The book is an anthology of articles investigating from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, includin...
The book is an anthology of articles investigating from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, including codeswitching and other manifestations of the construction of sociocultural identities in face-to-face interaction Language contact in society and in the world, and social hierarchies between languages: consequences of (mobility driven) language spread, and the ensuing processes of redefining linguistic differences and identities: language competition, language promotion and language discrimination The complex relationship between language and culture: how can we envisage mobility and language spread across cultural areas without conceptualizing language as culturally neutral? (cp. the frequent conceptualization of English as culturally neutral) Language contact in the individual: multiple language competencies and the idea of plurilingualism - in Europe and in the world The concept of linguaculture/languaculture, and studies related to this concept. Language and sociocultural identity: how can we address this issue thinking both of first languages and of languages functioning as second and foreign languages? The concepts of first language (mother tongue), second language, foreign language, and lingua franca: how can we develop and refine these analytical concepts taking into consideration the complexities of language contacts and plurilingual competencies?
Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne
Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working with sociocultural differences in ethics and by knowing how to facilitate appropriate virtual team actions. Associated practices include implementing codes and policies transcend cultural, ethnic, or other boundaries and equipping virtual teams with the needed technology, support, and rewards to ensure timely and productive work that ultimately promotes good science and patient safety in drug development. PMID:20587155
Llorenç Andreu Barrachina
Full Text Available En éste trabajo se presenta la organización y seguimiento del prácticum en el marco de una universidad virtual. Desde una visión constructivista y sociocultural de la enseñanza, del aprendizaje y de la evaluación, la propuesta plantea un modelo de prácticum de la licenciatura de 2º ciclo de Psicopedagogía, que conjuga la tutorización y el seguimiento del trabajo de los estudiantes en el centro de prácticas simultáneamente con un trabajo de reflexión sobre la práctica que se lleva a cabo en el aula del campus virtual. La aplicación de esta metodología aporta muchos beneficios formativos para los estudiantes puesto que garantiza la adquisición de destrezas propias de la intervención psicopedagógica en un contexto determinado conjuntamente con la reflexión sobre los contextos, finalidades y objetivos de la intervención psicopedagógica. Las repercusiones, ventajas e inconvenientes de éste modelo de prácticum se analizan teniendo en cuenta también las directrices del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior.ABSTRACTUsing the virtual campus in the practicum of psychopedagogy: a socio-cultural and constructivist approach. The Practicum (post-graduate teacher education is an area critical to the formation of a student to finish college.In the new framework of European Higher Education Area(EHEA,classroom practices have become even more important for the development of the skills required for a particular professional profile. In this paper we present the organization and monitoring of the Practicum as part of a virtual university. From a constructivist and socio-cultural teaching, learning and assessment, the proposal presents a model of practicum of the degree of 2nd cycle of psychopedagogy, which combines mentoring and monitoring the work of students in the training center work simultaneously with a reflection on practice which takes place in the classroom of the virtual campus. The results are analyzed from the satisfaction questionnaire administered to students at the end of each semester, which assesses four areas: overall satisfaction, teaching activities, resources and assessment of learning. The application of this methodology has many benefits for students training as skill acquisition warrants intervention own psychology in context togetherwith reflection on the contexts, purposes and objectives of the psychopedagogy intervention. The implications, advantages and disadvantages of this model of practicum are discussed taking into account the guidelines of the European Higher Education Area.
A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term social, in this context is taken to mean purposeful communication and not recreational socializing (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)
A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term social, in this context is taken to mean purposeful communication and not recreational socializing (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)
Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne
Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working wit...
Hasler, Béatrice S; Hirschberger, Gilad; Shani-Sherman, Tal; Friedman, Doron A
This research examined virtual-human interactions as a new form of simulated contact between members of groups in conflict. A virtual human representing an outgroup member (a Palestinian) interacted with 60 Jewish Israeli participants in an experimental study. We manipulated postural mimicry by the virtual interaction partner during a conversation about a sensitive conflict issue. Mimicry increased empathy toward the Palestinians, irrespective of participants' feelings toward the Palestinians prior to the experiment. Further, mimicked participants who reported a priori negative feelings toward Palestinians expressed more sympathy toward their Palestinian virtual interaction partner, rated themselves as closer to him, and perceived the interaction as more harmonious compared to participants in a counter-mimicry condition. The results underscore the impact of mimicry on intergroup interactions, especially on individuals who harbor negative feelings toward the outgroup. The use of virtual-human interactions in obtaining this effect reveals the still widely unexplored potential of technology-enhanced conflict resolution. PMID:25343577
Full Text Available The grasping of virtual objects has been an active research field for several years. Solutions providing realistic grasping rely on special hardware or require time-consuming parameterizations. Therefore, we introduce a flexible grasping algorithm enabling grasping without computational complex physics. Objects can be grasped and manipulated with multiple fingers. In addition, multiple objects can be manipulated simultaneously with our approach. Through the usage of contact sensors the technique is easily configurable and versatile enough to be used in different scenarios.
T. Volkan YUZER
Full Text Available The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the characters of the Internet clearly via generating relatively new terms or concepts. Virtual eye contact concept is one of these. In this article, this concept is considered with a specific application of synchronous internet-based e-learning environments which is virtual classroom platform application. Explanation, technological infrastructure and benefits of this concept and training of the trainers to use this nonverbal communication type more powerfully are explained and discussed.
Yuzer, T. Volkan
The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the
The virtual prototypes of gear transmission system built in most multi-body dynamic software have difficulties in describing the gear mesh characteristics. The gear mesh contact is modelled as rigid contact and this is not accurate for the gear mesh contact, which is elastic or flexible. The gear contact formula used in the multi-body dynamic software does not reveal the gear contact nonlinear stiffness characteristic. The model built with gear meshing contact is difficult to solve because of its time-consuming algorithm. In the paper a new method is put forward to build the virtual prototype of planetary gearbox system according to the nonlinear mesh stiffness and mesh phase obtained through FEM models. This new FEM method of gear mesh stiffness calculation is much more accurate than the common formulas. The gear mesh nonlinear stiffness of sun gear- pinion and pinion-ring gear of all the planetary gear sets in gearbox are obtained through MATALB code, which is used to read and plot the analyzing result data. The gear mesh phase differences between different pinions with suns or rings of different planetary gear set can be also obtained. With all these data modelled in simulink (or other software) and integrated with the multi-body dynamic planetary gearbox model and the gear meshing contact problem in multi-body gear models is solved easily and accurately. The interfaces for gear mesh stiffness and mesh phases are designed for multi-body dynamic model and simulink. The nonlinear planetary gear set prototyping models are integrated to become the whole planetary gear box model and the whole vehicle system model built in multi-body dynamic software can be integrated to simulate different duty conditions. At last high speed input is put into the nonlinear planetary transmission model and the different duty cases are simulated. The dynamic characteristics of different parts are obtained. The dynamic characteristic comparison between nonlinear and linear models is made. It solves the difficulty of gear contact simulation in multi-body dynamic model and provides a new method in gear mesh stiffness calculation, which exports simulationX (or other software) model of nonlinear gear stiffness to replace that in multi-body dynamic model and succeeds in integrating planetary gear transmission with other parts of the vehicle. According to the simulation results, the conclusion can be made that the nonlinear modelling method for planetary gearbox is reliable and practical. It can be used to evaluate vibration characteristic of planetary gear transmission with high speed input
Full Text Available Alexey B Mantsyzov,1 Guillaume Bouvier,2 Nathalie Evrard-Todeschi,1 Gildas Bertho11Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris, France; 2Institut Pasteur, Paris, FranceAbstract: Evaluation of docking results is one of the most important problems for virtual screening and in silico drug design. Modern approaches for the identification of active compounds in a large data set of docked molecules use energy scoring functions. One of the general and most significant limitations of these methods relates to inaccurate binding energy estimation, which results in false scoring of docked compounds. Automatic analysis of poses using self-organizing maps (AuPosSOM represents an alternative approach for the evaluation of docking results based on the clustering of compounds by the similarity of their contacts with the receptor. A scoring function was developed for the identification of the active compounds in the AuPosSOM clustered dataset. In addition, the AuPosSOM efficiency for the clustering of compounds and the identification of key contacts considered as important for its activity, were also improved. Benchmark tests for several targets revealed that together with the developed scoring function, AuPosSOM represents a good alternative to the energy-based scoring functions for the evaluation of docking results.Keywords: scoring, docking, virtual screening, CAR, AuPosSOM
The main aim of the research was to get the knowledge of present trends and technologies used in it field. Virtualization Allows multiple applications to run in isolation within virtual machines on the same physical machine. Virtualization provides direct access to the hardware resources to give you much greater performance than software emulation. VMware provides hardware virtualization that presents a complete x86 platform to the virtual machine. By doing this project we get an opportunity to learn about an emerging field of IT Sector. They also gave us the details of project like 'Storage Vmmotioní on which HP is currently working.
Wagoner, Brady; Gillespie, Alex
The reported research uses an extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction to provide data on the sociocultural processes underlying reconstructive remembering. Twenty participants worked in pairs to remember the War of the Ghosts story 15 min and 1 week after presentation. The observed transformations were comparable to previous research with individuals. Going beyond previous research, we analyse participants' discourse to provide a window on the processes underlying these transform...
The process of cross-cultural migration may be particularly difficult for students travelling overseas for further or higher education, especially where qualitative differences exist between the home and host nations. The present study examined the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning Malaysian students in Britain. Eighty-one Malay and 110 Chinese students enrolled in various courses answered a self-report questionnaire that examined various aspects of sociocultural adjustment. A series of one-way analyses of variance showed that Malay participants experienced poorer sociocultural adjustment in comparison with their Chinese counterparts. They were also less likely than Chinese students to have contact with co-nationals and host nationals, more likely to perceive their actual experience in Britain as worse than they had expected, and more likely to perceive greater cultural distance and greater discrimination. The results of regression analyses showed that, for Malay participants, perceived discrimination accounted for the greatest proportion of variance in sociocultural adjustment (73%), followed by English language proficiency (10%) and contact with host nationals (4%). For Chinese participants, English language proficiency was the strongest predictor of sociocultural adjustment (54%), followed by expectations of life in Britain (18%) and contact with host nationals (3%). By contrast, participants' sex, age, and length of residence failed to emerge as significant predictors for either ethnic group. Possible explanations for this pattern of findings are discussed, including the effects of Islamophobia on Malay-Muslims in Britain, possible socioeconomic differences between Malay and Chinese students, and personality differences between the two ethnic groups. The results are further discussed in relation to practical steps that can be taken to improve the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning students in Britain. PMID:22029555
Full Text Available Se analiza la necesidad de una perspectiva epidemiológica incluyente que atienda las diversas dimensiones del daño a la salud como fenómeno reflejo de la sociedad. Ello demanda una diversificación metodológica y operativa ante realidades sanitarias donde opera sistemáticamente la cultura y la organi [...] zación social. Se postulan algunos elementos definitorios y operativos de la epidemiología sociocultural como referente para dinamizar la relación entre disciplinas y sectores a partir de problemas específicos relevantes para la salud pública. Abstract in english The necessity of an inclusive epidemiological approach, capable to attend the diverse dimensions involved in health damage as a reflective phenomenon of society is analyzed. The range of perspectives involved requires an inclusive methodological scope and applicative channels, in order to deal with [...] sanitary realities systematically related to culture and social organization. Some constitutive elements of sociocultural epidemiology are underlined, shaping an operative proposal that can enhance the relationship between disciplines and sectors regarding specific outstanding public health problems.
Eduardo L., Menéndez.
Full Text Available Este artículo describe y analiza procesos de divergencia, convergencia y complementación entre la epidemiología y la antropología médica, con el objetivo de fundamentar el desarrollo de la epidemiología sociocultural en México. Se examinan en particular aspectos donde se observan dificultades de art [...] iculación entre ambas disciplinas y que se refieren a la posibilidad de establecer generalizaciones, a las concepciones sobre prevención, a la confiabilidad de los datos cualitativos y de los estadísticos, a los criterios de selección de informantes, que son discutidos a través de propuestas epidemiológicas y socioantropológicas respecto de la pobreza, el género, el racismo o el consumo de alcohol concernientes a procesos de salud/enfermedad/atención (s/e/a). En todos ellos se analizan los aspectos divergentes, pero también los que favorecen la complementación, lo cual no niega la existencia de una fuerte tendencia a la polarización entre ambas disciplinas, que, sin embargo, consideramos que podemos reducir y superar a través de procedimientos que favorecen el desarrollo de una epidemiología sociocultural pensada no como disciplina diferenciada, sino como una articulación entre los enfoques epidemiológicos y los socioantropológicos. Nos parece que uno de los principales mecanismos que posibilita dicha articulación lo constituye la problematización del proceso de s/e/a estudiar, que incluye, a su vez, la problematización de los presupuestos teóricos, empíricos y técnicos de los propios investigadores. Abstract in english This article contains a description and analysis of divergence, convergence and complementation processes between epidemiology and medical anthropology, with the purpose of contributing to the development of sociocultural epidemiology in Mexico. Particular issues are analyzed concerning problems wit [...] h linking both disciplines, and which allude to the possibility of establishing generalizations, notions of prevention, validity and reliability of qualitative and statistical data, and criteria for informant selection, points which are discussed in terms of epidemiological and socio-anthropological approaches to poverty, gender, racism or alcohol consumption in the health/disease/care process. Divergent and convergent issues are analyzed for all these topics, which does not negate a strong trend toward polarization between both disciplines. Even so, we consider that this can be reduced and surmounted through strategies aimed at developing a sociocultural epidemiology conceived not as a discipline but as a link between epidemiological and anthropological approaches. One of the main strategies is a reflection on the health process under study, which includes an in-depth discussion of the researchers' own theoretical, empirical and technical assumptions.
Objective: To determine the frequency of induced abortion and identity the role of sociocultural factors contributing to termination of pregnancy and associated morbidity and mortality in hospital setting. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were admitted for induced abortion were interviewed in privacy. On condition of anonymity they were asked about the age, parity, family setup and relationships, with particular emphasis on sociocultural reasons and factors contributing to induction of abortion. Details of status of abortionist and methods used for termination of pregnancy, the resulting complications and their severity were recorded. Results: Out of total admissions, 57(2.35%) gave history of induced abortion. All women belonged to low socioeconomic class and 59.6% of them were illiterate. Forty-three (75.5%) of these women had never practiced concentration. Twenty-four (42%) were grandmultiparae and did not want more children. In 29 women (50.9%) the decision for abortion had been supported by the husband. In 25 (43.8%) abortion was carried out by Daiyan (traditional midwives). Serious complications like uterine perforation with or without bowel injury were encouraged in 25 (43.8%) of these women. During the study period illegally induced abortion accounted for 6 (10.5%) maternal deaths. Conclusion: Prevalence of poverty, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-practice of contraception are strong determinants of induced abortion. (author)
Chadda, R.; Malhotra, S.(University of Delhi, Delhi, India); Asad, A.G.; Bambery, P
Socio-cultural factors are one of the important variables involved in development of anorexia nervosa. The prevalence of the illness has shown a definite increase in last few decades. Certain other important sociocultural variables like familial interaction patterns, parental attitude towards weight control, desirability for slimness and thinness also have a deciding role. Stress of any kind can act as a precipitating factor. We report here a patient of anorexia nervosa, in whom the above men...
McInerney, Dennis M., Ed.; Walker, Richard A., Ed.; Liem, Gregory Arief D., Ed.
It is now nearly thirty years since sociocultural theories of learning created great excitement and debate amongst those concerned with learning in diverse contexts. Since that time significant advances have been made in sociocultural theory and research. Various sociocultural approaches to the understanding of learning (for example, sociocultural
The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special attention is devoted to considering complexity of tourists/host interrelationships and discussing the techniques for appraisal of quality and quantity of socio-cultural changes which tourism provokes in local communities. PMID:21755737
Reina, Samantha A.; Shomaker, Lauren B.; Mooreville, Mira; Courville, Amber B; Brady, Sheila M.; Olsen, Cara; Yanovski, Susan Z; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A
Parental feeding practices and sociocultural pressures theoretically influence eating behavior. Yet, whether these factors relate to eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is unknown. We assessed if sociocultural pressures were associated with EAH among 90 adolescents (Mage = 15.27, SD = 1.39; 48% female). Parents completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Adolescents completed the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3, and Multidim...
Chen, Kuan-Yu; Liao, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Jyun-Hung; Liu, Duen-Ren
Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable virtual goods fit for their virtual home in daily virtual life. In the VWs, users decorate their houses, visit others' homes, create families, host parties, and so forth. Users establish their social life circles through these activities. This research proposes a novel virtual goods recommendation method based on these social interactions. The contact strength and contact influence result from interactions with social neighbors and influence users' buying intention. Our research highlights the importance of social interactions in virtual goods recommendation. The experiment's data were retrieved from an online VW platform, and the results show that the proposed method, considering social interactions and social life circle, has better performance than existing recommendation methods. PMID:25834837
An exposition is presented of the principles of a socio-cultural risk theory based on the statement 'Risk is structured uncertainty'. It deals with hazards of human behaviour, risk as a challenge, hazards in nature and in culture, in science and enterprise, to close with a few words on today's crisis and uncertainty. (Auth.)
Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David
The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent
This paper examines how the epidemiological findings of anorexia nervosa lead theorists to speculate a correlation between sociocultural factors and the development of anorexia nervosa. A section on the essential features of anorexia nervosa identifies five primary characteristics of anorexia: (1) severe weight loss; (2) a disturbance of body
Brunner N.; Linden N.; Popescu S.; Skrzypczyk P.
We argue that thermal machines can be understood from the perspective of `virtual qubits' at `virtual temperatures': The relevant way to view the two heat baths which drive a thermal machine is as a composite system. Virtual qubits are two-level subsystems of this composite, and their virtual temperatures can take on any value, positive or negative. Thermal machines act upon an external system by placing it in thermal contact with a well-selected range of virtual qubits and ...
Luis Torres; Jordi Ojeda; Josep Monguet; Hugo Gonzalez
En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observa...
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the cultural turn in retail studies by offering an overview of the interdisciplinary field of socio-cultural retailing and, based on this introduction, draw out and discuss what this body of work can contribute to the field of retail marketing. The paper reviews socio- cultural retail research from the disciplines of marketing, cultural geography, sociology and anthropology. Taken together this body of work clearly shows that retailing and shopping pr...
Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle Zimmermann; Rochele Paz Fonseca
The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individ...
Adolescence means an increased risk for eating disorders (ED) and the female gender is the most important risk factor. Empirical studies of the perceptions of gender idealsas potential mediating factors between the socio-cultural context and EDwere this thesis primary goals. Further aims implied evaluating the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorders Inventory for Children (EDI-C) and providing normative data for boys and girls concerning self-assessed ED symptoms and related psycho...
Full Text Available I present a sociocultural approach to research and science education that incorporates a recursive relationship between transformation and theory, acknowledges the strengths of subjectivity, and regards difference as a resource for learning. The methodology incorporates hermeneutic-phenomenology, reflexive inquiry, and event-oriented inquiry. Research on emotions contextualizes methodologies for multidisciplinary and multi-level research. Finally, a new journal that was developed as a home for cultural studies of science education is described along with the processes used in manuscript review and publication.
Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting a brief overview of the major theoretical claims of the sociocultural theory (SCT of mind and mental development with particular attention to how it relates to the learning and teaching of second/foreign languages. The sociocultural perspective has profound implications for teaching, schooling, and education. The main idea of this psychological view of human development is that social interaction is responsible for the development of higher order functions. In this regard it is believed that just the individuals internal cognitive process cannot account for developmental process. The researchers should also consider the external social factors in the childs environment. Children participate in activities which entail the use of cognitive and communicative functions and by doing so, these functions scaffold and nurture them in their developmental process. Hence in language classrooms successful instructions should be within the childs zone of proximal development (ZPD and also successful learning process cannot be an individuals unmediated or unassisted effort but a collaborative process.
Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente
Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.
Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta, Parente; Maria Teresa, Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle, Zimmermann; Rochele Paz, Fonseca.
Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, [...] the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.
Purpose: To examine philosophical stances underpinning medical identity and assess the conceptual relationship between physician, medical practice and culture. Argument: Medical identity is about the ideals and moral positions that physicians take when justifying themselves. Medical identity is the study of the sociocultural paragons that conceptually underlie the phenomenology of physicians coming to take themselves as autonomous social agents. The paper relies on Hegels Phenomenology of Spirit and investigates dilemmas pertaining to first objectivist versus subjectivist views and second hedonistic versus sentimentalist approaches to medical identity. The sociocultural philosophical analysis of medical identity can shed light on what it means conceptually for a physician to harbor beliefs associated with him/her being taken to be an autonomous professional. It is important because it touches on the meaning of being a compassionate, good and skilled physician, making its relevance to person-centered medicine self-evident. Conclusion: Medical identity should be analyzed with reference to literature, philosophy and medical practice in order for the physician to exercise a reflective position in the care of the individual patient which is both scientifically rational and subjectively meaningful.
Bierema, Laura L.
Outlines demographic dimensions of the work force: aging, gender, race, sexual orientation, immigration, language, religion. Suggests a workplace pedagogy that is sensitive to sociocultural context and includes the concept of workplace learning as a lifelong process, socioculturally sensitive policies, equal opportunity development, and diversity
Upchurch, Dawn M.; Aneshensel, Carol S.; Mudgal, Jyoti; McNeely, Clea Sucoff
Examines the sociocultural influences on risk of first sex among Hispanic teens living in Los Angeles County. Hispanic teens living in low-density Hispanic neighborhoods have significantly higher risk of sex than do teens living in neighborhoods with higher levels of ambient hazards. Results highlight the importance of characterizing sociocultural
Colonoscopy - virtual; CT colonography; Computed tomographic colonography; Colography - virtual ... is almost no such risk from virtual colonoscopy. Virtual ... than 10 mm. Regular colonoscopy can detect polyps of all sizes.
Full Text Available This paper presents a sociocultural knowledge ontology (OntoSOC modeling approach. OntoSOC modeling approach is based on Engeström?s Human Activity Theory (HAT. That Theory allowed us to identify fundamental concepts and relationships between them. The top-down precess has been used to define differents sub-concepts. The modeled vocabulary permits us to organise data, to facilitate information retrieval by introducing a semantic layer in social web platform architecture, we project to implement. This platform can be considered as a « collective memory » and Participative and Distributed Information System (PDIS which will allow Cameroonian communities to share an co-construct knowledge on permanent organized activities.
Full Text Available Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000. Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different factors involved. To achieve this, this literature review aims to explore the central concepts of sociocultural theories and how such perspectives assist researchers in examining the interaction involved in the field of second language research.
Winther, Helle Dagmar
Body contact and body language are unique and existential and, although culturally dependent and socially embodied, they are also universal communication forms. For small children all over the world, warm, close and nourishing body contact is fundamental to their embodied experience of themselves and the boundaries between self and world. In western societies, the modern premises for contact are in some ways developing from close contact to virtual communication. With this breadth of perspectiv...
Sköld, Olle; ?bo Akademi University
This paper examines how the effects of virtual space on learning have been elucidated in recent research with the aim of providing both a comprehensive picture of the current state of research and interesting avenues for future projects. Drawing on a multidisciplinary review, it identifies five key themes that together constitute research in virtual space and learning: analogies between the study of physical space and learning; socio-cultural constructivist perspectives; practical and theoret...
Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL) research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000). Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different facto...
Alejandro, Castro Solano; María Laura, Lupano Perugini.
Full Text Available El interés para realizar esta investigación surgió a partir de que Argentina recibe un número creciente de estudiantes de otros países latinoamericanos, atraídos por el idioma, el prestigio académico y las condiciones económicas. Como resultado del contacto intercultural, los estudiantes atraviesan [...] el proceso psicológico denominado aculturación, que implica cambios afectivos, comportamentales y cognitivos. En virtud de lo antedicho, este estudio se propuso identificar predictores de adaptación sociocultural en función de variables sociodemográficas, culturales y psicológicas de estudiantes que decidieron realizar sus estudios universitarios en Argentina. Participaron 216 estudiantes migrantes que se encontraban cursando diferentes carreras universitarias, el 57% eran mujeres (n = 124) y el 43% varones (n = 92), con un promedio de edad de 24.18 años (DE = 4.55). El 86% (n = 186) había nacido en Latinoamérica. El restante 14% provenía de países de Europa y Asia. El tiempo promedio de residencia en Argentina era de 3.31años. Se emplearon diferentes instrumentos diseñados ad hoc y/o adaptados para medir las variables involucradas en el estudio. A partir de los resultados obtenidos, no se pudo corroborar la influencia por parte de variables sociodemográficas (edad y tiempo de residencia). En cambio, entre las variables culturales se constató que percibir bajos niveles de discriminación y ansiedad intergrupal predice buenos niveles de adaptación sociocultural. En cuanto a las variables psicológicas, se corroboró que el apoyo social y la satisfacción percibida contribuyen a la adaptación sociocultural. En términos globales, las variables culturales y psicológicas predicen con mayor éxito la adaptación sociocultural en relación alas sociodemográficas. Abstract in english The interest of this research arises from that Argentina received a growing number of students from other Latin-American countries. International migration has risen exponentially in recent decades due to advances in technology and communications. According to the International Organization for Migr [...] ation (OIM, 2010), the estimated number of international migrants in the world for that year was 214 million, doubling the previous two decades. Globalization has promoted exchanges among different cultures, but also caused the collision between different value systems, beliefs and customs that, in many cases, generates situations of confusion or discomfort in people (Furnham & Bochner, 1986). Approximately 2.9million people each year decide to make or complete their studies in other countries (OECD, 2008). Argentina receives an increasing number of students from other Latin-American countries, attracted by the language, the academic prestige of the local universities and the favorable economic conditions (Filmus, 2007). At the present, international students represent 1.6% of university students in Argentina. Therefore, Argentina is the fourth host country of America, after United States, Canada and Uruguay. As a result of intercultural contact, students go through the psychological process called acculturation, which involves affective, behavioral and cognitive changes. Taking into account the antecedents mentioned, this research proposed to identify predictors of socio-cultural adaptation based on socio-demographic, cultural and psychological variables, in international students who decided to make their university studies in Argentina. The participants of the study were 216 migrant students who were studying different careers. 57% were women (n = 124) and 43% males (n = 92) with an average age of 24.18 years (SD = 4.55). 86% (n = 186) were born in Latin-America. The remaining 14% came from Europe and Asia. The average residence time in Argentina was 3.31 years. The reasons for their arrival in Argentina were diverse, 50% (n = 108) of them considered that Argentina was a good place to study for its academic prestige and low costs. The remaining half was divided between family reasons (n = 47, 21%),
Ana CALVO SASTRE
Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objetivo principal de este artículo es plantear algunas reflexiones sobre los procesos de Animación Sociocultural desde una perspectiva didáctica. Para ello se analiza, por un lado, la relación entre la Animación Sociocultural como práctica educativa y la Didáctica como disciplina centrada en el estudio de los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Este análisis se realiza desde una perspectiva de complementariedad entendiendo la Didáctica como un marco referencial para la Animación Sociocultural y, a su vez, planteando la Animación Sociocultural como un campo que amplía los espacios de acción, reflexión e investigación de la Didáctica. Por otro lado, el apartado final del artículo se centra de manera específica en la perspectiva del Curriculum y su relación con la Animación Sociocultural. Se analizan, sobre todo, aquellas teorías que conciben la práctica del Curriculum como un proceso de investigación y, de manera más específica, aquellas que expresan una visión crítica del mismo puesto que constituyen la concepción del Curriculum en la que mejor se acomoda la Animación Sociocultural desde los planteamientos que de este concepto se realizan a lo largo del artículo.ABSTRACT: The principal objective of this article is to establish some reflections on the processes of Socio-cultural Animation («Community education» in Anglo- Saxon contexts from a didactic perspective. Thus, in one part, we analyze the relationship between Socio-cultural Animation as an educational practice and Didactics as a discipline centered on the study of teaching-learning processes. This analysis is carried out from a complementary perspective, if we understand Didactics as a referential framework for Socio-cultural Animation and, in turn, establish Sociocultural Animation as a field that extends the areas of action, reflection, and investigation of Didactics. Then, the final part of the article centers specifically on the perspective of the Curriculum and its relationship with Socio-cultural Animation. Primarily, those theories that consider Curriculum development to be a process of investigation are analyzed, and, more specifically, those that express a critical vision of this. These theories constitute the conception of the Curriculum which best accommodates the idea of Socio-cultural Animation defended throughout the article.RÉSUMÉ: Le principal objectif de cet article est d'exposer quelques observations sur les processus d'Animation Socioculturelle dans une perspective didactique. Pour cela on analyse, d'une part, la relation entre l'Animation Socioculturelle comme pratique éducative et la Didactique comme discipline centrée sur l'étude des processus d'enseignement-apprentissage. Cette analyse est réalisée dans une perspective de complémentarité, la Didactique étant considérée comme un cadre de référence pour l'Animation Socioculturelle et l'Animation Socioculturelle étant considérée à son tour comme un domaine qui élargit les espaces d'action, de réflexion et de recherche de la Didactique. D'autre part, le dernier alinéa de l'article se centre plus spécifiquement sur la perspective du Curriculum et sa relation avec l'Animation Socioculturelle. Il analyse, surtout, les théories qui conçoivent la pratique du Curriculum comme processus de recherche et, plus particulièrement, les théories qui expriment une vision critique de ce dernier puisqu'elles offrent une conception du Curriculum qui permet à l'Animation Socioculturelle de s'adapter au mieux selon les observations réalisées sur ce concept tout au long de l'article.
Roberts, Lisa R; Mann, Semran K; Montgomery, Susanne B
In a US population of adult male and female Sikh immigrant participants (N = 350), we explored sociocultural factors related to depression, giving participants a choice between English or Punjabi surveys. Language preference pointed to a subgroup with higher levels of depression and lower satisfaction with life. Underreporting of depression suggests a general reluctance to discuss depression. While multiple sociocultural variables were associated with depression bivariably, multivariate analysis identified negative religious coping and anxiety as unique predictors of depression. Community interventions should tap into the protective close-knit social fabric of this community as an opportunity to change the stigma of mental health. PMID:26605953
Maria Angela Silveira Paulilo
Full Text Available O artigo analisa discursos sobre o risco do HIV/Aids e das drogas, extraídos de duas pesquisas qualitativas desenvolvidas entre jovens de escolas públicas e jovens participantes em programas e serviços sociais públicos. Os dados provieram de grupos focais, oficina e resposta escrita a uma questão aberta; e questionário com questões fechadas e abertas. O texto se baseia em dois eixos de análise presentes no caso da aids e das drogas. O primeiro se relaciona à projeção do risco para um território distante estabelecido pela figura do "outro". O segundo se refere à busca do prazer trazido pelo sexo e pelas drogas, prazer constituído pela sensação de vertigem, de êxtase, de perda dos sentidos, componente oposto à racionalidade esperada pelo discurso preventivo. A compreensão sociocultural do risco nos levou a considerar que, embora cientes do discurso preventivo relacionado aos efeitos negativos das drogas e do HIV/Aids, os jovens o incorporam de forma particular, na qual aparecem inconsistências, ambivalências e ambigüidades. Concluímos que a linguagem do risco para os jovens é diferente daquela presente na área da saúde. Os riscos são concebidos e controlados em meio a diferenças culturais e não reduzidos à probabilidade de ocorrência de um evento negativo, como tratado pela linguagem racional moderna.The article analyzes the discourse about the risk represented by HIV/Aids and drugs, found in two qualitative researches carried out with youngsters from public schools and from public social services and programs. The data came, for the first research, from focus groups, workshops and a written answer to an open question; and for the second one, a questionnaire with close and open questions. This text is based on two analysis axes which occur in both cases, aids and drugs. The first one is related to the projection of the risk to a distant territory established by the figure of the "other". The second one is related to the search for pleasure provided by sex and drugs, pleasure which derives from dizziness, ecstasy, senses'loss, opposed to the rationality expected by the preventive discourse. The sociocultural comprehension of the risks led us to consider that, in spite of the knowledge about the preventive discourse of the negative effects related to aids and drugs, this is done with inconsistency, ambivalence and ambiguities. It is concluded that the language of the risk for the youngsters is different from the one presented in the health area. These risks are conceived and controlled within the framework of cultural differences, not being reduced to the probability of a negative event, as in the modern rational language.
Svejvig, Per; Commisso, Trine Hald
Virtual projects are common with global competition, market development, and not least the financial crisis forcing organizations to reduce their costs drastically. Organizations therefore have to place high importance on ways to carry out virtual projects and consider appropriate practices for performing these projects. This paper compares best practices with practiced practices for virtual projects and discusses ways to bridge the gap between them. We have studied eleven virtual projects in fi...
Wang, Li; Bruce, Christine; Hughes, Hilary
Drawing on the example of a recent study (Wang, 2010), this paper discusses the application of a sociocultural approach to information literacy research and curricular design. First, it describes the foundation of this research approach in sociocultural theories, in particular Vygotsky's sociocultural theory. Then it presents key theoretical
Helping students and others facing the task of adapting to a foreign culture is becoming ever more pressing. The current study delves into sociocultural adaptation in order to clarify that process and provide information useful for educators, trainers, coaches, and others guiding those facing a sojourn in a foreign culture. A question to be
Full Text Available Until recently, it was believed that to learn/teach another language, it is sufficient for a person to know the grammar of another language in detail, have a good command of its vocabulary, and be able to pronounce the words, phrases and sentences well. However, later it turned out not to be so easy since more important issues were discovered which made the learning/teaching of another language (SL/FL more challenging than what it was previously thought. These issues are the social and the cultural aspects of L2/FL, the combination of which makes the sociocultural aspects of language learning and teaching. This means that, the circumstances under which we live, together with the symbols, symbolic tools, and signs we use to mediate and regulate our relationships with others, and with ourselves which make sociocultural theory are important issues for learning L2/FL. Later, the three generations of psycholinguistics are provided, the third generation of which is sociocultural theory together with the important notions of each generation. Finally, three educational implications of sociocultural theory are provided.
This paper reviews the significant sociocultural literatures on science studies, cultural diversity, and sustainability science to develop theoretical perspectives for science education more suitable to the challenges of contemporaneity. While the influences of science studies and cultural diversity are not uncommon within the science education
Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong
This research assessed the extent to which sociocultural factors implicated in explanations of weight dissatisfaction among young Western females extend to sources of body image concern in emerging adult and adolescent males from the People's Republic of China. In Study 1, 219 Mainland Chinese male university students completed measures of stature
Perry, Kristen H.
Sociocultural perspectives on literacy include various theories focused on the myriad ways in which people use literacy in context, which include a strong emphasis on power relations. Yet, these theories also have important differences, and many in the field of literacy do not clearly differentiate among them. I provide a critical overview of
Chikovore, Jeremiah; Makusha, Tawanda; Muzvidziwa, Irene; Richter, Linda
Children develop in several interlocking systems--in the context of their family, and within the interaction of such settings as home, school, and church (Russell, 2011). In South Africa, children's diverse backgrounds within families, neighborhoods, and sociocultural environments provide them with varied experiences and opportunities to learn.
Anh, Dang Thi Kim; Marginson, Simon
Vygotsky saw mental and cultural development as "mediated" by artefacts, including tools and signs. He used his "genetic method" to investigate higher cognitive processes in historical context. These insights are foundational to sociocultural theory, which is widely used in education research. However, since Vygotsky, communicative globalization
The sociocultural problems of Turkish children living in Germany are explored. Turkish immigrant children in Germany must be socialized in two societies, the traditional Turkish culture of their parents and that of German society. Religion and the Islamic-value system are often at odds with German values. (SLD)
Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observación participante,la cual se realizó participando en comunidades virtuales y por medio de un blog y otrasherramientas 2.0. El resultado de la experiencia etnográfica es un modelo descriptivo dela web 2.0 basado en un Entorno Personal de Aprendizaje (PLE.
Wen, Heming; Le-Ngoc, Tho
This SpringerBriefs is an overview of the emerging field of wireless access and mobile network virtualization. It provides a clear and relevant picture of the current virtualization trends in wireless technologies by summarizing and comparing different architectures, techniques and technologies applicable to a future virtualized wireless network infrastructure. The readers are exposed to a short walkthrough of the future Internet initiative and network virtualization technologies in order to understand the potential role of wireless virtualization in the broader context of next-generation ubiq
Dermatitis - contact; Allergic dermatitis; Dermatitis - allergic ... There are two types of contact dermatitis. Irritant dermatitis: This is the most common type. It can be by contact with acids, alkaline materials such as soaps ...
Brunner, Nicolas; Popescu, Sandu; Skrzypczyk, Paul
We argue that thermal machines can be understood from the perspective of `virtual qubits' at `virtual temperatures': The relevant way to view the two heat baths which drive a thermal machine is as a composite system. Virtual qubits are two-level subsystems of this composite, and their virtual temperatures can take on any value, positive or negative. Thermal machines act upon an external system by placing it in thermal contact with a well-selected range of virtual qubits and temperatures. We demonstrate these claims by studying the smallest thermal machines. We show further that this perspective provides a powerful way to view thermodynamics, by analysing a number of phenomena. This includes approaching Carnot efficiency (where we find that all machines do so essentially by becoming equivalent to the smallest thermal machines), entropy production in irreversible machines, and a way to view work in terms of negative temperature and population inversion. Moreover we introduce the idea of "genuine" thermal machin...
Estrategias de aculturación y adaptación psicológica y sociocultural de estudiantes extranjeros en la Argentina / Acculturation strategies and psychological and sociocultural adaptation of foreign students in Argentina
Alejandro, Castro Solano.
Full Text Available Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementació [...] n de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la perspectiva del migrante y la de los miembros de la cultura huésped. Participaron del estudio dos muestras de estudiantes universitarios (125 estudiantes extranjeros de diferentes carreras universitarias y 121estudiantes universitarios argentinos). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron los siguientes: las formas real e ideal de la Encuesta de Estrategias Aculturativas de Berry (1997), una escala de discriminación percibida y para examinar las medidas de adaptación, se administraron escalas de adaptación sociocultural y de adaptación académica diseñadas ad-hoc y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985). Los resultados señalan que la estrategia preferida es la integración y la menos utilizada, la de marginalización. Tanto la percepción del migrante como la del estudiante huésped coinciden con respecto al uso de la estrategia aculturativa preferida, coincidiendo las percepciones tanto del propio sujeto en proceso de aculturación como la de los miembros de la cultura receptora. La integración es la estrategia que trae mejores resultados adaptativos. Aquellos que optaron por el estilo integrativo, eran los migrantes que percibían mayor satisfacción con la vida y un mejor ajuste a la vida académica en general. Abstract in english At present the number of foreign university student is one of the largest in modern history. It has been characterized as those who reside voluntarily and temporarily abroad in order to participate in educational exchange with the intention of returning to their country once they have achieved the p [...] urpose of their trip. These kinds of student have been classified as sojourners (temporary residents) and they are people who migrate from one cultural context for a relatively long time (6 months to 5 years). In the last decade Argentina start hosting a large amount of foreign university students, attracted by the language, the favorable economic conditions and the prestige of universities in Latin America. University students have to deal with a psychological phenomenon called acculturation and it is the process of psychological and cultural change resulting from intercultural contact. Adaptation to this event can be either psychological or cultural. The psychological is related to the well-being experienced as a result of cultural contact. Cultural adaptation involves the implementation of social skills needed to function effectively within a complex cultural environment. Based on acculturation Berry´s model a study was designed to test the acculturative strategies applied by a group of foreign students who had migrated to carry on university studies in Argentina. Berry propose two separate dimensions: (1) immigrants feel their cultural identity and customs as valuable enough to keep them in the host society (maintenance) and (2) relationships with other people or groups in society are truly valuable to identified and encouraged (participation). These dimensions lead to four acculturation strategies. (a) Integration: the migrant try to maintain their cultural heritage and also maintains contact with the dominant cultural group. (b) Assimilation: the individual does not retain their native culture and attempts to maintain contact only with dominant culture members. (c) Marginalization: occurs when the migrant has no interest or ability to pursue their native culture and it is unlikely to come into contact with the host culture. (d) Separation: this occurs when the migrant is able to maintain their original culture but avoid or cannot have interact
This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, "Science games and the development of possible selves". In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on
Jaradat, Suhair; Qablan, Ahmad; Barham, Areej
This paper explains how the activity theory is used as a framework to analyze the barriers to a virtual Management Information Stream (MIS) Curriculum in Jordanian schools, from both the sociocultural and pedagogical perspectives. Taking the activity system as a unit of analysis, this study documents the processes by which activities shape and are
Jonker, Catholijn; Broekens, Joost; Plaat, Aske
Virtual Reality is used successfully to treat people for regular phobias. A new challenge is to develop Virtual Reality Exposure Training for social skills. Virtual actors in such systems have to show appropriate social behavior including emotions, gaze, and keeping distance. The behavior must be realistic and real-time. Current approaches consist of four steps: 1) trainee social signal detection, 2) cognitive-affective interpretation, 3) determination of the appropriate bod...
Full Text Available This chapter explains the strategy for the sociocultural reform of education as a socialization institution that plays a key role in the focused development of value systems, standards, paradigms, and behavioral patterns in the population of Russia. The author reveals the role education plays in modeling such phenomena of social development as the social consolidation of society, the civil identity of representatives of various social groups and national cultures, the encouragement of social confidence, the successful socialization of oncoming generations, and the social stratification of the population of Russia. This chapter also considers the benefits of the sociocultural reform of education as a growth driver for the competitive strength of the individual, the society, and the state and for the further design of long-term programs for the social and economic development of Russia, including the federal education-development program.
Galanina, E.; Dulzon, A.; Schwab, A.
The aim of the present research is to discuss Tomsk Polytechnic University in respect of forming engineers sociocultural competence and teaching engineering ethics. Today international standards of training engineers cover efficient communication skills, ability to understand societal and environment context, professional and ethical responsibility. This article deals with the problem of contradiction between the need to form engineers sociocultural competence in Russian higher education institutions in order to meet the requirements of international accreditation organizations and the real capabilities of existing engineering curricula. We have described ethics teaching experience of TPU, studied the engineering master programs of TPU to see how the planned results are achieved. We have also given our recommendations to alter the structure of TPU educational curricula, which can also be applied in other higher education institutions.
This article briefly summarizes central components of theories of sexual development and outlines that these components depend largely on socio-cultural factors. A cultural change of human sexuality is reflected by several phenomena such as the public debate about sexual violence and its consequences, a diminuation of gender differences and a turn away from monosexuality, tremendous changes within the world of partner relationships and a mediatization of sexuality. This mediatization is paralleled by a public sexualization as well as a de-sexualization of the private sphere together with an increase of a loss of sexual desire reflecting well-known problems of human sexuality. Finally, it has to be stated that sexuality has experienced a demystification as a consequence of socio-cultural changes following the sexual liberalization. PMID:17177103
Flexible bronchoscopy represents a clinically well-established invasive diagnostic tool. Virtual bronchoscopies, calculated from thin-slice CT sections, allow astonishing immitations of reality although principal differences exist between both technologies: the Fact that colour representation is artificial and concommitant interventions are impossible limits the clinical use of virtual bronchoscopy. However, its value increases when calculations can be attained within minutes due to technological advancements, and when virtually any chest CT is suitable for further postprocessing. Indications, findings and the clinical role of virtual bronchoscopy are discussed. (orig.)
Roc\\u00EDo Garc\\u00EDa; Teodor Mircea; Elena Duque
La premisa central de la teoría vygotskiana es que para promover el aprendizaje y, consecuentemente, el desarrollo, es necesario intervenir en el contexto socio-cultural y transformarlo. Una interpretación errónea de la teoría histórico-cultural de Vygotsky ha llevado a decir lo contrario y ha abogado por la adaptación de la enseñanza al contexto, aumentando el fracaso escolar. Este artículo ofrece evidencias del verdadero sentido transformador de la teoría de Vygotsky y muestra cómo los cent...
Full Text Available In order to rectify environmental degradation, government has encouraged sustainable management among businesses. In addition, researchers have also suggested a new breed of study called sustainable entrepreneurship, which links sustainability management to entrepreneurial activities. However, the participation of entrepreneurial firms in sustainability management is still far from satisfactory. Past studies also have found that SMEs are less active in sustainabilty initiatives and many issues related to the intention of firms for sustainability entrepreneurship is still unanswered. Therefore, this study was carried out to examine the influence of socio-cultural factors on intention towards sustainable entrepreneurship among SMEs. A total of 404 SMEs in Malaysia were surveyed by using questionnaire. Based on the statistical analyses performed, this study found that three socio-cultural factors, namely time orientation, sustainability orientation and social norm significantly influenced intention towards sustainable entrepreneurship among SMEs. Thus, in order to develop true sustainable entrepreneurs in the country, the effects of non-economic factors such as socio-cultural factors should not be underestimated. Lastly, some recommendations for future researchers have also been put forth in this paper.
Alexsandro Pereira de Pereira
Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma introdução à aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch. Um primeiro pressuposto da aproximação sociocultural é a noção de que a "ação mediada" é a unidade de análise. A partir dessa perspectiva, a ação humana tipicamente emprega ferramentas culturais, ou meios mediacionais, que são fornecidos por um cenário sociocultural particular. O uso concreto dessas ferramentas culturais envolve uma "tensão irredutível" entre agentes ativos e itens como computadores, livros, linguagem, entre outros. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar a aproximação sociocultural de Wertsch como possível referencial teórico para o ensino de ciências e para as pesquisas nessa área.This paper presents an introduction to the sociocultural approach to mind, as outlined by James V. Wertsch. A starting point for the sociocultural approach is the claim that it takes "mediated action" as unit of analysis. From this perspective, human action typically employs cultural tools, or mediational means, that are provided by a particular sociocultural setting. The concrete use of these cultural tools involves an "irreducible tension" between active agents and items such as computers, books, language, and others. The aim of this paper is to present Wertsch's sociocultural approach as a possible theoretical framework for science teaching and for research in this area.
Alexsandro Pereira de, Pereira; Fernanda, Ostermann.
Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma introdução à aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch. Um primeiro pressuposto da aproximação sociocultural é a noção de que a "ação mediada" é a unidade de análise. A partir dessa perspectiva, a ação humana tipicamente emprega ferramentas culturais, ou meios [...] mediacionais, que são fornecidos por um cenário sociocultural particular. O uso concreto dessas ferramentas culturais envolve uma "tensão irredutível" entre agentes ativos e itens como computadores, livros, linguagem, entre outros. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar a aproximação sociocultural de Wertsch como possível referencial teórico para o ensino de ciências e para as pesquisas nessa área. Abstract in english This paper presents an introduction to the sociocultural approach to mind, as outlined by James V. Wertsch. A starting point for the sociocultural approach is the claim that it takes "mediated action" as unit of analysis. From this perspective, human action typically employs cultural tools, or media [...] tional means, that are provided by a particular sociocultural setting. The concrete use of these cultural tools involves an "irreducible tension" between active agents and items such as computers, books, language, and others. The aim of this paper is to present Wertsch's sociocultural approach as a possible theoretical framework for science teaching and for research in this area.
Narat, Victor; Pennec, Flora; Simmen, Bruno; Ngawolo, Jean Christophe Bokika; Krief, Sabrina
Habituation is the term used to describe acceptance by wild animals of a human observer as a neutral element in their environment. Among primates, the process takes from a few days for Galago spp. to several years for African apes. There are also intraspecies differences reflecting differences in habitat, home range, and ape-human relationship history. Here, we present the first study of the process of bonobo habituation in a fragmented habitat, a forest-savanna mosaic in the community-based conservation area led by the Congolese nongovernmental organization Mbou-Mon-Tour, Democratic Republic of the Congo. In this area, local people use the forest almost every day for traditional activities but avoid bonobos because of a traditional taboo. Because very few flight reactions were observed during habituation, we focused on quantitative parameters to assess the development of ape tolerance and of the tracking efficiency of observer teams. During the 18-month study period (May 2012-October 2013), 4043 h (319 days) were spent in the forest and bonobos were observed for a total of 405 h (196 contacts on 134 days). The average contact duration was stable over time (124 min), but the minimal distance during a contact decreased with habituation effort. Moreover, bonobo location and tracking efficiency, daily ratio of contact time to habituation effort, and the number of observations at ground level were positively correlated with habituation effort. Our observations suggest that bonobos become habituated relatively rapidly. These results are discussed in relation to the habitat type, ape species, and the local sociocultural context of villagers. The habituation process involves changes in ape behavior toward observers and also more complex interactions concerning the ecosystem, including the building of an efficient local team. Before starting a habituation process, knowledge of the human sociocultural context is essential to assess the balance between risks and benefits. PMID:26159325
Umit I. Kopzhasarova
Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural competence development. The set of exercises on socio-cultural competence development on the material of English and Russian phraseological units, developed by authors, include language and speech tasks; tasks based on project and creative research activity methods, which are the basis of development of the main socio-cultural skills that are necessary in intercultural communication
Gawthrop, P. J
The virtual actuator approach to bond graph based control is extended to use virtual sensor inputs; this allows relative degree conditions on the controller to be relaxed. Furthermore, the effect of the transfer system can be eliminated from the closed loop system. Illustrative examples are given.
Based on theoretical considerations, this article investigates the socio-cultural mechanisms through which diversified firms are effectively managed without loss of control. Empirical results from extensive questionnaire surveys in Korea and the U.S. show that socio-cultural mechanisms such as shared values and corporate-level training were significantly and positively associated with divisional performance. In addition, sociocultural mechanisms appear to have unequal effects on the corporate...
Roman Kosarev; Dmitriy Olyanich
Multi-factorial researching of regional commercial real estate markets through sociocultural aspects represents a complex challenge. There are no precedents of special regional sociocultural assessment in the field of commercial real estate. Moreover, there are no corresponding tools for researches. This article describes the main characteristics of offered sociocultural regional commercial real estate markets assessment tools, realised in Hofstedes specially transformed parametrical system ...
Boogaard, B.K.; Boekhorst, L.J.S.; Oosting, S.J.; Sorensen, J.T.
Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisi...
Boogaard, B.K.; boekhorst, L.J.S.; Oosting, S.J.; Sørensen, Jan Tind
Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisite ...
Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.
Campana, Frédéric; Flenner, Hubert
A contact singularity is a normal singularity $(V,0)$ together with a holomorphic contact form $\\eta$ on $V\\backslash$ Sing $V$ in a neighbourhood of 0, i.e. $\\eta\\wedge (d\\eta)^r$ has no zero, where dim $V=2r+1$. The main result of this paper is that there are no isolated contact singularities.
Sukhoverkhov A. V.
Full Text Available The article shows the distinctive features of biological and cognitive approaches to the study of the origin and evolution of language. Their advantages in understanding and explaining of the individual foundations of language faculty are considered. The study shows that these approaches do not take into account the socio-cultural and supra-individual nature of language and its close evolutionary and functional relation with communication in nature and society. The paper argues that the aim of many researchers to find specific genes of language or special cognitive linguistic modules are achievable only in part due to systems and social nature of language, which cannot be reduced to any individual innate or acquired abilities. Nevertheless, biological and cognitive foundations should not be excluded from the system analysis of the language and have to be studied in their integrity with other sign systems (mathematic, expressive means of art, writing system, non-verbal communication, etc.. The article also discusses new insights into the theory of evolution and their applicability to the study of the origin and development of language (in particular, the problem of gradualistic/abrupt emergence of language. It is argued that the question of the "abrupt", "punctuated" evolution of language cannot be "Darwin's problem", as a number of modern scholars believe. As an alternative to the evolution of language on the basis of "macromutations" it is offered the concept of socio-cultural evolution model based on an understanding of language as a supra-individual, sociocultural sign system that develops due to the cumulative nature of culture and plasticity of individual development
This edited volume of original chapters brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety
This paper is based on evaluating tourism development in Cyprus, a European nation, and its impacts on the socio-cultural structure of the island. The principal concern of this research is aid in sustaining the resource base on which the tourism development in Cyprus depends on. The paper concludes that in spite of all the negative and positive impacts of tourism on Cyprus it is not yet clear whether the benefits outweigh the costs. The reason for this uncertainty is that most of the research...
Full Text Available This paper is based on evaluating tourism development in Cyprus, a European nation, and its impacts on the socio-cultural structure of the island. The principal concern of this research is aid in sustaining the resource base on which the tourism development in Cyprus depends on. The paper concludes that in spite of all the negative and positive impacts of tourism on Cyprus it is not yet clear whether the benefits outweigh the costs. The reason for this uncertainty is that most of the research is done on an estimate as there is no empirical data available as yet to support either side of the equation.
Rhoten, Diana; Lutters, Wayne
The members and resources of a virtual organization are dispersed across time and space, yet they function as a coherent entity through the use of technologies, networks, and alliances. As virtual organizations proliferate and become increasingly important in society, many may exploit the technical architecture s of virtual worlds, which are the confluence of computer-mediated communication, telepresence, and virtual reality originally created for gaming. A brief socio-technical history describes their early origins and the waves of progress followed by stasis that brought us to the current period of renewed enthusiasm. Examination of contemporary examples demonstrates how three genres of virtual worlds have enabled new arenas for virtual organizing: developer-defined closed worlds, user-modifiable quasi-open worlds, and user-generated open worlds. Among expected future trends are an increase in collaboration born virtually rather than imported from existing organizations, a tension between high-fidelity recreations of the physical world and hyper-stylized imaginations of fantasy worlds, and the growth of specialized worlds optimized for particular sectors, companies, or cultures.
In the 1970's, when computers were memory limited, operating system designers created the concept of ''virtual memory'' which gave users the ability to address more memory than physically existed. In the 1990s, many large control systems have the potential for becoming data limited. We propose that many of the principles behind virtual memory systems (working sets, locality, caching, and clustering) can also be applied to data-limited systems - creating, in effect, ''virtual data systems.'' At the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), we have applied these principles to a moderately sized (10,000 data points) data acquisition and control system. To test the principles, we measured the system's performance during tune-up, production, and maintenance periods. In this paper, we present a general discussion of the principles of a virtual data system along with some discussion of our own implementation and the results of our performance measurements
... a conventional colonoscopy or a lower GI series. Disadvantages of Virtual Colonoscopy The doctor cannot take tissue ... red colored area indicates a polyp detected by computer-aided detection (CAD). Images courtesy of Dr. Ronald ...
Søndergaard, Dorte Marie
There are two questions that feed the curiosity of this paper: a theoretical question connected to the conceptualization of materiality across the real/virtual divide and an empirical question connected to the understanding of virtual experiences in childrens lives when studied in relation to bullying practices in school. The theoretical question concerns the conceptual challenges that arise from empirical data which contain 1. childrens narratives about matter and meaning as they intertwine i...
Obregón Rodríguez Carmen
Full Text Available Resumen:Como la escuela en general, el ámbito de la educación superior también nos ofrece un escenario privilegiado para recabar evidencias del carácter sociocultural del pensamiento. Fundada en las exploraciones de Vigotzky y expandida por sus seguidores, la perspectiva sociocultural establece que nuestro pensamiento en general, y las funciones mentales superiores en particular, están por definición culturalmente mediados; y que no hay forma de no estar culturalmente situados cuando llevamos a cabo una acción, usualmente acorde con los patrones aceptados por el grupo social al que se pertenece (acción mediada. A partir de estas aseveraciones, este ensayo intenta justificar la importancia de un mayor conocimiento del contexto cultural que tiene lugar al interior de la educación superior, y una mejor comprensión de las implicaciones que las diferencias disciplinarias tienen en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje; dar cuenta de algunos hallazgos de incursiones de la investigación empírica a este respecto; y cerrar enmarcando los aportes concretos de este ejercicio dentro de una eminente preocupación por encontrar nuevas formas de articular la multiculturalidad; de integrar la diversidad que nos habita y nos estructura, y que forma parte de nuestras herencias y de nuestro presente cultural.Abstract:Just like school does in a general sense, higher education creates a privileged setting for collecting evidences of the sociocultural nature of thinking. Grounded in Vygotskys explorations and extended by his colleagues, the sociocultural perspective establishes that our thinking in a broad sense, and higher psychological functioning in particular, are by definition culturally mediated; and that there is no other way than to be culturally situated when taking action, usually following patterns accepted by the social group to which one belongs (mediated action. Parting from those statements, this essay attempts to justify the importance of a better understanding of the higher educations cultural context, the implications that disciplinary differences have both for teaching and for learning; also to take into consideration some empirical research findings in the field. All this with a great concern for finding alternatives to promote interdisciplinary dialogue; and ways to understand the diversity that surrounds us and gives us structure; diversity which is part of our natural inheritance and our cultural present.
Full Text Available This article focuses on the matter of Judean (Jewish ethnic identity during the first century CE. New Testament scholarship lacks an overall interpretive framework by which Judean identity can be understood. Appreciation of what informed the entire process of Judean ethnic identity formation in the first century, or at any period for that matter, is lacking. This lack of interpretive framework is rather acute in scholarship on the historical Jesus, where the issue of Judeanness (Jewishness is most strongly debated. A Socio-Cultural Model of Judean Ethnicity is developed, as being a synthesis of (1 Sanders notion of covenantal nomism, but reappropriated to serve as an ethnic descriptor, (2 Berger and Luckmanns theories on the sociology of knowledge, (3 Dunns four pillars of Second Temple Judaism and his new perspec-tive on Paul, (4 cultural anthropology in the form of modern ethnicity theory, and lastly, (5 Dulings Socio-Cultural Model of Ethnicity. The proposed model is termed covenantal nomism. It is a pictorial representation of the Judean symbolic universe which, as an ethnic identity, is proposed to be essentially primordialist.
Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1 La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2 las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3 las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4 el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2, de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC, de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén...
Sprow Forte, Karin
This study explored the teaching and learning in an adult financial literacy education program aimed specifically at Latina single mothers to understand the influence of sociocultural factors in this setting. Informed by critical and Latina feminist sociocultural adult learning perspectives and the transtheoretical model of behavior change,
Readdy, Tucker; Watkins, Patti Lou; Cardinal, Bradley J.
Our study explored the contribution of gender role stress (GRS) and sociocultural appearance demands to symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a college sample of 219 women and 154 men. For women, five GRS subscales, sociocultural appearance demands, age, and frequency of aerobic exercise predicted MD symptoms (model R[superscript 2] = 0.33;
Rodgers, Rachel F.; Paxton, Susan J.; Chabrol, Henri
This study aimed to explore the role of depression as a moderator of sociocultural influences on eating disorder symptoms. A sample of 509 adolescents (56% female) completed self-report questionnaires assessing depression, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms and sociocultural influences on appearance from family, peers and
Dyson, Anne Haas
Argues that, even for young children, composing of both oral and written texts is sociocultural process. Highlights variation in kind of oral and written genres child uses, in kinds of discourse traditions child draws upon, and kind of relationships child author enacts with others. Discusses implications of sociocultural perspective on young
Blas, Elise A.
Sociocultural literacy guides an instructor's pedagogy in the multicultural university classroom. By employing sociocultural literacy in the information literacy classroom, the instruction librarian can better teach students from all cultures including international students, first generation students, or students from a wide array of
Djavan, Antério; Pierre Normando, Gomes-da-Silva.
Full Text Available A pesquisa objetivou analisar o significado sociocultural dos brinquedos artesanais vendidos em feiras livres. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo descritiva, de campo. Os Sujeitos participantes foram vendedores de brinquedos artesanais das feiras livres das cidades de Campina [...] Grande e João Pessoa, principais no Estado da Paraíba. Utilizou-se da entrevista semiestruturada e da observação direta com registro em diário de campo. Concluiu-se que os brinquedos artesanais apresentam importantes significados para os feirantes vendedores desses objetos, principalmente no que se refere ao período de infância vivida, ao significado intergeracional somado à história cultural do brinquedo e à realidade educacional dos Sujeitos. Abstract in english The research aimed to analyze the sociocultural meaning of craft toys sold in street fair. This is a research of qualitative, descriptive and field approach. The participants were sellers of handmade toys in the cities of Campina Grande and Joao Pessoa, the main in Paraíba State. We used the semistr [...] uctured interview and direct observation in field diary. It was concluded that the handcrafted toys have important meanings for the market trader sellers of these objects, especially with concerns to the period of childhood experienced, to the intergenerational meaning added to the cultural history of the toy and to the educational reality of the subjects.
Nguyen, Charles C.
This report presents a novel concept of force control, called virtual force control. The virtual force concept avoids sudden step transition of position control to contact force control resulting in contact force disturbance when a robot end-effector makes contact with the environment. A virtual force/position control scheme consists of two loops: the force control loop and the position control loop. While the position control loop regulates the free motion, the force control loop regulates the contact force after making contact with the environment and the virtual force measured by a range sensor called capaciflector in the virtual environment. After presenting the concept of virtual force control, the report introduces a centering scheme in which the virtual force controller is employed to measure three points on a cone so that its center can be located. Experimental results of a one-degree-of-freedom virtual force control scheme applied in berthing an orbital replaceable unit are reported and compared with those of conventional pure contact force control cases.
The primary responsibility of an intrusion detection system (IDS) operator is to monitor the system, assess alarms, and summon and coordinate the response team when a threat is acknowledged. The tools currently provided to the operator are somewhat limited: monitors must be switched, keystrokes must be entered to call up intrusion sensor data, and communication with the response force must be maintained. The Virtual tower is an operator interface assembled from low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf hardware and software; it enables large amounts of data to be displayed in a virtual manner that provides instant recognition for the operator and increases assessment accuracy in alarm annunciator and control systems. This is accomplished by correlating and fusing the data into a 360-degree visual representation that employs color, auxiliary attributes, video, and directional audio to prompt the operator. The Virtual Tower would be a valuable low-cost enhancement to existing systems
Paul, Hersch Martínez.
Full Text Available La gama de temas y problemas relacionados de alguna manera con lo "sociocultural" en la literatura biomédica amerita ser explorada. Se presenta como material de apoyo un metaanálisis sobre 998 referencias biomédicas de artículos que aluden explícitamente a lo "sociocultural" entre 1963 y 2006, las c [...] uales se han ido incrementando constantemente en la literatura biomédica a partir de 1975. Se analizan con mayor detenimiento algunos estudios relativos a México o a conjuntos sociales de origen mexicano, destacando y ejemplificando diversas implicaciones y alcances en el uso biomédico de dicho término. Todas las referencias fueron agrupadas por áreas temáticas, resaltándose un patrón diferencial en las patologías que motivan la alusión biomédica a lo "sociocultural". Las citas se presentan luego organizadas temáticamente para su consulta. La dimensión sociocultural del proceso salud/enfermedad/atención suscita diversas aproximaciones en la literatura biomédica, desde alusiones muy generales hasta caracterizaciones operativas que derivan en recomendaciones concretas, constituyendo un referente de utilidad en el proceso de definición de una posible epidemiología sociocultural. Abstract in english A meta-analysis of 998 references of articles that explicitly mention "sociocultural" factors between 1963 and 2006 in the bio-medical literature is presented as a support material for research. The citations have been increasing consistently from 1975. Some papers referring to Mexico or Mexican-ori [...] gin populations were analyzed with more thoroughness, highlighting and exemplifying diverse implications in the biomedical use of the term "sociocultural". All the references were grouped thematically and a differential pattern stood out in the pathologies that motivate the biomedical allusion to "sociocultural" factors. The references are presented, organized thematically for their consultation. The sociocultural dimension of the process health / illness / attention raises diverse approaches in the biomedical literature, comprising from very general allusions to operative characterizations translatable in concrete recommendations, being a useful referent in the definition process of a possible sociocultural epidemiology.
Full Text Available A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its nor [...] mal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.
Full Text Available A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its normal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.
Mayra Liliana Barrera Mora
Full Text Available This research started from the need of looking for ways to involve learners dynamically in classroom activities, including social issues. The study was developed with ten students (10 in tenth grade. It was carried out to explore tenth graders perceptions on gender, race and social class to report their socio-cultural stereotypes through the development of a project work called Stereotyping our Culture divided into three (3 workshops, where students dealt with different Colombian social issues while they were learning English. Data collection sources incorporated field notes to record events and ideas for further reflection, video-taping to get accurate students perceptions to confirm our impressions reported in the field notes and artifacts from workshops to perceive what students wanted to express by means of drawings or writings.
Murnen, Sarah K; Poinsatte, Katherine; Huntsman, Karen; Goldfarb, Jesse; Glaser, Daniel
In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use. Consuming sports media and watching reality television were the best media predictors of men's judgments about women's bodies. Less variability was explained in women's preferences for men partners' bodies, but endorsing adversarial sexual attitudes was positively related to judging the ideals chosen for men's bodies as important. Results were interpreted within both evolutionary and sociocultural theoretical frameworks. PMID:25462878
The notion of `opportunities to learn in mathematics education' is open to interpretation from multiple theoretical perspectives, where the focus may be on cognitive, social or affective dimensions of learning, curriculum and assessment design, issues of equity and access, or the broad policy and political contexts of learning and teaching. In this paper, I conceptualise opportunities to learn from a sociocultural perspective. Beginning with my own research on the learning of students and teachers of mathematics, I sketch out two theoretical frameworks for understanding this learning. One framework extends Valsiner's zone theory of child development, and the other draws on Wenger's ideas about communities of practice. My aim is then to suggest how these two frameworks might help us understand the learning of others who have an interest in mathematics education, such as mathematics teacher educator-researchers and mathematicians. In doing so, I attempt to move towards a synthesis of ideas to inform mathematics education research and development.
Full Text Available La premisa central de la teoría vygotskiana es que para promover el aprendizaje y, consecuentemente, el desarrollo, es necesario intervenir en el contexto socio-cultural y transformarlo. Una interpretación errónea de la teoría histórico-cultural de Vygotsky ha llevado a decir lo contrario y ha abogado por la adaptación de la enseñanza al contexto, aumentando el fracaso escolar. Este artículo ofrece evidencias del verdadero sentido transformador de la teoría de Vygotsky y muestra cómo los centros educativos de más éxito a nivel internacional comparten la implementación de actuaciones que transforman el entorno social y cultural. Los datos presentados provienen de seis estudios de casos de centros educativos de éxito realizados en cinco países europeos. Los resultados indican que esas actuaciones fomentan el aprendizaje instrumental y, consecuentemente, un desarrollo cognitivo. En todas esas actuaciones es central una didáctica que se dirige a llevar a todas las y los estudiantes a niveles de conocimiento superior.
Dalia, Ruiz Ávila.
Full Text Available Todo discurso posee una dimensión estética, cuya proporción varía de acuerdo con el tipo discursivo que se aborda y que puede ser analizada desde la interdisciplinariedad. Este trabajo se centra en el análisis del hipil que porta la mujer maya de la región de Los Chenes de la Península de Yucatán, e [...] n tanto texto constituido por códigos que interactúan y se integran a la construcción del yo/nosotros y el mundo. En esa prenda, elaborada a partir de una pieza de tela de algodón rectangular, decorada con un bordado alrededor del escote y en la orilla inferior, el diseño y los colores de las flores, hojas, animales, ramas y grecas, constituyen un lenguaje particular que trasciende el juicio estético y adquiere, en su contexto sociocultural, diversos significados para quien lo porta y para quien lo mira. Abstract in english Every discourse has an aesthetic dimension as well as a particular composition that varies according to the discursive type, which can be analyzed from an interdisciplinary perspective. This work focuses on the visual discourse of a traditional Mayan dress, made and worn by women of the Yucatan Peni [...] nsula, and known in Spanish as the "hipil." Fabricated from cotton cloth and embroidered around the neckline and the bottom edge with different motifs such as flowers, leaves, animals, branches and frets, the complex interlacing of images constitutes a particular code that holds different meanings for the wearer and the viewer. In this study I will analyze the garments that are worn in the sociocultural context of Los Chenes (Campeche).
... when a gastroenterologist has a better chance of curing the disease. However, while some gastroenterologists use a ... for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1888 ...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services The data used to populate the Helpful Contacts database is available for public usage. This functionality is primarily used by health policy researchers and the...
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Le Van Zung / ?? ??? ????
Full Text Available In the given work the general immemorial national traditional kinds of leisure activity of the population of Vietnam are examined, the basic socio-cultural factors influencing the formation of contemporary mass urban housing of Vietnam are covered. Also the basic directions of the development of the architectural organization of residential environment for leisure activity are given according to the sociocultural norms of the population in the structure of urban housing of Vietnam. The author proposes the basic ways of housing perfection under influence of socio-cultural progress in the conditions of large Vietnamese cities. / ????????? ????? ???????? ???????-???????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ????????. ???????? ???????? ?????????-?????????? ???????, ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????-???? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????. ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????, ? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????-?????????? ???? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????. ?????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????-??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????.
Rodil, Kasper; Eskildsen, Søren; Rehm, Matthias
Virtual Savannah is constructed to visualize parts of a curriculum, which the educational service at Aalborg Zoo has difficulties in teaching children visiting the zoo. It contains rich media like audio, text, video and picture galleries about African ecology, but some of this episodic information has been visualized to a further extent in order to transfer it as semantic knowledge for the children to assimilate. Three in situ tests reflected through a set of assignments which prior knowledge th...
Ernst, Erik; Ostermann, Klaus; Cook, William Randall
Virtual classes are class-valued attributes of objects. Like virtual methods, virtual classes are defined in an object's class and may be redefined within subclasses. They resemble inner classes, which are also defined within a class, but virtual classes are accessed through object instances, not as static components of a class. When used as types, virtual classes depend upon object identity - each object instance introduces a new family of virtual class types. Virtual classes support large scal...
CHEN, KUAN-YU; Liao, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Jyun-Hung; Liu, Duen-Ren
Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable v...
Eduardo Botti Abbade
Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the attitude of college students regarding to interpersonal influence in virtual social networks related to consume decisions. It was conducted a survey with 200 college students from an Institution of Higher Education located in Santa Maria/RS. The sample was obtained through voluntary adhesion and the data collection instrument was applied in a virtual environment. Scales were adapted to measure and evaluate the propensity of students to influence and be influenced by their virtual contacts. The results suggest that the scales adapted are satisfactory to measure what they intend to do. The study also found that men are more able to influence the opinions of their virtual social contacts. On the other hand, the time dedicated to access the Internet positively and significantly influences the propensity of users to be influenced by their virtual social contacts. The correlation between the ability to influence the propensity to be influenced is significant and positive.
McCabe, Marita P; Busija, Lucy; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Ricciardelli, Lina; Mellor, David; Mussap, Alexander
This study determined how sociocultural messages to change one's body are perceived by adolescents from different cultural groups. In total, 4904 adolescents, including Australian, Chilean, Chinese, Indo-Fijian, Indigenous Fijian, Greek, Malaysian, Chinese Malaysian, Tongans in New Zealand, and Tongans in Tonga, were surveyed about messages from family, peers, and the media to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles. Groups were best differentiated by family pressure to gain weight. Girls were more likely to receive the messages from multiple sociocultural sources whereas boys were more likely to receive the messages from the family. Some participants in a cultural group indicated higher, and others lower, levels of these sociocultural messages. These findings highlight the differences in sociocultural messages across cultural groups, but also that adolescents receive contrasting messages within a cultural group. These results demonstrate the difficulty in representing a particular message as being characteristic of each cultural group. PMID:25497878
Gritsenko, G. D.; Maslova, T. F.
Survey data suggest that there are several models of sociocultural strategy used by Russian students, each with a specific hierarchy of values. A typical model is the traditionalist strategy, although the achievement-oriented strategy is also quite widespread.
O'Reilly, Aileen; Ryan, Dermot; Hickey, Tina
This article reports on an empirical study of the psychosocial adaptation of international students in Ireland. Using measures of social support, loneliness, stress, psychological well-being, and sociocultural adaptation, data were obtained from international students and a comparison sample of Irish students. The study found that, although international students had high levels of social support and low levels of loneliness and stress, students were experiencing high levels of sociocultural ...
Christensen, Lisa Bøge; Twetman, Svante; Sundby, Annette
OBJECTIVES: To describe the occurrence and severity of dental caries in children and adolescents and to relate these findings to the subject's socio-cultural and socio-economic backgrounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study in 12 706 children aged 5, 7, 12 and 15 years was conducted in 2006. Data on children's caries experience were collected from public oral health registers and pooled with socio-cultural and socio-economic data obtained from official statistics. The study populatio...
Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...
Cleide Gonçalves de Sousa; Leonardo Leite Lacerda
Resumo O presente texto traz alguns pontos-chave que são característicos das atuais discussões sobre a Animação Sociocultural, e tem como objetivo contribuir com as reflexões sobre a mesma e também discutir elementos para se observar a experiência turística. A importância dessas idéias reside na necessidade de ampliar os debates sobre a Animação Sociocultural, buscando um repensar sobre a Animação Turística. Para tal intuito, utilizou-se pesquisa bibliográfica tendo como temas centrais a...
Ghimire, Mahesh Kumar Socio-Cultural and Economic Condition of Tamangs, A community case study of Nepal. Page 58, 2 appendices. Language English. Spring 2014. Diaconia University of Applied Sciences. Degree Programme in Social Services. Degree: Bachelor of Social Service. The main objective of the study area was to describe the socio-cultural and economice condition of Tamang people in Angsarang Village development committee of Panchthar district, Nepal. Research design with quantita...
Andresa Michele Godoy
Full Text Available O artigo busca no passado os elementos constituintes da cultura alimentar hospitalar, com o objetivo de encontrar as raízes históricas da alimentação em instituições hospitalares. Pressupõe-se que a dieta não seja apenas resultante de procedimentos tecnocientíficos, mas também historicamente construída, criada e recriada perante aspectos econômicos e socioculturais. Realizou-se um mapeamento inicial em arquivos universitários, municipais e hospitalares de Campinas (SP, além de entrevistas com trabalhadores dos serviços de alimentação de três instituições hospitalares. Conclui-se que a valorização de ações e intervenções associadas à tecnologia, em detrimento daquelas identificadas com o universo doméstico, pode ter contribuído para certa negligência dos hospitais com a alimentação, considerada uma área de pouca importância.The article seeks to identify the historical roots of food culture in hospital settings. It assumes that diet is not merely the result of technical and scientific concerns but is also historically constructed, created, and recreated in response to economic and sociocultural elements. The study conducted a preliminary survey of university, municipal, and hospital archives in Campinas, São Paulo, and included interviews with food service workers at three hospital institutions. Our conclusion is that more value has been placed on initiatives and actions related to technology than on initiatives identified with the domestic world; this may have contributed to a certain tendency for hospitals to neglect the issue of food, deemed of minor importance.
Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan; Wang, Chenbo; Allen, Micah; Frith, Chris; Roepstorff, Andreas; Han, Shihui
Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts, whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e. interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network. PMID:22956678
Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan
Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional MRI, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental, and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs. a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e., interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network.
Manuel, Fernández A; Hernán, Aldana V.
Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC) esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes [...] gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software) que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colon Abstract in english Since the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of [...] the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy
Manuel Fernández A
Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colonSince the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy
... Water Foods Soap People often develop irritant contact dermatitis at work. Beauticians, nurses, bartenders, and others who spend lots of time with wet hands get this. It often starts with dry, cracked hands. In time, the ... and bleeds. When a rash does not clear within a few weeks, you ...
Full Text Available An artificial environment created with co mputer hardware and software and presented to the user in such a way that it appears and feels like a real environment. To "enter" a virtual reality, a user does special gloves, earphones, and goggles, all of which receive their input from the computer system. In this way, at least three of the five senses are controlled by the computer. In addition to feeding sensory input to the user, the devices also monitor the user's actions
Othmen, Braham; PUJOLLE, GUY
Adapting virtualization concepts to satisfy many of today's network telecommunication challenges receives more and more attention. We have developed virtual environment design to allow the coexistence of virtual networks and their respective operators. In our approach, virtualized wireless access equipment are deployed to provide users more flexibility to access their services delivered by the allocated virtual networks. In this paper, we describe how we improved virtual network urbanization ...
Nicholas Charles Patterson; Michael Hobbs
Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many lega...
Garcia Rojas Martinez, Alejandra
Population of Virtual Worlds with Virtual Humans is increasing rapidly by people who want to create a virtual life parallel to the real one (i.e. Second Life). The evolution of technology is smoothly providing the necessary elements to increase realism within these virtual worlds by creating believable Virtual Humans. However, creating the amount of resources needed to succeed this believability is a difficult task, mainly because of the complexity of the creation process of Virtual Humans. E...
Hunt, Walter Lee, Jr. (Inventor)
A detection process, contact recognition process, classification process, and identification process are applied to raw sensor data to produce an identified contact record set containing one or more identified contact records. A prioritization process is applied to the identified contact record set to assign a contact priority to each contact record in the identified contact record set. Data are removed from the contact records in the identified contact record set based on the contact priorities assigned to those contact records. A first contact stream is produced from the resulting contact records. The first contact stream is streamed in a contact transport stream. The contact transport stream may include and stream additional contact streams. The contact transport stream may be varied dynamically over time based on parameters such as available bandwidth, contact priority, presence/absence of contacts, system state, and configuration parameters.
Green, Darren V S
Virtual screening of virtual libraries (VSVL) is a rapidly changing area of research. Great efforts are being made to produce better algorithms, selection methods and infrastructure. Yet, the number of successful examples in the literature is not impressive, although the quality of work certainly is high. Why is this? One reason is that these methods tend to be applied at the lead generation stage and therefore there is a large lead-time before successful examples appear in the literature. However, any computational chemist would confirm that these methods are successful and there exists a glut of start-up companies specialising in virtual screening. Moreover, the scientific community would not be focussing so much attention on this area if it were not yielding results. Even so, the paucity of literature data is certainly a hindrance to the development of better methods. The VSVL process is unique within the discovery process, in that it is the only method that can screen the > 10(30) genuinely novel molecules out there. Already, some VSVL methods are evaluating 10(13) compounds, a capacity that high throughput screening can only dream of. There is a huge potential advantage for the company that develops efficient and effective methods, for lead generation, lead hopping and optimization of both potency and ADME properties. To do this, it requires more than the software, it requires confidence to exploit the methodology, to commit synthesis on the basis of it, and to build this approach into the medicinal chemistry strategy. It is a fact that these tools remain quite daunting for the majority of scientists working at the bench. The routine use of these methods is not simply a matter of education and training. Integration of these methods into accessible and robust end user software, without dilution of the science, must be a priority. We have reached a coincidence, where several technologies have the required level of maturity predictive computational chemistry methods, algorithms that manage the combinatorial explosion, high throughput crystallography and ADME measurements and the massive increase in computational horsepower from distributed computing. The author is confident that the synergy of these technologies will bring great benefit to the industry, with more efficient production of higher quality clinical candidates. The future is bright. The future is virtual! PMID:12774691
Boogaard, B.K.; boekhorst, L.J.S.
Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisite to justify animal production within a society. The objective of the present study was therefore to gain further insights into socio-cultural sustainability of pig production. Many citizens may not know what contemporary pig production actually entails. To give people a real life experience with pig production, we conducted farm visits with citizen panels with 18 respondents in the Netherlands and 8 respondents in Denmark. In both countries, respondents were divided over two panels and each panel visited a conventional and an organic pig farm. During the farm visits respondents noted their sensory experiences what do you smell, hear, see and feel? In addition, each respondent made pictures of six positive and six negative aspects on the farms for which they had to write a motivation. The qualitative analysis resulted in seven socio-cultural themes (SCT) of pig production namely: 1) meat production, 2) farm activities, 3) farm income, 4) animals, 5) housing system, 6) environment and nature, and 7) culture and landscape. Each SCT included several socio-cultural aspects (appreciations, SCA) and socio-cultural issues (concerns, SCI). We identified 31 SCAs in the Netherlands and 33 SCAs in Denmark, of which 29 were SCIs in both countries. Although many issues were associated with animal welfare, the results also showed that social concerns of pig production extended beyond animal welfare. In general it can be stated that citizens are strongly concerned about overexploitation of animals in contemporary pig production systems, but at the same time they appreciate the dynamism in a pig farm including certain modern developments.
Hobbing is a widely used machining process to generate high precision external spur and helical gears. The life of thehob is determined by wear and other surface damage. In this report, a CAD approach is used to simulate the machiningprocess of a gear tooth slot. Incremental removal of material is achieved by identifying contact lines. The paper presentsan example of spur gear generation by means of an unworn and a worn hob. The two CAD-generated gear surfaces arecompared and showed form devi...
The main objective of the Virtual Observatory (VO) is to guarantee an easy and efficient access and analysis of the information hosted in astronomical archives. The Spanish Virtual Observatory (SVO) is a project that was born in 2004 with the goal of promoting and coordinating the VO-related activities at national level. SVO is also the national contact point for the international VO initiatives, in particular the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) and the Euro-VO project. The project, led by Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), is structured around four major topics: a) VO compliance of astronomical archives, b) VO-science, c) VO- and data mining-tools, and d) Education and outreach. In this paper I will describe the most important results obtained by the Spanish Virtual Observatory in its first ten years of life as well as the future lines of work.
Baldwin, T. E.; Poetsch, R.
All assessment of future domestic development projects assumes that the problems to be examined have been properly identified and defined before the application of a projection technique. An attempt is made to codify socio-cultural problems mentioned in literature and clarify how existing demographic projection techniques can be applied to assessing the problems. The relationship between changes in local population size and composition induced by in-migration and the potential for socio-cultural incompatibilities is described heuristically. For simplification, the problems expected to emerge from differences in demographic composition are classified into three categories: (1) service needs, such as those for housing, recreation, and education; (2) types of social organizations related to capacities for, or constraints on, reaping the benefits of rapid economic development and social changes (e.g., employment and income); and (3) attitudes, values, and cultural perspectives. These areas of concern are very broad, and quantitative projections of population size and composition are more easily related to the first than to the third. Although demographic projection provides a valuable tool for estimating future social change, the knowledge about cause and effect is not sufficient to support the quantification of socio-cultural impact. Therefore, the projections are used only as relative indicators and the assessments of socio-cultural impact based on them are qualitative only. Therefore, identification and assessment of socio-cultural impacts are a means of developing plans to overcome the expected problems.
Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Okebukola, Peter A. O.
Although recent studies have shown that the sociocultural characteristics which children in non-western society bring into the classroom from their environment create a wedge between what they are taught and what they learn, very little has been done to solve the problem. A learner who is not positively disposed to, or has a socio-cultural background that is indifferent to, learning science would find it hard to learn science effectively. This study investigated whether instruction through the use of the socio-cultural mode has any significant effect on students' attitude towards the learning of science. The sample consisted of 600 senior secondary year-one students (442 boys, 158 girls) from 15 secondary schools in Nigeria. The Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES) and the Biology Achievement Test (BAT) were used to measure the change in attitude and achievement of subjects in a pretest-posttest situation after a six-week treatment. Evidence was found to support the hypothesis that science instruction which deliberately involves the discussion of socio-cultural views about science concepts engenders positive attitudes towards the study of science. The findings also indicate that anthropomorphic and mechanistic views can be presented in such a way as to promote positive attitudes towards the study of science in traditional cultures.
Drashti Shrimal; Shraddha Singh; Deepika Rajendra Jain
For a variety of advantages, universities and other organizations are resorting to e-learning to provide instruction on-line. This paper concept of e-learning and virtual classroom. Also it discusses various existing e-learning projects like HP virtual Classroom, IBM Lotus Virtual Classroom and Elluminate Live virtual Classroom. Further it states the features proposed in our project
Purposeto present distinction between virtual organization and networked organization; giving their definitions.Design/methodology/approachreview of previous researches, systemic analyses of their findings and synthesis of distinctive characteristics of virtual organization and networked organization.Findingsthe main result of the research is key diverse features separating virtual organization and networked organization. Definitions of virtual organization and networked org...
A complex contact threefold is a threefold with a two-dimensional non-integrable holomorphic distribution. A contact curve on a contact threefold is an integrable curve of the distribution. This work was inspired by two papers of Bryant, in which he used complex contact geometry to study superminimal surfaces in four-sphere and to investigate exotic holonomies. The present paper is devoted to systematical studies of contact threefold and contact curves on them. We generalize...
Ángel GARCÍA DEL DUJO
Full Text Available RESUMEN: El trabajo parte de la necesidad de explicar pedagógicamente los llamados entornos virtuales de aprendizaje. Al amparo de los denominados enfoques sociocultural, de la cognición compartida y del aprendizaje situado, así como del paradigma CSCL, el texto trata de profundizar en una línea de reflexión pedagógica sobre las formas como actúan las nuevas tecnologías y, en última instancia, sobre las formas como tienen lugar los procesos formativos en los entornos virtuales y las consecuencias que ello tiene para su diseño y configuración en términos pedagógicos.ABSTRACT: This study derives from the need to give a pedagogical explanation of the socalled virtual learning environments. Taking into account the socio-cultural approaches of distributed cognition and situated learning, as well as the CSCL paradigm, the text seeks to delve deeper into a line of pedagogical reflection on how the new technologies act, and in the last instance, how the educational processes in virtual environments take place as well as the consequences this has for their design and configuration in pedagogical terms.SOMMAIRE: Cette étude répond au besoin d'expliquer pédagogiquement les nommés environnements virtuels d'apprentissage. Prenant en considération les approches socioculturelles, de la cognition partagée, et de l'apprentissage situé, aussi que le paradigme CSCL, le texte essaie d'approfondir dans la réflexion pédagogique concernant la façon dont les nouvelles technologies agissent et, au dernier lieu, concernant la façon dont les processus de formation ont lieu dans les environnements virtuels, ainsi que les conséquences que cela a pour sa conception et la configuration en termes pédagogiques.
A virtual camera represents the point-of-view of the player through which she perceives the game world and gets feedback on her actions. Thus, the virtual camera plays a vital role in 3D computer games and aects player experience and enjoyability in games. Interactive virtual cinematography is the process of visualising the content of a virtual environment by positioning and animating the virtual camera in the context of interactive applications such as a computer game. Camera placement and anim...
Adjei, Stephen Baffour
While sociocultural scholarship has attempted an ecological explanation of intimate partner violence, it has largely been criticized for ignoring dispositional factors of both perpetrators and victims. Dependent personality and attachment-related emotional problems have been implicated in the extant literature as major intrapsychic processes involved in the perpetration and victimization of partner abuse, particularly in Western societies. These studies largely rely on a cultural background of individualism as a social representation to explain the behaviour of both victims and perpetrators of dependency and attachment-related spousal violence as a form of a psychopathology. This article discusses partner dependency and jealousy-motivated spousal violence as socioculturally situated, dependent on contextual and relational conditions of meaning embedded in the communal society of Ghana. It highlights Ghanaian communal personality, gendered socialization and meaning systems of marriage as salient sociocultural features for conceptualizing partner dependency and emotional-related spousal violence.
Chinas transition from an injection drug-driven HIV epidemic to one primarily transmitted through sexual contact has triggered concern over the potential for HIV to move into the non-drug-injecting population. Much discussion has focused on the migrant men of Chinas vast floating population who are considered a high-risk group. As a result, many men who frequently engage in high-risk behaviour but are not included in this especially vulnerable group are evading HIV prevention messages. This paper highlights the socio-cultural and politico-economic factors that motivate many of Chinas wealthy businessmen and government officials, sometimes referred to as mobile men with money, to engage in such behaviour. Examination of the activities related to the work of these men reveals a situation where the confluence of a market-oriented economy operating within a socialist-style political system under the influence of traditional networking practices has engendered a unique mode of patron-clientelism that brings them together over shared social rituals including feasting, drinking and female-centered entertainment that is often coupled with sexual services. As a result, consideration of the socio-cultural factors influencing these mens sexual practices is important for responding to the newly emerging stage of Chinas HIV epidemic. PMID:18975228
China's transition from an injection drug-driven HIV epidemic to one primarily transmitted through sexual contact has triggered concern over the potential for HIV to move into the non-drug-injecting population. Much discussion has focused on the migrant men of China's vast 'floating population' who are considered a high-risk group. As a result, many men who frequently engage in high-risk behaviour but are not included in this especially vulnerable group are evading HIV prevention messages. This paper highlights the socio-cultural and politico-economic factors that motivate many of China's wealthy businessmen and government officials, sometimes referred to as 'mobile men with money', to engage in such behaviour. Examination of the activities related to the work of these men reveals a situation where the confluence of a market-oriented economy operating within a socialist-style political system under the influence of traditional networking practices has engendered a unique mode of patron-clientelism that brings them together over shared social rituals including feasting, drinking and female-centered entertainment that is often coupled with sexual services. As a result, consideration of the socio-cultural factors influencing these men's sexual practices is important for responding to the newly emerging stage of China's HIV epidemic. PMID:18975228
Full Text Available ... Cleveland. "This is far from the truth." In fact, it is illegal to sell colored contact lenses ... the United States. Colored Contact Lenses Colored Contacts Facts How Non-prescription Contacts Can Harm Vision Julian's ...
Full Text Available ... colored contact lenses without a prescription in the United States. All contact lenses are medical devices that require ... unapproved lenses and websites selling them in the United States. Colored Contact Lenses Colored Contacts Facts How Non- ...
Petersen, Lars Kjerulf; Andersen, Anne Holst
Any transition to a more sustainable energy system, radically reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is bound to run in to a host of different barriers - technological and economic, but also socio-cultural. This will also be the case for any large-scale application of hydrogen as energy carrier, especially if the system is going to be based on renewable energy sources. The aim of these research notes is to review and discuss major socio-cultural barriers to new forms of energy supply in general and ...
Sandra Ximena Bonilla
Full Text Available This article reports a study done with five English language teachers in Colombian rural areas. Questionnaires and interviews were used to see how these teachers understand their professional practice considering the contextual features of their regional workplaces. Amongst the findings, we noticed that these teachers have to mediate between local and global tensions and also deal with socio-cultural matches and mismatches in their labours. It is hoped this work raises awareness of critical socio-cultural factors involved in the teaching of English in rural settings and of the complexity of its intercultural dimension.
Sonderegger, Andreas; Sauer, Juergen
This article examines the influence of socio-cultural background and product value on different outcomes of usability tests. A study was conducted in two different socio-cultural regions, Switzerland and East Germany, which differed in a number of aspects (e.g. economic power, price sensitivity and culture). Product value (high vs. low) was varied by manipulating the price of the product. Sixty-four test participants were asked to carry out five typical user tasks in the context of coffee mac...
Gardner, S N; Clague, D S; Vandersall, J A; Hon, G; Williams, P L
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) stands among the keystone technologies for analysis of biological sequence data. PCR is used to amplify DNA, to generate many copies from as little as a single template. This is essential, for example, in processing forensic DNA samples, pathogen detection in clinical or biothreat surveillance applications, and medical genotyping for diagnosis and treatment of disease. It is used in virtually every laboratory doing molecular, cellular, genetic, ecologic, forensic, or medical research. Despite its ubiquity, we lack the precise predictive capability that would enable detailed optimization of PCR reaction dynamics. In this LDRD, we proposed to develop Virtual PCR (VPCR) software, a computational method to model the kinetic, thermodynamic, and biological processes of PCR reactions. Given a successful completion, these tools will allow us to predict both the sequences and concentrations of all species that are amplified during PCR. The ability to answer the following questions will allow us both to optimize the PCR process and interpret the PCR results: What products are amplified when sequence mixtures are present, containing multiple, closely related targets and multiplexed primers, which may hybridize with sequence mismatches? What are the effects of time, temperature, and DNA concentrations on the concentrations of products? A better understanding of these issues will improve the design and interpretation of PCR reactions. The status of the VPCR project after 1.5 years of funding is consistent with the goals of the overall project which was scoped for 3 years of funding. At half way through the projected timeline of the project we have an early beta version of the VPCR code. We have begun investigating means to improve the robustness of the code, performed preliminary experiments to test the code and begun drafting manuscripts for publication. Although an experimental protocol for testing the code was developed, the preliminary experiments were tainted by contaminated products received from the manufacturer. Much knowledge has been gained in the development of the code thus far, but without final debugging, increasing its robustness and verifying it against experimental results, the papers which we have drafted to share our findings still require the final data necessary for publication. The following sections summarize our final progress on VPCR as it stands after 1.5 years of effort on an ambitious project scoped for a 3 year period. We have additional details of the methods than are provided here, but would like to have legal protection in place before releasing them. The result of this project, a suite of programs that predict PCR products as a function of reaction conditions and sequences, will be used to address outstanding questions in pathogen detection and forensics at LLNL. VPCR should enable scientists to optimize PCR protocols in terms of time, temperature, ion concentration, and primer sequences and concentrations, and to estimate products and error rates in advance of performing experiments. Our proposed capabilities are well ahead of all currently available technologies, which do not model non-equilibrium kinetics, polymerase extension, or predict multiple or undesired PCR products. We are currently seeking DHS funding to complete the project, at which time licensing opportunities will be explored, an updated patent application will be prepared, and a publication will be submitted. A provisional and a full patent application have already been filed (1).
Individual classroom experiences: a sociocultural comparison for understanding efl classroom language learning Individual classroom experiences: a sociocultural comparison for understanding efl classroom language learning
Full Text Available Este trabalho compara as experiências de sala de aula (ESA de duas universitárias na aprendizagem de língua inglesa. As ESA emergiram de entrevistas individuais, onde vídeos das aulas promoveram a reflexão. A análise revelou que experiências de natureza cognitiva, social ou afetiva influem diretamente no processo de aprendizagem e as que se referem ao contexto, à história, crenças e metas dos alunos influem indiretamente no mesmo. A singularidade de algumas experiências levou à sua categorização como ESA individuais (ESAI. Ao comparar as ESAI de duas informantes, a importância da análise sociocultural do processo de aprendizagem de sala de aula fica evidente. Concluiremos com uma defesa do valor da teoria sociocultural no estudo da aprendizagem de língua estrangeira em sala de aula e com a apresentação das implicações deste estudo para pesquisadores e professores. This paper compares the classroom experiences (CEs of two university students in their process of learning English as a foreign language (EFL. The CEs emerged from individual interviews, where classroom videos promoted reflection. The analysis revealed that cognitive, social and affective experiences directly influence the learning process and that those which refer to setting, learners personal background, beliefs and goal influence the learning process indirectly. The analysis also revealed the singularity of some of these CEs that led to their categorization as individual CEs (ICEs. When comparing the ICEs of the two participants, the importance of a sociocultural analysis of the classroom learning process becomes evident. We conclude with an analysis of the value of sociocultural theory in the study of classroom EFL learning and with the implications of this study for teachers and researchers.
There is no evidence in the literature for direct comparison of the sociocultural adaptation brought by the participation of U.S. students in education abroad programs of different lengths. This study attempts to address this gap by comparing the sociocultural adaptation of education abroad students that results from their participation in both
Cseh, Maria; Ardichvili, Alexandre; Gasparishvili, Alexander; Krisztian, Bela; Nemeskeri, Zsolt
This survey-based study compared socio-cultural values and perceptions of organizational culture characteristics held by more than 3,300 managers and employees in twelve business organizations in Hungary, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. Significant differences were found between the five countries on all socio-cultural and
Gatua, Mary Wairimu
The purpose of this study was to explore the educational and sociocultural experiences of Kenyan women pursing higher education in the United States and how they negotiated their multiple identities. Using a sociocultural theoretical framework and narrative inquiry methodology, seven Kenyan immigrant women pursuing or who recently pursued advanced
Kemppainen, Raija Pini; Ferrin, Scott Ellis; Hite, Steven J.; Hilton, Sterling C.
The present research was undertaken to identify sociocultural variables that influence whether Russian-speaking parents living in Estonia choose Russian, Estonian, or bilingual (Russian and Estonian) instruction for their children. To examine which sociocultural variables are related to parents' choice of language of instruction, 346
What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects
Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates
Developments in digital interaction technologies provide new interdisciplinary fields for creative work at the intersection of design, art and technology. These technologies also present new possibilities to integrate physical spaces with interactive layers of digital information for multi-user interaction, customization and interdisciplinary collaboration. These spaces accommodate new forms of spatial and social practices, provide multimodal communication resources in physical and virtual environments, and allow individuals (or groups) to actively engage with collaborative creative experiences. The three-dimensional representation of space and the resources for non-verbal communication enable the users to interact with the digital content in more complex yet engaging ways. However, understanding the communicative resources in virtual spaces with the theoretical tools that are conventionally used to describe physical spaces become problematic, especially when we consider the affordances and constraints for mediating spatial practices with digital tools. This article proposes a multimodal social semiotic approach to the design of interactive virtual environments and virtually augmented physical spaces as new forms of technologically mediated collaborative spaces. It presents the findings of multiple case studies conducted by different 3D virtual environment technologies and interaction contexts, including screen-based virtual worlds and virtually- augmented physical spaces. The multimodal analytical perspective particularly emphasizes the role of audio-visual resources in co-creating representations for effective collaboration, and the socio-cultural factors in construction of meaningful virtual environments.
Victor A. Akujuru
Full Text Available Damages on contaminated land have been mostly assessed for developments subsisting on the land, neglecting the goods and services derived from the land which possess only socio-cultural values. This paper aims to ascertain the importance of socio-cultural values in the total economic value of contaminated land, drawing from the experience of a coastal community oil spillage in the Niger Delta. The paper examines what constitutes a valuable interest on contaminated land and how socio-cultural factors are valued in the damage assessment process. After reviewing the literature and decided cases, a questionnaire survey was conducted and a sample valuation report was analysed. It is concluded that there exists a socio-cultural interest on contaminated land which professional valuers do not reflect in damage assessment claims. It is recommended that any comprehensive damage assessment requires the incorporation of socio-cultural values in the valuations.
Reyna Sámano, Sámano; Estela Godinez, Martínez; Irma Romero, Pérez; Georgina Sánchez, Miranda; José Manuel Espíndola, Polis; Mayra Lilia Chávez, Courtois.
Full Text Available Para favorecer una alimentación correcta la orientación alimentaria debe considerar factores socioculturales que condicionen patrones y preferencias del consumo de alimentos propios de cada población. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el contexto sociocultural del embarazo y su aliment [...] ación en el ámbito doméstico, mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 6 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo bajo la técnica de saturación de la información. Las entrevistas se transcribieron y analizaron de acuerdo a Bardín con ayuda del programa Atlas TI. Se identificó: incertidumbre por el embarazo no planeado y poco apoyo de la pareja; ciertos cambios en la alimentación para mejorar la salud; percepción de una mala y buena alimentación, aunque ésta no cumplía con las características de una dieta correcta; omisión de la cena y del grupo de verduras y frutas. Las encargadas de preparar y servir los alimentos no siempre fueron las mujeres embarazadas; los alimentos percibidos peligrosos fueron consumidos y los benéficos presentaron consumo escaso. Resaltó la necesidad de capacitar a los profesionales de la salud para considerar al contexto sociocultural en la orientación alimentaria que proporcionen. Abstract in english To promote a healthy diet, the dietary guidance should consider socio-cultural factors as they influence both the food standards and preferences of each population. The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural contexts of pregnancy and feeding in the domestic arena, using a qualitative a [...] pproach. In-depth interviews were conducted using the data saturation technique with six women experiencing high-risk pregnancy. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin method and the IT Atlas program. The following aspects were identified: uncertainty due to unplanned pregnancy and limited partner support; a few dietary changes to improve health; perception of bad and good feeding habits, although it did not comply with the characteristics of a good diet; omission of fruit and vegetable group from dinner. The people in charge of preparing and serving food were not always the pregnant woman; food products perceived as being harmful were consumed and beneficial products were rarely consumed. This highlighted the need to train professionals to consider the socio-cultural context when providing dietary guidance.
Bowden, W. Patrick; Rhodes, Scott D.; Wilkin, Aimee M.; Jolly, Christine P.
Latinos in the United States have been disproportionately affected by the intersecting epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Using a community-based participatory research approach to problem identification, the objective of this study is to explore sociocultural determinants of HIV/AIDS risk and service use among immigrant Latino
Swartz, Daniel B.
This study examined four male homosexual, sociocultural groups: normal-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with hearing-impaired parents, and hard-of-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents. Differences with regard to self-perception, identity, and attitudes were
O'Reilly, Aileen; Ryan, Dermot; Hickey, Tina
This article reports on an empirical study of the psychosocial adaptation of international students in Ireland. Using measures of social support, loneliness, stress, psychological well-being, and sociocultural adaptation, data were obtained from international students and a comparison sample of Irish students. The study found that, although
This article introduces the notion of "contemporary" play in relation to existing ideas about children's play, learning and development from a sociocultural perspective. The need to think about the nature of contemporary play is considered in response to arguments suggesting that the quality of children's play has declined in
Silva, Silvia Morales; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan
In this study, the socio-cultural variation in reading comprehension development was examined in 331 fifth graders from schools in Lima, Peru. Reading comprehension was measured using an adaptation of the PIRLS Reading Literacy test. The fifth graders' reading comprehension results, measured over the course of fifth grade, were related to the
As a lens through which to read and understand a subject area and its curriculum content and issues, a sociocultural perspective is a recent and arguably significant change for the Health and Physical Education (HPE) Key Learning Area (KLA) in Australia. Its significance lies, first, in the fact that it seems to represent a notable departure from
Hennessy, Sara; Deaney, Rosemary; Ruthven, Kenneth
This article draws on socio-cultural learning theory as a conceptual framework for analysing how teachers structure classroom activities and interactions during "Technology-integrated Instructional Conversations" (TICs). It reports on a collaborative programme of small-scale projects undertaken by 15 teacher-researchers using various forms of
Full Text Available Las reflexiones que en el presente texto se elaboran son resultado de un proceso de investigación que busca develar la interacción existente entre ciencia, tecnología y sociedad en el escenario sociocultural de la IXRegión de la Araucania, Chile. El análisis de la imagen y el tipo de relación que las producciones cientrjiicas establecen con la realidad sociocultural regional marcan los objetivos del estudio. Algunos insumos de orden cuantitativo que consideramos, ilustrativos en relación a la lógica e intencionalidad de los proyectos de investigación e innovación tecnológica ejecutados, sirven de base para indagar en tomo a cómo se configura lo sociocultural desde la racionalidad científica. El estudio se ha centrado en los proyectos FONDECYT Y FONDEF desde 1994 (existen otros "actores" que se abocan aldesarrollo científico en la región, ya que éstos representan la mayor producción y más legitima desde el discurso de la ciencia normal como ciencia oficial a nivel de desarrollo científico e innovación tecnológica. Las interpretaciones construidas tienen como referente teórico principal los Estudios Sociales de Ciencia y Tecnologia, apoyándose igualmente en consideraciones provenientes de la Filosofía de la Ciencia y el Análisis Sociocultural.
In contrast to the traditional cognitive view of writing strategies, this study explores English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' writing strategy use within the Activity Theory framework, adding to the growing body of writing strategy research and sociocultural research on writing and second language acquisition (SLA). Drawing on data
Herman, Benjamin C.
The science education field readily recognizes that perceptions about science's claims and nature influence socioscientific decision making. However, sociocultural factors may overshadow these perceptions when people are forced to make personally impacting choices contextualized within actual socioscientific issues. This investigation
Larrotta, Clarena; Serrano, Arlene F.
This qualitative study reports the findings implementing a pen pal letter exchange project between adult English language learners and volunteer native English speakers. The pen pal project was implemented using a holistic and socio-cultural approach to English literacy development. This article presents pen pal writing as an authentic language
Davids, Melva P.
The paper, "Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica." examines how the narratives of students can offer useful understanding and insights into their attitudes and achievements in second language acquisition. These situations are specific to Creole-speaking learning environments in Jamaica
Eun, Barohny; Lim, Hye-Soon
The process of second-language teaching is grounded in the sociocultural theory of Vygotsky, which emphasizes meaningful interaction among individuals as the greatest motivating force in human development and learning. In this theoretical framework, the concepts of meaning and mediation are considered as the two essential elements affecting an
Dongyu, Zhang; Fanyu, B.; Wanyi, Du
This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT). In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky's theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA) and second language learning (SLL) research papers. These concepts lay the
Sablina, Svetlana; Kopiatina, Olga
Higher educational institutions throughout the world are involved in communication with each other, exchanging instructional ideas and practices, as well as exchanging students through a number of international mobility programs. This paper examines sociocultural adaptation of international students with special attention to the dimensions of
Privileging the voices of 12 recent Chinese immigrant adolescents, this multiple-case narrative study examined their home and school experiences from the critical sociocultural perspective. The adolescent stories about home testified to the significant influence of immigrant poverty, parental sacrificial altruism, and disciplinary Chinese
Baumgartner, Lisa M.
Contexts influence the experience of disease. In this study, I examined how the sociocultural context (e.g., race, class, gender, and sexual orientation) affected the experience of living with HIV/AIDS and the incorporation of the HIV/AIDS identity into the self. I interviewed 36 individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Findings indicate that race,
Full Text Available The outlook of Behaviorism School and the outlook of Sociocultural historical School are representative and have major impacts on world psychology. In the hope of having a few inspirations for the contemporary educational practice, this paper makes comparative analysis of the two outlooks on the basis of explaining them.
Sherwood, Nancy E.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne
Surveyed adolescent girls regarding body dissatisfaction, dieting, and internalization of sociocultural values, media-influenced knowledge, acceptance of varied body shapes, and media exposure. Girls understood media influence on self-image and behavior and accepted varied body shapes. Significant numbers reported dissatisfaction with weight and
Ricciardelli, Lina A.; McCabe, Marita P.
The study examined the role of body dissatisfaction, body image importance, sociocultural influences (media and parent and peer encouragement), self-esteem and negative affect on body change strategies to decrease weight and increase muscles in adolescent boys and girls. Surveys were administered to 587 boys and 598 girls aged between 11 and 15
Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga
In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin
Zimmerman, Lynn W.
This collection of essays examines the historical, social, cultural, and educational foundations of ESL/EFL/Bilingual Education. The four themes of this book are: (1) Historical, Legal and Political Foundations of Bilingual/ESL Education; (2) Linguistic and Sociocultural Issues in ESL/EFL Education; (3) Educational Reform and English Language
Blaka, Gunnhild; Filstad, Cathrine
The aim of this article is to develop the foundations of a socio-cultural approach and to determine how this shapes our perception of a newcomer's construction of identity in two different workplaces: a high-technology delivery ward with newly employed midwives and a real estate agency with newly employed real estate agents. We explore how
Nasir, Na'ilah Suad
In this article, I explore the relation between the sociocultural and individual cognitive structuring as elementary school students, high school students, and adults play the strategic game of dominoes. I present data from a study in which players at each level were observed and video-recorded during domino tournament play. Findings reveal the
Nicolas de, Warren.
Full Text Available Nas discussões contemporâneas acerca de "realidade virtual", "ciberespaço" e "mundos virtuais" falta frequentemente uma reflexão filosófica substancial sobre a função da imaginação sem a qual a realidade virtual não seria nem virtual nem realidade. Neste artigo, eu ensaio um tratamento fenomenológic [...] o da realidade virtual e do imaginário ao desenvolver algumas ideias-chave nas reflexões fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre a imaginação, consciência de imagem, encarnação e "irrealização" da subjetividade por meio do imaginário. Abstract in english Contemporary discussions of "virtual reality," "cyber-space" and "virtual worlds" often lack a substantial philosophical reflection on the function of the imagination without which virtual reality would be neither virtual nor a reality. In this paper, I attempt a phenomenological treatment of virtua [...] l reality and the imaginary by developing key insights in Husserl's phenomenological reflections on the imagination, image-consciousness, embodiment and the "irrealization" of subjectivity through the imaginary.
Renzi, Ronald (90 Arroyo Seco Way, Tracy, San Joaquin County, CA 95376)
A method for providing a realistic sense of touch in virtual reality by means of programmable actuator assemblies is disclosed. Each tactile actuator assembly consists of a number of individual actuators whose movement is controlled by a computer and associated drive electronics. When an actuator is energized, the rare earth magnet and the associated contactor, incorporated within the actuator, are set in motion by the opposing electromagnetic field of a surrounding coil. The magnet pushes the contactor forward to contact the skin resulting in the sensation of touch. When the electromagnetic field is turned off, the rare earth magnet and the contactor return to their neutral positions due to the magnetic equilibrium caused by the interaction with the ferrous outer sleeve. The small size and flexible nature of the actuator assemblies permit incorporation into a glove, boot or body suit. The actuator has additional applications, such as, for example, as an accelerometer, an actuator for precisely controlled actuations or to simulate the sensation of braille letters.
Virtualization is not a new technology, but has recently experienced a resurgence of interest among industry and research. New products and technologies are emerging quickly, and are being deployed with little considerations to security concerns. It is vital to understand that virtualization does not improve security by default. Hence, any aspect of virtualization needs to undergo constant security analysis and audit. Virtualization is a changeable and very dynamic field wit...
Investigating virtual team collaboration in industry using grounded theory this paper presents the in-dept analysis of empirical work conducted in a global organization of 100.000 employees where a global virtual team with participants from Sweden, United Kingdom, Canada, and North America were studied. The research question investigated is how collaboration is negotiated within virtual teams? This paper presents findings concerning how collaboration is negotiated within a virtual team and elabo...
Virtual universities and work-place virtual institutes are seen, more and more, as a solution to the huge education demand of the knowledge society. I will limit my subject here to the design of Virtual Learning Centers, seen as the pedagogical heart of a virtual educational institution. This is where courses or learning events are designed, constructed and delivered using the Internet and its many communication possibilities. Many models are available for these learning events. High-tech cla...
Data is growing at an alarming rate. Storage administrators are struggling to handle a spiraling volume of documents, images, audio and video files and large emails. Virtualization is a general term that could be applied to: storage systems, databases and networks. In this article, I present an overview of server virtualization architecture. I also specify the goals and benefits of virtualization for a SMB. The article points out some issues about server virtualization: definition, implementi...
Rothbaum, BO; Hodges, L.; Kooper, R
It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real-time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer- generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first control...
The European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usually controlled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community. (European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last few years as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field of virtual currencies has been mainly uncharted ...
Full Text Available This paper presents an overview of virtualization .The first part covers the various Virtualization approaches. The second part covers the requirements for virtualization and its working. The third part covers its applications. In the final part the challenges and security issues are discussed.
What exactly is virtualization? As this concise book explains, virtualization is a smorgasbord of technologies that offer organizations many advantages, whether you're managing extremely large stores of rapidly changing data, scaling out an application, or harnessing huge amounts of computational power. With this guide, you get an overview of the five main types of virtualization technology, along with information on security, management, and modern use cases. Topics include: Access virtualization-Allows access to any application from any deviceApplication virtualization-Enables applications
Sonia Rodríguez Fernández
Full Text Available Los principales avances educativos y el actual auge de los modelos de formación se deben a la incorporación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, así como a la aplicación de elementos pedagógicos provenientes de aproximación sociocultural. Desde este enfoque educativo, la comunicación es un elemento esencial en los procesos de aprendizaje y enseñanza, por tanto, estas herramientas, entendidas como artefactos tecnológicos de producción cultural, ofrecen un excelente soporte innovador, permitiendo contar con entornos virtuales de aprendizaje, como las ofrecidas por las plataformas para el aprendizaje colaborativo mediado por ordenador (CSCL que favorecen la comunicación, la mediación y la construcción compartida del conocimiento (coconstrucción. La comunicación virtual es uno de los aspectos esenciales en la formación a distancia como también lo es la formación semipresencial (blended learning, que comienza a adquirir un importante papel en contextos presenciales que utilizan estos entornos como instancias complementarias destinadas a extender la clase fuera de las fronteras del aula. En este sentido, es relevante un aporte de las diversas experiencias telemáticas de aprendizaje que usan modalidades de aprendizaje cooperativo o colaborativo en entornos virtuales. En el trabajo que presentamos se organizan y describen experiencias de aprendizaje cooperativo y colaborativo mediado por ordenador con estudiantes de diferentes niveles educativos. Los resultados y conclusiones de dichas experiencias evidencian una mejora de habilidades sociales, habilidades comunicativas, motivación y rendimiento académico independientemente del tipo de modalidad de aprendizaje compartido.The main advances in education and the current expansion of training models are due to the incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs, as well as pedagogical elements arising from the socio-cultural approach. Communication is an essential element in the processes of teaching and learning in this educational approach. Therefore, ICTs offer us an excellent innovative support, allowing use to make use of such virtual learning environments as Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning (CSCL, which enables communication, mediation and knowledge construction. Virtual communication is one of the essential elements in blended learning, and it is even starting to play an important role in traditional teaching environments. In this regard, we consider that a contribution from different teaching and learning experiences in virtual scenarios (Synergeia; BSCW; Moodle is necessary. In this article, we describe several cooperative and collaborative computer-mediated learning experiences with students of different educational levels. The results and conclusions on Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning experiences reveal an improvement in motivation, academic performance and the development of social and communication skills, regardless of the use of cooperative (cooperative learning techniques or collaborative learning.
Igor, Esnaola; Arantzazu, Rodríguez; Alfredo, Goñi.
Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas [...] en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a) conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b) una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c) mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d) una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1) La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2) las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3) las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida) son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4) el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC), de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén. Los resultados obtenidos proporcionan una visión más completa que la hasta ahora disponible acerca de las relaciones entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida en las distintas etapas de
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... Health and Consumer Devices Consumer Products Contact Lenses Contact Lens Risks Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More ... redness blurred vision swelling pain Serious Hazards of Contact Lenses Symptoms of eye irritation can indicate a ...
Àngel, Alsina; Marta, Domingo.
Full Text Available Neste estudo avalia-se a adequação de um protocolo para o ensino do conceito de poliedro regular, para alunos entre 14 e 15 anos. Este protocolo foi concebido a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e a sua avaliação assenta na aplicação de critérios de adequação didática segundo o enfoque ontosem [...] iótico. A adequação é estudada por uma revisão das suas várias dimensões: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional e ecológica. A análise permitiu detectar alguns fatores que favorecem a validade do protocolo e a adequação para a sua utilização em sala de aula, como o tipo de discurso, o uso de material manipulável ou o trabalho cooperativo. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se evalúa la adecuación de un protocolo para la enseñanza del concepto de poliedro regular, destinado a alumnos de 14 y 15 años. Este protocolo se ha diseñado desde una perspectiva sociocultural y su evaluación se basa en la aplicación de los criterios de idoneidad didáctica que ofre [...] ce el enfoque ontosemiótico. La idoneidad se estudia con la revisión de sus diferentes dimensiones: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional y ecológica. El análisis ha permitido detectar algunos factores que favorecen la validez del protocolo y la adecuación para su empleo en el aula, como el tipo de discurso, el uso de material manipulable o el trabajo cooperativo. Abstract in english This study evaluates the suitability of a protocol for teaching the concept of regular polyhedra to students of 14 and 15 years of age. The protocol has been designed from a sociocultural angle and its evaluation is based on the application of didactical suitability criteria which offers an ontosemi [...] otic approach. Suitability is studied by looking at its different dimensions: mathematical, cognitive, interactional, mediational, emotional and ecological. The analysis has enabled some factors to be identified which support the validity of the protocol and its suitability for use in the classroom, namely, the type of discourse, use of manipulable materials and cooperative work.
Processos de significação na relação professor-alunos: uma perspectiva sociocultural construtivista Meaning processes in the relationship teacher-students: a sociocultural and constructivist point of view
Maria Carmen Villela Rosa Tacca
Full Text Available Neste artigo consideramos que o fracasso escolar é um fenômeno persistente que exige análises empíricas e teóricas acerca dos processos de significação envolvidos na dinâmica das interações professor-aluno relacionados com as relações ensino-aprendizagem. Com base na abordagem sociocultural construtivista, o estudo analisa a interação de fatores socioculturais com a participação ativa do indivíduo, destacando a unidade cognição-afeto. Os processos interativos atuam como mobilizadores da construção do conhecimento ao longo de convergências e divergências nas interações, especialmente nas negociações quanto aos objetivos e desenvolvimento de atividades pedagógicas. Duas turmas de segunda série do ensino fundamental foram investigadas, sendo destacados os resultados de análises microgenéticas das interações, que apontaram para crenças e estratégias comunicativas e metacomunicativas que podem favorecer ou dificultar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem. A conclusão aponta para o fato dos processos de significação estarem apoiados na metacomunicação e na unidade cognição-afeto, que direcionam as possibilidades de aprendizagem.School failure consists of a persistent problem in our educational system. This paper aims at contributing to understand the issue by presenting and theoretically discussing empirical data concerning the dynamics of teacher-students interactions. We draw our analysis on a constructivist sociocultural theoretical framework, which stresses the interactions between sociocultural factors and human agency, claiming for the unison, intertwined nature of affect and cognition. Interactive processes lie at the basis of knowledge construction, which takes place along convergent and divergent interaction frames, particularly during negotiations about goals and rules for educational activities. Two second-grade classrooms were investigated, the results of microgenetic analysis being especially highlighted and discussed. We show how communicative and metacommunicative strategies, together with teacher beliefs, may promote or inhibit teaching-learning processes. We conclude by discussing how meaning construction processes are profoundly intermingled with the affective-cognitive dimension of human development, and how it may decisively contribute to learning possibilities.
TOMÁS, PETERS NÚÑEZ.
Full Text Available El presente artículo demuestra la afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta de participación y consumo cultural 2009, de Chile, se muestra evidencia estadística de que el consumo cultural mantiene una ainidad electiva con las valoracion [...] es democráticas, políticas, sociales y ciudadanas de los consumidores. Esta tendencia también es observable entre las personas que pertenecen a segmentos de la población con bajos ingresos económicos, pero que realizan un alto consumo cultural. Con base en las actuales discusiones sobre el estudio del consumo cultural, el artículo desarrolla una reflexin teórica sobre el concepto de consumo cultural y su interrelación con otras dimensiones sociales y políticas. Se discuten los usos del concepto en los estudios sobre consumo cultural en América Latina y se propone una definición que considere las valoraciones que los sujetos hacen sobre los procesos socioculturales que vivencian. Abstract in english This article demonstrates the elective affinity between cultural consumption and socio-cultural perception. Based on the data gathered by the Encuesta de participación y consumo culturóal 2009 ("2009 cultural participation and consumption poll"), in Chile, we came out with statistical evidence that [...] proves that cultural consumption holds an elective afinity with the democratic, political, and social assessments of the consumers of cultural goods and services. This trend can also be observed among people who make part of the low income segments of the population, but that in fact consume high doses of culture. Thus, starting with the current discussions around the studies of cultural consumption, the article develops a theoretical reflection on the concept of cultural consumption and its interrelations with other social and political dimensions. We discuss the uses to which the concept is subjected to in cultural consumption studies in Latin America and we propose a deinition that takes in consideration the assessments that people make of the socio-cultural processes that they experience.
Pérez Alarcón, Adoració
Es presenta el concepte de biblioteca virtual tal com es desenvolupa a la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya una institució d'educació a distància que proporciona educació universitària. La UOC basa l'organització del seu model educatiu en l'explotació del paradigma del Campus Virtual i en l'ús de les darreres tecnologies disponibles en telemàtica, ordinadors personals i multimèdia. En aquest context, la Biblioteca Virtual de la UOC s'ofereix com un nou model del servei de biblioteca, flexible i...
Nicholas Charles Patterson
Full Text Available Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many legal, social and technological issues. The software used to access virtual worlds is of great importance as they form the primary interface to these worlds and as such the primary interface to conduct virtual property theft. The security vulnerabilities of virtual world applications have not, to date, been examined. This study aims to use the process of software inspection to discover security vulnerabilities that may exist within virtual world software vulnerabilities that enable virtual property theft to occur. Analyzing three well know virtual world applications World of Warcraft, Guild Wars and Entropia Universe, this research utilized security analysis tools and scenario testing with focus on authentication, trading, intruder detection and virtual property recovery. It was discovered that all three examples were susceptible to keylogging, mail and direct trade methods were the most likely method for transferring stolen items, intrusion detection is of critical concern to all VWEs tested, stolen items were unable to be recovered in all cases and lastly occurrences of theft were undetectable in all cases. The results gained in this study present the key problem areas which need to be addressed to improve security and reduce the occurrence of virtual property theft.
La adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural en alumnos búlgaros del español como lengua extranjera / Sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of Bulgarian students of Spanish as a foreign language
Full Text Available Dedicamos este estudio a la adecuación como un componente de la competencia sociolingüística, sociocultural e intercultural en español como lengua extranjera. Para ello, realizamos un tipo de investigación estadística cuantitativa con el programa SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions), [...] en la que aplicamos el análisis descriptivo y el inferencial. El instrumento del estudio es un cuestionario y los participantes son 59 alumnos de origen búlgaro que estudian el español como lengua extranjera en situación de no inmersión. Los niveles de español de los participantes son B1, C1 y C2. Los objetivos de la investigación se han centrado en analizar algunos aspectos de la adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural de los alumnos, además de la relación entre la adecuación y el grado de formación (nivel de estudios del español). Nos interesa también observar en qué grado y en qué niveles los alumnos tienden a trasladar a la lengua y la cultura meta pautas de conducta de su propia cultura. Pretendemos fomentar la concienciación sobre la importancia de la adecuación intercultural, pues partimos del supuesto de que se debe enseñar la cultura de una lengua de manera progresiva en todos los niveles, planificando los objetivos y los contenidos y aumentando el grado de dificultad en función del nivel de competencia lingüística y sin perjudicar al resto de las competencias. Abstract in english This paper approaches the issue of adequacy as a component of sociolinguistic, sociocultural and intercultural competence in the learning of Spanish as a foreign language. To accomplish this aim, we carry out a quantitative statistical type of research with the software SPSS 17 (Statistical Product [...] and Service Solutions), in which we apply a descriptive and inferential analysis. The instrument used is a questionnaire and the participants are 59 Bulgarian students who study Spanish as a foreign language in a non-immersion context. The levels of the participants are B1, C1 and C2. It is our purpose to analyse some aspects concerning the sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of students, amongst them the relation between adequacy and level of Spanish of the participants. Likewise, we pay attention to the degree in which the students tend to transfer to the target language and culture patterns pertaining to their own culture. We seek to raise awareness about the importance of intercultural adequacy, because we believe that culture of a foreign language must be taught progressively in all levels. Objectives and contents need to be planned carefully, and the degree of complexity must increase according to the linguistic competence of students, without letting aside other competences.
Ji Son, Jang.
Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un análisis intercultural de la sociedad medellinense y la japonesa, teniendo en cuenta la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, con el fin de que sirva de apoyo para los aprendices de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera. Como punto de parti [...] da, se acude a nociones como pragmática en interlengua, transferencia pragmática y el modelo de la cortesía verbal de Brown y Levinson (1987), junto con las nociones de face flattering acts (FFAs), cortesía mitigadora, cortesía valorizante, imagen de autonomía y afiliación, y los contenidos concretos de estas últimas dos categorías. El corpus del estudio se basa en algunos episodios recogidos en Medellín y en Japón. El análisis se centra en algunos actos de habla, especialmente en las relaciones interpersonales no solidarias. En este tipo de relaciones, en la sociedad medellinense se prefiere salvar la imagen positiva, y en la japonesa, la imagen negativa. Es importante señalar explícitamente la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, no sólo a los aprendices avanzados de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera, sino también a los principiantes. Abstract in english This paper presents an intercultural analysis between the Medellin and the Japanese society, taking into account the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another, to serve as support for second language learners or foreign language. As a starting point, there are notions [...] of interlanguage pragmatics, pragmatic transfer and the model of politeness of Brown and Levinson (1987) with its alternatives. The corpus of the study is based on some episodes collected in Medellin and in Japan. The analysis focuses on some speech acts, especially in non-solidarity interpersonal relationships. In such relationships, in Medellin society is preferred to save the positive face and in the Japanese, the negative face. It is important to teach the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another explicitly not only to advanced learners of a second or foreign language, but beginners.
We review Giroux's contact handles and contact handle attachments in dimension three and show that a bypass attachment consists of a pair of contact 1 and 2-handles. As an application we describe explicit contact handle decompositions of infinitely many pairwise non-isotopic overtwisted 3-spheres. We also give an alternative proof of the fact that every compact contact 3-manifold (closed or with convex boundary) admits a contact handle decomposition, which is a result origin...
Duriez, Christian; Kheddar, Abderrahmane; Andriot, Claude
A new computer haptics algorithm to be used in general interactive manipulations of deformable virtual objects is presented. In multimodal interactive simulations, haptic feedback computation often comes from contact forces. Subsequently, the fidelity of haptic rendering depends significantly on contact space modeling. Contact and friction laws between deformable models are often simplified in up to date methods. They do not allow a "realistic" rendering of the subtleties of contact space physical phenomena (such as slip and stick effects due to friction or mechanical coupling between contacts). In this paper, we use Signorini's contact law and Coulomb's friction law as a computer haptics basis. Real-time performance is made possible thanks to a linearization of the behavior in the contact space, formulated as the so-called Delassus operator, and iteratively solved by a Gauss-Seidel type algorithm. Dynamic deformation uses corotational global formulation to obtain the Delassus operator in which the mass and s...
Liviu Gabriel CRETU
One of the most used buzz-words in (e-)business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is touched by the computers processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive line ...
Festival da loucura e a dimensão sociocultural da Reforma Psiquiátrica / Madness festival and socio-cultural dimension of the Psychiatric Reform / Festival de la locura y la dimensión sociocultural de la Reforma Psiquiátrica
Nadja Cristiane Lappann, Botti; Michele Cecília Silva, Torrézio.
Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva discutir os significados do Festival da Loucura realizado em Barbacena. Realizada análise documental das reportagens publicadas, no período de 2006 a 2010, nos jornais de circulação local, estadual e nacional. Os dados foram analisados sob o referencial metodológico do Discurso [...] do Sujeito Coletivo. Os significados do Festival da Loucura identificados foram: evento de múltipla parceria, inusitado, acadêmico-cultural, turístico-cultural, polêmico, mudança de paradigma e resgate histórico. Os significados encontrados do Festival da Loucura expressam a dimensão sociocultural do processo da Reforma Psiquiátrica e apontam que para entender a mudança de paradigma na saúde mental e compreender as alterações da política de atenção necessita-se de uma abordagem histórica, política e social. Abstract in spanish Este estudio tiene como objetivo discutir los significados del Festival de la locura celebrado en Barbacena. Presenta un análisis documental de los artículos publicados en el período 2006-2010, en los periódicos locales, estatales y de circulación nacional. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con [...] el marco metodológico del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Se identificaron significados del Festival de la locura: evento colaboración múltiple, inusual, académico y cultural, turístico y cultural, polémico, cambio de paradigma y recuperación histórica. Los significados encuentran el Festival de la Locura expresar la dimensión sociocultural del proceso de reforma psiquiátrica y señalan que para entender el cambio de paradigma en la salud mental y entender los cambios de la política de las necesidades es un enfoque histórico, político y social. Abstract in english This study aims to discuss the meanings of madness festival held in Barbacena. Realized documental analysis of published reports, the period 2006 to 2010, newspapers in local, state and national. Data were analyzed from the methodological framework of the Collective Subject Discourse. The meanings o [...] f madness festival identified were: event of multiple partners, unexpected, academic, cultural, tourist, controversial, paradigm shift and a historical. The meanings found express the socio-cultural dimension of the process of Psychiatric Reform and points out that to understand the paradigm shift in mental health and understand the policy changes requires attention to a historical, political and social.
Educação infantil, cooperação e competição: análise microgenética sob uma perspectiva sociocultural / Cooperation and competition in Early Education: a microgenetic analysis from a sociocultural approach / Educación infantil, cooperación y competición: análisis micro genéticabajo una perspectiva socio-cultural
Marilícia Witzler Antunes, Palmieri; Angela Uchoa, Branco.
Full Text Available O estudo analisa as práticas de socialização promovidas no contexto da educação infantil a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural construtivista do desenvolvimento humano. Seu objetivo foi investigar a promoção e/ou inibição de diferentes modalidades de interdependência humana (cooperação, competiç [...] ão e individualismo) articuladas às interações específicas e às orientações para crenças e valores sociais a elas associadas. Para tanto, realizou-se a análise dos padrões de interação social apresentados por duas professoras e seus alunos de 4 a 6 anos. Os resultados mostram a promoção de padrões de interação individualista e competitivo sendo observado reduzido incentivo à experiência coletiva da cooperação, seja na estrutura e dinâmica das atividades diárias, seja durante a sessão estruturada pela professora e analisada em nível microgenético. Abstract in spanish El artículo analiza las prácticas de socialización promovidas en el contexto de la educación infantil a partir de una perspectiva socio-cultural constructivista del desarrollo humano. Su objetivo fue investigar la promoción y/o inhibición de diferentes modalidades de interdependencia humana (coopera [...] ción, competición e individualismo) articuladas a las interacciones específicas y a las orientaciones para creencias y valores sociales presentados por dos profesoras y sus alumnos de 4 a 6 años. Los resultados muestran la promoción de patrones de interacción individualista y competitivo, siendo observado un incentivo reducido a la experiencia colectiva de la cooperación, sean estructura y dinámica de las actividades diarias o sea durante la sesión estructurada por la profesora y analizada a nivel micro genético. Abstract in english The study analyzed socialization practices promoted within early education settings from a sociocultural constructivist perspective on human development. It aimed at investigating the promotion and/or inhibition of different modes of human interdependency, namely, cooperation, competition and indivi [...] dualism, which are associated with specific social interactions, and values/beliefs orientations. Social interaction patterns presented by two teachers and their respective 4 to 6 year-old children were analyzed in two different educational contexts. Results showed the promotion of individualistic interactive patterns and competive, with almost no incentive to peer cooperation, neither at a daily basis nor at the level of the teacher-planned structured activity, which was microanalyzed.
Full Text Available Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al aborda [...] r: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo): los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos) de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales. Abstract in english This work was done based on the Historial-Cultural Psychology perspective. It emphasizes the Problem Solving as a High Psychological Function linked with other psychological functions such us: language, thinking, reasoning etc.. It presents a sociocultural reflection on Cognitive Problem Solving whe [...] n approaching: 1. The productive thinking (creative): the research methods and the instruments (tools, artefacts) of mediation; 2. The cognitive science: the information process system, the distributed cognition and the mental actions formation; 3. The sociocognitive conflict: the social interactions, the structuring conflict, the sociocognitive regulation and the zone of proximal development. It concludes with the need of forming the problem solving by: developing the productive thinking, the cognitive strategies, and the analysis of concepts and social facts.
Singer, S M; Willms, D G; Adrien, A; Baxter, J; Brabazon, C; Leaune, V; Godin, G; Maticka-Tyndale, E; Cappon, P
This paper presents the results of Phase II of the Ethnocultural Communities Facing AIDS Study, the sociocultural investigation of factors contributing to risk behaviour associated with HIV/AIDS in six ethnocultural communities in Canada in three urban sites. In Vancouver, the South Asian and Chinese communities were studied, the Horn of Africa and English-speaking Caribbean communities in Toronto and the Latin American and Arabic-speaking communities in Montreal. Results demonstrated that there are common elements across these ethnocultural communities that increase the risk for HIV transmission. HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention in ethnocultural communities must address sociocultural differences, particularly sex role differences between men and women in terms of power within relationships to negotiate for safer sexual practices. PMID:8705919
Silvania Sousa do Nascimento
Full Text Available This paper discusses three mediation concept approaches and, consequently, three facets of mediator action. The approaches presented start with a bibliographical review of the concept of mediation present in education and scientific communication studies. These approaches serve as a basis for interpreting a semi-directive interview with the director of the Museum of Morphological Sciences of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG. They also help us reflect on the complexity of organizing the objectives of a museum action that takes into account the transformational role of the meaning of objects in interaction with different socio-cultural subjects. In conclusion, the museum's purpose in organizing a museum action using socio-cultural mediation approach and with the mediator as a passeur libre among exhibit objects and visitors is highlighted.
Full Text Available
This study presents a socio-cultural description of some Yoruba taboos which are an integral part of culture and youths attitude towards these taboos. The theoretical frame work for the study is based on Vygotskians sociocultural approach which holds that higher order functions develop out of social interaction. In other words, cultural development of an individual, especially the young ones, depends largely on social interactions with elders. Some socio-cultural factors like age, sex and education are the variables employed in the analysis. Data is gathered from interviewing students and staff of Redeemers University, Mowe, Ogun state and Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state in the South Western part of Nigeria. Books and documents are also consulted. In the process of describing some selected Yoruba taboos, it is discovered that: (a the language of a particular society is an integral part of its culture, (b many of the taboos have been taken over by Christianity and technology (c youths have a laissez-faire attitude as their belief in taboos is fast disappearing because parents and guardians do not educate children in these acts any more. It is concluded that for the Yoruba culture to be saved from imminent extinction, parents must expose the young ones to cultural beliefs and ensure that they speak the language. This is necessary because internalized culture allows people to respond in appropriate ways to the norms of the society or community in which they live.
Key words: Socio-cultural; Yoruba taboos; Societys attitude
Bernués Jal, Alberto; Rodríguez Ortega, Tamara; Ripoll Bosch, Raimon; Alfnes, F.
The aim of this work was to elucidate the socio-cultural and economic value of a number of ecosystem services delivered by mountain agroecosystems (mostly grazing systems) in Euro-Mediterranean regions. We combined deliberative (focus groups) and survey-based stated-preference methods (choice modelling) to, first, identify the perceptions of farmers and other citizens on the most important ecosystem services and, second, to value these in economic terms according to the willingness to pay of ...
Ghafar Samar, Reza; Dehqan, Mahmood
The focus of the present study was to investigate the possible effects of sociocultural-based teaching techniques on EFL learners reading comprehension. The basic purpose was to clarify how learners reading comprehension and strategy use could be affected by the types of teaching techniques and how high and low proficiency learners profited from the intervention. Iranian EFL students were used as the participants of the study. A NELSON language proficiency test, a researcher-made reading comp...
Risgaard, M. L.; Frederiksen, P.; Kaltoft, P.
Conversion to organic farming, along with driving forces and barriers, has been explored intensively during the past decade, while studies on localization and impacts of local socio-cultural processes on conversion to and diffusion of organic farming have been scarce. Concentrations of organic farms in Denmark differ according to county, and moreover there appeared to be large within-county variation in the density of organic farms. The present study explores the local aspects of conversion to o...
Adjei, Stephen Baffour
While sociocultural scholarship has attempted an ecological explanation of intimate partner violence, it has largely been criticized for ignoring dispositional factors of both perpetrators and victims. Dependent personality and attachment-related emotional problems have been implicated in the extant literature as major intrapsychic processes involved in the perpetration and victimization of partner abuse, particularly in Western societies. These studies largely rely on a cultural background of i...
Science education research predominantly shows that students improve their scientific understandings when they tinker (or pull apart) tools and simple household machines. In this study, the qualitative data collected took the form of online journal entries by final year, female, primary teacher trainees, who reflected upon their early childhood experiences of tinkering. Data analysis, from a socio-cultural perspective, shows that many of these fledgling teachers of technology face similar i...
ALEJANDRO CASTRO SOLANO
Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementación de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la per spectiva del migrante y l...
HANLON, CHARLOTTE; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; PRINCE, MARTIN
The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the womans survival we...
Vandeyar, Saloshna; Vandeyar, Thirusellvan
Contests of space and place in South African 'schoolscapes' are now not so much about 'race' as it is about nationalism and territoriality. While the politics of belonging unfolds and overtly manifests itself, a more covert, insidious and worrisome issue is that of the erosion of the social and cultural mores of Black immigrant students. Utilising social constructivism, case study approach and narrative inquiry, this study sets out to explore the socio-cultural experiences of Black female imm...
Vygotskys sociocultural/cultural historical theory emphasised the notion of semiotic mediation or how thinking is transformed through signs (such as language) and cultural tools (such as drawings) from an intermental to an intramental plane. While the ideas of Vygotsky have become well-accepted within research in early childhood education in Australia, they are somewhat slower to be adopted within science education research. Yet they offer the potential for gaining new understandings of ho...
MAMOUR CHOUL TURUK
Sociocultural theory has made a great impact on the learning and teaching profession. The theory advocates learning, including L2 acquisition, as a semiotic process where participation in socially mediated activities is essential. It regards instruction as crucial to L2 development and should be geared to the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) that is beyond the learner?s actual development level. It believes that learning in an L2 context should be a collaborative achievement and not an isol...
Lupina-Wegener, Anna A.; Schneider, Susan C.; Dick, Rolf van
Purpose Building on social identity theory, the purpose of this paper is to present a study on the socio-cultural integration process in amerger of twoEuropean pharmaceutical subsidiaries inMexico. The paper investigates antecedents of perceived threat to pre-merger identities in an officially claimed merger-of-equals. Design/methodology/approach A mixed-methods approach was adopted comprising semi-structured interviews (with 37 interview partners) and standardized employee surveys with...
Dongyu Zhang; Yu Fan; Wanyi Du
This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT). In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtskys theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA) and second language learning (SLL) research papers. These concepts lay the psychological foundation for collaborative learning, the subject of this paper. This publication aims to examine SCT by assessing collaborative learning ...
Kimber Haddix McKay
This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy is...
Dictation is considered as criteria for the skill of using the relationship between the sounds constituting the essence of the fundamental music education, and the symbols. Within the process of dictation, it is possible to understand how correctly the student comprehends the melody, harmony and rhythm- in other words, the basic elements of a music work. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between the dictation skills and socio-cultural variables. One of the factual ex...
Antón, Marta; DiCamilla, Frederick J.
El presente estudio investiga la interacción colaborativa entre estudiantes anglohablantes matriculados en un curso avanzado de español al nivel universitario. La investigación queda enmarcada en la teoría sociocultural sobre el pensamiento y la lengua, basada en la obra del psicólogo ruso Lev Vygotsky (1978, 1986). Se examinan rasgos específicos de la interacción que ocurre mientras realizan tres tareas de redacción en colaboración (repetición, clases sentenciales, verbos modales, etc.) a fi...
ALEJANDRO CASTRO SOLANO
Full Text Available El interés para realizar esta investigación sur- gió a partir de que Argentina recibe un número creciente de estudiantes de otros países latinoa- mericanos, atraídos por el idioma, el prestigio académico y las condiciones económicas. Como resultado del contacto intercultural, los estudian- tes atraviesan el proceso psicológico denominado aculturación, que implica cambios afectivos, comportamentales y cognitivos. En virtud de lo antedicho, este estudio se propuso identificar pre- dictores de adaptación sociocultural en función de variables sociodemográficas, culturales y psi- cológicas de estudiantes que decidieron realizar sus estudios universitarios en Argentina. Partici- paron 216 estudiantes migrantes que se encon- traban cursando diferentes carreras universita- rias, el 57% eran mujeres (n = 124 y el 43% varones (n = 92, con un promedio de edad de 24.18 años (DE = 4.55. El 86% (n = 186 había nacido en Latinoamérica. El restante 14% prove- nía de países de Europa y Asia. El tiempo pro- medio de residencia en Argentina era de 3.31 años. Se emplearon diferentes instrumentos dise- ñados ad hoc y/o adaptados para medir las varia- bles involucradas en el estudio. A partir de los re- sultados obtenidos, no se pudo corroborar la in- fluencia por parte de variables sociodemográficas (edad y tiempo de residencia. En cambio, entre las variables culturales se constató que percibir bajos niveles de discriminación y ansiedad in- tergrupal predice buenos niveles de adaptación sociocultural. En cuanto a las variables psicoló- gicas, se corroboró que el apoyo social y la sa- tisfacción percibida contribuyen a la adaptación sociocultural. En términos globales, las variables culturales y psicológicas predicen con mayor éxito la adaptación sociocultural en relación a las sociodemográficas.
This research was conducted to examine the role of sociocultural factors on depression among elderly of twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan. 310 older adults participated in the present study. Through convenient sampling technique, face to face interview was carried out for data collection. Urdu translated Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form and demographic sheet were used to test hypotheses. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis. Results showed signif...
Interaction between adults and infants by nature constitutes a strong powerasymmetry relationship. Based on the assumption that communicative practices with infants are inseparably intertwined with broader cultural ideologies of good child care, this paper will contrast how parents in two distinct socio-cultural communities deal with power asymmetry in interactions with 3-months old infants. The study consists of a microanalysis of videotaped free play mother-infant interactions from 20 middl...
This paper describes a methodological procedure for characterizing mathematics preservice teachers learning from a sociocultural perspective. The procedure involves interpreting some aspects of Wengers theory of social learning, adapting them to preservice teacher training, and making this adaptation operational for coding and analyzing audio recordings of a group of preservice teachers working at home. An example of a research result obtained using this procedure is presented. En este ar...
Rami F. Mustafa
This qualitative study employed informal conversational interviews and semi-structured individual interviews to capture the Saudi students opinions about the feedback they receive, and about their perceptions on what constitutes helpful feedback. Sociocultural theory was used as the framework of this study. The findings suggest that the Saudi students do not think highly of the feedback, and that the feedback they desire is markedly different from what they receive. The students mentioned se...
Children learn their native language in a relatively rapid time and are able to communicate from very early using language. But is the acquisition of their native culture and native language dependent on each other (LeVine & Norman, 2001; Riesman, 1993)? The present study aims to investigate the extent to which parents provide their children with direct and indirect negative feedback while they are acquiring sociocultural aspects of their language. A group of parents (N=75) from three soc...
Niazi, Asfandyar Khan; Kalra, Sanjay
The use of patient centered care is promoted by Islam. Many of the countries with the highest percentage of diabetics are Muslim majority countries. The use of patient centered care in these areas is likely to reduce the burden of diabetes in these countries. However there are several challenges faced by the physicians working in these countries. Most of these challenges are sociocultural in origin and a thorough knowledge of the Islamic principles can help overcome these challenges.
Tom Sørensen; Robert Kleiner; Paul Ngo; Andreas Sørensen; Nils Bøe
In a series of community mental health promotion studies in Lofoten, Norway, the concept of sociocultural integration is used to describe properties of a local community that are related to people's psychological health. Starting with Durkheim's description of a cohesive society, we compare different concepts that are related to sociocultural integration, for example, sense of community, social capital, and social cohesion. We then examine the relationship of various individual oriented socia...
N. G. Murayeva
Full Text Available The paper deals with the model fostering the socio-cultural competence of the higher school students. The model in question is based on the integration of project activities and Web 2.0 information technologies, the methods facilitating its implementation being described along with the teaching means and forms, and socio-cultural competence formation levels. The author demonstrates the complex of problematic tasks which become more complicated depending on the acquired level of the above competence, and mastered skills and abilities. The tree types of socio-cultural projects are recommended according to the achieved levels: mini-project, web quest and web project. The suggested model fulfills the idea of pedagogic facilitation of the foreign language learning by using the meaning formation mechanism in socio- cultural educational environment. The author argues that its introduction into the higher school training process can promote the students interest to the different culture and mentality, and their readiness for the cross-cultural dialog over the internet.
Sonderegger, Andreas; Sauer, Juergen
This article examines the influence of socio-cultural background and product value on different outcomes of usability tests. A study was conducted in two different socio-cultural regions, Switzerland and East Germany, which differed in a number of aspects (e.g. economic power, price sensitivity and culture). Product value (high vs. low) was varied by manipulating the price of the product. Sixty-four test participants were asked to carry out five typical user tasks in the context of coffee machine usage, measuring performance, perceived usability, and emotion. The results showed that in Switzerland, high-value products were rated higher in usability than low-value products whereas in East Germany, high-value products were evaluated lower in usability. A similar interaction effect of socio-cultural background and product value was observed for user emotion. Implications are that the outcomes of usability tests do not allow for a simple transfer across cultures and that the mediating influence of perceived product value needs to be taken into consideration. PMID:23254110
N. R., Diale.
Full Text Available The study was conducted in Makhuduthamaga Municipal area in Sekhukhune District of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study observed how socio-cultural factors impact on participation environment in community development groups particularly in rural sections of society. To generate insight on the [...] se dynamics, some sets of empirical data were collected from community groups and individuals. Qualitative and quantitative sets of data were collected through structured interview schedule from simple random samples of twelve interest groups and twenty-eight individuals, and a quota sample of two organisational linkage structures. Document review of the groups was also conducted. Qualitative sets of data were collected from a simple random sample of two groups through participant observation to establishing their group dynamics and cultural protocols. The study found that the majority of community groups consisted of elderly people. It also found that the majority of people join community groups to participate in social improvement and participation. From document reviewed, no statute was found to provide for socio-cultural protocols in the groups' activities. From the observation, the study found that there are some socio-cultural norms, practices and values that negatively impact on the participation and empowerment of people in community development groups.
Kjerulf Petersen, L.; Holst Andersen, A.
Any transition to a more sustainable energy system, radically reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is bound to run in to a host of different barriers - technological and economic, but also socio-cultural. This will also be the case for any large-scale application of hydrogen as energy carrier, especially if the system is going to be based on renewable energy sources. The aim of these research notes is to review and discuss major socio-cultural barriers to new forms of energy supply in general and to hydrogen specifically. Reaching sufficient reductions in greenhouse gas emissions may require more than large-scale dissemination of renewable energy sources. Also reductions or moderations in energy demand may be necessary. Hence, a central point in the research note is to consider not only socio-cultural obstacles for changing technologies in energy production, distribution and consumption but also obstacles for changing the scale of energy consumption, i.e. moderating the growth in how much energy is consumed or even reducing consumption volumes. (au)
Goodwin, Huw; Haycraft, Emma; Meyer, Caroline
The risk factors for compulsive exercise are unknown. This study aims to explore longitudinal sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise, using a 12-month prospective design. A sample of 332 male and female adolescents (aged 13-15 years at baseline) completed self-report measures of sociocultural risk factors and compulsive exercise at baseline and eating disorder psychopathology and compulsive exercise at 12-month follow-up assessment. Hierarchical regressions found that family and peer messages to become more muscular predicted compulsive exercise in boys, whereas feeling pressure from the media to be thin was a significant predictor of compulsive exercise in girls. These relationships remained significant when controlling for eating disorder psychopathology but became nonsignificant when initial levels of compulsive exercise were entered into the model. The findings suggest that sociocultural risk factors may contribute to the development of compulsive exercise but future research should utilise a younger sample and employ a longer follow-up period to identify true longitudinal effects. PMID:25059109
Ahmad Mousa Bateineh
Full Text Available This experimental study investigates the effect of using web-cam chat on the FL Learners' socio-cultural competence by answering the following question: What is the effect ofusing web-Cam chat onthe socio-cultural on competence of tenth grade students? Thesample of study consisted of43tenth grade students at AL-Sabila Private School for Boys, in the second semester of the scholastic year2010/2011. Section (A consisted of(20 students. It was chosen as an experimental group, whilesection (B consisted of(23 students. It was decided as a controlgroup.Data were collected within sixteenweeks. The pre-test and the post-test were of two parts: A written part and oral dialogues that test the FL students' ability to interact culturally appropriately in communicative settings. Scores were tabulated and prepared for statistical analysis.The results of the study have showed there is a statistically significant difference in the arithmetic mean in the achievement test for the experimental group. It means that the experimental group performed better than the control group. Then, the result of the study revealed that using web-Cam chat alongside the traditional method has great effect on the socio-cultural competence of the FL learners. The researcher has recommended making many studies on the effect ofCMC onother competencies of language.
Stratford, Elaine; Davidson, Julie
In their design or implementation, many natural resource management (NRM) programs ignore critical socio-cultural dimensions of the challenge to advance sustainability. Building on particular ideas about culture and human ecosystems, we combine the strengths of the capital assets model of sustainability and the idea of intercultural borderlands to respond to this gap. To advance our thesis about the utility of these tools, we critically reviewed and analysed a cross-disciplinary literature relating to the socio-cultural dimensions of NRM. This paper stems from that labour and examines particular tensions that arise in land management as a result of Australians' specific colonial and postcolonial legacies. These tensions--related to ethnicity, gender, population, age and health--are among the threads in the larger tapestry that comprises the socio-cultural dimensions of NRM. For the Australian case, they are central, longstanding and persistent, and thus worthy of analysis; and they are applicable in general terms to other places with similar histories of settlement and land use. PMID:12503497
Ameen, Radhwan Y; Asmaa Y. Hamo
Virtualization is a term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. The purpose of virtual computing environment is to improve resource utilization by providing a unified integrated operating platform for users and applications based on aggregation of heterogeneous and autonomous resources. More recently, virtualization at all levels (system, storage, and network) became important again as a way to improve system security, reliability and availability, reduce cost...
This paper proposes a framework for understanding the real-virtual dichotomy in terms of a series of five frames or layers which interact simultaneously to create the phenomena associated with virtual worlds. The framework presented in this paper is intended to be used as an analytical tool in studying phenomena related specifically to virtual worlds, but is undoubtedly applicable to a broad subset of computer games and interactive fiction. The model provides a useful tool fpr studying a numb...
For the execution of the scientific applications, different methods have been proposed to dynamically provide execution environments for such applications that hide the complexity of underlying distributed and heterogeneous infrastructures. Recently virtualization has emerged as a promising technology to provide such environments. Virtualization is a technology that abstracts away the details of physical hardware and provides virtualized resources for high-level scientific applications. Vir...
Ilinskii, K N
We generalize the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) to include the contribution of virtual arbitrage opportunities. We model the arbitrage return by a stochastic process. The latter is incorporated in the APT framework to calculate the correction to the APT due to the virtual arbitrage opportunities. The resulting relations reduce to the APT for an infinitely fast market reaction or in the case where the virtual arbitrage is absent. Corrections to the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) are also derived.
We generalize the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) to include the contribution of virtual arbitrage opportunities. We model the arbitrage return by a stochastic process. The latter is incorporated in the APT framework to calculate the correction to the APT due to the virtual arbitrage opportunities. The resulting relations reduce to the APT for an infinitely fast market reaction or in the case where the virtual arbitrage is absent. Corrections to the Capital Asset Pricing Mode...
Tølle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan
This chapter presents a virtual enterprise methodology (VEM) that outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises (VEs). As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for and setting up an enterprise network, which works as a breeding ground for setting up VEs. The VEM applies the Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (VERA) as an underlying structure. Both VEM and VERA are developed as a part of the GLOBEMEN project.
Ess, Charles; Thorseth, May
We collect diverse philosophical analyses of the issues and problems clustering around trust online with specific attention to establishing trust in virtual environments. The book moves forward important discussions of how virtual worlds and virtuality are to be defined and understood; the role of embodiment in establishing trust in (primarily) disembodied venues; how far artificial agents and other forms of machine intelligence can be trusted in any strong sense; and how diverse ethical framewo...
AbstractThe European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usuallycontrolled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.(European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last fewyears as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field ofvirtual currencies has been mainly uncharte...
Full Text Available The Arab minority in Israel is in the process of socio-cultural transformation, its force rising and splitting the society. Modernization, the Arab society undergoes, is influenced by the constant contacts with the Jew- ish nation representing in its majority the western culture, the other influenc- ing factors being technologies and mass media. Some changes affect the soci- ety in a positive way, whereas the global uncontrollable ones can bring about the system crisis and the full split of society. In order to retain the integrity it is necessary to control this process on the level of basic elements of cultural awareness by nurturing both cultural and moral values within the framework of educational system. One of the main functions of educational system is the mans adapta- tion in society including its cultural aspect; and the upbringing process should be performed in the context of belonging to cultural and national val- ues. Well-balanced organic system of education combining cardinal, national and religious values can facilitate harmonious personal growth, and affect the society in a positive way. However, the Arab educational system in Israel faces some challenges in the course of implementing the value nurturing programs. They include the lack of political initiative and control over the educational system devel- opment performed by the Arabs; and the absence of the definite and steady value system that can be given to the growing generation by means of school education. To overcome the problem the author recommends developing and implementing a special training program focused on the value component de- velopment, as the students might have difficulty getting by in the real world without it.
High availability has always been one of the main problems for a data center. Till now high availability was achieved by host per host redundancy, a highly expensive method in terms of hardware and human costs. A new approach to the problem can be offered by virtualization. Using virtualization, it is possible to achieve a redundancy system for all the services running on a data center. This new approach to high availability allows the running virtual machines to be distributed over a small number of servers, by exploiting the features of the virtualization layer: start, stop and move virtual machines between physical hosts. The 3RC system is based on a finite state machine, providing the possibility to restart each virtual machine over any physical host, or reinstall it from scratch. A complete infrastructure has been developed to install operating system and middleware in a few minutes. To virtualize the main servers of a data center, a new procedure has been developed to migrate physical to virtual hosts. The whole Grid data center SNS-PISA is running at the moment in virtual environment under the high availability system.
S C Rachana
Full Text Available Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Thus, monitoring of virtual machine is essential. The paper proposes a Virtual Network Introspection [VMI] System to secure the Virtual machines from Distributed Denial of Service [DDOS] and Zombie attacks.
As this comprehensive and multidisciplinary book makes clear, virtuality has a pedigree that pre-dates the computer age and modern virtual worlds, a pedigree that can be traced back to classical mythology and beyond. Equally, the concept of virtuality is not the province of one field of study alone but is the foundation and driving force of many, both theoretical and applied. Our conceptualizations and applications of virtuality are multiple, as contributors demonstrate across the nine sections of the book that move from philosophy to technologies and applications before returning to philosoph
To realize nanocarbons in general and carbon nanotube (CNT) in particular as on-chip interconnect materials, the contact resistance stemming from the metalCNT interface must be well understood and minimized. Understanding the complex mechanisms at the interface can lead to effective contact resistance reduction. In this study, we compile existing published results and understanding for two metalCNT contact geometries, sidewall or side contact and end contact, and address key performance characteristics which lead to low contact resistance. Side contacts typically result in contact resistances >1 k?, whereas end contacts, such as that for as-grown vertically aligned CNTs on a metal underlayer, can be substantially lower. The lower contact resistance for the latter is due largely to strong bonding between edge carbon atoms with atoms on the metal surface, while carrier transport across a side-contacted interface via tunneling is generally associated with high contact resistance. Analyses of high-resolution images of interface nanostructures for various metalCNT structures, along with their measured electrical characteristics, provide the necessary knowledge for continuous improvements of techniques to reduce contact resistance. Such contact engineering approach is described for both side and end-contacted structures. (paper)
Alfonso, Bustos Sánchez; César, Coll Salvador.
Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva constructivista de orientación socio-cultural, en este trabajo se presenta un modelo teórico que permite analizar el potencial transformador de los entornos virtuales a partir de su capacidad para mediar las relaciones entre profesores, estudiantes y contenidos. Atendiendo a lo [...] s principios básicos del modelo teórico, se revisan algunos temas centrales relacionados con el análisis de la actividad conjunta en estos entornos y se propone una aproximación multi-método para su estudio. Por último, se destacan aspectos relacionados con el diseño y la investigación de entornos virtuales concebidos como espacios para el desarrollo de procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Abstract in english Using a constructivist perspective of socio-cultural orientation, this article presents a theoretical model that permits analyzing the transforming potential of virtual environments, based on their ability to mediate relations among teachers, students, and content. By addressing the basic principles [...] of the theoretical model, a review is made of some of the central topics related to the analysis of joint activity in these environments. A multi-method approach is proposed for their study. Lastly, attention is centered on aspects related to the design and research of virtual environments conceived as places for the development of teaching and learning processes.
Kyzer, Peggy Mckewen
Organizations in science and science education call for students to have a thorough understanding of the theory of evolution. Yet many high school biology teachers do not teach evolution and/or include creationism in their instruction (National Academy of Science, 1998). Historically, the controversy surrounding evolution has created tension for teachers. This case study explored the sociocultural influences related to teaching evolution in three Southern 10th-grade public high school biology classrooms. It also explored the socially and culturally embedded influences on teachers' instructional goals and personal perspectives toward evolution as well as modification of instruction when evolution is taught. Theoretically framed using symbolic interactionism and sociocultural theory, data were collected between October 2003 and April 2004 and included classroom observations two to three times per week, artifacts, and in-depth interviews of the participating teachers, their science department chairpersons, their students, and a Protestant minister. The classroom teachers were unaware of the focus of the study until after evolution was taught. The analysis used in this study was an inductive, interpretative approach that allowed exploration of the sociocultural influences that affect how teachers teach evolution. The sociocultural influences and the lived experiences of each teacher created a continuum for teaching evolution. One of the participating teachers who was heavily involved in the community and one of its fundamentalist churches elected to avoid teaching evolution. Another participating teacher at the same school integrated the theory of evolution in every unit. The third teacher who taught in another school elected to teach evolution in a superficial manner to avoid conflict. The data revealed that the participating teachers' sociocultural situatedness influenced their decisions and instruction on evolution. The influence of strong religious beliefs within the Southern culture was a theme that cut across all the teachers' decisions. In particular, religious beliefs made teaching human evolution difficult. Other recurring themes included the influence of the textbook and factors that served as escape routes for the teachers electing to avoid evolution. The escape routes included the pressure of time, the mixed messages from the state board of education, and the double-edged sword of teacher autonomy.
Lindberg, Frank; Pettersson, Michael
The development of ITC has increased focus onto distance learning programs worldwide. Most universities today offer distance learning programs that are based on the Internet. This development represents a fundamental change in the very logic of being a university. It is no longer enough to rely on professor authority. How can one create a learning situation that enables the university to remain viable? In most western countries, the professors have dominated the learning processes at universities. Since the 50s, learning has been about learning-in, memorizing, and cram (Illeris, 2000) where professors most often decide what and when one could learn by providing the context and substance. In this perspective, the student has a role which is close to the one of a passive receiver, and s/he is mainly preoccupied with the problem of generating substance in memory most efficiently. Today, technology challenges our pedagogical reasoning in many ways. However, old pedagogical models often prevail. We see practices where lectures, notes and course information are published on the Internet, where ICT helps professor-student communication, and online based student tests. These attempts are based on old-time educational logic. There are fewer attempts to use ICT according to a different pedagogical perspective than the old professor authoritarian model. The purpose of this paper is to illuminate some challenges virtual students experience when facing a new ICT-based learning situation. We will try to explore and develop understandings of what it might mean to be a student when learning occurs within a virtual problem based learning landscape. When students are used to the traditional classroom, challenges appear in the twilight zone between two pedagogical practices. How do the students cope with challenges that a new virtual program demands, and what paradoxes and ambiguities appear when old learning processes do not work anymore? The present focus reflects an existential-phenomenological point of departure. This perspective is based on the philosophical writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Martin Heidegger (1927/1996; "Being and Time"), and the successors Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur. The work is also inspired of the father of culturalism - Jerome Bruner (1996) and Wenger's (1998) community of practice. Thompson (1997) is an inspiration through his initiator of hermeneutical endeavor within consumer research. The consequences of this perspective are that the student and his/her experiences and learning cannot be separated from the student's existence. As for the subject matter, we cannot separate the student from his/her studying. Learning becomes a profoundly socio-cultural process which has to be studied according to the situation and context in which it appears. It is the heart of this project that the twilight zone between cultural roles might reveal some interesting knowledge about the introduction of ICT and its consequences. The socio-cultural conditions of present society set the context for the hermeneutic analysis of meanings and salient life concerns that learning experiences hold for time-pressured virtual students with high degree of responsibilities. An existential-phenomenological assumption is that individuals would tend to interpret their experiences within present socio-cultural framework. Due to its novel characteristics of the program, however, it is particularly interesting to investigate the role that virtual studying serves in the construction of reality and meaning. Furthermore, as it is assumed that experiences cannot be separated from who one is (being-in-the world), the process of human change during virtual studying is also expected to influence salient types of learning, the student's work practice, and his/her private practice.
This article is based on the convictions that peace education is the basis for any sustainable non-violent relations between parties in a conflict, and that virtual peace education is almost the only feasible way to practise peace education in an open violent conflict as is the current Israeli/Palestinians one. Moreover, virtual peace education
As Internet technology encroached on the public school classroom about a decade ago, Kim Ross, superintendent of the Houston (MN) School District saw an opportunity. The entrepreneurial spirit overtook Ross and his team, and out of that was born the Minnesota Virtual Academy and the Minnesota Center of Online Learning, or MCoOL--two virtual
Madalina - Cristina Marian
Full Text Available Two cadastrale plans of buildings, can overlap virtual. Overlap is highlighted when digital reception. According to Law no. 7/1996 as amended and supplemented, to solve these problems is by updating the database graphs, the repositioning. This paper addresses the issue of overlapping virtual cadastre in the history of the period 1999-2012.
Osborn, Debra S.; Peterson, Gary W.; Hale, Rebecca R.
The advent of virtual schools opens doors to opportunity for delivery of student services via the Internet. Through the use of structured interviews with four practicing Florida virtual school counselors, and a follow-up survey, the authors examined the experiences and reflections of school counselors who are employed full time in a statewide
Veirum, Niels Einar
The main objective of this working paper is to present a conceptual model for media integrated communication in virtual learning environments. The model for media integrated communication is very simple and identifies the necessary building blocks for virtual place making in a synthesis of methods from Cultural Media Science, Architecture and Digital Design
We study virtual isotopy sequences with classical initial and final diagrams. We conjecture that all such diagrams permit an assignment of classical crossing type to each virtual crossing resulting in a valid classical isotopy sequence. Conditions are found which any counterexample must meet, and the conjecture is reformulated in terms of 2-knots.
Liviu Gabriel CRETU
Full Text Available One of the most used buzz-words in (e-business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is touched by the computers processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive line between the two concepts. Providing a more coherent description of what virtual organization might be is also one of our intentions.
Processos de significação na relação professor-alunos: uma perspectiva sociocultural construtivista / Meaning processes in the relationship teacher-students: a sociocultural and constructivist point of view
Maria Carmen Villela Rosa, Tacca; Angela Uchoa, Branco.
Full Text Available Neste artigo consideramos que o fracasso escolar é um fenômeno persistente que exige análises empíricas e teóricas acerca dos processos de significação envolvidos na dinâmica das interações professor-aluno relacionados com as relações ensino-aprendizagem. Com base na abordagem sociocultural construt [...] ivista, o estudo analisa a interação de fatores socioculturais com a participação ativa do indivíduo, destacando a unidade cognição-afeto. Os processos interativos atuam como mobilizadores da construção do conhecimento ao longo de convergências e divergências nas interações, especialmente nas negociações quanto aos objetivos e desenvolvimento de atividades pedagógicas. Duas turmas de segunda série do ensino fundamental foram investigadas, sendo destacados os resultados de análises microgenéticas das interações, que apontaram para crenças e estratégias comunicativas e metacomunicativas que podem favorecer ou dificultar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem. A conclusão aponta para o fato dos processos de significação estarem apoiados na metacomunicação e na unidade cognição-afeto, que direcionam as possibilidades de aprendizagem. Abstract in english School failure consists of a persistent problem in our educational system. This paper aims at contributing to understand the issue by presenting and theoretically discussing empirical data concerning the dynamics of teacher-students interactions. We draw our analysis on a constructivist sociocultura [...] l theoretical framework, which stresses the interactions between sociocultural factors and human agency, claiming for the unison, intertwined nature of affect and cognition. Interactive processes lie at the basis of knowledge construction, which takes place along convergent and divergent interaction frames, particularly during negotiations about goals and rules for educational activities. Two second-grade classrooms were investigated, the results of microgenetic analysis being especially highlighted and discussed. We show how communicative and metacommunicative strategies, together with teacher beliefs, may promote or inhibit teaching-learning processes. We conclude by discussing how meaning construction processes are profoundly intermingled with the affective-cognitive dimension of human development, and how it may decisively contribute to learning possibilities.
Felicia O. Johnson; Olusoji George; Oluwakemi Owoyemi; Mofope Adegboye
Socio-cultural realities are importance components in the Nigerian business environment. There is a shortage ofliterature and studies that linked socio-cultural realities to business development and performance.Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) constitutes over 70 per cent of the Nigerian businesses and characteristicallyinformal. The objectives of this paper are in two-folds, namely (i) identify socio-cultural realities in the SMEbusiness environment in Nigeria and; (ii) examine the impact of ...
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Fischer-Cripps, Anthony C
This book covers the mechanics of solid bodies in contact, detailing the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and the fracture of brittle solids. It describes indentation stress fields for both elastic and elastic-plastic contact..
Vaidya, Pushkar Ganesh
Till date we have not made Contact with any Extraterrestrial civilizations. The Fermi Paradox remains a paradox - the Great Silence prevails. In the light of the Rare Earth hypothesis, it seems that advanced life is exceedingly rare in the universe. Also, if there does exist some Extraterrestrial civilizations then still achieving Contact is extremely difficult as the very nature of the universe discourages Contact. It's as if there is a Cosmic Contact Censorship in place.
ATLAS software has been developed mostly on CERN linux cluster lxplus or on similar facilities at the experiment Tier 1 centers. The fast rise of virtualization technology has the potential to change this model, turning every laptop or desktop into an ATLAS analysis platform. In the context of the CernVM project we are developing a suite of tools and CernVM plug-in extensions to promote the use of virtualization for ATLAS analysis and software development. The Virtual Machine Logbook (VML), in particular, is an application to organize work of physicists on multiple projects, logging their progress, and speeding up ''context switches'' from one project to another. An important feature of VML is the ability to share with a single 'click' the status of a given project with other colleagues. VML builds upon the save and restore capabilities of mainstream virtualization software like VMware, and provides a technology-independent client interface to them. A lot of emphasis in the design and implementation has gone into optimizing the save and restore process to makepractical to store many VML entries on a typical laptop disk or to share a VML entry over the network. At the same time, taking advantage of CernVM's plugin capabilities, we are extending the CernVM platform to help increase the usability of ATLAS software. For example, we added the ability to start the ATLAS event display on any computer running CernVM simply by clicking a button in a web browser. We want to integrate seamlessly VML with CernVM unique file system design to distribute efficiently ATLAS software on every physicist computer. The CernVM File System (CVMFS) download files on-demand via HTTP, and cache it locally for future use. This reduces by one order of magnitude the download sizes, making practical for a developer to work with multiple software releases on a virtual machine.
Full Text Available Problem statement: The problem of moving from economic efficiency of the social one in the modern society is actualized. It is pointed out that the methodological basis for the solving questions of psychological education development are considered to be an anthropological psychology as a new scientific branch, which reflects the tendencies of development of psychology now a days. It is shown that there are various points of view on psychological education: self-organization as adaptation, self-organization as self-regulation and self-organization as self-determination. On the basis of these points of view psychology educational opportunities of a human being are considered as an individual life strategy aimed at success. Approach: The possibilities of different sociocultural environments and their contribution to psychological education of a person have been analyzed. The attention has been drawn to the fact, that sociocultural environment is the complex of social conditions of a personâ??s life, that allow to act in accordance with the structure and functions of the environment, choosing from the variety of possibilities those, which can be realized. The question of free choice of possible alternatives and creating of oneâ??s own life story is discussed. Results: The motivation of achievement has qualitative differences depending on character of socio-cultural identity. If socio-cultural identity is positive, motivation of achieving the successes is a general life line. The revealed connection of components of positive functioning and showing the motivation of achievement has been considered in the context of our research as a full, subjective experience, which is of great importance for the person himself, as it is connected to basic human values and such everyday notions as happiness, happy life. When characterized the experience of psychological well-being by a person, it is necessary to mention that it supposes comparison of oneâ?? existence of the norm, sample or ideal. But this norm or sample is in the consciousness of the experiencing person, thus psychological well-being is a kind of self-attitude. Conclusion: The revealed differences allow us to make a conclusion that more opened socio-cultural environment of a large city and personal activity of respondents, define the direction of development, conduce broadening of the axiological and meaningful area. Whereas because of deficiency of forms of socio-cultural environment, students living in a town appear to have different important features of character in comparison with the respondents from a large city. Young peopleâ??s life goes on the basis of earlier stereotypes, according to arrangement activities, which limit personal development. Specifics of formation as possibilities of life self-fulfillment in the system-anthropological context set by our acts as creativity in relation to itself which is determined future-the world of its (human being of the purposes directing activity in the present.
Asghar A. Hastiani
Full Text Available The number of students enrolled at Iranian virtual Universities during 2004-2007 years, annually accounted for less than 0.5% of traditional Iranian universities enrolment. The low rate of virtual Universities enrolment might be due to a low level of student's trust in this type of educational institution. Students with low trust in virtual universities may be less likely to enroll in distant learning courses. Many factors contribute to student's trust level, including perceptions of the virtual university's quality of education, teacher's skills, academic reputation, etc...We examined five factors (academic reputation, administrative efficacy, size of institution, fairly tuition and Suitable environmental Conditions as antecedents and three factors (student's attitude, willingness and risk taking as consequences of student's trust. The relationships among factors were determined using a structural equations model and path analysis. Our analysis suggests that the academic reputation and the Suitable environmental Conditions for activity a virtual university is the most important determinants of student's trust. Furthermore, the student's trust level significantly affects student's willingness to study in virtual universities. Our results have implications for the development of theories as well as policies for the virtual universities.
High availability has always been one of the main problems for a data center. Till now high availability was achieved by host per host redundancy, a highly expensive method in terms of hardware and human costs. A new approach to the problem can be offered by virtualization. Using virtualization, it is possible to achieve a redundancy system for all the services running on a data center. This new approach to high availability allows to share the running virtual machines over the servers up and running, by exploiting the features of the virtualization layer: start, stop and move virtual machines between physical hosts. The system (3RC) is based on a finite state machine with hysteresis, providing the possibility to restart each virtual machine over any physical host, or reinstall it from scratch. A complete infrastructure has been developed to install operating system and middleware in a few minutes. To virtualize the main servers of a data center, a new procedure has been developed to migrate physical to virtu...
Full Text Available Allergic and photo-allergic contact dermatitis, and immunologic contact urticaria are potential immune-mediated adverse effects from cosmetics. Fragrance components and preservatives are certainly the most frequently observed allergens; however, all ingredients must be considered when investigating for contact allergy.
Nielsen, Anders Bach; Ernst, Erik
This paper describes how virtual classes can be supported in a virtual machine. Main-stream virtual machines such as the Java Virtual Machine and the .NET platform dominate the world today, and many languages are being executed on these virtual machines even though their embodied design choices conflict with the design choices of the virtual machine. For instance, there is a non-trivial mismatch between the main-stream virtual machines mentioned above and dynamically typed languages. One lang...
This paper describes the development of a comprehensive human modeling environment, the Virtual Human, which will be used initially to model the human respiratory system for purposes of predicting pulmonary disease or injury using lung sounds. The details of the computational environment, including the development of a Virtual Human Thorax, a database for storing models, model parameters, and experimental data, and a Virtual Human web interface are outlined. Preliminary progress in developing this environment will be presented. A separate paper at the conference describes the modeling of sound generation using computational fluid dynamics and the modeling of sound propagation in the human respiratory system
Full Text Available Purpose : to substantiate the phenomenon of formation of physical culture of the individual in terms of theoretical and methodological approaches to the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers. Material : 22 literary sources analyzed on the issue of formation of physical culture of the individual. Used cultural studies, axiological and competence approach. Results : define the concept of socio-cultural competence of the teacher of physical education. Competence is considered as an integrative motivational tumor - activity sphere of the individual. It determines the focus of an expert on the formation of spiritual values and is the foundation for its further self-development. Disclosed structure sociocultural competence of the teacher in the unity components: cognitive, motivational-value, behavioral. For each component defined system of spiritual values. The system covers the socio- psychological, mental and cultural values of physical culture. Conclusions : the sociocultural competence of the teacher of physical education meaningful and functionally related to the values of the physical culture of the individual. Spiritual, value the personality of the teacher - is the foundation for all of the components of socio-cultural competence. This competence provides social and cultural development of the individual.
MAMOUR CHOUL TURUK
Full Text Available Sociocultural theory has made a great impact on the learning and teaching profession. The theory advocates learning, including L2 acquisition, as a semiotic process where participation in socially mediated activities is essential. It regards instruction as crucial to L2 development and should be geared to the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD that is beyond the learner?s actual development level. It believes that learning in an L2 context should be a collaborative achievement and not an isolated individual?s effort where the learner works unassisted and unmediated. This literature review discusses the relevance and implications of this theory to L2 teaching.
Karina Franco Paredes
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess if perfectionism components explained body dissatisfaction (BD, sociocultural influences of aesthetic model (SIAM and symptoms of eating disorders (ED. The sample comprised 30 women with Bulimia Nervosa (BN, 35 women with Eating Disorder not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS and 63 women without ED. A regression analysis showed that concern over mistakes (CM and doubt about actions explained BD and SIAM in the BN sample; while concern over mistakes only explained SIAM in the EDNOS sample. These findings evidence that two perfectionism components contribute to vulnerability of thinness ideal and BD among women, which constitute two important risk factors for ED.
Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la conformación del mercado de trabajo de la industria del vestido en Tijuana; se identifican los factores estructurales generadores de precariedad y, según las vivencias respecto a ella, se reconstruyen perfiles distintos de los y las trabajadoras. El objetivo de esta propuesta analítica es mostrar la manera en que se entrelazan las escalas micro, meso y macrosocial reproduciendo o produciendo las condiciones de precariedad que prevalecen en los empleos de la industria de la confección en Tijuana. Para interpretar la experiencia de la precariedad, se aborda su dimensión sociocultural, al darle un papel central a los significados que le otorgan las personas al trabajo.
Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko
The goal of this paper is to integrate culture and social relationship as a computational term in an embodied conversational agent system by employing empirical and theoretical approach. We propose a parameter-based model that predicts nonverbal expressions appropriate for specific cultures in different social relationship. So, first, we introduce the theories of social and cultural characteristics. Then, we did corpus analysis of human interaction of two cultures in two different social situations and extracted empirical data and finally, by integrating socio-cultural characteristics with empirical data, we establish a parameterized network model that generates culture specific non-verbal expressions in different social relationships.
David Omoareghan Irabor
The paper looks at the reason for the low reportage of retained abdominal packs following an abdominal operation in a third world country like Nigeria. It is generally agreed that this unfortunate situation is under-reported. The reason for under-reporting is now given a socio-cultural perspective. Fear of litigation does not seem to be paramount here like it would be in the western (developed) world. Other explanations like fear of being made a scapegoat for something which may be due to spi...
ALEJANDRO CASTRO SOLANO
Full Text Available Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementación de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la per spectiva del migrante y la de los miembros de la cultura huésped. Participaron del estudio dos muestras de estudiantes universitarios (125 estudiantes ex tranjeros de diferentes carreras universitarias y 121 estudiantes universitarios argentinos...
Verizhnikov Alexei Nikolaevich
Full Text Available The purpose of this work is the complex sociocultural characteristics of the commanders of units of special approach on the territory of Orel province in 1922. The information about the age of commanders, their educational level, the extent of their military training, office and battle experience, family status is given. The author comes to the conclusion that men at the age between 25 and 30, family (as a rule, with primary education and military training, sufficient office and battle experience stood at the head of Orel ChON at the moment of its final organizational formation.
This paper describes the Para virtualization which involves modi?cation of a guest operating system (OS). Today this method is only supported for open source operating systems, limiting its applicability. However, par virtualization provides higher performance than full virtualization in performance because it does not need to trap and translate every OS call. Here temperature aware virtual machine can be implemented in Para virtualized cloud environment and provides the details of hardware a...
Setting up virtual private network for business enterprise provides a low cost network foundation, increases enterprise's network function and enlarges its private scope. The text introduces virtual private network's principal, privileges and protocols that use in virtual private network. At last, this paper introduces several setting up virtual private network's technologies which based on LAN
Setting up virtual private network for business enterprise provides a low cost network foundation, increases enterprise network function and enlarges its private scope. This text introduces virtual private network principal, privileges and protocols applied in virtual private network. At last, this paper introduces several setting up virtual private network technologies which is based on LAN
Varsha M Rathi
Full Text Available Contact lenses are required for the visual improvement in patients with keratoconus. Various contact lens options, such as rigid gas permeable (RGP lenses, soft and soft toric lenses, piggy back contact lenses (PBCL, hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are availble. This article discusses about selection of a lens depending on the type of keratoconus and the fitting philosophies of various contact lenses including the starting trial lens. A Medline search was carried out for articles in the English language with the keywords keratoconus and various contact lenses such as Rose k lens, RGP lens, hybrid lens, scleral lens and PBCL.
Nielsen, Anders Bach; Ernst, Erik
This paper describes how virtual classes can be supported in a virtual machine. Main-stream virtual machines such as the Java Virtual Machine and the .NET platform dominate the world today, and many languages are being executed on these virtual machines even though their embodied design choices conflict with the design choices of the virtual machine. For instance, there is a non-trivial mismatch between the main-stream virtual machines mentioned above and dynamically typed languages. One language concept that creates an even greater mismatch is virtual classes, in particular because fully general support for virtual classes requires generation of new classes at run-time by mixin composition. Languages like CaesarJ and ObjectTeams can express virtual classes restricted to the subset that does not require run-time generation of classes, because of the restrictions imposed by the Java Virtual Machine. We have chosen to support virtual classes by implementing a specialized virtual machine, and this paper describes how this virtual machine supports virtual classes with full generality.
Nami, Mohammad Reza
The need to remain competitive in the open market forces companies to concentrate on their core competencies while searching for alliances when additional skills or resources are needed to fulfill business opportunities. The changing business situation of companies and customer needs have motivated researchers to introduce Virtual Organization (VO) idea. A Virtual Organization is always a form of partnership and managing partners and handling partnerships are crucial. Virtual organizations are defined as a temporary collection of enterprises that cooperate and share resources, knowledge, and competencies to better respond to business opportunities. This paper presents base concepts of virtual organizations including properties, management concepts, operational concepts, and main issues in collaboration such as security and authentication.
Becker, K. J.; Becker, T. L.
ISIS workshops are now using virtualization technology to improve the user experience and create a stable, consistent and useful ISIS installation for educational purposes as well as future processing needs.
The Virtual Compton scattering allows us to measure for the first time the generalized polarizabilities of the proton. The experimental method used to extract these new observables is presented as well as some preliminary results obtained at MAMI. (authors)
Full Text Available Data is growing at an alarming rate. Storage administrators are struggling to handle a spiraling volume of documents, images, audio and video files and large emails. Virtualization is a general term that could be applied to: storage systems, databases and networks. In this article, I present an overview of server virtualization architecture. I also specify the goals and benefits of virtualization for a SMB. The article points out some issues about server virtualization: definition, implementing problems and security features. In case of major calamity, you need a disaster recovery plan. The article lists a series of differences and similar parts of DR planning and business continuity plan. I give some ideas that guide you to protect yourself against disaster, what to back up and how backups should work.
Ignatyev, Mikhail; Pinigin, Gennadij
On the base of experience of our Unoversity and Observatory we investigate the seven blocks model of virtual organization for consolidation of resources. This model consists of the next blocks: 1.Population-scientists students robots and agents. 2.Aspiration of population groups. 3.Territory. 4.Production. 5.Ecology and safety. 6.Finance. 7. External relations - input and output flows of population information resources.The world virtual observatory is the virtual world which consists of three groups of variables - appearances essences and structured uncertainty which defines the number and distribution of arbitrary coefficients in equivalent equations. The consolodation of recources permit to create the large telescopes with distributed structure on our planet and cosmos. Virtual instruments can have the best characteristics by means of collective effects which have investigated in our paper.
María Rosa Fernández Sánchez
Full Text Available Este artículo describe los resultados de investigación de un estudio sobre la conformación de una comunidad de práctica a través de e-learning social y aprendizaje colaborativo en entornos virtuales (CSCL. La muestra está formada por 20 mujeres gitanas adultas y residentes en Extremadura (España heterogéneas en edad, nivel formativo y actividad laboral. El estudio parte de la contextualización y posterior diseño, implementación y evaluación de una acción formativa de e-learning sobre igualdad de oportunidades y liderazgo social. Posteriormente, analiza el contenido de foros del curso, según las dimensiones del modelo «Comunidad de Indagación» que es una de las perspectivas teóricas más prometedoras sobre e-learning y enfoques constructivistas colaborativos y que ha sido desarrollada en cientos de estudios durante la última década. Y, por último, evalúa la experiencia formativa, utilizando la triangulación como procedimiento para el análisis de datos. Se destacan como resultados la validez del diseño y aplicación de la acción formativa; la conformación efectiva de la comunidad de práctica de mujeres gitanas en entornos virtuales de enseñanza-aprendizaje colaborativos; y los cambios significativos en las mujeres participantes que favorecen su promoción socio-cultural. Se aporta un nuevo modelo de intervención socioeducativa con TIC basado en CSCL, destinado a la mejora de la formación y a la promoción sociocultural de los grupos en situación de exclusión social.
Dillenbourg, Pierre; Schneider, Daniel; Synteta, Paraskevi
Is the concept of 'virtual learning environment' just a popular label to describe any educational software? No, the concept includes several interesting features that justify the use of a specific label. We review these features in the first part of our contribution. Do these features guarantee pedagogical effects? No, we review in the second some potential contributions of virtual learning environments.Turning potential effects into actual outcomes is the challenge of designers.
Virtual links were introduced by Kauffman in 1999. We characterize the virtual link invariants that are partition functions of vertex models (as considered by de la Harpe and Jones), both in the real and in the complex case. We show that for any fixed number of states, these invariants form an affine variety. Basic techniques are the first and second fundamental theorem of invariant theory for the orthogonal group (in the sense of Weyl) and some related methods from algebrai...
Full Text Available The autor discuss Virtual Reality concepts and your aplication in School education considering the primary caracteristics and its bases needed for an optimized use of its pontencial allowing the students to discover, exploite and construc your own knowledge. The constant evolution of tecnology is helping Education in new trends of work enphatizing the use of new tools, revolutionizing the teaching/learning process. Virtual Reality has and will continue to have decisive rol in this evolutionary scenario.
Isabel CF da Cruz
Full Text Available The Virtual Health Library Nursing is as the broad of scientific and technical knowledge based in health-entered, organized, and stored in electronic format universally accessible on the WWW and compatible with international databases. The information sources are generated, updated, stored, and manipulated on the Internet by scholars in a decentralized manner using common methodologies for their integration into the Virtual Health Library- Nursing.
Holte, Michael Boelstoft; Gao, Yi; Petersson, Eva
This paper presents the design and evaluation of a usability and user experience test of a virtual dressing room. First, we motivate and introduce our recent developed prototype of a virtual dressing room. Next, we present the research and test design grounded in related usability and user experience studies. We give a description of the experimental setup and the execution of the designed usability and user experience test. To this end, we report interesting results and discuss the results with...
Several million people currently have accounts in massively multi-player online games, places in cyberspace that are effectively large-scale shared virtual reality environments. The population of these virtual worlds has grown rapidly since their inception in 1996; significantly, each world also seems to grow its own economy, with production, assets, and trade with Earth economies. This paper explores two questions about these developments. First, will these economies grow in importance? Seco...
LAKSHAY MALHOTRA; DEVYANI AGARWAL; ARUNIMA JAISWAL?
Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can ...
Virtual machine technology is rapidly gaining acceptance as a fundamental building block in enterprise data centers. It is most known for improving efficiency and ease of management. However, the central issue of this technology is security. We propose in this thesis to enforce the security of virtualized systems and introduce new approaches that deal with different security aspects related not only to the technology itself but also to its deployment and maintenance. We first propose a new ar...
Virtual organizations continuously gain popularity because of the benefits created by them. Generally, they are defined as temporal adhocracies, project oriented, knowledge-based network organizations. The goal of this paper is to present the hypothesis that knowledge system developed by virtual organization is an autopoietic system. The term Ã¢ÂÂautopoiesisÃ¢ÂÂ was introduced by Maturana for self-productive systems. In this paper, Wikipedia is described as an example of an autopoietic sy...
Virtual teams, that is groups of people striving toward a common goal, dispersed across many locations, and communicating with each other predominantly via information and communication technology have become increasingly common forms of organizing work. Globalization, the need to be near customers and the rapid development of technology have enabled and driven this development. The number of studies on virtual teams is increasing but many phenomena are still understudied, especially in real-...
QURESHI, S; Vogel, D.
Computer supported teams are capturing the attention of academics and practitioners as organisations increasingly put them into practice as virtual teams. The practical relevance of current research into computer supported teams could be increased if greater attention is paid to organisational challenges as they form the context within which virtual teamwork takes place. A model of organisational challenges mapped against processes of adaptation is developed to highlight principle factors aff...
Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates
The online social platforms known as virtual worlds present their users various affordances for avatar based co-presence, social interaction and provide tools for collaborative content creation, including objects, textures and animations. The users of these worlds navigate their avatars as personal mediators in 3D virtual space to collaborate and co-design the digital content. These co-designers are also the residents of these worlds, as they socialize by building inworld friendships. This artic...
Evans, Elizabeth H; Tovée, Martin J; Boothroyd, Lynda G; Drewett, Robert F
We examined the sociocultural model of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitude development in young girls for the first time. According to the model, internalizing an unrealistically thin ideal body increases the risk of disordered eating via body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and depression. Girls aged 7-11 years (N=127) completed measures of thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction, dieting, depression, and disordered eating attitudes. Participants' height and weight were measured and their body mass index calculated. Thin-ideal internalization predicted disordered eating attitudes indirectly via body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and depression; it also predicted disordered eating attitudes directly. Path analyses showed that a revised sociocultural model fit well with the data. These data show that a sociocultural framework for understanding disordered eating and body dissatisfaction in adults is useful, with minor modifications, in understanding the development of related attitudes in young girls. PMID:23137857
Víctor, Lorenzo-Sellares; M. Inmaculada, Pedrosa; Balbina, Santana-Expósito; Zoraida, García-González; Mónica, Barroso-Montesinos.
Full Text Available Antecedentes: El análisis del coste de la enfermedad renal crónica basado en datos individuales, por componentes y modalidades terapéuticas no ha sido publicado en España. Objetivos: a) Estudiar los costes sanitarios de un año de tratamiento con hemodiálisis (HD), trasplante renal (TxR) de cadáver y [...] reno-páncreas (TxRP), y de la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada (ERCA) E4 y E5. b) Evaluar la eventual relación entre disparidad sociocultural, costes y modalidad de tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional de: 1) 81 pacientes con ERCA (53 E4 y 28 E5); 2) 162 con más de 3 meses en HD y 3) 173 con más de 6 meses Tx (140 TxR y 33 TxRP). Los costes se evaluaron en cinco categorías: 1) sesiones de HD, 2) consumo farmacéutico, 3) hospitalizaciones, 4) atención ambulatoria y 5) transporte. Se realizó una encuesta de parámetros sociodemográficos. Resultados: El impacto económico de la HD fue de 47 714 ± 18 360 (media ± DS), el del Tx de 13 988 ± 9970 , y el de la ERCA 9654 ± 9412 . El coste de la HD fue el más elevado en todas las partidas económicas. Los costes fueron similares entre TxR y TxRP. En ERCA, a mayor deterioro renal, mayor coste (E4 7846 ± 8901 frente a E5 13 300 ± 9820, p Abstract in english Background: The cost analysis of chronic kidney disease based on individual data for treatment methods and components has not been published in Spain. Objectives: a) To study the health costs of a year of treatment with haemodialysis (HD), deceased donor renal transplantation (RTx), renal-pancreas t [...] ransplantation (RPTx), and S4 and S5 advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) b) Assess the potential relationship between sociocultural diversity, costs and treatment method. Methods: Observational study of: 1) 81 patients with ACKD (53 S4 and 28 S5) 2) 162 with more than 3 months on HD and 3) 173 with a Tx for more than 6 months (140 RTx and 33 RPTx). The costs were assessed in five categories: 1) HD sessions, 2) drug intake, 3) hospitalisation, 4) outpatient care and 5) transportation. We carried out a survey with socio-demographic parameters. Results: The financial impact of HD was 47,714±18,360 (mean±SD), that of Tx 13,988±9970, and that of ACKD 9654±9412. The cost of HD was the highest in all financial items. The costs were similar between RTx and RPTx. In ACKD, the greater the renal deterioration, the greater the cost is (S4 7846±8901 versus S5 13,300±9820, P
Stephanie A, Bryant.
Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva sociocultural que relaciona investigaciones actuales este artículo presenta una discusión sobre la importancia de involucrar a niños Latinos en discusiones de círculos de literatura que usan la literatura de niños culturalmente apropiada, significativa, y relevante en aulas en [...] los Estados Unidos. Además, los profesores son animados a ser practicantes reflexivos y a pensar que una perspectiva pedagógica basada en "los fondos de conocimiento" de los niños que consideran las prácticas de lectoescritura de las familias en casa pueden contribuir al éxito del aprendizaje y la escolaridad de los niños Latinos. Abstract in english This article, reflecting a sociocultural perspective and connections to current research, presents a discussion about the importance of engaging Latino children in literature circle discussions using culturally appropriate, meaningful, and relevant children's literature in classrooms in the United S [...] tates. In addition, teachers are encouraged to be reflective practitioners and to consider a "funds of knowledge" perspective by taking time to understand the literacy practices of the families at home and how they may contribute to success in school for Latino children.
Dr. Elmaziye TÖRE TEM?Z
Full Text Available Every socio-cultural constitution is the complement of organizations which exists by means of economy, politics, religion, education and family. Education is both an organization and a process of socialization from the sociological perspective. Education is a process that is affected and conformed by the society, affects and conforms the society, can change as the society changes and also changes the society with the parallelism of its change. Teachers are the most significant managers of this organization. Teaching is an important profession with its quality and function which enables the society to develop in each field and keep on its existence. The role of education and teachers can not be ignored for Cypriot Turkish Community that is located on a geo-strategic geography during ages.In this study, it is aimed to explain and clarify how Cypriot Turkish community, which had to survive under the Direction of English colony for 82 years, have been able to transmit its socio-cultural structure to the future by the excellent aid of education and teachers despite the physical impossibility and domination.
Bastia, Binaya Kumar
Ignorance of the law of the land is no defence. Furthermore, it is a legal dictum that one should not be held criminally liable unless possessing a guilty mind. But during trials of some sexual offences in India it is often observed that the accused did not know that he had committed an offence because the crime in question was a part of his socio-cultural milieu. India is a vast country with great socio-cultural diversity and many different ethnic groups, each with its own distinct cultures. However, the entire Indian culture is religion based and finds its root from the ancient Holy Scriptures. The sexual culture of Indian society stems from the Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana, an epic on sex. This text is considered holy and is accepted culturally, even though many practices contained therein are offences under modern law. Child marriages and arranged marriages are an integral part of Indian society and in some tribes, even prostitution is socially sanctioned. However, all of these are also against the law. Many of the conflicts observed between the sexual practices that are accepted in Indian culture but not by the law can be explained on the basis that the Indian legal system is borrowed from that of the British. PMID:16564197
Full Text Available Khat (Catha edulis) is a plant of uncertain and highly controversial status grown in the countries around the Red Sea and on the eastern coast of Africa. The chewing of khat leaves has a deep-rooted religious and socio-cultural tradition. Khat is considered a cash crop and its cultivation is a sourc [...] e of economic value to the societies and nations involved. There have, however, been reports of negative economic effects on the individuals engaging in the habit of khat chewing. The increasing use of khat worldwide, along with the negative international attention that this has garnered, has led to the present status of uncertainty of the once indigenous practice of khat chewing. Scientists, mostly western Europeans, have tended to focus on problems related to khat with little attention to the positive role of khat chewing in society and the world at large. In addition, no report has directly associated khat with any organised crime, violence or antisocial activity, particularly in countries where khat is legalised. This paper reviewed the various areas of uncertainty and controversy relating to khat. Based on the findings of the review, further qualitative and quantitative research is required and a positive international approach to khat use at economic, religious and socio-cultural levels is advocated.
Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la conformación del mercado de trabajo de la industria del vestido en Tijuana; se identifican los factores estructurales generadores de precariedad y, según las vivencias respecto a ella, se reconstruyen perfiles distintos de los y las trabajadoras. El objetivo de esta pr [...] opuesta analítica es mostrar la manera en que se entrelazan las escalas micro, meso y macrosocial reproduciendo o produciendo las condiciones de precariedad que prevalecen en los empleos de la industria de la confección en Tijuana. Para interpretar la experiencia de la precariedad, se aborda su dimensión sociocultural, al darle un papel central a los significados que le otorgan las personas al trabajo. Abstract in english This article analyzes the configuration of the garment industry labor market in Tijuana. The structural factors which generate job insecurity are identified, and, depending on personal experiences, different profiles are reconstructed for male and female workers. The analysis proposed seeks to show [...] the way in which the micro-, mezzo- and macrosocial scales intertwine, reproducing or producing the conditions of job insecurity that prevail in this industry. The experience of job insecurity is seen from a sociocultural perspective, giving a central role to the personal meanings of work.
Hanlon, Charlotte; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; Prince, Martin
The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the woman's survival were prominent concerns of all participants, but only rarely perceived to be pathological in intensity. Sociocultural practices such as continuing physical labour, dietary restriction, prayer and rituals to protect against supernatural attack were geared towards safe delivery and managing vulnerability. Despite strong cultural norms to celebrate pregnancy, participants emphasised that many pregnancies were unwanted and an additional burden on top of pre-existing economic and marital difficulties. Short birth interval and pregnancy out of wedlock were both seen as shameful and potent sources of mental distress. The notion that pregnancy in traditional societies is uniformly a time of joy and happiness is misplaced. Although antenatal mental distress may be self-limiting for many women, in those with enduring life difficulties, including poverty and abusive relationships, poor maternal mental health may persist. PMID:20148274
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the socio-cultural characteristics and willingness of graduate education of teacher candidates. The study consists of 312 candidates including 140 female and 172 male attending to Primary Education Departments in F?rat, ?nönü and Erzincan Universities in the 2008-2009 academic years. This research in which screening model was used a descriptive character. The data were collected with identified socio-cultural characteristics questionnaire by which was developed researcher and with a Likert-type scale determined willingness of postgraduate. The data on the scale was analyzed using techniques such as arithmetic average, percentage distribution and frequency in the SPSS 15.0 package program. As a result of the statistical analysis in theresearch it was observed that 70,1 percent of students were graduated from public high schools; 90,4 percent of mothers were housewife; 35,6 percent of fathers were civil servant and according to the father educational status, the majority of level education was in the middle school level educational. According to the familys income, it was seen that students had come from lower and middle income families of society. Also, it was concluded that students willingness to the postgraduate was positive but willingness scores not very high.
Full Text Available Within these years, there has been a significant increase in the number of Chinese Mainland sojourners studying in Hong Kong. Due to the huge differences in various aspects like language, culture, cultural value, it would be considerably difficult for the Chinese Mainland students to adapt to the Hong Kong environment. This article investigates the ways for a group of doctoral students from Chinese Mainland to acculturate in Hong Kong. With the help of questionnaires, the difficulties that the sojourners have encountered in social situations are measured. It is found out that age and gender may have influenced the participants acculturation strategies, and interpersonal relationship is that which the subjects have the most difficulties with, while academic domain is the area with the least difficulties. Meanwhile, the results have shown that competence of local language is not a determinant factor of the sociocultural adaptation, and female subjects seem to adapt better than male subjects.Keywords: sojourner, acculturation, sociocultural adaptation, acculturation strategy
Examples are given of two types of comparative study that explore the sociocultural factors that shape public attitudes. In the first, public perceptions of nuclear power were assessed by answers to a questionnaire on a broad range of factors by 1500 people in France and the USA. A degree of homogeniety was observed in the responses from France and the USA. Strikingly, both populations agreed in their evaluation of the health risk represented by nuclear power plant. Thus the apparently greater acceptance of nuclear power in France does not seem to be associated with a lesser perception of risk. However, presented with the statement ''We can trust the experts and engineers who build, operate and regulate nuclear power'' 66% of the French agreed compared to only 43% of the Americans. These results reflect two different types of relationship between society and authority. In the second study the approach to gaining public trust and acceptance in the siting of nuclear waste research facilities was compared between the UK and France. Striking differences were found. In this case, too, an explanation can be put forward in terms of the sociocultural variables which influence institutional decision making, particularly in the role and form given to authority. (UK)
Vázquez Casillas, José Fernando
Full Text Available There is no doubt that photography was a transcendental element in nineteenth-century that definitely democratized portraiture. Citizenship found in this procedure the most effective way for their social representation. In this sense, this article deals with the important role photography played as as sociocultural document in late nineteenth-century through post mortem portrait studio. To understand this iconography we take as reference to Gaspard-Félix Tournachon «Nadar» testimony. The reflections of this photographer and theorist will help to clarify the social role of post mortem portrait at that time.No cabe duda de que la fotografía se posicionó en el siglo XIX como el elemento trascendental que democratizó definitivamente el retrato. La ciudadanía halló en este procedimiento el medio más eficaz para su representación social. En este sentido, planteamos en este artículo el importante papel que va a desempeñar la fotografía como documento sociocultural a finales del siglo XIX a través del estudio ideológico del retrato post mórtem como una modalidad usual en el ámbito familiar de aquel tiempo. Para la comprensión de esta iconografía tomamos como referente las reflexiones del fotógrafo y teórico Gaspard-Félix Tournachon «Nadar», con el fin de profundizar tanto en la función social del retrato de difuntos como en su posicionamiento dentro de la práctica fotográfica.
Oteros-Rozas, E.; Martín-López, B.
The ecosystem services framework is receiving increasing attention in the fields of policy and research. The assessment of human attitudes and perceptions regarding ecosystem services has been proposed as a promising tool for addressing complex problems associated with environmental change, particularly in the context of cultural landscapes. Transhumance is not only a farming practice responsible for shaping cultural landscapes but also an adaptive strategy based on mobility that may represent a useful approach to overcoming the growing challenges posed by accelerated environmental change. A socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services associated with the Conquense Drove Road, one of the major transhumant networks still in use in Mediterranean Spain, was conducted via the distribution of questionnaires to 416 local residents and visitors to capture their perceptions regarding the importance of 34 ecosystem services (10 provisioning, 12 regulating, and 12 cultural) for both social and personal well-being. Overall, the ecosystem services considered to be the most important for social well-being were fire prevention, air purification and livestock. Most of the ecosystem services in question were perceived as declining, with the exception of those associated with recreation, scientific knowledge and environmental education. This study revealed that perceptions regarding the value of ecosystem services differed among respondents, depending on their age, place of origin and gender. Several methodological issues, as well as the implications of socio-cultural valuation for policy making, are also discussed here. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to study the socio-cultural index of rice electronic marketing users in Rasht Township, Iran. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 367 paddy farmers in Rasht Township. To identify the socio-cultural characteristics of rice e-marketing users, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the face and content validity were used. Reliability for the instrument was estimated at 0.81. The Kurskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney test have been used to identify the effective factors on e-marketing. The result revealed that almost 68% of farmers had high tendency to adoption of electronic marketing and more than 70% of respondents chose rural ICT offices for rice e-marketing. Experience in using the internet services and internet skill had significant effects on e-marketing adoption. Finally, the result of this research presents a brokerage model. The nature of this model is (B2C which means truck between business (ICT office and customers. In this model, rural ICT offices have a role as buy/sell fulfillment.
Wagoner, Brady; Gillespie, Alex
The reported research uses an extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction to provide data on the sociocultural processes underlying reconstructive remembering. Twenty participants worked in pairs to remember the War of the Ghosts story 15 min and 1 week after presentation. The observed transformations were comparable to previous research with individuals. Going beyond previous research, we analyse participants' discourse to provide a window on the processes underlying these transformations. Textual excerpts demonstrate how imagery, narrative coherence, deduction, repetition, gesture, questioning and deferring contribute to the transformation and conventionalization of the material. These diverse sociocultural mediators are integrated into a partially coherent recollection by participants self-reflecting, or as Bartlett termed it, turning around upon their schemas. We demonstrate that this self-reflection is both a social and a psychological process, occurring because participants are responding totheir own utterances in the same way that they respond to the utterances of other people. These empirical findings are used to make a case for using discursive data to look not only at discursive processes but also at socially situated and scaffolded psychological processes.
Full Text Available Children learn their native language in a relatively rapid time and are able to communicate from very early using language. But is the acquisition of their native culture and native language dependent on each other (LeVine & Norman, 2001; Riesman, 1993? The present study aims to investigate the extent to which parents provide their children with direct and indirect negative feedback while they are acquiring sociocultural aspects of their language. A group of parents (N=75 from three social backgrounds were interviewed. The results showed that parents used direct negative feedback more than indirect negative evidence while correcting a culturally inappropriate utterance (calling parents by their first names. Also it was found that parents from middle class socioeconomic status used more direct negative evidence than parents from a working class background who showed no significant difference regarding the use of different types of negative feedback. These results show the importance of negative feedback in the acquisition of sociocultural and pragmatic aspects of the native language.
... treatments A - D Contact dermatitis Signs and symptoms Contact dermatitis: Signs and symptoms Allergic contact dermatitis : Testing ... these symptoms, you need immediate medical care. Allergic contact dermatitis This skin condition occurs when you have ...
Colin, Vincent; Ghiggini, Paolo; Honda, Ko; Hutchings, Michael
We define a relative version of contact homology for contact manifolds with convex boundary, and prove basic properties of this relative contact homology. Similar considerations also hold for embedded contact homology.
Full Text Available This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between social support (Zimet et al., 1988, self-efficacy (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995, and socio-cultural adjustment (Ward & Kennedy, 1999. The sample consisted of 185 international undergraduate students in one of the public higher education institutions in Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was employed to test the hypotheses. The findings from this study indicated that support from friends and significant others is positively related to all dimensions of socio-cultural adjustment and support from family is positively related to cultural empathy. Self-efficacy is positively related to cultural empathy.
Colin, Vincent; Stipsicz, András
Symplectic and contact geometry naturally emerged from the mathematical description of classical physics. The discovery of new rigidity phenomena and properties satisfied by these geometric structures launched a new research field worldwide. The intense activity of many European research groups in this field is reflected by the ESF Research Networking Programme "Contact And Symplectic Topology" (CAST). The lectures of the Summer School in Nantes (June 2011) and of the CAST Summer School in Budapest (July 2012) provide a nice panorama of many aspects of the present status of contact and symplectic topology. The notes of the minicourses offer a gentle introduction to topics which have developed in an amazing speed in the recent past. These topics include 3-dimensional and higher dimensional contact topology, Fukaya categories, asymptotically holomorphic methods in contact topology, bordered Floer homology, embedded contact homology, and flexibility results for Stein manifolds.
Niang, S O
Because of the widespread repartition of allergens, allergic contact dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin disease. It's the best model of dilated hypersensibility mediated by T lymphocytes cells. Atopic dermatitis and irritative dermatitis are to be distinguished to contact dermatitis. The aetiological diagnosis is the most important step of management of patients with that disease because it's the best way to avoid recurrences. The identification of cause is based on aetiological interrogatory and epicutaneous tests with 23 allergens completed with personnel products and specialised tests. Contact dermatitis can be classified according to results of aetiological management. In occupational contact dermatitis, contact dermatitis due to drugs, to metals, cosmetics, clothes and accessory and proteins. Management of patients with contact dermatitis is based on individual eviction, protection, cosmetovigilance, declaration of occupational dermatosis and allergovigilance. PMID:19102084
Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: (1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, (2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, (3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location and existence independent plan, (4) a Concrete Planner, which maps an abstract, logical plan onto concrete, physical grid resources accounting for staging in/out files and publishing results to a replica location service. A CMS Workflow Planner, MCRunJob, is used to generate virtual data products using the Virtual Data Language. Subsequently, a prototype workflow manager, known as WorkRunner, is used to schedule the instantiation of virtual data products across a grid
Define a "Liouville domain" to be a compact exact symplectic manifold with contact-type boundary. We use embedded contact homology to assign to each four-dimensional Liouville domain (or subset thereof) a sequence of real numbers, which we call "ECH capacities". The ECH capacities of a Liouville domain are defined in terms of the "ECH spectrum" of its boundary, which measures the amount of symplectic action needed to represent certain classes in embedded contact homology. Us...
Fischer-Cripps, Anthony C
Contact mechanics deals with the elastic or plastic contact between two solid objects, and is thus intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity.This text, intended for advanced undergraduates, begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and fractures in brittle solids.This is followed by a detailed discussion of stresses and the nature of elastic and elastic-plastic contact.
Jacobson, Steven D.
Certain examples provide optical contact micrometers and methods of use. An example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable lenses to receive an object and immobilize the object in a position. The example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable mirrors positioned with respect to the pair of lenses to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses. The example optical contact micrometer includes a microscope to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses via the mirrors; and an interferometer to obtain one or more measurements of the object.
Weizer, Victor G.; Fatemi, Navid S.
Contact formation to InP is plagued by the violent metal-semiconductor intermixing that takes place during the contact sintering process. We have discovered a truly unique contact system, involving Au and Ge, which is easily fabricated, which exhibits extremely low values of contact resistivity, and in which there is virtually no metal-semiconductor interdiffusion, even after extended sintering. We present a description of this contact system and suggest possible mechanisms to explain the observed behavior.
Ellis, Stephen R.
Natural environments have a content, i.e., the objects in them; a geometry, i.e., a pattern of rules for positioning and displacing the objects; and a dynamics, i.e., a system of rules describing the effects of forces acting on the objects. Human interaction with most common natural environments has been optimized by centuries of evolution. Virtual environments created through the human-computer interface similarly have a content, geometry, and dynamics, but the arbitrary character of the computer simulation creating them does not insure that human interaction with these virtual environments will be natural. The interaction, indeed, could be supernatural but it also could be impossible. An important determinant of the comprehensibility of a virtual environment is the correspondence between the environmental frames of reference and those associated with the control of environmental objects. The effects of rotation and displacement of control frames of reference with respect to corresponding environmental references differ depending upon whether perceptual judgement or manual tracking performance is measured. The perceptual effects of frame of reference displacement may be analyzed in terms of distortions in the process of virtualizing the synthetic environment space. The effects of frame of reference displacement and rotation have been studied by asking subjects to estimate exocentric direction in a virtual space.
Full Text Available Assaultive acts committed by people with a mental illness is a major public health issue that affects patients with their families, law enforcement authorities, and the public at large. Failure to provide treatment is in fact a major predictor of assaultive acts in patients with schizophrenia living in the community. Considering that the indigenous ethnic groups of Central Asia have similar sociocultural characteristics, these factors may be reflected in individuals with schizophrenia who have committed serious assaultive acts in Uzbekistan.Objectives: The aim of the work was to identify the sociocultural and clinical characteristics of schizophrenic representatives of indigenous ethnic groups of Central Asia who have committed violent crimes in Uzbekistan and have been found insane in regard to their offence, and to compare these subjects to ones belonging to the other ethnic groups.Material and methods: The data were collected in 20102013 in the Tashkent High Security Psychiatric Hospital via face-to-face interviews and also from the patients charts and from forensic psychiatric examination statements.Results: The sample consisted of 201 individuals. The sample was 90.1 percent (n = 181 male, with a predominance of the paranoid schizophrenia subtype according to the ICD-10 criteria. Of the subjects, 174 ones (86.6% were representatives of the indigenous ethnic groups of Central Asia, and 27 ones (13.4% were representatives of other ethnic groups. The duration of illness among the subjects belonging to the indigenous ethnic groups of Central Asia was less than in the other group; the individuals were rarely referred to psychiatric care because of the popularity of alternative medicine and the stigma attached to mental illness. A positive correlation between violence and various psychotic symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorder, has also been demonstrated in this group.Conclusions: Sociocultural characteristics, such as delayed referral for psychiatric care because of the popularity of alternative medicine and the stigma attached to mental illness among the indigenous ethnic groups of Central Asia, frequently factor into committing serious acts of assault because of developing psychotic symptoms at the early stages of disease despite their sufficient socioenvironmental adaptation.
Goldfarb, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration
ATLAS Virtual Visits is a project initiated in 2011 for the Education & Outreach program of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN. Its goal is to promote public appreciation of the LHC physics program and particle physics, in general, through direct dialogue between ATLAS physicists and remote audiences. A Virtual Visit is an IP-based videoconference, coupled with a public webcast and video recording, between ATLAS physicists and remote locations around the world, that typically include high school or university classrooms, Masterclasses, science fairs, or other special events, usually hosted by collaboration members. Over the past two years, more than 10,000 people, from all of the worlds continents, have actively participated in ATLAS Virtual Visits, with many more enjoying the experience from the publicly available webcasts and recordings. We present an overview of our experience and discuss potential development for the future.
The first Indico virtual event will take place on February 4th 15:00 and will focus on two main topics The release of Indico v1.2 The migration of the OO Indico backend database (ZODB) to a more standard DBMS It will be fully virtual using the CERN Vidyo service and will foster discussions between developers and administrators of Indico servers worldwide. Connections to the virtual room will be open, but attendees are encouraged to register to the event, in order to be informed of any changes in the organisation if any. If you would like to add a topic of discussion or propose yourself a contribution, please let us know at email@example.com. Connection to Vidyo Vidyo connection details are available here CERN Vidyo service documentation can be found here First-time users are encouraged to try the service before connecting to the real event
Full Text Available Sometimes a player will stray from the path described by a game, moving into new spaces, developing new possible modes of interaction, and often discovering the rougher edges of the game world, where physics models break down, textures become incongruous, and the pieces dont quite fit together. Gameplay that seeks out these spaces and these phenomena, that searches for such clues to the underlying construction of the virtual environment, is a kind of virtual-world naturalism, at once a return to an investigative urge that has been subsumed to the exhaustive mapping and description of the real world and a form of resistance to the very idea of pre-defined paths of action, of externally imposed limits, in virtual worlds as well as in our own.
Roth, D.; Warner, J F
Virtual water, water needed for crop production, is now being mainstreamed in the water policy world. Relying on virtual water in the form of food imports is increasingly recommended as good policy for water-scarce areas. Virtual water globalizes discussions on water scarcity, ecological sustainability, food security and consumption. Presently the concept is creating much noise in the water and food policy world, which contributes to its politicization. We will argue that the virtual water ...
Bretheau, L.; Girit, Ç.; Tosi, L; Goffman, M.; Joyez, P; Pothier, H.; Esteve, D.; Urbina, C.
We review our experiments on the electronic transport properties of atomic contacts between metallic electrodes, in particular superconducting ones. Despite ignorance of the exact atomic configuration, these ultimate quantum point contacts can be manipulated and well characterized in-situ. They allow performing fundamental tests of the scattering theory of quantum transport. In particular, we discuss the case of the Josephson effect.
Full Text Available ... MD, professor of ophthalmology at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. "This is far from the truth." In fact, it is illegal to sell colored contact lenses without a prescription in the United States. All contact lenses are medical devices that require a prescription and proper fitting ...
Full Text Available ... Contact Lenses Colored Contact Lenses Eyeglasses IOLs Refractive Surgery & LASIK Sunglasses Living EyeSmart About Ophthalmologists Adults Under 40 Adults 40 to 60 Adults Over 60 Babies, Children & Teenagers Computer Usage Diabetes Diet & Nutrition Eye Injuries Eye ...
The number of international students engaging in intercultural education and thereby adjusting to cross-cultural transition has risen conspicuously as a consequence of globalization and increased mobility. This process of acculturation has been associated with increased creativity as well as adaptation challenges. This paper investigates international students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment to studying at Aarhus University in Denmark. Both international students (n = 129) and domestic students (n = 111) participated in the study. The international students did not report impaired psychological conditions as compared to the control group of domestic students. However, the international students reported a significantly lower level of social support. Social support and perceived discrimination were significant predictors of both psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Additionally, the level of English proficiency alone predicted sociocultural adjustment. Values of vertical individualism and horizontal collectivism predicted psychological adjustment. Finally, integration was found to be a significantly more adaptive acculturation orientation than separation in regard to sociocultural adjustment. These findings were discussed in relation to relevant international research and it was concluded that international students comprise a resourceful student sample and that the international academic environment at Aarhus University appears to be an adequately cultural and value-oriented good fit as a context of reception for the multicultural engagement of international students. PMID:26565736
Manan, Syed Abdul; David, Maya Khemlani; Dumanig, Francisco Perlas
Sociocultural theory and constructionists propose that language learning is a socially and culturally mediated process, and they emphasize on social interaction. This study examines the amount of students' exposure to the school language to account for the link between English-medium policies in low-fee English-medium schools and children's
DeBate, Rita; Lewis, Melissa; Zhang, Yan; Blunt, Heather; Thompson, Sharon H.
Background: Although females have a higher incidence of eating disorders than males, there is evidence that among college students both males and females are vulnerable to risk factors associated with eating disorders. Purpose: To explore the relationship between sociocultural attitudes towards appearance (SCATA), body shape (dis)satisfaction
Clark, Levina; Tiggemann, Marika
This study tested whether an individual's beliefs about the importance of appearance in their life is a mediator of sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction in young girls. Participants were 265 girls in Grades 4 to 7 (M age = 10.71 years) from 5 private primary schools in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. Girls completed
Glassman, Melissa E.; McKearney, Karen; Saslaw, Minna; Sirota, Dana R.
Background: Latinas have high breastfeeding initiation rates that decrease significantly in the first postpartum months. Little is known about the effects of self-efficacy and sociocultural factors on early breastfeeding among low-income Latinas. This study quantifies early breastfeeding rates and identifies factors associated with breastfeeding at 46 weeks postpartum in our community.
Wilksch, Simon M.; Wade, Tracey D.
Thin-ideal (or media) internalization is an important eating disorder risk factor that has become a central target of many prevention programs. However, evidence for its valid assessment in young, mixed-gender, adolescent samples is limited, and the current study is the first to explore the psychometric properties of the 30-item Sociocultural
Brown, Keffrelyn D.
Drawing from the work of philosophers Sylvia Wynter and Ian Hacking, in this conceptual article I argue why a humanizing critical approach to sociocultural knowledge is needed for teacher education, particularly in preparing teachers to work effectively with black students. In light of enduring concerns in teacher education with improving the
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences exist with regard to music achievement, music self-concept, or student course satisfaction among students enrolled in four different sections of an undergraduate music appreciation course taught from chronological or sociocultural approaches in online or face-to-face formats.
Cook, Clayton R.; Jimerson, Shane R.; Begeny, John C.
School psychology exists in many countries around the world; however, it is far from ubiquitous. The extant literature offers limited empirical information addressing why school psychology may be present in some countries but not in others. The purpose of this study was to conduct a comparative investigation examining four sociocultural and
This qualitative study explored the political, economic, socio-cultural, and educational challenges of administering a Sino-U.S. joint-venture campus in the People's Republic of China. China American University (CAU) is an educational joint venture between China Investment Company (CIC) and American University (AU) in the U.S. that resulted in
Alshareef, Husam N.
In this article, we review current research activities in contact material development for electronic and nanoelectronic devices. A fundamental issue in contact materials research is to understand and control interfacial reactions and phenomena that modify the expected device performance. These reactions have become more challenging and more difficult to control as new materials have been introduced and as device sizes have entered the deep nanoscale. To provide an overview of this field of inquiry, this issue of MRS Bulletin includes articles on gate and contact materials for Si-based devices, junction contact materials for Si-based devices, and contact materials for alternate channel substrates (Ge and III-V), nanodevices. © 2011 Materials Research Society.
To reduce plant down time during irradiated fuel cell dismantling at Torness Power Station, a new visualisation technique has been used for the manipulator. Complex computer graphics packages were used to provide a ''Virtual Reality'' environment which allowed the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell to be simulated. Significant cost savings have been achieved due to reductions in lost output. The virtual reality environment is at present being extended to the design and deployment of a new manipulator for in-vessel inspection of the boiler. (UK)
Bainbridge, William Sims
The newest communication technologies are profoundly changing the world's politics, economies, and cultures, but the specific implications of online gameworlds remain mysterious. The Virtual Future employs theories and methods from social science to explore nine very different virtual futures: The Matrix Online, Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, Star Trek Online, EVE Online, Star Wars Galaxies, World of Warcraft: Burning Crusade, and The Chronicles of Riddick. Each presents a different picture of how technology and society could evolve in coming centuries, but one theme runs thro
Holte, Michael Boelstoft
This paper presents a review of recent developments and future perspectives, addressing the problem of creating a virtual dressing room. First, we review the current state-of-the-art of exiting solutions and discuss their applicability and limitations. We categorize the exiting solutions into three kinds: (1) virtual real-time 2D image/video techniques, where the consumer gets to superimpose the clothes on their real-time video to visualize themselves wearing the clothes. (2) 2D and 3D mannequin...
Full Text Available Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can be used on multiple machines at the same time.
Harreld, Michael R.; Valentino, Daniel J.; Duckwiler, Gary R.; Lufkin, Robert B.; Karplus, Walter J.
Intracranial aneurysms are the primary cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Morbidity and mortality remain high even with current endovascular intervention techniques. It is presently impossible to identify which aneurysms will grow and rupture, however hemodynamics are thought to play an important role in aneurysm development. With this in mind, we have simulated blood flow in laboratory animals using three dimensional computational fluid dynamics software. The data output from these simulations is three dimensional, complex and transient. Visualization of 3D flow structures with standard 2D display is cumbersome, and may be better performed using a virtual reality system. We are developing a VR-based system for visualization of the computed blood flow and stress fields. This paper presents the progress to date and future plans for our clinical VR-based intervention simulator. The ultimate goal is to develop a software system that will be able to accurately model an aneurysm detected on clinical angiography, visualize this model in virtual reality, predict its future behavior, and give insight into the type of treatment necessary. An associated database will give historical and outcome information on prior aneurysms (including dynamic, structural, and categorical data) that will be matched to any current case, and assist in treatment planning (e.g., natural history vs. treatment risk, surgical vs. endovascular treatment risks, cure prediction, complication rates).
Yoshihama, Mieko; Tolman, Richard M
This article describes the use of interactive theater, audience response assessment, and peer educators to create community-generated approaches for bystander interventions (i.e., actions taken by people who become aware of controlling, abusive and violent behavior of others) to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) and to foster change in community norms. We include a case example of an ongoing university-community partnership, which mobilizes community members to develop and implement socioculturally relevant IPV prevention programs in multiple Asian communities. We used interactive theater at a community event--a walk to raise awareness about IPV in South Asian communities--and examined how the enacted bystander interventions reflect specific community contexts. We detail the challenges and limitations we have encountered in our attempts to implement this approach in collaboration with our community partners. PMID:25589439
Lima, Paulo; Ostermann, Fernanda; Rezende, Flavia
In the first three sections of this paper we comment on some of the ideas developed in the forum papers, pointing out possible misunderstandings and constructing new explanations that clarify arguments we made in the original article. In the last section we expand the discussion raised in the original paper, elaborating on the limits of the use of Marxist approaches to sociocultural studies of science education. Following insights suggested by Loxley et al. (Cult Stud Sci Educ. doi: 10.1007/s11422-013-9554-z, 2013) and detailed by Zuss (Cult Stud Sci Educ. doi: 10.1007/s11422-013-9555-y, 2014) on the commodification of knowledge, we sketch an analysis of how knowledge is transformed into capital to understand why contemporary scholars are likely to be engaged in a relation of production that resembles capitalist exploitation.
Shiotani, Rubina; Hennink, Monique
India has amongst the highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, with an estimated 2 million new cases each year. The greatest burden of disease is amongst low socio-economic groups, where poor adherence to treatment by directly observed therapy (DOT) is a major constraint to TB control. This study used qualitative in-depth interviews with TB patients and front-line health providers to identify sociocultural and gender influences on DOT adherence. The results highlight the mismatch between cultural norms and directly observed therapy, short-course (DOTS) treatment provision and the divide between providers' and patients' perspectives on treatment default. Improving the efficacy of DOT depends upon acknowledging and addressing underlying cultural influences, which are particularly evident amongst patients from culturally conservative scheduled tribes. PMID:25223868
Le Normand, Marie-Thérèse; Parisse, Christophe; Cohen, Henri
In this study, we examined the influence of child gender and sociocultural (SCL) factors in language production. Subjects were French Parisian children in nine age groups (24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45 and 48 months). A total of 316 language samples were recorded during a 20-min standardized play session. Measures of grammatical and lexical development included Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) and word type and token - specifically, grammatical words such as determiners, prepositions and pronouns as well as verbs. ANOVAs revealed strong influences of SCL, with children from high SCL families showing more complex lexical productions and a higher rate of development. These observations suggest that amount of exposure to language accounts for this differential rate of acquisition. Analyses also revealed a general effect of gender, showing a small advantage in language production for girls over boys until 36 months of age. PMID:18092219
Full Text Available Science education research predominantly shows that students improve their scientific understandings when they tinker (or pull apart tools and simple household machines. In this study, the qualitative data collected took the form of online journal entries by final year, female, primary teacher trainees, who reflected upon their early childhood experiences of tinkering. Data analysis, from a socio-cultural perspective, shows that many of these fledgling teachers of technology face similar issues found for young girls. Results of the study indicate that teaching technology is as much about winning hearts as educating minds. These personal reflections on very deep responses to technology must be an important part of preparing teachers to deal with young childrens learning and responses.
Full Text Available In an increasingly glocalized world, the success of NBCs still-running remake of the BBCs The Office would seem to indicate the continuing vitality of Britcom adaptations on American network television. Initiated by US producer and comedy writer Norman Lear in the early 1970s, such cross-cultural translation has nevertheless had a long history of hit-or-miss experiences over the decades. Following an analysis of how the early television developments of the situation comedy genre in both countries may have favoured the emergence of different types of sitcom humour, this article will introduce several case-studies of US Britcom remakes so as to map out the socio-cultural specificities at work in the retooling process central to such exchanges from the British to the American television industry.
López Entrambasaguas, Olga María; Granero-Molina, José; Hernández-Padilla, Jose; Fernández-Sola, Cayetano
The Bolivian indigenous Ayoreo ethnic people are vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections and HIV. Ayoreo women who also work in sex trades belong to an extremely high-risk group, and prevention programs are not delivering effective outcomes for them. The aim of our study was to explore, describe, and understand behavioral and cultural patterns related to sexual and reproductive health in Ayoreo sex workers. A qualitative-ethnographic study was designed; data were collected through participant observation and in-depth interviews with sex workers and key informants. Two fundamental themes contributing to HIV risk for female Ayoreo sex workers in Bolivia emerged: reproductive/sexual freedom and sociocultural risk determinants. We concluded that the in-depth examination of the sexual-reproductive culture amongst the Ayoreo has provided useful information, which might contribute to the cultural adaptation and design of future policies and prevention programs for sexually transmitted infections and HIV in this group. PMID:26329475
Paris, Joel; Lis, Eric
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a common and severe clinical problem. While cross-cultural research suggests that this condition can be identified in different societies, indirect evidence suggests that BPD and some of its associated symptoms (suicidality and self-harm) have a higher prevalence in developed countries. If so, sociocultural and historical mechanisms may have influenced the development of the disorder. While the vulnerabilities underlying BPD are broad and nonspecific, specific symptoms can be shaped by culture. The mechanisms involve the influence of a "symptom bank," as well as the role of social contagion. These trends may be related to a decrease in social cohesion and social capital in modern societies. PMID:23222803
Pokrajac-Bulian, A; Ambrosi-Randic, N
Four hundred and seventy-one girls and young women aged 14 to 23 were surveyed regarding their awareness and internalization of the thin ideal and body dissatisfaction. Measures included the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ). These young women were found to express a large degree of body dissatisfaction which was significantly related to the internalization and awareness of the thin ideal. Multiple analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied in order to determine the effects of age, awareness and internalization on body image using body mass index (BMI) as covariate. It was concluded that the girls with high scores on the internalization and awareness scales were the most dissatisfied with their bodies. The present study suggests that the awareness and adoption of the thin body ideal and high body dissatisfaction are a part of the process of globalization, which is now present in most cultures and nations. PMID:18227632
It seems likely that an increasing number of young people in the isolated region of Ladakh are experiencing mental problems in relation to the process of acculturation. Ladakh, a Himalayan region situated in the northeast of India, has undergone rapid development. It has been influenced by the opening of the area for tourists in 1974 and from the massive presence of the Indian military. This work explores the discourses among intellectuals, practitioners and young people about psychopathology among the Ladakhi youth in relation to socio-cultural changes. Based on the discourse analysis and a review of relevant theoretical perspectives, it is argued that development is causing a greater diversity in the youth, and that the combination of greater pressure and less cultural support may be causing an increase in psychopathology.
Wetlands are ecosystems with environmental and ecological importance that require of a new methodological and legal focus that allows developing conservation policies in agreement with the natural and socio-cultural conditions. In the Magdalena Medio Antioqueno, CORANTIOQUIA region, were recognized 362 wetlands, divided in two main groups; in Puerto Nare and Puerto Berrio to the south prevails herbaceous wetlands without permanent surface water, locally known as Bajos. In Yondo the wetlands have permanent surface water. The environmental dynamic depends from the geomorphologic and hydrological conditions and are affected in a differential way by the human action. The region is the result of a long occupation process that begins in prehistoric times and had changed depending on the different historical moments. This complex social configuration has given origin to diverse perceptions and types of appropriation of the wetlands what explains the identified environmental circumstances
Risgaard, M. L.; Frederiksen, P.
Conversion to organic farming, along with driving forces and barriers, has been explored intensively during the past decade, while studies on localization and impacts of local socio-cultural processes on conversion to and diffusion of organic farming have been scarce. Concentrations of organic farms in Denmark differ according to county, and moreover there appeared to be large within-county variation in the density of organic farms. The present study explores the local aspects of conversion to organic farming and the factors that may help explain the variations in density and concentration of organic farms within smaller areas. The study is based on nine qualitative interviews with organic farmers from two neighboring areas, referred to as "mainland" and "island". Three farms were situated in the high-density area (mainland) and the remaining six in the low-density area (island). Furthermore, five advisors with connections to the area provided information on their local experiences and perceptions
Tomás Peters Núñez
Full Text Available El presente artículo demuestra la afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta de participación y consumo cultural 2009, de Chile, se muestra evidencia estadística de que el consumo cultural mantiene una afinidad electiva con las valoraciones democráticas, políticas, sociales y ciudadanas de los consumidores. Esta tendencia también es observable entre las personas que pertenecen a segmentos de la población con bajos ingresos económicos, pero que realizan un alto consumo cultural. Con base en las actuales discusiones sobre el estudio del consumo cultural, el artículo desarrolla una reflexión teórica sobre el concepto de consumo cultural y su interrelación con otras dimensiones sociales y políticas. Se discuten los usos del concepto en los estudios sobre consumo cultural en América Latina y se propone una definición que considere las valoraciones que los sujetos hacen sobre los procesos socioculturales que vivencian.
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Full Text Available The purpose of this work is the complex sociocultural characteristics of the commanders of units of special approach on the territory of Orel province in 1922. The information about the age of commanders, their educational level, the extent of their military training, office and battle experience, family status is given. The author comes to the conclusion that men at the age between 25 and 30, family (as a rule, with primary education and military training, sufficient office and battle experience stood at the head of Orel ChON at the moment of its final organizational formation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-2-12
Tate, Nutrena H; Davis, Jean E; Yarandi, Hossein N
The purpose of this study was to examine the sociocultural factors related to weight behaviors in African American adolescents utilizing a social ecological approach. A descriptive correlational design included a sample of 145 African American adolescents. Perceived familial socialization, ethnic identity, physical activity, and eating behavior patterns were measured. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlations, and multiple regression equations. Perceived maternal socialization was significantly related to adolescent eating behaviors and physical activity whereas perceived paternal socialization was significantly related only to their physical activity. The adolescents' ethnic identity was not significantly related to their eating behaviors or physical activity. Health care providers who work with adolescents and their families can use the initial findings from this study to encourage healthy weight-related behaviors while reducing the obesity epidemic within the African American adolescent population in a developmentally appropriate and culturally sensitive manner. PMID:24895047
Full Text Available The world wide web infrastructure has brought a revolutionary change in the organisation and presentation of information. Such a change resulted in the concept of virtual libraries. Of the numerous virtual library applications, we envision a virtual walkthrough application. Here, a user, with access to the internet or intranet, can explore a specific place of interest without having to travel physically. The place of interest is modelled as a virtual world, containing a vast number of virtual objects. This paper describes the two modules of our project 'virtual walkthrough for Defence Science Library': (a Module 1General Browsing, provides the user with the interface to view the virtual tour of the DSL that allows users to visit the library and its services virtually through the web and (b Module 2Guided Tour, complements the text-based search of the user for the books with an extended multimedia interface for retrieval of books in the library.
Lystbæk, Christian Tang
The paper presents a socio-cultural perspective on supervision in professional education, which challenges the current reflective paradigm and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge. Reflection has moved from the margins to the mainstream in the field of supervision, especially as this is conceptualized and operationalized in professional education. In the 1980s, ideas about the importance of reflection in professional practice, and especially in professional education and learning, became prominent in the professional education and learning literature. The most frequently cited source has been Schön (1983), although many others have contributed to the Zeitgeist. Thus, from many different perspectives, researchers in the field of professional education and learning have suggested that professional practitioners and students could and should develop their work and skills by thinking critically about their actions. However, over the last twenty years, the ideas about reflective practice what it means and how it is done have moved away form their radical roots. The idea of reflective practice has been formalized by regulatory bodies as a way to develop the professionalism of both individual professional practitioners as students through continuing professional developmental processes. Consequently, reflection is often used as a `tool´ for personal and professional development, and practitioners and students are expected to document this, typically in some sort of written record or portfolio. Thus, reflection is often limited to assessment issues, and the original idea of reflection as a modus of critical praxis is reversed and turned into a tool for control and orthodoxy (Kilminster et al., 2010). This conceptual paper presents a critical, socio-cultural perspective on the current paradigm or dogma of reflective practice within supervision in professional education and learning. The purpose I to challenge the dogma and critically to analyze and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge.
The purpose of study was to clarify the socio-cultural impacts of the regulation and construction of Oulujoki river on the everyday life of people. Changes in work and livelihood, living and living satisfaction, and leisure time and recreation are considered as variables. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in the study. The principal study material is composed of answers to a questionnaire and of 109 thematic interviews on the topic. The hold of the study is phenomenological-hermeneutical, with the intention to interpret the matter from the viewpoint of the attitudes and requirements of the waterway users. The theoretical frame of reference was culture-ecological point of view and adaptive process. The emphasis of the study is on sociocultural adaptation. The attitude towards waterway construction and regulation was dependent on the background of the person interviewed. The attitude was considered e.g. by various interest groups and professional groups, such as farmers, inhabitants on the shore, recreation users, fishermen, municipal elected officials. Other important variables were age, family stage and sex. Big local differences in the attitudes could also be found. While prevailing values in society and peoples' modes of living are changing, also the attitude towards waterway and changes caused by waterway construction has changed in the region studied. The impacts on the sources of livelihood are minor for the moment, the impacts on living satisfaction and recreations are significant. While leisure time is increasing the recreation value of waterway increases, too. At the construction stage of the river, the economical and productional advantages took priority, and then no attention was paid to recreational use
Full Text Available Biophysical and social systems are linked to form social-ecological systems whose sustainability depends on their capacity to absorb uncertainty and cope with disturbances. In this study, we explored the key biophysical and socio-cultural factors underlying ecosystem service supply in two semiarid watersheds of southern Spain. These included variables associated with the role that freshwater flows and biodiversity play in securing the system's capacity to sustain essential ecosystem services and their relationship with social demand for services, local water governance, and land-use intensification. Our results reveal the importance of considering the invisible dimensions of water and biodiversity, i.e. green freshwater flows and trait-based indicators, because of their relevance to the supply of ecosystem services. Furthermore, they uncover the importance of traditional irrigation canals, a local water governance system, in maintaining the ecosystems' capacity to supply services. The study also highlights the complex trade-offs that occur because of the spatial mismatch between ecosystem service supply (upstream and ecosystem service demand (downstream in watersheds. Finally, we found that land-use intensification generally resulted in losses of the biophysical factors that underpin the supply of some ecosystem services, increases in social demand for less diversified services, and the abandonment of local governance practices. Attempts to manage social-ecological systems toward sustainability at the local scale should identify the key biophysical and socio-cultural factors that are essential for maintaining ecosystem services and should recognize existing interrelationships between them. Land-use management should also take into account ecosystem service trade-offs and the consequences resulting from land-use intensification.
Edge, Sara; Newbold, K Bruce; McKeary, Marie
Studies on youth health and well-being are predominantly quantitative and expert-driven with less attention given to how youth understand what it means to be healthy themselves and the role of socio-cultural factors in shaping this. Knowledge on the perceptions and experiences of refugee youth is particularly lacking and notable given their unique stressors related to migratory, settlement and integration experiences. We contribute a better understanding of how refugee youth themselves define and contextualize health, with particular emphasis given to socio-cultural factors that enable or constrain health promotion efforts and individual health agency. This research was undertaken at a downtown drop-in centre in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada that provided settlement and integration services to newcomer youth. We employ a grounded theory approach and draw upon participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Twenty-six youth (age 18-25 years), representing 12 different countries of origin participated. The youth defined health very broadly touching upon many typical determinants of health (e.g. education, income, etc.). Yet factors of most importance (as demonstrated by the frequency and urgency in which they were discussed by youth) included a sense of belonging, positive self-identity, emotional well-being, and sense of agency or self-determination. We conceptualize these as "mediating" factors given the youth argued they enabled or constrained their ability to cope with adversities related to other health determinant categories. The youth also discussed what we interpret as "facilitators" that encourage mediating factors to manifest positively (e.g. informal, non-biomedical settings and programs that nurture trust, break down access barriers, and promote a sense of community amongst peers, mentors, and health professionals). When creating health promotion strategies for refugee youth (and perhaps youth more generally) it is important to understand the factors that may mediate the magnitude of effects from various risks/stressors, in addition to those which facilitate health agency. PMID:25036014
Gerardo, Álvarez Hernández.
Full Text Available Este artículo de revisión pretende poner en la mesa de la discusión algunas de las limitaciones metodológicas que están presentes en la epidemiología moderna, particularmente en lo que se refiere a estudios epidemiológicos observacionales, para apuntar de modo somero cuáles serían los aportes de una [...] epidemiología de raigambre sociocultural, entendiendo por esto la necesidad de relacionar los hechos biológicos con los ámbitos social, ecológico y cultural, desde la perspectiva de que esta tarea alude a una necesaria ampliación epistemológica y también metodológica de la epidemiología. Para ello, en el presente trabajo se revisan algunas de las bases conceptuales y metodológicas de la epidemiología moderna, señalando limitaciones y alcances que se han sugerido en la literatura producida tanto dentro de la disciplina como desde las ciencias sociales. El calificativo "epidemiología moderna" se empleará indistintamente del de "epidemiología tradicional", dado que lo que interesa es abordar primordialmente los conceptos y métodos usados por la epidemiología a partir del siglo XX. Abstract in english This is a review paper aimed at discussing some methodological flaws in modern epidemiology, particularly those relevant to observational studies. Our purpose is to briefly point out what would be the contributions from an epidemiology with sociocultural roots, meaning by this the need to link biolo [...] gical facts to social, ecological and cultural elements, always from a perspective that alludes to a necessary expansion of epistemological and methodological aspects of modern epidemiology. To this end, in this paper we review some of the conceptual and methodological foundations of modern epidemiology pointing out limitations and scopes that have been suggested both within the discipline and from the social sciences. The term "modern epidemiology" will be used interchangeably with "traditional epidemiology", because what primarily matters is addressing the concepts and methods used in epidemiology from the 20th century.
Clemente, Patrice; Rouzaud-Cornabas, Jonathan
In this report, we investigate the security aspects and challenges about computer virtualization. In a few words, virtualization is what allows the execution of multiple operating systems on a single machine at the same time. A virtualization component can be viewed as a layer or a container making some kind of emulation, allowing to execute programs or operating systems on the virtualized layer, for example executing Microsoft Windows and Linux on one single machine at the same time. On one ...
Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari
In the competitive market , virtual teams represent a growing response to the need for fasting time-to- market, low-cost and rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers . Nowadays, companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual teams growing prevalence, relatively little is known ab...
Noor, A K; Ellis, S R
The authors review virtual environment technology and its application to the aerospace industry. Virtual environment systems have three components: sensors, effectors, and interlinkage hardware and software. Virtual environment tools used by the aerospace industry include the Multi-dimensional, User-oriented, Synthetic Environment (MUSE); Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE); and Immersadesk. Engineering applications include design and manufacture of aerospace systems, maintenance, and repair. PMID:11539335
Full Text Available This paper presents virtual training worlds that are relatively low-cost distributed collaborative learning environments suitable for corporate training. A virtual training world allows a facilitator, experts and trainees communicating and acting in the virtual environment for practicing skills during collaborative problem solving. Using these environments is beneficial to both trainees and corporations. Two system prototypes the sales training and the leadership training virtual worlds are described. The leadership training course design is discussed in details.
Diagrams as a graphic expresion of derivatives is proposed for calculation of derivatives for composed function. The concret diagram is understood as a virtual derivative in contrast of concret derivative. In polynomial expression of functions derivative the concret derivative will be every monomic member, and the virtual derivative represent the sum of similar monomic members. The word virtual denotes that we dont need to know every virtual derivative, we don't write all th...
Recently, there has been some debate over the effect of adhesion on the contact of rough surfaces. Classical asperity theories predict, in agreement with experimental observations, that adhesion is always destroyed by roughness except if the amplitude of the same is extremely small, and the materials are particularly soft. This happens for all fractal dimensions. However, these theories are limited due to the geometrical simplification, which may be particularly strong in co...
The virtual learning in University Education is the learning which is presented by set of integrated information and pedagogical technologies, in a process of interaction between subjects and objects as the virtual educational resources. This interaction characterize as the set of dialectically interconnected fields of human activity (intellectual, emotional and figurative, cultural, social). The virtual educational resources, possibility of their adaptation to student subje...
Shumar, Wesley; Madison, Nora
This article situates the discussion of virtual ethnography within the larger political/economic changes of twenty-first century consumer capitalism and suggests that increasingly our entire social world is a virtual world and that there were very particular utopian and dystopian framings of virtual community growing out of that history. The
Volokyta, Artem; Kokhanevych, Igor; Ivanov, Dmytro
Providing secure virtualization is an important component of cloud computing. The paper is devoted to the mechanism of monitoring of virtual machines aimed at guaranteeing increased security to cloud resources. Furthermore, the requirements for this mechanism are enumerated. A Virtual Machine Monitor which can effectively monitor guest components while remaining fully transparent to cloud users is proposed.
Johnson, James R.; Jeris, Laurel
This study investigated virtual team members' and leaders' perceptions of the role of the leader, and hindering and helping forces within virtual teams and their host organizations for developing leaders of such teams. It addresses the expressed need of virtual team leaders for the field of HRD to guide leadership development for this emerging
Advanced technologies, globalization, the competitiveness of business, flexible working practices, and other rapid changes in the nature of work have all led to the booming of "virtual teams." This paper will provide an overview of virtual teams, including a description of their emergence, a definition and typology of the term "virtual team," an
Full Text Available In a recent ground-breaking case the South African courts were for the first time requested to use their discretion to interfere in the parent-child relationship due to the traditional socio-cultural beliefs of the parents. In what has been described as "every parent's nightmare; the fancy of many teenagers", a 16 year-old schoolgirl from Milerton in the Western Cape asked to be "freed" from her parents to live semi-independently from them because of her unhappiness with the conservative manner in which her parents treated her. After considering the matter the judge assigned to the case granted her request to live semi-independently with a school friend and her family (called by the judge the host family until she reaches the age of 18 (her majority. Her parents were accorded permission to have limited contact with her. This case represents an example of the difficulties involved when balancing the rights of a teenager against those of the parents in matters of socio-cultural practice and belief. In a multi-cultural society such as South Africa the case raises numerous serious questions for other families. For instance, what standards will a court use to determine if parents are too conservative in bringing up their children and what factors will be taken into account? How much freedom and autonomy should children be given? How will courts prevent children from misusing the system just to get what their friends have, and - the ultimate question - are the rights of children superior to the traditional rights of parents in matters of socio-cultural practice, with specific reference to their upbringing? In this context it is the aim of this contribution to focus primarily on the questions asked above. Possible solutions for striking a balance between the rights of children and their parents are explored. The submission is made that the best interests principle is still the most important factor to be taken into account when balancing or weighing competing rights and interests concerning children. The principle of the best interests of the child, the founding principle of children's rights, however, is anchored in the family, and any break between the two should be carefully considered. It is concluded that in an attempt to resolve disputes between parents and their children the relevant provisions of the Constitution and the Children's Act must be considered and must be balanced and tested in relation to each other for constitutional consistency and compliance. It is also submitted that caution should be taken by the legislative framework not to encourage children to break the parent-child relationship on a mere whim, as an overemphasis of children's rights might result in the dilution of the sense of the value of the family in society.
Langer, Steve G; French, Todd
The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine is compelling. However, there are also potential drawbacks. High performance requirements need to be carefully considered if they are to be executed in an environment where the running software has to execute through multiple layers of device drivers before reaching the real disk or network interface. Our lab has attempted to gain insight into the impact of virtualization on performance by benchmarking the following metrics on both physical and virtual platforms: local memory and disk bandwidth, network bandwidth, and integer and floating point performance. The virtual performance metrics are compared to baseline performance on "bare metal." The results are complex, and indeed somewhat surprising. PMID:21207096
Humans have been collaborating across geographical boundaries for thousands of years. Nevertheless, distant collaboration today remains problematic, complicated and prone to failures. This thesis investigates distant collaborative practice in a particular setting: closely coupled collaboration in virtual project teams whose members are spread across various geographical locations. The aim is to understand the specific factors, conditions and challenges underpinning such situations. This thesis d...
The CT colonography or virtual coloscopy is a new diagnostic method that allows the presentation of the whole colon using minimal invasive procedures. The method allows the detection of colorectal polyps and colorectal carcinomas. The book includes the following chapters: indications for CT colonography, diagnostic procedures, data processing and interpretation, diagnostic findings, preparation of the diagnostic result description and documentation, screening
Full Text Available The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many and varied, but are especially beneficial where experience can be tailored via augmentation, and where dangerous training situations can be avoided. The use of programmable agents has great future potential in relation to training and interpersonal skill development, also perhaps in clinical diagnosis and therapy. Progress in VE usage in psychological education is limited by cost and availability, though VEs are being used increasingly in classroom and laboratory teaching exercises. Virtual Reality was said to be an answer waiting for a question, but questions are being recognized, so that applications of VEs within the behavioural sciences are likely to multiply.
The Virtual Beach Manager Toolset (VB) is a set of decision support software tools developed to help local beach managers make decisions as to when beaches should be closed due to predicted high levels of water borne pathogens. The tools are being developed under the umbrella of...
More than 500 high-school students from 7 locations in Greece visit virtually the CMS experiment. Read more about this record-breaking event here: http://home.web.cern.ch/students-educators/updates/2014/02/students-visit-heart-cms-detector
Grantcharov, T P; Rosenberg, J; Pahle, E; Funch-Jensen, Peter; Rosenberg, Jacob
Objective assessment of psychomotor skills should be an essential component of a modern surgical training program. There are computer systems that can be used for this purpose, but their wide application is not yet generally accepted. The aim of this study was to validate the role of virtual reality computer simulation as a method for evaluating surgical laparoscopic skills.
This book contains the proceedings of the joint 9th International Immersive Projection Technologies Workshop and the 11th EUROGRAPHICS Virtual Environments Workshop (IPTEGVE). The event was held in Aalborg, Denmark the 6. and 7. October 2005. It was organized at the VR Media Lab, Aalborg University in co-operation with the Fraunhofer IAO in Stuttgart and EUROGRAPHICS together with ACM SIGGRAPH.
Yang, C; Persson, B.N.J.
We report a molecular dynamics study of the contact between a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface and an elastic block with a flat surface. We study the contact area and the interfacial separation from small contact (low load) to full contact (high load). For small load the contact area varies linearly with the load and the interfacial separation depends logarithmically on the load. For high load the contact area approaches to the nominal contact area (i.e., complete c...
Müller, Stefan; Spaeth, Peter
This sequel to our previous paper [MS11b] continues the study of topological contact dynamics and applications to contact dynamics and topological dynamics. We provide further evidence that the topological automorphism groups of a contact structure and a contact form are the appropriate transformation groups of contact dynamical systems. The article includes an examination of the groups of time-one maps of topological contact and strictly contact isotopies, and the construct...
Payne, L. L.
The strength of the bond between optically contacted quartz surfaces was investigated. The Gravity Probe-B (GP-B) experiment to test the theories of general relativity requires extremely precise measurements. The quartz components of the instruments to make these measurements must be held together in a very stable unit. Optical contacting is suggested as a possible method of joining these components. The fundamental forces involved in optical contacting are reviewed and relates calculations of these forces to the results obtained in experiments.
Virtual Sensor Test Instrumentation is based on the concept of smart sensor technology for testing with intelligence needed to perform sell-diagnosis of health, and to participate in a hierarchy of health determination at sensor, process, and system levels. A virtual sensor test instrumentation consists of five elements: (1) a common sensor interface, (2) microprocessor, (3) wireless interface, (4) signal conditioning and ADC/DAC (analog-to-digital conversion/ digital-to-analog conversion), and (5) onboard EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) for metadata storage and executable software to create powerful, scalable, reconfigurable, and reliable embedded and distributed test instruments. In order to maximize the efficient data conversion through the smart sensor node, plug-and-play functionality is required to interface with traditional sensors to enhance their identity and capabilities for data processing and communications. Virtual sensor test instrumentation can be accessible wirelessly via a Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) or a Smart Transducer Interlace Module (STIM) that may be managed under real-time rule engines for mission-critical applications. The transducer senses the physical quantity being measured and converts it into an electrical signal. The signal is fed to an A/D converter, and is ready for use by the processor to execute functional transformation based on the sensor characteristics stored in a Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS). Virtual sensor test instrumentation is built upon an open-system architecture with standardized protocol modules/stacks to interface with industry standards and commonly used software. One major benefit for deploying the virtual sensor test instrumentation is the ability, through a plug-and-play common interface, to convert raw sensor data in either analog or digital form, to an IEEE 1451 standard-based smart sensor, which has instructions to program sensors for a wide variety of functions. The sensor data is processed in a distributed fashion across the network, providing a large pool of resources in real time to meet stringent latency requirements.
Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael
Full Text Available The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants and its implications for the overall image destination formation. This study presents a literature review base to the empiric research proposal whose general objective comprises the analysis of the influence of factors, such as interactivity, in online communication and contact with virtual tourism experiences online in image destination formation and image destination.
Bright Prabahar P ,Bijolin Edwin E
Full Text Available Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS, storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to solve that issue areexplained in this paper. It is the survey of various cloudvirtual machine architectures, advantages &disadvantages.
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Ben Dhia, Hachmi
New continuous Stabilized Lagrangian formulations are derived for contact and for impact problems. Their discretization is discussed. The global numerical strategy used to solve the nonlinear and irregular discrete problems is detailed and numlerical results are shown.
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Sharma Vinod; Asati Dinesh
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in children, until recently, was considered rare. ACD was considered as a disorder of the adult population and children were thought to be spared due to a lack of exposure to potential allergens and an immature immune system. Prevalence of ACD to even the most common allergens in children, like poison ivy and parthenium, is relatively rare as compared to adults. However, there is now growing evidence of contact sensitization of the pediatric population, and i...
Paulsen, Evy; Andersen, Klaus E
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and its varieties are important vegetable crops worldwide. They are also well-known, rarely reported, causes of contact allergy. As lettuce allergens and extracts are not commercially available, the allergy may be underdiagnosed. The aims of this article are to present new data on lettuce contact allergy and review the literature. Lettuce is weakly allergenic, and occupational cases are mainly reported. Using aimed patch testing in Compositae-allergic patients, two re...
Ana Maria, Nicolaci-da-Costa.
Full Text Available Desde a difusão da Internet, em meados da década de 1990, a sociabilidade virtual vem gerando muita discussão. Em contraste com os contatos entre conhecidos possibilitados pela telefonia fixa, os ambientes coletivos de interação da Internet fizeram emergir os contatos travados e mantidos exclusivame [...] nte online. Naqueles primeiros tempos, esses relacionamentos virtuais foram duramente criticados. Nos dias atuais, vemos que os relacionamentos mediados pelas novas redes de telecomunicação (Internet e telefonia celular) continuam gerando reações negativas radicais. O objetivo do presente artigo é mostrar o quanto essas reações são infundadas e, deste modo, combater sua difusão. Para tanto, toma o recente trabalho de um renomado sociólogo - Zygmunt Bauman - como exemplar desse tipo de visão e a ele contrapõe inúmeros resultados de pesquisa internacionais e nacionais. Tal procedimento permite apresentar uma visão alternativa de diferentes tipos de interação e relacionamento virtuais gerados por diferentes tecnologias. Abstract in english Since the early days of Internet diffusion, in the mid 1990's, virtual sociability has been raising a great discussion. In contrast to the contacts between acquaintances made possible by landline telephony, Internet collective interaction environments generated the possibility of meeting people and [...] making friends exclusively online. In those early days, these virtual relationships were strongly criticized. Nowadays, we realize that the relationships mediated by the new telecommunication networks (Internet and cellular telephony) still provoke radical negative reactions. The present paper aims at restraining or at least decelerating the diffusion of such reactions. For this purpose, it takes the recent work of a renowned sociologist - Zygmunt Bauman - as an example of this kind of view and confronts it with various results from national and international research. Such procedure allows for the presentation of an alternative view of different types of virtual interaction and virtual relationships made possible by different technologies.
Ana Maria Nicolaci-da-Costa
Full Text Available Desde a difusão da Internet, em meados da década de 1990, a sociabilidade virtual vem gerando muita discussão. Em contraste com os contatos entre conhecidos possibilitados pela telefonia fixa, os ambientes coletivos de interação da Internet fizeram emergir os contatos travados e mantidos exclusivamente online. Naqueles primeiros tempos, esses relacionamentos virtuais foram duramente criticados. Nos dias atuais, vemos que os relacionamentos mediados pelas novas redes de telecomunicação (Internet e telefonia celular continuam gerando reações negativas radicais. O objetivo do presente artigo é mostrar o quanto essas reações são infundadas e, deste modo, combater sua difusão. Para tanto, toma o recente trabalho de um renomado sociólogo - Zygmunt Bauman - como exemplar desse tipo de visão e a ele contrapõe inúmeros resultados de pesquisa internacionais e nacionais. Tal procedimento permite apresentar uma visão alternativa de diferentes tipos de interação e relacionamento virtuais gerados por diferentes tecnologias.Since the early days of Internet diffusion, in the mid 1990's, virtual sociability has been raising a great discussion. In contrast to the contacts between acquaintances made possible by landline telephony, Internet collective interaction environments generated the possibility of meeting people and making friends exclusively online. In those early days, these virtual relationships were strongly criticized. Nowadays, we realize that the relationships mediated by the new telecommunication networks (Internet and cellular telephony still provoke radical negative reactions. The present paper aims at restraining or at least decelerating the diffusion of such reactions. For this purpose, it takes the recent work of a renowned sociologist - Zygmunt Bauman - as an example of this kind of view and confronts it with various results from national and international research. Such procedure allows for the presentation of an alternative view of different types of virtual interaction and virtual relationships made possible by different technologies.
Full Text Available Virtual Reality is a major asset and aspect of our future. It is the key to experiencing, feeling and touching the past, present and the future. It is the medium of creating our own world, our own customized reality. It could range from creating a video game to having a virtual stroll around the universe, from walking through our own dream house to experiencing a walk on an alien planet. With virtual reality, we can experience the most intimidating and gruelling situations by playing safe and with a learning perspective. In this review paper, we present our survey about virtual reality: the levels of virtual reality, the components used, the factors affecting the virtual environment, its origin, future and the challenges to overcome in order to obtain an impeccable virtual reality experience.
Lima, José; Gonçalves, José
A virtual automation laboratory is usually used as a stand-alone application aiming an educational experience of process simulation and control where students have no contact with hardware. A better way to let students practice in a real PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) achieving the automation class programming skills is to use a maquette. This paper describes a PC application, behaving as a Virtual Maquette that emulates a three-dimensional real world where an external PLC controls its b...
Paulsen, Evy; Christensen, Lars P
The tomato plant (Solanum lycopersicum) is an important crop worldwide. Whereas immediate-type reactions to tomato fruits are well known, contact dermatitis caused by tomatoes or tomato plants is rarely reported. The aims of this study were to present new data on contact sensitization to tomato plants and review the literature on contact dermatitis caused by both plants and fruits. An ether extract of tomato plants made as the original oleoresin plant extracts, was used in aimed patch testing, and between 2005 and 2011. 8 of 93 patients (9%) tested positive to the oleoresin extracts. This prevalence is in accordance with the older literature that reports tomato plants as occasional sensitizers. The same applies to tomato fruits, which, in addition, may cause protein contact dermatitis. The allergens of the plant are unknown, but both heat-stable and heat-labile constituents seem to be involved. The fruit contains fragrance compounds that are also present in Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru), possibly accounting for cross-reactivity. The proteins in pulp and peel may contribute to protein contact dermatitis. Until more is known about the allergens, the diagnosis of contact dermatitis caused by tomato plants and fruit may be established with the use of ether extracts and fresh fruits, respectively.
Paulsen, Evy; Andersen, Klaus E
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and its varieties are important vegetable crops worldwide. They are also well-known, rarely reported, causes of contact allergy. As lettuce allergens and extracts are not commercially available, the allergy may be underdiagnosed. The aims of this article are to present new data on lettuce contact allergy and review the literature. Lettuce is weakly allergenic, and occupational cases are mainly reported. Using aimed patch testing in Compositae-allergic patients, two recent Danish studies showed prevalence rates of positive lettuce reactions of 11% and 22%. The majority of cases are non-occupational, and may partly be caused by cross-reactivity. The sesquiterpene lactone mix seems to be a poor screening agent for lettuce contact allergy, as the prevalence of positive reactions is significantly higher in non-occupationally sensitized patients. Because of the easy degradability of lettuce allergens, it is recommended to patch test with freshly cut lettuce stem and supplement this with Compositae mix. As contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis may present as dermatitis, it is important to perform prick-prick tests, and possibly scratch patch tests as well. Any person who is occupationally exposed to lettuce for longer periods, especially atopics, amateur gardeners, and persons keeping lettuce-eating pets, is potentially at risk of developing lettuce contact allergy.
This paper studies the elastic contact in filaments induced by surface adhesion, which plays an important role in the mechanical response of fibrous materials (e.g. fibre friction, sliding, compression hysteresis, etc). During the process, a simple 3D elastic contact model was proposed. The filaments were assumed to be uniform, smooth elastic cylinders and the adhesive force between filaments in contact was estimated according to Bradley's approach (Bradley 1932 Phil. Mag. 13 853) that relies on the filament configurations before deformation. Under the action of fibre surface adhesion, the elastic deformation and the size of the contact zone were determined in closed-form based on the DMT theory (Derjaguin et al 1975 J. Colloid Interface Sci. 53 314). Effects of filament radius and orientation, surface energies and elasticity on the elastic deformation and the size of the contact zone were explored numerically. The model developed in this work can be used for the study of the mechanisms of filament contacts, friction, sliding and compression hysteresis in fibrous materials subjected to external loading
Moh, K. J.; Yuan, X. -C.; Bu, J.; Zhu, S. W.; Gao, Bruce Z.
We demonstrate the proof-of-concept for surface plasmon resonance sensing and imaging via a virtual probe at the cell-substrate interface of a biological cell in aqueous media. The technique is based on the optical excitation by focused radially polarized beams of localized surface plasmons, which forms a virtual probe on the metal substrate. The intensity distribution at the back focal plane of the objective lens enables quantitative measurements to be made of the cell-substrate contact. The...
Seweryn, Zielinski; Marlenny, Díaz Cano.
Full Text Available Las playas turísticas son recursos costeros de alta importancia ambiental y económica. Los esquemas de certificación de playas turísticas (ECP) han sido creados para proteger estos recursos, a su vez promoviendo alto nivel de calidad turística. No obstante, las playas en América Latina muchas veces [...] son la fuente principal de ingresos de las comunidades costeras, que por el derecho de uso del bien público deben ser considerados en la gestión. Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de evaluar el componente socio-cultural y el nivel de participación en los ECP Latinoamericanos en dos niveles de análisis. Primero, a través de los objetivos socio-culturales y de participación del Manejo Integrado Costero (MIC), se definieron los niveles de participación e inclusión de los aspectos sociales de los nueve ECP en América Latina. Segundo, bajo el enfoque de las políticas públicas se analizaron los tipos de participación presentes en cada ECP. En resultado, los ECP Latinoamericanos se caracterizan por un fuerte enfoque arriba-abajo (top-down). Los ECP son poco participativos, abarcando principalmente las cuestiones ambientales y de calidad turística. Las debilidades en el tema de aspectos socio-culturales y de participación son evidentes, lo que pone en cuestión la efectividad de los ECP como una herramienta para la gestión sostenible. Abstract in english Evaluation of the Socio-Cultural Component and Participation Level in Latin American Tourist Beach Certification Schemes. The tourism beaches are coastal resources of great environmental and economic importance. The beach tourism certification schemes have been created to protect those resources, at [...] the same time promoting high level of tourism quality. However, the Latin American beaches are often the principal source of income for coastal communities that for the right to use the public mean should be considered in the management. This work has an objective to evaluate the socio-cultural component and level of community participation in Latin American beach certifications through two level analyses. First, through socio-cultural and participative objectives of Integrated Coastal Management, the levels of participation and inclusion of socio-cultural aspects were defined in the nine beach certifications. Second, under the approach of public policies, the types of participation in each certification scheme were analyzed. In conclusion, the Latin American beach certification schemes are characterized by strong top-down approach. The certifications are little participative, focusing mainly on environmental and tourism quality issues. The weaknesses in the subject of socio-cultural aspects and community participation are evident, which puts in question the effectiveness of beach certifications as a tool for sustainable management.
A correção em língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e as crenças de professores sobre o assunto / Correcting foreign-language students from a sociocultural perspective and from teachers' beliefs
Tarsila Rubin, Battistella; Marília dos Santos, Lima.
Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo é discutir o feedback corretivo na aula de língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Fatores afetivos são também considerados no processo corretivo. Quatro professores de línguas estrangeiras foram entrevistados para evidenciar suas [...] crenças sobre o processo de correção em sala de aula. Os professores demonstraram uma atitude positiva sobre a correção, considerando-a como um fator que pode estimular o desenvolvimento dos alunos. Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to discuss corrective feedback in foreign language classrooms from a sociocultural perspective (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Affective factors are also considered in the discussion of the corrective process. Four foreign language teachers were interviewed on their beliefs abou [...] t corrections in the classroom. The teachers showed a positive attitude towards correction, which was seen as a factor that can stimulate learner development.
Da educação: do jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi = Education: of the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi.
Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa
Full Text Available O artigo em questão se detém na análise da educação por meio da mensagem do filme Coach Carter - Treino para a Vida (2005, que acena com o paradoxo da democratização do ensino e converge para as fronteiras que assinalam a função da escola e o papel do educador, sublinhando o jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi que perfazem o referido processo.The article in question focuses on the analysis of education through the message of the movie Coach Carter - Training for Life (2005, which features the paradox of the democratization of education and converges to the boundaries that mark the function of the school and the role of the educator, stressing the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi that make up that process.
Full Text Available Problem Statement: The status, value, and importance of a language is often measured by the attitudes toward that language. Learning a second or foreign language and attaining proficiency in it is closely related to the attitudes of learners toward the language. A few studies have investigated language attitudes of Turkish students toward the English language in Turkey. However, the same issue has not been explored among Turkish students learning and using the English language in a country where English is spoken as the first language.Purpose: This exploratory study investigated the attitudes of Turkish students toward learning and using English language as they lived and pursued their university degrees in a northeastern city in the United States. The study examined students attitudinal dispositions toward English based on sociolinguistic and sociocultural considerations.Methods: The study included 8 student participants (4 male and 4 female who were born in Turkey and spoke Turkish as their native language. They were all enrolled in a state university studying different programs in Engineering Sciences and Social Sciences. Data were collected conducting in-depth interviews with students over a two-month period. Participants were interviewed twice individually, and 16 interviews were conducted in total. Each interview took 50 to 60 minutes and was transcribed by the researcher. Data analysis included (1 intensive (rereadings of interview transcripts and identifying attitudinal themes and patterns in the data through emergent coding; and (2 making qualitative connections among themes and patterns through identifying their consistency by applying axial coding. Coded dataset was then descriptively interpreted in its entirety.Findings: Participants displayed mostly positive dispositions toward learning and using the English language; however, their attitudinal patterns varied with regards to sociolinguistic and sociocultural considerations. While they described English as a beautiful language, their perceptions about the beauty of the language associated with different interpretations regarding linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects of English, such as euphonic sound system and lexical richness, and English as the language of global connection in different discourses (i.e., academia, media, and corporate world. On the other hand, participants viewed English as a threat to cultural and linguistic identities at the individual and societal dimensions. Devaluing the native language against English and the recent phenomenon of lexical penetration of English words into the Turkish language engendered participants patriotic feelings about their native language and surfaced their nationalistic ties with their cultural and linguistic identities. Lastly, participants attached a variety of instrumental and survival values to the English language. They felt restricted expressing their feelings in English when they engaged in affective conversational discourses with native speakers. These attitudes, as well as the patterns they demonstrated in enacting such attitudes differed across genders significantly.Conclusions and Recommendations: Different than a few studies that investigated the topic with English language learners in Turkey, the present study presents new insights by exploring the issue from the perspective of Turkish students as they learned and used the English language in the United States. Attitudinal studies can potentially shed light on the ways in which perceptions attached a language may impact learners willingness to learn and develop proficiency in that language, and reveal their critical stances toward that language at sociolinguistic and sociocultural dimensions.
Hovenga, Evelyn J S
There is a need to establish collaboration alliances or partnerships if we are to provide global Health Informatics educatics education. Agreements need to make provision for the existing diversity between country educational systems as well as variations in funding, legislation and political systems and a number of other issues including intellectual property and copyright. Four virtual University governance models were identified, 1) evolution of existing universities, 2) newly created organisations collectively delivering one type of program eg MBA, 3) a consortium of partners using a common portal and 4) a commercial enterprise. Collectively IMIA academic members need to be in a good position to respond to the global changes in higher education and minimise the risk of failure when establishing a virtual University to collectively deliver Health Informatics education. Others have undertaken a similar path in the past, some successful others not so, we need to learn from these experiences. PMID:15718668
María Teresa Martínez
Full Text Available Este trabajo aporta algunas reflexiones acerca de las tutorías en la formación universitaria de postgrado. Se propone la discusión acerca de los siguientes ejes: las configuraciones que adquiere la práctica pedagógica tutorial en la particularidad de los entornos virtuales; las competencias específicas -previas o adquiridas- requeridas para el desempeño del tutor; las características que asume el control de la enseñanza virtual y su incidencia en la práctica tutorial; el papel que juega la evaluación en las reglas de intercambio académico entre tutor y alumno; los desafíos que debe enfrentar un docente que trabaja en la enseñanza presencial para adaptar su práctica al espacio complejo e inacabado de la red. Se analiza el entramado generalmente conflictivo en el que se despliegan las prácticas tutoriales vinculado con la posición que ocupa el tutor, la complejidad de los saberes requeridos para el desempeño que debe ampliar sobre la base del núcleo formativo aprendido y el perfil ideal para sus funciones demandadas socialmente.
An early experience in deploying a manipulator to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell at Torness Power Station, quickly highlighted that special visualisation techniques were required to achieve a successful deployment and reduce plant system down time. This visualisation was later realised through the IGRIP software pakcage operating on a Silicon Graphics computing engine, which provides a 'Non-Immersive' Virtual Reality environment. Within this environment, models of the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling cell were generated along with a model of the manipulator, allowing manipulator deployment to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell be modelled. It is estimated that the first use of this new environment provided a significant saving to Scottish Nuclear in potential lost output. The use of this virtual reality environment is currently being extended into the design and deployment of a new manipulator for Torness in vessel inspection, the Boiler Inspection Manipulator. (author)
Mike, Stanislav; Haindl, Michal; Holub, Radek
Vienna : Austrian Computer Society, 2008 - (R. Sablatnig and J. Hemsley and P. Krammerer and E. Zolda and J. Stockinger), s. 111-118 ISBN 978-3-85403-238-0. [2nd International Conference EVA. Vienna (AT), 25.08.2008-28.08.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R 1ET400750407; GA Mk 1M0572; GA ?R GA102/08/0593 Grant ostatní: GA Mk(CZ) 2C06019 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Virtual Reality * Navigation Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2008/RO/mikes-haindl-holub-navigation%20in%20virtual%20environment.pdf
Luz Santamaría Granados
Full Text Available El grupo GIBRANT centró sus esfuerzos en la investigación de realidad virtual, al experimentar en el uso de herramientas del consorcio Web3D (VRML y X3D, para el diseño y modelamiento de mundos virtuales en 3D, así pudo evidenciar el trabajo de estudiantes y docentes en el proyecto USTA en 3D; como tambien en algunas prácticas de formación en colegios de educación media, que involucran el uso de TIC, en el desarrollo de competencias de ubicación espacial, trigonométrica y rotación de objetos; y la construcción de escenaios que afianzan el proceso de enseñanza - aprendizaje en cuanquier área del saber. Este articulo quiere hacer ver la facilidad y la potencialidad de las MTIC e invita a la comunidad de educacion básica y media a apropiarse de estas tecnologías para su propio beneficio.
We refer on the efforts to develop alternative access to the data gained by the ESA gamma-ray INTEGRAL satellite based on the idea of the virtual observatory. The motivation and the related methods and procedures are briefly presented and discussed. The main goal is to provide international astronomical community an user friendly access to public scientific INTEGRAL data and thus to enhance the scientific output of the satellite project
Rajnish Kumar#1, Swati Shahi
This paper entitled Virtual Classroom System is mainly for all educational colleges such as engineering colleges, medical colleges, pharmacy colleges and others where there is connection between faculty, student and courses. In colleges, sometimes there may be loose connection between faculty, student and courses for some students due to some reason such as missing lectures, doing part time job along with study, distance learning courses; for that, this project help them in an efficient way. ...
Hrivnacova, I.; Adamova, D.; Berejnoi, V.; Brun, R; Carminati, F; Fasso, A.; Futo, E.; Gheata, A.; Caballero, I. Gonzalez; Morsch, A.; Collaboration, for the ALICE
The concept of Virtual Monte Carlo (VMC) has been developed by the ALICE Software Project to allow different Monte Carlo simulation programs to run without changing the user code, such as the geometry definition, the detector response simulation or input and output formats. Recently, the VMC classes have been integrated into the ROOT framework, and the other relevant packages have been separated from the AliRoot framework and can be used individually by any other HEP project...
Escudeiro, Paula; Escudeiro, Nuno; Reis, Rosa; Barbosa, Maciel; Bidarra, José; Baltazar, Ana Bela; Gouveia, Bruno
In this paper authors present the overall study that includes the model developed (VS Model) and the experiences performed, with an automatic bidirectional sign language translator, between written and sign language, which is being supervised by the research group GILT (Graphics, interaction & learning technologies) under the frame of a national project called Virtual Sign (VS project). This project aims to develop and evaluate a model that facilitates access for the deaf and hearing impaired...
Langer, Steve G; French, Todd
The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine...
Software Defined Radio (SDR) hardware platforms use parallel architectures. Current concepts of developing applications (such as WLAN) for these platforms are complex, because developers describe an application with hardware-specifics that are relevant to parallelism such as mapping and scheduling. To reduce this complexity, we have developed a new programming approach for SDR applications, called Virtual Radio Engine (VRE). VRE defines a language for describing applications, and a tool chain...
In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ''clutter,'' these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth
S C Rachana; Dr. H S Guruprasad
Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Th...
The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.
Madsen, Anders Koed
This paper presents an analysis of official documents and white papers pertaining to the two web-portals The Policy Grid Project and FEED that are launched by the UK and the EU respectively. The aim of the portals is to filter and synthesize information relevant for policy discussions and thereby improve 'knowledge-democracy' in different ways. The paper denotes such portals 'virtual technologies of knowledge management' and it uses the documental data as a window to analyze and discuss the infr...
Wong, Kit Fai
Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood co...
Petersson, Eva; Brooks, Tony
This paper examines the integrated toyboth physical and virtualas an essential resource for collaborative learning. This learning incorporates rehabilitation, training, and education. The data derived from two different cases. Pedagogical issues related to non-formal learning and open-ended features of design are discussed. Findings suggest that social, material, and expressive affordances constitute a base for an alterative interface to encourage childrens play and learning.
Cosnard, Michel; Liquori, Luigi; Chand, Raphael
Arigatoni is a lightweight communication model that deploys the Global Computing Paradigm over the Internet. Communications over the behavioral units of the model are performed by a simple Global Internet Protocol (GIP) on top of TCP or UDP protocol. Basic Global Computers Units (GCU) can communicate by first registering to a brokering service and then by mutually asking and offering services. Colonies and Communities are the main entities in the model. A Colony is a simple virtual organizati...
Rodriguez, Marko A.
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a semantic network data model that is used to create machine-understandable descriptions of the world and is the basis of the Semantic Web. This article discusses the application of RDF to the representation of computer software and virtual computing machines. The Semantic Web is posited as not only a web of data, but also as a web of programs and processes.
Imrie, Peter; Bednar, Peter
Abstract This report discusses ways in which new technology could be harnessed to create an intelligent Virtual Personal Assistant (VPA) with a focus on user-based information. It will look at examples of intelligent programs with natural language processing that are currently available, with different categories of support, and examine the potential usefulness of one specific piece of software as a VPA. This engages the ability to communicate socially through natural language processing, hol...
A virtual private network (VPN) is the essential security feature that allows remote monitoring systems to take advantage of the low communications cost of the internet. This paper introduces the VPN concept and summarizes the networking and security principles. The mechanics of security, for example, types of encryption and protocols for exchange of keys between partners, are explained. Important issues for partners in different countries include the interoperability and mutual accreditations of systems. (author)
In a three-dimensional virtual environment aspects such as narrative and interaction completely depend on the camera since the camera defines the players point of view. Most research works in automatic camera control aim to take the control of this aspect from the player to automatically gen- erate cinematographic game experiences reducing, however, the players feeling of agency. We propose a methodology to integrate the player in the camera control loop that allows to design and generate pers...
Ottermo, Maria Vatshaug
This thesis presents the design and performance of the Virtual Palpation Gripper, an early prototype of a remote palpation instrument intended for laparoscopic surgery. Psychophysical experiments related to this prototype are also described. In minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic surgery, the interventions are performed with instruments inserted into the body through small incisions. This technique has become increasingly popular and is now considered the gold standard for man...
Full Text Available Virtual tourism has been through at least three generations.The first is a special form of e-commerce, and no doubt it has much changed the way you plan your travel. Second generation of virtual tourism has exploited georeference: the user can know the services offered nearby and, with appropriate apps and augmented reality, receive information about places.An important contribution has been made in this field by social media (see Flickr, as well as Tripadvisor. The third generation of virtual tourism even replaces the travel experience: first proposing visits in virtual worlds, then in the real world. That allows tourism to social classes that are excluded.The goal is to send in the real place an "avatar", that can perform what tourist wants. Some experiments have been recently performed with robots, here a visit by drones is proposed. In particular, indoor visits are difficult because it is necessary to re-create a microgeodetic reference system in a closed and confined environment, to allow remote control and to ensure the protection of the cultural property. It has also to be considered the issue of the size of the drone, its autonomy and shooting video (which must be 360 degrees and high definition.The real experience is irreplaceable, but this form of tourism can find many interesting applications and strengthen real tourism.In conclusion, we believe that not only this performances are now within the reach of our technical capabilities, but they also represent an effective response to certain social and cultural issues.
PARK, JAE HYUN; Guan, Weihua; Reed, Mark A; Krsti?, Predrag S.
A charged micro-particle can be trapped in an aqueous environment by forming a narrow virtual pore a cylindrical space region in which the particle motion in the radial direction is limited by forces emerging from dynamical interactions of the particle charge and dipole moment with external radio-frequency quadrupole electric field. If the particle satisfies the trap stability criteria its mean motion is reduced exponentially with time due to the viscosity of the aqueous environment. Therea...
Huynh, Loi; Stanchev, Peter
There has been a huge growth of social network in the recent years. This trend does not only allow us to get connected and share the information in an efficient way, but also reveals some potential beneficial in dealing with several social issues, such as earthquake detection, social spam detection, flu pandemic tracking, media monitoring, etc. In this paper, we propose a new way of utilizing social network. By implementing what is called a Virtual Celebrator Machine (VCM), we are able to ...
Full Text Available The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitalsÃ¢ÂÂ services. Requirements and specific rules of these medical services are considered, and personalization of user preferences will to be supported. The architecture is based on adaptable process management technologies, allowing for virtual services which are dynamically combined from existing national medical services. In this way, a comprehensive workflow process is set up, allowing for service-level agreements, an audit trail and explanation of the process to the end user. The process engine operates on top of a virtual repository, providing a high-level semantic view of information retrieved from heterogeneous information sources, such as national sources of medical services. The system relies on a security framework to ensure all high-level security requirements are met. SystemÃ¢ÂÂs architecture is business oriented: it focuses on Service Oriented Architecture - SOA concepts, asynchronously combining Web services, Business Process Management Ã¢ÂÂ BPM rules and BPEL standards.
Luciano Augusto Toledo
Full Text Available A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortemente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração.The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for communication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.
Luciano Augusto, Toledo; Carlos Augusto, Loures.
Full Text Available A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortem [...] ente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração. Abstract in english The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for com [...] munication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.
Mickaelian, A. M.
Vast amount of information continuously accumulated in astronomy requires finding new solutions for its efficient storage, use and dissemination, as well as accomplishing new research projects. Virtual Observatories (VOs) have been created in a number of countries to set up a new environment for these tasks. Based on them, the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) was created in 2002, which unifies 19 VO projects, including Armenian Virtual Observatory (ArVO) founded in 2005. ArVO is a project of Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO) aimed at construction of a modern system for data archiving, extraction, acquisition, reduction, use and publication. ArVO technical and research projects are presented, including the Global Spectroscopic Database, which is being built based on Digitized First Byurakan Survey (DFBS). Quick optical identification of radio, IR or X-ray sources will be possible by plotting their positions in the DFBS or other spectroscopic plate and matching all available data. Accomplishment of new projects by combining data is so important that the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) recently created World Data System (WDS) for unifying data coming from all science areas, and BAO has also joined it.
Animación sociocultural, desarrollo comunitario versus educación para el desarrollo: una experiencia integradora en educación superior / Socio-cultural animation and community development vs. education for development: an innovative experience in higher education / Animação sociocultural, desenvolvimento comunitário e educação para o desenvolvimento: uma experiência inovadora em educação superior
Full Text Available O novo Espaço Europeu de Ensino Superior (EEES) supôs uma adaptação nos métodos de ensino-aprendizagem, passando de um modelo educativo baseado no ensino para um modelo baseado na aprendizagem. Desse jeito, o professorado fica em segundo plano e o papel principal recai nos. Este trabalho está focado [...] numa experiência integradora, e ao mesmo tempo inovadora, nesta faculdade; trata-se de vincular na aula três disciplinas afins: a animação sociocultural, o desenvolvimento comunitário e a educação para o desenvolvimento. Tudo enquadrado numa metodologia participativa desenvolvendo a competência de trabalho em equipe e outorgando assim um papel protagonista ao estudante. Esta experiência é desenvolvida na matéria "Estratégias educativas para animação sociocultural e desenvolvimento comunitário", no segundo ano do grau em Educação social no curso acadêmico 2011/2012 na Universidade Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España. Abstract in spanish El nuevo Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES) ha supuesto una adaptación en los métodos de enseñanza-aprendizaje, pasando de un modelo educativo basado en la enseñanza a un modelo basado en el aprendizaje. Así, el profesorado pasa a un segundo plano y el rol principal recae en el alumnado. E [...] l presente artículo se centra en una experiencia integradora, y a la vez novedosa, en nuestra facultad; se trata de vincular en clase tres disciplinas afines: la animación sociocultural, el desarrollo comunitario y la educación para el desarrollo. Esta vinculación se realiza por medio de una metodología participativa que desarrolla la competencia de trabajo en equipo y otorga un papel protagonista al estudiante. La experiencia se desarrolla en la asignatura "Estrategias educativas para la animación sociocultural y el desarrollo comunitario", en el segundo del grado de Educación social, curso académico 2011/2012, en la Universidad Pablo de Olavide, en Sevilla, España. Abstract in english The new European Space of Higher Education (ESHE) has implied an adaptation in the methods of the teaching and learning process, passing from an educational model based on teaching to a model based on learning. Thus, faculty moves to the background and the main role falls on the student body. This a [...] rticle is centered on a conciliatory experience (also novel in our faculty) of linking three related disciplines in the classroom: sociocultural animation, community development and education for development. All of this is framed in a participative methodology, developing the competency of teamwork and thus giving students a featuring role. This experience is developed in the course "Educational strategies for sociocultural animation adn community development" in the second term of the degree in the Social Education in the 2011/2012 academic course in the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España.
We give a proof of, for the case of contact structures defined by global contact 1-forms, a Theorem stated by Eliashberg that for any overtwisted contact structure on a closed 3-manifold, its contact homology is 0. A different proof is also outlined in the appendix by Yakov Eliashberg.
We use contact handle decompositions and a stabilization process to compute the cylindrical contact homology of a subcritical Stein-fillable contact manifold with vanishing first Chern class, and show that it is completely determined by the homology of a subcritical Stein-filling of the contact manifold.
Isabelle, M; Teodorovic, I; Oosterhuis, J W; Riegman, P H J; Passioukov, A; Lejeune, S; Therasse, P; Dinjens, W N M; Lam, K H; Oomen, M H A; Spatz, A; Ratcliffe, C; Knox, K; Mager, R; Kerr, D; Pezzella, F; Van Damme, B; Van de Vijver, M; Van Boven, H; Morente, M M; Alonso, S; Kerjaschki, D; Pammer, J; López-Guerrero, J A; Llombart-Bosch, A; Carbone, A; Gloghini, A; Van Veen, E B
Many systems have already been designed and successfully used for sharing histology images over large distances, without transfer of the original glass slides. Rapid evolution was seen when digital images could be transferred over the Internet. Nowadays, sophisticated virtual microscope systems can be acquired, with the capability to quickly scan large batches of glass slides at high magnification and compress and store the large images on disc, which subsequently can be consulted through the Internet. The images are stored on an image server, which can give simple, easy to transfer pictures to the user specifying a certain magnification on any position in the scan. This offers new opportunities in histology review, overcoming the necessity of the dynamic telepathology systems to have compatible software systems and microscopes and in addition, an adequate connection of sufficient bandwidth. Consulting the images now only requires an Internet connection and a computer with a high quality monitor. A system of complete pathology review supporting biorepositories is described, based on the implementation of this technique in the European Human Frozen Tumor Tissue Bank (TuBaFrost). PMID:17163157
Morten Fahlvik; Anne Karin Larsen; Grete Oline Hole
This article describes the process of, and considerations taken when Virtual Learning Materials were developed for an international study in Comparative Social Work arranged by the VIRCLASS project. The steps taken and the elements included in the Virtual Book A Guide to Social Work in Europe are presented in details to inform others who are planning to make virtual learning materials. Students from 11 countries in Europe participated, and their reception of this material and learning outco...
Bettencourt, Elisa Maria Varela; Tilman, Mário; Henriques, Pedro Damião de Sousa; Narciso, Vanda; Carvalho, Maria Leonor da Silva
The livestock species play very important economic and socio-cultural roles for the wellbeing of rural households, such as food supply, source of income, asset saving, source of employment, soil fertility, livelihoods, transport, agricultural traction, agricultural diversification and sustainable agricultural production. The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the different roles that livestock and livestock species play in rural communities of Timor-Leste, highli...
Zahra Esmaeili Douki; Mohammad Reza Esmaeili; Nazanin Vaezzadeh; Reza Ali Mohammadpour; Hamideh Azimi; Robabeh Sabbaghi; Mousa Esmaeil; Zohreh Shahhosseini
Objectives: The prevalence of parental violence has been an area of major public concern. There are few available data detailing the ways parents and other caregivers discipline children, particularly in low and middle income countries. This study focuses on the prevalence of different types of maternal child abuse and its association with maternal anxiety in the socio-cultural context of Iran.Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional study consisted of 562 mothers with the last child age...
The thesis examines the impact of socio-cultural environment on the development of musical talent among pupils in the 2nd three years of primary school. Thesis begins with a closer look at the definition of giftedness, which may be general or specific (partial). Specific giftedness means that children achieve above-average results in one area only, while general gifted children achieve above-average results in multiple different areas. The characteristics of gifted pupils which distinguish th...
ABSTRACT Socio-cultural perceptions and practices of dietary choices with focus on fat intake in middle aged Pakistani women in Oslo ? a qualitative study Introduction: The nutritional transition has resulted globally in dietary changes, of which high intake of fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates are some of the main characteristics. This has resulted in increase in lifestyle diseases like type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease. In Norway, a dramatic increase of type 2 Diabetes has been...
Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa; Clay Hutama Basera
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws). We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam), how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared und...
The Finnish education system is known as one of the best performing systems in the world. This has raised a significant international interest, making the export of the Finnish know-how in education a good business opportunity. This thesis considers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a target market for the export of Finnish primary education and analyzes the business environment particularly from socio-cultural aspects to shed more light on what to consider ahead before venturing in that area...
This study examines George Bernhard Shaw?s uses and transformations of dramatic genres with a view to exploring the functions of genres, regarding in particular his socio-cultural and aesthetic criticisms. The aim is to demonstrate that the transformatory use of genres can serve strong socio-critical and revolutionary aesthetic purposes. The study argues that Shaw continually experimented with dramatic forms, but his real target was their political and cultural dimensions. For Shaw, the best ...
Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws. We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam, how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared under Islamic dietary laws? This study wasrekindled by the contention that Zimbabwe is largely a Christian country and may prefer to be guided byChristian values founded on Biblical laws. We had four hypotheses which were tested using Spearmans rankcorrelation coefficient. The results revealed that indeed socio-cultural factors have little or no influence on anindividual consumers perception on consumption of halal certified food products. However, it was found outthat the Islamic consumers and other religious groups other than protestant, catholic, baptist and apostolic arehighly sensitive to their socio-cultural orientations.
Full Text Available In order for the field of psychology in the United States to maintain its relevance and validity, it must become more inclusive in its theory and research of Latinos, who are now the largest "minority" group in the nation. In particular, due to immigration and birth rates, Mexican Americans are the largest and fastest growing segment of the Latino population. This paper addresses some of the most significant historical and socio-cultural factors contributing to the psychological nature and wellbeing of Mexican Americans. These factors should be understood and used to guide research and theory in order to make the discipline of psychology relevant for Mexican Americans. The concept of mestizaje is used to explain the biological and cultural mixing constituting the diverse origins of the Mexican people. Immigration to the U.S. is described in terms of selective socio-cultural variables giving rise to a diverse Mexican American culture that is resistant to complete assimilation. Within a U.S. context, the constructs of generational status, acculturation, and biculturalism are used to explain the socio-cultural adaptation of Mexican Americans. The special role of children in immigrant families as language and cultural brokers are also discussed, and used to explain the adjustment of Mexican American families.
Mischner, Isabelle H S; van Schie, Hein T; Engels, Rutger C M E
Paying attention to thin media models may negatively affect women's self-evaluation. This study aimed to reduce the amount of attention that young women give to appearance-related information by challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance, and studied the moderating role of self-esteem. Seventy-one college women either received norm-confirming, norm-challenging, or no information regarding the sociocultural norms for appearance. Subsequently, participants' visual attention to appearance-related and neutral advertisements was measured using an eye-tracker. The results demonstrate that when no information or norm-confirming information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid more attention to the appearance-related advertisements than women with higher self-esteem. Importantly however, when norm-challenging information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid significantly less attention to the appearance-related ads than women with lower self-esteem who did not receive this manipulation. These findings indicate that challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance can attenuate the amount of attention women give to appearance-related media. PMID:23523085