WorldWideScience

Sample records for virtual sociocultural contact

  1. Figuring the transnational ‘Child-to-be-adopted’: The web as a virtual sociocultural contact zone for intercountry adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Mcilvenny, Paul; Raudaskoski, Pirkko

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents our research which is part of a larger project that explores how to track and understand the linguistic, discursive and sociocultural contact zones or networks brought about by intercountry adoption. Using mediated discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, membership categorisation analysis and interaction analysis, the project attempts to trace a host of discourses and contingent practices of care and kinship that are heterogeneously assembled to ‘tra...

  2. Figuring the Transnational 'Child-to-be-adopted' : The Web as a Virtual Sociocultural Contact Zone for Intercountry Adoption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlvenny, Paul; Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents our research which is part of a larger project that explores how to track and understand the linguistic, discursive and sociocultural contact zones or networks brought about by intercountry adoption. Using mediated discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, membership categorisation analysis and interaction analysis, the project attempts to trace a host of discourses and contingent practices of care and kinship that are heterogeneously assembled to ‘translate’ a child (legally and/or willingly) from one familial ‘place’ or network in the world to another, crossing linguistic, sociocultural, racial, class and national boundaries in the process. We introduce in this paper our first observations of the discursive construction of the ‘child-to-be-adopted’ in the pre-adoption stage. We focus on the crucial role of the ‘intimate public sphere’ of the Internet from the parents’ point-of-view, specifically their personal web pages and online diaries that anticipate the ‘transnational’ mobility of the ‘waiting’ or abandoned child in a faraway place.

  3. The Consequences of Mobility : Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    The book is an anthology of articles investigating – from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives – the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: • Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, including codeswitching and other manifestations of the construction of sociocultural identities in face-to-face interaction • Language contact in society and in the world, and social hierarchies between languages: consequences of (mobility driven) language spread, and the ensuing processes of redefining linguistic differences and identities: language competition, language promotion and language discrimination • The complex relationship between language and culture: how can we envisage mobility and language spread across cultural areas without conceptualizing language as culturally neutral? (cp. the frequent conceptualization of English as culturally neutral) • Language contact in the individual: multiple language competencies and the idea of plurilingualism - in Europe and in the world • The concept of linguaculture/languaculture, and studies related to this concept. • Language and sociocultural identity: how can we address this issue thinking both of first languages and of languages functioning as second and foreign languages? • The concepts of first language (mother tongue), second language, foreign language, and lingua franca: how can we develop and refine these analytical concepts taking into consideration the complexities of language contacts and plurilingual competencies?

  4. Transnational organizational considerations for sociocultural differences in ethics and virtual team functioning in laboratory animal science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne

    2010-05-01

    Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working with sociocultural differences in ethics and by knowing how to facilitate appropriate virtual team actions. Associated practices include implementing codes and policies transcend cultural, ethnic, or other boundaries and equipping virtual teams with the needed technology, support, and rewards to ensure timely and productive work that ultimately promotes good science and patient safety in drug development. PMID:20587155

  5. El uso del campus virtual en el practicum de psicopedagogía: un enfoque constructivista y sociocultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llorenç Andreu Barrachina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En éste trabajo se presenta la organización y seguimiento del prácticum en el marco de una universidad virtual. Desde una visión constructivista y sociocultural de la enseñanza, del aprendizaje y de la evaluación, la propuesta plantea un modelo de prácticum de la licenciatura de 2º ciclo de Psicopedagogía,  que conjuga  la tutorización y el seguimiento del trabajo de los estudiantes en el centro de prácticas simultáneamente con un trabajo de reflexión sobre la práctica que se lleva a cabo en el aula del campus virtual. La aplicación de esta metodología aporta muchos beneficios formativos para los estudiantes puesto que garantiza la adquisición de destrezas propias de la intervención psicopedagógica en un contexto determinado conjuntamente con la reflexión sobre los contextos, finalidades y objetivos de la intervención psicopedagógica. Las repercusiones, ventajas e inconvenientes de éste modelo de prácticum se analizan teniendo en cuenta también las directrices del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior.ABSTRACTUsing the virtual campus in the practicum of psychopedagogy: a socio-cultural and constructivist approach. The Practicum  (post-graduate teacher education is an area critical to the formation of a student to finish college.In the new framework of European Higher Education Area(EHEA,classroom practices have become even more important for the development of the skills required for a particular professional profile. In this paper we present the organization and monitoring of the Practicum as part of a virtual university. From a constructivist and socio-cultural teaching, learning and assessment, the proposal presents a model of practicum of the degree of 2nd cycle of psychopedagogy, which combines mentoring and monitoring the work of students in the training center work simultaneously with a reflection on practice which takes place in the classroom of the virtual campus. The results are analyzed from the satisfaction questionnaire administered to students at the end of each semester, which assesses four areas: overall satisfaction, teaching activities, resources and assessment of learning. The application of this methodology has many benefits for students training as skill acquisition warrants intervention own psychology in context togetherwith reflection on the contexts, purposes and objectives of the psychopedagogy intervention. The implications, advantages and disadvantages of this model of practicum are discussed taking into account the guidelines of the European Higher Education Area.

  6. Transnational Organizational Considerations for Sociocultural Differences in Ethics and Virtual Team Functioning in Laboratory Animal Science

    OpenAIRE

    Pritt, Stacy L.; Mackta, Jayne

    2010-01-01

    Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working wit...

  7. Social Contact in Virtual Learning Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term “social”, in this context is taken to mean “purposeful communication” and not “recreational socializing” (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)

  8. Virtual peacemakers: mimicry increases empathy in simulated contact with virtual outgroup members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasler, Béatrice S; Hirschberger, Gilad; Shani-Sherman, Tal; Friedman, Doron A

    2014-12-01

    This research examined virtual-human interactions as a new form of simulated contact between members of groups in conflict. A virtual human representing an outgroup member (a Palestinian) interacted with 60 Jewish Israeli participants in an experimental study. We manipulated postural mimicry by the virtual interaction partner during a conversation about a sensitive conflict issue. Mimicry increased empathy toward the Palestinians, irrespective of participants' feelings toward the Palestinians prior to the experiment. Further, mimicked participants who reported a priori negative feelings toward Palestinians expressed more sympathy toward their Palestinian virtual interaction partner, rated themselves as closer to him, and perceived the interaction as more harmonious compared to participants in a counter-mimicry condition. The results underscore the impact of mimicry on intergroup interactions, especially on individuals who harbor negative feelings toward the outgroup. The use of virtual-human interactions in obtaining this effect reveals the still widely unexplored potential of technology-enhanced conflict resolution. PMID:25343577

  9. Characterizing Mobility and Contact Networks in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Felipe; Santos, Matheus; Almeida, Virgílio; Guedes, Dorgival

    Virtual worlds have recently gained wide recognition as an important field of study in Computer Science. In this work we present an analysis of the mobility and interactions among characters in World of Warcraft (WoW) and Second Life based on the contact opportunities extracted from actual user data in each of those domains. We analyze character contacts in terms of their spatial and temporal characteristics, as well as the social network derived from such contacts. Our results show that the contacts observed may be more influenced by the nature of the interactions and goals of the users in each situation than by the intrinsic structure of such worlds. In particular, observations from a city in WoW are closer to those of Second Life than to other areas in WoW itself.

  10. Hybrid Contacts for CZT Virtual Frisch-grid Detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camarda G.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Chan, W.; Cui, Y.; Gul R.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; Yang, G.; James, R.B.

    2011-08-22

    In our previous design of virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors, the charge drift-lines can be terminated at the side surfaces before the carriers reach the collecting anode; this results in a loss of signal from the interacting events near the detector's edges. Here, we describe our new design for the anode contact that reduces these edge effects by focusing the electric field towards the detectors' central axes. Four detectors were fabricated with the new hybrid anode contact, and their performances were evaluated and compared to those from the previous design for our virtual Frisch-grid detectors. The results obtained for all four showed similar improvement: therefore, we illustrate them with the findings from one detector.

  11. Hybrid contacts for CZT virtual Frisch-grid detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camarda, G. S.; Bolotnikov, A. E.; Chan, W.; Cui, Y.; Gul, R.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; Yang, G.; James, R. B.

    2011-09-01

    In our previous design of virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors, the charge drift-lines can be terminated at the side surfaces before the carriers reach the collecting anode; this results in a loss of signal from the interacting events near the detector's edges. Here, we describe our new design for the anode contact that reduces these edge effects by focusing the electric field towards the detectors' central axes. Four detectors were fabricated with the new hybrid anode contact, and their performances were evaluated and compared to those from the previous design for our virtual Frisch-grid detectors. The results obtained for all four showed similar improvement: therefore, we illustrate them with the findings from one detector.

  12. Generating Virtual Eye Contacts Through Online Synchronous Communications in Virtual Classroom Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Volkan YUZER

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the characters of the Internet clearly via generating relatively new terms or concepts. “Virtual eye contact” concept is one of these. In this article, this concept is considered with a specific application of synchronous internet-based e-learning environments which is virtual classroom platform application. Explanation, technological infrastructure and benefits of this concept and training of the trainers to use this nonverbal communication type more powerfully are explained and discussed.

  13. The study about planetary gearbox virtual prototyping with nonlinear gear contact characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The virtual prototypes of gear transmission system built in most multi-body dynamic software have difficulties in describing the gear mesh characteristics. The gear mesh contact is modelled as rigid contact and this is not accurate for the gear mesh contact, which is elastic or flexible. The gear contact formula used in the multi-body dynamic software does not reveal the gear contact nonlinear stiffness characteristic. The model built with gear meshing contact is difficult to solve because of its time-consuming algorithm. In the paper a new method is put forward to build the virtual prototype of planetary gearbox system according to the nonlinear mesh stiffness and mesh phase obtained through FEM models. This new FEM method of gear mesh stiffness calculation is much more accurate than the common formulas. The gear mesh nonlinear stiffness of sun gear- pinion and pinion-ring gear of all the planetary gear sets in gearbox are obtained through MATALB code, which is used to read and plot the analyzing result data. The gear mesh phase differences between different pinions with suns or rings of different planetary gear set can be also obtained. With all these data modelled in simulink (or other software) and integrated with the multi-body dynamic planetary gearbox model and the gear meshing contact problem in multi-body gear models is solved easily and accurately. The interfaces for gear mesh stiffness and mesh phases are designed for multi-body dynamic model and simulink. or multi-body dynamic model and simulink. The nonlinear planetary gear set prototyping models are integrated to become the whole planetary gear box model and the whole vehicle system model built in multi-body dynamic software can be integrated to simulate different duty conditions. At last high speed input is put into the nonlinear planetary transmission model and the different duty cases are simulated. The dynamic characteristics of different parts are obtained. The dynamic characteristic comparison between nonlinear and linear models is made. It solves the difficulty of gear contact simulation in multi-body dynamic model and provides a new method in gear mesh stiffness calculation, which exports simulationX (or other software) model of nonlinear gear stiffness to replace that in multi-body dynamic model and succeeds in integrating planetary gear transmission with other parts of the vehicle. According to the simulation results, the conclusion can be made that the nonlinear modelling method for planetary gearbox is reliable and practical. It can be used to evaluate vibration characteristic of planetary gear transmission with high speed input

  14. Contact-based ligand-clustering approach for the identification of active compounds in virtual screening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mantsyzov AB

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexey B Mantsyzov,1 Guillaume Bouvier,2 Nathalie Evrard-Todeschi,1 Gildas Bertho11Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris, France; 2Institut Pasteur, Paris, FranceAbstract: Evaluation of docking results is one of the most important problems for virtual screening and in silico drug design. Modern approaches for the identification of active compounds in a large data set of docked molecules use energy scoring functions. One of the general and most significant limitations of these methods relates to inaccurate binding energy estimation, which results in false scoring of docked compounds. Automatic analysis of poses using self-organizing maps (AuPosSOM represents an alternative approach for the evaluation of docking results based on the clustering of compounds by the similarity of their contacts with the receptor. A scoring function was developed for the identification of the active compounds in the AuPosSOM clustered dataset. In addition, the AuPosSOM efficiency for the clustering of compounds and the identification of key contacts considered as important for its activity, were also improved. Benchmark tests for several targets revealed that together with the developed scoring function, AuPosSOM represents a good alternative to the energy-based scoring functions for the evaluation of docking results.Keywords: scoring, docking, virtual screening, CAR, AuPosSOM

  15. Immigrant Incorporation and Sociocultural Transnationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itzigsohn, Jose; Saucedo, Silvia Giorguli

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes sociocultural transnational linkages among Colombian, Dominican, and Salvadoran immigrants in the United States, emphasizing the importance of comparative analysis. Survey data indicate that participation in any particular transnational activity is low, but participation over all the different forms of transnational practices is…

  16. GENDER STEREOTYPES IN SOCIOCULTURAL REALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinitsyna Ludmila Nikolaevna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the specificity of gender problems. The purpose is to single out unique features of female world perception in the contradiction with an active man's dominant and show the necessity to solve gender contradictions in order to except destructive processes in the sociocultural space.

  17. Epidemiología sociocultural: una perspectiva necesaria / Sociocultural epidemiology: an essential aproach

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paul, Hersch-Martínez.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la necesidad de una perspectiva epidemiológica incluyente que atienda las diversas dimensiones del daño a la salud como fenómeno reflejo de la sociedad. Ello demanda una diversificación metodológica y operativa ante realidades sanitarias donde opera sistemáticamente la cultura y la organi [...] zación social. Se postulan algunos elementos definitorios y operativos de la epidemiología sociocultural como referente para dinamizar la relación entre disciplinas y sectores a partir de problemas específicos relevantes para la salud pública. Abstract in english The necessity of an inclusive epidemiological approach, capable to attend the diverse dimensions involved in health damage as a reflective phenomenon of society is analyzed. The range of perspectives involved requires an inclusive methodological scope and applicative channels, in order to deal with [...] sanitary realities systematically related to culture and social organization. Some constitutive elements of sociocultural epidemiology are underlined, shaping an operative proposal that can enhance the relationship between disciplines and sectors regarding specific outstanding public health problems.

  18. Socio-Cultural Knowledge in Conversational Inference

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaomei Yang

    2009-01-01

    In addition to words and grammar, socio-cultural knowledge is also of vital importance in the interpretation of conversations. Socio-cultural knowledge helps participants to get contextualization cues and together with other signaling channels, participants will be able to perceive the context-bound information and prepare their appropriate responses. Socio-cultural knowledge is indispensable in our modern society where people have widely varying communicative and cultural backgrounds, which ...

  19. Sociocultural determinants of induced abortion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the frequency of induced abortion and identity the role of sociocultural factors contributing to termination of pregnancy and associated morbidity and mortality in hospital setting. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were admitted for induced abortion were interviewed in privacy. On condition of anonymity they were asked about the age, parity, family setup and relationships, with particular emphasis on sociocultural reasons and factors contributing to induction of abortion. Details of status of abortionist and methods used for termination of pregnancy, the resulting complications and their severity were recorded. Results: Out of total admissions, 57(2.35%) gave history of induced abortion. All women belonged to low socioeconomic class and 59.6% of them were illiterate. Forty-three (75.5%) of these women had never practiced concentration. Twenty-four (42%) were grandmultiparae and did not want more children. In 29 women (50.9%) the decision for abortion had been supported by the husband. In 25 (43.8%) abortion was carried out by Daiyan (traditional midwives). Serious complications like uterine perforation with or without bowel injury were encouraged in 25 (43.8%) of these women. During the study period illegally induced abortion accounted for 6 (10.5%) maternal deaths. Conclusion: Prevalence of poverty, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-practice of contraception are strong determinants of induced abortion. (author) abortion. (author)

  20. Instructional Design for Sociocultural Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabinger, Scott; Aplin, Cary; Ponnappa-Brenner, Gitanjali

    2007-01-01

    To meet the goal of "preparing people for an ever-changing world", instructional programs need to apply strategies that focus on the development of critical thinking, problem solving, research, and lifelong learning. Those goals require a sociocultural approach to instruction emphasizing learning from experience and discourse. Sociocultural…

  1. Socio-cultural impacts of contemporary tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovici?, Dobrica

    2011-06-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special attention is devoted to considering complexity of tourists/host interrelationships and discussing the techniques for appraisal of quality and quantity of socio-cultural changes which tourism provokes in local communities. PMID:21755737

  2. Treating Women with Bulimia from a Sociocultural Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotelling, Kathy

    1986-01-01

    Outlines a sociocultural perspective of bulimia. Notes that since bulimia occurs in a sociocultural context, which includes a socialized developmental path with concomittant norms and values, effective treatment must address those norms and values. Recommends group therapy. (ABB)

  3. Sociocultural pressures and adolescent eating in the absence of hunger

    OpenAIRE

    Reina, Samantha A.; Shomaker, Lauren B.; Mooreville, Mira; Courville, Amber B.; Brady, Sheila M.; Olsen, Cara; Yanovski, Susan Z.; Tanofsky-kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A.

    2013-01-01

    Parental feeding practices and sociocultural pressures theoretically influence eating behavior. Yet, whether these factors relate to eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is unknown. We assessed if sociocultural pressures were associated with EAH among 90 adolescents (Mage = 15.27, SD = 1.39; 48% female). Parents completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Adolescents completed the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3, and Multidim...

  4. Anorexia Nervosa: Sociocultural Factors and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jennifer

    This paper examines how the epidemiological findings of anorexia nervosa lead theorists to speculate a correlation between sociocultural factors and the development of anorexia nervosa. A section on the essential features of anorexia nervosa identifies five primary characteristics of anorexia: (1) severe weight loss; (2) a disturbance of body…

  5. Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

    2009-01-01

    The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

  6. Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People

    OpenAIRE

    Ferika Özer Sari

    2012-01-01

    Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary rol...

  7. Sociocultural perspective of substance use in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, H K

    1996-01-01

    The present communication focuses on a sociocultural perspective of substance use in a pluralistic and diverse culture. India has a history of use of plant products, viz., cannabis, opium, and home-brewed alcoholic beverages, within a defined sociocultural framework over five millennium. Cross sectional epidemiological studies in the field of substance use in different parts of India show that certain social groups are more "vulnerable" to substance use. Caste, religion, and local customs and traditions play a significant role in the choice of drugs, their consumption, and their control in rural/semiurban populations. The intercultural barriers are diminishing in urban populations, and even alien drugs like heroin have been introduced. The social and cultural implications of the traditional vis-a-vis the altering drug use scene are discussed at length. PMID:8908712

  8. OntoSOC: Sociocultural Knowledge Ontology

    OpenAIRE

    Kaladzavi, Guidedi; Diallo, Papa Fary; Kolyang; Lo, Moussa

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a sociocultural knowledge ontology (OntoSOC) modeling approach. OntoSOC modeling approach is based on Engestrom Human Activity Theory (HAT). That Theory allowed us to identify fundamental concepts and relationships between them. The top-down precess has been used to define differents sub-concepts. The modeled vocabulary permits us to organise data, to facilitate information retrieval by introducing a semantic layer in social web platform architecture, we ...

  9. Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Alice De Mattos Pimenta Parente; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle Zimmermann; Rochele Paz Fonseca

    2012-01-01

    The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individ...

  10. Socio-Cultural Retailing: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to the cultural turn in retail studies by offering an overview of the interdisciplinary field of socio-cultural retailing and, based on this introduction, draw out and discuss what this body of work can contribute to the field of retail marketing. The paper reviews socio- cultural retail research from the disciplines of marketing, cultural geography, sociology and anthropology. Taken together this body of work clearly shows that retailing and shopping pr...

  11. Socio-cultural determinants of infant malnutrition in cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis; Fubah, Mathias Alubafi

    2015-07-01

    This study seeks to explore and explain the socio-cultural factors responsible for the incidence of infant malnutrition in Cameroon with particular emphasis on northern Cameroon where it is most accentuated. It combines quantitative data drawn from the 1991, 1998, 2004 and 2011 Cameroon Demographic and Health Surveys, as well as a literature review of publications by the WHO and UNICEF. This is further complemented with qualitative data from various regions of Cameroon, partly from a national ethnographic study on the ethno-medical causes of infertility in Cameroon conducted between 1999 and 2000. Whereas socio-cultural factors related to child feeding and maternal health (breast-feeding, food taboos and representations of the colostrum as dangerous for infants) are widespread throughout Cameroon, poverty-related factors (lack of education for mothers, natural disaster, unprecedented influx of refugees, inaccessibility and inequity in the distribution of health care services) are pervasive in northern Cameroon. This conjunction of factors accounts for the higher incidence of infant malnutrition and mortality in northern Cameroon. The study suggests the need for women's empowerment and for health care personnel in transcultural situations to understand local cultural beliefs, practices and sentiments before initiating change efforts in infant feeding practices and maternal health. Biomedical services should be tailored to the social and cultural needs of the target population - particularly women - since beliefs and practices underpin therapeutic recourse. Whereas infant diarrhoea might be believed to be the result of sexual contact, in reality, it is caused by unhygienic conditions. Similarly, weaning foods aimed at transmitting ethnic identity might not meet a child's age-specific food needs and might instead give rise to malnutrition. PMID:24717356

  12. Virtual Goods Recommendations in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan-Yu; Liao, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Jyun-Hung; Liu, Duen-Ren

    2015-01-01

    Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable virtual goods fit for their virtual home in daily virtual life. In the VWs, users decorate their houses, visit others' homes, create families, host parties, and so forth. Users establish their social life circles through these activities. This research proposes a novel virtual goods recommendation method based on these social interactions. The contact strength and contact influence result from interactions with social neighbors and influence users' buying intention. Our research highlights the importance of social interactions in virtual goods recommendation. The experiment's data were retrieved from an online VW platform, and the results show that the proposed method, considering social interactions and social life circle, has better performance than existing recommendation methods. PMID:25834837

  13. A SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH TO SCIENCE EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Tobin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available I present a sociocultural approach to research and science education that incorporates a recursive relationship between transformation and theory, acknowledges the strengths of subjectivity, and regards difference as a resource for learning. The methodology incorporates hermeneutic-phenomenology, reflexive inquiry, and event-oriented inquiry. Research on emotions contextualizes methodologies for multidisciplinary and multi-level research. Finally, a new journal that was developed as a home for cultural studies of science education is described along with the processes used in manuscript review and publication.

  14. Medical Identity : A Socio-Cultural Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Musaeus, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To examine philosophical stances underpinning medical identity and assess the conceptual relationship between physician, medical practice and culture. Argument: Medical identity is about the ideals and moral positions that physicians take when justifying themselves. Medical identity is the study of the sociocultural paragons that conceptually underlie the phenomenology of physician’s coming to take themselves as autonomous social agents. The paper relies on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit and investigates dilemmas pertaining to first objectivist versus subjectivist views and second hedonistic versus sentimentalist approaches to medical identity. The sociocultural philosophical analysis of medical identity can shed light on what it means conceptually for a physician to harbor beliefs associated with him/her being taken to be an autonomous professional. It is important because it touches on the meaning of being a compassionate, good and skilled physician, making its relevance to person-centered medicine self-evident. Conclusion: Medical identity should be analyzed with reference to literature, philosophy and medical practice in order for the physician to exercise a reflective position in the care of the individual patient which is both scientifically rational and subjectively meaningful.

  15. Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

  16. Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta, Parente; Maria Teresa, Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle, Zimmermann; Rochele Paz, Fonseca.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, [...] the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

  17. The Sociocultural Contexts of Learning in the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierema, Laura L.

    2002-01-01

    Outlines demographic dimensions of the work force: aging, gender, race, sexual orientation, immigration, language, religion. Suggests a workplace pedagogy that is sensitive to sociocultural context and includes the concept of workplace learning as a lifelong process, socioculturally sensitive policies, equal opportunity development, and diversity…

  18. Sociocultural Contexts of Time to First Sex among Hispanic Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upchurch, Dawn M.; Aneshensel, Carol S.; Mudgal, Jyoti; McNeely, Clea Sucoff

    2001-01-01

    Examines the sociocultural influences on risk of first sex among Hispanic teens living in Los Angeles County. Hispanic teens living in low-density Hispanic neighborhoods have significantly higher risk of sex than do teens living in neighborhoods with higher levels of ambient hazards. Results highlight the importance of characterizing sociocultural…

  19. Population change and socio-cultural values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    The developing countries of the world in general, and those of Asia and the Pacific in particular, recognize that unplanned population growth is a stumbling block to socioeconomic development. Discussion here focuses on population growth and social, economic, and institutional forces, which are referred to as sociocultural values. Generally, sociocultural values change sluggishly over time. The rate at which a country's sociocultural values change depends on several factors such as the stage of economic development and modernization and whether a country has an open or closed door policy. "The Value of Children Study: A Crossnational Study" by Fred Arnold et al. shows that there are positive and negative values attributed to children in the Asian countries. These are: positive general values--emotional benefits, economic benefits and security, self enrichment and development, identification with children, and family cohesiveness and continuity; negative general values--emotional costs, economic costs, restrictions on opportunity costs, physical demands, and family costs; large family values--sibling relationships, sex preferences, child survival; and small family values--maternal health and societal costs. Possibly the most formidable obstacle to the success of antinatalist population policies is that of religious values. It appears that the Muslim world is divided on the issue of fertility control. Conflicting views regarding fertility control is perhaps aggravated by the fact that there is no central international religious official hierarchy that issues out edicts. Despite the presence of a centralized religious hierarchy and a network of churches from the Vatican to the village levels among the Catholics, and a clearer elucidation of the Humanae Vitae, a liberal attitude to population regulation and family planning has emerged, largely because of the declining quality of life of the people resulting from unplanned births. Economic benefits of children include benefits from children's help in the house, business, or farm, from care of siblings, and from sharing of income; and old age security for the parents, including economic support, physical care, and psychological security. People in some countries of the region have a number of prenatalist values and beliefs, including a preference for sons. Changing attitudes and social realities have resulted in value changes, value crises, value conflicts, and confusion. Value clarification has much potential in terms of a couple's decision making. Values clarification involves at least 7 steps: choosing freely; choosing from alternatives; choosing after thoughtful consideration of consequences; prizing and cherishing; publicly affirming; acting; and acting with some pattern. PMID:12265664

  20. Learning as discourse change: A sociocultural mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickman, Per-Olof; Östman, Leif

    2002-09-01

    This paper deals with a theoretical mechanism for learning and a methodological approach for analyzing meaning making in classroom talk and action. It examines the potential of the approach for illuminating learning on a discursive level, i.e., how discourses change and how individuals become participants of new practices. Our approach involves a high-resolution analysis of how meaningful relations are built in encounters between individuals and between individuals and the world. The approach is based mainly on the work of the later Wittgenstein, but also on pragmatism and sociocultural research. To demonstrate how our approach can be used, we analyze what university students learn during a practical on insects. We specifically demonstrate how the encounters with physical pinned insects contribute to the meaning students make and how these encounters interact with other experiences during laboratory work.

  1. EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEI-LUN KAO

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000. Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different factors involved. To achieve this, this literature review aims to explore the central concepts of sociocultural theories and how such perspectives assist researchers in examining the interaction involved in the field of second language research.

  2. Sociocultural Learning Theory in Practice: Implications for Athletic Training Educators

    OpenAIRE

    Peer, Kimberly S.; Mcclendon, Ronald C.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To discuss cognitive and sociocultural learning theory literature related to athletic training instructional and evaluation strategies while providing support for the application of these practices in the didactic and clinical components of athletic training education programs.

  3. Black Women in Song: Some Socio-Cultural Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryder, Georgia A.

    1976-01-01

    Notes that black women, while making their marks in the history of song, have provided both windows opening onto the socio-cultural complexities of their times and, through their careers, reflectors of those times. (Author/AM)

  4. EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE

    OpenAIRE

    PEI-LUN KAO

    2010-01-01

    Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL) research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000). Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different fa...

  5. Socio-cultural acceptability of cadaver Transplantation in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mobasser N, Zahmatkeshan N.

    2012-01-01

    Organ transplantation is known to be a new and innovative treatment for patients with progressive organ failures. The present study investigates the current status of transplantation from cadaver along with its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran. The present study is a descriptive research in a systematic review method. Here, by investigating previously conducted researches in Iran during the period 2002-2010, the status of transplantation from cadaver and its socio-cultural acceptability i...

  6. La salud pública. Un fenómeno sociocultural complejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos\\u00E9 F. Garc\\u00EDa-Rodr\\u00EDguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El tema de la salud, es recurrente en las ciencias del hombre. Es lógico, pues se trata de un problema sensible que de una forma u otra preocupa a toda la humanidad. Es consustancial a su ser esencial, a su conciencia de finitud y sus ansias de trascendencia. La salud no es sólo ausencia de enfermedad y condición que aleja la muerte. Ese final que tanto tememos y que la ciencia intenta vencer. La salud es mucho más. No es sólo la sana existencia. Es el vivir a plenitud, tanto desde el punto de vista social como material y espiritual. Por ello, referirse a la salud es remitirse a uno de esos problemas que hoy día la ciencia ubica como fenómeno complejo y multidisciplinario. Dicha denominación no desecha su esencia contradictoria; al contrario, revela con fuerza las múltiples mediaciones, determinaciones y condicionamientos que le son inmanentes, y que hacen que devenga en un sistema complejo. Este abordaje de la salud determina que estemos en presencia de un problema de naturaleza biológico y sociocultural, que las ciencias de la salud y otras disciplinas no deben soslayar. Por esta misma razón, el estudio de la salud pública, definida por las características y condiciones de salud presentes en los grupos sociales en distintos niveles de análisis: comunitario; municipal; estatal; regional; nacional e internacional, debe darse a partir de una perspectiva multidisciplinaria y transdisciplinaria, en la cual los conceptos de atención primaria; promoción de la salud; modo de vida y estilo de vida, en tanto elementos determinantes y condicionantes de los niveles de salud de la población, deberían constituir los aspectos prioritarios de toda política pública sanitaria.

  7. Organizaciones Virtuales Organizaciones Virtuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladis Cecilia Villegas Arias

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Virtual Organizations are new organizational forms originated from both the replacementof face to face communications by remote communications supported by electronic means,and from the accesibility of real time information about the operation of the company, forall employees.This article pursues the following goals: 1 To define virtual organization, review its sociotechnical antecedents and propose a preliminary classification into inter-organizationaland intra-organizational forms.  2 To discuss the characteristics of virtual organizationsand their impact on organizational design, and 3 To compare virtual organizations toother organizational forms.Las organizaciones virtuales son formas organizativas nuevas, que resultan de: primero, reemplazar las interacciones cara a cara con interacciones remotas, soportadas por comunicaciones electrónicas y segundo,  proveer acceso en tiempo real a toda la información de la empresa para todos los trabajadores.En este artículo se busca: 1 Definir organización virtual, revisar sus antecedentes y proponeruna clasificación básica preliminar de las mismas  2 Discutir las características de las organizaciones virtuales y sus implicaciones para el diseño organizativo 3 Comparar estaforma organizativa a las formas organizativas no virtuales.

  8. The effects of virtual space on learning: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Sköld, Olle; ?bo Akademi University

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines how the effects of virtual space on learning have been elucidated in recent research with the aim of providing both a comprehensive picture of the current state of research and interesting avenues for future projects. Drawing on a multidisciplinary review, it identifies five key themes that together constitute research in virtual space and learning: analogies between the study of physical space and learning; socio-cultural constructivist perspectives; practical and theoret...

  9. PLEs from virtual ethnography to social web

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Torres; Jordi Ojeda; Josep Monguet; Hugo Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtua...

  10. Baseline-free delamination inspection in composite plates by synthesizing non-contact air-coupled Lamb wave scan method and virtual time reversal algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zenghua; Yu, Hongtao; Fan, Junwei; Hu, Yanan; He, Cunfu; Wu, Bin

    2015-04-01

    In the paper, we combined air-coupled Lamb wave scan method and virtual time reversal (VTR) algorithm and proposed a composite baseline-free delamination inspection technique of composite plates. According to VTR algorithm, time reversal process is virtually performed through signal operations and the hardware manipulation for time reversal is not required. Baseline-free damage inspection can be achieved by comparing the first input actuation signal with the reconstructed final signal obtained by VTR algorithm. An air-coupled Lamb wave scan method combined with VTR-based probabilistic imaging algorithm is developed for delamination inspection of composite plates. Carbon fiber-reinforced composite plates with the delaminations of different shapes and sizes were experimentally tested. The testing results are well in accordance with the actual delamination locations and sizes as well as the results obtained with the commercial point-to-point immersion C-scan system.

  11. Predictores de la adaptación sociocultural de estudiantes universitarios extranjeros en Argentina / Predictors of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign university students in Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandro, Castro Solano; María Laura, Lupano Perugini.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El interés para realizar esta investigación surgió a partir de que Argentina recibe un número creciente de estudiantes de otros países latinoamericanos, atraídos por el idioma, el prestigio académico y las condiciones económicas. Como resultado del contacto intercultural, los estudiantes atraviesan [...] el proceso psicológico denominado aculturación, que implica cambios afectivos, comportamentales y cognitivos. En virtud de lo antedicho, este estudio se propuso identificar predictores de adaptación sociocultural en función de variables sociodemográficas, culturales y psicológicas de estudiantes que decidieron realizar sus estudios universitarios en Argentina. Participaron 216 estudiantes migrantes que se encontraban cursando diferentes carreras universitarias, el 57% eran mujeres (n = 124) y el 43% varones (n = 92), con un promedio de edad de 24.18 años (DE = 4.55). El 86% (n = 186) había nacido en Latinoamérica. El restante 14% provenía de países de Europa y Asia. El tiempo promedio de residencia en Argentina era de 3.31años. Se emplearon diferentes instrumentos diseñados ad hoc y/o adaptados para medir las variables involucradas en el estudio. A partir de los resultados obtenidos, no se pudo corroborar la influencia por parte de variables sociodemográficas (edad y tiempo de residencia). En cambio, entre las variables culturales se constató que percibir bajos niveles de discriminación y ansiedad intergrupal predice buenos niveles de adaptación sociocultural. En cuanto a las variables psicológicas, se corroboró que el apoyo social y la satisfacción percibida contribuyen a la adaptación sociocultural. En términos globales, las variables culturales y psicológicas predicen con mayor éxito la adaptación sociocultural en relación alas sociodemográficas. Abstract in english The interest of this research arises from that Argentina received a growing number of students from other Latin-American countries. International migration has risen exponentially in recent decades due to advances in technology and communications. According to the International Organization for Migr [...] ation (OIM, 2010), the estimated number of international migrants in the world for that year was 214 million, doubling the previous two decades. Globalization has promoted exchanges among different cultures, but also caused the collision between different value systems, beliefs and customs that, in many cases, generates situations of confusion or discomfort in people (Furnham & Bochner, 1986). Approximately 2.9million people each year decide to make or complete their studies in other countries (OECD, 2008). Argentina receives an increasing number of students from other Latin-American countries, attracted by the language, the academic prestige of the local universities and the favorable economic conditions (Filmus, 2007). At the present, international students represent 1.6% of university students in Argentina. Therefore, Argentina is the fourth host country of America, after United States, Canada and Uruguay. As a result of intercultural contact, students go through the psychological process called acculturation, which involves affective, behavioral and cognitive changes. Taking into account the antecedents mentioned, this research proposed to identify predictors of socio-cultural adaptation based on socio-demographic, cultural and psychological variables, in international students who decided to make their university studies in Argentina. The participants of the study were 216 migrant students who were studying different careers. 57% were women (n = 124) and 43% males (n = 92) with an average age of 24.18 years (SD = 4.55). 86% (n = 186) were born in Latin-America. The remaining 14% came from Europe and Asia. The average residence time in Argentina was 3.31 years. The reasons for their arrival in Argentina were diverse, 50% (n = 108) of them considered that Argentina was a good place to study for its academic prestige and low costs. The remaining half was divided between family reasons (n = 47, 21%),

  12. Aids, drogas, riscos e significados: uma construção sociocultural AIDS, drugs, risks and meanings: a sociocultural construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Silveira Paulilo

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa discursos sobre o risco do HIV/Aids e das drogas, extraídos de duas pesquisas qualitativas desenvolvidas entre jovens de escolas públicas e jovens participantes em programas e serviços sociais públicos. Os dados provieram de grupos focais, oficina e resposta escrita a uma questão aberta; e questionário com questões fechadas e abertas. O texto se baseia em dois eixos de análise presentes no caso da aids e das drogas. O primeiro se relaciona à projeção do risco para um território distante estabelecido pela figura do "outro". O segundo se refere à busca do prazer trazido pelo sexo e pelas drogas, prazer constituído pela sensação de vertigem, de êxtase, de perda dos sentidos, componente oposto à racionalidade esperada pelo discurso preventivo. A compreensão sociocultural do risco nos levou a considerar que, embora cientes do discurso preventivo relacionado aos efeitos negativos das drogas e do HIV/Aids, os jovens o incorporam de forma particular, na qual aparecem inconsistências, ambivalências e ambigüidades. Concluímos que a linguagem do risco para os jovens é diferente daquela presente na área da saúde. Os riscos são concebidos e controlados em meio a diferenças culturais e não reduzidos à probabilidade de ocorrência de um evento negativo, como tratado pela linguagem racional moderna.The article analyzes the discourse about the risk represented by HIV/Aids and drugs, found in two qualitative researches carried out with youngsters from public schools and from public social services and programs. The data came, for the first research, from focus groups, workshops and a written answer to an open question; and for the second one, a questionnaire with close and open questions. This text is based on two analysis axes which occur in both cases, aids and drugs. The first one is related to the projection of the risk to a distant territory established by the figure of the "other". The second one is related to the search for pleasure provided by sex and drugs, pleasure which derives from dizziness, ecstasy, senses'loss, opposed to the rationality expected by the preventive discourse. The sociocultural comprehension of the risks led us to consider that, in spite of the knowledge about the preventive discourse of the negative effects related to aids and drugs, this is done with inconsistency, ambivalence and ambiguities. It is concluded that the language of the risk for the youngsters is different from the one presented in the health area. These risks are conceived and controlled within the framework of cultural differences, not being reduced to the probability of a negative event, as in the modern rational language.

  13. Sociocultural Contexts for the Early Development of Semiotic Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braswell, Gregory S.

    2006-01-01

    Children constantly encounter signs during cultural practices, although many theories do not fully acknowledge sociocultural aspects of semiotic development. The author examines research on cultural practices and contexts in which children learn to produce signs involving representational drawing and pretend play. This work is contrasted with more…

  14. The Sociocultural Factors of Russian Stagnation and Modernization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapin, N. I.

    2012-01-01

    An analysis of the results of six Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Surveys, "The Values and Interests of the Population of Russia" (1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, and 2010), conducted by the Center for the Study of Sociocultural Changes at the Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, provides evidence that two stages in the…

  15. Art project as mechanism of reflection of sociocultural activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Maksimova

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In article the essence of the organization and the mechanism of work of the manager of the art art project in the field of sociocultural activity is considered. The issues reflecting need for training of professional managers of art projects and experts in the field of additional education are touched.

  16. Sociocultural Theory in Second Language Education: An Introduction through Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Merrill; Kinnear, Penny; Steinman, Linda

    2010-01-01

    In this accessible introduction to Vygotskyian sociocultural theory, narratives illuminate key concepts of the theory. These key concepts, addressed across seven chapters, include mediation; Zone of Proximal Development; collaborative dialogue; private speech; everyday and scientific concepts; the interrelatedness of cognition and emotion,…

  17. Caribbean Life in New York City: Sociocultural Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Constance R., Ed.; Chaney, Elsa M., Ed.

    This book comprises the following papers discussing Caribbean life in New York City: (1) The Context of Caribbean Migration (Elsa M. Chaney); (2) The Caribbeanization of New York City and the Emergence of a Transnational Socio-Cultural System (Constance R. Sutton); (3) New York City and Its People: An Historical Perspective Up to World War II…

  18. What Is Literacy?--A Critical Overview of Sociocultural Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Kristen H.

    2012-01-01

    Sociocultural perspectives on literacy include various theories focused on the myriad ways in which people use literacy in context, which include a strong emphasis on power relations. Yet, these theories also have important differences, and many in the field of literacy do not clearly differentiate among them. I provide a critical overview of…

  19. Education for Sustainable Development, Participation and Socio-Cultural Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laessoe, Jeppe

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues for a historical and socio-cultural approach to participation as a key concept in a democratically oriented education for sustainable development (ESD). With three empirical examples from a non-formal educational setting, it demonstrates that even though a relatively open framework is provided for genuine participation, certain…

  20. The Bias of Materiality in Sociocultural Research: Reconceiving Embodiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheville, Julie

    2006-01-01

    Although language practices must obviously be an empirical focus in sociocultural research, this article suggests that emphasis on the human body's material aspect has not revealed how, in particular communicative contexts, its ideational influence surpasses that of language. This article suggests that in the "social" semiotic, the body's function…

  1. Sociocultural Theories and Their Application in Information Literacy Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li; Bruce, Christine; Hughes, Hilary

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on the example of a recent study (Wang, 2010), this paper discusses the application of a sociocultural approach to information literacy research and curricular design. First, it describes the foundation of this research approach in sociocultural theories, in particular Vygotsky's sociocultural theory. Then it presents key theoretical…

  2. Modeling socio-cultural processes in network-centric environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Eunice E.; Santos, Eugene, Jr.; Korah, John; George, Riya; Gu, Qi; Kim, Keumjoo; Li, Deqing; Russell, Jacob; Subramanian, Suresh

    2012-05-01

    The major focus in the field of modeling & simulation for network centric environments has been on the physical layer while making simplifications for the human-in-the-loop. However, the human element has a big impact on the capabilities of network centric systems. Taking into account the socio-behavioral aspects of processes such as team building, group decision-making, etc. are critical to realistically modeling and analyzing system performance. Modeling socio-cultural processes is a challenge because of the complexity of the networks, dynamism in the physical and social layers, feedback loops and uncertainty in the modeling data. We propose an overarching framework to represent, model and analyze various socio-cultural processes within network centric environments. The key innovation in our methodology is to simultaneously model the dynamism in both the physical and social layers while providing functional mappings between them. We represent socio-cultural information such as friendships, professional relationships and temperament by leveraging the Culturally Infused Social Network (CISN) framework. The notion of intent is used to relate the underlying socio-cultural factors to observed behavior. We will model intent using Bayesian Knowledge Bases (BKBs), a probabilistic reasoning network, which can represent incomplete and uncertain socio-cultural information. We will leverage previous work on a network performance modeling framework called Network-Centric Operations Performance and Prediction (N-COPP) to incorporate dynamism in various aspects of the physical layer such as node mobility, transmission parameters, etc. We validate our framework by simulating a suitable scenario, incorporating relevant factors and providing analyses of the results.

  3. Strategy and methodology for the sociocultural reform of education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmolov A.G.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This chapter explains the strategy for the sociocultural reform of education as a socialization institution that plays a key role in the focused development of value systems, standards, paradigms, and behavioral patterns in the population of Russia. The author reveals the role education plays in modeling such phenomena of social development as the social consolidation of society, the civil identity of representatives of various social groups and national cultures, the encouragement of social confidence, the successful socialization of oncoming generations, and the social stratification of the population of Russia. This chapter also considers the benefits of the sociocultural reform of education as a growth driver for the competitive strength of the individual, the society, and the state and for the further design of long-term programs for the social and economic development of Russia, including the federal education-development program.

  4. Sociocultural Factors Influencing HIV Disclosure Among Men in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwelunmor, Juliet; Sofolahan-Oladeinde, Yewande; Airhihenbuwa, Collins O

    2015-05-01

    In South Africa, more than 2 million people living with HIV are men aged 15 years and older, and heterosexual intercourse remains the predominant mode of HIV transmission. Knowledge of the sociocultural factors that influence men's decisions about whether, when, or how to disclose seropositive status remains incompletely understood. Using the PEN-3 cultural model as a guide, this study explored the sociocultural factors influencing HIV disclosure among men in South Africa. Four focus group discussions with 27 participants were used to determine the perceptions, enabling and nurturing factors that influence how men chose to reveal or conceal knowledge of their seropositive status. The results revealed that notions of male identity in the South African context, family, and community factors contribute to disclosure and nondisclosure of seropositive status among men living with HIV/AIDS. Future interventions should work to address these factors, as they are necessary with supporting disclosure among men living with HIV. PMID:24871161

  5. Contact Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Patients & Public > Caring for Your Vision > Contact Lenses Contact Lenses Eye See Tobacco Free Contact Lens Safety ... up visits over a specified time. Recommendations for Contact Lens Wearers from the American Optometric Association Always ...

  6. Estrategias de aculturación y adaptación psicológica y sociocultural de estudiantes extranjeros en la Argentina / Acculturation strategies and psychological and sociocultural adaptation of foreign students in Argentina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandro, Castro Solano.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementació [...] n de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la perspectiva del migrante y la de los miembros de la cultura huésped. Participaron del estudio dos muestras de estudiantes universitarios (125 estudiantes extranjeros de diferentes carreras universitarias y 121estudiantes universitarios argentinos). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron los siguientes: las formas real e ideal de la Encuesta de Estrategias Aculturativas de Berry (1997), una escala de discriminación percibida y para examinar las medidas de adaptación, se administraron escalas de adaptación sociocultural y de adaptación académica diseñadas ad-hoc y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985). Los resultados señalan que la estrategia preferida es la integración y la menos utilizada, la de marginalización. Tanto la percepción del migrante como la del estudiante huésped coinciden con respecto al uso de la estrategia aculturativa preferida, coincidiendo las percepciones tanto del propio sujeto en proceso de aculturación como la de los miembros de la cultura receptora. La integración es la estrategia que trae mejores resultados adaptativos. Aquellos que optaron por el estilo integrativo, eran los migrantes que percibían mayor satisfacción con la vida y un mejor ajuste a la vida académica en general. Abstract in english At present the number of foreign university student is one of the largest in modern history. It has been characterized as those who reside voluntarily and temporarily abroad in order to participate in educational exchange with the intention of returning to their country once they have achieved the p [...] urpose of their trip. These kinds of student have been classified as sojourners (temporary residents) and they are people who migrate from one cultural context for a relatively long time (6 months to 5 years). In the last decade Argentina start hosting a large amount of foreign university students, attracted by the language, the favorable economic conditions and the prestige of universities in Latin America. University students have to deal with a psychological phenomenon called acculturation and it is the process of psychological and cultural change resulting from intercultural contact. Adaptation to this event can be either psychological or cultural. The psychological is related to the well-being experienced as a result of cultural contact. Cultural adaptation involves the implementation of social skills needed to function effectively within a complex cultural environment. Based on acculturation Berry´s model a study was designed to test the acculturative strategies applied by a group of foreign students who had migrated to carry on university studies in Argentina. Berry propose two separate dimensions: (1) immigrants feel their cultural identity and customs as valuable enough to keep them in the host society (maintenance) and (2) relationships with other people or groups in society are truly valuable to identified and encouraged (participation). These dimensions lead to four acculturation strategies. (a) Integration: the migrant try to maintain their cultural heritage and also maintains contact with the dominant cultural group. (b) Assimilation: the individual does not retain their native culture and attempts to maintain contact only with dominant culture members. (c) Marginalization: occurs when the migrant has no interest or ability to pursue their native culture and it is unlikely to come into contact with the host culture. (d) Separation: this occurs when the migrant is able to maintain their original culture but avoid or cannot have interact

  7. Life-Course : A Socio-Cultural Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Zittoun, Tania

    2014-01-01

    This chapter characterizes a socio-cultural psychology of the life-course, and shows how it differs from other approaches of the life-course. General principles for such a psychology are highlighted, and a particular attention to ruptures, transitions, and the processes these involve, is proposed. Such a basic “grammar” enables us to highlight a few dynamics of development; empirical situations chosen along typical life-courses exemplify them. Issues to be further examined can thus be hig...

  8. A aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch, e implicações para a educação em ciências Wertsch's sociocultural approach to mind and its implication for Science Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsandro Pereira de Pereira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma introdução à aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch. Um primeiro pressuposto da aproximação sociocultural é a noção de que a "ação mediada" é a unidade de análise. A partir dessa perspectiva, a ação humana tipicamente emprega ferramentas culturais, ou meios mediacionais, que são fornecidos por um cenário sociocultural particular. O uso concreto dessas ferramentas culturais envolve uma "tensão irredutível" entre agentes ativos e itens como computadores, livros, linguagem, entre outros. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar a aproximação sociocultural de Wertsch como possível referencial teórico para o ensino de ciências e para as pesquisas nessa área.This paper presents an introduction to the sociocultural approach to mind, as outlined by James V. Wertsch. A starting point for the sociocultural approach is the claim that it takes "mediated action" as unit of analysis. From this perspective, human action typically employs cultural tools, or mediational means, that are provided by a particular sociocultural setting. The concrete use of these cultural tools involves an "irreducible tension" between active agents and items such as computers, books, language, and others. The aim of this paper is to present Wertsch's sociocultural approach as a possible theoretical framework for science teaching and for research in this area.

  9. A aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch, e implicações para a educação em ciências / Wertsch's sociocultural approach to mind and its implication for Science Education

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alexsandro Pereira de, Pereira; Fernanda, Ostermann.

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma introdução à aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch. Um primeiro pressuposto da aproximação sociocultural é a noção de que a "ação mediada" é a unidade de análise. A partir dessa perspectiva, a ação humana tipicamente emprega ferramentas culturais, ou meios [...] mediacionais, que são fornecidos por um cenário sociocultural particular. O uso concreto dessas ferramentas culturais envolve uma "tensão irredutível" entre agentes ativos e itens como computadores, livros, linguagem, entre outros. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar a aproximação sociocultural de Wertsch como possível referencial teórico para o ensino de ciências e para as pesquisas nessa área. Abstract in english This paper presents an introduction to the sociocultural approach to mind, as outlined by James V. Wertsch. A starting point for the sociocultural approach is the claim that it takes "mediated action" as unit of analysis. From this perspective, human action typically employs cultural tools, or media [...] tional means, that are provided by a particular sociocultural setting. The concrete use of these cultural tools involves an "irreducible tension" between active agents and items such as computers, books, language, and others. The aim of this paper is to present Wertsch's sociocultural approach as a possible theoretical framework for science teaching and for research in this area.

  10. PLEs from virtual ethnography to social web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observación participante,la cual se realizó participando en comunidades virtuales y por medio de un blog y otrasherramientas 2.0. El resultado de la experiencia etnográfica es un modelo descriptivo dela web 2.0 basado en un Entorno Personal de Aprendizaje (PLE.

  11. Virtual marketing in virtual enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Fattahi, Hamaid Ali; Golnam, Arash

    2008-01-01

    Virtualization caused tremendous evolution in the economics of marketing channels, patterns of physical distribution and the structure of distributors and developed a new concept that is known as virtual marketing (VM). VM combines the powerful technologies of interactive marketing and virtual reality. Virtual enterprise (VE) refers to an organization not having a clear physical locus. In other words, VE is an organization distributed geographically and whose work is coordinated through e...

  12. Wireless virtualization

    CERN Document Server

    Wen, Heming; Le-Ngoc, Tho

    2013-01-01

    This SpringerBriefs is an overview of the emerging field of wireless access and mobile network virtualization. It provides a clear and relevant picture of the current virtualization trends in wireless technologies by summarizing and comparing different architectures, techniques and technologies applicable to a future virtualized wireless network infrastructure. The readers are exposed to a short walkthrough of the future Internet initiative and network virtualization technologies in order to understand the potential role of wireless virtualization in the broader context of next-generation ubiq

  13. Students’ Socio-cultural Competence Development, Using English and Russian Phraseological Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umit I. Kopzhasarova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural competence development. The set of exercises on socio-cultural competence development on the material of English and Russian phraseological units, developed by authors, include language and speech tasks; tasks based on project and creative research activity methods, which are the basis of development of the main socio-cultural skills that are necessary in intercultural communication

  14. The Role of Cognitive Apprenticeship in Learning Science in a Virtual World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramdass, Darshanand

    2012-01-01

    This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, "Science games and the development of possible selves". In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on…

  15. Gaming in a 3D Multiuser Virtual Environment: Engaging Students in Science Lessons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Cher, P.; Nonis, Darren; Hedberg, John

    2006-01-01

    Based on the exploratory study of a 3D multiuser virtual environment (3D MUVE), known as Quest Atlantis (QA), in a series of Primary Four (10- to 11-year-olds) Science lessons at Orchard Primary School in Singapore, this paper examines the issues of learning engagement and describes the socio-cultural context of QA's implementation. The students…

  16. An Activity Theory Approach to Analyze Barriers to a Virtual Management Information Systems (MIS) Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaradat, Suhair; Qablan, Ahmad; Barham, Areej

    2011-01-01

    This paper explains how the activity theory is used as a framework to analyze the barriers to a virtual Management Information Stream (MIS) Curriculum in Jordanian schools, from both the sociocultural and pedagogical perspectives. Taking the activity system as a unit of analysis, this study documents the processes by which activities shape and are…

  17. New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alegría Majluf

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.

  18. Socio-cultural animation as a method of work in social pedagogy

    OpenAIRE

    S?arlija, Mateja

    2014-01-01

    The diploma work presents socio-cultural animation as a method of work in social pedagogy. The theoretical part describes socio-cultural animation (cold and hot world, history, animators in practice and its foundations in social pedagogy) and sociopedagogical ways of working that are put into use in socio-cultural animation (group and group work, group dynamics, social influence, communication, experiential learning, community, field work as a project). In the empirical part, I described t...

  19. The Impact of Socio-Cultural Environment on Entrepreneurial Emergence: An Empirical Analysis of Nigeria Society

    OpenAIRE

    Masoje Oghenerobaro Mamuzo Akpor-Robaro

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents an analytical and evaluative study of the impact of socio-cultural environment on entrepreneurial emergence. The study uses as reference case, the socio-cultural characteristics of Nigerian society and their role in the emergence of entrepreneurs in Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted and data collected through the instruments of questionnaire and personal interview. The study revealed that the Nigerian socio-cultural characteristics, in some ways, have provided i...

  20. Research tools of regional commercial realestate markets via variety of sociocultural factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Kosarev

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Multi-factorial researching of regional commercial real estate markets through sociocultural aspects represents a complex challenge. There are no precedents of special regional sociocultural assessment in the field of commercial real estate. Moreover, there are no corresponding tools for researches. This article describes the main characteristics of offered sociocultural regional commercial real estate markets assessment tools, realised in Hofstede’s specially transformed parametrical system and suitable for applied researches.

  1. Implicaciones educativas de la teoría sociocultural de Vigotsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lupita Chaves Salas

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar la teo-ría sociocultural del Lev Vigotsky y reflexionar sobre lasimplicaciones educativas de dicha teoría en los procesosde enseñanza y aprendizaje que se organizan en la es-cuela. Con base en los postulados de Vigotsky, se invita alas docentes y los docentes a repensar su práctica peda-gógica y a promover cambios en su labor profesional conel fin de ofrecer una educación más contextualizada ysignificativa que ayude a formar personas críticas y crea-tivas que contribuyan a construir una sociedad más de-mocrática y solidaria

  2. THE IMPACT OF TOURISM ON THE SOCIOCULTURAL STRUCTURE OF CYPRUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Spanou

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on evaluating tourism development in Cyprus, a European nation, and its impacts on the socio-cultural structure of the island. The principal concern of this research is aid in sustaining the resource base on which the tourism development in Cyprus depends on. The paper concludes that in spite of all the negative and positive impacts of tourism on Cyprus it is not yet clear whether the benefits outweigh the costs. The reason for this uncertainty is that most of the research is done on an estimate as there is no empirical data available as yet to support either side of the equation.

  3. A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety

    CERN Document Server

    Rowley, Emma

    2011-01-01

    This edited volume of original chapters brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety

  4. The Potential for Vygotskian Sociocultural Perspective in Researching Researcher Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minh Hue Nguyen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper builds on the recently emerged scholarship of researcher development and considers a potential conceptual framework to inform methodology in research on researcher development. Specifically, I begin by examining the knowledge base of researcher development and discussing a recently proposed agenda for research in the field. I then argue that there is a particular need for a conceptual framework to underpin research on researcher development and consider the potential of a framework that draws upon Vygotskian sociocultural and activity theory. At the end of the paper, I present analysis of qualitative data from existing researcher development literature to illustrate how this framework can be applied empirically.

  5. Contact dermatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dermatitis - contact; Allergic dermatitis; Dermatitis - allergic ... There are two types of contact dermatitis. Irritant dermatitis: This is the most common type. It can be by contact with acids, alkaline materials such as soaps and detergents , ...

  6. Virtual volatility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, A. Christian; Prange, Richard E.

    2007-03-01

    We introduce the concept of virtual volatility. This simple but new measure shows how to quantify the uncertainty in the forecast of the drift component of a random walk. The virtual volatility also is a useful tool in understanding the stochastic process for a given portfolio. In particular, and as an example, we were able to identify mean reversion effect in our portfolio. Finally, we briefly discuss the potential practical effect of the virtual volatility on an investor asset allocation strategy.

  7. Virtual volatility

    CERN Document Server

    Silva, A C; Prange, Richard E.

    2006-01-01

    We introduce the concept of virtual volatility. This simple but new measure shows how to quantify the uncertainty in the forecast of the drift component of a random walk. The virtual volatility also is a useful tool in understanding the stochastic process for a given portfolio. In particular, and as an example, we were able to identify mean reversion effect in our portfolio. Finally, we briefly discuss the potential practical effect of the virtual volatility on an investor asset allocation strategy.

  8. Virtual Neuron

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-14

    Neurons are able to communicate with each other using biochemicals called neurotransmitters. Use Virtual Neuron to explore neurotransmitter properties, make neurons fire, and manipulate neural circuits.

  9. EL CARÁCTER SOCIOCULTURAL DE LA ENSEÑANZA EN LA EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR (THE SOCIOCULTURAL NATURE OF TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obregón Rodríguez Carmen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Como la escuela en general, el ámbito de la educación superior también nos ofrece un escenario privilegiado para recabar evidencias del carácter sociocultural del pensamiento. Fundada en las exploraciones de Vigotzky y expandida por sus seguidores, la perspectiva sociocultural establece que nuestro pensamiento en general, y las funciones mentales superiores en particular, están por definición culturalmente mediados; y que no hay forma de no estar culturalmente situados cuando llevamos a cabo una acción, usualmente acorde con los patrones aceptados por el grupo social al que se pertenece (acción mediada. A partir de estas aseveraciones, este ensayo intenta justificar la importancia de un mayor conocimiento del contexto cultural que tiene lugar al interior de la educación superior, y una mejor comprensión de las implicaciones que las diferencias disciplinarias tienen en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje; dar cuenta de algunos hallazgos de incursiones de la investigación empírica a este respecto; y cerrar enmarcando los aportes concretos de este ejercicio dentro de una eminente preocupación por encontrar nuevas formas de articular la multiculturalidad; de integrar la diversidad que nos habita y nos estructura, y que forma parte de nuestras herencias y de nuestro presente cultural.Abstract:Just like school does in a general sense, higher education creates a privileged setting for collecting evidences of the sociocultural nature of thinking. Grounded in Vygotsky’s explorations and extended by his colleagues, the sociocultural perspective establishes that our thinking in a broad sense, and higher psychological functioning in particular, are by definition culturally mediated; and that there is no other way than to be culturally situated when taking action, usually following patterns accepted by the social group to which one belongs (mediated action. Parting from those statements, this essay attempts to justify the importance of a better understanding of the higher education’s cultural context, the implications that disciplinary differences have both for teaching and for learning; also to take into consideration some empirical research findings in the field. All this with a great concern for finding alternatives to promote interdisciplinary dialogue; and ways to understand the diversity that surrounds us and gives us structure; diversity which is part of our natural inheritance and our cultural present.

  10. Artificial donor insemination in Yaounde: some socio-cultural considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, O M

    1992-10-01

    Infertility affects about 14% of the population in Cameroon. The majority of those affected are between 26-30 years old. Between 40-50% of all cases of infertility are associated with male failure, and azoospermia is implicated in 14.4% of the cases. There is thus an indication for assisted reproduction among this category of infertile couples particularly artificial insemination by donor (A.I.D.). A comparative study on fertile and infertile couples' perception of A.I.D. revealed that knowledge of A.I.D. is low, 35.30% of infertile respondents were aware of the procedure via à vis 30.6% of their fertile counterparts. Nonetheless 49% of infertile respondents accepted A.I.D. in principle compared to 37.75% of their fertile counterparts. Despite the high value respondents placed on having children and the strong desire by infertile couples to have their reproductive potentials fulfilled, only 19.6% of infertile respondents and 42.87% of their fertile counterparts respectively, would actually practice A.I.D. if the need arose. There are indications that respondents did not perceive A.I.D. as an acceptable solution to infertility. Evidently, the possible influence of socio-cultural barriers to A.I.D. as well as perceived socio-cultural alternatives which may be more acceptable to infertile couples than a technically assisted form of reproduction, have been overlooked. PMID:1411691

  11. Socio-cultural acceptability of cadaver Transplantation in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mobasser N, Zahmatkeshan N, Farhadi N, Nikeghbalian S and Hasankhani H

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Organ transplantation is known to be a new and innovative treatment for patients with progressive organ failures. The present study investigates the current status of transplantation from cadaver along with its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran. The present study is a descriptive research in a systematic review method. Here, by investigating previously conducted researches in Iran during the period 2002-2010, the status of transplantation from cadaver and its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran has been investigated. To collect the data, the access to Iranmedex website, the premier medical data center in Iran, was made possible using the related keywords. The obtained data indicate whereas there is an increase in the number of organ donations from cadaver, it is still low in comparison to other countries. The lack of consent from families of brain-dead patients is a major hurdle on the way of organ transplantation in Iran. In the cases of willingness to donate organs, the major effective factors were the deceased’s religious beliefs and prior tendency. In 66% of the cases, the donors’ families deemed organ donation phenomenon effective in alleviating the sorrow after the death of their beloved ones. The number of organ donation from cadaver in Iran is low contrary to other countries. It seems that general instructions to raise the knowledge on the subject and lay the foundation to increase the tendency towards posthumous organ donation are necessary.

  12. A socio-cultural model of Judean ethnicity: A proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Cromhout

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the matter of Judean (“Jewish” ethnic identity during the first century CE. New Testament scholarship lacks an overall interpretive framework by which Judean identity can be understood. Appreciation of what informed the entire process of Judean ethnic identity formation in the first century, or at any period for that matter, is lacking. This lack of interpretive framework is rather acute in scholarship on the historical Jesus, where the issue of Judeanness (“Jewishness” is most strongly debated. A Socio-Cultural Model of Judean Ethnicity is developed, as being a synthesis of (1 Sanders’ notion of covenantal nomism, but reappropriated to serve as an ethnic descriptor, (2 Berger and Luckmann’s theories on the sociology of knowledge, (3 Dunn’s “four pillars of Second Temple ‘Judaism’” and his “new perspec-tive” on Paul, (4 cultural anthropology in the form of modern ethnicity theory, and lastly, (5 Duling’s Socio-Cultural Model of Ethnicity. The proposed model is termed covenantal nomism. It is a pictorial representation of the Judean “symbolic universe” which, as an ethnic identity, is proposed to be essentially primordialist.

  13. Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: gender and age differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Esnaola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1 La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2 las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3 las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4 el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2, de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC, de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén...

  14. Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehler, Ted

    2006-12-01

    Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds Coastline Community College has under development several virtual lab simulations and activities that range from biology, to language labs, to virtual discussion environments. Imagine a virtual world that students enter online, by logging onto their computer from home or anywhere they have web access. Upon entering this world they select a personalized identity represented by a digitized character (avatar) that can freely move about, interact with the environment, and communicate with other characters. In these virtual worlds, buildings, gathering places, conference rooms, labs, science rooms, and a variety of other “real world” elements are evident. When characters move about and encounter other people (players) they may freely communicate. They can examine things, manipulate objects, read signs, watch video clips, hear sounds, and jump to other locations. Goals of critical thinking, social interaction, peer collaboration, group support, and enhanced learning can be achieved in surprising new ways with this innovative approach to peer-to-peer communication in a virtual discussion world. In this presentation, short demos will be given of several online learning environments including a virtual biology lab, a marine science module, a Spanish lab, and a virtual discussion world. Coastline College has been a leader in the development of distance learning and media-based education for nearly 30 years and currently offers courses through PDA, Internet, DVD, CD-ROM, TV, and Videoconferencing technologies. Its distance learning program serves over 20,000 students every year. sponsor Jerry Meisner

  15. Information Literacy in the 21st Century Multicultural Classroom: Using Sociocultural Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blas, Elise A.

    2014-01-01

    Sociocultural literacy guides an instructor's pedagogy in the multicultural university classroom. By employing sociocultural literacy in the information literacy classroom, the instruction librarian can better teach students from all cultures including international students, first generation students, or students from a wide array of…

  16. Educating for Financial Literacy: A Case Study with a Sociocultural Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprow Forte, Karin

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the teaching and learning in an adult financial literacy education program aimed specifically at Latina single mothers to understand the influence of sociocultural factors in this setting. Informed by critical and Latina feminist sociocultural adult learning perspectives and the transtheoretical model of behavior change,…

  17. Muscle Dysmorphia, Gender Role Stress, and Sociocultural Influences: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Readdy, Tucker; Watkins, Patti Lou; Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2011-01-01

    Our study explored the contribution of gender role stress (GRS) and sociocultural appearance demands to symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a college sample of 219 women and 154 men. For women, five GRS subscales, sociocultural appearance demands, age, and frequency of aerobic exercise predicted MD symptoms (model R[superscript 2] = 0.33;…

  18. Depression as a Moderator of Sociocultural Influences on Eating Disorder Symptoms in Adolescent Females and Males

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, Rachel F.; Paxton, Susan J.; Chabrol, Henri

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the role of depression as a moderator of sociocultural influences on eating disorder symptoms. A sample of 509 adolescents (56% female) completed self-report questionnaires assessing depression, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms and sociocultural influences on appearance from family, peers and…

  19. The linguistic element as a sociocultural mark in the border media O elemento linguístico como marca sociocultural na mídia fronteiriça

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Maria Muller

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The linguistic element as a sociocultural mark in the border media — Based on the speech of local people, this article makes an analysis of how some sociocultural practices end up creating a culture influenced by border elements, in a space delimited by the semi-conurban cities of Uruguaiana (Brazil and Paso de Los Libres (Argentina. These practices can be found in the local media, causing them to participate in the formation of a border culture. The constant traffic of people and symbolic and material goods contribute to the sedimentation of a de facto Latin American integrationist process. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar, a partir das falas do homem do lugar, o fronteiriço, como algumas práticas socioculturais passam a criar uma cultura influenciada por elementos da fronteira, num espaço delimitado pelas cidades semiconurbadas de Uruguaiana (Brasil e Paso de Los Libres (Argentina. Tais práticas podem ser encontradas nos meios de comunicação local, fazendo com que estes participem da formação de uma cultura fronteiriça. O trânsito constante de pessoas, bens simbólicos e materiais contribuem para a sedimentação de um processo integracionista latino-americano de fato.

  20. Relação sociocultural dos brinquedos artesanais vendidos em feiras livres / Toys in craft fairs and their sociocultural meanings

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Djavan, Antério; Pierre Normando, Gomes-da-Silva.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa objetivou analisar o significado sociocultural dos brinquedos artesanais vendidos em feiras livres. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo descritiva, de campo. Os Sujeitos participantes foram vendedores de brinquedos artesanais das feiras livres das cidades de Campina [...] Grande e João Pessoa, principais no Estado da Paraíba. Utilizou-se da entrevista semiestruturada e da observação direta com registro em diário de campo. Concluiu-se que os brinquedos artesanais apresentam importantes significados para os feirantes vendedores desses objetos, principalmente no que se refere ao período de infância vivida, ao significado intergeracional somado à história cultural do brinquedo e à realidade educacional dos Sujeitos. Abstract in english The research aimed to analyze the sociocultural meaning of craft toys sold in street fair. This is a research of qualitative, descriptive and field approach. The participants were sellers of handmade toys in the cities of Campina Grande and Joao Pessoa, the main in Paraíba State. We used the semistr [...] uctured interview and direct observation in field diary. It was concluded that the handcrafted toys have important meanings for the market trader sellers of these objects, especially with concerns to the period of childhood experienced, to the intergenerational meaning added to the cultural history of the toy and to the educational reality of the subjects.

  1. Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferika Özer Sari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

  2. Virtual actuators with virtual sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Gawthrop, P.J.

    2005-01-01

    The virtual actuator approach to bond graph based control is extended to use virtual sensor inputs; this allows relative degree conditions on the controller to be relaxed. Furthermore, the effect of the transfer system can be eliminated from the closed loop system. Illustrative examples are given.

  3. Creating opportunities to learn in mathematics education: a sociocultural perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goos, Merrilyn

    2014-09-01

    The notion of `opportunities to learn in mathematics education' is open to interpretation from multiple theoretical perspectives, where the focus may be on cognitive, social or affective dimensions of learning, curriculum and assessment design, issues of equity and access, or the broad policy and political contexts of learning and teaching. In this paper, I conceptualise opportunities to learn from a sociocultural perspective. Beginning with my own research on the learning of students and teachers of mathematics, I sketch out two theoretical frameworks for understanding this learning. One framework extends Valsiner's zone theory of child development, and the other draws on Wenger's ideas about communities of practice. My aim is then to suggest how these two frameworks might help us understand the learning of others who have an interest in mathematics education, such as mathematics teacher educator-researchers and mathematicians. In doing so, I attempt to move towards a synthesis of ideas to inform mathematics education research and development.

  4. Body ideals for heterosexual romantic partners: gender and sociocultural influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murnen, Sarah K; Poinsatte, Katherine; Huntsman, Karen; Goldfarb, Jesse; Glaser, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use. Consuming sports media and watching reality television were the best media predictors of men's judgments about women's bodies. Less variability was explained in women's preferences for men partners' bodies, but endorsing adversarial sexual attitudes was positively related to judging the ideals chosen for men's bodies as important. Results were interpreted within both evolutionary and sociocultural theoretical frameworks. PMID:25462878

  5. Commentary: sociocultural factors in medicine and gastrointestinal research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drossman, Douglas A; Weinland, Stephan R

    2008-07-01

    (Table is included in full-text article.)The authors examine the work by Gerson et al., with respect to the role of cultural factors in clinical gastrointestinal practice and research. These often underappreciated factors play an important role in the diverse populations that clinicians work with in westernized countries and internationally. This study argues for the importance of addressing culture when examining the perception of symptoms and the roles of physician and patient. Research questions as well as treatment decisions can be compromised if a patient's cultural belief systems are not accommodated. Sociocultural factors affect physician-patient interactions and particularly affect how symptoms are reported and treated. An understanding of specific cultural contributions to symptom experience can enhance the clinician's ability to engage in more effective research and treatment. PMID:18679058

  6. The Socio-Cultural Functions of Kazakh Kinship Terms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muldagaliyeva A. A.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a study of the Kazakh kinship structure, classification and the socio-cultural functions of the Kazakh kinship terms. The Kazakhs have developed at first glance very complex and many branched kinship bonds with the moral codes, family relationship etiquette, the patterns of rights , duties and responsibilities thus being one of the strongest binding forces. The first and foremost principle of the Kazakh kinship system is the principle of “the seven ancestors”-a particular kind of chain of parent-child links between ancestors and descendants. The principle of 7 ancestors defines marriage rules, sex regulation, and incest taboo. For Kazakhs kinship was one of the strongest survival strategies thanks to which they could save integrity of their country. Every terminologically identified kinship category is associated with a culturally distinctive pattern of behavior which should be followed in relation to EGO.

  7. Exploring complex sociocultural situations through soft operational research

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maurice, Yolles.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its nor [...] mal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.

  8. La solución de problemas cognitivos. Una reflexión cognitiva sociocultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalía Montealegre

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al abordar: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo: los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales

  9. Sociocultural and Economic Dimensions of Rift Valley Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muga, Geoffrey Otieno; Onyango-Ouma, Washington; Sang, Rosemary; Affognon, Hippolyte

    2015-01-01

    Health researchers have advocated for a cross-disciplinary approach to the study and prevention of infectious zoonotic diseases, such as Rift Valley Fever. It is believed that this approach can help bring out the social determinants and effects of the zoonotic diseases for the design of appropriate interventions and public health policy. A comprehensive literature review using a systematic search strategy was undertaken to explore the sociocultural and economic factors that influence the transmission and spread of Rift Valley Fever. Although the findings reveal a paucity of social research on Rift Valley Fever, they suggest that livestock sacrificial rituals, food preparation and consumption practices, gender roles, and inadequate resource base for public institutions are the key factors that influence the transmission. It is concluded that there is need for cross-disciplinary studies to increase the understanding of Rift Valley Fever and facilitate appropriate and timely response and mitigation measures. PMID:25688166

  10. Dynamic Virtual Credit Card Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molloy, Ian; Li, Jiangtao; Li, Ninghui

    Theft of stored credit card information is an increasing threat to e-commerce. We propose a dynamic virtual credit card number scheme that reduces the damage caused by stolen credit card numbers. A user can use an existing credit card account to generate multiple virtual credit card numbers that are either usable for a single transaction or are tied with a particular merchant. We call the scheme dynamic because the virtual credit card numbers can be generated without online contact with the credit card issuers. These numbers can be processed without changing any of the infrastructure currently in place; the only changes will be at the end points, namely, the card users and the card issuers. We analyze the security requirements for dynamic virtual credit card numbers, discuss the design space, propose a scheme using HMAC, and prove its security under the assumption the underlying function is a PRF.

  11. Virtual Satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammrs, Stephan R.

    2008-01-01

    Virtual Satellite (VirtualSat) is a computer program that creates an environment that facilitates the development, verification, and validation of flight software for a single spacecraft or for multiple spacecraft flying in formation. In this environment, enhanced functionality and autonomy of navigation, guidance, and control systems of a spacecraft are provided by a virtual satellite that is, a computational model that simulates the dynamic behavior of the spacecraft. Within this environment, it is possible to execute any associated software, the development of which could benefit from knowledge of, and possible interaction (typically, exchange of data) with, the virtual satellite. Examples of associated software include programs for simulating spacecraft power and thermal- management systems. This environment is independent of the flight hardware that will eventually host the flight software, making it possible to develop the software simultaneously with, or even before, the hardware is delivered. Optionally, by use of interfaces included in VirtualSat, hardware can be used instead of simulated. The flight software, coded in the C or C++ programming language, is compilable and loadable into VirtualSat without any special modifications. Thus, VirtualSat can serve as a relatively inexpensive software test-bed for development test, integration, and post-launch maintenance of spacecraft flight software.

  12. Hipiles yucatecos, flores multicolores: Estética e identidad sociocultural

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dalia, Ruiz Ávila.

    Full Text Available Todo discurso posee una dimensión estética, cuya proporción varía de acuerdo con el tipo discursivo que se aborda y que puede ser analizada desde la interdisciplinariedad. Este trabajo se centra en el análisis del hipil que porta la mujer maya de la región de Los Chenes de la Península de Yucatán, e [...] n tanto texto constituido por códigos que interactúan y se integran a la construcción del yo/nosotros y el mundo. En esa prenda, elaborada a partir de una pieza de tela de algodón rectangular, decorada con un bordado alrededor del escote y en la orilla inferior, el diseño y los colores de las flores, hojas, animales, ramas y grecas, constituyen un lenguaje particular que trasciende el juicio estético y adquiere, en su contexto sociocultural, diversos significados para quien lo porta y para quien lo mira. Abstract in english Every discourse has an aesthetic dimension as well as a particular composition that varies according to the discursive type, which can be analyzed from an interdisciplinary perspective. This work focuses on the visual discourse of a traditional Mayan dress, made and worn by women of the Yucatan Peni [...] nsula, and known in Spanish as the "hipil." Fabricated from cotton cloth and embroidered around the neckline and the bottom edge with different motifs such as flowers, leaves, animals, branches and frets, the complex interlacing of images constitutes a particular code that holds different meanings for the wearer and the viewer. In this study I will analyze the garments that are worn in the sociocultural context of Los Chenes (Campeche).

  13. El aspecto socio-cultura del pensamiento y del lenguaje: visión Vygotskyana / The socio-cultural aspect of thought and language: the vygotskyan vision

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmen, Mota de Cabrera; José, Villalobos.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Una premisa básica de la teoría vygotskyana es la de que toda forma de actividad mental humana de orden superior es derivada de contextos sociales y culturales y que la misma es compartida por los miembros de ese contexto debido a que estos procesos mentales son ajustables. De acuerdo con la teoría [...] sociocultural de Vygotsky, el conocimiento es un fenómeno profundamente social y este fenómeno moldea las formas que el individuo tiene disponibles para pensar e interpretar el mundo. En esta experiencia el lenguaje juega un papel fundamental en una mente formada socialmente porque es nuestra primera vía de contacto mental y de comunicación con otros y representa una herramienta indispensable para el pensamiento. Por considerar que el lenguaje representa un puente muy importante entre el mundo sociocultural y el funcionamiento mental del individuo, Vygotsky calificó la adquisición del lenguaje como la piedra angular del desarrollo cognoscitivo del niño Abstract in english A basic premise of the vygotskyan theory is that every form of human mental activity of superior order derives from social and cultural contexts, and since these mental processes are adjustable, it is shared by the members of that context. According to Vygotsky ’s socio-cultural theory, knowledge is [...] a deeply social phenomenon and this phenomenon molds the ways a person has available to interpret and think about the world. Language plays an important role in a socially educated mind during this experience because it is our first way of mental contact and communication with others and represents an indispensable tool for thinking. Considering that language represents a very important bridge between the socio-cultural world and the individual ’s mental functioning, Vygotsky qualified language acquisition as the cornerstone of children ’s cognositive development

  14. Virtually Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virtually Hawaii is provided by researchers at the University of Hawaii, Proxemy Research, Terra Systems, and private company sponsors. Visitors can explore virtual field trips of the Hawaiian Islands, participate in remote sensing tutorials, work with an interactive spectral imager, view space and aircraft images, and more. The virtual field trip of the "big island" includes a simulated flight, a ground tour, a kids tour, and a link to six ways to enjoy Kilauea Volcano. An interesting and informative site, everyone from kids to grandparents will enjoy its content and ease of use.

  15. Intelligent virtual interfaces for telerobotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinstein, Georges G.; Maybury, Mark T.; Mitchell, Richard B.

    1992-11-01

    One promise of telerobotics is the ability to interact in environments that are distant (e.g., deep sea or deep space), dangerous (e.g., nuclear, chemical, or biological environments), or inaccessible by humans for political or legal reasons. A key component to such interactions are sophisticated human-computer interfaces that can replicate sufficient information about a local environment to permit remote navigation and manipulation. This environment replication can, in part, be provided by technologies such as virtual reality. In addition, however, telerobotic interfaces may need to enhance human-machine interaction to assist users in task performance, for example, governing motion or manipulation controls to avoid obstacles or to restrict interaction with certain objects (e.g., avoiding contact with a live mine or a deep sea treasure). Thus, effective interactions within remote environments require intelligent virtual interfaces to telerobotic devices. In part to address this problem, MITRE is investigating virtual reality architectures that will enable enhanced interaction within virtual environments. Key components to intelligent virtual interfaces include spoken language processing, gesture recognition algorithms, and more generally, task recognition. In addition, these interfaces will eventually have to take into account properties of the user, the task, and discourse context to be more adaptive to the current situation at hand. While our work has not yet investigated the connection of virtual interfaces to external robotic devices, we have begun developing the key components for intelligent virtual interfaces for information and training systems.

  16. Virtual Dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary Novak

    This is an interactive exercise about Geologic Time. It focuses on how geologists and archaeologists determine the ages of rocks and ancient artifacts. This is a beta release of an instructional activity still under development. Virtual Dating contains two modules as well as a demonstration version. One module is Virtual Dating Isochron for rocks and minerals and the other is Virtual Dating Radiocarbon (Carbon-14). The interactive modules involve the students in exploring data and background information and answering questions as they move through the activity. An answer checking and feedback function is employed. There is also a Virtual Dating Demo if you want to do a quick run-through of the activity without answer checking enabled.

  17. Virtual Homotopy

    OpenAIRE

    Dye, H. A.; Kauffman, Louis H

    2006-01-01

    Two welded (respectively virtual) link diagrams are homotopic if one may be transformed into the other by a sequence of extended Reidemeister moves, classical Reidemeister moves, and self crossing changes. In this paper, we extend Milnor's mu and bar mu invariants to welded and virtual links. We conclude this paper with several examples, and compute the mu invariants using the Magnus expansion and Polyak's skein relation for the mu invariants.

  18. Contact interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Couroussé, Damien; Gil, Jorge Juan

    2007-01-01

    Many research fields are concerned with contacts between objects or between a human and an object. As a first generality, one can say that contact makes the distinction between existence or absence of short distance physical interaction. Furthermore, the notion of contact means a short distance interaction between two physical entities.

  19. Virtual Specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Paor, D. G.

    2009-12-01

    Virtual Field Trips have been around almost as long as the Worldwide Web itself yet virtual explorers do not generally return to their desktops with folders full of virtual hand specimens. Collection of real specimens on fields trips for later analysis in the lab (or at least in the pub) has been an important part of classical field geoscience education and research for generations but concern for the landscape and for preservation of key outcrops from wanton destruction has lead to many restrictions. One of the author’s favorite outcrops was recently vandalized presumably by a geologist who felt the need to bash some of the world’s most spectacular buckle folds with a rock sledge. It is not surprising, therefore, that geologists sometimes leave fragile localities out of field trip itineraries. Once analyzed, most specimens repose in drawers or bins, never to be seen again. Some end up in teaching collections but recent pedagogical research shows that undergraduate students have difficulty relating specimens both to their collection location and ultimate provenance in the lithosphere. Virtual specimens can be created using 3D modeling software and imported into virtual globes such as Google Earth (GE) where, they may be linked to virtual field trip stops or restored to their source localities on the paleo-globe. Sensitive localities may be protected by placemark approximation. The GE application program interface (API) has a distinct advantage over the stand-alone GE application when it comes to viewing and manipulating virtual specimens. When instances of the virtual globe are embedded in web pages using the GE plug-in, Collada models of specimens can be manipulated with javascript controls residing in the enclosing HTML, permitting specimens to be magnified, rotated in 3D, and sliced. Associated analytical data may be linked into javascript and localities for comparison at various points on the globe referenced by ‘fetching’ KML. Virtual specimens open up new possibilities for distance learning, where design of effective lab exercises has long been an issue, and they permit independent evaluation of published field research by reviewers who do not have access to the physical field area. Although their creation can be labor intensive, the benefits of virtual specimens for education and research are potentially great. Interactive 3D Specimen of Sierra Granodiorite at Outcrop Location

  20. Sociocultural influences on strategies to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles among ten cultural groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, Marita P; Busija, Lucy; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Ricciardelli, Lina; Mellor, David; Mussap, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    This study determined how sociocultural messages to change one's body are perceived by adolescents from different cultural groups. In total, 4904 adolescents, including Australian, Chilean, Chinese, Indo-Fijian, Indigenous Fijian, Greek, Malaysian, Chinese Malaysian, Tongans in New Zealand, and Tongans in Tonga, were surveyed about messages from family, peers, and the media to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles. Groups were best differentiated by family pressure to gain weight. Girls were more likely to receive the messages from multiple sociocultural sources whereas boys were more likely to receive the messages from the family. Some participants in a cultural group indicated higher, and others lower, levels of these sociocultural messages. These findings highlight the differences in sociocultural messages across cultural groups, but also that adolescents receive contrasting messages within a cultural group. These results demonstrate the difficulty in representing a particular message as being characteristic of each cultural group. PMID:25497878

  1. Sociocultural patterning of neural activity during self-reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan; Wang, Chenbo; Allen, Micah; Frith, Chris; Roepstorff, Andreas; Han, Shihui

    2014-01-01

    Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts, whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e. interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network. PMID:22956678

  2. Sociocultural patterning of neural activity during self-reflection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional MRI, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental, and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs. a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e., interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network.

  3. Virtual Tower

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary responsibility of an intrusion detection system (IDS) operator is to monitor the system, assess alarms, and summon and coordinate the response team when a threat is acknowledged. The tools currently provided to the operator are somewhat limited: monitors must be switched, keystrokes must be entered to call up intrusion sensor data, and communication with the response force must be maintained. The Virtual tower is an operator interface assembled from low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf hardware and software; it enables large amounts of data to be displayed in a virtual manner that provides instant recognition for the operator and increases assessment accuracy in alarm annunciator and control systems. This is accomplished by correlating and fusing the data into a 360-degree visual representation that employs color, auxiliary attributes, video, and directional audio to prompt the operator. The Virtual Tower would be a valuable low-cost enhancement to existing systems

  4. Virtual Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Sims Bainbridge

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In four ways, massively multiplayer online role-playing games may serve as tools for advancing sustainability goals, and as laboratories for developing alternatives to current social arrangements that have implications for the natural environment. First, by moving conspicuous consumption and other usually costly status competitions into virtual environments, these virtual worlds might reduce the need for physical resources. Second, they provide training that could prepare individuals to be teleworkers, and develop or demonstrate methods for using information technology to replace much transportation technology, notably in commuting. Third, virtual worlds and online games build international cooperation, even blending national cultures, thereby inching us toward not only the world consciousness needed for international agreements about the environment, but also toward non-spatial government that cuts across archaic nationalisms. Finally, realizing the potential social benefits of this new technology may urge us to reconsider a number of traditional societal institutions.

  5. Administrative culture in Nepal: does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?

    OpenAIRE

    Rameshwor, Dangal

    2005-01-01

    Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

  6. Administrative culture in Nepal:does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?

    OpenAIRE

    Rameshwor, Dangal

    2005-01-01

    Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

  7. Ramadan Fasting and Competitive Sports: Psychological Adaptation within Socio-cultural Context

    OpenAIRE

    Jolly Roy; Rabindarjeet Singh; Anaurene Roy; Shazarina Hamidan

    2012-01-01

    The article examines the influence of socio-cultural practices of Ramadan fasting in competitive sports and adaptation pathway of the athletes. The study describes how the socio-cultural context acts as the social “panopticon” and explains the adaptation pathways among Muslim archers. Foucauldian concept explains individual actions and behaviors within social and cultural settings, and adaptation pathways during Ramadan fasting. Eleven elite Malaysian Muslim archers participated in an ope...

  8. Virtual Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Launched February 26, 1999, Virtual Economy (VE) is an Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Biz/ed, and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC-UK) learning tool based on the UK governmental model for economic forecasting and planning. This elaborate site contains a "floor plan" for constructing a functional budget and is complete with teacher and student guides, case studies, and model details.

  9. Accuracy of Contacts Calculated from 3D Images of Occlusal Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLong, R.; Knorr, S.; Anderson, G.C.; Hodges, J.; Pintado, M.R.

    2007-01-01

    Objective Compare occlusal contacts calculated from 3D virtual models created from clinical records to contacts identified clinically using shimstock and transillumination. Methods Upper and lower full arch alginate impressions and vinyl polysiloxane centric interocclusal records were made of 12 subjects. Stone casts made from the alginate impressions and the interocclusal records were optically scanned. Three-dimensional virtual models of the dental arches and interocclusal records were constructed using the Virtual Dental Patient Software©. Contacts calculated from the virtual interocclusal records and from the aligned upper and lower virtual arch models were compared to those identified clinically using 0.01 shimstock and transillumination of the interocclusal record. Virtual contacts and transillumination contacts were compared by anatomical region and by contacting tooth pairs to shimstock contacts. Because there is no accepted standard for identifying occlusal contacts, methods were compared in pairs with one labeled “standard” and the second labeled “test”. Accuracy was defined as the number of contacts and non-contacts of the “test” that were in agreement with the “standard” divided by the total number of contacts and non-contacts of the “standard”. Results Accuracy of occlusal contacts calculated from virtual interocclusal records and aligned virtual casts compared to transillumination were: 0.87±0.05 and 0.84±0.06 by region and 0.95±0.07 and 0.95±0.05 by tooth, respectively. Comparisons with shimstock were: 0.85±0.15 (Record), 0.84±0.14 (Casts), and 81 ± 17 (Transillumination). Conclusions The virtual record, aligned virtual arches, and transillumination methods of identifying contacts are equivalent, and show better agreement with each other than with the shimstock method. PMID:17418474

  10. Factors Affecting the Implementation of Policy 2450, Distance Education and the West Virginia Virtual School, as Perceived by Principals/Assistant Principals, Counselors, and Distance Learning Contacts and/or Course Facilitators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdette, Keith R.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the factors important to the implementation of West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2450, Distance Learning and the West Virginia Virtual School. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that facilitated and impeded implementation of the policy, as perceived by principals/assistant principals, counselors, and…

  11. Is Virtual Reality Virtually Here?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Clay

    1992-01-01

    Virtual reality, a three-dimensional simulation technology, may best be used (1) when training mistakes would be costly; (2) when the environment cannot be experienced in the real world; (3) to improve human-machine interfaces; (4) to make training situations real; and (5) to make the perceptible imperceptible. (SK)

  12. Socio-cultural sustainability of pig production: Citizen perceptions in the Netherlands and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boogaard, B.K.; boekhorst, L.J.S.

    2011-01-01

    Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisite to justify animal production within a society. The objective of the present study was therefore to gain further insights into socio-cultural sustainability of pig production. Many citizens may not know what contemporary pig production actually entails. To give people a real life experience with pig production, we conducted farm visits with citizen panels with 18 respondents in the Netherlands and 8 respondents in Denmark. In both countries, respondents were divided over two panels and each panel visited a conventional and an organic pig farm. During the farm visits respondents noted their sensory experiences — what do you smell, hear, see and feel? In addition, each respondent made pictures of six positive and six negative aspects on the farms for which they had to write a motivation. The qualitative analysis resulted in seven socio-cultural themes (SCT) of pig production namely: 1) meat production, 2) farm activities, 3) farm income, 4) animals, 5) housing system, 6) environment and nature, and 7) culture and landscape. Each SCT included several socio-cultural aspects (appreciations, SCA) and socio-cultural issues (concerns, SCI). We identified 31 SCAs in the Netherlands and 33 SCAs in Denmark, of which 29 were SCIs in both countries. Although many issues were associated with animal welfare, the results also showed that social concerns of pig production extended beyond animal welfare. In general it can be stated that citizens are strongly concerned about overexploitation of animals in contemporary pig production systems, but at the same time they appreciate the dynamism in a pig farm including certain modern developments.

  13. Contact urticaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakelin, S H

    2001-03-01

    Contact urticaria has been reported following skin contact with a multitude of substances ranging from simple chemicals to macromolecules. Its prevalence amongst the general population is unknown, but it may be a relatively common and under-recognized phenomenon. Non-immunological (irritant) causes typically elicit mild localized reactions, which clear within hours. Such agents can be found widely in food, cosmetics and medicaments. The lower diagnostic end-point for nonimmunological contact urticaria has been the subject of debate, which makes interpretation of the literature difficult. Immunological (allergic) contact urticaria is due to immediate-type hypersensitivity, and occurs most commonly in atopic individuals. It is mediated primarily by histamine, and may be associated with systemic, and potentially life-threatening symptoms. Natural rubber latex is one of the most important causes today, and the recent 'epidemic' of latex protein allergy has helped draw attention to this subject. Immunological contact urticaria to animal or vegetable matter may occasionally affect those who handle food, and other occupations such as agricultural and veterinary workers. This may be associated with development of a protein contact dermatitis. The diagnosis of immunological contact urticaria can often be confirmed by simple investigations such as skin prick testing or measurement of specific IgE. PMID:11298101

  14. Interpersonal Influence in Virtual Social Networks and Consumer Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Botti Abbade

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the attitude of college students regarding to interpersonal influence in virtual social networks related to consume decisions. It was conducted a survey with 200 college students from an Institution of Higher Education located in Santa Maria/RS. The sample was obtained through voluntary adhesion and the data collection instrument was applied in a virtual environment. Scales were adapted to measure and evaluate the propensity of students to influence and be influenced by their virtual contacts. The results suggest that the scales adapted are satisfactory to measure what they intend to do. The study also found that men are more able to influence the opinions of their virtual social contacts. On the other hand, the time dedicated to access the Internet positively and significantly influences the propensity of users to be influenced by their virtual social contacts. The correlation between the ability to influence the propensity to be influenced is significant and positive.

  15. Virtual Sky

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Virtual Sky Viewer is sponsored by The Center for Advanced Computing Research at the California Institute of Technology and the Microsoft Corporation. The Web site allows users to view "stunning, seamless images of the night sky; not just an album of popular places, but the entire northern sky at high resolution". Although reading the help link before attempting to use the viewer is recommend, the powerful application gives fascinating and unique views of the sky that most people have never seen. >.

  16. Virtual Geoengineer

    Science.gov (United States)

    The site presents specific topics in geoengineering practice through photos, maps, diagrams, and videos using texts. Materials found in the Virtual Geoengineer include: photos with details of projects, case histories, photos of different construction methods with explanations and equipment used in construction, and construction issues on specific projects. Topics covered include: geology, earthquake engineering, foundations, excavation, in-situ testing, dams, geosynthetics, landslides, and slope failures.

  17. Predictor virtualization

    OpenAIRE

    Burcea, Ioana; Somogyi, Stephen; Moshovos, Andreas; Falsafi, Babak

    2008-01-01

    Many hardware optimizations rely on collecting information about program behavior at runtime. This information is stored in lookup tables. To be accurate and effective, these optimizations usually require large dedicated on-chip tables. Although technology advances offer an increased amount of on-chip resources, these resources are allocated to increase the size of on-chip conventional cache hierarchies. This work proposes Predictor Virtualization, a technique that uses the existing memory hi...

  18. Virtual anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Gerhard W

    2015-02-01

    Comparative morphology, dealing with the diversity of form and shape, and functional morphology, the study of the relationship between the structure and the function of an organism's parts, are both important subdisciplines in biological research. Virtual anthropology (VA) contributes to comparative morphology by taking advantage of technological innovations, and it also offers new opportunities for functional analyses. It exploits digital technologies and pools experts from different domains such as anthropology, primatology, medicine, paleontology, mathematics, statistics, computer science, and engineering. VA as a technical term was coined in the late 1990s from the perspective of anthropologists with the intent of being mostly applied to biological questions concerning recent and fossil hominoids. More generally, however, there are advanced methods to study shape and size or to manipulate data digitally suitable for application to all kinds of primates, mammals, other vertebrates, and invertebrates or to issues regarding plants, tools, or other objects. In this sense, we could also call the field "virtual morphology." The approach yields permanently available virtual copies of specimens and data that comprehensively quantify geometry, including previously neglected anatomical regions. It applies advanced statistical methods, supports the reconstruction of specimens based on reproducible manipulations, and promotes the acquisition of larger samples by data sharing via electronic archives. Finally, it can help identify new, hidden traits, which is particularly important in paleoanthropology, where the scarcity of material demands extracting information from fragmentary remains. This contribution presents a current view of the six main work steps of VA: digitize, expose, compare, reconstruct, materialize, and share. The VA machinery has also been successfully used in biomechanical studies which simulate the stress and strains appearing in structures. Although methodological issues remain to be solved before results from the two domains can be fully integrated, the various overlaps and cross-fertilizations suggest the widespread appearance of a "virtual functional morphology" in the near future. PMID:25418603

  19. Virtual Volcano

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Discovery Channel's website has several interactive features on volcanoes to complement its programs on Pompeii. At the homepage, visitors can explore a virtual volcano, by clicking on "Enter". The virtual volcano has several components. The first is a quickly revolving globe with red triangles and gray lines on it that represent active volcanoes and plate boundaries. Clicking on "Stop Rotation", located next to the globe, will enable a better look. Visitors can also click one of the topics below the globe, to see illustrations of "Tectonic Plates", "Ring of Fire" (no, not the Johnny Cash song), and "Layers Within". Visitors can click on "Build your Own Volcano and Watch it Erupt" on the menu on the left side of the page, where they will be given a brief explanation of two factors that affect the shape and explosiveness of volcanoes: viscosity and gas. Then they must choose, and set, the conditions of their volcano by using the arrows under the viscosity and gas headings, and clicking on "Set Conditions", underneath the arrows. Once done, a description of the type of volcano created will be given, and it's time to "Start Eruption". While the lava flows, and the noise of an eruption sounds, terms describing various features of the volcano are superimposed on the virtual volcano, and can be clicked on for explanations.

  20. Helpful Contacts

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The data used to populate the Helpful Contacts database is available for public usage. This functionality is primarily used by health policy researchers and the...

  1. Contact problems

    CERN Document Server

    Galin, Lev Aleksandrovich

    2008-01-01

    L.A. Galin's book on contact problems is a remarkable work. Actually there are two books: the first, published in 1953 deals with contact problems in the classical theory of elasticity; this is the one that was translated into English in 1961. The second book, published in 1980, included the first, and then had new sections on contact problems for viscoelastic materials, and rough contact problems; this section has not previously been translated into English. In this new translation, the original text and the mathematical analysis have been completely revised, new material has been added, and the material appearing in the 1980 Russian translation has been completely rewritten. In addition there are three essays by students of Galin, bringing the analysis up to date.

  2. Approach to assessing local socio-cultural impacts using projections of population growth and composition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldwin, T. E.; Poetsch, R.

    1977-08-01

    All assessment of future domestic development projects assumes that the problems to be examined have been properly identified and defined before the application of a projection technique. An attempt is made to codify socio-cultural problems mentioned in literature and clarify how existing demographic projection techniques can be applied to assessing the problems. The relationship between changes in local population size and composition induced by in-migration and the potential for socio-cultural incompatibilities is described heuristically. For simplification, the problems expected to emerge from differences in demographic composition are classified into three categories: (1) service needs, such as those for housing, recreation, and education; (2) types of social organizations related to capacities for, or constraints on, reaping the benefits of rapid economic development and social changes (e.g., employment and income); and (3) attitudes, values, and cultural perspectives. These areas of concern are very broad, and quantitative projections of population size and composition are more easily related to the first than to the third. Although demographic projection provides a valuable tool for estimating future social change, the knowledge about cause and effect is not sufficient to support the quantification of socio-cultural impact. Therefore, the projections are used only as relative indicators and the assessments of socio-cultural impact based on them are qualitative only. Therefore, identification and assessment of socio-cultural impacts are a means of developing plans to overcome the expected problems.

  3. The Impact of Socio-Cultural Environment on Entrepreneurial Emergence: An Empirical Analysis of Nigeria Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoje Oghenerobaro Mamuzo Akpor-Robaro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an analytical and evaluative study of the impact of socio-cultural environment on entrepreneurial emergence. The study uses as reference case, the socio-cultural characteristics of Nigerian society and their role in the emergence of entrepreneurs in Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted and data collected through the instruments of questionnaire and personal interview. The study revealed that the Nigerian socio-cultural characteristics, in some ways, have provided impetus for entrepreneurial emergence among Nigerians, but in some other ways, have enormously hindered the emergence of entrepreneurs. This disproves the general notion that the Nigerian society absolutely does not provide opportunities for entrepreneurial emergence. The paper concludes that, in general, socio-cultural environment significantly impact on entrepreneurial emergence in society. Beyond the negative or adverse socio-economic circumstances of individuals, the culture and value system of a people is a great determinant of the desire and capacity of people becoming entrepreneurs. The paper therefore, recommends that certain traditions and values in society which have remained barriers to people particularly women becoming entrepreneurs must be dropped or modified to pave way for the emergence of entrepreneurs among men and women in Nigeria and other societies.Key words: Impact; Entrepreneurial emergence; Socio-cultural environment; Value re-engineering and re-orientation

  4. Allergic Contact Dermatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    newsletter | contact Share | Allergic Contact Dermatitis Information for adults A A A Contact dermatitis often has slightly elevated lesions with distinct borders. Overview Allergic contact dermatitis is ...

  5. Virtual World Astrosociology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bainbridge, William Sims

    2010-01-01

    This essay introduces the opportunity for theory development and even empirical research on some aspects of astrosociology through today's online virtual worlds. The examples covered present life on other planets or in space itself, in a manner that can be experienced by the user and where the user's reactions may simulate to some degree future human behavior in real extraterrestrial environments: Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, EVE Online, StarCraft and World of Warcraft. Ethnographic exploration of these computerized environments raises many questions about the social science both of space exploration and of direct contact with extraterrestrials. The views expressed in this essay do not necessarily represent the views of the National Science Foundation or the United States.

  6. Socio-Cultural Context of Drug Use with Reflections to Cannabis Use in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niksa Dubreta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Socio-cultural context of drug use is reflected as the constitutive part of interpretation of its effects and corresponding meanings, both at macro and micro-societal level of sociological analysis. In the first part of the article some more influential social-theoretical approaches to drug use are considered. Most of them consider drug use in terms of sociology of subculture and deviance. In second part, Croatian socio-cultural context is analysed, with reflections on questioning key terms that are addressed in the first part of the article. The concluding part indicates the ability for critical reflection of part of theories with regard to specificities of Croatian socio-cultural context. Furthermore, it is indicated that is necessary to overcome existing focus on the war, transition and after-war period as still dominant interpretative model in actual Croatian social research on drug use.

  7. Virtual Colonoscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and liver diseases, kidney diseases, weight control and nutrition, urologic diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases, and blood ... org Internet: www.gastro.org International Foundation for Functional ... any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1–888– ...

  8. COLONOSCOPIA VIRTUAL

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manuel, Fernández A; Hernán, Aldana V.

    Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC) esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes [...] gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software) que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colon Abstract in english Since the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of [...] the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy

  9. COLONOSCOPIA VIRTUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Fernández A

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colonSince the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy

  10. Understanding Electronic Medical Record Adoption in the United States: Communication and Sociocultural Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreps, Gary L; Polit, Stan

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper adopts a communication and sociocultural perspective to analyze the factors behind the lag in electronic medical record (EMR) adoption in the United States. Much of the extant research on this topic has emphasized economic factors, particularly, lack of economic incentives, as the primary cause of the delay in EMR adoption. This prompted the Health Information Technology on Economic and Clinical Health Act that allow financial incentives through the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services for many health care organizations planning to adopt EMR. However, financial incentives alone have not solved the problem; many new innovations do not diffuse even when offered for free. Thus, this paper underlines the need to consider communication and sociocultural factors to develop a better understanding of the impediments of EMR adoption. Objective The objective of this paper was to develop a holistic understanding of EMR adoption by identifying and analyzing the impact of communication and sociocultural factors that operate at 3 levels: macro (environmental), meso (organizational), and micro (individual). Methods We use the systems approach to focus on the 3 levels (macro, meso, and micro) and developed propositions at each level drawing on the communication and sociocultural perspectives. Results Our analysis resulted in 10 propositions that connect communication and sociocultural aspects with EMR adoption. Conclusions This paper brings perspectives from the social sciences that have largely been missing in the extant literature of health information technology (HIT) adoption. In doing so, it implies how communication and sociocultural factors may complement (and in some instances, reinforce) the impact of economic factors on HIT adoption. PMID:23612390

  11. Socio-Cultural Disparities in GDM Burden Differ by Maternal Age at First Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abouzeid, Marion; Versace, Vincent L.; Janus, Edward D.; Davey, Mary-Ann; Philpot, Benjamin; Oats, Jeremy; Dunbar, James A.

    2015-01-01

    Aims Several socio-cultural and biomedical risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are modifiable. However, few studies globally have examined socio-cultural associations. To eliminate confounding of increased risk of diabetes in subsequent pregnancies, elucidating socio-cultural associations requires examination only of first pregnancies. Methods Data for all women who delivered their first child in Victoria, Australia between 1999 and 2008 were extracted from the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection. Crude and adjusted GDM rates were calculated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine odds of GDM within and between socio-cultural groups. Results From 1999 to 2008, 269,682 women delivered their first child in Victoria. GDM complicated 11,763 (4.4%) pregnancies and burden increased with maternal age, from 2.1% among women aged below 25 years at delivery to 7.0% among those aged 35 years or more. Among younger women, GDM rates were relatively stable across socioeconomic levels. Amongst older women GDM rates were highest in those living in most deprived areas, with a strong social gradient. Asian-born mothers had highest GDM rates. All migrant groups except women born in North-West Europe had higher odds of GDM than Australian-born non-Indigenous women. In all ethnic groups, these differences were not pronounced among younger mothers, but became increasingly apparent amongst older women. Conclusions Socio-cultural disparities in GDM burden differ by maternal age at first delivery. Socio-cultural gradients were not evident among younger women. Health and social programs should seek to reduce the risk amongst all older women to that of the least deprived older mothers. PMID:25679221

  12. The sociocultural sustainability of livestock farming: an inquiry into social perceptions of dairy farming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boogaard, B K; Oosting, S J; Bock, B B; Wiskerke, J S C

    2011-08-01

    Over the past 50 years, the scale and intensity of livestock farming have increased significantly. At the same time, Western societies have become more urbanised and fewer people have close relatives involved in farming. As a result, most citizens have little knowledge or direct experience of what farming entails. In addition, more people are expressing concerns over issues such as farm animal welfare. This has led to increasing public demand for more sustainable ways of livestock farming. To date, little research has been carried out on the social pillar of sustainable livestock farming. The aim of this study is to provide insights into the sociocultural sustainability of livestock farming systems. This study reviews the key findings of earlier published interdisciplinary research about the social perceptions of dairy farming in the Netherlands and Norway (Boogaard et al., 2006, 2008, 2010a and 2010b) and synthesises the implications for sociocultural sustainability of livestock farming. This study argues that the (sociocultural) sustainable development of livestock farming is not an objective concept, but that it is socially and culturally constructed by people in specific contexts. It explains the social pillar of the economics/ecological/social model sustainability in terms of the fields of tensions that exist between modernity, traditions and naturality - 'the MTN knot' - each of which has positive and negative faces. All three angles of vision can be seen in people's attitudes to dairy farming, but the weight given to each differs between individuals and cultures. Hence, sociocultural sustainability is context dependent and needs to be evaluated according to its local meaning. Moreover, sociocultural sustainability is about people's perceptions of livestock farming. Lay people might perceive livestock farming differently and ascribe different meanings to it than experts do, but their 'reality' is just as real. Finally, this study calls for an ongoing collaboration between social and animal scientists in order to develop livestock farming systems that are more socioculturally sustainable. PMID:22440292

  13. Virtual Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavana Gupta

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available An artificial environment created with co mputer hardware and software and presented to the user in such a way that it appears and feels like a real environment. To "enter" a virtual reality, a user does special gloves, earphones, and goggles, all of which receive their input from the computer system. In this way, at least three of the five senses are controlled by the computer. In addition to feeding sensory input to the user, the devices also monitor the user's actions

  14. Critical Socio-Cultural Elements of the Intercultural Endeavour of English Teaching in Colombian Rural Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ximena Bonilla

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a study done with five English language teachers in Colombian rural areas. Questionnaires and interviews were used to see how these teachers understand their professional practice considering the contextual features of their regional workplaces. Amongst the findings, we noticed that these teachers have to mediate between local and global tensions and also deal with socio-cultural matches and mismatches in their labours. It is hoped this work raises awareness of critical socio-cultural factors involved in the teaching of English in rural settings and of the complexity of its intercultural dimension.

  15. Scientific Assessments of Bystrinski Evens Socio-cultural Development in 1990-2000s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Igorevna Kirillova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes different trends of Far Eastern national minorities socio-cultural development and the process’ assessments by Russian scientists. Also modern historical exploration methods used in Russia and foreign countries are described. Author uses monographs on methodological approaches and ethnology, field materials to reveal convergence and divergence trends of ethnical societies’ development on the sample of traditional Bystrinski Even culture development in 1990-2000s. Special attention is given to the studies and methods of investigation of modern socio-cultural development in national districts.

  16. The Influence of Socio-Cultural Background and Product Value in Usability Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Sonderegger, Andreas; Sauer, Juergen

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the influence of socio-cultural background and product value on different outcomes of usability tests. A study was conducted in two different socio-cultural regions, Switzerland and East Germany, which differed in a number of aspects (e.g. economic power, price sensitivity and culture). Product value (high vs. low) was varied by manipulating the price of the product. Sixty-four test participants were asked to carry out five typical user tasks in the context of coffee mac...

  17. Individual classroom experiences: a sociocultural comparison for understanding efl classroom language learning Individual classroom experiences: a sociocultural comparison for understanding efl classroom language learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Miccoli

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho compara as experiências de sala de aula (ESA de duas universitárias na aprendizagem de língua inglesa. As ESA emergiram de entrevistas individuais, onde vídeos das aulas promoveram a reflexão. A análise revelou que experiências de natureza cognitiva, social ou afetiva influem diretamente no processo de aprendizagem e as que se referem ao contexto, à história, crenças e metas dos alunos influem indiretamente no mesmo. A singularidade de algumas experiências levou à sua categorização como ESA individuais (ESAI. Ao comparar as ESAI de duas informantes, a importância da análise sociocultural do processo de aprendizagem de sala de aula fica evidente. Concluiremos com uma defesa do valor da teoria sociocultural no estudo da aprendizagem de língua estrangeira em sala de aula e com a apresentação das implicações deste estudo para pesquisadores e professores. This paper compares the classroom experiences (CEs of two university students in their process of learning English as a foreign language (EFL. The CEs emerged from individual interviews, where classroom videos promoted reflection. The analysis revealed that cognitive, social and affective experiences directly influence the learning process and that those which refer to setting, learner’s personal background, beliefs and goal influence the learning process indirectly. The analysis also revealed the singularity of some of these CEs that led to their categorization as individual CEs (ICEs. When comparing the ICEs of the two participants, the importance of a sociocultural analysis of the classroom learning process becomes evident. We conclude with an analysis of the value of sociocultural theory in the study of classroom EFL learning and with the implications of this study for teachers and researchers.

  18. Virtual World Security Inspection

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas Charles Patterson; Michael Hobbs

    2012-01-01

    Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many lega...

  19. Virtual Wireless Network Urbanization

    OpenAIRE

    Othmen, Braham; Pujolle, Guy

    2011-01-01

    Adapting virtualization concepts to satisfy many of today's network telecommunication challenges receives more and more attention. We have developed virtual environment design to allow the coexistence of virtual networks and their respective operators. In our approach, virtualized wireless access equipment are deployed to provide users more flexibility to access their services delivered by the allocated virtual networks. In this paper, we describe how we improved virtual network urbanization ...

  20. Organizational Culture and Socio-Cultural Values: Perceptions of Managers and Employees in Five Economies in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cseh, Maria; Ardichvili, Alexandre; Gasparishvili, Alexander; Krisztian, Bela; Nemeskeri, Zsolt

    2004-01-01

    This survey-based study compared socio-cultural values and perceptions of organizational culture characteristics held by more than 3,300 managers and employees in twelve business organizations in Hungary, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. Significant differences were found between the five countries on all socio-cultural and…

  1. Race-Related Stress and Sociocultural Orientation Among Latino Students During their Transition into a Predominately White, Highly Selective Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, J. Derek

    2005-01-01

    This longitudinal study examines minority status stress and socio-cultural orientation among Latino freshmen as they enter a predominately White, elite, private institution. The study finds Latino freshmen report experiencing racism. Students respond to racism by developing an alienated sociocultural orientation and beginning to see their Latino…

  2. The Effects of the Sociocultural Context on Heritage Language Literacy: Japanese-English Bilingual Children in Sydney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oriyama, Kaya

    2011-01-01

    What factors support linguistic minority children in developing and maintaining literacy in their heritage languages (HLs)? Very few quantitative studies have explored the role of sociocultural factors, especially in the development and maintenance of HL literacy. This paper addresses this gap by examining how the sociocultural context affects…

  3. Microsoft Virtualization Master Microsoft Server, Desktop, Application, and Presentation Virtualization

    CERN Document Server

    Olzak, Thomas; Boomer, Jason; Keefer, Robert M

    2010-01-01

    Microsoft Virtualization helps you understand and implement the latest virtualization strategies available with Microsoft products. This book focuses on: Server Virtualization, Desktop Virtualization, Application Virtualization, and Presentation Virtualization. Whether you are managing Hyper-V, implementing desktop virtualization, or even migrating virtual machines, this book is packed with coverage on all aspects of these processes. Written by a talented team of Microsoft MVPs, Microsoft Virtualization is the leading resource for a full installation, migration, or integration of virtual syste

  4. Incorporation of Socio-Cultural Values in Damage Assessment Valuations of Contaminated Lands in the Niger Delta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor A. Akujuru

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Damages on contaminated land have been mostly assessed for developments subsisting on the land, neglecting the goods and services derived from the land which possess only socio-cultural values. This paper aims to ascertain the importance of socio-cultural values in the total economic value of contaminated land, drawing from the experience of a coastal community oil spillage in the Niger Delta. The paper examines what constitutes a valuable interest on contaminated land and how socio-cultural factors are valued in the damage assessment process. After reviewing the literature and decided cases, a questionnaire survey was conducted and a sample valuation report was analysed. It is concluded that there exists a socio-cultural interest on contaminated land which professional valuers do not reflect in damage assessment claims. It is recommended that any comprehensive damage assessment requires the incorporation of socio-cultural values in the valuations.

  5. Contexto sociocultural y alimentario de mujeres con embarazos de riesgo / The socio-cultural and eating aspects of women experiencing risk pregnancies

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Reyna Sámano, Sámano; Estela Godinez, Martínez; Irma Romero, Pérez; Georgina Sánchez, Miranda; José Manuel Espíndola, Polis; Mayra Lilia Chávez, Courtois.

    1419-14-01

    Full Text Available Para favorecer una alimentación correcta la orientación alimentaria debe considerar factores socioculturales que condicionen patrones y preferencias del consumo de alimentos propios de cada población. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el contexto sociocultural del embarazo y su aliment [...] ación en el ámbito doméstico, mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 6 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo bajo la técnica de saturación de la información. Las entrevistas se transcribieron y analizaron de acuerdo a Bardín con ayuda del programa Atlas TI. Se identificó: incertidumbre por el embarazo no planeado y poco apoyo de la pareja; ciertos cambios en la alimentación para mejorar la salud; percepción de una mala y buena alimentación, aunque ésta no cumplía con las características de una dieta correcta; omisión de la cena y del grupo de verduras y frutas. Las encargadas de preparar y servir los alimentos no siempre fueron las mujeres embarazadas; los alimentos percibidos peligrosos fueron consumidos y los benéficos presentaron consumo escaso. Resaltó la necesidad de capacitar a los profesionales de la salud para considerar al contexto sociocultural en la orientación alimentaria que proporcionen. Abstract in english To promote a healthy diet, the dietary guidance should consider socio-cultural factors as they influence both the food standards and preferences of each population. The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural contexts of pregnancy and feeding in the domestic arena, using a qualitative a [...] pproach. In-depth interviews were conducted using the data saturation technique with six women experiencing high-risk pregnancy. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin method and the IT Atlas program. The following aspects were identified: uncertainty due to unplanned pregnancy and limited partner support; a few dietary changes to improve health; perception of bad and good feeding habits, although it did not comply with the characteristics of a good diet; omission of fruit and vegetable group from dinner. The people in charge of preparing and serving food were not always the pregnant woman; food products perceived as being harmful were consumed and beneficial products were rarely consumed. This highlighted the need to train professionals to consider the socio-cultural context when providing dietary guidance.

  6. Types of Contact Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ortho-K) Decorative (Plano) Contact Lenses Soft Contact Lenses Soft contact lenses are made of soft, flexible plastics that ... Association [ back to top ] Specialized Uses of Contact lenses Conventional contact lenses correct vision in the same way that ...

  7. The Influence of Global Warming Science Views and Sociocultural Factors on Willingness to Mitigate Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Benjamin C.

    2015-01-01

    The science education field readily recognizes that perceptions about science's claims and nature influence socioscientific decision making. However, sociocultural factors may overshadow these perceptions when people are forced to make personally impacting choices contextualized within actual socioscientific issues. This investigation…

  8. Socio-Cultural Factors Associated with the Initiation of Opium Use in Darab, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, Siavash; Movaghar, Afarin Rahimi; Craib, Kevin; Baharlou, Souzan; Mathias, Richard

    2009-01-01

    This study aimed to identify socio-cultural factors facilitating initiation of opium use among drug users in Darab, Iran. A qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted. The study began in June 2006 and included 76 drug users, aged 20-43, of whom 95% (72) were male, and 5% (4) were female. The five most common factors facilitating…

  9. "My Home and My School": Examining Immigrant Adolescent Narratives from the Critical Sociocultural Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun

    2010-01-01

    Privileging the voices of 12 recent Chinese immigrant adolescents, this multiple-case narrative study examined their home and school experiences from the critical sociocultural perspective. The adolescent stories about home testified to the significant influence of immigrant poverty, parental sacrificial altruism, and disciplinary Chinese…

  10. Sociocultural and Individual Influences on Muscle Gain and Weight Loss Strategies among Adolescent Boys and Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricciardelli, Lina A.; McCabe, Marita P.

    2003-01-01

    The study examined the role of body dissatisfaction, body image importance, sociocultural influences (media and parent and peer encouragement), self-esteem and negative affect on body change strategies to decrease weight and increase muscles in adolescent boys and girls. Surveys were administered to 587 boys and 598 girls aged between 11 and 15…

  11. Internalization of the Sociocultural Ideal: Weight-Related Attitudes and Dieting Behaviors among Young Adolescent Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Nancy E.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

    2001-01-01

    Surveyed adolescent girls regarding body dissatisfaction, dieting, and internalization of sociocultural values, media-influenced knowledge, acceptance of varied body shapes, and media exposure. Girls understood media influence on self-image and behavior and accepted varied body shapes. Significant numbers reported dissatisfaction with weight and…

  12. Body Image and Self-Esteem among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga

    2005-01-01

    In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin…

  13. Socio-Cultural Variation in Reading Comprehension Development among Fifth Graders in Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Silvia Morales; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the socio-cultural variation in reading comprehension development was examined in 331 fifth graders from schools in Lima, Peru. Reading comprehension was measured using an adaptation of the PIRLS Reading Literacy test. The fifth graders' reading comprehension results, measured over the course of fifth grade, were related to the…

  14. Political and Socio-Cultural Factors in Foreign Language Education: The Case of Lebanon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diab, Rula

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines the importance of political and sociocultural factors in foreign language education, focusing on English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learning in Lebanon. It begins with a historical review of foreign language education in Lebanon, then discusses the current role and status of English in the Lebanese context, which reveals…

  15. Czech národopisci and socio-cultural anthropologists in a changing environment.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zden?k

    1. Halle /Saale : Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2007 - (Mann, B.), s. 41-48 - (Working Papers. 90) Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : socio-cultural anthropology * Czech Republic * East European Anthropology * Czech ethnography Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  16. A Socio-Cultural Perspective on Children's Early Language: A Family Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja-Peklaj, Urška; Socan, Gregor; Tašner, Veronika

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the effect of certain socio-cultural factors of the family environment on the language of toddlers and children in early childhood. The sample included 86 families with one- to six-year-old children. The data on the social, economic, and cultural factors of the family environment, parental reading literacy, parental knowledge…

  17. Bringing Technology to Students' Proximity: A Sociocultural Account of Technology-Based Learning Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukama, Evode

    2014-01-01

    This paper depicts a study carried out in Rwanda concerning university students who participated in a contest to produce short documentary films. The purpose of this research is to conceptualize these kinds of technology-based learning projects (TBLPs) through a sociocultural perspective. The methodology included focus group discussions and field…

  18. Complexity and Sociocultural Urbanization of Spare Time in Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City

    OpenAIRE

    José Antonio García Ayala

    2014-01-01

    This article derives from my thesis research project “Fragmentation and sociocultural urbanization of spare time. High-significance places in Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City”. Its purpose is to concisely present those considerations that allowed integrating transdisciplinary epistemological and methodological frameworks. An analytical method was designed to integrate epistemological considerations for cultural and deep hermeneutics analysis, and the principles of complex thinking and comple...

  19. A Sociocultural View of Language Learning: The Importance of Meaning-Based Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eun, Barohny; Lim, Hye-Soon

    2009-01-01

    The process of second-language teaching is grounded in the sociocultural theory of Vygotsky, which emphasizes meaningful interaction among individuals as the greatest motivating force in human development and learning. In this theoretical framework, the concepts of meaning and mediation are considered as the two essential elements affecting an…

  20. Clinical Diagnostic and Sociocultural Dimensions of Deliberate Self-Harm in Mumbai, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkar, Shubhangi R.; Dawani, Varsha; Weiss, Mitchell G.

    2006-01-01

    Patients' accounts complement psychiatric assessment of deliberate self-harm (DSH). In this study we examined psychiatric disorders, and sociocultural and cross-cultural features of DSH. SCID diagnostic interviews and a locally adapted EMIC interview were used to study 196 patients after DSH at a general hospital in Mumbai, India. Major depression…

  1. Backing the Right Horse: Teacher Education, Sociocultural Analysis and Literacy in Rural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbett, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a reflection on the way that a background in sociocultural theory and research actually saved my teaching career by allowing me to shift from being a dispenser of knowledge to a cultural neophyte attempting to understand where he is. Teaching then is understood as a reading exercise which is undertaken in a particular place which…

  2. Lo Sociocultural en la Optica de la Producción Científica y Tecnológica Regional: Una Lectura Crítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Samaniego

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Las reflexiones que en el presente texto se elaboran son resultado de un proceso de investigación que busca develar la interacción existente entre ciencia, tecnología y sociedad en el escenario sociocultural de la IXRegión de la Araucania, Chile. El análisis de la imagen y el tipo de relación que las producciones cientrjiicas establecen con la realidad sociocultural regional marcan los objetivos del estudio. Algunos insumos de orden cuantitativo que consideramos, ilustrativos en relación a la lógica e intencionalidad de los proyectos de investigación e innovación tecnológica ejecutados, sirven de base para indagar en tomo a cómo se configura lo sociocultural desde la racionalidad científica. El estudio se ha centrado en los proyectos FONDECYT Y FONDEF desde 1994 (existen otros "actores" que se abocan aldesarrollo científico en la región, ya que éstos representan la mayor producción y más legitima desde el discurso de la ciencia normal como ciencia oficial a nivel de desarrollo científico e innovación tecnológica. Las interpretaciones construidas tienen como referente teórico principal los Estudios Sociales de Ciencia y Tecnologia, apoyándose igualmente en consideraciones provenientes de la Filosofía de la Ciencia y el Análisis Sociocultural.

  3. South African Distance Students' Accounts of Learning in Socio-Cultural Context: A Habitus Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makoe, Mpine Qakisa

    2006-01-01

    This study provides a framework for studying socio-cultural issues that impact on how knowledge, ideas and values are transmitted and developed. Since racial domination in South Africa was produced through power relations, it is important to investigate discourses through which black South African distance education learners make meaning of their…

  4. The Perceived Effect of the Sociocultural Context on HIV/AIDS Identity Incorporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, Lisa M.

    2012-01-01

    Contexts influence the experience of disease. In this study, I examined how the sociocultural context (e.g., race, class, gender, and sexual orientation) affected the experience of living with HIV/AIDS and the incorporation of the HIV/AIDS identity into the self. I interviewed 36 individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Findings indicate that race,…

  5. "Cooking Lunch, That's Swiss": Constructing Hybrid Identities Based on Socio-Cultural Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Kellie

    2013-01-01

    This study looks at the discursive construction and negotiation of hybrid identities within binational couples. I analyze conversations produced by Anglophones married to German-speaking Swiss residing in central Switzerland. I employ Bucholtz & Hall's sociocultural linguistic model (2004, 2005, 2010), which views identity as emergent in…

  6. Meaning and Identities: A Visual Performative Pedagogy for Socio-Cultural Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grushka, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    In this article I present personalised socio-cultural inquiry in visual art education as a critical and expressive material praxis. The model of "Visual Performative Pedagogy and Communicative Proficiency for the Visual Art Classroom" is presented as a legitimate means of manipulating visual codes, communicating meaning and mediating values…

  7. Ten years of the Spanish Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solano, E.

    2015-05-01

    The main objective of the Virtual Observatory (VO) is to guarantee an easy and efficient access and analysis of the information hosted in astronomical archives. The Spanish Virtual Observatory (SVO) is a project that was born in 2004 with the goal of promoting and coordinating the VO-related activities at national level. SVO is also the national contact point for the international VO initiatives, in particular the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) and the Euro-VO project. The project, led by Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), is structured around four major topics: a) VO compliance of astronomical archives, b) VO-science, c) VO- and data mining-tools, and d) Education and outreach. In this paper I will describe the most important results obtained by the Spanish Virtual Observatory in its first ten years of life as well as the future lines of work.

  8. Virtual Class Management

    OpenAIRE

    Drashti Shrimal; Shraddha Singh; Deepika Rajendra Jain

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of advantages, universities and other organizations are resorting to e-learning to provide instruction on-line. This paper concept of e-learning and virtual classroom. Also it discusses various existing e-learning projects like HP virtual Classroom, IBM Lotus Virtual Classroom and Elluminate Live virtual Classroom. Further it states the features proposed in our project

  9. Broadening the examination of sociocultural constructs relevant to African-American colorectal cancer screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, V L Sanders; Harris, J; Clark, E M; Purnell, J; Deshpande, A D

    2015-01-01

    The importance of sociocultural constructs as influences on cancer attitudes and screening has been established in the literature. This paper reports on the efforts to explore alternatives to sociocultural constructs previously associated with African-American cancer screening, but with low acceptance among community members or incomplete measurement (empowerment and collectivism) and develop a measure for a recently identified construct of interest (privacy). We report preliminary psychometric data on these sociocultural scales and their associations with cancer attitudes. African-Americans (N?=?1021), 50-75?years of age participated in this study. Participants were identified via a listed sample and completed a telephone survey administered via call center. Sociocultural attitudes were assessed using items identified through computerized database searches, reviewed by advisory panels, edited and tested using cognitive response strategies. Cancer screening pros and cons, cancer worry, perceived cancer risk, colorectal cancer (CRC) screening subjective norms, and perceived self-efficacy for colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) were also assessed. Confirmatory factor analyses and multivariate analyses were conducted to provide support for the validity of the constructs and to understand the associations among the selected sociocultural constructs (empowerment, collectivism, and privacy) and cancer beliefs and attitudes (CRC perceived benefits and barriers, perceived risks, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control/self-efficacy). Consistent with the literature, the factor analytic model (RMSEA for the model was .062; 90% CI: .060-.065) provided support for the empowerment, collectivism, and privacy constructs. The modified collectivism and privacy scales had acceptable reliability. The privacy scale demonstrated the strongest associations with measures of cancer beliefs and attitudes. The implication of the findings and need for further scale development activities is discussed. PMID:24628025

  10. Virtual button interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, J.S.

    1999-01-12

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

  11. Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: gender and age differences / Insatisfacción corporal y presión sociocultural percibida: diferencias asociadas al sexo y a la edad

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Igor, Esnaola; Arantzazu, Rodríguez; Alfredo, Goñi.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas [...] en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a) conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b) una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c) mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d) una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1) La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2) las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3) las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida) son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4) el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC), de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén. Los resultados obtenidos proporcionan una visión más completa que la hasta ahora disponible acerca de las relaciones entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida en las distintas etapas de

  12. Multimodality and Design of Interactive Virtual Environments for Creative Collaboration : A Social Semiotic Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates

    Developments in digital interaction technologies provide new interdisciplinary fields for creative work at the intersection of design, art and technology. These technologies also present new possibilities to integrate physical spaces with interactive layers of digital information for multi-user interaction, customization and interdisciplinary collaboration. These spaces accommodate new forms of spatial and social practices, provide multimodal communication resources in physical and virtual environments, and allow individuals (or groups) to actively engage with collaborative creative experiences. The three-dimensional representation of space and the resources for non-verbal communication enable the users to interact with the digital content in more complex yet engaging ways. However, understanding the communicative resources in virtual spaces with the theoretical tools that are conventionally used to describe physical spaces become problematic, especially when we consider the affordances and constraints for mediating spatial practices with digital tools. This article proposes a multimodal social semiotic approach to the design of interactive virtual environments and virtually augmented physical spaces as new forms of technologically mediated collaborative spaces. It presents the findings of multiple case studies conducted by different 3D virtual environment technologies and interaction contexts, including screen-based virtual worlds and virtually- augmented physical spaces. The multimodal analytical perspective particularly emphasizes the role of audio-visual resources in co-creating representations for effective collaboration, and the socio-cultural factors in construction of meaningful virtual environments.

  13. La afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural: el caso de Chile / Elective Affinity between Cultural Consumption and Socio-Cultural Perception: The Case in Chile

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    TOMÁS, PETERS NÚÑEZ.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo demuestra la afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta de participación y consumo cultural 2009, de Chile, se muestra evidencia estadística de que el consumo cultural mantiene una ainidad electiva con las valoracion [...] es democráticas, políticas, sociales y ciudadanas de los consumidores. Esta tendencia también es observable entre las personas que pertenecen a segmentos de la población con bajos ingresos económicos, pero que realizan un alto consumo cultural. Con base en las actuales discusiones sobre el estudio del consumo cultural, el artículo desarrolla una reflexin teórica sobre el concepto de consumo cultural y su interrelación con otras dimensiones sociales y políticas. Se discuten los usos del concepto en los estudios sobre consumo cultural en América Latina y se propone una definición que considere las valoraciones que los sujetos hacen sobre los procesos socioculturales que vivencian. Abstract in english This article demonstrates the elective affinity between cultural consumption and socio-cultural perception. Based on the data gathered by the Encuesta de participación y consumo culturóal 2009 ("2009 cultural participation and consumption poll"), in Chile, we came out with statistical evidence that [...] proves that cultural consumption holds an elective afinity with the democratic, political, and social assessments of the consumers of cultural goods and services. This trend can also be observed among people who make part of the low income segments of the population, but that in fact consume high doses of culture. Thus, starting with the current discussions around the studies of cultural consumption, the article develops a theoretical reflection on the concept of cultural consumption and its interrelations with other social and political dimensions. We discuss the uses to which the concept is subjected to in cultural consumption studies in Latin America and we propose a deinition that takes in consideration the assessments that people make of the socio-cultural processes that they experience.

  14. Idoneidad didáctica de un protocolo sociocultural de enseñanza y aprendizaje de las matemáticas / Didactical suitability of a sociocultural mathematics teaching and learning protocol

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Àngel, Alsina; Marta, Domingo.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo avalia-se a adequação de um protocolo para o ensino do conceito de poliedro regular, para alunos entre 14 e 15 anos. Este protocolo foi concebido a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e a sua avaliação assenta na aplicação de critérios de adequação didática segundo o enfoque ontosem [...] iótico. A adequação é estudada por uma revisão das suas várias dimensões: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional e ecológica. A análise permitiu detectar alguns fatores que favorecem a validade do protocolo e a adequação para a sua utilização em sala de aula, como o tipo de discurso, o uso de material manipulável ou o trabalho cooperativo. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se evalúa la adecuación de un protocolo para la enseñanza del concepto de poliedro regular, destinado a alumnos de 14 y 15 años. Este protocolo se ha diseñado desde una perspectiva sociocultural y su evaluación se basa en la aplicación de los criterios de idoneidad didáctica que ofre [...] ce el enfoque ontosemiótico. La idoneidad se estudia con la revisión de sus diferentes dimensiones: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional y ecológica. El análisis ha permitido detectar algunos factores que favorecen la validez del protocolo y la adecuación para su empleo en el aula, como el tipo de discurso, el uso de material manipulable o el trabajo cooperativo. Abstract in english This study evaluates the suitability of a protocol for teaching the concept of regular polyhedra to students of 14 and 15 years of age. The protocol has been designed from a sociocultural angle and its evaluation is based on the application of didactical suitability criteria which offers an ontosemi [...] otic approach. Suitability is studied by looking at its different dimensions: mathematical, cognitive, interactional, mediational, emotional and ecological. The analysis has enabled some factors to be identified which support the validity of the protocol and its suitability for use in the classroom, namely, the type of discourse, use of manipulable materials and cooperative work.

  15. Complex Contact Threefolds and Their Contact Curves

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Yun-Gang

    1992-01-01

    A complex contact threefold is a threefold with a two-dimensional non-integrable holomorphic distribution. A contact curve on a contact threefold is an integrable curve of the distribution. This work was inspired by two papers of Bryant, in which he used complex contact geometry to study superminimal surfaces in four-sphere and to investigate exotic holonomies. The present paper is devoted to systematical studies of contact threefold and contact curves on them. We generalize...

  16. La adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural en alumnos búlgaros del español como lengua extranjera / Sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of Bulgarian students of Spanish as a foreign language

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dimitrinka, Níkleva.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Dedicamos este estudio a la adecuación como un componente de la competencia sociolingüística, sociocultural e intercultural en español como lengua extranjera. Para ello, realizamos un tipo de investigación estadística cuantitativa con el programa SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions), [...] en la que aplicamos el análisis descriptivo y el inferencial. El instrumento del estudio es un cuestionario y los participantes son 59 alumnos de origen búlgaro que estudian el español como lengua extranjera en situación de no inmersión. Los niveles de español de los participantes son B1, C1 y C2. Los objetivos de la investigación se han centrado en analizar algunos aspectos de la adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural de los alumnos, además de la relación entre la adecuación y el grado de formación (nivel de estudios del español). Nos interesa también observar en qué grado y en qué niveles los alumnos tienden a trasladar a la lengua y la cultura meta pautas de conducta de su propia cultura. Pretendemos fomentar la concienciación sobre la importancia de la adecuación intercultural, pues partimos del supuesto de que se debe enseñar la cultura de una lengua de manera progresiva en todos los niveles, planificando los objetivos y los contenidos y aumentando el grado de dificultad en función del nivel de competencia lingüística y sin perjudicar al resto de las competencias. Abstract in english This paper approaches the issue of adequacy as a component of sociolinguistic, sociocultural and intercultural competence in the learning of Spanish as a foreign language. To accomplish this aim, we carry out a quantitative statistical type of research with the software SPSS 17 (Statistical Product [...] and Service Solutions), in which we apply a descriptive and inferential analysis. The instrument used is a questionnaire and the participants are 59 Bulgarian students who study Spanish as a foreign language in a non-immersion context. The levels of the participants are B1, C1 and C2. It is our purpose to analyse some aspects concerning the sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of students, amongst them the relation between adequacy and level of Spanish of the participants. Likewise, we pay attention to the degree in which the students tend to transfer to the target language and culture patterns pertaining to their own culture. We seek to raise awareness about the importance of intercultural adequacy, because we believe that culture of a foreign language must be taught progressively in all levels. Objectives and contents need to be planned carefully, and the degree of complexity must increase according to the linguistic competence of students, without letting aside other competences.

  17. CORTESÍA SOCIOCULTURAL EN LAS SOCIEDADES MEDELLINENSE Y JAPONESA: UNA INTRODUCCIÓN / SOCIO-CULTURAL POLITENESS IN MEDELLÍN AND JAPANESE SOCIETIES: AN INTRODUCTION

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ji Son, Jang.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un análisis intercultural de la sociedad medellinense y la japonesa, teniendo en cuenta la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, con el fin de que sirva de apoyo para los aprendices de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera. Como punto de parti [...] da, se acude a nociones como pragmática en interlengua, transferencia pragmática y el modelo de la cortesía verbal de Brown y Levinson (1987), junto con las nociones de face flattering acts (FFAs), cortesía mitigadora, cortesía valorizante, imagen de autonomía y afiliación, y los contenidos concretos de estas últimas dos categorías. El corpus del estudio se basa en algunos episodios recogidos en Medellín y en Japón. El análisis se centra en algunos actos de habla, especialmente en las relaciones interpersonales no solidarias. En este tipo de relaciones, en la sociedad medellinense se prefiere salvar la imagen positiva, y en la japonesa, la imagen negativa. Es importante señalar explícitamente la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, no sólo a los aprendices avanzados de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera, sino también a los principiantes. Abstract in english This paper presents an intercultural analysis between the Medellin and the Japanese society, taking into account the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another, to serve as support for second language learners or foreign language. As a starting point, there are notions [...] of interlanguage pragmatics, pragmatic transfer and the model of politeness of Brown and Levinson (1987) with its alternatives. The corpus of the study is based on some episodes collected in Medellin and in Japan. The analysis focuses on some speech acts, especially in non-solidarity interpersonal relationships. In such relationships, in Medellin society is preferred to save the positive face and in the Japanese, the negative face. It is important to teach the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another explicitly not only to advanced learners of a second or foreign language, but beginners.

  18. La adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural en alumnos búlgaros del español como lengua extranjera Sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of Bulgarian students of Spanish as a foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrinka Níkleva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Dedicamos este estudio a la adecuación como un componente de la competencia sociolingüística, sociocultural e intercultural en español como lengua extranjera. Para ello, realizamos un tipo de investigación estadística cuantitativa con el programa SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions, en la que aplicamos el análisis descriptivo y el inferencial. El instrumento del estudio es un cuestionario y los participantes son 59 alumnos de origen búlgaro que estudian el español como lengua extranjera en situación de no inmersión. Los niveles de español de los participantes son B1, C1 y C2. Los objetivos de la investigación se han centrado en analizar algunos aspectos de la adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural de los alumnos, además de la relación entre la adecuación y el grado de formación (nivel de estudios del español. Nos interesa también observar en qué grado y en qué niveles los alumnos tienden a trasladar a la lengua y la cultura meta pautas de conducta de su propia cultura. Pretendemos fomentar la concienciación sobre la importancia de la adecuación intercultural, pues partimos del supuesto de que se debe enseñar la cultura de una lengua de manera progresiva en todos los niveles, planificando los objetivos y los contenidos y aumentando el grado de dificultad en función del nivel de competencia lingüística y sin perjudicar al resto de las competencias.This paper approaches the issue of adequacy as a component of sociolinguistic, sociocultural and intercultural competence in the learning of Spanish as a foreign language. To accomplish this aim, we carry out a quantitative statistical type of research with the software SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions, in which we apply a descriptive and inferential analysis. The instrument used is a questionnaire and the participants are 59 Bulgarian students who study Spanish as a foreign language in a non-immersion context. The levels of the participants are B1, C1 and C2. It is our purpose to analyse some aspects concerning the sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of students, amongst them the relation between adequacy and level of Spanish of the participants. Likewise, we pay attention to the degree in which the students tend to transfer to the target language and culture patterns pertaining to their own culture. We seek to raise awareness about the importance of intercultural adequacy, because we believe that culture of a foreign language must be taught progressively in all levels. Objectives and contents need to be planned carefully, and the degree of complexity must increase according to the linguistic competence of students, without letting aside other competences.

  19. Interacting with a virtual tool on a real object

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin, Bayart; Jean-Yves, Didier; Abderrahmane, Kheddar

    2008-06-01

    This paper presents an application enabling the interaction on a real object with a virtual tool. In order to interact within the real world, a real haptic probe is used to interact with the real object so that the user feel the interaction. Furthermore, through the use of a visual diminished reality process and a camera placed on the real scene, the real tool is visually replaced by the virtual one. Since, the real and virtual probes do not match necessarily, a model of the virtual tool is used to modify the haptic feedback, while visually, the virtual tool is modified relatively to the real forces measured. Eventually, proposing a mixed painting application, the painting, applied on the real object, i.e. when the user comes in contact with this latter, is visually displayed such that its form is computed from the virtual tool geometry while its size and intensity from the the real measured forces.

  20. Intergrating health research with socio-cultural systems in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mungai, J M

    1998-01-01

    The rapid spread of AIDS in Africa has brought into focus the need to integrate medical science with socio-cultural beliefs and practices. The scientific knowledge on HIV, immune systems and drugs is well established. However, the drugs which are in use in the developed countries are too expensive for the great majority of the persons with HIV/AIDS in Africa. On the other hand, Africa is rich in socio-cultural traditions which have served their respective communities well. However, because of poverty and ignorance, many of the socio-cultural systems are helping in HIV/AIDS to spread increasingly fast. This therefore means that the most important weapon that Africa has for fighting HIV/AIDS is education through our socio-cultural systems. In this connection, for example, it is necessary to make the people understand that malnutrition will help the HIV to destroy the immune systems faster than it would do in a well-nourished person. This means therefore that the people need to be educated on the types of foods they must eat in order to get the necessary vitamins, proteins and calories. This is turn has implications on agricultural practices. It is also vital to make the people understand that other diseases do help HIV in suppressing immunity and that they should seek medical help as soon as they feel unwell. HIV/AIDS is a very expensive public health crisis. Families and health services are finding it difficult to meet all the needs of persons with AIDS. It is because of this that the rich African tradition of mutual social responsibility can play a major role in ameliorating the suffering and sharing the responsibility. A very major component of mutual social responsibility is co-operation and co-operative education among members of the community. Since the young persons constitute the most affected population , an educational system based on socio-cultural tradition of mutual social responsibility will help the young persons to acquire socially acceptable values and ethics which they need for survival. What has been said about HIV/AIDS is applicable to all health problems such as malaria and mother to child health (MCM). Health research and publications are important in making health policies precise and relevant. The application of those precise policies in solving health problems in Africa will in turn be more cost-effective and cost-beneficial if they are integrated with the socio-cultural systems. PMID:17581005

  1. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... colored contact lenses without a prescription in the United States. All contact lenses are medical devices that require ... unapproved lenses and websites selling them in the United States. Colored Contact Lenses Colored Contacts Facts How Non- ...

  2. Buying Contact Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Consumer Devices Consumer Products Contact Lenses Buying Contact Lenses Contact lens sales are regulated by both the FDA ... Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Before you buy any contact lenses from someone other than your eye care ...

  3. Contact Lens Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health and Consumer Devices Consumer Products Contact Lenses Contact Lens Risks Wearing contact lenses puts you at ... redness blurred vision swelling pain Serious Hazards of Contact Lenses Symptoms of eye irritation can indicate a ...

  4. Nivel de escritura en alumnos de primer grado, de estrato sociocultural bajo / How first grade students proceeding from low sociocultural level write

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yolanda, Guevara Benítez; Alfredo, López Hernández; Gustavo, García Vargas; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo García.

    Full Text Available El presente reporte da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y el nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de escritura los alumnos de primer grado de primaria, pertenecientes a escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluó a 165 alumnos a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004- [...] 2005. Se caracterizan las habilidades de copia, dictado, composición y comprensión que los alumnos logran en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal y se relacionan con los niveles preacadémicos y lingüísticos mostrados por ellos al iniciar el curso. Se discuten los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, tomando en cuenta los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the development process and the efficiency level at writing skills attained by first grade students, enrolled in Mexican public schools from a low socio cultural status. Throughout the scholar term 2004-2005, 165 students were assessed. The copy, dictation, composition and compre [...] hension skills attained by the students at different moments of their first formal education cycle were characterized and related with the pre academic and linguistic levels shown at the beginning of the cycle. Results are discussed and some proposals are made to foster the development of literacy within children from a low socio cultural status regarding the expositions from the educational psychology and the related research.

  5. La solución de problemas cognitivos: Una reflexión cognitiva sociocultural / The Solution of Cognitive Problems: A Cognitive and Socio-Cultural Reflection

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosalía, Montealegre.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al aborda [...] r: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo): los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos) de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales. Abstract in english This work was done based on the Historial-Cultural Psychology perspective. It emphasizes the Problem Solving as a High Psychological Function linked with other psychological functions such us: language, thinking, reasoning etc.. It presents a sociocultural reflection on Cognitive Problem Solving whe [...] n approaching: 1. The productive thinking (creative): the research methods and the instruments (tools, artefacts) of mediation; 2. The cognitive science: the information process system, the distributed cognition and the mental actions formation; 3. The sociocognitive conflict: the social interactions, the structuring conflict, the sociocognitive regulation and the zone of proximal development. It concludes with the need of forming the problem solving by: developing the productive thinking, the cognitive strategies, and the analysis of concepts and social facts.

  6. Sociocultural change and health status among the Seri Indians of Sonora, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villela, G J; Palinkas, L A

    2000-10-01

    The influence of changes in sociocultural status on obesity, arterial blood pressure, and depression was examined in a cohort of 81 Seri Indians living in two communities in Sonora, Mexico. Residents of the less acculturated and modernized community, Desemboque, exhibited significantly higher waist circumference and prevalence of obesity than did residents of the more acculturated and modernized community of Punta Chueca. The prevalence of obesity was also significantly associated with low levels of acculturation and modernization, while the prevalence of clinically significant depressive symptoms was associated with low levels of modernization and household income. Lifestyle incongruity was a significant independent risk factor for body mass index and depressive symptom scores but not for arterial blood pressure. The results support the notion of a curvilinear relationship between health status and sociocultural change in which health status initially declines with increasing lifestyle incongruity but eventually improves with increasing acculturation, modernization, and income. PMID:11307570

  7. Ramadan Fasting and Competitive Sports: Psychological Adaptation within Socio-cultural Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolly Roy

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the influence of socio-cultural practices of Ramadan fasting in competitive sports and adaptation pathway of the athletes. The study describes how the socio-cultural context acts as the social “panopticon” and explains the adaptation pathways among Muslim archers. Foucauldian concept explains individual actions and behaviors within social and cultural settings, and adaptation pathways during Ramadan fasting. Eleven elite Malaysian Muslim archers participated in an open ended interview to identify individual experiences of competing in high level sports while engaging in Ramadan fasting. Relevant quotes were extracted to identify means and methods leading to a pathway toward adaptation. The inductively identified pathway viz. understanding of the context, control and adjustment, willpower and self enhancement, belonging and gravitating, trust and support culminates in the dimension of adaptation. The study highlights how cultural and societal influences have a bearing on actions, behaviors, and decisions of competitive athletes.

  8. Handling power-asymmetry in interactions with infants : A comparative socio-cultural perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Demuth, Carolin

    2013-01-01

    Interaction between adults and infants by nature constitutes a strong powerasymmetry relationship. Based on the assumption that communicative practices with infants are inseparably intertwined with broader cultural ideologies of good child care, this paper will contrast how parents in two distinct socio-cultural communities deal with power asymmetry in interactions with 3-months old infants. The study consists of a microanalysis of videotaped free play mother-infant interactions from 20 middl...

  9. Feedback on the Feedback: Sociocultural Interpretation of Saudi ESL Learners’ Opinions about Writing Feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Rami F. Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study employed informal conversational interviews and semi-structured individual interviews to capture the Saudi students’ opinions about the feedback they receive, and about their perceptions on what constitutes helpful feedback. Sociocultural theory was used as the framework of this study. The findings suggest that the Saudi students do not think highly of the feedback, and that the feedback they desire is markedly different from what they receive. The students mentioned ...

  10. Examination of the dictation skills in ear training education in terms of socio-cultural variables

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Arapgirlio?lu

    2012-01-01

    Dictation is considered as criteria for the skill of using the relationship between the sounds constituting the essence of the fundamental music education, and the symbols. Within the process of dictation, it is possible to understand how correctly the student comprehends the melody, harmony and rhythm- in other words, the basic elements of a music work. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between the dictation skills and socio-cultural variables. One of the factual ex...

  11. Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Kimber Haddix McKay

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy ...

  12. [Sociocultural paradigm, integration and sexual education in people with intellectual disability].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu Guerra, Eddy

    2010-01-01

    The article is based on the approach of the Sociocultural paradigm of L.S.Vigotsky, consider that this allows a adecuadal conceptual base for an understanding of the process of Integration of the people with mental incapacity approaching them the social life. Explicit the necessity to include within this integrative process the Education of the Sexuality from a perspective of the supports and the conceptions of Vigotsky, mainly in referred to the call the Zone of potential Development. PMID:20661487

  13. Sociocultural theory and reading comprehension: The scaffolding of readers in an EFL context

    OpenAIRE

    Ghafar Samar, Reza; Dehqan, Mahmood

    2013-01-01

    The focus of the present study was to investigate the possible effects of sociocultural-based teaching techniques on EFL learners reading comprehension. The basic purpose was to clarify how learners reading comprehension and strategy use could be affected by the types of teaching techniques and how high and low proficiency learners profited from the intervention. Iranian EFL students were used as the participants of the study. A NELSON language proficiency test, a researcher-made reading comp...

  14. Between life and death: exploring the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in rural Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Hanlon, Charlotte; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; Prince, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the woman’s survival ...

  15. Habilidades de lectura en primer grado en alumnos de estrato sociocultural bajo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yolanda, Guevara B.; Alfredo, López H.; Gustavo, García V.; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo G.; Juan Pablo, Rugerio.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y del nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de lectura alumnos de primer grado de primaria, de escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluaron 165 niños durante el ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Con base en los re [...] sultados, se caracterizan sus habilidades de lectura en silencio y oral, así como su comprensión en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal. Se analizan los niveles logrados tomando como variables la edad de ingreso a primaria y el número de años cursados en preescolar. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, considerando los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This article explains the developmental process and the level of efficiency first-graders from low sociocultural levels, who attend Mexican public schools, attain in their reading skills. An evaluation was made of 165 children during the 2004-2005 school year. Based on the results of the evaluation, [...] the children's silent and oral reading skills were described, in addition to their reading comprehension, at different times during their first year of formal schooling. The analysis used the variables of age at enrollment and the number of years of preschool attendance. The implications of the results are discussed and proposals are presented that may favor the development of literacy in children from low sociocultural levels, taking into consideration the ideas of educational psychology and research in the field.

  16. Sociocultural Theory Applied to Second Language Learning: Collaborative Learning with Reference to the Chinese Context

    OpenAIRE

    Dongyu Zhang; Yu Fan; Wanyi Du

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT). In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky’s theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA) and second language learning (SLL) research papers. These concepts lay the psychological foundation for collaborative learning, the subject of this paper. This publication aims to examine SCT by assessing collaborative learnin...

  17. 'Striving for Motherhood': Understanding the Socio-Cultural Context of Realizing Childbearing Among Women in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Awiti Ujiji, Opondo

    2011-01-01

    PMTCT allows people living with HIV to actualize childbearing. However, it also complicates motherhood, as the medical consequences and public health implications of non-adherence to PMTCT service recommendations disrupt socio-cultural expectations of childbearing and parenthood. This thesis aimed to study childbearing and adherence to PMTCT interventions focusing on how women living with HIV realize motherhood in Kenya. We sought to answer how women on ART experience mother...

  18. Hacia una metodología para explorar el aprendizaje de futuros profesores de matemáticas desde una perspectiva sociocultural

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Gómez

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a methodological procedure for characterizing mathematics preservice teachers’ learning from a sociocultural perspective. The procedure involves interpreting some aspects of Wenger’s theory of social learning, adapting them to preservice teacher training, and making this adaptation operational for coding and analyzing audio recordings of a group of preservice teachers working at home. An example of a research result obtained using this procedure is presented. En est...

  19. Adolescents’ Experiences of Discrimination and Parent–Adolescent Relationship Quality: The Moderating Roles of Sociocultural Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Riina, Elizabeth M.; McHale, Susan M.

    2011-01-01

    Grounded in a cultural–ecological perspective, the goals of this study were to examine the implications of young adolescents’ experiences of racial discrimination for the quality of relationships with mothers and fathers and to test whether sociocultural processes, such as youth ethnic identity and parents’ racial socialization strategies, moderated these linkages. Participants were older and younger adolescents in 176 two-parent African American families who completed questionnaires ab...

  20. Learner Autonomy in EFL Studies in Vietnam: A Discussion from Sociocultural Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Tin Tan DANG

    2010-01-01

    Learner autonomy has been identified as a complicated capacity that potentially has a great impact on personal growth and achievement. Different mediated attributes associated with situational, psychological, cultural and political aspects of this construct have been developed and examined to facilitate the promotion of this educational goal. Taking this into account, this paper adopts socio-cultural perspective to localize the situation of EFL learning in higher education in Vietnam. Persona...

  1. Incorporation of Socio-Cultural Values in Damage Assessment Valuations of Contaminated Lands in the Niger Delta

    OpenAIRE

    Victor A. Akujuru; Les Ruddock

    2014-01-01

    Damages on contaminated land have been mostly assessed for developments subsisting on the land, neglecting the goods and services derived from the land which possess only socio-cultural values. This paper aims to ascertain the importance of socio-cultural values in the total economic value of contaminated land, drawing from the experience of a coastal community oil spillage in the Niger Delta. The paper examines what constitutes a valuable interest on contaminated land and how socio-cultura...

  2. Hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; qualitative assessment of socio-cultural determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Voeten Hélène ACM; de Zwart Onno; van der Veen Ytje JJ; Mackenbach Johan P; Richardus Jan

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Hepatitis B is an important health problem in the Turkish community in the Netherlands. Increased voluntary screening is necessary in this community, to detect individuals eligible for treatment and to prevent further transmission of the disease. Methods We investigated socio-cultural determinants associated with hepatitis B screening in male and female, first and second generation Turkish migrants, by means of Focus Group Discussions. Results Socio-cultural themes related...

  3. Community group environment for people participation and empowerment: the socio-cultural perspective

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    N. R., Diale.

    Full Text Available The study was conducted in Makhuduthamaga Municipal area in Sekhukhune District of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study observed how socio-cultural factors impact on participation environment in community development groups particularly in rural sections of society. To generate insight on the [...] se dynamics, some sets of empirical data were collected from community groups and individuals. Qualitative and quantitative sets of data were collected through structured interview schedule from simple random samples of twelve interest groups and twenty-eight individuals, and a quota sample of two organisational linkage structures. Document review of the groups was also conducted. Qualitative sets of data were collected from a simple random sample of two groups through participant observation to establishing their group dynamics and cultural protocols. The study found that the majority of community groups consisted of elderly people. It also found that the majority of people join community groups to participate in social improvement and participation. From document reviewed, no statute was found to provide for socio-cultural protocols in the groups' activities. From the observation, the study found that there are some socio-cultural norms, practices and values that negatively impact on the participation and empowerment of people in community development groups.

  4. Socio-cultural barriers to the development of a sustainable energy system - the case of hydrogen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Kjerulf; Andersen, Anne Holst

    2009-01-01

    Any transition to a more sustainable energy system, radically reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is bound to run in to a host of different barriers - technological and economic, but also socio-cultural. This will also be the case for any large-scale application of hydrogen as energy carrier, especially if the system is going to be based on renewable energy sources. The aim of these research notes is to review and discuss major socio-cultural barriers to new forms of energy supply in general and to hydrogen specifically. Reaching sufficient reductions in greenhouse gas emissions may require more than large-scale dissemination of renewable energy sources. Also reductions or moderations in energy demand may be necessary. Hence, a central point in the research notes is to consider not only socio-cultural obstacles for changing technologies in energy production, distribution and consumption but also obstacles for changing the scale of energy consumption, i.e. moderating the growth in how much energy is consumed oreven reducing consumption volumes.

  5. Socio-cultural barriers to the development of a sustainable energy system - the case of hydrogen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kjerulf Petersen, L.; Holst Andersen, A.

    2009-02-15

    Any transition to a more sustainable energy system, radically reducing greenhouse gas emissions, is bound to run in to a host of different barriers - technological and economic, but also socio-cultural. This will also be the case for any large-scale application of hydrogen as energy carrier, especially if the system is going to be based on renewable energy sources. The aim of these research notes is to review and discuss major socio-cultural barriers to new forms of energy supply in general and to hydrogen specifically. Reaching sufficient reductions in greenhouse gas emissions may require more than large-scale dissemination of renewable energy sources. Also reductions or moderations in energy demand may be necessary. Hence, a central point in the research note is to consider not only socio-cultural obstacles for changing technologies in energy production, distribution and consumption but also obstacles for changing the scale of energy consumption, i.e. moderating the growth in how much energy is consumed or even reducing consumption volumes. (au)

  6. Sociocultural influences and body change strategies in Spanish adolescent boys of different weight status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almenara, Carlos A; Fauquet, Jordi; López-Guimerà, Gemma; Pàmias-Massana, Montserrat; Sánchez-Carracedo, David

    2014-12-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sociocultural influences to attain an ideal body and body change strategies (BCS) in Spanish adolescent boys of different weight status. A total of 594 Spanish boys (M=13.94 years, SD=0.20) participated. Measures included in the study were weight status according to body mass index (BMI), sociocultural influences (perceived pressures to attain an ideal body, general internalization of an ideal body, internalization of an athletic-ideal body), BCS to lose/control weight (dieting, healthy and unhealthy weight-control behaviors), and BCS to gain weight and muscles. Underweight boys engaged more frequently in weight-gain behaviors. Overweight boys reported higher levels of perceived sociocultural pressures and general internalization compared to normal-weight boys, and were more likely to be engaged in BCS to lose/control weight compared with the other weight-status groups. There were no differences between groups in terms of internalization of an athletic-ideal body and BCS to increase muscles. Future research and prevention programs should consider male-specific behaviors and weight-status differences. PMID:25261810

  7. Sociocultural theory and reading comprehension: The scaffolding of readers in an EFL context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghafar Samar, Reza

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The focus of the present study was to investigate the possible effects of sociocultural-based teaching techniques on EFL learners reading comprehension. The basic purpose was to clarify how learners reading comprehension and strategy use could be affected by the types of teaching techniques and how high and low proficiency learners profited from the intervention. Iranian EFL students were used as the participants of the study. A NELSON language proficiency test, a researcher-made reading comprehension test and a reading strategy questionnaire (adopted from Phakiti, 2006 were used as data collection instruments. The results showed that the sociocultural teaching techniques leads to better reading comprehension and reading strategy use for EFL learners. Also shown that proficiency factor played a determining role in reading comprehension development of the two groups of this study and that the low proficiency learners, especially in sociocultural group, outperformed the high proficiency learners. However, the interaction effect between proficiency factor and teaching method was non-significant for reading strategy use; leading to the conclusion that strategy use of the learners was not affected by their proficiency level. This indicates that the patterns of cognitive and metacognitive strategy scores are similar for students of low and high proficiency.

  8. Consciência virtual e imaginário

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nicolas de, Warren.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nas discussões contemporâneas acerca de "realidade virtual", "ciberespaço" e "mundos virtuais" falta frequentemente uma reflexão filosófica substancial sobre a função da imaginação sem a qual a realidade virtual não seria nem virtual nem realidade. Neste artigo, eu ensaio um tratamento fenomenológic [...] o da realidade virtual e do imaginário ao desenvolver algumas ideias-chave nas reflexões fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre a imaginação, consciência de imagem, encarnação e "irrealização" da subjetividade por meio do imaginário. Abstract in english Contemporary discussions of "virtual reality," "cyber-space" and "virtual worlds" often lack a substantial philosophical reflection on the function of the imagination without which virtual reality would be neither virtual nor a reality. In this paper, I attempt a phenomenological treatment of virtua [...] l reality and the imaginary by developing key insights in Husserl's phenomenological reflections on the imagination, image-consciousness, embodiment and the "irrealization" of subjectivity through the imaginary.

  9. Virtual capacity and competition

    OpenAIRE

    Schultz, Christian

    2005-01-01

    In several European merger cases competition authorities have demanded that the merging firm auctions off virtual capacity. The buyer of virtual capacity receives an option on an amount of output at a pre-specified price, typically equal to marginal cost. This output is sold in the market in competition with the merging firm. The paper compares sale of physical and virtual capacity by the merging firm and shows that virtual capacity leads to a less competitive outcome. The merging firm can bu...

  10. Virtual currencies- Real opportunities?

    OpenAIRE

    Selldahl, Sara

    2013-01-01

    The European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as ”unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usually controlled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.” (European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last few years as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field of virtual currencies has been mainly unchar...

  11. Virtual reality exposure therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Rothbaum, BO; Hodges, L; Kooper, R

    1997-01-01

    It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real-time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer- generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first control...

  12. Metodologías que optimizan la comunicación en entornos de aprendizaje virtual Methodologies to Improve Communication in Virtual Learning Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Rodríguez Fernández

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Los principales avances educativos y el actual auge de los modelos de formación se deben a la incorporación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, así como a la aplicación de elementos pedagógicos provenientes de aproximación sociocultural. Desde este enfoque educativo, la comunicación es un elemento esencial en los procesos de aprendizaje y enseñanza, por tanto, estas herramientas, entendidas como artefactos tecnológicos de producción cultural, ofrecen un excelente soporte innovador, permitiendo contar con entornos virtuales de aprendizaje, como las ofrecidas por las plataformas para el aprendizaje colaborativo mediado por ordenador (CSCL que favorecen la comunicación, la mediación y la construcción compartida del conocimiento (coconstrucción. La comunicación virtual es uno de los aspectos esenciales en la formación a distancia como también lo es la formación semipresencial (blended learning, que comienza a adquirir un importante papel en contextos presenciales que utilizan estos entornos como instancias complementarias destinadas a extender la clase fuera de las fronteras del aula. En este sentido, es relevante un aporte de las diversas experiencias telemáticas de aprendizaje que usan modalidades de aprendizaje cooperativo o colaborativo en entornos virtuales. En el trabajo que presentamos se organizan y describen experiencias de aprendizaje cooperativo y colaborativo mediado por ordenador con estudiantes de diferentes niveles educativos. Los resultados y conclusiones de dichas experiencias evidencian una mejora de habilidades sociales, habilidades comunicativas, motivación y rendimiento académico independientemente del tipo de modalidad de aprendizaje compartido.The main advances in education and the current expansion of training models are due to the incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs, as well as pedagogical elements arising from the socio-cultural approach. Communication is an essential element in the processes of teaching and learning in this educational approach. Therefore, ICTs offer us an excellent innovative support, allowing use to make use of such virtual learning environments as Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning (CSCL, which enables communication, mediation and knowledge construction. Virtual communication is one of the essential elements in blended learning, and it is even starting to play an important role in traditional teaching environments. In this regard, we consider that a contribution from different teaching and learning experiences in virtual scenarios (Synergeia; BSCW; Moodle… is necessary. In this article, we describe several cooperative and collaborative computer-mediated learning experiences with students of different educational levels. The results and conclusions on Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning experiences reveal an improvement in motivation, academic performance and the development of social and communication skills, regardless of the use of cooperative (cooperative learning techniques or collaborative learning.

  13. Three Southern high school biology teachers' perspectives on teaching evolution: Sociocultural influences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyzer, Peggy Mckewen

    Organizations in science and science education call for students to have a thorough understanding of the theory of evolution. Yet many high school biology teachers do not teach evolution and/or include creationism in their instruction (National Academy of Science, 1998). Historically, the controversy surrounding evolution has created tension for teachers. This case study explored the sociocultural influences related to teaching evolution in three Southern 10th-grade public high school biology classrooms. It also explored the socially and culturally embedded influences on teachers' instructional goals and personal perspectives toward evolution as well as modification of instruction when evolution is taught. Theoretically framed using symbolic interactionism and sociocultural theory, data were collected between October 2003 and April 2004 and included classroom observations two to three times per week, artifacts, and in-depth interviews of the participating teachers, their science department chairpersons, their students, and a Protestant minister. The classroom teachers were unaware of the focus of the study until after evolution was taught. The analysis used in this study was an inductive, interpretative approach that allowed exploration of the sociocultural influences that affect how teachers teach evolution. The sociocultural influences and the lived experiences of each teacher created a continuum for teaching evolution. One of the participating teachers who was heavily involved in the community and one of its fundamentalist churches elected to avoid teaching evolution. Another participating teacher at the same school integrated the theory of evolution in every unit. The third teacher who taught in another school elected to teach evolution in a superficial manner to avoid conflict. The data revealed that the participating teachers' sociocultural situatedness influenced their decisions and instruction on evolution. The influence of strong religious beliefs within the Southern culture was a theme that cut across all the teachers' decisions. In particular, religious beliefs made teaching human evolution difficult. Other recurring themes included the influence of the textbook and factors that served as escape routes for the teachers electing to avoid evolution. The escape routes included the pressure of time, the mixed messages from the state board of education, and the double-edged sword of teacher autonomy.

  14. Virtualization A Manager's Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Kusnetzky, Dan

    2011-01-01

    What exactly is virtualization? As this concise book explains, virtualization is a smorgasbord of technologies that offer organizations many advantages, whether you're managing extremely large stores of rapidly changing data, scaling out an application, or harnessing huge amounts of computational power. With this guide, you get an overview of the five main types of virtualization technology, along with information on security, management, and modern use cases. Topics include: Access virtualization-Allows access to any application from any deviceApplication virtualization-Enables applications

  15. Realistic Haptic Rendering of Interacting Deformable Objects in Virtual Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Duriez, Christian; Kheddar, Abderrahmane; Andriot, Claude

    2008-01-01

    A new computer haptics algorithm to be used in general interactive manipulations of deformable virtual objects is presented. In multimodal interactive simulations, haptic feedback computation often comes from contact forces. Subsequently, the fidelity of haptic rendering depends significantly on contact space modeling. Contact and friction laws between deformable models are often simplified in up to date methods. They do not allow a "realistic" rendering of the subtleties of contact space physical phenomena (such as slip and stick effects due to friction or mechanical coupling between contacts). In this paper, we use Signorini's contact law and Coulomb's friction law as a computer haptics basis. Real-time performance is made possible thanks to a linearization of the behavior in the contact space, formulated as the so-called Delassus operator, and iteratively solved by a Gauss-Seidel type algorithm. Dynamic deformation uses corotational global formulation to obtain the Delassus operator in which the mass and s...

  16. El Aprendizaje del Arte: Un modelo de mediación basado en la interacción sociocultural / The Learning of Art: A model of mediation based on the sociocultural interaction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rebeca, Matos; Yván, Pineda; Alejandro, Vásquez.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el resultado de una investigación documental, realizada a partir de la reflexión crítica de textos sobre el paradigma sociocultural propuesto por Vigotsky. Se propone un modelo para mediar las interacciones pedagógicas como proceso de enseñanza del arte, a través del arte, sustentado en [...] una interpretación en la cual se atribuye a las imágenes un paralelo con las unidades sintagmáticas del lenguaje. En este sentido, se presentan como estrategias innovadoras: la Visión Compartida, la Imaginación Creadora y el Trabajo en Equipo como dinámicas que sustentan las interacciones sociales propias del proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje. La intencionalidad se focaliza en el desarrollo de procesos de comprensión del propio aprendizaje, que al ser introyectados tienden a la internalización de logros orientados a la autorregulación, la toma de decisiones y a la organización de los procesos de meta-aprendizaje como fortalezas individuales en un contexto colectivo de la educación en y por el Arte. Abstract in english The result of a documentary investigation is offered, made from the texts’ critical reflection about the sociocultural paradigm proposed by Lev Vigotsky. It is the proposal of a model to mediate pedagogical interactions in a process of art education, through art, sustained in an interpretation in wh [...] ich a parallel with the syntacmatic units of language is attributed to images as well as the quality of minimum units of meaning in the representation of the artistic languages. In this sense innovating strategies are presented: Shared Vision, Creative Imagination and Team Work as dynamics that sustain owns social interactions of the process of learning and education. The intentionality is focused in the development of processes of understanding their learning, that when owned tends to the internalization of goals oriented to self-regulation, decision making and the organization of meta-learning processes as individual strengths in a collective context of education in and by Art.

  17. Virtual World Security Inspection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Charles Patterson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many legal, social and technological issues. The software used to access virtual worlds is of great importance as they form the primary interface to these worlds and as such the primary interface to conduct virtual property theft. The security vulnerabilities of virtual world applications have not, to date, been examined. This study aims to use the process of software inspection to discover security vulnerabilities that may exist within virtual world software – vulnerabilities that enable virtual property theft to occur. Analyzing three well know virtual world applications World of Warcraft, Guild Wars and Entropia Universe, this research utilized security analysis tools and scenario testing with focus on authentication, trading, intruder detection and virtual property recovery. It was discovered that all three examples were susceptible to keylogging, mail and direct trade methods were the most likely method for transferring stolen items, intrusion detection is of critical concern to all VWEs tested, stolen items were unable to be recovered in all cases and lastly occurrences of theft were undetectable in all cases. The results gained in this study present the key problem areas which need to be addressed to improve security and reduce the occurrence of virtual property theft.

  18. Occupational contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doutre, Marie-Sylvie

    2005-01-01

    Irritant dermatitis and eczema are the most prevalent occupational skin diseases. Less common are immediate contact reactions such as contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis. Occupational contact urticaria can be subdivided into two categories, immunological and non immunological. However, some agents can induce these two types of reactions. Contact urticaria to natural rubber latex is particularly frequent among health care personnel, but contact urticaria to a wide variety of other substances occurs in many other occupations. Among those at risk are cooks, bakers, butchers, restaurant personnel, veterinarians, hairdressers, florists, gardeners, and forestry workers. Protein contact dermatitis in some of these occupations is caused principally by proteins of animal or plant origin, especially among individuals with a history of atopic dermatitis. Diagnosis requires careful interrogation, clinical examination and skin tests (open tests and prick tests with immediate lecture) to identify a particular contact allergen. PMID:16280292

  19. Effects of Socio-Cultural Realities on the Nigerian Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs): Case of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Lagos State

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Felicia O.; Olusoji George; Oluwakemi Owoyemi; Mofope Adegboye

    2013-01-01

    Socio-cultural realities are importance components in the Nigerian business environment. There is a shortage ofliterature and studies that linked socio-cultural realities to business development and performance.Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) constitutes over 70 per cent of the Nigerian businesses and characteristicallyinformal. The objectives of this paper are in two-folds, namely (i) identify socio-cultural realities in the SMEbusiness environment in Nigeria and; (ii) examine the impact of ...

  20. Virtual Organizations: Beyond Network Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Cretu, Liviu Gabriel

    2006-01-01

    One of the most used buzz-words in (e-)business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is “touched” by the computer’s processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive...

  1. Avoiding Cross-Contact

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gifts Donate Stock Donate Your Vehicle Avoiding Cross-Contact Cross-contact happens when one food comes into ... Understanding the difference between Cross-Contamination vs. Cross-Contact When dining at a restaurant, you will need ...

  2. Contact Lens Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Contact Lens Care Print and Share (PDF 182KB) En ... 1088, www.fda.gov/medwatch Learn More about Contact Lens Care Other Tips on Contact Lenses Decorative ...

  3. Sociocultural Characteristics of Psychological Education in the Context of Systemic-Anthropological Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Loginova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The problem of moving from economic efficiency of the social one in the modern society is actualized. It is pointed out that the methodological basis for the solving questions of psychological education development are considered to be an anthropological psychology as a new scientific branch, which reflects the tendencies of development of psychology now a days. It is shown that there are various points of view on psychological education: self-organization as adaptation, self-organization as self-regulation and self-organization as self-determination. On the basis of these points of view psychology educational opportunities of a human being are considered as an individual life strategy aimed at success. Approach: The possibilities of different sociocultural environments and their contribution to psychological education of a person have been analyzed. The attention has been drawn to the fact, that sociocultural environment is the complex of social conditions of a personâ??s life, that allow to act in accordance with the structure and functions of the environment, choosing from the variety of possibilities those, which can be realized. The question of free choice of possible alternatives and creating of oneâ??s own life story is discussed. Results: The motivation of achievement has qualitative differences depending on character of socio-cultural identity. If socio-cultural identity is positive, motivation of achieving the successes is a general life line. The revealed connection of components of positive functioning and showing the motivation of achievement has been considered in the context of our research as a full, subjective experience, which is of great importance for the person himself, as it is connected to basic human values and such everyday notions as happiness, happy life. When characterized the experience of psychological well-being by a person, it is necessary to mention that it supposes comparison of oneâ?? existence of the norm, sample or ideal. But this norm or sample is in the consciousness of the experiencing person, thus psychological well-being is a kind of self-attitude. Conclusion: The revealed differences allow us to make a conclusion that more opened socio-cultural environment of a large city and personal activity of respondents, define the direction of development, conduce broadening of the axiological and meaningful area. Whereas because of deficiency of forms of socio-cultural environment, students living in a town appear to have different important features of character in comparison with the respondents from a large city. Young peopleâ??s life goes on the basis of earlier stereotypes, according to arrangement activities, which limit personal development. Specifics of formation as possibilities of life self-fulfillment in the system-anthropological context set by our acts as creativity in relation to itself which is determined future-the world of its (human being of the purposes directing activity in the present.

  4. Knowledge Value Creation Characteristics of Virtual Teams: A Case Study in the Construction Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorakulpipat, Chalee; Rezgui, Yacine

    Any knowledge environment aimed at virtual teams should promote identification, access, capture and retrieval of relevant knowledge anytime / anywhere, while nurturing the social activities that underpin the knowledge sharing and creation process. In fact, socio-cultural issues play a critical role in the successful implementation of Knowledge Management (KM), and constitute a milestone towards value creation. The findings indicate that Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) promote value creation when they embed and nurture the social conditions that bind and bond team members together. Furthermore, technology assets, human networks, social capital, intellectual capital, and change management are identified as essential ingredients that have the potential to ensure effective knowledge value creation.

  5. Contact handle decompositions

    OpenAIRE

    Özba?c?, Burak

    2009-01-01

    We review Giroux's contact handles and contact handle attachments in dimension three and show that a bypass attachment consists of a pair of contact 1 and 2-handles. As an application we describe explicit contact handle decompositions of infinitely many pairwise non-isotopic overtwisted 3-spheres. We also give an alternative proof of the fact that every compact contact 3-manifold (closed or with convex boundary) admits a contact handle decomposition, which is a result origin...

  6. Perfectionism in Body Dissatisfaction, Sociocultural Influence of the Thinness model and Symptoms of Eating Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Franco Paredes

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess if perfectionism components explained body dissatisfaction (BD, sociocultural influences of aesthetic model (SIAM and symptoms of eating disorders (ED. The sample comprised 30 women with Bulimia Nervosa (BN, 35 women with Eating Disorder not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS and 63 women without ED. A regression analysis showed that concern over mistakes (CM and doubt about actions explained BD and SIAM in the BN sample; while concern over mistakes only explained SIAM in the EDNOS sample. These findings evidence that two perfectionism components contribute to vulnerability of thinness ideal and BD among women, which constitute two important risk factors for ED.

  7. The Dubai Community Psychiatric Survey: II. Development of the Socio-cultural Change Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bebbington, P; Ghubash, R; Hamdi, E

    1993-04-01

    The Dubai Community Psychiatric Survey was carried out to assess the effect of very rapid social change on the mental health of women in Dubai, one of the United Arab Emirates. In order to measure social change at an individual level, we developed a questionnaire covering behaviour and attitudes in a wide range of situations, the Socio-cultural Change Questionnaire (ScCQ). In this paper we give an account of the considerations that determined the form of the ScCQ, its structural characteristics, and its validity. PMID:8511664

  8. Under-reporting of gossypiboma in a third-world country. A sociocultural view

    OpenAIRE

    David Omoareghan Irabor

    2012-01-01

    The paper looks at the reason for the low reportage of retained abdominal packs following an abdominal operation in a third world country like Nigeria. It is generally agreed that this unfortunate situation is under-reported. The reason for under-reporting is now given a socio-cultural perspective. Fear of litigation does not seem to be paramount here like it would be in the western (developed) world. Other explanations like fear of being made a scapegoat for something which may be due to spi...

  9. SOCIOCULTURAL STAFF OF LEADERS OF CHON IN OREL REGION IN 1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verizhnikov Alexei Nikolaevich

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is the complex sociocultural characteristics of the commanders of units of special approach on the territory of Orel province in 1922. The information about the age of commanders, their educational level, the extent of their military training, office and battle experience, family status is given. The author comes to the conclusion that men at the age between 25 and 30, family (as a rule, with primary education and military training, sufficient office and battle experience stood at the head of Orel ChON at the moment of its final organizational formation.

  10. A Socio-Cultural Model Based on Empirical Data of Cultural and Social Relationship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to integrate culture and social relationship as a computational term in an embodied conversational agent system by employing empirical and theoretical approach. We propose a parameter-based model that predicts nonverbal expressions appropriate for specific cultures in different social relationship. So, first, we introduce the theories of social and cultural characteristics. Then, we did corpus analysis of human interaction of two cultures in two different social situations and extracted empirical data and finally, by integrating socio-cultural characteristics with empirical data, we establish a parameterized network model that generates culture specific non-verbal expressions in different social relationships.

  11. Sociocultural Theory Applied to Second Language Learning: Collaborative Learning with Reference to the Chinese Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongyu Zhang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT. In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky’s theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD, and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA and second language learning (SLL research papers. These concepts lay the psychological foundation for collaborative learning, the subject of this paper. This publication aims to examine SCT by assessing collaborative learning within the Chinese context. This paper focuses on teacher-student collaboration and it concludes that the perceived way of learning and teaching and teacher-student relationship should be changed in order to implement collaborative learning.

  12. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Contact Lenses Colored Contact Lenses Eyeglasses IOLs Refractive Surgery & ... Injuries Eye Screening Guidelines Home Remedies for Simple Eye Problems Medical Marijuana for ...

  13. Irritant Contact Dermatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    newsletter | contact Share | Irritant Contact Dermatitis Information for adults A A A This image displays scaling bumps and slightly elevated lesions typical of dermatitis, with severe involvement ...

  14. Physical culture as a phenomenon of the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers of physical education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanii I.V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to substantiate the phenomenon of formation of physical culture of the individual in terms of theoretical and methodological approaches to the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers. Material : 22 literary sources analyzed on the issue of formation of physical culture of the individual. Used cultural studies, axiological and competence approach. Results : define the concept of socio-cultural competence of the teacher of physical education. Competence is considered as an integrative motivational tumor - activity sphere of the individual. It determines the focus of an expert on the formation of spiritual values and is the foundation for its further self-development. Disclosed structure sociocultural competence of the teacher in the unity components: cognitive, motivational-value, behavioral. For each component defined system of spiritual values. The system covers the socio- psychological, mental and cultural values of physical culture. Conclusions : the sociocultural competence of the teacher of physical education meaningful and functionally related to the values of the physical culture of the individual. Spiritual, value the personality of the teacher - is the foundation for all of the components of socio-cultural competence. This competence provides social and cultural development of the individual.

  15. Virtual reality for engineering

    CERN Document Server

    De Gennaro, Silvano; CERN. Geneva

    1996-01-01

    Virtual Reality for Engineers. Virtual Reality is a very powerful visualization technique for 3D data, which can bring enormous benefits to engineering design. CAD models can be exported to a VR application and used as "Virtual Prototypes". Virtual Prototypes are an ideal replacement for wooden models as they can be generated automatically from most CAD products. They are totally reliable, they can be updated in a matter of minutes, and they allow designers to explore them from inside, on a one-to-one scale and using a 3D-stereo vision. Navigation can be performed using a number of instinctive tools, such as joysticks, spaceballs, VR helmets and 3D mice. The lectures will cover today's Virtual Reality products and methods, and describe how to transform CAD models into Virtual Prototypes. A "hands on" VR experience featuring the LHC detectors models can be organized for people interested.

  16. Virtual Welding Trainers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weld-Ed, the National Center for Welding Education and Training have provided this Power Point presentation entitled â??Virtual Welding Trainersâ? that covers the pros and cons of implementing a virtual welding program in education. Virtual welding programs have gained attention in the past years because of a decrease in the welding workforce and increasing workforce performance. This slide show provides a history and examples of virtual reality simulation. There are lists of benefits, like instant feedback and reduced environmental concerns. Also provided are virtual welding development barriers, such as high start-up costs. Last but not least, there is a list of other institutions that are using virtual welding programs.

  17. Agreements in Virtual Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankowska, Malgorzata

    This chapter is an attempt to explain the important impact that contract theory delivers with respect to the concept of virtual organization. The author believes that not enough research has been conducted in order to transfer theoretical foundations for networking to the phenomena of virtual organizations and open autonomic computing environment to ensure the controllability and management of them. The main research problem of this chapter is to explain the significance of agreements for virtual organizations governance. The first part of this chapter comprises explanations of differences among virtual machines and virtual organizations for further descriptions of the significance of the first ones to the development of the second. Next, the virtual organization development tendencies are presented and problems of IT governance in highly distributed organizational environment are discussed. The last part of this chapter covers analysis of contracts and agreements management for governance in open computing environments.

  18. Virtual Arbitrage Pricing Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Ilinskii, K N

    1999-01-01

    We generalize the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) to include the contribution of virtual arbitrage opportunities. We model the arbitrage return by a stochastic process. The latter is incorporated in the APT framework to calculate the correction to the APT due to the virtual arbitrage opportunities. The resulting relations reduce to the APT for an infinitely fast market reaction or in the case where the virtual arbitrage is absent. Corrections to the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) are also derived.

  19. Survey of Server Virtualization

    OpenAIRE

    Ameen, Radhwan Y; Asmaa Y. Hamo

    2013-01-01

    Virtualization is a term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. The purpose of virtual computing environment is to improve resource utilization by providing a unified integrated operating platform for users and applications based on aggregation of heterogeneous and autonomous resources. More recently, virtualization at all levels (system, storage, and network) became important again as a way to improve system security, reliability and availability, reduce cost...

  20. Virtual Reality in Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Nigel Foreman

    2009-01-01

    The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs) in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many an...

  1. Framing Virtual Law

    OpenAIRE

    Edelmann, Peter

    2005-01-01

    This paper proposes a framework for understanding the real-virtual dichotomy in terms of a series of five frames or layers which interact simultaneously to create the phenomena associated with virtual worlds. The framework presented in this paper is intended to be used as an analytical tool in studying phenomena related specifically to virtual worlds, but is undoubtedly applicable to a broad subset of computer games and interactive fiction. The model provides a useful tool fpr studying a numb...

  2. VEM: Virtual Enterprise Methodology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    TØlle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan

    2003-01-01

    This chapter presents a virtual enterprise methodology (VEM) that outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises (VEs). As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for and setting up an enterprise network, which works as a breeding ground for setting up VEs. The VEM applies the Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (VERA) as an underlying structure. Both VEM and VERA are developed as a part of the GLOBEMEN project.

  3. Virtual Arbitrage Pricing Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Ilinski, Kirill

    1999-01-01

    We generalize the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) to include the contribution of virtual arbitrage opportunities. We model the arbitrage return by a stochastic process. The latter is incorporated in the APT framework to calculate the correction to the APT due to the virtual arbitrage opportunities. The resulting relations reduce to the APT for an infinitely fast market reaction or in the case where the virtual arbitrage is absent. Corrections to the Capital Asset Pricing Mode...

  4. Wireless Virtual Joystick

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Yuning

    2013-01-01

    Wireless Virtual Joystick is an Android application which enables users to use their Android mobile device act like a real joystick. It provides a solution to establish a wireless connection between Android mobile device and server computer. Whenever the server receives correct message, the server will simulate a virtual joystick input signal. Wireless Virtual Joystick does not worry about the small space, wires jam or USB port limitation. The objective of this thesis project is to develop a ...

  5. Reality in Virtual Learning : Challenges without the Classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Frank; Pettersson, Michael

    2007-01-01

    The development of ITC has increased focus onto distance learning programs worldwide. Most universities today offer distance learning programs that are based on the Internet. This development represents a fundamental change in the very logic of being a university. It is no longer enough to rely on professor authority. How can one create a learning situation that enables the university to remain viable? In most western countries, the professors have dominated the learning processes at universities. Since the 50s, learning has been about learning-in, memorizing, and cram (Illeris, 2000) where professors most often decide what and when one could learn by providing the context and substance. In this perspective, the student has a role which is close to the one of a passive receiver, and s/he is mainly preoccupied with the problem of generating substance in memory most efficiently. Today, technology challenges our pedagogical reasoning in many ways. However, old pedagogical models often prevail. We see practices where lectures, notes and course information are published on the Internet, where ICT helps professor-student communication, and online based student tests. These attempts are based on old-time educational logic. There are fewer attempts to use ICT according to a different pedagogical perspective than the old professor authoritarian model. The purpose of this paper is to illuminate some challenges virtual students experience when facing a new ICT-based learning situation. We will try to explore and develop understandings of what it might mean to be a student when learning occurs within a virtual problem based learning landscape. When students are used to the traditional classroom, challenges appear in the twilight zone between two pedagogical practices. How do the students cope with challenges that a new virtual program demands, and what paradoxes and ambiguities appear when old learning processes do not work anymore? The present focus reflects an existential-phenomenological point of departure. This perspective is based on the philosophical writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Martin Heidegger (1927/1996; "Being and Time"), and the successors Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur. The work is also inspired of the father of culturalism - Jerome Bruner (1996) and Wenger's (1998) community of practice. Thompson (1997) is an inspiration through his initiator of hermeneutical endeavor within consumer research. The consequences of this perspective are that the student and his/her experiences and learning cannot be separated from the student's existence. As for the subject matter, we cannot separate the student from his/her studying. Learning becomes a profoundly socio-cultural process which has to be studied according to the situation and context in which it appears. It is the heart of this project that the twilight zone between cultural roles might reveal some interesting knowledge about the introduction of ICT and its consequences. The socio-cultural conditions of present society set the context for the hermeneutic analysis of meanings and salient life concerns that learning experiences hold for time-pressured virtual students with high degree of responsibilities. An existential-phenomenological assumption is that individuals would tend to interpret their experiences within present socio-cultural framework. Due to its novel characteristics of the program, however, it is particularly interesting to investigate the role that virtual studying serves in the construction of reality and meaning. Furthermore, as it is assumed that experiences cannot be separated from who one is (being-in-the world), the process of human change during virtual studying is also expected to influence salient types of learning, the student's work practice, and his/her private practice.

  6. Virtual Machine Introspection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S C Rachana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Thus, monitoring of virtual machine is essential. The paper proposes a Virtual Network Introspection [VMI] System to secure the Virtual machines from Distributed Denial of Service [DDOS] and Zombie attacks.

  7. Virtual Reality Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogler, H. Scott

    The University of Michigan Virtual Reality Laboratory (VRL) at the College of Engineering explores innovative applications of immersive and non-immersive virtual environments in a variety of areas. For industrial applications, research is focused on virtual prototyping of engineering designs - especially in the automotive and marine industry - the simulation of manufacturing processes, and related engineering tasks. Additional activities include the use of virtual reality in accident simulations, medicine, architecture, archeology, education, and other areas. As an interdisciplinary facility, the VRL collaborates with many disciplines within the university and serves the outside community. Through a combined directorship, the Laboratory cooperates closely with the University of Michigan 3D Lab.

  8. Debugging the virtual machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, P.; Pizzi, R.

    1994-09-02

    A computer program is really nothing more than a virtual machine built to perform a task. The program`s source code expresses abstract constructs using low level language features. When a virtual machine breaks, it can be very difficult to debug because typical debuggers provide only low level machine implementation in formation to the software engineer. We believe that the debugging task can be simplified by introducing aspects of the abstract design into the source code. We introduce OODIE, an object-oriented language extension that allows programmers to specify a virtual debugging environment which includes the design and abstract data types of the virtual machine.

  9. Associations between sociocultural pressures to be thin, body distress, and eating disorder symptomatology among Chilean adolescent girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caqueo-Urízar, Alejandra; Ferrer-García, Marta; Toro, José; Gutiérrez-Maldonado, José; Peñaloza, Claudia; Cuadros-Sosa, Yasna; Gálvez-Madrid, Ma José

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the relationships between perceived sociocultural pressure to fulfill the thin beauty ideal, body distress, and the presence of eating disorder symptoms. Participants were 437 Chilean adolescent girls from Arica, northern Chile, aged 13-18. Results showed significant associations between perceived pressure from social agents to be thin and the presence of disrupted eating attitudes and behavior. The perceived influence of advertising, verbal messages and social situations related to eating and dieting emerged as the strongest predictors of eating disorders symptoms. Influence of advertising was also the strongest predictor of body image distress. Age differences emerged in perceived sociocultural pressure to be thin, with older participants reporting higher sociocultural pressure to fulfill the slender beauty ideal. This paper provides information about body distress and associated disturbances, a phenomenon which has seldom been studied in non-Western countries, but which has important health implications. PMID:21147054

  10. HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EN ALUMNOS DE BAJO NIVEL SOCIOCULTURAL / MATHEMATICAL SKILLS IN STUDENTS FROM A LOW SOCIAL AND CULTURAL STRATUM / HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EM ALUNOS DE BAIXO NÍVEL SOCIOCULTURAL

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    YOLANDA, GUEVARA BENÍTEZ; ÁNGELA, HERMOSILLO GARCÍA; ALFREDO, LÓPEZ HERNÁNDEZ; ULISES, DELGADO SÁNCHEZ; GUSTAVO RENÉ, GARCÍA VARGAS; JUAN PABLO, RUGERIO TAPIA.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, é examinada a qualidade do ensino primária em México. Para dar conta do processo de desenvolvimento de várias habilidades matemáticas nos alunos do primeiro grau de ensino primária, foi realizado um estudo longitudinal em que participaram 169 alunos de estrato sociocultural baixo. Foi [...] aplicado um instrumento referido a critério e baseado em análise de tarefas, que possibilitou a análise de acertos e erros durante o ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Os resultados sinalam que os alunos tenham deficiências pré-acadêmicas, que desenvolveram algumas habilidades, mais que os níveis de aptitude matemática foram baixos ao final do curso. São discutidas as implicações dos resultados e são propostas alternativas para a educação, baseadas no modelo condutista de desenvolvimento psicológico. Abstract in spanish La temática abordada es la calidad de la educación básica en México. Con el propósito de dar cuenta del proceso de desarrollo de diversas habilidades matemáticas en alumnos de primer grado de primaria, se realizó un estudio longitudinal en el cual participaron 169 alumnos de estrato sociocultural ba [...] jo. Se aplicó un instrumento referido a criterio y basado en análisis de tareas, que permitió analizar los aciertos y errores a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Los resultados indican que los alumnos ingresaron con deficiencias preacadémicas, que se desarrollaron algunas habilidades, pero que los niveles de aptitud matemática fueron bajos al finalizar el curso. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se proponen alternativas para la educación, basadas en el modelo conductual de desarrollo psicológico. Abstract in english In this paper, the quality of primary education in Mexico is dealt with A longitudinal study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the process of development for various mathematical skills with first grade students; 169 students from a low social and cultural stratum participated. An instrument [...] referred to criteria and based on task analysis was used to analyze the errors and the correct responses throughout the 2004-2005 school year Results show that students had enrolled with previous academic deficiencies and developed some skills; however, the levels of mathematical skills were still low at the end of the school term. The implications of these results are discussed and some alternatives for education based on a behavioural model of psychological development are proposed.

  11. Análisis de costes y perfil sociocultural del enfermo renal: impacto de la modalidad de tratamiento / Cost analysis and sociocultural profile of kidney patients: impact of the treatment method

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Víctor, Lorenzo-Sellares; M. Inmaculada, Pedrosa; Balbina, Santana-Expósito; Zoraida, García-González; Mónica, Barroso-Montesinos.

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: El análisis del coste de la enfermedad renal crónica basado en datos individuales, por componentes y modalidades terapéuticas no ha sido publicado en España. Objetivos: a) Estudiar los costes sanitarios de un año de tratamiento con hemodiálisis (HD), trasplante renal (TxR) de cadáver y [...] reno-páncreas (TxRP), y de la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada (ERCA) E4 y E5. b) Evaluar la eventual relación entre disparidad sociocultural, costes y modalidad de tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional de: 1) 81 pacientes con ERCA (53 E4 y 28 E5); 2) 162 con más de 3 meses en HD y 3) 173 con más de 6 meses Tx (140 TxR y 33 TxRP). Los costes se evaluaron en cinco categorías: 1) sesiones de HD, 2) consumo farmacéutico, 3) hospitalizaciones, 4) atención ambulatoria y 5) transporte. Se realizó una encuesta de parámetros sociodemográficos. Resultados: El impacto económico de la HD fue de 47 714 ± 18 360 € (media ± DS), el del Tx de 13 988 ± 9970 €, y el de la ERCA 9654 ± 9412 €. El coste de la HD fue el más elevado en todas las partidas económicas. Los costes fueron similares entre TxR y TxRP. En ERCA, a mayor deterioro renal, mayor coste (E4 7846 ± 8901 frente a E5 13 300 ± 9820, p Abstract in english Background: The cost analysis of chronic kidney disease based on individual data for treatment methods and components has not been published in Spain. Objectives: a) To study the health costs of a year of treatment with haemodialysis (HD), deceased donor renal transplantation (RTx), renal-pancreas t [...] ransplantation (RPTx), and S4 and S5 advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) b) Assess the potential relationship between sociocultural diversity, costs and treatment method. Methods: Observational study of: 1) 81 patients with ACKD (53 S4 and 28 S5) 2) 162 with more than 3 months on HD and 3) 173 with a Tx for more than 6 months (140 RTx and 33 RPTx). The costs were assessed in five categories: 1) HD sessions, 2) drug intake, 3) hospitalisation, 4) outpatient care and 5) transportation. We carried out a survey with socio-demographic parameters. Results: The financial impact of HD was €47,714±18,360 (mean±SD), that of Tx €13,988±9970, and that of ACKD €9654±9412. The cost of HD was the highest in all financial items. The costs were similar between RTx and RPTx. In ACKD, the greater the renal deterioration, the greater the cost is (S4 €7846±8901 versus S5 €13,300±9820, P

  12. Sociocultural mediators of remembering : An extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagoner, Brady; Gillespie, Alex

    2014-01-01

    The reported research uses an extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction to provide data on the sociocultural processes underlying reconstructive remembering. Twenty participants worked in pairs to remember the War of the Ghosts story 15 min and 1 week after presentation. The observed transformations were comparable to previous research with individuals. Going beyond previous research, we analyse participants' discourse to provide a window on the processes underlying these transformations. Textual excerpts demonstrate how imagery, narrative coherence, deduction, repetition, gesture, questioning and deferring contribute to the transformation and conventionalization of the material. These diverse sociocultural mediators are integrated into a partially coherent recollection by participants self-reflecting, or as Bartlett termed it, turning around upon their schemas. We demonstrate that this self-reflection is both a social and a psychological process, occurring because participants are responding totheir own utterances in the same way that they respond to the utterances of other people. These empirical findings are used to make a case for using discursive data to look not only at discursive processes but also at socially situated and scaffolded psychological processes.

  13. A Study On Socio-Cultural Characteristics and Postgraduate Education Willingness Of The Classroom Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahad?r KÖKSALAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the socio-cultural characteristics and willingness of graduate education of teacher candidates. The study consists of 312 candidates including 140 female and 172 male attending to Primary Education Departments in F?rat, ?nönü and Erzincan Universities in the 2008-2009 academic years. This research in which screening model was used a descriptive character. The data were collected with identified socio-cultural characteristics questionnaire by which was developed researcher and with a Likert-type scale determined willingness of postgraduate. The data on the scale was analyzed using techniques such as arithmetic average, percentage distribution and frequency in the SPSS 15.0 package program. As a result of the statistical analysis in theresearch it was observed that 70,1 percent of students were graduated from public high schools; 90,4 percent of mothers were housewife; 35,6 percent of fathers were civil servant and according to the father educational status, the majority of level education was in the middle school level educational. According to the family’s income, it was seen that students had come from lower and middle income families of society. Also, it was concluded that students’ willingness to the postgraduate was positive but willingness scores not very high.

  14. La fotografía como documento sociocultural a finales del siglo XIX: Nadar y el retrato post mórtem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vázquez Casillas, José Fernando

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that photography was a transcendental element in nineteenth-century that definitely democratized portraiture. Citizenship found in this procedure the most effective way for their social representation. In this sense, this article deals with the important role photography played as as sociocultural document in late nineteenth-century through post mortem portrait studio. To understand this iconography we take as reference to Gaspard-Félix Tournachon «Nadar» testimony. The reflections of this photographer and theorist will help to clarify the social role of post mortem portrait at that time.No cabe duda de que la fotografía se posicionó en el siglo XIX como el elemento trascendental que democratizó definitivamente el retrato. La ciudadanía halló en este procedimiento el medio más eficaz para su representación social. En este sentido, planteamos en este artículo el importante papel que va a desempeñar la fotografía como documento sociocultural a finales del siglo XIX a través del estudio ideológico del retrato post mórtem como una modalidad usual en el ámbito familiar de aquel tiempo. Para la comprensión de esta iconografía tomamos como referente las reflexiones del fotógrafo y teórico Gaspard-Félix Tournachon «Nadar», con el fin de profundizar tanto en la función social del retrato de difuntos como en su posicionamiento dentro de la práctica fotográfica.

  15. Socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services in a transhumance social-ecological network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oteros-Rozas, E.; Martín-López, B.

    2014-01-01

    The ecosystem services framework is receiving increasing attention in the fields of policy and research. The assessment of human attitudes and perceptions regarding ecosystem services has been proposed as a promising tool for addressing complex problems associated with environmental change, particularly in the context of cultural landscapes. Transhumance is not only a farming practice responsible for shaping cultural landscapes but also an adaptive strategy based on mobility that may represent a useful approach to overcoming the growing challenges posed by accelerated environmental change. A socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services associated with the Conquense Drove Road, one of the major transhumant networks still in use in Mediterranean Spain, was conducted via the distribution of questionnaires to 416 local residents and visitors to capture their perceptions regarding the importance of 34 ecosystem services (10 provisioning, 12 regulating, and 12 cultural) for both social and personal well-being. Overall, the ecosystem services considered to be the most important for social well-being were fire prevention, air purification and livestock. Most of the ecosystem services in question were perceived as declining, with the exception of those associated with recreation, scientific knowledge and environmental education. This study revealed that perceptions regarding the value of ecosystem services differed among respondents, depending on their age, place of origin and gender. Several methodological issues, as well as the implications of socio-cultural valuation for policy making, are also discussed here. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  16. Khat (Catha edulis): the herb with officio-legal, socio-cultural and economic uncertainty

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sikiru, Lamina.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Khat (Catha edulis) is a plant of uncertain and highly controversial status grown in the countries around the Red Sea and on the eastern coast of Africa. The chewing of khat leaves has a deep-rooted religious and socio-cultural tradition. Khat is considered a cash crop and its cultivation is a sourc [...] e of economic value to the societies and nations involved. There have, however, been reports of negative economic effects on the individuals engaging in the habit of khat chewing. The increasing use of khat worldwide, along with the negative international attention that this has garnered, has led to the present status of uncertainty of the once indigenous practice of khat chewing. Scientists, mostly western Europeans, have tended to focus on problems related to khat with little attention to the positive role of khat chewing in society and the world at large. In addition, no report has directly associated khat with any organised crime, violence or antisocial activity, particularly in countries where khat is legalised. This paper reviewed the various areas of uncertainty and controversy relating to khat. Based on the findings of the review, further qualitative and quantitative research is required and a positive international approach to khat use at economic, religious and socio-cultural levels is advocated.

  17. Fortalezas familiares program: building sociocultural and family strengths in latina women with depression and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdez, Carmen R; Abegglen, Jessica; Hauser, Claire T

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe Fortalezas Familiares (FF; Family Strengths), a community-based prevention program designed to address relational family processes and promote well-being among Latino families when a mother has depression. Although depression in Latina women is becoming increasingly recognized, risk and protective mechanisms associated with children's outcomes when a mother has depression are not well understood for Latino families. We begin by reviewing the literature on risk and protective psychosocial mechanisms by which maternal depression may affect Latino youth, using family systems theory and a developmental psychopathology framework with an emphasis on sociocultural factors shaping family processes. Next, we describe the theoretical basis and development of the FF program, a community-based 12-week intervention for Latina immigrant women with depression, other caregivers, and their children. Throughout this article, we use a case study to illustrate a Latina mother's vulnerability to depression and the family's response to the FF program. Recommendations for future research and practice include consideration of sociocultural processes in shaping both outcomes of Latino families and their response to interventions. PMID:24033237

  18. Complexity and Sociocultural Urbanization of Spare Time in Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio García Ayala

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article derives from my thesis research project “Fragmentation and sociocultural urbanization of spare time. High-significance places in Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City”. Its purpose is to concisely present those considerations that allowed integrating transdisciplinary epistemological and methodological frameworks. An analytical method was designed to integrate epistemological considerations for cultural and deep hermeneutics analysis, and the principles of complex thinking and complex systems theory, with the purpose of explaining the spare time sociocultural urbanization that is taking place in this fragmented public space that is characteristic of Mexico City. We present here some of the results of the implementation of this analytical method based on hologramatic, recursive and dialogic principles, that allowed interpreting Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City (at first sight considered fragmented, disarticulated and chaotic as a fractal space, integrated by symbolic forms, socially and historically structured in this public space, from its origin, in 1958, up to the 21st century. We can conclude that these symbolic forms, located within a complex system, are condensed in high significance places such as Juan Escutia Sports Palace, Rodríguez Brothers Racetrack, Foro Sol, Gates 3 and 2, and Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome Esplanade, all of which have their own cultural dynamics that determine the characteristics, as a whole, of this sport centre.

  19. Between life and death: exploring the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in rural Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanlon, Charlotte; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; Prince, Martin

    2010-10-01

    The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the woman's survival were prominent concerns of all participants, but only rarely perceived to be pathological in intensity. Sociocultural practices such as continuing physical labour, dietary restriction, prayer and rituals to protect against supernatural attack were geared towards safe delivery and managing vulnerability. Despite strong cultural norms to celebrate pregnancy, participants emphasised that many pregnancies were unwanted and an additional burden on top of pre-existing economic and marital difficulties. Short birth interval and pregnancy out of wedlock were both seen as shameful and potent sources of mental distress. The notion that pregnancy in traditional societies is uniformly a time of joy and happiness is misplaced. Although antenatal mental distress may be self-limiting for many women, in those with enduring life difficulties, including poverty and abusive relationships, poor maternal mental health may persist. PMID:20148274

  20. SOCIO-CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE E-MARKETING USERS (CASE OF RASHT TOWNSHIP, IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed ALAVIOON

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to study the socio-cultural index of rice electronic marketing users in Rasht Township, Iran. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 367 paddy farmers in Rasht Township. To identify the socio-cultural characteristics of rice e-marketing users, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the face and content validity were used. Reliability for the instrument was estimated at 0.81. The Kurskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney test have been used to identify the effective factors on e-marketing. The result revealed that almost 68% of farmers had high tendency to adoption of electronic marketing and more than 70% of respondents chose rural ICT offices for rice e-marketing. Experience in using the internet services and internet skill had significant effects on e-marketing adoption. Finally, the result of this research presents a brokerage model. The nature of this model is (B2C which means truck between business (ICT office and customers. In this model, rural ICT offices have a role as buy/sell fulfillment.

  1. Pharmacological and Sociocultural factors of the Consumption of the Coca Leaf by the Kogui Natives in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katiuska Vera Zambrano

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available The investigation compares pharmacological and sociocultural factors of the consumption of the coca leaf by the Kogui natives of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia. The pharmacological and sociocultural aspects of the consumption of cocaine in urban environments are also related with the concepts of tolerance and dependence to psychoactive substances. The results contribute to the development and design of programs of prevention, treatment and reduction of risk and damage in drug addiction, as well as suggests future social policies of prevention in drugs consumption

  2. Amor virtual e universos paralelos / Virtual love and parallel universes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carla Beatriz de, Souza; Antonios lanes, Terzis.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Temos visto, hoje em dia, muitas pesquisas focalizando os avanços da informática interferindo nas relações pessoais. Se, por um lado, usufruímos os benefícios das infinitas possibilidades de acesso e contato com outros mundos, por outro, nos deparamos com nossos novos comportamentos frente a estes o [...] utros mundos. Para ilustrar estas idéias, apresentamos um caso clínico no qual a paciente, uma jovem senhora de vinte e sete anos, casada há oito anos, tem vivido há um ano uma "relação virtual", pela internet. Este processo tem absorvido-a completamente. Ela sente-se muito distante de seu marido desde que isolou-se em seu mundo paralelo, no qual apresenta uma nova identidade em todos os níveis. Esta nova identidade é inteiramente oposta à de sua vida real. No entanto, a impossibilidade de sentir-se realizada, seja em sua vida cotidiana, seja em seu universo paralelo, desencadeou-lhe um grave processo depressivo. Este exemplo clínico levou-nos a discutir os seguintes aspectos: (1) as experiências virtuais pela internet e os universos paralelos mencionados por Hugh Everett, um físico norte - americano; (2) a questão da ética feminina; (3) as manifestações mobilizadas no grupo pela paciente. Abstract in english We have seen, today, many researches focusing how the computing advances can interfere inside the personal relationships. If, in one hand, we have the benefits trom the endless possibilities of access and contact with "others worlds", in the other hand, we are facing our new behaviour over these "ot [...] hers worlds". In order to ilIustrate that idea, we have a clínica I report in which the patient, a young lady, twenty seven years oki, married for eight years, has been living for about one year a "virtual relationship", by internet. This process has been absorbing her completely. She feels very far trom her husband, since she is isolated in her parallel world, in which she has a new identity related to all levels. That new identity is entirely the opposite from her real life. The impossibility to feel accomplished either in her everyday lífe or in her virtual parallel universe broke out a severe pracess of depression. That clínic example leaded us to discuss the following aspects: (1) virtual experiences by internet and the parallel universes that was mentioned by Hugh Everett, a North American physicist; (2) the question of female ethics; (3) the group experiences that was mobilized by that patient.

  3. Virtual Scanning Electron Microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael W. Davidson

    This site from Florida State University features an interactive Java tutorial that explores various aspects of virtual scanning electron microscopy. Users can see how specimens appear when magnified in the virtual SEM. The site also features an image gallery and extensive information about different types of microscopy.

  4. Virtual crossing realization

    CERN Document Server

    Nelson, S

    2003-01-01

    We study virtual isotopy sequences with classical initial and final diagrams. We conjecture that all such diagrams permit an assignment of classical crossing type to each virtual crossing resulting in a valid classical isotopy sequence. Conditions are found which any counterexample must meet, and the conjecture is reformulated in terms of 2-knots.

  5. OVERLAPPING VIRTUAL CADASTRAL DOCUMENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina - Cristina Marian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two cadastrale plans of buildings, can overlap virtual. Overlap is highlighted when digital reception. According to Law no. 7/1996 as amended and supplemented, to solve these problems is by updating the database graphs, the repositioning. This paper addresses the issue of overlapping virtual cadastre in the history of the period 1999-2012.

  6. Virtual Organizations: Beyond Network Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Gabriel CRETU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most used buzz-words in (e-business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is “touched” by the computer’s processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive line between the two concepts. Providing a more coherent description of what virtual organization might be is also one of our intentions.

  7. Virtual articulator for the analysis of dental occlusion: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maestre-Ferrín, Laura; Romero-Millán, Javier; Peñarrocha-Oltra, David; Peñarrocha-Diago, María

    2012-01-01

    The future of dental practice is closely linked to the utilization of computer-based technology, specifically virtual reality, which allows the dental surgeon to simulate true life situations in patients. The virtual articulator has been designed for the exhaustive analysis of static and dynamic occlusion, with the purpose of substituting mechanical articulators and avoiding their errors. These tools will help both odontologists and dental prosthetists to provide the best individualized treatment for each patient. The present review analyzes the studies published in the literature on the design, functioning and applications of virtual articulators. A Medline-PubMed search was made of dental journals, with the identification of 137 articles, of which 16 were finally selected. The virtual articulator can simulate the specific masticatory movement of the patient. During mandibular animation, the program calculates the sites where the opposing teeth come into contact. The studies made to assess the reliability of the virtual articulator show good correspondence in visualization of the number and position of the dynamic contacts. The virtual articulator is a precise tool for the full analysis of occlusion in a real patient. PMID:22157663

  8. Cousins Virtual Jane and Virtual Joe, extraordinary virtual helpers

    OpenAIRE

    Blignaut, Anita S; Lynette Nagel

    2009-01-01

    Higher education institutions deliver web-based learning with varied success. The success rate of distributed online courses remains low. Factors such as ineffective course facilitation and insufficient communication contribute to the unfulfilled promises of web-based learning. Students consequently feel unmotivated. Instructor control and in the course room further isolates students, whereas success rate increases when students unite in virtual communities. King (2002) increased student part...

  9. Virtual Machine Logbook - Enabling virtualization for ATLAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ATLAS software has been developed mostly on CERN linux cluster lxplus or on similar facilities at the experiment Tier 1 centers. The fast rise of virtualization technology has the potential to change this model, turning every laptop or desktop into an ATLAS analysis platform. In the context of the CernVM project we are developing a suite of tools and CernVM plug-in extensions to promote the use of virtualization for ATLAS analysis and software development. The Virtual Machine Logbook (VML), in particular, is an application to organize work of physicists on multiple projects, logging their progress, and speeding up ''context switches'' from one project to another. An important feature of VML is the ability to share with a single 'click' the status of a given project with other colleagues. VML builds upon the save and restore capabilities of mainstream virtualization software like VMware, and provides a technology-independent client interface to them. A lot of emphasis in the design and implementation has gone into optimizing the save and restore process to makepractical to store many VML entries on a typical laptop disk or to share a VML entry over the network. At the same time, taking advantage of CernVM's plugin capabilities, we are extending the CernVM platform to help increase the usability of ATLAS software. For example, we added the ability to start the ATLAS event display on any computer running CernVM simply by clicking a button in a web browser. We want to int a button in a web browser. We want to integrate seamlessly VML with CernVM unique file system design to distribute efficiently ATLAS software on every physicist computer. The CernVM File System (CVMFS) download files on-demand via HTTP, and cache it locally for future use. This reduces by one order of magnitude the download sizes, making practical for a developer to work with multiple software releases on a virtual machine.

  10. Sociocultural Theories, Academic Achievement, and African American Adolescents in a Multicultural Context: A Review of the Cultural Incompatibility Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, Arthur L.; Noel, La

    2011-01-01

    Some theories have posited that African American youth are academic underachievers because of sociocultural factors. We label this point of view the cultural incompatibility perspective. Ogbu's oppositional culture theory and Steele's stereotype threat theory are selected as popular examples of this viewpoint. A critical review of the literature…

  11. Political, Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Educational Challenges of Administering a Sino-US Joint Venture Campus in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturgut, Osman

    2008-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the political, economic, socio-cultural, and educational challenges of administering a Sino-U.S. joint-venture campus in the People's Republic of China. China American University (CAU) is an educational joint venture between China Investment Company (CIC) and American University (AU) in the U.S. that resulted in…

  12. [Odds ratio between sociocultural factors, body dissatisfaction, and body mass index in university students of Hidalgo, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaragoza Cortes, Jessica; Saucedo-Molina, Teresita de Jesús; Fernández Cortés, Trinidad Lorena

    2011-03-01

    After to identify risky factors involved in the prediction and prevention of eating disorders (ED), in a sample of university males and females students from an urban setting in Hidalgo. Mexico; the main purpose of this paper was to reaffirm the following assumptions: 1) Dissatisfaction with body shape is closely related to both, the influence of sociocultural factors as Body Mass Index (BMI); 2) The participating women reported more dissatisfaction with body shape, indicating greater influence of sociocultural factors than men.Transversal, descriptive and association field research was carried out in a sample of 490 students (57% females. 43% males), from 16 to 30 years old (X(-) = 19.63, SD = +/- 2.11). Multidimensional self-reported questionnaire were applied. BMI was obtained by measuring each subject's weight and height. Regarding the impact association measures obtained by Odds Ratio, there were significant association (p body image dissatisfaction. Also, statistically significant associations (p body dissatisfaction and sociocultural factors (distress because of body image, influence of advertising, and influence of verbal messages), and between BMI and these latter, where men showed a higher risk. Findings suggest that body dissatisfaction in women, and BMI, specifically overweight in men, act like key agents of the impact of sociocultural factors in the researched sample. PMID:22097286

  13. Agency-communion and interest in prosocial behavior: social motives for assimilation and contrast explain sociocultural inconsistencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Jochen E; Sedikides, Constantine; Lüdtke, Oliver; Neberich, Wiebke

    2014-10-01

    Identifying the "prosocial personality" is a classic project in personality psychology. However, personality traits have been elusive predictors of prosocial behavior, with personality-prosociality relations varying widely across sociocultural contexts. We propose the social motives perspective to account for such sociocultural inconsistencies. According to this perspective, a focal quality of agency (e.g., competence, independence, openness) is the motive to swim against the social tide-agentic social contrast. Conversely, a focal quality of communion (e.g., warmth, interdependence, agreeableness) is the motive to swim with the social tide-communal social assimilation. We report two cross-sectional studies. Study 1 (N?=?131,562) defined social context at the country level (11 European countries), whereas Study 2 (N?=?56,395) defined it at the country level (11 European countries) and the city level (296 cities within these countries). Communion predicted interest in prosocial behavior comparatively strongly in sociocultural contexts where such interest was common and comparatively weakly where such interest was uncommon. Agency predicted interest in prosocial behavior comparatively strongly in sociocultural contexts where such interest was uncommon and comparatively weakly where such interest was common. The results supported the social motives perspective. Also, the findings help to reestablish the importance of personality for understanding prosociality. PMID:24127868

  14. Mother-Daughter Conflict and Adjustment in Mexican-Origin Families: Exploring the Role of Family and Sociocultural Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Perez-Brena, Norma J.; Pflieger, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the role of mother-daughter conflict in both mothers' and daughters' adjustment. Drawing from ecologically oriented and person-environment fit models, the authors investigated how the family context, as defined by the transition to adolescent motherhood, and the sociocultural context, as measured by mother-daughter…

  15. Etiologia dos transtornos alimentares: aspectos biológicos, psicológicos e sócio-culturais Etiology of eating disorders: biological, psychological and sociocultural determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan, Christina M.; Ilka Ramalho Vecchiatti; André Brooking Negrão

    2002-01-01

    Os transtornos alimentares possuem uma etiologia multifatorial, composta de predisposições genéticas, socioculturais e vulnerabilidades biológicas e psicológicas. Entre os fatores predisponentes, destacam-se a história de transtorno alimentar e (ou) transtorno do humor na família, os padrões de interação presentes no ambiente familiar, o contexto sociocultural, caracterizado pela extrema valorização do corpo magro, disfunções no metabolismo das monoaminas centrais e traços de p...

  16. Perceptions of Psychopathology in Relation to Socio-cultural Changes Among Ladakhi Youth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ozer, Simon

    2012-01-01

    It seems likely that an increasing number of young people in the isolated region of Ladakh are experiencing mental problems in relation to the process of acculturation. Ladakh, a Himalayan region situated in the northeast of India, has undergone rapid development. It has been influenced by the opening of the area for tourists in 1974 and from the massive presence of the Indian military. This work explores the discourses among intellectuals, practitioners and young people about psychopathology among the Ladakhi youth in relation to socio-cultural changes. Based on the discourse analysis and a review of relevant theoretical perspectives, it is argued that development is causing a greater diversity in the youth, and that the combination of greater pressure and less cultural support may be causing an increase in psychopathology.

  17. Some sociocultural aspects of cadaver organ donation: recent rulings from Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, M; Hedayat, K M

    2004-12-01

    Cultural and social factors strongly influence cadaveric organ donation and removal. In Muslim countries such as Iran, there is general public resistance to removal of organs despite clear rulings from religious leaders. Recently, some religious authorities have waived family permission and allowed cadaver organ removal even if the deceased person had not made a declaration for organ donation. Scholars have also exempted physicians from paying a legal penalty for removing organs in such cases. Cadaver organ donation is also allowed if the deceased person has made a declaration that money obtained from the recipient be spent to pay his debts or for public welfare and that the organ be used to save a life. There is no restriction on organ donation between people of different religions in normal circumstances. We conclude that these rulings should positively influence present sociocultural cadaver organ donation trends in Iran. PMID:15686652

  18. Risk analysis-based food safety policy: scientific factors versus socio-cultural factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Rosa, Mauro; van Knapen, Frans; Brom, Frans W A

    2008-09-15

    The purpose of this article is to illustrate the importance of socio-cultural factors in risk management and the need to incorporate these factors in a standard, internationally recognized (WTO) framework. This was achieved by analysing the relevance of these factors in three cases. It can be concluded that the pre-eminent role of science in food-related regulatory decisions is debatable. At a risk management level, other factors, such as cultural, social, or economic issues, are often more important than scientific advice in determining policy. There is a need for transparency at an international level as trade barriers are gradually being removed and these other factors are becoming more apparent. Therefore it is important that all the factors implicated in the food safety policy-making process are recognized in a standard framework. PMID:18833727

  19. The wetlands of Magdalena medio Antioqueno from a physical and socio-cultural perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wetlands are ecosystems with environmental and ecological importance that require of a new methodological and legal focus that allows developing conservation policies in agreement with the natural and socio-cultural conditions. In the Magdalena Medio Antioqueno, CORANTIOQUIA region, were recognized 362 wetlands, divided in two main groups; in Puerto Nare and Puerto Berrio to the south prevails herbaceous wetlands without permanent surface water, locally known as Bajos. In Yondo the wetlands have permanent surface water. The environmental dynamic depends from the geomorphologic and hydrological conditions and are affected in a differential way by the human action. The region is the result of a long occupation process that begins in prehistoric times and had changed depending on the different historical moments. This complex social configuration has given origin to diverse perceptions and types of appropriation of the wetlands what explains the identified environmental circumstances

  20. Using interactive theater to create socioculturally relevant community-based intimate partner violence prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshihama, Mieko; Tolman, Richard M

    2015-03-01

    This article describes the use of interactive theater, audience response assessment, and peer educators to create community-generated approaches for bystander interventions (i.e., actions taken by people who become aware of controlling, abusive and violent behavior of others) to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) and to foster change in community norms. We include a case example of an ongoing university-community partnership, which mobilizes community members to develop and implement socioculturally relevant IPV prevention programs in multiple Asian communities. We used interactive theater at a community event--a walk to raise awareness about IPV in South Asian communities--and examined how the enacted bystander interventions reflect specific community contexts. We detail the challenges and limitations we have encountered in our attempts to implement this approach in collaboration with our community partners. PMID:25589439

  1. Webgenres and - styles as socio-cultural indicators - an experimental interdisciplinary dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engholm, Ida

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents a crossdisciplinary experiment of analysing web design through a combination of the academic fields of design history and anthroplogy. The two authors merge aesthetic and socio-cultural aspects of new technology in a case-based discussion of the invention and use of contemporary web design. Indicating the potentials of an inter-disciplinary perspective in exploring design in general they draw on such parameters as user-differenctiation and aesthetic positioning in a discussion of the role of genre and style in commercial formations on the web. Comparing examples from banking web-pages, they discuss certain aspects of cultural and esthetical conceptual representational systems that are expressed through genres and styles on the net. They argue that web design has become a central cultural field for the negotiation and expression of identity and taste, communicating different design norms and forms of social distinction.

  2. EL ANÁLISIS LITERARIO Y SUS MÉTODOS DESDE UN ENFOQUE COGNITIVO, COMUNICATIVO Y SOCIOCULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Magdalena Sales Garrido

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se realiza con el objetivo de ofrecer una visión reflexiva sobre algunas de las fundamentales posiciones asumidas en el análisis del texto literario, su aplicación en el plano docente en Cuba, así como las posibilidades que pueden brindar en el enfoque cognitivo, comunicativo y sociocultural, desde la integración de los componentes funcionales comprensión, análisis y construcción. Para ello se realiza un breve acercamiento a las categorías texto, texto artístico, y texto literario, método, análisis y métodos de análisis del texto literario; se reflexiona acerca de los antecedentes y consideraciones sobre algunos métodos de análisis literario y se ofrece un resumen sobre criterios coincidentes para el análisis. Se aborda el análisis literario en la Enseñanza Media en Cuba, teniendo en cuenta los métodos más empleados.

  3. Sharing the Joke? ‘Britcom’ Remakes in the United States: A Historical and Socio-Cultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amandine Ducray

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In an increasingly ‘glocalized’ world, the success of NBC’s still-running remake of the BBC’s The Office would seem to indicate the continuing vitality of ‘Britcom’ adaptations on American network television. Initiated by US producer and comedy writer Norman Lear in the early 1970s, such cross-cultural translation has nevertheless had a long history of hit-or-miss experiences over the decades. Following an analysis of how the early television developments of the situation comedy genre in both countries may have favoured the emergence of different types of sitcom humour, this article will introduce several case-studies of US ‘Britcom’ remakes so as to map out the socio-cultural specificities at work in the retooling process central to such exchanges from the British to the American television industry.

  4. Understanding sociocultural and psychological factors affecting transgender people of color in San Francisco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bith-Melander, Pollie; Sheoran, Bhupendra; Sheth, Lina; Bermudez, Carlos; Drone, Jennifer; Wood, Woo; Schroeder, Kurt

    2010-01-01

    This ethnographic qualitative study explored the needs of transgender people of color, including biological transitioning issues, gender and group membership identity formation, HIV, and other health issues. The sample consisted of transgender youth and adults of color in San Francisco (N = 43). Data were collected from in-depth interviews with 20 youth and adults and focus groups with 23 individuals. The study focused on perspectives of racial and ethnic minorities from Asian/Pacific Islander, African American, and Latino backgrounds. The medical decision-making perspective was used to gain a deeper understanding of sociocultural and psychological factors affecting transgender individuals of color in San Francisco. The major themes that emerged were gender identity, group membership, transitioning and related issues, sex work, alcohol and drug use, mental health and health care, sense of community, HIV, resources, and other support. Key clinical considerations that health providers can use to improve care of transgender individuals of color are included. PMID:20416495

  5. Science Nation: Virtual Self

    Science.gov (United States)

    An avatar is a movable image that people design to represent themselves in virtual reality environments or in cyberspace. Avatars are usually for fun and games but could avatars actually change us? Jeremy Bailenson thinks so. With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), he created the Virtual Human Interaction Lab (VHIL) at Stanford University to study, among other things, the power avatars exert on their real world masters. Sometimes, avatars are designed to be ideal versions of their creators, and there's now evidence that the virtual reality persona begins to influence the real life persona.

  6. The virtual Haken conjecture

    CERN Document Server

    Agol, Ian; Manning, Jason

    2012-01-01

    We prove that cubulated hyperbolic groups are virtually special. The proof relies on results of Haglund and Wise which also imply that they are linear groups, and quasi-convex subgroups are separable. A consequence is that closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds have finite-sheeted Haken covers, which resolves the virtual Haken question of Waldhausen and Thurston's virtual fibering question. An appendix to this paper by Agol, Groves, and Manning proves a generalization of the main result of "Residual finiteness, QCERF and fillings of hyperbolic groups".

  7. Exploring socio-cultural factors that mediate, facilitate, & constrain the health and empowerment of refugee youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edge, Sara; Newbold, K Bruce; McKeary, Marie

    2014-09-01

    Studies on youth health and well-being are predominantly quantitative and expert-driven with less attention given to how youth understand what it means to be healthy themselves and the role of socio-cultural factors in shaping this. Knowledge on the perceptions and experiences of refugee youth is particularly lacking and notable given their unique stressors related to migratory, settlement and integration experiences. We contribute a better understanding of how refugee youth themselves define and contextualize health, with particular emphasis given to socio-cultural factors that enable or constrain health promotion efforts and individual health agency. This research was undertaken at a downtown drop-in centre in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada that provided settlement and integration services to newcomer youth. We employ a grounded theory approach and draw upon participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Twenty-six youth (age 18-25 years), representing 12 different countries of origin participated. The youth defined health very broadly touching upon many typical determinants of health (e.g. education, income, etc.). Yet factors of most importance (as demonstrated by the frequency and urgency in which they were discussed by youth) included a sense of belonging, positive self-identity, emotional well-being, and sense of agency or self-determination. We conceptualize these as "mediating" factors given the youth argued they enabled or constrained their ability to cope with adversities related to other health determinant categories. The youth also discussed what we interpret as "facilitators" that encourage mediating factors to manifest positively (e.g. informal, non-biomedical settings and programs that nurture trust, break down access barriers, and promote a sense of community amongst peers, mentors, and health professionals). When creating health promotion strategies for refugee youth (and perhaps youth more generally) it is important to understand the factors that may mediate the magnitude of effects from various risks/stressors, in addition to those which facilitate health agency. PMID:25036014

  8. A successful faculty development program for implementing a sociocultural ePortfolio assessment tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlman, Rachel L; Christner, Jennifer; Ross, Paula T; Lypson, Monica L

    2014-02-01

    Portfolios are emerging as a tool for documenting learning progression and assessing competency. ePortfolios are appealing as a portable and fluid means of documenting both learning and relevant experiences in a large number of students. Competence and learning can be especially difficult to document in important aspects of education and training, such as patient-centeredness, the cultural context of disease, and social determinants of health that do not lend themselves to fact-based assessment methods. Successful implementation of a method such as an ePortfolio requires explicit faculty development, as many faculty members have limited expertise with modern educational assessment technology. As part of the authors' introduction of a Sociocultural ePortfolio Assessment Tool in the undergraduate medical curriculum, three faculty development workshops were held to expand faculty skills in using this technology. In addition to gaining comfort using a new Web-based technology, faculty members also needed to develop skills with providing mentored feedback and stimulating student reflection. Workshops were modeled after other successful programs reported in the literature and allowed faculty to develop a structured format for evaluating student content. Faculty members were given multiple opportunities to practice their newly developed skills providing mentored reflections using an ePortfolio. The workshop evaluations were positive, suggesting that faculty participation in the workshops were a necessary component for them to develop sufficient assessment skills for providing mentored reflection. Faculty members who participated in this program-whether or not they had content expertise in sociocultural medicine-valued the hands-on faculty development program. PMID:24362374

  9. Socio-cultural impacts of construction and regulation of the waterway of Oulujoki river

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of study was to clarify the socio-cultural impacts of the regulation and construction of Oulujoki river on the everyday life of people. Changes in work and livelihood, living and living satisfaction, and leisure time and recreation are considered as variables. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in the study. The principal study material is composed of answers to a questionnaire and of 109 thematic interviews on the topic. The hold of the study is phenomenological-hermeneutical, with the intention to interpret the matter from the viewpoint of the attitudes and requirements of the waterway users. The theoretical frame of reference was culture-ecological point of view and adaptive process. The emphasis of the study is on sociocultural adaptation. The attitude towards waterway construction and regulation was dependent on the background of the person interviewed. The attitude was considered e.g. by various interest groups and professional groups, such as farmers, inhabitants on the shore, recreation users, fishermen, municipal elected officials. Other important variables were age, family stage and sex. Big local differences in the attitudes could also be found. While prevailing values in society and peoples' modes of living are changing, also the attitude towards waterway and changes caused by waterway construction has changed in the region studied. The impacts on the sources of livelihood are minor for the moment, the impacts on living satisfaction and recreations are significant. While leisure time is increasing the recreation value of waterway increases, too. At the construction stage of the river, the economical and productional advantages took priority, and then no attention was paid to recreational use

  10. Re-thinking reflection in supervision : A socio-cultural perspective on supervision in professional education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    The paper presents a socio-cultural perspective on supervision in professional education, which challenges the current reflective paradigm and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge. Reflection has moved from the margins to the mainstream in the field of supervision, especially as this is conceptualized and operationalized in professional education. In the 1980s, ideas about the importance of reflection in professional practice, and especially in professional education and learning, became prominent in the professional education and learning literature. The most frequently cited source has been Schön (1983), although many others have contributed to the Zeitgeist. Thus, from many different perspectives, researchers in the field of professional education and learning have suggested that professional practitioners and students could and should develop their work and skills by thinking critically about their actions. However, over the last twenty years, the ideas about reflective practice – what it means and how it is done – have moved away form their radical roots. The idea of reflective practice has been formalized by regulatory bodies as a way to develop the professionalism of both individual professional practitioners as students through continuing professional developmental processes. Consequently, reflection is often used as a `tool´ for personal and professional development, and practitioners and students are expected to document this, typically in some sort of written record or portfolio. Thus, reflection is often limited to assessment issues, and the original idea of reflection as a modus of critical praxis is reversed and turned into a tool for control and orthodoxy (Kilminster et al., 2010). This conceptual paper presents a critical, socio-cultural perspective on the current paradigm or dogma of reflective practice within supervision in professional education and learning. The purpose I to challenge the dogma and critically to analyze and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge.

  11. Temperature-aware virtual machine in Para Virtualization Cloud Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Vikas Kumar,

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the Para virtualization which involves modi?cation of a guest operating system (OS). Today this method is only supported for open source operating systems, limiting its applicability. However, par virtualization provides higher performance than full virtualization in performance because it does not need to trap and translate every OS call. Here temperature aware virtual machine can be implemented in Para virtualized cloud environment and provides the details of hardware...

  12. Setting up virtual private network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Setting up virtual private network for business enterprise provides a low cost network foundation, increases enterprise's network function and enlarges its private scope. The text introduces virtual private network's principal, privileges and protocols that use in virtual private network. At last, this paper introduces several setting up virtual private network's technologies which based on LAN

  13. Corporate Consumer Contact API

    General Services Administration — The data in the Corporate Consumer Contact API is based on the content you can find in the Corporate Consumer Contact listing in the Consumer Action Handbook (PDF)....

  14. Multiple Josephson contact interferometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interferometer (quantum interference between two parallel contacts) displays a mid connector and contacts of the same size, or contacts at which the middle one is twice the size as the other two, or a double connector and three contacts by which the middle contact carries twice the current as the other two. Also there can be provided interferometers with three and four contacts as well as with symmetrical double current connectors and the same largest Josephson current through all contacts. Because all contacts display the same phase state in the voltage free switching state, the amplification property can be increased and current dissipation can be decreased in a way that logic circuits with high integration degree and high switching velocities can be designed. (DG)

  15. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Ophthalmologist? Your Eyes & the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health ... about the members of the eye-care team . Consumer warning about the improper use of colored contact ...

  16. Glasses and Contact Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... together the way they should. But eyeglasses or contact lenses, also called corrective lenses, can help most people ... trouble, it's often a refractive problem. Glasses or contact lenses work so well because they can correct refractive ...

  17. Buying Cosmetic Contact Lenses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Related Items Prescriptions for Eye Glasses and Contact Lenses Buying Health Products and Services Online All contact lenses — even purely cosmetic ones — require a prescription. Anyone who sells you lenses without your ...

  18. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During ... Eye Protection Eyesight Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Water & Contacts Don’ ...

  19. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing ... Halloween Hazard: The Hidden Dangers of Buying Colored Contact Lenses Without a Prescription It started as an ...

  20. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing ... Halloween Hazard: The Hidden Dangers of Buying Colored Contact Lenses Without a Prescription It started as an ...

  1. Virtual Class Support at the Virtual Machine Level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anders Bach; Ernst, Erik

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes how virtual classes can be supported in a virtual machine.  Main-stream virtual machines such as the Java Virtual Machine and the .NET platform dominate the world today, and many languages are being executed on these virtual machines even though their embodied design choices conflict with the design choices of the virtual machine.  For instance, there is a non-trivial mismatch between the main-stream virtual machines mentioned above and dynamically typed languages.  One language concept that creates an even greater mismatch is virtual classes, in particular because fully general support for virtual classes requires generation of new classes at run-time by mixin composition.  Languages like CaesarJ and ObjectTeams can express virtual classes restricted to the subset that does not require run-time generation of classes, because of the restrictions imposed by the Java Virtual Machine. We have chosen to support virtual classes by implementing a specialized virtual machine, and this paper describes how this virtual machine supports virtual classes with full generality.

  2. Cosmic Contact Censorship

    OpenAIRE

    Vaidya, Pushkar Ganesh

    2007-01-01

    Till date we have not made Contact with any Extraterrestrial civilizations. The Fermi Paradox remains a paradox - the Great Silence prevails. In the light of the Rare Earth hypothesis, it seems that advanced life is exceedingly rare in the universe. Also, if there does exist some Extraterrestrial civilizations then still achieving Contact is extremely difficult as the very nature of the universe discourages Contact. It's as if there is a Cosmic Contact Censorship in place.

  3. Contact lens in keratoconus

    OpenAIRE

    Rathi, Varsha M.; Mandathara, Preeji S.; Dumpati, Srikanth

    2013-01-01

    Contact lenses are required for the visual improvement in patients with keratoconus. Various contact lens options, such as rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses, soft and soft toric lenses, piggy back contact lenses (PBCL), hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are availble. This article discusses about selection of a lens depending on the type of keratoconus and the fitting philosophies of various contact lenses including the starting trial lens. A Medline search was carried out for articles in the En...

  4. Contact Lenses - A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Dada V; Sharma Rajiv

    1987-01-01

    A review of recent literature on contact lenses shows increasingly more studies on soft contact lenses than PMMA hard lenses The articles on contact lens wear and ulcerative keratitis have highlighted the increased risk of microbial keratitis in contact lens wearers compared to the general population, higher virulence of pathogens isolated and special association of fungi with EWSCL This high risk is due to multiple factors, organism survival in moist lens cases and cleaning solutions, microt...

  5. New Cosmetic Contact Allergens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    An Goossens

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Allergic and photo-allergic contact dermatitis, and immunologic contact urticaria are potential immune-mediated adverse effects from cosmetics. Fragrance components and preservatives are certainly the most frequently observed allergens; however, all ingredients must be considered when investigating for contact allergy.

  6. Coral contact dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jefferson, Julie; Thompson, Curtis; Hinshaw, Molly; Rich, Phoebe

    2015-01-01

    Corals can elicit both toxic and allergic reactions upon contact with the skin. Clinical presentations vary depending on whether the reaction is acute, delayed, or chronic. Literature concerning cutaneous reactions to corals and other Cnidarians is scarce. Herein we report a case of delayed contact hypersensitivity reaction to coral and review the clinical and histopathological features of coral contact dermatitis. PMID:25933077

  7. Going Virtual, Getting Real.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alford, Randall J.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an account of how one company went completely virtual--no office at all--and reaped the eventual rewards. Describes implementation processes, communication challenges, and customer reactions. (JOW)

  8. Virtual Compton scattering ???'p'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Virtual Compton scattering allows us to measure for the first time the generalized polarizabilities of the proton. The experimental method used to extract these new observables is presented as well as some preliminary results obtained at MAMI. (authors)

  9. Virtual Machine in Automation Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Xiaoyuan

    2010-01-01

    Virtual machine, as an engineering tool, has recently been introduced into automation projects in Tetra Pak Processing System AB. The goal of this paper is to examine how to better utilize virtual machine for the automation projects. This paper designs different project scenarios using virtual machine. It analyzes installability, performance and stability of virtual machine from the test results. Technical solutions concerning virtual machine are discussed such as the conversion with physical...

  10. Survey on virtual machine security

    OpenAIRE

    Bright Prabahar P ,Bijolin Edwin E

    2012-01-01

    Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual) version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS), storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to ...

  11. Virtual Health Library – Nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel CF da Cruz

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The Virtual Health Library – Nursing is as the broad of scientific and technical knowledge based in health-entered, organized, and stored in electronic format universally accessible on the WWW and compatible with international databases. The information sources are generated, updated, stored, and manipulated on the Internet by scholars in a decentralized manner using common methodologies for their integration into the Virtual Health Library- Nursing.

  12. Virtual Courseware: Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    This interactive exercise lets students investigate how seismic waves are used to locate the epicenter of an earthquake and determine its magnitude. They will place virtual seismic stations on an interactive map, trigger a virtual explosion, and measure the difference in arrival times of S- and P-waves generated by the explosion. Using this data, they can determine the distance to each station and use triangulation to determine the epicenter of the earthquake.

  13. Securing Virtualized Datacenters

    OpenAIRE

    Mirzoev, Dr. Timur; Yang, Dr. Baijian

    2014-01-01

    Virtualization is a very popular solution to many problems in datacenter management. It offers increased utilization of existing system resources through effective consolidation, negating the need for more servers and additional rack space. Furthermore, it offers essential capabilities in terms of disaster recovery and potential savings on energy and maintenance costs. However, these benefits may be tempered by the increased complexities of securing virtual infrastructure. D...

  14. Realidade Virtual e Educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariluci Braga

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The autor discuss Virtual Reality concepts and your aplication in School education considering the primary caracteristics and its bases needed for an optimized use of its pontencial allowing the students to discover, exploite and construc your own knowledge. The constant evolution of tecnology is helping Education in new trends of work enphatizing the use of new tools, revolutionizing the teaching/learning process. Virtual Reality has and will continue to have decisive rol in this evolutionary scenario.

  15. The Virtual Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rick Ferdig

    2008-01-01

    Virtual schooling offers students the opportunity to enroll in a science course not taught at their home school or school district, interact with expert instructors in a particular field, and gain access to subject matter they may have otherwise missed (i.e., teenage moms, home-schooled students, expelled students, etc.). This chapter examines best teaching practices emerging within this new field and showcases specific examples of how various technologies are used within virtual science classrooms.

  16. Identification with virtual teams

    OpenAIRE

    Hakonen, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Virtual teams, that is groups of people striving toward a common goal, dispersed across many locations, and communicating with each other predominantly via information and communication technology have become increasingly common forms of organizing work. Globalization, the need to be near customers and the rapid development of technology have enabled and driven this development. The number of studies on virtual teams is increasing but many phenomena are still understudied, especially in real-...

  17. Adaptivenes in Virtual Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Qureshi, S.; Vogel, D.

    2000-01-01

    Computer supported teams are capturing the attention of academics and practitioners as organisations increasingly put them into practice as virtual teams. The practical relevance of current research into computer supported teams could be increased if greater attention is paid to organisational challenges as they form the context within which virtual teamwork takes place. A model of organisational challenges mapped against processes of adaptation is developed to highlight principle factors aff...

  18. Virtual Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Dillenbourg, Pierre; Schneider, Daniel; Synteta, Paraskevi

    2002-01-01

    Is the concept of 'virtual learning environment' just a popular label to describe any educational software? No, the concept includes several interesting features that justify the use of a specific label. We review these features in the first part of our contribution. Do these features guarantee pedagogical effects? No, we review in the second some potential contributions of virtual learning environments.Turning potential effects into actual outcomes is the challenge of designers.

  19. "Child Divorce": A Break from Parental Responsibilities and Rights Due to the Traditional Socio-Cultural Practices and Beliefs of the Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Bekink

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In a recent ground-breaking case the South African courts were for the first time requested to use their discretion to interfere in the parent-child relationship due to the traditional socio-cultural beliefs of the parents. In what has been described as "every parent's nightmare; the fancy of many teenagers", a 16 year-old schoolgirl from Milerton in the Western Cape asked to be "freed" from her parents to live semi-independently from them because of her unhappiness with the conservative manner in which her parents treated her. After considering the matter the judge assigned to the case granted her request to live semi-independently with a school friend and her family (called by the judge the host family until she reaches the age of 18 (her majority. Her parents were accorded permission to have limited contact with her. This case represents an example of the difficulties involved when balancing the rights of a teenager against those of the parents in matters of socio-cultural practice and belief. In a multi-cultural society such as South Africa the case raises numerous serious questions for other families. For instance, what standards will a court use to determine if parents are too conservative in bringing up their children and what factors will be taken into account? How much freedom and autonomy should children be given? How will courts prevent children from misusing the system just to get what their friends have, and - the ultimate question - are the rights of children superior to the traditional rights of parents in matters of socio-cultural practice, with specific reference to their upbringing? In this context it is the aim of this contribution to focus primarily on the questions asked above. Possible solutions for striking a balance between the rights of children and their parents are explored. The submission is made that the best interests principle is still the most important factor to be taken into account when balancing or weighing competing rights and interests concerning children. The principle of the best interests of the child, the founding principle of children's rights, however, is anchored in the family, and any break between the two should be carefully considered. It is concluded that in an attempt to resolve disputes between parents and their children the relevant provisions of the Constitution and the Children's Act must be considered and must be balanced and tested in relation to each other for constitutional consistency and compliance. It is also submitted that caution should be taken by the legislative framework not to encourage children to break the parent-child relationship on a mere whim, as an overemphasis of children's rights might result in the dilution of the sense of the value of the family in society.

  20. On the 3D normal tire/off-road vibro-contact problem with friction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munteanu, Ligia; Chiroiu, Veturia; Bri?an, Cornel; Dumitriu, Dan; Sireteanu, Tudor; Petre, Simona

    2015-03-01

    In this paper, a virtual experiment concerning driving on off-roads is investigated via 3D normal vibro-contact problem with friction. The dynamic road concept is introduced in order to characterize a particular stretch of road by total longitudinal, lateral, and normal forces and their geometric distributions in the contact patches. The off-road profiles are built by image sonification technique. The cross-sectional curves of off-roads before and after deformation, the contact between the tire and the road, the distribution of contact and friction forces in the contact domain, the natural frequencies and modes when the tire is in ground contact, are estimated. The approach is exercised on two particular problems and results compare favorably to existing analytical and numerical solutions. The feasibility of image sonification technique is useful to build a low-cost virtual reality environment with an increased degree of realism for driving simulators and higher user flexibility.

  1. Interpretations of virtual reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voiskounsky, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    University students were surveyed to learn what they know about virtual realities. The two studies were administered with a half-year interval in which the students (N=90, specializing either in mathematics and science, or in social science and humanities) were asked to name particular examples of virtual realities. The second, but not the first study, was administered after the participants had the chance to see the movie "Avatar" (no investigation was held into whether they really saw it). While the students in both studies widely believed that activities such as social networking and online gaming represent virtual realities, some other examples provided by the students in the two studies differ: in the second study the participants expressed a better understanding of the items related to virtual realities. At the same time, not a single participant reported particular psychological states (either regular or altered) as examples of virtual realities. Profound popularization efforts need to be done to acquaint the public, including college students, with virtual realities and let the public adequately understand how such systems work. PMID:21685638

  2. Contact lens in keratoconus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varsha M Rathi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Contact lenses are required for the visual improvement in patients with keratoconus. Various contact lens options, such as rigid gas permeable (RGP lenses, soft and soft toric lenses, piggy back contact lenses (PBCL, hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are availble. This article discusses about selection of a lens depending on the type of keratoconus and the fitting philosophies of various contact lenses including the starting trial lens. A Medline search was carried out for articles in the English language with the keywords keratoconus and various contact lenses such as Rose k lens, RGP lens, hybrid lens, scleral lens and PBCL.

  3. Virtual data in CMS production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: (1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, (2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, (3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location and existence independent plan, (4) a Concrete Planner, which maps an abstract, logical plan onto concrete, physical grid resources accounting for staging in/out files and publishing results to a replica location service. A CMS Workflow Planner, MCRunJob, is used to generate virtual data products using the Virtual Data Language. Subsequently, a prototype workflow manager, known as WorkRunner, is used to schedule the instantiation of virtual data products across a grid

  4. Availability Model for Virtualized Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiri Hlavacek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Network virtualization is a method of providing virtual instances of physical networks. Virtualized networks are widely used with virtualized servers, forming a powerful dynamically reconfigurable platform. In this paper we discuss the impact of network virtualization on the overall system availability. We describe a system reflecting the network architecture usually deployed in today’s data centres. The proposed system is modelled using Markov chains and fault trees. We compare the availability of virtualized system using standard physique network with the availability of virtualized system using virtualized network. Network virtualization introduces a new software layer to the network architecture. The proposed availability model integrates software failures in addition to the hardware failures. Based on the estimated numerical failure rates, we analyse system’s availability.

  5. Los esquemas de certificacion de playas turisticas en America Latina: Evaluación del componente socio-cultural y el nivel participativo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Seweryn, Zielinski; Marlenny, Díaz Cano.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las playas turísticas son recursos costeros de alta importancia ambiental y económica. Los esquemas de certificación de playas turísticas (ECP) han sido creados para proteger estos recursos, a su vez promoviendo alto nivel de calidad turística. No obstante, las playas en América Latina muchas veces [...] son la fuente principal de ingresos de las comunidades costeras, que por el derecho de uso del bien público deben ser considerados en la gestión. Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de evaluar el componente socio-cultural y el nivel de participación en los ECP Latinoamericanos en dos niveles de análisis. Primero, a través de los objetivos socio-culturales y de participación del Manejo Integrado Costero (MIC), se definieron los niveles de participación e inclusión de los aspectos sociales de los nueve ECP en América Latina. Segundo, bajo el enfoque de las políticas públicas se analizaron los tipos de participación presentes en cada ECP. En resultado, los ECP Latinoamericanos se caracterizan por un fuerte enfoque arriba-abajo (top-down). Los ECP son poco participativos, abarcando principalmente las cuestiones ambientales y de calidad turística. Las debilidades en el tema de aspectos socio-culturales y de participación son evidentes, lo que pone en cuestión la efectividad de los ECP como una herramienta para la gestión sostenible. Abstract in english Evaluation of the Socio-Cultural Component and Participation Level in Latin American Tourist Beach Certification Schemes. The tourism beaches are coastal resources of great environmental and economic importance. The beach tourism certification schemes have been created to protect those resources, at [...] the same time promoting high level of tourism quality. However, the Latin American beaches are often the principal source of income for coastal communities that for the right to use the public mean should be considered in the management. This work has an objective to evaluate the socio-cultural component and level of community participation in Latin American beach certifications through two level analyses. First, through socio-cultural and participative objectives of Integrated Coastal Management, the levels of participation and inclusion of socio-cultural aspects were defined in the nine beach certifications. Second, under the approach of public policies, the types of participation in each certification scheme were analyzed. In conclusion, the Latin American beach certification schemes are characterized by strong top-down approach. The certifications are little participative, focusing mainly on environmental and tourism quality issues. The weaknesses in the subject of socio-cultural aspects and community participation are evident, which puts in question the effectiveness of beach certifications as a tool for sustainable management.

  6. Contact Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A - D Contact dermatitis Signs and symptoms Contact dermatitis: Signs and symptoms Allergic contact dermatitis : Testing revealed ... symptoms, you need immediate medical care. Allergic contact dermatitis This skin condition occurs when you have an ...

  7. Sutures and contact homology I

    OpenAIRE

    Colin, Vincent; Ghiggini, Paolo; Honda, Ko; Hutchings, Michael

    2010-01-01

    We define a relative version of contact homology for contact manifolds with convex boundary, and prove basic properties of this relative contact homology. Similar considerations also hold for embedded contact homology.

  8. A correção em língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e as crenças de professores sobre o assunto / Correcting foreign-language students from a sociocultural perspective and from teachers' beliefs

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tarsila Rubin, Battistella; Marília dos Santos, Lima.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo é discutir o feedback corretivo na aula de língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Fatores afetivos são também considerados no processo corretivo. Quatro professores de línguas estrangeiras foram entrevistados para evidenciar suas [...] crenças sobre o processo de correção em sala de aula. Os professores demonstraram uma atitude positiva sobre a correção, considerando-a como um fator que pode estimular o desenvolvimento dos alunos. Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to discuss corrective feedback in foreign language classrooms from a sociocultural perspective (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Affective factors are also considered in the discussion of the corrective process. Four foreign language teachers were interviewed on their beliefs abou [...] t corrections in the classroom. The teachers showed a positive attitude towards correction, which was seen as a factor that can stimulate learner development.

  9. Da educação: do jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi = Education: of the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo em questão se detém na análise da educação por meio da mensagem do filme Coach Carter - Treino para a Vida (2005, que acena com o paradoxo da democratização do ensino e converge para as fronteiras que assinalam a função da escola e o papel do educador, sublinhando o jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi que perfazem o referido processo.The article in question focuses on the analysis of education through the message of the movie Coach Carter - Training for Life (2005, which features the paradox of the democratization of education and converges to the boundaries that mark the function of the school and the role of the educator, stressing the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi that make up that process.

  10. Virtual Transfer Factors

    CERN Document Server

    Gordon, J; Gordon, Julia; Hales, Thomas C.

    2002-01-01

    The Langlands-Shelstad transfer factor is a function defined on some reductive groups over a p-adic field. Near the origin of the group, it may be viewed as a function on the Lie algebra. For classical groups, its values have the form q^c s, where s is -1, 0, or 1, q is the cardinality of the residue field, and c is a rational number. The function s partitions the Lie algebra into three subsets. This article shows that this partition into three subsets is independent of the p-adic field in the following sense. We define three universal objects (virtual sets in the sense of Quine) such that for any p-adic field F of sufficiently large residue characteristic, the F-points of these three virtual sets form the partition. The theory of arithmetic motivic integration associates a virtual Chow motive with each of the three virtual sets. The construction in this article achieves the first step in a long program to determine the (still conjectural) virtual Chow motives that control the behavior of orbital integrals.

  11. Animación sociocultural, desarrollo comunitario versus educación para el desarrollo: una experiencia integradora en educación superior / Socio-cultural animation and community development vs. education for development: an innovative experience in higher education / Animação sociocultural, desenvolvimento comunitário e educação para o desenvolvimento: uma experiência inovadora em educação superior

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Itahisa, Pérez-Pérez.

    Full Text Available O novo Espaço Europeu de Ensino Superior (EEES) supôs uma adaptação nos métodos de ensino-aprendizagem, passando de um modelo educativo baseado no ensino para um modelo baseado na aprendizagem. Desse jeito, o professorado fica em segundo plano e o papel principal recai nos. Este trabalho está focado [...] numa experiência integradora, e ao mesmo tempo inovadora, nesta faculdade; trata-se de vincular na aula três disciplinas afins: a animação sociocultural, o desenvolvimento comunitário e a educação para o desenvolvimento. Tudo enquadrado numa metodologia participativa desenvolvendo a competência de trabalho em equipe e outorgando assim um papel protagonista ao estudante. Esta experiência é desenvolvida na matéria "Estratégias educativas para animação sociocultural e desenvolvimento comunitário", no segundo ano do grau em Educação social no curso acadêmico 2011/2012 na Universidade Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España. Abstract in spanish El nuevo Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES) ha supuesto una adaptación en los métodos de enseñanza-aprendizaje, pasando de un modelo educativo basado en la enseñanza a un modelo basado en el aprendizaje. Así, el profesorado pasa a un segundo plano y el rol principal recae en el alumnado. E [...] l presente artículo se centra en una experiencia integradora, y a la vez novedosa, en nuestra facultad; se trata de vincular en clase tres disciplinas afines: la animación sociocultural, el desarrollo comunitario y la educación para el desarrollo. Esta vinculación se realiza por medio de una metodología participativa que desarrolla la competencia de trabajo en equipo y otorga un papel protagonista al estudiante. La experiencia se desarrolla en la asignatura "Estrategias educativas para la animación sociocultural y el desarrollo comunitario", en el segundo del grado de Educación social, curso académico 2011/2012, en la Universidad Pablo de Olavide, en Sevilla, España. Abstract in english The new European Space of Higher Education (ESHE) has implied an adaptation in the methods of the teaching and learning process, passing from an educational model based on teaching to a model based on learning. Thus, faculty moves to the background and the main role falls on the student body. This a [...] rticle is centered on a conciliatory experience (also novel in our faculty) of linking three related disciplines in the classroom: sociocultural animation, community development and education for development. All of this is framed in a participative methodology, developing the competency of teamwork and thus giving students a featuring role. This experience is developed in the course "Educational strategies for sociocultural animation adn community development" in the second term of the degree in the Social Education in the 2011/2012 academic course in the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España.

  12. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care Systems & Solutions Decorative Contact Lenses Children & Contact Lenses Information for Specific Groups Contact Lens Wearers Parents Eye ...

  13. Servicios virtuales de información / Virtual Information Services

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Judith, Paredes Ch; Edixson, Caldera M.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La elevada demanda de información y la necesidad de socializar el conocimiento que se genera en la Universidad del Zulia, fundamentan el objetivo del presente estudio, donde las exigencias para cubrir de forma oportuna los requerimientos de una sociedad en constante transformación, exige de servicio [...] s competitivos enmarcados en procesos interactivos, accesibles y efectivos; mediante el uso de las tecnologías de información y comunicación (TIC). En la investigación, se consideró el análisis de fuentes documentales; así como, el tratamiento estadístico de datos compilados a través de encuestas dirigidas a los usuarios de los servicios de información adscritos al Sistema de Archivo e Información (SAILUZ) y a los Servicios Bibliotecarios y de Información (SERBILUZ) con el fin de conocer el grado de familiaridad que ellos tienen con el uso de TICs. Los resultados, demuestran que los servicios de información virtuales son soportes estratégicos para la proyección de la información académica administrativa universitaria. Se concluye, que las fortalezas y estrategias orientadas a los desarrollos de sistemas de información, sitios web y el fortalecimiento de las redes de información universitarias se constituyen en los componentes de soporte para la consolidación y eficiencia de los servicios virtuales. Abstract in english The high information demand and the need to socialize knowledge that is generated at Universidad del Zulia, sustain the goal of this article, where the exigencies to cover the requirements of a society in constant transformation, demands competitive services framed in interactive, accessible and eff [...] ective processes, through the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). In this research, we considered the analysis of documentary sources, as well as the statistical treatment of data compiled through surveys directed to the users of information services ascribed to the System of Archives and Information (SAILUZ) and Library and Information Services (SERBILUZ), with the purpose of knowing the degree of familiarity that they have with the use of ICTs. The results prove that the virtual information services are strategic supports for the projection of academic university academic administrative information. As a conclusion, we state that the strengths and strategies orientated towards the development of information systems, web sites and the strengthening of information networks are constituted in support components for the consolidation and efficiency of virtual services.

  14. Interaction between Translators’ Activities and Target Socio-Cultural Context ------A Case Study of Translation in Late Qing Dynasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingyan ZHU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The target-oriented theories in cultural turn, based on the theoretical foundation that translation is a process subject to differing socio-historical conditions, provide us a wide scope to re-observe translators’ activities as well as their interaction with the target socio-cultural context. Aiming to have a deep understanding of this type of interaction, this paper examines the translation activities in late Qing dynasty inChina. By presenting a general picture about the translation practice in late Qing dynasty, this paper looks into how the late Qing translators interact with the socio-cultural constraints and how their translation activities counteract to the target culture. 

  15. Virtual water: Virtuous impact? : the unsteady state of virtual water

    OpenAIRE

    D. Roth; Warner, J F

    2008-01-01

    “Virtual water,” water needed for crop production, is now being mainstreamed in the water policy world. Relying on virtual water in the form of food imports is increasingly recommended as good policy for water-scarce areas. Virtual water globalizes discussions on water scarcity, ecological sustainability, food security and consumption. Presently the concept is creating much noise in the water and food policy world, which contributes to its politicization. We will argue that the virtual wa...

  16. Introduction to contact mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer-Cripps, Anthony C

    2000-01-01

    Contact mechanics deals with the elastic or plastic contact between two solid objects, and is thus intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity.This text, intended for advanced undergraduates, begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and fractures in brittle solids.This is followed by a detailed discussion of stresses and the nature of elastic and elastic-plastic contact.

  17. Contact Path Geometries

    OpenAIRE

    Fox, Daniel J. F.

    2005-01-01

    Contact path geometries are curved geometric structures on a contact manifold comprising smooth families of paths modeled on the family of all isotropic lines in the projectivization of a symplectic vector space. Locally such a structure is equivalent to the graphs in the space of independent and depedent variables of the family of solutions of a system of an odd number of second order ODE's subject to a single maximally non-integrable constraint. A subclass of contact path ...

  18. ATLAS Virtual Visits

    CERN Document Server

    Goldfarb, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS Virtual Visits is a project initiated in 2011 for the Education & Outreach program of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN. Its goal is to promote public appreciation of the LHC physics program and particle physics, in general, through direct dialogue between ATLAS physicists and remote audiences. A Virtual Visit is an IP-based videoconference, coupled with a public webcast and video recording, between ATLAS physicists and remote locations around the world, that typically include high school or university classrooms, Masterclasses, science fairs, or other special events, usually hosted by collaboration members. Over the past two years, more than 10,000 people, from all of the world’s continents, have actively participated in ATLAS Virtual Visits, with many more enjoying the experience from the publicly available webcasts and recordings. We present an overview of our experience and discuss potential development for the future.

  19. Virtual-World Naturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Reynolds

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Sometimes a player will stray from the path described by a game, moving into new spaces, developing new possible modes of interaction, and often discovering the rougher edges of the game world, where physics models break down, textures become incongruous, and the pieces don’t quite fit together. Gameplay that seeks out these spaces and these phenomena, that searches for such clues to the underlying construction of the virtual environment, is a kind of virtual-world naturalism, at once a return to an investigative urge that has been subsumed to the exhaustive mapping and description of the real world and a form of resistance to the very idea of pre-defined paths of action, of externally imposed limits, in virtual worlds as well as in our own.

  20. First Indico Virtual Event

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    The first Indico virtual event will take place on February 4th 15:00 and will focus on two main topics The release of Indico v1.2 The migration of the OO Indico backend database (ZODB) to a more standard DBMS It will be fully virtual using the CERN Vidyo service and will foster discussions between developers and administrators of Indico servers worldwide. Connections to the virtual room will be open, but attendees are encouraged to register to the event, in order to be informed of any changes in the organisation if any. If you would like to add a topic of discussion or propose yourself a contribution, please let us know at indico-team@cern.ch. Connection to Vidyo Vidyo connection details are available here CERN Vidyo service documentation can be found here First-time users are encouraged to try the service before connecting to the real event

  1. Socio-Cultural Practices and Male Involvement in Reducing Maternal Mortality in Rural Ghana. The Case of Savelugu/Nanton District of the Northern Region of Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabila Abass

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Passive male involvement in combating maternal mortality is rooted in socio-cultural practices and attempts to increase male participation in reducing maternal mortality have proven to be a daunting task. This study examined the effects of socio-cultural practices on male involvement in reducing maternal mortality in rural Ghana. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected for the study. The main methods used in data collection were structured interviews, focus group discussion and direct observation. The research revealed that male involvement in reducing maternal mortality was low. Polygamous marriages, the practice of “Dog kuli” and social stigma, are among the key socio-cultural practices that inhibit male involvement in reducing maternal mortality. The research notes that intensive public education, an increase in couple-friendly maternal health care services and increased engagement with traditional authorities on the need to modify some socio-cultural practices would help whip up male partners’ interest in promoting maternal health.

  2. User and virtual organisation support in EGEE

    CERN Document Server

    Donno, Flavia

    2006-01-01

    User and virtual organisation support in EGEE Providing adequate user support in a grid environment is a very challenging task due to the distributed nature of the grid. The variety of users and the variety of Virtual Organizations (VO) with a wide range of applications in use add further to the challenge. The people asking for support are of various kinds. They can be generic grid beginners, users belonging to a given Virtual Organization and dealing with a specific set of applications, site administrators operating grid services and local computing infrastructures, grid monitoring operators who check the status of the grid and need to contact the specific site to report problems; to this list can be added network specialists and others. Wherever a user is located and whatever the problem experienced is, a user expects from a support infrastructure a given set of services. A non-exhaustive list is the following: a) a single access point for support; b) a portal with a well structured sources of information a...

  3. Influence of socio-cultural environment on development of childrens musical talents in 2nd trienium of primary school

    OpenAIRE

    Antolin, Petra

    2014-01-01

    The thesis examines the impact of socio-cultural environment on the development of musical talent among pupils in the 2nd three years of primary school. Thesis begins with a closer look at the definition of giftedness, which may be general or specific (partial). Specific giftedness means that children achieve above-average results in one area only, while general gifted children achieve above-average results in multiple different areas. The characteristics of gifted pupils which distinguish th...

  4. Socio-cultural Education in the Early Childhood Period via Examples of Art Which Belong to Turkish Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Cos?kun Keski?n, Sevgi; Kirtel, Ays?egu?l

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to set an example for the possibility of giving socio-cultural education in the early childhood period via examples of art which belong to Turkish culture.  At the present time, cultural values change and reduce their effectiveness together with globalization.  For this reason, it is necessary for the individual to know and internalize the culture in which s/he takes part beginning from the early childhood period so that cultural values can get through globalization period w...

  5. Socio-cultural viability of international intervention in war-torn societies : a case study of Bosnia Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Sahovic, Dzenan

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation explores the ‘socio-cultural dilemma’ facing international peacebuilders in war-torn societies through a case study of the post-conflict process in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is done with the help of a typological approach of the grid-group Cultural Theory framework, which defines four social solidarities – or ideal type cultures – of individualism, egalitarianism, fatalism and hierarchy. A central argument in the thesis is that international intervention is cultur...

  6. The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa; Clay Hutama Basera

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws). We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam), how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared...

  7. Socio-cultural contexts affecting the export of education: the case of Finnish primary schools and the United Arab Emirates

    OpenAIRE

    Hadid, Rima

    2013-01-01

    The Finnish education system is known as one of the best performing systems in the world. This has raised a significant international interest, making the export of the Finnish know-how in education a good business opportunity. This thesis considers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a target market for the export of Finnish primary education and analyzes the business environment particularly from socio-cultural aspects to shed more light on what to consider ahead before venturing in that area...

  8. A review of the barriers and socio-cultural factors Influencing the access to maternal health care services in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Obasi, Ebere Zepherinus

    2013-01-01

    Access means that services are available whenever and wherever the patient needs them and that the point of entry is defined. Access to maternal healthcare facility is vital for both the wellbeing of the mother and survival of the child during pregnancy and childbirth. The objective of the thesis was to review the barriers and socio-cultural factors influencing the access to maternal healthcare services in Nigeria. “The review answered the following questions:” What factors prevent...

  9. Socio-cultural perceptions and practices of dietary choices with focus on fat intake in middle aged

    OpenAIRE

    Dawes, Twinkle

    2006-01-01

    ABSTRACT Socio-cultural perceptions and practices of dietary choices with focus on fat intake in middle aged Pakistani women in Oslo ? a qualitative study Introduction: The nutritional transition has resulted globally in dietary changes, of which high intake of fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates are some of the main characteristics. This has resulted in increase in lifestyle diseases like type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease. In Norway, a dramatic increase of type 2 Diabetes has bee...

  10. THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIOCULTURAL ROLE OF LIVESTOCK IN THE WELLBEING OF RURAL COMMUNITIES OF TIMOR-LESTE

    OpenAIRE

    Bettencourt, Elisa Maria Varela; Tilman, Mário; Henriques, Pedro Damião de Sousa; Narciso, Vanda; Carvalho, Maria Leonor da Silva

    2013-01-01

    The livestock species play very important economic and socio-cultural roles for the wellbeing of rural households, such as food supply, source of income, asset saving, source of employment, soil fertility, livelihoods, transport, agricultural traction, agricultural diversification and sustainable agricultural production. The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the different roles that livestock and livestock species play in rural communities of Timor-Leste, highli...

  11. Sociocultural factors influencing decision-making related to fertility among the Kanuri tribe of north-eastern Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Kullima, Abubakar A.; Mairiga, Abdulkarim G.; Babagana Bako; Kolo, Mustapha A.

    2010-01-01

    Background: The Kanuri tribe is found in the Lake Chad basin. However, the majority of the tribe lives in Borno State, Nigeria. Before this study was undertaken, factors related to fertility decisions among the tribe were not known.

    Objectives: This study is aimed at describing and documenting the sociocultural factors affecting decisions related to fertility among the Kanuri tribe.

    Method:<...

  12. The Ideal of Female Beauty in Two Different Cultures: Socio-Cultural Analysis of Belgian and Malaysian Print Advertisements

    OpenAIRE

    Anne De CORT

    2009-01-01

    This paper will examine to what extent cultural and social values are reflected by advertisements. Most advertisements stress the functional qualities of a product, but simultaneously they also convey implicit messages. Through these messages, advertisers can diffuse socio-cultural values such as the importance of beauty, femininity, virility, pleasure, youth, etc.A content analysis study of print advertisements for facial and body creams for women appearing in Belgian and Malaysian women’s...

  13. Elder Mistreatment among Chinese and Korean Immigrants: The Roles of Sociocultural Contexts on Perceptions and Help-Seeking Behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Yeon-Shim; KAPLAN, CELIA P.; Perez-Stable, Eliseo J

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify dimensions of elder mistreatment in Chinese and Korean immigrant communities and to increase sociocultural understanding of such mistreatment by elucidating the complexities of abuse embedded in unique social and cultural contexts. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 local professionals working primarily in Asian elderly advocacy, and six focus group discussions were conducted involving 60 community members in the San Francisco Bay area. Five d...

  14. Maternal Child Abuse and its Association with Maternal Anxiety in the Socio-Cultural Context of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Zahra Esmaeili Douki; Mohammad Reza Esmaeili; Nazanin Vaezzadeh; Reza Ali Mohammadpour5; Hamideh Azimi; Robabeh Sabbaghi; Mousa Esmaeil; Zohreh Shahhosseini

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The prevalence of parental violence has been an area of major public concern. There are few available data detailing the ways parents and other caregivers discipline children, particularly in low and middle income countries. This study focuses on the prevalence of different types of maternal child abuse and its association with maternal anxiety in the socio-cultural context of Iran.Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional study consisted of 562 mothers with the last child age...

  15. Tourism as a paradox creative sector from socio-cultural perspective: A sociological analysis on Dalyan destination

    OpenAIRE

    F. Özlem GÜZEL

    2013-01-01

    While the local people and tourists being in a confrontation is a desirable situation during the tourism activities’ which has economic income and employment creation impact, taking places on the destinations of which the starting point to be their natural and historical resources, it could emerge as a situation that creates paradoxes as well as, on the regions where the necessary socio-cultural awareness is no generated on the local people. In this context, the purpose of this study is to ...

  16. Sociocultural and educational factors in the sustainability of coastal zones : the prestige oil spill in Galicia, ten years later

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Sara C.; Alves, Fátima; Azeiteiro, Ulisses; Meira-Cartea, Pablo; Pardal, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - Environmental threats of immediate risk in areas such as coastal zones (CZ) have aroused new trends of citizenship and participatory democracy. This article intends to analyse elements within those trends, such as environmental culture; socio-political context; dynamics of social associative movement and integration of local knowledge. It also aims to contribute to an overview of the opportunities and barriers found in considering sociocultural and educational challenges in CZ. ...

  17. Occupational contact urticaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourrain, Jean Luc

    2006-02-01

    Among contact dermatosis, irritant contact dermatitis and allergic eczema are by far the most frequent. Nevertheless, concerning occupational dermatosis, contact urticaria should be not neglected. Allergy to natural rubber latex is well-known; however, many other substances found in catering jobs and in jobs involving close contact with animals or vegetables can cause allergies. Discrete forms are not rare and should be remembered during questioning of the patient, as well as during a clinical examination. Accordingly, a physician should perform the appropriate cutaneous tests--particularly prick tests--and the relevance of these tests then needs to be assessed. PMID:16461994

  18. Optical contact micrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Steven D.

    2014-08-19

    Certain examples provide optical contact micrometers and methods of use. An example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable lenses to receive an object and immobilize the object in a position. The example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable mirrors positioned with respect to the pair of lenses to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses. The example optical contact micrometer includes a microscope to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses via the mirrors; and an interferometer to obtain one or more measurements of the object.

  19. Handling power-asymmetry in interactions with infants : A comparative socio-cultural perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2013-01-01

    Interaction between adults and infants by nature constitutes a strong powerasymmetry relationship. Based on the assumption that communicative practices with infants are inseparably intertwined with broader cultural ideologies of good child care, this paper will contrast how parents in two distinct socio-cultural communities deal with power asymmetry in interactions with 3-months old infants. The study consists of a microanalysis of videotaped free play mother-infant interactions from 20 middle class families in Muenster, Germany and 20 traditional farming Nso families in Kikaikelaki, Cameroon. Analysis followed a discursive psychology approach. The focus of analysis is on how mothers handle and negotiate power-distance in these interactions and what discursive strategies they draw on. Mothers in both groups used various forms of directives and control strategies. The Muenster mothers, however, mainly used mitigated directives that can be seen as strategies to reduce the competence gap between mother and child, while the Nso mothers mainly used upgraded directives to stress the hierarchical discrepancy between mother and child. The different strategies are discussed in light of the prevailing broader cultural ideologies and the normative orientations that they reflect. Finally, the findings are discussed with regard to possible developmental consequences of these distinct cultural practices for the child. Keywords: power-asymmetry; mother-infant interaction; discursive psychology; culture; Nso farmers; Muenster middle class families

  20. Towards a Discourse for Criticism in Language Teaching: Analysis of Sociocultural Representations in Mass Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vargas Torres Margarita Rosa

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This article states that in order to exercise citizenship with responsibility, language teachers need to popularize a discourse for criticism in which students and teachers transcend tacit knowledge and common sense due to meta-cognition and argumentation and reach systematic knowledge and procedures posed by experts in the different disciplines. As illustrated inside, the source and objective of analysis by means of which this discourse can be contextualized in language teaching is the language of mass media and all the sociocultural and signifying practices that it invokes. We conclude that through the analysis of mass media it is possible to educate students with the basic knowledge and skills necessary to interact critically in the world. El artículo plantea que, con el propósito de ejercer su ciudadanía, los maestros de lenguas deben popularizar un discurso para la crítica en el cual los estudiantes y los profesores trasciendan el conocimiento tácito y el sentido común mediante la argumentación y la metacognición, y alcancen conocimiento y procedimientos sistemáticos planteados por expertos en las diferentes disciplinas. Como se ilustra en el texto, la fuente y objeto de análisis mediante el cual se contextualiza este discurso en la enseñanza de la lengua es el lenguaje de los medios de comunicación y las prácticas socioculturales y de significación que este provoca. Concluimos que a través del análisis de los medios es posible educar a los estudiantes con conocimientos y habilidades básicas necesarias para interactuar en el mundo.

  1. Diagnostic criteria for pedophilia: clinical, legal and socio-cultural issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demidova L.Yu.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the diagnostic criteria for pedophilia (paedophilic disorder in the context of developing the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases and the recently released Guide to the Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorders, 5th revision. The paper discusses the feasibility of existing criteria and their impact on clinical diagnosis, assessment of public danger and socio-cultural values. We revealed that the second diagnostic criterion excludes from the field of view of the whole spectrum of specialists psychosexual pathology, where it is expedient to provide medical care, including the prevention of the worsening of symptoms and the commission of illegal acts. We also highlighted the problem of expert diagnosis of pedophilia (paedophilic disorder, which leads to such a formulation of the criteria, as well as the unreasonableness of such a formulation in terms of the public interest. We concluded that maintaining the new classification of these diagnostic criteria unchanged is rather the result of a desire to avoid unnecessary stigmatization of individuals with pedophilia.

  2. Video Conferencing for Opening Classroom Doors in Initial Teacher Education: Sociocultural Processes of Mimicking and Improvisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiesemes, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present an alternative framework for conceptualising video-conferencing uses in initial teacher education and in Higher Education (HE more generally. This alternative framework takes into account the existing models in the field, but – based on a set of interviews conducted with teacher trainees and wider analysis of the related literature – we suggest that there is a need to add to existing models the notions of ‘mimicking’ (copying practice and improvisation (unplanned and spontaneous personal learning moments. These two notions are considered to be vital, as they remain valid throughout teachers’ careers and constitute key affordances of video-conferencing uses in HE. In particular, we argue that improvisational processes can be considered as key for developing professional practice and lifelong learning and that video-conferencing uses in initial teacher education can contribute to an understanding of training and learning processes. Current conceptualisations of video conferencing as suggested by Coyle (2004 and Marsh et al. (2009 remain valid, but also are limited in their scope with respect to focusing predominantly on pragmatic and instrumental teacher-training issues. Our article suggests that the theoretical conceptualisations of video conferencing should be expanded to include elements of mimicking and ultimately improvisation. This allows us to consider not just etic aspects of practice, but equally emic practices and related personal professional development. We locate these arguments more widely in a sociocultural-theory framework, as it enables us to describe interactions in dialectical rather than dichotomous terms (Lantolf & Poehner, 2008.

  3. Inherit the policy: A sociocultural approach to understanding evolutionary biology policy in South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Gregory D.

    South Carolina biology Indicator 5.6 calls for students to "Summarize ways that scientists use data from a variety of sources to investigate and critically analyze aspects of evolutionary theory" (South Carolina Department of Education, 2006). Levinson and Sutton (2001) offered a sociocultural approach to policy that considers cultural and historical influences at all levels of the policy process. Lipsky (1980/2010) and others have identified teachers as de facto policy makers, exercising broad discretion in the execution of their work. This study looks to Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior as an initial framework to inform how evolutionary biology policy in South Carolina is conceptualized and understood at different levels of the policy process. The results of this study indicate that actors in the state's evolutionary biology policy process draw upon a myriad of Discourses (Gee, 1999/2005). These Discourses shape cultural dynamics and the agency of the policy actors as they navigate conflicting messages between testing mandates and evolutionary biology policy. There indeed exist gaps between how evolutionary biology policy in South Carolina is conceptualized and understood at the different levels of the policy process. Evidence from this study suggests that appropriation-level policy actors must be brought into the Discourse related to the critical analysis of evolutionary biology and academic freedom legislation must be enacted if South Carolina biology Indicator 5.6 is to realize practical significance in educational policy.

  4. SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN: THE CASE OF ERZURUM PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf ?NC?

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In our country and in the world, children refer to individuals who are under the age of 18 in a generally accepted term. This childhood period in which the individuals’ foundation of a future life is laid , is of much sensitivity and importance. One of the first conditions of creating a strong, healthy and long-term society is possible if today's children are brought up remote and healthy of any kind of psycho-social, physiological and sexual aspect of violence. This work focuses on the causes of socio-cultural, environmental and economic factors on exposure to violence on children who are victims of physical violence. According to the findings of the study; Children are often exposed to physical violence. The majority of children exposed to physical violence are male in the age group of 15-18. Immigration, transition culture which brings with it, slums and non-urbanization are triggering factors for violence. Children whose families have low education levels , who are crowded and whose economic situations are not good are more exposed to physical violence. Children who are victims of physical violence are often exposed to violence by friends, relatives and their near environment. But they tend to say they don't know the person exposing them to violence. In addition, a logical relationship between broken families, both parents working, being the first child of a family and of being a victim of physical violence has not been established.

  5. Assessment for Learning in Inquiry Based Science Education : From Individualistic to Socio-cultural Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fornaguera, Cristina Carulla

    2014-01-01

    The study looks at assessment for learning and Inquiry Based Science Education —IBSE— as concepts established in a diversity of geographical areas, where the traditional summative assessment shapes what most individuals share as being experienced as assessment. Based on Leontiev and Radford’s activity theory perspectives, this study looks critically at assessment for learning within IBSE activity research shaped by an individualistic approach to learning. The thesis proposed a movement towards an approach using a socio-cultural perspective. The researcher's process of learning structured the analytical process. The main contribution was the analysis and the results of researcher movement from a view of assessment considering learning as a psychological process in the mind, independent of the everyday life of individuals, towards one considering the inseparability of collective and individual consciousness in everyday life. Learning was finally conceived as the collective process where the individual’s subjectivity changes while he or she is interacting with others in a historical moment with shared meanings, artifacts, knowledge and relationships. The researcher’s learning is described as identifying and differentiating forms of researching assessment, changing the researcher’s perspective on research, and imagining a new theoretical approach to assessment for learning.

  6. Analysing young children’s thinking about natural phenomena: A sociocultural/cultural historical perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JILL ROBBINS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Vygotsky’s sociocultural/cultural historical theory emphasised the notion of semiotic mediation – or how thinking is transformed through signs (such as language and cultural tools (such as drawings from an intermental to an intramental plane. While the ideas of Vygotsky have become well-accepted within research in early childhood education in Australia, they are somewhat slower to be adopted within science education research. Yet they offer the potential for gaining new understandings of how young children’s thinking about the world develops. This article will demonstrate one way in which aspects of Vygotsky’s (1987-1999 work, particularly his ideas about semiotic mediation can inform analysis of children’s thinking about the world. Focusing on conversations with children about natural phenomena, and drawings they completed during those conversations, the analysis identifies a number of significant issues that are not normally revealed within the dominant forms of analysis which draw on constructivist perspectives. The findings, which reveal complex and dynamic aspects of children’s thinking, have implications for both teachers and researchers working with young children – especially within science education and science education research.

  7. Assessment for Learning in Inquiry Based Science Education: From Individualistic to Socio-cultural Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fornaguera, Cristina Carulla; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    The study looks at assessment for learning and Inquiry Based Science Education —IBSE— as concepts established in a diversity of geographical areas, where the traditional summative assessment shapes what most individuals share as being experienced as assessment. Based on Leontiev and Radford’s activity theory perspectives, this study looks critically at assessment for learning within IBSE activity research shaped by an individualistic approach to learning. The thesis proposed a movement towards an approach using a socio-cultural perspective. The researcher's process of learning structured the analytical process. The main contribution was the analysis and the results of researcher movement from a view of assessment considering learning as a psychological process in the mind, independent of the everyday life of individuals, towards one considering the inseparability of collective and individual consciousness in everyday life. Learning was finally conceived as the collective process where the individual’s subjectivity changes while he or she is interacting with others in a historical moment with shared meanings, artifacts, knowledge and relationships. The researcher’s learning is described as identifying and differentiating forms of researching assessment, changing the researcher’s perspective on research, and imagining a new theoretical approach to assessment for learning.

  8. Educación intercultural desde la teoría del control cultural en contexto de diversidad sociocultural mapuche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Quilaqueo Rapim\\u00E1n

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza, desde la teoría del control cultural en contexto de diversidad sociocultural mapuche, la perspectiva que ofrece el desarrollo de un modelo de educación intercultural. La interculturalidad se aborda como objetivo a apoyar para una mejor expresión de la realización de los derechos culturales de un pueblo. El concepto de interculturalidad se define haciendo la distinción con el de multiculturalidad. Sin embargo, se retoma del multiculturalismo la idea que para dialogar debe establecerse el respeto mutuo y condiciones de igualdad. La educación intercultural y la pedagogía intercultural se abordan desde la formación inicial docente para estudiantes de origen mapuche y no-mapuche. La educación intercultural se define como una estratégica didáctica que toma en cuenta lógicas sociales y culturales en interrelación, paradigmas socioculturales mapuche y occidental en el marco de sus respectivas epistemologías que están a la base de la construcción de conocimiento educativo. En tanto, la pedagogía intercultural se entiende como un enfoque aplicado al fenómeno educativo con presencia de estudiantes indígenas y no-indígenas. En las conclusiones se aboga por un modelo de educación intercultural que favorezca el aprendizaje de elementos de la cultura mapuche en el marco de la lógica cultural indígena, particularmente el ?mapunche kimün? o saber mapuche y el ?kimeltuwün? o conocimiento educativo. Finalmente se enuncia una definición de formación intercultural bilingüe.

  9. Relationship Between Socio-cultural Environment And Creativity Of Secondary School Pupils Of Bangarpet Taluk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Sumita Rao

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes an attempt to study the relationship between socio-cultural environment and creativity of secondary school pupils of Bangarpet Taluk. Bangarpet is a backward Taluk (Administrative division under district in Karnataka state of Country India.Educational system in the modern industrial societies is enhanced by social and cultural environment. As the responsibility of educating the child is vested upon the nation itself and therefore it is important to recognize that if a person is to make full use of his talents, he should learn to think creatively in a range of situations, and on a variety of subjects. The mind, in other words, should be trained to think logically. Creativity can be conceived as a combination of realistic thinking and imagination, a sort of problem solving without a predetermined answer, frequently with self - expression as the dominant feature. Now we are living in the age of science and technology. We are able to see the dawn of civilization only through the creative efforts of individuals who were endowed with this wonderful gift. So it is the greatest need and demand of present time to promote and nurture this talent at all levels.

  10. A socio-cultural approach to learning in the practice setting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    White, Ciara

    2010-11-01

    Practice learning is an essential part of the curriculum and accounts for approximately 60% of the current pre-registration nursing programmes in the Republic of Ireland. The nature and quality of the clinical learning environment and the student nurses\\' experience of their practice placements is recognised as being influential in promoting the integration of theory and practice. However, the problem experienced by many learners is how to relate their theoretical knowledge to the situation-at-hand within the practice setting. Socio-cultural or activity theories of learning seek to explain the social nature of learning and propose that knowledge and learning are considered to be contextually situated. Lave and Wenger (1991) argue that learning is integrated with practice and through engagement with a community of practice, by means of sponsorship; students become increasingly competent in their identity as practitioners. This paper examines the changes which have occurred within the pre-registration nursing curriculum in the Republic of Ireland with the transition from the apprenticeship system to the graduate programme, and the resulting reduction in clinical learning hours. It also examines the potential impact on the development of student learning with the implementation of the concepts proposed by Lave and Wenger to learning in the practice setting.

  11. From dialogue to trialogue: A sociocultural learning perspective on classroom interaction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Heid, Leganger-Krogstad.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dialogues in multireligious public schools do not run smoothly by simply gathering a plural group of learners in the same classroom. Classroom studies show that many conversations go on in circles around provocative statements from a few students creating a debate to make the lesson pass quickly to [...] avoid the teacher from teaching. The discussion in this article will be based in a sociocultural perspective on learning and addressing the teacher's responsibility to facilitate the dialogue whether the degree of diversity she faces in Religious Education (RE) is high or low. Her task is to achieve a development of the dialogue from a repetitive exercise towards a learning experience. Dialogue is usually understood as an encounter between two persons exchanging views, in an oral dia-logue. The trialogue is defined by an intentional extension of the dialogue by introducing a mediating tool between the two persons, a third 'voice'. The third voice might be a material artefact or a practical task. The mediating tool is a cultural entrenched tool which makes the dialogue more informed and creates a common ground for negotiation. The teacher is the one that sets up the rules for the dialogue in the classroom, creates a safe space, and chooses what educational material to give attention. There is a need to discuss some age specific strategies on how to facilitate this informed dialogue or trialogue during compulsory education in the ages of 6-15.

  12. Linking Task-based Language Teaching and Sociocultural Theory: Private Speech and Scaffolding in Reading Comprehension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheila Tahmasebi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Sociocultural Theory, mediations in second language learning include (1 mediation by others (2 mediation by self (3 and mediation by artifacts, which incorporates brilliant insights for EFL contexts (Lantolf, 2000. Putting these ideas in a task-based method, the present study aimed at examining the contribution of scaffolding and private speech in improving EFL learners’ skills and seeking how learners performance might link to  social or interpersonal activities they engage in. Screened through an Oxford Placement Test, 54 EFL freshmen taking a reading comprehension course participated in this study and formed two randomly divided groups and pretested using a 30-item TOEFL test of reading comprehension. The control group benefited from a teacher, who paraphrased, summarized and provided the meaning of the new words and expressions. The experimental group was asked to do the same tasks through collaboration, private speech and artifacts. Students' performances were video-taped to be used for discourse analyses and provide measures of fluency, accuracy and complexity (Iwashita, Elder, & McNamara, 2001. Two types of measurements were used: 1 a final test of reading comprehension, 2 an oral presentation of a text whose readability matched that of the texts used during the experiment. The students' performances on presenting the text orally were rated based on the idea units recalled (Johnson, 1970. The data analysis revealed no difference between the two groups in the final test, but in oral presentation, the experimental group outperformed the control group.

  13. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Amebic Keratitis Viral Keratitis Other Complications Water & Contact Lenses Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care Systems & Solutions Decorative Contact Lenses Children & Contact Lenses Information for Specific Groups Contact Lens Wearers ...

  14. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Amebic Keratitis Viral Keratitis Other Complications Water & Contact Lenses Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care Systems & Solutions Decorative Contact Lenses Children & Contact Lenses Information for Specific Groups Contact Lens Wearers ...

  15. VIRTUALIZATION IN CLOUD COMPUTING?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAKSHAY MALHOTRA

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can be used on multiple machines at the same time.

  16. Virtual reality welder training

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Steven A.; Reiners, Dirk; Prachyabrued, Mores; Borst, Christoph W.; Chambers, Terrence L.

    2010-01-01

    This document describes the Virtual Reality Simulated MIG Lab (sMIG), a system for Virtual Reality welder training. It is designed to reproduce the experience of metal inert gas (MIG) welding faithfully enough to be used as a teaching tool for beginning welding students. To make the experience as realistic as possible it employs physically accurate and tracked input devices, a real-time welding simulation, real-time sound generation and a 3D display for output. Thanks to being a fully digital system it can go beyond providing just a realistic welding experience by giving interactive and immediate feedback to the student to avoid learning wrong movements from day 1.

  17. The Virtual Future

    CERN Document Server

    Bainbridge, William Sims

    2011-01-01

    The newest communication technologies are profoundly changing the world's politics, economies, and cultures, but the specific implications of online gameworlds remain mysterious. The Virtual Future employs theories and methods from social science to explore nine very different virtual futures: The Matrix Online, Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, Star Trek Online, EVE Online, Star Wars Galaxies, World of Warcraft: Burning Crusade, and The Chronicles of Riddick. Each presents a different picture of how technology and society could evolve in coming centuries, but one theme runs thro

  18. Virtual-Geology.Info

    Science.gov (United States)

    At virtual-geology.info, Roger Suthren, a professor at Oxford Brookes University, offers educational materials on geologic phenomena throughout the world. Users can take virtual field trips to study the geology of Scotland, Alaska, and France. In the Regional Geology link, visitors can view wonderful pictures of the volcanoes of Germany, Italy, France, and Greece. Educators can find images of sediments and sedimentary rocks which can be used in a variety of classroom exercises. The website supplies descriptions and additional educational links about sedimentology and environmental geology.

  19. Virtual Finance Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Search Partners, a provider of executive financial search services, presents the Virtual Finance Library, a packed collection of links to financial sites. The main page of Virtual Finance Library contains general information including reference and dictionary sites, calculators and converters, and interesting links. The rest of the library is accessible via the table of contents on the left side of the screen. The Websites are organized by topic, geographic location, or subtopic. Each topic begins with a short introduction to the subject, several pages long, and most links are descriptively annotated.

  20. Applied virtual reality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To reduce plant down time during irradiated fuel cell dismantling at Torness Power Station, a new visualisation technique has been used for the manipulator. Complex computer graphics packages were used to provide a ''Virtual Reality'' environment which allowed the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell to be simulated. Significant cost savings have been achieved due to reductions in lost output. The virtual reality environment is at present being extended to the design and deployment of a new manipulator for in-vessel inspection of the boiler. (UK)

  1. Virtual Amateur Astronomer

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Virtual Amateur Astronomer is an archive of high-quality images of all varieties of astronomical objects. The images, hosted on the Virtual Amateur Astronomer web site and linked from other web pages, include high- and low-resolution versions (where available), brief descriptions, and links to additional information. They are organized by subject: the solar system, Messier objects, the Milky Way and universe, and a selection of miscellaneous images. There is also a "best of" category, links to other web sites with astronomical imagery, and a selection of images capturing the amateur experience, captured through small telescopes.

  2. Addressing Mental Health Disparities through Clinical Competence Not Just Cultural Competence: The Need for Assessment of Sociocultural Issues in the Delivery of Evidence-Based Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services

    OpenAIRE

    Yamada, Ann-Marie; Brekke, John S.

    2008-01-01

    Recognition of ethnic/racial disparities in mental health services has not directly resulted in the development of culturally responsive psychosocial interventions. There remains a fundamental need for assessment of sociocultural issues that have been linked with the expectations, needs, and goals of culturally diverse consumers with severe and persistent mental illness. The authors posit that embedding the assessment of sociocultural issues into psychosocial rehabilitation practice is one st...

  3. The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws. We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam, how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared under Islamic dietary laws? This study wasrekindled by the contention that Zimbabwe is largely a Christian country and may prefer to be guided byChristian values founded on Biblical laws. We had four hypotheses which were tested using Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The results revealed that indeed socio-cultural factors have little or no influence on anindividual consumer’s perception on consumption of halal certified food products. However, it was found outthat the Islamic consumers and other religious groups other than protestant, catholic, baptist and apostolic arehighly sensitive to their socio-cultural orientations.

  4. Breaking the circle: challenging Western sociocultural norms for appearance influences young women's attention to appearance-related media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mischner, Isabelle H S; van Schie, Hein T; Engels, Rutger C M E

    2013-06-01

    Paying attention to thin media models may negatively affect women's self-evaluation. This study aimed to reduce the amount of attention that young women give to appearance-related information by challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance, and studied the moderating role of self-esteem. Seventy-one college women either received norm-confirming, norm-challenging, or no information regarding the sociocultural norms for appearance. Subsequently, participants' visual attention to appearance-related and neutral advertisements was measured using an eye-tracker. The results demonstrate that when no information or norm-confirming information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid more attention to the appearance-related advertisements than women with higher self-esteem. Importantly however, when norm-challenging information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid significantly less attention to the appearance-related ads than women with lower self-esteem who did not receive this manipulation. These findings indicate that challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance can attenuate the amount of attention women give to appearance-related media. PMID:23523085

  5. Virtual Walkthrough System for Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit Goswami

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The world wide web infrastructure has brought a revolutionary change in the organisation and presentation of information. Such a change resulted in the concept of virtual libraries. Of the numerous virtual library applications, we envision a virtual walkthrough application. Here, a user, with access to the internet or intranet, can explore a specific place of interest without having to travel physically. The place of interest is modelled as a virtual world, containing a vast number of virtual objects. This paper describes the two modules of our project 'virtual walkthrough for Defence Science Library': (a Module 1—General Browsing, provides the user with the interface to view the virtual tour of the DSL that allows users to visit the library and its services virtually through the web and (b Module 2—Guided Tour, complements the text-based search of the user for the books with an extended multimedia interface for retrieval of books in the library.

  6. Virtual Teams: a Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari

    2009-01-01

    In the competitive market , virtual teams represent a growing response to the need for fasting time-to- market, low-cost and rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers . Nowadays, companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual teams growing prevalence, relatively little is known ab...

  7. Enfoques de aprendizajes y variables de orden sociocultural en estudiantes de una institución de educación superior en Colombia / Learning approaches and sociocultural variables in students of a college in Colombia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gustavo, Montealegre Lynett; Martha Lucía, Núñez Rodríguez; Dagoberto, Salgado Horta.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde los años setenta el concepto de aprendizaje ha tenido una evolución hasta consolidarse en la actualidad en dos grandes categorías: superficial y profundo. A su vez, el enfoque de aprendizaje incluye dos componentes: motivación y estrategia. Éstos se modifican por el contexto donde se efectúa e [...] l proceso de aprendizaje, el que juega un papel importante en la intención o motivación que tenga el estudiante. Es por esto que conocer el impacto de algunas variables de orden sociocultural sobre los enfoques de aprendizaje se constituye en el eje central de este estudio. Objetivo: determinar la relación existente entre los enfoques de aprendizaje y las variables de orden sociocultural como: género, el tipo de colegio y cabeza de hogar. Material y métodos: cuantitativo no experimental; específicamente es un diseño de corte descriptivo. Luego de conocer la naturaleza y propósitos del estudio, en la muestra participaron de forma voluntaria 112 estudiantes de los programas de medicina, enfermería y educación física matriculados en el primer semestre académico en el periodo A 2013. La recolección de la información se realizó mediante la aplicación de dos instrumentos: una encuesta para identificación de aspectos de orden sociocultural, elaborada por el grupo investigador y el instrumento propuesto por Biggs RSPQ-2F para la identificación de los enfoques de aprendizajes. Resultados y conclusiones: en cuanto a los enfoques de aprendizaje, discriminados por tipo de carrera, en medicina y educación física, predomina el enfoque estratégico, mientras que en el programa de enfermería se acogen a un enfoque profundo. Los resultados de congruencias entre las escalas y subescalas de los enfoques, motivaciones y estrategias de aprendizaje que fueron utilizadas en este estudio son similares a los encontrados en otras partes del mundo. No hay relación entre los enfoques de aprendizaje y las tres variables socioculturales. Tiene gran importancia replicar estos estudios en otros entornos educativos en Colombia y analizar qué sucede en universidades públicas y privadas. Abstract in english Since the seventies the concept of learning has evolved to be now consolidated into two broad categories: superficial and deep. In turn, the learning approach includes two components: motivation and strategy. These are modified by the context in which the learning process is performed, which plays a [...] n important role in the intention or motivation that the student may have. For this reason, the knowledge of the impact of some sociocultural variables on learning approaches becomes the focus of this study. Objective: to determine the relationship between learning approaches and sociocultural variables such as gender, type of school and head of the family. Materials and methods: quantitative non-experimental; specifically is a sectional descriptive design. After knowing the nature and purposes of the study, in the sample participated 112 volunteer students of the programs in Medicine, Nursing and Physical Education enrolled in the first semester in the 2013 period. The data collection was performed by application of two instruments: a survey to identify socio-cultural aspects, developed by the research group and the instrument proposed by Biggs RSPQ-2F for the identification of learning approaches. Results and Conclusions: for the identification of learning approaches, discriminated by type of career, in Medicine and Physical Education the strategic approach predominates, while in the nursing program they admit a deep approach. The results of congruence between the scales and subscales of the approaches, motivations and learning strategies that were used in this study are similar to those found in other parts of the world. There is no relationship between learning approaches and the three sociocultural variables. It is of great importance to replicate these studies in other educational environments in Colombia and analyze what happens in public and private universities.

  8. Ethnography in a Virtual World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumar, Wesley; Madison, Nora

    2013-01-01

    This article situates the discussion of virtual ethnography within the larger political/economic changes of twenty-first century consumer capitalism and suggests that increasingly our entire social world is a virtual world and that there were very particular utopian and dystopian framings of virtual community growing out of that history. The…

  9. Team Development of Virtual Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sooyoung

    2004-01-01

    Advanced technologies, globalization, the competitiveness of business, flexible working practices, and other rapid changes in the nature of work have all led to the booming of "virtual teams." This paper will provide an overview of virtual teams, including a description of their emergence, a definition and typology of the term "virtual team," an…

  10. Leading Virtual Teams: Three Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, James R.; Jeris, Laurel

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated virtual team members' and leaders' perceptions of the role of the leader, and hindering and helping forces within virtual teams and their host organizations for developing leaders of such teams. It addresses the expressed need of virtual team leaders for the field of HRD to guide leadership development for this emerging…

  11. Report on State Virtual Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report on state virtual schools outlines the recent trends associated with virtual high schools over the last 15 years. It notes that early trends indicate that virtual schools are on the rise. The report provides reasons for why the trends have occurred, and describes the Southern Regional Education Board's role in providing information and…

  12. Virtual learning: possibilities and realization

    OpenAIRE

    Nurassyl, Kerimbayev

    2013-01-01

    The virtual learning in University Education is the learning which is presented by set of integrated information and pedagogical technologies, in a process of interaction between subjects and objects as the virtual educational resources. This interaction characterize as the set of dialectically interconnected fields of human activity (intellectual, emotional and figurative, cultural, social). The virtual educational resources, possibility of their adaptation to student subje...

  13. Temperature-aware virtual machine in Para Virtualization Cloud Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Kumar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Para virtualization which involves modi?cation of a guest operating system (OS. Today this method is only supported for open source operating systems, limiting its applicability. However, par virtualization provides higher performance than full virtualization in performance because it does not need to trap and translate every OS call. Here temperature aware virtual machine can be implemented in Para virtualized cloud environment and provides the details of hardware and software tools which can be used in implementation. At last to demonstrate feasibility of our approach from a performance perspective we have shown quantitative results.

  14. Metal-molecule contacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James G. Kushmerick

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Metal-molecule contacts play a key role in determining the current-voltage (I-V characteristics of a molecular junction. This article reviews specific ways that metal-molecule contacts can be controlled to impart a desired functionality, and highlights some unanswered questions.

  15. Electric contact arcing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrical contacts must function properly in many types of components used in nuclear weapon systems. Design, application, and testing of these components require detailed knowledge of chemical and physical phenomena associated with stockpile storage, stockpile testing, and operation. In the past, investigation of these phenomena has led to significant discoveries on the effects of surface contaminants, friction and wear, and the mechanics of closure on contact performance. A recent investigation of contact arcing phenomena which revealed that, preceding contact closure, arcs may occur at voltages lower than had been previously known is described. This discovery is important, since arcing may damage contacts, and repetitive testing of contacts performed as part of a quality assurance program might produce cumulative damage that would yield misleading life-test data and could prevent proper operation of the contacts at some time in the future. This damage can be avoided by determining the conditions under which arcing occurs, and ensuring that these conditions are avoided in contact testing

  16. Virtual Compton Scattering

    OpenAIRE

    Fonvieille, Helene; A, For The Jlab Hall; Collaborations, Vcs

    2002-01-01

    Virtual Compton Scattering off the proton: gamma* p to gamma p, is a new field of investigation of nucleon structure. Several dedicated experiments have been performed at low c.m. energy and various momentum transfers, yielding specific information on the proton. This talk reviews the concept of nucleon Generalized Polarizabilities and the present experimental status.

  17. Virtual Reality in Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel Foreman

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many and varied, but are especially beneficial where experience can be tailored via augmentation, and where dangerous training situations can be avoided. The use of programmable agents has great future potential in relation to training and interpersonal skill development, also perhaps in clinical diagnosis and therapy. Progress in VE usage in psychological education is limited by cost and availability, though VEs are being used increasingly in classroom and laboratory teaching exercises. Virtual Reality was said to be “an answer waiting for a question”, but questions are being recognized, so that applications of VEs within the behavioural sciences are likely to multiply.

  18. CMS Virtual Tour Greece

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    More than 500 high-school students from 7 locations in Greece visit virtually the CMS experiment. Read more about this record-breaking event here: http://home.web.cern.ch/students-educators/updates/2014/02/students-visit-heart-cms-detector

  19. Virtual Compton Scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helene Fonvieille

    2003-05-01

    Virtual Compton Scattering off the proton: {gamma}^+p --> {gamma}p is a new field of investigation of nucleon structure. Several dedicated experiments have been performed at low c.m. energy and various momentum transfers, yielding specific information on the proton. This talk reviews the concept of nucleon Generalized Polarizabilities and the present experimental status.

  20. Literacy in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merchant, Guy

    2009-01-01

    Introducing new digital literacies into classroom settings is an important and challenging task, and one that is encouraged by both policy-makers and educators. This paper draws on a case study of a 3D virtual world which aimed to engage and motivate primary school children in an immersive and literacy-rich on-line experience. Planning decisions,…

  1. Virtual Seismic Atlas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virtual Seismic Atlas

    The Virtual Seismic Atlas is an open access community resource to share the geological interpretation of seismic data. By browsing freely through the site you will find seismic images and interpretations. And you can down load higher resolution images for your use.

  2. Adventures in Virtual Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this activity, students look at the topography and cross-section of El Paso Texas and Edwards Aquifer in virtual reality, using historical data of the Edwards Aquifer that contains information on recharge, discharge and precipitation. From this data, conclusions can be made about future discharges of the aquifer.

  3. Energy Savers Virtual Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    This web-based computer simulation allows the participant to calculate energy savings in various types of virtual residential dwellings by making changes in the appliances, light bulbs, insulation, energy sources, etc. that are used. This is a totally interactive simulation that would be suitable for junior high school through college classes. This simulation also contains links where students can access research information.

  4. Cerec omnicam and the virtual articulator--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsche, G

    2013-01-01

    This case report demonstrates how two opposing teeth were restored with full crowns using Cerec software version 4.2 (pre-release version). In addition, an anterior tooth was provided with a veneer. The situation was scanned with the Cerec Omnicam. The new virtual articulator was used for the design to obtain correct dynamic contacts. The Cerec Omnicam can scan the entire situation prior to preparation without the help of an assistant, as no surface pretreatment is necessary. The locations of the occlusal contacts can be marked with articulating paper and are indicated on the virtual models. Selective deletion of individual areas allows the prepared teeth to be rescanned, considerably speeding up the workflow. A video demonstration is available of the acquisition and design procedure. PMID:23641664

  5. TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION: VIRTUAL FIELD TRIPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mr. Hoskins

    2006-03-23

    This webquest will assist in furthering your understanding of the ins and outs of virtual fieldtrips, provide links to ready-made virtual fieldtrips, and provide a link so you can create your own virtual field trip. Virtual field trips have become increasingly popular with the extensive use of the world wide web. One reason for this is probably the ease with which this technology can be delivered. All that is required is a computer with internet access. Occasionally a virtual field trip will require some plug-ins ...

  6. Survey on virtual machine security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bright Prabahar P ,Bijolin Edwin E

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS, storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to solve that issue areexplained in this paper. It is the survey of various cloudvirtual machine architectures, advantages &disadvantages.

  7. Wearable wireless tactile display for virtual interactions with soft bodies

    OpenAIRE

    FedericoCarpi; DanieleMazzei

    2014-01-01

    We describe here a wearable, wireless, compact and lightweight tactile display, able to mechanically stimulate the fingertip of users, so as to simulate contact with soft bodies in virtual environments. The device was based on dielectric elastomer actuators, as high-performance electromechanically active polymers. The actuator was arranged at the user’s fingertip, integrated within a plastic case, which also hosted a compact high-voltage circuitry. A custom-made wireless control unit was arra...

  8. Wearable Wireless Tactile Display for Virtual Interactions with Soft Bodies

    OpenAIRE

    Frediani, Gabriele; Mazzei, Daniele; De Rossi, Danilo Emilio; Carpi, Federico

    2014-01-01

    We describe here a wearable, wireless, compact, and lightweight tactile display, able to mechanically stimulate the fingertip of users, so as to simulate contact with soft bodies in virtual environments. The device was based on dielectric elastomer actuators, as high-performance electromechanically active polymers. The actuator was arranged at the user’s fingertip, integrated within a plastic case, which also hosted a compact high-voltage circuitry. A custom-made wireless control unit was arr...

  9. Wearable Wireless Tactile Display for Virtual Interactions with Soft Bodies

    OpenAIRE

    FedericoCarpi; DanieleMazzei

    2014-01-01

    We describe here a wearable, wireless, compact, and lightweight tactile display, able to mechanically stimulate the fingertip of users, so as to simulate contact with soft bodies in virtual environments. The device was based on dielectric elastomer actuators, as high-performance electromechanically active polymers. The actuator was arranged at the user’s fingertip, integrated within a plastic case, which also hosted a compact high-voltage circuitry. A custom-made wireless control unit was a...

  10. Exploring Humanoid Robot Locomotion Capabilities in Virtual Disaster Response Scenarios

    OpenAIRE

    Bouyarmane, Karim; Vaillant, Joris; Keith, Franc?ois; Kheddar, Abderrahmane

    2012-01-01

    We study the feasibility of having various humanoid robots undertake some tasks from those challenged by the DARPA's call on disaster operations. Hence, we focus on locomotion tasks that apparently require human-like motor skills to be achieved. We use virtual scenes under the fully-3D-modeled-environment assumption. The robot autonomously plans and executes the motion with a high-level goal specification, such as reaching a global position or a particular contact state. We assess the feasibi...

  11. Network projects and collaboration. Models for socio-cultural changes-on the internet

    OpenAIRE

    Schuch Brunet, Karla

    2006-01-01

    Esta tesis propone modelos para cambios socio-culturales en Internet. Proyectos en red en colaboración fueran el objeto de este estudio. Fueran elegidos 100 proyectos para una base de datos donde se hizo un análisis detallado. Después de un estudio de los resultados de la base de datos, asimismo basándose en teorías de multitud, resistencia, tolerancia, controle y protocolo, cultura libre y realismo virtual, modelos emergieron. Los proyectos fueron divididos en 3 áreas: diseño, colabo...

  12. Mytholinguistic Interpretation of Sacral Toponym Astana in Sociocultural Practice of the Siberian Tatars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Sovetovna Karabulatova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Siberia takes a special place among the regions of Russian Federation; its population has its own mentality,unique historical past, moral and economic consciousness. The authors fix their attention on the specificity ofmythologized consciousness of the Siberian Tatars in order to reveal the places of Sufi views and stories aboutAstana.Today we agree that the name, as a bundle of psycho-energetic forces of the ethnos, has a doubtless influence onthe evolution of history in whole, forming the collective unconscious, promoting the consolidation of thearchetypical images force to perceive yourself integrally. Modern onomastics leaves the interpretation of theproper name exclusively under the frames of etymology. As a rule, the basis can be presented by imagery,metaphor-metonymic processes, lying in the basis of denomination of specific denotations and lexicalbackground, i.e. the combination of information, referring to the named object. In this connection, mental spaceof the proper name presents a special interest, because, functioning in polyethnic environment, all elements ofregional onomastic system are subject to the influence of perception-stereotyped standards, peculiar of a man, asa knower.Saint places of the Siberian Tatars, Astana, take one of the central places in traditional sociocultural practice ofthe Siberian Turki. Astana complexes themselves present the material implementation of the Sufism idea aboutimplicit knowledge communication. Siberia was associated and is still associated with some mythological space,where the reality, forgotten by the civilized world, is the actuality, where the world edges come in touch witheach other, where the heroes live and act, that is why this space is marked by the special sacral places - Astana,which offer a clue to understand Sufism among the Siberian Tatar. The stories about Astana were published by N.F. Katanov. The stories themselves were written in variants: the first version - by Saad Vakkas, the son ofRadjab, Allakulov, and the other - by Kashshaf Abu-Said. At present, these notes are kept in Tobolsk RegionalMuseum of Local Lore and are available for the researchers.The researchers pay special attention to the significance of Sufism in traditional views of the Siberian Tatars,fairly underlying, that Sufism has a lot of directions. The authors tend to think that worship practice to Astana isconditioned by Sufism, equally as the manuscript literature of the Siberian Tatars, reflecting theethno-sociocultural practice of the Siberian Tatars.Oral folk arts always presented that ideologic and artistic property of people, where they could express theiroutlook and attitude to life. According to the data of folkloristics, which counts nearly one and a half centuries,the Siberian Tatars has a rich folk-poetic heritage, including different genres of the oral folk arts. Unfortunately,in the flow of time, there are less and less opportunities left to collect and record the folklore pieces, as they gointo wilderness together with their bearers, oldsters. Fortunately, a great volume of folklore material wascollected and studied so far, based on which is possible to make several conclusions. As a result offolklore-dialectological expeditions of scientists from Tobolsk, Kazan and Tyumen, there were written thestories about Astana, among which the following are distinguished: 1 the stories, telling aboutconservative-protecting function of Astana; 2 the stories, telling about wonderful curing energy of Astana; 3the stories about vindictive force and power of Astana spirits. Many Sufi folk tales about santons and legends ofthe Siberian Tatars about Astana have similar episodes. These plots tell about miraculous power of sheiks: mind reading, curing of the ill, control of nature and jinns, movement by air and water etc. According to Sufi ideas, theman's spirit presents the man's essence, and the body is only the ash. If you die, you will be mourned by yourchildren, but only Tengere (the God will know your essence. At present, the Kazan and Tyumen researcherscarry out

  13. Topological contact dynamics II: topological automorphisms, contact homeomorphisms, and non-smooth contact dynamical systems

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Stefan; Spaeth, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This sequel to our previous paper [MS11b] continues the study of topological contact dynamics and applications to contact dynamics and topological dynamics. We provide further evidence that the topological automorphism groups of a contact structure and a contact form are the appropriate transformation groups of contact dynamical systems. The article includes an examination of the groups of time-one maps of topological contact and strictly contact isotopies, and the construct...

  14. Molecular dynamics study of contact mechanics: contact area and interfacial separation from small to full contact

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, C.; Persson, B. N. J.

    2007-01-01

    We report a molecular dynamics study of the contact between a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface and an elastic block with a flat surface. We study the contact area and the interfacial separation from small contact (low load) to full contact (high load). For small load the contact area varies linearly with the load and the interfacial separation depends logarithmically on the load. For high load the contact area approaches to the nominal contact area (i.e., complete c...

  15. Diagnostic accuracy in virtual dermatopathology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mooney, E.; Kempf, W.

    2012-01-01

    Background Virtual microscopy is used for teaching medical students and residents and for in-training and certification examinations in the United States. However, no existing studies compare diagnostic accuracy using virtual slides and photomicrographs. The objective of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy of dermatopathologists and pathologists using photomicrographs vs. digitized images, through a self-assessment examination, and to elucidate assessment of virtual dermatopathology. Methods Forty-five dermatopathologists and pathologists received a randomized combination of 15 virtual slides and photomicrographs with corresponding clinical photographs and information in a self-assessment examination format. Descriptive data analysis and comparison of groups were performed using a chi-square test. Results Diagnostic accuracy in dermatopathology using virtual dermatopathology or photomicrographs was similar: 0.70 vs. 0.73 respectively, p = 0.465. Order of administration of virtual dermatopathology and photomicrographs did not affect diagnostic accuracy. The vast majority (93%) of the participants felt the virtual slides were adequate for diagnosis and that virtual dermatopathology represented a useful tool for learning; 90% felt that virtual dermatopathology is useful tool for teaching dermatopathology. Conclusion No significant difference was observed in diagnostic accuracy using virtual dermatopathology compared to photomicrographs. Most participants felt virtual dermatopathology was adequate for diagnostic purposes and a useful tool for learning and teaching dermatopathology. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  16. Evaluation of Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Consumer Buying Behaviour of Clothes in Borno State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawan A. Lawan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available his study assesses cultural factors influencing consumer buying behaviour of clothes in Borno state, Nigeria. It was specifically carried out to examine consumer buying decision making process and assess cultural, economic as well as personal factors influencing clothes buying behavior. Data for the study were gathered through structured questionnaire administered by the researcher with the help of two research assistants, on a sample of 192 clothes buyers, out of which, 174 were duly filled and returned. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi square, Analysis of variance and multi-stage regression. Findings revealed a highly significant influence of cultural factors (T=14.83, P<0.000 on consumer buying behaviour of which the relative regression coefficient influences equivalence of societal norms (24.6% was the highest. The findings also indicated a highly significant influence of economic factors (T=11.89, P<0.000 factor on consumer buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence exerted by income (20%. The study further revealed that age was the sole personal (endogenous factor variable influencing buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence of over 65%. The study concluded that culture, either acting independently or in conjunction with economic and personal factors significantly influences buying behaviour of clothes. It was recommended that marketing managers should take cognizance of the fact that socio-cultural factors are some of the fundamental determinants of a person’s want and behavior and should therefore be considered when designing clothes for their markets.

  17. Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimber Haddix McKay

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy is important to these villagers, as it removes one major source of indoor air pollution from homes and provides brighter light than the traditional torches. Solar energy is preferable in many villages in the region due to the lack of suitable streams or rivers for micro-hydroelectric projects. In the villages under study in this paper, in-home solar electricity is a novel and recent innovation, and was installed within the last three years in two different geo-spatial styles, depending upon the configuration of homes in the village. In some villages, houses are grouped together, while in others households are widely dispersed. In the former, solar photovoltaic systems were installed in a “cluster” fashion with multiple homes utilizing power from a central battery store under the control of the householder storing the battery bank. In villages with widely spaced households, a single home system was used so that each home had a separate solar photovoltaic array, wiring system and battery bank. It became clear that the cluster system was the sensible choice due to the geographic layout of certain villages, but this put people into management groups that did not always work well due to caste or other differences. This paper describes the two systems and their management and usage costs and benefits from the perspective of the villagers themselves.

  18. Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Lauren M; Burke, Natasha L; Thompson, J Kevin; Dedrick, Robert F; Heinberg, Leslie J; Calogero, Rachel M; Bardone-Cone, Anna M; Higgins, Mary K; Frederick, David A; Kelly, Mackenzie; Anderson, Drew A; Schaumberg, Katherine; Nerini, Amanda; Stefanile, Cristina; Dittmar, Helga; Clark, Elizabeth; Adams, Zoe; Macwana, Susan; Klump, Kelly L; Vercellone, Allison C; Paxton, Susan J; Swami, Viren

    2015-03-01

    The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) and its earlier versions are measures designed to assess societal and interpersonal aspects of appearance ideals. Correlational, structural equation modeling, and prospective studies of the SATAQ-3 have shown consistent and significant associations with measures of body image disturbance and eating pathology. In the current investigation, the SATAQ-3 was revised to improve upon some conceptual limitations and was evaluated in 4 U.S. and 3 international female samples, as well as a U.S. male sample. In Study 1, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for a sample of women from the Southeastern United States (N = 859) indicated a 22-item scale with 5 factors: Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat, Internalization: Muscular/Athletic, Pressures: Family, Pressures: Media, Pressures: Peers. This scale structure was confirmed in 3 independent and geographically diverse samples of women from the United States (East Coast N = 440, West Coast N = 304, and North/Midwest N = 349). SATAQ-4 scale scores demonstrated excellent reliability and good convergent validity with measures of body image, eating disturbance, and self-esteem. Study 2 replicated the factorial validity, reliability, and convergent validity of the SATAQ-4 in an international sample of women drawn from Italy, England, and Australia (N = 362). Study 3 examined a sample of college males from the United States (N = 271); the 5-factor solution was largely replicated, yet there was some evidence of an underlying structure unique to men. Future research avenues include additional item testing and modification of the scale for men, as well as adaptation of the measure for children and adolescents. PMID:25285718

  19. A Review on Virtual Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi Halarnkar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Virtual Reality is a major asset and aspect of our future. It is the key to experiencing, feeling and touching the past, present and the future. It is the medium of creating our own world, our own customized reality. It could range from creating a video game to having a virtual stroll around the universe, from walking through our own dream house to experiencing a walk on an alien planet. With virtual reality, we can experience the most intimidating and gruelling situations by playing safe and with a learning perspective. In this review paper, we present our survey about virtual reality: the levels of virtual reality, the components used, the factors affecting the virtual environment, its origin, future and the challenges to overcome in order to obtain an impeccable virtual reality experience.

  20. Theft of Virtual Property — Towards Security Requirements for Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Anja

    The article is focused to introduce the topic of information technology security for Virtual Worlds to a security experts’ audience. Virtual Worlds are Web 2.0 applications where the users cruise through the world with their individually shaped avatars to find either amusement, challenges or the next best business deal. People do invest a lot of time but beyond they invest in buying virtual assets like fantasy witcheries, wepaons, armour, houses, clothes,...etc with the power of real world money. Although it is called “virtual” (which is often put on the same level as “not existent”) there is a real value behind it. In November 2007 dutch police arrested a seventeen years old teenager who was suspicted to have stolen virtual items in a Virtual World called Habbo Hotel [Reuters07]. In order to successfully provide security mechanisms into Virtual Worlds it is necessarry to fully understand the domain for which the security mechansims are defined. As Virtual Worlds must be clasified into the domain of Social Software the article starts with an overview of how to understand Web 2.0 and gives a short introduction to Virtual Worlds. The article then provides a consideration of assets of Virtual Worlds participants, describes how these assets can be threatened and gives an overview of appopriate security requirements and completes with an outlook of possible countermeasures.

  1. Computational contact mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Wriggers, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Contact mechanics has its application in many engineering problems. No one can walk without frictional contact, and no car would move for the same r- son. Hence contact mechanics has, from an engineering point of view, a long history, beginning in ancient Egypt with the movement of large stone blocks, over ?rst experimental contributions from leading scientists like Leonardo da Vinci andCoulomb, to today's computational methods. In the past c- tact conditions were often modelled in engineering analysis by more simple boundary conditions since analytical solutions were not present for real worl

  2. Navigation in Virtual Environment.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mikeš, Stanislav; Haindl, Michal; Holub, Radek

    Vienna : Austrian Computer Society, 2008 - (R. Sablatnig and J. Hemsley and P. Krammerer and E. Zolda and J. Stockinger), s. 111-118 ISBN 978-3-85403-238-0. [2nd International Conference EVA. Vienna (AT), 25.08.2008-28.08.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R 1ET400750407; GA MŠk 1M0572; GA ?R GA102/08/0593 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06019 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Virtual Reality * Navigation Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2008/RO/mikes-haindl-holub-navigation%20in%20virtual%20environment.pdf

  3. Virtual Yeast Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learning about the various parts of a cell can be tricky business, but this virtual yeast cell offered by The University of Nottingham will come in handy for biology students and science instructors. This learning resource was created to help students in the brewing science program learn about yeast cytology, though just about anyone with an interest in cells will learn something from visiting the site. After entering the interactive cell, visitors can click on different parts of the cell (such as the cytoplasm or the nucleus) in order to learn more about the importance of each one. Visitors should remember that they can also download the virtual yeast cell and use it in the classroom or just with a group of friends.

  4. Applied virtual reality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An early experience in deploying a manipulator to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell at Torness Power Station, quickly highlighted that special visualisation techniques were required to achieve a successful deployment and reduce plant system down time. This visualisation was later realised through the IGRIP software pakcage operating on a Silicon Graphics computing engine, which provides a 'Non-Immersive' Virtual Reality environment. Within this environment, models of the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling cell were generated along with a model of the manipulator, allowing manipulator deployment to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell be modelled. It is estimated that the first use of this new environment provided a significant saving to Scottish Nuclear in potential lost output. The use of this virtual reality environment is currently being extended into the design and deployment of a new manipulator for Torness in vessel inspection, the Boiler Inspection Manipulator. (author)

  5. Virtual reality at work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Frederick P., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    The utility of virtual reality computer graphics in telepresence applications is not hard to grasp and promises to be great. When the virtual world is entirely synthetic, as opposed to real but remote, the utility is harder to establish. Vehicle simulators for aircraft, vessels, and motor vehicles are proving their worth every day. Entertainment applications such as Disney World's StarTours are technologically elegant, good fun, and economically viable. Nevertheless, some of us have no real desire to spend our lifework serving the entertainment craze of our sick culture; we want to see this exciting technology put to work in medicine and science. The topics covered include the following: testing a force display for scientific visualization -- molecular docking; and testing a head-mounted display for scientific and medical visualization.

  6. Contact Us: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/contact/indexrwd.cfm?lang=en Contact the U.S. National Library of Medicine Thank you ... in your email. About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Contact Us Get email updates Subscribe to RSS Follow ...

  7. Occupational Contact Dermatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasseville Denis

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Occupational contact dermatitis accounts for 90% of all cases of work-related cutaneous disorders. It can be divided into irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs in 80% of cases, and allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, both types will present as eczematous lesions on exposed parts of the body, notably the hands. Accurate diagnosis relies on meticulous history taking, thorough physical examination, careful reading of Material Safety Data Sheets to distinguish between irritants and allergens, and comprehensive patch testing to confirm or rule out allergic sensitization. This article reviews the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of occupational contact dermatitis and provides diagnostic guidelines and a rational approach to management of these often frustrating cases.

  8. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... changes in vision may start to occur. Follow Us Halloween Hazard: The Hidden Dangers of Buying Colored ... medical disclaimer privacy policy sponsorship & advertising policies about us Educational Resources EyeWiki contact us sitemap Reproducing text ...

  9. Contacting My Donor Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... My Donor Family Newsroom Minorities Contacting My Donor Family Writing anything can be a challenge. Staring at ... down to write a note to your donor family can feeling overwhelming. The good news is that ...

  10. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During ... Eye Protection Eyesight Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Avoid Indoor Tanning ...

  11. Grants Management Contacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Please contact the grants management specialist assigned to your institution for questions regarding NCI grants. Institution Assigned Specialist FY 2015 3P Biotechnologies, INC. Scharf, Sarah Adheren, INC. Ward, Rosemary Alabama State University Young,

  12. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Health News Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During ... Eye Protection Eyesight Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Avoid Indoor Tanning ...

  13. Contact Lens Solution Toxicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... diseases: Allergic Contact Dermatitis Corneal Abrasion Corneal Foreign Body Pink Eye ... © 2006-2013 Logical Images, Inc. All rights reserved. Advertising Notice This Site and third parties who place ...

  14. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Veterans What Is an Ophthalmologist? Your Eyes & the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens ... t Look Now Never look directly at the sun, even when squinting or wearing sunglasses. Doing so ...

  15. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... be purchased over-the-counter or on the Internet," says Thomas Steinemann, MD, professor of ophthalmology at ... ask for a prescription. There is no such thing as a "one size fits all" contact lens. ...

  16. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... because the bacteria can cause infection. Use a bag of ice or frozen vegetables instead. High Tech ... colored contact lenses to enhance their costumes. From blood-drenched vampire eyes to glow-in-the-dark ...

  17. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During ... Eye Protection Eyesight Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Protect Your Sight ...

  18. Contact Detection Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kockara

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A process that determines whether two or more bodies make contact at one or more points is called contact detection or collision detection. Contact detection is inseparable part of the computer graphics, surgical simulations, and robotics etc. There are large of methods that are used for collision detection. We will review a few of the most common ones. Algorithms for contact determination can be grouped into two general categories - broad-phase and narrow-phase-. This paper provides a comprehensive classification of a collision detection literature for the two phases. Moreover, we have attempted to explain some of the existing algorithms which are not easy to interpret. In the process, we have tried to keep sections self-explanatory without sacrificing depth of the coverage.

  19. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Guidelines Home Remedies for Simple Eye Problems Medical Marijuana for Glaucoma Pregnancy Preventing Eye Injuries Smokers Sports ... use of colored contact lenses , from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Are the colored lenses ...

  20. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... immediate medical attention from an ophthalmologist. Related resources: Learn more by listening to the Academy's audio PSA in English (mp3 audio) and Spanish (mp3 audio). Learn how to properly care for contact lenses . Learn ...

  1. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Topics > EyeSmart Tips Protect Your Sight Every Day Wear a hat and sunglasses year round to prevent ... from an eye-care professional in order to wear any kind of contact lens. In Butler's case, ...

  2. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... eye care provider for your condition or treatment. Are You Fit at 40? A baseline eye exam ... spooky, eye-popping touch. But colored contact lenses are popular year-round, not just at Halloween. But ...

  3. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... medical doctor — who will measure each eye and talk to you about proper contact lens care. Obtain ... preserving your vision. Privacy Policy Email address © 2015 American Academy of Ophthalmology medical disclaimer privacy policy sponsorship & ...

  4. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes ... permanent loss of your eyelashes. Hold the Rib Eye Don’t put raw meat on a black ...

  5. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

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  6. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sell contacts without a prescription are breaking the law, and may be fined $11,000 per violation. " ... is strictly prohibited by US and international copyright law. You may link from your website to any ...

  7. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... injury. Never lean over the battery and always wear safety goggles. Eye Protection Works Wearing the proper ... from an eye-care professional in order to wear any kind of contact lens. In Butler's case, ...

  8. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... MD, professor of ophthalmology at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. "This is far from the truth." ... Resources EyeWiki contact us sitemap Reproducing text or images from this website is strictly prohibited by US ...

  9. Medical Virtual Public Services

    OpenAIRE

    Surugiu, Iulia; Velicanu, Manole

    2008-01-01

    The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. R...

  10. The Virtual Monte Carlo

    OpenAIRE

    Hrivnacova, I.; Adamova, D.; Berejnoi, V.; Brun, R.; Carminati, F.; Fasso, A.; Futo, E.; Gheata, A.; Caballero, I. Gonzalez; Morsch, A.; Collaboration, For The Alice

    2003-01-01

    The concept of Virtual Monte Carlo (VMC) has been developed by the ALICE Software Project to allow different Monte Carlo simulation programs to run without changing the user code, such as the geometry definition, the detector response simulation or input and output formats. Recently, the VMC classes have been integrated into the ROOT framework, and the other relevant packages have been separated from the AliRoot framework and can be used individually by any other HEP project...

  11. The RDF Virtual Machine

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez, Marko A.

    2008-01-01

    The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a semantic network data model that is used to create machine-understandable descriptions of the world and is the basis of the Semantic Web. This article discusses the application of RDF to the representation of computer software and virtual computing machines. The Semantic Web is posited as not only a web of data, but also as a web of programs and processes.

  12. The virtual oil company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ''clutter,'' these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth

  13. Virtual blood bank

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Kit Fai

    2011-01-01

    Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood co...

  14. Virtual sign translator

    OpenAIRE

    Escudeiro, Paula; Escudeiro, Nuno; Reis, R.; Barbosa, Maciel; Bidarra, José; Baltazar, Ana Bela; Gouveia, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    In this paper authors present the overall study that includes the model developed (VS Model) and the experiences performed, with an automatic bidirectional sign language translator, between written and sign language, which is being supervised by the research group GILT (Graphics, interaction & learning technologies) under the frame of a national project called Virtual Sign (VS project). This project aims to develop and evaluate a model that facilitates access for the deaf and hearing impaired...

  15. Primitive Virtual Negative Charge

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Kiyoung

    2008-01-01

    Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-...

  16. Virtual private network (VPN)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A virtual private network (VPN) is the essential security feature that allows remote monitoring systems to take advantage of the low communications cost of the internet. This paper introduces the VPN concept and summarizes the networking and security principles. The mechanics of security, for example, types of encryption and protocols for exchange of keys between partners, are explained. Important issues for partners in different countries include the interoperability and mutual accreditations of systems. (author)

  17. Virtual Palpation Gripper

    OpenAIRE

    Ottermo, Maria Vatshaug

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents the design and performance of the Virtual Palpation Gripper, an early prototype of a remote palpation instrument intended for laparoscopic surgery. Psychophysical experiments related to this prototype are also described. In minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic surgery, the interventions are performed with instruments inserted into the body through small incisions. This technique has become increasingly popular and is now considered the gold standard for man...

  18. Virtual Machine Introspection

    OpenAIRE

    Rachana, S. C.; Guruprasad, Dr H. S.

    2014-01-01

    Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Th...

  19. The Virtual Microscope.

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, R.; Moon, B.; Humphries, J.; Sussman, A.; Saltz, J.; Miller, R.; Demarzo, A.

    1997-01-01

    We present the design of the Virtual Microscope, a software system employing a client/server architecture to provide a realistic emulation of a high power light microscope. We discuss several technical challenges related to providing the performance necessary to achieve rapid response time, mainly in dealing with the enormous amounts of data (tens to hundreds of gigabytes per slide) that must be retrieved from secondary storage and processed. To effectively implement the data server, the syst...

  20. Virtual Celebrator Machine

    OpenAIRE

    Huynh, Loi; Stanchev, Peter

    2013-01-01

    There has been a huge growth of social network in the recent years. This trend does not only allow us to get connected and share the information in an efficient way, but also reveals some potential beneficial in dealing with several social issues, such as earthquake detection, social spam detection, flu pandemic tracking, media monitoring, etc. In this paper, we propose a new way of utilizing social network. By implementing what is called a Virtual Celebrator Machine (VCM), we are able to ...

  1. DNA Extraction Virtual Lab

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    This virtual lab from the Genetic Science Learning Center at the University of Utah provides a simple overview of DNA extraction, including what it's used for, illustrations, and an activity using cheek cells and laboratory equipment to isolate DNA. The lab is followed by a classroom activity that allows students and teachers to Extract DNA from Anything Living, using household items like spinach but not little sister's big toe.

  2. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... contact lens wear... Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Describes types of lenses and solutions… Show ... Water & Contact Lenses Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care Systems & ...

  3. Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to contact lens wear... Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Describes types of lenses and solutions… ... Complications Water & Contact Lenses Contact Lens, Lens Care Systems, & Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care ...

  4. Pediatric contact dermatitis

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma Vinod; Asati Dinesh

    2010-01-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in children, until recently, was considered rare. ACD was considered as a disorder of the adult population and children were thought to be spared due to a lack of exposure to potential allergens and an immature immune system. Prevalence of ACD to even the most common allergens in children, like poison ivy and parthenium, is relatively rare as compared to adults. However, there is now growing evidence of contact sensitization of the pediatric population, and i...

  5. ?-Synuclein Tertiary Contact Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jennifer C.; Lai, Bert T.; Kozak, John J.; Gray, Harry B.; Winkler, Jay R.

    2007-01-01

    Tertiary contact formation rates in ?-synuclein, an intrinsically disordered polypeptide implicated in Parkinson's disease, have been determined from measurements of diffusion-limited electron transfer kinetics between triplet excited tryptophan:3-nitrotyrosine pairs separated by 10, 12, 55, and 90 residues. Calculations based on a Markovian lattice model developed to describe intrachain diffusion dynamics for a disordered polypeptide give contact quenching rates for various loop sizes rangi...

  6. Prolongation on Contact Manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Eastwood, Michael; Gover, A Rod

    2009-01-01

    On contact manifolds we describe a notion of (contact) finite-type for linear partial differential operators satisfying a natural condition on their leading terms. A large class of linear differential operators are of finite-type in this sense, and for any such operator we construct a partial connection on a (finite rank) vector bundle with the property that sections in the null space of the operator correspond bijectively, and via an explicit map, with sections parallel for...

  7. Organizações virtuais Virtual organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Augusto Toledo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortemente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração.The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for communication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.

  8. High efficiency virtual impactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental monitoring of atmospheric air is facilitated by a single stage virtual impactor for separating an inlet flow having particulate contaminants into a coarse particle flow and a fine particle flow to enable collection of such particles on different filters for separate analysis. An inlet particle acceleration nozzle and coarse particle collection probe member having a virtual impaction opening are aligned along a single axis and spaced apart to define a flow separation region at which the fine particle flow is drawn radially outward into a chamber while the coarse particle flow enters the virtual impaction opening. Symmetrical outlet means for the chamber provide flow symmetry at the separation region to assure precise separation of particles about a cutpoint size and to minimize losses by wall impaction and gravitational settling. Impulse defocusing means in the probe member provides uniform coarse particle deposition on the filter to aid analysis. Particle losses of less than 1% for particles in the 0 to 20 micron range may be realized

  9. Virtual blood bank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kit Fai

    2011-01-01

    Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood component identification and to enhance personnel traceability and system security. The built-in logics and process constraints in the design of the virtual blood bank can guide the selection of appropriate blood and minimize transfusion risk. The quality of blood inventory is ascertained and monitored, and an audit trail for critical procedures in the transfusion process is provided by the paperless system. Thus, the virtual blood bank can help ensure that the right patient receives the right amount of the right blood component at the right time. PMID:21383930

  10. Medical Virtual Public Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia SURUGIU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. Requirements and specific rules of these medical services are considered, and personalization of user preferences will to be supported. The architecture is based on adaptable process management technologies, allowing for virtual services which are dynamically combined from existing national medical services. In this way, a comprehensive workflow process is set up, allowing for service-level agreements, an audit trail and explanation of the process to the end user. The process engine operates on top of a virtual repository, providing a high-level semantic view of information retrieved from heterogeneous information sources, such as national sources of medical services. The system relies on a security framework to ensure all high-level security requirements are met. System’s architecture is business oriented: it focuses on Service Oriented Architecture - SOA concepts, asynchronously combining Web services, Business Process Management – BPM rules and BPEL standards.

  11. Contact complete integrability

    CERN Document Server

    Khesin, B

    2009-01-01

    Complete integrability in a symplectic setting means the existence of a Lagrangian foliation leaf-wise preserved by the dynamics. In the paper we describe complete integrability in a contact set-up as a more subtle structure: a flag of two foliations, Legendrian and co-Legendrian, and a holonomy-invariant transverse measure of the former in the latter. This turns out to be equivalent to the existence of a canonical $\\R\\ltimes \\R^{n-1}$ structure on the leaves of the co-Legendrian foliation. Further, the above structure implies the existence of $n$ contact fields preserving a special contact 1-form, thus providing the geometric framework and establishing equivalence with previously known definitions of contact integrability. We also show that contact completely integrable systems are solvable in quadratures. We present an example of contact complete integrability: the billiard system inside an ellipsoid in pseudo-Euclidean space, restricted to the space of oriented null geodesics. We describe a surprising acce...

  12. Contact complete integrability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khesin, B.; Tabachnikov, S.

    2010-10-01

    Complete integrability in a symplectic setting means the existence of a Lagrangian foliation leaf-wise preserved by the dynamics. In the paper we describe complete integrability in a contact set-up as a more subtle structure: a flag of two foliations, Legendrian and co-Legendrian, and a holonomy-invariant transverse measure of the former in the latter. This turns out to be equivalent to the existence of a canonical ? ? ? n-1 structure on the leaves of the co-Legendrian foliation. Further, the above structure implies the existence of n commuting contact fields preserving a special contact 1-form, thus providing the geometric framework and establishing equivalence with previously known definitions of contact integrability. We also show that contact completely integrable systems are solvable in quadratures. We present an example of contact complete integrability: the billiard system inside an ellipsoid in pseudo-Euclidean space, restricted to the space of oriented null geodesics. We describe a surprising acceleration mechanism for closed light-like billiard trajectories.

  13. Tomato contact dermatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Evy; Christensen, Lars P

    2012-01-01

    The tomato plant (Solanum lycopersicum) is an important crop worldwide. Whereas immediate-type reactions to tomato fruits are well known, contact dermatitis caused by tomatoes or tomato plants is rarely reported. The aims of this study were to present new data on contact sensitization to tomato plants and review the literature on contact dermatitis caused by both plants and fruits. An ether extract of tomato plants made as the original oleoresin plant extracts, was used in aimed patch testing, and between 2005 and 2011. 8 of 93 patients (9%) tested positive to the oleoresin extracts. This prevalence is in accordance with the older literature that reports tomato plants as occasional sensitizers. The same applies to tomato fruits, which, in addition, may cause protein contact dermatitis. The allergens of the plant are unknown, but both heat-stable and heat-labile constituents seem to be involved. The fruit contains fragrance compounds that are also present in Myroxylon pereirae (balsam of Peru), possibly accounting for cross-reactivity. The proteins in pulp and peel may contribute to protein contact dermatitis. Until more is known about the allergens, the diagnosis of contact dermatitis caused by tomato plants and fruit may be established with the use of ether extracts and fresh fruits, respectively.

  14. Developing a Virtual Book – Material for Virtual Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Morten Fahlvik; Anne Karin Larsen; Grete Oline Hole

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the process of, and considerations taken when Virtual Learning Materials were developed for an international study in Comparative Social Work arranged by the VIRCLASS project. The steps taken and the elements included in the Virtual Book – A Guide to Social Work in Europe are presented in details to inform others who are planning to make virtual learning materials. Students from 11 countries in Europe participated, and their reception of this material and learning out...

  15. Socio-cultural determinants of adiposity and physical activity in preschool children: A cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kriemler Susi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Both individual socio-cultural determinants such as selected parental characteristics (migrant background, low educational level and workload as well as the regional environment are related to childhood overweight and physical activity (PA. The purpose of the study was to compare the impact of distinct socio-cultural determinants such as the regional environment and selected parental characteristics on adiposity, PA and motor skills in preschool children. Methods Forty preschools (N = 542 children of two culturally different urban regions (German and French speaking part of Switzerland participated in the study (Ballabeina Study. Outcome measures included adiposity (BMI and skinfold thickness, objectively measured sedentary activities and PA (accelerometers and agility performance (obstacle course. Parental characteristics (migrant status, educational level and workload were assessed by questionnaire. Results Children from the French speaking areas had higher adiposity, lower levels of total and of more intense PA, were more sedentary and less agile than children from the German speaking regions (percent differences for all outcome parameters except for BMI ?10%; all p ? 0.04. Differences in skinfold thickness, sedentary activities and agility, but not in PA, were also found between children of Swiss and migrant parents, though they were ?8% (p ? 0.02. While paternal workload had no effect, maternal workload and parental education resulted in differences in some PA measures and/or agility performance (percent differences in both: ?9%, p ? 0.008, but not in adiposity or sedentary activities (p = NS. Regional differences in skinfold thickness, PA, sedentary activities and agility performance persisted after adjustment for parental socio-cultural characteristics, parental BMI and, where applicable, children's skinfolds (all p ? 0.01. Conclusions The regional environment, especially the broader social environment, plays a prominent role in determining adiposity, PA and motor skills of young children and should be implicated in the prevention of obesity and promotion of PA in children. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT00674544

  16. Alanine Transaminase Individual Variation Is a Better Marker than Socio-Cultural Factors for Body Mass Increase in Healthy Males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Henneberg

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Overweight and obesity are considered a major burden on public health in developed countries. Underlying etiologies are enigmatic and metabolic causes have been suggested to various extents before. We analyze links of major blood parameters to individual body mass in a young male cohort, controlling for socio-cultural factors, in order to explore an underlying metabolic cause of obesity. Anthropometric (height, weight physiologic (blood pressure and metabolic data (total cholesterol, alanine transaminase, creatinine, postprandial glucose, blood cell counts, haemoglobin of Swiss conscripts (N = 46,684; 18 - 20 yrs old; 2005-2007 census were examined in the context of their socio-cultural groupings (occupation, mother tongue, religion by ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Swiss Armed Forces recruiting is mandatory, thus each year’s group studied reflects more than 80% of a year’s male Swiss citizen birth cohort. Individual body mass index ranged from 19 kg/m2 (5th percentile to 29 kg/m2 (95th percentile with a median of 22 kg/m2. BMI increases significantly, even within its normal range (18.5 - 25 kg/m2 with increases in alanine transaminase (r2 = 0.10, total cholesterol (r2 = 0.08 and erythrocyte counts (r2 = 0.02. All other parameters, including socio-cultural categories, explain individually 1% or less of total BMI variation. Glucose values do not correlate with BMI significantly, thus suggesting a specific metabolic co-etiology of individual mass increases. There may occur a biochemical anomaly in liver metabolism that underlies development of the metabolic syndrome later in life. Were it so, pharmacological intervention rather than just diet and exercise regime could be more effective treatment of obesity.

  17. Etiologia dos transtornos alimentares: aspectos biológicos, psicológicos e sócio-culturais / Etiology of eating disorders: biological, psychological and sociocultural determinants

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Christina M, Morgan; Ilka Ramalho, Vecchiatti; André Brooking, Negrão.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Os transtornos alimentares possuem uma etiologia multifatorial, composta de predisposições genéticas, socioculturais e vulnerabilidades biológicas e psicológicas. Entre os fatores predisponentes, destacam-se a história de transtorno alimentar e (ou) transtorno do humor na família, os padrões de inte [...] ração presentes no ambiente familiar, o contexto sociocultural, caracterizado pela extrema valorização do corpo magro, disfunções no metabolismo das monoaminas centrais e traços de personalidade. A dieta é o comportamento precursor que geralmente antecede a instalação de um transtorno alimentar. Contudo, a presença isolada da dieta não é suficiente para desencadear o transtorno alimentar, tornando-se necessária uma interação entre os fatores de risco e outros eventos precipitantes. Por último, o curso transitório ou crônico de um transtorno alimentar está relacionado à persistência de distorções cognitivas, à ocorrência de eventos vitais significativos e a alterações secundárias ao estado de desnutrição. Abstract in english Eating disorders have a multifactorial etiology, composed by genetic predisposition, sociocultural factors, and biological and psychological vulnerabilities. Among the predisposing factors, emphasis is given to a history of eating and/or mood disorders, personality traits, patterns of family interac [...] tion, alterations in brain monoamines and sociocultural overvalued drive for thinness. Dieting is the most frequently event present at the onset of an eating disorder. Nevertheless, dieting itself is not sufficient to precipitate an eating disorder. An interaction among risk factors and other precipitating events is necessary. Finally, the chronic or transitory course of an eating disorder is related to the persistence of distorted cognitions, to the occurrence of significant vital events, and to starvation-induced psychobiological alterations.

  18. A Virtual Environment Using Virtual Reality and Artificial Neural Network

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Rahaman Wahab Sait; Mohammad Nazim Raza

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we describe a model, which gives a virtual environment to a group of people who uses it. The model is integrated with an Immersible Virtual Reality (IVR) design with an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) interface which runs on internet. A user who wants to participate in the virtual environment should have the hybrid IVR and ANN model with internet connection. IVR is the advanced technology used in the model to give an experience to the people to feel a virtual environment as a re...

  19. Desarrollo psicológico, aprendizaje y enseñanza: una comparación entre el enfoque socio-cultural y el análisis conductual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Dembo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Al contrastar diversos enfoques contemporáneos sobre la psicología del desarrollo, llama la atención que conceptualizaciones teóricas diferentes a menudo dan lugar a prácticas educativas similares, así como prescripciones semejantes para la promoción del desarrollo psicológico. En el presente trabajo, se comparan las estrategias educativas propuestas desde dos perspectivas teóricas diferentes: el enfoque sociocultural y el análisis conductual. Se destacan numerosas coincidencias entre estas dos posturas que no suelen considerarse compatibles ni similares, en la líteratura psicológica. Tal situación puede resultar aparentemente paradójica sí se considera que la práctica es, o debe ser, una derivación directa de principios teóricos.

  20. Betel Nut Chewing in Hawai‘i: Is it Becoming a Public Health Problem? Historical and Socio-Cultural Considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Pobutsky, Ann M.; Neri, Enrico I.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the socio-cultural significance of betel nut use among Micronesians, in light of the recent migration of Micronesians to Hawai‘i. The different ways of chewing betel nut are the result of historical changes within Micronesia over time due to Spanish and US colonialism as well as the introduction of tobacco. These divergent ways of chewing may have different risks or impacts on health and it remains to be seen whether or not betel nut will become a significant public he...