WorldWideScience
 
 
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Figuring the transnational ‘Child-to-be-adopted’: The web as a virtual sociocultural contact zone for intercountry adoption  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents our research which is part of a larger project that explores how to track and understand the linguistic, discursive and sociocultural contact zones or networks brought about by intercountry adoption. Using mediated discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, membership categorisation analysis and interaction analysis, the project attempts to trace a host of discourses and contingent practices of care and kinship that are heterogeneously assembled to ‘tra...

Mcilvenny, Paul; Raudaskoski, Pirkko

2005-01-01

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Figuring the Transnational 'Child-to-be-adopted' : The Web as a Virtual Sociocultural Contact Zone for Intercountry Adoption  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents our research which is part of a larger project that explores how to track and understand the linguistic, discursive and sociocultural contact zones or networks brought about by intercountry adoption. Using mediated discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, membership categorisation analysis and interaction analysis, the project attempts to trace a host of discourses and contingent practices of care and kinship that are heterogeneously assembled to ‘translate’ a child (legally and/or willingly) from one familial ‘place’ or network in the world to another, crossing linguistic, sociocultural, racial, class and national boundaries in the process. We introduce in this paper our first observations of the discursive construction of the ‘child-to-be-adopted’ in the pre-adoption stage. We focus on the crucial role of the ‘intimate public sphere’ of the Internet from the parents’ point-of-view, specifically their personal web pages and online diaries that anticipate the ‘transnational’ mobility of the ‘waiting’ or abandoned child in a faraway place.

McIlvenny, Paul; Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

2005-01-01

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The Consequences of Mobility : Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The book is an anthology of articles investigating – from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives – the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: • Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, in...

2006-01-01

4

The Consequences of Mobility : Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The book is an anthology of articles investigating – from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives – the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: • Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, including codeswitching and other manifestations of the construction of sociocultural identities in face-to-face interaction • Language contact in society and in the world, and social hierarchies between languages: consequences of (mobility driven) language spread, and the ensuing processes of redefining linguistic differences and identities: language competition, language promotion and language discrimination • The complex relationship between language and culture: how can we envisage mobility and language spread across cultural areas without conceptualizing language as culturally neutral? (cp. the frequent conceptualization of English as culturally neutral) • Language contact in the individual: multiple language competencies and the idea of plurilingualism - in Europe and in the world • The concept of linguaculture/languaculture, and studies related to this concept. • Language and sociocultural identity: how can we address this issue thinking both of first languages and of languages functioning as second and foreign languages? • The concepts of first language (mother tongue), second language, foreign language, and lingua franca: how can we develop and refine these analytical concepts taking into consideration the complexities of language contacts and plurilingual competencies?

2005-01-01

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El uso del campus virtual en el practicum de psicopedagogía: un enfoque constructivista y sociocultural  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

En éste trabajo se presenta la organización y seguimiento del prácticum en el marco de una universidad virtual. Desde una visión constructivista y sociocultural de la enseñanza, del aprendizaje y de la evaluación, la propuesta plantea un modelo de prácticum de la licenciatura de 2º ciclo de Psicopedagogía,  que conjuga  la tutorización y el seguimiento del trabajo de los estudiantes en el centro de prá...

Llorenç Andreu Barrachina; Mayordomo Saiz, Rosa M.; Anna Espasa Roca; Gillermo Bautista Pérez

2011-01-01

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Transnational organizational considerations for sociocultural differences in ethics and virtual team functioning in laboratory animal science.  

Science.gov (United States)

Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working with sociocultural differences in ethics and by knowing how to facilitate appropriate virtual team actions. Associated practices include implementing codes and policies transcend cultural, ethnic, or other boundaries and equipping virtual teams with the needed technology, support, and rewards to ensure timely and productive work that ultimately promotes good science and patient safety in drug development. PMID:20587155

Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne

2010-05-01

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El uso del campus virtual en el practicum de psicopedagogía: un enfoque constructivista y sociocultural  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En éste trabajo se presenta la organización y seguimiento del prácticum en el marco de una universidad virtual. Desde una visión constructivista y sociocultural de la enseñanza, del aprendizaje y de la evaluación, la propuesta plantea un modelo de prácticum de la licenciatura de 2º ciclo de Psicopedagogía,  que conjuga  la tutorización y el seguimiento del trabajo de los estudiantes en el centro de prácticas simultáneamente con un trabajo de reflexión sobre la práctica que se lleva a cabo en el aula del campus virtual. La aplicación de esta metodología aporta muchos beneficios formativos para los estudiantes puesto que garantiza la adquisición de destrezas propias de la intervención psicopedagógica en un contexto determinado conjuntamente con la reflexión sobre los contextos, finalidades y objetivos de la intervención psicopedagógica. Las repercusiones, ventajas e inconvenientes de éste modelo de prácticum se analizan teniendo en cuenta también las directrices del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior.ABSTRACTUsing the virtual campus in the practicum of psychopedagogy: a socio-cultural and constructivist approach. The Practicum  (post-graduate teacher education is an area critical to the formation of a student to finish college.In the new framework of European Higher Education Area(EHEA,classroom practices have become even more important for the development of the skills required for a particular professional profile. In this paper we present the organization and monitoring of the Practicum as part of a virtual university. From a constructivist and socio-cultural teaching, learning and assessment, the proposal presents a model of practicum of the degree of 2nd cycle of psychopedagogy, which combines mentoring and monitoring the work of students in the training center work simultaneously with a reflection on practice which takes place in the classroom of the virtual campus. The results are analyzed from the satisfaction questionnaire administered to students at the end of each semester, which assesses four areas: overall satisfaction, teaching activities, resources and assessment of learning. The application of this methodology has many benefits for students training as skill acquisition warrants intervention own psychology in context togetherwith reflection on the contexts, purposes and objectives of the psychopedagogy intervention. The implications, advantages and disadvantages of this model of practicum are discussed taking into account the guidelines of the European Higher Education Area.

Llorenç Andreu Barrachina

2011-12-01

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Social Contact in Virtual Learning Environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term “social”, in this context is taken to mean “purposeful communication” and not “recreational socializing” (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)

Heilesen, Simon

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Hybrid Contacts for CZT Virtual Frisch-grid Detectors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In our previous design of virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors, the charge drift-lines can be terminated at the side surfaces before the carriers reach the collecting anode; this results in a loss of signal from the interacting events near the detector's edges. Here, we describe our new design for the anode contact that reduces these edge effects by focusing the electric field towards the detectors' central axes. Four detectors were fabricated with the new hybrid anode contact, and their performances were evaluated and compared to those from the previous design for our virtual Frisch-grid detectors. The results obtained for all four showed similar improvement: therefore, we illustrate them with the findings from one detector.

Camarda G.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Chan, W.; Cui, Y.; Gul R.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; Yang, G.; James, R.B.

2011-08-22

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Generating Virtual Eye Contacts Through Online Synchronous Communications in Virtual Classroom Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the characters of the Internet clearly via generating relatively new terms or concepts. “Virtual eye contact” concept is one of these. In this article, this concept is considered with a specific application of synchronous internet-based e-learning environments which is virtual classroom platform application. Explanation, technological infrastructure and benefits of this concept and training of the trainers to use this nonverbal communication type more powerfully are explained and discussed.

T. Volkan YUZER

2007-01-01

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Multimodal contact cues for object manipulation in augmented and virtual environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis aims to increase our knowledge about the planning and organization of aiming and prehensile movements in augmented and virtual environments and to better understand how sensory information, such as vision, haptics and especially audition, is used for planning and control of simple movements. Five experiments were performed to investigate the importance of sensory contact cues when pointing and grasping augmented and virtual targets in computer-generated environments, with the hand...

Zahariev, Mihaela-anca

2007-01-01

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The study about planetary gearbox virtual prototyping with nonlinear gear contact characteristics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The virtual prototypes of gear transmission system built in most multi-body dynamic software have difficulties in describing the gear mesh characteristics. The gear mesh contact is modelled as rigid contact and this is not accurate for the gear mesh contact, which is elastic or flexible. The gear contact formula used in the multi-body dynamic software does not reveal the gear contact nonlinear stiffness characteristic. The model built with gear meshing contact is difficult to solve because of its time-consuming algorithm. In the paper a new method is put forward to build the virtual prototype of planetary gearbox system according to the nonlinear mesh stiffness and mesh phase obtained through FEM models. This new FEM method of gear mesh stiffness calculation is much more accurate than the common formulas. The gear mesh nonlinear stiffness of sun gear- pinion and pinion-ring gear of all the planetary gear sets in gearbox are obtained through MATALB code, which is used to read and plot the analyzing result data. The gear mesh phase differences between different pinions with suns or rings of different planetary gear set can be also obtained. With all these data modelled in simulink (or other software) and integrated with the multi-body dynamic planetary gearbox model and the gear meshing contact problem in multi-body gear models is solved easily and accurately. The interfaces for gear mesh stiffness and mesh phases are designed for multi-body dynamic model and simulink. or multi-body dynamic model and simulink. The nonlinear planetary gear set prototyping models are integrated to become the whole planetary gear box model and the whole vehicle system model built in multi-body dynamic software can be integrated to simulate different duty conditions. At last high speed input is put into the nonlinear planetary transmission model and the different duty cases are simulated. The dynamic characteristics of different parts are obtained. The dynamic characteristic comparison between nonlinear and linear models is made. It solves the difficulty of gear contact simulation in multi-body dynamic model and provides a new method in gear mesh stiffness calculation, which exports simulationX (or other software) model of nonlinear gear stiffness to replace that in multi-body dynamic model and succeeds in integrating planetary gear transmission with other parts of the vehicle. According to the simulation results, the conclusion can be made that the nonlinear modelling method for planetary gearbox is reliable and practical. It can be used to evaluate vibration characteristic of planetary gear transmission with high speed input

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Contact-based ligand-clustering approach for the identification of active compounds in virtual screening  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Alexey B Mantsyzov,1 Guillaume Bouvier,2 Nathalie Evrard-Todeschi,1 Gildas Bertho11Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris, France; 2Institut Pasteur, Paris, FranceAbstract: Evaluation of docking results is one of the most important problems for virtual screening and in silico drug design. Modern approaches for the identification of active compounds in a large data set of docked molecules use energy scoring functions. One of the general and most significant limitations of these methods relates to inaccurate binding energy estimation, which results in false scoring of docked compounds. Automatic analysis of poses using self-organizing maps (AuPosSOM represents an alternative approach for the evaluation of docking results based on the clustering of compounds by the similarity of their contacts with the receptor. A scoring function was developed for the identification of the active compounds in the AuPosSOM clustered dataset. In addition, the AuPosSOM efficiency for the clustering of compounds and the identification of key contacts considered as important for its activity, were also improved. Benchmark tests for several targets revealed that together with the developed scoring function, AuPosSOM represents a good alternative to the energy-based scoring functions for the evaluation of docking results.Keywords: scoring, docking, virtual screening, CAR, AuPosSOM

Mantsyzov AB

2012-09-01

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Sociocultural approach to textbook  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present an overview of textbook research at the Institute of psychology, intended to postulate socio-cultural approach to textbook. Shifting the textbook from classical pedagogical-psychological context into the broader and more inspiring cultural context, has led to the conceptualization of textbook as a cultural-supportive system of individual development. We consider firstly, the theoretical background of this conception, founded in Vygotskian idea of cultural mediation of development and then, its operationalization through the concept of cultural-supportive tools. The transfer from theory to practice is presented through the most important practical implications, such as defining the genre specificities of textbook and principles of educational design of textbooks. As a distinctive issue, we also consider the way this approach to textbook (theoretical articulation, analytical concepts, and practical implications contributes to development of socio-cultural paradigm in psychology.

Peši? Jelena M.

2005-01-01

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Socio-Cultural Knowledge in Conversational Inference  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In addition to words and grammar, socio-cultural knowledge is also of vital importance in the interpretation of conversations. Socio-cultural knowledge helps participants to get contextualization cues and together with other signaling channels, participants will be able to perceive the context-bound information and prepare their appropriate responses. Socio-cultural knowledge is indispensable in our modern society where people have widely varying communicative and cultural backgrounds, which needs to be further studied.

Xiaomei Yang

2009-07-01

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Epidemiología sociocultural: una perspectiva necesaria / Sociocultural epidemiology: an essential aproach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analiza la necesidad de una perspectiva epidemiológica incluyente que atienda las diversas dimensiones del daño a la salud como fenómeno reflejo de la sociedad. Ello demanda una diversificación metodológica y operativa ante realidades sanitarias donde opera sistemáticamente la cultura y la organi [...] zación social. Se postulan algunos elementos definitorios y operativos de la epidemiología sociocultural como referente para dinamizar la relación entre disciplinas y sectores a partir de problemas específicos relevantes para la salud pública. Abstract in english The necessity of an inclusive epidemiological approach, capable to attend the diverse dimensions involved in health damage as a reflective phenomenon of society is analyzed. The range of perspectives involved requires an inclusive methodological scope and applicative channels, in order to deal with [...] sanitary realities systematically related to culture and social organization. Some constitutive elements of sociocultural epidemiology are underlined, shaping an operative proposal that can enhance the relationship between disciplines and sectors regarding specific outstanding public health problems.

Paul, Hersch-Martínez.

2013-10-01

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Sociocultural determinants of induced abortion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the frequency of induced abortion and identity the role of sociocultural factors contributing to termination of pregnancy and associated morbidity and mortality in hospital setting. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were admitted for induced abortion were interviewed in privacy. On condition of anonymity they were asked about the age, parity, family setup and relationships, with particular emphasis on sociocultural reasons and factors contributing to induction of abortion. Details of status of abortionist and methods used for termination of pregnancy, the resulting complications and their severity were recorded. Results: Out of total admissions, 57(2.35%) gave history of induced abortion. All women belonged to low socioeconomic class and 59.6% of them were illiterate. Forty-three (75.5%) of these women had never practiced concentration. Twenty-four (42%) were grandmultiparae and did not want more children. In 29 women (50.9%) the decision for abortion had been supported by the husband. In 25 (43.8%) abortion was carried out by Daiyan (traditional midwives). Serious complications like uterine perforation with or without bowel injury were encouraged in 25 (43.8%) of these women. During the study period illegally induced abortion accounted for 6 (10.5%) maternal deaths. Conclusion: Prevalence of poverty, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-practice of contraception are strong determinants of induced abortion. (author) abortion. (author)

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Discourse, computation and context – sociocultural DCLA revisited  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper expands the sociocultural analysis of earlier discourse centric learning analytics (DCLA) to discuss the pedagogic functions of discourse, and the implications of these functions for DCLA. Given the importance of discourse for learning [13], and the potential of computers to (a) scaffold effective discourse and (b) give meaningful feedback on such discourse, it is important that DCLA are well theorised. Sociocultural theory emphasises context, and discourse “in action” in its...

Knight, Simon; Littleton, Karen

2013-01-01

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Book review: The handbook of sociocultural anthropology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"The Handbook of Sociocultural Anthropology." James G. Carrier & Deborah B. Gewertz. Bloomsbury Academic. January 2013. --- The Handbook of Sociocultural Anthropology seeks to present a state of the art overview of the subject – its methodologies, current debates, history and future. It provides a consideration of the general state of the discipline at a time when there is notable uncertainty about its foundations, composition and direction. James Cuffe finds much to recommend.

Cuffe, James

2013-01-01

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Sociocultural Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims at presenting a brief overview of the major theoretical claims of the sociocultural theory (SCT) of mind and mental development with particular attention to how it relates to the learning and teaching of second/foreign languages. The sociocultural perspective has profound implications for teaching, schooling, and education. The main idea of this psychological view of human development is that social interaction is responsible for the development of higher order functions. In t...

Mansoor Fahim; Mastaneh Haghani

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Sociocultural Theories of Learning and Motivation: Looking Back, Looking Forward. Research on Sociocultural Influences on Motivation and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

It is now nearly thirty years since sociocultural theories of learning created great excitement and debate amongst those concerned with learning in diverse contexts. Since that time significant advances have been made in sociocultural theory and research. Various sociocultural approaches to the understanding of learning (for example, sociocultural

McInerney, Dennis M., Ed.; Walker, Richard A., Ed.; Liem, Gregory Arief D., Ed.

2011-01-01

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Risks in socio-cultural perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An exposition is presented of the principles of a socio-cultural risk theory based on the statement 'Risk is structured uncertainty'. It deals with hazards of human behaviour, risk as a challenge, hazards in nature and in culture, in science and enterprise, to close with a few words on today's crisis and uncertainty. (Auth.)

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National Consciousness: Socio-cultural Perspectives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is focused on topical aspects of national consciousness formation in terms of global instability. The modern socio-cultural situation demands objective and correct approach to the issues, con with definition of nature and essence of the national. Authors of the article offer their own analysis of transformation of national consciousness of the Kazakhstan society.

Pavel P. Soloshchenko

2013-01-01

24

Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Acquisition  

Science.gov (United States)

Second language acquisition (SLA) research informed by sociocultural theory (henceforth, SCT) began in earnest with the publication of Frawley & Lantolf's (1985) article on L2 (second language) discourse (described in the timeline proper). Since then, well over 300 journal articles, book chapters and doctoral dissertations have appeared in the…

Lantolf, James P.; Beckett, Tracy G.

2009-01-01

25

Childhood and violence: the sociocultural aspects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article discusses the issues of violence of social institutions and family towards children. The authors observe different theoretical approaches as a background for the violence studies, and also regard sociocultural factors of violence. The paper presents the actual tendencies of family violence as a social issue in the contemporary Russian society and shows possible ways of solving the problem.

Kovalchuk O. V.

2012-01-01

26

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

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A SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH TO SCIENCE EDUCATION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

I present a sociocultural approach to research and science education that incorporates a recursive relationship between transformation and theory, acknowledges the strengths of subjectivity, and regards difference as a resource for learning. The methodology incorporates hermeneutic-phenomenology, reflexive inquiry, and event-oriented inquiry. Research on emotions contextualizes methodologies for multidisciplinary and multi-level research. Finally, a new journal that was d...

Kenneth Tobin

2013-01-01

28

Anorexia Nervosa: Sociocultural Factors and Treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines how the epidemiological findings of anorexia nervosa lead theorists to speculate a correlation between sociocultural factors and the development of anorexia nervosa. A section on the essential features of anorexia nervosa identifies five primary characteristics of anorexia: (1) severe weight loss; (2) a disturbance of body…

Williams, Jennifer

29

Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individ...

Maria Alice De Mattos Pimenta Parente; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle Zimmermann; Rochele Paz Fonseca

2012-01-01

30

A Sociocultural Approach to Recognition and Learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This is a case study of goldsmith craft apprenticeship learning and recognition. The study includes 13 participants in a goldsmith's workshop. The theoretical approach to recognition and learning is inspired by sociocultural theory. In this article recognition is defined with reference to Hegel’s understanding of the concept as a transformed struggle of granting acknowledgement to another person plus receiving acknowledgement as a person. It is argued that the notion of recognition can enha...

Peter Musaeus

2006-01-01

31

SOCIO-CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF INFANT MALNUTRITION IN CAMEROON.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary This study seeks to explore and explain the socio-cultural factors responsible for the incidence of infant malnutrition in Cameroon with particular emphasis on northern Cameroon where it is most accentuated. It combines quantitative data drawn from the 1991, 1998, 2004 and 2011 Cameroon Demographic and Health Surveys, as well as a literature review of publications by the WHO and UNICEF. This is further complemented with qualitative data from various regions of Cameroon, partly from a national ethnographic study on the ethno-medical causes of infertility in Cameroon conducted between 1999 and 2000. Whereas socio-cultural factors related to child feeding and maternal health (breast-feeding, food taboos and representations of the colostrum as dangerous for infants) are widespread throughout Cameroon, poverty-related factors (lack of education for mothers, natural disaster, unprecedented influx of refugees, inaccessibility and inequity in the distribution of health care services) are pervasive in northern Cameroon. This conjunction of factors accounts for the higher incidence of infant malnutrition and mortality in northern Cameroon. The study suggests the need for women's empowerment and for health care personnel in transcultural situations to understand local cultural beliefs, practices and sentiments before initiating change efforts in infant feeding practices and maternal health. Biomedical services should be tailored to the social and cultural needs of the target population - particularly women - since beliefs and practices underpin therapeutic recourse. Whereas infant diarrhoea might be believed to be the result of sexual contact, in reality, it is caused by unhygienic conditions. Similarly, weaning foods aimed at transmitting ethnic identity might not meet a child's age-specific food needs and might instead give rise to malnutrition. PMID:24717356

Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis; Fubah, Mathias Alubafi

2014-04-01

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Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente

2012-12-01

33

The Subjectivity of the Translator and Socio-cultural Norms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis attempts to probe into the dialectical relationship between the subjectivity of the translator and socio-cultural norms. The socio-cultural norms inevitably regulate the translator’s translating activity, as acceptability of the translated text is the primary concern of most translators. Howeve...

Denghua Pei

2010-01-01

34

Sociocultural Contexts of Time to First Sex among Hispanic Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the sociocultural influences on risk of first sex among Hispanic teens living in Los Angeles County. Hispanic teens living in low-density Hispanic neighborhoods have significantly higher risk of sex than do teens living in neighborhoods with higher levels of ambient hazards. Results highlight the importance of characterizing sociocultural

Upchurch, Dawn M.; Aneshensel, Carol S.; Mudgal, Jyoti; McNeely, Clea Sucoff

2001-01-01

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Cognitive and Sociocultural Perspectives: Two Parallel SLA Worlds?  

Science.gov (United States)

Looking back at the past 15 years in the field of second language acquisition (SLA), the authors select and discuss several important developments. One is the impact of various sociocultural perspectives such as Vygotskian sociocultural theory, language socialization, learning as changing participation in situated practices, Bakhtin and the…

Zuengler, Jane; Miller, Elizabeth R.

2006-01-01

36

Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, [...] the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta, Parente; Maria Teresa, Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle, Zimmermann; Rochele Paz, Fonseca.

2012-12-01

37

EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000. Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different factors involved. To achieve this, this literature review aims to explore the central concepts of sociocultural theories and how such perspectives assist researchers in examining the interaction involved in the field of second language research.

PEI-LUN KAO

2010-10-01

38

The Subjectivity of the Translator and Socio-cultural Norms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This thesis attempts to probe into the dialectical relationship between the subjectivity of the translator and socio-cultural norms. The socio-cultural norms inevitably regulate the translator’s translating activity, as acceptability of the translated text is the primary concern of most translators. However, this does not mean that the subjectivity of the translator is suppressed. The translator, in the wider socio-cultural context, assumes the subjective role in the translation process. The descriptive nature of these norms provides the great possibility for the translator to exert his subjectivity, which can be realized by the translator’s active manipulations on the source text. This point is well illustrated in the practical translation as the translator’s behaviour is constrained by a list of socio-cultural norms such as politics, ideology, ethics, morality and religion.

Denghua Pei

2010-08-01

39

EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL) research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000). Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different fa...

PEI-LUN KAO

2010-01-01

40

Regulation of positive and negative emotion: effects of sociocultural context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previous research has demonstrated that the use of emotion regulation strategies can vary by sociocultural context. In a previous study, we reported changes in the use of two different emotion regulation strategies at an annual alternative cultural event, Burning Man (McRae, Heller, John, & Gross, 2011). In this sociocultural context, as compared to home, participants reported less use of expressive suppression (a strategy generally associated with maladaptive outcomes), and greater use o...

KateriMcRae; SaraA.Snyder; Meganheller, S.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

PLEs from virtual ethnography of Web 2.0  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article presents an exploratory research based on the virtual ethnography from an environment of research and learning including new technologies. The ethnography is a method of qualitative research of social sciences that is mainly used in the socio-cultural Anthropology, where it has its theoretical basis. The target was to explore the web 2.0 and its tools. The process of participant observation is by means of a blog, other tools and virtual communities. The result is a...

Monguet Fierro, Jose? Mari?a; Ojeda Rodri?guez, Jordi; Torres, Luis; Gonzalez, Hugo

2010-01-01

42

La salud pública. Un fenómeno sociocultural complejo  

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Full Text Available El tema de la salud, es recurrente en las ciencias del hombre. Es lógico, pues se trata de un problema sensible que de una forma u otra preocupa a toda la humanidad. Es consustancial a su ser esencial, a su conciencia de finitud y sus ansias de trascendencia. La salud no es sólo ausencia de enfermedad y condición que aleja la muerte. Ese final que tanto tememos y que la ciencia intenta vencer. La salud es mucho más. No es sólo la sana existencia. Es el vivir a plenitud, tanto desde el punto de vista social como material y espiritual. Por ello, referirse a la salud es remitirse a uno de esos problemas que hoy día la ciencia ubica como fenómeno complejo y multidisciplinario. Dicha denominación no desecha su esencia contradictoria; al contrario, revela con fuerza las múltiples mediaciones, determinaciones y condicionamientos que le son inmanentes, y que hacen que devenga en un sistema complejo. Este abordaje de la salud determina que estemos en presencia de un problema de naturaleza biológico y sociocultural, que las ciencias de la salud y otras disciplinas no deben soslayar. Por esta misma razón, el estudio de la salud pública, definida por las características y condiciones de salud presentes en los grupos sociales en distintos niveles de análisis: comunitario; municipal; estatal; regional; nacional e internacional, debe darse a partir de una perspectiva multidisciplinaria y transdisciplinaria, en la cual los conceptos de atención primaria; promoción de la salud; modo de vida y estilo de vida, en tanto elementos determinantes y condicionantes de los niveles de salud de la población, deberían constituir los aspectos prioritarios de toda política pública sanitaria.

Jos\\u00E9 F. Garc\\u00EDa-Rodr\\u00EDguez

2007-01-01

43

Computation lithography: Virtual reality and virtual virtuality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Computation lithography is enabled by a combination of physical understanding, mathematical abstraction, and implementation simplification. An application in the virtual world of computation lithography can be a virtual reality or a virtual virtuality depending on its engineering sensible-ness and technical feasibility. Examples under consideration include design-for- manufacturability and inverse lithography. © 2009 Optical Society of America.

Lam, Ey; Wong, Akk

2009-01-01

44

Modelling the Sociocultural Contexts of Science Education: The Teachers' Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

A growing body of research argues that teachers' beliefs and practices should be studied within the sociocultural contexts of their work because the relationship between their beliefs and practices is both complex and context-dependent. There is a need for further research in this area in understudied contexts such as developing countries, in order to promote effective education in schools and the professional development of teachers. This paper argues that if this `black box' of sociocultural contexts in which science teachers are embedded is better understood, it may be possible to identify specific aspects of these contexts related to educational organizations that act as either supports or barriers to pedagogical reform or to implementing innovations in science education. Consequently, the main purpose of this study is to explore the sociocultural contexts of ten Egyptian science teachers and to what extent these sociocultural contexts help in understanding teachers' pedagogical beliefs and practices. This paper, by utilizing a multi-grounded theory approach and qualitative methods, reveals a variety of sociocultural contexts that are related to teachers' pedagogical beliefs and practices.

Mansour, Nasser

2013-02-01

45

Antimicrobial resistance gene distribution: a socioeconomic and sociocultural perspective  

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Full Text Available The appearance of resistance to many first-line antimicrobial agents presents a critical challenge to the successful treatment of bacterial infections. Antimicrobial resistant bacteria and resistance genes are globally distributed, but significant variations in prevalence have been observed in different geographical regions. This article discusses possible relationships between socioeconomic and sociocultural factors and regional differences in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their associated resistance genes. Findings indicate that the few studies that have been conducted to understand relationships between socioeconomic and sociocultural factors and antimicrobial resistance have focused on patterns of phenotypic antibiotic resistance. Yet, a critical need exists for molecular studies of human influences on bacterial resistance and adaptation. We propose that the results of these studies, coupled with well-coordinated culturally appropriate interventions that address specific socioeconomic and sociocultural needs may be necessary to reduce the scourge of antimicrobial resistance in both developing and developed countries.

Ojo, Kayode K.

2008-09-01

46

DESIGN, EVALUATION AND SYSTEMATIZATION OF PROJECTS OF COMMUNITY SOCIOCULTURAL TRANSFORMATION / DISEÑO, EVALUACIÓN Y SISTEMATIZACIÓN DE PROYECTOS DE TRANSFORMACIÓN SOCIOCULTURAL COMUNITARIA  

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Full Text Available The projects of socio-cultural transformation as a way of materializing the social and cultural policies are made up to satisfy the population’s needs. These are the operational translation of those policies. The imperative of this way looking-up is to increase the socio-cultural and the efficiency impacts on the implementation of those policies. In Cuban experience, the looking-up of projects has had positive results for the socio-cultural development as in the different territories as in institutions. A way through which can be fulfilled a communitarian transformation is by means of the execution of socio-cultural transformation projects, which are considered as proposal of solution to situations that exist in the socio-cultural reality. They are constituted by a set of activities which are carried out co-ordinately to fulfil the objective in a certain period of time; the importance of this matter has influenced in the determination of the following research.

Rafaela Macías Reyes

2013-09-01

47

Predictores de la adaptación sociocultural de estudiantes universitarios extranjeros en Argentina / Predictors of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign university students in Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El interés para realizar esta investigación surgió a partir de que Argentina recibe un número creciente de estudiantes de otros países latinoamericanos, atraídos por el idioma, el prestigio académico y las condiciones económicas. Como resultado del contacto intercultural, los estudiantes atraviesan [...] el proceso psicológico denominado aculturación, que implica cambios afectivos, comportamentales y cognitivos. En virtud de lo antedicho, este estudio se propuso identificar predictores de adaptación sociocultural en función de variables sociodemográficas, culturales y psicológicas de estudiantes que decidieron realizar sus estudios universitarios en Argentina. Participaron 216 estudiantes migrantes que se encontraban cursando diferentes carreras universitarias, el 57% eran mujeres (n = 124) y el 43% varones (n = 92), con un promedio de edad de 24.18 años (DE = 4.55). El 86% (n = 186) había nacido en Latinoamérica. El restante 14% provenía de países de Europa y Asia. El tiempo promedio de residencia en Argentina era de 3.31años. Se emplearon diferentes instrumentos diseñados ad hoc y/o adaptados para medir las variables involucradas en el estudio. A partir de los resultados obtenidos, no se pudo corroborar la influencia por parte de variables sociodemográficas (edad y tiempo de residencia). En cambio, entre las variables culturales se constató que percibir bajos niveles de discriminación y ansiedad intergrupal predice buenos niveles de adaptación sociocultural. En cuanto a las variables psicológicas, se corroboró que el apoyo social y la satisfacción percibida contribuyen a la adaptación sociocultural. En términos globales, las variables culturales y psicológicas predicen con mayor éxito la adaptación sociocultural en relación alas sociodemográficas. Abstract in english The interest of this research arises from that Argentina received a growing number of students from other Latin-American countries. International migration has risen exponentially in recent decades due to advances in technology and communications. According to the International Organization for Migr [...] ation (OIM, 2010), the estimated number of international migrants in the world for that year was 214 million, doubling the previous two decades. Globalization has promoted exchanges among different cultures, but also caused the collision between different value systems, beliefs and customs that, in many cases, generates situations of confusion or discomfort in people (Furnham & Bochner, 1986). Approximately 2.9million people each year decide to make or complete their studies in other countries (OECD, 2008). Argentina receives an increasing number of students from other Latin-American countries, attracted by the language, the academic prestige of the local universities and the favorable economic conditions (Filmus, 2007). At the present, international students represent 1.6% of university students in Argentina. Therefore, Argentina is the fourth host country of America, after United States, Canada and Uruguay. As a result of intercultural contact, students go through the psychological process called acculturation, which involves affective, behavioral and cognitive changes. Taking into account the antecedents mentioned, this research proposed to identify predictors of socio-cultural adaptation based on socio-demographic, cultural and psychological variables, in international students who decided to make their university studies in Argentina. The participants of the study were 216 migrant students who were studying different careers. 57% were women (n = 124) and 43% males (n = 92) with an average age of 24.18 years (SD = 4.55). 86% (n = 186) were born in Latin-America. The remaining 14% came from Europe and Asia. The average residence time in Argentina was 3.31 years. The reasons for their arrival in Argentina were diverse, 50% (n = 108) of them considered that Argentina was a good place to study for its academic prestige and low costs. The remaini

Alejandro, Castro Solano; María Laura, Lupano Perugini.

2013-12-01

48

Aids, drogas, riscos e significados: uma construção sociocultural AIDS, drugs, risks and meanings: a sociocultural construction  

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Full Text Available O artigo analisa discursos sobre o risco do HIV/Aids e das drogas, extraídos de duas pesquisas qualitativas desenvolvidas entre jovens de escolas públicas e jovens participantes em programas e serviços sociais públicos. Os dados provieram de grupos focais, oficina e resposta escrita a uma questão aberta; e questionário com questões fechadas e abertas. O texto se baseia em dois eixos de análise presentes no caso da aids e das drogas. O primeiro se relaciona à projeção do risco para um território distante estabelecido pela figura do "outro". O segundo se refere à busca do prazer trazido pelo sexo e pelas drogas, prazer constituído pela sensação de vertigem, de êxtase, de perda dos sentidos, componente oposto à racionalidade esperada pelo discurso preventivo. A compreensão sociocultural do risco nos levou a considerar que, embora cientes do discurso preventivo relacionado aos efeitos negativos das drogas e do HIV/Aids, os jovens o incorporam de forma particular, na qual aparecem inconsistências, ambivalências e ambigüidades. Concluímos que a linguagem do risco para os jovens é diferente daquela presente na área da saúde. Os riscos são concebidos e controlados em meio a diferenças culturais e não reduzidos à probabilidade de ocorrência de um evento negativo, como tratado pela linguagem racional moderna.The article analyzes the discourse about the risk represented by HIV/Aids and drugs, found in two qualitative researches carried out with youngsters from public schools and from public social services and programs. The data came, for the first research, from focus groups, workshops and a written answer to an open question; and for the second one, a questionnaire with close and open questions. This text is based on two analysis axes which occur in both cases, aids and drugs. The first one is related to the projection of the risk to a distant territory established by the figure of the "other". The second one is related to the search for pleasure provided by sex and drugs, pleasure which derives from dizziness, ecstasy, senses'loss, opposed to the rationality expected by the preventive discourse. The sociocultural comprehension of the risks led us to consider that, in spite of the knowledge about the preventive discourse of the negative effects related to aids and drugs, this is done with inconsistency, ambivalence and ambiguities. It is concluded that the language of the risk for the youngsters is different from the one presented in the health area. These risks are conceived and controlled within the framework of cultural differences, not being reduced to the probability of a negative event, as in the modern rational language.

Maria Angela Silveira Paulilo

2005-03-01

49

Antimicrobial resistance gene distribution: a socioeconomic and sociocultural perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The appearance of resistance to many first-line antimicrobial agents presents a critical challenge to the successful treatment of bacterial infections. Antimicrobial resistant bacteria and resistance genes are globally distributed, but significant variations in prevalence have been observed in different geographical regions. This article discusses possible relationships between socioeconomic and sociocultural factors and regional differences in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria...

Ojo, Kayode K.; Sapkota, Amy R.; Ojo, Tokunbo B.; Pottinger, Paul S.

2008-01-01

50

Digital Divide among Youth: Socio-Cultural Factors and Implications  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to examine socio-cultural differences in internet use (Digital Divide) among 14-year-old Austrian pupils, in particular usage scenarios and research competences. It is based on a paper presented at the International Association for the Development of the Information Society e-Society conference, 10-13 March 2011, Spain…

Parycek, Peter; Sachs, Michael; Schossbock, Judith

2011-01-01

51

Education for Sustainable Development, Participation and Socio-Cultural Change  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper argues for a historical and socio-cultural approach to participation as a key concept in a democratically oriented education for sustainable development (ESD). With three empirical examples from a non-formal educational setting, it demonstrates that even though a relatively open framework is provided for genuine participation, certain…

Laessoe, Jeppe

2010-01-01

52

Sociocultural Influences on Body Image Concerns of Young Chinese Males  

Science.gov (United States)

This research assessed the extent to which sociocultural factors implicated in explanations of weight dissatisfaction among young Western females extend to sources of body image concern in emerging adult and adolescent males from the People's Republic of China. In Study 1, 219 Mainland Chinese male university students completed measures of stature…

Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong

2008-01-01

53

Sociocultural Influences on Science Education: Innovation for Contemporary Times  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews the significant sociocultural literatures on science studies, cultural diversity, and sustainability science to develop theoretical perspectives for science education more suitable to the challenges of contemporaneity. While the influences of science studies and cultural diversity are not uncommon within the science education…

Carter, Lyn

2008-01-01

54

Modeling socio-cultural processes in network-centric environments  

Science.gov (United States)

The major focus in the field of modeling & simulation for network centric environments has been on the physical layer while making simplifications for the human-in-the-loop. However, the human element has a big impact on the capabilities of network centric systems. Taking into account the socio-behavioral aspects of processes such as team building, group decision-making, etc. are critical to realistically modeling and analyzing system performance. Modeling socio-cultural processes is a challenge because of the complexity of the networks, dynamism in the physical and social layers, feedback loops and uncertainty in the modeling data. We propose an overarching framework to represent, model and analyze various socio-cultural processes within network centric environments. The key innovation in our methodology is to simultaneously model the dynamism in both the physical and social layers while providing functional mappings between them. We represent socio-cultural information such as friendships, professional relationships and temperament by leveraging the Culturally Infused Social Network (CISN) framework. The notion of intent is used to relate the underlying socio-cultural factors to observed behavior. We will model intent using Bayesian Knowledge Bases (BKBs), a probabilistic reasoning network, which can represent incomplete and uncertain socio-cultural information. We will leverage previous work on a network performance modeling framework called Network-Centric Operations Performance and Prediction (N-COPP) to incorporate dynamism in various aspects of the physical layer such as node mobility, transmission parameters, etc. We validate our framework by simulating a suitable scenario, incorporating relevant factors and providing analyses of the results.

Santos, Eunice E.; Santos, Eugene, Jr.; Korah, John; George, Riya; Gu, Qi; Kim, Keumjoo; Li, Deqing; Russell, Jacob; Subramanian, Suresh

2012-05-01

55

Trust Building in Virtual Communities  

Science.gov (United States)

By using different types of communication networks various groups of people can come together according to their private or business interest forming a Virtual Community. In these communities cooperation and collaboration plays an important role. As trust is the base of all human interactions this fact is even more valid in case of virtual communities. According to different experiments the level of trust in virtual communities is highly influenced by the way/mode of communication and by the duration of contact. The paper discusses the ways of trust building focusing on communication technologies and security aspects in virtual communities.

Mezgár, István

56

PLEs from virtual ethnography to social web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observación participante,la cual se realizó participando en comunidades virtuales y por medio de un blog y otrasherramientas 2.0. El resultado de la experiencia etnográfica es un modelo descriptivo dela web 2.0 basado en un Entorno Personal de Aprendizaje (PLE.

Luis Torres

2011-12-01

57

Regulation of positive and negative emotion: Effects of sociocultural context  

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Full Text Available Previous research has demonstrated that the use of emotion regulation strategies can vary by sociocultural context. In a previous study, we reported changes in the use of two different emotion regulation strategies at an annual alternative cultural event, Burning Man (McRae, Heller, John, & Gross, 2011. In this sociocultural context, as compared to home, participants reported less use of expressive suppression (a strategy generally associated with maladaptive outcomes, and greater use of cognitive reappraisal (a strategy associated with adaptive outcomes. What remained unclear was whether these changes in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use were characterized by changes in the regulation of positive emotion, negative emotion, or both. We addressed this issue in the current study by asking Burning Man participants separate questions about positive and negative emotion. Using multiple datasets, we not only replicated our previous findings, but also found that the decreased use of suppression is primarily driven by reports of decreased suppression of positive emotion at Burning Man. By contrast, the reported increased use of reappraisal is not characterized by differential reappraisal of positive and negative emotion at Burning Man. Moreover, we observed novel individual differences in the magnitude of these effects. The contextual changes in self-reported suppression that we report are strongest for men and younger participants. For those who had previously attended Burning Man, we observed lower levels of self-reported suppression in both sociocultural contexts: Burning Man and home. These findings have implications for understanding the ways in which certain sociocultural contexts may decrease suppression, and possibly minimize its associated maladaptive effects.

KateriMcRae

2013-07-01

58

El estudio educativo de las emociones : una aproximación sociocultural  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

En este trabajo, presentamos una línea de estudios que tiene como finalidad desarrollar una pedagogíaemocional, fundamentada teóricamente en el enfoque sociocultural y respaldada portrabajos empíricos que orienten modelos y propuestas para una coeducación sentimental. Temáticascomo el fracaso escolar, la teleformación y e-learning y la coeducación articulan los trabajosempíricos y tesis doctorales de esta línea sobre emociones y educación.Posteriormente, presentamos un estudio orie...

Rebollo Catala?n, Mari?a A?ngeles; Hornillo Go?mez, Inmaculada; Garci?a Pe?rez, Rafael

2006-01-01

59

78 FR 13309 - ArborGen Inc.; Availability of Petition, Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact...  

Science.gov (United States)

...copies of the petition, contact Ms. Cindy Eck at...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT above. After the...will be hosting two virtual meetings during the...natural resources and sociocultural resources if it is...natural resources and sociocultural resources....

2013-02-27

60

Wireless virtualization  

CERN Document Server

This SpringerBriefs is an overview of the emerging field of wireless access and mobile network virtualization. It provides a clear and relevant picture of the current virtualization trends in wireless technologies by summarizing and comparing different architectures, techniques and technologies applicable to a future virtualized wireless network infrastructure. The readers are exposed to a short walkthrough of the future Internet initiative and network virtualization technologies in order to understand the potential role of wireless virtualization in the broader context of next-generation ubiq

Wen, Heming; Le-Ngoc, Tho

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Virtual marketing in virtual enterprises  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtualization caused tremendous evolution in the economics of marketing channels, patterns of physical distribution and the structure of distributors and developed a new concept that is known as virtual marketing (VM). VM combines the powerful technologies of interactive marketing and virtual reality. Virtual enterprise (VE) refers to an organization not having a clear physical locus. In other words, VE is an organization distributed geographically and whose work is coordinated through e...

Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Fattahi, Hamaid Ali; Golnam, Arash

2008-01-01

62

The Role of Cognitive Apprenticeship in Learning Science in a Virtual World  

Science.gov (United States)

This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, "Science games and the development of possible selves". In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on…

Ramdass, Darshanand

2012-01-01

63

Estrategias de aculturación y adaptación psicológica y sociocultural de estudiantes extranjeros en la Argentina / Acculturation strategies and psychological and sociocultural adaptation of foreign students in Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementació [...] n de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la perspectiva del migrante y la de los miembros de la cultura huésped. Participaron del estudio dos muestras de estudiantes universitarios (125 estudiantes extranjeros de diferentes carreras universitarias y 121estudiantes universitarios argentinos). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron los siguientes: las formas real e ideal de la Encuesta de Estrategias Aculturativas de Berry (1997), una escala de discriminación percibida y para examinar las medidas de adaptación, se administraron escalas de adaptación sociocultural y de adaptación académica diseñadas ad-hoc y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985). Los resultados señalan que la estrategia preferida es la integración y la menos utilizada, la de marginalización. Tanto la percepción del migrante como la del estudiante huésped coinciden con respecto al uso de la estrategia aculturativa preferida, coincidiendo las percepciones tanto del propio sujeto en proceso de aculturación como la de los miembros de la cultura receptora. La integración es la estrategia que trae mejores resultados adaptativos. Aquellos que optaron por el estilo integrativo, eran los migrantes que percibían mayor satisfacción con la vida y un mejor ajuste a la vida académica en general. Abstract in english At present the number of foreign university student is one of the largest in modern history. It has been characterized as those who reside voluntarily and temporarily abroad in order to participate in educational exchange with the intention of returning to their country once they have achieved the p [...] urpose of their trip. These kinds of student have been classified as sojourners (temporary residents) and they are people who migrate from one cultural context for a relatively long time (6 months to 5 years). In the last decade Argentina start hosting a large amount of foreign university students, attracted by the language, the favorable economic conditions and the prestige of universities in Latin America. University students have to deal with a psychological phenomenon called acculturation and it is the process of psychological and cultural change resulting from intercultural contact. Adaptation to this event can be either psychological or cultural. The psychological is related to the well-being experienced as a result of cultural contact. Cultural adaptation involves the implementation of social skills needed to function effectively within a complex cultural environment. Based on acculturation Berry´s model a study was designed to test the acculturative strategies applied by a group of foreign students who had migrated to carry on university studies in Argentina. Berry propose two separate dimensions: (1) immigrants feel their cultural identity and customs as valuable enough to keep them in the host society (maintenance) and (2) relationships with other people or groups in society are truly valuable to identified and encouraged (participation). These dimensions lead to four acculturation strategies. (a) Integration: the migrant try to maintain their cultural heritage and also maintains contact with the dominant cultural group. (b) Assimilation: the individual does not retain their native culture and attempts to maintain contact only with dominant culture members. (c) Marginalization: occurs when the migrant has no interest or ability to pursue their native culture and it is unlikely to come into contact with the host culture. (d) Separation: this occurs when the migrant is able to maintain

Alejandro, Castro Solano.

2011-07-01

64

Students’ Socio-cultural Competence Development, Using English and Russian Phraseological Units  

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Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural competence development. The set of exercises on socio-cultural competence development on the material of English and Russian phraseological units, developed by authors, include language and speech tasks; tasks based on project and creative research activity methods, which are the basis of development of the main socio-cultural skills that are necessary in intercultural communication

Umit I. Kopzhasarova

2013-01-01

65

New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages  

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Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.

Alegría Majluf

2003-06-01

66

Socio-cultural sustainability of pig production: Citizen perceptions in the Netherlands and Denmark.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisi...

Boogaard, B. K.; Boekhorst, L. J. S.; Oosting, S. J.; Sorensen, J. T.

2011-01-01

67

Cross-cultural variations in Big Five relationships with religiosity: A sociocultural motives perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

A sociocultural motives perspective (SMP) on Big Five relationships is introduced. According to the SMP, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness elicit assimilation to sociocultural norms, Openness elicits contrast from these norms, and Extraversion and Neuroticism are independent of sociocultural assimilation and contrast. Due to sociocultural assimilation, then, relationships of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness with an outcome wax (become more positive or less negative) with that outcome's increasing sociocultural normativeness. Due to sociocultural contrast, relationships of Openness with an outcome wane (become less positive or more negative) with that outcome's increasing sociocultural normativeness. We tested the SMP using religiosity as our outcome. Study 1 included 4 cross-sectional self-report data sets across 66 countries (N = 1,129,334), 50 U.S. states (N = 1,057,342), 15 German federal states (N = 20,885), and 121 British urban areas (N = 386,315). Study 2 utilized informant-report data across 37 countries (N = 544,512). Study 3 used longitudinal data across 15 German federal states (N = 14,858). Results consistently supported the SMP. Relationships of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness with religiosity were more positive in religious sociocultural contexts than in secular contexts. Relationships of Openness with religiosity were more negative in religious sociocultural contexts than in secular contexts. At a more general level, the SMP offers theory-driven explanations for cross-cultural variations in Big Five relationships with their outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25180757

Gebauer, Jochen E; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Gosling, Samuel D; Rentfrow, Peter J; Lamb, Michael E; Potter, Jeff

2014-12-01

68

Virtual Congresses  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A new form of scientific medical meeting has emerged in the last few years—the virtual congress. This article describes the general role of computer technologies and the Internet in the development of this new means of scientific communication, by reviewing the history of “cyber sessions” in medical education and the rationale, methods, and initial results of the First Virtual Congress of Cardiology. Instructions on how to participate in this virtual congress, either actively or as an o...

Lecueder, Silvia; Manyari, Dante E.

2000-01-01

69

Virtual Reflexes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual Reality is used successfully to treat people for regular phobias. A new challenge is to develop Virtual Reality Exposure Training for social skills. Virtual actors in such systems have to show appropriate social behavior including emotions, gaze, and keeping distance. The behavior must be realistic and real-time. Current approaches consist of four steps: 1) trainee social signal detection, 2) cognitive-affective interpretation, 3) determination of the appropriate bod...

Jonker, Catholijn; Broekens, Joost; Plaat, Aske

2014-01-01

70

Virtual reality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual reality is still in its infancy. However, many contemporary applications already have proven virtual reality to be indispensable to everyday life. For instance, the technology of virtual product design and manufacturing makes the new products better and cheaper. The applications of VR in medicine allow doctors to diagnose a disease more accurately. Without a doubt, it has and will foster more innovative research and applications. High-resolution, low-lag and low-price systems will be ...

Lacra?ma?, Dan L.; Dorina Fera

2011-01-01

71

Virtual Neuron  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurons are able to communicate with each other using biochemicals called neurotransmitters. Use Virtual Neuron to explore neurotransmitter properties, make neurons fire, and manipulate neural circuits.

2009-04-14

72

Socio-Cultural and Political Implications of Environmental Damage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to analyze the socio-cultural and political implications of environmental damage. The methodology used in the study is qualitative approach, which is a research process to understand and investigate the social or human problem based on the traditions of a particular research methodology. The conclusion from this study, in terms of socio-political aspect, the government should develop the implementation of biocracy/ bio-democracy, which treats nature as a citizen who has the rights to be protected and developed according to its function.

Bambang Yuniarto

2012-10-01

73

Implicaciones educativas de la teoría sociocultural de Vigotsky  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar la teo-ría sociocultural del Lev Vigotsky y reflexionar sobre lasimplicaciones educativas de dicha teoría en los procesosde enseñanza y aprendizaje que se organizan en la es-cuela. Con base en los postulados de Vigotsky, se invita alas docentes y los docentes a repensar su práctica peda-gógica y a promover cambios en su labor profesional conel fin de ofrecer una educación más contextualizada ysignificativa que ayude a formar personas críticas y crea-tivas que contribuyan a construir una sociedad más de-mocrática y solidaria

Ana Lupita Chaves Salas

2001-01-01

74

The Potential for Vygotskian Sociocultural Perspective in Researching Researcher Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper builds on the recently emerged scholarship of researcher development and considers a potential conceptual framework to inform methodology in research on researcher development. Specifically, I begin by examining the knowledge base of researcher development and discussing a recently proposed agenda for research in the field. I then argue that there is a particular need for a conceptual framework to underpin research on researcher development and consider the potential of a framework that draws upon Vygotskian sociocultural and activity theory. At the end of the paper, I present analysis of qualitative data from existing researcher development literature to illustrate how this framework can be applied empirically.

Minh Hue Nguyen

2012-12-01

75

A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety  

CERN Document Server

This edited volume of original chapters brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety

Rowley, Emma

2011-01-01

76

Review of Relationship science: Integrating evolutionary, neuroscience, and sociocultural approaches.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews the book, Relationship Science: Integrating Evolutionary, Neuroscience, and Sociocultural Approaches by Omri Gilliath, Glen Adams, and Adrianne Kinkel (see record 2011-21701-000). This book elucidates the complexities of relationships by integrating the findings of multiple disciplines across micro and macro levels of research (e.g., the molecular level and the system or population level). The intended audience for this work includes those in the social science fields (psychology and sociology) and those in neuroscience, psychiatry, and other biological sciences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25485832

Corso, Kent A

2014-12-01

77

Virtual termite  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a termite (Order Isoptera). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the Â?HelpÂ? page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0000-00-00

78

Virtual mosquito  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a mosquito (Family Culicidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

79

Virtual fly  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a blow fly (Family Calliphoridae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

80

Virtual flea  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a flea (Order Siphonaptera). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

 
 
 
 
81

Virtual grasshopper  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a grasshopper (Family Acrididae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

82

Virtual bee  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a honey bee (Family Apidae *spelled Apiidae in the image caption*). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

83

Virtual mantis  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a mantis (Family Mantidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the Â?HelpÂ? page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0000-00-00

84

Socio-cultural acceptability of cadaver Transplantation in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Organ transplantation is known to be a new and innovative treatment for patients with progressive organ failures. The present study investigates the current status of transplantation from cadaver along with its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran. The present study is a descriptive research in a systematic review method. Here, by investigating previously conducted researches in Iran during the period 2002-2010, the status of transplantation from cadaver and its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran has been investigated. To collect the data, the access to Iranmedex website, the premier medical data center in Iran, was made possible using the related keywords. The obtained data indicate whereas there is an increase in the number of organ donations from cadaver, it is still low in comparison to other countries. The lack of consent from families of brain-dead patients is a major hurdle on the way of organ transplantation in Iran. In the cases of willingness to donate organs, the major effective factors were the deceased’s religious beliefs and prior tendency. In 66% of the cases, the donors’ families deemed organ donation phenomenon effective in alleviating the sorrow after the death of their beloved ones. The number of organ donation from cadaver in Iran is low contrary to other countries. It seems that general instructions to raise the knowledge on the subject and lay the foundation to increase the tendency towards posthumous organ donation are necessary.

Mobasser N, Zahmatkeshan N, Farhadi N, Nikeghbalian S and Hasankhani H

2012-01-01

85

Human tooth bank: sociocultural profile of a group of donors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To survey the sociocultural profile of a specific group of individuals who donated teeth to the Human Tooth Bank of Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Methods: The research consisted of a questionnaire containing the following information about: Patient’s age, sex, occupation, education, reason for tooth loss and intention to replace the missing tooth by means of prosthesis or implant. The questionnaire was filled out by 50 patients after having the extraction procedure performed and donating the dental organ. The data were compiled and analyzed by means of descriptive and multivariate statistics. Results: The sociocultural profile of the donor was basically composed of individuals in the age group between 30 and 50 years, with educational level ranging from zero to nine or more years of formal schooling. Caries disease was the most frequent reason for tooth loss (36%, followed by periodontal disease (34%. Of the donors analyzed, more than half did not intend to replace the tooth. Furthermore, according to the multivariate analysis, the most relevant factors for assessing the profile of donors were the variables age, orthodontic indication, caries and periodontal disease. Conclusion: This information was shown to be relevant for structuring the oral health care services, as well as in the strategy for obtaining teeth from the Public Health Units.

Mariane Moreira Poletto

2010-04-01

86

Evaluating Socio-Cultural Pedagogy in a Distance Teacher Education Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing pressure has been placed on teacher education to prepare teachers to educate bilingual/bicultural students using scientifically-based teaching methods. Socio-cultural theory and pedagogy have emerged as a research-based foundation for diversity teacher preparation. Socio-cultural theory rests on the premise that learning is social,…

Teemant, Annela

2005-01-01

87

Survival and Success at Secondary School Stage: Looking beyond the Explanation of Socio-Cultural Deprivation  

Science.gov (United States)

A wide spectrum of research literature pointed out socio-cultural deprivation as the dominant explanation for student survival and success in schools. This paper, contending socio-cultural deprivation as inadequate explanation for dropout and detention at secondary level, probed into the role of pupils' foundation knowledge in their survival…

Sarangi, Dibakar; Panda, Smita Rani

2013-01-01

88

"Whistle for Willie," Lost Puppies, and Cartoon Dogs: The Sociocultural Dimensions of Young Children's Composing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that, even for young children, composing of both oral and written texts is sociocultural process. Highlights variation in kind of oral and written genres child uses, in kinds of discourse traditions child draws upon, and kind of relationships child author enacts with others. Discusses implications of sociocultural perspective on young…

Dyson, Anne Haas

1992-01-01

89

Contact and near-contact binary systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reticon spectroscopic observations are presented for the short-period eclipsing binary systems RT Scl and AQ Tuc. Analysis of these data together with new analyses of previously published light curves show that RT Scl is composed of a main-sequence primary component, virtually in contact with its Roche lobe, and a detached secondary component which is approx. 40 per cent larger than expected for its mass. The system AQ Tuc, which has the same total mass and specific orbital angular momentum as RT Scl, is confirmed to be an A-type WUMa contact system. (author)

90

Virtual Satellite  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Satellite (VirtualSat) is a computer program that creates an environment that facilitates the development, verification, and validation of flight software for a single spacecraft or for multiple spacecraft flying in formation. In this environment, enhanced functionality and autonomy of navigation, guidance, and control systems of a spacecraft are provided by a virtual satellite that is, a computational model that simulates the dynamic behavior of the spacecraft. Within this environment, it is possible to execute any associated software, the development of which could benefit from knowledge of, and possible interaction (typically, exchange of data) with, the virtual satellite. Examples of associated software include programs for simulating spacecraft power and thermal- management systems. This environment is independent of the flight hardware that will eventually host the flight software, making it possible to develop the software simultaneously with, or even before, the hardware is delivered. Optionally, by use of interfaces included in VirtualSat, hardware can be used instead of simulated. The flight software, coded in the C or C++ programming language, is compilable and loadable into VirtualSat without any special modifications. Thus, VirtualSat can serve as a relatively inexpensive software test-bed for development test, integration, and post-launch maintenance of spacecraft flight software.

Hammrs, Stephan R.

2008-01-01

91

Virtual Colonoscopy  

Science.gov (United States)

... take laxatives and enemas the night before a virtual colonoscopy. A laxative is medication that loosens stool and increases bowel movements. An enema involves flushing water or laxative into the rectum using a special ...

92

Virtual data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the 1970's, when computers were memory limited, operating system designers created the concept of ''virtual memory'' which gave users the ability to address more memory than physically existed. In the 1990s, many large control systems have the potential for becoming data limited. We propose that many of the principles behind virtual memory systems (working sets, locality, caching, and clustering) can also be applied to data-limited systems - creating, in effect, ''virtual data systems.'' At the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), we have applied these principles to a moderately sized (10,000 data points) data acquisition and control system. To test the principles, we measured the system's performance during tune-up, production, and maintenance periods. In this paper, we present a general discussion of the principles of a virtual data system along with some discussion of our own implementation and the results of our performance measurements

93

Exploring complex sociocultural situations through soft operational research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its normal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.

Maurice Yolles

2010-08-01

94

Socio-cultural Transformation and the Promotion of Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La premisa central de la teoría vygotskiana es que para promover el aprendizaje y, consecuentemente, el desarrollo, es necesario intervenir en el contexto socio-cultural y transformarlo. Una interpretación errónea de la teoría histórico-cultural de Vygotsky ha llevado a decir lo contrario y ha abogado por la adaptación de la enseñanza al contexto, aumentando el fracaso escolar. Este artículo ofrece evidencias del verdadero sentido transformador de la teoría de Vygotsky y muestra cómo los centros educativos de más éxito a nivel internacional comparten la implementación de actuaciones que transforman el entorno social y cultural. Los datos presentados provienen de seis estudios de casos de centros educativos de éxito realizados en cinco países europeos. Los resultados indican que esas actuaciones fomentan el aprendizaje instrumental y, consecuentemente, un desarrollo cognitivo. En todas esas actuaciones es central una didáctica que se dirige a llevar a todas las y los estudiantes a niveles de conocimiento superior.

Roc\\u00EDo Garc\\u00EDa

2010-01-01

95

Body ideals for heterosexual romantic partners: Gender and sociocultural influences.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use. Consuming sports media and watching reality television were the best media predictors of men's judgments about women's bodies. Less variability was explained in women's preferences for men partners' bodies, but endorsing adversarial sexual attitudes was positively related to judging the ideals chosen for men's bodies as important. Results were interpreted within both evolutionary and sociocultural theoretical frameworks. PMID:25462878

Murnen, Sarah K; Poinsatte, Katherine; Huntsman, Karen; Goldfarb, Jesse; Glaser, Daniel

2015-01-01

96

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-04-01

97

El aspecto socio-cultura del pensamiento y del lenguaje: visión Vygotskyana / The socio-cultural aspect of thought and language: the vygotskyan vision  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Una premisa básica de la teoría vygotskyana es la de que toda forma de actividad mental humana de orden superior es derivada de contextos sociales y culturales y que la misma es compartida por los miembros de ese contexto debido a que estos procesos mentales son ajustables. De acuerdo con la teoría [...] sociocultural de Vygotsky, el conocimiento es un fenómeno profundamente social y este fenómeno moldea las formas que el individuo tiene disponibles para pensar e interpretar el mundo. En esta experiencia el lenguaje juega un papel fundamental en una mente formada socialmente porque es nuestra primera vía de contacto mental y de comunicación con otros y representa una herramienta indispensable para el pensamiento. Por considerar que el lenguaje representa un puente muy importante entre el mundo sociocultural y el funcionamiento mental del individuo, Vygotsky calificó la adquisición del lenguaje como la piedra angular del desarrollo cognoscitivo del niño Abstract in english A basic premise of the vygotskyan theory is that every form of human mental activity of superior order derives from social and cultural contexts, and since these mental processes are adjustable, it is shared by the members of that context. According to Vygotsky ’s socio-cultural theory, knowledge is [...] a deeply social phenomenon and this phenomenon molds the ways a person has available to interpret and think about the world. Language plays an important role in a socially educated mind during this experience because it is our first way of mental contact and communication with others and represents an indispensable tool for thinking. Considering that language represents a very important bridge between the socio-cultural world and the individual ’s mental functioning, Vygotsky qualified language acquisition as the cornerstone of children ’s cognositive development

Carmen, Mota de Cabrera; José, Villalobos.

2007-09-01

98

Teleconferencing system using virtual camera  

Science.gov (United States)

Teleconferencing systems are becoming more popular because of advance in image processing and broadband network. Nevertheless, communicating with someone at a remote location through a teleconferencing system still presents problems because of the difficulty of establishing and maintaining eye contact. Eye contact is essential to having a natural dialog. The purpose of our study is to make eye contact possible during dialog by using image processing with no particular devices, such as color markers, sensors, which are equipped users with and IR cameras. Proposed teleconferencing system is composed of a computer, a display attached to the computer, and four cameras. We define virtual camera as the camera, which exists virtually in 3D space. By using the proposed method, we can acquire a front view of a person that is taken with the virtual camera. The image taken with virtual camera is generated by extracting a same feature point among four face images. Feature point sets among four face images are automatically corresponded by using Epipolar Plane Images (EPIs). The users can establish eye contact by acquiring the front face view, and moreover, they also can obtain various views of the image because 3D points of the object can be extracted from EPIs. Through these facilities, the proposed system will provide users with better communication than previous systems. In this paper, we describe the concept, implementation and the evaluation are described in various perspective.

Shibuichi, Daisuke; Tanaka, Tsukasa; Terashima, Nobuyoshi; Tominaga, Hideyoshi

2000-05-01

99

California Virtual Campus  

Science.gov (United States)

California Virtual Campus is essentially a catalog of every virtual or technology-mediated distance education course or program offered by participating California colleges and universities. Users can search for a particular course or find information about pursuing a complete program of study from certificate level to PhD. The site summarizes important information about each course or program, such as in-state and out-of-state fees, email contacts, and registration details. For example, a search returned a list of 30 art-related course offerings at about 20 different institutions. By clicking on a title, "Visionary Artists: A Brief History of Multimedia," I found I could take this course, offered by San Francisco State University, by registering and paying a fee of $5.

100

Virtual Tower  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary responsibility of an intrusion detection system (IDS) operator is to monitor the system, assess alarms, and summon and coordinate the response team when a threat is acknowledged. The tools currently provided to the operator are somewhat limited: monitors must be switched, keystrokes must be entered to call up intrusion sensor data, and communication with the response force must be maintained. The Virtual tower is an operator interface assembled from low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf hardware and software; it enables large amounts of data to be displayed in a virtual manner that provides instant recognition for the operator and increases assessment accuracy in alarm annunciator and control systems. This is accomplished by correlating and fusing the data into a 360-degree visual representation that employs color, auxiliary attributes, video, and directional audio to prompt the operator. The Virtual Tower would be a valuable low-cost enhancement to existing systems

 
 
 
 
101

Sociocultural influences on strategies to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles among ten cultural groups.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study determined how sociocultural messages to change one's body are perceived by adolescents from different cultural groups. In total, 4904 adolescents, including Australian, Chilean, Chinese, Indo-Fijian, Indigenous Fijian, Greek, Malaysian, Chinese Malaysian, Tongans in New Zealand, and Tongans in Tonga, were surveyed about messages from family, peers, and the media to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles. Groups were best differentiated by family pressure to gain weight. Girls were more likely to receive the messages from multiple sociocultural sources whereas boys were more likely to receive the messages from the family. Some participants in a cultural group indicated higher, and others lower, levels of these sociocultural messages. These findings highlight the differences in sociocultural messages across cultural groups, but also that adolescents receive contrasting messages within a cultural group. These results demonstrate the difficulty in representing a particular message as being characteristic of each cultural group. PMID:25497878

McCabe, Marita P; Busija, Lucy; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Ricciardelli, Lina; Mellor, David; Mussap, Alexander

2015-01-01

102

Socio-cultural dimensions in household cooking energy choice : Implications for energy transition in Catembe, Mozambique  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis investigates the theoretical dimension of fuel transition in developing countries; and assesses the role of socio-cultural factors as determinants of fuel choice at household level. Past research has focused on income as a determining factor for fuel transition, as depicted by the energy ladder model, and the more development oriented energy leapfrogging model. This thesis challenges this notion by providing empirical evidence from Catembe, Mozambique; suggesting that socio-cultur...

Atanassov, Boris

2010-01-01

103

The psychological well-being and sociocultural adaptation of short-term international students in Ireland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article reports on an empirical study of the psychosocial adaptation of international students in Ireland. Using measures of social support, loneliness, stress, psychological well-being, and sociocultural adaptation, data were obtained from international students and a comparison sample of Irish students. The study found that, although international students had high levels of social support and low levels of loneliness and stress, students were experiencing high levels of sociocultural ...

O Reilly, Aileen; Ryan, Dermot; Hickey, Tina

2010-01-01

104

A Study On Socio-Cultural Characteristics and Postgraduate Education Willingness Of The Classroom Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to determine the socio-cultural characteristics and willingness of graduate education of teacher candidates. The study consists of 312 candidates including 140 female and 172 male attending to Primary Education Departments in F?rat, ?nönü and Erzincan Universities in the 2008-2009 academic years. This research in which screening model was used a descriptive character. The data were collected with identified socio-cultural characteristics questionnaire by which...

Ko?ksalan, Bahad?r; I?lter, I?lhan; Go?rmez, Erhan

2010-01-01

105

Administrative culture in Nepal: does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

Rameshwor, Dangal

2005-01-01

106

Administrative culture in Nepal:does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

Rameshwor, Dangal

2005-01-01

107

A Animação Sociocultural e a Formação Profissional em Turismo: reflexões sobre a animação turística  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Resumo O presente texto traz alguns pontos-chave que são característicos das atuais discussões sobre a Animação Sociocultural, e tem como objetivo contribuir com as reflexões sobre a mesma e também discutir elementos para se observar a experiência turística. A importância dessas idéias reside na necessidade de ampliar os debates sobre a Animação Sociocultural, buscando um repensar sobre a Animação Turística. Para tal intuito, utilizou-se pesquisa bibliográfica tendo como...

Cleide Gonçalves de Sousa; Leonardo Leite Lacerda

2010-01-01

108

Relating socio-cultural network concepts to process-oriented methodology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"Examining the works of classical sociologists, this study demonstrates that the 'socio-cultural network analysis' is a 'process-oriented methodology'. 'Sociocultural network' is a concept originally proposed on the basis of 'thick comparison' studies conducted of two Thai villages; it includes both cultural elements and social actors. Different from the early classical sociologists (Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer), the later classical sociologists (Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber,...

Onaka, Fumiya

2013-01-01

109

Virtualize Me!  

Science.gov (United States)

John Abdelmalak, director of technology for the School District of the Chathams, was pretty sure it was time to jump on the virtualization bandwagon last year when he invited Dell to conduct a readiness assessment of his district's servers. When he saw just how little of their capacity was being used, he lost all doubt. Abdelmalak is one of many…

Waters, John K.

2009-01-01

110

Virtual Economy  

Science.gov (United States)

Launched February 26, 1999, Virtual Economy (VE) is an Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Biz/ed, and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC-UK) learning tool based on the UK governmental model for economic forecasting and planning. This elaborate site contains a "floor plan" for constructing a functional budget and is complete with teacher and student guides, case studies, and model details.

111

Sociocultural patterning of neural activity during self-reflection  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional MRI, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental, and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs. a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e., interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network.

Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan

2014-01-01

112

Exploring complex sociocultural situations through soft operational research  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its nor [...] mal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.

Maurice, Yolles.

2010-08-01

113

Transformações socioculturais da alimentação hospitalar / Sociocultural transformations in hospital food  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo busca no passado os elementos constituintes da cultura alimentar hospitalar, com o objetivo de encontrar as raízes históricas da alimentação em instituições hospitalares. Pressupõe-se que a dieta não seja apenas resultante de procedimentos tecnocientíficos, mas também historicamente constru [...] ída, criada e recriada perante aspectos econômicos e socioculturais. Realizou-se um mapeamento inicial em arquivos universitários, municipais e hospitalares de Campinas (SP), além de entrevistas com trabalhadores dos serviços de alimentação de três instituições hospitalares. Conclui-se que a valorização de ações e intervenções associadas à tecnologia, em detrimento daquelas identificadas com o universo doméstico, pode ter contribuído para certa negligência dos hospitais com a alimentação, considerada uma área de pouca importância. Abstract in english The article seeks to identify the historical roots of food culture in hospital settings. It assumes that diet is not merely the result of technical and scientific concerns but is also historically constructed, created, and recreated in response to economic and sociocultural elements. The study condu [...] cted a preliminary survey of university, municipal, and hospital archives in Campinas, São Paulo, and included interviews with food service workers at three hospital institutions. Our conclusion is that more value has been placed on initiatives and actions related to technology than on initiatives identified with the domestic world; this may have contributed to a certain tendency for hospitals to neglect the issue of food, deemed of minor importance.

Andresa Michele, Godoy; Doraci Alves, Lopes; Rosa Wanda Diez, Garcia.

1197-12-01

114

Turkish liminal sexualities: A case study of social transformations beyond the ‘real’ and the ‘virtual  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis examines the formation of a social liminal metacognitive layer of sexuality situated between the ‘real’ of the physical world and the ‘virtual’ within cyber and internet culture of the Republic of Turkey. The case study focuses on the dimensions of sexuality defined as the interaction between sexuality and (1) Islam as a socio-cultural system; (2) online technologies - specifically the Internet – as a mediating environment of liberated sexual discourse; and (3) private p...

Tzankova, Veronika Konstantinova

2011-01-01

115

Capaciflector-based virtual force control and centering  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents a novel concept of force control, called virtual force control. The virtual force concept avoids sudden step transition of position control to contact force control resulting in contact force disturbance when a robot end-effector makes contact with the environment. A virtual force/position control scheme consists of two loops: the force control loop and the position control loop. While the position control loop regulates the free motion, the force control loop regulates the contact force after making contact with the environment and the virtual force measured by a range sensor called capaciflector in the virtual environment. After presenting the concept of virtual force control, the report introduces a centering scheme in which the virtual force controller is employed to measure three points on a cone so that its center can be located. Experimental results of a one-degree-of-freedom virtual force control scheme applied in berthing an orbital replaceable unit are reported and compared with those of conventional pure contact force control cases.

Nguyen, Charles C.

1993-02-01

116

Virtual Dice  

Science.gov (United States)

This interactive Flash applet contains a set of four virtual dice with 6, 8, 10 and 12 faces. Clicking a chosen die generates a random value. The values on each die can be customized with the user's own choices to provide flexibility. These values can be up to five digits long and include either positive, negative or a combination of numbers, and can include text or symbols. The dice can be used to generate random numbers in game situations or in studying probability.

Services, Bbc O.

2012-01-01

117

Virtual Sky  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Sky Viewer is sponsored by The Center for Advanced Computing Research at the California Institute of Technology and the Microsoft Corporation. The Web site allows users to view "stunning, seamless images of the night sky; not just an album of popular places, but the entire northern sky at high resolution". Although reading the help link before attempting to use the viewer is recommend, the powerful application gives fascinating and unique views of the sky that most people have never seen. >.

118

Virtual anthropology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparative morphology, dealing with the diversity of form and shape, and functional morphology, the study of the relationship between the structure and the function of an organism's parts, are both important subdisciplines in biological research. Virtual anthropology (VA) contributes to comparative morphology by taking advantage of technological innovations, and it also offers new opportunities for functional analyses. It exploits digital technologies and pools experts from different domains such as anthropology, primatology, medicine, paleontology, mathematics, statistics, computer science, and engineering. VA as a technical term was coined in the late 1990s from the perspective of anthropologists with the intent of being mostly applied to biological questions concerning recent and fossil hominoids. More generally, however, there are advanced methods to study shape and size or to manipulate data digitally suitable for application to all kinds of primates, mammals, other vertebrates, and invertebrates or to issues regarding plants, tools, or other objects. In this sense, we could also call the field "virtual morphology." The approach yields permanently available virtual copies of specimens and data that comprehensively quantify geometry, including previously neglected anatomical regions. It applies advanced statistical methods, supports the reconstruction of specimens based on reproducible manipulations, and promotes the acquisition of larger samples by data sharing via electronic archives. Finally, it can help identify new, hidden traits, which is particularly important in paleoanthropology, where the scarcity of material demands extracting information from fragmentary remains. This contribution presents a current view of the six main work steps of VA: digitize, expose, compare, reconstruct, materialize, and share. The VA machinery has also been successfully used in biomechanical studies which simulate the stress and strains appearing in structures. Although methodological issues remain to be solved before results from the two domains can be fully integrated, the various overlaps and cross-fertilizations suggest the widespread appearance of a "virtual functional morphology" in the near future. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 156:22-42, 2015. © 2014 American Association of Physical Anthropologists. PMID:25418603

Weber, Gerhard W

2015-02-01

119

Virtual impactor  

Science.gov (United States)

A virtual impactor having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency.

Yeh, Hsu-Chi (Albuquerque, NM); Chen, Bean T. (Albuquerque, NM); Cheng, Yung-Sung (Albuquerque, NM); Newton, George J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-08-30

120

Language Contact.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the phenomenon of language contact and recent trends in linguistic contact research, which focuses on language use, language users, and language spheres. Also discusses the role of linguistic and cultural conflicts in language contact situations. (13 references) (MDM)

Nelde, Peter Hans

1995-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Socio-cultural sustainability of pig production: Citizen perceptions in the Netherlands and Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisite to justify animal production within a society. The objective of the present study was therefore to gain further insights into socio-cultural sustainability of pig production. Many citizens may not know what contemporary pig production actually entails. To give people a real life experience with pig production, we conducted farm visits with citizen panels with 18 respondents in the Netherlands and 8 respondents in Denmark. In both countries, respondents were divided over two panels and each panel visited a conventional and an organic pig farm. During the farm visits respondents noted their sensory experiences — what do you smell, hear, see and feel? In addition, each respondent made pictures of six positive and six negative aspects on the farms for which they had to write a motivation. The qualitative analysis resulted in seven socio-cultural themes (SCT) of pig production namely: 1) meat production, 2) farm activities, 3) farm income, 4) animals, 5) housing system, 6) environment and nature, and 7) culture and landscape. Each SCT included several socio-cultural aspects (appreciations, SCA) and socio-cultural issues (concerns, SCI). We identified 31 SCAs in the Netherlands and 33 SCAs in Denmark, of which 29 were SCIs in both countries. Although many issues were associated with animal welfare, the results also showed that social concerns of pig production extended beyond animal welfare. In general it can be stated that citizens are strongly concerned about overexploitation of animals in contemporary pig production systems, but at the same time they appreciate the dynamism in a pig farm including certain modern developments.

Boogaard, B.K.; boekhorst, L.J.S.

2011-01-01

122

Haptic feedback for virtual assembly  

Science.gov (United States)

Assembly operations require high speed and precision with low cost. The manufacturing industry has recently turned attenuation to the possibility of investigating assembly procedures using graphical display of CAD parts. For these tasks, some sort of feedback to the person is invaluable in providing a real sense of interaction with virtual parts. This research develops the use of a commercial assembly robot as the haptic display in such tasks. For demonstration, a peg-hole insertion task is studied. Kane's Method is employed to derive the dynamics of the peg and the contact motions between the peg and the hole. A handle modeled as a cylindrical peg is attached to the end effector of a PUMA 560 robotic arm. The arm is handle modeled as a cylindrical peg is attached to the end effector of a PUMA 560 robotic arm. The arm is equipped with a six axis force/torque transducer. The use grabs the handle and the user-applied forces are recorded. A 300 MHz Pentium computer is used to simulate the dynamics of the virtual peg and its interactions as it is inserted in the virtual hole. The computed torque control is then employed to exert the full dynamics of the task to the user hand. Visual feedback is also incorporated to help the user in the process of inserting the peg into the hole. Experimental results are presented to show several contact configurations for this virtually simulated task.

Luecke, Greg R.; Zafer, Naci

1998-12-01

123

Approach to assessing local socio-cultural impacts using projections of population growth and composition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

All assessment of future domestic development projects assumes that the problems to be examined have been properly identified and defined before the application of a projection technique. An attempt is made to codify socio-cultural problems mentioned in literature and clarify how existing demographic projection techniques can be applied to assessing the problems. The relationship between changes in local population size and composition induced by in-migration and the potential for socio-cultural incompatibilities is described heuristically. For simplification, the problems expected to emerge from differences in demographic composition are classified into three categories: (1) service needs, such as those for housing, recreation, and education; (2) types of social organizations related to capacities for, or constraints on, reaping the benefits of rapid economic development and social changes (e.g., employment and income); and (3) attitudes, values, and cultural perspectives. These areas of concern are very broad, and quantitative projections of population size and composition are more easily related to the first than to the third. Although demographic projection provides a valuable tool for estimating future social change, the knowledge about cause and effect is not sufficient to support the quantification of socio-cultural impact. Therefore, the projections are used only as relative indicators and the assessments of socio-cultural impact based on them are qualitative only. Therefore, identification and assessment of socio-cultural impacts are a means of developing plans to overcome the expected problems.

Baldwin, T. E.; Poetsch, R.

1977-08-01

124

COLONOSCOPIA VIRTUAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colonSince the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy

Manuel Fernández A

2006-01-01

125

COLONOSCOPIA VIRTUAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC) esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes [...] gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software) que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colon Abstract in english Since the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of [...] the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal cancer side by side with fibrocolonoscopy

Manuel, Fernández A; Hernán, Aldana V.

126

Virtual Reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An artificial environment created with co mputer hardware and software and presented to the user in such a way that it appears and feels like a real environment. To "enter" a virtual reality, a user does special gloves, earphones, and goggles, all of which receive their input from the computer system. In this way, at least three of the five senses are controlled by the computer. In addition to feeding sensory input to the user, the devices also monitor the user's actions

Bhavana Gupta

2012-10-01

127

Semantics for virtual humans  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Population of Virtual Worlds with Virtual Humans is increasing rapidly by people who want to create a virtual life parallel to the real one (i.e. Second Life). The evolution of technology is smoothly providing the necessary elements to increase realism within these virtual worlds by creating believable Virtual Humans. However, creating the amount of resources needed to succeed this believability is a difficult task, mainly because of the complexity of the creation process of Virtual Humans. E...

Garcia Rojas Martinez, Alejandra

2009-01-01

128

Russians in Latvia: Peculiarities of Socio-cultural Adaptation and Identity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author identifies trends and variations of the socio-cultural identity and integration of Russians in Latvia. According to the author, since the middle 1990s, two trends have been recognized - first, the “ingrowing” of ethnic Russians into the life of independent Latvia, and second, forming their new identity. The article presents a number of factors hampering the integration of ethnic Russians into Latvian society. Variations and options of socio-cultural identity and integration (or assimilation of the Russian population of Latvia are shown.

Voronov V.

2009-01-01

129

SOCIO-CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE E-MARKETING USERS (CASE OF RASHT TOWNSHIP, IRAN)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of this research was to study the socio-cultural index of rice electronic marketing users in Rasht Township, Iran. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 367 paddy farmers in Rasht Township. To identify the socio-cultural characteristics of rice e-marketing users, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the face and content validity were used. Reliability for the instrume...

Alavioon, Seyed; Allahyari, Mohammad

2013-01-01

130

Virtual Reference Desk  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Reference Desk, a project of the ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) Clearinghouse on Information and Technology and the US National Library of Education, was established to connect the K-12 community to digital reference experts in all fields. At the heart of the site is the AskA+ Locator, a metapage that links to interactive ready reference sites in 21 subjects including arts, health, language arts, sciences, social studies and math. Each site is similar in that it takes questions in its field of expertise and answers those questions. Each site annotation contains author, audience, and contact information, as well as a description of the service. Information for organizations interested in starting up AskA services is provided. In addition, VRD maintains a mailing list, Dig_Ref for those interested in digital reference service.

1997-01-01

131

Comparison of Contact Patterns Relevant for Transmission of Respiratory Pathogens in Thailand and the Netherlands Using Respondent-Driven Sampling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Understanding infection dynamics of respiratory diseases requires the identification and quantification of behavioural, social and environmental factors that permit the transmission of these infections between humans. Little empirical information is available about contact patterns within real-world social networks, let alone on differences in these contact networks between populations that differ considerably on a socio-cultural level. Here we compared contact network data that were collecte...

Stein, Mart L.; Steenbergen, Jim E.; Buskens, Vincent; Heijden, Peter G. M.; Chanyasanha, Charnchudhi; Tipayamongkholgul, Mathuros; Thorson, Anna E.; Bengtsson, Linus; Lu, Xin; Kretzschmar, Mirjam E. E.

2014-01-01

132

On the Relationship between Socio-Cultural Factors and Language Proficiency (Case Study: Shiraz University MA Students)  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between language proficiency and socio-cultural factors among the Iranian MA students registered and entered at Shiraz University in 2008. The second objective was to explore whether or not one or a combination of socio-cultural factors are predictors of language…

Razmjoo, Seyyed Ayatollah; Movahed, Majid

2009-01-01

133

Organizational Culture and Socio-Cultural Values: Perceptions of Managers and Employees in Five Economies in Transition  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey-based study compared socio-cultural values and perceptions of organizational culture characteristics held by more than 3,300 managers and employees in twelve business organizations in Hungary, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. Significant differences were found between the five countries on all socio-cultural and…

Cseh, Maria; Ardichvili, Alexandre; Gasparishvili, Alexander; Krisztian, Bela; Nemeskeri, Zsolt

2004-01-01

134

Sociocultural Aspects of Russian-Speaking Parents' Choice of Language of Instruction for Their Children in Estonia  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research was undertaken to identify sociocultural variables that influence whether Russian-speaking parents living in Estonia choose Russian, Estonian, or bilingual (Russian and Estonian) instruction for their children. To examine which sociocultural variables are related to parents' choice of language of instruction, 346…

Kemppainen, Raija Pini; Ferrin, Scott Ellis; Hite, Steven J.; Hilton, Sterling C.

2008-01-01

135

Sailing against the Wind: Voices of Kenyan Adult Women in U.S. Postsecondary Education and Sociocultural Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the educational and sociocultural experiences of Kenyan women pursing higher education in the United States and how they negotiated their multiple identities. Using a sociocultural theoretical framework and narrative inquiry methodology, seven Kenyan immigrant women pursuing or who recently pursued advanced…

Gatua, Mary Wairimu

2014-01-01

136

Virtual Laboratories  

CERN Document Server

At the frontier of most areas in science, computer simulations play a central role. The traditional division of natural science into experimental and theoretical investigations is now completely outdated. Instead, theory, simulation, and experimentation form three equally essential aspects, each with its own unique flavor and challenges. Yet, education in computational science is still lagging far behind, and the number of text books in this area is minuscule compared to the many text books on theoretical and experimental science. As a result, many researchers still carry out simulations in a haphazard way, without properly setting up the computational equivalent of a well equipped laboratory. The art of creating such a virtual laboratory, while providing proper extensibility and documentation, is still in its infancy. A new approach is described here, Open Knowledge, as an extension of the notion of Open Source software. Besides open source code, manuals, and primers, an open knowledge project provides simul...

Hut, P

2006-01-01

137

Incorporation of Socio-Cultural Values in Damage Assessment Valuations of Contaminated Lands in the Niger Delta  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Damages on contaminated land have been mostly assessed for developments subsisting on the land, neglecting the goods and services derived from the land which possess only socio-cultural values. This paper aims to ascertain the importance of socio-cultural values in the total economic value of contaminated land, drawing from the experience of a coastal community oil spillage in the Niger Delta. The paper examines what constitutes a valuable interest on contaminated land and how socio-cultural factors are valued in the damage assessment process. After reviewing the literature and decided cases, a questionnaire survey was conducted and a sample valuation report was analysed. It is concluded that there exists a socio-cultural interest on contaminated land which professional valuers do not reflect in damage assessment claims. It is recommended that any comprehensive damage assessment requires the incorporation of socio-cultural values in the valuations.

Victor A. Akujuru

2014-07-01

138

Caracterización pedagógica de los entornos virtuales de aprendizaje  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RESUMEN: El trabajo parte de la necesidad de explicar pedagógicamente los llamados entornos virtuales de aprendizaje. Al amparo de los denominados enfoques sociocultural, de la cognición compartida y del aprendizaje situado, así como del paradigma CSCL, el texto trata de profundizar en una línea de reflexión pedagógica sobre las formas como actúan las nuevas tecnologías y, en última instancia, sobre las formas como tienen lugar los procesos formativos en los entornos virtuales y las consecuencias que ello tiene para su diseño y configuración en términos pedagógicos.ABSTRACT: This study derives from the need to give a pedagogical explanation of the socalled virtual learning environments. Taking into account the socio-cultural approaches of distributed cognition and situated learning, as well as the CSCL paradigm, the text seeks to delve deeper into a line of pedagogical reflection on how the new technologies act, and in the last instance, how the educational processes in virtual environments take place as well as the consequences this has for their design and configuration in pedagogical terms.SOMMAIRE: Cette étude répond au besoin d'expliquer pédagogiquement les nommés environnements virtuels d'apprentissage. Prenant en considération les approches socioculturelles, de la cognition partagée, et de l'apprentissage situé, aussi que le paradigme CSCL, le texte essaie d'approfondir dans la réflexion pédagogique concernant la façon dont les nouvelles technologies agissent et, au dernier lieu, concernant la façon dont les processus de formation ont lieu dans les environnements virtuels, ainsi que les conséquences que cela a pour sa conception et la configuration en termes pédagogiques.

Ángel GARCÍA DEL DUJO

2009-11-01

139

Contact binaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Observational statements about close and contact binaries are compared with the theoretical consequences of assuming that contact binaries have a common convective envelope. It is concluded that such contact systems cannot be in thermal equilibrium and that the inefficiency of convective heat transfer of the common envelope must be allowed for. Even so, current theory seems to predict about equal numbers of contact and semidetached systems of short period, in conflict with the observations. (Auth.)

140

Contact Singularities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A contact singularity is a normal singularity $(V,0)$ together with a holomorphic contact form $\\eta$ on $V\\backslash$ Sing $V$ in a neighbourhood of 0, i.e. $\\eta\\wedge (d\\eta)^r$ has no zero, where dim $V=2r+1$. The main result of this paper is that there are no isolated contact singularities.

Campana, Fre?de?ric; Flenner, Hubert

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Els codis socioculturals de la 'viuda desheretada' a "Pilar Prim" de Narcís Oller i a "Middlemarch" de George Eliot [The socio-cultural codes of the 'disinherited widow' in "Pilar Prim" by Narcís Oller and in "Middlemarch" by George Eliot  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The motive of the «disinherited widow» has found until now little consideration in literature. Therefore it is interesting to study two novels published within a few decades of each other and which address this problem: Middlemarch (1871/1872, one of the well-known novels by George Eliot, and Pilar Prim (1906 by Narcís Oller. Although it has not been proven, it seems plausible that Oller knew the English novel, because he read a lot of contemporary literature and, besides this, maintained close contact with French literary circles, where the French translations of Eliot’s novels were familiar. This article studies the socio-cultural differences, analogies and consequences of the forced renunciation of the deceased husband’s fortune of two wealthy widows, because a codicile in testament hinders a second marriage. The main problem is not this renunciation, but that the second husband is poor, and so the widow must choose love, poverty and social isolation or wealth, loneliness and social appreciation.

Soler, Maridès

2006-01-01

142

The Influence of Global Warming Science Views and Sociocultural Factors on Willingness to Mitigate Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

The science education field readily recognizes that perceptions about science's claims and nature influence socioscientific decision making. However, sociocultural factors may overshadow these perceptions when people are forced to make personally impacting choices contextualized within actual socioscientific issues. This investigation…

Herman, Benjamin C.

2015-01-01

143

Socio-Cultural Variation in Reading Comprehension Development among Fifth Graders in Peru  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the socio-cultural variation in reading comprehension development was examined in 331 fifth graders from schools in Lima, Peru. Reading comprehension was measured using an adaptation of the PIRLS Reading Literacy test. The fifth graders' reading comprehension results, measured over the course of fifth grade, were related to the…

Silva, Silvia Morales; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan

2011-01-01

144

Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper, "Languages as Socio-Cultural Capital in the Context of Contemporary Linguistic Reality of Jamaica." examines how the narratives of students can offer useful understanding and insights into their attitudes and achievements in second language acquisition. These situations are specific to Creole-speaking learning environments in Jamaica…

Davids, Melva P.

2013-01-01

145

"Cooking Lunch, That's Swiss": Constructing Hybrid Identities Based on Socio-Cultural Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

This study looks at the discursive construction and negotiation of hybrid identities within binational couples. I analyze conversations produced by Anglophones married to German-speaking Swiss residing in central Switzerland. I employ Bucholtz & Hall's sociocultural linguistic model (2004, 2005, 2010), which views identity as emergent in…

Gonçalves, Kellie

2013-01-01

146

SOCIO-CULTURAL AND MEDICAL INDICATORS OF THE SCHOOLCHILDREN'S QUALITY OF LIFE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An estimate of life quality is based upon medical, psychological and social indicators. It increasingly engages the attention of doctors of medicine, sociologists and psychologists.The aim of this research is to headlight some more relevant socio-cultural parametres in order to determine the quality of life of schoolchildren, that is, to determine whether the crisis in which our society has found itself has produced such socio-cultural conditions that could have induced changes in the children's quality of life and, if they have, to what extent the crisis has been reflected upon their health. The research has comprised 398 schoolchildren and their parents, three elementary schools from Nish and one in Sokobanja.The research of the socio-cultural and medical indicators of their quality of life has shown that the parent's education and ther material position have had an important influence upon the children's life quality.Since there has been no significant presence of any disease recorded in the observed children's sample, it can be concluded that the socio-cultural features have affected the children's life but they have not any significant impact upon their health.

Slobodanka Baši?

2003-01-01

147

Examining the Socio-Cultural Dimension of Schooling in a Racially Integrated School  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the experiences of 20 students of color who voluntarily attend a racially integrated school. The study draws from the Socio-Cultural dimension of schooling as a framework to understand how the students of color fared on a social, cultural, and environmental level within a predominantly White school. Through a questionnaire,…

Huidor, Ofelia; Cooper, Robert

2010-01-01

148

Pen Pal Writing: A Holistic and Socio-Cultural Approach to Adult English Literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study reports the findings implementing a pen pal letter exchange project between adult English language learners and volunteer native English speakers. The pen pal project was implemented using a holistic and socio-cultural approach to English literacy development. This article presents pen pal writing as an authentic language…

Larrotta, Clarena; Serrano, Arlene F.

2012-01-01

149

The Psychological Well-Being and Sociocultural Adaptation of Short-Term International Students in Ireland  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on an empirical study of the psychosocial adaptation of international students in Ireland. Using measures of social support, loneliness, stress, psychological well-being, and sociocultural adaptation, data were obtained from international students and a comparison sample of Irish students. The study found that, although…

O'Reilly, Aileen; Ryan, Dermot; Hickey, Tina

2010-01-01

150

How Does a Newcomer Construct Identity? A Socio-Cultural Approach to Workplace Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this article is to develop the foundations of a socio-cultural approach and to determine how this shapes our perception of a newcomer's construction of identity in two different workplaces: a high-technology delivery ward with newly employed midwives and a real estate agency with newly employed real estate agents. We explore how…

Blaka, Gunnhild; Filstad, Cathrine

2007-01-01

151

Lo Sociocultural en la Optica de la Producción Científica y Tecnológica Regional: Una Lectura Crítica  

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Full Text Available Las reflexiones que en el presente texto se elaboran son resultado de un proceso de investigación que busca develar la interacción existente entre ciencia, tecnología y sociedad en el escenario sociocultural de la IXRegión de la Araucania, Chile. El análisis de la imagen y el tipo de relación que las producciones cientrjiicas establecen con la realidad sociocultural regional marcan los objetivos del estudio. Algunos insumos de orden cuantitativo que consideramos, ilustrativos en relación a la lógica e intencionalidad de los proyectos de investigación e innovación tecnológica ejecutados, sirven de base para indagar en tomo a cómo se configura lo sociocultural desde la racionalidad científica. El estudio se ha centrado en los proyectos FONDECYT Y FONDEF desde 1994 (existen otros "actores" que se abocan aldesarrollo científico en la región, ya que éstos representan la mayor producción y más legitima desde el discurso de la ciencia normal como ciencia oficial a nivel de desarrollo científico e innovación tecnológica. Las interpretaciones construidas tienen como referente teórico principal los Estudios Sociales de Ciencia y Tecnologia, apoyándose igualmente en consideraciones provenientes de la Filosofía de la Ciencia y el Análisis Sociocultural.

Mario Samaniego

2002-05-01

152

Re-Mediating Second Language Acquisition: A Sociocultural Perspective for Language Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a cultural-historical (CHAT) analysis of the practices used by an effective teacher of Latino/a children previously classified as "underachieving" and "beginning/novice" English Language Learners. Although the teacher would not describe her practices in strict CHAT, or sociocultural theory (SCT) terms, our analysis shows that…

Razfar, Aria; Khisty, Lena Licon; Chval, Kathryn

2011-01-01

153

Learning and Development: Discussion on the Development of School Behaviorism and Sociocultural Historical School  

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Full Text Available The outlook of Behaviorism School and the outlook of Sociocultural historical School are representative and have major impacts on world psychology. In the hope of having a few inspirations for the contemporary educational practice, this paper makes comparative analysis of the two outlooks on the basis of explaining them.

Kunping Yin

2012-12-01

154

Reforming a Teacher Education Program for PRC EFL Teachers in Singapore: Sociocultural Considerations and Curriculum Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores curriculum evolution processes in relation to sociocultural considerations with respect to a (teacher-of-English-as-a-foreign-language) TEFL program conducted in Singapore for inservice (English-as-a-foreign-language) EFL trainee-teachers from the People's Republic of China (PRC). It reports on how curriculum evolution was…

Zhang, Lawrence Jun

2004-01-01

155

Towards an Ethics of Answerability: Reconsidering Dialogism in Sociocultural Literacy Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay responds to the problem that sociocultural literacy research has failed to adequately theorize individual literacy learners as moral agents with the capacity to produce harm or good to themselves and others. Building from the rhetorical construct of dialogism, this inquiry explores how the early ethical thought of Mikhail Bakhtin can…

Juzwik, Mary

2004-01-01

156

Reflection in Action: Increasing Teacher Awareness of the Learning Needs of Specific Socio-Cultural Groups.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the issue of appropriate methodology for teaching English as a foreign language for differing sociocultural contexts. The article, based on the experiences of a team of teachers from a wide variety of teaching backgrounds, also examines the extent of the need for awareness raising in relation to learner backgrounds and teachers' varying…

Ainscough, Valerie

1997-01-01

157

Backing the Right Horse: Teacher Education, Sociocultural Analysis and Literacy in Rural Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a reflection on the way that a background in sociocultural theory and research actually saved my teaching career by allowing me to shift from being a dispenser of knowledge to a cultural neophyte attempting to understand where he is. Teaching then is understood as a reading exercise which is undertaken in a particular place which…

Corbett, Michael

2010-01-01

158

The "Emergent Model" (Structured Inventory of a Sociocultural System) Applied to Contemporary France.  

Science.gov (United States)

An inventory for storing data on a sociocultural system was designed (a) to favor the emergence of a structural-functional model, and (b) to generate the descriptive knowledge most useful for a practical understanding of the life style. Thirty sections are grouped into four subsystems, adapted from those of the sociologist Talcott Parsons: the…

Nostrand, Howard Lee

1975-01-01

159

Learning and Development: Discussion on the Development of School Behaviorism and Sociocultural Historical School  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The outlook of Behaviorism School and the outlook of Sociocultural historical School are representative and have major impacts on world psychology. In the hope of having a few inspirations for the contemporary educational practice, this paper makes comparative analysis of the two outlooks on the basis of explaining them.

Kunping Yin

2012-01-01

160

Sociocultural and Individual Influences on Muscle Gain and Weight Loss Strategies among Adolescent Boys and Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined the role of body dissatisfaction, body image importance, sociocultural influences (media and parent and peer encouragement), self-esteem and negative affect on body change strategies to decrease weight and increase muscles in adolescent boys and girls. Surveys were administered to 587 boys and 598 girls aged between 11 and 15…

Ricciardelli, Lina A.; McCabe, Marita P.

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Internalization of the Sociocultural Ideal: Weight-Related Attitudes and Dieting Behaviors among Young Adolescent Girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed adolescent girls regarding body dissatisfaction, dieting, and internalization of sociocultural values, media-influenced knowledge, acceptance of varied body shapes, and media exposure. Girls understood media influence on self-image and behavior and accepted varied body shapes. Significant numbers reported dissatisfaction with weight and…

Sherwood, Nancy E.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2001-01-01

162

Body Image and Self-Esteem among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin…

Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga

2005-01-01

163

Perceptions & Attitudes of Male Homosexuals from Differing Socio-Cultural & Audiological Backgrounds.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined four male homosexual, sociocultural groups: normal-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with normal-hearing parents, deaf homosexuals with hearing-impaired parents, and hard-of-hearing homosexuals with normal-hearing parents. Differences with regard to self-perception, identity, and attitudes were…

Swartz, Daniel B.

164

Meaning and Identities: A Visual Performative Pedagogy for Socio-Cultural Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article I present personalised socio-cultural inquiry in visual art education as a critical and expressive material praxis. The model of "Visual Performative Pedagogy and Communicative Proficiency for the Visual Art Classroom" is presented as a legitimate means of manipulating visual codes, communicating meaning and mediating values…

Grushka, Kathryn

2009-01-01

165

Socio-cultural Values and their Effects on Changing Gender Roles  

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Full Text Available This study is designed to investigate relationship among Socio-cultural values and in changing gender role. A sample of 100 urban female in three strata from Faisalabad District selected. The data showed that independent variables such as age, education, family occupations and marital status had significant association with changing role of men and women participation in decision making.

Iffat Batool

2001-01-01

166

The Impact of TV Viewing Motivations on Psychological and Sociocultural Adjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study examined the impact of TV viewing motivations on 126 Asian students' psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Subjects were enrolled in a midsize university in the New England area. TV viewing motivation was measured by A. M. Rubin's TV Viewing Motivations Scale. Psychological adjustment was measured by W. Zung's Self Rating Depression…

Chen, Guo-Ming

167

Organization Virtual or Networked?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose—to present distinction between “virtual organization” and “networked organization”; giving their definitions.Design/methodology/approach—review of previous researches, systemic analyses of their findings and synthesis of distinctive characteristics of ”virtual organization” and “networked organization.”Findings—the main result of the research is key diverse features separating ”virtual organization” and ”networked organization.” Definitions of “virtual ...

R?ta Tamoši?nait?

2011-01-01

168

Virtual Titanic  

Science.gov (United States)

The recent historical and cinematic fascination with the Titanic proves that the allure of this most famous luxury liner remains unsinkable. The Discovery Channel Online has created a captivating site devoted to images, movies (IPIX, QuickTime), and text describing the ship and its demise. While the site contains historical photos and lithographs of the ship as well as underwater photos and movies from a 1985 submersible mission, the unique contribution of this site is its numerous virtual images of the interior and exterior of the Titanic as well as its movies of the collision and sinking. Developed by Andrew Nelson for a CD-ROM game, the movies include a flyby of the ship, a collision movie, a listing movie, and a three-part series of the sinking. Both flat and "bubble" views of such features as the first-class cabins, the wireless room, and the grand staircase are also included. A talk-back section discusses various theories surrounding the sinking and contains several related links.

169

Wait-time, classroom discourse, and the influence of sociocultural factors in science teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

Wait-time, a variable related to questioning in a teaching-learning situation, has been found to have implications for the inquiry mode of science teaching especially in Western classroom environments. Aside from the fact that the literature is very sparse in this area about what obtains in developing countries, nothing appears to be available with regard to how wait-time interacts with the sociocultural factors within non-Western science classrooms. In a non-Western country such as Nigeria where most science programs in schools are inquiry-oriented, do teachers take notice of, and effectively use, wait-time in the teaching-learning process? Are science teachers able to effectively use the mediating role of sociocultural factors in science teaching in a traditional environment which expects children to be seen only and not heard? The main purpose of this study was to investigate the wait-time of Nigerian integrated science teachers in relation to the amount of students' participation in inquiry. This study also investigated the relationship between wait-time and sociocultural attitudinal factors prevalent in traditional societies. The instruments used for data collection were the Hough's Observational Schedule and a modified version of the Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES); a stop-watch was used to measure the wait-time of audio-recorded integrated science lessons of 37 integrated science teachers from selected junior secondary schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The results showed that the average wait-time TT and wait-time ST of the integrated science teachers was 3.0 seconds and 0.7 seconds, respectively. The study reported the amount of student participation in the student-teacher classroom discourse to be very low. Wait-time was also shown to have a strong relationship with sociocultural factors of authoritarianism, goal structure, societal expectation, and traditional worldview. The pedagogical and curricular implications of the results have been highlighted.

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Olajide, Janet O.

170

Virtual button interface  

Science.gov (United States)

An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

Jones, J.S.

1999-01-12

171

Multimodality and Design of Interactive Virtual Environments for Creative Collaboration : A Social Semiotic Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Developments in digital interaction technologies provide new interdisciplinary fields for creative work at the intersection of design, art and technology. These technologies also present new possibilities to integrate physical spaces with interactive layers of digital information for multi-user interaction, customization and interdisciplinary collaboration. These spaces accommodate new forms of spatial and social practices, provide multimodal communication resources in physical and virtual environments, and allow individuals (or groups) to actively engage with collaborative creative experiences. The three-dimensional representation of space and the resources for non-verbal communication enable the users to interact with the digital content in more complex yet engaging ways. However, understanding the communicative resources in virtual spaces with the theoretical tools that are conventionally used to describe physical spaces become problematic, especially when we consider the affordances and constraints for mediating spatial practices with digital tools. This article proposes a multimodal social semiotic approach to the design of interactive virtual environments and virtually augmented physical spaces as new forms of technologically mediated collaborative spaces. It presents the findings of multiple case studies conducted by different 3D virtual environment technologies and interaction contexts, including screen-based virtual worlds and virtually- augmented physical spaces. The multimodal analytical perspective particularly emphasizes the role of audio-visual resources in co-creating representations for effective collaboration, and the socio-cultural factors in construction of meaningful virtual environments.

Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates

172

Multimodality and Design of Interactive Virtual Environments for Creative Collaboration: A Social Semiotic Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Developments in digital interaction technologies provide new interdisciplinary fields for creative work at the intersection of design, art and technology. These technologies also present new possibilities to integrate physical spaces with interactive layers of digital information for multi-user interaction, customization and interdisciplinary collaboration. These spaces accommodate new forms of spatial and social practices, provide multimodal communication resources in physical and virtual environments, and allow individuals (or groups) to actively engage with collaborative creative experiences. The three-dimensional representation of space and the resources for non-verbal communication enable the users to interact with the digital content in more complex yet engaging ways. However, understanding the communicative resources in virtual spaces with the theoretical tools that are conventionally used to describe physical spaces become problematic, especially when we consider the affordances and constraints for mediating spatial practices with digital tools. This article proposes a multimodal social semiotic approach to the design of interactive virtual environments and virtually augmented physical spaces as new forms of technologically mediated collaborative spaces. It presents the findings of multiple case studies conducted by different 3D virtual environment technologies and interaction contexts, including screen-based virtual worlds and virtually- augmented physical spaces. The multimodal analytical perspective particularly emphasizes the role of audio-visual resources in co-creating representations for effective collaboration, and the socio-cultural factors in construction of meaningful virtual environments.

Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates

173

Consciência virtual e imaginário  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nas discussões contemporâneas acerca de "realidade virtual", "ciberespaço" e "mundos virtuais" falta frequentemente uma reflexão filosófica substancial sobre a função da imaginação sem a qual a realidade virtual não seria nem virtual nem realidade. Neste artigo, eu ensaio um tratamento fenomenológico da realidade virtual e do imaginário ao desenvolver algumas ideias-chave nas reflexões fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre a imaginação, consciência de imagem, encarnação e "irrealização" da subjetividade por meio do imaginário.Contemporary discussions of "virtual reality," "cyber-space" and "virtual worlds" often lack a substantial philosophical reflection on the function of the imagination without which virtual reality would be neither virtual nor a reality. In this paper, I attempt a phenomenological treatment of virtual reality and the imaginary by developing key insights in Husserl's phenomenological reflections on the imagination, image-consciousness, embodiment and the "irrealization" of subjectivity through the imaginary.

Nicolas de Warren

2009-12-01

174

Simulating virtual humans in networked virtual environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the past decade, networked virtual environments (NVEs) have been an increasingly active area of research, with the first commercial systems emerging recently. Graphical and behavioral representation of users within such systems is a particularly important issue that has lagged in development behind other issues such as network architectures and space structuring. We expose the importance of using virtual humans within these systems and provide a brief overview of several virtual human tech...

Pandzic, I.; Babski, C.; Capin, T.; Wonsook, Lee; Magnenat-thalmann, N.; Musse, S. R.; Moccozet, L.; Heywon, Seo; Thalmann, D.

2001-01-01

175

Virtual Library Services for a Virtual University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Se presenta el concepto de biblioteca virtual tal como se desarrolla en la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya una institución de educación a distancia que proporciona educación universitaria. La UOC basa la organización de su modelo educativo en la explotación del paradigma del Campus Virtual y en el uso de las últimas tecnologías disponibles en telemática, ordenadores personales y multimedia. En este contexto, la Biblioteca Virtual de la UOC se ofrece como un nuevo modelo del servicio d...

Pe?rez Alarco?n, Adoracio?

2001-01-01

176

La afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural: el caso de Chile / Elective Affinity between Cultural Consumption and Socio-Cultural Perception: The Case in Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo demuestra la afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta de participación y consumo cultural 2009, de Chile, se muestra evidencia estadística de que el consumo cultural mantiene una ainidad electiva con las valoracion [...] es democráticas, políticas, sociales y ciudadanas de los consumidores. Esta tendencia también es observable entre las personas que pertenecen a segmentos de la población con bajos ingresos económicos, pero que realizan un alto consumo cultural. Con base en las actuales discusiones sobre el estudio del consumo cultural, el artículo desarrolla una reflexin teórica sobre el concepto de consumo cultural y su interrelación con otras dimensiones sociales y políticas. Se discuten los usos del concepto en los estudios sobre consumo cultural en América Latina y se propone una definición que considere las valoraciones que los sujetos hacen sobre los procesos socioculturales que vivencian. Abstract in english This article demonstrates the elective affinity between cultural consumption and socio-cultural perception. Based on the data gathered by the Encuesta de participación y consumo culturóal 2009 ("2009 cultural participation and consumption poll"), in Chile, we came out with statistical evidence that [...] proves that cultural consumption holds an elective afinity with the democratic, political, and social assessments of the consumers of cultural goods and services. This trend can also be observed among people who make part of the low income segments of the population, but that in fact consume high doses of culture. Thus, starting with the current discussions around the studies of cultural consumption, the article develops a theoretical reflection on the concept of cultural consumption and its interrelations with other social and political dimensions. We discuss the uses to which the concept is subjected to in cultural consumption studies in Latin America and we propose a deinition that takes in consideration the assessments that people make of the socio-cultural processes that they experience.

TOMÁS, PETERS NÚÑEZ.

2010-12-01

177

La adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural en alumnos búlgaros del español como lengua extranjera / Sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of Bulgarian students of Spanish as a foreign language  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Dedicamos este estudio a la adecuación como un componente de la competencia sociolingüística, sociocultural e intercultural en español como lengua extranjera. Para ello, realizamos un tipo de investigación estadística cuantitativa con el programa SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions), [...] en la que aplicamos el análisis descriptivo y el inferencial. El instrumento del estudio es un cuestionario y los participantes son 59 alumnos de origen búlgaro que estudian el español como lengua extranjera en situación de no inmersión. Los niveles de español de los participantes son B1, C1 y C2. Los objetivos de la investigación se han centrado en analizar algunos aspectos de la adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural de los alumnos, además de la relación entre la adecuación y el grado de formación (nivel de estudios del español). Nos interesa también observar en qué grado y en qué niveles los alumnos tienden a trasladar a la lengua y la cultura meta pautas de conducta de su propia cultura. Pretendemos fomentar la concienciación sobre la importancia de la adecuación intercultural, pues partimos del supuesto de que se debe enseñar la cultura de una lengua de manera progresiva en todos los niveles, planificando los objetivos y los contenidos y aumentando el grado de dificultad en función del nivel de competencia lingüística y sin perjudicar al resto de las competencias. Abstract in english This paper approaches the issue of adequacy as a component of sociolinguistic, sociocultural and intercultural competence in the learning of Spanish as a foreign language. To accomplish this aim, we carry out a quantitative statistical type of research with the software SPSS 17 (Statistical Product [...] and Service Solutions), in which we apply a descriptive and inferential analysis. The instrument used is a questionnaire and the participants are 59 Bulgarian students who study Spanish as a foreign language in a non-immersion context. The levels of the participants are B1, C1 and C2. It is our purpose to analyse some aspects concerning the sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of students, amongst them the relation between adequacy and level of Spanish of the participants. Likewise, we pay attention to the degree in which the students tend to transfer to the target language and culture patterns pertaining to their own culture. We seek to raise awareness about the importance of intercultural adequacy, because we believe that culture of a foreign language must be taught progressively in all levels. Objectives and contents need to be planned carefully, and the degree of complexity must increase according to the linguistic competence of students, without letting aside other competences.

Dimitrinka, Níkleva.

2012-11-01

178

A experiência sociocultural de universitários da África Lusófona no Brasil: entremeando histórias / The sociocultural experience of Portuguese-speaking African university students in Brazil: weaving stories together  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objeto de estudo deste trabalho é a presença de estudantes da África Lusófona em São Paulo, Brasil, com a proposta de investigar uma experiência de imigração temporária. Os dados e as evidências coletados para a elaboração do trabalho relacionam-se a: i) projetos de vida e a escolha do Brasil; ii) [...] identidade e sistemas classificatórios; iii) sociabilidade e redes sociais; e, por último, iv) a expectativa do retorno, ou seja, a forma como esses acadêmicos pensam aplicar os conhecimentos adquiridos no Brasil à realidade dos países de origem. Este material foi coletado através de entrevistas, por meio de questões abertas e fechadas. Este grupo forma uma rede de relações ampliada, a qual acolhe também indivíduos de outras nacionalidades, possibilitando não apenas a vivência de contatos face a face, como também a interação através de redes virtuais. Cabe destacar, ainda, que a expectativa do retorno aos países de origem se faz presente entre os interlocutores. Abstract in english The aim of this research is the presence of Portuguese-speaking African students in São Paulo, Brazil, focusing on their experience of temporary immigration. The data and instances collected for this research refer to: i) life projects and the choice of Brazil; ii) identity and classifying systems; [...] iii) sociability and social networks and, finally, iv) the expectation of returning home or, in other words, how these students think of applying the newly-acquired knowledge in the reality of their home countries. This material has been gathered by means of interviews, with the use of open and closed questions. This group of students constitutes an amplified network of relationships receiving also individuals of other nationalities and enabling both face-to-face contacts and virtual interaction. It is interesting to emphasize that the expectation of returning home is always present among interlocutors.

Carlos, Subuhana.

2009-04-01

179

Festival da loucura e a dimensão sociocultural da Reforma Psiquiátrica / Madness festival and socio-cultural dimension of the Psychiatric Reform / Festival de la locura y la dimensión sociocultural de la Reforma Psiquiátrica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo objetiva discutir os significados do Festival da Loucura realizado em Barbacena. Realizada análise documental das reportagens publicadas, no período de 2006 a 2010, nos jornais de circulação local, estadual e nacional. Os dados foram analisados sob o referencial metodológico do Discurso [...] do Sujeito Coletivo. Os significados do Festival da Loucura identificados foram: evento de múltipla parceria, inusitado, acadêmico-cultural, turístico-cultural, polêmico, mudança de paradigma e resgate histórico. Os significados encontrados do Festival da Loucura expressam a dimensão sociocultural do processo da Reforma Psiquiátrica e apontam que para entender a mudança de paradigma na saúde mental e compreender as alterações da política de atenção necessita-se de uma abordagem histórica, política e social. Abstract in spanish Este estudio tiene como objetivo discutir los significados del Festival de la locura celebrado en Barbacena. Presenta un análisis documental de los artículos publicados en el período 2006-2010, en los periódicos locales, estatales y de circulación nacional. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con [...] el marco metodológico del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Se identificaron significados del Festival de la locura: evento colaboración múltiple, inusual, académico y cultural, turístico y cultural, polémico, cambio de paradigma y recuperación histórica. Los significados encuentran el Festival de la Locura expresar la dimensión sociocultural del proceso de reforma psiquiátrica y señalan que para entender el cambio de paradigma en la salud mental y entender los cambios de la política de las necesidades es un enfoque histórico, político y social. Abstract in english This study aims to discuss the meanings of madness festival held in Barbacena. Realized documental analysis of published reports, the period 2006 to 2010, newspapers in local, state and national. Data were analyzed from the methodological framework of the Collective Subject Discourse. The meanings o [...] f madness festival identified were: event of multiple partners, unexpected, academic, cultural, tourist, controversial, paradigm shift and a historical. The meanings found express the socio-cultural dimension of the process of Psychiatric Reform and points out that to understand the paradigm shift in mental health and understand the policy changes requires attention to a historical, political and social.

Nadja Cristiane Lappann, Botti; Michele Cecília Silva, Torrézio.

180

Educação infantil, cooperação e competição: análise microgenética sob uma perspectiva sociocultural / Cooperation and competition in Early Education: a microgenetic analysis from a sociocultural approach / Educación infantil, cooperación y competición: análisis micro genéticabajo una perspectiva socio-cultural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo analisa as práticas de socialização promovidas no contexto da educação infantil a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural construtivista do desenvolvimento humano. Seu objetivo foi investigar a promoção e/ou inibição de diferentes modalidades de interdependência humana (cooperação, competiç [...] ão e individualismo) articuladas às interações específicas e às orientações para crenças e valores sociais a elas associadas. Para tanto, realizou-se a análise dos padrões de interação social apresentados por duas professoras e seus alunos de 4 a 6 anos. Os resultados mostram a promoção de padrões de interação individualista e competitivo sendo observado reduzido incentivo à experiência coletiva da cooperação, seja na estrutura e dinâmica das atividades diárias, seja durante a sessão estruturada pela professora e analisada em nível microgenético. Abstract in spanish El artículo analiza las prácticas de socialización promovidas en el contexto de la educación infantil a partir de una perspectiva socio-cultural constructivista del desarrollo humano. Su objetivo fue investigar la promoción y/o inhibición de diferentes modalidades de interdependencia humana (coopera [...] ción, competición e individualismo) articuladas a las interacciones específicas y a las orientaciones para creencias y valores sociales presentados por dos profesoras y sus alumnos de 4 a 6 años. Los resultados muestran la promoción de patrones de interacción individualista y competitivo, siendo observado un incentivo reducido a la experiencia colectiva de la cooperación, sean estructura y dinámica de las actividades diarias o sea durante la sesión estructurada por la profesora y analizada a nivel micro genético. Abstract in english The study analyzed socialization practices promoted within early education settings from a sociocultural constructivist perspective on human development. It aimed at investigating the promotion and/or inhibition of different modes of human interdependency, namely, cooperation, competition and indivi [...] dualism, which are associated with specific social interactions, and values/beliefs orientations. Social interaction patterns presented by two teachers and their respective 4 to 6 year-old children were analyzed in two different educational contexts. Results showed the promotion of individualistic interactive patterns and competive, with almost no incentive to peer cooperation, neither at a daily basis nor at the level of the teacher-planned structured activity, which was microanalyzed.

Marilícia Witzler Antunes, Palmieri; Angela Uchoa, Branco.

2007-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

Investigating the Socio-Cultural Impacts in Redevelopment of the Urban Coastal Areas in Mazandaran Province, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The socio-cultural dimensions of urban coastal areas redevelopment plans have become very important in urban policies. The aim of this paper is to recognize the socio-cultural effects of urban coastal areas redevelopment. For this objective, four dimensions of socio-cultural impacts in urban coastal areas planning are presented: identity and resources, social status, activities and access and coastal areas experience. The four socio-cultural dimensions refer to the various ways of experiencing and using the edges of the sea, river or lake to make an understanding of their qualities to the community. The contents of this typology are presented by analyzing some fundamental features of the coastal areas in southern shorelines of the Caspian Sea.

Mohsen Feyzi

2011-01-01

182

Refletindo sobre a provinha Brasil a partir das dimensões sociocultural, linguística e cognitiva da leitura  

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Full Text Available Este artigo propõe-se a interpretar como a leitura, em suas dimensões sociocultural, linguística e cognitiva (CERUTTI-RIZZATTI, 2009, está contemplada na avaliação nacional padronizada da alfabetização, a Provinha Brasil, em sua primeira edição do ano de 2009. Para tanto, são traçadas algumas reflexões a partir de documentos norteadores da ação pedagógica tanto federais (BRASIL, 2007 quanto municipais (SECRETARIA MUNICIPAL DE EDUCAÇÃO, 2000, 2007, dos Guias que acompanham o kit da Provinha e dos resultados obtidos nessa avaliação por cinco turmas de 2º ano de uma escola pública, municipal, da grande Florianópolis. As questões da Provinha foram classificadas em dois grandes grupos (questões focadas nas habilidades de decodificação e aquelas envolvendo textualização e são discutidas individualmente, aliando discussão teórica (conceitos pertinentes à alfabetização e letramento com os resultados apresentados pelos alunos. Como principal conclusão, observa-se que essa edição da Provinha Brasil foca principalmente as dimensões linguística e cognitiva da leitura, em detrimento da dimensão sociocultural.

Carla Cristofolini

2012-04-01

183

Sociocultural and Victimization Factors That Impact Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence Among Kenyan Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the association between acceptance of intimate partner violence (IPV) and reported IPV victimization among Kenyan women, taking into consideration select sociocultural factors that may also influence acceptance of IPV. Data from a nationally representative, cross-sectional, household survey conducted between November 2008 and February 2009 in Kenya were analyzed. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to estimate the effect of select sociodemographic characteristics and reported IPV victimization on acceptance of IPV. The results showed that while both sociodemographic characteristics and reported IPV victimization were significantly associated with IPV acceptance, sociocultural factors had a greater impact. Programs aimed at empowering women and culturally competent IPV prevention strategies may be the key elements to reducing IPV. PMID:25355859

Mugoya, George C T; Witte, Tricia H; Ernst, Kacey C

2014-10-29

184

Sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little research on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural influences on them, has been undertaken in non-Western contexts. The current study investigated these variables and the relationships between them among a sample of 529 Malaysian high school students (103 Malays, 344 Chinese and 82 Indians), who completed a set of measures in classroom settings. Chinese girls were more dissatisfied with their bodies than Chinese boys, but no gender difference was found for Malay and Indian participants. Girls were more likely to engage in behaviors to lose weight, and boys were more likely to engage in behaviors to increase muscle. The influence of sociocultural factors on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors was limited and varied across both sex and ethnicity. Findings are discussed in relation to Western research, and it is concluded that cultural nuances need to be considered when investigating these phenomena. PMID:19195942

Mellor, David; McCabe, Marita; Ricciardelli, Lina; Yeow, James; Daliza, Nur; Hapidzal, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd

2009-03-01

185

Ramadan Fasting and Competitive Sports: Psychological Adaptation within Socio-cultural Context  

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Full Text Available The article examines the influence of socio-cultural practices of Ramadan fasting in competitive sports and adaptation pathway of the athletes. The study describes how the socio-cultural context acts as the social “panopticon” and explains the adaptation pathways among Muslim archers. Foucauldian concept explains individual actions and behaviors within social and cultural settings, and adaptation pathways during Ramadan fasting. Eleven elite Malaysian Muslim archers participated in an open ended interview to identify individual experiences of competing in high level sports while engaging in Ramadan fasting. Relevant quotes were extracted to identify means and methods leading to a pathway toward adaptation. The inductively identified pathway viz. understanding of the context, control and adjustment, willpower and self enhancement, belonging and gravitating, trust and support culminates in the dimension of adaptation. The study highlights how cultural and societal influences have a bearing on actions, behaviors, and decisions of competitive athletes.

Jolly Roy

2012-11-01

186

Assessing the sociocultural impacts of emerging molecular technologies for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Novel technologies for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) will impact the way society views and deals with AD and ageing. However, such "sociocultural" impacts are hardly acknowledged in standard approaches of technology assessment. In this paper, we outline three steps to assess such broader impacts. First, conceptual analysis of the ideas underlying technological developments shows how these technologies redraw the boundary between Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing and between biological and social approaches of ageing. Second, imaginative scenarios are designed depicting different possible futures of AD diagnosis and societal ways to deal with ageing and the aged. Third, such scenarios enable deliberation on the sociocultural impact of AD diagnostic technologies among a broad set of stakeholders. An early, broad, and democratic assessment of innovations in diagnostics of AD is a valuable addition to established forms of technology assessment. PMID:21941672

Boenink, Marianne; Cuijpers, Yvonne; van der Laan, Anna Laura; van Lente, Harro; Moors, Ellen

2011-01-01

187

Consciência virtual e imaginário  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Nas discussões contemporâneas acerca de "realidade virtual", "ciberespaço" e "mundos virtuais" falta frequentemente uma reflexão filosófica substancial sobre a função da imaginação sem a qual a realidade virtual não seria nem virtual nem realidade. Neste artigo, eu ensaio um tratamento fenomenológic [...] o da realidade virtual e do imaginário ao desenvolver algumas ideias-chave nas reflexões fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre a imaginação, consciência de imagem, encarnação e "irrealização" da subjetividade por meio do imaginário. Abstract in english Contemporary discussions of "virtual reality," "cyber-space" and "virtual worlds" often lack a substantial philosophical reflection on the function of the imagination without which virtual reality would be neither virtual nor a reality. In this paper, I attempt a phenomenological treatment of virtua [...] l reality and the imaginary by developing key insights in Husserl's phenomenological reflections on the imagination, image-consciousness, embodiment and the "irrealization" of subjectivity through the imaginary.

Nicolas de, Warren.

2009-12-01

188

Desenvolvimento moral: considerações teóricas a partir de uma abordagem sociocultural construtivista / Approaching the issue of moral development from a sociocultural constructivist perspective  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Partindo da análise de trabalhos tradicionalmente realizados na área de desenvolvimento moral, o artigo sinaliza a necessidade de desenvolver uma abordagem teórica que trate o tema dentro de um enfoque que considere os aspectos socioculturais, cognitivos e afetivos. A questão central reside em abord [...] ar de forma sistêmica e integrada a dinâmica do desenvolvimento moral do indivíduo, resgatando a dimensão interativa e contextual envolvida na resolução dos conflitos morais e no desenvolvimento de crenças e valores. O trabalho parte dos pressupostos da perspectiva histórica socio-cultural construtivista do desenvolvimento humano, explicitando as exigências metodológicas implicadas na adoção dos conceitos e categorias utilizados no âmbito de tal perspectiva. Abstract in english Considering the literature on moral development research and theory, we argue for the need to develop a theoretical approach that takes into account all different aspects or dimensions of human development, such as affection, cognition, and contextual embedding. The complexities of the phenomena req [...] uires investigators to analyze the dynamics of the individual's moral development within a systemic and integrated framework, rescuing the interactive and contextual dimension involved in the resolution of moral conflicts, and the construction of values and beliefs. Elaborating on the assumptions and principles of a sociocultural construtivist perspective for the study of human development, we consider the methodological demands implied by the adoption of such a systemic framework.

Lincoln Coimbra, Martins; Angela Uchôa, Branco.

2001-08-01

189

Nivel de escritura en alumnos de primer grado, de estrato sociocultural bajo / How first grade students proceeding from low sociocultural level write  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente reporte da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y el nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de escritura los alumnos de primer grado de primaria, pertenecientes a escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluó a 165 alumnos a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004- [...] 2005. Se caracterizan las habilidades de copia, dictado, composición y comprensión que los alumnos logran en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal y se relacionan con los niveles preacadémicos y lingüísticos mostrados por ellos al iniciar el curso. Se discuten los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, tomando en cuenta los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the development process and the efficiency level at writing skills attained by first grade students, enrolled in Mexican public schools from a low socio cultural status. Throughout the scholar term 2004-2005, 165 students were assessed. The copy, dictation, composition and compre [...] hension skills attained by the students at different moments of their first formal education cycle were characterized and related with the pre academic and linguistic levels shown at the beginning of the cycle. Results are discussed and some proposals are made to foster the development of literacy within children from a low socio cultural status regarding the expositions from the educational psychology and the related research.

Yolanda, Guevara Benítez; Alfredo, López Hernández; Gustavo, García Vargas; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo García.

190

La solución de problemas cognitivos: Una reflexión cognitiva sociocultural / The Solution of Cognitive Problems: A Cognitive and Socio-Cultural Reflection  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al aborda [...] r: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo): los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos) de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales. Abstract in english This work was done based on the Historial-Cultural Psychology perspective. It emphasizes the Problem Solving as a High Psychological Function linked with other psychological functions such us: language, thinking, reasoning etc.. It presents a sociocultural reflection on Cognitive Problem Solving whe [...] n approaching: 1. The productive thinking (creative): the research methods and the instruments (tools, artefacts) of mediation; 2. The cognitive science: the information process system, the distributed cognition and the mental actions formation; 3. The sociocognitive conflict: the social interactions, the structuring conflict, the sociocognitive regulation and the zone of proximal development. It concludes with the need of forming the problem solving by: developing the productive thinking, the cognitive strategies, and the analysis of concepts and social facts.

Rosalía, Montealegre.

2007-12-01

191

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVITY OF THE FUTURE TEACHER IN SOCIO-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY ???????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ????? ????????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article reveals the process of the development of professional creativity of the future teacher in socio-cultural environment of the university, also the concept of professional creativity of students is introduced. There is an experience of the creative association of the Shuya State Pedagogical University, where the main line of the activities is personal and professional development of student through the integration of education and developing creativity

Mikhailov A. A.

2012-12-01

192

Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy ...

Kimber Haddix McKay

2010-01-01

193

Mapping the Literature : Socio-cultural, organizational and technological dimensions of e-voting technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

As the utilization of various e-voting technologies has notably increased in the past few years, so has the amount of publications on experiences with these technologies. This article, will, therefore map the literature while highlighting some of the important topics discussed within the field of e-voting. Particular attention will be paid to non-technical dimensions, including socio-cultural, organizational and political dimensions of these implementations.

Boulus-RØdje, Nina

2012-01-01

194

Socio-Cultural and Attitudinal Study of Selected Yoruba Taboos in South West Nigeria  

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Full Text Available

This study presents a socio-cultural description of some Yoruba taboos which are an integral part of culture and youths’ attitude towards these taboos. The theoretical frame work for the study is based on Vygotskian’s sociocultural approach which holds that higher order functions develop out of social interaction. In other words, cultural development of an individual, especially the young ones, depends largely on social interactions with elders. Some socio-cultural factors like age, sex and education are the variables employed in the analysis. Data is gathered from interviewing students and staff of Redeemer’s University, Mowe, Ogun state and Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state in the South Western part of Nigeria. Books and documents are also consulted. In the process of describing some selected Yoruba taboos, it is discovered that: (a the language of a particular society is an integral part of its culture, (b many of the taboos have been taken over by Christianity and technology (c youths have a laissez-faire attitude as their belief in taboos is fast disappearing because parents and guardians do not educate children in these acts any more. It is concluded that for the Yoruba culture to be saved from imminent extinction, parents must expose the young ones to cultural beliefs and ensure that they speak the language. This is necessary because internalized culture allows people to respond in appropriate ways to the norms of the society or community in which they live.

Key words: Socio-cultural; Yoruba taboos; Society’s attitude

Adebola Adebileje

2012-02-01

195

Retardo Mental Sociocultural o Diferencias Cognitivas en niños de nivel socioeconómico bajo  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El autor analiza el término "relardo mental sociocultural" aplicado a minorías en EEUU que tienen un C.l. bajo o fronterizo y que presenlan problemas en el aprendizaje escolar,  discute algunos estudios realizados en latinoamérica y presenta una comparación de los puntajes obtenidos por niños chilenos y norteamericanos en el WISC-R. Se concluye que el término «retardo mental socio cultural» es solamente un término explicativo inadecuado de las diferencias cognitivas y verbales entre...

Luis Bravo Valdivieso

1993-01-01

196

Lithuanian furniture making during 1900-1940: socio-cultural and artistic aspects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper gives a consistent overview of the development of Lithuanian furniture making during 1900-1940. Focussing on Lithuanian furniture making in the first half of the 20th century, which has remained until recently little analysed yet fundamental to deepening one’s artistic perception, this paper sets out to analyse the furniture and furniture projects created by artists in the socio-cultural context. In order to shed light on the development of furniture making, the paper disc...

Dic?kalnyte?, Aiste?

2012-01-01

197

A animação sociocultural em contexto de centro de dia: projeto de intervenção  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

O presente trabalho projeto tem como tema “A Animação Sociocultural em contexto de Centro de Dia: Projeto de Intervenção”. Devido às alterações demográficas verificadas nas últimas décadas assiste-se a um envelhecimento quer no topo quer na base da pirâmide etária, surgindo assim a necessidade de respostas sociais. Neste trabalho teve-se em conta o centro de dia como resposta social. Os centros de dia mais não são que estruturas semi-institucionalizadas e que têm como...

Carvalho, Eva Joana Dos Santos Oliveira Pinheiro

2013-01-01

198

Analysing young children’s thinking about natural phenomena: A sociocultural/cultural historical perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Vygotsky’s sociocultural/cultural historical theory emphasised the notion of semiotic mediation – or how thinking is transformed through signs (such as language) and cultural tools (such as drawings) from an intermental to an intramental plane. While the ideas of Vygotsky have become well-accepted within research in early childhood education in Australia, they are somewhat slower to be adopted within science education research. Yet they offer the potential for gaining new understandings o...

JILL ROBBINS

2009-01-01

199

Habilidades de lectura en primer grado en alumnos de estrato sociocultural bajo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y del nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de lectura alumnos de primer grado de primaria, de escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluaron 165 niños durante el ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Con base en los re [...] sultados, se caracterizan sus habilidades de lectura en silencio y oral, así como su comprensión en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal. Se analizan los niveles logrados tomando como variables la edad de ingreso a primaria y el número de años cursados en preescolar. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, considerando los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This article explains the developmental process and the level of efficiency first-graders from low sociocultural levels, who attend Mexican public schools, attain in their reading skills. An evaluation was made of 165 children during the 2004-2005 school year. Based on the results of the evaluation, [...] the children's silent and oral reading skills were described, in addition to their reading comprehension, at different times during their first year of formal schooling. The analysis used the variables of age at enrollment and the number of years of preschool attendance. The implications of the results are discussed and proposals are presented that may favor the development of literacy in children from low sociocultural levels, taking into consideration the ideas of educational psychology and research in the field.

Yolanda, Guevara B.; Alfredo, López H.; Gustavo, García V.; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo G.; Juan Pablo, Rugerio.

2008-06-01

200

La integración sociocultural de la Comunidad Sorda en Cataluña. Implicaciones en las prácticas educativas  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar el estado de la cuestión actual de la integración sociocultural de la Comunidad Sorda y sus implicaciones en las prácticas educativas que se llevan a cabo en los centros escolares. Amenudo la sordera se ha considerado un fenómeno homogéneo y en consecuencia, las personas sordas son vistas como un colectivo unificado que comparte un mismo problema. Sin embargo, en realidad se trata de un colectivo extremadamente heterogéneo, cuyas caracte...

Ferna?ndez Viader, Maria Del Pilar

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Relationship Between Socio-cultural Environment And Creativity Of Secondary School Pupils Of Bangarpet Taluk  

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This paper makes an attempt to study the relationship between socio-cultural environment and creativity of secondary school pupils of Bangarpet Taluk. Bangarpet is a backward Taluk (Administrative division under district) in Karnataka state of Country India.Educational system in the modern industrial societies is enhanced by social and cultural environment. As the responsibility of educating the child is vested upon the nation itself and therefore it is important to recognize that if a perso...

Sumita Rao, K.

2012-01-01

202

Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: gender and age differences / Insatisfacción corporal y presión sociocultural percibida: diferencias asociadas al sexo y a la edad  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas [...] en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a) conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b) una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c) mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d) una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1) La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2) las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3) las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida) son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4) el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC), de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén. Los resultados obtenidos proporcionan una visión más completa que la hasta ahora disponible acerca de las relaciones entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presi

Igor, Esnaola; Arantzazu, Rodríguez; Alfredo, Goñi.

2010-02-01

203

VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SMB  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Data is growing at an alarming rate. Storage administrators are struggling to handle a spiraling volume of documents, images, audio and video files and large emails. Virtualization is a general term that could be applied to: storage systems, databases and networks. In this article, I present an overview of server virtualization architecture. I also specify the goals and benefits of virtualization for a SMB. The article points out some issues about server virtualization: definition, implementi...

Barnoschi, Adriana

2009-01-01

204

Virtual reality exposure therapy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real-time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer- generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first control...

Rothbaum, Bo; Hodges, L.; Kooper, R.

1997-01-01

205

Socioculture and students' argument writing in English : a case study from the Vhembe district, Limpopo province, South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Essay writing is one of the major academic practices that students are expected to master and display. As there is a paucity of information on the nature of sociocultural influence on second language education in the Limpopo Province of South Africa, this study attempts to contribute to knowledge on writing, in general, and on argument writing, in particular in the sociocultural context of the Vhembe District. The central premise for this study is that the way an environment constrains sec...

Neeta, Nande Catherine K.

2006-01-01

206

Control sociocultural, reivindicaciones étnicas y movilización entre los tobas-qom asentados en el barrio Los Pumitas. Rosario. Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Desde una perspectiva Histórico Crítica el autor reflexiona sobre el proceso de control sociocultural entre los tobas-qom- asentados en el barrio de Los Pumitas (ciudad de Rosario, Argentina). [...] Abstract in english From a critical historical view the author reflects on the sociocultural control process among the tobas- qom- settled at Los Pumitas (Rosario city, Argentina). [...

Héctor, Vázquez.

2007-12-01

207

Metodologías que optimizan la comunicación en entornos de aprendizaje virtual Methodologies to Improve Communication in Virtual Learning Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los principales avances educativos y el actual auge de los modelos de formación se deben a la incorporación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, así como a la aplicación de elementos pedagógicos provenientes de aproximación sociocultural. Desde este enfoque educativo, la comunicación es un elemento esencial en los procesos de aprendizaje y enseñanza, por tanto, estas herramientas, entendidas como artefactos tecnológicos de producción cultural, ofrecen un excelente soporte innovador, permitiendo contar con entornos virtuales de aprendizaje, como las ofrecidas por las plataformas para el aprendizaje colaborativo mediado por ordenador (CSCL que favorecen la comunicación, la mediación y la construcción compartida del conocimiento (coconstrucción. La comunicación virtual es uno de los aspectos esenciales en la formación a distancia como también lo es la formación semipresencial (blended learning, que comienza a adquirir un importante papel en contextos presenciales que utilizan estos entornos como instancias complementarias destinadas a extender la clase fuera de las fronteras del aula. En este sentido, es relevante un aporte de las diversas experiencias telemáticas de aprendizaje que usan modalidades de aprendizaje cooperativo o colaborativo en entornos virtuales. En el trabajo que presentamos se organizan y describen experiencias de aprendizaje cooperativo y colaborativo mediado por ordenador con estudiantes de diferentes niveles educativos. Los resultados y conclusiones de dichas experiencias evidencian una mejora de habilidades sociales, habilidades comunicativas, motivación y rendimiento académico independientemente del tipo de modalidad de aprendizaje compartido.The main advances in education and the current expansion of training models are due to the incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs, as well as pedagogical elements arising from the socio-cultural approach. Communication is an essential element in the processes of teaching and learning in this educational approach. Therefore, ICTs offer us an excellent innovative support, allowing use to make use of such virtual learning environments as Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning (CSCL, which enables communication, mediation and knowledge construction. Virtual communication is one of the essential elements in blended learning, and it is even starting to play an important role in traditional teaching environments. In this regard, we consider that a contribution from different teaching and learning experiences in virtual scenarios (Synergeia; BSCW; Moodle… is necessary. In this article, we describe several cooperative and collaborative computer-mediated learning experiences with students of different educational levels. The results and conclusions on Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning experiences reveal an improvement in motivation, academic performance and the development of social and communication skills, regardless of the use of cooperative (cooperative learning techniques or collaborative learning.

Sonia Rodríguez Fernández

2010-03-01

208

Community group environment for people participation and empowerment: the socio-cultural perspective  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The study was conducted in Makhuduthamaga Municipal area in Sekhukhune District of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study observed how socio-cultural factors impact on participation environment in community development groups particularly in rural sections of society. To generate insight on the [...] se dynamics, some sets of empirical data were collected from community groups and individuals. Qualitative and quantitative sets of data were collected through structured interview schedule from simple random samples of twelve interest groups and twenty-eight individuals, and a quota sample of two organisational linkage structures. Document review of the groups was also conducted. Qualitative sets of data were collected from a simple random sample of two groups through participant observation to establishing their group dynamics and cultural protocols. The study found that the majority of community groups consisted of elderly people. It also found that the majority of people join community groups to participate in social improvement and participation. From document reviewed, no statute was found to provide for socio-cultural protocols in the groups' activities. From the observation, the study found that there are some socio-cultural norms, practices and values that negatively impact on the participation and empowerment of people in community development groups.

N. R., Diale.

209

The Effect of Using Computer-Mediated Communication on English Language Learners' Socio-Cultural Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This experimental study investigates the effect of using web-cam chat on the FL Learners' socio-cultural competence by answering the following question: What is the effect ofusing web-Cam chat onthe socio-cultural on competence of tenth grade students? Thesample of study consisted of43tenth grade students at AL-Sabila Private School for Boys, in the second semester of the scholastic year2010/2011. Section (A consisted of(20 students. It was chosen as an experimental group, whilesection (B consisted of(23 students. It was decided as a controlgroup.Data were collected within sixteenweeks. The pre-test and the post-test were of two parts: A written part and oral dialogues that test the FL students' ability to interact culturally appropriately in communicative settings. Scores were tabulated and prepared for statistical analysis.The results of the study have showed there is a statistically significant difference in the arithmetic mean in the achievement test for the experimental group. It means that the experimental group performed better than the control group. Then, the result of the study revealed that using web-Cam chat alongside the traditional method has great effect on the socio-cultural competence of the FL learners. The researcher has recommended making many studies on the effect ofCMC onother competencies of language.

Ahmad Mousa Bateineh

2014-06-01

210

Differences in sociocultural environment perceptions associated with gender in science classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

An amount-of-learning outcome variable has been attributed to the environment in which teaching and learning are conducted. Studies carried out so far have, however, not focused on the sociocultural aspect of the classroom environment, which has been theorized to have potential influence on students' learning. The intent of this study was to examine the influence of five aspects of the sociocultural environment in science classes with particular reference to how these are perceived by boys and girls. The 30-item Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES) developed by Jegede and Okebukola (1988) was used to collect data from 707 Nigerian secondary school students in Classes Four and Five (Grades 10 and 11, respectively). Authoritarianism, goal structure, African worldview, societal expectation, and sacredness of science were the five subscales studied. Sex differences were recorded in the societal expectation subscale. Most of the female subjects are of the opinion that society has a negative or low regard for their ability to do science and this has an effect on their motivation to undertake science-based careers. The reverse is true for boys. This perception is in agreement with the literature on sex differences in science education and highlights the social pressure that brings about subject preferences. The implications of these findings for science teaching and further research are highlighted.

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Akinsola Okebukola, Peter

211

[The socio-cultural and eating aspects of women experiencing risk pregnancies].  

Science.gov (United States)

To promote a healthy diet, the dietary guidance should consider socio-cultural factors as they influence both the food standards and preferences of each population. The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural contexts of pregnancy and feeding in the domestic arena, using a qualitative approach. In-depth interviews were conducted using the data saturation technique with six women experiencing high-risk pregnancy. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin method and the IT Atlas program. The following aspects were identified: uncertainty due to unplanned pregnancy and limited partner support; a few dietary changes to improve health; perception of bad and good feeding habits, although it did not comply with the characteristics of a good diet; omission of fruit and vegetable group from dinner. The people in charge of preparing and serving food were not always the pregnant woman; food products perceived as being harmful were consumed and beneficial products were rarely consumed. This highlighted the need to train professionals to consider the socio-cultural context when providing dietary guidance. PMID:24897207

Sámano, Reyna Sámano; Martínez, Estela Godinez; Pérez, Irma Romero; Miranda, Georgina Sánchez; Polis, José Manuel Espíndola; Courtois, Mayra Lilia Chávez

2014-05-01

212

[The role of family and socio-cultural factors in the development of eating disorders].  

Science.gov (United States)

A great number of publications in the international literature have revealed the possible part of biological factors in eating disorders and as well as characteristics of the patients' personality that favour or contribute in the development of these disorders. The research in etiology, however, includes the examination of family and socio-cultural factors. The aim of the present paper was to concentrate bibliographic data related to the family and socio-cultural factors that form the conditions under which anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa develop, excluding articles about binge-eating disorder. Articles from 1995 to 2005 were included through search in the files of the electronic database Medline (PubMed) on terms of inventory (MESH) for both disorders. About the role of the family environment, it was found that the factors studied more were family dysfunction, overprotection and sexual or physical abuse. As for the socio-cultural factors it is not perfectly clear whether the western standards of life are linked to the development of these disorders or if there is simply a lack of culturally sensitive instruments to detect these disorders in their different possible forms in the non-western world. An important finding is that there are not enough researches to show clearly any negative part played by the mass media. PMID:22214871

Spanou, E; Morogiannis, F

2010-01-01

213

Socio-cultural determinants of anticipated acceptance of an oral cholera vaccine in Western Kenya.  

Science.gov (United States)

Determinants of anticipated acceptance of an oral cholera vaccine (OCV) were studied in urban and rural communities of Western Kenya. An explanatory model interview administered to 379 community residents assessed anticipated vaccine acceptance at various prices from no cost to full-cost recovery, socio-cultural features of cholera and social characteristics. Nearly all (99%) residents indicated willingness to accept a no-cost OCV, 95% at a price of US$ 0·8, 73% at US$ 4·2 and 59% at US$ 8·4. Logistic regression models analysed socio-cultural determinants of anticipated OCV acceptance. Prominence of non-specific symptoms for cholera was negatively associated with acceptance. A cholera-specific symptom (thirst), self-help referring to prayer, income and education were positively associated. In the high-cost model, education was no longer significant and reliance on herbal treatment was a significant determinant of vaccine non-acceptance. Findings suggest high motivation for OCVs, if affordable. Socio-cultural determinants are better predictors of anticipated acceptance than socio-demographic factors alone. PMID:22564277

Sundaram, N; Schaetti, C; Chaignat, C-L; Hutubessy, R; Nyambedha, E O; Mbonga, L A; Weiss, M G

2013-03-01

214

An Overview Of Virtualization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an overview of virtualization .The first part covers the various Virtualization approaches. The second part covers the requirements for virtualization and its working. The third part covers its applications. In the final part the challenges and security issues are discussed.  

Er.Gursimran Singh

2013-05-01

215

Contact problems  

CERN Document Server

L.A. Galin's book on contact problems is a remarkable work. Actually there are two books: the first, published in 1953 deals with contact problems in the classical theory of elasticity; this is the one that was translated into English in 1961. The second book, published in 1980, included the first, and then had new sections on contact problems for viscoelastic materials, and rough contact problems; this section has not previously been translated into English. In this new translation, the original text and the mathematical analysis have been completely revised, new material has been added, and the material appearing in the 1980 Russian translation has been completely rewritten. In addition there are three essays by students of Galin, bringing the analysis up to date.

Galin, Lev Aleksandrovich

2008-01-01

216

Contact Lenses  

Science.gov (United States)

... Z Listing Good Vision For Life Infants Children Adults Seniors Caring for Your Vision Eye & Vision Exams Contact Lenses Diet and Nutrition UV Protection Resources for Teachers 3D Vision & Eye Health Classroom Exercises ...

217

Contact Dermatitis  

Science.gov (United States)

... Allergenicity of a Metallic Jewelry Alloy in Patients Allergic to Cobalt.” Cutis . 2006 February;77(2):77-80. Zug KA et al. “Contact and Occupational Dermatitis.” Presented as a symposium at: The 64th ...

218

Physical priors in virtual colonoscopy  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic colon cleansing (ECC) aims to remove the contrast agent from the CT abdominal images so that a virtual model of the colon can be constructed. Virtual colonoscopy requires either liquid or solid preparation of the colon before CT imaging. This paper has two parts to address ECC in both preparation methods. In the first part, meniscus removal in the liquid preparation is studied. The meniscus is the curve seen at the top of a liquid in response to its container. Left on the colon wall, the meniscus can decrease the sensitivity and specificity of virtual colonoscopy. We state the differential equation that governs the profile of the meniscus and propose an algorithm for calculating the boundary of the contrast agent. We compute the surface tension of the liquid-colon wall contact using in-vivo CT data. Our results show that the surface tension can be estimated with an acceptable degree of uncertainty. Such an estimate, along with the meniscus profile differential equation will be used as an a priori knowledge to aid meniscus segmentation. In the second part, we study ECC in solid preparation of colon. Since the colon is pressurized with air before acquisition of the CT images, a prior on the shape of the colon wall can be obtained. We present such prior and investigate it using patient data. We show the shape prior is held in certain parts of the colon and propose a method that uses this prior to ease pseudoenhancement correction.

Rivaz, Hassan; Shinagawa, Yoshihisa; Liang, Jianming

2009-02-01

219

Virtualization A Manager's Guide  

CERN Document Server

What exactly is virtualization? As this concise book explains, virtualization is a smorgasbord of technologies that offer organizations many advantages, whether you're managing extremely large stores of rapidly changing data, scaling out an application, or harnessing huge amounts of computational power. With this guide, you get an overview of the five main types of virtualization technology, along with information on security, management, and modern use cases. Topics include: Access virtualization-Allows access to any application from any deviceApplication virtualization-Enables applications

Kusnetzky, Dan

2011-01-01

220

A Virtual Class Calculus  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Virtual classes are class-valued attributes of objects. Like virtual methods, virtual classes are defined in an object's class and may be redefined within subclasses. They resemble inner classes, which are also defined within a class, but virtual classes are accessed through object instances, not as static components of a class. When used as types, virtual classes depend upon object identity - each object instance introduces a new family of virtual class types. Virtual classes support large scale program composition techniques, including higher-order hierarchies and family polymorphism. The original definition of virtual classes in BETA left open the question of static type safety, since some type errors were not caught until runtime. Later the languages Caesar and gbeta have used a more strict static analysis in order to ensure static type safety. However, the existence of a sound, statically typed model for virtual classes has been a long-standing open question. This paper presents a virtual class calculus,vc, that captures the essence of virtual classes in these full-fledged programming languages. The key contributions of the paper are a formalization of the dynamic and static semantics of vc and a proof of the soundness of vc.

Ernst, Erik; Ostermann, Klaus

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Idoneidad didáctica de un protocolo sociocultural de enseñanza y aprendizaje de las matemáticas / Didactical suitability of a sociocultural mathematics teaching and learning protocol  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Neste estudo avalia-se a adequação de um protocolo para o ensino do conceito de poliedro regular, para alunos entre 14 e 15 anos. Este protocolo foi concebido a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e a sua avaliação assenta na aplicação de critérios de adequação didática segundo o enfoque ontosem [...] iótico. A adequação é estudada por uma revisão das suas várias dimensões: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional e ecológica. A análise permitiu detectar alguns fatores que favorecem a validade do protocolo e a adequação para a sua utilização em sala de aula, como o tipo de discurso, o uso de material manipulável ou o trabalho cooperativo. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se evalúa la adecuación de un protocolo para la enseñanza del concepto de poliedro regular, destinado a alumnos de 14 y 15 años. Este protocolo se ha diseñado desde una perspectiva sociocultural y su evaluación se basa en la aplicación de los criterios de idoneidad didáctica que ofre [...] ce el enfoque ontosemiótico. La idoneidad se estudia con la revisión de sus diferentes dimensiones: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional y ecológica. El análisis ha permitido detectar algunos factores que favorecen la validez del protocolo y la adecuación para su empleo en el aula, como el tipo de discurso, el uso de material manipulable o el trabajo cooperativo. Abstract in english This study evaluates the suitability of a protocol for teaching the concept of regular polyhedra to students of 14 and 15 years of age. The protocol has been designed from a sociocultural angle and its evaluation is based on the application of didactical suitability criteria which offers an ontosemi [...] otic approach. Suitability is studied by looking at its different dimensions: mathematical, cognitive, interactional, mediational, emotional and ecological. The analysis has enabled some factors to be identified which support the validity of the protocol and its suitability for use in the classroom, namely, the type of discourse, use of manipulable materials and cooperative work.

Àngel, Alsina; Marta, Domingo.

2010-03-01

222

Contact Lens Risks  

Science.gov (United States)

... Contact Lenses Contact Lens Prescription Buying Contact Lenses Contact Lens Solutions and Products Contact Lens Risks Everyday Eye Care ... case. Always discard all of the left over contact lens solution after each use. Never reuse any lens solution. ...

223

Knowledge Value Creation Characteristics of Virtual Teams: A Case Study in the Construction Sector  

Science.gov (United States)

Any knowledge environment aimed at virtual teams should promote identification, access, capture and retrieval of relevant knowledge anytime / anywhere, while nurturing the social activities that underpin the knowledge sharing and creation process. In fact, socio-cultural issues play a critical role in the successful implementation of Knowledge Management (KM), and constitute a milestone towards value creation. The findings indicate that Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) promote value creation when they embed and nurture the social conditions that bind and bond team members together. Furthermore, technology assets, human networks, social capital, intellectual capital, and change management are identified as essential ingredients that have the potential to ensure effective knowledge value creation.

Vorakulpipat, Chalee; Rezgui, Yacine

224

El Aprendizaje del Arte: Un modelo de mediación basado en la interacción sociocultural / The Learning of Art: A model of mediation based on the sociocultural interaction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta el resultado de una investigación documental, realizada a partir de la reflexión crítica de textos sobre el paradigma sociocultural propuesto por Vigotsky. Se propone un modelo para mediar las interacciones pedagógicas como proceso de enseñanza del arte, a través del arte, sustentado en [...] una interpretación en la cual se atribuye a las imágenes un paralelo con las unidades sintagmáticas del lenguaje. En este sentido, se presentan como estrategias innovadoras: la Visión Compartida, la Imaginación Creadora y el Trabajo en Equipo como dinámicas que sustentan las interacciones sociales propias del proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje. La intencionalidad se focaliza en el desarrollo de procesos de comprensión del propio aprendizaje, que al ser introyectados tienden a la internalización de logros orientados a la autorregulación, la toma de decisiones y a la organización de los procesos de meta-aprendizaje como fortalezas individuales en un contexto colectivo de la educación en y por el Arte. Abstract in english The result of a documentary investigation is offered, made from the texts’ critical reflection about the sociocultural paradigm proposed by Lev Vigotsky. It is the proposal of a model to mediate pedagogical interactions in a process of art education, through art, sustained in an interpretation in wh [...] ich a parallel with the syntacmatic units of language is attributed to images as well as the quality of minimum units of meaning in the representation of the artistic languages. In this sense innovating strategies are presented: Shared Vision, Creative Imagination and Team Work as dynamics that sustain owns social interactions of the process of learning and education. The intentionality is focused in the development of processes of understanding their learning, that when owned tends to the internalization of goals oriented to self-regulation, decision making and the organization of meta-learning processes as individual strengths in a collective context of education in and by Art.

Rebeca, Matos; Yván, Pineda; Alejandro, Vásquez.

2010-04-01

225

Effects of Socio-Cultural Realities on the Nigerian Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs): Case of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Lagos State  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Socio-cultural realities are importance components in the Nigerian business environment. There is a shortage ofliterature and studies that linked socio-cultural realities to business development and performance.Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) constitutes over 70 per cent of the Nigerian businesses and characteristicallyinformal. The objectives of this paper are in two-folds, namely (i) identify socio-cultural realities in the SMEbusiness environment in Nigeria and; (ii) examine the impact of ...

Johnson, Felicia O.; Olusoji George; Oluwakemi Owoyemi; Mofope Adegboye

2013-01-01

226

Virtual Campus in the Context of an Educational Virtual City  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is focused on virtual campuses, i.e. virtual worlds representing real educational institutions that are based on the metaphor of a university and provide users with different learning tools. More specifically, the idea of integrating a virtual campus into the context of a virtual city is suggested. Such a virtual city, where students…

Fominykh, Mikhail; Prasolova-Forland, Ekaterina; Morozov, Mikhail; Gerasimov, Alexey

2011-01-01

227

Los entornos virtuales como espacios de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Una perspectiva psicoeducativa para su caracterización y análisis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Desde una perspectiva constructivista de orientación socio-cultural, en este trabajo se presenta un modelo teórico que permite analizar el potencial transformador de los entornos virtuales a partir de su capacidad para mediar las relaciones entre profesores, estudiantes y contenidos. Atendiendo a lo [...] s principios básicos del modelo teórico, se revisan algunos temas centrales relacionados con el análisis de la actividad conjunta en estos entornos y se propone una aproximación multi-método para su estudio. Por último, se destacan aspectos relacionados con el diseño y la investigación de entornos virtuales concebidos como espacios para el desarrollo de procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Abstract in english Using a constructivist perspective of socio-cultural orientation, this article presents a theoretical model that permits analyzing the transforming potential of virtual environments, based on their ability to mediate relations among teachers, students, and content. By addressing the basic principles [...] of the theoretical model, a review is made of some of the central topics related to the analysis of joint activity in these environments. A multi-method approach is proposed for their study. Lastly, attention is centered on aspects related to the design and research of virtual environments conceived as places for the development of teaching and learning processes.

Alfonso, Bustos Sánchez; César, Coll Salvador.

2010-03-01

228

MITRE's virtual model shop  

Science.gov (United States)

The exploration of visual data and the use of visual information during the design process can be greatly enhanced by working within the virtual environment where the user is closely coupled to the data by means of immersive technologies and natural user interfaces. Current technology enables us to construct a virtual environment utilizing 3D graphics projection, object generated stereo sound, tactile feedback, and voice command input. Advances in software architectures and user interfaces enable us to focus on enhancing the design process within the virtual environment. These explorations at MITRE have evolved into an application which focuses on the ability to create, manipulate, and explore photo and audio realistic 3D models of work spaces, office complexes, and entire communities in real-time. This application, the Virtual Interactive Planning System, is a component of the MITRE virtual model shop, a suite of applications which permits the user to design and manipulate computer graphics models within the virtual environment.

Wingfield, Michael A.

1995-04-01

229

Sociocultural Characteristics of Psychological Education in the Context of Systemic-Anthropological Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: The problem of moving from economic efficiency of the social one in the modern society is actualized. It is pointed out that the methodological basis for the solving questions of psychological education development are considered to be an anthropological psychology as a new scientific branch, which reflects the tendencies of development of psychology now a days. It is shown that there are various points of view on psychological education: self-organization as adaptation, self-organization as self-regulation and self-organization as self-determination. On the basis of these points of view psychology educational opportunities of a human being are considered as an individual life strategy aimed at success. Approach: The possibilities of different sociocultural environments and their contribution to psychological education of a person have been analyzed. The attention has been drawn to the fact, that sociocultural environment is the complex of social conditions of a personâ??s life, that allow to act in accordance with the structure and functions of the environment, choosing from the variety of possibilities those, which can be realized. The question of free choice of possible alternatives and creating of oneâ??s own life story is discussed. Results: The motivation of achievement has qualitative differences depending on character of socio-cultural identity. If socio-cultural identity is positive, motivation of achieving the successes is a general life line. The revealed connection of components of positive functioning and showing the motivation of achievement has been considered in the context of our research as a full, subjective experience, which is of great importance for the person himself, as it is connected to basic human values and such everyday notions as happiness, happy life. When characterized the experience of psychological well-being by a person, it is necessary to mention that it supposes comparison of oneâ?? existence of the norm, sample or ideal. But this norm or sample is in the consciousness of the experiencing person, thus psychological well-being is a kind of self-attitude. Conclusion: The revealed differences allow us to make a conclusion that more opened socio-cultural environment of a large city and personal activity of respondents, define the direction of development, conduce broadening of the axiological and meaningful area. Whereas because of deficiency of forms of socio-cultural environment, students living in a town appear to have different important features of character in comparison with the respondents from a large city. Young peopleâ??s life goes on the basis of earlier stereotypes, according to arrangement activities, which limit personal development. Specifics of formation as possibilities of life self-fulfillment in the system-anthropological context set by our acts as creativity in relation to itself which is determined future-the world of its (human being of the purposes directing activity in the present.

Irina Loginova

2012-01-01

230

Reality in Virtual Learning : Challenges without the Classroom  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The development of ITC has increased focus onto distance learning programs worldwide. Most universities today offer distance learning programs that are based on the Internet. This development represents a fundamental change in the very logic of being a university. It is no longer enough to rely on professor authority. How can one create a learning situation that enables the university to remain viable? In most western countries, the professors have dominated the learning processes at universities. Since the 50s, learning has been about learning-in, memorizing, and cram (Illeris, 2000) where professors most often decide what and when one could learn by providing the context and substance. In this perspective, the student has a role which is close to the one of a passive receiver, and s/he is mainly preoccupied with the problem of generating substance in memory most efficiently. Today, technology challenges our pedagogical reasoning in many ways. However, old pedagogical models often prevail. We see practices where lectures, notes and course information are published on the Internet, where ICT helps professor-student communication, and online based student tests. These attempts are based on old-time educational logic. There are fewer attempts to use ICT according to a different pedagogical perspective than the old professor authoritarian model. The purpose of this paper is to illuminate some challenges virtual students experience when facing a new ICT-based learning situation. We will try to explore and develop understandings of what it might mean to be a student when learning occurs within a virtual problem based learning landscape. When students are used to the traditional classroom, challenges appear in the twilight zone between two pedagogical practices. How do the students cope with challenges that a new virtual program demands, and what paradoxes and ambiguities appear when old learning processes do not work anymore? The present focus reflects an existential-phenomenological point of departure. This perspective is based on the philosophical writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Martin Heidegger (1927/1996; "Being and Time"), and the successors Hans-Georg Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur. The work is also inspired of the father of culturalism - Jerome Bruner (1996) and Wenger's (1998) community of practice. Thompson (1997) is an inspiration through his initiator of hermeneutical endeavor within consumer research. The consequences of this perspective are that the student and his/her experiences and learning cannot be separated from the student's existence. As for the subject matter, we cannot separate the student from his/her studying. Learning becomes a profoundly socio-cultural process which has to be studied according to the situation and context in which it appears. It is the heart of this project that the twilight zone between cultural roles might reveal some interesting knowledge about the introduction of ICT and its consequences. The socio-cultural conditions of present society set the context for the hermeneutic analysis of meanings and salient life concerns that learning experiences hold for time-pressured virtual students with high degree of responsibilities. An existential-phenomenological assumption is that individuals would tend to interpret their experiences within present socio-cultural framework. Due to its novel characteristics of the program, however, it is particularly interesting to investigate the role that virtual studying serves in the construction of reality and meaning. Furthermore, as it is assumed that experiences cannot be separated from who one is (being-in-the world), the process of human change during virtual studying is also expected to influence salient types of learning, the student's work practice, and his/her private practice.

Pettersson, Michael

2007-01-01

231

VEM: Virtual Enterprise Methodology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter presents a virtual enterprise methodology (VEM) that outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises (VEs). As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for and setting up an enterprise network, which works as a breeding ground for setting up VEs. The VEM applies the Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (VERA) as an underlying structure. Both VEM and VERA are developed as a part of the GLOBEMEN project.

TØlle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan

2003-01-01

232

Physical culture as a phenomenon of the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers of physical education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose : to substantiate the phenomenon of formation of physical culture of the individual in terms of theoretical and methodological approaches to the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers. Material : 22 literary sources analyzed on the issue of formation of physical culture of the individual. Used cultural studies, axiological and competence approach. Results : define the concept of socio-cultural competence of the teacher of physical education. Competence is considered as an integrative motivational tumor - activity sphere of the individual. It determines the focus of an expert on the formation of spiritual values and is the foundation for its further self-development. Disclosed structure sociocultural competence of the teacher in the unity components: cognitive, motivational-value, behavioral. For each component defined system of spiritual values. The system covers the socio- psychological, mental and cultural values of physical culture. Conclusions : the sociocultural competence of the teacher of physical education meaningful and functionally related to the values of the physical culture of the individual. Spiritual, value the personality of the teacher - is the foundation for all of the components of socio-cultural competence. This competence provides social and cultural development of the individual.

Ivanii I.V.

2014-03-01

233

Virtual Machine Introspection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Thus, monitoring of virtual machine is essential. The paper proposes a Virtual Network Introspection [VMI] System to secure the Virtual machines from Distributed Denial of Service [DDOS] and Zombie attacks.

S C Rachana

2014-06-01

234

Virtual Reality Laboratory  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Michigan Virtual Reality Laboratory (VRL) at the College of Engineering explores innovative applications of immersive and non-immersive virtual environments in a variety of areas. For industrial applications, research is focused on virtual prototyping of engineering designs - especially in the automotive and marine industry - the simulation of manufacturing processes, and related engineering tasks. Additional activities include the use of virtual reality in accident simulations, medicine, architecture, archeology, education, and other areas. As an interdisciplinary facility, the VRL collaborates with many disciplines within the university and serves the outside community. Through a combined directorship, the Laboratory cooperates closely with the University of Michigan 3D Lab.

Fogler, H. S.

2008-10-22

235

SOCIOCULTURAL STAFF OF LEADERS OF CHON IN OREL REGION IN 1922  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this work is the complex sociocultural characteristics of the commanders of units of special approach on the territory of Orel province in 1922. The information about the age of commanders, their educational level, the extent of their military training, office and battle experience, family status is given. The author comes to the conclusion that men at the age between 25 and 30, family (as a rule, with primary education and military training, sufficient office and battle experience stood at the head of Orel ChON at the moment of its final organizational formation.

Verizhnikov Alexei Nikolaevich

2013-02-01

236

Sociocultural Theory Applied to Second Language Learning: Collaborative Learning with Reference to the Chinese Context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT. In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky’s theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD, and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA and second language learning (SLL research papers. These concepts lay the psychological foundation for collaborative learning, the subject of this paper. This publication aims to examine SCT by assessing collaborative learning within the Chinese context. This paper focuses on teacher-student collaboration and it concludes that the perceived way of learning and teaching and teacher-student relationship should be changed in order to implement collaborative learning.

Dongyu Zhang

2013-08-01

237

A Socio-Cultural Model Based on Empirical Data of Cultural and Social Relationship  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The goal of this paper is to integrate culture and social relationship as a computational term in an embodied conversational agent system by employing empirical and theoretical approach. We propose a parameter-based model that predicts nonverbal expressions appropriate for specific cultures in different social relationship. So, first, we introduce the theories of social and cultural characteristics. Then, we did corpus analysis of human interaction of two cultures in two different social situations and extracted empirical data and finally, by integrating socio-cultural characteristics with empirical data, we establish a parameterized network model that generates culture specific non-verbal expressions in different social relationships.

Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko

2010-01-01

238

Socio-cultural determinants of anticipated acceptance of an oral cholera vaccine in Western Kenya  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Determinants of anticipated acceptance of an oral cholera vaccine (OCV) were studied in urban and rural communities of Western Kenya. An explanatory model interview administered to 379 community residents assessed anticipated vaccine acceptance at various prices from no cost to full-cost recovery, socio-cultural features of cholera and social characteristics. Nearly all (99%) residents indicated willingness to accept a no-cost OCV, 95% at a price of US$ 0·8, 73% at US$ 4·2 and 59% at US$ 8?...

Sundaram, N.; Schaetti, C.; Chaignat, C. -l; Hutubessy, R.; Nyambedha, E. O.; Mbonga, L. A.; Weiss, M. G.

2012-01-01

239

Contact Binaries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite being the most abundant (by space density) of interacting binary stars, W Ursae Majoris (W UMa) stars are not understood structurally. Their stellar components are in physical contact, and share a common convective envelope. Observations demand large-scale energy exchange between components, as do considerations of hydrostatic and thermal equilibrium. Yet solutions in complete equilibrium can account for only a few of the bluest W UMa binaries. Models which permit de...

Webbink, Ronald F.

2003-01-01

240

Virtual Data in CMS Production  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: 1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, 2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, 3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location ...

Arbree, A.; Avery, P.; Bourilkov, D.; Cavanaugh, R.; Graham, G.; Katageri, S.; Rodriguez, J.; Voeckler, J.; Wilde, M.

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Virtual Schools. Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of school districts in the U.S. are providing some form of online learning for their students. In the past, virtual schools primarily targeted advanced students who didn't have access to certain courses in their regular schools. Recently, however, many virtual schools have shifted their focus to credit recovery as a way to provide…

Blazer, Christie

2009-01-01

242

Virtual water strider  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a water strider (Family Gerridae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

243

Virtual german cockroach  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a German Cockroach (Family Blattidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

244

Virtual yellowjacket wasp  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a yellowjacket wasp (Family Vespidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

245

The Erasmus Virtual Campus  

Science.gov (United States)

The Erasmus Virtual Campus was inaugurated in September 2000 to bring together scientists and engineers interested in using the International Space Station and other facilities for their research. It also provides the foundation for creating Virtual Institutes in selected scientific disciplines. The current capabilities of the Campus are highlighted, along with plans for the future.

Isakeit, D.

2002-02-01

246

Virtual Peace Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is based on the convictions that peace education is the basis for any sustainable non-violent relations between parties in a conflict, and that virtual peace education is almost the only feasible way to practise peace education in an open violent conflict as is the current Israeli/Palestinians one. Moreover, virtual peace education…

Firer, Ruth

2008-01-01

247

JHU Virtual laboratory  

Science.gov (United States)

This virtual laboratory, which accompanies the Johns Hopkins University course "500.101 What is Engineering?" uses JAVA interactive technology to offer students experiment-oriented problems via the WWW or CD-ROM. The objective of the course and the virtual laboratory is to introduce beginning science and engineering students to

Karweit, Michael

248

10 Myths of Virtualization  

Science.gov (United States)

Half of servers in higher ed are virtualized. But that number's not high enough for Link Alander, interim vice chancellor and CIO at the Lone Star College System (Texas). He aspires to see 100 percent of the system's infrastructure requirements delivered as IT services from its own virtualized data centers or other cloud-based operators. Back in…

Schaffhauser, Dian

2012-01-01

249

Virtual pull-backs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose a generalization of Gysin maps for DM-type morphisms of stacks $F\\to G$ that admit a perfect relative obstruction theory $E_{F/G}^{\\bullet}$, which we call a "virtual pull-back". We prove functoriality properties of virtual pull-backs. As applications, we analyze Gromov-Witten invariants of blow-ups and projective bundles.

Manolache, Cristina

2008-01-01

250

Teachers Role As A Transmited On Socio-Cultural Constitution At Cyprus Turkish Community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Every socio-cultural constitution is the complement of organizations which exists by means of economy, politics, religion, education and family. Education is both an organization and a process of socialization from the sociological perspective. Education is a process that is affected and conformed by the society, affects and conforms the society, can change as the society changes and also changes the society with the parallelism of its change. Teachers are the most significant managers of this organization. Teaching is an important profession with its quality and function which enables the society to develop in each field and keep on its existence. The role of education and teachers can not be ignored for Cypriot Turkish Community that is located on a geo-strategic geography during ages.In this study, it is aimed to explain and clarify how Cypriot Turkish community, which had to survive under the Direction of English colony for 82 years, have been able to transmit its socio-cultural structure to the future by the excellent aid of education and teachers despite the physical impossibility and domination.

Dr. Elmaziye TÖRE TEM?Z

2009-02-01

251

A Study On Socio-Cultural Characteristics and Postgraduate Education Willingness Of The Classroom Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the socio-cultural characteristics and willingness of graduate education of teacher candidates. The study consists of 312 candidates including 140 female and 172 male attending to Primary Education Departments in F?rat, ?nönü and Erzincan Universities in the 2008-2009 academic years. This research in which screening model was used a descriptive character. The data were collected with identified socio-cultural characteristics questionnaire by which was developed researcher and with a Likert-type scale determined willingness of postgraduate. The data on the scale was analyzed using techniques such as arithmetic average, percentage distribution and frequency in the SPSS 15.0 package program. As a result of the statistical analysis in theresearch it was observed that 70,1 percent of students were graduated from public high schools; 90,4 percent of mothers were housewife; 35,6 percent of fathers were civil servant and according to the father educational status, the majority of level education was in the middle school level educational. According to the family’s income, it was seen that students had come from lower and middle income families of society. Also, it was concluded that students’ willingness to the postgraduate was positive but willingness scores not very high.

Bahad?r KÖKSALAN

2010-12-01

252

Sociocultural factors in public acceptance: comparative risk studies involving France, the USA and the UK  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Examples are given of two types of comparative study that explore the sociocultural factors that shape public attitudes. In the first, public perceptions of nuclear power were assessed by answers to a questionnaire on a broad range of factors by 1500 people in France and the USA. A degree of homogeniety was observed in the responses from France and the USA. Strikingly, both populations agreed in their evaluation of the health risk represented by nuclear power plant. Thus the apparently greater acceptance of nuclear power in France does not seem to be associated with a lesser perception of risk. However, presented with the statement ''We can trust the experts and engineers who build, operate and regulate nuclear power'' 66% of the French agreed compared to only 43% of the Americans. These results reflect two different types of relationship between society and authority. In the second study the approach to gaining public trust and acceptance in the siting of nuclear waste research facilities was compared between the UK and France. Striking differences were found. In this case, too, an explanation can be put forward in terms of the sociocultural variables which influence institutional decision making, particularly in the role and form given to authority. (UK)

253

Socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services in a transhumance social-ecological network  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The ecosystem services framework is receiving increasing attention in the fields of policy and research. The assessment of human attitudes and perceptions regarding ecosystem services has been proposed as a promising tool for addressing complex problems associated with environmental change, particularly in the context of cultural landscapes. Transhumance is not only a farming practice responsible for shaping cultural landscapes but also an adaptive strategy based on mobility that may represent a useful approach to overcoming the growing challenges posed by accelerated environmental change. A socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services associated with the Conquense Drove Road, one of the major transhumant networks still in use in Mediterranean Spain, was conducted via the distribution of questionnaires to 416 local residents and visitors to capture their perceptions regarding the importance of 34 ecosystem services (10 provisioning, 12 regulating, and 12 cultural) for both social and personal well-being. Overall, the ecosystem services considered to be the most important for social well-being were fire prevention, air purification and livestock. Most of the ecosystem services in question were perceived as declining, with the exception of those associated with recreation, scientific knowledge and environmental education. This study revealed that perceptions regarding the value of ecosystem services differed among respondents, depending on their age, place of origin and gender. Several methodological issues, as well as the implications of socio-cultural valuation for policy making, are also discussed here. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Oteros-Rozas, E.; Martín-López, B.

2014-01-01

254

In Consideration of Latino Children: a sociocultural perspective of literacy skills development using Literature Circles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Desde una perspectiva sociocultural que relaciona investigaciones actuales este artículo presenta una discusión sobre la importancia de involucrar a niños Latinos en discusiones de círculos de literatura que usan la literatura de niños culturalmente apropiada, significativa, y relevante en aulas en [...] los Estados Unidos. Además, los profesores son animados a ser practicantes reflexivos y a pensar que una perspectiva pedagógica basada en "los fondos de conocimiento" de los niños que consideran las prácticas de lectoescritura de las familias en casa pueden contribuir al éxito del aprendizaje y la escolaridad de los niños Latinos. Abstract in english This article, reflecting a sociocultural perspective and connections to current research, presents a discussion about the importance of engaging Latino children in literature circle discussions using culturally appropriate, meaningful, and relevant children's literature in classrooms in the United S [...] tates. In addition, teachers are encouraged to be reflective practitioners and to consider a "funds of knowledge" perspective by taking time to understand the literacy practices of the families at home and how they may contribute to success in school for Latino children.

Stephanie A, Bryant.

2005-01-01

255

Sociocultural factors and malaria in the desert part of Rajasthan, India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & objectives: Malaria is a new emerging problem of Indian Thar Desert. The study wasattempted to find out some sociocultural factors associated with malaria transmission in this regionand to supplement social solutions to ongoing malaria control efforts in the desert part of Rajasthan.Methods: Interview technique was used for data collection on pre-tested schedules. In all 30 households(15 from low socioeconomic group and the same number of households from the high socioeconomicgroup in a village were selected following systematic random sampling technique. A total of 450respondents were selected randomly in 15 villages of Jaisalmer district, Rajasthan.Results: One-third of the respondents had neither taken treatment for malaria nor took part in the vectorcontrol operations because they did not consider mosquito bites to be harmful and took malaria as amild disease. Outdoor sleeping habits, sharing bed with children, uneasy and suffocation feeling inusing mosquito bednets or any other protective device also contributed to the spread of malaria in thestudy villages.Interpretation & conclusion: Community should be educated as a whole particularly the low socioeconomicgroup of people to bring changes in their beliefs, sociocultural and health practices to protectthemselves from mosquito bites by using bednets, repellents and other devices, such as wire meshscreening of house doors and windows.

S.P. Yadav, R.K. Kalundha , R.C. Sharma

2007-09-01

256

SOCIO-CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE E-MARKETING USERS (CASE OF RASHT TOWNSHIP, IRAN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to study the socio-cultural index of rice electronic marketing users in Rasht Township, Iran. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 367 paddy farmers in Rasht Township. To identify the socio-cultural characteristics of rice e-marketing users, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the face and content validity were used. Reliability for the instrument was estimated at 0.81. The Kurskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney test have been used to identify the effective factors on e-marketing. The result revealed that almost 68% of farmers had high tendency to adoption of electronic marketing and more than 70% of respondents chose rural ICT offices for rice e-marketing. Experience in using the internet services and internet skill had significant effects on e-marketing adoption. Finally, the result of this research presents a brokerage model. The nature of this model is (B2C which means truck between business (ICT office and customers. In this model, rural ICT offices have a role as buy/sell fulfillment.

Seyed ALAVIOON

2013-03-01

257

The Role of Negative Evidence in the Acquisition of Sociocultural Aspects of First Language  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Children learn their native language in a relatively rapid time and are able to communicate from very early using language. But is the acquisition of their native culture and native language dependent on each other (LeVine & Norman, 2001; Riesman, 1993? The present study aims to investigate the extent to which parents provide their children with direct and indirect negative feedback while they are acquiring sociocultural aspects of their language. A group of parents (N=75 from three social backgrounds were interviewed. The results showed that parents used direct negative feedback more than indirect negative evidence while correcting a culturally inappropriate utterance (calling parents by their first names. Also it was found that parents from middle class socioeconomic status used more direct negative evidence than parents from a working class background who showed no significant difference regarding the use of different types of negative feedback. These results show the importance of negative feedback in the acquisition of sociocultural and pragmatic aspects of the native language.

Farzaneh Dehghan

2012-09-01

258

Sociocultural mediators of remembering : An extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The reported research uses an extension of Bartlett's method of repeated reproduction to provide data on the sociocultural processes underlying reconstructive remembering. Twenty participants worked in pairs to remember the War of the Ghosts story 15 min and 1 week after presentation. The observed transformations were comparable to previous research with individuals. Going beyond previous research, we analyse participants' discourse to provide a window on the processes underlying these transformations. Textual excerpts demonstrate how imagery, narrative coherence, deduction, repetition, gesture, questioning and deferring contribute to the transformation and conventionalization of the material. These diverse sociocultural mediators are integrated into a partially coherent recollection by participants self-reflecting, or as Bartlett termed it, turning around upon their schemas. We demonstrate that this self-reflection is both a social and a psychological process, occurring because participants are responding totheir own utterances in the same way that they respond to the utterances of other people. These empirical findings are used to make a case for using discursive data to look not only at discursive processes but also at socially situated and scaffolded psychological processes.

Wagoner, Brady; Gillespie, Alex

2014-01-01

259

HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EN ALUMNOS DE BAJO NIVEL SOCIOCULTURAL / MATHEMATICAL SKILLS IN STUDENTS FROM A LOW SOCIAL AND CULTURAL STRATUM / HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EM ALUNOS DE BAIXO NÍVEL SOCIOCULTURAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo, é examinada a qualidade do ensino primária em México. Para dar conta do processo de desenvolvimento de várias habilidades matemáticas nos alunos do primeiro grau de ensino primária, foi realizado um estudo longitudinal em que participaram 169 alunos de estrato sociocultural baixo. Foi [...] aplicado um instrumento referido a critério e baseado em análise de tarefas, que possibilitou a análise de acertos e erros durante o ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Os resultados sinalam que os alunos tenham deficiências pré-acadêmicas, que desenvolveram algumas habilidades, mais que os níveis de aptitude matemática foram baixos ao final do curso. São discutidas as implicações dos resultados e são propostas alternativas para a educação, baseadas no modelo condutista de desenvolvimento psicológico. Abstract in spanish La temática abordada es la calidad de la educación básica en México. Con el propósito de dar cuenta del proceso de desarrollo de diversas habilidades matemáticas en alumnos de primer grado de primaria, se realizó un estudio longitudinal en el cual participaron 169 alumnos de estrato sociocultural ba [...] jo. Se aplicó un instrumento referido a criterio y basado en análisis de tareas, que permitió analizar los aciertos y errores a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Los resultados indican que los alumnos ingresaron con deficiencias preacadémicas, que se desarrollaron algunas habilidades, pero que los niveles de aptitud matemática fueron bajos al finalizar el curso. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se proponen alternativas para la educación, basadas en el modelo conductual de desarrollo psicológico. Abstract in english In this paper, the quality of primary education in Mexico is dealt with A longitudinal study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the process of development for various mathematical skills with first grade students; 169 students from a low social and cultural stratum participated. An instrument [...] referred to criteria and based on task analysis was used to analyze the errors and the correct responses throughout the 2004-2005 school year Results show that students had enrolled with previous academic deficiencies and developed some skills; however, the levels of mathematical skills were still low at the end of the school term. The implications of these results are discussed and some alternatives for education based on a behavioural model of psychological development are proposed.

YOLANDA, GUEVARA BENÍTEZ; ÁNGELA, HERMOSILLO GARCÍA; ALFREDO, LÓPEZ HERNÁNDEZ; ULISES, DELGADO SÁNCHEZ; GUSTAVO RENÉ, GARCÍA VARGAS; JUAN PABLO, RUGERIO TAPIA.

2008-12-01

260

METRIC OF VIRTUAL WORLDS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We investigate the hypothesis of a plurality of parallel and virtual worlds. It is assumed that sentient beings in each virtual world reach a stage of development that can create a virtual world to simulate the history of their own development. In this case, the virtual worlds are nested within each other, which put a severe restriction on the possible geometry of space-time. Discussed the draft geometry virtual worlds consistently displayed from one world to another. It is shown that in this case, the metric should be universal, depending only on the fundamental constants. There are examples of universal metrics obtained in Einstein's theory of gravitation and Yang-Mills theory

Trunev A. P.

2013-11-01

 
 
 
 
261

INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS’ ADJUSTMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: RELATION BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT, SELF-EFFICACY, AND SOCIO-CULTURAL ADJUSTMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between social support (Zimet et al., 1988, self-efficacy (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995, and socio-cultural adjustment (Ward & Kennedy, 1999. The sample consisted of 185 international undergraduate students in one of the public higher education institutions in Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was employed to test the hypotheses. The findings from this study indicated that support from friends and significant others is positively related to all dimensions of socio-cultural adjustment and support from family is positively related to cultural empathy. Self-efficacy is positively related to cultural empathy.

Yusliza Mohd.Yusoff

2011-05-01

262

Understanding the sociocultural context of coping for African American family members of homicide victims: a conceptual model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The disproportionate representation of African American survivors of homicide victims places them at greater risk for compromised mental health. However, an examination of factors that influence how this population copes with this traumatic event is absent from the literature. This article elucidates the importance of sociocultural factors that influence coping resources and strategies for African Americans surviving the homicide of a loved one. A socioculturally responsive model of coping is presented that can be utilized in furthering the development of research and practice that is culturally responsive to the needs of African American survivors of homicide victims. PMID:24370631

Sharpe, Tanya L

2015-01-01

263

Virtual Organizations: Beyond Network Organization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most used buzz-words in (e-business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is “touched” by the computer’s processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive line between the two concepts. Providing a more coherent description of what virtual organization might be is also one of our intentions.

Liviu Gabriel CRETU

2006-01-01

264

The Role of the Socio-Cultural Context in Designing Appropriate Support Services and Enhancing Interaction in Distance Education in Turkey  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the socio-cultural context is the key to developing appropriate support systems for distance learners. The socio-cultural context in Turkey is a critical ingredient in the development of Turkish distance education programmes, in which two elements of Turkish culture--patronage and an oral tradition--seem to play a significant role.…

Usun, Salih

2006-01-01

265

Realistic Haptic Rendering of Interacting Deformable Objects in Virtual Environments  

CERN Document Server

A new computer haptics algorithm to be used in general interactive manipulations of deformable virtual objects is presented. In multimodal interactive simulations, haptic feedback computation often comes from contact forces. Subsequently, the fidelity of haptic rendering depends significantly on contact space modeling. Contact and friction laws between deformable models are often simplified in up to date methods. They do not allow a "realistic" rendering of the subtleties of contact space physical phenomena (such as slip and stick effects due to friction or mechanical coupling between contacts). In this paper, we use Signorini's contact law and Coulomb's friction law as a computer haptics basis. Real-time performance is made possible thanks to a linearization of the behavior in the contact space, formulated as the so-called Delassus operator, and iteratively solved by a Gauss-Seidel type algorithm. Dynamic deformation uses corotational global formulation to obtain the Delassus operator in which the mass and s...

Duriez, Christian; Kheddar, Abderrahmane; Andriot, Claude

2008-01-01

266

The Role of The Socio-Cultural Context In Designing Appropriate Support Services And Enhancing Interaction In Distance Education In Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ABSTRACT Understanding the socio-cultural context is the key to developing appropriate support systems for distance learners. The socio-cultural context in Turkey is a critical ingredient in the development of Turkish distance education programmes, in which two elements of Turkish culture - patronage and an oral tradition - seem to play a significant role. The main aim of this study is to determine the role of the socio-cultural context in designing appropriate support services and enhancing interaction in the Turkish Distance Education System, namely, the Open Education Faculty (OEF. The study firstly introduces the technologies and socio-cultural context of the OEF then presents for consideration the influence of that context in designing appropriate support services and enhancing interaction; and finally provides a number of suggestions to enhance learner support and interaction according to the prevailing socio-cultural context.

Salih USUN

2006-07-01

267

Amor virtual e universos paralelos / Virtual love and parallel universes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Temos visto, hoje em dia, muitas pesquisas focalizando os avanços da informática interferindo nas relações pessoais. Se, por um lado, usufruímos os benefícios das infinitas possibilidades de acesso e contato com outros mundos, por outro, nos deparamos com nossos novos comportamentos frente a estes o [...] utros mundos. Para ilustrar estas idéias, apresentamos um caso clínico no qual a paciente, uma jovem senhora de vinte e sete anos, casada há oito anos, tem vivido há um ano uma "relação virtual", pela internet. Este processo tem absorvido-a completamente. Ela sente-se muito distante de seu marido desde que isolou-se em seu mundo paralelo, no qual apresenta uma nova identidade em todos os níveis. Esta nova identidade é inteiramente oposta à de sua vida real. No entanto, a impossibilidade de sentir-se realizada, seja em sua vida cotidiana, seja em seu universo paralelo, desencadeou-lhe um grave processo depressivo. Este exemplo clínico levou-nos a discutir os seguintes aspectos: (1) as experiências virtuais pela internet e os universos paralelos mencionados por Hugh Everett, um físico norte - americano; (2) a questão da ética feminina; (3) as manifestações mobilizadas no grupo pela paciente. Abstract in english We have seen, today, many researches focusing how the computing advances can interfere inside the personal relationships. If, in one hand, we have the benefits trom the endless possibilities of access and contact with "others worlds", in the other hand, we are facing our new behaviour over these "ot [...] hers worlds". In order to ilIustrate that idea, we have a clínica I report in which the patient, a young lady, twenty seven years oki, married for eight years, has been living for about one year a "virtual relationship", by internet. This process has been absorbing her completely. She feels very far trom her husband, since she is isolated in her parallel world, in which she has a new identity related to all levels. That new identity is entirely the opposite from her real life. The impossibility to feel accomplished either in her everyday lífe or in her virtual parallel universe broke out a severe pracess of depression. That clínic example leaded us to discuss the following aspects: (1) virtual experiences by internet and the parallel universes that was mentioned by Hugh Everett, a North American physicist; (2) the question of female ethics; (3) the group experiences that was mobilized by that patient.

Carla Beatriz de, Souza; Antonios lanes, Terzis.

1999-12-01

268

Comunidades de práctica: un modelo de intervención desde el aprendizaje colaborativo en entornos virtuales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo describe los resultados de investigación de un estudio sobre la conformación de una comunidad de práctica a través de e-learning social y aprendizaje colaborativo en entornos virtuales (CSCL. La muestra está formada por 20 mujeres gitanas adultas y residentes en Extremadura (España heterogéneas en edad, nivel formativo y actividad laboral. El estudio parte de la contextualización y posterior diseño, implementación y evaluación de una acción formativa de e-learning sobre igualdad de oportunidades y liderazgo social. Posteriormente, analiza el contenido de foros del curso, según las dimensiones del modelo «Comunidad de Indagación» que es una de las perspectivas teóricas más prometedoras sobre e-learning y enfoques constructivistas colaborativos y que ha sido desarrollada en cientos de estudios durante la última década. Y, por último, evalúa la experiencia formativa, utilizando la triangulación como procedimiento para el análisis de datos. Se destacan como resultados la validez del diseño y aplicación de la acción formativa; la conformación efectiva de la comunidad de práctica de mujeres gitanas en entornos virtuales de enseñanza-aprendizaje colaborativos; y los cambios significativos en las mujeres participantes que favorecen su promoción socio-cultural. Se aporta un nuevo modelo de intervención socioeducativa con TIC basado en CSCL, destinado a la mejora de la formación y a la promoción sociocultural de los grupos en situación de exclusión social.

María Rosa Fernández Sánchez

2014-01-01

269

Virtual Machine Logbook - Enabling virtualization for ATLAS  

Science.gov (United States)

ATLAS software has been developed mostly on CERN linux cluster lxplus or on similar facilities at the experiment Tier 1 centers. The fast rise of virtualization technology has the potential to change this model, turning every laptop or desktop into an ATLAS analysis platform. In the context of the CernVM project we are developing a suite of tools and CernVM plug-in extensions to promote the use of virtualization for ATLAS analysis and software development. The Virtual Machine Logbook (VML), in particular, is an application to organize work of physicists on multiple projects, logging their progress, and speeding up "context switches" from one project to another. An important feature of VML is the ability to share with a single "click" the status of a given project with other colleagues. VML builds upon the save and restore capabilities of mainstream virtualization software like VMware, and provides a technology-independent client interface to them. A lot of emphasis in the design and implementation has gone into optimizing the save and restore process to makepractical to store many VML entries on a typical laptop disk or to share a VML entry over the network. At the same time, taking advantage of CernVM's plugin capabilities, we are extending the CernVM platform to help increase the usability of ATLAS software. For example, we added the ability to start the ATLAS event display on any computer running CernVM simply by clicking a button in a web browser. We want to integrate seamlessly VML with CernVM unique file system design to distribute efficiently ATLAS software on every physicist computer. The CernVM File System (CVMFS) download files on-demand via HTTP, and cache it locally for future use. This reduces by one order of magnitude the download sizes, making practical for a developer to work with multiple software releases on a virtual machine.

Yao, Yushu; Calafiura, Paolo; Poffet, Julien; Cavalli, Andrea; Leggett, Charles; Frédéric, Bapst

2010-04-01

270

Virtual Machine Logbook - Enabling virtualization for ATLAS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ATLAS software has been developed mostly on CERN linux cluster lxplus or on similar facilities at the experiment Tier 1 centers. The fast rise of virtualization technology has the potential to change this model, turning every laptop or desktop into an ATLAS analysis platform. In the context of the CernVM project we are developing a suite of tools and CernVM plug-in extensions to promote the use of virtualization for ATLAS analysis and software development. The Virtual Machine Logbook (VML), in particular, is an application to organize work of physicists on multiple projects, logging their progress, and speeding up ''context switches'' from one project to another. An important feature of VML is the ability to share with a single 'click' the status of a given project with other colleagues. VML builds upon the save and restore capabilities of mainstream virtualization software like VMware, and provides a technology-independent client interface to them. A lot of emphasis in the design and implementation has gone into optimizing the save and restore process to makepractical to store many VML entries on a typical laptop disk or to share a VML entry over the network. At the same time, taking advantage of CernVM's plugin capabilities, we are extending the CernVM platform to help increase the usability of ATLAS software. For example, we added the ability to start the ATLAS event display on any computer running CernVM simply by clicking a button in a web browser. We want to int a button in a web browser. We want to integrate seamlessly VML with CernVM unique file system design to distribute efficiently ATLAS software on every physicist computer. The CernVM File System (CVMFS) download files on-demand via HTTP, and cache it locally for future use. This reduces by one order of magnitude the download sizes, making practical for a developer to work with multiple software releases on a virtual machine.

271

Virtual stag beetle  

Science.gov (United States)

3D image of a stage beetle (Family Lucanidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the ÃÂHelpÃÂ page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0002-11-30

272

75 FR 33760 - Information Collection; Virtual Incident Procurement (VIPR) System Existing Vendor Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

...System Existing Vendor User Survey. DATES...us with ``VIPR Vendor Survey Comments...php. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Larry Bowser...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Virtual...VIPR) Existing Vendor User Survey....

2010-06-15

273

ETACE Virtual Appliance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The intention behind the ETACE Virtual Appliance is to make every step related to the initialization, simulation and analysis of the Eurace@Unibi model as easy as possible. Thus, it is meant (i) to ensure the reproducibility of results, (ii) as a form of model documentation and communication, (iii) to heighten the credibility of the model. The Virtual Appliance is a stand-alone Linux-based virtual machine that provides a full suite of programmes for (large-scale) agent-based modelling and ...

Bo?hl, Gregor; Hoog, Sander; Gemkow, Simon; Harting, Philipp; Dawid, Herbert

2014-01-01

274

Development of Networked Virtual Experiment System Based on Virtual Campus  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

China’s higher education has been going through a period of rapid expansion in undergraduate population,and this means a much heavier demand on teaching resources such as laboratories, experiments, teaching staff,etc., which cannot possibly be made available all of a sudden.To deal with this situation, we found virtual reality (VR) technology very helpful. Virtual reality (VR) has found many applications in education; and the resources of virtual education such as virtual campus, virtual la...

Tian-tai Guo; Guo, Lin; Li, Dong-sheng

2009-01-01

275

Agency-communion and interest in prosocial behavior: social motives for assimilation and contrast explain sociocultural inconsistencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Identifying the "prosocial personality" is a classic project in personality psychology. However, personality traits have been elusive predictors of prosocial behavior, with personality-prosociality relations varying widely across sociocultural contexts. We propose the social motives perspective to account for such sociocultural inconsistencies. According to this perspective, a focal quality of agency (e.g., competence, independence, openness) is the motive to swim against the social tide-agentic social contrast. Conversely, a focal quality of communion (e.g., warmth, interdependence, agreeableness) is the motive to swim with the social tide-communal social assimilation. We report two cross-sectional studies. Study 1 (N?=?131,562) defined social context at the country level (11 European countries), whereas Study 2 (N?=?56,395) defined it at the country level (11 European countries) and the city level (296 cities within these countries). Communion predicted interest in prosocial behavior comparatively strongly in sociocultural contexts where such interest was common and comparatively weakly where such interest was uncommon. Agency predicted interest in prosocial behavior comparatively strongly in sociocultural contexts where such interest was uncommon and comparatively weakly where such interest was common. The results supported the social motives perspective. Also, the findings help to reestablish the importance of personality for understanding prosociality. PMID:24127868

Gebauer, Jochen E; Sedikides, Constantine; Lüdtke, Oliver; Neberich, Wiebke

2014-10-01

276

Political, Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Educational Challenges of Administering a Sino-US Joint Venture Campus in China  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study explored the political, economic, socio-cultural, and educational challenges of administering a Sino-U.S. joint-venture campus in the People's Republic of China. China American University (CAU) is an educational joint venture between China Investment Company (CIC) and American University (AU) in the U.S. that resulted in…

Ozturgut, Osman

2008-01-01

277

Commitment in Age-Gap Heterosexual Romantic Relationships: A Test of Evolutionary and Socio-Cultural Predictions  

Science.gov (United States)

Little research has addressed age-gap romantic relationships (romantic involvements characterized by substantial age differences between partners). Drawing on evolutionary and socio-cultural perspectives, the present study examined normative beliefs and commitment processes among heterosexual women involved in age-gap and age-concordant…

Lehmiller, Justin J.; Agnew, Christopher R.

2008-01-01

278

Cassie: A Gifted Musician. Socio-Cultural and Educational Perspectives Related to the Development of Musical Understanding in Gifted Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study focuses on the intrinsic value of musical understanding and how it is influenced by socio-cultural and educational factors shaping the development of a gifted adolescent. Using Gross's (1993) model of case studies of exceptionally gifted children, the student was identified for her innate abilities, and studied using the…

Tomlinson, Michelle M.

2010-01-01

279

The Importance of Socio-Cultural Context for Understanding Students' Meaning Making in the Study of Genetics  

Science.gov (United States)

In this rejoinder to Ann Kindfield and Grady Venville's comments on our article "Reconsidering conceptual change from a socio-cultural perspective: Analyzing students' meaning making in genetics in collaborative learning activities," we elaborate on some of the critical issues they raise. Their comments make apparent some of the crucial…

Furberg, Anniken; Arnseth, Hans Christian

2009-01-01

280

Learning to Research Environmental Problems from a Functional Socio-Cultural Constructivism Perspective: The Transdisciplinary Case Study Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the transdisciplinary case study (TCS) as a learning framework based on what we call functional socio-cultural constructivism and project-based learning (PBL). In doing so, the paper attempts to illustrate the applicability of TCS to learn competencies and skills necessary to research problems of…

Stauffacher, M.; Walter, A. I.; Lang, D. J.; Wiek, A.; Scholz, R. W.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

A multi-dimensional analysis of managers' power: Functional, socio-political, interpretive-discursive, and socio-cultural approaches  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Managers' power within organisations has been analysed by several approaches: Orthodox management and organisation studies ('functional approach'), Critical Management Studies ('socio-political approaches'), interpretive, discourse-oriented and constructivist concepts ('interpretive-discursive approaches'), and anthropological, socio-psychological and sociological approaches ('socio-cultural approaches'). In organisational reality functional, socio-political, interpretive-discursive, and soci...

Diefenbach, Thomas; By, Rune Todnem; Klarner, Patricia

2009-01-01

282

"Whistle for Willie," Lost Puppies, and Cartoon Dogs: The Sociocultural Dimensions of Young Children's Composing, or Toward Unmelting Pedagogical Pots.  

Science.gov (United States)

No greater challenge currently faces the schools than articulating what a literacy curriculum for sociocultural diversity might look like. And yet the literature on young school children's composing has dealt only peripherally with this issue. In this theoretical essay, it is argued that, even for young children, the composing of both oral and…

Dyson, Anne Haas

283

Understanding Changes in Chinese Students' Uses of Learning Strategies in China and Britain: A Socio-Cultural Re-Interpretation  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports a re-interpretation of the data from an inquiry exploring changes in 14 Chinese learners' uses of language learning strategies after they moved from mainland China to Britain. Using a socio-cultural theoretical framework, the analysis of the learners' experiential narratives lends tentative support to the postulation that the…

Gao, Xuesong

2006-01-01

284

Trouble on My Mind: Toward a Framework of Humanizing Critical Sociocultural Knowledge for Teaching and Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing from the work of philosophers Sylvia Wynter and Ian Hacking, in this conceptual article I argue why a humanizing critical approach to sociocultural knowledge is needed for teacher education, particularly in preparing teachers to work effectively with black students. In light of enduring concerns in teacher education with improving the…

Brown, Keffrelyn D.

2013-01-01

285

Sociocultural Analysis of Second Language Learner Beliefs: A Qualitative Case Study of Two Study-Abroad ESL Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

Framed in Vygotsky's sociocultural theory (SCT) of mind, this paper explores second language (L2) learning beliefs in study-abroad (SA) contexts. Previous research on learner beliefs has relied mostly on survey methods, while regarding belief as a static, internal representation of experience that is resistant to change. Due to the concern…

Yang, Jin-Suk; Kim, Tae-Young

2011-01-01

286

Development of Networked Virtual Experiment System Based on Virtual Campus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available China’s higher education has been going through a period of rapid expansion in undergraduate population,and this means a much heavier demand on teaching resources such as laboratories, experiments, teaching staff,etc., which cannot possibly be made available all of a sudden.To deal with this situation, we found virtual reality (VR technology very helpful. Virtual reality (VR has found many applications in education; and the resources of virtual education such as virtual campus, virtual laboratory etc. are used more and more widely, especially in the field of higher education. But so far virtual campus was mainly regarded as a means of image exhibition, and virtual laboratories were no more than 2D display of experimental processes and equipments. To make better use of these resources, this paper puts forward the concept of networked virtual experiment systems based on virtual campus by combining the virtual laboratory and virtual campus with the technique of LAN (Local area network, and establishes its theoretical model. Finally, a networked virtual experiment system based on virtual campus is developed using VRML and 3DSMAX. Networked virtual experiment system based on virtual campus has a promising future for various applications in higher education.

Tian-tai Guo

2009-10-01

287

Virtual Class Support at the Virtual Machine Level  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper describes how virtual classes can be supported in a virtual machine.  Main-stream virtual machines such as the Java Virtual Machine and the .NET platform dominate the world today, and many languages are being executed on these virtual machines even though their embodied design choices conflict with the design choices of the virtual machine.  For instance, there is a non-trivial mismatch between the main-stream virtual machines mentioned above and dynamically typed languages.  One language concept that creates an even greater mismatch is virtual classes, in particular because fully general support for virtual classes requires generation of new classes at run-time by mixin composition.  Languages like CaesarJ and ObjectTeams can express virtual classes restricted to the subset that does not require run-time generation of classes, because of the restrictions imposed by the Java Virtual Machine. We have chosen to support virtual classes by implementing a specialized virtual machine, and this paper describes how this virtual machine supports virtual classes with full generality.

Nielsen, Anders Bach; Ernst, Erik

2009-01-01

288

MIT Environmental Virtual Campus  

Science.gov (United States)

The MIT Environmental Virtual Campus is an interactive exploration of environmental protection and safety issues on campus. Users navigate different sectors of campus activities for useful information for meeting environmental regulations and ensuring that colleges are sustainable.

289

VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SMB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data is growing at an alarming rate. Storage administrators are struggling to handle a spiraling volume of documents, images, audio and video files and large emails. Virtualization is a general term that could be applied to: storage systems, databases and networks. In this article, I present an overview of server virtualization architecture. I also specify the goals and benefits of virtualization for a SMB. The article points out some issues about server virtualization: definition, implementing problems and security features. In case of major calamity, you need a disaster recovery plan. The article lists a series of differences and similar parts of DR planning and business continuity plan. I give some ideas that guide you to protect yourself against disaster, what to back up and how backups should work.

Adriana BARNOSCHI

2009-10-01

290

Virtual Organizations: An Overview  

Science.gov (United States)

The need to remain competitive in the open market forces companies to concentrate on their core competencies while searching for alliances when additional skills or resources are needed to fulfill business opportunities. The changing business situation of companies and customer needs have motivated researchers to introduce Virtual Organization (VO) idea. A Virtual Organization is always a form of partnership and managing partners and handling partnerships are crucial. Virtual organizations are defined as a temporary collection of enterprises that cooperate and share resources, knowledge, and competencies to better respond to business opportunities. This paper presents base concepts of virtual organizations including properties, management concepts, operational concepts, and main issues in collaboration such as security and authentication.

Nami, Mohammad Reza

291

The sociocultural appraisals, values, and emotions (SAVE) framework of prosociality: core processes from gene to meme.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study of prosocial behavior--altruism, cooperation, trust, and the related moral emotions--has matured enough to produce general scholarly consensus that prosociality is widespread, intuitive, and rooted deeply within our biological makeup. Several evolutionary frameworks model the conditions under which prosocial behavior is evolutionarily viable, yet no unifying treatment exists of the psychological decision-making processes that result in prosociality. Here, we provide such a perspective in the form of the sociocultural appraisals, values, and emotions (SAVE) framework of prosociality. We review evidence for the components of our framework at four levels of analysis: intrapsychic, dyadic, group, and cultural. Within these levels, we consider how phenomena such as altruistic punishment, prosocial contagion, self-other similarity, and numerous others give rise to prosocial behavior. We then extend our reasoning to chart the biological underpinnings of prosociality and apply our framework to understand the role of social class in prosociality. PMID:24405363

Keltner, Dacher; Kogan, Aleksandr; Piff, Paul K; Saturn, Sarina R

2014-01-01

292

SOCIOCULTURAL STAFF OF LEADERS OF CHON IN OREL REGION IN 1922  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this work is the complex sociocultural characteristics of the commanders of units of special approach on the territory of Orel province in 1922. The information about the age of commanders, their educational level, the extent of their military training, office and battle experience, family status is given. The author comes to the conclusion that men at the age between 25 and 30, family (as a rule, with primary education and military training, sufficient office and battle experience stood at the head of Orel ChON at the moment of its final organizational formation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-2-12

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2013-04-01

293

Sharing the Joke? ‘Britcom’ Remakes in the United States: A Historical and Socio-Cultural Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In an increasingly ‘glocalized’ world, the success of NBC’s still-running remake of the BBC’s The Office would seem to indicate the continuing vitality of ‘Britcom’ adaptations on American network television. Initiated by US producer and comedy writer Norman Lear in the early 1970s, such cross-cultural translation has nevertheless had a long history of hit-or-miss experiences over the decades. Following an analysis of how the early television developments of the situation comedy genre in both countries may have favoured the emergence of different types of sitcom humour, this article will introduce several case-studies of US ‘Britcom’ remakes so as to map out the socio-cultural specificities at work in the retooling process central to such exchanges from the British to the American television industry.

Amandine Ducray

2012-03-01

294

Socio-cultural influences on adherence to tuberculosis treatment in rural India.  

Science.gov (United States)

India has amongst the highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, with an estimated 2 million new cases each year. The greatest burden of disease is amongst low socio-economic groups, where poor adherence to treatment by directly observed therapy (DOT) is a major constraint to TB control. This study used qualitative in-depth interviews with TB patients and front-line health providers to identify sociocultural and gender influences on DOT adherence. The results highlight the mismatch between cultural norms and directly observed therapy, short-course (DOTS) treatment provision and the divide between providers' and patients' perspectives on treatment default. Improving the efficacy of DOT depends upon acknowledging and addressing underlying cultural influences, which are particularly evident amongst patients from culturally conservative scheduled tribes. PMID:25223868

Shiotani, Rubina; Hennink, Monique

2014-12-01

295

Perceptions of Psychopathology in Relation to Socio-cultural Changes Among Ladakhi Youth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It seems likely that an increasing number of young people in the isolated region of Ladakh are experiencing mental problems in relation to the process of acculturation. Ladakh, a Himalayan region situated in the northeast of India, has undergone rapid development. It has been influenced by the opening of the area for tourists in 1974 and from the massive presence of the Indian military. This work explores the discourses among intellectuals, practitioners and young people about psychopathology among the Ladakhi youth in relation to socio-cultural changes. Based on the discourse analysis and a review of relevant theoretical perspectives, it is argued that development is causing a greater diversity in the youth, and that the combination of greater pressure and less cultural support may be causing an increase in psychopathology.

Ozer, Simon

2012-01-01

296

Physician-Researchers' Experiences of the Consent Process in the Sociocultural Context of a Developing Country.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: International guidelines for medical research involving human subjects maintain the primacy of informed consent while recognizing cultural diversity. Methods: This article draws on empirical data obtained from interviews with physician-researchers in teaching hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan, to identify social and cultural factors that affect the consent process for participants in research. Results: This article presents variable findings with regards to communication, comprehension, and decision making. While some physicians consider that social factors such as lack of education, a patriarchal family system, and skepticism about research can make patients dependent on either the physician-researcher or the family, others believe that patients do make independent decisions. Conclusions: In light of the findings, the article ends with a recommendation for communication and decision making that is sensitive to the local sociocultural environment while at the same time meeting the ethical imperative of respect for persons. PMID:22816063

Malik, Aisha Y

2011-07-01

297

The wetlands of Magdalena medio Antioqueno from a physical and socio-cultural perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wetlands are ecosystems with environmental and ecological importance that require of a new methodological and legal focus that allows developing conservation policies in agreement with the natural and socio-cultural conditions. In the Magdalena Medio Antioqueno, CORANTIOQUIA region, were recognized 362 wetlands, divided in two main groups; in Puerto Nare and Puerto Berrio to the south prevails herbaceous wetlands without permanent surface water, locally known as Bajos. In Yondo the wetlands have permanent surface water. The environmental dynamic depends from the geomorphologic and hydrological conditions and are affected in a differential way by the human action. The region is the result of a long occupation process that begins in prehistoric times and had changed depending on the different historical moments. This complex social configuration has given origin to diverse perceptions and types of appropriation of the wetlands what explains the identified environmental circumstances

298

Sociocultural frameworks of conceptual change: implications for teaching and learning in museums  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a metalogue discussion about the two focus articles and the six associated review essays on the topic of conceptual change as it applies to research, and science teaching and learning in museum settings. Through the lenses of a sociocultural perspectives of learning we examine the applicability of the ideas presented in the forum for museums and museum educators. First we reflect on the role that emotions can play in concept development; second, we reflect on the role of language, talk, and gestures to concept development and conceptual change in the short-lived nature of experiences and conversations in museums; and third, we consider the nature of objects as representations of science content in museum settings.

Adams, Jennifer D.; Tran, Lynn U.; Gupta, Preeti; Creedon-O'Hurley, Helen

2008-07-01

299

Social physique anxiety and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance impact on orthorexia test in fitness participants.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman's orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration in a sample of Swedish participants in fitness center activities. A total of 251 participants (166 women and 85 men) completed the SPAS, the SATAQ, and a questionnaire focusing on exercise frequency and duration. The results indicated that the SATAQ subdomain internalization could itself explain the variation in BOT results. In women, the results indicated that exercise frequency, followed by SPAS score and the SATAQ subdomains internalization and awareness, could together explain the variation in BOT results. Fitness centers could make a point of emphasizing that some physical ideals are neither healthy nor realistic, thus strengthening member self-image and preventing social physique anxiety, eating disorders, and negative attitudes toward appearance. PMID:18067519

Eriksson, L; Baigi, A; Marklund, B; Lindgren, E C

2008-06-01

300

Role of Sociocultural Factors in Depression among Elderly of Twin Cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to examine the role of sociocultural factors on depression among elderly of twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan. 310 older adults participated in the present study. Through convenient sampling technique, face to face interview was carried out for data collection. Urdu translated Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form and demographic sheet were used to test hypotheses. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis. Results showed significant mean differences among gender, marital status, family system, and status of employment on depression. Financial crisis, feeling of dejection because of isolation, and trend of nuclear family system have been observed as strong predictors of depression in older adults. PMID:25309589

Javed, Saira

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Understanding sociocultural and psychological factors affecting transgender people of color in San Francisco.  

Science.gov (United States)

This ethnographic qualitative study explored the needs of transgender people of color, including biological transitioning issues, gender and group membership identity formation, HIV, and other health issues. The sample consisted of transgender youth and adults of color in San Francisco (N = 43). Data were collected from in-depth interviews with 20 youth and adults and focus groups with 23 individuals. The study focused on perspectives of racial and ethnic minorities from Asian/Pacific Islander, African American, and Latino backgrounds. The medical decision-making perspective was used to gain a deeper understanding of sociocultural and psychological factors affecting transgender individuals of color in San Francisco. The major themes that emerged were gender identity, group membership, transitioning and related issues, sex work, alcohol and drug use, mental health and health care, sense of community, HIV, resources, and other support. Key clinical considerations that health providers can use to improve care of transgender individuals of color are included. PMID:20416495

Bith-Melander, Pollie; Sheoran, Bhupendra; Sheth, Lina; Bermudez, Carlos; Drone, Jennifer; Wood, Woo; Schroeder, Kurt

2010-01-01

302

Online reflections about tinkering in early childhood: A socio-cultural analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Science education research predominantly shows that students improve their scientific understandings when they tinker (or pull apart tools and simple household machines. In this study, the qualitative data collected took the form of online journal entries by final year, female, primary teacher trainees, who reflected upon their early childhood experiences of ‘tinkering’. Data analysis, from a socio-cultural perspective, shows that many of these fledgling teachers of technology face similar issues found for young girls. Results of the study indicate that teaching technology is as much about winning hearts as educating minds. These personal reflections on very deep responses to technology must be an important part of preparing teachers to deal with young children’s learning and responses.

Beverley JANE

2006-06-01

303

Role of Sociocultural Factors in Depression among Elderly of Twin Cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to examine the role of sociocultural factors on depression among elderly of twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan. 310 older adults participated in the present study. Through convenient sampling technique, face to face interview was carried out for data collection. Urdu translated Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form and demographic sheet were used to test hypotheses. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis. Results showed significant mean differences among gender, marital status, family system, and status of employment on depression. Financial crisis, feeling of dejection because of isolation, and trend of nuclear family system have been observed as strong predictors of depression in older adults. PMID:25309589

Javed, Saira

2014-01-01

304

Identification with virtual teams  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual teams, that is groups of people striving toward a common goal, dispersed across many locations, and communicating with each other predominantly via information and communication technology have become increasingly common forms of organizing work. Globalization, the need to be near customers and the rapid development of technology have enabled and driven this development. The number of studies on virtual teams is increasing but many phenomena are still understudied, especially in real-...

Hakonen, Marko

2010-01-01

305

Adaptivenes in Virtual Teams  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Computer supported teams are capturing the attention of academics and practitioners as organisations increasingly put them into practice as virtual teams. The practical relevance of current research into computer supported teams could be increased if greater attention is paid to organisational challenges as they form the context within which virtual teamwork takes place. A model of organisational challenges mapped against processes of adaptation is developed to highlight principle factors aff...

Qureshi, S.; Vogel, D.

2000-01-01

306

VIRTUALIZATION IN CLOUD COMPUTING?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can ...

LAKSHAY MALHOTRA; DEVYANI AGARWAL; ARUNIMA JAISWAL?

2014-01-01

307

Toward Virtual Humans  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes the virtual humans developed as part of the Mission Rehearsal Exercise project, a virtual reality-based training system. This project is an ambitious exercise in integration, both in the sense of integrating technology with entertainment industry content, but also in that we have joined a number of component technologies that have not been integrated before. This integration has not only raised new research issues, but it has also suggested some new approaches to diffic...

Swartout, William R.; Gratch, Jonathan; Hill, Jr; Hovy, Eduard; Marsella, Stacy; Rickel, Jeff; Traum, David

2006-01-01

308

Virtual Telescopes in Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual Telescopes in Education is providing the services required to operate a virtual observatory comprising distributed telescopes, including an interactive, constraint-based scheduling service, data and resource archive, proposal preparation and review environment, and a VTIE Journal. A major goal of VTIE is to elicit from learners questions about the nature of celestial objects and the physical processes that give rise to the spectacular imagery that catches their imaginations. Generatio...

Hoban, Susan University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Desjardins, Marie University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Farrell, Nora University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Rathod, Priyang University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Sachs, Joel University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Sansare, Suryakant University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Yesha, Yelena University Of Maryland Baltimore County; Keating, John Department Of Computer Science; Busschots, Bart Department Of Computer Science; Means, Johanna Department Of Computer Science; Clark, Gilbert President; Mayo, Louuis Raytheon Itss; Smith, Willard Center Of Excellence In Information Systems

2006-01-01

309

On Virtual Economies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Several million people currently have accounts in massively multi-player online games, places in cyberspace that are effectively large-scale shared virtual reality environments. The population of these virtual worlds has grown rapidly since their inception in 1996; significantly, each world also seems to grow its own economy, with production, assets, and trade with Earth economies. This paper explores two questions about these developments. First, will these economies grow in importance? Seco...

Castronova, Edward

2002-01-01

310

Socio-cultural impacts of construction and regulation of the waterway of Oulujoki river  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of study was to clarify the socio-cultural impacts of the regulation and construction of Oulujoki river on the everyday life of people. Changes in work and livelihood, living and living satisfaction, and leisure time and recreation are considered as variables. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in the study. The principal study material is composed of answers to a questionnaire and of 109 thematic interviews on the topic. The hold of the study is phenomenological-hermeneutical, with the intention to interpret the matter from the viewpoint of the attitudes and requirements of the waterway users. The theoretical frame of reference was culture-ecological point of view and adaptive process. The emphasis of the study is on sociocultural adaptation. The attitude towards waterway construction and regulation was dependent on the background of the person interviewed. The attitude was considered e.g. by various interest groups and professional groups, such as farmers, inhabitants on the shore, recreation users, fishermen, municipal elected officials. Other important variables were age, family stage and sex. Big local differences in the attitudes could also be found. While prevailing values in society and peoples' modes of living are changing, also the attitude towards waterway and changes caused by waterway construction has changed in the region studied. The impacts on the sources of livelihood are minor for the moment, the impacts on living satisfaction and recreations are significant. While leisure time is increasing the recreation value of waterway increases, too. At the construction stage of the river, the economical and productional advantages took priority, and then no attention was paid to recreational use

311

Exploring socio-cultural factors that mediate, facilitate, & constrain the health and empowerment of refugee youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies on youth health and well-being are predominantly quantitative and expert-driven with less attention given to how youth understand what it means to be healthy themselves and the role of socio-cultural factors in shaping this. Knowledge on the perceptions and experiences of refugee youth is particularly lacking and notable given their unique stressors related to migratory, settlement and integration experiences. We contribute a better understanding of how refugee youth themselves define and contextualize health, with particular emphasis given to socio-cultural factors that enable or constrain health promotion efforts and individual health agency. This research was undertaken at a downtown drop-in centre in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada that provided settlement and integration services to newcomer youth. We employ a grounded theory approach and draw upon participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Twenty-six youth (age 18-25 years), representing 12 different countries of origin participated. The youth defined health very broadly touching upon many typical determinants of health (e.g. education, income, etc.). Yet factors of most importance (as demonstrated by the frequency and urgency in which they were discussed by youth) included a sense of belonging, positive self-identity, emotional well-being, and sense of agency or self-determination. We conceptualize these as "mediating" factors given the youth argued they enabled or constrained their ability to cope with adversities related to other health determinant categories. The youth also discussed what we interpret as "facilitators" that encourage mediating factors to manifest positively (e.g. informal, non-biomedical settings and programs that nurture trust, break down access barriers, and promote a sense of community amongst peers, mentors, and health professionals). When creating health promotion strategies for refugee youth (and perhaps youth more generally) it is important to understand the factors that may mediate the magnitude of effects from various risks/stressors, in addition to those which facilitate health agency. PMID:25036014

Edge, Sara; Newbold, K Bruce; McKeary, Marie

2014-09-01

312

Re-thinking reflection in supervision : A socio-cultural perspective on supervision in professional education  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper presents a socio-cultural perspective on supervision in professional education, which challenges the current reflective paradigm and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge. Reflection has moved from the margins to the mainstream in the field of supervision, especially as this is conceptualized and operationalized in professional education. In the 1980s, ideas about the importance of reflection in professional practice, and especially in professional education and learning, became prominent in the professional education and learning literature. The most frequently cited source has been Schön (1983), although many others have contributed to the Zeitgeist. Thus, from many different perspectives, researchers in the field of professional education and learning have suggested that professional practitioners and students could and should develop their work and skills by thinking critically about their actions. However, over the last twenty years, the ideas about reflective practice – what it means and how it is done – have moved away form their radical roots. The idea of reflective practice has been formalized by regulatory bodies as a way to develop the professionalism of both individual professional practitioners as students through continuing professional developmental processes. Consequently, reflection is often used as a `tool´ for personal and professional development, and practitioners and students are expected to document this, typically in some sort of written record or portfolio. Thus, reflection is often limited to assessment issues, and the original idea of reflection as a modus of critical praxis is reversed and turned into a tool for control and orthodoxy (Kilminster et al., 2010). This conceptual paper presents a critical, socio-cultural perspective on the current paradigm or dogma of reflective practice within supervision in professional education and learning. The purpose I to challenge the dogma and critically to analyze and move the debate on reflection in supervision in professional education and learning towards a recognition of context, power dynamics and ideological challenge.

Lystbæk, Christian Tang

313

Análisis de costes y perfil sociocultural del enfermo renal: impacto de la modalidad de tratamiento / Cost analysis and sociocultural profile of kidney patients: impact of the treatment method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: El análisis del coste de la enfermedad renal crónica basado en datos individuales, por componentes y modalidades terapéuticas no ha sido publicado en España. Objetivos: a) Estudiar los costes sanitarios de un año de tratamiento con hemodiálisis (HD), trasplante renal (TxR) de cadáver y [...] reno-páncreas (TxRP), y de la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada (ERCA) E4 y E5. b) Evaluar la eventual relación entre disparidad sociocultural, costes y modalidad de tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional de: 1) 81 pacientes con ERCA (53 E4 y 28 E5); 2) 162 con más de 3 meses en HD y 3) 173 con más de 6 meses Tx (140 TxR y 33 TxRP). Los costes se evaluaron en cinco categorías: 1) sesiones de HD, 2) consumo farmacéutico, 3) hospitalizaciones, 4) atención ambulatoria y 5) transporte. Se realizó una encuesta de parámetros sociodemográficos. Resultados: El impacto económico de la HD fue de 47 714 ± 18 360 € (media ± DS), el del Tx de 13 988 ± 9970 €, y el de la ERCA 9654 ± 9412 €. El coste de la HD fue el más elevado en todas las partidas económicas. Los costes fueron similares entre TxR y TxRP. En ERCA, a mayor deterioro renal, mayor coste (E4 7846 ± 8901 frente a E5 13 300 ± 9820, p Abstract in english Background: The cost analysis of chronic kidney disease based on individual data for treatment methods and components has not been published in Spain. Objectives: a) To study the health costs of a year of treatment with haemodialysis (HD), deceased donor renal transplantation (RTx), renal-pancreas t [...] ransplantation (RPTx), and S4 and S5 advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) b) Assess the potential relationship between sociocultural diversity, costs and treatment method. Methods: Observational study of: 1) 81 patients with ACKD (53 S4 and 28 S5) 2) 162 with more than 3 months on HD and 3) 173 with a Tx for more than 6 months (140 RTx and 33 RPTx). The costs were assessed in five categories: 1) HD sessions, 2) drug intake, 3) hospitalisation, 4) outpatient care and 5) transportation. We carried out a survey with socio-demographic parameters. Results: The financial impact of HD was €47,714±18,360 (mean±SD), that of Tx €13,988±9970, and that of ACKD €9654±9412. The cost of HD was the highest in all financial items. The costs were similar between RTx and RPTx. In ACKD, the greater the renal deterioration, the greater the cost is (S4 €7846±8901 versus S5 €13,300±9820, P

Víctor, Lorenzo-Sellares; M. Inmaculada, Pedrosa; Balbina, Santana-Expósito; Zoraida, García-González; Mónica, Barroso-Montesinos.

314

Adaptação sociocultural do short personal experiences questionnaire (SPEQ) no Brasil / Sociocultural adaptation of the short personal experiences questionnaire (SPEQ) in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: traduzir e adaptar culturalmente o Short Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ) para a língua portuguesa, no Brasil, em mulheres climatéricas. MÉTODOS: a versão original do questionário, em inglês, proveniente da Universidade de Melbourne (Austrália), inicialmente foi traduzida para a l [...] íngua portuguesa e retraduzida ao inglês. Procedeu-se, então, à adaptação sociocultural do vocabulário e da construção linguística para melhor compreensão. O questionário foi então aplicado para pré-teste em 50 mulheres, em etapas sucessivas, até que não houvesse mais dúvidas. A versão final do instrumento adaptado foi utilizada em estudo de base populacional, autorrespondido anonimamente por 378 mulheres pesquisadas, entre 40 e 65 anos e com 11 anos ou mais de escolaridade, nascidas no Brasil. Foi aplicada uma análise de confiabilidade (consistência interna, pelo alfa de Cronbach), uma análise de validade do construto (correlação de pares de itens que compõem o SPEQ e cada um destes com os quatro fatores obtidos e com o escore total), e uma análise de validade de critério (correlação entre os quatro fatores obtidos com o escore de classificação geral da vida sexual). RESULTADOS: cento e oitenta mulheres responderam a todas as perguntas do SPEQ e foram incluídas na análise. A consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach) para os nove itens do SPEQ situou-se entre 0,55 e 0,77 e o alfa geral foi 0,68. Na análise de validade do construto, a maioria dos coeficientes de correlação se mostrou significativo (valores p Abstract in english PURPOSE: to translate into Brazilian Portuguese and culturally adapt the Short Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ) to climacteric women. METHODS: the original English version from the University of Melbourne, Australia, was initially translated into Portuguese and back-translated into English. [...] A sociocultural adaptation of vocabulary and linguistic constructions was performed to facilitate comprehension. The questionnaire was then pretested in successive stages in 50 women, until no doubts remained. The final version of the adapted instrument was self-responded by 378 Brazilian-born women, between 40 to 65 years old, with 11 years or more of schooling in a population-based study. The reliability (internal consistency as measured by Cronbach's alpha), the construct validity (correlation coefficients between the items comprising the SPEQ and selected variables) and the criterion validity (correlation coefficient between sexual dysfunction score and overall score of sexual life classification) were analyzed. RESULTS: one hundred and eight women answered all the questions of the SPEQ and were included in the study. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) for all the nine SPEQ items ranged from 0.55 to 0.77 and the general alpha was 0.68. In the construct validity analysis, most of the correlation coefficients were significant (p

Ana Lúcia Ribeiro, Valadares; Aarão Mendes, Pinto-Neto; Maria Helena de, Sousa; Maria José Duarte, Osis.

2010-02-01

315

Lipstick Induced Contact Leucoderma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lipstick is a commonly used cosmetic. Its use may sometimes lead to contact dermatitis. Contact leucoderma to lipsticks however, is not common. We report a patient developing contact leucoderma to lipstick in association with contact dermatitis.

Gupta Lalit Kumar

2001-01-01

316

Lipstick Induced Contact Leucoderma  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Lipstick is a commonly used cosmetic. Its use may sometimes lead to contact dermatitis. Contact leucoderma to lipsticks however, is not common. We report a patient developing contact leucoderma to lipstick in association with contact dermatitis.

Gupta Lalit Kumar; Jain Suresh Kumar; Khare Ashok Kumar

2001-01-01

317

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Hazard: The Hidden Dangers of Buying Colored Contact Lenses Without a Prescription It started as an impulsive ... selling them in the United States. Colored Contact Lenses Colored Contacts Facts How Non-prescription Contacts Can ...

318

Virtual microscopy in virtual tumor banking.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many systems have already been designed and successfully used for sharing histology images over large distances, without transfer of the original glass slides. Rapid evolution was seen when digital images could be transferred over the Internet. Nowadays, sophisticated virtual microscope systems can be acquired, with the capability to quickly scan large batches of glass slides at high magnification and compress and store the large images on disc, which subsequently can be consulted through the...

Isabelle, M.; Teodorovic, I.; Oosterhuis, Jw; Riegman, Ph; Passioukov, A.; Lejeune, S.; Therasse, P.; Dinjens, Wn; Lam, Kh; Oomen, Mh; Spatz, A.; Ratcliffe, C.; Knox, K.; Mager, R.; Kerr, D.

2006-01-01

319

Virtual Machine in Automation Projects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual machine, as an engineering tool, has recently been introduced into automation projects in Tetra Pak Processing System AB. The goal of this paper is to examine how to better utilize virtual machine for the automation projects. This paper designs different project scenarios using virtual machine. It analyzes installability, performance and stability of virtual machine from the test results. Technical solutions concerning virtual machine are discussed such as the conversion with physical...

Xing, Xiaoyuan

2010-01-01

320

Sobre objetos y experiencias virtuales  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyses basic onto-epistemological properties of the virtual reality and suggests these theses. First, the virtual reality establishes a new nature; its essential feature is to be an organic world of emancipated techno-theories. Second, the virtual reality doesn’t substitutes the traditional book; it substitutes the world. Third, the experience of the world in the virtual reality excludes the natural world experience. Fourth, the ontology of virtual reality is build without an a...

Pacho, Julia?n

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

[Virtual microscopy: first applications].  

Science.gov (United States)

Only recently fast-paced developments in computer technology allowed for the digitization of complete histologic slides. The resulting virtual slides may be viewed via webbrowser by any number of pathologists or students independent of time and location. Usage of a virtual microscope simply requires a computer workstation with a fast internet connection, which opens this technology to a broad public. A virtual microscopy system consists of three components: acquisition, server and client. Such systems are under development by different commercial and academic bodies worldwide. We have developed a virtual microscope system called vMic (http://www.vmic.unibas.ch) which provides virtual slides of very high image quality. Several successfully held online slide seminars and a histology course for students in dentistry are freely accessible in the internet. With the commercial availability of ultra rapid and easy-to-use slide scanners and the fast improvements of technology virtual microscopy will offer many applications in teaching, research and diagnostics. Thanks to additional functionalities, real microscopes will most likely be replaced by computer workstations in a couple of years. PMID:16096757

Glatz-Krieger, K; Glatz, D; Mihatsch, M J

2006-11-01

322

Performance of redirected walking algorithms in a constrained virtual world.  

Science.gov (United States)

Redirected walking algorithms imperceptibly rotate a virtual scene about users of immersive virtual environment systems in order to guide them away from tracking area boundaries. Ideally, these distortions permit users to explore large unbounded virtual worlds while walking naturally within a physically limited space. Many potential virtual worlds are composed of corridors, passageways, or aisles. Assuming users are not expected to walk through walls or other objects within the virtual world, these constrained worlds limit the directions of travel and as well as the number of opportunities to change direction. The resulting differences in user movement characteristics within the physical world have an impact on redirected walking algorithm performance. This work presents a comparison of generalized RDW algorithm performance within a constrained virtual world. In contrast to previous studies involving unconstrained virtual worlds, experimental results indicate that the steer-to-orbit keeps users in a smaller area than the steer-to-center algorithm. Moreover, in comparison to steer-to-center, steer-to-orbit is shown to reduce potential wall contacts by over 29%. PMID:24650985

Hodgson, Eric; Bachmann, Eric; Thrash, Tyler

2014-04-01

323

"Child Divorce": A Break from Parental Responsibilities and Rights Due to the Traditional Socio-Cultural Practices and Beliefs of the Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a recent ground-breaking case the South African courts were for the first time requested to use their discretion to interfere in the parent-child relationship due to the traditional socio-cultural beliefs of the parents. In what has been described as "every parent's nightmare; the fancy of many teenagers", a 16 year-old schoolgirl from Milerton in the Western Cape asked to be "freed" from her parents to live semi-independently from them because of her unhappiness with the conservative manner in which her parents treated her. After considering the matter the judge assigned to the case granted her request to live semi-independently with a school friend and her family (called by the judge the host family until she reaches the age of 18 (her majority. Her parents were accorded permission to have limited contact with her. This case represents an example of the difficulties involved when balancing the rights of a teenager against those of the parents in matters of socio-cultural practice and belief. In a multi-cultural society such as South Africa the case raises numerous serious questions for other families. For instance, what standards will a court use to determine if parents are too conservative in bringing up their children and what factors will be taken into account? How much freedom and autonomy should children be given? How will courts prevent children from misusing the system just to get what their friends have, and - the ultimate question - are the rights of children superior to the traditional rights of parents in matters of socio-cultural practice, with specific reference to their upbringing? In this context it is the aim of this contribution to focus primarily on the questions asked above. Possible solutions for striking a balance between the rights of children and their parents are explored. The submission is made that the best interests principle is still the most important factor to be taken into account when balancing or weighing competing rights and interests concerning children. The principle of the best interests of the child, the founding principle of children's rights, however, is anchored in the family, and any break between the two should be carefully considered. It is concluded that in an attempt to resolve disputes between parents and their children the relevant provisions of the Constitution and the Children's Act must be considered and must be balanced and tested in relation to each other for constitutional consistency and compliance. It is also submitted that caution should be taken by the legislative framework not to encourage children to break the parent-child relationship on a mere whim, as an overemphasis of children's rights might result in the dilution of the sense of the value of the family in society.

M Bekink

2012-03-01

324

Comprehensive report of virtual instrumentation technique  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Relationship between the virtual instrumentation and information technique, combination and feature of virtual instrumentation, VXI bus system and virtual instrumentation software development tools are described briefly

325

Inverse Dynamic Hair Modeling with Frictional Contact  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the latest years, considerable progress has been achieved for accurately acquiring the geometry of human hair, thus largely improving the realism of virtual characters. In parallel, rich physics-based simulators have been successfully designed to capture the intricate dynamics of hair due to contact and friction. However, at the moment there exists no consistent pipeline for converting a given hair geometry into a realistic physics-based hair model. Current approaches simply initialize the...

Derouet-jourdan, Alexandre; Bertails-descoubes, Florence; Daviet, Gilles; Thollot, Joe?lle

2013-01-01

326

Virtual Transfer Factors  

CERN Document Server

The Langlands-Shelstad transfer factor is a function defined on some reductive groups over a p-adic field. Near the origin of the group, it may be viewed as a function on the Lie algebra. For classical groups, its values have the form q^c s, where s is -1, 0, or 1, q is the cardinality of the residue field, and c is a rational number. The function s partitions the Lie algebra into three subsets. This article shows that this partition into three subsets is independent of the p-adic field in the following sense. We define three universal objects (virtual sets in the sense of Quine) such that for any p-adic field F of sufficiently large residue characteristic, the F-points of these three virtual sets form the partition. The theory of arithmetic motivic integration associates a virtual Chow motive with each of the three virtual sets. The construction in this article achieves the first step in a long program to determine the (still conjectural) virtual Chow motives that control the behavior of orbital integrals.

Gordon, J; Gordon, Julia; Hales, Thomas C.

2002-01-01

327

EDITORIAL: Close contact Close contact  

Science.gov (United States)

The development of scanning probe techniques, such as scanning tunnelling microscopy [1], has often been touted as the catalyst for the surge in activity and progress in nanoscale science and technology. Images of nanoscale structural detail have served as an invaluable investigative resource and continue to fascinate with the fantastical reality of an intricate nether world existing all around us, but hidden from view of the naked eye by a disparity in scale. As is so often the case, the invention of the scanning tunnelling microscope heralded far more than just a useful new apparatus, it demonstrated the scope for exploiting the subtleties of electronic contact. The shrinking of electronic devices has been a driving force for research into molecular electronics, in which an understanding of the nature of electronic contact at junctions is crucial. In response, the number of experimental techniques in molecular electronics has increased rapidly in recent years. Scanning tunnelling microscopes have been used to study electron transfer through molecular films on a conducting substrate, and the need to monitor the contact force of scanning tunnelling electrodes led to the use of atomic force microscopy probes coated in a conducting layer as studied by Cui and colleagues in Arizona [2]. In this issue a collaboration of researchers at Delft University and Leiden University in the Netherlands report a new device architecture for the independent mechanical and electrostatic tuning of nanoscale charge transport, which will enable thorough studies of molecular transport in the future [3]. Scanning probes can also be used to pattern surfaces, such as through spatially-localized Suzuki and Heck reactions in chemical scanning probe lithography. Mechanistic aspects of spatially confined Suzuki and Heck chemistry are also reported in this issue by researchers in Oxford [4]. All these developments in molecular electronics fabrication and characterization provide alternative means to produce nanoscale device elements, such as carbon nanotube transistors [5] and high-density memory crossbar circuits [6]. Recently, the use of scanning tunnelling microscopes has broached a new field of research, which is currently attracting enormous interest—single molecule detection. In issue 25 of Nanotechnology researchers in Houston reported unprecedented sensitivities using localized surface plasmon resonance shifts of gold bipyramids to detect concentrations of substances down to the single molecule level [7]. In issue 26 a collaboration of researchers from the US and Czech Republic describe a different approach, namely tunnelling recognition. In their topical review they describe hydrogen-bond mediated tunnelling and the associated experimental methods that facilitate the detection of single molecules in a tunnel junction using chemically functionalized electrodes [8]. The nanoworld depicted by scanning probe microgaphs over 20 years ago may have looked as extraterrestrial as any science fiction generated alien terrain, but though study and analysis these nano-landscapes have become significantly less alien territory. The work so far to unveil the intricacies of electronic contact has been a story of progress in investigating this new territory and manipulating the mechanisms that govern it to formulate new devices and delve deeper into phenomena at the nanoscale. References [1] Binning G, Rohrer H, Gerber Ch and Weibel E 1982 Phys. Rev. Lett. 49 57-61 [2] X D Cui, X Zarate, J Tomfohr, O F Sankey, A Primak, A L Moore, T A Moore, D Gust, G~Harris and S M Lindsay 2002 Nanotechnology 13 5-14 [3] Martin C A, van Ruitenbeek J M and van der Zant S J H 2010 Nanotechnology 21 265201 [4] Davis J J and Hanyu Y 2010 Nanotechnology 21 265302 [5] Tans S J, Verschueren A R M and Dekker C 1998 Nature 393 49-52 [6] Chen Y, Jung G-Y, Ohlberg D A A, Li X, Stewart D R, Jeppesen J O, Nielsen K A, Stoddart J F and Williams R S 2003 Nanotechnology 14 462-8 [7] Mayer K M, Hao F, Lee S, Nordlander P and Hafner J H 2010 Nanotechnology 21 255503 [8] Lindsay S, He J, Sank

Demming, Anna

2010-07-01

328

Los esquemas de certificacion de playas turisticas en America Latina: Evaluación del componente socio-cultural y el nivel participativo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las playas turísticas son recursos costeros de alta importancia ambiental y económica. Los esquemas de certificación de playas turísticas (ECP) han sido creados para proteger estos recursos, a su vez promoviendo alto nivel de calidad turística. No obstante, las playas en América Latina muchas veces [...] son la fuente principal de ingresos de las comunidades costeras, que por el derecho de uso del bien público deben ser considerados en la gestión. Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de evaluar el componente socio-cultural y el nivel de participación en los ECP Latinoamericanos en dos niveles de análisis. Primero, a través de los objetivos socio-culturales y de participación del Manejo Integrado Costero (MIC), se definieron los niveles de participación e inclusión de los aspectos sociales de los nueve ECP en América Latina. Segundo, bajo el enfoque de las políticas públicas se analizaron los tipos de participación presentes en cada ECP. En resultado, los ECP Latinoamericanos se caracterizan por un fuerte enfoque arriba-abajo (top-down). Los ECP son poco participativos, abarcando principalmente las cuestiones ambientales y de calidad turística. Las debilidades en el tema de aspectos socio-culturales y de participación son evidentes, lo que pone en cuestión la efectividad de los ECP como una herramienta para la gestión sostenible. Abstract in english Evaluation of the Socio-Cultural Component and Participation Level in Latin American Tourist Beach Certification Schemes. The tourism beaches are coastal resources of great environmental and economic importance. The beach tourism certification schemes have been created to protect those resources, at [...] the same time promoting high level of tourism quality. However, the Latin American beaches are often the principal source of income for coastal communities that for the right to use the public mean should be considered in the management. This work has an objective to evaluate the socio-cultural component and level of community participation in Latin American beach certifications through two level analyses. First, through socio-cultural and participative objectives of Integrated Coastal Management, the levels of participation and inclusion of socio-cultural aspects were defined in the nine beach certifications. Second, under the approach of public policies, the types of participation in each certification scheme were analyzed. In conclusion, the Latin American beach certification schemes are characterized by strong top-down approach. The certifications are little participative, focusing mainly on environmental and tourism quality issues. The weaknesses in the subject of socio-cultural aspects and community participation are evident, which puts in question the effectiveness of beach certifications as a tool for sustainable management.

Seweryn, Zielinski; Marlenny, Díaz Cano.

2014-01-01

329

Servicios virtuales de información / Virtual Information Services  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La elevada demanda de información y la necesidad de socializar el conocimiento que se genera en la Universidad del Zulia, fundamentan el objetivo del presente estudio, donde las exigencias para cubrir de forma oportuna los requerimientos de una sociedad en constante transformación, exige de servicio [...] s competitivos enmarcados en procesos interactivos, accesibles y efectivos; mediante el uso de las tecnologías de información y comunicación (TIC). En la investigación, se consideró el análisis de fuentes documentales; así como, el tratamiento estadístico de datos compilados a través de encuestas dirigidas a los usuarios de los servicios de información adscritos al Sistema de Archivo e Información (SAILUZ) y a los Servicios Bibliotecarios y de Información (SERBILUZ) con el fin de conocer el grado de familiaridad que ellos tienen con el uso de TICs. Los resultados, demuestran que los servicios de información virtuales son soportes estratégicos para la proyección de la información académica administrativa universitaria. Se concluye, que las fortalezas y estrategias orientadas a los desarrollos de sistemas de información, sitios web y el fortalecimiento de las redes de información universitarias se constituyen en los componentes de soporte para la consolidación y eficiencia de los servicios virtuales. Abstract in english The high information demand and the need to socialize knowledge that is generated at Universidad del Zulia, sustain the goal of this article, where the exigencies to cover the requirements of a society in constant transformation, demands competitive services framed in interactive, accessible and eff [...] ective processes, through the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). In this research, we considered the analysis of documentary sources, as well as the statistical treatment of data compiled through surveys directed to the users of information services ascribed to the System of Archives and Information (SAILUZ) and Library and Information Services (SERBILUZ), with the purpose of knowing the degree of familiarity that they have with the use of ICTs. The results prove that the virtual information services are strategic supports for the projection of academic university academic administrative information. As a conclusion, we state that the strengths and strategies orientated towards the development of information systems, web sites and the strengthening of information networks are constituted in support components for the consolidation and efficiency of virtual services.

Ana Judith, Paredes Ch; Edixson, Caldera M.

2006-04-01

330

First Indico Virtual Event  

CERN Document Server

The first Indico virtual event will take place on February 4th 15:00 and will focus on two main topics The release of Indico v1.2 The migration of the OO Indico backend database (ZODB) to a more standard DBMS It will be fully virtual using the CERN Vidyo service and will foster discussions between developers and administrators of Indico servers worldwide. Connections to the virtual room will be open, but attendees are encouraged to register to the event, in order to be informed of any changes in the organisation if any. If you would like to add a topic of discussion or propose yourself a contribution, please let us know at indico-team@cern.ch. Connection to Vidyo Vidyo connection details are available here CERN Vidyo service documentation can be found here First-time users are encouraged to try the service before connecting to the real event

CERN. Geneva

2014-01-01

331

ATLAS Virtual Visits  

CERN Document Server

ATLAS Virtual Visits is a project initiated in 2011 for the Education & Outreach program of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN. Its goal is to promote public appreciation of the LHC physics program and particle physics, in general, through direct dialogue between ATLAS physicists and remote audiences. A Virtual Visit is an IP-based videoconference, coupled with a public webcast and video recording, between ATLAS physicists and remote locations around the world, that typically include high school or university classrooms, Masterclasses, science fairs, or other special events, usually hosted by collaboration members. Over the past two years, more than 10,000 people, from all of the world’s continents, have actively participated in ATLAS Virtual Visits, with many more enjoying the experience from the publicly available webcasts and recordings. We present an overview of our experience and discuss potential development for the future.

Goldfarb, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01

332

Virtual-World Naturalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sometimes a player will stray from the path described by a game, moving into new spaces, developing new possible modes of interaction, and often discovering the rougher edges of the game world, where physics models break down, textures become incongruous, and the pieces don’t quite fit together. Gameplay that seeks out these spaces and these phenomena, that searches for such clues to the underlying construction of the virtual environment, is a kind of virtual-world naturalism, at once a return to an investigative urge that has been subsumed to the exhaustive mapping and description of the real world and a form of resistance to the very idea of pre-defined paths of action, of externally imposed limits, in virtual worlds as well as in our own.

Daniel Reynolds

2010-07-01

333

Attitudinal Dispositions of Students toward the English Language: Sociolinguistic and Sociocultural Considerations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem Statement: The status, value, and importance of a language is often measured by the attitudes toward that language. Learning a second or foreign language and attaining proficiency in it is closely related to the attitudes of learners toward the language. A few studies have investigated language attitudes of Turkish students toward the English language in Turkey. However, the same issue has not been explored among Turkish students learning and using the English language in a country where English is spoken as the first language.Purpose: This exploratory study investigated the attitudes of Turkish students toward learning and using English language as they lived and pursued their university degrees in a northeastern city in the United States. The study examined students’ attitudinal dispositions toward English based on sociolinguistic and sociocultural considerations.Methods: The study included 8 student participants (4 male and 4 female who were born in Turkey and spoke Turkish as their native language. They were all enrolled in a state university studying different programs in Engineering Sciences and Social Sciences. Data were collected conducting in-depth interviews with students over a two-month period. Participants were interviewed twice individually, and 16 interviews were conducted in total. Each interview took 50 to 60 minutes and was transcribed by the researcher. Data analysis included (1 intensive (rereadings of interview transcripts and identifying attitudinal themes and patterns in the data through emergent coding; and (2 making qualitative connections among themes and patterns through identifying their consistency by applying axial coding. Coded dataset was then descriptively interpreted in its entirety.Findings: Participants displayed mostly positive dispositions toward learning and using the English language; however, their attitudinal patterns varied with regards to sociolinguistic and sociocultural considerations. While they described English as a beautiful language, their perceptions about the beauty of the language associated with different interpretations regarding linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects of English, such as euphonic sound system and lexical richness, and English as the language of global connection in different discourses (i.e., academia, media, and corporate world. On the other hand, participants viewed English as a threat to cultural and linguistic identities at the individual and societal dimensions. Devaluing the native language against English and the recent phenomenon of lexical penetration of English words into the Turkish language engendered participants’ patriotic feelings about their native language and surfaced their nationalistic ties with their cultural and linguistic identities. Lastly, participants attached a variety of instrumental and survival values to the English language. They felt restricted expressing their feelings in English when they engaged in affective conversational discourses with native speakers. These attitudes, as well as the patterns they demonstrated in enacting such attitudes differed across genders significantly.Conclusions and Recommendations: Different than a few studies that investigated the topic with English language learners in Turkey, the present study presents new insights by exploring the issue from the perspective of Turkish students as they learned and used the English language in the United States. Attitudinal studies can potentially shed light on the ways in which perceptions attached a language may impact learners’ willingness to learn and develop proficiency in that language, and reveal their critical stances toward that language at sociolinguistic and sociocultural dimensions.

Ersoy Erdemir

2013-04-01

334

Wheel/rail contact model for rail vehicle dynamics  

Science.gov (United States)

An advanced method using progressive concept of correspondence is applied to create new wheel/rail model based on the virtual penetration theory. The geometry and mechanism of contact are solved simultaneously because of the independency in a defined correspondence. This model takes the penetrated profiles of wheel and rail and also associated creeps as its inputs, and produces driving contact forces as its outputs. The advantage of model is that there is no need to pre-tabulate rigid contact situation. This method allows calculating flexible, non-elliptical, multiple contact patches during integration of the model.

Jalili, Mohammad Mahdi; Salehi, Hassan

2011-11-01

335

Virtual water: Virtuous impact? : the unsteady state of virtual water  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual water,” water needed for crop production, is now being mainstreamed in the water policy world. Relying on virtual water in the form of food imports is increasingly recommended as good policy for water-scarce areas. Virtual water globalizes discussions on water scarcity, ecological sustainability, food security and consumption. Presently the concept is creating much noise in the water and food policy world, which contributes to its politicization. We will argue that the virtual wa...

Roth, D.; Warner, J. F.

2008-01-01

336

Intraoperative virtual brain counseling  

Science.gov (United States)

Our objective is to offer online real-tim e intelligent guidance to the neurosurgeon. Different from traditional image-guidance technologies that offer intra-operative visualization of medical images or atlas images, virtual brain counseling goes one step further. It can distinguish related brain structures and provide information about them intra-operatively. Virtual brain counseling is the foundation for surgical planing optimization and on-line surgical reference. It can provide a warning system that alerts the neurosurgeon if the chosen trajectory will pass through eloquent brain areas. In order to fulfill this objective, tracking techniques are involved for intra- operativity. Most importantly, a 3D virtual brian environment, different from traditional 3D digitized atlases, is an object-oriented model of the brain that stores information about different brain structures together with their elated information. An object-oriented hierarchical hyper-voxel space (HHVS) is introduced to integrate anatomical and functional structures. Spatial queries based on position of interest, line segment of interest, and volume of interest are introduced in this paper. The virtual brain environment is integrated with existing surgical pre-planning and intra-operative tracking systems to provide information for planning optimization and on-line surgical guidance. The neurosurgeon is alerted automatically if the planned treatment affects any critical structures. Architectures such as HHVS and algorithms, such as spatial querying, normalizing, and warping are presented in the paper. A prototype has shown that the virtual brain is intuitive in its hierarchical 3D appearance. It also showed that HHVS, as the key structure for virtual brain counseling, efficiently integrates multi-scale brain structures based on their spatial relationships.This is a promising development for optimization of treatment plans and online surgical intelligent guidance.

Jiang, Zhaowei; Grosky, William I.; Zamorano, Lucia J.; Muzik, Otto; Diaz, Fernando

1997-06-01

337

Virtual reality in radiology: virtual intervention  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracranial aneurysms are the primary cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Morbidity and mortality remain high even with current endovascular intervention techniques. It is presently impossible to identify which aneurysms will grow and rupture, however hemodynamics are thought to play an important role in aneurysm development. With this in mind, we have simulated blood flow in laboratory animals using three dimensional computational fluid dynamics software. The data output from these simulations is three dimensional, complex and transient. Visualization of 3D flow structures with standard 2D display is cumbersome, and may be better performed using a virtual reality system. We are developing a VR-based system for visualization of the computed blood flow and stress fields. This paper presents the progress to date and future plans for our clinical VR-based intervention simulator. The ultimate goal is to develop a software system that will be able to accurately model an aneurysm detected on clinical angiography, visualize this model in virtual reality, predict its future behavior, and give insight into the type of treatment necessary. An associated database will give historical and outcome information on prior aneurysms (including dynamic, structural, and categorical data) that will be matched to any current case, and assist in treatment planning (e.g., natural history vs. treatment risk, surgical vs. endovascular treatment risks, cure prediction, complication rates).

Harreld, Michael R.; Valentino, Daniel J.; Duckwiler, Gary R.; Lufkin, Robert B.; Karplus, Walter J.

1995-04-01

338

Applied virtual reality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To reduce plant down time during irradiated fuel cell dismantling at Torness Power Station, a new visualisation technique has been used for the manipulator. Complex computer graphics packages were used to provide a ''Virtual Reality'' environment which allowed the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell to be simulated. Significant cost savings have been achieved due to reductions in lost output. The virtual reality environment is at present being extended to the design and deployment of a new manipulator for in-vessel inspection of the boiler. (UK)

339

VIRTUALIZATION IN CLOUD COMPUTING?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can be used on multiple machines at the same time.

LAKSHAY MALHOTRA

2014-09-01

340

Virtual-Geology.Info  

Science.gov (United States)

At virtual-geology.info, Roger Suthren, a professor at Oxford Brookes University, offers educational materials on geologic phenomena throughout the world. Users can take virtual field trips to study the geology of Scotland, Alaska, and France. In the Regional Geology link, visitors can view wonderful pictures of the volcanoes of Germany, Italy, France, and Greece. Educators can find images of sediments and sedimentary rocks which can be used in a variety of classroom exercises. The website supplies descriptions and additional educational links about sedimentology and environmental geology.

 
 
 
 
341

The Virtual Future  

CERN Document Server

The newest communication technologies are profoundly changing the world's politics, economies, and cultures, but the specific implications of online gameworlds remain mysterious. The Virtual Future employs theories and methods from social science to explore nine very different virtual futures: The Matrix Online, Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, Star Trek Online, EVE Online, Star Wars Galaxies, World of Warcraft: Burning Crusade, and The Chronicles of Riddick. Each presents a different picture of how technology and society could evolve in coming centuries, but one theme runs thro

Bainbridge, William Sims

2011-01-01

342

Astrophysical Virtual Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

At this website, the European Commission and six European organizations discuss the creation of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory Project (AVO) for European astronomy. Visitors can discover the function of a Virtual Observatory (VO) as "an international astronomical community-based initiative" aimed at allowing "global electronic access to the available astronomical data archives of space and ground-based observatories." Users can learn about the current problems associated with combining astronomical data collected all over the world and how a VO can streamline this data. The website supplies numerous images illustrating galactic scenarios, AVO prototypes, and AVO goals.

343

Animación sociocultural, desarrollo comunitario versus educación para el desarrollo: una experiencia integradora en educación superior / Socio-cultural animation and community development vs. education for development: an innovative experience in higher education / Animação sociocultural, desenvolvimento comunitário e educação para o desenvolvimento: uma experiência inovadora em educação superior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O novo Espaço Europeu de Ensino Superior (EEES) supôs uma adaptação nos métodos de ensino-aprendizagem, passando de um modelo educativo baseado no ensino para um modelo baseado na aprendizagem. Desse jeito, o professorado fica em segundo plano e o papel principal recai nos. Este trabalho está focado [...] numa experiência integradora, e ao mesmo tempo inovadora, nesta faculdade; trata-se de vincular na aula três disciplinas afins: a animação sociocultural, o desenvolvimento comunitário e a educação para o desenvolvimento. Tudo enquadrado numa metodologia participativa desenvolvendo a competência de trabalho em equipe e outorgando assim um papel protagonista ao estudante. Esta experiência é desenvolvida na matéria "Estratégias educativas para animação sociocultural e desenvolvimento comunitário", no segundo ano do grau em Educação social no curso acadêmico 2011/2012 na Universidade Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España. Abstract in spanish El nuevo Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES) ha supuesto una adaptación en los métodos de enseñanza-aprendizaje, pasando de un modelo educativo basado en la enseñanza a un modelo basado en el aprendizaje. Así, el profesorado pasa a un segundo plano y el rol principal recae en el alumnado. E [...] l presente artículo se centra en una experiencia integradora, y a la vez novedosa, en nuestra facultad; se trata de vincular en clase tres disciplinas afines: la animación sociocultural, el desarrollo comunitario y la educación para el desarrollo. Esta vinculación se realiza por medio de una metodología participativa que desarrolla la competencia de trabajo en equipo y otorga un papel protagonista al estudiante. La experiencia se desarrolla en la asignatura "Estrategias educativas para la animación sociocultural y el desarrollo comunitario", en el segundo del grado de Educación social, curso académico 2011/2012, en la Universidad Pablo de Olavide, en Sevilla, España. Abstract in english The new European Space of Higher Education (ESHE) has implied an adaptation in the methods of the teaching and learning process, passing from an educational model based on teaching to a model based on learning. Thus, faculty moves to the background and the main role falls on the student body. This a [...] rticle is centered on a conciliatory experience (also novel in our faculty) of linking three related disciplines in the classroom: sociocultural animation, community development and education for development. All of this is framed in a participative methodology, developing the competency of teamwork and thus giving students a featuring role. This experience is developed in the course "Educational strategies for sociocultural animation adn community development" in the second term of the degree in the Social Education in the 2011/2012 academic course in the Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España.

Itahisa, Pérez-Pérez.

344

Effects of Socio-Cultural Realities on the Nigerian Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs: Case of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Lagos State  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Socio-cultural realities are importance components in the Nigerian business environment. There is a shortage ofliterature and studies that linked socio-cultural realities to business development and performance.Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs constitutes over 70 per cent of the Nigerian businesses and characteristicallyinformal. The objectives of this paper are in two-folds, namely (i identify socio-cultural realities in the SMEbusiness environment in Nigeria and; (ii examine the impact of these factors (in i on the development of SMEs.Socio-cultural realities were measured from three major factors, namely attitude; religion and values: each ofthis factor were further categorised into several level of constructs. Responses from ten (10 SMEowners/representatives in the five (5 major districts of Lagos state identified the socio-cultural realities as keyfactors affecting their businesses. A further research is recommended to further establish whether these resultsreflect the general condition in other states of Nigeria.

Felicia O. Johnson

2013-12-01

345

The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws). We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam), how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food...

Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa; Clay Hutama Basera

2012-01-01

346

Socio-cultural contexts affecting the export of education: the case of Finnish primary schools and the United Arab Emirates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Finnish education system is known as one of the best performing systems in the world. This has raised a significant international interest, making the export of the Finnish know-how in education a good business opportunity. This thesis considers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a target market for the export of Finnish primary education and analyzes the business environment particularly from socio-cultural aspects to shed more light on what to consider ahead before venturing in that area...

Hadid, Rima

2013-01-01

347

The influence of the border position of the Pskov region on the socio-cultural values of the population  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article presents the results of a sociological research on national and supranational (civilizational) identity of the Pskov region population conducted in 1999—2010. The Pskov region is the only European region of Russia that shares borders with three states, two of which are members of the EU. The author defines the areas of the neighbouring countries' sociocultural influence on the lives of the border territory population. The article also describes the existing stereotypes about Ru...

Manakov A.

2010-01-01

348

Virtual Teams: a Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the competitive market , virtual teams represent a growing response to the need for fasting time-to- market, low-cost and rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers . Nowadays, companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual teams growing prevalence, relatively little is known...

Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari

2009-01-01

349

Corporate Training in Virtual Worlds  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents virtual training worlds that are relatively low-cost distributed collaborative learning environments suitable for corporate training. A virtual training world allows a facilitator, experts and trainees communicating and acting in the virtual environment for practicing skills during collaborative problem solving. Using these environments is beneficial to both trainees and corporations. Two system prototypes – the sales training and the leadership training virtual worlds – are described. The leadership training course design is discussed in details.

Charles Nebolsky

2004-12-01

350

Socio-cultural characteristics and policies vis-à-vis seismic risk reduction throught post-quake rural reconstruction : a case study of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis is aimed at exploring the relation of socio-cultural characteristics and policies with post-quake reconstruction of rural areas of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. The primary concern of the study is limited to examine the traditional architectural practice ; dhajji-dewari and social composition of the community during and after reconstruction. It is analyzed that how the socio-cultural aspects of rural communities are affected by the policies, how policies are affected by the soci...

Abidi, Syeda Raaeha Tuz Zahra

2013-01-01

351

Validity of Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire (SATAQ-3 using factor analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: The present research aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3. Methods: The sample of this study cross-sectional was 250 highschool students (173 girls and 77 boys in Abarkouh, who were selected through cluster random sampling, responded to Persian version of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance questionnaire-3. The reliability coefficients of the SATAQ-3 were calculated using internal consistency and spilt-half methods, which were 0.77 and 0.55 respectively. The construct validity of the inventory was investigated using factor analysis. Results: Factor analysis of the inventory using varimax rotation based on scree test, showed 4 factors labeled Internalization-General, Internalization-Athlete, Information and Pressures, which covered 37.61% percent of the total variance. Conclusion: In general, findings of the research confirmed appropriate validity and reliability of the Persian version of SATAQ-3 and showed that it can be simply applied in clinical and research situations for evaluation of individual’s attitude towards personal appearance affected by socio-cultural factors.

Azra Mohammadpanah Ardakan

2014-03-01

352

Tourism as a paradox creative sector from socio-cultural perspective: A sociological analysis on Dalyan destination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While the local people and tourists being in a confrontation is a desirable situation during the tourism activities’ which has economic income and employment creation impact, taking places on the destinations of which the starting point to be their natural and historical resources, it could emerge as a situation that creates paradoxes as well as, on the regions where the necessary socio-cultural awareness is no generated on the local people. In this context, the purpose of this study is to evaluate perceptions of locals in the scope of socio-cultural and economic in Dalyan destination towards tourists coming to this destination. Based on this aim, depth interview technique which is a qualitative research method based on the idea that it could provide more concrete data is preferred. Data, obtained from interviewed participants in the selected sample were subjected to sociological analysis. As a result of the sociological analysis the concerns of the local people especially about the socio-cultural degeneration on behaviors and movements of youths created by tourism which contributes economically in the region was observed.

F. Özlem Güzel

2013-03-01

353

Socio-cultural perspectives on causes and intervention strategies of male infertility: a case study of Mhondoro-Ngezi, Zimbabwe.  

Science.gov (United States)

The subject of male infertility has, to a large extent, been broached from a western perspective that often insists on the biological factor. This approach has led to a narrowed and narrowing perception of male infertility in that it often neglects other possible crucial socio-cultural dimensions pertaining to the issue. The study is purely qualitative. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews (with males and females) are used to collect qualitative data. The study notes that, unlike in western inclined discourses, male infertility is an intricate condition that transcends biology. Witchcraft and punishment either from God or angry ancestors were avowed to be the determinants of male infertility. The study notes that the Shona people in Mhondoro-Ngezi exclusively rely on socio-cultural intervention strategies to solve the problem of male infertility. The study thus recommends a holistic approach to male infertility which integrates the socio-cultural perspectives in policy and programming, if progress is to be made in unearthing the underlying causes and treatment options. PMID:24069755

Moyo, Stanzia; Muhwati, Itai

2013-06-01

354

Hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; qualitative assessment of socio-cultural determinants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B is an important health problem in the Turkish community in the Netherlands. Increased voluntary screening is necessary in this community, to detect individuals eligible for treatment and to prevent further transmission of the disease. Methods We investigated socio-cultural determinants associated with hepatitis B screening in male and female, first and second generation Turkish migrants, by means of Focus Group Discussions. Results Socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening were identified; these were social norm, social support, sensitivity regarding sexuality, reputation, responsiveness to authority, religious responsibility, cleanliness and religious doctrine regarding health and disease, and the perceived efficacy of Dutch health care services. Motivating factors were the (religious responsibility for one's health, the perceived obligation when being invited for screening, and social support to get tested for hepatitis B. Perceived barriers were the association of hepatitis B screening with STDs or sexual activity, the perception of low control over one's health, and the perceived low efficacy of the Dutch health care services. Reputation could act as either a motivator or barrier. Conclusion This study identified relevant socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening, which may serve to customize interventions aimed at the promotion of voluntary hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in the Netherlands.

Voeten Hélène ACM

2009-09-01

355

The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws. We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam, how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared under Islamic dietary laws? This study wasrekindled by the contention that Zimbabwe is largely a Christian country and may prefer to be guided byChristian values founded on Biblical laws. We had four hypotheses which were tested using Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The results revealed that indeed socio-cultural factors have little or no influence on anindividual consumer’s perception on consumption of halal certified food products. However, it was found outthat the Islamic consumers and other religious groups other than protestant, catholic, baptist and apostolic arehighly sensitive to their socio-cultural orientations.

Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa

2012-10-01

356

A Wall out of Place: a Hydrological and Sociocultural Analysis of Physical Changes to the Lakeshore of Como, Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The construction of a flood protection structure that obscured views of the lake in Como, northern Italy, led to unprecedented public protest in 2009–2010 and to the eventual dismantlement of the structure. This provided a focus to investigate the delicate interplay of technical and cultural matters in environmental policy—in this case, catchment management and flood prevention. This article shows how a focus on hydrological control in isolation from the rest of the catchment and from the sociocultural context contributed to the project's failure. A key message of the article is that data and analyses from the environmental and social sciences are both pivotal to environmental planning, as they inform different yet interdependent components of a single project. There is value in integrating technical and sociocultural knowledge, both at the academic level, as illustrated by the mixed methods used in this article, and at the policy level, through management frameworks that emphasize cross-sectoral learning and public participation. The analysis also reveals that the notion of "place" has a central role to play in this process of integration, both as a conceptual bridge between technical and sociocultural components of environmental studies and as an emphasis in environmental planning activities to foster the interest and engagement of communities.

Sandy Toussaint

2012-03-01

357

Virtual Organisation Document Management System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main goal of Masters final work is to analize basics of virtual organization and its needs for document management system. Virtual organisation is a one of organisations methods to colaborate. Virtual organisation require the system, who will guarantee document managent and control.

Sturis, Ric?ardas

2004-01-01

358

Team Development of Virtual Teams  

Science.gov (United States)

Advanced technologies, globalization, the competitiveness of business, flexible working practices, and other rapid changes in the nature of work have all led to the booming of "virtual teams." This paper will provide an overview of virtual teams, including a description of their emergence, a definition and typology of the term "virtual team," an…

Kim, Sooyoung

2004-01-01

359

Leading Virtual Teams: Three Cases  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated virtual team members' and leaders' perceptions of the role of the leader, and hindering and helping forces within virtual teams and their host organizations for developing leaders of such teams. It addresses the expressed need of virtual team leaders for the field of HRD to guide leadership development for this emerging…

Johnson, James R.; Jeris, Laurel

2004-01-01

360

Secure virtualization in cloud computing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Providing secure virtualization is an important component of cloud computing. The paper is devoted to the mechanism of monitoring of virtual machines aimed at guaranteeing increased security to cloud resources. Furthermore, the requirements for this mechanism are enumerated. A Virtual Machine Monitor which can effectively monitor guest components while remaining fully transparent to cloud users is proposed.

Volokyta, Artem; Kokhanevych, Igor; Ivanov, Dmytro

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Ethnography in a Virtual World  

Science.gov (United States)

This article situates the discussion of virtual ethnography within the larger political/economic changes of twenty-first century consumer capitalism and suggests that increasingly our entire social world is a virtual world and that there were very particular utopian and dystopian framings of virtual community growing out of that history. The…

Shumar, Wesley; Madison, Nora

2013-01-01

362

War Games Go Virtual  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how researchers work with military to create the next generation of training technology. This article also describes the features of Flatworld, a virtual military training technology. Flatworld is one of many projects under development at the Institute for Creative Technologies, a research group that is supported primarily…

Carlson, Scott

2006-01-01

363

Deeply virtual Compton scattering  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We estimate the leading order amplitude for exclusive Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering in terms of modelised skewed parton distributions. The influence of the skewedness variable is found non negligible. We also estimate the power corrections due to the intrinsic transverse momentum of the partons and find that the onset of scaling is in the range 2-10 GeV2

364

Botiga Virtual Esports Pirinencs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La empresa Esports Pirinencs quiere aumentar su volumen de vendas con una tienda virtual. Se quiere aprovechar la misma aplicación para tener un mantenimiento de los productos que se ofrece a los clientes. Utilizando una validación de usuario se va a poder acceder con el rol Cliente o con el rol Empleado.

Viver Arauzo, He?ctor

2006-01-01

365

Virtual manufacturing in reality  

Science.gov (United States)

SMEs play an important role in manufacturing industry. But from time to time there is a shortage in resources to complete the particular order in time. Number of systems is introduced to produce digital information in order to support product and process development activities. Main problem is lack of opportunity for direct data transition within design system modules when needed temporary extension of design capacity (virtuality) or to implement integrated concurrent product development principles. The planning experience in the field is weakly used as well. The concept of virtual manufacturing is a supporting idea to solve this problem. At the same time a number of practical problems should be solved like information conformity, data transfer, unified technological concepts acceptation etc. In the present paper the proposed ways to solve the practical problems of virtual manufacturing are described. General objective is to introduce the knowledge-based CAPP system as missing module for Virtual Manufacturing in the selected product domain. Surface-centered planning concept based on STEP- based modeling principles, and knowledge-based process planning methodology will be used to gain the objectives. As a result the planning module supplied by design data with direct access, and supporting advising environment is expected. Mould producing SME would be as test basis.

Papstel, Jyri; Saks, Alo

2000-10-01

366

Biblioteca Virtual del CSIC  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La Unidad de Coordinación de Bibliotecas del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas ha puesto en marcha la Biblioteca Virtual del CSIC, un portal de consulta para acceder a todos los recursos de información científica que el Consejo pone a disposición de sus usuarios.

Cottereau, Mario

2005-01-01

367

Virtual Cardiology Lab  

Science.gov (United States)

The focus of this lab is on heritable diseases of the heart. You are cast here as a virtual intern to accompany a doctor examining three different patients. Each patient is examined, using more than one diagnostic tool, and at each stage, the doctor will invite you to examine the patient yourself and ask for your opinion.

Joseph Perpich, M.D., J.D. (Howard Hughes Medical Institute; )

2008-04-16

368

Virtual Beach Manager Toolset  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Beach Manager Toolset (VB) is a set of decision support software tools developed to help local beach managers make decisions as to when beaches should be closed due to predicted high levels of water borne pathogens. The tools are being developed under the umbrella of...

369

SLAC Virtual Visitor Center  

CERN Document Server

Provided by the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), the SLAC Virtual Visitor Center is an outstanding educational resource for those interested in the science of accelerators and particle physics. Intended for students and educators, the site visitors about various accelerator components and how they work, the current theory of fundamental particles, and applications of high-energy physics research, among other things.

370

About a virtual subset  

CERN Document Server

Two constructed prime number subsets (called prime brother & sisters and prime cousins) lead to a third one (called isolated primes) so that all three disjoint subsets together generate the prime number set. It should be suggested how the subset of isolated primes give a new approach to expand the set theory by using virtual subsets.

Lange, Klaus

2009-01-01

371

Adventures in Virtual Reality  

Science.gov (United States)

In this activity, students look at the topography and cross-section of El Paso Texas and Edwards Aquifer in virtual reality, using historical data of the Edwards Aquifer that contains information on recharge, discharge and precipitation. From this data, conclusions can be made about future discharges of the aquifer.

372

Virtual Inquiry Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Children in classrooms and scientists in laboratories engage in similar activities: they observe, ask questions, and try to explain phenomena. Video conferencing technology can remove the wall between the classroom and the laboratory, bringing children and scientists together. Virtual experiences and field trips can provide many of the benefits of…

Harlow, Danielle; Nilsen, Katy

2011-01-01

373

Virtual machine performance benchmarking.  

Science.gov (United States)

The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine is compelling. However, there are also potential drawbacks. High performance requirements need to be carefully considered if they are to be executed in an environment where the running software has to execute through multiple layers of device drivers before reaching the real disk or network interface. Our lab has attempted to gain insight into the impact of virtualization on performance by benchmarking the following metrics on both physical and virtual platforms: local memory and disk bandwidth, network bandwidth, and integer and floating point performance. The virtual performance metrics are compared to baseline performance on "bare metal." The results are complex, and indeed somewhat surprising. PMID:21207096

Langer, Steve G; French, Todd

2011-10-01

374

Literacy in Virtual Worlds  

Science.gov (United States)

Introducing new digital literacies into classroom settings is an important and challenging task, and one that is encouraged by both policy-makers and educators. This paper draws on a case study of a 3D virtual world which aimed to engage and motivate primary school children in an immersive and literacy-rich on-line experience. Planning decisions,…

Merchant, Guy

2009-01-01

375

CMS Virtual Tour Greece  

CERN Document Server

More than 500 high-school students from 7 locations in Greece visit virtually the CMS experiment. Read more about this record-breaking event here: http://home.web.cern.ch/students-educators/updates/2014/02/students-visit-heart-cms-detector

CERN. Geneva

2014-01-01

376

Virtual Learning Environments.  

Science.gov (United States)

Focusing on online learning opportunities in higher education, this paper reviews the various tools of virtual learning and electronic synchronous and asynchronous communication, discusses their strengths and weaknesses, presents strategies for their best use, and warns against potential pitfalls. Implementation issues, including cost and training…

Madjidi, Farzin; Hughes, H. Woodrow; Johnson, Ruth N.; Cary, Kim

377

World virtual globes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article deals with some possibilities of presenting and visualising geospatial data. The Internet is especially useful for analyzing and detection of geospatial reality and its features. In the field of geodesy and cartography the use of the Internet is very impressive. Virtual atlases have become very attractive.

Borisov, Mirko A.; Bankovic?, Radoje D.

2011-01-01

378

World virtual globes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with some possibilities of presenting and visualising geospatial data. The Internet is especially useful for analyzing and detection of geospatial reality and its features. In the field of geodesy and cartography the use of the Internet is very impressive. Virtual atlases have become very attractive.

Mirko A. Borisov

2011-10-01

379

Student trajectories in physics: the need for analysis through a socio-cultural lens  

Science.gov (United States)

An analysis of student connections through time and space relative to the core discipline of physics is attempted, as viewed through the lens of actor-network-theory, by Antonia Candela. Using lenses of cultural realities, networks, and perceived power in the discourse of one specific university in the capital city of Mexico and one undergraduate physics classroom, the trajectories and itineraries of students are analyzed, relative to a physics professor's pedagogical practices. This ethnographic study then yields comparisons between Mexican undergraduate students and students from the United States. Actor network theory recognizes that the symbiotic relationship existing between an actor and a continuum of space and time is defined by the symbiotic yet interdependent relationships and networks of practice (Lemke in Downward causation: Minds, bodies, and matter 2000). As part of this study and in line with actor-network-theory, human actors and non-human participants were viewed in relation to how subjects acted and were acted upon within networks of practice. Through this forum I reflect on this work with particular focus on the issues of situatedness of actors from a sociocultural perspective and how established networks viewed within this perspective frame and subsequently impact student trajectories and itineraries. In essence I argue for a need to look at a myriad of further complexities driving the symbiotic relationships being analyzed.

Zapata, Mara

2010-09-01

380

Rendimiento intelectual en dos grupos de sujetos de diferente nivel socio-cultural  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se estudia el rendimiento intelectual de dos grupos de escolares en relación con el nivel socio-cultural de los mismos. Se administró la Escala de Inteligencia Wechsler para niños (WISC a 100 alumnos que cursaban el último año de la escuela primaria, pertenecientes a dos niveles socio-culturales perfectamente diferenciados. La Escala Wechsler para niños está constituida por cinco pruebas verbales (Información, Comprensión, Aritmética, Analogías y Vocabulario y cinco pruebas de ejecución (Completamiento de figuras, Ordenamiento de figuras, Construcción con cubos, Rompecabezas y Claves que exploran una diversidad suficiente de funciones como para proporcionar datos válidos sobre la inteligencia del sujeto. Los resultados obtenidos permiten observar para el grupo A un rendimiento notablemente más satisfactorio que para el grupo B, especialmente en las pruebas verbales. Sin embargo, más que los índices cuantitativos de C. l. es el análisis cualitativo de cada una de las pruebas lo que nos proporciona mayor información sobre el desenvolvimiento de los grupos comparados

Mar\\u00EDa Cristina Sans

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

From dialogue to trialogue: A sociocultural learning perspective on classroom interaction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Dialogues in multireligious public schools do not run smoothly by simply gathering a plural group of learners in the same classroom. Classroom studies show that many conversations go on in circles around provocative statements from a few students creating a debate to make the lesson pass quickly to [...] avoid the teacher from teaching. The discussion in this article will be based in a sociocultural perspective on learning and addressing the teacher's responsibility to facilitate the dialogue whether the degree of diversity she faces in Religious Education (RE) is high or low. Her task is to achieve a development of the dialogue from a repetitive exercise towards a learning experience. Dialogue is usually understood as an encounter between two persons exchanging views, in an oral dia-logue. The trialogue is defined by an intentional extension of the dialogue by introducing a mediating tool between the two persons, a third 'voice'. The third voice might be a material artefact or a practical task. The mediating tool is a cultural entrenched tool which makes the dialogue more informed and creates a common ground for negotiation. The teacher is the one that sets up the rules for the dialogue in the classroom, creates a safe space, and chooses what educational material to give attention. There is a need to discuss some age specific strategies on how to facilitate this informed dialogue or trialogue during compulsory education in the ages of 6-15.

Heid, Leganger-Krogstad.

2014-01-01

382

Educación intercultural desde la teoría del control cultural en contexto de diversidad sociocultural mapuche  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza, desde la teoría del control cultural en contexto de diversidad sociocultural mapuche, la perspectiva que ofrece el desarrollo de un modelo de educación intercultural. La interculturalidad se aborda como objetivo a apoyar para una mejor expresión de la realización de los derechos culturales de un pueblo. El concepto de interculturalidad se define haciendo la distinción con el de multiculturalidad. Sin embargo, se retoma del multiculturalismo la idea que para dialogar debe establecerse el respeto mutuo y condiciones de igualdad. La educación intercultural y la pedagogía intercultural se abordan desde la formación inicial docente para estudiantes de origen mapuche y no-mapuche. La educación intercultural se define como una estratégica didáctica que toma en cuenta lógicas sociales y culturales en interrelación, paradigmas socioculturales mapuche y occidental en el marco de sus respectivas epistemologías que están a la base de la construcción de conocimiento educativo. En tanto, la pedagogía intercultural se entiende como un enfoque aplicado al fenómeno educativo con presencia de estudiantes indígenas y no-indígenas. En las conclusiones se aboga por un modelo de educación intercultural que favorezca el aprendizaje de elementos de la cultura mapuche en el marco de la lógica cultural indígena, particularmente el ?mapunche kimün? o saber mapuche y el ?kimeltuwün? o conocimiento educativo. Finalmente se enuncia una definición de formación intercultural bilingüe.

Daniel Quilaqueo Rapim\\u00E1n

2005-01-01

383

A socio-cultural approach to learning in the practice setting.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Practice learning is an essential part of the curriculum and accounts for approximately 60% of the current pre-registration nursing programmes in the Republic of Ireland. The nature and quality of the clinical learning environment and the student nurses\\' experience of their practice placements is recognised as being influential in promoting the integration of theory and practice. However, the problem experienced by many learners is how to relate their theoretical knowledge to the situation-at-hand within the practice setting. Socio-cultural or activity theories of learning seek to explain the social nature of learning and propose that knowledge and learning are considered to be contextually situated. Lave and Wenger (1991) argue that learning is integrated with practice and through engagement with a community of practice, by means of sponsorship; students become increasingly competent in their identity as practitioners. This paper examines the changes which have occurred within the pre-registration nursing curriculum in the Republic of Ireland with the transition from the apprenticeship system to the graduate programme, and the resulting reduction in clinical learning hours. It also examines the potential impact on the development of student learning with the implementation of the concepts proposed by Lave and Wenger to learning in the practice setting.

White, Ciara

2010-11-01

384

Analysing young children’s thinking about natural phenomena: A sociocultural/cultural historical perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vygotsky’s sociocultural/cultural historical theory emphasised the notion of semiotic mediation – or how thinking is transformed through signs (such as language and cultural tools (such as drawings from an intermental to an intramental plane. While the ideas of Vygotsky have become well-accepted within research in early childhood education in Australia, they are somewhat slower to be adopted within science education research. Yet they offer the potential for gaining new understandings of how young children’s thinking about the world develops. This article will demonstrate one way in which aspects of Vygotsky’s (1987-1999 work, particularly his ideas about semiotic mediation can inform analysis of children’s thinking about the world. Focusing on conversations with children about natural phenomena, and drawings they completed during those conversations, the analysis identifies a number of significant issues that are not normally revealed within the dominant forms of analysis which draw on constructivist perspectives. The findings, which reveal complex and dynamic aspects of children’s thinking, have implications for both teachers and researchers working with young children – especially within science education and science education research.

JILL ROBBINS

2009-01-01

385

Una experiència d'innovació docent en l'assignatura d'Animació Sociocultural  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La docència universitària ha anat evolucionant, sobretot en les seves metodologies i concepció de l´ensenyament, a partir de l´aprovació de la Declaració de Bolonya (1999. Moltes universitats comencen a implementar projectes pilots d´assignatures adaptades a l´European Credit Transfer System (ECTS, avançant-se al canvi que s´acostava. Amb la implantació de l´Espai Europeu d´Educació Superior (EEES, les universitats han hagut d´adaptar els seus plans d´estudi i, per tant, les seves assignatures. Aquestes adequacions són, entre altres: la guía docent, l´aprenentatge autònom, la formació per competències o l´acció tutorial. Algunes d´aquestes innovacions es presenten en aquest article la experiencia s´ha desenvolupat en l´assignatura de “Estratègies Educatives per a l´Animació Sociocultural i el Desenvolupament Comunitari”, corresponent al 2nd curs del Grau en Educació Social, durant el curs acadèmic 2011/2012. El nostre objectiu era dissenyar una asignatura que respongués a les directrius del nou espai d´educació, sent la primera vegada que en el nostre context s´implementaban innovacions en aquesta asignatura, alhora que no se centra en un sol aspecto sinó que intenta aglutinar diverses estratègies i emprendre un nou camí en l´assignatura. En aquest sentit, els aspectos innovadors que s´han dissenyat i implementat són: guía docent, avaluació per competències, rúbrica d´avaluació, el portafoli, l´acció tutorial i el treball en grup.

Itahisa Pérez-Pérez

2013-07-01

386

Sociocultural context of suicidal behaviour in the sundarban region of India.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of mental illness in nonfatal deliberate self-harm (DSH) is controversial, especially in Asian countries. This prospective study examined the role of psychiatric disorders, underlying social and situational problems, and triggers of DSH in a sample of 89 patients hospitalised in primary care hospitals of the Sundarban Delta, India. Data were collected by using a specially designed DSH register, Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC), and clinical interview. Psychiatric diagnosis was made following the DSM-IV guidelines. The majority of subjects were young females (74.2%) and married (65.2%). Most of them (69.7%) were uncertain about their "intention to die," and pesticide poisoning was the commonest method (95.5%). Significant male-female differences were found with respect to education level, occupation, and venue of the DSH attempt. Typical stressors were conflict with spouse, guardians, or in-laws, extramarital affairs, chronic physical illness, and failed love affairs. The major depressive disorder (14.6%) was the commonest psychiatric diagnosis followed by adjustment disorder (6.7%); however 60.7% of the cases had no psychiatric illness. Stressful life situations coupled with easy access to lethal pesticides stood as the risk factor. The sociocultural dynamics behind suicidal behaviour and community-specific social stressors merit detailed assessment and timely psychosocial intervention. These findings will be helpful to design community-based mental health clinical services and community action in the region. PMID:24286067

Chowdhury, A N; Banerjee, S; Brahma, A; Hazra, A; Weiss, M G

2013-01-01

387

Professional nursing in Iran: an overview of its historical and sociocultural framework.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nursing in Iran has progressed from the apprenticeship style of nurse training to the higher education sector, with the baccalaureate degree required for registered nurses. Despite these many changes since the Islamic Revolution, nursing is still striving for acceptance and recognition as a profession. This article describes how nursing is conceptualized and practiced in Iran and provides insight into underlying sociocultural forces that have affected the profession in recent years. Nursing education and research, the current status of nursing in the health care system, and the public image of nursing are described based on combining information from several sources: clinical experience, academic experience, and selected qualitative research findings on Iranian nurses' experiences and perceptions of their work. Because knowledge of modern Iranian nursing was inaccessible in English until very recently, this description adds to the literature on the nursing profession cross-nationally. It shows that in Iran, as in other West and East Asian countries, the image of nurses has not changed despite advances in nursing practice, education, and research, necessitating professional socialization and policy changes. PMID:15599874

Nasrabadi, Alireza Nikbakht; Lipson, Juliene G; Emami, Azita

2004-01-01

388

Relationship Between Socio-cultural Environment And Creativity Of Secondary School Pupils Of Bangarpet Taluk  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper makes an attempt to study the relationship between socio-cultural environment and creativity of secondary school pupils of Bangarpet Taluk. Bangarpet is a backward Taluk (Administrative division under district in Karnataka state of Country India.Educational system in the modern industrial societies is enhanced by social and cultural environment. As the responsibility of educating the child is vested upon the nation itself and therefore it is important to recognize that if a person is to make full use of his talents, he should learn to think creatively in a range of situations, and on a variety of subjects. The mind, in other words, should be trained to think logically. Creativity can be conceived as a combination of realistic thinking and imagination, a sort of problem solving without a predetermined answer, frequently with self - expression as the dominant feature. Now we are living in the age of science and technology. We are able to see the dawn of civilization only through the creative efforts of individuals who were endowed with this wonderful gift. So it is the greatest need and demand of present time to promote and nurture this talent at all levels.

K.Sumita Rao

2012-10-01

389

Contact mechanics: contact area and interfacial separation from small contact to full contact  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a molecular dynamics study of the contact between a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface and an elastic block with a flat surface. The numerical calculations mainly focus on the contact area and the interfacial separation from small contact (low load) to full contact (high load). For small load the contact area varies linearly with the load and the interfacial separation depends logarithmically on the load. For high load the contact area approaches the nomina...

Yang, C.; Persson, B. N. J.

2008-01-01

390

Virtual System Environments  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Distributed and parallel systems are typically managed with "static" settings: the operating system (OS) and the runtime environment (RTE) are specified at a given time and cannot be changed to fit an application's needs. This means that every time application developers want to use their application on a new execution platform, the application has to be ported to this new environment, which may be expensive in terms of application modifications and developer time. However, the science resides in the applications and not in the OS or the RTE. Therefore, it should be beneficial to adapt the OS and the RTE to the application instead of adapting the applications to the OS and the RTE. This document presents the concept of Virtual System Environments (VSE), which enables application developers to specify and create a virtual environment that properly fits their application's needs. For that four challenges have to be addressed: (i) definition of the VSE itself by the application developers, (ii) deployment of the VSE, (iii) system administration for the platform, and (iv) protection of the platform from the running VSE. We therefore present an integrated tool for the definition and deployment of VSEs on top of traditional and virtual (i.e., using system-level virtualization) execution platforms. This tool provides the capability to choose the degree of delegation for system administration tasks and the degree of protection from the application (e.g., using virtual machines). To summarize, the VSE concept enables the customization of the OS/RTE used for the execution of application by users without compromising local system administration rules and execution platform protection constraints.

Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Ong, Hong Hoe [ORNL; Tikotekar, Anand A [ORNL; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Bland, Wesley B [ORNL; Aderholdt, Ferrol [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2008-01-01

391

Survey on virtual machine security  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS, storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to solve that issue areexplained in this paper. It is the survey of various cloudvirtual machine architectures, advantages &disadvantages.

Bright Prabahar P ,Bijolin Edwin E

2012-10-01

392

Diagnostic accuracy in virtual dermatopathology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Virtual microscopy is used for teaching medical students and residents and for in-training and certification examinations in the United States. However, no existing studies compare diagnostic accuracy using virtual slides and photomicrographs. The objective of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy of dermatopathologists and pathologists using photomicrographs vs. digitized images, through a self-assessment examination, and to elucidate assessment of virtual dermatopathology. Methods Forty-five dermatopathologists and pathologists received a randomized combination of 15 virtual slides and photomicrographs with corresponding clinical photographs and information in a self-assessment examination format. Descriptive data analysis and comparison of groups were performed using a chi-square test. Results Diagnostic accuracy in dermatopathology using virtual dermatopathology or photomicrographs was similar: 0.70 vs. 0.73 respectively, p = 0.465. Order of administration of virtual dermatopathology and photomicrographs did not affect diagnostic accuracy. The vast majority (93%) of the participants felt the virtual slides were adequate for diagnosis and that virtual dermatopathology represented a useful tool for learning; 90% felt that virtual dermatopathology is useful tool for teaching dermatopathology. Conclusion No significant difference was observed in diagnostic accuracy using virtual dermatopathology compared to photomicrographs. Most participants felt virtual dermatopathology was adequate for diagnostic purposes and a useful tool for learning and teaching dermatopathology. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Mooney, E.; Kempf, W.

2012-01-01

393

WORK TOGETHER… WHEN APART CHALLENGES AND WHAT IS NEED FOR EFFECTIVE VIRTUAL TEAMS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increasingly competitive global markets and accelerating technological changes have increased the need for people to contact via electronic medium to have daily updates, the people those who could not able to meet face to face every day. Those who contact via electronic medium i.e. Virtual Team, are having number of benefit but to achieve these potential benefits, however, leaders need to overcome liabilities inherent in the lack of direct contact among team members and managers. Team members...

Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari; Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Raval, R. R.

2010-01-01

394

A Review on Virtual Reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual Reality is a major asset and aspect of our future. It is the key to experiencing, feeling and touching the past, present and the future. It is the medium of creating our own world, our own customized reality. It could range from creating a video game to having a virtual stroll around the universe, from walking through our own dream house to experiencing a walk on an alien planet. With virtual reality, we can experience the most intimidating and gruelling situations by playing safe and with a learning perspective. In this review paper, we present our survey about virtual reality: the levels of virtual reality, the components used, the factors affecting the virtual environment, its origin, future and the challenges to overcome in order to obtain an impeccable virtual reality experience.

Pallavi Halarnkar

2012-11-01

395

Contact and near-contact binary systems. 4. RT Scl and AQ Tuc  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Reticon spectroscopic observations are presented for the short-period eclipsing binary systems RT Scl and AQ Tuc. Analysis of these data together with new analyses of previously published light curves show that RT Scl is composed of a main-sequence primary component, virtually in contact with its Roche lobe, and a detached secondary component which is approx. 40 per cent larger than expected for its mass. The system AQ Tuc, which has the same total mass and specific orbital angular momentum as RT Scl, is confirmed to be an A-type WUMa contact system.

Hilditch, R.W.; King, D.J.

1986-12-01

396

Types of Contact Lenses  

Science.gov (United States)

... six nights or up to 30 days. Extended wear contact lenses are usually soft contact lenses. They are made of flexible plastics ... used once and discarded. With a true daily wear disposable schedule, a brand new pair of ... soft contact lenses are referred to as “disposable” by contact ...

397

Virtual images and billiards  

CERN Document Server

Students in introductory physics courses struggle to understand virtual image formation by a plane mirror and the proper construction of ray diagrams. This difficulty, if not sufficiently addressed, results in further problems throughout the study of geometric optics. Specifically, students fail to apply proper graphical representation of light rays during investigations of the formation of real images by converging lenses and concave mirrors. We present a guided-inquiry activity based on the research-verified Physics by Inquiry text that incorporates a small and inexpensive billiards table, with billiard balls acting as "light". In this way, we approach the abstract concept of virtual images by relation to the concrete concept of physical reflection.

Moore, J Christopher; Thompson, Cody V

2011-01-01

398

entornos formativos virtuales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este trabajo aporta algunas reflexiones acerca de las tutorías en la formación universitaria de postgrado. Se propone la discusión acerca de los siguientes ejes: las configuraciones que adquiere la práctica pedagógica tutorial en la particularidad de los entornos virtuales; las competencias específicas -previas o adquiridas- requeridas para el desempeño del tutor; las características que asume el control de la enseñanza virtual y su incidencia en la práctica tutorial; el papel que juega la evaluación en las reglas de intercambio académico entre tutor y alumno; los desafíos que debe enfrentar un docente que trabaja en la enseñanza presencial para adaptar su práctica al espacio complejo e inacabado de la red. Se analiza el entramado generalmente conflictivo en el que se despliegan las prácticas tutoriales vinculado con la posición que ocupa el tutor, la complejidad de los saberes requeridos para el desempeño que debe ampliar sobre la base del núcleo formativo aprendido y el perfil ideal para sus funciones demandadas socialmente.

Mar\\u00EDa Teresa Mart\\u00EDnez

2007-01-01

399

Applied virtual reality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An early experience in deploying a manipulator to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell at Torness Power Station, quickly highlighted that special visualisation techniques were required to achieve a successful deployment and reduce plant system down time. This visualisation was later realised through the IGRIP software pakcage operating on a Silicon Graphics computing engine, which provides a 'Non-Immersive' Virtual Reality environment. Within this environment, models of the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling cell were generated along with a model of the manipulator, allowing manipulator deployment to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell be modelled. It is estimated that the first use of this new environment provided a significant saving to Scottish Nuclear in potential lost output. The use of this virtual reality environment is currently being extended into the design and deployment of a new manipulator for Torness in vessel inspection, the Boiler Inspection Manipulator. (author)

400

Virtual Compound Microscope  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Microscopy is a very handy online tool to learn how to use a microscope. The creator developed this tool in response to student frustration in learning how to use microscopes. The virtual scope has all the same controls found on the real unit and the user can learn the parts of the microscope as well as how to adjust the different objectives, course and fine focus, and make light adjustments with the iris diaphragm. Of particular interest is the fact that the simulation shows actual microscope specimens, like onion root tip, so students can see what mitotic figures look like under the microscope without having to be expert users. Of course, a simulation does not take the place of using the actual microscope but can certainly shorten the time that it takes to learn how to use one, and lessen the amount of frustration for both student and teacher.

Ketcham, Robert

 
 
 
 
401

Virtual Classroom System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper entitled Virtual Classroom System is mainly for all educational colleges such as engineering colleges, medical colleges, pharmacy colleges and others where there is connection between faculty, student and courses. In colleges, sometimes there may be loose connection between faculty, student and courses for some students due to some reason such as missing lectures, doing part time job along with study, distance learning courses; for that, this project help them in an efficient way. ...

Rajnish Kumar, Swati Shahi

2013-01-01

402

The virtual oil company  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ''clutter,'' these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth

403

Dynamic Virtual Arc Consistency  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual Arc Consistency (VAC) is a recent local consistency for processing Cost Function Networks (or Weighted Con- straint Networks) that exploits a simple but powerful con- nection with classical Constraint Networks. It has allowed to close hard frequency assignment benchmarks and is ca- pable of directly solving networks of submodular functions. The algorithm enforcing VAC is an iterative algorithm that solves a sequence of classical Constraint Networks. In this work, we show that Dynamic ...

Bessiere, Christian; Schiex, Thomas

2013-01-01

404

Virtual Palpation Gripper  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis presents the design and performance of the Virtual Palpation Gripper, an early prototype of a remote palpation instrument intended for laparoscopic surgery. Psychophysical experiments related to this prototype are also described. In minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic surgery, the interventions are performed with instruments inserted into the body through small incisions. This technique has become increasingly popular and is now considered the gold standard for man...

Ottermo, Maria Vatshaug

2006-01-01

405

Virtual nuclear weapons  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.

Pilat, J.F.

1997-08-01

406

Virtual private network (VPN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A virtual private network (VPN) is the essential security feature that allows remote monitoring systems to take advantage of the low communications cost of the internet. This paper introduces the VPN concept and summarizes the networking and security principles. The mechanics of security, for example, types of encryption and protocols for exchange of keys between partners, are explained. Important issues for partners in different countries include the interoperability and mutual accreditations of systems. (author)

407

Virtual Machine Performance Benchmarking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine...

Langer, Steve G.; French, Todd

2011-01-01

408

DNA Extraction Virtual Lab  

Science.gov (United States)

This virtual lab from the Genetic Science Learning Center at the University of Utah provides a simple overview of DNA extraction, including what it's used for, illustrations, and an activity using cheek cells and laboratory equipment to isolate DNA. The lab is followed by a classroom activity that allows students and teachers to Extract DNA from Anything Living, using household items like spinach but not little sister's big toe.

2006-01-01

409

Virtual sign translator  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper authors present the overall study that includes the model developed (VS Model) and the experiences performed, with an automatic bidirectional sign language translator, between written and sign language, which is being supervised by the research group GILT (Graphics, interaction & learning technologies) under the frame of a national project called Virtual Sign (VS project). This project aims to develop and evaluate a model that facilitates access for the deaf and hearing impaired...

Escudeiro, Paula; Escudeiro, Nuno; Reis, R.; Barbosa, Maciel; Bidarra, Jose?; Baltazar, A. B.; Gouveia, Bruno

2013-01-01

410

Virtual Machine Introspection  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Th...

Rachana, S. C.; Guruprasad, Dr H. S.

2014-01-01

411

Virtual Celebrator Machine  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There has been a huge growth of social network in the recent years. This trend does not only allow us to get connected and share the information in an efficient way, but also reveals some potential beneficial in dealing with several social issues, such as earthquake detection, social spam detection, flu pandemic tracking, media monitoring, etc. In this paper, we propose a new way of utilizing social network. By implementing what is called a Virtual Celebrator Machine (VCM), we are able to ...

Huynh, Loi; Stanchev, Peter

2013-01-01

412

Intelligent skin: Real virtual  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

What will it feel like to live in a city, where houses court each other in springtime? The 'intelligent-skin' project investigates the potential of media-façades in terms of corporate communication: what does it mean to build houses out of bricks of mediality? What does it imply to say that communication literally takes place? The virtualization of housing through large sized media skins will introduce medial milieus into our urban spheres to come – they might seize to function as add-...

Bu?hlmann, Vera

2006-01-01

413

Deeply virtual compton scattering  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This thesis explores the physics of the Deeply-Virtual Compton Scattering process which can probe a new type of nucleon observables - the off-forward parton distributions. It reviews the nucleon spin structure at twist-two using the framework provided by the operator product expansion. A theoretical estimate of the off-forward parton distributions is presented using the MIT bag model. (author)

414

Virtual Personal Assistant  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract This report discusses ways in which new technology could be harnessed to create an intelligent Virtual Personal Assistant (VPA) with a focus on user-based information. It will look at examples of intelligent programs with natural language processing that are currently available, with different categories of support, and examine the potential usefulness of one specific piece of software as a VPA. This engages the ability to communicate socially through natural language processing, hol...

Imrie, Peter; Bednar, Peter

2013-01-01

415

Evaluation of Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Consumer Buying Behaviour of Clothes in Borno State, Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available his study assesses cultural factors influencing consumer buying behaviour of clothes in Borno state, Nigeria. It was specifically carried out to examine consumer buying decision making process and assess cultural, economic as well as personal factors influencing clothes buying behavior. Data for the study were gathered through structured questionnaire administered by the researcher with the help of two research assistants, on a sample of 192 clothes buyers, out of which, 174 were duly filled and returned. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi square, Analysis of variance and multi-stage regression. Findings revealed a highly significant influence of cultural factors (T=14.83, P<0.000 on consumer buying behaviour of which the relative regression coefficient influences equivalence of societal norms (24.6% was the highest. The findings also indicated a highly significant influence of economic factors (T=11.89, P<0.000 factor on consumer buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence exerted by income (20%. The study further revealed that age was the sole personal (endogenous factor variable influencing buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence of over 65%. The study concluded that culture, either acting independently or in conjunction with economic and personal factors significantly influences buying behaviour of clothes. It was recommended that marketing managers should take cognizance of the fact that socio-cultural factors are some of the fundamental determinants of a person’s want and behavior and should therefore be considered when designing clothes for their markets.

Lawan A. Lawan

2013-01-01

416

Improved earthen stoves in coastal areas in Bangladesh: Economic, ecological and socio-cultural evaluation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The study evaluated the economic, ecological and socio-cultural achievements of improved earthen stoves that were provided to the beneficiaries under a project to improve decreasing biomass energy utilization. A questionnaire was developed and a random sampling method was employed for selecting the samples from the population. The region has undergone a significant change with the development of shrimp aquaculture in brackish water on former paddy field. As a result the households have become dependent on the wood resources of the Sundarban (77% as their first choice of daily fuel). The fuel collection rate from the Sundarban has increased by 30% since the change to aquaculture, while the use of agricultural residues has declined by a similar amount. The introduction of the improved stove with two cook stations and a chimney resulted in a reduction of fuel use (as wood) to 540 g caput{sup -1} d{sup -1}, from the previous usage of 810 g caput{sup -1} d{sup -1} using the traditional stove. Households saved 1.5 kg d{sup -1} of fuel (one third), and reduced the cooking time by 45 min d{sup -1} (about 20%). While 85% of men and 65% of women were the major fuel collectors, the improved stove resulted in a small increase (14 taka) in the women's contribution to family income as well as a monthly saving on fuel cost of 45 taka. Respondents utilized saved time and money for household means and other economic activities. (author)

Nazmul Alam, S.M.; Chowdhury, Sakila Jahan [Department of Social Sciences and Asian Languages, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987 Perth, Western Australia 6845 (Australia)

2010-12-15

417

Development and Validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) and its earlier versions are measures designed to assess societal and interpersonal aspects of appearance ideals. Correlational, structural equation modeling, and prospective studies of the SATAQ-3 have shown consistent and significant associations with measures of body image disturbance and eating pathology. In the current investigation, the SATAQ-3 was revised to improve upon some conceptual limitations and was evaluated in 4 U.S. and 3 international female samples, as well as a U.S. male sample. In Study 1, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for a sample of women from the Southeastern United States (N = 859) indicated a 22-item scale with 5 factors: Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat, Internalization: Muscular/Athletic, Pressures: Family, Pressures: Media, Pressures: Peers. This scale structure was confirmed in 3 independent and geographically diverse samples of women from the United States (East Coast N = 440, West Coast N = 304, and North/Midwest N = 349). SATAQ-4 scale scores demonstrated excellent reliability and good convergent validity with measures of body image, eating disturbance, and self-esteem. Study 2 replicated the factorial validity, reliability, and convergent validity of the SATAQ-4 in an international sample of women drawn from Italy, England, and Australia (N = 362). Study 3 examined a sample of college males from the United States (N = 271); the 5-factor solution was largely replicated, yet there was some evidence of an underlying structure unique to men. Future research avenues include additional item testing and modification of the scale for men, as well as adaptation of the measure for children and adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285718

Schaefer, Lauren M; Burke, Natasha L; Thompson, J Kevin; Dedrick, Robert F; Heinberg, Leslie J; Calogero, Rachel M; Bardone-Cone, Anna M; Higgins, Mary K; Frederick, David A; Kelly, Mackenzie; Anderson, Drew A; Schaumberg, Katherine; Nerini, Amanda; Stefanile, Cristina; Dittmar, Helga; Clark, Elizabeth; Adams, Zoe; Macwana, Susan; Klump, Kelly L; Vercellone, Allison C; Paxton, Susan J; Swami, Viren

2014-10-01

418

Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy is important to these villagers, as it removes one major source of indoor air pollution from homes and provides brighter light than the traditional torches. Solar energy is preferable in many villages in the region due to the lack of suitable streams or rivers for micro-hydroelectric projects. In the villages under study in this paper, in-home solar electricity is a novel and recent innovation, and was installed within the last three years in two different geo-spatial styles, depending upon the configuration of homes in the village. In some villages, houses are grouped together, while in others households are widely dispersed. In the former, solar photovoltaic systems were installed in a “cluster” fashion with multiple homes utilizing power from a central battery store under the control of the householder storing the battery bank. In villages with widely spaced households, a single home system was used so that each home had a separate solar photovoltaic array, wiring system and battery bank. It became clear that the cluster system was the sensible choice due to the geographic layout of certain villages, but this put people into management groups that did not always work well due to caste or other differences. This paper describes the two systems and their management and usage costs and benefits from the perspective of the villagers themselves.

Kimber Haddix McKay

2010-02-01

419

Sustainable teacher learning in Waldorf education: A socio-cultural perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article takes up a socio-cultural approach to teacher learning and applies this to frame a research agenda aimed at the renewal of sustainable teacher learning in Waldorf education. It revisits and critically reflects on Steiner’s original model for teacher learning situated in a college of teachers using the method of meditatively acquired knowledge of the human being to generate intuitive knowledge. It interprets this model from the perspective of theories of understanding-in-practice and enskilment situated in communities of practice. It also identifies the need for teacher learning through action research. Drawing on Arthur Zajonc’s description of meditation as contemplative inquiry, it explores how action research can be enhanced by contemplative practice. The validity of this approach depends on the quality of criticality and reflectivity exercised by the researchers. This article forms an introduction to a sequence of further studies.German Abstract (Zusammenfassung: Dieser Artikel wendet eine soziokulturelle Analyse des Lehrerlernens an, um ein Forschungsprojekt zur nachhaltiger Erneuerung der internen Lehrerfortbildung in Waldorfeinrichtungen zu strukturieren. Er setzt sich mit Steiners ursprünglichem Model der Lehrerfortbildung in der Lehrerkonferenz unter Einbeziehung der Methode der meditativ erarbeiteten Menschenkunde kritisch auseinander. Das Model wird unter Berücksichtigung der Lerntheorie des “Verstehens-in-der Praxis” und der Befähigung (enskilment Einzelner in einer Praxisgemeinschaft sowie des Prozesses der Bildung von Lehreridentität interpretiert. Die Notwendigkeit der Praxisforschung für das Lehrerlernen wird identifiziert und untersucht, unter welchen Bedingungen und in wiefern Arthur Zajoncs Beschreibung der Meditation als kontemplative Forschung die Praxisforschung bereichern kann. Die Validität dieses Ansatzes hängt von der Qualität der kritischen Reflexion und von der Positionalität der Forschern und Forscherinnen ab. Dieser Artikel stellt eine Einführung in die Thematik da, die in weiteren Arbeiten vertieft werden soll.

Martyn P. Rawson

2010-12-01

420

The virtual clinical campus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The increased use of community sites for the clinical training of medical students creates many challenges for educators. Among them is the need to provide students in community settings with access to the same range of educational resources-the medical literature, student colleagues, feedback, and faculty-that are customarily available at academic medical centers. One way to make this access possible is to use information technology to create a "virtual clinical campus," which would allow students to enjoy the best of both worlds: the immersion in primary care offered by the community-based setting and the knowledge-rich resources of the academic medical center, including the all-important library. With a virtual campus in place, students would be able to access most library resources, interact with their peers, ensure that they were meeting the goals of their community rotations, and participate with their colleagues in didactic sessions without having to travel. The virtual campus is technologically feasible and economically within reach. It is possible that the movement of clinical training into the community will make it imperative for all medical students to own their own computers and for medical centers to provide the infrastructure that would enable community sites to have access to a range of educational resources. PMID:9125922

Friedman, C P

1996-06-01

 
 
 
 
421

Organizações virtuais Virtual organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortemente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração.The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for communication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.

Luciano Augusto Toledo

2006-06-01

422

Organizações virtuais / Virtual organizations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortem [...] ente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração. Abstract in english The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for com [...] munication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.

Luciano Augusto, Toledo; Carlos Augusto, Loures.

2006-06-01

423

Medical Virtual Public Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. Requirements and specific rules of these medical services are considered, and personalization of user preferences will to be supported. The architecture is based on adaptable process management technologies, allowing for virtual services which are dynamically combined from existing national medical services. In this way, a comprehensive workflow process is set up, allowing for service-level agreements, an audit trail and explanation of the process to the end user. The process engine operates on top of a virtual repository, providing a high-level semantic view of information retrieved from heterogeneous information sources, such as national sources of medical services. The system relies on a security framework to ensure all high-level security requirements are met. System’s architecture is business oriented: it focuses on Service Oriented Architecture - SOA concepts, asynchronously combining Web services, Business Process Management – BPM rules and BPEL standards.

Iulia SURUGIU

2008-01-01

424

Neuroelectric Virtual Devices  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents recent results in neuroelectric pattern recognition of electromyographic (EMG) signals used to control virtual computer input devices. The devices are designed to substitute for the functions of both a traditional joystick and keyboard entry method. We demonstrate recognition accuracy through neuroelectric control of a 757 class simulation aircraft landing at San Francisco International Airport using a virtual joystick as shown. This is accomplished by a pilot closing his fist in empty air and performing control movements that are captured by a dry electrode array on the arm which are then analyzed and routed through a flight director permitting full pilot outer loop control of the simulation. We then demonstrate finer grain motor pattern recognition through a virtual keyboard by having a typist tap his traders on a typical desk in a touch typist position. The EMG signals are then translated to keyboard presses and displayed. The paper describes the bioelectric pattern recognition methodology common to both examples. Figure 2 depicts raw EMG data from typing, the numeral '8' and the numeral '9'. These two gestures are very close in appearance and statistical properties yet are distinguishable by our hidden Kharkov model algorithms. Extensions of this work to NASA emissions and robotic control are considered.

Wheeler, Kevin; Jorgensen, Charles

2000-01-01

425

Online information Impact in the virtual destination image formation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants and its implications for the overall image destination formation. This study presents a literature review base to the empiric research proposal whose general objective comprises the analysis of the influence of factors, such as interactivity, in online communication and contact with virtual tourism experiences online in image destination formation and image destination.

Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael

2014-05-01

426

Metal-nanocarbon contacts  

Science.gov (United States)

To realize nanocarbons in general and carbon nanotube (CNT) in particular as on-chip interconnect materials, the contact resistance stemming from the metal-CNT interface must be well understood and minimized. Understanding the complex mechanisms at the interface can lead to effective contact resistance reduction. In this study, we compile existing published results and understanding for two metal-CNT contact geometries, sidewall or side contact and end contact, and address key performance characteristics which lead to low contact resistance. Side contacts typically result in contact resistances >1 k?, whereas end contacts, such as that for as-grown vertically aligned CNTs on a metal underlayer, can be substantially lower. The lower contact resistance for the latter is due largely to strong bonding between edge carbon atoms with atoms on the metal surface, while carrier transport across a side-contacted interface via tunneling is generally associated with high contact resistance. Analyses of high-resolution images of interface nanostructures for various metal-CNT structures, along with their measured electrical characteristics, provide the necessary knowledge for continuous improvements of techniques to reduce contact resistance. Such contact engineering approach is described for both side and end-contacted structures.

Wilhite, Patrick; Vyas, Anshul A.; Tan, Jason; Tan, Jasper; Yamada, Toshishige; Wang, Phillip; Park, Jeongwon; Yang, Cary Y.

2014-05-01

427

The ethnography of virtual reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses possible application of ethnographic research in the realm of virtual reality, especially in the relationship between cultures in virtual communities. This represents an entirely new area of ethnographic research and therefore many adjustments in the research design are needed for example, a development of a specific method of data gathering and tools for their verification. A virtual, cyber space is a version of social space more or less synchronous with it, but without the, "real", that is, physical presence of the people who create it. This virtual reality, defined and bounded by virtual space, is in fact real - and though we are not able to observe real, physical parameters of its existence, we can perceive its consequences. In sum, an innovative ethnographic research method is fully applicable for exploring the realm of virtual reality; in order to do so we need to expand, in addition to the new research design and methods, the field of science itself.

Gavrilovi? Ljiljana 1

2004-01-01

428

Virtual Reality and Special Needs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of virtual environments for special needs is as diverse as the field of Special Educationitself and the individuals it serves. Individuals with special needs often face challenges withattention, language, spatial abilities, memory, higher reasoning and knowledge acquisition.Research in the use of Virtual Learning Environments (VLE targets both cognition and behavior(Rizzo, et.al, 2001. Virtual environments encourage interactive learning and provide avariety of opportunities for the learner to have control over the learning process (Pantelidis,1993. Virtual reality technology is an exciting tool that involves a safe and supportive environmentto transfer knowledge between virtual and real worlds. Through such technology,individuals with special needs can look carefully at their own strengths, abilities, and learningpreferences in comparison to the required learning task and expected learning outcome. Thisarticle reviews relevant research that explores the use of virtual reality for individuals withspecial needs.

Tara L. Jeffs

2009-01-01

429

Thermodynamic analysis of stability of contacting nonequilibrium phases in multicomponent systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermodynamic method of analysis for stability of contacting non-equilibrium phases in quaternary systems using the Ga-In-As-P system as an example is worked out. It is shown that the suggested virtual model permits to successfully evaluate the stability of contacting nonequilibrium liquid and solid phases in the such system and solve practical problems of obtaining multilayer epitaxial heterostructures

430

The ethnography of virtual reality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses possible application of ethnographic research in the realm of virtual reality, especially in the relationship between cultures in virtual communities. This represents an entirely new area of ethnographic research and therefore many adjustments in the research design are needed for example, a development of a specific method of data gathering and tools for their verification. A virtual, cyber space is a version of social space more or less synchronous with it, but without ...

Gavrilovi? Ljiljana

2004-01-01

431

Virtual Teams and Management Challenges  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Collaboration is becoming increasingly important in creating the knowledge that makes business more competitive. Virtual teams are growing in popularity [1] and many organizations have responded to their dynamic environments by introducing virtual teams. Additionally, the rapid development of new communication technologies such as the Internet has accelerated this trend so that today, most of the larger organization employs virtual teams to some degree [2]. A growing number of f...

Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari

2011-01-01

432

Playful mediation and virtual sociality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As a space of sociability, virtual games, especially online role playing games, allow us to capture the interest of the playfulness in social life, but they are means by which users are able to experiment their relationship to others. The virtual games as a mediation device, constitute a "pretext" to forge friendships, develop love relationships, improve language skills, discover other cultures, etc. Based on a sociological survey of Tunisian Internet users (both sexes) fans of virtual games ...

Najjar, Sihem

2010-01-01

433

Virtual Worlds Today: Gaming and Online Sociality.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Gordon Calleja gives an historical overview about the history of Virtual Worlds. In his article “Virtual Worlds Today: Gaming and Online Sociality” he thus focuses on the problems that come with trying to define “virtual” and “Virtual Worlds” and gives an illustrative overview about various types of different so-called Virtual Worlds.

Calleja, Gordon

2008-01-01

434

Wearable wireless tactile display for virtual interactions with soft bodies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We describe here a wearable, wireless, compact and lightweight tactile display, able to mechanically stimulate the fingertip of users, so as to simulate contact with soft bodies in virtual environments. The device was based on dielectric elastomer actuators, as high-performance electromechanically active polymers. The actuator was arranged at the user’s fingertip, integrated within a plastic case, which also hosted a compact high-voltage circuitry. A custom-made wireless control unit was ar...

FedericoCarpi; DanieleMazzei

2014-01-01

435

Virtual goods and value perception  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Huikko, Iiro Virtual goods and value perception Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2011, 28 p. Information Systems, Bachelor’s Thesis Supervisor: Seppänen, Ville During the last decade the market of virtual goods has grown from the petty exchange of virtual artifacts into a booming multi-billion dollar business. Data shows that in 2007 global revenue of virtual goods was $2.1 billion when in 2010 it had raised to $7.3 billion. That is an increase of over 240 percent. To...

Huikko, Iiro

2012-01-01

436

Virtual corporations, enterprise and organisation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual organisation is a strategic paradigm that is centred on the use of information and ICT to create value. Virtual organisation is presented as a metamanagement strategy that has application in all value oriented organisations. Within the concept of Virtual organisation, the business model is an ICT based construct that bridges and integrates enterprise strategic and operational concerns. Firms try to ameliorate the impacts of risk and product complexity by forming alliances and partnerships with others to spread the risk of new products and new ventures and to increase organisational competence. The result is a networked virtual organization.

Carmen RÃDUT

2009-06-01

437

Betel nut chewing in Hawai'i: is it becoming a public health problem? Historical and socio-cultural considerations.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the socio-cultural significance of betel nut use among Micronesians, in light of the recent migration of Micronesians to Hawai'i. The different ways of chewing betel nut are the result of historical changes within Micronesia over time due to Spanish and US colonialism as well as the introduction of tobacco. These divergent ways of chewing may have different risks or impacts on health and it remains to be seen whether or not betel nut will become a significant public health problem in Hawai'i. PMID:22413101

Pobutsky, Ann M; Neri, Enrico I

2012-01-01

438

Betel Nut Chewing in Hawai‘i: Is it Becoming a Public Health Problem? Historical and Socio-Cultural Considerations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article examines the socio-cultural significance of betel nut use among Micronesians, in light of the recent migration of Micronesians to Hawai‘i. The different ways of chewing betel nut are the result of historical changes within Micronesia over time due to Spanish and US colonialism as well as the introduction of tobacco. These divergent ways of chewing may have different risks or impacts on health and it remains to be seen whether or not betel nut will become a significant public he...

Pobutsky, Ann M.; Neri, Enrico I.

2012-01-01

439

Playful mediation and virtual sociality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As a space of sociability, virtual games, especially online role playing games, allow us to capture the interest of the playfulness in social life, but they are means by which users are able to experiment their relationship to others. The virtual games as a mediation device, constitute a "pretext" to forge friendships, develop love relationships, improve language skills, discover other cultures, etc. Based on a sociological survey of Tunisian Internet users (both sexes fans of virtual games we try to show how playful mediation is producing a multifaceted virtual sociality inherent in our contemporary societies.

Sihem NAJJAR

2010-01-01

440

Making sense of shared sense-making in an inquiry-based science classroom: Toward a sociocultural theory of mind  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite considerable exploration of inquiry and reflection in the literatures of science education and teacher education/teacher professional development over the past century, few theoretical or analytical tools exist to characterize these processes within a naturalistic classroom context. In addition, little is known regarding possible developmental trajectories for inquiry or reflection---for teachers or students---as these processes develop within a classroom context over time. In the dissertation, I use a sociocultural lens to explore these issues with an eye to the ways in which teachers and students develop shared sense-making, rather than from the more traditional perspective of individual teacher activity or student learning. The study includes both theoretical and empirical components. Theoretically, I explore the elaborations of sociocultural theory needed to characterize teacher-student shared sense-making as it develops within a classroom context, and, in particular, the role of inquiry and reflection in that sense-making. I develop a sociocultural model of shared sense-making that attempts to represent the dialectic between the individual and the social, through an elaboration of existing sociocultural and psychological constructs, including Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and theory of mind. Using this model as an interpretive framework, I develop a case study that explores teacher-student shared sense-making within a middle-school science classroom across a year of scaffolded introduction to inquiry-based science instruction. The empirical study serves not only as a test case for the theoretical model, but also informs our understanding regarding possible developmental trajectories and important mechanisms supporting and constraining shared sense-making within inquiry-based science classrooms. Theoretical and empirical findings provide support for the idea that perspectival shifts---that is, shifts of point-of-view that alter relationships and proximities of elements within the interaction space---play an important role in shared sense-making. Findings further suggest that the mutually constitutive interaction of inquiry and reflection plays a key role in flexible shared sense-making. Finally, findings lend support to the idea of a dialectical relationship between human models of shared sense-making and human systems of shared sense-making; that is, the ways in which human minds are coordinated is a work in progress, shaping and shaped by human culture.

Ladewski, Barbara G.

 
 
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