WorldWideScience

Sample records for virtual sociocultural contact

  1. Transnational organizational considerations for sociocultural differences in ethics and virtual team functioning in laboratory animal science.

    Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne

    2010-05-01

    Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working with sociocultural differences in ethics and by knowing how to facilitate appropriate virtual team actions. Associated practices include implementing codes and policies transcend cultural, ethnic, or other boundaries and equipping virtual teams with the needed technology, support, and rewards to ensure timely and productive work that ultimately promotes good science and patient safety in drug development. PMID:20587155

  2. Social Contact in Virtual Learning Environments

    Heilesen, Simon

    2013-01-01

    A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term “social”, in this context is taken to mean “purposeful communication......” and not “recreational socializing” (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)...

  3. Social Contact in Virtual Learning Environments

    Heilesen, Simon

    2013-01-01

    A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term “social”, in this context is taken to mean “purposeful communication” and not “recreational socializing” (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)

  4. Hybrid contacts for CZT virtual Frisch-grid detectors

    Camarda, G. S.; Bolotnikov, A. E.; Chan, W.; Cui, Y.; Gul, R.; Hossain, A.; Kim, K.; Yang, G.; James, R. B.

    2011-09-01

    In our previous design of virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors, the charge drift-lines can be terminated at the side surfaces before the carriers reach the collecting anode; this results in a loss of signal from the interacting events near the detector's edges. Here, we describe our new design for the anode contact that reduces these edge effects by focusing the electric field towards the detectors' central axes. Four detectors were fabricated with the new hybrid anode contact, and their performances were evaluated and compared to those from the previous design for our virtual Frisch-grid detectors. The results obtained for all four showed similar improvement: therefore, we illustrate them with the findings from one detector.

  5. Participation, Dialogues and Learning in Virtual Reality : A Socio-Cultural Perspective on Collaboration in Common Information Spaces

    2004-01-01

    An interesting discussion within the field of Computer Supported Collaborative Work, is the discussion of how to support users in common information spaces in their attempts to interpret and come to agree on the meaning of representations in common spaces. Another compelling issue is what theoretical framework that is suited to discuss such meaning-making activities. In an attempt to contribute to these issues, this thesis employs socio-cultural theory and explores the use of a virtu...

  6. Generating Virtual Eye Contacts Through Online Synchronous Communications in Virtual Classroom Applications

    T. Volkan YUZER

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the characters of the Internet clearly via generating relatively new terms or concepts. “Virtual eye contact” concept is one of these. In this article, this concept is considered with a specific application of synchronous internet-based e-learning environments which is virtual classroom platform application. Explanation, technological infrastructure and benefits of this concept and training of the trainers to use this nonverbal communication type more powerfully are explained and discussed.

  7. The study about planetary gearbox virtual prototyping with nonlinear gear contact characteristics

    The virtual prototypes of gear transmission system built in most multi-body dynamic software have difficulties in describing the gear mesh characteristics. The gear mesh contact is modelled as rigid contact and this is not accurate for the gear mesh contact, which is elastic or flexible. The gear contact formula used in the multi-body dynamic software does not reveal the gear contact nonlinear stiffness characteristic. The model built with gear meshing contact is difficult to solve because of its time-consuming algorithm. In the paper a new method is put forward to build the virtual prototype of planetary gearbox system according to the nonlinear mesh stiffness and mesh phase obtained through FEM models. This new FEM method of gear mesh stiffness calculation is much more accurate than the common formulas. The gear mesh nonlinear stiffness of sun gear- pinion and pinion-ring gear of all the planetary gear sets in gearbox are obtained through MATALB code, which is used to read and plot the analyzing result data. The gear mesh phase differences between different pinions with suns or rings of different planetary gear set can be also obtained. With all these data modelled in simulink (or other software) and integrated with the multi-body dynamic planetary gearbox model and the gear meshing contact problem in multi-body gear models is solved easily and accurately. The interfaces for gear mesh stiffness and mesh phases are designed for multi-body dynamic model and simulink. The nonlinear planetary gear set prototyping models are integrated to become the whole planetary gear box model and the whole vehicle system model built in multi-body dynamic software can be integrated to simulate different duty conditions. At last high speed input is put into the nonlinear planetary transmission model and the different duty cases are simulated. The dynamic characteristics of different parts are obtained. The dynamic characteristic comparison between nonlinear and linear models is made

  8. Contact-based ligand-clustering approach for the identification of active compounds in virtual screening

    Mantsyzov AB

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexey B Mantsyzov,1 Guillaume Bouvier,2 Nathalie Evrard-Todeschi,1 Gildas Bertho11Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris, France; 2Institut Pasteur, Paris, FranceAbstract: Evaluation of docking results is one of the most important problems for virtual screening and in silico drug design. Modern approaches for the identification of active compounds in a large data set of docked molecules use energy scoring functions. One of the general and most significant limitations of these methods relates to inaccurate binding energy estimation, which results in false scoring of docked compounds. Automatic analysis of poses using self-organizing maps (AuPosSOM represents an alternative approach for the evaluation of docking results based on the clustering of compounds by the similarity of their contacts with the receptor. A scoring function was developed for the identification of the active compounds in the AuPosSOM clustered dataset. In addition, the AuPosSOM efficiency for the clustering of compounds and the identification of key contacts considered as important for its activity, were also improved. Benchmark tests for several targets revealed that together with the developed scoring function, AuPosSOM represents a good alternative to the energy-based scoring functions for the evaluation of docking results.Keywords: scoring, docking, virtual screening, CAR, AuPosSOM

  9. Sociocultural approach to textbook

    Pešić Jelena M.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present an overview of textbook research at the Institute of psychology, intended to postulate socio-cultural approach to textbook. Shifting the textbook from classical pedagogical-psychological context into the broader and more inspiring cultural context, has led to the conceptualization of textbook as a cultural-supportive system of individual development. We consider firstly, the theoretical background of this conception, founded in Vygotskian idea of cultural mediation of development and then, its operationalization through the concept of cultural-supportive tools. The transfer from theory to practice is presented through the most important practical implications, such as defining the genre specificities of textbook and principles of educational design of textbooks. As a distinctive issue, we also consider the way this approach to textbook (theoretical articulation, analytical concepts, and practical implications contributes to development of socio-cultural paradigm in psychology.

  10. Sociocultural approach to textbook

    Pešić Jelena M.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present an overview of textbook research at the Institute of psychology, intended to postulate socio-cultural approach to textbook. Shifting the textbook from classical pedagogical-psychological context into the broader and more inspiring cultural context, has led to the conceptualization of textbook as a cultural-supportive system of individual development. We consider firstly, the theoretical background of this conception, founded in Vygotskian idea of cultural m...

  11. Sociocultural mediators of remembering

    Wagoner, Brady; Gillespie, Alex

    2014-01-01

    , questioning and deferring contribute to the transformation and conventionalization of the material. These diverse sociocultural mediators are integrated into a partially coherent recollection by participants self-reflecting, or as Bartlett termed it, turning around upon their schemas. We demonstrate that this...... self-reflection is both a social and a psychological process, occurring because participants are responding to their own utterances in the same way that they respond to the utterances of other people. These empirical findings are used to make a case for using discursive data to look not only at...

  12. Predictors of sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain.

    Swami, Viren

    2009-08-01

    The process of cross-cultural migration may be particularly difficult for students travelling overseas for further or higher education, especially where qualitative differences exist between the home and host nations. The present study examined the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning Malaysian students in Britain. Eighty-one Malay and 110 Chinese students enrolled in various courses answered a self-report questionnaire that examined various aspects of sociocultural adjustment. A series of one-way analyses of variance showed that Malay participants experienced poorer sociocultural adjustment in comparison with their Chinese counterparts. They were also less likely than Chinese students to have contact with co-nationals and host nationals, more likely to perceive their actual experience in Britain as worse than they had expected, and more likely to perceive greater cultural distance and greater discrimination. The results of regression analyses showed that, for Malay participants, perceived discrimination accounted for the greatest proportion of variance in sociocultural adjustment (73%), followed by English language proficiency (10%) and contact with host nationals (4%). For Chinese participants, English language proficiency was the strongest predictor of sociocultural adjustment (54%), followed by expectations of life in Britain (18%) and contact with host nationals (3%). By contrast, participants' sex, age, and length of residence failed to emerge as significant predictors for either ethnic group. Possible explanations for this pattern of findings are discussed, including the effects of Islamophobia on Malay-Muslims in Britain, possible socioeconomic differences between Malay and Chinese students, and personality differences between the two ethnic groups. The results are further discussed in relation to practical steps that can be taken to improve the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning students in Britain. PMID:22029555

  13. Application of Cognitive and Socio-Cultural Theories in CALL

    Mustafa Akın Güngör; Muzeyyen Nazlı Demirbaş

    2011-01-01

    Since it is quite difficult in traditional learning atmospheres for the learners to be exposed to the target language adequately in foreign language acquisition, CALL in which virtual environment is designed in more appropriate way has given rise. Two main paradigms, cognitive model and socio-cultural theory, have also been adopted in CALL. Moreover, rather than applying one theory, combination of these paradigms is unavoidable. However, application of this combination is challenging in pract...

  14. Rewarding integration? Citizenship regulations and the socio-cultural integration of immigrants in the Netherlands, France and Germany

    E. Ersanilli; R. Koopmans

    2010-01-01

    This paper compares the levels of socio-cultural integration of naturalised and non-naturalised immigrants in the Netherlands, France and Germany. Socio-cultural integration is measured by host-country identification, proficiency and use of the host-country language, and interethnic social contacts.

  15. Socio-Cultural Factors and International Competitiveness

    Madara Apsalone; Ērika Šumilo

    2015-01-01

    Socio-cultural factors – shared values, norms and attitudes are significant, but less acknowledged sources of international competitiveness. Previous studies have found socio-cultural factors positively affecting various aspects of international competitiveness – entrepreneurship, innovation, productivity and international cooperation. These factors are more sustainable and less affected by external environment changes in comparison with the traditional factors. Socio-cultural factors provide...

  16. Socio-Cultural Knowledge in Conversational Inference

    Xiaomei Yang

    2009-01-01

    In addition to words and grammar, socio-cultural knowledge is also of vital importance in the interpretation of conversations. Socio-cultural knowledge helps participants to get contextualization cues and together with other signaling channels, participants will be able to perceive the context-bound information and prepare their appropriate responses. Socio-cultural knowledge is indispensable in our modern society where people have widely varying communicative and cultural backgrounds, which ...

  17. Spore and the sociocultural moment

    Meyer, W. Max

    2012-12-01

    Analyses of the game Spore have centered on the important issues of accuracy of evolution content and engendering interest in science. This paper suggests that examination of the degree of scaffolding necessary to use the game in pedagogy is a missing part of the discussion, and then questions the longevity of the Spore discussion relative to the general dissatisfaction with the science presented in the game. The paper proposes that analysis of Spore and other technological tools in science education may be embedded in an historical moment which directs the discussion towards satisfying sociocultural and organizational needs and away from pedagogical ones.

  18. Sociocultural determinants of induced abortion

    Objective: To determine the frequency of induced abortion and identity the role of sociocultural factors contributing to termination of pregnancy and associated morbidity and mortality in hospital setting. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were admitted for induced abortion were interviewed in privacy. On condition of anonymity they were asked about the age, parity, family setup and relationships, with particular emphasis on sociocultural reasons and factors contributing to induction of abortion. Details of status of abortionist and methods used for termination of pregnancy, the resulting complications and their severity were recorded. Results: Out of total admissions, 57(2.35%) gave history of induced abortion. All women belonged to low socioeconomic class and 59.6% of them were illiterate. Forty-three (75.5%) of these women had never practiced concentration. Twenty-four (42%) were grandmultiparae and did not want more children. In 29 women (50.9%) the decision for abortion had been supported by the husband. In 25 (43.8%) abortion was carried out by Daiyan (traditional midwives). Serious complications like uterine perforation with or without bowel injury were encouraged in 25 (43.8%) of these women. During the study period illegally induced abortion accounted for 6 (10.5%) maternal deaths. Conclusion: Prevalence of poverty, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-practice of contraception are strong determinants of induced abortion. (author)

  19. Virtual goods recommendations in virtual worlds.

    Chen, Kuan-Yu; Liao, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Jyun-Hung; Liu, Duen-Ren

    2015-01-01

    Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable virtual goods fit for their virtual home in daily virtual life. In the VWs, users decorate their houses, visit others' homes, create families, host parties, and so forth. Users establish their social life circles through these activities. This research proposes a novel virtual goods recommendation method based on these social interactions. The contact strength and contact influence result from interactions with social neighbors and influence users' buying intention. Our research highlights the importance of social interactions in virtual goods recommendation. The experiment's data were retrieved from an online VW platform, and the results show that the proposed method, considering social interactions and social life circle, has better performance than existing recommendation methods. PMID:25834837

  20. Virtual teams

    Sanders, David

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes some early results from observing and interviewing groups working to achieve intellectually complex tasks that required the use of computers, WWW and other research resources. Three groups were virtual (they were working at a distance and rarely meeting face to face) and two groups were simple control groups They were real groups (working in relatively close proximity so that face to face contact was possible most of the time). All five teams completed their tasks but a s...

  1. Games 2.0 as a test of socio-cultural perpetuum mobile construction

    Klimczuk, Andrzej

    2008-01-01

    Increase in popularity of games like "Second Life" has contributed not only to significant changes in the development of the electronic entertainment industry. Promoting Games 2.0, the new trend of video game production that are assumed to be the virtual worlds that contain user-generated content (eg, graphics, music, animations) makes both measured with a specific technological innovation, as well as a serious change in the organization of socio-cultural heritage. The article presents proble...

  2. Socio-Cultural Factors and International Competitiveness

    Madara Apsalone

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Socio-cultural factors – shared values, norms and attitudes are significant, but less acknowledged sources of international competitiveness. Previous studies have found socio-cultural factors positively affecting various aspects of international competitiveness – entrepreneurship, innovation, productivity and international cooperation. These factors are more sustainable and less affected by external environment changes in comparison with the traditional factors. Socio-cultural factors provide an opportunity to develop competitiveness strategies based on unique advantages. This research aims to explore the impact of socio-cultural factors on international competiveness in small, open economies. Analysing relationship between 400 socio-cultural indicators and competitiveness indicators such as productivity, economic development, business and government efficiency, innovation capacity and infrastructure in 37 countries, six socio-cultural factors have emerged: Collectivism and Hierarchy; Future, Cooperation and Performance Orientation, Self-expression, Monochronism and Rationality, Economic Orientation and Social structure. The first factor – Collectivism and Hierarchy – tends to reduce the international competitiveness; the other five affect it positively.

  3. Application of Cognitive and Socio-Cultural Theories in CALL

    Mustafa Akın Güngör

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Since it is quite difficult in traditional learning atmospheres for the learners to be exposed to the target language adequately in foreign language acquisition, CALL in which virtual environment is designed in more appropriate way has given rise. Two main paradigms, cognitive model and socio-cultural theory, have also been adopted in CALL. Moreover, rather than applying one theory, combination of these paradigms is unavoidable. However, application of this combination is challenging in practice, as these two theories have different principles. Furthermore, when it comes to online education, it turns into more challenging process. In this poster this combination is presented with the help of sample applications from Gazi University.

  4. Tactile displays in Virtual Environments

    Erp, J.B.F. van

    2001-01-01

    Virtual Reality (VR) technology allows the user to perceive and experience sensory contact with a nonphysical world. A complete Virtual Environment (VE) will provide this contact in all sensory modalities. However, even state-off-the-art VEs are often restricted to the visual modality only. The use

  5. Virtual colonoscopy

    Colonoscopy - virtual; CT colonography; Computed tomographic colonography; Colography - virtual ... Virtual colonoscopy is different from regular colonoscopy . Regular colonoscopy uses a long, lighted tool called a colonoscope that is ...

  6. Organizaciones Virtuales Organizaciones Virtuales

    Gladis Cecilia Villegas Arias

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Virtual Organizations are new organizational forms originated from both the replacementof face to face communications by remote communications supported by electronic means,and from the accesibility of real time information about the operation of the company, forall employees.This article pursues the following goals: 1 To define virtual organization, review its sociotechnical antecedents and propose a preliminary classification into inter-organizationaland intra-organizational forms.  2 To discuss the characteristics of virtual organizationsand their impact on organizational design, and 3 To compare virtual organizations toother organizational forms.Las organizaciones virtuales son formas organizativas nuevas, que resultan de: primero, reemplazar las interacciones cara a cara con interacciones remotas, soportadas por comunicaciones electrónicas y segundo,  proveer acceso en tiempo real a toda la información de la empresa para todos los trabajadores.En este artículo se busca: 1 Definir organización virtual, revisar sus antecedentes y proponeruna clasificación básica preliminar de las mismas  2 Discutir las características de las organizaciones virtuales y sus implicaciones para el diseño organizativo 3 Comparar estaforma organizativa a las formas organizativas no virtuales.

  7. Treating Women with Bulimia from a Sociocultural Perspective.

    Hotelling, Kathy

    1986-01-01

    Outlines a sociocultural perspective of bulimia. Notes that since bulimia occurs in a sociocultural context, which includes a socialized developmental path with concomittant norms and values, effective treatment must address those norms and values. Recommends group therapy. (ABB)

  8. Computation lithography: Virtual reality and virtual virtuality

    Lam, EY; Wong, AKK

    2009-01-01

    Computation lithography is enabled by a combination of physical understanding, mathematical abstraction, and implementation simplification. An application in the virtual world of computation lithography can be a virtual reality or a virtual virtuality depending on its engineering sensible-ness and technical feasibility. Examples under consideration include design-for- manufacturability and inverse lithography. © 2009 Optical Society of America.

  9. Sociocultural Variables in Children's Sequencing of Stories.

    McClure, Erica; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Compares the performance of Black, Hispanic, and Anglo students on a story unscrambling task to determine if sociocultural differences in story schemata affect reading comprehension. Shows some effects suggesting that the three groups have somewhat different strategies for choosing initial and final sentences and for making narratives coherent.…

  10. Anorexia Nervosa: Sociocultural Factors and Treatment.

    Williams, Jennifer

    This paper examines how the epidemiological findings of anorexia nervosa lead theorists to speculate a correlation between sociocultural factors and the development of anorexia nervosa. A section on the essential features of anorexia nervosa identifies five primary characteristics of anorexia: (1) severe weight loss; (2) a disturbance of body…

  11. Childhood and violence: the sociocultural aspects

    Kovalchuk O. V.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the issues of violence of social institutions and family towards children. The authors observe different theoretical approaches as a background for the violence studies, and also regard sociocultural factors of violence. The paper presents the actual tendencies of family violence as a social issue in the contemporary Russian society and shows possible ways of solving the problem.

  12. Grace under Fire: Sociocultural Competency Training.

    Avery, Wayne W.; Bawtenheimer, Pat; Pearson, Hilary; Westwood, Dianne

    2001-01-01

    Employers want employees who can communicate effectively, work as part of a team, and think on their feet. To help students acquire these qualities, the faculty of health sciences and counseling at Vancouver Community College integrated a sociocultural training model into their human relations programs. Evaluations indicate that students'…

  13. Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Acquisition

    Lantolf, James P.; Beckett, Tracy G.

    2009-01-01

    Second language acquisition (SLA) research informed by sociocultural theory (henceforth, SCT) began in earnest with the publication of Frawley & Lantolf's (1985) article on L2 (second language) discourse (described in the timeline proper). Since then, well over 300 journal articles, book chapters and doctoral dissertations have appeared in the…

  14. Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women

    Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

    2009-01-01

    The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

  15. A SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH TO SCIENCE EDUCATION

    Kenneth Tobin

    2013-01-01

    I present a sociocultural approach to research and science education that incorporates a recursive relationship between transformation and theory, acknowledges the strengths of subjectivity, and regards difference as a resource for learning. The methodology incorporates hermeneutic-phenomenology, reflexive inquiry, and event-oriented inquiry. Research on emotions contextualizes methodologies for multidisciplinary and multi-level research. Finally, a new journal that was d...

  16. Risks in socio-cultural perspective

    An exposition is presented of the principles of a socio-cultural risk theory based on the statement 'Risk is structured uncertainty'. It deals with hazards of human behaviour, risk as a challenge, hazards in nature and in culture, in science and enterprise, to close with a few words on today's crisis and uncertainty. (Auth.)

  17. National Consciousness: Socio-cultural Perspectives

    Pavel P. Soloshchenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on topical aspects of national consciousness formation in terms of global instability. The modern socio-cultural situation demands objective and correct approach to the issues, con with definition of nature and essence of the national. Authors of the article offer their own analysis of transformation of national consciousness of the Kazakhstan society.

  18. Contact dermatitis

    Dermatitis - contact; Allergic dermatitis; Dermatitis - allergic; Irritant contact dermatitis; Skin rash - contact dermatitis ... There are 2 types of contact dermatitis. Irritant dermatitis: This ... can be by contact with acids, alkaline materials such as soaps ...

  19. Sociocultural Theories of Learning and Motivation: Looking Back, Looking Forward. Research on Sociocultural Influences on Motivation and Learning

    McInerney, Dennis M., Ed.; Walker, Richard A., Ed.; Liem, Gregory Arief D., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    It is now nearly thirty years since sociocultural theories of learning created great excitement and debate amongst those concerned with learning in diverse contexts. Since that time significant advances have been made in sociocultural theory and research. Various sociocultural approaches to the understanding of learning (for example, sociocultural…

  20. Abordagem sociocultural: algumas vertentes e autores Sociocultural approach: some perspectives and authors

    Adriana Ferreira Paes Ribas

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A necessidade de enfocar aspectos socioculturais nas investigações em psicologia tem sido destacada por diferentes autores, em diferentes épocas, e a abordagem sociocultural representa uma fonte conceitual proveitosa neste sentido. Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar e discutir algumas idéias centrais da abordagem sociocultural, mudanças pelas quais esta abordagem passou nas últimas décadas, algumas de suas vertentes e autores. Os conceitos aqui discutidos não esgotam o tema, mas podem ser úteis para tentativas de articular investigações de diferentes temas em psicologia à abordagem sociocultural. As considerações finais apontam no sentido da necessidade de incluir as investigações em psicologia em um cenário conceitual que considere a cultura e o contexto social como elementos centrais, articulando as contribuições da psicologia transcultural e da cultura.The need to approach sociocultural aspects in psychological investigations has been emphasized by different authors in different times, and the sociocultural approach represents a profitable conceptual source in this sense. The purpose of this article was to discuss some concepts of the sociocultural approach, changes by which this approach went through last decades, some of their perspectives and authors. The concepts here discussed can be useful in the attempts to articulate psychological investigations in a sociocultural approach. The conclusions point to the need of including the investigations in psychology into a conceptual approach that considers the culture and the social context as central elements, articulating the contributions of the cross-cultural psychology, and of the culture.

  1. Adolescent Eating Disorders in a Sociocultural Context

    Thurfjell, Barbro

    2005-01-01

    Adolescence means an increased risk for eating disorders (ED) and the female gender is the most important risk factor. Empirical studies of the perceptions of gender ideals—as potential mediating factors between the socio-cultural context and ED—were this thesis’ primary goals. Further aims implied evaluating the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorders Inventory for Children (EDI-C) and providing normative data for boys and girls concerning self-assessed ED symptoms and related psycho...

  2. Socio-cultural Impacts of Contemporary Tourism

    JOVIČIĆ, DOBRICA

    2011-01-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special ...

  3. A Sociocultural Approach to Recognition and Learning

    Peter Musaeus

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a case study of goldsmith craft apprenticeship learning and recognition. The study includes 13 participants in a goldsmith's workshop. The theoretical approach to recognition and learning is inspired by sociocultural theory. In this article recognition is defined with reference to Hegel’s understanding of the concept as a transformed struggle of granting acknowledgement to another person plus receiving acknowledgement as a person. It is argued that the notion of recognition can enhance sociocultural notions of learning. In analysing the case study of apprenticeship learning, the article suggests that recognition is expressed in the act of participants staking their lives to prove their autonomy, in work activity in terms of the role of artefacts and in the form of abstract and concrete recognition. Finally recognition is discussed in relation to learning and development. The study concludes that recognition is an important category not only to explain apprenticeship learning but also to give a sociocultural explanation of learning in general.

  4. Virtual First Impressions

    Bergren, Martha Dewey

    2005-01-01

    Frequently, a nurse's first and only contact with a graduate school, legislator, public health official, professional organization, or school nursing colleague is made through e-mail. The format, the content, and the appearance of the e-mail create a virtual first impression. Nurses can manage their image and the image of the profession by…

  5. The role of cognitive apprenticeship in learning science in a virtual world

    Ramdass, Darshanand

    2012-12-01

    This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, Science games and the development of possible selves. In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on the application of various components of the sociocultural perspective of learning in classroom environments and the potential for applying them in virtual worlds. I propose that research in science education should explore the processes underlying cognitive apprenticeship and determine how these processes can be used in virtual environments to help students learn science successfully.

  6. Virtual Worlds

    Novák, František

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor's thesis is focused on highlighting the development of virtual worlds. The paper summarizes the evolution of virtual reality. Current virtual worlds are compared in fundamental aspects, such as sociology, economics and education. Social sphere describes the interaction in virtual reality and its specialities. Economical sphere is focused on comparison of real and virtual economies, including their economic indicators. Educational sphere describes the sciences, which are best usea...

  7. Sociocultural--Geospatial Anthropological Portal (SC-GAP): Enhanced Sociocultural Understanding Through Crowdsourced Service Member Narratives

    Jaye, Michael; Aschenbrennar, Mark; Koo, Jason; Toshner, Daniel; Tsolis, Kristen

    2015-01-01

    The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.533 Despite the Department of Defense’s (DoD) many investments directed toward developing and fielding programs designed to advance sociocultural knowledge, the DoD nonetheless lacks a shared repository in which all entities can aggregate, visualize, and share sociocultural data across the enterprise. A gap analysis of DoD’s desired and actual states of achieving and implementing a socioc...

  8. Abordagem sociocultural: algumas vertentes e autores Sociocultural approach: some perspectives and authors

    Adriana Ferreira Paes Ribas; Maria Lucia Seidl de Moura

    2006-01-01

    A necessidade de enfocar aspectos socioculturais nas investigações em psicologia tem sido destacada por diferentes autores, em diferentes épocas, e a abordagem sociocultural representa uma fonte conceitual proveitosa neste sentido. Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar e discutir algumas idéias centrais da abordagem sociocultural, mudanças pelas quais esta abordagem passou nas últimas décadas, algumas de suas vertentes e autores. Os conceitos aqui discutidos não esgotam o tema, mas podem s...

  9. GLOBALIZATION OF THE ECONOMY AND SOCIO-CULTURAL RISKS

    SLINKOVA O.K.

    2015-01-01

    The article outlines the challenges posed by globalization of the economy at the present stage of economic development. The pros and cons of globalization are analyzed. The features of the transformation of socio-cultural space under conditions of globalization processes are shown. The basic contradictions generating socio-cultural risks caused by globalization of the economy are revealed. The author demonstrates some characteristic socio-cultural risks of globalization in the context of mode...

  10. A SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH TO SCIENCE EDUCATION

    Kenneth Tobin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available I present a sociocultural approach to research and science education that incorporates a recursive relationship between transformation and theory, acknowledges the strengths of subjectivity, and regards difference as a resource for learning. The methodology incorporates hermeneutic-phenomenology, reflexive inquiry, and event-oriented inquiry. Research on emotions contextualizes methodologies for multidisciplinary and multi-level research. Finally, a new journal that was developed as a home for cultural studies of science education is described along with the processes used in manuscript review and publication.

  11. EDUCATION AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

    Victor A. SHTURBA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article author analyze the socio-cultural phenomenon of education through the prism of its values and target components. Understanding of the role and place of education in society is not possible out of the human essence context. In living nature man appears as a phenomenon - this thesis is recognized the absolute majoriy of scientific and philosophical theories, concepts and doctrines, including non-humanistic oriented. It is known that man is a social being - society is environment for its full life. As Aristotle said, only the gods and the animals can live outside society. However, human nature does not imply a simple social existence in the form of an intensive exchange of information with similar entities and, based on this, building complex collective actions. The man has a mind that is capable of abstract thought, speech, language, complex psyche, important component of which is imagination. These features formed the basis of theoretical and methodological basis of the analysis of education as a phenomenon. The author indicated value and target measurement of socio-cultural phenomenon of education, which led to the conclusion about the need to rely on a properly organized philosophical and pedagogical knowledge, the importance of implementation in the educational process of program-target approach and the relevance of the audit of modern educational models for nonborrowed trainings, upbringing and socialization. doi: 10.17748/2075-9908-2016-8-2/1-124-126. [en

  12. Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies

    Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

  13. Socio-Cultural Analysis in IDB Projects: A Discussion Paper

    William L. Partridge; María Clara Mejía

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the principal issues related to socio-cultural analyses carried out in conjunction with IDB operations as a tool for maximizing project benefits to poor and excluded groups and for ensuring compliance with many of the Bank's safeguard policies. A companion manual to this paper contains checklists for applying socio-cultural analysis in specific project areas.

  14. Connecting Sociocultural Theory and Educational Practice: Galperin's Approach

    Arievitch, Igor M.; Haenen, Jacques P. P.

    2005-01-01

    Learning and instruction have always been important topics in the sociocultural school of thought founded by Vygotsky and further developed by his followers. Taking sociocultural ideas as a starting point, Piotr Galperin developed an original conceptual system and a new method of investigation that made teaching and learning a central part of…

  15. The Subjectivity of the Translator and Socio-Cultural Norms

    Pei, Denghua

    2010-01-01

    This thesis attempts to probe into the dialectical relationship between the subjectivity of the translator and socio-cultural norms. The socio-cultural norms inevitably regulate the translator's translating activity, as acceptability of the translated text is the primary concern of most translators. However, this does not mean that the…

  16. The Sociocultural Contexts of Learning in the Workplace.

    Bierema, Laura L.

    2002-01-01

    Outlines demographic dimensions of the work force: aging, gender, race, sexual orientation, immigration, language, religion. Suggests a workplace pedagogy that is sensitive to sociocultural context and includes the concept of workplace learning as a lifelong process, socioculturally sensitive policies, equal opportunity development, and diversity…

  17. CULTURE AS A COMPONENT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL REALITY

    Zakirova T. V.

    2014-01-01

    The article reveals the peculiarities of culture as a component of socio-cultural reality. The author’s definition of the notion “culture” is presented. Major socio-cultural function of culture participating in actualization of spiritual and social potential of mankind is identified. General and particular transformation vectors for modern culture are considered

  18. Revisiting Teacher Feedback in EFL Writing from Sociocultural Perspectives

    Lee, Icy

    2014-01-01

    While research on teacher feedback has largely been influenced by second language writing and second language acquisition perspectives, little attention has been paid to the contextual and sociocultural dimension of teachers' work. Overall, there is a dearth of discussion on teacher feedback that is influenced by sociocultural perspectives.…

  19. Wireless virtualization

    Wen, Heming; Le-Ngoc, Tho

    2013-01-01

    This SpringerBriefs is an overview of the emerging field of wireless access and mobile network virtualization. It provides a clear and relevant picture of the current virtualization trends in wireless technologies by summarizing and comparing different architectures, techniques and technologies applicable to a future virtualized wireless network infrastructure. The readers are exposed to a short walkthrough of the future Internet initiative and network virtualization technologies in order to understand the potential role of wireless virtualization in the broader context of next-generation ubiq

  20. Virtual marketing in virtual enterprises

    Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Fattahi, Hamaid Ali; Golnam, Arash

    2008-01-01

    Virtualization caused tremendous evolution in the economics of marketing channels, patterns of physical distribution and the structure of distributors and developed a new concept that is known as virtual marketing (VM). VM combines the powerful technologies of interactive marketing and virtual reality. Virtual enterprise (VE) refers to an organization not having a clear physical locus. In other words, VE is an organization distributed geographically and whose work is coordinated through e...

  1. Virtual projects

    Svejvig, Per; Commisso, Trine Hald

    2012-01-01

    Virtual projects are common with global competition, market development, and not least the financial crisis forcing organizations to reduce their costs drastically. Organizations therefore have to place high importance on ways to carry out virtual projects and consider appropriate practices for p...... overall implications for research and practice are to acknowledge virtual project management as very different to traditional project management and to address this difference.......Virtual projects are common with global competition, market development, and not least the financial crisis forcing organizations to reduce their costs drastically. Organizations therefore have to place high importance on ways to carry out virtual projects and consider appropriate practices for...... performing these projects. This paper compares best practices with practiced practices for virtual projects and discusses ways to bridge the gap between them. We have studied eleven virtual projects in five Danish organizations and compared them with a predefined list of best practices compiled from the...

  2. Virtual Reflexes

    Jonker, Catholijn; Broekens, Joost; Plaat, Aske

    2014-01-01

    Virtual Reality is used successfully to treat people for regular phobias. A new challenge is to develop Virtual Reality Exposure Training for social skills. Virtual actors in such systems have to show appropriate social behavior including emotions, gaze, and keeping distance. The behavior must be realistic and real-time. Current approaches consist of four steps: 1) trainee social signal detection, 2) cognitive-affective interpretation, 3) determination of the appropriate bodily responses, and...

  3. EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE

    PEI-LUN KAO

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Vygotsky‟s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000. Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different factors involved. To achieve this, this literature review aims to explore the central concepts of sociocultural theories and how such perspectives assist researchers in examining the interaction involved in the field of second language research.

  4. Telocyte's contacts.

    Faussone-Pellegrini, Maria-Simonetta; Gherghiceanu, Mihaela

    2016-07-01

    Telocytes (TC) are an interstitial cell type located in the connective tissue of many organs of humans and laboratory mammals. By means of homocellular contacts, TC build a scaffold whose meshes integrity and continuity are guaranteed by those contacts having a mechanical function; those contacts acting as sites of intercellular communication allow exchanging information and spreading signals. Heterocellular contacts between TC and a great variety of cell types give origin to mixed networks. TC, by means of all these types of contacts, their interaction with the extracellular matrix and their vicinity to nerve endings, are part of an integrated system playing tissue/organ-specific roles. PMID:26826524

  5. Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds

    Boehler, Ted

    2006-12-01

    Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds Coastline Community College has under development several virtual lab simulations and activities that range from biology, to language labs, to virtual discussion environments. Imagine a virtual world that students enter online, by logging onto their computer from home or anywhere they have web access. Upon entering this world they select a personalized identity represented by a digitized character (avatar) that can freely move about, interact with the environment, and communicate with other characters. In these virtual worlds, buildings, gathering places, conference rooms, labs, science rooms, and a variety of other “real world” elements are evident. When characters move about and encounter other people (players) they may freely communicate. They can examine things, manipulate objects, read signs, watch video clips, hear sounds, and jump to other locations. Goals of critical thinking, social interaction, peer collaboration, group support, and enhanced learning can be achieved in surprising new ways with this innovative approach to peer-to-peer communication in a virtual discussion world. In this presentation, short demos will be given of several online learning environments including a virtual biology lab, a marine science module, a Spanish lab, and a virtual discussion world. Coastline College has been a leader in the development of distance learning and media-based education for nearly 30 years and currently offers courses through PDA, Internet, DVD, CD-ROM, TV, and Videoconferencing technologies. Its distance learning program serves over 20,000 students every year. sponsor Jerry Meisner

  6. Sociocultural Learning Theory in Practice: Implications for Athletic Training Educators

    Peer, Kimberly S.; McClendon, Ronald C.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To discuss cognitive and sociocultural learning theory literature related to athletic training instructional and evaluation strategies while providing support for the application of these practices in the didactic and clinical components of athletic training education programs.

  7. SOCIO-CULTURAL AND GEOPOLITICAL RISKS IN MODERN SOCIETY

    YASKEVICH JA.S.

    2015-01-01

    The specifics of political and socio-cultural risks in the context of globalization is revealed, the formation factors of geopolitical and local risks are described and the content models of contemporary geopolitical scenarios are analyzed.

  8. AN INDIVIDUAL’S GENDER EXPERIENCE: SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT

    Larysa Zahrai

    2015-01-01

    The article highlights gender experience development in an individual. The socio-cultural context of gender identity development is addressed from the perspective of social constructivism. The author describes the mechanism of constructing gender schemas and norms which reflect socio-cultural experience. Drawing on poststructuralist ideas, the author explores cultural texts which encode assumptions and concepts that serve as schemas for perceiving and understanding reality, for reflecting the...

  9. Sociocultural approaches to trajectories of youth at risk

    Musaeus, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Sociocultural approaches to children and youth at risk are lacking. This paper presentation uses the notion of recognition and trajectory of participation in order to explain the participation of youth at risk while at residential care......Sociocultural approaches to children and youth at risk are lacking. This paper presentation uses the notion of recognition and trajectory of participation in order to explain the participation of youth at risk while at residential care...

  10. Socioeducational assistance - assumption for qualitative manager of sociocultural diversity

    Gorlanova, Julija

    2008-01-01

    The research of competence of specialists working in a field of social and cultural diversity was made in Lithuania and Ukraine. We have used the questionnaire of European Council (The Research of European Council concerning Teacher Training and Diversity) in our research. The aim of the research was: to reveal the level of management of sociocultural diversity of Lithuanian and Ukrainian socioeducational assistants. The results of researches where described from the contexts of sociocultural...

  11. Mental Health and Sociocultural Determinants in an Asian Indian Community

    Roberts, Lisa R.; Mann, Semran K.; Montgomery, Susanne B.

    2016-01-01

    In a US population of adult male and female Sikh immigrant participants (N = 350), we explored sociocultural factors related to depression, giving participants a choice between English or Punjabi surveys. Language preference pointed to a subgroup with higher levels of depression and lower satisfaction with life. Underreporting of depression suggests a general reluctance to discuss depression. While multiple sociocultural variables were associated with depression bivariably, multivariate analy...

  12. Virtual Exploratories

    Jensen, Sisse Siggaard

    2006-01-01

    -systems, the paper introduces the designing strategy referred to as virtual exploratories. Some of the advanced virtual worlds may inspire the design of such provoking and challenging virtual exploratories, and especially the Massively Multi-User Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGS). However, if we have to...... pursued in an ongoing empirical research project ‘Actors and Avatars Communicating in Virtual Worlds’ [1]. This paper presents some of the preliminary findings that exemplify this ongoing empirical research and the methodological approach is briefly introduced......) are introduced. [1] The research project: Actors and Avatars Communicating in Virtual Worlds – an Empirical Analysis of Actors’ Sense-making Strategies When Based on a Communication Theoretical Approach’ (2006...

  13. A Virtual Tour of Virtual Schools.

    Joiner, Lottie L.

    2002-01-01

    Briefly describes the eight virtual schools in the United States: Kentucky Virtual High School; Illinois Virtual High School; Florida Virtual School; CCS Web Academy in Fayetteville, North Carolina; The Virtual High School in Hudson, Massachusetts; Basehor-Linwood Virtual Charter School in Kansas; Monte Vista Online Academy in Colorado; and…

  14. Virtual Reality

    Dan L. Lacrãmã

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on the presentation of Virtual Reality principles together with the main implementation methods and techniques. An overview of the main development directions is included.

  15. Virtual Workshop

    Buus, Lillian; Bygholm, Ann

    In relation to the Tutor course in the Mediterranean Virtual University (MVU) project, a virtual workshop “Getting experiences with different synchronous communication media, collaboration, and group work” was held with all partner institutions in January 2006. More than 25 key-tutors within MVU...... participated from different institutions in the workshop. The result of the workshop was experiences with different communication tools and media. Facing the difficulties and possibilities in collaborateting virtually concerned around group work and development of a shared presentation. All based on getting...... experiences for the learning design of MVU courses. The workshop intented to give the participants the possibility to draw their own experiences with issues on computer supported collaboration, group work in a virtual environment, synchronous and asynchronous communication media, and different perspectives...

  16. Virtual Savannah

    Eskildsen, Søren; Rodil, Kasper; Rehm, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    It is a daunting task to visualize square kilometers of African savannah and currently in zoos it is impossible to present true African ecology to visitors. Virtual Savannah is a dynamic virtual world that introduces school children to a 3D representation of the wildlife sanctuaries Serengeti and...... navigation. The test depicted how they managed to search the virtual world for answers in patterns related to restrictions in the system and using graphical points of interest as reference points. Collecting information about the complete interaction provides teachers with a tool to assess the individual...... Masai Mara. The objective is to substitute supplementary textual information currently used in schools and provide the teacher with information about each pupil. The Virtual Savannah was tested in situ on 19 pupils age 10-11 with the purpose of logging all interaction with animals, GUI and the...

  17. Virtual data

    Bjorklund, E.

    1993-11-01

    In the 1970`s, when computers were memory limited, operating system designers created the concept of ``virtual memory`` which gave users the ability to address more memory than physically existed. In the 1990s, many large control systems have the potential for becoming data limited. We propose that many of the principles behind virtual memory systems (working sets, locality, caching, and clustering) can also be applied to data-limited systems - creating, in effect, ``virtual data systems.`` At the Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), we have applied these principles to a moderately sized (10,000 data points) data acquisition and control system. To test the principles, we measured the system`s performance during tune-up, production, and maintenance periods. In this paper, we present a general discussion of the principles of a virtual data system along with some discussion of our own implementation and the results of our performance measurements.

  18. Virtual Colonoscopy

    ... Node Mapping for Breast Cancer Staging Image-Guided Brain Surgery Imaging Clinical Trials Basics Patient Information Virtual Colonoscopy Print ... Colonoscopy fact sheet from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Advantages of ...

  19. Virtual polytopes

    Panina, G. Yu; Streinu, I.

    2015-12-01

    Originating in diverse branches of mathematics, from polytope algebra and toric varieties to the theory of stressed graphs, virtual polytopes represent a natural algebraic generalization of convex polytopes. Introduced as elements of the Grothendieck group associated to the semigroup of convex polytopes, they admit a variety of geometrizations. The present survey connects the theory of virtual polytopes with other geometrical subjects, describes a series of geometrizations together with relations between them, and gives a selection of applications. Bibliography: 50 titles.

  20. Dynamic Virtual Credit Card Numbers

    Molloy, Ian; Li, Jiangtao; Li, Ninghui

    Theft of stored credit card information is an increasing threat to e-commerce. We propose a dynamic virtual credit card number scheme that reduces the damage caused by stolen credit card numbers. A user can use an existing credit card account to generate multiple virtual credit card numbers that are either usable for a single transaction or are tied with a particular merchant. We call the scheme dynamic because the virtual credit card numbers can be generated without online contact with the credit card issuers. These numbers can be processed without changing any of the infrastructure currently in place; the only changes will be at the end points, namely, the card users and the card issuers. We analyze the security requirements for dynamic virtual credit card numbers, discuss the design space, propose a scheme using HMAC, and prove its security under the assumption the underlying function is a PRF.

  1. The Role of Cognitive Apprenticeship in Learning Science in a Virtual World

    Ramdass, Darshanand

    2012-01-01

    This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, "Science games and the development of possible selves". In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on…

  2. An Activity Theory Approach to Analyze Barriers to a Virtual Management Information Systems (MIS) Curriculum

    Jaradat, Suhair; Qablan, Ahmad; Barham, Areej

    2011-01-01

    This paper explains how the activity theory is used as a framework to analyze the barriers to a virtual Management Information Stream (MIS) Curriculum in Jordanian schools, from both the sociocultural and pedagogical perspectives. Taking the activity system as a unit of analysis, this study documents the processes by which activities shape and are…

  3. Intelligent virtual interfaces for telerobotics

    Grinstein, Georges G.; Maybury, Mark T.; Mitchell, Richard B.

    1992-11-01

    One promise of telerobotics is the ability to interact in environments that are distant (e.g., deep sea or deep space), dangerous (e.g., nuclear, chemical, or biological environments), or inaccessible by humans for political or legal reasons. A key component to such interactions are sophisticated human-computer interfaces that can replicate sufficient information about a local environment to permit remote navigation and manipulation. This environment replication can, in part, be provided by technologies such as virtual reality. In addition, however, telerobotic interfaces may need to enhance human-machine interaction to assist users in task performance, for example, governing motion or manipulation controls to avoid obstacles or to restrict interaction with certain objects (e.g., avoiding contact with a live mine or a deep sea treasure). Thus, effective interactions within remote environments require intelligent virtual interfaces to telerobotic devices. In part to address this problem, MITRE is investigating virtual reality architectures that will enable enhanced interaction within virtual environments. Key components to intelligent virtual interfaces include spoken language processing, gesture recognition algorithms, and more generally, task recognition. In addition, these interfaces will eventually have to take into account properties of the user, the task, and discourse context to be more adaptive to the current situation at hand. While our work has not yet investigated the connection of virtual interfaces to external robotic devices, we have begun developing the key components for intelligent virtual interfaces for information and training systems.

  4. Contact dermatitis

    ... type. It can be by contact with acids, alkaline materials such as soaps and detergents , fabric softeners, ... dyes, and permanent wave solutions Nickel or other metals (found in jewelry, watch straps, metal zips, bra ...

  5. Helpful Contacts

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The data used to populate the Helpful Contacts database is available for public usage. This functionality is primarily used by health policy researchers and the...

  6. Contact problems

    Galin, Lev Aleksandrovich

    2008-01-01

    L.A. Galin's book on contact problems is a remarkable work. Actually there are two books: the first, published in 1953 deals with contact problems in the classical theory of elasticity; this is the one that was translated into English in 1961. The second book, published in 1980, included the first, and then had new sections on contact problems for viscoelastic materials, and rough contact problems; this section has not previously been translated into English. In this new translation, the original text and the mathematical analysis have been completely revised, new material has been added, and the material appearing in the 1980 Russian translation has been completely rewritten. In addition there are three essays by students of Galin, bringing the analysis up to date.

  7. Factors Affecting the Implementation of Policy 2450, Distance Education and the West Virginia Virtual School, as Perceived by Principals/Assistant Principals, Counselors, and Distance Learning Contacts and/or Course Facilitators

    Burdette, Keith R.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the factors important to the implementation of West Virginia Board of Education Policy 2450, Distance Learning and the West Virginia Virtual School. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that facilitated and impeded implementation of the policy, as perceived by principals/assistant principals, counselors, and…

  8. Virtual Violence.

    2016-08-01

    In the United States, exposure to media violence is becoming an inescapable component of children's lives. With the rise in new technologies, such as tablets and new gaming platforms, children and adolescents increasingly are exposed to what is known as "virtual violence." This form of violence is not experienced physically; rather, it is experienced in realistic ways via new technology and ever more intense and realistic games. The American Academy of Pediatrics continues to be concerned about children's exposure to virtual violence and the effect it has on their overall health and well-being. This policy statement aims to summarize the current state of scientific knowledge regarding the effects of virtual violence on children's attitudes and behaviors and to make specific recommendations for pediatricians, parents, industry, and policy makers. PMID:27432848

  9. Virtual materiality

    Søndergaard, Dorte Marie

    There are two questions that feed the curiosity of this paper: a theoretical question connected to the conceptualization of materiality across the real/virtual divide and an empirical question connected to the understanding of virtual experiences in children’s lives when studied in relation to...... recounts of them and 3. the consumption of other media products like movies, reality shows, YouTube videos etc. How do we theorize ‘matter’ in such dimensions? Is it possible to theorize virtual matter as ‘materiality’ in line with any real life materiality? What conceptualization will help us understand...... is a field that begs for new theorizing and new analytical tools. (Søndergaard 2008, 2009a) It is a field that deals with children’s individual and collective processes of becoming, of materializing and of entering in and as agentic part(ner)s of the human and non-human world. But current theoretical...

  10. Virtual Touch

    Stenslie, Ståle

    psychophysically-contextualized work of art The main results and applications of the study are firstly that haptic technologies bridge the gap between the real (corporeal) and the virtual (immaterial) world, supporting the assumption that the distinction between the ‘virtual’ and the ‘real’ is not convincing in...... sensory resolution adds to the sense of being immersed in a physically ‘real’ virtual world. Important for future studies is the way my research indicates new possibilities of haptic expressions that can form general expressions to be used in future forms of haptic storytelling. Further the thesis...... Erotogod. The third chapter investigates the foundations of touch through a physiological and psychological approach. Chapter four presents an alternative haptic history of Virtual Realities through the presentation and discussion of several technological and artistic works that are computer-based. In...

  11. Virtual Tower

    The primary responsibility of an intrusion detection system (IDS) operator is to monitor the system, assess alarms, and summon and coordinate the response team when a threat is acknowledged. The tools currently provided to the operator are somewhat limited: monitors must be switched, keystrokes must be entered to call up intrusion sensor data, and communication with the response force must be maintained. The Virtual tower is an operator interface assembled from low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf hardware and software; it enables large amounts of data to be displayed in a virtual manner that provides instant recognition for the operator and increases assessment accuracy in alarm annunciator and control systems. This is accomplished by correlating and fusing the data into a 360-degree visual representation that employs color, auxiliary attributes, video, and directional audio to prompt the operator. The Virtual Tower would be a valuable low-cost enhancement to existing systems

  12. Participación sociocultural y desarrollo del pensamiento

    Mejía-Arauz, Rebeca

    1997-01-01

    El artículo presenta una recopilación de experiencias de estudio e investigación de la participación sociocultural como medio de desarrollo de procesos de pensamiento. El trabajo se fundamenta en una perspectiva de investigación de la dinámica sociocultural cognoscitiva, que trata de evidenciar la relación estrecha entre los procesos socioculturales cotidianos y el desarrollo de procesos cognoscitivos para incidir en ellos. Se incluye obra del pintor Dale Kaplan reproducida en blanco y negro....

  13. A sociocultural perspective on mediated activity in third grade science

    Reveles, John M.; Kelly, Gregory J.; Durán, Richard P.

    2007-02-01

    This ethnographic study of a third grade classroom examined elementary school science learning as a sociocultural accomplishment. The research focused on how a teacher helped his students acquire psychological tools for learning to think and engage in scientific practices as locally defined. Analyses of classroom discourse examined both how the teacher used mediational strategies to frame disciplinary knowledge in science as well as how students internalized and appropriated ways of knowing in science. The study documented and analyzed how students came to appropriate scientific knowledge as their own in an ongoing manner tied to their identities as student scientists. Implications for sociocultural theory in science education research are discussed.

  14. Mental Health and Sociocultural Determinants in an Asian Indian Community.

    Roberts, Lisa R; Mann, Semran K; Montgomery, Susanne B

    2016-01-01

    In a US population of adult male and female Sikh immigrant participants (N = 350), we explored sociocultural factors related to depression, giving participants a choice between English or Punjabi surveys. Language preference pointed to a subgroup with higher levels of depression and lower satisfaction with life. Underreporting of depression suggests a general reluctance to discuss depression. While multiple sociocultural variables were associated with depression bivariably, multivariate analysis identified negative religious coping and anxiety as unique predictors of depression. Community interventions should tap into the protective close-knit social fabric of this community as an opportunity to change the stigma of mental health. PMID:26605953

  15. THE MODERN VIEW ON THE ISSUE OF CIVIL AND SOCIO-CULTURAL ACTIVITY OF MODERN YOUTH

    Kalimullina, Оlga

    2011-01-01

    The article deals with aspects related to civil and socio-cultural activity of modern youth. The author tries to trace the main scientific and practical laws in civil and socio-cultural activities of youth.

  16. Students’ Socio-cultural Competence Development, Using English and Russian Phraseological Units

    Umit I. Kopzhasarova; Bakyt A. Beisenbaeva; Aiganym T. Kikimova

    2013-01-01

    The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural compe...

  17. THE DESIGNING OF THE SOCIO-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT TRAINING OF TEACHERS OF LIFE AT THE UNIVERSITY

    Алексей Александрович Михайлов; Ольга Николаевна Рябова

    2013-01-01

    PurposeThe subject of the study is socio-cultural environment. In the article considers the organization of the design of the sociocultural environment. The subject of the article is identify the designing of the socio-cultural environment training of the teachers of life at the university.MethodsTo achieve this goal using a range of methods: historical, analytical, comparative.ResultsSeparate aspects (scope) of the sociocultural environment: social, cultural, educational and training. The st...

  18. Virtual Classroom

    Christensen, Ove

    2013-01-01

    In the Scandinavian countries: Sweden, Norway and Denmark, the project GNU (Grænseoverskridende Nordisk Undervisning, i.e. Transnational Nordic Teaching) is experimenting with ways of conducting teaching across the borders in the elementary schools. The cloud classes are organised with one class ...... benefits in regard to learning and pedagogy with virtual classroom....

  19. Virtual Reality.

    Newby, Gregory B.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the current state of the art in virtual reality (VR), its historical background, and future possibilities. Highlights include applications in medicine, art and entertainment, science, business, and telerobotics; and VR for information science, including graphical display of bibliographic data, libraries and books, and cyberspace.…

  20. Virtual Labs.

    Russo, Ruth

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the potential of computers in teaching laboratories to spare the lives of animals; however, it is felt that in areas of physiology education, virtual labs are not as desirable a learning experience for advanced students as live animal labs. (Author/AIM)

  1. Virtual Expo

    2009-01-01

    The online version of the 2010 Shanghai Expo shows the future glory The 2010 Shanghai Expo is now open and letting visitors explore almost all its pavilions and exhib-its-virtually. The website for the World Expo launched on November 12,

  2. Virtual Savannah

    Rodil, Kasper; Eskildsen, Søren; Rehm, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Virtual Savannah is constructed to visualize parts of a curriculum, which the educational service at Aalborg Zoo has difficulties in teaching children visiting the zoo. It contains rich media like audio, text, video and picture galleries about African ecology, but some of this episodic information...

  3. Children's Sense of Agency in Preschool: A Sociocultural Investigation

    Hilppö, Jaakko; Lipponen, Lasse; Kumpulainen, Kristiina; Rainio, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This socioculturally informed study investigated children's sense of agency in relation to their everyday life in preschool. The empirical data comprised focus groups reflection situations wherein Finnish preschool children (n. 19, aged 6-7) reflected on their everyday life with the help of photographs and drawings they made. Building on a…

  4. Global Learning through the Lens of Vygotskian Sociocultural Theory

    Anh, Dang Thi Kim; Marginson, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Vygotsky saw mental and cultural development as "mediated" by artefacts, including tools and signs. He used his "genetic method" to investigate higher cognitive processes in historical context. These insights are foundational to sociocultural theory, which is widely used in education research. However, since Vygotsky, communicative globalization…

  5. Sociocultural Contexts of Time to First Sex among Hispanic Adolescents.

    Upchurch, Dawn M.; Aneshensel, Carol S.; Mudgal, Jyoti; McNeely, Clea Sucoff

    2001-01-01

    Examines the sociocultural influences on risk of first sex among Hispanic teens living in Los Angeles County. Hispanic teens living in low-density Hispanic neighborhoods have significantly higher risk of sex than do teens living in neighborhoods with higher levels of ambient hazards. Results highlight the importance of characterizing sociocultural…

  6. Education for Sustainable Development, Participation and Socio-Cultural Change

    Laessoe, Jeppe

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues for a historical and socio-cultural approach to participation as a key concept in a democratically oriented education for sustainable development (ESD). With three empirical examples from a non-formal educational setting, it demonstrates that even though a relatively open framework is provided for genuine participation, certain…

  7. The Relation between Sociocultural Theory and Teaching Methods

    杨帆

    2013-01-01

    Up to now, it has been learned so many theories about second language acquisition (SLA), namely behaviorism theo-ries, innatism theories, psychological theories, and interactionist theories. Among these theories the interactionist theories especial-ly Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is most in line with the real teaching philosophy.

  8. Research on Sociocultural Influences on Motivation and Learning, Volume 1.

    McInerney, Dennis M., Ed.; Van Etten, Shawn, Ed.

    This collection of papers explores sociocultural influences on motivation and learning across a broad range of settings and content areas. There are 16 papers in five sections. "Introduction" includes: (1) "Modern Education Needs Cross-Cultural Psychology" (Harry Triandis). Part 1, "The Motivation Context," includes: (2) "Beyond Dichotomous…

  9. Sociocultural Theory Revisited: What are the Educational Implications?

    Mehrdad Rezaee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Until recently, it was believed that to learn/teach another language, it is sufficient for a person to know the grammar of another language in detail, have a good command of its vocabulary, and be able to pronounce the words, phrases and sentences well. However, later it turned out not to be so easy since more important issues were discovered which made the learning/teaching of another language (SL/FL more challenging than what it was previously thought. These issues are the social and the cultural aspects of L2/FL, the combination of which makes the sociocultural aspects of language learning and teaching. This means that, the circumstances under which we live, together with the symbols, symbolic tools, and signs we use to mediate and regulate our relationships with others, and with ourselves which make sociocultural theory are important issues for learning L2/FL. Later, the three generations of psycholinguistics are provided, the third generation of which is sociocultural theory together with the important notions of each generation. Finally, three educational implications of sociocultural theory are provided.

  10. Towards a Sociocultural Understanding of Children's Voice

    Maybin, Janet

    2013-01-01

    While "voice" is frequently invoked in discussions of pupils' agency and empowerment, less attention has been paid to the dialogic dynamics of children's voices and the sociocultural features shaping their emergence. Drawing on linguistic ethnographic research involving recent recordings of 10- and 11-year-old children's…

  11. Socio-cultural space: the essence and structure

    ANANEVA ELENA PAVLOVNA

    2015-01-01

    The article gives a reflection of socio-cultural space by the modern methods of structural analysis. It presented the essence of social and cultural space and its characteristics. Social and cultural space is shown as a universal general philosophical category, which includes educational, moral and value, legal, religious, informational components.

  12. Digital Divide among Youth: Socio-Cultural Factors and Implications

    Parycek, Peter; Sachs, Michael; Schossbock, Judith

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine socio-cultural differences in internet use (Digital Divide) among 14-year-old Austrian pupils, in particular usage scenarios and research competences. It is based on a paper presented at the International Association for the Development of the Information Society e-Society conference, 10-13 March 2011, Spain…

  13. Raising Sociocultural Awareness through Contextual Analysis: Some Tools for Teachers

    McConachy, Troy

    2009-01-01

    Despite long-standing recognition of the importance of sociocultural context in meaning making, criticisms have been levelled at communicative language teaching (CLT) for failing to effectively address this at the level of classroom practice. In fact, it has been argued that the way CLT presents content reveals a fundamentally reductionist view of…

  14. Sociocultural Influences on Body Image Concerns of Young Chinese Males

    Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong

    2008-01-01

    This research assessed the extent to which sociocultural factors implicated in explanations of weight dissatisfaction among young Western females extend to sources of body image concern in emerging adult and adolescent males from the People's Republic of China. In Study 1, 219 Mainland Chinese male university students completed measures of stature…

  15. Contact Dermatitis

    ... resources Meet our partners Español Donate Diseases and treatments Acne and rosacea Bumps and growths Color problems Contagious skin diseases ... Contact dermatitis public SPOT Skin Cancer™ Diseases and treatments Acne and rosacea Bumps and growths Color problems Contagious skin diseases ...

  16. Modeling socio-cultural processes in network-centric environments

    Santos, Eunice E.; Santos, Eugene, Jr.; Korah, John; George, Riya; Gu, Qi; Kim, Keumjoo; Li, Deqing; Russell, Jacob; Subramanian, Suresh

    2012-05-01

    The major focus in the field of modeling & simulation for network centric environments has been on the physical layer while making simplifications for the human-in-the-loop. However, the human element has a big impact on the capabilities of network centric systems. Taking into account the socio-behavioral aspects of processes such as team building, group decision-making, etc. are critical to realistically modeling and analyzing system performance. Modeling socio-cultural processes is a challenge because of the complexity of the networks, dynamism in the physical and social layers, feedback loops and uncertainty in the modeling data. We propose an overarching framework to represent, model and analyze various socio-cultural processes within network centric environments. The key innovation in our methodology is to simultaneously model the dynamism in both the physical and social layers while providing functional mappings between them. We represent socio-cultural information such as friendships, professional relationships and temperament by leveraging the Culturally Infused Social Network (CISN) framework. The notion of intent is used to relate the underlying socio-cultural factors to observed behavior. We will model intent using Bayesian Knowledge Bases (BKBs), a probabilistic reasoning network, which can represent incomplete and uncertain socio-cultural information. We will leverage previous work on a network performance modeling framework called Network-Centric Operations Performance and Prediction (N-COPP) to incorporate dynamism in various aspects of the physical layer such as node mobility, transmission parameters, etc. We validate our framework by simulating a suitable scenario, incorporating relevant factors and providing analyses of the results.

  17. Virtual teams

    Sichrovský, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Virtual environment is part of the newly forming area, which is becoming more and more attractive for businesses to use its own potential. Even though it is a very dynamic issue, the goals of this work is providing a detailed description of the aspects of team work in these unusual conditions. The result is a material that not only summarizes the current knowledge, but try to move forward, including many practical views and experiences. The first part focuses on the general definition of ...

  18. Virtual impactor

    Yeh, Hsu-Chi; Chen, Bean T.; Cheng, Yung-Sung; Newton, George J.

    1988-08-30

    A virtual impactor having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency.

  19. Virtual Presenters: Towards Interactive Virtual Presentations

    Nijholt, A.; Cappellini, V.; Hemsley, J.

    2005-01-01

    We discuss having virtual presenters in virtual environments that present information to visitors of these environments. Some current research is surveyed and we will look in particular to our research in the context of a virtual meeting room where a virtual presenter uses speech, gestures, pointing

  20. Virtual Goods Recommendations in Virtual Worlds

    Kuan-Yu Chen; Hsiu-Yu Liao; Jyun-Hung Chen; Duen-Ren Liu

    2015-01-01

    Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable v...

  1. Virtual machines for virtual worlds

    Sanatinia, Amirali; Oliver, Iain Angus; Miller, Alan Henry David; Allison, Colin

    2012-01-01

    Multi User Virtual Worlds provide a simulated immersive 3D environment that is similar to the real world. Popular examples include Second Life and OpenSim. The multi-user nature of these simulations means that there are significant computational demands on the processes that render the different avatar-centric views of the world for each participant, which change with every movement or interaction each participant makes. Maintaining quality of experience can be difficult when the density of a...

  2. Sociocultural analysis for the proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

    In order to assess the potential or perceived sociocultural impact due to the construction and operation of the proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico, a discussion-type survey was conducted in August and September of 1979. During those two months four researchers conducted probing-type discussions with nearly 200 Carlsbad area residents. The results of those discussions were analyzed for inclusion in the WIPP Final Environmental Impact Statement. The impacts on sociocultural aspects perceived by the residents included both positive and negative impacts. The most frequently mentioned positive impacts were new jobs, increased activity in business sectors and the housing industry, and new residents to the area. Negative impacts included perceived inflation or price increases, strained services and community infrastructure, attraction of transient construction workers, safety and health risks, and unequal distribution of benefits and costs. 2 tables

  3. Forming engineers' sociocultural competence: Engineering ethics at tomsk polytechnic university

    Galanina, E.; Dulzon, A.; Schwab, A.

    2015-10-01

    The aim of the present research is to discuss Tomsk Polytechnic University in respect of forming engineers’ sociocultural competence and teaching engineering ethics. Today international standards of training engineers cover efficient communication skills, ability to understand societal and environment context, professional and ethical responsibility. This article deals with the problem of contradiction between the need to form engineers’ sociocultural competence in Russian higher education institutions in order to meet the requirements of international accreditation organizations and the real capabilities of existing engineering curricula. We have described ethics teaching experience of TPU, studied the engineering master programs of TPU to see how the planned results are achieved. We have also given our recommendations to alter the structure of TPU educational curricula, which can also be applied in other higher education institutions.

  4. Virtual Reality

    Bhavana Gupta

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available An artificial environment created with co mputer hardware and software and presented to the user in such a way that it appears and feels like a real environment. To "enter" a virtual reality, a user does special gloves, earphones, and goggles, all of which receive their input from the computer system. In this way, at least three of the five senses are controlled by the computer. In addition to feeding sensory input to the user, the devices also monitor the user's actions

  5. Socio-Cultural Stereotypes: Exploring Students’ Perceptions Regarding Social Issues

    Mayra Liliana Barrera Mora; Sandra Milena Cantor Trujillo

    2007-01-01

    This research started from the need of looking for ways to involve learners dynamically in classroom activities, including social issues. The study was developed with ten students (10) in tenth grade. It was carried out to explore tenth graders’ perceptions on gender, race and social class to report their socio-cultural stereotypes through the development of a project work called “Stereotyping our Culture” divided into three (3) workshops, where students dealt with different Colombian social ...

  6. Regulation of positive and negative emotion: Effects of sociocultural context

    KateriMcRae

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has demonstrated that the use of emotion regulation strategies can vary by sociocultural context. In a previous study, we reported changes in the use of two different emotion regulation strategies at an annual alternative cultural event, Burning Man (McRae, Heller, John, & Gross, 2011. In this sociocultural context, as compared to home, participants reported less use of expressive suppression (a strategy generally associated with maladaptive outcomes, and greater use of cognitive reappraisal (a strategy associated with adaptive outcomes. What remained unclear was whether these changes in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use were characterized by changes in the regulation of positive emotion, negative emotion, or both. We addressed this issue in the current study by asking Burning Man participants separate questions about positive and negative emotion. Using multiple datasets, we not only replicated our previous findings, but also found that the decreased use of suppression is primarily driven by reports of decreased suppression of positive emotion at Burning Man. By contrast, the reported increased use of reappraisal is not characterized by differential reappraisal of positive and negative emotion at Burning Man. Moreover, we observed novel individual differences in the magnitude of these effects. The contextual changes in self-reported suppression that we report are strongest for men and younger participants. For those who had previously attended Burning Man, we observed lower levels of self-reported suppression in both sociocultural contexts: Burning Man and home. These findings have implications for understanding the ways in which certain sociocultural contexts may decrease suppression, and possibly minimize its associated maladaptive effects.

  7. The specificity sociocultural mechanism of reproduction South Korean sociality

    Semenyuk, Igor

    2013-01-01

    The study examines some of the factors of socio-cultural mechanism, playback of South Korean society, namely: social values, mentality, business etiquette and language of business communication. It is proved that South Korean society hierarchical and authoritarian. The increasing role of South Korean society in the development of the globalization of world coordinates, causing interest in the mechanisms of reproduction of social and cultural component of South Korean society, which is today a...

  8. Comparing sociocultural features of cholera in three endemic African settings

    Schaetti, Christian; Sundaram, Neisha; Merten, Sonja; Ali, Said M; Nyambedha, Erick O; Lapika, Bruno; Chaignat, Claire-Lise; Hutubessy, Raymond; Weiss, Mitchell G.

    2013-01-01

    Background Cholera mainly affects developing countries where safe water supply and sanitation infrastructure are often rudimentary. Sub-Saharan Africa is a cholera hotspot. Effective cholera control requires not only a professional assessment, but also consideration of community-based priorities. The present work compares local sociocultural features of endemic cholera in urban and rural sites from three field studies in southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (SE-DRC), western Kenya and Za...

  9. Religion as Dialogical Resource: A Socio-cultural Approach

    Baucal, Aleksandar; Zittoun, Tania

    2014-01-01

    William James proposed a psychological study of religion examining people’s religious experiences, and to see in what sense these were good for them. The recent developments of psychology of religion moved far from that initial proposition. In this paper, we propose a sociocultural perspective to religion that renews with that initial stance. After recalling Vygtotsky’s core ideas, we suggest that religion, as cultural and symbolic system, participates to the orchestration of human activities...

  10. The Chinese Experience of Rapid Modernization: Sociocultural Changes, Psychological Consequences?

    Sun, Jiahong; Andrew G Ryder

    2016-01-01

    Mainland China has undergone profound changes dating back to the nineteenth century, including a contemporary period of rapid modernization that began in the 1980s. The result has been dramatic social, cultural, and economic shifts impacting the daily lives of Chinese people. In this paper, we explore the psychological implications of sociocultural transformation in China, emphasizing two central themes. First, rising individualism: findings from social and developmental psychology suggest th...

  11. The Chinese experience of rapid modernization: sociocultural changes, psychological consequences?

    Jiahong eSun; Andrew eRyder

    2016-01-01

    Mainland China has undergone profound changes dating back to the nineteenth century, including a contemporary period of rapid modernization that began in the 1980s. The result has been dramatic social, cultural, and economic shifts impacting the daily lives of Chinese people. In this paper, we explore the psychological implications of sociocultural transformation in China, emphasizing two central themes. First, rising individualism: findings from social and developmental psychology suggest th...

  12. Life-Course : A Socio-Cultural Perspective

    Zittoun, Tania

    2014-01-01

    This chapter characterizes a socio-cultural psychology of the life-course, and shows how it differs from other approaches of the life-course. General principles for such a psychology are highlighted, and a particular attention to ruptures, transitions, and the processes these involve, is proposed. Such a basic “grammar” enables us to highlight a few dynamics of development; empirical situations chosen along typical life-courses exemplify them. Issues to be further examined can thus be highlig...

  13. Fostering designers' visual practices through a sociocultural approach

    Jefferies, Emma

    2010-01-01

    This thesis puts forward a sociocultural approach to the learning of visual practices for designers and suggests communication tools to help educators and students to engage with practice. It is concerned with the question of how designers’ visual practices are developed and fostered. From prior research in this area it was assumed that designers learn through a linguistic visual literacy approach or, at best, through a critique-based process. However, this study found that learning happens t...

  14. Control, conflict, and motivation in socio-cultural context.

    Saleem, Ahmad Nadeem

    1998-01-01

    The central argument of this thesis is that unlike in the West, organizational behavior in the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent is, predominantly, not a function of work/task related imperatives but largely determined by the broader socio-cultural context, norms and values of the respective societies. Based on extensive interviews and participant and nonparticipant observation in the Middle East and sub-continent, and content analysis of media reports and lìterature, the effects of...

  15. Socio-cultural impacts of tourism: a hosts perspective

    White, Tracey

    2006-01-01

    There exists a growing body of literature on economic and environmental impacts in developing countries, yet in the area of the effects of tourism on society and culture, the literature is till limited. Furthermore, the little research which has been undertaken which focuses upon developing countries, often assumes a Western perspective. Therefore the purpose of this study was to examine the socio-cultural impacts of tourism in a destination context and from a host perspective. The study tou...

  16. SYSTEMS AND SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACHES TO THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE

    Sukhoverkhov A. V.

    2015-01-01

    The article shows the distinctive features of biological and cognitive approaches to the study of the origin and evolution of language. Their advantages in understanding and explaining of the individual foundations of language faculty are considered. The study shows that these approaches do not take into account the socio-cultural and supra-individual nature of language and its close evolutionary and functional relation with communication in nature and society. The paper argues that the aim o...

  17. Strategies for Creating New Business, a Sociocultural and Institutional Approach

    VARGAS-HERNANDEZ, Jose G.

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to summarize the main theories from socio-cultural or institutional approach to encourage the creation of new businesses. Given this context, it raised the importance of theoretical study of the factors that influence decision making in the development of new businesses and how it affects the environment in which they operate the same business. The research method used was to review the existing literature by analyzing the major theories involved in the creation of companies, ...

  18. Hosts' perception of economic and socio-cultural tourism impacts

    Kamšek, David; Milfelner, Borut; Ogorelc, Anton

    2015-01-01

    Analyzing tourism perceptions of host communities and residentsʼ attitudes toward tourism development has been gaining increasing attention in the tourism research. This paper examines how residents perceive positive and negative economic and socio-cultural impacts of tourism. The authors identify several differences between two groups of respondents: residents employed in tourism and other residents. The study provides tourism planners with useful information concerning specific elements ass...

  19. Sociocultural Factors and Bureaucratic Practices in Universities in Ghana

    SOLOMON KOFI AMOAH; STEPHEN AFRANIE

    2014-01-01

    Max Weber, one of the pioneers in bureaucratic organisational studies believes in the ultimate triumph of bureaucracy over the collegial culture of universities. This paper argues that rather than ultimate triumph of bureaucracy over the collegial culture of universities (Weber 1947), the interests of universities would be better served when the bureaucratic culture is designed to accommodate some core socio-cultural expectations of organizational members, without compromising productivity.  ...

  20. The Socio-Cultural Functions of Kazakh Kinship Terms

    Muldagaliyeva A. A.; Gumarova Sh. B.; Issabayeva B. K.; Zhirenshina K. A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a study of the Kazakh kinship structure, classification and the socio-cultural functions of the Kazakh kinship terms. The Kazakhs have developed at first glance very complex and many branched kinship bonds with the moral codes, family relationship etiquette, the patterns of rights , duties and responsibilities thus being one of the strongest binding forces. The first and foremost principle of the Kazakh kinship system is the principle of “the seven ancestors”...

  1. Socio-Cultural Factors and Intention towards Sustainable Entrepreneurship

    Wei-Loon KOE

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to rectify environmental degradation, government has encouraged sustainable management among businesses. In addition, researchers have also suggested a new breed of study called “sustainable entrepreneurship”, which links sustainability management to entrepreneurial activities. However, the participation of entrepreneurial firms in sustainability management is still far from satisfactory. Past studies also have found that SMEs are less active in sustainabilty initiatives and many issues related to the intention of firms for sustainability entrepreneurship is still unanswered. Therefore, this study was carried out to examine the influence of socio-cultural factors on intention towards sustainable entrepreneurship among SMEs. A total of 404 SMEs in Malaysia were surveyed by using questionnaire. Based on the statistical analyses performed, this study found that three socio-cultural factors, namely time orientation, sustainability orientation and social norm significantly influenced intention towards sustainable entrepreneurship among SMEs. Thus, in order to develop true sustainable entrepreneurs in the country, the effects of non-economic factors such as socio-cultural factors should not be underestimated. Lastly, some recommendations for future researchers have also been put forth in this paper.

  2. The Chinese Experience of Rapid Modernization: Sociocultural Changes, Psychological Consequences?

    Sun, Jiahong; Ryder, Andrew G

    2016-01-01

    Mainland China has undergone profound changes dating back to the nineteenth century, including a contemporary period of rapid modernization that began in the 1980s. The result has been dramatic social, cultural, and economic shifts impacting the daily lives of Chinese people. In this paper, we explore the psychological implications of sociocultural transformation in China, emphasizing two central themes. First, rising individualism: findings from social and developmental psychology suggest that China's rapid development has been accompanied by ever-increasing adherence to individualistic values. Second, rising rates of depression: findings from psychiatric epidemiology point to increasing prevalence of depression over this same time period, particularly in rural settings. We argue that links between sociocultural and psychological shifts in China can be usefully studied through a cultural psychology lens, emphasizing the mutual constitution of culture, mind, and brain. In particular, we note that the link between social change, individualism, and rising mental illness deserves careful attention. Our review suggests that shifting values and socialization practices shape emotion norms of concealment and display, with implications for depressive symptom presentation. The challenge comes with interpretation. Increasing prevalence rates of depression may indeed be a general response to the rapidity of sociocultural change, or a specific consequence of rising individualism-but may also result from increasingly 'Western' patterns of symptom presentation, or improvements in diagnostic practice. We conclude by considering the challenges posed to standard universal models of psychological phenomena. PMID:27092093

  3. Sociocultural Factors and Bureaucratic Practices in Universities in Ghana

    SOLOMON KOFI AMOAH

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Max Weber, one of the pioneers in bureaucratic organisational studies believes in the ultimate triumph of bureaucracy over the collegial culture of universities. This paper argues that rather than ultimate triumph of bureaucracy over the collegial culture of universities (Weber 1947, the interests of universities would be better served when the bureaucratic culture is designed to accommodate some core socio-cultural expectations of organizational members, without compromising productivity.  The research examined the implications of some selected sociocultural factors for bureaucratic practices in selected universities in Ghana through a mix method approach. The findings show that, the authority structures of the two universities typify the Weberian Ideal type bureaucracy with   hierarchical culture and standardized rules and procedures for carrying out every task. This notwithstanding, the societal culture was found to be influential in shaping the bureaucratic behaviour and conducts of organizations’ members. The paper aims at bringing to the fore the strength of the informal structures in reshaping bureaucratic culture and work behaviour, and the need to consider socio-cultural contexts in designing bureaucratic organizations.

  4. Bonobo habituation in a forest-savanna mosaic habitat: influence of ape species, habitat type, and sociocultural context.

    Narat, Victor; Pennec, Flora; Simmen, Bruno; Ngawolo, Jean Christophe Bokika; Krief, Sabrina

    2015-10-01

    Habituation is the term used to describe acceptance by wild animals of a human observer as a neutral element in their environment. Among primates, the process takes from a few days for Galago spp. to several years for African apes. There are also intraspecies differences reflecting differences in habitat, home range, and ape-human relationship history. Here, we present the first study of the process of bonobo habituation in a fragmented habitat, a forest-savanna mosaic in the community-based conservation area led by the Congolese nongovernmental organization Mbou-Mon-Tour, Democratic Republic of the Congo. In this area, local people use the forest almost every day for traditional activities but avoid bonobos because of a traditional taboo. Because very few flight reactions were observed during habituation, we focused on quantitative parameters to assess the development of ape tolerance and of the tracking efficiency of observer teams. During the 18-month study period (May 2012-October 2013), 4043 h (319 days) were spent in the forest and bonobos were observed for a total of 405 h (196 contacts on 134 days). The average contact duration was stable over time (124 min), but the minimal distance during a contact decreased with habituation effort. Moreover, bonobo location and tracking efficiency, daily ratio of contact time to habituation effort, and the number of observations at ground level were positively correlated with habituation effort. Our observations suggest that bonobos become habituated relatively rapidly. These results are discussed in relation to the habitat type, ape species, and the local sociocultural context of villagers. The habituation process involves changes in ape behavior toward observers and also more complex interactions concerning the ecosystem, including the building of an efficient local team. Before starting a habituation process, knowledge of the human sociocultural context is essential to assess the balance between risks and benefits

  5. Solute Transport Across a Contact Interface in Deformable Porous Media

    Ateshian, Gerard A.; Maas, Steve; Weiss, Jeffrey A.

    2012-01-01

    A finite element formulation of neutral solute transport across a contact interface between deformable porous media is implemented and validated against analytical solutions. By reducing the integral statements of external virtual work on the two contacting surfaces into a single contact integral, the algorithm automatically enforces continuity of solute molar flux across the contact interface, whereas continuity of the effective solute concentration (a measure of the solute mechano-chemical ...

  6. COLONOSCOPIA VIRTUAL

    Manuel Fernández A

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde la primera publicación sobre colonoscopía virtual o colonografía por tomografía computada (TC esta técnica ha tenido un explosivo crecimiento especialmente dado por el desarrollo en el hardware, específicamente por la introducción de la TC multicorte que ha permitido obtener mejores imágenes gracias a la mayor velocidad que ha obviado los artefactos dados por el movimiento respiratorio y el peristaltismo intestinal. Otro factor importante en su desarrollo ha sido el gran avance en los programas computacionales (software que han automatizado la técnica obteniendo recons-trucciones 3D de mejor calidad y en menor tiempo. El notable desarrollo tecnológico sumado a la estandarización de la técnica y la mayor experiencia lograda en diferentes centros ha hecho que en la actualidad la sensibilidad y especificidad de la colonografía sobrepasen el 85 y 95% para los pólipos menores y mayores de 1 cm, respectivamente. Todo esto, sumado a la estandarización de la técnica ha llevado a posicionarla como una alternativa válida y en estrecha competencia con la fibrocolonoscopía en la pesquisa de los pólipos de colonSince the first report in 1994 virtual colonoscopy or CT colonography has had an explosive development due to the improvement in hardware and software. The multidetector CT has allowed faster studies with better images due to better multiplanar reconstructions and its speed avoiding the artifact of the breathing or bowel peristalsis. The new software has allowed to obtain better 3D images and faster reconstruction with shorter interpretation. This development, the use of standarized protocol plus the experience of trained radiologists have obtained sensitivity and specificity over 85% and 95% in polyps smaller and larger than 10 mm respectively. These results and the lower price of virtual colonoscopy in the United States compared with fibrocolonoscopy has done this technique a real alternative for the screening of colorectal

  7. Virtual World Security Inspection

    Nicholas Charles Patterson; Michael Hobbs

    2012-01-01

    Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many lega...

  8. Interpersonal Influence in Virtual Social Networks and Consumer Decisions

    Eduardo Botti Abbade

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the attitude of college students regarding to interpersonal influence in virtual social networks related to consume decisions. It was conducted a survey with 200 college students from an Institution of Higher Education located in Santa Maria/RS. The sample was obtained through voluntary adhesion and the data collection instrument was applied in a virtual environment. Scales were adapted to measure and evaluate the propensity of students to influence and be influenced by their virtual contacts. The results suggest that the scales adapted are satisfactory to measure what they intend to do. The study also found that men are more able to influence the opinions of their virtual social contacts. On the other hand, the time dedicated to access the Internet positively and significantly influences the propensity of users to be influenced by their virtual social contacts. The correlation between the ability to influence the propensity to be influenced is significant and positive.

  9. Virtual Laboratories

    Hut, P

    2006-01-01

    At the frontier of most areas in science, computer simulations play a central role. The traditional division of natural science into experimental and theoretical investigations is now completely outdated. Instead, theory, simulation, and experimentation form three equally essential aspects, each with its own unique flavor and challenges. Yet, education in computational science is still lagging far behind, and the number of text books in this area is minuscule compared to the many text books on theoretical and experimental science. As a result, many researchers still carry out simulations in a haphazard way, without properly setting up the computational equivalent of a well equipped laboratory. The art of creating such a virtual laboratory, while providing proper extensibility and documentation, is still in its infancy. A new approach is described here, Open Knowledge, as an extension of the notion of Open Source software. Besides open source code, manuals, and primers, an open knowledge project provides simul...

  10. Realidad virtual y materialidad

    Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel

    2009-01-01

    1. Fenomenología de partida: Real / Simbólico / Imaginario 2. Realidad 3. Virtual 3.1. Virtual / real / posible / probable 3.2. Los contextos de la realidad virtual A) REALIDAD VIRTUAL INMERSIVA B) REALIDAD VIRTUAL NO INMERSIVA C) REALIDAD VIRTUAL Y DIGITALIZACIÓN 3.3. Cruce virtual / real 3.4. Cuestiones filosóficas 4. Materialidad 5. Materialidad y descentramiento 5.1. Ejemplos de descentramiento en los contextos de Realidad Virtual A’) DUALISMO CARTESIANO, CUERPO Y «CIBORG » B’) EL ESPÍRIT...

  11. Virtual exploration

    Milwood-Hargrave, M.; Francis, A.M. (Ikon Geoscience, Twickenham, Middlesex (United Kingdom))

    1993-09-01

    With the now commonplace implementation of interactive interpretation workstations, the process of generating a time model for a prospect has been simplified and accelerated. This paper shows that for many structural traps, the critical interpretation steps are in subsequently generating a valid depth model, evaluating the depth structure, and being able to realistically assess confidence limits of the model. The development of a comprehensive velocity model is a key element of any depth conversion. Lateral velocity variations across an area are capable of generating structures where the time interpretation is flat. An example is shown in this paper, and the effect of altering the velocity field and the resulting changes to the structure are described. Forward and inverse modeling are used to show that the structure is more favorable than was first expected from the depth conversion. From this example, the idea of sensitivity testing of a number of simple structures is developed. A fully interactive ray trace modeling system integrated with an interpretation workstation allows different confidence limits to be rapidly tested and evaluated. By extending the model into the third dimension, specific scenarios can be constructed in three-dimension (3-D) and uncertainty limits tested on a complete reservoir. Further than this, the construction of type models in 3-D allows the concept of [open quotes]virtual exploration[close quotes] to be realized, whereby specific exploration concepts can be investigated and tested. The virtual exploration model, and its associated seismic data set, form an ideal educational, planning, and training tool for all levels of geophysicists and geologists.

  12. Students’ Socio-cultural Competence Development, Using English and Russian Phraseological Units

    Umit I. Kopzhasarova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural competence development. The set of exercises on socio-cultural competence development on the material of English and Russian phraseological units, developed by authors, include language and speech tasks; tasks based on project and creative research activity methods, which are the basis of development of the main socio-cultural skills that are necessary in intercultural communication

  13. Virtual Reality and the Virtual Library.

    Oppenheim, Charles

    1993-01-01

    Explains virtual reality, including proper and improper uses of the term, and suggests ways that libraries might be affected by it. Highlights include elements of virtual reality systems; possible virtual reality applications, including architecture, the chemical industry, transport planning, armed forces, and entertainment; and the virtual…

  14. Preparing towards Preventing and Containing an Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak: What Socio-cultural Practices May Affect Containment Efforts in Ghana?

    Adongo, Philip Baba; Tabong, Philip Teg-Nefaah; Asampong, Emmanuel; Ansong, Joana; Robalo, Magda; Adanu, Richard M.

    2016-01-01

    Background Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a condition with high fatality. Though the disease is deadly, taking precautions to reduce contact with infected people and their secretions can prevent cross- infection. In the 2014 EVD outbreak, socio-cultural factors were identified to be responsible for the spread of the disease in the three most affected countries in West Africa. In this light, we undertook this study to identify socio-cultural factors that may influence the prevention and containment of EVD in Ghana and ways to address such practices. Methods We conducted a descriptive qualitative study in five regions in Ghana. Twenty-five focus group discussions (5 in each region) with community members (4 in each region) and nurses (1 in each region) were conducted. In addition, forty (40) in-depth interviews were conducted with various stakeholders and opinion leaders; eight in each region. All interviews were recorded using a digital voice recorder and transcribed. With the aid of Nvivo 10 for windows, we analyzed the data using framework analysis. Results We found that socio-cultural practices, such as care of the body of dead and burial practices, widowhood rites and anointing children with water used to rinse the dead, were common. These practices require individuals coming into direct contact with either the dead or items used to take care of the dead. Social norms also require frequent handshakes in all social gatherings such as funeral, and religious congregations. We also found that self-medication (using herbs and orthodox medications) was a common practice. People use both biomedical and non-orthodox health outlets either simultaneously or in sequence in times of ill-health. Conclusion The study concludes that high risk socio-cultural practices were common among Ghanaians and generally perceived as indispensable. These high risk practices may hinder containment efforts in the event of an outbreak. Community leaders should be engaged in any social

  15. New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages

    Alegría Majluf

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.

  16. Socio-cultural insights and lymphatic filariasis control – lessons from the Pacific

    Wynd, Shona; Durrheim, David N.; Carron, Jaime; Selve, Billy; Chaine, JP; Leggat, Peter A; Melrose, Wayne

    2007-01-01

    Background Sustainable and equitable health programmes require a grounded understanding of the context in which they are being implemented. This socio-cultural understanding is pivotal for effective delivery of elimination programmes. Standardised valid methods are needed for gathering authentic socio-cultural insights. The currently recommended protocol for collecting Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) related socio-cultural data, while moving in the right direction, is inadequate. To collect data wh...

  17. New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages

    Alegría Majluf

    2003-01-01

    The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantages)and the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning a...

  18. Managing diversified firms through socio-cultural mechanisms: A focus on Korean Chaebols

    Lee, Ji-Hwan

    2007-01-01

    Based on theoretical considerations, this article investigates the socio-cultural mechanisms through which diversified firms are effectively managed without loss of control. Empirical results from extensive questionnaire surveys in Korea and the U.S. show that socio-cultural mechanisms such as shared values and corporate-level training were significantly and positively associated with divisional performance. In addition, sociocultural mechanisms appear to have unequal effects on the corporate...

  19. Health professionals’ experiences and perceptions of challenges of interprofessional collaboration: Socio-cultural influences of IPC

    Irajpour, Alireza; Alavi, Mousa

    2015-01-01

    Background: Literature shows that interprofessional collaboration (IPC) is a challenging phenomenon both in theory and practice, and it is affected by socio-cultural contexts in which the health professionals (HPs) play their roles. Considering some evidences on the similarities and differences between eastern and western socio-cultural contexts, this study aims to explore and describe the socio-cultural factors influencing IPC in these two contexts. Materials and Methods: This was a pilot qu...

  20. Microsoft Virtualization Master Microsoft Server, Desktop, Application, and Presentation Virtualization

    Olzak, Thomas; Boomer, Jason; Keefer, Robert M

    2010-01-01

    Microsoft Virtualization helps you understand and implement the latest virtualization strategies available with Microsoft products. This book focuses on: Server Virtualization, Desktop Virtualization, Application Virtualization, and Presentation Virtualization. Whether you are managing Hyper-V, implementing desktop virtualization, or even migrating virtual machines, this book is packed with coverage on all aspects of these processes. Written by a talented team of Microsoft MVPs, Microsoft Virtualization is the leading resource for a full installation, migration, or integration of virtual syste

  1. PLEs from virtual ethnography to social web

    Luis Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observación participante,la cual se realizó participando en comunidades virtuales y por medio de un blog y otrasherramientas 2.0. El resultado de la experiencia etnográfica es un modelo descriptivo dela web 2.0 basado en un Entorno Personal de Aprendizaje (PLE.

  2. SYSTEMS AND SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACHES TO THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE

    Sukhoverkhov A. V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the distinctive features of biological and cognitive approaches to the study of the origin and evolution of language. Their advantages in understanding and explaining of the individual foundations of language faculty are considered. The study shows that these approaches do not take into account the socio-cultural and supra-individual nature of language and its close evolutionary and functional relation with communication in nature and society. The paper argues that the aim of many researchers to find specific genes of language or special cognitive linguistic ‘modules’ are achievable only in part due to systems and social nature of language, which cannot be reduced to any individual innate or acquired abilities. Nevertheless, biological and cognitive foundations should not be excluded from the system analysis of the language and have to be studied in their integrity with other sign systems (mathematic, expressive means of art, writing system, non-verbal communication, etc.. The article also discusses new insights into the theory of evolution and their applicability to the study of the origin and development of language (in particular, the problem of gradualistic/abrupt emergence of language. It is argued that the question of the "abrupt", "punctuated" evolution of language cannot be "Darwin's problem", as a number of modern scholars believe. As an alternative to the evolution of language on the basis of "macromutations" it is offered the concept of socio-cultural evolution model based on an understanding of language as a supra-individual, sociocultural sign system that develops due to the cumulative nature of culture and plasticity of individual development

  3. A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety

    Rowley, Emma

    2011-01-01

    This edited volume of original chapters brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety

  4. Contexto sociocultural y alimentario de mujeres con embarazos de riesgo

    Reyna Sámano Sámano; Estela Godinez Martínez; Irma Romero Pérez; Georgina Sánchez Miranda; José Manuel Espíndola Polis; Mayra Lilia Chávez Courtois

    2014-01-01

    Para favorecer una alimentación correcta la orientación alimentaria debe considerar factores socioculturales que condicionen patrones y preferencias del consumo de alimentos propios de cada población. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el contexto sociocultural del embarazo y su alimentación en el ámbito doméstico, mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 6 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo bajo la técnica de saturación de la información. Las ...

  5. Socio-cultural context of eating disorders in Poland

    Pilecki, Maciej Wojciech; Sałapa, Kinga; Józefik, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    Background The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between sociocultural factors and clinical eating disorders during the intensive process of Westernisation in Poland that occurred after 1989. The study population included girls diagnosed with an eating disorder according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 47 anorexia nervosa restrictive type [ANR], n = 16 anorexia binge/purge type [ANBP], n = 34 bulimia nervosa [BN], n = 19 eating disorder not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) who received co...

  6. Epidemiología sociocultural: propuestas y posibilidades

    Eduardo L. Menéndez

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo describe y analiza procesos de divergencia, convergencia y complementación entre la epidemiología y la antropología médica, con el objetivo de fundamentar el desarrollo de la epidemiología sociocultural en México. Se examinan en particular aspectos donde se observan dificultades de articulación entre ambas disciplinas y que se refieren a la posibilidad de establecer generalizaciones, a las concepciones sobre prevención, a la confiabilidad de los datos cualitativos y ...

  7. The Impact of Tourism on the Sociocultural Structure of Cyprus

    2006-01-01

    This paper is based on evaluating tourism development in Cyprus, a European nation, and its impacts on the socio-cultural structure of the island. The principal concern of this research is aid in sustaining the resource base on which the tourism development in Cyprus depends on. The paper concludes that in spite of all the negative and positive impacts of tourism on Cyprus it is not yet clear whether the benefits outweigh the costs. The reason for this uncertainty is that most of the research...

  8. Sociocultural patterning of neural activity during self-reflection

    Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan; Wang, Chenbo;

    2014-01-01

    Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e., interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self......Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional MRI, we monitored neural......-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network....

  9. Almost contact 5-folds are contact

    Casals, Roger; Presas, Francisco

    2012-01-01

    We prove that every homotopy class of an almost contact structure on a closed 5-dimensional manifold with no 2-torsion in $H^2(M,\\Z)$ admits a contact structure. If there is 2-torsion, we prove that there is a contact structure with the same first Chern class as the given almost contact structure.

  10. 10 anys del Cicle Formatiu d'Animació Sociocultural: els Tècnics Superiors en Animació Sociocultural al mercat de treball de Catalunya

    Figueras Torruella, Pilar

    2009-01-01

    Después de diez años de implantación del Ciclo Formativo de Grado Superior de Animación Sociocultural (CFGS de ASC) se detecta que los Técnicos Superiores en Animación Sociocultural (TASOC) no se insertan laboralmente en la medida que seria de esperar, sobretodo si tenemos en cuenta los estudios de mercado que observan que la animación sociocultural es un nuevo filón de ocupación. Partimos de la pregunta: ¿qué factores son los que provocan la baja inserción laboral de los Animadores Sociocult...

  11. Lipstick Induced Contact Leucoderma

    Gupta Lalit Kumar; Jain Suresh Kumar; Khare Ashok Kumar

    2001-01-01

    Lipstick is a commonly used cosmetic. Its use may sometimes lead to contact dermatitis. Contact leucoderma to lipsticks however, is not common. We report a patient developing contact leucoderma to lipstick in association with contact dermatitis.

  12. Lipstick Induced Contact Leucoderma

    Gupta Lalit Kumar

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Lipstick is a commonly used cosmetic. Its use may sometimes lead to contact dermatitis. Contact leucoderma to lipsticks however, is not common. We report a patient developing contact leucoderma to lipstick in association with contact dermatitis.

  13. EDITORIAL: Close contact Close contact

    Demming, Anna

    2010-07-01

    The development of scanning probe techniques, such as scanning tunnelling microscopy [1], has often been touted as the catalyst for the surge in activity and progress in nanoscale science and technology. Images of nanoscale structural detail have served as an invaluable investigative resource and continue to fascinate with the fantastical reality of an intricate nether world existing all around us, but hidden from view of the naked eye by a disparity in scale. As is so often the case, the invention of the scanning tunnelling microscope heralded far more than just a useful new apparatus, it demonstrated the scope for exploiting the subtleties of electronic contact. The shrinking of electronic devices has been a driving force for research into molecular electronics, in which an understanding of the nature of electronic contact at junctions is crucial. In response, the number of experimental techniques in molecular electronics has increased rapidly in recent years. Scanning tunnelling microscopes have been used to study electron transfer through molecular films on a conducting substrate, and the need to monitor the contact force of scanning tunnelling electrodes led to the use of atomic force microscopy probes coated in a conducting layer as studied by Cui and colleagues in Arizona [2]. In this issue a collaboration of researchers at Delft University and Leiden University in the Netherlands report a new device architecture for the independent mechanical and electrostatic tuning of nanoscale charge transport, which will enable thorough studies of molecular transport in the future [3]. Scanning probes can also be used to pattern surfaces, such as through spatially-localized Suzuki and Heck reactions in chemical scanning probe lithography. Mechanistic aspects of spatially confined Suzuki and Heck chemistry are also reported in this issue by researchers in Oxford [4]. All these developments in molecular electronics fabrication and characterization provide alternative

  14. Simulador em Realidade Virtual para Aprendizagem da Física

    Santos, Luciano Filipe Oliveira Neves dos

    2013-01-01

    A forma como aprendemos depende do contexto tecnológico e sociocultural que nos rodeia, actualmente a inclusão de tecnologia recente na sala de aula não é mais considerada opcional, mas sim uma necessidade pois a forma como o aluno aprende está em constante evolução. Tendo em atenção esta necessidade, foi desenvolvido no decorrer desta tese um simulador em realidade virtual que utiliza comandos/interfaces hápticos. O objectivo deste simulador é ensinar conceitos de física de forma interact...

  15. HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER PROFESSIONAL CULTURE AS A SOCIOCULTURAL PHENOMENON

    E. V. Antonova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the questions of development of professional culture of teachers of high school in relation to social and cultural processes due to the expansion of ties between States, a deep understanding of the phenomenon of culture, the formation of a humanistic paradigm as the dominant socio-cultural process, intensification of integrative processes in science. University professors not only of professional actors responsible for the preparation of competent and marketable professionals, but also one of the most important socio-professional groups, active participants of the events in the country political, economic, sociocultural and scientific processes. The professional culture of a teacher is not created by itself. It manifests itself as the highest degree of professional competence development, complex system formation representing the totality of human values, professional values and personality traits, universal ways of cognition and technology teaching. In the modern sense of the professional culture of University teachers is one of socially significant indicators of literacy of a person, reflects the totality of its spiritual and material values, the degree of creative self-realization and actualization.

  16. Sociocultural influences on science and on science identities

    Guerra, Andreia; Rezende, Flavia

    2016-07-01

    Angela Chapman and Allan Feldman (2016) conducted a study that aimed to exam how a group of diverse urban high school students were affected by the participation in a contextually based authentic science experience. The analysis of all data led the authors to conclude that the experience of authentic science positively influenced the science identity of students and promoted a shift in perceptions from stereotypical to more diverse views of scientists. For the purpose of this forum paper, we concentrated on the unexpected results of Hispanic students in the IAS instrument. In the authors' interpretation, Hispanic students were classified as non science identities because they do not feel recognized as a particular kind of student in that school, being possibly more marginalized than other students. We tried to expand the discussion bringing the contribution of a sociocultural approach of science construction and of science identity to enrich some of the issues involved. Our concise analysis does not allow conclusions about the Hispanic students' results, but we believe it helped to understand sociocultural problems involved in their science identity and to reveal the inequality in science production as one of these problems.

  17. Sociocultural competence-oriented curriculum for engineering education in Russia

    Galanina Ekaterina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Presently engineering education standards undergo vast changes due to the need in preparing “global” engineers. In the 21st century engineering education needs to adapt to the rapidly changing technical and sociocultural context. This need requires engineering education institutions to alter curricula on a regular basis. Universities tend to change curricula to meet the requirements of employers, industry and society because today engineers need to possess knowledge and practical skills not only in technical issues, but they also need to be competent in economics, ethics and social communication etc. Incorporating the competence and module-based approach along with accrediting engineering curricula also contribute to the transformation of higher engineering education in Russia. This matter is topical because today an engineer needs to acquire certain social and humanitarian qualities and skills specified by the requirements of Russian and international certification and accreditation organizations for engineering education. We suggest incorporating modules in humanities and social sciences into the structure of engineering curricula to make the process of forming sociocultural competence in Russian higher education institutions more efficient.

  18. Human tooth bank: sociocultural profile of a group of donors

    Mariane Moreira Poletto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To survey the sociocultural profile of a specific group of individuals who donated teeth to the Human Tooth Bank of Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Methods: The research consisted of a questionnaire containing the following information about: Patient’s age, sex, occupation, education, reason for tooth loss and intention to replace the missing tooth by means of prosthesis or implant. The questionnaire was filled out by 50 patients after having the extraction procedure performed and donating the dental organ. The data were compiled and analyzed by means of descriptive and multivariate statistics. Results: The sociocultural profile of the donor was basically composed of individuals in the age group between 30 and 50 years, with educational level ranging from zero to nine or more years of formal schooling. Caries disease was the most frequent reason for tooth loss (36%, followed by periodontal disease (34%. Of the donors analyzed, more than half did not intend to replace the tooth. Furthermore, according to the multivariate analysis, the most relevant factors for assessing the profile of donors were the variables age, orthodontic indication, caries and periodontal disease. Conclusion: This information was shown to be relevant for structuring the oral health care services, as well as in the strategy for obtaining teeth from the Public Health Units.

  19. Contexto sociocultural y alimentario de mujeres con embarazos de riesgo

    Reyna Sámano Sámano

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Para favorecer una alimentación correcta la orientación alimentaria debe considerar factores socioculturales que condicionen patrones y preferencias del consumo de alimentos propios de cada población. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el contexto sociocultural del embarazo y su alimentación en el ámbito doméstico, mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 6 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo bajo la técnica de saturación de la información. Las entrevistas se transcribieron y analizaron de acuerdo a Bardín con ayuda del programa Atlas TI. Se identificó: incertidumbre por el embarazo no planeado y poco apoyo de la pareja; ciertos cambios en la alimentación para mejorar la salud; percepción de una mala y buena alimentación, aunque ésta no cumplía con las características de una dieta correcta; omisión de la cena y del grupo de verduras y frutas. Las encargadas de preparar y servir los alimentos no siempre fueron las mujeres embarazadas; los alimentos percibidos peligrosos fueron consumidos y los benéficos presentaron consumo escaso. Resaltó la necesidad de capacitar a los profesionales de la salud para considerar al contexto sociocultural en la orientación alimentaria que proporcionen.

  20. Ten years of the Spanish Virtual Observatory

    Solano, E.

    2015-05-01

    The main objective of the Virtual Observatory (VO) is to guarantee an easy and efficient access and analysis of the information hosted in astronomical archives. The Spanish Virtual Observatory (SVO) is a project that was born in 2004 with the goal of promoting and coordinating the VO-related activities at national level. SVO is also the national contact point for the international VO initiatives, in particular the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) and the Euro-VO project. The project, led by Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), is structured around four major topics: a) VO compliance of astronomical archives, b) VO-science, c) VO- and data mining-tools, and d) Education and outreach. In this paper I will describe the most important results obtained by the Spanish Virtual Observatory in its first ten years of life as well as the future lines of work.

  1. Information Literacy in the 21st Century Multicultural Classroom: Using Sociocultural Literacy

    Blas, Elise A.

    2014-01-01

    Sociocultural literacy guides an instructor's pedagogy in the multicultural university classroom. By employing sociocultural literacy in the information literacy classroom, the instruction librarian can better teach students from all cultures including international students, first generation students, or students from a wide array of…

  2. Muscle Dysmorphia, Gender Role Stress, and Sociocultural Influences: An Exploratory Study

    Readdy, Tucker; Watkins, Patti Lou; Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2011-01-01

    Our study explored the contribution of gender role stress (GRS) and sociocultural appearance demands to symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a college sample of 219 women and 154 men. For women, five GRS subscales, sociocultural appearance demands, age, and frequency of aerobic exercise predicted MD symptoms (model R[superscript 2] = 0.33;…

  3. Socio-Cultural Factors in Second Language Learning: A Case Study of Adventurous Adult Language Learners

    Ozfidan, Burhan; Machtmes, Krisanna L.; Demir, Husamettin

    2014-01-01

    Sociocultural theories consider language learning as a social practice examines students as active participants in the construction of learning processes. This study investigates sociocultural theories' central concepts, which includes peer interaction and feedback, private speech, and self-efficacy. The present study is a case study of twenty…

  4. Traditional & Socio-Cultural Barriers to EFL Learning: A Case Study

    Ahmad, Jameel

    2015-01-01

    This research tends to ascertain several traditional and socio-cultural barriers to English language learning in Saudi Arabia and to explore more ways than before for making teaching and learning more effective. The findings of four quantitative and qualitative surveys conducted in this regard reveal a unique traditional and socio-cultural milieu,…

  5. Survival and Success at Secondary School Stage: Looking beyond the Explanation of Socio-Cultural Deprivation

    Sarangi, Dibakar; Panda, Smita Rani

    2013-01-01

    A wide spectrum of research literature pointed out socio-cultural deprivation as the dominant explanation for student survival and success in schools. This paper, contending socio-cultural deprivation as inadequate explanation for dropout and detention at secondary level, probed into the role of pupils' foundation knowledge in their survival…

  6. Educating for Financial Literacy: A Case Study with a Sociocultural Lens

    Sprow Forte, Karin

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the teaching and learning in an adult financial literacy education program aimed specifically at Latina single mothers to understand the influence of sociocultural factors in this setting. Informed by critical and Latina feminist sociocultural adult learning perspectives and the transtheoretical model of behavior change,…

  7. Whose Development? Salvaging the Concept of Development within a Sociocultural Approach to Education

    Matusov, Eugene; DePalma, Renee; Drye, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    The concept of development is currently under revision in education and psychology. In this essay, Eugene Matusov, Renee DePalma, and Stephanie Drye examine a traditional notion of development and provide an alternative sociocultural view. As educators working within a sociocultural approach to learning, development, and education, the authors see…

  8. Sociocultural Contexts and Learning: Anglophone Caribbean Immigrant Women in U.S. Postsecondary Education.

    Alfred, Mary V.

    2003-01-01

    A study framed by sociocultural theory involved 15 British Caribbean women immigrants in the United States. Home country culture and early schooling involved learning experiences in the host country. They faced challenges in negotiating language and identity. Length of time in the new culture, level of social support, and sociocultural environment…

  9. Evaluating Socio-Cultural Pedagogy in a Distance Teacher Education Program

    Teemant, Annela

    2005-01-01

    Increasing pressure has been placed on teacher education to prepare teachers to educate bilingual/bicultural students using scientifically-based teaching methods. Socio-cultural theory and pedagogy have emerged as a research-based foundation for diversity teacher preparation. Socio-cultural theory rests on the premise that learning is social,…

  10. Depression as a Moderator of Sociocultural Influences on Eating Disorder Symptoms in Adolescent Females and Males

    Rodgers, Rachel F.; Paxton, Susan J.; Chabrol, Henri

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the role of depression as a moderator of sociocultural influences on eating disorder symptoms. A sample of 509 adolescents (56% female) completed self-report questionnaires assessing depression, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms and sociocultural influences on appearance from family, peers and…

  11. Examination of a Model of Multiple Sociocultural Influences on Adolescent Girls' Body Dissatisfaction and Dietary Restraint.

    Dunkley, Tracy L.; Wertheim, Eleanor H.; Paxton, Susan J.

    2001-01-01

    Examined the perceived role of sociocultural agents (peers, parents, and media) in influencing body dissatisfaction and dietary restraint in adolescent girls. While current body size strongly predicted ideal body size and dissatisfaction, perceived influence of sociocultural agents also had a direct relationship with body ideal and…

  12. The Socio-Cultural Functions of Kazakh Kinship Terms

    Muldagaliyeva A. A.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a study of the Kazakh kinship structure, classification and the socio-cultural functions of the Kazakh kinship terms. The Kazakhs have developed at first glance very complex and many branched kinship bonds with the moral codes, family relationship etiquette, the patterns of rights , duties and responsibilities thus being one of the strongest binding forces. The first and foremost principle of the Kazakh kinship system is the principle of “the seven ancestors”-a particular kind of chain of parent-child links between ancestors and descendants. The principle of 7 ancestors defines marriage rules, sex regulation, and incest taboo. For Kazakhs kinship was one of the strongest survival strategies thanks to which they could save integrity of their country. Every terminologically identified kinship category is associated with a culturally distinctive pattern of behavior which should be followed in relation to EGO.

  13. Exploring complex sociocultural situations through soft operational research

    Maurice Yolles

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A paradigm can be thought of as a living commodity system, carried by a self-organising group. The commodity is often "practical knowledge", and the paradigm maintains a life cycle that begins with commodity gestation, leading to commodity depreciation through death or transformation. During its normal life processes paradigm grow their commodities incrementally, but the growth processes become bounded through the very conceptualisations that made them successful, limiting their pragmatic capabilities. Paradigms have not only normal lives, but also post-normal lives. In the current cultural environment normal paradigmatic life processes are said to be hard, while post-normal ones are said to be soft, with this change being facilitated through epistemological shift. An illustration of a new framework called sociohistory is shown to be a soft OR approach. Its purpose is to describe, explore and evaluate complex sociocultural problem situations, with the potential to create intervention strategies that might be able to improve them.

  14. Socio-Cultural Stereotypes: Exploring Students’ Perceptions Regarding Social Issues

    Mayra Liliana Barrera Mora

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This research started from the need of looking for ways to involve learners dynamically in classroom activities, including social issues. The study was developed with ten students (10 in tenth grade. It was carried out to explore tenth graders’ perceptions on gender, race and social class to report their socio-cultural stereotypes through the development of a project work called “Stereotyping our Culture” divided into three (3 workshops, where students dealt with different Colombian social issues while they were learning English. Data collection sources incorporated field notes to record events and ideas for further reflection, video-taping to get accurate students’ perceptions to confirm our impressions reported in the field notes and artifacts from workshops to perceive what students wanted to express by means of drawings or writings.

  15. Body ideals for heterosexual romantic partners: gender and sociocultural influences.

    Murnen, Sarah K; Poinsatte, Katherine; Huntsman, Karen; Goldfarb, Jesse; Glaser, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use. Consuming sports media and watching reality television were the best media predictors of men's judgments about women's bodies. Less variability was explained in women's preferences for men partners' bodies, but endorsing adversarial sexual attitudes was positively related to judging the ideals chosen for men's bodies as important. Results were interpreted within both evolutionary and sociocultural theoretical frameworks. PMID:25462878

  16. Contact homology of good toric contact manifolds

    Abreu, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we show that any good toric contact manifold has well defined cylindrical contact homology and describe how it can be combinatorially computed from the associated moment cone. As an application we compute the cylindrical contact homology of a particularly nice family of examples that appear in the work of Gauntlett-Martelli-Sparks-Waldram on Sasaki-Einstein metrics. We show in particular that these give rise to a new infinite family of non-equivalent contact structures on $S^2 \\times S^{3}$ in the unique homotopy class of almost contact structures with vanishing first Chern class.

  17. VMM - Virtual Machine Monitors

    2006-01-01

    This research addresses the problem of implementing secure Virtual Machine Monitors (VMM) on the Intel Pentium architecture. A VMM allows multiple operating systems to run concurrently under virtual machines on a single workstation.

  18. Virtual reference services

    Márdero Arellano, Miguel Ángel

    2001-01-01

    Analysis of virtual reference services, their standandars and new technologies that have changed the tradicional practice at the library’s reference desk. Major American virtual reference services initiatives and their characteristics are described.

  19. Network virtualization and programmability

    Colle, Didier; Jooris, Bart; Gurzi, Pasquale; Pickavet, Mario; Demeester, Piet

    2010-01-01

    We present network virtualization (building virtual or logical networks over a physical infrastructure) and network programmability (allowing the network operator to at least control the network but more fundamentally to define its behavior) concepts.

  20. Contact Lens Solution Toxicity

    ... rash and rashes clinical tools newsletter | contact Share | Contact Lens Solution Toxicity Information for adults A A A This image shows a reaction to contact lens solution. The prominent blood vessels and redness ...

  1. Contact Lens Risks

    ... Health and Consumer Devices Consumer Products Contact Lenses Contact Lens Risks Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More ... redness blurred vision swelling pain Serious Hazards of Contact Lenses Symptoms of eye irritation can indicate a ...

  2. Virtual reality exposure therapy

    Rothbaum, BO; Hodges, L; Kooper, R

    1997-01-01

    It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real-time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer- generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first control...

  3. Security consideration for virtualization

    Gebhardt, Carl

    2008-01-01

    Virtualization is not a new technology, but has recently experienced a resurgence of interest among industry and research. New products and technologies are emerging quickly, and are being deployed with little considerations to security concerns. It is vital to understand that virtualization does not improve security by default. Hence, any aspect of virtualization needs to undergo constant security analysis and audit. Virtualization is a changeable and very dynamic field wit...

  4. The Virtual Lab System

    2003-01-01

    A virtual lab system is the simulation of real devices and experiments using computer and network tech-nology. It can make users do experiments easily, observe experiment phenomena and results through the remote termi-nal. Consequently, users can get final results to verify relative theory. The article analyses the features of virtual labsystems. A real virtual lab system named "Multimedia Virtual Lab for Digital Circuit Logic Design (MVLDCLD) "which has been developed by the authors and their group is also presented.

  5. Virtual currencies- Real opportunities?

    Selldahl, Sara

    2013-01-01

    The European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as ”unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usually controlled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.” (European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last few years as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field of virtual currencies has been mainly uncharted ...

  6. Contact handle decompositions

    Özbağcı, Burak

    2009-01-01

    We review Giroux’s contact handles and contact handle attachments in dimension three and show that a bypass attachment consists of a pair of contact 1 and 2-handles. As an application we describe explicit contact handle decompositions of infinitely many pairwise non-isotopic overtwisted 3-spheres. We also give an alternative proof of the fact that every compact contact 3-manifold (closed or with convex boundary) admits a contact handle decomposition, which is a result originally due to Giroux.

  7. Effective Corpus Virtualization

    Jakubíček Miloš; Rychlý Pavel; Kilgarriff Adam

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we describe an implementation of corpus virtualization within the Manatee corpus management system. Under corpus virtualization we understand logical manipulation with corpora or their parts grouping them into new (virtual) corpora. We discuss the motivation for such a setup in detail and show space and time efficiency of this approach evaluated on a 11 billion word corpus of Spanish.

  8. Trust and virtual worlds

    Ess, Charles; Thorseth, May

    2011-01-01

    We collect diverse philosophical analyses of the issues and problems clustering around trust online with specific attention to establishing trust in virtual environments. The book moves forward important discussions of how virtual worlds and virtuality are to be defined and understood; the role o...

  9. Virtual Worlds? "Outlook Good"

    Kelton, AJ

    2008-01-01

    Many people believed that virtual worlds would end up like the eight-track audiotape: a memory of something no longer used (or useful). Yet today there are hundreds of higher education institutions represented in three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds such as Active Worlds and Second Life. The movement toward the virtual realm as a viable teaching…

  10. Virtual Trackballs Revisited

    Henriksen, Knud; Sporring, Jon; Hornbæk, Kasper

    2004-01-01

    trackball and we give a correction. Another popular virtual trackball is Shoemake's quaternion implementation [CHECK END OF SENTENCE], which we show to be a special case of the virtual trackball by Chen et al.. Shoemake extends the scope of the virtual trackball to the full screen. Unfortunately, Shoemake...

  11. A Virtual Class Calculus

    Ernst, Erik; Ostermann, Klaus; Cook, William Randall

    2006-01-01

    , statically typed model for virtual classes has been a long-standing open question. This paper presents a virtual class calculus, vc, that captures the essence of virtual classes in these full-fledged programming languages. The key contributions of the paper are a formalization of the dynamic and static...

  12. Physical priors in virtual colonoscopy

    Rivaz, Hassan; Shinagawa, Yoshihisa; Liang, Jianming

    2009-02-01

    Electronic colon cleansing (ECC) aims to remove the contrast agent from the CT abdominal images so that a virtual model of the colon can be constructed. Virtual colonoscopy requires either liquid or solid preparation of the colon before CT imaging. This paper has two parts to address ECC in both preparation methods. In the first part, meniscus removal in the liquid preparation is studied. The meniscus is the curve seen at the top of a liquid in response to its container. Left on the colon wall, the meniscus can decrease the sensitivity and specificity of virtual colonoscopy. We state the differential equation that governs the profile of the meniscus and propose an algorithm for calculating the boundary of the contrast agent. We compute the surface tension of the liquid-colon wall contact using in-vivo CT data. Our results show that the surface tension can be estimated with an acceptable degree of uncertainty. Such an estimate, along with the meniscus profile differential equation will be used as an a priori knowledge to aid meniscus segmentation. In the second part, we study ECC in solid preparation of colon. Since the colon is pressurized with air before acquisition of the CT images, a prior on the shape of the colon wall can be obtained. We present such prior and investigate it using patient data. We show the shape prior is held in certain parts of the colon and propose a method that uses this prior to ease pseudoenhancement correction.

  13. An Analysis on Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory in Communicative Language Teaching Mode

    Gao Qiong-fang

    2014-01-01

    Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) plays a vital role in foreign language teaching. Learners may improve their communicative language proficiency under CLT mode. Many researches on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory show that learning as a social and cultural rather than individual phenomenon takes place through meaningful interaction with people, and thus the people in the environment are essential to the development of new knowledge. This paper mainly analyses Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory in CLT mode. The conclusions in this paper may help the readers gain an insight into the relations between the Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and CLT as well as awaken the awareness of designing the activities for teaching.

  14. The Problems of Socio-Cultural Community in Patani and Penang: A Comparative Study

    Jehwae Aminoh; Man Siti Hajar Che

    2016-01-01

    There are different socio-cultural in a society. Socio-cultural is a lifestyle and civilization for some society, born from the grip and tendency of community member in various fields of life, to give satisfaction and stimulate the development of community life. Diversity of perception and socio-cultural is one of the stem that led to the conflict. This is one convention that is already known to the public equally there is a conflict with humans or nature. Everything is becoming common place ...

  15. METRIC OF VIRTUAL WORLDS

    Trunev A. P.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the hypothesis of a plurality of parallel and virtual worlds. It is assumed that sentient beings in each virtual world reach a stage of development that can create a virtual world to simulate the history of their own development. In this case, the virtual worlds are nested within each other, which put a severe restriction on the possible geometry of space-time. Discussed the draft geometry virtual worlds consistently displayed from one world to another. It is shown that in this...

  16. Body contact and body language

    Winther, Helle Dagmar

    2008-01-01

    and the boundaries between self and world. In western societies, the modern premises for contact are in some ways developing from close contact to virtual communication. With this breadth of perspective in mind, the ques­tion is whether conscious and experimental work with body contact and body language in move......­ment psychology and education provide potential for intense personal develop­ment as well as for social and cultural learning processes. This performative research project originates from the research project entitled, Movement Psy­chol­ogy: The Language of the Body and the Psy­chol­ogy of Movement based...... on the Dance Therapy Form Dansergia. The author, who is a practi­tioner-researcher, is methodologically inspir­ed by phenomenology, performative methods and a narrative and auto-ethnographic approach. The project will be presented in an organic, cre­at­ive and performative way. Through a moving dia...

  17. Contact Lenses for Vision Correction

    ... Ask an Ophthalmologist Español Eye Health / Glasses & Contacts Contact Lenses Sections Contact Lenses for Vision Correction Proper ... to Know About Contact Lenses Colored Contact Lenses Contact Lenses for Vision Correction Written by: Kierstan Boyd ...

  18. Virtual World Security Inspection

    Nicholas Charles Patterson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many legal, social and technological issues. The software used to access virtual worlds is of great importance as they form the primary interface to these worlds and as such the primary interface to conduct virtual property theft. The security vulnerabilities of virtual world applications have not, to date, been examined. This study aims to use the process of software inspection to discover security vulnerabilities that may exist within virtual world software – vulnerabilities that enable virtual property theft to occur. Analyzing three well know virtual world applications World of Warcraft, Guild Wars and Entropia Universe, this research utilized security analysis tools and scenario testing with focus on authentication, trading, intruder detection and virtual property recovery. It was discovered that all three examples were susceptible to keylogging, mail and direct trade methods were the most likely method for transferring stolen items, intrusion detection is of critical concern to all VWEs tested, stolen items were unable to be recovered in all cases and lastly occurrences of theft were undetectable in all cases. The results gained in this study present the key problem areas which need to be addressed to improve security and reduce the occurrence of virtual property theft.

  19. Contact fiber bundles

    Lerman, Eugene

    2003-01-01

    We define contact fiber bundles and investigate conditions for the existence of contact structures on the total space of such a bundle. The results are analogous to minimal coupling in symplectic geometry. The two applications are construction of K-contact manifolds generalizing Yamazaki's fiber join construction and a cross-section theorem for contact moment maps

  20. Experimental test of the theory of effect of natural strong narrowing of Mössbauer lines and a more general effect of collapse of the hyperfine structure because of fluctuations of the Fermi contact field. Role of virtual transitions in these effects

    Karyagin, S. V.

    2014-02-01

    To test the theory of the effect of natural strong narrowing (NSN) of Mössbauer lines on long-lived isomers and a more general effect of collapse of the hyperfine structure (CHFS) because of fluctuations of the Fermi contact field (S.V. Karyagin, JETP Lett. 98, 174 (2013)) with the use of the data obtained by the team led by Davydov (Yu.D. Bayukov et al., JETP Lett. 90, 499 (2009)), the yield of 88.034-keV gamma-ray photons from a silver plate with the 109 m Ag isomer has been analyzed in two variants: (i) the hyperfine structure is resolved and the yield depends on the angle ψ between the wave vector of the photon and the external field H ex, and (ii) the yield is independent of ψ because of CHFS. It has been shown that variant (ii) better reproduces the experimental data: experimental average count numbers at ψ = 0 and ˜π/2 differ from each other only in systematic error the same at 4.2 and 295 K and, moreover, the count numbers with the exclusion of resonance should be independent of ψ; this condition is strongly violated in variant (i) and is well satisfied in variant (ii). The threshold condition of the CHFS for the Fermi field has been obtained with allowance for virtual transitions. The collapse of the hyperfine structure is possible at any lifetimes of nuclear levels at any transitions not only in the gamma range but also in other radiation ranges. It results in the complete depolarization of nuclei and radiation. To estimate the Fermi field from experiments, the field | H ex| ˜ 104 G is necessary.

  1. Women and eating disorders, Part I: Significance and sociocultural risk factors.

    White, J H

    1992-01-01

    Eating disorders are a significant health problem for women today and therefore are a concern for the health professionals who work with women. The significance of this problem is addressed through epidemiological data from a Western cultural perspective. Many risk factors contribute to the development of these disorders. Broad categories including sociocultural, developmental, familial, and biological factors have been identified by clinicians and researchers. The sociocultural risk factors are the norms, standards, or values of a society. The sociocultural risk factors explored in this article are (a) the value of a thin physique, (b) the value of perfection, (c) the norm of dieting, (d) the influence of the media on these values, and (e) the choice of certain professions. The role of the health professional in prevention with respect to sociocultural factors is discussed. PMID:1478897

  2. SOCIO-CULTURAL APPROACH TO THE COMPREHENSION OF ECONOMIC LIFE OF THE SOCIETY

    Uzlov, Yury

    2012-01-01

    The article elaborates some aspects from the economic history of the Russian society in terms of socio-cultural analysis. The author discusses possible ways of the country development under the conditions of globalization and the world economic crisis.

  3. Partner dependency and intimate partner abuse: A sociocultural grounding of spousal abuse in Ghana

    Adjei, Stephen Baffour

    2015-01-01

    While sociocultural scholarship has attempted an ecological explanation of intimate partner violence, it has largely been criticized for ignoring dispositional factors of both perpetrators and victims. Dependent personality and attachment-related emotional problems have been implicated in the ext....... It highlights Ghanaian communal personality, gendered socialization and meaning systems of marriage as salient sociocultural features for conceptualizing partner dependency and emotional-related spousal violence.......While sociocultural scholarship has attempted an ecological explanation of intimate partner violence, it has largely been criticized for ignoring dispositional factors of both perpetrators and victims. Dependent personality and attachment-related emotional problems have been implicated in the...... of dependency and attachment-related spousal violence as a form of a psychopathology. This article discusses partner dependency and jealousy-motivated spousal violence as socioculturally situated, dependent on contextual and relational conditions of meaning embedded in the communal society of Ghana...

  4. Socio-Cultural Dynamics of Education in the Context of the Post-Non-Classical Science

    V. A. Ignatova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the interrelations between society, education and culture. Using the comparative analysis of classical approaches to defining the above spheres, the author comes to conclusion that the nature of socio-cultural processes can be explored and described most consistently by applying comprehensive models of the post-non-classical science and considering civilization, education and culture in the context of the unified dynamic flow of socio-cultural genesis. The research investigates the dialectics of socio-cultural processes in the light of systematic synergetic approach, the advancing role of education in socio-cultural dynamics being revealed and substantiated. The author emphasizes its inevitably rising priority due to sustained development of civilization bringing about the new environmentally-oriented meta-culture.The obtained results can be used in pedagogic research methodology, designing and modeling the educational process, its content, technology and organization. 

  5. SOCIOCULTURAL AND ECONOMIC VALUES – ORGANIC FOOD CONSUMPTION IN FAIRS AND SUPERMARKETS IN CAMPINAS, SP. BRAZIL

    Santiago de Abreu, Lucimar; Mendes, Sergio P.; Kledal, Paul Rye; Sirieix, Lucie

    2009-01-01

    This scientific research was meant to encompass the meaning of economic and sociocultural consumption and its relationship to human values such as: environmental respect, commitment to health principles, solidarity among rural and urban social groups, and economic aspects (prices etc.).

  6. Administrative culture in Nepal: does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?

    Rameshwor, Dangal

    2005-01-01

    Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

  7. Methods of the development of learners'' sociocultural and communication abilities via international educational language projects

    MAKSAEV ARTHUR A.

    2014-01-01

    The paper addresses the issue of the development of learners'' so-cio-cultural and communication abilities in the process of participation in international educational language projects. In the paper the author a) defines the term "international language education projects", b) identifies their properties and related didactic features, c) determines the range of learners'' socio-cultural and communication abilities, developed in the course of participation in international educational languag...

  8. The psychological well-being and sociocultural adaptation of short-term international students in Ireland

    O'Reilly, Aileen; Ryan, Dermot; Hickey, Tina

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on an empirical study of the psychosocial adaptation of international students in Ireland. Using measures of social support, loneliness, stress, psychological well-being, and sociocultural adaptation, data were obtained from international students and a comparison sample of Irish students. The study found that, although international students had high levels of social support and low levels of loneliness and stress, students were experiencing high levels of sociocultural ...

  9. On socio-cultural approach to education system development. Education networks

    Anatoliy Tsirul'nikov

    2010-01-01

    Dealt with is the socio-cultural technology of education network creation as one of the tools of education modernization. Analyzed are principal features of an education network, the specifics of network management, as well as types and kinds of education networks that emerged in practice. Scrutinized is the process of development of school-internal, municipal and inter-municipal models of education networks. Presented are a number of socio-cultural projects of territory development: "Trassa"...

  10. Socio-Cultural Context of Drug Use with Reflections to Cannabis Use in Croatia

    Niksa Dubreta

    2013-01-01

    Socio-cultural context of drug use is reflected as the constitutive part of interpretation of its effects and corresponding meanings, both at macro and micro-societal level of sociological analysis. In the first part of the article some more influential social-theoretical approaches to drug use are considered. Most of them consider drug use in terms of sociology of subculture and deviance. In second part, Croatian socio-cultural context is analysed, with reflections on questioning key terms t...

  11. Russians in Latvia: Peculiarities of Socio-cultural Adaptation and Identity

    Voronov V.

    2009-01-01

    The author identifies trends and variations of the socio-cultural identity and integration of Russians in Latvia. According to the author, since the middle 1990s, two trends have been recognized - first, the 'ingrowing' of ethnic Russians into the life of independent Latvia, and second, forming their new identity. The article presents a number of factors hampering the integration of ethnic Russians into Latvian society. Variations and options of socio-cultural identity and integration (or ass...

  12. Scoping Future Nuclear Proliferation Risks: Leveraging Emerging Trends in Socio-Cultural Modeling and Analysis

    Johnson, Jeannie L.

    2016-01-01

    The key objective of this project has been to identify and then refine cutting-edge sociocultural analytic models tailored to anticipate aspiring WMD actors and identify points of leverage within their national communities. In doing so, we hope to supply insights for strategic planners seeking to thwart, disrupt, or productively shift nuclear weapons activity. In order to achieve that end, our team: ✦ (Section I) Combined key features of two socio-cultural models successfully ...

  13. SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITION OF TAMANGS : Case Study of Angsarang, Nepal

    Ghimire, Mahesh

    2014-01-01

    Ghimire, Mahesh Kumar Socio-Cultural and Economic Condition of Tamangs, A community case study of Nepal. Page 58, 2 appendices. Language English. Spring 2014. Diaconia University of Applied Sciences. Degree Programme in Social Services. Degree: Bachelor of Social Service. The main objective of the study area was to describe the socio-cultural and economice condition of Tamang people in Angsarang Village development committee of Panchthar district, Nepal. Research design with quantita...

  14. Conception of socio-cultural identity in the modern theory of architecture

    Blinova, Maria; Rodik, Yanina

    2013-01-01

    In this paper methodologically substantiate the study of the architectural environment of a modern city by its belonging to different socio-cultural communities as a cultural resource in situation of multiculturalism and globalization. The aim of the research was to provide rationalization for using the concept of socio-cultural identity as the key to system view on the problem of humanization of the modern city’s environment. The study concluded that the architectural ...

  15. Postmodern changes in the context of Sorokin's interpretation of the socio-cultural dynamics

    Bahovec, Igor

    2015-01-01

    The contemporary socio-cultural condition of the Western civilization is labelled with the terms "postmodern age" and "late modern age". They designate the fact that contemporary Western society differs from the modern age in several essential aspects. There is, however, no agreement whether the period of the modern era has ended or we have entered the next stage of modernity. The paper will discuss parallels between the major interpretations of contemporary socio-cultural conditions and the ...

  16. Socio-cultural Categorisations re-enforced and challenged through Language - "Les Intouchables"

    Hansen, Nina Lund; Postelnicu, Ioana Ruxandra

    2013-01-01

    The present paper uses sociocultural and sociolinguistic theories in order to analyse the representations of the two main characters in the movie ”Les Intouchables”, Driss and Philippe. The thematic background which sets the frame of the movie is given by Paris and its suburbs (les banlieues), and the (socio) linguistic differences between the representations of urbaine (the centre) and banlieue are analysed in light of previous sociolinguistic and sociocultural research. The paper grounds it...

  17. Sociocultural influences on body image and body changes among adolescent boys and girls.

    McCabe, Marita P; Ricciardelli, Lina A

    2003-02-01

    In 2 studies, the authors evaluated the role of parents, peers, and the media in body image and body-change strategies among adolescent boys and girls. The respondents for Study 1 (423 boys and 377 girls) completed the Body Image and Body Change Inventory (L. A. Ricciardelli & M. P. McCabe, 2002) and the Perceived Sociocultural Influences on Body Image and Body Change Questionnaire (M. P. McCabe & L. A. Ricciardelli, 2001b). Body mass index and age were also included in the analyses. Regression analyses demonstrated that sociocultural influences and feedback from the participant's best male friend were important predictors for all body-change strategies among boys. For girls, sociocultural influences and feedback from the participant's best female friend and mother were important predictors for body-change strategies. The most consistent predictor of weight loss, weight gain, and strategies to increase muscles was body-image importance. In Study 2, the authors examined the influence of the same sociocultural variables, as well as negative affect and puberty on body image and body-change strategies among a second group of 199 boys and 267 girls. The results demonstrated that a broad range of sociocultural influences predicted body-change strategies for boys and girls, with negative affect also having a unique influence for boys but not for girls. Puberty played a minor role, once other sociocultural variables were entered into the regression equation. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:12617344

  18. Transforming Virtual Teams

    Bjørn, Pernille

    2005-01-01

    studied. The research question investigated is how collaboration is negotiated within virtual teams? This paper presents findings concerning how collaboration is negotiated within a virtual team and elaborate the difficulties due to invisible articulation work and managing multiple communities in......Investigating virtual team collaboration in industry using grounded theory this paper presents the in-dept analysis of empirical work conducted in a global organization of 100.000 employees where a global virtual team with participants from Sweden, United Kingdom, Canada, and North America were...... transforming the virtual team into a community. It is argued that translucence in communication structures within the virtual team and between team and management is essential for engaging in a positive transformation process of trustworthiness supporting the team becoming a community, managing the immanent...

  19. Interactive Virtual Cinematography

    Burelli, Paolo

    A virtual camera represents the point-of-view of the player through which she perceives the game world and gets feedback on her actions. Thus, the virtual camera plays a vital role in 3D computer games and aects player experience and enjoyability in games. Interactive virtual cinematography is the...... process of visualising the content of a virtual environment by positioning and animating the virtual camera in the context of interactive applications such as a computer game. Camera placement and animation in games are usually directly controlled by the player or statically predened by designers. Direct....... The camera controller should dynamically and eciently translate these rules into camera positions and movements before (or while) the player plays the game. Automatically controlling the camera in virtual 3D dynamic environments is an open research problem and a challenging task. From an optimisation...

  20. Survivable Virtual Network Embedding

    Rahman, Muntasir Raihan; Aib, Issam; Boutaba, Raouf

    2010-01-01

    International audience Network virtualization can offer more flexibility and better manageability for the future Internet by allowing multiple heterogeneous virtual networks (VN) to coexist on a shared infrastructure provider (InP) network. A major challenge in this respect is the VN embedding problem that deals with the efficient mapping of virtual resources on InP network resources. Previous research focused on heuristic algorithms for the VN embedding problem assuming that the InP netwo...

  1. Virtual Reality in Psychology

    Nigel Foreman

    2009-01-01

    The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs) in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many an...

  2. Wireless Virtual Joystick

    Hu, Yuning

    2013-01-01

    Wireless Virtual Joystick is an Android application which enables users to use their Android mobile device act like a real joystick. It provides a solution to establish a wireless connection between Android mobile device and server computer. Whenever the server receives correct message, the server will simulate a virtual joystick input signal. Wireless Virtual Joystick does not worry about the small space, wires jam or USB port limitation. The objective of this thesis project is to develop a ...

  3. Virtual currencies : Real opportunities?

    Selldahl, Sara

    2013-01-01

    AbstractThe European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as ”unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usuallycontrolled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.”(European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last fewyears as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field ofvirtual currencies has been mainly uncharte...

  4. Oxford handbook of virtuality

    Grimshaw, Mark

    2013-01-01

    As this comprehensive and multidisciplinary book makes clear, virtuality has a pedigree that pre-dates the computer age and modern virtual worlds, a pedigree that can be traced back to classical mythology and beyond. Equally, the concept of virtuality is not the province of one field of study alone but is the foundation and driving force of many, both theoretical and applied. Our conceptualizations and applications of virtuality are multiple, as contributors demonstrate across the nine sections of the book that move from philosophy to technologies and applications before returning to philosoph

  5. Virtual Machine Introspection

    S C Rachana

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Thus, monitoring of virtual machine is essential. The paper proposes a Virtual Network Introspection [VMI] System to secure the Virtual machines from Distributed Denial of Service [DDOS] and Zombie attacks.

  6. Virtual Training Devices Laboratory

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Virtual Training Devices (VTD) Laboratory at the Life Cycle Software Engineering Center, Picatinny Arsenal, provides a software testing and support environment...

  7. Virtual Reality Laboratory

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Performs basic and applied research in interactive 3D computer graphics, including visual analytics, virtual environments, and augmented reality (AR). The...

  8. VIRTUAL FUEL-PUMP DESIGN

    2002-01-01

    Some concepts of virtual product are discussed. The key technologies of virtual fuel-pump development are in detail analysed, which include virtual fuel-pump product modeling, intelligent simulation, distributed design environment, and virtual assembly. The virtual fuel-pump development prototype system considers requirement analysis, concept design, injection preferment analysis, detailed design, and assembly analysis.

  9. Corporate Consumer Contact API

    General Services Administration — The data in the Corporate Consumer Contact API is based on the content you can find in the Corporate Consumer Contact listing in the Consumer Action Handbook (PDF)....

  10. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Full Text Available ... sell contacts without a prescription are breaking the law, and may be fined $11,000 per violation. " ... about the members of the eye-care team . Consumer warning about the improper use of colored contact ...