WorldWideScience
1

Figuring the Transnational 'Child-to-be-adopted' : The Web as a Virtual Sociocultural Contact Zone for Intercountry Adoption  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents our research which is part of a larger project that explores how to track and understand the linguistic, discursive and sociocultural contact zones or networks brought about by intercountry adoption. Using mediated discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, membership categorisation analysis and interaction analysis, the project attempts to trace a host of discourses and contingent practices of care and kinship that are heterogeneously assembled to ‘translate’ a child (legally and/or willingly) from one familial ‘place’ or network in the world to another, crossing linguistic, sociocultural, racial, class and national boundaries in the process. We introduce in this paper our first observations of the discursive construction of the ‘child-to-be-adopted’ in the pre-adoption stage. We focus on the crucial role of the ‘intimate public sphere’ of the Internet from the parents’ point-of-view, specifically their personal web pages and online diaries that anticipate the ‘transnational’ mobility of the ‘waiting’ or abandoned child in a faraway place.

McIlvenny, Paul; Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

2005-01-01

2

The Consequences of Mobility : Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The book is an anthology of articles investigating – from within four different theoretical and methodological perspectives – the kinds of linguistic and sociocultural contacts brought about by internationalization and transnational migrations in the contemporary world. It includes topics such as the following, related to this general interdisciplinary objective: • Language use in social networks, with special reference to language contact in interpersonal relations and interactions, including codeswitching and other manifestations of the construction of sociocultural identities in face-to-face interaction • Language contact in society and in the world, and social hierarchies between languages: consequences of (mobility driven) language spread, and the ensuing processes of redefining linguistic differences and identities: language competition, language promotion and language discrimination • The complex relationship between language and culture: how can we envisage mobility and language spread across cultural areas without conceptualizing language as culturally neutral? (cp. the frequent conceptualization of English as culturally neutral) • Language contact in the individual: multiple language competencies and the idea of plurilingualism - in Europe and in the world • The concept of linguaculture/languaculture, and studies related to this concept. • Language and sociocultural identity: how can we address this issue thinking both of first languages and of languages functioning as second and foreign languages? • The concepts of first language (mother tongue), second language, foreign language, and lingua franca: how can we develop and refine these analytical concepts taking into consideration the complexities of language contacts and plurilingual competencies?

2005-01-01

3

Transnational organizational considerations for sociocultural differences in ethics and virtual team functioning in laboratory animal science.  

Science.gov (United States)

Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working with sociocultural differences in ethics and by knowing how to facilitate appropriate virtual team actions. Associated practices include implementing codes and policies transcend cultural, ethnic, or other boundaries and equipping virtual teams with the needed technology, support, and rewards to ensure timely and productive work that ultimately promotes good science and patient safety in drug development. PMID:20587155

Pritt, Stacy L; Mackta, Jayne

2010-05-01

4

Transnational Organizational Considerations for Sociocultural Differences in Ethics and Virtual Team Functioning in Laboratory Animal Science  

OpenAIRE

Business models for transnational organizations include linking different geographies through common codes of conduct, policies, and virtual teams. Global companies with laboratory animal science activities (whether outsourced or performed inhouse) often see the need for these business activities in relation to animal-based research and benefit from them. Global biomedical research organizations can learn how to better foster worldwide cooperation and teamwork by understanding and working wit...

Pritt, Stacy L.; Mackta, Jayne

2010-01-01

5

Social Contact in Virtual Learning Environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A common question is whether technology will replace social contact. In this article it is argued that it will not, provided that we learn to use the characteristics of new media constructively in designing for learning. The term “social”, in this context is taken to mean “purposeful communication” and not “recreational socializing” (even if socializing may indeed facilitate learning)

Heilesen, Simon

6

Generating Virtual Eye Contacts Through Online Synchronous Communications in Virtual Classroom Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Internet usage has been increasing among persons in the worldwide. This situation highlights that the number of potential distance learners has been increasing in the Internet society. Besides, the terms and concepts of the Internet environments become to be spread out in this society like virtual reality. It is also possible to explain the characters of the Internet clearly via generating relatively new terms or concepts. “Virtual eye contact” concept is one of these. In this article, this concept is considered with a specific application of synchronous internet-based e-learning environments which is virtual classroom platform application. Explanation, technological infrastructure and benefits of this concept and training of the trainers to use this nonverbal communication type more powerfully are explained and discussed.

T. Volkan YUZER

2007-01-01

7

Multi-Contact Grasp Interaction for Virtual Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The grasping of virtual objects has been an active research field for several years. Solutions providing realistic grasping rely on special hardware or require time-consuming parameterizations. Therefore, we introduce a flexible grasping algorithm enabling grasping without computational complex physics. Objects can be grasped and manipulated with multiple fingers. In addition, multiple objects can be manipulated simultaneously with our approach. Through the usage of contact sensors the technique is easily configurable and versatile enough to be used in different scenarios.

Marc Wolter

2008-08-01

8

Multimodal contact cues for object manipulation in augmented and virtual environments  

OpenAIRE

This thesis aims to increase our knowledge about the planning and organization of aiming and prehensile movements in augmented and virtual environments and to better understand how sensory information, such as vision, haptics and especially audition, is used for planning and control of simple movements. Five experiments were performed to investigate the importance of sensory contact cues when pointing and grasping augmented and virtual targets in computer-generated environments, with the hand...

Zahariev, Mihaela-anca

2007-01-01

9

The study about planetary gearbox virtual prototyping with nonlinear gear contact characteristics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The virtual prototypes of gear transmission system built in most multi-body dynamic software have difficulties in describing the gear mesh characteristics. The gear mesh contact is modelled as rigid contact and this is not accurate for the gear mesh contact, which is elastic or flexible. The gear contact formula used in the multi-body dynamic software does not reveal the gear contact nonlinear stiffness characteristic. The model built with gear meshing contact is difficult to solve because of its time-consuming algorithm. In the paper a new method is put forward to build the virtual prototype of planetary gearbox system according to the nonlinear mesh stiffness and mesh phase obtained through FEM models. This new FEM method of gear mesh stiffness calculation is much more accurate than the common formulas. The gear mesh nonlinear stiffness of sun gear- pinion and pinion-ring gear of all the planetary gear sets in gearbox are obtained through MATALB code, which is used to read and plot the analyzing result data. The gear mesh phase differences between different pinions with suns or rings of different planetary gear set can be also obtained. With all these data modelled in simulink (or other software) and integrated with the multi-body dynamic planetary gearbox model and the gear meshing contact problem in multi-body gear models is solved easily and accurately. The interfaces for gear mesh stiffness and mesh phases are designed for multi-body dynamic model and simulink. or multi-body dynamic model and simulink. The nonlinear planetary gear set prototyping models are integrated to become the whole planetary gear box model and the whole vehicle system model built in multi-body dynamic software can be integrated to simulate different duty conditions. At last high speed input is put into the nonlinear planetary transmission model and the different duty cases are simulated. The dynamic characteristics of different parts are obtained. The dynamic characteristic comparison between nonlinear and linear models is made. It solves the difficulty of gear contact simulation in multi-body dynamic model and provides a new method in gear mesh stiffness calculation, which exports simulationX (or other software) model of nonlinear gear stiffness to replace that in multi-body dynamic model and succeeds in integrating planetary gear transmission with other parts of the vehicle. According to the simulation results, the conclusion can be made that the nonlinear modelling method for planetary gearbox is reliable and practical. It can be used to evaluate vibration characteristic of planetary gear transmission with high speed input

10

Contact-based ligand-clustering approach for the identification of active compounds in virtual screening  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Alexey B Mantsyzov,1 Guillaume Bouvier,2 Nathalie Evrard-Todeschi,1 Gildas Bertho11Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris, France; 2Institut Pasteur, Paris, FranceAbstract: Evaluation of docking results is one of the most important problems for virtual screening and in silico drug design. Modern approaches for the identification of active compounds in a large data set of docked molecules use energy scoring functions. One of the general and most significant limitations of these methods relates to inaccurate binding energy estimation, which results in false scoring of docked compounds. Automatic analysis of poses using self-organizing maps (AuPosSOM represents an alternative approach for the evaluation of docking results based on the clustering of compounds by the similarity of their contacts with the receptor. A scoring function was developed for the identification of the active compounds in the AuPosSOM clustered dataset. In addition, the AuPosSOM efficiency for the clustering of compounds and the identification of key contacts considered as important for its activity, were also improved. Benchmark tests for several targets revealed that together with the developed scoring function, AuPosSOM represents a good alternative to the energy-based scoring functions for the evaluation of docking results.Keywords: scoring, docking, virtual screening, CAR, AuPosSOM

Mantsyzov AB

2012-09-01

11

A fixed point proximity method for extended contact manipulation of deformable bodies with pivoted tools in multimodal virtual environments.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the real world, tools used for manipulation are pivoted with specialized tips for specific functions including grasping and cutting. Manipulating deformable virtual objects with them involves maintaining extended contact, which is difficult due to the variations in applied force. Our method consists in selecting a fixed set of points on the jaws of a pivoted tool, and placing them either equidistant or according to the geometry of the tool. Vertex and triangle proximities are calculated for each of the interacting deformable objects for collision detection. This method was successfully tested in a surgical simulation scenario where a deformable omental fat model was grasped and retracted while maintaining full contact with the pivoted tool tip at all times. PMID:21335856

Sankaranarayanan, Ganesh; Lu, Zhonghua; De, Suvranu

2011-01-01

12

Predictors of sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain.  

Science.gov (United States)

The process of cross-cultural migration may be particularly difficult for students travelling overseas for further or higher education, especially where qualitative differences exist between the home and host nations. The present study examined the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning Malaysian students in Britain. Eighty-one Malay and 110 Chinese students enrolled in various courses answered a self-report questionnaire that examined various aspects of sociocultural adjustment. A series of one-way analyses of variance showed that Malay participants experienced poorer sociocultural adjustment in comparison with their Chinese counterparts. They were also less likely than Chinese students to have contact with co-nationals and host nationals, more likely to perceive their actual experience in Britain as worse than they had expected, and more likely to perceive greater cultural distance and greater discrimination. The results of regression analyses showed that, for Malay participants, perceived discrimination accounted for the greatest proportion of variance in sociocultural adjustment (73%), followed by English language proficiency (10%) and contact with host nationals (4%). For Chinese participants, English language proficiency was the strongest predictor of sociocultural adjustment (54%), followed by expectations of life in Britain (18%) and contact with host nationals (3%). By contrast, participants' sex, age, and length of residence failed to emerge as significant predictors for either ethnic group. Possible explanations for this pattern of findings are discussed, including the effects of Islamophobia on Malay-Muslims in Britain, possible socioeconomic differences between Malay and Chinese students, and personality differences between the two ethnic groups. The results are further discussed in relation to practical steps that can be taken to improve the sociocultural adjustment of sojourning students in Britain. PMID:22029555

Swami, Viren

2009-08-01

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Sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain: a replication and path analytic extension.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the sociocultural adjustment of 249 sojourning Malaysian undergraduates in Britain. One-hundred and ten Malay and 139 Chinese students enrolled in various courses answered a self-report questionnaire that examined various aspects of sociocultural adjustment and socio-demographics. Overall, Malay students reported significantly poorer sociocultural adjustment than Chinese students, as well as more negative outcomes on a range of predictors. Path analysis for the total sample showed that higher family income led to greater sociocultural adjustment, but partially because it led to more contact with host and conationals, better language proficiency, lower perceived cultural differences and less perceived discrimination. Moreover, participants with higher English proficiency were better adapted, but partially because they perceived less cultural differences as well as having more contact with host nationals. Additionally, individuals reporting better sociocultural adjustment also reported better health statuses. The same model was equally useful at predicting sociocultural adjustment for both Malay and Chinese participants. These results are discussed in terms of the role played by income in buffering against the negative aspects of sociocultural adjustment. PMID:19337675

Swami, Viren; Arteche, Adriane; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian

2010-01-01

14

Cognitive abilities, sociocultural background and academic achievement  

OpenAIRE

The infl uence of students’ sociocultural background on academic achievement is a well established fact. Research also points out that sociocultural background is related to students’ cognitive abilities and these have an effect on their academic achievement. However, the mediator role of cognitive abilities on the relationship between sociocultural background and academic achievement is less well known. A structural equation model that represents these relationships was tested in a sa...

Diniz, Anto?nio; Pocinho, Margarida Maria Ferreira Diogo Dias; Almeida, Leandro Silva

2011-01-01

15

Epidemiología sociocultural: una perspectiva necesaria / Sociocultural epidemiology: an essential aproach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analiza la necesidad de una perspectiva epidemiológica incluyente que atienda las diversas dimensiones del daño a la salud como fenómeno reflejo de la sociedad. Ello demanda una diversificación metodológica y operativa ante realidades sanitarias donde opera sistemáticamente la cultura y la organi [...] zación social. Se postulan algunos elementos definitorios y operativos de la epidemiología sociocultural como referente para dinamizar la relación entre disciplinas y sectores a partir de problemas específicos relevantes para la salud pública. Abstract in english The necessity of an inclusive epidemiological approach, capable to attend the diverse dimensions involved in health damage as a reflective phenomenon of society is analyzed. The range of perspectives involved requires an inclusive methodological scope and applicative channels, in order to deal with [...] sanitary realities systematically related to culture and social organization. Some constitutive elements of sociocultural epidemiology are underlined, shaping an operative proposal that can enhance the relationship between disciplines and sectors regarding specific outstanding public health problems.

Paul, Hersch-Martínez.

2013-10-01

16

Sociocultural determinants of induced abortion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the frequency of induced abortion and identity the role of sociocultural factors contributing to termination of pregnancy and associated morbidity and mortality in hospital setting. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were admitted for induced abortion were interviewed in privacy. On condition of anonymity they were asked about the age, parity, family setup and relationships, with particular emphasis on sociocultural reasons and factors contributing to induction of abortion. Details of status of abortionist and methods used for termination of pregnancy, the resulting complications and their severity were recorded. Results: Out of total admissions, 57(2.35%) gave history of induced abortion. All women belonged to low socioeconomic class and 59.6% of them were illiterate. Forty-three (75.5%) of these women had never practiced concentration. Twenty-four (42%) were grandmultiparae and did not want more children. In 29 women (50.9%) the decision for abortion had been supported by the husband. In 25 (43.8%) abortion was carried out by Daiyan (traditional midwives). Serious complications like uterine perforation with or without bowel injury were encouraged in 25 (43.8%) of these women. During the study period illegally induced abortion accounted for 6 (10.5%) maternal deaths. Conclusion: Prevalence of poverty, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-practice of contraception are strong determinants of induced abortion. (author) abortion. (author)

17

Moving the mandible to the retruded contact position for simulating the hinge movement in virtual three-dimensional orthognathic surgery by integrating the plaster models.  

Science.gov (United States)

The range of rotation of the mandible during virtual three-dimensional orthognathic surgery is small and may be similar to the hinge movement of the mandible. This current study offers a new method to move the mandible to the retruded contact position (RCP), a position of beginning hinge movement, during virtual three-dimensional orthognathic surgery. During this method, a three-dimensional skull model was reconstructed from the computed tomographic images in the Mimics software. Then the RCP in the patient could be obtained using Gothic arch tracer or swallowing method and was recorded using a wax plate, followed by transferring to plaster models. Subsequently, the plaster models in RCP were scanned using a dental surface scanner and imported into the Mimics software. Finally, we could move the mandible to the RCP based on the registration between the three-dimensional skull model and plaster model for simulating the hinge movement during virtual three-dimensional orthognathic surgery. This may be a small step forward for improving the accuracy of virtual three-dimensional orthognathic surgery. PMID:24036817

Dai, Jiewen; Zhang, Jiangfei; Hu, Guanghong; Xin, Pengfei; Shen, Shunyao; Shen, Steve Guofang

2013-01-01

18

Sociocultural pressures and adolescent eating in the absence of hunger  

OpenAIRE

Parental feeding practices and sociocultural pressures theoretically influence eating behavior. Yet, whether these factors relate to eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is unknown. We assessed if sociocultural pressures were associated with EAH among 90 adolescents (Mage = 15.27, SD = 1.39; 48% female). Parents completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Adolescents completed the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3, and Multidim...

Reina, Samantha A.; Shomaker, Lauren B.; Mooreville, Mira; Courville, Amber B.; Brady, Sheila M.; Olsen, Cara; Yanovski, Susan Z.; Tanofsky-kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A.

2013-01-01

19

Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Acquisition  

Science.gov (United States)

Second language acquisition (SLA) research informed by sociocultural theory (henceforth, SCT) began in earnest with the publication of Frawley & Lantolf's (1985) article on L2 (second language) discourse (described in the timeline proper). Since then, well over 300 journal articles, book chapters and doctoral dissertations have appeared in the…

Lantolf, James P.; Beckett, Tracy G.

2009-01-01

20

Risks in socio-cultural perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An exposition is presented of the principles of a socio-cultural risk theory based on the statement 'Risk is structured uncertainty'. It deals with hazards of human behaviour, risk as a challenge, hazards in nature and in culture, in science and enterprise, to close with a few words on today's crisis and uncertainty. (Auth.)

21

Anorexia Nervosa: Sociocultural Factors and Treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines how the epidemiological findings of anorexia nervosa lead theorists to speculate a correlation between sociocultural factors and the development of anorexia nervosa. A section on the essential features of anorexia nervosa identifies five primary characteristics of anorexia: (1) severe weight loss; (2) a disturbance of body…

Williams, Jennifer

22

Socio-Cultural Environments and Suggestopedia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The suggestopedic model of accelerated learning as developed by Lozanov is referred to by him as a set of attitudes inherent to sociocultural behavior common to the Soviet Bloc countries. The theoretical base accounts for a built-in obedience reflex, acceptance of authority, lack of competitiveness, promotion of collective growth, and a…

Bayuk, Milla

23

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

OpenAIRE

Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary rol...

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-01-01

24

Virtual Goods Recommendations in Virtual Worlds  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual worlds (VWs) are computer-simulated environments which allow users to create their own virtual character as an avatar. With the rapidly growing user volume in VWs, platform providers launch virtual goods in haste and stampede users to increase sales revenue. However, the rapidity of development incurs virtual unrelated items which will be difficult to remarket. It not only wastes virtual global companies' intelligence resources, but also makes it difficult for users to find suitable virtual goods fit for their virtual home in daily virtual life. In the VWs, users decorate their houses, visit others' homes, create families, host parties, and so forth. Users establish their social life circles through these activities. This research proposes a novel virtual goods recommendation method based on these social interactions. The contact strength and contact influence result from interactions with social neighbors and influence users' buying intention. Our research highlights the importance of social interactions in virtual goods recommendation. The experiment's data were retrieved from an online VW platform, and the results show that the proposed method, considering social interactions and social life circle, has better performance than existing recommendation methods. PMID:25834837

Chen, Kuan-Yu; Liao, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Jyun-Hung; Liu, Duen-Ren

2015-01-01

25

Sociocultural perspective of substance use in India.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present communication focuses on a sociocultural perspective of substance use in a pluralistic and diverse culture. India has a history of use of plant products, viz., cannabis, opium, and home-brewed alcoholic beverages, within a defined sociocultural framework over five millennium. Cross sectional epidemiological studies in the field of substance use in different parts of India show that certain social groups are more "vulnerable" to substance use. Caste, religion, and local customs and traditions play a significant role in the choice of drugs, their consumption, and their control in rural/semiurban populations. The intercultural barriers are diminishing in urban populations, and even alien drugs like heroin have been introduced. The social and cultural implications of the traditional vis-a-vis the altering drug use scene are discussed at length. PMID:8908712

Sharma, H K

1996-01-01

26

Socio-Cultural Retailing: A literature review  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this paper is to contribute to the cultural turn in retail studies by offering an overview of the interdisciplinary field of socio-cultural retailing and, based on this introduction, draw out and discuss what this body of work can contribute to the field of retail marketing. The paper reviews socio- cultural retail research from the disciplines of marketing, cultural geography, sociology and anthropology. Taken together this body of work clearly shows that retailing and shopping pr...

Fuentes, Christian

2012-01-01

27

Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

OpenAIRE

The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individ...

Maria Alice De Mattos Pimenta Parente; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle Zimmermann; Rochele Paz Fonseca

2012-01-01

28

Sociocultural pressures and adolescent eating in the absence of hunger.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental feeding practices and sociocultural pressures theoretically influence eating behavior. Yet, whether these factors relate to eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is unknown. We assessed if sociocultural pressures were associated with EAH among 90 adolescents (Mage=15.27, SD=1.39; 48% female). Parents completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Adolescents completed the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures Scale, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3, and Multidimensional Body Self-Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales. On two occasions, EAH was assessed as snack food intake after adolescents ate to satiety. Controlling for body composition and demographics, parental restriction and family pressure to be thin were associated with greater EAH. Media pressure was related to more EAH in girls. Appearance orientation and preoccupation with becoming overweight mediated links between sociocultural pressures and EAH. Findings support the notion that sociocultural pressures and their links to body image may contribute to the course of disinhibited eating behaviors during adolescence. PMID:23394966

Reina, Samantha A; Shomaker, Lauren B; Mooreville, Mira; Courville, Amber B; Brady, Sheila M; Olsen, Cara; Yanovski, Susan Z; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Yanovski, Jack A

2013-03-01

29

The Subjectivity of the Translator and Socio-cultural Norms  

OpenAIRE

This thesis attempts to probe into the dialectical relationship between the subjectivity of the translator and socio-cultural norms. The socio-cultural norms inevitably regulate the translator’s translating activity, as acceptability of the translated text is the primary concern of most translators. However, this does not mean that the subjectivity of the translator is suppressed. The translator, in the wider socio-cultural context, assumes the subjective role in the translation process. Th...

Denghua Pei

2010-01-01

30

Curing and sociocultural separatism in South Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

In much of Thailand animistic curing practices have lost ground to great tradition herbal medicine and modern scientific medicine as more people achieve literacy. Especially in urbanizing areas, Buddhist and Muslim Thais hold in the highest esteem traditional curers whose knowledge derives from patient experimentation and the study of ancient texts. However, among Malay-speaking Muslims in south Thailand, the most respected therapeutic knowledge is revelatory in nature. Southern Muslim curers are generally mystics or spirit-mediums whose direct channels of communication with the supernatural convey remedies for afflictions but also provide guidelines for maintaining sociocultural separatism. PMID:4049015

Golomb, L

1985-01-01

31

Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente

2012-12-01

32

Sociocultural Contexts of Time to First Sex among Hispanic Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the sociocultural influences on risk of first sex among Hispanic teens living in Los Angeles County. Hispanic teens living in low-density Hispanic neighborhoods have significantly higher risk of sex than do teens living in neighborhoods with higher levels of ambient hazards. Results highlight the importance of characterizing sociocultural…

Upchurch, Dawn M.; Aneshensel, Carol S.; Mudgal, Jyoti; McNeely, Clea Sucoff

2001-01-01

33

The Sociocultural Contexts of Learning in the Workplace.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines demographic dimensions of the work force: aging, gender, race, sexual orientation, immigration, language, religion. Suggests a workplace pedagogy that is sensitive to sociocultural context and includes the concept of workplace learning as a lifelong process, socioculturally sensitive policies, equal opportunity development, and diversity…

Bierema, Laura L.

2002-01-01

34

Virtual colonoscopy  

Science.gov (United States)

Colonoscopy - virtual; CT colonography; Computed tomographic colonography; Colography - virtual ... Virtual colonoscopy is different from a regular colonoscopy . Regular colonoscopy uses a long, lighted tool called a ...

35

Sociocultural factors in Brazilian neuropsycholinguistic studies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The history of Brazilian neuropsychology is traced at different neuropsycholinguistic stages with a focus on the importance of sociocultural factors. We first focus on language disorders, the sequelae of injuries in the left hemisphere, and neuropsychology restricted to the medical field in Europe, [...] the United States, and Brazil. In the middle of the last century, attention to the interdisciplinary importance of studies on the right hemisphere began. Studies consequently emerged on the individual variability of brain function with both biological and cultural origins. Based on this approach, Brazilian studies on aphasic children and illiterate aphasic persons were disseminated internationally. In the 1970s, cognitive neuropsychology began in England, highlighting dysfunctions in reading and writing processes. The characteristics of writing systems within each language became relevant for the manifestations of acquired dyslexia. Brazilian studies showed deficits in Portuguese and Japanese writing caused by brain lesions. During this scientific journey, scientific societies and postgraduate programs in Brazil were created to facilitate exchanges and communication among young researchers. By the end of the last century and in the early 2000s, the growth of the neuropsychology of aging raised awareness of the complexity of sociocultural factors, not only on language research but also according to the level of education, frequency of reading and writing habits, school type, and interactions among these factors and biological factors, especially between the level of education and age. From this historical standpoint, we outline future directions and perspectives in the field of Brazilian neuropsychology.

Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta, Parente; Maria Teresa, Carthery-Goulart; Nicolle, Zimmermann; Rochele Paz, Fonseca.

2012-12-01

36

EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000. Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different factors involved. To achieve this, this literature review aims to explore the central concepts of sociocultural theories and how such perspectives assist researchers in examining the interaction involved in the field of second language research.

PEI-LUN KAO

2010-10-01

37

Organizaciones Virtuales Organizaciones Virtuales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual Organizations are new organizational forms originated from both the replacementof face to face communications by remote communications supported by electronic means,and from the accesibility of real time information about the operation of the company, forall employees.This article pursues the following goals: 1 To define virtual organization, review its sociotechnical antecedents and propose a preliminary classification into inter-organizationaland intra-organizational forms.  2 To discuss the characteristics of virtual organizationsand their impact on organizational design, and 3 To compare virtual organizations toother organizational forms.Las organizaciones virtuales son formas organizativas nuevas, que resultan de: primero, reemplazar las interacciones cara a cara con interacciones remotas, soportadas por comunicaciones electrónicas y segundo,  proveer acceso en tiempo real a toda la información de la empresa para todos los trabajadores.En este artículo se busca: 1 Definir organización virtual, revisar sus antecedentes y proponeruna clasificación básica preliminar de las mismas  2 Discutir las características de las organizaciones virtuales y sus implicaciones para el diseño organizativo 3 Comparar estaforma organizativa a las formas organizativas no virtuales.

Gladis Cecilia Villegas Arias

2003-06-01

38

Regulation of positive and negative emotion: effects of sociocultural context  

OpenAIRE

Previous research has demonstrated that the use of emotion regulation strategies can vary by sociocultural context. In a previous study, we reported changes in the use of two different emotion regulation strategies at an annual alternative cultural event, Burning Man (McRae, Heller, John, & Gross, 2011). In this sociocultural context, as compared to home, participants reported less use of expressive suppression (a strategy generally associated with maladaptive outcomes), and greater use o...

KateriMcRae; SaraA.Snyder; Meganheller, S.

2013-01-01

39

EXAMINING SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING: TAKING A SOCIOCULTURAL STANCE  

OpenAIRE

Vygotsky?s sociocultural theories have been widely referred to in the field of second language learning (SLL) research (e.g. see Donato, 1994; Gutiérrez, 2003; Haas, 1996;Ohta, 2000; Swain, 2000; Warschauer & Kern, 2000). Adopting sociocultural theories offers researchers theoretical perspectives with which to examine language learning as a social practice, consider students as active participants in constructing learning processes, and investigate the interaction between different fa...

PEI-LUN KAO

2010-01-01

40

The effects of virtual space on learning: A literature review  

OpenAIRE

This paper examines how the effects of virtual space on learning have been elucidated in recent research with the aim of providing both a comprehensive picture of the current state of research and interesting avenues for future projects. Drawing on a multidisciplinary review, it identifies five key themes that together constitute research in virtual space and learning: analogies between the study of physical space and learning; socio-cultural constructivist perspectives; practical and theoret...

Sko?ld, Olle ?bo Akademi University

2011-01-01

41

Virtual Braids  

OpenAIRE

In the present paper we give a new method for converting virtual knots and links to virtual braids. Indeed the braiding method given in this paper is quite general, and applies to all the categories in which braiding can be accomplished. We give a unifying topological interpretation of virtuals and flats (virtual strings) and their isotopies via ribbon surfaces and abstract link diagrams. We also give reduced presentations for the virtual braid group, the flat virtual braid ...

Kauffman, Louis H.; Lambropoulou, Sofia

2004-01-01

42

Baseline-free delamination inspection in composite plates by synthesizing non-contact air-coupled Lamb wave scan method and virtual time reversal algorithm  

Science.gov (United States)

In the paper, we combined air-coupled Lamb wave scan method and virtual time reversal (VTR) algorithm and proposed a composite baseline-free delamination inspection technique of composite plates. According to VTR algorithm, time reversal process is virtually performed through signal operations and the hardware manipulation for time reversal is not required. Baseline-free damage inspection can be achieved by comparing the first input actuation signal with the reconstructed final signal obtained by VTR algorithm. An air-coupled Lamb wave scan method combined with VTR-based probabilistic imaging algorithm is developed for delamination inspection of composite plates. Carbon fiber-reinforced composite plates with the delaminations of different shapes and sizes were experimentally tested. The testing results are well in accordance with the actual delamination locations and sizes as well as the results obtained with the commercial point-to-point immersion C-scan system.

Liu, Zenghua; Yu, Hongtao; Fan, Junwei; Hu, Yanan; He, Cunfu; Wu, Bin

2015-04-01

43

Predictores de la adaptación sociocultural de estudiantes universitarios extranjeros en Argentina / Predictors of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign university students in Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El interés para realizar esta investigación surgió a partir de que Argentina recibe un número creciente de estudiantes de otros países latinoamericanos, atraídos por el idioma, el prestigio académico y las condiciones económicas. Como resultado del contacto intercultural, los estudiantes atraviesan [...] el proceso psicológico denominado aculturación, que implica cambios afectivos, comportamentales y cognitivos. En virtud de lo antedicho, este estudio se propuso identificar predictores de adaptación sociocultural en función de variables sociodemográficas, culturales y psicológicas de estudiantes que decidieron realizar sus estudios universitarios en Argentina. Participaron 216 estudiantes migrantes que se encontraban cursando diferentes carreras universitarias, el 57% eran mujeres (n = 124) y el 43% varones (n = 92), con un promedio de edad de 24.18 años (DE = 4.55). El 86% (n = 186) había nacido en Latinoamérica. El restante 14% provenía de países de Europa y Asia. El tiempo promedio de residencia en Argentina era de 3.31años. Se emplearon diferentes instrumentos diseñados ad hoc y/o adaptados para medir las variables involucradas en el estudio. A partir de los resultados obtenidos, no se pudo corroborar la influencia por parte de variables sociodemográficas (edad y tiempo de residencia). En cambio, entre las variables culturales se constató que percibir bajos niveles de discriminación y ansiedad intergrupal predice buenos niveles de adaptación sociocultural. En cuanto a las variables psicológicas, se corroboró que el apoyo social y la satisfacción percibida contribuyen a la adaptación sociocultural. En términos globales, las variables culturales y psicológicas predicen con mayor éxito la adaptación sociocultural en relación alas sociodemográficas. Abstract in english The interest of this research arises from that Argentina received a growing number of students from other Latin-American countries. International migration has risen exponentially in recent decades due to advances in technology and communications. According to the International Organization for Migr [...] ation (OIM, 2010), the estimated number of international migrants in the world for that year was 214 million, doubling the previous two decades. Globalization has promoted exchanges among different cultures, but also caused the collision between different value systems, beliefs and customs that, in many cases, generates situations of confusion or discomfort in people (Furnham & Bochner, 1986). Approximately 2.9million people each year decide to make or complete their studies in other countries (OECD, 2008). Argentina receives an increasing number of students from other Latin-American countries, attracted by the language, the academic prestige of the local universities and the favorable economic conditions (Filmus, 2007). At the present, international students represent 1.6% of university students in Argentina. Therefore, Argentina is the fourth host country of America, after United States, Canada and Uruguay. As a result of intercultural contact, students go through the psychological process called acculturation, which involves affective, behavioral and cognitive changes. Taking into account the antecedents mentioned, this research proposed to identify predictors of socio-cultural adaptation based on socio-demographic, cultural and psychological variables, in international students who decided to make their university studies in Argentina. The participants of the study were 216 migrant students who were studying different careers. 57% were women (n = 124) and 43% males (n = 92) with an average age of 24.18 years (SD = 4.55). 86% (n = 186) were born in Latin-America. The remaining 14% came from Europe and Asia. The average residence time in Argentina was 3.31 years. The reasons for their arrival in Argentina were diverse, 50% (n = 108) of them considered that Argentina was a good place to study for its academic prestige and low costs. The remaining half was divided between family reasons (n = 47, 21%),

Alejandro, Castro Solano; María Laura, Lupano Perugini.

2013-12-01

44

Virtual strings  

OpenAIRE

A virtual string is a scheme of self-intersections of a closed curve on a surface. We introduce virtual strings and study their geometric properties and homotopy invariants. We also discuss connections between virtual strings, Gauss words, and virtual knots.

Turaev, Vladimir

2003-01-01

45

Sociocultural Theory Revisited: What are the Educational Implications?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Until recently, it was believed that to learn/teach another language, it is sufficient for a person to know the grammar of another language in detail, have a good command of its vocabulary, and be able to pronounce the words, phrases and sentences well. However, later it turned out not to be so easy since more important issues were discovered which made the learning/teaching of another language (SL/FL more challenging than what it was previously thought. These issues are the social and the cultural aspects of L2/FL, the combination of which makes the sociocultural aspects of language learning and teaching. This means that, the circumstances under which we live, together with the symbols, symbolic tools, and signs we use to mediate and regulate our relationships with others, and with ourselves which make sociocultural theory are important issues for learning L2/FL. Later, the three generations of psycholinguistics are provided, the third generation of which is sociocultural theory together with the important notions of each generation. Finally, three educational implications of sociocultural theory are provided.

Mehrdad Rezaee

2011-12-01

46

Children's Learning in the Diverse Sociocultural Context of South Africa  

Science.gov (United States)

Children develop in several interlocking systems--in the context of their family, and within the interaction of such settings as home, school, and church (Russell, 2011). In South Africa, children's diverse backgrounds within families, neighborhoods, and sociocultural environments provide them with varied experiences and opportunities to learn.…

Chikovore, Jeremiah; Makusha, Tawanda; Muzvidziwa, Irene; Richter, Linda

2012-01-01

47

Education for Sustainable Development, Participation and Socio-Cultural Change  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper argues for a historical and socio-cultural approach to participation as a key concept in a democratically oriented education for sustainable development (ESD). With three empirical examples from a non-formal educational setting, it demonstrates that even though a relatively open framework is provided for genuine participation, certain…

Laessoe, Jeppe

2010-01-01

48

Sociocultural Influences on Body Image Concerns of Young Chinese Males  

Science.gov (United States)

This research assessed the extent to which sociocultural factors implicated in explanations of weight dissatisfaction among young Western females extend to sources of body image concern in emerging adult and adolescent males from the People's Republic of China. In Study 1, 219 Mainland Chinese male university students completed measures of stature…

Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong

2008-01-01

49

Linguaculture in the Language Classroom: A Sociocultural Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

This article seeks to explore how a sociocultural approach to learning can change pedagogy in the teaching of second language literacy. As a first step, the changing notions of first language literacy are acknowledged. Vygotsky's notion of everyday and schooled concepts is then used to understand research data gathered in a Year 9 Japanese…

Mackerras, Stephen

2007-01-01

50

Raising Sociocultural Awareness through Contextual Analysis: Some Tools for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite long-standing recognition of the importance of sociocultural context in meaning making, criticisms have been levelled at communicative language teaching (CLT) for failing to effectively address this at the level of classroom practice. In fact, it has been argued that the way CLT presents content reveals a fundamentally reductionist view of…

McConachy, Troy

2009-01-01

51

Modeling socio-cultural processes in network-centric environments  

Science.gov (United States)

The major focus in the field of modeling & simulation for network centric environments has been on the physical layer while making simplifications for the human-in-the-loop. However, the human element has a big impact on the capabilities of network centric systems. Taking into account the socio-behavioral aspects of processes such as team building, group decision-making, etc. are critical to realistically modeling and analyzing system performance. Modeling socio-cultural processes is a challenge because of the complexity of the networks, dynamism in the physical and social layers, feedback loops and uncertainty in the modeling data. We propose an overarching framework to represent, model and analyze various socio-cultural processes within network centric environments. The key innovation in our methodology is to simultaneously model the dynamism in both the physical and social layers while providing functional mappings between them. We represent socio-cultural information such as friendships, professional relationships and temperament by leveraging the Culturally Infused Social Network (CISN) framework. The notion of intent is used to relate the underlying socio-cultural factors to observed behavior. We will model intent using Bayesian Knowledge Bases (BKBs), a probabilistic reasoning network, which can represent incomplete and uncertain socio-cultural information. We will leverage previous work on a network performance modeling framework called Network-Centric Operations Performance and Prediction (N-COPP) to incorporate dynamism in various aspects of the physical layer such as node mobility, transmission parameters, etc. We validate our framework by simulating a suitable scenario, incorporating relevant factors and providing analyses of the results.

Santos, Eunice E.; Santos, Eugene, Jr.; Korah, John; George, Riya; Gu, Qi; Kim, Keumjoo; Li, Deqing; Russell, Jacob; Subramanian, Suresh

2012-05-01

52

PLEs from virtual ethnography to social web  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una investigación exploratoria basada en la etnografía virtualdesde un entorno de investigación y aprendizaje con nuevas tecnologías. La etnografía esun método de investigación cualitativo de las ciencias sociales que es usadoprincipalmente en la antropología socio-cultural, donde tiene su fundamento teórico. Elobjetivo fue explorar la web 2.0 y sus herramientas desde la etnografía virtual. Elmétodo de investigación es basado en la etnografía virtual y la observación participante,la cual se realizó participando en comunidades virtuales y por medio de un blog y otrasherramientas 2.0. El resultado de la experiencia etnográfica es un modelo descriptivo dela web 2.0 basado en un Entorno Personal de Aprendizaje (PLE.

Luis Torres

2011-12-01

53

Wireless virtualization  

CERN Document Server

This SpringerBriefs is an overview of the emerging field of wireless access and mobile network virtualization. It provides a clear and relevant picture of the current virtualization trends in wireless technologies by summarizing and comparing different architectures, techniques and technologies applicable to a future virtualized wireless network infrastructure. The readers are exposed to a short walkthrough of the future Internet initiative and network virtualization technologies in order to understand the potential role of wireless virtualization in the broader context of next-generation ubiq

Wen, Heming; Le-Ngoc, Tho

2013-01-01

54

Virtual marketing in virtual enterprises  

OpenAIRE

Virtualization caused tremendous evolution in the economics of marketing channels, patterns of physical distribution and the structure of distributors and developed a new concept that is known as virtual marketing (VM). VM combines the powerful technologies of interactive marketing and virtual reality. Virtual enterprise (VE) refers to an organization not having a clear physical locus. In other words, VE is an organization distributed geographically and whose work is coordinated through e...

Ale Ebrahim, Nader; Fattahi, Hamaid Ali; Golnam, Arash

2008-01-01

55

Expressed Emotion and Sociocultural Moderation in the Course of Schizophrenia  

OpenAIRE

This study examines whether the sociocultural context moderates the relationship between families' expressed emotion and clinical outcomes in schizophrenia. In a sample of 60 Mexican-American caregivers and their ill relatives, we first assessed whether expressed emotion (EE), and its indices (criticism, EOI and warmth), relate to relapse. Secondly, we extended the analysis of EE and its indices to a longitudinal assessment of symptomatology. Last, we tested whether bidimensional acculturatio...

Aguilera, Adrian; Lo?pez, Steven R.; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Kopelowicz, Alex; Zarate, Roberto

2010-01-01

56

Socio-Cultural Transformation and the Promotion of Learning  

OpenAIRE

La premisa central de la teoría vygotskiana es que para promover el aprendizaje y, consecuentemente, el desarrollo, es necesario intervenir en el contexto socio-cultural y transformarlo. Una interpretación errónea de la teoría histórico-cultural de Vygotsky ha llevado a decir lo contrario y ha abogado por la adaptación de la enseñanza al contexto, aumentando el fracaso escolar. Este artículo ofrece evidencias del verdadero sentido transformador de la teoría de Vygotsky y muestra cóm...

Eda, Roc U. Edo Garc U.; Teodor Mircea; Elena Duque

2010-01-01

57

Regulation of positive and negative emotion: Effects of sociocultural context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Previous research has demonstrated that the use of emotion regulation strategies can vary by sociocultural context. In a previous study, we reported changes in the use of two different emotion regulation strategies at an annual alternative cultural event, Burning Man (McRae, Heller, John, & Gross, 2011. In this sociocultural context, as compared to home, participants reported less use of expressive suppression (a strategy generally associated with maladaptive outcomes, and greater use of cognitive reappraisal (a strategy associated with adaptive outcomes. What remained unclear was whether these changes in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use were characterized by changes in the regulation of positive emotion, negative emotion, or both. We addressed this issue in the current study by asking Burning Man participants separate questions about positive and negative emotion. Using multiple datasets, we not only replicated our previous findings, but also found that the decreased use of suppression is primarily driven by reports of decreased suppression of positive emotion at Burning Man. By contrast, the reported increased use of reappraisal is not characterized by differential reappraisal of positive and negative emotion at Burning Man. Moreover, we observed novel individual differences in the magnitude of these effects. The contextual changes in self-reported suppression that we report are strongest for men and younger participants. For those who had previously attended Burning Man, we observed lower levels of self-reported suppression in both sociocultural contexts: Burning Man and home. These findings have implications for understanding the ways in which certain sociocultural contexts may decrease suppression, and possibly minimize its associated maladaptive effects.

KateriMcRae

2013-07-01

58

Strategy and methodology for the sociocultural reform of education  

OpenAIRE

This chapter explains the strategy for the sociocultural reform of education as a socialization institution that plays a key role in the focused development of value systems, standards, paradigms, and behavioral patterns in the population of Russia. The author reveals the role education plays in modeling such phenomena of social development as the social consolidation of society, the civil identity of representatives of various social groups and national cultures, the encouragement of social ...

Asmolov A.G.

2013-01-01

59

Estrategias de aculturación y adaptación psicológica y sociocultural de estudiantes extranjeros en la Argentina / Acculturation strategies and psychological and sociocultural adaptation of foreign students in Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Sobre la base del modelo de Berry se diseñó un estudio que tenía como objetivo analizar las estrategias aculturativas empleadas por un grupo de estudiantes extranjeros que habían migrado para realizar estudios universitarios en la Argentina. Se analizó el grado de éxito alcanzado en la implementació [...] n de dichas estrategias analizando la adaptación psicológica, la sociocultural, la académica, la satisfacción vital y la discriminación percibida. Se tomó en cuenta la perspectiva del migrante y la de los miembros de la cultura huésped. Participaron del estudio dos muestras de estudiantes universitarios (125 estudiantes extranjeros de diferentes carreras universitarias y 121estudiantes universitarios argentinos). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron los siguientes: las formas real e ideal de la Encuesta de Estrategias Aculturativas de Berry (1997), una escala de discriminación percibida y para examinar las medidas de adaptación, se administraron escalas de adaptación sociocultural y de adaptación académica diseñadas ad-hoc y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985). Los resultados señalan que la estrategia preferida es la integración y la menos utilizada, la de marginalización. Tanto la percepción del migrante como la del estudiante huésped coinciden con respecto al uso de la estrategia aculturativa preferida, coincidiendo las percepciones tanto del propio sujeto en proceso de aculturación como la de los miembros de la cultura receptora. La integración es la estrategia que trae mejores resultados adaptativos. Aquellos que optaron por el estilo integrativo, eran los migrantes que percibían mayor satisfacción con la vida y un mejor ajuste a la vida académica en general. Abstract in english At present the number of foreign university student is one of the largest in modern history. It has been characterized as those who reside voluntarily and temporarily abroad in order to participate in educational exchange with the intention of returning to their country once they have achieved the p [...] urpose of their trip. These kinds of student have been classified as sojourners (temporary residents) and they are people who migrate from one cultural context for a relatively long time (6 months to 5 years). In the last decade Argentina start hosting a large amount of foreign university students, attracted by the language, the favorable economic conditions and the prestige of universities in Latin America. University students have to deal with a psychological phenomenon called acculturation and it is the process of psychological and cultural change resulting from intercultural contact. Adaptation to this event can be either psychological or cultural. The psychological is related to the well-being experienced as a result of cultural contact. Cultural adaptation involves the implementation of social skills needed to function effectively within a complex cultural environment. Based on acculturation Berry´s model a study was designed to test the acculturative strategies applied by a group of foreign students who had migrated to carry on university studies in Argentina. Berry propose two separate dimensions: (1) immigrants feel their cultural identity and customs as valuable enough to keep them in the host society (maintenance) and (2) relationships with other people or groups in society are truly valuable to identified and encouraged (participation). These dimensions lead to four acculturation strategies. (a) Integration: the migrant try to maintain their cultural heritage and also maintains contact with the dominant cultural group. (b) Assimilation: the individual does not retain their native culture and attempts to maintain contact only with dominant culture members. (c) Marginalization: occurs when the migrant has no interest or ability to pursue their native culture and it is unlikely to come into contact with the host culture. (d) Separation: this occurs when the migrant is able to maintain

Alejandro, Castro Solano.

2011-07-01

60

A aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch, e implicações para a educação em ciências / Wertsch's sociocultural approach to mind and its implication for Science Education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma introdução à aproximação sociocultural à mente, de James V. Wertsch. Um primeiro pressuposto da aproximação sociocultural é a noção de que a "ação mediada" é a unidade de análise. A partir dessa perspectiva, a ação humana tipicamente emprega ferramentas culturais, ou meios [...] mediacionais, que são fornecidos por um cenário sociocultural particular. O uso concreto dessas ferramentas culturais envolve uma "tensão irredutível" entre agentes ativos e itens como computadores, livros, linguagem, entre outros. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar a aproximação sociocultural de Wertsch como possível referencial teórico para o ensino de ciências e para as pesquisas nessa área. Abstract in english This paper presents an introduction to the sociocultural approach to mind, as outlined by James V. Wertsch. A starting point for the sociocultural approach is the claim that it takes "mediated action" as unit of analysis. From this perspective, human action typically employs cultural tools, or media [...] tional means, that are provided by a particular sociocultural setting. The concrete use of these cultural tools involves an "irreducible tension" between active agents and items such as computers, books, language, and others. The aim of this paper is to present Wertsch's sociocultural approach as a possible theoretical framework for science teaching and for research in this area.

Alexsandro Pereira de, Pereira; Fernanda, Ostermann.

61

An Activity Theory Approach to Analyze Barriers to a Virtual Management Information Systems (MIS) Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explains how the activity theory is used as a framework to analyze the barriers to a virtual Management Information Stream (MIS) Curriculum in Jordanian schools, from both the sociocultural and pedagogical perspectives. Taking the activity system as a unit of analysis, this study documents the processes by which activities shape and are…

Jaradat, Suhair; Qablan, Ahmad; Barham, Areej

2011-01-01

62

Virtual Reflexes  

OpenAIRE

Virtual Reality is used successfully to treat people for regular phobias. A new challenge is to develop Virtual Reality Exposure Training for social skills. Virtual actors in such systems have to show appropriate social behavior including emotions, gaze, and keeping distance. The behavior must be realistic and real-time. Current approaches consist of four steps: 1) trainee social signal detection, 2) cognitive-affective interpretation, 3) determination of the appropriate bod...

Jonker, Catholijn; Broekens, Joost; Plaat, Aske

2014-01-01

63

Virtual reality  

OpenAIRE

Virtual reality is still in its infancy. However, many contemporary applications already have proven virtual reality to be indispensable to everyday life. For instance, the technology of virtual product design and manufacturing makes the new products better and cheaper. The applications of VR in medicine allow doctors to diagnose a disease more accurately. Without a doubt, it has and will foster more innovative research and applications. High-resolution, low-lag and low-price systems will be ...

Lacra?ma?, Dan L.; Dorina Fera

2011-01-01

64

Virtual Neuron  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurons are able to communicate with each other using biochemicals called neurotransmitters. Use Virtual Neuron to explore neurotransmitter properties, make neurons fire, and manipulate neural circuits.

2009-04-14

65

Virtual Laboratories and Virtual Worlds  

CERN Document Server

Since we cannot put stars in a laboratory, astrophysicists had to wait till the invention of computers before becoming laboratory scientists. For half a century now, we have been conducting experiments in our virtual laboratories. However, we ourselves have remained behind the keyboard, with the screen of the monitor separating us from the world we are simulating. Recently, 3D on-line technology, developed first for games but now deployed in virtual worlds like Second Life, is beginning to make it possible for astrophysicists to enter their virtual labs themselves, in virtual form as avatars. This has several advantages, from new possibilities to explore the results of the simulations to a shared presence in a virtual lab with remote collaborators on different continents. I will report my experiences with the use of Qwaq Forums, a virtual world developed by a new company (see http://www.qwaq.com)

Hut, Piet

2007-01-01

66

Students’ Socio-cultural Competence Development, Using English and Russian Phraseological Units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of socio-cultural competence development on the basis of using English and Russian phraseological units. The authors specify the essence of the socio-cultural competence, define socio-cultural component of foreign language teaching. The authors justify their viewpoint that phraseological units, being the most valuable source of cultural information, exposing background knowledge and culture specific vocabulary, are the effective means of socio-cultural competence development. The set of exercises on socio-cultural competence development on the material of English and Russian phraseological units, developed by authors, include language and speech tasks; tasks based on project and creative research activity methods, which are the basis of development of the main socio-cultural skills that are necessary in intercultural communication

Umit I. Kopzhasarova

2013-01-01

67

Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds Coastline Community College has under development several virtual lab simulations and activities that range from biology, to language labs, to virtual discussion environments. Imagine a virtual world that students enter online, by logging onto their computer from home or anywhere they have web access. Upon entering this world they select a personalized identity represented by a digitized character (avatar) that can freely move about, interact with the environment, and communicate with other characters. In these virtual worlds, buildings, gathering places, conference rooms, labs, science rooms, and a variety of other “real world” elements are evident. When characters move about and encounter other people (players) they may freely communicate. They can examine things, manipulate objects, read signs, watch video clips, hear sounds, and jump to other locations. Goals of critical thinking, social interaction, peer collaboration, group support, and enhanced learning can be achieved in surprising new ways with this innovative approach to peer-to-peer communication in a virtual discussion world. In this presentation, short demos will be given of several online learning environments including a virtual biology lab, a marine science module, a Spanish lab, and a virtual discussion world. Coastline College has been a leader in the development of distance learning and media-based education for nearly 30 years and currently offers courses through PDA, Internet, DVD, CD-ROM, TV, and Videoconferencing technologies. Its distance learning program serves over 20,000 students every year. sponsor Jerry Meisner

Boehler, Ted

2006-12-01

68

New approaches for the asessment and education of children under socio-cultural disadvantages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper describes the traditional psychometric parameters thal don 't fit by workingwith children who suffer socio-cultural deprivation (or who are living under socio-cultural disadvantagesand the new assessment and education strategies for this population. Vygotsky's socio-cultural approach, that emphasizes the Zone of Proximal Development, and the Dynamic Assessment and the Mediated Learning developed by Feucrstein and complemented by Coll relatedwith the Significative Learning are stressed.

Alegría Majluf

2003-06-01

69

A Animação Sociocultural e a Formação Profissional em Turismo: reflexões sobre a animação turística  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumo O presente texto traz alguns pontos-chave que são característicos das atuais discussões sobre a Animação Sociocultural, e tem como objetivo contribuir com as reflexões sobre a mesma e também discutir elementos para se observar a experiência turística. A importância dessas idéias reside na necessidade de ampliar os debates sobre a Animação Sociocultural, buscando um repensar sobre a Animação Turística. Para tal intuito, utilizou-se pesquisa bibliográfica tendo como temas centrais a Animação Sociocultural, o Turismo e a Formação Profissional em Turismo. Ao final, espera-se que a proposta de articular a Animação Sociocultural e a Animação Turística não fragmente a Animação Sociocultural, mas sim incentive outros campos do saber a fornecer mais subsídios para a configuração da própria. Palavras-chave: animação sociocultural; turismo; animação turística; formação profissional. Abstract The present text brings some key points that are characteristics of the current discussions on Sociocultural Animation. It also approaches aspects referring to the field of tourism and it has the pretension of contributing to the reflections on it and simultaneously bringing new elements to observe the tourist experience. The importance of these ideas lies on the need of broadening the debates on Sociocultural Animation and on the possibility of showing the Tourist Animation as a relevant construct to reflections/ intervention. A bibliographical research centered on Sociocultural Animation and Tourism was used as means to this end. At the end, we hope that the proposal of establishing a narrower relation between the two animations does not stimulate the fragmentation of Sociocultural. On the contrary, we hope it will stimulate other fields of knowledge to contribute to the configuration of Sociocultural Animation. Keywords: sociocultural animation; tourism; tourist animation; professional formation.

Cleide Gonçalves de Sousa

2010-07-01

70

The cognitive abilities’ impact on the relationship between sociocultural background and academic achievement  

OpenAIRE

The infl uence of students’ sociocultural background on academic achievement is a well established fact. Research also points out that sociocultural background is related to students’ cognitive abilities and these have an effect on their academic achievement. However, the mediator role of cognitive abilities on the relationship between sociocultural background and academic achievement is less well known. A structural equation model that represents these relationships was tested in a sa...

Diniz, Pocinho

2011-01-01

71

Virtually Possible  

Science.gov (United States)

Diane Lewis began building her popular virtual education program in a storage closet. The drab room, just big enough to squeeze in a tiny table, was her office at the headquarters of Seminole County (Florida) Public Schools. She had a computer and a small staff of temporary workers. Lewis, who managed to open two successful virtual schools for…

Mellon, Ericka

2011-01-01

72

Virtual bee  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a honey bee (Family Apidae *spelled Apiidae in the image caption*). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the Â?HelpÂ? page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

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73

Virtual flea  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a flea (Order Siphonaptera). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the Â?HelpÂ? page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

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Experimental test of the theory of effect of natural strong narrowing of Mössbauer lines and a more general effect of collapse of the hyperfine structure because of fluctuations of the Fermi contact field. Role of virtual transitions in these effects  

Science.gov (United States)

To test the theory of the effect of natural strong narrowing (NSN) of Mössbauer lines on long-lived isomers and a more general effect of collapse of the hyperfine structure (CHFS) because of fluctuations of the Fermi contact field (S.V. Karyagin, JETP Lett. 98, 174 (2013)) with the use of the data obtained by the team led by Davydov (Yu.D. Bayukov et al., JETP Lett. 90, 499 (2009)), the yield of 88.034-keV gamma-ray photons from a silver plate with the 109 m Ag isomer has been analyzed in two variants: (i) the hyperfine structure is resolved and the yield depends on the angle ? between the wave vector of the photon and the external field H ex, and (ii) the yield is independent of ? because of CHFS. It has been shown that variant (ii) better reproduces the experimental data: experimental average count numbers at ? = 0 and ˜?/2 differ from each other only in systematic error the same at 4.2 and 295 K and, moreover, the count numbers with the exclusion of resonance should be independent of ?; this condition is strongly violated in variant (i) and is well satisfied in variant (ii). The threshold condition of the CHFS for the Fermi field has been obtained with allowance for virtual transitions. The collapse of the hyperfine structure is possible at any lifetimes of nuclear levels at any transitions not only in the gamma range but also in other radiation ranges. It results in the complete depolarization of nuclei and radiation. To estimate the Fermi field from experiments, the field | H ex| ˜ 104 G is necessary.

Karyagin, S. V.

2014-02-01

75

A Socio-cultural Perspective on Patient Safety  

CERN Document Server

This edited volume of original chapters brings together researchers from around the world who are exploring the facets of health care organization and delivery that are sometimes marginal to mainstream patient safety theories and methodologies but offer important insights into the socio-cultural and organizational context of patient safety. By examining these critical insights or perspectives and drawing upon theories and methodologies often neglected by mainstream safety researchers, this collection shows we can learn more about not only the barriers and drivers to implementing patient safety

Rowley, Emma

2011-01-01

76

A Virtual Tour of Virtual Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Briefly describes the eight virtual schools in the United States: Kentucky Virtual High School; Illinois Virtual High School; Florida Virtual School; CCS Web Academy in Fayetteville, North Carolina; The Virtual High School in Hudson, Massachusetts; Basehor-Linwood Virtual Charter School in Kansas; Monte Vista Online Academy in Colorado; and…

Joiner, Lottie L.

2002-01-01

77

Virtual Satellite  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Satellite (VirtualSat) is a computer program that creates an environment that facilitates the development, verification, and validation of flight software for a single spacecraft or for multiple spacecraft flying in formation. In this environment, enhanced functionality and autonomy of navigation, guidance, and control systems of a spacecraft are provided by a virtual satellite that is, a computational model that simulates the dynamic behavior of the spacecraft. Within this environment, it is possible to execute any associated software, the development of which could benefit from knowledge of, and possible interaction (typically, exchange of data) with, the virtual satellite. Examples of associated software include programs for simulating spacecraft power and thermal- management systems. This environment is independent of the flight hardware that will eventually host the flight software, making it possible to develop the software simultaneously with, or even before, the hardware is delivered. Optionally, by use of interfaces included in VirtualSat, hardware can be used instead of simulated. The flight software, coded in the C or C++ programming language, is compilable and loadable into VirtualSat without any special modifications. Thus, VirtualSat can serve as a relatively inexpensive software test-bed for development test, integration, and post-launch maintenance of spacecraft flight software.

Hammrs, Stephan R.

2008-01-01

78

Virtually Hawaii  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtually Hawaii is provided by researchers at the University of Hawaii, Proxemy Research, Terra Systems, and private company sponsors. Visitors can explore virtual field trips of the Hawaiian Islands, participate in remote sensing tutorials, work with an interactive spectral imager, view space and aircraft images, and more. The virtual field trip of the "big island" includes a simulated flight, a ground tour, a kids tour, and a link to six ways to enjoy Kilauea Volcano. An interesting and informative site, everyone from kids to grandparents will enjoy its content and ease of use.

79

Alterity and the transformation of social representations: a sociocultural account.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article uses sociocultural theories of self-reflection to theorize how social representations are transformed. While there are several ways in which social representations change, we focus on one way that entails interactions with alterity, that is, other people, groups and representations. We use sociocultural psychology to explore how social representations can shift from being the medium of thought and action to becoming the object of thought and action. This process, we argue, entails alternative representations becoming the new medium of thought and action. Although this account relies upon the psychological process of self-reflection, it avoids psychological reductionism, because the psychological process is based on social and sociological processes. Self-reflection, however, is more of an exception than a rule, and the ways in which self-reflection is blocked are also examined. Future research, it is argued, should examine the ways in which self-reflection arises through the interaction of representations within situated contexts, thus forging a third way between psychological and sociological reductionism. PMID:25292355

Kadianaki, Irini; Gillespie, Alex

2015-03-01

80

Socio-cultural acceptability of cadaver Transplantation in Iran  

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Full Text Available Organ transplantation is known to be a new and innovative treatment for patients with progressive organ failures. The present study investigates the current status of transplantation from cadaver along with its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran. The present study is a descriptive research in a systematic review method. Here, by investigating previously conducted researches in Iran during the period 2002-2010, the status of transplantation from cadaver and its socio-cultural acceptability in Iran has been investigated. To collect the data, the access to Iranmedex website, the premier medical data center in Iran, was made possible using the related keywords. The obtained data indicate whereas there is an increase in the number of organ donations from cadaver, it is still low in comparison to other countries. The lack of consent from families of brain-dead patients is a major hurdle on the way of organ transplantation in Iran. In the cases of willingness to donate organs, the major effective factors were the deceased’s religious beliefs and prior tendency. In 66% of the cases, the donors’ families deemed organ donation phenomenon effective in alleviating the sorrow after the death of their beloved ones. The number of organ donation from cadaver in Iran is low contrary to other countries. It seems that general instructions to raise the knowledge on the subject and lay the foundation to increase the tendency towards posthumous organ donation are necessary.

Mobasser N, Zahmatkeshan N, Farhadi N, Nikeghbalian S and Hasankhani H

2012-01-01

81

Dynamic Virtual Credit Card Numbers  

Science.gov (United States)

Theft of stored credit card information is an increasing threat to e-commerce. We propose a dynamic virtual credit card number scheme that reduces the damage caused by stolen credit card numbers. A user can use an existing credit card account to generate multiple virtual credit card numbers that are either usable for a single transaction or are tied with a particular merchant. We call the scheme dynamic because the virtual credit card numbers can be generated without online contact with the credit card issuers. These numbers can be processed without changing any of the infrastructure currently in place; the only changes will be at the end points, namely, the card users and the card issuers. We analyze the security requirements for dynamic virtual credit card numbers, discuss the design space, propose a scheme using HMAC, and prove its security under the assumption the underlying function is a PRF.

Molloy, Ian; Li, Jiangtao; Li, Ninghui

82

Virtual data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the 1970's, when computers were memory limited, operating system designers created the concept of ''virtual memory'' which gave users the ability to address more memory than physically existed. In the 1990s, many large control systems have the potential for becoming data limited. We propose that many of the principles behind virtual memory systems (working sets, locality, caching, and clustering) can also be applied to data-limited systems - creating, in effect, ''virtual data systems.'' At the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), we have applied these principles to a moderately sized (10,000 data points) data acquisition and control system. To test the principles, we measured the system's performance during tune-up, production, and maintenance periods. In this paper, we present a general discussion of the principles of a virtual data system along with some discussion of our own implementation and the results of our performance measurements

83

Virtual Worlds for Virtual Organizing  

Science.gov (United States)

The members and resources of a virtual organization are dispersed across time and space, yet they function as a coherent entity through the use of technologies, networks, and alliances. As virtual organizations proliferate and become increasingly important in society, many may exploit the technical architecture s of virtual worlds, which are the confluence of computer-mediated communication, telepresence, and virtual reality originally created for gaming. A brief socio-technical history describes their early origins and the waves of progress followed by stasis that brought us to the current period of renewed enthusiasm. Examination of contemporary examples demonstrates how three genres of virtual worlds have enabled new arenas for virtual organizing: developer-defined closed worlds, user-modifiable quasi-open worlds, and user-generated open worlds. Among expected future trends are an increase in collaboration born virtually rather than imported from existing organizations, a tension between high-fidelity recreations of the physical world and hyper-stylized imaginations of fantasy worlds, and the growth of specialized worlds optimized for particular sectors, companies, or cultures.

Rhoten, Diana; Lutters, Wayne

84

Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: gender and age differences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1 La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2 las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3 las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4 el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2, de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC, de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén...

Igor Esnaola

2010-01-01

85

Virtual Sustainability  

OpenAIRE

In four ways, massively multiplayer online role-playing games may serve as tools for advancing sustainability goals, and as laboratories for developing alternatives to current social arrangements that have implications for the natural environment. First, by moving conspicuous consumption and other usually costly status competitions into virtual environments, these virtual worlds might reduce the need for physical resources. Second, they provide training that could prepare individuals to be te...

William Sims Bainbridge

2010-01-01

86

THE ROLE OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES OF AN ART TEACHER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The factors affecting the modern educational milieu were defined as well as the factors influencing its establishment. A model and tested forms of student interaction with the sociocultural environment were proposed. The capabilities of the sociocultural environment for establishing professional educational competences were discovered.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-46

Elena Nikolaevna Sokolova

2013-11-01

87

Evaluating Socio-Cultural Pedagogy in a Distance Teacher Education Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing pressure has been placed on teacher education to prepare teachers to educate bilingual/bicultural students using scientifically-based teaching methods. Socio-cultural theory and pedagogy have emerged as a research-based foundation for diversity teacher preparation. Socio-cultural theory rests on the premise that learning is social,…

Teemant, Annela

2005-01-01

88

Muscle Dysmorphia, Gender Role Stress, and Sociocultural Influences: An Exploratory Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Our study explored the contribution of gender role stress (GRS) and sociocultural appearance demands to symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a college sample of 219 women and 154 men. For women, five GRS subscales, sociocultural appearance demands, age, and frequency of aerobic exercise predicted MD symptoms (model R[superscript 2] = 0.33;…

Readdy, Tucker; Watkins, Patti Lou; Cardinal, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

89

Depression as a Moderator of Sociocultural Influences on Eating Disorder Symptoms in Adolescent Females and Males  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to explore the role of depression as a moderator of sociocultural influences on eating disorder symptoms. A sample of 509 adolescents (56% female) completed self-report questionnaires assessing depression, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms and sociocultural influences on appearance from family, peers and…

Rodgers, Rachel F.; Paxton, Susan J.; Chabrol, Henri

2010-01-01

90

Intelligent virtual interfaces for telerobotics  

Science.gov (United States)

One promise of telerobotics is the ability to interact in environments that are distant (e.g., deep sea or deep space), dangerous (e.g., nuclear, chemical, or biological environments), or inaccessible by humans for political or legal reasons. A key component to such interactions are sophisticated human-computer interfaces that can replicate sufficient information about a local environment to permit remote navigation and manipulation. This environment replication can, in part, be provided by technologies such as virtual reality. In addition, however, telerobotic interfaces may need to enhance human-machine interaction to assist users in task performance, for example, governing motion or manipulation controls to avoid obstacles or to restrict interaction with certain objects (e.g., avoiding contact with a live mine or a deep sea treasure). Thus, effective interactions within remote environments require intelligent virtual interfaces to telerobotic devices. In part to address this problem, MITRE is investigating virtual reality architectures that will enable enhanced interaction within virtual environments. Key components to intelligent virtual interfaces include spoken language processing, gesture recognition algorithms, and more generally, task recognition. In addition, these interfaces will eventually have to take into account properties of the user, the task, and discourse context to be more adaptive to the current situation at hand. While our work has not yet investigated the connection of virtual interfaces to external robotic devices, we have begun developing the key components for intelligent virtual interfaces for information and training systems.

Grinstein, Georges G.; Maybury, Mark T.; Mitchell, Richard B.

1992-11-01

91

Relação sociocultural dos brinquedos artesanais vendidos em feiras livres / Toys in craft fairs and their sociocultural meanings  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A pesquisa objetivou analisar o significado sociocultural dos brinquedos artesanais vendidos em feiras livres. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo descritiva, de campo. Os Sujeitos participantes foram vendedores de brinquedos artesanais das feiras livres das cidades de Campina [...] Grande e João Pessoa, principais no Estado da Paraíba. Utilizou-se da entrevista semiestruturada e da observação direta com registro em diário de campo. Concluiu-se que os brinquedos artesanais apresentam importantes significados para os feirantes vendedores desses objetos, principalmente no que se refere ao período de infância vivida, ao significado intergeracional somado à história cultural do brinquedo e à realidade educacional dos Sujeitos. Abstract in english The research aimed to analyze the sociocultural meaning of craft toys sold in street fair. This is a research of qualitative, descriptive and field approach. The participants were sellers of handmade toys in the cities of Campina Grande and Joao Pessoa, the main in Paraíba State. We used the semistr [...] uctured interview and direct observation in field diary. It was concluded that the handcrafted toys have important meanings for the market trader sellers of these objects, especially with concerns to the period of childhood experienced, to the intergenerational meaning added to the cultural history of the toy and to the educational reality of the subjects.

Djavan, Antério; Pierre Normando, Gomes-da-Silva.

2012-12-01

92

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-04-01

93

El aspecto socio-cultura del pensamiento y del lenguaje: visión Vygotskyana / The socio-cultural aspect of thought and language: the vygotskyan vision  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Una premisa básica de la teoría vygotskyana es la de que toda forma de actividad mental humana de orden superior es derivada de contextos sociales y culturales y que la misma es compartida por los miembros de ese contexto debido a que estos procesos mentales son ajustables. De acuerdo con la teoría [...] sociocultural de Vygotsky, el conocimiento es un fenómeno profundamente social y este fenómeno moldea las formas que el individuo tiene disponibles para pensar e interpretar el mundo. En esta experiencia el lenguaje juega un papel fundamental en una mente formada socialmente porque es nuestra primera vía de contacto mental y de comunicación con otros y representa una herramienta indispensable para el pensamiento. Por considerar que el lenguaje representa un puente muy importante entre el mundo sociocultural y el funcionamiento mental del individuo, Vygotsky calificó la adquisición del lenguaje como la piedra angular del desarrollo cognoscitivo del niño Abstract in english A basic premise of the vygotskyan theory is that every form of human mental activity of superior order derives from social and cultural contexts, and since these mental processes are adjustable, it is shared by the members of that context. According to Vygotsky ’s socio-cultural theory, knowledge is [...] a deeply social phenomenon and this phenomenon molds the ways a person has available to interpret and think about the world. Language plays an important role in a socially educated mind during this experience because it is our first way of mental contact and communication with others and represents an indispensable tool for thinking. Considering that language represents a very important bridge between the socio-cultural world and the individual ’s mental functioning, Vygotsky qualified language acquisition as the cornerstone of children ’s cognositive development

Carmen, Mota de Cabrera; José, Villalobos.

2007-09-01

94

Socio-cultural Transformation and the Promotion of Learning  

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Full Text Available La premisa central de la teoría vygotskiana es que para promover el aprendizaje y, consecuentemente, el desarrollo, es necesario intervenir en el contexto socio-cultural y transformarlo. Una interpretación errónea de la teoría histórico-cultural de Vygotsky ha llevado a decir lo contrario y ha abogado por la adaptación de la enseñanza al contexto, aumentando el fracaso escolar. Este artículo ofrece evidencias del verdadero sentido transformador de la teoría de Vygotsky y muestra cómo los centros educativos de más éxito a nivel internacional comparten la implementación de actuaciones que transforman el entorno social y cultural. Los datos presentados provienen de seis estudios de casos de centros educativos de éxito realizados en cinco países europeos. Los resultados indican que esas actuaciones fomentan el aprendizaje instrumental y, consecuentemente, un desarrollo cognitivo. En todas esas actuaciones es central una didáctica que se dirige a llevar a todas las y los estudiantes a niveles de conocimiento superior.

Roc\\u00EDo Garc\\u00EDa

2010-01-01

95

Body ideals for heterosexual romantic partners: gender and sociocultural influences.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, heterosexual college women (N=327) and men (N=160) were asked about their body type preferences for (hypothetical) romantic partners. Participants chose a particular silhouette value as ideal for a romantic partner, and rated how important it was to them for their partner to have this ideal body type. Men placed more importance on the body silhouette they chose for a partner than women did, and men's importance ratings were positively associated with the rated sexual permissiveness of their peer group and their total media use. Consuming sports media and watching reality television were the best media predictors of men's judgments about women's bodies. Less variability was explained in women's preferences for men partners' bodies, but endorsing adversarial sexual attitudes was positively related to judging the ideals chosen for men's bodies as important. Results were interpreted within both evolutionary and sociocultural theoretical frameworks. PMID:25462878

Murnen, Sarah K; Poinsatte, Katherine; Huntsman, Karen; Goldfarb, Jesse; Glaser, Daniel

2015-01-01

96

Creating opportunities to learn in mathematics education: a sociocultural perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

The notion of `opportunities to learn in mathematics education' is open to interpretation from multiple theoretical perspectives, where the focus may be on cognitive, social or affective dimensions of learning, curriculum and assessment design, issues of equity and access, or the broad policy and political contexts of learning and teaching. In this paper, I conceptualise opportunities to learn from a sociocultural perspective. Beginning with my own research on the learning of students and teachers of mathematics, I sketch out two theoretical frameworks for understanding this learning. One framework extends Valsiner's zone theory of child development, and the other draws on Wenger's ideas about communities of practice. My aim is then to suggest how these two frameworks might help us understand the learning of others who have an interest in mathematics education, such as mathematics teacher educator-researchers and mathematicians. In doing so, I attempt to move towards a synthesis of ideas to inform mathematics education research and development.

Goos, Merrilyn

2014-09-01

97

La solución de problemas cognitivos. Una reflexión cognitiva sociocultural  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al abordar: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo: los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales

Rosalía Montealegre

2007-06-01

98

Hipiles yucatecos, flores multicolores: Estética e identidad sociocultural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Todo discurso posee una dimensión estética, cuya proporción varía de acuerdo con el tipo discursivo que se aborda y que puede ser analizada desde la interdisciplinariedad. Este trabajo se centra en el análisis del hipil que porta la mujer maya de la región de Los Chenes de la Península de Yucatán, e [...] n tanto texto constituido por códigos que interactúan y se integran a la construcción del yo/nosotros y el mundo. En esa prenda, elaborada a partir de una pieza de tela de algodón rectangular, decorada con un bordado alrededor del escote y en la orilla inferior, el diseño y los colores de las flores, hojas, animales, ramas y grecas, constituyen un lenguaje particular que trasciende el juicio estético y adquiere, en su contexto sociocultural, diversos significados para quien lo porta y para quien lo mira. Abstract in english Every discourse has an aesthetic dimension as well as a particular composition that varies according to the discursive type, which can be analyzed from an interdisciplinary perspective. This work focuses on the visual discourse of a traditional Mayan dress, made and worn by women of the Yucatan Peni [...] nsula, and known in Spanish as the "hipil." Fabricated from cotton cloth and embroidered around the neckline and the bottom edge with different motifs such as flowers, leaves, animals, branches and frets, the complex interlacing of images constitutes a particular code that holds different meanings for the wearer and the viewer. In this study I will analyze the garments that are worn in the sociocultural context of Los Chenes (Campeche).

Dalia, Ruiz Ávila.

99

Virtual Sustainability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In four ways, massively multiplayer online role-playing games may serve as tools for advancing sustainability goals, and as laboratories for developing alternatives to current social arrangements that have implications for the natural environment. First, by moving conspicuous consumption and other usually costly status competitions into virtual environments, these virtual worlds might reduce the need for physical resources. Second, they provide training that could prepare individuals to be teleworkers, and develop or demonstrate methods for using information technology to replace much transportation technology, notably in commuting. Third, virtual worlds and online games build international cooperation, even blending national cultures, thereby inching us toward not only the world consciousness needed for international agreements about the environment, but also toward non-spatial government that cuts across archaic nationalisms. Finally, realizing the potential social benefits of this new technology may urge us to reconsider a number of traditional societal institutions.

William Sims Bainbridge

2010-09-01

100

Virtual Tower  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary responsibility of an intrusion detection system (IDS) operator is to monitor the system, assess alarms, and summon and coordinate the response team when a threat is acknowledged. The tools currently provided to the operator are somewhat limited: monitors must be switched, keystrokes must be entered to call up intrusion sensor data, and communication with the response force must be maintained. The Virtual tower is an operator interface assembled from low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf hardware and software; it enables large amounts of data to be displayed in a virtual manner that provides instant recognition for the operator and increases assessment accuracy in alarm annunciator and control systems. This is accomplished by correlating and fusing the data into a 360-degree visual representation that employs color, auxiliary attributes, video, and directional audio to prompt the operator. The Virtual Tower would be a valuable low-cost enhancement to existing systems

101

Virtual Hospital  

Science.gov (United States)

Provided and maintained by the University of Iowa Health Care, the Virtual Hospital is designed as a "medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients." To that end, the site offers current and authoritative medical information for patients and professional and pedagogical information for health care providers. The former includes patient educational briefs browseable by organ system or by a topical list, a collection of peer-reviewed and annotated Web resources, an internal search engine, and archives of a column offering medical advice to middle-aged users. Resources in the health care provider section include several digital libraries aimed at certain specialties (Pediatrics, Pediatric Radiology, Family Medicine, and Medical Student); multimedia textbooks and teaching files grouped by organ system; lectures and publications; and clinical practice guidelines. Additional resources at the site include links to the Virtual Children's and Virtual Naval Hospitals, an internal search engine, and online continuing education courses.

102

Virtual Economy  

Science.gov (United States)

Launched February 26, 1999, Virtual Economy (VE) is an Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Biz/ed, and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC-UK) learning tool based on the UK governmental model for economic forecasting and planning. This elaborate site contains a "floor plan" for constructing a functional budget and is complete with teacher and student guides, case studies, and model details.

103

Sociocultural influences on strategies to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles among ten cultural groups.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study determined how sociocultural messages to change one's body are perceived by adolescents from different cultural groups. In total, 4904 adolescents, including Australian, Chilean, Chinese, Indo-Fijian, Indigenous Fijian, Greek, Malaysian, Chinese Malaysian, Tongans in New Zealand, and Tongans in Tonga, were surveyed about messages from family, peers, and the media to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles. Groups were best differentiated by family pressure to gain weight. Girls were more likely to receive the messages from multiple sociocultural sources whereas boys were more likely to receive the messages from the family. Some participants in a cultural group indicated higher, and others lower, levels of these sociocultural messages. These findings highlight the differences in sociocultural messages across cultural groups, but also that adolescents receive contrasting messages within a cultural group. These results demonstrate the difficulty in representing a particular message as being characteristic of each cultural group. PMID:25497878

McCabe, Marita P; Busija, Lucy; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Ricciardelli, Lina; Mellor, David; Mussap, Alexander

2015-01-01

104

Virtual anthropology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparative morphology, dealing with the diversity of form and shape, and functional morphology, the study of the relationship between the structure and the function of an organism's parts, are both important subdisciplines in biological research. Virtual anthropology (VA) contributes to comparative morphology by taking advantage of technological innovations, and it also offers new opportunities for functional analyses. It exploits digital technologies and pools experts from different domains such as anthropology, primatology, medicine, paleontology, mathematics, statistics, computer science, and engineering. VA as a technical term was coined in the late 1990s from the perspective of anthropologists with the intent of being mostly applied to biological questions concerning recent and fossil hominoids. More generally, however, there are advanced methods to study shape and size or to manipulate data digitally suitable for application to all kinds of primates, mammals, other vertebrates, and invertebrates or to issues regarding plants, tools, or other objects. In this sense, we could also call the field "virtual morphology." The approach yields permanently available virtual copies of specimens and data that comprehensively quantify geometry, including previously neglected anatomical regions. It applies advanced statistical methods, supports the reconstruction of specimens based on reproducible manipulations, and promotes the acquisition of larger samples by data sharing via electronic archives. Finally, it can help identify new, hidden traits, which is particularly important in paleoanthropology, where the scarcity of material demands extracting information from fragmentary remains. This contribution presents a current view of the six main work steps of VA: digitize, expose, compare, reconstruct, materialize, and share. The VA machinery has also been successfully used in biomechanical studies which simulate the stress and strains appearing in structures. Although methodological issues remain to be solved before results from the two domains can be fully integrated, the various overlaps and cross-fertilizations suggest the widespread appearance of a "virtual functional morphology" in the near future. PMID:25418603

Weber, Gerhard W

2015-02-01

105

Virtual impactor  

Science.gov (United States)

A virtual impactor having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency.

Yeh, Hsu-Chi (Albuquerque, NM); Chen, Bean T. (Albuquerque, NM); Cheng, Yung-Sung (Albuquerque, NM); Newton, George J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-08-30

106

Socio-cultural dimensions in household cooking energy choice : Implications for energy transition in Catembe, Mozambique  

OpenAIRE

This thesis investigates the theoretical dimension of fuel transition in developing countries; and assesses the role of socio-cultural factors as determinants of fuel choice at household level. Past research has focused on income as a determining factor for fuel transition, as depicted by the energy ladder model, and the more development oriented energy leapfrogging model. This thesis challenges this notion by providing empirical evidence from Catembe, Mozambique; suggesting that socio-cultur...

Atanassov, Boris

2010-01-01

107

Ramadan Fasting and Competitive Sports: Psychological Adaptation within Socio-cultural Context  

OpenAIRE

The article examines the influence of socio-cultural practices of Ramadan fasting in competitive sports and adaptation pathway of the athletes. The study describes how the socio-cultural context acts as the social “panopticon” and explains the adaptation pathways among Muslim archers. Foucauldian concept explains individual actions and behaviors within social and cultural settings, and adaptation pathways during Ramadan fasting. Eleven elite Malaysian Muslim archers participated in an ope...

Jolly Roy; Rabindarjeet Singh; Anaurene Roy; Shazarina Hamidan

2012-01-01

108

A study of socio-cultural ties determining the international trade  

OpenAIRE

This thesis discusses the influence of socio-cultural ties between countries on trade relations. Increasing literature has elaborated on studies of classic trade determinants to include the role of social or cultural factors on international exchanges. These factors provide advantaged channels through which trade costs are reduced and bilateral preferences are increased. This study focuses on two factors in order to investigate socio-cultural bonds in a context of international trade: migrati...

Tai, Silvio Hong Tiing

2009-01-01

109

SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITION OF TAMANGS : Case Study of Angsarang, Nepal  

OpenAIRE

Ghimire, Mahesh Kumar Socio-Cultural and Economic Condition of Tamangs, A community case study of Nepal. Page 58, 2 appendices. Language English. Spring 2014. Diaconia University of Applied Sciences. Degree Programme in Social Services. Degree: Bachelor of Social Service. The main objective of the study area was to describe the socio-cultural and economice condition of Tamang people in Angsarang Village development committee of Panchthar district, Nepal. Research design with quantita...

Ghimire, Mahesh

2014-01-01

110

Administrative culture in Nepal:does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?  

OpenAIRE

Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

Rameshwor, Dangal

2005-01-01

111

Administrative culture in Nepal: does it reflect the dominant socio-cultural values of Nepal?  

OpenAIRE

Nepalese bureaucracy is accused of being inefficient, corrupt, non-transparent and irresponsible. It is also said that Afno Manchhe and Chakari, which is deeply rooted in Nepalese social values, is also highly institutionalized in the Nepalese administration. Many studies have revealed that socio-cultural values affect the administrative system of a country. Upon this background, this study aimed to map the existing administrative culture in Nepal and examine whether socio-cultural values of ...

Rameshwor, Dangal

2005-01-01

112

Sociocultural patterning of neural activity during self-reflection  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Western cultures encourage self-construals independent of social contexts whereas East Asian cultures foster interdependent self-construals that rely on how others perceive the self. How are culturally specific self-construals mediated by the human brain? Using functional MRI, we monitored neural responses from adults in East Asian (Chinese) and Western (Danish) cultural contexts during judgments of social, mental, and physical attributes of themselves and public figures to assess cultural influences on self-referential processing of personal attributes in different dimensions. We found that judgments of self vs. a public figure elicited greater activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in Danish than in Chinese participants regardless of attribute dimensions for judgments. However, self-judgments of social attributes induced greater activity in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in Chinese than in Danish participants. Moreover, the group difference in TPJ activity was mediated by a measure of a cultural value (i.e., interdependence of self-construal). Our findings suggest that individuals in different sociocultural contexts may learn and/or adopt distinct strategies for self-reflection by changing the weight of the mPFC and TPJ in the social brain network.

Ma, Yina; Bang, Dan

2014-01-01

113

Uso sociocultural de gêneros discursivos por alunos brasileiros e alemães  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados da pesquisa, desenvolvida por Castilho da Costa (2005, sobre o uso sociocultural de gêneros discursivos por alunos brasileiros e alemães de escolas socialmente diferenciadas. A pesquisa busca responder à seguinte pergunta: Como alunos brasileiros e alemães escolhem, usam e “formatam” quais gêneros discursivos ao comunicarem sobre conteúdos iguais ou parecidos? A análise baseia-se em um modelo de análise e interpretação de gêneros discursivos como entidades culturais, que possuem três dimensões: uma lingüística, uma cognitiva e uma pragmática. Na análise de dados foram levantados critérios para a identificação dos meios lingüísticos escolhidos pelos produtores (dimensão lingüística e dos conhecimentos ativados quando da produção de gêneros discursivos (dimensão cognitiva na realização de uma tarefa comunicativa (dimensão pragmática. Neste trabalho são apresentados alguns desses critérios: escolhas de gêneros discursivos, funções textuais, modelos de argumentação, expressões do campo semântico da violência sensorialmente experenciada; e finalidade e concessividade. Os resultados mostram que o uso dos gêneros discursivos por alunos brasileiros e alemães é determinado por parâmetros culturais e sociais, tais como as tensões proximidade/distância, conteúdo abstrato/concreto, dentre outras. Para os Estudos do Texto e do Gênero Discursivo, o trabalho contribui com a comprovação da interculturalidade das escolhas de gênero.

Alessandra Castilho Ferreira da Costa

2009-12-01

114

Passive Control Architecture for Virtual Humans  

CERN Document Server

In the present paper, we introduce a new control architecture aimed at driving virtual humans in interaction with virtual environments, by motion capture. It brings decoupling of functionalities, and also of stability thanks to passivity. We show projections can break passivity, and thus must be used carefully. Our control scheme enables task space and internal control, contact, and joint limits management. Thanks to passivity, it can be easily extended. Besides, we introduce a new tool as for manikin's control, which makes it able to build passive projections, so as to guide the virtual manikin when sharp movements are needed.

Rennuit, Antoine; Merlhiot, Xavier; Andriot, Claude; Guillaume, François; Chevassus, Nicolas; Chablat, Damien; Chedmail, Patrick

2007-01-01

115

Virtual Education: Where Are We?  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses development of virtual education, including potential and caveats. Describes three virtual school programs: Massachusetts Virtual Education Space, Florida Virtual School, and Star Schools, a federal program. (PKP)

Veitch, James; Tu, Pikuei

2001-01-01

116

Interpersonal Influence in Virtual Social Networks and Consumer Decisions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the attitude of college students regarding to interpersonal influence in virtual social networks related to consume decisions. It was conducted a survey with 200 college students from an Institution of Higher Education located in Santa Maria/RS. The sample was obtained through voluntary adhesion and the data collection instrument was applied in a virtual environment. Scales were adapted to measure and evaluate the propensity of students to influence and be influenced by their virtual contacts. The results suggest that the scales adapted are satisfactory to measure what they intend to do. The study also found that men are more able to influence the opinions of their virtual social contacts. On the other hand, the time dedicated to access the Internet positively and significantly influences the propensity of users to be influenced by their virtual social contacts. The correlation between the ability to influence the propensity to be influenced is significant and positive.

Eduardo Botti Abbade

2014-04-01

117

Virtual Reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An artificial environment created with co mputer hardware and software and presented to the user in such a way that it appears and feels like a real environment. To "enter" a virtual reality, a user does special gloves, earphones, and goggles, all of which receive their input from the computer system. In this way, at least three of the five senses are controlled by the computer. In addition to feeding sensory input to the user, the devices also monitor the user's actions

Bhavana Gupta

2012-10-01

118

Virtual World Astrosociology  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay introduces the opportunity for theory development and even empirical research on some aspects of astrosociology through today's online virtual worlds. The examples covered present life on other planets or in space itself, in a manner that can be experienced by the user and where the user's reactions may simulate to some degree future human behavior in real extraterrestrial environments: Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, EVE Online, StarCraft and World of Warcraft. Ethnographic exploration of these computerized environments raises many questions about the social science both of space exploration and of direct contact with extraterrestrials. The views expressed in this essay do not necessarily represent the views of the National Science Foundation or the United States.

Bainbridge, William Sims

2010-01-01

119

Crisis social y reavivamiento religioso: Una mirada desde lo sociocultural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los profundos y acelerados cambios desencadenados en Cuba a partir de 1990, crearon condiciones favorables para un reavivamiento religioso que se ha comportado de forma diferente a lo largo de casi veinte años, en interacción con las complejidades socioeconómicas en lo nacional y global. No cabe dud [...] a que en situaciones de crisis donde prevalecen insatisfacciones, desorientaciones y sentimientos de desprotección se potencia lo religioso, acudiéndose a lo metasocial o sobrenatural como explicación, respaldo, esperanza, ayuda y respuesta ante lo desconocido. En el caso de nuestro país, lo religioso pasó a expresar y reflejar los impactos de los cambios otorgándoles nuevos significados desde la fe. El trabajo que aquí se presenta pretende un acercamiento a la interrelación entre las transformaciones sociales y dinámicas religiosas, tomando por marco el conjunto cultural social global dentro del cual se desarrollan. Abstract in english The deep and accelerated changes that took place in Cuba from the 1990 and onward created favorable conditions for a religious revitalization which, together with complex national and international factors have assumed extremely varied forms during the almost twenty years that have passed since then [...] . There is no doubt that in situations of crisis, where dissatisfaction, disorientation and a feeling of helplessness prevail, the religious factor gains force, and people increasingly seek explanation, support, hope, help and answers in the supernatural powers against the unknown. In the Cuban case, the religious factor came to express and reflect the impact of these changes, assigning them new significance anchored in the religious faith. The text that is presented here explores the interrelation between social transformations and religious dynamics, in the framework of the global socio-cultural context in which this process takes place.

Ana Celia, Perera; Ofelia, Pérez Cruz.

2009-08-01

120

Socio-cultural sustainability of pig production: Citizen perceptions in the Netherlands and Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Many sustainability studies of animal production consider three pillars: the economic, environmental and socio-cultural. Farmers and animal scientists tend to put most emphasis on the economic and environmental pillar and largely ignore the socio-cultural pillar. Socio-cultural sustainability refers to social perceptions of animal farming, including social appreciations and concerns of animal production systems. Integration of social demands and values in the production sector is a prerequisite to justify animal production within a society. The objective of the present study was therefore to gain further insights into socio-cultural sustainability of pig production. Many citizens may not know what contemporary pig production actually entails. To give people a real life experience with pig production, we conducted farm visits with citizen panels with 18 respondents in the Netherlands and 8 respondents in Denmark. In both countries, respondents were divided over two panels and each panel visited a conventional and an organic pig farm. During the farm visits respondents noted their sensory experiences — what do you smell, hear, see and feel? In addition, each respondent made pictures of six positive and six negative aspects on the farms for which they had to write a motivation. The qualitative analysis resulted in seven socio-cultural themes (SCT) of pig production namely: 1) meat production, 2) farm activities, 3) farm income, 4) animals, 5) housing system, 6) environment and nature, and 7) culture and landscape. Each SCT included several socio-cultural aspects (appreciations, SCA) and socio-cultural issues (concerns, SCI). We identified 31 SCAs in the Netherlands and 33 SCAs in Denmark, of which 29 were SCIs in both countries. Although many issues were associated with animal welfare, the results also showed that social concerns of pig production extended beyond animal welfare. In general it can be stated that citizens are strongly concerned about overexploitation of animals in contemporary pig production systems, but at the same time they appreciate the dynamism in a pig farm including certain modern developments.

Boogaard, B.K.; boekhorst, L.J.S.

2011-01-01

121

Virtual Wireless Network Urbanization  

OpenAIRE

Adapting virtualization concepts to satisfy many of today's network telecommunication challenges receives more and more attention. We have developed virtual environment design to allow the coexistence of virtual networks and their respective operators. In our approach, virtualized wireless access equipment are deployed to provide users more flexibility to access their services delivered by the allocated virtual networks. In this paper, we describe how we improved virtual network urbanization ...

Othmen, Braham; Pujolle, Guy

2011-01-01

122

Approach to assessing local socio-cultural impacts using projections of population growth and composition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

All assessment of future domestic development projects assumes that the problems to be examined have been properly identified and defined before the application of a projection technique. An attempt is made to codify socio-cultural problems mentioned in literature and clarify how existing demographic projection techniques can be applied to assessing the problems. The relationship between changes in local population size and composition induced by in-migration and the potential for socio-cultural incompatibilities is described heuristically. For simplification, the problems expected to emerge from differences in demographic composition are classified into three categories: (1) service needs, such as those for housing, recreation, and education; (2) types of social organizations related to capacities for, or constraints on, reaping the benefits of rapid economic development and social changes (e.g., employment and income); and (3) attitudes, values, and cultural perspectives. These areas of concern are very broad, and quantitative projections of population size and composition are more easily related to the first than to the third. Although demographic projection provides a valuable tool for estimating future social change, the knowledge about cause and effect is not sufficient to support the quantification of socio-cultural impact. Therefore, the projections are used only as relative indicators and the assessments of socio-cultural impact based on them are qualitative only. Therefore, identification and assessment of socio-cultural impacts are a means of developing plans to overcome the expected problems.

Baldwin, T. E.; Poetsch, R.

1977-08-01

123

Drive for muscularity and disordered eating among French adolescent boys: a sociocultural model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pursuit of muscularity is an important body image concern among boys which has been described within sociocultural models of risk for eating disorders. This study explored a sociocultural model of disordered eating in which drive for thinness and pursuit of muscularity were both pathways to disordered eating among French adolescent boys. A sample of 146 adolescents completed a questionnaire assessing drive for thinness, drive for muscularity, media-ideal internalization, appearance comparison, and sociocultural pressure. The model was a good fit to the data and both drive for thinness and the pursuit of muscularity were related to disordered eating. Furthermore, internalization and appearance comparison mediated the relationships between pressure to increase muscle and both drive for muscularity and drive for thinness. Longitudinal research could help clarify the role of the pursuit of muscularity in the development of disordered eating and extreme body shape changing behaviors. PMID:22494958

Rodgers, Rachel F; Ganchou, Camille; Franko, Debra L; Chabrol, Henri

2012-06-01

124

'Mobile men with money': the socio-cultural and politico-economic context of 'high-risk' behaviour among wealthy businessmen and government officials in urban China.  

Science.gov (United States)

China's transition from an injection drug-driven HIV epidemic to one primarily transmitted through sexual contact has triggered concern over the potential for HIV to move into the non-drug-injecting population. Much discussion has focused on the migrant men of China's vast 'floating population' who are considered a high-risk group. As a result, many men who frequently engage in high-risk behaviour but are not included in this especially vulnerable group are evading HIV prevention messages. This paper highlights the socio-cultural and politico-economic factors that motivate many of China's wealthy businessmen and government officials, sometimes referred to as 'mobile men with money', to engage in such behaviour. Examination of the activities related to the work of these men reveals a situation where the confluence of a market-oriented economy operating within a socialist-style political system under the influence of traditional networking practices has engendered a unique mode of patron-clientelism that brings them together over shared social rituals including feasting, drinking and female-centered entertainment that is often coupled with sexual services. As a result, consideration of the socio-cultural factors influencing these men's sexual practices is important for responding to the newly emerging stage of China's HIV epidemic. PMID:18975228

Uretsky, Elanah

2008-11-01

125

Caracterización pedagógica de los entornos virtuales de aprendizaje  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RESUMEN: El trabajo parte de la necesidad de explicar pedagógicamente los llamados entornos virtuales de aprendizaje. Al amparo de los denominados enfoques sociocultural, de la cognición compartida y del aprendizaje situado, así como del paradigma CSCL, el texto trata de profundizar en una línea de reflexión pedagógica sobre las formas como actúan las nuevas tecnologías y, en última instancia, sobre las formas como tienen lugar los procesos formativos en los entornos virtuales y las consecuencias que ello tiene para su diseño y configuración en términos pedagógicos.ABSTRACT: This study derives from the need to give a pedagogical explanation of the socalled virtual learning environments. Taking into account the socio-cultural approaches of distributed cognition and situated learning, as well as the CSCL paradigm, the text seeks to delve deeper into a line of pedagogical reflection on how the new technologies act, and in the last instance, how the educational processes in virtual environments take place as well as the consequences this has for their design and configuration in pedagogical terms.SOMMAIRE: Cette étude répond au besoin d'expliquer pédagogiquement les nommés environnements virtuels d'apprentissage. Prenant en considération les approches socioculturelles, de la cognition partagée, et de l'apprentissage situé, aussi que le paradigme CSCL, le texte essaie d'approfondir dans la réflexion pédagogique concernant la façon dont les nouvelles technologies agissent et, au dernier lieu, concernant la façon dont les processus de formation ont lieu dans les environnements virtuels, ainsi que les conséquences que cela a pour sa conception et la configuration en termes pédagogiques.

Ángel GARCÍA DEL DUJO

2009-11-01

126

Sociocultural animation in youth work : Survey of sociocultural animation in the work of the youth coordinators in districts of Finnish Red Cross  

OpenAIRE

Organisational changes have lead to re-thinking of youth activities on the national level within Finnish Red Cross. Its headquarters aims at having more possibilities on supporting the youth co-ordinators in the 12 districts across the country. This final project is one of the studies creating a basis for this development of the future. This study is of qualitative nature and conducted with a questionnaire sent directly to the youth coordinators. The seven elements of sociocultural animat...

Wallenius, Taru

2009-01-01

127

On the Relationship between Socio-Cultural Factors and Language Proficiency (Case Study: Shiraz University MA Students)  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between language proficiency and socio-cultural factors among the Iranian MA students registered and entered at Shiraz University in 2008. The second objective was to explore whether or not one or a combination of socio-cultural factors are predictors of language…

Razmjoo, Seyyed Ayatollah; Movahed, Majid

2009-01-01

128

Sailing against the Wind: Voices of Kenyan Adult Women in U.S. Postsecondary Education and Sociocultural Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the educational and sociocultural experiences of Kenyan women pursing higher education in the United States and how they negotiated their multiple identities. Using a sociocultural theoretical framework and narrative inquiry methodology, seven Kenyan immigrant women pursuing or who recently pursued advanced…

Gatua, Mary Wairimu

2014-01-01

129

Sociocultural Aspects of Russian-Speaking Parents' Choice of Language of Instruction for Their Children in Estonia  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research was undertaken to identify sociocultural variables that influence whether Russian-speaking parents living in Estonia choose Russian, Estonian, or bilingual (Russian and Estonian) instruction for their children. To examine which sociocultural variables are related to parents' choice of language of instruction, 346…

Kemppainen, Raija Pini; Ferrin, Scott Ellis; Hite, Steven J.; Hilton, Sterling C.

2008-01-01

130

Organizational Culture and Socio-Cultural Values: Perceptions of Managers and Employees in Five Economies in Transition  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey-based study compared socio-cultural values and perceptions of organizational culture characteristics held by more than 3,300 managers and employees in twelve business organizations in Hungary, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. Significant differences were found between the five countries on all socio-cultural and…

Cseh, Maria; Ardichvili, Alexandre; Gasparishvili, Alexander; Krisztian, Bela; Nemeskeri, Zsolt

2004-01-01

131

Virtual Laboratories  

Science.gov (United States)

At the frontier of most areas in science, computer simulations playa central role. The traditional division of natural science into experimental and theoretical investigations is now completely outdated. Instead, theory, simulation, and experimentation form three equally essential aspects, each with its own unique flavor and challenges. Yet, education in computational science is still lagging far behind, and the number of text books in this area is minuscule compared to the many text books on theoretical and experimental science. As a result, many researchers still carry out simulations in a haphazard way, without properly setting up the computational equivalent of a well equipped laboratory. The art of creating such a virtual laboratory, while providing proper extensibility and documentation, is still in its infancy. A new approach is described here, Open Knowledge, as an extension of the notion of Open Source software. Besides open source code, manuals, and primers, an open knowledge project provides simulated dialogues between code developers, thus sharing not only the code, but also the motivations behind the code.

Hut, P.

132

Virtual button interface  

Science.gov (United States)

An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

Jones, J.S.

1999-01-12

133

Incorporation of Socio-Cultural Values in Damage Assessment Valuations of Contaminated Lands in the Niger Delta  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Damages on contaminated land have been mostly assessed for developments subsisting on the land, neglecting the goods and services derived from the land which possess only socio-cultural values. This paper aims to ascertain the importance of socio-cultural values in the total economic value of contaminated land, drawing from the experience of a coastal community oil spillage in the Niger Delta. The paper examines what constitutes a valuable interest on contaminated land and how socio-cultural factors are valued in the damage assessment process. After reviewing the literature and decided cases, a questionnaire survey was conducted and a sample valuation report was analysed. It is concluded that there exists a socio-cultural interest on contaminated land which professional valuers do not reflect in damage assessment claims. It is recommended that any comprehensive damage assessment requires the incorporation of socio-cultural values in the valuations.

Victor A. Akujuru

2014-07-01

134

Contexto sociocultural y alimentario de mujeres con embarazos de riesgo / The socio-cultural and eating aspects of women experiencing risk pregnancies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Para favorecer una alimentación correcta la orientación alimentaria debe considerar factores socioculturales que condicionen patrones y preferencias del consumo de alimentos propios de cada población. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir el contexto sociocultural del embarazo y su aliment [...] ación en el ámbito doméstico, mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 6 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo bajo la técnica de saturación de la información. Las entrevistas se transcribieron y analizaron de acuerdo a Bardín con ayuda del programa Atlas TI. Se identificó: incertidumbre por el embarazo no planeado y poco apoyo de la pareja; ciertos cambios en la alimentación para mejorar la salud; percepción de una mala y buena alimentación, aunque ésta no cumplía con las características de una dieta correcta; omisión de la cena y del grupo de verduras y frutas. Las encargadas de preparar y servir los alimentos no siempre fueron las mujeres embarazadas; los alimentos percibidos peligrosos fueron consumidos y los benéficos presentaron consumo escaso. Resaltó la necesidad de capacitar a los profesionales de la salud para considerar al contexto sociocultural en la orientación alimentaria que proporcionen. Abstract in english To promote a healthy diet, the dietary guidance should consider socio-cultural factors as they influence both the food standards and preferences of each population. The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural contexts of pregnancy and feeding in the domestic arena, using a qualitative a [...] pproach. In-depth interviews were conducted using the data saturation technique with six women experiencing high-risk pregnancy. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin method and the IT Atlas program. The following aspects were identified: uncertainty due to unplanned pregnancy and limited partner support; a few dietary changes to improve health; perception of bad and good feeding habits, although it did not comply with the characteristics of a good diet; omission of fruit and vegetable group from dinner. The people in charge of preparing and serving food were not always the pregnant woman; food products perceived as being harmful were consumed and beneficial products were rarely consumed. This highlighted the need to train professionals to consider the socio-cultural context when providing dietary guidance.

Reyna Sámano, Sámano; Estela Godinez, Martínez; Irma Romero, Pérez; Georgina Sánchez, Miranda; José Manuel Espíndola, Polis; Mayra Lilia Chávez, Courtois.

1419-14-01

135

Multimodality and Design of Interactive Virtual Environments for Creative Collaboration : A Social Semiotic Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Developments in digital interaction technologies provide new interdisciplinary fields for creative work at the intersection of design, art and technology. These technologies also present new possibilities to integrate physical spaces with interactive layers of digital information for multi-user interaction, customization and interdisciplinary collaboration. These spaces accommodate new forms of spatial and social practices, provide multimodal communication resources in physical and virtual environments, and allow individuals (or groups) to actively engage with collaborative creative experiences. The three-dimensional representation of space and the resources for non-verbal communication enable the users to interact with the digital content in more complex yet engaging ways. However, understanding the communicative resources in virtual spaces with the theoretical tools that are conventionally used to describe physical spaces become problematic, especially when we consider the affordances and constraints for mediating spatial practices with digital tools. This article proposes a multimodal social semiotic approach to the design of interactive virtual environments and virtually augmented physical spaces as new forms of technologically mediated collaborative spaces. It presents the findings of multiple case studies conducted by different 3D virtual environment technologies and interaction contexts, including screen-based virtual worlds and virtually- augmented physical spaces. The multimodal analytical perspective particularly emphasizes the role of audio-visual resources in co-creating representations for effective collaboration, and the socio-cultural factors in construction of meaningful virtual environments.

Gürsimsek, Remzi Ates

136

Socio-Cultural Factors Associated with the Initiation of Opium Use in Darab, Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to identify socio-cultural factors facilitating initiation of opium use among drug users in Darab, Iran. A qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted. The study began in June 2006 and included 76 drug users, aged 20-43, of whom 95% (72) were male, and 5% (4) were female. The five most common factors facilitating…

Jafari, Siavash; Movaghar, Afarin Rahimi; Craib, Kevin; Baharlou, Souzan; Mathias, Richard

2009-01-01

137

Lo Sociocultural en la Optica de la Producción Científica y Tecnológica Regional: Una Lectura Crítica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Las reflexiones que en el presente texto se elaboran son resultado de un proceso de investigación que busca develar la interacción existente entre ciencia, tecnología y sociedad en el escenario sociocultural de la IXRegión de la Araucania, Chile. El análisis de la imagen y el tipo de relación que las producciones cientrjiicas establecen con la realidad sociocultural regional marcan los objetivos del estudio. Algunos insumos de orden cuantitativo que consideramos, ilustrativos en relación a la lógica e intencionalidad de los proyectos de investigación e innovación tecnológica ejecutados, sirven de base para indagar en tomo a cómo se configura lo sociocultural desde la racionalidad científica. El estudio se ha centrado en los proyectos FONDECYT Y FONDEF desde 1994 (existen otros "actores" que se abocan aldesarrollo científico en la región, ya que éstos representan la mayor producción y más legitima desde el discurso de la ciencia normal como ciencia oficial a nivel de desarrollo científico e innovación tecnológica. Las interpretaciones construidas tienen como referente teórico principal los Estudios Sociales de Ciencia y Tecnologia, apoyándose igualmente en consideraciones provenientes de la Filosofía de la Ciencia y el Análisis Sociocultural.

Mario Samaniego

2002-05-01

138

Body Image and Self-Esteem among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin…

Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga

2005-01-01

139

The Influence of Global Warming Science Views and Sociocultural Factors on Willingness to Mitigate Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

The science education field readily recognizes that perceptions about science's claims and nature influence socioscientific decision making. However, sociocultural factors may overshadow these perceptions when people are forced to make personally impacting choices contextualized within actual socioscientific issues. This investigation…

Herman, Benjamin C.

2015-01-01

140

Sociocultural and Individual Influences on Muscle Gain and Weight Loss Strategies among Adolescent Boys and Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined the role of body dissatisfaction, body image importance, sociocultural influences (media and parent and peer encouragement), self-esteem and negative affect on body change strategies to decrease weight and increase muscles in adolescent boys and girls. Surveys were administered to 587 boys and 598 girls aged between 11 and 15…

Ricciardelli, Lina A.; McCabe, Marita P.

2003-01-01

141

Inherit the Policy: A Sociocultural Approach to Understanding Evolutionary Biology Policy in South Carolina  

Science.gov (United States)

South Carolina biology Indicator 5.6 calls for students to "Summarize ways that scientists use data from a variety of sources to investigate and critically analyze aspects of evolutionary theory" (South Carolina Department of Education, 2006). Levinson and Sutton (2001) offered a sociocultural approach to policy that considers cultural…

Moore, Gregory D.

2012-01-01

142

"Cooking Lunch, That's Swiss": Constructing Hybrid Identities Based on Socio-Cultural Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

This study looks at the discursive construction and negotiation of hybrid identities within binational couples. I analyze conversations produced by Anglophones married to German-speaking Swiss residing in central Switzerland. I employ Bucholtz & Hall's sociocultural linguistic model (2004, 2005, 2010), which views identity as emergent in…

Gonçalves, Kellie

2013-01-01

143

Sociocultural Influence on Children's Social Competence: A Close Look at Kindergarten Teachers' Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted with White American kindergarten teachers from a southeast region of the United States to examine their beliefs about culture and social competence. Overall, from a sociocultural perspective, these teachers had limited understanding of young children's social competence and showed varying degrees of cultural knowledge for…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2010-01-01

144

Lexical Diversity and Productivity in French Preschoolers: Developmental, Gender and Sociocultural Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we examined the influence of child gender and sociocultural (SCL) factors in language production. Subjects were French Parisian children in nine age groups (24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45 and 48 months). A total of 316 language samples were recorded during a 20-min standardized play session. Measures of grammatical and lexical…

Le Normand, Marie-Therese; Parisse, Christophe; Cohen, Henri

2008-01-01

145

Socio-Cultural Variation in Reading Comprehension Development among Fifth Graders in Peru  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the socio-cultural variation in reading comprehension development was examined in 331 fifth graders from schools in Lima, Peru. Reading comprehension was measured using an adaptation of the PIRLS Reading Literacy test. The fifth graders' reading comprehension results, measured over the course of fifth grade, were related to the…

Silva, Silvia Morales; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan

2011-01-01

146

The Development of Mirror Self-Recognition in Different Sociocultural Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

The overarching goal of the present study was to trace the development of mirror self-recognition (MSR), as an index of toddlers' sense of themselves and others as autonomous intentional agents, in different sociocultural environments. A total of 276 toddlers participated in the present study. Toddlers were either 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, or 21 months…

Kartner, Joscha; Keller, Heidi; Chaudhary, Nandita; Yovsi, Relindis D.

2012-01-01

147

Meaning and Identities: A Visual Performative Pedagogy for Socio-Cultural Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article I present personalised socio-cultural inquiry in visual art education as a critical and expressive material praxis. The model of "Visual Performative Pedagogy and Communicative Proficiency for the Visual Art Classroom" is presented as a legitimate means of manipulating visual codes, communicating meaning and mediating values…

Grushka, Kathryn

2009-01-01

148

Clinical Diagnostic and Sociocultural Dimensions of Deliberate Self-Harm in Mumbai, India  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients' accounts complement psychiatric assessment of deliberate self-harm (DSH). In this study we examined psychiatric disorders, and sociocultural and cross-cultural features of DSH. SCID diagnostic interviews and a locally adapted EMIC interview were used to study 196 patients after DSH at a general hospital in Mumbai, India. Major depression…

Parkar, Shubhangi R.; Dawani, Varsha; Weiss, Mitchell G.

2006-01-01

149

Re-Mediating Second Language Acquisition: A Sociocultural Perspective for Language Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a cultural-historical (CHAT) analysis of the practices used by an effective teacher of Latino/a children previously classified as "underachieving" and "beginning/novice" English Language Learners. Although the teacher would not describe her practices in strict CHAT, or sociocultural theory (SCT) terms, our analysis shows that…

Razfar, Aria; Khisty, Lena Licon; Chval, Kathryn

2011-01-01

150

Training of Kuwaiti medical doctors and their specialty choices: sociocultural impact.  

Science.gov (United States)

Kuwait has a comprehensive and well-structured health care system. However, to deliver such care the country relies on expatriate medical doctors. This paper attempts to discuss the sociocultural influences on the training of Kuwaiti medical doctors and their specialty choices in order to gauge future requirements of the Kuwaiti Health Services. PMID:2266884

Bana, L; Ahmed, B; Shakir, R A

1990-11-01

151

Reforming a Teacher Education Program for PRC EFL Teachers in Singapore: Sociocultural Considerations and Curriculum Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores curriculum evolution processes in relation to sociocultural considerations with respect to a (teacher-of-English-as-a-foreign-language) TEFL program conducted in Singapore for inservice (English-as-a-foreign-language) EFL trainee-teachers from the People's Republic of China (PRC). It reports on how curriculum evolution was…

Zhang, Lawrence Jun

2004-01-01

152

Awareness-Raising in the TEFL Phonology Classroom: Student Voices and Sociocultural and Psychological Considerations  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on two phases of a study of a group of advanced TEFL (teachers-of-English-as-a-foreign-language) students. To raise their awareness of the importance of discourse intonation while they were receiving teacher training, this study focuses on examining their sociocultural and psychological inclinations in the choice of phonological…

Zhang, Lawrence Jun

2004-01-01

153

Towards Contemporary Play: Sociocultural Theory and the Digital-Consumerist Context  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces the notion of "contemporary" play in relation to existing ideas about children's play, learning and development from a sociocultural perspective. The need to think about the nature of contemporary play is considered in response to arguments suggesting that the quality of children's play has declined in…

Edwards, Susan

2014-01-01

154

Internalization of the Sociocultural Ideal: Weight-Related Attitudes and Dieting Behaviors among Young Adolescent Girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed adolescent girls regarding body dissatisfaction, dieting, and internalization of sociocultural values, media-influenced knowledge, acceptance of varied body shapes, and media exposure. Girls understood media influence on self-image and behavior and accepted varied body shapes. Significant numbers reported dissatisfaction with weight and…

Sherwood, Nancy E.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2001-01-01

155

"My Home and My School": Examining Immigrant Adolescent Narratives from the Critical Sociocultural Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Privileging the voices of 12 recent Chinese immigrant adolescents, this multiple-case narrative study examined their home and school experiences from the critical sociocultural perspective. The adolescent stories about home testified to the significant influence of immigrant poverty, parental sacrificial altruism, and disciplinary Chinese…

Li, Jun

2010-01-01

156

The Perceived Effect of the Sociocultural Context on HIV/AIDS Identity Incorporation  

Science.gov (United States)

Contexts influence the experience of disease. In this study, I examined how the sociocultural context (e.g., race, class, gender, and sexual orientation) affected the experience of living with HIV/AIDS and the incorporation of the HIV/AIDS identity into the self. I interviewed 36 individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Findings indicate that race,…

Baumgartner, Lisa M.

2012-01-01

157

A experiência sociocultural de universitários da África Lusófona no Brasil: entremeando histórias The sociocultural experience of Portuguese-speaking African university students in Brazil: weaving stories together  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objeto de estudo deste trabalho é a presença de estudantes da África Lusófona em São Paulo, Brasil, com a proposta de investigar uma experiência de imigração temporária. Os dados e as evidências coletados para a elaboração do trabalho relacionam-se a: i projetos de vida e a escolha do Brasil; ii identidade e sistemas classificatórios; iii sociabilidade e redes sociais; e, por último, iv a expectativa do retorno, ou seja, a forma como esses acadêmicos pensam aplicar os conhecimentos adquiridos no Brasil à realidade dos países de origem. Este material foi coletado através de entrevistas, por meio de questões abertas e fechadas. Este grupo forma uma rede de relações ampliada, a qual acolhe também indivíduos de outras nacionalidades, possibilitando não apenas a vivência de contatos face a face, como também a interação através de redes virtuais. Cabe destacar, ainda, que a expectativa do retorno aos países de origem se faz presente entre os interlocutores.The aim of this research is the presence of Portuguese-speaking African students in São Paulo, Brazil, focusing on their experience of temporary immigration. The data and instances collected for this research refer to: i life projects and the choice of Brazil; ii identity and classifying systems; iii sociability and social networks and, finally, iv the expectation of returning home or, in other words, how these students think of applying the newly-acquired knowledge in the reality of their home countries. This material has been gathered by means of interviews, with the use of open and closed questions. This group of students constitutes an amplified network of relationships receiving also individuals of other nationalities and enabling both face-to-face contacts and virtual interaction. It is interesting to emphasize that the expectation of returning home is always present among interlocutors.

Carlos Subuhana

2009-04-01

158

Virtual braids and virtual curve diagrams  

OpenAIRE

This paper defines a faithful action of the virtual braid group ${\\mathcal {VB}}_n$ on certain planar diagrams called virtual curve diagrams. Our action is similar in spirit to the Artin action of the braid group ${\\mathcal B}_n$ on the free group $F_n$ and it provides an easy combinatorial solution to the word problem in ${\\mathcal {VB}}_n$.

Chterental, Oleg

2014-01-01

159

Consciência virtual e imaginário  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Nas discussões contemporâneas acerca de "realidade virtual", "ciberespaço" e "mundos virtuais" falta frequentemente uma reflexão filosófica substancial sobre a função da imaginação sem a qual a realidade virtual não seria nem virtual nem realidade. Neste artigo, eu ensaio um tratamento fenomenológic [...] o da realidade virtual e do imaginário ao desenvolver algumas ideias-chave nas reflexões fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre a imaginação, consciência de imagem, encarnação e "irrealização" da subjetividade por meio do imaginário. Abstract in english Contemporary discussions of "virtual reality," "cyber-space" and "virtual worlds" often lack a substantial philosophical reflection on the function of the imagination without which virtual reality would be neither virtual nor a reality. In this paper, I attempt a phenomenological treatment of virtua [...] l reality and the imaginary by developing key insights in Husserl's phenomenological reflections on the imagination, image-consciousness, embodiment and the "irrealization" of subjectivity through the imaginary.

Nicolas de, Warren.

2009-12-01

160

Security consideration for virtualization  

OpenAIRE

Virtualization is not a new technology, but has recently experienced a resurgence of interest among industry and research. New products and technologies are emerging quickly, and are being deployed with little considerations to security concerns. It is vital to understand that virtualization does not improve security by default. Hence, any aspect of virtualization needs to undergo constant security analysis and audit. Virtualization is a changeable and very dynamic field wit...

Gebhardt, Carl

2008-01-01

161

Virtual currencies- Real opportunities?  

OpenAIRE

The European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as ”unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usually controlled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.” (European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last few years as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field of virtual currencies has been mainly unchar...

Selldahl, Sara

2013-01-01

162

Virtual reality exposure therapy  

OpenAIRE

It has been proposed that virtual reality (VR) exposure may be an alternative to standard in vivo exposure. Virtual reality integrates real-time computer graphics, body tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer- generated virtual environment. Virtual reality exposure is potentially an efficient and cost-effective treatment of anxiety disorders. VR exposure therapy reduced the fear of heights in the first control...

Rothbaum, Bo; Hodges, L.; Kooper, R.

1997-01-01

163

Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: gender and age differences / Insatisfacción corporal y presión sociocultural percibida: diferencias asociadas al sexo y a la edad  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Despierta gran interés teórico y social en nuestros días la identificación y medida de los factores que contribuyen al desarrollo de alteraciones de la imagen corporal y más concretamente al desarrollo de la insatisfacción corporal. El prototipo femenino de belleza dominante desde hace tres décadas [...] en nuestra cultura propone una delgadez tan extrema que resulta no sólo inalcanzable, sino además muy poco saludable. El ideal masculino de belleza, por otro lado, demanda un cuerpo delgado, pero musculado, y éste ha adquirido gran importancia, por lo que con frecuencia se adoptan, a fin de mejorar la propia imagen, numerosas conductas peligrosas para la salud, como el consumo de esteroides, efedrina y dietas alimentarias dañinas. La imagen corporal, conformada por las autopercepciones físicas de cada persona, ha sido objeto de numerosas investigaciones durante las últimas décadas en relación con rasgos psicológicos tan importantes como la autoestima, la depresión, la ansiedad o los trastornos alimentarios y, muy en especial, con la insatisfacción corporal. Está comprobado que, en general, las mujeres manifiestan mayor insatisfacción corporal que los hombres en todas las épocas de su vida, desde la preadolescencia hasta la tercera edad, si bien las diferencias de sexo en la edad adulta y en la tercera edad son menores que en la adolescencia. Por otro lado, aun cuando la insatisfacción de las mujeres con su cuerpo tiende a mantenerse estable a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital, es digno de señalar que la importancia conferida a la apariencia física y, más en concreto, al tamaño y peso corporal, decrece con la edad. La presión sociocultural percibida aparece como principal causa de la insatisfacción corporal. Desde el enfoque sociocultural se señala, en concreto, a los medios masivos de comunicación, al entorno social próximo y a la familia como los tres elementos clave de dicha presión: cuanto más altos son los niveles de presión percibida con respecto a una imagen corporal idealizada, más se incrementa la preocupación por la imagen y por las estrategias de cambio corporal. La investigación previa ha prestado considerable atención a las diferencias de sexo y de edad en cuanto a la insatisfacción corporal, pero se echan en falta: a) conocimientos más precisos sobre la insatisfacción corporal de los hombres; b) una perspectiva comparativa de las diferencias de sexo tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión percibida a lo largo de las distintas etapas del ciclo vital; c) mayor información sobre las variaciones interpersonales en la relación entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida, y d) una mejor comprensión de la naturaleza de las influencias socioculturales. Esta investigación trata de contribuir a la superación de estas carencias planteándose las siguientes hipótesis: 1) La insatisfacción corporal guarda estrecha relación con la presión sociocultural percibida; 2) las mujeres participantes, en todos los grupos de edad, muestran más insatisfacción corporal e indican sentirse más influidas por factores socioculturales que los hombres; 3) las diferencias de sexo (tanto en insatisfacción corporal como en presión sociocultural percibida) son mayores en los grupos de menor edad que en los de más edad; 4) el sexo resulta ser un mejor predictor de la insatisfacción corporal y de los influjos socioculturales percibidos que la edad. Participaron en el estudio 1259 personas: 627 adolescentes, 271 adultos jóvenes, 248 adultos y 112 sujetos mayores de 55 años, quienes respondieron el Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), de Garner, que permite identificar la insatisfacción corporal, así como el Cuestionario de Influencias sobre el Modelo Estético Corporal (CIMEC), de Toro, Salamero y Martínez-Mallén. Los resultados obtenidos proporcionan una visión más completa que la hasta ahora disponible acerca de las relaciones entre la insatisfacción corporal y la presión sociocultural percibida en las distintas etapas de

Igor, Esnaola; Arantzazu, Rodríguez; Alfredo, Goñi.

2010-02-01

164

La afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural: el caso de Chile / Elective Affinity between Cultural Consumption and Socio-Cultural Perception: The Case in Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El presente artículo demuestra la afinidad electiva entre consumo cultural y percepción sociocultural. A partir de los datos de la Encuesta de participación y consumo cultural 2009, de Chile, se muestra evidencia estadística de que el consumo cultural mantiene una ainidad electiva con las valoracion [...] es democráticas, políticas, sociales y ciudadanas de los consumidores. Esta tendencia también es observable entre las personas que pertenecen a segmentos de la población con bajos ingresos económicos, pero que realizan un alto consumo cultural. Con base en las actuales discusiones sobre el estudio del consumo cultural, el artículo desarrolla una reflexin teórica sobre el concepto de consumo cultural y su interrelación con otras dimensiones sociales y políticas. Se discuten los usos del concepto en los estudios sobre consumo cultural en América Latina y se propone una definición que considere las valoraciones que los sujetos hacen sobre los procesos socioculturales que vivencian. Abstract in english This article demonstrates the elective affinity between cultural consumption and socio-cultural perception. Based on the data gathered by the Encuesta de participación y consumo culturóal 2009 ("2009 cultural participation and consumption poll"), in Chile, we came out with statistical evidence that [...] proves that cultural consumption holds an elective afinity with the democratic, political, and social assessments of the consumers of cultural goods and services. This trend can also be observed among people who make part of the low income segments of the population, but that in fact consume high doses of culture. Thus, starting with the current discussions around the studies of cultural consumption, the article develops a theoretical reflection on the concept of cultural consumption and its interrelations with other social and political dimensions. We discuss the uses to which the concept is subjected to in cultural consumption studies in Latin America and we propose a deinition that takes in consideration the assessments that people make of the socio-cultural processes that they experience.

TOMÁS, PETERS NÚÑEZ.

2010-12-01

165

On tabulating virtual strings  

OpenAIRE

A virtual string can be defined as a closed curve on a surface modulo certain equivalence relations. Turaev defined several invariants of virtual strings which we use to produce a table of virtual strings up to 4 crossings. We discuss progress in extending the tabulation to 5 crossings. We also provide a counter-example to a statement of Kadokami.

Gibson, Andrew

2008-01-01

166

Virtual Worlds? "Outlook Good"  

Science.gov (United States)

Many people believed that virtual worlds would end up like the eight-track audiotape: a memory of something no longer used (or useful). Yet today there are hundreds of higher education institutions represented in three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds such as Active Worlds and Second Life. The movement toward the virtual realm as a viable teaching…

Kelton, AJ

2008-01-01

167

La adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural en alumnos búlgaros del español como lengua extranjera / Sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of Bulgarian students of Spanish as a foreign language  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Dedicamos este estudio a la adecuación como un componente de la competencia sociolingüística, sociocultural e intercultural en español como lengua extranjera. Para ello, realizamos un tipo de investigación estadística cuantitativa con el programa SPSS 17 (Statistical Product and Service Solutions), [...] en la que aplicamos el análisis descriptivo y el inferencial. El instrumento del estudio es un cuestionario y los participantes son 59 alumnos de origen búlgaro que estudian el español como lengua extranjera en situación de no inmersión. Los niveles de español de los participantes son B1, C1 y C2. Los objetivos de la investigación se han centrado en analizar algunos aspectos de la adecuación sociolingüística y sociocultural de los alumnos, además de la relación entre la adecuación y el grado de formación (nivel de estudios del español). Nos interesa también observar en qué grado y en qué niveles los alumnos tienden a trasladar a la lengua y la cultura meta pautas de conducta de su propia cultura. Pretendemos fomentar la concienciación sobre la importancia de la adecuación intercultural, pues partimos del supuesto de que se debe enseñar la cultura de una lengua de manera progresiva en todos los niveles, planificando los objetivos y los contenidos y aumentando el grado de dificultad en función del nivel de competencia lingüística y sin perjudicar al resto de las competencias. Abstract in english This paper approaches the issue of adequacy as a component of sociolinguistic, sociocultural and intercultural competence in the learning of Spanish as a foreign language. To accomplish this aim, we carry out a quantitative statistical type of research with the software SPSS 17 (Statistical Product [...] and Service Solutions), in which we apply a descriptive and inferential analysis. The instrument used is a questionnaire and the participants are 59 Bulgarian students who study Spanish as a foreign language in a non-immersion context. The levels of the participants are B1, C1 and C2. It is our purpose to analyse some aspects concerning the sociolinguistic and sociocultural adequacy of students, amongst them the relation between adequacy and level of Spanish of the participants. Likewise, we pay attention to the degree in which the students tend to transfer to the target language and culture patterns pertaining to their own culture. We seek to raise awareness about the importance of intercultural adequacy, because we believe that culture of a foreign language must be taught progressively in all levels. Objectives and contents need to be planned carefully, and the degree of complexity must increase according to the linguistic competence of students, without letting aside other competences.

Dimitrinka, Níkleva.

2012-11-01

168

CORTESÍA SOCIOCULTURAL EN LAS SOCIEDADES MEDELLINENSE Y JAPONESA: UNA INTRODUCCIÓN / SOCIO-CULTURAL POLITENESS IN MEDELLÍN AND JAPANESE SOCIETIES: AN INTRODUCTION  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un análisis intercultural de la sociedad medellinense y la japonesa, teniendo en cuenta la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, con el fin de que sirva de apoyo para los aprendices de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera. Como punto de parti [...] da, se acude a nociones como pragmática en interlengua, transferencia pragmática y el modelo de la cortesía verbal de Brown y Levinson (1987), junto con las nociones de face flattering acts (FFAs), cortesía mitigadora, cortesía valorizante, imagen de autonomía y afiliación, y los contenidos concretos de estas últimas dos categorías. El corpus del estudio se basa en algunos episodios recogidos en Medellín y en Japón. El análisis se centra en algunos actos de habla, especialmente en las relaciones interpersonales no solidarias. En este tipo de relaciones, en la sociedad medellinense se prefiere salvar la imagen positiva, y en la japonesa, la imagen negativa. Es importante señalar explícitamente la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, no sólo a los aprendices avanzados de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera, sino también a los principiantes. Abstract in english This paper presents an intercultural analysis between the Medellin and the Japanese society, taking into account the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another, to serve as support for second language learners or foreign language. As a starting point, there are notions [...] of interlanguage pragmatics, pragmatic transfer and the model of politeness of Brown and Levinson (1987) with its alternatives. The corpus of the study is based on some episodes collected in Medellin and in Japan. The analysis focuses on some speech acts, especially in non-solidarity interpersonal relationships. In such relationships, in Medellin society is preferred to save the positive face and in the Japanese, the negative face. It is important to teach the variability of the socio-cultural politeness from one culture to another explicitly not only to advanced learners of a second or foreign language, but beginners.

Ji Son, Jang.

2011-08-01

169

Metodologías que optimizan la comunicación en entornos de aprendizaje virtual Methodologies to Improve Communication in Virtual Learning Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los principales avances educativos y el actual auge de los modelos de formación se deben a la incorporación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, así como a la aplicación de elementos pedagógicos provenientes de aproximación sociocultural. Desde este enfoque educativo, la comunicación es un elemento esencial en los procesos de aprendizaje y enseñanza, por tanto, estas herramientas, entendidas como artefactos tecnológicos de producción cultural, ofrecen un excelente soporte innovador, permitiendo contar con entornos virtuales de aprendizaje, como las ofrecidas por las plataformas para el aprendizaje colaborativo mediado por ordenador (CSCL que favorecen la comunicación, la mediación y la construcción compartida del conocimiento (coconstrucción. La comunicación virtual es uno de los aspectos esenciales en la formación a distancia como también lo es la formación semipresencial (blended learning, que comienza a adquirir un importante papel en contextos presenciales que utilizan estos entornos como instancias complementarias destinadas a extender la clase fuera de las fronteras del aula. En este sentido, es relevante un aporte de las diversas experiencias telemáticas de aprendizaje que usan modalidades de aprendizaje cooperativo o colaborativo en entornos virtuales. En el trabajo que presentamos se organizan y describen experiencias de aprendizaje cooperativo y colaborativo mediado por ordenador con estudiantes de diferentes niveles educativos. Los resultados y conclusiones de dichas experiencias evidencian una mejora de habilidades sociales, habilidades comunicativas, motivación y rendimiento académico independientemente del tipo de modalidad de aprendizaje compartido.The main advances in education and the current expansion of training models are due to the incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs, as well as pedagogical elements arising from the socio-cultural approach. Communication is an essential element in the processes of teaching and learning in this educational approach. Therefore, ICTs offer us an excellent innovative support, allowing use to make use of such virtual learning environments as Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning (CSCL, which enables communication, mediation and knowledge construction. Virtual communication is one of the essential elements in blended learning, and it is even starting to play an important role in traditional teaching environments. In this regard, we consider that a contribution from different teaching and learning experiences in virtual scenarios (Synergeia; BSCW; Moodle… is necessary. In this article, we describe several cooperative and collaborative computer-mediated learning experiences with students of different educational levels. The results and conclusions on Collaborative Computer-Assisted Learning experiences reveal an improvement in motivation, academic performance and the development of social and communication skills, regardless of the use of cooperative (cooperative learning techniques or collaborative learning.

Sonia Rodríguez Fernández

2010-03-01

170

Virtual Knot Cobordism  

OpenAIRE

This paper defines a theory of cobordism for virtual knots and studies this theory for standard and rotational virtual knots and links. Non-trivial examples of virtual slice knots are given. Determinations of the four-ball genus of positive virtual knots are given using the results of a companion paper by the author and Heather Dye and Aaron Kaestner. Problems related to band-passing are explained, and a theory of isotopy of virtual surfaces is formulated in terms of a gener...

Kauffman, Louis H.

2014-01-01

171

A Virtual Class Calculus  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Virtual classes are class-valued attributes of objects. Like virtual methods, virtual classes are defined in an object's class and may be redefined within subclasses. They resemble inner classes, which are also defined within a class, but virtual classes are accessed through object instances, not as static components of a class. When used as types, virtual classes depend upon object identity - each object instance introduces a new family of virtual class types. Virtual classes support large scale program composition techniques, including higher-order hierarchies and family polymorphism. The original definition of virtual classes in BETA left open the question of static type safety, since some type errors were not caught until runtime. Later the languages Caesar and gbeta have used a more strict static analysis in order to ensure static type safety. However, the existence of a sound, statically typed model for virtual classes has been a long-standing open question. This paper presents a virtual class calculus,vc, that captures the essence of virtual classes in these full-fledged programming languages. The key contributions of the paper are a formalization of the dynamic and static semantics of vc and a proof of the soundness of vc.

Ernst, Erik; Ostermann, Klaus

2006-01-01

172

Festival da loucura e a dimensão sociocultural da Reforma Psiquiátrica / Madness festival and socio-cultural dimension of the Psychiatric Reform / Festival de la locura y la dimensión sociocultural de la Reforma Psiquiátrica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva discutir os significados do Festival da Loucura realizado em Barbacena. Realizada análise documental das reportagens publicadas, no período de 2006 a 2010, nos jornais de circulação local, estadual e nacional. Os dados foram analisados sob o referencial metodológico do Discurso [...] do Sujeito Coletivo. Os significados do Festival da Loucura identificados foram: evento de múltipla parceria, inusitado, acadêmico-cultural, turístico-cultural, polêmico, mudança de paradigma e resgate histórico. Os significados encontrados do Festival da Loucura expressam a dimensão sociocultural do processo da Reforma Psiquiátrica e apontam que para entender a mudança de paradigma na saúde mental e compreender as alterações da política de atenção necessita-se de uma abordagem histórica, política e social. Abstract in spanish Este estudio tiene como objetivo discutir los significados del Festival de la locura celebrado en Barbacena. Presenta un análisis documental de los artículos publicados en el período 2006-2010, en los periódicos locales, estatales y de circulación nacional. Los datos fueron analizados de acuerdo con [...] el marco metodológico del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Se identificaron significados del Festival de la locura: evento colaboración múltiple, inusual, académico y cultural, turístico y cultural, polémico, cambio de paradigma y recuperación histórica. Los significados encuentran el Festival de la Locura expresar la dimensión sociocultural del proceso de reforma psiquiátrica y señalan que para entender el cambio de paradigma en la salud mental y entender los cambios de la política de las necesidades es un enfoque histórico, político y social. Abstract in english This study aims to discuss the meanings of madness festival held in Barbacena. Realized documental analysis of published reports, the period 2006 to 2010, newspapers in local, state and national. Data were analyzed from the methodological framework of the Collective Subject Discourse. The meanings o [...] f madness festival identified were: event of multiple partners, unexpected, academic, cultural, tourist, controversial, paradigm shift and a historical. The meanings found express the socio-cultural dimension of the process of Psychiatric Reform and points out that to understand the paradigm shift in mental health and understand the policy changes requires attention to a historical, political and social.

Nadja Cristiane Lappann, Botti; Michele Cecília Silva, Torrézio.

173

The Deployment of Morphological Processes for Socio-Cultural Concepts and Experiences in Educated Nigerian English (ENE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Educated Nigerians express and store socio-cultural concepts and experiences in various linguistic ways, three of which are examined in this paper: lexicalization, compounding and reduplication. They are conceptualized as intraference in the main because educated Nigerians apply internal linguistic rules arbitrarily, taking a cue from similar instances in the language. This linguistic habit of intraference then works together with contexts and socio-cultural settings to generate intriguing lexical variations. Hence this paper is variationist sociolinguistic. Examples in this paper were gathered through observation, library research, interview, live recording of some linguistic events across Nigeria from 2005 to 2012. The examples of the three morphological processes give ENE some distinctive morphological features.  They clearly show how the contexts of use and socio-cultural dynamics constrain educated Nigerians to deploy the extant morphemic and lexico-semantic rules of the language to produce lexical variations.Keywords: Lexicalization, Compounding, Reduplication, socio-cultural concepts, Educated Nigerian English

Steve Bode Ekundayo

2013-05-01

174

Virtual World Security Inspection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual property theft is a serious problem that exists in virtual worlds. Legitimate users of these worlds invest considerable amounts of time, effort and real-world money into obtaining virtual property, but unfortunately, are becoming victims of theft in high numbers. It is reported that there are over 1 billion registered users of virtual worlds containing virtual property items worth an estimated US$50 billion dollars. The problem of virtual property theft is complex, involving many legal, social and technological issues. The software used to access virtual worlds is of great importance as they form the primary interface to these worlds and as such the primary interface to conduct virtual property theft. The security vulnerabilities of virtual world applications have not, to date, been examined. This study aims to use the process of software inspection to discover security vulnerabilities that may exist within virtual world software – vulnerabilities that enable virtual property theft to occur. Analyzing three well know virtual world applications World of Warcraft, Guild Wars and Entropia Universe, this research utilized security analysis tools and scenario testing with focus on authentication, trading, intruder detection and virtual property recovery. It was discovered that all three examples were susceptible to keylogging, mail and direct trade methods were the most likely method for transferring stolen items, intrusion detection is of critical concern to all VWEs tested, stolen items were unable to be recovered in all cases and lastly occurrences of theft were undetectable in all cases. The results gained in this study present the key problem areas which need to be addressed to improve security and reduce the occurrence of virtual property theft.

Nicholas Charles Patterson

2012-06-01

175

Sociocultural and Victimization Factors That Impact Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence Among Kenyan Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the association between acceptance of intimate partner violence (IPV) and reported IPV victimization among Kenyan women, taking into consideration select sociocultural factors that may also influence acceptance of IPV. Data from a nationally representative, cross-sectional, household survey conducted between November 2008 and February 2009 in Kenya were analyzed. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to estimate the effect of select sociodemographic characteristics and reported IPV victimization on acceptance of IPV. The results showed that while both sociodemographic characteristics and reported IPV victimization were significantly associated with IPV acceptance, sociocultural factors had a greater impact. Programs aimed at empowering women and culturally competent IPV prevention strategies may be the key elements to reducing IPV. PMID:25355859

Mugoya, George C T; Witte, Tricia H; Ernst, Kacey C

2014-10-29

176

The Role of Language-Game in Sociocultural Adaptation: Russian Students in France  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Higher educational institutions throughout the world are involved in communication with each other, exchanging instructional ideas and practices, as well as exchanging students through a number of international mobility programs. This paper examines sociocultural adaptation of international students with special attention to the dimensions of adaptation viewed from the perspective of language-game. For this purpose, 34 Russian students who study in French universities and higher schools (“grandes écoles” as exchange students were interviewed in Paris (France and Novosibirsk (Russia. The research shows that language-game is used in different dimensions of adaptation related to educational system, sociocultural context, mentality, and sociopolitical life. In order to overcome problems in adaptation and establish successful interaction, students use language-game to adjust to the unfamiliar social, cultural, and educational contexts.

Svetlana Sablina

2013-03-01

177

Sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little research on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural influences on them, has been undertaken in non-Western contexts. The current study investigated these variables and the relationships between them among a sample of 529 Malaysian high school students (103 Malays, 344 Chinese and 82 Indians), who completed a set of measures in classroom settings. Chinese girls were more dissatisfied with their bodies than Chinese boys, but no gender difference was found for Malay and Indian participants. Girls were more likely to engage in behaviors to lose weight, and boys were more likely to engage in behaviors to increase muscle. The influence of sociocultural factors on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors was limited and varied across both sex and ethnicity. Findings are discussed in relation to Western research, and it is concluded that cultural nuances need to be considered when investigating these phenomena. PMID:19195942

Mellor, David; McCabe, Marita; Ricciardelli, Lina; Yeow, James; Daliza, Nur; Hapidzal, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd

2009-03-01

178

Socio-cultural, environmental and behavioural determinants of obesity in black South African women.  

Science.gov (United States)

South Africa (SA) is undergoing a rapid epidemiological transition and has the highest prevalence of obesity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with black women being the most affected (obesity prevalence 31.8%). Although genetic factors are important, socio-cultural, environmental and behavioural factors, as well as the influence of socio-economic status, more likely explain the high prevalence of obesity in black SA women. This review examines these determinants in black SA women, and compares them to their white counterparts, black SA men, and where appropriate, to women from SSA. Specifically this review focuses on environmental factors influencing obesity, the influence of urbanisation, as well as the interaction with socio-cultural and socio-economic factors. In addition, the role of maternal and early life factors and cultural aspects relating to body image are discussed. This information can be used to guide public health interventions aimed at reducing obesity in black SA women. PMID:24051701

Micklesfield, Lisa K; Lambert, Estelle V; Hume, David John; Chantler, Sarah; Pienaar, Paula R; Dickie, Kasha; Puoane, Thandi; Goedecke, Julia H

2013-01-01

179

La solución de problemas cognitivos: Una reflexión cognitiva sociocultural / The Solution of Cognitive Problems: A Cognitive and Socio-Cultural Reflection  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo, que se basa en la psicología histórico-cultural, enfatiza la solución de problemas como función psicológica superior ligada con otras funciones psíquicas: lenguaje, pensamiento, razonamiento, etc. Presenta una reflexión sociocultural sobre la solución de problemas cognitivos al aborda [...] r: 1. El pensamiento productivo (creativo): los métodos de investigación y los instrumentos (artefactos) de mediación; 2. La ciencia cognitiva: el sistema de procesamiento de información, la cognición distribuida y la formación de acciones mentales; 3. El conflicto sociocognitivo: las interacciones sociales, el conflicto estructurante, la regulación sociocognitiva y la zona de desarrollo próximo. Concluye en la necesidad de formar la solución de problemas desarrollando: el pensamiento productivo, las estrategias cognitivas y el análisis de conceptos y hechos sociales. Abstract in english This work was done based on the Historial-Cultural Psychology perspective. It emphasizes the Problem Solving as a High Psychological Function linked with other psychological functions such us: language, thinking, reasoning etc.. It presents a sociocultural reflection on Cognitive Problem Solving whe [...] n approaching: 1. The productive thinking (creative): the research methods and the instruments (tools, artefacts) of mediation; 2. The cognitive science: the information process system, the distributed cognition and the mental actions formation; 3. The sociocognitive conflict: the social interactions, the structuring conflict, the sociocognitive regulation and the zone of proximal development. It concludes with the need of forming the problem solving by: developing the productive thinking, the cognitive strategies, and the analysis of concepts and social facts.

Rosalía, Montealegre.

2007-12-01

180

Nivel de escritura en alumnos de primer grado, de estrato sociocultural bajo / How first grade students proceeding from low sociocultural level write  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El presente reporte da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y el nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de escritura los alumnos de primer grado de primaria, pertenecientes a escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluó a 165 alumnos a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004- [...] 2005. Se caracterizan las habilidades de copia, dictado, composición y comprensión que los alumnos logran en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal y se relacionan con los niveles preacadémicos y lingüísticos mostrados por ellos al iniciar el curso. Se discuten los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, tomando en cuenta los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This paper analyzes the development process and the efficiency level at writing skills attained by first grade students, enrolled in Mexican public schools from a low socio cultural status. Throughout the scholar term 2004-2005, 165 students were assessed. The copy, dictation, composition and compre [...] hension skills attained by the students at different moments of their first formal education cycle were characterized and related with the pre academic and linguistic levels shown at the beginning of the cycle. Results are discussed and some proposals are made to foster the development of literacy within children from a low socio cultural status regarding the expositions from the educational psychology and the related research.

Yolanda, Guevara Benítez; Alfredo, López Hernández; Gustavo, García Vargas; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo García.

181

Relationship Between Socio-cultural Environment And Creativity Of Secondary School Pupils Of Bangarpet Taluk  

OpenAIRE

This paper makes an attempt to study the relationship between socio-cultural environment and creativity of secondary school pupils of Bangarpet Taluk. Bangarpet is a backward Taluk (Administrative division under district) in Karnataka state of Country India.Educational system in the modern industrial societies is enhanced by social and cultural environment. As the responsibility of educating the child is vested upon the nation itself and therefore it is important to recognize that if a perso...

Sumita Rao, K.

2012-01-01

182

Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal  

OpenAIRE

This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy ...

Kimber Haddix McKay

2010-01-01

183

'Striving for Motherhood': Understanding the Socio-Cultural Context of Realizing Childbearing Among Women in Kenya  

OpenAIRE

PMTCT allows people living with HIV to actualize childbearing. However, it also complicates motherhood, as the medical consequences and public health implications of non-adherence to PMTCT service recommendations disrupt socio-cultural expectations of childbearing and parenthood. This thesis aimed to study childbearing and adherence to PMTCT interventions focusing on how women living with HIV realize motherhood in Kenya. We sought to answer how women on ART experience mother...

Awiti Ujiji, Opondo

2011-01-01

184

Role of Sociocultural Factors in Depression among Elderly of Twin Cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan  

OpenAIRE

This research was conducted to examine the role of sociocultural factors on depression among elderly of twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan. 310 older adults participated in the present study. Through convenient sampling technique, face to face interview was carried out for data collection. Urdu translated Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form and demographic sheet were used to test hypotheses. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis. Results showed signif...

Saira Javed

2014-01-01

185

Socio-Cultural and Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services Provided by Mediterranean Mountain Agroecosystems  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this work was to elucidate the socio-cultural and economic value of a number of ecosystem services delivered by mountain agroecosystems (mostly grazing systems) in Euro-Mediterranean regions. We combined deliberative (focus groups) and survey-based stated-preference methods (choice modelling) to, first, identify the perceptions of farmers and other citizens on the most important ecosystem services and, second, to value these in economic terms according to the willingness to pay o...

Bernue?s Jal, Alberto; Rodri?guez Ortega, Tamara; Ripoll Bosch, Raimon; Alfnes, F.

2014-01-01

186

Sociocultural factors and malaria in the desert part of Rajasthan, India  

OpenAIRE

Background & objectives: Malaria is a new emerging problem of Indian Thar Desert. The study wasattempted to find out some sociocultural factors associated with malaria transmission in this regionand to supplement social solutions to ongoing malaria control efforts in the desert part of Rajasthan.Methods: Interview technique was used for data collection on pre-tested schedules. In all 30 households(15 from low socioeconomic group and the same number of households from the high socioeconomicgro...

S P Yadav, R. K. Kalundha

2007-01-01

187

Different experiences of socio-cultural integration: a European merger in Mexico  

OpenAIRE

Purpose – Building on social identity theory, the purpose of this paper is to present a study on the socio-cultural integration process in amerger of twoEuropean pharmaceutical subsidiaries inMexico. The paper investigates antecedents of perceived threat to pre-merger identities in an officially claimed “merger-of-equals”. Design/methodology/approach – A mixed-methods approach was adopted comprising semi-structured interviews (with 37 interview partners) and standardized employee surv...

Lupina-wegener, Anna A.; Schneider, Susan C.; Dick, Rolf

2011-01-01

188

The Role of Language-Game in Sociocultural Adaptation: Russian Students in France  

OpenAIRE

Higher educational institutions throughout the world are involved in communication with each other, exchanging instructional ideas and practices, as well as exchanging students through a number of international mobility programs. This paper examines sociocultural adaptation of international students with special attention to the dimensions of adaptation viewed from the perspective of language-game. For this purpose, 34 Russian students who study in French universities and higher schools (“g...

Svetlana Sablina; Olga Kopiatina

2013-01-01

189

Sociocultural theory and reading comprehension: The scaffolding of readers in an EFL context  

OpenAIRE

The focus of the present study was to investigate the possible effects of sociocultural-based teaching techniques on EFL learners reading comprehension. The basic purpose was to clarify how learners reading comprehension and strategy use could be affected by the types of teaching techniques and how high and low proficiency learners profited from the intervention. Iranian EFL students were used as the participants of the study. A NELSON language proficiency test, a researcher-made reading comp...

Ghafar Samar, Reza; Dehqan, Mahmood

2013-01-01

190

Habilidades de lectura en primer grado en alumnos de estrato sociocultural bajo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo da cuenta del proceso de desarrollo y del nivel de eficiencia que logran en sus habilidades de lectura alumnos de primer grado de primaria, de escuelas públicas mexicanas, de estrato sociocultural bajo. Se evaluaron 165 niños durante el ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Con base en los re [...] sultados, se caracterizan sus habilidades de lectura en silencio y oral, así como su comprensión en diferentes momentos de su primer ciclo de educación formal. Se analizan los niveles logrados tomando como variables la edad de ingreso a primaria y el número de años cursados en preescolar. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se hacen propuestas que pueden favorecer el desarrollo de la alfabetización en niños de estrato sociocultural bajo, considerando los planteamientos de la psicología educativa y las investigaciones en el campo. Abstract in english This article explains the developmental process and the level of efficiency first-graders from low sociocultural levels, who attend Mexican public schools, attain in their reading skills. An evaluation was made of 165 children during the 2004-2005 school year. Based on the results of the evaluation, [...] the children's silent and oral reading skills were described, in addition to their reading comprehension, at different times during their first year of formal schooling. The analysis used the variables of age at enrollment and the number of years of preschool attendance. The implications of the results are discussed and proposals are presented that may favor the development of literacy in children from low sociocultural levels, taking into consideration the ideas of educational psychology and research in the field.

Yolanda, Guevara B.; Alfredo, López H.; Gustavo, García V.; Ulises, Delgado S.; Ángela, Hermosillo G.; Juan Pablo, Rugerio.

2008-06-01

191

Children’s Learning in the Diverse Socio-Cultural Context of South Africa  

OpenAIRE

Children develop in several interlocking systems–in the context of their family, and within the interaction of settings such as home, school, and church (Russell, 2011). In South Africa, children’s diverse backgrounds within families, neighborhoods and socio-cultural environments provide them with varied experiences and opportunities to learn. Whether growing up in urban or rural communities, belonging to a specific race and ethnic group, or being poor or rich, all imply exposure to cultu...

Chikovore, Jeremiah; Makusha, Tawanda; Muzvidziwa, Irene; Richter, Linda

2012-01-01

192

Handling power-asymmetry in interactions with infants : A comparative socio-cultural perspective  

OpenAIRE

Interaction between adults and infants by nature constitutes a strong powerasymmetry relationship. Based on the assumption that communicative practices with infants are inseparably intertwined with broader cultural ideologies of good child care, this paper will contrast how parents in two distinct socio-cultural communities deal with power asymmetry in interactions with 3-months old infants. The study consists of a microanalysis of videotaped free play mother-infant interactions from 20 middl...

Demuth, Carolin

2013-01-01

193

Between life and death: exploring the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in rural Ethiopia  

OpenAIRE

The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the woman’s survival ...

Hanlon, Charlotte; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; Prince, Martin

2010-01-01

194

Socio-cultural factors and school engagement : A study among Turkish, Moroccan, Assyrian and native Dutch youth in the Netherlands  

OpenAIRE

This dissertation focuses on the impact of socio-cultural factors on school engagement of minority students in Dutch secondary schools. This question was raised because studies that focus on the impact of structural or institutional factors were often left with an 'ethnic residual'. This ethnic factor is often post-hoc related to socio-cultural factors without a solid explanation of how such factors impact on school engagement. This dissertation aimed at filling this gap by focusing on the im...

Andriessen, Iris

2006-01-01

195

Sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise: a prospective study of adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

The risk factors for compulsive exercise are unknown. This study aims to explore longitudinal sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise, using a 12-month prospective design. A sample of 332 male and female adolescents (aged 13-15 years at baseline) completed self-report measures of sociocultural risk factors and compulsive exercise at baseline and eating disorder psychopathology and compulsive exercise at 12-month follow-up assessment. Hierarchical regressions found that family and peer messages to become more muscular predicted compulsive exercise in boys, whereas feeling pressure from the media to be thin was a significant predictor of compulsive exercise in girls. These relationships remained significant when controlling for eating disorder psychopathology but became nonsignificant when initial levels of compulsive exercise were entered into the model. The findings suggest that sociocultural risk factors may contribute to the development of compulsive exercise but future research should utilise a younger sample and employ a longer follow-up period to identify true longitudinal effects. PMID:25059109

Goodwin, Huw; Haycraft, Emma; Meyer, Caroline

2014-09-01

196

Community group environment for people participation and empowerment: the socio-cultural perspective  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The study was conducted in Makhuduthamaga Municipal area in Sekhukhune District of Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study observed how socio-cultural factors impact on participation environment in community development groups particularly in rural sections of society. To generate insight on the [...] se dynamics, some sets of empirical data were collected from community groups and individuals. Qualitative and quantitative sets of data were collected through structured interview schedule from simple random samples of twelve interest groups and twenty-eight individuals, and a quota sample of two organisational linkage structures. Document review of the groups was also conducted. Qualitative sets of data were collected from a simple random sample of two groups through participant observation to establishing their group dynamics and cultural protocols. The study found that the majority of community groups consisted of elderly people. It also found that the majority of people join community groups to participate in social improvement and participation. From document reviewed, no statute was found to provide for socio-cultural protocols in the groups' activities. From the observation, the study found that there are some socio-cultural norms, practices and values that negatively impact on the participation and empowerment of people in community development groups.

N. R., Diale.

197

Body dissatisfaction, engagement in body change behaviors and sociocultural influences on body image among Chinese adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Body dissatisfaction and body image disorders are becoming increasingly prevalent in developing non-Western countries such as China, but there is a lack of research examining the sociocultural factors that in other contexts have been associated with these problems. The current study investigated body dissatisfaction, engagement in body change behaviors, and sociocultural pressures on body image, and the relationships between these variables among 517 adolescent males (N=219) and females (N=298) in China. Females reported greater body dissatisfaction than males, and males reported using strategies to increase their muscle bulk more often than females. Males reported pressure from a variety of sociocultural sources to increase their muscles or weight, while females reported pressure from the media to lose weight. For males body dissatisfaction was predicted by pressure from peers to increase their muscle bulk, while for females pressure to lose weight from peers, adult relatives, and the media was likely to increase body dissatisfaction. Pressure from the media and adult relatives was also predictive of body change behaviors in both males and females. The findings are discussed in relation to previous research in both Western and non-Western contexts. PMID:20089467

Xu, Xiaoyan; Mellor, David; Kiehne, Melanie; Ricciardelli, Lina A; McCabe, Marita P; Xu, Yangang

2010-03-01

198

Differences in sociocultural environment perceptions associated with gender in science classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

An amount-of-learning outcome variable has been attributed to the environment in which teaching and learning are conducted. Studies carried out so far have, however, not focused on the sociocultural aspect of the classroom environment, which has been theorized to have potential influence on students' learning. The intent of this study was to examine the influence of five aspects of the sociocultural environment in science classes with particular reference to how these are perceived by boys and girls. The 30-item Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES) developed by Jegede and Okebukola (1988) was used to collect data from 707 Nigerian secondary school students in Classes Four and Five (Grades 10 and 11, respectively). Authoritarianism, goal structure, African worldview, societal expectation, and sacredness of science were the five subscales studied. Sex differences were recorded in the societal expectation subscale. Most of the female subjects are of the opinion that society has a negative or low regard for their ability to do science and this has an effect on their motivation to undertake science-based careers. The reverse is true for boys. This perception is in agreement with the literature on sex differences in science education and highlights the social pressure that brings about subject preferences. The implications of these findings for science teaching and further research are highlighted.

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Akinsola Okebukola, Peter

199

Sociocultural theory and reading comprehension: The scaffolding of readers in an EFL context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of the present study was to investigate the possible effects of sociocultural-based teaching techniques on EFL learners reading comprehension. The basic purpose was to clarify how learners reading comprehension and strategy use could be affected by the types of teaching techniques and how high and low proficiency learners profited from the intervention. Iranian EFL students were used as the participants of the study. A NELSON language proficiency test, a researcher-made reading comprehension test and a reading strategy questionnaire (adopted from Phakiti, 2006 were used as data collection instruments. The results showed that the sociocultural teaching techniques leads to better reading comprehension and reading strategy use for EFL learners. Also shown that proficiency factor played a determining role in reading comprehension development of the two groups of this study and that the low proficiency learners, especially in sociocultural group, outperformed the high proficiency learners. However, the interaction effect between proficiency factor and teaching method was non-significant for reading strategy use; leading to the conclusion that strategy use of the learners was not affected by their proficiency level. This indicates that the patterns of cognitive and metacognitive strategy scores are similar for students of low and high proficiency.

Ghafar Samar, Reza

2013-01-01

200

[The socio-cultural and eating aspects of women experiencing risk pregnancies].  

Science.gov (United States)

To promote a healthy diet, the dietary guidance should consider socio-cultural factors as they influence both the food standards and preferences of each population. The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural contexts of pregnancy and feeding in the domestic arena, using a qualitative approach. In-depth interviews were conducted using the data saturation technique with six women experiencing high-risk pregnancy. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin method and the IT Atlas program. The following aspects were identified: uncertainty due to unplanned pregnancy and limited partner support; a few dietary changes to improve health; perception of bad and good feeding habits, although it did not comply with the characteristics of a good diet; omission of fruit and vegetable group from dinner. The people in charge of preparing and serving food were not always the pregnant woman; food products perceived as being harmful were consumed and beneficial products were rarely consumed. This highlighted the need to train professionals to consider the socio-cultural context when providing dietary guidance. PMID:24897207

Sámano, Reyna Sámano; Martínez, Estela Godinez; Pérez, Irma Romero; Miranda, Georgina Sánchez; Polis, José Manuel Espíndola; Courtois, Mayra Lilia Chávez

2014-05-01

201

The Effect of Using Computer-Mediated Communication on English Language Learners' Socio-Cultural Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This experimental study investigates the effect of using web-cam chat on the FL Learners' socio-cultural competence by answering the following question: What is the effect ofusing web-Cam chat onthe socio-cultural on competence of tenth grade students? Thesample of study consisted of43tenth grade students at AL-Sabila Private School for Boys, in the second semester of the scholastic year2010/2011. Section (A consisted of(20 students. It was chosen as an experimental group, whilesection (B consisted of(23 students. It was decided as a controlgroup.Data were collected within sixteenweeks. The pre-test and the post-test were of two parts: A written part and oral dialogues that test the FL students' ability to interact culturally appropriately in communicative settings. Scores were tabulated and prepared for statistical analysis.The results of the study have showed there is a statistically significant difference in the arithmetic mean in the achievement test for the experimental group. It means that the experimental group performed better than the control group. Then, the result of the study revealed that using web-Cam chat alongside the traditional method has great effect on the socio-cultural competence of the FL learners. The researcher has recommended making many studies on the effect ofCMC onother competencies of language.

Ahmad Mousa Bateineh

2014-06-01

202

Virtual Campus in the Context of an Educational Virtual City  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is focused on virtual campuses, i.e. virtual worlds representing real educational institutions that are based on the metaphor of a university and provide users with different learning tools. More specifically, the idea of integrating a virtual campus into the context of a virtual city is suggested. Such a virtual city, where students…

Fominykh, Mikhail; Prasolova-Forland, Ekaterina; Morozov, Mikhail; Gerasimov, Alexey

2011-01-01

203

Three Southern high school biology teachers' perspectives on teaching evolution: Sociocultural influences  

Science.gov (United States)

Organizations in science and science education call for students to have a thorough understanding of the theory of evolution. Yet many high school biology teachers do not teach evolution and/or include creationism in their instruction (National Academy of Science, 1998). Historically, the controversy surrounding evolution has created tension for teachers. This case study explored the sociocultural influences related to teaching evolution in three Southern 10th-grade public high school biology classrooms. It also explored the socially and culturally embedded influences on teachers' instructional goals and personal perspectives toward evolution as well as modification of instruction when evolution is taught. Theoretically framed using symbolic interactionism and sociocultural theory, data were collected between October 2003 and April 2004 and included classroom observations two to three times per week, artifacts, and in-depth interviews of the participating teachers, their science department chairpersons, their students, and a Protestant minister. The classroom teachers were unaware of the focus of the study until after evolution was taught. The analysis used in this study was an inductive, interpretative approach that allowed exploration of the sociocultural influences that affect how teachers teach evolution. The sociocultural influences and the lived experiences of each teacher created a continuum for teaching evolution. One of the participating teachers who was heavily involved in the community and one of its fundamentalist churches elected to avoid teaching evolution. Another participating teacher at the same school integrated the theory of evolution in every unit. The third teacher who taught in another school elected to teach evolution in a superficial manner to avoid conflict. The data revealed that the participating teachers' sociocultural situatedness influenced their decisions and instruction on evolution. The influence of strong religious beliefs within the Southern culture was a theme that cut across all the teachers' decisions. In particular, religious beliefs made teaching human evolution difficult. Other recurring themes included the influence of the textbook and factors that served as escape routes for the teachers electing to avoid evolution. The escape routes included the pressure of time, the mixed messages from the state board of education, and the double-edged sword of teacher autonomy.

Kyzer, Peggy Mckewen

204

Knowledge Value Creation Characteristics of Virtual Teams: A Case Study in the Construction Sector  

Science.gov (United States)

Any knowledge environment aimed at virtual teams should promote identification, access, capture and retrieval of relevant knowledge anytime / anywhere, while nurturing the social activities that underpin the knowledge sharing and creation process. In fact, socio-cultural issues play a critical role in the successful implementation of Knowledge Management (KM), and constitute a milestone towards value creation. The findings indicate that Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) promote value creation when they embed and nurture the social conditions that bind and bond team members together. Furthermore, technology assets, human networks, social capital, intellectual capital, and change management are identified as essential ingredients that have the potential to ensure effective knowledge value creation.

Vorakulpipat, Chalee; Rezgui, Yacine

205

Virtual Welding Trainers  

Science.gov (United States)

Weld-Ed, the National Center for Welding Education and Training have provided this Power Point presentation entitled â??Virtual Welding Trainersâ? that covers the pros and cons of implementing a virtual welding program in education. Virtual welding programs have gained attention in the past years because of a decrease in the welding workforce and increasing workforce performance. This slide show provides a history and examples of virtual reality simulation. There are lists of benefits, like instant feedback and reduced environmental concerns. Also provided are virtual welding development barriers, such as high start-up costs. Last but not least, there is a list of other institutions that are using virtual welding programs.

206

Idoneidad didáctica de un protocolo sociocultural de enseñanza y aprendizaje de las matemáticas / Didactical suitability of a sociocultural mathematics teaching and learning protocol  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Neste estudo avalia-se a adequação de um protocolo para o ensino do conceito de poliedro regular, para alunos entre 14 e 15 anos. Este protocolo foi concebido a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e a sua avaliação assenta na aplicação de critérios de adequação didática segundo o enfoque ontosem [...] iótico. A adequação é estudada por uma revisão das suas várias dimensões: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional e ecológica. A análise permitiu detectar alguns fatores que favorecem a validade do protocolo e a adequação para a sua utilização em sala de aula, como o tipo de discurso, o uso de material manipulável ou o trabalho cooperativo. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se evalúa la adecuación de un protocolo para la enseñanza del concepto de poliedro regular, destinado a alumnos de 14 y 15 años. Este protocolo se ha diseñado desde una perspectiva sociocultural y su evaluación se basa en la aplicación de los criterios de idoneidad didáctica que ofre [...] ce el enfoque ontosemiótico. La idoneidad se estudia con la revisión de sus diferentes dimensiones: matemática, cognitiva, interaccional, mediacional, emocional y ecológica. El análisis ha permitido detectar algunos factores que favorecen la validez del protocolo y la adecuación para su empleo en el aula, como el tipo de discurso, el uso de material manipulable o el trabajo cooperativo. Abstract in english This study evaluates the suitability of a protocol for teaching the concept of regular polyhedra to students of 14 and 15 years of age. The protocol has been designed from a sociocultural angle and its evaluation is based on the application of didactical suitability criteria which offers an ontosemi [...] otic approach. Suitability is studied by looking at its different dimensions: mathematical, cognitive, interactional, mediational, emotional and ecological. The analysis has enabled some factors to be identified which support the validity of the protocol and its suitability for use in the classroom, namely, the type of discourse, use of manipulable materials and cooperative work.

Àngel, Alsina; Marta, Domingo.

2010-03-01

207

Trust in Virtual Universities  

OpenAIRE

The number of students enrolled at Iranian virtual Universities during 2004-2007 years, annually accounted for less than 0.5% of traditional Iranian universities enrolment. The low rate of virtual Universities enrolment might be due to a low level of student's trust in this type of educational institution. Students with low trust in virtual universities may be less likely to enroll in distant learning courses. Many factors contribute to student's trust level, including perceptions of the virt...

Hastiani, Asghar A.; Sarlak, Mohammad A.

2008-01-01

208

Virtual currencies : Real opportunities?  

OpenAIRE

AbstractThe European Central Bank defines virtual currencies as ”unregulated, digital money, which is issued and usuallycontrolled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community.”(European Central Bank, 2012, p. 5) The interest in virtual currencies has increased immensely over the last fewyears as they become increasingly prevalent in our society across many different industries. Up until now, the field ofvirtual currencies has been mainly unch...

Selldahl, Sara

2013-01-01

209

Virtual Arbitrage Pricing Theory  

CERN Document Server

We generalize the Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) to include the contribution of virtual arbitrage opportunities. We model the arbitrage return by a stochastic process. The latter is incorporated in the APT framework to calculate the correction to the APT due to the virtual arbitrage opportunities. The resulting relations reduce to the APT for an infinitely fast market reaction or in the case where the virtual arbitrage is absent. Corrections to the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) are also derived.

Ilinskii, K N

1999-01-01

210

VEM: Virtual Enterprise Methodology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter presents a virtual enterprise methodology (VEM) that outlines activities to consider when setting up and managing virtual enterprises (VEs). As a methodology the VEM helps companies to ask the right questions when preparing for and setting up an enterprise network, which works as a breeding ground for setting up VEs. The VEM applies the Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture (VERA) as an underlying structure. Both VEM and VERA are developed as a part of the GLOBEMEN project.

TØlle, Martin; Vesterager, Johan

2003-01-01

211

Virtual Reality in Psychology  

OpenAIRE

The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs) in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many an...

Nigel Foreman

2009-01-01

212

Wireless Virtual Joystick  

OpenAIRE

Wireless Virtual Joystick is an Android application which enables users to use their Android mobile device act like a real joystick. It provides a solution to establish a wireless connection between Android mobile device and server computer. Whenever the server receives correct message, the server will simulate a virtual joystick input signal. Wireless Virtual Joystick does not worry about the small space, wires jam or USB port limitation. The objective of this thesis project is to develop a ...

Hu, Yuning

2013-01-01

213

Los entornos virtuales como espacios de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Una perspectiva psicoeducativa para su caracterización y análisis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva constructivista de orientación socio-cultural, en este trabajo se presenta un modelo teórico que permite analizar el potencial transformador de los entornos virtuales a partir de su capacidad para mediar las relaciones entre profesores, estudiantes y contenidos. Atendiendo a lo [...] s principios básicos del modelo teórico, se revisan algunos temas centrales relacionados con el análisis de la actividad conjunta en estos entornos y se propone una aproximación multi-método para su estudio. Por último, se destacan aspectos relacionados con el diseño y la investigación de entornos virtuales concebidos como espacios para el desarrollo de procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Abstract in english Using a constructivist perspective of socio-cultural orientation, this article presents a theoretical model that permits analyzing the transforming potential of virtual environments, based on their ability to mediate relations among teachers, students, and content. By addressing the basic principles [...] of the theoretical model, a review is made of some of the central topics related to the analysis of joint activity in these environments. A multi-method approach is proposed for their study. Lastly, attention is centered on aspects related to the design and research of virtual environments conceived as places for the development of teaching and learning processes.

Alfonso, Bustos Sánchez; César, Coll Salvador.

2010-03-01

214

Virtual Reality Laboratory  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Michigan Virtual Reality Laboratory (VRL) at the College of Engineering explores innovative applications of immersive and non-immersive virtual environments in a variety of areas. For industrial applications, research is focused on virtual prototyping of engineering designs - especially in the automotive and marine industry - the simulation of manufacturing processes, and related engineering tasks. Additional activities include the use of virtual reality in accident simulations, medicine, architecture, archeology, education, and other areas. As an interdisciplinary facility, the VRL collaborates with many disciplines within the university and serves the outside community. Through a combined directorship, the Laboratory cooperates closely with the University of Michigan 3D Lab.

Fogler, H. Scott

215

Virtual Machine Introspection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Thus, monitoring of virtual machine is essential. The paper proposes a Virtual Network Introspection [VMI] System to secure the Virtual machines from Distributed Denial of Service [DDOS] and Zombie attacks.

S C Rachana

2014-06-01

216

High availability using virtualization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

High availability has always been one of the main problems for a data center. Till now high availability was achieved by host per host redundancy, a highly expensive method in terms of hardware and human costs. A new approach to the problem can be offered by virtualization. Using virtualization, it is possible to achieve a redundancy system for all the services running on a data center. This new approach to high availability allows the running virtual machines to be distributed over a small number of servers, by exploiting the features of the virtualization layer: start, stop and move virtual machines between physical hosts. The 3RC system is based on a finite state machine, providing the possibility to restart each virtual machine over any physical host, or reinstall it from scratch. A complete infrastructure has been developed to install operating system and middleware in a few minutes. To virtualize the main servers of a data center, a new procedure has been developed to migrate physical to virtual hosts. The whole Grid data center SNS-PISA is running at the moment in virtual environment under the high availability system.

217

Sociocultural and Socioeconomic Influences on Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Overweight/Obese African-American and Latino-American Children and Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

Purpose. It is unclear whether sociocultural and socioeconomic factors are directly linked to type 2 diabetes risk in overweight/obese ethnic minority children and adolescents. This study examines the relationships between sociocultural orientation, household social position, and type 2 diabetes risk in overweight/obese African-American (n = 43) and Latino-American (n = 113) children and adolescents. Methods. Sociocultural orientation was assessed using the Acculturation, Habits, and Interest...

Hasson, Rebecca E.; Adam, Tanja C.; Pearson, Jay; Davis, Jaimie N.; Spruijt-metz, Donna; Goran, Michael I.

2013-01-01

218

The Role of The Socio-Cultural Context In Designing Appropriate Support Services And Enhancing Interaction In Distance Education In Turkey  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT Understanding the socio-cultural context is the key to developing appropriate support systems for distance learners. The socio-cultural context in Turkey is a critical ingredient in the development of Turkish distance education programmes, in which two elements of Turkish culture - patronage and an oral tradition - seem to play a significant role. The main aim of this study is to determine the role of the socio-cultural context in designing appropriate support services and en...

Usun, Salih

2006-01-01

219

Sampling and Electrophoretic Analysis of Segmented Flow Streams Using Virtual Walls in a Microfluidic Device  

OpenAIRE

A method for sampling and electrophoretic analysis of aqueous plugs segmented in a stream of immiscible oil is described. In the method, an aqueous buffer and oil stream flow parallel to each other to form a stable virtual wall in a microfabricated K-shaped fluidic element. As aqueous sample plugs in the oil stream make contact with the virtual wall coalescence occurs and sample is electrokinetically transferred to the aqueous stream. Using this virtual wall, two methods of injection for chan...

Roman, Gregory T.; Wang, Meng; Shultz, Kristin N.; Jennings, Colin; Kennedy, Robert T.

2008-01-01

220

Virtual german cockroach  

Science.gov (United States)

3D virtual image of a German Cockroach (Family Blattidae). This movie is also available as a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) model. The VRML models are more interactive than the QuickTime versions, but special software may need to be downloaded to open them (read the Â?HelpÂ? page for details). Those people using public computers may be limited from fully accessing the resource. Mozilla Firefox users can view the VRML files directly in their browsers by downloading the Cortona extension (http://www.parallelgraphics.com/products/cortona/download/netscape/). This website is an excellent educational resource for all ages. The Virtual Insects home page (http://www.ento.vt.edu/~sharov/3d/3dinsect.html) has a basic explanation of how virtual reality works, including the Virtual Reality Modeling Language. The "Virtual Images" link takes you to a list of insects that can be viewed as 3D digital reconstructions. The image files would make excellent additions to teaching lectures for introductory classes. Visit the "How to Build Virtual Insects" page to read about how the images were created and how the original models were made more biologically accurate. Also be sure to read the page on how to view the cyber-insects inside a virtual reality "cave".

0000-00-00

221

Virtual World of Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The United States has many lessons it can learn from how other countries are deploying virtual education and how it might partner up with those countries in different ways to offer a wider range of educational and cultural experiences to its students. This report, part of "Education Week's" ongoing series on virtual education, draws out many of…

Flanigan, Robin L.; Ash, Katie; Davis, Michelle R.; Quillen, Ian

2012-01-01

222

Inverse Dynamic Hair Modeling with Frictional Contact  

OpenAIRE

In the latest years, considerable progress has been achieved for accurately acquiring the geometry of human hair, thus largely improving the realism of virtual characters. In parallel, rich physics-based simulators have been successfully designed to capture the intricate dynamics of hair due to contact and friction. However, at the moment there exists no consistent pipeline for converting a given hair geometry into a realistic physics-based hair model. Current approaches simply initialize the...

Derouet-jourdan, Alexandre; Bertails-descoubes, Florence; Daviet, Gilles; Thollot, Joe?lle

2013-01-01

223

Sociocultural Characteristics of Psychological Education in the Context of Systemic-Anthropological Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: The problem of moving from economic efficiency of the social one in the modern society is actualized. It is pointed out that the methodological basis for the solving questions of psychological education development are considered to be an anthropological psychology as a new scientific branch, which reflects the tendencies of development of psychology now a days. It is shown that there are various points of view on psychological education: self-organization as adaptation, self-organization as self-regulation and self-organization as self-determination. On the basis of these points of view psychology educational opportunities of a human being are considered as an individual life strategy aimed at success. Approach: The possibilities of different sociocultural environments and their contribution to psychological education of a person have been analyzed. The attention has been drawn to the fact, that sociocultural environment is the complex of social conditions of a personâ??s life, that allow to act in accordance with the structure and functions of the environment, choosing from the variety of possibilities those, which can be realized. The question of free choice of possible alternatives and creating of oneâ??s own life story is discussed. Results: The motivation of achievement has qualitative differences depending on character of socio-cultural identity. If socio-cultural identity is positive, motivation of achieving the successes is a general life line. The revealed connection of components of positive functioning and showing the motivation of achievement has been considered in the context of our research as a full, subjective experience, which is of great importance for the person himself, as it is connected to basic human values and such everyday notions as happiness, happy life. When characterized the experience of psychological well-being by a person, it is necessary to mention that it supposes comparison of oneâ?? existence of the norm, sample or ideal. But this norm or sample is in the consciousness of the experiencing person, thus psychological well-being is a kind of self-attitude. Conclusion: The revealed differences allow us to make a conclusion that more opened socio-cultural environment of a large city and personal activity of respondents, define the direction of development, conduce broadening of the axiological and meaningful area. Whereas because of deficiency of forms of socio-cultural environment, students living in a town appear to have different important features of character in comparison with the respondents from a large city. Young peopleâ??s life goes on the basis of earlier stereotypes, according to arrangement activities, which limit personal development. Specifics of formation as possibilities of life self-fulfillment in the system-anthropological context set by our acts as creativity in relation to itself which is determined future-the world of its (human being of the purposes directing activity in the present.

Irina Loginova

2012-01-01

224

Occupational contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Irritant dermatitis and eczema are the most prevalent occupational skin diseases. Less common are immediate contact reactions such as contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis. Occupational contact urticaria can be subdivided into two categories, immunological and non immunological. However, some agents can induce these two types of reactions. Contact urticaria to natural rubber latex is particularly frequent among health care personnel, but contact urticaria to a wide variety of other substances occurs in many other occupations. Among those at risk are cooks, bakers, butchers, restaurant personnel, veterinarians, hairdressers, florists, gardeners, and forestry workers. Protein contact dermatitis in some of these occupations is caused principally by proteins of animal or plant origin, especially among individuals with a history of atopic dermatitis. Diagnosis requires careful interrogation, clinical examination and skin tests (open tests and prick tests with immediate lecture) to identify a particular contact allergen. PMID:16280292

Doutre, Marie-Sylvie

2005-01-01

225

Virtual Organizations: Beyond Network Organization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most used buzz-words in (e-business literature of the last decade is virtual organization. The term "virtual" can be identified in all sorts of combinations regarding the business world. From virtual products to virtual processes or virtual teams, everything that is “touched” by the computer’s processing power instantly becomes virtual. Moreover, most of the literature treats virtual and network organizations as being synonyms. This paper aims to draw a much more distinctive line between the two concepts. Providing a more coherent description of what virtual organization might be is also one of our intentions.

Liviu Gabriel CRETU

2006-01-01

226

Amor virtual e universos paralelos / Virtual love and parallel universes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Temos visto, hoje em dia, muitas pesquisas focalizando os avanços da informática interferindo nas relações pessoais. Se, por um lado, usufruímos os benefícios das infinitas possibilidades de acesso e contato com outros mundos, por outro, nos deparamos com nossos novos comportamentos frente a estes o [...] utros mundos. Para ilustrar estas idéias, apresentamos um caso clínico no qual a paciente, uma jovem senhora de vinte e sete anos, casada há oito anos, tem vivido há um ano uma "relação virtual", pela internet. Este processo tem absorvido-a completamente. Ela sente-se muito distante de seu marido desde que isolou-se em seu mundo paralelo, no qual apresenta uma nova identidade em todos os níveis. Esta nova identidade é inteiramente oposta à de sua vida real. No entanto, a impossibilidade de sentir-se realizada, seja em sua vida cotidiana, seja em seu universo paralelo, desencadeou-lhe um grave processo depressivo. Este exemplo clínico levou-nos a discutir os seguintes aspectos: (1) as experiências virtuais pela internet e os universos paralelos mencionados por Hugh Everett, um físico norte - americano; (2) a questão da ética feminina; (3) as manifestações mobilizadas no grupo pela paciente. Abstract in english We have seen, today, many researches focusing how the computing advances can interfere inside the personal relationships. If, in one hand, we have the benefits trom the endless possibilities of access and contact with "others worlds", in the other hand, we are facing our new behaviour over these "ot [...] hers worlds". In order to ilIustrate that idea, we have a clínica I report in which the patient, a young lady, twenty seven years oki, married for eight years, has been living for about one year a "virtual relationship", by internet. This process has been absorbing her completely. She feels very far trom her husband, since she is isolated in her parallel world, in which she has a new identity related to all levels. That new identity is entirely the opposite from her real life. The impossibility to feel accomplished either in her everyday lífe or in her virtual parallel universe broke out a severe pracess of depression. That clínic example leaded us to discuss the following aspects: (1) virtual experiences by internet and the parallel universes that was mentioned by Hugh Everett, a North American physicist; (2) the question of female ethics; (3) the group experiences that was mobilized by that patient.

Carla Beatriz de, Souza; Antonios lanes, Terzis.

1999-12-01

227

Socio-cultural information in support of local health planning: conclusions from a survey in rural Kenya.  

Science.gov (United States)

Existing health information systems in developing countries are managed and used mainly by biomedically trained personnel and by general healthcare administrators. They focus on epidemiology, service utilization and finance; they generate little of the socio-cultural data needed for developing and adjusting health services and disease control programmes to local health-related perceptions, values and resources. This paper reviews some of the published literature on socio-cultural factors related to health and summarizes the findings of a health household interview study in rural Kenya. It concludes that local views on specific disease categories and their causes are crucial for the planning of local disease control and that health information systems need to be expanded to incorporate such data. It discusses methods of generating community-based socio-cultural health information likely to be useful, particularly at district level. Options include observation, household interviews, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Four improvements are suggested: (1) health information systems should be reoriented to focus less on individual patients and clients and more on population-based information including socio-cultural data; (2) post-basic health manpower training is needed in applied health-related social sciences; (3) staff positions for social scientists at central, provincial and district levels of the health sector; and (4) expansion of research on national and local socio-cultural issues of relevance to health and care-seeking behaviour. PMID:10178582

Nyamwaya, D; Nordberg, E; Oduol, E

1998-01-01

228

Physical culture as a phenomenon of the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers of physical education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose : to substantiate the phenomenon of formation of physical culture of the individual in terms of theoretical and methodological approaches to the development of socio-cultural competence of future teachers. Material : 22 literary sources analyzed on the issue of formation of physical culture of the individual. Used cultural studies, axiological and competence approach. Results : define the concept of socio-cultural competence of the teacher of physical education. Competence is considered as an integrative motivational tumor - activity sphere of the individual. It determines the focus of an expert on the formation of spiritual values and is the foundation for its further self-development. Disclosed structure sociocultural competence of the teacher in the unity components: cognitive, motivational-value, behavioral. For each component defined system of spiritual values. The system covers the socio- psychological, mental and cultural values of physical culture. Conclusions : the sociocultural competence of the teacher of physical education meaningful and functionally related to the values of the physical culture of the individual. Spiritual, value the personality of the teacher - is the foundation for all of the components of socio-cultural competence. This competence provides social and cultural development of the individual.

Ivanii I.V.

2014-03-01

229

Branding the Chilean nation : socio-cultural change, national identity and international image  

OpenAIRE

This study is focused on Chile’s modernization process under the neo-liberal sign, from the 1973 coup to 2010, year of the Bicentennial (marking 200 year independence from Spain). It especially explores three main topics: the country’s changing identity as some of its traditional elements have tended to disappear while new ones have entered the scene; its socio-cultural change, including a mentality shift as well as increased social mobility; and Chile’s nation-branding efforts as it...

Prieto Larrai?n, Mari?a Cristina

2011-01-01

230

Youth at the Crossroads. Discourses on Socio-Cultural Change in Post-War Northern Uganda  

OpenAIRE

Based on eleven months of field work (2009-2011), this book analyzes the situation of youth in urban Gulu, Northern Uganda, in the aftermath of the war between the Lord’s Resistance Army and the Ugandan Government (1986-2006). Specifically, it focuses on the generation that was born and grew up during the 20-year war: How do members of this generation perceive and evaluate socio-cultural changes which occurred in Acholi society throughout the war years? How do they imagine their future soci...

Vorho?lter, Julia

2014-01-01

231

Perfectionism in Body Dissatisfaction, Sociocultural Influence of the Thinness model and Symptoms of Eating Disorders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess if perfectionism components explained body dissatisfaction (BD, sociocultural influences of aesthetic model (SIAM and symptoms of eating disorders (ED. The sample comprised 30 women with Bulimia Nervosa (BN, 35 women with Eating Disorder not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS and 63 women without ED. A regression analysis showed that concern over mistakes (CM and doubt about actions explained BD and SIAM in the BN sample; while concern over mistakes only explained SIAM in the EDNOS sample. These findings evidence that two perfectionism components contribute to vulnerability of thinness ideal and BD among women, which constitute two important risk factors for ED.

Karina Franco Paredes

2011-09-01

232

Sociocultural Theory Applied to Second Language Learning: Collaborative Learning with Reference to the Chinese Context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the sociocultural theory (SCT. In particular, three significant concepts of Vyogtsky’s theory: self-regulation, the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD, and scaffolding all of which have been discussed in numerous second language acquisition (SLA and second language learning (SLL research papers. These concepts lay the psychological foundation for collaborative learning, the subject of this paper. This publication aims to examine SCT by assessing collaborative learning within the Chinese context. This paper focuses on teacher-student collaboration and it concludes that the perceived way of learning and teaching and teacher-student relationship should be changed in order to implement collaborative learning.

Dongyu Zhang

2013-08-01

233

A Socio-Cultural Model Based on Empirical Data of Cultural and Social Relationship  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The goal of this paper is to integrate culture and social relationship as a computational term in an embodied conversational agent system by employing empirical and theoretical approach. We propose a parameter-based model that predicts nonverbal expressions appropriate for specific cultures in different social relationship. So, first, we introduce the theories of social and cultural characteristics. Then, we did corpus analysis of human interaction of two cultures in two different social situations and extracted empirical data and finally, by integrating socio-cultural characteristics with empirical data, we establish a parameterized network model that generates culture specific non-verbal expressions in different social relationships.

Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko

2010-01-01

234

STEM education: A deficit framework for the twenty first century? A sociocultural socioscientific response  

Science.gov (United States)

The ubiquitous of STEM education initiatives in recent years has created a bandwagon that has moved at nearly light speed. The impulse of the science education community and policy-makers is to grab hold for dear life or be marginalized from subsequent discussions about the necessity and consequences of using STEM initiatives to prepare and inform our next generation of citizens. This commentary questions the prudence of STEM-related science education goals, as typically represented and discussed in the literature, and likens the current practice to a deficit framework. A sociocultural perspective framed through socioscientific considerations is offered as an alternative conceptualization as well as surplus model to hegemonic STEM practices.

Zeidler, Dana L.

2014-06-01

235

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Macular Degeneration (AMD) Allergies Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Astigmatism Bacterial Keratitis Bell's Palsy Blepharitis Cataracts Contact Lens-Related ... prescription. Follow the contact lens care directions for cleaning, disinfecting, and wearing the lenses. Never share contact ...

236

Virtual Machine Logbook - Enabling virtualization for ATLAS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ATLAS software has been developed mostly on CERN linux cluster lxplus or on similar facilities at the experiment Tier 1 centers. The fast rise of virtualization technology has the potential to change this model, turning every laptop or desktop into an ATLAS analysis platform. In the context of the CernVM project we are developing a suite of tools and CernVM plug-in extensions to promote the use of virtualization for ATLAS analysis and software development. The Virtual Machine Logbook (VML), in particular, is an application to organize work of physicists on multiple projects, logging their progress, and speeding up ''context switches'' from one project to another. An important feature of VML is the ability to share with a single 'click' the status of a given project with other colleagues. VML builds upon the save and restore capabilities of mainstream virtualization software like VMware, and provides a technology-independent client interface to them. A lot of emphasis in the design and implementation has gone into optimizing the save and restore process to makepractical to store many VML entries on a typical laptop disk or to share a VML entry over the network. At the same time, taking advantage of CernVM's plugin capabilities, we are extending the CernVM platform to help increase the usability of ATLAS software. For example, we added the ability to start the ATLAS event display on any computer running CernVM simply by clicking a button in a web browser. We want to int a button in a web browser. We want to integrate seamlessly VML with CernVM unique file system design to distribute efficiently ATLAS software on every physicist computer. The CernVM File System (CVMFS) download files on-demand via HTTP, and cache it locally for future use. This reduces by one order of magnitude the download sizes, making practical for a developer to work with multiple software releases on a virtual machine.

237

Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes in 7- to 11-year-old girls: testing a sociocultural model.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the sociocultural model of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitude development in young girls for the first time. According to the model, internalizing an unrealistically thin ideal body increases the risk of disordered eating via body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and depression. Girls aged 7-11 years (N=127) completed measures of thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction, dieting, depression, and disordered eating attitudes. Participants' height and weight were measured and their body mass index calculated. Thin-ideal internalization predicted disordered eating attitudes indirectly via body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and depression; it also predicted disordered eating attitudes directly. Path analyses showed that a revised sociocultural model fit well with the data. These data show that a sociocultural framework for understanding disordered eating and body dissatisfaction in adults is useful, with minor modifications, in understanding the development of related attitudes in young girls. PMID:23137857

Evans, Elizabeth H; Tovée, Martin J; Boothroyd, Lynda G; Drewett, Robert F

2013-01-01

238

Sociocultural correlates of compulsive exercise: is the environment important in fostering a compulsivity towards exercise among adolescents?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociocultural factors hypothesised to be influential in eating disorders were assessed for their relationship with compulsive exercise. A sample of 828 adolescent boys and girls completed measures assessing sociocultural messages to change body shape as well as pressure to be thin, and also measures of compulsive exercise and disordered eating. Results showed that the sociocultural influences differed slightly between boys and girls. Hierarchical regressions showed that, after controlling for disordered eating and BMI, messages to become more muscular and media pressure to be thin significantly predicted compulsive exercise in boys, while the same regression in girls reported only media pressure to be thin as a significant predictor of compulsive exercise. These findings demonstrate the influence of the media in boys' and girls' compulsive exercising, as well as highlight the influence of body shape messages to become more muscular on boys' compulsive exercise. PMID:21778126

Goodwin, Huw; Haycraft, Emma; Meyer, Caroline

2011-09-01

239

Associations between sociocultural pressures to be thin, body distress, and eating disorder symptomatology among Chilean adolescent girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the relationships between perceived sociocultural pressure to fulfill the thin beauty ideal, body distress, and the presence of eating disorder symptoms. Participants were 437 Chilean adolescent girls from Arica, northern Chile, aged 13-18. Results showed significant associations between perceived pressure from social agents to be thin and the presence of disrupted eating attitudes and behavior. The perceived influence of advertising, verbal messages and social situations related to eating and dieting emerged as the strongest predictors of eating disorders symptoms. Influence of advertising was also the strongest predictor of body image distress. Age differences emerged in perceived sociocultural pressure to be thin, with older participants reporting higher sociocultural pressure to fulfill the slender beauty ideal. This paper provides information about body distress and associated disturbances, a phenomenon which has seldom been studied in non-Western countries, but which has important health implications. PMID:21147054

Caqueo-Urízar, Alejandra; Ferrer-García, Marta; Toro, José; Gutiérrez-Maldonado, José; Peñaloza, Claudia; Cuadros-Sosa, Yasna; Gálvez-Madrid, Ma José

2011-01-01

240

The virtual Haken conjecture  

CERN Document Server

We prove that cubulated hyperbolic groups are virtually special. The proof relies on results of Haglund and Wise which also imply that they are linear groups, and quasi-convex subgroups are separable. A consequence is that closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds have finite-sheeted Haken covers, which resolves the virtual Haken question of Waldhausen and Thurston's virtual fibering question. An appendix to this paper by Agol, Groves, and Manning proves a generalization of the main result of "Residual finiteness, QCERF and fillings of hyperbolic groups".

Agol, Ian; Manning, Jason

2012-01-01

241

ETACE Virtual Appliance  

OpenAIRE

The intention behind the ETACE Virtual Appliance is to make every step related to the initialization, simulation and analysis of the Eurace@Unibi model as easy as possible. Thus, it is meant (i) to ensure the reproducibility of results, (ii) as a form of model documentation and communication, (iii) to heighten the credibility of the model. The Virtual Appliance is a stand-alone Linux-based virtual machine that provides a full suite of programmes for (large-scale) agent-based modelling and ...

Bo?hl, Gregor; Hoog, Sander; Gemkow, Simon; Harting, Philipp; Dawid, Herbert

2014-01-01

242

Sociocultural factors in public acceptance: comparative risk studies involving France, the USA and the UK  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Examples are given of two types of comparative study that explore the sociocultural factors that shape public attitudes. In the first, public perceptions of nuclear power were assessed by answers to a questionnaire on a broad range of factors by 1500 people in France and the USA. A degree of homogeniety was observed in the responses from France and the USA. Strikingly, both populations agreed in their evaluation of the health risk represented by nuclear power plant. Thus the apparently greater acceptance of nuclear power in France does not seem to be associated with a lesser perception of risk. However, presented with the statement ''We can trust the experts and engineers who build, operate and regulate nuclear power'' 66% of the French agreed compared to only 43% of the Americans. These results reflect two different types of relationship between society and authority. In the second study the approach to gaining public trust and acceptance in the siting of nuclear waste research facilities was compared between the UK and France. Striking differences were found. In this case, too, an explanation can be put forward in terms of the sociocultural variables which influence institutional decision making, particularly in the role and form given to authority. (UK)

243

Khat (Catha edulis): the herb with officio-legal, socio-cultural and economic uncertainty  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Khat (Catha edulis) is a plant of uncertain and highly controversial status grown in the countries around the Red Sea and on the eastern coast of Africa. The chewing of khat leaves has a deep-rooted religious and socio-cultural tradition. Khat is considered a cash crop and its cultivation is a sourc [...] e of economic value to the societies and nations involved. There have, however, been reports of negative economic effects on the individuals engaging in the habit of khat chewing. The increasing use of khat worldwide, along with the negative international attention that this has garnered, has led to the present status of uncertainty of the once indigenous practice of khat chewing. Scientists, mostly western Europeans, have tended to focus on problems related to khat with little attention to the positive role of khat chewing in society and the world at large. In addition, no report has directly associated khat with any organised crime, violence or antisocial activity, particularly in countries where khat is legalised. This paper reviewed the various areas of uncertainty and controversy relating to khat. Based on the findings of the review, further qualitative and quantitative research is required and a positive international approach to khat use at economic, religious and socio-cultural levels is advocated.

Sikiru, Lamina.

2010-04-01

244

SOCIO-CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE E-MARKETING USERS (CASE OF RASHT TOWNSHIP, IRAN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to study the socio-cultural index of rice electronic marketing users in Rasht Township, Iran. This study used a survey design and was conducted with a random sample of 367 paddy farmers in Rasht Township. To identify the socio-cultural characteristics of rice e-marketing users, a self-designed questionnaire was developed to gather data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the face and content validity were used. Reliability for the instrument was estimated at 0.81. The Kurskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney test have been used to identify the effective factors on e-marketing. The result revealed that almost 68% of farmers had high tendency to adoption of electronic marketing and more than 70% of respondents chose rural ICT offices for rice e-marketing. Experience in using the internet services and internet skill had significant effects on e-marketing adoption. Finally, the result of this research presents a brokerage model. The nature of this model is (B2C which means truck between business (ICT office and customers. In this model, rural ICT offices have a role as buy/sell fulfillment.

Seyed ALAVIOON

2013-03-01

245

SOCIO-CULTURAL ASPECTS OF TUBERCULOSIS AND DIALOGUE WITH PUBLIC HEALTH POLICIES IN BRAZIL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tuberculosis away from individuals affected by their social and affective and reconstruction of collective values, relegating them to the condition of inferiority and subservience Sartrean, liabilities oppressive conditions imposed by society, which dismisses the other as legitimate in the intersubjective social construction. This work aims to address the social, psychological and symbolic carrier of tuberculosis and PPS in Brazil through integrative review in databases Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo and Google Scholar using the descriptors Tuberculosis Society, Culture, Psychosocial Aspects, Sociocultural Aspects; Public Policy in Health, Social Movements and Social Control, individually or grouped according to their proximity or remoteness to the guiding question: "How Public Policies on Health dialogue with social movements and sociocultural aspects of Tuberculosis?". Whereas the way of seeing a situation and its meaning in a certain reality is guiding factor, even though subjective, of actions, it is stressed that interventions should take in the full measure of human socioeconomic-political-cultural. In this sense, knowledge of cultural and socioeconomic situation of a region is essential to confronting the chain of events that disease primarily social in a given community.

Débora Regina Marques Barbosa

2012-12-01

246

La precarización del trabajo desde una perspectiva sociocultural en un contexto fronterizo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la conformación del mercado de trabajo de la industria del vestido en Tijuana; se identifican los factores estructurales generadores de precariedad y, según las vivencias respecto a ella, se reconstruyen perfiles distintos de los y las trabajadoras. El objetivo de esta pr [...] opuesta analítica es mostrar la manera en que se entrelazan las escalas micro, meso y macrosocial reproduciendo o produciendo las condiciones de precariedad que prevalecen en los empleos de la industria de la confección en Tijuana. Para interpretar la experiencia de la precariedad, se aborda su dimensión sociocultural, al darle un papel central a los significados que le otorgan las personas al trabajo. Abstract in english This article analyzes the configuration of the garment industry labor market in Tijuana. The structural factors which generate job insecurity are identified, and, depending on personal experiences, different profiles are reconstructed for male and female workers. The analysis proposed seeks to show [...] the way in which the micro-, mezzo- and macrosocial scales intertwine, reproducing or producing the conditions of job insecurity that prevail in this industry. The experience of job insecurity is seen from a sociocultural perspective, giving a central role to the personal meanings of work.

Marlene, Solís.

2014-04-01

247

Body size preferences and sociocultural influences on attitudes towards obesity among Moroccan Sahraoui women.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this investigation was to study body size preferences and to examine the influence of sociocultural factors on obesity among 249 Moroccan Sahraoui women. Participants rated their ideal body size and the size they thought to be "healthy," using a figural scale consisting of nine images ranging from thin to obese. They also noted which particular sociocultural influences affected their body size ratings. The results indicated that women's rating of ideal body size (4.88) was significantly larger than their rating of healthy body size (4.33). The desire to lose weight was very low even among the majority of obese women, and educational level did not affect desire to lose weight. Women not satisfied with their body size were more likely to report trying to gain weight rather than to lose it. The major factors reported to influence body size ideal were mothers, men, and traditional clothing. It is an enormous challenge for the health institutions of Morocco to prevent obesity and its complications. Prevention programs should include teenagers and key family members. PMID:18089243

Rguibi, Mohamed; Belahsen, Rekia

2006-12-01

248

Between life and death: exploring the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in rural Ethiopia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The high prevalence of antenatal common mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa compared to high-income countries is poorly understood. This qualitative study explored the sociocultural context of antenatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community. Five focus group discussions and 25 in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively sampled community stakeholders. Inductive analysis was used to develop final themes. Worry about forthcoming delivery and fears for the woman's survival were prominent concerns of all participants, but only rarely perceived to be pathological in intensity. Sociocultural practices such as continuing physical labour, dietary restriction, prayer and rituals to protect against supernatural attack were geared towards safe delivery and managing vulnerability. Despite strong cultural norms to celebrate pregnancy, participants emphasised that many pregnancies were unwanted and an additional burden on top of pre-existing economic and marital difficulties. Short birth interval and pregnancy out of wedlock were both seen as shameful and potent sources of mental distress. The notion that pregnancy in traditional societies is uniformly a time of joy and happiness is misplaced. Although antenatal mental distress may be self-limiting for many women, in those with enduring life difficulties, including poverty and abusive relationships, poor maternal mental health may persist. PMID:20148274

Hanlon, Charlotte; Whitley, Rob; Wondimagegn, Dawit; Alem, Atalay; Prince, Martin

2010-10-01

249

HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EN ALUMNOS DE BAJO NIVEL SOCIOCULTURAL / MATHEMATICAL SKILLS IN STUDENTS FROM A LOW SOCIAL AND CULTURAL STRATUM / HABILIDADES MATEMÁTICAS EM ALUNOS DE BAIXO NÍVEL SOCIOCULTURAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Neste artigo, é examinada a qualidade do ensino primária em México. Para dar conta do processo de desenvolvimento de várias habilidades matemáticas nos alunos do primeiro grau de ensino primária, foi realizado um estudo longitudinal em que participaram 169 alunos de estrato sociocultural baixo. Foi [...] aplicado um instrumento referido a critério e baseado em análise de tarefas, que possibilitou a análise de acertos e erros durante o ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Os resultados sinalam que os alunos tenham deficiências pré-acadêmicas, que desenvolveram algumas habilidades, mais que os níveis de aptitude matemática foram baixos ao final do curso. São discutidas as implicações dos resultados e são propostas alternativas para a educação, baseadas no modelo condutista de desenvolvimento psicológico. Abstract in spanish La temática abordada es la calidad de la educación básica en México. Con el propósito de dar cuenta del proceso de desarrollo de diversas habilidades matemáticas en alumnos de primer grado de primaria, se realizó un estudio longitudinal en el cual participaron 169 alumnos de estrato sociocultural ba [...] jo. Se aplicó un instrumento referido a criterio y basado en análisis de tareas, que permitió analizar los aciertos y errores a lo largo del ciclo escolar 2004-2005. Los resultados indican que los alumnos ingresaron con deficiencias preacadémicas, que se desarrollaron algunas habilidades, pero que los niveles de aptitud matemática fueron bajos al finalizar el curso. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se proponen alternativas para la educación, basadas en el modelo conductual de desarrollo psicológico. Abstract in english In this paper, the quality of primary education in Mexico is dealt with A longitudinal study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the process of development for various mathematical skills with first grade students; 169 students from a low social and cultural stratum participated. An instrument [...] referred to criteria and based on task analysis was used to analyze the errors and the correct responses throughout the 2004-2005 school year Results show that students had enrolled with previous academic deficiencies and developed some skills; however, the levels of mathematical skills were still low at the end of the school term. The implications of these results are discussed and some alternatives for education based on a behavioural model of psychological development are proposed.

YOLANDA, GUEVARA BENÍTEZ; ÁNGELA, HERMOSILLO GARCÍA; ALFREDO, LÓPEZ HERNÁNDEZ; ULISES, DELGADO SÁNCHEZ; GUSTAVO RENÉ, GARCÍA VARGAS; JUAN PABLO, RUGERIO TAPIA.

2008-12-01

250

Development of Networked Virtual Experiment System Based on Virtual Campus  

OpenAIRE

China’s higher education has been going through a period of rapid expansion in undergraduate population,and this means a much heavier demand on teaching resources such as laboratories, experiments, teaching staff,etc., which cannot possibly be made available all of a sudden.To deal with this situation, we found virtual reality (VR) technology very helpful. Virtual reality (VR) has found many applications in education; and the resources of virtual education such as virtual campus, virtual la...

Tian-tai Guo; Guo, Lin; Li, Dong-sheng

2009-01-01

251

Setting up virtual private network  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Setting up virtual private network for business enterprise provides a low cost network foundation, increases enterprise's network function and enlarges its private scope. The text introduces virtual private network's principal, privileges and protocols that use in virtual private network. At last, this paper introduces several setting up virtual private network's technologies which based on LAN

252

INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS’ ADJUSTMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: RELATION BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT, SELF-EFFICACY, AND SOCIO-CULTURAL ADJUSTMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between social support (Zimet et al., 1988, self-efficacy (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995, and socio-cultural adjustment (Ward & Kennedy, 1999. The sample consisted of 185 international undergraduate students in one of the public higher education institutions in Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was employed to test the hypotheses. The findings from this study indicated that support from friends and significant others is positively related to all dimensions of socio-cultural adjustment and support from family is positively related to cultural empathy. Self-efficacy is positively related to cultural empathy.

Yusliza Mohd.Yusoff

2011-05-01

253

Virtual Class Support at the Virtual Machine Level  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper describes how virtual classes can be supported in a virtual machine.  Main-stream virtual machines such as the Java Virtual Machine and the .NET platform dominate the world today, and many languages are being executed on these virtual machines even though their embodied design choices conflict with the design choices of the virtual machine.  For instance, there is a non-trivial mismatch between the main-stream virtual machines mentioned above and dynamically typed languages.  One language concept that creates an even greater mismatch is virtual classes, in particular because fully general support for virtual classes requires generation of new classes at run-time by mixin composition.  Languages like CaesarJ and ObjectTeams can express virtual classes restricted to the subset that does not require run-time generation of classes, because of the restrictions imposed by the Java Virtual Machine. We have chosen to support virtual classes by implementing a specialized virtual machine, and this paper describes how this virtual machine supports virtual classes with full generality.

Nielsen, Anders Bach; Ernst, Erik

2009-01-01

254

Contact-free handling using actively controlled electrostatic levitating fields:  

OpenAIRE

In general electric field forces have the distinctive property of being able to mediate forces to virtually any material in a fully non-invasive and contact-free fashion. Based on this property, electrostatic levitation holds great promise for the semiconductor, solar panel, and flat-panel display industry since the handling of (semi)conducting and dielectric materials in a contact-free manner can bring many advantages and solve long-standing contamination and particulate control problems. Th...

Woo, S. J.

2012-01-01

255

Virtual Organizations: An Overview  

Science.gov (United States)

The need to remain competitive in the open market forces companies to concentrate on their core competencies while searching for alliances when additional skills or resources are needed to fulfill business opportunities. The changing business situation of companies and customer needs have motivated researchers to introduce Virtual Organization (VO) idea. A Virtual Organization is always a form of partnership and managing partners and handling partnerships are crucial. Virtual organizations are defined as a temporary collection of enterprises that cooperate and share resources, knowledge, and competencies to better respond to business opportunities. This paper presents base concepts of virtual organizations including properties, management concepts, operational concepts, and main issues in collaboration such as security and authentication.

Nami, Mohammad Reza

256

VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SMB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data is growing at an alarming rate. Storage administrators are struggling to handle a spiraling volume of documents, images, audio and video files and large emails. Virtualization is a general term that could be applied to: storage systems, databases and networks. In this article, I present an overview of server virtualization architecture. I also specify the goals and benefits of virtualization for a SMB. The article points out some issues about server virtualization: definition, implementing problems and security features. In case of major calamity, you need a disaster recovery plan. The article lists a series of differences and similar parts of DR planning and business continuity plan. I give some ideas that guide you to protect yourself against disaster, what to back up and how backups should work.

Adriana BARNOSCHI

2009-10-01

257

Enforcing virtualized systems security  

OpenAIRE

Virtual machine technology is rapidly gaining acceptance as a fundamental building block in enterprise data centers. It is most known for improving efficiency and ease of management. However, the central issue of this technology is security. We propose in this thesis to enforce the security of virtualized systems and introduce new approaches that deal with different security aspects related not only to the technology itself but also to its deployment and maintenance. We first propose a new ar...

Benzina, Hedi

2012-01-01

258

Virtual Safe Online System  

OpenAIRE

As the number of user-managed devices continues to increase; the need for synchronizing multiple file hierarchies distributed over devices with ad hoc connectivity is becoming a significant problem. In this project, we propose a new approach for efficient virtualized-based synchronization of an arbitrary number of distributed files. Our approach maintains both the advantages of peer-to-peer synchronization with the virtualized-based approach. In contrast, we do not assume storage of any user'...

Shinde, Ms Shrutika S.; Shirodkar, Ms Dipika E.; Shriyan, Ms Ankita G.; Savita Lade

2014-01-01

259

Realidade Virtual e Educação  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The autor discuss Virtual Reality concepts and your aplication in School education considering the primary caracteristics and its bases needed for an optimized use of its pontencial allowing the students to discover, exploite and construc your own knowledge. The constant evolution of tecnology is helping Education in new trends of work enphatizing the use of new tools, revolutionizing the teaching/learning process. Virtual Reality has and will continue to have decisive rol in this evolutionary scenario.

Mariluci Braga

2001-01-01

260

On virtual link invariants  

OpenAIRE

Virtual links were introduced by Kauffman in 1999. We characterize the virtual link invariants that are partition functions of vertex models (as considered by de la Harpe and Jones), both in the real and in the complex case. We show that for any fixed number of states, these invariants form an affine variety. Basic techniques are the first and second fundamental theorem of invariant theory for the orthogonal group (in the sense of Weyl) and some related methods from algebrai...

Schrijver, Alexander

2012-01-01

261

Virtual Health Library – Nursing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Virtual Health Library – Nursing is as the broad of scientific and technical knowledge based in health-entered, organized, and stored in electronic format universally accessible on the WWW and compatible with international databases. The information sources are generated, updated, stored, and manipulated on the Internet by scholars in a decentralized manner using common methodologies for their integration into the Virtual Health Library- Nursing.

Isabel CF da Cruz

2006-08-01

262

Virtual Learning Environments  

OpenAIRE

Is the concept of 'virtual learning environment' just a popular label to describe any educational software? No, the concept includes several interesting features that justify the use of a specific label. We review these features in the first part of our contribution. Do these features guarantee pedagogical effects? No, we review in the second some potential contributions of virtual learning environments.Turning potential effects into actual outcomes is the challenge of designers.

Dillenbourg, Pierre; Schneider, Daniel; Synteta, Paraskevi

2002-01-01

263

VIRTUALIZATION IN CLOUD COMPUTING?  

OpenAIRE

Cloud computing technology is one of the biggest milestones in leading us to next generation technology and booming up business and IT field. It helps to overcome the problems of data loss, accessing data whenever needed and data security. This technology is mainly service oriented and focuses on cost reduction, hardware reduction and pay just for service concept. Virtualization in cloud computing is making a virtual image of the storage devices, servers or network resources so that they can ...

LAKSHAY MALHOTRA; DEVYANI AGARWAL; ARUNIMA JAISWAL?

2014-01-01

264

The individual virtual eye  

OpenAIRE

The individual virtual eye is a computer model of a human eye with respect to the optical properties. Established schematic eyes, as Gullstrand?s model eye, are intended to represent properties of an average eye based on averaged population measurements. In contrast, the individual virtual eye is based on measurements of an individual person. Therefore the geometry of the eye is important, including axial length and topographic measurements of the anterior corneal surface. All optical compon...

Einighammer, Jens

2008-01-01

265

Contact fiber bundles  

CERN Document Server

We define contact fiber bundles and investigate conditions for the existence of contact structures on the total space of such a bundle. The results are analogous to minimal coupling in symplectic geometry. The two applications are construction of K-contact manifolds generalizing Yamazaki's fiber join construction and a cross-section theorem for contact moment maps

Lerman, E

2003-01-01

266

Survey on virtual machine security  

OpenAIRE

Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual) version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS), storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to ...

Bright Prabahar P, Bijolin Edwin E.

2012-01-01

267

Virtual Machine in Automation Projects  

OpenAIRE

Virtual machine, as an engineering tool, has recently been introduced into automation projects in Tetra Pak Processing System AB. The goal of this paper is to examine how to better utilize virtual machine for the automation projects. This paper designs different project scenarios using virtual machine. It analyzes installability, performance and stability of virtual machine from the test results. Technical solutions concerning virtual machine are discussed such as the conversion with physical...

Xing, Xiaoyuan

2010-01-01

268

El enfoque sociocultural en el diseño y construcción de una comunidad de aprendizaje (THE SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACH IN THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A LEARNING COMMUNITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen:Los conceptos de comunidad de práctica y comunidad de aprendizaje se utilizan cada vez más en contextos educativos, muchas veces de forma indiferenciada. En este trabajo ubicamos ambas nociones en el contexto de los acercamientos socioculturales al aprendizaje y examinamos sus fundamentos. Luego, analizamos cada concepto y discutimos su aplicación en el ejemplo de una comunidad de aprendizaje concreta que fue concebida para construir colaborativamente intereses, conocimientos y destrezas en investigación desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria en jóvenes de escuela secundaria. Concluimos con algunas reflexiones con respecto a los logros y dificultades del proyecto.Abstract:The concepts community of practice and community of learning are increasingly used in educational contexts, many times in undifferentiated ways. In this work we place both concepts in the contexts of sociocultural approaches to learning and examine their backgrounds. We proceed to analyze each concept and to discuss their application trough the example of a specific learning community designed to the collaborative construction of the interests, knowledge and skills needed to conduct scientific research from an interdisciplinary perspective amonghigh school students. We conclude with some reflections on the accomplishments and difficulties confronted in the project.

Rodríguez Arocho Wanda C.

2009-11-01

269

The Virtual Observatory: I  

Science.gov (United States)

The concept of the Virtual Observatory arose more-or-less simultaneously in the United States and Europe circa 2000. Ten pages of Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium: Panel Reports (National Academy Press, Washington, 2001), that is, the detailed recommendations of the Panel on Theory, Computation, and Data Exploration of the 2000 Decadal Survey in Astronomy, are dedicated to describing the motivation for, scientific value of, and major components required in implementing the National Virtual Observatory. European initiatives included the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory at the European Southern Observatory, the AstroGrid project in the United Kingdom, and the Euro-VO (sponsored by the European Union). Organizational/conceptual meetings were held in the US at the California Institute of Technology (Virtual Observatories of the Future, June 13-16, 2000) and at ESO Headquarters in Garching, Germany (Mining the Sky, July 31-August 4, 2000; Toward an International Virtual Observatory, June 10-14, 2002). The nascent US, UK, and European VO projects formed the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) at the June 2002 meeting in Garching, with yours truly as the first chair. The IVOA has grown to a membership of twenty-one national projects and programs on six continents, and has developed a broad suite of data access protocols and standards that have been widely implemented. Astronomers can now discover, access, and compare data from hundreds of telescopes and facilities, hosted at hundreds of organizations worldwide, stored in thousands of databases, all with a single query.

Hanisch, R. J.

2014-11-01

270

The Role of The Socio-Cultural Context In Designing Appropriate Support Services And Enhancing Interaction In Distance Education In Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ABSTRACT Understanding the socio-cultural context is the key to developing appropriate support systems for distance learners. The socio-cultural context in Turkey is a critical ingredient in the development of Turkish distance education programmes, in which two elements of Turkish culture - patronage and an oral tradition - seem to play a significant role. The main aim of this study is to determine the role of the socio-cultural context in designing appropriate support services and enhancing interaction in the Turkish Distance Education System, namely, the Open Education Faculty (OEF. The study firstly introduces the technologies and socio-cultural context of the OEF then presents for consideration the influence of that context in designing appropriate support services and enhancing interaction; and finally provides a number of suggestions to enhance learner support and interaction according to the prevailing socio-cultural context.

Salih USUN

2006-07-01

271

Real-time control of an interactive impulsive virtual prosthesis.  

Science.gov (United States)

An interactive virtual dynamic environment for testing control strategies for neural machine interfacing with artificial limbs offers several advantages. The virtual environment is low-cost, easily configured, and offers a wealth of data for post-hoc analysis compared with real physical prostheses and robots. For use with prosthetics and research involving amputee subjects it allows the valuable time with the subject to be spent in experiments rather than fixing hardware issues. The usefulness of the virtual environment increases as the realism of the environment increases. Most tasks performed with limbs require interactions with objects in the environment. To simulate these tasks the dynamics of frictional contact, in addition to inertial limb dynamics must be modeled. Here, subjects demonstrate real-time control of an eight degree-of-freedom virtual prosthesis while performing an interactive box-and-blocks task. With practice, four nonamputee subjects and one shoulder disarticulation subject were able to successfully transfer blocks in the virtual environment at an average rate of just under two blocks per minute. The virtual environment is configurable in terms of the virtual arm design, control strategy, and task. PMID:23996579

Bunderson, Nathan E

2014-03-01

272

Coverings, composites and cables of virtual strings  

OpenAIRE

A virtual string can be defined as an equivalence class of planar diagrams under certain kinds of diagrammatic moves. Virtual strings are related to virtual knots in that a simple operation on a virtual knot diagram produces a diagram for a virtual string. In this paper we consider three operations on a virtual string or virtual strings which produce another virtual string, namely covering, composition and cabling. In particular we study virtual strings unchanged by the co...

Gibson, Andrew

2008-01-01

273

Political, Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Educational Challenges of Administering a Sino-US Joint Venture Campus in China  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study explored the political, economic, socio-cultural, and educational challenges of administering a Sino-U.S. joint-venture campus in the People's Republic of China. China American University (CAU) is an educational joint venture between China Investment Company (CIC) and American University (AU) in the U.S. that resulted in…

Ozturgut, Osman

2008-01-01

274

Constructing Achievement Orientations toward Literacy: An Analysis of Sociocultural Activity in Latino Home and Community Contexts. CIERA Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Minority children are often thought to lack an achievement orientation. This paper discusses the home and community contexts of Latina/o immigrant children in a low-income community in Southern California, to demonstrate how sociocultural factors interact to produce motivation. Findings reveal that even among demographically similar families, a…

Monzo, Lilia; Rueda, Robert

275

Body-Image Evaluation and Body-Image Investment among Adolescents: A Test of Sociocultural and Social Comparison Theories  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociocultural theory and social comparison theory were used to account for variations in body-image evaluation and body-image investment among male and female adolescents (N = 1,543). Exposure to magazines and television programs containing idealistic body imagery as well as frequency of self-comparison to universalistic targets (e.g., fashion…

Morrison, Todd G.; Kalin, Rudolf; Morrison, Melanie A.

2004-01-01

276

Sociocultural Theories, Academic Achievement, and African American Adolescents in a Multicultural Context: A Review of the Cultural Incompatibility Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Some theories have posited that African American youth are academic underachievers because of sociocultural factors. We label this point of view the cultural incompatibility perspective. Ogbu's oppositional culture theory and Steele's stereotype threat theory are selected as popular examples of this viewpoint. A critical review of the literature…

Whaley, Arthur L.; Noel, La

2011-01-01

277

Similar but Different: Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance, Body Shape Dissatisfaction, and Weight Control Behaviors among Male and Female College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Although females have a higher incidence of eating disorders than males, there is evidence that among college students both males and females are vulnerable to risk factors associated with eating disorders. Purpose: To explore the relationship between sociocultural attitudes towards appearance (SCATA), body shape (dis)satisfaction…

DeBate, Rita; Lewis, Melissa; Zhang, Yan; Blunt, Heather; Thompson, Sharon H.

2008-01-01

278

The Socioculturally Constructed Multivoiced Self as a Framework for Christian Education of Second-Generation Korean American Young Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

This article proposes a new framework for theory and practice of Christian education for second-generation Korean American young adults using the literature of sociocultural constructionism and the multivoiced self. This framework can provide holistic nurture and future trajectories in which to encourage a reflexive, praxis-generating faith. The…

Kang, S. Steve

2002-01-01

279

The Sociocultural Adjustment Trajectory of International University Students and the Role of University Structures: A Qualitative Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research explores the sociocultural adjustment of international students and the role played by university structures in the process. The adjustment process of international students has been modelled in psychological literature as a U-curve, a learning curve and most recently as a long, uneven and unending process of change. Yet,…

Coles, Rebecca; Swami, Viren

2012-01-01

280

Virtual Data in CMS Production  

CERN Document Server

Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: 1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, 2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, 3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location and existence independent plan, 4) a Concrete Planner, which maps an abstract, logical plan onto concrete, physical grid resources accounting for staging in/out files and publishing results to a replica location service. A CMS Workflow Planner, MCRunJob, is used to generate virtual data products using the Virtual Data Language. Subsequently, a prototype workflow manager, known as WorkRunner, is used to schedule the instantiation of virtual data products across a grid.

Arbree, A; Bourilkov, D; Cavanaugh, R J; Graham, G; Katageri, S; Rodríguez, J; Voeckler, J; Wilde, M

2003-01-01

281

Sharing the Joke? ‘Britcom’ Remakes in the United States: A Historical and Socio-Cultural Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In an increasingly ‘glocalized’ world, the success of NBC’s still-running remake of the BBC’s The Office would seem to indicate the continuing vitality of ‘Britcom’ adaptations on American network television. Initiated by US producer and comedy writer Norman Lear in the early 1970s, such cross-cultural translation has nevertheless had a long history of hit-or-miss experiences over the decades. Following an analysis of how the early television developments of the situation comedy genre in both countries may have favoured the emergence of different types of sitcom humour, this article will introduce several case-studies of US ‘Britcom’ remakes so as to map out the socio-cultural specificities at work in the retooling process central to such exchanges from the British to the American television industry.

Amandine Ducray

2012-03-01

282

Perceptions of Psychopathology in Relation to Socio-cultural Changes Among Ladakhi Youth  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It seems likely that an increasing number of young people in the isolated region of Ladakh are experiencing mental problems in relation to the process of acculturation. Ladakh, a Himalayan region situated in the northeast of India, has undergone rapid development. It has been influenced by the opening of the area for tourists in 1974 and from the massive presence of the Indian military. This work explores the discourses among intellectuals, practitioners and young people about psychopathology among the Ladakhi youth in relation to socio-cultural changes. Based on the discourse analysis and a review of relevant theoretical perspectives, it is argued that development is causing a greater diversity in the youth, and that the combination of greater pressure and less cultural support may be causing an increase in psychopathology.

Ozer, Simon

2012-01-01

283

Stress and sociocultural factors related to health status among US-Mexico border farmworkers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines factors relating to farmworkers' health status from sociocultural factors, including stress embedded within their work and community contexts. A cross-sectional household survey of farmworkers (N = 299) included social-demographics, immigration status descriptors, and a social-ecologically grounded, community-responsive, stress assessment. Outcomes included three standard US national surveillance measures of poor mental, physical, and self-rated health (SRH). Logistic regression models showed that higher levels of stress were significantly associated (Ps < .001) with increased risk for poor mental health and poor physical health considering all variables. Stress was not associated with SRH. Regarding two of the three outcomes, mental health and physical health, stress added explanatory power as expected. For poor SRH, a known marker for mortality risk and quite high in the sample at 38%, only age was significantly associated. Clinical and systems-level health promotion strategies may be required to mitigate these stressors in border-residing farmworkers. PMID:23813347

Carvajal, Scott C; Kibor, Clara; McClelland, Deborah Jean; Ingram, Maia; de Zapien, Jill Guernsey; Torres, Emma; Redondo, Floribella; Rodriguez, Kathryn; Rubio-Goldsmith, Raquel; Meister, Joel; Rosales, Cecilia

2014-12-01

284

Webgenres and - styles as socio-cultural indicators - an experimental interdisciplinary dialogue  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper presents a crossdisciplinary experiment of analysing web design through a combination of the academic fields of design history and anthroplogy. The two authors merge aesthetic and socio-cultural aspects of new technology in a case-based discussion of the invention and use of contemporary web design. Indicating the potentials of an inter-disciplinary perspective in exploring design in general they draw on such parameters as user-differenctiation and aesthetic positioning in a discussion of the role of genre and style in commercial formations on the web. Comparing examples from banking web-pages, they discuss certain aspects of cultural and esthetical conceptual representational systems that are expressed through genres and styles on the net. They argue that web design has become a central cultural field for the negotiation and expression of identity and taste, communicating different design norms and forms of social distinction.

Engholm, Ida

2005-01-01

285

Online reflections about tinkering in early childhood: A socio-cultural analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Science education research predominantly shows that students improve their scientific understandings when they tinker (or pull apart tools and simple household machines. In this study, the qualitative data collected took the form of online journal entries by final year, female, primary teacher trainees, who reflected upon their early childhood experiences of ‘tinkering’. Data analysis, from a socio-cultural perspective, shows that many of these fledgling teachers of technology face similar issues found for young girls. Results of the study indicate that teaching technology is as much about winning hearts as educating minds. These personal reflections on very deep responses to technology must be an important part of preparing teachers to deal with young children’s learning and responses.

Beverley JANE

2006-06-01

286

Sociocultural contexts and worker safety and health: findings of a study with Chinese immigrant restaurant workers.  

Science.gov (United States)

More immigrants are seeking employment in restaurants. Drawing data from an ethnographic study, this article discusses what and how sociocultural contexts shape the safety and health of immigrant restaurant workers. Eighteen Chinese immigrants from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan participated in the study. Data generation methods included a questionnaire, individual and focus group interviews, and participant observations. Ethnographic analysis revealed that immigration mechanisms, demands of English proficiency for employment, and existence of networks and ethnic communities shaped the participants' employment choices. Working hours and schedules, interpersonal relationships at work, job design and training, occupational safety and health training, and national events and economy further influenced the participants' occupational experiences and well-being. Issues were noted with job security, mental health, family relationships, and risks for occupational injuries and illnesses. Implications for occupational health nursing research and practice to reduce immigrant workers' vulnerability to poor safety and health outcomes conclude this article. PMID:19283933

Tsai, Jenny; Bruck, Annie

2009-02-01

287

[Study on sociocultural history of therapeutic efficacy and processing of chinese materia medica].  

Science.gov (United States)

The historical evolving examples of the confirmation of therapeutic efficacy of some Chinese materia medica, the social fashion of using medicine, and the processing methods of Chinese materia medica indicate that the social trend of thoughts, customs and economic factors in different ages affected the various aspects of Chinese materia medica. So, Chinese materia medica possesses very outstanding social and cultural features. Not all the actions of Chinese materia medica recorded came from the experiences of doctors. The understanding level to the nature in different ages decides what kind of drugs they would accept. There are three kinds of drug processing in ancient times: effective medicinal processing, fantastic Taoist processing and invalid trading processing. Based on the study of sociocultural history of therapeutic efficacy and processing of Chinese materia medica. It is crucial that the history and medical literature research on Chinese materia medica and pharmacy should be raised to the position as important as clinical and experiment researches. PMID:17533692

Zheng, Jin-Sheng

2006-10-01

288

Sociocultural attitudes towards appearance and body dissatisfaction among adolescent girls in Croatia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four hundred and seventy-one girls and young women aged 14 to 23 were surveyed regarding their awareness and internalization of the thin ideal and body dissatisfaction. Measures included the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ). These young women were found to express a large degree of body dissatisfaction which was significantly related to the internalization and awareness of the thin ideal. Multiple analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied in order to determine the effects of age, awareness and internalization on body image using body mass index (BMI) as covariate. It was concluded that the girls with high scores on the internalization and awareness scales were the most dissatisfied with their bodies. The present study suggests that the awareness and adoption of the thin body ideal and high body dissatisfaction are a part of the process of globalization, which is now present in most cultures and nations. PMID:18227632

Pokrajac-Bulian, A; Ambrosi-Randic, N

2007-12-01

289

The wetlands of Magdalena medio Antioqueno from a physical and socio-cultural perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wetlands are ecosystems with environmental and ecological importance that require of a new methodological and legal focus that allows developing conservation policies in agreement with the natural and socio-cultural conditions. In the Magdalena Medio Antioqueno, CORANTIOQUIA region, were recognized 362 wetlands, divided in two main groups; in Puerto Nare and Puerto Berrio to the south prevails herbaceous wetlands without permanent surface water, locally known as Bajos. In Yondo the wetlands have permanent surface water. The environmental dynamic depends from the geomorphologic and hydrological conditions and are affected in a differential way by the human action. The region is the result of a long occupation process that begins in prehistoric times and had changed depending on the different historical moments. This complex social configuration has given origin to diverse perceptions and types of appropriation of the wetlands what explains the identified environmental circumstances

290

Sociocultural interactions with wild fauna in a conservation unit at the Amazon: gender and generational relations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes socioculturally established interactions between inhabitants of Unini River, at Jau National Park, Central Amazon, with the local wild fauna. The diversity of these interactions and how their reproduction is influenced by associated factors of gender and generation. The methodological procedures used were participative observation and focus group workshops. In these workshops, free-listings of wild fauna related to diverse forest habitats and ecological niches were produced and the degree of similarity and dissimilarity between those lists were analyzed using the Jaccard index, illustrated in dendrograms. In general, mental associations between fauna and habitats are similar among community members. Nevertheless, effects of gender and generation are noticeable. Reproduction of such interaction permeates the issue of habitus, which structures the socialization process of cultural interaction with the local fauna.

Luciana Raffi Menegaldo

2013-04-01

291

Teachers' Adequacy of Subject Knowledge in Primary Science: Assessing constructivist approaches from a sociocultural perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, increasing emphasis has come to be placed, both by researchers and by policy-makers, on the adequacy of primary teachers’ subject knowledge of science. Within research, this emphasis has been linked to the rise of constructivist ideas about the significance of establishing children’s prior conceptions of scientific concepts for effective teaching. In this article I examine two constructivist approaches to teachers’ adequacy of subject knowledge within UK research on primary science education. In each case I provide a critique of the assumptions they make about the nature of knowledge and how it develops. I do this from a sociocultural perspective, which views knowledge and learning as necessarily situated within communities of practice. My aim is to assess the implications of this perspective for understanding teachers’ adequacy of subject knowledge.

Traianou, Anna

2006-06-01

292

Socio-cultural processes behind the differential distribution of organic farming in Denmark - a case study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Conversion to organic farming, along with driving forces and barriers, has been explored intensively during the past decade, while studies on localization and impacts of local socio-cultural processes on conversion to and diffusion of organic farming have been scarce. Concentrations of organic farms in Denmark differ according to county, and moreover there appeared to be large within-county variation in the density of organic farms. The present study explores the local aspects of conversion to organic farming and the factors that may help explain the variations in density and concentration of organic farms within smaller areas. The study is based on nine qualitative interviews with organic farmers from two neighboring areas, referred to as "mainland" and "island". Three farms were situated in the high-density area (mainland) and the remaining six in the low-density area (island). Furthermore, five advisors with connections to the area provided information on their local experiences and perceptions

Risgaard, M. L.; Frederiksen, P.

2007-01-01

293

An Investigation of Communication in Virtual High Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual schooling is an increasing trend for secondary education. Research of the communication practices in virtual schools has provided a myriad of suggestions for virtual school policies. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the activities and processes involved in the daily rituals of virtual school teachers and learners with the goal of determining how regular phone calls by teachers contributed to the work habits of students. Eight virtual teachers were observed attempting to contact more than 60 struggling learners. Phone conversations with 12 of these learners showed that teachers repeatedly attempted to help them. Eleven students were interviewed and indicated preferences for written communications. Ten additional teachers who were interviewed emphasized the difficulty they had in reaching students by phone and the lack of student responses to phone-call attempts. The teachers in the study provided additional data regarding their regular communication patterns. Archival records from more than 100 contact attempts showed that approximately 20% of the students responded to teacher phone calls and less than half of these students completed the work requested. The interview data revealed that teachers believe written communications or multiple forms of communication may be more effective than regular phone calls. Future research should extend current research by expanding on sample size and investigating alternate methods of communication. Further investigation of learner responses to phone calls and of nonresponsive students could add to this data.

Marley Belair

2012-01-01

294

Socio-cultural impacts of construction and regulation of the waterway of Oulujoki river  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of study was to clarify the socio-cultural impacts of the regulation and construction of Oulujoki river on the everyday life of people. Changes in work and livelihood, living and living satisfaction, and leisure time and recreation are considered as variables. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in the study. The principal study material is composed of answers to a questionnaire and of 109 thematic interviews on the topic. The hold of the study is phenomenological-hermeneutical, with the intention to interpret the matter from the viewpoint of the attitudes and requirements of the waterway users. The theoretical frame of reference was culture-ecological point of view and adaptive process. The emphasis of the study is on sociocultural adaptation. The attitude towards waterway construction and regulation was dependent on the background of the person interviewed. The attitude was considered e.g. by various interest groups and professional groups, such as farmers, inhabitants on the shore, recreation users, fishermen, municipal elected officials. Other important variables were age, family stage and sex. Big local differences in the attitudes could also be found. While prevailing values in society and peoples' modes of living are changing, also the attitude towards waterway and changes caused by waterway construction has changed in the region studied. The impacts on the sources of livelihood are minor for the moment, the impacts on living satisfaction and recreations are significant. While leisure time is increasing the recreation value of waterway increases, too. At the construction stage of the river, the economical and productional advantages took priority, and then no attention was paid to recreational use

295

Pain worlds: towards the integration of a sociocultural perspective of pain in clinical physical therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO-ICF) model has been advocated as a model of function to conceptualize physical therapist practice. Among its advances, the WHO-ICF model explicitly recognizes the existence of social factors that may influence patients' and clients' understanding of pain. However, understandings of the historical, social and cultural processes that shape the individual and collective experiences of pain and the therapeutic relationship remain limited. We call for a more intentional and sustained dialogue between clinical practice and sociology to help elucidate the nature, characteristics, complexities and clinical implications of one specific element of the WHO-ICF model, environmental factors. The purpose of this review is to advocate for the continued adoption of a sociological lens to help physical therapists better understand the broader networks of people, ideologies and practices in which people 'in pain' are enmeshed and the historical, geographical and cultural spaces in which they operate. In this review, we discuss existing empirical findings in sociology to introduce the concept of 'pain worlds', which can be applied by physical therapists to help characterize the sociocultural factors identified in the WHO-ICF model. Pain worlds is designed to complement the WHO-ICF model and assist in developing interdisciplinary research agendas that illuminate and examine the role, significance and clinical implications of sociocultural and environmental dimensions of pain. We conclude with a brief set of recommendations for the development of such translational research agendas and call for the integration of pain worlds in clinical practice. PMID:24764250

Killick, Lara; Davenport, Todd E

2014-12-01

296

[Comparison of sociocultural attitudes towards epilepsy in Limousin (France), in Togo and in Benin (Africa)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociocultural attitudes continue to have a negative impact on management of epilepsy in many African countries and in a few advanced countries. The purpose of this study was to compare attitudes toward epilepsy in France and two African nations: Togo and Benin. A total of 305 epileptic patients over 18 years of age were interviewed using the same quantitative questionnaire about their beliefs, knowledge attitudes and practices regarding their disease. There were 77 patients from the Limousin region in France, 129 from the rural canton of Nadoba in Togo and 99 from the coastal province in Benin. The frequency of epileptic seizure during the last two years prior to the study was lower in France than in Togo and Benin. The number of people who believed in supernatural causes of epilepsy was higher in Togo and Benin whereas the number of people attributing the disease to social causes (e.g. death and stress) was higher in France. Few epileptic patients in France thought that the disease was contagious whereas many patients in both Togo and Benin still believed that the disease was contagious and that some foods were forbidden. More patients in France than in Togo and Benin were aware of the relationship of epilepsy with alcohol, drug abuse and cerebral injury. Epileptic patients in France were more likely to consult a physician and use medical drugs for the treatment of epilepsy than their counterparts in Togo and Benin. Epileptic patients in Togo often complained of social exclusion. Although sometimes contradictory, these findings support the idea that sociocultural attitudes should be taken into account in the management of the disease. PMID:12910651

Nubukpo, P; Preux, P M; Clement, J P; Houinato, D; Tuillas, M; Aubreton, C; Radji, A; Grunitzky, E K; Avode, G; Tapie, P

2003-01-01

297

Limitaciones metodológicas de la epidemiología moderna y una alternativa para superarlas: la epidemiología sociocultural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo de revisión pretende poner en la mesa de la discusión algunas de las limitaciones metodológicas que están presentes en la epidemiología moderna, particularmente en lo que se refiere a estudios epidemiológicos observacionales, para apuntar de modo somero cuáles serían los aportes de una [...] epidemiología de raigambre sociocultural, entendiendo por esto la necesidad de relacionar los hechos biológicos con los ámbitos social, ecológico y cultural, desde la perspectiva de que esta tarea alude a una necesaria ampliación epistemológica y también metodológica de la epidemiología. Para ello, en el presente trabajo se revisan algunas de las bases conceptuales y metodológicas de la epidemiología moderna, señalando limitaciones y alcances que se han sugerido en la literatura producida tanto dentro de la disciplina como desde las ciencias sociales. El calificativo "epidemiología moderna" se empleará indistintamente del de "epidemiología tradicional", dado que lo que interesa es abordar primordialmente los conceptos y métodos usados por la epidemiología a partir del siglo XX. Abstract in english This is a review paper aimed at discussing some methodological flaws in modern epidemiology, particularly those relevant to observational studies. Our purpose is to briefly point out what would be the contributions from an epidemiology with sociocultural roots, meaning by this the need to link biolo [...] gical facts to social, ecological and cultural elements, always from a perspective that alludes to a necessary expansion of epistemological and methodological aspects of modern epidemiology. To this end, in this paper we review some of the conceptual and methodological foundations of modern epidemiology pointing out limitations and scopes that have been suggested both within the discipline and from the social sciences. The term "modern epidemiology" will be used interchangeably with "traditional epidemiology", because what primarily matters is addressing the concepts and methods used in epidemiology from the 20th century.

Gerardo, Álvarez Hernández.

298

Análisis de costes y perfil sociocultural del enfermo renal: impacto de la modalidad de tratamiento / Cost analysis and sociocultural profile of kidney patients: impact of the treatment method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: El análisis del coste de la enfermedad renal crónica basado en datos individuales, por componentes y modalidades terapéuticas no ha sido publicado en España. Objetivos: a) Estudiar los costes sanitarios de un año de tratamiento con hemodiálisis (HD), trasplante renal (TxR) de cadáver y [...] reno-páncreas (TxRP), y de la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada (ERCA) E4 y E5. b) Evaluar la eventual relación entre disparidad sociocultural, costes y modalidad de tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional de: 1) 81 pacientes con ERCA (53 E4 y 28 E5); 2) 162 con más de 3 meses en HD y 3) 173 con más de 6 meses Tx (140 TxR y 33 TxRP). Los costes se evaluaron en cinco categorías: 1) sesiones de HD, 2) consumo farmacéutico, 3) hospitalizaciones, 4) atención ambulatoria y 5) transporte. Se realizó una encuesta de parámetros sociodemográficos. Resultados: El impacto económico de la HD fue de 47 714 ± 18 360 € (media ± DS), el del Tx de 13 988 ± 9970 €, y el de la ERCA 9654 ± 9412 €. El coste de la HD fue el más elevado en todas las partidas económicas. Los costes fueron similares entre TxR y TxRP. En ERCA, a mayor deterioro renal, mayor coste (E4 7846 ± 8901 frente a E5 13 300 ± 9820, p Abstract in english Background: The cost analysis of chronic kidney disease based on individual data for treatment methods and components has not been published in Spain. Objectives: a) To study the health costs of a year of treatment with haemodialysis (HD), deceased donor renal transplantation (RTx), renal-pancreas t [...] ransplantation (RPTx), and S4 and S5 advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) b) Assess the potential relationship between sociocultural diversity, costs and treatment method. Methods: Observational study of: 1) 81 patients with ACKD (53 S4 and 28 S5) 2) 162 with more than 3 months on HD and 3) 173 with a Tx for more than 6 months (140 RTx and 33 RPTx). The costs were assessed in five categories: 1) HD sessions, 2) drug intake, 3) hospitalisation, 4) outpatient care and 5) transportation. We carried out a survey with socio-demographic parameters. Results: The financial impact of HD was €47,714±18,360 (mean±SD), that of Tx €13,988±9970, and that of ACKD €9654±9412. The cost of HD was the highest in all financial items. The costs were similar between RTx and RPTx. In ACKD, the greater the renal deterioration, the greater the cost is (S4 €7846±8901 versus S5 €13,300±9820, P

Víctor, Lorenzo-Sellares; M. Inmaculada, Pedrosa; Balbina, Santana-Expósito; Zoraida, García-González; Mónica, Barroso-Montesinos.

299

Virtual Field Trip  

Science.gov (United States)

This immersive multimedia application was developed to provide students with the ability to virtually explore areas on Earth that have been identified as analog sites to regions on Mars. Users zoom in from a global view down to a surface view of a site, where they are placed into a 360 degree spherical virtual reality surface panorama. They can navigate around the site selecting various objects and listening to scientists to learn more about how and why the site was chosen, how it relates to Mars, and why it is of interest. The environment consists of various linked 360 degree spherical stitched virtual reality environments, 3D based layered environments, global fly downs, as well as compressed streaming video files for each area of research. The software is downloadable as compressed files for PC or Mac.

300

ATLAS Virtual Visits  

CERN Document Server

ATLAS Virtual Visits is a project initiated in 2011 for the Education & Outreach program of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN. Its goal is to promote public appreciation of the LHC physics program and particle physics, in general, through direct dialogue between ATLAS physicists and remote audiences. A Virtual Visit is an IP-based videoconference, coupled with a public webcast and video recording, between ATLAS physicists and remote locations around the world, that typically include high school or university classrooms, Masterclasses, science fairs, or other special events, usually hosted by collaboration members. Over the past two years, more than 10,000 people, from all of the world’s continents, have actively participated in ATLAS Virtual Visits, with many more enjoying the experience from the publicly available webcasts and recordings. We present an overview of our experience and discuss potential development for the future.

Goldfarb, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01

301

Virtual-World Naturalism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sometimes a player will stray from the path described by a game, moving into new spaces, developing new possible modes of interaction, and often discovering the rougher edges of the game world, where physics models break down, textures become incongruous, and the pieces don’t quite fit together. Gameplay that seeks out these spaces and these phenomena, that searches for such clues to the underlying construction of the virtual environment, is a kind of virtual-world naturalism, at once a return to an investigative urge that has been subsumed to the exhaustive mapping and description of the real world and a form of resistance to the very idea of pre-defined paths of action, of externally imposed limits, in virtual worlds as well as in our own.

Daniel Reynolds

2010-07-01

302

First Indico Virtual Event  

CERN Document Server

The first Indico virtual event will take place on February 4th 15:00 and will focus on two main topics The release of Indico v1.2 The migration of the OO Indico backend database (ZODB) to a more standard DBMS It will be fully virtual using the CERN Vidyo service and will foster discussions between developers and administrators of Indico servers worldwide. Connections to the virtual room will be open, but attendees are encouraged to register to the event, in order to be informed of any changes in the organisation if any. If you would like to add a topic of discussion or propose yourself a contribution, please let us know at indico-team@cern.ch. Connection to Vidyo Vidyo connection details are available here CERN Vidyo service documentation can be found here First-time users are encouraged to try the service before connecting to the real event

CERN. Geneva

2014-01-01

303

"Child Divorce": A Break from Parental Responsibilities and Rights Due to the Traditional Socio-Cultural Practices and Beliefs of the Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a recent ground-breaking case the South African courts were for the first time requested to use their discretion to interfere in the parent-child relationship due to the traditional socio-cultural beliefs of the parents. In what has been described as "every parent's nightmare; the fancy of many teenagers", a 16 year-old schoolgirl from Milerton in the Western Cape asked to be "freed" from her parents to live semi-independently from them because of her unhappiness with the conservative manner in which her parents treated her. After considering the matter the judge assigned to the case granted her request to live semi-independently with a school friend and her family (called by the judge the host family until she reaches the age of 18 (her majority. Her parents were accorded permission to have limited contact with her. This case represents an example of the difficulties involved when balancing the rights of a teenager against those of the parents in matters of socio-cultural practice and belief. In a multi-cultural society such as South Africa the case raises numerous serious questions for other families. For instance, what standards will a court use to determine if parents are too conservative in bringing up their children and what factors will be taken into account? How much freedom and autonomy should children be given? How will courts prevent children from misusing the system just to get what their friends have, and - the ultimate question - are the rights of children superior to the traditional rights of parents in matters of socio-cultural practice, with specific reference to their upbringing? In this context it is the aim of this contribution to focus primarily on the questions asked above. Possible solutions for striking a balance between the rights of children and their parents are explored. The submission is made that the best interests principle is still the most important factor to be taken into account when balancing or weighing competing rights and interests concerning children. The principle of the best interests of the child, the founding principle of children's rights, however, is anchored in the family, and any break between the two should be carefully considered. It is concluded that in an attempt to resolve disputes between parents and their children the relevant provisions of the Constitution and the Children's Act must be considered and must be balanced and tested in relation to each other for constitutional consistency and compliance. It is also submitted that caution should be taken by the legislative framework not to encourage children to break the parent-child relationship on a mere whim, as an overemphasis of children's rights might result in the dilution of the sense of the value of the family in society.

M Bekink

2012-03-01

304

The Virtual Future  

CERN Document Server

The newest communication technologies are profoundly changing the world's politics, economies, and cultures, but the specific implications of online gameworlds remain mysterious. The Virtual Future employs theories and methods from social science to explore nine very different virtual futures: The Matrix Online, Tabula Rasa, Anarchy Online, Entropia Universe, Star Trek Online, EVE Online, Star Wars Galaxies, World of Warcraft: Burning Crusade, and The Chronicles of Riddick. Each presents a different picture of how technology and society could evolve in coming centuries, but one theme runs thro

Bainbridge, William Sims

2011-01-01

305

Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering  

OpenAIRE

We study in QCD the physics of deeply-virtual Compton scattering (DVCS)---the virtual Compton process in the large s and small t kinematic region. We show that DVCS can probe a new type of off-forward parton distributions. We derive an Altarelli-Parisi type of evolution equations for these distributions. We also derive their sum rules in terms of nucleon form-factors of the twist-two quark and gluon operators. In particular, we find that the second sum rule is related to fra...

Ji, Xiangdong

1996-01-01

306

Virtual-Geology.Info  

Science.gov (United States)

At virtual-geology.info, Roger Suthren, a professor at Oxford Brookes University, offers educational materials on geologic phenomena throughout the world. Users can take virtual field trips to study the geology of Scotland, Alaska, and France. In the Regional Geology link, visitors can view wonderful pictures of the volcanoes of Germany, Italy, France, and Greece. Educators can find images of sediments and sedimentary rocks which can be used in a variety of classroom exercises. The website supplies descriptions and additional educational links about sedimentology and environmental geology.

307

Virtual Finance Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Search Partners, a provider of executive financial search services, presents the Virtual Finance Library, a packed collection of links to financial sites. The main page of Virtual Finance Library contains general information including reference and dictionary sites, calculators and converters, and interesting links. The rest of the library is accessible via the table of contents on the left side of the screen. The Websites are organized by topic, geographic location, or subtopic. Each topic begins with a short introduction to the subject, several pages long, and most links are descriptively annotated.

308

Applied virtual reality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To reduce plant down time during irradiated fuel cell dismantling at Torness Power Station, a new visualisation technique has been used for the manipulator. Complex computer graphics packages were used to provide a ''Virtual Reality'' environment which allowed the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell to be simulated. Significant cost savings have been achieved due to reductions in lost output. The virtual reality environment is at present being extended to the design and deployment of a new manipulator for in-vessel inspection of the boiler. (UK)

309

Buying Cosmetic Contact Lenses?  

Science.gov (United States)

... correct your vision — may seem like just another fashion accessory. But all contact lenses — even purely cosmetic ... or a specialty shop, large wholesale store, or online retailer. To make shopping for contacts or glasses ...

310

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... to use colored contact lenses to enhance their costumes. From blood-drenched vampire eyes to glow-in-the-dark lizard lenses, costume contacts can certainly add a spooky, eye-popping ...

311

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During ... Eye Protection Eyesight Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Water & Contacts Don’ ...

312

Grants Management Contacts  

Science.gov (United States)

Posted: April 2, 2015 Posted: April 2, 2015 Grants Management Contacts Please contact the grants management specialist assigned to your institution for questions regarding NCI grants. Institution Assigned Specialist FY 2015 3P Biotechnologies,

313

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Water & Contacts Don’t Mix To help prevent eye ... that decorative lenses do not require the same level of care or consideration as a standard contact ...

314

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye ... level of care or consideration as a standard contact lens because they can be purchased over-the-counter ...

315

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Science.gov (United States)

... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye ... level of care or consideration as a standard contact lens because they can be purchased over-the-counter ...

316

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... their costumes. From blood-drenched vampire eyes to glow-in-the-dark lizard lenses, costume contacts can ... care provider. If you notice redness, swelling, excessive discharge, pain or discomfort from wearing contact lenses, remove ...

317

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... occur. Follow Us Halloween Hazard: The Hidden Dangers of Buying Colored Contact Lenses Without a Prescription It ... hours after she first put in a pair of colored contact lenses, Laura Butler of Parkersburg, W. ...

318

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Colored Contact Lens Dangers Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing Eye Injuries Healthy Eyes During Pregnancy Computer ... Risks for Smokers Veterans & Eye Health More Lifestyle Topics > EyeSmart Tips Water & Contacts Don’t Mix To ...

319

Cosmic Contact Censorship  

CERN Document Server

Till date we have not made Contact with any Extraterrestrial civilizations. The Fermi Paradox remains a paradox - the Great Silence prevails. In the light of the Rare Earth hypothesis, it seems that advanced life is exceedingly rare in the universe. Also, if there does exist some Extraterrestrial civilizations then still achieving Contact is extremely difficult as the very nature of the universe discourages Contact. It's as if there is a Cosmic Contact Censorship in place.

Vaidya, P G

2007-01-01

320

New Cosmetic Contact Allergens  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Allergic and photo-allergic contact dermatitis, and immunologic contact urticaria are potential immune-mediated adverse effects from cosmetics. Fragrance components and preservatives are certainly the most frequently observed allergens; however, all ingredients must be considered when investigating for contact allergy.

An Goossens

2015-02-01

321

User and virtual organisation support in EGEE  

CERN Document Server

User and virtual organisation support in EGEE Providing adequate user support in a grid environment is a very challenging task due to the distributed nature of the grid. The variety of users and the variety of Virtual Organizations (VO) with a wide range of applications in use add further to the challenge. The people asking for support are of various kinds. They can be generic grid beginners, users belonging to a given Virtual Organization and dealing with a specific set of applications, site administrators operating grid services and local computing infrastructures, grid monitoring operators who check the status of the grid and need to contact the specific site to report problems; to this list can be added network specialists and others. Wherever a user is located and whatever the problem experienced is, a user expects from a support infrastructure a given set of services. A non-exhaustive list is the following: a) a single access point for support; b) a portal with a well structured sources of information a...

Donno, Flavia

2006-01-01

322

On the 3D normal tire/off-road vibro-contact problem with friction  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a virtual experiment concerning driving on off-roads is investigated via 3D normal vibro-contact problem with friction. The dynamic road concept is introduced in order to characterize a particular stretch of road by total longitudinal, lateral, and normal forces and their geometric distributions in the contact patches. The off-road profiles are built by image sonification technique. The cross-sectional curves of off-roads before and after deformation, the contact between the tire and the road, the distribution of contact and friction forces in the contact domain, the natural frequencies and modes when the tire is in ground contact, are estimated. The approach is exercised on two particular problems and results compare favorably to existing analytical and numerical solutions. The feasibility of image sonification technique is useful to build a low-cost virtual reality environment with an increased degree of realism for driving simulators and higher user flexibility.

Munteanu, Ligia; Chiroiu, Veturia; Bri?an, Cornel; Dumitriu, Dan; Sireteanu, Tudor; Petre, Simona

2015-03-01

323

Virtual Displacement in Lagrangian Dynamics  

OpenAIRE

The confusion and ambiguity encountered by students, in understanding virtual displacement and virtual work, is addressed in this article. A definition of virtual displacement is presented that allows one to express them explicitly for both time independent and time dependent constraints. It is observed that for time independent constraints the virtual displacements are the displacements allowed by the constraints. However this is not so for a general time dependent case. Fo...

Ray, Subhankar; Shamanna, J.

2004-01-01

324

Security and Virtualization: a Survey  

OpenAIRE

In this report, we investigate the security aspects and challenges about computer virtualization. In a few words, virtualization is what allows the execution of multiple operating systems on a single machine at the same time. A virtualization component can be viewed as a layer or a container making some kind of emulation, allowing to execute programs or operating systems on the virtualized layer, for example executing Microsoft Windows and Linux on one single machine at the same time. On one ...

Clemente, Patrice; Rouzaud-cornabas, Jonathan

2011-01-01

325

Corporate Training in Virtual Worlds  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents virtual training worlds that are relatively low-cost distributed collaborative learning environments suitable for corporate training. A virtual training world allows a facilitator, experts and trainees communicating and acting in the virtual environment for practicing skills during collaborative problem solving. Using these environments is beneficial to both trainees and corporations. Two system prototypes – the sales training and the leadership training virtual worlds – are described. The leadership training course design is discussed in details.

Charles Nebolsky

2004-12-01

326

Contact-based sequence alignment  

OpenAIRE

This paper introduces the novel method of contact-based protein sequence alignment, where structural information in the form of contact mutation probabilities is incorporated into an alignment routine using contact-mutation matrices (CAO: Contact Accepted mutatiOn). The contact-based alignment routine optimizes the score of matched contacts, which involves four (two per contact) instead of two residues per match in pairwise alignments. The first contact refers to a real side-chain contact in ...

Kleinjung, J.; Romein, J. W.; Lin, K.; Heringa, J.

2004-01-01

327

Virtual strings and their cobordisms  

OpenAIRE

A virtual string is a scheme of self-intersections of a closed curve on a surface. We study algebraic invariants of strings as well as two equivalence relations on the set of strings: homotopy and cobordism. We show that the homotopy invariants of strings form an infinite dimensional Lie group. We also discuss connections between virtual strings and virtual knots.

Turaev, Vladimir

2003-01-01

328

Team Development of Virtual Teams  

Science.gov (United States)

Advanced technologies, globalization, the competitiveness of business, flexible working practices, and other rapid changes in the nature of work have all led to the booming of "virtual teams." This paper will provide an overview of virtual teams, including a description of their emergence, a definition and typology of the term "virtual team," an…

Kim, Sooyoung

2004-01-01

329

Virtual Worlds in Computing Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the use of a virtual world ("Second Life") in computing education, and identifies the precursors of current virtual world systems. The article reviews the potential for virtual worlds as tools in computing education. It describes two areas where "Second Life" has been used in computing education: as a development…

Crellin, Jonathan; Duke-Williams, Emma; Chandler, Jane; Collinson, Timothy

2009-01-01

330

Virtual Reality in the Classroom.  

Science.gov (United States)

Considers the concept of virtual reality; reviews its history; describes general uses of virtual reality, including entertainment, medicine, and design applications; discusses classroom uses of virtual reality, including a software program called Virtus WalkThrough for use with a computer monitor; and suggests future possibilities. (34 references)…

Pantelidis, Veronica S.

1993-01-01

331

Semiquandles and flat virtual knots  

OpenAIRE

We introduce an algebraic structure we call semiquandles whose axioms are derived from flat Reidemeister moves. Finite semiquandles have associated counting invariants and enhanced invariants defined for flat virtual knots and links. We also introduce singular semiquandles and virtual singular semiquandles which define invariants of flat singular virtual knots and links. As an application, we use semiquandle invariants to compare two Vassiliev invariants.

Henrich, Allison; Nelson, Sam

2009-01-01

332

Virtual learning: possibilities and realization  

OpenAIRE

The virtual learning in University Education is the learning which is presented by set of integrated information and pedagogical technologies, in a process of interaction between subjects and objects as the virtual educational resources. This interaction characterize as the set of dialectically interconnected fields of human activity (intellectual, emotional and figurative, cultural, social). The virtual educational resources, possibility of their adaptation to student subje...

Nurassyl, Kerimbayev

2013-01-01

333

Virtual manufacturing in reality  

Science.gov (United States)

SMEs play an important role in manufacturing industry. But from time to time there is a shortage in resources to complete the particular order in time. Number of systems is introduced to produce digital information in order to support product and process development activities. Main problem is lack of opportunity for direct data transition within design system modules when needed temporary extension of design capacity (virtuality) or to implement integrated concurrent product development principles. The planning experience in the field is weakly used as well. The concept of virtual manufacturing is a supporting idea to solve this problem. At the same time a number of practical problems should be solved like information conformity, data transfer, unified technological concepts acceptation etc. In the present paper the proposed ways to solve the practical problems of virtual manufacturing are described. General objective is to introduce the knowledge-based CAPP system as missing module for Virtual Manufacturing in the selected product domain. Surface-centered planning concept based on STEP- based modeling principles, and knowledge-based process planning methodology will be used to gain the objectives. As a result the planning module supplied by design data with direct access, and supporting advising environment is expected. Mould producing SME would be as test basis.

Papstel, Jyri; Saks, Alo

2000-10-01

334

Virtual Jupiter - Real Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

How many earthlings went to visit Jupiter? None. How many students visited virtual Jupiter to fulfill their introductory astronomy courses’ requirements? Within next six months over 100 students from University of Missouri will get a chance to explore the planet and its Galilean Moons using a 3D virtual environment created especially for them to learn Kepler's and Newton's laws, eclipses, parallax, and other concepts in astronomy. The virtual world of Jupiter system is a unique 3D environment that allows students to learn course material - physical laws and concepts in astronomy - while engaging them into exploration of the Jupiter's system, encouraging their imagination, curiosity, and motivation. The virtual learning environment let students to work individually or collaborate with their teammates. The 3D world is also a great opportunity for research in astronomy education to investigate impact of social interaction, gaming features, and use of manipulatives offered by a learning tool on students’ motivation and learning outcomes. Use of 3D environment is also a valuable source for exploration of how the learners’ spatial awareness can be enhanced by working in 3-dimensional environment.

Ruzhitskaya, Lanika; Speck, A.; Laffey, J.

2010-01-01

335

Virtual digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

The virtual digital library, a concept that is quickly becoming a reality, offers rapid and geography-independent access to stores of text, images, graphics, motion video and other datatypes. Furthermore, a user may move from one information source to another through hypertext linkages. The projects described here further the notion of such an information paradigm from an end user viewpoint.

Thoma, George R.

1996-03-01

336

Virtual Field Trips.  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual field trips can provide experiences beyond the reach of average K-12 students. Describes multimedia products for school use: Africa Trail, Dinosaur Hunter, Louvre Museum, Magic School Bus Explores the Rainforest, and Up to the Himalayas: Kingdoms in the Clouds and provides book and Internet connections for additional learning, highlighting…

Walter, Virginia A.

1997-01-01

337

Virtual Bead Loom  

Science.gov (United States)

This site uses the example of Native American beadwork to demonstrate mathematical concepts (specifically, Cartesian coordinates). The materials include an interactive virtual beadloom with which students can create their own beadwork design. The interdisciplinary lesson may be used in conjunction with instruction on Native American culture and traditions.

338

Virtual Compton Scattering  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Virtual Compton Scattering off the proton: {gamma}^+p --> {gamma}p is a new field of investigation of nucleon structure. Several dedicated experiments have been performed at low c.m. energy and various momentum transfers, yielding specific information on the proton. This talk reviews the concept of nucleon Generalized Polarizabilities and the present experimental status.

Helene Fonvieille

2003-05-01

339

Virtual Knee Surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

In this online activity, learners assist in performing a virtual total knee replacement surgery. There is a great deal of information about this procedure specifically as well as general surgical information, along with questions the learner must answer (using information given onscreen) before the surgery can proceed.

Edheads

2007-01-01

340

Definition of virtual levels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Examination of graphical displays of solutions to the time-dependent Schroedinger equation modeling a laser-excited three-level atom suggests that an energy level may be regarded as virtual when it is detuned from resonance by more than two Rabi frequencies

341

Virtual Seismic Atlas  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Seismic Atlas is an open access community resource to share the geological interpretation of seismic data. By browsing freely through the site you will find seismic images and interpretations. And you can down load higher resolution images for your use.

Virtual Seismic Atlas

342

Adventures in Virtual Reality  

Science.gov (United States)

In this activity, students look at the topography and cross-section of El Paso Texas and Edwards Aquifer in virtual reality, using historical data of the Edwards Aquifer that contains information on recharge, discharge and precipitation. From this data, conclusions can be made about future discharges of the aquifer.

343

Virtual Bridge Design Challenge  

Science.gov (United States)

This design/problem-solving activity challenges students to design a replacement bridge for one that has been designated as either structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. The Aycock MS Technology/STEM Magnet Program Virtual Bridge Design Challenge is an authentic introduction to the engineering design process. It is a socially relevant…

Mitts, Charles R.

2013-01-01

344

A virtual nuclear world?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The way in which virtual reality technology has so dramatically developed over the last few years has opened up the possibility of its application to various industrial processes. This article describes the possible uses of such a technique in nuclear power plants in various phases such as design, construction, operation or dismantling. (Author)

345

Literacy in Virtual Worlds  

Science.gov (United States)

Introducing new digital literacies into classroom settings is an important and challenging task, and one that is encouraged by both policy-makers and educators. This paper draws on a case study of a 3D virtual world which aimed to engage and motivate primary school children in an immersive and literacy-rich on-line experience. Planning decisions,…

Merchant, Guy

2009-01-01

346

Motion Graphs Virtual Lab  

Science.gov (United States)

The Motion Graphs virtual lab helps physics students learn the essential features of position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs. Students are provided sample graphs, and they try to move the on-screen caterpillar in order to make the caterpillar's motion match the sample graph. A printable activity guide is included.

2014-04-03

347

The Virtual Physiological Human  

OpenAIRE

The Virtual Physiological Human is synonymous with a programme in computational biomedicine that aims to develop a framework of methods and technologies to investigate the human body as a whole. It is predicated on the transformational character of information technology, brought to bear on that most crucial of human concerns, our own health and well-being.

Coveney, Peter V.; Diaz, Vanessa; Hunter, Peter; Kohl, Peter; Viceconti, Marco

2011-01-01

348

Contact lens in keratoconus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contact lenses are required for the visual improvement in patients with keratoconus. Various contact lens options, such as rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses, soft and soft toric lenses, piggy back contact lenses (PBCL), hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are availble. This article discusses about selection of a lens depending on the type of keratoconus and the fitting philosophies of various contact lenses including the starting trial lens. A Medline search was carried out for articles in the English language with the keywords keratoconus and various contact lenses such as Rose k lens, RGP lens, hybrid lens, scleral lens and PBCL. PMID:23925325

Rathi, Varsha M; Mandathara, Preeji S; Dumpati, Srikanth

2013-08-01

349

Contact lens in keratoconus  

Science.gov (United States)

Contact lenses are required for the visual improvement in patients with keratoconus. Various contact lens options, such as rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses, soft and soft toric lenses, piggy back contact lenses (PBCL), hybrid lenses and scleral lenses are availble. This article discusses about selection of a lens depending on the type of keratoconus and the fitting philosophies of various contact lenses including the starting trial lens. A Medline search was carried out for articles in the English language with the keywords keratoconus and various contact lenses such as Rose k lens, RGP lens, hybrid lens, scleral lens and PBCL. PMID:23925325

Rathi, Varsha M; Mandathara, Preeji S; Dumpati, Srikanth

2013-01-01

350

Los esquemas de certificacion de playas turisticas en America Latina: Evaluación del componente socio-cultural y el nivel participativo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las playas turísticas son recursos costeros de alta importancia ambiental y económica. Los esquemas de certificación de playas turísticas (ECP) han sido creados para proteger estos recursos, a su vez promoviendo alto nivel de calidad turística. No obstante, las playas en América Latina muchas veces [...] son la fuente principal de ingresos de las comunidades costeras, que por el derecho de uso del bien público deben ser considerados en la gestión. Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de evaluar el componente socio-cultural y el nivel de participación en los ECP Latinoamericanos en dos niveles de análisis. Primero, a través de los objetivos socio-culturales y de participación del Manejo Integrado Costero (MIC), se definieron los niveles de participación e inclusión de los aspectos sociales de los nueve ECP en América Latina. Segundo, bajo el enfoque de las políticas públicas se analizaron los tipos de participación presentes en cada ECP. En resultado, los ECP Latinoamericanos se caracterizan por un fuerte enfoque arriba-abajo (top-down). Los ECP son poco participativos, abarcando principalmente las cuestiones ambientales y de calidad turística. Las debilidades en el tema de aspectos socio-culturales y de participación son evidentes, lo que pone en cuestión la efectividad de los ECP como una herramienta para la gestión sostenible. Abstract in english Evaluation of the Socio-Cultural Component and Participation Level in Latin American Tourist Beach Certification Schemes. The tourism beaches are coastal resources of great environmental and economic importance. The beach tourism certification schemes have been created to protect those resources, at [...] the same time promoting high level of tourism quality. However, the Latin American beaches are often the principal source of income for coastal communities that for the right to use the public mean should be considered in the management. This work has an objective to evaluate the socio-cultural component and level of community participation in Latin American beach certifications through two level analyses. First, through socio-cultural and participative objectives of Integrated Coastal Management, the levels of participation and inclusion of socio-cultural aspects were defined in the nine beach certifications. Second, under the approach of public policies, the types of participation in each certification scheme were analyzed. In conclusion, the Latin American beach certification schemes are characterized by strong top-down approach. The certifications are little participative, focusing mainly on environmental and tourism quality issues. The weaknesses in the subject of socio-cultural aspects and community participation are evident, which puts in question the effectiveness of beach certifications as a tool for sustainable management.

Seweryn, Zielinski; Marlenny, Díaz Cano.

2014-01-01

351

Virtual Sensor Test Instrumentation  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Sensor Test Instrumentation is based on the concept of smart sensor technology for testing with intelligence needed to perform sell-diagnosis of health, and to participate in a hierarchy of health determination at sensor, process, and system levels. A virtual sensor test instrumentation consists of five elements: (1) a common sensor interface, (2) microprocessor, (3) wireless interface, (4) signal conditioning and ADC/DAC (analog-to-digital conversion/ digital-to-analog conversion), and (5) onboard EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) for metadata storage and executable software to create powerful, scalable, reconfigurable, and reliable embedded and distributed test instruments. In order to maximize the efficient data conversion through the smart sensor node, plug-and-play functionality is required to interface with traditional sensors to enhance their identity and capabilities for data processing and communications. Virtual sensor test instrumentation can be accessible wirelessly via a Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) or a Smart Transducer Interlace Module (STIM) that may be managed under real-time rule engines for mission-critical applications. The transducer senses the physical quantity being measured and converts it into an electrical signal. The signal is fed to an A/D converter, and is ready for use by the processor to execute functional transformation based on the sensor characteristics stored in a Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS). Virtual sensor test instrumentation is built upon an open-system architecture with standardized protocol modules/stacks to interface with industry standards and commonly used software. One major benefit for deploying the virtual sensor test instrumentation is the ability, through a plug-and-play common interface, to convert raw sensor data in either analog or digital form, to an IEEE 1451 standard-based smart sensor, which has instructions to program sensors for a wide variety of functions. The sensor data is processed in a distributed fashion across the network, providing a large pool of resources in real time to meet stringent latency requirements.

Wang, Roy

2011-01-01

352

Da educação: do jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi = Education: of the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo em questão se detém na análise da educação por meio da mensagem do filme Coach Carter - Treino para a Vida (2005, que acena com o paradoxo da democratização do ensino e converge para as fronteiras que assinalam a função da escola e o papel do educador, sublinhando o jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi que perfazem o referido processo.The article in question focuses on the analysis of education through the message of the movie Coach Carter - Training for Life (2005, which features the paradox of the democratization of education and converges to the boundaries that mark the function of the school and the role of the educator, stressing the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi that make up that process.

Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa

2011-07-01

353

A correção em língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural e as crenças de professores sobre o assunto / Correcting foreign-language students from a sociocultural perspective and from teachers' beliefs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O propósito deste artigo é discutir o feedback corretivo na aula de língua estrangeira a partir de uma perspectiva sociocultural (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Fatores afetivos são também considerados no processo corretivo. Quatro professores de línguas estrangeiras foram entrevistados para evidenciar suas [...] crenças sobre o processo de correção em sala de aula. Os professores demonstraram uma atitude positiva sobre a correção, considerando-a como um fator que pode estimular o desenvolvimento dos alunos. Abstract in english The purpose of this paper is to discuss corrective feedback in foreign language classrooms from a sociocultural perspective (VYGOTSKY, 1978, 1986). Affective factors are also considered in the discussion of the corrective process. Four foreign language teachers were interviewed on their beliefs abou [...] t corrections in the classroom. The teachers showed a positive attitude towards correction, which was seen as a factor that can stimulate learner development.

Tarsila Rubin, Battistella; Marília dos Santos, Lima.

2015-03-01

354

Survey on virtual machine security  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtualization takes a major role in cloudenvironment. It is the creation of a virtual (rather thanactual version of something, such as a hardwareplatform, operating system (OS, storage device, ornetwork resources This paper deals with various virtualmachine security mechanism in cloud environmentwhere we can access virtual hard disk, virtual servers inpay as you go manner. It also explains about kernelattack, critical problem in virtualization and how thesecurity architectures are used to solve that issue areexplained in this paper. It is the survey of various cloudvirtual machine architectures, advantages &disadvantages.

Bright Prabahar P ,Bijolin Edwin E

2012-10-01

355

The Black-White "Achievement Gap" as a Perennial Challenge of Urban Science Education: A Sociocultural and Historical Overview with Implications for Research and Practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explores how sociocultural factors involved in the manifestation and eventual disappearance of the gap for these groups may shed light on how to address the achievement gap for African American students in urban science education. (Contains 47 references.) (DDR)

Norman, Obed; Ault, Charles R., Jr.; Bentz, Bonnie; Meskimen, Lloyd

2001-01-01

356

A Review on Virtual Reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual Reality is a major asset and aspect of our future. It is the key to experiencing, feeling and touching the past, present and the future. It is the medium of creating our own world, our own customized reality. It could range from creating a video game to having a virtual stroll around the universe, from walking through our own dream house to experiencing a walk on an alien planet. With virtual reality, we can experience the most intimidating and gruelling situations by playing safe and with a learning perspective. In this review paper, we present our survey about virtual reality: the levels of virtual reality, the components used, the factors affecting the virtual environment, its origin, future and the challenges to overcome in order to obtain an impeccable virtual reality experience.

Pallavi Halarnkar

2012-11-01

357

Power and Socio?cultural Conflict in the 1920-ies in Russia (on Materials of the South of Russia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The twentieth century went down in world history as the time of the Genesis of socio-cultural picture of the global world. A special role in the formation of new paradigms technetronic society played the October revolution and post-revolution syndrome that destroyed the outlook of traditional society. In terms of public socio-cultural policy in Soviet Russia, aimed at the creation of a secular culture, but in the context of the ideology of building a Communist society implemented the formation of Soviet man impersonal state propaganda. In the article the problems of interaction between government and peasant society in the 1920-ies in the South of Russia on the basis of the facts of the collision policy of the Soviet state and traditional festive peasant culture are considered.

Susanna D. Bagdasaryan

2014-12-01

358

Sociabilidade virtual: separando o joio do trigo Virtual sociability: separating the tares from the wheat  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Desde a difusão da Internet, em meados da década de 1990, a sociabilidade virtual vem gerando muita discussão. Em contraste com os contatos entre conhecidos possibilitados pela telefonia fixa, os ambientes coletivos de interação da Internet fizeram emergir os contatos travados e mantidos exclusivamente online. Naqueles primeiros tempos, esses relacionamentos virtuais foram duramente criticados. Nos dias atuais, vemos que os relacionamentos mediados pelas novas redes de telecomunicação (Internet e telefonia celular continuam gerando reações negativas radicais. O objetivo do presente artigo é mostrar o quanto essas reações são infundadas e, deste modo, combater sua difusão. Para tanto, toma o recente trabalho de um renomado sociólogo - Zygmunt Bauman - como exemplar desse tipo de visão e a ele contrapõe inúmeros resultados de pesquisa internacionais e nacionais. Tal procedimento permite apresentar uma visão alternativa de diferentes tipos de interação e relacionamento virtuais gerados por diferentes tecnologias.Since the early days of Internet diffusion, in the mid 1990's, virtual sociability has been raising a great discussion. In contrast to the contacts between acquaintances made possible by landline telephony, Internet collective interaction environments generated the possibility of meeting people and making friends exclusively online. In those early days, these virtual relationships were strongly criticized. Nowadays, we realize that the relationships mediated by the new telecommunication networks (Internet and cellular telephony still provoke radical negative reactions. The present paper aims at restraining or at least decelerating the diffusion of such reactions. For this purpose, it takes the recent work of a renowned sociologist - Zygmunt Bauman - as an example of this kind of view and confronts it with various results from national and international research. Such procedure allows for the presentation of an alternative view of different types of virtual interaction and virtual relationships made possible by different technologies.

Ana Maria Nicolaci-da-Costa

2005-08-01

359

Theft of Virtual Property — Towards Security Requirements for Virtual Worlds  

Science.gov (United States)

The article is focused to introduce the topic of information technology security for Virtual Worlds to a security experts’ audience. Virtual Worlds are Web 2.0 applications where the users cruise through the world with their individually shaped avatars to find either amusement, challenges or the next best business deal. People do invest a lot of time but beyond they invest in buying virtual assets like fantasy witcheries, wepaons, armour, houses, clothes,...etc with the power of real world money. Although it is called “virtual” (which is often put on the same level as “not existent”) there is a real value behind it. In November 2007 dutch police arrested a seventeen years old teenager who was suspicted to have stolen virtual items in a Virtual World called Habbo Hotel [Reuters07]. In order to successfully provide security mechanisms into Virtual Worlds it is necessarry to fully understand the domain for which the security mechansims are defined. As Virtual Worlds must be clasified into the domain of Social Software the article starts with an overview of how to understand Web 2.0 and gives a short introduction to Virtual Worlds. The article then provides a consideration of assets of Virtual Worlds participants, describes how these assets can be threatened and gives an overview of appopriate security requirements and completes with an outlook of possible countermeasures.

Beyer, Anja

360

Socio-cultural contexts affecting the export of education: the case of Finnish primary schools and the United Arab Emirates  

OpenAIRE

The Finnish education system is known as one of the best performing systems in the world. This has raised a significant international interest, making the export of the Finnish know-how in education a good business opportunity. This thesis considers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as a target market for the export of Finnish primary education and analyzes the business environment particularly from socio-cultural aspects to shed more light on what to consider ahead before venturing in that area...

Hadid, Rima

2013-01-01

361

Influence of socio-cultural environment on development of childrens musical talents in 2nd trienium of primary school  

OpenAIRE

The thesis examines the impact of socio-cultural environment on the development of musical talent among pupils in the 2nd three years of primary school. Thesis begins with a closer look at the definition of giftedness, which may be general or specific (partial). Specific giftedness means that children achieve above-average results in one area only, while general gifted children achieve above-average results in multiple different areas. The characteristics of gifted pupils which distinguish th...

Antolin, Petra

2014-01-01

362

Alanine transaminase individual variation is a better marker than socio-cultural factors for body mass increase in healthy males  

OpenAIRE

Overweight and obesity are considered a major burden on public health in developed countries. Underlying etiologies are enigmatic and metabolic causes have been suggested to various extents before. We analyze links of major blood parameters to individual body mass in a young male cohort, controlling for socio-cultural factors, in order to explore an underlying metabolic cause of obesity. Anthropometric (height, weight) physiologic (blood pressure) and metabolic data (total cholesterol, alanin...

Maciej Henneberg; Ru?hli, Frank J.; Philipp Gruber; Ulrich Woitek

2011-01-01

363

Sociocultural epistasis and cultural exaptation in footbinding, marriage form, and religious practices in early 20th-century Taiwan  

OpenAIRE

Social theorists have long recognized that changes in social order have cultural consequences but have not been able to provide an individual-level mechanism of such effects. Explanations of human behavior have only just begun to explore the different evolutionary dynamics of social and cultural inheritance. Here we provide ethnographic evidence of how cultural evolution, at the level of individuals, can be influenced by social evolution. Sociocultural epistasis—association of cultural idea...

Brown, Melissa J.; Feldman, Marcus W.

2009-01-01

364

Socio-cultural perceptions and practices of dietary choices with focus on fat intake in middle aged  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT Socio-cultural perceptions and practices of dietary choices with focus on fat intake in middle aged Pakistani women in Oslo ? a qualitative study Introduction: The nutritional transition has resulted globally in dietary changes, of which high intake of fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates are some of the main characteristics. This has resulted in increase in lifestyle diseases like type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease. In Norway, a dramatic increase of type 2 Diabetes has bee...

Dawes, Twinkle

2006-01-01

365

The Ideal of Female Beauty in Two Different Cultures: Socio-Cultural Analysis of Belgian and Malaysian Print Advertisements  

OpenAIRE

This paper will examine to what extent cultural and social values are reflected by advertisements. Most advertisements stress the functional qualities of a product, but simultaneously they also convey implicit messages. Through these messages, advertisers can diffuse socio-cultural values such as the importance of beauty, femininity, virility, pleasure, youth, etc.A content analysis study of print advertisements for facial and body creams for women appearing in Belgian and Malaysian women’s...

Cort, Anne

2009-01-01

366

Maternal Child Abuse and its Association with Maternal Anxiety in the Socio-Cultural Context of Iran  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: The prevalence of parental violence has been an area of major public concern. There are few available data detailing the ways parents and other caregivers discipline children, particularly in low and middle income countries. This study focuses on the prevalence of different types of maternal child abuse and its association with maternal anxiety in the socio-cultural context of Iran.Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional study consisted of 562 mothers with the last child age...

Zahra Esmaeili Douki; Mohammad Reza Esmaeili; Nazanin Vaezzadeh; Reza Ali Mohammadpour; Hamideh Azimi; Robabeh Sabbaghi; Mousa Esmaeil; Zohreh Shahhosseini

2013-01-01

367

Socio-cultural viability of international intervention in war-torn societies : a case study of Bosnia Herzegovina  

OpenAIRE

This dissertation explores the ‘socio-cultural dilemma’ facing international peacebuilders in war-torn societies through a case study of the post-conflict process in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is done with the help of a typological approach of the grid-group Cultural Theory framework, which defines four social solidarities – or ideal type cultures – of individualism, egalitarianism, fatalism and hierarchy. A central argument in the thesis is that international intervention is cultur...

Sahovic, Dzenan

2007-01-01

368

The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws). We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam), how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared...

Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa; Clay Hutama Basera

2012-01-01

369

Socio-cultural characteristics and policies vis-à-vis seismic risk reduction throught post-quake rural reconstruction : a case study of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan  

OpenAIRE

This thesis is aimed at exploring the relation of socio-cultural characteristics and policies with post-quake reconstruction of rural areas of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. The primary concern of the study is limited to examine the traditional architectural practice ; dhajji-dewari and social composition of the community during and after reconstruction. It is analyzed that how the socio-cultural aspects of rural communities are affected by the policies, how policies are affected by the soci...

Abidi, Syeda Raaeha Tuz Zahra

2013-01-01

370

The Virtual Bookshelf  

Science.gov (United States)

Island Multimedia has created a virtual library of full-text electronic books, many of which are geared toward a young adult audience. The current selection of 18 titles includes works by American authors Willa Cather, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Mark Twain. The difference between this site and those of other electronic publishers is that here Internauts can register for their own free "virtual bookshelf." With registration comes the ability to highlight favorite passages to return to later, as well as the ability to state preferences for font and background color of the books on your personal bookshelf. Unregistered visitors can click on any "Add to Shelf" box to bring up a registration form. The site has also provided a toll-free phone number for a help line.

371

Virtual Compound Microscope  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual Microscopy is a very handy online tool to learn how to use a microscope. The creator developed this tool in response to student frustration in learning how to use microscopes. The virtual scope has all the same controls found on the real unit and the user can learn the parts of the microscope as well as how to adjust the different objectives, course and fine focus, and make light adjustments with the iris diaphragm. Of particular interest is the fact that the simulation shows actual microscope specimens, like onion root tip, so students can see what mitotic figures look like under the microscope without having to be expert users. Of course, a simulation does not take the place of using the actual microscope but can certainly shorten the time that it takes to learn how to use one, and lessen the amount of frustration for both student and teacher.

Ketcham, Robert

372

Virtual images and billiards  

CERN Document Server

Students in introductory physics courses struggle to understand virtual image formation by a plane mirror and the proper construction of ray diagrams. This difficulty, if not sufficiently addressed, results in further problems throughout the study of geometric optics. Specifically, students fail to apply proper graphical representation of light rays during investigations of the formation of real images by converging lenses and concave mirrors. We present a guided-inquiry activity based on the research-verified Physics by Inquiry text that incorporates a small and inexpensive billiards table, with billiard balls acting as "light". In this way, we approach the abstract concept of virtual images by relation to the concrete concept of physical reflection.

Moore, J Christopher; Thompson, Cody V

2011-01-01

373

Virtual university governance.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a need to establish collaboration alliances or partnerships if we are to provide global Health Informatics educatics education. Agreements need to make provision for the existing diversity between country educational systems as well as variations in funding, legislation and political systems and a number of other issues including intellectual property and copyright. Four virtual University governance models were identified, 1) evolution of existing universities, 2) newly created organisations collectively delivering one type of program eg MBA, 3) a consortium of partners using a common portal and 4) a commercial enterprise. Collectively IMIA academic members need to be in a good position to respond to the global changes in higher education and minimise the risk of failure when establishing a virtual University to collectively deliver Health Informatics education. Others have undertaken a similar path in the past, some successful others not so, we need to learn from these experiences. PMID:15718668

Hovenga, Evelyn J S

2004-01-01

374

Virtual Yeast Cell  

Science.gov (United States)

Learning about the various parts of a cell can be tricky business, but this virtual yeast cell offered by The University of Nottingham will come in handy for biology students and science instructors. This learning resource was created to help students in the brewing science program learn about yeast cytology, though just about anyone with an interest in cells will learn something from visiting the site. After entering the interactive cell, visitors can click on different parts of the cell (such as the cytoplasm or the nucleus) in order to learn more about the importance of each one. Visitors should remember that they can also download the virtual yeast cell and use it in the classroom or just with a group of friends.

375

Applied virtual reality  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An early experience in deploying a manipulator to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell at Torness Power Station, quickly highlighted that special visualisation techniques were required to achieve a successful deployment and reduce plant system down time. This visualisation was later realised through the IGRIP software pakcage operating on a Silicon Graphics computing engine, which provides a 'Non-Immersive' Virtual Reality environment. Within this environment, models of the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling cell were generated along with a model of the manipulator, allowing manipulator deployment to the Irradiated Fuel Dismantling Cell be modelled. It is estimated that the first use of this new environment provided a significant saving to Scottish Nuclear in potential lost output. The use of this virtual reality environment is currently being extended into the design and deployment of a new manipulator for Torness in vessel inspection, the Boiler Inspection Manipulator. (author)

376

Breaking the circle: challenging Western sociocultural norms for appearance influences young women's attention to appearance-related media.  

Science.gov (United States)

Paying attention to thin media models may negatively affect women's self-evaluation. This study aimed to reduce the amount of attention that young women give to appearance-related information by challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance, and studied the moderating role of self-esteem. Seventy-one college women either received norm-confirming, norm-challenging, or no information regarding the sociocultural norms for appearance. Subsequently, participants' visual attention to appearance-related and neutral advertisements was measured using an eye-tracker. The results demonstrate that when no information or norm-confirming information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid more attention to the appearance-related advertisements than women with higher self-esteem. Importantly however, when norm-challenging information was received, women with lower self-esteem paid significantly less attention to the appearance-related ads than women with lower self-esteem who did not receive this manipulation. These findings indicate that challenging the sociocultural norms for appearance can attenuate the amount of attention women give to appearance-related media. PMID:23523085

Mischner, Isabelle H S; van Schie, Hein T; Engels, Rutger C M E

2013-06-01

377

Hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; qualitative assessment of socio-cultural determinants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B is an important health problem in the Turkish community in the Netherlands. Increased voluntary screening is necessary in this community, to detect individuals eligible for treatment and to prevent further transmission of the disease. Methods We investigated socio-cultural determinants associated with hepatitis B screening in male and female, first and second generation Turkish migrants, by means of Focus Group Discussions. Results Socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening were identified; these were social norm, social support, sensitivity regarding sexuality, reputation, responsiveness to authority, religious responsibility, cleanliness and religious doctrine regarding health and disease, and the perceived efficacy of Dutch health care services. Motivating factors were the (religious responsibility for one's health, the perceived obligation when being invited for screening, and social support to get tested for hepatitis B. Perceived barriers were the association of hepatitis B screening with STDs or sexual activity, the perception of low control over one's health, and the perceived low efficacy of the Dutch health care services. Reputation could act as either a motivator or barrier. Conclusion This study identified relevant socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening, which may serve to customize interventions aimed at the promotion of voluntary hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in the Netherlands.

Voeten Hélène ACM

2009-09-01

378

[Odds ratio between sociocultural factors, body dissatisfaction, and body mass index in university students of Hidalgo, Mexico].  

Science.gov (United States)

After to identify risky factors involved in the prediction and prevention of eating disorders (ED), in a sample of university males and females students from an urban setting in Hidalgo. Mexico; the main purpose of this paper was to reaffirm the following assumptions: 1) Dissatisfaction with body shape is closely related to both, the influence of sociocultural factors as Body Mass Index (BMI); 2) The participating women reported more dissatisfaction with body shape, indicating greater influence of sociocultural factors than men.Transversal, descriptive and association field research was carried out in a sample of 490 students (57% females. 43% males), from 16 to 30 years old (X(-) = 19.63, SD = +/- 2.11). Multidimensional self-reported questionnaire were applied. BMI was obtained by measuring each subject's weight and height. Regarding the impact association measures obtained by Odds Ratio, there were significant association (p advertising, and influence of verbal messages), and between BMI and these latter, where men showed a higher risk. Findings suggest that body dissatisfaction in women, and BMI, specifically overweight in men, act like key agents of the impact of sociocultural factors in the researched sample. PMID:22097286

Zaragoza Cortes, Jessica; Saucedo-Molina, Teresita de Jesús; Fernández Cortés, Trinidad Lorena

2011-03-01

379

The Influence of Socio-cultural Variables on Consumers’ Perception of Halal Food Products: A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of socio-cultural variables on consumers’ perception onhalal food products (food prepared according to Islamic dietary laws. We assume that a number of socio-culturalfactors affect consumers’ purchase of food products especially education, religion, occupation and socialstratification. As the Halal principles are taken from the Syariah law (Law of Islam, how do consumers inMasvingo, Zimbabwe view the food products that are prepared under Islamic dietary laws? This study wasrekindled by the contention that Zimbabwe is largely a Christian country and may prefer to be guided byChristian values founded on Biblical laws. We had four hypotheses which were tested using Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The results revealed that indeed socio-cultural factors have little or no influence on anindividual consumer’s perception on consumption of halal certified food products. However, it was found outthat the Islamic consumers and other religious groups other than protestant, catholic, baptist and apostolic arehighly sensitive to their socio-cultural orientations.

Munyaradzi Mutsikiwa

2012-10-01

380

An Idiographic and Nomothetic Approach to the Study of Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' Socio-cultural Stressors and Adjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the longitudinal relations of socio-cultural stressors (i.e., acculturative stressors, enculturative stressors, ethnic discrimination) and Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' depressive symptoms and risk-taking behaviors. Utilizing an idiographic and nomothetic approach, we conducted lagged analyses to examine how individuals' fluctuations in stressors predicted subsequent adjustment. Further, we investigated potential threshold effects by examining if the impact of fluctuations in stressors differed at varying levels of stressors. Mexican-origin adolescent females (N?=?184) participated in yearly in-home assessments across 5 years and reported on their experiences of acculturative and enculturative stressors, ethnic discrimination, depressive symptoms, and risk-taking behaviors. Findings revealed that within-person fluctuations in acculturative stressors and, to a lesser extent, perceived discrimination related to youths' depressive symptoms. For risk-taking behaviors, however, only within-person fluctuations in enculturative stressors emerged as significant. Further, a threshold effect emerged in the link between enculturative stressors and risk-taking behaviors, suggesting that fluctuations in enculturative stressors predicted changes in risk-taking behaviors at high levels of enculturative stressors but not low levels. Our findings highlight the differential relations between socio-cultural stressors and adolescent females' adjustment and suggest that prevention programs aimed at reducing depressive symptoms should attend to any degree of change in socio-cultural stressors, whereas programs focused on risk-taking behaviors should be especially attuned to levels of enculturative stress. PMID:25099084

Zeiders, Katharine H; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Jahromi, Laudan B

2015-04-01

381

Contact freezing: a review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This manuscript compiles both theoretical and experimental information on contact freezing with the aim to better understand this potentially important but still not well quantified heterogeneous freezing mode. There is no complete theory that describes contact freezing and how the energy barrier has to be overcome to nucleate an ice crystal by contact freezing. Experiments on contact freezing indicate that it can initiate ice formation at the highest temperatures. A difference in the freezing temperatures between contact and immersion freezing has been found using different instrumentation and different ice nuclei. There is a lack of data on collision rates in most of the reported data, which inhibits a quantitative calculation of the freezing efficiencies. Thus, new or modified instrumentation to study this heterogeneous freezing mode in the laboratory and in the field are needed. Important questions concerning contact freezing and its potential role for ice cloud formation and climate are also summarized.

L. A. Ladino

2013-03-01

382

Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: the role of sociocultural factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

With interest in body image and body change behaviors growing around the world, there has been surprisingly little research conducted in Latin America on these issues. In order to gain some understanding of them in this context, this study investigated body image and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural factors that may influence them, among 337 Chilean adolescents aged 12-18 years. Participants completed a questionnaire that assessed BMI, body dissatisfaction, strategies to lose weight and strategies to increase muscle bulk. In addition, perceived pressure from family, peers, and the media to change body shape was evaluated. Results were partially consistent with those reported in Western nations. Girls were found to report greater body dissatisfaction than boys, but no difference was found between males and females in perceived pressure from adults in the family or from older siblings/cousins to lose weight. However, girls experienced higher levels of perceived pressure to lose weight from the media than boys, and boys reported greater perceived pressure from peers to lose weight than girls, and more pressure than girls from all sources to increase muscle bulk. These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally. PMID:18463011

Mellor, David; McCabe, Marita; Ricciardelli, Lina; Merino, Maria Eugenia

2008-06-01

383

From dialogue to trialogue: A sociocultural learning perspective on classroom interaction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Dialogues in multireligious public schools do not run smoothly by simply gathering a plural group of learners in the same classroom. Classroom studies show that many conversations go on in circles around provocative statements from a few students creating a debate to make the lesson pass quickly to [...] avoid the teacher from teaching. The discussion in this article will be based in a sociocultural perspective on learning and addressing the teacher's responsibility to facilitate the dialogue whether the degree of diversity she faces in Religious Education (RE) is high or low. Her task is to achieve a development of the dialogue from a repetitive exercise towards a learning experience. Dialogue is usually understood as an encounter between two persons exchanging views, in an oral dia-logue. The trialogue is defined by an intentional extension of the dialogue by introducing a mediating tool between the two persons, a third 'voice'. The third voice might be a material artefact or a practical task. The mediating tool is a cultural entrenched tool which makes the dialogue more informed and creates a common ground for negotiation. The teacher is the one that sets up the rules for the dialogue in the classroom, creates a safe space, and chooses what educational material to give attention. There is a need to discuss some age specific strategies on how to facilitate this informed dialogue or trialogue during compulsory education in the ages of 6-15.

Heid, Leganger-Krogstad.

2014-01-01

384

Psychometric evaluation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 among Brazilian young adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective was evaluating the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among Brazilian young adults of both genders. The sample was composed by 506 undergraduate students (295 females and 211 males), aged between 17 and 29 years old. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used for construct validity (N = 506). Correlations between the SATAQ-3 scores and those of the Tripartite Influence Scale (TIS) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used for convergent validity. Reliability was assessed through internal consistency (?) and reproducibility (test-retest) through comparison of the means obtained at two different time points and through intra-class correlation. The scale presented a factor structure composed of five factors, replicated in the confirmatory factor analysis with satisfactory values for the measurements of adjustment to the model. Correlations with the BSQ and TIS scores were rho = .52 and rho = -.35, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were satisfactory, and their stability was demonstrated. Brazilian SATAQ-3 had good validity and reproducibility, being indicated for use in samples of Brazilian youths. PMID:24230957

Amaral, Ana C S; Ribeiro, Mário S; Conti, Maria A; Ferreira, Clécio S; Ferreira, Maria E C

2013-01-01

385

A socio-cultural approach to learning in the practice setting.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Practice learning is an essential part of the curriculum and accounts for approximately 60% of the current pre-registration nursing programmes in the Republic of Ireland. The nature and quality of the clinical learning environment and the student nurses\\' experience of their practice placements is recognised as being influential in promoting the integration of theory and practice. However, the problem experienced by many learners is how to relate their theoretical knowledge to the situation-at-hand within the practice setting. Socio-cultural or activity theories of learning seek to explain the social nature of learning and propose that knowledge and learning are considered to be contextually situated. Lave and Wenger (1991) argue that learning is integrated with practice and through engagement with a community of practice, by means of sponsorship; students become increasingly competent in their identity as practitioners. This paper examines the changes which have occurred within the pre-registration nursing curriculum in the Republic of Ireland with the transition from the apprenticeship system to the graduate programme, and the resulting reduction in clinical learning hours. It also examines the potential impact on the development of student learning with the implementation of the concepts proposed by Lave and Wenger to learning in the practice setting.

White, Ciara

2010-11-01

386

Handling power-asymmetry in interactions with infants : A comparative socio-cultural perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Interaction between adults and infants by nature constitutes a strong powerasymmetry relationship. Based on the assumption that communicative practices with infants are inseparably intertwined with broader cultural ideologies of good child care, this paper will contrast how parents in two distinct socio-cultural communities deal with power asymmetry in interactions with 3-months old infants. The study consists of a microanalysis of videotaped free play mother-infant interactions from 20 middle class families in Muenster, Germany and 20 traditional farming Nso families in Kikaikelaki, Cameroon. Analysis followed a discursive psychology approach. The focus of analysis is on how mothers handle and negotiate power-distance in these interactions and what discursive strategies they draw on. Mothers in both groups used various forms of directives and control strategies. The Muenster mothers, however, mainly used mitigated directives that can be seen as strategies to reduce the competence gap between mother and child, while the Nso mothers mainly used upgraded directives to stress the hierarchical discrepancy between mother and child. The different strategies are discussed in light of the prevailing broader cultural ideologies and the normative orientations that they reflect. Finally, the findings are discussed with regard to possible developmental consequences of these distinct cultural practices for the child. Keywords: power-asymmetry; mother-infant interaction; discursive psychology; culture; Nso farmers; Muenster middle class families

Demuth, Carolin

2013-01-01

387

Socio-Cultural Aspects of Chagas Disease: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Globally, more than 10 million people are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes about 20 000 annual deaths. Although Chagas disease is endemic to certain regions of Latin America, migratory flows have enabled its expansion into areas where it was previously unknown. Economic, social and cultural factors play a significant role in its presence and perpetuation. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of qualitative research on Chagas disease, both in endemic and non-endemic countries. Methodology/Principal Findings Searches were carried out in ten databases, and the bibliographies of retrieved studies were examined. Data from thirty-three identified studies were extracted, and findings were analyzed and synthesized along key themes. Themes identified for endemic countries included: socio-structural determinants of Chagas disease; health practices; biomedical conceptions of Chagas disease; patient's experience; and institutional strategies adopted. Concerning non-endemic countries, identified issues related to access to health services and health seeking. Conclusions The emergence and perpetuation of Chagas disease depends largely on socio-cultural aspects influencing health. As most interventions do not address the clinical, environmental, social and cultural aspects jointly, an explicitly multidimensional approach, incorporating the experiences of those affected is a potential tool for the development of long-term successful programs. Further research is needed to evaluate this approach. PMID:24069473

Ventura-Garcia, Laia; Roura, Maria; Pell, Christopher; Posada, Elisabeth; Gascón, Joaquim; Aldasoro, Edelweis; Muñoz, Jose; Pool, Robert

2013-01-01

388

Postnatal depression among mothers in the United Arab Emirates: socio-cultural and physical factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Postnatal depression (PND) has been found to affect women in cultures around the world. This study sought to further identify the prevalence and related socio-cultural and physical factors in Arab women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study involved a sample of Emirati women recruited in a government maternity hospital in Abu Dhabi who completed demographic questionnaires soon after giving birth (n=125) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 3 months (n=86) and 6 months postpartum (n=56). Data are presented in three categories of: No Depression (scores of 0-9), Borderline Depression (scores of 10-12) and Depression (scores of 13+). It was found that at 3 months, this sample had 22% of mothers falling into the Depression category and another 22% falling in the Borderline Depression category. At 6 months, this fell to 12.5% Depression category and 19.6% Borderline Depression category. Relationships between higher depression scores and risk factors included; not breastfeeding, giving birth to the first child, poor self body image and view of weight, poor relationship with mother-in-law, and an older age at marriage. Results are discussed in relation to UAE and Islamic culture. PMID:17129919

Green, Katherine; Broome, Hazel; Mirabella, James

2006-11-01

389

Sociocultural aspects of schistosomiasis mansoni in an endemic area in Minas Gerais, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A study to determine the sociocultural factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of individuals from a small community toward Schistosoma mansoni infection was carried out in an endemic area in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The study used qualitative approaches to collect data from school-aged children and teachers. Specific findings were that the individuals interviewed were aware of the disease, but also held inaccurate popular beliefs about transmission. Misconceptions coexisted with accurate knowledge both in children and teachers. The disease was not seen as a major health problem and did not affect their activities since it did not cause severe symptoms in most of the individuals. Although the majority of the participants related transmission to water and lack of sanitation, they did not take any preventive measures since their subsistence is highly dependent on irrigation, farming, fishing, and other essential work that is directly related to water activities. The authors discuss the development of a health education program based on the knowledge and perception of individuals about the disease and its determinants as being important for the context and behavioral change.

Gazzinelli Andréa

1998-01-01

390

Contact urticaria and its mechanisms.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews the syndrome of contact urticaria in terms of current knowledge regarding pathophysiological mechanisms. The three mechanistic categories into which contact urticants are grouped include: (1) immunological contact urticaria, (2) non-immunological contact urticaria and (3) uncertain-mechanism-mediated contact urticaria. Within this schema, the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and therapy of contact urticaria are presented. PMID:8132170

Harvell, J; Bason, M; Maibach, H

1994-02-01

391

Medical Virtual Public Services  

OpenAIRE

The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. R...

Surugiu, Iulia; Velicanu, Manole

2008-01-01

392

The Virtual Microscope.  

OpenAIRE

We present the design of the Virtual Microscope, a software system employing a client/server architecture to provide a realistic emulation of a high power light microscope. We discuss several technical challenges related to providing the performance necessary to achieve rapid response time, mainly in dealing with the enormous amounts of data (tens to hundreds of gigabytes per slide) that must be retrieved from secondary storage and processed. To effectively implement the data server, the syst...

Ferreira, R.; Moon, B.; Humphries, J.; Sussman, A.; Saltz, J.; Miller, R.; Demarzo, A.

1997-01-01

393

The Virtual Body  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Body from MEDtropolis.com is an interactive overview of some of the basic structure and function of the human body. The site, available in both English and Spanish, is a mix of information and activities focused on four areas -- the brain, skeleton, heart, and digestive tract. The site's extensive array of diagrams and images, as well as its interactive nature, enhance the site's appeal and educational potential.

1999-01-01

394

Virtual private network (VPN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A virtual private network (VPN) is the essential security feature that allows remote monitoring systems to take advantage of the low communications cost of the internet. This paper introduces the VPN concept and summarizes the networking and security principles. The mechanics of security, for example, types of encryption and protocols for exchange of keys between partners, are explained. Important issues for partners in different countries include the interoperability and mutual accreditations of systems. (author)

395

The virtual oil company  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ''clutter,'' these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth

396

Virtual Organizations in Arigatoni  

OpenAIRE

Arigatoni is a lightweight communication model that deploys the Global Computing Paradigm over the Internet. Communications over the behavioral units of the model are performed by a simple Global Internet Protocol (GIP) on top of TCP or UDP protocol. Basic Global Computers Units (GCU) can communicate by first registering to a brokering service and then by mutually asking and offering services. Colonies and Communities are the main entities in the model. A Colony is a simple virtual organizati...

Cosnard, Michel; Liquori, Luigi; Chand, Raphael

2006-01-01

397

Intelligent skin: Real virtual  

OpenAIRE

What will it feel like to live in a city, where houses court each other in springtime? The 'intelligent-skin' project investigates the potential of media-façades in terms of corporate communication: what does it mean to build houses out of bricks of mediality? What does it imply to say that communication literally takes place? The virtualization of housing through large sized media skins will introduce medial milieus into our urban spheres to come – they might seize to function as add-...

Bu?hlmann, Vera

2006-01-01

398

Virtual nuclear weapons  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.

Pilat, J.F.

1997-08-01

399

Virtual Classroom System  

OpenAIRE

This paper entitled Virtual Classroom System is mainly for all educational colleges such as engineering colleges, medical colleges, pharmacy colleges and others where there is connection between faculty, student and courses. In colleges, sometimes there may be loose connection between faculty, student and courses for some students due to some reason such as missing lectures, doing part time job along with study, distance learning courses; for that, this project help them in an efficient way. ...

Rajnish Kumar, Swati Shahi

2013-01-01

400

Virtual blood bank  

OpenAIRE

Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood co...

Wong, Kit Fai

2011-01-01

401

Virtual images and billiards  

OpenAIRE

Students in introductory physics courses struggle to understand virtual image formation by a plane mirror and the proper construction of ray diagrams. This difficulty, if not sufficiently addressed, results in further problems throughout the study of geometric optics. Specifically, students fail to apply proper graphical representation of light rays during investigations of the formation of real images by converging lenses and concave mirrors. We present a guided-inquiry act...

Moore, J. Christopher; Floyd, Richard D.; Thompson, Cody V.

2011-01-01

402

Adapting Virtual Camera Behaviour  

OpenAIRE

In a three-dimensional virtual environment aspects such as narrative and interaction completely depend on the camera since the camera defines the player’s point of view. Most research works in automatic camera control aim to take the control of this aspect from the player to automatically gen- erate cinematographic game experiences reducing, however, the player’s feeling of agency. We propose a methodology to integrate the player in the camera control loop that allows to design and genera...

Burelli, Paolo

2013-01-01

403

The RDF Virtual Machine  

OpenAIRE

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a semantic network data model that is used to create machine-understandable descriptions of the world and is the basis of the Semantic Web. This article discusses the application of RDF to the representation of computer software and virtual computing machines. The Semantic Web is posited as not only a web of data, but also as a web of programs and processes.

Rodriguez, Marko A.

2008-01-01

404

Virtual Meteorological Center  

OpenAIRE

A virtual meteorological center, computer based with Internet possibility transmission of the information is presented. Circumstance data is collected with logging field meteorological station. The station collects and automatically save data about the temperature in the air, relative humidity, pressure, wind speed and wind direction, rain gauge, solar radiation and air quality. Also can perform sensors test, analyze historical data and evaluate statistical information. The novelty of the sys...

Marius Brinzila; Pereira, M. D.; Al. Trandabat; Schreiner, C.

2007-01-01

405

The Virtual Monte Carlo  

OpenAIRE

The concept of Virtual Monte Carlo (VMC) has been developed by the ALICE Software Project to allow different Monte Carlo simulation programs to run without changing the user code, such as the geometry definition, the detector response simulation or input and output formats. Recently, the VMC classes have been integrated into the ROOT framework, and the other relevant packages have been separated from the AliRoot framework and can be used individually by any other HEP project...

Hrivnacova, I.; Adamova, D.; Berejnoi, V.; Brun, R.; Carminati, F.; Fasso, A.; Futo, E.; Gheata, A.; Caballero, I. Gonzalez; Morsch, A.; Collaboration, For The Alice

2003-01-01

406

Virtual Machine Introspection  

OpenAIRE

Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. A very serious issue in cloud computing is security which is a major obstacle for the adoption of cloud. The most important threats of cloud computing are Multitenancy, Availability, Loss of control, Loss of Data, outside attacks, DOS attacks, malicious insiders, etc. Among many security issues in cloud, the Virtual Machine Security is one of the very serious issues. Th...

Rachana, S. C.; Guruprasad, Dr H. S.

2014-01-01

407

Occupational Contact Dermatitis  

OpenAIRE

Occupational contact dermatitis accounts for 90% of all cases of work-related cutaneous disorders. It can be divided into irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs in 80% of cases, and allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, both types will present as eczematous lesions on exposed parts of the body, notably the hands. Accurate diagnosis relies on meticulous history taking, thorough physical examination, careful reading of Material Safety Data Sheets to distinguish between irritants and a...

Sasseville Denis

2008-01-01

408

Medical Virtual Public Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. Requirements and specific rules of these medical services are considered, and personalization of user preferences will to be supported. The architecture is based on adaptable process management technologies, allowing for virtual services which are dynamically combined from existing national medical services. In this way, a comprehensive workflow process is set up, allowing for service-level agreements, an audit trail and explanation of the process to the end user. The process engine operates on top of a virtual repository, providing a high-level semantic view of information retrieved from heterogeneous information sources, such as national sources of medical services. The system relies on a security framework to ensure all high-level security requirements are met. System’s architecture is business oriented: it focuses on Service Oriented Architecture - SOA concepts, asynchronously combining Web services, Business Process Management – BPM rules and BPEL standards.

Iulia SURUGIU

2008-01-01

409

Organizações virtuais Virtual organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortemente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração.The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for communication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.

Luciano Augusto Toledo

2006-06-01

410

Organizações virtuais / Virtual organizations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A vantagem competitiva das organizações passa cada vez mais pelo desenvolvimento de novas estruturas organizacionais, notadamente pelo estabelecimento de redes de cooperação com todas as entidades intervenientes na cadeia de fornecimento e novas metodologias de gestão e planejamento, apoiadas fortem [...] ente por tecnologias de informação e de comunicação. Este trabalho tem como principal finalidade apresentar o conceito de organização virtual. O trabalho apresenta-se sob a forma de ensaio e é complementado por um estudo do arcabouço teórico que tece as bases do surgimento das organizações virtuais e discute suas implicações para a Administração. Abstract in english The competitive advantage of the organizations more passes each time for the development of new organizational struc-tures, by the establishment of nets of cooperation with all the intervening entities in the chain of supply and new methodolo-gies of management and planning, supported strong for com [...] munication and information technologies. This essay aims to present the concept of virtual organization. The essay is complemented by a study of the bibliography that explain of the sprouting of the virtual organizations and argues its implications for the Administration.

Luciano Augusto, Toledo; Carlos Augusto, Loures.

2006-06-01

411

Gallery of Virtual Topography  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gallery of Virtual Topography features virtual depictions of topography, including 3D perspectives and QuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) movies, created from Digital Elevation Models (DEM's). The site showcases QTVR object movies where the user can spin a 3D terrain to view it from different perspectives. It also includes static 3D-perspective images (JPEG files) of the 3D terrains for those users with slower Internet connections. Some movies and images depict only the form of the landscape, but in others topographic contours are draped over the landscape to better illustrate how contours portray different types of topography (cliffs versus badlands, for example). Some animations illustrate the significance of contours, by allowing the user to progressively fill the landscape up with water to see the water interact with different topographic features. The site also contains a topographic contour map for each 3D terrain, so that instructors can develop student exercises, such as locating points on a map and constructing topographic profiles. Some QTVR movies contain numbered topographic features just for this purpose.

Stephen Reynolds

412

Tele Hyper Virtuality  

Science.gov (United States)

In the future, remote images sent over communication lines will be reproduced in virtual reality (VR). This form of virtual telecommunications, which will allow observers to engage in an activity as though it were real, is the focus of considerable attention. Taken a step further, real and unreal objects will be placed in a single space to create an extremely realistic environment. Here, imaginary and other life forms as well as people and animals in remote locations will gather via telecommunication lines that create a common environment where life forms can work and interact together. Words, gestures, diagrams and other forms of communication will be used freely in performing work. Actual construction of a system based on this new concept will not only provide people with experiences that would have been impossible in the past, but will also inspire new applications in which people will function in environments where it would have been difficult if not impossible for them to function until now. This paper describes Tele Hyper Virtuality concept, its definition, applications, the key technologies to accomplish it and future prospects.

Terashima, Nobuyoshi

1994-01-01

413

Healthy Contact Lens Wear and Care  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Solution Types Contact Lens Types Contact Lens Care Systems & Solutions Decorative Contact Lenses Children & Contact Lenses Information for Specific Groups Contact Lens Wearers Parents Eye ...

414

Enfoques de aprendizajes y variables de orden sociocultural en estudiantes de una institución de educación superior en Colombia / Learning approaches and sociocultural variables in students of a college in Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Desde los años setenta el concepto de aprendizaje ha tenido una evolución hasta consolidarse en la actualidad en dos grandes categorías: superficial y profundo. A su vez, el enfoque de aprendizaje incluye dos componentes: motivación y estrategia. Éstos se modifican por el contexto donde se efectúa e [...] l proceso de aprendizaje, el que juega un papel importante en la intención o motivación que tenga el estudiante. Es por esto que conocer el impacto de algunas variables de orden sociocultural sobre los enfoques de aprendizaje se constituye en el eje central de este estudio. Objetivo: determinar la relación existente entre los enfoques de aprendizaje y las variables de orden sociocultural como: género, el tipo de colegio y cabeza de hogar. Material y métodos: cuantitativo no experimental; específicamente es un diseño de corte descriptivo. Luego de conocer la naturaleza y propósitos del estudio, en la muestra participaron de forma voluntaria 112 estudiantes de los programas de medicina, enfermería y educación física matriculados en el primer semestre académico en el periodo A 2013. La recolección de la información se realizó mediante la aplicación de dos instrumentos: una encuesta para identificación de aspectos de orden sociocultural, elaborada por el grupo investigador y el instrumento propuesto por Biggs RSPQ-2F para la identificación de los enfoques de aprendizajes. Resultados y conclusiones: en cuanto a los enfoques de aprendizaje, discriminados por tipo de carrera, en medicina y educación física, predomina el enfoque estratégico, mientras que en el programa de enfermería se acogen a un enfoque profundo. Los resultados de congruencias entre las escalas y subescalas de los enfoques, motivaciones y estrategias de aprendizaje que fueron utilizadas en este estudio son similares a los encontrados en otras partes del mundo. No hay relación entre los enfoques de aprendizaje y las tres variables socioculturales. Tiene gran importancia replicar estos estudios en otros entornos educativos en Colombia y analizar qué sucede en universidades públicas y privadas. Abstract in english Since the seventies the concept of learning has evolved to be now consolidated into two broad categories: superficial and deep. In turn, the learning approach includes two components: motivation and strategy. These are modified by the context in which the learning process is performed, which plays a [...] n important role in the intention or motivation that the student may have. For this reason, the knowledge of the impact of some sociocultural variables on learning approaches becomes the focus of this study. Objective: to determine the relationship between learning approaches and sociocultural variables such as gender, type of school and head of the family. Materials and methods: quantitative non-experimental; specifically is a sectional descriptive design. After knowing the nature and purposes of the study, in the sample participated 112 volunteer students of the programs in Medicine, Nursing and Physical Education enrolled in the first semester in the 2013 period. The data collection was performed by application of two instruments: a survey to identify socio-cultural aspects, developed by the research group and the instrument proposed by Biggs RSPQ-2F for the identification of learning approaches. Results and Conclusions: for the identification of learning approaches, discriminated by type of career, in Medicine and Physical Education the strategic approach predominates, while in the nursing program they admit a deep approach. The results of congruence between the scales and subscales of the approaches, motivations and learning strategies that were used in this study are similar to those found in other parts of the world. There is no relationship between learning approaches and the three sociocultural variables. It is of great importance to replicate these studies in other educational environments in Colombia and analyze what happens in public and private universities.

Gustavo, Montealegre Lynett; Martha Lucía, Núñez Rodríguez; Dagoberto, Salgado Horta.

2014-10-01

415

Allergic Contact Dermatitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Allergic contact dermatitis is the delayed type hypersensitivity reaction to exogenous agents. Allergic contact dermatitis may clinically present acutely after allergen exposure and initial sensitization in a previously sensitized individual. Acute phase is characterized by erythematous, scaly plaques. In severe cases vesiculation and bullae in exposed areas are very characteristic. Repeated or continuous exposure of sensitized individual with allergen result in chronic dermatitis. Lichenification, erythematous plaques, hyperkeratosis and fissuring may develop in chronic patients. Allergic contact dermatitis is very common dermatologic problem in dermatology daily practice. A diagnosis of contact dermatitis requires the careful consideration of patient history, physical examination and patch testing. The knowledge of the clinical features of the skin reactions to various contactans is important to make a correct diagnosis of contact dermatitis. It can be seen in every age, in children textile product, accessories and touch products are common allergens, while in adults allergic contact dermatitis may be related with topical medicaments. The contact pattern of contact dermatitis depends on fashion and local traditions as well. The localization of allergic reaction should be evaluated and patients’ occupation and hobbies should be asked. The purpose of this review is to introduce to our collaques up dated allergic contact dermatitis literatures both in Turkey and in the World.

Meltem Önder

2009-03-01

416

Optical contact micrometer  

Science.gov (United States)

Certain examples provide optical contact micrometers and methods of use. An example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable lenses to receive an object and immobilize the object in a position. The example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable mirrors positioned with respect to the pair of lenses to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses. The example optical contact micrometer includes a microscope to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses via the mirrors; and an interferometer to obtain one or more measurements of the object.

Jacobson, Steven D.

2014-08-19

417

Developing a Virtual Book – Material for Virtual Learning Environments  

OpenAIRE

This article describes the process of, and considerations taken when Virtual Learning Materials were developed for an international study in Comparative Social Work arranged by the VIRCLASS project. The steps taken and the elements included in the Virtual Book – A Guide to Social Work in Europe are presented in details to inform others who are planning to make virtual learning materials. Students from 11 countries in Europe participated, and their reception of this material and learning out...

Morten Fahlvik; Anne Karin Larsen; Grete Oline Hole

2007-01-01

418

A Virtual Standoff – Using Q Methodology to Analyze Virtual Reference  

OpenAIRE

Objective ? To develop an exploratory understanding of reference librarians’ perceptions of virtual reference.Methods ? Q methodology was used to uncover points of view about virtual reference. Thirty?four librarians sorted 28 statements covering a wide range of opinions about virtual reference. Factor analysis was used to analyze the Q?sorts and factor scores were calculated to aid the task of understanding and interpretation.Results ? The factor analysis revealed three attitudin...

Susan Hurst; Aaron Shrimplin

2007-01-01

419

The ethnography of virtual reality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses possible application of ethnographic research in the realm of virtual reality, especially in the relationship between cultures in virtual communities. This represents an entirely new area of ethnographic research and therefore many adjustments in the research design are needed for example, a development of a specific method of data gathering and tools for their verification. A virtual, cyber space is a version of social space more or less synchronous with it, but without the, "real", that is, physical presence of the people who create it. This virtual reality, defined and bounded by virtual space, is in fact real - and though we are not able to observe real, physical parameters of its existence, we can perceive its consequences. In sum, an innovative ethnographic research method is fully applicable for exploring the realm of virtual reality; in order to do so we need to expand, in addition to the new research design and methods, the field of science itself.

Gavrilovi? Ljiljana 1

2004-01-01

420

Virtual Reality and Special Needs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of virtual environments for special needs is as diverse as the field of Special Educationitself and the individuals it serves. Individuals with special needs often face challenges withattention, language, spatial abilities, memory, higher reasoning and knowledge acquisition.Research in the use of Virtual Learning Environments (VLE targets both cognition and behavior(Rizzo, et.al, 2001. Virtual environments encourage interactive learning and provide avariety of opportunities for the learner to have control over the learning process (Pantelidis,1993. Virtual reality technology is an exciting tool that involves a safe and supportive environmentto transfer knowledge between virtual and real worlds. Through such technology,individuals with special needs can look carefully at their own strengths, abilities, and learningpreferences in comparison to the required learning task and expected learning outcome. Thisarticle reviews relevant research that explores the use of virtual reality for individuals withspecial needs.

Tara L. Jeffs

2009-01-01

421

Navigation Assistance in Virtual Worlds  

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Full Text Available In this paper we report about ongoing research on navigation assistance in virtual environments. Our aim is to contribute to the development of forms of navigation assistance that enable non-professional visitors of a virtual environment to find their way without previous training. The environment used in this re-search is a virtual theatre that models a real world music theatre. This virtual theatre can be used for exploration as well as for transactions and goal-directed search for information. We first present some de-sign principles for navigation assistance in virtual environments and some design criteria for assistance by personal agents. Subsequently we describe how these principles and criteria have been implemented in our experimental virtual theatre environment. Finally we give an overview of future research plans.

Betsy van Dijk

2003-01-01

422

Verbal Interactions in Virtual Worlds  

CERN Document Server

We first discuss respective advantages of language interaction in virtual worlds and of using 3D images in dialogue systems. Then, we describe an example of a verbal interaction system in virtual reality: Ulysse. Ulysse is a conversational agent that helps a user navigate in virtual worlds. It has been designed to be embedded in the representation of a participant of a virtual conference and it responds positively to motion orders. Ulysse navigates the user's viewpoint on his/her behalf in the virtual world. On tests we carried out, we discovered that users, novices as well as experienced ones have difficulties moving in a 3D environment. Agents such as Ulysse enable a user to carry out navigation motions that would have been impossible with classical interaction devices. From the whole Ulysse system, we have stripped off a skeleton architecture that we have ported to VRML, Java, and Prolog. We hope this skeleton helps the design of language applications in virtual worlds.

Nugues, P

2000-01-01

423

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Thomas Steinemann, MD, professor of ophthalmology at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. "This is far from the truth." In fact, it is illegal to sell colored contact lenses without a prescription in the United States. All contact lenses are medical devices that require ...

424

Colored Contact Lens Dangers  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Consumer warning about the improper use of colored contact lenses , from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Are the colored lenses you are considering buying approved by the FDA? Check the FDA's database of approved contact lenses . Buyer beware: review a list of unapproved ...

425

Virtual Globes and Geological Modeling  

OpenAIRE

Virtual Globes such as Google Earth TM, revolutionize the way scientists conduct their research and the way the general public use geospatial – related data and information. Improvement in the processing power and storage capacities of computers, along with the increased Internet accessibility and connectivity, has supported the usage of Virtual Globes technologies. Even more, software releases of freely downloadable Virtual Globes, such as Google Earth and NASA World Wind, has sparked an e...

Tsangaratos Paraskevas

2011-01-01

426

Development of virtual learning material  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this thesis was to deal things which are related to virtual learning. The most essential things which were examined relating to virtual learning and doing of a web course were: learning by a computer, development of virtual learning material, web exercises, teacher’s role, communality, evaluation and giving feedback to a student. In the theoretical part of the thesis was told also about the concepts: eLearning, web-based learning, blended learning and Computer Based Training....

Kerola, Sanna

2009-01-01

427

Virtual Reality and Special Needs  

OpenAIRE

The use of virtual environments for special needs is as diverse as the field of Special Educationitself and the individuals it serves. Individuals with special needs often face challenges withattention, language, spatial abilities, memory, higher reasoning and knowledge acquisition.Research in the use of Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) targets both cognition and behavior(Rizzo, et.al, 2001). Virtual environments encourage interactive learning and provide avariety of opportunities for the ...

Jeffs, Tara L.

2009-01-01

428

An ontology of virtual humans  

OpenAIRE

Most of the efforts concerninggraphical representations ofhumans (Virtual Humans) have beenfocused on synthesizing geometryfor static or animated shapes. Thenext step is to consider a human bodynot only as a 3D shape, but as anactive semantic entity with features,functionalities, interaction skills,etc. We are currently working on anontology-based approach to makeVirtual Humans more active andunderstandable both for humans andmachines. The ontology for VirtualHumans we are defining will provi...

Gutie?rrez, Mario; Garci?a-rojas, Alejandra; Thalmann, Daniel; Vexo, Fre?de?ric; Moccozet, Laurent; Magnenat Thalmann, Nadia; Mortara, Michela; Spagnuolo, Michela

2007-01-01

429

On a Virtual Learning Environment  

OpenAIRE

Education in the Information Society is based on asynchronism in time and space, interactivity and virtual restructuring of the educational space. One way to implement such a model of training is web-based - use of the WWW as a virtual environment to access educational materials or to organize the learning process. This work presents a virtual learning environment (VLE) developed for students and made up of modules of dynamically changing content implemented by authorized users. The aim is, t...

Angelova, Evgeniya; Staribratov, Ivaylo

2010-01-01

430

Lessons Learned from Virtual Humans  

OpenAIRE

Over the past decade, we have been engaged in an extensive research effort to build virtual humans and applications that use them.  Building a virtual human might be considered the quintessential AI problem, because it brings together many of the key features, such as autonomy, natural communication, sophisticated reasoning and behavior, that distinguish AI systems.  This paper describes major virtual human systems we have built and important lessons we have learned along the way.

Swartout, William University Of Southern California Institute For Creative Technologies

2010-01-01

431

Contact Lenses - A Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A review of recent literature on contact lenses shows increasingly more studies on soft contact lenses than PMMA hard lenses The articles on contact lens wear and ulcerative keratitis have highlighted the increased risk of microbial keratitis in contact lens wearers compared to the general population, higher virulence of pathogens isolated and special association of fungi with EWSCL This high risk is due to multiple factors, organism survival in moist lens cases and cleaning solutions, microtrauma to the corneal epithelium by repeated insertion and removal, corneal hypoxia and lens deposits in soft lenses Special problems of tonometry in eyes with bandage soft lenses and contact lens sterilization have been studied and useful suggestions have come forth from the authors

Dada V

1987-01-01

432

Noneczematous Contact Dermatitis  

Science.gov (United States)

Irritant or allergic contact dermatitis usually presents as an eczematous process, clinically characterized by erythematoedematovesicous lesions with intense itching in the acute phase. Such manifestations become erythematous-scaly as the condition progresses to the subacute phase and papular-hyperkeratotic in the chronic phase. Not infrequently, however, contact dermatitis presents with noneczematous features. The reasons underlying this clinical polymorphism lie in the different noxae and contact modalities, as well as in the individual susceptibility and the various targeted cutaneous structures. The most represented forms of non-eczematous contact dermatitis include the erythema multiforme-like, the purpuric, the lichenoid, and the pigmented kinds. These clinical entities must obviously be discerned from the corresponding “pure” dermatitis, which are not associated with contact with exogenous agents. PMID:24109520

Foti, Caterina; Vestita, Michelangelo; Angelini, Gianni

2013-01-01

433

Virtual Worlds Today: Gaming and Online Sociality.  

OpenAIRE

Gordon Calleja gives an historical overview about the history of Virtual Worlds. In his article “Virtual Worlds Today: Gaming and Online Sociality” he thus focuses on the problems that come with trying to define “virtual” and “Virtual Worlds” and gives an illustrative overview about various types of different so-called Virtual Worlds.

Calleja, Gordon

2008-01-01

434

Virtual goods and value perception  

OpenAIRE

Huikko, Iiro Virtual goods and value perception Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2011, 28 p. Information Systems, Bachelor’s Thesis Supervisor: Seppänen, Ville During the last decade the market of virtual goods has grown from the petty exchange of virtual artifacts into a booming multi-billion dollar business. Data shows that in 2007 global revenue of virtual goods was $2.1 billion when in 2010 it had raised to $7.3 billion. That is an increase of over 240 percent. To...

Huikko, Iiro

2012-01-01

435

Virtual corporations, enterprise and organisation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual organisation is a strategic paradigm that is centred on the use of information and ICT to create value. Virtual organisation is presented as a metamanagement strategy that has application in all value oriented organisations. Within the concept of Virtual organisation, the business model is an ICT based construct that bridges and integrates enterprise strategic and operational concerns. Firms try to ameliorate the impacts of risk and product complexity by forming alliances and partnerships with others to spread the risk of new products and new ventures and to increase organisational competence. The result is a networked virtual organization.

Carmen RÃDUT

2009-06-01

436

Network projects and collaboration. Models for socio-cultural changes-on the internet  

OpenAIRE

Esta tesis propone modelos para cambios socio-culturales en Internet. Proyectos en red en colaboración fueran el objeto de este estudio. Fueran elegidos 100 proyectos para una base de datos donde se hizo un análisis detallado. Después de un estudio de los resultados de la base de datos, asimismo basándose en teorías de multitud, resistencia, tolerancia, controle y protocolo, cultura libre y realismo virtual, modelos emergieron. Los proyectos fueron divididos en 3 áreas: diseño, colabo...

Schuch Brunet, Karla

2006-01-01

437

Interactive Virtual Cinematography  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A virtual camera represents the point-of-view of the player through which she perceives the game world and gets feedback on her actions. Thus, the virtual camera plays a vital role in 3D computer games and aects player experience and enjoyability in games. Interactive virtual cinematography is the process of visualising the content of a virtual environment by positioning and animating the virtual camera in the context of interactive applications such as a computer game. Camera placement and animation in games are usually directly controlled by the player or statically predened by designers. Direct control of the camera by the player increases the complexity of the interaction and reduces the designer's control on game storytelling. A completely designer-driven camera releases the player from the burden of controlling the point of view, but might generate undesired camera behaviours. Furthermore, if the content of the game is procedurally generated, the designer might not have the necessary information to dene a priori the camera positions and movements. Automatic camera control aims to dene an abstraction layer that permits to control the camera using high-level and environment-independent rules. The camera controller should dynamically and eciently translate these rules into camera positions and movements before (or while) the player plays the game. Automatically controlling the camera in virtual 3D dynamic environments is an open research problem and a challenging task. From an optimisation perspective it is a relatively low dimensional problem (i.e. it has a minimum of 5 dimensions) but the complexity of the objective function evaluation combined with the strict time constraints make the problem computationally complex. Moreover, the multi-objective nature of the typical camera objective function, introduces problems such as constraints conflicts, over-constraining or under-constraining. An hypothetical optimal automatic camera control system should provide the right tool to allow designers to place cameras eectively in dynamic and unpredictable environments. However, there is still a limit in this approach: to bridge the gap between automatic and manual cameras the camera objective should be influenced by the player. In our view, the camera control system should be able to learn camera preferences from the user and adapt the camera setting to improve the player experience. Therefore, we propose a new approach to automatic camera control that indirectly includes the player in the camera control loop. To achieve this goal we have analysed the automatic camera control problem from a numerical optimization perspective and we have introduced a new optimization algorithm and camera control architecture able to generate real-time, smooth and well composed camera animations. Moreover, we have designed and tested an approach to model the player's camera preferences using machine learning techniques and to tailor the automatic camera behaviour to the player and her game-play style. Experiments show that, the novel optimisation algorithm introduced successfully handles highly dynamic and multi-modal tness functions such as the ones typically involved in dynamic camera control. Moreover, when applied in a commercial-standard game, the proposed automatic camera control architecture shows to be able to accurately and smoothly control the camera. Finally, the results of a user survey, conducted to evaluate the suggested methodology for camera behaviour modelling and adaptation, shows that the resulting adaptive cinematographic experience is largely favoured by the players and it generates a positive impact on the game performance.

Burelli, Paolo

2012-01-01

438

Mytholinguistic Interpretation of Sacral Toponym Astana in Sociocultural Practice of the Siberian Tatars  

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Full Text Available Siberia takes a special place among the regions of Russian Federation; its population has its own mentality,unique historical past, moral and economic consciousness. The authors fix their attention on the specificity ofmythologized consciousness of the Siberian Tatars in order to reveal the places of Sufi views and stories aboutAstana.Today we agree that the name, as a bundle of psycho-energetic forces of the ethnos, has a doubtless influence onthe evolution of history in whole, forming the collective unconscious, promoting the consolidation of thearchetypical images force to perceive yourself integrally. Modern onomastics leaves the interpretation of theproper name exclusively under the frames of etymology. As a rule, the basis can be presented by imagery,metaphor-metonymic processes, lying in the basis of denomination of specific denotations and lexicalbackground, i.e. the combination of information, referring to the named object. In this connection, mental spaceof the proper name presents a special interest, because, functioning in polyethnic environment, all elements ofregional onomastic system are subject to the influence of perception-stereotyped standards, peculiar of a man, asa knower.Saint places of the Siberian Tatars, Astana, take one of the central places in traditional sociocultural practice ofthe Siberian Turki. Astana complexes themselves present the material implementation of the Sufism idea aboutimplicit knowledge communication. Siberia was associated and is still associated with some mythological space,where the reality, forgotten by the civilized world, is the actuality, where the world edges come in touch witheach other, where the heroes live and act, that is why this space is marked by the special sacral places - Astana,which offer a clue to understand Sufism among the Siberian Tatar. The stories about Astana were published by N.F. Katanov. The stories themselves were written in variants: the first version - by Saad Vakkas, the son ofRadjab, Allakulov, and the other - by Kashshaf Abu-Said. At present, these notes are kept in Tobolsk RegionalMuseum of Local Lore and are available for the researchers.The researchers pay special attention to the significance of Sufism in traditional views of the Siberian Tatars,fairly underlying, that Sufism has a lot of directions. The authors tend to think that worship practice to Astana isconditioned by Sufism, equally as the manuscript literature of the Siberian Tatars, reflecting theethno-sociocultural practice of the Siberian Tatars.Oral folk arts always presented that ideologic and artistic property of people, where they could express theiroutlook and attitude to life. According to the data of folkloristics, which counts nearly one and a half centuries,the Siberian Tatars has a rich folk-poetic heritage, including different genres of the oral folk arts. Unfortunately,in the flow of time, there are less and less opportunities left to collect and record the folklore pieces, as they gointo wilderness together with their bearers, oldsters. Fortunately, a great volume of folklore material wascollected and studied so far, based on which is possible to make several conclusions. As a result offolklore-dialectological expeditions of scientists from Tobolsk, Kazan and Tyumen, there were written thestories about Astana, among which the following are distinguished: 1 the stories, telling aboutconservative-protecting function of Astana; 2 the stories, telling about wonderful curing energy of Astana; 3the stories about vindictive force and power of Astana spirits. Many Sufi folk tales about santons and legends ofthe Siberian Tatars about Astana have similar episodes. These plots tell about miraculous power of sheiks: mind reading, curing of the ill, control of nature and jinns, movement by air and water etc. According to Sufi ideas, theman's spirit presents the man's essence, and the body is only the ash. If you die, you will be mourned by yourchildren, but only Tengere (the God will know your essence. At present, the Kazan and Tyumen researcherscarry out

Irina Sovetovna Karabulatova

2015-02-01

439

Socio-Cultural Dimensions of Cluster vs. Single Home Photovoltaic Solar Energy Systems in Rural Nepal  

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Full Text Available This paper analyzes the socio-cultural dimensions of obstacles facing solar photovoltaic projects in two villages in rural Nepal. The study was conducted in Humla District, Nepal, one of the most remote and impoverished regions of the country. There are no roads in the district, homes lack running water and villagers’ health suffers from high levels of indoor air pollution from open cooking/heating fires and the smoky torches traditionally burned for light. The introduction of solar energy is important to these villagers, as it removes one major source of indoor air pollution from homes and provides brighter light than the traditional torches. Solar energy is preferable in many villages in the region due to the lack of suitable streams or rivers for micro-hydroelectric projects. In the villages under study in this paper, in-home solar electricity is a novel and recent innovation, and was installed within the last three years in two different geo-spatial styles, depending upon the configuration of homes in the village. In some villages, houses are grouped together, while in others households are widely dispersed. In the former, solar photovoltaic systems were installed in a “cluster” fashion with multiple homes utilizing power from a central battery store under the control of the householder storing the battery bank. In villages with widely spaced households, a single home system was used so that each home had a separate solar photovoltaic array, wiring system and battery bank. It became clear that the cluster system was the sensible choice due to the geographic layout of certain villages, but this put people into management groups that did not always work well due to caste or other differences. This paper describes the two systems and their management and usage costs and benefits from the perspective of the villagers themselves.

Kimber Haddix McKay

2010-02-01

440

Evaluation of Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Consumer Buying Behaviour of Clothes in Borno State, Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available his study assesses cultural factors influencing consumer buying behaviour of clothes in Borno state, Nigeria. It was specifically carried out to examine consumer buying decision making process and assess cultural, economic as well as personal factors influencing clothes buying behavior. Data for the study were gathered through structured questionnaire administered by the researcher with the help of two research assistants, on a sample of 192 clothes buyers, out of which, 174 were duly filled and returned. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi square, Analysis of variance and multi-stage regression. Findings revealed a highly significant influence of cultural factors (T=14.83, P<0.000 on consumer buying behaviour of which the relative regression coefficient influences equivalence of societal norms (24.6% was the highest. The findings also indicated a highly significant influence of economic factors (T=11.89, P<0.000 factor on consumer buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence exerted by income (20%. The study further revealed that age was the sole personal (endogenous factor variable influencing buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence of over 65%. The study concluded that culture, either acting independently or in conjunction with economic and personal factors significantly influences buying behaviour of clothes. It was recommended that marketing managers should take cognizance of the fact that socio-cultural factors are some of the fundamental determinants of a person’s want and behavior and should therefore be considered when designing clothes for their markets.

Lawan A. Lawan

2013-01-01

441

Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) and its earlier versions are measures designed to assess societal and interpersonal aspects of appearance ideals. Correlational, structural equation modeling, and prospective studies of the SATAQ-3 have shown consistent and significant associations with measures of body image disturbance and eating pathology. In the current investigation, the SATAQ-3 was revised to improve upon some conceptual limitations and was evaluated in 4 U.S. and 3 international female samples, as well as a U.S. male sample. In Study 1, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for a sample of women from the Southeastern United States (N = 859) indicated a 22-item scale with 5 factors: Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat, Internalization: Muscular/Athletic, Pressures: Family, Pressures: Media, Pressures: Peers. This scale structure was confirmed in 3 independent and geographically diverse samples of women from the United States (East Coast N = 440, West Coast N = 304, and North/Midwest N = 349). SATAQ-4 scale scores demonstrated excellent reliability and good convergent validity with measures of body image, eating disturbance, and self-esteem. Study 2 replicated the factorial validity, reliability, and convergent validity of the SATAQ-4 in an international sample of women drawn from Italy, England, and Australia (N = 362). Study 3 examined a sample of college males from the United States (N = 271); the 5-factor solution was largely replicated, yet there was some evidence of an underlying structure unique to men. Future research avenues include additional item testing and modification of the scale for men, as well as adaptation of the measure for children and adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285718

Schaefer, Lauren M; Burke, Natasha L; Thompson, J Kevin; Dedrick, Robert F; Heinberg, Leslie J; Calogero, Rachel M; Bardone-Cone, Anna M; Higgins, Mary K; Frederick, David A; Kelly, Mackenzie; Anderson, Drew A; Schaumberg, Katherine; Nerini, Amanda; Stefanile, Cristina; Dittmar, Helga; Clark, Elizabeth; Adams, Zoe; Macwana, Susan; Klump, Kelly L; Vercellone, Allison C; Paxton, Susan J; Swami, Viren

2015-03-01

442

Sustainable teacher learning in Waldorf education: A socio-cultural perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article takes up a socio-cultural approach to teacher learning and applies this to frame a research agenda aimed at the renewal of sustainable teacher learning in Waldorf education. It revisits and critically reflects on Steiner’s original model for teacher learning situated in a college of teachers using the method of meditatively acquired knowledge of the human being to generate intuitive knowledge. It interprets this model from the perspective of theories of understanding-in-practice and enskilment situated in communities of practice. It also identifies the need for teacher learning through action research. Drawing on Arthur Zajonc’s description of meditation as contemplative inquiry, it explores how action research can be enhanced by contemplative practice. The validity of this approach depends on the quality of criticality and reflectivity exercised by the researchers. This article forms an introduction to a sequence of further studies.German Abstract (Zusammenfassung: Dieser Artikel wendet eine soziokulturelle Analyse des Lehrerlernens an, um ein Forschungsprojekt zur nachhaltiger Erneuerung der internen Lehrerfortbildung in Waldorfeinrichtungen zu strukturieren. Er setzt sich mit Steiners ursprünglichem Model der Lehrerfortbildung in der Lehrerkonferenz unter Einbeziehung der Methode der meditativ erarbeiteten Menschenkunde kritisch auseinander. Das Model wird unter Berücksichtigung der Lerntheorie des “Verstehens-in-der Praxis” und der Befähigung (enskilment Einzelner in einer Praxisgemeinschaft sowie des Prozesses der Bildung von Lehreridentität interpretiert. Die Notwendigkeit der Praxisforschung für das Lehrerlernen wird identifiziert und untersucht, unter welchen Bedingungen und in wiefern Arthur Zajoncs Beschreibung der Meditation als kontemplative Forschung die Praxisforschung bereichern kann. Die Validität dieses Ansatzes hängt von der Qualität der kritischen Reflexion und von der Positionalität der Forschern und Forscherinnen ab. Dieser Artikel stellt eine Einführung in die Thematik da, die in weiteren Arbeiten vertieft werden soll.

Martyn P. Rawson

2010-12-01

443

PLATAFORMA EDUCATIVA VIRTUAL "Nyquist"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este proyecto pretende diseñar e implementar una plataforma educativa virtual que le permita a la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira ampliar su área de cobertura sin necesidad de ampliar sus instalaciones físicas. Esta planteado en dos fases que pueden ser desarrolladas en paralelo, ambas importantes para la culminación exitosa del proyecto: análisis, diseño e implementación de un aplicativo que permite la realización de clases tradicionales a través de redes de datos de amplia difusión como por ejemplo internet. Además propone un modelo pedagógico que busca que todo el contenido de las clases sea asimilado por los estudiantes y que la adopción de dicha plataforma sea lo menos traumática posible.

ANA MARIA LOPEZ ECHEVERRY

2009-01-01

444

Isolating supersymmetric virtual effects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper we propose probes of isolated supersymmetric virtual effects. They require using a beam with spin transverse polarizations and identifying the involved interactions as nonchiral. It is shown that the effect is too small to be observed in e+e- machines, but observable in a p bar p collider if we could perform such experiments with a precision of 10-3. Moreover, the latter experiments are sensitive to squark masses of the order of the c.m. energy i.e., mq? ?s which for energies of the CERN e+e- collider LEP corresponds to mq?100 GeV

445

Grids, Clouds and Virtualization  

CERN Document Server

Research into grid computing has been driven by the need to solve large-scale, increasingly complex problems for scientific applications. Yet the applications of grid computing for business and casual users did not begin to emerge until the development of the concept of cloud computing, fueled by advances in virtualization techniques, coupled with the increased availability of ever-greater Internet bandwidth. The appeal of this new paradigm is mainly based on its simplicity, and the affordable price for seamless access to both computational and storage resources. This timely text/reference int

Cafaro, Massimo

2011-01-01

446

Alice - The Virtual Secretary  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Animated Agents are increasingly finding their way into computer applications and websites. They create life on the screen for us, attempt to personalize our communication and rather than us being forced to read long website introductions, they can verbally introduce us to the content. One of the primary ideas behind using animated agents is, quoting Wik and Granström (2007), to transform the well-known desktop metaphor of the PC, into a more human metaphor, thereby increasing the authenticity of our interaction with technology. At Knowledge Lab we have combined three different technologies in order to create Alice – The virtual secretary.

Hansen, Thomas K.

2009-01-01

447

Virtual Turing Machine 2  

Science.gov (United States)

A Turing machine is theoretical computer consisting of a finite set of internal states, a finite alphabet that includes a blank symbol, and a finite set of instructions. It has a physical head and a physical infinitely long tape, which is divided into cells. The cell values consist of the alphabet. The tape has a finite number of non-blank cells. The head can read and write to the cells and move the tape one cell to the left and one cell to the right. The Virtual Turing Machine lets you input tape values and an instruction set to see the output of a turing machine.

Paul R. C. Ming

448

Adapting Virtual Camera Behaviour  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In a three-dimensional virtual environment aspects such as narrative and interaction completely depend on the camera since the camera defines the player’s point of view. Most research works in automatic camera control aim to take the control of this aspect from the player to automatically gen- erate cinematographic game experiences reducing, however, the player’s feeling of agency. We propose a methodology to integrate the player in the camera control loop that allows to design and generate personalised cinematographic expe- riences. Furthermore, we present an evaluation of the afore- mentioned methodology showing that the generated camera movements are positively perceived by novice asnd intermediate players.

Burelli, Paolo

2013-01-01

449

Virtual vision loss simulator.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vision loss is common among people over the age of 65 and the condition is irreversible in most cases. Our simulator is a means to effectively and accurately inform people about the nature of common vision problems, initially limited to medically accurate simulations of cataract and macular degeneration. Using an eye tracker that continuously determines the subject's fixation point, a systematically degraded digital image displayed on an HMD can be a powerful educational tool. This article presents our Virtual Vision Loss (VVL) simulator and the developed simulation techniques based on calibration from 27 subjects. PMID:15544311

Toufaili, Feras M; Seibel, Eric J; McIntyre, David J

2004-01-01

450

The Virtual Terrain Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The Virtual Terrain Project (VTP) homepage has a wealth of information about three dimensional environment rendering, as well as links to many different research efforts and papers about the subject. The project's aim "is to foster the creation of tools for easily constructing any part of the real world in interactive, 3D digital form." Several subtopics are addressed, including plant modeling and realistic ground detailing and texturing. An interesting focus is on cultural aspects of terrain rendering, such as roads, buildings, and other infrastructure. Some images of VTP worlds are shown, and three software titles developed with the project can be downloaded upon request.

451

Surface plasmon resonance imaging of cell-substrate contacts with radially polarized beams  

OpenAIRE

We demonstrate the proof-of-concept for surface plasmon resonance sensing and imaging via a virtual probe at the cell-substrate interface of a biological cell in aqueous media. The technique is based on the optical excitation by focused radially polarized beams of localized surface plasmons, which forms a virtual probe on the metal substrate. The intensity distribution at the back focal plane of the objective lens enables quantitative measurements to be made of the cell-substrate contact. The...

Moh, K. J.; Yuan, X. -c; Bu, J.; Zhu, S. W.; Gao, Bruce Z.

2008-01-01

452

Real time Virtual View Generation For Augmented Virtuality System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes a novel method of real-time virtual view generation for augmented virtuality system. The aim is to rectify the displacement between virtual eye position and video cameras which are attached on the head mounted display. It consists of three steps: Firstly, stereo calibration was used to generate cameras' internal and external parameters, and then image planes were rectified to canonical configuration state that made them alignment or corresponding points on the same scan lines. At last the virtual view images between two cameras are generated using view morphing which is a shape-preserving transition method from a source to a destination view. We can adopt this method to choose locations of two virtual cameras yielding an in-between stereoscopic camera views without reconstructing the 3D model of the object. The view of the object corresponding to a virtual camera that is located between two real cameras with same position of eyes. So we can control the feeling of depth and provide customized viewpoint to the user. It can be used in a variety of augmented virtuality applications to integrate live video objects into virtual environments. Experimental results verify the validity of the proposed approach, and we also show interlaced stereo composition results using a pair of synthesized views from input views acquired by stereo cameras.

Yong Tang

2011-05-01

453

Integration of a Balanced Virtual Manikin in a Virtual Reality Platform aimed at Virtual Prototyping  

OpenAIRE

The work presented here is aimed at introducing a virtual human controller in a virtual prototyping framework. After a brief introduction describing the problem solved in the paper, we describe the interest as for digital humans in the context of concurrent engineering. This leads us to draw a control architecture enabling to drive virtual humans in a real-time immersed way, and to interact with the product, through motion capture. Unfortunately, we show this control scheme ...

Rennuit, Antoine; Micaelli, Alain; Merlhiot, Xavier; Andriot, Claude; Guillaume, Franc?ois; Chevassus, Nicolas; Chablat, Damien; Chedmail, Patrick

2005-01-01

454

Contact and near-contact binary systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reticon spectroscopy and BVRIsub(c) photometry are presented for the eclipsing binary system YY Ceti. It is shown that the system, which has an orbital period of 0.79 day, is composed of a normal main-sequence star of spectral type A8 and an evolved late G-type secondary which completely fills its Roche lobe. The system is expected to evolve into contact within approx. 109 yr. (author)

455

Virtual Optical Comparator  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Virtual Optical Comparator, VOC, was conceived as a result of the limitations of conventional optical comparators and vision systems. Piece part designs for mechanisms have started to include precision features on the face of parts that must be viewed using a reflected image rather than a profile shadow. The VOC concept uses a computer generated overlay and a digital camera to measure features on a video screen. The advantage of this system is superior edge detection compared to traditional systems. No vinyl charts are procured or inspected. The part size and expensive fixtures are no longer a concern because of the range of the X-Y table of the Virtual Optical Comparator. Product redesigns require only changes to the CAD image overlays; new vinyl charts are not required. The inspection process is more ergonomic by allowing the operator to view the part sitting at a desk rather than standing over a 30 inch screen. The procurement cost for the VOC will be less than a traditional comparator with a much smaller footprint with less maintenance and energy requirements.

Thompson, Greg

2008-10-20

456

When Virtual Worlds Expand  

Science.gov (United States)

The future of a virtual world depends on whether it can grow in subjective size, cultural content, and numbers of human participants. In one form of growth, exemplified by Second Life, the scope of a world increases gradually as new sponsors pay for new territory and inhabitants create content. A very different form of growth is sudden expansion, as when World of Warcraft (WoW) added entire new continents in its Burning Crusade and Lich King expansions (Lummis and Kern 2006, 2008; Corneliussen and Rettberg 2008; Sims et al. 2008). Well-established gamelike worlds have often undergone many expansions. Both the pioneer science fiction game Anarchy Online, which was launched in 2001, and Star Wars Galaxies dating from 2003, have had three, and EVE Online also from 2003 has had nine, although smaller ones. This chapter reports research on WoW's 2008 Lich King expansion, using both quantitative and qualitative methods, in order to develop theoretical ideas of the implications of expansion for virtual worlds.

Bainbridge, William Sims

457

Dynnikov coordinates on virtual braid groups  

CERN Document Server

We define Dynnikov coordinates on virtual braid groups. We prove that they are faithful invariants of virtual 2-braids, and present evidence that they are also very powerful invariants for general virtual braids.

Bardakov, Valerij G; Wiest, Bert

2011-01-01

458

Telescopic vision contact lens  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the concept, optical design, and first proof of principle experimental results for a telescopic contact lens intended to become a visual aid for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), providing magnification to the user without surgery or external head-mounted optics. Our contact lens optical system can provide a combination of telescopic and non-magnified vision through two independent optical paths through the contact lens. The magnified optical path incorporates a telescopic arrangement of positive and negative annular concentric reflectors to achieve 2.8x - 3x magnification on the eye, while light passing through a central clear aperture provides unmagnified vision.

Tremblay, Eric J.; Beer, R. Dirk; Arianpour, Ashkan; Ford, Joseph E.

2011-03-01

459

Contacts to semiconductors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Contacts to semiconductors play an important role in most semiconductor devices. These devices range from microelectronics to power components, from high-sensitivity light or radiation detectors to light-emitting of microwave-generating components. Silicon is the dominating material but compound semiconductors are increasing in importance. The following survey is an attempt to classify contact properties and the physical mechanisms involved, as well as fabrication methods and methods of investigation. The main interest is in metal-semiconductor type contacts where a few basic concepts are dealt with in some detail. (Auth.)

460

Colon Cancer: Virtual Detection  

Science.gov (United States)

Colon cancer is both the second most pervasive cancer to attack humans and one of the most preventable. One of the sad reasons for its prevalence has little to do with genes, diet, or overall health. Instead, it is the social stigma of the colon and rectum and the associated test --the colonoscopy -- which drives this cancer to the top of the list of killers. As with many cancer types, colon and rectal cancer is best treated in the early stages. And, when done so, the success of treatment is exponentially greater than dealing with it later on. While the typical test, the colonoscopy, is reliable, safe, and relatively easy, it still requires temporary sedation of the patient and the insertion of a camera through the large intestines. While the patient is sleepy and relaxed due to the sedation, and the procedure is reliably painless, the very thought of the proceture has kept many away. Now, with the advent of amazing virtual imaging technology, a virtual colonoscopy can be performed in seconds without sedation, and without the insertion of a camera. While there are pros and cons to each -- namely that by using the old method, any growths can be removed by the colonoscope immediately -- this may be the answer for crossing the formally highest hurdle: simply getting people in the door for testing. The several sites below offer a look at this new technology. Teachers will hopefully value not only the descriptive sites, but also the link to a related lesson plan.The first link leads to a segment from PBS' Newshour and offers a very good introduction to the topic. The link leads to your choice of the transcript, audio, or video of the interview conducted by Margaret Warner with Dr. Perry Pickhardt, radiologist at the University of Wisconsin -- Madison and co-director of a recent virtual colonoscopy study found in the New England Journal of Medicine and the object of a lot of buzz in the medical world. The second site leads to the University of Wisconsin's press release on the study's findings and the technology itself. The third site, while a bit technical for many readers, takes you to the New England Journal of Medicine website and the actual report produced by Dr. Pickhardt and his colleagues on their findings related to virtual colonoscopy. The fourth link leads the foremost cancer information center sponsored by the U.S. government, the National Cancer Institute and its web home for Colon and Rectal cancer. This is a great site to obtain both general and specific information related to the disease and the various treatments. The next link leads an exceptionally well produced series of reports by a Madison (Wisconsin) area television station, WISC. Its web home, channel3000.com, offers this site which gives a good report of virtual colonoscopy as well as many links to additional information. Finally, teachers, the last link leads back to PBS.org and a great lesson that asks students (grades 6-8) to think about this topic from its scientific point of view.

461

Training Rowing with Virtual Environments  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the results of the design, implementation and evaluation of a platform for rowing training in Virtual Reality called SPRINT. The paper discusses how various aspects of the rowing skill can be analyzed and trained over a single common methodology and system platform. The result is a vision for new directions in the domain of sport training with Virtual Reality.

Gopher Daniel; Korman Maria; Hoffmann Charles; Varlet Manuel; Marin Ludovic; Bardy Benoît; Filippeschi Alessandro; Ruffaldi Emanuele; Bergamasco Massimo

2011-01-01

462

Designing a Virtual Field Trip  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual field trips offer a new way for teachers and students to visit historical sites and museums. Most notably, virtual field trips provide access to places that normally would be impossible for classrooms to visit, and this, in turn, provides a plethora of learning possibilities for the classroom. Why should teachers consider creating a…

Lacina, Jan Guidry

2004-01-01

463

What is a virtual link?  

OpenAIRE

Several authors have recently studied virtual knots and links because they admit invariants arising from R-matrices. We prove that every virtual link is uniquely represented by a link L in S X I, a thickened, compact, oriented surface S, such that the link complement (S X I) - L has no essential vertical cylinder.

Kuperberg, Greg

2002-01-01

464

Virtual Ed. Faces Sharp Criticism  

Science.gov (United States)

It's been a rough time for the image of K-12 virtual education. Studies in Colorado and Minnesota have suggested that full-time online students are struggling to match the achievement levels of their peers in brick-and-mortar schools. Articles in "The New York Times" questioned not only the academic results for students in virtual schools, but…

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

465

Developing Trust in Virtual Teams  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid globalization, advances in technology, flatter organizational structures, synergistic cooperation among firms, and a shift to knowledge work environments have led to the increasing use of virtual teams in organizations. Selecting, training, and socializing employees in virtual teamwork has therefore become an important human resource…

Germain, Marie-Line

2011-01-01

466

Virtual leadership in nursing education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The transition to online education with faculty teaching at a distance has created "virtual departments" of nursing that necessitates a new way of leading. The author discusses leadership theory and team-building methods to support leaders engaged in virtual departments of nursing. PMID:22914280

Levesque, Pamela

2012-01-01