WorldWideScience
1

Pleural effusion in hepatic vena cava disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pleural effusion is not uncommon in developing countries. It is usually considered to be due to tuberculosis and treated with anti-tubercular chemotherapy without much diagnostic workup. Hepatic vena cava disease (HVD), a disease caused by obliterative lesion of the hepatic portion of inferior vena cava induced by bacterial infection is common in developing countries. We report here the occurrence of pleural effusion in 10% of the cases of HVD. Four patients, one with acute and three with chronic HVD that presented with pleural effusion are described. Pleural effusion in HVD responded to treatment with antibiotic and diuretic. In developing countries HVD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion. It is postulated that bacterial infection and sodium retention resulting from acute caval obstruction are important in the pathogenesis of pleural effusion in HVD. PMID:18604023

Shrestha, S M

2007-01-01

2

Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava related to Ormond's disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 46-year-old female patient presenting with unspecific lower back pain, diffuse abdominal pain, and slightly elevated body temperature was referred to the hospital. The X-ray of the spine detected an unspecific sclerotic lesion of the third lumbar vertebra; an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan was performed. In this scan, a sheeting of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, a streaky densification of the periaortal fatty tissue, and a nearly complete thrombotic occlusion of the inferior vena cava and both iliac veins was detected. As these findings are typical for acute aortitis and this is a life-threatening disease, the patient was transferred to a university hospital. Imaging work-up including ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and 18-flourodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography were performed after transfer. These examinations showed acute aortitis due to Ormond's disease. Furthermore, there was a thrombotic occlusion of the inferior vena cava due to a compression of the vein by inflamed connective tissue. This is a rare finding in Ormond's disease. We decided to treat our patient with a combined therapy including glucocorticoids and tamoxifen for 2 years. During these 2 years and the further follow-up period, the patient showed no relapse of the inflammatory disease. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare but increasingly recognized disease characterized by the presence of fibro-inflammatory tissue, usually surrounding the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. This fibrotic tissue extends into the retroperitoneum and thus encases structures, for example, the ureters. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is generally idiopathic. It can also be secondary to certain drugs, malignant diseases, infections, surgery, and other triggering factors. Ormond's disease may lead to serious complications like renal failure. This can be avoided by successful treatment when diagnosed early. PMID:23599947

Paetzold, Sascha; Gary, Thomas; Hafner, Franz; Brodmann, Marianne

2013-03-01

3

The superior vena cava syndrome caused by malignant disease  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: The superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction by malignant diseases is either by direct invasion and compression or by tumour thrombus of the SVC. Whatever is its cause, obstruction of the SVC causes elevated pressure in the veins draining into the SVC and increased or reversed blood flow through collateral vessels. Severity of the syndrome depends on the collateral vascular system development. Therefore, imaging of the collateral veins with variable location and connection is important in determining the extension and management of the disease. Our aims are to describe collateral vessels of the superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) related with the malignant diseases and to assess the ability of multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and 3D volume rendering techniques in determining and describing collateral circulations. Materials and methods: We present CT angiography findings of seven patients with small cell carcinoma of the lung (n = 2), squamous cell carcinoma of the lung (n = 3), Hodgkin disease of the thorax (n = 1), and squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus (n = 1). The patients received contrast-enhanced CT scans of the chest and abdomen on a multi-detector row CT during breath holding at suspended inspiration. Results: CT images revealed the cause and level of the SVC obstruction in all patients with axial and multiplanar reconstructed images. The SVC showed total obstruction in five patients and partial obstruction in two patients. The most common experienced collateral vessels were azygos vein (6), intercostal veins (6), mediastinal veins (6), paravertebral veins (5), hemiazygos vein (5), thoracoepigastric vein (5), internal mammary vein (5), thoracoacromioclavicular venous plexus (5), and anterior chest wall veins (5). While one case showed the portal-systemic shunt, V. cordis media and sinus coronarius with phrenic veins were enlarged in two cases, and the left adrenal vein was enlarged in a patient. In one case, the azygos vein with reversed blood flow was drained into both inferior vena cava and hemiazygos vein with the left renal vein. Conclusion: Multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and 3D imaging is an effective tool in evaluation of the SVCS and has a greater advantage than the other imaging techniques. 3D volume rendering is a useful technique in determining and describing collateral circulations in addition to the primary disease process.

Eren, Suat [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)]. E-mail: suateren@atauni.edu.tr; Karaman, Adem [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey); Okur, Adnan [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)

2006-07-15

4

Vena cava filter; Vena-cava-Filter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fulminant pulmonary embolism is one of the major causes of death in the Western World. In most cases, deep leg and pelvic venous thrombosis are the cause. If an anticoagulant/thrombotic therapy is no longer possible or ineffective, a vena cava filter implant may be indicated if an embolism is threatening. Implantation of the filter is a simple and safe intervention. Nevertheless, it is necessary to take into consideration that the data base for determining the indications for this treatment are very limited. Currently, a reduction in the risk of thromboembolism with the use of filters of about 30%, of recurrences of almost 5% and fatal pulmonary embolism of 1% has been reported, with a risk of up to 20% of filter induced vena cava thrombosis. (orig.) [German] Die fulminante Lungenembolie zaehlt zu den Haupttodesursachen in der westlichen Welt. In der Mehrzahl der Faelle sind tiefe Bein- und Beckenvenenthrombosen ursaechlich verantwortlich. Ist eine antikoagulative/-thrombotische Therapie nicht (mehr) moeglich oder unwirksam, kann bei drohender Emboliegefahr die Vena-cava-Filterimplantation indiziert sein. Die Filterimplantation ist eine einfache und sehr sichere Intervention. Dennoch muss bei der Indikationsstellung beruecksichtigt werden, dass die Datenlage zur Wirksamkeit sehr limitiert ist. So wird aktuell ueber eine Reduktion des Thrombembolierisikos um 30% bei Embolierezidiven von knapp 5% und fatalen Lungenembolien von 1% unter Filterprophylaxe berichtet, bei einem Risiko von bis zu 20% fuer die filterinduzierte Vena-cava-Thrombose. (orig.)

Helmberger, T. [Klinikum Bogenhausen, Institut fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Muenchen (Germany)

2007-05-15

5

Pseudodisplacements of superior vena cava catheter in the persistent left superior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pseudodisplacement of a left sided superior vena cava catheter in a persistent superior vena cava may be expected in adults in 0,37% and in a group of children with congenital heart disease in 2,5%. Embryology, anatomy and clinical implications is discussed on the basis of our own cases. The vena cava superior sinistra persitents is depending on a sufficient calibre a suitable vessel for a superior cava catheter. (orig.)

6

Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava: image findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Persistent left superior vena cava absent right superior vena cava is a rare anomaly, with less than 150 cases reported in the literature. Congenitally persistent left superior vena cava is the most common variant of systemic venous return to the heart, resulting embryologically from failure of the left anterior cardinal vein to become obliterated. Its incidence varies from 0.3% in patients with otherwise normal heart to 4.3% in patients with congenital heart disease. In the majority of the patients, a right superior vena cava is present as well, but rarely the right anterior cardinal vein degenerates resulting in the absence of the normal right superior vena cava. The blood from the right side is carried by the persistent left superior vena cava to the right atrium through the coronary sinus. We report the case of a patient with a persistent left superior vena cava and absence of right superior vena cava identified by chance during a chest radiograph and computed tomography examination for investigation of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The patient had no congenital heart disease and the blood from the right side was drained by the persistent left superior vena cava into the right atrium through the coronary sinus. (author)

7

Anomalies of the vena cava inferior  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two cases of anomalous inferior vena cava are presented, with the emphasis on embryology. The firts patient was investigated by venography for a clinically proven varicocele as a probable cause of infertility. A double inferior vena cava was found during venography, and was confirmed by computed tomography (CT). In the second case a left-sided inferior vena cava was an incidental finding when a CT scan was done as a diagnostic procedure in a case of Hodgkin's disease. A short summary of the embryology and the significance of the variants is presented

8

Fibrosing mediastinitis and thrombosis of superior vena cava associated with Behcet's disease  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present CT, MRI and venography findings in 13-year boy with mediastinal fibrosis and superior vena cava (SVC) thrombosis associated with Behcet's disease. Fibrosing mediastinitis is an excessive fibrotic reaction that occurs in the mediastinum and may lead to compression of mediastinal structures (especially vascular). This condition is usually idiopathic, though many (and perhaps most) cases in the USA are thought to be caused by an abnormal immunologic response to Histoplasma capsulatum infection. SVC syndrome secondary to extrinsic compression by mediastinal fibrosis combined with Behcet's disease has rarely been described. Radiological investigations of this syndrome are necessary to avoid a useless anticoagulant therapy.

Harman, Mustafa E-mail: drmharman@hotmail.com; Sayarlioglu, Mehmet; Arslan, Halil; Ayakta, Hayati; Harman, Ece

2003-11-01

9

Fibrosing mediastinitis and thrombosis of superior vena cava associated with Behcet's disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present CT, MRI and venography findings in 13-year boy with mediastinal fibrosis and superior vena cava (SVC) thrombosis associated with Behcet's disease. Fibrosing mediastinitis is an excessive fibrotic reaction that occurs in the mediastinum and may lead to compression of mediastinal structures (especially vascular). This condition is usually idiopathic, though many (and perhaps most) cases in the USA are thought to be caused by an abnormal immunologic response to Histoplasma capsulatum infection. SVC syndrome secondary to extrinsic compression by mediastinal fibrosis combined with Behcet's disease has rarely been described. Radiological investigations of this syndrome are necessary to avoid a useless anticoagulant therapy

10

Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava: image findings; Veia cava superior esquerda anomala com ausencia de veia cava superior direita: achados de imagem  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Persistent left superior vena cava absent right superior vena cava is a rare anomaly, with less than 150 cases reported in the literature. Congenitally persistent left superior vena cava is the most common variant of systemic venous return to the heart, resulting embryologically from failure of the left anterior cardinal vein to become obliterated. Its incidence varies from 0.3% in patients with otherwise normal heart to 4.3% in patients with congenital heart disease. In the majority of the patients, a right superior vena cava is present as well, but rarely the right anterior cardinal vein degenerates resulting in the absence of the normal right superior vena cava. The blood from the right side is carried by the persistent left superior vena cava to the right atrium through the coronary sinus. We report the case of a patient with a persistent left superior vena cava and absence of right superior vena cava identified by chance during a chest radiograph and computed tomography examination for investigation of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The patient had no congenital heart disease and the blood from the right side was drained by the persistent left superior vena cava into the right atrium through the coronary sinus. (author)

Araujo Junior, Cyrillo Rodrigues de; Carvalho, Tarcisio Nunes; Fraguas Filho, Sergio Roberto; Costa, Marlos Augusto Bitencourt; Jacob, Beatriz Mahmud; Machado, Marcio Martins; Teixeira, Kim-Ir-Sen Santos; Ximenes, Carlos Alberto [Goias Univ., Goiania (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: radiologia@brturbo.com

2003-10-01

11

Doença de Behçet cursando com trombose de veia cava superior / Behçet's disease presenting with superior vena cava thrombosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A trombose venosa é o principal acometimento do sistema vascular na doença de Behçet, sendo uma complicação freqüente na evolução clínica dessa patologia, e está mais associada ao sexo masculino. Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino que apresentou início da doença há 3 anos com [...] úlceras orais, além de úlceras genitais, e que vem cursando com episódios recorrentes de trombose venosa, sendo a primeira uma trombose venosa profunda no membro inferior direito; a segunda, de jugular interna esquerda; e, por último, uma trombose da veia cava superior. Abstract in english Venous thrombosis is the main hazard to the vascular system in Behçet's disease. It is a frequent complication throughout the clinical evolution of this illness, which is more associated with the male gender. The authors report the case of a female patient with disease onset 3 years ago, showing ora [...] l and genital ulcers presenting with recurring episodes of venous thrombosis. The first one was a deep venous thrombosis in the right leg; the second was in the left internal jugular vein; and finally a superior vena cava thrombosis.

Otacílio Figueiredo da, Silva Júnior; Ricardo Henrique de Sousa, Araújo; Eutília Andrade Medeiros, Freire; Ronaldo Rangel, Travassos Júnior; Thiago Emanuel Rodrigues, Cavalcante; Tarcísio José Pinheiro, Lucena; Norberto de Castro, Nogueira Neto; Alessandra Vanessa de Albuquerque, Melo.

2006-03-01

12

Vena cava superior syndrome associated with sarcoidosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the first observation of clinical manifestations of vena cava superior syndrome (VCSS) associated with sarcoidosis. Twenty-four years after the first signs of the disease had been noted, mediastinal lymphomas penetrating the wall of the vena cava superior caused complete obstruction. It is most unusual for the vessel wall to be destroyed in this way, which explains why VCSS is often missed in sarcoidosis. The obstructed vessel was resected and successfully replaced by a Gore-Tex prosthesis. The importance of VCSS for the differential diagnosis is pointed out. Two further peculiarities are the simultaneous occurrence of elevated intraocular pressure and VCSS, and the familial incidence. (orig.)

13

Inferior Vena Cava Filter from Left-Sided Superior Vena Cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe the unusual case of a 71-year-old male with a history of deep vein thrombosis and recurrent multiple pulmonary embolism (PE) despite adequate anticoagulation. Computed tomography (CT) and brachiocephalic venography revealed a left-sided superior vena cava. We describe successful placement of an inferior vena cava filter via a left-sided superior vena cava.

14

[Traumatic thrombosis of the inferior vena cava].  

Science.gov (United States)

Traumatic thrombosis of vena cava is rare. Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava diagnosed by uroscanner after blunt abdominal trauma involving the kidney is reported. The Doppler exam confirmed the floating character of the clot. Three days after the initiation of anticoagulant therapy, the thrombus disappeared without any clinical or radiological signs of pulmonary embolism. Fifteen cases of traumatic thrombosis of the inferior vena cava have been described in the literature. Mechanisms, clinical pictures and the management are discussed. PMID:15324965

Mouaffak, Y; Mikou, M M; Benyacob, A; Mosaddek, A; Faroudy, M; Ababou, A; Lazreq, C; Sbihi, A

2004-07-01

15

Veia cava superior esquerda anômala com ausência de veia cava superior direita: achados de imagem Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava: image findings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A persistência da veia cava superior esquerda com ausência da veia cava superior direita é uma anomalia rara, com menos de 150 casos descritos na literatura. A não-obliteração e regressão da veia cardinal anterior esquerda durante o desenvolvimento embriológico promove uma variação sistêmica de retorno venoso ao coração, com persistência da veia cava superior esquerda. Sua incidência varia de 0,3% em pacientes sem alterações cardíacas congênitas concomitantes a 4,3% naqueles com cardiopatias. Na maioria das vezes coexiste a veia cava superior direita, porém se houver regressão e degeneração da veia cardinal anterior direita, implicará a sua ausência e a drenagem venosa para o coração será feita pela veia cava superior esquerda ao átrio direito, através do seio coronariano. Mostramos um caso de um paciente submetido a radiografia de tórax e tomografia computadorizada para avaliação de doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica, tendo como achado a persistência da veia cava superior esquerda com ausência da direita, sem qualquer cardiopatia associada e com a drenagem cardíaca sendo feita, através do seio coronariano, para o átrio direito.Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava is a rare anomaly, with less than 150 cases reported in the literature. Congenitally persistent left superior vena cava is the most common variant of systemic venous return to the heart, resulting embryologically from failure of the left anterior cardinal vein to become obliterated. Its incidence varies from 0.3% in patients with otherwise normal heart to 4.3% in patients with congenital heart disease. In the majority of the patients, a right superior vena cava is present as well, but rarely the right anterior cardinal vein degenerates resulting in the absence of the normal right superior vena cava. The blood from the right side is carried by the persistent left superior vena cava to the right atrium through the coronary sinus. We report the case of a patient with a persistent left superior vena cava and absence of right superior vena cava identified by chance during a chest radiograph and computed tomography examination for investigation of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The patient had no congenital heart disease and the blood from the right side was drained by the persistent left superior vena cava into the right atrium through the coronary sinus.

Cyrillo Rodrigues de Araújo Júnior

2003-10-01

16

Duplication of the superior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report three cases of duplication of the superior vena cava which were demonstrated by radionuclide angiography. Nuclear imaging was performed in order to demonstrate a left-to-right intracardiac shunt. Injection into the left external jugular vein demonstrated the presence of a duplication of the superior vena cava in addition to the presence of a shunt. (orig.)

17

Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

OpenAIRE

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a common disease with significant clinical impact upon our patients. Diagnostic challenges occur because of the nonspecific nature of the presenting symptoms. The advent of multidetector computed tomography, methods to stratify patients into VTE risks (low, intermediate, high) along with serological assays (D-dimers), have helped direct patients through proper workup and into conclusive diagnosis. In most cases, standard medical therapy for VTE is anticoag...

Kinney, Thomas B.

2006-01-01

18

Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement and Removal  

Science.gov (United States)

... Video Clip (00:04:58) Your Radiologist Explains IVC Filter Placement and Removal What is Inferior Vena Cava ... the clot can travel to the lungs. An IVC filter traps large clot fragments and prevents them from ...

19

Filtros de vena cava en pacientes con cáncer / Vena cava filters in cancer patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los pacientes con tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) y cáncer tienen más complicaciones vinculadas al tratamiento anticoagulante que la población general. Los filtros de vena cava constituyen una herramienta útil para el tratamiento del TEV y su utilización es controvertida en estadios avanzados de la enf [...] ermedad. En este trabajo se revisaron las indicaciones, complicaciones y frecuencia de retiro de los filtros de vena cava en una población de pacientes oncológicos con TEV. Se analizaron 27 pacientes a quienes se les había colocado filtros de vena cava. Veinticinco tenían tumores sólidos y dos linfomas no Hodgkin. Veinticinco estaban bajo tratamiento activo (cirugía y/o quimioterapia). Diecinueve se hallaban en estadio IV de su enfermedad. El motivo de su indicación fue profilaxis en el período perioperatorio en 14 casos (51.9%), hemorragia (n = 5), trombocitopenia (n = 4), metástasis en sistema nervioso central (n = 2), accidente cerebrovascular (n = 1) y neurocirugía previa no reciente (n = 1). Se retiraron 8 (29.6%) filtros. La mediana del tiempo de permanencia fue 21 días (6-75). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la frecuencia de retiro entre los filtros colocados en el perioperatorio (6/14) y los colocados por otras contraindicaciones para la anticoagulación (2/13; p = 0.2087). No hubo fracasos ni complicaciones en los procedimientos de colocación y retiro. Abstract in english Cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) have more complications related to the anticoagulation treatment than the general population. Vena cava filters are a useful tool in cancer patients, but their use in advanced disease is controversial. In this paper, we reviewed the indications, comp [...] lications and frequency of retrieval of vena cava filters in cancer patients with VTE. Twenty seven patients with vena cava filter placements were analyzed. Twenty five had solid tumors and two non Hodgkin lymphomas. Twenty five were under active treatment (surgery and/or chemotherapy). Nineteen were classified as stage IV of disease. Indications for filter placement were perioperative prophylaxis in 14 cases (51.9%), hemorrhage (n = 5), thrombocytopenia (n = 4), central nervous system metastases (n = 2), stroke (n = 1) and previous neurosurgery (n = 1). Eight (29.6%) filters were retrieved. The median time to retrieval was 21 days (range: 6-75). There was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of retrieval between perioperative prophylaxis placement (6/14) and other contraindications for anticoagulation treatment (2/13; p = 0.2087). There were no adverse events related to the placement or retrieval procedures.

Fernando A., Díaz Couselo; Silvina, Crerar; Patricia, Cravero; Omar, Santaera; Guillermo, Eisele; Marcelo, Zylberman.

2012-08-01

20

Therapeutic approach to "downhill" esophageal varices bleeding due to superior vena cava syndrome in Behcet's disease: a case report  

Science.gov (United States)

Background One of the rare presentations of superior vena cava syndrome is bleeding of "downhill" esophageal varices (DEV) and different approaches have been used to control it. This is a case report whose DEV was eradicated by band ligation for the first time. Case presentation We report a 42-year-old man who is a known case of Behcet's disease. The patient's first presentation was superior vena cava syndrome due to thrombosis followed by bipolar ulcers and arthralgia. He received warfarin, prednisolone and azathioprine. The clinical course of the patient was complicated by one episode of hematemesis without abdominal pain when the patient's PT was in therapeutic range. After resuscitation and correction of PT with fresh frozen plasma transfusion, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was done. Prominent varices were seen in the upper third of the esophagus, tapering to the middle part without acute bleeding. Stomach and duodenum were normal. Color ultrasonography evaluation of the portal, hepatic and splenic veins was negative for thrombosis. Band ligation was done and the patient's bleeding did not recur. Conclusion Band ligation is a safe and effective method for controlling DEV bleeding in patients with uncorrectable underlying disorders. PMID:17192182

Tavakkoli, Hamid; Asadi, Mehrnaz; Haghighi, Mahshid; Esmaeili, Abbas

2006-01-01

21

[Injury of inferior vena cava].  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of treatment of 102 patients with injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC) were analyzed. The causes of injury were penetrating stab-incised wounds of abdomen (67.5% patients), close trauma (28.2%), gunshot wounds (4.3%). Zone of confluence of iliac veins was injured in 7% patients, infrarenal and renal segments -- in 51.9%, suprarenal -- in 21.5%, supra- and retrohepatic -- in 19.6% patients. Injury of one wall of vein was revealed in 63.7% patients, both walls -- in 14.7%, complete disruption of vessel -- in 7.9%, avulsion or fissure of hepatic veins -- in 13.7%. In 96.2% patients trauma of IVC were associated with injuries of liver (37.2% cases), small intestine (26.4%), stomach (15.6%), pancreas (12.7%), duodenum (10.7%), large intestine (6.8%), and other organs (10.7%). The side suture (83.7%), circular one (5%), ligation of vein (6.2%), grafting (3.8%), and ligation of left hepatic vein (1.3%) were performed. Reconstructive surgery was carried out by general surgeon in 30% patients, and by vascular surgeon -- in 70%. Lethality was 53.9% (55 patients). Lethality after injuries of supra- and retrohepatic segments of IVC was 100%, suprarenal and renal segments -- 60.6%, infrarenal segment -- 30.6%. PMID:16710217

Baeshko, A A; Klimovich, V V; Voevoda, M T; Orlovski?, Iu N; Gornosta?, P V; Iushkevich, V A

2006-01-01

22

IgG4-related sclerosing disease involving the superior vena cava and the atrial septum of the heart.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 55-year-old woman presented with frequent episodes of syncope due to sinus pauses. During ambulatory Holter monitoring, atrial fibrillation and first-degree atrioventricular nodal block were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging and CT scans showed a tumor-like mass from the superior vena cava to the right atrial septum. Open chest cardiac biopsy was performed. The tumor was composed of proliferating IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes with surrounding sclerosis. The patient was diagnosed with IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Because of frequent sinus pauses and syncope, a permanent pacemaker was implanted. The cardiac mass was inoperable, but it did not progress during the one-year follow-up. PMID:23918583

Song, Changho; Koh, Myoung Ju; Yoon, Yong-Nam; Joung, Boyoung; Kim, Se Hoon

2013-09-01

23

Prenatal diagnosis of isolated interrupted inferior vena cava with azygos continuation to superior vena cava  

OpenAIRE

Absence of inferior vena cava is an uncommon congenital abnormality. It is usually associated with other structural anomalies, typically left isomerism. We report a case of interrupted inferior vena cava with azygos continuation diagnosed as an isolated finding during routine prenatal ultrasound scan, confirmed by post-natal echocardiography. Detailed ultrasound examination of the fetal anatomy failed to demonstrate other anomalies. The neonatal course of this fetus was uneventful.

Giang, Do Thi Cam; Rajeesh, Gayatri; Vaidyanathan, Balu

2014-01-01

24

Prenatal diagnosis of isolated interrupted inferior vena cava with azygos continuation to superior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Absence of inferior vena cava is an uncommon congenital abnormality. It is usually associated with other structural anomalies, typically left isomerism. We report a case of interrupted inferior vena cava with azygos continuation diagnosed as an isolated finding during routine prenatal ultrasound scan, confirmed by post-natal echocardiography. Detailed ultrasound examination of the fetal anatomy failed to demonstrate other anomalies. The neonatal course of this fetus was uneventful. PMID:24701087

Giang, Do Thi Cam; Rajeesh, Gayatri; Vaidyanathan, Balu

2014-01-01

25

CONDUCTA EN EL SÍNDROME DE VENA CAVA SUPERIOR (SVCS) / Management in superior vena cava syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Mostrar la conducta realizada en este síndrome. Material y Métodos: Serie retrospectiva de 5 casos tratados entre el 1 de abril de 1995 y el 31 de marzo de 2013. Diagnóstico por imágenes y toma de biopsia con tratamiento específico posterior. Resultados: Todos se debieron a causas tumoral [...] es: 2 timomas (uno irresecable), 1 linfoma Hodgkin, 1 leiomiosarcoma de vena cava y 1 caso de cáncer pulmonar a pequeñas células. Fallecieron por progresión de enfermedad 2 casos, 2 están libres de enfermedad a 12 y 11 meses de tratamiento y 1 enfermo se perdió en el seguimiento. Conclusiones: Se define la necesidad de seguir un algoritmo que determine los pasos a seguir ante la presencia de este síndrome. Abstract in english Objectives: Management in this syndrome. Material and Methods: Retrospective series of 5 cases treated between April 1, 1995 to March 31, 2013. Diagnostic imaging and taking biopsy with subsequent specific treatment. Results: All patients were due to tumor causes: 2 thymomas (one unresectable), 1 ly [...] mphoma Hodgkin, 1 Leiomyosarcoma of vena cava and 1 case of small cell lung cancer. Died of disease progression 2 cases, 2 are free of disease to 12 and 11 months of treatment and 1 patient was lost to follow-up. Conclusions: The need to follow an algorithm which determines the steps to follow in the presence of this syndrome is defined.

Eduardo, Arribalzaga F; Marcos, Aguirre V; Cristian, Corchuelo P.

2014-02-01

26

Radiographic evaluation of caudal vena cava size as a useful parameter for the diagnosis of heart disease in dairy cattle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To quantify the radiographic parameters of the caudal vena cava (CVC) in healthy cattle and demonstrate their clinical usefulness, the present study compared the ratios of the diameter of the thoracic CVC to the diameter of the aorta (Ao) and length of the thoracic vertebrae (VL), which are all positioned in the same intercostal space, in 81 healthy control cattle (43 growing, 38 adult) and 10 cattle with heart disease. The average diameter of the CVC (CVCave) was correlated with the size of the Ao and VL in the control cows. Although the diameter and pulsation index of the CVC differed significantly between the growing and adult cows, the ratios of CVC/Ao and CVC/VL were fixed values for both the growing and mature cattle. However, in the cattle with heart disease, the pulsation index of the CVC was significantly lower or there was absence of pulsation due to a dilated CVC, and the ratio of CVCave/Ao and CVCave/VL were significantly higher than those in the healthy cattle

27

Magnetic resonance of the inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

MRI was performed in 54 patients with abnormalities of the inferior vena cava (IVC). These included 16 patients with extrinsic IVC compression, 32 patients with intrinsic IVC abnormalities, and 6 patients with IVC dilatation. All patients had spin-echo imaging, and 21 had MR angiography. While presaturated spin-echo images showed intrinsic lesions to advantage, collateral vessels were best appreciated with MR angiography. The IVC is well evaluated with MRI techniques. PMID:1564987

Colletti, P M; Oide, C T; Terk, M R; Boswell, W D

1992-01-01

28

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vascular leiomyosarcoma (LMS are unique. The inferior vena cava (IVC is the most affected organ (about 38% cases. We report the observation of a 50-year old woman who consulted for right upper quadrant pain. Imaging studies revealed a retroperitoneal mass that mimic a LMS of the IVC. The patient was operated. A resection of the IVC along with the tumor was performed without reconstruction. The management of LMS is surgical and depends upon the location and tumor characteristics.

Ben Abid Sadri

2013-01-01

29

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vascular leiomyosarcoma (LMS) are unique. The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the most affected organ (about 38% cases). We report the observation of a 50-year old woman who consulted for right upper quadrant pain. Imaging studies revealed a retroperitoneal mass that mimic a LMS of the IVC. The patient was operated. A resection of the IVC along with the tumor was performed without reconstruction. The management of LMS is surgical and depends upon the location and tumor characteristics. PMID:24765501

Sadri, Ben Abid; Amine, Attaoui Mohamed; Zeineb, Mzoughi; Nizar, Miloudi; Lassad, Gharbi; Khalfallah, Mohamed Tahar

2013-01-25

30

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava  

OpenAIRE

Vascular leiomyosarcoma (LMS) are unique. The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the most affected organ (about 38% cases). We report the observation of a 50-year old woman who consulted for right upper quadrant pain. Imaging studies revealed a retroperitoneal mass that mimic a LMS of the IVC. The patient was operated. A resection of the IVC along with the tumor was performed without reconstruction. The management of LMS is surgical and depends upon the location and tumor characteristics.

Ben Abid Sadri; Attaoui Mohamed Amine; Mzoughi Zeineb; Miloudi Nizar; Gharbi Lassad; Mohamed Tahar Khalfallah

2013-01-01

31

Superior Vena Cava Thrombosis in a Case of Lung Adenocarcinoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Superior vena cava syndrome is a common presentation of bronchogenic carcinoma. The mechanism of obstruction is by compression of superior vena cava by the bronchogenic tumor itself or enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. However obstruction due to intravascular thrombosis is extremely uncommon. Here, we report a rare case of a 65-year-old male smoker who presented with superior vena cava syndrome and bilateral pleural and pericardial effusion with thrombotic occlusion of the superior vena cava in adenocarcinoma of the lung. He was given chemotherapy with carboplatin and gemcitabine with anticoagulant therapy.

Santanu Ghosh

2013-01-01

32

Percutaneous insertion of the inferior vena cava filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the effect of inferior vena cava filter for prevention of pulmonary embolus (PE) formation. Methods: Twenty-eight cases of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) were treated with insertion of the inferior vena cava filter. Results: The filter was implanted into inferior vena cava below the rena vein. There were no severe complications occurred in the group. Twenty-seven cases were followed up to 2-34 months, and no migration of the filters were found. And no pulmonary embolism were revealed in fifteen cases without pulmonary thromboembolism. Conclusions: The inferior vena cava filter implantation is a safe and effective method to prevent pulmonary thromboembolism

33

Spiral CT in aplasia of the pre-renal inferior vena cava as a cause of phlebothrombosis from the femoral veins to the inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case report focuses on the computed tomography of the thrombotic okklusion of the inferior vena cava, venae iliacae and femorales communes due to congenital interruption of the prerenal inferior vena cava. The embryology of the abnormality was discussed. (orig.)

34

Retroperitoneal arteriovenous malformation extending through the inferior vena cava into the heart and causing inferior vena cava dissection  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a case of retroperitoneal arteriovenous malformation extending through the inferior vena cava into the heart, which was associated with dissection of the inferior vena cava in a 32-year-old female. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a double-lumen inferior vena cava and a rod-like solid component attached to a sac-like lesion in the right heart chambers. Digital subtraction angiography showed an arteriovenous malformation draining to the inner lumen of the inferior vena cava. (orig.)

Sung, Yon Mi [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Seoul (Korea); Choe, Yeon Hyeon [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Seoul (Korea); Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea); Park, Seung Woo [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea); Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Seoul (Korea); Park, Pyo Won [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea); Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul (Korea); Sung, Chang Ohk [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Seoul (Korea)

2005-06-01

35

Palliative treatment of superior vena cava syndrome with nitinol stents.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes following nitinol stent placement for malignant superior vena cava syndrome. A total of 25 patients with thoracic malignancies were treated with self-expanding nitinol stents for superior vena cava syndrome (E*Luminexx [Bard GmbH/Angiomed, Karlsruhe, Germany], Sinus-XL [OptiMed Medizinische Instrumente GmbH, Ettlingen, Germany], and Zilver Vena [Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, IN]). It was seen that the procedural success rate was 76% with all stents deployed as intended and no procedure-related complications but in five patients with 50% residual stenosis and one patient with stent occlusion within 48 hours after stent deployment. Stent occlusion occurred in further two patients during follow-up: one patient developed infection, thrombosis, and occlusion in the stent seen at 2-month follow-up, and one patient had stent occlusion at 4-month follow-up. The clinical success rate was 96%. Stent compression leading to a greater than 50% reduction in stent diameter was observed in three patients at follow-up. Overall 22 patients died at a mean follow-up of 3.5 months for reasons related to their underlying malignancy. It was concluded that the stent treatment for superior vena cava syndrome is a safe treatment with good clinical effect in patients with superior vena cava syndrome in the terminal phase of malignant disease. In this small patient population, no trends were observed which would suggest that outcomes vary by stent type, though additional, large-scale studies are needed. PMID:25484557

Andersen, Poul Erik; Duvnjak, Stevo

2014-12-01

36

Inferior Vena Cava Anomaly: A Risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: Inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies have a 0.5% incidence rate and could be associated with other congenital abnormalities. In later stage of the disease, trophic ulcers with or without deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is consistent finding. Case Report: A 29-year-old male patient presented with recurrent lower extremity ulcers. Further workup revealed an absent infrahepatic inferior vena cava, prominently dilated azygos and hemiazygos veins with enlarged retroperitoneal collaterals without DVT. Conclusion: IVC anomaly should be suspected in a young patient presenting with unexplained venous thrombosis and recurrent ulcers of a lower extremity. IVC anomaly would inherently lead to blood flow stasis and endothelial injury. Thus per Virchow's triad, other risk factors for hypercoagulability such as physical inactivity, smoking tobacco, oral contraceptive pills should be avoided and when hereditary thrombophilias or other irreversible risk factors are present, lifelong anticoagulation should be considered. PMID:25535612

Sitwala, Puja S; Ladia, Vatsal M; Brahmbhatt, Parag B; Jain, Vinay; Bajaj, Kailash

2014-01-01

37

Clinical application and advancement of inferior vena cava filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Deep venous thrombosis is a common disorder, with a considerably high incidence and mortality. Inferior vena cava filter provides fruitful means in decrease and prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism. The authors reviewed the history, indications and applications of inferior vena cava filter for different types of deep venous thrombosis, with outlook of future trends. (authors)

38

Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava: morphological CT features and clinical implications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we report a rare case of the persisting left superior vena cava with simultaneous absence of the right superior vena cava. This central venous variation has been identified during a routine chest CT scan as follow-up after colonic cancer in an asymptomatic patient with no previous history of heart diseases. Morphological features of this variation are illustrated on axial CT images and 3D image reconstructions. This anomaly occurs in 0.1% of the general population. In presence with the right superior vena cava it is the most common anatomical variation in the central venous system with a reported occurrence of 0.2-8%. Such condition can be associated with additional congenital cardiovascular malformations and heart diseases or rhythm abnormalities. Diagnosis can be difficult and is often achieved incidentally since hemodynamics in these patients can be normal and clinical symptoms are mostly absent. Important clinical implications include difficulties in central venous access or cardiac pacemaker placement as well as management consequences in cardiothoracic surgery. In conclusion clinicians should be aware of this anomaly and their clinical relevance to avoid possible complications. PMID:17101181

Heye, Tobias; Wengenroth, Martina; Schipp, Anne; Johannes Dengler, Thomas; Grenacher, Lars; Werner Kauffmann, Günter

2007-04-01

39

Evaluation of superior vena cava syndrome by axial CT and CT phlebography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Transverse axial computed tomography (CT) has been combined with CT digital phlebography to study nine patients with superior vena cava syndrome. Six were due to malignancy, two were secondary to benign disease, and one was a paraneoplastic manifestation. This combined CT approach successfully identified the abnormal morphology of the superior vena cava, demonstrating external compression, encasement, or intraluminal thrombus in all patients and the collateral venous channels in eight. This technique is a rapid, informative, and cost-effective method for the workup of superior vena cava syndrome. The CT digital phlebogram, however, is not successful in regularly and optimally opacifying the normal superior vena cava because of the limited amount of contrast material, dilution effect of the nonopacified incoming flow from the jugular and azygos veins, and the lack of image enhancement from the CT digital scanograms

40

Right superior vena cava draining into the left atrium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The right superior vena cava draining into the left atrium is a rare malformation causing cyanosis and clubbing in patients in whom no other signs of congenital heart defect are present. Diagnosis may be difficult as cyanosis may be mild and the anomaly is not always easily detectable by echocardiography. For this reason we report a 13-month-old male in whom we confirmed the clinical and echocardiographic suspicion of anomalous drainage of the right superior vena cava using multidetector CT. This allowed successful surgical reconnection of the right superior vena cava to the right atrium. (orig.)

Calcagni, Giulio; Sidi, Daniel; Bonnet, Damien [University Rene Descartes-Paris 5, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris (France); Batisse, Alain [Institut de Puericulture et de Perinatalogie, Paris (France); Vouhe, Pascal [University Rene Descartes-Paris 5, Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris (France); Ou, Phalla [University Rene Descartes-Paris 5, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris (France); University Rene Descartes-Paris 5, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris (France)

2008-08-15

41

Traumatismos de veia cava inferior / Inferior vena cava injuries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência, o perfil clínico e as estratégias operatórias dos ferimentos de Veia Cava Inferior (VCI). MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 76 doentes com ferimento de VCI atendidos nos dois prontossocorros de Manaus, no período de janeiro de 1997 a julho [...] de 2002. Mecanismo de lesão, mortalidade, estado hemodinâmico, índice de trauma abdominal penetrante (PATI), achados intra-operatórios e conduta cirúrgica foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e nove (65%) doentes sofreram lesão por arma branca, 26 (34%) por arma de fogo e um por traumatismo abdominal fechado. Quarenta e um (54%) doentes sobreviveram. Quase todos chegaram acordados, entretanto 40% estavam hipotensos (pressão arterial sistólica Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC) require immediate and definitive action. Our objective is to evaluate the incidence, the clinical findings and the operative approach to IVC injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 76 patients with IVC injuries treated in two Emergency Hospitals [...] of Manaus, AM, Brazil, from January 1997 to July 2002. Mechanisms of injuries, mortality, hemodynamic status, penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI), intraoperative findings and surgical approach were among assessed data. RESULTS: Fourty-nine patients (65%) had stab wounds, 26 (34%) gunshot wounds, and one had blunt abdominal trauma. Fourty-one (54%) patients survived. Almost all patients entered the emergency room awake, although 40% were hypotensive (systolic blood pressure

Cleinaldo de Almeida, Costa; José Carlos Costa, Baptista-Silva; Lana Márcia Esteves, Rodrigues; Fabiana Lo Presti, Mendonça; Thiago Silveira, Paiva; Emil, Burihan.

2005-10-01

42

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and its tributaries are increasingly recognized in asymptomatic patients due to the more frequent use of cross-sectional imaging and computed tomography (CT) in particular. IVC development is a complex process involving formation of anastomoses between three pairs of embryonic veins in the 4th to 8th week of gestation. Various permutations occur in the basic venous plan of the abdomen and pelvis resulting in variants such as isolated left IVC, double IVC, and retroaortic left renal vein. The majority of these anomalies are asymptomatic but occasionally present clinically with thromboembolic complications. However, awareness of their existence is important to avoid important diagnostic pitfalls and in preoperative surgical and interventional radiological planning.

43

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and its tributaries are increasingly recognized in asymptomatic patients due to the more frequent use of cross-sectional imaging and computed tomography (CT) in particular. IVC development is a complex process involving formation of anastomoses between three pairs of embryonic veins in the 4th to 8th week of gestation. Various permutations occur in the basic venous plan of the abdomen and pelvis resulting in variants such as isolated left IVC, double IVC, and retroaortic left renal vein. The majority of these anomalies are asymptomatic but occasionally present clinically with thromboembolic complications. However, awareness of their existence is important to avoid important diagnostic pitfalls and in preoperative surgical and interventional radiological planning.

Malaki, M., E-mail: mbmv@doctors.org.uk [Department of Clinical Radiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Willis, A.P.; Jones, R.G. [Department of Clinical Radiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

2012-02-15

44

Compression of the Superior Vena Cava by a Mediastinal Lipoma  

OpenAIRE

Lipomas are rarely found in the mediastinum. Although they may reach large proportions, they rarely compress vascular structures. We present a case in which a lipoma produced superior vena cava syndrome. Urgent surgical decompression was required.

Del Campo, Carlos; Mpougas, Panagiotis P.

2000-01-01

45

Compression of the superior vena cava by a mediastinal lipoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lipomas are rarely found in the mediastinum. Although they may reach large proportions, they rarely compress vascular structures. We present a case in which a lipoma produced superior vena cava syndrome. Urgent surgical decompression was required. PMID:11093417

Del Campo, C; Mpougas, P P

2000-01-01

46

Inferior vena cava filter penetration into right proximal ureter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter penetration into the renal collecting system is an infrequent event. We report a case of IVC filter penetration into the right proximal ureter resulting in gross hematuria, hydronephrosis and stone formation. PMID:24529023

Sherman, Christopher M; Rao, Sandhya R; Talluri, Sriharsha; Dwivedi, Amit J; Ankem, Murali K

2014-02-01

47

Terapia endovascular en el sindrome de vena cava superior: caso clínico Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome: Report of one case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The treatment of superior vena cava syndrome is usually oriented to the underlying cause, that can be too slow in emergency cases. We report a 49 years old woman with a multiple myeloma that was admitted due to a superior vena cava syndrome caused by a central venous catheter used for chemotherapy for 20 weeks. She was successfully treated with thrombolysis, angioplasty and stent placement. The patient died 7 months later due to the underlying disease. Long term catheters are the responsible for 20 to 30% of superior vena cava syndromes. Endovascular treatment of the syndrome is successful in 60 to 100% of cases with a symptomatic relapse in 4 to 45% of patients. (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 421-6

Camilo Boza W

2001-04-01

48

Venous Thromboembolism After Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of new or recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) after retrieval of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters and risk factors associated with such recurrence. Between March 2001 and September 2008, at our institution, implanted retrievable vena cava filters were retrieved in 76 patients. The incidence of new or recurrent VTE after retrieval was reviewed and numerous variables were analyzed to assess risk factors for redevelopment of VTE after fil...

Yamagami, Takuji; Tanaka, Osamu; Yoshimatsu, Rika; Miura, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Tsunehiko

2009-01-01

49

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Following Central Venous Cannulation  

OpenAIRE

Superior vena cava syndrome caused by blockage of the vein that carries blood from the head, neck, chest, and arms to the heart may occur due to various etiologies including thrombosis, occlusion and pressure on the superior vena cava. Foreign instruments in the vein, infections and also intimae injuries can lead to venacaval thrombosis . One of the most common causes of caval thrombosis is central venous catheterization for fluid administration and hemodialysis. This report presents an 8 yea...

Javan, H.; Abbasi, M.; Soltani, G.; Karamroudi, A.

2009-01-01

50

Penetrating injuries of the abdominal inferior vena cava.  

OpenAIRE

This is a retrospective study of 74 patients with penetrating injuries of the abdominal inferior vena cava; the cause of injury was gunshot in 91% and stabbing in 9%. Of the patients, 77% underwent lateral venorrhaphy, 5% underwent infrarenal ligation of the inferior vena cava (IVC), and 18% died perioperatively before any caval repair could be carried out. There was an overall perioperative mortality of 39%. Persistent shock, the site of the venous injury, particularly in the retrohepatic po...

Degiannis, E.; Velmahos, G. C.; Levy, R. D.; Souter, I.; Benn, C. A.; Saadia, R.

1996-01-01

51

Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma invading the inferior vena cava: Using a temporary vena cava filter to prevent tumour emboli during nephrectomy  

OpenAIRE

Angiomyolipoma (AML) is generally considered to be benign and malignant angiomyolipoma is rare. This paper presents an extremely rare case of epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava who underwent radical nephrectomy and IVC thrombectomy. As an adjunctive procedure, a temporary IVC filter was placed in suprarenal position before operation. One week af...

Li, Xiang; Liu, Runming; He, Dalin

2014-01-01

52

Traumatismos de veia cava inferior Inferior vena cava injuries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência, o perfil clínico e as estratégias operatórias dos ferimentos de Veia Cava Inferior (VCI. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 76 doentes com ferimento de VCI atendidos nos dois prontossocorros de Manaus, no período de janeiro de 1997 a julho de 2002. Mecanismo de lesão, mortalidade, estado hemodinâmico, índice de trauma abdominal penetrante (PATI, achados intra-operatórios e conduta cirúrgica foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e nove (65% doentes sofreram lesão por arma branca, 26 (34% por arma de fogo e um por traumatismo abdominal fechado. Quarenta e um (54% doentes sobreviveram. Quase todos chegaram acordados, entretanto 40% estavam hipotensos (pressão arterial sistólica BACKGROUND: Injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC require immediate and definitive action. Our objective is to evaluate the incidence, the clinical findings and the operative approach to IVC injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 76 patients with IVC injuries treated in two Emergency Hospitals of Manaus, AM, Brazil, from January 1997 to July 2002. Mechanisms of injuries, mortality, hemodynamic status, penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI, intraoperative findings and surgical approach were among assessed data. RESULTS: Fourty-nine patients (65% had stab wounds, 26 (34% gunshot wounds, and one had blunt abdominal trauma. Fourty-one (54% patients survived. Almost all patients entered the emergency room awake, although 40% were hypotensive (systolic blood pressure < 70 mmHg, and the penetrating abdominal trauma index average was above 40. At laparotomy, active retroperitoneal bleeding or an expanding retroperitoneal hematoma were detected in all cases. Caval injury was retro-hepatic in 21 patients, and infrahepatic in the other 55. The prevailing surgical approach was lateral repair in 65 patients. Atrial-caval shunting was tried in six patients, with only three survivals. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that IVC injury remains a highly lethal injury and there is a close relationship with urban violence. This study emphasizes that successful outcome depends on prompt volume restoration, avoidance of hypothermia and a stratified selective surgical approach.

Cleinaldo de Almeida Costa

2005-10-01

53

Concomitant pulmonary arteriovenous and inferior vena cava malformations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of pulmonary arterio-venous malformation (AVM) presenting with dyspnoea diagnosed by computer tomography (CT) and pulmonary angiography is reported. Venous anomalies in the form of agenesis of the iliac veins and the inferior vena cava (IVC), were discovered through femoral venograms performed after technical difficulties were encountered at pulmonary angiography performed via the femoral route. These venous anomalies co-existed with normal but dilated azygos and hemiazygos systems, and with the azygos appearing as a right hilar mass lesion which showed the 'candy cane sign' on the lateral view on venography. A dilated varix at the confluence of the right renal vein and the IVC collaterals was also noted. This association of a pulmonary AVM and IVC agenesis has not been previously reported in the literature. The embryogenesis of the inferior vena cava and the azygos system is presented in an attempt to explain the rare association of these anomalies. The various techniques of diagnosing the disease entities, expecially by CT, are discussed. The rare co-existence of pulmonary AVM and the absence of the IVC is emphasized. (orig.)

54

Neuroimaging findings in neonates and infants from superior vena cava obstruction after cardiac operation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus may develop after superior vena cava obstruction, an uncommon complication after cardiac surgery.Objective. To describe the neuroimaging findings in neonates and infants with superior vena cava thrombosis after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease.Materials and methods. Between 1993 and 2001, 333 neonates and infants in our hospital underwent cardiac surgery, of whom 13 (3.9%) subsequently acquired superior vena cava syndrome. Eleven of these 13 children (7 boys, 4 girls) were evaluated by head ultrasound and computed tomography scans.Results. One child had normal findings on head ultrasound, and 10 children had extraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus (EVOH). In 6 children, aggravation of the hydrocephalus was noted up to 11.4 months after cardiac surgery; in 3 of them, the hydrocephalus was shunted to the peritoneum. One child had thrombosis of the dural sinuses, and 1 had hemorrhagic infarction. Two children died during follow-up.Conclusion. EVOH is a common complication of superior vena cava thrombosis, and head ultrasound should be performed in all neonates and infants with superior vena cava thrombosis after cardiac surgery. Long-term follow-up is needed, as the hydrocephalus may worsen even months after surgery. (orig.)

55

Banked Vena Caval Homograft Replacement of the Inferior Vena Cava for Primary Leiomyocsarcoma  

OpenAIRE

Primary leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare malignant tumor. Herein, we report the case of a 52-year-old male patient who had postprandial abdominal distension and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. The abdominal computed tomography (CT) angiogram showed an IVC mass extending from the infrahepatic to the suprarenal inferior vena cava. The radiologic findings were suggestive of an IVC leiomyosarcoma. Surgical resection and reconstruction with a cryopreserved homograft we...

Lim, Jae Hong; Sohn, Suk Ho; Sung, Yong Won; Moon, Hyeon Jong; Choi, Jae-sung; Oh, Se Jin

2014-01-01

56

Imaging evaluation of the inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

The inferior vena cava (IVC) is an essential but often overlooked structure at abdominal imaging. It is associated with a wide variety of congenital and pathologic processes and can be a source of vital information for referring clinicians. Initial evaluation of the IVC is most likely to occur at computed tomography performed for another indication. Many routine abdominal imaging protocols may result in suboptimal evaluation of the IVC; however, techniques to assist in specific evaluation of the IVC can be used. In this article, the authors review the spectrum of IVC variants and pathologic processes and the relevant findings from magnetic resonance imaging, angiography, sonography, and positron emission tomography. Embryologic development of the IVC and examples of congenital IVC variants, such as absence, duplication, left-sided location, azygous or hemiazygous continuation, and web formation, are described. The authors detail IVC involvement in Wilms tumor, leiomyosarcoma, adrenal cortical carcinoma, testicular carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and other neoplasms, as well as postsurgical, traumatic, and infectious entities (including filter malposition, mesocaval shunt, and septic thrombophlebitis). The implications of these entities for patient treatment and instances in which specific details should be included in the dictated radiology report are highlighted. Furthermore, the common pitfalls of IVC imaging are discussed. The information provided in this review will allow radiologists to detect and accurately characterize IVC abnormalities to guide clinical decision making and improve patient care. (©)RSNA, 2015. PMID:25763740

Smillie, Richard P; Shetty, Monisha; Boyer, Andrew C; Madrazo, Beatrice; Jafri, Syed Zafar

2015-01-01

57

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Following Central Venous Cannulation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Superior vena cava syndrome caused by blockage of the vein that carries blood from the head, neck, chest, and arms to the heart may occur due to various etiologies including thrombosis, occlusion and pressure on the superior vena cava. Foreign instruments in the vein, infections and also intimae injuries can lead to venacaval thrombosis . One of the most common causes of caval thrombosis is central venous catheterization for fluid administration and hemodialysis. This report presents an 8 years-old girl with chronic benign superior vena cava syndrome related to the long-term use of central venous catheters for hemodialysis. Treatment included resection of the obstructed segment and repair of the superior vena cava with an autologous pericardial patch.Reconstruction with an autologous pericardial patch without bypass of superior vena cava to right atrium is a safe and simple method but more importantly it is preferable and easier to prevent these events by simple nursing care in dialysis unit to secure the dialysis access.

H Javan

2009-09-01

58

Computed tomographic evaluation of the renal vein and inferior vena cava in renal cell carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Renal cell carcinoma not rarely invades the renal vein and inferior vena cava with formation of tumor thrombus. On the other hand, congenital anomalies of these venous channels are occasionally encountered. At the time of surgery of renal cell carcinoma, therefore, preoperative evaluation of the renal vein and inferior vena cava is desirable. In 22 cases of renal cell carcinoma treated at the Jikei University Hospital during 16 months period from Jan. 1979 to apr. 1980, the ranal vein and inferior vena cava were examined by computed tomography (CT). Intravenous tumor thrombus was diagnosed in 4, double inferior vena cava in one and retroaortic left renal vein in one. All these CT diagnosis were confirmed to be correct by surgery. Three of tumor thrombus cases showed involvement of inferior vena cava. CT findings included dilated vein in 4 and filling defect after contrast enhancement in 2. In double inferior vena cava, CT at the level of the upper pole of kidney showed the left inferior vena cava traversing in front of the aorta and conjoining the left inferior vena cava, CT at the level of renal vein the left renal vein draining into the left inferior vena cava and CT at the lower level two round inferior vena cava with the aorta between them. It was a diagnostically useful finding that the left inferior vena cava was markedly stained in CT after contrast enhancement jestas the aorta and the right inferior vena cava. In retroaortic left renal vein, CT showed the leftaortic left renal vein, CT showed the left renal vein running behind the aorta and draining into the inferior vena cava. Preoperative information on congenital anomalies of the renal vein and inferior vena cava or tumor thrombus and its extension are very important particularly for radical surgery to be conducted safely without postoperative complications. Computed tomography is quite useful in evaluation of morbid state of the renal vein and inferior vena cava. (author)

59

Primary lung lymphoma involving the superior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Primary lung lymphoma (PLL presenting as a primary pulmonary lesion is rare and usually affects elderly people. Here we describe a 25-year-old Chinese man diagnosed with primary lung lymphoma, which presented as a huge lung tumor mimicking a primary lung cancer and involving the superior vena cava. He underwent double-sleeve reconstructions of bronchus and pulmonary arteries with right upper- and middle-lobe lobectomy along with replacement of the superior vena cava with a graft, and was then given standard chemotherapy of CHOP plus Rituximab. The patient has been well, showing no local recurrence or distal metastasis during a 27-month follow-up.

Wei Sen

2012-06-01

60

New percutaneous and retrieval vena cava catheter filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reports a new percutaneous and retrievable vena cava filter assessed. The authors used the Seldinger technique for percutaneous insertion of the 10-F catheter filter through the right internal jugular vein with fluoroscopic guidance. The authors used fibrinolytic agents (streptokinase) by direct infusion through the catheter filter. Venocavography and pulmonary angiography were performed at day 5 and day 10 before removal of the catheter filter at the patient's bed. This vena cava percutaneous filter was made for use by radiologists, interventional cardiologists, and staff of intensive care units. The compilation rate for this technique was low

61

Vena cava superior izquierda persistente asociada con cardiopatías congénitas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La persistencia de la vena cava superior izquierda asociada con cardiopatías congénitas suele ser un hallazgo benigno, sin repercusión hemodinámica ni quirúrgica. Sin embargo, en ocasiones su presencia puede constituir una entidad fisiopatológica que requiere tratamiento o conducir a modificaciones en las técnicas quirúrgicas utilizadas para otras malformaciones. Estas situaciones en las que la presencia de la vena cava superior izquierda requiere un abordaje quirúrgico específico son motivo de revisión en el presente trabajo. Asimismo, se comenta una técnica quirúrgica original utilizada en estos pacientes, y recientemente comunicada por nuestro grupo, en relación con cada una de las diferentes presentaciones anatómicas.

Florentino J. Vargas

2008-01-01

62

Liver trauma and transection of the inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT of a child with severe liver trauma due to a seat belt injury demonstrated avulsion of a portion of the lateral segment of the left lobe of the liver. The location of nondependent extravasated contrast material aided in identification of the visceral fracture site (the sentinel contrast sign). Associated transection of the inferior vena cava was evidenced by hypoatenuating zones adjacent to all the major hepatic veins and vena cava (hepatic perivenous tracking). Recognition of these two signs is important so that the radiologist can help the surgeon select the optimal operative approach. (orig.)

63

Bilateral inferior vena cava filter insertion in a patient with duplication of the infrarenal vena cava.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter insertion is a commonly performed procedure for indications such as recurrent pulmonary emboli or contraindication to anticoagulation. Symptomatic duplication of the IVC is exceedingly rare with only a handful of cases being described in the literature. AIM: We report an unusual case of a patient with symptomatic duplication of the IVC. RESULT: A 53-year-old woman presented at our hospital for resection of a cerebral metastasis from a non-small cell lung cancer following a recent diagnosis of bilateral lower limb deep venous thrombosis. This required perioperative reversal of anticoagulation and IVC filter insertion. Conventional venography performed during filter insertion documented the existence of a duplicated IVC. CONCLUSION: We present a case of a symptomatic duplication of the IVC requiring filter insertion. We review the developmental anatomy of the IVC along with the diagnostic findings and management strategies available.

Leong, S

2010-06-19

64

Síndrome de veia cava superior Superior vena cava syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A obstrução ao fluxo sanguíneo na VCS e suas manifestações clínicas têm hoje como causa principal o câncer de pulmão. A história relata que no século XVIII a sífilis e a tuberculose eram responsáveis por 40% dos casos conhecidos. O conhecimento das alterações hemodinâmicas compreendidas nesta síndrome assim como a apuração das técnicas de diagnóstico de imagem e de citopatologia permitem hoje que o médico possa tratar de seu paciente com mais segurança e conforto do que há 10 anos. A TC contrastada e a RM auxiliam no diagnóstico de localização da obstrução e técnicas mais antigas como a cavografia puderam ser abandonadas. O diagnóstico de obstrução da VCS e o estudo por Doppler realizado à beira do leito em muito contribuem para a realização de procedimentos de desobstrução como a angioplastia transluminal percutânea nos casos de trombose ou estenose do vaso. Também a utilização de próteses como PTFE é de importância fundamental na condução de casos de lesão traumática da VCS durante cirurgias para câncer pulmonar ou mediastinal. No campo da radioterapia, a técnica de fracionamento permite que altas doses de irradiação sejam administradas aos pacientes portadores de neoplasias malignas, com benefícios em 70% dos casos.Lung cancer is now the main cause of blood flow obstruction in the superior vena cava and of its clinical manifestations. History tells that in the 18th Century, syphilis and tuberculosis were responsible for 40% of the known cases. The knowledge of hemodynamic changes seen in this syndrome and the improvement of diagnostic and cytopathologic techniques allow for a safer and more comfortable treatment of the patient than 10 years ago. Contrast CT and MR added to the identification and location of the obstruction, and older techniques such as cavography could be abandoned. SVC obstruction diagnosis and Doppler studies carried out at the bed of the patient contribute to deobstruction procedures such as transluminal percutaneous angioplasty in cases of thrombosis and venous stenosis. In addition, the use of prostheses is of great importance in the management of cases utilization of traumatic lesion to the SVC during lung or mediastinal cancer surgeries. In the realm of radiotherapy, the fractionating technique allows for the administration of high doses of irradiation to cancer patients with benefits to 70% of the cases on the average.

SAMUEL ZUÍNGLIO DE BIASI CORDEIRO

2002-09-01

65

Intrahepatic venous collaterals in obstruction of the inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case of a 46-year-old female patient with an intrahepatic venous shunt and a congenital occlusion of the inferior vena cava in the hepatic segment is taken as an example to explain the diagnostic efficiency of the diagnostic methods of sonography, CT, magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography. (orig./MG)

66

Asymptomatic Lumbar Vertebral Erosion from Inferior Vena Cava Filter Perforation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 2002, a 24-year-old female trauma patient underwent prophylactic inferior vena cava filter placement. Recurrent bouts of renal stones prompted serial CT imaging in 2004. In this brief report, we describe erosion and ossification of the L3 vertebral body by a Greenfield filter strut

67

Duodenal perforation caused by an inferior vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

The inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is known as an effective and safe method for preventing fatal pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis. Usually, the remaining IVC filters are asymptomatic and do not cause clinical problems. We report a case of duodenal perforation caused by a remaining IVC filter. PMID:22363914

Bae, Mi Ju; Chung, Sung Woon; Lee, Chung Won; Kim, Sangpil; Song, Seunghwan

2012-02-01

68

Duodenal Perforation Caused by an Inferior Vena Cava Filter  

OpenAIRE

The inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is known as an effective and safe method for preventing fatal pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis. Usually, the remaining IVC filters are asymptomatic and do not cause clinical problems. We report a case of duodenal perforation caused by a remaining IVC filter.

Bae, Mi Ju; Chung, Sung Woon; Lee, Chung Won; Kim, Sangpil; Song, Seunghwan

2012-01-01

69

Leiomiosarcoma de la vena cava inferior: reporte de un caso y revision de la literatura / Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: a case report and review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los sarcomas originados en las paredes de los grandes vasos son tumores de escasa presentación. El leiomiosarcoma de la vena cava es una enfermedad compleja que requiere ser manejado por un grupo multidisciplinario. Su tratamiento es quirúrgico. Poco se conoce de sus resultados oncológicos. Se prese [...] nta el caso de una paciente de 56 años, con diagnóstico de leiomiosarcoma de la vena cava inferior, su evaluación, manejo quirúrgico y seguimiento a corto plazo. Se hace una revisión de la literatura existente hasta la fecha, evaluando además la fisiopatología y la necesidad de reconstruir la vena cava inferior. Abstract in english Sarcomas Sarcomas originating in the walls of the large vessels are tumors of unusual presentation. Leiomyosarcoma of the vena cava is a complex disease that needs to be managed by a multidisciplinary team. Its management is surgical. Little is known of their oncologic results. We report the case of [...] a 56 year-old patient, diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava, including her evaluation, surgical management, and short-term follow-up. An updated review of the literature is presented, along with an evaluation of the pathophysiology and the need for reconstruction of the inferior vena cava.

Mauricio, García; Oscar, Messa; Diana, Ríos; Hector, López; Javier, Canedo.

2014-01-01

70

Manejo exitoso con stent en un prematuro con síndrome de vena cava superior: Reporte de caso / Successful management with stent in a premature infant with superior vena cava syndrome: A case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de vena cava superior en la infancia es una complicación inusual al uso de catéter venoso central en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. Otras causas en niños son la cirugía para enfermedades congénitas del corazón la cual ocupa la mayoría de los casos, y los linfomas, que const [...] ituyen la segunda causa más frecuente de obstrucción. Se describe el caso de un recién nacido prematuro de 25 semanas, con síndrome de vena cava superior secundario al uso de catéter venoso central para manejo de sepsis. Se destaca la importancia de un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz. Así mismo, se reporta el manejo exitoso con stent para el síndrome de vena cava superior. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome in infancy is an unusual complication of the use of central venous catheters in neonatal intensive care unit. Other causes of this syndrome in children are surgery for congenital heart disease which accounts for most of the cases, and lymphomas, that constitute the second [...] most common cause of obstruction. We describe the case of a premature infant born at 25 weeks with superior vena cava syndrome secondary to a central venous catheter for management of sepsis. The importance of early diagnosis and treatment is highlighted. We also report the successful management with stenting for superior vena cava syndrome.

Jhon J, Gómez; Ernesto, Vallejo; María A, Palma; Juan P, Rojas.

2012-08-01

71

Injuries of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava and the liver  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Beckground. Injuries of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava, and the liver have mortality rate up to 71-78%. We presented a patient with combined injury of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava, liver, craniocerebral and thoracic traumas, inflicted in a traffic accident. Case report. Man, 20 years old has been injured in a traffic accident. At admission, 20 minutes after the injury, the patient was comatose and hypotensive. Bloody content was obtained by abdominal tracer. The patient underwent emergent laparotomy, utilizing trifurcated incision and cell saver device. Abdominal exploration revealed two liters of free blood and massive retroperitoneal hematoma. Manual compression of the liver was done, as well as perihepatic packing, complete hepatic vascular exclusion and mobilization of the right liver lobe. Due to impressive chemodynamic instability supraceliac aortic clamping was performed. Upon exposure of the retrohepatic inferior vena cava and right liver lobe, multiple lacerations of retrohepatic inferior vena cava and right hepatic vein, and right hepatic vein avulsion were found. We also identified an injury of VII and VIII segments of the liver (grade V according to the Moore's classification. Nonexpansive hepatoduodenal ligament hematoma and the injury of II and III segments of the liver group II/III according to Moore were found. Venorrhaphy of the inferior vena cava was done in the area of circumference of the right hepatic vein, a portion of which served as autologous vein patch. Continuous prolene 3/0 venorrhaphy of the distal caval laceration was done. Total caval and aorta clamping time of the inferior vena cava was 41 minutes. Atypical resection, debridment, of hepatic segments was done by using a harmonic scalpel. Hepatoduodenal ligament was declamped after 65 minutes. Fibrin glue was applied on the resectioned area of liver. The patient received 3.2 l of autologuos blood transfusion with 5 units of packed red blood cells, 6 units of fresh frozen plasma, 13 units of concentrated thrombocytes and 15 units of cryoprecipitates. Due to coagulopathy, factor rVIIa was administered. Bilateral toracal drainage was done. Small bilateral contusions of the frontal part of the brain were noticed but the patient successfully recovered and was dismissed after three weeks. Conclusion. Combined injuries of the inferior vena cava and the liver befall into the most complex vascular traumas, thus representing a challenge for any complete medical team to manage them. The patient presented in our study was urgently transported to the hospital, immediately operated on applying modern doctrines of anesthesiology, transfusiology and vascular surgery that, all together, resulted into favorable treatment outcome with no distant complications.

Koprivica Radenko

2008-01-01

72

Advanced techniques for removal of retrievable inferior vena cava filters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have proven valuable for the prevention of primary or recurrent pulmonary embolism in selected patients with or at high risk for venous thromboembolic disease. Their use has become commonplace, and the numbers implanted increase annually. During the last 3 years, in the United States, the percentage of annually placed optional filters, i.e., filters than can remain as permanent filters or potentially be retrieved, has consistently exceeded that of permanent filters. In parallel, the complications of long- or short-term filtration have become increasingly evident to physicians, regulatory agencies, and the public. Most filter removals are uneventful, with a high degree of success. When routine filter-retrieval techniques prove unsuccessful, progressively more advanced tools and skill sets must be used to enhance filter-retrieval success. These techniques should be used with caution to avoid damage to the filter or cava during IVC retrieval. This review describes the complex techniques for filter retrieval, including use of additional snares, guidewires, angioplasty balloons, and mechanical and thermal approaches as well as illustrates their specific application. PMID:21674279

Iliescu, Bogdan; Haskal, Ziv J

2012-08-01

73

Advanced Techniques for Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have proven valuable for the prevention of primary or recurrent pulmonary embolism in selected patients with or at high risk for venous thromboembolic disease. Their use has become commonplace, and the numbers implanted increase annually. During the last 3 years, in the United States, the percentage of annually placed optional filters, i.e., filters than can remain as permanent filters or potentially be retrieved, has consistently exceeded that of permanent filters. In parallel, the complications of long- or short-term filtration have become increasingly evident to physicians, regulatory agencies, and the public. Most filter removals are uneventful, with a high degree of success. When routine filter-retrieval techniques prove unsuccessful, progressively more advanced tools and skill sets must be used to enhance filter-retrieval success. These techniques should be used with caution to avoid damage to the filter or cava during IVC retrieval. This review describes the complex techniques for filter retrieval, including use of additional snares, guidewires, angioplasty balloons, and mechanical and thermal approaches as well as illustrates their specific application.

74

Advanced Techniques for Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have proven valuable for the prevention of primary or recurrent pulmonary embolism in selected patients with or at high risk for venous thromboembolic disease. Their use has become commonplace, and the numbers implanted increase annually. During the last 3 years, in the United States, the percentage of annually placed optional filters, i.e., filters than can remain as permanent filters or potentially be retrieved, has consistently exceeded that of permanent filters. In parallel, the complications of long- or short-term filtration have become increasingly evident to physicians, regulatory agencies, and the public. Most filter removals are uneventful, with a high degree of success. When routine filter-retrieval techniques prove unsuccessful, progressively more advanced tools and skill sets must be used to enhance filter-retrieval success. These techniques should be used with caution to avoid damage to the filter or cava during IVC retrieval. This review describes the complex techniques for filter retrieval, including use of additional snares, guidewires, angioplasty balloons, and mechanical and thermal approaches as well as illustrates their specific application.

Iliescu, Bogdan; Haskal, Ziv J., E-mail: ziv2@mac.com [University of Maryland School of Medicine, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2012-08-15

75

Detection by means of CT of inferior vena cava filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Vena cava filters are an excellent tool for the prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limbs. However, these devices are not entirely free of complications as thrombi can develop inside them, threatening to occlude them completely. The objective of this report is to study the incidence of thrombosis in vena cava filters, as well as their impact on prognosis. We also mention the importance of CT as an imaging technique in the study of this complication. We present 30 patients in whom different filters were implanted and their prospective follow-up by means of CT over a mean follow-up period of 36 months. Chi-square analysis was used to determine whether there was a significant relationship among the complications encountered (p<0,05), and their course over time was studied by means of Kaplan-Meyer curves. Five cases (16%) of complete thrombosis of the filter were observed among patients in whom the Gunther model had been implanted, yielding an index of probability of complete permeability of the inferior vena cava at 13 months of 82%. Thrombi of different degrees (between 5% and 60%) were also observed inside the filter in ten patients (33%) with Gunther, Simon-Nitional and LGM models. Filter thrombosis was not significantly associated with the onset of recurrent PE or of venous disorders involving lower limbs, the relationship between PE and preimplantation presence of inferior vena cava thrombosis was significanferior vena cava thrombosis was significant (p<0.01). It was also observed that post implantation anti coagulation did not significantly prevent later onset of filter thrombosis. (Author)

76

Spiral CT in aplasia of the pre-renal inferior vena cava as a cause of phlebothrombosis from the femoral veins to the inferior vena cava; Spiral-CT einer Aplasie der praerenalen Vena cava inferior als Ursache einer Phlebothrombose von den Oberschenkelvenen bis in die Vena cava inferior  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The case report focuses on the computed tomography of the thrombotic okklusion of the inferior vena cava, venae iliacae and femorales communes due to congenital interruption of the prerenal inferior vena cava. The embryology of the abnormality was discussed. (orig.) [Deutsch] Anhand einer Fallstudie wurden die Moeglichkeiten der computertomographischen Diagnostik bei einer durch Teilplasie der `praerenalen` Vena cava inferior hervorgerufenen Thrombose der Vv. femorales superficiales et profundae, der grossen Beckenvenen und der Vena cava inferior erlaeutert. In der Diskussion wurde auf die Embryologie der Missbildung eingegangen. (orig.)

Schweiger, U. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Schedel, H. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Thiede, U. [Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin (Germany). Arbeitsgruppe Digitale Bildbearbeitung; Felix, R. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

1994-12-31

77

MARCADORES SONOGRAFICOS DE CARDIOPATIAS CONGENITAS: PERSISTENCIA DE LA VENA CAVA SUPERIOR IZQUIERDA: NUESTRA EXPERIENCIA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Consideramos marcadores de cardiopatías congénitas al grupo de lesiones que, pudiendo ser variantes normales, se asocian a defectos cardíacos. En esta segunda publicación destacamos la importancia del diagnóstico de la persistencia de la vena cava superior izquierda y su drenaje hacia el seno coronario, como un marcador de cardiopatías congénitas. En nuestra serie de cardiopatías congénitas (Cc, hemos diagnosticado 5 persistencias de la vena cava superior izquierda, 4 de ellas drenando hacia el seno coronario; 2 fueron anomalías aisladas, correspondiendo a variantes anatómicas. En otros 2 casos, los fetos eran portadores de cardiopatías congénitas mayores, uno de ellos actualmente vivo después de corrección quirúrgica y el restante fallecido. El quinto caso era un feto portador de anomalías múltiples, sospechándose una cromosomopatía, la que fue confirmada postparto como una trisomía 13. Reportamos los hallazgos in útero, el resultado postnatal de estos casos, la técnica más apropiada para su pesquisa y su asociación a CcWe consider markers of congenital heart disease a group of anomalies which could be a normal variant in general population but might be associated to structural defects of the fetal heart. One of those markers is the persistence of the left superior vena cava and his drainage to the coronary sinus. Among 5 persistence of the left superior vena cava diagnosed in our series, we found 2 associated with major congenital heart disease and another one with abnormal karyotype (trisomy 13. 2 other fetus were diagnosed as an isolated lesion. We discuss in utero abnormalities and fllow-up. We considered that the diagnosis of persistence of the left superior vena cava is a tool for the in utero detection of congenital heart disease

Fernando Viñals L.

2002-01-01

78

Radiographic evaluation of caudal vena cava size in dogs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Dilation of the caudal vena cava (CVC) on lateral thoracic radiographs is often interpreted as suggestive of right-sided congestive heart failure, To quantitate the clinical utility of evaluating CVC size as an indicator of right-sided heart disease, we compared the ratio of the diameter of the CVC as measured on a left lateral thoracic radiograph to the descending aorta (Ao), length of the thoracic vertebra above the tracheal bifurcation (VL), and width of the right fourth rib (R4) in 35 dogs with right heart disease and 35 control dogs, Each CVC ratio(CVC/Ao, CVC/VL, CVC/R4) was statistically larger in dogs with right heart disease, Response operating characteristic curves and likelihood ratios were used to determine ratios helpful in identifying dogs with right heart disease. A CVC/Ao > 1.50, CVC/VL > 1.30, or CVC/R4 > 3.50 are strongly suggestive of a right-sided heart abnormality in a patient

79

Síndrome de vena cava superior: Una emergencia oncológica en niños con linfoma. Revisión de 5 casos / Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: an oncologic emergency in children with lymphoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Un niño con cáncer puede presentar durante su enfermedad una emergencia, ya sea como manifestación inicial, en la fase de diagnóstico, durante la evolución o en el periodo terminal. Objetivo: Presentar nuestra experiencia en el manejo del síndrome de Vena Cava Superior en niños con lin [...] foma. Pacientes y Método: Revisión retrospectiva de 44 fichas clínicas de menores de 15 años con linfoma tratados entre enero de 1989 y diciembre de 1999 en la Unidad de Hematología/Oncología Infantil del Hospital Clínico Regional de Valdivia. Resultados: 5 casos presentaron síndrome de Vena Cava Superior: Linfoma de Hodgkin 2. Linfoma no Hodgkin 3. El síndrome de Vena Cava Superior fue la manifestación inicial en 4. En la emergencia todos los pacientes recibieron corticoides y radioterapia. Tres pacientes se encuentran vivos y en remisión completa. Conclusiones: El síndrome de Vena Cava Superior, es poco frecuente en niños con patología tumoral, sin embargo, por constituir una emergencia médica requiere tratamiento inmediato, necesitándose claras pautas de manejo Abstract in english Introduction: A child with cancer may have an oncologic emergency during one of the following situations: A) Primary manifestation of the disease. B) Diagnostic phase. C) During clinical evolution of the disease. D) Terminal stage. Objective: To review our experience in the management of patients wi [...] th lymphoma presenting with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS). Method: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of 44 patients younger than 15 years-old affected with lymphoma and treated at the Hemathology/Oncology Unit of the Clinical Hospital from Valdivia, between 1989 and 1999. Results: 5 patients presented SVCS; 2 of them had Hodgkin lymphoma and 3 had no-Hodgkin lymphoma. The SVCS was the first clinical manifestation in 4 of them. During the emergency, all patients were treated with steroids and radiotherapy, observing 3 of them still alive and free of disease. Conclusions: The SVCS is a rare complication in pediatric tumoral disease. It constitutes an oncologic emergency that we ought to know in terms of diagnosis and treatment

Miriam, Davis G.; Paola, Zolezzi R.; Nilda, Zumelzu D..

2005-10-01

80

Síndrome da veia cava superior: caso clínico / Superior vena cava syndrome: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A Síndrome da Veia Cava Superior (SVCS) surge quando há diminuição ou obstrução do ?uxo de sangue através da veia cava superior (VCS) e pode cursar com muito debilitantes. Embora classicamente associada a etiologias malignas, o aumento do número de procedimentos endovenosos (cateteres venosos centra [...] is, pacemakers, cardio-desfibriladores) fez aumentar a percentagem de casos de etiologia benigna, que manifestações clínicas actualmente correspondem a 40%. O tratamento endovascular tem ganho crescente popularidade, mas nem sempre é exequível ou conduz a melhoria clínica a longo prazo, pelo que por vezes o tratamento cirúrgico é necessário. Os autores descrevem o caso clínico de um doente com SVCS, relacionado com colacação prévia de pacemaker. Após tentativa infrutífera de tratamento endovascular, o doente foi submetido a reconstrução cirúrgica, com resolução da sintomatologia. Abstract in english Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS) occurs when there is a reduction or blockage of blood ?ow through the superior vena cava (SVC) and may be associated with debilitating clinical manifestations. Although classically associated with malignant etiologies, increasing number of intravenous procedures (c [...] entral venous catheters, pacemakers) have raised the percentage of cases of benign etiology, which currently account for 40%. Endovascular management of SVCS has gained increasing popularity, although it is not always feasible or leads to long-term clinical improvement, so sometimes surgical treatment is necessary. The authors present a patient with superior vena cava syndrome due to pacemaker leads. After unsuccessful attempt of endovascular treatment, the patient underwent surgical reconstruction with resolution of symptoms.

Sandrina Figueiredo, Braga; Daniel, Brandão; Pedro Pinto, Sousa; Jacinta, Campos; Alexandra, Canedo; Pedro, Brandão; João Carlos, Mota; Luís, Vouga.

2014-03-01

81

Ressonância magnética cardiovascular em veia cava inferior interrompida não prevista Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in unsuspected interrupted inferior vena cava Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in unsuspected interrupted inferior vena cava  

OpenAIRE

A Veia Cava Inferior (VCI) interrompida é uma anomalia rara. As anomalias da VCI são clinicamente importantes para os cardiologistas e radiologistas que pretendem intervir na cavidade cardíaca direita. Descrevemos três casos de interrupção da VCI diagnosticados por meio de estudo imaginológico de ressonância magnética cardíaca.La Vena Cava Inferior (VCI), interrumpida es una anomalía rara. Las anomalías de la VCI son clínicamente importantes para los cardiólogos y radiólogos qu...

Andre Mauricio Fernandes; Vikas Rathi; June Yamrozik; Ronald Willians; Biederman, Robert W.

2012-01-01

82

An unusual presentation with persistent left superior vena cava  

OpenAIRE

Persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is the most common congenital systemic venous anomaly, which may give rise to several problems. We present a case in which a persistent LSVC was an unsuspected finding. A 70-year-old male presented with intracerebral empyema which may have been caused by venous septic emboli from the left arm and facilitated by a persistent LSVC draining directly into the left atrium. Visualisation of the anomaly was performed with echocardiography and magnetic resona...

Ebink, C.; Bos, L. J.; Vonken, E. P. A.; Velthuis, B. K.; Cramer, M. J. M.

2004-01-01

83

Penetration of an Inferior Vena Cava Filter into the Aorta  

OpenAIRE

Transvenous placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is commonly performed in selected patients with deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. However, filter placement is sometimes associated with serious complications. A common complication is asymptomatic perforation of the IVC and penetration of adjacent organs by the filter. Here, we report a case of an 83-year-old man whose prophylactic IVC filter penetrated the aorta. The patient was closely followed without surgical interven...

Haga, Makoto; Hosaka, Akihiro; Miyahara, Takuya; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Watanabe, Toshiaki

2014-01-01

84

Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters for Venous Thromboembolism  

OpenAIRE

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used as an alternative to anticoagulants for prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) in venous thromboembolic disorders. Retrievable IVC filters have become an increasingly attractive option due to the long-term risks of permanent filter placement. These devices are shown to be technically feasible in insertion and retrieval percutaneously while providing protection from PE. Nevertheless, there are complications and failed retrievals with these retriev...

Ni, Han; Win, Lei Lei

2013-01-01

85

Management of the Thrombosed Filter-Bearing Inferior Vena Cava  

OpenAIRE

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter thrombosis is a complex problem. Thrombus within an IVC filter may range from an asymptomatic small thrombus to critical IVC occlusion that affects both lower extremities. The published experience of IVC thrombosis management in relation to filters is either anecdotal or limited to a small group of patients; however, endovascular treatment methods appear to be safe and effective in patients with IVC thrombosis. This review focuses on filter-related IVC thrombos...

Sildiroglu, Onur; Ozer, Harun; Turba, Ulku Cenk

2012-01-01

86

Management of the thrombosed filter-bearing inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter thrombosis is a complex problem. Thrombus within an IVC filter may range from an asymptomatic small thrombus to critical IVC occlusion that affects both lower extremities. The published experience of IVC thrombosis management in relation to filters is either anecdotal or limited to a small group of patients; however, endovascular treatment methods appear to be safe and effective in patients with IVC thrombosis. This review focuses on filter-related IVC thrombosis and its endovascular management. PMID:23449290

Sildiroglu, Onur; Ozer, Harun; Turba, Ulku Cenk

2012-03-01

87

Thermoregulatory catheter–associated inferior vena cava thrombus  

OpenAIRE

The use of thermoregulatory catheters (TRCs) in critically ill patients has become increasingly popular. TRCs have been shown to be effective in regulating patient body temperature with improved outcomes. Critically ill patients, especially multitrauma patients and those with femoral catheters, are at high risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Among patients for whom chemical DVT prophylaxis is not an option, inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are often placed prophylactically. The development o...

Gierman, Joshua L.; Pearl, Gregory J.; Foreman, Michael L.; Hohmann, Stephen E.; Shutze, William P.

2013-01-01

88

Fast-Track Management of Malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report our experience with a combined approach of endovascular biopsy followed by immediate stenting in the management of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to obstructing mediastinal masses. A diagnosis of malignancy was obtained in six of eight (75%) biopsies and symptomatic relief was accomplished in all patients. We have found this to be a rapid, safe and effective management strategy that we now consider for all patients presenting with de novo SVC syndrome

89

Hormone concentration in the blood of the adrenal veins and in the cistern of the vena cava inferior in patients with adrenal and renal diseases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hydrocortisone and aldosterone concentration was determined in 138 patients with arterial hypertension of adrenal and renal genesis in the blood of the adrenal veins and in the cistern of the vena cava inferior, that of deoxycorticosterone in 50 patients, AC+H in 51 and renin activity in the blood plasma of the renal veins in 21 patients. The concentration of steroid hormones adequately reflected adrenal cortex function facilitating differential diagnosis between renal and adrenal pathology variants. Differential diagnostic analysis on the basis of change in the concentration of steroid hormones was found difficult or impossible if the patients received steroidogenesis changing drugs on day, preceding veno graphic examination of the adrenals

90

Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma invading the inferior vena cava: Using a temporary vena cava filter to prevent tumour emboli during nephrectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Angiomyolipoma (AML) is generally considered to be benign and malignant angiomyolipoma is rare. This paper presents an extremely rare case of epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava who underwent radical nephrectomy and IVC thrombectomy. As an adjunctive procedure, a temporary IVC filter was placed in suprarenal position before operation. One week after surgery, the temporary IVC filter was retrieved by femoral approach. Three months postoperatively, a computed tomography scan and abdominal ultrasonogaphy showed no evidence of thrombus in IVC or renal vein and no sign of tumour recurrence. Epithelioid AML is extremely rare and can be malignant, with invasion of the IVC or renal vein. Implanting temporary filter can prevent fatal pulmonary complication and avoid potential the side effects of permanent filter. PMID:25210566

Li, Xiang; Liu, Runming; He, Dalin

2014-07-01

91

Manifestaciones oculares como presentación de un síndrome de vena cava superior / Severe ocular symptoms as an initial manifestation of superior vena cava syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de vena cava superior es una complicación grave de una amplia variedad de procesos (el más frecuente es el cáncer de pulmón) que obstruyen el flujo de la vena cava superior y provocan la aparición de manifestaciones clínicas características, por el aumento de presión en el territorio ven [...] oso de la cabeza, los miembros superiores y la parte superior del tórax. Dentro de estas manifestaciones las referidas al ojo son poco frecuentes, y cuando aparecen raramente son el síntoma de presentación y tienen la expresividad del caso de este varón fumador al que diagnosticamos un síndrome de vena cava superior tras consultar por acusada sintomatología ocular. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome is obstruction of blood flow through the superior vena cava (SVC). It is most commonly caused by neoplasm, especially lung cancer. An obstructed SVC initiates collateral venous return to the heart from the upper half of the body and the classic symptoms and signs become o [...] bvious. Superior vena cava síndrome is a rare cause of ocular manifestations. We report a case of periorbital swelling, conjunctival edema an orbital proptosis in a male patient presenting malignant superior vena cava obstruction.

J., Barquero-Romero; V., López Cupido; O., Torrado Sierra; M., Valencia Terrón.

2008-07-01

92

Experimental study of domestic inferior vena cava filter comparative to Antheor temporary vena cava filter in vitro  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate clot capturing efficacy and stability of a new domestic designed inferior vena cava filter (DDIVCF) by comparing with Anthem temporary vena cava filter in vitro. Methods: (1)The DDIVCF and Antheor filter were tested in a flow model simulated the inferior vena cava (IVC) with 20 mm and 25 mm in diameter. The swine clots of four sizes were used: 3 mm x 20 mm, 3 mm x 30 mm, 6 mm x 20 mm, 6 mm x 30 mm. The clot capturing capacity was observed in horizontal position. (2) The stability was observed by measuring the comparative moving distance of 6 mm x 30 mm clots after clot trapping. Results: (1) DDIVCF capture rates were 34%, 56%, 82%, 94% and 26%, 38%, 56%, 86% for the 20 mm and 25 mm IVC models of four different sizes clots respectively, comparing with 54%, 64%, 86%, 96% and 38%, 44%, 68%, 90% respectively of Anthem temporary vena cava filter. The capture rates of DDIVCF and Antheor filter showed no significant differences of 3 mm x 30 mm, 6mm x 20 mm and 6 mm x 30 mm clots in 20 mm and 25 mm IVC models (P>0.05). (2) There was a few caudal migration with no significant difference (P>0.05). The filter migration distances were (0.6±0.3) cm and (1.0±0.1) cm respectively in the 20 mm and 25 mm IVC models with most clots of 6 mm x 30 mm were captured, comparing with (0.4±0.1) cm and (0.8 ±0.3) cm respectively for Antheor filter. Conclusions: DDIVCF is a stable and effective filter in an in-vitro model experiment but application in vivo would rathert but application in vivo would rather be further evaluated through more animal experiments. (authors)

93

Recurrent Fracture of a Recovery Inferior Vena Cava Filter with Pulmonary Migration  

OpenAIRE

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are indicated in patients with venous thromboembolic disease in whom standard anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated or ineffective. A 32-year-old female presented to our hospital with chest pain 5 years after IVC filter placement. Imaging revealed sequential fracturing and embolization of two of the IVC filter arms to the pulmonary arteries. IVC filter fracture and subsequent migration to the lung is a rare complication. Systematic long-term follow-up in ...

Vossen, Josephina Anna; Thawait, Shrey Kumar; Golia, Jennifer Susan; Chamarthy, Murthy; Cholewczynski, Walter; Velasco, Noel

2012-01-01

94

The initial experience of transjugular retrieval of Geunther Tulip inferior vena cava filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the indications and technical procedures of transjugular retrieval of Geunther Tulip inferior vena cava filters. Methods: Seventy-four patients (40 males and 34 females with a mean age of 45.8 years) with acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis encountered in our hospital from September 2007 to Mar 2009 were involved in this study. The onset of the disease was from one day to 14 days. Clinical symptoms included swelling, pain, cyanosis or pallescence of the affected limb with higher or normal skin temperature. Thirty-one patients who complicated with pulmonary embolism suffered from dyspnoea, chest pain, hemoptysis, etc. Implantation of Geunther Tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filters through femoral or right internal jugular vein was carried out, which was followed by intravenous transcatheter thrombolysis. Vascular ultrasound and angiography showed no fresh or free thrombus in 12-80 days after initial treatment, then the Geunther Tulip filter was taken out from right internal jugular vein, and inferior vena cavography was performed again. All patients accepted anticoagulation and antibiotic treatment for 3-5 days after operation. A follow-up lasting for 4-12 months was made. Results: Successful implantation of Geunther Tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter with only one session was obtained in all 74 patients. During implantation procedure one filter became tilted 25 degrees. Successful removal of Geunther Tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter was achieved in 40 patients in 41.3 days (12-80 days) after the filter was delivered, and the procedure cost only 5.8 minutes (1-115 minutes) with a successful rate of 97.6% (40/41). Failure of retrieval of IVC filter due to compact adhesion of the filter to IVC wall happened in one patient. Inferior vena cavography again confirmed that there was no any sign of vascular perforation or rupture. Retrieval of IVC filter was not performed in other 33 patients and no clinical manifestations of pulmonary embolism or inferior vena cava occlusion emerged during follow-up period. Conclusion: For the treatment of acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, interventional transjugular retrieval of Geunther Tulip IVC Filters has some advantages, including retrievable time, i.e. a long time window for thrombolysis therapy, high successful rate of retrieval and satisfactory clinical efficacy. (authors)

95

Renal cell carcinoma with thrombus in the inferior vena cava: extracorporeal circulation and deep hypothermia without open-chest surgery  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma with thrombus in the inferior vena cava and no apparent metastasis requires immediate surgical treatment. Over the last few years, extracorporeal circulation with deep hypothermia and total circulatory arrest have played an increasingly important role in the treatm [...] ent of diseases not associated with primary cardiovascular disorders, such as cavoatrial tumor thrombus in uterine tumors, adrenal tumors, Wilms' tumor, as well as renal cell carcinoma. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old patient with renal cell carcinoma and tumoral thrombus in the inferior vena cava and above the supra-hepatic veins underwent right radical nephrectomy and removal of the thrombus from the vena cava with extracorporeal circulation and deep hypothermia with total circulatory arrest without opening the chest. The patient presented good post-operative evolution.

Carlos A. L., D' Ancona; Orlando, Petrucci Jr; Rodrigo, Otsuka.

2005-02-01

96

Renal cell carcinoma with thrombus in the inferior vena cava: extracorporeal circulation and deep hypothermia without open-chest surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma with thrombus in the inferior vena cava and no apparent metastasis requires immediate surgical treatment. Over the last few years, extracorporeal circulation with deep hypothermia and total circulatory arrest have played an increasingly important role in the treatment of diseases not associated with primary cardiovascular disorders, such as cavoatrial tumor thrombus in uterine tumors, adrenal tumors, Wilms' tumor, as well as renal cell carcinoma. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old patient with renal cell carcinoma and tumoral thrombus in the inferior vena cava and above the supra-hepatic veins underwent right radical nephrectomy and removal of the thrombus from the vena cava with extracorporeal circulation and deep hypothermia with total circulatory arrest without opening the chest. The patient presented good post-operative evolution.

Carlos A. L. D'Ancona

2005-02-01

97

Budd-Chiari syndrome: puncturing occlusion of inferior vena cava with blunt wire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the safety of puncturing occlusion of inferior vena cava with blunt wire for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Methods: Under the fluoroscopic guidance, occlusions of inferior vena cava were punctured with blunt wire for 63 patients with membranous occlusion of inferior vena cava and 33 with segmental occlusion of the inferior vena cava; including 15 patients with hepatic vein stenosis or occlusion. Results: 96 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome were operated successfully. All occlusions of inferior vena cava were punctured with patent rate of 100% and no serious complications occurred. Conclusion: Puncturing occlusion of IVC with blunt guide wire is safe, efficient, no serious complication and simple economic method, worthy to be recommended. (authors)

98

A case of thoracic esophageal cancer with an unusual type of duplicated inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe here a thoracic esophageal cancer with an unusual type of duplicated inferior vena cava. A 58-year-old man was referred to our hospital because a tumor in his lower esophagus had been identified by endoscopy and radiology. Computed tomography scans showed an unusual type of duplicated inferior vena cava characterized by both common iliac veins flowing back into the left-sided inferior vena cava, which drained into the azygos vein, whereas the right-sided one had no drainage. Esophagectomy was performed 3 weeks later after preoperative chemotherapy. Because the patient could have developed thrombosis of the left-sided inferior vena cava and severe hypotension caused by decreased venous return to the heart if the azygos vein had been severed, the azygos vein was preserved. Thus, when performing surgery for thoracic esophageal cancer, the surgeon should check for a duplicated inferior vena cava and preserve the azygos vein if necessary. PMID:24470167

Shintakuya, Ryuta; Mukaida, Hidenori; Mimura, Takeshi; Ikeda, Takuhiro; Takiyama, Wataru; Yoshimitsu, Masanori; Saeki, Syuji; Hirabayashi, Naoki

2014-05-01

99

Right nutcracker syndrome associated with left-sided inferior vena cava, hemiazygos continuation and persistant left superior vena cava: a rare combination.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term nutcracker syndrome refers to compression of left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery causing renal venous hypertension. Right nutcracker syndrome associated with a left-sided inferior vena cava is an extremely rare anomaly. Reported two cases in English literature were diagnosed by ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography in adulthood. Herein, we present a case of right nutcracker syndrome with left-sided inferior vena cava and hemiazygos continuation in a 12-year-old girl. PMID:24461470

Yildiz, Adalet Elcin; Cayci, Fatma Semsa; Genc, Sinan; Cakar, Nilgun; Fitoz, Suat

2014-01-01

100

Safety and Efficacy of the Gunther Tulip Retrievable Vena Cava Filter: Midterm Outcomes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

PurposeTo evaluate of the medium-term integrity, efficacy, and complication rate associated with the Gunther Tulip vena cava filter.MethodsA retrospective study was performed of 369 consecutive patients who had infrarenal Gunther Tulip inferior vena cava filters placed over a 5-year period. The mean patient age was 61.8 years, and 59 % were men. Venous thromboembolic disease and a contraindication to or complication of anticoagulation were the indications for filter placement in 86 % of patients; 14 % were placed for prophylaxis in patients with a mean of 2.3 risk factors. Follow-up was obtained by review of medical and radiologic records.ResultsMean clinical follow-up was 780 days. New or recurrent pulmonary embolus occurred in 12 patients (3.3 %). New or recurrent deep-vein thrombosis occurred in 53 patients (14.4 %). There were no symptomatic fractures, migrations, or caval perforations. Imaging follow-up in 287 patients (77.8 %) at a mean of 731 days revealed a single (0.3 %) asymptomatic fracture, migration greater than 2 cm in 36 patients (12.5 %), and no case of embolization. Of 122 patients with CT scans, asymptomatic perforations were identified in 53 patients (43.4 %) at a mean 757 days.ConclusionThe Gunther Tulip filter was safe and effective at 2-year follow-up. Complication rates were similar to those reported for permanent inferior vena cava filters

101

Safety and Efficacy of the Gunther Tulip Retrievable Vena Cava Filter: Midterm Outcomes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

PurposeTo evaluate of the medium-term integrity, efficacy, and complication rate associated with the Gunther Tulip vena cava filter.MethodsA retrospective study was performed of 369 consecutive patients who had infrarenal Gunther Tulip inferior vena cava filters placed over a 5-year period. The mean patient age was 61.8 years, and 59 % were men. Venous thromboembolic disease and a contraindication to or complication of anticoagulation were the indications for filter placement in 86 % of patients; 14 % were placed for prophylaxis in patients with a mean of 2.3 risk factors. Follow-up was obtained by review of medical and radiologic records.ResultsMean clinical follow-up was 780 days. New or recurrent pulmonary embolus occurred in 12 patients (3.3 %). New or recurrent deep-vein thrombosis occurred in 53 patients (14.4 %). There were no symptomatic fractures, migrations, or caval perforations. Imaging follow-up in 287 patients (77.8 %) at a mean of 731 days revealed a single (0.3 %) asymptomatic fracture, migration greater than 2 cm in 36 patients (12.5 %), and no case of embolization. Of 122 patients with CT scans, asymptomatic perforations were identified in 53 patients (43.4 %) at a mean 757 days.ConclusionThe Gunther Tulip filter was safe and effective at 2-year follow-up. Complication rates were similar to those reported for permanent inferior vena cava filters.

Hoffer, Eric K., E-mail: eric.k.hoffer@hitchcock.org; Mueller, Rebecca J.; Luciano, Marcus R.; Lee, Nicole N.; Michaels, Anne T.; Gemery, John M. [Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2013-08-01

102

Penetration of an inferior vena cava filter into the aorta.  

Science.gov (United States)

Transvenous placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is commonly performed in selected patients with deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. However, filter placement is sometimes associated with serious complications. A common complication is asymptomatic perforation of the IVC and penetration of adjacent organs by the filter. Here, we report a case of an 83-year-old man whose prophylactic IVC filter penetrated the aorta. The patient was closely followed without surgical intervention for more than a year, and no additional complications were observed. PMID:25593628

Haga, Makoto; Hosaka, Akihiro; Miyahara, Takuya; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Watanabe, Toshiaki

2014-01-01

103

Inferior vena cava filter placement before ECMO decannulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), particularly thrombi in the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pulmonary embolism, can occur after successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and can be associated with adverse outcomes including death. VTE is related to the presence of a venous cannula and in some cases inadequate anticoagulation caused by clinical bleeding. We have developed a simple method for guidewire exchange of the femoral venous ECMO cannula to a working catheter for intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) IVC filter placement, and describe the specific methodology. PMID:23103700

Obi, Andrea; Park, Pauline K; Rectenwald, John; Novelli, Paula; Waldvogel, John; Haft, Jonathan W; Napolitano, Lena M

2012-01-01

104

Symptomatic caval penetration by a Celect inferior vena cava filter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report a case of penetration of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by all four primary struts of a Celect caval filter in a 17-year-old girl with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. The girl presented with acute lower abdominal and right leg pain 17 days after filter insertion. An abdominal radiograph demonstrated that the filter had moved caudally and that the primary struts had splayed considerably since insertion. Contrast-enhanced CT confirmed that all four primary struts had penetrated the IVC wall. There was a small amount of retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The surrounding vessels and viscera were intact. The filter was subsequently retrieved without complication. (orig.)

Bogue, Conor O.; John, Philip R.; Connolly, Bairbre L.; Rea, David J.; Amaral, Joao G. [Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Division of Image Guided Therapy, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, ON (Canada)

2009-10-15

105

Retrievable inferior vena cava filters for venous thromboembolism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used as an alternative to anticoagulants for prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) in venous thromboembolic disorders. Retrievable IVC filters have become an increasingly attractive option due to the long-term risks of permanent filter placement. These devices are shown to be technically feasible in insertion and retrieval percutaneously while providing protection from PE. Nevertheless, there are complications and failed retrievals with these retrievable filters. The aim of the paper is to review the retrievable filters and their efficacy, safety, and retrievability. PMID:24967292

Ni, Han; Win, Lei Lei

2013-01-01

106

A Novel Technique for Inferior Vena Cava Filter Extraction  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used to protect against pulmonary embolism in high-risk patients. Whilst the insertion of retrievable IVC filters is gaining popularity, a proportion of such devices cannot be removed using standard techniques. We describe a novel approach for IVC filter removal that involves snaring the filter superiorly along with the use of flexible forceps or laser devices to dissect the filter struts from the caval wall. This technique has used to successfully treat three patients without complications in whom standard techniques failed.

Johnston, Edward William, E-mail: ed.johnston@doctors.org.uk; Rowe, Luke Michael Morgan; Brookes, Jocelyn; Raja, Jowad; Hague, Julian, E-mail: julian.hague@uclh.nhs.uk [University College Hospital, Multidisciplinary Endovascular Team (United Kingdom)

2013-05-02

107

Complex hybrid suprarenal inferior vena cava filter retrieval.  

Science.gov (United States)

The exponential rise in inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement is associated with increased complications both during implantation and retrieval. In this report, a 64-year-old man was transferred from an outside hospital with cardiac tamponade secondary to a snare eroding into the right atrium. This complication occurred after attempted suprarenal IVC filter removal. The filter, entangled with the snare, was retrieved by a hybrid technique of mobilizing the liver to expose the suprarenal IVC, followed by using a snare and sheath to compress and extrude the filter. This is the first reported hybrid retrieval of a suprarenal IVC filter. PMID:25304904

Chou, Elizabeth L; Sgroi, Michael D; Fujitani, Roy M; Kabutey, Nii-Kabu

2015-01-01

108

Improving retrieval rates for retrievable inferior vena cava filters.  

Science.gov (United States)

The introduction of retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters was an important step in the evolution of deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism management. Their removability makes them preferred to permanent filters in many cases. IVC filter retrieval often occurs at a suboptimal rate, leading to complications associated with long-term placement. Improving retrievability includes solutions for patients being lost to follow-up, filter malpositioning, need arising for permanent IVC filtration, filtration requiring longer than the filter's window of retrievability, and filter compromise by the presence of a large trapped clot. This review explores these strategies for retrieval in detail in hopes of improving IVC filter retrieval rates. PMID:23278230

Dixon, Austin; Stavropoulos, S William

2013-01-01

109

A novel technique for inferior vena cava filter extraction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used to protect against pulmonary embolism in high-risk patients. Whilst the insertion of retrievable IVC filters is gaining popularity, a proportion of such devices cannot be removed using standard techniques. We describe a novel approach for IVC filter removal that involves snaring the filter superiorly along with the use of flexible forceps or laser devices to dissect the filter struts from the caval wall. This technique has used to successfully treat three patients without complications in whom standard techniques failed. PMID:23636251

Johnston, Edward William; Rowe, Luke Michael Morgan; Brookes, Jocelyn; Raja, Jowad; Hague, Julian

2014-02-01

110

Inferior vena cava filter presenting as chronic low back pain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our purpose is to report a rare complication of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter with vertebral bone penetration, interval fracture, subsequent endovascular management and outcome. We report a case of an IVC filter embedded within the second lumbar vertebral body and in which one of the primary struts fractured, which presented as chronic low back pain. The filter was retrieved percutaneously approximately 2 years after placement. A fractured small strut remained within the vertebral bone; patient's pain resolved. Symptomatic filter in situ should be retrieved even when fractured. PMID:22542386

Kendirli, Mustafa T; Sildiroglu, Onur; Cage, Dorothy L; Turba, Ulku C

2012-01-01

111

Symptomatic caval penetration by a Celect inferior vena cava filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of penetration of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by all four primary struts of a Celect caval filter in a 17-year-old girl with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. The girl presented with acute lower abdominal and right leg pain 17 days after filter insertion. An abdominal radiograph demonstrated that the filter had moved caudally and that the primary struts had splayed considerably since insertion. Contrast-enhanced CT confirmed that all four primary struts had penetrated the IVC wall. There was a small amount of retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The surrounding vessels and viscera were intact. The filter was subsequently retrieved without complication. (orig.)

112

Concomitant persistent left superior vena cava and horseshoe kidney.  

Science.gov (United States)

Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) and horseshoe kidney (HSK) are common congenital abnormalities; however presence of both in the same person is extremely rare. A patient with hepatitis C cirrhosis awaiting transplant presented with worsening liver dysfunction, diagnosed with acute renal failure secondary to hepatorenal syndrome, and required X-ray fluoroscopy guided tunneled venous catheter placement for hemodialysis. Review of imaging studies demonstrated coexistence of PLSVC and HSK. PLSVC in adulthood is usually incidental with the most common drainage pattern being without physiologic dysfunction. Isolated horseshoe kidney is still the most common of renal fusion anomalies; however etiology of coexistent PLSVC remains unknown. PMID:25664191

Jaffer, Faraz; Chandiramani, Vijay

2015-01-01

113

Agenesia da veia cava inferior / Agenesis of the inferior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Agenesia da veia cava inferior é uma malformação rara. Sua causa mais comum é a disgenesia durante a embriogênese, mas também pode estar relacionada a trombose intrauterina ou perinatal. Normalmente é assintomática, em associação, ou não, com outras malformações congênitas, e pode cursar com maior r [...] isco de insuficiência venosa crônica e trombose venosa profunda, especialmente em jovens. Seu diagnóstico frequentemente é acidental, durante cirurgias abdominais ou procedimentos radiológicos. Relatamos cinco casos de agenesia da veia cava inferior detectada durante procedimentos eletrofisiológicos. Abstract in english Agenesis of the inferior vena cava is a rare malformation. Its most common cause is dysgenesis during embryogenesis, but it may also be related to intrauterine or perinatal thrombosis. It is usually asymptomatic, associated or not with other congenital malformations and may be related to increased r [...] isk of chronic venous insufficiency and deep vein thrombosis, especially in young individuals. Diagnosis is often incidental, during abdominal surgery or radiological procedures. We reported five cases of agenesis of the inferior vena cava detected during electrophysiological procedures.

Caroline Saltz, Gensas; Leonardo Martins, Pires; Marcelo Lapa, Kruse; Tiago Luiz Luz, Leiria; Daniel Garcia, Gomes; Gustavo Glotz de, Lima.

2012-12-01

114

Síndroma da veia cava superior como apresentação de neoplasia / Superior vena cava syndrome as tumour presentation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndroma da veia cava superior (SVCS) é causada por uma obstrução/compressão gradual e insidiosa da veia cava superior, caracterizando -se por fácies pletórica, edema e ingurgitamento vascular do pescoço e parte superior do tronco. É geralmente tradutora de neoplasia, sendo o cancro do pulmão a su [...] a causa mais comum. Objectivo: Estudo retrospectivo dos internamentos no Hospital de S. João entre Janeiro de 1995 e Dezembro de 2006 por SVCS de etiologia a esclarecer com a caracterização clínica dos doentes e a avaliação de factores de prognóstico. Material e métodos: Foram seleccionados 60 doentes que à data de admissão não tinham causa para SVCS. Foram avaliados, entre outros, idade, sexo, exposição e carga tabágica, etiologia do SVCS, tratamento e sobrevivência global. Resultados: Dos doentes estudados, 87% apresentavam cancro do pulmão, sendo o tipo histológico mais comum o carcinoma pulmonar de pequenas células (CPPC), com 41% dos casos. Em 10% dos doentes foi diagnosticado linfoma não Hodgkin. Em relação aos factores de prognóstico estudados, verificou-se que a ausência de metastização, o diagnóstico histológico de linfoma, o bom estado geral e a ausência de consumo tabágico se correlacionam positivamente de forma significativa com a sobrevivência. Contrariamente, o diagnóstico de CPPC apresentou igualmente de forma significativa uma menor sobrevivência. Conclusão: Nesta série de doentes com SVCS como apresentação da doença observou -se uma sobrevivência significativamente menor nos casos de CPPC, doentes fumadores (especialmente com ? 40 UMA), naqueles com mau estado geral, bem como nos que apresentavam uma maior progressão da doença, com presença de metastização. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is characterised by gradual and insidious compression/obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC). Upper chest and neck ingurgitation, plethoric face and oedema are the common symptoms/signs. It generally means the presence of neoplasm, namely lung cancer. Aim: Ret [...] rospective analysis of the patients admitted to S. João Hospital, Porto, Portugal, January 1995-December 2006 with SVCS without previous diagnosis. Patients, tumour characteristics and prognostic factors were studied. Material and methods: Data was collected by consulting the clinical files of 60 SVCS patients without previous diagnosis. Data was gathered on the patients’ demographic characteristics (age, gender, smoking habits), performance status, histology, staging, treatment and overall survival. Results: Lung cancer was observed in 87% of the patients. Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) was the most frequent histological type; 41% of the patients. It is noticeable that 10% were diagnosed with non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In terms of prognostic factors analysed, the absence of metastasis, the lymphoma’s histological diagnosis, good performance status and non-smoker status were positively correlated with the survival rate. On the contrary SCLC was significantly correlated with a worse survival. Conclusions: In our analysis we concluded that SCLC, smokers and a poorer performance status as well as metastatic disease were unfavourable prognostic factors to SVCS as tumour presentation.

Nuno Filipe, Pires; António, Morais; Henrique, Queiroga.

2010-01-01

115

Coronary sinus orifice atresia and persistent left superior vena cava. A report of two cases, one associated with atypical coronary artery thrombosis.  

OpenAIRE

Fourteen previously reported cases of atresia of the coronary sinus ostium, in which the coronary venous flow entered the right atrium by a persistent left superior vena cava, the innominate vein, and the right superior vena cava, are reviewed and two new cases reported. The first new case was in a 43 year old woman with atypical chest pains in whom investigations for suspected ischaemic heart disease, including coronary arteriography, yielded normal results. She died suddenly from massive my...

Gerlis, L. M.; Gibbs, J. L.; Williams, G. J.; Thomas, G. D.

1984-01-01

116

Congenital Aortocaval Fistula from Right Subclavian Artery to Superior Vena Cava in an Adult with Tetralogy of Fallot  

OpenAIRE

Congenital   aortocaval   fistula in association with complex congenital heart disease has never been described before. We represent an adult with tetralogy of fallot and an undiagnosed subclavian artery to superior vena cava fistula in previous catheterisms. He underwent surgical correction, successfully. After 8 months post operation he was doing well with improved functional capacity and no cyanosis.

Soheila Chamanian; Mohammad Hassan Nezafati; Ahmad Amouzeshi; Farveh Vakilian; Toktam Moghiman

2014-01-01

117

Congenital Aortocaval Fistula from Right Subclavian Artery to Superior Vena Cava in an Adult with Tetralogy of Fallot  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Congenital   aortocaval   fistula in association with complex congenital heart disease has never been described before. We represent an adult with tetralogy of fallot and an undiagnosed subclavian artery to superior vena cava fistula in previous catheterisms. He underwent surgical correction, successfully. After 8 months post operation he was doing well with improved functional capacity and no cyanosis.

Soheila Chamanian

2014-11-01

118

Trombosis de vena cava inferior y endocarditis en un paciente prematuro: Caso clínico / Inferior vena cava thrombosis and endocarditis in a premature patient: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La trombosis de la vena cava inferior corresponde a un porcentaje importante de las trombosis venosas en la etapa neonatal, generalmente asociado a factores de riesgo como el uso de catéter venoso central. La incidencia de endocarditis bacteriana en recién nacidos prematuros es baja. Objetivos: Cara [...] cterizar el caso de un neonato pretérmino en que se asociaron ambas patologías y detallar el espectro cambiante de esta enfermedad en la población neonatal y sus posibilidades terapéuticas. Caso clínico: Recién nacido prematuro de 31 + 5 semanas de gestación, que presentó bacteriemia por Enterococo faecalis, evolucionó con trombosis progresiva de la vena cava inferior y aurícula derecha secundaria al uso de catéter venoso umbilical, con posterior diagnóstico de endocarditis. Se manejó con anticoagulación con heparina de bajo peso molecular en forma subcutánea, dada evolución favorable, se decidió continuar manejo médico con terapia anticoagulante por 4-6 semanas, y al alta manejo con aspirina. Conclusiones: El neonato pretérmino con endocarditis infecciosa y trombo intracardiaco presentan un dilema interesante de manejo, por lo cual se debe individualizar el tratamiento según la evolución clínica y el perfil de seguridad de los agentes trombolíticos y/o anticoagulantes. La disponibilidad y las ventajas de la heparina de bajo peso molecular ha dado lugar a su uso como una alternativa de tratamiento en neonatos y niños con trombosis venosa profunda. Abstract in english Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava represents a significant percentage of all venous thrombosis that take place during the neonatal period, generally associated with risk factors such as the use of central venous catheter. The incidence of bacterial endocarditis in preterm infants is low. Objectiv [...] es: To characterize the case of a preterm neonate with both conditions and to detail the disease changing spectrum in the neonatal population and its therapeutic possibilities. Case report: Premature newborn, 31 + 5 weeks of gestation who presented Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia, developed progressive thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and right atrium secondary to the use of umbilical venous catheter, with subsequent diagnosis of endocarditis. He was treated with anticoagulation with subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin. Given a favorable evolution, it was decided to continue the anticoagulation therapy for 4-6 weeks, and at the time of discharge, aspirin treatment was given. Conclusions: The preterm infant with infective endocarditis and intracardiac thrombus presents an interesting management dilemma. Treatment should be individualized according to the clinical evolution and safety profile of thrombolytic and/or anticoagulant agents. Availability and advantages of low molecular weight heparin have led to its use as an alternative treatment in neonates and infants with deep venous thrombosis.

Andrea, Parra Buitrago; Natalia Andrea, Valencia Zuluaga; Andrés Felipe, Uribe Murillo.

2014-12-01

119

Implantation of a Resynchronization Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator in a Patient with Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Implantation of resynchronization implantable cardioverter defibrillator was performed in a patient with persistent left superior vena cava. A dual coil defibrillation lead was inserted in the right ventricle apex via a small innominate vein. Left ventricular and atrial leads were implanted through persistent left superior vena cava. Left ventricular lead was easily implanted into the postero lateral vein. Pacing thresholds and sensing values were excellent and remained stable at 18 months follow-up. Presence of persistent left superior vena cava generally makes transvenous lead implantation difficult. However when a favorable coronary sinus anatomy is also present, it may facilitate left ventricular lead positioning in the coronary sinus branches.

Dante Antonelli

2007-10-01

120

Rapid evaluation by lung-cardiac-inferior vena cava (LCI integrated ultrasound for differentiating heart failure from pulmonary disease as the cause of acute dyspnea in the emergency setting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Rapid and accurate diagnosis and management can be lifesaving for patients with acute dyspnea. However, making a differential diagnosis and selecting early treatment for patients with acute dyspnea in the emergency setting is a clinical challenge that requires complex decision-making in order to achieve hemodynamic balance, improve functional capacity, and decrease mortality. In the present study, we examined the screening potential of rapid evaluation by lung-cardiac-inferior vena cava (LCI integrated ultrasound for differentiating acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS from primary pulmonary disease in patients with acute dyspnea in the emergency setting. Methods Between March 2011 and March 2012, 90 consecutive patients (45 women, 78.1?±?9.9?years admitted to the emergency room of our hospital for acute dyspnea were enrolled. Within 30?minutes of admission, all patients underwent conventional physical examination, rapid ultrasound (lung-cardiac-inferior vena cava [LCI] integrated ultrasound examination with a hand-held device, routine laboratory tests, measurement of brain natriuretic peptide, and chest X-ray in the emergency room. Results The final diagnosis was acute dyspnea due to AHFS in 53 patients, acute dyspnea due to pulmonary disease despite a history of heart failure in 18 patients, and acute dyspnea due to pulmonary disease in 19 patients. Lung ultrasound alone showed a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 96.2, 54.0, 90.9, and 75.0%, respectively, for differentiating AHFS from pulmonary disease. On the other hand, LCI integrated ultrasound had a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 94.3, 91.9, 91.9, and 94.3%, respectively. Conclusions Our study demonstrated that rapid evaluation by LCI integrated ultrasound is extremely accurate for differentiating acute dyspnea due to AHFS from that caused by primary pulmonary disease in the emergency setting.

Kajimoto Katsuya

2012-12-01

121

Ausência de veia cava inferior: relato de caso / Absence of the inferior vena cava: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A ausência congênita de veia cava inferior é achado incomum e ocasional durante exames complementares ou cirurgias do abdome. Em razão de a maioria dos pacientes sem outras malformações serem assintomáticos, há dificuldade em estimar a prevalência dessas anomalias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi rela [...] tar o caso de um paciente de 28 anos, sexo masculino, referido para radiografia de tórax devido a quadro de febre alta (39ºC) não-responsiva à medicação. Radiografia de tórax sugeriu dilatação de veia ázigos. Em inquérito dirigido para sintomas cardiovasculares, referiu dor torácica (durante atividade física e em repouso) e dispneia ocasionais durante o sono associada ao período em que intensificou a prática de exercícios. Realizada tomografia computadorizada sem contraste e, posteriormente, contrastada. As mesmas não esclareceram o caso, fazendo-se necessário angiotomografia, a qual evidenciou ausência de veia cava inferior torácica. Abstract in english The congenital absence of the inferior vena cava is a rare and occasional finding at complementary exams or abdominal surgeries. As the majority of patients without other malformations are asymptomatic, it is hard to estimate the prevalence of these anomalies. Our goal was to report a case of a 28-y [...] ear-old patient, male, referred to thorax X-ray due to high fever state (39ºC), nonresponder to medication. The X-ray suggested azygos vein dilatation. The interview about cardiovascular symptoms revealed thoracic pain during both physical exercises and at rest, and occasional dyspnea during sleep related to the period of intensification of physical exercises. Computadorized tomography with and without contrast did not solve the case, what explain the request of an angiotomography, that showed absence of thoracic inferior vena cava.

Elton Correia, Alves; Gabriela Bóia Rocha, Ferro; Luciana Karla Lira, França; Mabel Batista, Jacó; Guilherme Benjamin Brandão, Pitta.

2010-12-01

122

Indications, Management, and Complications of Temporary Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: We describe the results of a preliminary prospective study using different recently developed temporary and retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. Methods: Fifty temporary IVC filters (Guenther, Guenther Tulip, Antheor) were inserted in 47 patients when the required period of protection against pulmonary embolism (PE) was estimated to be less than 2 weeks. The indications were documented deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and temporary contraindications for anticoagulation, a high risk for PE, and PE despite DVT prophylaxis. Results: Filters were removed 1-12 days after placement and nine (18%) had captured thrombi. Complications were one PE during and after removal of a filter, two minor filter migrations, and one IVC thrombosis. Conclusion: Temporary filters are effective in trapping clots and protecting against PE, and the complication rate does not exceed that of permanent filters. They are an alternative when protection from PE is required temporarily, and should be considered in patients with a normal life expectancy

123

Indications, management, and complications of temporary inferior vena cava filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: We describe the results of a preliminary prospective study using different recently developed temporary and retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters.Methods: Fifty temporary IVC filters (Guenther, Guenther Tulip, Antheor) were inserted in 47 patients when the required period of protection against pulmonary embolism (PE) was estimated to be less than 2 weeks. The indications were documented deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and temporary contraindications for anticoagulation, a high risk for PE, and PE despite DVT prophylaxis.Results: Filters were removed 1-12 days after placement and nine (18%) had captured thrombi. Complications were one PE during and after removal of a filter, two minor filter migrations, and one IVC thrombosis.Conclusion: Temporary filters are effective in trapping clots and protecting against PE, and the complication rate does not exceed that of permanent filters. They are an alternative when protection from PE is required temporarily, and should be considered in patients with a normal life expectancy.

124

[Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm into the inferior vena cava].  

Science.gov (United States)

Aorto-caval fistula is a rare complication of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm /AAA/, and it occurs when the aneurysm ruptures into inferior vena cava. Literature indicates that such a communication is present in less than 2% of the elective AAA resections and in 3%-6.97% of the cases of AAA ruptures. From 1986 and 2000 in the University Hospital "St. Ekaterina" 207 elective AAA cases and 43 ruptured AAA cases underwent surgery. In 2 cases (4.65% of the ruptured AAA) we encountered aorto-caval communication. We report a patient with infrarenal AAA having significant oedema of lower extremities bilaterally, treated in another hospital for iron deficiency anemia and vegetative disorders. Patient presented for consultation and abdominal Echo showed AAA. The angiogram performed demonstrated aorto-caval fistula. At surgery bifurcated graft was implanted successfully. This is the first case of diagnosed prior to surgery aorto-caval fistula followed by successful surgery reported in Bulgaria. PMID:12024653

Drenovski, V; Kirilova, K; Chervenkov, V; Tonev, A; Angelov, V

2001-01-01

125

Inferior vena cava filter removal after 317-day implantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A Günther Tulip inferior vena cava (IVC) filter was placed prophylactically in a 22-year-old trauma victim with spinal injuries. Attempts to retrieve the filter at 21 and 25 days after placement were aborted as a result of clot trapped in the filter. Despite the possible risk of an IVC laceration, a third attempt was made 317 days after placement in view of the young age of the patient. The filter started collapsing into the retrieval sheath but could not easily be separated from the IVC. During attempted redeployment, the filter would not reopen. The filter was ultimately retrieved with use of additional force. A mild stenosis of the IVC was noted immediately after retrieval. However, the IVC returned to its preretrieval diameter as seen on a 3-month follow-up venogram. PMID:15758137

Binkert, Christoph A; Bansal, Anu; Gates, Jonathan D

2005-03-01

126

Renal vein and inferior vena cava involvement in renal adenocarcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper demonstrates the effectiveness of GRASS sequences for detecting venous extension of renal cell carcinoma. Forty-five consecutive patients with proved renal cell carcinoma were studied with a 1.5-T system. GRASS sequences were performed in addition to spin-echo T1- and T2-weighted sequences. MR images were evaluated by two reviewers in a blinded fashion. MR findings were subsequently correlated with CT and pathologic findings. GRASS images depicted tumor thrombus in the main renal vein in 13/45 patients and in the inferior vena cava (IVC) in 5/45 patients. There were two false-positive and two false-negative findings for renal vein extensions. Patency of the IVC was correctly assessed in all cases; the cephalic extent of the caval thrombus was correctly delineated in 5/5 cases. In all cases, GRASS sequences were superior to spin-echo MR imaging in evaluation of the extent of tumor invasion

127

Temporary vena cava filter for the thrombolytic treatment of venous thrombosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the value of the temporary vena cava filter in the prevention of ectopic embolism formation in cases with thrombolytic therapy of venous thrombosis. Methods: Of 11 patients, 10 suffered from venous thrombosis of lower limb and 1 from thrombosis of right internal jugular vein with persistent truncus arteriosus were treated by inserting permanent or temporary vena cava filter via median vein. Results: In all 11 case control of symptoms followed this treatment occurred 7 to 15 days, thrombi were completely or partly dissolute, the blood vessels re-canalized, and finally removed the temporary vena cava filter. There were no complication and ectopic emboli related to thrombolytic therapy. Conclusions: The observation indicated that temporary vena cava filter insertion is safe and effective to prevent ectopic embolism in thrombolytic therapy of venous thrombosis

128

Clinical Sequelae of Thrombus in an Inferior Vena Cava Filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term clinical sequelae of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter thrombus and the effect of anticoagulation on filter thrombus. Of 1,718 patients who had IVC filters placed during 2001-2008, 598 (34.8%) had follow-up abdominal CT. Filter thrombus was seen in 111 of the 598 (18.6%). There were 44 men (39.6%). The mean age at filter placement was 64 years. The medical diseases included cancer in 64, trauma in 15, stroke in 12, and others in 20. The frequency of filter thrombus on CT and asymptomatic filter thrombus on CT was calculated. The frequency of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with filter thrombus was calculated. The frequency of thrombus progression or regression (on CT, available in 56) was calculated. The effect of anticoagulation on filter thrombus regression/progression was evaluated using the Fisher exact test by comparing the group of patients who received anticoagulants versus those who did not. A P-value of <0.05 was considered significant. The overall frequency of filter thrombus was 18.6%. Total occlusion of the IVC filter was seen in 12 of 598 (2%). The filter thrombus was asymptomatic in 110 (18.3%). Filter thrombus was detected after a median of 35 days (range, 0-2082) following filter placement. Thrombus extended above the filter in 4 (3.6%); IVC thrombus below the filter was seen in 35(31.5%). Thrombus in the filter occluded <25% of the filter volume in 58 (52.3%), 25-50% in 21 (18.9%), and 50-75% in .3%), 25-50% in 21 (18.9%), and 50-75% in 20 (18%). Total IVC occlusion was seen in 12 (10.8%). Eighty-three patients received anticoagulation. Sixteen patients developed symptoms of PE. PE was confirmed on CT in 3 of 15 (2.7%). On follow-up, filter thrombus regressed completely in 19 (33.9%) after a median of 6 months. Filter thrombus decreased in size in 13 (23.2%) and it progressed without IVC occlusion in 7 (12.6%). In one (1.7%), filter thrombus progressed to IVC occlusion. Filter thrombus remained stable in 16 (28.6%). There was no significant difference in thrombus regression or progression rates whether or not the patients received anticoagulation for filter thrombus. In conclusion, asymptomatic thrombus in the filter is common and it rarely progresses to complete caval occlusion. Anticoagulation has little effect on the resolution of filter thrombosis and future occurrence of PE.

129

Simon nitinol vena cava filters: effectiveness and complications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of the simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter (SNF) for prevention of pulmonary embolism. Patients and Methods: 117 patients (63 male, 54 female; aged 58.38 ± 14.59 years) underwent percutaneous implantation of an SNF from 1993 through 1999. Patient reports were retrospectively analysed for complications during and after implantation and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism before and after implantation. Helical-CT with contrast media and plain abdominal radiography were performed on 35 patients, helical-CT alone on two patients. We checked the position and configuration of the SNF and looked for a perforation of the filter legs through the wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC). The IVC and deep pelvic veins were analysed for patency. Results: During implantation 10 of 117 (9%) patients had minor complications, major complications were reported in 0.9% (1/117). There was no significant increase in thrombosis of the deep pelvic veins and the IVC after implantation. Pulmonary re-embolism (PE) was documented in 9 out of 117 patients (7.7%). One out of the 35 examined patients (2.9%) showed a single strut fracture of the SNF. Tilting more than 15 was seen in 7 out of 37 patients (19%). Dislocation of the SNF more than 10 mm occurred in one out of 35 patients (2.9%), perforation through the wall of the IVC in all 37 patients. We found no occlusion of the IVpatients. We found no occlusion of the IVC. (orig.)

130

Venous Thromboembolism After Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of new or recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) after retrieval of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters and risk factors associated with such recurrence. Between March 2001 and September 2008, at our institution, implanted retrievable vena cava filters were retrieved in 76 patients. The incidence of new or recurrent VTE after retrieval was reviewed and numerous variables were analyzed to assess risk factors for redevelopment of VTE after filter retrieval. In 5 (6.6%) of the 76 patients, redevelopment or worsening of VTE was seen after retrieval of the filter. Three patients (4.0%) had recurrent deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities and 2 (2.6%) had development of pulmonary embolism, resulting in death. Although there was no significant difference in the incidence of new or recurrent VTE related to any risk factor investigated, a tendency for development of VTE after filter retrieval was higher in patients in whom DVT in the lower extremities had been so severe during filter implantation that interventional radiological therapies in addition to traditional anticoagulation therapies were required (40% in patients with recurrent VTE vs. 23% in those without VTE; p = 0.5866 according to Fisher's exact probability test) and in patients in whom DVT remained at the time of filter retrieval (60% in patients with recurrent VTE vs. 37% in those without VTE; p = 0.3637). In conclusion, new or recurrent VTE was r In conclusion, new or recurrent VTE was rare after retrieval of IVC filters but was most likely to occur in patients who had severe DVT during filter implantation and/or in patients with a DVT that remained at the time of filter retrieval. We must point out that the fatality rate from PE after filter removal was high (2.6%).

131

125I brachytherapy seeds implantation for inoperable low-grade leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 60-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and tenderness of five-day duration. Contrast enhanced CT showed a mass of 9 x 6 x 5.5 cm in size with almost complete obliteration of the inferior vena cava and massive extension to the extravascular space. CT-guided biopsy demonstrated a low-grade leiomyosarcoma. The patient underwent 125Iodine seeds implantation in two sessions, and another balloon cavoplasty. Abdominal pain and tenderness gradually improved and the patient continues to remain as disease free state for three years after the procedures.

132

Recurrent fracture of a recovery inferior vena cava filter with pulmonary migration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are indicated in patients with venous thromboembolic disease in whom standard anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated or ineffective. A 32-year-old female presented to our hospital with chest pain 5 years after IVC filter placement. Imaging revealed sequential fracturing and embolization of two of the IVC filter arms to the pulmonary arteries. IVC filter fracture and subsequent migration to the lung is a rare complication. Systematic long-term follow-up in patients with IVC filters and, if possible, filter removal should be considered to prevent possible complications. PMID:22737054

Vossen, Josephina Anna; Thawait, Shrey Kumar; Golia, Jennifer Susan; Chamarthy, Murthy; Cholewczynski, Walter; Velasco, Noel

2012-06-01

133

Percutaneous removal of a Bard Simon nitinol permanent inferior vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used to treat thromboembolic disease when there is a contraindication to anticoagulation or failure of therapeutic anticoagulation therapy. Although there are retrievable IVC filters available, permanent IVC filters remain the most commonly placed IVC filters worldwide. Permanent IVC filters have been associated with long-term complications such as IVC thrombosis and obstruction, migration, and erosion into surrounding structures. Such complications may require removal of permanent IVC filters, which has been previously described with open surgery involving venotomy of the IVC. We report a case of a Bard Simon Nitinol permanent IVC filter that was removed by using percutaneous endovascular techniques. PMID:23820181

Johnstone, Jill K; Fleming, Mark D; Costopoulos, Mark G; Bjarnason, Haraldur

2012-12-01

134

Congenital absence of the azygos vein with persistent left superior vena cava: A case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Absence of the azygos vein is a very rare variant of venous tributary arrangement which has been reported only in few cases so far. We hereby introduce the chest radiographic and computed tomographic findings of the congenital absence of the azygos vein with bilateral superior vena cava, incidentally detected during a follow-up for rectal cancer. The hemiazygos vein is drained into persistent left superior vena cava via left superior intercostal vein, so called the 'aortic nipple'.

Yim, Young Hee; Yi, Jeong Geun; Song, In Young; Park, Jeong Hee [Dept. of Radiology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15

135

Inferior vena cava hypoplasia with right hepatic vein and accessory inferior hepatic vein shunt.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) hypoplasia is a rare condition. Venous blood flow is usually provided through collaterals in the azygos or hemiazygos venous systems. However, portosystemic shunts with intrahepatic venous collateral are extremely rare. The case is presented here of a large shunt between the right hepatic vein, accessory inferior hepatic vein, and inferior vena cava in a 37-year-old female patient with IVC hypoplasia. PMID:24590531

Cullu, N; Yeniçeri, O; Deveer, M; Tetiker, H

2014-02-01

136

Inferior vena cava aneurysm in an infant presenting with a renal mass.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aneurysm of the inferior vena cava is a rare finding in the pediatric population. We report the case of a 5-month-old infant presenting with anemia, hypertension, and dehydration in the emergency room. A renal mass was found with ultrasound and MRI and a renal tumor was first considered. Histopathologic review of the surgical specimen led to the diagnosis of aneurysmal dilatation of the vena cava. PMID:24390451

Unzueta-Roch, José L; García-Abós, Miriam; Sirvent-Cerdá, Sara; de Prada, Inmaculada; Martínez de Azagra, Amelia; Ollero, Jose M; Madero-López, Luis

2014-10-01

137

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in a Patient with Polycytemia Vera: Diagnosis and Treatment  

OpenAIRE

Polycythemia vera is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by thrombotic complications both in the arterial and venous systems. We report the case of a 55-year-old patient affected by polycythemia vera, presenting with acute superior vena cava syndrome due to thrombosis of the upper part of the superior vena cava. Diagnosis was done clinically and by computed tomography scan and showed an unusual finding: an air bubble trapped in the brachiocephalic venous trunk. The patient underwe...

Francesco Spinelli; Filippo Benedetto; Mario Barone; Salvatore Lentini

2010-01-01

138

STRUCTURE OF THE Vena cava caudalis OF THE DOG (Canis familiaris) / ESTRUCTURA DE LA VENA CAVA CAUDAL DEL PERRO (Canis familiaris)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este trabajo fue proporcionar datos exactos que permitan indentificar la estructura y comportamiento de los elementos "tisulares" presentes en las porciones de origen "pre renal" y "post renal" de la pared de la vena cava caudal del perro. Las observaciones nos permitieron concluir qu [...] e la la vena cava caudal es un vaso fibromuscular que tiene la capacidad para propulsar la sangre venosa de vuelta al atrio derecho Abstract in english The objective of the present study was to provide precise data that would permit the identification of the structure and behavior of tissue elements present in the portion of origin and in the prerenal and postrenal portions of the wall of the caudal vena cava of the dog. The observations made permi [...] tted us to conclude that this is a fibromuscular vessel with the ability to propel venous blood returning to the right atrium

Josiane, Medeiros de Mello; Carlos Roberto, Piffer; Antonio Marcos, Orsi; Maria Lúcia, Eleutério.

139

Vena cava filter insertion and the general surgery armamentarium: a 13-year experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevention of pulmonary emboli has a long surgical history. Through the development of percutaneous technologies, vena cava filters (VCFs) are now commonly inserted by interventional radiologists. This study reviews our experience with VCFs inserted by general surgeons. We retrospectively reviewed data from our VCF performance improvement database, which is a prospective collection of the VCF experience of the Department of General Surgery from February 1996 to May 2009. Demographics, procedural information, and complications were recorded. Eight hundred fifty-five VCFs were inserted in 853 patients. The mean age was 42.0 years (range, 14 to 90 years). One hundred ninety-seven VCFs were placed in the operating room, and 658 were placed in the intensive care unit. Twelve VCFs were intentionally inserted in a suprarenal position, and four were placed in the superior vena cava. Two patients received both superior vena cava and inferior vena cava filters. Complications included deep vein thrombosis at the insertion site (n=16), vena cava thrombosis (n=9), post-VCF pulmonary embolism (n=2), and a ventricle perforation requiring operative repair (n=1). No deaths were attributed to the presence of a VCF. Overall insertion success was 99.8 per cent. In two patients, an inferior VCF could not be placed as a result of inferior vena cava occlusion with no safe "landing zone" for deployment. The placement of VCFs is a vital skill in the general surgery armamentarium. Our experience demonstrates that general surgeons can safely insert VCFs with minimal perioperative complications. PMID:20698376

Sing, Ronald F; Nguyen, Phuong H; Christmas, A Britton; Jacobs, David G; Heniford, B Todd

2010-07-01

140

Superior vena cava obstruction in small-cell lung cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To identify prognostic or treatment factors influencing the response of superior vena cava obstruction (SVCO), time to SVCO recurrence, and overall survival of SCLC patients with SVCO at presentation; and to assess the role of retreatment in patients with SVCO at recurrent or persistent disease. Methods and Materials: Between January 1983 and November 1993, 76 consecutive patients who had small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) with SVCO were treated in our institution. Analysis was done according to the disease status at diagnosis of SVCO. The first analysis concerned a group of 50 patients who had SVCO at initial presentation. The second analysis concerned a group who had SVCO as a manifestation of persistent or recurrent disease. Results: In the first analysis, 93% had significant improvement in symptoms of SVCO after chemotherapy and 94% after mediastinal radiation. Response is almost universal despite a wide range of radiation fractionation and total dose used. Seventy percent remained SVCO-free before death. Thirty percent developed recurrence of SVCO symptoms 1-16 months (median 8) after the start of initial treatment. Those who received combined chemotherapy and radiation had a longer time to SVCO recurrence (p = 0.018) compared to those who received chemotherapy alone. This effect is mainly seen in limited-stage patients. The presence of SVCO recurrence tends to have an adverse effect on the overall survival (p = 0.077) irrespective of the time when the recurr) irrespective of the time when the recurrences occurred (p = 0.296). The median survival of this whole group of 50 patients in the first analysis was 9.5 months, and the 2-year survival was 10%. Stage was strongly predictive of survival (p < 0.001). Sixteen percent (3 of 19) of the patients with limited-stage diseases were long-term survivors (two patients survived 35 months and one survived 70 months). The early mortality from SVCO was 2%. In the second analysis, 85% had previously been treated with chemotherapy alone. The response rate of SVCO in the analysable patients (n = 39) was 77%. There was no significant difference in the response rate of SVCO to treatment comparing patients treated by chemotherapy first or mediastinal radiation first (p = 0.653), but most patients [82% (32 of 39)] received radiation as the initially treatment of SVCO. Ninety-three percent (38 of 41) received mediastinal radiation as a part of their ultimate retreatment regimen, and 68% (28 of 41) received mediastinal radiation as their sole retreatment regimen. Thirty-two percent (13 of 41) received chemotherapy as a part of their ultimate retreatment regimen, and only 7% received chemotherapy alone as their sole retreatment regimen. Eighty-three percent (25 of 30) of those whose SVCO responded remained free of SVCO before death, with a median survival of 3 months after recurrent or persistent disease documented. Conclusion: Chemotherapy or mediastinal radiation is very effective as an initial treatment in SCLC patients with SVCO at presentation and at recurrent or persistent disease. There is no obvious need to use big radiation fraction sizes for the first few radiation treatment as was previously believed. In patients with recurrent or persistent SCLC with SVCO, especially in those who previously received chemotherapy only, we have more experience in incorporating mediastinal radiation as a major component of the palliative regimen with highly effective and durable palliation achieved

141

Agenesia de veia cava inferior associada à trombose venosa profunda Agenesis of inferior vena cava associated with deep venous thrombosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A agenesia da veia cava inferior é uma anomalia congênita rara, que foi recentemente identificada como um importante fator de risco para o desenvolvimento e a recorrência de trombose venosa profunda de membros inferiores em jovens. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso de uma paciente que apresentou trombose venosa profunda dois meses após a realização de cirurgia de varizes. A angiotomografia computadorizada demonstrou a presença de anomalia venosa complexa com ausência da veia cava inferior.The agenesis of the inferior vena cava is a rare congenital anomaly, which was recently identified as an important risk factor for the development and recurrence of deep venous thrombosis especially in young people. The goal of this work was to report the case of a patient who presented deep venous thrombosis approximately two months after varicose vein surgery. The computerized angiotomography demonstrated the presence of a complex venous anomaly with absence of the inferior vena cava.

Clovis Luis Konopka

2010-09-01

142

Leiomiossarcoma da veia cava inferior: relato de caso / Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relatamos um caso de paciente do sexo feminino, 48 anos, com quadro clínico de dor abdominal de moderada intensidade e abaulamento do abdome. Ao exame físico constatou-se massa abdominal palpável. A tomografia computadorizada mostrou volumosa massa retroperitoneal, com realce heterogêneo e íntima re [...] lação com a veia cava inferior. Realizou-se ressecção em bloco da massa e do segmento invadido da veia cava. A histologia revelou leiomiossarcoma. Abstract in english The authors report a case of a 48 year-old female patient with moderate abdominal pain and bulging in the abdomen. Physical examination demonstrated the presence of a palpable abdominal mass. Computed tomography showed a heterogeneously enhancing retroperitoneal mass in close contact with the inferi [...] or vena cava. En bloc resection of the mass and of the attached vena cava segment was performed. Histological analysis revealed leiomyosarcoma.

Rafael Lemos, Nascif; Ana Graziela Santana, Antón; Gabriel Lacerda, Fernandes; George Caldas, Dantas; Vinícius de Araújo, Gomes; Marcelo Ricardo Canuto, Natal.

2014-12-01

143

Leiomiossarcoma da veia cava inferior: relato de caso / Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Relatamos um caso de paciente do sexo feminino, 48 anos, com quadro clínico de dor abdominal de moderada intensidade e abaulamento do abdome. Ao exame físico constatou-se massa abdominal palpável. A tomografia computadorizada mostrou volumosa massa retroperitoneal, com realce heterogêneo e íntima re [...] lação com a veia cava inferior. Realizou-se ressecção em bloco da massa e do segmento invadido da veia cava. A histologia revelou leiomiossarcoma. Abstract in english The authors report a case of a 48 year-old female patient with moderate abdominal pain and bulging in the abdomen. Physical examination demonstrated the presence of a palpable abdominal mass. Computed tomography showed a heterogeneously enhancing retroperitoneal mass in close contact with the inferi [...] or vena cava. En bloc resection of the mass and of the attached vena cava segment was performed. Histological analysis revealed leiomyosarcoma.

Rafael Lemos, Nascif; Ana Graziela Santana, Antón; Gabriel Lacerda, Fernandes; George Caldas, Dantas; Vinícius de Araújo, Gomes; Marcelo Ricardo Canuto, Natal.

2014-12-01

144

Cine computed tomography for diagnosis of superior vena cava obstruction following the mustard operation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Superior vena caval obstruction is a well described complication following Mustard's repair for transposition of the great arteries. We report a case of a 6-year-old child with superior vena cava obstruction correctly diagnosed by Cine-CT. The advantages of imaging with Cine-CT for this complication are discussed. (orig.)

145

CT demonstration of venous collaterals with occlusion or agenesis of the vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The value of computer tomography in the demonstration of venous collaterals in cases with occlusion or malformation of the superior and inferior vena cava has been demonstrated in five patients. The ascending lumbar veins and the vena azygos are of special significance in the formation of collaterals. (orig.)

146

Successful Percutaneous Retrieval of an Inferior Vena Cava Filter Migrating to the Right Ventricle in a Bariatric Patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of an inferior vena cava filter has an important role in the management of patients who are at high risk for development of pulmonary embolism. Migration is a rare but known complication of inferior vena cava filter placement. We herein describe a case of a prophylactic retrievable vena cava filter migrating to the right ventricle in a bariatric patient. The filter was retrieved percutaneously by transjugular approach and the patient did well postoperatively. A review of the current literature is given.

147

Filtros de vena cava inferior en posición suprarrenal / Suprarenal inferior vena cava filters. Retrospective review of 30 cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are used to prevent massive pulmonary embolism in cases where anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed. It is usually implanted below the renal veins. In a few cases it is necessary to deploy the filter above them, with theoretical rísk of seconda [...] ry renal failure. Aim: To report the experience with filters located above the renal veins. Patients and Methods: Medical records of all patients with percutaneous suprarenal filters are reviewed. Results: Between May 1993 and May 2007, 361 percutaneous IVC filter procedures were performed. In thirty patients aged 19 to 77 years (average 48years, 50% males), they were placed in suprarenalposition (8,3%). Suprarenal IVC filters were implanted in patients with extensive caval thrombosis, renal vein thrombosis extending to cava, displacement of previous IVC filters and double IVC system. Jugular vein approach was the access of choice. Technical success was 100%, no death or pulmonary embolism occurred. Patients were followed from 1 to 165 months (average 57 months). Eight deaths were recorded, five in patients with cáncer No patient had renal failure on follow up (average creatinine 0.90+0,26 mg/dL). Three patients developed a new deep vein thrombosis (10%), without pulmonary embolism. Conclusions: In this retrospective analysis of patients, suprarenal placement of IVC filters was not associated to secondary renal failure, and showed good short and long term results.

Leopoldo, Mariné M; Renato, Mertens M; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Francisco, Valdés E; Michel, Bergoeing R; Ivette, Arriagada J; Jeanette, Vergara G; Claudia, Carvajal N.

1535-15-01

148

Filtros de vena cava inferior en posición suprarrenal Suprarenal inferior vena cava filters. Retrospective review of 30 cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Inferior vena cava (IVC filters are used to prevent massive pulmonary embolism in cases where anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed. It is usually implanted below the renal veins. In a few cases it is necessary to deploy the filter above them, with theoretical rísk of secondary renal failure. Aim: To report the experience with filters located above the renal veins. Patients and Methods: Medical records of all patients with percutaneous suprarenal filters are reviewed. Results: Between May 1993 and May 2007, 361 percutaneous IVC filter procedures were performed. In thirty patients aged 19 to 77 years (average 48years, 50% males, they were placed in suprarenalposition (8,3%. Suprarenal IVC filters were implanted in patients with extensive caval thrombosis, renal vein thrombosis extending to cava, displacement of previous IVC filters and double IVC system. Jugular vein approach was the access of choice. Technical success was 100%, no death or pulmonary embolism occurred. Patients were followed from 1 to 165 months (average 57 months. Eight deaths were recorded, five in patients with cáncer No patient had renal failure on follow up (average creatinine 0.90+0,26 mg/dL. Three patients developed a new deep vein thrombosis (10%, without pulmonary embolism. Conclusions: In this retrospective analysis of patients, suprarenal placement of IVC filters was not associated to secondary renal failure, and showed good short and long term results.

Leopoldo Mariné M

2008-12-01

149

A rare case of a complete left inferior vena cava associated with the symptoms of Dunbar syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of an 82-year-old female with an anomalous left inferior vena cava. The left inferior vena cava ascends parallel and to the left of the descending abdominal aorta. At the level of the celiac trunk, the inferior vena cava courses anteriorly and to the right to reach the posterior surface of the liver. The patient also suffers from chronic mild postprandial abdominal pain. It is possible that position of inferior vena cava anterior to the aorta, at the level of the celiac trunk, may lead to intermittent celiac artery compression syndrome (Dunbar syndrome). PMID:21322050

Wartmann, Christopher T; Kinsella, Christopher R; Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios

2011-03-01

150

Interventional approaches in VTE treatment (vena cava filters, catheter-guided thrombolysis, thrombosuction).  

Science.gov (United States)

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is the third most common cardiovascular pathology after coronary disease and cerebrovascular diseases and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in the general population. Full-dose anticoagulation is the standard therapy for VTE, both the acute phase and the prolonged treatment. The latest guidelines of the American College of Chest Physicians recommend treatment with a full-dose of unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH), fondaparinux, vitamin K antagonist (VKA), or systemically administered thrombolytics for most of the patients with objectively confirmed VTE. Catheter-guided thrombolysis and thrombosuction are interventional approaches that should be used only in selected populations; interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC) with a filter can be performed to prevent life-threatening PE in patients with VTE and contraindications to anticoagulant treatment, bleeding complications during antithrombotic treatment, or VTE recurrences, despite optimal anticoagulation. This review summarizes the currently available literature regarding interventional approaches in VTE treatment (vena cava filters, catheter-guided thrombolysis, thrombosuction), discusses their efficacy and safety, and reviews the appropriate indications for their use in daily clinical practice. PMID:22648490

Imberti, Davide; Maraldi, Cinzia; Gallerani, Massimo

2012-04-01

151

Percutaneous placement of bird's nest inferior vena cava filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To describe clinical experiences of the use of Bird's Nest inferior vena cava(IVC) filter. Between August 1991 and August 1997, IVC filter was percutaneously inserted in 51 patients with pulmonary embolism(PE) and deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. Indications for the placement of this filter were contraindication to anticoagulation in 17 patients, prophylaxis of PE in 17, failed anticoagulation in 11, massive PE with residual floating thrombus in three and complications involving anticoagulation in 3. In order to delineate the location of renal vein and extension of deep vein thrombosis into the IVC, all patients under went inferior vena cavography before filter placement. Thirty filters were inserted through the right femoral vein, 19 through the right internal jugular vein and three through the left femoral vein. The patients involved were followed up for periods ranging from one week to six years (mean 10 months). A Bird's Nest IVC filter was placed in the infrarenal IVC in 44 patients and in the suprarenal IVC in 7. Certain complicatioins ensued. IVC penetration occurred in three patients(5.9%), and in seven(1.37%) the filter wire prolapsed. Except for transient pain, however, there were no serious IVC penetration-related complications and no evidence of recurrence of PE in the cases involving prolapse of the filter wire. During follow up, clinically suspected recurrent PE was noted in two patients(3.9%), but there was no evidence of newly developed othere was no evidence of newly developed occlusion of the IVC. In patients who under went follow up, Bird's Nest IVC filter effectively prevented the development and recurrence of PE, and there were no complications. To prevent of penetration of the IVC and prolapse of the filter, however, technical skill was needed

152

Nursing care of the complications caused by vena cava filter placement and thrombolytic therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the nursing care and observation measures for the complications occurred after vena cava filter placement and thrombolytic therapy. Methods: During the period of July 2007-March 2010, vena cava filter placement and thrombolytic therapy were employed in 70 patients. The observation for the main procedure-related complications was made. The main complications included bleeding tendency, pulmonary embolism, filter migration or loss, thrombus formation within filter, IVC perforation due to filter, venous insufficiency and skin blisters of the affected lower extremity. Results: The total effective rate of thrombolytic treatment in 70 patients was 95.7%. As reasonable and effective nursing care measures were implemented, no major complications, such as pulmonary embolism, filter migration or loss,thrombus formation within filter, IVC perforation due to filter, infection, etc. occurred. The other complications developed in some patients,which included hematuria (n=4), bleeding at puncturing site (n=3), bleeding at abdominal incision (n=3), subcutaneous ecchymosis (n=3) and skin vesicles of diseased limb (n=3), all of which were cured after proper management. Conclusion: Postoperative nursing is a kind of prospective nursing care, the primary purpose of which is to prevent the occurrence of the potential complications after surgery. Therefore, solid fundamental knowledge, careful observation ability and strong consciousness of responsibility are most impnsciousness of responsibility are most important.(authors)

153

Concomitant pulmonary arteriovenous and inferior vena cava malformations. A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of pulmonary arterio-venous malformation (AVM) presenting with dyspnoea diagnosed by computer tomography (CT) and pulmonary angiography is reported. Venous anomalies in the form of agenesis of the iliac veins and the inferior vena cava (IVC), were discovered through femoral venograms performed after technical difficulties were encountered at pulmonary angiography performed via the femoral route. These venous anomalies co-existed with normal but dilated azygos and hemiazygos systems, and with the azygos appearing as a right hilar mass lesion which showed the "candy cane sign" on the lateral view on venography. A dilated varix at the confluence of the right renal vein and the IVC collaterals was also noted. This association of a pulmonary AVM and IVC agenesis has not been previously reported in the literature. The embryogenesis of the inferior vena cava and the azygos system is presented in an attempt to explain the rare association of these anomalies. The various techniques of diagnosing the disease entities, especially by CT, are discussed. The rare co-existence of pulmonary AVM and the absence of the IVC is emphasized. PMID:3383855

Hawass, N D; Kolawole, T M; Badawi, M G

1988-05-01

154

SISTEMATIZATION OF THE CRANIAL Vena cava IN BUFFALOS (Bubalus bubalis bubalis _ SIMPSON, 1945 SISTEMATIZACIÓN DE LA VENA CAVA CRANEAL EN BÚFALOS (Bubalus bubalis bubalis - SIMPSON, 1945  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The almost complete lack of knowledge of the anatomical characteristics of this race allows us, here, to study the circulatory system in relation to the veined drainage of the large systemic venous trunks _ the cava system. In the literature many reports can be found on the arterial vascular pattern in several areas of the body in domestic animals as well as in savages; conversely, there is a shortage of pertinent data on the veined vascular pattern. For the present work 25 animals were utilized with the object of dissecting and systemizing the vessels, animals were fetuses with ages of between 5 and 9 months, 15 being females and 10 males. In the cranial vena cava the following origin tributaries were observed: External right and left jugular veins and their collateral tributaries; the internal right and left jugular veins; the mediastinial and pericardial; the internal right and left thoracic; thymic; the right and left subclavian and the right and left costocervicalvertebral venous trunk, and occasionally the thoracic duct.Existe un escaso conocimiento de las características anatómicas del sistema circulatorio del búfalo (Bubalus bubalis bubalis con respecto al drenaje venoso de los grandes troncos venosos sistémicos, como el sistema cava. Sin embargo, pueden encontrarse en la literaratura muchos relatos del modelo vascular arterial, en varias áreas del cuerpo de animales domésticos y salvajes; pero son pocos los datos del modelo vascular venoso. Utilizamos 25 fetos de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis bubalis con edades entre 5 y 9 meses, 15 hembras y 10 machos, con el objetivo de sistematizar los grandes vasos venosos que conforman la vena cava craneal. En la vena cava craneal se observaron las siguientes venas tributarias: Venas yugulares externas derecha e izquierda y sus colaterales; yugulares internas derecha e izquierda; mediastínicas y pericárdicas; torácicas internas derecha e izquierda; tímica; subclavias derecha e izquierda y los troncos venosos costocervicalvertebrales derecho e izquierdo y, algunas veces, el conducto torácico.

Adelmar Afonso de Amorim Júnior

2002-01-01

155

SISTEMATIZATION OF THE CRANIAL Vena cava IN BUFFALOS (Bubalus bubalis bubalis _ SIMPSON, 1945) / SISTEMATIZACIÓN DE LA VENA CAVA CRANEAL EN BÚFALOS (Bubalus bubalis bubalis - SIMPSON, 1945)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Existe un escaso conocimiento de las características anatómicas del sistema circulatorio del búfalo (Bubalus bubalis bubalis) con respecto al drenaje venoso de los grandes troncos venosos sistémicos, como el sistema cava. Sin embargo, pueden encontrarse en la literaratura muchos relatos del modelo v [...] ascular arterial, en varias áreas del cuerpo de animales domésticos y salvajes; pero son pocos los datos del modelo vascular venoso. Utilizamos 25 fetos de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis bubalis) con edades entre 5 y 9 meses, 15 hembras y 10 machos, con el objetivo de sistematizar los grandes vasos venosos que conforman la vena cava craneal. En la vena cava craneal se observaron las siguientes venas tributarias: Venas yugulares externas derecha e izquierda y sus colaterales; yugulares internas derecha e izquierda; mediastínicas y pericárdicas; torácicas internas derecha e izquierda; tímica; subclavias derecha e izquierda y los troncos venosos costocervicalvertebrales derecho e izquierdo y, algunas veces, el conducto torácico. Abstract in english The almost complete lack of knowledge of the anatomical characteristics of this race allows us, here, to study the circulatory system in relation to the veined drainage of the large systemic venous trunks _ the cava system. In the literature many reports can be found on the arterial vascular pattern [...] in several areas of the body in domestic animals as well as in savages; conversely, there is a shortage of pertinent data on the veined vascular pattern. For the present work 25 animals were utilized with the object of dissecting and systemizing the vessels, animals were fetuses with ages of between 5 and 9 months, 15 being females and 10 males. In the cranial vena cava the following origin tributaries were observed: External right and left jugular veins and their collateral tributaries; the internal right and left jugular veins; the mediastinial and pericardial; the internal right and left thoracic; thymic; the right and left subclavian and the right and left costocervicalvertebral venous trunk, and occasionally the thoracic duct.

Adelmar Afonso, de Amorim Júnior; Marleyne José Afonso, Accioly Lins Amorim.

156

Bilateral breast swelling secondary to superior vena cava obstruction and subclavian vein thrombosis / Edema bilateral das mamas secundário a obstrução da veia cava superior e trombose de veia subclávia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndrome da veia cava superior é definida por um conjunto de sinais e sintomas secundários a uma obstrução da veia cava superior, causada principalmente por neoplasias malignas. Este relato de caso demonstra uma manifestação clínica incomum dessa síndrome, o edema bilateral das mamas, e destaca a [...] importância do conhecimento dos sinais mamográficos de doenças sistêmicas. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome is defined by a set of signs and symptoms secondary to superior vena cava obstruction caused principally by malignant diseases. The present report describes the case of an unusual clinical manifestation of this syndrome with bilateral breast swelling, and emphasizes the r [...] elevance of knowledge on mammographic signs of systemic diseases.

Ariadne Mayumi, Yamada; Ana Lucia Kefalas Oliveira, Melo; Gesner Pereira, Lopes; Genesio Borges de, Andrade Neto; Valesca Bizinoto, Monteiro; Renato Santos, Soares.

2013-07-01

157

Mesoaortic entrapment of a left inferior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A persistent left inferior vena cava (IVC is a rare anomaly, with a reported incidence of only 0.2-0.5%. When present, it courses between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta to continue as the right IVC, similar to the course of a left renal vein (LRV. This anomaly is usually asymptomatic, but there may be vague abdominal complaints if the IVC is compressed in the mesoaortic angle. Although symptomatic compression of the LRV (anterior nutcracker syndrome is well recognized, there has been only one report in the literature of a similar compression of a persistent left IVC. Because of its rarity, this anomaly may be missed or mistaken for other conditions on imaging. An accurate diagnosis is crucial as the presence of this anomaly may have implications for surgical treatment of aortic lesions or placement of an IVC filter. Magnetic resonance angiography and, more recently, multidetector computed tomography scan, can provide an exquisite three-dimensional demonstration of vascular abnormalities.

Gupta Ashish

2010-01-01

158

Inferior vena cava filters: What radiologists need to know  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are a controversial mechanical adjunct in the prevention of pulmonary embolism, the most serious result of venous thromboembolism. Despite modern IVC filters being in clinical use for more than 45 years, there is still uncertainty amongst many radiologists about the indications for IVC filter placement and their removal, particularly the more recent prophylactic use in patients without confirmed deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Recently published guidelines on filter use from the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and other professional bodies are discussed. The vast majority of IVC filters in the UK are inserted by interventional radiologists, so radiologists may be the first point of contact for information requested by other clinicians. The increasing use of filters means that radiologists will encounter filters increasingly often during abdominal cross-sectional imaging. Awareness of common filter-related complications, such as tilting, thrombosis, and caval perforation, is useful to reassure or alert other clinicians. The potential role of filters in upper extremity DVT and requirement for concomitant anticoagulation is discussed

159

Inferior vena cava filters: what radiologists need to know.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are a controversial mechanical adjunct in the prevention of pulmonary embolism, the most serious result of venous thromboembolism. Despite modern IVC filters being in clinical use for more than 45 years, there is still uncertainty amongst many radiologists about the indications for IVC filter placement and their removal, particularly the more recent prophylactic use in patients without confirmed deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Recently published guidelines on filter use from the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and other professional bodies are discussed. The vast majority of IVC filters in the UK are inserted by interventional radiologists, so radiologists may be the first point of contact for information requested by other clinicians. The increasing use of filters means that radiologists will encounter filters increasingly often during abdominal cross-sectional imaging. Awareness of common filter-related complications, such as tilting, thrombosis, and caval perforation, is useful to reassure or alert other clinicians. The potential role of filters in upper extremity DVT and requirement for concomitant anticoagulation is discussed. PMID:23452875

Harvey, J J; Hopkins, J; McCafferty, I J; Jones, R G

2013-07-01

160

Mediastinal germ cell tumour causing superior vena cava tumour thrombosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a rare case of a 35-year-old man who presented with a 1-week history of retrosternal chest pain of moderate intensity. A positron emission tomography CT (PET-CT) showed a large fluorodeoxy-glucose (FDG)-avid heterogeneously enhancing necrotic mass in the anterosuperior mediastinum with a focal FDG-avid thrombosis of the superior vena cava (SVC) suggestive of tumour thrombus and vascular invasion. ?-Fetoprotein levels were raised (5690?IU/L). Image guided biopsy of the mediastinal mass was suggestive of non-seminomatous germ cell tumour (NSGCT). The patient received four cycles of BEP (bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin) along with therapeutic anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin. Follow-up whole body PET-CT revealed complete resolution of mediastinal mass and SVC tumour thrombosis. The documentation of FDG-PET-avid tumour thrombus resolving with chemotherapy supports the concept of circulating tumour cells being important not only in common solid tumours such as breast and colon cancer but also in relatively less common tumours such as NSGCT. The detection of circulating tumour cells could help deploy aggressive regimens upfront. PMID:25809431

Karanth, Suman S; Vaid, Ashok K; Batra, Sandeep; Sharma, Devender

2015-01-01

161

CT findings of bilateral inferior vena cava: Differentiation from dilated retroperitoneal veins  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We experience five cases of bilateral inferior vena cava for recent one year. We evaluated the CT findings of the cases and of dilated veins located in the left retroperitoneum (seven left gonadal, seven inferior mesenteric, and two left ascending lumber veins) in the viewpoints of the size, location and relation with the surrounding structures. Bilateral inferior vena cava (IVC) may be asymmetric and the left IVC may be smaller than other retroperitoneal veins with a round contour. The left IVC was located anterior to the spinal body and corresponded with contralateral vena cava in the anteroposterior plane. The gonadal vein was located anterio or anterolateral side of the psoas and always crossed the ureter. Most of the inferior mesenteric vein showed similar location to the opposite site of the vena cava in the anterolateral side of the muscle, medial to the left ureter without crossing. The left ascending lumbar vein was similarly located to the left vena cava but dilated in a short segment. It is required to trace the vessel upward and downward and observe its continuity for correct differentiation. If it is impossible, some differential points suggested in the results of our study will be helpful for distinguishing them.

Park, Kyung Joo; Lee, Si Kyung; Lee, Joo Hyuk [Kangnam General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1993-11-15

162

CT findings of bilateral inferior vena cava: Differentiation from dilated retroperitoneal veins  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We experience five cases of bilateral inferior vena cava for recent one year. We evaluated the CT findings of the cases and of dilated veins located in the left retroperitoneum (seven left gonadal, seven inferior mesenteric, and two left ascending lumber veins) in the viewpoints of the size, location and relation with the surrounding structures. Bilateral inferior vena cava (IVC) may be asymmetric and the left IVC may be smaller than other retroperitoneal veins with a round contour. The left IVC was located anterior to the spinal body and corresponded with contralateral vena cava in the anteroposterior plane. The gonadal vein was located anterio or anterolateral side of the psoas and always crossed the ureter. Most of the inferior mesenteric vein showed similar location to the opposite site of the vena cava in the anterolateral side of the muscle, medial to the left ureter without crossing. The left ascending lumbar vein was similarly located to the left vena cava but dilated in a short segment. It is required to trace the vessel upward and downward and observe its continuity for correct differentiation. If it is impossible, some differential points suggested in the results of our study will be helpful for distinguishing them

163

Obstruction of superior vena cava following the Mustard operation of transposition of great arteries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The obstruction of the superior vena cava is a frequent late complication of the Mustard operation of the transposition of great arteries. Although it is asymptomatic, it threatens the patient as intracranial hypertension develops. Radionuclide angiocardiography can visualize the collateral blood flow from the obturated vena cava superior by the system of the azygos and hemiazygos veins into inferior vena cava. The benefit of this noninvasive method for screening obstruction was tested in a group of 94 patients. The obstruction of the vena cava superior was apparent in 11 patients (11.7%). In all cases, the diagnosis was confirmed by catheterization and angiocardiography. Pulsed Doppler echocardiography proved an abnormal flow in the vena cava superior in 9 patients. In other five patients with abnormal flow, obstruction was not revealed by radionuclide angiocardiography. Radionuclide angiocardiography supplements echocardiography also as regards other late complications and can be thus recommended for routine examinations of patients after the Mustard operation. (author). 1 fig., 1 tab., 16 refs

164

Computed tomographic characteristics of collateral venous pathways in dogs with caudal vena cava obstruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Collateral venous pathways develop in dogs with obstruction or increased blood flow resistance at any level of the caudal vena cava in order to maintain venous drainage to the right atrium. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the sites, causes of obstruction, and configurations of venous collateral pathways for a group of dogs with caudal vena cava obstruction. Computed tomography databases from two veterinary hospitals were searched for dogs with a diagnosis of caudal vena cava obstruction and multidetector row computed tomographic angiographic (CTA) scans that included the entire caudal vena cava. Images for each included dog were retrieved and collateral venous pathways were characterized using image postprocessing and a classification system previously reported for humans. A total of nine dogs met inclusion criteria and four major collateral venous pathways were identified: deep (n = 2), portal (n = 2), intermediate (n = 7), and superficial (n = 5). More than one collateral venous pathway was present in 5 dogs. An alternative pathway consisting of renal subcapsular collateral veins, arising mainly from the caudal pole of both kidneys, was found in three dogs. In conclusion, findings indicated that collateral venous pathway patterns similar to those described in humans are also present in dogs with caudal vena cava obstruction. These collateral pathways need to be distinguished from other vascular anomalies in dogs. Postprocessing of multidetector-row CTA images allowed delineation of the course of these complicated venous pathways and may be a helpful adjunct for treatment planning in future cases. PMID:24762097

Specchi, Swan; d'Anjou, Marc-André; Carmel, Eric Norman; Bertolini, Giovanna

2014-01-01

165

En bloc caudate lobe and partial vena cava resection using a Gott shunt for retrohepatic caval bypass.  

Science.gov (United States)

A technique of retrohepatic inferior vena cava bypass is described, useful for resection of the hepatic caudate lobe. A 77 year old female developed a solitary metastatic tumor mass in the caudate lobe compressing the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC), with cavography showing the IVC to be compressed, but patent. Without evidence of other metastatic disease radical resection of this tumor was performed. Successful resection was accomplished using a Gott shunt and porta hepatus compression for hepatic vascular isolation. No pump was used to avoid heparinization. Postoperative imaging confirmed IVC patency. The serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level fell to normal and remained so for 18 postoperative months. This introduces a new use of an atriocaval shunt for hepatic isolation during resection. PMID:1640714

Gardner, B; Bender, S; Praeger, P I

1992-08-01

166

Knotting of a pulmonary artery catheter in the superior vena cava: surgical removal and a word of caution  

OpenAIRE

A case of postoperative pulmonary artery catheterisation complicated by knotting of the catheter (Swan-Ganz) within the superior vena cava is described. The catheter was cut off at the skin entry site. The remainder, together with the knot, was pulled out through a purse string incision in the superior vena cava.

Georghiou, G. P.; Vidne, B. A.; Raanani, E.

2004-01-01

167

Factors involved in the antinatriuretic effects of acute constriction of the thoracic and abdominal inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Study of the antinatriuretic effect of acute thoracic inferior vena cava (TIVC) constriction in the absence of alterations in renal perfusion pressure. A comparison is made of the effects of equivalent degrees of TIVC and abdominal inferior vena cava constriction on arterial pressure, renal hemodynamics, and electrolyte excretion.

Schrier, R. W.; Humphreys, M. H.

1971-01-01

168

Temporary and Permanent Inferior Vena Cava Filter Combination in a Young Patient: To Implant or Not to Implant?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The decision to implant vena cava filters, either temporary or permanent, is difficult in young patients. We present the case of a young man with pulmonary embolism in whom temporary and permanent inferior vena cava filters were implanted. The decision process is discussed in relation to the current literature

169

MARCADORES SONOGRAFICOS DE CARDIOPATIAS CONGENITAS. INTERRUPCION DE LA VENA CAVA INFERIOR: A PROPOSITO DE NUESTRA EXPERIENCIA Y RESULTADOS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Consideramos marcadores de cardiopatías congénitas al grupo de lesiones que, pudiendo ser variantes normales, se asocian a defectos cardíacos. En esta primera publicación destacamos la importancia del diagnóstico de la interrupción de la vena cava inferior (VCI y su continuación por el sistema azygos, como un marcador de isomerismo auricular y poliesplenia. En toda nuestra serie de cardiopatías congénitas (Cc, hemos diagnosticado 5 anomalías de la VCI, 4 de ellas correspondieron a interrupciones sin Cc asociadas. Reportamos los hallazgos in utero y el seguimiento postnatal de estos casos, la técnica más apropiada para su pesquisa y su asociación a CcWe consider markers of congenital hear disease a group of anomalies which could be a normal variant in general population but might be associated to structural defects of the fetal heart. One of those marks is the interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos vein continuation. Among 5 abnormalities of the inferior vena cava diagnosed in our series, we found 4 interruption of the IVC. We discuss in utero abnormalities and follow-up. We propose the technique to screen a group of congenital heart disease with the vascular arrangements in the fetal abdomen

Fernando Viñals L.

2002-01-01

170

Successful implantation of a biventricular pacing and defibrillator device via a persistent left superior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common thoracic venous abnormality which is usually asymptomatic, found incidentally during pacemaker implantation. The main problem is related to reaching the appropriate pacing site and ensuring stable lead placement. Case report. We reported a successful implantation of a biventricular pacing and defibrillator device (CRT-D via a persistent left superior vena cava in a 55-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe heart failure. A persistent left superior vena cava was detected during CRT-D implantation. We managed to position electrodes in the right ventricular outflow tract, a posterior branch of the coronary sinus and in the right atrium. Conclusion. Congenital anomalies of thoracic veins may complicate lead placement on the appropriate and stable position. The presented case demonstrates a successful biventricular pacing and defibrillator therapy device implantation in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe heart failure.

Vukmirovi? Mihailo

2013-01-01

171

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: importance of multiplanar imaging methods: an iconographic essay  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The inferior vena cava is the result of a complex embryologic process which takes place between 6 and 8 weeks of intra-uterine life. Several variations can occur during this process, and a defective embryogenesis of this vessel may lead to the development of anatomic variants. Although many of these variants are asymptomatic, the radiologist should be aware of them and of the potential medico-legal issues involved, especially in cases in which abdominal surgery or hemodynamic procedures are contemplated. In this paper, the major congenital anomalies involving the inferior vena cava are reviewed under the form of a pictorial essay, highlighting the role of the multiplanar imaging methods (volumetric computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) in their diagnosis. Keywords: Congenital variations; Inferior vena cava; Renal veins; Computed tomography; Magnetic resonance imaging. author)

172

Approach on implantation of inferior vena cava filters for deep vein thrombosis of lower limb  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To sum up the application experience of embolectomy thrombolytic therapy after implantation of inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) for deep vein thrombosis. Methods: Data of 14 cases confirmed deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of lower limb by deep vein venography was analyzed. After inferior vena cava filters implantation, transcatheter embolectomy or thrombolytic therapy was performed under the guidance of fluoroscopy. Results: Inferior vena cava filters implantation were succeeded in all cases. 12 cases with embolectomy or thrombolysis got excellent effects, and 2 cases got improved, Without pulmonary embolism (PTE) and serious bleeding. The symptoms of lower limb disappeared. Conclusion: Curative effect is notable for DVT after implantation of caval vein filter before embolectomy or thrombolysis. (authors)

173

Phaeochromocytoma treated by en bloc resection including the suprarenal caudal vena cava in a dog.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 10-year-old, neutered male Cairn terrier was examined after experiencing intermittent vomiting of several months' duration and sudden onset of acute depression. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed an adrenal mass invading the suprarenal part of the caudal vena cava. The vascular invasion could not be corrected so en bloc ligation/excision of the adrenal neoplasm and the suprarenal part of the vena cava was performed. Microscopic examination identified an adrenal phaeochromocytoma. The dog recovered well and had no significant vascular or renal dysfunction at follow-up 20 months after surgery. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of a dog surviving long term after resection of the suprarenal caudal vena cava. PMID:16355735

Louvet, A; Lazard, P; Denis, B

2005-12-01

174

Segmental variants of the inferior vena cava - typical findings correlated with embryological development for differential diagnosis; Segmentale Varianten der Vena cava inferior - Erscheinungsbild mit embryologischer Korrelation in Abgrenzung zum sekundaeren Vena-cava-Verschluss  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The vast variability of the overall rare congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are mostly detected by accident through different imaging modalities. These cannot be classed as pathological findings, and should not be confused with lymphomas and has to differ from secondary collateral venous pathways. Based on 656 CT examinations 10.5% known forms of IVC anomalies were found. According to the embryological development three main groups of IVC variants could be nosologically classified: agenesis of the suprarenal IVC, anomalies of the pars renalis and anomalies of the infrarenal IVC. Additionally three unusual anomaly complexes were found. For the understanding details of the embryology based on a simplified depiction are presented. (orig.) [German] Die grosse Variabilitaet der als insgesamt selten anzusehenden angeborenen Venenanomalien der Vena cava inferior werden meist zufaellig durch verschiedene bildgebende Untersuchungsverfahren entdeckt. Diese koennen nicht als Pathologien des venoesen Systems klassifiziert werden und sollten nicht mit Lymphomen oder sekundaeren venoesen Kollateralen verwechselt werden. Basierend auf 656 CT-Untersuchungen fanden sich insgesamt 10,5% an bekannten Vena cava inferior (VCI) Anomalien. Unter Beruecksichtigung der embryologischen Entwicklung konnten drei Hauptgruppen an VCI-Varianten nosologisch differenziert werden: Agenesie der suprarenalen VCI, Anomalien der Pars renalis und Anomalien der infrarenalen VCI. Zusaetzlich fanden sich drei ungewoehnliche Anomaliekomplexe. Fuer das Verstaendnis der VCI-Varianten wird eine schematisierte Embryologie praesentiert. (orig.)

Meyer, D.R. [Abt. fuer Radiologie, Guestrower Krankenhaus, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Univ. Rostock (Germany); Inst. fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Krankenhaus am Urban, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Freien Univ. Berlin (Germany); Huggle, H.; Hueppe, T.; Friedrich, M. [Inst. fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Krankenhaus am Urban, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Freien Univ. Berlin (Germany); Andresen, R. [Abt. fuer Radiologie, Guestrower Krankenhaus, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Univ. Rostock (Germany)

2001-07-01

175

Adjunctive Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for Acute Pulmonary Embolism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are sometimes placed as an adjunct to full anticoagulation in patients with significant pulmonary embolism (PE). We aimed to determine the prevalence of adjunctive IVC filter placement in individuals diagnosed with PE, as well as the effect of adjunctive filter placement on mortality in patients with right heart strain associated with PE. This was a retrospective study of patients with acute PE treated with full anticoagulation admitted to a single academic medical center. Information abstracted from patient charts included presence or absence of right heart strain and of deep-vein thrombosis, and whether or not an IVC filter was placed. The endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Over 2.75 years, we found that 248 patients were diagnosed with acute PE, with an in-hospital mortality rate of 4.4%. The prevalence of adjunctive IVC filter placement was 13.3% (33 of 248), and the prevalence of documented right heart strain was 27.0% (67 of 248). In-hospital mortality was 10.2% in the non-filter-treated group (5 of 49), whereas there were no deaths in the filter-treated group (0 of 18); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.37). Both the presence of deep-vein thrombosis and of right heart strain increased the likelihood that an adjunctive IVC filter was placed (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.001, respectively). At our institution, patients were treated with IVC filters in addition to anticoagulation in 13.3% of cases of acute Pticoagulation in 13.3% of cases of acute PE. Prospective studies or large clinical registries should be conducted to clarify whether this practice improves outcomes.

176

Thermoregulatory catheter-associated inferior vena cava thrombus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of thermoregulatory catheters (TRCs) in critically ill patients has become increasingly popular. TRCs have been shown to be effective in regulating patient body temperature with improved outcomes. Critically ill patients, especially multitrauma patients and those with femoral catheters, are at high risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Among patients for whom chemical DVT prophylaxis is not an option, inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are often placed prophylactically. The development of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has allowed placement of IVC filters at the bedside for patients who are too ill for transport to the operating room or cardiac catheterization lab. After encountering several patients with occult DVT of the IVC during bedside IVC filter placement, we performed a retrospective review to determine the incidence of DVT or pulmonary embolus (PE) in patients who had been treated with a TRC at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas. Since 2008, IVC filters have been deployed at the bedside with the use of IVUS at Baylor University Medical Center. During that same time period, 83 patients had a TRC placed for either intravascular warming or cooling during their resuscitation. Forty-seven out of 83 patients who had a TRC placed survived their injuries. Ten of 47 patients (21%) were diagnosed with DVT or PE, and 6 of these 10 (60%) were found to have caval thrombus. We present this case series as evidence that undiagnosed IVC thrombus associated with TRCs may be higher than previously suspected, given that 5 out of 10 patients who had IVUS of their IVC for prophylactic IVC filter placement, as well as one patient diagnosed with PE, were found to have caval thrombus. PMID:23543961

Gierman, Joshua L; Shutze, William P; Pearl, Gregory J; Foreman, Michael L; Hohmann, Stephen E; Shutze, William P

2013-04-01

177

Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Factors that Affect Retrieval Success  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To report and analyze the indications, procedural success, and complications of retrievable inferior vena cava filters (rIVCF) placement and to identify parameters that influence retrieval attempt and failure. Methods: Between January 2005 and December 2010, a total of 200 patients (80 men, median age 67 years, range 11–95 years) received a rIVCF with the clinical possibility that it could be removed. All patients with rIVCF were prospectively entered into a database and followed until retrieval or a decision not to retrieve the filter was made. A retrospective analysis of this database was performed. Results: Sixty-one percent of patients had an accepted indication for filter placement; 39% of patients had a relative indication. There was a tendency toward a higher retrieval rate in patients with relative indications (40% vs. 55%, P = 0.076). Filter placement was technically successful in all patients, with no procedure-related mortality. The retrieval rate was 53%. Patient age of >80 years (odds ratio [OR] 0.056, P > 0.0001) and presence of malignancy (OR 0.303, P = 0.003) was associated with a significantly reduced probability for attempted retrieval. Retrieval failure occurred in 7% (6 of 91) of all retrieval attempts. A time interval of > 90 days between implantation and attempted retrieval was associated with retrieval failure (OR 19.8, P = 0.009). Conclusions: Patient age >80 years and a history of malignancy are predictors of a reduced probability fre predictors of a reduced probability for retrieval attempt. The rate of retrieval failure is low and seems to be associated with a time interval of >90 days between filter placement and retrieval.

178

Hepatic Veins and Inferior Vena Cava Thrombosis in a Child Treated by Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the case of a 9-year-old boy with portal hypertension, due to Budd-Chiari syndrome, and retrohepatic inferior vena cava thrombosis, submitted to a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) by connecting the suprahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava directly to the portal vein. After 3 months, the withdrawal of anticoagulants promoted the thrombosis of the TIPS. At TIPS revision, thrombosis of the TIPS and the main portal vein and clots at the splenic and the superior mesenteric veins were found. Successful angiography treatment was performed by thrombolysis and balloon angioplasty of a severe stenosis at the distal edge of the stent.

179

MRI diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the vena cavae and pulmonary veins  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Imaging of congenital venous anomalies in children or adults includes chest radiograph, angiography, echocardiography, CT scan and MRI. ECG gated MRI of the chest is a noninvasive examination for diagnosis of pulmonary or systemic congenital venous anomalies and it should replace angiography in many cases. The authors describe MR aspects of left superior vena cava, azygos continuation of inferior vena cava and anomalous pulmonary venous returns (total and partial types). MRI provides anatomical data, and gradient echo sequences with flow compensation assess the vascular nature of the anomalous structures. (authors). 44 refs., 6 figs

180

Aspiration thrombectomy in a patient with suprarenal inferior vena cava thrombosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

DVT has rarely been observed in the inferior vena cava (IVC). Pulmonary embolism (PE), which can be life-threatening, often occurred in patients with IVC thrombosis. Therefore, an IVC filter is frequently used in those patients for the prevention of PE. A case of successful endovascular treatment of an IVC thrombus in a patient with relative contraindications to implantation of an IVC filter is presented. This case report shows that aspiration of thrombi caught in the removable IVC filter may be an alternative to surgery in high-risk patients with catheter-related suprarenal inferior vena cava thrombosis. PMID:25692046

Kishima, Hideyuki; Fukunaga, Masashi; Nishian, Kunihiko; Saita, Ten; Horimatsu, Tetsuo; Sugahara, Masataka; Mine, Takanao; Masuyama, Tohru

2015-01-01

181

Use of Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Thrombectomy in Acute Superior Vena Cava Syndrome  

OpenAIRE

An increasing incidence of nonmalignant, indwelling catheter cases has been reported in relation to superior vena cava syndrome. Such cases may be life-threatening, with rapid development of facial and neck edema and the production of respiratory distress. This is the first reported case of atrial and superior vena caval thrombectomy requiring cardiopulmonary bypass; it is only the second case reported in which operative thrombectomy has been used. Because of the problems associated with an i...

Calhoun, Thomas R.; Wright, Robert M.; Cimo, Philip L.; Pai, Arvind; Windham, Pamela A.; Kitten, Clifford M.

1983-01-01

182

Inferior vena cava filter strut perforation discovered during right robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are a relatively safe and effective treatment designed to prevent pulmonary emboli. Late complications of IVC filters include filter migration, tilting, strut fracture, strut perforation, and IVC thrombosis. We present a case of a 67-year-old male undergoing a right robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy whose IVC filter strut had perforated the vena caval wall. PMID:22014963

Kappa, Stephen F; Morgan, Todd M; Keegan, Kirk A; Cookson, Michael S

2012-04-01

183

Slow continuous ultrafiltration in a patient with anomaly of a persistent left superior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes an uncommon case of a patient with anomaly of a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). A 54-year-old man with a history of chronic kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted to the hospital for worsening dyspnoea. During his hospital stay, heart failure was further deteriorated and he became anuric. Renal replacement therapy was then required. After multiple unsuccessful attempts of right subclavian vein catheterisation, a catheter was placed in the left subclavian vein. Chest X-ray revealed the catheter in the left side of the thorax. Transthoracic cardiac ultrasound with agitated saline and chest MRI confirmed the diagnosis of PLSVC. The patient had nine sessions of slow continuous ultrafiltration. His heart and renal function were gradually improved. Nephrologists and health care professionals must be aware of this uncommon anatomic variant. Unnecessary manipulations can lead to serious complications, such as cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest and venous sinus thrombosis. PMID:22449136

Aperis, Georgios; Paliouras, Christos; Moschos, Nikitas; Tsampikaki, Eirini; Alivanis, Polichronis

2012-09-01

184

Tumor renal con trombo en la vena cava inferior: Manejo quirúrgico y pronóstico / Renal tumor with inferior vena cava thrombus: Surgical approach and prognosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar las estrategias usadas para el manejo quirúrgico del cáncer de renal con extensión de trombo a la vena cava inferior y evaluar el pronóstico del paciente. Métodos: Quince pacientes con cáncer renal y trombo en la vena cava inferior fueron somet [...] idos a una nefrectomía radical y trombectomía y fueron evaluados de forma retrospectiva. Los pacientes fueron seguidos desde 0 a 36 meses (media de 9,5 meses). La tomografía computada con reconstrucción tridimensional fue usada para definir el nivel del trombo. Resultados: La edad media fue de 54 años, con un rango de entre 16 y 79 años. El trombo fue clasificado como de nivel I (13,5%), nivel II (40%), nivel III (26,5%) y nivel IV (20%). La cirugía fue llevada a cabo mediante by pass cardiopulmonar en seis casos, tres de los cuales sin esternotomía. Hubo una muerte intraoperatoria (13%) en un paciente que presentaba enfermedad metastásica con un trombo que alcanzaba la aurícula derecha. Los pacientes con ganglios positivos o enfermedad metastásica como presentación inicial tenían peor supervivencia global en la curva de Kaplan-Meier. Ambos, estadiaje tumoral (p = 0,380), y extensión del trombo (p = 0,174) no tuvieron relación con la supervivencia. Conclusiones: A pesar de su morbilidad y mortalidad, la nefrectomía radical y la trombectomía deberían ser llevadas a cabo en casos de carcinoma renal con trombo tumoral, porque puede ofrecer la posibilidad de control local de la enfermedad. Los pacientes con ganglios linfáticos y enfermedad metastásica tienen peor pronóstico. Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate strategies used for surgical management of renal cell carcinoma with tumoral thrombus extension in the inferior vena cava (IVC) and evaluate patient's prognosis. Metods: Fifteen patients with renal tumor and IVC thrombus, underwent radical nephrectom [...] y and thrombectomy, and were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were followed for 0 to 36 months (mean of 9.5 months). Computed tomography (CT) scan with three-dimensional reconstruction was used to define IVC thrombus level. Results: The mean age was 54 years, range from 16 to 79. The thrombus was classified as level I - 13.5%, level II - 40%, level III - 26.5% and level IV - 20%. Surgery was performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in six (40%) cases, three (50%) without sternotomy. There was one (13%) death during the intraoperative period; this patient presented extensive metastatic tumor, with the thrombus reaching the right atrium. Patients with lymph node or metastatic disease at initial presentation had poorer overall survival in Kaplan-Meier curve. Both, tumor stage (p = 0.380), and thrombus extension (p = 0.174) were not related to survival. Conclusions: Despite its morbidity and mortality, radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy should be performed in case of renal cell carcinoma with tumoral thrombus, because it can offers the possibility of local control. Patients with lymph node and distant metastatic disease have poor prognoses.

Fernandes, Denardi; Leonardo, Oliveira Reis; Ricardo Reges M., Oliveira; Fábio, Ferreira; Ubirajara, Ferreira.

2009-04-01

185

Design Optimization of Vena Cava Filters: An application to dual filtration devices  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a significant medical problem that results in over 300,000 fatalities per year. A common preventative treatment for PE is the insertion of a metallic filter into the inferior vena cava that traps thrombi before they reach the lungs. The goal of this work is to use methods of mathematical modeling and design optimization to determine the configuration of trapped thrombi that minimizes the hemodynamic disruption. The resulting configuration has implications for constructing an optimally designed vena cava filter. Computational fluid dynamics is coupled with a nonlinear optimization algorithm to determine the optimal configuration of trapped model thrombus in the inferior vena cava. The location and shape of the thrombus are parameterized, and an objective function, based on wall shear stresses, determines the worthiness of a given configuration. The methods are fully automated and demonstrate the capabilities of a design optimization framework that is broadly applicable. Changes to thrombus location and shape alter the velocity contours and wall shear stress profiles significantly. For vena cava filters that trap two thrombi simultaneously, the undesirable flow dynamics past one thrombus can be mitigated by leveraging the flow past the other thrombus. Streamlining the shape of thrombus trapped along the cava wall reduces the disruption to the flow, but increases the area exposed to abnormal wall shear stress. Computer-based design optimization is a useful tool for developing vena cava filters. Characterizing and parameterizing the design requirements and constraints is essential for constructing devices that address clinical complications. In addition, formulating a well-defined objective function that quantifies clinical risks and benefits is needed for designing devices that are clinically viable.

Singer, M A; Wang, S L; Diachin, D P

2009-12-03

186

Stenting in malignant obstruction of inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of endovascular deployment of homemade metallic Z-type self-expandable stent in treating the patients with malignant obstruction of inferior vena cava (IVC). Methods: Seventy-eight [66 men, 12 women, mean age (50.45 +- 11.81) years, age range 20-78 years] patients with IVC obstruction due to malignant compression were enrolled into this study, including 66 cases of primary hepatic carcinoma and 12 cases of metastatic hepatic carcinoma. Before therapy every patient underwent CT, MRI or color doppler ultrasound examination and the diagnosis of IVC obstruction was made. All patients' clinical signs and symptoms due to malignant IVC syndrome were classified and scored. The venography was performed via right femoral vein and homemade metallic Z-type self-expandable stent was placed across the stenotic segment of IVC. The diameter of stenotic segment and the scores of patients' IVC syndrome were compared before and after stent placement. The patency of IVC was followed by CT, color doppler ultrasound or venography every two months. The primary and secondary patency of IVC were calculated respectively. Data were analyzed by paired-sample rank sum test. Results: The length of IVC stenosis was 1.5-18.5 cm (median length was 7.2 cm) and 94 stents were precisely placed across the stenotic segment of patients' IVC. The length of stent in patients' IVC was 7.5 - 20.0 cm (median length was 10.0 cm). Technical successful rate of stent placemeTechnical successful rate of stent placement was 98%. The diameter of stenotic segment of IVC was increased from 0-0.5 cm (median 0.15 cm) to 0.3-1.6 cm (median 1 cm) (Z=-54.365, P < 0.0001) and scores of patients' IVC syndrome were declined from 4-5 (median 4) to 0-2 (median 0) (Z = -56.132, P < 0.0001). The difference showed statistical significance. There was no serious procedure-related complication except one patient experienced acute thrombosis in IVC on the second day after therapy. The primary and secondary patency of IVC was 83% and 93%, respectively. Conclusion: Endovascular deployment of homemade metallic Z-type self-expandable stent was an effective palliative treatment for patients with malignant obstruction of IVC

187

'RecoveryTM' Vena Cava Filter: Experience in 96 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical safety and efficacy of the 'RecoveryTM' (Bard) inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and imaging data of patients who had a 'RecoveryTM' IVC filter placed between January 2003 and December 2004 in our institution. The clinical presentation, indications, and procedure-related complications during placement and retrieval were evaluated. Follow-up computed tomography (CT) examinations of the abdomen and chest were evaluated for filter-related complications and pulmonary embolism (PE), respectively. 'Recovery' filters were placed in 96 patients (72 males and 24 females; age range: 16-87 years; mean: 46 years). Twenty-four patients presented with PE, 13 with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 2 with both PE and DVT. The remaining 57 patients had no symptoms of thromboembolism. Indications for filter placement included contraindication to anticoagulation (n = 27), complication of anticoagulation (n = 3), failure of anticoagulation (n = 5), and prophylaxis (n = 61). The device was successfully deployed in the infrarenal (n = 95) or suprarenal (n = 1) IVC through a femoral vein approach. Retrieval was attempted in 11 patients after a mean period of 117 days (range: 24-426). The filter was successfully removed in nine patients (82%). Failure of retrieval was due to technical difficulty (n = 1) and the presence of thrombus in the filter (n = 1). One of the nine patients whilter (n = 1). One of the nine patients who had the filter removed developed IVC thrombus after retrieval and another had an intimal tear of the IVC. Follow-up abdominal CT (n = 40) at a mean of 80 days (range: 1-513) showed penetration of the IVC by the filter arms in 11, of which 3 had fracture of filter components. In one patient, a broken arm migrated into the pancreas. Asymmetric deployment of the filter legs was seen in 12 patients and thrombus within the filter in 2 patients. No filter migration or caval occlusion was encountered. Follow-up chest CT (n = 27) at a mean of 63 days (range: 1-386) showed PE in one patient (3%). During clinical follow-up, 12 of 96 patients developed symptoms of PE and only 1 of the 12 had PE on CT. There was no fatal pulmonary embolism in our group of patients following 'Recovery' filter placement. However, the current version of the filter is associated with structure weakness, a high incidence of IVC wall penetration, and asymmetric deployment of the filter legs

188

Cranial vena cava syndrome secondary to cryptococcal mediastinal granuloma in a cat.  

Science.gov (United States)

The successful management of cranial vena cava syndrome with suspected secondary chylothorax due to mediastinal cryptococcal granuloma in a 4-year-old male domestic shorthair cat is described. Treatment included long-term antifungal medication, short-term corticosteroids, intermittent thoracocentesis, rutin, octreotide, and enalapril. PMID:25829555

Letendre, Jo-Annie; Boysen, Søren

2015-04-01

189

Treatment of pacemaker-induced superior vena cava syndrome by balloon angioplasty and stenting.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a rare but serious complication after pacemaker implantation. This report describes three cases of SVC syndrome treated with venoplasty and venous stenting, with an average follow-up of 30.7 (±3.1)?months. These cases illustrate that the definitive diagnosis, and the extent and location of venous obstruction, can only be determined by venography.

Klop, B

2011-01-01

190

Deep venous thrombosis and agenesis of the intrahepatic segment of inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of agenesis of the intrahepatic segment of inferior vena cava (IVC) with drainage through the azygos and hemiazygos systems. The presenting sign was deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in both lower extremities. The different imaging studies led to the diagnosis of both the congenital and acquired venous abnormalities, which are discussed. (Author) 14 refs

191

Vacuum-assisted inferior vena cava thrombus removal using a percutaneous technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a patient with a massive inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus requiring immediate intervention. The patient underwent successful thrombectomy using a percutaneous catheter aspiration system. Percutaneous removal of an IVC thrombus is a safe and effective treatment option for severely ill patients. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12366 (J Card Surg 2015;30:265-267). PMID:24862173

Wilner, Bryan R; Carrillo, Roger G

2015-03-01

192

The use of retrievable inferior vena cava filters in orthopaedic patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was undertaken to evaluate the safety and efficacy of retrievable inferior vena cava filters in high-risk orthopaedic patients. A total of 58 patients had a retrievable inferior vena cava filter placed as an adjunct to chemical and mechanical prophylaxis, most commonly for a history of previous deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, polytrauma, or expected prolonged immobilisation. In total 56 patients (96.6%) had an uncomplicated post-operative course. Two patients (3.4%) died in the peri-operative period for unrelated reasons. Of the 56 surviving patients, 50 (89%) were available for follow-up. A total of 32 filters (64%) were removed without complication at a mean of 37.8 days (4 to 238) after placement. There were four filters (8%) which were retained because of thrombosis at the filter site, and four (8%) were retained because of incorporation of the filter into the wall of the inferior vena cava. In ten cases (20%) the retrievable filter was left in place to continue as primary prophylaxis. No patient had post-removal thromboembolic complications. A retrievable inferior vena cava filter, as an adjunct to chemical and mechanical prophylaxis, was a safe and effective means of reducing the acute risk of pulmonary embolism in this high-risk group of patients. Although most filters were removed without complications, thereby avoiding the long-term complications that have plagued permanent indwelling filters, a relatively high percentage of filters had to be left in situ. PMID:18450637

Strauss, E J; Egol, K A; Alaia, M; Hansen, D; Bashar, M; Steiger, D

2008-05-01

193

Ultrasound of the Inferior Vena Cava Does Not Predict Hemodynamic Response to Early Hemorrhage  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) provides information on central hemodynamics and predicts fluid responsiveness during positive pressure ventilation. In spontaneously breathing patients, the correlations between IVC dynamics and the hemodynamic response to volume shifts remain to be described.

Juhl-Olsen, Peter; Vistisen, Simon T

2013-01-01

194

[Acute abdomen in extensive thrombosis in the inferior vena cava collateral circulation].  

Science.gov (United States)

Variations of the inferior vena cava (IVC) because of either embryonal malformations or postthrombotic changes are not uncommon. The clinical symptoms include repetitive thrombotic events. We report on an atypical case of acute abdomen resulting from thrombotic occlusion of the IVC and the right renal vein as well as of the collateral vessels. PMID:8679721

Biesold, M; Rühlmann, C; Klöppel, R; Schmidt, W

1996-03-01

195

Procedural and indwelling complications with inferior vena cava filters: frequency, etiology, and management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are commonly used in select high-risk patients for the prevention of pulmonary embolism. Potentially serious complications can arise from the use of IVC filters, including thrombosis of the filter itself and filter fragment embolization. This article discusses the utility of IVC filters and reviews the management of two cases of filter-related complications. PMID:25762846

Milovanovic, Lazar; Kennedy, Sean A; Midia, Mehran

2015-03-01

196

Bird's Nest Filter Causing Symptomatic Hydronephrosis Following Transmural Penetration of the Inferior Vena Cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of symptomatic hydronephrosis caused by transcaval penetration of a Bird's Nest filter. Perforation of the wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC) following insertion of a caval filter is a well-recognized complication. Whilst two cases of hydronephrosis have been described with Greenfield filters, no case involving a Bird's Nest filter has been reported previously

197

Duodenal perforation by an inferior vena cava filter in a polyarteritis nodosa sufferer  

OpenAIRE

•Inferior vena cava filters are used in the management of venous thromboembolism.•Duodenal perforation is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication.•The pros and cons of IVC filter insertion must be considered in steroid dependent patients with concurrent vasculopathy.

Dat, Anthony; Mccann, Andrew; Quinn, John; Yeung, Shinn

2014-01-01

198

Inferior vena cava filter penetration resulting in renal pelvis rupture with urinoma formation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter penetration is common and most often asymptomatic. However, penetration may potentially result in a variety of complications, including aortic trauma and small bowel perforation. Described is a case of IVC filter penetration resulting in renal pelvis perforation with urinoma formation. PMID:23129578

Kassis, Christine; Kalva, Sanjeeva P

2013-01-01

199

CT evaluation of duplication of the inferior vena cava and retroaortic left renal vein  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two cases of duplication of inferior vena cava and retroaortic left renal vein were demonstrated with computed tomographic findings and discussed their clinical and radiological significances. Knowledge of venous anomalies is able to prevent to misinterprete those findings as paravertebral lymphnodes enlargement or other conditions. (author)

200

Agenesia de veia cava inferior associada à trombose venosa profunda / Agenesis of inferior vena cava associated with deep venous thrombosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A agenesia da veia cava inferior é uma anomalia congênita rara, que foi recentemente identificada como um importante fator de risco para o desenvolvimento e a recorrência de trombose venosa profunda de membros inferiores em jovens. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso de uma paciente que apr [...] esentou trombose venosa profunda dois meses após a realização de cirurgia de varizes. A angiotomografia computadorizada demonstrou a presença de anomalia venosa complexa com ausência da veia cava inferior. Abstract in english The agenesis of the inferior vena cava is a rare congenital anomaly, which was recently identified as an important risk factor for the development and recurrence of deep venous thrombosis especially in young people. The goal of this work was to report the case of a patient who presented deep venous [...] thrombosis approximately two months after varicose vein surgery. The computerized angiotomography demonstrated the presence of a complex venous anomaly with absence of the inferior vena cava.

Clovis Luis, Konopka; Marcelo, Salame; Geórgia Andrade, Padulla; Raquel Rodrigues, Muradás; Julio César, Batistella.

2010-09-01

201

Cirugía del carcinoma renal con trombo tumoral en vena cava-aurícula / Surgical management of renal cell carcinoma with vena cava - right atrium thrombus  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Históricamente se consideró la presencia de trombosis tumoral de la vena cava como un factor de mal pronóstico en pacientes con carcinoma renal y controvertido el beneficio de la cirugía radical en estos pacientes. Sin embargo, la trombosis puede presentarse en ausencia de afectación ganglionar o me [...] tastásica, en cuyo caso si parece justificada una actitud quirúrgica agresiva con finalidad curativa. Presentamos nuestra experiencia con 25 pacientes con carcinoma renal y trombo en vena cava-aurícula tratados mediante nefrectomía radical con cavotomía y resección completa del trombo tumoral. La Resonancia Nuclear Magnética (IRM) permitió establecer con exactitud el nivel del trombo en todos los casos: 56% nivel I, 8% nivel II, 26% nivel III. La serie corresponde a 14 pT3b, 8 pT3c, 3 pT4, con 48% de N+. La tasa de complicaciones operatorias fue del 36% con una mortalidad del 16%. Pacientes sin compromiso ganglionar ni metástasis tuvieron una supervivencia media del 64%, 46% y 37% a los 2,3,4 años respectivamente. En los casos con afectación ganglionar y metastásica el pronóstico es claramente peor. No hemos encontrado una relación clara entre el nivel del trombo y la supervivencia. Abstract in english Historically the presence of a thrombus in vena cava was associatted with worse prognosis in patients with renal cell carcinoma, and the effective of surgery limited. However a extensive tumor thrombi can be present without evidence of lymph node and distant metastasis, an aggressive surgical approa [...] ch with curative intent is justified. We retrospectively reviewed 25 patients with renal cell carcinoma and thrombus in vena cava and they underwent radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy. The IRM allowed to know the level of the thrombus into vena cava in all patients: 56% level I, 8% level II, 26% level III. There were 14 pT3b, 8 pT3c, 3 pT4, and 48% N+. The rate of complications was 36% and there were 4 perioperative death (16%). Patients without lymph node and no distant metastasis had a mean survival of 64% 46%, 37% to 2,3,4 years respectively. Patients with lymph node invasive an distant metastasis the prognosis was poor. We no noted correlation between level thrombus and prognosis.

M., Ruibal Moldes; L., Álvarez Castelo; V., Chantada Abal; A., Blanco Díez; E., Fernández Rosado; M., González Martín.

2003-08-01

202

Inserción accidental de catéter para hemodiálisis en vena cava superior izquierda persistente Accidental implantation of hemodialysis catheter in persistent left superior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La implantación de catéteres centrales para hemodiálisis en pacientes con falla renal es una práctica común. El acceso venoso por punción percutánea de la vena yugular interna es la ruta más recomendada debido a que genera el menor porcentaje de estenosis. La punción de la vena yugular interna derecha es la más conveniente por su trayecto vertical hacia la aurícula derecha, pero en ocasiones su canalización es imposible siendo necesario puncionar la vena yugular interna izquierda, la cual se continúa con la vena innominada desembocando en la cava superior, de ahí que su trayecto sea muy tortuoso. Se describen tres casos en los cuales el catéter yugular interno izquierdo que se insertó para realizar hemodiálisis, accidentalmente canalizó la vena cava superior izquierda anormalmente persistente. En todos los casos y antes de proceder con la hemodiálisis se demostró bien sea por gases del vaso puncionado, ecocardiograma o medio de contraste que el catéter se encontraba posicionado en el sistema venoso que drena en la aurícula derecha.The implantation of central catheters for hemodialysis in patients with renal failure is a common practice. The venous access to the internal jugular vein through percutaneous puncture is the most recommended procedure because it produces the lowest percentage of stenosis. The right internal jugular vein puncture is the most appropriate one because it goes directly in vertical direction into the right atrium, but in some cases its canalization is impossible making it necessary to puncture the left internal jugular vein, the one next to the innominated vein that ends in the superior cava, with the result that its path is much curved. 3 cases in which the left intern jugular catheter that was inserted to perform hemodialysis accidentally canalized the anomaly in the persistent left superior vena cava were presented. In all the cases and before proceeding with the hemodialysis it was demonstrated by the gases of the punctuated vessel, echocardiogram or contrast medium that the catheter was positioned in the venous system that drains in the right atrium.

Jairo Cruz

2007-12-01

203

Inserción accidental de catéter para hemodiálisis en vena cava superior izquierda persistente / Accidental implantation of hemodialysis catheter in persistent left superior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La implantación de catéteres centrales para hemodiálisis en pacientes con falla renal es una práctica común. El acceso venoso por punción percutánea de la vena yugular interna es la ruta más recomendada debido a que genera el menor porcentaje de estenosis. La punción de la vena yugular interna derec [...] ha es la más conveniente por su trayecto vertical hacia la aurícula derecha, pero en ocasiones su canalización es imposible siendo necesario puncionar la vena yugular interna izquierda, la cual se continúa con la vena innominada desembocando en la cava superior, de ahí que su trayecto sea muy tortuoso. Se describen tres casos en los cuales el catéter yugular interno izquierdo que se insertó para realizar hemodiálisis, accidentalmente canalizó la vena cava superior izquierda anormalmente persistente. En todos los casos y antes de proceder con la hemodiálisis se demostró bien sea por gases del vaso puncionado, ecocardiograma o medio de contraste que el catéter se encontraba posicionado en el sistema venoso que drena en la aurícula derecha. Abstract in english The implantation of central catheters for hemodialysis in patients with renal failure is a common practice. The venous access to the internal jugular vein through percutaneous puncture is the most recommended procedure because it produces the lowest percentage of stenosis. The right internal jugular [...] vein puncture is the most appropriate one because it goes directly in vertical direction into the right atrium, but in some cases its canalization is impossible making it necessary to puncture the left internal jugular vein, the one next to the innominated vein that ends in the superior cava, with the result that its path is much curved. 3 cases in which the left intern jugular catheter that was inserted to perform hemodialysis accidentally canalized the anomaly in the persistent left superior vena cava were presented. In all the cases and before proceeding with the hemodialysis it was demonstrated by the gases of the punctuated vessel, echocardiogram or contrast medium that the catheter was positioned in the venous system that drains in the right atrium.

Jairo, Cruz; César A, Restrepo V.

2007-12-01

204

Three-Dimensional Rotational Angiography of the Inferior Vena Cava as an Adjunct to Inferior Vena Cava Filter Retrieval  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to explore the role of three-dimensional (3-D) rotational angiography (RA) of the inferior vena cava (IVC; 3-D CV) before filter retrieval and its impact on treatment planning compared with standard anteroposterior cavography (sCV). Thirty patients underwent sCV and 3-D CV before IVC filter retrieval. Parameters assessed were: projection of filter arms or legs beyond the caval lumen, thrombus burden within the filter and IVC, and orientation of the filter within IVC. Skin and effective radiation doses were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired Student t test and nonparametric McNemar's test. Standard anteroposterior cavography detected 49 filter arms or legs projecting beyond the caval lumen in 25 patients. Three-dimensional CV demonstrated 89 filter arms or legs projecting beyond the caval lumen in 28 patients. Twenty-two patients had additional filter arms or legs projecting beyond the caval lumen detected on 3-D CV that were not detected on sCV (p < 0.001). Filter apex tilt detection differed significantly (p < 0.001) between sCV and 3-D CV, with 3-D CV being more accurate. The filter apex abutted the IVC wall in 10 patients (33%) on 3-D CV, but this was diagnosed in only 3 patients (10%) with sCV. Thrombus was detected in 8 patients (27%), 1 thrombus of which was seen only on 3-D CV, and treatment was changed in this patient because of thrombus size. Mean effective radiation doses for 3-D CV were approximately ation doses for 3-D CV were approximately two times higher than for sCV (1.68 vs. 0.86 mSv), whereas skin doses were three times lower (12.87 vs. 35.86 mGy). Compared with sCV, performing 3-D CV before optional IVC filter retrieval has the potential to improve assessment of filter arms or legs projecting beyond the caval lumen, filter orientation, and thrombus burden.

205

Right-sided duplication of the inferior vena cava and the common iliac vein: hidden hinds in spiral-computed tomography; Rechtsseitige Dopplung der Vena cava inferior und Vena iliaca communis: Bildgebung mit der Spiral-Computertomographie  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Duplications of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are rare variants of the abdominal vessels and are normally located on both sides of the abdominal aorta. The rare case of a rightsided infrarenal duplication of the IVC with involvement of the common iliac vein is reported. Details of the embryology are presented for the understanding of this IVC variant. The spiral CT with multiplanar reconstructions makes it possible to define the vascular morphology and to differentiate it from lymphoma. (orig.) [Deutsch] Duplikaturen der Vena cava inferior (VCI) sind seltene meist bilateral der Aorta abdominalis gelegene abdominelle Gefaessvarianten. Der ungewoehnliche Fall einer rechtsseitigen infrarenalen Dopplung der VCI mit Beteiligung der Vena iliaca communis wird dargestellt. Auf der Embryologie wird, soweit fuer das Verstaendnis der vorliegenden VCI-Variante notwendig, eingegangen. Die Spiral-CT mit multiplanaren Rekonstruktionen erlaubt die morphologische Beschreibung der Gefaesssituation und die Differenzierung gegenueber Lymphomen. (orig.)

Meyer, D.R.; Friedrich, M. [Krankenhaus am Urban (Germany). Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik und Nuklearmedizin; Andresen, R. [Staedtisches Krankenhaus Zehlendorf, Behring (Germany). Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik und Nuklearmedizin

1998-05-01

206

The tactics of treatment for superior vena cava syndrome in Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Clinical Cancer Hospital  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors present the tactics of treatment for superior vena cava syndrome at various forms of malignant tumors. It was shown that application of this tactics can improve the efficacy and quality of inductive treatment in this group of patients

207

Percutaneous transfemoral placement of inferior vena cava filter to prevent pulmonary embolism in patients with malignant tumor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of inserting an inferior vena cava filter to prevent the pulmonary embolism (PE) due to detachment of the thrombus in the lower extremities. Methods: Inferior vena cava filter were placed in 37 patients with malignant tumor and deep venous thrombosis from 1998 to 2004. Malignancy was confirmed by pathological or cellular biological examination in all cases. The episode of pulmonary embolism was monitored during a post-intervention follow-up. Results: All the filters were placed in the inferior vena cava safely via a percutaneous femoral venous access. No serious complications such as pulmonary embolism occurred during the follow-up periods. Conclusion: The inferior vena cava filter placement is an effective and safe procedure in preventing the pulmonary embolism in patients with malignant tumor and deep venous thrombosis. (authors)

208

Gross haematuria associated with penetration of an inferior vena cava filter into the right renal collecting system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are a viable alternative for patients with venous thromboembolic disease for whom standard anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated. Rare complications associated with their use, however, include misplacement and IVC penetration. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman who developed gross haematuria following IVC filter penetration into both the right renal collecting system and renal pelvis, for which open caval removal and reconstruction was required. This is an unusual case of IVC filter penetration causing symptomatic haematuria and requiring surgical intervention. PMID:25750222

Cusano, Antonio; Rosenberg, David; Haddock, Peter; Meraney, Anoop

2015-01-01

209

1{sup 25I} brachytherapy seeds implantation for inoperable low-grade leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 60-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and tenderness of five-day duration. Contrast enhanced CT showed a mass of 9 x 6 x 5.5 cm in size with almost complete obliteration of the inferior vena cava and massive extension to the extravascular space. CT-guided biopsy demonstrated a low-grade leiomyosarcoma. The patient underwent 1{sup 25I}odine seeds implantation in two sessions, and another balloon cavoplasty. Abdominal pain and tenderness gradually improved and the patient continues to remain as disease free state for three years after the procedures.

Li, Yuliang; Wang, Yongzheng; Liu, Bin; Li, Zheng; Wang, Wujie [The Second Hospital of Shandong Univ., Jinan (China)

2013-04-15

210

Right renal vein elongation with the inferior vena cava for cadaveric kidney transplants: an old neglected surgical approach  

OpenAIRE

INTRODUCTION: Short right renal vein is a frequent and well-known technical inconvenience that is commonly observed during transplantation of the right kidney. We present our experience with the elongation of short cadaveric right renal veins using the contiguous vena cava during cadaveric renal transplants. METHODS: We performed 34 kidney transplantations with a short right renal vein requiring elongation using the inferior vena cava, to make the venous anastomosis technically feasible. The ...

Baptista-silva, Jose C.; Medina-pestana, Jose O.; Verissimo, Marcos J. M.; Castro, Marcos J.; Demuner, Maris S.; Signorelli, Marcio F.

2005-01-01

211

Removal of a Guenther Tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter after 147 days in a pediatric patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Guenther Tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter was placed in a 9-year-old boy with T-cell ALL who had both iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and acute intracranial hemorrhage. The filter was removed 147 days after placement, when the patient was no longer at increased risk for DVT or pulmonary embolus. Removal of the filter did not compromise flow through the vena cava. (orig.)

212

Congenital inferior vena cava anomalies: a review of findings at multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inferior vena cava anomalies are rare, occurring in up to 8.7% of the population, as left renal vein anomalies are considered. The inferior vena cava develops from the sixth to the eighth gestational weeks, originating from three paired embryonic veins, namely the subcardinal, supracardinal and postcardinal veins. This complex ontogenesis of the inferior vena cava, with multiple anastomoses between the pairs of embryonic veins, leads to a number of anatomic variations in the venous return from the abdomen and lower limbs. Some of such variations have significant clinical and surgical implications related to other cardiovascular anomalies and in some cases associated with venous thrombosis of lower limbs, particularly in young adults. The authors reviewed images of ten patients with inferior vena cava anomalies, three of them with deep venous thrombosis. The authors highlight the major findings of inferior vena cava anomalies at multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, correlating them the embryonic development and demonstrating the main alternative pathways for venous drainage. The knowledge on the inferior vena cava anomalies is critical in the assessment of abdominal images to avoid misdiagnosis and to indicate the possibility of associated anomalies, besides clinical and surgical implications. (author)

213

Blood supply to the cranial venae cavae and the heart in the laboratory shrew (Suncus murinus).  

OpenAIRE

The blood supply to the cranial venae cavae on both sides and to the heart was studied macroscopically in 40 adult laboratory shrews (Suncus murinus) of both sexes injected either with Neoprene latex into the abdominal aorta (25 animals) or with Mercox into the left ventricle (15 animals). The 1st branch of the left subclavian artery in 23 animals of the 1st group ramified caudal to the aortic arch and descended between the aorta and the trachea to supply mainly the large left cranial vena ca...

Isomura, G.

1993-01-01

214

Dialysis Catheter-Related Superior Vena Cava Syndrome with Patent Vena Cava: Long Term Efficacy of Unilateral Viatorr Stent-Graft Avoiding Catheter Manipulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Central venous catheters are the most frequent causes of benign central vein stenosis. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman on hemodialysis through a twin catheter in the right internal jugular vein, presenting with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome with patent SVC. The clinically driven endovascular therapy was conducted to treat the venous syndrome with a unilateral left brachiocephalic stent-graft without manipulation of the well-functioning catheter. The follow-up was uneventful until death 94 months later. PMID:24843241

Galli, Franco; Moramarco, Lorenzo Paolo; Corti, Riccardo; Leati, Giovanni; Fiorina, Ilaria; Maestri, Marcello

2014-01-01

215

Dialysis catheter-related superior vena cava syndrome with patent vena cava: Long term efficacy of unilateral viatorr stent-graft avoiding catheter manipulation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Central venous catheters are the most frequent causes of benign central vein stenosis. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman on hemodialysis through a twin catheter in the right internal jugular vein, presenting with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome with patent SVC. The clinically driven endovascular therapy was conducted to treat the venous syndrome with a unilateral left brachiocephalic stent-graft without manipulation of the well-functioning catheter. The follow-up was uneventful until death 94 months later.

Quaretti, Pietro; Galli, Franco; Maramarco, Lorenzo Paplo; Corti, Riccardo; Leati, Giovanni; Fiorina, Ilaria; Maestri, Marcello [IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia (Italy)

2014-06-15

216

Dialysis catheter-related superior vena cava syndrome with patent vena cava: Long term efficacy of unilateral viatorr stent-graft avoiding catheter manipulation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Central venous catheters are the most frequent causes of benign central vein stenosis. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman on hemodialysis through a twin catheter in the right internal jugular vein, presenting with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome with patent SVC. The clinically driven endovascular therapy was conducted to treat the venous syndrome with a unilateral left brachiocephalic stent-graft without manipulation of the well-functioning catheter. The follow-up was uneventful until death 94 months later.

217

Retrograde Tempofilter IITM Placement within the Superior Vena Cava in a Patient with Acute Upper Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis: the Filter Stands on Its Head  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Tempofilter II is a widely used temporary vena cava filter. Its unique design, which includes a long tethering catheter with a subcutaneous anchor, facilitates the deployment and retrieval of the device. Despite this, the Tempofi lter II has been used only in the inferior vena cava of patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. In this article, we present a case of superior vena cava filtering using the Tempofilter II in patients with upper extremity deep venous thrombosis

218

Retrograde Tempofilter II{sup TM} Placement within the Superior Vena Cava in a Patient with Acute Upper Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis: the Filter Stands on Its Head  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Tempofilter II is a widely used temporary vena cava filter. Its unique design, which includes a long tethering catheter with a subcutaneous anchor, facilitates the deployment and retrieval of the device. Despite this, the Tempofi lter II has been used only in the inferior vena cava of patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. In this article, we present a case of superior vena cava filtering using the Tempofilter II in patients with upper extremity deep venous thrombosis

Yim, Nam Yeol [The Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu; Lim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Jae Kyu [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2011-02-15

219

Computed tomography angiography of situs inversus, portosystemic shunt and multiple vena cava anomalies in a dog.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 5-year-old Shih Tzu was presented with intermittent vomiting and anorexia. Microhepatica and reversed position of the abdominal organs were observed on radiography. Ultrasonographically, portosystemic shunt (PSS) was tentatively diagnosed. Computed tomography (CT) revealed that the distended portal vein drained into the left hepatic vein. The caudal vena cava (CdVC) split postrenally and converged at the renal level. Cranial to this, the azygos continuation of the CdVC was confirmed. In the thorax, a persistent left cranial vena cava (CrVC) was found along with right CrVC. This is the first report of a dog with persistent left CrVC and multiple abdominal malformations. CT angiography was useful in evaluating the characteristics of each vascular anomaly and determining the required surgical correction in this complex case. PMID:23842117

Oui, Heejin; Kim, Jisun; Bae, Yeonho; Oh, Juyeon; Park, Seungjo; Lee, Gahyun; Jeon, Sunghoon; Choi, Jihye

2013-11-01

220

An interesting anatomic variant of inferior vena cava duplication: case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) occur in roughly 4% of the population. We report an interesting case of an atypical variant of duplicated IVC. A 20-year-old man presented with orthopedic injuries and intracranial hemorrhage following a motorcycle accident. He was taken to the fluoroscopy suite for IVC filter placement; duplication of the IVC was noted. The right and left iliac veins shared a normal confluence but two IVCs drained independently into renal veins before reuniting into a single structure. Both IVC filters were placed via a single puncture in the groin. We performed a search of the PubMed database using‘ inferior vena cava duplication’ and reviewed common anomalies of the IVC. Several variants of duplicated IVC exist; the most common of which is two distinct IVCs that arise from each iliac vein without a normal confluence. Our patient had a unique anomaly which allowed filter placements from a single puncture. PMID:23518845

Pineda, Danielle; Moudgill, Neil; Eisenberg, Joshua; DiMuzio, Paul; Rao, Atul

2013-06-01

221

Hepatocellular carcinoma with extension to the heart via the inferior vena cava  

Science.gov (United States)

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Most cases of HCC are associated with cirrhosis from various causes such as alcohol or viral hepatitis. Most patients are symptomatic as a result of cirrhosis itself or secondary to tumor extension. These tumors have an affinity for the vasculature and often invade the portal system. HCC rarely causes invasion of the inferior vena cava or the heart. We, however, present a case of HCC in a patient without cirrhosis who remained asymptomatic despite having tumor extension to the heart by way of the inferior vena cava. The mean survival in patients with intracardiac extension with or without aggressive treatment or intervention is approximately 4 months, but our patient greatly exceeded survival expectations after treatment with sorafenib. PMID:25829663

Lewis, Brian

2015-01-01

222

Entrapment of Guide Wire in an Inferior Vena Cava Filter: A Technique for Removal  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Entrapment of a central venous catheter (CVC) guide wire in an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a rare, but reported complication during CVC placement. With the increasing use of vena cava filters (VCFs), this number will most likely continue to grow. The consequences of this complication can be serious, as continued traction upon the guide wire may result in filter dislodgement and migration, filter fracture, or injury to the IVC. We describe a case in which a J-tipped guide wire introduced through a left subclavian access without fluoroscopic guidance during CVC placement was entrapped at the apex of an IVC filter. We describe a technique that we used successfully in removing the entrapped wire through the left subclavian access site. We also present simple useful recommendations to prevent this complication.

Abdel-Aal, Ahmed Kamel, E-mail: akamel@uabmc.edu; Saddekni, Souheil [University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Radiology (United States); Hamed, Maysoon Farouk [University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Anesthesia (United States); Fitzpatrick, Farley [Radiology Specialists of Louisville (United States)

2013-04-15

223

MR angiography of pelvic veins and of the inferior vena cava using 0,5 Tesla  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The pelvic veins and/or the inferior vena cava were examined in 15 patients with pelvic vein thrombosis or retroperitoneal tumours, using phlebography or cavography and MR angiography. The latter was carried out using 0.5 Tesla with an inflow technique (TR/TE 30/8 ms, flip angle 70 ). 3-D projection angiograms were obtained from the 2-D angiograms in the coronary plane. Image quality was generally satisfactory and the veins up to the internal iliacs could be demonstrated in all cases; below this, the examination was unreliable. Comparison of the methods with reference to information of therapeutic relevance has shown that in two-thirds of all examinations (8/13) MR angiography and phlebography were of equal diagnostic value. In the presence of a renal cell carcinoma, MR angiography was unable to distinguish between thrombosis and infiltration of the vena cava. (orig.)

224

Entrapment of Guide Wire in an Inferior Vena Cava Filter: A Technique for Removal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Entrapment of a central venous catheter (CVC) guide wire in an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a rare, but reported complication during CVC placement. With the increasing use of vena cava filters (VCFs), this number will most likely continue to grow. The consequences of this complication can be serious, as continued traction upon the guide wire may result in filter dislodgement and migration, filter fracture, or injury to the IVC. We describe a case in which a J-tipped guide wire introduced through a left subclavian access without fluoroscopic guidance during CVC placement was entrapped at the apex of an IVC filter. We describe a technique that we used successfully in removing the entrapped wire through the left subclavian access site. We also present simple useful recommendations to prevent this complication.

225

Meandering Right Pulmonary Vein to the Left Atrium and Inferior Vena Cava  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a healthy, asymptomatic 6-year-old boy in whom an anomalous right pulmonary vein was noted to drain into both the inferior vena cava and left atrium in association with findings consistent with scimitar syndrome. The anomalous pulmonary vein took a very circuitous route through the lungs before draining into the left atrium, a condition previously termed “meandering pulmonary vein.” To aid in the diagnosis, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography were used to delineate this complex course and the connection of the anomalous pulmonary vein. To our knowledge, this is the 1st reported case of a meandering pulmonary vein with dual drainage to the inferior vena cava and left atrium in association with other anomalies. (Tex Heart Inst J 2002;29:319–23) PMID:12484618

Tortoriello, Tia A.; Vick, G. Wesley; Chung, Taylor; Bezold, Louis I.; Vincent, Julie A.

2002-01-01

226

Simultaneous occurrence of a single coronary artery and persistent left superior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a case of simultaneous occurrence of 2 rare congenital anomalies. A 57-year-old woman undergoing evaluation of dyspnea was found to have a single coronary artery and persistent left superior vena cava. The incidence of single coronary artery is 0.024% to 0.066% in the general population. Persistent left superior vena cava occurs in 0.3% of those without other congenital anomalies and in up to 5% when other anomalies are present. The likelihood of both anomalies occurring as a random event in 1 patient is approximately 1 in 10 million. Patient characteristics and data are presented, with a discussion on the epidemiology, incidence, diagnosis and pathologic implications of each anomaly. PMID:21446081

Hass, Emily; Shreef, Ammar; Bumgarner, Joseph M; Gillespie, Michael J; Stouffer, George A

2011-03-01

227

Entrapment of guide wire in an inferior vena cava filter: a technique for removal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Entrapment of a central venous catheter (CVC) guide wire in an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a rare, but reported complication during CVC placement. With the increasing use of vena cava filters (VCFs), this number will most likely continue to grow. The consequences of this complication can be serious, as continued traction upon the guide wire may result in filter dislodgement and migration, filter fracture, or injury to the IVC. We describe a case in which a J-tipped guide wire introduced through a left subclavian access without fluoroscopic guidance during CVC placement was entrapped at the apex of an IVC filter. We describe a technique that we used successfully in removing the entrapped wire through the left subclavian access site. We also present simple useful recommendations to prevent this complication. PMID:22526100

Abdel-Aal, Ahmed Kamel; Saddekni, Souheil; Hamed, Maysoon Farouk; Fitzpatrick, Farley

2013-04-01

228

Recurrent deep venous thrombosis in a patient with agenesis of inferior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available William Nseir1, Mahmud Mahamid1, Zuhair Abu-Rahmeh2, Arieh Markel3,41Department of Internal Medicine, 2Radiology Department, Holy Family Hospital, Nazareth, Israel; 3Department of Internal Medicine A, Haemek Medical Center, Afula, Israel; 4Technion, Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, IsraelBackground: Agenesis of the inferior vena cava (IVC as a cause of recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT is uncommon.Case: A 33-year-old male with no family history of thrombophilia, who had experienced multiple recurrent episodes of DVT over a 15-year period of unknown cause, was admitted into our hospital because of cellulitis in the right leg. Computer tomography with contrast of the abdomen showed an absence of IVC.Conclusion: Congenital absence of the IVC could be a rare risk factor for idiopathic DVT, especially in young individuals.Keywords: deep vein thrombosis, agenesis, inferior vena cava

Nseir W

2011-06-01

229

A conventional multimodality imaging cascade to detect a superior vena cava obstruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Iatrogenic injuries of the superior vena cava (SVC) following surgical or endovascular treatments are rare but challenging complications and require prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The additional diagnostic value of venography, contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging has been widely assessed in the clinical setting of the SVC obstruction, whereas the role of conventional transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is still uncertain. A 43-year-old female patient was admitted to the echocardiography laboratory because of a superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) following a balloon SVC venoplasty with stent implantation. A standard transoesophageal echocardiography examination clearly detected the SVC obstruction on previously implanted stents. We found that fundamental steps of early diagnosis of SVCS would benefit from standard TEE. PMID:21186200

Grimaldi, Antonio; Cammalleri, Valeria; Maisano, Francesco; Ferrarello, Santo; Colombo, Antonio; Alfieri, Ottavio; La Canna, Giovanni

2011-03-01

230

Extensive pulmonary embolism after severe postpartum haemorrhage: management with an inferior vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with an inferior vena cava thrombosis and extensive pulmonary embolism six days after a severe postpartum haemorrhage. She had undergone caesarean section with bleeding managed by massive transfusion, hysterectomy, and two attempts at uterine artery embolization. Systemic thrombolysis and catheter-directed thrombolysis in intensive care were abandoned due to recent and incomplete uterine artery embolization. A temporary inferior vena cava filter was chosen because of significant risk of massive pulmonary embolism. This was a controversial decision because guidelines from different professional groups offer conflicting recommendations. The therapeutic options for the management of massive postpartum pulmonary embolism when thrombolysis is contraindicated are discussed. PMID:25223642

Bilger, A; Pottecher, J; Greget, M; Boudier, E; Diemunsch, P

2014-11-01

231

Tratamento cirúrgico da conexão anômala parcial das veias pulmonares em veia cava superior Surgical treatment of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O tratamento cirúrgico da conexão anômala das veias pulmonares em veia cava superior, associada ao defeito septal atrial tipo seio venoso, é bem estabelecido e transcorre com baixa mortalidade e morbidade. Com a finalidade de diminuir a incidência de estenose ou oclusão da veia cava superior direita, especialmente quando associada à presença de veia cava superior esquerda, o apêndice atrial direito foi utilizado para ampliar a veia cava superior direita, após o desvio das veias pulmonares para o átrio esquerdo. MÉTODOS: No período entre junho de 1986 e setembro de 2008, foram operados 95 pacientes, consecutivos, portadores desta anomalia com drenagem em veia cava superior direita e porção alta do átrio direito. A idade variou de 6 meses a 68 anos e o sexo feminino predominou com 50 casos. RESULTADOS: No material apresentado, não ocorreu nenhum óbito na fase de pós-operatório imediato ou tardio. O ritmo cardíaco permaneceu sempre sinusal e não ocorreram complicações na evolução. CONCLUSÃO: O presente trabalho demonstra a aplicabilidade da técnica descrita, com resultados favoráveis em relação a mortalidade, distúrbios de ritmo e complicações na região da veia cava superior direita.OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava, associated with sinus venous atrial septal defect, is well established and correlates with low mortality and morbidity. In order to reduce the incidence of stenosis or occlusion of the right superior vena cava, especially when associated with the presence of left superior vena cava, the right atrial appendage was used to enlarge the right superior vena cava, after the diversion of the anomalous pulmonary veins for the left atrium. METHODS: Between June 1986 and September 2008, 95 consecutive patients were operated with anomalous drainage in the superior right vena cava and high right atrium. Ages ranged from 6 months to 68 years and females predominated with 50 cases. RESULTS: There was no death in the immediate or late post operative care. The sinus cardiac rhythm was preserved in all cases and there was no complications in the late follow up. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates the applicability of the technique described, with favorable results on mortality, rhythm disturbances and complications in the right superior vena cava.

Marcelo Dagola Paulista

2009-06-01

232

Right Double Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) with Preaortic Iliac Confluence – Case Report and Review of Literature  

OpenAIRE

Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are uncommon and most of them remain asymptomatic. Though rare, anomalies of IVC can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications especially during aortoiliac surgery. Prior knowledge of these variations facilitates proper interpretation of radiological images and safe performance of interventional procedures and surgeries. During routine anatomical dissection of abdomen in a female cadaver we observed the presence of right sided duplication of IVC. Both ...

Babu, C. S. Ramesh; Lalwani, Rekha; Kumar, Indra

2014-01-01

233

Left cervical aortic arch and persistent left superior vena cava in the SAME patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cervical aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly in which the aortic arch is located in an outstandingly location. It is usually attributed to abnormal regression of the fourth arch with persistent of the right or left second or third primitive aortic arch. Persistent left superior vena cava is another rare congenital anomaly which results from the failure of the left common cardinal vein to become obliterated. We have experienced these rare congenital anomalies in the SAMe patient

234

Lymphangiomatosis Involving the Inferior Vena Cava, Heart, Pulmonary Artery and Pelvic Cavity  

OpenAIRE

A 38-year-old woman who had undergone pelvic lymphangioma resection two months previously presented with cough and dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography and CT demonstrated the presence of a mixed cystic/solid component tumor involving the inferior vena cava, heart and pulmonary artery. Complete resection of the cardiac tumor was performed and lymphangioma was confirmed based on histopathologic examination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of lymphangiomatosis with car...

Kim, Dong Hun; Seo, Hye-sun; Seo, Jon; Kim, Hee Kyung; Her, Keun; Suk, Eun Ha

2009-01-01

235

Lymphangiomatosis Involving the Inferior Vena Cava, Heart, Pulmonary Artery and Pelvic Cavity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 38-year-old woman who had undergone pelvic lymphangioma resection two months previously presented with cough and dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography and CT demonstrated the presence of a mixed cystic/solid component tumor involving the inferior vena cava, heart and pulmonary artery. Complete resection of the cardiac tumor was performed and lymphangioma was confirmed based on histopathologic examination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of lymphangiomatosis with cardiac and pelvic involvement in the published clinical literature

236

Successful Venous Angioplasty of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome after Heart Transplantation  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. For patients with terminal heart failure, heart transplantation (HTX) has become an established therapy. Before transplantation there are many repeated measurements with a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) via the superior vena cava (SVC) necessary. After transplantation, endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is recommended for routine surveillance of heart transplant rejection again through the SVC. Case Presentation. In this report, we present a HTX patient who developed a SVC syndrome as...

Thomas Strecker; Iris Zimmermann; Marco Heinz; Xf Sch, Johannes R.; Abbas Agaimy; Michael Weyand

2014-01-01

237

Importance of a persisting left vena cava superior in pacemaker therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Basing on the description of a specific case and a review of literature, the article discusses the relationship between persisting left vena cava superior and pacemaker therapy. The article covers the technical problems caused by the vascular anomaly, the complications which can be expected, the possibilities in respect of recognising the vascular anomaly, as well as the methods for coping with the special situation prevailing in a particular case. (orig.)

238

Aggressive renal angiomyolipoma extending into the renal vein and inferior vena cava - an uncommon entity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Renal angiomyolipoma is recognised as a benign hamartomatous lesion with no obvious malignant potential. However, the tumour may show extrarenal/perinephric extension at times. Rarely, the lesion may extend into the renal vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) indicating aggressive behaviour. We present a case of an angiomyolipoma of the kidney with sonographic, CT and MRI evidence of extension into the renal vein and IVC. PMID:21750135

Bakshi, S S; Vishal, K; Kalia, V; Gill, J S

2011-08-01

239

Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma—a rare cause of superior vena cava thrombosis and constrictive pericarditis  

OpenAIRE

Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PMPM) is an extremely rare, highly lethal and often misdiagnosed tumor. We report a 60-year-old woman complaining of dry cough, shortness of breath and exertional dyspnea due to a large pericardial effusion. The pericardial fluid volume declined after pericardiocentesis; analysis of the fluid revealed malignant cells and was negative for tuberculosis. Subsequently, the patient developed a compression of the superior vena cava and pericardial constri...

Gong, Wenhui; Ye, Xiaofeng; Shi, Kaihu; Zhao, Qiang

2014-01-01

240

Sonographic Measurement of the Inferior Vena Cava as A Marker of Blood Loss  

OpenAIRE

Background and Objective: Detecting and monitoring blood loss is always a challenging dilemma in emer-gency settings. Measuring diameter of inferior vena cava in trauma patients may be useful in this regard. This has been classically done with CT; however do-ing it with Ultrasound as a bedside easily available modality is a novel approach. Materials and Methods: Between January 2006 and March 2006, 88 injured patients referred to Namazee Hospital, were investigated. The patients were di-vided...

Sefidbakht, A.; Assadsangabi, A.; Nabavizadeh, A.

2007-01-01

241

Inferior vena cava filters in cancer patients: to filter or not to filter  

OpenAIRE

Hikmat Abdel-Razeq1, Asem Mansour2, Yousef Ismael1, Hazem Abdulelah11Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Radiology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, JordanPurpose: Cancer and its treatment are recognized risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE); active cancer accounts for almost 20% of all newly diagnosed VTE. Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are utilized to provide mechanical thromboprophylaxis to prevent pulmonary embolism (PE) or to avoid bleeding from systemic anticoagu...

Hikmat Abdel-Razeq; Asem Mansour; Yousef Ismael; et al.

2011-01-01

242

Serial repositioning of a Guenther tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter in a pediatric patient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report an 11-year-old boy who required inferior vena cava (IVC) filtration for a prolonged period of time. A retrievable IVC filter was placed and repositioned three times, providing a total of 60 days of IVC filtration. The filter was removed when his risk of pulmonary embolus had decreased substantially. This is a relatively uncommon practice in the pediatric population. The technique is presented, and the available literature is reviewed. (orig.)

243

Transcatheter thrombolytic therapy for symptomatic thrombo-occlusion of inferior vena cava filter  

OpenAIRE

Thrombus within an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter reduces filter patency and venous return from the lower extremities, and may progress to complete IVC occlusion. The clinical experiences and outcomes of transcatheter thrombolytic therapy for symptomatic IVC thrombosis following filter implantation have not been widely reported. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of trans-catheter thrombolysis for the treatment of symptomatic IVC thrombosis in patients wit...

Xiao, Liang; Shen, Jing; Tong, Jia-jie; Zhang, Zhe; Mu, Xiao-lin; Yi, Zheng-jia; Bai, Shuo; Xu, Ke

2012-01-01

244

Inferior vena cava filters in the management of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism: a systematic review  

OpenAIRE

This study systematically reviews outcomes after inferior vena cava (IVC) filtration in cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). A comprehensive review of the English language literature was performed using MEDLINE, COCHRANE library, Embase and CINAHL on outcomes (i.e., pulmonary embolism, recurrent DVT, postphlebitic syndrome and survival) following IVC filtration in cancer-associated VTE. Fourteen studies with 2,154 cancer patients receiving IVC filters post-VTE were included. All we...

Streiff, Michael B.; Leming, Philip D.; Daniel Long; Manish Bhandari; Rachna Raman

2011-01-01

245

Inferior vena cava clip migration: unusual cause of duodenal foreign body.  

Science.gov (United States)

Before the development of the inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, various techniques of IVC interruption were described for the management of patients at high risk for thromboembolic events, and for whom anticoagulation was either inadequate or contraindicated. In this report, we describe the enteric migration of a Miles IVC clip, occurring 27 years after IVC interruption. This previously undescribed complication and the patient's prolonged follow-up period render this case of significant interest. PMID:22981011

Antonoff, Mara B; Beilman, Gregory J

2012-11-01

246

Retrieval of a Wall-Embedded Recovery Inferior Vena Cava Filter Using Rigid Bronchoscopy Forceps  

OpenAIRE

Optional inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are an attractive option to help prevent pulmonary embolism because these filters can be retrieved when the risk for thromboembolic events has passed. Retrieval of IVC filters can be difficult if the filter tilts and its tip becomes embedded into the wall of the IVC. A case is presented in which rigid bronchoscopy forceps were used to retrieve a filter that had become embedded in the wall of the IVC.

White, Sarah B.; Stavropoulos, S. William

2007-01-01

247

Caval Penetration with Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Following Placement of an Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter  

OpenAIRE

Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is an increasingly common request at our institution. The rise in utilization of caval filtration is probably multifactorial and includes pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis most notably in the setting of trauma, the approval and widespread use of temporary/removable filters, and the perceived low complication rates associated with new generation filter designs. We present a unique case of IVC penetration by a new generation filter that resulted i...

Brown, Andy P.; Miller, Michael J.; Smith, Tony P.

2007-01-01

248

Inferior Vena Cava Filters for Primary Prophylaxis: When Are They Indicated?  

OpenAIRE

Over the past several years there has been a rapid increase in the number of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters placed for primary thromboprophylaxis. Increased use has occurred in settings where other methods of thromboprophylaxis are viewed to be inadequate, technically challenging, or that place patients at an unacceptably high bleeding risk. These clinical services include trauma, bariatric surgery, neurosurgery, cancer, intensive care unit populations, and patients with a relative contrain...

Wehrenberg-klee, Eric; Stavropoulos, S. William

2012-01-01

249

Improving the Tracking and Removal of Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters  

OpenAIRE

Therapeutic and prophylactic inferior vena cava (IVC) filters should be placed based on currently accepted indications to prevent a fatal pulmonary embolism (PE). The protective effect of filters is offset by the potential for lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT), caval thrombosis, and possible otherwise unnecessary life-long anticoagulation (AC). The duration of treatment for most DVTs or PEs is 3 to 6 months of AC/filter. Filters should be retrieved when duration of treatment for a ...

Goei, Anthony D.; Josephs, Shellie C.; Kinney, Thomas B.; Ray, Charles E.; Sacks, David

2011-01-01

250

Successful Thrombolysis of Occluded Inferior Vena Cava Filter with IVC Syndrome  

OpenAIRE

Thrombosis of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) following filter insertion can occur in up to 30% of the cases. The optimal management of such cases is unknown. We describe a simple and less expensive method of achieving successful recanalization of the IVC in a 40 year old hypertensive man who developed recurrent pulmonary embolism after his orthopedic treatment. An IVC filter was inserted, which developed extensive thrombosis of the whole IVC and venous system of the lower limbs. Catheter directed t...

Bc, Srinivas; Ajit Pal Singh

2012-01-01

251

Endovascular removal of a permanent "TrapEase" inferior vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement has seen a rising trend over the past decade. Although effective in the prevention of future pulmonary emboli, filters are associated with several long-term complications including deep venous thrombosis, filter migration, filter fracture, and caval thrombosis. The IVC filters have evolved over the years to minimize these unwarranted sequelae. We describe a technique to remove a permanent IVC filter in a patient who no longer required mechanical protection. PMID:23645394

Yallampalli, Sasidhar; Irani, Zubin; Kalva, Sanjeeva P

2013-07-01

252

Serial repositioning of a Guenther tulip retrievable inferior vena cava filter in a pediatric patient  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report an 11-year-old boy who required inferior vena cava (IVC) filtration for a prolonged period of time. A retrievable IVC filter was placed and repositioned three times, providing a total of 60 days of IVC filtration. The filter was removed when his risk of pulmonary embolus had decreased substantially. This is a relatively uncommon practice in the pediatric population. The technique is presented, and the available literature is reviewed. (orig.)

Haider, Ehsan A.; Rosen, J. Choi; Torres, Carlos; Valenti, David A. [McGill University Health Center, Department of Radiology, Montreal, QC (Canada)

2005-11-01

253

Occlusion of Inferior Vena Cava: A Singular Presentation of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

OpenAIRE

Even though the majority of abdominal aortic aneurysm s(AAAs) are asymptomatic, they can occasionally manifest as a result of adjacent structures involvement. Although the most frequent venous complication of AAA is rupture into the inferior vena cava (IVC), venous compression can infrequently occur. The authors report a particularly rare case of compression and thrombosis of the IVC by AAA. Patient was treated by preoperative placement of an IVC filter to impede pulmonary embolism and subseq...

Guedes Vaz; Sandrina Braga; Joana Ferreira; Miguel Maia; Daniel Brandão; Correia Sim Amp Es, Jo Amp O.; Vasconcelos, Jo Amp O.; Alexandra Canedo

2009-01-01

254

Inferior Vena Cava Filtration in the Management of Venous Thromboembolism: Filtering the Data  

OpenAIRE

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. This is especially true for hospitalized patients. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the leading preventable cause of in-hospital mortality. The preferred method of both treatment and prophylaxis for VTE is anticoagulation. However, in a subset of patients, anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated or ineffective, and these patients often receive an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. The sole purpose of an IVC filter is preven...

Molvar, Christopher

2012-01-01

255

Retrieval of a wall-embedded recovery inferior vena cava filter using rigid bronchoscopy forceps.  

Science.gov (United States)

Optional inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are an attractive option to help prevent pulmonary embolism because these filters can be retrieved when the risk for thromboembolic events has passed. Retrieval of IVC filters can be difficult if the filter tilts and its tip becomes embedded into the wall of the IVC. A case is presented in which rigid bronchoscopy forceps were used to retrieve a filter that had become embedded in the wall of the IVC. PMID:21326730

White, Sarah B; Stavropoulos, S William

2007-03-01

256

Association of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome with Sleep Apnea: Investigation Using an Impulse Oscillometry System  

OpenAIRE

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) patients sometimes show signs of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the mechanism causing hypoxia during sleep in SVCS patients is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to elucidate 1) the changes in central and peripheral respiratory resistance with SVCS, and 2) interpret the mechanism underlying the development of hypoxia during sleep in patients with SVCS related to OSA. Ten SVCS patients related to a neoplasm were recruited for this study. The ...

Masato Katagiri; Noriyuki Masuda; Masaru Kubota; Mayuko Wada; Hisashi Mitsufuji; Tsuyoshi Ichikawa; Naohito Ishii; Masanori Yokoba

2012-01-01

257

Congenital absence of inferior vena cava and thrombosis: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction A congenitally absent Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly that is recognised to be associated with idiopathic Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT), particularly in the young. It may not be apparent until later in life. Retrospectively, as discussed in this case, there can be clues indicating the presence of such an anomaly from a young age. However, it is not clear whether early recognition of this condition would affect the prognosis and treatment. Case presentation A 54...

Iqbal Javaid; Nagaraju Eswarappa

2008-01-01

258

Implante de filtro em veia cava inferior dupla: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Filter placement in duplicated inferior vena cava: case report and review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Veia cava inferior dupla é uma variação anatômica rara cuja prevalência é de 0,2-3%. O implante de filtro de veia cava, quando indicado em casos com duplicidade da veia cava inferior, pode ser realizado de diferentes formas: em ambas as veias cavas; em uma delas, embolizando a anastomose entre ambas; em somente uma delas; ou por implante supra-renal. Relatamos um caso de trombose venosa profunda no pós-operatório de implante de prótese de quadril com contra-indicação para tratamento anticoagulante e cuja cavografia evidenciou duplicidade de veia cava inferior. O implante de filtro de veia cava inferior realizado em posição supra-renal mostrou-se opção adequada e segura.Double inferior vena cava is a rare anatomic variation with prevalence ranging between 0.2-3.0%. In cases of duplication, inferior vena cava filter placement options include placing it in both vena cava, coil-embolization of the intervenous segment plus placing a filter in the right inferior vena cava, or suprarenal filter placement. We report a case of deep venous thrombosis after unilateral primary total hip replacement, presenting with contraindications for anticoagulant therapy, in which cavography showed inferior vena cava duplication. Inferior vena cava filter placement was performed in the supra-renal portion and was proved to be an adequate and safe procedure.

Rafael Demarchi Malgor

2008-06-01

259

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava level II involvement: curative resection and reconstruction of renal veins  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVCL is a rare retroperitoneal tumor. We report two cases of level II (middle level, renal veins to hepatic veins IVCL, who underwent en bloc resection with reconstruction of bilateral or left renal venous return using prosthetic grafts. In our cases, IVCL is documented to be occluded preoperatively, therefore, radical resection of tumor and/or right kidney was performed and the distal end of inferior vena cava was resected and without caval reconstruction. None of the patients developed edema or acute renal failure postoperatively. After surgical resection, adjuvant radiation therapy was administrated. The patients have been free of recurrence 2?years and 3?months, 9?months after surgery, respectively, indicating the complete surgical resection and radiotherapy contribute to the better survival. The reconstruction of inferior vena cava was not considered mandatory in level II IVCL, if the retroperitoneal venous collateral pathways have been established. In addition to the curative resection of IVCL, the renal vascular reconstruction minimized the risks of procedure-related acute renal failure, and was more physiologically preferable. This concept was reflected in the treatment of the two patients reported on.

Wang Quan

2012-06-01

260

Catéter en vena cava superior para hemodiálisis entre los últimos recursos en hemitórax superior / Catheter in the superior vena cava for hemodialysis as a last resort in superior hemithorax  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presentan 4 pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en terapia hemodialítica en quienes se habían agotado los accesos venosos clásicos (yugular interno, subclavio) y no clásicos (axilar e innominado) en el hemitórax superior para hemodiálisis, debido principalmente a trombosis de los mismos por ca [...] teterismos anteriores, y que no eran candidatos a diálisis peritoneal. En ellos, con la técnica recomendada por Archundia et al., se implantaron 4 catéteres permanentes directamente en la vena cava superior, con posterior tunelización subcutánea. Los catéteres funcionaron adecuadamente y están permeables actualmente después de un período de utilización promedio de 19 meses. Abstract in english We report four patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis therapy, which had exhausted conventional venous access (internal jugular, subclavian) and non-conventional access (axillary, innominate) in the upper hemithorax for haemodialysis. This was primarily due to thrombosis of th [...] ese veins caused by previous catheterisation. These patients did not qualify for peritoneal dialysis. Using the technique recommended by Archundia et al., 4 indwelling catheters were implanted directly in the superior vena cava in each of the patients with subsequent subcutaneous tunneling. The catheters operated correctly and are currently permeable after being used for an average of 19 months.

César Augusto, Restrepo Valencia; C.M., Buritica Barragán; A., Arango.

261

Trombosis bilateral de venas renales e insuficiencia renal aguda secundaria a trombosis de un filtro en vena cava inferior / Bilateral renal vein thrombosis and acute renal failure due to inferior vena cava filter thrombosis. Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Bilateral renal vein thrombosis is an unusual etiology of acute renal failure and usually is associated with nephrotic syndrome. We report a 77-year-old man, consulting in the emergency room for anuria that appeared 24 hours after a syncope. The patient was carrier of an inferior vena cava filter pr [...] ophylactically installed 17 months earlier and was not receiving anticoagulation. Serum creatinine on admission was 5.45 mg/dl and blood urea nitrogen was 54 mg/dl. Computed tomography and Doppler ultrasonography showed an extensive thrombosis of inferior vena cava and both renal veins. Heparin therapy was started with a rapid recovery of renal function and diuresis.

Jorge, Vega; Rienzi, Díaz.

1473-14-01

262

Tratamento cirúrgico da conexão anômala parcial das veias pulmonares em veia cava superior / Surgical treatment of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O tratamento cirúrgico da conexão anômala das veias pulmonares em veia cava superior, associada ao defeito septal atrial tipo seio venoso, é bem estabelecido e transcorre com baixa mortalidade e morbidade. Com a finalidade de diminuir a incidência de estenose ou oclusão da veia cava superi [...] or direita, especialmente quando associada à presença de veia cava superior esquerda, o apêndice atrial direito foi utilizado para ampliar a veia cava superior direita, após o desvio das veias pulmonares para o átrio esquerdo. MÉTODOS: No período entre junho de 1986 e setembro de 2008, foram operados 95 pacientes, consecutivos, portadores desta anomalia com drenagem em veia cava superior direita e porção alta do átrio direito. A idade variou de 6 meses a 68 anos e o sexo feminino predominou com 50 casos. RESULTADOS: No material apresentado, não ocorreu nenhum óbito na fase de pós-operatório imediato ou tardio. O ritmo cardíaco permaneceu sempre sinusal e não ocorreram complicações na evolução. CONCLUSÃO: O presente trabalho demonstra a aplicabilidade da técnica descrita, com resultados favoráveis em relação a mortalidade, distúrbios de ritmo e complicações na região da veia cava superior direita. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment of anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava, associated with sinus venous atrial septal defect, is well established and correlates with low mortality and morbidity. In order to reduce the incidence of stenosis or occlusion of the right superior ve [...] na cava, especially when associated with the presence of left superior vena cava, the right atrial appendage was used to enlarge the right superior vena cava, after the diversion of the anomalous pulmonary veins for the left atrium. METHODS: Between June 1986 and September 2008, 95 consecutive patients were operated with anomalous drainage in the superior right vena cava and high right atrium. Ages ranged from 6 months to 68 years and females predominated with 50 cases. RESULTS: There was no death in the immediate or late post operative care. The sinus cardiac rhythm was preserved in all cases and there was no complications in the late follow up. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates the applicability of the technique described, with favorable results on mortality, rhythm disturbances and complications in the right superior vena cava.

Marcelo Dagola, Paulista; Paulo Henrique Dagola, Paulista; Ana Luiza Paulista, Guerra; Paulo Paredes, Paulista.

2009-06-01

263

Implante de filtro em veia cava inferior dupla: relato de caso e revisão da literatura / Filter placement in duplicated inferior vena cava: case report and review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Veia cava inferior dupla é uma variação anatômica rara cuja prevalência é de 0,2-3%. O implante de filtro de veia cava, quando indicado em casos com duplicidade da veia cava inferior, pode ser realizado de diferentes formas: em ambas as veias cavas; em uma delas, embolizando a anastomose entre ambas [...] ; em somente uma delas; ou por implante supra-renal. Relatamos um caso de trombose venosa profunda no pós-operatório de implante de prótese de quadril com contra-indicação para tratamento anticoagulante e cuja cavografia evidenciou duplicidade de veia cava inferior. O implante de filtro de veia cava inferior realizado em posição supra-renal mostrou-se opção adequada e segura. Abstract in english Double inferior vena cava is a rare anatomic variation with prevalence ranging between 0.2-3.0%. In cases of duplication, inferior vena cava filter placement options include placing it in both vena cava, coil-embolization of the intervenous segment plus placing a filter in the right inferior vena ca [...] va, or suprarenal filter placement. We report a case of deep venous thrombosis after unilateral primary total hip replacement, presenting with contraindications for anticoagulant therapy, in which cavography showed inferior vena cava duplication. Inferior vena cava filter placement was performed in the supra-renal portion and was proved to be an adequate and safe procedure.

Rafael Demarchi, Malgor; Marcone Lima, Sobreira; Priscila Nunes, Boaventura; Regina, Moura; Winston Bonetti, Yoshida.

2008-06-01

264

Partial absence of superior vena cava in an adult patient. Case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Absence of the superior vena cava (SVC) is a rare variety of vascular anomaly. The purpose of this report is to describe the computed tomography (CT) findings of the partial absence of the SVC without persistent left SVC in a patient with no evidence of congenital cardiovascular disease and no prior history of central venous instrumentation. A 77-year-old woman with a history of colon cancer underwent thoracoabdominal CT imaging because of abdominal pain of uncertain cause. No tumor recurrence was observed. A complicated"investigation" confirmed a thymoid cancer surgery back in 1976, which was accompanied by resection of the SVC and the left brachiocephalic vein because of their invasion. Owing to the absence of the SVC and bilateral brachiocephalic veins, caval hypertension developed in the patient, resulting in the dilation of cavo-caval anastomoses. In addition, new anastomoses were opened. The clinical significance and possible embryogenesis of this anomaly are discussed. The extremely rare condition of the partial absence of the SVC appeared with subcutaneous dilated, tortuous collaterals in an asymptomatic adult patient. This anomaly is becoming clinically more relevant with the increasing use of minimally invasive vascular surgery. PMID:23324916

Tarnoki, D L; Tarnoki, A D; Nemeth, K; Bata, P; Berczi, V; Karlinger, K

2013-11-01

265

Role of inferior vena cava filter implantation in preventing pulmonary embolism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A retrospective review of all patients undergoing IVC filter implantation at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, from June 2004 to June 2006 was conducted to study the indications of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter use and impact on short-term morbidity/mortality. A total of 17 patients received IVC filters. Five patients were excluded due to data loss. One month clinical followup was available for 12 patients and 6 months follow-up was also available for 4 of 12 patients. The underlying disease was deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with pulmonary embolism (PE) in 6 (50%), DVT without PE in 4 (33.3%) and PE with negative duplex scan for DVT in 2 (16.6%) patients, respectively. Indications for IVC filter implantation were DVT and/or PE with contraindication to anticoagulation in 8 (66.7%) and DVT and/or PE with complications of anticoagulation in 4 (33.3%) patients. No procedure-related complications were noted in all 17 patients. Three patients (25%) died of non-PE related causes during the 1st month. There were no PE related mortalities at 6 months. This data set indicates that IVC filter implantation is a safe procedure with no short-term morbidity/mortality and potential long-term mortality benefit. (author)

266

Relationship between Microscopic Hematuria and Inferior Vena Cava Reflux on Color Doppler Ultrasonography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We examined the relationship between microscopic hematuria and inferior vena cava (IVC reflux. Transabdominal color Doppler ultrasonography of the IVC was performed in the supine position with the convex probe positioned perpendicular to the upper abdominal wall, and the extent of reflux into the IVC with each heart beat was examined near the diaphragm. A total of 171 patients were studied who had no diseases that could cause hematuria, and no symptomatic gross hematuria. The relationship between the existence and severity of IVC reflux and urine occult blood was examined. The 98 males included 50 subjects without IVC reflux and 48 with reflux, while the 73 females included 24 without IVC reflux and 49 with IVC reflux, respectively. The occurrence of IVC reflux was unrelated to age, but the prevalence of reflux was significantly higher in females than males. As the grade of IVC reflux increased, there was an increase in the prevalence and the severity of hematuria in both males and females. In conclusion, IVC reflux could be related to the occurrence of microscopic hematuria. Renal or urinary tract congestion secondary to IVC reflux may be one of the factors contributing to hematuria.

Kimio Sugaya

2013-12-01

267

Síndrome de la vena cava superior en el posoperatorio inmediato de trasplante cardíaco: tratamiento endovascular / Endovascular Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in the Immediate Postoperative Period of Heart Transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trasplante cardíaco está indicado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca terminal sin opción de tratamiento médico, intervencionista o quirúrgico y puede realizarse utilizando fundamentalmente tres variantes técnicas. El beneficio de la técnica bicava en términos de parámetros hemodinámicos y cl [...] ínicos la ha convertido en la más utilizada, aunque es técnicamente más demandante y puede tener algunas consecuencias, como estenosis en las anastomosis de las venas cavas. En esta presentación se describe el caso de un paciente sometido a trasplante cardíaco ortotópico con técnica bicava que en el primer día del posoperatorio desarrolló el síndrome de la vena cava superior. Durante el segundo día posoperatorio y ante sintomatología progresiva, a pesar de haberse administrado anticoagulación, se decidió realizar una flebografía diagnóstica y al mismo tiempo tratamiento endovascular. En ese procedimiento se recanalizó la vena cava superior y se implantaron tres stents autoexpandibles, con lo que se logró permeabilidad de la anastomosis entre las venas cavas donante y receptora, la vena cava superior y la subclavia derecha. La evolución fue favorable con alivio inmediato de la sintomatología. El paciente fue dado de alta sin complicaciones.

Ricardo G, Marenchino; Román D, Rostagno; César A, Belziti; Héctor D, Albornoz; Alberto, Domenech; Norberto, Vulcano; Ricardo D, García Mónaco; Roberto R, Batelini.

2011-10-01

268

Advanced Stage T-Cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in an 11-Month-Old Infant and Related Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Importance of Transthoracic Echocardiography  

Science.gov (United States)

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is rare in infants. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common cause of SVCS in children. Swelling in the face and neck are the most common clinical symptoms associated with this syndrome. However, these clinical findings are also observed in allergic diseases, which therefore often leads to misdiagnosis. Here, we reported the importance of echocardiography in diagnosing SVCS in an infant with advanced stage non-Hodgkin lymphoma. PMID:24639614

YILMAZ, Osman; KARABAG, Kezban; KESKIN YILDIRIM, Zuhal; CALIK, Muhammet; KILIC, Omer

2014-01-01

269

Advanced Stage T-Cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in an 11-Month-Old Infant and Related Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Importance of Transthoracic Echocardiography  

OpenAIRE

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is rare in infants. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common cause of SVCS in children. Swelling in the face and neck are the most common clinical symptoms associated with this syndrome. However, these clinical findings are also observed in allergic diseases, which therefore often leads to misdiagnosis. Here, we reported the importance of echocardiography in diagnosing SVCS in an infant with advanced stage non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Yilmaz, Osman; Karabag, Kezban; Keskin Yildirim, Zuhal; Calik, Muhammet; Kilic, Omer

2014-01-01

270

Leiomiosarcoma endovascular en vena cava inferior con síndrome de Budd-Chiari asociado: a propósito de un caso / Endovascular Leiomyosarcoma ofthe Inferior Vena Cava with Budd-Chiari syndrome: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 56 años de edad, que acude al Servicio de Urgencias de nuestro centro por un cuadro de distensión y dolor abdominal difuso con edemas en extremidades inferiores. En los estudios de imagen realizados (ecografía y TC) se demostró la existencia de ocupación intralumi [...] nal de la vena cava inferior, por una masa que se extendía desde el drenaje de las venas renales hasta su confluencia en la aurícula derecha, con signos de obstrucción de las venas suprahepáticas. El diagnóstico anatomopatológico final fue de leiomiosarcoma con síndrome de Budd-Chiari asociado. El leiomiosarcoma de vena cava inferior es una patología poco frecuente y su asociación con síndrome de Budd-Chiari es aún más excepcional. Abstract in english We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented at our Emergency Department with symptoms ofdiffuse abdominal pain and distention with lower-extremity edema. Imaging studies (ultrasound and computed tomography) showed an intraluminar inferior vena cava mass extending from the renal veins dra [...] in to their confluence at the right atrium, with signs of obstruction of the suprahepatic veins. The final pathology diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma with Budd-Chiari syndrome. The leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava is an infrequent pathology and its association with Budd-Chiari syndrome is even rarer.

David Ibáñez, Muñoz; Ana Riaguas, Almenara; Patricia, Sota Ochoa; Carlos Eduardo, Paradisi Chacon; Elena Martínez, Mombila; Luis Sarria Octavio, de Toledo.

2011-09-01

271

Leiomiosarcoma endovascular en vena cava inferior con síndrome de Budd-Chiari asociado: a propósito de un caso Endovascular Leiomyosarcoma ofthe Inferior Vena Cava with Budd-Chiari syndrome: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 56 años de edad, que acude al Servicio de Urgencias de nuestro centro por un cuadro de distensión y dolor abdominal difuso con edemas en extremidades inferiores. En los estudios de imagen realizados (ecografía y TC se demostró la existencia de ocupación intraluminal de la vena cava inferior, por una masa que se extendía desde el drenaje de las venas renales hasta su confluencia en la aurícula derecha, con signos de obstrucción de las venas suprahepáticas. El diagnóstico anatomopatológico final fue de leiomiosarcoma con síndrome de Budd-Chiari asociado. El leiomiosarcoma de vena cava inferior es una patología poco frecuente y su asociación con síndrome de Budd-Chiari es aún más excepcional.We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented at our Emergency Department with symptoms ofdiffuse abdominal pain and distention with lower-extremity edema. Imaging studies (ultrasound and computed tomography showed an intraluminar inferior vena cava mass extending from the renal veins drain to their confluence at the right atrium, with signs of obstruction of the suprahepatic veins. The final pathology diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma with Budd-Chiari syndrome. The leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava is an infrequent pathology and its association with Budd-Chiari syndrome is even rarer.

David Ibáñez Muñoz

2011-09-01

272

Trombosis del sector ilio-cava: trombosis puerperal y trombosis en agenesia de la cava inferior / Thrombosis of the ileo-caval sector: puerperal thrombosis and agenesia thrombosis of the inferior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La trombosis de la vena cava inferior supone alrededor del 15 % del total de los casos de trombosis venosa profunda. Se presenta un caso de una puérpera primigesta con parto por cesárea que presentó una trombosis con inicio en la vena ovárica derecha y extensión hasta la cava inferior. Fue tratada c [...] on heparina de bajo peso molecular en dosis anticoagulantes, reposo con extremidades elevadas y elastocompresión. Tras la evolución satisfactoria del proceso, con lisis parcial del trombo, se comenzó anticoagulación oral con acenocumarol durante 6 meses. El segundo paciente, un varón de 73 años, con antecedentes de hidatidosis hepática intervenida, presentó una trombosis de la cava inferior infrarrenal y agenesia del segmento retrohepático de la cava inferior. El enfermo sigue con tratamiento anticoagulante con acenocumarol, elastocompresión y cuidados higiénicos. Como secuela presentó un síndrome posflebítico con episodios de úlceras flebostásicas y reagudizaciones del edema, que han obligado a su hospitalización en dos ocasiones. Abstract in english The thrombosis of the inferior vena cava account for around the 15% of the cases of deep venous thrombosis. This is the case of a puerperal primigravida with a cesarean section labor presenting with a thrombosis initially in the right ovarian vein and then extension to the inferior vena cava. Treatm [...] ent included low molecular weight heparin in anticoagulant doses; rest with elevation of the extremities and elastic bandage. After a satisfactory process evolution with partial lysis of the thrombus, the oral anticoagulation with Acenocumarol for 6 months was started. The second patient, a man aged 73 with backgrounds of an operated hepatic hydatidosis, had a thrombosis of the infrarenal inferior vena cava and agenesia of retrohepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. The patient remains with anticoagulant treatment including Acenocumarol, elastic bandage and hygienic care. As sequela he had a postphlebitic syndrome and reworsening of the edema leading to its admission in two occasions.

Jorge, García Egea; Isabel, Lara Guerrero; José Miguel, Fustero Aznar; Vicente, Hermoso Cuenca; Abel, Vélez Lomana.

2011-03-01

273

Role of cardiac output and the autonomic nervous system in the antinatriuretic response to acute constriction of the thoracic superior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Study of the differential characteristics of hepatic congestion and decreased cardiac output in terms of potential afferent stimuli in the antinatriuretic effect of acute thoracic inferior vena cava (TIVC) constriction. An attempt is made to see if the autonomic nervous system is involved in the antinatriuretic effect of acute TIVC or thoracic superior vena cava constriction.

Schrier, R. W.; Humphreys, M. H.; Ufferman, R. C.

1971-01-01

274

Terapia de resincronización cardiaca en paciente con vena cava superior izquierda persistente: Caso clínico / Placement of a biventricular resynchronization device in a patient with a persistent left superior vena cava: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common venous congenital malformation and is usually asymptomatic. Its presence could increase the difficulty for transvenous lead implantation. We report a 71-year-old woman with an idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation and heart failu [...] re that required biventri-cular resynchronization therapy. During the placement of the device a persistent left superior vena cava was detected. The device was placed without problems and the patient had a satisfactory postoperative evolution.

Ismael, Vergara S; Patricia, Frangini S; Raúl, Barrero V.

2012-01-01

275

Leiomiosarcoma primario de mediastino que compromete el sistema de la vena cava superior: Resección quirúrgica asociada a reconstrucción venosa / Primary leiomyosarcoma of the mediastinum involving the superior vena cava system: Surgical resection and venous reconstruction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los tumores del mediastino pueden tener múltiples formas de presentación y diversos orígenes anato-mopatológicos. A veces alcanzan gran tamaño y pueden comprometer por compresión o infiltración el sistema de la vena cava superior. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 48 años que consultó por disnea, [...] cefalea y palpitaciones en decúbito de dos meses de evolución. En la radiografía y en la tomografía computada de tórax se demostró un tumor de mediastino anterior, el estudio anatomopatológico mediante biopsia trucut concluyó leiomiosarcoma. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico, se resecó la masa tumoral que comprometía el sistema de la vena cava superior, se ligó y resecó el tronco venoso braquiocefálico izquierdo o innominado y se reconstruyó parte de la vena cava superior con parche de pericardio autólogo. El nervio frénico derecho se encontraba rodeado por la masa tumoral y se resecó junto con el tumor. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y fue dado de alta al décimo primer día post operado. El estudio de anatomía patológica de la pieza operatoria confirmó un leiomiosarcoma G2 de 3.100 gramos. Se completó tratamiento con radioterapia post operatoria. A 15 meses post operado el paciente se encuentra en buenas condiciones generales, sin evidencias de recidiva y sin síndrome de vena cava superior. Abstract in english Mediastinal tumors have multiple presentation forms and various pathological origins. Sometimes they reach a large size and can involve the system of superior vena cava by compression or infiltration. We present a 48 year old man admited for dyspnea, headache and palpitations in decubitus, for the l [...] ast two months. The X-ray and chest computed tomography showed an anterior mediastinal tumor and the tru-cut pathological study concluded leiomyosarcoma. He underwent surgical treatment; the tumor compromised the system of the superior vena cava and was resected with ligation and resection the left brachiocephalic trunk. Part of the superior vena cava was reconstructed with autologous pericardium. The right phrenic nerve was surrounded by the tumor mass and was resected in block. The patient recovered satisfactorily and was discharged on the eleventh day post surgery. The histopathologic study of the surgical specimen confirmed a leiomyosarcoma G2 (3,100 gr). Full adjuvant radiotherapy was done. At 15 months after surgery the patient is in good condition without evidence of recurrence or superior vena cava syndrome.

ROBERTO, GONZÁLEZ L; RAFAEL, PRATS M; CLAUDIO, CIFUENTES V; DAVID, LAZO P; RAIMUNDO, SANTOLAYA C; PATRICIO, RODRÍGUEZ.

2011-08-01

276

A rare presentation of the double inferior vena cava with an anomalous retrocaval right ureter: embryogenesis and clinical implications.  

Science.gov (United States)

On dissection of the abdomen of an adult male cadaver, in addition to the normal inferior vena cava on the right side, an unusual venous channel which connected the left renal vein with the left common iliac vein was found; (probably the left inferior vena cava). The left testicular and the left suprarenal veins were opening into the left renal vein as usual. Other than this, a retrocaval ureter was found on the right side. The works of previous authors have highlighted the incidence of a venacaval duplication and its surgical implications, but here, we are presenting a unique case of a double inferior vena cava with an anomalous retrocaval ureter. A conglomeration of such vascular malformations is of immense surgical importance, and it is indicative of a grossly defective angiogenesis. Keeping in mind the clinical relevance of the variations which were observed, an attempt was made to explain them in the light of the embryogenic development. PMID:23634409

Gupta, Pratibha; Khullar, Meenakshi; Sharma, Ravikant; Singh, Richhpal

2013-03-01

277

In situ quantification of endothelial cell damage caused by iodinated contrast media using a rat vena cava model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Quantification of vascular endothelial cell damage induced by iodinated contrast media using an in situ perfused rat vena cava model. Materials and methods: The institutional review board approved this study protocol prior to the commencement of all studies. A laparotomy was performed in 90 rats divided into 18 groups of five, and an 18G-catheter was inserted into the abdominal vena cava (mean length: ca 8 mm). After sacrificing, a thoracotomy was done and the outflow perfusate was emitted via a polyethylene tube inserted into the thoracic vena cava through the right atrium for an open system. Iopamidol (300 or 370 mg I/mL, 50 or 100 mL) was injected via the abdominal vena cava at a rate of 1, 4, or 8 mL/s. The abdominal vena cava was removed for histological analysis (n = 5). Physiological saline was injected as a negative control. The detachment percentage of endothelial cells was calculated by measuring the circumference and detachment section of the endothelium. The difference of the detachment percentage and circumference between each group was compared with Tukey's range test. Results: In contrast media groups, the severity of damage to the vascular endothelial cell was direct proportional to the increase of injection rate. The detachment percentage at 4 or 8 mL/s was significantly higher than that at 1 mL/s. As a result, the correlation between the injection rate and severity of cell damage was significant; however, the detachment percentage among contever, the detachment percentage among contrast media groups was not significant at any injection rate. Conclusion: The in situ vena cava model was able to quantify contrast media injection related endothelial damage based on histopathological endpoints. Moreover, our results indicate that mechanical shear stress besides physico-chemical properties such as osmolality or viscosity cause endothelial damage.

278

Pseudoaneurisma de aorta como causa de síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso / Aortic pseudoaneurysm as cause of superior vena cava syndrome: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A síndrome da veia cava superior representa o conjunto de sinais e sintomas decorrentes da sua obstrução. A síndrome tem como principais etiologias tumores malignos, como o carcinoma broncogênico, o linfoma e a metástase mediastinal. O câncer de pulmão é responsável por 80% dos casos, os linfomas me [...] diastinais por 15%, e 5% correspondem às demais causas. Este relato de caso objetiva apresentar um caso incomum dessa síndrome, ocorrido em um paciente do sexo masculino após ferimento penetrante no tórax, resultando em pseudoaneurisma de arco aórtico e a síndrome da veia cava superior. Abstract in english The superior vena cava syndrome represents the set of signs and symptoms resulting from obstruction of superior vena cava. The syndrome has as main causes malignant tumors such as bronchogenic carcinoma, lymphoma and mediastinal metastases. Lung cancer accounts for 80% of cases, mediastinal lymphoma [...] s by 15% and 5% correspond to other causes. This case report aims to present an unusual case of this syndrome, which occurred in a male patient after penetrating wound in the chest, which developed a pseudoaneurysm of the aortic arch and superior vena cava syndrome.

Katsuro, Harada Júnior; Renato Garcia Lisboa, Borges; Renata Kiyoko Borges, Harada.

2012-09-01

279

Pseudoaneurisma de aorta como causa de síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso Aortic pseudoaneurysm as cause of superior vena cava syndrome: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A síndrome da veia cava superior representa o conjunto de sinais e sintomas decorrentes da sua obstrução. A síndrome tem como principais etiologias tumores malignos, como o carcinoma broncogênico, o linfoma e a metástase mediastinal. O câncer de pulmão é responsável por 80% dos casos, os linfomas mediastinais por 15%, e 5% correspondem às demais causas. Este relato de caso objetiva apresentar um caso incomum dessa síndrome, ocorrido em um paciente do sexo masculino após ferimento penetrante no tórax, resultando em pseudoaneurisma de arco aórtico e a síndrome da veia cava superior.The superior vena cava syndrome represents the set of signs and symptoms resulting from obstruction of superior vena cava. The syndrome has as main causes malignant tumors such as bronchogenic carcinoma, lymphoma and mediastinal metastases. Lung cancer accounts for 80% of cases, mediastinal lymphomas by 15% and 5% correspond to other causes. This case report aims to present an unusual case of this syndrome, which occurred in a male patient after penetrating wound in the chest, which developed a pseudoaneurysm of the aortic arch and superior vena cava syndrome.

Katsuro Harada Júnior

2012-09-01

280

The Analysis of Postoperative Complications after Thrombectomy from Inferior Vena Cava in Renal Cell Carcinoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the investigation is to analyze the results of thrombectomy from inferior vena cava in renal cell carcinoma to reveal the main prognostic factors of postoperative complications.Materials and methods. Nephrectomy with thrombectomy from inferior vena cava was performed in 34 patients. Thrombus level ?3b was revealed in 27 patients (79.4% (thrombus length — 5.10±1.75 cm, ?3? — in 7 patients (20.6% (thrombus length — 14.80±0.98 ??. Postoperative complications were analyzed according to Clavien–Dindo classification of surgical complications. Results. Blood loss volume in operation was on average 866 ml (250–4000 ml. 18 patients (52.9% had no complications. Two patients (5.9% had I degree complication (anemia. The II degree of complication was revealed in 11 patients (32.3%, after the operation they underwent blood transfusion. One patients (2.9% had IIIa degree of complications (after the operation he required pleural punctures and pericardium drainage under local anesthesia, and one patients had III? degree of complications (descending colon perforation — he underwent relaparotomy and colostomy. There were no IV degree complications. One patient (2.9% died (V degree from pulmonary embolism. Correlation analysis determined high (r=0.7 complications dependence of thrombus size and blood loss volume (r=0.6 and low dependence — of tumour size (r=0.44. There were revealed no complication dependence of patients age (r=0.1, status on Karnofsky scale (r=0.0. All 33 patients discharged from hospital had lived over 6 months after the operation. Conclusion. After nephrectomy with thrombectomy from inferior vena cava there is high risk of postoperative complications, the frequency and type of which to a greater degree depend on thrombus size and blood loss volume.

P.I. Rykhtik

2012-05-01

281

Long-term results of the Simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy, mechanical stability, and safety of the Simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter (SNF). The SNF was inserted in 114 consecutive patients at two institutions for prophylaxis of pulmonary embolism (PE). Clinical follow-up data were obtained retrospectively on all patients, and 38 patients underwent a dedicated radiologic follow-up protocol consisting of abdominal radiography, Doppler sonography, and CT. There was no immediate complication following filter insertion. Fifty patients died, on average, 5.6 (1-23) months after filter insertion, and 64 patients were alive, on average, 27 (3-62) months after filter insertion. Recurrent pulmonary embolism was documented in 5 patients (4.4 %) but originated distal to the filter in 1 patient. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was documented in 5.3 %, thrombosis at the access site in 3.5 %, and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava in 3.5 %. The rate of thromboembolic complications was similar in patients who did receive long-term anticoagulation and in those who did not. Radiologic follow-up showed no filter migration after, on average, 32 (5-62) months. A CT examination showed that struts of the SNF had penetrated the vena cava in 95 %, and were in contact with adjacent organs in 76 %; however, there were no clinical symptoms attributable to the filter. Filters were in an eccentric position in 63 % and partial filter disruption was found in 16 %; however, this did not affect und in 16 %; however, this did not affect filter function. The rate of recurrent pulmonary embolism after insertion of the SNF is 2.4 % per patient per year. Regardless of long-term anticoagulation, the rate of caval thrombosis is acceptably low. Except for occasional access-site thrombosis, no other filter-related morbidity was observed. (orig.)

282

Long-term results of the Simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy, mechanical stability, and safety of the Simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter (SNF). The SNF was inserted in 114 consecutive patients at two institutions for prophylaxis of pulmonary embolism (PE). Clinical follow-up data were obtained retrospectively on all patients, and 38 patients underwent a dedicated radiologic follow-up protocol consisting of abdominal radiography, Doppler sonography, and CT. There was no immediate complication following filter insertion. Fifty patients died, on average, 5.6 (1-23) months after filter insertion, and 64 patients were alive, on average, 27 (3-62) months after filter insertion. Recurrent pulmonary embolism was documented in 5 patients (4.4 %) but originated distal to the filter in 1 patient. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was documented in 5.3 %, thrombosis at the access site in 3.5 %, and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava in 3.5 %. The rate of thromboembolic complications was similar in patients who did receive long-term anticoagulation and in those who did not. Radiologic follow-up showed no filter migration after, on average, 32 (5-62) months. A CT examination showed that struts of the SNF had penetrated the vena cava in 95 %, and were in contact with adjacent organs in 76 %; however, there were no clinical symptoms attributable to the filter. Filters were in an eccentric position in 63 % and partial filter disruption was found in 16 %; however, this did not affect filter function. The rate of recurrent pulmonary embolism after insertion of the SNF is 2.4 % per patient per year. Regardless of long-term anticoagulation, the rate of caval thrombosis is acceptably low. Except for occasional access-site thrombosis, no other filter-related morbidity was observed. (orig.) With 5 figs., 2 tabs., 31 refs.

Poletti, P.A.; Prina, L.; Didier, D.; Schneider, P.A.; Terrier, F. [Department of Radiology, Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Geneva University Hospital (Switzerland); Becker, C.D. [Department of Radiology, Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Geneva University Hospital (Switzerland)]|[Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Bern (Switzerland); Ruijs, P. [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Bern (Switzerland); Bounameaux, H. [Division of Angiology and Haemostasis, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland)

1998-03-01

283

Ruptured Angiomyolipoma with Fatty Tumor Thrombus of the Renal Vein and Inferior Vena Cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign clonal neoplasm that consists of three constituents,namely, blood vessels, adipose tissue and smooth muscle. Although renal angiomyolipomahas a benign nature and grows slowly, extrarenal occurrences have been reported in the hilarlymph nodes, retroperitoneum, liver, colon and direct extension to the renal vein and inferiorvena cava as a tumor thrombus. Such a tumor thrombus is not an uncommon preoperativefinding in renal cell carcinoma but is a rare presentation in renal angiomyolipoma. We presenta case and review the literature, noting that tumor thrombus occur in sizable angiomyolipoma(> 4 cm, right kidneys and, predominantly, in females. The potentially lethal natureof a vena cava thrombus prompted radical surgery.

Ching-Hwa Yang

2006-08-01

284

Percutaneous endovascular Y-stenting of a malignant superior vena cava and innominate vein obstruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is considered one of the telltale signs of a terminal malignant process. We describe a successful endovascular desobliteration of a subtotal occluded SVC and the left innominate vein using a Y-stent technique in a 46-year-old female with a mediastinal nodal metastasis of a relapsing renal cell carcinoma. Complete clinical improvement in the symptoms within the first 24 hours of the procedure and no complication were observed. This report describes endovascular stenting of the SVC as a palliation therapy to overcome the severe clinical symptoms of SVCS besides surgical or chemotherapy in mediastinal malignancy masses. PMID:24122722

Cordial, Reginald; Moussavian, Mohammed Reza; Corvalan, José; Görtz, Hartmut; Teßarek, Jörg

2014-01-01

285

Inadvertent isolation of a focal tachycardia within the superior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The superior vena cava (SVC is known to be a potential source of focal atrial tachycardias. Not uncommonly these tachycardias trigger atrial fibrillation or flutter. Focal ablation is safe and effective in eliminating arrhythmogenic foci within the SVC. We present the case of a patient with focal atrial tachycardia arising from the SVC. During presumably focal ablation inadvertent electrical isolation of the SVC from the right atrium was achieved, with restoration of sinus rhythm in the atria and persistence of the tachycardia within the SVC.

Milko K. Stoyanov

2012-10-01

286

Bilateral dyb venos trombose og vena cava-aplasi behandlet med lokal trombolyse  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this case report the treatment of a young man with bilateral iliaco-femoral DVT and vena cava aplasia is presented. The patient was treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis; the catheters were introduced in the thrombus of both legs via v. popliteae. The treatment led to almost complete thrombus resolution and no valvular incompetence at three months follow-up. In our opinion this treatment should be offered even in complex cases of acute proximal deep venous thrombosis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/19

Pelta, A.M.; Jorgensen, M.

2008-01-01

287

[Bilateral deep venous thrombosis and vena cava aplasia treated with local thrombolysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this case report the treatment of a young man with bilateral iliaco-femoral DVT and vena cava aplasia is presented. The patient was treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis; the catheters were introduced in the thrombus of both legs via v. popliteae. The treatment led to almost complete thrombus resolution and no valvular incompetence at three months follow-up. In our opinion this treatment should be offered even in complex cases of acute proximal deep venous thrombosis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/19

Pelta, A.M.; JØrgensen, Maja

2008-01-01

288

Extrinsic compression of superior vena cava: an analysis of 41 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A retrospective analysis was made of 41 patients with extrinsic compression of the superior vena cava who were treated at the University of Illinois Hospital, Mercy Hospital and Columbus Hospital between 1967 and 1977. Small cell carcinoma was the predominant histological variety. The mode of presentation (acute versus subacute) was found to be an important prognostic factor: 47% of patients with acute presentation responded to treatment compared to 79% of patients with subacute onset. Chemotherapy given concomitantly with radiotherapy did not produce better results than radiotherapy alone

289

Absent right superior caval vein (vena cava) with normal atrial arrangement.  

OpenAIRE

Eight cases of absent right superior caval vein (vena cava) with normal atrial arrangement from the Great Ormond Street database were reviewed. In each case the right subclavian vein and jugular vein drained into a persistent left superior caval vein through a bridging vein. In six cases the left superior caval vein drained into the right atrium by way of the coronary sinus, and in two cases it drained into the left atrium directly because of the complete unroofing of the coronary sinus. The ...

Choi, J. Y.; Anderson, R. H.; Macartney, F. J.

1987-01-01

290

Hybrid right-left cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator implantation in persistent left superior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Persistence of the left superior vena cava (PLSVC), observed in 0.3% of the general population as established by autopsy, is an anatomic variation particularly relevant when occurring in patients in need of a transvenous pacing. In this report, we describe a hybrid right-left cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator implantation approach in a patient with PLSVC. In our experience, the described approach proved feasible and safe, and may be considered an option in case of complex vein anatomy before referring for cardiac surgical implantation of a left ventricular lead. PMID:19112072

Anselmino, Matteo; Marocco, Maria Cristina; Amellone, Claudia; Massa, Riccardo

2009-04-01

291

Life-threatening Cerebral Edema Caused by Acute Occlusion of a Superior Vena Cava Stent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A71-year-old man with advanced lung cancer developed a life-threatening cerebral edema caused by the acute occlusion of a superior vena cava (SVC) stent and was successfully treated by an additional stent placement. Although stent occlusion is a common early complication, no life-threatening situations have been reported until now. Our experience highlights the fact that acute stent occlusion can potentially lead to the complete venous shutdown of the SVC, resulting in life-threatening cerebral edema, after SVC stent placement. Immediate diagnosis and countermeasures are required.

292

Fibrin cap disruption: an adjunctive technique for inferior vena cava filter retrieval.  

Science.gov (United States)

Various adjunctive techniques have been reported for challenging inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrievals (1-4). One particularly challenging obstacle to successful IVC filter retrieval is the formation of a radiolucent fibrin cap over the embedded apex of the IVC filter. This obstacle is a result of filter tilting that creates turbulent blood flow, which promotes fibrin cap formation. The aim of this brief report is to depict a novel technique for IVC filter retrieval: guide wire-manipulated disruption of the fibrin cap. PMID:22920982

Esparaz, Anthony M; Ryu, Robert K; Gupta, Ramona; Resnick, Scott A; Salem, Riad; Lewandowski, Robert J

2012-09-01

293

Successful Thrombolysis of Occluded Inferior Vena Cava Filter with IVC Syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thrombosis of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) following filter insertion can occur in up to 30% of the cases. The optimal management of such cases is unknown. We describe a simple and less expensive method of achieving successful recanalization of the IVC in a 40 year old hypertensive man who developed recurrent pulmonary embolism after his orthopedic treatment. An IVC filter was inserted, which developed extensive thrombosis of the whole IVC and venous system of the lower limbs. Catheter directed thrombolysis using a multiple side-hole multipurpose catheter and balloon angioplasty was carried out in order to "crush and lyse" the IVC thrombi. PMID:24250999

Srinivas, Bc; Pal Singh, Ajit

2012-01-01

294

Femoral vein patency after percutaneous Greenfield inferior vena cava filter placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Compared to jugular vein or cutdown approaches, percutaneous right femoral vein puncture affords straightforward venous access and minimal risk of air embolism for Greenfield inferior vena cava filter placement. Concern about possible femoral vein thrombosis after 24-French catheter dilation prompted the authors to examine right femoral vein patency after 12 consecutive filter placements. Doppler evaluation in 11 patients and venography in one showed normal flow characteristics 4-45 days (mean, 16) after the procedure. The authors' results indicate that the risk of femoral vein thrombosis after dilation to a size 24-French catheter is low

295

Successful Thrombolysis of Occluded Inferior Vena Cava Filter withIVC Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thrombosis of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC following filter insertion can occur in up to 30% of the cases. The optimal management of such cases is unknown. We describe a simple and less expensive method of achieving successful recanalization of the IVC in a 40 year old hypertensive man who developed recurrent pulmonary embolism after his orthopedic treatment. An IVC filter was inserted, which developed extensive thrombosis of the whole IVC and venous system of the lower limbs. Catheter directed thrombolysis using a multiple side-hole multipurpose catheter and balloon angioplasty was carried out in order to “crush and lyse” the IVC thrombi.

BC Srinivas

2012-10-01

296

Guide wire entrapment in a vena cava filter: techniques for dislodgement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Entrapment of a central venous catheter (CVC) guide wire in an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a rare, but reported complication during CVC placement. With the increasing use of IVC filters, this number will most likely continue to grow. The consequences of this complication can be serious, as continued traction upon the guide wire may result in filter dislodgement and migration, filter fracture, or injury to the IVC. In this article, we review the various preferred techniques reported in the literature for removal of the entrapped guide wire in particular situations, along with their indications, advantages, and disadvantages. We present simple useful recommendations to prevent this complication. PMID:23275482

Abdel-Aal, Ahmed K; Saddekni, Souheil; Hamed, Maysoon F

2013-02-01

297

Patient with a massive idiopathic thrombosis in the inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 50?year-old man with no significant medical history was admitted for dyspnea and left femoral swelling. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and a thrombus in the inferior vena cava (IVC). The thrombus extended from the proximal IVC to the left popliteal vein. Therefore, we decided that an IVC filter insertion was difficult to indicate. Urgent IVC and peripheral vein thrombectomy was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. On postoperative day 1, venous ultrasonography showed residual deep vein thrombosis in the left external iliac-femoral vein and the popliteal vein. The IVC filter insertion was performed to prevent the recurrence of PTE. PMID:23555494

Kusuyama, Takanori; Iida, Hidetaka; Takeshita, Hiroaki; Wake, Ryotaro; Shimodozono, Shinichi; Kanamitsu, Hitoshi; Mitsui, Hideya; Yamada, Yukio

2012-01-01

298

Endovascular treatment of late aortic perforation due to vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perforation of inferior vena cava (IVC) by filter struts ranges from 9% to 24%, and clinical sequelae and complications are unpredictable. The aim of this article was to report an unusual case of late complication of IVC filter that caused an IVC wall perforation and penetration of the filter's hooks in the aorta, which was treated by endovascular procedure. Molding strut tip by balloon angioplasty, its accommodation with a bare stent, and its coverage and protection with an endoprosthesis is probably the first technique reported so far in this situation. PMID:22717360

Yoshida, Ricardo de Alvarenga; Yoshida, Winston Bonetti; Kolvenbach, Ralf; Vieira, Paulo Roberto Bahdur

2012-08-01

299

Wall-embedded recovery inferior vena cava filters: imaging features and technique for removal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters may be removed when no longer needed or left in place as permanent filters. Removal of any of the currently available optionally retrieved IVC filters becomes more difficult when they are tilted. Tilting of an IVC filter can also lead the tip of the filter to become embedded into the wall of the IVC. This report describes a method for removal of the Recovery IVC filter with use of rigid bronchoscopy forceps when the tip of the filter is tilted and embedded in the IVC. PMID:16517787

Stavropoulos, S William; Solomon, Jeffrey A; Trerotola, Scott O

2006-02-01

300

The excimer laser sheath technique for embedded inferior vena cava filter removal.  

Science.gov (United States)

An inferior vena cava (IVC) filter became embedded within the IVC of a 45-year-old man after prolonged implantation. Because of incorporation of the filter legs within the caval endothelium, the filter was densely adherent and could not be sheathed using standard retrieval methods. In this patient, the authors performed percutaneous filter retrieval using an excimer laser sheath technique for circumferential ablation of dense fibrotic tissue between the filter and IVC. Endovascular laser ablation allowed facile separation of the filter from the IVC, without tearing of the tissues, and the filter was removed successfully without complication. PMID:21050774

Kuo, William T; Cupp, John S

2010-12-01

301

Cement embolus trapped in the inferior vena cava filter during percutaneous vertebroplasty  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 58-year-old female patient, diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the lung, underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty at the L4 vertebral body due to painful spinal metastases. Because of deep venous thrombosis of the left femoral and iliac veins, an inferior vena cava filter had been placed before vertebroplasty. Bone cement migrated into the venous bloodstream and then was being trapped within the previously placed filter. This case illustrates that caval filter could capture the bone cement and prevent it from migrating to the pulmonary circulation.

302

New approach of assessing hypovolemic shock class 1 during acute emergencies: Ultrasonographic inferior vena cava and abdominal aorta diameter ratio  

Science.gov (United States)

In a patient with hypovolemic shock class 1, the vital signs and biochemical properties are almost normal. The alteration of hemodynamic parameters and biochemical values occurs mainly in advanced hypovolemia state (neuroendocrine response). The availability of ultrasound machine at healthcare centers makes the measurement of vascular calibre feasible and possible. Inspiration and expiration inferior vena cava diameter changes predict hypovolemic shock class 1 but in acute emergencies this method is impractical. The purpose of this study is to develop a new approach in identifying hypovolemic shock at early phase by measuring the inferior vena cava and aorta diameter ratio using bedside ultrasound machine.

Ahmad, Rashidi; Kunji, Mohamad Iqhbal; Hj Abd Kareem, Meera Mohaideen; Halim, Shamimi A.

2013-09-01

303

Combined Anomaly of the Right Hepatic Lobe Agenesis and Absence of the Inferior Vena Cava: a Case Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The absence of the inferior vena cava is an uncommon congenital anomaly that has recently been identified as an important risk factor contributing to the development of deep venous thrombosis. Congenital agenesis of the right hepatic lobe is a rare anomaly which is found incidentally in radiologic examinations. We present a case of a congenital absence of the infrarenal inferior vena cava, combined with agenesis of the right hepatic lobe in a 62-year-old man presented with symptoms of deep venous thrombosis

Suh, Hee Jung; Kim, Wan Tae; Kim, Mi Young; Cho, Yun Ku [Seoul Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2008-07-15

304

Endovascular treatment of an iatrogenic superior vena cava perforation caused by the placement of a hemodialysis catheter: a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The perforation of superior vena cava during the placement of a tunneled hemodialysis catheter, via the subclavian vein, is a rare complication, and is manifested by hemothorax or hemopericardium. The treatment of this complication requires an early diagnosis and open thoracic surgery. Herein, we report a patient with hemothorax due to the perforation of the superior vena cava during the placement of a tunneled hemodialysis catheter via the right subclavian vein which was successfully treated by embolization by way of a coil and histoacryl

305

Endovascular treatment of an iatrogenic superior vena cava perforation caused by the placement of a hemodialysis catheter: a case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The perforation of superior vena cava during the placement of a tunneled hemodialysis catheter, via the subclavian vein, is a rare complication, and is manifested by hemothorax or hemopericardium. The treatment of this complication requires an early diagnosis and open thoracic surgery. Herein, we report a patient with hemothorax due to the perforation of the superior vena cava during the placement of a tunneled hemodialysis catheter via the right subclavian vein which was successfully treated by embolization by way of a coil and histoacryl.

Kim, See Hyung; Kim, Young Hwan; Keum, Dong Yoon [Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2008-01-15

306

Transapical closure of paraprosthetic mitral leak in a patient with inferior vena cava interruption and azygos continuation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Para-valvular leaks represent a relevant post-operative complication of cardiac valve replacement, often causing heart failure or severe hemolysis. We report a case of a 72 year-old woman with aortic and mitral mechanical prostheses who developed hemolytic anemia because of a para-prosthetic mitral leak. Chest tomography in such patient unexpectedly documented inferior vena cava interruption with azygos continuation into superior vena cava. Given the high surgical risk, the venous anomaly and the presence of the aortic valve prosthesis, transcatheter leak closure via antero-lateral mini-thoracotomy and transapical approach was performed. PMID:24048023

Mega, Simona; Patti, Giuseppe; Carminati, Mario; Sedati, Pietro; D'Ambrosio, Andrea; Di Sciascio, Germano

2015-01-01

307

[Bilateral renal vein thrombosis and acute renal failure due to inferior vena cava filter thrombosis. Report of one case].  

Science.gov (United States)

Bilateral renal vein thrombosis is an unusual etiology of acute renal failure and usually is associated with nephrotic syndrome. We report a 77-year-old man, consulting in the emergency room for anuria that appeared 24 hours after a syncope. The patient was carrier of an inferior vena cava filter prophylactically installed 17 months earlier and was not receiving anticoagulation. Serum creatinine on admission was 5.45 mg/dl and blood urea nitrogen was 54 mg/dl. Computed tomography and Doppler ultrasonography showed an extensive thrombosis of inferior vena cava and both renal veins. Heparin therapy was started with a rapid recovery of renal function and diuresis. PMID:25694294

Vega, Jorge; Díaz, Rienzi

2014-11-01

308

Long-term follow-up of patients with inferior vena cava filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the long-term safety, efficacy and complications of placement vena cava filter in prevention of pulmonary embolism. Methods: Seventy-three patients with proven diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and (or) pulmonary embolism (PE) by Doppler ultrasonography, DSA, CT or MRI, received percutaneous inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) from January 1994 to June 2005. The clinical data and imaging findings were evaluated retrospectively. The patients underwent telephone interview or questionnaire, abdominal X-rays, Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) or indirect CT venography (CTV) after a follow-up duration of 5 months to 11 years. Results: Seventy-eight vena cava filters were used. There was 1 case of incomplete filter opening when placing filter. In follow-up, thrombi were trapped in the filter in 2 cases, filter tilting happened in 1 case, and there were no filter migration, filter disruption, filter perforation. Five of 73 cases were lost in follow-up visit, 14 patients died after implantation (5 days to 41 months, average 14.5 months). Among the 54 living patients, the identified recurrent PE was not noted. Three cases of recurrent DVT, 1 case of inferior vena caval thrombosis and 1 case of thrombosed filters were seen in follow-up. Conclusion: Inferior vena cava filter is safe and effective for the long-term prevention pulmonary embolism, and the long-term major complications after filter placement are ncomplications after filter placement are not frequent. (authors)

309

Iatrogenic migration of VenaTech LP IVC filter to superior vena cava secondary to guidewire entrapment: case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are generally safe devices for preventing pulmonary embolus, with fewer complications compared to earlier techniques of caval interruption. Despite continuing improvement in filter designs and insertion methods, complications still occur. The IVC filter complications resulting from iatrogenic causes are rare and include but are not limited to misplacement, filter tilting, incomplete deployment, and filter migration. We recently experienced a problem in which the Vena Tech LP filter (B. Braun, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) migrated to the superior vena cava (SVC) immediately after successful deployment of the filter in the infrarenal venacava. The root cause analysis of this case revealed that the complication was related to blind pullout of the J-tipped guidewire following deployment of the filter in the IVC. This report highlights the potential risks of using a wire while an IVC filter is in place. PMID:23203598

Almestady, Rajaa; Spain, James; Bayona-Molano, Maria Del Pilar; Wang, Weiping

2013-01-01

310

Living donor liver transplantation with replacement of vena cava for Echinococcus alveolaris: A case report?  

Science.gov (United States)

INTRODUCTION There is no medical treatment for alveolar echinococceal disease (AED) of liver till now. Curative surgical resection is optimal treatment but in most advanced cases curative resection can’t be done. Liver transplantation is accepted treatment option for advanced AED. AED in some case invade surrounding tissue especially inferior vena cava (IVC). Advanced AED with invasion to IVC can be treated with deceased liver transplantation. Although living donor liver transplantation is very difficult to perform in patients with advanced AED with resected IVC, it come into consideration, since there is very few cadaveric liver. PRESENTATION OF CASE Here we present a case with advanced stage of AED of liver which cause portal hypertension and cholestasis. AED invaded surrounding tissue, right diaphragm, both lobes of liver and retrohepatic part of IVC. Invasion of IVC forced us to make resection of IVC and reconstruction with cryopreserved venous graft to reestablish blood flow. After that a living donor liver transplantation was done. DISCUSSION Curative surgery is the first-choice option in all operable patients with AED of liver. Advanced stage of AED like chronic jaundice, liver abscess, sepsis, repeated attacks of cholangitis, portal hypertension, and Budd-Chiari syndrome may be an indication for liver transplantation. In some advanced stage AED during transplantation replacement of retrohepatic part of IVC could be done with artificial vascular graft, cadaveric aortic and caval vein graft. CONCLUSION Although living donor liver transplantation with replacement of IVC is a very difficult operation, it should be considered in the management of advanced AED of liver with IVC invasion because of the rarity of deceased liver. PMID:24584043

Mamedov, Ruslan; Novruzov, Namig; Baskiran, Adil; Yetisir, Fahri; Unal, Bulent; Ayd?n, Cemalett?n; Bayramov, Nuru; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Yilmaz, Sezai

2014-01-01

311

Inferior vena cava filters in cancer patients: to filter or not to filter  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hikmat Abdel-Razeq1, Asem Mansour2, Yousef Ismael1, Hazem Abdulelah11Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Radiology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, JordanPurpose: Cancer and its treatment are recognized risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE; active cancer accounts for almost 20% of all newly diagnosed VTE. Inferior vena cava (IVC filters are utilized to provide mechanical thromboprophylaxis to prevent pulmonary embolism (PE or to avoid bleeding from systemic anticoagulation in high-risk situations. In this report, and utilizing a case study, we will address the appropriate utilization of such filters in cancer patients.Methods: The case of a 43-year-old female patient with rectal cancer, who developed deep vein thrombosis following a complicated medical course, will be presented. The patient was anticoagulated with a low molecular weight heparin, but a few months later and following an episode of bleeding, an IVC filter was planned. Using the PubMed database, articles published in English language addressing issues related to IVC filters in cancer patients were accessed and will be presented.Results: Many recent studies questioned the need to insert IVC filters in advanced-stage cancer patients, particularly those whose anticipated survival is short and prevention of PE may be of little clinical benefit and could be a poor utilization of resources.Conclusion: Systemic anticoagulation can be safely offered for the majority of cancer patients. When the risk of bleeding or pulmonary embolism is high, IVC filters can be utilized. However, placement of such filters should take into consideration the stage of disease and life expectancy of such patients.Keywords: anticoagulation, bleeding, chemotherapy

Hikmat Abdel-Razeq

2011-03-01

312

Pancreatic and multiorgan resection with inferior vena cava reconstruction for retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Inferior vena cava (IVC leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor of smooth muscle origin. It is often large by the time of diagnosis and may involve adjacent organs. A margin-free resection may be curative, but the resection must involve the tumor en bloc with the affected segment of vena cava and locally involved organs. IVC resection often requires vascular reconstruction, which can be done with prosthetic graft. Case presentation We describe a 39-year-old man with an IVC leiomyosarcoma that involved the adrenal gland, distal pancreas, and blood supply to the spleen and left kidney. Tumor excision involved en bloc resection of all involved organs with reimplantation of the right renal vein and reconstruction of the IVC with a polytetrafluoroethylene graft. The patient recovered without renal insufficiency, graft infection, or other complications. Follow-up abdominal imaging at 1 year showed a patent IVC graft and no locally recurrent tumor. Prosthetic graft provides a sufficient diameter and length for replacement conduit in extensive resection of IVC leiomyosarcoma. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first case of resection of an IVC sarcoma with prosthetic graft reconstruction in combination with pancreatic resection. Aggressive surgical resection including vascular reconstruction is warranted for select IVC tumors to achieve a potentially curative outcome.

Nakhleh Raouf E

2009-01-01

313

Pure Conventional Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy with Level II Vena Cava Tumor Thrombectomy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available The surgical management with laparoscopic technique for renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVTT) remains challenging and technically demanding in urological oncology. We present two patients with level II IVTT that were managed with pure conventional laparoscopic radical ne [...] phrectomy and thrombectomy. Two patients were diagnosed with a renal tumor with level II IVTT from December 2011 to January 2012. They both underwent pure conventional laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy. During these operations, intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasonography was used to detect the thrombus and ensure complete removal. Two patients were operated through retroperitoneal approach for right renal tumor and transperitoneal approach for left renal tumor respectively. The demographics, perioperative and follow-up data were recorded for the study. Both operations were successfully performed without conversion. They both had no radiographic evidence of recurrence during follow-up. It is concluded that it is feasible to manage renal cell carcinoma with level II IVTT through pure conventional laparoscopic approach in carefully selected patients, which might expand the indication for laparoscopic surgery. The pure laparoscopic approach in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma with level II vena cava tumor thrombus is challenging and requires advanced laparoscopic skills. Multicenter prospective randomized control trials are needed to prove the benefits of this approach.

Mingshuai, Wang; Hao, Ping; Yinong, Niu; Junhui, Zhang; Nianzeng, Xing.

2014-04-01

314

Modeling hemodynamics in an unoccluded and partially occluded inferior vena cava under rest and exercise conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pulmonary embolism is the third leading cause of death in hospitalized patients in the US. Vena cava filters are medical devices inserted into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and are designed to trap thrombi before they reach the lungs. Once trapped in a filter, however, thrombi disturb otherwise natural flow patterns, which may be clinically significant. The goal of this work is to use computational modeling to study the hemodynamics of an unoccluded and partially occluded IVC under rest and exercise conditions. A realistic, three-dimensional model of the IVC, iliac, and renal veins represents the vessel geometry and spherical clots represent thombi trapped by several conical filter designs. Inflow rates correspond to rest and exercise conditions, and a transitional turbulence model captures transitional flow features, if they are present. The flow equations are discretized and solved using a second-order finite-volume method. No significant regions of transitional flow are observed. Nonetheless, the volume of stagnant and recirculating flow increases with partial occlusion and exercise. For the partially occluded vessel, large wall shear stresses are observed on the IVC and on the model thrombus, especially under exercise conditions. These large wall shear stresses may have mixed clinical implications: thrombotic-like behavior may initiate on the vessel wall, which is undesirable; and thrombolysis may be accelerated, which is desirable. PMID:22354383

Ren, Zhuyin; Wang, Stephen L; Singer, Michael A

2012-03-01

315

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: Radical surgery and vascular reconstruction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Vascular leiomyosarcoma are rare tumors typically originating from the inferior vena cava (IVC. Due to nonspecific clinical signs most tumors are diagnosed at advanced stages. Complete surgical resection remains the only potential curative therapeutic option. Surgical strategy is particularly influenced by the level of the IVC affected. Due to the topographic relation to the renal veins level-II involvement of the IVC raises special surgical challenges with respect to the maintenance of venous outflow. Case presentation We herein report two cases of leiomyosarcoma of the IVC with successful en bloc resection and individualized caval reconstruction. One patient presented with a large intramural and intraluminal mass and received a complete circumferential resection. Reconstruction was performed by graft replacement of the caval segment affected. The other patient displayed a predominantly extraluminal tumor growth and underwent semicircumferential resection of the IVC including the confluence of the left renal vein. In this case vascular reconstruction was performed by cavoplasty and reinsertion of the left renal vein into the proximal portion of the IVC. Resection margins of both patients were tumor free and no clinical signs of venous insufficiency of the lower extremity occurred. Conclusion This paper presents two cases of successfully managed leiomyosarcomas of the vena cava and exemplifies two different options for vascular reconstruction in level II sarcomas and includes a thorough review of the literature.

Knoefel Wolfram T

2009-06-01

316

MRA of renal veins and inferior vena cava for staging of renal cell carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) comprises exclusion of tumour expansion into the renal veins and the inferior vena cava (IVC). In 44 patients with RCC these vessels were examined using MRA on the basis of 'time-of-flight' technique (coronal/axial 2D GE-flash-sequence, MIP-algorithm). The method was evaluated against contrast-enhanced CT and DSA in normal conditions and tumour-involved IVC (n=12) and renal veins (n=32) respectively. Following analysis of projection-angiograms (PA) and individual slices the results of MRA without contrast material included an information on vascular tumour extension that was identically safe as CT and DSA. In coronal slice orientation tumour extension into the vena cava was proven in 100%, and into the renal veins in 84%. Additional axial slices were necessary to demonstrate tumour extension into the renal veins in unclear cases. Single slices showed to be superior to PA for a correct identification of the size of the tumour thrombus. (orig.)

317

Mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser syndrome associated with severe inferior vena cava stenosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Precis. The postoperative course of a neovagina creation procedure in a young woman with Meyer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome was complicated, despite prophylaxis, by extensive pelvic deep venous thrombosis secondary to unsuspected severe inferior vena cava stenosis. Background. Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is characterized by congenital vaginal agenesis and an absent or rudimentary uterus in genotypical females. Malformations of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are not commonly associated with MRKH syndrome. We report a case of a patient with MRKH syndrome with severe IVC stenosis that was diagnosed when the patient presented with extensive pelvic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during the postoperative course of a neovagina creation. Case. A 19-year-old female underwent a McIndoe procedure. Despite DVT prophylaxis, extensive pelvic DVT of the femoral vein was diagnosed on postoperative day 7. Therapeutic anticoagulation was initiated, and pharmacological and mechanical thrombolysis were performed. During these procedures, a hypoplastic IVC was noted. Conclusion. MRKH syndrome can be associated with IVC malformations, which constitute an anatomical risk factor for postoperative DVT. PMID:25136466

Londra, Laura; Tobler, Kyle; Wu, John; Kolp, Lisa

2014-01-01

318

The Optional VenaTech™ Convertible™ Vena Cava Filter: Experimental Study in Sheep  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Retrieval of optional caval filters may be impaired by filter tilting, migration, fracture, or embedding in the IVC wall. The goal of this experimental study was to evaluate a new optional filter, convertible by unlocking and removing the filter head. Methods: Forty-nine Pre-Alp sheep (average weight, 55 kg) were anesthetized. IVC was catheterized via the right femoral vein (n = 46) or via the internal jugular vein (n = 3) with a 12.9-F sheath. VenaTech™ Convertible™ IVC filters were inserted as either permanent filters (n = 14) or as filters to be converted. Conversion was immediately after deployment (n = 19) or delayed after 1, 3, or 6 months (n = 20). Filter delivery, deployment, and conversion with measurement of migration and tilting were evaluated by cavography. Incorporation of the filter’s stabilizers and arms in the IVC wall was assessed by gross anatomy. Results: Delivery system insertion, filter release, and immediate conversion were successful in all cases. Delayed conversion was completed in all but one sheep, due to insufficient snare tension. Complimentary balloon-catheter inflation was required in 12 of 20 delayed conversions to achieve filter opening. In all 49 sheep, no thrombosis, migration, or significant tilting occurred. Within 4 weeks of conversion, the filter’s stabilizers and arms were incorporated into the IVC wall. Upon removal, the filter head was free of intimal growth. Conclusions: The VenaTechth. Conclusions: The VenaTech™ Convertible™ optional IVC filter was successfully implanted in all sheep with no migration or tilting. Conversion at various dates by filter head removal was feasible in all but one case.

319

Malformação de veia cava inferior e trombose venosa profunda: fator de risco de trombose venosa em jovens Inferior vena cava malformation and deep venous thrombosis: a risk factor of venous thrombosis in the young  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A ausência da veia cava inferior, alteração no processo de formação embriológica que ocorre entre a sexta e a oitava semanas de gestação, é uma rara anomalia congênita. Porém, recentemente foi confirmada como sendo um fator de risco importante para o desenvolvimento de trombose venosa profunda, especialmente em jovens. Apresentamos um caso de trombose em veias cava inferior, ilíacas, femorais e poplíteas num jovem de 16 anos com agenesia de um segmento de veia cava infra-renal e veia renal esquerda retroaórtica.Absence of inferior vena cava, caused by aberrant development within the sixth to eighth weeks of gestation, is a rare congenital anomaly. However, it has been recently confirmed as a major risk factor for the development of deep venous thrombosis, especially in young patients. We report a case of inferior vena cava, iliac, femoral and popliteal vein thrombosis in a 16-year-old patient with inferior vena cava agenesis and retroaortic left renal vein.

Renan Roque Onzi

2007-06-01

320

Implante intencional de filtros de veia cava em ambas as veias ilíacas comuns: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Intentional placement of vena cava filters in both iliac veins: case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os filtros de veia cava são utilizados para impedir a passagem de êmbolos dos membros inferiores para as artérias pulmonares e, normalmente, são colocadas imediatamente abaixo das veias renais. Em alguns casos, no entanto, existem dificuldades técnicas incomuns que devem ser superadas para tratar adequadamente alguns pacientes. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente em cujas veias ilíacas comuns foram implantados filtros de veia cava devido à baixa implantação das veias renais e da veia cava inferior curta.Vena cava filters are used to prevent the passage of emboli from the lower limbs to the pulmonary arteries and normally are placed immediately below the renal veins. In some cases however there are unusual technical difficulties that must be overcome to properly treat some patients. We report a case of a patient in whose common iliac veins vena cava filters were deployed, due to the lower implantation of renal veins and a short inferior vena cava.

Daniel Queiroz Neves

2010-12-01

321

The Need for Anticoagulation Following Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement: Systematic Review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. To perform a systemic review to determine the effect of anticoagulation on the rates of venous thromboembolism (pulmonary embolus, deep venous thrombosis, inferior vena cava (IVC) filter thrombosis) following placement of an IVC filter. Methods. A comprehensive computerized literature search was performed to identify relevant articles. Data were abstracted by two reviewers. Studies were included if it could be determined whether or not subjects received anticoagulation following filter placement, and if follow-up data were presented. A meta-analysis of patients from all included studies was performed. A total of 14 articles were included in the final analysis, but the data from only nine articles could be used in the meta-analysis; five studies were excluded because they did not present raw data which could be analyzed in the meta-analysis. A total of 1,369 subjects were included in the final meta-analysis. Results. The summary odds ratio for the effect of anticoagulation on venous thromboembolism rates following filter deployment was 0.639 (95% CI 0.351 to 1.159, p = 0.141). There was significant heterogeneity in the results from different studies [Q statistic of 15.95 (p = 0.043)]. Following the meta-analysis, there was a trend toward decreased venous thromboembolism rates in patients with post-filter anticoagulation (12.3% vs. 15.8%), but the result failed to reach statistical significance. Conclusion. Inferior vena cava filters can be placed in patients wa cava filters can be placed in patients who cannot receive concomitant anticoagulation without placing them at significantly higher risk of development of venous thromboembolism

322

Right renal vein elongation with the inferior vena cava for cadaveric kidney transplants: an old neglected surgical approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Short right renal vein is a frequent and well-known technical inconvenience that is commonly observed during transplantation of the right kidney. We present our experience with the elongation of short cadaveric right renal veins using the contiguous vena cava during cadaveric renal transplants. METHODS: We performed 34 kidney transplantations with a short right renal vein requiring elongation using the inferior vena cava, to make the venous anastomosis technically feasible. The elongated right renal vein was anastomosed end to side to the external iliac vein in 24 patients, to the common iliac vein in 8 patients and to the inferior vena cava in 2 patients. The right renal artery with an aortic patch was implanted end to side in 33 patients, and end to end without aortic patch to the internal iliac artery in one patient. RESULTS: In all cases, the vascular anastomoses were easily performed in the recipient and no thrombosis was observed. CONCLUSION: Elongation of a short right renal vein with the inferior vena cava is a feasible mean to overcome technical problems that may compromise the results of cadaveric renal transplantation.

Jose C. Baptista-Silva

2005-12-01

323

Right renal vein elongation with the inferior vena cava for cadaveric kidney transplants: an old neglected surgical approach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Short right renal vein is a frequent and well-known technical inconvenience that is commonly observed during transplantation of the right kidney. We present our experience with the elongation of short cadaveric right renal veins using the contiguous vena cava during cadaveric renal tra [...] nsplants. METHODS: We performed 34 kidney transplantations with a short right renal vein requiring elongation using the inferior vena cava, to make the venous anastomosis technically feasible. The elongated right renal vein was anastomosed end to side to the external iliac vein in 24 patients, to the common iliac vein in 8 patients and to the inferior vena cava in 2 patients. The right renal artery with an aortic patch was implanted end to side in 33 patients, and end to end without aortic patch to the internal iliac artery in one patient. RESULTS: In all cases, the vascular anastomoses were easily performed in the recipient and no thrombosis was observed. CONCLUSION: Elongation of a short right renal vein with the inferior vena cava is a feasible mean to overcome technical problems that may compromise the results of cadaveric renal transplantation.

Jose C., Baptista-Silva; Jose O., Medina-Pestana; Marcos J.M., Verissimo; Marcos J., Castro; Maris S., Demuner; Marcio F., Signorelli.

2005-12-01

324

Catheter-directed thrombolysis for double inferior vena cava with deep venous thrombosis: A case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Double inferior vena cava (DIVC) with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is rare, and there is only one reported case of DIVC with DVT treated by catheter-directed thrombolysis. We report a case of a 32-year-old man with an extensive venous clot involving the infrarenal segment of a double IVC who received filter implantation and catheter-directed thrombolysis. PMID:23761872

Wang, Xiaodong; Chen, Zhengxin; Cai, Qianrong

2013-05-17

325

Excessive venous bleeding in a patient with acetabular pelvic fracture secondary to inferior vena cava filter occlusion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters can be used to prevent pulmonary embolism in cases where anticoagulation is contraindicated. Filter obstruction remains one of the major complications after its insertion. This is the rare case demonstrating excessive venous bleeding during attempted open reduction internal fixation of an acetabular fracture secondary to subcomplete IVC filter thrombosis day 1 postinsertion of the device. PMID:23203175

Nahas, Sam; Yeoh, Clarence; Velayudham, Senthil

2012-01-01

326

Focal Enhanced Areas of the Liver on Computed Tomography in a Patient with Superior Vena Cava Obstruction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a patient with superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction in whom two areas of increased hepatic enhancement within the left lobe were seen on abdominal computed tomography (CT). The significance of this case is that abnormal enhancements of the liver on abdominal CT in the regions described should be suggestive of an SVC obstruction on this basis alone

327

Early and Late Retrieval of the ALN Removable Vena Cava Filter: Results from a Multicenter Study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Retrieval of removable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in selected patients is widely practiced. The purpose of this multicenter study was to evaluate the feasibility and results of percutaneous removal of the ALN removable filter in a large patient cohort. Between November 2003 and June 2006, 123 consecutive patients were referred for percutaneous extraction of the ALN filter at three centers. The ALN filter is a removable filter that can be implanted through a femoral/jugular vein approach and extracted by the jugular vein approach. Filter removal was attempted after an implantation period of 93 ± 15 days (range, 6-722 days) through the right internal jugular vein approach using the dedicated extraction kit after control inferior vena cavography. Following filter removal, vena cavograms were obtained in all patients. Successful extraction was achieved in all but one case. Among these successful retrievals, additional manipulation using a femoral approach was needed when the apex of the filter was close to the IVC wall in two patients. No immediate IVC complications were observed according to the postimplantation cavography. Neither technical nor clinical differences between early and late filter retrieval were noticed. Our data confirm the safety of ALN filter retrieval up to 722 days after implantation. In infrequent cases, additional endovenous filter manipulation is needed to facilitate extraction.

328

Use of noncontrast computed tomography of the inferior vena cava for real-time imaging guidance for the placement of inferior vena cava filters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Appropriate placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter necessitates imaging of the renal veins because when an IVC filter is deployed its tip should be at or below the inferior aspect of the inferiormost renal vein. Traditionally, imaging during placement of IVC filters has been with conventional cavography and fluoroscopy. Recently, intravascular ultrasound has been used for the same purpose but with additional expense. Morbidly obese patients often exceed the weight limit of fluoroscopy tables. In addition, short obese patients are at risk of falling from narrow fluoroscopy tables. For such patients, computed tomography (CT) guidance is a viable alternative to conventional fluoroscopic guidance. IVC placement was performed in the CT suite for two obese patients who exceeded the weight limits of the available fluoroscopy tables. In one case, a Vena-Tech filter (Braun Medical, Melsungen, Germany) was placed using CT fluoroscopy. In the second case, a Recovery (Bard, Murray Hill, NJ) filter was placed using intermittent limited z-axis scanning. In the first case, the filter was placed below the level of the renal veins and above the confluence of the iliac veins, which is acceptable placement. In the second case, with refinement of technique, the filter tip was placed less than 1 cm below the inferiormost renal vein, which is considered optimal placement. CT of the IVC precisely images the renal veins and can characterize their number and their confluence with the IVC. CT guidance is a viable alternative to fluoroscopic guidance for the placement of IVC filters in morbidly obese patients. PMID:25780332

Winkler, Michael A; Majmudar, Palak M; Landwehr, Kevin P; Hobbs, Stephen B; Saha, Sibu P

2015-03-01

329

[Fat embolism. A new therapeutic approach to ligation of the inferior vena cava].  

Science.gov (United States)

An analys is made of the frequency of fat-embolism in patients with battle wounds and in those who suffer traumatisms in every day life; it was found in a high percentage in both groups. It is noted that when tye symptom appear little after the traumatism, the percentage of death is higher (85%) than when they appear within 24 to 72 hours later (10-20%). During 5 year, in the Hospital Central Militar de Mexico 12 cases of fat-embolism have been diagnosed. The first ten were handled by the classic method: ventilatory assistance, corticoids, heparin, etc.; having 30% of deaths. The two last ones were treated by ligation of the inferior vena cava; none of the two died and there was a remarkable change in the course of the clinical manifestations. Based on the experience of the group, in more than 120 cases with ligation of the inferior vena cava due to pulmonary thromboembolism; there was a symptomatic paralelism found between the fat-embolia and the repeated venous embolism; and in our opinion we conclude that the progressiveness of the respiratory insufficiency is due to repeated fat-emboly more so than to the convertion of neutral fat into fatty acids through the action of lipasa in various tissues. With this hypothesis the inferior vena cava was ligated in two patients, and the results obtained were the ones mentioned before. It is emphasized that the procedure has a very low risk of death and there are minimum sequels, more in relationship to the previous flebitic state, than to the ligation itself. It is indicated that the corticosteroids, heparin, ventilatory and cardiac assistance be continued, besides elastic bandage, elevation of the pelvic limbs, exercises, etc. It is accepted that two cases cannot be enough to fully demonstrate how good the method is, but the changes of progress of these two cases after the ligation were so notable, that we are able to recommend this method in all those patients with an important fat-embolism. It is indicated that in the laboratory of Experimental Surgery of the H.C.M. experiments are being made to demonstrate what has been obtained clinically. PMID:1156007

Woolrich, F S; Hernández, C T; Chiñas, A V; Fajardo, L M; Rojas, O S; Alonso, A F; de la Peña Sandoval, J

1975-01-01

330

Superior vena cava syndrome: A rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy laser lithotripsy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: To describe a case of acute superior vena cava syndrome during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL, and to review the associated clinical features, management and complications. Clinical features: A 34-year-old man, diagnosed as right renal calculi and nodal tachycardia, was admitted to receive percutaneous nephroscope laser lithotripsy. Shortly after stone disintegration, he suffered acute hypoxic and hypotension, and showed cyanoderma of face and chest skin, ocular proptosis, jugular filling and ventricular fibrillation. Dopamine and adrenaline was intravenously injected. The patient was turned over to supine position and external cardiac massage and electric defibrillation were carried out immediately. The patient finally cardioverted. His vital signs subsequently became stable and cyanoderma faded. The patient was eventually discharged from the intensive care unit three days following the event. Conclusion: Severe complications such as cardiac arrest could happen during PCNL. Close monitoring the vital signs is essential for early finding and quick response to rescue.

Qing Ji

2010-01-01

331

Superior vena cava injury after central venous catheterization: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nBackground: Central venous catheters are useful instruments in monitoring of critical patients and are important roots for total parentral nutrition. The catheters are widely used in general wards and intensive care units. Their use may be associated with serious and rare complications. "n"nCase presentation: We reported a 24 years old woman that admitted to Ghaem hospital Mashhad University of Medical Science, in Mashhad, Iran, because of penetrating chest wall injury and surgical exploration indicated due to massive hemorrhage. Central vein (right jugular vein was canulated for resuscitation and monitoring. Superior vena cava was injured after canulation and presented with delay massive mediastinal hematoma. "n"nConclusion: We aim to introduce this rare complication and its management. This management could be conservative or surgical intervention according to severity of the vein damage.

Bagheri R

2010-08-01

332

Superior vena cava syndrome after pulsatile bidirectional Glenn shunt procedure: Perioperative implications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bidirectional superior cavopulmonary shunt (bidirectional Glenn shunt is generally performed in many congenital cardiac anomalies where complete two ventricle circulations cannot be easily achieved. The advantages of BDG shunt are achieved by partially separating the pulmonary and systemic venous circuits, and include reduced ventricular preload and long-term preservation of myocardium. The benefits of additional pulsatile pulmonary blood flow include the potential growth of pulmonary arteries, possible improvement in arterial oxygen saturation, and possible prevention of development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. However, increase in the systemic venous pressure after BDG with additional pulsatile blood flow is known. We describe the peri-operative implications of severe flow reversal in the superior vena cava after pulsatile BDG shunt construction in a child who presented for surgical interruption of the main pulmonary artery.

Neema Praveen

2009-01-01

333

Inferior vena cava thrombosis: a rare complication of fibrocalcific pancreatic diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

A 42-year-old man presented with a history of recurrent loose motions for the previous 7?months. The patient also had a history of diabetes mellitus for the last 10?years and was uncontrolled on oral hypoglycaemic agents but responded to insulin. There was no history of any addiction. Examination and investigations showed the presence of malabsorption along with a calcified pancreas. The presence of a thrombus was also noted in the inferior vena cava. In the absence of alcohol intake, a diagnosis of fibrocalcific pancreatic diabetes was made and the patient was investigated for other hypercoagulable states but none was found. The patient was put on oral anticoagulants, insulin and pancreatic enzyme supplements, and currently, he is under regular follow-up for diabetes. PMID:23608838

Mishra, R; BE, Yathish; D, Himanshu; Usman, K

2013-01-01

334

Significant caval penetration by the celect inferior vena cava filter: attributable to filter design?  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes transmural penetration of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by a newly introduced IVC filter within 9 days of its placement. A computed tomographic study demonstrated filter penetration with one of the primary struts lodging in the uncinate process of the pancreas. Because of the close resemblance of this new filter to another filter that has not been associated with penetration injuries, the key differences between the two designs were examined and the determination was made that the new filter, unlike the older one, has unprotected primary struts. Only filters with an unprotected primary strut design have been associated with penetration injuries such as the one described in this case. PMID:18003998

Sadaf, Arifa; Rasuli, Pasteur; Olivier, Andre; Hadziomerovic, Adnan; French, Gordon J; Aquino, Jose; O'Kelly, Kevin; Al-Mutairi, Badr

2007-11-01

335

Cine MR evaluation of the inferior vena cava in patients with Simon Nitinol filters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study evaluated the ability of cine MR imaging to detect thrombus in the inferior vena cava (IVC) of seven patients after percutaneous implantation of Simon-Nitinol filters. Cine MR imagine was performed at 0.6 T. Sixteen phases of the cardiac cycle were obtained in sagittal or coronal projection with echo time equal to 15 msec, repetition time equal to 40 msec, and flip angle of 400. The section thickness was 7.5 mm. Blood flow in the IVC had high signal intensity that varied with the cardiac cycle. Thrombus had a range of signal intensities, but there was no variation of signal intensity during the cardiac cycle. The Simon-Nitinol filter caused no detectable image degradation. Cine MR imaging had the ability to detect thrombosis of the IVC below the filter and thrombus above the filter, and localize the position of the filter

336

Patency of the inferior vena cava after placement of Simon nitinol filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reports on Simon nitinol filters (SNFs) placed in 33 patients (11 male, 22 female; mean age, 67 years; range, 38-88 years) since February 1988. MR imaging and US were performed in 18 of these patients to evaluate patency of the inferior vena cava (IVC) 2-9 months after SNF placement. Six patients were imaged twice with MR and US, for a total of 24 studies. Duplex Doppler US was used. For MR imaging, spin-echo sequences were used for six examinations in five patients, and fast low-angle shot sequences in the remaining 18. The results were as follows for MR imaging versus US: adequate visualization of the IVC, 23 versus 10 studies; partial visualization, one versus five; nonvisualization, zero versus nine; normal IVC, 16 versus 10; occlusions of IVC, five (three patients) versus zero; partial occlusion, two (asymptomatic patients) versus zero; and nondiagnostic findings, one versus 14

337

Segmental variants of the inferior vena cava - typical findings correlated with embryological development for differential diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The vast variability of the overall rare congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are mostly detected by accident through different imaging modalities. These cannot be classed as pathological findings, and should not be confused with lymphomas and has to differ from secondary collateral venous pathways. Based on 656 CT examinations 10.5% known forms of IVC anomalies were found. According to the embryological development three main groups of IVC variants could be nosologically classified: agenesis of the suprarenal IVC, anomalies of the pars renalis and anomalies of the infrarenal IVC. Additionally three unusual anomaly complexes were found. For the understanding details of the embryology based on a simplified depiction are presented. (orig.)

338

Inferior vena cava filters for primary prophylaxis: when are they indicated?  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past several years there has been a rapid increase in the number of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters placed for primary thromboprophylaxis. Increased use has occurred in settings where other methods of thromboprophylaxis are viewed to be inadequate, technically challenging, or that place patients at an unacceptably high bleeding risk. These clinical services include trauma, bariatric surgery, neurosurgery, cancer, intensive care unit populations, and patients with a relative contraindication to anticoagulation. We review the studies to date addressing filter placement for these indications. Although preliminary data are promising, the patient populations most likely to benefit from prophylactic IVC filter placement have not been well defined, and randomized studies demonstrating efficacy have not been conducted. Moving forward, it will be critical to accomplish these two tasks if IVC filters are to continue to have a role in primary thromboprophylaxis. PMID:23450194

Wehrenberg-Klee, Eric; Stavropoulos, S William

2012-03-01

339

Inferior vena cava filters in the United States: less is more.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the widespread use of Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters, there is no quality evidence to demonstrate their efficacy for routine use, nor there is a consensus on their appropriate indications among major medical societies. The introduction of retrievable filters led to further increase in the utilization of these devices. However, several studies have shown that retrievable filters are rarely retrieved. The implant rates of IVC filters are many folds higher in the United States than in Europe, yet the retrieval rates are much lower. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recently issued a safety alert advocating for consideration of filter retrieval when the protection offered by the filter is no longer needed. The controversies surrounding IVC filter placement and retrieval, however, will likely to continue in the absence of good evidence on their efficacy and side effects. Time has come for initiatives to conduct well designed trials based on agreed-upon criteria to settle this debate. PMID:25131922

Alkhouli, Mohamad; Bashir, Riyaz

2014-12-20

340

Renal Failure Secondary to Thrombotic Complications of Suprarenal Inferior Vena Cava Filter in Cancer Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate renal function before and after suprarenal inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement.Methods: We describe, in a personal series of 13 consecutive cases (all of them stage IV cancer patients, one LGM filter, one Antheor filter, 11 Greenfield filters) in our institution, two cases of fatal renal vein thrombosis after placement of a suprarenal filter. Evaluation of renal function was based on serum urea (in mmol/L; normal 3.30-6.60), serum creatinine (in ?mol/L; normal <115.1), and calculation of serum creatinine clearance. Results and conclusion: This study suggests that in advanced-stage cancer patients who have a single functional kidney, renal functional insufficiency, or previous renal vein thrombosis, IVC filter placement above the renal veins may not be appropriate. Suprarenal filter placement should be performed only after analysis of predicted survival, after detailed discussions with the patient, and most importantly after renal function evaluation

341

Inferior vena cava filtration in the management of venous thromboembolism: filtering the data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. This is especially true for hospitalized patients. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the leading preventable cause of in-hospital mortality. The preferred method of both treatment and prophylaxis for VTE is anticoagulation. However, in a subset of patients, anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated or ineffective, and these patients often receive an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. The sole purpose of an IVC filter is prevention of clinically significant PE. IVC filter usage has increased every year, most recently due to the availability of retrievable devices and a relaxation of thresholds for placement. Much of this recent growth has occurred in the trauma patient population given the high potential for VTE and frequent contraindication to anticoagulation. Retrievable filters, which strive to offer the benefits of permanent filters without time-sensitive complications, come with a new set of challenges including methods for filter follow-up and retrieval. PMID:23997414

Molvar, Christopher

2012-09-01

342

Implante de un cardiodesfibrilador bicameral vía vena cava superior izquierda persistente  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La vena cava superior izquierda persistente (VCSIP es la anomalía congénita venosa deltórax más frecuente. Se encuentra en el 0,3% de la población general y en el 5-10% de lospacientes con cardiopatías congénitas. Generalmente evoluciona en forma asintomática yno genera trastornos hemodinámicos, pero su reconocimiento es importante, ya que puededificultar la introducción de catéteres para mediciones hemodinámicas, los implantes demarcapasos cardíacos (MCP y de cardiodesfibriladores automáticos implantables (CDAI,especialmente cuando se utiliza la vía cefálica o la subclavia izquierda.En el caso clínico que se presenta se efectuó el implante de un CDAI bicameral vía VCSIP,descubierta durante el procedimiento. Asimismo, se muestran las características de estavariedad anatómica mediante tomografía cardíaca computarizada de 64 cortes (TCC64.REV ARGENT CARDIOL 2009;77:224-226.

Daniel Bagattin

2009-01-01

343

Brachytherapy for the prevention of neointimal hyperplasia in the canine inferior vena cava after stent placement  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of brachytherapy for preventing neointimal hyperplasia in the inferior vena cava (IVC) after stent placement. Sixteen beagles underwent Z-stent placement in the IVC and the aorta. For 8 of 16 beagles, irradiation (15 Gy) was delivered endoluminally to the stented segments of each vessel immediately after stent placement using the {sup 192}Ir. All animals were sacrificed after 6 weeks for morphometric and histopathologic examination. Morphometrically, neointimal thickness in the IVC of the radiation group was significantly decreased compared with the control group as well as that in the aorta (p<0.05). Histopathologic findings showed the neointima in the IVC of the control group contained markedly organization of thrombus and neovascularization though that in the IVC of the radiation group consisted mainly of smooth muscle cells without organization of thrombus and neovascularization. From these data intravenous irradiation may prevent clinical restenosis after stent placement. (author)

Isota, Masayuki; Kaminou, Toshio; Sakai, Yukimasa; Nakamura, Kenji; Yamada, Ryusaku [Osaka City Univ. (Japan). Medical School

2002-06-01

344

Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma of the liver infiltrating the inferior vena cava  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF is a rare and distinct variant of fibrosarcoma, composed of epithelioid tumor cells arranged in strands, nests, cords, or sheets embedded within a sclerotic collagenous matrix. We report a 39-year-old man with SEF of the liver, which infiltrated the inferior vena cava (IVC. The SEF of the liver was successfully resected, and the infiltrated IVC was also removed together with the liver tumor. Histopathological examination of the tumor showed typical histopathology of SEF. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was positive for vimentin. Recurrence was noted 7 mo after surgery. After chemotherapy, the recurrent tumor was resected surgically, and histopathological examination showed similar findings to those of the primary tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first report of SEF of the liver with tumor invasion of the IVC.

Yoshito Tomimaru, Hiroaki Nagano, Shigeru Marubashi, Shogo Kobayashi, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Toru Kitagawa, Koji Umeshita, Nobuyuki Hashimoto, Hideki Yoshikawa, Kenichi Wakasa, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori

2009-09-01

345

CT of anomalies of the inferior vena cava and left renal vein  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Incidence of anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and left renal vein (LRV) was examined with post-contrast abdominal CT studies in the last five years and seven months retrospectively. Of the total 1100 cases, right retrocaval ureter was noted in two cases (0.2 %), left IVC was two (0.2 %) and bilateral IVC was twelve (1.1 %) about anomalies of the IVC. As to anomalies of the LRV, retroaortic LRV was four (0.4 %) and circumaortic LRV was six (0.5 %). These results did not always agree with those of previous reports on dissection cases. Particularly, incidence of anomalies of the LRV on CT was much lower than that on dissection. We speculated that racial difference was one of its causes. Clinical usefulness of CT for evaluation of anomalies of the IVC and LRV was stressed. (author)

346

Living related donor liver transplantation with atrio-caval anastomosis of inferior vena cava graft stored in deep-freeze for budd-Chiari syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

We have previously reported our experience in inferior vena cava resection and reconstruction techniques during liver transplantation for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Herein, we present on a case that demonstrates the importance of experience in complex vascular reconstruction techniques for living donor liver transplantation. A 15-year-old boy was scheduled for living donor liver transplantation for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Venous occlusion was extended up to the right atrial orifice of the supra-hepatic vena cava. Retro- and supra-hepatic segments of the vena cava was resected. Inferior vena cava graft stored in deep-freeze was available. Venous reconstruction was performed with end-to-end atrio-caval anastomosis. Surgical treatment was completed with the implantation of the right liver lobe donated by the patient's mother. Post-surgical course was uneventful. PMID:25737776

Yaylak, F; Ince, V; Barut, B; Unal, B; Kilic, M; Yilmaz, S

2015-01-01

347

Living Related Donor Liver Transplantation with Atrio-Caval Anastomosis of Inferior Vena Cava Graft Stored in Deep-Freeze for Budd-Chiari Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

We have previously reported our experience in inferior vena cava resection and reconstruction techniques during liver transplantation for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Herein, we present on a case that demonstrates the importance of experience in complex vascular reconstruction techniques for living donor liver transplantation. A 15-year-old boy was scheduled for living donor liver transplantation for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Venous occlusion was extended up to the right atrial orifice of the supra-hepatic vena cava. Retro- and supra-hepatic segments of the vena cava was resected. Inferior vena cava graft stored in deep-freeze was available. Venous reconstruction was performed with end-to-end atrio-caval anastomosis. Surgical treatment was completed with the implantation of the right liver lobe donated by the patient’s mother. Post-surgical course was uneventful. PMID:25737776

Yaylak, F.; Ince, V.; Barut, B.; Unal, B.; Kilic, M.; Yilmaz, S.

2015-01-01

348

Inferior vena cava filter placement for the prevention of pulmonary embolism and the complications related to the filter placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the effects of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement for the prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism and to discuss the management of complications related to the filter placement. Methods: Seventy patients with proved deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity underwent inferior vena cava filter placement.A total of 72 IVC filters were implanted,which included 20 Trap Ease filters, 31 Vena Tech filters, 13 retrievable OptEaseTM filters and 8 Tempo II filters. One filter was deployed above the orifice of renal vein and the remaining 71 were deployed below the orifice of renal vein. Results: All the patients were followed up for 8-72 months after the procedure. During the follow-up period no fatal pulmonary embolism occurred except that some complications related to the filter placement occurred in 6 cases. Conclusion: Inferior vena cava filter placement can effectively prevent the occurrence of pulmonary embolism. Of course, this treatment should be strictly applied according to the indications. (authors)

349

Endovascular Treatment of Malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Results and Predictive Factors of Clinical Efficacy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To demonstrate the effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT) with self-expandable bare stents for malignant superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) and to analyze predictive factors of EVT efficacy. Retrospective review of the 164 patients with malignant SVCS treated with EVT in our hospital from August 1992 to December 2007 and followed until February 2009. Endovascular treatment includes angioplasty before and after stent placement. We used self-expandable bare stents. We studied results of this treatment and looked for predictive factors of clinical efficacy, recurrence, and complications by statistical analysis. Endovascular treatment was clinically successful in 95% of cases, with an acceptable rate of early mortality (2.4%). Thrombosis of the superior vena cava was the only independent factor for EVT failure. The use of stents over 16 mm in diameter was a predictive factor for complications (P = 0.008). Twenty-one complications (12.8%) occurred during the follow-up period. Relapse occurred in 36 patients (21.9%), with effective restenting in 75% of cases. Recurrence of SVCS was significantly increased in cases of occlusion (P = 0.01), initial associated thrombosis (P = 0.006), or use of steel stents (P = 0.004). Long-term anticoagulant therapy did not influence the risk of recurrence or complications. In malignancy, EVT with self-expandable bare stents is an effective SVCS therapy. These results prompt us to propose treatment with stents earlier in the clinical cment with stents earlier in the clinical course of patients with SVCS and to avoid dilatation greater than 16 mm.

350

Congenital absence of inferior vena cava and thrombosis: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction A congenitally absent Inferior Vena Cava (IVC is a rare anomaly that is recognised to be associated with idiopathic Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT, particularly in the young. It may not be apparent until later in life. Retrospectively, as discussed in this case, there can be clues indicating the presence of such an anomaly from a young age. However, it is not clear whether early recognition of this condition would affect the prognosis and treatment. Case presentation A 54 year old gentleman was admitted with 3 weeks of abdominal pain and localised swelling over the right flank. Examination revealed palpable 'snake-like' tortuous, tender lumps on the abdominal wall. Past history revealed chronic non-healing venous leg ulcers, and varicose veins necessitating varicose vein ligation at a very young age. The ulcers eventually needed skin grafting. During this, current admission he was investigated and diagnosed with Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT. CT scan, performed to search for intra-abdominal cancer, revealed absence of the Inferior Vena Cava with extensive thrombosed collaterals of the superficial abdominal and azygous veins and a congenitally atrophic left kidney. Conclusion This is a case of one of the oldest patient described in the literature to be diagnosed with absence of the IVC. It is thought that IVC anomalies are under-diagnosed, and may be commoner than once believed. However there were vital clues in his previous medical history suspicious for an underlying venous anomaly. Idiopathic DVT in a relatively young person with a past history of chronic leg ulceration or varicose veins should be investigated for congenital anomalies of the IVC. This is best achieved by CT scan of the abdomen.

Iqbal Javaid

2008-02-01

351

Radiofrequency Ablation Of Typical Atrial Flutter Via Right Subclavian/jugular Vein Access In A Patient With Implanted Filter In The Inferior Vena Cava  

OpenAIRE

Radiofrequency ablation of Cavotricuspid Isthmus-dependent Atrial Flutter (CTI AFL), a usual and safe therapeutic procedure in interventional electrophysiology with a high success rate, aiming to induce permanent block of conduction over CTI, is normally performed via the femoral access, which allows practical access to the CTI through the inferior vena cava (IVC). In rare cases of obstruction of IVC, ablation of CTI can be performed only through the superior vena cava (SVC) access. We prese...

Jorg Kynast; Panagiotis Margos; Gert Richardt

2009-01-01

352

Right Double Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) with Preaortic Iliac Confluence - Case Report and Review of Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are uncommon and most of them remain asymptomatic. Though rare, anomalies of IVC can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications especially during aortoiliac surgery. Prior knowledge of these variations facilitates proper interpretation of radiological images and safe performance of interventional procedures and surgeries. During routine anatomical dissection of abdomen in a female cadaver we observed the presence of right sided duplication of IVC. Both IVCs were present on the right side of abdominal aorta, one ventral and the other more dorsal in position and named ventral right IVC and dorsal right IVC. The ventrally and medially placed IVC, which appeared to be the main IVC was formed by the union of two common iliac veins in front of the right common iliac artery (Preaortic iliac confluence-"Marsupial Cava"). The right external iliac vein continued as the more dorsally and laterally placed dorsal right IVC. The right internal iliac vein after receiving a transverse anastomotic vein from the external iliac continued as the right common iliac vein. This transverse anastomosis was present behind the right common iliac artery. The narrower dorsal right IVC joined the wider ventral right IVC just below the level of renal veins to form a single IVC. The abdominal aorta presented a convexity to the left. PMID:24701503

Babu, C S Ramesh; Lalwani, Rekha; Kumar, Indra

2014-02-01

353

Accidental implantation of hemodialysis catheter in persistent left superior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The implantation of central catheters for hemodialysis in patients with renal failure is a common practice. The venous access to the internal jugular vein through percutaneous puncture is the most recommended procedure because it produces the lowest percentage of stenosis. The right internal jugular vein puncture is the most appropriate one because it goes directly in vertical direction into the right atrium, but in some cases its canalization is impossible making it necessary to puncture the left internal jugular vein, the one next to the innominated vein that ends in the superior cava, with the result that its path is much curved. 3 cases in which the left intern jugular catheter that was inserted to perform hemodialysis accidentally canalized the anomaly in the persistent left superior vena cava were presented. In all the cases and before proceeding with the hemodialysis it was demonstrated by the gases of the punctuated vessel, echocardiogram or contrast medium that the catheter was positioned in the venous system that drains in the right atrium.

354

Modeling Flow Past a TrapEase Inferior Vena Cava Filter  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics to evaluate the efficacy of the TrapEase inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. Hemodynamics of the unoccluded and partially occluded filter are examined, and the clinical implications are assessed. The IVC, which is the primary vein that drains the legs, is modeled as a straight pipe, and a geometrically accurate model of the filter is constructed using computer aided design. Blood is modeled as a homogeneous, incompressible, Newtonian fluid, and the method of overset grids is used to solve the Navier-Stokes equations. Results are corroborated with in-vitro studies. Flow around the unoccluded filter demonstrates minimal disruption, but spherical clots in the downstream trapping position lead to regions of stagnant and recirculating flow that may promote further clotting. The volume of stagnant flow and the peak wall shear stress increase with clot volume. For clots trapped in the upstream trapping position, flow is disrupted along the cava wall downstream of the clot and within the filter. The shape and location of trapped clots also effect the peak wall shear stress and may impact the efficacy of the filter.

Singer, Michael; Henshaw, William; Wang, Stephen

2008-11-01

355

[Resection and reconstruction of the inferior vena cava for major hepatic resection].  

Science.gov (United States)

The inferior vena cava (IVC) is partially or segmentally resected in major hepatic resection for malignant hepatic tumors in case of possible direct invasion to the IVC wall or IVC tumor thrombosis. The reconstruction methods of the IVC are divided into three categories depending on the degree of IVC resection: simple suture; patch repair; and segmental replacement. In segmental replacement, a synthetic material such as a cylindrical expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts is widely utilized as a substitute. The total hepatic vascular exclusion technique is usually necessary in concomitant resection of the suprahepatic IVC. When a longer duration of hepatic vascular exclusion is required to resect and reconstruct the suprahepatic IVC and hepatic vein confluence, in situ hypothermic perfusion, the ante situm technique, or ex vivo bench surgery must be applied. When an ePTFE graft is replaced in the resected IVC, a Carrel patch of the IVC is used for the hepatic vein orifice to maintain anastomotic patency. Alternatively, the hepatic vein can be reanastomosed to an inferior vena caval segment transpositioned from the intact infrahepatic IVC portion by replacing the resected infrahepatic IVC with an ePTFE graft. PMID:11729647

Terajima, H; Yamaoka, Y

2001-11-01

356

Titanium greenfield inferior vena cava filter; effectiveness of percutaneous placement for prevention of pulmonary embolism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous placement of a Greenfield titanium filter in the inferior vena cava (IVC) for the prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Twelve patients with DVT underwent percutaneous Greenfield titanium filter placement. The indications included recurrent pulmonary embolism or failed anticoagulation therapy in six patients, extensive PE in three, and prophylaxis for high risk of PE in the remaining three. In all cases the filter was positioned after confirming the anatomy, patency, and presence of thrombosis of the IVC and renal veins by inferior vena cavography. Long-term follow-up study involved clinical evaluation, plain radiography, Doppler ultrasonography and CT scanning. Filter placement [infrarenal in ten patients (83%) and suprarenal in two (17%)] was technically successful in all cases (100%). The venous approach involved the right femoral vein in eight patients (67%) and the right internal jugular vein in four (33%). Complications included overlapping of the filter legs in three patients (25%), and misplacement in one (8%). After filter placement, no further PE developed. In all of five patients followed up for two years, the IVC maintained patency without evidence of caval perforation or occlusion. In patients with DVT, percutaneous placement of a Greenfield titanium filter is a safe and effective method for the prevention of PE

357

Titanium greenfield inferior vena cava filter; effectiveness of percutaneous placement for prevention of pulmonary embolism  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous placement of a Greenfield titanium filter in the inferior vena cava (IVC) for the prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Twelve patients with DVT underwent percutaneous Greenfield titanium filter placement. The indications included recurrent pulmonary embolism or failed anticoagulation therapy in six patients, extensive PE in three, and prophylaxis for high risk of PE in the remaining three. In all cases the filter was positioned after confirming the anatomy, patency, and presence of thrombosis of the IVC and renal veins by inferior vena cavography. Long-term follow-up study involved clinical evaluation, plain radiography, Doppler ultrasonography and CT scanning. Filter placement [infrarenal in ten patients (83%) and suprarenal in two (17%)] was technically successful in all cases (100%). The venous approach involved the right femoral vein in eight patients (67%) and the right internal jugular vein in four (33%). Complications included overlapping of the filter legs in three patients (25%), and misplacement in one (8%). After filter placement, no further PE developed. In all of five patients followed up for two years, the IVC maintained patency without evidence of caval perforation or occlusion. In patients with DVT, percutaneous placement of a Greenfield titanium filter is a safe and effective method for the prevention of PE.

Jeong, Bong Gak; Hahn, Seong Tai; Jung, Jung Im; Lee, Sang Hoon; Koh, Ki Young; Park, Seog Hee; Shinn, Kyung Sub [The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2000-11-01

358

Computational Modeling of Blood Flow in the TrapEase Inferior Vena Cava Filter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the flow hemodynamics of the TrapEase vena cava filter using three dimensional computational fluid dynamics, including simulated thrombi of multiple shapes, sizes, and trapping positions. The study was performed to identify potential areas of recirculation and stagnation and areas in which trapped thrombi may influence intrafilter thrombosis. Computer models of the TrapEase filter, thrombi (volumes ranging from 0.25mL to 2mL, 3 different shapes), and a 23mm diameter cava were constructed. The hemodynamics of steady-state flow at Reynolds number 600 was examined for the unoccluded and partially occluded filter. Axial velocity contours and wall shear stresses were computed. Flow in the unoccluded TrapEase filter experienced minimal disruption, except near the superior and inferior tips where low velocity flow was observed. For spherical thrombi in the superior trapping position, stagnant and recirculating flow was observed downstream of the thrombus; the volume of stagnant flow and the peak wall shear stress increased monotonically with thrombus volume. For inferiorly trapped spherical thrombi, marked disruption to the flow was observed along the cava wall ipsilateral to the thrombus and in the interior of the filter. Spherically shaped thrombus produced a lower peak wall shear stress than conically shaped thrombus and a larger peak stress than ellipsoidal thrombus. We have designed and constructed a computer model of the flow hemodynamics of the TrapEase IVC filter with varying shapes, sizes, and positions of thrombi. The computer model offers several advantages over in vitro techniques including: improved resolution, ease of evaluating different thrombus sizes and shapes, and easy adaptation for new filter designs and flow parameters. Results from the model also support a previously reported finding from photochromic experiments that suggest the inferior trapping position of the TrapEase IVC filter leads to an intra-filter region of recirculating/stagnant flow with very low shear stress that may be thrombogenic.

Singer, M A; Henshaw, W D; Wang, S L

2008-02-04

359

Contribution of splanchnic and musculocutaneous vascular compartments to the formation of blood flow volume in the vena cava posterior during catecholamine treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies by electromagnetic flowmetry in acute experiments on cats under conditions of the open thoracic cage and artificial ventilation of the lungs showed that 64% of venous return via the vena cava posterior was realized at the expense of the splanchnic and 36% due to the musculocutaneous vessels (abdominal basin of the caudal vein). Epinephrine (20 ?g/kg) increased the contribution of the splanchnic venous blood flow to the increase in the blood flow in the vena cava posterior and reduced the contribution of the musculocutaneous veins throughout the entire duration of systemic reactions: 84% of the blood flow increase in the vena cava posterior was due to the splanchnic and just 16% due to the musculocutaneous blood flow. Norepinephrine (10 ?g/kg) resulted in a phase-wise involvement of the studied compartments in blood flow increase in the vena cava posterior. During the initial period of systemic reactions (coinciding with the maximum systemic BP rise) the contribution of the musculocutaneous compartment was 13% higher, while later (by the time of the maximum elevation of venous blood flow in the studied compartments) the contribution of splanchnic veins predominated constituting 89% of venous blood flow in the vena cava posterior. These results indicate that venous blood flow increase in the splanchnic vessels largely determined the formation of changes in the vena cava posterior blood flow in response to catecholamines. PMID:22448347

Samoilenko, A V; Yurov, A Yu; Tkachenko, B I

2011-08-01

360

Iliac vein thrombosis: a case report of treatment with inferior vena cava filter, urokinase and vascular stent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thrombolytic therapy and placement of vascular metallic stent can be used for the treatment of iliac venous stenosis and thrombosis, but these treatments increase the risk of pulmonary thromboembolism. Inferior vena cava filter was developed for the prevention of recurrent pulmonary thromboembolism due to lower extremity deep vein thrombosis and has been regarded as relatively safe and effective treatment modality. We experienced good result of combined treatment of inferior vena filter, thrombolytic therapy and placement of right iliac venous metallic stent in a patient with severe stenosis and thrombosis at both common iliac veins

361

Venous collateralisation via vasa vasorum after neoplastic thrombosis of renal vein and inferior vena cava mediated by the ovarian vein from an occult uterine carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Renal vein and inf. vena caval occlusion by neoplasticthrombus mediated by the ovarian vein from an occult uterine carcinoma is an extraordinary diagnosis. The special angiographic feature consists in demonstrating the renal venous drainage via vasa vasorum of the renal vein and inf. vena cava. (orig.)

362

Radiation therapy for tumor thrombus in the portal vein or inferior vena cava in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) and inferior vena cava tumor thrombosis (IVCTT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are oncological emergent conditions. However, there have been no effective treatments for unresectable HCC with PVTT and/or IVCTT. Eleven HCC patients with IVCTT (n=5) and PVTT (n=6), who underwent radiation therapy (RT) for the thrombi as a palliative therapy, were reviewed. All of the patients had no indications for resection, local therapies and TACE. The total radiation dose was 39-60 Gy (median, 50 Gy). The response rate and time to progression of the thrombi, overall survival and the toxicity were analyzed. Of the 5 patients with IVCTT, the tumor thrombus completely disappeared in 1 patient, 2 patients had a partial response, and 2 patients had stable disease. Of the 6 patients with PVTT, 1 patient had a partial response, 2 patients had stable disease, and 2 patients had progressive disease. The response rate was 60% and 16.7% in IVCTT and PVTT patients respectively. The median survival was 401 days in IVCTT patients and 374 days in PVTT patients. A patient with IVCTT suffered from grade 2 pneumonitis, successfully treated with antibiotics. Radiotherapy (RT) can be a treatment of choice for IVCTT in unresectable HCC patients, but the effects were limited for PVTT. (author)

363

Prenatal development of the caudal vena cava in mammals: review of the different theories with special reference to the dog.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several items of the development of the caudal vena cava in domestic animals are still controversial. In particular, the origin of the lumbar segment of the caudal vena cava is equivocally described. According to different theories it originates from the right-sided supracardinal, caudal cardinal, sacrocardinal, lateral sympathetic or subcardinal veins. In this review, all five theories are compared with each other and discussed in the light of anatomical variations observed in eight dogs. Species-specific diversity, erratic observations because of technical artefacts, and biased interpretation of the original data are three major reasons for the dissimilarity between the five theories, but they cannot explain all differences. Further studies by using modern techniques such as microvascular corrosion casting and non-invasive three-dimensional microtomography are necessary to better understand the normal development and to explain the variations in domestic animal species. PMID:16288607

Cornillie, P; Simoens, P

2005-12-01

364

CT diagnosis of membranous obstruction of the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava (primary Budd-Chiari syndrome)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Five cases of primary Budd-Chiari syndrome were examined by CT. In all cases CT demonstrated enlargement of the caudate lobe of the liver, reticular low density in the liver parenchyma, splenomegaly and collateral channels via the ascending lumbar vien-the azygos system. In two cases patchy calcification was shown near the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. Reticular low density corresponded to fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver parenchyma pathologically. In one case shrinkage of collaterals was seen after angioplasty. Our result suggested that CT was very useful in the diagnosis, evaluation and follow-up of primary Budd-Chiari syndrome nevertheless membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava was not demonstrated birectly. (author)

365

Anomalías congénitas del sistema renal: agenesia renal izquierda asociada a variante arteriovenosa renal derecha y vena cava inferior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este trabajo describe la variante anatómica en un caso incidental de disección en la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Costa Rica, el cual presenta agenesia renal izquierda con variante arteriovenosa renal derecha que consta de cinco arterias renales y dos venas renales, asociado a la variante anatómica del origen de la vena cava inferior ya que es superior a la arteria mesentérica inferior.This work describes the anatomic variation from an incidental case of dissection founded at Costa Rica’s University School of Medicine, which presents left renal agenesia with a right arteriovenous variant which consists of five renal arteries and two renal veins, related to the anatomic variant from the inferior cava vein, this variation its superior to the inferior mesenteric arterie.

David Rodríguez Palomo

2009-09-01

366

Anomalías congénitas del sistema renal: agenesia renal izquierda asociada a variante arteriovenosa renal derecha y vena cava inferior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este trabajo describe la variante anatómica en un caso incidental de disección en la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Costa Rica, el cual presenta agenesia renal izquierda con variante arteriovenosa renal derecha que consta de cinco arterias renales y dos venas renales, asociado a la variant [...] e anatómica del origen de la vena cava inferior ya que es superior a la arteria mesentérica inferior. Abstract in english This work describes the anatomic variation from an incidental case of dissection founded at Costa Rica’s University School of Medicine, which presents left renal agenesia with a right arteriovenous variant which consists of five renal arteries and two renal veins, related to the anatomic variant fro [...] m the inferior cava vein, this variation its superior to the inferior mesenteric arterie.

David, Rodríguez Palomo; Patricia, Chacón Castro; John, Mora Chavarría.

2009-09-01

367

Relationship between the impact of blood flow, diaphragm movement and the pathogenesis of membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore the relationship between the impact of blood flow (the flow from right atrium and hepatic vein), diaphragm movement and the pathogenesis of membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava (MOVC). Methods: Twenty cadavers were involved, measuring widths of inferior vena cava (IVC)at the diaphragmatic hiatus and the thoracic cage; and taking the IVC segment between the diaphragmatic hiatus and hepatic vein for tissue examination of IVC intimal thickness and type I collagen accumulation as group A and comparing with those of IVC above level of renal vein in Group B. Results: IVC intimal thickness and type I collagen distribution area of Group A were greater than those of group B, showing statistically significant difference (P<0.05); and no correlation existed with those of group A, regarding the widths of diaphragmatic hiatus. Conclusion: The pathogenesis of MOVC involves the impact role of blood flow and diaphragm movement; and the latter would be the main key. (authors)

368

Bard Denali inferior vena cava filter fracture and embolization resulting in cardiac tamponade: a device failure analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 46-year-old woman underwent inferior vena cava filter placement before bariatric surgery and returned within 6 months for routine removal. She complained of a 1-week history of severe chest pain, and during retrieval, two fractured filter components were identified including one arm in the right ventricle. The filter body and one fragment were successfully retrieved, but the fragment in the right ventricle was refractory to percutaneous retrieval. During open-heart surgery, the fragment was found traversing through the ventricular wall resulting in cardiac tamponade. Electron microscopic fragment analysis revealed high-cycle metal fatigue indicating the filter design failed to withstand this patient's natural inferior vena cava biomechanical motions. PMID:25541449

Kuo, William T; Robertson, Scott W

2015-01-01

369

Ultrasound-accelerated, catheter-directed thrombolysis for inferior vena cava thrombosis after an orthotopic liver transplant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava thrombosis is a rare occurrence after an orthotopic liver transplant that is associated with a high rate of retransplant and mortality. There is no consensus regarding the optimal therapeutic strategy. Surgical management, including thrombectomy with revision of the cavocaval anastomosis, has been described. With the use of endovascular therapies, several minimally invasive approaches are available that are effective and avoid the high morbidity associated with reoperative surgery. We describe our successful experience using an approach after a liver transplant in which the inferior vena cava thrombosis in a patient presenting with acute renal failure, anorexia, weight loss, and fatigue using an ultrasound-accelerated, catheter-directed thrombolysis platform in conjunction with systemic anticoagulation. PMID:24918871

Latchana, Nicholas; Dowell, Joshua D; Al Taani, Jamal; Michaels, Anthony; Elkhammas, Elmadhi; Black, Sylvester M

2015-02-01

370

Pseudo interruption of the inferior vena cava complicating the device closure of patent ductus arteriosus: Case report and short review of venous system embryology  

OpenAIRE

A nineteen-month-old girl was taken up for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) device closure. A diagnostic catheter from the right femoral venous access entered the superior vena cava (SVC), through the azygos vein suggesting interruption of inferior vena caval with azygos continuity. Therefore, the PDA device was closed from the right jugular venous access. However, a postprocedure echocardiogram (echo) showed a patent inferior vena caval connection into the right atrium. An angiogram from femor...

Subramanian, Venkateshwaran; Mahadevan, Krishnamoorthy Kavassery; Sivasubramonian, Sivasankaran; Tharakan, Jaganmohan

2014-01-01

371

Endovascular stent-graft placement for the treatment of the aneurysm of the superior vena cava : a case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Venous aneurysm of the superior vena cava (SVC) is a rare congenital lesion and can be classified morphologically as either fusiform or saccular. Although there is a controversy with regard to the need for either conservative or surgical treatment, surgery is recommended for the saccular types as major complications of the aneurysm may occur. We report a case of saccular aneurysm of the SVC, treated by means of an endoluminal stent-graft. (author)

Kwon, Gyeong Ip; Jung, Gyoo Sik; Park, Sung Dal; Huh, Jin Do; Joh, Young Duk [Medical College of Kosin University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2000-01-01

372

Endovascular stent-graft placement for the treatment of the aneurysm of the superior vena cava : a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Venous aneurysm of the superior vena cava (SVC) is a rare congenital lesion and can be classified morphologically as either fusiform or saccular. Although there is a controversy with regard to the need for either conservative or surgical treatment, surgery is recommended for the saccular types as major complications of the aneurysm may occur. We report a case of saccular aneurysm of the SVC, treated by means of an endoluminal stent-graft. (author)

373

Efficacy and Safety of Five Injectable Anesthetic Regimens for Chronic Blood Collection from the Anterior Vena Cava of Guinea Pigs  

OpenAIRE

Despite several published methods of inducing surgical anesthesia in guinea pigs, viable methods of anesthesia for blood collection from the vena cava are inadequate. We compared 5 anesthesia regimens and their efficacy in inducing anesthesia for blood sampling in guinea pigs: ketamine–xylazine (30 and 2.5 mg/kg) administered subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intraperitoneally; pentobarbital (37 mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally; and medetomidine (0.5 mg/kg) administered intramuscular...

Dang, Vi; Bao, Saran; Ault, Alida; Murray, Catherine; Mcfarlane-mills, Joy; Chiedi, Carmelo; Dillon, Marlon; Todd, John-paul; Detolla, Louis; Rao, Srinivas

2008-01-01

374

Incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of the inferior vena cava and hepatic venous collateral continuation: A case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A 36-year-old asymptomatic female had a routine chest radiograph to exclude pulmonary tuberculosis, as part of an employee wellness programme. There was opacification of the right lower thorax. Computed tomography and venography demonstrated an incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC and hepatic venous collateral continuation. The association of a Bochdalek hernia with an anomaly of the IVC is rare, with only one case described in the literature.

Farzanah I. Ismail

2014-05-01

375

Blocking of the hepatic vein outflow by neointima covering a wallstent across a membranous stenosis of the inferior vena cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 31-year-old man presented with idiopathic membranous obstruction of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) and was treated by balloon dilation and placement of a Wallstent. The patient improved markedly. However, he developed obstruction of the hepatic vein outflow secondary to neointima formation over the stent that covered the hepatic vein ostia. The patient died of liver failure and septicemia. We believe that this is the first report of such a serious complication.

376

Blocking of the Hepatic Vein Outflow by Neointima Covering a Wallstent Across a Membranous Stenosis of the Inferior Vena Cava  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 31-year-old man presented with idiopathic membranous obstruction of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) and was treated by balloon dilation and placement of a Wallstent. The patient improved markedly. However, he developed obstruction of the hepatic vein outflow secondary to neointima formation over the stent that covered the hepatic vein ostia. The patient died of liver failure and septicemia. We believe that this is the first report of such a serious complication

377

Persistent left cranial vena cava draining into the left atrium associated with pulmonary stenosis in a French bulldog.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 5-month-old female French bulldog was evaluated for the presence of a heart murmur. Through clinical and echocardiographic evaluations, a severe Type A pulmonary stenosis was diagnosed. Angiography during right ventricular catheterization for valvuloplasty revealed drainage from a persistent left cranial vena cava (PLCVC) into the left atrium; this was confirmed later by contrast echocardiography. This report is the first to describe this anatomical variant of a PLCVC in a dog. PMID:24861244

Zani, Alessandro; Becchetti, Elisa; Leonardi, Paola; Sinatra, Alessandro

2014-06-01

378

Inferior vena cava thrombectomy in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia via inflow occlusion technique on beating heart  

OpenAIRE

Anticoagulation management of a patient complicated by heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is one of the challenging situations in open heart surgery. A 40-year old male receiving warfarin for anticoagulation was admitted to our clinic with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and a diagnosis of inferior caval thrombosis. He was scheduled for inferior vena cava thrombectomy via the inflow occlusion technique on the beating heart. Warfarin sodium was stopped three days prior to the opera...

Cingoz, Faruk; Tavlasoglu, Murat; Ali Sahin, Mehmet; Kurkluoglu, Mustafa

2012-01-01

379

Meandering Right Pulmonary Vein to the Left Atrium and Inferior Vena Cava: The First Case with Associated Anomalies  

OpenAIRE

We report a case of a healthy, asymptomatic 6-year-old boy in whom an anomalous right pulmonary vein was noted to drain into both the inferior vena cava and left atrium in association with findings consistent with scimitar syndrome. The anomalous pulmonary vein took a very circuitous route through the lungs before draining into the left atrium, a condition previously termed “meandering pulmonary vein.” To aid in the diagnosis, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonan...

Tortoriello, Tia A.; Vick, G. Wesley; Chung, Taylor; Bezold, Louis I.; Vincent, Julie A.

2002-01-01

380

Incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of the inferior vena cava and hepatic venous collateral continuation: A case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A 36-year-old asymptomatic female had a routine chest radiograph to exclude pulmonary tuberculosis, as part of an employee wellness programme. There was opacification of the right lower thorax. Computed tomography and venography demonstrated an incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of [...] the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic venous collateral continuation. The association of a Bochdalek hernia with an anomaly of the IVC is rare, with only one case described in the literature.

Farzanah I., Ismail; Rule, Human; Anith, Chacko; Parmanand, Naran; Samia, Ahmad; Siraj, Ellemdin.

2014-10-01

381

Persistent abdominal pain caused by an inferior vena cava filter protruding into the duodenum and the aortic wall.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement has increased dramatically over the past 2 decades. Symptomatic duodenal perforation by IVC filters with involvement of the aorta is a very rare, but challenging, complication. We report a case of persistent atypical right upper quadrant pain secondary to duodenal and aortic perforation by an IVC filter treated with cavotomy for filter removal, primary repair of the duodenum, and extraction of prongs from the aorta. PMID:22627053

Malgor, Rafael D; Hines, George L; Terrana, Lisa; Labropoulos, Nicos

2012-08-01

382

Limitations of using synthetic blood clots for measuring in vitro clot capture efficiency of inferior vena cava filters  

OpenAIRE

Ronald A Robinson, Luke H Herbertson, Srilekha Sarkar Das, Richard A Malinauskas, William F Pritchard, Laurence W GrossmanOffice of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, USAAbstract: The purpose of this study was first to evaluate the clot capture efficiency and capture location of six currently-marketed vena cava filters in a physiological venous flow loop, using synthetic polyacrylamide hydrogel ...

Ra, Robinson; Lh, Herbertson; Sarkar Das S; Ra, Malinauskas; Wf, Pritchard; Lw, Grossman

2013-01-01

383

Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava and Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return in an Old Asymptomatic Female Patient  

OpenAIRE

Persistent left superior vena cava is a rare congenital venous anomaly. It results from failure of closure of the left anterior cardinal vein during cardiac development. It is usually asymptomatic but can be associated with other congenital cardiac defects including atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, endocardial cushion defects, tetralogy of Fallot and rhythm disturbances. PLSVC should be considered in the presence of a dilated coronary sinus on transthoracic echocardiography....

Tayfun Sahin; Teoman Kilic; Umut Celikyurt; Ulas Bildirici; Dilek Ural

2009-01-01

384

Posterior Nutcracker Syndrome Associated with Interrupted Left Inferior Vena Cava with Azygos Continuation and Retroaortic Right Renal Vein  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Various anatomic anomalies have been considered the causes of nutcracker syndrome (NCS). Posterior NCS refers to the condition, in which vascular narrowing was secondary to the compression of the retroaortic left renal vein while it is crossing between the aorta and the vertebral column. Here, we report an unusual case of posterior NCS associated with a complicated malformation of the interrupted left inferior vena cava with azygos continuation and retroaortic right renal vein, diagnosed by both color Doppler ultrasonography and CT angiography.

Luo, Xiao Li; Zhou, Xiao Dong [Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Shaanxi (China); Qian, Gen Nian; Xiao, Hui; Zhao, Chun Lei [Fuzhou General Hospital, Fujian (China)

2012-06-15

385

Posterior Nutcracker Syndrome Associated with Interrupted Left Inferior Vena Cava with Azygos Continuation and Retroaortic Right Renal Vein  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Various anatomic anomalies have been considered the causes of nutcracker syndrome (NCS). Posterior NCS refers to the condition, in which vascular narrowing was secondary to the compression of the retroaortic left renal vein while it is crossing between the aorta and the vertebral column. Here, we report an unusual case of posterior NCS associated with a complicated malformation of the interrupted left inferior vena cava with azygos continuation and retroaortic right renal vein, diagnosed by both color Doppler ultrasonography and CT angiography.

386

OptEase and TrapEase Vena Cava Filters: A Single-Center Experience in 258 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the OptEase and TrapEase (both from Cordis, Roden, Netherlands) vena cava filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE). Between May 2004 and December 2008, OptEase (permanent/retrievable; n = 228) or TrapEase (permanent; n = 30) vena cava filters were placed in 258 patients (160 female and 98 male; mean age 62 years [range 22 to 97]). Indications were as follows: prophylaxis for PE (n = 239), contraindication for anticoagulation in the presence of PE or DVT (n = 10), and development of PE or DVT despite anticoagulation (n = 9). Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for indications, clinical results, and procedure-related complications during placement and retrieval. Clinical PE did not develop in any of the patients. However, radiologic signs of segmental PE were seen in 6 of 66 patients with follow-up imaging data. Migration or fracture of the filter or cava perforation was not seen in any of the patients. Except for a single case of asymptomatic total cava thrombosis, no thrombotic occlusion was observed. One hundred forty-one patients were scheduled to undergo filter removal; however, 17 of them were not suitable for such based on venography evaluation. Removal was attempted in 124 patients and was successful in 115 of these (mean duration of retention 11 days [range 4 to 23]). Nine filters could not be removed. Permanent/retrievable vena cava filters are safe and effective devices for PE prophylaxis aand effective devices for PE prophylaxis and for the management of venous thromboembolism by providing the option to be left in place.

387

Bilateral Lower Limb Edema Caused by Compression of the Retrohepatic Inferior Vena Cava by a Giant Hepatic Hemangioma  

Science.gov (United States)

Hemangiomas are the most common benign primary tumors of the liver and their prevalence ranges from 0.4% to 20%. Approximately 85% of hemangiomas are clinically asymptomatic and are incidentally detected in imaging studies performed for other causes. In a very small minority of patients, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, distension, palpable mass, obstructive jaundice, bleeding, and signs and symptoms of Budd-Chiari syndrome may develop due to compression of bile duct, hepatic vein, portal vein, and adjacent organs. Occasionally, external compression of inferior vena cava may lead to edema and/or indirect symptoms such as deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs. In this report, we present a case of giant hepatic hemangioma that completely filled the right lobe of the liver. The patient presented with bilateral lower limb edema and pain. A computed tomography scan detected a 9 × 11 × 12 cm mass indicative of a hemangioma in the right lobe of the liver that compressed the inferior vena cava. The patient refused treatment initially but returned 6 months later presenting with the same symptoms. At that time, the mass had increased in size and a hepatectomy was performed, preserving the middle hepatic vein. By postoperative month 13, the swelling in the lower extremities had decreased significantly and the inferior vena cava appeared normal. PMID:23971776

Akbulut, Sami; Yilmaz, Mehmet; Kahraman, Aysegul; Yilmaz, Sezai

2013-01-01

388

Experimental evaluation of a new retrievable inferior vena cava filter for protection from acute pulmonary embolism in canine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the validity, safety and feasibility of a new retrieval inferior vena cava filter for the prevention of pulmonary embolism in an animal model. Methods: The model of deep iliofemoral venous thrombosis was established in 12 experimental dogs. In control group(6 experimental dogs), the deep venous thrombosis was made to fall off directly. In experimental group (6 experimental dogs), the deep venous thrombosis was made to fall off with an implanted filter in inferior vena cava. The filter's thrombus-trapping efficacy was evaluated by angiography of pulmonary artery, measurement of the mean pressure of pulmonary artery and arterial oxygen saturation before and after the deep venous thrombus falling off. Results: All filters implanted in the experimental dogs could successfully capture clot coming from deep venous thrombosis. There was no case of pulmonary embolism in experimental groups. On the other hand, pulmonary embolism occurred following the fall of deep venous thrombus in all dogs of control group. Conclusion: The retrievable inferior vena cava filter can effectively prevent from the pulmonary embolism due to falling off of the emboli from deep venous thrombosis. The process of implantation and retrieval is relatively simple and easy. (authors)

389

Quiste hidatídico hepático complicado con invasión a vena cava inferior y embolización de membranas hidatídicas a aurícula derecha: Caso clínico / Hepatic hydatid cyst invading inferior vena cava with embolic membranes to right atrium: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La hidatidosis es una zoonosis parasitaria, de mayor incidencia en el sur de Chile. Su localización más frecuente es hepática y pulmonar. Sus complicaciones derivan de su crecimiento y afección de estructuras adyacentes o de su ruptura a cavidades. Presentamos un caso de quiste hidatídico hepático c [...] omplicado, en una paciente que debutó con cuadro de dolor abdominal localizado en hipocondrio derecho producto de una lesión quística hepática con comunicación a vena cava inferior, siendo intervenida en su hospital de origen. Posteriormente AngioTAC y ecocardiografía transesofágica confirmaron masa intra auricular. Se realizó extracción de la masa bajo paro circulatorio con hipotermia profunda, correspondía a membranas hidatídicas y trombos adheridos a ella. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Abstract in english We report a 30 year old female admitted with a story of right upper quadrant pain and previous hepatic surgery for hydatid disease. A thoracoabdominal angio CAT sean and transesophageal echocardiogram revealed a mass located in the right atrium. The patient was operated and the right atrial mass was [...] excised. Pathological study of the surgical piece confirmed a hydatid cyst. Post operative recovery was uneventful.

JUAN C, BAHAMONDES S; PABLO, SANDOVAL M; HÉCTOR, LOSADA M; GUSTAVO, MERIÑO S; JUAN, SALMAN A; ABELARDO, SILVA V; JAVIER, MORA P.

2010-04-01

390

Infra-renal angles, entry into inferior vena cava and vertebral levels of renal veins.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current norms for renal vasculature hold true in only half the population. Standard textbooks perpetuate old misconceptions regarding renal venous anatomy. This study is aimed to determine left and right infra-renal angles (L-IRA, R-IRA); entry level of renal veins into the inferior vena cava (IVC), and height of IVC under renal vein influence; and their vertebral level. One hundred morphologically normal en-bloc renal specimens randomly selected from post-mortem examinations were dissected and resin casted. IRA were also measured from venograms of 32 adult and 11 foetal cadavers, as were vertebral entry levels. IRA measurements (degrees) were as follows: left, 55 degrees +/- 16 degrees (20 degrees -102 degrees ); right, 60 degrees +/- 17 degrees (10 degrees -93 degrees ). Left vein entered IVC higher than right 54%, lower 36%, and opposite each other 10%. Vertical distance between lower borders of veins was 1.0 +/- 0.9 cm. Vertical distance of IVC under renal vein influence was 2.3 +/- 1.0 cm. Vertebral level of veins in adults lies between TI2-L2. In foetuses, IRA was as follows: left, 65 degrees +/- 12 degrees (45 degrees -90 degrees ); right, 58 degrees +/- 7 degrees (40 degrees -70 degrees ); vertebral level between T12 and L3. Similar IRA values from literature noted on right, 51 degrees (26 degrees -100 degrees ); differences on left, 77 degrees (43 degrees -94 degrees ), clearly differing from Williams et al. (Gray's Anatomy, 37(th) ed, 1989) statement that renal veins "open into the inferior vena cava almost at right angles." Large variations of IRA are not surprising since kidneys are considered normally "floating viscera," varying position with posture and respiratory movement as well as in live vs. cadaveric subjects. The entry level into the IVC also differs from Williams et al. This study uniquely quantitated actual height difference between lower borders of left and right veins. The data presented appears to be the first documentation of vertebral level of entry of renal veins into IVC in foetuses. These findings are clinically important for the angiographer, catheter design, and planning porto-renal shunt procedures. PMID:10486518

Satyapal, K S

1999-10-01

391

Long-Term Safety and Effectiveness of the “OptEase” Vena Cava Filter  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To assess the long-term safety and effectiveness of the OptEase inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. Materials and Methods: In this Institutional Review Board-approved, retrospective study, we reviewed data of 71 patients who received an OptEase filter at our institution from 2002 to 2007. Thirty-nine (55%) patients had symptoms of venous thromboembolism before filter placement. The indications for filter included contraindication to anticoagulation in 31 (44%) patients, prophylaxis against pulmonary embolism (PE) in 29 (41%) patients, and failure of anticoagulation in 11 (15%) patients. Procedure-related complications, such as symptomatic post-filter PE, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), IVC occlusion, and incidental imaging-evident filter-related complications, were recorded. Safety was assessed by the occurrence of filter-related complications during placement and follow-up. Effectiveness was assessed by the occurrence of post-filter PE. Results: Sixty-five (92%) filters were placed under fluoroscopy, and 6 (8%) were placed using intravascular ultrasound guidance. Seventy (99%) filters were placed successfully. Seven (10%) filters were placed in the suprarenal cava. Retrieval was attempted in 14 (20%) patients, and 12 filters were successfully retrieved. Clinical follow-up was available for 20 ± 21 months. Symptoms of postfilter PE and DVT occurred in 15% (n = 11) and 10% (n = 7) patients, respectively. None of these patients had computed tomography (CT)-proven Pnts had computed tomography (CT)-proven PE, and only one had ultrasound-proven new DVT. One patient had symptomatic IVC occlusion. Follow-up abdominal CT in 20 patients showed thrombus in the filter in two of them. There were no instances of filter migration, filter tilt, or caval wall penetration. Conclusion: The OptEase filter appears to have an acceptable long-term safety profile. The filter was effective against PE.

392

Percutaneous placement of bird's nest inferior vena cava filter  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To describe clinical experiences of the use of Bird's Nest inferior vena cava(IVC) filter. Between August 1991 and August 1997, IVC filter was percutaneously inserted in 51 patients with pulmonary embolism(PE) and deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. Indications for the placement of this filter were contraindication to anticoagulation in 17 patients, prophylaxis of PE in 17, failed anticoagulation in 11, massive PE with residual floating thrombus in three and complications involving anticoagulation in 3. In order to delineate the location of renal vein and extension of deep vein thrombosis into the IVC, all patients under went inferior vena cavography before filter placement. Thirty filters were inserted through the right femoral vein, 19 through the right internal jugular vein and three through the left femoral vein. The patients involved were followed up for periods ranging from one week to six years (mean 10 months). A Bird's Nest IVC filter was placed in the infrarenal IVC in 44 patients and in the suprarenal IVC in 7. Certain complicatioins ensued. IVC penetration occurred in three patients(5.9%), and in seven(1.37%) the filter wire prolapsed. Except for transient pain, however, there were no serious IVC penetration-related complications and no evidence of recurrence of PE in the cases involving prolapse of the filter wire. During follow up, clinically suspected recurrent PE was noted in two patients(3.9%), but there was no evidence of newly developed occlusion of the IVC. In patients who under went follow up, Bird's Nest IVC filter effectively prevented the development and recurrence of PE, and there were no complications. To prevent of penetration of the IVC and prolapse of the filter, however, technical skill was needed.

Lee, Seung Hoon; Sung, Kyu Bo; Yoon, Hyun Ki [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-04-01

393

The bedside insertion of inferior vena cava filters using ultrasound guidance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the introduction of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters more than 30 years ago, there has been a steady improvement in the design, ease, and safety of the delivery systems. Today, all of the commonly used filters can be placed via a peripheral vein by using standard percutaneous Seldinger technique. However, this typically requires fluoroscopy, intravenous contrast agents, radiation exposure, and transport of the patient to the interventional or operating suite. In the multiply injured trauma or critically-ill intensive care unit patient, often requiring inotropic and ventilator support, transport to these facilities can be hazardous. In addition, these patients frequently have a combination of neurospinal and long bone injuries, which require skeletal immobilization, thus further complicating transportation. Advancing technology with portable duplex ultrasound and improved deep abdominal duplex imaging has allowed for routine diagnostic evaluation of the IVC, renal veins, and surrounding visceral structures. This degree of accuracy has allowed numerous centers to gain experience with ultrasonic imaging of the IVC and insertion site after a filter has been placed. A logical progression has evolved to the point in which, today, duplex ultrasound can be used to guide the insertion of IVC filters. The following describes, in detail, a technique for the percutaneous placement of an IVC filter at the bedside using only duplex ultrasound guidance. The article also briefly compares and contrasts this technique with an alternate technique using intravascular ultrasound. Vena caval interruption can be safely performed under ultrasound guidance in a monitored, intensive care unit environment. In selected intensive care unit or multiply injured trauma patients, this will reduce the risk, complexity and cost of transport for these critically ill patients. Duplex-guided IVC filter placement also reduces procedural costs compared to an operating room or interventional suite, and eliminates intravenous contrast material exposure. PMID:17437987

Uppal, Baljeet; Flinn, William R; Benjamin, Marshall E

2007-03-01

394

Implante profilático e temporário de filtro de veia cava inferior no trauma / Prophylactic and temporary inferior vena cava filter implant in trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) é importante causa de óbito no trauma e esse, na maioria das vezes, contraindica a principal farmacoterapia na prevenção e no tratamento do TEP: a anticoagulação. Relatamos um caso de paciente politraumatizado, com risco elevado de embolia pulmonar, submetido ao impl [...] ante preventivo e temporário de filtro de veia cava inferior (FVC). Abstract in english Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of death in trauma and that, on most cases, the main contraindication for pharmacotherapy in the prevention and treatment of PE: the anticoagulation. We report a case of multiple trauma patient at high risk of pulmonary embolism, preventive and implant subjec [...] ted to temporary inferior vena cava filter (VCF).

Fábio Augusto Cypreste, Oliveira; Carlos Eduardo de Sousa, Amorelli; Fábio Lemos, Campedelli; Juliana Caetano, Barreto; Mariana Caetano, Barreto; Philippe Moreira da, Silva; Fernanda Lauar Sampaio, Meirelles.

2013-03-01

395

Filtro de veia cava: uma década de experiência em um centro de trauma nível I / Vena cava filters: a decade of experience in a level I trauma center  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os dados relativos à utilização de filtro de veia cava na Divisão de Trauma do Centro Médico da UCSD San Diego, CA/EUA. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo realizado na Divisão de Trauma visando avaliar a experiência acumulada e a conduta terapêutica nos doentes atendidos pela equipe da Div [...] isão de Trauma e submetidos à colocação de filtro de veia cava como método de prevenção ou tratamento do TEP no período de janeiro de 1999 a dezembro de 2008. RESULTADOS: O estudo compreendeu 512 doentes, destacando-se o sexo masculino (73%). Quanto à causa do traumatismo predominou o acidente automobilístico, seguido por lesões provocadas por quedas. A relação homem/mulher foi 3:1. A faixa etária mais atingida foi 21 a 40 anos, representando 36% dos doentes. O percentual de filtros de cava profiláticos foi de 82% contra 18% de filtros terapêuticos. O traumatismo craniano foi a principal causa para indicação de filtros profiláticos seguido dos traumas raquimedulares. O índice de TVP pós-filtro foi 11%. CONCLUSÃO: Na presença de contraindicação ao uso de anticoagulantes em doentes vítimas de trauma grave, os filtros de veia cava inferior demonstraram ser uma opção efetiva e segura. Entretanto, deve-se aplicar rigor ao julgamento clínico para todas as indicações, mesmo após o advento de filtros "recuperáveis". Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the data on the use of vena cava filter in the Division of Trauma, UCSD Medical Center - San Diego, CA / USA. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted at the Division of Trauma to evaluate the cumulated experience and the therapeutic approach in patients attended by the staf [...] f of the Division of Trauma and submitted to placement of a vena cava filter as a method of prevention or treatment of Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PTE) from January 1999 to December 2008. RESULTS: The study comprised 512 patients, mostly males (73%). As to the cause, automobile accident injuries predominated, followed by injuries caused by falls. The male / female ratio was 3:1. The most affected age group was the one between 21 to 40 years, representing 36% of patients. The percentage of prophylactic vena cava filters was 82%, whilst 18% had treatment purposes. Head trauma was the main cause for the indication of prophylactic filters followed by spinal cord trauma. The rate of pos-filter deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was 11%. CONCLUSION: In the presence of contraindications to the use of anticoagulants in patients who suffered severe trauma, the inferior vena cava filters have proven to be an effective and safe optio n. However, one should apply rigorous clinical judgment to all indications, even after the advent of retrievable filters.

Luiz Guilherme Cintra Vidal, Reys; Raul, Coimbra; Dale, Fortlage.

396

Experiência preliminar com novo filtro de veia cava: resultados de 15 implantes Preliminary experience with a new vena cava filter: results of 15 implantations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo apresenta resultados preliminares obtidos com um novo filtro permanente de veia cava, baseado no desenho de Greenfield, com três hastes prolongadas de um total de seis, para dar estabilidade central ao filtro na luz da veia cava. Neste artigo, relatamos sua avaliação clínica preliminar quanto à aplicabilidade, eficácia e segurança. De agosto de 2004 a dezembro de 2006, 15 filtros foram implantados em nove homens e seis mulheres, com idades variando de 38 a 79 anos (média de 57,8 anos. O acesso foi feito sempre por via transjugular. As indicações foram: trombose venosa proximal, com contra-indicação de anticoagulação em 12 pacientes; complicações hemorrágicas com anticoagulação em dois pacientes; e embolia pulmonar, apesar de anticoagulação adequada, em um paciente. Os filtros foram avaliados quanto à liberação, inclinação, mau posicionamento e perfuração de cava. No seguimento, avaliou-se trombose no local de acesso, tromboembolismo venoso recorrente, migração do filtro e trombose de cava pelo ultra-som. Nenhum paciente recebeu anticoagulantes no seguimento. O filtro foi liberado com sucesso em todos os casos sem mau posicionamento, inclinação, perfuração ou trombose de acesso. Os pacientes foram seguidos entre 3 e 23 meses (média de 11 meses. Nenhum paciente teve recorrência de tromboembolismo venoso. Não houve casos de trombose de veia cava ou migração do filtro. Óbito ocorreu em sete casos, todos relacionados com a moléstia de base. Os resultados preliminares indicam potencial eficácia e segurança do uso do novo filtro no período estudado.This study presents preliminary results obtained from a new permanent filter, based on Greenfield's filter design, with prolongations on three of six struts to stabilize it centrally in the vena caval lumen. The preliminary clinical evaluation of the filter with regard to feasibility, efficacy and safety is reported. From August 2004 to December 2006, 15 vena cava filters were deployed in nine men and six women, who ranged in age from 38 to 79 years (mean, 57.8 years. The approach used was always transjugular. Indications for filter placement were proximal deep venous thrombosis with a contraindication to anticoagulation in 12 patients; hemorrhagic complications with anticoagulation in two patients; and pulmonary embolism, despite adequate anticoagulation in one patient. New vena cava filters were evaluated for releasing, tilting, malpositioning and caval perforation. Follow-up included assessment of access site thrombosis and filter migration, recurrent venous thromboembolism, and caval thrombosis by duplex ultrasound. No patient received anticoagulants in the follow-up. In all patients the filter was successfully released, with no malpositioning, tilting, perforation or access thrombosis. The patients were followed for 3 to 23 months (mean = 11 months. No patient developed recurrent venous thromboembolism. No other patients developed inferior vena cava thrombosis or filter migration. Death occurred in seven patients, all related to baseline illness. This preliminary study suggests good feasibility and safety of the new filter up to the observation period.

Winston B. Yoshida

2008-09-01

397

Avaliação in vitro de um novo filtro de veia cava / In vitro evaluation of a new vena cava filter  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de um novo filtro de veia cava, de baixo perfil, na retenção de coágulos em modelo in vitro. MÉTODO: O filtro consiste em dois cones opostos pelo ápice. O cone distal é formado por oito hastes de aço inoxidável, que têm a função de retenção dos ê [...] mbolos. O cone proximal é constituído de quatro hastes, cuja função é ancorar e centralizar. Os filtros foram introduzidos e fixados no interior de um tubo de PVC transparente de 25, 30 e 35 mm de diâmetro interno, em posição vertical, e conectados com um sistema pulsátil de fluxo (bomba peristáltica). Foi utilizado, para veículo, um reservatório com solução salina (0,9%) com 40% de glicerina, mantido em temperatura ambiente. Confeccionaram-se trombos com sangue bovino em tubos plásticos de 3, 4,5 e 6 mm de diâmetro e, posteriormente, foram segmentados nas medidas de 10, 15, 20 e 30 mm de comprimento, totalizando 12 diferentes tamanhos. Realizaram-se 100 liberações para cada tipo de êmbolo e tamanho das cânulas, totalizando 3.600 eventos. Foram feitos lançamentos seqüenciais com cinco êmbolos, sendo 10 para cada tamanho de êmbolo e cânulas, totalizando 360 eventos. Fez-se avaliação da capacidade de retenção dinâmica utilizando os três diferentes tamanhos de cânulas com 100 eventos cada, totalizando 300 eventos. RESULTADOS: Detectou-se que o diâmetro e comprimento dos êmbolos, assim como diâmetros da cânula, podem comprometer a eficácia do filtro. A média de captura de êmbolos pelos filtros foi de 80,5% nas cânulas de 35 mm, 88,7% para cânulas de 30 mm e 86,6% para cânulas de 25 mm. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que a eficácia desse filtro sofre interferência relacionada ao tamanho dos êmbolos e diâmetro da cânula. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new low-profile vena cava filter in the retention of emboli in an in vitro model. METHOD: The filter consists of two cones connected at the apexes. The distal cone is comprised of eight stainless steel arms with a purpos [...] e of retaining emboli and the proximal cone, made of four arms, acts as an anchor to centralize the filter. Filters were installed and fixed inside three systems using transparent PVC tubes of different sizes (internal diameters of 25, 30 and 35 mm) that were held in a vertical position and connected to a pulsating flow system (peristaltic pump). A reservoir of 0.9% saline solution with 40% glycerin at room temperature was used as the vehicle. Thrombi were made from bovine blood in 3-mm, 4-mm, 5-mm and 6-mm plastic tubes and later the thrombi were sectioned into 10-mm, 15-mm, 20-mm and 30-mm lengths. Each of the 12 sizes of thrombi was assessed 100 times in each of the three systems, with a total of 3,600 events. Five emboli were sequentially released, 10 for each size of embolus and tube, with a total of 360 events. An evaluation of the capacity of the three systems - 100 events each, total of 300 events - to dynamically retain the emboli was made. MRESULTS: The diameter and length of the emboli, as well as tubes greater than 35 mm in diameter can negatively affect the efficacy of the filter. The average of emboli capture for the filters was 80.5% in 35-mm tubes, 88.7% for 30-mm tubes and 86.6% for 25-mm tubes. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the efficacy of this filter is influenced by the size of the emboli and the diameter of the PVC tubes.

Domingo Marcolino, Braile; José Maria Pereira de, Godoy; Marco, Centola.

398

Avaliação in vitro de um novo filtro de veia cava In vitro evaluation of a new vena cava filter  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de um novo filtro de veia cava, de baixo perfil, na retenção de coágulos em modelo in vitro. MÉTODO: O filtro consiste em dois cones opostos pelo ápice. O cone distal é formado por oito hastes de aço inoxidável, que têm a função de retenção dos êmbolos. O cone proximal é constituído de quatro hastes, cuja função é ancorar e centralizar. Os filtros foram introduzidos e fixados no interior de um tubo de PVC transparente de 25, 30 e 35 mm de diâmetro interno, em posição vertical, e conectados com um sistema pulsátil de fluxo (bomba peristáltica. Foi utilizado, para veículo, um reservatório com solução salina (0,9% com 40% de glicerina, mantido em temperatura ambiente. Confeccionaram-se trombos com sangue bovino em tubos plásticos de 3, 4,5 e 6 mm de diâmetro e, posteriormente, foram segmentados nas medidas de 10, 15, 20 e 30 mm de comprimento, totalizando 12 diferentes tamanhos. Realizaram-se 100 liberações para cada tipo de êmbolo e tamanho das cânulas, totalizando 3.600 eventos. Foram feitos lançamentos seqüenciais com cinco êmbolos, sendo 10 para cada tamanho de êmbolo e cânulas, totalizando 360 eventos. Fez-se avaliação da capacidade de retenção dinâmica utilizando os três diferentes tamanhos de cânulas com 100 eventos cada, totalizando 300 eventos. RESULTADOS: Detectou-se que o diâmetro e comprimento dos êmbolos, assim como diâmetros da cânula, podem comprometer a eficácia do filtro. A média de captura de êmbolos pelos filtros foi de 80,5% nas cânulas de 35 mm, 88,7% para cânulas de 30 mm e 86,6% para cânulas de 25 mm. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que a eficácia desse filtro sofre interferência relacionada ao tamanho dos êmbolos e diâmetro da cânula.OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new low-profile vena cava filter in the retention of emboli in an in vitro model. METHOD: The filter consists of two cones connected at the apexes. The distal cone is comprised of eight stainless steel arms with a purpose of retaining emboli and the proximal cone, made of four arms, acts as an anchor to centralize the filter. Filters were installed and fixed inside three systems using transparent PVC tubes of different sizes (internal diameters of 25, 30 and 35 mm that were held in a vertical position and connected to a pulsating flow system (peristaltic pump. A reservoir of 0.9% saline solution with 40% glycerin at room temperature was used as the vehicle. Thrombi were made from bovine blood in 3-mm, 4-mm, 5-mm and 6-mm plastic tubes and later the thrombi were sectioned into 10-mm, 15-mm, 20-mm and 30-mm lengths. Each of the 12 sizes of thrombi was assessed 100 times in each of the three systems, with a total of 3,600 events. Five emboli were sequentially released, 10 for each size of embolus and tube, with a total of 360 events. An evaluation of the capacity of the three systems - 100 events each, total of 300 events - to dynamically retain the emboli was made. MRESULTS: The diameter and length of the emboli, as well as tubes greater than 35 mm in diameter can negatively affect the efficacy of the filter. The average of emboli capture for the filters was 80.5% in 35-mm tubes, 88.7% for 30-mm tubes and 86.6% for 25-mm tubes. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the efficacy of this filter is influenced by the size of the emboli and the diameter of the PVC tubes.

Domingo Marcolino Braile

2005-01-01

399

Bilateral massive pulmonary thromboembolism in a young patient treated with supportive measures and an inferior vena cava filter with excellent outcome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and often fatal disease with a mortality rate of more than 30% in untreated patients. There is a twofold increase in mortality in patients with massive PEs who do not receive treatment. Recurrent embolism is the most common cause of death. A 48-year-old woman presented to Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, on December 16, 2009, with a massive pulmonary thromboembolism. She was admitted to the intensive care unit and treated with supportive measures, ventilatory support, antibiotics and ionotropes. The patient was diagnosed with urosepsis with septicemic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, high anion gap metabolic acidosis, iron-deficiency anemia secondary to menorrhagia, and a uterine mass with high cancer antigen 125, although malignancy was ruled out. Anticoagulation or thrombolysis could not be provided in view of coagulopathy. The patient subsequently underwent inferior vena cava filter insertion on December 31, 2009. The patient showed clinical improvement over the next two weeks with antibiotics and supportive measures. If there is a contraindication to anticoagulation or thrombolysis, massive pulmonary thromboembolism should be treated aggressively with supportive measures. Inferior vena cava filter insertion should be instituted early to prevent recurrent PE, which can be fatal. It may take weeks before the patient displays clinical improvement. PMID:22477620

Sule, Ashish Anil; Chin, Tay J; Pandit, Nihar; Rajendran, Joseph

2010-01-01

400

Percutaneous Greenfield inferior vena cava filter placement: Experience in 50 cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although several alternatives exist for interruption of the inferior vena cava, the Greenfield filter is the only one currently approved for percutaneous intravascular use. The authors describe their experience in our first 50 consecutive placements with a follow-up of 4-28 months. After serial dilation procedures the filters were inserted, via a 24-French sheath, into the right femoral vein (n = 37), right internal jugular vein (n = 12), and left femoral vein (n = 1). Early and delayed CT and US examinations of the entry site in 20 patients revealed no postplacement thromboses. Only one complication occurred, secondary to severe scarring due to previous surgery at the entry site in a patient with impaired hemostasis. The authors therefore advocate percutaneous Greenfield filter placement as a safe and fast procedure, using the right femoral or internal jugular approach as dictated by the angiographer's experience, the presence of thrombus, and the ease of access to the vein in question. Caveats in patient selection and methods of introduction based on our experience are presented

401

A computational method for predicting inferior vena cava filter performance on a patient-specific basis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A computational methodology for simulating virtual inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement and IVC hemodynamics was developed and demonstrated in two patient-specific IVC geometries: a left-sided IVC and an IVC with a retroaortic left renal vein. An inverse analysis was performed to obtain the approximate in vivo stress state for each patient vein using nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA). Contact modeling was then used to simulate IVC filter placement. Contact area, contact normal force, and maximum vein displacements were higher in the retroaortic IVC than in the left-sided IVC (144 mm(2), 0.47 N, and 1.49 mm versus 68 mm(2), 0.22 N, and 1.01 mm, respectively). Hemodynamics were simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), with four cases for each patient-specific vein: (1) IVC only, (2) IVC with a placed filter, (3) IVC with a placed filter and model embolus, all at resting flow conditions, and (4) IVC with a placed filter and model embolus at exercise flow conditions. Significant hemodynamic differences were observed between the two patient IVCs, with the development of a right-sided jet, larger flow recirculation regions, and lower maximum flow velocities in the left-sided IVC. These results support further investigation of IVC filter placement and hemodynamics on a patient-specific basis. PMID:24805200

Aycock, Kenneth I; Campbell, Robert L; Manning, Keefe B; Sastry, Shankar P; Shontz, Suzanne M; Lynch, Frank C; Craven, Brent A

2014-08-01

402

Pseudothrombus in the inferior vena cava demonstrated on dynamic CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The detection of tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava (IVC) is important in prognosis and therapeutic management. It has been suggested by various authors recently that computed tomography (CT) is an accurate and noninvasive diagnostic modality for detecting thrombus in IVC. The diagnostic criteria of thrombus is an intraluminal low density within the opacified IVC. However, potential problem of pseudothrombus due to flow related phenomena in IVC after bolus injection through a foot vein has been reported. To avoid false positive diagnosis, bolus injection through an arm vein followed by dynamic CT scan has been recommended. We analysed images of IVC on dynamic CT scans after bolus injection through an antecubital vein and conventional CT scans in 61 normal individuals. On dynamic CT scan homogeneous opacification of IVC was noted in twenty one out of sixty one cases (34%). However, thirty seven cases (60%) showed inhomogeneous opacification of IVC. Definite evidence of pseudothrombus was identified in eighteen cases (31%), whereas IVC was homogeneously enhanced in fifty seven cases (93%) on conventional CT scans. This phenomenon of pseudothrombus was observed in IVC above the level of renal veins and caused by negative washout of unopacified blood through the IVC below the level of renal veins. As conclusion it was stressed that diagnosis of thrombus in IVC should be made with causion considering possibility of pseudothrombus and comparison with conventional enhambus and comparison with conventional enhanced CT is inevitable for its confirmation. (author)

403

Leiomyosarcomas of the inferior vena cava: diagnostic features on cross-sectional imaging  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To evaluate the cross-sectional radiological appearances and to review the clinical presentation and outcome of patients with leiomyosarcomas of the inferior vena cava (IVC LMS). These are rare aggressive tumours that present late with non-specific symptoms and have a poor prognosis. Materials and Methods: From January 2002 to December 2008, the radiological images of 23 sequential patients with pathologically proven IVC LMS were independently reviewed by two experienced radiologists. The clinical presentation, treatment including surgical details, and outcome were recorded. Results: There were 19 females and four males with a mean age of 53 years. CT typically demonstrated a large, lobulate, non-calcified heterogeneous mass with peripheral enhancement. T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images demonstrated a mass with a low signal intensity and T2-weighted MRI images demonstrated a mass with a high signal intensity. Clinical presentation included leg oedema, back and abdominal pain with almost 50% of patients presenting with metastases. Eleven patients underwent ablative surgery. The mean survival time of all patients in the study was 34 months and that of the 11 post-surgical patients was 56 months. Conclusion: There are a variety of diagnostic features on both computed tomography (CT) and MRI which aid the diagnosis of this unusual vascular neoplasm. CT is vital in determining the location of the tumour within the IVC and MRI accurately depicts its extent and the potential for surgical resectability, which offers the only chance of survival.

Ganeshalingam, S., E-mail: skandadas.ganeshalingam@nhs.ne [Department of Clinical Radiology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Rajeswaran, G. [Department of Clinical Radiology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Jones, R.L. [Department of Clinical Oncology, University of Washington and Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Thway, K. [Department of Histopathology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Moskovic, E. [Department of Clinical Radiology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom)

2011-01-15

404

Leiomyosarcomas of the inferior vena cava: diagnostic features on cross-sectional imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate the cross-sectional radiological appearances and to review the clinical presentation and outcome of patients with leiomyosarcomas of the inferior vena cava (IVC LMS). These are rare aggressive tumours that present late with non-specific symptoms and have a poor prognosis. Materials and Methods: From January 2002 to December 2008, the radiological images of 23 sequential patients with pathologically proven IVC LMS were independently reviewed by two experienced radiologists. The clinical presentation, treatment including surgical details, and outcome were recorded. Results: There were 19 females and four males with a mean age of 53 years. CT typically demonstrated a large, lobulate, non-calcified heterogeneous mass with peripheral enhancement. T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images demonstrated a mass with a low signal intensity and T2-weighted MRI images demonstrated a mass with a high signal intensity. Clinical presentation included leg oedema, back and abdominal pain with almost 50% of patients presenting with metastases. Eleven patients underwent ablative surgery. The mean survival time of all patients in the study was 34 months and that of the 11 post-surgical patients was 56 months. Conclusion: There are a variety of diagnostic features on both computed tomography (CT) and MRI which aid the diagnosis of this unusual vascular neoplasm. CT is vital in determining the location of the tumour within the IVC and MRI accurately depicts its en the IVC and MRI accurately depicts its extent and the potential for surgical resectability, which offers the only chance of survival.

405

Thrombosis caused by polyurethane double-lumen subclavian superior vena cava catheter and hemodialysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

During an 18-month period, 82 consecutive patients (37 women and 45 men), with a mean age of 50 yr (range 15 to 74), underwent hemodialysis with 91 polyurethane double-lumen subclavian superior vena cava catheters inserted via the right subclavian vein. Upon catheter removal, venograms were performed in 53 which revealed thrombosis in 13. Autopsy performed in 13 other patients revealed thrombosis in three. Mean catheter duration was 27 days (range 1 to 138). Catheter duration was significantly (p less than .01) longer in the 16 cases complicated by thrombosis. There was no significant difference in the frequency of thrombosis between men and women. Two patients developed symptoms of subclavian vein occlusion after the creation of an arteriovenous fistula on the same side as a previous hemodialysis catheter. Overall, thrombosis was found in 23% and increased with longer catheter duration. We recommend phlebography to exclude thrombosis before creating an arteriovenous fistula on the same side as the previous hemodialysis catheter. There was no case of clinical discernible pulmonary embolism.

Wanscher, Maria RØrbæk; Frifelt, J J

1988-01-01

406

Challenging diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava.  

Science.gov (United States)

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVCL) is a rare malignant tumour originating from the smooth muscle cells of the media with intra- or extra-luminal growth. The type of the lesion is further divided into three levels in relation to hepatic and renal veins respectively. The aim of this review was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of IVCL with special reference to the extent of its histological spread and to analyse the recent literature in order to provide an update on the current concepts of diagnostic and therapeutic management of this entity. IVCL's patients may present with non-specific complaints such as dyspnoea, malaise, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. Haematogenous metastasis is frequent. At a later stage, IVCL may also spread through lymphatic. Multiple diagnostic imaging techniques have been proposed for accurate preoperative diagnosis, including Doppler ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), individually or in combination with cavography echocardiography or CT-guided biopsy. Despite recent research on the therapeutic strategies against IVCL, surgical resection appears the only potentially curative approach. Unfortunately, a mere minority of patients is eligible to undergo surgical intervention. In addition, surgical removal of IVCL does not necessarily guarantee patient's long-term survival. Alternative therapies, such as radio- and chemo-therapy often proved insufficient. Debate continues regarding the optimal management of the IVC after tumour resection, with primary repair, ligation and IVC reconstruction all have been utilized with varying success. PMID:25489949

Mastoraki, Aikaterini; Leotsakos, George; Mastoraki, Sotiria; Papanikolaou, Ioannis S; Danias, Nikolaos; Smyrniotis, Vasilios; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos

2015-01-01

407

Circumflex coronary artery bypass via the posterior interatrial sulcus and under the venae cavae.  

Science.gov (United States)

During coronary artery bypass grafting, the length of the graft to the circumflex coronary artery or its end branches can be underestimated because of the posterior location of the circumflex. Herein, we describe a new bypass route--which we consider the shortest--to the ascending aorta. In 2 patients, during proximal anastomosis of the saphenous vein bypass graft (via a route either anterior to the pulmonary artery or the transverse sinus) from the circumflex to the ascending aorta, the vein graft (approximately 5-6 cm in length) proved too short. We performed bypass in a new direction--from the circumflex coronary artery to the right side of the ascending aorta, under the inferior and superior venae cavae and along the interatrial groove--without the need for graft lengthening. To our knowledge, the bypass route to the circumflex system described herein is new. This new route can be successfully used when the bypass conduit is too short to follow the conventional route. Our 2 patients benefited from this approach and were in Canadian Cardiovascular Society Class l two years after the surgical procedure. PMID:18612494

Cebi, Niyazi; Walterbusch, Gerhard

2008-01-01

408

Persistent left superior vena cava mistaken for nodal metastasis: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Evaluation of the mediastinum is crucial for patients with lung cancer. Mediastinal lymph node metastases play a dramatic role in the process of staging. Physicians should be aware of the potential pitfalls regarding mediastinal evaluation. This case report provides an example. Case presentation We report the case of a 57-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a four-month history of non-productive cough. He was diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer. Initially, it was thought to be inoperable due to the presence of a para-aortic lymph node. A more careful examination of the mediastinum revealed that the "lymph node" was in fact a persistent left superior vena cava. Conclusions This study highlights the difficulties in mediastinal staging, especially when intravenous contrast is not used. The recognition of this vascular malformation dramatically changed the therapeutic decisions, giving our patient the opportunity of surgical resection. To the best of our knowledge, such correlation has not been described in English literature.

Papandrinopoulou Dimitra

2010-06-01

409

Clinical evaluation of stenting for different types of malignant inferior vena cava obstruction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcome of stenting for different types of malignant inferior vena cava (IVC)obstruction. Methods: Eighty-four liver cancer patients complicated with IVC obstruction were divided into external compression type and embolic type by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)and/or digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Of the 47 cases with external compression type, 26 patients were undergone interventional stent placement (group A)and the other 21 patients were served as control group(group B). Of the 37 cases with embolis type, 20 patients were stented (group C)and remaining 17 patients were in control group (group D). Transarterial chemo-embolization (TACE)were performed for those patients without contraindications. Results: Within one week remission rates of clinical symptoms were 96.2% and 90.0% in group A and group C (P>0.05), after six weeks remission rates were 84.6% and 30.0%, respectively (P0.05). Conclusions: Interventional stent placement is recommended for patients with external compression IVC obstruction, with significant relief of the clinical symptoms and prolongation of the survival term. For embolic type of IVC obstruction patients, stenting is only a short-term palliative mstenting is only a short-term palliative modality because of higher re-obstruction rate and shorter survival term. (authors)

410

Malignant inferior vena cava obstruction involving right atrium. Palliative treatment with self expandable metallic stent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of placement of self-expandable metallic stent within right atrium and inferior vena cava (ICV) in patients with malignant ICV obstruction involving right atrium. Methods: There were 5 male patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, aged from 42 to 65 years (mean 56.3 years). The malignancies invaded right atrium and ICV simultaneously, and caused obstruction of ICV. These patients presented symptoms and signs of obstruction of ICV such as hepatomegaly, ascites, edema of lower extremities. 'Z' type stainless steel stents (7.5-10.0 cm in length and 2.5 cm in diameter) were selected for these patients. Part (1.0-3.0 cm in length) of stent was placed in right atrium and the rest was in ICV. Results: All of stents were placed successfully and obstructed ICV reopened. The symptoms of obstruction of ICV relieved or disappeared. There were no recurrence of symptoms of obstruction of ICV and any cardiac complication related to placement of stents in follow-up period (67-188 days). Conclusion: Placement of self-expandable metallic stent within right atrium and ICV in treatment of patients with malignant ICV obstruction involving right atrium is one of the safe and effective methods

411

The effectiveness of particle radiotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma associated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The prognosis of patients who have hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT) is very poor, and effective treatment modalities are extremely limited. The objective of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of particle radiotherapy for HCC with IVCTT. Between June 2001 and January 2009, 16 evaluable patients who had HCC with IVCTT were treated with particle radiotherapy. They were divided into 2 groups: 6 were treated with curative intent; 10 with palliative intent. The local tumor control rates, overall survival rates, and toxicities were evaluated. All tumors treated with particle radiotherapy remained controlled without local recurrence at the last follow-up. The overall survival rates for the 16 patients at 1 and 3 years were 61.1 and 36.7%, respectively. We observed a significant difference in the survival rates according to treatment policy. The median survival time was 25.4 months for patients treated with curative intent and 7.7 months for those treated with palliative intent. The one-year survival rates were 100.0 and 33.3%, respectively. No Grade 3 or higher treatment-related toxicities were observed. Particle radiotherapy is thought to be potentially effective and safe for HCC with IVCTT. Considering the current lack of effective and less-invasive local therapy for HCC with IVCTT, particle radiotherapy may therefore be an attractive new therapeutic approach for this type of HCC. (author)for this type of HCC. (author)

412

[Anesthetic management for abdominoperineal resection of the rectum in a patient with superior vena cava syndrome].  

Science.gov (United States)

Since superior vena cava syndrome (SVCs) causes ntracranial hypertension and edema of the upper respiratory tract close attention should be paid to brain circulatory dysfunction and obstruction of the upper airway. A male patient with SVCs and complete obstruction of the bilateral internal jugular veins was scheduled for abdominoperineal resection of the rectum under general anesthesia To evaluate the brain circuation, we monitored the external jugular venous pressure and regional saturation of oxygen (rSO) by INVOS® in the cerebral frontal cortex. If the external ugular venous pressure would rise above 20 mmHg, we planned to change the horizontal supine position to a head up position and then remove blood from the external jugular vein. Fortunately, since the external jugular venous pressure was maintained within 20 mmHg, and since no great decreases in rSO2 occurred during surgery, we did not change the patient's position or remove blood from the patient. The surgical procedure was completed uneventfully, and pharyngoarngeal edema was not seen. He did not show any neurological deficits after surgery. From experience of khis patient, we concluded that monitoring of external cigular venous pressure and rSO2 is useful for anesthetic management in patints with SVCs. PMID:25693351

Yoshiyama, Yuki; Kawamata, Tomoyuki; Sugiyama, Daisuke; Kawamata, Mikito

2014-10-01

413

Prognostic significance of dilated inferior vena cava in advanced decompensated heart failure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dilated inferior vena cava (IVC) is prevalent among patients with heart failure (HF), but whether its presence predicts worsening renal function (WRF) or adverse outcomes is unclear. This cohort study analyzed patients with left ventricular ejection fraction WRF (area under the curve = 0.795, cut-off value = 20.5 mm). During the 2-year follow-up, 36 patients (49 %) were re-hospitalized for HF and 14 patients (19 %) died. The event rates were significantly greater in the WRF group than in the non-WRF group (71 vs. 30 %, P 21 mm, and WRF. When adjusted for confounding factors, IVC >21 mm [hazard ratio (HR) 3.73, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.66-8.34] and WRF (HR 2.68, 95 % CI 1.07-6.75) were significant predictors for adverse outcomes. In patients with advanced decompensated HF, dilated IVC (>21 mm) predicted the development of WRF and could be a predictor for adverse outcomes. PMID:24939288

Lee, Hsin-Fu; Hsu, Lung-An; Chang, Chi-Jen; Chan, Yi-Hsin; Wang, Chun-Li; Ho, Wan-Jing; Chu, Pao-Hsien

2014-10-01

414

Association of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome with Sleep Apnea: Investigation Using an Impulse Oscillometry System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS patients sometimes show signs of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA. However, the mechanism causing hypoxia during sleep in SVCS patients is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to elucidate 1 the changes in central and peripheral respiratory resistance with SVCS, and 2 interpret the mechanism underlying the development of hypoxia during sleep in patients with SVCS related to OSA. Ten SVCS patients related to a neoplasm were recruited for this study. The degree of apnea hypopnea index (AHI for OSA was evaluated by portable diagnosing device before and after SVCS treatment. We also analyzed the airway resistance and reactance quantitatively in the supine position by Master Screen impulse oscillometry system (MS-IOS®. After SVCS treatment, mean values of AHI were significantly decreased from 30.9 to 16.9 (/hour (p = 0.001. Central respiratory resistance (R20 also decreased significantly from 0.40 to 0.33 kPa/L/s (p = 0.025 in the supine position. In contrast, peripheral respiratory resistance (R5-R20 and distal capacitive reactance (X5 did not change significantly. It is thought that the exacerbation of OSA due to SVCS is caused by increasing upper airway resistance related to reversible edema of the upper airway mucous or tissue. In contrast, SVCS may not cause peripheral respiratory tract and lung parenchyma edema.

Masato Katagiri

2012-07-01

415

Preliminary results of the new 6F TrapEase inferior vena cava filter.  

Science.gov (United States)

The TrapEase filter is a permanent, symmetric nitinol filter that can be deployed through a low-profile sheath. Although the TrapEase is enjoying an increasing market share of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters, there are still limited clinical follow-up data on its use. This study is a retrospective review of 189 consecutive infrarenal TrapEase filters placed at our institution. The study included 80 men and 109 women, with an average age of 73 years (24-102). The most common indication for filter placement was a contraindication to warfarin. In total, 13% of the patients were treated with warfarin. The filter was successfully deployed in all cases, via the right femoral vein in 57% of the patients, via the left femoral vein in 32%, and via the right internal jugular vein in 11%. Follow-up studies were performed as clinically indicated. During the investigation, there were three cases of IVC thrombosis (1.5%) and one case of retroperitoneal hemorrhage potentially caused by filter placement. Two of the thrombosis cases resulted in serious sequelae. This study also represents the first report of a symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) after TrapEase filter placement. While this investigation does demonstrate a low overall complication rate of this new device, it raises the concern of an increase in IVC thrombosis rate. PMID:12545251

Schutzer, Richard; Ascher, Enrico; Hingorani, Anil; Jacob, Theresa; Kallakuri, Sreedhar

2003-01-01

416

Assessment of Snared-Loop Technique When Standard Retrieval of Inferior Vena Cava Filters Fails  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose To identify the success and complications related to a variant technique used to retrieve inferior vena cava filters when simple snare approach has failed. Methods A retrospective review of all Cook Guenther Tulip filters and Cook Celect filters retrieved between July 2006 and February 2008 was performed. During this period, 130 filter retrievals were attempted. In 33 cases, the standard retrieval technique failed. Retrieval was subsequently attempted with our modified retrieval technique. Results The retrieval was successful in 23 cases (mean dwell time, 171.84 days; range, 5-505 days) and unsuccessful in 10 cases (mean dwell time, 162.2 days; range, 94-360 days). Our filter retrievability rates increased from 74.6% with the standard retrieval method to 92.3% when the snared-loop technique was used. Unsuccessful retrieval was due to significant endothelialization (n = 9) and caval penetration by the filter (n = 1). A single complication occurred in the group, in a patient developing pulmonary emboli after attempted retrieval. Conclusion The technique we describe increased the retrievability of the two filters studied. Hook endothelialization is the main factor resulting in failed retrieval and continues to be a limitation with these filters.

417

Histology of Tissue Adherent to OptEase Inferior Vena Cava Filters Regarding Indwelling Time  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this paper is to report on the histology of tissues found on retrieved filters with regard to indwelling time. Between February 2006 and January 2007, 28 Optease inferior vena cava filters (Cordis Europa, Roden, The Netherlands) were retrieved from 27 patients. Twenty-two filters were inserted prophylactically for trauma patients and six for patients with venous thromboembolism. Cavography was performed both before and after filter removal to evaluate the presence of thrombi or wall damage. Filters were retrieved with the snare and sheath method. All material adherents to the filters were examined histologically.The mean indwelling time of the filters was 24.9 days (range, 6-69 days). Red tissue fragments were seen on all the filters, consistent microscopically with clots and fibrin. On five filters (18%; mean indwelling time, 45.4 days) white tissue consistent with vascular intima was found. All postprocedure cavographies were normal. We conclude that most material adherent to the retrieved filters is thrombi, while vascular intima can be found in the minority of filters with a longer indwelling time.

418

Outcomes of patients requiring insertion of an inferior vena cava filter: a retrospective observational study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Data regarding inferior vena cava (IVC) filter use and complications are scarce. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of IVC filters over a 4-year period at two adult tertiary care hospital sites. A retrospective observational study was conducted of consecutive admitted patients who underwent insertion of an IVC filter between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of IVC filters. We identified 338 patients with an attempted filter insertion who were followed for a median 16.3 months. Ninety-one percent of filters inserted were for an appropriate indication. Sixty-eight patients (20% of all patients) had one or more filter-related complication. Despite a median time after filter insertion to start anticoagulation of 2 days (interquartile range 3 days) for prophylactic and 6 days (interquartile range 7 days) for full dose, 38 patients (11% of all patients) had one or more thrombotic complications during follow-up. In a subgroup of patients with complete anticoagulation information available, thrombotic complications occurred in 18, 16, and 8% of patients receiving no, prophylactic, or full dose anticoagulation after IVC filter insertion, respectively (NS; P?=?0.13). IVC filter use in our study was associated with a substantial rate of complications including thrombotic complications. This study highlights the need for further research regarding the safety and efficacy of IVC filters and the role for early initiation of anticoagulation. PMID:24418944

Duffett, Lisa D; Gándara, Esteban; Cheung, Andrew; Bose, Gauruv; Forster, Alan J; Wells, Philip S

2014-04-01

419

Clinical review: inferior vena cava filters in the age of patient-centered outcomes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) use continues to increase in the United States (US) despite questionable clinical benefit and increasing concerns over long-term complications. For this review we comprehensively examine the randomized, prospective data on IVC filter efficacy, compare relative rates of IVCF placement in the US and Europe, compare commonly considered guidelines for IVCF indications, and the current data on IVCF complications. Searches of MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were conducted for randomized prospective IVCF studies. Only three randomized prospective studies for IVCFs were identified. Commonly cited IVCF guidelines were reviewed with attention to their evolution over time. No evidence has shown a survival benefit with IVCF use. Despite this, continued rising utilization, especially for primary prophylactic indications, is concerning, given increasing evidence of long-term filter-related complications. This is particularly noted in the US where IVCF placements for 2012 are projected to be 25 times that of an equivalent population in Europe (224,700 versus 9,070). Pending much-needed randomized controlled trials that also evaluate long-term safety, we support the more stringent American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines for IVCF placement indications and advocate a close, structured follow-up of retrievable IVCFs to improve filter retrieval rates. PMID:24099038