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Vantagens da conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais / Advantages of internal jugular vein preservation in unilateral neck dissections  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Diante da dúvida sobre a existência ou não de vantagens relacionadas à conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais resolvemos observar se os pacientes que a tem sacrificada apresentam alterações ao exame de fundo de olho que indiquem um aumento da pressão in [...] tracraniana, avaliar a presença de alterações neurológicas e verificar as vantagens na evolução clínico-cirúrgica dos pacientes que tiveram a sua veia jugular interna conservada. MÉTODO: Trata-se de estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, de 15 pacientes portadores de carcinoma epidermóide da cabeça e pescoço, atendidos e operados no Serviço de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis, que tiveram como parte de seu tratamento a realização de esvaziamento cervical completo (funcional ou não) unilateral, divididos em um grupo com ressecção da veia jugular interna e outro com sua conservação. Todos foram submetidos a exames de retinografia pré e pós-operatórios, além de avaliação neurológica e clínica. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram alterações oftalmológicas detectáveis através da retinografia em nenhum dos grupos. O grupo que teve sua veia jugular interna ressecada apresentou maior incidência de queixas neurológicas no pós-operatório, além de uma evolução cirúrgica mais desfavorável, com um maior período de internação devido às complicações locais apresentadas. CONCLUSÕES: A conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais beneficia a evolução pós-operatória dos pacientes, com um menor período de internação, apesar de não termos identificado qualquer evidência pós-operatória de aumento da pressão intracraniana nos pacientes que tiveram a veia ligada. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Facing the doubt about the existence or not of advantages in preserving the internal jugular vein (IJV) in unilateral neck dissections, the authors decided to determine if the patients with IJV ligation develop changes in retina examination that indicate an increasing in intracranial pre [...] ssure, to evaluate the presence of neurologic changes and to verify the advantages on clinical and surgical outcome of the patients with IJV ligation. METHOD: This is a non-radomized, prospective study comprising 15 patients with head and neck squamous carcinoma treated at the Head and Neck Service of Hospital Heliópolis who were submitted to unilateral neck dissection as part of their treatment and divided in two groups: one with ligation of IJV and other with its preservation. All underwent to preoperative and postoperative retinography and clinical and neurological evaluation. RESULTS: Detectable ophthalmologic changes occurred in none of the two groups. The group with IJV ligation presented a larger incidence of neurologic complaints in postoperative period and a less favorable surgical outcome with a larger period of hospitalization due by local complications. CONCLUSIONS: Preservation of IJV in unilateral neck dissections took to a better postoperative outcome with less time of hospitalization even though no evidence of postoperative increasing in intracranial pressure was observed in patients with IJV ligation.

Marcelo Benedito, Menezes; Abrão, Rapoport; Antônio Sérgio, Fava; Carlos Neutzling, Lehn.

2002-12-01

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Vantagens da conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais Advantages of internal jugular vein preservation in unilateral neck dissections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Diante da dúvida sobre a existência ou não de vantagens relacionadas à conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais resolvemos observar se os pacientes que a tem sacrificada apresentam alterações ao exame de fundo de olho que indiquem um aumento da pressão intracraniana, avaliar a presença de alterações neurológicas e verificar as vantagens na evolução clínico-cirúrgica dos pacientes que tiveram a sua veia jugular interna conservada. MÉTODO: Trata-se de estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, de 15 pacientes portadores de carcinoma epidermóide da cabeça e pescoço, atendidos e operados no Serviço de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis, que tiveram como parte de seu tratamento a realização de esvaziamento cervical completo (funcional ou não unilateral, divididos em um grupo com ressecção da veia jugular interna e outro com sua conservação. Todos foram submetidos a exames de retinografia pré e pós-operatórios, além de avaliação neurológica e clínica. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram alterações oftalmológicas detectáveis através da retinografia em nenhum dos grupos. O grupo que teve sua veia jugular interna ressecada apresentou maior incidência de queixas neurológicas no pós-operatório, além de uma evolução cirúrgica mais desfavorável, com um maior período de internação devido às complicações locais apresentadas. CONCLUSÕES: A conservação da veia jugular interna nos esvaziamentos cervicais unilaterais beneficia a evolução pós-operatória dos pacientes, com um menor período de internação, apesar de não termos identificado qualquer evidência pós-operatória de aumento da pressão intracraniana nos pacientes que tiveram a veia ligada.BACKGROUND: Facing the doubt about the existence or not of advantages in preserving the internal jugular vein (IJV in unilateral neck dissections, the authors decided to determine if the patients with IJV ligation develop changes in retina examination that indicate an increasing in intracranial pressure, to evaluate the presence of neurologic changes and to verify the advantages on clinical and surgical outcome of the patients with IJV ligation. METHOD: This is a non-radomized, prospective study comprising 15 patients with head and neck squamous carcinoma treated at the Head and Neck Service of Hospital Heliópolis who were submitted to unilateral neck dissection as part of their treatment and divided in two groups: one with ligation of IJV and other with its preservation. All underwent to preoperative and postoperative retinography and clinical and neurological evaluation. RESULTS: Detectable ophthalmologic changes occurred in none of the two groups. The group with IJV ligation presented a larger incidence of neurologic complaints in postoperative period and a less favorable surgical outcome with a larger period of hospitalization due by local complications. CONCLUSIONS: Preservation of IJV in unilateral neck dissections took to a better postoperative outcome with less time of hospitalization even though no evidence of postoperative increasing in intracranial pressure was observed in patients with IJV ligation.

Marcelo Benedito Menezes

2002-12-01

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Ultrasound evaluation of techniques for internal jugular vein puncture in children / Avaliação ultra-sonográfica das técnicas de punção da veia jugular interna em crianças  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Determinar pelo ultra-som qual o melhor acesso e posicionamento da criança com o intuito de se obter a melhor secção transversal da veia jugular interna direita (VJID), permitindo uma punção com maior segurança. MÉTODOS: Três possíveis acessos a VJID, anterior, lateral e posterior foram an [...] alisados pela ultrassonografia em uma sequência de diferentes posições da cabeça, estando o paciente em posição supina com ou sem um coxim sob a escápula; cabeça na posição neutra; (NPP E NP); rotação lateral da cabeça (CLRP e CLR), posição neutra com o paciente em posição de Trendlemburg a 30(0) (TDG). Para analisar os resultados foi aplicado um método estatístico com análise variada sobre os mesmos indivíduos. Procedimentos básicos: Avaliação ultrassonográfica em cada uma das posições propostas. RESULTADOS: Pela análise estatística dos resultados observou-se que a punção lateral estando o paciente em posição neutra, em Trendlemburg sem a colocação de coxim sob a escápula oferece uma área maior em comparação a todas as outras opções de punção e posicionamento do paciente (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To determine by ultrasound which access and position the child must stay to obtain the best transversal section of the right Internal Jugular Vein (RIJV) allowing a safer puncture. METHODS: Three possible accesses to the RIJV, anterior, lateral and posterior, from 57 healthy children, were [...] analyzed through ultrasound images in a sequence of positions of the head, in supine position, with or without a roll under the scapula: head centered in neutral position with and without a roll (NPP and NP); contra lateral rotation with and without a roll (CLRP and CLR), neutral position and the patient raised in 30° in Trendelenburg position (TDG). To analyze the results it was applied one statistic method, with variation analysis to the same individuals. Basic Procedures: Ultrasound evaluation in each one of the proposed positions. RESULTS: The statistical analysis of the results observed that the lateral puncture with the patient in the neutral position, in Trendelemburg without a roll, offers a bigger area in comparison to all the other options of puncture and positioning of the patient (p

Sérgio Tomaz, Schettini; Luiz Fernando Ybarra Martins de, Oliveira; Harold Ruiz, Henao; Henrique Manoel, Lederman.

2008-10-01

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Ultrasound evaluation of techniques for internal jugular vein puncture in children / Avaliação ultra-sonográfica das técnicas de punção da veia jugular interna em crianças  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Determinar pelo ultra-som qual o melhor acesso e posicionamento da criança com o intuito de se obter a melhor secção transversal da veia jugular interna direita (VJID), permitindo uma punção com maior segurança. MÉTODOS: Três possíveis acessos a VJID, anterior, lateral e posterior foram an [...] alisados pela ultrassonografia em uma sequência de diferentes posições da cabeça, estando o paciente em posição supina com ou sem um coxim sob a escápula; cabeça na posição neutra; (NPP E NP); rotação lateral da cabeça (CLRP e CLR), posição neutra com o paciente em posição de Trendlemburg a 30(0) (TDG). Para analisar os resultados foi aplicado um método estatístico com análise variada sobre os mesmos indivíduos. Procedimentos básicos: Avaliação ultrassonográfica em cada uma das posições propostas. RESULTADOS: Pela análise estatística dos resultados observou-se que a punção lateral estando o paciente em posição neutra, em Trendlemburg sem a colocação de coxim sob a escápula oferece uma área maior em comparação a todas as outras opções de punção e posicionamento do paciente (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To determine by ultrasound which access and position the child must stay to obtain the best transversal section of the right Internal Jugular Vein (RIJV) allowing a safer puncture. METHODS: Three possible accesses to the RIJV, anterior, lateral and posterior, from 57 healthy children, were [...] analyzed through ultrasound images in a sequence of positions of the head, in supine position, with or without a roll under the scapula: head centered in neutral position with and without a roll (NPP and NP); contra lateral rotation with and without a roll (CLRP and CLR), neutral position and the patient raised in 30° in Trendelenburg position (TDG). To analyze the results it was applied one statistic method, with variation analysis to the same individuals. Basic Procedures: Ultrasound evaluation in each one of the proposed positions. RESULTS: The statistical analysis of the results observed that the lateral puncture with the patient in the neutral position, in Trendelemburg without a roll, offers a bigger area in comparison to all the other options of puncture and positioning of the patient (p

Sérgio Tomaz, Schettini; Luiz Fernando Ybarra Martins de, Oliveira; Harold Ruiz, Henao; Henrique Manoel, Lederman.

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Ultrasound evaluation of techniques for internal jugular vein puncture in children Avaliação ultra-sonográfica das técnicas de punção da veia jugular interna em crianças  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To determine by ultrasound which access and position the child must stay to obtain the best transversal section of the right Internal Jugular Vein (RIJV allowing a safer puncture. METHODS: Three possible accesses to the RIJV, anterior, lateral and posterior, from 57 healthy children, were analyzed through ultrasound images in a sequence of positions of the head, in supine position, with or without a roll under the scapula: head centered in neutral position with and without a roll (NPP and NP; contra lateral rotation with and without a roll (CLRP and CLR, neutral position and the patient raised in 30° in Trendelenburg position (TDG. To analyze the results it was applied one statistic method, with variation analysis to the same individuals. Basic Procedures: Ultrasound evaluation in each one of the proposed positions. RESULTS: The statistical analysis of the results observed that the lateral puncture with the patient in the neutral position, in Trendelemburg without a roll, offers a bigger area in comparison to all the other options of puncture and positioning of the patient (pOBJETIVO: Determinar pelo ultra-som qual o melhor acesso e posicionamento da criança com o intuito de se obter a melhor secção transversal da veia jugular interna direita (VJID, permitindo uma punção com maior segurança. MÉTODOS: Três possíveis acessos a VJID, anterior, lateral e posterior foram analisados pela ultrassonografia em uma sequência de diferentes posições da cabeça, estando o paciente em posição supina com ou sem um coxim sob a escápula; cabeça na posição neutra; (NPP E NP; rotação lateral da cabeça (CLRP e CLR, posição neutra com o paciente em posição de Trendlemburg a 30(0 (TDG. Para analisar os resultados foi aplicado um método estatístico com análise variada sobre os mesmos indivíduos. Procedimentos básicos: Avaliação ultrassonográfica em cada uma das posições propostas. RESULTADOS: Pela análise estatística dos resultados observou-se que a punção lateral estando o paciente em posição neutra, em Trendlemburg sem a colocação de coxim sob a escápula oferece uma área maior em comparação a todas as outras opções de punção e posicionamento do paciente (p<0,0001. CONCLUSÃO: A melhor técnica para a punção da VJID em crianças foi a posição neutra em Trendlemburg, por punção lateral , sem a colocação de um coxim sob a escápula.

Sérgio Tomaz Schettini

2008-10-01

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Modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em artéria carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna / Stable experimental model of carotid artery saccular aneurysm in swine using the internal jugular vein  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Desenvolver um modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna. MÉTODOS: Em 12 suínos sadios, com peso variando entre 25 e 50kg, cinco machos e sete fêmeas, foi confeccionado aneurisma na artéria carótida comum direita. Após arteriotom [...] ia elíptica, foi realizada anastomose terminolateral com coto distal de veia jugular interna. O volume do aneurisma era calculado de maneira que o valor não excedesse em 27 vezes o valor da área da arteriotomia. Após seis dias, era realizada angiografia e análise microscópica do aneurisma para avaliar perviedade e trombose parcial ou total. RESULTADOS: Houve ganho de peso significante dos suínos no intervalo de tempo entre a confecção do aneurisma e a angiografia (p = 0,04). Foi observada perviedade aneurismática em dez suínos (83%). Ocorreram infecções de feridas operatórias em dois animais (16,6%), ambas com início de aparecimento em três dias após a confecção do aneurisma. Análise histológica dos aneurismas mostrou trombos ocluindo parcialmente a luz em nove suínos (75%). Nesses animais, observou-se que, em média, 9% da luz aneurismática estava preenchida por trombos. CONCLUSÃO: Pôde ser desenvolvido um modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental model of stable saccular aneurysm in carotid of pigs using the internal jugular vein. METHODS: In 12 healthy pigs, weighing between 25 and 50kg, five males and seven females, we made a right common carotid artery aneurysm. After elliptical arteriotomy, we carrie [...] d out a terminolateral anastomosis with the distal stump of the internal jugular vein. Aneurysm volume was calculated so that the value did not exceed 27 times the area of the arteriotomy. After six days angiography and microscopic examination were performed to assess patency of the aneurysm and the presence of total or partial thrombosis. RESULTS: There was a significant weight gain of pigs in the time interval between the manufacture of the aneurysm and angiography (p = 0.04). Aneurysmal patency was observed in ten pigs (83%). Operative wound infections occurred in two animals (16.6%), both with early onset, three days after the making of the aneurysm. Histological analysis showed aneurysm thrombus partially occluding the light in nine pigs (75%). In these animals, it was observed that on average 9% of the aneurysmal diameter was filled with thrombi. CONCLUSION: It was possible to develop a stable experimental model of saccular aneurysms in pig carotid artery by use of the internal jugular vein.

Severino Lourenço da, Silva Júnior; Guilherme Benjamin Brandão, Pitta; Adamastor Humberto, Pereira; Aldemar de Araújo, Castro; Maria Helena Tavares de, Matos; Fábio Duque, Silveira; Leonardo Torres, Magalhães; José Adolfo Hurt Almeida de, Moraes; Emmylena Karina Cordeiro, Machado; Carlos Wagner de Souza, Wanderley; Camila Meirelles de Souza, Silva; Luciana da Paz dos, Santos; João Nicolle Tupiná, Nogueira.

2013-04-01

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Modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em artéria carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna Stable experimental model of carotid artery saccular aneurysm in swine using the internal jugular vein  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Desenvolver um modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna. MÉTODOS: Em 12 suínos sadios, com peso variando entre 25 e 50kg, cinco machos e sete fêmeas, foi confeccionado aneurisma na artéria carótida comum direita. Após arteriotomia elíptica, foi realizada anastomose terminolateral com coto distal de veia jugular interna. O volume do aneurisma era calculado de maneira que o valor não excedesse em 27 vezes o valor da área da arteriotomia. Após seis dias, era realizada angiografia e análise microscópica do aneurisma para avaliar perviedade e trombose parcial ou total. RESULTADOS: Houve ganho de peso significante dos suínos no intervalo de tempo entre a confecção do aneurisma e a angiografia (p = 0,04. Foi observada perviedade aneurismática em dez suínos (83%. Ocorreram infecções de feridas operatórias em dois animais (16,6%, ambas com início de aparecimento em três dias após a confecção do aneurisma. Análise histológica dos aneurismas mostrou trombos ocluindo parcialmente a luz em nove suínos (75%. Nesses animais, observou-se que, em média, 9% da luz aneurismática estava preenchida por trombos. CONCLUSÃO: Pôde ser desenvolvido um modelo experimental estável de aneurisma sacular em carótida de suínos utilizando veia jugular interna.OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental model of stable saccular aneurysm in carotid of pigs using the internal jugular vein. METHODS: In 12 healthy pigs, weighing between 25 and 50kg, five males and seven females, we made a right common carotid artery aneurysm. After elliptical arteriotomy, we carried out a terminolateral anastomosis with the distal stump of the internal jugular vein. Aneurysm volume was calculated so that the value did not exceed 27 times the area of the arteriotomy. After six days angiography and microscopic examination were performed to assess patency of the aneurysm and the presence of total or partial thrombosis. RESULTS: There was a significant weight gain of pigs in the time interval between the manufacture of the aneurysm and angiography (p = 0.04. Aneurysmal patency was observed in ten pigs (83%. Operative wound infections occurred in two animals (16.6%, both with early onset, three days after the making of the aneurysm. Histological analysis showed aneurysm thrombus partially occluding the light in nine pigs (75%. In these animals, it was observed that on average 9% of the aneurysmal diameter was filled with thrombi. CONCLUSION: It was possible to develop a stable experimental model of saccular aneurysms in pig carotid artery by use of the internal jugular vein.

Severino Lourenço da Silva Júnior

2013-04-01

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Safety of a training program for ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization in critically ill patients Segurança de um programa de treinamento para punção de veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom em pacientes críticos  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a training program for performing ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein cannulation in critically ill patients. METHODS: Cohort prospective study, evaluating adult patients admitted in a teaching intensive care unit (ICU. Catheter placement was performed by an ICU medical resident. The patient's baseline characteristics, vessel's position and operator experience were the evaluated variables. The main outcomes were cannulation success rate and incidence of major complications. RESULTS: A total of 118 consecutive patients were enrolled between May 2008 and November 2009. The success rate of ultrasound guided catheter placement was 90% (106/118, 77% in the first attempt. Major complications occurred in 4% of the cases (n = 5 and were not associated with the analyzed variables. Inability to place the guide wire was the reason for 58% (7/12 of the failures. Operators with more than 15 previous ultrasound guided cannulations had an increased success rate (95% vs. 79%, p = 0.01 and increased failure was related to previous catheterization (26% vs. 7%, p = 0.02. CONCLUSION: Learning ultrasound guidance for IJV vein cannulation was safe and feasible in ICU patients. This process was not associated to complications and better results were achieved across the spectrum of operator experienceOBJETIVO: Avaliar a segurança e efetividade de um programa de treinamento para cateterização da veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom em pacientes críticos. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo, avaliando pacientes adultos internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva com programa de ensino. Os médicos residentes do serviço realizaram as punções de veia jugular interna guiadas por ultrassom. Foram avaliadas as características de base dos pacientes, sintopia dos vasos e experiência dos operadores. Os desfechos primários foram a taxa de sucesso da cateterização e a incidência de complicações graves. RESULTADOS: No período entre maio de 2008 e novembro de 2009 foram avaliados 118 pacientes. A taxa de sucesso da punção guiada por ultrassom foi 90% (106/118, 77% dessas na primeira tentativa. Complicações graves ocorreram em 4% dos casos (n = 5 e não foram associadas às variáveis analisadas. Incapacidade de progredir o fio-guia foi a razão de 58% (7/12 das falhas. Operadores com mais de 15 punções guiadas por ultrassom obtiveram uma maior taxa de sucesso (95% vs. 79%, p = 0,01 e pacientes com cateterização prévia apresentaram um maior número de falhas (26% vs. 7%, p = 0,02. CONCLUSÃO: O aprendizado da técnica de punção de veia jugular interna guiada por ultrasssom é seguro e efetivo em pacientes críticos. Este processo não esteve associado a um aumento da taxa de complicações e melhores resultados são obtidos à medida que aumenta a experiência do operador

Felippe Leopoldo Dexheimer Neto

2011-08-01

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Infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada a cateter venoso central (ICSRC em enfermarias: estudo prospectivo comparativo entre veia subclávia e veia jugular interna Catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CA-BSI in wards: a prospective comparative study between subclavian and jugular access  

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Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Hemocultura positiva associada a cateter venoso central tem sido estudada em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI, mas ainda é controverso se o acesso jugular tem maior incidência de complicações infecciosas que o acesso na veia subclávia. OBJETIVO: Comparar índice de infecção entre os acessos na jugular interna e os na veia subclávia em pacientes internados nas enfermarias de cirurgia. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, descritivo e comparativo com 114 cateteres em 96 pacientes admitidos nas enfermarias de cirurgia de um Hospital Quaternário, tendo como variáveis o local de inserção, número de lumens, tempo de uso, comparando-os com o índice de complicações infecciosas. RESULTADOS: O índice de infecção foi de 9,64% (11 cateteres, sem significância estatística quando comparados o número de lumens (mono versus duplo e infecção (p=0,274; também sem significância estatística a comparação entre o tempo de uso (>14 dias e infecção (p=0,156. Comparando os acessos jugular e subclávia, encontramos significância estatística tendo infecção em 17,2% na subclávia e 1,8% na jugular, com p=0,005. Índice de Hemocultura positivo associado a cateter venoso central foi maior no acesso subclávia quando comparado com jugular interna, com OR 11,2, IC95% (1,4-90,9; p=0,023. CONCLUSÕES: O acesso venoso central na jugular interna tem menor risco de infecção se comparado com subclávia em enfermarias.BACKGROUND: Positive hemoculture associated with central venous catheters has been studied in intensive care units (ICU, but is still controversial if the internal jugular vein access has a higher incidence of infection than subclavian or femoral vein access. OBJECTIVE: To compare catheter-related bloodstream infection (CABSI rates between internal jugular and subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards. METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive and comparative study of 114 central venous catheters placed in 96 patients admitted to the surgical wards of a tertiary-care hospital. The following parameters were studied: local of insertion of the catheter (internal jugular versus subclavian, number of lumens (single versus double and duration of use (longer or shorter than 14 days, in order to determine their influence in CABSI rates. RESULTS: The CABSI rate was 9,64% (11 catheters, with no significant statistical differences regarding the number of lumens (p=0.274, and duration of use (p=0.156. The CABSI rate was higher in the subclavian vein than in the internal jugular vein access (OR 11.2, 95%CI 1.4-90.8; p=0.023. CONCLUSIONS: The internal jugular vein access has a lesser incidence of CABSI than subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards.

Gustavo Lopes Gomes Siqueira

2011-09-01

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Safety of a training program for ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization in critically ill patients / Segurança de um programa de treinamento para punção de veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom em pacientes críticos  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a segurança e efetividade de um programa de treinamento para cateterização da veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom em pacientes críticos. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo, avaliando pacientes adultos internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva com programa de ensino. O [...] s médicos residentes do serviço realizaram as punções de veia jugular interna guiadas por ultrassom. Foram avaliadas as características de base dos pacientes, sintopia dos vasos e experiência dos operadores. Os desfechos primários foram a taxa de sucesso da cateterização e a incidência de complicações graves. RESULTADOS: No período entre maio de 2008 e novembro de 2009 foram avaliados 118 pacientes. A taxa de sucesso da punção guiada por ultrassom foi 90% (106/118), 77% dessas na primeira tentativa. Complicações graves ocorreram em 4% dos casos (n = 5) e não foram associadas às variáveis analisadas. Incapacidade de progredir o fio-guia foi a razão de 58% (7/12) das falhas. Operadores com mais de 15 punções guiadas por ultrassom obtiveram uma maior taxa de sucesso (95% vs. 79%, p = 0,01) e pacientes com cateterização prévia apresentaram um maior número de falhas (26% vs. 7%, p = 0,02). CONCLUSÃO: O aprendizado da técnica de punção de veia jugular interna guiada por ultrasssom é seguro e efetivo em pacientes críticos. Este processo não esteve associado a um aumento da taxa de complicações e melhores resultados são obtidos à medida que aumenta a experiência do operador Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a training program for performing ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein cannulation in critically ill patients. METHODS: Cohort prospective study, evaluating adult patients admitted in a teaching intensive care unit (ICU). Catheter placement was [...] performed by an ICU medical resident. The patient's baseline characteristics, vessel's position and operator experience were the evaluated variables. The main outcomes were cannulation success rate and incidence of major complications. RESULTS: A total of 118 consecutive patients were enrolled between May 2008 and November 2009. The success rate of ultrasound guided catheter placement was 90% (106/118), 77% in the first attempt. Major complications occurred in 4% of the cases (n = 5) and were not associated with the analyzed variables. Inability to place the guide wire was the reason for 58% (7/12) of the failures. Operators with more than 15 previous ultrasound guided cannulations had an increased success rate (95% vs. 79%, p = 0.01) and increased failure was related to previous catheterization (26% vs. 7%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Learning ultrasound guidance for IJV vein cannulation was safe and feasible in ICU patients. This process was not associated to complications and better results were achieved across the spectrum of operator experience

Felippe Leopoldo, Dexheimer Neto; Cíntia, Roehrig; Paola, Morandi; Roselaine Pinheiro de, Oliveira; Cassiano, Teixeira; Juçara Gasparetto, Maccari; Andre Luiz da Silva, Alencastro; Régis Bueno, Albuquerque; Eubrando Silvestre, Oliveira.

2011-08-01

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Infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada a cateter venoso central (ICSRC) em enfermarias: estudo prospectivo comparativo entre veia subclávia e veia jugular interna / Catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CA-BSI) in wards: a prospective comparative study between subclavian and jugular access  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Hemocultura positiva associada a cateter venoso central tem sido estudada em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI), mas ainda é controverso se o acesso jugular tem maior incidência de complicações infecciosas que o acesso na veia subclávia. OBJETIVO: Comparar índice de infecção entre os aces [...] sos na jugular interna e os na veia subclávia em pacientes internados nas enfermarias de cirurgia. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, descritivo e comparativo com 114 cateteres em 96 pacientes admitidos nas enfermarias de cirurgia de um Hospital Quaternário, tendo como variáveis o local de inserção, número de lumens, tempo de uso, comparando-os com o índice de complicações infecciosas. RESULTADOS: O índice de infecção foi de 9,64% (11 cateteres), sem significância estatística quando comparados o número de lumens (mono versus duplo) e infecção (p=0,274); também sem significância estatística a comparação entre o tempo de uso (>14 dias) e infecção (p=0,156). Comparando os acessos jugular e subclávia, encontramos significância estatística tendo infecção em 17,2% na subclávia e 1,8% na jugular, com p=0,005. Índice de Hemocultura positivo associado a cateter venoso central foi maior no acesso subclávia quando comparado com jugular interna, com OR 11,2, IC95% (1,4-90,9; p=0,023). CONCLUSÕES: O acesso venoso central na jugular interna tem menor risco de infecção se comparado com subclávia em enfermarias. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Positive hemoculture associated with central venous catheters has been studied in intensive care units (ICU), but is still controversial if the internal jugular vein access has a higher incidence of infection than subclavian or femoral vein access. OBJECTIVE: To compare catheter-related [...] bloodstream infection (CABSI) rates between internal jugular and subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards. METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive and comparative study of 114 central venous catheters placed in 96 patients admitted to the surgical wards of a tertiary-care hospital. The following parameters were studied: local of insertion of the catheter (internal jugular versus subclavian), number of lumens (single versus double) and duration of use (longer or shorter than 14 days), in order to determine their influence in CABSI rates. RESULTS: The CABSI rate was 9,64% (11 catheters), with no significant statistical differences regarding the number of lumens (p=0.274), and duration of use (p=0.156). The CABSI rate was higher in the subclavian vein than in the internal jugular vein access (OR 11.2, 95%CI 1.4-90.8; p=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: The internal jugular vein access has a lesser incidence of CABSI than subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards.

Gustavo Lopes Gomes, Siqueira; Walkiria, Hueb; Rodrigo, Contreira; Maria Aparecida, Nogueron; Daniela Muniz, Cancio; Roberto Augusto, Caffaro.

2011-09-01

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Infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada a cateter venoso central (ICSRC) em enfermarias: estudo prospectivo comparativo entre veia subclávia e veia jugular interna / Catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CA-BSI) in wards: a prospective comparative study between subclavian and jugular access  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Hemocultura positiva associada a cateter venoso central tem sido estudada em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI), mas ainda é controverso se o acesso jugular tem maior incidência de complicações infecciosas que o acesso na veia subclávia. OBJETIVO: Comparar índice de infecção entre os aces [...] sos na jugular interna e os na veia subclávia em pacientes internados nas enfermarias de cirurgia. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, descritivo e comparativo com 114 cateteres em 96 pacientes admitidos nas enfermarias de cirurgia de um Hospital Quaternário, tendo como variáveis o local de inserção, número de lumens, tempo de uso, comparando-os com o índice de complicações infecciosas. RESULTADOS: O índice de infecção foi de 9,64% (11 cateteres), sem significância estatística quando comparados o número de lumens (mono versus duplo) e infecção (p=0,274); também sem significância estatística a comparação entre o tempo de uso (>14 dias) e infecção (p=0,156). Comparando os acessos jugular e subclávia, encontramos significância estatística tendo infecção em 17,2% na subclávia e 1,8% na jugular, com p=0,005. Índice de Hemocultura positivo associado a cateter venoso central foi maior no acesso subclávia quando comparado com jugular interna, com OR 11,2, IC95% (1,4-90,9; p=0,023). CONCLUSÕES: O acesso venoso central na jugular interna tem menor risco de infecção se comparado com subclávia em enfermarias. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Positive hemoculture associated with central venous catheters has been studied in intensive care units (ICU), but is still controversial if the internal jugular vein access has a higher incidence of infection than subclavian or femoral vein access. OBJECTIVE: To compare catheter-related [...] bloodstream infection (CABSI) rates between internal jugular and subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards. METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive and comparative study of 114 central venous catheters placed in 96 patients admitted to the surgical wards of a tertiary-care hospital. The following parameters were studied: local of insertion of the catheter (internal jugular versus subclavian), number of lumens (single versus double) and duration of use (longer or shorter than 14 days), in order to determine their influence in CABSI rates. RESULTS: The CABSI rate was 9,64% (11 catheters), with no significant statistical differences regarding the number of lumens (p=0.274), and duration of use (p=0.156). The CABSI rate was higher in the subclavian vein than in the internal jugular vein access (OR 11.2, 95%CI 1.4-90.8; p=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: The internal jugular vein access has a lesser incidence of CABSI than subclavian vein access in patients admitted to surgical wards.

Gustavo Lopes Gomes, Siqueira; Walkiria, Hueb; Rodrigo, Contreira; Maria Aparecida, Nogueron; Daniela Muniz, Cancio; Roberto Augusto, Caffaro.

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Termination of the facial vein into the external jugular vein: an anatomical variation / Terminação da veia facial na veia jugular externa: uma variação anatômica  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Padrões distintos de variações na drenagem venosa já foram observados. Durante a dissecção de rotina em nosso Departamento de Anatomia, observou-se um padrão incomum de drenagem das veias do lado esquerdo da face de um cadáver de meia idade. A veia facial apresentava curso normal de sua origem até a [...] base da mandíbula, e então atravessava a base da mandíbula posteriormente à artéria facial. A seguir, juntava-se à divisão anterior da veia retromandibular para formar a veia facial comum, que drenava diretamente para a veia jugular externa. Um bom conhecimento anatômico da variação descrita acima nas veias faciais é essencial para garantir o sucesso que procedimentos cirúrgicos nessa região. Abstract in english Different patterns of variations in the venous drainage have been observed in the past. During routine dissection in our Department of Anatomy, an unusual drainage pattern of the veins of the left side of the face of a middle aged cadaver was observed. The facial vein presented a normal course from [...] its origin up to the base of mandible, and then it crossed the base of mandible posteriorly to the facial artery. Thereafter, it joined with the anterior division of retromandibular vein to form the common facial vein, which drained into the external jugular vein directly. Sound anatomic knowledge of the above variation in facial veins is essential to the success of surgical procedures in this region.

Suhani Sumalatha, D' Silva; Thejodhar, Pulakunta; Bhagath Kumar, Potu.

2008-06-01

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Termination of the facial vein into the external jugular vein: an anatomical variation Terminação da veia facial na veia jugular externa: uma variação anatômica  

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Full Text Available Different patterns of variations in the venous drainage have been observed in the past. During routine dissection in our Department of Anatomy, an unusual drainage pattern of the veins of the left side of the face of a middle aged cadaver was observed. The facial vein presented a normal course from its origin up to the base of mandible, and then it crossed the base of mandible posteriorly to the facial artery. Thereafter, it joined with the anterior division of retromandibular vein to form the common facial vein, which drained into the external jugular vein directly. Sound anatomic knowledge of the above variation in facial veins is essential to the success of surgical procedures in this region.Padrões distintos de variações na drenagem venosa já foram observados. Durante a dissecção de rotina em nosso Departamento de Anatomia, observou-se um padrão incomum de drenagem das veias do lado esquerdo da face de um cadáver de meia idade. A veia facial apresentava curso normal de sua origem até a base da mandíbula, e então atravessava a base da mandíbula posteriormente à artéria facial. A seguir, juntava-se à divisão anterior da veia retromandibular para formar a veia facial comum, que drenava diretamente para a veia jugular externa. Um bom conhecimento anatômico da variação descrita acima nas veias faciais é essencial para garantir o sucesso que procedimentos cirúrgicos nessa região.

Suhani Sumalatha D'Silva

2008-06-01

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Ressecção de aneurisma venoso em veia jugular externa direita Resection of right external jugular vein aneurysm  

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Full Text Available O aneurisma venoso é uma anomalia rara, cujo diagnóstico pode ser realizado a partir de exames físicos e complementares. Sua raridade justifica a necessidade de investigação e de publicações de estudos de caso, objetivo maior deste estudo. Relata-se aqui o caso de uma paciente que apresentava um abaulamento cervical anterior assintomático, progressivo e com seis meses de evolução. A paciente foi submetida à cervicotomia anterior, sob anestesia geral, com ressecção do segmento venoso acometido e ligadura da veia jugular externa. Realizado o estudo, verificou-se que aneurismas venosos podem causar tromboflebite, embolia pulmonar ou rotura. Cirurgia profilática, quando oferece baixo risco, é cuidadosamente recomendada para pacientes com aneurismas abdominais e altamente recomendada para aneurismas do sistema venoso profundo dos membros inferiores. Outros aneurismas venosos devem ser tratados cirurgicamente quando sintomáticos, desfigurantes ou se apresentarem aumento progressivo.Venous aneurysms are a rare abnormality, usually found in physical or complementary exams. We report a case of a 43-year old female with an asymptomatic and progressive enlarging mass in the neck. She had no history of trauma or cervical puncture. Vascular ultrasound showed a right jugular veins aneurysm with 1,81 x 1,62 cm of diameter. She was undergone resection and ligation of right external jugular vein, under general anesthesia. Venous aneurysm can cause thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism or spontaneous rupture. Prophylactic surgery is cautiously recommended for low-risk patients with venous aneurysms of the abdomen and strongly recommended for most patients with lower extremity deep venous aneurysms. Other venous aneurysms should be excised only if they are symptomatic, enlarging, or disfiguring

Eduardo Pereira Savi

2010-12-01

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Ressecção de aneurisma venoso em veia jugular externa direita / Resection of right external jugular vein aneurysm  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O aneurisma venoso é uma anomalia rara, cujo diagnóstico pode ser realizado a partir de exames físicos e complementares. Sua raridade justifica a necessidade de investigação e de publicações de estudos de caso, objetivo maior deste estudo. Relata-se aqui o caso de uma paciente que apresentava um aba [...] ulamento cervical anterior assintomático, progressivo e com seis meses de evolução. A paciente foi submetida à cervicotomia anterior, sob anestesia geral, com ressecção do segmento venoso acometido e ligadura da veia jugular externa. Realizado o estudo, verificou-se que aneurismas venosos podem causar tromboflebite, embolia pulmonar ou rotura. Cirurgia profilática, quando oferece baixo risco, é cuidadosamente recomendada para pacientes com aneurismas abdominais e altamente recomendada para aneurismas do sistema venoso profundo dos membros inferiores. Outros aneurismas venosos devem ser tratados cirurgicamente quando sintomáticos, desfigurantes ou se apresentarem aumento progressivo. Abstract in english Venous aneurysms are a rare abnormality, usually found in physical or complementary exams. We report a case of a 43-year old female with an asymptomatic and progressive enlarging mass in the neck. She had no history of trauma or cervical puncture. Vascular ultrasound showed a right jugular veins ane [...] urysm with 1,81 x 1,62 cm of diameter. She was undergone resection and ligation of right external jugular vein, under general anesthesia. Venous aneurysm can cause thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism or spontaneous rupture. Prophylactic surgery is cautiously recommended for low-risk patients with venous aneurysms of the abdomen and strongly recommended for most patients with lower extremity deep venous aneurysms. Other venous aneurysms should be excised only if they are symptomatic, enlarging, or disfiguring

Eduardo Pereira, Savi; Fernando, Wagner; Reginaldo, Boppré; Felipe Caetano, Mamprim; Alberto, Boppré.

2010-12-01

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Trombose séptica de seios cavernosos, transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular, associada à meningite, secundária a furúnculo nasal: Relato de Caso Septic thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinuses and jugular vein, associated with meningitis, secondary to nasal furuncle: Case report  

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Full Text Available Os autores descrevem um caso de furúnculo nasal que evoluiu com trombose séptica de seio cavernoso, bilateral e assimétrica, e de seios transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular interna a esquerda, associada à meningite bacteriana, em um paciente previamente hígido. Apesar da trombose séptica extensa de seios venosos, o paciente apresentou boa evolução, após tratamento clínico agressivo com antibióticos, corticosteróides e anticoagulantes. Porém, manteve como seqüela: paresia de VI nervo à esquerda e lesão parcial de nervo óptico homolateral.The authors report a case of nasal furuncle that progressed to septic bilateral and asymmetric thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein, associated with bacterial meningitis, in a previously healthy patient. In spite of the extensive thrombosis, the patient presented a good evolution, after an aggressive clinical treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticoagulants. However, there remained paresis of the VI nerve on the left and partial lesion of the homolateral optic nerve.

Hélio Utida

2002-06-01

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Experiencia Clínica de Enfermería: Canalización de Vena Yugular Externa / Nursing Clinical Experience: Catheterization of External Jugular Vein / Experiência Clínica de Enfermagem: Cateterização da Veia Jugular Externa  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: identificar as complicações que se apresentam e a normativa na gestão do acesso venoso jugular externo, em doentes em estado crítico ou precisando de cuidados intermédios de saúde, hospitalizados nas unidades de cuidados intensivos e cuidados especiais de uma clínica de terceiro nível na c [...] idade de Medellín, 2010. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, prospectivo realizado em 104 doentes; as informações foram coletadas através da observação direta desses doentes e o preenchimento de formulário para coleta de dados. As informações foram analisadas mediante medidas de frequência absoluta e relativa. Resultados: a incidência de complicações foi 26%, das quais a retirada não programada teve a maior frequência (51.9%). O sucesso da cateterização da veia jugular externa foi de (91.3%). 81.7% dos doentes estiveram com o acesso venoso jugular externo canulado até por cinco dias não apresentando complicações na sua estadia. Conclusão: o acesso jugular externo deve ser considerado em doentes difíceis de canalizar podendo ser usado para administrar medicamentos e soluções potencialmente vesicantes ou hiperosmolares. A baixa incidência de complicações permite que esse procedimento seja desenvolvido pelo profissional de enfermagem corretamente treinado; o sucesso da cateterização depende do treinamento prévio do pessoal de cuidados de saúde, porém esse procedimento foi fundamentado na experiência clínica e na formação da graduação sem curso prévio específico para tal técnica. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Identificar las complicaciones que se presentan y las normas en el manejo del acceso venoso yugular externo, en pacientes en estado crítico o que ameriten cuidados intermedios de salud, hospitalizados en las unidades de cuidados intensivos y cuidados especiales de una clínica de tercer niv [...] el de la ciudad de Medellín, 2010. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo, prospectivo realizado en 104 pacientes; la información se recolectó a través de la observación directa de los mismos y el diligenciamiento de un formulario para la recolección de datos. Se analizó la información a través de medidas de frecuencia absoluta y relativa. Resultados: La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 26%, de las cuales, el retiro no programado tuvo la mayor frecuencia (51.9%). El éxito de canalización de la vena yugular externa fue de (91.3%). El 81.7% de los pacientes estuvo con el acceso venoso yugular externo canulado hasta por cinco días sin presentar complicaciones por su estancia. Conclusión: El acceso yugular externo se debe considerar en pacientes que son difíciles de canalizar y se puede utilizar para la administración de medicamentos y soluciones potencialmente vesicantes o hiperosmolares. La baja incidencia en las complicaciones, permiten que este procedimiento lo pueda realizar el profesional de enfermería debidamente entrenado; el éxito de la canalización depende del entrenamiento previo del personal asistencial, sin embargo este procedimiento tuvo como fundamento la experiencia clínica y la formación de pregrado sin previo curso especifico para dicha técnica. Abstract in english Objective: To identify the complications that arise and management standards external jugular venous access in patients in critical care or intermediate health warrant hospitalized in intensive care units and special care from a clinic in third level Medellin, 2010. Methods: Prospective descriptive [...] study conducted in 104 patients, information was collected through direct observation of them and filling out a form for data collection. Data was analyzed through measures of absolute and relative frequency. Results: The incidence of complications was 26%, with unscheduled withdrawal being the most common (51.9%). The success of external jugular vein catheterization was 91.3%. 81.7% of patients with venous access were external jugular cannulated up to 5 days without complications for your stay. Conclusion: e

José Manuel, Flórez Ramos; María Moraima, Arias Restrepo; Andrés Felipe, Tirado Otálvaro.

2013-06-01

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Trombose séptica de seios cavernosos, transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular, associada à meningite, secundária a furúnculo nasal: Relato de Caso / Septic thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinuses and jugular vein, associated with meningitis, secondary to nasal furuncle: Case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores descrevem um caso de furúnculo nasal que evoluiu com trombose séptica de seio cavernoso, bilateral e assimétrica, e de seios transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular interna a esquerda, associada à meningite bacteriana, em um paciente previamente hígido. Apesar da trombose séptica extensa [...] de seios venosos, o paciente apresentou boa evolução, após tratamento clínico agressivo com antibióticos, corticosteróides e anticoagulantes. Porém, manteve como seqüela: paresia de VI nervo à esquerda e lesão parcial de nervo óptico homolateral. Abstract in english The authors report a case of nasal furuncle that progressed to septic bilateral and asymmetric thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein, associated with bacterial meningitis, in a previously healthy patient. In spite of the extensive thrombosis, the patient presen [...] ted a good evolution, after an aggressive clinical treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticoagulants. However, there remained paresis of the VI nerve on the left and partial lesion of the homolateral optic nerve.

Hélio, Utida; Mariza Toledo de, Abreu; Paulo Góis, Manso; Karine, Koller; Stephen, Wang; Carla Reichert, Leite.

2002-06-01

20

Trombose séptica de seios cavernosos, transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular, associada à meningite, secundária a furúnculo nasal: Relato de Caso / Septic thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinuses and jugular vein, associated with meningitis, secondary to nasal furuncle: Case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores descrevem um caso de furúnculo nasal que evoluiu com trombose séptica de seio cavernoso, bilateral e assimétrica, e de seios transverso e sigmóide e de veia jugular interna a esquerda, associada à meningite bacteriana, em um paciente previamente hígido. Apesar da trombose séptica extensa [...] de seios venosos, o paciente apresentou boa evolução, após tratamento clínico agressivo com antibióticos, corticosteróides e anticoagulantes. Porém, manteve como seqüela: paresia de VI nervo à esquerda e lesão parcial de nervo óptico homolateral. Abstract in english The authors report a case of nasal furuncle that progressed to septic bilateral and asymmetric thrombosis of cavernous, transverse, sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein, associated with bacterial meningitis, in a previously healthy patient. In spite of the extensive thrombosis, the patient presen [...] ted a good evolution, after an aggressive clinical treatment with antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticoagulants. However, there remained paresis of the VI nerve on the left and partial lesion of the homolateral optic nerve.

Hélio, Utida; Mariza Toledo de, Abreu; Paulo Góis, Manso; Karine, Koller; Stephen, Wang; Carla Reichert, Leite.

 
 
 
 
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Sistematização da veia cava cranial em búfalos (Bubalus bubalis bubalis Simpson, 1945) / Systematization of the cranial vena cava in buffalos (Bubalus bubalis bubalis Simpson, 1945)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Para o presente trabalho utilizou-se 25 animais, fetos de búfalos, com idades variando entre 5 e 9 meses, sendo 15 fêmeas e 10 machos, com vistas à dissecação e sistematização dos vasos em estudo. Os animais foram coletados em abatedouro e fixados em solução aquosa de formol 10%. Obtiveram-se para a [...] Veia Cava Cranial os seguintes afluentes de origem: veias jugulares externas direita e esquerda, e os afluentes colaterais: as veias jugulares internas direita e esquerda, veias mediastínicas e pericárdicas, veias torácicas internas direita e esquerda, veias tímicas, veias subclávias direita e esquerda, o tronco costocervicovertebral direita esquerda, e ocasionalmente o ducto torácico. Abstract in english Twenty-five animals, Buffaloes fetus, with 5 to 9 months of age (15 females and 10 males) was analyzed by dissection after injected with latex substance. The fetuses were collected in a slaughterhouse and fixed in aqueous formol solution 10%. In the Cranial Vena Cava the following origin tributaries [...] were observed: External right and left jugular veins and their collateral tributaries; the internal right and left jugular veins; the mediastinals and pericardials veins; the internal right and left thoracic; thymic vein; the right and left subclavian vein, the right and left costocervicalvertebral venous trunk, and occasionally the thoracic duct.

Adelmar Afonso de, Amorim Júnior; Maria Angélica, Miglino; Marleyne José Afonso Accioly Lins, Amorim; Tatiana Carlesso dos, Santos.

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Trombose de veia jugular em paciente com anticorpo anticardiolipina e lúpus eritematoso sistêmico / Thrombosis in jugular vein in patient with anticardiolipin antibody and systemic lupus erythematosus  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente com 19 anos de idade, portadora de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, que apresentou edema súbito e progressivo em membro superior esquerdo e dor e circulação colateral visível em região supraclavicular esquerda. Foi realizado diagnóstico de trombose venosa em vei [...] a jugular externa esquerda por meio do dúplex scan. Nos exames laboratoriais, evidenciou-se a presença de anticorpo anticardiolipina. Abstract in english The authors report the case of a 19-year-old patient with systemic lupus erythematosus who presented with sudden and progressive edema in the left upper limb. She suffered from pain and visible collateral circulation in the left supra-clavicle region. Using a duplex scan, a diagnosis of venous throm [...] bosis in the external left jugular vein was made. Laboratory tests proved the existence of anticardiolipin antibody.

Marcel Antônio, Camarosano; Augusto Pereira do, Nascimento Júnior; Marcelo, Casagrande; José Maria Pereira de, Godoy; Domingo Marcolino, Braile; Roberto Acayaba de, Toledo.

2003-08-01

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Estudo da resposta tissular à endoprótese recoberta de jugular bovina em veia cava inferior de suínos Bovine jugular covered stent-graft implanted in swine inferior vena cava - a study of tissue response  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resposta tissular a uma endoprótese, com cobertura biológica heteróloga, implantada em veia cava inferior de suínos. MÉTODO: Desenvolvemos uma endoprótese auto-expansível, revestida com um segmento de jugular bovina, conservada por processo L-hydro e suturada em um stent de aço inoxidável 316L. O dispositivo introdutor utilizado foi a bainha de liberação da endoprótese aórtica Taheri-Leonhardt (Flórida, EUA. Foram implantadas endopróteses em 10 suínos, todas na veia cava infra-renal. Os animais foram submetidos à flebografia peroperatória. À necropsia, após 2 meses, cada endoprótese foi retirada em bloco e analisada macroscopicamente, visando a avaliação da perviedade, aderência aos tecidos vizinhos e incorporação à parede venosa; e, histopatologicamente, visando a resposta histológica ao enxerto. RESULTADOS: Na análise macroscópica, todas as endopróteses encontravam-se pérvias e totalmente incorporadas à parede venosa, porém seis apresentavam trabeculações grosseiras no seu interior e quatro algum grau de fibrose perivascular. Três animais desenvolveram linfocele, uma retroperitoneal e as outras na parede abdominal. No estudo histopatológico, observamos reação inflamatória granulomatosa tipo corpo estranho em todos os casos, sendo predominante na camada média (80%. CONCLUSÃO: O modelo estudado apresentou baixa trombogenicidade, corroborando com a eficácia do meio de conservação e material escolhidos; porém, baixa biocompatibilidade, provavelmente pelo obstáculo imunológico dos xenoenxertos e resposta tissular exagerada do território venoso.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate tissue response to a bovine jugular vein covered stent when implanted in the swine inferior vena cava. METHOD: We developed a self-expanding stent, using a segment of L-hydro conserved bovine jugular vein, which was trimmed and sutured to a 316L stainless steel stent. We used the Taheri-Leonhardt delivery system for aortic stent-graft deployment (Florida, USA. Ten handmade stent-grafts were implanted in 10 swine inferior venae cavae. All animals were submitted to perioperative venography. At necropsy, 2 months later, the stent-grafts were removed en bloc and histopathologic analysis was undertaken, in order to analyze its patency, adherence to neighboring tissues and incorporation to the venous wall, as well as tissue response. RESULTS: All stent-grafts were patent and adherent to venous wall, but six presented with gross trabeculation and four had some degree of perivascular fibrosis at macroscopy. Three animals developed lymphocele, one in the retroperitoneal space and the others in the abdominal wall. At histopathology, we observed chronic inflammatory reaction with foreign body granulomatous response in all cases, with prevalence of the tunica media (80%. CONCLUSION: The model presented low thrombogenicity, which corroborates the efficacy of the chosen means of preservation and material. However, there was low compatibility, probably due to the immunological obstacle of xenografts and exaggerated tissue response of the venous territory.

Cristina Ribeiro Riguetti Pinto

2006-06-01

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Estudo da resposta tissular à endoprótese recoberta de jugular bovina em veia cava inferior de suínos / Bovine jugular covered stent-graft implanted in swine inferior vena cava - a study of tissue response  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resposta tissular a uma endoprótese, com cobertura biológica heteróloga, implantada em veia cava inferior de suínos. MÉTODO: Desenvolvemos uma endoprótese auto-expansível, revestida com um segmento de jugular bovina, conservada por processo L-hydro e suturada em um stent de aço i [...] noxidável 316L. O dispositivo introdutor utilizado foi a bainha de liberação da endoprótese aórtica Taheri-Leonhardt (Flórida, EUA). Foram implantadas endopróteses em 10 suínos, todas na veia cava infra-renal. Os animais foram submetidos à flebografia peroperatória. À necropsia, após 2 meses, cada endoprótese foi retirada em bloco e analisada macroscopicamente, visando a avaliação da perviedade, aderência aos tecidos vizinhos e incorporação à parede venosa; e, histopatologicamente, visando a resposta histológica ao enxerto. RESULTADOS: Na análise macroscópica, todas as endopróteses encontravam-se pérvias e totalmente incorporadas à parede venosa, porém seis apresentavam trabeculações grosseiras no seu interior e quatro algum grau de fibrose perivascular. Três animais desenvolveram linfocele, uma retroperitoneal e as outras na parede abdominal. No estudo histopatológico, observamos reação inflamatória granulomatosa tipo corpo estranho em todos os casos, sendo predominante na camada média (80%). CONCLUSÃO: O modelo estudado apresentou baixa trombogenicidade, corroborando com a eficácia do meio de conservação e material escolhidos; porém, baixa biocompatibilidade, provavelmente pelo obstáculo imunológico dos xenoenxertos e resposta tissular exagerada do território venoso. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate tissue response to a bovine jugular vein covered stent when implanted in the swine inferior vena cava. METHOD: We developed a self-expanding stent, using a segment of L-hydro conserved bovine jugular vein, which was trimmed and sutured to a 316L stainless steel stent. We used [...] the Taheri-Leonhardt delivery system for aortic stent-graft deployment (Florida, USA). Ten handmade stent-grafts were implanted in 10 swine inferior venae cavae. All animals were submitted to perioperative venography. At necropsy, 2 months later, the stent-grafts were removed en bloc and histopathologic analysis was undertaken, in order to analyze its patency, adherence to neighboring tissues and incorporation to the venous wall, as well as tissue response. RESULTS: All stent-grafts were patent and adherent to venous wall, but six presented with gross trabeculation and four had some degree of perivascular fibrosis at macroscopy. Three animals developed lymphocele, one in the retroperitoneal space and the others in the abdominal wall. At histopathology, we observed chronic inflammatory reaction with foreign body granulomatous response in all cases, with prevalence of the tunica media (80%). CONCLUSION: The model presented low thrombogenicity, which corroborates the efficacy of the chosen means of preservation and material. However, there was low compatibility, probably due to the immunological obstacle of xenografts and exaggerated tissue response of the venous territory.

Cristina Ribeiro Riguetti, Pinto; Celso Luiz Muhlethaler, Chouin; Gaudencio, Espinosa Lopez.

2006-06-01

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Central venous access through the external jugular vein in children submitted to bone marrow transplantation  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O estabelecimento de um acesso venoso central de longa duração é uma condição sine qua non para realizar o transplante de medula óssea em crianças. Com frequência, este acesso tem sido obtido através da punção percutânea das veias subclávia e jugular interna ou via dissecção da jugular interna. Com [...] o objetivo de evitar algumas complicações maiores e menores associadas com a subclávia e a jugular interna, os autores descrevem um método simples, fácil e seguro para o acesso venoso central através de dissecção da veia jugular externa. Este método deveria ser de interesse dos leitores envolvidos com o transplante de medula óssea e ser considerado também para crianças e/ou adultos que necessitem de cateter venoso central de longa permanência (externo ou totalmente implantável) devido a outras razões, como a nutrição parenteral ou a administração de agentes quimioterápicos. Abstract in english Establishment of long-term central venous access is a sine qua non step for bone marrow transplantation in children. Most frequently, long-term central venous access has been obtained via blind percutaneous cannulation of subclavian and internal jugular veins or via internal jugular vein cutdown. In [...] order to avoid some potential minor and major complications associated with the subclavian or internal jugular approaches, the authors describe an easy, simple and safe method for central venous access through an external jugular vein cutdown that should be of interest to readers involved in the field of bone marrow transplantation. It should be also considered for children as well as adults needing central venous access via an external catheter - or totally implantable port - for reasons other than bone marrow transplantation, such as total parenteral nutrition and administration of chemotherapeutic agents.

José Luiz de, Godoy; Edson Keity, Otta; Ricardo Atsumori, Miyazaki; Marco Antonio, Bitencourt; Ricardo, Pasquini.

2005-01-01

26

Central venous access through the external jugular vein in children submitted to bone marrow transplantation  

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Full Text Available Establishment of long-term central venous access is a sine qua non step for bone marrow transplantation in children. Most frequently, long-term central venous access has been obtained via blind percutaneous cannulation of subclavian and internal jugular veins or via internal jugular vein cutdown. In order to avoid some potential minor and major complications associated with the subclavian or internal jugular approaches, the authors describe an easy, simple and safe method for central venous access through an external jugular vein cutdown that should be of interest to readers involved in the field of bone marrow transplantation. It should be also considered for children as well as adults needing central venous access via an external catheter - or totally implantable port - for reasons other than bone marrow transplantation, such as total parenteral nutrition and administration of chemotherapeutic agents.O estabelecimento de um acesso venoso central de longa duração é uma condição sine qua non para realizar o transplante de medula óssea em crianças. Com frequência, este acesso tem sido obtido através da punção percutânea das veias subclávia e jugular interna ou via dissecção da jugular interna. Com o objetivo de evitar algumas complicações maiores e menores associadas com a subclávia e a jugular interna, os autores descrevem um método simples, fácil e seguro para o acesso venoso central através de dissecção da veia jugular externa. Este método deveria ser de interesse dos leitores envolvidos com o transplante de medula óssea e ser considerado também para crianças e/ou adultos que necessitem de cateter venoso central de longa permanência (externo ou totalmente implantável devido a outras razões, como a nutrição parenteral ou a administração de agentes quimioterápicos.

José Luiz de Godoy

2005-01-01

27

Central venous access through the external jugular vein in children submitted to bone marrow transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O estabelecimento de um acesso venoso central de longa duração é uma condição sine qua non para realizar o transplante de medula óssea em crianças. Com frequência, este acesso tem sido obtido através da punção percutânea das veias subclávia e jugular interna ou via dissecção da jugular interna. Com [...] o objetivo de evitar algumas complicações maiores e menores associadas com a subclávia e a jugular interna, os autores descrevem um método simples, fácil e seguro para o acesso venoso central através de dissecção da veia jugular externa. Este método deveria ser de interesse dos leitores envolvidos com o transplante de medula óssea e ser considerado também para crianças e/ou adultos que necessitem de cateter venoso central de longa permanência (externo ou totalmente implantável) devido a outras razões, como a nutrição parenteral ou a administração de agentes quimioterápicos. Abstract in english Establishment of long-term central venous access is a sine qua non step for bone marrow transplantation in children. Most frequently, long-term central venous access has been obtained via blind percutaneous cannulation of subclavian and internal jugular veins or via internal jugular vein cutdown. In [...] order to avoid some potential minor and major complications associated with the subclavian or internal jugular approaches, the authors describe an easy, simple and safe method for central venous access through an external jugular vein cutdown that should be of interest to readers involved in the field of bone marrow transplantation. It should be also considered for children as well as adults needing central venous access via an external catheter - or totally implantable port - for reasons other than bone marrow transplantation, such as total parenteral nutrition and administration of chemotherapeutic agents.

José Luiz de, Godoy; Edson Keity, Otta; Ricardo Atsumori, Miyazaki; Marco Antonio, Bitencourt; Ricardo, Pasquini.

28

Trombosis yugular interna bilateral asociada a trombofilia después de la inducción ovárica por infertilidad Bilateral internal jugular thrombosis associated with thrombophilia after ovarian induction for infertility  

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Full Text Available Los eventos tromboembólicos son complicaciones poco frecuentes del tratamiento hormonal de la infertilidad y generalmente están asociados al síndrome de hiperestimulación ovárico (SHO. La trombosis venosa yugular es infrecuente y ante su presencia se debería sospechar la existencia de algún factor predisponente. Describimos una paciente de 31 años, sin antecedentes de importancia, no fumadora, a la cual se le realizó un único ciclo de estimulación hormonal para fertilización in vitro por esterilidad primaria con factor masculino. Durante la octava semana de embarazo gemelar desarrolló una trombosis yugular interna bilateral, en ausencia de SHO u otros factores predisponentes aparentes. En la evaluación para trombofilia se detectó la presencia del Factor V Leiden y la mutación del gen de la protrombina G 20210, que junto con el estímulo hormonal, se interpretaron como los factores predisponentes. Se anticoaguló con heparina de bajo peso molecular. No está recomendado el rastreo sistemático de trombofilia antes del tratamiento hormonal, pero podría ser considerado en pacientes de alto riesgo o en quienes desarrollan trombosis en ausencia de un factor predisponente claro.Thromboembolic events are an infrequent complication of hormonal treatment for infertility and are generally related to the hyperstimulated ovarian syndrome (HOS. Jugular vein thrombosis is an unusual site of thrombosis and when present one should look for a predisposing factor. We describe a 31-year-old woman, with no previous medical history, non-smoker, who received a single cycle of hormonal stimulation for in vitro fertilisation due to primary infertility. During her eighth week of a twin pregnancy, she consulted the emergency room where the diagnosis of bilateral jugular thrombosis was confirmed, in absence of HOS or any known predisposing factor. In subsequent studies, the presence of Factor V Leyden and a mutation of G 20210 prothrombin were found. These, in association to the hormonal stimulus, were considered the risk factors. She received anticoagulation treatment with low molecular weight heparin. Screening tests for thrombophilias before hormonal treatment is not recommended, but one could consider this possibility in high-risk patients or in those who develop thrombosis in the absence of any predisposing factors.

Fernando Vázquez

2002-08-01

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Trombosis yugular interna bilateral asociada a trombofilia después de la inducción ovárica por infertilidad / Bilateral internal jugular thrombosis associated with thrombophilia after ovarian induction for infertility  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los eventos tromboembólicos son complicaciones poco frecuentes del tratamiento hormonal de la infertilidad y generalmente están asociados al síndrome de hiperestimulación ovárico (SHO). La trombosis venosa yugular es infrecuente y ante su presencia se debería sospechar la existencia de algún factor [...] predisponente. Describimos una paciente de 31 años, sin antecedentes de importancia, no fumadora, a la cual se le realizó un único ciclo de estimulación hormonal para fertilización in vitro por esterilidad primaria con factor masculino. Durante la octava semana de embarazo gemelar desarrolló una trombosis yugular interna bilateral, en ausencia de SHO u otros factores predisponentes aparentes. En la evaluación para trombofilia se detectó la presencia del Factor V Leiden y la mutación del gen de la protrombina G 20210, que junto con el estímulo hormonal, se interpretaron como los factores predisponentes. Se anticoaguló con heparina de bajo peso molecular. No está recomendado el rastreo sistemático de trombofilia antes del tratamiento hormonal, pero podría ser considerado en pacientes de alto riesgo o en quienes desarrollan trombosis en ausencia de un factor predisponente claro. Abstract in english Thromboembolic events are an infrequent complication of hormonal treatment for infertility and are generally related to the hyperstimulated ovarian syndrome (HOS). Jugular vein thrombosis is an unusual site of thrombosis and when present one should look for a predisposing factor. We describe a 31-ye [...] ar-old woman, with no previous medical history, non-smoker, who received a single cycle of hormonal stimulation for in vitro fertilisation due to primary infertility. During her eighth week of a twin pregnancy, she consulted the emergency room where the diagnosis of bilateral jugular thrombosis was confirmed, in absence of HOS or any known predisposing factor. In subsequent studies, the presence of Factor V Leyden and a mutation of G 20210 prothrombin were found. These, in association to the hormonal stimulus, were considered the risk factors. She received anticoagulation treatment with low molecular weight heparin. Screening tests for thrombophilias before hormonal treatment is not recommended, but one could consider this possibility in high-risk patients or in those who develop thrombosis in the absence of any predisposing factors.

Fernando, Vázquez; Diana, Penchasky; Inés, De la Parra; Astrid, Pavlovsky; Yolanda, Adamczuk.

2002-08-01

30

Endoprótese revestida de jugular preservada de bovino: estudo comparativo da resposta tecidual em aorta torácica descendente e veia cava inferior de suínos / Bovine preserved jugular covered stent-graft: comparative study of tissue response at swine thoracic descendent aorta and inferior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar e comparar a resposta tecidual de uma endoprótese biosintetica implantada na aorta torácica descendente e veia cava inferior de suínos. MÉTODO: Foi implantada uma endoprótese auto-expansível composta de aço inoxidável, revestida por veia jugular de bovino, processada pelo método L- [...] hydro, com auxilio de uma bainha de liberação Taheri-Leonhardt (Flórida, EUA) na aorta torácica descendente, e a veia cava infra-renal de 10 suínos. Sessenta dias após, as endopróteses foram retiradas e analisadas sob o ponto de vista macro e microscópicos. Foram observados: perviedade, grau de incorporação a parede do vaso, tipo de reação inflamatória, e local de maior resposta, tanto em relação a camada do vaso quanto ao local de contato com o anel de aço RESULTADOS: Todas as endopróteses encontravam-se pérvias, e incorporadas à parede. No setor venoso, seis apresentaram traves fibrosas em sua luz, e quatro apresentaram fibrose perivascular. No setor arterial somente uma prótese apresentou discreta estenose, sem fibrose perivascular. A reação inflamatória crônica tipo corpo estranho ocorreu em 100% das peças, a camada média foi a mais acometida no setor venoso, enquanto a íntima foi mais constante na artéria, o grau de incorporação foi mais firme na veia em comparação a artéria. A reação tecidual mostrou maior tendência nas áreas em intimo contato com o anel de aço (intra-anelar), mais intensa na artéria do que na veia. CONCLUSÃO: A prótese apresentou baixa trombogenicidade em ambos os sistemas, houve maior reação tecidual e baixa biocompatibilidade no setor venoso. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare the tissue response, in swine, to a biosynthetic stent-graft when implanted in both thoracic aorta and inferior vena cava. METHOD: It was used a self-expanding stainless stent, covered by segment of bovine jugular veins, processed by the method L-hydro, and delive [...] red by Taheri-Leonhardt system (Florida, USA) . The implants were done in the descending thoracic aorta, and in the infra-renal vena cava of 10 swines. Sixty days after, the endoprosthesis were removed and analyzed under macro and microscopic view. The following parameters were analyzed: patency, incorporation to the vessel wall, type of inflammatory reaction, tissue response concerning the layer of the vessel as for the contact with the ring steel. RESULTS: All implanted stent-grafts were patent, and incorporated to the vessel wall. Six presented fibrous bars, and four presented perivascular fibrosis at the venous section. At the arterial section, only one prosthesis developed a very small stenosis, without perivascular fibrosis. We observed chronic inflammatory reaction with a foreign body granulomatous response in 100% of the samples, the medium layer was the more prevalent at the vein section, while the intima layer was more constant at the artery, venous incorporation was stronger than artery incorporation, and tissue response was enhanced in the inner contact between the vessel wall and the ring steel. CONCLUSION: The prosthesis in study presented low thrombogenicity in both systems. It was also present, larger tissue response and low biocompatibility at the venous system, and better biocompatibility at the arterial system.

Celso Luiz Muhlethaler, Chouin; Cristina Ribeiro Riguetti, Pinto; Gaudencio Espinosa, Lopez.

2008-08-01

31

Endoprótese revestida de jugular preservada de bovino: estudo comparativo da resposta tecidual em aorta torácica descendente e veia cava inferior de suínos Bovine preserved jugular covered stent-graft: comparative study of tissue response at swine thoracic descendent aorta and inferior vena cava  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar e comparar a resposta tecidual de uma endoprótese biosintetica implantada na aorta torácica descendente e veia cava inferior de suínos. MÉTODO: Foi implantada uma endoprótese auto-expansível composta de aço inoxidável, revestida por veia jugular de bovino, processada pelo método L-hydro, com auxilio de uma bainha de liberação Taheri-Leonhardt (Flórida, EUA na aorta torácica descendente, e a veia cava infra-renal de 10 suínos. Sessenta dias após, as endopróteses foram retiradas e analisadas sob o ponto de vista macro e microscópicos. Foram observados: perviedade, grau de incorporação a parede do vaso, tipo de reação inflamatória, e local de maior resposta, tanto em relação a camada do vaso quanto ao local de contato com o anel de aço RESULTADOS: Todas as endopróteses encontravam-se pérvias, e incorporadas à parede. No setor venoso, seis apresentaram traves fibrosas em sua luz, e quatro apresentaram fibrose perivascular. No setor arterial somente uma prótese apresentou discreta estenose, sem fibrose perivascular. A reação inflamatória crônica tipo corpo estranho ocorreu em 100% das peças, a camada média foi a mais acometida no setor venoso, enquanto a íntima foi mais constante na artéria, o grau de incorporação foi mais firme na veia em comparação a artéria. A reação tecidual mostrou maior tendência nas áreas em intimo contato com o anel de aço (intra-anelar, mais intensa na artéria do que na veia. CONCLUSÃO: A prótese apresentou baixa trombogenicidade em ambos os sistemas, houve maior reação tecidual e baixa biocompatibilidade no setor venoso.BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare the tissue response, in swine, to a biosynthetic stent-graft when implanted in both thoracic aorta and inferior vena cava. METHOD: It was used a self-expanding stainless stent, covered by segment of bovine jugular veins, processed by the method L-hydro, and delivered by Taheri-Leonhardt system (Florida, USA . The implants were done in the descending thoracic aorta, and in the infra-renal vena cava of 10 swines. Sixty days after, the endoprosthesis were removed and analyzed under macro and microscopic view. The following parameters were analyzed: patency, incorporation to the vessel wall, type of inflammatory reaction, tissue response concerning the layer of the vessel as for the contact with the ring steel. RESULTS: All implanted stent-grafts were patent, and incorporated to the vessel wall. Six presented fibrous bars, and four presented perivascular fibrosis at the venous section. At the arterial section, only one prosthesis developed a very small stenosis, without perivascular fibrosis. We observed chronic inflammatory reaction with a foreign body granulomatous response in 100% of the samples, the medium layer was the more prevalent at the vein section, while the intima layer was more constant at the artery, venous incorporation was stronger than artery incorporation, and tissue response was enhanced in the inner contact between the vessel wall and the ring steel. CONCLUSION: The prosthesis in study presented low thrombogenicity in both systems. It was also present, larger tissue response and low biocompatibility at the venous system, and better biocompatibility at the arterial system.

Celso Luiz Muhlethaler Chouin

2008-08-01

32

Correction of carotid-jugular traumatic fistula using a bovine pericardial patch / Correção de fístula traumática carotídeo-jugular com pericárdio bovino  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A fístula carotídeo-jugular é de ocorrência rara, porém habitualmente causa morbimortalidade. Está associada frequentemente a trauma penetrante, principalmente em razão de lesão por projétil de arma de fogo. Relata-se o caso de um paciente vítima de lesão por projétil de arma de fogo na região cervi [...] cal esquerda, o que provocou fístula arteriovenosa carotídeo-jugular com oclusão da artéria carótida comum. Foi realizada correção da fístula com ligadura da veia jugular interna e arteriorrafia com remendo de pericárdio bovino na artéria carótida comum esquerda. Abstract in english Carotid-jugular fistulae are rare, but habitually cause morbidity and mortality. They are often linked with penetrating trauma, primarily caused by gunshots. This report describes the case of a patient who was the victim of a gunshot wound to the left cervical area, provoking a carotid-jugular arter [...] iovenous fistula and occlusion of the common carotid artery. The fistula was corrected by ligature of the internal jugular vein and arteriorrhaphy of the left common carotid artery with a bovine pericardium patch.

Werther Souza, Sales; Fabio Augusto Cypreste, Oliveira; Fabio Henrique Ribeiro de, Souza; Handel Meireles, Borges Filho; Juliano Ricardo Santana, Santos; Marcelo Luiz, Brandão; Paula Sabrina Araujo, Milhomem; Rodrigo Alves, Riemma.

2014-03-01

33

Correction of carotid-jugular traumatic fistula using a bovine pericardial patch / Correção de fístula traumática carotídeo-jugular com pericárdio bovino  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A fístula carotídeo-jugular é de ocorrência rara, porém habitualmente causa morbimortalidade. Está associada frequentemente a trauma penetrante, principalmente em razão de lesão por projétil de arma de fogo. Relata-se o caso de um paciente vítima de lesão por projétil de arma de fogo na região cervi [...] cal esquerda, o que provocou fístula arteriovenosa carotídeo-jugular com oclusão da artéria carótida comum. Foi realizada correção da fístula com ligadura da veia jugular interna e arteriorrafia com remendo de pericárdio bovino na artéria carótida comum esquerda. Abstract in english Carotid-jugular fistulae are rare, but habitually cause morbidity and mortality. They are often linked with penetrating trauma, primarily caused by gunshots. This report describes the case of a patient who was the victim of a gunshot wound to the left cervical area, provoking a carotid-jugular arter [...] iovenous fistula and occlusion of the common carotid artery. The fistula was corrected by ligature of the internal jugular vein and arteriorrhaphy of the left common carotid artery with a bovine pericardium patch.

Werther Souza, Sales; Fabio Augusto Cypreste, Oliveira; Fabio Henrique Ribeiro de, Souza; Handel Meireles, Borges Filho; Juliano Ricardo Santana, Santos; Marcelo Luiz, Brandão; Paula Sabrina Araujo, Milhomem; Rodrigo Alves, Riemma.

34

Flebectasia jugular em crianças: relato de caso Jugular phlebectasia in children: a case report  

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Full Text Available Massas cervicais na infância que aparecem apenas ao esforço físico são raras, tendo como principais diagnósticos diferenciais laringocele, cisto ou tumor do mediastino superior e flebectasia jugular. A flebectasia jugular é uma dilatação sacular ou fusiforme anormal da veia jugular. Relatamos um caso de flebectasia de veia jugular externa em uma criança saudável. Várias hipóteses têm sido propostas para explicar a etiologia da flebectasia jugular, dentre elas, a anormalidade anatômica de sua parede, compressão mecânica da veia braquiocefálica, lesões adquiridas da veia e idiopática. Geralmente, é uma condição assintomática, cujo diagnóstico pode ser estabelecido a partir de uma forte suspeita clínica, sendo comprovado por exames complementares. O tratamento pode ser conservador ou cirúrgico dependendo da sintomatologia.Neck masses that appear only on straining are rare in children and should be differentiated between laryngoceles, superior mediastinal tumors or cysts and jugular phlebectasia. The latter being an abnormal fusiform or saccular dilatation of the jugular vein. We report a case of external jugular phlebectasia in a healthy child. A variety of ethiological hypotheses have been proposed: anatomic abnormality of the vein, mechanical compression of the brachiocephalic vein, acquired lesion of the vein and idiopathic. Most patients are asymptomatic, the diagnosis can be established clinically and confirmed by imaging studies. Conservative or surgery management will be chosen according to the symptoms.

Raquel C. de Oliveira

2004-04-01

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Flebectasia jugular em crianças: relato de caso / Jugular phlebectasia in children: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Massas cervicais na infância que aparecem apenas ao esforço físico são raras, tendo como principais diagnósticos diferenciais laringocele, cisto ou tumor do mediastino superior e flebectasia jugular. A flebectasia jugular é uma dilatação sacular ou fusiforme anormal da veia jugular. Relatamos um cas [...] o de flebectasia de veia jugular externa em uma criança saudável. Várias hipóteses têm sido propostas para explicar a etiologia da flebectasia jugular, dentre elas, a anormalidade anatômica de sua parede, compressão mecânica da veia braquiocefálica, lesões adquiridas da veia e idiopática. Geralmente, é uma condição assintomática, cujo diagnóstico pode ser estabelecido a partir de uma forte suspeita clínica, sendo comprovado por exames complementares. O tratamento pode ser conservador ou cirúrgico dependendo da sintomatologia. Abstract in english Neck masses that appear only on straining are rare in children and should be differentiated between laryngoceles, superior mediastinal tumors or cysts and jugular phlebectasia. The latter being an abnormal fusiform or saccular dilatation of the jugular vein. We report a case of external jugular phle [...] bectasia in a healthy child. A variety of ethiological hypotheses have been proposed: anatomic abnormality of the vein, mechanical compression of the brachiocephalic vein, acquired lesion of the vein and idiopathic. Most patients are asymptomatic, the diagnosis can be established clinically and confirmed by imaging studies. Conservative or surgery management will be chosen according to the symptoms.

Raquel C. de, Oliveira; Claudiane M., Assis; Alexandre R., Coraçari; Fernando D., Molina; José Victor, Maniglia.

2004-04-01

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Comparação entre o laser endovenoso e a fleboextração total da veia safena interna: resultados em médio prazo / Comparison of endovenous laser therapy vs. conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein: midterm results  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar a fotocoagulação endovenosa com laser diodo e a fleboextração total da veia safena interna. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo, controlado e cego de 20 pacientes com varizes sintomáticas e insuficiência bilateral da veia safena interna que foram operados entre março de 200 [...] 2 e fevereiro de 2004. Para cada caso, foram realizadas aleatoriamente (sorteio) as duas técnicas, sendo uma em cada lado. A avaliação pós-operatória consistiu na aplicação de questionários, exame físico e fotografia digital em todos os pacientes desde o 7º dia de pós-operatório. Também foi realizado controle ultra-sonográfico no 30º dia de pós-operatório e pletismografia a ar no 60º dia após a cirurgia. Este projeto foi aprovado pela comissão de ética, e os pacientes foram incluídos ao assinarem o consentimento pós-informação. Os dados foram submetidos a análise estatística com os programas SPSS e SAS. RESULTADOS: A técnica que utilizou o laser endovenoso apresentou dor semelhante, mas menos edema e menos hematoma durante o pós-operatório. O índice de melhora estética e de satisfação com a cirurgia foi de 100% para as duas técnicas, mas a maioria dos pacientes respondeu que o membro operado com o laser foi o mais beneficiado. Houve melhora do tempo de enchimento venoso nos dois grupos, mas sem diferença significativa entre eles. Durante o seguimento (média de 26 meses), houve um caso de parestesia leve e transitória do lado convencional e somente uma recanalização do lado laser. CONCLUSÃO: A fotocoagulação endovenosa para o tratamento da veia safena interna em pacientes com varizes de membros inferiores é segura e apresenta resultados comparáveis aos da fleboextração convencional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare endovenous diode laser photocoagulation and conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein. METHODS: A controlled and blind prospective study of 20 patients with symptomatic varicose veins and bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency who underwent surgery between March [...] 2002 and February 2004. For each case, both techniques were randomly performed, one at each side. The postoperative assessment consisted of questionnaires, physical examination and digital photography of all patients since the 7th postoperative day. Patients also underwent examination with duplex scan at the 30th postoperative day and air plethysmography 60 days after the surgery. This project was approved by the ethics committee, and the patients were included after signing the consent form. All data were submitted to statistical analysis using the software SPSS and SAS. RESULTS:: The endovenous laser technique presented similar pain, but less edema and less hematoma during the postoperative period. The index of esthetic improvement and satisfaction with the surgery was 100% for both techniques, but a minority of patients reported that the limb operated with the laser had better results. There was improvement in venous filling time in both groups, but with no significant difference. During the follow-up (average of 26 months), there was one case of mild and transient paresthesia at the conventional side and only one recanalization at the laser side. CONCLUSION: The endovenous photocoagulation for the treatment of the great saphenous vein in patients with lower limb varicose veins is safe and presents results comparable with the conventional stripping.

Charles Angotti Furtado de, Medeiros.

2006-12-01

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Comparação entre o laser endovenoso e a fleboextração total da veia safena interna: resultados em médio prazo / Comparison of endovenous laser therapy vs. conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein: midterm results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar a fotocoagulação endovenosa com laser diodo e a fleboextração total da veia safena interna. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo, controlado e cego de 20 pacientes com varizes sintomáticas e insuficiência bilateral da veia safena interna que foram operados entre março de 200 [...] 2 e fevereiro de 2004. Para cada caso, foram realizadas aleatoriamente (sorteio) as duas técnicas, sendo uma em cada lado. A avaliação pós-operatória consistiu na aplicação de questionários, exame físico e fotografia digital em todos os pacientes desde o 7º dia de pós-operatório. Também foi realizado controle ultra-sonográfico no 30º dia de pós-operatório e pletismografia a ar no 60º dia após a cirurgia. Este projeto foi aprovado pela comissão de ética, e os pacientes foram incluídos ao assinarem o consentimento pós-informação. Os dados foram submetidos a análise estatística com os programas SPSS e SAS. RESULTADOS: A técnica que utilizou o laser endovenoso apresentou dor semelhante, mas menos edema e menos hematoma durante o pós-operatório. O índice de melhora estética e de satisfação com a cirurgia foi de 100% para as duas técnicas, mas a maioria dos pacientes respondeu que o membro operado com o laser foi o mais beneficiado. Houve melhora do tempo de enchimento venoso nos dois grupos, mas sem diferença significativa entre eles. Durante o seguimento (média de 26 meses), houve um caso de parestesia leve e transitória do lado convencional e somente uma recanalização do lado laser. CONCLUSÃO: A fotocoagulação endovenosa para o tratamento da veia safena interna em pacientes com varizes de membros inferiores é segura e apresenta resultados comparáveis aos da fleboextração convencional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare endovenous diode laser photocoagulation and conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein. METHODS: A controlled and blind prospective study of 20 patients with symptomatic varicose veins and bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency who underwent surgery between March [...] 2002 and February 2004. For each case, both techniques were randomly performed, one at each side. The postoperative assessment consisted of questionnaires, physical examination and digital photography of all patients since the 7th postoperative day. Patients also underwent examination with duplex scan at the 30th postoperative day and air plethysmography 60 days after the surgery. This project was approved by the ethics committee, and the patients were included after signing the consent form. All data were submitted to statistical analysis using the software SPSS and SAS. RESULTS:: The endovenous laser technique presented similar pain, but less edema and less hematoma during the postoperative period. The index of esthetic improvement and satisfaction with the surgery was 100% for both techniques, but a minority of patients reported that the limb operated with the laser had better results. There was improvement in venous filling time in both groups, but with no significant difference. During the follow-up (average of 26 months), there was one case of mild and transient paresthesia at the conventional side and only one recanalization at the laser side. CONCLUSION: The endovenous photocoagulation for the treatment of the great saphenous vein in patients with lower limb varicose veins is safe and presents results comparable with the conventional stripping.

Charles Angotti Furtado de, Medeiros.

38

Enxerto composto de artéria torácica interna esquerda e veia safena magna: estudo angiográfico após oito anos / Left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein as a composite graft: 8-year angiographic follow-up study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O uso de enxerto composto de artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE) com segmentos arteriais ou segmentos de veia safena magna (VSM) pode permitir a revascularização completa do sistema coronariano esquerdo (SCE) sem circulação extracorpórea (CEC) e sem manuseio da aorta ascendente (MAA), como form [...] a de tentar reduzir alguns riscos e complicações no pós-operatório imediato. Neste trabalho, relatamos os resultados angiográficos, após oito anos, de dois pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do SCE com enxerto composto de ATIE e VSM, sem CEC e sem MAA. Abstract in english The use of a composite graft with left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and arterial or saphenous vein (SV) grafts can allow the complete revascularization of the left coronary system (LCS) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and without ascending aorta manipulation (AAM), in order to reduce some co [...] mplications in the immediate postoperative. This study shows 8-year angiographic follow-up results of two patients underwent no-touch aorta off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using LITA and SV as a composite graft to supply LCS.

José Glauco, Lobo Filho; Heraldo Guedis, Lobo Filho; Francisco José Cabral, Mesquita; Jaime Paula Pessoa, Linhares Filho.

2010-03-01

39

Enxerto composto de artéria torácica interna esquerda e veia safena magna: estudo angiográfico após oito anos / Left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein as a composite graft: 8-year angiographic follow-up study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O uso de enxerto composto de artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE) com segmentos arteriais ou segmentos de veia safena magna (VSM) pode permitir a revascularização completa do sistema coronariano esquerdo (SCE) sem circulação extracorpórea (CEC) e sem manuseio da aorta ascendente (MAA), como form [...] a de tentar reduzir alguns riscos e complicações no pós-operatório imediato. Neste trabalho, relatamos os resultados angiográficos, após oito anos, de dois pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do SCE com enxerto composto de ATIE e VSM, sem CEC e sem MAA. Abstract in english The use of a composite graft with left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and arterial or saphenous vein (SV) grafts can allow the complete revascularization of the left coronary system (LCS) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and without ascending aorta manipulation (AAM), in order to reduce some co [...] mplications in the immediate postoperative. This study shows 8-year angiographic follow-up results of two patients underwent no-touch aorta off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using LITA and SV as a composite graft to supply LCS.

José Glauco, Lobo Filho; Heraldo Guedis, Lobo Filho; Francisco José Cabral, Mesquita; Jaime Paula Pessoa, Linhares Filho.

40

Trombosis de la vena yugular interna y mediastinitis aguda necrosante descendente debido a una faringoamigdalitis aguda Thrombosis of the internal jugular vein and descending necrotizing mediastinitis due to acute pharyngotonsilitis  

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Full Text Available El síndrome de Lemierre es una patología muy infrecuente en la época actual, pero muy grave, y siempre debe considerarse ante un cuadro de fiebre con antecedente de infección orofaríngea, tumefacción laterocervical a lo largo del músculo esternocleidomastoideo y signos de sepsis. El diagnóstico de este síndrome es fundamentalmente clínico, y las pruebas complementarias tan sólo ayudan a confirmar el cuadro. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 31 años que acudió a urgencias con clínica de faringoamigdalitis junto con tumefacción en la región submandibular izquierda e importante dolor cervical ipsilateral, que mostró un deterioro rápido y progresivo del estado general pese al tratamiento antibiótico intravenoso. Finalmente tuvo que ser intervenido debido al desarrollo de mediastinitis aguda necrosante descendente desde la región pretiroidea hasta el diafragma, con trombosis de la vena yugular interna izquierda. Se le realizó toracotomía urgente y cervicotomía izquierda con drenaje de abundante material purulento y ligadura de la vena yugular interna.Lemierre syndrome is a potentially fatal condition after an oropharyngeal infection. It is characterized by thrombophlebitis of head and neck veins with systemic dissemination of septic emboli. The diagnosis of this syndrome is mainly clinical and complementary test only serve as aid to confirm it. We report an unusual case of Lemierre syndrome in a 31-year-old man caused by Gemella spp. and Streptococcus pyogenes. It developed following a pharyngotonsillitis infection, which deteriorated rapidly and progressively despite intravenous antibiotic treatment. He finally had to be intervened due to developing acute descending necrotizing mediastinitis from the pre-thyroid region to the diaphragm, with thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. An urgent thoracotomy and left cervicotomy was performed, with drainage of abundant purulent material and ligature of the internal jugular vein. We also discuss its atypical clinical presentation, the crucial role of imaging in the early diagnosis, and the different treatment options of this life-threatening syndrome.

Celia Sánchez Acedo

2010-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Trombosis de la vena yugular interna y mediastinitis aguda necrosante descendente debido a una faringoamigdalitis aguda / Thrombosis of the internal jugular vein and descending necrotizing mediastinitis due to acute pharyngotonsilitis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de Lemierre es una patología muy infrecuente en la época actual, pero muy grave, y siempre debe considerarse ante un cuadro de fiebre con antecedente de infección orofaríngea, tumefacción laterocervical a lo largo del músculo esternocleidomastoideo y signos de sepsis. El diagnóstico de e [...] ste síndrome es fundamentalmente clínico, y las pruebas complementarias tan sólo ayudan a confirmar el cuadro. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 31 años que acudió a urgencias con clínica de faringoamigdalitis junto con tumefacción en la región submandibular izquierda e importante dolor cervical ipsilateral, que mostró un deterioro rápido y progresivo del estado general pese al tratamiento antibiótico intravenoso. Finalmente tuvo que ser intervenido debido al desarrollo de mediastinitis aguda necrosante descendente desde la región pretiroidea hasta el diafragma, con trombosis de la vena yugular interna izquierda. Se le realizó toracotomía urgente y cervicotomía izquierda con drenaje de abundante material purulento y ligadura de la vena yugular interna. Abstract in english Lemierre syndrome is a potentially fatal condition after an oropharyngeal infection. It is characterized by thrombophlebitis of head and neck veins with systemic dissemination of septic emboli. The diagnosis of this syndrome is mainly clinical and complementary test only serve as aid to confirm it. [...] We report an unusual case of Lemierre syndrome in a 31-year-old man caused by Gemella spp. and Streptococcus pyogenes. It developed following a pharyngotonsillitis infection, which deteriorated rapidly and progressively despite intravenous antibiotic treatment. He finally had to be intervened due to developing acute descending necrotizing mediastinitis from the pre-thyroid region to the diaphragm, with thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. An urgent thoracotomy and left cervicotomy was performed, with drainage of abundant purulent material and ligature of the internal jugular vein. We also discuss its atypical clinical presentation, the crucial role of imaging in the early diagnosis, and the different treatment options of this life-threatening syndrome.

Celia, Sánchez Acedo; Pedro Luis, Martos Díaz; Mario F., Muñoz Guerra; Luis, Naval Gías; Francisco J., Rodríguez Campo; Emilio, Martín Díaz.

42

Anastomose entre a artéria carótida externa e a artéria carótida interna supraclinóidea utilizando enxerto de veia safena para tratamento de aneurisma gigante do segmento cavernoso da carótida interna: relato de caso Saphenous vein graft bypass from the external carotid artery to the supraclinoid internal carotid artery to treat a giant aneurysm of the cavernous internal carotid: case report  

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Full Text Available Procedimentos cirúrgicos alternativos para o tratamento de aneurismas "não clipáveis" da carótida intracavernosa incluem ligadura do vaso ou exclusão do segmento que origina a lesão. Essas técnicas estão associadas a riscos de complicações isquêmicas, mesmo em pacientes com sistema de colaterais funcionante. Portanto, um tratamento adequado requer revascularização encefálica para manter o fluxo sanguíneo nos territórios envolvidos. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 47 anos com sintomas e sinais isquêmicos embólicos e paralisia do III nervo craniano causados por aneurisma gigante, parcialmente trombosado, do segmento cavernoso da carótida interna. A paciente foi submetida a ponte anastomótica entre a carótida externa cervical e a carótida interna supraclinoidea utilizando enxerto de veia safena, seguido de exclusão do segmento vascular contendo o aneurisma, com bom resultado e sem complicações.Alternative surgical procedures to treat unclippable aneurysms of the intracavernous carotid artery include proximal vessel occlusion and trapping. Those techniques, even in patients with rich colateral vessels, are associated with risk of hemodynamic compromise and ischemic complications. Therefore, a safe treatment requires revascularization to maintain blood flow to the involved territories. We report the case of a 47-year-old female, with ischemic signs and symptoms and a right third nerve palsy caused by a giant aneurysm, partially trombosed, of the intracavernous carotid artery. The patient was submmited to trapping after a saphenous vein graft bypass from the external carotid artery to the supraclinoid internal carotid artery. The surgical result was good without complications.

Hildo Azevedo Filho

2001-03-01

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Transposition of cephalic vein to rescue hemodialysis access arteriovenous fistula and treat symptomatic central venous obstruction / Transposição de veia cefálica para salvamento de fístula arteriovenosa de hemodiálise e tratamento de obstrução venosa central sintomática  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Sabemos que estenose ou obstrução venosa central ocorre em 20 a 50% dos pacientes que são submetidos à colocação de cateter em veias centrais. Nos pacientes que realizam hemodiálise pelos membros superiores, este problema causa sintomas debilitantes e um grande risco de perda do acesso para hemodiál [...] ise. Relatamos um caso atípico de tratamento em um paciente dialítico com múltiplas comorbidades, queixa de dor e edema severo do membro superior direito (MSD), escassas alternativas de acessos vasculares para hemodiálise e fístula braquiobasílica funcionante do MSD associada à severa hipertensão venosa deste membro, secundária à oclusão venosa central da veia jugular interna e do tronco braquiocefálico direito. O tratamento cirúrgico alternativo foi a transposição da veia cefálica do MSD, formando colar venoso na região cervical anterior, resultando em um bypass sobre o sítio venoso ocluído. Para isso, realizamos a dissecção da veia cefálica no braço direito até a sua junção com a veia axilar, devalvulamos e anastomosamos a veia cefálica na veia jugular externa contralateral, permitindo a drenagem venosa do MSD, aliviando os sintomas da hipertensão venosa e mantendo a fístula braquiobasílica funcionante. Abstract in english It is known that stenosis or central venous obstruction affects 20 to 50% of patients who undergo placement of catheters in central veins. For patients who are given hemodialysis via upper limbs, this problem causes debilitating symptoms and increases the risk of loss of hemodialysis access. We repo [...] rt an atypical case of treatment of a dialysis patient with multiple comorbidities, severe swelling and pain in the right upper limb (RUL), few alternative sites for hemodialysis vascular access, a functioning brachiobasilic fistula in the RUL and severe venous hypertension in the same limb, secondary to central vein occlusion of the internal jugular vein and right brachiocephalic trunk. The alternative surgical treatment chosen was to transpose the RUL cephalic vein, forming a venous necklace at the anterior cervical region, bypassing the site of venous occlusion. In order to achieve this, we dissected the cephalic vein in the right arm to its junction with the axillary vein, devalved the cephalic vein and anastomosed it to the contralateral external jugular vein, providing venous drainage to the RUL, alleviating symptoms of venous hypertension and preserving function of the brachiobasilic fistula.

Felipe Jose, Skupien; Ricardo Zanetti, Gomes; Emerson Hideyoshi, Shimada; Rafael Inacio, Brandao; Suellen Vienscoski, Skupien.

2014-03-01

44

Transposition of cephalic vein to rescue hemodialysis access arteriovenous fistula and treat symptomatic central venous obstruction / Transposição de veia cefálica para salvamento de fístula arteriovenosa de hemodiálise e tratamento de obstrução venosa central sintomática  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Sabemos que estenose ou obstrução venosa central ocorre em 20 a 50% dos pacientes que são submetidos à colocação de cateter em veias centrais. Nos pacientes que realizam hemodiálise pelos membros superiores, este problema causa sintomas debilitantes e um grande risco de perda do acesso para hemodiál [...] ise. Relatamos um caso atípico de tratamento em um paciente dialítico com múltiplas comorbidades, queixa de dor e edema severo do membro superior direito (MSD), escassas alternativas de acessos vasculares para hemodiálise e fístula braquiobasílica funcionante do MSD associada à severa hipertensão venosa deste membro, secundária à oclusão venosa central da veia jugular interna e do tronco braquiocefálico direito. O tratamento cirúrgico alternativo foi a transposição da veia cefálica do MSD, formando colar venoso na região cervical anterior, resultando em um bypass sobre o sítio venoso ocluído. Para isso, realizamos a dissecção da veia cefálica no braço direito até a sua junção com a veia axilar, devalvulamos e anastomosamos a veia cefálica na veia jugular externa contralateral, permitindo a drenagem venosa do MSD, aliviando os sintomas da hipertensão venosa e mantendo a fístula braquiobasílica funcionante. Abstract in english It is known that stenosis or central venous obstruction affects 20 to 50% of patients who undergo placement of catheters in central veins. For patients who are given hemodialysis via upper limbs, this problem causes debilitating symptoms and increases the risk of loss of hemodialysis access. We repo [...] rt an atypical case of treatment of a dialysis patient with multiple comorbidities, severe swelling and pain in the right upper limb (RUL), few alternative sites for hemodialysis vascular access, a functioning brachiobasilic fistula in the RUL and severe venous hypertension in the same limb, secondary to central vein occlusion of the internal jugular vein and right brachiocephalic trunk. The alternative surgical treatment chosen was to transpose the RUL cephalic vein, forming a venous necklace at the anterior cervical region, bypassing the site of venous occlusion. In order to achieve this, we dissected the cephalic vein in the right arm to its junction with the axillary vein, devalved the cephalic vein and anastomosed it to the contralateral external jugular vein, providing venous drainage to the RUL, alleviating symptoms of venous hypertension and preserving function of the brachiobasilic fistula.

Felipe Jose, Skupien; Ricardo Zanetti, Gomes; Emerson Hideyoshi, Shimada; Rafael Inacio, Brandao; Suellen Vienscoski, Skupien.

45

Anastomose entre a artéria carótida externa e a artéria carótida interna supraclinóidea utilizando enxerto de veia safena para tratamento de aneurisma gigante do segmento cavernoso da carótida interna: relato de caso / Saphenous vein graft bypass from the external carotid artery to the supraclinoid internal carotid artery to treat a giant aneurysm of the cavernous internal carotid: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Procedimentos cirúrgicos alternativos para o tratamento de aneurismas "não clipáveis" da carótida intracavernosa incluem ligadura do vaso ou exclusão do segmento que origina a lesão. Essas técnicas estão associadas a riscos de complicações isquêmicas, mesmo em pacientes com sistema de colaterais fun [...] cionante. Portanto, um tratamento adequado requer revascularização encefálica para manter o fluxo sanguíneo nos territórios envolvidos. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 47 anos com sintomas e sinais isquêmicos embólicos e paralisia do III nervo craniano causados por aneurisma gigante, parcialmente trombosado, do segmento cavernoso da carótida interna. A paciente foi submetida a ponte anastomótica entre a carótida externa cervical e a carótida interna supraclinoidea utilizando enxerto de veia safena, seguido de exclusão do segmento vascular contendo o aneurisma, com bom resultado e sem complicações. Abstract in english Alternative surgical procedures to treat unclippable aneurysms of the intracavernous carotid artery include proximal vessel occlusion and trapping. Those techniques, even in patients with rich colateral vessels, are associated with risk of hemodynamic compromise and ischemic complications. Therefore [...] , a safe treatment requires revascularization to maintain blood flow to the involved territories. We report the case of a 47-year-old female, with ischemic signs and symptoms and a right third nerve palsy caused by a giant aneurysm, partially trombosed, of the intracavernous carotid artery. The patient was submmited to trapping after a saphenous vein graft bypass from the external carotid artery to the supraclinoid internal carotid artery. The surgical result was good without complications.

Hildo, Azevedo Filho; Carolina, Martins; Antonio, Carvalho; Sá, Geraldo; Giovanni, Grassi; Claudiana, Cardoso; Gilberto, Vilaça; Cícero, Rodrigues.

46

Doença de Behçet cursando com trombose de veia cava superior / Behçet's disease presenting with superior vena cava thrombosis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A trombose venosa é o principal acometimento do sistema vascular na doença de Behçet, sendo uma complicação freqüente na evolução clínica dessa patologia, e está mais associada ao sexo masculino. Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino que apresentou início da doença há 3 anos com [...] úlceras orais, além de úlceras genitais, e que vem cursando com episódios recorrentes de trombose venosa, sendo a primeira uma trombose venosa profunda no membro inferior direito; a segunda, de jugular interna esquerda; e, por último, uma trombose da veia cava superior. Abstract in english Venous thrombosis is the main hazard to the vascular system in Behçet's disease. It is a frequent complication throughout the clinical evolution of this illness, which is more associated with the male gender. The authors report the case of a female patient with disease onset 3 years ago, showing ora [...] l and genital ulcers presenting with recurring episodes of venous thrombosis. The first one was a deep venous thrombosis in the right leg; the second was in the left internal jugular vein; and finally a superior vena cava thrombosis.

Otacílio Figueiredo da, Silva Júnior; Ricardo Henrique de Sousa, Araújo; Eutília Andrade Medeiros, Freire; Ronaldo Rangel, Travassos Júnior; Thiago Emanuel Rodrigues, Cavalcante; Tarcísio José Pinheiro, Lucena; Norberto de Castro, Nogueira Neto; Alessandra Vanessa de Albuquerque, Melo.

2006-03-01

47

Doença de Behçet cursando com trombose de veia cava superior Behçet's disease presenting with superior vena cava thrombosis  

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Full Text Available A trombose venosa é o principal acometimento do sistema vascular na doença de Behçet, sendo uma complicação freqüente na evolução clínica dessa patologia, e está mais associada ao sexo masculino. Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino que apresentou início da doença há 3 anos com úlceras orais, além de úlceras genitais, e que vem cursando com episódios recorrentes de trombose venosa, sendo a primeira uma trombose venosa profunda no membro inferior direito; a segunda, de jugular interna esquerda; e, por último, uma trombose da veia cava superior.Venous thrombosis is the main hazard to the vascular system in Behçet's disease. It is a frequent complication throughout the clinical evolution of this illness, which is more associated with the male gender. The authors report the case of a female patient with disease onset 3 years ago, showing oral and genital ulcers presenting with recurring episodes of venous thrombosis. The first one was a deep venous thrombosis in the right leg; the second was in the left internal jugular vein; and finally a superior vena cava thrombosis.

Otacílio Figueiredo da Silva Júnior

2006-03-01

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Doença de Behçet cursando com trombose de veia cava superior / Behçet's disease presenting with superior vena cava thrombosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A trombose venosa é o principal acometimento do sistema vascular na doença de Behçet, sendo uma complicação freqüente na evolução clínica dessa patologia, e está mais associada ao sexo masculino. Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino que apresentou início da doença há 3 anos com [...] úlceras orais, além de úlceras genitais, e que vem cursando com episódios recorrentes de trombose venosa, sendo a primeira uma trombose venosa profunda no membro inferior direito; a segunda, de jugular interna esquerda; e, por último, uma trombose da veia cava superior. Abstract in english Venous thrombosis is the main hazard to the vascular system in Behçet's disease. It is a frequent complication throughout the clinical evolution of this illness, which is more associated with the male gender. The authors report the case of a female patient with disease onset 3 years ago, showing ora [...] l and genital ulcers presenting with recurring episodes of venous thrombosis. The first one was a deep venous thrombosis in the right leg; the second was in the left internal jugular vein; and finally a superior vena cava thrombosis.

Otacílio Figueiredo da, Silva Júnior; Ricardo Henrique de Sousa, Araújo; Eutília Andrade Medeiros, Freire; Ronaldo Rangel, Travassos Júnior; Thiago Emanuel Rodrigues, Cavalcante; Tarcísio José Pinheiro, Lucena; Norberto de Castro, Nogueira Neto; Alessandra Vanessa de Albuquerque, Melo.

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Embolia pulmonar séptica secundária à tromboflebite jugular: um caso de síndrome de Lemierre Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to jugular thrombophlebitis: a case of Lemierre's syndrome  

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A síndrome de Lemierre é caracterizada pela infecção aguda da orofaringe, complicada por trombose venosa jugular interna secundária à tromboflebite séptica, e por infecções metastáticas a vários órgãos distantes-mais freqüentemente os pulmões. Relatamos um caso de síndrome de Lemierre em uma mulher de 56 anos que se apresentou com massa cervical à direita e febre. Trombose venosa jugular interna foi demonstrada na ecografia. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax revelou múl...

Denise Rossato Silva; Marcelo Basso Gazzana; Ricardo Albaneze; Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin; Josi Vidart; Nei Gulcó

2008-01-01

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Throbbing tinnitus in aberrant internal carotid artery aggravated by elevation of the jugular bulb. A case report; Pulsierender Tinnitus bei aberranter Arteria carotis interna in Kombination mit Hochstand des Bulbus venae jugularis. Kasuistik  

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Vascular anomalies in the middle ear are rarely observed. They cause no symptoms in the majority of cases, although some may be associated with tinnitus. The false diagnosis of glomus tumour may lead to considerable problems, if surgery is performed. It is therefore necessary that precise pre-operative data are obtained, preferably based on contrast-enhanced computerized tomography. Subsequent 2D and 3D image reconstructions provide further vascular findings regarding the topographic and anatomic factors involved and eliminate the need for invasive angiography of the carotid artery or retrograde jugular venography to make a firm diagnosis. (orig.) [Deutsch] Gefaessanomalien im Mittelohr sind selten. Meist sind sie asymptomatisch, koennen aber assoziiert sein mit Tinnitus. Die Fehldiagnose eines Glomustumors kann im Rahmen einer Operation zu gravierenden Problemen fuehren. Eine exakte praeoperative Abklaerung ist deshalb notwendig und sollte als Computertomographie mit Kontrastmittelgabe durchgefuehrt werden. Die anschliessende 2D- und 3D-Bildwiedergabe klaert die topographisch-anatomischen Gefaessbeziehungen und erlaubt somit die Diagnosestellung ohne die frueher durchgefuehrte invasive Carotisangiographie oder retrograde Jugularisvenographie. (orig.)

Wilhelm, T. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum der Technischen Univ. Muenchen (Germany); Kirsten, R. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum der Technischen Univ. Muenchen (Germany); Kau, R.J. [Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum der Technischen Univ. Muenchen (Germany)

1995-04-01

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Trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty no tratamento da tromboflebite jugular experimental em eqüinos Thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter as a treatment of induced jugular thrombophlebitis in horses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Trombose da veia jugular é problema freqüente na medicina eqüina, implicando muitas vezes em conseqüências fatais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar em eqüinos a aplicabilidade da trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty, técnica rotineiramente empregada pela medicina humana, no restabelecimento da perviedade vascular. Foram utilizados 10 eqüinos divididos em dois grupos de cinco animais, em que se induziu a trombose da veia jugular direita, através do acesso cirúrgico à veia e aplicação de sutura estenosante e injeção de glicose a 50%. No grupo controle avaliou-se a evolução da tromboflebite sem qualquer tipo de intervenção terapêutica. Os animais do grupo tratado foram submetidos à trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty. Foram avaliados os parâmetros clínicos gerais, regionais, ultra-sonográficos e angiográficos, nos momentos pré-indução (M-PRÉ, indução da trombose (MTI e 10 dias de evolução da trombose (M10. A técnica empregada induziu a tromboflebite, que obstruiu completamente um segmento da veia jugular de todos os animais. Os animais do grupo controle mantiveram os trombos obstruindo totalmente o lume vascular até o final do período de avaliação, sendo que avaliações regionais mostraram principalmente o edema parotídeo e o ingurgitamento vascular, cranial à tromboflebite da veia jugular. O grupo tratado apresentou as veias jugulares pérvias ao final do experimento, confirmadas pelos exames ultra-sonográficos e angiográficos, com remissão total dos sinais clínicos. Concluiu-se que a técnica da trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty foi eficiente na desobstrução da veia jugular submetida à trombose experimental.Thrombosis of jugular vein is a common problem in the equine medicine, implying frequently in fatal outcomes. The diagnosis is relatively simple, based on the clinical findings, angiographics images and ultrasonographycs. The therapeutic employed to a large extent of the cases is unsatisfactory. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter in horses. This technique is routinely used in medicine, in the reestablishment of the vascular perviousness. Ten horses were allocated in two groups (five animals each and induced to an unilateral thrombosis of right jugular vein, through the surgical access and an application of stenotic suture and glucose 50% injection. In the control group evolution of the thrombophlebitis without any therapeutical intervention was evaluated. The animals of the treatment group were submitted to the thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter. General clinical parameters were analyzed at the moment of the preinduction (MPRE, induction of thrombosis (MTI, and at the 10th day of thrombosis evolution (M10. The procedure induced thrombophlebitis that completely obstructed a segment of the jugular vein in all animals. In the animals of the control group, the thrombus totally obstructed the vascular lumen until the end of the period of evaluation, and parotid edema and vascular dilated, cranial to the thrombophlebitis of jugular vein were observed. The treatment group presented all veins pervious in the end of the experiment, with total remission of the clinical signs, confirmed by angiographic and ultrasonographic examinations. So far, it was concluded that the technique of thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter was effective in removal of the thrombosis obstruction experimentally induced in the jugular vein.

Carlos A. Hussni

2009-01-01

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Trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty no tratamento da tromboflebite jugular experimental em eqüinos / Thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter as a treatment of induced jugular thrombophlebitis in horses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trombose da veia jugular é problema freqüente na medicina eqüina, implicando muitas vezes em conseqüências fatais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar em eqüinos a aplicabilidade da trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty, técnica rotineiramente empregada pela medicina humana, no restabelecimento da p [...] erviedade vascular. Foram utilizados 10 eqüinos divididos em dois grupos de cinco animais, em que se induziu a trombose da veia jugular direita, através do acesso cirúrgico à veia e aplicação de sutura estenosante e injeção de glicose a 50%. No grupo controle avaliou-se a evolução da tromboflebite sem qualquer tipo de intervenção terapêutica. Os animais do grupo tratado foram submetidos à trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty. Foram avaliados os parâmetros clínicos gerais, regionais, ultra-sonográficos e angiográficos, nos momentos pré-indução (M-PRÉ), indução da trombose (MTI) e 10 dias de evolução da trombose (M10). A técnica empregada induziu a tromboflebite, que obstruiu completamente um segmento da veia jugular de todos os animais. Os animais do grupo controle mantiveram os trombos obstruindo totalmente o lume vascular até o final do período de avaliação, sendo que avaliações regionais mostraram principalmente o edema parotídeo e o ingurgitamento vascular, cranial à tromboflebite da veia jugular. O grupo tratado apresentou as veias jugulares pérvias ao final do experimento, confirmadas pelos exames ultra-sonográficos e angiográficos, com remissão total dos sinais clínicos. Concluiu-se que a técnica da trombectomia com cateter de Fogarty foi eficiente na desobstrução da veia jugular submetida à trombose experimental. Abstract in english Thrombosis of jugular vein is a common problem in the equine medicine, implying frequently in fatal outcomes. The diagnosis is relatively simple, based on the clinical findings, angiographics images and ultrasonographycs. The therapeutic employed to a large extent of the cases is unsatisfactory. The [...] purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter in horses. This technique is routinely used in medicine, in the reestablishment of the vascular perviousness. Ten horses were allocated in two groups (five animals each) and induced to an unilateral thrombosis of right jugular vein, through the surgical access and an application of stenotic suture and glucose 50% injection. In the control group evolution of the thrombophlebitis without any therapeutical intervention was evaluated. The animals of the treatment group were submitted to the thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter. General clinical parameters were analyzed at the moment of the preinduction (MPRE), induction of thrombosis (MTI), and at the 10th day of thrombosis evolution (M10). The procedure induced thrombophlebitis that completely obstructed a segment of the jugular vein in all animals. In the animals of the control group, the thrombus totally obstructed the vascular lumen until the end of the period of evaluation, and parotid edema and vascular dilated, cranial to the thrombophlebitis of jugular vein were observed. The treatment group presented all veins pervious in the end of the experiment, with total remission of the clinical signs, confirmed by angiographic and ultrasonographic examinations. So far, it was concluded that the technique of thrombectomy with Fogarty's catheter was effective in removal of the thrombosis obstruction experimentally induced in the jugular vein.

Carlos A., Hussni; Peterson T., Dornbusch; Winston B., Yoshida; Ana L. G., Alves; José L. M., Nicoletti; Maria J., Mamprim; Luiz C., Vulcano.

2009-01-01

53

Subdiaphragmatic venous stasis and tissular hypoperfusion as sources of metabolic acidosis during passive portal-jugular and caval-jugular bypasses in dogs / Estase venosa subdiafragmática e hipoperfusão tissular como fontes de acidose metabólica durante desvios porta-jugular e cava-jugular passivos em cães  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A descompressão venosa subdiafragmática durante a fase anhepática do transplante ortotópico de fígado em cães atenua a estase de sangue nas veias Porta e Cava Inferior e minimiza a hipoperfusão tissular e a acidose metabólica observadas na oclusão dessas veias. Durante duashoras, seis cães submetido [...] s a desvios porta-jugular e cava-jugular passivos, com permanência do fluxo arterial hepático, foram avaliados através de pH, PCO2, DB e PO2 no sangue portal, da Veia Cava Inferior e arterial sistêmico, bem como por incrementos de DB (DDB) no sangue portal e da Veia Cava Inferior. Os resultados obtidos permitem concluir com uma confiança de 95% que: 1. Não foram constatadas alterações de pH e DB no sangue portal e arterial sistêmico na maioria dos tempos estudados; 2. Houve acidose metabólica no sangue da VCIIH; 3.Os incrementos negativos da DB (DDB) foram mais intensos no sangue da VCIIH do que no sangue da VP, em T10, T30 e T105; e, 4. Ocorreu desoxigenação no sangue portal e da VCIIH. Oacompanhamento do equilíbrio ácido-básico e da oxigenação no sangue venoso subdiafragmático pode constituir uma maneira efetiva de avaliar os desvios porta-jugular e cava-jugular passivos em cães. Abstract in english Subdiafragmatic venous decompression during anhepatic stage of canine orthotopic liver transplantation attenuates portal and caval blood stasis and minimize hipoperfusion and metabolic acidosis observed with occlusion of portal and caval veins. During two hours, six dogs submitted to portal-jugular [...] and caval-jugular passive shunts, with maintenance of arterial hepatic flow, were evaluated for pH, carbon dioxide tension (PCO2), base deficit (BD) and oxygen tension (PO2) in portal, caval and systemic arterial blood, as well as for increments of BD (DBD) in portal and caval blood. With a confidence level of 95%, the results showed that: 1. There were not changes of pH anDBD in portal and systemic arterial blood in the majority of studied times; 2. There was metabolic acidosis in caval blood; 3. The negative increments of BD (DBD) were higher in caval blood than in splancnic venous blood at T10, T30 and T105; and, 4. Deoxigenation of portal and caval blood were detected. Acid-base metabolism and oxigenation monitoring of subdiaphramatic venous blood can constitute an effective way to evaluate experimental passive portal-jugular and caval-jugular bypass in dogs.

Antônio Roberto de Barros, Coelho; Álvaro Antônio Bandeira, Ferraz; Renato Dornelas, Câmara Neto; Ayrton Ponce de, Souza; Edmundo Machado, Ferraz.

2000-06-01

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Enxertos vasculares homólogos e heterólogos conservados em glicerina na fleboplastia da jugular em eqüinos Arterial homograft and venous heterograft conserved in glycerin in the phleboplasty of the jugular in equines  

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Full Text Available Doze eqüinos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos de seis animais (grupos I e II, com a finalidade de estudar a compatibilidade tecidual e a propriedade de indução de trombos de dois tecidos biológicos conservados em glicerina a 98%. Esses tecidos foram usados na restauração da jugular externa e se constituíram de artéria carótida comum homóloga (ACCHo, no grupo I, e veia jugular externa heteróloga (VJEHe, no grupo II. Para a restauração, utilizaram-se duas técnicas de anastomose da jugular, sendo, no grupo I, a técnica de bypass e, no grupo II, a substituição de um segmento da jugular esquerda por meio de anastomose vascular término-terminal. Para avaliar a trombogênese local e a histocompatibilidade, foram realizados exames clínicos, hematológicos, ecoDopplercardiográficos e histológicos dos segmentos vasculares enxertados. Os segmentos foram colhidos após 45 dias da avaliação pós-operatória, tendo a jugular direita como testemunha para os exames histológicos. Ambos os tecidos foram compatíveis quando implantados nos eqüinos, sem processo inflamatório acentuado, indicativo de rejeição. A técnica de bypass não foi eficiente na restauração da jugular, ocorrendo trombose obliterante dos enxertos de ACCHo. A substituição completa do segmento da jugular por VJEHe pode ser viável para o restabelecimento do fluxo sangüíneo da jugular de eqüinos, desde que se mantenha a igualdade dos diâmetros entre o enxerto e o vaso receptor.Twelve horses were randomly divided into two groups of six animals each (groups I and II in order to study the compatibility and trombogenicity of two biological tissues conserved in glycerin at 98% which were used to restore the external jugular. The tissues consisted of arterial homograft - ACCHo (group I and venous heterograft - VJEHe (group II. Two different techniques for jugular anastomosis were performed - bypass in group I and replacement of a segment of the left jugular by means of end to end vascular anastomosis in group II. Clinical, hematological, Doppler ultrasonography, and histological examinations of the grafted vascular segments were conducted to evaluate local trombogenicity and tissue compatibility. All animals had the segments collected after 45 days, being the right jugular used as standard for the histopathological exams. Both tissues were compatible since no serious inflammatory process indicative of rejection took place. The bypass technique was not efficient for jugular restoration because of the occurrence of obliterant trombosys of the ACCHo. The full replacement of a jugular segment by the VJEHe can be feasible in reestablishing blood flow through the jugular of horses as long as the diameters of the grafted tissue and the original blood vessel are kept the same.

D.R. Stainki

2005-02-01

55

Enxertos vasculares homólogos e heterólogos conservados em glicerina na fleboplastia da jugular em eqüinos / Arterial homograft and venous heterograft conserved in glycerin in the phleboplasty of the jugular in equines  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Doze eqüinos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos de seis animais (grupos I e II), com a finalidade de estudar a compatibilidade tecidual e a propriedade de indução de trombos de dois tecidos biológicos conservados em glicerina a 98%. Esses tecidos foram usados na restauração da jugular ext [...] erna e se constituíram de artéria carótida comum homóloga (ACCHo), no grupo I, e veia jugular externa heteróloga (VJEHe), no grupo II. Para a restauração, utilizaram-se duas técnicas de anastomose da jugular, sendo, no grupo I, a técnica de bypass e, no grupo II, a substituição de um segmento da jugular esquerda por meio de anastomose vascular término-terminal. Para avaliar a trombogênese local e a histocompatibilidade, foram realizados exames clínicos, hematológicos, ecoDopplercardiográficos e histológicos dos segmentos vasculares enxertados. Os segmentos foram colhidos após 45 dias da avaliação pós-operatória, tendo a jugular direita como testemunha para os exames histológicos. Ambos os tecidos foram compatíveis quando implantados nos eqüinos, sem processo inflamatório acentuado, indicativo de rejeição. A técnica de bypass não foi eficiente na restauração da jugular, ocorrendo trombose obliterante dos enxertos de ACCHo. A substituição completa do segmento da jugular por VJEHe pode ser viável para o restabelecimento do fluxo sangüíneo da jugular de eqüinos, desde que se mantenha a igualdade dos diâmetros entre o enxerto e o vaso receptor. Abstract in english Twelve horses were randomly divided into two groups of six animals each (groups I and II) in order to study the compatibility and trombogenicity of two biological tissues conserved in glycerin at 98% which were used to restore the external jugular. The tissues consisted of arterial homograft - ACCHo [...] (group I) and venous heterograft - VJEHe (group II). Two different techniques for jugular anastomosis were performed - bypass in group I and replacement of a segment of the left jugular by means of end to end vascular anastomosis in group II. Clinical, hematological, Doppler ultrasonography, and histological examinations of the grafted vascular segments were conducted to evaluate local trombogenicity and tissue compatibility. All animals had the segments collected after 45 days, being the right jugular used as standard for the histopathological exams. Both tissues were compatible since no serious inflammatory process indicative of rejection took place. The bypass technique was not efficient for jugular restoration because of the occurrence of obliterant trombosys of the ACCHo. The full replacement of a jugular segment by the VJEHe can be feasible in reestablishing blood flow through the jugular of horses as long as the diameters of the grafted tissue and the original blood vessel are kept the same.

D.R., Stainki; G.E.S., Alves; A.C., Vasconcelos; M.P., Barbosa; H.P., Oliveira.

2005-02-01

56

Jugular foramen schwannoma: case report  

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Introduction: Lesions of the jugular foramen are uncommon, and the paragangliomas are the most common tumors in this region, followed by schwannomas. Schwannomas are benign tumors, of slow growth and origin mainly in the sensitive cranial nerves. When located in the jugular foramen, the patients present with clinically auditory hearing loss, ataxia and headache, and cranial nerves IX, X and XI alterations are also common. Surgical excision is the therapeutic choice. Case Report: We reported t...

Tavares, Joana R. P.; Sampaio, Andre Luiz Lopes; Ferreira, Denise B. L.; Cavalheiro, Jalusa B.; Arau?jo, Merce?des F. S.; Oliveira, A. C. P.

2009-01-01

57

Metastatic thyroid carcinoma of jugular foramen simulating glomus jugulare tumor : a case report  

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We report a case of hypervascular metastatic thyroid carcinoma of the jugular foramen simulating a glomus jugulare tumor. Computed tomography(CT) revealed areas of irregular lytic bony destruction of the left jugular foramen, as well as characteristic invasion routes of a glomus jugulare tumor. Magnetic resonance(MR) imaging and angiography demonstrated a hypervascular mass similar to a glomus tumor.

Lee, Eun Ja; Yang, Dong Hun; Jung, Chul Ku; Kang, Si Won [Taejon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-12-01

58

Metastatic thyroid carcinoma of jugular foramen simulating glomus jugulare tumor : a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of hypervascular metastatic thyroid carcinoma of the jugular foramen simulating a glomus jugulare tumor. Computed tomography(CT) revealed areas of irregular lytic bony destruction of the left jugular foramen, as well as characteristic invasion routes of a glomus jugulare tumor. Magnetic resonance(MR) imaging and angiography demonstrated a hypervascular mass similar to a glomus tumor

59

Computed tomography of jugular foramen neurinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Four jugular foramen neurinomas studied by computed tomography and verified by surgery originated from the glossopharyngeal nerve. Characteristic CT findings were a mixed low- and isodense extraaxial mass with ring-like enhancement in the cerebellopontine angle; enlargement of the jugular foramen, with smooth margins and a normal internal auditory canal; and an extracranial soft tissue mass extending through the jugular foramen. (author)

60

Jugular foramen schwannoma: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Lesions of the jugular foramen are uncommon, and the paragangliomas are the most common tumors in this region, followed by schwannomas. Schwannomas are benign tumors, of slow growth and origin mainly in the sensitive cranial nerves. When located in the jugular foramen, the patients present with clinically auditory hearing loss, ataxia and headache, and cranial nerves IX, X and XI alterations are also common. Surgical excision is the therapeutic choice. Case Report: We reported the case of a young adult patient who sought the Otorhinolaryngology service at the School Hospital of Brasília for investigation of otalgia and chronic infection in the left ear, associated with tinnitus, hypacusis and tumor in the external ear canal. Initial diagnostic investigation by computed tomography and biopsy was inconclusive. New biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging were performed and definitive diagnosis of jugular foramen schwannoma was given. The lesion was then defined as type D by the classification of Kaye-Pellet, for it involved the jugular foramen, presented format of dumbbell and intra and extracranial components. The patient underwent a craniotomy and partial excision of the tumor. He did not have sequels of the procedure, although the otologic symptoms persisted. Final Comments: This case is an example of a rare disease. No more than two hundred cases have been reported in the literature and the clinical presentation is uncommon. The diagnostic and therapeutic challenge is faced by Otorhinolaryngology and Neurosurgery teams who are scheduling a new combined surgical procedure for a complete excision of the tumor.

Tavares, Joana R. P

2009-03-01

 
 
 
 
61

Veia cava superior esquerda anômala com ausência de veia cava superior direita: achados de imagem  

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Full Text Available A persistência da veia cava superior esquerda com ausência da veia cava superior direita é uma anomalia rara, com menos de 150 casos descritos na literatura. A não-obliteração e regressão da veia cardinal anterior esquerda durante o desenvolvimento embriológico promove uma variação sistêmica de retorno venoso ao cora??ão, com persistência da veia cava superior esquerda. Sua incidência varia de 0,3% em pacientes sem alterações cardíacas congênitas concomitantes a 4,3% naqueles com cardiopatias. Na maioria das vezes coexiste a veia cava superior direita, porém se houver regressão e degeneração da veia cardinal anterior direita, implicará a sua ausência e a drenagem venosa para o coração será feita pela veia cava superior esquerda ao átrio direito, através do seio coronariano. Mostramos um caso de um paciente submetido a radiografia de tórax e tomografia computadorizada para avaliação de doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica, tendo como achado a persistência da veia cava superior esquerda com ausência da direita, sem qualquer cardiopatia associada e com a drenagem cardíaca sendo feita, através do seio coronariano, para o átrio direito.

Araújo Júnior Cyrillo Rodrigues de

2003-01-01

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Intradural jugular foramen tumors Tumores intradurais do forame jugular  

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Eleven patients with jugular foramen lesions with or without extradural extension were operated at University Hospital of Campinas (UNICAMP), in Campinas, Brazil, between 1998 and 2001. Neck dissection, mastoidectomy without transposition of the facial nerve and myofascial flap reconstruction of the cranial base with an especially developed technique were carried out in 7 patients. Four patients were operated using retrosigmoid craniectomy. Total excision was accomplished in 9 cases. All pati...

João Paulo Mattos; Ricardo Ramina; Wilson Borges; Enrico Ghizoni; Fernandes, Yvens B.; Paschoal, Jorge R.; Honorato, Donizeti C.; Guilherme Borges

2004-01-01

63

Differentialdiagnostische Aspekte bei der Bildegebung von Foramen jugulare Tumore  

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Die vorliegende Studie beschreibt und diskutiert die wichtigsten differentialdiagnostischen Aspekte in der Bildgebung von Foramen jugulare Tumore, dessen sorgfältige präoperative Diagnostik essentiell ist für eine genaue chirurgische Planung. Foramen jugulare Tumore lassen sich hinsichtlich ihres Entstehungsortes in primäre und sekundäre Tumore einteilen. Primäre Foramen jugulare Tumore finden sich vor allem im Zentrum des Foramen jugulare. Sekundäre Foramen jugulare Tumore entst...

Altenburger, Monika

2009-01-01

64

Intradural jugular foramen tumors / Tumores intradurais do forame jugular  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Onze pacientes com lesões expansivas do forame jugular associadas ou não a componente extradural foram submetidos a ressecção cirúrgica no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) entre 1998 e 2001. Foi utilizada cirurgia combinada com dissecção do pescoço, mastoidectomia [...] sem transposição do nervo facial e técnica de reconstrução miofascial da base do crânio desenvolvida por um dos autores. Quatro pacientes foram operados via craniectomia retrosigmoidea. Ressecção total foi feita em 9 pacientes, subtotal em um e parcial em outro. Nenhum dos 11 pacientes teve progressão da doença em 2 anos de acompanhamento. Não houve mortalidade. Cinco pacientes tiveram déficits adicionais de nervos cranianos baixos. Nove pacientes mantiveram ou melhoraram suas pontuações de acordo com a escala de Karnofsky. Para adequada abordagem do paciente com tumor de forame jugular, são necessários bom conhecimento anatômico da região, exposição cirúrgica ampla, e técnica de reconstrução eficiente para obter cura com baixas taxas de complicações pós-operatórias. Abstract in english Eleven patients with jugular foramen lesions with or without extradural extension were operated at University Hospital of Campinas (UNICAMP), in Campinas, Brazil, between 1998 and 2001. Neck dissection, mastoidectomy without transposition of the facial nerve and myofascial flap reconstruction of the [...] cranial base with an especially developed technique were carried out in 7 patients. Four patients were operated using retrosigmoid craniectomy. Total excision was accomplished in 9 cases. All patients did not show evidence of disease progression at least after 2 years follow-up. There was no mortality. New lower cranial nerve deficits occurred in 5 patients. Nine maintain or improved their preoperative status based on Karnofsky and Glasgow Outcome Scale. A complex anatomy of this region demand wide exposures for treat those tumors. For this reason, an adequate approach for curative resection of most lesions and an efficient skull base reconstruction decreasing postoperative morbidity are essential.

João Paulo, Mattos; Ricardo, Ramina; Wilson, Borges; Enrico, Ghizoni; Yvens B., Fernandes; Jorge R., Paschoal; Donizeti C., Honorato; Guilherme, Borges.

2004-12-01

65

Slit-like jugular foramen due to abnormal bone growth at jugular fossa  

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An abnormal unilateral blockage of the jugular foramen by a bone growth converting it into a slit was noted in a skull during osteology demonstration classes for medical undergraduates. The left jugular foramen was narrowed by a thick bony projection filling the jugular fossa. This kind of narrowing of the foramen might results in neurovascular symptoms as it transmits important cranial nerves and internal jugular vein. Injury of ninth, tenth and eleventh cranial nerves can occur due to narro...

Budhiraja V; Rastogi R

2010-01-01

66

Jugular bulb diverticulum combined with high jugular bulb: a case report with CT and MRA findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Jugular bulb diverticulum is a rare condition that is characterized by the outpouching of the jugular bulb, and this can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo. A few reports have revealed the radiologic findings about jugular bulb diverticulum, but none of them have described the MRA findings concerning this lesion. We present here the CT and MR venography findings in regards to a large high jugular blub and diverticulum we observed in a 47-year-old woman.

Ko, Seog Wan [College of Medicine, Chonbuk National Univ., Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

2004-12-01

67

Jugular bulb diverticulum combined with high jugular bulb: a case report with CT and MRA findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Jugular bulb diverticulum is a rare condition that is characterized by the outpouching of the jugular bulb, and this can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo. A few reports have revealed the radiologic findings about jugular bulb diverticulum, but none of them have described the MRA findings concerning this lesion. We present here the CT and MR venography findings in regards to a large high jugular blub and diverticulum we observed in a 47-year-old woman

68

Embolia pulmonar séptica secundária à tromboflebite jugular: um caso de síndrome de Lemierre / Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to jugular thrombophlebitis: a case of Lemierre's syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndrome de Lemierre é caracterizada pela infecção aguda da orofaringe, complicada por trombose venosa jugular interna secundária à tromboflebite séptica, e por infecções metastáticas a vários órgãos distantes-mais freqüentemente os pulmões. Relatamos um caso de síndrome de Lemierre em uma mulher [...] de 56 anos que se apresentou com massa cervical à direita e febre. Trombose venosa jugular interna foi demonstrada na ecografia. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax revelou múltiplas opacidades em ambos os pulmões. Uma biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica foi realizada por suspeita de metástases pulmonares. O exame anatomopatológico revelou êmbolos sépticos em parênquima pulmonar. Retrospectivamente, a paciente relatou história de faringite duas semanas antes da hospitalização. Após o diagnóstico, foi tratada com antibióticos de amplo espectro (cefuroxima por 7 dias e azitromicina por 5 dias e, posteriormente, devido à persistência de febre, cefepime por 7 dias). A tomografia computadorizada de tórax, realizada um mês após, mostrou resolução das opacidades. Abstract in english Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute oropharyngeal infection, complicated by internal jugular venous thrombosis secondary to septic thrombophlebitis, and by metastatic infections in various distant organs-most commonly in the lungs. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in a 56-year-old f [...] emale who presented with right-sided neck mass and fever. Right internal jugular venous thrombosis was demonstrated on an ultrasound. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed multiple opacities throughout both lungs. An open surgical biopsy was performed due to suspicion of pulmonary metastases. Anatomopathological examination revealed septic emboli in lung parenchyma. Retrospectively, the patient reported a history of pharyngitis two weeks prior to hospitalization. After the diagnosis had been made, the patient was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics (cefuroxime for 7 days and azithromycin for 5 days; subsequently, because fever persisted, cefepime for 7 days). One month later, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed resolution of the opacities.

Denise Rossato, Silva; Marcelo Basso, Gazzana; Ricardo, Albaneze; Paulo de Tarso Roth, Dalcin; Josi, Vidart; Nei, Gulcó.

1079-10-01

69

Embolia pulmonar séptica secundária à tromboflebite jugular: um caso de síndrome de Lemierre Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to jugular thrombophlebitis: a case of Lemierre's syndrome  

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Full Text Available A síndrome de Lemierre é caracterizada pela infecção aguda da orofaringe, complicada por trombose venosa jugular interna secundária à tromboflebite séptica, e por infecções metastáticas a vários órgãos distantes-mais freqüentemente os pulmões. Relatamos um caso de síndrome de Lemierre em uma mulher de 56 anos que se apresentou com massa cervical à direita e febre. Trombose venosa jugular interna foi demonstrada na ecografia. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax revelou múltiplas opacidades em ambos os pulmões. Uma biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica foi realizada por suspeita de metástases pulmonares. O exame anatomopatológico revelou êmbolos sépticos em parênquima pulmonar. Retrospectivamente, a paciente relatou história de faringite duas semanas antes da hospitalização. Após o diagnóstico, foi tratada com antibióticos de amplo espectro (cefuroxima por 7 dias e azitromicina por 5 dias e, posteriormente, devido à persistência de febre, cefepime por 7 dias. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax, realizada um mês após, mostrou resolução das opacidades.Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute oropharyngeal infection, complicated by internal jugular venous thrombosis secondary to septic thrombophlebitis, and by metastatic infections in various distant organs-most commonly in the lungs. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in a 56-year-old female who presented with right-sided neck mass and fever. Right internal jugular venous thrombosis was demonstrated on an ultrasound. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed multiple opacities throughout both lungs. An open surgical biopsy was performed due to suspicion of pulmonary metastases. Anatomopathological examination revealed septic emboli in lung parenchyma. Retrospectively, the patient reported a history of pharyngitis two weeks prior to hospitalization. After the diagnosis had been made, the patient was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics (cefuroxime for 7 days and azithromycin for 5 days; subsequently, because fever persisted, cefepime for 7 days. One month later, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed resolution of the opacities.

Denise Rossato Silva

2008-12-01

70

Embolia pulmonar séptica secundária à tromboflebite jugular: um caso de síndrome de Lemierre / Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to jugular thrombophlebitis: a case of Lemierre's syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndrome de Lemierre é caracterizada pela infecção aguda da orofaringe, complicada por trombose venosa jugular interna secundária à tromboflebite séptica, e por infecções metastáticas a vários órgãos distantes-mais freqüentemente os pulmões. Relatamos um caso de síndrome de Lemierre em uma mulher [...] de 56 anos que se apresentou com massa cervical à direita e febre. Trombose venosa jugular interna foi demonstrada na ecografia. A tomografia computadorizada de tórax revelou múltiplas opacidades em ambos os pulmões. Uma biópsia pulmonar cirúrgica foi realizada por suspeita de metástases pulmonares. O exame anatomopatológico revelou êmbolos sépticos em parênquima pulmonar. Retrospectivamente, a paciente relatou história de faringite duas semanas antes da hospitalização. Após o diagnóstico, foi tratada com antibióticos de amplo espectro (cefuroxima por 7 dias e azitromicina por 5 dias e, posteriormente, devido à persistência de febre, cefepime por 7 dias). A tomografia computadorizada de tórax, realizada um mês após, mostrou resolução das opacidades. Abstract in english Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute oropharyngeal infection, complicated by internal jugular venous thrombosis secondary to septic thrombophlebitis, and by metastatic infections in various distant organs-most commonly in the lungs. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in a 56-year-old f [...] emale who presented with right-sided neck mass and fever. Right internal jugular venous thrombosis was demonstrated on an ultrasound. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed multiple opacities throughout both lungs. An open surgical biopsy was performed due to suspicion of pulmonary metastases. Anatomopathological examination revealed septic emboli in lung parenchyma. Retrospectively, the patient reported a history of pharyngitis two weeks prior to hospitalization. After the diagnosis had been made, the patient was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics (cefuroxime for 7 days and azithromycin for 5 days; subsequently, because fever persisted, cefepime for 7 days). One month later, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed resolution of the opacities.

Denise Rossato, Silva; Marcelo Basso, Gazzana; Ricardo, Albaneze; Paulo de Tarso Roth, Dalcin; Josi, Vidart; Nei, Gulcó.

71

Slit-like jugular foramen due to abnormal bone growth at jugular fossa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An abnormal unilateral blockage of the jugular foramen by a bone growth converting it into a slit was noted in a skull during osteology demonstration classes for medical undergraduates. The left jugular foramen was narrowed by a thick bony projection filling the jugular fossa. This kind of narrowing of the foramen might results in neurovascular symptoms as it transmits important cranial nerves and internal jugular vein. Injury of ninth, tenth and eleventh cranial nerves can occur due to narrowing of jugular foramen know as Vernet’s syndrome is discussed along with case.

Budhiraja V

2010-05-01

72

Differential Diagnosis of Jugular Foramen Lesions  

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The anatomy of the jugular foramen is complex. It contains the lower cranial nerves and major vascular structures. Tumors that develop within it, or extend into it, provide significant diagnostic and surgical challenges. In this article, we describe the anatomy of the jugular foramen and outline an imaging protocol that can differentiate between lesions, thereby aiding diagnosis and facilitating management.

Vogl, Thomas J.; Bisdas, Sotirios

2009-01-01

73

Motores de combustão interna  

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Este livro é a primeira obra extensa em lingua Portuguesa sobre motores de combustão interna, nomeadamente os de tracção automóvel. Embora tenha sido escrita como um elemento de estudo para alunos universitários de Engenheria mecânica, pretende também ser uma obra de referência para mecânicos, engenheiros ou aficcionados por automóveis e/ou motores. Está dividido em 11 capítulos, incluindo a descrição de motores e a história da sua evolução até aos nossos dias. Contém...

Martins, Jorge

2006-01-01

74

Trauma da Veia Porta / Portal vein injury  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O trauma da veia porta é raro e freqüentemente fatal por causa de exsanguinação e alta incidência de lesões de estruturas adjacentes. Devido às pecualiaridades desta lesão e diferentes condutas propostas na literatura, o objetivo dos autores é relatar a experiência neste tipo de lesão. MÉT [...] ODO: Estudo retrospectivo, de janeiro de 1994 e dezembro de 2001, de 1370 pacientes submetidos à laparotomia devido trauma abdominal. Entre esses, 15 pacientes apresentavam lesão da veia porta. As lesões foram classificadas conforme a sua extensão e localização. RESULTADOS: O mecanismo de trauma predominante foi o penetrante. O diagnóstico da lesão foi realizado no intraoperatório. Os procedimentos executados foram: sutura, anastomose término-terminal e ligadura da veia porta. A mortalidade foi de 53,3%. CONCLUSÃO: A lesão da veia porta possui alta taxa de mortalidade e o atendimento adequado está diretamente relacionado à sobrevida. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Portal vein injury is rare and frequently lethal because of exsanguination and high incidence of injuries to the adjacent structures. Due the peculiarity of this lesion and different conducts proposed in the literature, the authors' objetive is to report their experience in the treatment [...] of this lesion. METHODS: This study, is a retrospective analysis between January 1994 and December 2001, during which 1370 patients were treated with laparotomy for isolated abdominal trauma. Among these patients 15 had injury to the portal vein. The injuries were classified according to extension and location. RESULTS: The predominant mechanism of trauma was penetrating. The diagnosis was made intraoperatively. The procedures were: suture, end-to-end anastomosis and ligation of the portal vein. The mortality rate was 53,3%. CONCLUSION: Portal vein lesion had high mortality and advanced assistance is essential to increase survivors.

Gustavo Pereira, Fraga; Mario, Mantovani; Elcio Shiyoiti, Hirano; Raquel Franco, Leal.

75

Trauma da Veia Porta Portal vein injury  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O trauma da veia porta é raro e freqüentemente fatal por causa de exsanguinação e alta incidência de lesões de estruturas adjacentes. Devido às pecualiaridades desta lesão e diferentes condutas propostas na literatura, o objetivo dos autores é relatar a experiência neste tipo de lesão. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo, de janeiro de 1994 e dezembro de 2001, de 1370 pacientes submetidos à laparotomia devido trauma abdominal. Entre esses, 15 pacientes apresentavam lesão da veia porta. As lesões foram classificadas conforme a sua extensão e localização. RESULTADOS: O mecanismo de trauma predominante foi o penetrante. O diagnóstico da lesão foi realizado no intraoperatório. Os procedimentos executados foram: sutura, anastomose término-terminal e ligadura da veia porta. A mortalidade foi de 53,3%. CONCLUSÃO: A lesão da veia porta possui alta taxa de mortalidade e o atendimento adequado está diretamente relacionado à sobrevida.BACKGROUND: Portal vein injury is rare and frequently lethal because of exsanguination and high incidence of injuries to the adjacent structures. Due the peculiarity of this lesion and different conducts proposed in the literature, the authors' objetive is to report their experience in the treatment of this lesion. METHODS: This study, is a retrospective analysis between January 1994 and December 2001, during which 1370 patients were treated with laparotomy for isolated abdominal trauma. Among these patients 15 had injury to the portal vein. The injuries were classified according to extension and location. RESULTS: The predominant mechanism of trauma was penetrating. The diagnosis was made intraoperatively. The procedures were: suture, end-to-end anastomosis and ligation of the portal vein. The mortality rate was 53,3%. CONCLUSION: Portal vein lesion had high mortality and advanced assistance is essential to increase survivors.

Gustavo Pereira Fraga

2003-02-01

76

Anatomic study of portal vein: transpancreatic vessels injuries approach / Estudo anatômico da veia porta-hepática: abordagem cirúrgica portal transpancreática  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Introdução: No trauma abdominal, o comprometimento dos grandes vasos constitui uma situação de grande complexidade com altos índices de complicações e mortalidade. Nestes pacientes, a lesão da veia porta-hepática tem interesse em razão da dificuldade no diagnóstico e na abordagem cirúrgica. Objetivo [...] : Padronizar o plano de transecção do pâncreas visando o acesso cirúrgico mais seguro para os reparos das lesões da veia porta-hepática. Métodos: Procedeu-se à uma análise quantitativa para caracterizar a relação anatômica da veia porta-hepática e suas tributárias relacionando-as com o pâncreas. Nestes cadáveres, estudou-se as medidas de um triângulo anatômico que tem como base o limite superior da veia mesentérica superior e porção inicial da veia porta; como ápice, um ponto localizado no limite superior da confluência das veias esplênica e mesentérica superior, situado na linha média da veia mesentérica superior. Resultados: A veia porta-hepática é formada a 3.24cm da borda interna do arco duodenal numa localização que dista 1.61cm e 1.07 das bordas inferior e superior do pâncreas, respectivamente. Conclusão: O presente estudo nos permite concluir que, para se fazer o acesso à origem da veia porta-hepática, em caso de trauma deste vaso, deve-se proceder a secção do colo do pâncreas junto à veia mesentérica superior, pois a confluência entre ela e a veia esplênica ocorre, em média, a 1.07cm da borda superior da glândula, e a 1.61cm de sua borda inferior. Abstract in english Introduction: The commitment of the great blood-vessels make up a situation of great complexity and a high rate of the complications and mortality patients with abdominal trauma. The injury of the portal vein matters because of the difficulty on the diagnosis and the approach surgery. Objective: To [...] set the standard on the transverse section of the pancreas looking for a safer surgical access to repair the portal vein injuries. Methods: A quantitative analysis was performed to characterize the anatomical relationship between the portal vein and their tributaries relating them to the pancreas. On these corpses, the measurements of a anatomical triangle were studied. It base was the upper limit of the superior mesenteric vein and the initial portion of the portal vein; the apex, a point located on the upper limit of the confluence of the splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein, situated at the middle line of the superior mesenteric_ vein. Results: The portal vein is formed 3.24cm from the internal border of the duodenal arc at a distance of 1.61cm and 1.07 from the inferior and superior pancreas borders, respectively. Conclusion: The present study allow us to conclude that, to have access to the origin of the portal vein, in case of trauma of this vessel, one should proceed a transverse section of the neck of the pancreas next to the superior mesenteric vein, because its confluence with splenic vein occur, on average, 1.07cm and 1.61cm from the superior and inferior border of the gland, respectively.

Mario, Mantovani; Raquel Franco, Leal; Mauro José, Fontelles.

77

Jugular foramen: anatomic and computed tomographic study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the jugular foramen was examined in detail, and anatomic and CT sections were correlated. The pars nervosa and pars vascularis were identified, and, with intravenous contrast enhancement, a rapid sequence of scans at a gantry angle of +300 to the canthomeatal line demonstrated cranial nerves IX, X, and XI. The osseous margins of the jugular foramen were best shown by CT at planes of sections parallel and positive (00-300) to the canthomeatal line. CT can be used to evaluate osseous anatomy and the jugular foramen with precision sufficient to confidently exclude an intracanalicular mass

78

Jugular foramen: anatomic and computed tomographic study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the jugular foramen was examined in detail, and anatomic and CT sections were correlated. The pars nervosa and pars vascularis were identified, and, with intravenous contrast enhancement, a rapid sequence of scans at a gantry angle of +30/sup 0/ to the canthomeatal line demonstrated cranial nerves IX, X, and XI. The osseous margins of the jugular foramen were best shown by CT at planes of sections parallel and positive (0/sup 0/-30/sup 0/) to the canthomeatal line. CT can be used to evaluate osseous anatomy and the jugular foramen with precision sufficient to confidently exclude an intracanalicular mass.

Daniels, D.L.; Williams, A.L.; Haughton, V.M.

1984-01-01

79

CT diagnosis of glomus-jugulare tumours  

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Glomus-jugulare tumours (chemodectomas, non-chromaffin paragangliomas) are semi-malignant tumours arising from the glomus structures of the jugular bulb. They are soft tissue tumours which usually expand the jugular foramen and destroy its bony margins. Conventional methods of examination are therefore very effective. However, they only demonstrate the bone destruction and are therefore an indirect method for showing the tumour. The actual size and extent of the tumour, which are important for the surgeon or radiotherapist, cannot be demonstrated by simple X-rays. Computer tomography is very effective in the diagnosis of soft tissue lesions in the skull. CT is therefore of great importance in the diagnosis of glomus-jugulare tumours.

Schadel, A.; Thiede, G.; Galanski, M.

1982-03-01

80

CT diagnosis of glomus-jugulare tumours  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Glomus-jugulare tumours (chemodectomas, non-chromaffin paragangliomas) are semi-malignant tumours arising from the glomus structures of the jugular bulb. They are soft tissue tumours which usually expand the jugular foramen and destroy its bony margins. Conventional methods of examination are therefore very effective. However, they only demonstrate the bone destruction and are therefore an indirect method for showing the tumour. The actual size and extent of the tumour, which are important for the surgeon or radiotherapist, cannot be demonstrated by simple X-rays. Computer tomography is very effective in the diagnosis of soft tissue lesions in the skull. CT is therefore of great importance in the diagnosis of glomus-jugulare tumours. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
81

Langerhans cell histiocytosis in the jugular foramen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease of neoplastic proliferation of monocyte-macrophage system. Although LCH can affect almost any organ, solitary involvement of jugular foramen is extremely rare and can present a diagnostic dilemma because of its rarity at this location. Here, we present the case of an adult patient with LCH affecting the jugular foramen, and review the relevant literature. PMID:24821645

Daming, Cui; Yajun, Xue; Zhaoli, Shen; Rui, Shen; Meiqing, Lou

2014-01-01

82

Rehabilitation after Treatment for Jugular Foramen Lesions  

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Swallowing problems following jugular foramen surgery are more common than is often acknowledged and affect up to a third of our patients. They have a significant effect on quality of life. We have become more proactive in this respect and anticipate these problems before they become established. In this article we present our management protocol that has evolved over the past 30 years as a result of our experience treating 134 glomus jugulare tumors. Our current protocol involves a thorough ...

Cheesman, A. D.; Kelly, Annette M.

2009-01-01

83

External jugular venous aneurysm: A clinical curiosity  

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Jugular venous aneurysm is an extremely rare condition. The patients presented with a painless swelling in the neck that appears while coughing, straining, bending, or breath holding. Detection of a soft and compressible swelling in the course of an external jugular vein (EJV) superficial to the sternomastoid muscle, non-filling on compression of the EJV during Valsalva maneuver clinches the diagnosis of EJV aneurysm. Color Doppler ultrasound allows precise delineation of the lesion and is co...

Mohanty, Debajyoti; Jain, Bhupendra Kumar; Garg, Pankaj Kumar; Tandon, Anupama

2013-01-01

84

External jugular venous aneurysm: A clinical curiosity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jugular venous aneurysm is an extremely rare condition. The patients presented with a painless swelling in the neck that appears while coughing, straining, bending, or breath holding. Detection of a soft and compressible swelling in the course of an external jugular vein (EJV) superficial to the sternomastoid muscle, non-filling on compression of the EJV during Valsalva maneuver clinches the diagnosis of EJV aneurysm. Color Doppler ultrasound allows precise delineation of the lesion and is considered the gold standard for confirming the diagnosis. Surgical excision is indicated mostly for cosmetic reasons and symptomatic aneurysms. We, herein, report a patient with saccular external jugular venous aneurysm to highlight the typical clinical presentation and diagnosis of this rare entity. PMID:23633867

Mohanty, Debajyoti; Jain, Bhupendra Kumar; Garg, Pankaj Kumar; Tandon, Anupama

2013-01-01

85

Gamma knife radiosurgery for jugular foramen schwannomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jugular foramen schwannomas are very rare tumors. Advances in skull base surgery have led to more aggressive resection of these tumors, but surgery may associate with development of new neurological deficits. In this report, we analyze the long-term results for 17 patients with newly diagnosed or residual/recurrent jugular foramen schwannoma who underwent gamma-knife treatment. During a mean 64 months of follow-up, magnetic resonance imaging revealed reduced tumor size in 13 cases and no size change in four cases. The tumor growth control rate was 100% and only one patient had transient hoarseness. For patients who have small- to moderate-sized jugular foramen schwannomas, gamma-knife radiosurgery is associated with good tumor control and carries minimal risk of adverse radiation effects. PMID:22395434

Peker, Selçuk; Sengöz, Meriç; K?l?ç, Türker; Pamir, M Necmettin

2012-10-01

86

Internal jugular vein thrombosis: an uncommon presentation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Internal jugular vein (IJV) thrombosis is a rare entity. It is usually secondary to various etiologies such as ovarian hyperstimulation, deep vein thrombosis of upper limbs, venous catheter, malignancy, trauma, infection, and neck surgery and hypercoagulable status. We report an unusual case of internal jugular vein thrombosis with cerebral sinus thrombosis, postpartum in a 22-year-old female patient who presented with a painful swelling on the left side of her neck. Diagnosis was established by color Doppler ultrasonography and magnetic resonance venography. Thorough evaluation of the patient revealed no etiological factor leading to thrombosis. Patient was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin. PMID:23518847

Mittal, Sachin; Garg, Pradeep; Verma, Surender; Bhoriwal, Sandeep; Aggarwal, Sourabh

2013-03-21

87

Ataques isquêmicos transitórios em paciente com síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso Transient ischemic attacks in a patient with superior vena cava obstruction: case report  

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Full Text Available A síndrome da veia cava superior (SVCS é condição relativamente rara. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 42 anos, masculino, hipertenso há 15 anos, que evoluiu com dor cervical e torácica há um um ano, sendo evidenciada oclusão de 95% da coronária direita. Submetido a angioplastia, porém com persistência da dor torácica. Posteriormente evoluiu com episódios recorrentes de hemiplegia à direita associados a crises hipertensivas, que melhoravam com medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Pela presença de coloração vinhosa na face e acentuação durante os períodos de ataques isquêmicos transitórios, foi feita a suspeita diagnóstica de provável acometimento do sistema de drenagem venosa, confirmada à venografia pelo achado de dilatação da veia jugular direita e imagem de estreitamento importante na junção com a veia cava superior. Em conclusão, não foi possível definir com certeza a relação entre as duas patologias no caso aqui apresentado, porém chamou a atenção a melhora dos sintomas neurológicos após o controle da SVCS com o tratamento instituído.The superior vena cava obstruction is a relatively rare condition. We report the case of a 42 year old man suffering of hypertension for about fifteen years. He reported a cervical and thoracic pain for one year, that was related to a 95% of occlusion on the right coronary artery. An angioplasty has been done but the patient still related the thoracic pain. Afterwards the patient had recurrent episodes of right hemiplegia and hypertensive emergencies that have been treated with anti-hypertensive agents. A venous disease was suspected because of cyanosis in the face especially when episodes of transient ischemic attacks occurred. A venography showed obstruction of the right jugular vein near the junction with the superior vena cava. In conclusion, it was not possible to define with certainty the relationship between the two pathologies presented by the patient, even so, we call attention to the improvement of the neurological symptoms after the control of superior vena cava obstruction with the treatment.

ANTÔNIO S. ANDRADE-FILHO

1998-09-01

88

Computed tomography of jugular foramen neurinomas. Report of four cases  

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Four jugular foramen neurinomas studied by computed tomography and verified by surgery originated from the glossopharyngeal nerve. Characteristic CT findings were a mixed low- and isodense extraaxial mass with ring-like enhancement in the cerebellopontine angle; enlargement of the jugular foramen, with smooth margins and a normal internal auditory canal; and an extracranial soft tissue mass extending through the jugular foramen.

Uchino, Akira; Hasuo, Kanehiro; Fukui, Masashi; Matsushima, Toshio; Tamura, Shozo; Yasumori, Kotaro

1987-07-01

89

Effects of a high jugular fossa and jugular bulb diverticulum on the inner ear  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

From a series of patients undergoing routine radiographic examination, 112 temporal bones with a high jugular fossa were selected. Among these, 43 jugular bulb diverticula were found. The structures affected by a high fossa or diverticulum were recorded and correlated to the clinical symptoms of the patient. The vestibule was suspected to be affected in five patients. Two of these patients had tinnitus and vertigo, and three had hearing loss. In one of the latter the hearing loss was most marked in the supine position. The cochlea was close to the fossa in three patients, all of whom had tinnitus. Four patients had a defect of the posterior semicircular canal. One of them lost his hearing after a severe fit of coughing, became unsteady and showed signs of a fistula. The internal acoustic meatus and the mastoid portion of the facial canal were affected in two and four patients, respectively, who had no recorded symptoms. Twelve of 34 patients with Meniere's disease and a high jugular fossa on the side of the diseased ear had a dehiscence of the vestibular aqueduct caused by the fossa or diverticulum, compared with nine of 58 patients in the unselected material. For comparison and demonstration of topographic relationships, 58 casts of unselected radiograhed temporal bone specimens with high jugular fossae or diverticula were investigated. In patients with a high jugular fossa or jugular bulb diverticulum, tomographic assessment

90

Aspectos clínicos, ultra-sonográficos e venográficos da tromboflebite jugular experimental em equinos Equine experimental thrombophlebitis: clinical, ultrasonographic and venographic evaluation  

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Full Text Available A tromboflebite jugular ocorre frequentemente em equinos, decorrendo geralmente de processos mórbidos associados à iatrogenia, podendo levar a perda de função, edema cefálico, diminuição do desempenho atlético e ainda causar o óbito. Esta enfermidade nos equinos apesar de frequente é pouco conhecida quanto à sua evolução e tratamentos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a evolução da tromboflebite jugular experimental em equinos, quanto às alterações clínicas e estruturais envolvidas na enfermidade, observando-se os aspectos clínicos, ultra-sonográficos e venográficos no contexto do trombo e do vaso, quanto à possibilidade de recanalização do trombo produzido e da vascularização compensatória. A tromboflebite da veia jugular foi induzida, unilateralmente, em 05 equinos nos quais previamente à indução da tromboflebite e diariamente após foram observadas manifestações clínicas e realizados exames ultra-sonográficos. Venografias foram feitas nos momentos pré-indução, na indução e a cada seis dias após a indução da tromboflebite, verificando-se a recanalização do trombo oclusivo e a presença de vasos na drenagem sanguínea compensatória. Observou-se a ocorrência de edema moderado das regiões parotídea, massetérica e supra-orbitária e discreto edema submandibular que reduziram até o 6º dia, permanecendo apenas discreto aumento parotídeo. O ingurgitamento da jugular cranial a região da indução permaneceu durante todo o período de avaliação. A porção caudal à tromboflebite mostrou ingurgitamento frente ao garrote na entrada do tórax desde o primeiro dia após a indução. Os exames ultra-sonográficos mostraram formação de trombo oclusivo total durante todo o período de observação em 3 animais e o restabelecimento parcial do fluxo na jugular em 2 animais e a presença de vasos colaterais conduzindo o sangue da porção cranial para a porção caudal à obstrução. As venografias revelaram fluxo sanguíneo "linear" normal no momento pré-operatório, constatando nos momentos pós-operatórios a presença oclusiva do trombo, com o contraste preenchendo os vasos tributários compensatórios direcionados à porção caudal à oclusão da veia ou ainda estagnado cranialmente ao trombo. Conclui-se que a trombose oclusiva na tromboflebite jugular experimental e unilateral sofre recanalização e compensação vascular por vasos tributários de drenagem, com redução gradativa dos sinais decorrentes da estase sanguínea de retorno, especificamente as regiões cefálicas com edema. Estudos envolvendo a tromboflebite jugular nos equinos devem evoluir nos aspectos experimental e clínico.Jugular thrombophlebitis is a common complication of disease processes associated with repeated venipuncture, injection of irritant solutions, and the use of indwelling catheters, especially with bacterial contamination. Bilateral thrombophlebitis may result in edema of the soft tissues of the head, reduction of athletic performance and even death of the animal. This disease, although common in horses, is not much known regarding its evolution and treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and structural changes of experimentally induced jugular thrombophlebitis in horses, through clinical examination, ultrasound and venography of the thrombus and the vessel, verifying the possibility of thrombus recanalization and compensatory produced blood flow. The jugular thrombophlebitis was induced unilaterally into 5 horses, monitored by clinical (general, regional and local and ultrassonographycs exams. Venographs were made at pre-induction, induction and every 6 days after induction of thrombophlebitis, in order to observe recanalization of the occlusive thrombus and presence of blood vessels in the drainage allowance. Occurrence of moderate edema was observed in the parotid, masseter and supra orbital regions, and mild edema in the submandibular region. The jugular engorgement of the cranial region of induction persisted throughout the period of ev

Carlos Alberto Hussni

2012-07-01

91

/ Estudo comparativo no uso de uma ou duas artérias torácicas internas na revascularização do miocárdio  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese No Hospital da Beneficência Portuguesa, Serviço do Prof. Dr. Luís B. Puig, 30 pacientes foram submetidos a revascularização do miocárdio, no período de novembro de 1991 a março de 1992. Quinze pacientes receberam uma artéria torácica interna (Grupo I) e complementação com pontes de veia safena e os [...] outros 15 pacientes receberam duas artérias torácicas internas (Grupo II) e complementação com pontes de veia safena. Não havia diferenças nos dois grupos, quanto aos antecedentes patológicos e às condições clínicas pré-operatórias. No Grupo I foi realizada uma média de 2,4% enx./paciente e no Grupo II, 3,1%. No período pós-operatório imediato, não houve diferenças nos dois grupos, quanto a incidência de reoperações por sangramento, infarto trans-operatório, ou presença de atelectasia pulmonar. Houve um óbito (3,3%) no Grupo I, devido a acidente vascular cerebral. Treze pacientes foram submetidos a estudo hemodinâmico pósoperatório antes da alta hospitalar, sendo seis no Grupo I e sete no Grupo II. As 13(100%) artérias torácicas internas esquerdas e as 7(100%) artérias direitas estavam pérvias. No Grupo II a artéria direita foi utilizada para revascularizar a artéria marginal esquerda em cinco pacientes e o ramo dialgonalis em dois. Os resultados sugerem que a artéria torácica interna direita deve ser usada mais freqüentemente e talvez tenha sua melhor aplicação por via retro-aórtica direcionada para o ramo marginal esquerdo. Abstract in english The authors present early results in a comparative study using one or two internal thoracic arteries for myocardial revascularization. They find no difference in both groups, regarding hospital mortality or morbidity. Angiographic study showed that early patency of the right internal thoracic artery [...] passed through transverse sinus is similar to the left internal thoracic artery; is also better than saphenous vein grafts. They conclude that the double internal thoracic artery can be used more aften in selected patients.

Luís Roberto, Gerola; Gil Vicente Lico e, Cividanes; Guilherme, Gemma; Firmino H., Ferreira Jr; Egle Costa, Oppi; Luís B, Puig.

92

CURTEA PENAL? INTERNA?IONAL?  

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Full Text Available Experien?a jurisdic?iilor ad-hoc a f?cut posibil? adoptarea, în cadrul conferin?ei diplomatice dela Roma din 1998, a Statutului Cur?ii Penale Interna?ionale, prima jurisdic?ie interna?ional? penal?permanent?, creat? printr-un tratat multilateral.Formula cre?rii jurisdic?iei interna?ionale penale printr-un tratat multilateral nu este nou?.Aceast? formul? a ap?rut odat? cu ideea de jurisdic?ie interna?ional? penal? permanent?, înc? de laînceputul secolului ?i a fost analizat? cu ocazia înfiin??rii tribunalelor interna?ionale penale pentrufosta Iugoslavie ?i pentru Ruanda, ca formul? alternativ? la înfiin?area acestora ca m?sur? a Consiliuluide Securitate al ONU în baza Capitolului VII din Carta ONU. O asemenea abordare, a afirmatSecretarul General ONU în raportul s?u cu privire la înfiin?area TIPFI, ar avea avantajul de a permiteo examinare detaliat? ?i o elaborare a tuturor aspectelor referitoare la stabilire a unui tribunalinterna?ional. De asemenea, aceast? abordare, a afirmat tot Secretarul General al ONU, va permitestatelor participante la negocierea ?i încheierea tratatului, exerci?iul deplin al voin?ei lor suverane, înparticular manifestarea în sensul de a fi parte sau nu la statutul Cur?ii.

Sorin Ciutureanu

2007-05-01

93

Aspectos clínicos, ultra-sonográficos e venográficos da tromboflebite jugular experimental em equinos / Equine experimental thrombophlebitis: clinical, ultrasonographic and venographic evaluation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A tromboflebite jugular ocorre frequentemente em equinos, decorrendo geralmente de processos mórbidos associados à iatrogenia, podendo levar a perda de função, edema cefálico, diminuição do desempenho atlético e ainda causar o óbito. Esta enfermidade nos equinos apesar de frequente é pouco conhecida [...] quanto à sua evolução e tratamentos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a evolução da tromboflebite jugular experimental em equinos, quanto às alterações clínicas e estruturais envolvidas na enfermidade, observando-se os aspectos clínicos, ultra-sonográficos e venográficos no contexto do trombo e do vaso, quanto à possibilidade de recanalização do trombo produzido e da vascularização compensatória. A tromboflebite da veia jugular foi induzida, unilateralmente, em 05 equinos nos quais previamente à indução da tromboflebite e diariamente após foram observadas manifestações clínicas e realizados exames ultra-sonográficos. Venografias foram feitas nos momentos pré-indução, na indução e a cada seis dias após a indução da tromboflebite, verificando-se a recanalização do trombo oclusivo e a presença de vasos na drenagem sanguínea compensatória. Observou-se a ocorrência de edema moderado das regiões parotídea, massetérica e supra-orbitária e discreto edema submandibular que reduziram até o 6º dia, permanecendo apenas discreto aumento parotídeo. O ingurgitamento da jugular cranial a região da indução permaneceu durante todo o período de avaliação. A porção caudal à tromboflebite mostrou ingurgitamento frente ao garrote na entrada do tórax desde o primeiro dia após a indução. Os exames ultra-sonográficos mostraram formação de trombo oclusivo total durante todo o período de observação em 3 animais e o restabelecimento parcial do fluxo na jugular em 2 animais e a presença de vasos colaterais conduzindo o sangue da porção cranial para a porção caudal à obstrução. As venografias revelaram fluxo sanguíneo "linear" normal no momento pré-operatório, constatando nos momentos pós-operatórios a presença oclusiva do trombo, com o contraste preenchendo os vasos tributários compensatórios direcionados à porção caudal à oclusão da veia ou ainda estagnado cranialmente ao trombo. Conclui-se que a trombose oclusiva na tromboflebite jugular experimental e unilateral sofre recanalização e compensação vascular por vasos tributários de drenagem, com redução gradativa dos sinais decorrentes da estase sanguínea de retorno, especificamente as regiões cefálicas com edema. Estudos envolvendo a tromboflebite jugular nos equinos devem evoluir nos aspectos experimental e clínico. Abstract in english Jugular thrombophlebitis is a common complication of disease processes associated with repeated venipuncture, injection of irritant solutions, and the use of indwelling catheters, especially with bacterial contamination. Bilateral thrombophlebitis may result in edema of the soft tissues of the head, [...] reduction of athletic performance and even death of the animal. This disease, although common in horses, is not much known regarding its evolution and treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and structural changes of experimentally induced jugular thrombophlebitis in horses, through clinical examination, ultrasound and venography of the thrombus and the vessel, verifying the possibility of thrombus recanalization and compensatory produced blood flow. The jugular thrombophlebitis was induced unilaterally into 5 horses, monitored by clinical (general, regional and local) and ultrassonographycs exams. Venographs were made at pre-induction, induction and every 6 days after induction of thrombophlebitis, in order to observe recanalization of the occlusive thrombus and presence of blood vessels in the drainage allowance. Occurrence of moderate edema was observed in the parotid, masseter and supra orbital regions, and mild edema in the submandibular region. Th

Carlos Alberto, Hussni; Roberta Galvano, Barbosa; Alexandre Correa, Borghesan; Hamilton Almeida, Rollo; Ana Liz Garcia, Alves; Marcos Jun, Watanabe; Vania Maria de Vasconcelos, Machado; Nereide Freire, Cerqueira.

2012-07-01

94

Twelve Cases of Jugular Foramen Neurinoma  

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Twelve patients with jugular foramen neurinoma were operated on at our clinic between 1974 and 1990. The initial signs and symptoms were variable; dysfunctions of the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th nerves were frequently observed. Among these, involvement of the eighth nerve was most frequent, and three patients were given a misdiagnosis of acoustic neurinoma. Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging were useful not only for the correct diagnosis, but also for planning the surgi...

Tomio, Sasaki; Takakura, Kintomo

1991-01-01

95

Analysis of Jugular Foramen Exposure in the Fallopian Bridge Technique  

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Objective: To analyze the exposure of the jugular foramen afforded by the fallopian bridge technique. Method: The jugular foramen exposure was obtained using the jugular foramen approach combined with the fallopian bridge technique. We applied this technique using 10 temporal bone specimens at a tertiary referral center. The exposure was assessed by means of depth of the dissection field and two separate dissection spaces that were created anteriorly and posteriorly to the facial nerve. Anter...

Satar, Bulent; Yazar, Fatih; Ceyhan, Aykut; Arslan, Hasan Huseyin; Aydin, Sedat

2009-01-01

96

Glomus jugulare presenting with isolated facial nerve palsy.  

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Glomus jugulare is a rare slow growing tumor occurring within the jugular foramen that rarely presents with isolated symptoms. Although histologically benign, these tumors are locally destructive because of their proximity to the petrous bone, the lower cranial nerves, and the major vascular structures (Miller et al. (2009) and Silverstone (1973)). We wish to report a glomus jugulare tumor eroding the petrous bone and producing an ipsilateral peripheral facial weakness. The mechanism of this erosion is discussed. PMID:25374954

Nunez, Angelica A; Ramos-Duran, Luis R; Cuetter, Albert C

2014-01-01

97

Internal jugular phlebectasia in an African adult  

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Jugular vein phlebectasia is a rare venous anomaly commonly presenting as a unilateral neck swelling in children and adults. Its aetiology is unknown and its detection may have increased with availability of better imaging facilities. Due to its rarity, a high index of suspicion is required once other causes of neck swelling are excluded. The few reported cases are mainly in children and non-Africans adults. The authors report the case of a 54-year-old Nigerian woman presenting for the first ...

Ogbole, Godwin I.; Irabor, Achiaka E.; Adeoye, P. Oladapo; Yusuf, Bolutife P.

2010-01-01

98

Magnetic resonance images resembling jugular venous thrombosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Juglar venous blood flow resembled venous thrombosis on magnetic resonance images (MRI) in three cases. We present these cases together with MRI of juglar venous thrombosis and also discuss on flow signals and thrombus through the clinical cases and the experimental study. Left jugular angiography showed hemostasis in two of three cases and normal venous flow in one. In clinical cases and experimental study the blood clot appeared high intense on spin echo image (SE) and inversion recovery image (IR). Water flow appeared high intense at a certain range of velocity on SE and IR. Consequently the normal venous flow as well as hemostasis can look like thrombus on MRI. (author)

99

Compton scatter image simulating jugular venous reflux.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a radionuclide cerebral angiographic study, Tc-99m photons from the subclavian vein may scatter in the superficial tissues of the neck and head, resulting in an image simulating the jugular venous reflux. In a scintillation camera peaked at 140 keV with a 20% window, any scattered photons with a scatter angle of less tha 53.5 degrees may be counted in the Tc-99m window. This scatter angle is large enough to allow counting of many secondary photons from Compton collisions in an area quite distant from the radioactive source to be counted, provided the scatter area and source are separated by air. PMID:6275050

Yeh, E L

1982-01-01

100

Internal jugular thrombophlebitis caused by dermal infection.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 29-year-old man presented with complaints of fever and pain and itching of his left neck with atopic dermatitis and abrasion. These symptoms had persisted for two days and dullness and fever developed, but the patient did not consult a physician. On the following day, he had a fever of 40°C and redness and swelling of the left neck. He visited a local clinic and was hospitalized with suspected cellulitis. A thrombus was detected in the internal jugular vein on MRI, and he was referred to our hospital. Neck ultrasonography showed the presence of an immovable thrombus in the area from the left internal jugular vein to the left brachiocephalic peripheral vein. Blood analysis indicated a major inflammatory response and juvenile idiopathic thrombophlebitis was suspected. A filter was carefully inserted into the superior vena cava, and anticoagulant therapy and medication with antibiotics led to remission. We present this case as a rare example of a condition mimicking Lemierre syndrome that was caused by dermal infection, and we include a review of the literature. PMID:21372456

Yoshikawa, Hisao; Suzuki, Makoto; Nemoto, Naohiko; Hara, Hidehiko; Hashimoto, Go; Otsuka, Takenori; Moroi, Masao; Nakamura, Masato; Sugi, Kaoru

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Aneurysm of external jugular vein mimicking hemangioma of neck.  

Science.gov (United States)

Venous aneurysms are one of the rare causes of neck swellings. Among neck veins, external jugular vein aneurysms are uncommon. We present a case of a woman who presented with a nontender compressible swelling in the left lower neck region, which initially thought to be hemangioma, was later found to be external jugular vein aneurysm on Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography. PMID:24465108

Aiyappan, Senthil Kumar; Ranga, Upasana; Veeraiyan, Saveetha

2013-12-01

102

INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN PHLEBECTASIA PRESENTING WITH HOARSENESS OF VOICE  

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Full Text Available Internal jugular phlebectasia presents as a soft cystic mass in the neck that appears on straining. We present case of a 7 year old girl who presented with a painless soft cystic mass in the neck associated with hoarseness of voice. Based on clinical examination and CT image diagnosis of right internal jugular phlebectasia was made.

Sohini Chakraborty

2014-04-01

103

Gamma knife radiosurgery for glomus jugulare tumours  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this clinical study was to determine the tumour control rate, clinical outcome and complication rate following gamma knife treatment for glomus jugulare tumours. Between May 1992 and May 1998, 13 patients with glomus tumours underwent stereotactic radiosurgical treatment in our department. The age of these patients ranged from 21 to 80 years. The male : female ratio was 2 : 11. Six patients had primary open surgery for partial removal or recurrent growth and subsequent radiosurgical therapy. Radiosurgery was performed as primary treatment in 7 cases. The median tumour volume was 6.4 cm3 (range: 4.6-13.7 cm3). The median marginal dose applied to an average isodose volume of 50 % (30-50 %) was 13.5 Gy (12-20 Gy). In 10 patients, a total of 48 MRI and CT follow-up scans were available. The remaining three patients have been excluded from the postradiosurgical evaluation since the observation time (t < 12 months) was too short or patients were lost to follow up. The median interval from gamma knife treatment to the last radiological follow-up was 37.6 months (5-68 months). In 4 patients (40 %) decreased tumour volumes were observed and in 6 cases (60 %) the tumour size remained unchanged. Neurological follow-up examinations revealed improved clinical status in 5 patients (50 %), a stable neurological status in 5 patients (50 %) and no complications occurred. According to our preliminary experience gamma knife radiosurgery represents an effective treatment option for glomus jugulare tumours. (author)

104

Radiosurgery of Glomus Jugulare Tumors: A Meta-Analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: During the past two decades, radiosurgery has arisen as a promising approach to the management of glomus jugulare. In the present study, we report on a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available published data on the radiosurgical management of glomus jugulare tumors. Methods and Materials: To identify eligible studies, systematic searches of all glomus jugulare tumors treated with radiosurgery were conducted in major scientific publication databases. The data search yielded 19 studies, which were included in the meta-analysis. The data from 335 glomus jugulare patients were extracted. The fixed effects pooled proportions were calculated from the data when Cochrane's statistic was statistically insignificant and the inconsistency among studies was 36 months. In these studies, 95% of patients achieved clinical control and 96% achieved tumor control. The gamma knife, linear accelerator, and CyberKnife technologies all exhibited high rates of tumor and clinical control. Conclusions: The present study reports the results of a meta-analysis for the radiosurgical management of glomus jugulare. Because of its high effectiveness, we suggest considering radiosurgery for the primary management of glomus jugulare tumors.ment of glomus jugulare tumors.

105

Comunicación Interna y formación profesional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a importância da orientação docente na apertura de novas opções disponíveis no campo profissional das Comunicações Internas para os estudantes de Relaçõoes Públicas. Por outro lado, se indicam as atuais necessidades de atualização e incorporação de novas técnicas e ferramentas profis [...] sionais para o trabalho no campo real da disciplina. Esta permanente interação entre prática e teoria deve ser um estímulo para que os docentes atualizem a bibliografa e incorporem casos nos planos de estudo e para a apresentação de ensaios acadêmicos e presentem livros para a hierarquização das Relações Públicas como disciplina acadêmica. Em síntese, o artigo convida à reflexão pessoal sobre a situação atual da comunicação interna nas organizações e sus principais desafíos em vista a um futuro atravessado pela globalização e os avances tecnológicos. Abstract in spanish El artículo aborda en su desarrollo la importancia de la orientación docente en la apertura de nuevas opciones disponibles en el campo profesional de las Comunicaciones Internas para los estudiantes de la carrera de Relaciones Públicas. Por otra parte, se señalan las actuales necesidades de actualiz [...] ación e incorporación de nuevas técnicas y herramientas profesionales con vistas al trabajo en el campo real de la disciplina. Esta permanente interacción entre práctica y teoría debe ser un estímulo para que los docentes no sólo mantengan actualizada la bibliografía e incorporen casos en los planes de estudio sino, para que presenten ensayos académicos o publiquen textos que le den jerarquía a las Relaciones Públicas como disciplina académica. En síntesis, el artículo invita a la reflexión profesional sobre la situación actual de la comunicación interna en las organizaciones y sus principales desafíos en vistas de un futuro atravesado por la globalización y los avances tecnológicos. Abstract in english The article approaches the importance of educational guidance in the offering of new options within the professional feld of Internal Communications for the students of Public Relations careers. In addition, present professional needs of being updated in new communication techniques and tools are po [...] inted out. This permanent interaction between practice and theory must be a stimulus so that professors could update bibliography and incorporate study cases in the subjects curricula. Likewise, the article enhances the value of academic research in order to generate publications that contribute to reinforce relevance of Public Relations as a discipline. The article appeals to professional refection about internal communication in the organizations and their main challenges looking forward a future crossed by globalisation and technological changes.

Marisa, Cuervo.

106

Comunicación Interna y formación profesional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a importância da orientação docente na apertura de novas opções disponíveis no campo profissional das Comunicações Internas para os estudantes de Relaçõoes Públicas. Por outro lado, se indicam as atuais necessidades de atualização e incorporação de novas técnicas e ferramentas profis [...] sionais para o trabalho no campo real da disciplina. Esta permanente interação entre prática e teoria deve ser um estímulo para que os docentes atualizem a bibliografa e incorporem casos nos planos de estudo e para a apresentação de ensaios acadêmicos e presentem livros para a hierarquização das Relações Públicas como disciplina acadêmica. Em síntese, o artigo convida à reflexão pessoal sobre a situação atual da comunicação interna nas organizações e sus principais desafíos em vista a um futuro atravessado pela globalização e os avances tecnológicos. Abstract in spanish El artículo aborda en su desarrollo la importancia de la orientación docente en la apertura de nuevas opciones disponibles en el campo profesional de las Comunicaciones Internas para los estudiantes de la carrera de Relaciones Públicas. Por otra parte, se señalan las actuales necesidades de actualiz [...] ación e incorporación de nuevas técnicas y herramientas profesionales con vistas al trabajo en el campo real de la disciplina. Esta permanente interacción entre práctica y teoría debe ser un estímulo para que los docentes no sólo mantengan actualizada la bibliografía e incorporen casos en los planes de estudio sino, para que presenten ensayos académicos o publiquen textos que le den jerarquía a las Relaciones Públicas como disciplina académica. En síntesis, el artículo invita a la reflexión profesional sobre la situación actual de la comunicación interna en las organizaciones y sus principales desafíos en vistas de un futuro atravesado por la globalización y los avances tecnológicos. Abstract in english The article approaches the importance of educational guidance in the offering of new options within the professional feld of Internal Communications for the students of Public Relations careers. In addition, present professional needs of being updated in new communication techniques and tools are po [...] inted out. This permanent interaction between practice and theory must be a stimulus so that professors could update bibliography and incorporate study cases in the subjects curricula. Likewise, the article enhances the value of academic research in order to generate publications that contribute to reinforce relevance of Public Relations as a discipline. The article appeals to professional refection about internal communication in the organizations and their main challenges looking forward a future crossed by globalisation and technological changes.

Marisa, Cuervo.

2011-03-01

107

Ataques isquêmicos transitórios em paciente com síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso / Transient ischemic attacks in a patient with superior vena cava obstruction: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndrome da veia cava superior (SVCS) é condição relativamente rara. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 42 anos, masculino, hipertenso há 15 anos, que evoluiu com dor cervical e torácica há um um ano, sendo evidenciada oclusão de 95% da coronária direita. Submetido a angioplastia, porém com persis [...] tência da dor torácica. Posteriormente evoluiu com episódios recorrentes de hemiplegia à direita associados a crises hipertensivas, que melhoravam com medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Pela presença de coloração vinhosa na face e acentuação durante os períodos de ataques isquêmicos transitórios, foi feita a suspeita diagnóstica de provável acometimento do sistema de drenagem venosa, confirmada à venografia pelo achado de dilatação da veia jugular direita e imagem de estreitamento importante na junção com a veia cava superior. Em conclusão, não foi possível definir com certeza a relação entre as duas patologias no caso aqui apresentado, porém chamou a atenção a melhora dos sintomas neurológicos após o controle da SVCS com o tratamento instituído. Abstract in english The superior vena cava obstruction is a relatively rare condition. We report the case of a 42 year old man suffering of hypertension for about fifteen years. He reported a cervical and thoracic pain for one year, that was related to a 95% of occlusion on the right coronary artery. An angioplasty has [...] been done but the patient still related the thoracic pain. Afterwards the patient had recurrent episodes of right hemiplegia and hypertensive emergencies that have been treated with anti-hypertensive agents. A venous disease was suspected because of cyanosis in the face especially when episodes of transient ischemic attacks occurred. A venography showed obstruction of the right jugular vein near the junction with the superior vena cava. In conclusion, it was not possible to define with certainty the relationship between the two pathologies presented by the patient, even so, we call attention to the improvement of the neurological symptoms after the control of superior vena cava obstruction with the treatment.

ANTÔNIO S., ANDRADE-FILHO; FREDERICO L.S., FIGUEIRÔA; CELSO L., SANTIAGO-FIGUEIRÔA; DANNILO B., SILVEIRA; YURI M., ANDRADE-SOUZA; EDUARDO R.V., BANDEIRA; A.P.Q.U., SOUZA; ANDRÉ G.P., SILVA.

1998-09-01

108

Ataques isquêmicos transitórios em paciente com síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso / Transient ischemic attacks in a patient with superior vena cava obstruction: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndrome da veia cava superior (SVCS) é condição relativamente rara. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 42 anos, masculino, hipertenso há 15 anos, que evoluiu com dor cervical e torácica há um um ano, sendo evidenciada oclusão de 95% da coronária direita. Submetido a angioplastia, porém com persis [...] tência da dor torácica. Posteriormente evoluiu com episódios recorrentes de hemiplegia à direita associados a crises hipertensivas, que melhoravam com medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Pela presença de coloração vinhosa na face e acentuação durante os períodos de ataques isquêmicos transitórios, foi feita a suspeita diagnóstica de provável acometimento do sistema de drenagem venosa, confirmada à venografia pelo achado de dilatação da veia jugular direita e imagem de estreitamento importante na junção com a veia cava superior. Em conclusão, não foi possível definir com certeza a relação entre as duas patologias no caso aqui apresentado, porém chamou a atenção a melhora dos sintomas neurológicos após o controle da SVCS com o tratamento instituído. Abstract in english The superior vena cava obstruction is a relatively rare condition. We report the case of a 42 year old man suffering of hypertension for about fifteen years. He reported a cervical and thoracic pain for one year, that was related to a 95% of occlusion on the right coronary artery. An angioplasty has [...] been done but the patient still related the thoracic pain. Afterwards the patient had recurrent episodes of right hemiplegia and hypertensive emergencies that have been treated with anti-hypertensive agents. A venous disease was suspected because of cyanosis in the face especially when episodes of transient ischemic attacks occurred. A venography showed obstruction of the right jugular vein near the junction with the superior vena cava. In conclusion, it was not possible to define with certainty the relationship between the two pathologies presented by the patient, even so, we call attention to the improvement of the neurological symptoms after the control of superior vena cava obstruction with the treatment.

ANTÔNIO S., ANDRADE-FILHO; FREDERICO L.S., FIGUEIRÔA; CELSO L., SANTIAGO-FIGUEIRÔA; DANNILO B., SILVEIRA; YURI M., ANDRADE-SOUZA; EDUARDO R.V., BANDEIRA; A.P.Q.U., SOUZA; ANDRÉ G.P., SILVA.

109

Jugular foramen syndrome as initial presentation of metastatic lung cancer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Metastatic involvement of the cranial base and jugular foramen generally presents with headache and lower cranial neuropathy but may escape early diagnosis. In this report, a patient developed a jugular foramen syndrome as the initial presentation of metastatic lung cancer soon after being diagnosed and treated surgically for extracranial atherosclerotic internal carotid artery disease. With the appropriate diagnosis established, he underwent local fractionated radiation therapy and systemic chemotherapy but succumbed to the disease. This report analyses metastatic disease affecting the cranial base and in particular, the jugular foramen, with a discussion of the clinical syndromes that accompany this rare condition. PMID:23946920

Hayward, Dustin; Morgan, Christopher; Emami, Bahman; Biller, Jose; Prabhu, Vikram C

2012-10-01

110

Distribuição comparativa dos glicosaminoglicanos em artérias e veias de diferentes mamíferos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Foi realizada análise comparativa sobre a distribuição dos glicosaminoglicanos de artérias e veias em ratos, cachorros e humanos. Os nossos resultados demonstraram que dermatam sulfato foi o principal glicosaminoglicano encontrado tanto para as artérias quanto para as veias estudadas. Entretanto, a proporção de dermatam sulfato foi maior nas veias do que nas artérias nas três espécies analisadas. Este aumento pode estar associado às diferenças estruturais e funcionais encontradas na parede destes dois tipos de vasos sangüíneos (nas veias a pressão sangüínea é significativamente mais baixa. Além disso, a quantidade total dos glicosaminoglicanos foi maior nas artérias do que nas veias, sendo as maiores concentrações encontradas nas aortas independentemente da espécie animal estudada. Estes achados abrem perspectiva para o melhor conhecimento das alterações das macromoléculas que possam estar relacionadas ao processo degenerativo vascular, especialmente nas transformações estruturais que as veias safenas sofrem, quando empregadas como enxertos na revascularização do miocárdio.

MARQUEZINI Mônica V.

1999-01-01

111

Trombose da veia de Galeno: relato de caso  

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Full Text Available A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC é doença vascular com diferentes manifestações clínicas e várias causas possíveis (locais, sistêmicas ou idiopáticas. A trombose da veia de Galeno (TVG é causa rara de TVC e geralmente está associada a alguma malformação vascular. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 16 anos que apresentou TVG sem malformação vascular, porém associada a trombose de seio reto e infarto venoso talâmico. Discutem-se também aspectos importantes do diagnóstico clínico, radiológico e laboratorial da TVC.

Marques Marcio Chaves Pedro

2003-01-01

112

Trombose da veia de Galeno: relato de caso  

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A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC) é doença vascular com diferentes manifestações clínicas e várias causas possíveis (locais, sistêmicas ou idiopáticas). A trombose da veia de Galeno (TVG) é causa rara de TVC e geralmente está associada a alguma malformação vascular. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 16 anos que apresentou TVG sem malformação vascular, porém associada a trombose de seio reto e infarto venoso talâmico. Discutem-se também aspectos importantes do diagnóstico c...

Marques Marcio Chaves Pedro; Pires Leopoldo Antônio; Damasceno Carlos Augusto; Felício André Carvalho; Atala Ângelo; Franco Gláucio M.

2003-01-01

113

Distribuição comparativa dos glicosaminoglicanos em artérias e veias de diferentes mamíferos  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Foi realizada análise comparativa sobre a distribuição dos glicosaminoglicanos de artérias e veias em ratos, cachorros e humanos. Os nossos resultados demonstraram que dermatam sulfato foi o principal glicosaminoglicano encontrado tanto para as artérias quanto para as veias estudadas. Entretanto, a proporção de dermatam sulfato foi maior nas veias do que nas artérias nas três espécies analisadas. Este aumento pode estar associado às diferenças estruturais e funcionais encontradas ...

Marquezini, Mo?nica V.; Dallan, Lui?s Alberto O.; Toledo, Olga M. S.

1999-01-01

114

Radiotherapy for jugulo-tympanic paragangliomas (Glomus jugulare tumours)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Parasympathetic paraganglia are found in the region of the jugular bulb, in association with the tympanic branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the auricular branch of the vagus. The name commonly applied to these structures is 'glomus jugulare'. Tumours arising from these paraganglia (paragangliomas or glomus jugulare tumours) are usually histologically benign but locally destructive. They may involve the middle ear, the temporal bone, or the jugular foramen, and may extend into the neck or cranium. Very occasionally they are malignant and metastasise (Taylor et al., 1965). The clinical features of these tumours and the techniques for their diagnosis are well established, but treatment remains controversial. Radiotherapy has been the preferred treatment at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, and sixty cases seen at this hospital between 1942 and 1982 are reviewed here.

Sharma, P.D.; Johnson, A.P.; Whitton, A.C.

1984-06-01

115

Massive jugular and dural sinus reflux associated with cerebral death  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radionuclide cerebral angiograms demonstrated massive jugular venous reflux in two children with clinical and electroencephalographic evidence of cerebral death. With an antecubital injection, the tracer flowed up the jugular vein, through the transverse dural sinus, and down the contralateral jugular vein. No arterial flow was seen. We hypothesize that this unusual pattern reflects the absence of normal antegrade flow through the venous system. The appearance of jugular reflux is distinct from arterial flow and should not be confused with it. These cases illustrate communication between the systemic venous system and the dural sinuses. Although this pattern is not diagnostic of cerebral death, the appearance of radiotracer in the dural sinuses does not establish the presence of cerebral perfusion. (orig.)

116

Radiotherapy for jugulo-tympanic paragangliomas (Glomus jugulare tumours)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Parasympathetic paraganglia are found in the region of the jugular bulb, in association with the tympanic branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the auricular branch of the vagus. The name commonly applied to these structures is 'glomus jugulare'. Tumours arising from these paraganglia (paragangliomas or glomus jugulare tumours) are usually histologically benign but locally destructive. They may involve the middle ear, the temporal bone, or the jugular foramen, and may extend into the neck or cranium. Very occasionally they are malignant and metastasise (Taylor et al., 1965). The clinical features of these tumours and the techniques for their diagnosis are well established, but treatment remains controversial. Radiotherapy has been the preferred treatment at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, and sixty cases seen at this hospital between 1942 and 1982 are reviewed here. (author)

117

Management of the Jugular Bulb During Lateral Skull Base Surgery  

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The intraoperative management of a patent jugular bulb presents a formidable challenge during the treatment of lateral skull base lesions. Whether to preserve, partially occlude, or completely sacrifice this critical structure is a decision best made following a multifactorial analysis of preoperative clinicoradiographic data, tumor histopathology, and intraoperative findings. Twenty-six patients with tumors requiring dissection near a patent jugular bulb were reviewed. Ten patients had super...

Kelley, Timothy F.; Leonetti, John P.; Newell, David J.; Remington, William J.

1994-01-01

118

Nonvascular Lesions of the Jugular Foramen: The Gruppo Otologico Experience  

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Tumors other than paragangliomas in the jugular foramen are uncommon. Of these, schwannomas and meningiomas predominate. Little clinical data are available in the literature on these tumors at this site. The purpose of this article is to review our experience at the Gruppo Otologico of the management of these tumors. A retrospective series is presented of 32 consecutive patients affected by jugular foramen schwannomas and meningiomas in which their clinical and radiological signs, together wi...

Sanna, Mario; Donato, Giuseppe; Di Lella, Filippo; Falcioni, Maurizio; Aggrawal, Nitin; Romano, Guglielmo

2009-01-01

119

Venoplasty and stenting of a jugular foramen meningioma.  

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The authors describe a novel approach to relieving major venous sinus stenosis at the level of the jugular bulb caused by a petrous meningioma. A balloon-expandable renovascular stent was deployed via a jugular approach to restore venous outflow and thus reduce visual and vestibulocochlear symptoms. Endovascular balloon venoplasty and stenting may assess and restore cranial outflow in veins compressed by soft tumours in anatomical locations challenging to surgical resection, even in the absen...

Zilani, G.; Pereira, Ea; Baig, F.; Uberoi, R.; Kuker, W.; Kerr, Rs

2009-01-01

120

Internal Jugular Vein Entrapment in a Multiple Sclerosis Patient  

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We describe a multiple sclerosis patient presenting with compression of the internal jugular vein caused by aberrant omohyoid muscle. Previously this patient underwent balloon angioplasty of the same internal jugular vein. Ten months after this endovascular procedure, Doppler sonography revealed totally collapsed middle part of the treated vein with no outflow detected. Still, the vein widened and the flow was restored when the patient's mouth opened. Thus, the abnormality was likely to be ca...

Marian Simka; Eugeniusz Majewski; Marek Fortuna

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Radiosurgery of Glomus Jugulare Tumors: A Meta-Analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: During the past two decades, radiosurgery has arisen as a promising approach to the management of glomus jugulare. In the present study, we report on a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available published data on the radiosurgical management of glomus jugulare tumors. Methods and Materials: To identify eligible studies, systematic searches of all glomus jugulare tumors treated with radiosurgery were conducted in major scientific publication databases. The data search yielded 19 studies, which were included in the meta-analysis. The data from 335 glomus jugulare patients were extracted. The fixed effects pooled proportions were calculated from the data when Cochrane's statistic was statistically insignificant and the inconsistency among studies was <25%. Bias was assessed using the Egger funnel plot test. Results: Across all studies, 97% of patients achieved tumor control, and 95% of patients achieved clinical control. Eight studies reported a mean or median follow-up time of >36 months. In these studies, 95% of patients achieved clinical control and 96% achieved tumor control. The gamma knife, linear accelerator, and CyberKnife technologies all exhibited high rates of tumor and clinical control. Conclusions: The present study reports the results of a meta-analysis for the radiosurgical management of glomus jugulare. Because of its high effectiveness, we suggest considering radiosurgery for the primary management of glomus jugulare tumors.

Guss, Zachary D.; Batra, Sachin [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Limb, Charles J. [Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Li, Gordon [Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA (United States); Sughrue, Michael E. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Redmond, Kristin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Rigamonti, Daniele [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Parsa, Andrew T. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Chang, Steven [Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA (United States); Kleinberg, Lawrence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Lim, Michael, E-mail: mlim3@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2011-11-15

122

A limited approach to the jugular bulb: anatomical considerations in a rare jugular foramen tumour.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a rare schwannoma of the jugular foramen and removed it by a limited transjugular approach. A limited surgical approach was performed for removal of the tumour, with preservation of surrounding structures. A thorough understanding of the anatomy of the region is necessary for our limited transjugular approach. The schwannoma was successfully removed. Through a detailed understanding of the anatomy of the region and adequate classification of the tumour, a limited surgical approach is not only possible, but preferable. PMID:24427725

Fernandes, Carmen Lee; Fernandes, C M C

2013-12-01

123

Surgical anatomy of the jugular foramen.  

Science.gov (United States)

The jugular foramen (JF) is a canal that makes communication between the posterior cranial fossa and the upper neck for one third of the cranial nerves and for the main venous channel of the brain. From a lateral view, the JF is protected by multiple layers of muscles and by the outer surface of the petrous bone. Surgical exposure of the JF is usually justified by the removal of benign tumors that grow in this region. In the first part of the present study we describe the surgical anatomy of the JF Then, we detail the relevant points of a stepwise surgical progression of three lateral skull base approaches with a gradual level of exposure and invasiveness. The infralabyrinthine transsigmoid transjugular-high cervical approach is a conservative procedure that associates a retrolabyrinthine approach to a lateral dissection of the upper neck, exposing the sinojugular axis without mobilization of the facial nerve. In the second step, the external auditory canal is transsected and the intrapetrous facial nerve is mobilized, giving more exposure of the carotid canal and middle ear cavity. In the third step, a total petrosectomy is achieved with sacrifice of the cochlea, giving access to the petrous apex and to the whole course of the intrapetrous carotid artery. Using the same dissection of the soft tissues from a lateral trajectory, these three approaches bring solutions to the radical removal of distinct tumor extensions. While the first step preserves the facial nerve and intrapetrous neurootologic structures, the third one offers a wide but more aggressive exposure of the JF and related structures. PMID:18383816

Roche, P H; Mercier, P; Sameshima, T; Fournier, H D

2008-01-01

124

LUNG MALIGNANCY PRESENTING AS BILATERAL INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN THROMBOSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Venous thrombosis may be fatal, for example by a pulmonary embolism and right or left atrial thrombosis. Alternatively, deep vein thrombosis may follow a benign pattern such as femoral and popliteal vein thrombosis. Internal Jugular vein (IJV thrombosis is a rare entity. Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a serious event with potentially fatal outcome, where the clinical symptoms may be vague or absent. It is usually secondary to various etiologies such as catheter, malignancy, trauma, infection and hypercoagulable status. Associated malignancies, either known or occult, are also uncommon and not well documented in the etiology of IJV thrombosis. Spontaneous internal jugular vein thrombosis may occur in connection with a neoplasm, termed Trousseau's syndrome. Although the true incidence of IJV thrombosis is unknown it appears to be increasing

Ab. Hameed Raina

2013-09-01

125

Abnormal formation and communication of external jugular vein  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge of variations in the origin, course and termination of external jugular vein may be important for surgeons, radiologists, and plastic surgeons. In this report, we present a variation in the origin of the external jugular vein and its abnormal communication with the cephalic vein. The external jugular vein was formed by the union of facial and retromandibular veins. Its course and termination were normal but it communicated with the cephalic vein through a large communicating vein, which crossed superficial to clavicle. The retromandibular vein did not divide into two divisions and the posterior auricular vein was absent. The terminal part of cephalic vein was sandwiched between the clavicle and subclavius muscle.

Nayak SB

2008-08-01

126

[Carotico-jugular fistula following a ballistic injury].  

Science.gov (United States)

Carotico-jugular fistulae are known complications of gunshot injuries and stab wounds, but they can be iatrogenic. Untreated, these lesions may lead to heart failure, endocarditis, or cerebral embolization. We present the computerized tomography (CT)-angiographic view and its value in the treatment strategy in carotico-jugular fistula. A 35-year-old male was referred in the second hour of a ballistic injury to the right side of the neck. Physical examination revealed hematoma, exit hole and thrill on the right sternocleidomastoid muscle. Diagnosis was confirmed with Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography. Surgical interposition with 6 mm polytetrafluoroethylene for the carotid artery and with 12 mm Dacron for the internal jugular vein was performed. The fistulous tract was ligated. In the postoperative sixth month, Doppler ultrasound was normal and the patient was on antiaggregant therapy and healthy. PMID:23588918

Peker, Recep Oktay; Etli, Mustafa; Sa?lam, Ula?; Erk, Zafer; Peker, Tülay Tunçer; Ozayd?n, Mehmet; Ye?ilda?, Ahmet

2012-11-01

127

Diagnosis of jugular paraganglioma by radionuclide angiography: concise communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Jugular paraganglioma is a highly vascular tumor, slowly growing, extending into the surrounding stuctures and causing otologic and /or neurologic symptoms according to its location in the jugular bulb region or the middle-ear. In our study, modified vertex and posterior head scintiangiography was used in seven cases. Scintiangiography was positive in all seven, whereas concomitant radiographic studies were limited: four of the seven gave positive findings by transmission computerized tomography (TCT). Only four patients underwent angiography, with positive results in two. Hypocycloidal tomography was positive in three cases. However, some radiographic studies, particularly TCT, may be useful in detecting local extension, bone destruction, and soft-tissue infiltration. Radionuclide angiography proved highly reliable and should be used initially whenever a jugular paraganglioma is suspected

128

Structural variations in the jugular foramen of the human skull.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The jugular foramen was examined in 300 Anatolian skulls from the 17th and 18th centuries. In 61.6% the foramen was larger on the right and in 26% on the left, with the remainder being of almost equal size. An obvious dome caused by a superior jugular bulb was present bilaterally in 49%, on the right only in 36%, on the left only in 6%; it was absent bilaterally in 10.3%. Complete bony septation occurred in 5.6% on the right and in 4.3% on the left, partial septation was observed in 2.6% on t...

Hatibog?lu, M. T.; Anil, A.

1992-01-01

129

Clinical importance of duplication of internal jugular vein.  

Science.gov (United States)

Duplication of internal jugular vein (IJV) is rare. It is the larger channel draining the cranial cavity. We encountered duplication of the IJV while cervical node clearance in a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of left margin of the tongue. IJV divides into two parts anterior and posterior after descending about 2.5 cm from the jugular foramen. IJV is an important landmark in neck surgery. Knowledge of its variations is essential to avoid complications during surgery and to avoid misinterpretation in CT angiography. PMID:24294586

Kapre, Madan; Mangalgiri, Ashutosh S

2012-12-01

130

Observations on the bony bridging of the jugular foramen in man.  

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The anatomical nature and pattern of incidence of bony bridging of the jugular foramen was investigated using 64 fetal crania aged nine months to term and 222 adult crania of Japanese. In addition, the region of the jugular foramen of an adult cadaver was carefully dissected in order to clarify the relationship between the cranial nerves passing through the jugular foramen and the intrajugular processes of the jugular foramen. The general conclusions concerning the anatomical nature of the bo...

Dodo, Y.

1986-01-01

131

Lipoma in the region of the jugular foramen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 22-year-old girl presented with a gradually progressive loss of hearing in the left ear and ipsilateral facial paresis. Investigations revealed a lipoma in the region of the jugular foramen. Conservative resection of the tumor resulted in improvement in facial paresis. The treatment options in such cases are discussed in this report.

Prasanna A; Muzumdar D; Goel A

2003-01-01

132

Tumors around the jugular foramen - diagnosis and clinical findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tumors can originate in the jugular foramen itself or invade it from the intra- or extracranial space. Their identification by radiological techniques is difficult due to their location in the base of the skull. Computed tomography offers superior diagnostic possibilities as compared with other non invasive X-ray procedures. Our clinical and radiological findings will be presented.

Rettinger, R.; Pfister, R.

1982-06-01

133

Tumors around the jugular foramen - diagnosis and clinical findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tumors can originate in the jugular foramen itself or invade it from the intra- or extracranial space. Their identification by radiological techniques is difficult due to their location in the base of the skull. Computed tomography offers superior diagnostic possibilities as compared with other non invasive X-ray procedures. Our clinical and radiological findings will be presented. (orig.)

134

Jugular foramen schwannomas: a single institution patient series.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jugular foramen schwannomas are rare. To our knowledge only a small number of series including a large number of patients have been reported. We aimed to analyse the clinical characteristics, surgical approaches, and outcome of patients undergoing treatment for jugular foramen schwannomas via a retrospective analysis of departmental records. Data for 28 patients treated for jugular foramen schwannomas in the Department of Neurosurgery at our tertiary level referral institution between January 2001 and December 2010 were analysed. Most patients were in the fourth decade of life, with the duration of symptoms ranging from 1 month to 13 years. A skull base approach was used in every surgically treated patient. Of the 19 patients for whom radiological follow-up were available, complete tumor excision was achieved in 17 patients. Follow-up ranged from 3 months to 59 months (mean, 32 months). One patient died and three had permanent morbidity in the form of facial nerve palsy. Jugular foramen schwannomas are best treated by total surgical resection. Partial resection is appropriate for tumors with adhesions to the brainstem and in medically unfit patients. Subsequent radiosurgery can be used for small residual tumors. PMID:24041494

Suri, Ashish; Bansal, Sumit; Singh, Manmohan; Mahapatra, Ashok Kumar; Sharma, Bhawani S

2014-01-01

135

Lipoma in the region of the jugular foramen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A 22-year-old girl presented with a gradually progressive loss of hearing in the left ear and ipsilateral facial paresis. Investigations revealed a lipoma in the region of the jugular foramen. Conservative resection of the tumor resulted in improvement in facial paresis. The treatment options in such cases are discussed in this report.

Prasanna A

2003-01-01

136

Neovascularization after surgical exposure of rat external jugular vein endothelium  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To investigate the neovascularization after exposure of the external jugular venous endothelium in an experimental model. METHODS: The sample was composed of 60 male rats of Wistar OUT B breed provided by animal colony of the Medicine College of Juazeiro do Norte, weighing 250 to 350g, aged [...] 90-120 days. Randomized study in OUT B Wistar rats, open, with 60 days duration. The animals were distributed into three groups of 20 specimens and were subjected to the following: Group 1: neck incision with dissection, ligation and section of the external jugular vein. Group 2: neck incision with dissection and ligation of the external jugular vein. Group 3: cervicotomy without dissection of the external jugular vein without ligation or section. The animals were sacrificed, half of them in 30 days and the other half within 60 days. The material in block harvested from the operated site were sectioned and stained for immunohistochemistry with CD34 marker. RESULTS: Neovascularization occurred with level of significance when compared group 1 to group 3 at 30 days (p=0.0076) and the same occurred at 60 days (p=0.0001) (Newman-Keuls test). CONCLUSION: The group with exposure of the venous endothelium showed a significant increase of neovascularization when compared with other groups.

José Francimário Bezerra do, Nascimento; Guilherme Brandão Benjamin, Pitta; Fausto, Miranda Junior.

2013-12-01

137

Neovascularization after surgical exposure of rat external jugular vein endothelium  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To investigate the neovascularization after exposure of the external jugular venous endothelium in an experimental model. METHODS: The sample was composed of 60 male rats of Wistar OUT B breed provided by animal colony of the Medicine College of Juazeiro do Norte, weighing 250 to 350g, aged [...] 90-120 days. Randomized study in OUT B Wistar rats, open, with 60 days duration. The animals were distributed into three groups of 20 specimens and were subjected to the following: Group 1: neck incision with dissection, ligation and section of the external jugular vein. Group 2: neck incision with dissection and ligation of the external jugular vein. Group 3: cervicotomy without dissection of the external jugular vein without ligation or section. The animals were sacrificed, half of them in 30 days and the other half within 60 days. The material in block harvested from the operated site were sectioned and stained for immunohistochemistry with CD34 marker. RESULTS: Neovascularization occurred with level of significance when compared group 1 to group 3 at 30 days (p=0.0076) and the same occurred at 60 days (p=0.0001) (Newman-Keuls test). CONCLUSION: The group with exposure of the venous endothelium showed a significant increase of neovascularization when compared with other groups.

José Francimário Bezerra do, Nascimento; Guilherme Brandão Benjamin, Pitta; Fausto, Miranda Junior.

138

Anomalous formation of the portal vein: a case report Formação anômala da veia porta: relato de caso  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The knowledge about the formation and relations of the portal vein is important for surgeons and radiologists. The variations in the level of formation and the pattern of formation of portal vein might lead to confusions during radiological and surgical procedures. Here we present a rare variation in the formation of the portal vein as found during the cadaveric dissections. The portal vein was formed by the union of splenic vein, superior mesenteric vein and inferior mesenteric veins. The abnormal termination of left gastric vein into superior mesenteric vein before the formation of portal vein was also seen in the same cadaver. Identification of these variations is useful in managing traumatic rupture of the mesentery.O conhecimento sobre a formação e as relações da veia porta é importante para cirurgiões e radiologistas. As variações no nível de formação e o padrão de formação da veia porta podem causar confusões durante procedimentos cirúrgicos e radiológicos. Neste relato, apresentamos uma variação na formação da veia porta encontrada durante as dissecções cadavéricas. A veia porta foi formada pela união da veia esplênica, veia mesentérica superior e veias mesentéricas inferiores. A terminação anormal da veia gástrica esquerda na veia mesentérica superior antes da formação da veia porta também foi observada no mesmo cadáver. A identificação dessas variações é útil para tratar a ruptura traumática do mesentério.

Vasavi Rakesh Gorantla

2007-12-01

139

Anomalous formation of the portal vein: a case report / Formação anômala da veia porta: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O conhecimento sobre a formação e as relações da veia porta é importante para cirurgiões e radiologistas. As variações no nível de formação e o padrão de formação da veia porta podem causar confusões durante procedimentos cirúrgicos e radiológicos. Neste relato, apresentamos uma variação na formação [...] da veia porta encontrada durante as dissecções cadavéricas. A veia porta foi formada pela união da veia esplênica, veia mesentérica superior e veias mesentéricas inferiores. A terminação anormal da veia gástrica esquerda na veia mesentérica superior antes da formação da veia porta também foi observada no mesmo cadáver. A identificação dessas variações é útil para tratar a ruptura traumática do mesentério. Abstract in english The knowledge about the formation and relations of the portal vein is important for surgeons and radiologists. The variations in the level of formation and the pattern of formation of portal vein might lead to confusions during radiological and surgical procedures. Here we present a rare variation i [...] n the formation of the portal vein as found during the cadaveric dissections. The portal vein was formed by the union of splenic vein, superior mesenteric vein and inferior mesenteric veins. The abnormal termination of left gastric vein into superior mesenteric vein before the formation of portal vein was also seen in the same cadaver. Identification of these variations is useful in managing traumatic rupture of the mesentery.

Vasavi Rakesh, Gorantla; Bhagath Kumar, Potu; Thejodhar, Pulakunta; Venkata Ramana, Vollala; Pavan Kumar, Addala; Soubhagya Ranjan, Nayak.

140

Right portal vein embolization by laparoscopic catheterization of the inferior mesenteric vein / Embolizacao percutanea da veia porta por acesso laparoscopico da veia mesenterica inferior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Habitualmente, a embolização do ramo direito da veia porta é realizada para prevenir insuficiência hepática após uma ressecção hepática estendida. Geralmente, este procedimento é realizado por punção direta da veia porta, resultando, ocasionalmente, em lesão hepática, pneumotórax e hemoperitônio. No [...] presente relato, descrevemos uma alternativa ao acesso direto à porta, através da cateterização percutânea da veia mesentérica inferior com o auxílio da dissecção videolaparoscópica. Abstract in english Right portal vein embolization is often performed to prevent liver insufficiency after major hepatic resection. The procedure usually involves direct puncture of the portal vein, which requires hepatic hilum manipulation, and may be associated with liver injury, pneumothorax, and hemoperitoneum. Thi [...] s report describes a technique of laparoscopic insertion of a sheath into the inferior mesenteric vein followed by right portal vein embolization.

Marcus Vinicius Martins, Cury; Fernanda Mesquita de Brito, Castro; Lister Arruda Modesto, Santos; Sandra Lucia Lodi, Peres; Roberto, Sacilotto.

 
 
 
 
141

Right portal vein embolization by laparoscopic catheterization of the inferior mesenteric vein / Embolizacao percutanea da veia porta por acesso laparoscopico da veia mesenterica inferior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Habitualmente, a embolização do ramo direito da veia porta é realizada para prevenir insuficiência hepática após uma ressecção hepática estendida. Geralmente, este procedimento é realizado por punção direta da veia porta, resultando, ocasionalmente, em lesão hepática, pneumotórax e hemoperitônio. No [...] presente relato, descrevemos uma alternativa ao acesso direto à porta, através da cateterização percutânea da veia mesentérica inferior com o auxílio da dissecção videolaparoscópica. Abstract in english Right portal vein embolization is often performed to prevent liver insufficiency after major hepatic resection. The procedure usually involves direct puncture of the portal vein, which requires hepatic hilum manipulation, and may be associated with liver injury, pneumothorax, and hemoperitoneum. Thi [...] s report describes a technique of laparoscopic insertion of a sheath into the inferior mesenteric vein followed by right portal vein embolization.

Marcus Vinicius Martins, Cury; Fernanda Mesquita de Brito, Castro; Lister Arruda Modesto, Santos; Sandra Lucia Lodi, Peres; Roberto, Sacilotto.

2013-12-12

142

Right portal vein embolization by laparoscopic catheterization of the inferior mesenteric vein / Embolizacao percutanea da veia porta por acesso laparoscopico da veia mesenterica inferior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Habitualmente, a embolização do ramo direito da veia porta é realizada para prevenir insuficiência hepática após uma ressecção hepática estendida. Geralmente, este procedimento é realizado por punção direta da veia porta, resultando, ocasionalmente, em lesão hepática, pneumotórax e hemoperitônio. No [...] presente relato, descrevemos uma alternativa ao acesso direto à porta, através da cateterização percutânea da veia mesentérica inferior com o auxílio da dissecção videolaparoscópica. Abstract in english Right portal vein embolization is often performed to prevent liver insufficiency after major hepatic resection. The procedure usually involves direct puncture of the portal vein, which requires hepatic hilum manipulation, and may be associated with liver injury, pneumothorax, and hemoperitoneum. Thi [...] s report describes a technique of laparoscopic insertion of a sheath into the inferior mesenteric vein followed by right portal vein embolization.

Marcus Vinicius Martins, Cury; Fernanda Mesquita de Brito, Castro; Lister Arruda Modesto, Santos; Sandra Lucia Lodi, Peres; Roberto, Sacilotto.

2013-12-01

143

Aneurisma da veia femoral simulando uma hérnia inguinal Femoral vein aneurysm simulating an inguinal hernia  

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INTRODUÇÃO: Somente seis casos de aneurismas da veia femoral simulando hérnia inguinal foram descritos na literatura. RELATO DO CASO: Um caso de aneurisma da veia femoral comum direita que simulava uma hérnia inguinal é descrito em jovem de 19 anos de idade com uma massa dolorosa de consistência mole na região inguinal direita de seis meses de duração. Durante a consulta médica, o paciente morreu durante em episódio de convulsão generalizada. Na necropsia, tromboembolismo pulmonar...

Victor Assad Buffara-Jr; Júlio Cezar Uili Coelho; Mateus Martinelli de Oliveira

2009-01-01

144

Desplazados, migraciones internas y reestructuraciones territoriales  

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Gómez, Augusto and Flórez, Carmen Elisa and Rubiano, Norma and Granados, Eduardo and Agier, Michel and Hoffmann, Odile and Arocha Rodríguez, Jaime and Gracia, Jorge and Montañez Gómez, Gustavo and Páramo, Carlos Guillermo and Puyana Mutis, Aura María and Franco, Fernando and Vargas, Alejo and Barbary, Oliver (1999) Desplazados, migraciones internas y reestructuraciones territoriales. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. ISBN 9588063027

Go?mez, Augusto; Flo?rez, Carmen Elisa; Rubiano, Norma; Granados, Eduardo; Agier, Michel; Hoffmann, Odile; Arocha Rodri?guez, Jaime; Gracia, Jorge; Montan?ez Go?mez, Gustavo; Pa?ramo, Carlos Guillermo; Puyana Mutis, Aura Mari?a; Franco, Fernando; Vargas, Alejo; Barbary, Oliver

1999-01-01

145

[Thrombosis of the internal jugular vein secondary to acute pharyngotonsillitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute pharyngotonsillitis is one of the most common diseases in children and adolescents. The most frequent etiology is virus, followed by bacteria. The main bacterial agent is beta hemolytic Streptococcus group A. A rare complication of pharyngeal infectious processes is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. The diagnosis is suspected in the presence of an inflammatory unilateral neck swelling. The diagnosis is confirmed by contrast computed tomography. Treatment consists of prolonged administration of antibiotics, being the use of anticoagulants controversial. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to prevent persistent vascular occlusion and progression of the thrombus, which can cause pulmonary emboli. In the present study, we present a teenager with thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein secondary to acute streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis. Clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and treatment of this rare vascular complication are described herein. PMID:25362927

Cuestas, Giselle; Lijdens, Yesica; Demarchi, María Victoria; Martínez Corvalán, María Pía; Razetti, Juan; Boccio, Carlos

2014-12-01

146

Left Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Due to a Lung Tumor  

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Full Text Available Deep vein thrombosis is a common disease among Caucasians but is rare in Asia.Venous thrombosis may be fatal, for example by a pulmonary embolism and right or leftatrial thrombosis. Alternatively, deep vein thrombosis may follow a benign pattern such asfemoral and popliteal vein thrombosis. Theories abound regarding the causes of deep veinthrombosis, with the most common theories being long-term stasis and lack of exercise.Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare but potentially fatal disease with various causes. Inthe pre-antibiotics era, this disease was frequently associated with deep neck infection.Recently however, local trauma, central catheterization, and repeated intravenous injectionswith drugs have become the leading causes of thrombosis. Spontaneous internal jugularvein thrombosis may occur in connection with a neoplasm, termed Trousseau's syndrome.This investigation reports a case of lung cancer associated with internal jugular vein thrombosis.

Kuan-Hsing Chen

2003-06-01

147

Jugular Foramen Schwannomas: Diagnosis and Suggestions for Surgical Management  

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Schwannomas arising in the parapharyngeal space are rare lesions; however, those originating in the jugular foramen are even less common. Two cases, each with marked intra- and extracranial extensions, are discussed. Clinical presentation and preoperative evaluation emphasizing computerized tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging will be presented. An aggressive two-stage surgical approach consisting of a retrosigmoid craniectomy combined with infratemporal removal is advocated for those l...

Graham, Malcolm D.; Larouere, Michael J.; Kartush, Jack M.

1991-01-01

148

Transsigmoid Approach for Tumors of the Jugular Foramen  

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A transsigmoid approach is detailed for removal of tumors involving the jugular foramen. This approach was used in seven patients, eliminates the need for facial nerve transposition, and helps to preserve cochleovestibular function. The sigmoid sinus is packed and both the facial nerve and the labyrinth are identified. This approach provides excellent vision of the intradural and extradural course of the lower cranial nerves, rendering preservation of isolated nerves within the neural compart...

Mann, Wolf J.; Amedee, Ronald G.; Gilsbach, Joachim; Perneczky, Axel; Wolfensberger, Markus

1991-01-01

149

Jugular Foramen Schwannomas: Surgical Approaches and Outcome of Treatment  

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Twelve cases of schwannomas of the jugular foramen that involved surgery in our department between 1983 and 1997 are described. Eight were women and 4 were men (mean age, 40 years), and the duration of their symptoms, the most predominant of which were hearing loss and tinnitus, ranged from 1 month to 20 years (median, 8.5 months). Depending on their radiological and surgical features, tumors were classified as type A, a tumor primarily at the cerebellopontine angle with minimal enlargement o...

Yoo, Heon; Jung, Hee-won; Yang, Hee Jin

1999-01-01

150

Septic jugular thrombophlebitis and pulmonary embolism: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bacterial oropharyngeal infections in healthy young people rarely give rise to life threatening complications. Lemierre's disease, caused by Fusobacetrium necrophorum, manifests as pharyngitis, jugular venous thrombosis and septic pulmonary embolism. A previously fit young male presenting with prolonged pharyngitis, complicated by severe pneumonia and septicaemia is presented. Recognition of this syndrome and early antibiotic therapy can prevent significant morbidity in otherwise healthy people. PMID:16597283

Edibam, C; Gharbi, R; Weekes, J W

2000-03-01

151

A metastatic glomus jugulare tumor. A temporal bone report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The clinicopathologic findings in the temporal bone of a patient with a highly malignant metastasizing glomus jugulare tumor are reported. The patient exhibited all the symptoms of primary malignant tumors of the ear, including facial paralysis, otorrhea, pain, hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness, and vertigo. He was treated with cobalt irradiation followed by radium implant in the ear canal for a residual tumor; then a left-sided radical mastoidectomy was performed

152

A metastatic glomus jugulare tumor. A temporal bone report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The clinicopathologic findings in the temporal bone of a patient with a highly malignant metastasizing glomus jugulare tumor are reported. The patient exhibited all the symptoms of primary malignant tumors of the ear, including facial paralysis, otorrhea, pain, hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness, and vertigo. He was treated with cobalt irradiation followed by radium implant in the ear canal for a residual tumor; then a left-sided radical mastoidectomy was performed.

El Fiky, F.M.; Paparella, M.M.

1984-01-01

153

Internal Jugular Phlebectasia: Diagnosis by Ultrasonography, Doppler and Contrast CT.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jugular phlebectasia is an isolated saccular or fusiform dilation of a vein without tortuosity. Its aetiology remains controversial. It is infradiagnosed, as it is generally asymptomatic. However, it has been increasingly recognized in recent years due to the better imaging techniques which are available. Phlebectasia of the Internal Jugular Vein (IJV) is a rare disease. It is mostly unilateral and it involves only the right side. It is usually a childhood disease which is diagnosed during the study of an intermittent neck mass. Its treatment is controversial. Presently, a conservative approach to unilateral or bilateral asymptomatic phlebectasia is recommended. Symptomatic phlebectasia requires surgery. The diagnosis is suggested by clinical features which can be confirmed by noninvasive radiology. This paper is reporting a case of unilateral right internal jugular phlebectasia in a 12 year old female patient who complained of an intermittent, right sided neck swelling, where we used UltraSonoGraphy(USG) with Doppler and Contrast enhanced CT(CECT) to evaluate the lesion. PMID:23905140

Bora, Manash Kumar

2013-06-01

154

Traumatismos de veia cava inferior / Inferior vena cava injuries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência, o perfil clínico e as estratégias operatórias dos ferimentos de Veia Cava Inferior (VCI). MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 76 doentes com ferimento de VCI atendidos nos dois prontossocorros de Manaus, no período de janeiro de 1997 a julho [...] de 2002. Mecanismo de lesão, mortalidade, estado hemodinâmico, índice de trauma abdominal penetrante (PATI), achados intra-operatórios e conduta cirúrgica foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e nove (65%) doentes sofreram lesão por arma branca, 26 (34%) por arma de fogo e um por traumatismo abdominal fechado. Quarenta e um (54%) doentes sobreviveram. Quase todos chegaram acordados, entretanto 40% estavam hipotensos (pressão arterial sistólica Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC) require immediate and definitive action. Our objective is to evaluate the incidence, the clinical findings and the operative approach to IVC injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 76 patients with IVC injuries treated in two Emergency Hospitals [...] of Manaus, AM, Brazil, from January 1997 to July 2002. Mechanisms of injuries, mortality, hemodynamic status, penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI), intraoperative findings and surgical approach were among assessed data. RESULTS: Fourty-nine patients (65%) had stab wounds, 26 (34%) gunshot wounds, and one had blunt abdominal trauma. Fourty-one (54%) patients survived. Almost all patients entered the emergency room awake, although 40% were hypotensive (systolic blood pressure

Cleinaldo de Almeida, Costa; José Carlos Costa, Baptista-Silva; Lana Márcia Esteves, Rodrigues; Fabiana Lo Presti, Mendonça; Thiago Silveira, Paiva; Emil, Burihan.

155

Traumatismos de veia cava inferior / Inferior vena cava injuries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência, o perfil clínico e as estratégias operatórias dos ferimentos de Veia Cava Inferior (VCI). MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 76 doentes com ferimento de VCI atendidos nos dois prontossocorros de Manaus, no período de janeiro de 1997 a julho [...] de 2002. Mecanismo de lesão, mortalidade, estado hemodinâmico, índice de trauma abdominal penetrante (PATI), achados intra-operatórios e conduta cirúrgica foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e nove (65%) doentes sofreram lesão por arma branca, 26 (34%) por arma de fogo e um por traumatismo abdominal fechado. Quarenta e um (54%) doentes sobreviveram. Quase todos chegaram acordados, entretanto 40% estavam hipotensos (pressão arterial sistólica Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC) require immediate and definitive action. Our objective is to evaluate the incidence, the clinical findings and the operative approach to IVC injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 76 patients with IVC injuries treated in two Emergency Hospitals [...] of Manaus, AM, Brazil, from January 1997 to July 2002. Mechanisms of injuries, mortality, hemodynamic status, penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI), intraoperative findings and surgical approach were among assessed data. RESULTS: Fourty-nine patients (65%) had stab wounds, 26 (34%) gunshot wounds, and one had blunt abdominal trauma. Fourty-one (54%) patients survived. Almost all patients entered the emergency room awake, although 40% were hypotensive (systolic blood pressure

Cleinaldo de Almeida, Costa; José Carlos Costa, Baptista-Silva; Lana Márcia Esteves, Rodrigues; Fabiana Lo Presti, Mendonça; Thiago Silveira, Paiva; Emil, Burihan.

2005-10-01

156

[Positioning of hemodialysis catheters after locating the internal jugular vein by echo-Doppler].  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite significant progress, vascular access remains a major concern for nephrologists. For the last 6 years we have used as temporary vascular access silastic twin catheters implanted into the internal jugular vein based on Canaud's method. We have developed in 15 patients an ultrasound-guided method using an ultrasonic Doppler to improve access to the internal jugular vein, prior to its catheterization. Ultrasound assistance was provided by a 5MHz mechanical sectorscanning transducer (Toshiba 270A). The internal jugular vein and carotid artery were visualized. The skin overlying the internal jugular vein was marked with indelebile ink. The internal jugular vein was cannulated successfully in 14 patients. The use of ultrasound guidance to cannulate the internal jugular vein improves success, and reduces complications. This method is recommended in patients with distorted cervical or subclavicular anatomic characteristics, or with bleeding tendency. PMID:8047193

Page, B; Souissi, M; Legendre, C; Moreau, J F

1994-01-01

157

Anomalies of transverse and sigmoid sinuses associated with contracted jugular foramina  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Variations of the durai venous sinuses may present puzzling diagnostic and operative problems in the presence of thrombophlebitis. Such variations in sinuses of the posterior cranial fossa are usually associated with contracted jugular foramina and a small internal jugular vein. In the present study 214 sides of the bases of the macerated skulls were examined for the contracted jugular foramen and associated anomalies of the durai venous sinuses. In ten sides (4.67%) out of these an anomaly o...

Manjunath, K. Y.

2004-01-01

158

A Rare Carotid-Basilar Anastomosis Traversing the Jugular Foramen: Origin and Clinical Implications  

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This report describes imaging in a patient with a unique unnamed carotid-basilar anastomosis, where the entry into the skull was via the jugular foramen. There were associated findings of absent right and hypoplastic left vertebral arteries and an aberrant right subclavian artery. We speculate that the persistent anastomosis is developmentally related to the jugular branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery. Clinical implications of the course via the jugular foramen are also discussed.

Ranchod, A. I.; Gora, S.; Swartz, R. N.; Andronikou, S.; Mngomezulu, V.

2011-01-01

159

Jugular foramen neurilemmoma mimicking an intra-axial brainstem tumor--a case report.  

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Jugular foramen neurilemmoma is frequently manifested as a jugular foramen syndrome or extraaxial mass. Neurilemmoma arising from the cranial nerves of the foramen, although rare, may be manifestated as an intracranial or extracranial mass lesion. When the tumor is located only in the intracranium, it is often misdiagnosed as an acoustic neurinoma or a brainstem tumor because of their similarity in clinical or radiological findings. We present a rare case of jugular foramen neurilemmoma with ...

Lee, Y. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, H. T.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, M. H.; Ko, Y.

1996-01-01

160

Surgical management of dural arteriovenous fistulas with transosseous arterial feeders involving the jugular bulb  

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Dural arteriovenous fistulas located in the vicinity of the jugular foramen are complex vascular malformations and belong to the most challenging skull base lesions to treat. The authors comprehensively analyze multiple features in a series of dural arteriovenous fistulas with transosseous arterial feeders involving the jugular bulb. Four patients who underwent surgery via the transcondylar approach to treat dural arteriovenous fistulas around the jugular foramen were retrospectively reviewed...

Tirakotai, W.; Benes, L.; Kappus, C.; Sure, U.; Farhoud, A.; Bien, S.; Bertalanffy, H.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Therapeutic embolization of the dural arteriovenous malformation involving the jugular bulb.  

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Pulsatile tinnitus is a rarely occurring symptom of vascular origin. Most frequently, the symptoms are due to an arteriovenous malformation, to a tumor of the jugular glomus or to a local arterial stenosis. A 39-yr-old Korean male suffering from pulsatile tinnitus of the left ear was diagnosed to have dural arteriovenous malformation of the jugular bulb. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed a high-velocity vascular lesion encroaching the internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinuse...

Park, J. Y.; Ahn, J. Y.; Lee, B. H.; Huh, R.; Choi, H. K.; Shin, M. S.

2001-01-01

162

Behovet av pedagogisk projektledning i interna förändringsprojekt  

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Studien utgår från att interna förändringsprojekt inte alltid lyckas men de behövs för att anpassa och modernisera organisationen. Det är ett sätt att hantera den snabba förändringstakten i samhället och konkurrensen med andra. Antalet projekt ökar liksom kraven på resultat och på vad projektledaren ska kunna. Ett ökat fokus på människorna och på förändringsmotstånd är framgångsfaktorer i uppgiften att ändra på medarbetarnas beteende. Grunden för att leda projekt, sk...

Hedstro?m, Gunilla; Pertun, Maria

2013-01-01

163

Variations in the structure of the jugular foramen of the human skull.  

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The jugular foramina were examined in 156 skulls. In 69% of cases the right was larger than the left and in 23% the left was larger, with the remainder being of equal size. An obvious dome caused by a superior jugular bulb was present bilaterally in 54%, on the right only in 30%, on the left only in 6% and was absent bilaterally in 10%. Of the 312 jugular foramina examined there was no evidence of an enlargement due to a superior jugular bulb in 28%.

Sturrock, R. R.

1988-01-01

164

Morphometry of jugular foramen and determination of standard technique for osteological studies  

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The Jugular foramen is large openings which are placed above and lateral to the foramen magnum in the posterior end of the petro-occipital fissure and the anterior part of jugular foramen is allows the cranial nerves IXth, Xth, XIth the direction of the nerves from behind forwards within the jugular foramen and sometimes jugular tubercle it has acted as a groove and later it becomes enter of the foramen. They lie between the inferior petrosal sinus and the sigmoid sinus. Methods: The Antero-P...

Delhi Raj U, Janaki Cs

2013-01-01

165

Study of the Jugular Foramen of the Human Skull in South Indian Region  

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Full Text Available The Jugular Foramen is situated at the posterior end of the Petro-occipital fissure, which descendsantero-laterally to the exterior. Through this foramen the ninth, tenth and eleventh cranial nervespass and sigmoid sinus continues below with the internal jugular vein and the meningeal branches ofoccipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries enter through the foramen. The increasing use of moderndiagnostic procedures and new surgical approaches has created a need for much more detailedanatomical studies and explanations. Hundred dry south Indian human skulls were collected fromdepartment of anatomy VMKV Medical college and Vinayaka Mission’s Homeopathy MedicalCollege and study was undertaken to measure the size of jugular foramen. The length and width ofjugular foramen 0n right and left side was measured using digital vernier calipers and incidence ofseptation of jugular foramen was notedIn 88% of skulls length of jugular foramen on right side wasthan left and in 12% of skulls length of jugular foramen on left side was more than right.Septationwas seen in 8% of skulls in right side jugular foramen and 11% on left side jugular foramen.In thisstudy it was observed that Jugular foramen was larger on right side in comparision to left side whichwas statistically significant.

Anitha M R

2013-04-01

166

A morphological and morphometric study of jugular foramen in dry skulls with its clinical implications  

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Objective: Jugular foramen of human skull is one of the most interesting foramina. It is a complex bony canal, numerous vital structures, including nerves and vessels are transmitted through it. Most of the intracranial and extra cranial lesions of posterior cranial fossa might affect the structures in jugular foramen in addition to intrinsic abnormalities. As the neurosurgeons have become courageous in approaching this area, so there is a need to become familiar with this area. Hence, the present study was done to examine the anatomy of jugular foramen, including its morphological features and dimensions. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 50 dried skulls. 100 jugular foramina were studied on both right and left side of skulls. The length, width of jugular foramen and width and depth of jugular fossa were measured using vernier calipers. Presence of dome, complete and incomplete septation was also looked for. Results: The mean right and left anteroposterior diameter, latero-medial diameter, area, jugular fossa width, depth in our study was 11.22, 16.52, 187.34, 6.83, 11.58 mm and 9.52, 16.02, 153.2, 5.69, 11.13 mm. Dome was present in jugular foramen in 74% on the right side and 58% on the left side. Complete septation in jugular foramen is seen in 44% on the right side and 42% on the left side. Conclusion: This study will help the neurosurgeons while doing surgery in this region.

Gupta, Chandni; Kurian, Punnose; Seva, Kantharaj Naik; Kalthur, Sneha Guruprasad; D'Souza, Antony Sylvan

2014-01-01

167

Veia gástrica posterior: hipertensão porta Posterior gastric vein: portal hipertension  

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Full Text Available A veia gástrica posterior não é muito citada nos livros de anatomia e nos trabalhos sobre hipertensão porta. Estudou-se sua anatomia, freqüência e desembocadura. Ela foi encontrada em 54% dos casos e, em 100%, desembocava na veia esplênica. Discute-se a vantagem ou não de sua ligadura ou preservação no tratamento cirúrgico da hipertensão porta.The posterior gastric vein has not been mentioned very often neither in anatomy textbooks nor in portal hypertension papers. The authors studied the anatomy, frequency and confluence of this vein because is a huge variety in the presentation of esophageal varices. Twenty-six adult preserved corpses (twenty females and six males had a wide abdominal incision allowing the dissection of the portal system, identifying the frequency and confluence of its tributaries, notably the posterior gastric vein. The portal vein, in all cases, was formed by the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein with the splenic vein and had a mean length of 6.4 cm. The splenic vein had a mean length of 6.5 cm. The left gastric vein was tributary of the portal vein in 50% of the cases and in 30% of the cases in the splenic vein. The right gastric vein had it's confluence to portal vein in 30 % of the cases and to the splenic vein in 4 %. The inferior mesenteric vein was tributary of the splenic vein in 54% of the cases and in the superior mesenteric vein in 46%. The left gastro-omental vein had its confluence to the splenic vein in 50% of the cases and to the inferior polar vein in 34 %. The middle colic vein had its confluence to superior mesenteric vein in 42% of the cases, to inferior mesenteric vein in 12% and to splenic vein in 8%. The posterior gastric vein was found in 54% of the corpses, and in all cases it was a tributary of the splenic vein, in retropancreatic position, coming from the esophageal-gastric junction. These findings agree with previous papers describing a prevalence of 60% of posterior gastric vein in patients submitted to surgery in portal hypertension, and in all cases, this vein was tributary of the splenic vein. The identification of this vein may influence the treatment, because if left untied during cases of portal-azigos disconnection, they may predispose to postoperative bleeding, but in cases of splenorenal anastomosis may preserve its patency in cases of anastomosis occlusion, or can lead again to postoperative bleeding feeding the esophageal varices. To ligate or not this vein will depends on the surgeon 's experience and common sense. Regarding to previous papers and to this data presented here, the authors believe that the prevalence of this vein is between 50 and 60% in the population.

Alcino Lázaro da Silva

1999-10-01

168

Traumatismos de veia cava inferior Inferior vena cava injuries  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência, o perfil clínico e as estratégias operatórias dos ferimentos de Veia Cava Inferior (VCI. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 76 doentes com ferimento de VCI atendidos nos dois prontossocorros de Manaus, no período de janeiro de 1997 a julho de 2002. Mecanismo de lesão, mortalidade, estado hemodinâmico, índice de trauma abdominal penetrante (PATI, achados intra-operatórios e conduta cirúrgica foram estudados. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e nove (65% doentes sofreram lesão por arma branca, 26 (34% por arma de fogo e um por traumatismo abdominal fechado. Quarenta e um (54% doentes sobreviveram. Quase todos chegaram acordados, entretanto 40% estavam hipotensos (pressão arterial sistólica BACKGROUND: Injuries of inferior vena cava (IVC require immediate and definitive action. Our objective is to evaluate the incidence, the clinical findings and the operative approach to IVC injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 76 patients with IVC injuries treated in two Emergency Hospitals of Manaus, AM, Brazil, from January 1997 to July 2002. Mechanisms of injuries, mortality, hemodynamic status, penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI, intraoperative findings and surgical approach were among assessed data. RESULTS: Fourty-nine patients (65% had stab wounds, 26 (34% gunshot wounds, and one had blunt abdominal trauma. Fourty-one (54% patients survived. Almost all patients entered the emergency room awake, although 40% were hypotensive (systolic blood pressure < 70 mmHg, and the penetrating abdominal trauma index average was above 40. At laparotomy, active retroperitoneal bleeding or an expanding retroperitoneal hematoma were detected in all cases. Caval injury was retro-hepatic in 21 patients, and infrahepatic in the other 55. The prevailing surgical approach was lateral repair in 65 patients. Atrial-caval shunting was tried in six patients, with only three survivals. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that IVC injury remains a highly lethal injury and there is a close relationship with urban violence. This study emphasizes that successful outcome depends on prompt volume restoration, avoidance of hypothermia and a stratified selective surgical approach.

Cleinaldo de Almeida Costa

2005-10-01

169

A veia ázigos direita na cutia (Dasyprocta aguti, rodentia) / The right azygos vein in agouti (Dasyprocta aguti, rodentia)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O comportamento da veia ázigos, sua formação e topografia foram estudados em 10 cutias (Dasyprocta aguti, rodentia) adultas (6 machos e 4 fêmeas, capturadas no estado do Piauí, Brasil). Este trabalho tem por objetivo constituir a base de outras investigações, particularmente aquelas referentes à exp [...] loração zootécnica desta espécie. O sistema de veia ázigos foi injetado com látex - Neoprene 671, e os animais foram colocados em solução aquosa de formol a 10%, e dissecados. Em todas as espécies foi observado que a veia ázigos sempre chega na veia cava cranial em nível do quarto espaço intercostal. A veia ázigos recebe em (50%) dos casos as veias intercostais à direita e (50%) à esquerda. As tributárias da veia ázigos são: as veias frênicas (100%) e a veia bronco esofágica (30%). A veia hemiázigos aparece em todos os casos à esquerda e em 60% dos casos à direita. A veia ázigos comunica-se com a veia hemiázigos esquerda (90%), e com a direita (100%), com a veia cava caudal e veias intervertebrais, com igual freqüência (30%). Abstract in english The behaviour of the azygos vein, its formation and topography were studied in 10 cutias (Dasyprocta aguti, rodentia) adults (6 males and 4 females) captured in the State of Piauí, Brazil. This research intends to be a base for other investigations, particularly those with reference to zootechnical [...] exploration of this species. The azygos venous system was injected with latex (Neoprene 671), then the animals were put in watery solution of formol 10%, and dissected. In all specimens it was observed that the azygos vein always arrives in the cranial vena cava on a level with fourth intercostal space. The azygos vein receives more frequently (50%), the intercostal veins on the right side and 5 (50%) on the left one. The tributaries of the azygos vein are the phrenic veins (l00%), and the broncoesophagea vein (30%). The hemiazygos vein is in all cases on the left side and in 60% of the cases on the right side. The azygos vein communicates with the left hemiazygos vein (90%), with the right one (100%), and with the vena cava caudal and intervertebral veins, with equal frequency (30%).

Paola Franssinetti Nunes Machado, OLIVEIRA; Maria Acelina Martins, CARVALHO; Wilson Machado, SOUZA; Maria Angélica, MIGLINO.

170

Central venous infusion port inserted via high versus low jugular venous approaches: Retrospective comparison of outcome and complications  

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Purpose: To retrospectively compare immediate and long-term outcome of central venous infusion port inserted via right high versus low jugular vein approaches. Materials and methods: The study included 163 patients (125 women patients, 38 men patients; age range, 18-79 years; mean age, 53 years); 142 patients underwent port insertion with low jugular vein approach and 21 patients with high jugular vein approach. The causes of high jugular vein puncture were metastatic lymphadenopathy (n = 7), operation scar (n = 6), radiation scar (n = 5), failure of low jugular vein puncture (n = 2), and abnormal course of right subclavian artery (n = 1). Medical records and radiologic studies were reviewed retrospectively to determine and compare the outcome and the occurrence of complication related to port. Results: The procedure-related complications were all minor (n = 14, 8.6%) in both groups; hematoma (n = 4, 2.8% in low jugular puncture group and n = 1, 4.8% in high jugular puncture group, p = 0.6295), air embolism (n = 2, 1.4% in low jugular puncture group and n = 0 in high jugular puncture group, p = 0.5842) and minor bleeding (n = 5, 3.5% in low jugular vein puncture group and n = 2, 9.5% in high jugular vein puncture group, p = 0.2054). The average length of follow-up was 431 days for low jugular vein puncture group and 284 days for high jugular vein puncture group. The difference between two groups was significant (p = 0.0349). The reasons for catheter removal were patients' death (59 in low jugular puncture group and 14 in high jugular puncture group, p = 0.0465), suspected infection (11 in low jugular vein puncture group and 2 in high jugular vein puncture group, p = 0.8242), catheter occlusion (four in low jugular vein puncture group and one in high jugular vein puncture group, p = 0.6583). The catheter tip migrated upward an average of 1.86 cm (range, -0.5 to 5.0 cm) in low jugular vein puncture group and 1.56 cm (range, 0-3.6 cm) in high jugular vein puncture group and there was no significant difference (p = 0.4232). Conclusions: Right high jugular vein approach can be a feasible alternative to right low jugular vein approach.

Park, Hong Suk [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, 809 Madu 1-dong, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 411-764 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: hpark@dreamwiz.com; Kim, Young Il; Lee, Sang Hyun; Kim, Jung Im; Seo, Hyobin; Lee, Sang Min; Lee, Youkyung; Lim, Min Kyung [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, 809 Madu 1-dong, Ilsan-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 411-764 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Young Suk [Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2009-12-15

171

Pattern of inner retinal layers involvement in pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy as determined by SD-OCT: case report / Padrão de envolvimento das camadas retinianas internas na atrofia retinocoroidiana pigmentada paravenosa determinado pelo SD-OCT: relato de caso  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atrofia retinocoroidiana pigmentada paravenosa é uma doença ocular caracterizada por atrofia localizada da coroide e da retina externa associada a áreas de pigmentação em espícula óssea depositada ao longo das veias retinianas. Como é uma condição rara, há pouca informação na literatura sobre o padr [...] ão de envolvimento das camadas mais internas da retina. Relatamos o caso de um homem branco, de 41 anos, encaminhado incialmente para avaliação de glaucoma. Apresentava à fundoscopia áreas de atrofia retinocoroidiana com pigmentação leve sobrejacente, estendendo-se desde o disco óptico e seguindo ao longo da veia temporal inferior da retina em ambos os olhos. Por meio de diferentes protocolos da tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral (SD-OCT) identificamos um afinamento significante das camadas internas da retina ao longo da veia temporal inferior, mas com uma área de intervalo lúcido ao redor do disco óptico. A perimetria automatizada acromática revelou um escotoma arqueado superior absoluto, poupando a fixação central em ambos os olhos e correspondendo às áreas de atrofia ao longo das veias retinianas (boa correlação anátomo-funcional). Este padrão de envolvimento das camadas retinianas internas não havia sido descrito anteriormente. Acreditamos que o SD-OCT contribuiu significativamente para a descrição anatômica desse caso e que estes novos achados devam ser considerados e correlacionados com o estado funcional ao avaliar esses pacientes. Abstract in english Pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy is an ocular disease characterized by outer retina and choroidal atrophy often with overlying intraretinal bone spicule pigment deposition along the retinal veins. As a rare condition, there is scant information in the literature regarding the pattern of [...] inner retinal layers involvement. We present a case of a 41-year-old white man initially referred for a glaucoma evaluation. Fundoscopy revealed patches of retinochoroidal atrophy and light pigmentation extending from the optic nerve head along the inferior-temporal retinal veins in both eyes. Using different spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) protocols we identified a significant thinning of the inner retinal layers along the inferior-temporal veins, but with a lucid interval surrounding the optic nerve head. Standard automated perimetry revealed a superior absolute arcuate scotoma sparing the central fixation (good structure-functional correlation). This pattern of inner retinal layers involvement was not previously described. We believe SD-OCT added significantly to the anatomical description of this case. Physicians should consider these new anatomical findings and correlate them with functional status while assessing these patients.

Daniela Laura Melo, Junqueira; Flavio Siqueira Santos, Lopes; Luís Gustavo, Biteli; Tiago Santos, Prata.

2013-12-01

172

Pattern of inner retinal layers involvement in pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy as determined by SD-OCT: case report / Padrão de envolvimento das camadas retinianas internas na atrofia retinocoroidiana pigmentada paravenosa determinado pelo SD-OCT: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atrofia retinocoroidiana pigmentada paravenosa é uma doença ocular caracterizada por atrofia localizada da coroide e da retina externa associada a áreas de pigmentação em espícula óssea depositada ao longo das veias retinianas. Como é uma condição rara, há pouca informação na literatura sobre o padr [...] ão de envolvimento das camadas mais internas da retina. Relatamos o caso de um homem branco, de 41 anos, encaminhado incialmente para avaliação de glaucoma. Apresentava à fundoscopia áreas de atrofia retinocoroidiana com pigmentação leve sobrejacente, estendendo-se desde o disco óptico e seguindo ao longo da veia temporal inferior da retina em ambos os olhos. Por meio de diferentes protocolos da tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral (SD-OCT) identificamos um afinamento significante das camadas internas da retina ao longo da veia temporal inferior, mas com uma área de intervalo lúcido ao redor do disco óptico. A perimetria automatizada acromática revelou um escotoma arqueado superior absoluto, poupando a fixação central em ambos os olhos e correspondendo às áreas de atrofia ao longo das veias retinianas (boa correlação anátomo-funcional). Este padrão de envolvimento das camadas retinianas internas não havia sido descrito anteriormente. Acreditamos que o SD-OCT contribuiu significativamente para a descrição anatômica desse caso e que estes novos achados devam ser considerados e correlacionados com o estado funcional ao avaliar esses pacientes. Abstract in english Pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy is an ocular disease characterized by outer retina and choroidal atrophy often with overlying intraretinal bone spicule pigment deposition along the retinal veins. As a rare condition, there is scant information in the literature regarding the pattern of [...] inner retinal layers involvement. We present a case of a 41-year-old white man initially referred for a glaucoma evaluation. Fundoscopy revealed patches of retinochoroidal atrophy and light pigmentation extending from the optic nerve head along the inferior-temporal retinal veins in both eyes. Using different spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) protocols we identified a significant thinning of the inner retinal layers along the inferior-temporal veins, but with a lucid interval surrounding the optic nerve head. Standard automated perimetry revealed a superior absolute arcuate scotoma sparing the central fixation (good structure-functional correlation). This pattern of inner retinal layers involvement was not previously described. We believe SD-OCT added significantly to the anatomical description of this case. Physicians should consider these new anatomical findings and correlate them with functional status while assessing these patients.

Daniela Laura Melo, Junqueira; Flavio Siqueira Santos, Lopes; Luís Gustavo, Biteli; Tiago Santos, Prata.

173

Estudo da regeneração de nervos tibiais de ratos Wistar em sutura primária com "gap" e sem "gap", cobertos por segmentos de veia / Study of tibial nerve regenration in Wistar rats in primary neurorrhaphy with and without gap, wrapped in vein segments  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O presente estudo comparou, em ratos da raça Wistar, a regeneração nervosa nas suturas epineurais com espaçamento de 1,0mm (com "gap") e sem espaçamento (sem "gap"), ambos cobertos com tubo de veia jugular externa, através da contagem de motoneurônios no nível da medula espinhal entre L3 e [...] S1, marcados por meio de exposição do nervo tibial ao Fluoro - Goldâ (FG). MÉTODO: Os nervos tibias de ambos os lados foram seccionados e foram realizadas suturas epineurais com "gap" e, no lado contralateral, sem "gap" sendo que as suturas foram cobertas com tubo de veia. Após quatro meses do procedimento cirúrgico, os nervos tibias foram expostos ao FG, perfundidos e realizada a contagem dos motoneurônios na medula espinhal. RESULTADOS: Para a análise estatística foi utilizado o teste de Wilcoxon pareado, onde obtivemos um resultado estatisticamente significante entre o número de motoneurônios do grupo com "gap" em relação ao sem "gap" (p= 0,013). CONCLUSÃO: Obtivemos melhores resultados na contagem de motoneurônios daqueles nervos onde haviam sido realizadas as suturas primárias sem "gap", quando comparados com as suturas com "gap". Nível de Evidência: Estudo Experimental. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study compared nerve regeneration in Wistar rats, using epineural neurorrhaphy with a gap of 1.0 mm and without a gap, both wrapped with jugular vein tubes. Motor neurons in the spinal cord between L3 and S1 were used for the count, marked by exposure of the tibial nerve to Fluoro-Go [...] ld (FG). METHOD: The tibial nerves on both sides were cut and sutured, with a gap on one side and no gap in the other. The sutures were wrapped with a jugular vein. Four months after surgery the tibial nerves were exposed to Fluoro-Gold and the motor neuron count performed in the spinal cord. RESULTS: The results were statistically analyzed by the paired Wilcoxon test. There was a statistical difference between the groups with and without gap in relation to the motor neuron count (p=0.013). CONCLUSION: The epineural neurorraphy without gap wrapped with jugular vein showed better results for nerve regeneration than the same procedure with gap. Level of Evidence: Experimental Study.

Ewerton Bastos dos, Santos; Marcela, Fernandes; João Baptista Gomes dos, Santos; Vilnei Mattioli, Leite; Sandra Gomes, Valente; Flávio, Faloppa.

174

Estudo comparativo entre enxerto autógeno e enxerto muscular coberto com tubo de veia autógeno em nervos tibiais de ratos wistar, utilizando o fluoro-gold® como marcador neuronal / Comparative study between autogenous graft and muscular graft covered with autogenous vein tube in wistar rats' tibial nerves using the fluoro-gold® as a neuronal marker  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho teve como objetivo o estudo da regeneração nervosa através da contagem de neurônios comparando duas técnicas cirúrgicas no tratamento da perda de substância nervosa nos membros inferiores em 15 ratos. Inicialmente obteve-se tubo de veia de 12mm de comprimento retirado da jugular extern [...] a esquerda. A seguir, opera-se os dois membros inferiores, expondo o nervo tibial de cada lado e ressecando um segmento de 8 mm do nervo, simulando, ao mesmo tempo, a perda de substância e a obtenção do enxerto nervoso autógeno. A reparação da perda de substância do lado esquerdo consistiu numa enxertia convencional simples para a reparação de lesão nervosa por meio de sutura microcirúrgica. A do membro inferior direito foi pela tubulização com 8 mm de enxerto de músculo quadríceps denaturado com nitrogênio líquido coberto com veia jugular. Após quatro meses, os animais foram submetidos à nova cirurgia para exposição dos nervos tibiais ao marcador neuronal Fluoro Gold®. Após 48 horas, foram perfundidos e o segmento medular entre L3 e S1 foi removido e posteriormente cortado em secções de 40 µm. Houve contagem neuronal de todos os cortes e não foram verificadas diferenças estatísticas entre as duas técnicas cirúrgicas. Abstract in english The purpose of this work was to study nervous regeneration through neurons counts by comparing two surgical techniques for addressing nervous gaps on 15 rats' lower limbs. Initially, a 12-mm long vein tube from the left outer jugular was obtained, and then both lower limbs are operated, exposing the [...] tibial nerve at each side and performing a resection of an 8-mm nerve segment, at the same time simulating a gap and an autogenous nerve graft. Left gap repair consisted of a usual conventional graft for nervous injury repair by means of microsurgical suture. The gap repair on right lower limbs was made through quadriceps muscle, treated with liquid nitrogen, covered with an 8-mm tube of jugular vein. After four months, the animals were submitted to a new surgery for exposing tibial nerves to the Fluoro-Gold® neuronal marker. After 48 hours, the rats were perfused and medullar segment between L3 and S1 was removed and subsequently cut into 40µm sections. Neurons on all sections were counted, and no statistical differences were found between both surgical techniques.

Marcela, Fernandes; Sandra Gomes, Valente; Débora, Amado; Maria José da Silva, Fernandes; Maria da Graça, Naffah-Mazzacoratti; João Baptista Gomes dos, Santos; Flávio, Faloppa; Vilnei Mattioli, Leite.

175

Estudo comparativo entre enxerto autógeno e enxerto muscular coberto com tubo de veia autógeno em nervos tibiais de ratos wistar, utilizando o fluoro-gold® como marcador neuronal Comparative study between autogenous graft and muscular graft covered with autogenous vein tube in wistar rats' tibial nerves using the fluoro-gold® as a neuronal marker  

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Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo o estudo da regeneração nervosa através da contagem de neurônios comparando duas técnicas cirúrgicas no tratamento da perda de substância nervosa nos membros inferiores em 15 ratos. Inicialmente obteve-se tubo de veia de 12mm de comprimento retirado da jugular externa esquerda. A seguir, opera-se os dois membros inferiores, expondo o nervo tibial de cada lado e ressecando um segmento de 8 mm do nervo, simulando, ao mesmo tempo, a perda de substância e a obtenção do enxerto nervoso autógeno. A reparação da perda de substância do lado esquerdo consistiu numa enxertia convencional simples para a reparação de lesão nervosa por meio de sutura microcirúrgica. A do membro inferior direito foi pela tubulização com 8 mm de enxerto de músculo quadríceps denaturado com nitrogênio líquido coberto com veia jugular. Após quatro meses, os animais foram submetidos à nova cirurgia para exposição dos nervos tibiais ao marcador neuronal Fluoro Gold®. Após 48 horas, foram perfundidos e o segmento medular entre L3 e S1 foi removido e posteriormente cortado em secções de 40 µm. Houve contagem neuronal de todos os cortes e não foram verificadas diferenças estatísticas entre as duas técnicas cirúrgicas.The purpose of this work was to study nervous regeneration through neurons counts by comparing two surgical techniques for addressing nervous gaps on 15 rats' lower limbs. Initially, a 12-mm long vein tube from the left outer jugular was obtained, and then both lower limbs are operated, exposing the tibial nerve at each side and performing a resection of an 8-mm nerve segment, at the same time simulating a gap and an autogenous nerve graft. Left gap repair consisted of a usual conventional graft for nervous injury repair by means of microsurgical suture. The gap repair on right lower limbs was made through quadriceps muscle, treated with liquid nitrogen, covered with an 8-mm tube of jugular vein. After four months, the animals were submitted to a new surgery for exposing tibial nerves to the Fluoro-Gold® neuronal marker. After 48 hours, the rats were perfused and medullar segment between L3 and S1 was removed and subsequently cut into 40µm sections. Neurons on all sections were counted, and no statistical differences were found between both surgical techniques.

Marcela Fernandes

2007-01-01

176

Estudo da regeneração de nervos tibiais de ratos Wistar em sutura primária com "gap" e sem "gap", cobertos por segmentos de veia Study of tibial nerve regenration in Wistar rats in primary neurorrhaphy with and without gap, wrapped in vein segments  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O presente estudo comparou, em ratos da raça Wistar, a regeneração nervosa nas suturas epineurais com espaçamento de 1,0mm (com "gap" e sem espaçamento (sem "gap", ambos cobertos com tubo de veia jugular externa, através da contagem de motoneurônios no nível da medula espinhal entre L3 e S1, marcados por meio de exposição do nervo tibial ao Fluoro - Goldâ (FG. MÉTODO: Os nervos tibias de ambos os lados foram seccionados e foram realizadas suturas epineurais com "gap" e, no lado contralateral, sem "gap" sendo que as suturas foram cobertas com tubo de veia. Após quatro meses do procedimento cirúrgico, os nervos tibias foram expostos ao FG, perfundidos e realizada a contagem dos motoneurônios na medula espinhal. RESULTADOS: Para a análise estatística foi utilizado o teste de Wilcoxon pareado, onde obtivemos um resultado estatisticamente significante entre o número de motoneurônios do grupo com "gap" em relação ao sem "gap" (p= 0,013. CONCLUSÃO: Obtivemos melhores resultados na contagem de motoneurônios daqueles nervos onde haviam sido realizadas as suturas primárias sem "gap", quando comparados com as suturas com "gap". Nível de Evidência: Estudo Experimental.OBJECTIVE: This study compared nerve regeneration in Wistar rats, using epineural neurorrhaphy with a gap of 1.0 mm and without a gap, both wrapped with jugular vein tubes. Motor neurons in the spinal cord between L3 and S1 were used for the count, marked by exposure of the tibial nerve to Fluoro-Gold (FG. METHOD: The tibial nerves on both sides were cut and sutured, with a gap on one side and no gap in the other. The sutures were wrapped with a jugular vein. Four months after surgery the tibial nerves were exposed to Fluoro-Gold and the motor neuron count performed in the spinal cord. RESULTS: The results were statistically analyzed by the paired Wilcoxon test. There was a statistical difference between the groups with and without gap in relation to the motor neuron count (p=0.013. CONCLUSION: The epineural neurorraphy without gap wrapped with jugular vein showed better results for nerve regeneration than the same procedure with gap. Level of Evidence: Experimental Study.

Ewerton Bastos dos Santos

2012-01-01

177

Las Cuatro Dimensiones de la Comunicación Interna  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Cada dia são mais as consultoras globais que se interesam nas comunicações internas, devido ao impacto que têm em quatro grandes âmbitos da gestão organizacional. Existe amplo consenso sobre o papel das comunicações internas para alinhar aos funcionários de uma organização. Esto implica orienta-los [...] sobre as condutas necessárias para fazer real os objetivos estratégicos da organização; e, ao tempo, fortalecer os comportamentos que constituem a identidade e tangibilizam os valores corporativos. Também sobre a importância de ter colaboradores comprometidos, que não só conheçam, senão também valorem a proposta que a organização faz para retê-los e mantê-los motivados. Finalmente, cada dia é mais evidente e relevante que uma organização se vincule com seu entorno e faça participar a seus colaboradores de sua responsabilidade corporativa. Abstract in spanish Cada día son más las consultoras globales que se interesan en las comunicaciones internas, dado el impacto que tienen en cuatro grandes ámbitos de la gestión organizacional. Existe amplio consenso sobre el rol de las comunicaciones internas para alinear a los integrantes de una organización. Esto im [...] plica, orientarlos sobre las conductas necesarias para hacer real los objetivos estratégicos de la organización; y, al mismo tiempo, fortalecer aquellos comportamientos que constituyen la identidad y tangibilizan los valores corporativos. También sobre la importancia de tener colaboradores comprometidos, que no sólo conozcan, sino también valoren la propuesta que la organización hace para retenerlos y mantenerlos motivados. Finalmente, cada día es más evidente y relevante que una organización se vincule con su entorno y haga partícipes a sus colaboradores de su responsabilidad corporativa. Abstract in english : Global communications consultants interest in internal communications has dramatically increased in the past few years, due to the impact that they have in four great scopes of the organizational management. It exists a wide consensus on the role of the internal communications to align to the memb [...] ers of an organization. This implies, to orient them on which behaviors are necessary to make real the strategic goals of the organization; and, at the same time, to fortify those behaviors that constitute the identity and shaped the corporate values. The article focuses also on the importance of having colleagues who not only know, but also value the organization offers that aim to retain and get them motivated. Finally, every day is more evident and relevant than an organization ties with its environment and makes their colleagues become contributors of its corporate responsibility.

Julio, Reyes.

178

Anatomical study of the superior jugular bulb by use of high-resolution computed tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Using high-resolutiion computed tomography, the relationship between the superior jugular bulb and the tympanic cavity was analysed in 40 subjects. Until now, the superior jugular bulb was thought to lie below the floor of the hypotympanum, however, the following observations were made from this study: In 48 (60%) out of 80 temporal bones (40 cases), the top of the superior jugular bulb was situated in the higher level than the floor of the hypotympanum. In 9 cases, the jugular bulb was separated from the tympanic cavity by only thin bony wall. This finding was noticed on the right side in 8 cases and was bilateral in a case. In 21 cases (52.5%), the right jugular bulb was situated in higher level than the left, and the reverse finding was noticed only in 4 cases (10.0%). The reason why the right jugular bulb is frequently higher than the left was thought to be related to its function. Namely, the jugular bulb is useful to absorb the pulsation of the carotid artery, therefore, it was considerd that the anatomical and physiological differences between the right and left carotid arteries induce the asymmetry of the jugular bulbs. (author)

179

Arterialização seletiva da veia interventricular anterior: opção de revascularização miocárdica / Selective arterialization of the anterior interventricular vein: a choice for myocardial revascularization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é referir dois casos cirúrgicos, onde, após ressecção de aneurisma de ventrículo esquerdo, a revascularização do miocárdio através da artéria interventricular anterior (AIA) não foi possível. Utilizando-se a artéria torácica interna (ATI) esquerda, optou-se pela anatomose c [...] om a veia interventricular anterior (VIA) com ligadura próxima, para estabelecimento do fluxo retrógrado e evitar a formação de fístula artenovenosa. Não houve mortalidade e os resultados a curto prazo são encorajadores. Testes de perfusão miocárdica com radioisótopos no pré e no pós-operatório, assim como angiografia do sistema coronário e da artéria torácica interna esquerda pré e pós-operatória são apresentados e discutidos. O objetivo da cirurgia de aneurisma ventricular é a recomposição geométrica do ventrículo esquerdo e revascularização de possíveis áreas isquémicas. Na impossibilidade de revascularização direta da artéria interventricular anterior, a técnica citada demonstra ser facilmente exeqüível e, a curto prazo, com bons resultados. Abstract in english The purpose of this study is to report two surgical cases, whereby after the repair of the left ventricular aneurysm, the myocardial revascularization of the interventricular anterior artery (IAA) was not possible. Using the left internal thoracic artery it was decided to perform anastomosis with th [...] e interventricular anterior (IAA) and its cephalad ligation, in order to obtain a retrograde flow and to avoid an arteriovenous fistula formation. There was no mortality and the results are optimistic in a short follow-up of these two patients. Myocardial perfusion tests and pre and post-operative angiography of the coronary system and the left internal thoracic artery are assessed and discussed. The geometrical reconstruction of the left ventricle and the revascularization of the ischemic areas play major role in the repair of postinfarction ventricular aneurysm. When it is not possible to access diretly the revascularization of the IAV this technique is safely and easily perfomed and shows satisfactory results in a short period of time.

Luiz Fernando, Kubrusly; Márcio, Escorsin; Antonio Carlos, Zavelinski; Paulo Henrique, Stahlke; Sérgio, Savytzky; Denise Bermudez, Kubrusly.

180

Transposicão da veia gástrica esquerda ou da veia mesentérica inferior como alternativas de revascularizacão portal no transplante ortotópico de fígado Transposition of the left gastric vein or the inferior mesenteric vein as alternatives to portal reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar e discutir indicações e resultados iniciais de duas alternativas técnicas para reconstrução portal em receptores de transplante hepático com veia porta trombosada ou hipoplásica. MÉTODO: São apresentados três casos de transplante hepático em portadores de veia porta imprestável para revascularização do enxerto. Constatada essa inadequação, por ausência de calibre e fluxo mínimos para uma anastomose segura com a veia porta do doador, a veia gástrica esquerda (duas vezes ou a veia mesentérica inferior do receptor foi dissecada, ligada distalmente, transposta e anastomosada com a veia porta do doador. RESULTADOS: Nos três casos, as anastomoses resultaram isodiamétricas, sem torsões ou acotovelamentos, permitindo uma revascularização do enxerto homogênea, adequada do ponto de vista macroscópico e funcional, comprovada pela evolução favorável e por fluxometria Doppler pós-operatória. CONCLUSÕES: Os autores concluem que a veia gástrica esquerda e a veia mesentérica inferior podem se constituir em boas alternativas para a reconstrução portal de receptores de transplante hepático com veia porta inadequada.BACKGROUND: Thrombosis or hypoplasia of the portal vein remains an obstacle in orthotopic liver transplantation. The authors present the technique and initial results of two alternatives to portal vein reconstruction in these cases. METHODS: Three patients who suffered end stage liver disease underwent orthotopic liver transplantation. As the portal vein was inadequate in each case, the left gastric vein (two cases or the inferior mesenteric vein was isolated, tied distally, transposed and anastomosed to the donor portal vein. RESULTS: In all three cases the reperfusion was apparently satisfactory and the postoperative course was uneventful. Doppler ultrasonography and liver function tests confirmed the sufficiency of the portal flow. CONCLUSION: The left gastric vein or the inferior mesenteric vein may be a good alternative to portal reconstruction in liver transplant.

Cláudio Moura Lacerda

2004-08-01

 
 
 
 
181

A veia gástrica esquerda como alternativa de revasculariza??ão portal no transplante hepático  

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Full Text Available Trombose ou hipoplasia da veia porta não tem sido, ainda, considerados contra-indicações para o transplante ortotópico de fígado. Contudo, permanecem com obstáculos associados com aumento da freqüência de falha primária e a longo prazo do transplante de fígado. Existem alguns fatores de risco tais como: sexo masculino, cirrose avançada, doença hepática alcoólica e cirurgia prévia para hipertensão portal. Os autores relatam o caso de uma criança de 4 anos, do sexo feminino, que sofria de doença terminal do fígado resultante de atresia de vias biliares e que tinha submetido, sem sucesso, a uma operação de Kasai. Ela se submeteu a um transplante ortotópico de fígado por cirrose biliar secundária. Durante a cirurgia uma hipoplasia portal severa do receptor foi encontrada. Uma anastomose entre a veia gástrica esquerda do receptor e a veia porta do doador foi feita. Reperfusão hepática e subseqüente função do fígado foram excelentes. A paciente recebeu alta hospitalar no trigésimo dia. A veia gástrica esquerda pode ser uma alternativa para revascularização portal no transplante hepático.

Lacerda Cláudio Moura

2002-01-01

182

A thin-slice radioanatomic study of jugular foramen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To observe and analyze the CT and MR imaging of the structures in the region of the jugular foramen (JF) on the base of thin-slice anatomic study. Methods: Having been scanned by multislice CT and 1.5T MR scanner, two formalin-preserved adult cadavers were dissected into 1.0 mm thickness contiguous sections in transverse plane. Twenty cases without skull base and nasopharyngeal history received routine and post-contrast CT examinations with spiral and HQ mode. Twenty healthy volunteers received MR scanning, including SE T1WI, FSE T2WI, and 3D RF-FAST (3D Radio-Frequency Fourier Acquired Steady-State) sequences. Results: JF region was divided into three levels, which included inner aperture, the jugular cavity, and the outer aperture. At the entrance of JF, there were glossopharyngeal canal and vagal canal, which wrapped the IX nerve and X and XI nerves, respectively. CT images could display these canals in 20 cases (100%). Furthermore, the IX, X and XI nerves could be identified on different MR sequences. 17 cases (85%) were displayed on 3D RF-FAST, 14 cases (70%) on SE T1WI, and 10 cases (50%) on FSE T2WI, respectively. From the anterior to the posterior compartment within the JF cavity, the structures ranged as follows: the IX nerve, the inferior petrosal sinus, the X and XI nerves, and the jugular bulb. These neuro-vessel structures could not be distinguished on CT, SE T1WI, and FSE T2WI images, except for 3D RF-FAST (16 cases, 80%). The outer aperture of JF was adjacent to the hypoglossal canal. The shape of JF outer aperture could be evaluated on CT images. On the oblique plane, which was parallel to the hypoglossal canal, the posterior cranial nerves could be detected to enter/exit the skull through the JF and hypoglossal canal separately. Conclusion: The complement of CT and MR imaging would be helpful to distinguish the structures in the region of JF

183

Effect of reoperation embolization on Glomus Jugulare tumors  

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Full Text Available 22 patients were reviewed retrospectively to determine the effects of embolization on Glomus Jugulare tumors. 6 patients underwent embolization and 16 did not. All tumors were removed with a type A infratemporal foassa approach. The patients were evaluated for operative blood loss, operative time, length of hospitalization and new post-operative nerve deficits. The embolized group lost less blood and shorter operative times and less hospitalization. Embolization did not reduce the incidence of new post-operative cranial nerve deficits. The experience of the surgeon and operative team also play a significant role in the reduction of blood loss and operating time. Embolization carries a risk of significant morbidity, and its use depends on the experience of the radiologist.

Khorsandi MT

2000-06-01

184

Jugular neck dissection for NO neck supraglottic carcinoma  

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Full Text Available Appropriate management of patients with supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma and negative findings in the neck is still controversial. A prospective and retrospective study comprised 193 patients who were treated primary surgically between 1976 and 1993. They all had clinically and ultrasound negative findings on the neck (NO. Supraglottic carcinomas usually spread regionally. Metastases develop in the jugular group, between level II-IV. The incidence of metastases has been reported to vary from 12 to 62.5%. The size and localization of the primary tumor, its histological grade, genotype of the malignant cells, imunological and other elucidated factors can all affect the incidence of regional spread. AIM Aim of this study was to specify the incidence of occult cervical metastases; to analyze the distribution of occult metastases related to tumor localization; to specify the distribution of occult metastases related to local spread; to analyze the distribution of occult metastases according to localization in the neck. RESULTS All patients had primary surgery of primary tumor and bilateral jugular, selective neck dissection at the level II-IV with histological examination of removed lymphoid tissue. Out of 193 patients, metastatic deposits were detected in 35(18%. Occult metastases were found in patients with carcinoma of the epilarynx in 19% (14/72 of cases, and in 17% (21/121 patients with carcinoma of the supraglottis excluding the epilarynx. This difference in frequency is not statistically significant. The incidence of occult metastases in epilaryngeal tumors did not depend on the degree of local spread. Even relatively small tumors (T1 and T2 yielded occult metastases in 33% (5/15, and 24% (6/25 of patients, respectively. In patients with T1 tumors localized at the supraglottis, excluding the epilarinx, occult metastases were not found. In the supragiottis excluding the epilarynx increased local spread was associated an increase of occult metastases. The incidence of occult metastases was directly related to the degree of the local spread of the tumor in the supraglottis excluding the epilarynx (Table 1. Occult metastases were usually ipsilateral, like the palpable ones. In medially localized tumors bilateral netastases were possible. Ipsilateral metastases were more frequent than both bilateral and contralateral ones. The possibility of contraiateral and bilateral occult metastases necessitated bilateral neck dissection. Postoperative radiotherapy (60 Gy was given to all patients with verified occult metastases. Only in two patients (1% of the total did metastases develop subsequently, indicating the effectiveness of planned postoperatrive radiotherapy. DISCUSSION Controversies in application of jugular, selective neck dissection are presently since it has been in use, because of the unclear role wich regional lymph tissue play in antitumor immune response. Jugular, selective neck dissection was advocated in all patients with a primary supraglottic laryngeal carcinomas. It was suggested that selective neck dissection was needed only in advanced (T3 and T4 tumors. Selective dissection is believed to be needed only when tumor has spread into the vallecula, the base of the tongue, or the medial wall of the piriform sinus. The idea of selective neck dissection has been opposed since the protective role of the cervical lymph tissue has been stressed. Ultrasound and computerized tomography of the neck cannot detect occult metastases. Today, only removal and histological examination of the lymph tissue can determine occult metastasis. The importance of selective neck dissection is considered in diagnostic biopsy procedure by wich occult metastatic spread in the neck region is established. CONCLUSION Due to the tendency of supraglottic carcinoma resulting in occult cervical metastases, early detection is imperative in order to apply the appropriate therapy. Occult cervical metastases are usually ipsilateral, but bilateral and contralateral may be found as well. Due to the aforementioned, it is necessary to

Petrovi? Željko

2004-01-01

185

Jugular foramen meningiomas. Review of the major surgical series  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Primary jugular foramen meningiomas are uncommon, with 96 previous cases published between 1992 and 2007. Exact location and extent of tumor were determined on the basis of radiologic and operative findings and used to develop a staging system. The mean age of patients was 39.4 years. The lesion was located on the right in 14 patients and on the left in 11 patients. The series identified 23 males and 58 females. The most common presenting clinical symptoms were hearing loss and tinnitus. Most clinical findings were middle ear mass and neck mass. Most meningiomas were World Health Organization grade I. The most common postoperative complications were lower cranial nerve paresis and facial nerve paresis. Surgical planning should consider that meningiomas usually invade the dura mater, cranial nerves, and surrounding bone. The surgeon should carefully collect detailed data about the tumor, and consult an otolaryngologist preoperatively for lower cranial nerve functions and hearing levels.(author)

186

Cervical spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with internal jugular vein thrombosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare condition, and its etiology remains unclear. Spinal venous wall instability due to intravenous pressure changes and the resultant venous rupture seem to be the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Here, the authors report a case of posterior SSEH at the C3-5 level causing mild left hemiparesis in a previously healthy 56-year-old woman. Angiography performed at the time of admission showed left internal jugular vein (IJV) thrombotic occlusion and dilation of the surrounding venous plexus, strongly suggesting that these pathologies caused the SSEH. Furthermore, immediate MR imaging suggested severely impaired blood flow in the left IJV. The hematoma soon resolved after spontaneous IJV thrombolysis. The authors' radiological observations imply that idiopathic IJV thrombosis may cause cervical SSEH. PMID:21513425

Ishida, Atsushi; Matsuo, Seigo; Niimura, Kaku; Yoshimoto, Haruko; Shiramizu, Hideki; Hori, Tomokatsu

2011-08-01

187

Glomus jugulare tumor with intra- and extracranial extension. A case report with MRI study  

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A case of glomus jugulare tumor with intra- and extracranial extension is described. The patient was a 63-year-old woman who complained of gait and memory disturbances. On admission neurological examination revealed recent memory disturbance, left deafness, left XI, XIIth cranial nerve palsies, and slight ataxic gait. Roentgenogram of the skull showed an enlarged left jugular foramen with bone erosion. Plain X-ray computerized tomography scan (X-CT) indicated obstructive hydrocephalus and X-CT with contrast enhancement revealed a mass lesion in the left posterior cranial fossa extending through enlarged left jugular foramen to the extracranial space toward the level of C/sub 2/. Cerebral angiography demonstrated a large mass with blood supply from branches of left external carotid and vertebral arteries. The tumor stain was not remarkable. Left internal jugular vein was completely obstructed at the level of the second cervical vertebral body. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) clearly showed the tumor extending from the anterolateral portion to the second cervical vertebral body through the enlarged jugular foramen to the posterior cranial fossa. Brain stem and cerebellar hemisphere which were markedly compressed by the mass were clearly visualized. At first a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt was made and four weeks later subtotal removal of the tumor was undertaken. Histopathology of tumor specimen showed typical glomus jugulare tumor. MRI was considered to be very useful for the diagnosis and treatment of the glomus jugulare tumor with intra- and extracranial extension

Morisako, Toshitaka; Goya, Tomokazu; Wakisaka, Shinichiro; Kinoshita, Kazuo

1987-11-01

188

Nocturnal melatonin concentrations vary dramatically between the two jugular veins in most individual sheep maintained under mimicked or natural photoperiod.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two experiments were designed to determine if melatonin concentrations differ between jugular veins. In a first experiment, blood was collected continuously every 30 min from each jugular during 12-h from 6 ewes. In a second experiment, 100 ewes were sampled twice at night simultaneously from the two jugular veins. In both experiments, mean melatonin concentrations were similar between right and left jugulars. However, within individuals, large differences were observed between the two sides (ppineal gland requires sampling from both jugular veins. PMID:19699498

Zarazaga, L A; Todini, L; Chemineau, P; Marnet, P-G; Locatelli, A; Malpaux, B

2010-04-01

189

La auditoría de comunicación interna: Una aproximación conceptual y metodológica  

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Full Text Available ©En los últimos años, el papel estratégico de la comunicación interna y la satisfacción de las necesidades del público interno de las empresas han cobrado un merecido reconocimiento. En un breve periodo de tiempo han surgido en el seno de las organizaciones, unidades de comunicación interna responsables del diseño y ejecución de los programas de marketing Interno. Una vez satisfecha la necesidad de comunicación en el seno de la empresa, se plantea la necesidad de analizar y evaluar la gestión de la comunicación y las herramientas utilizadas como mejor camino de validar su funcionalidad y justificar su eficacia y rentabilidad. La auditoría de comunicación interna es el procedimiento metodológico que permite de una forma dinámica diagnosticar el sistema de comunicación y evaluar su gestión. Son dos funciones que fundamentan tanto la formulación de las políticas de comunicación interna en la empresa y la elaboración de los planes de comunicación interna, como las correcciones y modificaciones oportunas.

Lic. Josefa García Mestanza

1999-01-01

190

Implante intencional de filtros de veia cava em ambas as veias ilíacas comuns: relato de caso e revisão da literatura / Intentional placement of vena cava filters in both iliac veins: case report and literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os filtros de veia cava são utilizados para impedir a passagem de êmbolos dos membros inferiores para as artérias pulmonares e, normalmente, são colocadas imediatamente abaixo das veias renais. Em alguns casos, no entanto, existem dificuldades técnicas incomuns que devem ser superadas para tratar ad [...] equadamente alguns pacientes. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente em cujas veias ilíacas comuns foram implantados filtros de veia cava devido à baixa implantação das veias renais e da veia cava inferior curta. Abstract in english Vena cava filters are used to prevent the passage of emboli from the lower limbs to the pulmonary arteries and normally are placed immediately below the renal veins. In some cases however there are unusual technical difficulties that must be overcome to properly treat some patients. We report a case [...] of a patient in whose common iliac veins vena cava filters were deployed, due to the lower implantation of renal veins and a short inferior vena cava.

Daniel Queiroz, Neves; Renvik Demauir Cozine, Silva; Luis Claudio Rosa, Arantes; Márcio Cerbazzi Tavares, Cardoso; Mauro Henrique de, Lima; Gustavo Petorossi, Solano; Celso Luis Muhlethaler, Chouin; Paulo Eduardo Ocke, Reis.

191

High-resolution CT of the jugular foramen: anatomy and vascular variants and anomalies  

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In high-resolution computed tomographic (HRCT) images of dry skulls and patients, the anatomy of the jugular foramen and its neighboring structures was demonstrated to excellent advantage. Among those structures visualized were the cortical margins of the jugular compartments, which are important in evaluating tumor involvement, the anatomic relationship between the jugular fossa and hypotympanum, and the adjacent basal foramina. The inferior tympanic canaliculus, which transmits the inferior tympanic artery and nerve and houses one fifth of the glomus formation, thereby playing a role in arterial anomalies as well as glomus tumors, was occasionally recognizable. In addition, subtle bone findings associated with vascular anomalies in and around the jugular foramen, critically important in the differential diagnosis of glomus tumors, were visualized. Examples of these findings are presented.

Lo, W.W.M.; Solti-Bohman, L.G.

1984-03-01

192

Internal jugular vein access for the interventional management of nonfunctioning artero-venous haemodialysis fistulas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report our experience and results with the use of internal jugular vein as secondary approach for the endovascular treatment of twelve nonfunctioning artero-venous (AV) fistulas in haemodialysis patients

193

High-resolution CT of the jugular foramen: anatomy and vascular variants and anomalies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In high-resolution computed tomographic (HRCT) images of dry skulls and patients, the anatomy of the jugular foramen and its neighboring structures was demonstrated to excellent advantage. Among those structures visualized were the cortical margins of the jugular compartments, which are important in evaluating tumor involvement, the anatomic relationship between the jugular fossa and hypotympanum, and the adjacent basal foramina. The inferior tympanic canaliculus, which transmits the inferior tympanic artery and nerve and houses one fifth of the glomus formation, thereby playing a role in arterial anomalies as well as glomus tumors, was occasionally recognizable. In addition, subtle bone findings associated with vascular anomalies in and around the jugular foramen, critically important in the differential diagnosis of glomus tumors, were visualized. Examples of these findings are presented

194

A case of huge neurofibroma expanding extra- and intracranially through the enlarged jugular foramen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The surgical approach to the jugular foramen has been considered to be very difficult and troublesome, because of the location in which important structures, such as the internal jugular vein, internal carotid artery and lower cranial nerves, converge in the narrow deep space. A case of huge neurofibroma, which extended from the tentorium cerebelli through the dilated jugular foramen to the level of the vertebral body of C3 was presented. A 12-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of visual disturbance and palsy of the V-XII cranial nerves of the left side. Plain skull film showed prominent widening of the cranial sutures and enlargement of the sella turcica. Horizontal CT scan with contrast showed symmetrical ventricular dilatation and a heterogeneously enhanced mass, which was situated mainly in the left CP angle. Coronal CT scan with contrast revealed a huge mass and enlarged jugular foramen, through which the tumor extended to the level of the vertebral body of C3. Occlusion of the sigmoid sinus and the internal jugular vein of the left side was noticed in the vertebral angiography. Two-stage approach, the first one for removal of the intracranial tumor and the second one for extracranial tumor, was performed for its huge tumor. Several authors have reported excellent surgical approaches for the tumors situated in the jugular foramen. By our approach, modifying Gardner's original one, a wide operative field was obtained to remove the tumative field was obtained to remove the tumor around the jugular foramen with success. Our approach for the jugular foramen was described with illustrations. (author)

195

Study of the Jugular Foramen of the Human Skull in South Indian Region  

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The Jugular Foramen is situated at the posterior end of the Petro-occipital fissure, which descendsantero-laterally to the exterior. Through this foramen the ninth, tenth and eleventh cranial nervespass and sigmoid sinus continues below with the internal jugular vein and the meningeal branches ofoccipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries enter through the foramen. The increasing use of moderndiagnostic procedures and new surgical approaches has created a need for much more detailedanatomical...

Anitha.M.R.; Rekha G; Deepti Shasthri; Rajitha V; Panneer Selvi

2013-01-01

196

Morphometry Of Jugular Foramen Of Dry Adult Human Skulls Of South India.  

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Jugular foramen (JF) lies between the occipital and the petrosal part of the temporal bone, and allows the passage of important nerves and vascular elements i.e. the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves and the internal jugular vein. It is a potential site for development of schwannomas, metastatic lesions, and infiltrative inflammatory processes from the surrounding structures such as middle ear. JF is difficult to approach surgically, but recent advanced techniques especially image...

Ashwin Krishnamurthy; Gulzari Lal Nigam; Rekha Lalwani; Ketu Chauhan

2011-01-01

197

Long-Term Outcomes after Surgical Treatment of Jugular Foramen Schwannoma  

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The purpose of this article is to clarify long-term outcomes following surgery for jugular foramen schwannomas. Fifteen adult patients underwent surgery, predominantly via the lateral suboccipital approach, for jugular foramen schwannomas between December 1987 and May 2007. All information was collected retrospectively from patient medical records at a university hospital. The main outcome measures were tumor regrowth and IX-X nerve function at median 84.3 months (range, 12 to 166 months) fol...

Fukuda, Masafumi; Oishi, Makoto; Saito, Akihiko; Fujii, Yukihiko

2009-01-01

198

Skull Base Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Presented with Foramen Jugular Syndrome and Multi-Osseous Involvement  

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Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an expansile bone lesion that usually involves the long bones. Skull base involvement is rare. Hereby, we describe a 17-year-old man with hoarseness, facial asymmetry, left sided sensorineural hearing loss and left jugular foramen syndrome. CT scan and MRI showed a skull base mass that was confirmed as ABC in histopathology. The case was unusual and interesting due to the clinical presentation of jugular foramen syndrome and radiological findings such as severe e...

Leila Aghaghazvini; Nahid Sedighi; Parisa Karami; Omid Yeganeh

2012-01-01

199

The Petro-Occipital Trans-Sigmoid Approach for Lesions of the Jugular Foramen  

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This study's goals were twofold: (1) to analyze the author's experience with the petro-occipital trans-sigmoid (POTS) approach for the resection of tumors arising in or adjacent to the jugular foramen, and (2) to define the anatomical sites exposed by this approach. A retrospective review was conducted of 61 patients with jugular fossa tumors that included lower cranial nerve schwannomas, paragangliomas, meningiomas, chordomas, cholesteatomas, and other benign or low-grade malignant tumors. O...

Mazzoni, Antonio

2009-01-01

200

Functional Deficits of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Jugular Foramen Lesions  

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Lower cranial neuropathies are a leading presenting symptom in patients with tumors involving the jugular foramen. The purpose of this study is to assess acute and chronic functional deficits along with neurologic findings in 31 patients who underwent resection of a tumor involving the jugular foramen. Preoperative nerve dysfunction made intraoperative preservation unlikely, while postoperative lower cranial nerve dysfunction was found to be transient in many patients. Compensation of permane...

Raquet, F.; Mann, W.; Amedee, R.; Maruer, J.; Gilsbach, J.

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Incidental Detection of Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Secondary to Undiagnosed Benign Substernal Goiter  

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Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a serious event with potentially fatal outcome, where the clinical symptoms may be vague or absent. This paper refers to a rare case where routine carotid Doppler ultrasound prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and aortic valve replacement (AVR) in a 76-year-old man, incidentally revealed thrombosis of the right internal jugular vein. Thoracic CT demonstrated an underlying, large, benign substernal multinodular goiter, mainly involving the right ...

Knut Sverre Andersen; Jan Erik Varhaug; Amp Nnebakken, Mai Tone L.; Ole Martin Pedersen

2010-01-01

202

Cervical osteophyte resulting in compression of the jugular foramen: Case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Jugular foramen syndrome is a condition characterized by unilateral paresis of cranial nerves IX, X, and XI in the setting of extrinsic compression. Here, the authors describe the case of a giant cervical osteophyte resulting in compression of the jugular foramen. A 74-year-old man who presented with progressive dysphagia and dysarthria was found to have right-sided tongue deviation, left palatal droop, and hypophonia. His dysphagia had progressed to the point that he had lost 25 kg over a 4-month period, necessitating a gastrostomy to maintain adequate nutrition. He underwent extensive workup for his dysphagia with several normal radiographic studies. Ultimately, CT scanning and postcontrast MRI revealed a posterior osteophyte arising from the C1-2 joint space and projecting into the right jugular foramen. This resulted in a jugular foramen syndrome in addition to delayed filling of the patient's right internal jugular vein distal to the osteophyte. Although rare, a posterior cervical osteophyte should be considered in cases of jugular foramen syndrome. PMID:25014503

Le, Andrew Q; Walcott, Brian P; Redjal, Navid; Coumans, Jean-Valery

2014-10-01

203

Internal jugular vein vascular malformation presenting as mass at root of neck: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We report a case of vascular malformation arising from internal jugular vein presenting as mass at root of neck with no clinical stigmata which to the best of our knowledge is the first reported case of an intrinsic vascular malformation arising from the internal jugular vein. Magnetic resonance imaging features of this new entity have been described. Case presentation A 27 year male presented with a gradually enlarging, asymptomatic swelling on left supraclavicular region with normal overlying skin. A soft mass, about 7 × 7 cm with restricted mobility was found with normal cranial nerve function. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed a hemorrhagic aspirate. Doppler showed a mass displacing left carotid artery posteriorly while left internal jugular vein was not visualized. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a well defined mass isointense to hypointense on T1 weighted and hyperintense on T2 weighted and STIR images with fluid-fluid levels. On exploration, a vascular mass arising from left internal jugular vein was found with good tissue planes, which was excised after ligating the patent internal jugular vein above and below the lesion. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of vascular malformation. Conclusion The diagnosis of intrinsic vascular malformation arising from internal jugular vein should be kept in differential while dealing with masses at root of neck and magnetic resonance imaging features may help in the pre-operative diagnosis of this entity.

Nair Deepa

2009-06-01

204

A veia gástrica esquerda como alternativa de revasculariza??ão portal no transplante hepático  

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Trombose ou hipoplasia da veia porta não tem sido, ainda, considerados contra-indicações para o transplante ortotópico de fígado. Contudo, permanecem com obstáculos associados com aumento da freqüência de falha primária e a longo prazo do transplante de fígado. Existem alguns fatores de risco tais como: sexo masculino, cirrose avançada, doença hepática alcoólica e cirurgia prévia para hipertensão portal. Os autores relatam o caso de uma criança de 4 anos, do sexo feminino, qu...

Lacerda Cláudio Moura; Melo Paulo Sérgio Vieira de; Amorim Américo; Lima Ricardo; Emery Mário; Batista Danielle; Andrade Danielle

2002-01-01

205

Trombose da veia de Galeno: relato de caso Galen vein thrombosis: case report  

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A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC) é doença vascular com diferentes manifestações clínicas e várias causas possíveis (locais, sistêmicas ou idiopáticas). A trombose da veia de Galeno (TVG) é causa rara de TVC e geralmente está associada a alguma malformação vascular. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 16 anos que apresentou TVG sem malformação vascular, porém associada a trombose de seio reto e infarto venoso talâmico. Discutem-se também aspectos importantes do diagnóstico c...

Marcio Chaves Pedro Marques; Leopoldo Antônio Pires; Carlos Augusto Damasceno; André Carvalho Felício; Ângelo Atala; Franco, Gla?ucio M.

2003-01-01

206

Distribuição comparativa dos glicosaminoglicanos em artérias e veias de diferentes mamíferos Comparative distribution of glycosaminoglycans in arteries and veins of different mammals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Foi realizada análise comparativa sobre a distribuição dos glicosaminoglicanos de artérias e veias em ratos, cachorros e humanos. Os nossos resultados demonstraram que dermatam sulfato foi o principal glicosaminoglicano encontrado tanto para as artérias quanto para as veias estudadas. Entretanto, a proporção de dermatam sulfato foi maior nas veias do que nas artérias nas três espécies analisadas. Este aumento pode estar associado às diferenças estruturais e funcionais encontradas ...

Marquezini, Mo?nica V.; Dallan, Lui?s Alberto O.; Toledo, Olga M. S.

1999-01-01

207

Comportamento anatômico da veia hepática esquerda de fetos de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis ? Linnaeus, 1758.  

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Full Text Available RESUMO: Foram estudados em 31 fígados de fetos de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis sem especificidade de raça, o comportamento da veia hepática esquerda e seus respectivos setores de drenagem, sendo o material injetado com látex corado em azul, fixado em formol a 20% e em seguida dissecado pela face visceral do fígado. Nessas peças foi observado que a veia hepática esquerda muito calibrosa e responsável por amplo território, drena os diferentes setores do lobo esquerdo e o setor supraportal do lobo caudado e, eventualmente também, parte do lobo quadrado, desembocando, em todos os casos, diretamente na veia cava caudal. PALAVRAS CHAVE: Anatomia de Búfalos; Fígado; Circulação Venosa SUMMARY: Here have been studied in 31 livers of buffalo fetuses (Bubalus bubalis, without specified breed, the behaviour of the left hepatic vein and respective draining sectors. This material was injected with coloured latex, fixed in 20% formaldehyde and dissected. It was observed that the left hepatic vein, greatly calibrous, responsible for a wide region, drains distinct sectors of left lobe, supraportalis sector of lobus caudatus and eventually it also drains part of lobus quadratus (41.93% and goes, in all cases, directly into vena cava caudalis. KEYWORDS: Anatomy of Buffalo; Liver; Circulation Venosa

A. E. F. S. Almeida

2005-03-01

208

Subdiaphragmatic venous stasis and tissular hypoperfusion as sources of metabolic acidosis during passive portal-jugular and caval-jugular bypasses in dogs  

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Full Text Available Subdiafragmatic venous decompression during anhepatic stage of canine orthotopic liver transplantation attenuates portal and caval blood stasis and minimize hipoperfusion and metabolic acidosis observed with occlusion of portal and caval veins. During two hours, six dogs submitted to portal-jugular and caval-jugular passive shunts, with maintenance of arterial hepatic flow, were evaluated for pH, carbon dioxide tension (PCO2, base deficit (BD and oxygen tension (PO2 in portal, caval and systemic arterial blood, as well as for increments of BD (DBD in portal and caval blood. With a confidence level of 95%, the results showed that: 1. There were not changes of pH anDBD in portal and systemic arterial blood in the majority of studied times; 2. There was metabolic acidosis in caval blood; 3. The negative increments of BD (DBD were higher in caval blood than in splancnic venous blood at T10, T30 and T105; and, 4. Deoxigenation of portal and caval blood were detected. Acid-base metabolism and oxigenation monitoring of subdiaphramatic venous blood can constitute an effective way to evaluate experimental passive portal-jugular and caval-jugular bypass in dogs.

Coelho Antônio Roberto de Barros

2000-01-01

209

Jugular vascular access port implantation for frequent, long-term blood sampling in cats: methodology, assessment, and comparison with jugular catheters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Long-term, frequent venous access for diagnostic, therapeutic, or research purposes in cats is problematic. Frequent blood sampling over extended periods is necessary for some therapeutic regimes and often required for clinical research in veterinary science. In this paper, we describe the implantation of vascular access ports (VAPs) and assess their use for repeated blood sampling over 16 weeks and 38 weeks, as well as the use of jugular catheters for one week. The VAP placement procedure was well-tolerated with few minor complications (minor swelling, contusion, or superficial dermatitis from self-trauma), which were not observed when neck bandages were applied immediately after surgery. Thromboembolism occurred in two cats, but did not occur after switching to a smaller catheter with a rounded tip and taurolidine-citrate locking solution. Although duration of access was much longer with VAPs compared to jugular catheters, patency rates were similar (89% (n=28) to 92% (n=12) after 16 weeks and 75% (n=12) after 38 weeks for VAPs; 88% (n=49) after one week for jugular catheters). Behavioural reactions to blood collection from 30 cats-assessed over 16 weeks and comprising 378 collections-were absent or minor in 99% of collections. These findings indicate that VAPs offer a viable alternative to jugular catheters for studies requiring frequent blood sampling and lasting more than 2 weeks. PMID:23706903

Farrow, H A; Rand, J S; Burgess, D M; Coradini, M; Vankan, D M

2013-10-01

210

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis associated with otitis media-interna in goats  

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Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis or caseous lymphadenitis is a common condition in sheep and goats. Two cases are described involving otitis media-interna and, in one case, cerebellar abscessation. The first case began with otitis externa and progressed to cerebellar abscessation, presumably as a result of C. pseudotuberculosis infection based on the macroscopic appearance of the abscess. The second case of otitis media-interna involved C. pseudotuberculosis with parasitic encephalitis or s...

Blignaut, David J. C.; Grobler, Maria J.

2013-01-01

211

An Unusual Anatomic Variation of the Jugular Foramen with Doubled Posterior Condylar Canal / Una Variación Anatómica Inusual del Foramen Yugular con Canal Condilar Posterior Duplicado  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Es reportado el caso de una inusual variación anatómica del foramen yugular (FY), con el canal condilar posterior duplicado (CCP). De acuerdo con la presencia de los puentes, el FY se puede definir como Tipo I (una tabicación, dos compartimientos) en el lado derecho y Tipo IV (tres tabiques, cuatro [...] compartimientos) en el lado izquierdo. El domo de la fosa yugular está presente en el lado derecho, y ausente en el izquierdo. El foramen yugular mostró una estructura igual a un canal con una apertura externa y otra interna. Las longitudes de los ejes más largos y anchos de la FY fueron 21,93x16,56mm al lado derecho y 16,75x15,14mm al lado izquierdo. El FY derecho fue más grande. El CCP se observó duplicado en el lado derecho y único en el lado izquierdo. Es esencial no sólo conocer los compartimientos en sí, sino también las estructuras que pasan a través de los compartimientos con el fin de lograr los resultados deseados y evitar las complicaciones quirúrgicas. Abstract in english A case of unusual anatomical variation of the jugular foramen (JF) with doubled posterior condylar canal (PCC) is reported. According to the presence of bridging, the JF can be defined as Type I (one septation, two compartments) on the right side and Type IV (three septations, four compartments) on [...] the left side. The dome of the jugular fossa is present on the right, absent on the left. The jugular foramen shows a canal-like structure with an external and an internal opening. The lengths of the longest and widest axes of the JFs are measured as 21.93 x 16.56 mm on the right and 16.75 x 15.14 mm on the left side. The right JF is larger. The PCC is doubled on the right side and there is only one on the left side. It is essential not only to know compartments per se but also to know the structures passing through the compartments, in order to achieve desired surgical outcomes and avoid complications.

Samet, Kapakin.

1186-11-01

212

An Unusual Anatomic Variation of the Jugular Foramen with Doubled Posterior Condylar Canal Una Variación Anatómica Inusual del Foramen Yugular con Canal Condilar Posterior Duplicado  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A case of unusual anatomical variation of the jugular foramen (JF with doubled posterior condylar canal (PCC is reported. According to the presence of bridging, the JF can be defined as Type I (one septation, two compartments on the right side and Type IV (three septations, four compartments on the left side. The dome of the jugular fossa is present on the right, absent on the left. The jugular foramen shows a canal-like structure with an external and an internal opening. The lengths of the longest and widest axes of the JFs are measured as 21.93 x 16.56 mm on the right and 16.75 x 15.14 mm on the left side. The right JF is larger. The PCC is doubled on the right side and there is only one on the left side. It is essential not only to know compartments per se but also to know the structures passing through the compartments, in order to achieve desired surgical outcomes and avoid complications.Es reportado el caso de una inusual variación anatómica del foramen yugular (FY, con el canal condilar posterior duplicado (CCP. De acuerdo con la presencia de los puentes, el FY se puede definir como Tipo I (una tabicación, dos compartimientos en el lado derecho y Tipo IV (tres tabiques, cuatro compartimientos en el lado izquierdo. El domo de la fosa yugular está presente en el lado derecho, y ausente en el izquierdo. El foramen yugular mostró una estructura igual a un canal con una apertura externa y otra interna. Las longitudes de los ejes más largos y anchos de la FY fueron 21,93x16,56mm al lado derecho y 16,75x15,14mm al lado izquierdo. El FY derecho fue más grande. El CCP se observó duplicado en el lado derecho y único en el lado izquierdo. Es esencial no sólo conocer los compartimientos en sí, sino también las estructuras que pasan a través de los compartimientos con el fin de lograr los resultados deseados y evitar las complicaciones quirúrgicas.

Samet Kapakin

2011-12-01

213

An Unusual Anatomic Variation of the Jugular Foramen with Doubled Posterior Condylar Canal / Una Variación Anatómica Inusual del Foramen Yugular con Canal Condilar Posterior Duplicado  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Es reportado el caso de una inusual variación anatómica del foramen yugular (FY), con el canal condilar posterior duplicado (CCP). De acuerdo con la presencia de los puentes, el FY se puede definir como Tipo I (una tabicación, dos compartimientos) en el lado derecho y Tipo IV (tres tabiques, cuatro [...] compartimientos) en el lado izquierdo. El domo de la fosa yugular está presente en el lado derecho, y ausente en el izquierdo. El foramen yugular mostró una estructura igual a un canal con una apertura externa y otra interna. Las longitudes de los ejes más largos y anchos de la FY fueron 21,93x16,56mm al lado derecho y 16,75x15,14mm al lado izquierdo. El FY derecho fue más grande. El CCP se observó duplicado en el lado derecho y único en el lado izquierdo. Es esencial no sólo conocer los compartimientos en sí, sino también las estructuras que pasan a través de los compartimientos con el fin de lograr los resultados deseados y evitar las complicaciones quirúrgicas. Abstract in english A case of unusual anatomical variation of the jugular foramen (JF) with doubled posterior condylar canal (PCC) is reported. According to the presence of bridging, the JF can be defined as Type I (one septation, two compartments) on the right side and Type IV (three septations, four compartments) on [...] the left side. The dome of the jugular fossa is present on the right, absent on the left. The jugular foramen shows a canal-like structure with an external and an internal opening. The lengths of the longest and widest axes of the JFs are measured as 21.93 x 16.56 mm on the right and 16.75 x 15.14 mm on the left side. The right JF is larger. The PCC is doubled on the right side and there is only one on the left side. It is essential not only to know compartments per se but also to know the structures passing through the compartments, in order to achieve desired surgical outcomes and avoid complications.

Samet, Kapakin.

214

Two Rare Anatomical Variations of External Jugular Vein: an Embryological Overview / Dos Raras Variaciones Anatómicas de la Vena Yugular Externa: una Visión Embriológica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish La anatomía humana tiene un sin fin de variaciones y sus misterios se han develado desde el inicio de los tiempos. El conocimiento de las variaciones anatómicas de las venas superficiales de la cabeza y del cuello es fundamental para llevar a cabo con éxito los procedimientos quirúrgicos. Durante un [...] a disección de rutina de cabeza y cuello encontramos una arquitectura venosa interesante en dos cadáveres de hombres de mediana edad en el Departamento de Anatomía de la Facultad de Medicina Nacional Calcuta, Calcuta, India. En el lado izquierdo del cuello de ambos cadáveres, la vena retromandibular no se encontraba dividida, y se unía a la vena facial en un ángulo agudo, para formar un tronco venoso común a una distancia variable desde el ángulo de la mandíbula. Ese tronco finalmente drenaba en la vena subclavia izquierda. Esto podría ser el resultado de la desaparición de la parte cefálica de la vena yugular externa y la formación de una comunicación adicional entre la vena facial común y la vena yugular externa en la vida fetal. En un caso, también se encontró con una comunicación adicional transversal entre ese tronco común y la vena yugular interna. Se realiza una descripción en detalle de los casos junto a una explicación embriológica. Abstract in english Human anatomy is an ocean of unending variations and its mysteries are being unravelled since ages. Knowledge of variations in the superficial veins of head and neck is essential to carry out successful surgical procedures. During routine dissection of head and neck of two middle aged male cadavers, [...] in the Department of Anatomy, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India, we came out with some interesting venous architecture. The retromandibular vein on the left side of both the cadavers was found to be undivided and joined with the facial vein in the neck at an acute angle to form a common venous trunk at variable distances from the angle of the mandible. That trunk ultimately drained into the left subclavian vein. This might be the result of disappearance of the cephalic part of the external jugular vein and formation of an additional communication between common facial vein and the external jugular vein in foetal life. In one case, we also came across an extra transverse communication between that common trunk and the internal jugular vein. A detail of those cases with embryological explanation is attempted.

Susmita, Ghosh; Lopamudra, Mandal; Sanchita, Roy; Manimay, Bandyopadhyay.

2012-09-01

215

Human internal jugular valve M-mode ultrasound characterization.  

Science.gov (United States)

In humans the mechanism governing the internal jugular vein (IJV) valve opening and closure is still unclear. M-mode is used in echo-cardiology for the heart valves assessment. Sometimes it was performed also in deep peripheral veins and in vena cava assessment, but never in the IJV valve. Aim of the present study is to investigate the IJV valves physiology in healthy volunteers, by means of both B and M-mode ultrasound. Eighty-three (83) healthy volunteers (35 Male, 48 Female, 25.7±6.7 y.o.), for a total of 166 IJVs, were enrolled. The entire cohort underwent IJVs high-resolution B and M-mode evaluation, in standardized postural and respiratory conditions. Presence, motility, and number of cusps, as well as their opening and closure mechanism have been assessed. Bilateral valve absence occurred in 13/83 (16%), whereas at least a one side absence was recorded in 38/83 (46% of the cohort) (p<0.0356). Valve leaflets were always mobile and respectively bi-cusps in 34%, or mono-cusp in 27%. The latter was significantly more frequent on the left side (35%) than on the right side (19%) (p<0.0013). In supine, M-mode valve opening was synchronous with the cardiac cycle. To the contrary, in an upright position, the valve remained always open and saddled to the wall, independently from the cardiac cycle. In healthy subjects, the IJV valve leaflets are always mobile, but the significant rate of mono and bilateral absence could suggest a progressive phylogenetic importance loss of such apparatus. M-mode ultrasound enhances the characterization of IJV valve, for this reason it should be taken into consideration to routinely add it to the cerebral venous return investigation. PMID:24712644

Menegatti, Erica; Tessari, Mirko; Gianesini, Sergio; Vannini, Maria Elena; Sisini, Francesco; Zamboni, Paolo

2014-05-01

216

Fatores de risco que afetam as complicações da dissecação da veia safena na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio The risk factors affecting the complications of saphenous vein graft harvesting in aortocoronary bypass surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O problema da cicatrização de feridas é comumente observado após procedimentos de revascularização do miocárdio. Nosso objetivo é determinar a prevalência e os indicadores de complicação na dissecação da veia safena após procedimentos de revascularização coronária. MÉTODOS: Após revisão e aprovação pelo comitê de ética da instituição, uma revisão retrospectiva de 4029 procedimentos de revascularização foi realizada com enxerto da veia safena durante um período de seis anos. Treze fatores de risco para aqueles que desenvolveram complicações extensas nas feridas da perna foram analisados e comparados com toda a coorte de pacientes submetidos a procedimentos de revascularização semelhantes durante o mesmo período. RESULTADOS: Complicações nas feridas do membro inferior ocorreram em 68 pacientes (1,7%, 43 deles precisaram de intervenção cirúrgica adicional. Foram realizados 17 desbridamentos de feridas, nove transplantes de pele, uma angioplastia, 11 fasciotomias, três procedimentos vasculares e duas transferências livre de tecidos. Das treze variáveis analisadas pela análise multivariada, sexo feminino, IMC, uso de enxerto de veia torácica interna, doença vascular periférica, o uso de balão intra-aórtico no pós-operatório e hiperlipidemia pré-existente foram identificados como indicadores independentes significativos de complicações extensas nas feridas a perna (pOBJECTIVE: Problem of wound healing is commonly observed after coronary artery bypass graft procedures. Our aim is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of saphenous vein harvesting complication after coronary revascularization procedures. METHODS: After institutional ethical committee review and approval, a retrospective review was undertaken of 4029 bypass procedures with saphenous vein graft performed over a period of six years is conducted. Thirteen risk factors for those who developed major leg wound complications were analyzed and compared with the entire cohort of patients, undergoing similar bypass procedures during the same period. RESULTS: Lower extremity wound complications occurred in 68 patients (1.7%, 43 of them required additional surgical interventions. There were 17 wound debridements, nine skin grafts, one angioplasty, 11 fasciotomies, three vascular procedures, and two free tissue transfers. Of 13 variables evaluated by multivariate analysis, female gender, BMI, use of internal thoracic artery graft, peripheral vascular disease, the use of postoperative intraaortic balloon pump and preexisting hyperlipidemia were identified as significant independent predictors of major leg wound complications (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The causes of major leg wound complications after saphenous vein harvest for coronary artery bypass graft procedures are multifactorial. To minimize these complications, we recommend vascular evaluations before saphenous vein harvest, attention to proper surgical technique, and careful harvest site section.

Monir Abbaszadeh

2008-09-01

217

Fatores de risco que afetam as complicações da dissecação da veia safena na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio / The risk factors affecting the complications of saphenous vein graft harvesting in aortocoronary bypass surgery  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O problema da cicatrização de feridas é comumente observado após procedimentos de revascularização do miocárdio. Nosso objetivo é determinar a prevalência e os indicadores de complicação na dissecação da veia safena após procedimentos de revascularização coronária. MÉTODOS: Após revisão e [...] aprovação pelo comitê de ética da instituição, uma revisão retrospectiva de 4029 procedimentos de revascularização foi realizada com enxerto da veia safena durante um período de seis anos. Treze fatores de risco para aqueles que desenvolveram complicações extensas nas feridas da perna foram analisados e comparados com toda a coorte de pacientes submetidos a procedimentos de revascularização semelhantes durante o mesmo período. RESULTADOS: Complicações nas feridas do membro inferior ocorreram em 68 pacientes (1,7%), 43 deles precisaram de intervenção cirúrgica adicional. Foram realizados 17 desbridamentos de feridas, nove transplantes de pele, uma angioplastia, 11 fasciotomias, três procedimentos vasculares e duas transferências livre de tecidos. Das treze variáveis analisadas pela análise multivariada, sexo feminino, IMC, uso de enxerto de veia torácica interna, doença vascular periférica, o uso de balão intra-aórtico no pós-operatório e hiperlipidemia pré-existente foram identificados como indicadores independentes significativos de complicações extensas nas feridas a perna (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Problem of wound healing is commonly observed after coronary artery bypass graft procedures. Our aim is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of saphenous vein harvesting complication after coronary revascularization procedures. METHODS: After institutional ethical committee revi [...] ew and approval, a retrospective review was undertaken of 4029 bypass procedures with saphenous vein graft performed over a period of six years is conducted. Thirteen risk factors for those who developed major leg wound complications were analyzed and compared with the entire cohort of patients, undergoing similar bypass procedures during the same period. RESULTS: Lower extremity wound complications occurred in 68 patients (1.7%), 43 of them required additional surgical interventions. There were 17 wound debridements, nine skin grafts, one angioplasty, 11 fasciotomies, three vascular procedures, and two free tissue transfers. Of 13 variables evaluated by multivariate analysis, female gender, BMI, use of internal thoracic artery graft, peripheral vascular disease, the use of postoperative intraaortic balloon pump and preexisting hyperlipidemia were identified as significant independent predictors of major leg wound complications (p

Monir, Abbaszadeh; MK, Arabnia; A, Rabbani; MH, Mandegar; S, Vahedi.

218

Trombosis yugular interna bilateral asociada a trombofilia después de la inducción ovárica por infertilidad Bilateral internal jugular thrombosis associated with thrombophilia after ovarian induction for infertility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Los eventos tromboembólicos son complicaciones poco frecuentes del tratamiento hormonal de la infertilidad y generalmente están asociados al síndrome de hiperestimulación ovárico (SHO). La trombosis venosa yugular es infrecuente y ante su presencia se debería sospechar la existencia de algún factor predisponente. Describimos una paciente de 31 años, sin antecedentes de importancia, no fumadora, a la cual se le realizó un único ciclo de estimulación hormonal para fertilización in v...

Fernando Vázquez; Diana Penchasky; Inés De la Parra; Astrid Pavlovsky; Yolanda Adamczuk

2002-01-01

219

Successful endovascular therapy of a penetrating zone III jugular bulb injury. A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Penetrating venous injuries via Zone III of the neck extended over jugular bulb are rare. The optimal strategies for these venous injuries are currently unknown because many of the vital structures in this region are poorly accessible to the surgeon and therefore it is difficult to control bleeding. A 76-year-old man got drunk and fell down onto a paper door. The wooden framework of the paper door was broken and got stuck deep in the right side of his neck. Enhanced computed tomography showed the wood stick had penetrated through the right jugular foramen and injured the jugular bulb. We successfully performed right sigmoid and jugular vein occlusion via an endovascular approach using Guglielmi detachable coils at first and then to draw out the wood stick in order to avoid venous bleeding. To our best knowledge, these venous injuries have reported in only four cases. Only one case was performed by endovascular approach using n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA). Coil embolization is much better than NBCA in the light of reducing complications due to adhesion to the inserted wood stick and embolization of unintended vessels. Venous occlusion using coil embolization is the best way to treat a penetrating jugular bulb injury via zone III because of reducing the hemorrhage and air embolism. PMID:22681736

Yamanaka, K; Yamamoto, A; Ishida, K; Matsuzaki, J; Ozaki, T; Ishihara, M; Shimahara, Y; Nakajima, S; Sadamitsu, D; Yamasaki, M

2012-06-01

220

Noninvasive measurement of internal jugular venous oxygen saturation by photoacoustic imaging  

Science.gov (United States)

The metabolic rate and oxygen consumption of the brain is reflected in jugular venous oxygen saturation. In many clinical conditions, such as head trauma, stroke, and low cardiac output states, the brain is at risk for hypoxic-ischemic injury. The current gold standard for monitoring brain oxygenation is invasive and requires jugular vein catheterization under fluoroscopic guidance; and therefore it is rarely used. Photo-acoustic tomography in combination with ultrasound can be used to estimate oxygen saturation of the internal jugular vein in real-time. This noninvasive method will enable earlier detection and prevention of impending hypoxic brain injury. A wavelength-tunable dye laser pumped by a Nd:YAG laser delivers light through an optical fiber bundle, and a modified commercial ultrasound imaging system (Philips iU22) detects both the pulse-echo ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic (PA) signals. A custom-built multichannel data acquisition system renders co-registered ultrasound and photoacoustic images at 5 frames per second. After the jugular vein was localized in healthy volunteers, dualwavelength PA images were used to calculate the blood hemoglobin oxygen saturation from the internal jugular vein in vivo. The preliminary results raise confidence that this emerging technology can be used clinically as an accurate, noninvasive indicator of cerebral oxygenation.

Garcia-Uribe, Alejandro; Erpelding, Todd N.; Ke, Haixin; Reddy, Kavya; Sharma, Anshuman; Wang, Lihong V.

2014-03-01

 
 
 
 
221

Veias do sistema porta-hepático em gansos domésticos / Veins from hepatic portal vein system in domestic geese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A distribuição intraparenquimal das veias porta-hepáticas foi estudada em 30 gansos domésticos. Latex Neoprene corado foi injetado pela veia isquiática e os animais forma fixados por imersão e injeção intramuscular com formol a 10% e dissecados. O fígado esteve composto por um grande lobo hepático d [...] ireito e por um lobo hepático esquerdo menor, os quais estiveram conectados por uma ponte de parênquima. O lobo direito do fígado teve exclusivamente vasos do sistema porta-hepático formados pela distribuição intraparenquimal da veia porta-hepática direita, enquanto que no lobo esquerdo estes originaram-se da veia porta-hepática direita e de pequenas veias porta-hepáticas esquerdas. A veia porta-hepática direita emitiu o ramo caudal direito, que emitiu um pequeno ramo caudolateral direito e um grande ramo caudomedial direito. Cranialmente esta veia emitiu os ramos craniais direito e ramos lateral direito. A porção transversa da veia porta-hepática direita cruzou para o lobo hepático esquerdo, emitindo de 1 a 6 pequenos ramos craniais e caudais para a região média do fígado. No lobo esquerdo, o ramo esquerdo da veia porta-hepática direita emitiu o ramo cranial esquerdo, o ramo lateral esquerdo e o ramo medial. De 1 a 6 veias porta-hepáticas esquerdas foram identificadas desembocando ou no ramo esquerdo da veia porta-hepática direita ou em sua porção transversa, oriundos do ventrículo gástrico e do pró-ventrículo. Em 40% dos gansos uma veia porta-hepática própria oriunda da confluência de vasos venosos da face esquerda do ventrículo distribuiu-se na extremidade caudal do lobo esquerdo isoladamente. Abstract in english The intraparenchymal distribution of the hepatic portal veins in 30 domestic geese were studied. Stained Neoprene latex was injected into the isquiatic vessels, and the animals were fixed in 10% formaldehyde by immersion and intramuscular injection. The liver of geese was composed of a large right a [...] nd a smaller left hepatic lobe, connected by a parenchyma bridge. The right hepatic lobe had vessels exclusively from the hepatic portal system composed by intraparenchymal distribution of the right hepatic portal vein, while the vessels of the left hepatic lobe came from the right hepatic portal vein and from small left hepatic portal veins. The right hepatic portal vein emitted the right caudal branch, which emitted a small right caudolateral branch and a large right caudomedial branch. Cranially this vein emitted right cranial and right lateral branches. The tranverse portion of the right hepatic portal vein crossed to the left hepatic lobe, emitting 1 to 6 small cranial and caudal branches to the medial area of the liver. In the left hepatic lobe, the left branch from the right hepatic vein emitted the left cranial, left lateral and left median branches. One to six left hepatic portal veins were identified arising from the left branch or from the transverse portion of the right hepatic portal vein. These vessels arose from the gizzard and pro-ventricle. In 40% of geese one proper hepatic portal vein originated from venous vessels of the gizzard and was distributed into the caudal extremity of the left hepatic isolated lobe.

Tatiana C., Santos; Carla C.F., Borba; Anita, Menconi; Marina O., Maia; Pedro P., Bombonatto; Cheston C.H., Pereira.

2009-04-01

222

Dissecção minimamente invasiva da veia safena para obtenção de enxerto venoso na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available São apresentados os resultados iniciais de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (RM, nos quais os enxertos venosos foram obtidos através de técnica minimamente invasiva. A técnica consiste na dissecção da veia safena através de incisões de 3 a 4 cm, repetidas a intervalos variáveis (de 8 a 14 cm sobre o trajeto da veia cuja liberação é feita com auxílio de afastadores apropriados, ótica de iluminação e instrumental específico. A técnica permitiu a obtenção de segmentos de veia de 30 a 65 cm (média de 51,6 cm através de 2 a 4 incisões na pele. O método foi usado com sucesso em 8 pacientes que receberam 25 enxertos venosos, além de enxertos arteriais. A evolução do membro inferior foi bastante em todos os pacientes, possibilitando deambulação precoce, redução da dor, edemas, hematomas e excelente efeito cosmético.

DIAS Ricardo Ribeiro

1997-01-01

223

Depresión: Visión holística de la medicina interna*  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La depresión, y la ansiedad acompañante, es la manifestación psicológica más frecuente e intensa del sufrimiento humano, que en casos extremos termina en el suicidio. A pesar de que puede restringir significativamente la calidad de vida del individuo, su interacción personal o social y productividad [...] , sorprende que a nivel de la atención médica primaria no sea reconocida en la mitad de los casos y sea tratada en sólo la mitad de los diagnosticados. Sin embargo, es responsabilidad del médico internista estar preparado para reconocer la depresión y tratarla eficientemente, por las siguientes razones: 1. La medicina interna propone como concepción fundamental la visión integral del paciente; 2. El funcionamiento de la mente normal y patológica se fundamenta en principios biológicos; 3. La ansiedad y la depresión son las manifestaciones emocionales más frecuentes en la práctica médica, presentándose como desórdenes primarios o como condiciones asociadas a otros desórdenes psiquiátricos y enfermedades médicas (incluyendo a sus tratamientos), o que resultan del impacto emocional de las enfermedades médicas y quirúrgicas. La referencia al psiquiatra debe hacerse en: depresión severa, respuesta terapéutica insatisfactoria, evidencia de psicosis o ideación suicida. En la depresión la herramienta básica es una relación médico-paciente sólida, que garantice la integridad y la libertad del paciente y preserve el secreto profesional, que adquiere especial relevancia al abordar los sentimientos, las emociones y la conducta humana. Aunque útiles, las pruebas y escalas de la depresión no sustituyen a la entrevista personal con el paciente, que permite apreciar el ánimo depresivo y la anhedonia, resultantes de la desolación y el estado de indefensión que abruma al paciente. En la manía, extremo opuesto del espectro del ánimo, la agitación, el lenguaje expansivo y grandilocuente y la irritabilidad, pueden acompañar a la irracionalidad psicótica. Las anormalidades de los neurotransmisores norepinefrina y serotonina juegan un rol mayor en los desórdenes del ánimo, siendo sus niveles y efectos, poco activos en la depresión e hiperactivos en la manía. Los pacientes con depresión mayor y buena parte de los pacientes con depresión menor crónica, ameritan tratamiento con antidepresivos y psicoterapia. La terapia electroconvulsiva puede tener indicación en la depresión refractaria, en la ideación suicida aguda y en las psicosis concurrentes sin respuesta a los antipsicóticos. En la manía, los estabilizadores del ánimo, litio, carbamazepina y valproato, son utilizados solos o en combinación con antidepresivos para prevenir las recurrencias. La manía aguda puede requerir tratamiento con neurolépticos. Abstract in english Depression, and adjoined anxiety, is the most frequent and intense psychological manifestation of human suffering, which in extreme cases could lead to suicide. Even though it could affect significantly the quality of life, interpersonal and social interactions and individual productivity, it astoni [...] shes that at primary care, only half of the cases are diagnosed, and only half of those diagnosed are actually treated. However, it is the responsibility of the Internist to recognize depression and treat it efficiently for the following reasons: 1. Internal medicine proposes the integral view of the patient as its fundamental conception; 2. Functioning of mind, both normal and pathological, is established in biological principles; 3. In medical practice, anxiety and depression are the most frequent emo- tional manifestations, either as primary disorders or as associated conditions to others psychiatric and medical diseases (including their treatments), or by the emotional impact of medical and surgical disorders. Psychiatric referral should be made in severe depression, unsatisfactory therapeutic response and evidence of psychosis or suicidal ideation. In managing depression, a solid medic

Italo, Marsiglia G.

224

Depresión: Visión holística de la medicina interna*  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La depresión, y la ansiedad acompañante, es la manifestación psicológica más frecuente e intensa del sufrimiento humano, que en casos extremos termina en el suicidio. A pesar de que puede restringir significativamente la calidad de vida del individuo, su interacción personal o social y productividad [...] , sorprende que a nivel de la atención médica primaria no sea reconocida en la mitad de los casos y sea tratada en sólo la mitad de los diagnosticados. Sin embargo, es responsabilidad del médico internista estar preparado para reconocer la depresión y tratarla eficientemente, por las siguientes razones: 1. La medicina interna propone como concepción fundamental la visión integral del paciente; 2. El funcionamiento de la mente normal y patológica se fundamenta en principios biológicos; 3. La ansiedad y la depresión son las manifestaciones emocionales más frecuentes en la práctica médica, presentándose como desórdenes primarios o como condiciones asociadas a otros desórdenes psiquiátricos y enfermedades médicas (incluyendo a sus tratamientos), o que resultan del impacto emocional de las enfermedades médicas y quirúrgicas. La referencia al psiquiatra debe hacerse en: depresión severa, respuesta terapéutica insatisfactoria, evidencia de psicosis o ideación suicida. En la depresión la herramienta básica es una relación médico-paciente sólida, que garantice la integridad y la libertad del paciente y preserve el secreto profesional, que adquiere especial relevancia al abordar los sentimientos, las emociones y la conducta humana. Aunque útiles, las pruebas y escalas de la depresión no sustituyen a la entrevista personal con el paciente, que permite apreciar el ánimo depresivo y la anhedonia, resultantes de la desolación y el estado de indefensión que abruma al paciente. En la manía, extremo opuesto del espectro del ánimo, la agitación, el lenguaje expansivo y grandilocuente y la irritabilidad, pueden acompañar a la irracionalidad psicótica. Las anormalidades de los neurotransmisores norepinefrina y serotonina juegan un rol mayor en los desórdenes del ánimo, siendo sus niveles y efectos, poco activos en la depresión e hiperactivos en la manía. Los pacientes con depresión mayor y buena parte de los pacientes con depresión menor crónica, ameritan tratamiento con antidepresivos y psicoterapia. La terapia electroconvulsiva puede tener indicación en la depresión refractaria, en la ideación suicida aguda y en las psicosis concurrentes sin respuesta a los antipsicóticos. En la manía, los estabilizadores del ánimo, litio, carbamazepina y valproato, son utilizados solos o en combinación con antidepresivos para prevenir las recurrencias. La manía aguda puede requerir tratamiento con neurolépticos. Abstract in english Depression, and adjoined anxiety, is the most frequent and intense psychological manifestation of human suffering, which in extreme cases could lead to suicide. Even though it could affect significantly the quality of life, interpersonal and social interactions and individual productivity, it astoni [...] shes that at primary care, only half of the cases are diagnosed, and only half of those diagnosed are actually treated. However, it is the responsibility of the Internist to recognize depression and treat it efficiently for the following reasons: 1. Internal medicine proposes the integral view of the patient as its fundamental conception; 2. Functioning of mind, both normal and pathological, is established in biological principles; 3. In medical practice, anxiety and depression are the most frequent emo- tional manifestations, either as primary disorders or as associated conditions to others psychiatric and medical diseases (including their treatments), or by the emotional impact of medical and surgical disorders. Psychiatric referral should be made in severe depression, unsatisfactory therapeutic response and evidence of psychosis or suicidal ideation. In managing depression, a solid medic

Italo, Marsiglia G.

2008-03-01

225

Ausência de veia cava inferior: relato de caso Absence of the inferior vena cava: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A ausência congênita de veia cava inferior é achado incomum e ocasional durante exames complementares ou cirurgias do abdome. Em razão de a maioria dos pacientes sem outras malformações serem assintomáticos, há dificuldade em estimar a prevalência dessas anomalias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso de um paciente de 28 anos, sexo masculino, referido para radiografia de tórax devido a quadro de febre alta (39ºC não-responsiva à medicação. Radiografia de tórax sugeriu dilatação de veia ázigos. Em inquérito dirigido para sintomas cardiovasculares, referiu dor torácica (durante atividade física e em repouso e dispneia ocasionais durante o sono associada ao período em que intensificou a prática de exercícios. Realizada tomografia computadorizada sem contraste e, posteriormente, contrastada. As mesmas não esclareceram o caso, fazendo-se necessário angiotomografia, a qual evidenciou ausência de veia cava inferior torácica.The congenital absence of the inferior vena cava is a rare and occasional finding at complementary exams or abdominal surgeries. As the majority of patients without other malformations are asymptomatic, it is hard to estimate the prevalence of these anomalies. Our goal was to report a case of a 28-year-old patient, male, referred to thorax X-ray due to high fever state (39ºC, nonresponder to medication. The X-ray suggested azygos vein dilatation. The interview about cardiovascular symptoms revealed thoracic pain during both physical exercises and at rest, and occasional dyspnea during sleep related to the period of intensification of physical exercises. Computadorized tomography with and without contrast did not solve the case, what explain the request of an angiotomography, that showed absence of thoracic inferior vena cava.

Elton Correia Alves

2010-12-01

226

Ausência de veia cava inferior: relato de caso / Absence of the inferior vena cava: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A ausência congênita de veia cava inferior é achado incomum e ocasional durante exames complementares ou cirurgias do abdome. Em razão de a maioria dos pacientes sem outras malformações serem assintomáticos, há dificuldade em estimar a prevalência dessas anomalias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi rela [...] tar o caso de um paciente de 28 anos, sexo masculino, referido para radiografia de tórax devido a quadro de febre alta (39ºC) não-responsiva à medicação. Radiografia de tórax sugeriu dilatação de veia ázigos. Em inquérito dirigido para sintomas cardiovasculares, referiu dor torácica (durante atividade física e em repouso) e dispneia ocasionais durante o sono associada ao período em que intensificou a prática de exercícios. Realizada tomografia computadorizada sem contraste e, posteriormente, contrastada. As mesmas não esclareceram o caso, fazendo-se necessário angiotomografia, a qual evidenciou ausência de veia cava inferior torácica. Abstract in english The congenital absence of the inferior vena cava is a rare and occasional finding at complementary exams or abdominal surgeries. As the majority of patients without other malformations are asymptomatic, it is hard to estimate the prevalence of these anomalies. Our goal was to report a case of a 28-y [...] ear-old patient, male, referred to thorax X-ray due to high fever state (39ºC), nonresponder to medication. The X-ray suggested azygos vein dilatation. The interview about cardiovascular symptoms revealed thoracic pain during both physical exercises and at rest, and occasional dyspnea during sleep related to the period of intensification of physical exercises. Computadorized tomography with and without contrast did not solve the case, what explain the request of an angiotomography, that showed absence of thoracic inferior vena cava.

Elton Correia, Alves; Gabriela Bóia Rocha, Ferro; Luciana Karla Lira, França; Mabel Batista, Jacó; Guilherme Benjamin Brandão, Pitta.

227

Trombose de veia porta no transplante hepático / Portal vein thrombosis in liver transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A trombose de veia porta foi considerada contraindicação ao transplante de fígado no passado em razão da elevada morbi-mortalidade. Diversos avanços permitiram melhora dos resultados. OBJETIVO: Revisão dos avanços e das estratégias cirúrgicas utilizadas para realização do transplante de [...] fígado na vigência de trombose de veia porta. MÉTODO: Revisão da literatura nas bases de dados Medline, Scielo, Lilacs cruzando os descritores: portal vein thrombosis, liver transplantation, vascular complications, jump graft, graft failure, multivisceral transplant. Foram estudados a epidemiologia, fatores de risco, classificação, diagnóstico, estratégias cirúrgicas e resultados. CONCLUSÃO: A trombose de veia porta deixou de ser contraindicação para o transplante hepático. O cirurgião dispõe atualmente de uma série de estratégias para realização do transplante, variando conforme o grau da trombose. Apesar de implicar em maior morbidade e taxas de re-trombose, os resultados do transplante na presença de trombose portal são semelhantes aos observados nas séries habituais. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis was considered a contraindication for liver transplantation in the past because of the high morbidity and mortality rates. Many advances made the results better. AIM: Review the advances and surgical strategies for liver transplantation in presence of portal vein t [...] hrombosis. METHOD: Survey of publications in Medline, Scielo and Lilacs databases. Headings crossed: portal vein thrombosis, liver transplantation, vascular complications, jump graft, graft failure, multivisceral transplant. Data analyzed were epidemiology, risk factors, classification, diagnosis, surgical strategies and outcomes. CONCLUSION: Portal vein thrombosis is not a contraindication for liver transplantation anymore. There are many strategies to perform the liver transplantation in this condition, depending on portal vein thrombosis grade. Regardless higher morbidity and re-trhombosis rates, the outcomes of liver transplantation in portal vein thrombosis are similar to series without portal vein thrombosis.

Rafael Antonio Arruda, Pécora; Bernardo Fernandes, Canedo; Wellington, Andraus; Rodrigo Bronze de, Martino; Vinicius Rocha, Santos; Rubens Macedo, Arantes; Vincenzo, Pugliese; Luiz Augusto Carneiro, D´Albuquerque.

2012-12-01

228

Linac-based stereotactic body radiation therapy for treatment of glomus jugulare tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Glomus jugulare tumors are rare, typically benign, tumors that arise from the neural crest cells that are associated with the autonomic ganglia in and around the jugular bulb. Treatment options for glomus jugulare tumors include embolization followed by resection, fractionated external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and/or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Materials and methods: 18 patients were treated with linear-accelerator based stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) between May 2002 and November 2008. Fifteen patients (83%) had single glomus jugulare tumors and 3 patients had bilateral glomus jugulare tumors (although each of these patients had a single tumor targeted). The median tumor volume was 5.83 cm3 (range, 0.32-35.47 cm3). Ten tumors (56%) were previously untreated, and 8 (44%) tumors were persistent after previous surgical resection. One patient had undergone previous EBRT and 2 patients were previously treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery to the intracranial portion of their tumor, with planned SBRT to the extracranial portion 2-4 months later at our institution. The median prescribed dose was 20 Gy in 3 fractions (range: 16-25 Gy in 1-5 fx) to the 80% isodose line. The median prescription coverage of the tumor was 93.6% (range: 83-98.72%). Results: Median follow-up for the entire cohort was 22 months. All the patients were alive at the time of the last follow-up with imaging available for review. The tumor was stable in 17 patients and decreased in size in one patient - yielding a local control rate of 100%. No patients experienced any new or worsening treatment-related neurologic deficits. Conclusions: SBRT is a safe and efficacious treatment modality for glomus jugulare tumors.

229

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale using the internal jugular venous approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale is routinely performed using the transfemoral approach, which is safe and technically easy. Our case represents the rare situation where the procedure needs to be performed using the right internal jugular venous approach. According to our best knowledge this is the first report of a patent foramen ovale closure procedure with access through the internal jugular with necessity to advance the guide wire and transseptal sheath into the left ventricle. Developing alternative techniques of transcatheter patent foramen ovale closure seems to be especially important in rare cases where transfemoral access is unavailable. PMID:25061460

W?glarz, Przemys?aw; Konarska-Kuszewska, Ewa; Z?bik, Tadeusz; Kuszewski, Piotr; Drzewiecka-Gerber, Agnieszka; Motyka, Marek; Ludyga, Tomasz; Bajor, Grzegorz

2014-01-01

230

Measurement of jugular foramen to the adjacent structures with thin-section computed tomographic image.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to measure the bilateral internal aperture of the jugular foramen to internal acoustic pore, bilateral external aperture of the jugular foramen to occipital condyle, and atlas transverse process, so as to provide imaging evidence for different ways of clinical operation and smoothen the operation by protecting important nerves and blood vessels in this area. We scan 120 volunteers' skulls on computed tomography who had no skull base lesions. High-resolution spiral computed tomography multiplane reformation is used to rebuild the three-dimensional reconstruction of the brain. The difference of our study from others is that we select some specific sections to make the measurement more accurately. PMID:22801120

Feng, Hui; Ling, Limian; Liu, Min; Pang, Jianan; Tian, Yong; He, Xin; Xu, Hongzhao; Hou, Shuai; Wang, Xuetong; Cheng, Kailiang; Li, You Qiong

2012-07-01

231

Skull base aneurysmal bone cyst presented with foramen jugular syndrome and multi-osseous involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an expansile bone lesion that usually involves the long bones. Skull base involvement is rare. Hereby, we describe a 17-year-old man with hoarseness, facial asymmetry, left sided sensorineural hearing loss and left jugular foramen syndrome. CT scan and MRI showed a skull base mass that was confirmed as ABC in histopathology. The case was unusual and interesting due to the clinical presentation of jugular foramen syndrome and radiological findings such as severe enhancement and multiosseous involvement. PMID:23329983

Aghaghazvini, Leila; Sedighi, Nahid; Karami, Parisa; Yeganeh, Omid

2012-09-01

232

Skull Base Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Presented with Foramen Jugular Syndrome and Multi-Osseous Involvement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC is an expansile bone lesion that usually involves the long bones. Skull base involvement is rare. Hereby, we describe a 17-year-old man with hoarseness, facial asymmetry, left sided sensorineural hearing loss and left jugular foramen syndrome. CT scan and MRI showed a skull base mass that was confirmed as ABC in histopathology. The case was unusual and interesting due to the clinical presentation of jugular foramen syndrome and radiological findings such as severe enhancement and multiosseous involvement.Keywords: Bone Cysts,Aneurysmal,Petrous Bone,Skull Base,Cranial Fossa,Posterior

Leila Aghaghazvini

2012-01-01

233

Contrast media reflux into the jugular vein with peripheral bolus injection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of peripheral veins for injection of contrast media in digital subtraction angiography (= dsa) invariably produces a reflux of the contrast media into the jugular vein. Three different types of reflux can be distinguished. Only type II and III affect the diagnostic value of dsa of the cervicocerebral arteries. Since the arteries of interest are seldom definitely obscured by the reflux there is no need to use central venous lines. The reflux can be suppressed by manual compression of the jugular vein. (orig.)

234

No increase of calcitonin gene-related peptide in jugular blood during migraine  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Increased calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in external jugular venous blood during migraine attack is one of the most cited findings in the headache literature. The finding has not been convincingly reproduced and is based on comparison with historic control subjects. The validity of this finding is important for the understanding of migraine. We therefore investigated the issue using an intrapatient comparison design and two different CGRP assays. We sampled blood from the external jugular and cubital vein during, as well as outside of, an attack of migraine without aura. We succeeded in 17 patients, whereas only cubital fossa blood could be sampled in an additional 4 patients. CGRP was measured with the same assay as most previous studies (assay I) and furthermore with a more sensitive and validated assay (assay II). For assay I, mean CGRP concentration in external jugular venous blood during attack was 17.18 pmol/L compared with 15.88 pmol/L outside of attack. Mean difference was 1.81 pmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI]: -2.88, 6.41; p = 0.44). In peripheral blood during attack, CGRP was 16.86 pmol/L compared with 17.57 pmol/L outside of attack. Mean difference was -0.79 pmol/L (95% CI: -4.64, 3.06; p = 0.69). For assay II, external jugular venous blood concentration of CGRP during attack was 32.59 pmol/L compared with 30.59 pmol/L outside of attack; mean difference was 2.00 pmol/L (standard error, 2.39; 95% CI: -3.07, 7.07; p = 0.416). In peripheral blood during attack, CGRP was 33.37 pmol/L compared with 31.84 pmol/L outside of attack; mean difference was 1.53 pmol/L (standard error, 1.90; 95% CI: -2.46, 5.51; p = 0.431). Thus, no difference between CGRP level in external jugular or cubital fossa blood during and outside of attack was found. No difference was found between external jugular and peripheral venous blood. Thus, previous findings of increased CGRP level in external jugular or cubital fossa venous blood could not be confirmed. Our finding strongly suggests that CGRP is not increased in jugular venous blood during migraine without aura. CGRP cannot be used as a biomarker to validate human or animal models of migraine.

Tvedskov, Jesper; Lipka, Kerstin

2005-01-01

235

Comparative morphometric study of the sigmoid sinus sulcus and the jugular foramen / Estudo morfométrico comparativo do sulco do seio sigmóideo e do forame jugular  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Comparar os lados direito e esquerdo no mesmo crânio nos pontos referenciais descritos e definir as diferenças craniométricas entre ambos. Método Realizamos mensurações em 50 crânios secos de humanos adultos comparando os lados direito e esquerdo. Resultados Como resultado, obtivemos a [...] s medidas da largura do seio sigmóideo na altura do ângulo sinodural maiores no lado direito em 78% dos casos e na altura do ponto digástrico em 72%. A largura do forame jugular foi também maior no lado direito em 84% dos casos. A distância do seio sigmóideo na altura do ângulo sinodural até a altura do ponto digástrico foi maior do lado direito em 64% dos casos, e a distância do seio sigmóideo na altura do ponto digástrico até o forame jugular foi maior do lado direito em 70% dos casos. Conclusão Diferenças craniométricas significativas foram encontradas entre os dois lados do crânio. Abstract in english Objective To compare the right and left sides of the same skulls as far as the described landmarks are concerned, and establish the craniometric differences between them. Method We carried out measurements in 50 adult dry human skulls comparing both sides. Results The sigmoid sinus width at the [...] sinodural angle level was larger on the right side in 78% of the cases and at the level of the digastric notch in 72%. The jugular foramen width was also larger on the right side in 84% of the cases. The sigmoid sinus distance at the level of the digastric notch was larger on the right side in 64% of the cases, and the sigmoid sinus distance at the level of the digastric notch to the jugular foramen was larger on the right side in 70% of the cases. Conclusion Significant craniometric differences were found between both sides of the same skulls.

Silvio Pereira, Ramos Junior; Sebastião Natanael da Silva, Gusmão; Jair Leopoldo, Raso; Arthur Adolfo, Nicolato; Marcileia, Santos; Isabela Maciel, Caetano.

2014-09-01

236

Imaging analysis of hemangiopericytoma in the region of jugular foramen (report of one case and literature review)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate imaging diagnosisand differential diagnosis of hemangiopericytoma in the region of jugular foramen. Methods: 1 case of hemangiopericytoma in the region of jugular foramen proved by surgery and pathology was examined by 64 slices multiple rows sprial CT and 1.5T MRI pre-operation, the imaging features were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The hemangiopericytoma in the region of jugular foramen was misdiagnosised by both CT and MRI pre-operation. The tumor was oval in shape, with distinct boundary. Homogeneous and obvious enhancement was seen after giving contrast. Adjacent vessel were pushed by the tumor and deformed Jugular foramen enlarged because of destruction of bone. Conclusion: There isn't specific CT and MRI finding for hemangiopericytoma in the region of jugular foramen. However, imaging examination can clearly display the tumor and adjacent structures, so as to provide accurate anatomy information for surgery. (authors)

237

Agenesia da veia cava inferior / Agenesis of the inferior vena cava  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Agenesia da veia cava inferior é uma malformação rara. Sua causa mais comum é a disgenesia durante a embriogênese, mas também pode estar relacionada a trombose intrauterina ou perinatal. Normalmente é assintomática, em associação, ou não, com outras malformações congênitas, e pode cursar com maior r [...] isco de insuficiência venosa crônica e trombose venosa profunda, especialmente em jovens. Seu diagnóstico frequentemente é acidental, durante cirurgias abdominais ou procedimentos radiológicos. Relatamos cinco casos de agenesia da veia cava inferior detectada durante procedimentos eletrofisiológicos. Abstract in english Agenesis of the inferior vena cava is a rare malformation. Its most common cause is dysgenesis during embryogenesis, but it may also be related to intrauterine or perinatal thrombosis. It is usually asymptomatic, associated or not with other congenital malformations and may be related to increased r [...] isk of chronic venous insufficiency and deep vein thrombosis, especially in young individuals. Diagnosis is often incidental, during abdominal surgery or radiological procedures. We reported five cases of agenesis of the inferior vena cava detected during electrophysiological procedures.

Caroline Saltz, Gensas; Leonardo Martins, Pires; Marcelo Lapa, Kruse; Tiago Luiz Luz, Leiria; Daniel Garcia, Gomes; Gustavo Glotz de, Lima.

238

Comunicação interna numa empresa de serviços / Internal communication of a service company / Comunicación interna en una empresa de servicios  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese De acordo com os teóricos do campo da Comunicação Organizacional, a comunicação interna acaba por afetar o desempenho das organizações. Deste modo, o presente artigo procura efetuar uma análise, por intermédio da revisão bibliográfica e de um estudo de caso realizado numa empresa de serviços partilh [...] ados, à comunicação interna e identificar os aspetos da comunicação que necessitam ser otimizados. Os resultados alcançados permitiram contribuir para melhorar as práticas da comunicação desta organização: segmentação do público interno, promover a comunicação interna e reajuste da política de comunicação são algumas das sugestões para o seu bom desempenho. Abstract in spanish De acuerdo con los teóricos del campo de la Comunicación Organizacional, la comunicación interna acaba por afetar el desempeño de las organizaciones. En este sentido, el presente artículo busca efetuar un análisis, através de la revisión bibliográfica y de un estudio de caso realizado en una empresa [...] de servicios compartidos, sobre la comunicación interna, e identificar los aspetos de la comunicación que necesitan ser otimizados. Los resultados alcanzados permitirán contribuir para mejorar las prácticas de la comunicación de esta organización: segmentación del público interno, promover la comunicación interna y el reajuste de la política de comunicación son algunas de las sugerencias para un buen desempeño. Abstract in english According with the theoretical specialists in the field of Organizational Communication internal communication ultimately affects the organizational performance. This study aimes to analyze, through a bibliographical revision and a case study realized in a shared services company, the internal commu [...] nication and identify the need optimizations. The results obtained allowed a contribution to improvements in the practice of communication for this company: audience segmentation, promotion of internal communication and the readjustment of internal communication policy are just some suggestions for a better performance.

Marlene, Vieira; Adilson, Marques; Eduardo, Correia.

239

A comparative review of multidetector CT angiography and MRI in the diagnosis of jugular foramen lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To compare the efficiency of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of jugular foramen lesions. Materials and methods: The imaging of 15 patients with tumours predominantly occurring at the jugular foramen was retrospectively reviewed, with postoperative pathology data available for 11 patients. MDCT was performed at arterial phase and MRI with standard sequences and contrast enhancement. All imaging was blindly re-reported by an experienced neuroradiologist. Results: Pathology reported six glomus jugulare tumours and five neuromas, which were all correctly diagnosed using MDCT. A confident diagnosis was also made in the remaining four cases based on the pattern of enhancement. Only glomus tumours enhanced in the arterial phase. Overall, MRI was used to make a confident diagnosis in eight patients. One showed no enhancement and was correctly diagnosed as a neuroma, and seven demonstrated the tumour flow voids characteristic of a glomus tumour. The remaining seven cases all showed a similar enhancement pattern and could not be confidently differentiated between a neuroma or a glomus tumour. MDCT angiography enabled a confident assessment of the jugular vein in all cases, but MRI was inconclusive in a third of cases. Also, in the nine cases of glomus tumour diagnosed using MDCT, an enlarged feeding artery was identified in eight patients. Conclusion: MDCT is more accurate than MRI in diagnosing glomus tumours,ate than MRI in diagnosing glomus tumours, and in particular, neuromas. It also offers valuable preoperative vascular information to the surgeon.

240

A new strategy for the treatment of jugular foramen tumors using radiosurgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new treatment strategy for jugular foramen tumors using radiosurgery is reported. Six jugular foramen tumors, including 2 glomus tumors and 4 lower cranial neurinomas, were involved. Among them only one tumor was confined to the jugular foramen, but the others extended into the posterior fossa, the upper cervical portion or both. As an initial treatment, 3 cases underwent operative resection from suboccipital or transcervical route. The tumor sizes at radiosurgery ranged from 14.3 to 36.1 mm with a mean of 22.4 mm in diameter. They were treated with a marginal dose between 13 to 16.5 Gy (mean 15.6 Gy). Follow-up MRI showed an apparent tumor shrinkage in 4 and no change in 2. Central tumor necrosis was found in 4 cases, but tumor progression was never observed in the mean follow-up period of 19 months. No complication occurred during and after the radiosurgery. These results indicate that radiosurgery is effective for the control of jugular foramen tumors with acceptable risk. Large tumors extending to the upper cervical portion and posterior fossa can be treated by operative resection combined with radiosurgery. (author)

 
 
 
 
241

A comparative review of multidetector CT angiography and MRI in the diagnosis of jugular foramen lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To compare the efficiency of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of jugular foramen lesions. Materials and methods: The imaging of 15 patients with tumours predominantly occurring at the jugular foramen was retrospectively reviewed, with postoperative pathology data available for 11 patients. MDCT was performed at arterial phase and MRI with standard sequences and contrast enhancement. All imaging was blindly re-reported by an experienced neuroradiologist. Results: Pathology reported six glomus jugulare tumours and five neuromas, which were all correctly diagnosed using MDCT. A confident diagnosis was also made in the remaining four cases based on the pattern of enhancement. Only glomus tumours enhanced in the arterial phase. Overall, MRI was used to make a confident diagnosis in eight patients. One showed no enhancement and was correctly diagnosed as a neuroma, and seven demonstrated the tumour flow voids characteristic of a glomus tumour. The remaining seven cases all showed a similar enhancement pattern and could not be confidently differentiated between a neuroma or a glomus tumour. MDCT angiography enabled a confident assessment of the jugular vein in all cases, but MRI was inconclusive in a third of cases. Also, in the nine cases of glomus tumour diagnosed using MDCT, an enlarged feeding artery was identified in eight patients. Conclusion: MDCT is more accurate than MRI in diagnosing glomus tumours, and in particular, neuromas. It also offers valuable preoperative vascular information to the surgeon.

Christie, A., E-mail: andychristie90@hotmail.co [Radiology Department, Institute of Neurosciences, Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom); Teasdale, E. [Radiology Department, Institute of Neurosciences, Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2010-03-15

242

Endoscopic endonasal access to the jugular foramen: defining the surgical approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction?The endoscopic endonasal approach to the parapharyngeal space (PPS) and jugular foramen is not well defined. We sought to systematically define the important landmarks and limitations of this new surgical technique using an endoscopic transmaxillary transpterygoid corridor. Methods?Endoscopic dissection was performed in both sides of two latex-injected cadaver heads. Left-sided dissections were facilitated by the addition of a sublabial maxillary antrostomy. The pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, and PPS were sequentially dissected and the endoscopic perspective was examined. Measurements were obtained from the surgical orifices to the upper cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) and internal jugular vein (IJV). Results?Successful access to the PPS and jugular foramen was achieved in each dissection. The lateral pterygoid plate, mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve, middle meningeal artery, levator veli palatini muscle, Eustachian tube, and stylopharyngeal fascia were identified as landmarks for the upper cervical ICA and the IJV. The mean distance from the nasal sill was markedly greater than from an ipsilateral sublabial antrostomy. Conclusion?The endoscopic endonasal approach can provide adequate access to the PPS, carotid sheath, and jugular foramen. Multiple landmarks are useful to guide the dissection within these deep spaces and may facilitate the clinical application of this approach. PMID:24083127

Lee, Dennis L Y; McCoul, Edward D; Anand, Vijay K; Schwartz, Theodore H

2012-10-01

243

A new strategy for the treatment of jugular foramen tumors using radiosurgery  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new treatment strategy for jugular foramen tumors using radiosurgery is reported. Six jugular foramen tumors, including 2 glomus tumors and 4 lower cranial neurinomas, were involved. Among them only one tumor was confined to the jugular foramen, but the others extended into the posterior fossa, the upper cervical portion or both. As an initial treatment, 3 cases underwent operative resection from suboccipital or transcervical route. The tumor sizes at radiosurgery ranged from 14.3 to 36.1 mm with a mean of 22.4 mm in diameter. They were treated with a marginal dose between 13 to 16.5 Gy (mean 15.6 Gy). Follow-up MRI showed an apparent tumor shrinkage in 4 and no change in 2. Central tumor necrosis was found in 4 cases, but tumor progression was never observed in the mean follow-up period of 19 months. No complication occurred during and after the radiosurgery. These results indicate that radiosurgery is effective for the control of jugular foramen tumors with acceptable risk. Large tumors extending to the upper cervical portion and posterior fossa can be treated by operative resection combined with radiosurgery. (author).

Kida, Yoshihisa; Kobayashi, Tatsuya; Tanaka, Takayuki; Oyama, Hirofumi; Niwa, Masahiro [Komaki City Hospital, Hokkaido (Japan)

1995-08-01

244

Calcium micro-depositions in jugular truncular venous malformations revealed by Synchrotron-based XRF imaging.  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been recently demonstrated that the internal jugular vein may exhibit abnormalities classified as truncular venous malformations (TVMs). The investigation of possible morphological and biochemical anomalies at jugular tissue level could help to better understand the link between brain venous drainage and neurodegenerative disorders, recently found associated with jugular TVMs. To this end we performed sequential X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analyses on jugular tissue samples from two TVM patients and two control subjects, using complementary energies at three different synchrotrons. This investigation, coupled with conventional histological analyses, revealed anomalous micro-formations in the pathological tissues and allowed the determination of their elemental composition. Rapid XRF analyses on large tissue areas at 12.74 keV showed an increased Ca presence in the pathological samples, mainly localized in tunica adventitia microvessels. Investigations at lower energy demonstrated that the high Ca level corresponded to micro-calcifications, also containing P and Mg. We suggest that advanced synchrotron XRF micro-spectroscopy is an important analytical tool in revealing biochemical changes, which cannot be accessed by conventional investigations. Further research on a larger number of samples is needed to understand the pathogenic significance of Ca micro-depositions detected on the intramural vessels of vein walls affected by TVMs. PMID:25286775

Pascolo, Lorella; Gianoncelli, Alessandra; Rizzardi, Clara; Tisato, Veronica; Salomé, Murielle; Calligaro, Carla; Salvi, Fabrizio; Paterson, David; Zamboni, Paolo

2014-01-01

245

Internal jugular vein cannulation: an ultrasound-guided technique versus a landmark-guided technique  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To compare the landmark-guided technique versus the ultrasound-guided technique for internal jugular vein cannulation in spontaneously breathing patients. METHODS: A total of 380 patients who required internal jugular vein cannulation were randomly assigned to receive internal jugular vein cannulation using either the landmark- or ultrasound-guided technique in Bursa, Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, between April and November, 2008. Failed catheter placement, risk of complications from placement, risk of failure on first attempt at placement, number of attempts until successful catheterization, time to successful catheterization and the demographics of each patient were recorded. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was higher in the landmark group than in the ultrasound-guided group (p < 0.01. Carotid puncture rate and hematoma were more frequent in the landmark group than in the ultrasound-guided group (p < 0.05. The number of attempts for successful placement was significantly higher in the landmark group than in the ultrasound-guided group, which was accompanied by a significantly increased access time observed in the landmark group (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively. Although there were a higher number of attempts, longer access time, and a more frequent complication rate in the landmark group, the success rate was found to be comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicate that internal jugular vein catheterization guided by real-time ultrasound results in a lower access time and a lower rate of immediate complications.

Gurkan Turker

2009-01-01

246

The placement of an implantable chemoport via the external jugular vein as a primary route  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the usefulness and safety of the placement of an implantable chemoport via external jugular vein as a primary route for chemotherapy. Between January 2006 and June 2007, a total of 108 implantable chemoports were placed on 325 patients for chemotherapy via the external jugular vein as a primary route. We placed a 9.6 F single lumen chemoport using a surgical procedure (n = 89) and an interventional procedure (n = 19), and evaluated the duration of catheterization days and treatment complications. An implantable chemoport was successfully installed in all cases. Furthermore, the duration of catheterization ranged from 2 to 461 days (mean: 187 days, total catheter days: 21,994). In addition, a total of 85 chemoports were removed due to complications (n = 7) and termination of chemotherapy (n 78). A transient pulmonary air embolism occurring during a procedure was observed in one case. No pneumothorax or catheter malpositions were observed in the study subjects. Two chemoports were removed two days after implantation due to persistent tachycardia. In addition, five late complications occurred, which resulted in catheter occlusion (3 cases) (3%, 0.14/1000 catheter day) and infection in (2 cases) (2%, 0.09/1000 Catheter days). Lastly, no symptoms were attributed to a central vein thrombosis. The results of this study suggest that the implantation of chemoports via the external jugular vein is a safe procedure. Moreover, the selection of the external jugular vein as a primary route is useful in determining chemoport insertion locations.

Ahn, Moon Sang; Shin, Byung Seok [Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Park, Mi Hyun [Taejon Veterans Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2008-03-15

247

Calcium micro-depositions in jugular truncular venous malformations revealed by Synchrotron-based XRF imaging  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been recently demonstrated that the internal jugular vein may exhibit abnormalities classified as truncular venous malformations (TVMs). The investigation of possible morphological and biochemical anomalies at jugular tissue level could help to better understand the link between brain venous drainage and neurodegenerative disorders, recently found associated with jugular TVMs. To this end we performed sequential X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analyses on jugular tissue samples from two TVM patients and two control subjects, using complementary energies at three different synchrotrons. This investigation, coupled with conventional histological analyses, revealed anomalous micro-formations in the pathological tissues and allowed the determination of their elemental composition. Rapid XRF analyses on large tissue areas at 12.74?keV showed an increased Ca presence in the pathological samples, mainly localized in tunica adventitia microvessels. Investigations at lower energy demonstrated that the high Ca level corresponded to micro-calcifications, also containing P and Mg. We suggest that advanced synchrotron XRF micro-spectroscopy is an important analytical tool in revealing biochemical changes, which cannot be accessed by conventional investigations. Further research on a larger number of samples is needed to understand the pathogenic significance of Ca micro-depositions detected on the intramural vessels of vein walls affected by TVMs. PMID:25286775

Pascolo, Lorella; Gianoncelli, Alessandra; Rizzardi, Clara; Tisato, Veronica; Salome, Murielle; Calligaro, Carla; Salvi, Fabrizio; Paterson, David; Zamboni, Paolo

2014-01-01

248

Morphometry Of Jugular Foramen Of Dry Adult Human Skulls Of South India.  

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Full Text Available Jugular foramen (JF lies between the occipital and the petrosal part of the temporal bone, and allows the passage of important nerves and vascular elements i.e. the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves and the internal jugular vein. It is a potential site for development of schwannomas, metastatic lesions, and infiltrative inflammatory processes from the surrounding structures such as middle ear. JF is difficult to approach surgically, but recent advanced techniques especially image intensifier to guide the suboccipital lateral approach have made the treatment possible despite the difficulties. Hence a detailed morphological and anatomical knowledge of this region is required. The morphologic dimensions, presence or absence of septation etc varies in various races and ethnic groups as reported in previous literature. But such detailed study has been lacking in south Indian population .Thus the present descriptive study was conducted in department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore on 50 dried adult human skulls i.e. 100 JF of Dravidian (south Indian origin. The maximum antero-posterior and transverse diameter and depth of the jugular fossa of both sides were measured and septation was 6% on the right side and 8% on the left side using vernier calipers. The presence of spicules / septation of the jugular foramen were also observed on both sides. The obtained results presented variations regarding some parameters when compared to previous studies, thus making it evident the significance of race in the morphometric measurements and characteristics of the JF.

Ashwin Krishnamurthy

2011-09-01

249

Comparação do parasitismo da veia central da supra-renal com o de outros tecidos em chagásicos crônicos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Através da análise morfológica e morfométrica de cortes seriados foi estudada a ocorrência de ninhos de T. cruzi na veia central e no parênquima das supra-renais, no miocárdio ventricular esquerdo e na veia cava inferior de chagásicos crônicos. Em 36 casos estudados, 50% apresentavamfleboparasitismo [...] supra-renálico (total 29 ninhos); 3,1% apresentavamparasitismo na veia cava (apenas 1 ninho) e em 16,8% dos casos encontramos miocardiócitos parasitados (total 23 ninhos). A densidade de parasitismo, expressa em número de ninhos por 100mm² de tecido examinado, foi de 0,585 para a veia supra-renálica, de 0,001 para a veia cava e 0,01 para o miocárdio. Em 269.103,1mm² deparênquima supra-renálico não encontramos nenhum ninho. Embora tenha sido a menor área examinada, a veia central apresentou a maior freqüência de ninhos de T. cruzi. Como a diferença básica entre estes tecidos está na riqueza de corticóides no sangue que nutre a veia central, podemos admitir que esta prevalência talvez seja devido ao ambiente hormonal, que por seu efeito imunossupressoreanti-inflamatório favoreceria a sobrevida dos parasitas. Abstract in english By morphological and morphometric analyses of serial sections the occurrence of T. cruzi nests in the central vein and in the parenchyma of adrenal glands, in the left ventricular wall and in the inferior vena cava wall in chronic Chagasic patients was studied. Of 36 cases 50% showed parasites in th [...] e adrenal central vein wall (total 29 nests), 3.1% showedparasites in the vena caval wall (only I nest) and 16,8% we found parasites in the myocardiocytes (total 23 nests). The density of parasites measured in the nests for each 100mm² of the tissue examined, was 0.585 for the adrenal vein, 0.001 for the vena cava and 0.01 for the myocardium. No nest was found in 269103.1mm² of adrenal parenchyma. Although the central vein area examined was smaller, it showed the largest frequency of T. cruzi nests. Since a basic difference between these tissues is the great quantity of corticoids in the blood of the adrenal central vein, this prevalence may be because of this hormonal ambient, which with its immunosupressor and anti-inflammatory effects could help T. cruzi survival

Vicente de Paula Antunes, Teixeira; Marlene Antônia dos, Reis; Maria Betânia Mahler, Araújo; Suzana Aparecida, Silveira; Lucelena dos, Reis; Hipolito de Oliveira, Almeida.

250

Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior e sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca: novos insights e possíveis associações / Inferior Vena Cava collapsibility and heart failure signs and symptoms: new insights about possible links  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: Nos pacientes com Insuficiência Cardíaca Crônica (ICC) foram propostas medidas ultrassonográficas do Índice de Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior (ICVCI) para obter uma avaliação e classificação minuciosa da congestão hemodinâmica. OBJETIVO: A finalidade deste estudo era correlacionar [...] os achados no exame físico com o ICVCI em pacientes com ICC. MÉTODOS: De acordo com um projeto de coorte retrospectivo, analisamos 54 pacientes com ICC, direita ou biventricular, classe NYHA III. O plano era determinar se alguma faixa de ICVCI basal poderia predizer uma persistência ou agravamento da congestão clínica achada no final do acompanhamento subsequente (isto é, após 1-2 meses do tratamento oral otimizado). Para essa finalidade, os pacientes foram subdivididos em três grupos de acordo com o valor de ICVCI basal: ? 15% (13 pts), 16 - 40% (21 pts) e > 40% (20 pts). Diversos critérios clínicos de congestão foram comparados por meio dos três grupos e incorporados subsequentemente ao modelo multivariado de Cox. RESULTADOS: Preditores multivariados de alto escore de congestão foram distensão da veia jugular (FC: 13,38 95% IC: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059) e estertores (FC: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213). O ICVCI ? 15% esteve sempre associado com um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita; todavia, o ICVCI o ? 15% não predisse um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita. CONCLUSÃO: No âmbito da ICC, um baixo ICVCI não predisse, em forma confiável, um elevado escore de congestão. Não obstante, o conjunto com ICVCI ? 15% sempre se achou associado com sinais e sintomas de uma ICC descompensada, tanto do lado direito como do esquerdo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0) Abstract in english BACKGROUND: In chronic heart failure patients (CHF), ultrasound measurement of inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVCCI) has been proposed to yield careful assessment and grading of the hemodynamic congestion. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the findings of physical exami [...] nation with IVCCI in CHF patients. METHODS: According to a retrospective cohort design, we analyzed 54 CHF patients with right or biventricular CHF, belonging to III NYHA class. We planned to determine whether any basal IVCCI range would be able to predict persistent or worsening clinical congestion found at the end of subsequent follow up (i.e. after 1-2 months of oral optimized therapy). For this purpose, the patients were subdivided by three groups according to the basal IVCCI value: ? 15% (13 pts), 16 - 40% (21 pts) and > 40% (20 pts).Several clinical criteria of congestion were compared across the three groups and subsequently entered in the Cox multivariate model. RESULTS: Multivariate predictors of high congestion score were jugular venous distension (HR: 13,38 95% C.I.: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059) and rales (HR: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213). IVCCI ? 15% was always associated with high congestion score at the second visit; but IVCCI ? 15% failed to predict high congestion score at the second visit. CONCLUSION: In CHF setting, low IVCCI did not reliably predict high congestion score. Nevertheless, the cluster with IVCCI ? 15% was always found associated with signs and symptoms from both right and left-sided decompensated CHF. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

Renato, De Vecchis; Antonio, Ciccarelli; Carmelina, Ariano.

2012-06-01

251

Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior e sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca: novos insights e possíveis associações / Inferior Vena Cava collapsibility and heart failure signs and symptoms: new insights about possible links  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: Nos pacientes com Insuficiência Cardíaca Crônica (ICC) foram propostas medidas ultrassonográficas do Índice de Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior (ICVCI) para obter uma avaliação e classificação minuciosa da congestão hemodinâmica. OBJETIVO: A finalidade deste estudo era correlacionar [...] os achados no exame físico com o ICVCI em pacientes com ICC. MÉTODOS: De acordo com um projeto de coorte retrospectivo, analisamos 54 pacientes com ICC, direita ou biventricular, classe NYHA III. O plano era determinar se alguma faixa de ICVCI basal poderia predizer uma persistência ou agravamento da congestão clínica achada no final do acompanhamento subsequente (isto é, após 1-2 meses do tratamento oral otimizado). Para essa finalidade, os pacientes foram subdivididos em três grupos de acordo com o valor de ICVCI basal: ? 15% (13 pts), 16 - 40% (21 pts) e > 40% (20 pts). Diversos critérios clínicos de congestão foram comparados por meio dos três grupos e incorporados subsequentemente ao modelo multivariado de Cox. RESULTADOS: Preditores multivariados de alto escore de congestão foram distensão da veia jugular (FC: 13,38 95% IC: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059) e estertores (FC: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213). O ICVCI ? 15% esteve sempre associado com um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita; todavia, o ICVCI o ? 15% não predisse um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita. CONCLUSÃO: No âmbito da ICC, um baixo ICVCI não predisse, em forma confiável, um elevado escore de congestão. Não obstante, o conjunto com ICVCI ? 15% sempre se achou associado com sinais e sintomas de uma ICC descompensada, tanto do lado direito como do esquerdo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0) Abstract in english BACKGROUND: In chronic heart failure patients (CHF), ultrasound measurement of inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVCCI) has been proposed to yield careful assessment and grading of the hemodynamic congestion. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the findings of physical exami [...] nation with IVCCI in CHF patients. METHODS: According to a retrospective cohort design, we analyzed 54 CHF patients with right or biventricular CHF, belonging to III NYHA class. We planned to determine whether any basal IVCCI range would be able to predict persistent or worsening clinical congestion found at the end of subsequent follow up (i.e. after 1-2 months of oral optimized therapy). For this purpose, the patients were subdivided by three groups according to the basal IVCCI value: ? 15% (13 pts), 16 - 40% (21 pts) and > 40% (20 pts).Several clinical criteria of congestion were compared across the three groups and subsequently entered in the Cox multivariate model. RESULTS: Multivariate predictors of high congestion score were jugular venous distension (HR: 13,38 95% C.I.: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059) and rales (HR: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213). IVCCI ? 15% was always associated with high congestion score at the second visit; but IVCCI ? 15% failed to predict high congestion score at the second visit. CONCLUSION: In CHF setting, low IVCCI did not reliably predict high congestion score. Nevertheless, the cluster with IVCCI ? 15% was always found associated with signs and symptoms from both right and left-sided decompensated CHF. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

Renato, De Vecchis; Antonio, Ciccarelli; Carmelina, Ariano.

252

Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior e sinais e sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca: novos insights e possíveis associações Inferior Vena Cava collapsibility and heart failure signs and symptoms: new insights about possible links  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Nos pacientes com Insuficiência Cardíaca Crônica (ICC foram propostas medidas ultrassonográficas do Índice de Colapsibilidade da Veia Cava Inferior (ICVCI para obter uma avaliação e classificação minuciosa da congestão hemodinâmica. OBJETIVO: A finalidade deste estudo era correlacionar os achados no exame físico com o ICVCI em pacientes com ICC. MÉTODOS: De acordo com um projeto de coorte retrospectivo, analisamos 54 pacientes com ICC, direita ou biventricular, classe NYHA III. O plano era determinar se alguma faixa de ICVCI basal poderia predizer uma persistência ou agravamento da congestão clínica achada no final do acompanhamento subsequente (isto é, após 1-2 meses do tratamento oral otimizado. Para essa finalidade, os pacientes foram subdivididos em três grupos de acordo com o valor de ICVCI basal: ? 15% (13 pts, 16 - 40% (21 pts e > 40% (20 pts. Diversos critérios clínicos de congestão foram comparados por meio dos três grupos e incorporados subsequentemente ao modelo multivariado de Cox. RESULTADOS: Preditores multivariados de alto escore de congestão foram distensão da veia jugular (FC: 13,38 95% IC: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059 e estertores (FC: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213. O ICVCI ? 15% esteve sempre associado com um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita; todavia, o ICVCI o ? 15% não predisse um alto escore de congestão na segunda visita. CONCLUSÃO: No âmbito da ICC, um baixo ICVCI não predisse, em forma confiável, um elevado escore de congestão. Não obstante, o conjunto com ICVCI ? 15% sempre se achou associado com sinais e sintomas de uma ICC descompensada, tanto do lado direito como do esquerdo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0BACKGROUND: In chronic heart failure patients (CHF, ultrasound measurement of inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVCCI has been proposed to yield careful assessment and grading of the hemodynamic congestion. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the findings of physical examination with IVCCI in CHF patients. METHODS: According to a retrospective cohort design, we analyzed 54 CHF patients with right or biventricular CHF, belonging to III NYHA class. We planned to determine whether any basal IVCCI range would be able to predict persistent or worsening clinical congestion found at the end of subsequent follow up (i.e. after 1-2 months of oral optimized therapy. For this purpose, the patients were subdivided by three groups according to the basal IVCCI value: ? 15% (13 pts, 16 - 40% (21 pts and > 40% (20 pts.Several clinical criteria of congestion were compared across the three groups and subsequently entered in the Cox multivariate model. RESULTS: Multivariate predictors of high congestion score were jugular venous distension (HR: 13,38 95% C.I.: 2,13 - 84 p = 0,0059 and rales (HR: 11 95% C.I : 1,45 - 83,8 p = 0,0213. IVCCI ? 15% was always associated with high congestion score at the second visit; but IVCCI ? 15% failed to predict high congestion score at the second visit. CONCLUSION: In CHF setting, low IVCCI did not reliably predict high congestion score. Nevertheless, the cluster with IVCCI ? 15% was always found associated with signs and symptoms from both right and left-sided decompensated CHF. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0.

Renato De Vecchis

2012-06-01

253

Veias linfonodais: uma causa pouco conhecida de varizes / Lymph node veins: a little-known cause of varicose veins  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As veias linfonodais fazem parte de uma rede venosa no triângulo de Scarpa, que liga em vários pontos o sistema venoso superficial às veias profundas, e podem tanto ser causa de incompetência do sistema venoso superficial quanto estar envolvidas na recorrência pós-safenectomia. Na rotina diária dos [...] exames de Doppler venoso de membros inferiores, temos notado de maneira cada vez mais freqüente a associação das veias linfonodais com varizes primárias e recorrentes. A adequada caracterização dessas veias pode ajudar na compreensão do mecanismo fisiopatológico do aparecimento das varizes e permitir um controle e tratamento mais dirigidos. Este artigo lança luz sobre os aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos das veias linfonodais, objetivando chamar a atenção dos profissionais envolvidos no diagnóstico de doenças venosas dos membros inferiores para uma causa pouco difundida de varizes. Abstract in english Lymph node veins are part of a venous network in Scarpa"s triangle, communicating in many points the superficial venous system and the deep veins, and may either be the cause of incompetence of the superficial venous system, or be involved in recurrent varicose veins after saphenous vein stripping. [...] In the daily routine of venous Doppler examination of the lower extremities, an increasingly frequent association of lymph node veins with primary and/or recurrent varicose veins has been noticed. Appropriate characterization of these veins may help to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of varicose vein appearance and provide a more focused approach to follow-up and treatment. This article sheds some light on the anatomical and physiological aspects of lymph node veins, drawing the attention of professionals involved in the diagnosis of venous disorders of the lower extremities to a little-known cause of varicose veins.

André Paciello, Romualdo; Roberto de Moraes, Bastos; Alessandro, Cappucci; Mathias, Fatio; Andréa, Tsunoda; Pollyanna, Campos; Alberto Lobo, Machado; Eduardo Hideki, Tokura.

2008-12-01

254

Veias linfonodais: uma causa pouco conhecida de varizes Lymph node veins: a little-known cause of varicose veins  

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Full Text Available As veias linfonodais fazem parte de uma rede venosa no triângulo de Scarpa, que liga em vários pontos o sistema venoso superficial às veias profundas, e podem tanto ser causa de incompetência do sistema venoso superficial quanto estar envolvidas na recorrência pós-safenectomia. Na rotina diária dos exames de Doppler venoso de membros inferiores, temos notado de maneira cada vez mais freqüente a associação das veias linfonodais com varizes primárias e recorrentes. A adequada caracterização dessas veias pode ajudar na compreensão do mecanismo fisiopatológico do aparecimento das varizes e permitir um controle e tratamento mais dirigidos. Este artigo lança luz sobre os aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos das veias linfonodais, objetivando chamar a atenção dos profissionais envolvidos no diagnóstico de doenças venosas dos membros inferiores para uma causa pouco difundida de varizes.Lymph node veins are part of a venous network in Scarpa"s triangle, communicating in many points the superficial venous system and the deep veins, and may either be the cause of incompetence of the superficial venous system, or be involved in recurrent varicose veins after saphenous vein stripping. In the daily routine of venous Doppler examination of the lower extremities, an increasingly frequent association of lymph node veins with primary and/or recurrent varicose veins has been noticed. Appropriate characterization of these veins may help to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of varicose vein appearance and provide a more focused approach to follow-up and treatment. This article sheds some light on the anatomical and physiological aspects of lymph node veins, drawing the attention of professionals involved in the diagnosis of venous disorders of the lower extremities to a little-known cause of varicose veins.

André Paciello Romualdo

2008-12-01

255

Veias linfonodais: uma causa pouco conhecida de varizes / Lymph node veins: a little-known cause of varicose veins  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As veias linfonodais fazem parte de uma rede venosa no triângulo de Scarpa, que liga em vários pontos o sistema venoso superficial às veias profundas, e podem tanto ser causa de incompetência do sistema venoso superficial quanto estar envolvidas na recorrência pós-safenectomia. Na rotina diária dos [...] exames de Doppler venoso de membros inferiores, temos notado de maneira cada vez mais freqüente a associação das veias linfonodais com varizes primárias e recorrentes. A adequada caracterização dessas veias pode ajudar na compreensão do mecanismo fisiopatológico do aparecimento das varizes e permitir um controle e tratamento mais dirigidos. Este artigo lança luz sobre os aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos das veias linfonodais, objetivando chamar a atenção dos profissionais envolvidos no diagnóstico de doenças venosas dos membros inferiores para uma causa pouco difundida de varizes. Abstract in english Lymph node veins are part of a venous network in Scarpa"s triangle, communicating in many points the superficial venous system and the deep veins, and may either be the cause of incompetence of the superficial venous system, or be involved in recurrent varicose veins after saphenous vein stripping. [...] In the daily routine of venous Doppler examination of the lower extremities, an increasingly frequent association of lymph node veins with primary and/or recurrent varicose veins has been noticed. Appropriate characterization of these veins may help to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of varicose vein appearance and provide a more focused approach to follow-up and treatment. This article sheds some light on the anatomical and physiological aspects of lymph node veins, drawing the attention of professionals involved in the diagnosis of venous disorders of the lower extremities to a little-known cause of varicose veins.

André Paciello, Romualdo; Roberto de Moraes, Bastos; Alessandro, Cappucci; Mathias, Fatio; Andréa, Tsunoda; Pollyanna, Campos; Alberto Lobo, Machado; Eduardo Hideki, Tokura.

256

A utilização da artéria torácica interna aumenta a mortalidade hospitalar do paciente coronariano idoso revascularizado? Does the use of the internal thoracic artery enhance the nosocomial mortality of the elderly revascularized patient?  

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Full Text Available No InCor, foi elaborado um protocolo para avaliar se o emprego da artéria torácica interna alterava a mortalidade hospitalar nos pacientes coronarianos idosos (idade > 70 anos, submetidos a revascularizaçáo isolada, eletiva do miocárdio. No protocolo foram incluídos parâmetros clínicos, hemodinâmicos, radiológicos, operatórios e de pós-operatório. Foram analisados 100 pacientes consecutivos, com observações completas, em estudo prospectivo. A análise estatística foi realizada pelo teste de X² de Pearson. Concluímos que houve diferença estatística entre os grupos comparados e que a mortalidade hospitalar foi maior no grupo de pacientes nos quais se utilizou o enxerto de veia safena autógena. Atribuiu-se ao cirurgião, como triador, a obtenção de tais resultados, utilizando a artéria torácica interna naqueles pacientes em melhor estado geral.At the Heart Institute, we performed a study to evaluate if the internal thoracic artery modified the nosocomial mortality of elderly coronary patients (age 70 years, submitted to elective isolated revascularization of the myocardium. Clinical, hemodynamic, radiologic, operative and postoperative parameters were included in the protocol. In a prospective study one hundred consecutive patients, with complete observations were analysed. The statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's X² test. The results of this study showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the groups, the nosocomial mortality being higher in that in which autogenous saphenous vein grafts were used. The role of the surgeon as a screener regarding obtention of results is also discussed.

José Carlos R Iglézias

1991-08-01

257

A utilização da artéria torácica interna aumenta a mortalidade hospitalar do paciente coronariano idoso revascularizado? / Does the use of the internal thoracic artery enhance the nosocomial mortality of the elderly revascularized patient?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese No InCor, foi elaborado um protocolo para avaliar se o emprego da artéria torácica interna alterava a mortalidade hospitalar nos pacientes coronarianos idosos (idade > 70 anos), submetidos a revascularizaçáo isolada, eletiva do miocárdio. No protocolo foram incluídos parâmetros clínicos, hemodinâmic [...] os, radiológicos, operatórios e de pós-operatório. Foram analisados 100 pacientes consecutivos, com observações completas, em estudo prospectivo. A análise estatística foi realizada pelo teste de X² de Pearson. Concluímos que houve diferença estatística entre os grupos comparados e que a mortalidade hospitalar foi maior no grupo de pacientes nos quais se utilizou o enxerto de veia safena autógena. Atribuiu-se ao cirurgião, como triador, a obtenção de tais resultados, utilizando a artéria torácica interna naqueles pacientes em melhor estado geral. Abstract in english At the Heart Institute, we performed a study to evaluate if the internal thoracic artery modified the nosocomial mortality of elderly coronary patients (age 70 years), submitted to elective isolated revascularization of the myocardium. Clinical, hemodynamic, radiologic, operative and postoperative p [...] arameters were included in the protocol. In a prospective study one hundred consecutive patients, with complete observations were analysed. The statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's X² test. The results of this study showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the groups, the nosocomial mortality being higher in that in which autogenous saphenous vein grafts were used. The role of the surgeon as a screener regarding obtention of results is also discussed.

José Carlos R, Iglézias; Luís Alberto, Dallan; Domingos D, Lourenço Filho; Hélio Antônio, Fabri; Antônio F, Ramires; Protásio Lemos da, Luz; Sérgio Almeida de, Oliveira; Fúlvio, Pileggi; Adib D, Jatene.

258

Endovascular correction of a traumatic internal iliac arteriovenous fistula with a covered stent / Correção endovascular de fístula arteriovenosa traumática em ilíaca interna com stent revestido  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As fístulas arteriovenosas (FAVs) são comunicações anômalas entre uma artéria e uma veia, sem envolvimento capilar. Segundo sua etiologia, podem ser divididas em congênitas e adquiridas, resultantes de traumas fechados ou penetrantes, e de lesões iatrogênicas. Relatamos o caso de mulher jovem, vítim [...] a de ferimento por arma de fogo, submetida à laparotomia de urgência, que evoluiu no pós-operatório tardio com edema assimétrico de membros inferiores. Os exames de imagem demonstraram a presença de fístula arteriovenosa ilíaca interna esquerda, tratada através de cirurgia endovascular com stent revestido, determinando a total oclusão da comunicação arterial e venosa. Abstract in english Arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are anomalous communications between an artery and a vein, bypassing the capillary network. They can be subdivided on the basis of etiology into congenital and acquired fistulae. The latter may be caused by closed or penetrating traumas, or may be iatrogenic injuries. W [...] e report on a case of a young adult female gunshot wound victim treated with emergency laparotomy who developed asymmetrical edema of the lower limbs during the late postoperative period. Imaging exams showed the presence of a left internal iliac AVF, treated using endovascular surgery with placement of a covered stent, resulting in total occlusion of arteriovenous communication.

Edson Pedroza dos, Santos Junior; Rodolfo Rógers Américo, Batista; Fernanda Medina, Felici; Vinicius Evaristo, Correia; Maykon Brescancin, Oliveira; Remy Faria, Alves.

2014-03-01

259

Endovascular correction of a traumatic internal iliac arteriovenous fistula with a covered stent / Correção endovascular de fístula arteriovenosa traumática em ilíaca interna com stent revestido  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As fístulas arteriovenosas (FAVs) são comunicações anômalas entre uma artéria e uma veia, sem envolvimento capilar. Segundo sua etiologia, podem ser divididas em congênitas e adquiridas, resultantes de traumas fechados ou penetrantes, e de lesões iatrogênicas. Relatamos o caso de mulher jovem, vítim [...] a de ferimento por arma de fogo, submetida à laparotomia de urgência, que evoluiu no pós-operatório tardio com edema assimétrico de membros inferiores. Os exames de imagem demonstraram a presença de fístula arteriovenosa ilíaca interna esquerda, tratada através de cirurgia endovascular com stent revestido, determinando a total oclusão da comunicação arterial e venosa. Abstract in english Arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are anomalous communications between an artery and a vein, bypassing the capillary network. They can be subdivided on the basis of etiology into congenital and acquired fistulae. The latter may be caused by closed or penetrating traumas, or may be iatrogenic injuries. W [...] e report on a case of a young adult female gunshot wound victim treated with emergency laparotomy who developed asymmetrical edema of the lower limbs during the late postoperative period. Imaging exams showed the presence of a left internal iliac AVF, treated using endovascular surgery with placement of a covered stent, resulting in total occlusion of arteriovenous communication.

Edson Pedroza dos, Santos Junior; Rodolfo Rógers Américo, Batista; Fernanda Medina, Felici; Vinicius Evaristo, Correia; Maykon Brescancin, Oliveira; Remy Faria, Alves.

260

Trombose de veia porta em crianças e adolescentes Portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar uma revisão atualizada de trombose de veia porta na infância e adolescência, enfatizando o diagnóstico, suas complicações e tratamento. FONTE DOS DADOS: Foi realizada revisão da literatura, dos últimos 10 anos, através de pesquisa bibliográfica na Internet nos principais sites de busca médica, como o PubMed e MEDLINE, com enfoque na doença trombose de veia porta e suas repercussões clínicas. As principais palavras-chave e expressões pesquisadas foram: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Além disso, foram consultados os artigos citados nas referências dos trabalhos selecionados na pesquisa inicial e dos livros textos. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais comuns de hipertensão porta na infância. A apresentação clínica inicial pode ser através de episódios de hemorragia digestiva ou da presença de esplenomegalia em exame clínico de rotina. As principais complicações são a hemorragia digestiva, hiperesplenismo secundário à esplenomegalia, retardo de crescimento e biliopatia portal. O diagnóstico é realizado através da ultra-sonografia abdominal com Doppler. O tratamento é direcionado para as complicações, incluindo profilaxia primária e secundária de hemorragia digestiva, conseqüente à ruptura de varizes esofágicas, e derivações porto-sistêmicas, em casos selecionados. CONCLUSÕES:A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais importantes de hemorragia digestiva em crianças. Esses episódios acarretam impacto importante na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos. Dessa forma, uma abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica adequada é desejável na tentativa de se reduzir a morbimortalidade.OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents, focusing on its diagnosis, complications and treatment. SOURCE OF DATA: The medical literature of the past 10 years was reviewed using the PubMed and MEDLINE search engines, with major focus on portal vein thrombosis and its clinical outcomes. The following keywords or expressions were used for the web search: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Additionally, we also reviewed the articles cited in the references of the initially selected papers, as well as relevant textbooks. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the most common causes of portal hypertension among children. The initial clinical manifestation is characterized either by episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding or by splenomegaly on routine clinical examination. The major complications include upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hypersplenism secondary to splenomegaly, growth retardation, and portal biliopathy. The diagnosis is made by abdominal Doppler ultrasonography. Treatment is targeted at the complications and includes primary and secondary prophylaxis against upper gastrointestinal bleeding (which results from the rupture of esophageal varices, and portosystemic shunting in selected cases. CONCLUSIONS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the major triggers of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Bleeding episodes have a remarkable effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment are needed in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Graziela C. M. Schettino

2006-06-01

 
 
 
 
261

Trombose de veia porta em crianças e adolescentes / Portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Apresentar uma revisão atualizada de trombose de veia porta na infância e adolescência, enfatizando o diagnóstico, suas complicações e tratamento. FONTE DOS DADOS: Foi realizada revisão da literatura, dos últimos 10 anos, através de pesquisa bibliográfica na Internet nos principais sites d [...] e busca médica, como o PubMed e MEDLINE, com enfoque na doença trombose de veia porta e suas repercussões clínicas. As principais palavras-chave e expressões pesquisadas foram: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Além disso, foram consultados os artigos citados nas referências dos trabalhos selecionados na pesquisa inicial e dos livros textos. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais comuns de hipertensão porta na infância. A apresentação clínica inicial pode ser através de episódios de hemorragia digestiva ou da presença de esplenomegalia em exame clínico de rotina. As principais complicações são a hemorragia digestiva, hiperesplenismo secundário à esplenomegalia, retardo de crescimento e biliopatia portal. O diagnóstico é realizado através da ultra-sonografia abdominal com Doppler. O tratamento é direcionado para as complicações, incluindo profilaxia primária e secundária de hemorragia digestiva, conseqüente à ruptura de varizes esofágicas, e derivações porto-sistêmicas, em casos selecionados. CONCLUSÕES:A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais importantes de hemorragia digestiva em crianças. Esses episódios acarretam impacto importante na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos. Dessa forma, uma abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica adequada é desejável na tentativa de se reduzir a morbimortalidade. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents, focusing on its diagnosis, complications and treatment. SOURCE OF DATA: The medical literature of the past 10 years was reviewed using the PubMed and MEDLINE search engines, with major focus on portal vein thr [...] ombosis and its clinical outcomes. The following keywords or expressions were used for the web search: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Additionally, we also reviewed the articles cited in the references of the initially selected papers, as well as relevant textbooks. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the most common causes of portal hypertension among children. The initial clinical manifestation is characterized either by episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding or by splenomegaly on routine clinical examination. The major complications include upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hypersplenism secondary to splenomegaly, growth retardation, and portal biliopathy. The diagnosis is made by abdominal Doppler ultrasonography. Treatment is targeted at the complications and includes primary and secondary prophylaxis against upper gastrointestinal bleeding (which results from the rupture of esophageal varices), and portosystemic shunting in selected cases. CONCLUSIONS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the major triggers of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Bleeding episodes have a remarkable effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment are needed in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Graziela C. M., Schettino; Eleonora D. T., Fagundes; Mariza L. V., Roquete; Alexandre R., Ferreira; Francisco J., Penna.

2006-06-01

262

Trombose de veia porta em crianças e adolescentes / Portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Apresentar uma revisão atualizada de trombose de veia porta na infância e adolescência, enfatizando o diagnóstico, suas complicações e tratamento. FONTE DOS DADOS: Foi realizada revisão da literatura, dos últimos 10 anos, através de pesquisa bibliográfica na Internet nos principais sites d [...] e busca médica, como o PubMed e MEDLINE, com enfoque na doença trombose de veia porta e suas repercussões clínicas. As principais palavras-chave e expressões pesquisadas foram: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Além disso, foram consultados os artigos citados nas referências dos trabalhos selecionados na pesquisa inicial e dos livros textos. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais comuns de hipertensão porta na infância. A apresentação clínica inicial pode ser através de episódios de hemorragia digestiva ou da presença de esplenomegalia em exame clínico de rotina. As principais complicações são a hemorragia digestiva, hiperesplenismo secundário à esplenomegalia, retardo de crescimento e biliopatia portal. O diagnóstico é realizado através da ultra-sonografia abdominal com Doppler. O tratamento é direcionado para as complicações, incluindo profilaxia primária e secundária de hemorragia digestiva, conseqüente à ruptura de varizes esofágicas, e derivações porto-sistêmicas, em casos selecionados. CONCLUSÕES:A trombose de veia porta é uma das causas mais importantes de hemorragia digestiva em crianças. Esses episódios acarretam impacto importante na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos. Dessa forma, uma abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica adequada é desejável na tentativa de se reduzir a morbimortalidade. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents, focusing on its diagnosis, complications and treatment. SOURCE OF DATA: The medical literature of the past 10 years was reviewed using the PubMed and MEDLINE search engines, with major focus on portal vein thr [...] ombosis and its clinical outcomes. The following keywords or expressions were used for the web search: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Additionally, we also reviewed the articles cited in the references of the initially selected papers, as well as relevant textbooks. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the most common causes of portal hypertension among children. The initial clinical manifestation is characterized either by episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding or by splenomegaly on routine clinical examination. The major complications include upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hypersplenism secondary to splenomegaly, growth retardation, and portal biliopathy. The diagnosis is made by abdominal Doppler ultrasonography. Treatment is targeted at the complications and includes primary and secondary prophylaxis against upper gastrointestinal bleeding (which results from the rupture of esophageal varices), and portosystemic shunting in selected cases. CONCLUSIONS: Portal vein thrombosis is one of the major triggers of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Bleeding episodes have a remarkable effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment are needed in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Graziela C. M., Schettino; Eleonora D. T., Fagundes; Mariza L. V., Roquete; Alexandre R., Ferreira; Francisco J., Penna.

263

Síndrome da veia cava superior: caso clínico / Superior vena cava syndrome: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A Síndrome da Veia Cava Superior (SVCS) surge quando há diminuição ou obstrução do ?uxo de sangue através da veia cava superior (VCS) e pode cursar com muito debilitantes. Embora classicamente associada a etiologias malignas, o aumento do número de procedimentos endovenosos (cateteres venosos centra [...] is, pacemakers, cardio-desfibriladores) fez aumentar a percentagem de casos de etiologia benigna, que manifestações clínicas actualmente correspondem a 40%. O tratamento endovascular tem ganho crescente popularidade, mas nem sempre é exequível ou conduz a melhoria clínica a longo prazo, pelo que por vezes o tratamento cirúrgico é necessário. Os autores descrevem o caso clínico de um doente com SVCS, relacionado com colacação prévia de pacemaker. Após tentativa infrutífera de tratamento endovascular, o doente foi submetido a reconstrução cirúrgica, com resolução da sintomatologia. Abstract in english Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS) occurs when there is a reduction or blockage of blood ?ow through the superior vena cava (SVC) and may be associated with debilitating clinical manifestations. Although classically associated with malignant etiologies, increasing number of intravenous procedures (c [...] entral venous catheters, pacemakers) have raised the percentage of cases of benign etiology, which currently account for 40%. Endovascular management of SVCS has gained increasing popularity, although it is not always feasible or leads to long-term clinical improvement, so sometimes surgical treatment is necessary. The authors present a patient with superior vena cava syndrome due to pacemaker leads. After unsuccessful attempt of endovascular treatment, the patient underwent surgical reconstruction with resolution of symptoms.

Sandrina Figueiredo, Braga; Daniel, Brandão; Pedro Pinto, Sousa; Jacinta, Campos; Alexandra, Canedo; Pedro, Brandão; João Carlos, Mota; Luís, Vouga.

2014-03-01

264

Angiography and clinical analysis of intracranial venous sinus in jugular foramen  

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Full Text Available Background By analyzing the digital subtraction angiography (DSA of intracranial venous sinus in jugular foramen segment, this article investigates the reasons for difficulty or failure of stent implanting in intracranial venous sinus, and attempts to formulate the clinical index, which can predict the difficulty of venous sinus stenting so as to improve the success rate of stent implantation. Methods All of 118 patients treated with venous sinus stent angioplasty were analyzed retrospectively, among whom 87 cases were diagnosed as cerebral venous stenosis and intracranial hypertension, and 31 patients were diagnosed as intractable pulsatile tinnitus caused by venous sinus stenosis. All patients received thrombolysis, anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents, and stent was implanted since the symptoms were not relieved. The two turning angles and diameter of cerebral venous sinus in the jugular foramen were measured to analyze their impact on stent implantation. Results Stent implantation of 115 cases were successful, while 3 patients did not complete the surgery due to the difficulty of stent implanting. The cerebral venous sinus in the jugular foramen was a transitional structure between the sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein. Lateral view of angiography suggested "N" shape. The sum of two turning angles of venous sinus of 115 patients was (120.11± 30.32°, and the diameter of venous sinus was (5.10 ± 1.12mm. The sum of two turning angles of 3 patients who failed to implant stent was (86.37 ± 10.72°, and the diameter of venous sinus was (5.11 ± 0.37 mm. There were statistically significant differences between the angles of two groups (t = 23.420, P = 0.001, but no significant differences between the diameters of two groups ( t = 7.210, P = 0.352. Conclusion Lateral view of angiography suggested "N" shape of venous sinus in the jugular foramen. Difficulty of stent embedding would be caused by too small turning angles of venous sinus in the jugular foramen. However, the diameter of venous sinus did not influence the sugery ofstent implantation.

GE Ai-li

2013-03-01

265

Auditoria interna aplicada em uma instituição filantrópica hospitalar  

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Full Text Available A crescente demanda por serviços de saúde obrigou o governo a permitir que instituições privadas realizassem o atendimento à população, mediante uma contrapartida do Estado, via concessão de imunidade de tributos e isenção de contribuições sociais. Para obtenção e manutenção dos benefícios acima mencionados, as instituições beneficiadas devem atender a uma série de legislações tanto em âmbito federal quanto estadual e municipal. Nesse sentido, elaborou-se um resumo dos principais tópicos da história da saúde pública no Brasil, das principais legislações filantrópicas aplicáveis a uma instituição hospitalar, dos conceitos de auditoria interna, e a apresentação de um estudo de caso em uma instituição hospitalar filantrópica da Grande Porto Alegre, através da execução de um planejamento de auditoria no processo de filantropia. O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar como a auditoria interna pode colaborar com uma instituição hospitalar a fim de minimizar eventuais riscos para manutenção do certificado de filantropia, bem como propiciar sugestões de melhorias dos processos.

Marcos de Abreu Soares

2007-01-01

266

Primera aproximación a la estructura interna de Plutón  

Science.gov (United States)

En el presente trabajo se propuso estudiar la estructura interna actual del planeta Plutón. El modelo que se planteó es del tipo de estructura no-diferenciada. Se incluyó como fuente de calor interna la radioactividad y como único mecanismo de transporte de la energía a la conducción. Se encontró que el planeta estaría compuesto por una mezcla de roca (65% en masa) y hielo de agua (35%). Este simple modelo permite inferir que una estructura más realista para Plutón debería incluir también a la convección como mecanismo de transporte. Ello además permitiría avanzar de modo más firme en el estado de diferenciación del planeta, que casi seguramente sea más complejo que el adoptado.

Steren, G. A.; Carranza, G. J.; Hubbard, W. B.

267

Consistencia interna y estructura interna del cuestionario AUDIT en amerindios / Internal consistency and dimensionality of the AUDIT among Amerindians / Consistência interna e estrutura interna do questionário AUDIT em ameríndios  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: determinar a consistência interna e a dimensionalidade do AUDIT numa mostra de ameríndios que moram em Bogotá, Colômbia. Método: um estudo metodológico foi desenhado. Participaram 184 ameríndios, 99 homens e 85 mulheres. A idade média foi 32,0 anos (DP=14,0) e a escolaridade média, 6,1 ano [...] s (DP=3,7). Se estimaram as correlações corrigidas de cada ítem com o escore total, a consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach e ômega de McDonald) e a dimensionalidade (estrutura interna). Resultados: as correlações corrigidas entre os itens e o escore total foram encontradas entre 0,368 y 0,788. O AUDIT mostrou um alfa de Cronbach de 0,879; ômega de McDonald de 0,886; e um fator que explicou o 50,6% da variância. Conclusões: o AUDIT mostra excelente consistência interna e uma estrutura unidimensional em ameríndios que moram em Bogotá, Colômbia. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: determinar la consistencia interna y la dimensionalidad del AUDIT en una muestra de amerindios residentes en Bogotá, Colombia. Metodología: se diseñó un estudio metodológico. Participaron 184 amerindios, 99 hombres y 85 mujeres. La media para la edad fue 32,0 años (DE=14,0) y para la escol [...] aridad, 6,1 años (DE=3,7). Se estimaron las correlaciones corregidas de cada ítem con la puntuación total, la consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach y omega de McDonald) y la dimensionalidad (estructura interna). Resultados: las correlaciones corregidas entre los ítems y la puntuación total se encontraron entre 0,368 y 0,788. El AUDIT mostró alfa de Cronbach de 0,879; omega de McDonald de 0,886; y un factor que explicó el 50,6% de la varianza. Conclusiones: el AUDIT muestra excelente consistencia interna y una estructura unidimensional en amerindios residentes en Bogotá, Colombia. Abstract in english Objective: to establish the internal consistency and dimensionality of the AUDIT among Colombian native Amerindians dwelling in Bogotá, Colombia. Method: a validation study was carried out. A total of 184 Amerindians, 99 men and 85 women. The mean of age was 32.0 years (SD=14.0), and mean of formal [...] scholarship, 6.1 years (SD=3.7). The correlations between items and total score, internal consistency (Cronbach alpha and McDonald omega), and dimensionality (factor structure) were computed. Results: the correlations between items and total score were between 0.368 and 0.788. The AUDIT showed Cronbach alpha of 0.879, McDonald omega of 0.886, and one-dimensional structure that accounted for 50.6% of the total variance. Conclusions: the AUDIT shows excellent internal consistency and one-dimension structure among Amerindians dwelling in Bogota, Colombia.

Alix Lorena, Medina; Nadia Milena, Arévalo; Sandra Dolores, Beltrán; Yuri Lizeth, Chavarro; Edwin, Herazo; Adalberto, Campo-Arias.

2014-04-01

268

Como Morrem os Doentes numa Enfermaria de Medicina Interna  

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Os doentes com doença crónica avançada são uma presença diária nas enfermarias de Medicina Interna, não existindo um protocolo de intervenção universal e uniforme. Este estudo pretende ser uma primeira abordagem para avaliar a forma como tratamos e cuidamos destes doentes, quer de etiologia neoplásica, quer de outras doenças crónicas, igualmente consumptivas, como demência, insuficiência cardíaca, VIH/SIDA, doença pulmonar crónica obstrutiva (DPCO). Foram recolhidas informaç...

Pulido, I.; Baptista, I.; Brito, M.; Matias, T.

2010-01-01

269

A relevância do capital humano para a auditoria interna  

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Resumo - A Auditoria Interna tem vindo a ganhar progressiva importância e a sofrer diversos ajustamentos, no que respeita aos objectivos que persegue. A detecção de fraudes foi o primeiro. (Será ainda o único para alguns). Surgiram outros – a verificação da fidedignidade dos registos e o cumprimento de normas, leis e regulamentos (externos e internos). Mais recentemente - a economia, a eficiência e a eficácia. A óptica é, cada vez mais, preventiva, construtiva e com ênfase no...

Nunes, Anto?nio Da Trindade

2007-01-01

270

Internkommunikation på IKEA : En funktionsanalys av IKEA Uppsalas interna kommunikation  

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Abstract Title: Internal communication at IKEA – A functional analysis of IKEA Uppsalas internal communication (Intern kommunikation på IKEA – En funktionsanalys av IKEA Uppsalas interna kommunikation) Author: Fredrik Johansson Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the internal communication at IKEA Uppsala. Are the channels of communication working efficiently? How is the information received by the employees? Finally I will make a few suggestions on how the internal communicatio...

Johansson, Fredrik

2007-01-01

271

Potencialidad creativa de la comunicación interna en el tercer sector  

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Full Text Available Para diseñar la estrategia de comunicación interna en una organización sin ánimo de lucro, se encuentran algunas características propias que determinan unos modos concretos de comunicar, y la creatividad individual de las personas que hacen parte de la empresa se debe adaptar a las exigencias organizativas, de modo que éstas potencien dicha creatividad, sin dejar que los procesos la sofoquen o la adormezcan.

Jos\\u00E9 Mar\\u00EDa La Porte

2005-01-01

272

Consumo de combustible de los motores de combustión interna  

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Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se analizan los resultados de investigaciones realizadas sobre el consumo de combustibles de motores de combustión interna (MCI de consumo diesel y gasolina y su variación en función de la masa y la potencia desarrollada. Se establecen correlaciones entre los índices y la influencia de las características de diseño mediante el programa STATGRAPHICS Plus 5.0, obteniéndose las ecuaciones de los modelos ajustados.

Roberto P. Gonz\\u00E1lez Vald\\u00E9s

2010-01-01

273

Consumo de combustible de los motores de combustión interna  

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En el presente trabajo se analizan los resultados de investigaciones realizadas sobre el consumo de combustibles de motores de combustión interna (MCI) de consumo diesel y gasolina y su variación en función de la masa y la potencia desarrollada. Se establecen correlaciones entre los índices y la influencia de las características de diseño mediante el programa STATGRAPHICS Plus 5.0, obteniéndose las ecuaciones de los modelos ajustados.

Yelene Garcu00EDa Tau00EDn; Pez, Yanara Rodru Edguez Lu F.; Roberto P. Gonzu00E1lez Valdu00E9s; Ndez, Lucu Eda Fernu E.

2010-01-01

274

Spinal accessory neuropathy associated with the tumor located on the jugular foramen.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal accessory neuropathy is commonly caused by iatrogenic injury or secondary to trauma or infection. Nevertheless, the tumor related palsy is rare. We present a case of an 18-year-old male patient suffering from paralysis of his right trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscle. An electrophysiologic diagnostic study confirmed the spinal accessory neuropathy of the proximal segment. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging showed the location of tumor on the jugular foramen. However, the type of the tumor was not confirmed through biopsy because the patient refused surgical procedure. Based on the study, it is hypothesized that the tumor located on the jugular foramen should be considered as a cause of the spinal accessory nerve of the proximal segment. PMID:23526381

Lee, Soyoung; Yang, Shimo; Lee, Jieun; Kim, Inhwan

2013-02-01

275

Septic pulmonary embolism secondary to jugular thrombophlebitis: a case of Lemierre's syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute oropharyngeal infection, complicated by internal jugular venous thrombosis secondary to septic thrombophlebitis, and by metastatic infections in various distant organs-most commonly in the lungs. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in a 56-year-old female who presented with right-sided neck mass and fever. Right internal jugular venous thrombosis was demonstrated on an ultrasound. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed multiple opacities throughout both lungs. An open surgical biopsy was performed due to suspicion of pulmonary metastases. Anatomopathological examination revealed septic emboli in lung parenchyma. Retrospectively, the patient reported a history of pharyngitis two weeks prior to hospitalization. After the diagnosis had been made, the patient was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics (cefuroxime for 7 days and azithromycin for 5 days; subsequently, because fever persisted, cefepime for 7 days). One month later, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed resolution of the opacities. PMID:19180345

Silva, Denise Rossato; Gazzana, Marcelo Basso; Albaneze, Ricardo; Dalcin, Paulo de Tarso Roth; Vidart, Josi; Gulcó, Nei

2008-12-01

276

Brachial artery-jugular vein jump graft: a salvage procedure for vascular access.  

Science.gov (United States)

A prospective analysis was made on 11 patients who received a brachial artery-external/internal jugular polytetrafluoroethylene jump graft for hemodialysis access. The procedure was chosen because of exhaustion of the veins in the upper extremity owing to previous multiple failed fistulas or grafts. In two patients, the procedure failed after several months. Six patients retained functioning grafts for >18 months after shunt construction. Three patients are still under observation and have a functional graft after 3 months. We believe that the brachial artery-external/internal jugular vein jump graft is a salvage procedure that can be used for vascular access when all upper extremity veins, including the subclavian or axillary veins, cannot be used. PMID:20409681

Motamedi, Ali Reza Kalantar; Shirvani, Amir

2010-11-01

277

The Lemierre syndrome: suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein secondary to oropharyngeal infection.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present 2 cases of the Lemierre syndrome (also called postanginal septicemia), along with 36 other cases from a review of recent literature. A review of the literature during the preantibiotic era is also included. This disease is caused by an acute oropharyngeal infection with secondary thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein complicated by multiple metastatic infection. The majority of cases are caused by anaerobic gram-negative organisms, most frequently Fusobacterium necrophorum. An enhanced computed tomographic scan of the neck is the technique of choice to demonstrate the thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. Prolonged intravenous administration of antimicrobial agents known to have a good antianaerobic coverage, along with drainage of purulent collections, will usually be successful in the overwhelming majority of patients. PMID:2646510

Sinave, C P; Hardy, G J; Fardy, P W

1989-03-01

278

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure causing myelopathy in a patient with bilateral jugular vein occlusion. Case report.  

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The authors describe the case of a 36-year-old woman with bilateral internal jugular vein occlusion, hydrocephalus, and Dandy-Walker variant who presented with myelopathy that was ultimately attributed to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt failure. Computed tomography (CT) angiography of the head and neck revealed epidural venous engorgement within the cervical spine, greater that 50% narrowing of the C2-5 spinal canal, and compression of the cervical spinal cord. After successful shunt revision, postoperative CT angiography revealed decreased venous engorgement as well as decompression of the cervical spinal cord, and the patient's myelopathy improved. This case represents a fascinating clinical presentation of VP shunt failure, highlighting the physiological importance of the external jugular pathways involved in cerebral venous drainage. PMID:17233293

Humphries, William E; Grossi, Peter M; Liethe, Linda G; George, Timothy M

2007-01-01

279

Case of huge neurofibroma expanding extra- and intracranially through the enlarged jugular foramen. CT scan findings and surgical approach  

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The surgical approach to the jugular foramen has been considered to be very difficult and troublesome, because of the location in which important structures, such as the internal jugular vein, internal carotid artery and lower cranial nerves, converge in the narrow deep space. A case of huge neurofibroma, which extended from the tentorium cerebelli through the dilated jugular foramen to the level of the vertebral body of C/sub 3/ was presented. A 12-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of visual disturbance and palsy of the V-XII cranial nerves of the left side. Plain skull film showed prominent widening of the cranial sutures and enlargement of the sella turcica. Horizontal CT scan with contrast showed symmetrical ventricular dilatation and a heterogeneously enhanced mass, which was situated mainly in the left CP angle. Coronal CT scan with contrast revealed a huge mass and enlarged jugular foramen, through which the tumor extended to the level of the vertebral body of C/sub 3/. Occlusion of the sigmoid sinus and the internal jugular vein of the left side was noticed in the vertebral angiography. Two-stage approach, the first one for removal of the intracranial tumor and the second one for extracranial tumor, was performed for its huge tumor. Several authors have reported excellent surgical approaches for the tumors situated in the jugular foramen. By our approach, modifying Gardner's original one, a wide operative field was obtained to remove the tumor around the jugular foramen with success. Our approach for the jugular foramen was described with illustrations.

Hanakita, Junya; Imataka, Kiyoharu; Handa, Hajime (Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

1984-01-01

280

Bilateral breast swelling secondary to superior vena cava obstruction and subclavian vein thrombosis / Edema bilateral das mamas secundário a obstrução da veia cava superior e trombose de veia subclávia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A síndrome da veia cava superior é definida por um conjunto de sinais e sintomas secundários a uma obstrução da veia cava superior, causada principalmente por neoplasias malignas. Este relato de caso demonstra uma manifestação clínica incomum dessa síndrome, o edema bilateral das mamas, e destaca a [...] importância do conhecimento dos sinais mamográficos de doenças sistêmicas. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome is defined by a set of signs and symptoms secondary to superior vena cava obstruction caused principally by malignant diseases. The present report describes the case of an unusual clinical manifestation of this syndrome with bilateral breast swelling, and emphasizes the r [...] elevance of knowledge on mammographic signs of systemic diseases.

Ariadne Mayumi, Yamada; Ana Lucia Kefalas Oliveira, Melo; Gesner Pereira, Lopes; Genesio Borges de, Andrade Neto; Valesca Bizinoto, Monteiro; Renato Santos, Soares.

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
281

Angiography and clinical analysis of intracranial venous sinus in jugular foramen  

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Background By analyzing the digital subtraction angiography (DSA) of intracranial venous sinus in jugular foramen segment, this article investigates the reasons for difficulty or failure of stent implanting in intracranial venous sinus, and attempts to formulate the clinical index, which can predict the difficulty of venous sinus stenting so as to improve the success rate of stent implantation. Methods All of 118 patients treated with venous sinus stent angioplasty were analyzed retrospecti...

Ge, Ai-li; Liang, Yong-ping; Liu, Xin-feng; Ma, Yu-dong; Wang, Jun; Li, Sheng; Li, Bao-min; Cao, Xiang-yu; Zhang, A-lan

2013-01-01

282

Spinal Accessory Neuropathy Associated With the Tumor Located on the Jugular Foramen  

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Spinal accessory neuropathy is commonly caused by iatrogenic injury or secondary to trauma or infection. Nevertheless, the tumor related palsy is rare. We present a case of an 18-year-old male patient suffering from paralysis of his right trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscle. An electrophysiologic diagnostic study confirmed the spinal accessory neuropathy of the proximal segment. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging showed the location of tumor on the jugular foramen. However, the type...

Lee, Soyoung; Yang, Shimo; Lee, Jieun; Kim, Inhwan

2013-01-01

283

Dural Arteriovenous Fistula of Jugular Foramen with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage : Selective Transarterial Embolization  

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We report the case of a 64-year-old man with dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) at right jugular foramen, presented as subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage. The malformation was fed by only the neuromeningeal trunk of the right ascending pharyngeal artery and drained into the right lateral medullary veins craniopetally. Complete embolization was attained by selective transarterial glue injection, but patient showed lower cranial neuropathies. A 3-month follow-up angiogram still showed...

Byun, Jun Soo; Hwang, Sung Nam; Park, Seung Won; Nam, Taek Kyun

2009-01-01

284

Hearing Improvement after Resection of a Large Jugular Foramen Schwannoma: Case Report  

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Although hearing improvement after surgery for small tumors of the cerebellopontine angle has been reported, the mechanism by which surgery leads to the improvement in hearing remains controversial. We report a patient who sought treatment for progressive tinnitus and hearing loss. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a large (5-cm) schwannoma in the cerebellopontine angle. At surgery the lesion was found to originate from rootlets of cranial nerve X at the jugular foramen. The patient underwent...

Lekovic, Gregory P.; Gonzalez, L. Fernando; Weisskopf, Peter; Smith, Kris A.

2008-01-01

285

Metastatic lung cancer presenting with jugular foramen syndrome in a case of von Recklinghausens disease  

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Metastatic carcinomas from a distant primary malignancy involving the temporal bone particularly the jugular foramen are rare tumors. A 57-year-old gentleman had multiple gradually increasing swellings over the body since many years. For last two years, he noticed enlargement of the swelling in left calf and rapidly enlarging painful new swelling over the left chest wall in back for last one year. He had recent involvement of left seventh, eighth and lower cranial nerves. CT scan showed an ex...

Agarwal Amit; Baisakhiya Nitish; Kakani Anand; Bhake Arvind; Nagrale Manda; Reddy Shivshankar

2010-01-01

286

The Jugular Dural Fold—A Helpful Skull Base Landmark to the Cranial Nerves  

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During a retrosigmoid (or combined retrolabyrinthine-retrosigmoid) approach to the posterior fossa for vestibular neurectomy or removal of small acoustic neuromas, a white dural fold is a consistent landmark to cranial nerves VII through XII. This fold of dura appears as a white linear structure extending from the foramen magnum across the sigmoid sinus, attaching to the posterior aspect of the temporal bone, anterior to the vestibular aqueduct. The name “jugular dural fold” is suggested ...

Silverstein, Herbert; Willcox, Thomas O.; Rosenberg, Seth I.; Seidman, Michael D.

1995-01-01

287

Melatonin concentrations in the two jugular veins, and relationship with the seasonal reproductive activity in goats  

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The authors investigated whether melatonin concentrations vary between the two jugular veins and whether absolute (nocturnal) or relative (nocturnal/diurnal ratio) plasma melatonin concentrations are associated with seasonal reproductive activity measured by oestrus or ovulatory activity in Payoya goats. Thirty-two adult Payoya goats were penned under natural photoperiod. Oestrus activity was tested daily using aproned males-twice a week plasma was sampled for progesterone. Melatonin plasma c...

Zarazaga Garce?s, Luis A?ngel; Celi Maria?tegui, Irma Del Rosario; Guzma?n Guerrero, Jose? Luis; Malpaux, B.

2010-01-01

288

An Ultrasound Study of Cerebral Venous Drainage after Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization  

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Objectives. It has been advocated that internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation in patients at risk for intracranial hypertension could impair cerebral venous return. Aim of this study was to demonstrate that ultrasound-guided IJV cannulation in elective neurosurgical patients is safe and does not impair cerebral venous return. Methods. IJV cross-sectional diameter and flow were measured using two-dimensional ultrasound and Doppler function bilaterally before and after IJV cannulation with the...

Davide Vailati; Massimo Lamperti; Matteo Subert; Alberto Sommariva

2012-01-01

289

A 28-year-old pregnant woman with a very rare cause of jugular vein thrombosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

During pregnancy, venous thrombosis of the distal extremities is not uncommon. However, thrombosis in the upper part of the body, such as jugular vein thrombosis, is rare. If underlying causes such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) or septic thrombophlebitis (Lemierre's syndrome) are excluded, a serous borderline ovary tumour (BOT) must be considered and MR imaging of the abdomen could be performed to find a primary tumour mass. PMID:24829179

van den Broek, R; van Balen, M; Blaauwgeers, J; ten Wolde, M

2014-05-01

290

[Lemierre's syndrome: septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein secondary to acute amygdalitis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Lemierre's syndrome is an uncommon clinical entity. It consists of an acute oropharyngeal infection, with secondary septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein frequently complicated with multiple metastatic infections. It is generally caused by anaerobic Gram-negative organisms. Although it is rarely reported in the antibiotic era, this disease must be taken into account because it is a potentially life-threatening infection requiring a specific and early treatment. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome managed in our hospital. PMID:11428274

Laguía, M; Lahoz, T; Martínez, J; Valero, J; Fraile, J; Cámara, F

2001-03-01

291

Vertebral artery thrombosis and subsequent stroke following attempted internal jugular central venous catheterization  

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Complications arising from internal jugular venous catheterization are uncommon. Injury to the carotid artery is reported as one of the more common injuries. Vertebral artery injuries are rare and include pseudoaneurysm formation, arteriovenous fistulas, lacerations, and dissection with thrombus formation. Occasionally, such injuries initially go unnoticed and have the potential to cause catastrophic outcomes, leaving clinicians and families wondering what transpired. A thorough autopsy can n...

Vrancken, Michael J.; Guileyardo, Joseph

2012-01-01

292

Internal jugular vein valve incompetence and intracranial venous anatomy in transient global amnesia  

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Background: Recently a causal relation between internal jugular vein valve incompetence (IJVVI) and transient global amnesia (TGA) has been suggested. IJVVI is postulated to provoke a transient mesiotemporal ischaemia by venous congestion. This mechanism requires a patent venous pathway from the affected IJV through the transverse sinus, confluens, straight sinus (SS), vein of Galen into the basal vein of Rosenthal and the internal cerebral veins.

Schreiber, S.; Doepp, F.; Klingebiel, R.; Valdueza, J.

2005-01-01

293

Incompetence of internal jugular vein valve in patients with transient global amnesia  

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Background/Aim. Transient global amnesia (TGA) could be related to acute ischemic disturbances in mesial parts of temporal lobes, which are important for memory. Incompetence of internal jugular vein (IJV) valve with venous congestion causes venous microthrombosis of hippocampus. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of IJV valve incompetence, as well as other hemodynamic and structural properties of cerebral circulation in TGA patients. Methods. IJV valve competence wa...

Jovanovi? Zagorka B.; Vujisi?-Teši? Bosiljka; Pavlovi? Aleksandra M.; Zidverc-Trajkovi? Jasna J.; Mijajlovi? Milija D.; Bori?i?-Kosti? Marija V.; Z?, Cvitan Edita; Radoji?i? Aleksandra P.; Tomi? Gordana; Šundi? Ana; Šterni?-?ovi?kovi? Nadežda M.

2011-01-01

294

Metastatic lung cancer presenting with jugular foramen syndrome in a case of von Recklinghausens disease  

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Full Text Available Metastatic carcinomas from a distant primary malignancy involving the temporal bone particularly the jugular foramen are rare tumors. A 57-year-old gentleman had multiple gradually increasing swellings over the body since many years. For last two years, he noticed enlargement of the swelling in left calf and rapidly enlarging painful new swelling over the left chest wall in back for last one year. He had recent involvement of left seventh, eighth and lower cranial nerves. CT scan showed an extensive lesion in left jugular foramen region with bone destruction. The patient underwent decompression of the left jugular foramen mass lesion. The tumor was extremely vascular and a partial decompression could only be performed. Although there was relief in the headache but the neurological deficits were persisting. Histopathology of the tumor showed features of metastatic small ling cancer. In the present case, there was presence of long standing multiple swelling all over the body and the patient had painful enlargement that he perceived as an ongoing process of the von Recklinghausen?s disease and made a delay in seeking the medical advice resulting in a well advanced disease and with poor prognosis.

Agarwal Amit

2010-01-01

295

Formation of the external jugular vein in the brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira  

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Full Text Available The brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira is a brown-greyish short-haired wild ruminant living in Central and South Americas. This paper aimed at describing the formation of the external jugular vein in a male specimen which died due to run-over. The facial and cervical regions were dissected so as to allow the visualization of the external jugular vein and its tributaries. This vein was formed by the union of the maxillary and linguofacial veins. The first originated from the superficial and transverse facial temporal veins, and it received along its length the angular vein of the eye, as well as the dorsal and lateral veins of the nose and upper lip. The second was formed after the anastomosis of the lingual and facial veins. The facial vein was originated by the union of the lower lip and deep facial veins, in the middle third of the face, rostral to the masseter muscle. This vascular arrangement differs from that usually observed in domestic ruminants, in which the transverse facial vein is underdeveloped and the facial vein receives the angular vein of the eye, the dorsal and lateral veins of the nose, besides the upper lip vein. The external jugular vein in the brown brocket deer presented the same tributaries than domestic ruminants, however, with a different vessel arrangement of the facial and facial transverse veins.

Gregório Corrêa Guimarães

2012-11-01

296

Outcome of tunneled infusion catheters inserted via the right internal jugular vein  

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To assess the outcome of tunneled central venous catheter placement via the right internal jugular vein. Between June 2001 and May 2002, 670 consecutive Hickman catheters were placed in 654 patients via the right internal jugular vein. The procedural complications arising and follow-up data obtained from May to July 2002 were evaluated. The technical success rate for catheter placement was 99.9% (669/670). Procedural complications were limited to eight cases (1.2%), including three pneumothoraces, one early migration of the catheter, one clinically unimportant air embolism, one catheter injury, one catheter kinking and one primary malpositioning in the azygos vein. Catheter dwelling time ranged from 1 to 407 (mean 107.1) days. During the follow-up period, 416 catheter were removed for various reasons: treatment had ended (n=334), patients declined treatment or their drug regimen was changed (n=16), late complications arose (n=53), or other circumstances intervened (n=13). Late complications included 44 cases of catheter-related infection (6.6%), five of catheter migration (0.7%), two of catheter occlusion (0.3%), one of thrombophlebitis (0.15%), and one of catheter-related right atrial thrombosis (0.15%). Only one instance of symptomatic venous thrombosis or stenosis was noted, namely the one case of thrombophlebitis. Because the incidence of subsequent symptomatic venous thrombosis or stenosis is lower, the preferred route for tunneled central venous catheter placement is the right internal jugular vein.

Shin, Sung Wook; Do, Young Soo; Choo, Sung Wook; Yoo, Wi Kang; Choo, In Wook [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jae Hyung [Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2003-03-01

297

Internal jugular vein thrombosis in a warfarinised patient: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Internal jugular vein thrombosis (IJVT is a rare but potentially fatal condition. It usually arises following trauma to the internal jugular vein but is also seen in association with coagulopathies and advanced malignancies as part of a para-neoplastic syndrome. Case presentation We report a case of a 44 year old woman with a strong past medical history and family history of thrombotic disease who presented with abdominal pain and ascites. A stage III ovarian carcinoma was diagnosed and she underwent debulking of the tumour. She sustained a peri-operative haemorrhage and required insertion of a central line into the right internal jugular vein. At one month follow-up she presented as an emergency with a left neck mass and painful swallowing. A duplex ultrasound of her neck identified a left IJVT to the level of the brachiocephalic vein which had occurred despite warfarinisation and an INR of greater than 2. She was commenced on intravenous heparin and the swelling resolved over the course of a week. Conclusion This case illustrates an unusual presentation of a rare condition. In this case, the precise aetiology is unclear as the IJVT may have been related to a coagulopathy or the presence of advanced malignancy and occurred despite adequate anticoagulation.

Ball Elizabeth

2007-12-01

298

Internal jugular vein thrombosis complicating cervicofacial infection of dental origin. Case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Septic thrombosis of the internal jugular vein or Lemierre’s syndrome is a rare form of metastatic septic thromboembolitis, typically involving superinfection with Fusobacterium Necrophorum, internal jugular vein thrombosis and remote septic emboli.CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male was referred for a painful cervicofacial swelling on the left, obliteration of the buccal sulcus, as well as swelling of both the soft and hard palate and the floor of the mouth ipsilaterally, accompanied by severe trismus and difficulty in swallowing. The patient underwent intraoral and extraoral incisions and drainage of the affected anatomical spaces and tracheotomy. The patient’s clinical condition was steadily improving; following examination with CT scan,9 days post-op, internal jugular vein thrombosis was diagnosed. The patient was put on anticoagulants. The postoperative course continued uneventfully, and the patient was discharged. One month post-operatively the vessel was normal and anticoagulant treatment was discontinued.CONCLUSION: Since Lemierre’s syndrome is not only rare but also tends to be underdiagnosed when there is no obvious cause of sepsis, it should be included in the differential diagnosis if the patient’s general contition deteriorates in spite of the treatment.

Christos DENDRINOS

2012-08-01

299

Dural sinus thrombosis - a rare manifestation of internal jugular venous occlusion.  

Science.gov (United States)

The dural sinus thrombosis is an uncommon complication of a commonly done procedure of central venous catheterisation. We present a case of massive hemorrhagic venous infarct with gross cerebral edema due to dural sinus thrombosis along with right internal jugular vein thrombus. A 21-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with fever and swelling of the right neck four days following discharge after his prior hospitalization two weeks ago for acute renal failure due to severe gastroenteritis, when he underwent hemodialysis through right internal jugular access. On presentation, he was conscious, with swelling on right side of the neck, which was diagnosed as right internal jugular vein occlusion. However, he rapidly deteriorated and developed signs of raised intracranial pressure despite being on treatment with heparin. He was diagnosed as having massive hemorrhagic cerebral venous infarct with gross cerebral edema complicated with shift of the ventricles to the left due to dural sinus thrombosis. Despite emergency decompressive craniotomy, he succumbed in the next two days due to coning. Asymptomatic catheter-related thrombosis is frequent in the intensive care units, but major complications like retrograde extension into dural sinus causing thrombosis is rare. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose this major catastrophe for an early and meaningful intervention. PMID:22805395

Binnani, Pooja; Bahadur, M M; Dalal, Kuldeep

2012-07-01

300

Características das células parasitadas pelo Trypanosoma cruzi na parede da veia central das supra-renais de Chagásicos crônicos  

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Foram analisados os aspectos das células musculares parasitadas pelo Trypanosoma cruzi, na veia da supra-renal de chagásicos crônicos, através de exame ao microscópio óptico de lâminas coradas pela hematoxilina-eosina (HE), PAS, Feulgen e peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) para antigenos do T. cruzi. Além das modificações nucleares descritas anteriormente, os leiomiócitos parasitados exibem alterações citoplasmáticas que podem ser vistas mesmo em células que albergam poucos parasi...

Hipolito de Oliveira Almeida; Elizabeth Martins; José Umberto Franciscon; Vicente de Paula Antunes Teixeira; Alfredo José Afonso Barbosa; Helenice Gobbi; Marlene Antonia dos Reis

1986-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

CT and MRI diagnosis of primary middle ear carcinoma invading jugular foramen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the CT and MRI features of primary middle ear carcinoma invading jugular foramen. Methods: CT and MRI images of 7 patients with surgically and pathologically confirmed primary middle ear carcinoma invading jugular foramen were analyzed retrospectively, including high resolution CT (HRCT) scan in 6 cases, CT enhancement scan in 1 case and MR plain and enhancement scan in 7 cases. Results: On HRCT, the soft tissue lesions mainly located in tympanum, tympanic sinus, the deep of external auditory canal and jugular foramen, and irregular 'moth-eaten' bone destruction could be seen, including the destruction of jugular foramen in 7 cases, eustachian tube in 7 cases, facial nerve canal in 4 cases, carotid artery canal in 4 cases, external auditory canal wall in 3 cases, auditory ossicles in 2 cases, vestibular window and horizontal semicircular canal in 1 case. CT plain scan showed the density of soft tissue mass was uniform in 4 cases with CT value of 30-55 HU, and heterogeneous in 2 cases, in which small pieces high density lesions could be found. CT enhancement scan in 1 case revealed moderate and homogeneous enhancement. On MR plain scan, the soft tissue masses with hazy margins could be seen, and compared to the gray matter of brain, the lesions were isointense or slightly hypointense on T1WI and isointense or slightly hyperintense on T2WI. The signal was homogeneous in 5 cases and inhomogeneous in 2 cases with small pieces of hypointensity both on T1WI and T2WI. After enhancement, the lesions were enhanced moderately and homogeneously in 5 cases and inhomogeneously in 2 cases with small pieces of non enhanced area. MRI also showed the erosion of carotid artery in 4 cases, sigmoid sinus in 1 case. Conclusion: The primary middle ear carcinoma can invade the jugular foramen area extensively, which may lead to misdiagnosis. HRCT can precisely depict the bone destruction and the invasion of the important anatomic structures in the primary middle ear carcinoma, and the destruction of eustachian tube can help to reduce misdiagnosis. MRI can more clearly show the extent of tumor and the mass signal and enhancement pattern. (authors)

302

Small saphenous vein: where does reflux go? / Veia safena parva: para onde se dirige o refluxo?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: A veia safena parva (VSP) apresenta grande variabilidade anatômica graças à sua complexa origem embriológica. Na VSP insuficiente, o refluxo que se dirige para a perfurante de reentrada nem sempre obedece ao mesmo trajeto anatômico. OBJETIVO: Estudar a variabilidade da direção do ref [...] luxo da VSP e sua reentrada. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo e observacional, 60 membros inferiores com insuficiência de VSP em 43 pacientes foram avaliados por protocolo de eco-color Doppler. RESULTADOS: As variações de reentrada foram agrupadas em quatro tipos, com seus respectivos subtipos. A porcentagem dos achados foi: Tipo A, perfurantes de face medial = 25/60 casos (41,66%), subtipos Cockett, Sherman, paratibiais e do vértice; Tipo B, maléolo externo e perfurantes da face lateral (externa) (fibulares 17-26 cm) = 15/60 casos (25%), subtipos fibulares e maléolo; Tipo C, em dois ramos = 19/60 casos (31,66%), subtipos gastrocnêmias e Cockett, gastrocnêmias e maléolo e/ou fibulares, Cockett e maléolo, Cockett-vértice e fibular; Tipo D, terminação no sistema superficial = 1/60 casos (1,66%). CONCLUSÃO: Na maior parte desta casuística, o refluxo não obedeceu ao percurso anatômico clássico. Demonstrou-se a variabilidade do trajeto do refluxo ou sua reentrada, e não a variabilidade anatômica da veia safena parva. Pode-se interpretar que o refluxo buscaria, como reentrada, a conexão anatômica mais acessível, ou então se originaria no setor distal, alcançando depois a veia safena parva. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The anatomy of small saphenous vein (SSV) is very variable because of its complex embryological origin. SSV incompetence often causes reflux that goes to the perforating veins, sometimes not respecting the anatomical course. OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in reflux direction and [...] reentry in the SSV. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, 60 lower limbs with SSV incompetence of 43 patients were assessed using a color Doppler ultrasound protocol. RESULTS: Reentry variations were grouped into four types and subtypes. Percentage results were: Type A, perforating veins on the medial side = 25/60 cases (41.66%); subtypes: Cockett, Sherman, paratibial and vertex; Type B, lateral malleolus and perforating veins on the lateral side (fibular 17-26 cm) = 15/60 cases (25%); subtypes: fibular and malleolus; Type C, two branches = 19/60 cases (31.66%); subtypes: gastrocnemius and Cockett, gastrocnemius and malleolus, and/or fibular, Cockett and malleolus, Cockett-vertex and fibular; Type D, reflux in the superficial system = 1/60 cases (1.66%). CONCLUSION: On most of the lower limbs assessed, reflux did not follow the classical anatomic course. Our findings demonstrated a high degree of variation in reflux/reentry, but no SSV anatomical variations. Reflux seems to, either look for the most accessible anatomical connection for reentry or be originated in the distal area and then reach the SSV.

Guillermo Gustavo, Rossi; Cleusa Ema Quilici, Belczak; Carolina, Rossi.

2013-06-01

303

O papel dos exames de imagem no diagnóstico de trombose das veias esplâncnicas: relato de dois casos = The role of imaging exams in the diagnosis of thrombosis of the splanchnic veins: report of two cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

CONCLUSÕES: considerando as manifestações clínicas vagas da trombose de veias esplâncnicas, os exames de imagem, em especial a tomografia computadorizada, apresentam papel fundamental no seu diagnóstico.

Gonçalves, Caren Meneghetti et al.

2010-01-01

304

Osteotomo nasal con guía interna / Osteotome with internal nasal guide  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Diseñamos un osteotomo al que se adapta una guía interna para tratar el dorso nasal (resección de la giba ósea) con exactitud. Este instrumento aporta precisión en la osteotomía de tal forma que permite resecar solo la cantidad exacta de hueso que precise el paciente. [...] Abstract in english An internal guide has been added to the osteotome in order to achieve a precise reduction of the nasal dorsum (resection of the nasal hump). It makes the osteotomy so precise that only the exact amount of bone that the patient needs is resected. [...

A., Castro-Sierra; V., Piña-Martínez.

2014-06-01

305

Radiographic imaging of otitis media and interna in pigs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Middle and inner ear infections have been reported as a clinical entity in swine, other animal species and humans. In pigs, the anatomical-pathological and microbiological findings have been described. In this report, we describe radiographic findings in affected pigs. A total of 25 pigs with a head tilt and circling, as clinical signs of otitis media and interna, were examined. The majority were weaner-pigs with dyspnea or rhinitis. In radiographs, there was an increased opacity of the bulla tympanica, often accompanied by marginal destruction or thickening of the bulla wall. The radiographic findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis in each affected pig, but there were 5 false positive interpretations

306

La fiabilidad en motores de combustión interna diesel estacionarios  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se abordó el análisis de la fiabilidad de 8 motores de combustión interna diesel estacionarios destinados a la generación de electricidad. Su objetivo fundamental es conocer los fallos más característicos, la probabilidad de trabajo sin fallo y la vida útil de los equipos bajo las condiciones de explotación de Cuba, y, así poder conocer si el tiempo entre servicios recomendado por el fabricante es preciso modificar para una mejor utilización de estos equipos tan importantes para la vida social y económica del país.

Elio Rafael Hidalgo Batista

2011-01-01

307

Uso de biogás em motores de combustão interna  

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O biogás proveniente da digestão anaeróbia de resíduos sólidos ou líquidos constitui uma fonte de energia alternativa. Sua composição é uma mistura de gases onde o metano e o dióxido de carbono estão em maiores proporções. Os motores de combustão interna são muito utilizados por poderem operar com...

Ana Beatryz Prenzier Suzuki; Dangela Maria Fernandes; Rui Alexandre Pereira Faria; Thais Cristina Morais Vidal

2011-01-01

308

Endovascular Treatment of an Iatrogenic Right Internal Jugular Vein- Right Subclavian Artery Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm During the Attempt of a Hemodialysis Catheter Insertion: A Case Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Complications during the placement of a central venous catheter, via the right internal jugular vein puncture include local hematoma, hemothorax, pneumothorax, central vein thrombosis, and hemopericardium. Iatrogenic right internal jugular vein-right subclavian artery fistula with the formation of right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms is an extremely rare complication in patients undergoing a central vein puncture. We report the case of a patient who developed a local hematoma at the vein puncture site and dyspnea due to a right internal jugular vein-subclavian artery fistula and a right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm at the mediastinum after puncture of right internal jugular vein. The patient was successfully treated by embolization using microcoils.

Cho, Eui Min; Kim, Hyun Lee; Kim, Dong Hyun [Chosun University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2009-02-15

309

Trombose da veia de Galeno: relato de caso / Galen vein thrombosis: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC) é doença vascular com diferentes manifestações clínicas e várias causas possíveis (locais, sistêmicas ou idiopáticas). A trombose da veia de Galeno (TVG) é causa rara de TVC e geralmente está associada a alguma malformação vascular. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente d [...] e 16 anos que apresentou TVG sem malformação vascular, porém associada a trombose de seio reto e infarto venoso talâmico. Discutem-se também aspectos importantes do diagnóstico clínico, radiológico e laboratorial da TVC. Abstract in english Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a vascular disease with many clinical manifestations and possible etiologies (local, systemic or idiopathic). Galen vein thrombosis (GVT) is a rare cause of CVT and usually it is associated with some vascular malformation. We report a case of a 16 years old female [...] patient with GVT without vascular malformation, but associated with straight sinus thrombosis and venous thalamic infarct. Relevant aspects of the clinical, radiological and laboratory diagnosis of CVT are also discussed.

Marcio Chaves Pedro, Marques; Leopoldo Antônio, Pires; Carlos Augusto, Damasceno; André Carvalho, Felício; Ângelo, Atala; Gláucio M., Franco.

2003-06-01

310

Non-cuffed dual lumen catheters in the external jugular veins versus other central veins for hemodialysis patients  

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Full Text Available To compare prospective between insertion of non-cuffed dual lumen catheter in the external jugular vein and other central veins for hemodialysis (HD, we studied 68 chronic dialysis patients randomly allocated into two groups: one with external jugular vein catheterization as access for HD and another with other central venous catheterization, internal jugular or subclavian vein. Our results showed there were no significant differences regarding successful cannulation, com-plications, total numbers of dialysis, development of pain and infection at the site of cannulation, patency rate of the catheters, and efficacy of hemodialysis between both groups. In addition, the patency of the catheter in the external jugular vein was not affected by previous cannulation of other central veins. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between numbers of attempts for cannulation in both groups and development of hematoma and infection, (p< 0.05. In conclusion, our results showed that the external jugular vein may be an alternative for other central veins for insertion of temporary non-cuffed hemodialysis catheter.

Moini Majid

2009-01-01

311

Comparison of subcutaneous central venous port via jugular and subclavian access in 347 patients at a single center  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine whether patency times, including complications of subcutaneous venous chest port insertion using ultrasonography (US) guidance, differ between jugular and subclavian venous access. Between December 2008 and July 2010, subcutaneous venous chest ports were placed in 347 patients by an experienced team. All single-lumen port catheters were placed into jugular and subclavian veins under US and fluoroscopy guidance. Patency times and complication rates of ports via these routes were compared and the variables were age, gender, access, site of malignancy and coagulation parameters. The success of the jugular and subclavian groups was compared by univariate Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the multivariable Cox regression test. A total of 15 patients underwent port removal due to complications. As a rate per 100 catheter days, ports were explanted in 7 (0.0092) due to thrombosis, 4 (0.0053) for catheter malposition, one each (0.0013) of port reservoir flip-over, bleeding, port pocket infection, skin necrosis and incision dehiscence, for a total of 15 patients (0.0197). Patency times were not different in the jugular and subclavian veins. Factors were not significant, with the exception of platelet count. There was no significant difference in patency times, including complications, between jugular vein access and subclavian vein access using US. This should be considered when selecting the access method. PMID:23170125

ARIBAS, BILGIN KADRI; ARDA, KEMAL; ARIBAS, OZGE; CILEDAG, NAZAN; YOLOGLU, ZEYNEL; AKTAS, ELIF; SEBER, TURGUT; KAVAK, SEYHMUS; COSAR, YUSUF; KAYGUSUZ, HIDIR; TEKIN, EKREM

2012-01-01

312

The safety and efficacy of gamma knife surgery in management of glomus jugulare tumor  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Glomus jugulare is a slowly growing, locally destructive tumor located in the skull base with difficult surgical access. The operative approach is, complicated by the fact that lesions may be both intra and extradural with engulfment of critical neurovascular structures. The tumor is frequently highly vascular, thus tumor resection entails a great deal of morbidity and not infrequent mortality. At timeslarge residual tumors are left behind. To decrease the morbidity associated with surgical resection of glomus jugulare, gamma knife surgery (GKS was performed as an alternative in 13 patients to evaluate its safety and efficacy. Methods A retrospective review of 13 residual or unresectable glomus jagulare treated with GKS between 2004 and 2008.. Of these, 11 patients underwent GKS as the primary management and one case each was treated for postoperative residual disease and postembolization. The radiosurgical dose to the tumor margin ranged between 12-15 Gy. Results Post- gamma knife surgery and during the follow-up period twelve patients demonstrated neurological stability while clinical improvement was achieved in 5 patients. One case developed transient partial 7th nerve palsy that responded to medical treatment. In all patients radiographic MRI follow-up was obtained, the tumor size decreased in two cases and remained stable (local tumor control in eleven patients. Conclusions Gamma knife surgery provids tumor control with a lowering of risk of developing a new cranial nerve injury in early follow-up period. This procedure can be safely used as a primary management tool in patients with glomus jugulare tumors, or in patients with recurrent tumors in this location. If long-term results with GKS are equally effective it will emerge as a good alternative to surgical resection.

Hafez Raef FA

2010-09-01

313

Vagoglossopharyngeal-Associated Syncope Due to a Retained Bullet in the Jugular Foramen  

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Gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head are frequently fatal. Rarely, the bullet may lodge in the skull base and not cause significant brain injury. Typically, the bullet fragments are felt to be inert and do not require operative extirpation if they are within the bony confines of the skull base. We report the case of a bullet in the jugular foramen causing recurrent syncope that resolved after surgical removal of the bullet. The medical records from a patient who suffered a GSW to the head were r...

Link, Michael J.; Driscoll, Colin L. W.; Esquenazi, Yoshua

2010-01-01

314

Successful Endovascular Therapy of a Penetrating Zone III Jugular Bulb Injury: A Case Report  

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Penetrating venous injuries via Zone III of the neck extended over jugular bulb are rare. The optimal strategies for these venous injuries are currently unknown because many of the vital structures in this region are poorly accessible to the surgeon and therefore it is difficult to control bleeding. A 76-year-old man got drunk and fell down onto a paper door. The wooden framework of the paper door was broken and got stuck deep in the right side of his neck. Enhanced computed tomography showed...

Yamanaka, K.; Yamamoto, A.; Ishida, K.; Matsuzaki, J.; Ozaki, T.; Ishihara, M.; Shimahara, Y.; Nakajima, S.; Sadamitsu, D.; Yamasaki, M

2012-01-01

315

A rare case of internal jugular vein aneurysm with massive hemorrhage in neurofibromatosis type 1.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a relatively common autosomal dominant disorder. Vascular involvement is a well-recognized manifestation of NF1, but venous aneurysm associated with NF1 is extremely rare. We present a case of an NF1 patient with a left internal jugular vein aneurysm with massive hemorrhage occurring during surgery. Due to the extreme fragility of both the aneurismal wall and the surrounding tissue, the patient developed severe intraoperative bleeding. Pathological examination confirmed aneurismal wall infiltration of the neurofibromatosis. Physicians should be aware that hemorrhagic complication in NF1 can occur and be fatal. PMID:24630569

Hiraki, Tsubasa; Higashi, Michiyo; Goto, Yuko; Kitazono, Ikumi; Yokoyama, Seiya; Iuchi, Hiroyuki; Nagano, Hiromi; Tanimoto, Akihide; Yonezawa, Suguru

2014-01-01

316

Multiple metastatic infections in a hemodialysis patient with untunneled internal jugular catheter.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present an end-stage renal disease patient on dialysis with fever. The primary source was right internal jugular vein catheter which had metastatic infections in the body probably via an arteriovenous communication in a cavity in left lung. Patient had right psoas muscle abscess and a left kidney abscess. An (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission spectroscopy scan was done to find out left kidney abscess. A search of literature did not reveal many patients of psoas abscess secondary to infection of hemodialysis access. PMID:23782799

Peddi, Sandeep; Ram, Rapur; Boreddy, Varalakshmi Devi; Avssn, Sridhar; Chennu, Krishna Kishore; Vishnubotla, Siva Kumar

2014-01-01

317

Internal jugular vein thrombosis complicating disseminated tuberculosis in a 2-year-old child.  

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Internal jugular vein (IJV) thrombosis is a serious and potentially life-threatening occurrence in children, and is usually associated with malignancies, prolonged central venous catheterisation or deep seated head and neck infections or trauma. It has not been described in association with tuberculosis in children. The authors describe a 2-year-old child who presented with IJV thrombosis in association with clinical signs and symptoms of disseminated tuberculosis. There was complete resolution of symptoms after starting antitubercular drugs and warfarin. The authors emphasise that an active search for tuberculosis should be made routinely in patients with IJV thrombosis with an underlying mediastinal mass and/or generalised lymphadenopathy. PMID:25234072

Das, Sarthak; Srinivasaraghavan, Rangan; Krishnamurthy, Sriram; Mahadevan, Subramanian

2014-01-01

318

Follicular thyroid carcinoma metastasis to the internal jugular vein demonstrated by 131I SPECT/CT.  

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Cervical uptake detected by 131I whole body scintigraphy (131I-WBS) may be due to thyroid remnants or loco-regional metastases. We describe a patient with follicular carcinoma submitted to total thyroidectomy. 131I-WBS showed left cervical linear uptake and focal areas of uptake in the abdomen and pelvis. SPECT/CT images demonstrated a potential thrombus in the left jugular vein (confirmed by doppler neck ultrasound and MRI) as well as bone metastases. The patient was submitted to thrombectomy and histopathology confirmed metastasis of follicular carcinoma. PMID:24566419

do Nascimento, Beatriz Birelli; de Sá Camargo Etchebehere, Elba Cristina; Montalli Assumpção, Lígia Vera; Tincani, Alfio José; de Oliveira Santos, Allan; Baracat, Jamal; Engelbrecht Zantut-Wittmann, Denise; Dario Ramos, Celso

2014-04-01

319

Internal jugular vein thrombosis as paraneoplastic syndrome of primary ovarian non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.  

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Primary malignant lymphoma involving the ovaries is extremely rare. We present a unique case of a primary Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of both ovaries, preceded by an internal jugular vein trombosis (IJVT) as paraneoplastic syndrome. Currently, 36 months after surgical treatment of this FIGO Stage Ib, Ann Arbor Stage 2E NHL, the patient is clinically free of disease. Based on this case and a review of the literature it is concluded that paraneoplastic syndromes like spontaneous IJVT should prompt the clinician to make a thorough diagnostic work-up in search of an underlying malignancy, including the female genital tract. PMID:21319515

Snijders, M P; Morsink, M; van Spronsen, D J; de Kievit-van der Heijden, I M

2010-01-01

320

[Surgical approach of lateral temporal bone resection for treatment of head and neck cancer with invasion surrounding the jugular foramen].  

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We herein present a review of the surgical approach of lateral temporal bone resection (LTBR) in the treatment of 5 cases of head and neck cancers invading the jugular foramen between 2008 to 2013. The patients comprised 3 males and 2 females with ages ranging from 25 to 76 and observation times were between 13 and 22 months. In this study we reviewed the method of operation and treatment. Four patients are alive, but one patient died from the primary disease. Complications occurred including postoperative facial nerve palsy and hearing loss. Although the LTBR with jugular foramen approach can cause postoperative facial nerve palsy and hearing loss, this method would be recommended as a safe surgical procedure for its wide surgical field. We therefore propose that this LTBR technique is useful for patients with head and neck cancer extending to the jugular foramen. PMID:25158562

Maeda, Akiteru; Ueda, Yoshihisa; Ono, Takeharu; Shin, Buichiro; Chitose, Shun-ichi; Umeno, Hirohito; Nakashima, Tadashi

2014-07-01

 
 
 
 
321

Internal jugular vein thrombosis, Lemierre's syndrome; oropharyngeal infection with antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy--a case report.  

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The authors present a case of Lemierre's syndrome that is an uncommon septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. A 31-year-old man developed pharyngeal pain one month before hospital admission when he suffered from a severe headache and painful swelling of the left side of his neck. He was diagnosed with tonsillitis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the neck revealed the presence of an occlusive thrombosis of the left internal jugular vein and an inflamed mesopharynx. His symptoms and the jugular vein thrombus showed remarkable improvement after administration of antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy. No pulmonary embolism or other metastatic infection were observed. It was suggested that accurate diagnosis during early treatment is essential to obtain a successful prognosis for Lemierre's syndrome. PMID:10701727

Nakamura, S; Sadoshima, S; Doi, Y; Yoshioka, M; Yamashita, S; Gotoh, H; Onoyama, K

2000-02-01

322

Síndroma da veia cava superior como apresentação de neoplasia / Superior vena cava syndrome as tumour presentation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A síndroma da veia cava superior (SVCS) é causada por uma obstrução/compressão gradual e insidiosa da veia cava superior, caracterizando -se por fácies pletórica, edema e ingurgitamento vascular do pescoço e parte superior do tronco. É geralmente tradutora de neoplasia, sendo o cancro do pulmão a su [...] a causa mais comum. Objectivo: Estudo retrospectivo dos internamentos no Hospital de S. João entre Janeiro de 1995 e Dezembro de 2006 por SVCS de etiologia a esclarecer com a caracterização clínica dos doentes e a avaliação de factores de prognóstico. Material e métodos: Foram seleccionados 60 doentes que à data de admissão não tinham causa para SVCS. Foram avaliados, entre outros, idade, sexo, exposição e carga tabágica, etiologia do SVCS, tratamento e sobrevivência global. Resultados: Dos doentes estudados, 87% apresentavam cancro do pulmão, sendo o tipo histológico mais comum o carcinoma pulmonar de pequenas células (CPPC), com 41% dos casos. Em 10% dos doentes foi diagnosticado linfoma não Hodgkin. Em relação aos factores de prognóstico estudados, verificou-se que a ausência de metastização, o diagnóstico histológico de linfoma, o bom estado geral e a ausência de consumo tabágico se correlacionam positivamente de forma significativa com a sobrevivência. Contrariamente, o diagnóstico de CPPC apresentou igualmente de forma significativa uma menor sobrevivência. Conclusão: Nesta série de doentes com SVCS como apresentação da doença observou -se uma sobrevivência significativamente menor nos casos de CPPC, doentes fumadores (especialmente com ? 40 UMA), naqueles com mau estado geral, bem como nos que apresentavam uma maior progressão da doença, com presença de metastização. Abstract in english Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is characterised by gradual and insidious compression/obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC). Upper chest and neck ingurgitation, plethoric face and oedema are the common symptoms/signs. It generally means the presence of neoplasm, namely lung cancer. Aim: Ret [...] rospective analysis of the patients admitted to S. João Hospital, Porto, Portugal, January 1995-December 2006 with SVCS without previous diagnosis. Patients, tumour characteristics and prognostic factors were studied. Material and methods: Data was collected by consulting the clinical files of 60 SVCS patients without previous diagnosis. Data was gathered on the patients’ demographic characteristics (age, gender, smoking habits), performance status, histology, staging, treatment and overall survival. Results: Lung cancer was observed in 87% of the patients. Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) was the most frequent histological type; 41% of the patients. It is noticeable that 10% were diagnosed with non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In terms of prognostic factors analysed, the absence of metastasis, the lymphoma’s histological diagnosis, good performance status and non-smoker status were positively correlated with the survival rate. On the contrary SCLC was significantly correlated with a worse survival. Conclusions: In our analysis we concluded that SCLC, smokers and a poorer performance status as well as metastatic disease were unfavourable prognostic factors to SVCS as tumour presentation.

Nuno Filipe, Pires; António, Morais; Henrique, Queiroga.

323

Paraneoplastic internal jugular vein thrombosis leading to diagnosis of bilateral ovarian ependymoma.  

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Ovarian ependymomas are extremely rare tumors of the ovary. We present a case of a 67-year-old lady presented to us with swelling in the right side of neck for 2 months followed by pelvic pain, lower abdominal distention, and weight loss for 1 month. Her coagulation profile, blood chemistry, lipid profile, and tumor markers were within normal limits. Neck Doppler ultrasonography revealed thrombus in the right internal jugular vein and CT scan of the abdomen showed bilateral ovarian masses. Patient was subjected to debulking surgery for suspected ovarian cancer and microscopy revealed a highly cellular tumor composed of small cells with hyperchromatic, round-to-oval nuclei with scanty cytoplasm, and perivascular pseudorosettes. Diagnosis was confirmed by immunophenotype showing strong positivity to glial fibrillary acidic protein, estrogen receptors, and progesterone receptors. Patient was successfully managed with anticoagulants, adjuvant chemotherapy with BEP regimen, and letrozole. After ruling out other common conditions for thrombosis in this age group, this seems to be a paraneoplastic presentation of ovarian malignancy that preceded the diagnosis of ependymoma by 2 months. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case report in the world literature as "paraneoplastic internal jugular vein thrombosis leading to diagnosis of bilateral ovarian ependymoma." PMID:24963425

Madabhavi, Irappa; Patel, Apurva; Choudhary, Mukesh; Anand, Asha

2014-01-01

324

A Case Report of Right Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis with Acute Brucellosis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Brucellosis is a common zoonotic disease which has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications in humans. Brucellosis is an endemic disease in Iran, and vein thrombosis is a rare complication of acute brucellosis. Case Report: A 58-year old woman admitted to the infectious diseases ward in Farshchian hospital had fever and severe headache beginning 15 days before admission. Moreover, she complained from fatigue, malaise, anorexia, skin lesions around the nose and cervical lym-phadenopathy. Sonogarphy of cervical soft tissues of the patient showed right internal jugu-lar vein thrombosis and numerous cervical lymphadenopathy in the right posteriocervical tri-angle. Doppler sonography of the cervical vessels of the patient showed thrombosis of the middle right internal jugular vein. The blood culture isolates were small gram-negative aero-bic coccobacilli in two separate cultures. Serologic tests of Wright, 2ME and IgG ELISA were positive in the patient. The patient was treated with doxycycline, rifampin and warfarin, and she improved completely after a 5 month follow-up. Conclusion: We should consider brucellosis in the patients with rare manifestations of brucel-losis such as vascular thrombosis in endemic areas because early diagnosis and treatment of the patients can decrease its complications and mortality rate. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2014; 21 (2:161-166

F. Keramat

2014-07-01

325

Severe progressive sensorineural hearing loss improved after removal of large jugular foramen schwannoma.  

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We report a very rare case of hearing improvement after removal of the intracranial part of a jugular foramen schwannoma (JFS) presenting with chronic and severe progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The patient presented with progressive hearing impairment in his right ear, lasting 2 years. The patient's pure tone audiogram revealed severe SNHL. His speech discrimination score (SDS) was 0%. Auditory-evoked brain responses (ABRs) comprised only I waves following 30-100dB stimulation, although distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) had good responses. These test results indicated that his hearing impairment was retrocochlear SNHL. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed within the right jugular foramen a large intracranial-extracranial tumor that compressed the brainstem. The intracranial part of the tumor was resected through retrosigmoidal craniotomy, and the tumor was pathologically diagnosed as a schwannoma. Several months after the operation, the patient's auditory thresholds improved to a level consistent with mild SNHL, ABR V waves emerged following 60-90dB stimulation, and SDS improved significantly to 95%. This case demonstrates that hearing improvement can be achieved after surgery for JFS presenting with severe and chronic progressive SNHL, and that good DPOAE responses and the presence of ABR I waves may be predictors of postoperative hearing recovery in JFS. PMID:20971588

Oishi, Naoki; Kohno, Naoyuki; Shiokawa, Yoshiaki

2011-06-01

326

Vertebral artery thrombosis and subsequent stroke following attempted internal jugular central venous catheterization.  

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Complications arising from internal jugular venous catheterization are uncommon. Injury to the carotid artery is reported as one of the more common injuries. Vertebral artery injuries are rare and include pseudoaneurysm formation, arteriovenous fistulas, lacerations, and dissection with thrombus formation. Occasionally, such injuries initially go unnoticed and have the potential to cause catastrophic outcomes, leaving clinicians and families wondering what transpired. A thorough autopsy can not only help discern the cause of death, but also help to bring closure to the family. Here we present a case of an unexpected death 3 days following surgery for idiopathic scoliosis in a 17-year-old male. During the surgical procedure, a right internal jugular venous catheterization was attempted but aborted after several failed tries. Twenty-four hours after the procedure, the patient became obtunded and progressed to brain death. At autopsy, he was found to have a right transmural vertebral artery puncture wound with thrombosis leading to a massive posterior circulatory stroke. PMID:22754124

Van Vrancken, Michael J; Guileyardo, Joseph

2012-07-01

327

Impact of middle and lower jugular neck dissection on supraclavicular lymph node metastasis from endometrial carcinoma  

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Full Text Available Abstract Supraclavicular lymph node metastasis from endometrial carcinoma is considerably rarer than metastasis from uterine cervical cancer. To date, there have been no reported cases regarding systematic neck dissection as a salvage treatment. In this report, we describe the neck dissection procedure carried out on a 74-year-old woman with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis. Our objective was to histologically determine the origin of the metastasis while simultaneously providing appropriate treatment. The patient’s past medical history included two prior cases of cancer: rectal cancer 7?years earlier and endometrial adenocarcinoma 4?years earlier. We determined that middle and lower jugular neck dissection was appropriate in treating this case based on the results of our preoperative FDG-PET and tumor markers. This surgery provided histological evidence that metastasis occurred from endometrial carcinoma. Middle and lower jugular neck dissection was expected to improve the patient’s prognosis without impacting the patient’s active daily life. We have continued to monitor the patient closely over an extended period.

Kojima Masataka

2012-07-01

328

Uso de biogás em motores de combustão interna  

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Full Text Available

O biogás proveniente da digestão anaeróbia de resíduos sólidos ou líquidos constitui uma fonte de energia alternativa. Sua composição é uma mistura de gases onde o metano e o dióxido de carbono estão em maiores proporções. Os motores de combustão interna são muito utilizados por poderem operar com diferentes tipos de combustíveis tanto líquidos como gasosos. Para que o biogás possa ser utilizado como combustível, seja em motores, turbinas a gás ou microturbinas, é necessário identificar sua vazão, composição química e poder calorífico, parâmetros que determinam o real potencial de geração de energia elétrica.

Ana Beatryz Prenzier Suzuki

2011-04-01

329

Dissecção minimamente invasiva da veia safena para obtenção de enxerto venoso na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese São apresentados os resultados iniciais de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (RM), nos quais os enxertos venosos foram obtidos através de técnica minimamente invasiva. A técnica consiste na dissecção da veia safena através de incisões de 3 a 4 cm, repetidas a intervalo [...] s variáveis (de 8 a 14 cm) sobre o trajeto da veia cuja liberação é feita com auxílio de afastadores apropriados, ótica de iluminação e instrumental específico. A técnica permitiu a obtenção de segmentos de veia de 30 a 65 cm (média de 51,6 cm) através de 2 a 4 incisões na pele. O método foi usado com sucesso em 8 pacientes que receberam 25 enxertos venosos, além de enxertos arteriais. A evolução do membro inferior foi bastante em todos os pacientes, possibilitando deambulação precoce, redução da dor, edemas, hematomas e excelente efeito cosmético. Abstract in english We present here the initial results of patients submitted to myocardial revascularization with the employment of minimally invasive technique of saphenous vein graft dissection. We utilized small incisions (3 to 4 cm) over the skin of the inferior limb, repeated at intervals of 8 to 14 cm to obtain [...] the vein graft, with the aid of an adequate ilumination and special retractors. This method provided veins of 30 to 65 cm of length, through 2 to 4 small skin incisions. We operated on 8 patients who received 25 saphenous vein grafts plus the arterial ones. All patients improved well, without complications of the inferior limb and with a very good stetic effect.

Ricardo Ribeiro, DIAS; Fabio B., JATENE; Adib D., JATENE.

330

Lesiones esplénicas en medicina interna / Splenic disorders in internal medicines  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El bazo representa el mayor órgano linfopoyético, contiene el 25% de la masa linfoide total. Participa en la inmunidad celular y humoral e interviene en la renovación de los glóbulos rojos y en la eliminación de las bacterias. Las funciones esplénicas están reducidas cuando el bazo está ausente, lo [...] que implica entre otras complicaciones, una mayor susceptibilidad para padecer una sepsis por organismos encapsulados. Se presentan 6 casos clínicos ingresados en el servicio de Medicina Interna con patología esplénica y se hace una revisión del abordaje a realizar. El espectro de lesiones esplénicas en medicina interna es muy amplio. En ocasiones se puede sospechar patología esplénica por la historia clínica, la exploración física o por citopenias en los análisis. Disponemos de diversas pruebas complementarias para completar el estudio de dichas lesiones. En caso de duda diagnóstica se puede realizar esplenectomía siendo los diagnósticos más frecuentes la cirrosis hepática y el linfoma/leucemia. Abstract in english The spleen is the largest lymphopoietic organ, containing 25% of total lymphoid mass. It participates in cellular and humoral immunity and intervenes in the renovation of red cells and the elimination of bacteria. Splenic functions are reduced when the spleen is absent, which entails, amongst other [...] complications, greater susceptibility to suffering from sepsis due to encapsulated organisms. We present 6 clinical cases admitted to the Internal Medicine serve with splenic pathology and we make a review of the approach to be used. The spectrum of splenic lesions in internal medicine is very wide. On occasions, a splenic pathology can be suspected due to clinical history, physical exploration or because of cytopenias in the analyses. Different complementary tests are available for completing study of these lesions. A splenectomy can be carried out in case of diagnostic doubt, with the most frequent diagnoses being hepatic cirrhosis and lymphoma/leukaemia.

J., Rojo Álvaro; F.J., Anniccherico Sánchez; J.L., Alonso Martínez; S., Pérez Ricarte; J., Oteiza Olaso; J.M., Casas Fernández de Tejerina.

2014-04-01

331

Lesiones esplénicas en medicina interna / Splenic disorders in internal medicines  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El bazo representa el mayor órgano linfopoyético, contiene el 25% de la masa linfoide total. Participa en la inmunidad celular y humoral e interviene en la renovación de los glóbulos rojos y en la eliminación de las bacterias. Las funciones esplénicas están reducidas cuando el bazo está ausente, lo [...] que implica entre otras complicaciones, una mayor susceptibilidad para padecer una sepsis por organismos encapsulados. Se presentan 6 casos clínicos ingresados en el servicio de Medicina Interna con patología esplénica y se hace una revisión del abordaje a realizar. El espectro de lesiones esplénicas en medicina interna es muy amplio. En ocasiones se puede sospechar patología esplénica por la historia clínica, la exploración física o por citopenias en los análisis. Disponemos de diversas pruebas complementarias para completar el estudio de dichas lesiones. En caso de duda diagnóstica se puede realizar esplenectomía siendo los diagnósticos más frecuentes la cirrosis hepática y el linfoma/leucemia. Abstract in english The spleen is the largest lymphopoietic organ, containing 25% of total lymphoid mass. It participates in cellular and humoral immunity and intervenes in the renovation of red cells and the elimination of bacteria. Splenic functions are reduced when the spleen is absent, which entails, amongst other [...] complications, greater susceptibility to suffering from sepsis due to encapsulated organisms. We present 6 clinical cases admitted to the Internal Medicine serve with splenic pathology and we make a review of the approach to be used. The spectrum of splenic lesions in internal medicine is very wide. On occasions, a splenic pathology can be suspected due to clinical history, physical exploration or because of cytopenias in the analyses. Different complementary tests are available for completing study of these lesions. A splenectomy can be carried out in case of diagnostic doubt, with the most frequent diagnoses being hepatic cirrhosis and lymphoma/leukaemia.

J., Rojo Álvaro; F.J., Anniccherico Sánchez; J.L., Alonso Martínez; S., Pérez Ricarte; J., Oteiza Olaso; J.M., Casas Fernández de Tejerina.

332

Distribuição comparativa dos glicosaminoglicanos em artérias e veias de diferentes mamíferos / Comparative distribution of glycosaminoglycans in arteries and veins of different mammals  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foi realizada análise comparativa sobre a distribuição dos glicosaminoglicanos de artérias e veias em ratos, cachorros e humanos. Os nossos resultados demonstraram que dermatam sulfato foi o principal glicosaminoglicano encontrado tanto para as artérias quanto para as veias estudadas. Entretanto, a [...] proporção de dermatam sulfato foi maior nas veias do que nas artérias nas três espécies analisadas. Este aumento pode estar associado às diferenças estruturais e funcionais encontradas na parede destes dois tipos de vasos sangüíneos (nas veias a pressão sangüínea é significativamente mais baixa). Além disso, a quantidade total dos glicosaminoglicanos foi maior nas artérias do que nas veias, sendo as maiores concentrações encontradas nas aortas independentemente da espécie animal estudada. Estes achados abrem perspectiva para o melhor conhecimento das alterações das macromoléculas que possam estar relacionadas ao processo degenerativo vascular, especialmente nas transformações estruturais que as veias safenas sofrem, quando empregadas como enxertos na revascularização do miocárdio. Abstract in english A comparative analysis of the glycosaminoglycan distribution in arteries and veins of humans, rats and dogs was realized. The results showed that the glycosaminoglycan distribution of the arteries was similar to that of venous tissues, where dermatan sulfate was the main glycosaminoglycan found. How [...] ever, the proportion of dermatan sulfate is significantly greater in venous than in arterial tissues, in the three species. The total amount of the glycosaminoglycans was significantly higher in arteries than in veins, and the highest contents were found in the aortas. These increases may be associated with structural differences of the wall of these two types of blood vessels walls. The blood pressure is significantly lower in venous tissues and veins may exhibit less compressibility than arterial. These findings open perspectives for a better understanding of biochemical changes that could be related to the progressive degenerative vascular process, especially in the structural changes that saphenous veins undergo, when used as grafts in myocardial revascularization.

Mônica V., MARQUEZINI; Luís Alberto O., DALLAN; Olga M. S., TOLEDO.

1999-10-01

333

Comparação entre os efeitos da mistura gelatina-resorcina-formaldeído e do N-butil-cianoacrilato em angiorrafias de veia jugular externa de coelhos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) / Comparison between the effects of the compound gelatin-resorsin-formaldeide and the N-butil-2-cianoacrilate in the suture of the external jugular veins in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente os efeitos de dois adesivos cirúrgicos adjutórios à técnica clássica de venorrafia, Colagel® e Histoacryl® no reforço da linha de sutura. MÉTODOS: Os procedimentos, conduzidos em 18 leporinos da raça Nova Zelândia, buscaram investigar a cicatrização de venorrafias [...] pela evolução clínica dos animais, bem como a evolução da cicatrização das feridas cirúrgicas, macroscópica e microscopicamente. RESULTADOS: Os resultados obtidos mostraram, clínica e macroscopicamente, alterações de maior significado e, microscopicamente, predomínio de maior reação inflamatória nas suturas recobertas pelo Colagel®, comparativamente às mantidas como controle e às "protegidas'' pelo Histoacryl®. CONCLUSÕES: Houve retardo na cicatrização das feridas que receberam o Colagel® e similitude de resultados entre o grupo controle e as suturas recobertas pelo Histoacryl®. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two surgical adhesives, Colagel® and Histoacryl®, coadjutors to the classical vein suture technique, in the reinforcement of the suture line. METHODS: The procedures, conducted in 18 rabbits of the New Zealand breed, seeked to investigate the clinical evolution of [...] the animals, as well as the evolution of healing of surgical wounds, macroscopically and microscopically. RESULTS: The results obtained showed, clinical and macroscopically, prevalence of higher inflammatory reaction in the sutures covered by Colagel® compared to the ones maintained as control and protected by Histoacryl®. CONCLUSION: There was healing delay in the surgical wounds that received Colagel® and similar results between the control group and the sutures covered by Histoacryl®.

Cassio Ricardo Auada, Ferrigno; Ângelo João, Stopiglia; Gervásio Henrique, Bechara; Fabio, Futema.

2003-06-01

334

Comparação entre os efeitos da mistura gelatina-resorcina-formaldeído e do N-butil-cianoacrilato em angiorrafias de veia jugular externa de coelhos (Oryctolagus cuniculus Comparison between the effects of the compound gelatin-resorsin-formaldeide and the N-butil-2-cianoacrilate in the suture of the external jugular veins in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente os efeitos de dois adesivos cirúrgicos adjutórios à técnica clássica de venorrafia, Colagel® e Histoacryl® no reforço da linha de sutura. MÉTODOS: Os procedimentos, conduzidos em 18 leporinos da raça Nova Zelândia, buscaram investigar a cicatrização de venorrafias pela evolução clínica dos animais, bem como a evolução da cicatrização das feridas cirúrgicas, macroscópica e microscopicamente. RESULTADOS: Os resultados obtidos mostraram, clínica e macroscopicamente, alterações de maior significado e, microscopicamente, predomínio de maior reação inflamatória nas suturas recobertas pelo Colagel®, comparativamente às mantidas como controle e às "protegidas'' pelo Histoacryl®. CONCLUSÕES: Houve retardo na cicatrização das feridas que receberam o Colagel® e similitude de resultados entre o grupo controle e as suturas recobertas pelo Histoacryl®.PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two surgical adhesives, Colagel® and Histoacryl®, coadjutors to the classical vein suture technique, in the reinforcement of the suture line. METHODS: The procedures, conducted in 18 rabbits of the New Zealand breed, seeked to investigate the clinical evolution of the animals, as well as the evolution of healing of surgical wounds, macroscopically and microscopically. RESULTS: The results obtained showed, clinical and macroscopically, prevalence of higher inflammatory reaction in the sutures covered by Colagel® compared to the ones maintained as control and protected by Histoacryl®. CONCLUSION: There was healing delay in the surgical wounds that received Colagel® and similar results between the control group and the sutures covered by Histoacryl®.

Cassio Ricardo Auada Ferrigno

2003-06-01

335

Comparação entre os efeitos da mistura gelatina-resorcina-formaldeído e do N-butil-cianoacrilato em angiorrafias de veia jugular externa de coelhos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) / Comparison between the effects of the compound gelatin-resorsin-formaldeide and the N-butil-2-cianoacrilate in the suture of the external jugular veins in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Estudar comparativamente os efeitos de dois adesivos cirúrgicos adjutórios à técnica clássica de venorrafia, Colagel® e Histoacryl® no reforço da linha de sutura. MÉTODOS: Os procedimentos, conduzidos em 18 leporinos da raça Nova Zelândia, buscaram investigar a cicatrização de venorrafias [...] pela evolução clínica dos animais, bem como a evolução da cicatrização das feridas cirúrgicas, macroscópica e microscopicamente. RESULTADOS: Os resultados obtidos mostraram, clínica e macroscopicamente, alterações de maior significado e, microscopicamente, predomínio de maior reação inflamatória nas suturas recobertas pelo Colagel®, comparativamente às mantidas como controle e às "protegidas'' pelo Histoacryl®. CONCLUSÕES: Houve retardo na cicatrização das feridas que receberam o Colagel® e similitude de resultados entre o grupo controle e as suturas recobertas pelo Histoacryl®. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two surgical adhesives, Colagel® and Histoacryl®, coadjutors to the classical vein suture technique, in the reinforcement of the suture line. METHODS: The procedures, conducted in 18 rabbits of the New Zealand breed, seeked to investigate the clinical evolution of [...] the animals, as well as the evolution of healing of surgical wounds, macroscopically and microscopically. RESULTS: The results obtained showed, clinical and macroscopically, prevalence of higher inflammatory reaction in the sutures covered by Colagel® compared to the ones maintained as control and protected by Histoacryl®. CONCLUSION: There was healing delay in the surgical wounds that received Colagel® and similar results between the control group and the sutures covered by Histoacryl®.

Cassio Ricardo Auada, Ferrigno; Ângelo João, Stopiglia; Gervásio Henrique, Bechara; Fabio, Futema.

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Vein of Galen aneurysm in an adult: case report / Aneurisma da veia de Galeno em adulto: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Aneurisma da veia de Galeno é patologia rara, representando menos de 1% das malformações vasculares intracranianas. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 65 anos que teve episódio de crise convulsiva tônico-clônica generalizada. Exames de imagem evidenciaram grande processo expansivo calcificado na reg [...] ião pineal, confirmando o diagnóstico de aneurisma trombosado de veia de Galeno. Devido à trombose espontânea da malformação, foi excluída a possibilidade de tratamento endovascular bem como microcirúrgico, mantendo-se o acompanhamento clínico. Abstract in english Vein of Galen aneurysm is a rare pathology, representing less than 1% of intracranial vascular malformations. We report on a 65 years-old man who experienced a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Brain imaging showed a large calcified expanding mass in the pineal region, confirming the diagnosis of a [...] vein of Galen aneurysm. Because of the spontaneous thrombosis of the malformation, there was no need for microsurgical or endovascular treatment and he is been regularly followed since that.

Robinson M., Marques; Carlos A.F., Lobão; Viviane S., Sassaki; Luiz R., Aguiar.

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Successful percutaneous transcatheter patent foramen ovale closure through the right internal jugular vein using a steerable catheter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains challenging when femoral venous approach is not available. We describe the successful closure of a PFO using the right internal jugular venous approach and a deflectable catheter delivery system in a patient with a PFO, recurrent stroke, and an inferior vena cava filter. PMID:23413211

Hascoet, Sebastien; Fraisse, Alain; Elbaz, Meyer

2013-10-01

338

Anti-jugular vein thrombotic effect of Morinda citrifolia L. [noni] in male SD rats  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE is a common and serious medical condition, which is estimably responsible for more than 300,000 hospital admissions annually in the USA. Pulmonary embolism (PE is a major complication of VTE, which contributes to 12% death of hospitalized patients. Heparin is the most common anti-coagulant, but severe allergic reactions, bleeding, and thrombocytopenia limit its use. Thus, seeking a botanical, nontoxic antithrombotic alternative is an interesting area. Morinda citrifolia L. [noni] is a medicinal plant used in folk remedies by Polynesians for over 2,000 years. It has been reported to have a broad range of therapeutic and preventive effects. The bioactivities of NJ have been continuously discovered with antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immune modifying activities. Our novel hypothesis is whether NJ has an anti-venous thrombotic effect in rodents. To examine our hypothesis, this study was designed to examine the anti-thrombotic effect of NJ on the jugular vein thrombosis model induced by ferric chloride in SD rats.Material and Methods: NJ and placebo used in this study were donated by Morinda Holding Inc. NJ was formulated with grape juice and blue berry juice. Placebo was prepared by using the same procedure of NJ preparation, but without NJ in it. Thirty-six male SD rats were divided into six groups. Anti-venous thrombotic activities of 5% NJ, 10% NJ, heparin, and 10% NJ plus heparin were examined and compared with the positive and blank controls. Thrombosis was induced by application of a filter paper soaked in 50% ferric chloride on the right jugular vein. AFunctional Foods in Health and Disease 2011; 9:297-3092-cm fragment of the occluded vein (thrombus was removed and weighed after 1-hour maturation. Blood samples were collected for platelet count, aPTT, and PT tests.Results: The weight of a 2-cm fragment of normal jugular vein was 9.9 ± 2.1 mg, while the weight of the occluded vein in positive controls was 30.7 ± 12 mg [p=0.001], 24.7 ± 6.5 mg in heparin [p=0.16], 25.5 ± 6.5 mg in 5% NJ [P=0.15], 20.0 ± 5 mg in 10% NJ [P=0.04], and 16.1 ± 5.0 mg in heparin plus 10% NJ [P=0.02], respectively. The activity of aPTT was significantly increased in heparin, 60.0 ± 10.0 sec [p=0.002] compared with 16.83 ± 4.9 sec in blank control. There was a significant increase in 5% NJ [34.24 ± 9.6 sec, p=0.01], a slight increase in 10% NJ [24.0 ± 5.4 sec, p=0.06]. The activity of PT was significantly increased in heparin group only [36.52 ± 3.0 sec vs 26.85 ± 0.4 sec in blank control, p=0.01. There was no significant change in NJ groups. Clearly, the reduced thrombus weight by heparin may be partially due to the activation of aPTT and PT. The slight inhibition of NJ on aPTT activity may explain the possible additive antithrombotic effect of NJ with heparin. The platelet count was slightly reduced to 775,700 in the heparin group compared with blank control, there was no changes observed in other groups.Conclusion: NJ has an anti-jugular vein thrombotic effect and a possible additive antithrombotic effect with heparin by activating aPTT without induction of thrombocytopenia. We wonder whether NJ has an anti-platelet function activity. The mechanisms for anti-venous thrombotic effects of NJ needs further study.

Mian-Ying Wang

2011-09-01

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External Carotid-Internal Jugular Fistula as a Late Complication After Carotid Endarterectomy: A Rare Case  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 66-year-old man presented with mild amnesia, progressive fatigue, ataxia, visual hallucinations, and debility. His past medical history included right-sided carotid endarterectomy performed elsewhere 6 years previously. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed left parieto-occipital arteriovenous malformation-like tortous vessels, venous congestion, and ischemic areas. Cerebral angiography showed right-sided compound external carotid artery-internal jugular vein (IJV) fistula, and distal occlusion of the right IJV. Transvenous embolization via contralateral IJV was performed, and the fistula, together with fistulous portion of the distal IJV, was sealed using coils. Two years later, patient is well with normal neurologic examination findings. The presence of an arteriovenous communication after vascular surgery is a serious complication with potential long-term effects and therefore should be diagnosed and treated as promptly as possible.

340

Thrombosis of the internal jugular vein resulting from migration of a sharp esophageal foreign body.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Internal jugular vein (IJV thrombosis is a rare, but potentially fatal condition. A 59-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital 3 weeks after ingesting a foreign body (FB. Twice endoscopic examinations at the referring hospital were negative. On arrival at our hospital, she was in pain, and the left side of her neck was swollen. A CT of the neck revealed the presence of a slender pointed radio-opaque FB in the left IJV together with a large thrombus containing a small central abscess. Surgical removal of the FB was performed together with ligation of the left IJV. The postoperative recovery was uneventful. Medical centers without proper diagnostic facilities should transfer such cases to better-equipped centers.

Yahya A. Al-Qahtani

2011-01-01

 
 
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