WorldWideScience
 
 
1

World-wide developments in motor vehicle inspection/maintenance (I/M) programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Motor vehicles contribute much to urban air pollution. As a result, most governments have enacted emission standards that significantly lower pollutant emission levels from new motor vehicles. For example, vehicles built in the United States emit 95 % fewer pollutants than uncontrolled vehicles when they are new. However, studies indicate that proper maintenance is needed to obtain the full benefit of vehicle emission controls. Furthermore, there is evidence that a significant percentage of the vehicle fleet is not properly maintained. This has led to the creation of motor vehicle Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) Programs. I/M programs inspect vehicles for indications that they are emitting excessive quantities of pollutants. Vehicles that fail the inspection must be repaired in order to comply with program requirements. The first I/M programs were implemented in the United States in the early 1970s. With substantial urging from the federal government, most of the U.S. states with severe air pollution problems have implemented I/M programs. Recently, with the passage of the U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, many states have been required to significantly upgrade the performance and coverage of their I/M programs. I/M programs also have been implemented in Europe and recently in Asia. This presentation reviews developments in I/M programs for light-duty gasoline powered vehicles. Developments in I/M programs for diesel powered vehicles are briefly described. (author)

Klausmeier, R. [Consulting Inc., Austin, TX (United States); Kishan, S. [Radian Corporation, Austin, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

2

The fuel cell mining vehicles development program: An update  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results obtained in research projects sponsored by a U.S-Canada consortium, which includes mining companies, equipment manufacturers, technology developers, national laboratories and U.S. and Canadian government regulatory agencies, are discussed. The objective of the projects carried out over the last four years, was to prove the concept of applying fuel cell technology to underground mining vehicles. Specifically, this paper provides an update and describes the results obtained in such areas as the operation of fuel cells in underground environments, risk issues associated with underground and surface operation of hydrogen-fuelled vehicles, hydrogen production and delivery systems, and the design and performance of a fuel cell-powered mine production locomotive, the first of its kind in the world. Work on the fuel cell loader, designing the power plant and power transmission systems, and the potential of fuel cells to simplify mining operations and improving the possibility of extracting lower grade ore are also discussed. 6 refs., 6 figs.

Betournay, M. C.; Desrivieres, G.; Laliberte, P.; Laflamme, M. [Natural Resources Canada, CANMET Mining and Mineral Sciences Laboratory, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Miller, A. R.; Barnes, D. L. [Vehicle Projects LLC (United States)

2003-10-01

3

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Heat engine/electric hybrid vehicles offer the potential of greatly reduced petroleum consumption, compared to conventional vehicles, without the disadvantages of limited performance and operating range associated with purely electric vehicles. This report documents a hybrid-vehicle design approach which is aimed at the development of the technology required to achieve this potential - in such a way that it is transferable to the auto industry in the near term. The development of this design approach constituted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid-Vehicle Program. The major tasks in this program were: (1) Mission Analysis and Performance Specification Studies; (2) Design Tradeoff Studies; and (3) Preliminary Design. Detailed reports covering each of these tasks are included as appendices to this report and issued under separate cover; a fourth task, Sensitivity Studies, is also included in the report on the Design Tradeoff Studies. Because of the detail with which these appendices cover methodology and both interim and final results, the body of this report was prepared as a brief executive summary of the program activities and results, with appropriate references to the detailed material in the appendices.

1980-10-01

4

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Under contract to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology, Minicars conducted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle (NTHV) Development Program. This program led to the preliminary design of a hybrid (electric and internal combustion engine powered) vehicle and fulfilled the objectives set by JPL. JPL requested that the report address certain specific topics. A brief summary of all Phase I activities is given initially; the hybrid vehicle preliminary design is described in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Table 2 of the Summary lists performance projections for the overall vehicle and some of its subsystems. Section 4.5 gives references to the more-detailed design information found in the Preliminary Design Data Package (Appendix C). Alternative hybrid-vehicle design options are discussed in Sections 3 through 6. A listing of the tradeoff study alternatives is included in Section 3. Computer simulations are discussed in Section 9. Section 8 describes the supporting economic analyses. Reliability and safety considerations are discussed specifically in Section 7 and are mentioned in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Section 10 lists conclusions and recommendations arrived at during the performance of Phase I. A complete bibliography follows the list of references.

1980-10-01

5

Shared vehicle programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Cooperative Auto Network (CAN) is a non profit cooperative designed to promote car sharing as an alternative to personally-owned vehicles. The program was launched in January 1997 in Vancouver. CAN now has 47 cars for use by members who occasionally need a car. Members who rely on alternatives to car ownership can book a car when they need it for certain occasions and then return it. CAN and TransLink will be launching the first Station Car Pilot Program in Canada. Station Car mobility systems are an extension of mass transit designed to link commuters who live in low density areas with high quality transit corridors. Station cars provide instant and convenient mobility similar to conventional vehicles, but is more convenient than owning a vehicle. While away from the station, the vehicles can be used for short trips such as commuting to and from the station, as a pool vehicle for meetings and errands, as well as weekend trips. The program is modelled after a similar program in the San Francisco Bay area, New Jersey, Atlanta, and France. The benefits of the program include reduced vehicle miles traveled (VMT), less urban congestion, reduced emissions and pollution, enhances the transit system, alleviates parking shortages, lowers overall cost of transportation, and it has the potential to reduce the need for more roads. 1 tab.

Axelsson, T. [Cooperative Auto Network, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Halex, K. [TransLink, Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

2002-07-01

6

Phase I of the Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The results of Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program are summarized. This phase of the program ws a study leading to the preliminary design of a 5-passenger hybrid vehicle utilizing two energy sources (electricity and gasoline/diesel fuel) to minimize petroleum usage on a fleet basis. This report presents the following: overall summary of the Phase I activity; summary of the individual tasks; summary of the hybrid vehicle design; summary of the alternative design options; summary of the computer simulations; summary of the economic analysis; summary of the maintenance and reliability considerations; summary of the design for crash safety; and bibliography.

1980-10-01

7

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program is to develop the enabling materials technology for the clean, high-efficiency diesel truck engines of the future. The development of cleaner, higher-efficiency diesel engines imposes greater mechanical, thermal, and tribological demands on materials of construction. Often the enabling technology for a new engine component is the material from which the part can be made. The Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program is a partnership between the Department of Energy (DOE), and the diesel engine companies in the United States, materials suppliers, national laboratories, and universities. A comprehensive research and development program has been developed to meet the enabling materials requirements for the diesel engines of the future. Advanced materials, including high-temperature metal alloys, intermetallics, cermets, ceramics, amorphous materials, metal- and ceramic-matrix composites, and coatings, are investigated for critical engine applications.

Diamond, S.; Johnson, D.R.

1999-04-26

8

Hybrid Vehicle Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes the activities on the Hybrid Vehicle Program. The program objectives and the vehicle specifications are reviewed. The Hybrid Vehicle has been designed so that maximum use can be made of existing production components with a minimum compromise to program goals. The program status as of the February 9-10 Hardware Test Review is presented, and discussions of the vehicle subsystem, the hybrid propulsion subsystem, the battery subsystem, and the test mule programs are included. Other program aspects included are quality assurance and support equipment. 16 references, 132 figures, 47 tables.

None

1984-06-01

9

NHTSA's Vehicle Compatibility Research Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is conducting a research program to investigate the crash compatibility of passenger cars, light trucks and vans (LTVs) in vehicle-to-vehicle collisions. NHTSA has conducted a series of eight full...

S. Summers A. Prasad W. T. Hollowell

2002-01-01

10

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program Brochure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy's Office of Transportation Technologies is initiating the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program to develop commercially viable medium- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles. These new vehicles will incorporate advanced alternative fuel vehicle technologies that were developed by DOE and others.

Elling, J.

2000-10-26

11

Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

Jack Mallinger

2004-08-27

12

Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kansas State University, with funding support from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the Department of Energy's Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Through participation is this program, Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric or hybrid vehicle technology. This participation will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four (4) electric cars during the first two years of this five year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort stationwagons.

1992-01-01

13

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices C and D. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The derivation of and actual preliminary design of the Near Term Hybrid Vehicle (NTHV) are presented. The NTHV uses a modified GM Citation body, a VW Rabbit turbocharged diesel engine, a 24KW compound dc electric motor, a modified GM automatic transmission, and an on-board computer for transmission control. The following NTHV information is presented: the results of the trade-off studies are summarized; the overall vehicle design; the selection of the design concept and the base vehicle (the Chevrolet Citation), the battery pack configuration, structural modifications, occupant protection, vehicle dynamics, and aerodynamics; the powertrain design, including the transmission, coupling devices, engine, motor, accessory drive, and powertrain integration; the motor controller; the battery type, duty cycle, charger, and thermal requirements; the control system (electronics); the identification of requirements, software algorithm requirements, processor selection and system design, sensor and actuator characteristics, displays, diagnostics, and other topics; environmental system including heating, air conditioning, and compressor drive; the specifications, weight breakdown, and energy consumption measures; advanced technology components, and the data sources and assumptions used. (LCL)

1980-01-01

14

Mack LNG vehicle development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of this project was to install a production-ready, state-of-the-art engine control system on the Mack E7G natural gas engine to improve efficiency and lower exhaust emissions. In addition, the power rating was increased from 300 brake horsepower (bhp) to 325 bhp. The emissions targets were oxides of nitrogen plus nonmethane hydrocarbons of less than 2.5 g/bhp-hr and particulate matter of less than 0.05 g/bhp-hr on 99% methane. Vehicle durability and field testing were also conducted. Further development of this engine should include efficiency improvements and oxides of nitrogen reductions.

Southwest Research Institute

2000-01-05

15

Neighborhood electric vehicle market test development project: Sacramento electric transportation consortium Ra 93-23 program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) niche is the object of this market and product test project. The project availed itself of a limited production three wheel, single passenger low performance NEV designed and produced in Denmark to determine the acceptability of the design for production and use in North America. This vehicle, as well as a prototype four wheel vehicle designed and constructed through this project, are entirely reinforced plastic chassis and body. Pacific Electric Vehicles was the primary participant in the Project. Included are the evaluation of drive system components, battery charging schemes, body and chassis and glazing material suitability. The project determined and/or verified many of the realities of motor vehicle development and usage in the U.S., which remain more restrictive than elsewhere. Statistical usage data, maintenance requirements, and user experiences are reported and analyzed.

Warf, W.R.

1997-02-01

16

Advanced natural gas vehicle development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This joint project with industry was designed to advance the technology of light-duty natural gas vehicles. It demonstrates through prototype design, that the vehicle offers the driving range, performance, safety, utility and affordability of comparable gasoline-powered vehicles while achieving ultra-low exhaust emissions. Development of the engine, the enabling technologies, the specialized subsystems, with particular attention to the underbody gas storage system, were described.

Wozniak, J. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD (United States). Applied Physics Lab.

1997-12-31

17

Development of flight simulation program for the HYFLEX vehicle and flight analysis; Gokuchoonsoku hiko jikken (FYFLEX) ki no hiko simulation program no kaihatsu to hiko kaiseki  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes a flight simulation program used to analyze the navigation, guidance and control system and for flight analysis of the HYFLEX (hypersonic flight experiment) vehicle launched in 1996. Using this program, the re-entry phase from separation via re-entry and flight to attack in a large angle can be simulated. The phase of deployment of parachute and landing in the water can be also simulated. In this study, the earth is treated as an ellipsoid of revolution, and the earth core local coordinate system and the airspeed coordinate system were newly defined to derive the equation of motion. The gravity model was changed from the inverse square field model to the gravity potential model. Thus, analysis precision was improved. To improve the calculation efficiency and precision, two state vectors were introduced. The flight simulation was conducted using the program developed on the basis of the given analysis procedure. The designed navigation, guidance and control system has been proved to satisfy the mission requirements through the results of flight analysis. More accurate data of the nominal impact point and dispersion of the impact point have been obtained. 15 refs., 61 figs., 16 tabs.

Suzuki, H. [National Aerospace Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan); Matsumoto, Y. [Mitsubishi Space Software Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1997-01-01

18

Electric vehicles: Likely consequences of US and other nations` programs and policies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report examines international electric vehicle development and commercialization programs. The study encompassed a review of current barriers to widespread electric vehicle implementation, field visits in seven nations and the United States to examine electric vehicle programs and policies, and analyses of electric vehicle effects on economics, energy, and the environment.

Chan, Kwai-Cheung

1994-12-30

19

Electric and hybrid vehicle program; Site Operator Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Activities during the second quarter included the second meeting of the Site Operators in Phoenix, AZ in late April. The meeting was held in conjunction with the Solar and Electric 500 Race activities. Delivery of vehicles ordered previously has begun, although two of the operators are experiencing some delays in receiving their vehicles. Public demonstration activities continue, with an apparent increasing level of awareness and interest being displayed by the public. Initial problems with the Site Operator Database have been corrected and revised copies of the program have been supplied to the Program participants. Operating and Maintenance data is being supplied and submitted to INEL on a monthly basis. Interest in the Site Operator Program is being reflected in requests for information from several organizations from across the country, representing a wide diversity of interests. These organizations have been referred to existing Site Operators with the explanation that the program will not be adding new participants, but that most of the existing organizations are willing to work with other groups. The exception to this was the addition of Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) to the program. PEPCO has been awarded a subcontract to operate and maintain the DOE owned G-Van and Escort located in Washington, DC. They will provide data on these vehicles, as well as a Solectria Force which PEPCO has purchased. The Task Force intends to be actively involved in the infrastructure development in a wide range of areas. These include, among others, personnel development, safety, charging, and servicing. Work continues in these areas. York Technical College (YORK) has completed the draft outline for the EV Technician course. This is being circulated to organizations around the country for comments. Kansas State University (KSU) is working with a private sector company to develop a energy dispensing meter for opportunity charging in public areas.

Warren, J.F.

1992-05-01

20

US DOE heavy vehicle alternative fuels program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Organization of the US Department of Energy`s (USDOE) Office of Heavy Vehicles Technologies and the program of activities pursued by the Office were reviewed. By way of background, it was recalled that the transportation sector of the US consumes approximately two-thirds of the nation`s oil demand of about 11 million barrels per day (MBPD) of which 9 million are imported. On-road vehicles contribute about 30 per cent of smog precursors, and 62 per cent of CO to air pollution in the US. Global market competition in the transportation sector constitutes a competitive threat to US industry. The Heavy Vehicles Program estimates that the US will turn the corner in the growth of petroleum use for highway transportation in the first decade of the 21. century. The diesel engine is central to achieving this goal since it is already the most efficient of internal combustion engines (44 per cent versus 24 per cent for gasoline engines); it offers power, durability and reliability, and the efficiency can be further improved (perhaps as high as 63 per cent). The approach is to develop and promote user acceptance of high efficiency diesel engine technologies through partnership with domestic industry and other agencies. Key components of the program are (1) understanding in-cylinder combustion processes, (2) exhaust after-treatment (catalysts), and (3) fuel formulation. Optimizing all three elements in the diesel cycle engine is considered to be the key to meet near zero emissions of particulate matter and NO{sub x}, without sacrificing engine efficiency.

Goguen, S. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-12-31

 
 
 
 
21

Electric and hybrid vehicle program site operator program. Quarterly progress report, January 1995--March 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Site Operator Program was initially established by the Department of Energy (DOE) to incorporate the electric vehicle activities dictated by the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976. In the ensuing years, the Program has evolved in response to new legislation and interests. The Program currently includes twelve sites located in diverse geographic, metrologic, and metropolitan areas across the United States. Information is shared reciprocally with a thirteenth site, not under Program contract. The vehicles are operator-owned. The Mission Statement of the Site Operator Program includes three major activities: (1) Advancement of electric vehicle technologies; (2) Development of infrastructure elements necessary to support significant electric vehicle use; and (3) Increasing the awareness and acceptance of electric vehicles (EVs) by the public. The current participants in the Site Operator Program are shown. Table 1 indicates the EVs in each of the Site Operator fleets. Table 2 provides baseline information on several EVs currently in use by the Site Operators, or which have evolved to the point that they may be introduced in the near future. The Program is currently managed by personnel of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The current principal management functions include: Coordination of Site Operator efforts in the areas of public awareness and infrastructure development (program-related meetings, and educational presentations).

Kiser, D.M.; Brown, H.L.

1995-08-01

22

Update on the Vancouver Fuel Cell Vehicle Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] 'Full text:' The Vancouver Fuel Cell Vehicle Program (VFCVP) is a $5.8 million initiative designed to test four Ford Focus Fuel Cell Vehicles for three years in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia. The project is the first of its kind in Canada and is led by Fuel Cells Canada (FCC), the Ford Motor Company (Ford), and the Governments of Canada and British Columbia. This presentation will provide program details and an update on activities leading up to currently planned delivery to Vancouver in November 2004. The VFCVP will test the performance, durability and reliability of the Ford fuel cell vehicle cars in real-world conditions and will examine fuelling issues and solutions, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and public acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. The program will generate data to help evolve the technology and develop international codes and standards E cents Epnd the implementation and adoption of fuel cell technology. (author)

2004-01-01

23

Development program of electrical vehicles of batteries in the UNAM; Programa de desarrollo de vehiculos electricos de baterias en la UNAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eight years ago, project to develop a small battery powered electric bus, known today as UNAM's Electric Vehicle, was started at the Engineering Institute. This project was followed by the design and construction, under an agreement with the Mexico City Government, of the Electrobus, a public transport vehicle that was recently put in operation and is being evaluated by the City's Electric Transportation Service. Two other projects, within the scope of UNAM's Electric Vehicle Development Program refer to light trucks: the Electrovira, characterized by exceptional maneuverability, and the Electric Delivery Vehicle. These projects are being carried out respectively by the Engineering Institute and the School of Engineering's Center for Design and Manufacture. Other parties that have collaborated in the program are: the School of Architecture's Center for Research in Industrial Design, the Instruments Center, and the School of Chemistry. Work is also being done on complementary aspects which include the development of an intelligent charger for large battery packs and of a dual electronic controller, a study of the dynamic performance of lead-acid batteries, the design of a battery monitoring system, and the search for new battery alternatives. [Spanish] Hace ocho anos, el Instituto de Ingenieria inicio el proyecto de desarrollo de un minibus electrico de baterias, conocido ahora como el Vehiculo Electrico UNAM. Este proyecto fue seguido de un convenio con el Gobierno del Distrito Federal para el diseno y construccion del Electrobus, un vehiculo para transporte publico que recientemente fue puesto en operacion para ser evaluado por el Servicio de Transporte Electrico del DF. Dos proyectos mas, enmarcados dentro del Programa de Desarrollo de Vehiculos Electricos, se refieren a vehiculos ligeros de carga como el Electrovira, caracterizado por su gran maniobrabilidad y el Vehiculo Electrico de Reparto. Estos proyectos se realizan respectivamente en el Instituto de Ingenieria y el Centro de Diseno Mecanico de la Facultad de Ingenieria. Se ha contado tambien con la colaboracion del Centro de Investigaciones en Diseno Industrial de la Facultad de Arquitectura, el Centro de Instrumentos y la Facultad de Quimica. Otros aspectos complementarios en los que se esta trabajando, incluyen el desarrollo de un cargador inteligente para grandes paquetes de baterias y de un controlador electronico dual, el estudio del desempeno dinamico de baterias de plomo-acido, el diseno de un sistema de monitoreo de baterias y la busqueda de nuevas alternativas de baterias.

Carmona Paredes, G.; Chicurel Uziel, R.; Chicurel Uziel, E.; Gutierrez Martinez, F. [Instituto de Ingenieria, UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2002-09-01

24

DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

From the inception of the DOE/ANL Near-Term eV Battery Program in 1978, significant progress in lead-acid, nickel/iron and nickel/zinc battery technology has been made towards achieving the technical performance goals necessary for widespread use of these battery systems in electric vehicle applications. The energy density of lead-acid eV batteries has advanced from 25 to 30 Wh/kg to over 40 Wh/kg. The prospect for obtaining a lead-acid battery having both high energy density and long cycle life in a few years is very promising. Nickel/iron modules have demonstrated a specific energy of nearly 50 Wh/kg and a specific power of 100 W/kg, cycle lives of 300 have been achieved during early 1980 and testing continues, and the energy efficiency has been improved from less than 50% to over 65%. Nickel/zinc module test data have shown a specific energy of nearly 70 Wh/kg and a specific power of 130 W/kg. However, cycle life improvements are still needed. Cost reduction continues to receive major emphasis at developers of both nickel/zinc and nickel/iron batteries. Based on the continued demonstration of viable solutions to technical problems in the 1980 to 1983 time-frame, these near-term batteries will emerge as contenders for electric vehicle applications. The relative cost/performance/life tradeoff of these battery systems continues to receive emphasis in the DOE/ANL R and D Program. While it would be premature at the present time to select winning systems or specific technical approaches, it is the intent of the DOE/ANL program management to continue supporting the development of the most viable approaches in response to the 1986 commercialization goal.

Yao, N.P.; Christianson, C.C.; Elliott, R.C.; Lee, T.S.; Miller, J.F.

1980-01-01

25

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program, Site Operator Program. Quarterly progress report, January--March 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Goals of the site operator program include field evaluation of electric vehicles (EVs) in real-world applications and environments, advancement of electric vehicle technologies, development of infrastructure elements necessary to support significant EV use, and increasing the awareness and acceptance of EVs by the public. The site operator program currently consists of 11 participants under contract and two other organizations with data-sharing agreements with the program. The participants (electric utilities, academic institutions, Federal agencies) are geographically dispersed within US and their vehicles see a broad spectrum of service conditions. Current EV inventories of the site operators exceeds 250 vehicles. Several national organizations have joined DOE to further the introduction and awareness of EVs, including: (1) EVAmerica (a utility program) and DOE conduct performance and evaluation tests to support market development for EVs; (2) DOE, DOT, the Electric Transportation Coalition, and the Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas are conducting a series of workshops to encourage urban groups in Clean Cities (a DOE program) to initiate the policies and infrastructure development necessary to support large-scale demonstrations, and ultimately the mass market use, of EVs. Current focus of the program is collection and dissemination of EV operations and performance data to aid in the evaluation of real- world EV use. This report contains several sections with vehicle evaluation as a focus: EV testing results, energy economics of EVs, and site operators activities.

Francfort, J.E. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Bassett, R.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Briasco, S. [Los Angeles City Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-08-01

26

DEPENDENCE OF NITRIC OXIDE EMISSIONS ON VEHICLE LOAD: RESULTS FROM THE GTRP INSTRUMENTED VEHICLE PROGRAM  

Science.gov (United States)

The presentation discussed the dependence of nitric oxide (NO) emissions on vehicle load, bases on results from an instrumented-vehicle program. The accuracy and feasibility of modal emissions models depend on algorithms to allocate vehicle emissions based on a vehicle operation...

27

Kansas State University Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past fifteen years Kansas State's faculty has been involved in research of alternative fuel vehicles. From formulation of fuels and automotive fuel storage to development of electronic controls, K-State's faculty research has been ongoing. With the increased awareness of what is occurring to the world's environment, the catalyst -- to ensure applied results from faculty research will occur -- has been activated. The Department of Energy's Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program is the platform being used to demonstrate international efforts to bring a more acceptable daily mode of transportation to our highways. The first new electrical vehicle procured at K-State in the last ten years, a G-Van, is a technological dinosaur. It does not incorporate leading edge control or drive systems nor does it provide the type of vehicle frame and body to meet a majority of the daily commuter needs required by the American market. Yet, this vehicle represents initial efforts to bring a federally crash certified vehicle to the commercial automotive market. As such, it is an evolutionary step in the mass production of electric vehicle products.

Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

1991-01-01

28

The ARM unpiloted aerospace vehicle (UAV) program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) are an important complement to the DOE`s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. ARM is primarily a ground-based program designed to extensively quantify the radiometric and meteorological properties of an atmospheric column. There is a need for airborne measurements of radiative profiles, especially flux at the tropopause, cloud properties, and upper troposphere water vapor. There is also a need for multi-day measurements at the tropopause; for example, in the tropics, at 20 km for over 24 hours. UAVs offer the greatest potential for long endurance at high altitudes and may be less expensive than piloted flights. 2 figs.

Sowle, D. [Mission Research Corporation, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1995-09-01

29

Mobil emission reduction credits for natural gas vehicle programs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments in 1990, there has been increasing interest among regulators and business interests alike in innovative, market-based strategies to air quality control. In particular, larger metropolitan areas have begun to examine marketable emission reduction credit (ERC) programs. These programs limit the total allowable emissions in a non-attainment area, allocate these emission open-quotes creditsclose quotes among sources in the region, and allow the sources to redistribute their allowances through trading. This approach provides for the most cost-effective distribution of control burdens among affected sources, taking advantage of the differences in marginal control costs. Some control measures applied to mobile sources may be significantly less expensive than those applied to stationary sources, making mobile sources an excellent candidate for inclusion in an ERC program. However, there are several potential problems involving quantification, enforcement, and credit trading issues that hinder the development of mobile source ERC programs. This paper will evaluate those obstacles and discuss how they are being addressed in a Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) program currently under development for the Houston ozone non-attainment area. Specifically, the study will outline the credit validation (i.e., quantification) procedure, including baseline emission determination and emission testing for each NGV in the program. In addition, the study will describe the vehicle/fuel consumption tracking system, and discuss issues related to credit trading with stationary sources. Finally, observations are made concerning the applicability of mobile ERC programs for other emission control measures such as old vehicle scrappage and vehicle Inspection and Maintenance programs.

1993-01-01

30

Electric and hybrid vehicle program. Quarterly report, January-February-March 1981  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Highlights of program developments are discussed, and ETV-1 test results are described. The temperature effects on lead-acid battery performance from 27 to 55/sup 0/C are reported, and the status of demonstration electric vehicle orders and deliveries is summarized. The certification and testing status of demonstration project vehicles is outlined, and a personnel directory for the DOE Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program is included. (WHK)

1981-05-01

31

UAVs in climate research: The ARM Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the last year, a Department of Energy/Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program project known as ``ARM-UAV`` has made important progress in developing and demonstrating the utility of unmanned aerospace vehicles as platforms for scientific measurements. Recent accomplishments include a series of flights using an atmospheric research payload carried by a General Atomics Gnat UAV at Edwards AFB, California, and over ground instruments located in north-central Oklahoma. The reminder of this discussion will provide background on the program and describe the recent flights.

Bolton, W.R.

1994-05-01

32

Canadian in-use vehicle emissions reduction programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In-use vehicles include licensed vehicles that are currently operating on roads. Motor vehicles contribute large quantities of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, ground-level ozone precursors, oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds. Automobiles represent the greatest single anthropogenic source of air pollution in Canada. Federal vehicle emissions regulations were first introduced in 1971 and over the years, emission reduction programs have been launched to either improve emissions performance of vehicles or to reduce the number of vehicles that operate on roads and highways. Aging vehicle component systems and lack of maintenance can lead to poor engine performance, higher fuel consumption and higher emissions. Ontario and British Columbia have launched Inspection and Maintenance Programs to improve the general condition of the in-use vehicle fleet and to reduce emissions. Other jurisdictions across Canada have launched other programs to attempt to limit emissions from internal combustion engines operating in urban areas. The programs currently in operation in Canada include anti-tampering legislation and enforcement; on-road vehicle inspections; heavy-duty vehicle emission component retrofit programs; scrappage and recycling programs; idle-control by-laws and idle reduction campaigns; driver education programs; carpool, carpool matching and car-sharing programs; transit improvements and alternative transport campaigns; public awareness campaigns; voluntary vehicle inspection clinics; and, fuel efficiency improvement programs. The idle reduction programs have received federal funding from the Department of Natural Resources. Several non-governmental organizations, such as the Lung Association, have also been constructive in creating idle reduction programs, particularly in school zones in several provinces. This document described the effort to increase public awareness regarding air pollution related to vehicle emissions. Details of each program were provided with reference to how they are enforced in the various provinces and territories across Canada. tabs.

Cope, D. [D. Cope Enterprises, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2004-11-01

33

The DOE/NREL Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program - An Overview  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper summarizes the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NG-NGV) Program that is led by the U.S. Department Of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The goal of this program is to develop and implement one Class 3-6 compressed natural gas (CNG) prototype vehicle and one Class 7-8 liquefied natural gas (LNG) prototype vehicle in the 2004 to 2007 timeframe. OHVT intends for these vehicles to have 0.5 g/bhp-hr or lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by 2004 and 0.2 g/bhp-hr or lower NOx by 2007. These vehicles will also have particulate matter (PM) emissions of 0.01 g/bhp-hr or lower by 2004. In addition to ambitious emissions goals, these vehicles will target life-cycle economics that are compatible with their conventionally fueled counterparts.

2001-01-01

34

The DOE/NREL Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program - An Overview  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper summarizes the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NG-NGV) Program that is led by the U.S. Department Of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The goal of this program is to develop and implement one Class 3-6 compressed natural gas (CNG) prototype vehicle and one Class 7-8 liquefied natural gas (LNG) prototype vehicle in the 2004 to 2007 timeframe. OHVT intends for these vehicles to have 0.5 g/bhp-hr or lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by 2004 and 0.2 g/bhp-hr or lower NOx by 2007. These vehicles will also have particulate matter (PM) emissions of 0.01 g/bhp-hr or lower by 2004. In addition to ambitious emissions goals, these vehicles will target life-cycle economics that are compatible with their conventionally fueled counterparts.

Kevin Walkowicz; Denny Stephens; Kevin Stork

2001-05-14

35

Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program site operator program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the term of the above mentioned agreement, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), a municipal utility serving the citizens of Los Angeles, marked its tenth year of involvement in testing and promoting electric vehicles as part of Los Angeles` overall air quality improvement program, and as a means of improving the regions` economic competitiveness through the creation of new industries. LADWP maintained and operated twenty electric vehicles (EVs) during the test period. These vehicles consisted of six G-Vans, four Chrysler TEVans, five U.S. Electricar pickup trucks, and five U.S. Electricar Prizms. LADWP`s electric transportation program also included infrastructure, public transit development, public and awareness, and legislative and regulatory activities.

NONE

1998-02-01

36

The perspectives of development of natural gas for vehicles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This short paper analyses the actions carried out in the world, and in particular in France, to develop and promote the use of natural gas for vehicles (NGV). In France, a protocol of agreement was signed in June 1994 between the French car manufacturers, Gaz de France and the French Association of Natural Gas for Vehicles (AFGNV) in order to develop new kinds of gas fueled vehicles, more optimized engines, to increase the number of gas distribution stations, to ratify the new models of vehicles and the specific parts for these vehicles (composite materials tanks), to carry out R and D work on gas compressors, and to develop public and private fleets of urban buses and public service vehicles. The forthcoming application of the 'Clean Air Law' will support these actions. Significant and similar developments take place also in more than 30 other countries under the same environmental motivation and ambitious programs are planned in the USA, Japan and Argentina for the year 2000. The R and D effort now focusses on the use of LNG instead of compressed natural gas. (J.S.).

1996-01-01

37

Continued Development and Improvement of Pneumatic Heavy Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this applied research effort led by Georgia Tech Research Institute is the application of pneumatic aerodynamic technology previously developed and patented by us to the design of an appropriate Heavy Vehicle (HV) tractor-trailer configuration, and experimental confirmation of this pneumatic configuration's improved aerodynamic characteristics. In Phases I to IV of our previous DOE program (Reference 1), GTRI has developed, patented, wind-tunnel tested and road-tested blown aerodynamic devices for Pneumatic Heavy Vehicles (PHVs) and Pneumatic Sports Utility Vehicles (PSUVs). To further advance these pneumatic technologies towards HV and SUV applications, additional Phase V tasks were included in the first year of a continuing DOE program (Reference 2). Based on the results of the Phase IV full-scale test programs, these Phase V tasks extended the application of pneumatic aerodynamics to include: further economy and performance improvements; increased aerodynamic stability and control; and safety of operation of Pneumatic HVs. Continued development of a Pneumatic SUV was also conducted during the Phase V program. Phase V was completed in July, 2003; its positive results towards development and confirmation of this pneumatic technology are reported in References 3 and 4. The current Phase VI of this program was incrementally funded by DOE in order to continue this technology development towards a second fuel economy test on the Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle. The objectives of this current Phase VI research and development effort (Ref. 5) fall into two categories: (1) develop improved pneumatic aerodynamic technology and configurations on smaller-scale models of the advanced Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle (PHV); and based on these findings, (2) redesign, modify, and re-test the modified full-scale PHV test vehicle. This second objective includes conduct of an on-road preliminary road test of this configuration to prepare it for a second series of SAE Type-U fuel economy evaluations, as described in Ref. 5. Both objectives are based on the pneumatic technology already developed and confirmed for DOE OHVT/OAAT in Phases I-V. This new Phase VI effort was initiated by contract amendment to the Phase V effort using carryover FY02 funds. This were conducted under a new and distinct project number, GTRI Project A-6935, separate from the Phase I-IV program. However, the two programs are closely integrated, and thus Phase VI continues with the previous program and goals.

Robert J. Englar

2005-07-15

38

Venturestar{trademark} single stage to orbit reusable launch vehicle program overview  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lockheed Martin is developing the VentureStar{trademark} Single Stage To Orbit Reusable Launch Vehicle system. The VentureStar{trademark} launch system will drastically reduce the cost to place payloads in orbit. This paper describes the VentureStar{trademark} Single Stage To Orbit Reusable Launch Vehicle Program, system and technology. The technology to achieve VentureStar{trademark} will be demonstrated in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration X-33 Phase II Advanced Technology Demonstration Program. The X-33 program, vehicle, and technology are described herein. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Baumgartner, R.I. [Lockheed Martin Skunk Works 1011 Lockheed Way Palmdale, California93599-7241 (United States)

1997-01-01

39

Development of natural gas vehicles in China  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Past decade and current status of development of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in China is described. By the end of 1995, 35 CNG refueling stations and 9 LPG refueling stations had been constructed in 12 regions, and 33,100 vehicles had been converted to run on CNG or LPG. China`s automobile industry, a mainstay of the national economy, is slated for accelerated development over next few years. NGVs will help to solve the problems of environment protection, GHGs mitigation, and shortage of oil supply. The Chinese government has started to promote the development of NGVs. Projects, investment demand, GHG mitigation potential, and development barriers are discussed. China needs to import advanced foreign technologies of CNGs. China`s companies expect to cooperate with foreign partners for import of CNG vehicle refueling compressors, conversions, and light cylinders, etc.

Zongmin, Cheng

1996-12-31

40

Focus group testing for the vehicle scrappage program : final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Canada's national vehicle scrappage program was designed to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) and smog-forming emissions by removing personal vehicles with model years of 1995 and older from Canadian road systems. The program will also promote sustainable transportation alternatives and recycling programs to prevent the release of other toxic substances into the environment. Incentives designed to encourage Canadians to scrap older vehicles may include cash incentives and rebates towards the purchase of a new vehicle, free transit passes, and other options designed to support sustainable transportation. This paper discussed a research program conducted to assess target audience responses to the programs and its proposed incentives. The survey was conducted with a series of 20 focus groups located in major cities across Canada. Sessions were comprised of between 6 to 10 participants from lower-income and higher-income households. All groups responded negatively to both the overall policy as well as to specific program elements. The study showed that most participants were not aware that older vehicles emit significantly higher levels of harmful emissions. The research audience did not understand distinctions between smog-producing emissions and GHG emissions. Participants also believed that personal vehicles had a minor negative impact on the environment compared to trucks, industry, and vehicle fleets. Participants felt a sense of pride in the ways in which they had maintained their older vehicles, and also perceived them as safer than newer vehicles. It was concluded that many participants were resistant to facts presented to them about older vehicles, and felt that the incentives were insufficient to trigger action. The effectiveness of advertising materials designed to promote the program was also assessed. 3 tabs., 9 figs.

NONE

2008-03-15

 
 
 
 
41

Overview of Sandia`s Electric Vehicle Battery Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Sandia National Laboratories is actively involved several projects which are part of an overall Electric Vehicle Battery Program. Part of this effort is funded by the United States Department of Energy/Office of Transportation Technologies (DOE/OTT) and the remainder is funded through the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). DOE/OTT supported activities include research and development of zinc/air and sodium/sulfur battery technologies as well as double layer capacitor (DLC) R&D. Projects in the USABC funded work include lithium/polymer electrolyte (LPE) R&D, sodium/sulfur activities and battery test and evaluation.

Clark, R.P.

1993-12-31

42

Frontier battery development for hybrid vehicles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Interest in hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) has recently spiked, partly due to an increasingly negative view toward the U.S. foreign oil dependency and environmental concerns. Though HEVs are becoming more common, they have a significant price premium over gasoline-powered vehicles. One of the primary drivers of this “hybrid premium” is the cost of the vehicles’ batteries. This paper focuses on these batteries used in hybrid vehicles, examines the types of batteries used for transportation applications and addresses some of the technological, environmental and political drivers in battery development and the deployment of HEVs. Methods This paper examines the claim, often voiced by HEV proponents, that by taking into account savings on gasoline and vehicle maintenance, hybrid cars are cheaper than traditional gasoline cars. This is done by a quantitative benefit-cost analysis, in addition to qualitative benefit-cost analysis from political, technological and environmental perspectives. Results The quantitative benefit-cost analysis shows that, taking account of all costs for the life of the vehicle, hybrid cars are in fact more expensive than gasoline-powered vehicles; however, after five years, HEVs will break even with gasoline cars. Conclusions Our results show that it is likely that after 5 years, using hybrid vehicles should be cheaper in effect and yield a positive net benefit to society. There are a number of externalities that could significantly impact the total social cost of the car. These externalities can be divided into four categories: environmental, industrial, R&D and political. Despite short-term implications and hurdles, increased HEV usage forecasts a generally favorable long-term net benefit to society. Most notably, increasing HEV usage could decrease greenhouse gas emissions, while also decreasing U.S. dependence on foreign oil.

Lewis Heather; Park Haram; Paolini Maion

2012-01-01

43

Sodium sulfur electric vehicle battery engineering program final report, September 2, 1986--June 15, 1993  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In September 1986 a contract was signed between Chloride Silent Power Limited (CSPL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) entitled ``Sodium Sulfur Electric Vehicle Battery Engineering Program``. The aim of the cost shared program was to advance the state of the art of sodium sulfur batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Initially, the work statement was non-specific in regard to the vehicle to be used as the design and test platform. Under a separate contract with the DOE, Ford Motor Company was designing an advanced electric vehicle drive system. This program, called the ETX II, used a modified Aerostar van for its platform. In 1987, the ETX II vehicle was adopted for the purposes of this contract. This report details the development and testing of a series of battery designs and concepts which led to the testing, in the US, of three substantial battery deliverables.

NONE

1993-06-01

44

Exchange program. Alternative options for purchase of environmentally friendly vehicles in Stockholm  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The city of Stockholm has decided to exchange 300 of its gasoline-driven vehicles for vehicles which emit fewer hazardous pollutants. A vehicle exchange program is being developed based on analyses which describe the driving patterns of Stockholm's vehicles, alternative fuel technology status, and financing alternatives. This report comprises the first two analyses, that of Stockholm's fleet driving patterns and alternative fuel technology options. The report has four major sections: * a technical analysis of the status of certain fuels and vehicles, including prognoses of availability in Sweden and the future development potential of each. (electric, biogas, ethanol, RME), * a driving study, which identifies those vehicles currently in Stockholm's fleet which could be exchanged for alternatively-fueled vehicles, * an analysis of five purchase package alternatives, and * a location analysis, which describes the accessibility of vehicles in each alternative to alternative fuel refueling facilities in Stockholm. Given current prices and availability of the alternative fuels and vehicles studied, we recommend a high share of electric and biogas vehicles for purchases during 1997. The cost-effectiveness of different vehicle types in their reduction of various hazardous pollutants, may however change dramatically as prices and availability of vehicles changes and the market for alternative fuels develops. Accessibility to alternative fuel refueling facilities is adequate in Stockholm, though not always ideal. To improve the accessibility of biogas vehicles further, we suggest a third biogas refueling facility in the city's northeastern area (Ropsten, Vaertahamnen). If MFO chooses to purchase a significant number of diesel passenger vehicles to be driven on RME; we propose that a facility in the northeastern area would improve accessibility more than another facility in southern Stockholm.

Rader Olsson, Amy [Inregia AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Elam, N. [Atrax Energi AB, Goeteborg (Sweden)

1999-11-01

45

Developments and challenges for autonomous unmanned vehicles  

CERN Multimedia

It is widely anticipated that autonomous vehicles will have a transformational impact on military forces and will play a key role in many future force structures. As a result, many tasks have already been identified that unmanned systems could undertake more readily than humans. However, for this to occur, such systems will need to be agile, versatile, persistent, reliable, survivable and lethal. This will require many of the vehicles 'cognitive' or higher order functions to be more fully developed, whereas to date only the 'component' or physical functions have been successfully automated and

Finn, Anthony

2010-01-01

46

Achieving integrated convoys: cargo unmanned ground vehicle development and experimentation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cargo UGV project was initiated in 2010 with the aim of developing and experimenting with advanced autonomous vehicles capable of being integrated unobtrusively into manned logistics convoys. The intent was to validate two hypotheses in complex, operationally representative environments: first, that unmanned tactical wheeled vehicles provide a force protection advantage by creating standoff distance to warfighters during ambushes or improvised explosive device attacks; and second, that these UGVs serve as force multipliers by enabling a single operator to control multiple unmanned assets. To assess whether current state-of-the-art autonomous vehicle technology was sufficiently capable to permit resupply missions to be executed with decreased risk and reduced manpower, and to assess the effect of UGVs on customary convoy tactics, the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory and the Joint Ground Robotics Enterprise sponsored Oshkosh Defense and the National Robotics Engineering Center to equip two standard Marine Corps cargo trucks for autonomous operation. This paper details the system architecture, hardware implementation, and software modules developed to meet the vehicle control, perception, and planner requirements compelled by this application. Additionally, the design of a custom human machine interface and an accompanying training program are described, as is the creation of a realistic convoy simulation environment for rapid system development. Finally, results are conveyed from a warfighter experiment in which the effectiveness of the training program for novice operators was assessed, and the impact of the UGVs on convoy operations was observed in a variety of scenarios via direct comparison to a fully manned convoy.

Zych, Noah; Silver, David; Stager, David; Green, Colin; Pilarski, Thomas; Fischer, Jacob

2013-05-01

47

Electric and hybrid vehicle program, site operator program quarterly progress report for April through June 1996 (third quarter of fiscal year 1996)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Site Operator Program was initially established to meet the requirements of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976. The Program has since evolved in response to new legislation and interests. The goals of the Site Operator Program include the field evaluation of electric vehicles (EVs) in real-world applications and environments; the advancement of electric vehicle technologies; the development of infrastructure elements necessary to support significant electric vehicle use; and increasing the awareness and acceptance of EVs by the public. The Site Operator Program currently consists of eleven participants under contract and two other organizations that have data-sharing agreements with the Program (Table ES-1). Several national organizations have joined DOE to further the introduction and awareness of electric vehicles, including: (1) EVAmerica (a utility program) and DOE conduct performance and evaluation tests to support market development for electric vehicles; and (2) DOE, the Department of Transportation, the Electric Transportation Coalition, and the Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas are conducting a series of workshops to encourage urban groups in Clean Cities (a DOE program) to initiate the policies and infrastructure development necessary to support large-scale demonstrations, and ultimately the mass market use, of electric vehicles. The current focus of the Program is the collection and dissemination of EV operations and performance data to aid in the evaluation of real-world EV use. This report contains several sections with vehicle evaluation as a focus.

Francfort, J. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Bassett, R.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Briasco, S. [Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-01-01

48

Space Technology Research Vehicle (STRV)-2 program  

Science.gov (United States)

The STRV-2 program is the second in a series of three collaborative flight test programs between the U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) and the United Kingdom (UK) Minstry of Defence (MoD). The STRV-2 Experiment Module contains five major experiments to provide proof-of-concept data on system design, data on the mid-earth orbit (MEO) space environment, and data on durability of materials and components operating in the MEO environment. The UK Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA) has provided a mid- wavelength infrared (MWIF) imager to evaluate passive detection of aircraft from space. BMDO, in conjunction with the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), have provided experiments to evaluate use of adaptive structures for vibration suppression, to investigate the use of high bandwidth laser communications to transmit data from space to ground or airborne receivers, to study the durability of materials and components in the MEO space environment, and to measure radiation and micrometeoroid/debris fluence. These experiments are mounted on all- composite structure. This structure provides a significant reduction in weight and cost over comparable aluminum designs while maintaining the high stiffness required by optical payloads. In 1994, STRV-2 was manifested for launch by the DOD Space Test Program. STRV-2, the primary payload on the Tri-Service eXperiment (TSX)-5 spacecraft, was successfully launched on 7 June 2000 on a Pegasus XL from Vandenbery AFB, CA. The STRV-2 program, like the companion STRV-1 program, validates the viability of multi-national, multi-agency collaborations to provide cost effective acquisition of space test data. The experimental data to be obtained will reduce future satellite risk and provide guidelines for further system development.

Shoemaker, James; Brooks, Paul; Korevaar, Eric J.; Arnold, Graham S.; Das, Alok; Stubstad, John; Hay, R. G.

2000-11-01

49

Drive Clean Program emissions benefit analysis and reporting : heavy duty diesel vehicles[Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the results from a review of Ontario's Heavy Duty Drive Clean Program. This review developed emissions benefits estimates in three calendar years (2000, 2001 and 2002) for the heavy-duty diesel and non-diesel vehicle programs. The objectives of the study were to estimate particulate matter emissions reductions and provide a qualitative assessment of other emission benefits; analyse available information on the relationship between opacity, particulate matter (PM) and pollutants; and, describe the methods employed and their limitations to correlating vehicle opacity results with mass emissions benefits. The report presents a statistical analysis of vehicle data including information on the tested population, the age distribution of diesel vehicles, kilometres travelled estimates for vehicles, and diesel opacity test performance results. The report also presents an analysis of program emissions effects including: diesel emission estimates using a malperformance model; program effects on emission rates; and total emissions estimates. Lastly, the report covers other program issues such as fuel consumption benefits; other test protocols, a comparison to other programs, and test hardware. It was concluded that over the 3 years of the program, the total accumulated emission reductions were: PM10 emissions of 1092 tonnes; hydrocarbon emissions of 654 tonnes; and, nitrogen oxide emissions of 721 tonnes. The diesel inspections and repairs had no statistical impact on the average fuel consumption of vehicles. 6 refs., 9 tabs., 11 figs.

Taylor, G.W.R.; Stewart, S. [G.W. Taylor Consulting, Woodlawn, ON (Canada); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

2003-10-01

50

Electric and hybrid vehicle program site operator program. Quarterly progress report, October 1994--December 1994 (First quarter of FY-95)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DOE Site Operator Program was initially established to meet the requirements of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976. The Program has since evolved in response to new legislation and interests. Its mission now includes three ma or activity categories: (1) Advancement of Electric Vehicle (EV) technologies, (2) Development of infrastructure elements needed to support significant EV use, and (3) Increasing public awareness and acceptance of EVs. The 13 Program participants, their geographic locations, and the principal thrusts of their efforts are identified in Table ES-1. The EV inventories of each participant are summarized in Table ES-2.

Kiser, D.M.; Brown, H.L.

1995-07-01

51

DOE/BNL Liquid Natural Gas Heavy Vehicle Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As a means of lowering greenhouse gas emissions, increasing economic growth, and reducing the dependency on imported oil, the Department of Energy and Brookhaven National Laboratory (DOE/ BNL) is promoting the substitution of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in heavy-vehicles that are currently being fueled by diesel. Heavy vehicles are defined as Class 7 and 8 trucks (> 118,000 pounds GVVV), and transit buses that have a fuel usage greater than 10,000 gallons per year and driving range of more than 300 miles. The key in making LNG market-competitive with all types of diesel fuels is in improving energy efficiency and reducing costs of LNG technologies through systems integration. This paper integrates together the three LNG technologies of: (1) production from landfills and remote well sites; (2) cryogenic fuel delivery systems; and (3) state-of-the-art storage tank and refueling facilities, with market end-use strategies. The program's goal is to develop these technologies and strategies under a ''green'' and ''clean'' strategy. This ''green'' approach reduces the net contribution of global warming gases by reducing levels of methane and carbon dioxide released by heavy vehicles usage to below recoverable amounts of natural gas from landfills and other natural resources. Clean technology refers to efficient use of energy with low environmental emissions. The objective of the program is to promote fuel competition by having LNG priced between $0.40 - $0.50 per gallon with a combined production, fuel delivery and engine systems efficiency approaching 45%. This can make LNG a viable alternative to diesel.

James E. Wegrzyn; Wai-Lin Litzke; Michael Gurevich

1998-08-11

52

Implementing an incentive program for heavy-duty vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Air quality standards in California and the reasons why the district of Sacramento has decided to put in place an incentive for early implementation of the standards (five years ahead of the rest of the state) are discussed. The nature of the incentives (strictly for 'buying tons of emissions' not for research and development) and the incentive targets which include new, low-emission engines, repowering a vehicle or piece of equipment with a lower emission engine, or retrofitting an existing engine with a technology that lowers emissions are reviewed. Challenges to be overcome include costs, aversion to government grant programs by many in the private sector, the NIMBY syndrome ('not in my backyard'), questions about the readiness of new and retrofit technologies, the lack of infrastructure for alternative fuels, discriminatory taxes on alternative fuels, and the lack of funds for increased operating cost and for funding infrastructure development .

Taylor, T. [Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District, CA (United States)

1999-07-01

53

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program: Progress and Highlights  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program was begun in 1997 to support the enabling materials needs of the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT). The technical agenda for the program grew out of the technology roadmap for the OHVT and includes efforts in materials for: fuel systems, exhaust aftertreatment, valve train, air handling, structural components, electrochemical propulsion, natural gas storage, and thermal management. A five-year program plan was written in early 2000, following a stakeholders workshop. The technical issues and planned and ongoing projects are discussed. Brief summaries of several technical highlights are given.

D. Ray Johnson; Sidney Diamond

2000-06-19

54

Environmental compliance for new launch vehicle and payload programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Environmental compliance for launch vehicle and payload programs begins with an analysis of potential environmental impacts in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The process involves consultation with Federal, State, and County agencies. An Environmental Assessment, Environmental Impact Statement, public hearings, and various environmental permits may be needed to support the program. Lack of proper environmental considerations could result in an injunction, temporary restraining order, or criminal penalties. The environmental impact analysis process is discussed for launch vehicle and payload programs managed by the Air Force Space Systems Division. 29 refs.

Lillie, T.H. (USAF, Space Systems Div., Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1992-03-01

55

Graduated Drivers License Programs and Rural Teenage Motor Vehicle Fatalities  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: Graduated drivers license (GDL) programs have been shown to reduce motor vehicle fatalities among 15- to 17-year-olds. However, the 20 most rural states have been the least likely to enact more stringent GDL policies. Purpose: Estimate the relationship of GDL programs and the number of traffic fatalities among 15- to 17-year-olds on rural…

Morrisey, Michael A.; Grabowski, David C.

2006-01-01

56

Electric and hybrid vehicles program. 5th annual report to Congress for Fiscal Year 1981  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This fifth annual report on the implementation of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-413, as amended by Public Law 95-238, referred to as the Act) complies with the reporting requirements established in Section 14 of the Act. In addition to informing the Congress of the progress and plans of the Department of Energy Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Program, this report is intended to serve as a communication link between the Department and all of the public and private interests involved in making the program a success. The Annual Report represents the major summary of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Program activities; since July 1981, DOE has ceased publication of the EHV Quarterly Reports with Congressional approval. The fourth quarter activities for FY 1981 are included in this report. During FY 1981, significant progress was made toward implementing the policies established by Congress in the Act. There has been a noticeable increase in interest shown by both the automobile manufacturing and the supply sectors of our economy in electric and hybrid vehicles. This year, the emphasis in the Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Program shifted from vehicle demonstration and preparation for production readiness to research, development, test, and evaluation of advanced technologies to achieve the attributes necessary to make electric and hybrid vehicles a practical transportation alternative. Research and development efforts in batteries and propulsion components, as well as total vehicle systems, continue to reveal significant progress toward providing industry with technology options that will result in vehicles with greater public acceptance.

None

1982-03-01

57

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program, Site Operator Program. Quarterly progress report, October--December 1995 (first quarter of fiscal year 1996)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the Site Operator Program quarterly report for USDOE electric and hybrid vehicle research. Its mission now includes the three major activity categories of advancement of electric vehicle (EV) technologies, development of infrastructure elements needed to support significant EV use and increasing public awareness and acceptance of EVs. The 11 Site Operator Program participants, their geographic locations, and the principal thrusts of their efforts are identified. The EV inventories of the site operators totals about 250 vehicles. The individual fleets are summarized.

Francfort, J.E. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Bassett, R.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Briasco, S. [Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-03-01

58

Development of coolant for heavy duty vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For development of a coolant for heavy duty vehicles, causes of conventional long-life coolants (LLC) were examined. Furthermore, the combination of a strain-preventing, anti-corrosion additive as a compounding material for an anti-freezing solution was examined, selected and tested for evaluation. In the development of new LLC, mainly by appropriately selecting an anti-rusting agent and an addition ratio of the agent, the improvement in quality of the coolant was realized. The development target of a coolant as consumer goods was that the 30% injection of the coolant ensures the cooling performance of a cooling system for 2 years or 300,000 km run. The new LLC's containing an amine type and a non-amine type anti-rusting agents were evaluated by the laboratory test of the agent and the practical performance test. As a result, the effect of each anti-rusting agent was clarified, and the optimal mix ratio was determined. Such addition of the anti-rusting agent can surprisingly improve the anti-rusting performance of a coolant at low concentration of an anti-rusting agent, the high temperature oxidation resistance, the anti-cavitation and damage preventing property, and so on, which are conventionally important problems to heavy duty vehicles, so that the coolant of a heavy duty vehicle can sufficiently endure 300,000 km run. (15 figs, 7 tabs, 8 refs)

Kikuchi, Minoru; Tajima, Hideo

1988-04-01

59

1996 in use vehicle emission survey program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The controversy over the use of the fuel additive and octane enhancer MMT (methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl), was discussed. Automobile manufacturers claim that the additive gums up computerized emissions systems, and interferes with the on-board diagnostic (OBD) system. The manufacturer of MMT argues that the additive does not harm vehicle emission controls and actually reduces emissions of nitrogen oxides. This study was conducted to provide some in-use emission and OBD data from cars that had accumulated mileage in actual end user service. Ten cars were emissions tested using the federal test procedure, and 206 vehicles (model year 1981 to 1997) were tested by a third party. Only 3% showed a tail-pipe emission failure rate. Of the 3% of vehicles that failed, 86% were from the year 1988 or older.The study neither proved nor disproved the contention that MMT causes emissions and OBD related problems. It was recommended that further research be conducted to resolve the conflicting views and to gain scientific understanding of the impact of MMT. 13 refs., tabs., figs.

Kozole, K.H.

1996-10-28

60

Further development of electric-powered vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Today nearly all automobiles are driven by internal combustion engines. By that traffic nearly totally depends of fuel whose availability is limited and which is easily affected by crisis conditions. Internal combustion engines produce exhaust fumes, which have harmful effects on environment and which are dangerous in high concentrations for people. This disadvantage can be reduced by further developments, but not totally eliminated. The electric-powered vehicle has the potential to contribute to the solution of these problems. But therefore the present level of development is not sufficient. The possibilities of further development will be investigated and described from the present point of view.

Skudelny, H.C.

1982-12-01

 
 
 
 
61

The Development of LOHAS Automated Guiding Vehicle  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Automated Guiding Vehicle (AGV) is widely used in factories, hospitals, warehouses, and offices. It can also be controlled remotely to operate under hazardous environments that are unsuitable for human presence. On the other hand, medical advancement and the decrease of birth rate are pushing the world into population aging. For elderly or the physically/mentally-challenged patient, some of the common foot problem includes diabetic foot, myotenositis, having calluses in the soles of the foot, foot deformities, etc. This research is aimed at the design and the implementation of an automated guiding vehicle, which is controlled by PC. Once the input is received from optical sensors, it will pass the information to chip, which will process the information and output the decision to stepping motor to finish the process. The research includes understanding the mechanical design, optical sensor input, defining the control units, and initiating stepping motor. Using BASIC programming, the program is burned onto a chip, which works as the central of the AGV. The result can be applied in barrier-free facilities. This research analyzes the pros and cons of AGV based on its behavior under different scenarios.  

Cheng-I Hou; Han-Chen Huang; Tian-Syung Lan

2013-01-01

62

Multiyear Program Plan: Reducing Friction and Wear in Heavy Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As described in its multiyear program plan for 1998-2000, the Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) envisions the development of a fuel-flexible, energy-efficient, near-zero-emissions, heavy-duty U.S. diesel engine technology devolving into all truck classes as a real and viable strategy for reducing energy requirements for commercial transport services and the rapidly growing multipurpose vehicle market (pickups, vans, and sport utility vehicles). Implementation of the OHVT program plan will have significant national benefits in energy savings, cleaner air, more jobs, and increased gross domestic product (GDP). Successful implementation will reduce the petroleum consumption of Class 1-8 trucks by 1.4 million barrels of oil per day by 2020 and over 1.8 million by 2030, amounting to a reduction in highway petroleum consumption of 13.2% and 18.6%, respectively. All types of regulated emissions will be reduced, that is, 20% drop in PM10 emissions (41,000 metric tons per year) by 203 0, 17% reduction in CO2 greenhouse gases (205 million metric tons per year), 7% reduction in NOx, 20% reduction in NMHC, and 30% reduction in CO. An increase of 15,000 jobs by 2020 is expected, as is an increase of $24 billion in GDP. The strategy of OHVT is to focus primarily on the diesel engine since it has numerous advantages. It has the highest efficiency of any engine today, 45% versus 30% for production gasoline engines; and it can be made more efficient at least to 55% and possibly up to 63%. It is the engine of choice for heavy vehicles (trucks), because it offers power, efficiency, durability, and reliability and is used extensively in rail, marine, and off-road applications. Its emission can be ultra-low to near zero, and the production infrastructure is already in place. The primary goals of OHVT are as follows: (1) Develop by 2002 the diesel-engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of light trucks, achieving a 35% fuel efficiency improvement over equivalent gasoline-fueled trucks. (2) Develop by 2004 the enabling technology for a Class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) that will meet prevailing emission standards, using either diesel or a liquid alternative fuel. (3) Develop by 2006 diesel engines with fuel flexibility and a thermal efficiency of 55% with liquid alternative fuels, and a thermal efficiency of 55% with dedicated gaseous fuels. (4) Develop a methodology for analyzing and evaluating the operation of a heavy vehicle as an integrated system, considering such factors as engine efficiency; emissions; rolling resistance; aerodynamic drag; friction, wear, and lubrication effects; auxiliary power units; material substitutions for reducing weight; and other sources of parasitic energy losses. Overarching these considerations is the need to preserve system functionality, cost, competitiveness, reliability, durability, and safety.

R.R. Fessler; G.R. Fenske

1999-12-13

63

Road vehicle emission factors development: A review  

Science.gov (United States)

Pollutant emissions need to be accurately estimated to ensure that air quality plans are designed and implemented appropriately. Emission factors (EFs) are empirical functional relations between pollutant emissions and the activity that causes them. In this review article, the techniques used to measure road vehicle emissions are examined in relation to the development of EFs found in emission models used to produce emission inventories. The emission measurement techniques covered include those most widely used for road vehicle emissions data collection, namely chassis and engine dynamometer measurements, remote sensing, road tunnel studies and portable emission measurements systems (PEMS). The main advantages and disadvantages of each method with regards to emissions modelling are presented. A review of the ways in which EFs may be derived from test data is also performed, with a clear distinction between data obtained under controlled conditions (engine and chassis dynamometer measurements using standard driving cycles) and measurements under real-world operation.

Franco, Vicente; Kousoulidou, Marina; Muntean, Marilena; Ntziachristos, Leonidas; Hausberger, Stefan; Dilara, Panagiota

2013-05-01

64

Developing robotic behavior using a genetic programming model  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the methodology for using a genetic programming model to develop tracking behaviors for autonomous, microscale robotic vehicles. The use of such vehicles for surveillance and detection operations has become increasingly important in defense and humanitarian applications. Through an evolutionary process similar to that found in nature, the genetic programming model generates a computer program that when downloaded onto a robotic vehicle`s on-board computer will guide the robot to successfully accomplish its task. Simulations of multiple robots engaged in problem-solving tasks have demonstrated cooperative behaviors. This report also discusses the behavior model produced by genetic programming and presents some results achieved during the study.

Pryor, R.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Program Management Dept.

1998-01-01

65

Multi-Vehicle Cooperative Control Using Mixed Integer Linear Programming  

CERN Multimedia

We present methods to synthesize cooperative strategies for multi-vehicle control problems using mixed integer linear programming. Complex multi-vehicle control problems are expressed as mixed logical dynamical systems. Optimal strategies for these systems are then solved for using mixed integer linear programming. We motivate the methods on problems derived from an adversarial game between two teams of robots called RoboFlag. We assume the strategy for one team is fixed and governed by state machines. The strategy for the other team is generated using our methods. Finally, we perform an average case computational complexity study on our approach.

Earl, M G; Earl, Matthew G.; Andrea, Raffaello D'

2005-01-01

66

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program: Site Operation Program. Quarterly progress report, July--September 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Site Operator Program has evolved substantially since its inception in response to the Electric Vehicle Research and Demonstration Act of 1976. In its original form, a commercialization effort was intended but this was not feasible for lack of vehicle suppliers and infrastructure. Nonetheless, with DOE sponsorship and technical participation, a few results (primarily operating experience and data) were forthcoming. The current Program comprises eleven sites and over 200 vehicles, of which about 50 are latest generation vehicles. DOE partially funds the Program participant expenditures and the INEL receives operating and maintenance data for the DOE-owned, and participant-owned or monitored vehicles, as well as Program reports. As noted elsewhere in this report, participants represent several widely differing categories: electric utilities, academic institutions, and federal agencies. While both the utilities and the academic institutions tend to establish beneficial relationships with the industrial community.

Francfort, J.; Bassett, R.R.; Briasco, S. [and others

1995-12-01

67

Development of fuel cell vehicles for 2010 Shanghai World EXPO  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 2010 Shanghai EXPO featured 196 fuel cell vehicles developed by the SAIC Motor Company. The demonstration fleet of 100 fuel cell sight-seeing vehicles, 90 fuel cell automobiles and 6 fuel cell buses represents the largest fuel cell fleet in the world. This presentation included photographs of the vehicles and highlighted SAIC as a company that has the capacity to handle fuel cell vehicles from technical development, small volume manufacturing and fleet demonstration. 3 figs.

Huang, C. [SAIC Motor Company (China). New Energy Vehicle Division

2010-07-01

68

Management development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Tennessee Valley Authority's management development program is discussed. The program is built around the following five elements: management position task analysis; individual manager profile; management replacement plan; individual development plan; and management training and development activities. The specific methodology is examined to help clarify the task analysis process. Each element of the management development program described here is intended to be an integral part of a planned approach for ensuring a continuing supply of well-qualified managers.

1985-01-01

69

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) development programme in India  

Science.gov (United States)

The design of the Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), for the launching (by 1990) of 1-1.5-tonne payloads into 900-km sun-synchronous orbit, is discussed, and the mission development program is described. The first stage is a solid propellant motor augmented by six solid strap-ons, and the second stage of liquid storable propellant has a high thrust gimballed engine. A high performance solid motor incorporates a flex nozzle for control as the third stage, and the fourth stage is a liquid propulsion system using N204 and MMH propellant with two regeneratively cooled engines. The vehicle equipment bay, housing the inertial guidance and control system, and the TTC system are located around the fourth stage for guidance and tracking with the associated ground segment until spacecraft ejection into orbit.

Janardhana, E.

70

Department of Energy electric and hybrid vehicle site operator program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pacific Gas & Electric Company continues to expand an EV program that addresses the following: vehicle development and demonstration; vehicle technology assessment; infrastructure evaluation; participation in EV organizations; and meetings and events. This report highlights PG & E`s activities in each of these areas.

NONE

1997-10-01

71

Electrical vehicle controller with programmed motor current  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A variable duty cycle power converter operable in a current controlled loop and having means for delivering increased load current at low duty cycles for efficient use of the switching elements in the converter. A current limit is established for maximum duty cycle which allows current flow through the power switching elements near but within the ratings of the devices. The maximum limit is programmed as a function of duty cycle to allow increased load current flow while maintaining the current through the power switching devices within ratings. As a result substantially increased current can be provided at low duty cycles without the need for using power switching devices of increased rating.

Bourke, R. F.; Thimmesch, D. M.

1980-08-12

72

Overview of PNGV Battery Development and Test Programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Affordable, safe, long-lasting, high-power batteries are requisites for successful commercialization of hybrid electric vehicles. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Advance Automotive Technologies and the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles are funding research and development programs to address each of these issues. An overview of these areas is presented along with a summary of battery development and test programs, as well as recent performance data from several of these programs.

Motloch, Chester George; Murphy, Timothy Collins; Sutula, Raymond; Miller, Ted J.

2002-02-01

73

U.S. DOE FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Advanced Technology Development Program for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Gen 2 Performance Evaluation Interim Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Advanced Technology Development Program is currently evaluating the performance of the second generation of Lithium-ion cells (i.e., Gen 2 cells). The 18650-size Gen 2 cells consist of a baseline chemistry and one variant chemistry. These cells were distributed over a matrix consisting of three states-of-charge (SOC) (60, 80, and 100% SOC), four temperatures (25, 35, 45, and 55°C), and three life tests (calendar-, cycle-, and accelerated-life). The calendar-life cells are clamped at an opencircuit voltage corresponding to 60% SOC and undergo a once-per-day pulse profile. The cycle-life cells are continuously pulsed using a profile that is centered around 60% SOC. The accelerated-life cells are following the calendar-life test procedures, but using the cycle-life pulse profile. Life testing is interrupted every four weeks for reference performance tests (RPTs), which are used to quantify changes in capacity, resistance, and power. The RPTs consist of a C1/1 and C1/25 static capacity tests, a low-current hybrid pulse power characterization test, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at 60% SOC. Capacity-, power-, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy-based performance results are reported.

Jon P. Christophersen; Chet Motloch; Ira D. Bloom; Vince Battaglia; Ganesan Nagasubramanian; Tien Q. Duong

2003-02-01

74

Test Platform Development for Fuel Cell Vehicle’s Hydrogen Management System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper has proposed a Hardware-in-Loop test platform for Hydrogen Management System (Short for HMS) based on hardware of PXI and software of LabVIEW of National Instrument company(short for NI) and Matlab/Simulink for plug-in fuel cell vehicle, replacing the real car experiment platform with the feature of complicated test environment, variable parameter, and limited condition in debugging stage. According to HMS working behavior, it has designed the HMS model by simulink for the test platform. And according to HMS’s control strategy, I/O signal map, CAN communication and sensor characteristics, it has designed the platform hardware configuration, software program, test interface, and rapidly made validation to control logic and fault diagnosis of Hydrogen Management Unit (Short for HMU). The experiment result shows that this test platform is effective for HMU control logic validation, system status monitor, fault injection, fault tracing, and it can shorten the vehicle research and development cycle, reduce the development cost, optimize test environment and promise safety for test engineer.

LAI Xunian; LI Ling; LIANG Weiming; WANG Binglong; LIU Fen

2012-01-01

75

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program, Site Operator Program. Quarterly progress report for July through September 1994 (Fourth quarter of fiscal year 1994)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Site Operator Program was initially established by the Department of Energy (DOE) to incorporate the electric vehicle activities dictated by the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976. In the ensuing years, the Program has evolved in response to new legislation and interests. The Program currently includes twelve sites located in diverse geographic, metrologic, and metropolitan areas across the US. Information is shared reciprocally with a thirteenth site, not under Program contract. The vehicles are operator-owned, except for two Griffon vans. The Mission Statement of the Site Operator Program includes three major activities: advancement of electric vehicle technologies; development of infrastructure elements necessary to support significant electric vehicle use; and increasing the awareness and acceptance of electric vehicles (EVs) by the public. The current participants in the Site Operator Program are shown. The ultimate thrust of program activities varies among sites, reflecting not only the Operator`s business interests but also geographic and climate-related operating conditions. This fourth quarter report (FY-94) includes a summary of activities from the previous three quarters. The report section sequence has been revised to provide a more easily seen program overview, and specific operator activities are now found in Appendix A.

Kiser, D.M.; Brown, H.L.

1995-03-01

76

Alternative fuels for vehicles fleet demonstration program final report. Volume 1: Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Alternative Fuels for Vehicles Fleet Demonstration Program (AFV-FDP) was a multiyear effort to collect technical data for use in determining the costs and benefits of alternative-fuel vehicles in typical applications in New York State. During 3 years of collecting data, 7.3 million miles of driving were accumulated, 1,003 chassis-dynamometer emissions tests were performed, 862,000 gallons of conventional fuel were saved, and unique information was developed about garage safety recommendations, vehicle performance, and other topics. Findings are organized by vehicle and fuel type. For light-duty compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles, technology has evolved rapidly and closed-loop, electronically-controlled fuel systems provide performance and emissions advantages over open-loop, mechanical systems. The best CNG technology produces consistently low tailpipe emissions versus gasoline, and can eliminate evaporative emissions. Reduced driving range remains the largest physical drawback. Fuel cost is low ($/Btu) but capital costs are high, indicating that economics are best with vehicles that are used intensively. Propane produces impacts similar to CNG and is less expensive to implement, but fuel cost is higher than gasoline and safety codes limit use in urban areas. Light-duty methanol/ethanol vehicles provide performance and emissions benefits over gasoline with little impact on capital costs, but fuel costs are high. Heavy-duty CNG engines are evolving rapidly and provide large reductions in emissions versus diesel. Capital costs are high for CNG buses and fuel efficiency is reduced, but the fuel is less expensive and overall operating costs are about equal to those of diesel buses. Methanol buses provide performance and emissions benefits versus diesel, but fuel costs are high. Other emerging technologies were also evaluated, including electric vehicles, hybrid-electric vehicles, and fuel cells.

NONE

1997-03-01

77

Alternative fuels for vehicles fleet demonstration program. Final report, volume 2: Appendices  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Alternative Fuels for Vehicles Fleet Demonstration Program (AFV-FDP) was a multiyear effort to collect technical data for use in determining the costs and benefits of alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) in typical applications in New York State. This report, Volume 2, includes 13 appendices to Volume 1 that expand upon issues raised therein. Volume 1 provides: (1) Information about the purpose and scope of the AFV-FDP; (2) A summary of AFV-FDP findings organized on the basis of vehicle type and fuel type; (3) A short review of the status of AFV technology development, including examples of companies in the State that are active in developing AFVs and AFV components; and (4) A brief overview of the status of AFV deployment in the State. Volume 3 provides expanded reporting of AFV-FDP technical details, including the complete texts of the brochure Garage Guidelines for Alternative Fuels and the technical report Fleet Experience Survey Report, plus an extensive glossary of AFV terminology. The appendices cover a wide range of issues including: emissions regulations in New York State; production and health effects of ozone; vehicle emissions and control systems; emissions from heavy-duty engines; reformulated gasoline; greenhouse gases; production and characteristics of alternative fuels; the Energy Policy Act of 1992; the Clean Fuel Fleet Program; garage design guidelines for alternative fuels; surveys of fleet managers using alternative fuels; taxes on conventional and alternative fuels; and zero-emission vehicle technology.

NONE

1997-06-01

78

THE DEVELOPMENT TREND OF METROPOLIS VEHICLE ???????????  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The traffic matching problem of metropolis is embodied by that the traffic-jam, traffic pollution?traffic system inefficacy and all of the area can not be covered with traffic system. The problem can be solved by a new way of traffic. Public traffic and individual traffic are two aspects of city traffic. Solving the traffic matching problem of metropolis needs combine the two aspects. Share traffic can aims at the traffic matching problem. It can share the vehicle by leasehold and self-help. The way of traffic split into two main aspects, traffic system and vehicle. Share traffic system includes share facility, share vehicle and user and manage center. It needs to set lease station, lease provision and manage method. Design needs to synthesize the relationships of human-product-environment. In my project, it needs to bases on city traffic system, share traffic system and user. The vehicle should fulfill some demands as below: it relieves traffic-jam; makes traffic convenient; it can use new energy sources; designs for short distance traffic; real-time supervise; it can save user information and fit to more people needs; newer and better using way; having better security and stability; it accord with good ergonomics; it can take some baggage and realize the individuation of user. Compare to the vehicles in use, share traffic is a supplement of public traffic. It is agile, convenient and easy to manage. It is a normative, safe and steady vehicle.

Dai, Zheng; Gao, Tian

2009-01-01

79

Vehicle position estimation using GPS/CAN data based on nonlinear programming.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

vehicle position estimationKód oboru RIV: BC - Teorie a systémy ?ízení http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2011/AS/pavelkova-vehicle position estimation using gps-can data based on nonlinear programming.pdf

Pavelková, LenkaG

80

A Talent Development Program  

Science.gov (United States)

|Based on an analysis of student school records, teachers, administrators, and community citizens have developed a plan to incorporate programs designed to correct specific deficiencies in children in the early elementary grades, to constructively develop academic and social behavior by using positive reinforcement, meaningful rewards, and…

Curry, Patricia S.

1972-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

An assessment of research and development leadership in advanced batteries for electric vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Due to the recently enacted California regulations requiring zero emission vehicles be sold in the market place by 1998, electric vehicle research and development (R&D) is accelerating. Much of the R&D work is focusing on the Achilles` heel of electric vehicles -- advanced batteries. This report provides an assessment of the R&D work currently underway in advanced batteries and electric vehicles in the following countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Although the US can be considered one of the leading countries in terms of advanced battery and electric vehicle R&D work, it lags other countries, particularly France, in producing and promoting electric vehicles. The US is focusing strictly on regulations to promote electric vehicle usage while other countries are using a wide variety of policy instruments (regulations, educational outreach programs, tax breaks and subsidies) to encourage the use of electric vehicles. The US should consider implementing additional policy instruments to ensure a domestic market exists for electric vehicles. The domestic is the largest and most important market for the US auto industry.

Bruch, V.L.

1994-02-01

82

Heavy vehicle propulsion system materials program: Semiannual progress report, April 1996--September 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1-3 trucks to realize a 35% fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7-8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OTT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55% efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NO{sub x} and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulates. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55% efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies. OTT OHVT also recognizes a significant opportunity for reduction in petroleum consumption by dieselization of pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. Application of the diesel engine to class 1, 2, and 3 trucks is expected to yield a 35% increase in fuel economy per vehicle. The foremost barrier to diesel use in this market is emission control. Once an engine is made certifiable, subsequent challenges will be in cost; noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH); and performance. Separate abstracts have been submitted to the database for contributions to this report.

Johnson, D.R.

1997-04-01

83

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Davies, J. (General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Zammit, M. (AC Rochester, NY (United States)); Patterson, P. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

84

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Davies, J. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Zammit, M. [AC Rochester, NY (United States); Patterson, P. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-02-01

85

Research, development and demonstration of nickel-zinc batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Activities in a program to develop a Ni/Zn battery for electric vehicle propulsion are reported. Aspects discussed include battery design and development, nickel cathode study, and basic electrochemistry. A number of engineering drawings are supplied. 61 figures, 11 tables. (RWR)

1980-06-01

86

America`s hydrogen-fueled reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technology program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Enabling technologies for the next generation of Earth/orbit space transportation systems, under development at NASA, were described. The objective is to reduce the cost of space flight by one order of magnitude. The key to success is the attainment of a fully reusable launch vehicle. An advanced technology version of the flight-proven DC-X will be flown in 1996, with the subscale prototype X-33 vehicle scheduled to be launched later in the decade. Both these prototypes, as well as later full scale version of the vehicle are expected to use high-energy cryohydrogen and oxygen propellants. Program objectives, implementation strategies, management approach, ground tests of critical technologies were outlined.

Payton, G. E. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31

87

Airbreathing Hypersonic Technology Vision Vehicles and Development Dreams  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Significant advancements in hypersonic airbreathing vehicle technology have been made in the country's research centersand industry over the past 40 years. Some of that technology is being validated with the X-43 flight tests. Thispaper presents an overview of hypersonic airbreathing technology status within the US, and a hypersonic technologydevelopment plan. This plan builds on the nation's large investment in hypersonics. This affordable, incremental planfocuses technology development on hypersonic systems, which could be operating by the 2020's.Copyright 1999 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. No copyright is asserted in theUnited States under Title 17, U.S. Code. The U.S. Government has a royalty-free license to exercise all rights underthe copyright claimed herein for Governmental purposes. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.experimental methods required for this complex multidisciplinaryproblem. The smaller ART program ...

Airbreathing Hypersonic; C. R. Mcclinton; J. L. Hunt; R. H. Ricketts; P. Reukauf; C. L. Peddie

88

Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Program. Sixteenth annual report to Congress for fiscal year 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the progress achieved in developing electric and hybrid vehicle technologies, beginning with highlights of recent accomplishments in FY 1992. Detailed descriptions are provided of program activities during FY 1992 in the areas of battery, fuel cell, and propulsion system development, and testing and evaluation of new technology in fleet site operations and in laboratories. This Annual Report also contains a status report on incentives and use of foreign components, as well as a list of publications resulting from the DOE program.

1993-08-01

89

TEG On-Vehicle Performance and Model Validation and What It Means for Further TEG Development  

Science.gov (United States)

A high-temperature thermoelectric generator (TEG) was recently integrated into two passenger vehicles: a BMW X6 and a Lincoln MKT. This effort was the culmination of a recently completed Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored thermoelectric (TE) waste heat recovery program for vehicles (award #DE-FC26-04NT42279). During this 7-year program, several generations of thermoelectric generators were modeled, designed, built, and tested at the couple, engine, and full-device level, as well as being modeled and integrated at the vehicle level. In this paper, we summarize the history of the development efforts and results achieved during the project, which is a motivation for ongoing research in this field. Results are presented and discussed for bench, engine dynamometer, and on-vehicle tests conducted on the current-generation TEG. On the test bench, over 700 W of power was produced. Over 600 W was produced in on-vehicle tests. Both steady-state and transient models were validated against the measured performance of these TEGs. The success of this work has led to a follow-on DOE-sponsored TE waste heat recovery program for passenger vehicles focused on addressing key technical and business-related topics that are meant to enable TEGs to be considered as a viable automotive product in the future.

Crane, Doug; LaGrandeur, John; Jovovic, Vladimir; Ranalli, Marco; Adldinger, Martin; Poliquin, Eric; Dean, Joe; Kossakovski, Dmitri; Mazar, Boris; Maranville, Clay

2013-07-01

90

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program. Quarterly report, April-June 1981  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Progress in the three projects in this program during April to July 1981 is reported. For the Electric Vehicle (EV) Project, development of engineering models of electronically commutated permanent magnet propulsion motors is nearing completion, tests on a samarium-cobalt motor and a ferrite motor were completed, a Phase I ac propulsion system breadboard was installed on the Road Load Simulator, lead-acid multicell modules delivered by industrial subcontractors surpassed 390 cycles in ongoing tests and offer promise of exceeding the FY 1981 objective of 450 cycles, and ongoing tests on nickel/iron modules demonstrated greater than 670 cycles in one case, and 430 cycles in another. For the Electric Hybrid Vehicle (EHV) Project, the final report of the Environmental Control System study was received and recommends a split heat pump system, and a test program which reflects recent project modifications was planned.

1981-08-01

91

Canadian fuel development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] CANDU power reactor fuel has demonstrated an enviable operational record. More than 99.9% of the bundles irradiated have provided defect-free service. Defect excursions are responsible for the majority of reported defects. In some cases research and development effort is necessary to resolve these problems. In addition, development initiatives are also directed at improvements of the current design or reduction of fueling cost. The majority of the funding for this effort has been provided by COG (CANDU Owners' Group) over the past 10 to 15 years. This paper contains an overview of some key fuel technology programs within COG. The CANDU reactor is unique among the world's power reactors in its flexibility and its ability to use a number of different fuel cycles. An active program of analysis and development, to demonstrate the viability of different fuel cycles in CANDU, has been funded by AECL in parallel with the work on the natural uranium cycle. Market forces and advances in technology have obliged us to reassess and refocus some parts of our effort in this area, and significant success has been achieved in integrating all the Canadian efforts in this area. This paper contains a brief summary of some key components of the advanced fuel cycle program. (Author) 4 figs., tab., 18 refs

1992-01-01

92

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program. Quarterly report, April-June 1981  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Progress in the three projects in this program during April to July 1981 is reported. For the Electric Vehicle (EV) Project, development of engineering models of electronically commutated permanent magnet propulsion motors is nearing completion, tests on a samarium-cobalt motor and a ferrite motor were completed, a Phase I ac propulsion system breadboard was installed on the Road Load Simulator, lead-acid multicell modules delivered by industrial subcontractors surpassed 390 cycles in ongoing tests and offer promise of exceeding the FY 1981 objective of 450 cycles, and ongoing tests on nickel/iron modules demonstrated greater than 670 cycles in one case, and 430 cycles in another. For the Electric Hybrid Vehicle (EHV) Project, the final report of the Environmental Control System study was received and recommends a split heat pump system, and a test program which reflects recent project modifications was planned. For the Advanced Vehicle Development Project, the dc controllers were tested and had measured efficiencies of from 85 to 98%, Mg-Al-C was evaluated as a low-cost permanent magnet material but its use is limited by its relatively low maximum operating temperature, the EHV computer simulation program is usable, and EHV subsystem technology assessment are continuing. (LCL)

1981-08-01

93

Biofuels feedstock development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Biofuels Feedstock Development Program (BFDP) leads the nation in the research, development, and demonstration of environmentally acceptable and commercially viable dedicated feedstock supply systems (DFSS). The purpose of this report is to highlight the status and accomplishments of the research that is currently being funded by the BFDP. Highlights summarized here and additional accomplishments are described in more detail in the sections associated with each major program task. A few key accomplishments include (1) development of a methodology for doing a cost-supply analysis for energy crops and the application of that methodology to looking at possible land use changes around a specific energy facility in East Tennessee; (2) preliminary documentation of the relationship between woody crop plantation locations and bird diversity at sites in the Midwest, Canada, and the pacific Northwest supplied indications that woody crop plantations could be beneficial to biodiversity; (3) the initiation of integrated switchgrass variety trials, breeding research, and biotechnology research for the south/southeast region; (4) development of a data base management system for documenting the results of herbaceous energy crop field trials; (5) publication of three issues of Energy Crops Forum and development of a readership of over 2,300 individuals or organizations as determined by positive responses on questionnaires.

1993-01-01

94

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program Semiannual Progress Report for October 1998 Through March 1999  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1-3 trucks to realize a 35% fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7-8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OIT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55% efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NOX and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulate. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55% efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies. OIT OHVT also recognizes a significant opportunity for reduction in petroleum consumption by dieselization of pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. Application of the diesel engine to class 1,2, and 3 trucks is expected to yield a 35% increase in fuel economy per vehicle. The foremost barrier to diesel use in this market is emission control. Once an engine is made certifiable, subsequent challenges will be in cost; noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH); and performance. The design of advanced components for high-efficiency diesel engines has, in some cases, pushed the performance envelope for materials of construction past the point of reliable operation. Higher mechanical and tribological stresses and higher temperatures of advanced designs limit the engine designer; advanced materials allow the design of components that may operate reliably at higher stresses and temperatures, thus enabling more efficient engine designs. Advanced materials also offer the opportunity to improve the emissions, NVH, and performance of diesel engines for pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. The principal areas of research are: (1) Cost Effective High Performance Materials and Processing; (2) Advanced Manufacturing Technology; (3)Testing and Characterization; and (4) Materials and Testing Standards.

Johnson, R.D.

1999-06-01

95

Vehicle technologies program Government Performance and Results Act (GPA) report for fiscal year 2012  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has defined milestones for its Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP). This report provides estimates of the benefits that would accrue from achieving these milestones relative to a base case that represents a future in which there is no VTP-supported vehicle technology development. Improvements in the fuel economy and reductions in the cost of light- and heavy-duty vehicles were estimated by using Argonne National Laboratory's Autonomie powertrain simulation software and doing some additional analysis. Argonne also estimated the fraction of the fuel economy improvements that were attributable to VTP-supported development in four 'subsystem' technology areas: batteries and electric drives, advanced combustion engines, fuels and lubricants, and materials (i.e., reducing vehicle mass, called 'lightweighting'). Oak Ridge National Laboratory's MA{sup 3}T (Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies) tool was used to project the market penetration of light-duty vehicles, and TA Engineering's TRUCK tool was used to project the penetrations of medium- and heavy-duty trucks. Argonne's VISION transportation energy accounting model was used to estimate total fuel savings, reductions in primary energy consumption, and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions that would result from achieving VTP milestones. These projections indicate that by 2030, the on-road fuel economy of both light- and heavy-duty vehicles would improve by more than 20%, and that this positive impact would be accompanied by a reduction in oil consumption of nearly 2 million barrels per day and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of more than 300 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} equivalent per year. These benefits would have a significant economic value in the U.S. transportation sector and reduce its dependency on oil and its vulnerability to oil price shocks.

Ward, J.; Stephens, T. S.; Birky, A. K. (Energy Systems); (DOE-EERE); (TA Engineering)

2012-08-10

96

Design and development of a walking robotic vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Quest Systems, Inc., sponsored by DARPA, is developing a low-cost, high-efficiency walking robotic vehicle (WRV). This vehicle will be targeted for a variety of applications in waste management, hazardous materials transport and handling, nuclear plant operations, maintenance and decontamination, security, mining, and other areas in industrial and military sectors. The purpose of the development is twofold. The first goal is to demonstrate that, in spite of common beliefs, legged locomotion can be as efficient as wheeled (at low velocities), which could make a walking vehicle a prime candidate for an autonomously operated platform. The second goal is to show that this type of vehicle can be built rather inexpensively (below $100,000), which would allow it to compete on a cost/functionality basis with wheeled and tracked ones.

Shkolnik, N.

1990-01-01

97

Human Power Vehicle Program. Final report, June 15, 1993--June 14, 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Human Power Vehicle Program was an intensive, five day a week, four week program designed to give middle school students the opportunity to ``be engineers``. During the month of July, Delta College, the Macro Michigan Multicultural Pre-Technical Education Partnership (M3PEP), and the United States Department of Energy sponsored a four-week learning experience in human-powered vehicles. This unique experience introduced students to the physiology of exercise, the mechanics of the bicycle, and the physics and mathematics of the bicycle. Students also participated in a three day bike tour. The Program used the Bike Lab facility at Delta College`s International Centre in Saginaw, Michigan. Students had the opportunity to explore the development and refinement of the bicycle design and to investigate it`s power machine-the human body. Interactive instruction was conducted in groups to assure that all students experienced the satisfaction of understanding the bicycle. The purpose of the Program was to increase minority students` awareness and appreciation of mathematics and science. The premise behind the Program was that engineers and scientists are made, not born. The Program was open to all minority youth, grades 8 and 9, and was limited to 25 students. Students were selected to participate based upon their interest, desire, maturity, and attitude.

Crowell, J.; Graves, P.

1995-11-01

98

Atmospheric radiation measurement unmanned aerospace vehicle (ARM-UAV) program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ARM-UAV is part of the multi-agency U.S. Global Change Research Program and is addressing the largest source of uncertainty in predicting climatic response: the interaction of clouds and the sun`s energy in the Earth`s atmosphere. An important aspect of the program is the use of unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) as the primary airborne platform. The ARM-UAV Program has completed two major flight series: The first series conducted in April, 1994, using an existing UAV (the General Atomics Gnat 750) consisted of eight highly successful flights at the DOE climate site in Oklahoma. The second series conducted in September/October, 1995, using two piloted aircraft (Egrett and Twin Otter), featured simultaneous measurements above and below clouds and in clear sky. Additional flight series are planned to continue study of the cloudy and clear sky energy budget in the Spring and Fall of 1996 over the DOE climate site in Oklahoma. 3 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Bolton, W.R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1996-11-01

99

Space transfer vehicle concepts and requirements study. Volume 3: Program cost estimates. Book 2: WBS and dictionary  

Science.gov (United States)

This document describes the products and services to be developed, tested, produced, and operated for the Space Transfer Vehicle (STV) Program. The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) and WBS Dictionary are program management tools used to catalog, account by task, and summarize work packages of a space system program. The products or services to be delivered or accomplished during the STV C/D phase are the primary focus of this work breakdown structure document.

Peffley, A. F.

1991-04-01

100

Program development fund  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is the objective of the Fund to encourage innovative research to maintain the Laboratory's position at the forefront of science. Funds are used to explore new ideas and concepts that may potentially develop into new directions of research for the Laboratory and that are consistent with the major needs, overall goals, and mission of the Laboratory and the DOE. The types of projects eligible for support from PDF include: work in forefront areas of science and technology for the primary purpose of enriching Laboratory research and development capabilities; advanced study of new hypotheses, new experimental concepts, or innovative approaches to energy problems; experiments directed toward ''proof of principle'' or early determination of the utility of a new concept; and conception, design analyses, and development of experimental devices, instruments, or components. This report is a review of these research programs

1989-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Program 18th annual report to Congress for Fiscal Year 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department remains focused on the technologies that are critical to making electric and hybrid vehicles commercially viable and competitive with current production gasoline-fueled vehicles in performance, reliability, and affordability. During Fiscal Year 1994, significant progress was made toward fulfilling the intent of Congress. The Department and the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (a partnership of the three major domestic automobile manufacturers) continued to work together and to focus the efforts of battery developers on the battery technologies that are most likely to be commercialized in the near term. Progress was made in industry cost-shared contracts toward demonstrating the technical feasibility of fuel cells for passenger bus and light duty vehicle applications. Two industry teams which will develop hybrid vehicle propulsion technologies have been selected through competitive procurement and have initiated work, in Fiscal Year 1994. In addition, technical studies and program planning continue, as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992, to achieve the goals of reducing the transportation sector dependence on imported oil, reducing the level of environmentally harmful emissions, and enhancing industrial productivity and competitiveness.

NONE

1995-04-01

102

Vehicle Technologies Program: Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Flexible Fuel vehicles are able to operate using more than one type of fuel. FFVs can be fueled with unleaded gasoline, E85, or any combination of the two. Today more than 7 million vehicles on U.S. highways are flexible fuel vehicles. The fact sheet disc...

2010-01-01

103

ABC Technology Development Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Accelerator-Based Conversion (ABC) facility will be designed to accomplish the following mission: 'Provide a weapon's grade plutonium disposition capability in a safe, economical, and environmentally sound manner on a prudent schedule for [50] tons of weapon's grade plutonium to be disposed on in [20] years.' This mission is supported by four major objectives: provide a reliable plutonium disposition capability within the next [15] years; provide a level of safety and of safety assurance that meets or exceeds that afforded to the public by modern commercial nuclear power plants; meet or exceed all applicable federal, state, and local regulations or standards for environmental compliance; manage the program in a cost effective manner. The ABC Technology Development Program defines the technology development activities that are required to accomplish this mission. The technology development tasks are related to the following topics: blanket system; vessel systems; reactivity control systems; heat transport system components; energy conversion systems; shutdown heat transport systems components; auxiliary systems; technology demonstrations - large scale experiments

1994-01-01

104

Training program development  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Union Electric is located at St. Louis, Missouri. Operations and Maintenance Training is conducted at a centrally located training facility. Needs analysis is the first step in the process of developing a new training program. It is an examination of the existing needs for training within an organization. It is a gathering of data that enables one to make an informed estimate of the changes desired or demanded by that organization. It performs two distinct functions: It establishes what the present practices are, and It projects what the desired results should be.

1992-01-01

105

Interpreting Development of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Systems Thinking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rapid present development of unmanned aerial vehicles is rather unstructured. Starting from general systems theory we formulate classification of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that properly groups diverse produced unmanned aerial vehicles, along with their currently unproduced, yet possible types. First we structure the context of applications of UAVs using systems thinking. Secondly, we divide UAVs according to their function in environment: transfer of mass, energy and information. Thirdly, we further divide UAVs following with exchanges between them and environment which do not perform UAVs main predicted function. Fourthly, we analyse possible types of UAVs and divide them based on the structure of their lift-creating element, on their regulating programmes, and on the type of their power-plant.We deduce guidelines for researchers and practitioners regarding prospective focuses in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles.

Jelena ?osi?; Petar ?urkovi?; Josip Kasa?; Josip Stepani?

2013-01-01

106

ADVANCED SORBENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of this program was to develop regenerable sorbents for use in the temperature range of 343 to 538 C (650 to 1000 F) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) from coal-derived fuel gases in a fluidized-bed reactor. The goal was to develop sorbents that are capable of reducing the H{sub 2}S level in the fuel gas to less than 20 ppmv in the specified temperature range and pressures in the range of 1 to 20 atmospheres, with chemical characteristics that permit cyclic regeneration over many cycles without a drastic loss of activity, as well as physical characteristics that are compatible with the fluidized bed application.

Unknown

1998-06-16

107

Will the Brazilian alcohol program accomplish vehicles future demand?  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The National Alcohol Program, {open_quotes}Proalcool{close_quotes}, established in Brazil in 1975, nowadays faces a decisive moment due to its economic and, consequently, supply problems. Since 1989, ethanol production has not been enough for the Brazilian alcohol fueled fleet. This unbalanced situation subjects it to a loss of reliability in the Program. The supply problems are due to the controversy regarding ethanol costs. Alcohol production has been maintained almost the same, since 1988, despite a reduction of sugar cane harvested surface, by an increase in agro-industrial productivity. This paper discusses the relationship between production and demand of ethanol as a strategic gasoline substitute. Ethanol production forecasts are compared to official goals related to alcohol demand for automotive purposes, which has established a given percentage of alcohol fueled vehicle in total sales. Two scenarios adopted in this work ({open_quotes}conservative{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}efficient{close_quotes}) estimate on ethanol production of 16.53 and 19.44 billion liters, respectively, for year 2015. These results, when compared to ethanol demand in the same year, 22.7 billion liters, lead to a significant deficit of alcohol. From the obtained results, measures for the adjustment of Proalcool are proposed.

Fernandes, E.L.; Coelho, S.T. [Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil)] [and others

1995-11-01

108

U.S. Department of Energy electric and hybrid vehicle Site Operator Program at Platte River Power Authority. Final report, July 3, 1991--August 31, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Platte River Power Authority (Platte River) is a political subdivision of the state of Colorado, owned by the four municipalities of Fort Collins, Loveland, Longmont and Estes Park, Colorado. Platte River is a non-profit, publicly owned, joint-action agency formed to construct, operate and maintain generating plants, transmission systems and related facilities for the purpose of delivering to the four municipalities electric energy for distribution and resale. Platte River, as a participant in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Site Operator Program, worked to accomplish the Site Operator Program goals and objectives to field test and evaluate electric and electric-hybrid vehicles and electric vehicle systems in a real world application/environment. This report presents results of Platte River`s program (Program) during the five-years Platte River participated in the DOE Site Operator Program. Platte River participated in DOE Site Operator Program from July 3, 1991 through August 31, 1996. During its Program, Platte River conducted vehicle tests and evaluations, and electric vehicle demonstrations in the Front Range region of Northern Colorado. Platte River also investigated electric vehicle infrastructure issues and tested infrastructure components. Platte River`s Program objectives were as follows: evaluate the year round performance, operational costs, reliability, and life cycle costs of electric vehicles in the Front Range region of Northern Colorado; evaluate an electric vehicle`s usability and acceptability as a pool vehicle; test any design improvements or technological improvements on a component level that may be made available to PRPA and which can be retrofit into vehicles; and develop, test and evaluate, and demonstrate components to be used in charging electric vehicles.

Emmert, R.A.

1996-12-31

109

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program Phase I: Clean Air Partners 0.5 g/hp-h NOx Engine Concept; Final Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Subcontractor report details work done by Clean Air Partners to develop 0.5 g/hp-h NOx natural gas engine exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) technology for the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program.

Wong, H. C.

2003-07-01

110

Freedom car and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program : FY 2007 benefits analysis, methodology and results -- final report.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the approach to estimating the benefits and analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identifying technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in subsequent activities. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. The market penetrations are used as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY07 Budget Request. The energy savings models are utilized by the FCVT program for internal project management purposes.

SIngh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering

2008-02-29

111

Progress of lithium battery technology for electric vehicle in the New Sunshine Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A research project on large-scale lithium secondary batteries for use in electric vehicle and home-use load leveling systems was begun in 1992. It forms an integral part of the New Sunshine Program under the auspices of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) under a 10-year contract with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. The researchers are presently at work on the development of 2 or 3 kWh class battery modules, each consisting of several hundred Wh class cells. Improvements were made in 1999 to four types of battery modules, connecting eight 250 Wh - 380 Wh class cells in series. Starting in 1999, the promotion of the commercialization of achievements made in the electric vehicle application and electric appliances saw the implementation of a phase involving the development of middle-scale battery systems. As a result of this work, 50 Wh - 170 Wh class cells were fabricated and tested. The authors described the scope of the project and the progress made to date on large-scale and middle-scale battery technologies for electric vehicle applications. refs., tabs., figs.

Terada, N.; Yanagi, T.; Arai, S.; Nakajima, N.; Ohta, K.; Nishimura, K.; Yanai, A. [Lithium Battery Energy Storage Technology Research Association, Tokyo (Japan); Iwahori, T.; Takei, K. [Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

2000-07-01

112

Ride, handling and overall chassis development of GM Impact electric vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With limited on-board energy storage, the GM Impact Electric Vehicle design focused on highly efficient systems to provide maximum range. Recognizing the need for this pioneering product to exhibit a high level of ride, handling and refinement, the chassis development team blended analysis, objective testing and subjective evaluation. The development program was structured to assist the integration of all chassis-related systems, from tires to seats.

Roberts, C.A.; Rushbrook, M.A.

1996-09-01

113

ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLE BATTERY CONTROL WITH LABVIEW GRAPHICAL PROGRAM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research related to electric powered vehicles focus on the drive and energy consumption problems. These problems result in an amount of special OBD systems for hybrid and electric vehicles. The study presents the author's research on an electric powered vehicle OBD system and an electric powered car. The study contains a detailed description about the batteries strength and about a software that controls the battery management system.

MENYHÁRT, József

2013-01-01

114

utonomous Controller Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Multi-objective Genetic Programming  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Autonomous navigation controllers were developed for fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications using multi-objective genetic programming (GP). Four fitness functions derived from flight simulations were designed and multi-objective GP was used to evolve controllers able to locate a radar source, navigate the UAV to the source efficiently using on-board sensor measurements, and circle around the emitter. Controllers were evolved for three different kinds of radars: stationary, continuously emitting radars, stationary, intermittently emitting radars, and mobile, continuously emitting radars. In this study, realistic flight parameters and sensor inputs were selected to aid in the transference of evolved controllers to physical UAVs.

Gregory J. Barlow

115

Autonomous Controller Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Multi-objective Genetic Programming  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Autonomous navigation controllers were developed for fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications using multi-objective genetic programming (GP). We designed four fitness functions derived from flight simulations and used multi-objective GP to evolve controllers able to locate a radar source, navigate the UAV to the source efficiently using on-board sensor measurements, and circle closely around the emitter. Controllers were evolved for three different kinds of radars: stationary, continuously emitting radars, stationary, intermittently emitting radars, and mobile, continuously emitting radars. We selected realistic flight parameters and sensor inputs to aid in the transference of evolved controllers to physical UAVs.

Choong K. Oh; Gregory J. Barlow

116

Kansas State University Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Year 1: First quarter report, July 2, 1991--September 30, 1991  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past fifteen years Kansas State`s faculty has been involved in research of alternative fuel vehicles. From formulation of fuels and automotive fuel storage to development of electronic controls, K-State`s faculty research has been ongoing. With the increased awareness of what is occurring to the world`s environment, the catalyst -- to ensure applied results from faculty research will occur -- has been activated. The Department of Energy`s Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program is the platform being used to demonstrate international efforts to bring a more acceptable daily mode of transportation to our highways. The first new electrical vehicle procured at K-State in the last ten years, a G-Van, is a technological dinosaur. It does not incorporate leading edge control or drive systems nor does it provide the type of vehicle frame and body to meet a majority of the daily commuter needs required by the American market. Yet, this vehicle represents initial efforts to bring a federally crash certified vehicle to the commercial automotive market. As such, it is an evolutionary step in the mass production of electric vehicle products.

Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

1991-12-31

117

Field Operations Program, Toyota PRIUS Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Field Operations Program evaluates advanced technology vehicles in real-world applications and environments. Advanced technology vehicles include pure electric, hybrid electric, hydrogen, and other vehicles that use emerging technologies such as fuel cells. Information generated by the Program is targeted to fleet managers and others considering the deployment of advanced technology vehicles. As part of the above activities, the Field Operations Program has initiated the testing of the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a technology increasingly being considered for use in fleet applications. This report describes the Pomona Loop testing of the Prius, providing not only initial operational and performance information, but also a better understanding of HEV testing issues. The Pomona Loop testing includes both Urban and Freeway drive cycles, each conducted at four operating scenarios that mix minimum and maximum payloads with different auxiliary (e.g., lights, air conditioning) load levels.

Francfort, James Edward; Nguyen, N.; Phung, J.; Smith, J.; Wehrey, M.

2001-12-01

118

Aerodynamic development of a lifting body launch vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Lockheed Martin Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) and X-33 demonstrator vehicle incorporate a lifting body aerodynamic design. This design originated from the X-24, HL-20 and ACRV lifting body database. It evolved rapidly through successive wind tunnel tests using stereolithography generated plastic models and rapid data acquisition and analysis. The culmination of this work is a configuration that is close to meeting a goal of at least neutral stability about all axes throughout the operating Mach spectrum. The development process and aerodynamic evolution are described. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Reaser, J.S. [Lockheed Martin Skunk Works 1011 Lockheed Way Palmdale, California93599 (United States)

1997-01-01

119

Aquila Remotely Piloted Vehicle: Recent Developments and Alternatives.  

Science.gov (United States)

This GAO report is about the Army's Aquila Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV), which has had numerous difficulties since it entered full-scale development in 1979. Among these have been technical performance problems and funding cuts, which have led to substa...

1986-01-01

120

Integrated Simulation For Rapid Development Of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The development and testing of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) hardware and software is greatly complicated by vehicle inaccessibility during operation. Integrated simulation remotely links vehicle components and support equipment with graphics simulation workstations, allowing complete real-time, pre-mission, pseudo-mission and post-mission visualization and analysis in the lab environment. Integrated simulator testing of AUV software and hardware is a broad and versatile method that supports rapid diagnosis and robust correction of system faults. Pre-mission simulator AUV testing permits experimental evaluation of developmental software. Pseudo-mission simulator testing of AUV processes employs an identical laboratory microprocessor or remote communication with a testbench-mounted operating AUV, permitting end-to-end testing of all software and hardware. Post-mission simulator playback of recorded telemetry, sensor data and system state transitions supports in-depth reenactment, ...

Donald P. Brutzman; Yutaka Kanayama; Michael J. Zyda

 
 
 
 
121

Electric and hybrid vehicle program: Site operator program. Quarterly progress report, April--June, 1994 (3rd quarter of FY-1994)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DOE Site Operator Program was initially established to meet the requirements of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976. The Program has since evolved in response to new legislation and interests. Its mission now includes three major activity categories; advancement of Electric Vehicle (EV) technologies, development of infrastructure elements needed to support significant EV use, and increasing public awareness and acceptance of EVs. The 13 Program participants, their geographic locations, and the principal thrusts of their efforts are identified. The EV inventories of each participant are summarized. This third quarter report (FY-94) will include a summary of activities from the previous three quarters. The report section sequence has been revised to provide a more easily seen program overview, and specific operator activities are now included.

Kiser, D.M.; Brown, H.L.

1994-10-01

122

Development of emission factors and emission inventories for motorcycles and light duty vehicles in the urban region in Vietnam.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports on a 2-year emissions monitoring program launched by the Centre for Environmental Monitoring of the Vietnam Environment Administration which aimed at determining emission factors and emission inventories for two typical types of vehicle in Hanoi, Vietnam. The program involves four major activities. A database for motorcycles and light duty vehicles (LDV) in Hanoi was first compiled through a questionnaire survey. Then, two typical driving cycles were developed for the first time for motorcycles and LDVs in Hanoi. Based on this database and the developed driving cycles for Hanoi, a sample of 12 representative test vehicles were selected to determine vehicle specific fuel consumption and emission factors (CO, HC, NOx and CO(2)). This set of emission factors were developed for the first time in Hanoi with due considerations of local driving characteristics. In particular, it was found that the emission factors derived from Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) driving cycles and adopted in some previous studies were generally overestimated. Eventually, emission inventories for motorcycles and LDVs were derived by combining the vehicle population data, the developed vehicle specific emission factors and vehicle kilometre travelled (VKT) information from the survey. The inventory suggested that motorcycles contributed most to CO, HC and NOx emissions while LDVs appeared to be more fuel consuming.

Tung HD; Tong HY; Hung WT; Anh NT

2011-06-01

123

A comparison of hydrogen, methanol and gasoline as fuels for fuel cell vehicles: implications for vehicle design and infrastructure development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

All fuel cells currently being developed for near term use in electric vehicles require hydrogen as a fuel. Hydrogen can be stored directly or produced onboard the vehicle by reforming methanol, or hydrocarbon fuels derived from crude oil (e.g., gasoline, diesel, or middle distillates). The vehicle design is simpler with direct hydrogen storage, but requires developing a more complex refueling infrastructure. In this paper, we present modeling results comparing three leading options for fuel storage onboard fuel cell vehicles: (a) compressed gas hydrogen storage, (b) onboard steam reforming of methanol, (c) onboard partial oxidation (POX) of hydrocarbon fuels derived from crude oil. We have developed a fuel cell vehicle model, including detailed models of onboards fuel processors. This allows us to compare the vehicle performance, fuel economy, weight, and cost for various vehicle parameters, fuel storage choices and driving cycles. The infrastructure requirements are also compared for gaseous hydrogen, methanol and gasoline, including the added costs of fuel production, storage, distribution and refueling stations. The delivered fuel cost, total lifecycle cost of transportation, and capital cost of infrastructure development are estimated for each alternative. Considering both vehicle and infrastructure issues, possible fuel strategies leading to the commercialization of fuel cell vehicles are discussed. (orig.)

Ogden, J.M.; Steinbugler, M.M.; Kreutz, T.G. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Center for Energy and Environmental Studies)

1999-06-01

124

The Swedish electric and hybrid vehicle R, D and D program. Seminar October 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This publication presents a selection of the ongoing projects in the form of abstracts, within the KFB RDD-program Electric- and Hybrid Vehicles. These projects were presented at a project manager seminar 20-21 October 1998

NONE

1998-12-01

125

Case Study of the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) Program from a Contracting Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research effort focused on the contracting history of the U.S. Marine Corps Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) Program. The research answered the primary question of what were the critical contracting decisions that have been made during the ...

R. R. Dalton

1998-01-01

126

Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A vehicle is described in which a pair of driving wheels are disposed on the left and right sides of a vehicle body frame. The vehicle consists of a power unit composed of an engine, laterally extending drive means in driving connection to the engine, and a pair of transmission devices on each side of the vehicle extending longitudinally and in driving connection to the drive means with the driving wheels connected to the extending ends of each transmission device to individually transmit power from the engine to the driving wheels, a casing for the entire power unit being formed into a rigid body. The casing supports both the driving wheels and both the transmission devices laterally outside the body frame. The casing is supported on the body frame to resiliently pivot about a lateral axis to allow resilient vertical movement of the driving wheels and the transmission devices.

Irimajiri, S.

1986-03-11

127

Development of an Autonomous Vehicle for Weed and Crop Registration  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The extension of information technology and computers on farming tools results in new possibilities for crop/weed handling. In this paper a system using an autonomous field robot (vehicle) able to make images in the field is described. In the recent farming has come to rely on intensive use of chemicals for crop protection. A way to reduce the consumption of chemicals is to use precision techniques for placing chemicals where they have an optimal effect with minimal quantity. An important part of this is to locate the weed for automatic selective spraying. A camera placed on a sprayer may be a solution but at present the image analysis technology does not have the capability for online analysis. An alternative way is to construct a weed map prior to the spraying. In order to avoid damage to the soil a light weight vehicle carrying a camera is an obvious choice. To minimize damage to the crop the free height of the vehicle being developed in this work has been set to 0.5 m. The size and weight of the vehicle implies a power consumption of max 1.5 kW making electrical motors suitable for propulsion and steering. To make the operation affordable the vehicle should be unmanned requiring a high degree of autonomy. The vehicle is part of an autonomous information system for crop and weed registration in fields which is developed at Aalborg University and The Danish Institute of Agricultural Science. The system consists of the vehicle and a stationary base station as well as a wireless communication system between the two. The base station is the main interface to the farmer. Based on farmer information a route plan for data collection is created in the base station and send to the vehicle. The vehicle collects field data using two cameras one determinates the total weed pressure and one determinates individual species. The weed data are transmitted to the base station where weed maps are calculated. The route plan is based on a grid calculated from a priori weed spatial density knowledge. The route plan consists of a set of field coordinates; at each coordinate vehicle operations are defined. This work is funded by The Danish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries and carried out by The Danish Institute of Agricultural Science, Research Centre Bygholm and Aalborg University in corporation with Sauer Danfoss A/S, Dronningborg A/S, Hardi International A/S and Eco-Dan. The University is responsible for the construction of the electronic part and the guidance system of the vehicle and the Agricultural Institute is responsible for the mechanical part, the image processing and the route planning. This paper focuses on the control, guidance and navigation system. A prototype platform with the dimensions of approximately 1x1x1 meters for testing the control and navigation part is described. Based on the prototype test results a new platform is under construction.

Pedersen, Tom SŘndergaard; Nielsen, Kirsten MŘlgaard

2002-01-01

128

Development and evaluation of an in-vehicle information system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper, the authors introduce an In-Vehicle Information System (IVIS) which will manage messages from a variety of Advanced Traveler Information Services (ATIS) devices which can be installed in a road vehicle. The IVIS serves as the interface between the driver and the driving information environment. Increasingly, aftermarket systems, such as routing and navigation aids, are becoming available which can be added to vehicles to aid in travel and/or the conduct of business in the vehicle. The installation of multiple devices, each with its own driver interface, increases the likelihood of driver distraction and thus the risk of an accident. The goal of this project is the development of a fully-integrated IVIS which will filter, prioritize and display highway and vehicle information safely and efficiently, while also providing an integrated driver interface to a variety of ATIS information sources. Because these devices will be integrated into IVIS as components, they are referred to in this paper as IVIS subsystems. Such a system, using modern digital technology, will tailor information both to the driver`s needs and to the driving environment. A variety of other efforts, both in the Us and abroad, either have been completed or are nearing completion, and the results of these efforts will be incorporated into this present system. IVIS must perform three high level functions (Tufano, et al, 1997). It must (1) interact with (ATIS) subsystems, (2) management information, and (3) interact with the driver. To safely develop and evaluate such a device, a platform must be devised which permits testing in an off-road setting.

Spelt, P.F.; Tufano, D.R.; Knee, H.E.

1997-04-01

129

Costs, benefits and methods of including tire inflation in state vehicle inspection programs. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The report presents information to help states include a tire inflation check in their existing and planned emissions, safety and combined safety and emissions inspection programs. It has been estimated that as much as 515 million gallons of gasoline are wasted in the United States each year due to improper tire inflation. Tire inflation if added to a state motor vehicle inspection program would help motorists increase vehicle fuel economy and reduce tire wear as well as improve safety. States adding tire inflation to inspection programs would be able to reduce the effective cost of their programs.

1981-09-01

130

Development of electric vehicle; Denki jidosha no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The State of California makes sales of ZEV (zero emission vehicle) obligatory from 1998 for car makers whose car sales reach or surpass a specified number of cars to foster research and development of electric vehicles (EV), and the measures to introduce them to the market have been strengthened. Honda started the basic study on EV from the latter half of 1980 and commenced its application study in the autumn of 1990. As a result, a CUV-4 was developed and its monitoring test has begun in California from the summer of 1994. The aims which Honda intended to have in developing this vehicle have been that it is able to cope sufficiently with the mixed traffic including the case in express highways, carry four people, be easily operated, equip with normal comfort devices, and be safe and highly reliable. Based thereupon a CUV-4, which can be used as a short distance commuter, has been developed. It is FF drive, has a light weight highly efficient DC brushless motor and its batteries have been arranged under the floor of the middle of the body. As a result of its running test, sufficient practical useability has been demonstrated, but it has been found its electric power consumption is unexpectedly large. 3 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Ogura, M.; Kawaguchi, Y. [Honda Research and Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan). Tochigi Lab.

1995-09-01

131

Advanced PEFC development for fuel cell powered vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Vehicles equipped with fuel cells have been developed with much progress. Outcomes of such development efforts include a Toyota fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) using hydrogen as the fuel which was developed and introduced in 1996, followed by another Toyota FCEV using methanol as the fuel, developed and introduced in 1997. In those Toyota FCEVs, a fuel cell system is installed under the floor of each RAV4L, to sports utility vehicle. It has been found that the CO concentration in the reformed gas of methanol reformer can be reduced to 100 ppm in wide ranges of catalyst temperature and gas flow rate, by using the ruthenium (Ru) catalyst as the CO selective oxidizer, instead of the platinum (Pt) catalyst known from some time ago. It has been also found that a fuel cell performance equivalent to that with pure hydrogen can be ensured even in the reformed gas with the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration of 100 ppm, by using the PT-Ru (plantinum ruthenium alloy) electrocatalyst as the anode electrocatalyst of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), instead of the PT electrocatalyst known from some time ago. (orig.)

Kawatsu, Shigeyuki [Toyota Motor Corp., Shizuoka (Japan). Higashifuji Technical Center

1998-03-15

132

Reusable launch vehicles, enabling technology for the development of advanced upper stages and payloads  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the near future there will be classes of upper stages and payloads that will require initial operation at a high-earth orbit to reduce the probability of an inadvertent reentry that could result in a detrimental impact on humans and the biosphere. A nuclear propulsion system, such as was being developed under the Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) Program, is an example of such a potential payload. This paper uses the results of a reusable launch vehicle (RLV) study to demonstrate the potential importance of a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) to test and implement an advanced upper stage (AUS) or payload in a safe orbit and in a cost effective and reliable manner. The RLV is a horizontal takeoff and horizontal landing (HTHL), two-stage-to-orbit (TSTO) vehicle. The results of the study shows that an HTHL is cost effective because it implements airplane-like operation, infrastructure, and flight operations. The first stage of the TSTO is powered by Rocket-Based-Combined-Cycle (RBCC) engines, the second stage is powered by a LOX/LH rocket engine. The TSTO is used since it most effectively utilizes the capability of the RBCC engine. The analysis uses the NASA code POST (Program to Optimize Simulated Trajectories) to determine trajectories and weight in high-earth orbit for AUS/advanced payloads. Cost and reliability of an RLV versus current generation expandable launch vehicles are presented.

1998-01-15

133

The development of downsized low current relay for electric vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The promotion of electric vehicle and hybrid vehicle development, including fuel cells, intensifies as the concerns over the environment and energy conservation grow. The capability to control direct current and high voltage requires the use of relays. As there is no zero point in direct current, it is difficult to break, especially when cutting off a high voltage by conventional air break switch. In those cases, a larger device is necessary. To address these issues, the authors developed a new relay with encapsulated contacts filled with hydrogen, and a mechanism of magnetically blowing out arcs. The hydrogen in the capsule is used to cool the arc strongly and make the arc voltage high. This relay features small size, light weight, low operation noise, safety, and high contact reliability while achieving good controlling capability of 400VDC. It can be used in applications such as subsystems of air-conditioner, heater and the likes and for precharging the capacitor. tabs., figs.

Ito, M.; Yoshitani, K.; Hirabavashi, A. [Matsushita Electric Works Ltd. (Japan)

2000-07-01

134

Developement of the superconducting Maglev vehicles on Yamanashi test line  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have been developing the superconducting Maglev systems since 1962. Many experiments on Miyazaki Test Track by Maglev vehicles of ML500, MLU001 and MLU002 provided much basic and valuable data. The newest experiments by MLU002N are going well now. We have been constructing a full scale test track of `Yamanashi Test Line` to develop and establish the necessary technologies. That is the last stage for confirming the possibility of commercialization of Maglev systems. There are two train sets which can run at a speed of over 500 km/h (maximum test speed of 550 km/h). The first train set is a 3-car unit and the second is a 5-car unit. The first one was completed in the spring of 1995. Outlined here are Maglev vehicles of the first train set on Yamanashi Test Line. (orig.)

Takao, K. [Maglev Systems Development Dept., Railway Technical Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan); Yoshimura, M. [Maglev Systems Development Dept., Railway Technical Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan); Tagawa, N. [Maglev Systems Development Dept., Railway Technical Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan); Matsudaira, Y. [Maglev Systems Development Dept., Railway Technical Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan); Nagano, K. [Maglev Systems Development Dept., Railway Technical Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan); Inoue, A. [Linear Express Research Development Div., Central Japan Railway Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1995-12-31

135

Development of a continuously variable transmission (CVT) for commercial vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An efficient Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) for commercial vehicles is under development, based on the rolling traction drive principle. A CVT allows fuel-efficient operation of all automotive power units, giving significant fuel consumption benefits. The advent of electronically controlled fuel injection equipment provides further opportunities for fuel savings. This is achieved by confining the engine operation to areas of optimum specific fuel consumption and the main features are described in this paper.

Lambert, D.R.

1988-04-01

136

Development and applications of GREET 2.7 -- The Transportation Vehicle-CycleModel.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Argonne National Laboratory has developed a vehicle-cycle module for the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model. The fuel-cycle GREET model has been cited extensively and contains data on fuel cycles and vehicle operations. The vehicle-cycle model evaluates the energy and emission effects associated with vehicle material recovery and production, vehicle component fabrication, vehicle assembly, and vehicle disposal/recycling. With the addition of the vehicle-cycle module, the GREET model now provides a comprehensive, lifecycle-based approach to compare the energy use and emissions of conventional and advanced vehicle technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles). This report details the development and application of the GREET 2.7 model. The current model includes six vehicles--a conventional material and a lightweight material version of a mid-size passenger car with the following powertrain systems: internal combustion engine, internal combustion engine with hybrid configuration, and fuel cell with hybrid configuration. The model calculates the energy use and emissions that are required for vehicle component production; battery production; fluid production and use; and vehicle assembly, disposal, and recycling. This report also presents vehicle-cycle modeling results. In order to put these results in a broad perspective, the fuel-cycle model (GREET 1.7) was used in conjunction with the vehicle-cycle model (GREET 2.7) to estimate total energy-cycle results.

Burnham, A.; Wang, M. Q.; Wu, Y.

2006-12-20

137

Development and applications of GREET 2.7 -- The Transportation Vehicle-Cycle Model  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Argonne National Laboratory has developed a vehicle-cycle module for the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model. The fuel-cycle GREET model has been cited extensively and contains data on fuel cycles and vehicle operations. The vehicle-cycle model evaluates the energy and emission effects associated with vehicle material recovery and production, vehicle component fabrication, vehicle assembly, and vehicle disposal/recycling. With the addition of the vehicle-cycle module, the GREET model now provides a comprehensive, lifecycle-based approach to compare the energy use and emissions of conventional and advanced vehicle technologies (e.g., hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles). This report details the development and application of the GREET 2.7 model. The current model includes six vehicles--a conventional material and a lightweight material version of a mid-size passenger car with the following powertrain systems: internal combustion engine, internal combustion engine with hybrid configuration, and fuel cell with hybrid configuration. The model calculates the energy use and emissions that are required for vehicle component production; battery production; fluid production and use; and vehicle assembly, disposal, and recycling. This report also presents vehicle-cycle modeling results. In order to put these results in a broad perspective, the fuel-cycle model (GREET 1.7) was used in conjunction with the vehicle-cycle model (GREET 2.7) to estimate total energy-cycle results

2006-01-01

138

Design, Development and Testing of Underwater Vehicles: ITB Experience  

CERN Multimedia

The last decade has witnessed increasing worldwide interest in the research of underwater robotics with particular focus on the area of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The underwater robotics technology has enabled human to access the depth of the ocean to conduct environmental surveys, resources mapping as well as scientific and military missions. This capability is especially valuable for countries with major water or oceanic resources. As an archipelagic nation with more than 13,000 islands, Indonesia has one of the most abundant living and non-organic oceanic resources. The needs for the mapping, exploration, and environmental preservation of the vast marine resources are therefore imperative. The challenge of the deep water exploration has been the complex issues associated with hazardous and unstructured undersea and sea-bed environments. The paper reports the design, development and testing efforts of underwater vehicle that have been conducted at Institut Teknologi Bandung. Key technology areas...

Muljowidodo, Said D; Budiyono, Agus; Nugroho, Sapto A

2008-01-01

139

Child Development Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Instruction replaces Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 6060.1 and establishes policies, assigns responsibilities, and prescribes standards and operational requirements for child development services for eligible minor children of DoD military an...

A. Mahboubi

1989-01-01

140

Fully fueled TACOM vehicle storage test program. Final report Oct 80-Dec 81  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the results of a program to monitor the quality of fuel stored at ambient conditions in newly built M60-A3 battle tanks. The vehicles were in storage for up to two years. The fuel tanks in the vehicles were filled with diesel fuel to reduce fuel system deterioration and to allow the vehicles to be exercised at regular intervals. The fuel was treated with a stabilizer-additive package to reduce fuel degradation, and with a biocide to prevent any microbiological growth in the fuel system. Selected vehicles were sampled at 3-month intervals, and the fuel samples were analyzed at AFLRL. Test results showed that the fuel remained clean and stable throughout the storage period. No fuel-related problems were encountered with operation of the vehicles either at TACOM or at the user's location upon receipt.

Westbrook, S.R.; Stavinoha, L.L.; Bundy, L.L.

1981-12-01

 
 
 
 
141

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Today, new ideas and opportunities, fostering the advancement of technology, are occurring at an ever-increasing rate. It, therefore, seems appropriate that a vehicle be available which fosters the development of these new ideas and technologies, promotes the early exploration and exploitation of creative and innovative concepts, and which develops new fundable'' R D projects and programs. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), one such method is through its Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program. This discretionary research and development tool is critical in maintaining the scientific excellence and vitality of the Laboratory. Additionally, it is a means to stimulate the scientific community, fostering new science and technology ideas, which is the major factor achieving and maintaining staff excellence, and a means to address national needs, with the overall mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The Project Summaries with their accomplishments described in this report reflect the above. Aside from leading to new fundable or promising programs and producing especially noteworthy research, they have resulted in numerous publications in various professional and scientific journals, and presentations at meetings and forums.

Ogeka, G.J.

1991-12-01

142

The Biodenitrification Development Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) conducted a pilot-plant program in support of the fluidized-bed biodenitrification system currently under construction by Westinghouse, Inc., at the Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC) in Fernald, Ohio. Two 0.1-m-diam bioreactors in series, each with ?6.1 m of active bed height, and a single 12.2-m-high, 0.1-m-diam fluidized-bed bioreactor were operated to simulate the larger bioreactors (four 1.2-m-diam bioreactors each with 12.2 m of active bed height to be operated in series) under construction at Fernald. These pilot systems were used to verify the Fernald design as well as to identify and attempt to solve any problems that might affect the full-scale system. Results of studies with FMPC wastewater having nitrate levels as high as 10 g/L indicate that the Fernald bioreactors probably cannot operate on untreated wastewater because of its high calcium concentration. When the pilot-plant system was tested with raw wastewater having calcium concentrations ranging from 100 to 450 mg/L, the bioreactors ceased to function within 5 weeks after startup due to the buildup of calcium carbonate on the bioparticles. However, Fernald wastewater has been softened at ORNL and successfully biodenitrified. The results obtained to date indicate that the biodenitrification rate used in the design of the Fernald bioreactors, 32 kg (NO3-N)/d x m3, may be achieved or exceeded; however, pH adjustment within the bioreactors may be necessary. The temperature rise may be as high as 40C in each bioreactor due to the exothermic nature of the biodenitrification reaction. Under limiting adiabatic conditions, the overall temperature rise through four columns could be 15 to 200C. Thus, some kind of temperature control will probably be necessary to achieve optimal performance. 12 refs., 21 figs., 6 tabs

1987-01-01

143

Robotics development programs overview  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper discusses the applications of robotics at the Westinghouse Savannah River Site. The Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) continues to provide support to the Savannah River Site (SRS) in many areas of Robotics and Remote Vision. An overview of the current and near term future developments are presented. The driving forces for Robotics and Vision developments at SRS include the classic reasons for industrial robotics installation (i.e. repetitive and undesirable jobs) and those reasons related to radioactive environments. Protection of personnel from both radiation and radioactive contamination benefit greatly from both Robotics and Telerobotics. Additionally, the quality of information available from remote locations benefits greatly from the ability to visually monitor and remotely sense. The systems discussed include a glovebox waste handling and bagout robot, a shielded cells robot for radioactive waste sample transfer, waste handling gantry robots, a two armed master/slave manipulator as an attachment to a gantry robot, navigation robot research/testing, demonstration of the mobile underwater remote cleaning and inspection device, a camera deployment robot to support remote crane operations and for deployment of radiation sensors directly over a hazardous site, and demonstration of a large mobile robot for high radiation environments. Development of specialized and limited life vision/viewing systems for hazardous environments is also discussed.

Heckendorn, F.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)

1990-11-01

144

Developing a successful hospitalist program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In 1998, St. Vincent's Hospital in Santa Fe, New Mexico, became one of the first hospitals to develop a hospitalist program. The administration and physicians discovered critical elements that must be built to achieve success.

Frank GD; Gonzales D

2002-11-01

145

Lunar exploration rover program developments  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Robotic All Terrain Lunar Exploration Rover (RATLER) design concept began at Sandia National Laboratories in late 1991 with a series of small, proof-of-principle, working scale models. The models proved the viability of the concept for high mobility through mechanical simplicity, and eventually received internal funding at Sandia National Laboratories for full scale, proof-of-concept prototype development. Whereas the proof-of-principle models demonstrated the mechanical design`s capabilities for mobility, the full scale proof-of-concept design currently under development is intended to support field operations for experiments in telerobotics, autonomous robotic operations, telerobotic field geology, and advanced man-machine interface concepts. The development program`s current status is described, including an outline of the program`s work over the past year, recent accomplishments, and plans for follow-on development work.

Klarer, P.R.

1993-09-01

146

Vehicle Transient Air Conditioning Analysis: Model Development& System Optimization Investigations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a transient air conditioning (A/C) system model using SINDA/FLUINT analysis software. It captures all the relevant physics of transient A/C system performance, including two-phase flow effects in the evaporator and condenser, system mass effects, air side heat transfer on the condenser/evaporator, vehicle speed effects, temperature-dependent properties, and integration with a simplified cabin thermal model. It has demonstrated robust and powerful system design optimization capabilities. Single-variable and multiple variable design optimizations have been performed and are presented. Various system performance parameters can be optimized, including system COP, cabin cool-down time, and system heat load capacity. This work presents this new transient A/C system analysis and optimization tool and shows some high-level system design conclusions reached to date. The work focuses on R-134a A/C systems, but future efforts will modify the model to investigate the transient performance of alternative refrigerant systems such as carbon dioxide systems. NREL is integrating its transient air conditioning model into NRELs ADVISOR vehicle system analysis software, with the objective of simultaneously optimizing A/C system designs within the overall vehicle design optimization.

Hendricks, T. J.

2001-06-01

147

NCG turbocompressor development program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Barber-Nichols, Pacific Gas and Electric and UNOCAL as an industry group applied for a DOE grant under the GTO to develop a new type of compressor that could be used to extract non-condensable gas (NCG) from the condensers of geothermal power plants. This grant (DE-FG07-951A13391) was awarded on September 20, 1995. The installation and startup of the turbocompressor at the PG&E Geysers Unit 11 is covered by this paper. The turbocompressor has operated several days at 17000rpm while the plant was producing 50 to 70 MW.

Nichols, K.E.

1997-12-31

148

Development of Pneumatic Aerodynamic Devices to Improve the Performance, Economics, and Safety of Heavy Vehicles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Under contract to the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) is developing and evaluating pneumatic (blown) aerodynamic devices to improve the performance, economics, stability and safety of operation of Heavy Vehicles. The objective of this program is to apply the pneumatic aerodynamic aircraft technology previously developed and flight-tested by GTRI personnel to the design of an efficient blown tractor-trailer configuration. Recent experimental results obtained by GTRI using blowing have shown drag reductions of 35% on a streamlined automobile wind-tunnel model. Also measured were lift or down-load increases of 100-150% and the ability to control aerodynamic moments about all 3 axes without any moving control surfaces. Similar drag reductions yielded by blowing on bluff afterbody trailers in current US trucking fleet operations are anticipated to reduce yearly fuel consumption by more than 1.2 billion gallons, while even further reduction is possible using pneumatic lift to reduce tire rolling resistance. Conversely, increased drag and down force generated instantaneously by blowing can greatly increase braking characteristics and control in wet/icy weather due to effective ''weight'' increases on the tires. Safety is also enhanced by controlling side loads and moments caused on these Heavy Vehicles by winds, gusts and other vehicles passing. This may also help to eliminate the jack-knifing problem if caused by extreme wind side loads on the trailer. Lastly, reduction of the turbulent wake behind the trailer can reduce splash and spray patterns and rough air being experienced by following vehicles. To be presented by GTRI in this paper will be results developed during the early portion of this effort, including a preliminary systems study, CFD prediction of the blown flowfields, and design of the baseline conventional tractor-trailer model and the pneumatic wind-tunnel model

2000-01-01

149

Development of Pneumatic Aerodynamic Devices to Improve the Performance, Economics, and Safety of Heavy Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Under contract to the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) is developing and evaluating pneumatic (blown) aerodynamic devices to improve the performance, economics, stability and safety of operation of Heavy Vehicles. The objective of this program is to apply the pneumatic aerodynamic aircraft technology previously developed and flight-tested by GTRI personnel to the design of an efficient blown tractor-trailer configuration. Recent experimental results obtained by GTRI using blowing have shown drag reductions of 35% on a streamlined automobile wind-tunnel model. Also measured were lift or down-load increases of 100-150% and the ability to control aerodynamic moments about all 3 axes without any moving control surfaces. Similar drag reductions yielded by blowing on bluff afterbody trailers in current US trucking fleet operations are anticipated to reduce yearly fuel consumption by more than 1.2 billion gallons, while even further reduction is possible using pneumatic lift to reduce tire rolling resistance. Conversely, increased drag and down force generated instantaneously by blowing can greatly increase braking characteristics and control in wet/icy weather due to effective ''weight'' increases on the tires. Safety is also enhanced by controlling side loads and moments caused on these Heavy Vehicles by winds, gusts and other vehicles passing. This may also help to eliminate the jack-knifing problem if caused by extreme wind side loads on the trailer. Lastly, reduction of the turbulent wake behind the trailer can reduce splash and spray patterns and rough air being experienced by following vehicles. To be presented by GTRI in this paper will be results developed during the early portion of this effort, including a preliminary systems study, CFD prediction of the blown flowfields, and design of the baseline conventional tractor-trailer model and the pneumatic wind-tunnel model.

Robert J. Englar

2000-06-19

150

Cereal fortification programs in developing countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Malnutrition is a major problem among children especially in the developing world. In most developing countries children show growth faltering between 6 and 24 months of age due to inadequate complementary feeding. Complementary foods are transitional foods given in addition to breast milk, following exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months, to meet the full nutritional requirements of the infant. Strategies to improve the availability of and accessibility to low cost complementary foods can play an important role in improving the nutritional status of infants and young children. Cereals constitute the most suitable vehicle for delivering micronutrients to an at-risk population because of their widespread consumption, stability and versatility. To reduce the vulnerability to the health impacts of micronutrient deficiencies, several developed and developing countries have adopted various innovative, cost-effective strategies to fortify cereal-based complementary foods and to reach children through public programs. This article reviews cereal fortification programs in developing countries, with special reference to low cost fortified complementary foods, and emphasizes the need for public-private-civic sector initiatives to improve the health and wellbeing of people around the world. PMID:17664899

Bulusu, Saraswati; Laviolette, Luc; Mannar, Venkatesh; Reddy, Vinodini

2007-01-01

151

China’ New Energy Passenger Vehicle Development Scenario Analysis Based on Life Time Cost Modelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Based on the analysis on the development trend of vehicle technology, vehicle price, vehicle fuel economy and fuel supply price, the new energy vehicle (NEV) passenger car development scale is projected on different scenario with the application of life time cost model. Three scenarios are set to find electric vehicle (EV) and fuel cell vehicle (FCV) development potential in future to their pessimistic and optimistic assumptions in China. The results are demonstrated: 1) NEV development needs a long time due to high initial cost for vehicle buyer; 2) EV will develop quickly under if there is quick development of battery technology; and 3) FCV can only develop in a large scale in 20 - 30 years even in the optimistic scenario.

Xunmin Ou; Qian Zhang; Xu Zhang; Xiliang Zhang

2013-01-01

152

Product and market changes expected in view of the Motor Vehicle/Mineral Oil Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the beginning of this decade the European Motor Vehicle/Mineral Oil Program was initiated by the European Commission to develop strategies and measures for further road traffic air pollution abatement in preparation for the time after 2000. The effects of several measures on improvements in air pollution abatement and air quality were investigated, and a comparative cost-benefit analysis was made. The most cost-effective variant of the gloabal and local measures suggested will be chosen to reach the EU air quality objectives. For the first time, measures and regulations will not be fixed considering the state of the art while neglecting the cost. Emphasis will be on the most cost-effective measures that comply with the latest scientific knowledge and meet the requirements of economic efficiency. (orig./UA).

1996-02-09

153

Development of an unmanned aerial vehicle-based remote sensing system for site-specific management in precision agriculture  

Science.gov (United States)

An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) can be remotely controlled or fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans or more complex dynamic automation systems. In agriculture, UAVs have been used for pest control and remote sensing. The objective of this research was to develop a UAV system to en...

154

Development of quick charging system for electric vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Despite low environmental impact and high energy efficiency, electric vehicles (EV) have not been widely accepted. The lack of charging infrastructure is one reason. Since lithium-ion battery has high energy density and low internal resistance that allows quick charging, the convenience of EV may be greatly improved if charging infrastructure is prepared adequately. TEPCO aims for EV spread to reduce CO2 emissions and to increase demand for electric power, and has developed quick charging system for fleet-use EV to improve the convenience of EV. And based on research results, we will propose desirable characteristics of quick charger for public use.

Anegawa, Takafumi

2010-09-15

155

Development of a prototype specialist shuttle vehicle for chipped woodfuel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report gives details of a project to develop and test a specialist chip shuttle vehicle for conveying woodchips out of the forest with the aim of reducing the cost of woodfuel production. The design objectives are described and include the need to allow easy transfer of the chips from the chipper to the shuttle and on into haulage units, good performance and manoeuvrability on and off roads, and high-tip capacity. Estimates of the improved production and reduced woodfuel production costs are discussed along with the anticipated satisfactory operation of the chipper-shuttle combination in a forestry site.

NONE

2003-06-01

156

Greenhouse Emission Reductions and Natural Gas Vehicles: A Resource Guide on Technology Options and Project Development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Accurate and verifiable emission reductions are a function of the degree of transparency and stringency of the protocols employed in documenting project- or program-associated emissions reductions. The purpose of this guide is to provide a background for law and policy makers, urban planners, and project developers working with the many Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction programs throughout the world to quantify and/or evaluate the GHG impacts of Natural Gas Vehicle (NGVs). In order to evaluate the GHG benefits and/or penalties of NGV projects, it is necessary to first gain a fundamental understanding of the technology employed and the operating characteristics of these vehicles, especially with regard to the manner in which they compare to similar conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the first two sections of this paper explain the basic technology and functionality of NGVs, but focus on evaluating the models that are currently on the market with their similar conventional counterparts, including characteristics such as cost, performance, efficiency, environmental attributes, and range. Since the increased use of NGVs, along with Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFVs) in general, represents a public good with many social benefits at the local, national, and global levels, NGVs often receive significant attention in the form of legislative and programmatic support. Some states mandate the use of NGVs, while others provide financial incentives to promote their procurement and use. Furthermore, Federal legislation in the form of tax incentives or procurement requirements can have a significant impact on the NGV market. In order to implement effective legislation or programs, it is vital to have an understanding of the different programs and activities that already exist so that a new project focusing on GHG emission reduction can successfully interact with and build on the experience and lessons learned of those that preceded it. Finally, most programs that deal with passenger vehicles--and with transportation in general--do not address the climate change component explicitly, and thus there are few GHG reduction goals that are included in these programs. Furthermore, there are relatively few protocols that exist for accounting for the GHG emissions reductions that arise from transportation and, specifically, passenger vehicle projects and programs. These accounting procedures and principles gain increased importance when a project developer wishes to document in a credible manner, the GHG reductions that are achieved by a given project or program. Section four of this paper outlined the GHG emissions associated with NGVs, both upstream and downstream, and section five illustrated the methodology, via hypothetical case studies, for measuring these reductions using different types of baselines. Unlike stationary energy combustion, GHG emissions from transportation activities, including NGV projects, come from dispersed sources creating a need for different methodologies for assessing GHG impacts. This resource guide has outlined the necessary context and background for those parties wishing to evaluate projects and develop programs, policies, projects, and legislation aimed at the promotion of NGVs for GHG emission reduction.

Orestes Anastasia; NAncy Checklick; Vivianne Couts; Julie Doherty; Jette Findsen; Laura Gehlin; Josh Radoff

2002-09-01

157

High-occupancy-vehicle-system development in the United States  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The report describes the development of high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) projects and facilities in the United States. The report notes that at present over 20 urban areas in all parts of the U.S. are either operating or developing HOV lanes; nearly 40 separate HOV projects are now in operation. This amounts to approximately 340 miles of HOV facilities built at a cost of about $1.5 billion in 1988 dollars. If only projects under development now are completed in the 1990's, roughly $3 billion will be spent on HOV development during the decade, and 850 miles of HOV lanes will be operating by the turn of the century.

Christiansen, D.L.

1990-12-01

158

Hydrogen engine development: Experimental program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the continuing development of a hydrogen fueled IC engine optimized for application to a generator set or hybrid vehicle, experiments were performed at Sandia National Laboratories on two engine configurations. The intent is to maximize thermal efficiency while complying with strict emissions standards. The initial investigation was conducted utilizing a spark ignited 0.491 liter single cylinder Onan engine and has progressed to a spark ignited 0.850 liter modified for single cylinder operation Perkins engine. Both combustion chamber geometries were {open_quotes}pancake{close_quotes} shaped and achieved a compression ratio of 14:1. The engines were operated under premixed conditions. The results demonstrate that both engines can comply with the California Air Resources Board`s proposed Equivalent Zero Emission Vehicle standards for NO{sub x} during operation at an equivalence ratio of 0.4. The Onan engine achieved an indicated thermal efficiency of 43% at 1800 RPM, as determined by integration of the pressure-volume relationships. Initial experiments with the larger displacement Perkins engine have realized a gain, relative to the Onan engine, in indicated thermal efficiency of 2% at 1800 RPM, and 15% at 1200 RPM.

Van Blarigan, P. [Sandia National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States)

1996-10-01

159

Consumer behavior towards fuel efficient vehicles. Volume IV: operating instructions and program documentation for the CS vehicle choice simulation model. Final report, October 1977-September 1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The report assesses consumer behavior towards fuel-efficient vehicles designed to meet recently mandated federal fuel economy standards. The study involves a comprehensive evaluation of existing nationwide survey data as well as the development of a major new econometric forecasting model of household vehicle type choice. As a result, the report describes both an assessment of consumers' current reported sentiments toward fuel-efficient vehicles and insights into expected future changes in household vehicle purchase behavior in response to changes in vehicle designs and prices, demographics, and the energy environment.

Ginn, J.R.; Berkovec, J.A.

1980-09-01

160

ODIS the under-vehicle inspection robot: development status update  

Science.gov (United States)

Unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) technology can be used in a number of ways to assist in counter-terrorism activities. Robots can be employed for a host of terrorism deterrence and detection applications. As reported in last year"s Aerosense conference, the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and Utah State University (USU) have developed a tele-operated robot called ODIS (Omnidirectional Inspection System) that is particularly effective in performing under-vehicle inspections at security checkpoints. ODIS" continuing development for this task is heavily influenced by feedback received from soldiers and civilian law enforcement personnel using ODIS-prototypes in an operational environment. Our goal is to convince civilian law enforcement and military police to replace the traditional "mirror on a stick" system of looking under cars for bombs and contraband with ODIS. This paper reports our efforts in the past one year in terms of optimizing ODIS for the visual inspection task. Of particular concern is the design of the vision system. This paper documents details on the various issues relating to ODIS" vision system sensor, lighting, image processing, and display.

Freiburger, Lonnie A.; Smuda, William; Karlsen, Robert E.; Lakshmanan, Sridhar; Ma, Bing

2003-09-01

 
 
 
 
161

Business Development Executive (BDE) Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The IPST BDE (Institute of Paper Science and Technology Business Development Executive) program was initiated in 1997 to make the paper industry better aware of the new manufacturing technologies being developed at IPST for the U.S. pulp and paper industry's use. In April 2000, the BDE program management and the 20 BDEs, all retired senior level industry manufacturing and research executives, were asked by Ms. Denise Swink of OIT at DOE to take the added responsibility of bringing DOE developed energy conservation technology to the paper industry. This project was funded by a DOE grant of $950,000.

Rice, E.J. " Woody" ; Frederick, W. James

2005-12-05

162

MARS Development Program and Progress  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] MARS (Multi-dimensional Analysis of Reactor Safety) code is being developed by KAERI for the realistic thermal-hydraulic system analysis of light water reactor transients. The MARS development program consists of two stages of code development. MARS 1.4 is a unified code of RELAPS and COBRA-TF and has been developed as a basic code frame for the multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulic system analysis. And, MARS 2.x is being developed as a multi-purpose system analysis code for the coupled analysis of multi-dimensional system thermal-hydraulics, 3D core kinetics, CHF and containment. This paper discusses the MARS development program and the progress focusing on the new features of the code, that is, code unification, code modernization and restructuring, code assessment and code coupling. It also briefly introduces KAERI experimental activities for T/H model development and safety confirmation. (authors)

2001-05-23

163

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Task I accomplishments of the jointly funded Ford/DOE Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program are detailed. This task was directed at achieving 20.6 MPG (gasoline) fuel economy for a 4500 lb inertia weight Stirling engine-powered passenger car. The results of engine testing and design, power control, fuel economy projections, and component design and development are discussed.

Kitzner, E.W.

1980-03-01

164

Environmental Education and Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Environmental Education and Development Program is a component on the effort to accomplish the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management`s (EM) goal of environmental compliance and cleanup of the 1989 inventory of inactive DOE sites and facilities by the year 2019. Education and Development programs were designed specifically to stimulate the knowledge and workforce capability necessary to achieve EM goals while contributing to DOE`s overall goal of increasing scientific and technical literacy and competency. The primary implementation criterion for E&D activities involved a focus on programs and projects that had both immediate and long-range leveraging effects on infrastructure. This focus included programs that yielded short term results (one to five years), as well as long-term results, to ensure a steady supply of appropriately trained and educated human resources, including women and minorities, to meet EM`s demands.

1994-03-01

165

An evaluation of the LPG vehicles program in the metropolitan area of Mexico City.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The environmental agency in the metropolitan area of Mexico City has launched a program to introduce more energy-efficient modes of transport, one of which is the use of alternative and less polluting fuels. With the perspective in mind, a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) fleet of vehicles is exempt of the mandatory "one day without a car" program if the emission of pollutants is below the standard authorized for that specific purpose. Today, about 28,000 light-duty vehicles and heavy-duty trucks circulate in the area, most of them as aftermarket converted vehicles. In this work, we evaluated regulated exhaust emission and other parameters on 134 representative vehicles of that fleet. From the data obtained, an estimate of emission factors and their contribution to the global emission in the metropolitan area is provided. It is concluded that more than 95% of the in-use vehicles using LPG presented regulated emissions which exceeded in one or more the environmental regulations values required for certification. The poor maintenance of the vehicles and the type of conversion kit installed could be the culprits of the results obtained.

Schifter I; Díaz L; López-Salinas E; Rodríguez R; Avalos S; Guerrero V

2000-02-01

166

Mission Programming: Application to the Distribution of Empty Vehicles in the PRAXITELE Project  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this paper, advanced mission programmingissues for autonomous vehicles are addressed.We describe the use of structural specificationand formal verification in experiments involvingthe PRAXITELE project's autonomous vehicles.The environment used, called Orccad, proposesa coherent approch from hight-level specificationof missions down to its implementation,by harmoniously integration discrete and continuousaspects. Verification tools, based on theuse of synchronous languages for the reactive partof the system are also used in the programmingenvironment. The goal of the programmed missionis to redistribue a number of empty vehicles,employing only one driver. When a vehicle hasreached its destination, it can break away fromthe platoon and parallel park all by itself. Theplatooning technique is based on vision with alinear camera and the parallel parking techniqueis based on ultra-sound. The chaining of the platooningand the parking is decided by the trainconductor using a radio system.1

Sofiane Abdou; Michel Parent; Bernard Espiau; Inria Bp

167

Development of a hybrid pneumatic-power vehicle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Many complex technologies have been developed and applied to improve the energy efficiency and exhaust emission of an engine under different driving conditions. The overall thermal efficiency of an internal-combustion engine, however, can be maintained at only about 20-30%, with aggravated problems in the design and development, such as overall difficulty, excessive time consumption or excessively high cost. For electric cars, there is still no major technological breakthrough for the rapid recharging of a large capacity battery and detection of remaining power in it. Although all currently available hybrid-power engines are able to lower the amount of exhaust emissions and the fuel consumption of the engine, they are still unable to achieve a stable and optimal running condition immediately after ignition; hence the engine's thermal-efficiency remains low. To solve the aforementioned problems, an innovative concept - a hybrid pneumatic power-system (HPPS), which stores 'flow work' instead of storing electrochemical energy of the battery - is introduced. This innovative power system not only ensures that the internal-combustion ensures optimally but also recycles the exhaust flow to propel the vehicle. The optimization of the internal-combustion and recycling of the exhaust energy can increase the vehicle's efficiency from an original 15% to 33%, an overall increase of 18%

2005-01-01

168

Research and development program 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this report the research and development program of the GSI Darmstadt is described. It concerns heavy ion reactions, nuclear structure studies, exotic nuclei, nuclear theory, atomic collisions with heavy ions, atomic spectroscopy, the interaction of heavy ions with matter, atomic theory, biological studies with heavy ions, nuclear track techniques, UNILAC developments, acquisition of experimental data, and the development of new accelerators, ion sources, targets, and detectors. (HSI).

1984-01-01

169

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28

170

[Electric and hybrid vehicle site operators program]: Thinking of the future  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kansas State University, with funding support from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the Department of Energy's Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Through participation in this program, Kansas State is displaying, testing, and evaluating electric or hybrid vehicle technology. This participation will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid vans and two (2) electric cars during the first two years of this five-year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1993 Ford EVcort station wagons. The G-Van has been signed in order for the public to be aware that this is an electric drive vehicle. Financial participants' names have been stenciled on the back door of the van. This vehicle is available for short term loan to interested utilities and companies. When other vehicles are obtained, the G-Van will be maintained on K-State's campus.

1993-01-01

171

NLP reentry guidance - Developing a strategy for low L/D vehicles  

Science.gov (United States)

Problems in developing a strategy for design of a nonlinear programming (NLP) guidance algorithm for a low L/D reentry vehicle are discussed. The fundamental issue considered in the design of the guidance algorithm is the formulation of the mathematical description of the guidance problem for an NLP guidance algorithm. It is shown that properly defining the problem is of importance in being able to handle large atmospheric density and wind uncertainties. A method of solution is also presented along with results showing the effectiveness of the algorithm.

Cramer, Evin J.; Bradt, Jerre E.; Hardtla, John W.

172

Development of a new battery system for hybrid vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The new battery system which was developed for the Toyota Prius was described. The Toyota Prius was the first mass-produced hybrid electric-powered vehicle on the global market. It was introduced in 1997, demonstrating excellent fuel economy compared to gasoline vehicles. To date, more than 30,000 Prius cars have been sold world-wide. The battery has a rectangular module with six cells linked in series. Because of its' simple structure, where the modules are placed side by side, its overall size and weight are significantly reduced by 60 and 30 per cent respectively. To ensure heat dissipation, the module is thin with a wide surface area. The battery case is composed of plastic which is resistant to the alkaline electrolyte, electrical insulation between cells, formability of the modular shape and weight. The configuration of the new battery means that minimum amount of space is needed for cooling. Future efforts will concentrate on reducing the cost of the battery to facilitate its commercialization. figs.

Yamauchi, T.; Yoneda, S.; Kikuchi, Y.; Shoji, Y. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan). Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Engineering Div

2000-07-01

173

The Swedish electric and hybrid vehicle R, D and D program. Seminar no. 2, June 1999  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This publication presents a selection of the ongoing and finalised projects in form of abstracts, within the KFB RDD-program Electric- and Hybride Vehicles. These projects were presented at the second project manager seminar 14-15 June 1999. The first project manager seminar was held 20-21 October 1998

NONE

1999-09-01

174

CLF adaptive optics development program  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we present recent progress from the new CLF Adaptive Optics program including a new development laboratory and tests of a high damage threshold dielectric deformable mirror. The recently refurbished laboratory has versatile optical layout, multi wavelength, large beam diameter and large propagation distance (~10 m) for testing deformable mirrors up to 150 mm diameter, as well as manufacturing capabilities.

Boyle, A.; Parry, B.; Galimberti, M.; Hooker, C.; Vassilev, S.; Hernandez-Gomez, C.

2012-01-01

175

Electric and hybrid vehicle program; Site Operator Program. Quarterly progress report, January--March 1992 (Second quarter of fiscal year 1992)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Activities during the second quarter included the second meeting of the Site Operators in Phoenix, AZ in late April. The meeting was held in conjunction with the Solar and Electric 500 Race activities. Delivery of vehicles ordered previously has begun, although two of the operators are experiencing some delays in receiving their vehicles. Public demonstration activities continue, with an apparent increasing level of awareness and interest being displayed by the public. Initial problems with the Site Operator Database have been corrected and revised copies of the program have been supplied to the Program participants. Operating and Maintenance data is being supplied and submitted to INEL on a monthly basis. Interest in the Site Operator Program is being reflected in requests for information from several organizations from across the country, representing a wide diversity of interests. These organizations have been referred to existing Site Operators with the explanation that the program will not be adding new participants, but that most of the existing organizations are willing to work with other groups. The exception to this was the addition of Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) to the program. PEPCO has been awarded a subcontract to operate and maintain the DOE owned G-Van and Escort located in Washington, DC. They will provide data on these vehicles, as well as a Solectria Force which PEPCO has purchased. The Task Force intends to be actively involved in the infrastructure development in a wide range of areas. These include, among others, personnel development, safety, charging, and servicing. Work continues in these areas. York Technical College (YORK) has completed the draft outline for the EV Technician course. This is being circulated to organizations around the country for comments. Kansas State University (KSU) is working with a private sector company to develop a energy dispensing meter for opportunity charging in public areas.

Warren, J.F.

1992-05-01

176

Goal-programming model of the stochastic vehicle-routing problem  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This research proposes a Goal Programming (GP) model of the Stochastic Vehicle Routing Problem (SVRP). The SVRP examined considers the multiple-vehicle, single-depot-node routing problem in which customer demand and travel and unload times are random variables having known distribution functions. The problem formulation of the SVRP is divided into two major stages which are referred to as Route Construction Stage (RCS) and Route Improvement Stage (RIS). The RCS of the SVRP is required in order to partition a set of stations into feasible sets of routes, one for each vehicle, using an appropriate heuristic approach. The RIS of the problem is required in order to sequence the stations on each vehicle route to meet the customer's and decision maker's requirements by applying a GP method. Two problems discuss the GP formulation of the RIS, which is used for improving the arrangement of stations on each vehicle route based on the customer's and decision maker's criteria. The formulation of the RCS of the problem is divided into two sections according to the type of criteria that is to be minimized. A substantial improvement in the results of the SVRP can be obtained by integrating the customer's and decision maker's requirements with the SVRP in order to determine the final arrangement of stations for each vehicle route.

Zare-Mehrjerdi, Y.

1986-01-01

177

Motor vehicle emission inspection and maintenance program implementation in the Greater Vancouver Regional District and the lower mainland  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A motor vehicle emission inspection and maintenance (I/M) program is a system for the reduction of air pollution through mandatory testing of emissions and/or inspection of pollution control equipment to ensure that vehicles are properly maintained and have not been tampered with or misfuelled. The federal government has imposed stringent emission standards for both light and heavy duty motor vehicles at the point of manufacture in Canada or importation into Canada. A program for the testing and regulation of emissions from in-use motor vehicles is required to ensure full benefit from the public investment in emission control equipment on new vehicles. This report documents the findings of an I/M Implementation Task Force set up in May of 1989 to complete the preliminary design of a motor vehicle emission inspection and maintenance program for the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) and the areas in the Lower Mainland to the east of the GVRD.

1989-01-01

178

The Integrated Development System for Vehicle Control based on Seamless Connection between Hard and Software Implementation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper, establishes a complete vehicle model in MATLAB/Simulink development environment, constructs a vehicle control application using Stateflow, Generates C source code for a microcontroller with Real Time Workshop, builds object code for target CPU, develops an efficient seamless development system used in real-time hardware in the loop system, and validates the system practical performance at the final stage by the implementation of vehicle ABS system.

Xin ZHANG

2003-01-01

179

Developing a hospice bibliotherapy program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This bibliotherapy program is designed to enable the hospice patient and his or her support persons to share and explore feelings. These sharing sessions provide a safe, secure environment in which to share feelings and an opportunity for individuals to recognize how closely their feelings parallel others' feelings. The therapeutic value of understanding and accepting one's feelings exists even for those individuals who are never able to verbalize within the group setting. Emotional growth and development occurs for both the facilitator and the participants of the hospice bibliotherapy program and enriches all of their lives.

Gingerich BS

1986-10-01

180

Development of a methanol reformer for fuel cell vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Vehicles powered by fuel cells are from an environmental aspect superior to the traditional automobile using internal combustion of gasoline. Power systems which are based upon fuel cell technology require hydrogen for operation. The ideal fuel cell vehicle would operate on pure hydrogen stored on-board. However, storing hydrogen on-board the vehicle is currently not feasible for technical reasons. The hydrogen can be generated on-board using a liquid hydrogen carrier such as methanol and gasoline. The objective of the work presented in this thesis was to develop a catalytic hydrogen generator for automotive applications using methanol as the hydrogen carrier. The first part of this work gives an introduction to the field of methanol reforming and the properties of a fuel cell based power system. Paper I reviews the catalytic materials and processes available for producing hydrogen from methanol. The second part of this thesis consists of an experimental investigation of the influence of the catalyst composition, materials and process parameters on the activity and selectivity for the production of hydrogen from methanol. In Papers II-IV the influence of the support, carrier and operational parameters is studied. In Paper V an investigation of the catalytic properties is performed in an attempt to correlate material properties with performance of different catalysts. In the third part of the thesis an investigation is performed to elucidate whether it is possible to utilize oxidation of liquid methanol as a heat source for an automotive reformer. In the study which is presented in Paper VI a large series of catalytic materials are tested and we were able to minimize the noble metal content making the system more cost efficient. In the final part of this thesis the reformer prototype developed in the project is evaluated. The reformer which was constructed for serving a 5 k W{sub e} fuel cell had a high performance with near 100 % methanol conversion and CO concentrations below 1 vol.% in the product stream. The results of this part are presented in Paper VII.

Lindstroem, Baard

2003-03-01

 
 
 
 
181

H. R. 1538: This Act may be cited as the National Electric Vehicle Act of 1991, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, March 20, 1991  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This bill would establish a national electric vehicle research, demonstration, and commercialization program for the US to facilitate market forces that will result in wider use of electric vehicles. Sections describe the electric vehicle and battery research and development program (fuel cells and photovoltaics are included); the electric vehicle commercial demonstration program; and the electric vehicle infrastructure development program.

1991-01-01

182

Development of lithium air novel materials for electrical vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fluctuation of oil prices and effects of global warming have forced the scientific-technical community to look for the alternative energy storage and conversion systems, such as the smart grid. The maximum energy density of current lithium-ion batteries (LIB) is limited because of the intercalation chemistry of each electrode. Then actual LIBs are not fully satisfactory for the practical application of electric vehicles (EV). Therefore metal-air batteries have attracted much attention as a possible alternative, especially for the replacing of the diesel or gasoline, because of their energy density is extremely high compared to that of other rechargeable batteries and theoretically close to the energy density of the fossil energy. This technology leads to a very light dispositive where the limited intercalation chemistry is avoided. Li-air batteries are suitable for the development of the new generation of EVs. It is estimated that a well optimized Li-air battery can yield a specific energy of up to 3000 Wh/Kg, over a factor of 15 greater than the state of the art lithium ion batteries. Electrical cars today typically can travel only about 150 km on current LIB technology. The development of the lithium air batteries stands chance of being light enough to travel 800 km on a single charge and cheap enough to be practical for a typical family car. This problem is creating a significant barrier to electric vehicle adoption. However, the impact of this technology has so far fallen short of its potential due to several daunting challenges which must be overcome as the cyclability or the wide gap between the practical (362 Wh/kg) and the theoretical (11 kWh/g) values of the specific energy.

Aucher, Christophe; Knipping, E.; Amantia, D.; Almarza, A.; Faccini, M.; Gutierrez-Tauste, D.; Saez, J.A.; Aubouy, L. [Leitat Technological Center, Terrassa (Spain)

2012-07-01

183

Panorama 2011: The development of hybrid and electric vehicles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Car manufacturers are having to deal with increasingly stringent norms and customers who are increasingly demanding with respect to fuel savings. As a result, large numbers of them are now looking into solutions that involve electrifying their vehicles. Hybrid vehicles, some of which can be recharged, and electric vehicles are the new stars of the auto trade shows. But not all manufacturers are necessarily using the same strategies. (author)

2011-01-01

184

ADVANCED EMISSIONS CONTROL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary objective of the Advanced Emissions Control Development Program (AECDP) is to develop practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs, or air toxics) from coal-fired boilers. The project goal is to effectively control air toxic emissions through the use of conventional flue gas cleanup equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), fabric filters (baghouses), and wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) systems. Development work initially concentrated on the capture of trace metals, fine particulate, hydrogen chloride, and hydrogen fluoride. Recent work has focused almost exclusively on the control of mercury emissions.

G.A. Farthing

2001-02-06

185

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary objective of the Advanced Emissions Control Development Program (AECDP) is to develop practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs, or air toxics) from coal-fired boilers. This objective is being met by identifying ways to effectively control air toxic emissions through the use of conventional flue gas cleanup equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), fabric filters (fabric filters), and wet flue gas desulfurization (wet FGD) systems. Development work initially concentrated on the capture of trace metals, hydrogen chloride, and hydrogen fluoride. Recent work has focused almost exclusively on the control of mercury emissions.

G. A. Farthing; G. T. Amrhein; G. A. Kudlac; D. A. Yurchison; D. K. McDonald; M. G. Milobowski

2001-03-31

186

Severe accident code development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper summarizes the scope and status of the Severe Accident Code Development Program, which is part of the NRC Severe Fuel Damage and Source Term (SFD/ST) Research Program. The Program consists of the development and assessment of the state-of-the-art mechanistic computer codes: SCDAP/RELAP5 and MELPROG/TRAC. The SCDAP/RELAP5 code has been developed to make detailed analysis of the SFD/ST experiments and also to analyze the progression of the TMI-type recovered accidents in the reactor coolant system (RCS) of nuclear power plants. The code is currently operational on a CRAY-I computer and was used successfully to make a pretest prediction for the LOFT FP-2 core damage test with the entire RCS modeled. THe MELPROG/TRAC code is being developed to analyze severe accident progression in the RCS up to and including vessel failure. Code assessment and improvement for both codes will continue in the near future.

1986-01-01

187

Program to develop CANDU localization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A comprehensive study was carried out to confirm the feasibility of CANDU reactors in the Egyptian Nuclear Power program. The study was based on maximum local participation in the implementation stage as well as, self-sufficiency in nuclear fuel and heavy water during the life time of the reactor. A program to enhance and develop Egyptian localization capability with respect to CANDU project in particular and other power and non-power projects is being prepared. The program scope includes CANDU fuel fabrication, heavy water production and equipment manufacture. The fuel work consists of two phases; the first phase will cover the technology transfer for the CANDU 37-element fuel bundle design and advice to manufacture experimental fuel element for irradiation testing. The second phase will cover the fabrication of two complete fuel bundles including the development of inspection and quality procedures appropriate to the quality standards applied to CANDU-Fuel. The heavy water program is aimed to assess a number of options for establishment of a small heavy water plant. The assessment will identify the most favourable option and will recommend the steps for the realization of such option. The part of equipment manufacture focusses on identifying the types of equipment and components which constitute part in nuclear and non-nuclear power station, as well as, non-power projects. A plan for upgrading manufacturing facilities is outlined.

1988-01-01

188

Lightweight photovoltaic module development for unmanned aerial vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lightweight photovoltaic modules are being developed for powering high altitude unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Terrestrial crystalline silicon solar cell and module technologies are being applied to minimize module cost, with modifications to improve module specific power (W/kg) and power density (W/m{sup 2}). New module processes are being developed for assembling standard thickness (320 mm) and thin (125 mm) solar cells, thin (50 to 100 mm) encapsulant films, and thin (25 mm) cover films. In comparison, typical terrestrial modules use 300 to 400 mm thick solar cells, 460 mm thick encapsulants, and 3.2 mm thick glass covers. The use of thin, lightweight materials allows the fabrication of modules with specific powers ranging from 120 to 200 W/kg, depending on cell thickness and efficiency, compared to 15 W/kg or less for conventional terrestrial modules. High efficiency designs based on ultra-thin (5 mm) GaAs cells have also been developed, with the potential for achieving substantially higher specific powers. Initial design, development, and module assembly work is completed. Prototype modules were fabricated in sizes up to 45 cm x 99 cm. Module materials and processes are being evaluated through accelerated environmental testing, including thermal cycling, humidity-freeze cycling, mechanical cycling, and exposure to UV and visible light.

Nowlan, M.J.; Maglitta, J.C.; Lamp, T.R.

1998-07-01

189

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of the Advanced Emissions Control Development Program (AECDP) is to develop practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of air toxics from coal-fired boilers. Ideally, the project aim is to effectively control air toxic emissions through the use of conventional flue gas cleanup equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESPS), fabric filters (baghouse), and wet flue gas desulfurization. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate and hydrogen chloride. Following the construction and evaluation of a representative air toxics test facility in Phase I, Phase II focused on the evaluation of mercury and several other air toxics emissions. The AECDP is jointly funded by the United States Department of Energy's Federal Energy Technology Center (DOE), the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Department of Development (oCDO), and Babcock& Wilcox-a McDermott company (B&W).

A.P.Evans; K.E. Redinger; M.J. Holmes

1998-04-01

190

Results of Development of H-1 Launch Vehicle.  

Science.gov (United States)

The H-1 Launch Vehicle (three stage test flight) was launched at Tanegashima Space Center on August 27, 1987. The vehicle successfully injected the ETS-5 (Engineering Test Satellite-5) into geostationary transfer orbit 27 minutes after lift-off. The ETS-5...

Y. Haraguchi Y. Torano M. Ito

1987-01-01

191

Development of Deep Submergence Research Vehicle 'SHINKAI 6500'.  

Science.gov (United States)

The SHINKAI 6500, a manned submergence research vehicle for the Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (JAMSTEC), successfully marked 6,527 m dive in sea trials and was delivered to JAMSTEC on November 28, 1989. The vehicle is able to dive to 6,500 m ...

N. Nanba E. Nakamura H. Morihana N. Watanabe

1990-01-01

192

Wind Energy Career Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Saint Francis University has developed curriculum in engineering and in business that is meeting the needs of students and employers (Task 1) as well as integrating wind energy throughout the curriculum. Through a variety of approaches, the University engaged in public outreach and education that reached over 2,000 people annually (Task 2). We have demonstrated, through the success of these programs, that students are eager to prepare for emerging jobs in alternative energy, that employers are willing to assist in developing employees who understand the broader business and policy context of the industry, and that people want to learn about wind energy.

Gwen Andersen

2012-03-29

193

The ANL electric vehicle battery R D program for DOE-EHP  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Electrochemical Technology Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provides technical and programmatic support to DOE's Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division (DOE-EBP). The goal of DOE-EHP is to advance promising EV propulsion technologies to levels where industry will continue their commercial development and thereby significantly reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector of the US economy. In support of this goal, ANL provides research, development, testing/evaluation, post-test analysis, modeling, database management, and technical management of industrial R D contracts on advanced battery and fuel cell technologies for DOE-EBP. This report summarizes the objectives, background, technical progress, and status of ANL electric vehicle battery R D tasks for DOE-EHP during the period of October 1, 1990 through December 31, 1990. The work is organized into the following six task areas: 1.0 Project Management; 3.0 Battery Systems Technology; 4.0 Lithium/Sulfide Batteries; 5.0 Advanced Sodium/Metal Chloride Battery; 6.0 Aqueous Batteries; 7.0 EV Battery Performance/Life Evaluation.

1990-01-01

194

The ANL Electrichemical Program for DOE on electric vehicle R D  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Electrochemical Technology Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provides technical and programmatic support to DOE's Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division (DOE-EHP). The goal of DOE-EHP is to advance promising electric-vehicle (EV) propulsion technologies to levels where industry will continue their commercial development and thereby significantly reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector of the economy. In support of this goal, ANL provides research, development, testing/evaluation, post-test analysis, modeling, database management, and technical management of industrial R D contracts on advanced battery technologies for DOE-EHP. This report summarizes the battery-related activities undertaken during the period of July 1, 1992 through September 30, 1992. In this report, the objective, background, technical progress, and status are described for each task. The work is organized into the following task areas: Project Management and Coordination; Lithium/Sulfide Batteries; Advanced Sodium/Beta Batteries; Advanced Ambient-Temperature Batteries; and EV Battery Performance and Life Evaluation.

1992-01-01

195

The ANL electric vehicle battery R D program for DOE-EHP  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Electrochemical Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provides technical and programmatic support to DOE's Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division (DOE-EHP). The goal of DOE-EHP is to advance promising electric-vehicle (EV) propulsion technologies to levels where industry will continue their commercial development and thereby. significantly reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector of the economy. In support of this goal, ANL provides research, development, testing/evaluation, post-test analysis, modeling, database management, and technical management of industrial R D contracts on advanced battery and fuel cell technologies for DOE-EHP. This report summarizes the battery-related activities undertaken during the period of October 1, 1991 through March 31, 1992. In this report, the objective, background, technical progress, and status are described for each task. These tasks are structured into the following task areas: 1.0 Project Management and Coordination; 2.0 Lithium/Sulfide Batteries; 3.0 Advanced Sodium/Beta Batteries; 4.0 Advanced Ambient-Temperature Batteries; 5.0 EV Battery Performance and Life Evaluation.

1992-01-01

196

Light vehicle energy efficiency programs and their impact on Brazilian CO2 emissions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper analyses the impact of an energy efficiency program for light vehicles in Brazil on emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. Several energy efficiency programs for light vehicles around the world are reviewed. The cases of Japan and Europe were selected for presentation here given their status as current and future world leaders in the control of passenger vehicle fuel consumption. The launching of the National Climate Change Plan and the pressure on the Brazilian car industry due to the world financial crisis make it a good time for the Brazilian government to implement such a program, and its various benefits are highlighted in this study. Three scenarios are established for Brazil covering the 2000-2030 period: the first with no efficiency goals, the second with the Japanese goals applied with a 10 years delay, and the third, with the Japanese goals applied with no delay. The consequences of a vehicular efficiency program and its middle and long-term effects on the consumption of energy and the CO2 emissions are quantified and discussed. The simulation results indicate that efficiency goals may make an important contribution to reducing vehicular emissions and fuel consumption in Brazil, compared to a baseline scenario.

2010-01-01

197

Program summary for the Civilian Reactor Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Civilian Reactor Development Program document has the prime purpose of summarizing the technical programs supported by the FY 1983 budget request. This section provides a statement of the overall program objectives and a general program overview. Section II presents the technical programs in a format intended to show logical technical interrelationships, and does not necessarily follow the structure of the formal budget presentation. Section III presents the technical organization and management structure of the program.

None

1982-07-01

198

Development of Vehicle Lighting System Using LED Application  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A Light Emitting Diode (LED) is a semiconductor device which converts electricity into light. LEDs are preferred over incandescent lamps because of their long life and their availability in various colors and brightness levels. The aim of this paper is to present the development of vehicle lighting system using LED application. In this system, high power LEDs type is chosen as automobile headlight model and controller circuit using microcontroller is considered. The LEDs are driven using buck converter circuit with appropriate Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) signal whereby the PWM signals are generated by microcontroller. The system is divided into 2 modes of operation, manual and automatic. The automatic mode of operation will be operating when the LDR senses the level of light brightness whereby the level of brightness is proportion to duty cycle of PWM. Meanwhile, for the manual mode of operation, 3 switches which are SW2 with 20% duty cycle, SW3 with 40% duty cycle and SW3 with 80% duty cycle are developed. The result shows that the maximum brightness of LED is about 127.6 Lumen at 80% of duty cycle for manual operation mode. Besides, by varying theduty cycle of PWM signal for both modes of operation, manual and automatic, LED brightness can be controlled.

Asmarashid Ponniran; Azila Nor Azrani Mat Sor; Ariffuddin Joret; Handy Ali Munir

2011-01-01

199

Transition to hydrogen-based transportation in China: Lessons learned from alternative fuel vehicle programs in the United States and China  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper examines the experience of existing alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) programs in the US and China to provide insights into appropriate strategies for developing hydrogen vehicles and infrastructure in China. Although an increasing number of AFVs have been deployed in recent years, various factors have limited this progress, such as large sunk investments in conventional technologies, limited networks of refueling stations, the typically higher cost of AFVs, and the relatively low price of oil. Given these barriers, and additional barriers specific to hydrogen, a transition to hydrogen will be a slow process, and must be supported by both near- and long-term policies that have clear and measurable goals that take hydrogen beyond fleet applications into broader vehicle markets. Because a transition to hydrogen vehicles will not occur quickly, it is necessary for the government to have consistent and integrated transportation policies combining short- and long-term goals. These policies should draw upon resources from both governments and multinational companies to provide incentives for vehicle purchases, promote investment in infrastructure, and disseminate information to raise public awareness. Multinationals may find China to be an ideal testing ground for innovative hydrogen vehicles with appropriate incentive policies and programs.

Zhao Jimin [School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, 430 East University, Dana Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115 (United States)]. E-mail: jmzhao@umich.edu; Melaina, Marc W. [Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California Davis, Academic Surge, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)]. E-mail: melaina@ucdavis.edu

2006-07-15

200

Transition to hydrogen-based transportation in China: Lessons learned from alternative fuel vehicle programs in the United States and China  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper examines the experience of existing alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) programs in the US and China to provide insights into appropriate strategies for developing hydrogen vehicles and infrastructure in China. Although an increasing number of AFVs have been deployed in recent years, various factors have limited this progress, such as large sunk investments in conventional technologies, limited networks of refueling stations, the typically higher cost of AFVs, and the relatively low price of oil. Given these barriers, and additional barriers specific to hydrogen, a transition to hydrogen will be a slow process, and must be supported by both near- and long-term policies that have clear and measurable goals that take hydrogen beyond fleet applications into broader vehicle markets. Because a transition to hydrogen vehicles will not occur quickly, it is necessary for the government to have consistent and integrated transportation policies combining short- and long-term goals. These policies should draw upon resources from both governments and multinational companies to provide incentives for vehicle purchases, promote investment in infrastructure, and disseminate information to raise public awareness. Multinationals may find China to be an ideal testing ground for innovative hydrogen vehicles with appropriate incentive policies and programs. (author)

Zhao, Jimin [School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, 430 East University, Dana Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115 (United States); Melaina, Marc W. [Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California Davis, Academic Surge, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

2006-07-15

 
 
 
 
201

Federal Alternative Fuel Program Light Duty Vehicle Operations. Second annual report to Congress for fiscal year 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This annual report to Congress details the second year of the Federal light duty vehicle operations as required by Section 400AA(b)(1)(B) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended by the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988, Public Law 100-494. In 1992, the Federal alternative fuel vehicle fleet expanded significantly, from the 65 M85 (85 percent methanol and 15 percent unleaded gasoline) vehicles acquired in 1991 to an anticipated total of 3,267 light duty vehicles. Operating data are being collected from slightly over 20 percent, or 666, of these vehicles. The 601 additional vehicles that were added to the data collection program in 1992 include 75 compressed natural gas Dodge full-size (8-passenger) vans, 25 E85 (85 percent denatured ethanol and 15 percent unleaded gasoline) Chevrolet Lumina sedans, 250 M85 Dodge Spirit sedans (planned to begin operation in fiscal year 1993), and 251 compressed natural gas Chevrolet C-20 pickup trucks. Figure ES-1 illustrates the locations where the Federal light duty alternative fuel vehicles that are participating in the data collection program are operating. The primary criteria for placement of vehicles will continue to include air quality attainment status and the availability of an alternative fuel infrastructure to support the vehicles. This report details the second year of the Federal light duty vehicle operations, from October 1991 through September 1992.

1993-07-01

202

Development of Hyundai Motor Company hydrogen-fueled vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At HMC, fundamental research on the hydrogen fueled engine and vehicle has been carried out. For this engine, solenoid driven injector is used to supply gaseous hydrogen into the cylinder and various operating parameters have been changed to study the combustion characteristics of hydrogen. After these experiments on the engine, a hydrogen fueled vehicle has been constructed and it is controlled by an ECU. The amount of emission from the hydrogen vehicle with stoichiometric operation is less than 1/3 of the ULEV legislation.

Lee, S.J.; Yoon, K.J.; Han, B.H.; Lee, H.B.; Kwon, B.J.

1995-12-31

203

Program development fund: FY 1987  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is the objective of the Fund to encourage innovative research to maintain the Laboratory's position at the forefront of science. Funds are used to explore new ideas and concepts that may potentially develop into new directions of research for the Laboratory and that are consistent with the major needs, overall goals, and mission of the Laboratory and the DOE. The types of projects eligible for support from PDF include: work in forefront areas of science and technology for the primary purpose of enriching Laboratory research and development capabilities; advanced study of new hypotheses, new experimental concepts, or innovative approaches to energy problems; experiments directed toward ''proof of principle'' or early determination of the utility of a new concept; and conception, design analyses, and development of experimental devices, instruments, or components. This report is a review of these research programs.

1989-03-01

204

SIMPLEV: A simple electric vehicle simulation program, Version 1.0  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An electric vehicle simulation code which can be used with any IBM compatible personal computer was written. This general purpose simulation program is useful for performing parametric studies of electric vehicle performance on user input driving cycles. The program is run interactively and guides the user through all of the necessary inputs. Driveline components and the traction battery are described and defined by ASCII files which may be customized by the user. Scaling of these components is also possible. Detailed simulation results are plotted on the PC monitor and may also be printed on a printer attached to the PC. This report serves as a users` manual and documents the mathematical relationships used in the simulation.

Cole, G.H.

1991-06-01

205

Component development of hybrid electric vehicle; Hybrid denki jidosha wo sasaeru yoso gijutsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For the purpose of solving the incompatible problems of gasoline vehicles under limited electric energy condition of the battery for EV, such as exhaust emission control and fuel economy, many hybrid electric vehicles have recentry been proposed and some of them have already been on the market. This paper presents what kind of component development is needed for the hybrid vehicle power train and especially how `Prius` adopted them. (author)

Abe, S. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

1999-02-01

206

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

McDermott Technology, Inc. (MTI) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls may arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using the Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate, and the inorganic species, hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride.

A. P. Evans

1998-12-03

207

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

McDermott Technology, Inc. (MTI) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls may arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using the Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate, and hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride.

M. J. Holmes

1998-12-03

208

Development of Analytical Model for Modular Tank Vehicle Carrying Liquid Cargo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of dynamics of tank vehicles carrying liquid fuel cargo is complex. The forces and moments due to liquid sloshing create serious problems related to the instability of tank vehicles. In this paper, a complete analytical model of a modular tank vehicle has been developed. The model included all the vehicle systems and subsystems. Simulation results obtained using this model was compared with those obtained using the popular TruckSim software. The comparison proved the validity of the assumptions used in the analytical model and showed a good correlation under single or double lane change and turning manoeuvers.

M. Toumi; M. Bouazara; M. J. Richard

2013-01-01

209

Developing a career advancement program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Have you ever asked yourself, "What will I be doing five or ten years from now?" "Will I be doing the same thing I'm doing right now?" How would you feel if the answer were "yes"? I often wonder if any of my employees think the same thing. If they do, and the answer is "yes," just how does that make them feel? A day's work for managers can run the gamut--from billing and coding, to patient issues, to staff performance reviews, to CQI, to JCAHO-just to name a few. We're NEVER bored. Can we say the same of our employees, or do they do the same thing day in and day out? If so, it's no wonder that attitudes may become negative and motivation and productivity may decline. What are we as healthcare managers and administrators doing to value and continually train our employees so that staff morale, productivity and patient satisfaction remain high? What are we doing to keep those highly motivated employees motivated and challenged so that they don't get bored and want to move across town to our neighboring hospital or healthcare center? What are we doing to stop our employees from developing the "same job, different day" attitude? A Career Ladder program holds many benefits and opportunities for the motivated employee who seeks and needs additional challenges on the job. It affords them opportunities to learn new skills, demonstrate initiative, accept additional responsibilities and possibly advance into new positions. It also affords them opportunities to grow, to be challenged and to feel like an important and valued member of the radiology team and radiology department. For the manager, a Career Ladder program affords opportunities to retain valuable employees, attract new high-quality employees and maintain a workforce of well-trained highly motivated employees, which in turn will provide high quality products and services to our customers. A Career Ladder program is a "win-win" situation for everyone. For the last twelve months, I have been working with other managers in the department of diagnostic imaging at Yale-New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Conn., to develop a Career Ladder for all diagnostic imaging staff members, called the Career Advancement Program (CAP). The process has been time consuming and has required intense discussion and debate. The draft plan is for one CAP with multiple tracks to be used by all staff, both technical and support. A copy of the draft plan is included in this article. PMID:12656054

Pinette, Shirley L

210

Development and application of underwater robot vehicle for close inspection of spent fuels  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research and development efforts of the underwater robotic vehicle for inspection of spent fuels are focused on the development of an robotic vehicle which inspects spent fuels in the storage pool through remotely controlled actuation. For this purpose, a self balanced vehicle actuated by propellers is designed and fabricated, which consists of a radiation resistance camera, two illuminators, a pressure transducer and a manipulator. the algorithm for autonomous navigation is developed and its performance is tested at the swimming pool. The results of the underwater vehicle shows that the vehicle can easily navigate into the arbitrary directions while maintaining its balanced position. The camera provides a clear view of working environment by using the macro and zoom functions. The camera tilt device provides a wide field of view which is enough for monitoring the operation of manipulator. Also, the manipulator can pick up the dropped objects up to 4 kgf of weight. (author)

Yun, J. S.; Park, B. S.; Song, T. G.; Kim, S. H.; Cho, M. W.; Ahn, S. H.; Lee, J. Y.; Oh, S. C.; Oh, W. J.; Shin, K. W.; Woo, D. H.; Kim, H. G.; Park, J. S

1999-12-01

211

Development and application of underwater robot vehicle for close inspection of spent fuels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research and development efforts of the underwater robotic vehicle for inspection of spent fuels are focused on the development of an robotic vehicle which inspects spent fuels in the storage pool through remotely controlled actuation. For this purpose, a self balanced vehicle actuated by propellers is designed and fabricated, which consists of a radiation resistance camera, two illuminators, a pressure transducer and a manipulator. the algorithm for autonomous navigation is developed and its performance is tested at the swimming pool. The results of the underwater vehicle shows that the vehicle can easily navigate into the arbitrary directions while maintaining its balanced position. The camera provides a clear view of working environment by using the macro and zoom functions. The camera tilt device provides a wide field of view which is enough for monitoring the operation of manipulator. Also, the manipulator can pick up the dropped objects up to 4 kgf of weight. (author).

1999-01-01

212

Development of A Hydraulic Drive for a novel Diesel-Hydraulic system for Large commercial Vehicles  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objectives and results of the research project Hybrid Diesel-Hydraulic System for Large commercial vehicles, e.g. urban freight delivery, buses or garbage trucks. The paper presents and discusses the research and development of the system, modelling approach and results from preliminary performance tests on a 10 ton vehicle.

Stecki, J. S.; Conrad, Finn

2002-01-01

213

Lower cost offshore field development utilizing autonomous vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The offshore oil and gas industry has the requirement to inspect offshore oil and gas pipelines for scour, corrosion and damage as well as inspect and intervene on satellite production facilities. This task is currently performed with Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV) operated from dynamically positioned (DP) offshore supply or diving support boats. Currently, these tasks are expensive due to the high day rates for DP ships and the slow, umbilical impeded, 1 knot inspection rates of the tethered ROVs, Emerging Autonomous Undersea Vehicle (AUV) technologies offer opportunities to perform these same inspection tasks for 50--75% lower cost, with comparable or improved quality. The new generation LAPV (Linked Autonomous Power Vehicles) will operate from fixed facilities such as TLPs or FPFs and cover an operating field 10 kms in diameter.

Frisbie, F.R.; Vie, K.J.; Welch, D.W.

1996-12-31

214

Electric vehicles in Europe - supporting programs of AVERE, CITELEC and the European Union  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Environment, energy and employment are the three keywords that could drive the development of electric vehicles in the next ten years, with the possible apparition of hybrid vehicles in the meantime. Road transport is responsible for a big part of the pollutants emission in the cities as indicated in the report on the city of Amsterdam in the EDS study for the European Parliament: 65% of the CO emission, 55% of the NO{sub X}-emission and 45% of the hydrocarbon emission. At the energy level, the use of electric vehicles leads to a reduction of primary energy consumption which level varies from country to country depending on the composition of the power plants park. In any case it indicates that the only means to develop a sustainable mobility passes through the use of electricity; it is also a way to prolong the use of the classic primary energy source (oil, natural gas) for longer than the foreseen 30 up to 80 years. This paper has tried to describe the role of AVERE and CITELEC in defining the support of the European Commission for the development of electric and hybrid vehicles. This role is very important and can give to the members of these associations an opportunity to take part in the different activities: R/D, demonstrations, marketing,.. (orig.)

Maggetto, G. [AVERE, Bruessel (Belgium)

1997-07-01

215

Current status of electric vehicle development. Denki jidosha no kaihatsu doko  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper describes the present and future situation of development of electric vehicles in the world. In Japan after the national project during the 1971-1976 period and the research continued till about 1978, there was seen temporarily a sign of stagnation in promotion of the wide use of electric vehicles. At present, however, there are seen a lease car trial system by Japan Electric Vehicle Association and activities of the electric vehicle technology research society by 10 enterprises. Each electric power company is also making a research on trial manufactures and runs of test vehicles, foreseeing the future increase in electric power demand and an advantage of utilizing night-time electric power. Among all, cooperative societies themselves conduct development of trial manufacture from a broader view of the pollution problem. The US, the UK, Canada, Germany, France, Italy and other countries are making steady and continued development of electric vehicles. It is important hereafter to consider public investment, how we should rank an electric vehicle making the most of its characteristics and the building of infrastructure for an electric vehicle. 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Takahashi, S. (Government Industrial Research Inst., Osaka, Osaka (Japan))

1991-02-01

216

Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program: Site Operator Program. Quarterly progress report, April--June 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This quarterly report details activities of the Department of Energy (DOE) Site Operator Program for the months of April, May, and June 1995. The 12 program participants, their geographic locations, and the principal thrusts of their efforts are provided.

Kiser, D.M.; Brown, H.L.

1995-09-01

217

Alternative fuel transit buses: Interim results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Vehicle Evaluation Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The transit bus program is designed to provide a comprehensive study of the alternative fuels currently used by the transit bus industry. The study focuses on the reliability, fuel economy, operating costs, and emissions of vehicles running on the various fuels and alternative fuel engines. The alternative fuels being tested are methanol, ethanol, biodiesel and natural gas. The alternative fuel buses in this program use the most common alternative fuel engines from the heavy-duty engine manufacturers. Data are collected in four categories: Bus and route descriptions; Bus operating data; Emissions data; and, Capital costs. The goal is to collect 18 months of data on each test bus. This report summarizes the interim results from the project to date. The report addresses performance and reliability, fuel economy, costs, and emissions of the busses in the program.

Motta, R.; Norton, P.; Kelly, K.J.; Chandler, K.

1995-05-01

218

Development and Application of a Multiloop, Laplace Domain Analysis Technique to Control System Design for Underwater Vehicles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Implementation of a computer program is described which is applied to design of multiple input-output control systems for underwater vehicles. Two example designs are given. Program operation is explained through use of an example design using block diagr...

R. W. Miller G. J. Dobeck

1978-01-01

219

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program: A success  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The original 5 y Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program has been stretched to a 10 y program due to reduced annual funding levels. With an estimated completion date of April 1988, the technical achievements and the prospectives of meeting the original program objectives are reviewed. Various other applications of this developed Stirling engine technology are also discussed.

Tabata, W.K.

1987-01-01

220

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low-emissions vehicle (ULEV): Phase 3 report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of the 3.5 year project discussed in this report was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light duty passenger car application. This particular report summarizes the third phase of the project, which lasted 12 months. Emissions tests were conducted with advanced after-treatment devices on one of the two, almost identical, test vehicles, a 1993 Ford Taurus flexible fuel vehicle. The report also covers tests on the engine removed from the second Taurus vehicle. This engine was modified for an increased compression ratio, fitted with air assist injectors, and included an advanced engine control system with model-based control.

Dodge, L.; Callahan, T.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-04-01

 
 
 
 
221

Research on Programming Algorithm of Trajectory for Hypersonic Vehicles Based on Particle Swarm Optimization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aiming at the sensitivity to initial value and long computation time spent on iteration and programming the reference trajectory in reentry trajectory optimization for hypersonic vehicles, we propose a trajectory programming algorithm, which is based on drag acceleration profile. First of all, models of motion in reentry process of vehicle are built and an independent variable is introduced for optimization to reduce the difficulty of iterative computation. Then the optimal control problem of trajectory programming is simplified as one-dimensional searching problem including longitudinal and lateral parts. Subsequently, the tracking controller is designed for tracking the drag acceleration profile, where the particle swarm optimization is adopted in order to optimize the gain coefficient of tracking controller, from which a good tracking accuracy is obtained. Simulation results reveal that the obtained reentry trajectory presented by this paper can save the subsequently optimization iteration time and approach the best trajectory, which shows that this rational algorithm has great engineering value in practical application.

Chuanfeng Li; Yongji Wang; Lingling Tang; Zongzhun Zheng

2010-01-01

222

Development of Fuzzy Logic Control for Vehicle Air Conditioning System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A vehicle air conditioning system is experimentally investigated. Measurements were taken during the experimental period at a time interval of one minute for a set point temperature of 22, 23 and 24oC with internal heat loads of 0, 1 and 2 kW. The cabin temperature and the speed of the compressor were varied and the performance of the system, energy consumption and energy saving ware analyzed. The main objective of the experimental work is to evaluate the energy saving obtained when the fuzzy logic control (FLC) algorithm, through an inverter, continuously regulates the compressor speed. It demonstrates better control of the compressor operation in terms of energy consumption as compared to the control by using a thermostat imposing On/Off cycles on the compressor at the nominal frequency of 50 Hz. The experimental set-up consists of original components from the air conditioning system of a compact passenger vehicle. The experimental results indicate that the proposed technique can save energy and improve indoor comfort significantly for vehicle air conditioning systems compared to the conventional (On/Off) control technique.

Henry Nasution

2008-01-01

223

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Federal Fleet Use of Electric Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Per Executive Order 13031, “Federal Alternative Fueled Vehicle Leadership,” the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity provided $998,300 in incremental funding to support the deployment of 220 electric vehicles in 36 Federal fleets. The 145 electric Ford Ranger pickups and 75 electric Chrysler EPIC (Electric Powered Interurban Commuter) minivans were operated in 14 states and the District of Columbia. The 220 vehicles were driven an estimated average of 700,000 miles annually. The annual estimated use of the 220 electric vehicles contributed to 39,000 fewer gallons of petroleum being used by Federal fleets and the reduction in emissions of 1,450 pounds of smog-forming pollution. Numerous attempts were made to obtain information from all 36 fleets. Information responses were received from 25 fleets (69% response rate), as some Federal fleet personnel that were originally involved with the Incremental Funding Project were transferred, retired, or simply could not be found. In addition, many of the Department of Defense fleets indicated that they were supporting operations in Iraq and unable to provide information for the foreseeable future. It should be noted that the opinions of the 25 fleets is based on operating 179 of the 220 electric vehicles (81% response rate). The data from the 25 fleets is summarized in this report. Twenty-two of the 25 fleets reported numerous problems with the vehicles, including mechanical, traction battery, and charging problems. Some of these problems, however, may have resulted from attempting to operate the vehicles beyond their capabilities. The majority of fleets reported that most of the vehicles were driven by numerous drivers each week, with most vehicles used for numerous trips per day. The vehicles were driven on average from 4 to 50 miles per day on a single charge. However, the majority of the fleets reported needing gasoline vehicles for missions beyond the capabilities of the electric vehicles, usually because of range limitations. Twelve fleets reported experiencing at least one charge depletion while driving, whereas nine fleets reported not having this problem. Twenty-four of the 25 fleets responded that the electric vehicles were easy to use and 22 fleets indicated that the payload was adequate. Thirteen fleets reported charging problems; eleven fleets reported no charging problems. Nine fleets reported the vehicles broke down while driving; 14 fleets reported no onroad breakdowns. Some of the breakdowns while driving, however, appear to include normal flat tires and idiot lights coming on. In spite of operation and charging problems, 59% of the fleets responded that they were satisfied, very satisfied, or extremely satisfied with the performance of the electric vehicles. As of September 2003, 74 of the electric vehicles were still being used and 107 had been returned to the manufacturers because the leases had concluded.

Mindy Kirpatrick; J. E. Francfort

2003-11-01

224

The development of a center cell structure in bonded aluminum for the Ferrari 408 research vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In F408 research vehicle has enabled Ferrari Engineering to evaluate new forms of transmission, suspension, bodywork and structure for future production vehicles. As Alcan worked with Ferrari Engineering to adapt its Aluminum Structured Vehicle Technology (ASVT) to develop a bonded version of a central section of the structure (center cell). This paper begins with an outline of the major F408 project objectives and indicates the performance and manufacturing advantages for the features of interest, particularly the center cell structure. The paper describes the development stages of the bonded aluminum center cell. It shows that the performance and manufacturing objectives were met with a substantial weight-saving and improvement in stiffness compared to laser-welded stainless steel. The paper concludes with a summary of the other technical innovations and developments in the F408 vehicle.

Seeds, A.; Nardini, D.; Cassese, F.

1989-01-01

225

Development of a discharge planning mentorship program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discharge planning coordinators at a tertiary medical center developed a Discharge Planning Mentorship Program. The group established the educational program to support the autonomy of the staff primary nurse in the discharge planning component of professional practice. To establish the program, the discharge planning coordinators used the underlying principle of "CollaMentoach." The term is an acronym combining the three core concepts of collaboration, mentoring, and coaching. Program planning and marketing, participant selection, curriculum development, and curriculum evaluation are included to guide staff development specialists and nurse managers in the formulation of a program to enhance staff nurse discharge planning skills. PMID:11013517

Hansen, D C; Matt-Hensrud, N; Holland, D E; Severson, M A

226

Development of a discharge planning mentorship program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Discharge planning coordinators at a tertiary medical center developed a Discharge Planning Mentorship Program. The group established the educational program to support the autonomy of the staff primary nurse in the discharge planning component of professional practice. To establish the program, the discharge planning coordinators used the underlying principle of "CollaMentoach." The term is an acronym combining the three core concepts of collaboration, mentoring, and coaching. Program planning and marketing, participant selection, curriculum development, and curriculum evaluation are included to guide staff development specialists and nurse managers in the formulation of a program to enhance staff nurse discharge planning skills.

Hansen DC; Matt-Hensrud N; Holland DE; Severson MA

2000-01-01

227

78 FR 36520 - Rural Development Voucher Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...Voucher Program because these units are already federally subsidized. Tenants with a Rural Development Voucher would have to give up the Rural Development Voucher to accept the assistance at those properties. The Rural Development Voucher may be...

2013-06-18

228

Research, development, and demonstration of nickel-iron batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report for 1984  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Progress and development of research on nickel-iron batteries used for electric vehicle propulsion are presented. The nickel plaque development effort continued toward achieving the thickness required to meet the program goals. New modules designed for high peak specific power were evaluated. Plate impregnation has been reduced to almost routine. The delivery of 1600 psi strength plaque from 3.0 to 4.0 mm in thickness is the single most important factor in the demonstration of 65 WH/Kg designs. Various additives to the electrolyte were evaluated.

Lamb, C.M.; Broglio, E.P.

1985-08-01

229

Development processes and organisational structures for interdisciplinary vehicle development; Entwicklungsprozesse und Organisationsstrukturen fuer interdisziplinaere Fahrzeugentwicklungen  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The car market is dominated by intense competition. The car makers continually expand their model range and add new vehicle concepts to their 'classic' model versions. New technical developments make additional functions possible in the car. The development departments are therefore forced to develop a larger number of models and versions which are much more technically complex. This also leads to an increase in the number of external development partners. (orig.) [German] Auf dem Automobilmarkt herrscht ein intensiver Wettbewerb. Die Hersteller weiten ihr Modellangebot aus und ergaenzen die klassischen Modellvarianten um neuartige Fahrzeugkonzepte. Neue technische Entwicklungen ermoeglichen zusaetzliche Funktionen im Fahrzeug. Die Entwicklungsabteilungen muessen deshalb eine groessere Zahl von Modellen und Varianten entwickeln, die technisch deutlich komplexer sind. Dadurch nimmt die Zahl der externen Entwicklungspartner zu. (orig.)

Gutzmer, P.; Dworzak, U.

2000-12-01

230

Development of safety standards for hydrogen-fuelled vehicles : status report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarized the current state of knowledge and developments concerning safety standards and guidelines specific to the design and integration of fuel systems in hydrogen-fuelled vehicles. The international community is rapidly developing standards and regulations regarding the design and use of hydrogen vehicle fuel systems. Recently, the European Integrated Hydrogen Project (EIHP) approached the United Nations Working Party on Pollution and Energy to introduce a Global Technical Regulation (GTR) for hydrogen motor vehicles. International developments in hydrogen standards will have a direct effect on future Canadian vehicle safety. Various recommendations were presented in this report. It was noted that the draft United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Regulation has been established as the basis for a global standard for the approval and certification of hydrogen fuel systems, which covers basic hydrogen fuel system safety using accepted testing protocols. It was suggested that Transport Canada should continue to monitor the progress of hydrogen component standards as they also form the basis for some of the tests in the draft UNECE Regulation. Transport Canada should participate in the GRPE informal groups that are tasked with the development of the complete GTR. Additionally, Transport Canada should promote the development of a hydrogen vehicle fuel system installation standard, similar in scope to the CSA B109 natural gas for vehicles installation code. Details of North American standards, ISO standards and the EIHP were presented, as well as the results of hydrogen tank tests per draft UNECE regulation. 1 tab., 1 fig.

Gambone, L.R. [Powertech Labs Inc., Surrey, BC (Canada)

2005-06-01

231

Field Operations Program - U.S. Postal Service - Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valley Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on ''park and loop'' mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, J.E.

2002-01-21

232

Field Operations Program - US Postal Service Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valey Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on "park and loop" mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, James Edward

2002-01-01

233

Development of auxiliary power units for electric hybrid vehicles. Interim report, July 1993-February 1994  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Larger urban commercial vehicles (such as shuttle and transit buses), various delivery and service vehicles (such as panel and step vans), and garbage trucks and school buses are particularly well suited for electric drive propulsion systems due to their relatively short operating routes, and operation and maintenance from central sites. Furthermore, these vehicles contribute a proportionately large amount to metropolitan air pollution by virtue of their continuous operation in those areas. It is necessary to develop auxiliary power units (APUs) that minimize emissions and in addition, increase range of electric vehicles. This report focuses on the first phase study of the development of APUs for large, electric drive commercial vehicles, intended primarily for metropolitan applications. This paper (1) summarizes the differences between available mobile APUs and Electric Vehicle APU requirements, (2) describes the major components in APUs, and (3) discusses APU integration issues. During this phase, three potential APU manufacturers were identified and selected for development of prototype units at 25 kW and 50 kW power levels.

Owens, E.C.; Steiber, J.

1997-06-01

234

Development of Worksheet Program for HAZOP  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recently, HAZOP has been used as one of the most effective way of qualitative risk assessment for plant industries. However, this technique requires much man labor to be successfully performed. This fact enables the adequate HAZOP worksheet program to help speeding up the procedure and managing the data of analysis. Based on the experience of HAZOP carrying out, the authors focused the purpose of this study on developing a useful and comfortable HAZOP worksheet program. The unique characteristics of developed program are the menu for investigating the scenario data. The tendency analysis for existing HAZOP results was performed to validate the usefulness of the developed program. 9 refs., 14 figs.

Yoon, I.K.; Ha, J.M.; Han, J.M.; Lee, J.H. [R and D Center, Korea Gas Corporation (Korea)

1999-04-01

235

CAE technology for vehicle dynamics performance development; Sharyo unten seino wo sasaeru CAE gijutsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Vehicle dynamics performance has two aspects. One is 'Controlled Safety', and the other is 'Joy in owning the car, namely, Fascination Quality'. In order to deal with the changing market needs quickly, prediction of these performance types at an early stage of development and materialization are required. With this purpose, we needed to turn our development process into a predictive one. This paper presents our development style in vehicle dynamics performance, and simulation tools to support this development style. (author)

Sakai, Y.; Sasaki, T.; Tokunaga, N.; Kasahara, T.; Takahashi, T. [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-06-01

236

Programming Language and Artificial Intelligence Development.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The term language means communication tool which is used to write Computer program and develop application, scripts, or other set of instructions for a computer to execute. Computer programming languages are used to write programs that define the behavior of a computer system. They are based on certain syntactic and semantic rules, which define the meaning of each of the programming language constructs. The syntactic and the semantic rules of every programming language define the language implementation. Programming languagesprovide computer programmers with the means to express computer algorithms. A programming language is a notation for writing programs, which are specifications of a computation or algorithm. [1] In computer technology, a set of conventions in which instructions for the machine are written called programming language. [2] Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science which deals with helping machines finds solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. A more or less flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending on the requirements established, which influences how artificial the intelligent behaviour appears. [1] AI is generally associated with Computer Science, but it has many important links with other fields such as Maths, Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy, among many others. Our ability to combine knowledge from all these fields will ultimately benefit our progress in the quest of creating an intelligent artificial being. [2] The Present work is to identify relationship between programming language and AI development. The main objective of the work is to study the Application of Programming language, role of Programming language in AI development, The Languages Used for AI Programming and computer programming from Machine language to Artificial intelligence (AI) or future perspective of AI. This work will help the researchers to understand the concept, application, role and types of programming languages which is used in development of AI.

Mrs. Rekha Purohit; Prof. Prabhat Mathur

2013-01-01

237

U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity -- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are under evaluation by various stake holders to better understand their capability and potential benefits. PHEVs could allow users to significantly improve fuel economy over a standard HEV and in some cases, depending on daily driving requirements and vehicle design, have the ability to eliminate fuel consumption entirely for daily vehicle trips. The cost associated with providing charge infrastructure for PHEVs, along with the additional costs for the on-board power electronics and added battery requirements associated with PHEV technology will be a key factor in the success of PHEVs. This report analyzes the infrastructure requirements for PHEVs in single family residential, multi-family residential and commercial situations. Costs associated with this infrastructure are tabulated, providing an estimate of the infrastructure costs associated with PHEV deployment.

Kevin Morrow; Donald Darner; James Francfort

2008-11-01

238

Oakton Community College Staff Development Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since its inception in 1974, the Staff Development Program at Oakton Community College (Illinois) has been responsible for over 44 seminars, workshops, mini-courses, and guest speakers. Initially, modules (as given workshops are called) were generated by and for faculty alone. In fall 1975, however, the Staff Development Program became operational…

Mittler, Mary L.; Dolan, R. Edmund

239

Developing successful utility strategic business programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With electric utilities operating in such a chaotic, quick-changing environment, the need for a systematic approach to developing ongoing strategic business programs requires each company to develop a process for program development that fits that company`s culture and the market`s needs. The secret of good utility strategic business program development is to clearly know and understand the corporate goals. Without management giving specific strategic directions, programs to accomplish what management wants cannot possibly be developed. Also, keep in mind the golden rule for program development: those that have to implement the programs should be involved in their development. Once it has been decided that one wants a corporate culture that permits and encourages individual action and innovation in program development, one then has to appraise the utility`s Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (called a SWOT analysis). Unless these factors are fully understood one will not know the people and financial resources to assign to the task and what process-form they should take. The paper presents a twelve-step guide so that the teams can tailor their programs and/or projects to their own needs.

Bobrow, E.E.

1995-05-01

240

DOE geothermal research and development program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The progress of geothermal development since the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 is reviewed and the present status of geothermal technology and the recent accomplishments of the DOE geothermal program are discussed. Then the present DOE budget picture and program planned by DOE are discussed, giving a context for reservoir engineering research and development.

Toms, R.S.H.

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Coastal nonpoint pollution control program: Program development and approval guidance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The document, developed by NOAA and EPA, contains guidance for states in developing and implementing their coastal nonpoint pollutant source programs. It describes the requirements that must be met, including: the geographic scope of the program; the pollutant sources to be addressed; the types of management measures used; the establishment of critical areas; technical assistance, public participation, and administrative coordination; and, the process for program submission and Federal approval. The document also contains the criteria by which NOAA and EPA will review the states' submissions.

1993-01-01

242

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) -- Phase 2 report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this 3.5-year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the second phase of this project, which lasted 12 months. This report documents two baseline vehicles, the engine modifications made to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) engines, advanced aftertreatment testing, and various fuel tests to evaluate the flammability, lubricity, and material compatibility of the ethanol fuel blends.

Dodge, L.G.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.J.; Naegeli, D.W.; Shouse, K.R.; Smith, L.R.; Whitney, K.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-09-01

243

End-of-Life Vehicle Dismantling and Recycling Enterprises: Developing Directions in China  

Science.gov (United States)

End-of-life vehicle (ELV) dismantling and recycling enterprises are the final disposer of the life-cycle process of vehicles. ELV collecting, dismantling technology, and waste disposal directly affect the recovery rate and the friendliness of vehicles toward the environment. China law stipulates that, by 2017, the recovery rate of vehicles should not be less than 95%, and the recycling rate of materials should not be less than 85%. Therefore, knowing the practical running state of such enterprises is needed. This study investigated four ELV dismantling and recycling enterprises in the Yangzi delta district in China and surveyed the ELV collecting, dismantling technology, policy implementation, and running difficulties. After the comparison with the developed countries, the relevant experiences were drawn, and effective measures were put forward to meet the aims stipulated in the law based on the current practical ELV market in China.

Wang, Lu; Chen, Ming

2013-08-01

244

Development of a 55 kw diesel powered auxiliary power unit for hybrid electric vehicles. Interim report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Three auxillary power units (APU) were developed for military hybrid vehicle applications with funding from DARPA. One APU was for the electric M113 troop carrier originally converted to electric power in the 1960`s. The other two APU`s developed during this project were for hybrid electric High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) projects. For this APU design a Volkswagen 1.5-1 diesel engine drives a permanent magnet generator, that with associated inverter produces 55kW of DC power at 380 volts. Overall thermal efficiencies of 33% were observed. The controller for the APU`s was based on the personal computer (PC) CPU. Basing the controller on the PC allowed flexibility in meeting the individual requirements of the different vehicles. Given a power level request from the vehicle controller, the APU controller set the engine speed for optimum thermal efficiency. The generator electronics adjusts the voltage and thus the current output from the inverter to deliver the requested power to the vehicle`s electrical bus.

Likos, W.E.; Podnar, D.J.; Smith, J.A.; Steiber, J.

1998-03-01

245

Declarative program development in Prolog with GUPU  

CERN Multimedia

We present the side-effect free programming course environment GUPU that seamlessly guides and supports students during all phases of program development covering specification, implementation, and program debugging. GUPU features several innovations in this area. The specification phase is supported by reference implementations augmented with diagnostic facilities. During implementation, immediate feedback from test cases and visualization tools helps the programmer's program understanding. A set of slicing techniques is used to narrow down programming errors. Finally, the whole process is guided by a marking system.

Neumerkel, U; Neumerkel, Ulrich; Kral, Stefan

2002-01-01

246

Developing a competitive benefits program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Offering your employees the right fringe benefits can help staff morale soar, foster loyalty, and increase the chances that a top-notch job applicant will say yes to your job offer. This article suggests practical ways to offer a competitive benefits program without breaking the bank. It includes guidance about specific benefits and suggests a dozen more extra benefits employees value and a sample cafeteria-style fringe benefits plan. Finally, the article includes guidelines about creating and using your own benefits statement with your staff; along with a model statement form you can use or adapt to your needs.

Hills LS

2005-01-01

247

Research, development and demonstration of nickel-zinc batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979. [70 W/lb  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This second annual report under Contract No. 31-109-39-4200 covers the period July 1, 1978 through August 31, 1979. The program demonstrates the feasibility of the nickel-zinc battery for electric vehicle propulsion. The program is divided into seven distinct but highly interactive tasks collectively aimed at the development and commercialization of nickel-zinc technology. These basic technical tasks are separator development, electrode development, product design and analysis, cell/module battery testing, process development, pilot manufacturing, and thermal management. A Quality Assurance Program has also been established. Significant progress has been made in the understanding of separator failure mechanisms, and a generic category of materials has been specified for the 300+ deep discharge (100% DOD) applications. Shape change has been reduced significantly. A methodology has been generated with the resulting hierarchy: cycle life cost, volumetric energy density, peak power at 80% DOD, gravimetric energy density, and sustained power. Generation I design full-sized 400-Ah cells have yielded in excess of 70 W/lb at 80% DOD. Extensive testing of cells, modules, and batteries is done in a minicomputer-based testing facility. The best life attained with electric vehicle-size cell components is 315 cycles at 100% DOD (1.0V cutoff voltage), while four-cell (approx. 6V) module performance has been limited to about 145 deep discharge cycles. The scale-up of processes for production of components and cells has progressed to facilitate component production rates of thousands per month. Progress in the area of thermal management has been significant, with the development of a model that accurately represents heat generation and rejection rates during battery operation. For the balance of the program, cycle life of > 500 has to be demonstrated in modules and full-sized batteries. 40 figures, 19 tables. (RWR)

1980-06-01

248

Developing operator capacity estimates for supervisory control of autonomous vehicles.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study examined operators' capacity to successfully reallocate highly autonomous in-flight missiles to time-sensitive targets while performing secondary tasks of varying complexity. BACKGROUND: Regardless of the level of autonomy for unmanned systems, humans will be necessarily involved in the mission planning, higher level operation, and contingency interventions, otherwise known as human supervisory control. As a result, more research is needed that addresses the impact of dynamic decision support systems that support rapid planning and replanning in time-pressured scenarios, particularly on operator workload. METHOD: A dual screen simulation that allows a single operator the ability to monitor and control 8, 12, or 16 missiles through high level replanning was tested on 42 U.S. Navy personnel. RESULTS: The most significant finding was that when attempting to control 16 missiles, participants' performance on three separate objective performance metrics and their situation awareness were significantly degraded. CONCLUSION: These results mirror studies of air traffic control that demonstrate a similar decline in performance for controllers managing 17 aircraft as compared with those managing only 10 to 11 aircraft. Moreover, the results suggest that a 70% utilization (percentage busy time) score is a valid threshold for predicting significant performance decay and could be a generalizable metric that can aid in manning predictions. APPLICATION: This research is relevant to human supervisory control of networked military and commercial unmanned vehicles in the air, on the ground, and on and under the water.

Cummings ML; Guerlain S

2007-02-01

249

Development of a particulate emission factor model for European motor vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A motor vehicle emission model for suspended particulate matter capable of collecting virtually all the existing knowledge on emissions from the European vehicle fleet, in particular for the United Kingdom, has been developed. It is written in FORTRAN90 and calculates exhaust, tire wear and brake wear particulate emission factors in gram per kilometer per vehicle from on-road vehicles. The model can be used to calculate the total suspended particulate matter and the concentration in four particle size ranges between 10 and 1 m (i.e., PM10, PM5, PM2.5 and PM1). It calculates the composite emission factors based on parameters such as vehicle fleet, speed, ambient temperature and driving cycle and also has the option to calculate detailed emission factors for all the vehicles individually. Emissions from a road can be calculated on a lane-by-lane basis and for available vehicle fleet structure data. The vehicle fleet data includes options based on observations, closed circuit television camera or average values for the country or region. The model can also be used near a signalized intersections and calculates emissions in user-defined element of the lane near a intersection. It takes into account the increased emissions from cold engines which are dependent on the ambient temperature and the driving cycle; and other particulate sources such as road dust, tire wears and brake wears. The modeled emission factors are very sensitive to speed and vehicular fleet composition. The model is validated on urban and rural roads of the United Kingdom.

Singh, R.B.; Colls, J. [Univ. of Nottingham, Loughborough (United Kingdom)

1997-12-31

250

Program Development Tools and Infrastructures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Exascale class machines will exhibit a new level of complexity: they will feature an unprecedented number of cores and threads, will most likely be heterogeneous and deeply hierarchical, and offer a range of new hardware techniques (such as speculative threading, transactional memory, programmable prefetching, and programmable accelerators), which all have to be utilized for an application to realize the full potential of the machine. Additionally, users will be faced with less memory per core, fixed total power budgets, and sharply reduced MTBFs. At the same time, it is expected that the complexity of applications will rise sharply for exascale systems, both to implement new science possible at exascale and to exploit the new hardware features necessary to achieve exascale performance. This is particularly true for many of the NNSA codes, which are large and often highly complex integrated simulation codes that push the limits of everything in the system including language features. To overcome these limitations and to enable users to reach exascale performance, users will expect a new generation of tools that address the bottlenecks of exascale machines, that work seamlessly with the (set of) programming models on the target machines, that scale with the machine, that provide automatic analysis capabilities, and that are flexible and modular enough to overcome the complexities and changing demands of the exascale architectures. Further, any tool must be robust enough to handle the complexity of large integrated codes while keeping the user's learning curve low. With the ASC program, in particular the CSSE (Computational Systems and Software Engineering) and CCE (Common Compute Environment) projects, we are working towards a new generation of tools that fulfill these requirements and that provide our users as well as the larger HPC community with the necessary tools, techniques, and methodologies required to make exascale performance a reality.

2012-01-01

251

Program Development Tools and Infrastructures  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Exascale class machines will exhibit a new level of complexity: they will feature an unprecedented number of cores and threads, will most likely be heterogeneous and deeply hierarchical, and offer a range of new hardware techniques (such as speculative threading, transactional memory, programmable prefetching, and programmable accelerators), which all have to be utilized for an application to realize the full potential of the machine. Additionally, users will be faced with less memory per core, fixed total power budgets, and sharply reduced MTBFs. At the same time, it is expected that the complexity of applications will rise sharply for exascale systems, both to implement new science possible at exascale and to exploit the new hardware features necessary to achieve exascale performance. This is particularly true for many of the NNSA codes, which are large and often highly complex integrated simulation codes that push the limits of everything in the system including language features. To overcome these limitations and to enable users to reach exascale performance, users will expect a new generation of tools that address the bottlenecks of exascale machines, that work seamlessly with the (set of) programming models on the target machines, that scale with the machine, that provide automatic analysis capabilities, and that are flexible and modular enough to overcome the complexities and changing demands of the exascale architectures. Further, any tool must be robust enough to handle the complexity of large integrated codes while keeping the user's learning curve low. With the ASC program, in particular the CSSE (Computational Systems and Software Engineering) and CCE (Common Compute Environment) projects, we are working towards a new generation of tools that fulfill these requirements and that provide our users as well as the larger HPC community with the necessary tools, techniques, and methodologies required to make exascale performance a reality.

Schulz, M

2012-03-12

252

Biomimetic Micro Air Vehicle Testing Development and Small Scale Flapping-Wing Analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to develop testing methods capable of analyzing the performance of a miniature flapping-wing mechanism that can later be adapted for the development a biomimetic flapping-wing micro air vehicle (MAV). Three small scale fla...

C. E. Svanberg

2008-01-01

253

Yugoslavian Petroleum Refinery development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This paper shows the analysis of the world petroleum industry development, being an important factor in planning the development of the Yugoslav petroleum industry and Pancevo Petroleum Refinery, as well. Then Yugoslav petroleum industry development is analysed, including the appropriate balances of crude oil production and crude oil products consumption. The way of realizing the basic targets are also proposed. Likewise, the analysis of the condition within West European refineries has been conducted, from the aspects of technology, energy consumption and environmental protection and the same analysis for Pancevo Petroleum Refinery has been presented, too. The analysis of the condition within the refineries in the European Union countries and comparing it with the condition within Pancevo Petroleum Refinery, makes it mainly possible to recognize the development programmes which should be realized in order that Pancevo Petroleum Refinery could reach the refining level of the EU countries. (Original)

1999-10-01

254

DOE KSU EV Site Operator Program. [United States Department of Energy (DOE) Kansas State University (KSU) Electric Vehicle (EV)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Kansas State University, with funding from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the DOE Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric of hybrid vehicle technology. This will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four(4) electric cars during the first two years of this five-year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort station wagons. This quarter's report describes ongoing public relations activities and meetings as well as presenting performance data for the electric vehicles. (GHH)

Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

1992-01-01

255

Developing a nurse residency program curricular framework.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Curricular frameworks are integral to educational programs and are viewed as the roadmaps of curriculum. This article describes the importance of curricular frameworks and the creation of an evidence-based curricular framework for a pediatric nurse residency program that had been in place for several years before framework development. The concepts of the framework include leadership, professional socialization, clinical reasoning, and technical skills. This article presents an evidence-based approach to build a curricular framework for a nurse residency program.

Remillard A

2013-03-01

256

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program. Annual report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Today, new ideas and opportunities, fostering the advancement of technology, are occurring at an ever-increasing rate. It, therefore, seems appropriate that a vehicle be available which fosters the development of these new ideas and technologies, promotes the early exploration and exploitation of creative and innovative concepts, and which develops new ``fundable`` R&D projects and programs. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), one such method is through its Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program. This discretionary research and development tool is critical in maintaining the scientific excellence and vitality of the Laboratory. Additionally, it is a means to stimulate the scientific community, fostering new science and technology ideas, which is the major factor achieving and maintaining staff excellence, and a means to address national needs, with the overall mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The Project Summaries with their accomplishments described in this report reflect the above. Aside from leading to new fundable or promising programs and producing especially noteworthy research, they have resulted in numerous publications in various professional and scientific journals, and presentations at meetings and forums.

Ogeka, G.J.

1991-12-01

257

Mobile source CO2 mitigation through smart growth development and vehicle fleet hybridization.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper presents the results of a study on the effectiveness of smart growth development patterns and vehicle fleet hybridization in reducing mobile source emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) across 11 major metropolitan regions of the Midwestern U.S. over a 50-year period. Through the integration of a vehicle travel activity modeling framework developed by researchers atthe Oak Ridge National Laboratory with small area population projections, we model mobile source emissions of CO2 associated with alternative land development and technology change scenarios between 2000 and 2050. Our findings suggest that under an aggressive smart growth scenario, growth in emissions expected to occur under a business as usual scenario is reduced by 34%, while the full dissemination of hybrid-electric vehicles throughout the light vehicle fleet is found to offset the expected growth in emissions by 97%. Our results further suggest that high levels of urban densification could achieve reductions in 2050 CO2 emissions equivalent to those attainable through the full dissemination of hybrid-electric vehicle technologies.

Stone B Jr; Mednick AC; Holloway T; Spak SN

2009-03-01

258

Development of a breast navigation program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To review the development of a navigation program in a major US academic health care institution, and provide guidance for navigation programmatic development in other settings. DATA SOURCES: The Johns Hopkins Breast Center Steering Committee minutes, Hospital Cancer Registry; administrative data, and literature. CONCLUSION: Incorporating navigation services throughout the cancer continuum, from diagnosis to survivorship, provides guidance for patients with cancer. Navigation processes and programs must remain dynamic, reflecting patient and community needs. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Oncology nurses have traditionally performed many tasks associated with navigation, including patient education, psychosocial support, and addressing barriers to care. This article provides an exemplar for nurses developing or enhancing comprehensive breast programs.

Shockney LD; Haylock PJ; Cantril C

2013-05-01

259

Oracle Embedded Programming and Application Development  

CERN Document Server

Focusing on tried and true best practice techniques in cross-technology based Oracle embedded programming, this book provides authoritative guidance for improving your code compilation and execution. Geared towards IT professionals developing Oracle-based Web-enabled applications in PL/SQL, Java, C, C++, .NET, Perl, and PHP, it covers application development from concepts to customization, following a pragmatic approach to design, coding, testing, deployment, and customization--explaining how to maximize embedded programming practices. Oracle Embedded Programming and Application Development ex

Bulusu, Lakshman

2010-01-01

260

Development of education programs using HANARO  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The purposes of the study is to development of the education program using HANARO, which is one of the programs for HANARO Utilization. These consist of four fields; radioisotope production application, neutron activation analysis, examination of irradiated fuel/material and neutron beam application. This program provides various special research courses to faculties, researchers, universities and the industrial sector. In the development of the education program using HANARO, we have plan to the graduate thesis research course for the students, such a plan identifies the actual and potential capabilities of the reactor as well as its current and potential future specialists. Also, we have designed the development of actual training and education programs on radiological emergency preparedness, its necessary to the on-site and off-side public health and safety around near the reactor and relation facilities. These course topics involve the introduction of radiological emergency, actual technical method on radiation measurement, radiological emergency exercise and so on

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

ADVANCED EMISSIONS CONTROL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this project is to develop practical strategies and systems for the simultaneous control of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, particulate matter, and air toxics emissions from coal-fired boilers in such a way as to keep coal economically and environmentally competitive as a utility boiler fuel. Of particular interest is the control of air toxics emissions through the cost-effective use of conventional flue gas clean-up equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESP's), fabric filters (baghouses), and SO{sub 2} removal systems such as wet scrubbers and various clean coal technologies. This objective will be achieved through extensive development testing in the state-of-the art, 10 MW{sub e} equivalent, Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF). The project has extended the capabilities of the CEDF to facilitate air toxics emissions control development work on backend flue gas cleanup equipment. Specifically, an ESP, a baghouse, and a wet scrubber for SO{sub 2} (and air toxics) control were added--all designed to yield air toxics emissions data under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. A schematic of the CEDF and the project test equipment is shown in Figure 1. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) Measure and understand production and partitioning of air toxics species in coal-fired power plant systems; (2) Optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems; (3) Quantify the impacts of coal cleaning on air toxics emissions; (4) Identify and/or develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts; (5) Develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques; (6) Establish an air toxics data library to facilitate studies of the impacts of coal selection, coal cleaning, and emissions control strategies on the emissions of coal-fired power plants.

M.J. Holmes

1998-07-01

262

ADVANCED EMISSIONS CONTROL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this project is to develop practical strategies and systems for the simultaneous control of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, particulate matter, and air toxics emissions from coal-fired boilers in such a way as to keep coal economically and environmentally competitive as a utility boiler fuel. Of particular interest is the control of air toxics emissions through the cost-effective use of conventional flue gas clean-up equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESP's), fabric filters (baghouses), and SO{sub 2} removal systems such as wet scrubbers and various clean coal technologies. This objective will be achieved through extensive development testing in the state-of-the art, 10 MW{sub e} equivalent, Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF). The project has extended the capabilities of the CEDF to facilitate air toxics emissions control development work on backend flue gas cleanup equipment. Specifically, an ESP, a baghouse, and a wet scrubber for SO{sub 2} (and air toxics) control were added--all designed to yield air toxics emissions data under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. A schematic of the CEDF and the project test equipment is shown in Figure 1. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) Measure and understand production and partitioning of air toxics species in coal-fired power plant systems; (2) Optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems; (3) Quantify the impacts of coal cleaning on air toxics emissions; (4) Identify and/or develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts; (5) Develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques; (6) Establish an air toxics data library to facilitate studies of the impacts of coal selection, coal cleaning, and emissions control strategies on the emissions of coal-fired power plants.

M.J. Holmes

1999-01-01

263

ADVANCED EMISSIONS CONTROL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this project is to develop practical strategies and systems for the simultaneous control of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, particulate matter, and air toxics emissions from coal-fired boilers in such a way as to keep coal economically and environmentally competitive as a utility boiler fuel. Of particular interest is the control of air toxics emissions through the cost-effective use of conventional flue gas clean-up equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESP's), fabric filters (baghouses), and SO{sub 2} removal systems such as wet scrubbers and various clean coal technologies. This objective will be achieved through extensive development testing in the state-of-the art, 10 MW{sub e} equivalent, Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF). The project has extended the capabilities of the CEDF to facilitate air toxics emissions control development work on backend flue gas cleanup equipment. Specifically, an ESP, a baghouse, and a wet scrubber for SO{sub 2} (and air toxics) control were added--all designed to yield air toxics emissions data under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. A schematic of the CEDF and the project test equipment is shown in Figure 1. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) Measure and understand production and partitioning of air toxics species in coal-fired power plant systems; (2) Optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems; (3) Quantify the impacts of coal cleaning on air toxics emissions; (4) Identify and/or develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts; (5) Develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques; (6) Establish an air toxics data library to facilitate studies of the impacts of coal selection, coal cleaning, and emissions control strategies on the emissions of coal-fired power plants.

M.J. Holmes

1998-10-01

264

The US Liquid Metal Reactor Development Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The US Liquid Metal Reactor Development Program has been restructured to take advantage of the opportunity today to carry out R and D on truly advanced reactor technology. The program gives particular emphasis to improvements to reactor safety. The new directions are based on the technology of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR). Much of the basis for superior safety performance using IFR technology has been experimentally verified and aggressive programs continue in EBR-II and TREAT. Progress has been made in demonstrating both the metallic fuel and the new electrochemical processes of the IFR. The FFTF facility is converting to metallic fuel; however, FFTF also maintains a considerable US program in oxide fuels. In addition, generic programs are continuing in steam generator testing, materials development, and, with international cooperation, aqueous reprocessing. Design studies are carried out in conjunction with the IFR technology development program. In summary, the US maintains an active development program in Liquid Metal Reactor technology, and new directions in reactor safety are central to the program

1988-01-01

265

78 FR 49374 - Rural Development Voucher Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...obligations under the program as defined in Sec. 3560.804; (2) If the voucher holder or voucher household commits fraud, bribery, or other corrupt or criminal acts related to any Rural Development MFH program; (3) If the voucher holder or voucher...

2013-08-14

266

Tantalum Alloy Tubing Development Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

A process was developed to produce tantalum alloy tubing in two alloys, Ta-10W and T-222 (Ta-9.6W-2.4HF-.01C) to each of three sizes; .500-inch OD by .062-inch wall, .375-inch OD by .062-inch wall, and .250-inch OD by .020-inch wall. The extrusion method ...

F. S. Turner

1967-01-01

267

NAVC [Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium] - a program of initiatives for Northeast USA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium (NAVC) is responsible for all the electric and hybrid vehicle projects in the Northeast of the USA. As well as gathering valuable data on vehicle performance by initiating a variety of field trials NAVC has extensively monitored driver feedback and may one day claim to be the consortium from which the slogan `I love my EV` originated. (Author)

Lynch, S. [Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium (United States)

1995-12-31

268

Development of a Electrically Inspired Low Emission Microcontroller Based Hybrid Vehicle  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Recently, influx of research afford is being concentrated in automobile engineering to develop low emission hybrid electric vehicle to reduce the greenhouse gases such as hydro-carbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, produces from the vehicle. Approach: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) powered by electric machines and an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) are a promising mean of reducing emissions and fuel consumption without compromising vehicle functionality and driving performances. Reduction of emission is a significant issue to save the environment from pollution that cause of many diseases in urban areas is almost entirely due to transport using fossil fuel. Although zero emission transport has not been developed and used practically yet. Results: This study introduce a control mechanism for alternative hybrid electric vehicle combination of electric motor and gasoline engine that reduce the use of fossil fuel without compromising the overall car performance. Conclusion: In this study, a microcontroller based control mechanism of HEV is introduced which consists of battery, voltage indicator, DC motor controller and battery charger."

M. Habib Ullah; T. S. Gunawan; Sharif M. Raihan; Riza Muhida

2012-01-01

269

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV): Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this project was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the fourth and final phase of this project, and also the overall project. The focus of this report is the technology used to develop a dedicated ethanol-fueled ULEV, and the emissions results documenting ULV performance. Some of the details for the control system and hardware changes are presented in two appendices that are SAE papers. The demonstrator vehicle has a number of advanced technological features, but it is currently configured with standard original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under-engine catalysts. Close-coupled catalysts would improve emissions results further, but no close-coupled catalysts were available for this testing. Recently, close-coupled catalysts were obtained, but installation and testing will be performed in the future. This report also briefly summarizes work in several other related areas that supported the demonstrator vehicle work.

Dodge, L.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Grogan, J.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Thring, R.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-09-01

270

Development of prairie joy electric vehicle; Prairie joy denki jidosha no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Prairie Joy EV is an electric vehicle installed with high performance lithium ion batteries which is developed aiming at global environment protection and exerting as good running performance as gasoline vehicles have. In this paper, goal of development of the Prairie Joy EV, characteristics of the EV technologies and technical objects in future are described. One characteristic of the power train technologies of the Prairie Joy electric vehicles may be pointed out as the lithium ion battery and a neodymium synchronous motor installed in the vehicles. The lithium ion battery has the highest energy density and power density in the secondary batteries. The battery system using the lithium ion battery as its core utilizes the correlativity of the open voltage and charging condition and conducts separate management of each cell by a cell controller. The synchronous motor has small size and light weight and adopts a high efficient permanent magnet synchronous motor. The permanent magnets used for the electric vehicles are neodymium-based magnets (Nd-Fe-B) which are basically rare earth elements magnets. 5 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs.

Taniguchi, T.; Miyamoto, T.; Moriya, T.; Sakamoto, Y. [Nissan Moter Co. Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

1997-09-01

271

Development of a new guided unmanned transportation vehicle. Shin prime yudo mujin hansosha no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A development was achieved on an autonomically driving unmanned transportation vehicle which drives calculating its position and direction applying a spatial filter on courses externally set initially and memorized in the vehicle. The unmanned vehicle consists of a position detector applied with a spatial filter (CCD camera), a marker detector to carry out error corrections (CCD adherence sensor), a position and control calculating CPU board, motors, and a battery set. Coordinate data for the driving courses are calculated in an on-line system based on map information, and transmitted to the unmanned vehicle by wireless set. A method was developed for realizing the spatial filter using a software to calculate multiple number of spatial filters on one image data projection, to realize spatial filters arranged in positions different in equivalency, to correct errors in measuring the velocity using the spatial filter method, and to derive velocities and travel distances with high accuracy. When the unmanned vehicle was driven around a course of 15 meter round, the errors in the lateral directions in the set course at an observation point before entering the error correction were from {minus} 2.75 cm to 4.75 cm. 6 refs., 10 figs.

Hori, M.; Shomomura, J.; Ito, N.; Nagaya, H. (Meidensha Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

1991-12-27

272

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program: A Success.  

Science.gov (United States)

The original 5-yr Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program has been extended to 10 years due to reduced annual funding levels. With an estimated completion date of April 1988, the technical achievements and the prospectives of meeting the original p...

W. K. Tabata

1987-01-01

273

A Shared Hospital Management Development Program  

Science.gov (United States)

|This is a report of a unique experience in collaboration among four hospitals on the east side of Detroit, resulting in the design and development of a major training program for hospital managers. (Author)|

King, Philip J.

1973-01-01

274

Developing a corporate drug testing program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Management reaction to employee drug abuse at a gas distribution company resulted in the development and implementation of a corporate drug testing program before DOT mandated drug testing. The author explains the background, planning, operation and communication work involved.

Hanrath, D.A. (Louisiana General Services, Inc., Harvey, LA (US))

1990-10-01

275

Microelectronic Transceiver Development Program. Phase I.  

Science.gov (United States)

ARINC Research Corporation has completed Phase I of the Microelectronic Transceiver Development Program, performed under Contract N00123-68-C-2520 for the U.S. Navy Electronics Laboratory Center, San Diego, California. This effort was conducted under the ...

H. Rosenberg T. D. Price R. A. Mammano

1968-01-01

276

A Multi-Year Program Plan for the Aerodynamic Design of Heavy Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The project tasks and deliverables are as follows: Computations and Experiments--(1) Simulation and analysis of a range of generic shapes, simplified to more complex, representative of tractor and integrated tractor-trailer flow characteristics using computational tools, (2) The establishment of an experimental data base for tractor-trailer models for code/computational method development and validation. The first shapes to be considered will be directed towards the investigation of tractor-trailer gaps and mismatch of tractor-trailer heights. (3) The evaluation and documentation of effective computational approaches for application to heavy vehicle aerodynamics based on the benchmark results with existing and advanced computational tools compared to experimental data, and (4) Computational tools and experimental methods for use by industry, National Laboratories, and universities for the aerodynamic modeling of heavy truck vehicles. Evaluation of current and new technologies--(1) The evaluation and documentation of current and new technologies for drag reduction based on published literature and continued communication with the heavy vehicle industry (e.g., identification and prioritization of tractor-trailer drag-sources, blowing and/or suction devices, body shaping, new experimental methods or facilities), and the identification and analysis of tractor and integrated tractor-trailer aerodynamic problem areas and possible solution strategies. (2) Continued industrial site visits. It should be noted that ''CFD tools'' are not only the actual computer codes, but descriptions of appropriate numerical solution methods. Part of the project effort will be to determine the restrictions or avenues for technology transfer.

None

2001-09-01

277

Development of a Decommissioning Certificate Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Decommissioning Certificate Program has been developed at Washington State University Tri-Cities (WSU TC) in conjunction with Bechtel Hanford, Inc. (BHI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)to address the increasing need for qualified professionals to direct and manage decommissioning projects. The cooperative effort between academia, industry, and government in the development and delivery of this Program of education and training is described, as well as the Program's design to prepare students to contribute sooner, and at a higher level, to decommissioning projects.

1999-02-17

278

Development of a Decommissioning Certificate Program; TOPICAL  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Decommissioning Certificate Program has been developed at Washington State University Tri-Cities (WSU TC) in conjunction with Bechtel Hanford, Inc. (BHI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)to address the increasing need for qualified professionals to direct and manage decommissioning projects. The cooperative effort between academia, industry, and government in the development and delivery of this Program of education and training is described, as well as the Program's design to prepare students to contribute sooner, and at a higher level, to decommissioning projects

1999-01-01

279

Patterns and program pack in elastodynamics of motor vehicle transmission system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Complying with the idea of computer assisted design, the system of mathematical patterns, presented as the program pack described in this paper, comes to facilitate and improve the designing activity in the toothed wheel transmission field. Mostly a verification instrument, it is remarkable for the rapidity and accuracy with which the designer may obtain a large range of information concerning his future product as gearing forces, geometry and strength of toothed wheels, shaft reactions and estimation of their working life and strength fatigue, computation of own and forced torsional vibration as well as bearing endurance. Helped by a unitary outlook concerning the motor vehicle transmission, the pack of programs can be used entirely, making a real radiography of the transmission system or only partially, making possible the improvement of components which proved to be unsatisfactory. Remarkable are also the small demanded computer memory, and the quickness in obtaining a complete set of results, as well as the easy verification of different transmission system versions by simple replacement of one or few cards.

Ionita, T.; Florescu, V.; Olteanu, C.

1982-01-01

280

Shared vehicle fleet concepts. State-of-the-art review and R and D program definition. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A state-of-the-art review of shared vehicle fleets (SVF), based on extensive literature review and discussions with managers of major recent experiments, indicates that past attempts to use SVF as circulation systems in central business districts have failed, and that emphasis is now shifting to residential co-operatives managed by transportation brokers, and other previously untested innovative schemes. The report presents an assessment of factors that must be clearly specified to ensure successful operation of any SVF enterprise (e.g. membership and fleet composition, service definitions, and user charges and agreements). Based on review of recent socio-economic and travel trends, there appears to be significant theoretical opportunity for implementing SVF schemes in Canada, mainly due to the economic pressures on households to reduce their transportation expenditures, the significant time/space flexibilities in current discretionary travel, and the increased flexibilities in all travel resulting from the expected alternative work schedule and communications developments. However, because of the immense complexity of predicting consumer choices in this intricate attitude/behaviour vs cost savings trade-off, only the implementation of a carefully designed demonstration program can establish the true propensity of Canadian households to join, and to continue to practice in, SVP enterprises. This report recommends a six-step program for demonstrating the feasibility of implementing SVF operations in Canada. 33 refs., 7 figs., 17 tabs.

1983-06-01

 
 
 
 
281

OpenCL parallel programming development cookbook  

CERN Document Server

OpenCL Parallel Programming Development Cookbook will provide a set of advanced recipes that can be utilized to optimize existing code. This book is therefore ideal for experienced developers with a working knowledge of C/C++ and OpenCL.This book is intended for software developers who have often wondered what to do with that newly bought CPU or GPU they bought other than using it for playing computer games; this book is also for developers who have a working knowledge of C/C++ and who want to learn how to write parallel programs in OpenCL so that life isn't too boring.

Tay, Raymond

2013-01-01

282

Followup audit of the cask development program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy is responsible for developing a system for the transportation and storage of spent nuclear fuel generated by utility companies. To carry out this responsibility, the Department of Energy established the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (Waste Management Office). The Waste Management office began development of a series of new shipping casks to transport the spent fuel. The purpose of this audit was to review the current development status of the cask designs; compare the original milestone dates to current milestone dates; and review the program funds that have been used to date on the development of these casks. The Office of Inspector General audited the cask development program in 1987. The audit report (DOE/IG-0244), recommended that program management establish minimum criteria that each cask must meet to qualify for further development funding. Our followup audit found that this recommendation had not been adequately implemented. As a result, the Waste Management office will spend an estimated $143 million on the cask development program and receive only two cask designs that were originally scheduled to cost $26 million. Moreover, it is not certain, at this time, whether those two cask designs will eventually receive the Nuclear Regulatory Commission certification. Historically, the program has experienced slippage in milestone dates and steady increases in total cost. Management generally agreed with our current recommendations to establish formal contingency plans to counter further delays, develop current baselines and schedules in sufficient detail to adequately control cask development schedules and costs, and reevaluate the current status of the casks under development for the purpose of justifying further development. Management has proposed actions to correct the milestone date slippages and continued growth in the total cost of the program.

1994-03-15

283

Development of autonomous bio-production vehicle for agriculture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was carried out to automate the operation of the ‘Bobcat’ tractor for the farmingpurpose. Bobcat tractor is a hydrostatic tractor that uses levers for steering, breaking and the forwardand backward movements. Two set of screw shaft driven by car power window motor were used tomove the two levers. The computer program was written to automate the movement of each lever.Bobcat tractor move straight forward when both levers move forward and vice versa. Bobcat tractor willturn left when only the left lever is moved forward and vice versa. The friction between the levers andthe attachment was a major concern in this project. The bearing was introduced and the existencespace between the levers and the attachment can solve the friction problem. Autonomous tractorincreases the effectiveness of the field with little or no help of supervision.

Wan Ishak Wan Ismail; Yong Win Loon; Mohd. Hudzari Razali

2010-01-01

284

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) system design  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this 3.5 year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes a system design study completed after six months of effort on this project. The design study resulted in recommendations for ethanol-fuel blends that shall be tested for engine low-temperature cold-start performance and other criteria. The study also describes three changes to the engine, and two other changes to the vehicle to improve low-temperature starting, efficiency, and emissions. The three engine changes are to increase the compression ratio, to replace the standard fuel injectors with fine spray injectors, and to replace the powertrain controller. The two other vehicle changes involve the fuel tank and the aftertreatment system. The fuel tank will likely need to be replaced to reduce evaporative emissions. In addition to changes in the main catalyst, supplemental aftertreatment systems will be analyzed to reduce emissions before the main catalyst reaches operating temperature.

Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Dodge, L.; Mulik, J.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-02-01

285

Provision of loading docks and parking spaces for goods vehicles at developments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The provision of a sufficient number of loading docks and parking spaces for goods vehicles is an important consideration a t developments. The purpose of this study is to evaluate current queuing models that are used for this purpose. The problem that was identified is that existing queuing models ...

Malan, Reine

286

Development of Technologies for a High Efficiency, Very Low Emission, Diesel Engine for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cummins Inc., in partnership with the Department of Energy, has developed technology for a new highly efficient, very low emission, diesel engine for light trucks and sport utility vehicles. This work began in April 1997, and started with very aggressive goals for vehicles in the 5751 to 8500 pound GCW weight class. The primary program goals were as follows: (1) EMISSIONS--NO{sub x} = 0.50 g/mi; PM = 0.05 g/mi; CO = 2.8 g/mi; and NMHC = 0.07 g/mi. California decided to issue new and even tougher LEV II light truck regulations late in 1999. EPA also issued its lower Tier 2 regulations late in 2000. The net result was that the targets for this diesel engine project were lowered, and these goals were eventually modified by the publication of Federal Tier 2 emission standards early in 2000 to the following: NO{sub x} = 0.07 g/mi; and PM = 0.01 g/mi. (2) FUEL ECONOMY--The fuel economy goal was 50 percent MPG improvement (combined city/highway) over the 1997 gasoline powered light truck or sport utility vehicle in the vehicle class for which this diesel engine is being designed to replace. The goal for fuel economy remained at 50 percent MPG improvement, even with the emissions goal revisions. (3) COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT--Regular design reviews of the engine program will be conducted with a vehicle manufacturer to insure that the concepts and design specifics are commercially feasible. (DaimlerChrysler has provided Cummins with this design review input.) Cummins has essentially completed a demonstration of proof-of-principle for a diesel engine platform using advanced combustion and fuel system technologies. Cummins reported very early progress in this project, evidence that new diesel engine technology had been developed that demonstrated the feasibility of the above emissions goals. Emissions levels of NOx = 0.4 g/mi and PM = 0.06 g/mi were demonstrated for a 5250 lb. test weight vehicle with passive aftertreatment only. These results were achieved using the full chassis dynamometer FTP-75 test procedure that allowed compliance with the Tier 2 Interim Bin 10 Standards and would apply to vehicles in MY2004 through MY2007 timeframe. In further technology development with active aftertreatment management, Cummins has been able to report that the emissions goals for the Tier 2 Bin 5 standards were met on an engine running the full FTP-75 test procedure. The fuel economy on the chassis tests was measured at over 59 percent MPG improvement over the gasoline engines that are offered in typical SUVs and light trucks. The above demonstration used only in-cylinder fueling for management of the aftertreatment system.

John H. Stang

2005-12-31

287

Development of Technologies for a High Efficiency, Very Low Emission, Diesel Engine for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cummins Inc., in partnership with the Department of Energy, has developed technology for a new highly efficient, very low emission, diesel engine for light trucks and sport utility vehicles. This work began in April 1997, and started with very aggressive goals for vehicles in the 5751 to 8500 pound GCW weight class. The primary program goals were as follows: (1) EMISSIONS NOx = 0.50 g/mi PM = 0.05 g/mi CO = 2.8 g/mi NMHC = 0.07 g/mi California decided to issue new and even tougher LEV II light truck regulations late in 1999. EPA also issued its lower Tier 2 regulations late in 2000. The net result was that the targets for this diesel engine project were lowered, and these goals were eventually modified by the publication of Federal Tier 2 emission standards early in 2000 to the following: NOx = 0.07 g/mi PM = 0.01 g/mi (2) FUEL ECONOMY The fuel economy goal was 50 percent MPG improvement (combined city/highway) over the 1997 gasoline powered light truck or sport utility vehicle in the vehicle class for which this diesel engine is being designed to replace. The goal for fuel economy remained at 50 percent MPG improvement, even with the emissions goal revisions. (3) COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT Regular design reviews of the engine program will be conducted with a vehicle manufacturer to insure that the concepts and design specifics are commercially feasible. (DaimlerChrysler has provided Cummins with this design review input.) Cummins has essentially completed a demonstration of proof-of-principle for a diesel engine platform using advanced combustion and fuel system technologies. Cummins reported very early progress in this project, evidence that new diesel engine technology had been developed that demonstrated the feasibility of the above emissions goals. Emissions levels of NOx = 0.4 g/mi and PM = 0.06 g/mi were demonstrated for a 5250 lb. test weight vehicle with passive aftertreatment only. These results were achieved using the full chassis dynamometer FTP-75 test procedure that allowed compliance with the Tier 2 Interim Bin 10 Standards and would apply to vehicles in MY2004 through MY2007 timeframe. In further technology development with active aftertreatment management, Cummins has been able to report that the emissions goals for the Tier 2 Bin 5 standards were met on an engine running the full FTP-75 test procedure. The fuel economy on the chassis tests was measured at over 59 percent MPG improvement over the gasoline engines that are offered in typical SUVs and light trucks. The above demonstration used only in-cylinder fueling for management of the aftertreatment system.

Stang, John H.

1997-12-01

288

Development of Technologies for a High Efficiency, Very Low Emission, Diesel Engine for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cummins Inc., in partnership with the Department of Energy, has developed technology for a new highly efficient, very low emission, diesel engine for light trucks and sport utility vehicles. This work began in April 1997, and started with very aggressive goals for vehicles in the 5751 to 8500 pound GCW weight class. The primary program goals were as follows: (1) EMISSIONS -- NOx = 0.50 g/mi; PM = 0.05 g/mi; CO = 2.8 g/mi; and NMHC = 0.07 g/mi. California decided to issue new and even tougher LEV II light truck regulations late in 1999. EPA also issued its lower Tier 2 regulations late in 2000. The net result was that the targets for this diesel engine project were lowered, and these goals were eventually modified by the publication of Federal Tier 2 emission standards early in 2000 to the following: NOx = 0.07 g/mi; and PM = 0.01 g/mi. (2) FUEL ECONOMY -- The fuel economy goal was 50 percent MPG improvement (combined city/highway) over the 1997 gasoline powered light truck or sport utility vehicle in the vehicle class for which this diesel engine is being designed to replace. The goal for fuel economy remained at 50 percent MPG improvement, even with the emissions goal revisions. (3) COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT -- Regular design reviews of the engine program will be conducted with a vehicle manufacturer to insure that the concepts and design specifics are commercially feasible. (DaimlerChrysler has provided Cummins with this design review input.) Cummins has essentially completed a demonstration of proof-of-principle for a diesel engine platform using advanced combustion and fuel system technologies. Cummins reported very early progress in this project, evidence that new diesel engine technology had been developed that demonstrated the feasibility of the above emissions goals. Emissions levels of NOx = 0.4 g/mi and PM = 0.06 g/mi were demonstrated for a 5250 lb. test weight vehicle with passive aftertreatment only. These results were achieved using the full chassis dynamometer FTP-75 test procedure that allowed compliance with the Tier 2 Interim Bin 10 Standards and would apply to vehicles in MY2004 through MY2007 timeframe. In further technology development with active aftertreatment management, Cummins has been able to report that the emissions goals for the Tier 2 Bin 5 standards were met on an engine running the full FTP-75 test procedure. The fuel economy on the chassis tests was measured at over 59 percent MPG improvement over the gasoline engines that are offered in typical SUVs and light trucks. The above demonstration used only in-cylinder fueling for management of the aftertreatment system.

Stang, John H.

2005-12-19

289

The progress of the fuel cell- and fuel cell vehicle development at Honda  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Honda has developed a clean power fuel cell vehicle, the FCX, to respond to environmental and energy issues. Honda simultaneously marketed the FCX in the U.S. and Japan in December 2002. This vehicle is equipped with a pure hydrogen type polymer electrolyte fuel cell and a Honda Ultra capacitor as a combined power source and a high-performance drive motor. The FCX offers a practical driving range, high maximum speed, and excellent power performance. The vehicle also ensures omni-directional crash safety and comfortable seats four adults. Further fuel cell applications are planned as for example the integration of the Honda Fuel Cell Stack technology into a Honda scooter, the Honda FCMC. (orig.)

Brachmann, Th. [Honda R and D Europe (Deutschland) GmbH, Offenbach (Germany); Kawasaki, S.; Ono, T.; Ogura, M.; Kami, Y. [Honda R and D Co. Ltd., Tochigi R and D Center (Japan)

2004-07-01

290

Heart smart school lunch program: a vehicle for cardiovascular health promotion.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract In response to current dietary recommendations, the "Heart Smart" School Lunch Program has developed a model using the classroom to transfer knowledge and the school lunch program to facilitate cardiovascular healthy eating behavior. Dietary changes focus on reduction in sodium, fat (specifically saturated fat), and sugar in school lunches. Strategies to institutionalize these dietary changes comprise five major areas within quantity food production: menu planning, food purchasing, recipe modification, food preparation, and food production techniques. These recommendations could be applied for use in school health promotion programs throughout the nation.

Nicklas TA; Forcier JE; Farris RP; Hunter SM; Webber LS; Berenson GS

1989-11-01

291

Dialogic argumentation as a vehicle for developing young adolescents' thinking.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Argumentive reasoning skills are featured in the new K-12 Common Standards (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010), yet with little said about their nature or how to instill them. Distinguishing reasoning skills from writing skills, we report on a multiyear intervention that used electronically conducted dialogues on social issues as the medium to develop argumentive reasoning skills in two cohorts of young adolescents. Intervention groups demonstrated transfer of the dialogic activity to two individual essays on new topics; argument quality for these groups exceeded that of comparison groups who participated in an intervention involving the more face-valid activity of extensive essay writing practice, along with whole-class discussion. The intervention group also demonstrated greater awareness of the relevance of evidence to argument. The dialogic method thus appears to be a viable one for developing cognitive skills that the comparison-group data show do not routinely develop during this age period.

Kuhn D; Crowell A

2011-04-01

292

Dialogic argumentation as a vehicle for developing young adolescents' thinking.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argumentive reasoning skills are featured in the new K-12 Common Standards (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2010), yet with little said about their nature or how to instill them. Distinguishing reasoning skills from writing skills, we report on a multiyear intervention that used electronically conducted dialogues on social issues as the medium to develop argumentive reasoning skills in two cohorts of young adolescents. Intervention groups demonstrated transfer of the dialogic activity to two individual essays on new topics; argument quality for these groups exceeded that of comparison groups who participated in an intervention involving the more face-valid activity of extensive essay writing practice, along with whole-class discussion. The intervention group also demonstrated greater awareness of the relevance of evidence to argument. The dialogic method thus appears to be a viable one for developing cognitive skills that the comparison-group data show do not routinely develop during this age period. PMID:21422465

Kuhn, Deanna; Crowell, Amanda

2011-03-21

293

Empirical model of vehicle emissions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An empirical model that characterizes the relationship between equilibrium vehicle emission distributions and malfunction, repair, and replacement rates by splitting vehicles into two emission categories has been developed. Gross emitters and clean vehicles are defined by the magnitude of their emissions compared to an arbitrarily chosen cut point. The model is used to predict emission changes resulting from changes in any of the three rates, by determining the new equilibrium distribution of vehicles. Remotely sensed vehicle emission measurements made in Las Vegas, NV, are used to demonstrate the capabilities of the model to evaluate various inspection and maintenance (I/M) program options. The emission cut point for repair is shown to establish the cost per ton of reduction, and the maximum emission reduction limit (i.e., all vehicles in the clean category), while the frequency of repair determines the amount of emission reduction up to the cut-point determined limit. 17 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Pitchford, M. (EPA, Las Vegas, NV (United States)); Johnson, B. (Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas (United States))

1993-04-01

294

International Human Powered Vehicle Association  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Human Powered Vehicle Association is an association of national associations and organizations who are "dedicated to promoting improvement, innovation and creativity in the use of human power, especially in the design and development of human-powered vehicles." The website provides updates on the world of human-powered vehicles, such as upcoming world championships and innovations in bicycle technology. The Source Guide includes links to directories with details on human-powered vehicle providers and companies selling materials needed for bicycle builders. The Library provides information on video, software, books and periodicals, while the Builder's Corner section offers how-to articles and guides. Information on human-powered vehicle races and schools with Human Powered Vehicle programs is also provided.

2010-08-04

295

Shaping our workforce: a Tasmanian development program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services management and leadership development program consists of a foundation program for frontline and aspiring managers, with additional program streams for graduate trainees, senior nurses and allied health professionals, clinical leaders and senior executive management teams. An academic pathway has also been developed in partnership with the University of Tasmania. Some elements of the management and leadership program were developed with a great deal of specificity and structure, while others have been left free to respond to expressed need as it arises. This case study describes the development and delivery, challenges and achievements of the program, focusing on the more structured elements: the foundation, graduate trainee and academic streams. In particular, it illustrates the strengths and weakness of a program that depends upon the goodwill and commitment of organisational partners and middle and senior managers, during a time of fiscal constraint. This article will be of interest to other jurisdictions and sectors seeking to strengthen staff management and leadership skills. PMID:23369870

Shannon, Elizabeth A; Burchill, T Alice

2013-02-01

296

Shaping our workforce: a Tasmanian development program.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services management and leadership development program consists of a foundation program for frontline and aspiring managers, with additional program streams for graduate trainees, senior nurses and allied health professionals, clinical leaders and senior executive management teams. An academic pathway has also been developed in partnership with the University of Tasmania. Some elements of the management and leadership program were developed with a great deal of specificity and structure, while others have been left free to respond to expressed need as it arises. This case study describes the development and delivery, challenges and achievements of the program, focusing on the more structured elements: the foundation, graduate trainee and academic streams. In particular, it illustrates the strengths and weakness of a program that depends upon the goodwill and commitment of organisational partners and middle and senior managers, during a time of fiscal constraint. This article will be of interest to other jurisdictions and sectors seeking to strengthen staff management and leadership skills.

Shannon EA; Burchill TA

2013-02-01

297

Fuel cell transit bus development & commercialization programs at Gerogetown University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fourteen years ago, Georgetown University (GU) perceived the need for a clean, efficient power systems for transportation that could operate on non-petroleum based fuels. The transit bus application was selected to begin system development. GU recognized the range and recharge constraints of a pure battery powered transit bus. A Fuel Cell power system would circumvent these limitations and, with an on board reformer, accommodate liquid fuel for rapid refueling. Feasibility studies for Fuel Cell power systems for transit buses were conducted with the Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1983. Successful results of this investigation resulted in the DOT/DOE Fuel Cell transit bus development program. The first task was to prove that small Fuel Cell power plants were possible. This was achieved with the Phase I development of two 25 kW Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) brassboard systems. A liquid cooled version was selected for the Phase II activity in which three 30-foot Fuel Cell powered Test Bed Buses (TBBs) were fabricated. The first of these TBBs was delivered in the spring of 1994. All three of these development vehicles are now in Phase III of the program to conduct testing and evaluation, is conducting operational testing of the buses. The test will involve two fuel cell-operated buses; one with a proton exchange fuel cell and the other with a phosphoric acid fuel cell.

Wimmer, R.; Larkins, J.; Romano, S. [Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-12-31

298

Commercial radioactive waste minimization program development guidance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document is one of two prepared by the EG ampersand G Idaho, Inc., Waste Management Technical Support Program Group, National Low-Level Waste Management Program Unit. One of several Department of Energy responsibilities stated in the Amendments Act of 1985 is to provide technical assistance to compact regions Host States, and nonmember States (to the extent provided in appropriations acts) in establishing waste minimization program plans. Technical assistance includes, among other things, the development of technical guidelines for volume reduction options. Pursuant to this defined responsibility, the Department of Energy (through EG ampersand G Idaho, Inc.) has prepared this report, which includes guidance on defining a program, State/compact commission participation, and waste minimization program plans

1991-01-01

299

Economic development a program that works  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An economic development program, which focuses on industrial development, of the Loup River Public Power District is outlined in the paper. Addition of constant industrial load and electric heat promotion have balanced the districts seasonal demands. The annual load factor has increased from 44% to 63% over the past 20 years; during the same period, annual energy sales averaged 4.4% per year and peak annual demand increased 2.6% per year. The paper describes the development organization, industrial recruitment program, and success factors.

White, R.E. [Loup River Public Power District, Columbus, NE (United States)

1995-12-31

300

Developing Health Education Programs in Rural Areas.  

Science.gov (United States)

If primary medical care is to be provided to remote rural populations in developing countries, alternative and innovative delivery systems emphasizing community participation, use of paraprofessionals, and health education programs must be considered. A recent American Public Health Association study of 180 health projects in developing countries…

Colle, Royal D.

 
 
 
 
301

Research, development, and demonstration of nickel-zinc batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report for 1980  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Progress in the development of nickel-zinc batteries for electric vehicles is reported. Information is presented on nickel electrode preparation and testing; zinc electrode preparation with additives and test results; separator development and the evaluation of polymer-blend separator films; sealed Ni-Zn cells; and the optimization of electric vehicle-type Ni-Zn cells. (LCL)

1981-03-01

302

The marine corrosion program developed by Nuclebras  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A marine corrosion program is being developed by NUCLEBRAS and NUCLEN. This program consists in carrying out non-accelerated experiments in marine atmosphere, with immersion in sewater and laboratory accelerated tests. The purpose is to obtain a correlation between the corrosion rates observed in non-accelerated conditions and laboratory tests. Through these results it is inteded, only with laboratory tests, to estimate the bahavior of similar materials when tsted in similar marine atmosphereic conditions. Some aspects observed in the implementation of the program and some results so far obtained are discussed. (Author)

1986-01-01

303

The ANL electric vehicle battery R&D program for DOE-EHP. Quarterly progress report, October--December 1990  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Electrochemical Technology Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provides technical and programmatic support to DOE`s Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division (DOE-EBP). The goal of DOE-EHP is to advance promising EV propulsion technologies to levels where industry will continue their commercial development and thereby significantly reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector of the US economy. In support of this goal, ANL provides research, development, testing/evaluation, post-test analysis, modeling, database management, and technical management of industrial R&D contracts on advanced battery and fuel cell technologies for DOE-EBP. This report summarizes the objectives, background, technical progress, and status of ANL electric vehicle battery R&D tasks for DOE-EHP during the period of October 1, 1990 through December 31, 1990. The work is organized into the following six task areas: 1.0 Project Management; 3.0 Battery Systems Technology; 4.0 Lithium/Sulfide Batteries; 5.0 Advanced Sodium/Metal Chloride Battery; 6.0 Aqueous Batteries; 7.0 EV Battery Performance/Life Evaluation.

1990-12-31

304

The ANL Electrichemical Program for DOE on electric vehicle R&D. Progress report, July--September 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Electrochemical Technology Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provides technical and programmatic support to DOE`s Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division (DOE-EHP). The goal of DOE-EHP is to advance promising electric-vehicle (EV) propulsion technologies to levels where industry will continue their commercial development and thereby significantly reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector of the economy. In support of this goal, ANL provides research, development, testing/evaluation, post-test analysis, modeling, database management, and technical management of industrial R&D contracts on advanced battery technologies for DOE-EHP. This report summarizes the battery-related activities undertaken during the period of July 1, 1992 through September 30, 1992. In this report, the objective, background, technical progress, and status are described for each task. The work is organized into the following task areas: Project Management and Coordination; Lithium/Sulfide Batteries; Advanced Sodium/Beta Batteries; Advanced Ambient-Temperature Batteries; and EV Battery Performance and Life Evaluation.

1992-12-31

305

Development of NOx Sensors for Heavy Vehicle Applications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary gaseous pollutants (excluding CO{sub 2}) produced by combustion of low-sulfur diesel fuel oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbons (C{sub y}H{sub z}). The last two of these can be readily ameliorated by an oxidation catalyst in the O{sub 2}-rich environment of diesel exhaust but NO{sub x} can not.[1] For this reason NO{sub x} remediation strategies such as selective catalytic reduction (SCR) [2, 3] and the lean NO{sub x} trap (LNT) [4, 5] are being actively pursued. The ideal implementation of these strategies would employ NO{sub x} sensors to control reagent injection in the case of SCR and trap regeneration in the case of LNT. Two different NO{sub x} sensors for this application are at or near commercialization: An amperometric NO{sub x} sensor developed by NGK [6] and a 'mixed potential' NO{sub x} sensor developed by Riken [7]. The NGK sensor works by passing the sampled exhaust through a series of two chambers. In the first chamber O{sub 2} is pumped from the exhaust and in the second, NO{sub x} is decomposed electrochemically and the current from this decomposition is measured in order to determine [NO{sub x}]. Since the NO{sub x} concentrations can be small, on the 10's of ppm levels, the currents produced by decomposing the NO{sub x} can be small and difficult to measure accurately. The Riken sensor functions by passing the exhaust over a 'conversion electrode' that converts the NO{sub x} to NO{sub 2}. This NO{sub 2} is then sensed by a mixed potential sensing element.[8-10] Researchers at Ford evaluated the NGK sensor and observed the above shortcoming (poor for low [NO{sub x}]) as well as others [11] (e.g., asymmetric response to NO vs. NO{sub 2}) and were unable to obtain samples of the Riken sensor. Therefore a CRADA was initiated between Ford an ORNL to investigate the development of NO{sub x} sensors for diesel exhaust applications.

Armstrong, T.R.; West, D. L.; Montgomery, F.C.

2006-11-06

306

Canadian container development program for fuel isolation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Progress in the Canadian program to develop durable containment systems for the direct disposal of irradiated fuel in a deep geologic vault is described. Possible containment lifetimes, and the factors that influence container design and materials selection, are discussed. Most effort is currently directed toward developing containers with a design lifetime of about 500 years, using a corrosion-resistant metal shell to provide the primary barrier to radionuclide release. The design details for various containers are described, together with the fabrication and testing programs that are in progress or planned. The container materials programs consist of both generic research, to enable predictions of container performance to be made, and engineering development, to evaluate methods of container fabrication and inspection.

Nuttall, K. (Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Pinawa, Manitoba); Crosthwaite, J.L.; McKay, P.; Mathew, P.M.; Teper, B.; Maak, P.Y.Y.; Moles, M.D.C.

1983-01-01

307

Energy consumption and CO2 emission impacts of vehicle electrification in three developed regions of China  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Vehicle electrification has been seriously considered as an industry revolution to achieve sustainable transportation in China. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and pure electric vehicles (EV) are being demonstrated in scores of large cities. We select three well-developed regions (Jing-Jin-Ji, Yangtze-River-Delta and Pearl-River-Delta) to explore regional growth patterns for the light-duty passenger vehicle fleet and develop various scenarios for the penetration of HEV, PHEV and EV during 2010–2030. Per-kilometre and fleet well-to-wheels (WTW) petroleum use, fossil energy and CO2 emissions are evaluated among various technology options. Promotion of PHEV and EV could help cut per-kilometre petroleum use to a great extent; however, to achieve a clear reduction benefit in oil demand for a fleet in three regions takes time. The effort to mitigate CO2 emissions is much more difficult than lowering fossil energy use or oil consumption. This is especially true for the Jing-Jin-Ji Region where coal is an overwhelming power source. In those regions with a high share of coal power, HEV is a better option than PHEV or EV to reduce WTW CO2 emissions. In the Pearl-River-Delta region with a much cleaner electricity mix, promotion of EV could achieve a more significant CO2 reduction. - Highlights: ? The developed regions in China will move into the LDPV saturation period by 2030. ? We design four different scenarios for penetration of HEV, PHEV and EV. ? A strong promotion of PHEV and EV could help cut oil use to a great extent. ? The effort to mitigate CO2 emission is much more difficult than lowering oil use. ? HEV is a better option than PHEV/EV to cut WTW CO2 emission in Jing-Jin-Ji region.

308

Research, Development and Demonstration of Nickel-Zinc Batteries for Electric Vehicle Propulsion. Annual Report for 1978.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the first annual report describing progress in the 33-month cooperative program between Argonne National Laboratory and Gould Inc.'s Nickel-Zinc/Electric Vehicle Project. The purpose of the program is to demonstrate the technical and economic feas...

1979-01-01

309

Design and Development of Low Cost Variable Buoyancy System for the Soft Grounding of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To provide a vehicle with the ability to hold position ina coastal environment requires a significant amount of onboardpower. This power requirement either forces the vehicle size toincrease to allow for suitable mission duration or reduces theamount of time the vehicle has to conduct its mission. To relaxthe power requirement, we propose to develop vehicles that canemploy a bottom-sitting or soft grounding behavior. To obtainthis behavior requires vehicles that have the capability to selfballast.By optimally positioning itself and sitting on the bottom,the AUV can be placed in a sleep mode, with only monitoringsensors awake, thereby conserving power.In this paper we present the preliminary workconducted in the areas of simulation, design and testing of aVariable Buoyancy System (VBS) for an Autonomous UnderwaterVehicle (AUV). This buoyancy system will be integrated into thenew NPS AUV which is currently under construction, to supportthe upcoming joint operations with t...

Jeffery S. Riedel; Anthony J. Healey; David B. Marco; Bahadir Beyazay

310

Professional development programs for early career investigators.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Early career investigators today are challenged to succeed in a world of exceptionally competitive, rapidly changing, as well as generally declining, extramural funding resources. It has become apparent that in order to be successful, most new investigators require additional career development mentoring and grantsmanship training, compared to their peers of only a few years ago. Thus, it has become imperative for academic institutions and their established senior faculty to provide new mechanisms of training and mentoring for early career scientists to support their career development and quest for extramural research funding. This paper briefly describes two new programs of professional development for early career investigators, implemented or in the process of implementation at two research-intensive universities in the US. The target audience includes highly motivated senior graduate students, post doctoral scientists and early career faculty members pursuing interdisciplinary basic, clinical or translational science career tracks. The first program described herein has been implemented at two universities as an independent program. The second, substantively more extensive program is in the process of implementation, and includes all elements of the first program as a key component.

Marcus C

2010-01-01

311

Overview of the Nashville On-Road Vehicle Assessment (NOVA) Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper gives results of a July 1994 mobile emissions study, in Nashville, Tennessee, using an optical remote sensing unit and an instrumented vehicle. Emissions data were collected from approximately 41,000 vehicles over a 2-week period at 11 predesign...

M. B. Canon M. Fogelson R. S. DuBose T. E. Barker M. O. Rodgers M. D. Meyer P. J. Bontrager N. Vescio G. J. Yuknavage

1994-01-01

312

Advances in the development of ovonic nickel metal hydride batteries for industrial and electric vehicles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This paper reports that increasing concerns over urban pollution and continued uncertainties about oil supplies have forced the government and industry to refocus their attention on electric vehicles. Despite enormous expenditures in research and development for the ideal battery system, no commercially viable candidate has emerged. The battery systems being considered today due to renewed environmental concerns are still the same systems that were so extensively tested over the last 15 years. For immediate application, an electric vehicle designer has very little choice other than the lead-acid battery despite the fact that energy density is so low as to make vehicle range inadequate, as well as the need for replacement every 20,000 miles. The high energy density projections of Na-S and other so-called high energy batteries have proven to be significantly less in practical modules and there are still concern over cycle life which can be attained under aggressive conditions, reliability under freeze/thaw cycling and consequences resulting from high temperature operation. The conventional nickel-based systems (Ni- Zn, Ni-Fe, Ni-Cd) provide near term higher energy density as compared to lead-acid, but still do not address other important issues such as long life, the need for maintenance-free operation, the use of nontoxic materials and low cost. Against this background, the development of Ovonic Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) batteries for electric vehicles has been rapid and successful. Ovonic No-Mh battery technology is uniquely qualified for electric vehicles due to its high energy density, high discharge rate capability, non-toxic alloys, long cycle life. low cost, tolerance to abuse and ability to be sealed for totally maintenance free operation

1991-01-01

313

Development of compact CVT for hybrid vehicle; Hybrid jidoshayo compaact CVT no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., in November 1999 put on sale a hybrid vehicle Insight equipped with an innovative power train in which a decelerating energy regeneration system simultaneously achieves good fuel economy and low exhaust gas emission. A constant variable transmission (CVT) is installed on the Insight, which is a nonstep system that selects a transmission ratio for conditions best for fuel economy. It is based on the Civic-borne CVT, and has been developed to extract the maximum performance out of a hybrid vehicle. Introduced in this paper are the technologies of weight and size reduction for CVT, of realization of high-efficiency friction, and of hydraulic control upon a start after a stop with the engine at idle. New technologies are incorporated into the Insight CVT for improved fuel economy, which involve a metal belt of new specifications designed for a smaller-diameter drive and driven pulley and for a wider ratio range for CVT to operate in, a pulley-side pressure direct control system for controlling drive and driven pulley oil pressures independently, a lubrication pressure selection control system for reducing drag encountered in oil agitation, and a hydraulic control system prompt in responding when the vehicle starts from a stop with the engine at idle. The technologies of this CVT will be applied to other models and further efforts will be exerted to contribute to the construction of vehicles still lower in fuel consumption. (NEDO)

Sumi, M.; Fujimoto, S. [Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

2000-04-01

314

Development of battery system for hybrid vehicle; Hybrid shayo denchi system no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Toyota Motor Corporation developed the Prius, a low-pollution high-fuel-performance hybrid vehicle (HV) powered by both engine and motor, and placed it on the market at the end of 1997. The corporation selected the nickel-metal hydride battery for its energy storage, succeeding in building a battery system equipped with the performance and functions fittest for the vehicle. This report discusses the battery system, taking reference to its performance, life, constitution, and control system. A battery for HV has to be small and light, and, at the same, is required to be capable of high-rate output and chargeability for power augmentation and energy recovery when the vehicle is collecting speed. Furthermore, it has to exhibit a long life under such trying conditions. The battery for the Prius is constituted of small, cylindrical, sealed nickel metal-hydride cells, connected so that the Joule heat resulting from the high-rate charge/discharge, 21kW at the maximum, will be cut to a minimum. Functions relative to the main body, control, and cooling are integrated aboard the vehicle, and this design is producing the desired result. 3 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Nakayama, Y.; Tojima, K.; Shoji, Y.; Mitsui, M. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

1998-05-01

315

Development of an MPI benchmark program library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Distributed parallel simulation software with message passing interfaces has been developed to realize large-scale and high performance numerical simulations. The most popular API for message communication is an MPI. The MPI will be provided on the Earth Simulator. It is known that performance of message communication using the MPI libraries gives a significant influence on a whole performance of simulation programs. We developed an MPI benchmark program library named MBL in order to measure the performance of message communication precisely. The MBL measures the performance of major MPI functions such as point-to-point communications and collective communications and the performance of major communication patterns which are often found in application programs. In this report, the description of the MBL and the performance analysis of the MPI/SX measured on the SX-4 are presented. (author)

2001-01-01

316

45 CFR 1308.19 - Developing individualized education programs (IEPs)  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Developing individualized education programs (IEPs) 1308.19 ...FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Education Services Performance Standards § 1308.19 Developing individualized education programs (IEPs)...

2012-10-01

317

Electric vehicle fleet operations in the United States  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is actively supporting the development and commercialization of advanced electric vehicles, batteries, and propulsion systems. As part of this effort, the DOE Field Operations Program is performing commercial validation testing of electric vehicles and supporting the development of an electric vehicle infrastructure. These efforts include the evaluation of electric vehicles in baseline performance, accelerated reliability, and fleet operations testing. The baseline performance testing focuses on parameters such as range, acceleration, and battery charging. This testing, performed in conjunction with EV America, has included the baseline performance testing of 16 electric vehicle models from 1994 through 1997. During 1997, the Chevrolet S10 and Ford Ranger electric vehicles were tested. During 1998, several additional electric vehicles from original equipment manufacturers will also be baseline performance tested. This and additional information is made available to the public via the Program`s web page (http://ev.inel.gov/sop). In conjunction with industry and other groups, the Program also supports the Infrastructure Working Council in its development of electric vehicle communications, charging, health and safety, and power quality standards. The Field Operations Program continues to support the development of electric vehicles and infrastructure in conjunction with its qualified vehicle test partners: Electric Transportation Applications, and Southern California Edison. The Field Operations Program is managed by the Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory.

Francfort, J.E. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.; O`Hara, D. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1998-03-01

318

National development program for Finnish hospital facilities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To better understand the needs of future hospitals, a nationwide renovation program concerning hospital buildings was recently launched in Finland. Its aims are to develop tools for performing regional long-term plans (including space requirement estimation), to produce criteria for estimating the...

Kari Reijula; Ulla-Maija Hellgren; Rauno Holopainen; Pirjo Korhonen; Sanna Lappalainen; Eero Palomäki; Jari Palonen

319

Research and Development Conference CIEE Program 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

CIEE`s second annual Research and Development Conference will introduce you to some of the results achieved to date through CIEE-sponsored multiyear research performed in three programs: Building Energy Efficiency, Air Quality Impacts of Energy Efficiency, and End-Use Resource Planning. Results from scoping studies, Director`s discretionary research, and exploratory research will also be featured in this report.

1992-11-01

320

Opportunities for research program development at LANSCE  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The availability of intense neutron beams from facilities associated with the Proton Storage Ring and LANSCE has stimulated the development of neutron research well beyond the mainstream of neutron scattering. A description of this extended program is given along with prospects for further growth. 23 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Bowman, C.D.

1988-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

The AECL research and development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research and development program of the Atomic Energy of Canada Research Company is briefly described. Goals and objectives are emphasized, some recent highlights are given and the importance of technology transfer is discussed. A short representative bibliography is included. (auth)

1980-01-01

322

Developing and maintaining a pollution prevention program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Industrial waste generation in the US averages billions of pounds daily. Discharged to the air, water, or land, this waste represents a significant loss of raw materials and a potential threat to human health and the environment. To be responsible guardians of environmental quality, waste generators must review their production processes and business operations as well as consider the economic and the environmental benefits of implementing a pollution prevention program. Due to increasing environmental concerns associated with industrial waste, companies must now incorporate waste management and prevention strategies into their industrial processes. Adopting a pollution prevention program as a way of doing business can provide a number of significant benefits to a company. This chapter focuses on the establishment of a pollution prevention program, and methods to sustain such a program once in place. Other steps needed to implement a pollution prevention program are discussed only briefly, as many are covered elsewhere in this handbook or in the publications listed at the end of this chapter. There is no simple formula that every company can follow to establish a program; however, there are some basic steps every company should examine and undertake in developing its unique approach to pollution prevention.

Case, L.; Mendicino, L.; Thomas, D. [Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center, Champaign, IL (United States)

1995-09-01

323

Developing a systemic program for compassion fatigue.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effort in hospitals to improve the patient experience has yielded a new impetus to address compassion fatigue (CF), a combination of secondary traumatic stress and burnout. Over the last 3 years, Barnes-Jewish Hospital has developed a systemic program for CF resiliency. An initial evaluation of the extent to which CF was affecting the hospital's oncology staff led to the formal implementation of a resiliency program for oncology registered nurses. The success of that program ultimately led to the implementation of a hospital-wide resiliency program, designed to help professional caregivers understand CF, recognize the physical, mental, and emotional effects of stress, and adopt resiliency strategies. The voluntary program has been very well received by participants, and a formal evaluation shows promising results with a decline in secondary traumatic stress and burnout among participants. Developing an institutional culture of recognition and support for CF is critical for health care organizations. Establishing such a culture may help managers proactively create work environments that provide opportunities for connection and support among staff. Compassion fatigue training allows professional caregivers to reconnect to their personal mission and then truly begin to connect with an organization's values and mission. PMID:24022286

Potter, Patricia; Deshields, Teresa; Rodriguez, Sean

324

Design And Development Of Roll Cage For An All-Terrain Vehicle  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to design, develop and fabricate a roll cage for an All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) in accordance with the rulebook of BAJA 2013 given by SAE. A roll cage is a skeleton of an ATV. The roll cage not only forms the structural base but also a 3-D shell surrounding the occupant which protects the occupant in case of impact and roll over incidents. The roll cage also adds to the aesthetics of a vehicle. The design and development comprises of material selection, chassis and frame design, cross section determination, determining strength requirements of roll cage, stress analysis and simulations to test the ATV against failure. Finally the roll cage is fabricated as per the tools and techniques available in the workshop.

Khelan Chaudhari; Amogh Joshi; Ranjit Kunte; Kushal Nair

2013-01-01

325

AIAA 2000-0900 Aerodynamic Characteristics, Database Development and Flight Simulation of the X-34 Vehicle  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An overview of the aerodynamic characteristics,development of the preflight aerodynamic database andflight simulation of the NASA/Orbital X-34 vehicle ispresented in this paper. To develop the aerodynamic database,wind tunnel tests from subsonic to hypersonicMach numbers including ground effect tests at low subsonicspeeds were conducted in various facilities at theNASA Langley Research Center. Where wind tunnel testdata was not available, engineering level analysis is usedto fill the gaps in the database. Using this aerodynamicdata, simulations have been performed for typical designreference missions of the X-34 vehicle.NOMENCLATUREb Wing spanCiGeneralized aerodynamic coefficientCDDrag coefficientCLLift coefficientClRolling-moment coefficientCmPitching-moment coefficientCnYawing-moment coefficientCYSide-force coefficienth Height of the moment reference point above theground plane, ftM Mach numbera Angle of atta...

Bandu N. Pamadi; Gregory J. Brauckmann; Michael J. Ruth; Henri D. Fuhrmann; Michael Ruth

326

Aerodynamic Characteristics, Database Development and Flight Simulation of the X-34 Vehicle  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An overview of the aerodynamic characteristics,development of the preflight aerodynamic database andflight simulation of the NASA/Orbital X-34 vehicle ispresented in this paper. To develop the aerodynamic database,wind tunnel tests from subsonic to hypersonicMach numbers including ground effect tests at low subsonicspeeds were conducted in various facilities at theNASA Langley Research Center. Where wind tunnel testdata was not available, engineering level analysis is usedto fill the gaps in the database. Using this aerodynamicdata, simulations have been performed for typical designreference missions of the X-34 vehicle.NOMENCLATUREb Wing spanCiGeneralized aerodynamic coefficientCDDrag coefficientCLLift coefficientClRolling-moment coefficientCmPitching-moment coefficientCnYawing-moment coefficientCYSide-force coefficienth Height of the moment reference point above theground plane, ftM Mach numbera Angle of attac...

Bandu N. Pamadi; Gregory J. Brauckmann; Michael J. Ruth; Henri D. Fuhrmann; Michael Ruth

327

Development of a new generation belt CVT with high torque capacity for front wheel drive vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Nissan and Jatco have developed and introduced a new belt CVT with high torque capacity for E segment and SUV front-wheel driven vehicles. The developed CVT has a maximum torque capacity of 350Nm, which is the highest capacity in the world for a belt CVT. At same time, it is very compact in size. This CVT also provides a new driving feeling. It can provide quick acceleration with excellent feeling from any vehicle speed. Unnatural acceleration feeling, which had been pointed out with the previous generation CVT, was totally eliminated. Regarding fuel economy, remarkable improvement has been accomplished compared to the former CVT-generation. Thanks to a newly designed hardware, well-sophisticated control algorithm and an engine calibration well-suited to the new CVT, it achieves best in class fuel economy and acceleration performance. This paper summarizes the main specifications, structural construction and characteristics of the new CVT.

Ursawa, T.; Hayasaki, Koichi [Powertrain Engineering Div., Nissan Motor Co. Ltd (Japan); Sugano, Kazuhiko [JATCO Ltd. (Japan). Product Development Center No. 1

2004-07-01

328

Development of a hybrid microcircuit test vehicle for surface mount applications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The technology drivers of the electronics industry continue to be systems miniaturization and reliability, in addition to addressing a variety of important environmental concerns. Surface mount technology (SMT) has evolved in response to these issues. Prototype hybrid test vehicles have been developed at Sandia National Laboratories to evaluate three lead-free solders for Au-Pt-Pd thick film soldering. The alloys are based on the Sn-Ag, Sn-Ag-Bi and Sn-Ag-Bi-Au systems. Populated test vehicles with surface mount devices were designed and fabricated to evaluate actual solder joints. Pastes were screen printed on the test substrates and reflowed with the components in place. The test components consist of a variety of dummy chip capacitors and leadless ceramic chip carriers (LCC`s). The development of the reflow profiles will be discussed. Comprehensive defect analysis will also be presented.

Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M.; Vianco, P.T.

1997-08-01

329

Performance and Economics of Catalytic Glow Plugs and Shields in Direct Injection Natural Gas Engines for the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program: Final Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Subcontractor report details work done by TIAX and Westport to test and perform cost analysis for catalytic glow plugs and shields for direct-injection natural gas engines for the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program.

Mello, J. P.; Bezaire, D.; Sriramulu, S.; Weber, R.

2003-08-01

330

Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program (BFDP) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a mission-oriented program of research and analysis whose goal is to develop and demonstrate cropping systems for producing large quantities of low-cost, high-quality biomass feedstocks for use as liquid biofuels, biomass electric power, and/or bioproducts. The program specifically supports the missions and goals of DOE's Office of Fuels Development and DOE's Office of Power Technologies. ORNL has provided technical leadership and field management for the BFDP since DOE began energy crop research in 1978. The major components of the BFDP include energy crop selection and breeding; crop management research; environmental assessment and monitoring; crop production and supply logistics operational research; integrated resource analysis and assessment; and communications and outreach. Research into feedstock supply logistics has recently been added and will become an integral component of the program.

Kszos, L.A.

2001-02-09

331

Development of a multi-criteria assessment model for ranking of renewable and non-renewable transportation fuel vehicles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several factors, including economical, environmental, and social factors, are involved in selection of the best fuel-based vehicles for road transportation. This leads to a multi-criteria selection problem for multi-alternatives. In this study, a multi-criteria assessment model was developed to rank different road transportation fuel-based vehicles (both renewable and non-renewable) using a method called Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment and Evaluations (PROMETHEE). This method combines qualitative and quantitative criteria to rank various alternatives. In this study, vehicles based on gasoline, gasoline-electric (hybrid), E85 ethanol, diesel, B100 biodiesel, and compressed natural gas (CNG) were considered as alternatives. These alternatives were ranked based on five criteria: vehicle cost, fuel cost, distance between refueling stations, number of vehicle options available to the consumer, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per unit distance traveled. In addition, sensitivity analyses were performed to study the impact of changes in various parameters on final ranking. Two base cases and several alternative scenarios were evaluated. In the base case scenario with higher weight on economical parameters, gasoline-based vehicle was ranked higher than other vehicles. In the base case scenario with higher weight on environmental parameters, hybrid vehicle was ranked first followed by biodiesel-based vehicle.

2009-01-01

332

Laboratory Directed Research ampersand Development Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] At Brookhaven National Laboratory the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program is a discretionary research and development tool critical in maintaining the scientific excellence and vitality of the laboratory. It is also a means to stimulate the scientific community, fostering new science and technology ideas, which is the major factor in achieving and maintaining staff excellence, and a means to address national needs, within the overall mission of the Department of Energy and Brookhaven National Laboratory. This report summarizes research which was funded by this program during fiscal year 1993. The research fell in a number of broad technical and scientific categories: new directions for energy technologies; global change; radiation therapies and imaging; genetic studies; new directions for the development and utilization of BNL facilities; miscellaneous projects. Two million dollars in funding supported 28 projects which were spread throughout all BNL scientific departments

1993-01-01

333

Robotics Technology Development Program. Technology summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Robotics Technology Development Program (RTDP) is a ``needs-driven`` effort. A lengthy series of presentations and discussions at DOE sites considered critical to DOE`s Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) Programs resulted in a clear understanding of needed robotics applications toward resolving definitive problems at the sites. A detailed analysis of the Tank Waste Retrieval (TWR), Contaminant Analysis Automation (CAA), Mixed Waste Operations (MWO), and Decontamination & Dismantlement (D&D). The RTDP Group realized that much of the technology development was common (Cross Cutting-CC) to each of these robotics application areas, for example, computer control and sensor interface protocols. Further, the OTD approach to the Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation (RDDT&E) process urged an additional organizational break-out between short-term (1--3 years) and long-term (3--5 years) efforts (Advanced Technology-AT). The RDTP is thus organized around these application areas -- TWR, CAA, MWO, D&D and CC&AT -- with the first four developing short-term applied robotics. An RTDP Five-Year Plan was developed for organizing the Program to meet the needs in these application areas.

1994-02-01

334

Development Programs for the Heat Exchanger Thruster and HX Laser Launch System  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A proposed development program for the heat exchanger thruster and a parallel program for other key elements of a laser launch system are described. The HX thruster will be tested with different working fluids (hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, water) and power sources, and at scales from a few kW up to megawatts. Subscale launch vehicles can be tested with a variety of existing lasers, including LHMEL II and MIRACL. Laser and system development is simplified by designing around a 'beam module' containing a modest-power laser and beam director, which can be replicated to produce any desired total power.

2004-03-30

335

Integrated rural development programs: a skeptical perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

In examining integrated rural development programs the question that arises is why is it possible to identify several relatively successful small-scale or pilot rural development projects yet so difficult to find examples of successful rural development programs. 3 bodies of literature offer some insight into the morphology of rural development projects, programs, and processes: the urban-industrial impact hypothesis; the theory of induced technical change; and the new models of institutional change that deal with institution building and the economics of bureaucratic behavior. The urban-industrial impact hypothesis helps in the clarification of the relationships between the development of rural areas and the development of the total society of which rural areas are a part. It is useful in understanding the spatial dimensions of rural development where rural development efforts are likely to be most successful. Formulation of the hypothesis generated a series of empirical studies designed to test its validity. The effect of these studies has been the development of a rural development model in which the rural community is linked to the urban-industrial economy through a series of market relationships. Both the urban economy's rate of growth and the efficiency of the intersector product and factor markets place significant constraints on the possibilities of rural area development. It is not possible to isolate development processes in the contemporary rural community in a developing society from development processes in the larger society. The induced technical change theory provides a guide as to what must be done to gain access to efficient sources of economic growth, the new resources and incomes that are necessary to sustain rural development. Design of a successful rural development strategy involves a combination of technical and institutional change. The ability of rural areas to respond to the opportunities for economic growth generated by local urban-industrial development, or by the expansion of national and international markets, depends on the capacity for adaptive responses on the part of cultural, political, and economic institutions as well as on technical innovations which can generate substantial new income flows in response to the new economic opportunities. Improvements in the welfare of the rural population in poor regions will call for institutional innovations which effectively link urban and rural areas through a series of nonmarket and market relationships. A major implication of the models is that given the "markets" in which they operate, bureaucracies will be successful in capturing a relatively large share of the economic gains generated by their activities. PMID:12311877

Ruttan, V W

1975-11-01

336

Development of Low Cost Carbonaceous Materials for Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Final report on the US DOE CARAT program describes innovative R & D conducted by Superior Graphite Co., Chicago, IL, USA in cooperation with researchers from the Illinois Institute of Technology, and defines the proper type of carbon and a cost effective method for its production, as well as establishes a US based manufacturer for the application of anodes of the Lithium-Ion, Lithium polymer batteries of the Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicles. The three materials each representing a separate class of graphitic carbon, have been developed and released for field trials. They include natural purified flake graphite, purified vein graphite and a graphitized synthetic carbon. Screening of the available on the market materials, which will help fully utilize the graphite, has been carried out.

Barsukov, Igor V.

2002-12-10

337

Participation in the U.S. Department of Energy`s Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Site Operator`s Program. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Electrochemical Systems and Hydrogen Research (CESHR), a department of the Texas Engineering Station (TEES) at Texas A and M University (TAMU), has been involved in education, demonstration, research development, and testing of EVs and their components since 1988. CESHR`s participation in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Electric Vehicle and Site Operators` Programs (SOP) started in August 1991. The South Central Electric Vehicle Consortium (SCEVC), a CESHR-lead group of utilities and private companies in Texas and neighboring States, was organized at about the same time. The SCEVC has helped bring together electric vehicle (EV) fleet owners and operators in the south-central region of the country (Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana). The DOE, the SCEVC, TEES and the State of Texas Governor`s Energy Management Office supported the demonstration and field testing of EVs in the region. CESHR was, and continues to be, actively involved in the research in new materials for advanced batteries and in proton exchange membrane fuel cells for transportation applications. The above efforts at CESHR have been carried out by a dedicated team of engineering and electrochemical staff and graduate and undergraduate students in chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering. The projects were supported by a cost share of 40%. The laboratory facilities available at CESHR are fully equipped for testing EV batteries of different technologies on programmable load profiles and other EV components.

NONE

1996-12-31

338

Tubular solid oxide fuel cell development program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents an overview of the Westinghouse Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) development activities and current program status. The Westinghouse goal is to develop a cost effective cell that can operate for 50,000 to 100,000 hours. Progress toward this goal will be discussed and test results presented for multiple single cell tests which have now successfully exceeded 56,000 hours of continuous power operation at temperature. Results of development efforts to reduce cost and increase power output of tubular SOFCs are described.

NONE

1995-08-01

339

77 FR 34129 - Heavy-Duty Highway Program: Revisions for Emergency Vehicles  

Science.gov (United States)

...1807-07. 0 13. Section 86.1840-01 is amended by revising paragraph (c) to read as follows: Sec. 86.1840-01 Special test procedures. * * * * * (c) Manufacturers of vehicles equipped with periodically regenerating aftertreatment...

2012-06-08

340

Stereo-vision-based perception capabilities developed during the Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliances program  

Science.gov (United States)

The Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliances (RCTA) program, which ran from 2001 to 2009, was funded by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and managed by General Dynamics Robotic Systems. The alliance brought together a team of government, industrial, and academic institutions to address research and development required to enable the deployment of future military unmanned ground vehicle systems ranging in size from man-portables to ground combat vehicles. Under RCTA, three technology areas critical to the development of future autonomous unmanned systems were addressed: advanced perception, intelligent control architectures and tactical behaviors, and human-robot interaction. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) participated as a member for the entire program, working four tasks in the advanced perception technology area: stereo improvements, terrain classification, pedestrian detection in dynamic environments, and long range terrain classification. Under the stereo task, significant improvements were made to the quality of stereo range data used as a front end to the other three tasks. Under the terrain classification task, a multi-cue water detector was developed that fuses cues from color, texture, and stereo range data, and three standalone water detectors were developed based on sky reflections, object reflections (such as trees), and color variation. In addition, a multi-sensor mud detector was developed that fuses cues from color stereo and polarization sensors. Under the long range terrain classification task, a classifier was implemented that uses unsupervised and self-supervised learning of traversability to extend the classification of terrain over which the vehicle drives to the far-field. Under the pedestrian detection task, stereo vision was used to identify regions-of-interest in an image, classify those regions based on shape, and track detected pedestrians in three-dimensional world coordinates. To improve the detectability of partially occluded pedestrians and reduce pedestrian false alarms, a vehicle detection algorithm was developed. This paper summarizes JPL's stereo-vision based perception contributions to the RCTA program.

Rankin, Arturo; Bajracharya, Max; Huertas, Andres; Howard, Andrew; Moghaddam, Baback; Brennan, Shane; Ansar, Adnan; Tang, Benyang; Turmon, Michael; Matthies, Larry

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
341

Development of a subcompact natural gas vehicle; Kogata tennen gas jidosha no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A subcompact natural gas vehicle is introduced, developed by Honda Research and Development Co., Ltd., to respond to demands involving pollution by dangerous substances in exhaust gas, global warming, energy resources, etc. The compressed natural gas (CNG) engine described here is based on a 1.6-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine, and is equipped with a variable valve timing and lift electronic control (VTEC-E) mechanism. The compression ratio is elevated from 9.4 to 12.5 for improvement on output and fuel economy. For the reduction of exhaust gas, a high precision air/fuel ratio control is performed, for which 600-cell catalyzers are provided right under the exhaust manifold and the floor. The fuel container (CNG tank) is a single composite material made tank, which is for vehicle weight minimization. As for the fuel feeding system, it has a CNG injector which handles a flow rate 770 times that of a gasoline injector, this taking into consideration the need for a lubrication free injection system. The level of exhaust gas that the subcompact CNG vehicle discharges is not higher than a tenth of what is stipulated for in the 50KULEV standard of California, US. 2 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

Fukagawa, M.; Ide, Y.; Arai, S. [Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1998-07-01

342

Research and Development of a PEM Fuel Cell, Hydrogen Reformer, and Vehicle Refueling Facility  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has teamed with Plug Power, Inc. of Latham, NY, and the City of Las Vegas, NV, to develop, design, procure, install and operate an on-site hydrogen generation system, an alternative vehicle refueling system, and a stationary hydrogen fuel cell power plant, located in Las Vegas. The facility will become the benchmark for validating new natural gas-based hydrogen systems, PEM fuel cell power generation systems, and numerous new technologies for the safe and reliable delivery of hydrogen as a fuel to vehicles. Most important, this facility will serve as a demonstration of hydrogen as a safe and clean energy alternative. Las Vegas provides an excellent real-world performance and durability testing environment.

Edward F. Kiczek

2007-08-31

343

Development of vehicles for the disabled and the aged; Fukushi sharyo no genjo to kadai  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent social changes such as the advent of welfare society, increasing population of the aged and growing participation of physically handicapped people in social activities call for `gentle to people` and `barrier-free` as desirable concepts. Wheelchairs and vehicles are means of transportation for physically handicapped people. Various devices have been developed for supporting movement and driving of physically handicapped people. This paper presents a vehicle for transporting persons in wheelchairs and driving helpers for the disabled. This field does not always call for high technologies. Redevelopment of already accumulated technologies may be sufficient in some areas. It will be important to have insight into the feasibility or usefulness for the aged and the disabled. (author)

Saito, T. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

1999-07-01

344

Clean Technology Evaluation & Workforce Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of the Clean Technology Evaluation portion of the award was to design a process to speed up the identification of new clean energy technologies and match organizations to testing and early adoption partners. The project was successful in identifying new technologies targeted to utilities and utility technology integrators, in developing a process to review and rank the new technologies, and in facilitating new partnerships for technology testing and adoption. The purpose of the Workforce Development portion of the award was to create an education outreach program for middle & high-school students focused on clean technology science and engineering. While originally targeting San Diego, California and Cambridge, Massachusetts, the scope of the program was expanded to include a major clean technology speaking series and expo as part of the USA Science & Engineering Festival on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

Patricia Glaza

2012-12-01

345

Hydrogen ICE Vehicle Testing Activities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity teamed with Electric Transportation Applications and Arizona Public Service to develop and monitor the operations of the APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant. The Pilot Plant provides 100% hydrogen, and hydrogen and compressed natural gas (H/CNG)-blended fuels for the evaluation of hydrogen and H/CNG internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in controlled and fleet testing environments. Since June 2002, twenty hydrogen and H/CNG vehicles have accumulated 300,000 test miles and 5,700 fueling events. The AVTA is part of the Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These testing activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This paper discusses the Pilot Plant design and monitoring, and hydrogen ICE vehicle testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01

346

Research and Development Conference CIEE Program 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

CIEE's second annual Research and Development Conference will introduce you to some of the results achieved to date through CIEE-sponsored multiyear research performed in three programs: Building Energy Efficiency, Air Quality Impacts of Energy Efficiency, and End-Use Resource Planning. Results from scoping studies, Director's discretionary research, and exploratory research will also be featured in this report.

1992-01-01

347

Niobrara development program, Washington County, CO  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The gas producing section of the Niobrara formation is a low pressure, low permeability chalk. To evaluate the potential of this tight gas reserve, reservoir data were obtianed in a systematic program. These data demonstrate that many Niobrara wells can be produced profitably when stimulated by hydraulic fracturing and that an economically optimal fracture treatment can be designed. The described techniques generally may be applied for development of a variety of tight reservoirs through hydraulic fracturing. 10 references.

Hanley, E.J.; Vanhorn, L.E.

1982-03-01

348

Developing a meaningful QA trend analysis program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A trend analysis program is being developed by the nuclear quality assurance (NQA) department at Public Service Electric and Gas Company, adapted from the principles advocated by W. Edwards Deming using statistical process control methods. It deals with identifying performance indicators that monitor the activities of a process considering both inputs and outputs, determining whether the process is stable or unstable, taking actions accordingly, and continuing to monitor the process with the objective of continual improvement of quality.

Sternberg, A.

1987-01-01

349

Game Programming Course - Creative Design and Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rapid developments of the Electronic Entertainment - computer and video games, virtual environments, the "Games 3.0" revolution - influences also courses about Games and Virtual Environments. In the following is discussed the course “Games and Virtual Environments” presented in the fall 2007 term in Tallinn University of Technology; the main emphasis of the course was not on programming technology, but on understanding games as a special form of communication and exploring specific features of this form.

Jaak Henno; Hannu Jaakkola

2008-01-01

350

Development of DOE lessons learned programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective is to open lines of communication between DOE effective lessons-learned programs with minimal impact to existing processes and methods. Since the technical standard uses existing communication links, impact to resources should be minimal. Purpose of developing ``lessons learned`` is to share and use information to promote recurrence of desirable activities, or to preclude recurrence of undesirable activities. This technical standard is designed to facilitate the sharing of information in a consistent manner across the DOE complex.

NONE

1995-05-01

351

Borehole Plugging-Materials Development Program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report discusses the background and first year's results of the grouting materials development program for plugging boreholes associated with the Nuclear Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. The grouts are to be pumpable, impermeable, and durable for many thousands of years. The work was done at the Concrete Laboratory of the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES), Vicksburg, Mississippi. The workability, strength, porosity, bonding, expansion, and permeability data are summarized and discussed. The work is continuing at WES

1978-01-01

352

Results from the SLAC PSC development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Planar Spark Counters (PSC's) have unique detection properties for charged particles. These counters have achieved the best time resolutions of any particle detector. This in combination with their other properties makes PSC's attractive for use in high energy particle physics. At SLAC a program to develop this technology has been in progress since 1978. Last year a pair of PSC's at the PEP storage ring were tested. The results are reported here

1982-01-01

353

Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program  

Science.gov (United States)

... EHR July 18: ENG July 19: GEO, MPS, SBE, OPP SUMMARY OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS General Information ... for further information. TABLE OF CONTENTS Summary of Program Requirements Introduction Program ...

354

Comparative Study of Dynamic Programming and Pontryagin’s Minimum Principle on Energy Management for a Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper compares two optimal energy management methods for parallel hybrid electric vehicles using an Automatic Manual Transmission (AMT). A control-oriented model of the powertrain and vehicle dynamics is built first. The energy management is formulated as a typical optimal control problem to trade off the fuel consumption and gear shifting frequency under admissible constraints. The Dynamic Programming (DP) and Pontryagin’s Minimum Principle (PMP) are applied to obtain the optimal solutions. Tuning with the appropriate co-states, the PMP solution is found to be very close to that from DP. The solution for the gear shifting in PMP has an algebraic expression associated with the vehicular velocity and can be implemented more efficiently in the control algorithm. The computation time of PMP is significantly less than DP.

Zou Yuan; Liu Teng; Sun Fengchun; Huei Peng

2013-01-01

355

DEVELOPMENT WORK FOR IMPROVED HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE MODELING CAPABILITY DATA MINING--FHWA DATASETS  

Science.gov (United States)

A heavy-duty vehicle can produce 10 to 100 times the emissions (of NOx and PM emissions especially) of a light-duty vehicle, so heavy-duty vehicle activity needs to be well characterized. Key uncertainties with the use of MOBILE6 regarding heavy-duty vehicle emissions include th...

356

RD&D Cooperation for the Development of Fuel Cell, Hybrid and Electric Vehicles within the International Energy Agency: Preprint  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Annex XIII on 'Fuel Cell Vehicles' of the Implementing Agreement Hybrid and Electric Vehicles of the International Energy Agency has been operating since 2006, complementing the ongoing activities on battery and hybrid electric vehicles within this group. This paper provides an overview of the Annex XIII final report for 2010, compiling an up-to-date, neutral, and comprehensive assessment of current trends in fuel cell vehicle technology and related policy. The technological description includes trends in system configuration as well as a review of the most relevant components including the fuel cell stack, batteries, and hydrogen storage. Results from fuel cell vehicle demonstration projects around the world and an overview of the successful implementation of fuel cells in specific transport niche markets will also be discussed. The final section of this report provides a detailed description of national research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) efforts worldwide.

Telias, G.; Day, K.; Dietrich, P.

2011-01-01

357

Development of a microcontroller based vehicle monitor using plastic scintillator detector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The regular operation of nuclear facilities generates significant amounts of radioactive and non radioactive wastes. Often there is a possibility of these getting mixed up and inadvertently being sent for recycling leading to radioactive contamination in the public domain. It is mandatory that all scrap and garbage generated in and around nuclear facilities are monitored before being sent out for recycling or dumping. This becomes more important particularly during the decommissioning of reactors when optimization of the amount nuclear waste generated is very important. A very effective method for monitoring is by using large volume plastic scintillator detectors. The Vehicle Monitoring System (VMS) that was developed for this purpose uses four plastic scintillator detectors of 0.05 m diameter and 0.5 m length. The system designed and was calibrated to independently measure the radiation field of each detector. The hardware for the system was developed using Philips 80C552 microcontroller based Single Board Computer (SBC). The microcontroller software was developed using Keil environment on a Windows Platform. The counts recorded for 5 seconds are sent to the PC continuously. As a backup the minutely average data is also stored in the SBC RAM and can be transferred to the PC on request. The SBC RAM can store the 18 hours data. A watchdog timer was also incorporated in the SBC software to keep it operational after a system hang up due to any unforeseen electrical disturbances. The scrap containing vehicles or trucks to be monitored have to be stationed on the road alongside the Vehicle Monitor. The radiation field data is sent to a remote PC for analysis and storage. A comparative study was done with a Gamma Tracer with the average of the data from 4 detectors. There was very good correlation between data from the two systems. The Vehicle Monitor has much more stability and sensitivity as compared with Gamma Tracer. Apart from vehicle monitoring, the system continuously acquires data and can also be used to study the variations in the ambient radiation background

2010-01-01

358

Developing a smartphone 'app' for public health research: the example of measuring observed smoking in vehicles.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: We have developed manual methods to gather data on the point prevalence of observed smoking in road vehicles. To enable the widespread international collection of such data, we aimed to develop a smartphone application (app) for this work. METHODS: We developed specifications for an app that described the: (1) variables that could be collected; (2) transfer of data to an online repository; (3) user interface (including visual schematics) and (4) processes to ensure the data authenticity from distant observers. The app functionality was trialled in roadside situations and the app was made publicly available. RESULTS: The smartphone app and its accompanying website were developed, tested and released over a period of 6 months. Users (n=18) who have registered themselves (and who met authentication criteria), have reported no significant problems with this application to date (observing 20 535 vehicles as of 5 July 2012). The framework, methodology and source code for this project are now freely available online and can be easily adapted for other research purposes. The prevalence of smoking in vehicles was observed in: Poland 2.7% (95% CI 2.3% to 3.1%); Australia 1.0% (95% CI 0.7% to 1.3%); New Zealand 2.9% (95% CI 2.6% to 3.2%)-similar to results using preapp methods in 2011 (3.2%, 95% CI 3.1% to 3.3%). CONCLUSIONS: This project indicates that it can be practical and feasible for health researchers to work together with information science researchers and software developers to create smartphone apps for field research in public health. Such apps may be used to collect observational data more widely, effectively and easily than through traditional (non-electronic) methods.

Patel V; Nowostawski M; Thomson G; Wilson N; Medlin H

2013-05-01

359

Development of a methanol fuel cell vehicle; Methanol kaishitsushiki nenryo denchisha FCV no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Outlined herein is a methanol-reforming type fuel cell vehicle (FCV), now under development. The Nissan Motors' test vehicle is driven by a solid polymer type fuel cell, known for its high output density and easiness of handling. It uses Naficon for the electrolyte and Pt and Pt+Ru for the catalytic electrodes. The vehicle carries a reformer for production of hydrogen from methanol, a liquid fuel easily reformed, viewed from energy storage density and infrastructure. The reformer works on steam reforming, known for its high efficiency, and is equipped with a Pd hydrogen permeation system to remove residual CO. The reformer shows a high efficiency of at least 70%. The air compressor is of a screw type. These elements and auxiliary devices constitute the fuel cell power unit. Its efficiency is approximately 30% at present, but will be improved by, e.g., optimization of quantity of air for the reformer. The test unit is a hybrid system, being equipped with this unit and a Li ion secondary battery system. A hierarchical structure is adopted for the FCV control system. The basic data have been obtained by tests, including running tests. (NEDO)

Sasaki, M.; Imaseki, T.; Yagi, Y.; Hashigaya, H.; Idoguchi, R.; Iio, M.; Okamoto, M. [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-06-01

360

Interaction of subway LIM vehicle with ballasted track in polygonal wheel wear development  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper develops a coupled dynamics model for a linear induction motor (LIM) vehicle and a subway track to investigate the influence of polygonal wheels of the vehicle on the dynamic behavior of the system. In the model, the vehicle is modeled as a multi-body system with 35 degrees of freedom. A Timoshenko beam is used to model the rails which are discretely supported by sleepers. The sleepers are modeled as rigid bodies with their vertical, lateral, and rolling motions being considered. In order to simulate the vehicle running along the track, a moving sleeper support model is introduced to simulate the excitation by the discrete sleeper supporters, in which the sleepers are assumed to move backward at a constant speed that is the same as the train speed. The Hertzian contact theory and the Shen-Hedrick-Elkins' model are utilized to deal with the normal dynamic forces and the tangential forces between wheels and rails, respectively. In order to better characterize the linear metro system (LMS), Euler beam theory based on modal superposition method is used to model LIM and RP. The vertical electric magnetic force and the lateral restoring force between the LIM and RP are also taken into consideration. The former has gap-varying nonlinear characteristics, whilst the latter is considered as a constant restoring force of 1 kN. The numerical analysis considers the effect of the excitation due to polygonal wheels on the dynamic behavior of the system at different wear stages, in which the used data regarding the polygonal wear on the wheel tread are directly measured at the subway site.

Li, Ling; Xiao, Xin-Biao; Jin, Xue-Song

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
361

Research, development, and demonstration of nickel-iron batteries for electric-vehicle propulsion. Annual report for 1982  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of the work reported is to develop a nickel-iron battery system suitable for use in the propulsion of electric and electric/hybrid vehicles. Work efforts addressed include: production capacity development, nickel plaque development, experimental plaque impregnation measurement, cell development, and battery development. (LEW)

1983-05-01

362

Futuristic research and development for the environment and traffic, electric vehicles and vehicle electronics; Zukunftsweisende Forschung und Entwicklung fuer Umwelt und Verkehr, Elektrofahrzeuge und Fahrzeugelektronik  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For more than 25 years, DAUG has been successfully working in the field of alternative vehicle drives, particularly in the areas of electric traction and battery technology. The work extends from basic research into battery technology via development activities and the construction of prototypes to mass production. In 1990 these areas of activity were expanded by the mass production development of vehicle electronics and research, development and consultancy activities in the field of the environment and traffic. (orig.) [Deutsch] Seit ueber 25 Jahren arbeitet die DAUG erfolgreich auf dem Feld alternativer Fahrzeugantriebe, insbesondere in den Bereichen Elektrotraktion und Batterietechnik. Die Arbeiten reichen von der Grundlagenforschung in der Batterietechnik ueber Entwicklungstaetigkeiten und Prototypenbau bis hin zur Serienproduktion. 1990 wurden diese Taetigkeitsfelder um die Serienentwicklung von Fahrzeugelektronik sowie Forschungs-, Entwicklungs- und Consultingtaetigkeiten im Bereich Umwelt und Verkehr erweitert. (orig.)

Anon.

1995-12-31

363

Development of an effective valve packing program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Current data now shows that graphite valve packing installed within the guidance of a controlled program produces not only reliable stem sealing but predictable running loads. By utilizing recent technological developments in valve performance monitoring for both MOV's and AOV's, valve packing performance can be enhanced while reducing maintenance costs. Once known, values are established for acceptable valve packing loads, the measurement of actual valve running loads via the current MOV/AOV diagnostic techniques can provide indication of future valve stem sealing problems, improper valve packing installation or identify the opportunity for valve packing program improvements. At times the full benefit of these advances in material and predictive technology remain under utilized due to simple past misconceptions associated with valve packing. This paper will explore the basis for these misconceptions, provide general insight into the current understanding of valve packing and demonstrate how with this new understanding and current valve diagnostic equipment the key aspects required to develop an effective, quality valve packing program fit together. The cost and operational benefits provided by this approach can be significant impact by the: elimination of periodic valve repacking, reduction of maintenance costs, benefits of leak-free valve operation, justification for reduced Post Maintenance Test Requirements, reduced radiation exposure, improved plant appearance

1996-01-01

364

Development of an effective valve packing program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Current data now shows that graphite valve packing installed within the guidance of a controlled program produces not only reliable stem sealing but predictable running loads. By utilizing recent technological developments in valve performance monitoring for both MOV`s and AOV`s, valve packing performance can be enhanced while reducing maintenance costs. Once known, values are established for acceptable valve packing loads, the measurement of actual valve running loads via the current MOV/AOV diagnostic techniques can provide indication of future valve stem sealing problems, improper valve packing installation or identify the opportunity for valve packing program improvements. At times the full benefit of these advances in material and predictive technology remain under utilized due to simple past misconceptions associated with valve packing. This paper will explore the basis for these misconceptions, provide general insight into the current understanding of valve packing and demonstrate how with this new understanding and current valve diagnostic equipment the key aspects required to develop an effective, quality valve packing program fit together. The cost and operational benefits provided by this approach can be significant impact by the: elimination of periodic valve repacking, reduction of maintenance costs, benefits of leak-free valve operation, justification for reduced Post Maintenance Test Requirements, reduced radiation exposure, improved plant appearance.

Hart, K.A.

1996-12-01

365

Overview of Japanese control rods development program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japanese control rods development program was established based on the fast breeder reactor program. Therefore, PNC's efforts have been made mainly for the development of analysis, design and fabrication technologies for ''JOYO'' and ''MONJU'' control rods. Laboratory studies were performed to obtain the information for absorber materials. The design and fabrication of the sealed and vented type control rod pins were completed, and water loop tests and in-sodium tests were carried out. Irradiation behavior of enriched B4C pellets with low and high density in DFR was examined. Japan's experimental fast reactor, JOYO, has been operated at the rated power of 50MWt and 75MWt since April 1977 when the MK-I core (breeder core) attained initial criticality. Post irradiation examinations on control rod, removed from the reactor, were carried out and their performance behavior were evaluated. In the MK-II core, a control rods monitoring program has been in investigation. Absorber Materials Irradiation Rigs (AMIR) are scheduled to be loaded and irradiated in the JOYO MK-II core from 1984. (author).

1984-01-01

366

Identification of concurrencies for parallel program development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An intermediate step in the design process for concurrent software systems is proposed in this dissertation. The concurrency identification method is intended to be a manual step that mediates between Senn's system development steps setting detailed system requirements and specification of new system (functional). Manual identification is proposed as a device for stimulating a developer's intellect so that new solutions can be developed as opposed to reiterating known solutions generated by automated detection. The concurrency identification method presented was derived from an insight into the precedence relationships necessary for system specifications to be defined. This insight was verified by examining a well defined construct for concurrency. The properties of the construct found to be important for the identification of concurrency are (1) that tasks may be abstracted as logically indivisible steps, (2) that tasks operate independently during an atomic step, (3) that ordering of concurrent operations is unimportant, (4) that continuation and concurrency are not mutually exclusive, and (5) that indeterminate order does not preclude determinate results. Once the identification method was developed, its use was demonstrated by investigating the concurrencies of the Special Constrained Multiparametric Linear Programming (SCMLP) problem. Although the proposed concurrency identification method allows detection of high level concurrencies, the concurrencies revealed in the SCMLP by the proposed concurrency identification method were primarily on an operational level. The higher level concurrencies detected by the identification method stemmed largely from the possibility of multiple optimal solutions in linear programming problems.

Maris, J.B.

1989-01-01

367

Final Technical Report for Chief Scientist for Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerial Vehicle Program (AVP)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The major responsibilities of the PI were identified as 1) the formulation of campaign plans, 2) the representation of AVP in various scientific communities inside and outside of ARM and the associated working groups, 3) the coordination and selection of the relative importance of the three different focus areas (routine observations, IOPs, instrument development program), 4) the examination and quality control of the data collected by AVP, and 5) providing field support for flight series. This report documents the accomplishments in each of these focus areas for the 3 years of funding for the grant that were provided.

Greg M. McFarquhar

2011-10-21

368

Child Development Program Evaluation: Its Past, Present and Future.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Child Development Program Evaluation (CDPE) conducted by the Pennsylvania Department of Welfare's Bureau of Child Development Programs is detailed. The bureau established as a priority the development and implementation of a standardized statewide lic...

Douglas, Earl Fiene, Richard Aronson, Susan

1977-01-01

369

An integrated electric vehicle demonstration program using electricity supplied by photovoltaics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This project involves an integrated demonstration of the use of electricity provided by photovoltaics (PVs) to supply a fleet of electric vehicles (EVs) and domestic loads on Lord Howe Island, located 500 km east of the Australian coast about 880 km north east of Sydney. With the Island`s World Heritage Listing on environmental grounds, there is growing concern about human impact, particularly of motor vehicles. This paper investigates the present status of EVs and PVs in terms of their use on the Island and concludes that there are both economic and environmental benefits arising from the use of EVs supplied by electricity generated by PVs. 10 refs

Gosden, D.F. [Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Murray, C. [Eastern Australia Airlines Agent, Lord Howe Island (Australia)

1995-12-31

370

National development program for Finnish hospital facilities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To better understand the needs of future hospitals, a nationwide renovation program concerning hospital buildings was recently launched in Finland. Its aims are to develop tools for performing regional long-term plans (including space requirement estimation), to produce criteria for estimating the usability, operability, technical systems, and the basis for physical condition surveys and renovation design, to develop renovation processes for hospital facilities, to develop new tools for property management, to carry out pilot studies with the tools, and to find alternative solutions to owning, financing and managing hospital properties. All these starting points together define the basis for the future spatial needs and operational planning of such premises. The property management and technology of a hospital must be optimized to meet certain requirements, and the planning of renovations must be based on feasibility studies. In addition, increasing attention must be paid to the overall economy and efficiency of owning and managing health care property.

Kari Reijula; Ulla-Maija Hellgren; Rauno Holopainen; Pirjo Korhonen; Sanna Lappalainen; Eero Palomäki; Jari Palonen; Antti Autio; Hennu Kjisik; Hannu Koski; Kimmo Virtanen; Hanna Kaleva; Markku Rantama; E Vauramo

2008-01-01

371

Test program development for ITER blanket design  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Test programs for water-cooled and helium-cooled blankets have been developed. Following the description of ITER Experimental and DEMO reactors and blankets proposed for it, which are recently developed in Japan, test items and their features are indicated, Tests required for the development of ITER and DEMO blankets consist of neutronics test, scoping test, performance and performance verification tests, reliability enhancement test, and segment demonstration test. Procedure for these tests has been evolved on the assumption that neutron fluences onto test ports during the BPP and the EPP are 0.1 MWa/m{sup 2} and 1-3 MWa/m{sup 2}, respectively. Comprehensive tests of the ITER driver blanket during the BPP are also proposed, which consist of neutronics and performance verification tests. (author).

Kurasawa, Toshimasa; Sato, Satoshi; Furuya, Kazuyuki; Nakahira, Masataka; Togami, Ikuhide; Hashimoto, Toshiyuki; Takatsu, Hideyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment; Kuroda, Toshimasa

1995-03-01

372

Mixed Waste Integrated Program emerging technology development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for the management and treatment of its mixed low-level wastes (MLLW). MLLW are regulated under both the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and various DOE orders. Over the next 5 years, DOE will manage over 1.2 m{sup 3} of MLLW and mixed transuranic (MTRU) wastes. In order to successfully manage and treat these mixed wastes, DOE must adapt and develop characterization, treatment, and disposal technologies which will meet performance criteria, regulatory approvals, and public acceptance. Although technology to treat MLLW is not currently available without modification, DOE is committed to developing such treatment technologies and demonstrating them at the field scale by FY 1997. The Office of Research and Development`s Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP) within the DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM), OfFice of Technology Development, is responsible for the development and demonstration of such technologies for MLLW and MTRU wastes. MWIP advocates and sponsors expedited technology development and demonstrations for the treatment of MLLW.

Berry, J.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hart, P.W. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-06-01

373

Development program for the high-temperature nuclear process heat system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A comprehensive development program plan for a high-temperature nuclear process heat system with a very high temperature gas-cooled reactor heat source is presented. The system would provide an interim substitute for fossil-fired sources and ultimately the vehicle for the production of substitute and synthetic fuels to replace petroleum and natural gas. The dwindling domestic reserves of petroleum and natural gas dictate major increases in the utilization of coal and nuclear sources to meet the national energy demand. The nuclear process heat system has significant potential in a unique combination of the two sources that is environmentally and economically attractive and technically sound: the production of synthetic fuels from coal. In the longer term, it could be the key component in hydrogen production from water processes that offer a substitute fuel and chemical feedstock free of dependence on fossil-fuel reserves. The proposed development program is threefold: a process studies program, a demonstration plant program, and a supportive research and development program. Optional development scenarios are presented and evaluated, and a selection is proposed and qualified. The interdependence of the three major program elements is examined, but particular emphasis is placed on the supportive research and development activities. A detailed description of proposed activities in the supportive research and development program with tentative costs and schedules is presented as an appendix with an assessment of current status and planning

1975-01-01

374

EVALUATION OF TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An Evaluation of the “Impact Assessment of the Training Programs” of a National Level Training Institution in India was conducted using the Kirkpatrick Method (KP Method). The studied Institution takes up research, provides training, offers consultancy and initiates action in the rural sector of India. The evaluation study used a detailed questionnaire for conducting a survey on the entire population of participants who attended the training programs in the selected study period. Personal interviews and workshops were also conducted with respondents to understand the behavioural changes and results seen in the work environment. The study brought out the need to understand the training evaluation as a continuous process, requiring periodic review and analysis of the needs of the various sectors of rural development. It reiterated the need to develop a systematic evaluation process within the institution. It also showed that the rural development professionals undergoing training themselves were keen to participate in the evaluation process so as to help in the process of self-learning and bring about sustainable changes.

A. INDIRA

2008-01-01

375

Development of automated guided vehicle system. Mujin hanso system (AGVS) no kaihatsu  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The automated guided vehicle system (AGVS) developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. is used at a new factory which manufactures jet engine components. The system consists of the multiple intelligent AGVs, the main control system, the communication system, the controller of confluence, induced lines, and many stations. The main controller selects the most suitable AGC, and commands the departure station, the route and the destination station. The intelligent'' AGV performs the commands and communicates the current potions and status and so on. This paper describes these functions land the actual results. 3 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Oda, Y.; Nakajima, O.; Hata, J.; Ebine, M.; Noda, T.; Noro, O.; Nagao, Y.; Misumi, T. (Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan))

1991-01-20

376

Niobrara development program, Washington County, CO  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Niobrara formation is highly water-sensitive and susceptible to damage. Its gas-producing section consists of high-porosity, low-pressure, low-permeability chalk. Reservoir data obtained in a systematic reserves-evaluation program demonstrated that many Niobrara wells can produce gas profitably when hydraulically fractured. The results of empirical tests to determine the economically optimal stimulation method showed that larger treatments are not necessarily better. On a payout basis, the optimal stimulation proved to be 95,000 lbm of sand. The procedures used to develop the Niobrara formation are applicable to other low-permeability reservoirs.

Hanley, E.J.; VanHorn, L.E.

1982-03-01

377

Oracle PLSQL Programming A Developer's Workbook  

CERN Multimedia

However excellent they are, most computer books are inherently passive--readers simply take in text without having any opportunity to react to it. The Oracle PL/SQL Developer's Workbook is a different kind of animal! It's designed to engage you actively, to get you solving programming problems immediately, and to help you apply what you've learned about PL/SQL--and in the process deepen your knowledge of the language. By tackling the exercises in this workbook, you'll find yourself moving more rapidly along the learning curve to join the growing ranks of PL/SQL experts. The Oracle PL/SQL

Feuerstein, Steven

2008-01-01

378

HV switch tube development program: TFTR  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The high voltage switch tube development program has now reached the stage where test work on completed full size tubes is in progress. Both firms have completed their designs and have built tubes. Eimac has recently brought their first tube through exhaust and has started their test program. RCA exhausted their first tube in April 1977 and their second tube in September 1977. The first tube has been tested at 200 kV and 65 A. However, it has exhibited instabilities with sustained oscillations in the 1000 to 1700 MHz band. Following an extensive investigative program, which included computer aided analysis in which the tube was analyzed as a complex microwave structure and utilizing laboratory cold probing techniques, a series of lossy, frequency selective traps were added to the second tube in an attempt to quench the oscillations. This tube has successfully undergone high voltage testing and preliminary power testing. Some instabilities still remain which may be quenched by suppressors external to the tube envelope

379

Development of degraded core coolability analysis program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In case of a severe accident of a light water reactor caused by loss of core cooling capacity, as was observed in the TMI-2 accident, a debris bed consisting of the degraded core materials may be formed as the result of the interaction between the melting core materials and coolant water. Since the debris bed continues to release decay heat, the debris bed would melt again if the debris bed would not be cooled. Therefore, it is quite important to estimate the coolability of the debris bed in order to evaluate accident progression and terminate the accident within the reactor pressure vessel. In this work, the degraded core coolability analysis program to predict dryout heat flux of the debris bed and the database containing the previous experimental results were developed. In addition, the analysis program was verified by comparing the analysis results with the experimantals. It is expected that the analysis program would offer valuable information for the accident progression analysis and the accidnet management straregies togather with database. (author)

1989-01-01

380

Compressed Natural Gas Installation. A Video-Based Training Program for Vehicle Conversion. Instructor's Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

This instructor's guide contains the materials required to teach four competency-based course units of instruction in installing compressed natural gas (CNG) systems in motor vehicles. It is designed to accompany an instructional videotape (not included) on CNG installation. The following competencies are covered in the four instructional units:…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

 
 
 
 
381

Vehicle emissions team report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Emissions from vehicles can result in air quality issues that affect human health. This study assessed the success of various Clean Air Strategic Alliance (CASA) vehicle emissions initiatives and examined the studies in relation to other work by federal, provincial, and municipal stakeholders in Alberta. The studies examined in this report included the Roadside Optical Vehicle Emissions Reporter (ROVER) project; the Breathe Easy Program (BEP); the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) project; the Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Clean Commute package; and the Off-Road Big Industrial Truck (ORBIT) project. Data gaps in the studies were identified in order to develop focus areas for future studies. Social marketing and technologies designed to reduce emissions were reviewed. The report demonstrated that many CASA initiatives have raised awareness, improved knowledge, and leveraged resources in an attempt to reduce harmful air emissions in Alberta. 11 refs., 1 tab., 1 fig., 6 appendices.

NONE

2010-08-31

382

Presentation of CAE system for motor sports vehicle chassis development; Motor sports sharyo no shassis kaihatsuyo CAE system no shokai  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the recent motor sports vehicle development introduction of a new model in a short cycle to secure high competition ability shortens the period from its completion to the race. And application of embedded controls makes development process more complicated. In this circumstance, predictive development style becomes more important in order to achieve the performance at high level when the new car is at shakedown. In this paper, summary and the application examples are presented with regard to three important CAE tools such as lap time simulation, vehicle dynamics simulation and suspension kinematics simulation which are developed to realize the said development style. (author)

Tokunaga, N.; Ueda, E. [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

2000-02-01

383

Static firing test results of the H-I and H-II launch vehicle development at the Tanegashima Space Center  

Science.gov (United States)

In addition to its H-I launch vehicle complex, Japan's Tanegashima Space Center (TSC) encompasses three static-firing test facilities. These facilities will respectively be used in the course of the H-II launch vehicle development program for the static firing of strap-on boosters, the MB-3 liquid-fueled engine, and the Yoshinobu static firing test facility for the LE-7 staged combustion-cycle first-stage engine. Results are presented from static firings for the three H-II components which have been conducted to date. The first flight of the H-II, following completion of static tests at the aforementioned TSC facilities, is scheduled for 1993.

Sekita, Ryuichi; Haraguchi, Yoshitaka; Konno, Akira; Saito, Takashi

1991-10-01

384

Remote site survey and characterization for the national ER and WM program using the SRIP (Soldier Robot Interface Project) vehicle  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Burial site characterization is an important first step in cleanup, restoration, and decontamination activities. An early field demonstration of buried waste site survey and characterization will be conducted using a remotely operated vehicle equipped with sensors, manipulator system, and vision system. The use of remote technology provides a means of initial identification of potential hazards before personnel enter the site. The demonstration will provide a means of evaluating the applicability of sensor systems to remote operation and for improving productivity through future automation. An existing vehicle, developed by the US Army for the Soldier Robot Interface Project (SRIP), will be utilized for the demonstration. The vehicle is a modified skid-steered, diesel-powered utility vehicle with a six-degrees-of-freedom (DOF), 136-kg-capacity manipulator, and an on-board computer system. The vehicle is teleoperated from a remote driving console over a radio data link. Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) ultrasonic ranging and data system (USRADS) is used to determine xy position on the test site and to transmit sensor data by radio to the USRADS control station. The results of the survey will give personnel an indication of potential hazards and the locations of buried materials. These results will be compared with results of previous surveys of the test site. In addition, ORNL's Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research will also be using the Hostile Environment Robotic Machine Intelligence Experiment Series III (HERMIES-III) mobile robot to demonstrate robotic assessment and mapping of facility contamination.

Richardson, B.S.; Killough, S.M.; Blair, M.S.; Herndon, J.N.; Hamel, W.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-06-01

385

Elaboration of a Program to Facilitate the Implementation of the Directive 2009/33/EC on the Promotion of Clean and Energy-Efficient Road Motor Vehicles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The energy consumption, carbon-dioxide and other air pollutant emissions of motor vehicles can be reduced substantially by various recently developed technical solutions. The use of these new technologies increases the price of the vehicles which causes an unwanted economic burden for the purchasers of such vehicles. The market competition between manufacturers requires low prices which delays the adaptation of the new, more efficient technologies. The recently enacted legislation, aimed at the promotion of purchasing clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles, intends to remedy this problem.

Krisztián Uhlik; György Szabados; Ádám Török

2012-01-01

386

The Advanced Petroleum-Based Fuels Program Evaluation of EC-Diesel and Diesel Particulate Filters in Southern California Vehicle Fleets  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The EC-Diesel and particulate filter combination greatly reduced the particulate matter, hydrocarbon, and carbon monoxide emissions of all vehicles tested in the program to date. Particulate matter reductions greater than 98% were achieved. For several vehicles tested, the PM and HC emissions were less than background levels. Based on preliminary statistical analysis, there is 95%+ confidence that EC-D and particulate filters reduced emissions from three different types of vehicles. A fuel consumption penalty was not detectable using the current test procedures and chassis dynamometer laboratory. Test vehicles equipped with the CRT and DPX particulate filters and fueled with EC-Diesel fuel have operated reliably during the program start-up period.

None

2000-04-10

387

Development of an autonomous design program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Presented is a general approach to the development of an ''intelligent'' computer program that designs technical devices and systematically improves its capability without human intervention. The methodology is based on the recognition that effective use of computers requires employment of clearly defined concepts and precise language, therefore, significant effort is devoted to the formulation of the design problem in mathematical terms. This formulation is based on the introduction of metrizable performance and configuration spaces and on the representation of the design process as a mapping from the performance into the configuration space; the inverse of this mapping represents the design evaluation. An essential part of the design mapping, as we define it, is design optimization. For that purpose we developed a generalized simulated annealing method capable of locating global extrema of multidimensional functions that have numerous local extreme and may not be differentiable. The optimization method is interesting in its own right, for its applicability transcends the original intent. The exploitation of the concept of the design mapping and the optimization algorithm are illustrated with an application to the design of optical lenses. This application was chosen because it offers the possibility to evaluate each design solely by computation and thus validate the program's capability without the need for a physical realization.

Bohachevsky, I.O.; Cotter, T.P.; Viswanathan, V.K.

1985-01-01

388

Energy efficient vehicles technology II  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book presents the proceedings of the 2{sup nd} International Energy Efficient Vehicles Conference (EEVC 2012) which took place from June 18{sup th}-19{sup th} in Dresden, Germany. The special conference program for EEVC 2012 contained contributions and presentations by researchers, developers, product planners and managers of the main German and international vehicle manufacturers, system suppliers and research institutes. So all the main topics related to energy efficient vehicles could be covered, as there are for example new development and optimization strategies, battery management systems, different power net topologies and hybridization concepts (e.g. hydraulic power trains). A special focus lies on different aspects of electric vehicles as there are charging strategies, light weight construction and also the point of view from an energy supplier. (orig.)

Baeker, Bernard; Morawietz, Lutz (eds.) [Dresden Univ. of Technology (Germany). Dept. of Vehicle Mechatronics

2012-11-01

389

Railway vehicles the focus of development; Eisenbahnfahrzeuge im Focus der Entwicklung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Every 18 months in Dresden, the Mechanical Engineering and Process Engineering Faculty of the University of Applied Sciences in Dresden, the Faculty of Transportation and Traffic Sciences 'Friedrich List' of the Dresden University of Technology and publishers Eurailpress Tetzlaff-Hestra Verlag of Hamburg hold a railway vehicle technology conference to discuss the findings of recent research into railway vehicle technology, the interaction between vehicle and guideway (wheel/rail), and vehicle maintenance. (orig.)

Dannehl, A. [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)

2007-07-01

390

Development of an on-board charge and discharge management system for electric-vehicle batteries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To improve the service quality of its electric-vehicle (EV) fleet ({approx} 500 vehicles) and master the behaviour of the valve-regulated lead/acid (VRLA) batteries, which power the major part of it, Electricite de France (EDF) has developed an on-board battery-management system. Information on the operating battery behaviour is given to the driver. Overdischarges can then be avoided. Rapid charging of VRLA batteries is monitored. The main available functions of this device are: (i) battery life recording, short- and long-term information storage is available; (ii) charge monitoring, communication with a 23 kW charger is established through an ISO 9141 interface; a fast-charging algorithm for VRLA batteries has been developed and up to 50% of the range can be returned to the EV in 20 min; (iii) battery management during driving, `orange` and `red` alarms related to the depth-of-discharge help the driver to manage the driving; cell overdischarges can then be avoided; (iv) maintenance, the faulty groups of cells are identified; (v) gauge (state-of-charge indicator), this function requires mid-term R and D; for the moment, only charged and discharged Ah are indicated but when more accurate state-of-charge prediction algorithms are available, the software will be up-graded. (orig.)

Alzieu, J. [Electricite de France, R and D Div., 77 Moret-sur-Loing (France); Gagnol, P. [Electricite de France, R and D Div., 77 Moret-sur-Loing (France); Smimite, H. [Univ. de Montpellier 2, Lab. d`Electrotechnique, 34 Montpellier (France)

1995-02-01

391

Preparing for Development Making the Most of Formal Leadership Programs  

CERN Document Server

Managers attend leadership development programs for any number of reasons. Sometimes an organization will nominate a specific manager for a program, or send all high-potential managers through a series of development programs. Some managers seek out development programs on their own as part of their personal career objectives. If you're scheduled to participate in a leadership development program, or if you're considering such a program, you can substantially increase the benefits to yourself and to your organization by preparing for the development experience. This guidebook will show you how

(CCL), Center for Creative Leadership; Johnson, Ellie

2011-01-01

392

Polymer OLED White Light Development Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors (OSRAM) successfully completed development, fabrication and characterization of the large area, polymer based white light OLED prototype at their OLED Research and Development (R&D) facility in San Jose, CA. The program, funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), consisted of three key objectives: (1) Develop new polymer materials and device architectures--in order to improve the performance of organic light emitters. (2) Develop processing techniques--in order to demonstrate and enable the manufacturing of large area, white light and color tunable, solid state light sources. (3) Develop new electronics and driving schemes for organic light sources, including color-tunable light sources. The key performance goals are listed. A world record efficiency of 25 lm/W was established for the solution processed white organic device from the significant improvements made during the project. However, the challenges to transfer this technology from an R&D level to a large tile format such as, the robustness of the device and the coating uniformity of large area panels, remain. In this regard, the purity and the blend nature of the materials are two factors that need to be addressed in future work. During the first year, OSRAM's Materials and Device group (M&D) worked closely with the major polymer material suppliers to develop the polymer emissive technology. M&D was successful in demonstrating a 7-8 lm/W white light source which was based on fluorescent materials. However, it became apparent that the major gains in efficiency could only be made if phosphorescent materials were utilized. Thus, in order to improve the performance of the resulting devices, the focus of the project shifted towards development of solution-processable phosphorescent light emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) and device architectures. The result is a higher efficiency than the outlined project milestone.

Homer Antoniadis; Vi-En Choong; Stelios Choulis; Brian Cumpston; Rahul Gupta; Mathew Mathai; Michael Moyer; Franky So

2005-12-19

393

The ANL electrochemical program for DOE on electric vehicle R D  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes the objectives, background, technical progress, and status of ANL electric vehicle battery R D tasks for DOE-EHP during the period of January 1 through March 31, 1991. The work is organized into the following six task areas: Project management; battery systems technology; lithium/sulfide batteries; advanced sodium/metal chloride battery; aqueous batteries; and EV Battery performance/life evaluation.

1991-01-01

394

In-core thermionic technology development program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of the Defense Special Weapons Agency (DSWA) In-core Thermionic Technology Program is to extend the state of the art of in-core thermionic power conversion in the US. GA is developing three technologies which will lead to a less expensive, high performance, testable multi-cell Thermionic Fuel Element (TFE). A key piece of technology, the emitter trilayer, allows the design of a testable conductively-coupled multi-cell (CC/MC) TFE. This design permits the complete checkout and operation of the TFE and TFE reactor prior to fuel loading. This allows the development of the fuel/clad and of the TFE to occur independently of each other and significantly reduces the cost of TFE fabrication and development testing. It eliminates the costs related to security of fueled TFEs. Another enhancing technology being developed is the fabrication of single crystal tungsten alloys. In previous TFEs, the fuel clad was fabricated from Chemically Vapor Deposited (CVD'd) tungsten. Since emitter deformation is dependent upon the creep strength of the fuel clad, a stronger emitter fuel clad will result in longer fueled emitter lifetime. Single crystal tungsten alloys have the highest creep strength known of any material. The development and manufacture of this alloy will greatly increase the fueled emitter deformation lifetime over existing CVD-Tungsten forms. The third technology being developed is that of oxygenated performance. The introduction of minute amounts of oxygen has been shown to significantly increase the performance of thermionic converters. Most examples of oxygenated performance have been short-lived and transient in nature. Several oxygen-delivery schemes will be investigated and tested which will deliver sustained, reproducible levels of increased performance.

Begg, L.L.

1998-07-01

395