WorldWideScience
1

Brenner tumour of the vagina.  

OpenAIRE

Polyps of the vagina are rare and are either of inflammatory/reactive or neoplastic origin. A case of extraovarian Brenner tumour of the vagina in a postmenopausal woman, who presented with a vaginal polyp, is described. The polyp was excised and on histological examination, had the triphasic pattern (transitional, glandular and stromal) characteristic of Brenner tumour. The histogenesis of Brenner tumour is discussed in the context of this unusual location and the controversy of its origin.

Rashid, A. M.; Fox, H.

1995-01-01

2

Antibiotic susceptibility of Atopobium vaginae  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have indicated that a recently described anaerobic bacterium, Atopobium vaginae is associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV. Thus far the four isolates of this fastidious micro-organism were found to be highly resistant to metronidazole and susceptible for clindamycin, two antibiotics preferred for the treatment of BV. Methods Nine strains of Atopobium vaginae, four strains of Gardnerella vaginalis, two strains of Lactobacillus iners and one strain each of Bifidobacterium breve, B. longum, L. crispatus, L. gasseri and L. jensenii were tested against 15 antimicrobial agents using the Etest. Results All nine strains of A. vaginae were highly resistant to nalidixic acid and colistin while being inhibited by low concentrations of clindamycin (range: G. vaginalis strains were also susceptible for clindamycin ( 256 ?g/ml but susceptible to clindamycin (0.023 – 0.125 ?g/ml. Conclusion Clindamycin has higher activity against G. vaginalis and A. vaginae than metronidazole, but not all A. vaginae isolates are metronidazole resistant, as seemed to be a straightforward conclusion from previous studies on a more limited number of strains.

Verschraegen Gerda

2006-03-01

3

Vesicouterine fistula and blind vagina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of vesicouterine fistula with blind vagina following cesarean section for obstructed labor is presented. It was surgically treated by fistulectomy, cervicoplasty and maintenance of bladder and cervical potency by catheterization. Intrauterine synechiae formation was prevented by copper T insertion and oral contraceptive pills. The patient is making uneventful a symptomatic progress planning to conceive. (author)

4

Intestinal prolapse through the vagina.  

OpenAIRE

We describe the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with an acute onset spontaneous vaginal vault rupture and intestinal prolapse through the vagina. Results of a literature survey are presented and the causes of vaginal vault rupture are discussed.

Patankar, R. V.; Scott, S. D.; Mcginn, F. P.

1993-01-01

5

Vagina invasion by cervical carcinoma.  

OpenAIRE

Seventy patients with cervical carcinoma who underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were evaluated to assess spread to the vagina. The overall vaginal invasion rate was 34.2% (24/70), with 36% (21/58) by squamous cell carcinoma, 25% (2/8) by adenocarcinoma and 25% (1/4) by adenosquamous carcinoma. A high vaginal invasion rate (45.7%) was noted in cases in which the cervical lesion was greater than 21 mm (p less than 0.05). Combined parametrial extention (45%) and combine...

Chen, Neng-jing

1984-01-01

6

Cáncer primario de vagina Vaginal primary cancer  

OpenAIRE

El carcinoma primario de vagina es una neoplasia poco frecuente, representando solamente el 1-2 % de todos los tumores malignos del área ginecológica. Según la FIGO solo se considera como cáncer primario de vagina a aquellas lesiones confinadas a la vagina sin invasión del cuello uterino o la vulva. El pronóstico depende principalmente del estadio en que se encuentra la enfermedad, pero la supervivencia se reduce en pacientes mayores de 60 años de edad, si son sintomáticos al momento ...

Raiza Ruiz Lorente; Daisy Hernández Durán; Tania Graciela Tamayo Lien; Ana Isabel de la Torre

2010-01-01

7

Yolk sac tumor of the vagina.  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT Malignant germ-cell tumors GCT are rare tumors of childhood accounting for less than 3% of pediatric malignancies. Endodermal sinus tumors EST form the most common histologic subtype of malignant GCT. The vagina is an extremely rare site for GCTs. An 8-month-old female was admitted with a short history of vaginal bleeding, and a mass protruding from the vagina. A mass was palpable anteriorly on rectal examination. Computed tomography showed a tumor mass pos...

Parvin Mahzouni; Shervin Pejhan; Mahmoud Ashrafi

2007-01-01

8

Reconstruction of Congenital Defects of the Vagina  

OpenAIRE

Congenital absence of the vagina is a relatively rare condition most commonly associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. Historically, several reconstructive techniques have been described to provide for functional vaginal reconstruction on these patients, both operative and nonoperative. Although there are many advantages and disadvantages of the various procedures, one experience with the use of split thickness skin grafts to reconstruct the vagina has produced acceptab...

Eldor, Liron; Friedman, Jeffrey D.

2011-01-01

9

Endodermal sinus tumor of vagina in infants  

OpenAIRE

Endodermal sinus tumor (or Yolk Sac tumor) of the vagina is a rare malignant germ-cell tumor which is seen exclusively in children younger than 3 years of age. We report two cases of endodermal sinus tumor of the vagina. In both cases no radiological investigation was done and serum alpha-fetoprotein was elevated. The histopathological examination of both the tumor masses revealed vaginal endodermal sinus tumor. Periodic-acid-Schiff stain with diastase showed diastase resistant hyaline globul...

Brijesh Thakur; Vatsala Misra; Pallavi Singh; Jitendra Singh Nigam; Smita Chauhan

2013-01-01

10

Cáncer primario de vagina / Vaginal primary cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El carcinoma primario de vagina es una neoplasia poco frecuente, representando solamente el 1-2 % de todos los tumores malignos del área ginecológica. Según la FIGO solo se considera como cáncer primario de vagina a aquellas lesiones confinadas a la vagina sin invasión del cuello uterino o la vulva. [...] El pronóstico depende principalmente del estadio en que se encuentra la enfermedad, pero la supervivencia se reduce en pacientes mayores de 60 años de edad, si son sintomáticos al momento del diagnóstico, tienen lesiones del centro y tercio inferior de la vagina o tienen tumores mal diferenciados. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar la experiencia en el manejo del cáncer primario de vagina, identificar variables demográficas y clínicas, mostrar la variedad histológica de presentación de esta neoplasia tan rara, así como el grado de diferenciación en cada caso. Igualmente relacionar estadio del cáncer, tratamiento y respuesta en cada una de las pacientes. Se trata de un estudio retrospectivo de cinco pacientes con cáncer primario de vagina atendidas en el Servicio de Patología de cuello del Hospital Ramón González Coro, durante el año 2008. La evaluación inicial consistió en una historia clínica completa, examen físico haciendo hincapié en el área ginecológica descartando lesiones en vulva o cuello uterino. A todas las pacientes se les realizó biopsia excisional del tumor, enviando la muestra al estudio histopatológico. Se les realizó cistoscopia, rectoscopia, urograma descendente, a aquellas pacientes con sospecha de infiltración de vejiga o recto, laboratorio, radiografía del tórax y se estadiaron según la clasificación de la FIGO. Abstract in english The primary vaginal carcinoma is a uncommon neoplasm present only in the 1-2% of all the malignant tumors of gynecology area. According to International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics only is considered as a primary vaginal cancer of those lesions confined to vagina without invasion of cerv [...] ix or the vulva. The prognosis depends mainly on the disease stage, but the survival is reduced in patients aged over 60 if they are symptomatic at diagnosis, have lesions of the center and the inferior third of vagina or have ill-differentiated. The objectives of present study were to assess the experience in the vaginal primary cancer management, to identify demographic and clinical variables, to show the histological variety of presentation of this so rare neoplasm, as well as the differentiation grade of each case and to relate the cancer stage, the treatment and the response of each patient. It is retrospective study conducted in 5 patients presenting vaginal primary cancer seen in the Cervix Pathology Service of the "Ramón González Coro" Gynecology and Obstetrics Hospital during 2008. The initial assessment included a complete medical record, physical examination with emphasis in the gynecological area ruling out vulva or cervix uteri lesions. All patients underwent excision biopsy of tumor with the corresponding histopathological study of the sample. A cystoscopy, rectoscopy descending urogram were carried out in those patients with a possible bladder or rectum infiltration, lab tests, thorax Rx staged according the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics classification.

Raiza, Ruiz Lorente; Daisy, Hernández Durán; Tania Graciela, Tamayo Lien; Ana Isabel, de la Torre.

2010-09-01

11

Susceptibility testing of Atopobium vaginae for dequalinium chloride  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis are major markers for bacterial vaginosis. We aimed to determine the MIC and MBC range of the broad-spectrum anti-infective and antiseptic dequalinium chloride for 28 strains, belonging to 4 species of the genus Atopobium, i.e. A. vaginae, A. minutum, A. rimae and A. parvulum. Methods The MIC was determined with a broth microdilution assay. Results The MIC and MBC for Atopobium spp. for dequalinium chloride ranged between Conclusions This study demonstrated that dequalinium chloride inhibits and kills clinical isolates of A. vaginae at concentrations similar to those of clindamycin and lower than those of metronidazole.

Lopes dos Santos Santiago Guido

2012-03-01

12

MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE VAGINA OF THE Myocastor coypus (COYPU) ESTUDIO MORFOLOGICO DE LA VAGINA DE Myocastor coypus (COIPO)  

OpenAIRE

The Myocastor coypus (coypu) is a medium size rodent internationally considered as a species of economic interest because its fur. The aims of this work was realized the morphological study of the vagina of coypu. The vagina of sexually mature coypus appeared as a tubular organ, 10.25±1.40 cm long. The vaginal wall was very thin. It was composed by four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and adventitia or serosa (according to the region). The lining epithelium of the mucosa was squamous ...

Felipe, Antonio E.; Alejandra Castro; Callejas, Santiago S.; Cabodevila, Jorge A.

2000-01-01

13

Primary melanoma of the vagina. A clinical case  

OpenAIRE

Primary melanoma of the vagina is a rare neoplasm that appears in the 6th and 7th decades of life. It has a poor prognosis, for which there is no consensus regarding treatment; indeed, the literature describes a number of therapeutic options. This paper describes a patient with vaginal melanoma treated by local excision and immunotherapy.

Isabel Alemany; Clara Olier; Judit Albareda

2011-01-01

14

MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE VAGINA OF THE Myocastor coypus (COYPU ESTUDIO MORFOLOGICO DE LA VAGINA DE Myocastor coypus (COIPO  

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Full Text Available The Myocastor coypus (coypu is a medium size rodent internationally considered as a species of economic interest because its fur. The aims of this work was realized the morphological study of the vagina of coypu. The vagina of sexually mature coypus appeared as a tubular organ, 10.25±1.40 cm long. The vaginal wall was very thin. It was composed by four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and adventitia or serosa (according to the region. The lining epithelium of the mucosa was squamous stratified and without glands. Two layers of smooth muscular tissue with abundance of connective tissue were differentiated in the muscularis. The tunica serosa, formed by connective tissue of dense aspect, had numerous big blood vesselsMyocastor coypus es un roedor de tamaño mediano, considerado internacionalmente como una especie de interés económico por sus cualidades peleteras. El estudio morfológico de su vagina reviste importancia en el marco de investigaciones de su fisiología reproductiva. La vagina de coipos sexualmente maduros se presentó como un órgano tubular, de 10,25 ± 1,40 cm de longitud. La pared vaginal fue muy delgada, distinguiéndose en ella cuatro túnicas: mucosa, submucosa, muscular y adventicia o serosa (según la región. Su epitelio de revestimiento era de tipo escamoso estratificado y aglandular. En la túnica muscular se diferenciaron dos capas de tejido muscular liso con abundancia de tejido conectivo. La serosa, conformada por tejido conectivo de aspecto denso, presentó numerosos y grandes vasos sanguíneos

Antonio E. Felipe

2000-01-01

15

Nanoparticle-based drug delivery to the vagina: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vaginal drug administration can improve prophylaxis and treatment of many conditions affecting the female reproductive tract, including sexually transmitted diseases, fungal and bacterial infections, and cancer. However, achieving sustained local drug concentrations in the vagina can be challenging, due to the high permeability of the vaginal epithelium and expulsion of conventional soluble drug dosage forms. Nanoparticle-based drug delivery platforms have received considerable attention for vaginal drug delivery, as nanoparticles can provide sustained release, cellular targeting, and even intrinsic antimicrobial or adjuvant properties that can improve the potency and/or efficacy of prophylactic and therapeutic modalities. Here, we review the use of polymeric nanoparticles, liposomes, dendrimers, and inorganic nanoparticles for vaginal drug delivery. Although most of the work toward nanoparticle-based drug delivery in the vagina has been focused on HIV prevention, strategies for treatment and prevention of other sexually transmitted infections, treatment for reproductive tract cancer, and treatment of fungal and bacterial infections are also highlighted. PMID:24830303

Ensign, Laura M; Cone, Richard; Hanes, Justin

2014-09-28

16

Primary Melanoma of the Vagina Treated by Imatinib: Case Report  

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Full Text Available Melanoma of the vagina is a rare lesion. It results from the malignant transformation of ectopic melanocytes occurring in post-menopause. The CKIT is expressed in 36% of cases in addition to melanoma markers. Prognosis is poor especially for inoperable and disseminated forms despite systemic therapy. Treatment with Imatinib is an option in cases of metastatic mucosal melanoma with CKIT mutation or amplification. We report the case of post-menopausal women, treated at Hassan II University Hospital, diagnosed with metastatic melanoma of the vagina, that didn’t respond to first line of chemotherapy, and received Imatinib as second line of treatment, with good clinical response and durable stability at radiological assessment.

Karima Oualla

2013-08-01

17

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the vagina.  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) usually develop in major nerve trunks, giving rise to tumors in the proximal portions of the upper and lower extremities and trunk. The MPNSTs primarily occurring in the female genital tract are quite rare. We describe a case of MPNST of the vagina and discuss its diagnosis and treatment. This patient was treated definitively with radical local excision and is well with no signs of recurrence 2 years postope...

Jie Zhang; Yang Sun; Zhi-lan Peng

2009-01-01

18

A case of small cell carcinoma of the vagina  

OpenAIRE

Primary small cell carcinoma of the vagina is quite rare, and a standard treatment has not been established yet. Herein, we report a case of an 81-year-old woman who was diagnosed with a vaginal tumor without continuity with the uterine cervix. Histopathological diagnosis indicated alveolar solid growth of nuclear chromatin-rich atypical cells with a high N/C ratio and a partially recognized rosette-like structure, suggesting a differentiated neuroendocrine system. Chromogranin A and synap...

Ryosuke Tamura; Yoshihito Yokoyama; Asami Kabayashi; Yuuki Osawa; Tatsuhiko Shigeto; Masayuki Futagami; Hideki Mizunuma

2013-01-01

19

Management of radiation injuries of vulva and vagina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background: Acute and late injuries of vulva and vagina are frequent and potentially serious complications in radiotherapy of gynecologic tumors. They still are reported poorly in literature. Methods: Based on a literature search a survey will be given of the modalities, which are used or recommended for prophylaxis or treatment of these radiation injuries. The principles of the different measures will be discussed with available study results. Results: Hygiene measures and the topical application of antimicrobial or granulation stimulating substances, which is mostly based on long standing clinical experience, are the principles of the treatment of acute reactions of vulva and vagina. The topical use of estrogen, which promotes proliferation of epithelium, is generally described in connection with treatment and prophylaxis of late radiation injuries. As a prophylaxis for the late reaction of vaginal stenosis, vaginal dilatation is recommended in literature. Conclusion: With the exception of a few reports on estrogen, there are no data about the effectiveness of the currently used medical substances. The local application of estrogen as prophylaxis of the acute reactions will therefore be examined in a prospective study. (orig.) [Deutsch] Hintergrund: Akute und spaete Reaktionen an Vulva und Vagina sind haeufige und zum Teil schwerwiegende Nebenwirkungen der Strahlentherapie von gynaekologischen Tumoren, auf die in der Literatur kaum eingegangen wird. Methoden: Basierend auf einer umfangreichen Literaturrecherche, werden die Massnahmen, die zur Prophylaxe oder Therapie dieser Strahlenreaktionen zur Verfuegung stehen, systematisch zusammengestellt und, soweit verfuegbar, mit Ergebnissen aus Studien diskutiert. Ergebnisse: Hygienemassnahmen und die auf klinischen Erfahrungswerten basierende lokale Anwendung einer Vielzahl von mehr oder weniger antimikrobiell wirkenden oder granulationsfoerdernden Substanzen lassen sich als Grundprinzipien der Behandlung von akuten Reaktionen an Vulva und Vagina erkennen. Der Einsatz von lokalen Oestrogenapplikationen, die die hormonabhaengige Proliferation des Epithels ausnutzen, wird ueberwiegend im Zusammenhang mit Therapie und Prophylaxe von radiogenen Spaetfolgen beschrieben. Als eine Art der Prophylaxe von Spaetreaktionen in Form der Vaginalstenose hat sich die Empfehlung der vaginalen Dilatation etabliert. Schlussfolgerungen: Mit Ausnahme von einigen Arbeiten zu Oestrogen gibt es keine Daten ueber die Wirksamkeit der eingesetzten Substanzen. Die lokale Oestrogenapplikation zur Prophylaxe der akuten Strahlenreaktionen wird daher in einer prospektiven Studie untersucht werden. (orig.)

Fraunholz, I.B.; Schopohl, B.; Boettcher, H.D. [Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

1998-11-01

20

[Case report. Aggressive angiomyxoma of vagina. A rare tumor diagnosed].  

Science.gov (United States)

The case of a female patient of 35 years of age, with a pedunculated tumor dependent of the vagina, of approximately 25 x 12 x 8 cm, who had a wide resection. The report was consistent with myxoid aggressive angiomyxoma. This is a myxoid mesenchymal neoplasm of slow growth, which mainly appears in deep soft tissues of the pelvic, genital or perineal areas of adult women. It is usually diagnosed after surgical resection by histopathologic examination. Routine evaluation includes: complete physical examination, imaging and pathology report of diagnostic confirmation. PMID:23971387

Jiménez-Vieyra, Carlos Ramón; Quintana-Romero, Verónica; Aguilera-Maldonado, Lizzete Verónica; Solís-Moreno, Tania Kristal

2013-07-01

21

Sensibility of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome  

OpenAIRE

Background/Aim. Congenital absence of vagina is a failure present in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome. Treatment of this anomaly includes nonoperative and operative procedures. McIndoe procedure uses split skin graft by Thiersch. The aim of this study was to determine sensitivity (touch, warmness, coldness) of a vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome and compare it with the normal vagina. Methods. A total of 21 female persons with reconstruc...

Vesanovi? Svetlana; Panajotovi? Ljubomir; Garaleji? Elijana

2008-01-01

22

Sensibility of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Aim. Congenital absence of vagina is a failure present in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome. Treatment of this anomaly includes nonoperative and operative procedures. McIndoe procedure uses split skin graft by Thiersch. The aim of this study was to determine sensitivity (touch, warmness, coldness of a vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer-Küster-Rokitansky-Hauser syndrome and compare it with the normal vagina. Methods. A total of 21 female persons with reconstructed vagina by McIndoe method and 21 female persons with normal vagina were observed. All female persons were divided into groups and subgroups (according to age. Sensibility to touch, warmness and coldness were examined, applying VonFrey's esthesiometer and termoesthesiometer for warmness and coldness in three regions of vagina (enter, middle wall, bothom. The number of positive answers was registrated by touching the mucosa regions for five seconds, five times. Results. The obtained results showed that female patients with a reconstructed vagina by McIndoe method, felt touch at the middle part of wall and in the bottom of vagina better than patients with normal one. Also, the first ones felt warmness at the middle part of wall and coldness in the bottom of vagina, better than the patients with normal vagina. Other results showed no difference in sensibility between reconstructed and normal vagina. Conclusion. Various types of sensibility (touch, warmness, coldness are better or the same in vaginas reconstructed by McIndoe method, in comparison with normal ones. This could be explained by the fact that skin grafts are capable of recovering sensibility.

Vesanovi? Svetlana

2008-01-01

23

Leiomyosarcoma of the vagina: A rare entity with comprehensive review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Primary malignant lesions of the vagina are uncommon, and vaginal sarcomas are even rarer. We describe a rare case of stage I, high-grade leiomyosarcoma of the vagina treated with combined modality treatment. A 39-year-old female presented with vaginal mass and underwent resection. Histopathological examination revealed atypical leiomyoma of the vagina with definite risk of recurrence. Eleven months later, she presented with a recurrent vaginal mass and underwent exploratory laparotomy with t...

Khosla, Divya; Patel, Firuza D.; Kumar, Ritesh; Gowda, Kiran K.; Nijhawan, Raje; Sharma, Suresh C.

2014-01-01

24

Malignant melanoma of the vagina: A case report and review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely rare variant of melanoma that accounts for <3% of all vaginal malignancies. Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina has a worse prognosis as compared with non-genital melanomas or other vaginal malignant neoplasms. A-35-year-old female had a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma of the vagina. A local excision of the tumor was first performed, followed by a radical excision as a further therapeutic measure. The patient returned after...

Chen, Lifeng; Xiong, Yin; Wang, Huan; Liang, Lizhi; Shang, Huiling; Yan, Xiaojian

2014-01-01

25

Urethral substitution with ileum in traumatic bladder neck-vagina fistula  

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Full Text Available A five-year-old girl presented with post traumatic urinary incontinence secondary to rupture of the bladder neck into the vagina. Operative repair included a midline exposure with resection of the symphysis pubis, separation of the bladder neck from the vagina, repair of the torn bladder neck and urethral substitution with ileum. Normal continence and voiding was achieved.

Kannaiyan Lavanya

2009-01-01

26

Primary Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Vagina: A Rare Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of vagina is an extremely rare disease. There have been only 26 previously reported cases in literature. Here, we report a case of primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of vagina. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed tumor cells positive for synaptophysin, chromogranin, and neuron-specific enolase (NSE).

Parekh, Malay N.; Kapapura, Dhiren V.; Bhalodia, Jignasa N.

2011-01-01

27

Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina: A case report and review of literature  

OpenAIRE

A 60 year old woman presented in gynecology department with bleeding per vagina and subsequently histotpathologically, it was diagnosed as malignant melanoma of the vagina. She underwent excision biopsy. On metastatic work-up, Positron emission tomography (PET) scan proved that she had distant metastasis and received palliative radiotherapy and chemotherapy, with temozolamide. She is alive after one year.

Chaudhuri, Snehamay; Das, Diptimay; Chowdhury, Soham; Gupta, Anjan Das

2013-01-01

28

Urethral substitution with ileum in traumatic bladder neck-vagina fistula  

OpenAIRE

A five-year-old girl presented with post traumatic urinary incontinence secondary to rupture of the bladder neck into the vagina. Operative repair included a midline exposure with resection of the symphysis pubis, separation of the bladder neck from the vagina, repair of the torn bladder neck and urethral substitution with ileum. Normal continence and voiding was achieved.

Kannaiyan Lavanya; Sen Sudipta

2009-01-01

29

Aggressive angiomyxoma of the vagina: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, slow-growing soft tissue tumor that usually arises in the pelvis and perineal regions of women in reproductive age, with a marked tendency to local recurrence. Because of its rarity, it is often initially misdiagnosed. Surgical resection is the main treatment modality of aggressive angiomyxoma. We describe a case of a vaginal aggressive angiomyxoma in a 47-year-old woman in which the diagnosis was only made after histological examination. The etiology, presentation, diagnosis and management of this rare tumor are outlined. Angiomyxoma of vulva and vagina refers to a rare disease. Pre-operative diagnosis is difficult due to rarity and absence of diagnostic features, but it should be considered in every mass in genital, perianal and pelvic region in a woman in the reproductive age. Thus, these cases should have complete radiological workup before excision, as pre-diagnosis can change the treatment modality and patient prognosis'. PMID:24500513

Lourenço, Cátia; Oliveira, Nuno; Ramos, Filomena; Ferreira, Isabel; Oliveira, Mário

2013-12-01

30

Anatomic and histological characteristics of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method  

OpenAIRE

Background/Aim. Congenital absence of vagina is known from ancient times of Greek. According to the literature data, incidence is 1/4 000 to 1/20 000. Treatment of this anomaly includes non-operative and operative procedures. McIndoe procedure uses split skin graft by Thiersch. The aim of this study was to establish anatomic and histological characteristics of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer Küster-Rockitansky Hauser (MKRH) syndrome and compare them with normal vagina. Method...

Kozarski Jefta; Vesanovi? Svetlana; Bogdanovi? Zoran

2009-01-01

31

Anatomic and histological characteristics of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Aim. Congenital absence of vagina is known from ancient times of Greek. According to the literature data, incidence is 1/4 000 to 1/20 000. Treatment of this anomaly includes non-operative and operative procedures. McIndoe procedure uses split skin graft by Thiersch. The aim of this study was to establish anatomic and histological characteristics of vagina reconstructed by McIndoe method in Mayer Küster-Rockitansky Hauser (MKRH syndrome and compare them with normal vagina. Methods. The study included 21 patients of 18 and more years with congenital anomaly known as aplasio vaginae within the Mayer Küster-Rockitansky Hauser syndrome. The patients were operated on by the plastic surgeon using the McIndoe method. The study was a retrospective review of the data from the history of the disease, objective and gynecological examination and cytological analysis of native preparations of vaginal stain (Papanicolau. Comparatively, 21 females of 18 and more years with normal vaginas were also studied. All the subjects were divided into the groups R (reconstructed and C (control and the subgroups according to age up to 30 years (1 R, 1C, from 30 to 50 (2R, 2C, and over 50 (3R, 3C. Statistical data processing was performed by using the Student's t-test and Mann-Writney U-test. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. The results show that there are differences in the depth and the wideness of reconstructed vagina, but the obtained values are still in the range of normal ones. Cytological differences between a reconstructed and the normal vagina were found. Conclusion. A reconstructed vagina is smaller than the normal one regarding depth and width, but within the range of normal values. A split skin graft used in the reconstruction, keeps its own cytological, i.e. histological and, so, biological characteristics.

Kozarski Jefta

2009-01-01

32

ALMACENAMIENTO DE ESPERMATOZOIDES EN LA VAGINA DE LA LAGARTIJA VIVÍPARA SCELOPORUS TORQUATUS (SAURIA: PRHYNOSOMATIDAE)  

OpenAIRE

Las hembras de muchas especies de lagartijas tienen la capacidad de almacenar espermatozoides en un sistema de túbulos especiales presentes en la vagina. Sin embargo, en otras especies los espermatozoides se almacenan en el infundíbulo. Se utilizó una técnica sencilla y rápida para determinar sí la vagina de Sceloporus torquatus tiene la capacidad de almacenar espermatozoides. En las hembras de esta especie, los espermatozoides son retenidos al menos 167 días en un sistema de túbulos ...

Cdnez-torres, Mart U. Edn Mart U.

2009-01-01

33

Antibiogram of Group B Streptococci Isolated from the Vagina of Pregnant  

OpenAIRE

Group B streptococcal (GBS) prevalence varies from place to place; this organism is responsible for serious infections in newborns, such as septicemia and meningitis. The present study was aimed to find out the antibiogram of Group B Streptococci isolated from the vagina of pregnant women who were in the third trimester of pregnancy and toidentify the risk factors for its colonization in vagina. The study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, M. R. Medical College & Hospital, Gu...

Vinay Hajare, L. H. Madhavi

2012-01-01

34

Cytological Diagnosis of Small Cell Carcinoma of Vagina - A Diagnostic Dilemma  

OpenAIRE

Small cell carcinoma is a neuroendocrine tumour, mainly arises in lung accounting for 20%of cases. In extra pulmonary sites it accounts for 5% of cases. Among gynaecological malignancies it accounts for 1-2% of cases, common sites are cervix, endometrium, ovary, vagina, vulva in decreasing frequencies. Small cell carcinoma is extremely uncommon in vagina.There are only 26 cases reported in the literature. Here we are reporting 27 th case. Because of its rarity the chances of missing the dia...

Yelikar, B. R.; Shettar, Savita S.; Mahesh Kumar U; Potekar, R. M.

2013-01-01

35

Susceptibility testing of Atopobium vaginae for dequalinium chloride  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis are major markers for bacterial vaginosis. We aimed to determine the MIC and MBC range of the broad-spectrum anti-infective and antiseptic dequalinium chloride for 28 strains, belonging to 4 species of the genus Atopobium, i.e. A. vaginae, A. minutum, A. rimae and A. parvulum. Methods The MIC was determined with a broth microdilution assay. Results T...

Lopes dos Santos Santiago Guido; Grob Philipp; Verstraelen Hans; Waser Florian; Vaneechoutte Mario

2012-01-01

36

LASER EN EL TRATAMIENTO DE LA NEOPLASIA INTRAEPITELIAL DE VAGINA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Presentar la experiencia en el tratamiento de la neoplasia intraepitelial de vagina (VAIN) utilizando el láser de CO2. Método: 19 pacientes con el diagnóstico histológico de VAIN fueron tratadas con esta técnica. Se utilizó un diámetro del punto de helio-neón de 1,5 a 2 mm y un poder de de [...] nsidad de 400 a 500 W/cm². Toda la lesión detectable más un margen de al menos 5 mm de tejido circundante aparentemente normal fueron vaporizados a una profundidad de 2 mm. Resultados: 12 de las 14 pacientes evaluables lograron una respuesta completa inicial (86%), de éstas 12 hubo 2 recidivas posteriores (17%), obteniendo una curación en 10 de las 14 evaluables (71%). No hubo complicaciones y se preservó una función vaginal normal. Conclusión: La vaporización con láser es una buena modalidad terapéutica en VAIN, particularmente en mujeres jóvenes en que se ha descartado razonablemente la coexistencia de cáncer invasor Abstract in english Objective: To describe our experience in the treatment of vaginal intra-epithelial neoplasia (VAIN) with the use of CO2 laser. Method: Nineteen patients with the diagnosis of VAIN were treated by this technique. We used a spot size of 1.5 to 2 mm and a power density of 400 to 500 W/cm². The entire l [...] esion in addition to at least a 5 mm margin of adjacent tissue were vaporized to a depth of 2 mm. Results: 12 of 14 evaluable patients had an initial complete response (86%), of these 12, there were 2 recurrences (17%), obtaining a 71% cure rate (10/14). There were no complications and preservation of normal vaginal function. Conclusion: Laser vaporization is a very good treatment modality, particularly in young women in whom the co-existence of invasive malignancy has been ruled out

Roberto, Yazigi I; Tulio, Rodríguez A; Luis, Contreras M.

37

LASER EN EL TRATAMIENTO DE LA NEOPLASIA INTRAEPITELIAL DE VAGINA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Presentar la experiencia en el tratamiento de la neoplasia intraepitelial de vagina (VAIN utilizando el láser de CO2. Método: 19 pacientes con el diagnóstico histológico de VAIN fueron tratadas con esta técnica. Se utilizó un diámetro del punto de helio-neón de 1,5 a 2 mm y un poder de densidad de 400 a 500 W/cm². Toda la lesión detectable más un margen de al menos 5 mm de tejido circundante aparentemente normal fueron vaporizados a una profundidad de 2 mm. Resultados: 12 de las 14 pacientes evaluables lograron una respuesta completa inicial (86%, de éstas 12 hubo 2 recidivas posteriores (17%, obteniendo una curación en 10 de las 14 evaluables (71%. No hubo complicaciones y se preservó una función vaginal normal. Conclusión: La vaporización con láser es una buena modalidad terapéutica en VAIN, particularmente en mujeres jóvenes en que se ha descartado razonablemente la coexistencia de cáncer invasorObjective: To describe our experience in the treatment of vaginal intra-epithelial neoplasia (VAIN with the use of CO2 laser. Method: Nineteen patients with the diagnosis of VAIN were treated by this technique. We used a spot size of 1.5 to 2 mm and a power density of 400 to 500 W/cm². The entire lesion in addition to at least a 5 mm margin of adjacent tissue were vaporized to a depth of 2 mm. Results: 12 of 14 evaluable patients had an initial complete response (86%, of these 12, there were 2 recurrences (17%, obtaining a 71% cure rate (10/14. There were no complications and preservation of normal vaginal function. Conclusion: Laser vaporization is a very good treatment modality, particularly in young women in whom the co-existence of invasive malignancy has been ruled out

Roberto Yazigi I

2006-01-01

38

[Fine structure of the cirrus sac and vagina of progenetic Diplocotyle olrikii (Cestoda: Spathebothriidea)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Ultrastructural characteristics of the cirrus sac and vagina of progenetic and monoxenic spathebothriidean tapeworm, Diplocotyle olrikii from the body cavity of Gammarus oceanicus are described. Five loosely arranged muscle layers make up the cirrus sac wall. The nucleated syncytial cytoplasm of the ejaculatory duct's wall has apical lamellae and 3 well-developed muscular layers under epithelim. Numerous prostate ducts pass through syncytial epithelium of it. The numerous prostate glands are localized around cirrus sac. Unique morphology of the prostate granules with an electron-dense core surrounded by a matrix of lower density is revealed for the spathebothriidean tapeworms. The epithelial lining of the cirrus in D. olrikii is nucleated and also is connected to subsurface sunken perikarya. The apical surface of the cirrus is covered with small cone-shaped microtriches. Well-developed 10 closely arranged muscle layers support the cirrus. Three regions of the vagina are distinguished. The distal part of vagina has filamentous microthrix type on the surface similar to tegumental one, as well as middle and proximal regions are covered with small cone-shaped microtriches, reducing in their number to proximal part. Anucleate epithelial lining of vagina is connected to numerous sunken parikarya. The cirrus and vagina epithelial lining has numerous vesicles. A comparison is made of the fine structure of the cirrus sac and vagina of monoxenic and dixenic spathebothriidean species. Ultrastructural data on the cirrus sac and vagina of the Spathebothriidea are compared with those for monozoic and polyzoic cestodes. The ultrastructural spathebothriidean features are discussed. PMID:17957957

Poddubnaia, L G

2007-01-01

39

Colocolpopoiesis : the use of sigmoid colon in the treatment of conditions associated with absence of the vagina  

OpenAIRE

The creation of a coitally functional vagina is an important part of sexual rehabilitation in patients with congenital or acqnired absence of the vagina, and in male-to-female transsexuals. Various conservative and surgical techniques have been developed to construct an artificial vagina. Most of the operative techniques were based on the dissection of a cavity between the bladder and the recrum with subsequent grafting of various materials onto the walls of the 1llnnel. Nowada...

Freundt, I.

1994-01-01

40

Non-Diethylstilbestrol-Associated Primary Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Vagina: Two Case Reports with Immunohistochemical Studies and Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Primary clear cell adenocarcinomas most commonly involve the genitourinary system, including the vagina. Previously, primary clear cell adenocarcinomas of the vagina have been discussed within the context of prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol. Due to its widely proven role in the development of this carcinoma, administration of diethylstilbestrol is prohibited. We present two cases of non-diethylstilbestrol-associated primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina from the archives of t...

Mufti, Shagufta T.; Ali, Hiba Hassan

2014-01-01

41

Malignant melanoma of the vagina: A case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely rare variant of melanoma that accounts for vaginal malignancies. Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina has a worse prognosis as compared with non-genital melanomas or other vaginal malignant neoplasms. A-35-year-old female had a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma of the vagina. A local excision of the tumor was first performed, followed by a radical excision as a further therapeutic measure. The patient returned after three weeks, presenting with a vesico-vaginal fistula. A conservative operation was subsequently performed in order to improve the quality of life of the patient. Pelvic metastases were identified 6 months after the completion of the last surgical therapy and subsequent follow-up examinations were performed in another hospital. The present case study describes the clinical features and surgical procedures of this patient with primary malignant melanoma of the vagina. In conclusion, melanoma of the vagina is an extremely aggressive cancer and the overall prognosis is poor despite the various treatment options. PMID:25202372

Chen, Lifeng; Xiong, Yin; Wang, Huan; Liang, Lizhi; Shang, Huiling; Yan, Xiaojian

2014-10-01

42

Nevoid melanoma of the vagina: report of one case diagnosed on thin layer cytological preparations  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Primary melanoma of the vagina is an extremely rare neoplasm with approximately 250 reported cases in the world literature 1234. In its amelanotic variant this lesion may raise several differential diagnostic problems in cytological specimens 5. In this setting, the usage of thin layer cytopathological techniqu...

Ascierto Paolo; Simeone Ester; Gallo Maria; Greggi Stefano; Fulciniti Franco; Bove Patrizia; Losito Simona; Russo Serena

2007-01-01

43

Morphology of the Turkey Vagina and Uterus With and Without an Egg Mass  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study we examined the gross anatomy of the uterus and vagina in turkeys in egg production. With no uterine egg mass, removal of the tunica serosa that enclosed the uterus revealed deep periodic in-folding of the muscularis transversely circumscribing the sac-like segment. When the connecti...

44

Morphological Studies on the Vagina and Vestibule of Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) / Estudios Morfológicos de la Vagina y Vestíbulo del Camello (Camelus dromedarius)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish El camello (Camelus dromedarius) es una importante especie de ganado de usos múltiples y el consumo de su carne corresponde al 10% aproximadamente del consumo de carne roja en Egipto. La eficiencia reproductiva del camello, bajo condiciones naturales, se considera generalmente baja. El conocimiento [...] adecuado sobre los órganos genitales tubulares de esta especie podría facilitar la aplicación de una nueva metodología de reproducción. Por lo tanto, se llevó a cabo este estudio para investigar la morfología de la superficie de la mucosa de la vagina y el vestíbulo en camellos, utilizando luz, escaneado y microscopía electrónica de transmisión. La superficie de la mucosa de la vagina está formado por epitelio columnar estratificado con células secretoras mucosas (células en copa). La microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) de la vagina reveló la presencia de pliegues primarios y secundarios longitudinales y pequeños pliegues transversales. El epitelio columnar mostró un límite celular marcado y su superficie apical se evidenció salpicado por una gran cantidad de microvellosidades. La microscopía electrónica por transmisión (TEM) confirmó la presencia de microvellosidades en las superficies apicales y mostró algunos gránulos secretores en la región supranuclear del epitelio columnar. El vestíbulo del dromedario está revestido por epitelio estratificado queratinizado, de tipo escamoso. La lámina basal y el estrato granuloso de este epitelio mostraron una fuerte reacción PAS positiva. La microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) del vestíbulo reveló la presencia de pequeños pliegues transversales longitudinales y finos, con gran cantidad de restos de mucosidad. Sin embargo, la microscopía electrónica por transmisión (TEM) del vestíbuloreveló un epitelio queratinizado escamoso estratificado, con una capa basal de células cúbicas y capas superficiales de células escamosas. Abstract in english The camel (Camelus dromedarius) is an important multipurpose livestock species and its meat represents about 10% of the red meat consumption in Egypt. The reproductive efficiency of camel under natural condition is generally considered to be low. Sound knowledge about the tubular genital organs of t [...] his species might facilitate the application of new reproductive methodology. Our study was therefore conducted to investigate the morphology of mucosal surface of vagina and vestibule on camels using light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The mucosal surface of vagina consisted of stratified columnar epithelium with mucous secreting cells (goblet-like cells). SEM of vagina revealed the presence of longitudinal primary and secondary folds and small transverse folds. The columnar epithelium showed marked cell boundary and its apical surface was studded by a lot of microvilli. TEM confirmed the presence of microvilli at apical surfaces and showed some secretory granules in the supranuclear region of the columnar epithelium. The vestibule of dromedary camel was lined by stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. Basal lamina and stratum granulosum of this epithelium showed strong PAS positive reaction. SEM of vestibule revealed the presence of small longitudinal and fine transverse folds with a lot of mucous debris. However TEM of vestibule showed the stratified squamous keratinized epithelium with basal layer of cuboidal cells and superficial layers of squamous cells.

Ahmed, Sayed-Ahmed; Anwer, Elshafey; Ahmed, Abd-Elmaksoud.

1156-11-01

45

Stuy of mycoplasmas and aerobic bacteria in the cranial vagina of healthy bitches  

OpenAIRE

La flora bacteriana presente en la vagina de hembras caninas posee un discutido rol en las enfermedades reproductivas de esta especie, por lo tanto y para contribuir al esclarecimiento de este aspecto, se realizó un estudio de los microorganismos vaginales en 33 perras sanas. Las muestras fueron tomadas mediante hisopo cubierto y procesadas siguiendo las marchas bacteriológicas indicadas para bacterias aerobias y Micoplasmas. Se aislaron microorganismos a partir de 30 muestras, siendo 3 neg...

Stornelli, Mari?a Alejandra; Cerda?, Rau?l Oscar; Gobello, Cristina; Arauz, Mari?a Sandra; Stanchi, Ne?stor Oscar

2000-01-01

46

Survival of gram positive anaerobic cocci on swabs and their isolation from the mouth and vagina.  

OpenAIRE

The survival of Gram positive anaerobic cocci on plain cotton wool and albumin coated swabs held in various transport media was investigated. Results suggested that in most cases Amies', Stuart's and VMGII media do not offer any more protection to the bacteria than storing swabs dry in their containers. A technique was developed for the isolation and identification of Gram positive anaerobic cocci from the mouth and vagina, incorporating bicozamycin in the medium as a selective agent. Few str...

Smith, G. L.; Cumming, C. G.; Ross, P. W.

1986-01-01

47

Bilateral Single Ectopic Ureters Draining Into a Grossly Dilated Vagina in an Adolescent Female  

OpenAIRE

A 16-year-old female presented with dribbling of urine along with voluntary voiding since birth. Renal imaging revealed hydroureteronephrosis on the right side; the uterus and ovary were normal. A radionuclide scan showed a left nonfunctional kidney. On cystovaginoscopy, the urethra was shown to be normal and the urinary bladder was tubular with small capacity and an absent trigone. Although the vagina was capacious, no ureteric orifices were found. Computed tomography corroborated the diagno...

Mandal, Soumendra Nath; Jagadheesan, Gokulakrishnan Puttuthakku; Kamal, Mir Reza; Mukherjee, Satyadip; Das, Ranjit Kumar; Karmakar, Dilip

2013-01-01

48

Entrenamiento de carneros para recolección de semen mediante vagina artificial, utilizando como estímulo objetos inanimados  

OpenAIRE

Con el fi n de desarrollar una metodología para entrenar carneros en la recolección de semen con vagina artifi cial (VA), montando un objeto inanimado, se utilizaron nueve animales que se sometieron a cuatro etapas de preparación. La primera con el propósito de lograr la manifestación del repertorio sexual natural, y el resto para llevar a cabo un programa de condicionamiento operante: cuando la respuesta correcta (monta) sucedía, en un inicio provocada por un estado de m...

Virginio Aguirre Flores; Zquez Rosales, Reyes V. U. E.; Edn Orihuela Trujillo, Agust U.

2005-01-01

49

Measuring the space between vagina and rectum as it relates to rectocele  

OpenAIRE

AIM: To measure the normal space between the posterior wall of the vagina and the anterior wall of the respectively rectum using computed tomography (CT) and reveal its were relationship to rectocele.METHODS: A total of twenty female volunteers without rectocele were examined by CT scan. We performed a middle level continuous horizontal pelvic scan from the upper part to the lower part and collected the measurement data to analyze the results using t-test.RESULTS: Twenty volunteers were enrol...

Jin Liu, Li-dong Zhai

2009-01-01

50

A Case Report of Cervical Rhabdomyosarcoma with the Complaint of a Mass Protrusion from Vagina with Bleeding and Vaginal Discharge  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Botyroide sarcoma is one of the rhabdomyosarcoma which is usually seen in infant's vagina. However, it rarely originates from uterine cervix. Rhabdomyosarcoma is a heterogenic tumor and it is usually diagnosed in second decade of life.Case Report: The patient was a 17 years old virgin girl with the complaint of a mass protrusion from vagina with bleeding and vaginal discharge. Biopsy samples and immunohistochemistry assessments showed embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Surgery combined...

Arab, M.; Sh Nasrollahi; Sh. Javadian; Zamani, M.; Nasr, B.

2006-01-01

51

Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the vulva and vagina: a tumor resembling adenoid cystic carcinoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the first case of a polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) occurring in the vulva and vagina of a 32-year-old woman. This tumor consisted of cellular lobules with distinct cribriform, papillary, and cystic patterns. Owing to its location and its distinct cribriform pattern, this lesion was initially diagnosed as an unusual variant of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). However, this diagnosis was revised to PLGA when it was recognized that the cribriform, papillary and cystic patterns and their concomitant occurrence in the same lesion are characteristic of PLGA. PLGA should be added to the differential diagnosis of vulvar and vaginal neoplasia. PMID:12598921

Young, Stephanie; Leon, Marino; Talerman, Aleksander; Teresi, Maria; Emmadi, Rajysree

2003-01-01

52

The relative efficacy of HDR and LDR interstitial brachytherapy in squamous cell carcinoma of vagina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Introduction: Beginning in 1982 we performed low dose rate (LDR) interstitial template brachytherapy (ISTB) for carcinoma of the vagina. High dose rate (HDR) remote afterloading has been used exclusively since 1991. We compare the results LDR and HDR brachytherapy. Material and Methods: Between 1982 and 1994, 30 patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma of vagina received external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and brachytherapy. The AJCC stage distribution was 3 stage I, 25 stage II, and 2 stage III. The average central pelvic EBRT dose was 35 Gy. Pelvic side wall EBRT doses ranged from 45 to 50.4 Gy. Nineteen patients had LDR treatment; 3 intracavitary brachytherapy (ICB) and 16 ISTB. Eleven patients had HDR treatment; 2 ICB and 9 ISB. The average dose delivered by LDR was 41.2 Gy usually in 2 fractions, and by HDR 32.5 Gy in 6 fractions of 500-550 cGy. Local failures were confirmed pathologically. The absolute survival (AS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method and compared with logrank statistics. Results: The mean follow-up was 77 months for LDR and 23 months for HDR. Local and regional control was achieved in 90% (27/30) of the patients. Three year AS was 84% and RFS was 87%. There was no significant difference between LDR and HDR in AS, RFS or local-regional control, (log rank p=0.85, p=0.12 and p=0.35 respectively). The single HDR local failure presented in a patient with extensive stage II disease who declined ISTB. There werge II disease who declined ISTB. There were fewer complications following HDR. The 1 case of extensive vaginal necrosis and the 3 cases of rectovaginal fistula that required surgery occurred only with LDR brachytherapy. Discussion: Excellent local and regional control of carcinoma of the vagina can be achieved by administering limited doses of external radiation and brachytherapy. Interstitial template implants are the best means of encompassing paravaginal disease while sparing the adjacent uninvolved normal tissues from high doses of radiation. HDR technology is an effective means of administering high uniform tumor doses, maximizes dose control to the bladder and rectum and improves radiation safety. Conclusion: Optimal tumor control and less morbidity at 2 years after treatment can be achieved with HDR-ISTB in squamous carcinoma of the vagina compared to alternative treatments

53

Melanosis of the vagina and human papillomavirus infection, an uncommon pathology: Case Report / Melanosis de la vagina e infección por virus del papiloma humano, una patología poco común: Reporte de un Caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: English Abstract in spanish Las lesiones melanóticas de la vagina son infrecuentes. y Solo pocos casos han sido reportados. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 34 años quien es referida con diagnóstico de una Neoplasia Intraepitelial Vaginal 1. Al examen ginecológico, se encontraron dos áreas hiperpigmentadas en la vagina. La [...] exploración colposcópica del cuello uterino y vagina reveló la presencia de una lesión aceto-blanca en la pared lateral derecha del tercio superior de la vagina. Muestras de biopsias fueron tomadas en dichas áreas. El estudio histológico reportó una melanosis de la vagina y una infección por el virus del Papiloma Humano (VPH). Se realizó un panel de estudio inmunohistoquímico de marcadores epiteliales en las muestras vaginales: tales como citoqueratina AE1/AE3 y antígeno epitelial de membrana; marcador mesenquimal: vimentin; marcadores melanóticos: proteina S-100 y HMB45 (Human Melanoma Black); marcadores de proliferación celular: antígeno de proliferación nuclear (PCNA), y la oncoproteína P-53. Se realizó Hibridización In Situ para establecer los tipos de alto (16, 18, 31, 45) y bajo (6, 11) riesgo de VPH en las muestras vaginales. Los marcadores CK, EMA y Vimentin fueron 2+. Los marcadores melanótico, el HMB45 y el S100, y el PCNA fueron 1+ en la capa basal. P-53 fue negativo. El tejido melanótico y la lesión acetoblanca fueron positivos al VPH 6,11. En conclusión, la melanosis vaginal es una patología poco frecuente. Usualmente, se ha reportado en mujeres mayores de 40 años. Presentamos un caso de una melanosis de la vagina infectada con un tipo de VPH de bajo riesgo en una mujer joven y una revisión de la literatura. Abstract in english Benign melanotic lesions of the vagina are uncommon and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. A 34-year-old woman was referred because of a Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia 1 biopsy result. On the gynecological examination, two different hyperpigmented areas were noted in the vagin [...] a. The colposcopic visualization of the cervix and vagina found an aceto-white lesion at the right lateral wall of the upper third of the vagina. Biopsies from three areas were taken. Histological study reported a melanosis of the vagina and HPV infection. An immunohistochemical panel of epithelial markers was performed in vaginal samples, such as Cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and epithelial membrane antigen, mesenchymal marker: vimentin; melanocytic makers: protein S-100 and HMB45 (Human Melanoma Black); proliferating cell marker: proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and P-53 oncoprotein. High Risk (16, 18, 31, 45) and Low Risk (6, 11) HPV types were studied by In Situ Hybridization using the same vaginal samples. CK, EMA and Vimentin were 2+. Melanocytic markers, HMB45 and S100, and PCNA were 1+ in basal cell layer. P-53 was negative. The melanotic tissue and acetowhite lesion were positives to HPV Types 6,11. In conclusion, melanosis of the vagina is a uncommon benign pathology. Usually, melanosis is present in women over 40 years old. We present a case of melanosis of the vagina in a young woman infected with low-risk HPV types and review the literature.

José, Núñez-Troconis; Mariela, Delgado; Gerardo, González; Airiaudis, Rivas; Katherine, Molero.

2011-09-01

54

Bilateral single ectopic ureters draining into a grossly dilated vagina in an adolescent female.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 16-year-old female presented with dribbling of urine along with voluntary voiding since birth. Renal imaging revealed hydroureteronephrosis on the right side; the uterus and ovary were normal. A radionuclide scan showed a left nonfunctional kidney. On cystovaginoscopy, the urethra was shown to be normal and the urinary bladder was tubular with small capacity and an absent trigone. Although the vagina was capacious, no ureteric orifices were found. Computed tomography corroborated the diagnosis of bilateral, single ectopic ureters draining into a grossly dilated vagina. This case is unique because it is a bilateral single-system ureteral ectopia in a completely differentiated female genital tract that presented late in adolescence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second such ureteral abnormality reported in the literature so far. The patient underwent ileocystoplasty with right ureteric reimplantation and nephroureterectomy for the left nonfunctional kidney, which histopathology showed to be tuberculosis. The patient is continent with cystometric capacity of more than 300 mL. PMID:23878693

Mandal, Soumendra Nath; Jagadheesan, Gokulakrishnan Puttuthakku; Kamal, Mir Reza; Mukherjee, Satyadip; Das, Ranjit Kumar; Karmakar, Dilip

2013-07-01

55

Pregnancy- and delivery-induced biomechanical changes in rat vagina persist postpartum  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction and hypothesis We sought to define changes in vaginal distensibility (VD) induced by pregnancy and vaginal delivery using a novel in vivo biomechanical testing protocol. Methods Under sedation, a balloon was inserted into the vagina of 27 virgin, pregnant and 4-week postpartum Long–Evans rats and incrementally distended. Pressure–volume curves were generated with slopes characterizing VD (higher slope = less distensible). One-way ANOVA with a Bonferroni post-hoc test were used for statistical analyses. Results Mean pressures at an infusion volume of 1 cc were lower in pregnant and postpartum rats than in virgins (P<0.001). VD was increased in pregnant vs. virgin rats (P<0.001) and did not recover to virgin levels post partum (P<0.001). Conclusions We have developed a test that measures VD in vivo under clinically relevant loading conditions. The increased VD in the late postpartum period defines a persistent change in biomechanical behavior of the vagina related to pregnancy and vaginal delivery. PMID:20424824

Alperin, Marianna; Feola, Andrew; Duerr, Robert; Moalli, Pamela; Abramowitch, Steven

2010-01-01

56

Endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the vagina with a microglandular pattern arising from endometriosis after hysterectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma rarely occurs in the vagina. Occasionally, endometrioid adenocarcinoma has a microglandular pattern. Herein, a case of primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the vagina with a microglandular pattern arising from pre-existing endometriosis long after a hysterectomy, is described. A 57-year-old postmenopausal woman developed a vaginal discharge over one decade after undergoing a hysterectomy. Microscopic examination of the vaginal smear and a biopsy specimen demonstrated an atypical glandular proliferation composed of columnar cells with occasional intracytoplasmic mucin and bland nuclear morphology, showing microcysts and numerous neutrophils within and around cysts. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for CK7, MUC1, ER, and PR, and focally positive for vimentin, CEA, CK5/6, p63, p16(INK4a), and p53. A portion of residual endometrioid adenocarcinoma was identified adjacent to foci of endometriosis in the vaginectomy specimen. The patient has done well without evidence of recurrent disease for 1 year after surgery. Pathologists are encouraged to be aware of the occurrence of endometrioid adenocarcinoma associated with endometriosis in the vaginal stump after hysterectomy, and microglandular morphology which might be a source of misinterpretation. PMID:20712651

Nomoto, Kazuhiro; Hori, Takashi; Kiya, Chieko; Fukuoka, Junya; Nakashima, Akitoshi; Hidaka, Takao; Saito, Shigeru; Mikami, Yoshiki; Tsuneyama, Koichi; Takano, Yasuo

2010-09-01

57

Peculiar tonsil-like structure near vagina of the laboratory shrew, Suncus murinus.  

Science.gov (United States)

After finding tonsil-like structures near the entrance of vagina of a laboratory shrew (Suncus murinus), which we subsequently designated as vaginal tonsils, we performed detailed immunohistochemical and developmental studies. The location of T and B cells in the vaginal tonsils differed from that in the palatine tonsils or that in the lymphoid nodes of other animals. The boundary between the germinal center region and the region encompassing follicular interfollicular tissue was not clear. B cells were widely distributed and very dense in the parenchyma, but they were scattered in the epithelial area (B cells were present in around 90% of the vaginal tonsil tissue). In contrast, T cells were scattered in the parenchyma and in the epithelial area (T cells were present in around 10% of the vaginal tonsil tissue). B cells were more prominent than T cells throughout the development of these structures and the epithelium was invaded by many immigrating cells. The size of the vaginal tonsils changed during postnatal development. Vaginal tonsils are structurally similar to other tonsils, and they may function to protect the vagina from infection. PMID:23614982

Sakai, Kazuyoshi; Imada, Hideki; Shinzato, Masanori; Nishii, Kazuhiro; Miyachi, Ei-ichi; Katoh, Yoshimitsu; Yamada, Kouji

2013-01-01

58

[Ultrastructural characteristics of the vitellaria, uterus and vagina of Amphilina foliacea Rudolphi, 1819 (Cestoda: Amphilinidea)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The ultrastructural features of the vitelline follicles, uterus and vagina of the amphilinid cestode Amphilina foliacea from the body cavity of Acipenser ruthenus of the Volga basin are described. Some new distinguishing characters are revealed, including the presence of a single type of the cellular component in the vitelline follicles with sarcoplasmic processes filling the space around and within vitellocytes. The,uterus of this species is recognized by the presence of the syncytial epithelial lining with underlying secretory perikaria and different kinds of luminal projections. The most distal part of the uterus, situated closely to the uterine pore, is characterized by nuclei occupying the syncytial uterine epithelium. Slightly further proximally, they are located basally and then transformed into sunken perikaria. The vaginal epithelium is characterized by the syncytial structure with underlying epithelial perikaria in its distal region, with intraepithelial location of the nuclei slightly further proximally and the absence of the nuclei in its proximal region (the seminal receptacle). The syncytial cytoplasm of the vagina contains numerous vesicles and possesses microvilli-like surface structures. The morphological aspects of the female reproductive system of A. foliacea are compared with those of other Cestoda and Neodermata. PMID:25464739

Poddubnaia, L G

2013-01-01

59

DETERIORATION IN BIOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE VAGINA FOLLOWING IMPLANTATION OF A HIGH STIFFNESS PROLAPSE MESH  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Define the impact of prolapse mesh on the biomechanical properties of the vagina by comparing the prototype Gynemesh PS (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) to 2 new generation lower stiffness meshes, SmartMesh (Coloplast, Minneapolis, MN) and UltraPro (Ethicon). Design A study employing a non-human primate model Setting University of Pittsburgh Population 45 parous rhesus macaques Methods Meshes were implanted via sacrocolpexy after hysterectomy and compared to Sham. Because its stiffness is highly directional UltraPro was implanted in two directions: UltraPro Perpendicular (less stiff) and UltraPro Parallel (more stiff), with the indicated direction referring to the blue orientation lines. The mesh-vaginal complex (MVC) was excised en toto after 3 months. Main Outcome Measures Active mechanical properties were quantified as contractile force generated in the presence of 120 mM KCl. Passive mechanical properties (a tissues ability to resist an applied force) were measured using a multi-axial protocol. Results Vaginal contractility decreased 80% following implantation with the Gynemesh PS (p=0.001), 48% after SmartMesh (p=0.001), 68% after UltraPro parallel (p=0.001) and was highly variable after UltraPro perpendicular (p =0.16). The tissue contribution to the passive mechanical behavior of the MVC was drastically reduced for Gynemesh PS (p=0.003) but not SmartMesh (p=0.9) or UltraPro independent of the direction of implantation (p=0.68 and p=0.66, respectively). Conclusions Deterioration of the mechanical properties of the vagina was highest following implantation with the stiffest mesh, Gynemesh PS. Such a decrease associated with implantation of a device of increased stiffness is consistent with findings from other systems employing prostheses for support. PMID:23240801

Feola, Andrew; Abramowitch, Steven; Jallah, Zegbeh; Stein, Suzan; Barone, William; Palcsey, Stacy; Moalli, Pamela

2012-01-01

60

Expression of Ezrin in Vagina Cells of Postmenopausal Rats after Dietary Administration of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Formula  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To see the effect of dietary administration of omega 3-fatty acid formula on the vaginal cells of postmenopausal rats. Methods Three-week-old female Wistar/ST rats were raised after one week of adjustment period. The rats were then divided into three groups, for three different kinds of diet; general diet, 1% omega-3 fatty acid diet, and 2% omega-3 fatty acid diet. After eight weeks of having assigned diet, after the oophorectomy, with the same diet previously they had Immunohistochemistry, Immunofluorescence, and Western Blot about ezrin, merlin were done. Results In immunohistochemistry, estrogen injection group revealed thicker and well differentiated features. In Immunofluorescence, Omega-3 fatty acid composition in diet did not effect expression of ezrin and merlin in rat vagina in estrogen injection group, their vaginal epithelium showed full layers (from basal to apical layer). In Western Blot analysis, Omega-3 fatty acid composition in diet did not affect expression of ezrin and merlin in rat vagina estrogen presented significant impact on expression of ezrin and merlin. Conclusion Although omega-3 fatty acid composition changed in diet, vaginal epithelial morphology unchanged. Estrogen did effect on vagina cell, but omega-3 fatty acid did not effect on ezrin and merlin in vagina. PMID:25580420

Lee, Hae-Hyeog; Park, Junsik; Lee, Arum; Park, Yongsoon; Byun, Dong Won; Kim, Min Jung; Lim, Heesook

2014-01-01

61

The oophorectomy effect on Walker 256 tumor inoculated into the vagina and uterine cervix of female rats Efeito da ooforectomia no tumor de Walker 256 inoculado em vagina e colo de útero de ratos fêmeas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: Verify the effect of oophorectomy on the evolution of the Walker 256 tumor inoculated into the vagina and cervix of female rats. METHODS: Ten Wistar, female rats were used, distributed into two groups with 05 animals each: Tumor group (TG: Rats inoculated with Walker 256 tumor; Oophorectomy group (OG: oophorectomized rats inoculated with Walker 256 tumor. The day before the tumor vaginal inoculation, acetic acid was inoculated into the vaginas of both groups of rats; the following day, the vaginal walls were scarified with an endocervix brush, and then Walker 256 tumor was inoculated. After 12 days, the tumor was removed together with the vagina and uterine horns for macro and microscopic analyses. The data were submitted to statistical analyses. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the two groups; however it was observed that the behavior of tumor growth on the OG group presented greater invasion, compromising the uterine horns. CONCLUSION: The results of the study on the GO group presented a macroscopic behavior different from the TG group, however, both of them presented similar development in terms of tumor mass.OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito da ooforectomia à inoculação do tumor de Walker 256 em vagina e colo de útero de ratas. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas 10 ratas Wistar, fêmeas, virgens, adultas, distribuídas em dois grupos de estudo com 05 animais cada: grupo tumor (GT: ratas inoculadas com tumor de Walker 256, e grupo Ooforectomia (GO: ratas ooforectomizadas e inoculadas com tumor de Walker 256. No dia anterior à inoculação vaginal do tumor, foram inoculados 0,3ml de ácido acético na vagina das ratas de ambos os grupos; no dia seguinte, foi realizada a escarificação da parede vaginal com uma escova de endocérvice e inoculado tumor de Walker 256. Após 12 dias, foi removido o tumor em bloco com vagina e cornos uterinos para análise macro e microscópica. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os dois grupos; no entanto, notou-se que o comportamento de crescimento do tumor no grupo GO apresentou maior invasividade em extensão, comprometendo cornos uterinos. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o grupo GO apresentou comportamento macroscópico diferente ao grupo GT, no entanto, em termos totais de massa tumoral ambos apresentam desenvolvimento similar.

Nara Macedo Botelho Brito

2009-02-01

62

The oophorectomy effect on Walker 256 tumor inoculated into the vagina and uterine cervix of female rats / Efeito da ooforectomia no tumor de Walker 256 inoculado em vagina e colo de útero de ratos fêmeas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito da ooforectomia à inoculação do tumor de Walker 256 em vagina e colo de útero de ratas. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas 10 ratas Wistar, fêmeas, virgens, adultas, distribuídas em dois grupos de estudo com 05 animais cada: grupo tumor (GT): ratas inoculadas com tumor de Walker [...] 256, e grupo Ooforectomia (GO): ratas ooforectomizadas e inoculadas com tumor de Walker 256. No dia anterior à inoculação vaginal do tumor, foram inoculados 0,3ml de ácido acético na vagina das ratas de ambos os grupos; no dia seguinte, foi realizada a escarificação da parede vaginal com uma escova de endocérvice e inoculado tumor de Walker 256. Após 12 dias, foi removido o tumor em bloco com vagina e cornos uterinos para análise macro e microscópica. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os dois grupos; no entanto, notou-se que o comportamento de crescimento do tumor no grupo GO apresentou maior invasividade em extensão, comprometendo cornos uterinos. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o grupo GO apresentou comportamento macroscópico diferente ao grupo GT, no entanto, em termos totais de massa tumoral ambos apresentam desenvolvimento similar. Abstract in english PURPOSE: Verify the effect of oophorectomy on the evolution of the Walker 256 tumor inoculated into the vagina and cervix of female rats. METHODS: Ten Wistar, female rats were used, distributed into two groups with 05 animals each: Tumor group (TG): Rats inoculated with Walker 256 tumor; Oophorectom [...] y group (OG): oophorectomized rats inoculated with Walker 256 tumor. The day before the tumor vaginal inoculation, acetic acid was inoculated into the vaginas of both groups of rats; the following day, the vaginal walls were scarified with an endocervix brush, and then Walker 256 tumor was inoculated. After 12 days, the tumor was removed together with the vagina and uterine horns for macro and microscopic analyses. The data were submitted to statistical analyses. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the two groups; however it was observed that the behavior of tumor growth on the OG group presented greater invasion, compromising the uterine horns. CONCLUSION: The results of the study on the GO group presented a macroscopic behavior different from the TG group, however, both of them presented similar development in terms of tumor mass.

Nara Macedo Botelho, Brito; Rita de Kássia Vidigal, Carvalho; Lia Tavares de Moura Brasil, Matos; Rodolfo Costa, Lobato; Rosângela Baía, Brito.

2009-02-01

63

Avaliação dosimétrica de uma combinação de aplicadores para braquiterapia de tumores do colo uterino com acometimento da porção distal da vagina Dosimetric evaluation of a combination of brachytherapy applicators for uterine cervix cancer with involvement of the distal vagina  

OpenAIRE

OBJETIVO: Avaliar uma alternativa de braquiterapia para tumores do colo uterino acometendo a porção distal da vagina, sem aumentar os riscos de toxicidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo teórico comparando três diferentes aplicadores de braquiterapia intracavitária de alta taxa de dose: sonda intrauterina e cilindro vaginal (SC); sonda e anel associado ao cilindro vaginal (SA+C) e um aplicador virtual com sonda, anel e cilindro vaginal em um único conjunto (SAC). Foram prescritas doses de...

Roger Guilherme Rodrigues Guimarães; Heloisa de Andrade Carvalho; Silvia Radwanski Stuart; Rodrigo Augusto Rubo; Rodrigo Migotto Seraide

2009-01-01

64

La vagina dentada: una interpretación de la Estela 25 de Izapa y las guacamayas del juego de pelota de Copán / The dented vagina: an interpretation for Stela 25 of Izapa and ballcourt macaws of Copan  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las aves representadas en la Estela 25 de Izapa y el juego de pelota de Copán forman el punto de partida para un examen del tema mitológico de la vagina dentada en Mesoamérica, y sus expresiones en el arte y la narrativa. Un amplio conjunto de narraciones mitológicas recopiladas en México y Guatemal [...] a sirve como base para un examen de la historia de Siete Guacamayo en el Popol Vuh, la cual se interpreta como una variante de un mito ampliamente difundido, relacionado con el origen del Sol y la Luna. La identificación de asuntos comunes, entre ellos el de la vagina dentada, refuerza la relación entre el mito del Popol Vuh y las representaciones de Izapa y Copán. A la vez, revela detalles poco conocidos sobre el simbolismo sexual presente en los mitos cosmogónicos mesoamericanos. Abstract in english The birds represented at Stela 25 of Izapa and Copan ball court are the starting point for the analysis of the mythological topic focused on the vagina dentata in Ancient Mesoamerica, as well as their expressions on art and narrative. A large body of mythological narratives is used as a basis for th [...] e examination of the "Siete Guacamayo" story included in the Popol Vuh, which is interpreted as part of a widely extended myth related with the creation of the Sun and the Moon. The identification of common issues, as the vagina dentata topic, strengthens the links between the Popol Vuh myth and the Izapa and Copan representations. It also reveals less known details on the sexual symbolism included in the Mesoamerican cosmogonic myths.

Oswaldo, Chinchilla Mazariegos.

65

Impact of Pregnancy and Vaginal Delivery on the Passive and Active Mechanics of the Rat Vagina  

Science.gov (United States)

Remodeling of vaginal extracellular matrix and smooth muscle likely plays a critical role in reducing the risk of maternal injury during vaginal delivery by altering the mechanical properties to increase distension and reduce stress. Long-Evans rats were divided into five groups to examine the passive mechanical and active contractile properties throughout pregnancy and postpartum: virgin (n = 17), mid-pregnant (Day 14–16, n = 12), late-pregnant (Day 20–22, n = 14), immediate postpartum (0–2 h after delivery, n = 14), and 4 week postpartum (n = 15). Longitudinal sections of vaginal tissue were loaded to failure uniaxially for passive mechanical or active contractile properties were examined. For passive mechanics, the tangent modulus decreased 45% by mid-pregnancy and immediately postpartum (p < 0.001). The ultimate strain continuously increased up to 43% higher than virgin animals (p = 0.007) in the immediate postpartum group. For active mechanics, the maximal contractile force was 36–56% lower through immediate postpartum animals, and was significantly more sensitive to K+ throughout pregnancy and postpartum (p = 0.003). The changes observed in the passive and active properties of the rat vagina are consistent with what would be expected from a tissue that is remodeling to maximize its ability to distend at the time of vaginal delivery to facilitate passage of the fetus with minimal injury. PMID:20824342

Feola, Andrew; Moalli, Pamela; Alperin, Marianna; Duerr, Robbie; Gandley, Robin E.; Bramowitch, Steven

2011-01-01

66

Assessment of the effects of naringenin-type flavanones in uterus and vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

The potential utilization of plant secondary metabolites possessing estrogenic properties as alternatives to the classical hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the relief of postmenopausal complaints asks for an evaluation regarding the safety in reproductive organs. In order to contribute to the estimation of the safety profile of the flavanones naringenin (Nar), 8?prenylnaringenin (8PN) and 6?(1,1?dimethylally) naringenin (6DMAN), we investigated uterus and vagina derived from a three?day uterotrophic assay in rats. Also, we investigated the metabolite profile resulting from the incubation of the three substances with liver microsomes. While no metabolites were detectable for naringenin, hydroxylation products were observed for 8PN and 6DMAN after incubation with human as well as rat liver microsomes. The parent compound naringenin did not evoke any estrogenic responses in the investigated parameters. A significant increase of the uterine wet weight, uterine epithelial thickness and proliferating vaginal cells was observed in response to 8PN, questioning the safety of 8PN if applied in the human situation. In contrast, no estrogenic effects on the reproductive organs were observed for 6DMAN in the conducted study, rendering it the compound with a more promising safety profile, therefore justifying further investigations into its efficacy to alleviate postmenopausal discomforts. PMID:25305411

Keiler, Annekathrin Martina; Dörfelt, Peggy; Chatterjee, Namita; Helle, Janina; Bader, Manuela I; Vollmer, Günter; Kretzschmar, Georg; Kuhlee, Franziska; Thieme, Detlef; Zierau, Oliver

2015-01-01

67

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumour of the vagina in an 8 year old girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare mesenchymal tumor with an unpredictable natural history. We present the first reported case of PEComa of the vagina diagnosed in an 8-year-old girl. This was initially diagnosed on biopsy as an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and the patient underwent 3 cycles of chemotherapy according to the Mesenchymal Malignant Tumour 1989 protocol. A repeat scan, however, revealed an increase in tumor size. Total resection was achieved via a transvaginal (vertical sleeve) partial vaginectomy. The resected tumor had the typical appearance of a PEComa. Immunostains showed positive staining of tumor cells for HMB45, neuron-specific enolase, and calponin but were negative for S100 protein, melaninA, chromogranin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, caldesmon, epithelial membrane antigen, AE1/3, and synaptophysin. Six months after surgery, she remains free of tumor and is on follow-up with regular local examinations under anesthesia and computed tomography scans. Our case highlights the importance of an accurate initial diagnosis, and we stress the importance of regular surveillance over a significant period. PMID:17336201

Ong, Lin Yin; Hwang, Wei Sek; Wong, Adelina; Chan, Mei Yoke; Chui, Chan Hon

2007-03-01

68

Recurrent paediatric pinworm infection of the vagina as a potential reservoir for Enterobius vermicularis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Enterobius vermicularis infection remains one of the most common parasitic infections, particularly prevalent in children. Enterobiasis, although not usually dangerous, may cause significant morbidity. Elimination of the parasite from a family or an institution often poses problems, either because of an incomplete cure or re-infection. While there have been limited reports of ectopic enterobiasis throughout the world, ours is probably one of the rarest reports of recurrent vaginal E. vermicularis infection in the absence of any gastrointestinal symptoms despite complete treatment. A 4-year-old girl presented with recurrent episodes of vulval itching on 3-4 occasions over 2 years. There was no pruritis ani nor urinary/gastrointestinal complaints. The vulva was inflamed with 4-5 living worms, 6-7 mm in length, emerging from the anterior vaginal fornix, but with no vaginal discharge. Direct microscopic examination of vaginal swabs revealed adult worms of Enterobius but no eggs. Repeated stool samples from the patient, parents and a sibling were negative. The patient was treated orally with 100 mg of mebendazole for 3 days followed by two more courses at 3-week intervals over a period of 3 months. Recurrent vaginal enterobiasis despite complete treatment and in the absence of any gastrointestinal involvement suggests that the vagina is a potential reservoir for E. vermicularis, which supports the theory of rare ectopic enterobiasis through the ascending pathway of the female genital tract. PMID:23721910

Kashyap, B; Samantray, J C; Kumar, S; Jhamb, R; Singh, A K; Kaur, I R

2014-09-01

69

Description of an afterloading 192Ir interstitial-intracavitary technique in the treatment of carcinoma of the vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a preliminary report of an afterloading 192Ir interstitial-intracavitary technique used in the treatment of carcinoma of the vagina. Thirteen cases of carcinoma of the vagina, stages I through III, were treated at the Southern California Cancer Center and University of Southern California Radiation Medicine Unit between November 1976 and February 1978. The Syed-Neblett perineal template is described in detail, as are the precise clinical application techniques. The hallmarks of the method are: 1) ease of use by the physician, 2) homogeneous radiation dose distribution, and 3) differential radiation dose delivery capabilities. The technique is believed to be an improvement over previous modalities of therapy reported in the literature. PMID:6768042

Fleming, P; Nisar Syed, A M; Neblett, D; Puthawala, A; George, F W; Townsend, D

1980-04-01

70

The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (congenital absence of uterus and vagina) – phenotypic manifestations and genetic approaches  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome affects at least 1 out of 4500 women and has for a long time been considered as a sporadic anomaly. Congenital absence of upper vagina and uterus is the prime feature of the disease which, in addition, is often found associated with unilateral renal agenesis or adysplasia as well as skeletal malformations (MURCS association). The phenotypic manifestations of MRKH overlap various other syndromes or associations and thus req...

Pasquier Laurent; Mouchel Thomas; Guerrier Daniel; Pellerin Isabelle

2006-01-01

71

Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Wanita Sudah Menikah Tentang Kebersihan Vagina Di Kota Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia Pada Tahun 2010  

OpenAIRE

Health and hygiene topics are commonly discussed in our community. These are basically taught by our parents since childhood. However, as most parents are uncomfortable discussing on sexual matters, the health and hygiene that are discussed are only limited to general issues, so sexual health are always left behind. Female reproductive organ or vagina is very important to women. Not only as a reproductive organ, it is also used to perform sexual activities with their partners which is why it ...

Siti Nurul Ain binti Jamil

2011-01-01

72

In vivo Raman spectroscopy of human uterine cervix: exploring the utility of vagina as an internal control  

Science.gov (United States)

In vivo Raman spectroscopy is being projected as a new, noninvasive method for cervical cancer diagnosis. In most of the reported studies, normal areas in the cancerous cervix were used as control. However, in the Indian subcontinent, the majority of cervical cancers are detected at advanced stages, leaving no normal sites for acquiring control spectra. Moreover, vagina and ectocervix are reported to have similar biochemical composition. Thus, in the present study, we have evaluated the feasibility of classifying normal and cancerous conditions in the Indian population and we have also explored the utility of the vagina as an internal control. A total of 228 normal and 181 tumor in vivo Raman spectra were acquired from 93 subjects under clinical supervision. The spectral features in normal conditions suggest the presence of collagen, while DNA and noncollagenous proteins were abundant in tumors. Principal-component linear discriminant analysis (PC-LDA) yielded 97% classification efficiency between normal and tumor groups. An analysis of a normal cervix and vaginal controls of cancerous and noncancerous subjects suggests similar spectral features between these groups. PC-LDA of tumor, normal cervix, and vaginal controls further support the utility of the vagina as an internal control. Overall, findings of the study corroborate with earlier studies and facilitate objective, noninvasive, and rapid Raman spectroscopic-based screening/diagnosis of cervical cancers.

Shaikh, Rubina; Dora, Tapas Kumar; Chopra, Supriya; Maheshwari, Amita; Kedar K., Deodhar; Bharat, Rekhi; Krishna, C. Murali

2014-08-01

73

High Frequency of Human Papillomavirus Detection in the Vagina Before First Vaginal Intercourse Among Females Enrolled in a Longitudinal Cohort Study  

OpenAIRE

Background.?Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is believed to be primarily sexually transmitted. Few studies have documented the detection of HPV in the vagina before first vaginal intercourse.

Shew, Marcia L.; Weaver, Bree; Tu, Wanzhu; Tong, Yan; Fortenberry, J. Dennis; Brown, Darron R.

2012-01-01

74

Seminal plasma composition from ejaculates collected by artificial vagina and electroejaculation in Guirra ram.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to evaluate changes in ram seminal plasma composition from ejaculates obtained using artificial vagina (AV) and electroejaculation (EE). To address this question, we assessed the effect of semen collection method on volume, sperm concentration, sodium concentration, potassium concentration, sodium/potassium ratio, total protein content and protein profile using sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and 2-D polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The main findings from this study were: (i) similar volume was obtained, while sperm concentration was significantly lower for EE method; (ii) potassium and sodium/potassium concentration ratio were not influenced by recovery method, while sodium concentration increased significantly when semen was recovered using EE; (iii) approximately 80% of the total relative seminal plasma protein is represented by four protein fractions of molecular weights around 15, 21, 24 and 50 kDa and there were not differences and (iv) focussing the two-dimensional SDS-PAGE gel on the 10-25 kDa rank, the IMAGE ANALYSIS software detected around 22 spots with isoelectric points ranging from 5.1 to 6.1. Two protein spots (15 kDa and 5.5 and 22 kDa and 5.2 for molecular weight and isoelectric point respectively) increased significantly when semen was recovered using EE. One spot protein with molecular weight around 25 kDa and isoelectric point of 5.2 were only found in the seminal plasma from the semen recovery by AV. As it was demonstrated, ejaculates obtained with EE modify the sodium concentration, alter two proteins concentration and induced the loss of one protein in seminal plasma. PMID:18226020

Marco-Jiménez, F; Vicente, J S; Viudes-de-Castro, M P

2008-08-01

75

Avaliação dosimétrica de uma combinação de aplicadores para braquiterapia de tumores do colo uterino com acometimento da porção distal da vagina / Dosimetric evaluation of a combination of brachytherapy applicators for uterine cervix cancer with involvement of the distal vagina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar uma alternativa de braquiterapia para tumores do colo uterino acometendo a porção distal da vagina, sem aumentar os riscos de toxicidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo teórico comparando três diferentes aplicadores de braquiterapia intracavitária de alta taxa de dose: sonda intrauter [...] ina e cilindro vaginal (SC); sonda e anel associado ao cilindro vaginal (SA+C) e um aplicador virtual com sonda, anel e cilindro vaginal em um único conjunto (SAC). Foram prescritas doses de 7 Gy no ponto A e 5 Gy na superfície ou a 5 mm de profundidade na mucosa vaginal, mantendo as doses nos pontos de reto, bexiga e sigmoide abaixo dos limites de tolerância. Foram comparados os volumes englobados pelas isodoses de 50% (V50), 100% (V100), 150% (V150) e 200% (V200), respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Tanto SA+C quanto SAC apresentaram melhor distribuição de dose quando comparados ao aplicador SC. A distribuição de dose obtida com SA+C foi semelhante à do aplicador SAC, sendo V150 e V200 cerca de 50% maiores para SA+C, todavia, dentro do cilindro. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de SA+C em uma única aplicação em dois tempos pode ser uma alternativa de tratamento para pacientes que apresentam tumores de colo uterino com acometimento distal da vagina. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an alternative brachytherapy technique for uterine cervix cancer involving the distal vagina, without increasing the risk of toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Theoretical study comparing three different high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy applicators: intrauterine tandem [...] and vaginal cylinder (TC); tandem/ring applicator combined with vaginal cylinder (TR+C); and a virtual applicator combining both the tandem/ring and vaginal cylinder in a single device (TRC). Prescribed doses were 7 Gy at point A, and 5 Gy on the surface or at a 5 mm depth of the vaginal mucosa. Doses delivered to the rectum, bladder and sigmoid colon were kept below the tolerance limits. Volumes covered by the isodoses, respectively, 50% (V50), 100% (V100), 150% (V150) and 200% (V200) were compared. RESULTS: Both the combined TR+C and TRC presented a better dose distribution as compared with the TC applicator. The TR+C dose distribution was similar to the TRC dose, with V150 and V200 being about 50% higher for TR+C (within the cylinder). CONCLUSION: Combined TR+C in a two-time single application may represent an alternative therapy technique for patients affected by uterine cervix cancer involving the distal vagina.

Roger Guilherme Rodrigues, Guimarães; Heloisa de Andrade, Carvalho; Silvia Radwanski, Stuart; Rodrigo Augusto, Rubo; Rodrigo Migotto, Seraide.

2009-08-01

76

Avaliação dosimétrica de uma combinação de aplicadores para braquiterapia de tumores do colo uterino com acometimento da porção distal da vagina Dosimetric evaluation of a combination of brachytherapy applicators for uterine cervix cancer with involvement of the distal vagina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar uma alternativa de braquiterapia para tumores do colo uterino acometendo a porção distal da vagina, sem aumentar os riscos de toxicidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo teórico comparando três diferentes aplicadores de braquiterapia intracavitária de alta taxa de dose: sonda intrauterina e cilindro vaginal (SC; sonda e anel associado ao cilindro vaginal (SA+C e um aplicador virtual com sonda, anel e cilindro vaginal em um único conjunto (SAC. Foram prescritas doses de 7 Gy no ponto A e 5 Gy na superfície ou a 5 mm de profundidade na mucosa vaginal, mantendo as doses nos pontos de reto, bexiga e sigmoide abaixo dos limites de tolerância. Foram comparados os volumes englobados pelas isodoses de 50% (V50, 100% (V100, 150% (V150 e 200% (V200, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Tanto SA+C quanto SAC apresentaram melhor distribuição de dose quando comparados ao aplicador SC. A distribuição de dose obtida com SA+C foi semelhante à do aplicador SAC, sendo V150 e V200 cerca de 50% maiores para SA+C, todavia, dentro do cilindro. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de SA+C em uma única aplicação em dois tempos pode ser uma alternativa de tratamento para pacientes que apresentam tumores de colo uterino com acometimento distal da vagina.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an alternative brachytherapy technique for uterine cervix cancer involving the distal vagina, without increasing the risk of toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Theoretical study comparing three different high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy applicators: intrauterine tandem and vaginal cylinder (TC; tandem/ring applicator combined with vaginal cylinder (TR+C; and a virtual applicator combining both the tandem/ring and vaginal cylinder in a single device (TRC. Prescribed doses were 7 Gy at point A, and 5 Gy on the surface or at a 5 mm depth of the vaginal mucosa. Doses delivered to the rectum, bladder and sigmoid colon were kept below the tolerance limits. Volumes covered by the isodoses, respectively, 50% (V50, 100% (V100, 150% (V150 and 200% (V200 were compared. RESULTS: Both the combined TR+C and TRC presented a better dose distribution as compared with the TC applicator. The TR+C dose distribution was similar to the TRC dose, with V150 and V200 being about 50% higher for TR+C (within the cylinder. CONCLUSION: Combined TR+C in a two-time single application may represent an alternative therapy technique for patients affected by uterine cervix cancer involving the distal vagina.

Roger Guilherme Rodrigues Guimarães

2009-08-01

77

Clinico-radiobiological evaluation of the correlation between dose and injury rate in radiotherapy of endometrial metastases into the vagina  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Problem of choosing optimum radiobiological model is studied for prediction of the probability of arising radiation-induced complications in case of radiotherapy of patients of corpus uteri carcinoma with metastases into the vagina. Based on the results of radiotherapy (remote plus contact; contact) at different doses the radiobiological modes time dose-fractionation factor is found to be usable in case of radiobiological assesment of various dose fractionation variants and choice of isoeffective regimes under clinical conditions. It is easy in case and makes it possible to predict truly the probability of arising early and late radiation-induced complication

78

Virus del papil.loma humà com a factor pronòstic en les neoplàsies malignes de la vulva i de la vagina  

OpenAIRE

[cat] El Virus del Papil•loma Humà (VPH) està implicat en la patogènesis dels tumors del tracte genital femení i es detecta en la pràctica totalitat dels carcinomes de cèrvix, considerant-se una causa necessària per al seu desenvolupament. El VPH també sembla estar involucrat en una proporció de tumors de la vulva i de la vagina, però al contrari que en el cèrvix, els carcinomes escamosos de la vulva (CEV) i de la vagina (CEVa) es desenvolupen seguint dues vies etiopatogèniques ...

Fuste? Chimisana, Maria Victo?ria

2012-01-01

79

Genital panics: constructing the vagina in women's qualitative narratives about pubic hair, menstrual sex, and vaginal self-image.  

Science.gov (United States)

An emerging body of research targets women's relationship to their genitals, particularly as pubic hair removal and the promotion of female genital surgeries increase in popularity and visibility. This study asked women to discuss their subjective feelings about three related but distinct genital attitudes: pubic hair grooming, sex during menstruation, and genital/vaginal self-image. Specifically, this study applied thematic analysis to qualitative interviews with a community sample of 20 women (mean age=34, SD=13.35) from diverse ages, races, and sexual identity backgrounds to illuminate seven themes in women's narratives about their vaginas: (1) "dirty" or "gross"; (2) needing maintenance; (3) unknown or frustrating; (4) unnatural; (5) comparative; (6) ambivalent; (7) affirmative. Overwhelmingly, women used strong emotional language when discussing their genitals, often evoking descriptions of anxiety, excess, and need for control. Fusions between sexuality and body image, and connections between "genital panics" and internalized racism, sexism, and homophobia, also appeared. PMID:24958655

Fahs, Breanne

2014-06-01

80

Quality of stallion semen obtained by a new semen collection phantom (Equidame) versus a Missouri artificial vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was performed to test a new semen collection device (Equidame phantom) that fractionates the ejaculate by comparing the quality of semen obtained by the Equidame phantom with that obtained by a Missouri artificial vagina. Semen from 4 Finnhorse stallions was collected 4 times per stallion by both methods. Half of the ejaculate was frozen and the other half extended and loaded into 2 Equitainer transport containers (24- and 48-h samples). Motility parameters were determined by a Hamilton-Thorn motility analyzer after cooled storage for 24 and 48 h and again after freezing/thawing. Raw and chilled semen samples were cultured and the number of bacterial colonies counted after incubations of 24 and 48 h. After a 24-h incubation the number of colony-forming units (CFU) in raw semen was significantly higher (Psemen samples contained no bacteria after an incubation of 24 h, and 69% yielded no growth after 48 h. The sperm-rich fractions (Cup 2) collected by the Equidame phantom had lower mean volumes (22.1 +/- 2.3 mL [+/- SEM] versus 101.6 +/- 9.3 mL) and significantly higher mean sperm concentrations (218.0 +/- 25.8 x 10(6) vs 86.2 +/- 8.1 x 10(6) cells/mL; Pfrozen-thawed semen did not differ significantly between collection methods. The Equidame phantom yielded semen that was of a lower bacteriological colony counts, but had sperm motility similar to that of semen collected with the traditional method by the Missouri artificial vagina. PMID:10729034

Lindeberg, H; Karjalainen, H; Koskinen, E; Katila, T

1999-04-15

81

Nonoxynol-9 berberine plural gel has little effect on expression of SLPI, SP-D and lactoferrin in mice’s vagina  

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Full Text Available Background: The most frequently used spermicide Nonoxynol-9 (N-9 in the clinic alters the vaginal flora, which will result in an increased risk of opportunistic infection. So development of a novel spermicidal and microbicidal drug appears to be inevitable. Vaginal local immune is an important part of vaginal flora. Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI, surfactant proteins D (SP-D, and lactoferrin (LF are anti-microbial molecules with important roles in immune system of female vaginas. Objective: To observe effect of a vaginal spermicide nonoxynol-9 (N-9 berberine plural gel on the expression of SLPI SP-D and LF in mice’s vaginas. Materials and Methods: Female BABL/C mice were randomly divided into following 5 groups: normal control group, blank gel group, berberine gel group, 12% N-9 gel group and N-9 berberine plural gel group. Estradiol benzoate at physiological dose was done by hypodermic injection to every group’s mice. After 72h, drug gels were separately injected into the mice’s vaginas, while immunohistochemistry and Western blot were taken to detect the expression of the 3 indexes in mice’s vaginas respectively after 24h and 72h of gel injection. Results: The differences in the three indexes between normal control group and blank gel group were not significant statistically (p>0.05. The expression of the three indexes in 12% N-9 gel group was decreased compared to that in blank gel group (p0.05. Also, the three index's level of 24h and 72h in sub observation groups after treatment were without statistical significance (p>0.05. Conclusion: Application of N-9 berberine plural gel had little impact on antimicrobial peptides in normal mice’s vaginas.

Huang Guangying

2013-01-01

82

Caracterização de leveduras isoladas da vagina e sua associação com candidíase vulvovaginal em duas cidades do sul do Brasil / Characterization of yeasts isolated from the vagina and their association with vulvovaginal candidíasis in two cities of the South of Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: avaliar a distribuição de espécies de leveduras isoladas da vagina em duas localidades do sul do Brasil e comparar o perfil de suscetibilidade in vitro destas leveduras a antifúngicos usados na prática clínica. MÉTODOS: todas as mulheres atendidas entre janeiro e junho de 2004 para exames [...] rotineiros de amostras vaginais, independente de serem sintomáticas ou não, foram incluídas neste estudo. Foram excluídas as que apresentavam imunodeficiências como AIDS ou outras infecções genitais. Amostras de conteúdo vaginal dessas mulheres (Jaraguá do Sul - SC (n=130) e Maringá - PR (n=97)) foram cultivadas. As leveduras isoladas foram identificadas e submetidas ao teste de suscetibilidade aos antifúngicos fluconazol, nistatina e anfotericina B. RESULTADOS: a freqüência de cultura positiva para levedura foi semelhante nas duas localidades, aproximadamente 24%. Candida albicans foi a espécie prevalente, mas sua freqüência diferiu: em SC correspondeu a 77,4% das leveduras e foi a mais freqüente tanto nas mulheres sintomáticas quanto nas assintomáticas. Já no PR foi 50,0%, com predomínio mais evidente nos casos sintomáticos. Observamos altos índices de suscetibilidade ao fluconazol e anfotericina B, porém 51,1% das leveduras apresentaram suscetibilidade dependente da dose (S-DD) para nistatina. C. albicans mostrou maior tendência de resistência à nistatina (52,8% de S-DD) do que as espécies não-albicans (44,4%). CONCLUSÕES: nossos dados mostram diferenças regionais quanto à espécie de levedura em amostras vaginais. Sugerem que a determinação da espécie pode ter implicação clínica, considerando as diferenças quanto à suscetibilidade, principalmente à nistatina, e que poderiam ter importância no manejo da candidíase vulvovaginal. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to evaluate the distribution of yeast species isolated from the vagina in two cities of the South of Brazil and compare the in vitro susceptibility profile of these yeasts against some antifungals, which are used in clinical routine. METHODS: all women attended from January to June 2004 for [...] vaginal routine examinations, independent of being symptomatic or not were included in the study. Only those who presented immunodeficiency like AIDS or any other genital infection were excluded. Samples of vaginal discharge from the women (Jaraguá do Sul - SC (n=130) and Maringá - PR (n=97)) were cultivated. The yeasts were identified and submitted to the susceptibility test against the antifungals fluconazole, nystatin and amphotericin B. RESULTS: the frequency of positive cultures for yeasts was the same in both cities; C. albicans was the most prevalent species (about 24%), but its frequency was different: in SC it corresponded to 77.4% of the yeasts both in symptomatic and asymptomatic women and in PR it was 50.0% with predominance in symptomatic women. We observed high rates of susceptibility to fluconazole and amphotericin B, but 51.1% of the yeasts presented dose-dependent susceptibility (DDS) to nystatin. C. albicans showed a higher tendency to be nystatin resistant (52.8% DDS) than non-albicans species (44.4%). CONCLUSIONS: our data showed geographic differences among the species of yeasts isolated from the vagina and suggest that this fact has clinical relevance considering the differences in susceptibility, especially regarding nystatin, which could be important for the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Magda Helena S. H., Ferrazza; Márcia L. Ferrarezi, Maluf; Marcia Edilaine Lopes, Consolaro; Cristiane Suemi, Shinobu; Terezinha Inez Estivalet, Svidzinski; Márcia Regina, Batista.

2005-02-01

83

Caracterização de leveduras isoladas da vagina e sua associação com candidíase vulvovaginal em duas cidades do sul do Brasil Characterization of yeasts isolated from the vagina and their association with vulvovaginal candidíasis in two cities of the South of Brazil  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar a distribuição de espécies de leveduras isoladas da vagina em duas localidades do sul do Brasil e comparar o perfil de suscetibilidade in vitro destas leveduras a antifúngicos usados na prática clínica. MÉTODOS: todas as mulheres atendidas entre janeiro e junho de 2004 para exames rotineiros de amostras vaginais, independente de serem sintomáticas ou não, foram incluídas neste estudo. Foram excluídas as que apresentavam imunodeficiências como AIDS ou outras infecções genitais. Amostras de conteúdo vaginal dessas mulheres (Jaraguá do Sul - SC (n=130 e Maringá - PR (n=97 foram cultivadas. As leveduras isoladas foram identificadas e submetidas ao teste de suscetibilidade aos antifúngicos fluconazol, nistatina e anfotericina B. RESULTADOS: a freqüência de cultura positiva para levedura foi semelhante nas duas localidades, aproximadamente 24%. Candida albicans foi a espécie prevalente, mas sua freqüência diferiu: em SC correspondeu a 77,4% das leveduras e foi a mais freqüente tanto nas mulheres sintomáticas quanto nas assintomáticas. Já no PR foi 50,0%, com predomínio mais evidente nos casos sintomáticos. Observamos altos índices de suscetibilidade ao fluconazol e anfotericina B, porém 51,1% das leveduras apresentaram suscetibilidade dependente da dose (S-DD para nistatina. C. albicans mostrou maior tendência de resistência à nistatina (52,8% de S-DD do que as espécies não-albicans (44,4%. CONCLUSÕES: nossos dados mostram diferenças regionais quanto à espécie de levedura em amostras vaginais. Sugerem que a determinação da espécie pode ter implicação clínica, considerando as diferenças quanto à suscetibilidade, principalmente à nistatina, e que poderiam ter importância no manejo da candidíase vulvovaginal.PURPOSE: to evaluate the distribution of yeast species isolated from the vagina in two cities of the South of Brazil and compare the in vitro susceptibility profile of these yeasts against some antifungals, which are used in clinical routine. METHODS: all women attended from January to June 2004 for vaginal routine examinations, independent of being symptomatic or not were included in the study. Only those who presented immunodeficiency like AIDS or any other genital infection were excluded. Samples of vaginal discharge from the women (Jaraguá do Sul - SC (n=130 and Maringá - PR (n=97 were cultivated. The yeasts were identified and submitted to the susceptibility test against the antifungals fluconazole, nystatin and amphotericin B. RESULTS: the frequency of positive cultures for yeasts was the same in both cities; C. albicans was the most prevalent species (about 24%, but its frequency was different: in SC it corresponded to 77.4% of the yeasts both in symptomatic and asymptomatic women and in PR it was 50.0% with predominance in symptomatic women. We observed high rates of susceptibility to fluconazole and amphotericin B, but 51.1% of the yeasts presented dose-dependent susceptibility (DDS to nystatin. C. albicans showed a higher tendency to be nystatin resistant (52.8% DDS than non-albicans species (44.4%. CONCLUSIONS: our data showed geographic differences among the species of yeasts isolated from the vagina and suggest that this fact has clinical relevance considering the differences in susceptibility, especially regarding nystatin, which could be important for the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Magda Helena S. H. Ferrazza

2005-02-01

84

Electroejaculation does not impair sperm motility in the beagle dog: a comparative study of electroejaculation and collection by artificial vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sperm samples obtained by electroejaculation (EEJ) in men with anejaculatory infertility have a markedly lower quality than those obtained by normal ejaculation. An electrical effect of the EEJ procedure has been implicated by some investigators as a direct cause of low sperm quality. To determine whether the EEJ procedure causes direct sperm damage, we compared ejaculates obtained from dogs by EEJ and by artificial vagina (AV). In seven adult beagle dogs, semen was collected weekly, alternating between the two procedures. The average (antegrade) sample from AV had a volume of 2.6 ml., sperm concentration of 150.1 x 10(6) per ml., total sperm count of 381.7 x 10(6) and motility of of 26.3%. The average antegrade sample from EEJ had a volume of 1.8 ml., a concentration of 129.6 x 10(6) per ml., a total sperm count of 166.8 x 10(6) and a motility of 30.1%. Of these differences only the total sperm counts and the total motile sperm counts were statistically significant (p anejaculatory men. PMID:8051729

Ohl, D A; Denil, J; Cummins, C; Menge, A C; Seager, S W

1994-09-01

85

Denys-Drash syndrome, septated vagina and low level of anti-Mullerian hormone in male neonate.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a wide variety of genital abnormalities observed in patients with Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS). WT1 is thought to influence the genes related to genital development and mutations in this gene have been associated with DDS. DDS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of newborns with genital anomalies. In contrast to other conditions with 46,XY disorders of sex development, individuals with DDS often have duplicated genital organs (a double vagina, cervix or uterus). A double uterus has not yet been reported with 1390G>A (Arg464 Asn) mutation. However, duplicated genitals have been reported with other genetic mutations in patients with DDS. The duplicated genitals in DDS may be associated with low anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) secretion. Measurement of the AMH levels may add to our understanding of variations in genital development and their abnormalities in disorders such as DDS. In conclusion, this is first case of low level of AMH and double uterus in 1390G>A (Arg464 Asn) mutations of DDS male. PMID:25077094

Lee, Hong Jun; Yeom, Jung-Sook; Park, Ji Sook; Park, Eun Sil; Seo, Ji-Hyun; Lim, Jae Young; Park, Chan-Hoo; Woo, Hyang-Ok; Youn, Hee-Shang

2014-06-01

86

Characterisation of the bacterial microbiota of the vagina of dairy cows and isolation of pediocin-producing Pediococcus acidilactici  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Uterine infections in dairy cows lower profitability of dairy operations. Infections of the reproductive tract are related to the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria during the first three weeks after parturition. However, alterations in the vaginal microbiota composition in the first weeks after parturition remain poorly documented. Results In this study, bacteria isolated from the vagina of healthy pregnant, and infected postpartum cows were ...

Wang Yvonne; Ametaj Burim N; Ambrose Divakar J; Gänzle Michael G

2013-01-01

87

Higher incidence of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix and vagina among women born between 1947 and 1971 in the United States  

OpenAIRE

Although the association between in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix and vagina (CCA) was first reported among young women, subsequent case reports and cohort studies suggest that an elevated risk for CCA may persist with age. Data from the National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program were used to construct indirect standardized incidence ratios (SIR) comparing CCA risk amon...

Smith, Emily K.; White, Mary C.; Weir, Hannah K.; Peipins, Lucy A.; Thompson, Trevor D.

2011-01-01

88

Effects of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus)  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats. The animals were divided into negative control groups (NCG), which received injections of sterile saline; positive control groups (PCG), which were given injections of estradiol valerate; and progesterone groups (PG), which were given injections of Depo-Provera®. After one week of hormonal induction,...

Agenor Storti-Filho; Edilson Damke; Márcia Aparecida Carrara; Marcia Regina Batista; Lucélia Donatti; Cinthia Gandolfi Boer; Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svizdinski; Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro

2011-01-01

89

Immunoglobulin G, Plasma Cells, and Lymphocytes in the Murine Vagina after Vaginal or Parenteral Immunization with Attenuated Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2  

OpenAIRE

This investigation evaluated immunity to vaginal herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection after local or parenteral immunization with attenuated HSV-2. Vaginal immunization induced sterilizing immunity against challenge with a high dose of wild-type virus, whereas parenteral immunizations protected against neurologic disease but did not entirely prevent infection of the vagina. Vaginal immunization caused 86- and 31-fold increases in the numbers of immunoglobulin G (IgG) plasma cells in ...

Parr, Earl L.; Parr, Margaret B.

1998-01-01

90

Persistence of Lactobacillus fermentum RC-14 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 but Not L. rhamnosus GG in the Human Vagina as Demonstrated by Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA  

OpenAIRE

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. fermentum RC-14 are well-characterized probiotic strains with efficacy in the prevention and treatment of urogenital infections in women. The aim of the present study was to apply a molecular biology-based methodology for the detection of these strains and L. rhamnosus GG (a commercially available intestinal probiotic) in the human vagina in order to assess probiotic persistence at this site. Ten healthy women inserted vaginally a capsule containing either ...

Gardiner, Gillian E.; Heinemann, Christine; Bruce, Andrew W.; Beuerman, Dee; Reid, Gregor

2002-01-01

91

Expression and distribution of the transient receptor potential cationic channel ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) in the human vagina.  

Science.gov (United States)

The transient receptor potential cationic channel type A1 (TRPA1), belonging to a superfamily of cationic membrane channels, has been suggested to act as mechano- and pain sensor and, thus, to play a role in neurotransmission in the human body, including the urogenital tract. While the expression of TRPA1 has been investigated in a variety of tissues, up until today, no study has addressed the expression and distribution in the female genital tract. The present study aimed to investigate the expression and distribution of TRPA1 protein in human vaginal tissue. Reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) was applied in order to identify messenger ribonuleic acid specifically encoding for TRPA/A1. The distribution of TRPA1 in relation to the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the signaling peptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was examined by means of immunohistochemical methods (double-antibody technique, laser fluorescence microscopy). RT-PCR analysis revealed the expression of mRNA encoding sequences specific for TRPA in the vaginal wall and epithelium. Immunostaining related to TRPA1 was observed in the basal epithelium and in slender varicose nerve fibers transversing the subepithelial and stromal space of the vaginal sections. In addition, these fibers presented immunoreactivity specific for nNOS or CGRP. The smooth musculature of the vaginal wall and small vessels interspersing the tissue did not present signals related to TRPA1. The findings indicate that TRPA1 might be involved in afferent neurotransmission in the vagina and work synergistically together with the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway. PMID:25056810

Ückert, S; Sonnenberg, J E; Albrecht, K; Kuczyk, M A; Hedlund, P

2015-01-01

92

Characterisation of the bacterial microbiota of the vagina of dairy cows and isolation of pediocin-producing Pediococcus acidilactici  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Uterine infections in dairy cows lower profitability of dairy operations. Infections of the reproductive tract are related to the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria during the first three weeks after parturition. However, alterations in the vaginal microbiota composition in the first weeks after parturition remain poorly documented. Results In this study, bacteria isolated from the vagina of healthy pregnant, and infected postpartum cows were characterised by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD analysis and partial 16S ribosomal RNA (rDNA gene sequencing. Populations of bacilli and lactic acid bacteria of the genera Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus were present in both healthy and infected cows. Infected cows had a significant increase in the vaginal enteric bacteria population which consisted mainly of Escherichia coli. Three E. coli isolates harboured the gene coding for Shiga-like-toxin (SLT I or II. Several isolates of the Pediococcus acidilactici were found to produce the bacteriocin pediocin AcH/PA-1. Quantitative PCR analyses of vaginal mucus samples collected from ten metritic cows before and after parturition confirmed the presence of the Lactobacillus group (Lactobacillus spp., Pediococcus spp., Leuconostoc spp., and Weissella spp.; Enterobacteriaceae, E. coli, and bacilli. The presence of the pediocin AcH/PA-1 structural gene and SLT genes were also confirmed with qPCR. Conclusions In conclusion, overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria, particularly E. coli, after parturition likely contributes to the development of metritis. Our microbiota analysis extends the information related to the composition of commensal bacteria in the bovine female reproductive tract and may facilitate the development of novel intervention strategies for prevention of uterine infections in dairy cows.

Wang Yvonne

2013-01-01

93

Il Linguaggio della Vagina  

OpenAIRE

La cultura delle masse è oggi una cultura prevalentemente visuale. Tra i segni visuali da tempo in crescita è quello, caratteristico, della depilazione pubica femminile. Originata all'interno della cultura porno come segno di passività, questa pratica si è incontrata con i simboli della pulizia, dell'igiene, del rispetto, trasformando così il proprio significato in quello di autonomia e libertà. Così le donne possono depilarsi per scopi erotici minimizzando però la valenza sessuale de...

Marco Menicocci

2011-01-01

94

Il Linguaggio della Vagina  

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Full Text Available La cultura delle masse è oggi una cultura prevalentemente visuale. Tra i segni visuali da tempo in crescita è quello, caratteristico, della depilazione pubica femminile. Originata all'interno della cultura porno come segno di passività, questa pratica si è incontrata con i simboli della pulizia, dell'igiene, del rispetto, trasformando così il proprio significato in quello di autonomia e libertà. Così le donne possono depilarsi per scopi erotici minimizzando però la valenza sessuale del gesto tramite la tendenza alla super-igiene.

Marco Menicocci

2011-12-01

95

Primary intestinal-type glandular lesions of the vagina: clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical features of 14 cases ranging from benign polyp to adenoma to adenocarcinoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary intestinal-type glandular lesions of the vagina are rare. We report a series of 14 lesions, including 1 intestinal-type polyp without neoplastic features, 3 adenomas (2 with high-grade dysplasia), and 10 adenocarcinomas. Patients ranged in age from 20 to 86 years (mean 60 y) and presented with vaginal bleeding or a mass. No history of diethylstilbestrol exposure, adenosis, or endometriosis was elicited in any patient. The lesions were mostly polypoid, small (0.8 to 2.0 cm), and located in the posterior (6 cases) and lower (7 cases) vagina. One carcinoma metastasized to a para-aortic lymph node; the others were confined to the vagina. The neoplasms exhibited histologic features identical to those seen in primary large intestinal tumors, including variable numbers of goblet cells and in 1 case neuroendocrine cells. Five of the adenocarcinomas contained areas consistent with a precursor adenoma. In 3 cases, a benign urothelium-lined duct was adjacent to the lesion, and in 2 patients benign intestinal-type epithelium was present; no other potential benign precursor lesions were seen. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on 6 cases; the tumors were positive for CDX-2 (6/6), CK20 (5/6), CEA (5/5), CK7 (4/6), and CA-125 (2/4) and were negative for ER (0/6) and p16 (0/2). Clinical outcome data were available in 3 patients with adenocarcinomas; 1 died of disease in <1 year, and 2 were alive with no evidence of disease at 2 and 7 years. The pertinent literature is reviewed, and the potential origin and differential diagnosis of these lesions are discussed. PMID:24722061

Staats, Paul N; McCluggage, W Glenn; Clement, Philip B; Young, Robert H

2014-05-01

96

Cloning of 16S rRNA genes amplified from normal and disturbed vaginal microflora suggests a strong association between Atopobium vaginae, Gardnerella vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosis remains largely elusive, although some microorganisms, including Gardnerella vaginalis, are suspected of playing a role in the etiology of this disorder. Recently culture-independent analysis of microbial ecosystems has proven its efficacy in characterizing the diversity of bacterial populations. Here, we report on the results obtained by combining culture and PCR-based methods to characterize the normal and disturbed vaginal microflora. Results A total of 150 vaginal swab samples from healthy women (115 pregnant and 35 non-pregnant were categorized on the basis of Gram stain of direct smear as grade I (n = 112, grade II (n = 26, grade III (n = 9 or grade IV (n = 3. The composition of the vaginal microbial community of eight of these vaginal swabs (three grade I, two grade II and three grade III, all from non-pregnant women, were studied by culture and by cloning of the 16S rRNA genes obtained after direct amplification. Forty-six cultured isolates were identified by tDNA-PCR, 854 cloned 16S rRNA gene fragments were analysed of which 156 by sequencing, yielding a total of 38 species, including 9 presumptively novel species with at least five species that have not been isolated previously from vaginal samples. Interestingly, cloning revealed that Atopobium vaginae was abundant in four out of the five non-grade I specimens. Finally, species specific PCR for A. vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis pointed to a statistically significant co-occurrence of both species in the bacterial vaginosis samples. Conclusions Although historically the literature regarding bacterial vaginosis has largely focused on G. vaginalis in particular, several findings of this study – like the abundance of A. vaginae in disturbed vaginal microflora and the presence of several novel species – indicate that much is to be learned about the composition of the vaginal microflora and its relation to the etiology of BV.

De Ganck Catharine

2004-04-01

97

Nematode neuropeptide modulation of the vagina vera of Ascaris suum: in vitro effects of PF1, PF2, PF4, AF3 and AF4.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ascaris suum possesses a large number of FMRFamide-related peptides (FaRPs) of which KNEFIRFamide (AF1), KHEYLRFamide (AF2) and KSAYMRFamide (AF8/PF3) have been shown to modulate the intrinsic, rhythmic activity of the vagina vera of A. suum in vitro. In the present study, the effects of the nematode FaRPs, SDPNFLRFamide (PF1), SADPNFLREamide (PF2) and KPNFIRFamide (PF4) (from Panagrellus redivivus) and AVPGVLRFamide (AF3) and GDVPGVLRFamide (AF4) (from A. suum) on the in vitro activity of the vagina vera were examined. The effects of each of the peptides were qualitatively and quantitatively distinct. All 3 FaRPs from P. redivivus were inhibitory, causing a cessation of contractions. PF2 was 3 times more potent than PF1, with a threshold of 1 nM. Although PF4 was the least potent (threshold, 10 nM), its effects at > or = 10 nM were quantitatively the greatest. Both AF3 and AF4 (1 microM) induced complex, multiphasic responses consisting of an initial contraction and spastic paralysis followed by a return of contractile activity of increased amplitude. AF3 was 3 times more potent than AF4. The effects of these peptides had some similarities to those observed on A. suum somatic body wall muscle in vitro, with PF1, PF2 and PF4 being inhibitory and AF3 and AF4 being excitatory. PMID:10726269

Fellowes, R A; Maule, A G; Marks, N J; Geary, T G; Thompson, D P; Halton, D W

2000-01-01

98

Total cystectomy and subsequent urinary diversion to the prepuce or vagina in dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the trigone area: A report of 10 cases (2005-2011).  

Science.gov (United States)

The cases of 10 dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder that underwent total cystectomy were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of total cystectomy and ureteral transplantation to the prepuce or vagina. Dehiscence of ureterostomy (n = 2), pyelonephritis (n = 3), oliguria (n = 2), azotemia (n = 1), and ureteral obstruction (n = 1) were observed complications. The estimated median survival time was 385 days. This study demonstrates the feasibility of total cystectomy and subsequent urinary diversion to the prepuce or vagina in dogs. Compared to previous ureterocolonic anastomosis, this technique is associated with fewer gastrointestinal and neurologic complications. PMID:25565719

Saeki, Kohei; Fujita, Atsushi; Fujita, Naoki; Nakagawa, Takayuki; Nishimura, Ryohei

2015-01-01

99

Effects of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os efeitos do acetato de depomedroxyprogesterona (ADMP) no desenvolvimento e manutenção de Candida albicans na vagina de ratas Wistar ooferectomizadas. Os animais foram divididos em grupos controle negativos (GCN), que receberam injeções de salina estéril [...] ; grupos controle positivos (GCP), que receberam injeções de valerato de estradiol; e grupos progesterona (GP), nos quais foram feitas injeções de Depo-Provera®. Após uma semana da aplicação hormonal, foi induzida a infecção vaginal por C. albicans em todos os grupos, detectada por cultura para leveduras vaginais e esfregaço de Papanicolaou. Foram feitas ainda imagens por microscopia eletrônica de varredura e transmissão para confirmar a infecção pela levedura no GP. Foram observados diferentes níveis de progesterona em GP, entre os valores basais e após a indução hormonal (P Abstract in english The objective of this study was to determine the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats. The animals were divided into negative control groups (NCG), which received injections of sterile saline; [...] positive control groups (PCG), which were given injections of estradiol valerate; and progesterone groups (PG), which were given injections of Depo-Provera®. After one week of hormonal induction, vaginal infection by C. albicans was induced in all the groups and detected by vaginal yeast culture and Papanicolaou smear. In addition, scanning and transmission electron microscopy images were obtained to confirm the vaginal infection by yeast in PG. A difference in progesterone levels in PG was observed between the basal level and after hormonal induction (P

Agenor, Storti-Filho; Edilson, Damke; Márcia Aparecida, Carrara; Marcia Regina, Batista; Lucélia, Donatti; Cinthia Gandolfi, Boer; Terezinha Inez Estivalet, Svizdinski; Márcia Edilaine Lopes, Consolaro.

2011-03-01

100

Histometric Parameters of Uterus and Vagina in Breeder Female Rabbits on the Day After Weaning According to the Ordinal Number of Parturitions / Parámetros Histométricos en Útero y Vagina de Conejas Reproductoras en el día Posterior al Destete Según el Número Ordinal de Partos  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar en conejas Nueva Zelanda el efecto del número ordinal de partos sobre algunos parámetros histológicos, en el día posterior al destete. A partir de hembras de primero, segundo y tercer parto se obtuvieron fragmentos de tejido uterino y vaginal los que s [...] e procesaron mediante la técnica de inclusión en parafina para efectuar cortes histológicos. En ocho campos microscópicos capturados con una cámara conectada a un microscopio óptico se midió la altura del epitelio luminal y glandular del endometrio; el grosor del epitelio de la vagina y del miometrio. A partir de los resultados obtenidos se concluye que existen diferencias significativas (p Abstract in english The objective of this study was to establish in New Zealand female rabbits, the effect of ordinal number of parturitions on some histological parameters on the day after weaning. Tissue fragments of uterus and vagina were obtained from females of first, second and third parturitions and were process [...] ed imbedding them in paraffin in order to do histological cuts. In eight microscope fields captured by a camera connected to an optic microscope, the lumen and glandular endometrial epithelium height, as well as the thickness of vaginal and myometrium epithelium thickness were measured. From the results that were obtained it was concluded that there are significant differences (p

José Alfonso, Banda-Herrera; Jesús, Aragón Hernández; Reyes, López Ordaz; Jorge, Hernández Espinosa; Mario, Pérez-Martínez.

2014-06-01

101

Effects of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA on the development and maintenance of Candida albicans in the vagina of oophorectomized Wistar rats. The animals were divided into negative control groups (NCG, which received injections of sterile saline; positive control groups (PCG, which were given injections of estradiol valerate; and progesterone groups (PG, which were given injections of Depo-Provera®. After one week of hormonal induction, vaginal infection by C. albicans was induced in all the groups and detected by vaginal yeast culture and Papanicolaou smear. In addition, scanning and transmission electron microscopy images were obtained to confirm the vaginal infection by yeast in PG. A difference in progesterone levels in PG was observed between the basal level and after hormonal induction (PO objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os efeitos do acetato de depomedroxyprogesterona (ADMP no desenvolvimento e manutenção de Candida albicans na vagina de ratas Wistar ooferectomizadas. Os animais foram divididos em grupos controle negativos (GCN, que receberam injeções de salina estéril; grupos controle positivos (GCP, que receberam injeções de valerato de estradiol; e grupos progesterona (GP, nos quais foram feitas injeções de Depo-Provera®. Após uma semana da aplicação hormonal, foi induzida a infecção vaginal por C. albicans em todos os grupos, detectada por cultura para leveduras vaginais e esfregaço de Papanicolaou. Foram feitas ainda imagens por microscopia eletrônica de varredura e transmissão para confirmar a infecção pela levedura no GP. Foram observados diferentes níveis de progesterona em GP, entre os valores basais e após a indução hormonal (P<0,0001. Neste grupo, 100,0% das ratas contraíram a infecção vaginal na primeira semana, mas não a mantiveram até a terceira semana. A forma farmacêutica de ADMP foi efetiva em induzir as fases de metaestro e diestro do ciclo estral das ratas, da mesma forma que usando progesterona pura. Em contraste com o que ocorre no tratamento com estrógeno, a progesterona não pôde manter a infecção vaginal experimental por C. albicans por um período significativo de tempo.

Agenor Storti-Filho

2011-03-01

102

HUBUNGAN AKTIVITAS SEKSUAL PADA USIA DINI, PROMISKUITAS DAN BILAS VAGINA DENGAN KEJADIAN KANKER LEHER RAHIM PADA PASIEN ONKOLOGY DI RSUD Dr.MOEWARDI SURAKARTA  

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Full Text Available Background: Cervical cancer ranks the top cause of cancer deaths in developing countries. At Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta cervical cancer was found in most cancers. Risk factors associated with health and cleanliness of the female reproductive tract can increase the incidence of cervical cancer. Purpose this study aims to determine factors associated with female reproductive health tract and the occurrence of cervical cancer. Method: The study was a quantitative analytical research used cross sectional design. Data used primary data from interviews and secondary data from medical records. Bivariate analysis using chi square test used to prove the hypothesis. Results: Statistical analysis by chi square test for sex at an early age got p value=0,382 and the prevalence ratio= 1,375, for promiscuity with incidence cervical cancer got p value=0,481 and prevalence ratio=1,314, for vaginal douching with incidence cervical cancer got p value=0,121 and prevalence ratio=0,571. Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between sex on early age with incidence of cervical cancer, there was no significant correlation between promiscuity with incidence of cervical cancer, there was no significant correlation between vaginal douching with incidence of cervical cancer at Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta on Mey until Juny 2010. Key words: sex at an early age, promiscuity, rinse the vagina, cervix cancer

. Ridhaningsih

2013-04-01

103

Detection of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus species in the vagina: a comparison of culture and quantitative PCR among HIV-1 seropositive women  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2 producing Lactobacillus in the vagina may play a role in controlling genital HIV-1 shedding. Sensitive molecular methods improve our ability to characterize the vaginal microbiota; however, they cannot characterize phenotype. We assessed the concordance of H2O2-producing Lactobacillus detected by culture with quantitative PCR (qPCR detection of Lactobacillus species commonly assumed to be H2O2-producers. Methods Samples were collected as part of a prospective cohort study of HIV-1 seropositive US women. Cervicovaginal lavage specimens were tested for L. crispatus and L. jensenii using 16S rRNA gene qPCR assays. Vaginal swabs were cultured for Lactobacillus and tested for H2O2-production. We calculated a kappa statistic to assess concordance between culture and qPCR. Results Culture and qPCR results were available for 376 visits from 57 women. Lactobacilli were detected by culture at 308 (82% visits, of which 233 of 308 (76% produced H2O2. L. crispatus and/or L. jensenii were detected at 215 (57% visits. Concordance between detection of L. crispatus and/or L. jensenii by qPCR and H2O2-producing Lactobacillus by culture was 75% (kappa = 0.45. Conclusions Among HIV-1 seropositive women, there was a moderate level of concordance between H2O2-producing Lactobacillus detected by culture and the presence of L. crispatus and/or L. jensenii by qPCR. However, one-quarter of samples with growth of H2O2-producing lactobacilli did not have L. crispatus or L. jensenii detected by qPCR. This discordance may be due to the presence of other H2O2-producing Lactobacillus species.

Balkus Jennifer E

2012-08-01

104

Citologia Hormonal do Trato Urinário Baixo e da Vagina de Mulheres na Pós-menopausa, antes e durante Estrogenioterapia Oral e Transdérmica / Urinary and Vaginal Cytology of Postmenopausal Women with Oral and Transdermal Estrogen Replacement  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: avaliar a ação dos estrogênios por via oral ou transdérmica nas células do trato urinário baixo e da vagina, em mulheres menopausadas. Métodos: foram incluídas 25 mulheres na pós-menopausa, nas quais se estudaram os efeitos citológicos da terapia de reposição hormonal estrogênica, por via [...] oral e por via transdérmica, sobre as células da vagina e do sedimento urinário. As pacientes foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em 2 grupos: Grupo I, constituído por 14 mulheres que receberam 0,625 mg de estrogênio conjugado eqüino associado a 5 mg de acetato de medroxiprogesterona, por via oral, diariamente sem intervalo por três meses, e Grupo II, formado por 11 mulheres que fizeram uso de 17-beta-estradiol matricial na dose de 50 mig, por via transdérmica, semanalmente, associado a 5 mg de acetato de medroxiprogesterona diariamente por três meses. As amostras urinárias foram obtidas do jato inicial da primeira urina da manhã, após asseio dos genitais, em frascos estéreis fornecidos pelo laboratório. A urina foi centrifugada e o esfregaço realizado a partir do sedimento urinário. Os esfregaços da vagina e do sedimento urinário foram imediatamente fixados em álcool absoluto e corados pelo método de Shorr. Resultados: observou-se que nas pacientes que utilizaram a via oral, houve maturação das células da vagina (o índice se elevou de 45,4 a 65,5 com dois meses de tratamento, permanecendo praticamente constante (62,0) a seguir. Quanto às células urinárias, não houve variação do valor de maturação (56,4 antes da medicação e 60,4 no final do período). Ao examinarmos tanto as células da urina quanto da vagina de pacientes que utilizaram a via transdérmica, notou-se que houve resposta satisfatória. Conclusão: com estes resultados podemos sugerir que os estrogênios, quando administrados por via transdérmica, estão associados à resposta satisfatória quanto ao trofismo tanto na vagina quanto na uretra. No entanto, quando se utiliza a via oral, nem sempre este resultado pode ser observado. Abstract in english Objective: to study the effects of oral or transdermal estrogen replacement on the lower urinary tract and vagina in postmenopausal women. Methods: we studied 25 postmenopausal women evaluating the oral or transdermic estrogen replacement effects on the vaginal cells and urinary sediment during 3 mo [...] nths. The patients were randomly distributed into 2 groups: Group I, n = 14, treated orally with 0.625 mg equine conjugated estrogen plus 5 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate, daily for 3 months; Group II, n = 11, treated transdermally with 50 mug 17-ß-estradiol, once a week, plus 5 mg medroxyprogesterone. Daily, for 3 months, urinary samples were collected from the first miction in the morning after urogenital antisepsis into sterile tubes. The sample was centrifuged and the sediment was smeared. Vaginal and urinary smears were then fixed in absoluted alcohol and stained by the method of Shorr. Results: the patients who used the oral route presented maturation of the vaginal cells (from 45.4 to 65.5% after 2 months of treatment, maintaing 62% afterwards) but this did not occur with urinary cells (56.4 before treatment versus 60.4% at the end of the period). The transdermal route promoted maturation of vaginal and urinary cells. Conclusion: we have concluded that transdermal estrogens have satisfactory effects both on vaginal and urethral sites. However, with the oral route we did not find the expected results in the urinary tract in all cases.

Áurea Belas, Lustosa; Manoel João Batista Castello, Girão; Marair Gracio Ferreira, Sartori; Edmund Chada, Baracat; Geraldo Rodrigues de, Lima.

2002-10-01

105

Prevalência de cândida na flora vaginal de mulheres atendidas num serviço de planejamento familiar Prevalence of candida in the vagina of women attended at a family planning service  

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Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de Candida sp. e a distribuição de suas espécies na flora vaginal de mulheres numa clínica de planejamento familiar. Método: estudo transversal no qual se avaliaram prospectivamente 72 mulheres não-grávidas, com ou sem queixas específicas, sendo coletadas amostras de secreção vaginal para cultura de leveduras, efetuada a medição do pH vaginal e anotados dados de achados do exame ginecológico. Resultados: leveduras pertencentes ao gênero Candida foram encontradas em 18 casos (25%. A C. albicans foi a espécie mais prevalente (77,8% e conseqüentemente 22,2% foram não-albicans. Entre as não-albicans a espécie mais prevalente foi a C. glabrata (16,7% seguida pela C. parapsilosis (5,6%. Prurido e ardor foram os únicos sintomas relacionados significativamente com a presença de cândida. Foi observado que a C. glabrata, ao contrário da C. albicans, não causa corrimento clinicamente verificável ao exame ginecológico. Não foram verificadas associações de alguns fatores predisponentes (idade, escolaridade e uso de contraceptivos com a presença ou não de cândida. Conclusões: nossos resultados sugerem: a uma alta prevalência de Candida sp. entre as mulheres (25%; b que as espécies não-albicans desempenham um papel importante no meio vaginal; c que prurido e ardor são os sintomas mais comuns na presença de cândida e d que a C. glabrata não costuma causar corrimento vaginal ao exame ginecológico. Finalmente, é importante observar que nossos resultados são consistentes com o que a literatura internacional tem mostrado nos últimos anos.SUMMARY Purpose: to estimate the prevalence of Candida sp. and the distribution of its species in the vagina of women attended at a family planning Service. Methods: a cross-sectional study evaluating prospectively 72 nonpregnant women, with or without specific complaints. Samples were checked for the presence of yeast and vaginal pH. Data obtained by gynecologic examination were also recorded. Results: yeast belonging to the genus Candida was isolated from 18 (25% patients. The most prevalent species was C. albicans (77,8% and therefore, 22.2% were non-albicans species. The most prevalent among the non-albicans species was C. glabrata (16.7% followed by C. parapsilosis (5.6%. The symptoms most directly associated with Candida were itching and burning. Different from the symptoms directly associated with C. albicans infection, we observed that C. glabrata does not cause vaginal discharge. There was no positive association between predisponent factors such as age, education and contraceptive method used and the presence or absence of Candida. Conclusions: our results suggest: (i that there is a high prevalence of Candida species among women; (ii that non-albicans species play an important role in the vaginal medium; (iii that itching and burning are the most common symptoms in women with Candida, and (iv C. glabrata usually does not cause vaginal discharge. Finally, it is important to emphasize that our results are consistent with the present worldwide findings.

Antônio Aleixo Neto

1999-01-01

106

Citología y Análisis Morfométrico de las Células del Epitelio Vaginal Durante el Ciclo Estral en Ovejas de Pelo (Ovis aries) / Citology and Morphometric Analysis of Epithelial Cells from the Vagina of Hair Sheep Ewes (Ovis aries) During their Estrous Cycle  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La citología vaginal puede usarse para caracterizar estados del ciclo reproductivo de la hembra. Sin embargo, no ha sido validada en ovinos de pelo, y ofrece resultados inexactos debido a interpretaciones subjetivas. El objetivo del presente trabajo es tipificar las características morfológicas y mo [...] rfométricas de las células epiteliales de la vagina durante el ciclo estral en ovinos de pelo. Cinco borregas Santa Cruz se sincronizaron con esponjas intravaginales. Desde el día del 1er celo posterior al retiro de la esponja y hasta el siguiente celo, se obtuvieron muestras diarias del epitelio vaginal de cada oveja, y se cuantificó el número de células parabasales, intermedias y superficiales, y se midió la longitud, perímetro y área de citoplasma y núcleo de cada una. Los resultados muestran que las células superficiales incrementan (P Abstract in english Vaginal cytology can be used to characterize stages of the reproductive cycle of the female. However, it has not been validated in hair sheep, and generates inaccurate results due to subjective interpretations. Thus, the purpose of the present work is to typify morphologic and morphometric character [...] istics of the epithelial cells from the vagina during the estrous cycle of hair sheep. Five Saint Croix ewes were synchronized with intravaginal sponges. Day zero of the cycle was considered the day of first estrus after sponge withdrawal. From this day until next estrus, samples from the vaginal epithelium were obtained daily from each ewe. The number of basal, intermediate and superficial cells was quantified, and length, perimeter, and area from cytoplasm and nucleus were obtained. The results show that the number of superficial cells increase (P

Neftali, Clemente Ovando; Agustín, Orihuela Trujillo; Fernando Iván, Flores Pérez; Virginio, Aguirre Flores.

2013-09-01

107

MRI of the uterus, uterine cervix, and vagina: diagnostic performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced fast multiplanar gradient-echo imaging in comparison with fast spin-echo T2-weighted pulse imaging.  

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The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced fast multiplanar gradient-echo (GRE) and T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) image sets in the assessment of uterus, cervix, and vagina. Fast (up to 20 contiguous sections in 23 s) multiplanar GRE and FSE images of 45 patients referred for imaging of the female pelvis were evaluated retrospectively with regard to overall image quality and the ability to detect normal anatomic structures, as well as lesion conspicuity. Results were compared with histologic findings (n = 29) or clinical follow-up. Furthermore, a quantitative assessment of contrast-to-noise ratios among normal uterine and cervical structures as well as uterine lesions was performed for both sequences. On GRE images, uterine and cervical differentiation was best seen on the image sets acquired 15 and 60 s following contrast enhancement and results were significantly better compared with delayed images (p < 0.05). Delineation of the junctional zone was significantly (p < 0.05) better on FSE compared with GRE images; no significant difference was seen for the other anatomic structures. Overall image quality of GRE and FSE images was similar. Sensitivity for lesion detection based on both GRE and FSE images was 96% with a sensitivity of 93% for GRE, and 81% for FSE images alone, respectively. Using the extended McNemar chi 2 test, the difference in diagnostic performance between FSE and GRE revealed no significant difference, whereas the combination of both techniques performed better than FSE imaging alone (p < 0.05). The presented data suggest that dynamic contrast-enhanced GRE imaging should be part of an MR examination of the female pelvis. Combined GRE and FSE imaging provide an excellent sensitivity in the assessment of uterine and vaginal pathologies. PMID:9853231

Liu, P F; Krestin, G P; Huch, R A; Göhde, S C; Caduff, R F; Debatin, J F

1998-01-01

108

MRI of the uterus, uterine cervix, and vagina: diagnostic performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced fast multiplanar gradient-echo imaging in comparison with fast spin-echo T2-weighted pulse imaging  

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The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced fast multiplanar gradient-echo (GRE) and T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) image sets in the assessment of uterus, cervix, and vagina. Fast (up to 20 contiguous sections in 23 s) multiplanar GRE and FSE images of 45 patients referred for imaging of the female pelvis were evaluated retrospectively with regard to overall image quality and the ability to detect normal anatomic structures, as well as lesion conspicuity. Results were compared with histologic findings (n = 29) or clinical follow-up. Furthermore, a quantitative assessment of contrast-to-noise ratios among normal uterine and cervical structures as well as uterine lesions was performed for both sequences. On GRE images, uterine and cervical differentiation was best seen on the image sets acquired 15 and 60 s following contrast enhancement and results were significantly better compared with delayed images (p < 0.05). Delineation of the junctional zone was significantly (p < 0.05) better on FSE compared with GRE images; no significant difference was seen for the other anatomic structures. Overall image quality of GRE and FSE images was similar. Sensitivity for lesion detection based on both GRE and FSE images was 96 % with a sensitivity of 93 % for GRE, and 81 % for FSE images alone, respectively. Using the extended McNemar {chi}{sup 2} test, the difference in diagnostic performance between FSE and GRE revealed no significant difference, whereas the combination of both techniques performed better than FSE imaging alone (p < 0.05). The presented data suggest that dynamic contrast-enhanced GRE imaging should be part of an MR examination of the female pelvis. Combined GRE and FSE imaging provide an excellent sensitivity in the assessment of uterine and vaginal pathologies. (orig.) (orig.) With 8 figs., 2 tabs., 16 refs.

Liu, P.F.; Krestin, G.P.; Huch, R.A.; Goehde, S.C.; Debatin, J.F. [Zurich University Hospital (Switzerland); Caduff, R.F. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Zurich University Hospital (Switzerland)

1998-10-01

109

Caracterización de la microbiota levaduriforme residente en la vagina de perras en diferentes fases del ciclo estral Characterization of vaginal microbiotic yeasts of bitches in distinct stages of the oestrous cycle  

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Full Text Available Hongos levaduriformes son aislados frecuentemente de los animales domésticos y silvestres, siendo algunos comensales del tegumento y mucosas. Las levaduras son frecuentes en la mucosa vaginal de las mujeres, pero en perras son escasos los estudios referentes a la microbiota fúngica vaginal, sin conocerse su relación con el ciclo reproductivo. En este estudio se buscó aislar e identificar levaduras de la microbiota vaginal de perras, y establecer si hay alteración de la microbiota levaduriforme en las fases del ciclo reproductivo. Se analizaron 75 muestras de la vagina de 75 perras de los caniles particulares (Grupo I y 224 muestras de 14 perras experimentales (Grupo II. El ciclo estral fue determinado por citología vaginal y se registraron observaciones clínicas como sangrado, edema y pliegues de vulva. Las muestras fueron sometidas a examen directo y cultivos en Agar-Sabouraud dextrosa con cloranfenicol, a 37 ºC por 10 días. Las levaduras fueron clasificadas por macro y micromorfología, pruebas bioquímicas, tubo germinativo y microcultivo. De las 75 muestras del grupo I, el aislamiento fue 33,3% (n = 25; las muestras fueron obtenidas en las fases de proestro 56,3%, estro 16,7%, diestro 66,7% y anestro 20,5%, respectivamente. De las 224 muestras del grupo II se aislaron levaduras en 147 (65,6%: en proestro 61,9%, estro 71,9%, diestro 82,7% y anestro 57,1%, respectivamente. Las levaduras fueron identificadas como Candida spp, Malassezia pachydermatis y Rhodoturola spp. Los resultados sugieren que estas levaduras forman parte de la microbiota vaginal de perras sanas y sus frecuencias se alteran en las fases del ciclo reproductivo.Yeasts are commensal organisms frequently isolated from the skin and mucous membranes of domestic and wild mammals. Although yeasts are frequently isolated from women’s vaginal mucus, similar studies in canine are rare, therefore their behaviour during the canine oestrous cycle is unknown. The purpose of this study was to isolate yeasts from the vaginal microbiota of bitches and to evaluate their behaviour in different stages of the oestrous cycle. We examined 75 samples of mucus from the vaginal cavity of 75 domestic bitches and 224 samples from 14 experimental bitches. The stages of the oestrous cycle were characterized through vaginal cytology and clinical observation of bleeding, vulvar oedema and pucker. Samples were examined visually, and also cultured in Sabouraud dextrose agar with chloranphenicol, at 37 ºC for 10 days. The yeasts were classified according to their macro and micro morphology, biochemical tests, germination tube and micro culture. Yeasts were isolated from 25 (33.3% samples from domestic females. Among the samples collected during proestrous, oestrous, diestrous and anestrous, 56.3% 16.7% 66.7% and 20.5% were positive, respectively. Yeasts were isolated from 147 (65.6% samples from experimental bitches. Among the samples collected during proestrous, oestrous, diestrous and anestrous, positive samples represented 61.9%, 71.9%, 82.7%, and 57.1%, respectively. The identified species were Candida spp, M. pachydermatis and Rhodotorula spp, which are commonly present in the vaginal mucus microbiota of healthy bitches and their frequency changes with the different stages of the oestrous cycle.

M B Cleff

2007-01-01

110

Pregnancy Complications: Bleeding and Spotting from the Vagina  

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... include nausea, vomiting and intense, continuous abdominal pain. Treatment during pregnancy may include surgery to remove the gallbladder. Gallstones in the third trimester can be managed with ...

111

Didelphic uterus with imperforate unilateral vagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis: Magnetic resonance. Utero didelfo con vagina unilateral imperforada y agenesia renal ipsilateral: resonancia magnetica  

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We present two cases of didelphic uterus with the clinical appearance of a pelvic mass produced by the hematometra-hematocolpos retained by an imperforate unilateral hemivagina. In both cases, this anomaly was accompanied by ipsilateral renal agenesis. We basically review the diagnosis of this disorder, focusing on magnetic resonance as the technique of choice. (Author) 10 refs.

Rodrigo, R.M.; Saez, F.; Astigarraga, E.; Rodriguez, O. (Hospital de Cruces. Servicio de Radiodiagnostico. Baracaldo.Vizcaya (Spain))

1993-01-01

112

Light and electron microscopic studies of anaerobic curved bacteria isolated from the vagina.  

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Twenty strains of anaerobic curved rods isolated from vaginal secretion were studied with light and transmission electron microscopy. Ten of the strains were of a short (approx. 1.5 microns) Gram-variable type, while ten were of a long (approx. 3 microns) Gram-negative type. The former had one to four flagella and the latter between one and eight. The flagella originated from the concave aspect of the cells. Thin sections of both types of bacteria revealed an approximately 30 nm thick cell wall with no outer membrane, similar to that of most Gram-positive bacteria. An electron-dense zone in the middle of the cell wall, atypical of Gram-positive bacteria, was found, however. Amorphous and electron-translucent cytoplasmic inclusions, not membrane-enclosed, were detected. These inclusions stained metachromatically with Albert's stain. PMID:6598923

Skarin, A; Weibull, C; Mårdh, P A

1984-01-01

113

High-dose rate brachytherapy (HDRB) for primary or recurrent cancer in the vagina  

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Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of HDR brachytherapy for primary or recurrent vaginal cancer. Methods Between the years 2000 to 2006, 18 patients with primary or recurrent vaginal cancer were treated with brachytherapy (HDRB). Six patients had primary vaginal cancer (stage II to IVA) while 12 were treated for isolated vaginal recurrence (primary cervix = 4, vulva = 1 and endometrium = 7). Five patients had previous pelvic ...

Kelley Joseph L; Edwards Robert P; Mogus Robert; Heron Dwight E; Beriwal Sushil; Sukumvanich Paniti

2008-01-01

114

Impact of Pregnancy and Vaginal Delivery on the Passive and Active Mechanics of the Rat Vagina  

OpenAIRE

Remodeling of vaginal extracellular matrix and smooth muscle likely plays a critical role in reducing the risk of maternal injury during vaginal delivery by altering the mechanical properties to increase distension and reduce stress. Long-Evans rats were divided into five groups to examine the passive mechanical and active contractile properties throughout pregnancy and postpartum: virgin (n = 17), mid-pregnant (Day 14–16, n = 12), late-pregnant (Day 20–22, n = 14), immediate postpartum (...

Feola, Andrew; Moalli, Pamela; Alperin, Marianna; Duerr, Robbie; Gandley, Robin E.; Bramowitch, Steven

2010-01-01

115

Condylomatous tumours of vulva, vagina, and penis. Relation between histological appearance and age.  

OpenAIRE

Among 237 cases of condyloma diagnosed in Uganda between 1964 and 1975 seven types of lesions were defined. Three of these were found within a wide age range in both young and elderly people, namely, the common (49.4%) and the flat (2.0%) condyloma acuminatum, and condyloma acuminatum of irregular outline (13.5%). Four variants, on the other hand, fell into different age groups. Condyloma acuminatum, showing marked cell death (5.1%) and observed exclusively among girls in the first decade of ...

Schmauz, R.; Owor, R.

1980-01-01

116

Paraganglioma of the vagina: a case report and review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Tao Cai,1 Yucong Li,2 Qingming Jiang,3 Dong Wang,2 Yu Huang2 1Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 2Department of Gynecologic Oncology, 3Department of Pathology, Chongqing Cancer Research Institute, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Vaginal paraganglioma is a rare and unusual tumor occurring in the vaginal wall. It is a solitary primary paraganglioma, especially in atypical sites. Herein, we report an unusual case of a ...

Cai T; Yc, Li; Qm, Jiang; Wang D.; Huang Y.

2014-01-01

117

Laparoscopic management of fallopian tube prolapse masquerading as adenocarcinoma of the vagina in a hysterectomized woman  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Fallopian tube prolapse as a complication of abdominal hysterectomy is a rare occurrence. A case with fallopian tube prolapse was managed by a combined vaginal and laparoscopic approach and description of the operative technique is presented. Case presentation A 39-year-old woman with vaginal prolapse of the fallopian tube after total abdominal hysterectomy presented with an incorrect diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the vaginal apex. The prola...

Kucuk Mustafa

2002-01-01

118

Isolated epithelioid trophoblastic tumor of the vagina: a case report and review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Jing Zhao,1 Yang Xiang,1 Dachun Zhao,2 Tong Ren,1 Fengzhi Feng,1 Xirun Wan1 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2Department of Pathology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China Abstract: An epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a rare trophoblastic tumor originating from chorionic-type intermediate trophoblasts. Vaginal involvement in ETT in the form of isolated lesions has n...

Zhao J; Xiang Y; Zhao D.; Ren T; Feng F; Wan X

2013-01-01

119

Functional significance of muscarinic receptor expression within the proximal and distal rat vagina  

OpenAIRE

Information regarding the role of cholinergic nerves in mediating vaginal smooth muscle contraction is sparse, and in vitro studies of the effects of muscarinic agonists on vaginal smooth muscle are discrepant. The goal of this study was to determine the expression of muscarinic receptors in the vaginal wall of the rat. In addition, we sought to determine the effect of the muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol on contractility and inositol phosphate production of the proximal and distal rat v...

Basha, Maureen; Labelle, Edward F.; Northington, Gina M.; Wang, Tanchun; Wein, Alan J.; Chacko, Samuel

2009-01-01

120

In vitro probiotic properties of Lactobacillus fermentum SK5 isolated from vagina of a healthy woman.  

Science.gov (United States)

A lactobacillus strain isolated from a vaginal tract of a healthy woman was examined in vitro for its probiotic potential. This strain, identified as Lactobacillus fermentum SK5, was able to survive at pH 3-4 and 0.1-0.2% bile, and unaffected by pepsin (3 g l(-1)) and pancreatin (1 g l(-1)), but was susceptible to all tested antibiotics except metronidazole. L. fermentum SK5 had an antimicrobial potential against gastrointestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli and vaginal pathogenic Gardnerella vaginalis. The effective substance was suspected to be a bacteriocin-like compound with a molecular weight of more than 10 kDa, but hydrogen peroxide was also detected. Further studies revealed that L. fermentum SK5 had good autoaggregation characteristic and a high surface hydrophobicity that enhanced its adhesion ability to epithelial cells and for biofilm formation. This lactobacillus showed coaggregation with E. coli and G. vaginalis to affect their adhesion and colonization. The adhesion of L. fermentum SK5 to HeLa, HT-29 and Caco-2 cells and its inhibition of E. coli and G. vaginalis adherence to these cells were demonstrated. These incidences provided evidence of the possible colonization of L. fermentum SK5 that would prevent binding and growth of E. coli and G. vaginalis onto intestinal and vaginal epithelial cells. On the basis of the ability of L. fermentum SK5 to inhibit pathogenic microorganisms through coaggregation and antimicrobial substances, it is likely that this lactobacillus strain could be a potential probiotic candidate for beneficial use in protecting against gastrointestinal and vaginal microbial infections. PMID:23624069

Kaewnopparat, Sanae; Dangmanee, Nattakan; Kaewnopparat, Nattha; Srichana, Teerapol; Chulasiri, Malyn; Settharaksa, Sukanya

2013-08-01

121

Primary invasive cancer of the vagina: outcome and complications of therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of the present study was to review the characteristics of cases of vaginal cancer, results of treatment and complications occurring at Westmead Hospital over the period 1979-96. International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status had been recorded prospectively, while other information was obtained retrospectively, including complications using the Franco-Italian Glossary. There were 37 eligible patients, 34 of whom were treated radically. Five-year survival for stage I was 90%, for stage 11 it was 50%, and for stage III it was 40%. There was only one stage-V patient. The majority of patients who relapsed did so locally (63%). Using the Franco-Italian Glossary 10.8% of patients had, at worst, G0 toxicity, 21.6% had G1 toxicity, 29.7% had G2 toxicity, 37.8% had G3 toxicity, and no patients had G4 toxicity. Seven patients (18.9%) had a laparotomy for a complication of therapy. Excluding the three palliative patients and controlling for disease stage, it was found that there was a trend to improved survival in patients who had brachytherapy and those who suffered worse complications. While results for treatment of early stage vaginal cancer appear good, new techniques, particularly those that improve local control, are required for higher stage disease. Copyright (1999) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

122

Letale Komplikation eines Kolon-Kontrasteinlaufs durch Fehllage des Einlaufschlauchs in der Vagina  

OpenAIRE

Bei einer 68 Jahre alten Frau sollte wegen rezidivierender krampfartiger Unterbauchbeschwerden eine Kolon-Kontrastdarstellung durchgeführt werden. In der Anfangsphase der Untersuchung sah der verantwortliche Radiologe bei der Durchleuchtungskontrolle einen Kontrastmittelstopp im Bereich des eingeführten Schlauchendes. Unter der Annahme eines Passagehindernisses erhöhte er den Kontrastmittel-Einlaufdruck. Daraufhin kam es plötzlich zu einem therapieresistenten Schock, und die Patientin sta...

Haffner, H. Th; Graw, Matthias

1993-01-01

123

Laparoscopic management of fallopian tube prolapse masquerading as adenocarcinoma of the vagina in a hysterectomized woman  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fallopian tube prolapse as a complication of abdominal hysterectomy is a rare occurrence. A case with fallopian tube prolapse was managed by a combined vaginal and laparoscopic approach and description of the operative technique is presented. Case presentation A 39-year-old woman with vaginal prolapse of the fallopian tube after total abdominal hysterectomy presented with an incorrect diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the vaginal apex. The prolapsed tube and cystic ovary were removed by vaginal and laparoscopic approach. The postoperative course went well. Conclusions Early or late fallopian tube prolapse can occur after total abdominal hysterectomy and vaginal hysterectomy. Symptoms consist of persistent blood loss or leukorrhea, dyspareunia and chronic pelvic pain. Vaginal removal of prolapsed tube with laparoscopic surgery may be a suitable treatment. The abdominal or vaginal approach used in surgical correction of prolapsed tubes must be decided in each case according to the patient's individual characteristics.

Kucuk Mustafa

2002-01-01

124

A comparison of yield from cervix versus vagina for culturing Candida albicans and Trichomonas vaginalis.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE--To determine the agreement of culture results of Candida albicans and Trichomonas vaginalis from the cervix versus posterior fornix in women with vaginal symptoms. DESIGN--Same patient comparison of culture results from two sample sites. SETTING--Twenty one general practices in Amsterdam and the east of the Netherlands. SUBJECTS--Six hundred and eighty two women aged 15 to 55 years with vaginal symptoms, seen between 1 October 1987 and 31 May 1990. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--For each s...

Boeke, A. J.; Dekker, J. H.; Peerbooms, P. G.

1993-01-01

125

Cistectomía radical laparoscópica con extracción de pieza por vagina: Caso clínico / Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with vaginal specimen extraction: Case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Presentar la utilidad de una técnica minimamente invasiva como herramienta terapéutica en el tratamiento de un paciente de edad avanzada portador de cáncer de vejiga musculoinvasor. Método: Paciente femenina de 78 años con cáncer de vejiga avanzado que debuta con hematuria. Se realiza cist [...] ectomía radical con linfadenectomía pelviana por vía laparoscópica con extracción de pieza quirúrgica por vía vaginal. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio fue de 240 minutos con un sangrado de 200 ml y una estadía hospitalaria de 8 días. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y tras un seguimiento de 6 meses se encuentra sin evidencia de recidiva tumoral. Conclusión: El bajo impacto quirúrgico permite que este abordaje pueda ser utilizado en casos seleccionados para evitar la severa morbilidad indefectiblemente asociada a la progresión local del cáncer de vejiga avanzado. Abstract in english Objective: To report a case of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with vaginal extraction of the surgical specimen in an elderly patient with muscle invasive bladder tumor. Method: A 78 year old patient with history of hematuria was diagnosed of muscle invasive bladder cancer [...] . Lapa-roscopic radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with vaginal extraction of the surgical specimen was performed without incident. Results: Operative time was 240 minutes, surgical bleeding was 200 ml and hospital stay 8 days. The patient evolved uneventfully and remains disease free after 9 months of follow-up. Conclusion: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy provides adequate oncologic results with decreased morbidity, making this surgery an attractive alternative for the management of patients in a delicate condition.

Gonzalo, Vitagliano; Nicolas, Villasante; Juan, Paterlini; Carlos, Ameri; Osvaldo, Mazza.

2009-05-01

126

Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Fibulin-5 Knockout Mice : Pregnancy-Induced Changes in Elastic Fiber Homeostasis in Mouse Vagina  

OpenAIRE

Pelvic organ prolapse is strongly associated with a history of vaginal delivery. The mechanisms by which pregnancy and parturition lead to failure of pelvic organ support, however, are not known. Recently, it was reported that mice with null mutations in lysyl oxidase-like 1 (LOXL1) develop pelvic organ prolapse. Elastin is a substrate for lysyl oxidase (LOX) and LOXL1, and LOXL1 interacts with fibulin-5 (FBLN5). Therefore, to clarify the potential role of elastic fiber assembly in the pathog...

Drewes, Peter G.; Yanagisawa, Hiromi; Starcher, Barry; Hornstra, Ian; Csiszar, Katalin; Marinis, Spyridon I.; Keller, Patrick; Word, R. Ann

2007-01-01

127

Sodium Tetradecyl Sulphate Direct Intralesional Sclerotherapy of Venous Malformations of the Vulva and Vagina: Report of Five Cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report five cases of female patients affected by symptomatic focal external genital venous malformations treated with percutaneous direct intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STS). All patients were referred because of discomfort and pain when sexual intercourse was attempted. Direct sclerotherapy with 3% STS was performed on a day-hospital basis with the patient under local anesthesia. Complete resolution of the symptoms was achieved in all cases. No major adverse effects were reported. Direct intralesional sclerotherapy with STS may be considered a safe and effective method for the treatment of female external genital malformation without the necessity of general anesthesia for pain control.

128

Role of HOXA7 to HOXA13 and PBX1 genes in various forms of MRKH syndrome (congenital absence of uterus and vagina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH syndrome refers to the congenital absence or severe hypoplasia of the female genital tract, often described as uterovaginal aplasia which is the prime feature of the syndrome. It is the second cause of primary amenorrhea after gonadal dysgenesis and occurs in ~1 in 4500 women. Aetiology of this syndrome remains poorly understood. Frequent association of other malformations with the MRKH syndrome, involving kidneys, skeleton and ears, suggests the involvement of major developmental genes such as those of the HOX family. Indeed mammalian HOX genes are well known for their crucial role during embryogenesis, particularly in axial skeleton, hindbrain and limb development. More recently, their involvement in organogenesis has been demonstrated notably during urogenital differentiation. Although null mutations of HOX genes in animal models do not lead to MRKH-like phenotypes, dominant mutations in their coding sequences or aberrant expression due to mutated regulatory regions could well account for it. Sequence analysis of coding regions of HOX candidate genes and of PBX1, a likely HOX cofactor during Müllerian duct differentiation and kidney morphogenesis, did not reveal any mutation in patients showing various forms of MRKH syndrome. This tends to show that HOX genes are not involved in MRKH syndrome. However it does not exclude that other mechanisms leading to HOX dysfunction may account for the syndrome.

Pellerin Isabelle

2006-03-01

129

Carcinoma epidermoide no queratinizante de células grandes y pequeñas en vagina Large and small cells non-keratinizing epidermoid vaginal carcinoma  

OpenAIRE

Se presentan 5 casos clínicos de pacientes atendidas en la consulta de patología de cuello del Hospital Provincial Ginecoobstétrico "Mariana Grajales Coello" de Santiago de Cuba por presentar sangrado vaginal, dolor en bajo vientre, leucorrea y lesiones vaginales. El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de carcinoma de células escamosas o epidermoide.Five case reports of patients who were assisted at the cervix Pathology Department from "Mariana Grajales Coello" Provin...

Ofelia Masó Anaya; María Elena Morales Larramendi; Dolores Díaz Pérez; Esperanza Dager Dager; Gloria Adelaida Bolaños Diego

2012-01-01

130

Species identification of members of the Streptococcus milleri group isolated from the vagina by ID 32 Strep system and differential phenotypic characteristics.  

OpenAIRE

The importance of bacterial vaginosis as a risk factor in obstetric and gynecological infections has recently been recognized. The bacterial vaginosis group of organisms includes members of the Streptococcus milleri group, the identification of which has caused much confusion. We prospectively surveyed the rates of carriage of S. milleri group organisms in 397 high vaginal swabs received in our laboratory. For the identification of 99 clinical isolates and 23 control strains, we compared the ...

Ahmet, Z.; Warren, M.; Houang, E. T.

1995-01-01

131

Role of HOXA7 to HOXA13 and PBX1 genes in various forms of MRKH syndrome (congenital absence of uterus and vagina)  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome refers to the congenital absence or severe hypoplasia of the female genital tract, often described as uterovaginal aplasia which is the prime feature of the syndrome. It is the second cause of primary amenorrhea after gonadal dysgenesis and occurs in ~1 in 4500 women. Aetiology of this syndrome remains poorly understood. Frequent association of other malformations with the MRKH syndrome, involving kidneys, skeleton and ear...

Pellerin Isabelle; Knebelmann Bertrand; Tiker Filiz; Odent Sylvie; Mouchel Thomas; Burel Agnès; Guerrier Daniel

2006-01-01

132

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE REACTIVITY IN THE VAGINA AND UTEROVAGINAL JUNCTION SPERM-STORAGE TUBULES OF TURKEYS IN EGG PRODUCTION: IMPLICATIONS FOR SPERM STORAGE  

Science.gov (United States)

Currently there remains contradictory information on the localization and possible role of alkaline phosphatase (AP) in the chicken and Japanese quail oviducts. Using turkeys with a hard-shelled egg in their uteri, vaginal and uterovaginal junction mucosae were stretched and fixed as whole mounts ...

133

Endodermal sinus tumor of vagina posing a diagnostic challenge and managed by chemotherapy and novel posterior sagittal surgical approach: lessons learned.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vaginal germ cell tumor (GCT) is a rare gynecological malignancy with no more than 100 reported cases in the international medical literature. It is an unusual, but an important, cause of premenarchal vaginal bleeding in a child. This article describes a 2-year-old child with vaginal GCT, initially misdiagnosed as rhabdomyosarcoma (on imprint smear cytology) and then as clear cell adenocarcinoma. The authors highlight the salient differentiating clinical, radiological and histological features to prevent misdiagnosis in future. The report emphasizes the need for increased awareness and screening for vaginal GCT by estimation of serum ?-fetoprotein levels, in all patients with premenarchal vaginal bleeds, to prevent inadvertent operative interventions. PMID:24118204

Goyal, Surbhi; Puri, Archana; Mishra, Kiran; Aggarwal, Satish Kumar; Kumar, Manisha; Sonaker, Pitamber

2014-02-01

134

Vaginal itching and discharge - child  

Science.gov (United States)

... redness, and swelling of the skin of the vagina and the surrounding area ( vulva ) is a common ... softeners, creams, ointments, and sprays may irritate the vagina or the skin around the vagina. Vaginal yeast ...

135

Treatment Option Overview (Vaginal Cancer)  

Science.gov (United States)

... in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the vagina. The vagina is the canal leading from the ... Pain when urinating . Constipation . Tests that examine the vagina and other organs in the pelvis are used ...

136

Caracterización de la microbiota levaduriforme residente en la vagina de perras en diferentes fases del ciclo estral Characterization of vaginal microbiotic yeasts of bitches in distinct stages of the oestrous cycle  

OpenAIRE

Hongos levaduriformes son aislados frecuentemente de los animales domésticos y silvestres, siendo algunos comensales del tegumento y mucosas. Las levaduras son frecuentes en la mucosa vaginal de las mujeres, pero en perras son escasos los estudios referentes a la microbiota fúngica vaginal, sin conocerse su relación con el ciclo reproductivo. En este estudio se buscó aislar e identificar levaduras de la microbiota vaginal de perras, y establecer si hay alteración de la microbiota levadur...

Cleff, M. B.; Xavier, M. O.; Martins, A. A.; Santin, R.; Meireles, M. C. A.

2007-01-01

137

First two cases of primary carcinoma of the vagina successfully treated with concurrent weekly carboplatin plus paclitaxel, external beam radiotherapy and high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy: A case report and published work review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vaginal carcinoma is rare, accounting for only 2% of all gynecological malignancies. Due to a lack of prospective randomized studies, the role of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of primary vaginal carcinoma remains unclear. We report the first two cases of primary vaginal carcinoma successfully treated with a regimen involving concurrent weekly carboplatin plus paclitaxel, external beam radiotherapy and high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy. These cases strongly indicate that definitive chemoradiation involving carboplatin plus paclitaxel may be a reasonable treatment for primary vaginal carcinoma. PMID:25227150

Mabuchi, Seiji; Kawano, Mahiru; Isohashi, Fumiaki; Kuroda, Hiromasa; Sasano, Tomoyuki; Kimura, Tadashi

2015-01-01

138

General Information about Urethral Cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

... remove the urethra, the bladder, and the vagina . Plastic surgery may be done to rebuild the vagina. Partial ... penis surrounding the urethra where cancer has spread. Plastic surgery may be done to rebuild the penis. Radical ...

139

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Oncology Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... identify the junction between the cervix and the upper vagina. And I'm trying to -- sometimes it's ... guide dissection to separate the cervix from the upper vagina. And it has an attachment to the ...

140

Endometriosis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... better and review some treatment options. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • the vagina • the uterus • the Fallopian tubes • the ovaries The female reproductive ...

141

Colposcopy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... indications, and possible risks and complications. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • the vagina • the uterus • the Fallopian tubes • the ovaries The female reproductive ...

142

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... open, revealing the opening to the vagina. The uterus enlarges and rises upward into the abdomen. Also ... contractions of the pelvic floor, the vagina, and uterus. After orgasm, this process may be repeated or ...

143

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... ovarian cancer is detected and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • The vagina • The uterus • The Fallopian tubes • The ovaries. The female reproductive ...

144

Ovarian Cysts  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... they may be diagnosed and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • the ovaries • the Fallopian tubes • the uterus • the vagina The female reproductive organs are located ...

145

Dilation and Curettage  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... can be treated or diagnosed with it. Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries Anatomy The female reproductive organs include: • the vagina • the uterus • the fallopian tubes • the ovaries The female reproductive ...

146

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Anatomy The female reproductive organs include the: • vagina • uterus • fallopian tubes • ovaries The female reproductive organs are ... between the urinary bladder and the rectum. Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The ovaries are glands, with ...

147

Pap Smear  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and why it is beneficial. Ovaries Fallopian Tubes Uterus Vagina Anatomy This document is for informational purposes ... The female reproductive organs include: • The vagina • The uterus • The Fallopian tubes • The ovaries These organs are ...

148

Crohn's Disease  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... affected area into surrounding tissues such as the bladder, vagina, or skin. These tunnels, called fistulae, often ... be a connection between the intestines and the bladder, or the intestines and the vagina or the ...

149

Surgical Tutorial of a Robotic-Assisted Anterior Pelvic Exenteration  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... anterior vagina and it invading into the posterior bladder. To make matters a little more complicated, she ... is not involved, we would surgically remove the bladder, the anterior part of the vagina, the cervix ...

150

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... white coating on the mucous membranes of the mouth, tongue, esophagus or vagina. Cryptococcal meningitis causes inflammation ... the lining of the vagina, penis, rectum or mouth. Another common way of getting HIV is by ...

151

Bacterial vaginosis - aftercare  

Science.gov (United States)

... BV) is a type of vaginal infection. The vagina normally contains both healthy bacteria and unhealthy bacteria. ... when you urinate Itching inside and outside the vagina You also may not have any symptoms.

152

Ovarian Cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

Vagina Fallopian Tubes Ovaries Uterus Cervix Vulva OvarianCancer Get the Facts About Gynecologic Cancer There are five ... you are past menopause) or discharge from your vagina that is not normal for you. • Pain or ...

153

Your First Period  

Science.gov (United States)

... and flows out of the body through your vagina . The discharge of blood and tissue from the ... contains and nourishes the developing fetus during pregnancy. Vagina: A tube-like structure surrounded by muscles leading ...

154

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... detected and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • The vagina • The uterus • The Fallopian tubes • The ovaries. The female reproductive organs are located in the ...

155

Condom  

Science.gov (United States)

... this happens, sperm could enter the vagina. Female Condom The female condom is inserted into the vagina ... to slip during intercourse, making them ineffective. Continue Condom Precautions Once a condom is used, it cannot ...

156

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... opened up the rectovaginal space and dissected the rectum off of the posterior vagina. We placed an ... in the vagina as well as in the rectum to identify the space in between the two ...

157

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Oncology Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... it slides through, make sure you have our Foley balloon in to maintain our pneumo. 00:37: ... the vagina. And she's going to place a Foley balloon now in the vagina, because we're ...

158

Serotonin Localization in the Turkey Vaginal but not Sperm Storage Tubule Epithelia  

Science.gov (United States)

Our knowledge regarding the mechanism of sperm selection and transport in the hen’s vagina is meager. Preliminary observations indicate the presence of non-neuron endocrine cells in the epithelia lining the lumina of the turkey hen vagina and uterovaginal junction. While no cells in the vagina or U...

159

21 CFR 884.4520 - Obstetric-gynecologic general manual instrument.  

Science.gov (United States)

...expose and illuminate the interior of the vagina. (3) A metal vaginal speculum is...instrument used to expose the interior of the vagina. (4) An umbilical scissors is a...introduce dressing into the uterus or vagina. (7) A vaginal applicator is an...

2010-04-01

160

Colpopéxia transcoccígea con malla de polipropileno con orificios facilitadores de la integración en la corrección del prolapso de la pared posterior de la vagina: resultados anatómicos y funcionales / Transcoccigeal colpopexy with polyprolylene mesh with helper orifices for the treatment of posterior vaginal wall prolapse: anatomical and functional results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: La creación de neoligamentos útero- sacros, según lo descripto por Petros, con el uso de malla sintética de polipropileno permite la corrección anatómica del prolapso posterior en los tres niveles propuestos por DeLancey. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados anatómicos y f [...] uncionales de este método en la corrección del POP posterior. Pacientes y método: Desde diciembre del 2004 a marzo del 2007, 34 mujeres con edad media de 63 años fueron sometidas al procedimiento, siendo rectoceles grado III o mayores. El seguimento mínimo fué de 13 meses. Los puntos de fijación fueron el músculo íleococcígeo y el ligamento sacroespinoso. Técnica: Luego de la incisión de la mucosa de la pared vaginal posterior, la fosa ísquio-rectal es disecada. Dos pequeñas incisiones son hechas 3 cm lateral y 3 cm inferior al ano. La aguja se inserta verticalmente en dirección a la espina isquiática, guiado por el dedo indicador del cirujano hasta el ligamento sacroespinoso, 2 cm medialmente, evitando a lesión del canal de Alcock. Los brazos de la malla son conectados a la punta de la aguja, traccionando posteriormente de las agujas. No se realiza la correción sitio específica. El exceso de malla es recortado y esta se fija próxima al cuerpo perineal, quedando de esa forma extendida sobre la pared vaginal posterior. La mucosa vaginal se cierra en forma habitual. Resultados: Con el 94,7% de cura y recurrencia del 5,3%, no hubo lesión nerviosa, visceral o vascular. Cinco (14,7%) pacientes tuvieron exposición de la malla de menos de 1 cm² y fueron tratadas conservadoramente sin impacto en los resultados. Dos de las 17 sexualmente activas (11,8%) presentaron dispareunia transitoria, siendo prolongada en 1 solo caso (5,9%) Conclusión: Este procedimiento mínimamente invasivo es una alternativa atractiva para la reconstrucción anatómica y funcional de los defectos posteriores y apicales. Abstract in english Objective: The creation of neo utero-sacral neoligaments, decribed by Petros, evolved into a new procedure allowing for the anatomical reconstruction of the three levels proposed by DeLancey. The aim of this study is evaluate the anatomical and functional outcomes of this minimally invasive procedur [...] e. Patients and method: From December 2004 to March 2007, a total of 34 patients with posterior defect grade III or higher underwent this procedure. The minimum follow up was 13 months Mean age was 63 years. The site of fixation was the Sacrospinous ligament. Surgical technique: The ischiorectal fossa is dissected. Next two small skin incisions are made 3 cm lateral and inferior to the center of the anus. A proper needle is introduced, vertically towards the sacrospinal ligament at the level of the ischial spine, guided by the surgeon index finger, 2 cm medially avoiding the Alcok canal. The armpit of the mesh is connected to the tip of the needle and brought to the perineal region. No site specific correction is made. Results: The cure rate was 94,7% and recurrence rate was 5,3%. No visceral, nerurovascular injuries were observed. The mesh exposure rate (less than 1 cm²) was (14.7%) and all patients were treated conservatively with no impact on the outcome. There were transient dyspareunia in 2 (11.8%) of the 17 sexually active patient and persistent in 1 case (5.9%). Conclusions: This procedure is an attractive minimally invasive alternative for the anatomical and functional reconstruction of the posterior and apical defects.

Vitor, Pagotto; Paulo, Palma; Cassio, Riccetto; Miguel, Bigozzi.

2009-04-01

161

Labial flap vaginoplasty with sacrospinous fixation  

OpenAIRE

We present a case of congenital absence of Vagina which was treated by reconstruction of the vagina using vascular labial flaps. Furthermore, we anchored the neo-vagina to the Sacro-spinous ligament on either side. The aim of the attachment to the sacro-spinous ligament is to provide a durable apical support and to give an immediate, good vaginal length. Various techniques have been described for the construction of Neo-vagina. Except for sigmoid vaginoplasty, most other procedures are associ...

Chandrashekar Murthy; Kiran Ashok; Susheel Kumar Kalal

2010-01-01

162

Hysterectomy - vaginal - discharge  

Science.gov (United States)

Vaginal hysterectomy - discharge; Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy - discharge; LAVH - discharge ... you are unable to urinate. You have a discharge from your vagina that has a bad odor. ...

163

Primary Gonorrhea Infection  

Science.gov (United States)

... or bloody discharge from the penis, vagina, or rectum; or pain with sexual intercourse. Throat infection may present a ... is a discharge from the vagina, penis, or rectum. There is burning or pain during urination or defecation. You are concerned or ...

164

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the pre-pubertal development of the reproductive tract in beef heifers.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study the development of the reproductive tract in heifers, the ovaries, uterus, cervix and vagina were examined by transrectal ultrasonography every 2 weeks, from 2 to 60 weeks after birth. First ovulation occurred at 63.7 +/- 1.1 weeks of age. Ovarian dimensions increased rapidly from 2 to 14 weeks of age, and increased again after 34 weeks of age (P or =3 mm in diameter tended to increase from 6 to 14 weeks of age (Puterus and vagina decreased initially (uterus: 4-8 weeks and vagina: 6-22 weeks of age) and then increased (uterus: 14-42 weeks and vagina: 22-32 weeks of age; Puterus, cervix and vagina (P or =3 mm in diameter) numbers and size. Ultrasonographic image analysis revealed patterns of numerical pixel values and heterogeneity that may be useful in determining important stages of growth and differentiation of the reproductive system. PMID:15036512

Honaramooz, Ali; Aravindakshan, Jayaprakash; Chandolia, Ramesh K; Beard, Andrew P; Bartlewski, Pawel M; Pierson, Roger A; Rawlings, Norman C

2004-01-01

165

Vaginoplasty with a Pudendal-Thigh Flap in Intersexuals  

OpenAIRE

We treated 2 different types of intersexual patients who underwent a vaginoplasty with the pudendal-thigh flap. One was a female with testicular feminization syndrome for whom we reconstructed the total vagina with a pudendal-thigh flap, and the other was a female with an adrenogenital syndrome for whom we enlarged the introitus of the vagina with the same approach. There were no complications such as a flap necrosis. In addition, there was no stricture of the neo-vagina and no urinary pro...

Nakatsuka, Mikiya; Kimata, Yoshihiro; Hasegawa, Kenjiro; Yamashita, Shuji; Sugiyama, Narushi; Namba, Yuzaburo

2008-01-01

166

Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... in front of the vagina and uterus. The kidneys drain the urine into the bladder through 2 ... is very rare for the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder, as well as the bladder ...

167

Endometriosis  

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Full Text Available ... in front of the vagina and uterus. The kidneys drain urine into the bladder through 2 tubes ... sure that other diseases, such as infections or kidney problems, are not the reason for the symptoms. ...

168

Ovarian Cancer  

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Full Text Available ... in front of the vagina and uterus. The kidneys drain the urine into the bladder through 2 ... controls, causing an abnormal growth called a tumor. Kidney Bladder Urethra Ureter If the tumor does not ...

169

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... vagina as well as in the rectum to identify the space in between the two so we ... to use 5 mm traditional laparoscopic instruments. We identify the key anatomic structures -- in this case, the ...

170

Ovarian Cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

... understand how ovarian cancer is detected and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... ovarian cancer. Patients who have a strong family history of breast, colon and/or ovarian cancer need ...

171

Ovarian Cysts  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and how they may be diagnosed and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... sign of polycystic ovaries. Diagnosis A detailed medical history and a thorough pelvic examination are essential in ...

172

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... understand how ovarian cancer is detected and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... ovarian cancer. Patients who have a strong family history of breast, colon and/or ovarian cancer need ...

173

Endometriosis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... understand endometriosis better and review some treatment options. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... endometriosis, the gynecologist must take a very detailed history of symptoms. He or she will need to ...

174

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... you can do to cope with them. Irregular Periods One of the first signs of menopause is ... Vagina Body tissue in the genital area becomes dry and thin as estrogen levels change. Sexual intercourse ...

175

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Oncology Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... deliver that through the vagina without too much difficulty. The uterus is kind of big -- and it's ... in a certain position when we had some difficulty holding it in position. Okay. 00:37:24 ...

176

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... just irrigate a little bit -- or just suction, no irrigation. Thanks. 00:04:40 What we're ... in there, I mean this is -- there was no mesh attached to the -- to the vagina at ...

177

Metronidazole Oral  

Science.gov (United States)

Metronidazole eliminates bacteria and other microorganisms that cause infections of the reproductive system, gastrointestinal tract, skin, vagina, ... Metronidazole comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken two or three times ...

178

Uterine Fibroids  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... of the vagina and uterus. The kidneys drain urine into the bladder through two tubes called ureters . ... well to this treatment. Doctors called interventional radiologists perform UFE. Ultrasound The best candidates for UFE are ...

179

Labor and Birth  

Science.gov (United States)

... that epidural increases risk of assisted vaginal delivery. Pudendal block – A doctor injects numbing medicine into the vagina and the nearby pudendal nerve. This nerve carries sensation to the lower ...

180

Pap Smear  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and the rectum. The ovaries have 2 main functions: 1. The production of specialized hormones, such as ... insert a speculum. A speculum is a specialized instrument that keeps the vagina open so that a ...

181

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is ... or the body may return to its unexcited state, called resolution. There are also physical changes during ...

182

Masturbation  

Science.gov (United States)

... their vagina.” ) To avoid embarrassing your teen, feign ignorance of his or her habits: “I don’t ... Your Child’s Prescription for the Best Experience Home Strength Training for Young Athletes Pediatric First Aid for ...

183

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... painless bumps in the vaginal area, on the penis, or around the anus. If untreated, the warts ... of gonorrhea are: • Discharge from the vagina or penis • Painful or difficult urination The most common and ...

184

Epispadias  

Science.gov (United States)

... a congenital condition called epispadias can produce a penis or vagina that not only performs inefficiently, but ... a small dimple on the tip of the penis above the normal opening or with girls, it ...

185

General Information about Gestational Trophoblastic Disease  

Science.gov (United States)

... inserted into the vagina to make the sonogram. Lumbar puncture : A procedure used to collect cerebrospinal fluid ( ... the abdomen , the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken ...

186

Masturbation  

Science.gov (United States)

... the penis or clitoris until this triggers an orgasm. Some women also masturbate by stimulating the vagina. ... psychiatric illness, severe mental retardation or dementia (a brain illness that affects higher mental functions, including judgment). ...

187

Expanding Patient Options: Minilaparotomy for Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... using the Impact LigaSure, but, again, you have full visualization of the vagina. There have been a ... blood loss, and I don’t need to close cirrhosa, because eventually I will take out the ...

188

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from ...

189

If I Had - Bowel Control Issues  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the anal sphincter. Some patients are left after childbirth with an opening, called a fistula, between the bowel and the vagina, which means that the continence mechanism cannot protect against leakage. There are many kinds ...

190

Surgical Tutorial of a Robotic-Assisted Anterior Pelvic Exenteration  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the rectum is not involved, we would surgically remove the bladder, the anterior part of the vagina, ... to be in order. We're going to remove the robotic instruments and undock and finish the ...

191

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... uterus is the vagina, which will come up later. And then, we are going to have the ... We’ll collect that and deal with that later. Again, we are going to do a hysterectomy ...

192

Uterine Fibroids  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine to visualize patient anatomy, map the volume of fibroid tissue to be ...

193

Robot-Assisted Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... I didn’t go far enough – oh, I did go far enough over, good. So again, we’ ... vagina. They’re essentially still attached because we did this in an interfacial fashion. What I’m ...

194

Metronidazole Topical  

Science.gov (United States)

... doctor for advice on what cosmetics to use.Metronidazole gel for the vagina comes with a special applicator. ... and to wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Metronidazole may make your skin sensitive to sunlight.

195

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... uterus. The kidneys drain the urine into the bladder through 2 tubes called ureters. The intestines and rectum are located above and behind the vagina and uterus. Cancer and its Causes The body is made up ...

196

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... of osteoporosis. Milk and dairy products, such as cheese and butter, are a good source of calcium ... Vagina Body tissue in the genital area becomes dry and thin as estrogen levels change. Sexual intercourse ...

197

Syphilis  

Science.gov (United States)

... able to move certain parts of your body), numbness, blindness, and dementia (mental disorder). In the late ... the vagina, anus, under the foreskin of the penis, or in the mouth, it may not be ...

198

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Oncology Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... difficult to work on because everything is all compressed. So weight itself can be misleading. I'd ... the vagina, because we're going to lose air and we're going to lose our visibility ...

199

21 CFR 884.4520 - Obstetric-gynecologic general manual instrument.  

Science.gov (United States)

...separating the edges of the vagina and holding back the tissue. (9) A gynecological fibroid hook is an instrument used to exert traction upon a fibroid. (10) A pelvimeter (external) is an instrument used to measure the external...

2010-04-01

200

What is a Urogynecologist?  

Science.gov (United States)

... by a urogynecologist include urinary incontinence or leakage, pelvic organ prolapse (dropping of the vagina, uterus, cystocele, rectocele), and ... commonly treat include urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, and pelvic organ prolapse. These physicians are also knowledgeable on the latest ...

201

21 CFR 884.3575 - Vaginal pessary.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Identification. A vaginal pessary is a removable structure placed in the vagina to support the pelvic organs and is used to treat conditions such as uterine prolapse (falling down of uterus), uterine retroposition (backward displacement), or...

2010-04-01

202

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the vagina to the sacrum using a polypropylene mesh. Dr. Jennifer Wu, Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and ... was very clear that she had not had mesh. However, when we got in we found that ...

203

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Dr. Visco, I think you made an excellent point initially in that usually it's very rare for ... For her, her POP-Q, each of the points represents a particular part in the vagina. We ...

204

Ovarian Cysts  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and how they may be diagnosed and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive ... its own. Women who tend to form frequent functional cysts may be put on birth control pills. ...

205

C-Section  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 1. The vagina 2. The cervix 3. The uterus 4. The Fallopian tubes 5. The ovaries When ... egg goes down the Fallopian tube to the uterus. It can become fertilized along the way. If ...

206

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 1. The vagina 2. The cervix 3. The uterus 4. The Fallopian tubes 5. The ovaries When ... egg goes down the Fallopian tube to the uterus. It may become fertilized along the way. If ...

207

Uterine Fibroids  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Introduction Fibroids are common, benign tumors of the uterus. They can cause significant pain, as well as ... causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Anatomy Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The female reproductive organs include: • ...

208

Surgical Tutorial of a Robotic-Assisted Anterior Pelvic Exenteration  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... my instance, I went to a very high-volume training center where I observed over 500 cases, ... end of the pelvis, remove the uterus, tubes, ovaries, surrounding issues, the majority of the anterior vagina ...

209

Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... The middle muscular layer of the uterus is responsible for labor contractions resulting in the baby’s birth. ... a or the rectum and the vagina may form because of the scarring. These are respectively known ...

210

Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... incision in the vagina will be a full circle, and it will remove the cervix and the ... by email is, "How long is the recovery time compared to the traditional procedure?" And the traditional ...

211

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... able to get really good tissue dissection and planes, and I think the blood loss is pretty ... posterior vagina and were able to get a plane. The bladder had been adherent over the apex ...

212

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The exam includes a thorough check of the ... for various microorganisms. Women will have a pelvic examination. Swabs from inside the vagina and the cervix ...

213

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... causes a thick, white coating on the mucous membranes of the mouth, tongue, esophagus or vagina. Cryptococcal meningitis causes inflammation of the membranes and fluid around the brain and spinal cord. ...

214

Barrier Methods of Contraception  

Science.gov (United States)

... vagina. If you have further questions, contact your obstetrician–gynecologist. FAQ022: Designed as an aid to patients, ... Copyright July 2014 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

215

Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the Koh ring. This Koh ring diffuses the heat so there is no worry about cautery damage to the vagina. There isn’t significant heat within the vaginal tissues, so again, this is ...

216

Dyspareunia: Painful Sex for Women  

Science.gov (United States)

... part of the genitals can cause pain during sex. Some conditions affect the skin around the vagina. ... types of birth control) does not fit correctly, sex may also be painful. Vaginismus (say: "vag-in- ...

217

Crohn's Disease  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... surrounding tissues such as the bladder, vagina, or skin. These tunnels, called fistulae, often become infected. Usually ... Other problems associated with Crohn's Disease include: • arthritis • skin problems such as rashes and sores • inflammation in ...

218

Endometriosis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... can grow into other organs including the intestines, bladder, vagina and ureters, which are the tubes from the kidney to the bladder. Although it’s rare, endometriosis can be found outside ...

219

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... that is, no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is ... fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by ...

220

Sexual Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

... that is, no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is ... fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by ...

221

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Plain.com] og250105 Last reviewed: 03/12/2012 1 Anatomy The female reproductive organs include the: • vagina • ... The ovaries are glands, with 2 main functions. 1. The production of specialized hormones, such as estrogen ...

222

Ambiguous genitalia  

Science.gov (United States)

... well as a uterus, vagina, and fallopian tubes. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia . This condition has several forms, but the most ... trouble breathing These can all be signs of congenital adrenal hyperplasia . Ambiguous genitalia may be discovered during the first ...

223

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... spread via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are ... penis • Around or in the vagina • Near the mouth • Near the anus, or • On the hands If ...

224

Colposcopy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... gynecologist inserts a speculum into the vagina to hold it open during the procedure. This is not ... tampons Risks & Complications A colposcopy is a very safe procedure. However, like other procedures, it has some ...

225

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... or reattaching the vagina to the bladder, or am I completely off target?" And I think sometimes ... in the right hand. Yes. I use an AMS Y-mesh. I've already trimmed that. If ...

226

Fibroid Tumors  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... severe pain. Large uterine fibroids, or those which push on the bowel, the vagina, or pelvic wall ... the fibroids are in the uterine cavity or push on the fallopian tubes, they can affect a ...

227

40 CFR 79.63 - Fertility assessment/teratology.  

Science.gov (United States)

...to a thorough macroscopic examination...information: (i) Gross necropsy. ...abnormalities or pathological changes which... (B) All gross lesions in all study animals...examination: all gross lesions; vagina;...

2010-07-01

228

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... And you'll see that I think the tension on the anterior and posterior vagina are going ... appreciate. Now, the whole question is how much tension or should we put any tension on this ...

229

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... could deviate the vagina anteriorly up towards the synthesis. Thanks very much. And I'm just going ... traditional laparoscopic instruments. We identify the key anatomic structures -- in this case, the ureter, the iliac vessels, ...

230

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... In fact, heart disease kills more women than lung or breast cancer. The following tips will help ... heart attacks, strokes and blood clots in the lungs and legs. The Vagina Body tissue in the ...

231

Review of Vaginitis  

OpenAIRE

Adisruption of the dynamic equilibrium of the healthy vagina may have significant sequelae, leading to chronic or serious conditions. Therefore, all cases of vaginitis should be accurately diagnosed and appropriately treated.

Faro, Sebastian

1993-01-01

232

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cause an abnormal genital discharge and burning during urination. If chlamydia goes untreated in women, it may ... from the vagina or penis • Painful or difficult urination The most common and serious complications of gonorrhea ...

233

Coping with Common Period Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

... the changes in hormone levels. There are other theories as well. For example, some believe that what ... heavy bleeding include thyroid conditions, bleeding disorders, or inflammation or infections in the vagina or cervix. To ...

234

Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a little bit of bleeding on the vaginal cuff from the uterine artery pedicle that we had ... through the vagina, will then close her vaginal cuff, irrigate, and be finished. So we have roughly ...

235

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)  

Science.gov (United States)

... CRP) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) WBC count Other tests include: A swab taken of your vagina or cervix. This sample will be checked for gonorrhea, chlamydia, or other causes of PID. ... tubes and ovaries may cause similar symptoms. Pregnancy test

236

Tests for Reproductive Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... I Need It and How Often? Bacterial vaginosis test A swab is used to collect a fluid sample from ... that are normally present in the vagina. Chlamydia test A swab is used to collect a tissue or fluid ...

237

Pap Smear  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... is inserted into the vagina and used to swab the cervix. This may cause some discomfort followed by minor cramping for a few hours, but the Pap smear test should not be painful. The sample, which contains ...

238

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Ovarian Cancer Introduction Ovarian cancer is fairly rare. Ovarian cancer usually occurs in women who are over 50 years ... located above and behind the vagina and uterus. Cancer and its Causes The body is made up ...

239

Pap Smear  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... your feet in the stirrups. The doctor or nurse will then gently open your vagina and insert ... need more frequent screening, including those who have HIV, are immunosuppressed, were exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in ...

240

Primary menouria due to a congenital vesico-vaginal fistula with distal vaginal agenesis: a rarity.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the case of a female aged 16 years, suffering from cyclical menouria for the last 3 years. Clinical examination revealed the absence of a vagina. Cystoscopy performed while the patient was having menouria revealed an orifice (10 × 8 mm) in the supratrigonal region; blood clots were entering the urinary bladder through this orifice. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis depicted a fluid-filled longitudinal tract distal to the uterus (which was the upper vagina), between the cervix and the bladder. Diagnostic laparoscopy confirmed the presence of a uterus, both ovaries, and the tubal structures. Exploratory laparotomy, correction of the fistulous tract, and sigmoid vaginoplasty were performed. The distal part of the fistulous tract (urinary bladder end) was anastomosed to the proximal end of the sigmoid neo-vagina. The patient is doing well as per her last follow-up at 6 months. She has started menstruating per neo-vagina. PMID:21267710

Singh, Vishwajeet; Sinha, Rahul Janak; Mehrotra, Seema

2011-08-01

241

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum. The female reproductive organs include: 1. The vagina ... the urethra (the urinary bladder opening) and the rectum. This document is for informational purposes and is ...

242

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum. Vagina Uterus Fallopian Tubes Ovaries The ovaries are ... memory problems, and joint and muscle stiffness or pain. Postmenopause One year after menopause, hot flashes and ...

243

Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women (Beyond the Basics)  

Science.gov (United States)

... organs and hips) through the vagina and/or rectum; muscles that feel tight, tender, or band-like indicate that pelvic floor dysfunction could be contributing to pelvic pain. Abdominal myofascial pain (trigger points) — Pain can originate ...

244

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the lining of the vagina, penis, rectum or mouth. Another common way of getting HIV is ... it to their babies during pregnancy or delivery. However, if a pregnant woman with HIV gets ...

245

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... discomfort due to changes in the vagina, or medications you are taking. This document is for informational ... Jelly®, but not petroleum jelly. Other creams and medications are also available to alleviate this problem. The ...

246

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... infection. Infections caused by fungi include: • Candidiasis • Cryptococcal meningitis Candidiasis is a common infection. It causes a ... of the mouth, tongue, esophagus or vagina. Cryptococcal meningitis causes inflammation of the membranes and fluid around ...

247

Endometriosis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... periods and occasional pain with sexual intercourse. During her pelvic examination, her doctor notes that she has some tenderness at the top of her vagina and recommends further testing. She has a ...

248

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... needle through the vagina to numb the pudendal nerve. This relieves some pain and the mother can ... and cesarean sections. Medication is delivered to the nerves of the spine in the lower back. An ...

249

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... that balloon we see below there? That’s a foley catheter balloon placed in the vagina. If we ... after the surgery, the catheter comes out, the foley catheter comes out. They’re up walking around, ...

250

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... The vagina 2. The cervix 3. The uterus 4. The Fallopian tubes 5. The ovaries When an ... cervix is 10 centimeters wide. This is about 4 inches. This is when the mother may be ...

251

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... inside the uterine cavity, and then, that green cap wraps around the cervix, and so, it goes ... the vagina. So now, we use t hat cap while we are dissecting from above as a ...

252

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... because it removes most of the normal protective bacteria in the vagina and increases the risk of ... to advances in medicine, most STDs caused by bacteria and parasites can be cured and their complications ...

253

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... women, chlamydial infection can cause an abnormal genital discharge and burning during urination. If chlamydia goes untreated ... gonorrhea. The most common symptoms of gonorrhea are: • Discharge from the vagina or penis • Painful or difficult ...

254

Tubal ligation - discharge  

Science.gov (United States)

Sterilization surgery - female - discharge; Tubal sterilization - discharge; Tube tying - discharge; Tying the tubes - discharge ... sore throat Swollen belly (bloated) and crampy Some discharge or bleeding from your vagina You should be ...

255

Colposcopy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... faster. This may cause a thick brownish-black discharge from the vagina for a few days. This ... If you experience severe bleeding, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, fever, severe abdominal pain, or any other unusual ...

256

Dilation and Curettage  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... from the vagina, including vaginal bleeding and brownish discharge. You will need to use sanitary pads for ... of the following: • a fever • foul-smelling vaginal discharge • increased abdominal pain • increased bloody discharge • any other ...

257

If I Had - Bowel Control Issues  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cause damage to the pelvic floor or the anal sphincter. Some patients are left after childbirth with an opening, called a fistula, between the bowel and the vagina, which means ...

258

Endometriosis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the outside of the body through the vagina. Diagnosis To diagnose endometriosis, the gynecologist must take a very detailed ... a pelvic exam, must also be done to diagnose endometriosis. This document is for informational purposes and ...

259

Dilation and Curettage  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... C, is a procedure that is used to diagnose and treat a number of health conditions that ... the vagina. Indications A D&C procedure can diagnose or treat a number of different women’s health ...

260

40 CFR 79.63 - Fertility assessment/teratology.  

Science.gov (United States)

...female is sacrificed, her uterus removed, and the contents...for its selection. (iv) Measurements shall be made at least every...kidneys, adrenals, pituitary, uterus, vagina, ovaries, testes...ii ) The contents of the uterus shall be examined for...

2010-07-01

261

40 CFR 799.1560 - Diethylene glycol butyl ether and diethylene glycol butyl ether acetate.  

Science.gov (United States)

...tubular cells, in addition to measurement of urine volume, specific gravity...adrenals; pancreas; gonads; uterus; oviducts; vagina; vas deferens...one dose being used per group. Measurements of motor activity are...

2010-07-01

262

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... labor, it is important to know about the female reproductive organs. They are located in the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum. The female reproductive organs include: 1. The vagina 2. The ...

263

Pap Smear  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... menstrual period. The uterus is pear shaped and measures approximately 3 inches in length. The lowest part ... that keeps the vagina open so that a health care provider can see and reach inside the ...

264

Expanding Patient Options: Minilaparotomy for Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... specimen below the uterine artery. Again, for better visualization, I have removed the cervix on all but ... the Impact LigaSure, but, again, you have full visualization of the vagina. There have been a few ...

265

Large Vesico-Vaginal Fistula Caused by a Foreign Body  

OpenAIRE

Foreign body is a rare cause of vesico-vaginal fistula most often reported in developed countries. In developing countries obstructed labor is the commonest cause of fistula. A nulliparous 19-year-old female presented with a 3-week history of a foreign body in the vagina causing urinary incontinence and offensive vaginal discharge. Her guardian allegedly inserted the foreign body after she refused a pre-arranged marriage. A plastic container was removed from the vagina under general anesthesi...

Massinde, An; Kihunrwa, A.

2013-01-01

266

Application of transvaginal sacrospinous colpopexy in the treatment of pelvic organs prolapse  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. The incidence of uterovaginal and vaginal vault prolapse appears to be higher due to the increased longevity of women. Sacrospinous ligament colpopexy is a surgery procedure which suspends the vagina up to the sacrospinous ligament and brings upper vagina over the levator plate. This technique is very useful for the primary treatment of uterovaginal prolapse in young women who want to preserve their fertility. The main aim of our study was to present the effectiveness of the us ...

Argirovi? Rajka B.; Liki?-La?evi? Ivana; Vrzi?-Petronijevi? Svetlana; Petronijevi? Miloš; La?evi? Nebojša

2005-01-01

267

A Case of Transverse Vaginal Septum Diagnosed During Labor  

OpenAIRE

Transverse vaginal septum is the result of faulty canalization of the embryonic vagina. We described a case of transverse vaginal septum with a small central aperture diagnosed during labor. An 18-years-old girl at 28 weeks of gestation presented to our obstetric department complaining of symptoms of preterm delivery. Pelvic and vaginal ultrasonography, with gynecologic examination established a diagnosis of transverse vaginal septum in mid-vagina. An incision in the vaginal septum allowed us...

U?stu?n, Y.; Zeterog?lu, S?; S?ahin, G.; Kamac?, M.

2005-01-01

268

Recent Advances in Understanding the Microbiology of the Female Reproductive Tract and the Causes of Premature Birth  

OpenAIRE

Data derived from molecular microbiological investigations of the human vagina have led to the discovery of resident bacterial communities that exhibit marked differences in terms of species composition. All undergo dynamic changes that are likely due to intrinsic host and behavioral factors. Similar types of bacteria have been found in both amniotic fluid and the vagina, suggesting a potential route of colonization. Given that not all of the species involved in intrauterine infections are re...

Xia Zhou; Brotman, Rebecca M.; Pawel Gajer; Zaid Abdo; Ursel Schüette; Sam Ma; Jacques Ravel; Forney, Larry J.

2010-01-01

269

Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome: Surgical Management of Two Cases  

OpenAIRE

The Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) Syndrome is a rare anomaly characterized by congenital aplasia of the uterus and vagina in women showing normal development of secondary sexual characters and normal 44 XX karyotype. We report our experience in the management of two patients with congenital absence of the vagina due to the MRKH syndrome. The first case was a 24-year-old student, who presented with primary amenorrhea, uterovaginal agenesis, right pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction, an...

Mungadi, I. A.; Ahmad, Y.; Yunusa, G. H.; Agwu, N. P.; Ismail, S.

2010-01-01

270

Anatomy of adult female common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) reproductive system.  

OpenAIRE

Better appreciation of the female reproductive anatomy of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) should improve the prospects for nonsurgical embryo transfer in this model. Vaginal measurements were performed in 8 female adult marmoset monkeys. Four monkeys were measured at laparotomy for gross internal anatomy, and 1 monkey was analysed at autopsy. The vagina of the marmoset monkey was found to be divided into a lower and upper vagina with a marked vaginal isthmus between them. The mean le...

Cui, K. H.; Matthews, C. D.

1994-01-01

271

Demonstration of vaginal colonization with GusA-expressing Lactobacillus jensenii following oral delivery in rhesus macaques  

OpenAIRE

The vaginal microbiome, which harbors beneficial Lactobacillus strains, is believed to be a major host defense mechanism for preventing infections of the urogenital tract. It has been suggested that the gastrointestinal tract serves as a reservoir for lactobacilli that colonize the vagina. Using rhesus macaques, we examined whether oral delivery of human vaginal Lactobacillus jensenii-1153-1646, a GusA-producing strain, would result in colonization of the rectum and the vagina. Lactobacilli w...

Lagenaur, Laurel A.; Lee, Peter P.; Hamer, Dean H.; Sanders-beer, Brigitte E.

2011-01-01

272

Iatrogenic urethrovaginal fistula with transverse vaginal septum presenting as cyclical hematuria  

OpenAIRE

We present a case of iatrogenic urethrovaginal fistula with transverse vaginal septum. The patient presented with cyclical hematuria and infertility. The vagina was blind-ending. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed normal uterus with transverse vaginal septum. The cystoscopic examination during cyclical hematuria revealed bloody efflux through a small fistula below the internal urethral sphincter. Vaginoplasty and repair of the urethrovaginal fistula was done. The vagina was reconstru...

Singh, Abha; Kumar, Manisha; Sharma, Sumedha

2011-01-01

273

The impact of radiotherapy for carcinoma of the cervix on sexual function assessed using the LENT SOMA scales  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background and purpose: As there are few studies examining the impact of radiotherapy on sexuality, we assessed the effect of radiotherapy for carcinoma of the cervix on sexual health and the ability of the LENT system to assess sexual function. Materials and methods: Using the vagina and sexual dysfunction scales of the LENT SOMA scales, subjective scores were measured prospectively before initiation of radiotherapy for 89 women, and at the following times after the start of treatment: 21, 70, 200, 400, 600 and 800 days. Results: There was considerable variation in pre-radiotherapy scores that was not related to disease stage (P=0.054), but was related to patient age (P=0.037, for the average vagina scores and P=0.039 for the maximum vagina scores) The scores were influenced by prior surgery (P<0.0005 for maximum and average vagina scores, P=0.042 average and 0.017 maximum sexual dysfunction scores). For 48 patients for whom data were available at the first three time points, the vagina scores decreased significantly by 70 days compared to pre-radiotherapy scores, but not for sexual dysfunction. There was heterogeneity in the pattern of changes of scores over time: for some women there was no change in vagina subsection score, some increased, and some decreased. Conclusions: The work has shown variation both in pre-treatment sexual function and in the pattern of changes seen following radiotherapy. Our questionnaire proved useful to score subjective sexual and vaginaeful to score subjective sexual and vaginal problems as given in the LENT subjective scales. Further study is needed to assess the effectiveness of the scales in assessing late effects

274

Congenital developmental defects of derivates of müllerian ducts.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital developmental defects of Müllerian derivates, understandable with the knowledge of embryological development of Wolffian and Müllerian ducts, are defects of canalisation (= gynatresias), defects in fusing, combined defects and uterovaginal agenesis. Gynatresias should be suspected in the newborn, but distinguished in puberty, on the basis of menstrual blood retention, as hymeneal atresia (haematocolpos), aplasia partis distalis vaginae (haematocolpos partialis), transversal vagina septum and aplasia of vagina and uterine cervix (isolated haematometra). Particular operations are described. Defects in the fusing of Müllerian ducts from the point of view of surgery could be single-coated or double-coated. Incomplete reduplication with unilateral renal aplasia syndrome could present as hemihaematocolpos, hemihaematometra and haematometra in rudimental horn. For diagnosis of these disorders menstrual blood retention is necessary. Surgical treatment in the first two types includes resection of the common wall and haematometra in rudimental horn needs metroplasty or hemihysterectomy. Congenital absence of uterus and vagina (Rokitanski Küster) appears in genetically, endocrinologically and psychosexually normal females. Diagnosis is based on clinical examination and ultrasonography. Initial examination should be nonsurgical (dilatation method). All surgical corrections create a place for the future vagina and reach its epithelization. Different procedures are criticised. The author recommends and describes Vecchietti's laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22846534

Ho?ejší, Jan

2012-01-01

275

Posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cystic lesions of vagina are relatively uncommon and an incidental finding during routine gynaecological examination. Mullerian cysts are congenital cysts of vagina, usually reported during childbearing age group. These cysts mostly arise at the level of cervix and extend anteriorly in relation to bladder, but very rarely they may also extend posteriorly. This is a rare case of posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin. A 36-year-old multi para (P2L2 both SVD, presented with a mass descending through vagina since 2-3 months. Pelvic examination revealed a 5x5 cm cystic mass arising from the posterior vaginal wall. Complete excision of the cyst was done. The cyst was filled with chocolate coloured material and histopathology confirmed a Mullerian cyst. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(1.000: 245-246

Sunita Samal

2015-02-01

276

Sobre uma nova espécie do gênero Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906 On a new specie under Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os autores, na presente nota, propõem Acanthocolpus brasiliensis sp. n. sendo este gênero pela primeira vez referido no Brasil. A espécie aqui descrita difere das demais do gênero pela ausência de espinhos na vagina e no ducto hermafrodita e pela presença de vitelinos em quase toda extensão da metade posterior do corpo.In this paper the authors propose a new specie under Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906 also reafirms this genus for the first time in Brasil. Acanthocolpus brasiliensis sp. n. differs from the other species of the genus by presenting folicular vitellaria in almost the hole area of the posterior part of the body, by the absence of spines in vagina and in ejaculatory duct. A. brasiliensis sp. n. is similar to A. orientalis Srivastava, 1939, which differs also by the size of the body, cirrus sac and vagina.

Berenice M. M. Fernandes

1973-01-01

277

Sobre uma nova espécie do gênero Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906 / On a new specie under Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os autores, na presente nota, propõem Acanthocolpus brasiliensis sp. n. sendo este gênero pela primeira vez referido no Brasil. A espécie aqui descrita difere das demais do gênero pela ausência de espinhos na vagina e no ducto hermafrodita e pela presença de vitelinos em quase toda extensão da metad [...] e posterior do corpo. Abstract in english In this paper the authors propose a new specie under Acanthocolpus Lühe, 1906 also reafirms this genus for the first time in Brasil. Acanthocolpus brasiliensis sp. n. differs from the other species of the genus by presenting folicular vitellaria in almost the hole area of the posterior part of the b [...] ody, by the absence of spines in vagina and in ejaculatory duct. A. brasiliensis sp. n. is similar to A. orientalis Srivastava, 1939, which differs also by the size of the body, cirrus sac and vagina.

Berenice M. M., Fernandes; Santiago V. de, Souza.

278

A rare case of posterior vaginal wall cyst  

Science.gov (United States)

A 42-year-old multi para, presented with a mass protruding from vagina since 1 year. The mass was cystic in nature arising from the posterior vaginal wall. It was insidious in growth, gradually increasing in size to 8×8 cm. Surgical excision of the cyst was done by sharp and blunt dissection. The cyst was filled with mucoid material and histopathology confirmed a mullerian cyst. Cystic lesions of vagina are relatively uncommon and they are an incidental finding during gynaecological examination. Mullerian cysts are congenital cysts of vagina, usually reported during childbearing age group. These cysts usually arise at the level of cervix and extend anteriorly in relation to bladder, but very rarely they may also extend posteriorly. This paper illustrates a rare case of large posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin. PMID:22693290

Jayaprakash, Sheela; M, Lakshmidevi; G, Sampath Kumar

2011-01-01

279

Validation of thermal techniques for measurement of pelvic organ blood flows in the nonpregnant sheep: comparison with transit-time ultrasonic and microsphere measurements of blood flow  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Data obtained from a thermal system capable of measuring changes in organ temperature as well as tissue thermal clearance in the uterus and vagina have been compared with blood flow measured continuously with a transit-time ultrasound volume-flow sensor placed around the common internal iliac artery and intermittently with radioactive microspheres in the chronically instrumented nonpregnant sheep. Temperature changes in both the uterus and the vagina correlated well with blood flow changes measured by both techniques after intravenous administration of estradiol or norepinephrine. Thermal clearance did not correlate well with blood flow in the vagina or uterus. These methods may have value in the investigation of blood flow patterns in various clinical situations such as the pelvic pain syndrome and early pregnancy

280

Scientific Rationale and Algorithmization of Sochi Resort Natural and Preformed Physical Therapeutic Factors in the Course of Combined Treatment of Patients with Chronic Vulvovaginitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chronic vulvovaginitis is the most wide-spread gynecological pathology among women of childbearing age. The chief causations of nonspecific vulvovaginitis are reduction in oestrogen, disturbances in vaginal acidity, intestine dysbacteriosis, local and general immune disturbances. The growth of vagina opportunistic pathogenic flora is closely connected with the increase of bacterial slimes on vagina mucus. Sulphur balneotherapy in the form of general baths and vaginal irrigations, mechanical physiotherapy promotes disruption of bacterial slimes, oestrogen elevation, immune reconstruction and vaginal biocenosis, which has positive effect on patients’ fertility level, frequency of obstetrical and perinatal pathologies.

Kirill V. Gordon

2012-11-01

281

A rare case of posterior vaginal wall cyst  

OpenAIRE

A 42-year-old multi para, presented with a mass protruding from vagina since 1 year. The mass was cystic in nature arising from the posterior vaginal wall. It was insidious in growth, gradually increasing in size to 8×8 cm. Surgical excision of the cyst was done by sharp and blunt dissection. The cyst was filled with mucoid material and histopathology confirmed a mullerian cyst. Cystic lesions of vagina are relatively uncommon and they are an incidental finding during gynaecological examinat...

Jayaprakash, Sheela; M, Lakshmidevi; G, Sampath Kumar

2011-01-01

282

Chronic partial urethral obstruction in female rats: description of an experimental model and initial results Obstrução parcial uretral crônica em ratos: descrição de um modelo experimental e resultados iniciais  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: To develop an experimental model of infravesical urinary obstruction in female rats. METHODS: After median caudal laparotomy, the urethra of 14 female rats was delicately separated from the vagina and loosely wrapped with cellophane tape measuring 0.4 x 1.0 cm. The animals were evaluated 4 (n=7) and 8 (n=7) weeks later. Five additional control animals were only subjected to separation of the urethra and vagina and monitored for 12 weeks. RESULTS: After four weeks, three rats presente...

Silvio Tucci Jr; Carlos Augusto Ferreira Molina; Marcelo Ferreira Cassini; Murilo Ferreira de Andrade; Gilson José de Lima; Antonio Carlos Pereira Martins

2011-01-01

283

Iatrogenic urethrovaginal fistula with transverse vaginal septum presenting as cyclical hematuria.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a case of iatrogenic urethrovaginal fistula with transverse vaginal septum. The patient presented with cyclical hematuria and infertility. The vagina was blind-ending. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed normal uterus with transverse vaginal septum. The cystoscopic examination during cyclical hematuria revealed bloody efflux through a small fistula below the internal urethral sphincter. Vaginoplasty and repair of the urethrovaginal fistula was done. The vagina was reconstructed using an amniotic mould. The report emphasizes the importance of MRI and cystoscopy in diagnosing such rare and complex anomalies. PMID:22279328

Singh, Abha; Kumar, Manisha; Sharma, Sumedha

2011-10-01

284

Vaginally inserted herbs causing vesico-vaginal fistula and vaginal stenosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 32-year-old woman developed a vesico-vaginal fistula and vaginal stenosis following insertion of herbs into her vagina by a traditional doctor to "melt" her uterine myomata. She underwent successful trans-abdominal repair of her fistula and passive dilatation of her vagina was recommended for the vaginal stenosis. The emerging importance of traditional treatments as a cause of vesico-vaginal fistula is highlighted. The role of quality improvement through research and strict regulation to maximise the benefits of traditional treatment and minimise complications is also emphasised. PMID:22797463

Adaji, S E; Bature, S B; Shittu, O S

2013-06-01

285

Urogenital tumors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An overview is provided for veterinary care of urogenital tumors in companion animals, especially the dog. Neoplasms discussed include tumors of the kidney, urinary bladder, prostate, testis, ovary, vagina, vulva and the canine transmissible venereal tumor. Topics addressed include description, diagnosis and treatment.

Weller, R.E.

1994-03-01

286

A leg ulcer as manifestation of metastatic squamous cell vaginal carcinoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cutaneous metastasis of vaginal carcinoma is extremely rare. So far, the total number of reported skin metastasis of vaginal carcinoma is only one. We present another case with an unusual manifestation of vagina carcinoma metastasis: skin metastasis presenting as a leg ulcer on the lower leg. PMID:17447983

van Ruth, S; van Dorst, E B L; Canninga-van Dijk, M R; de Bruin-Weller, M S

2007-05-01

287

No Increased Risk for Most Cancers Yet Observed in Daughters of Women Exposed to DES in the 1940s and 1950s  

Science.gov (United States)

The first systematic follow-up study of a large group of women, whose mothers were given the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) during pregnancy in the 1940s and 1950s, found no increase in any type of cancer except for clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina and cervix in women under age 30.

288

Vaginoplasty using amniotic membranes in cases of vaginal agenesis or after vaginectomy.  

OpenAIRE

Various treatments have been proposed for vaginal agenesis. The authors describe successful procedures using amniotic membranes as a graft on vaginoplasties. The amnion was not stripped from the chorion. The results showed the vagina to be well formed and of normal depth and caliber.

Nisolle, Michelle; Donnez, Jacques

1992-01-01

289

Fibroleiomyomas of the tubular genitalia in female beluga whales.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fibroleiomyomas of the tubular genitalia were diagnosed in 6 of 9 adult female beluga whales from the St. Lawrence estuary, Quebec, Canada. These tumors were located in the vagina (6 of 6), the cervix (2 of 6), and the uterus (1 of 6). Endogenous hormones or xeno-estrogens may be implicated in the occurrence of these tumors. PMID:10907870

Mikaelian, I; Labelle, P; Doré, M; Martineau, D

2000-07-01

290

Primary mucosal malignant melanoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina and esophagus are reported and the literature on the subject is extensively reviewed. The role of large fraction irradiation is appraised. In both cases, no exenterative surgery was imposed but instead, intermittent large fraction irradiation with protracted high doses was elected for local control. (Auth.)

291

Oxytocin determination by radioimmunoassay in cattle. 2. Effect of mating and stimulation of the genital tract in bulls, cows and heifers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Oxytocin concentration in jugular vein blood was measured radioimmunologically with a detection limit of 3 pg/ml plasma in male and female cattle. Five bulls were tested; during mating a cow in oestrus with intromission and ejaculation, during mounting a dummy or another bull with ejaculation into an artificial vagina or during false mounts. No increase in oxytocin concentrations could be observed, but stimulation with an electro-ejaculator caused an increase ranging from 5-84 pg/ml after a latent period of 3-5 min. A similar response was observed in two cows following the same procedure. The contact with a bull, false mount or mating with intromission and ejaculation was not followed by a measurable oxytocin release in 5 test cows. The following stimulation techniques, massage of vulva and clitoris, massage of cervix and uterus per rectum, artificial insemination, introduction of a speculum into the vagina or insufflation of air into the vagina were performed with 5 cows and 5 heifers. Insufflation of air into the vagina was the most effective stimulus, eleciting an oxytocin release up to 588 pg/ml. All 5 heiers responded positively, as well as 4 cows in oestrus. The other manipulations cuased an oxytocin response mainly in heifers (whether in oestrus or dioestrus), whereas only one cow in oestrus responded with an oxytocin release. In general, oxytocin concentrations increase about 30-90 s after the start of the stimulus.

Schams, D.; Baumann, G. (Institut fuer Physiologie der Sueddeutschen Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt fuer Milchwirtschaft der TU Muenchen); Leidl, W. (Gynaekologische und Ambulatorische Tierklinik der Universitaet Muenchen, Germany)

1982-01-01

292

Conception rate, uterine infection and embryo quality after artificial insemination and natural breeding with a stallion carrier of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa may cause venereal disease and infertility in horses. A Pseudomonas aeruginosa - carrier stallion, often unresponsive to artificial vagina collection, was used to naturally breed mares. Semen collected from the same stallion was also used to perform artificial inseminations. Pregnancy rates, embryo quality and incidence of uterine infection were compared between inseminated or naturally-bred mares. Methods

Tiago Guimarães; Júlio Carvalheira; António Rocha

2012-01-01

293

[Colpocystographic study of female genital prolapse and urinary stress incontinence (author's transl)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Colpocystography consists of a static and dynamic study of the opacified pelvic viscera (bladder, vagina, rectum) in lateral projection. This method is non traumatic and easy to perform. It is an useful diagnostic complement in the evaluation of bladder, uterine, rectal prolapse and urinary stress incontinence. PMID:7221065

Zompatori, M; Gavelli, G; Piloni, V; Albisinni, U; Canini, R; Bernasconi, A

1980-01-01

294

Disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis in a HIV sero - positive patient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic disease, classically involving the nose and nasopharynx, clinically presenting as polypii. However,disseminated rhinosporidiosis, involving various other sites including lips, conjunctiva, uvula, vagina, larynx. trachea. scalp and skin is also known to occur. A case of rhinosporidiosis, with nasal, oropharyngeal and multiple cutaneous lesions, in a patient who is sera - positivafor HIV is reported.

Padmavathy L

2001-11-01

295

Scrotal migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion may be associated with migration into the abdominal wall, gastrointestinal tract, bladder, vagina, scrotum, and mediastinum. Migration of the VP shunt into the scrotum has been rarely reported. We present a 1 year old boy with cerebrospinal fluid hydrocele due to the migration of a VP shunt catheter into the right side scrotum. PMID:22675718

Mohammadi, Afshin; Hedayatiasl, Abbas; Ghasemi-Rad, Mohammad

2012-06-01

296

Comparison of molecular abnormalities in vulvar and vaginal melanomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

Malignant melanoma of the vulva and vagina is relatively uncommon and accounts for melanomas in women. The aim of our study was to establish the biological properties and evaluate potential therapeutic targets in these tumors. We collected a series of 65 cases from three centers and re-evaluated the tumor tissue for predominant growth pattern (superficial spreading, nodular, and mucosal lentiginous) and tumor thickness. KIT (CD117) expression was detected immunohistochemically. In addition, tumors were screened for BRAF, NRAS, and KIT mutations by PCR and DNA sequencing as well as for KIT amplifications by fluorescence in situ hybridization. None of the cases contained BRAF mutations. NRAS mutations and KIT amplifications were detected in similar frequency (?12%) in tumors of the vulva and vagina. In contrast, KIT mutations were present in 18% of primary melanomas of the vulva, but in none of the tumors arising in the vagina. Moderate or strong KIT protein expression was detected in 30 cases, including all tumors with KIT mutations and 6 of the 7 with KIT amplifications. In conclusion, BRAF mutations are virtually absent in melanomas originating from the vulva or vagina, whereas NRAS mutations and KIT amplifications occur in both locations. KIT mutations appear to be specific for melanomas of the vulva, suggesting that in spite of the anatomic proximity, the development of vulvar and vaginal melanomas involves different molecular alterations which may be targeted by novel treatment approaches. PMID:24603591

Aulmann, Sebastian; Sinn, Hans P; Penzel, Roland; Gilks, C Blake; Schott, Sarah; Hassel, Jessica C; Schmidt, Dietmar; Kommoss, Friedrich; Schirmacher, Peter; Kommoss, Stefan

2014-10-01

297

Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... www.X-Plain.com og010104 Last reviewed: 3/18/2009 1 The female reproductive organs include: • Vagina • ... www.X-Plain.com og010104 Last reviewed: 3/18/2009 2 These hormones also prepare the inner ...

298

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Oncology Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 04 CHRISTOPHER STANLEY, MD: I think specifically endometrial cancer, if the patient's a surgical candidate, which means if the disease is limited to the uterus and not extended to the pelvic sidewalls, to the bladder, to the lower vagina. If you can with ...

299

Covered exstrophy with anorectal malformation and vaginal duplication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Covered exstrophy is a rare variant of the exstrophy-epispadias complex. We report a female newborn with covered exstrophy, absent anal opening and duplication of the introitus and the lower vagina. This rare, previously unreported, combination of anomalies highlights the complexity of the embryological events in the caudal area during separation of the hindgut and allantois.

Bawa Monika

2011-01-01

300

C-Section  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the vagina. When this happens, we say the “water broke.” Labor can start when the water breaks. This document is for informational purposes and ... doctor or a healthcare professional for your specific condition. ©1995-2012, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www. ...

301

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cancers such as: • Kaposi’s sarcoma • Cervical cancer • Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma Kaposi's sarcoma is a tumor of the blood ... that separates the vagina from the uterus. Non Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer that starts in the lymphocytes. Lymphocytes ...

302

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy for Vaginal Vault Prolapse  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... suturing, and the slipknot really allows you on your own to be able to have the mesh tie ... the anterior and posterior vagina distally and then brings it up to the anterior ... mesh, it's not a device, but it is going to resupport the vaginal ...

303

Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics--approaching a definition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Definitions of different pro-, pre-, and synbiotics suggested by different investigators are critically discussed. On the basis of this analysis, the probiotic concept is confined to effects exerted by viable microorganisms but is applicable independent of the site of action and route of administration. It therefore may include sites such as the oral cavity, the intestine, the vagina, and the skin. PMID:11157342

Schrezenmeir, J; de Vrese, M

2001-02-01

304

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... develop cancers such as: • Kaposi’s sarcoma • Cervical cancer • Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma Kaposi's sarcoma is a tumor of the blood ... opening that separates the vagina from the uterus. Non Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer that starts in the lymphocytes. Lymphocytes ...

305

Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... include: • Vagina • Uterus • Fallopian tubes • And ovaries. These organs are located in the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum. The ... in place may become lax, this is called pelvic relaxation, it can cause the uterus ... prolapse. The inner lining of the uterus, or endometrium, ...

306

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... been found to increase the risk of ovarian cancer: • Use of hormone replacement therapy after menopause • Use of talc in ... patient. Surgery is usually necessary to remove the cancer. During surgery, all the female reproductive organs, except for the vagina, may be ...

307

Colposcopy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Last reviewed: 10/29/2012 1 The lowest part of the uterus is the cervix. It opens into the vagina, which opens to the outside of the body between the urethra (the urinary bladder opening) and the rectum. The cervix comes in contact with sperm during unprotected sex, which makes the ...

308

Robot-Assisted Gynecologic Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Here’s the urinary bladder. We’ve got the uterus, right here, and we’ve got both ovaries ... some of that anatomy, the ovaries. Here’s the uterus. Connected to the uterus is the vagina, which ...

309

Uterine didelphys with cervical incompetence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Uterine didelphys represents a uterine malformation where the uterus is present as a paired organ. There is presence of double uterine bodies with two separate cervices, and often a double or septate vagina as well. We report a case of single pregnancy in the right sided uterine body of a didelphic uterus with cervical incompetence.

Aher Gautam S, Gavali Urmila G, Kulkarni Meghana

2013-04-01

310

Vaginal Birth  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... During pregnancy, the baby is in a special fluid called amniotic fluid. The baby and amniotic fluid are in a bag called the “amniotic sac” ... the amniotic sac opens up and the amniotic fluid seeps out through the vagina. When this happens, ...

311

C-Section  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... During pregnancy, the baby floats in a special fluid called amniotic fluid. Both the baby and amniotic fluid are in a bag called the “amniotic sac.” ... sac opens before the actual delivery and amniotic fluid seeps out through the vagina. When this happens, ...

312

Dilation and Curettage  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... seen in any type of procedure. These include: • Infection, in the vagina, uterus, or pelvis. • Bleeding, either during or after the operation. Other risks and complications are related specifically to this surgery. Rarely, the wall of the uterus may be ...

313

Robot-Assisted Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the two EndoWrist instruments come in on the right and left lateral quadrants, and you can see that on ... the vaginal cuff’s now closed. And again, we left the uterus in the vagina ... different things. You could put a glove that has, like, a ray-tec in it ...

314

Ultrasound -- Pelvis  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the vagina after you empty your bladder. The tip of the transducer is smaller than the standard ... by a physician with expertise in the medical area presented and is further reviewed by ... This page was reviewed on July 16, 2013

315

All about Menstruation (For Children)  

Science.gov (United States)

... the menstrual (say: MEN-strul) cycle, they usually mean the days when blood and tissue (menstrual fluid) leaves the body through the vagina. That's the most visible part of the process, and the part that girls and women need to manage. But the monthly ...

316

Genital Warts  

Science.gov (United States)

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The warts are soft, moist, pink, or flesh-colored bumps. ... or many of these bumps. In women, the warts usually occur in or around the vagina, on ...

317

[Post-coital vesicovaginal fistula after treatment for cervical cancer. Cure by prolonged bladder drainage after epiploplasty failure. Two cases].  

Science.gov (United States)

Post-coitus vagina-bladder fistulas are rarely encountered although they may be favoured by radiosurgical treatment for cervical cancer. Treatment is particularly difficult. When initial epiploplasty is a failure, most authors recommend an ileocytoplasty with ad integrum reconstruction of the vaginal and of bladder function. PMID:7782582

Bobin, J Y; Gratadour, A C; Delay, E; Rivoire, M

1995-01-01

318

Fístula vesicovaginal continente / Continent vesicovaginal fistula  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A fístula vesicovaginal é uma comunicação anormal entre a bexiga e a vagina, sendo o tipo mais comum de fístula do trato urinário. A causa mais frequente no Brasil é a iatrogênica, secundária à histerectomia. Classicamente, as mulheres nessa condição, apresentam perda urinária contínua pela vagina e [...] ausência de micção, com forte impacto negativo na qualidade de vida. Apresentamos um caso de fístula vesicovaginal totalmente continente, com seguimento de 11 anos, sem complicações. Abstract in english Vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication between the bladder and vagina and represents the most frequent type of fistula in the urinary tract. The most common cause in Brazil is iatrogenic fistula, secondary to histerectomia. Classically these women present continuous urinary leakage from [...] the vagina and absence of micturition, with strong negative impact on their quality of life. We present a case of totally continent vesicovaginal fistula, with a follow-up of 11 years with no complications.

Luís Gustavo Morato de, Toledo; Victor Espinheira, Santos; Paulo Eduardo Gourlat, Maron; Bruno César, Vedovato; Moacyr, Fucs; Marjo Deninson Cardenuto, Perez.

2013-03-01

319

Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... placed through the patient's vagina. And as she pushes up, she'll create a clearer field for Dr. ... some gentle upward traction here. Can you go up a little more towards the -- ... yeah. And if you can just push in from there. Great. 00:28:45 PAUL ...

320

Menopause  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a form of progesterone) increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and blood clots in the lungs and legs. The Vagina Body tissue in the genital area becomes ... risks of: 1. Heart diseases 2. Strokes 3. Blood clot in the ...

321

Aggressive angiomyxoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Myxoid tumors are a heterogeneous group of lesions characterized by a marked abundance of extra cellular mucoid (myxoid) matrix.[1] The term aggressive emphasizes the often infiltrative nature of the tumor and its frequent association with recurrence.[2] A case of aggressive angiomyxoma arising from the vagina in a 55-year-old woman is reported for its rarity. PMID:24860748

Padmavathy, L; Rao, L Lakshmana; Lakshmi, M Dhana; Sylvester, N

2014-04-01

322

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12433-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U12433-1 gap included 989 6 1203923 1204914 PLUS 7 8 U12433 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 S ... 7_1( AK036837 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 145 2e-33 AP008209_2021( AP008209 |pid:none) ...

323

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11242-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U11242-1 gap included 1915 4 2546592 2548507 PLUS 5 9 U11242 0 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 6_1( AK137636 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 37 3.3 AB106110_1( AB106110 |pid:none) Diomed ...

324

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U14991-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U14991-1 no gap 637 2 7003871 7003235 MINUS 4 5 U14991 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Show C ... .. 30 9.3 3 ( BB148872 ) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... cDNA, RIKEN full... 40 9.4 2 >( C25716 ) Dictyoste ...

325

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U06742-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U06742-1 no gap 471 1 1462057 1462528 PLUS 1 2 U06742 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Co ... 7_1( AK162697 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 39 0.076 FJ406823_1( FJ406823 |pid:none) Plas ...

326

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U06615-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U06615-1 no gap 554 2 7226298 7226852 PLUS 1 1 U06615 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Co ... 3_1( AK036803 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 64 3e-09 AK033549_1( AK033549 |pid:none) Mus ...

327

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04625-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U04625-1 no gap 835 5 477466 478299 PLUS 2 2 U04625 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Cont ... 2_1( AK036782 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 73 2e-14 BT074745_1( BT074745 |pid:none) Osme ...

328

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U08197-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U08197-1 no gap 391 2 7174563 7174954 PLUS 1 1 U08197 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 Show Co ... 5_1( AK137635 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 32 9.0 Z32679_6( Z32679 |pid:none) Caenorhabd ...

329

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12528-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U12528-1 gap included 1985 5 750878 752863 PLUS 3 5 U12528 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sh ... 6_1( AK162686 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 52 8e-05 AK129350_1( AK129350 |pid:none) Mus ...

330

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U07878-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U07878-1 gap included 802 4 3955776 3956509 PLUS 50 29 U07878 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 ... .. 46 2.1 1 ( BB143441 ) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... cDNA, RIKEN full... 38 2.1 2 ( AE017263 ) Mesoplas ...

331

C-Section  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the umbilical cord. The mother’s blood does NOT go into the baby’s body. When it is almost ... is not enough room for the baby to go through the vagina 4. The cervix does not ...

332

Cancer of the Cervix  

Science.gov (United States)

... is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (see the FAQ Human Papillomavirus [HPV] Infection). There are many types of HPV. Some types of HPV, called “high-risk types,” can cause cancer of the anus, cervix, vulva, vagina, and penis. They also can cause cancer of the head ...

333

Perfuração vaginal como complicação de derivação ventrículo-peritoneal apresentação de um caso Vaginal perforation following ventriculoperitoneal shunt: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available É descrito um caso de saída, pela vagina, do catéter de derivação ventrículo-peritoneal. A possível causa e as consequências são discutidas.Report of a case with vaginal perforation by the catheter following a ventri-culoperitoneal shunt. The possible causative factor and results observed are discussed.

Geraldo Pianetti Filho

1991-09-01

334

Ovarian Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Ovarian Cancer Introduction Ovarian cancer is fairly rare. Ovarian cancer usually occurs in women who are over 50 years old and it may ... This reference summary will help you understand how ovarian cancer is detected and treated. Anatomy Vagina Uterus ...

335

Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep!  

Science.gov (United States)

... of bacteria before; each pregnancy is different. The test is an easy swab of the vagina and rectum that should not hurt. Prevent GBS is a free app available for iOS and ... at any time. If the test shows that you are carrying the bacteria, you ...

336

Group B Streptococcus and Pregnancy  

Science.gov (United States)

... The test is called a culture. In this test, a swab is used to take a sample from the woman’s vagina and rectum. This procedure is quick and is not painful. The sample is sent to a lab where it is grown in a special substance. What if the test results are positive? If results of the culture ...

337

Surgical Tutorial of a Robotic-Assisted Anterior Pelvic Exenteration  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... now we have approached the point where the bladder is pretty much hanging on to the vaginal cuff. And we're approaching the final portion of ... really find where the junction -- where the vaginal cuff is. And often we have a ... bladder ended and where the vagina started. Shawn, you ...

338

Condiloma Acuminado  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El Condilomas Acuminado es una enfermedadcausada por el Virus Papiloma Humano.Se caracteriza por el crecimiento de verrugas blandas en los genitales o en la regiónanal, o sea que crece entre los muslos y la parte interna de las nalgas, en el pene o en la vagina.

Juan Carlos Céspedes Escobar

2011-06-01

339

Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 800 of disposable instruments. There are no other energy sources or instruments that are use. You’ll see if we have time, when we sew on the vagina we’re using just a traditional suture material. There’s no special type of suture or needle ...

340

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma with vaginal and brain metastases: a case report and literature review  

OpenAIRE

There are very few cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma with metastases to the vagina and brain reported in the literature. Our case study highlights this rare clinical occurrence and its associated complications including pulmonary embolism. In addition we discuss current management guidelines for treating and diagnosing the disease, and how this management improves prognosis.

Tobe Samuel Momah; Phillip Xiao; Dhanan Etwaru; Vasantha Kondamudi

2009-01-01

341

Laparoscopic Supracervical Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a later time? Yes. If you developed precancerous changes of the cervix or the cervix started to prolapse or relax out through the opening of the vagina, there is definitely a possibility that you might need to go back in at some point and remove that cervix. 00:22:03 CRANSTON ...

342

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... response is an important part of his or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body ... arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from the walls ...

343

Vesico-vaginal fistula repair as a day case: is it a worthy venture?  

Science.gov (United States)

Two vesico-vaginal fistula patients who were successfully managed with outpatient care as an alternative approach, to ensure early access to care and integration into their family. The two patients had simple uncomplicated mid-vagina fistulae surgically repaired with local infiltrative anaesthesia. We suggest some selection criteria and clinical guidelines that can facilitate successful treatment by this choice of care. PMID:23695384

Ojengbede, O A; Morhason-Bello, I O

2013-10-01

344

Hysterectomy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... X-Plain.com og010104 Last reviewed: 3/18/2009 1 The female reproductive organs include: • Vagina • Uterus • ... X-Plain.com og010104 Last reviewed: 3/18/2009 2 These hormones also prepare the inner lining ...

345

VALIDEZ DE LA PRUEBA DE HISTERECTOMÍA VAGINAL EN PACIENTES CON INDICACIÓN DE VÍA ABDOMINAL MANDATORIA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar la histerectomía vaginal en la resolución de patología uterina benigna, en casos que habitualmente se resuelven por histerectomía abdominal. Método: Estudio prospectivo en 68 pacientes sometidas a histerectomía vaginal en el Servicio de Ginecología del Hospital Claudio Vicuña, de S [...] an Antonio, entre junio de 2003 a junio de 2009. Son pacientes sin partos vaginales, algunas nuligestas, la mayoría con cicatrices de cesárea o historia de cirugía pélvica previa. Se separan en dos grupos, uno de dificultad moderada (DM) (útero móvil, vagina >2 dedos de diámetro, fondos de saco bien conformados) y otro de dificultad severa (DS) (útero fijo, vagina Abstract in english Objective: To assess vaginal hysterectomy in benign uterine pathology resolution in cases who are usually resolved by abdominal hysterectomy. Method: We studied, prospectively, 68 patients that were operated by vaginal hysterectomy between june 2003 to june 2009 in the Gynecology Service at Claudio [...] Vicuña Hospital, San Antonio. Most of the patients have history of prior cesarean section or pelvic surgery, but no one has had vaginal deliveries, inclusive, some of them, have no history of previous pregnancies. The patients were separated into two groups, moderate difficulty (MD): composed by patients with uterus conserved motility, vagina >2 fingers diameter, well conserved cul de sac, and severe difficulty (SD): composed by patients with none uterine motility, vagina

Juan, Riquelme P; Luis, Fuentes L; Marcela, Araya T; Carlos, Rojas P.

346

32 CFR 199.4 - Basic program benefits.  

Science.gov (United States)

...performed to correct sex gender confusion...for the patient's age or ethnic or racial...vagina in a biological male who had undergone...determine paternity or sex of a child. Diagnostic...tests to determine sex of an unborn child...Immunizations for individuals age six and older,...

2010-07-01

347

Complete Genome Sequence of Bifidobacterium longum JDM301?  

OpenAIRE

Bifidobacteria, known as probiotic bacteria, are high-G+C Gram-positive bacteria which naturally inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract and vagina. Recently, we completely sequenced Bifidobacterium longum JDM301, which is a widely used Chinese commercial strain with several probiotic properties.

Wei, Yan-xia; Zhang, Zhuo-yang; Liu, Chang; Zhu, Yong-zhang; Zhu, Yong-qiang; Zheng, Huajun; Zhao, Guo-ping; Wang, Shengyue; Guo, Xiao-kui

2010-01-01

348

Evaluating Infertility  

Science.gov (United States)

... the testes. Semen: The fluid made by male sex glands that contains sperm. Sexual Intercourse: The act of the penis of the male entering the vagina of the female (also called “having sex” or “making love”). Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases that ...

349

Efficacy of Albaconazole against Candida albicans in a Vaginitis Model?  

OpenAIRE

The efficacy of albaconazole (ABC) was evaluated using a murine model of vaginal Candida albicans infection. Both ABC and fluconazole (FLC) were effective in reducing the fungal load from vaginas of infected mice; however, ABC demonstrated encouraging activities against an FLC-resistant strain, with trends toward superiority over FLC in some treatment groups.

Gonza?lez, Gloria M.; Robledo, Efre?n; Garza-gonza?lez, Elvira; Elizondo, Mariana; Gonza?lez, J. Gerardo

2009-01-01

350

HIV and AIDS  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... develop cancers such as: • Kaposi’s sarcoma • Cervical cancer • Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma Kaposi's sarcoma is a tumor of ... opening that separates the vagina from the uterus. Non Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer that starts in the ...

351

Limnomermis subtropicalis n. sp. (Nematoda:Mermithidae a Parasite of Larvae of Simulium orbitale Lutz (Diptera:Simuliidae in Argentina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Limnomermis subtropicalis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae a parasite of Simulium orbitale Lutz (Diptera: Simuliidae found in Argentina is described and illustrated. This species is characterized by having medium sized amphids, pocket-shaped, medium sized vagina, sculptured spicule, and by having 9 preanal, 7 postanal papillae in the ventral row, and 12 papillae in the lateral rows

Villalobos L Cristina de

1997-01-01

352

[Intrauterine hydatidosis. A case report].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors describe a rare case of an intra uterine hydatid cyst in a 60 year old woman. Hydatid vesicles were found in the vagina. The diagnosis was made histologically. A total hysterectomy was carried out. The authors discuss the aetiology and pathogenicity of an occurrence at this site. Conservative treatment is suggested for young female patients. PMID:2258592

Gueddana, F; Chemmen Lebbene, L; Lebbi, I; Koubaa, A; Benzined, T; Benjilani, S

1990-01-01

353

Induction of mucin expression by estrogen and lipopolysaccharide in the lower oviductal segments in hens.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mucins play an essential role as mucosal barrier to prevent invasion of pathogens in the oviductal tissue of hens. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of estradiol and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the mucin expression in the lower oviductal segments (vagina and uterus) of hens. The mucosal tissues of the vagina and uterus were collected from White Leghorn laying and molting hens, and molting hens with or without intramuscular injection with 1 mg of estradiol-benzoate (EB) daily for 7 d. Part of these tissues was cultured in TCM-199 culture medium with or without LPS (10, 100, or 1,000 ng/mL) for 1.5 or 3 h. Mucin expression in the mucosa of laying, molting, and EB-treated molting hens (EB-group) and in those tissues cultured with or without LPS was analyzed by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR. Cultured tissues were also processed for paraffin sections and stained with Alcian blue (AB). In both the vagina and uterus, mucin expression and density of AB-positive mucopolysaccharide were reduced in molting hens compared with laying hens, and upregulated by EB. Mucin expression in the cultured vagina and uterus tissues of laying and molting hens was upregulated by LPS in a dose- and time-dependent manner. However, there was no response to LPS for induction of mucin in the tissues of EB-group hens. The mucin expression level in the vagina and uterus tissues stimulated by LPS was lower in the EB-group hens than in laying and molting hens, and that in the uterus was lower in the molting hens than in laying hens. These results suggest that mucin expression is stimulated by LPS in the vagina and uterus of laying and molting hens. Estrogen may upregulate mucin expression in those tissues in association with epithelial development, whereas it may suppress the response to LPS for mucin induction. The mucin expression caused by LPS may enhance mucosal barrier function and play a role in preventing infections by bacteria in the vagina and uterus. PMID:24235231

Ariyadi, B; Isobe, N; Yoshimura, Y

2013-12-01

354

[Vulvovaginal candidiasis in girls (guidelines for a practitioner)].  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many publications on the problems of the vaginal candidiasis treatment. Still, the actuality is in the frequency of the relapses and registration of the pediatric cases. Unfortunately, the majority of the pediatrists prescribe antibiotics but either forget to prescribe the simultaneous use of antifungal drugs, or prescribe nystatin, an antimycotic, that is known to be active only in the intestine lumen. As a result, candidiasis of the stomatopharynx or vagina is developed. Of no less importance is the fact of marketing many generics in Russia, which often prove to be false after their detailed investigation. The paper presents specific characteristics pertaining to the origin and development of vulvovaginal candidiasis in girls and indicates drugs with proved efficacy in normalization of the vagina microbiocenosis in girls. PMID:18464565

Uvarova, E V

2007-01-01

355

Una especie nueva de Smicridea de la Argentina (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) / A new species of Smicridea from Argentina (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish RESUMEN. Se describen el macho y la hembra de una especie nueva de Smicridea (Rhyacophylax) Müller (Hydropsychidae: Smicrideinae), recolectados cerca del Parque Nacional El Palmar, provincia de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Los machos se caracterizan por la presencia de tres puntas en el ápice del falo, un [...] a dorsal y dos laterales, y dos ganchos internos. La hembras se distinguen fácilmente por las características de la vagina y de la placa interna. Abstract in english ABSTRACT. The male and the female of a new species of Smicridea (Rhyacophylax) Müller (Hydropsychidae: Smicrideinae) collected near by El Palmar National Park, Entre Ríos Province, Argentina, are described. The males of this species are characterized by the presence of three points at the apex of th [...] e phallus, one dorsal and two lateral, and two lateral internal hooks. The females are easily distinguished by the characteristics of the vagina and the internal plate.

Julieta V., Sganga.

2005-12-01

356

Ovarian abscess with spontaneous vaginal drainage  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Descreve-se caso raro de abscesso ovariano, como complicação de histerectomia abdominal, e que drenou espontaneamente pela vagina. O tratamento realizado foi ooforectomia. Discute-se as várias formas de abscesso primário do ovário sendo que a pós operatória parece ser a mais comum. É necessário uma [...] manipulação adequada da gônada em cirurgias pélvicas para se evitar a contaminação do estroma, o que propicia a formação do abscesso ovariano. Abstract in english The occurrence of a rare ovarian abscess, spontaneously drained through the vagina after an abdominal hysterectomy is described.The treatment was an oophorectomy.The various forms of primary ovarian abscess are discussed in connection with these observations. This case illustrates the need for adequ [...] ate manipulation of the gonad during pelvic surgery in order to avoid parenchymal contamination and the subsequent formation of such abscesses.

Gustavo A. de, Souza.

1596-15-01

357

A case of vaginal cancer with uterine prolapse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary vaginal cancer combined with uterine prolapse is very rare. We present a case of 80-year-old postmenopausal women complaints of something coming out per vagina for the past 20 years, along with blood stained discharge, foul odor leukorrhea, and severe pelvic pain for the last 3 months. A 4 × 5 cm ulcer was present on middle third of vaginal wall with marked edema and ulceration of surrounding tissue. The prolapse was reduced under intravenous sedation in operating room. On gynecologic examination, uterus was normal in size, no adnexal mass was examined, and both parametrium were thickened. Papanicolaou smear was normal. Biopsy of the ulcer at vaginal wall revealed invasive squamous cell carcinoma of vagina. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of abdomen and pelvis showed left hydronephrosis and liver metastasis. Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) revealed metastasis to lung, liver and iliac bone. She died from progression of disease one month after diagnosis. PMID:25371880

Kim, Hwi-Gon; Song, Yong Jung; Na, Yong Jin; Choi, Ook-Hwan

2013-12-01

358

MR-colpocystorectography. A new dynamic method for assessing pelvic floor descent and prolapse in women  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Introduction of a new method for the dynamic evaluation of genital prolapse by using fast magnetic resonance imaging. Dynamic fast magnetic resonance imaging with pelvic floor contraction, relaxation and straining manoeuvres were performed with volunteers and patients presenting with pelvic descent. The urethra, bladder, vagina and rectum were opacified by using a water of MagnevistR enteral solution. Delineation and movement of the urethra, bladder, uterus, vagina, rectum and small bowel can be shown in a reliable manner. In comparison to dynamic fluoroscopy an equal or superior diagnosis has been achieved in all cases. In comparison to dynamic fluoroscopy MR-Colpocystorectography is a promising new method in assessing pelvic floor descent and prolapse in women. Further studies will have to focus on standardisation and clinical implication. (orig.)

359

Reconstructive surgical management of cryptomenorrhoea because of complete vaginal agenesis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The Vagina is a composite structure formed partly from the mullerian duct and partly from urogential sinus. Most of the patients with mullerian agenesis have small rudimentary uterus without any endometrial cavity, 7% - 8% may have functioning uterus. Case: A 15 years old girl admitted with primary amenorrhea, cyclical abdominal pain, hematometra and complete vaginal agenesis. Surgical correction is the mainstay of treatment in patients with functioning uterus and absent vagina. Vaginoplasty was done to reconstruct a neovagina using amnion graft and establish uterovaginal continuity. In this case we have used only perineal approach to dissect the neovagina and identify the cervix with formation of a patent drainage tract and adequate vaginal length of 9 cm. Conclusion: In rare cases of obstructed functioning uterus by complete vaginal agenesis, vaginoplasty effectively restores anatomy and function by an overall minimal operative morbidity. Human amnion provides excellent results in neovaginal reconstruction.

Krishna Dahiya

2011-12-01

360

Vaginal Smear TNF-alpha, IL18, TLR4, and GATA3 mRNA Levels Correlate with Local Inflammation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: A molecular approach to estimation of local inflammatory response associated with dysbiotic conditions of the vagina is reported. This approach is based on immune response gene transcription levels measured by qPCR assay. Methods and Results: qPCR analysis of 24 immune response gene transcripts in vaginal smears was performed for 215 women with vaginitis and 95 healthy controls. The data were sorted by comparison to local inflammatory response profiles assessed by conventional methods. The local inflammatory response in the vagina is found to correlate with TNF-alpha, IL18, TLR4, and GATA3 transcript levels. Sensitivity and specificity of the approach, as validated in accordance with conventional clinical examination results, are 94.9% and 93.7%, respectively. Conclusions: The noninvasive diagnostic approach to vaginal pathology based solely on its molecular characterization may prove to be clinically relevant.

Olga Bourmenskaya

2014-12-01

361

Imaging features of female pseudohermaphroditism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the imaging features of female pseudohermaphroditism. Methods: The imaging findings in 9 cases of female pseudohermaphroditism were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Thickening, prolongation, and twist of bilateral adrenal glands was found in 7 untreated cases, 2 of them had macronodular hyperplasia. One of the treated cases was without thickening or twist of adrenal glands, the other treated case coexisted with adrenal myelolipoma. Agenesis of the uterus and vagina was found in 4 cases. Conclusion: Female pseudohermaphroditism is a hereditary disease, and the hyperplasia of adrenal glands and agenesis of uterus and vagina were secondary manifestations. Early detection of these abnormalities could be achieved with imaging modalities, and early treatment could result in remedy of these abnormalities. (authors)

362

[Clinical Utility of Pourmedia GBS Agar on Screening for Vaginal Colonization of Group B Streptococcus].  

Science.gov (United States)

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) are normal flora of the vagina and intestinal, but if the pregnant woman was infected with GBS in the vagina, miscarriage or premature would occur or the newborn would be developed to severe GBS infection. It is recommended that the inspection of GBS on all pregnant women by Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We examined the comparison of detection rate between Pourmedia GBS agar (Eiken Chemical Co., Ltd.) and Nissui Separated Plate Sheep Blood Agar/BTB Lactose Agar medium (Nissui Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.) on 112 sample. The positive rate of Pourmedia GBS agar was 21.4% (24/112 samples), Whereas Nissui Separated Plate Sheep Blood Agar/BTB Lactose Agar medium was 17.8% (20/112 samples). It was found that the detection rate was improved by using Pourmedia GBS agar on GBS screening test of vaginal swab. PMID:25537178

Kaneda, Mitsunori; Nagasaki, Hiromi; Tasaki, Megumi; Kamiyama, Kiyoshi

2014-12-15

363

Development of pelvic abscess following water-skiing injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several descriptions of hydrostatic injuries while water-skilng have been described, including lacerations of the perineum, vagina, and cervix. Salpingitis or pelvic abscess resulting from water-skiing injuries are rare but important complications. A case of a pelvic abscess following a fall while water-skiing is described. The abscess was drained laparoscopically, resulting in a good clinical outcome. The mechanism of injury and recommendations for prevention are also presented. Upper genital tract infection may result from water-skiing injuries due to hydrostatic pressure forcing bacteria and water through the vagina and cervix into the endometrium, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cavity. While an uncommon complication, physicians and other practitioners caring for women should be aware of this potential complication from water-skiing. PMID:18476207

Pearlman, M D; Zoschnick, L

1993-01-01

364

Unusual case of posterior vaginal wall cyst  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cystic lesions of vagina are rare and are discovered incidentally during a gynecological examination. A 40 year multiparous woman presented with mass PV since 10 years.  It was insidious in onset, gradually increased to present size of 5.5 x 3.5 x 2.5cms.  Mass was cystic in nature.  Surgical excision of the cyst done under spinal anaesthesia  by sharp and blunt dissection. The cyst was filled with mucoid material and histopathology confirmed a mullerian cyst.  Mullerian cysts are congenital cysts of vagina, reported in reproductive women.  Usually the cysts arise at the level of cervix and extend anteriorly, but unusually they may also extend posteriorly.  This case report illustrates an unusual case of posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin. 

Prathashwini Shetty

2013-03-01

365

Complete tamponade system for management of severe postpartum vaginal haemorrhage due to uterine atony.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 30-year-old, 39?weeks pregnant, multiparous woman with single fetus, attended our obstetric clinic with complete cervical dilation in intractable mentum anterior presentation. The fetus was delivered by caesarean section with vertical uterine incision under general anaesthesia and lithotomy position. After surgery, examination of the vagina revealed multiple, serious tears with severe haemorrhage. Vaginal bleeding could not be controlled by sutures and concurrently uterine atony developed, which could not be controlled with medical treatment. Owing to intractable bleeding from uterus and vagina, a complete tamponade system was used. After the instillation of the uterine balloon with 500?mL and vaginal balloon with 300?mL liquid, the bleeding was controlled. The estimated blood loss was 3200?mL. The vaginal wound healed well during the postoperative 2?weeks. A complete tamponade system may be an effective treatment method for treatment of postpartum haemorrhage owing to vaginal lacerations and uterine atony. PMID:25452297

Atilgan, Remzi; Ozkan, Zehra Sema; Orak, Ugur; Baspinar, Melike

2014-01-01

366

Case of Urethral Foreign Body: IUD Perforation of the Bladder with Calculus Formation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A 28-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department (ED with a chief complaint of strings protruding from her vagina. The patient also complained of recurrent symptoms of cystitis and occasional hematuria over the past five months without resolution after treatment. The patient underwent ED evaluation and was noted to have strings coated in calculus protruding from her urethral meatus. On AP abdominal film a T-shaped intrauterine device (IUD with calculus was noted in the pelvis. By computed tomography (CT scan the object was shown to be extruding from the vagina into the bladder. Of note the patient had a history of IUD use with supposed removal five years prior to presentation. The diagnosis of IUD perforation of the bladder with calculus formation was confirmed by cystoscopy, and the IUD and calculi were successfully removed without complication.

Gillis, Erin

2006-08-01

367

The effect of Lacto- and Bifidobacteria in monoculture on the vaginal microflora in norm and in cases of intravaginal staphylococcosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of probiotic strains of Lactobacillus casei IMV B-7280, Lactobacillus acidophilus IMV B-7279, Bifidobacterium animalis VKL, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus IMV B-7281 and Bifidobacterium animalis VKB, each strain separately, to the range of the urogenital tract microflora in physiological norm and in cases of experimental intravaginal staphylococcosis of mice induced by Staphylococcus aureus 8325-4. It was found that all these strains had different efficiency in Staphylococcus aureus 8325-4 growth suppression in the vagina of infected mice and affect the spectrum of microorganisms. Lactobacillus casei IMV B-7280 strain had effective antistaphylococcal effect and reduced the number of coliform bacteria and fungi in the vagina in cases of intravaginal staphylococcosis of mice. Lactobacillus casei IMV B-7280 strain is promising to create probiotic drugs effective in treating intravaginal staphylococcosis. PMID:23866586

Babenko, L R; Lazarenko, L M; Shynkarenko, L M; Mokrozub, V V; Pidgorskyi, V S; Spivak, M Ja

2013-01-01

368

Large vesico-vaginal fistula caused by a foreign body.  

Science.gov (United States)

Foreign body is a rare cause of vesico-vaginal fistula most often reported in developed countries. In developing countries obstructed labor is the commonest cause of fistula. A nulliparous 19-year-old female presented with a 3-week history of a foreign body in the vagina causing urinary incontinence and offensive vaginal discharge. Her guardian allegedly inserted the foreign body after she refused a pre-arranged marriage. A plastic container was removed from the vagina under general anesthesia. A large vesico-vaginal fistula was discovered, which was successfully surgically repaired. We recommend urgent removal of the foreign body, preferably under general anesthesia. However, if the history or physical examination reveals prolonged exposure, repair of the fistula should be delayed to allow for adequate debridement in order to prevent any life-threatening complications. PMID:24116334

Massinde, An; Kihunrwa, A

2013-07-01

369

Ovarian carcinoma producing parathyroid hormone-related protein causing hypercalcemia and metastatic calcification detected on 18F-FDG PET-CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hypercalcemia is associated with gynecologic malignant diseases, and cases involving various organs such as the uterus, ovaries, vulva, and vagina. This may be due to elevated levels of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP). We describe here two cases of ovarian carcinoma simultaneously producing PTHrP that caused hypercalcemia and metastatic calcification detected on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). (author)

370

Genital Prolaps Fixation in Buffalo  

OpenAIRE

Prolapse of the vagina and cervix is a disorder of ruminants normally in late gestation. Different methods used for prolapsed vagia treatment that Winkler’s cervix fixation is one of them.In this procedure to prevent displacement of the cervix caudally, anchoring it by using nonabsorbable sutures or nylon tape to the prepubic tendon or the sacrosciatic ligaments. Although the technique as being done under caudal epidural anesthesia. A cutting U form needle (10 cm) applicated for sutures of ...

Rahim Beheshti; Kambiz Valiei; Muhammad-Reza Valilu; Jamshid Giasi Ghalekandi

2011-01-01

371

Una especie nueva de Smicridea de la Argentina (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) A new species of Smicridea from Argentina (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae)  

OpenAIRE

RESUMEN. Se describen el macho y la hembra de una especie nueva de Smicridea (Rhyacophylax) Müller (Hydropsychidae: Smicrideinae), recolectados cerca del Parque Nacional El Palmar, provincia de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Los machos se caracterizan por la presencia de tres puntas en el ápice del falo, una dorsal y dos laterales, y dos ganchos internos. La hembras se distinguen fácilmente por las características de la vagina y de la placa interna.ABSTRACT. The male and the female of a new ...

Sganga, Julieta V.

2005-01-01

372

Vaginal hirudiniasis from Dhaherah Province, Oman: With a Note on Internal Hirudiniasis  

OpenAIRE

A 75 years old lady from the Dhaherah Province, Oman, presented at Ibri Hospital, complaining from abnormal vaginal bleeding. Histopathological investigations of a cervical biopsy revealed no atypical features. A worm-like organism was removed from the vagina. Histocytological investigations of the organism revealed typical structures of a leech. The case was identified as vaginal hirudiniasis, probably due to Limnatis nilotica that necessitated a note on internal hirudiniasis.

Idris, Mohamed A.

2006-01-01

373

Liquen plano oral y síndrome vulvovaginal-gingival: A propósito de un caso Lichen planus and vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome: Clinical case  

OpenAIRE

El liquen plano es una enfermedad mucocutánea crónica común, que afecta habitualmente a la mucosa oral, pero que en ocasiones otras mucosas como la vaginal pueden también afectarse. Sin embargo, la afectación concomitante de las mucosas oral y vaginal, conocida como síndrome vulvovaginal-gingival del liquen plano es una manifestación poco común, caracterizada por erosión y descamación en la vulva, vagina y encías. Debido a la posibilidad de afectación de otras mucosas así como la...

Alonso Rosado, A.; Herna?ndez Herna?ndez, E.; Mateos Rodri?guez, R.; Pe?rez Go?mez, R. M.; Bascones Marti?nez, A.

2010-01-01

374

Diagnose und Therapie erworbener Vaginalstenosen  

OpenAIRE

Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, einen systematischen Überblick über Ursachen und Behandlung erworbener Vaginalstenosen zu geben und die Evidenzstärke therapeutisch/prophylaktischer Massnahmen zu bewerten. Wie schon Richter zitiert (Richter und Terruhn 1982) sehen Frauen weniger im Uterus als in der Scheide ihre Weiblichkeit verkörpert. Es wird deutlich, dass nicht-kongenitale Verengungen der Vagina bei betroffenen Frauen zu erheblichen Störungen der physischen und psychischen Integr...

Stosius, Peter

2002-01-01

375

Immunoreactivities to protein gene product 9.5, neurofilament protein and neuron specific enolase in nerves in the oviduct of the sexually immature ostrich, Struthio camelus  

OpenAIRE

The present study investigated the distribution of nerves in the oviduct of the sexually immature ostrich. The presence of protein gene product 9.5, neurofilament protein and neuron specific enolase nerve fibres were demonstrated in the infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, shell gland and vagina. Nerve fibres containing protein gene product 9.5, neuron specific enolase and neurofilament protein were particularly numerous in the tunica muscularis and...

M-c, Madekurozwa

2010-01-01

376

Postcoital Transvaginal Evisceration After Hysterectomy: a Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Transvaginal evisceration is mostly seen at postmenopausal period in a case who had vaginal operation and at premenopausal period it ensues postcoitally after hysterectomy. A 47 year old patient presented to emergency department with a complaint of intestinal herniation through vagina after coitus that had total abdominal histerectomy two months ago. The patient was emergently operated. Her vaginal cuff was sutured transvaginally then laparoscopic irrigation and suction were performed. Althou...

Og?uz Hasdemir, A.; Önder Koç; Oktay Büyüka??k; Cavit Çöl; Hayri Erkol

2012-01-01

377

An Overview of Neovaginal Reconstruction Options in Male to Female Transsexuals  

OpenAIRE

Transsexualism is a complex condition in which the person experiences the inconsistency between the desired gender and their biological gender. Absence of the vagina is devastating in male to female transsexuals. Creation of the neovagina is the main surgical problem in these patients. Historically, beginnings of the neovaginal creation have their roots in the treatment of Mayer-Rokitansky syndrome and conditions such as cloacal anomalies, certain intersex disorders, vaginal malignancies, or ...

Marta Bizic; Vladimir Kojovic; Dragana Duisin; Dusan Stanojevic; Svetlana Vujovic; Aleksandar Milosevic; Gradimir Korac; Djordjevic, Miroslav L.

2014-01-01

378

Carcinoma de células escamosas em língua pós-transplante de medula óssea por Anemia de Fanconi Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue due to Fanconi's Anemia after bone marrow transplantation  

OpenAIRE

Anemia Fanconi (AF) é uma síndrome autossômica recessiva, caracterizada por pancitopenia progressiva com hipoplasia de MO, em associação com várias anormalidades constitucionais, tendo como único recurso terapêutico com possibilidade potencial de cura o transplante de medula óssea, e sendo tais pacientes propensos ao desenvolvimento de malignidades hematológicas e carcinoma de células escamosas (CEC) em diversos locais: reto, vagina, cérvice, esôfago, cavidade bucal, faringe ou p...

Ricardo Pasquini; Neto, Jose? Z.; Medeiros, Carlos R.; Bitencourt, Marco A.; Bonfim, Carmem M. S.; Moreira, Vaneuza A.; Setu?bal, Daniela C.; Flowers, Mary E. D.; Elcio Kupka; Arau?jo, Marcos V.

2003-01-01

379

Carcinoma de células escamosas em língua pós-transplante de medula óssea por Anemia de Fanconi  

OpenAIRE

Anemia Fanconi (AF) é uma síndrome autossômica recessiva, caracterizada por pancitopenia progressiva com hipoplasia de MO, em associação com várias anormalidades constitucionais, tendo como único recurso terapêutico com possibilidade potencial de cura o transplante de medula óssea, e sendo tais pacientes propensos ao desenvolvimento de malignidades hematológicas e carcinoma de células escamosas (CEC) em diversos locais: reto, vagina, cérvice, esôfago, cavidade bucal, faringe ou p...

Pasquini Ricardo; Neto José Z.; Medeiros Carlos R. de; Bitencourt Marco A.; Bonfim Carmem M. S.; Moreira Vaneuza A.; Setúbal Daniela C.; Flowers Mary E. D.; Kupka Elcio; Araújo Marcos V.

2003-01-01

380

MICROMEDEX Scientific Terms - IC Term Spreadsheet 01-2013  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal pain Gastrointestinal Pain Pain in belly If not rolled up or combined write "belly pain" Abdominal pain (colorectal cancer (monotherapy)) Gastrointestinal Pain Pain in belly If not rolled up or combined write "belly pain" Abnormal liver function Hepatic Blank Abnormal vaginal bleeding Reproductive Vaginal bleeding If combined with "Bleeding from multiple sites" write "Bleeding from multiple sites including the vagina" Abnormal vision Ophthalmic Blurred vision Can be omitted if "Blurred vision with chance of blindness is listed.

381

Cesarean Section and Right Femur Fracture: A Rare but Possible Complication for Breech Presentation  

OpenAIRE

Background. The breech extraction of the fetus through the vagina has a greater risk of hip fracture compared with the extraction by abdominal route. Case. A 2390 g female infant was delivered at 39 weeks by elective cesarean section for breech presentation. The newborn sustained a fracture of the right femur. A simple immobilization of the limb in extension led to a complete healing of the fracture without sequelae. Conclusion. Caesarean delivery reduces the risk of caus...

Giampiero Capobianco; Giuseppe Virdis; Pietro Lisai; Claudio Cherchi; Ornella Biasetti; Francesco Dessole; Giovanni Battista Meloni

2013-01-01

382

Experimental transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi through the genitalia of albino mice  

OpenAIRE

Trypanosoma cruzi is usually transmitted by contact with the excreta of infected Triatominae; among non-vectorial infections, direct transmission through coitus has been proposed. We investigated this possibility by instilling, through the external meatus of the vagina and the penis of previously anesthetized NMRI albino mice, blood of mice infected with strains isolated from Didelphis marsupialis (opossum, strain CO57), Rattus rattus (rat, strain CO22) and human (strain EP). Some animals wer...

Leidi Herrera; Servio Urdaneta-Morales

2001-01-01

383

A rare presentation of hydatid cyst.  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT Hydatid disease, although known to occur in most body areas, is extremely rare in the female reproductive system. There are different modes of presentation for the disease; however, we report and discuss a case presented with cystic vesicles passing through the vagina, which is considered as a rare presentation for secondary involvement of the uterus and both ovaries. We confirmed diagnosis with radiological examinations and serological tests. We operated o...

Nuran Sabir; Basak Yildirim; Banu Cetin; Mustafa Sengul; Erkan Alatas

2005-01-01

384

BREED DIFFERENCES IN SEVERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BULL FROZEN-THAWED SPERM  

OpenAIRE

A number of factors influencing bull fertility are identified including scrotal circumference, sperm morphology, motility, mating ability, age, body condition and the breed of the bull. This study was aimed at comparison of some sperm characteristics in Czech Fleckvieh (n= 8) and Holstein (n= 8) bulls at the age of 1 to 6 years. Samples of ejaculate were obtained from each bull using an artificial vagina. After determination of pathologic sperm (staining with Congo red, Bromothymol blue and J...

Makarevich, Alexander V.; Eliška Špaleková; Lud?k Stádník; Elena Kubovi?ová; František Louda

2013-01-01

385

Comparative study of some local therapeutics for endometritis in cows  

OpenAIRE

The present study was conducted on 57 local breed cows suffering from various degrees of endometritis. The clinical examination included visual examination of vagina supported by uterine palpation per rectum; the laboratory examination included the bacterial isolation from the uterine swabs and histopathological examination of the uterine biopsies. Animals were randomly divided in to three groups of 15 cows each and 12 cows were considered as a control group received no treatment and observed...

Basheer, E. B.; Taha, M. B.

2008-01-01

386

Prevención del prolapso genital en histerectomía abdominal utilizando los ligamentos redondos: Experiencia personal  

OpenAIRE

Objetivo: Prevenir el prolapso de la cúpula vaginal, empleando una técnica peroperatoria que consiste en fijar la cúpula vaginal a los ligamentos redondos, en el momento de realizar la intervención. Métodos: Realizada la histerectomía, se procedió al cierre de la cúpula vaginal con puntos separados en número de 6 a 8 con material no absorbible, dependiendo de la amplitud de la vagina. Los cabos distales son utilizados para anudar horizontalmente los ligamentos redondos. La fijación ...

Farith Atías

2010-01-01

387

Diseño, construcción y uso de aplicador vaginal intracavitario multicanal periférico para braquiterapia / Design, construction, and use of peripheral multichannel intracavitary vaginal applicator for brachytherapy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La braquiterapia vaginal intracavitaria es frecuentemente administrada con aplicadores cilíndricos de un solo canal con fuentes HDR. El cilindro multicanal (8 canales) vaginal intracavitario permite el tratamiento preferencial de una parte de la mucosa vaginal, se se desarrolla para perfeccionar y a [...] mpliar la capacidad de la braquiterapia intracavitaria. El aplicador permite activar los canales que se entienden útiles, con longitudes variables, para irradiar volúmenes blancos de la vagina, evitando sobreirradiar las regiones sanas. Se obtiene un gradiente de dosis en la superficie del aplicador vaginal multicanal periférico favorable al tratamiento de lesiones superficiales de la mucosa vaginal, con lo que se disminuye las dosis de recto en el orden del 12 %. Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de demostrar la utilidad del uso de aplicadores multicanales en vagina y recto, se expresaron los resultados de la construcción de aplicadores y sus características Abstract in english The intracavitary vaginal brachytherapy is often administered using single-channel cylindrical applicators with HDR sources. The intracavitary vaginal multichannel cylinder (8 channels) allows the preferential treatment of a part of the vaginal mucosa, and it is developed to improve and to widen the [...] intracavitary brachytherapy capacity. The applicator makes possible to activate channels considered useful, with variable lengths, to irradiate the target volumes of the vagina, avoiding the overirradiation of the healthy regions. A dose gradient is achieved in the surface of the peripheral multichannel vaginal applicator favouring the treatment of the superficial injuries of the vaginal mucosa, dropping the dose of the rectum by 12 %. This study was undertaken to demonstrate the usefulness of the multichannel applicators in the vagina and rectum. The results of the construction of applicators and their characteristics were explained

Manuel, Vega Hernández; Rodolfo, Alfonso Laguardia.

2006-12-01

388

UTILIZAÇÃO DE GLICEROL E ETILENOGLICOL COMO CRIOPROTETORES NA CONGELAÇÃO DO SÊMEN CAPRINO  

OpenAIRE

Dez amostras de sêmen de dois reprodutores caprinos, da raça Parda-alpina, colhidas em vagina artificial, foram submetidas a quatro tratamentos para avaliação da eficiência do etilenoglicol e do glicerol, associados ou não ao EDTA, na criopreservação da célula espermática caprina. O diluente usado era à base de Tris-gema de ovo contendo 7% de glicerol (glicerol E glicerol+EDTA) ou 7% de etilenoglicol (etilenoglicol e etilenoglicol + EDTA), sendo que nos grupos glicerol+EDTA e etile...

Ana Paula Portela; Marcos Chalhoub; Rafael Bruno Santos Teixeira; Rogério Furst; Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos; Antônio de Lisboa Ribeiro; Rodrigo Freitas Bittencourt; Sidney Gonçalves Gonzalez Alves; Ana Karine Almeida; José Domingos Guimarães

2006-01-01

389

Síndrome de flujo vaginal Vaginal discharge syndrome  

OpenAIRE

INTRODUCCIÓN: El Síndrome de flujo vaginal es un proceso infeccioso de la vagina caracterizado por uno o varios síntomas: leucorrea, prurito vulvar, ardor, irritación, disuria, dispareunia y fetidez vaginal. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar el Síndrome de flujo vaginal y su relación con las conductas sexuales de riesgo, los gérmenes más frecuentes y sus características e identificar el grupo etario en que predomina, en un consultorio médico de Barrio Adentro I de la parroquia Sucre, municipi...

Emilio Vidal Borras; Crispina Justa Ugarte Rodríguez

2010-01-01

390

Hallazgo de una leucorrea vaginal de carácter no inflamatoria en hembras bovinas. I. Examen macroscópico y microscópico (Finding of a vaginal leucorrhea of non-inflammatory character in bovine females. I. Macroscopic and microscopic examination)  

OpenAIRE

Con el objetivo de demostrar la existencia de una leucorrea vaginal no inflamatoria en hembras bovinas, se examinaron macroscópicamente los órganos genitales de 350 novillas y 800 vacas Cebú comercial y mestizas Holstein x Cebú sacrificadas en el matadero. Se colectaron secreciones leucorréicas en las vaginas o cuernos uterinos del 12 y 20% de las novillas y vacas respectivamente. Ninguno de los órganos genitales de estos animales mostraron signos de inflamación en sus mucosas. El exam...

Luis O. Alba Gómez,; Guadalupe Hernández Breto; Silveira Prado, Enrique A.; Eduardo Cruz Muñoz; Maroto Marti?n, Luis O.

2005-01-01

391

Importancia de algunos medios auxiliares de diagnóstico en la enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica aguda Importance of some diagnostic aids in the acute pelvic inflammatory disease  

OpenAIRE

INTRODUCCIÓN. Hoy día la enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica aguda se considera un síndrome clínicamente atribuido al paso ascendente de microorganismos desde la vagina al cérvix, hasta el endometrio y las trompas de Falopio, y que es capaz de diseminarse a las estructuras vecinas. Fueron objetivos de esta publicación conocer el comportamiento de la enfermedad, la eficiencia de algunos medios y procedimientos diagnósticos y el comportamiento de las pruebas hematológicas e identificar los...

Pastor Villavicencio Crespo; Casadevall Gala?n, Ine?s M.; Castillo Naranjo, Ivis M.; María Isabel Rojas Gispert

2008-01-01

392

Development of a Sperm Preparation Method for Artificial Insemination in Rabbits  

OpenAIRE

A novel method of sperm preparation by direct collection from the cauda epididymis and vas deferens of male rabbits is suggested and validated for improved artificial insemination efficiency in rabbits. Although, conventional methods in which sperm for artificial insemination are prepared using an artificial vagina have been well established in many laboratories due to its benefits over natural mating, this new method eliminates the existing disadvantages of the conventional semen preparation...

Hee Yi; Soo-Min Cho; Myeong-Kyu Park; Jin-Sik Cho; You-Seok Kim; Wook-Joon Yu; Jeong-Sup Hong; Hee-Jung Cho; Ho-Chul Shin

2012-01-01

393

Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture May be Effective for Treating Sexual Dysfunction  

OpenAIRE

Sexual dysfunction (SD) is a health problem which occurs during any phase of the sexual response cycle that keeps the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. SD covers a wide variety of symptoms like in men, erectile dysfunction and premature or delayed ejaculation, in women, spasms of the vagina and pain with sexual intercourse, in both sexes, sexual desire and response. And pharmacopuncture, i.e. injection of subclinical doses of drugs, mostly herb medi...

Pavel Lee; Junsang Yu

2014-01-01

394

Mouse Estrous Cycle Identification Tool and Images  

OpenAIRE

The efficiency of producing timed pregnant or pseudopregnant mice can be increased by identifying those in proestrus or estrus. Visual observation of the vagina is the quickest method, requires no special equipment, and is best used when only proestrus or estrus stages need to be identified. Strain to strain differences, especially in coat color can make it difficult to determine the stage of the estrous cycle accurately by visual observation. Presented here are a series of images of the vagi...

Byers, Shannon L.; Wiles, Michael V.; Dunn, Sadie L.; Taft, Robert A.

2012-01-01

395

Anti-Adhesion Activity of A2-type Proanthocyanidins (a Cranberry Major Component) on Uropathogenic E. coli and P. mirabilis Strains  

OpenAIRE

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are relatively common in women and may be classified as uncomplicated or complicated, depending upon the urinary tract anatomy and physiology. Acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) occurs when urinary pathogens from the bowel or vagina colonize the periurethral mucosa and reach the bladder. The vast majority of episodes in healthy women involving the same bacterial strain that caused the initial infection are thought to be reinfections. About 90% of AUC are caused...

Daria Nicolosi; Gianna Tempera; Carlo Genovese; Furneri, Pio M.

2014-01-01

396

Trichomonas vaginalis is highly prevalent in adolescent girls, pregnant women, and commercial sex workers in Ndola, Zambia  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of Trichomonas sp. infection among adolescent girls, pregnant women, and commercial sex workers in Ndola, Zambia. METHODS:: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 460 girls attending school, 307 pregnant women, and 197 commercial sex workers. Self-collected specimens from the vagina, rectum, and mouth were tested by polymerase chain amplification assays for the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis, Pentatrichomonas hominis, and T...

Crucitti, T.; Jespers, V.; Mulenga, C.; Khondowe, S.; Vandepitte, J.; Buve?, A.

2010-01-01

397

A Case of Vaginal Cancer with Uterine Prolapse  

OpenAIRE

Primary vaginal cancer combined with uterine prolapse is very rare. We present a case of 80-year-old postmenopausal women complaints of something coming out per vagina for the past 20 years, along with blood stained discharge, foul odor leukorrhea, and severe pelvic pain for the last 3 months. A 4 × 5 cm ulcer was present on middle third of vaginal wall with marked edema and ulceration of surrounding tissue. The prolapse was reduced under intravenous sedation in operating room. On gynecologi...

Kim, Hwi-gon; Song, Yong Jung; Na, Yong Jin; Choi, Ook-hwan

2013-01-01

398

Evaluation of SHOX copy number variations in patients with Müllerian aplasia  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Müllerian aplasia (MA) characterized by congenital loss of functional uterus and vagina is one of the most difficult disorders of female reproductive health. Despite of growing interest in this research field, the cause of the disorder for the majority of patients is still unknown. A recent report of partial SHOX duplications in five patients with MA has motivated us to further evaluate their role in the disorder. Therefore we have studied SH...

Jokimaa Varpu; Halttunen Mervi; Sandbacka Maria; Aittomäki Kristiina; Laivuori Hannele

2011-01-01

399

Accessory Reproductive Organs Dimension of Two Species of Giant African Land Snails Archachatina marginata and Achatina achatina at Three Liveweight Ranges  

OpenAIRE

A comparative study of the reproductive tract of two species of Giant African Land Snails, Archachatina marginata and Achatina achatina was carried out. Three groups of snails weighing 80-100,101-150 and 151-250 g were used in a 2x3 factorial design, with 5 replicates, involving a total of 30 snails. Dimensions and weights of retractor penile muscle, vas deferens, penis, vagina, oviduct, spermotheca, common duct, albumen gland and little hermaphrodite duct were taken. Res...

Abiona, J. A.; Osinowo, O. A.; Eruvbetine, D.; Abioja, M. O.; Smith, O. F.; Daramola, J. O.; Ladokun, A. O.; James, I. J.; Abe, O. S.; Onagbesan, O. M.

2012-01-01

400

Bilateral synovial chondromatosis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint: a report case  

OpenAIRE

Synovial chondromatosis is a rare pathology of unknown aetiology. It originates from the chondroid metaplasia of the connective tissue of the synovial membrane. Consequently, cartilaginous nodules develop in the affected joints, first calcifying and then ossifying. The bursae mucosae, the vaginae tendinis and the para-articular connective tissue are less frequently affected. The most common locations of this pathology are the knee, the hip, the shoulder, the elbow and the ankle. The small art...

Stecco, C.; Moro, S.; Taglialavoro, G.; Pennelli, N.

2011-01-01

401

Vaginal dose point reporting in cervical cancer patients treated with combined 2D/3D external beam radiotherapy and 2D/3D brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background and purpose: Traditionally, vaginal dose points have been defined at the vaginal source level, thus not providing dose information for the entire vagina. Since reliable vaginal dose volume/surface histograms are unavailable, a strategy for comprehensive vaginal dose reporting for combined EBRT and BT was established and investigated. Material and methods: An anatomical vaginal reference point was defined at the level of the Posterior–Inferior Border of Symphysis (PIBS), plus two points ±2 cm (mid/introitus vagina). For BT extra points were selected for the upper vagina at 12/3/6/9 o’clock, at the vaginal surface and 5 mm depth. A vaginal reference length (VRL) was defined from ring centre to PIBS. Fifty-nine patients treated for cervical cancer were included in this retrospective feasibility study. Results: The method was applicable to all patients. Total EQD2 doses at PIBS and ±2 cm were 36.7 Gy (3.1–68.2), 49.6 Gy (32.1–89.6) and 4.3 Gy (1.0–46.6). At the vaginal surface at ring level doses were respectively 266.1 Gy (67.6–814.5)/225.9 Gy (61.5–610.5) at 3/9 o’clock, and 85.1 Gy (55.4–140.3)/72.0 Gy (49.1–108.9) at 12/6 o’clock. Mean VRL on MRI was 5.6 cm (2.0–9.4). Conclusions: With this novel system, a comprehensive reporting of vaginal doses is feasible. The present study has demonstrated large dose variations between patients observed in all parts of the vagina, resulting from different contributions from EBRT and BT

402

Development of HIV-1 Rectal-Specific Microbicides and Colonic Tissue Evaluation  

OpenAIRE

The gastrointestinal tract is structurally and functionally different from the vagina. Thus, the paradigm of topical microbicide development and evaluation has evolved to include rectal microbicides (RMs). Our interest was to create unique RM formulations to safely and effectively deliver antiretroviral drugs to mucosal tissue. RMs were designed to include those that spread and coat all surfaces of the rectum and distal colon rapidly (liquid) and those that create a deformable, erodible barri...

Dezzutti, Charlene S.; Russo, Julie; Wang, Lin; Abebe, Kaleab Z.; Li, Jie; Friend, David R.; Mcgowan, Ian M.; Rohan, Lisa C.

2014-01-01

403

Neo-bladder vaginal fistula: An unusual complication after orthotopic urinary diversion  

OpenAIRE

Development of neo-bladder vaginal fistula is not an unknown complication after cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion in females. Compared to native bladder, the wall of the neo-bladder is much thinner that may render it vulnerable to fistulization. Injury to the vagina during cystectomy is the most important predisposing factor. Herein, we present a case of neo-bladder va-ginal fistula and discuss the potential surgical and clinical factors contributing to its occurrence as well as the...

Kumar Abhay; Das Suren; Trivedi Sameer; Dwivedi Udai; Singh Pratap

2009-01-01

404

A Case of Endometriosis in Episiotomy Scar with Anal Sphincter Involvement  

OpenAIRE

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue apart from its usual location (endometrium). It is the second most prevalent benign gynecologic disease after the presence of fibroids in women of childbearing age (incidence of 10% - 25%). Endometriosis predominantly locates on peritoneal surfaces, but it also affects the vagina, vulva, recto-vaginal septum and perineum, usually secondary to surgical or obstetric trauma. We present a case of a patient with perineal endometriosis ...

Beatriz Ruiz de Gauna; David Rodriguez; Sergi Cabré; Justo Callejo

2011-01-01

405

Culling practices of Ontario cow-calf producers.  

OpenAIRE

This study describes the distribution of herd culling rates for 123 Ontario cow-calf herds maintaining individual animal records. Associations between culling and factors at both the individual and herd level were examined. In addition, the relative importance of individual animal and herd level influences on culling were investigated. The following individual cow culling risk factors: nonpregnancy, age, weaning weight index, calf outcome, abortion, prolapsed vagina, prolapsed uterus, calving...

Mcdermott, J. J.; Allen, O. B.; Martin, S. W.

1992-01-01

406

An Unusual Case of Cervical Tuberculosis  

OpenAIRE

Tuberculosis of the cervix is a rare disease and accounts to 0.1 – 0.65% of all cases of tuberculosis and 5 – 24 % of genital tract tuberculosis. We present an unusual case of 40 years old lady who presented with irregular bleeding per vagina and foul smelling white discharge for 1 year. Per speculum examination revealed an unhealthy looking cervix which bled on touch. A clinical diagnosis of carcinoma cervix was made. However, cervix biopsy revealed granulomatous lesion suggestive of tub...

Joshi, Prashant S.; Vijay Shankar S,; Pushpee Sinha

2011-01-01

407

Tapeworms of the Chaco Boreal, Paraguay, with two new species.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mathevotaenia paraguayae sp. n. is described from Euphractus sexcinctus. It differs from M. didelphidis (Rud.) in having a transverse cirrus pouch anterior to the vagina. Monoecocestus mackiewiczi sp. n. was found in Phyllotis sp. It differs from M. parcitesticulatus Rego in having a much smaller scolex, a poral ovary, and a cirrus pouch 360 to 440 micrometers long. Other species reported are Taenia macrocystis, Taenia omissa, Spirometra mansonoides, Spirometra gracilis, Spirometra longicollis, Diphyllobothrium trinitatis, Atriotaenia parva, and Mathevotaenia tetragonocephala. PMID:722040

Schmidt, G D; Martin, R L

1978-09-01

408

Californium Cf-252 for pelvic radiotherapy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Clinical data about therapy concerning tumors of the female gynecological cancers of the cervix, vagina and uterus are reviewed. Dosimetric, laboratory and radiobiological research data form the basis for an approach to such tumors using Cf-252 as a form of boost brachytherapy. Extreme personnel hazards are a real and important consideration and indicate that maximal containment and isolation procedures should be exercised in its use.

Maruyama, Y.; Feola, J.M.; Tai, D.; Wilson, L.C.; Van Nagell, J.R.; Yoneda, J.

1978-01-01

409

Regional Differences in Rat Vaginal Smooth Muscle Contractility and Morphology  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study was to define the regional differences in rat vaginal smooth muscle contractility and morphology. We evaluated circumferential segments from the proximal, middle, and distal rat vagina (n = 21) in vitro. Contractile responses to carbachol, phenylephrine, potassium chloride, and electrical field stimulation (EFS) were measured. Immunohistochemical analyses were also performed. The dose–response curves for carbachol- and phenylephrine-dependent contractions were di...

Skoczylas, Laura C.; Jallah, Zegbeh; Sugino, Yoshio; Stein, Suzan E.; Feola, Andrew; Yoshimura, Naoki; Moalli, Pamela

2013-01-01

410

Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in the Urinary Tract  

OpenAIRE

Midstream urine samples from 106 patients presenting to the Casualty Department of The Royal Melbourne Hospital with frequency or dysuria were cultured for Gardnerella vaginalis and conventional uropathogens. Urine samples collected via an open-end catheter from 70 healthy pregnant women were examined similarly. Midstream urine and other samples, including the seminal fluids and swabs of the mouths, throats, rectums, and vaginas of 33 healthy subjects, were cultured for G. vaginalis. Another ...

1989-01-01

411

Effect of post-insemination progesterone supplementation on pregnancy rate in dairy cows  

OpenAIRE

Progesterone plays an important role in maintenance of pregnancy. It is hypothesized that insufficient progesterone early in pregnancy may result in embryonic loss, and that supplemental progesterone would decrease pregnancy loss in dairy cows. In Experiment 1, 84 cows and 16 heifers from a single dairy operation were selected randomly. Within each age category, controlled internal drug release (CIDR) devices were inserted into the vagina of every other female on Day 4 post-insemination and r...

Arndt, Wendy J.; Holle, Andrew J.; Bauer, Marc L.; Kirsch, James D.; Schimek, Daniel E.; Odde, Kenneth G.; Vonnahme, Kimberly A.

2009-01-01

412

EFFECT OF ANTIBIOTICS IN EXTENDER ON FERTILITY OF LIQUID BUFFALO BULL SEMEN  

OpenAIRE

This study was carried out to determine if a new antibiotic combination comprising of gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (GTLS) in extender is suitable for improvement in fertility of liquid buffalo bull semen through artificial insemination (AI). Two consecutive ejaculates per week (4 weeks) were collected from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of known fertility by using artificial vagina. The pooled ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with skimmed milk extender (37oC; 10x106 motile sp...

S Akhter, M. Sajjad

2007-01-01

413

Ovarian radiation dose during dynamic cystourethrography using videorecording and photofluorography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The ovarian radiation dose in dynamic cystourethrography was estimated by thermoluminescence dosimetry in a phantom and in 26 patients. The urodynamic examination technique was standardized and included fluoroscopy with videorecording and rapid sequence 100 mm fluorography. The examination was performed in the lateral position with dosimeters in the vagina, uterine cavity and rectum. The total dose in the midline was 13 mGy per examination, which compares with 12 mGy in urography.

Westby, M.; Sandbu, J.; Jahren, R.; Asmussen, M.

414

Tumor de la vulva, vulvectomía radical Vulvar tumor, total vulvectomy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los tumores de la vulva no son una rareza entre los cánceres que afectan a las féminas, pero tampoco son de los más frecuentes. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 59 años, que en el año 2000 se le diagnostica carcinoma epidermoide del clítoris, en 2004 se vuelve a intervenir por recidiva tumoral, y en 2009 acude a nuestra consulta nuevamente y es cuando se decide realizarle vulvectomía y resección de vagina y todo el sistema ginecológico. Concluyó la intervención con una talla vesical extraperitoneal. El tumor se extiende hasta la porción inicial de la vagina y uretra. Se trata de un tumor maligno, bien diferenciado, que se ha comportado en una forma no habitual, con recidivas locales, cuando en apariencia el tumor había sido resecado en toda su extensión, y en esta última oportunidad, a pesar de ser un estadio avanzado, no hemos encontrado metástasis ni multicentricidad del tumor. La evolución posoperatoria fue sin complicaciones y se dio de alta al quinto día.The vulvar tumors are not uncommon among the different types of cancer involving females, but neither are the more frequent ones. This is the case of a female aged 59 that in 2000 is diagnosed with epidermoid carcinoma of clitoris, in 2004 is re-operated on by tumor relapse, and in 2009 she came again to our consultation and a vulvectomy, vagina resection and all gynecological system are carried out. Intervention concluded with an extraperitoneal vesical cutting. The tumor extends up to the initial portion of vagina and urethra. It is a malignant and well-differentiated tumor behaved in non habitual way with local relapses, when apparently the tumor was resected in all its extent, and in this last change, despite and advanced stage, there were neither tumor metastases nor multi-centralization. The postoperative course was free of complications receiving the discharge at fifth day.

Asbel Alfredo Vicente de la Cruz

2011-09-01

415

Tumor de la vulva, vulvectomía radical / Vulvar tumor, total vulvectomy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los tumores de la vulva no son una rareza entre los cánceres que afectan a las féminas, pero tampoco son de los más frecuentes. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 59 años, que en el año 2000 se le diagnostica carcinoma epidermoide del clítoris, en 2004 se vuelve a intervenir por recidiva tumoral, y [...] en 2009 acude a nuestra consulta nuevamente y es cuando se decide realizarle vulvectomía y resección de vagina y todo el sistema ginecológico. Concluyó la intervención con una talla vesical extraperitoneal. El tumor se extiende hasta la porción inicial de la vagina y uretra. Se trata de un tumor maligno, bien diferenciado, que se ha comportado en una forma no habitual, con recidivas locales, cuando en apariencia el tumor había sido resecado en toda su extensión, y en esta última oportunidad, a pesar de ser un estadio avanzado, no hemos encontrado metástasis ni multicentricidad del tumor. La evolución posoperatoria fue sin complicaciones y se dio de alta al quinto día. Abstract in english The vulvar tumors are not uncommon among the different types of cancer involving females, but neither are the more frequent ones. This is the case of a female aged 59 that in 2000 is diagnosed with epidermoid carcinoma of clitoris, in 2004 is re-operated on by tumor relapse, and in 2009 she came aga [...] in to our consultation and a vulvectomy, vagina resection and all gynecological system are carried out. Intervention concluded with an extraperitoneal vesical cutting. The tumor extends up to the initial portion of vagina and urethra. It is a malignant and well-differentiated tumor behaved in non habitual way with local relapses, when apparently the tumor was resected in all its extent, and in this last change, despite and advanced stage, there were neither tumor metastases nor multi-centralization. The postoperative course was free of complications receiving the discharge at fifth day.

Asbel Alfredo, Vicente de la Cruz; Maribel Lissette, Vicente Medina; Ada Hilda, de la Concepción de la Peña.

2011-09-01

416

Correlation Between Api 50 Ch and Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Vaginal Lactobacilli in Isolates  

OpenAIRE

Identification of Lactobacillus sp. strains by phenotypic methods may lead to doubtful results possibly interfering in the reliability of the epidemiological and probiotics studies. Therefore this study aimed to determine the best methodology for the identification of the large diversity of lactobacilli species found in the vagina by comparing two techniques, one based on their biochemical profile and other employing molecular biology. A carbohydrate fermentation test (API 50 CH) was compared...

Eliane Melo Brolazo; Domingos Silva Leite; Monique Ribeiro Tiba; Marina Villarroel; Camila Marconi; Jose Antonio Simoes

2011-01-01

417

Ultrasonography as a tool for monitoring pregnancy in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and quantification of the endometrial echotexture during embryonic diapause (eD) using computer-assisted greyscale analysis  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to characterise eD in the roe deer using non invasive transrectal ultrasonography. Females were monitored continuously during their breeding season to identify morphological changes of the genital tract and to assess embryonic and foetal development following implantation. Postmortem examinations ex situ and in situ were performed prioe to in vivo examinations in order to describe the sonomorphology of vagina, cervix, non gravid uterus and ovary. Ovarian and uterine ...

Hermes, Robert

2010-01-01

418

Revised Terminology for Cervical Histopathology and Its Implications for Management of High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix  

OpenAIRE

In March 2012, the College of American Pathologists and American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, in collaboration with 35 stakeholder organizations, convened a consensus conference called the Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology (LAST) Project. The recommendations of this project include using a uniform, two-tiered terminology to describe the histology of human papillomavirus-associated squamous disease across all anogenital tract tissues: vulva, vagina, cervix, penis, perianu...

Waxman, Alan G.; Chelmow, David; Darragh, Teresa M.; Lawson, Herschel; Moscicki, Anna-barbara

2012-01-01

419

Development and Validation of a Semiquantitative, Multitarget PCR Assay for Diagnosis of Bacterial Vaginosis  

OpenAIRE

Quantitative PCR assays were developed for 4 organisms reported previously to be useful positive indicators for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV)—Atopobium vaginae, Bacterial Vaginosis-Associated Bacterium 2 (BVAB-2), Gardnerella vaginalis, and Megasphaera-1—and a single organism (Lactobacillus crispatus) that has been implicated as a negative indicator for BV. Vaginal samples (n = 169), classified as positive (n = 108) or negative (n = 61) for BV based on a combination of the Nug...

Cartwright, Charles P.; Lembke, Bryndon D.; Ramachandran, Kalpana; Body, Barbara A.; Nye, Melinda B.; Rivers, Charles A.; Schwebke, Jane R.

2012-01-01

420

The Effect of Glycerolisation Time on the Sperm Motility of Local Ram Frozen Semen Diluted in Tris Egg Yolk Extender  

OpenAIRE

The aims of this experiment was to obtain the effects of different time of glycerolisation on the quality of frozen ram semen diluted in Tris Egg Yolk (TEY). Semen from seven sexually mature local rams were collected using artificial vagina weekly, evaluated macroscopically and microscopically. Good quality semen then diluted with TEY and 6% glycerol added in three different periods. The first step was diluted in room temperature ( treatment 1), the second glycerolisation was at the en...

Laswardi Yusuf, T.; Ri, Arifiantini; Mulyadi, Y.

2006-01-01

421

Influence of addition of different antibiotics in semen diluent on viable bacterial count and spermatozoal viability of Awassi ram semen  

OpenAIRE

The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of six different antibiotics in controlling the growth of semen contaminating bacteria and if these antibiotics have any adverse effect on Awassi ram spermatozoa. Semen samples from six mature Awassi rams were used in this study. A total number of 120 ejaculates were collected from the rams using an artificial vagina once a week. Semen ejaculates were evaluated for volume, sperm concentration, mass motility, individual motility...

Azawi, O. I.; Ismaeel, M. A.

2012-01-01

422

The Viability of Local Ram Semen in Tris Buffer With Three Different Egg Yolks  

OpenAIRE

Egg yolk consisted of lecithin and phospholipids are one of the most commonly used components that will protect spermatozoa against cold shock during cooling and freezing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different hen egg yolk on Tris extender on the freezability of local ram semen. Semen from six sexually matured local rams was collected weekly using artificial vagina. Collected semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically and extended using tris extender con...

Wmm, Nalley; Ri, Arifiantini

2011-01-01

423

Potentialities of intracavitary gamma-therapy with AGAT-BU unit  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results of the use of a new AGAT-BU unit for intracavitary gamma-therapy of 365 patients with malignant tumors of cervix uteri, corpus uteri, vagina, esophagus, rectum, stomatopharynx, trachea are presented. Methods intracavitary irradiation of endotrachial and endobronchial malignant tumors using AGAT-BU unit are first developed in the USSR. One of AGAT-BU unit advantages is decrease of radiation reactions and complications during combined radiotherapy. AGAT-BU unit radiative-technical data are presented

424

Transient receptor potential channels in sensory neurons are targets of the antimycotic agent clotrimazole  

OpenAIRE

Clotrimazole (CLT) is a widely used drug for the topical treatment of yeast infections of skin, vagina, and mouth. Common side effects of topical CLT application include irritation and burning pain of the skin and mucous membranes. Here, we provide evidence that transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in primary sensory neurons underlie these unwanted effects of CLT. We found that clinically relevant CLT concentrations activate heterologously expressed TRPV1 and TRPA1, two TRP channels th...

Meseguer, Vi?ctor M.; Karashima, Yuji; Talavera, Karel; D Hoedt, Dieter; Donovan-rodriguez, Tansy; Viana, Fe?lix; Nilius, Bernd; Voets, Thomas

2008-01-01

425

TRANSVAGINAL VERSUS TRANSGASTRIC ENDOSCOPIC PERITONEAL APPROACH – A COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY  

OpenAIRE

Background: During the last 30 years the advent of laparoscopy and interventional endoscopy induced the emergence of a new approach - Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (N.O.T.E.S.) in which the peritoneal cavity is accessed through stomach, vagina or other natural orifice, as a even lesser minimally invasive surgery. Method: A total of 8 female pigs (20-35 kg), were assigned to either transgastric or transvaginal endoscopic procedures. General anesthesia with orotracheal intuba...

Patrascu, S.; Surlin, V.; Georgescu, E.; Olaru, A.; Georgescu, I.

2011-01-01

426

Laparoscopic repair of high rectovaginal fistula: Is it technically feasible?  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is an epithelium-lined communication between the rectum and vagina. Most RVFs are acquired, the most common cause being obstetric trauma. Most of the high RVFs are repaired by conventional open surgery. Laparoscopic repair of RVF is rare and so far only one report is available in the literature. Methods We present a case of high RVF repaired by laparoscopy. 56-year-old female who had a high RVF following laparoscopi...

Parthasarathi Ramakrishnan; Kavalakat Alfie J; Palanivelu Chinnusamy; Kumaran Saravanan S; Neelayathatchi Murugayyan

2005-01-01

427

Micro- and macrorheology of mucus  

OpenAIRE

Mucus is a complex biological material that lubricates and protects the human lungs, gastrointestinal (GI) tract, vagina, eyes, and other moist mucosal surfaces. Mucus serves as a physical barrier against foreign particles, including toxins, pathogens, and environmental ultrafine particles, while allowing rapid passage of selected gases, ions, nutrients, and many proteins. Its selective barrier properties are precisely regulated at the biochemical level across vastly different length scales. ...

Lai, Samuel K.; Wang, Ying-ying; Wirtz, Denis; Hanes, Justin

2009-01-01

428

Recovery of Mycoplasma spp. from the Reproductive Tract of the Mare during the Estrous Cycle  

OpenAIRE

The sites in the genital tract from which mycoplasmas could be recovered at various stages of the estrous cycle were studied in five Standardbred mares naturally infected with Mycoplasma. Mycoplasma equigenitalium and Mycoplasma subdolum were most frequently isolated from the clitoral fossa as compared to the vagina, cervix, and uterus. The lowest isolation prevalence was observed in the uterus. The recovery of Mycoplasma spp. from the clitoral fossa did not differ at any stage of the estrous...

Bermudez, Victor; Miller, Richard; Johnson, Walter; Rosendal, Soren; Ruhnke, Louise

1987-01-01

429

Usefulness of a Flexible Port for Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery by the Transrectal and Transvaginal Routes  

OpenAIRE

We developed a flexible port for NOTES which allows the use of conventional forceps for laparoscope-assisted surgery without change. The port is not affected by the location of the through hole in the gastrointestinal tract or vagina which elicits a problem in conventional NOTES, and its length can be adjusted during surgery by cutting the port itself. The port is made of polymer resin with a low friction coefficient. Furthermore, the port walls have a square wave structure which contributes ...

Makoto Hashizume; Yoshikazu Yasuda; Hisao Tajiri; Keiichi Ikeda; Takeshi Ohdaira

2010-01-01

430

Hexamermis paranaense new species (Nematoda, Mermithidae): a parasite of Diloboderus abderus (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) in Argentina Hexamermis paranaense sp. nov. (Nematoda, Mermithidae): parasito de Diloboderus abderus (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) en Argentina  

OpenAIRE

A new species, Hexamermis paranaense n. sp. (Nematoda, Mermithidae), a parasite of larvae of Diloboderus abderus Sturm, 1826 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) is described and illustrated. This new species is characterized by amphids small, amphidial opening pocket-shaped, the anterior portion of the vagina muscularized and slightly protruding with a descending branch forming a loop before joining the uterus, and three rows of genital papillae: the ventrolateral divided in two rows with eight papill...

María Fernanda Achinelly; Nora Beatriz Camino

2008-01-01

431

Preservação dos ovários em cirurgia radical para câncer do colo uterino Ovarian preservation in radical surgery for cervical cancer  

OpenAIRE

OBJETIVO: avaliar a função ovariana em pacientes com câncer do colo uterino, que se submeteram a histerectomia radical com preservação dos ovários. MÉTODOS: foram analisadas retrospectivamente pacientes com câncer do colo uterino, submetidas a histerectomia radical com preservação dos ovários na Clínica Ginecológica do Hospital São Marcos-SPCC, de abril de 1998 a outubro de 2001, com avaliação dos sintomas de privação estrogênica (fogachos, vagina seca) e mensuração dos n...

Sabas Carlos Vieira; André Gonçalves da Silva; Lia Rachel Gomes do Vale; Murilo Moura Lima; João Batista Mendes Teles

2002-01-01

432

Preservação dos ovários em cirurgia radical para câncer do colo uterino  

OpenAIRE

OBJETIVO: avaliar a função ovariana em pacientes com câncer do colo uterino, que se submeteram a histerectomia radical com preservação dos ovários. MÉTODOS: foram analisadas retrospectivamente pacientes com câncer do colo uterino, submetidas a histerectomia radical com preservação dos ovários na Clínica Ginecológica do Hospital São Marcos-SPCC, de abril de 1998 a outubro de 2001, com avaliação dos sintomas de privação estrogênica (fogachos, vagina seca) e mensuração dos n...

Vieira Sabas Carlos; Silva André Gonçalves da; Vale Lia Rachel Gomes do; Lima Murilo Moura; Teles João Batista Mendes

2002-01-01

433

Complex Genital Malformation in a Female with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Evaluation with Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a case of complex genital malformation in a young patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings included ostium of the vagina into the urethra (common urogenital opening), prostate-like tissue surrounding the urethra, and hyperplasia of the left adrenal gland. The report provides information on the clinical findings, the MRI examination, including the applied sequences and the MR findings, and gives an overview of the disease pattern and its frequency of occurrence

434

Two new species of the genus Monocelis ehrenberg, 1831 (Platyhelminthes: Proseriata) from the Mediterranean, with a redescription of Monocelis lineata (O. F. Müller, 1774)  

OpenAIRE

Two new Monocelis species from the Mediterranean are described. Monocelis parvula n. sp. is characterized by small size, absence of bursa and vagina, and by a karyotype with n = 3 with one chromosome pair almost twice the size of the others. Monocelis mediterranea n. sp. is characterized by the morphology of bursa and bursal duct. It is the only Monocelis known with a karyotype with n = 4. Monocelis lineata (O. F. Mller, 1774) is re-described, and conspecifi...

Curini Galletti, Marco; Mura, Francesco

1998-01-01

435

Insects are Crawling in My Genital Warts  

OpenAIRE

A 23-year-old woman presented with large exophytic genital wart arising from perineum, vulva, introitus of the vagina, and inner aspect of thighs. Patient developed severe itching and formication (insect-crawling sensation) in the lesions for past 1 week, though careful examination did not reveal any insects. Considering that the disease was causing psychological stress and physical symptoms, radiofrequency excision was planned. However, during the procedure, several maggots appeared from the...

Dhawan, Jyoti; Singh, Saurabh; Gupta, Somesh

2011-01-01

436

Primary vaginal Ewing's sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor in a 17-year-old woman: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction Primary Ewing's sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the genital tract of women is uncommon. Rarer still is its occurrence in the vagina, with only five cases described so far. Out of these, only one case was confirmed using molecular analysis. Case presentation We present an extremely rare case of Ewing's sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor in a 17-year-old Indian girl. She presented with a vaginal mass that was initially d...

Kurkure Purna; Medhi Seema; Desai Sangeeta B; Basak Ranjan; Qureshi Sajid; Rekhi Bharat; Menon Santosh; Maheshwari Amita; Jambhekar Nirmala A

2010-01-01

437

Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome: Embryology, Genetics and Clinical and Surgical Treatment  

OpenAIRE

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a pathological condition characterized by primary amenorrhea and infertility and by congenital aplasia of the uterus and of the upper vagina. The development of secondary sexual characters is normal as well as that the karyotype (46,XX). Etiologically, this syndrome may be caused by the lack of development of the Müllerian ducts between the fifth and the sixth weeks of gestation. To explain this condition, it has been suggested that in patie...

Alfonsa Pizzo; Antonio Simone Laganà; Emanuele Sturlese; Giovanni Retto; Annalisa Retto; Rosanna De Dominici; Domenico Puzzolo

2013-01-01

438

Distinct Proinflammatory Host Responses to Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection in Immortalized Human Cervical and Vaginal Epithelial Cells  

OpenAIRE

In this study we utilized immortalized morphologically and functionally distinct epithelial cell lines from normal human endocervix, ectocervix, and vagina to characterize gonococcal epithelial interactions pertinent to the lower female genital tract. Piliated, but not nonpiliated, N. gonorrhoeae strain F62 variants actively invaded these epithelial cell lines, as demonstrated by an antibiotic protection assay and confocal microscopy. Invasion of these cells by green fluorescent protein-expre...

Fichorova, Raina Nakova; Desai, Pragnya Jasvantrai; Gibson, Frank C.; Genco, Caroline Attardo

2001-01-01

439

Development of Pelvic Abscess Following Water-Skiing Injury  

OpenAIRE

Several descriptions of hydrostatic injuries while water-skilng have been described, including lacerations of the perineum, vagina, and cervix. Salpingitis or pelvic abscess resulting from water-skiing injuries are rare but important complications. A case of a pelvic abscess following a fall while water-skiing is described. The abscess was drained laparoscopically, resulting in a good clinical outcome. The mechanism of injury and recommendations for prevention are also presented. ...

Pearlman, Mark D.; Zoschnick, Lauren

1993-01-01

440

Experience of our surgery in iatrogenic vesicovaginal fistulas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: In this study, transvesical and transvaginal approaches used in our clinic for the treatment of gynecologic iatrogenic vesicovaginal fistulas are discussed. Material and Methods: 11 patients with vesicovaginal fistula admitted to the Department of Urogynecology, Zeynep Kamil Teaching-Research Hospital between 2005-2009 were enrolled in our study. Transvesical and transvaginal fistula repair were performed on all patients. All patients were treated by surgical repair, 4 cases by a classic transabdominal approach, 5 cases by an omental flap interposition and 2 cases by a martius flap interposition.Results: The most common cause of iatrogenic vesicovaginal fistula in our patients was total abdominal hysterectomy for benign conditions (n=10/11. The mean patient age was 43 years (34-53 and the mean time from the causative surgery to the operation was 7.5 months (3-12. The surgical techniques were successful in all patients. There were no intraoperative complications and no postoperative recurrences.Conclusion: The mouth of the fistula should be determined clearly on preoperative evaluation and surgery procedure should be planned according to the fistula aperture. The point to be careful of is excision of all diseased tissue in the bladder and vagina, complete separation of the bladder from the vagina with a margin of healthy tissue, and watertight closure of both bladder and vagina without tension. The aim of the vascularized tissue interposition between the closed bladder and the vagina is to provide the improvement of vascularity. We believe that in the treatment of supratrigonal and large fistulas, the transvesical approach with use of omental flap interposition is more effective, while, in the treatment of small and trigonal fistula,the transvaginal approach with use of martius flap interposition is an effective tecnique.

Ate? Karateke

2010-09-01

441

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the female urethra: magnetic resonance imaging.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the female urethra is a rare malignant tumor arising from urethral diverticulum or paraurethral ducts and glands, and extends to the submucosa surrounding the urethra. In the advanced stage, the tumor may involve adjacent organs such as the vagina, and may mimic gynecologic malignancy. We report 2 cases in which magnetic resonance imaging could reveal their urethral origin by detecting the normal urethra within the mass as targetlike appearance on axial T2-weighted image. PMID:19188802

Takeuchi, Mayumi; Matsuzaki, Kenji; Nishitani, Hiromu

2009-01-01

442

[Female urethral diverticulum containing multiple calculi].  

Science.gov (United States)

Diverticulum of female urethra is rare, often discovered during complications. We report a case of diverticulum of female urethra containing multiple calculi in a multiparous woman of 52 years old. She has consulted for dysuria and a hard painful periurethral mass in the anterior vagina wall. The diagnosis was easily established by physical examination and confirmed by plain radiographs of the lower urinary tract and endovaginal ultrasound. The patient was treated successfully by diverticulectomy. PMID:21354043

Diabate, I; Sow, I

2011-03-01

443

Patología vaginal: utilidad de la citología y la colposcopia como métodos diagnósticos  

OpenAIRE

Objetivo: Evaluar la citología y la colposcopia como métodos diagnósticos de patología vaginal. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo y descriptivo que incluyó 100 pacientes. Se realizó citología, colposcopia y biopsia dirigida o del tercio superior de vagina, cuando no había lesiones. Resultados: La edad media de las pacientes fue 37,7 años. Hubo patología vaginal en 81 pacientes: 19 (23,4.%) neoplasias intraepiteliales vaginales I y 62 (76,5 %) lesiones no neoplásicas, entre ellas 47 (75...

Yanyn Betzabe Uzcátegui; María Carolina Tovar; Coromoto Jacqueline Lorenzo; Mireya González

2012-01-01

444

Aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva presenting as a pedunculated swelling  

OpenAIRE

Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, locally aggressive soft tissue tumor that has high propensity for local recurrence. It involves mainly the pelvis, vulva, perineum, vagina and urinary bladder in adult women in the reproductive age. Considering its locally aggressive nature, appropriate management and long-term follow-up is necessary. We describe a case of a 22-year-old young pregnant patient presenting with a large pedunculated swelling on the left labia majora.

Mandal Shramana; Dhingra Kajal; Roy Somak; Khurana Nita

2008-01-01

445

Aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva presenting as a pedunculated swelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, locally aggressive soft tissue tumor that has high propensity for local recurrence. It involves mainly the pelvis, vulva, perineum, vagina and urinary bladder in adult women in the reproductive age. Considering its locally aggressive nature, appropriate management and long-term follow-up is necessary. We describe a case of a 22-year-old young pregnant patient presenting with a large pedunculated swelling on the left labia majora.

Mandal Shramana

2008-04-01

446

Development of muds for improved vaginal therapy  

OpenAIRE

Bacterial vaginosis is a common cause of vaginitis, condition often treated with oral metronidazole. However, due to unpleasant side effects, patient compliance is often reduced. Vaginal tablet with bioadhesive properties could enable a prolonged residence time and a sustained release of a drug at the site of infection. Vagina as a drug administration site is attractive due to high surface area, rich blood supply and avoidance of first pass metabolism. The aim of the study was development and...

Meland, Hilde-gunn

2011-01-01

447

Female form of persistent mullerian duct syndrome: Rare entity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare form of Disorder of sex development in which Mullerian duct derivatives (fallopian tubes, uterus and the proximal vagina) are present in an otherwise normally differentiated 46 XY male. In the majority of cases, PMDS is a surprise finding either during orchidopexy or during inguinal hernia repair. We report a case of 4 year child with female type (Type III) PMDS. We are discussing the presentation, management and review of the literature. PMID:25657558

Solanki, Shailesh; Gowrishankar; Jadhav, Vinay; Babu, M Narendra; Ramesh, S

2015-01-01

448

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U10219-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U10219-1 no gap 1355 - - - - 4 5 U10219 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Contig-U10219-1 ... 0_1( AK037100 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 36 2.8 AC134232_8( AC134232 |pid:none) Oryza ...

449

A NEW SPECIES PHOREIOBOTHRIUM GAWALI FROM CARCHARIAS ACUTUS (MULLER AND HENLE, 1906 AT BANKOT, RATNAGIRI M.S. INDIA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A new species of Cestode Phoreiobothrium gawali was erected form the marine fish Carcharias acutus (Muller and Henle, 1841 collected from Bankot, Ratnagiri (West coast of India. We have described this new species in the genus Phoreiobothrium (LINTON 1989 We found P. gawali different from other species in body measurement, scolex length, breadth, sucker, neck, testes, ovary, vagina, genital pore, vitellaria, host and locality.

Pawar LB*, Shewale SS, Patil DN and RR Dandwate

2013-08-01

450

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12525-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U12525-1 gap included 726 - - - - 1 2 U12525 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Contig-U125 ... 7_1( AK137637 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 64 5e-09 (Q6P9P8) RecName: Full=DENN domain-c ...

451

Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12603-1 [Dicty_cDB  

Lifescience Database Archive (English)

Full Text Available Contig-U12603-1 no gap 672 4 44013 43341 MINUS 2 2 U12603 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Show Conti ... 7_1( AK037067 |pid:none) Mus musculus adult female vagina ... c... 39 0.11 (Q54WH5) RecName: Full=ELMO domain-co ...

452

Randomized controlled trial of probiotics for the prevention of spontaneous preterm delivery associated with intrauterine infection: study protocol  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Spontaneous preterm deliveries that occur before the 34th week of gestation, and particularly before the 32nd week of gestation, have been strongly associated to intrauterine infection, ascending from vagina, and represent the largest portion of neonatal deaths and neurological problems. Bacterial vaginosis, characterized by a diminished or absent flora of lactobacilli and increased colonization of several anaerobic or facultative microorganisms, increases...

Savastano Clarisse; Batista Maria; Camacho Karla G; Braga Alcione; Rezende Maria R; Alves Mariane B; Moreira Maria; Krauss-Silva Leticia; Almada-Horta Antonio; Guerra Fernando

2010-01-01

453

An unusual case of sexual assault on an infant: an intraperitoneal candle in a 20-month-old girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

The recent publication of cases of sexual abuse and child prostitution networks may have the harmful effect of arousing latent desires or causing sexual delinquents to act out their impulses. The authors report a recent case in which a wax candle was introduced into the vagina of a 20-month-old baby. The forensic description is given and provisional conclusions are drawn. PMID:9670478

Gromb, S; Lazarini, H J

1998-06-01

454

Placenta accrete treated with uterine arterial embolization (case report)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the possibility of interventional treatment of placenta accrete. Methods: One patient with placenta accrete was treated with uterine arterial infusion of cef and MTX followed by embolization. Results: Her placenta discharged through vagina at the 27 th day after uterine arterial embolization. No remnant was found in the uterine by Doppler imaging. The patient uneventfully recovered. Conclusions: Interventional therapy with uterine arterial embolization is a new and reliable method for treatment for placenta accrete

455

Comparative Genomic and Functional Analysis of 100 Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strains and Their Comparison with Strain GG  

OpenAIRE

Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a lactic acid bacterium that is found in a large variety of ecological habitats, including artisanal and industrial dairy products, the oral cavity, intestinal tract or vagina. To gain insights into the genetic complexity and ecological versatility of the species L. rhamnosus, we examined the genomes and phenotypes of 100 L. rhamnosus strains isolated from diverse sources. The genomes of 100 L. rhamnosus strains were mapped onto the L. rhamnosus GG reference genome....

Douillard, F. P.; Ribbera, A.; Kant, R.; Pietila?, T. E.; Ja?rvinen, H. M.; Messing, M.; Randazzo, C. L.; Paulin, L.; Laine, P. K.; Ritari, J.; Caggia, C.; La?hteinen, T.; Brouns, S. J. J.; Satokari, R. M.; Ossowski, I.

2013-01-01

456

Enhancement of experimental Mycoplasma pulmonis infection of the mouse genital tract by progesterone treatment.  

OpenAIRE

Experimental infection of the vagina of TO and CBA mice with Mycoplasma pulmonis was enchanced greatly by progesterone treatment. Almost all treated animals became infected, whereas only two-thirds of the untreated TO mice and less than half of the untreated CBA mice did so. Almost 1000-fold more organisms were recovered from treated than from untreated mice and the duration of infection was more than doubled. The enhanced infection in the hormone-treated animals was accompanied by a more sev...

Furr, P. M.; Taylor-robinson, D.

1984-01-01

457

Treatment of peunomovaginitis in dairy cattle by caslick operation  

OpenAIRE

Pneumovagina is caused by faulty closure of the lips of vulva as results of poor conformation or traumatic injuries to the vagina due to abnormal handling of the fetus during delivery. The present study was carried out to describe the beneficial effects of caslick operation in cattle affected by pneumovaginitis and infertility syndrome. 27 Holstein dairy cattle were referred to the veterinary teaching hospital of the Shiraz Veterinary School affected by pnumovagina and repeat breeder syndrome...

S. N. Dehghani,; Yavari, M.; Kafi, M.

2011-01-01

458

Microbicides 2006 conference  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Current HIV/AIDS statistics show that women account for almost 60% of HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa. HIV prevention tools such as male and female condoms, abstinence and monogamy are not always feasible options for women due to various socio-economic and cultural factors. Microbicides are products designed to be inserted in the vagina or rectum prior to sex to prevent HIV acquisition. The biannual Microbicides conference took place in Cape Town, South Africa f...

McGowan Ian; Delany Sinead; Shattock Robin; Ramjee Gita; Morar Neetha; Gottemoeller Megan

2006-01-01

459

Sonographic detection of rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common malignant pelvic tumor in the young child, occurring typically in children aged 2-4 years. It arises from the prostate or the trigone of the bladder in boys, and from the vagina or uterus in girls. We report a case of bladder rhabdomyosarcoma and discuss the ultrasonographic images. The mass produced filling defect on the contrast cystogram and also was demonstrated with CT. PMID:11251255

Poggiani, C; Teani, M; Auriemma, A; Bianchi, P; Sadou, Y

2001-04-01

460

Reproducibility and genital sparing with a vaginal dilator used for female anal cancer patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Acute vulvitis, acute urethritis, and permanent sexual dysfunction are common among patients treated with chemoradiation for squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. Avoidance of the genitalia may reduce sexual dysfunction. A vaginal dilator may help delineate and displace the vulva and lower vagina away from the primary tumor. The goal of this study was to evaluate the positional reproducibility and vaginal sparing with the use of a vaginal dilator. Materials and methods: Ten female patients treated with IMRT for anal cancer were included in this study. A silicone vaginal dilator measuring 29 mm in diameter and 114 mm in length was inserted into the vagina before simulation and each treatment. The reproducibility of dilator placement was investigated with antero-posterior and lateral images acquired daily. Weekly cone beam CT (CBCT) imaging was used to confirm coverage of the GTV, which was typically posterior and inferior to the dilator apex. Finally, a planning study was performed to compare the vaginal doses for these 10 patients to a comparable group of 10 female patients who were treated for anal cancer with IMRT without vaginal dilators. Results: The absolute values of the location of the dilator apex were 7.0 ± 7.8 mm in the supero-inferior direction, 7.5 ± 5.5 mm in the antero-posterior, and 3.8 ± 3.1 mm in the lateral direction. Coverage of the GTV and CTV was confirmed from CBCT images. The mean dose to the vagina was lower by 5.5 Gy, on averahe vagina was lower by 5.5 Gy, on average, for the vaginal dilator patients, compared to patients treated without vaginal dilators. Conclusion: The vaginal dilator tended to be inserted more inferiorly during treatment than during simulation. For these ten patients, this did not compromise tumor coverage. Combined with IMRT treatment planning, use of a vaginal dilator could allow for maximum sparing of female genitalia for patients undergoing radiation therapy for anal cancer.

461

Aplicação da dosimetria de alanina- EPR in vivo em braquiterapia MDR ginecológica  

OpenAIRE

O controlo de qualidade em tratamentos de braquiterapia é uma área importante e inovadora da física médica. Neste trabalho realizou-se dosimetria in vivo usando a alanina na determinação das doses irradiados no recto em tratamento de tumores ginecológicos, nomeadamente do endométrio operado (cancro da vagina), em Braquiterapia de alta taxa de dose (HDR). Efectua-se a medição da dose absorvida pelos órgãos de risco, no tratamento ginecológico, como o recto, e com...

Pinto, Viviana Maria Oliveira Correia

2008-01-01

462

Comparison between ejaculated and epididymal stallion sperm cryopreserved with the pellet method  

OpenAIRE

In order to understand the freezability of epididymal sperm and its fertilising potential we compared the membrane integrity and the capacity to bind to the zona pellucida of frozen/thawed epididymal and ejaculated sperm. Epididymal semen (EpS) was harvested by flushing the epididymal tails of the testis obtained by standing castrations of 3-year old colts while ejaculated semen (EjS) was collected by artificial vagina. Semen was cryopreserved with the pellet method. Sperm viability and acros...

Rosati, Irma; Berlinguer, Fiammetta; Ledda, Sergio; Bogliolo, Luisa; Cherchi, Raffaele; Leoni, Giovanni Giuseppe; Naitana, Salvatore

2002-01-01

463

Laparoscopic salvage total pelvic exenteration: Is it possible post-chemo-radiotherapy?  

OpenAIRE

Indications for total pelvic exenteration in a male (removal of the bladder, prostate and rectum) and in a woman (removal bladder, uterus, vagina, ovaries and rectum) are rare. The advanced stage generally dictates that the patient has some form of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or a combination of two to shrink/debulk the tumour. We report the first two cases of a salvage laparoscopic total pelvic exenteration in a male for rectal adenocarcinoma invading into the bladder and prostate, post-ch...

Patel H; Joseph J; Amodeo A; Kothari K

2009-01-01

464

Complete cloacal duplication imaged before and during pregnancy  

OpenAIRE

The authors describe a 31 year-old female who presented emergently with abdominal pain and was found at CT to have complete genitourinary duplication including separate urinary bladders, uteri, cervices, and vaginas, and also duplication of the rectum. No etiology for abdominal pain was identified. The patient was referred to urology for further evaluation, and an intravenous urographic study was obtained, which confirmed complete lower urinary tract duplication. The patient presented emergen...

Ragab, Omar; Landay, Melanie; Shriki, Jabi

2009-01-01

465

Transvaginal-laparoscopic anterior rectum resection in a hysterectomized woman with deep-infiltrating endometriosis: Description of a gynecologic natural orifice transendoluminal surgery approach  

OpenAIRE

Deep-infiltrating endometriosis may affect the vagina, the rectum, and the cervicoisthmic part of the uterus, resulting in severe pain, particularly dyschezia, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and diminished quality of life. Advanced surgical techniques, such as laparoscopic-assisted anterior rectum resection, are recognized as safe and effective therapeutic approaches. In some cases, a laparotomy or minilaparotomy has to be performed for technical reasons. This can be avoided in some cases by tran...

Ebert, A. D.; Burkhardt, T.; Parlayan, S.; Riediger, H.; Papadopoulos, T.

2009-01-01

466

Bowel endometriosis: Colorectal surgeon’s perspective in a multidisciplinary surgical team  

OpenAIRE

Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that presents as endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus and induces a chronic inflammatory reaction. Up to 15% of women in their reproductive period are affected by this condition. Deep endometriosis is defined as endometriosis located more than 5 mm beneath the peritoneal surface. This type of endometriosis is mostly found on the uterosacral ligaments, inside the rectovaginal septum or vagina, in the rectosigmoid area, ovarian fossa, pelvic peri...

Wolthuis, Albert M.; Meuleman, Christel; Tomassetti, Carla; D’hooghe, Thomas; Buck Overstraeten, Anthony; D’hoore, Andre?

2014-01-01

467

Treatment with tibolone partially protects 3-D microarchitecture of lumbar Vertebral Bone Tissues and Prevents Ovariectomy-induced Reduction in Mechanical Properties : Ding M, Dalstra M, Weinans H, Ederveen AG, I Hvid  

OpenAIRE

Treatment with Tibolone partially Protects 3-D Microarchitecture of Lumbar Vertebral Bone Tissues and Prevents Ovariectomy-induced Reduction in Mechanical Properties Tibolone (Org OD14) is a tissue selective steroid with estrogenic effects on the brain, bone and vagina, without stimulating the breast and endometrium. A previous study has shown that longterm treatment with tibolone prevents ovariectomy (OVX) induced bone loss in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tib...

Ding, Ming

2009-01-01

468

Successful Treatment of Primary Vaginal Papillary Serous Adenocarcinoma Using Chemoradiation Followed by Brachytherapy  

OpenAIRE

Advances in treatment have not recently been reported in rare primary vaginal adenocarcinomas. A 56-year-old woman with a chronic vaginal cyst and possible in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Biopsy of the vagina revealed high-grade papillary serous adenocarcinoma. MRI showed a 6-cm vaginal tumor and 3-cm left inguinal lymph node with metastasis. The patient initially received concurrent cisplatin and radiation. She then received high-dose-rate brachyt...

Mccurdy, M.; Zouain, N.

2009-01-01

469

A New Cestode Moniezia Vanamalae N.SP. (Eucestoda : Anoplocephalidae) From Capra Hircus  

OpenAIRE

The scolex of Moniezia vanamalae n.sp. is large, broad anteriorly, narrow posteriorly, suckers medium, oval arranged in two pairs, one pair in each half of the scolex. Mature proglottids are big, broader than long, each with double set of reproductive organs, testes follicular, small, round 210-215(211), cirrus pouch in each side, cirrus is thin, slightly coiled, ovary on each side large, globular with irregular margin,vagina is a thin tube situated posterior to the cirrus pouch,...

Patil, P. S.

2012-01-01

470

Gestational choriocarcinoma diagnosed with spontaneous splenic rupture after pregnancy induced by in vitro fertilization: a case report  

OpenAIRE

Gestational choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor of trophoblastic cells with a propensity to metastasize to various sites including lungs, vagina, brain, liver, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract, in descending order of frequency. A 29-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the hospital as an emergency with abdominal pain, hypotension, nausea and vomiting at about 6th month of a twin delivery after in vitro fertilization. Our case probably represents the first case of metastatic chorioc...

Yu?ru?yen, Mehmet; Yildiz, Ozcan; Papila, Cigdem; Tuzuner, Nukhet

2009-01-01

471

Bacterial vaginosis: Etiology and modalities of treatment—A brief note  

OpenAIRE

A large women population of the world is suffering from a vaginal infection commonly known as bacterial vaginosis. The disease is associated with the decrease in the lactobacilli count in the vagina. Till date, there is a lack of full proof treatment modalities for the cure of the disease. The treatment includes the use of antimicrobials and/or acidifying agents and probiotics, either separately or in combination. This note discusses about the etiology and the various present-day modalities o...

Kumar, Nikhil; Behera, Beauty; Sagiri, Sai S.; Pal, Kunal; Ray, Sirsendu S.; Roy, Saroj

2011-01-01

472

DNA Fingerprinting of Lactobacillus crispatus Strain CTV-05 by Repetitive Element Sequence-Based PCR Analysis in a Pilot Study of Vaginal Colonization  

OpenAIRE

Lactobacillus crispatus is one of the predominant hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-producing species found in the vagina and is under development as a probiotic for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. In this study, we assessed whether DNA fingerprinting by repetitive element sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR) can be used to distinguish the capsule strain of L. crispatus (CTV-05) from other endogenous strains as well as other species of vaginal lactobacilli. Vaginal and rectal lactobacilli were identifie...

Antonio, May A. D.; Hillier, Sharon L.

2003-01-01

473

Vaginal Microbiota and the Use of Probiotics  

OpenAIRE

The human vagina is inhabited by a range of microbes from a pool of over 50 species. Lactobacilli are the most common, particularly in healthy women. The microbiota can change composition rapidly, for reasons that are not fully clear. This can lead to infection or to a state in which organisms with pathogenic potential coexist with other commensals. The most common urogenital infection in premenopausal women is bacterial vaginosis (BV), a condition characterized by a depletion of lactobacilli...

Cribby, Sarah; Taylor, Michelle; Reid, Gregor

2008-01-01

474

Correlation between API 50 CH and multiplex polymerase chain reaction for the identification of vaginal lactobacilli in isolates  

OpenAIRE

Identification of Lactobacillus sp. strains by phenotypic methods may lead to doubtful results possibly interfering in the reliability of the epidemiological and probiotics studies. Therefore this study aimed to determine the best methodology for the identification of the large diversity of lactobacilli species found in the vagina by comparing two techniques, one based on their biochemical profile and other employing molecular biology. A carbohydrate fermentation test (API 50 CH) was compared...

Eliane Melo Brolazo; Domingos Silva Leite; Monique Ribeiro Tiba; Marina Villarroel; Camila Marconi; Jose Antonio Simoes

2011-01-01

475

Effects of Processing and Storage on Pediococcus pentosaceus SB83 in Vaginal Formulations: Lyophilized Powder and Tablets  

OpenAIRE

Vaginal probiotics have an important role in preventing the colonization of the vagina by pathogens. This study aimed to investigate different formulations with Pediococcus pentosaceus SB83 (lyophilized powder and tablets with and without retarding polymer) in order to verify its stability and antilisterial activity after manufacture and during storage. The bacteriocinogenic activity of P. pentosaceus SB83 against Listeria monocytogenes was evaluated in simulated vaginal fluid. Suspension of ...

Sandra Borges; Paulo Costa; Joana Silva; Paula Teixeira

2013-01-01

476

A Single Base Pair Mutation Encoding a Premature Stop Codon in the MIS type II receptor is Responsible for Canine Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome  

OpenAIRE

Müllerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS), a secreted glycoprotein in the Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of growth factors, mediates regression of the Müllerian ducts during embryonic sex differentiation in males. In Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS), rather than undergoing involution, the Müllerian ducts persist in males, giving rise to the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and upper vagina. Genetic defects in MIS or its receptor (MISRII) have been identified in patients wit...

Wu, Xiufeng; Wan, Shengqin; Pujar, Shashikant; Haskins, Mark E.; Schlafer, Donald H.; Lee, Mary M.; Meyers-wallen, Vicki N.

2008-01-01

477

Diagnosis of Ovarian Metastasis from Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia by 3D Power Doppler Ultrasound and Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Case Report  

OpenAIRE

Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant disease of trophoblastic cells, which affects young women in the reproductive years. The main sites of metastasis from choriocarcinoma are lung, vagina, liver, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, and the involvement of the ovaries is extremely rare. The diagnosis of ovarian metastasis is made mainly by two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) with color Doppler, which shows a large vessel in the center of the mass. The three-dimensional power Doppler ultras...

Ju?nior, E. Araujo; Sun, S. Y.; Campanharo, F. F.; Nacaratto, D. C.; Nardozza, L. M. M.; Mattar, R.; Habib, V. V.; Moron, A. F.

2012-01-01

478

Vesico-vaginal fistula and psycho-social well-being of Nigerian women  

OpenAIRE

The problem of vesico-vagina fistula still remains a ravaging scourge in resource-poor countries of which Nigeria is visibly prominent. A majority of the cases are attributed to prolonged complicated labour due to inaccessibility of adequate and immediate obstetric health care. Complicated labour arises as a result of narrow pelvis bones of victims due to suffering from poor nutrition. While the above factors are noted as the direct cause to the prevalent of VVF, there are other socio-cultura...

Fasakin, Gbola Jonathan

2008-01-01

479

Vesico-vaginal fistula in a patient with Meyer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

This was a case of Gishiri cut in a patient with Meyer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome resulting in a vesico-vaginal fistula and urethral loss. This followed an attempt to enlarge and lengthen the vagina to enhance penile penetration. Few cases of MRKH syndrome presenting with complications after an attempt at treatment by traditional birth attendants have been reported. This report is particularly of essence as most urinary fistulae in Nigeria are obstetric fistulae following prolonged obstructed labour. PMID:20348986

Okusanya, B O; Garba, K K D

2010-03-01

480

Our experience of the use of Martius method to eliminate the vesicovaginal fistula  

OpenAIRE

Sometimes after delivery, gynecological or other surgeries, radiological therapy, or destructions of vesico-vaginal septum due to the tumor or trauma, the unnatural communication between the bladder and vagina occurs. Those are fistulas that occur after the delivery (tocogenic) caused by the prolonged delivery or some obstetrics operations 1,2. Some fistulas are high, coming from the fundus of the bladder, medium, if they come just behind the trigonum of the bladder, and low, if they are in t...

Stanojevi? Dušan; Perovi? S.; ?or?evi? M.

2004-01-01

481

The bovine cervix explored : the cow as a model for studies on functional changes in the cervix uteri  

OpenAIRE

The cervix uteri is a rigid tube which connects the uterus with the vagina and during most of the time it is firmly closed. During oestrus, late pregnancy and parturition, the morphological appearance in the cervix changes markedly, resulting in a softer cervix, which during parturition can even be stretched open to a diameter that is more than a tenfold larger than before. During gyneacological interventions, such as artificial inseminations in several animal species, or in women it woul...

Breeveld-dwarkasing, V. N. A.

2002-01-01

482

VALIDEZ DE LA PRUEBA DE HISTERECTOMÍA VAGINAL EN PACIENTES CON INDICACIÓN DE VÍA ABDOMINAL MANDATORIA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar la histerectomía vaginal en la resolución de patología uterina benigna, en casos que habitualmente se resuelven por histerectomía abdominal. Método: Estudio prospectivo en 68 pacientes sometidas a histerectomía vaginal en el Servicio de Ginecología del Hospital Claudio Vicuña, de San Antonio, entre junio de 2003 a junio de 2009. Son pacientes sin partos vaginales, algunas nuligestas, la mayoría con cicatrices de cesárea o historia de cirugía pélvica previa. Se separan en dos grupos, uno de dificultad moderada (DM (útero móvil, vagina >2 dedos de diámetro, fondos de saco bien conformados y otro de dificultad severa (DS (útero fijo, vagina Objective: To assess vaginal hysterectomy in benign uterine pathology resolution in cases who are usually resolved by abdominal hysterectomy. Method: We studied, prospectively, 68 patients that were operated by vaginal hysterectomy between june 2003 to june 2009 in the Gynecology Service at Claudio Vicuña Hospital, San Antonio. Most of the patients have history of prior cesarean section or pelvic surgery, but no one has had vaginal deliveries, inclusive, some of them, have no history of previous pregnancies. The patients were separated into two groups, moderate difficulty (MD: composed by patients with uterus conserved motility, vagina >2 fingers diameter, well conserved cul de sac, and severe difficulty (SD: composed by patients with none uterine motility, vagina <2 fingers diameter or fat cul de sac. Results: We did not observed statistically signifcant differences in age, number of prior cesarean sections or pelvic surgeries, estimated uterine size, bladder injury, nor abdominal conversion, but there was significant differences in operative time and need of morcelation, being greater in SD patients. It is important to notice the absent of major and minor complications in 93% of the patients. Conclusion: Our results are meant to demystify the objections for vaginal route, including the patients with extreme difficulty.

Juan Riquelme P

2010-01-01

483

148?HPV, HIV, and Cancer: A Global Challenge  

OpenAIRE

The seminal discovery that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer provides an opportunity for prevention by vaccination and new screening approaches. Approximately 600,000 new cancer cases per year are attributable to HPV worldwide of which about half million in less developed countries (de Martel et al, Lancet Oncology, 2012). These cancers include all cervical cancers, the vast majority of anal cancers and approximately half of cancers of the vulva, vagina, and penis. I...

Franceschi, Silvia

2014-01-01

484

Species-level classification of the vaginal microbiome  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The application of next-generation sequencing to the study of the vaginal microbiome is revealing the spectrum of microbial communities that inhabit the human vagina. High-resolution identification of bacterial taxa, minimally to the species level, is necessary to fully understand the association of the vaginal microbiome with bacterial vaginosis, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy complications, menopause, and other physiological and infectious co...

Fettweis Jennifer M; Serrano Myrna G; Sheth Nihar U; Mayer Carly M; Glascock Abigail L; Paul, Brooks J.; Jefferson Kimberly K; Buck Gregory A

2012-01-01

485

Limnomermis subtropicalis n. sp. (Nematoda:Mermithidae) a Parasite of Larvae of Simulium orbitale Lutz (Diptera:Simuliidae) in Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Limnomermis subtropicalis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) a parasite of Simulium orbitale Lutz (Diptera: Simuliidae) found in Argentina is described and illustrated. This species is characterized by having medium sized amphids, pocket-shaped, medium sized vagina, sculptured spicule, and by having 9 [...] preanal, 7 postanal papillae in the ventral row, and 12 papillae in the lateral rows

L Cristina de, Villalobos; Nora B, Camino.

1997-05-01

486

The effects of superior ovarian nerve sectioning on ovulation in the guinea pig  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The effects on spontaneous ovulation associated with the unilateral or bilateral sectioning of the superior ovarian nerves (SON) were analyzed in guinea pigs at different time intervals of the estrous cycle. Day 1 of the estrous cycle was defined as the day when the animal presents complete loss of the vaginal membrane (open vagina). Subsequent phases of the cycle were determined by counting the days after Day 1. All animals were autopsied on the fifth day of the estrous cy...

Trujillo A; Hernández B; Flores M; Cortés M; Luna F; Domínguez R

2003-01-01

487

Uma nova espécie de Kritskyia (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae) parasita da bexiga urinária e ureteres de Leporinus lacustris (Characiformes, Anostomidae) do Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i2.2010 A new species of Kritskyia (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae), parasite of urinary bladder and ureters of Leporinus lacustris (Characiformes, Anostomidae) from Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i2.2010  

OpenAIRE

Neste artigo é descrita uma nova espécie do gênero Kritskyia, K. eirasi n. sp., parasita da bexiga urinária e ureteres de Leporinus lacustris, “corró”, um peixe anostomídeo coletado na planície de inundação do Alto rio Paraná, Brasil. A nova espécie foi incluída no gênero devido ao sítio de infecção, à ausência de âncoras, barras e ganchos 4A e por possuir abertura da vagina na margem esquerda do corpo. Difere da espécie tipo, K. moraveci e d...

Gilberto Cezar Pavanelli; Ricardo Massato Takemoto; Gislaine Marcolino Guidelli

2003-01-01

488

Utility of vaginal and rectal contrast medium in MRI for the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis  

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To study the sensitivity of MRI performed utilising vaginal and rectal opacification with ultrasound gel in the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis. This was a prospective monocentric study. All patients evaluated by the gynaecologist for pelvic pain, endometriosis or infertility were included. Axial and sagittal T2-weighted images were performed both with and without vaginal and rectal opacification with ultrasound gel. Three radiologists, all blinded, interpreted the images with a minimum of 15 days between the two readings. MRI performance with and without vaginal and rectal opacification was evaluated by calculating sensitivity, specificity and both positive and negative predictive values. Seventy-eight patients were included. Among these, 31 patients had deep pelvic endometriosis of which 24 were confirmed by laparoscopy. Seventy-six locations of deep pelvic endometriosis were discovered on MRI. For the three reviewers there was a significant improvement in sensitivity between pre- and post-contrast MRI (p < 0.0002). Opacification of the vagina and rectum significantly improved the sensitivity of MRI for the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis by expanding the vagina and rectum, thus allowing better delineation of the pelvic organs. This was especially apparent for lesions localised to the vagina and rectovaginal septum. (orig.)

Chassang, M.; Novellas, S.; Bloch-Marcotte, C.; Chevallier, P. [Hopital Archet 2, Service d' Imagerie Diagnostique et Interventionnelle, Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Nice, 151 route de Saint Antoine de Ginestiere, B.P. 3079, Nice Cedex 3 (France); Delotte, J.; Bongain, A. [Hopital Archet 2, Service de Gynecologie-Obstetrique, Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Nice, 151 route de Saint Antoine de Ginestiere, B.P. 3079, Nice Cedex 3 (France); Toullalan, O. [Hopital de Cannes, Service de Gynecologie, 15 avenue des Broussailles, B.P. 264, Cannes Cedex (France)

2010-04-15

489

Advanced topical drug delivery system for the management of vaginal candidiasis.  

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Abstract Vaginal candidiasis or vulvovaginal candidiasis (VC) is a common mucosal infection of vagina, mainly caused by Candida species. The major symptoms of VC are dyspareunia, pruritis, itching, soreness, vagina as well as vulvar erythema and edema. Most common risk factors that lead to the imbalance in the vaginal micro biota are the use of antibiotics, pregnancy, diabetes mellitus, immuno suppression as in AIDS or HIV patients, frequent sexual intercourse, spermicide and intra-uterine devices and vaginal douching. Various anti-fungal drugs are available for effective treatment of VC. Different conventional vaginal formulations (creams, gels, suppositories, powder, ointment, etc.) for VC are available today but have limited efficacy because of lesser residence time on vaginal epithelium due to self-cleansing action of vagina. So to overcome this problem, an extended and intimate contact with vaginal mucosa is desired; which can be accomplished by utilizing mucoadhesive polymers. Mucoadhesive polymers have an excellent binding capacity to mucosal tissues for considerable period of time. This unique property of these polymers significantly enhances retention time of different formulations on mucosal tissues. Currently, various novel formulations such as liposomes, nano- and microparticles, micro-emulsions, bio-adhesive gel and tablets are used to control and treat VC. In this review, we focused on current status of vaginal candidiasis, conventional and nanotechnology inspired formulation approaches. PMID:24959937

Johal, Himmat Singh; Garg, Tarun; Rath, Goutam; Goyal, Amit Kumar

2014-06-24

490

Localization of 3H-estradiol in the reproductive organs of male and female baboons  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The uptake and retention of radiolabeled estradiol by both the male and female reproductive organs were examined in the baboon. Two male and two female baboons were injected intracardially with 1 microgram/kg body weight of 3H-estradiol and two animals, one male and one female, were injected with both labeled and 100 micrograms/kg body weight of unlabeled estradiol. One and a half hours after the injections, the animals were sacrificed and the uterus, cervix, vagina, oviduct, seminal vesicles, and prostate gland were removed and processed for autoradiography. The stratified squamous epithelia of the cervix and vagina demonstrated a light uptake of the label in the germinative, but not in the superficial cell layers. The columnar cells lining the oviduct and uterine glands were labeled, whereas the luminal epithelium of the uterus and the glandular epithelia of the seminal vesicles and prostate gland did not sequester the tritiated steroid. The interstitial cells of all the organs studied demonstrated a moderate to heavy uptake of the radioactivity, whereas the smooth muscle cells were lightly labeled except in the vagina, in which these cells displayed a moderate number of silver grains

491

Hallazgo de una leucorrea vaginal de carácter no inflamatoria en hembras bovinas. I. Examen macroscópico y microscópico (Finding of a vaginal leucorrhea of non-inflammatory character in bovine females. I. Macroscopic and microscopic examination  

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Full Text Available Con el objetivo de demostrar la existencia de una leucorrea vaginal no inflamatoria en hembras bovinas, se examinaron macroscópicamente los órganos genitales de 350 novillas y 800 vacas Cebú comercial y mestizas Holstein x Cebú sacrificadas en el matadero. Se colectaron secreciones leucorréicas en las vaginas o cuernos uterinos del 12 y 20% de las novillas y vacas respectivamente. Ninguno de los órganos genitales de estos animales mostraron signos de inflamación en sus mucosas. El examen histológico se realizó en 80 muestras de vagina y de cuernos uterinos leucorréicos y solamente el 6,3% de los cortes histológicos de vaginas y el 8,8% de los de úteros presentaron lesiones microscópicas leves. El pH vaginal promedió 6,85 ? 0,2. No se encontraron diferencias en el espectro electroforético entre las secreciones mucosas y las leucorréicas. Tampoco se encontraron células inflamatorias en los frotis teñidos. Los resultados indican que las secreciones leucorréicas observadas no son verdaderos exudados, sino secreciones mucosas modificadas que no tienen un origen inflamatorio.

Luis O. Alba Gómez; Guadalupe Hernández Breto.

2005-07-01

492

Regional differences in rat vaginal smooth muscle contractility and morphology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to define the regional differences in rat vaginal smooth muscle contractility and morphology. We evaluated circumferential segments from the proximal, middle, and distal rat vagina (n = 21) in vitro. Contractile responses to carbachol, phenylephrine, potassium chloride, and electrical field stimulation (EFS) were measured. Immunohistochemical analyses were also performed. The dose-response curves for carbachol- and phenylephrine-dependent contractions were different in the distal (P = .05, P = .04) compared to the proximal/middle regions. Adjusted for region-dependent changes in contractility, the distal vagina generated lower force in response to carbachol and higher force in response to phenylephrine. There was less force with increasing EFS frequency in the distal (P = .03), compared to the proximal/middle regions. Cholinergic versus adrenergic nerves were more frequent in the proximal region (P = .03). In summary, the results indicate that functional and morphological differences in smooth muscle and nerve fibers of the distal versus proximal/middle regions of the vagina exist. PMID:23298869

Skoczylas, Laura C; Jallah, Zegbeh; Sugino, Yoshio; Stein, Suzan E; Feola, Andrew; Yoshimura, Naoki; Moalli, Pamela

2013-04-01

493

La Estimulación Vibratoria del Pene (EVP, Alternativa Novedosa y no Invasiva para la Obtención de Semen en Primates y otras Especies Animales  

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Full Text Available A nivel mundial en diversas especies animales domésticas y silvestres, se lleva a cabo la colecta y evaluación de las características seminales con distintos objetivos, como son el conocimiento preliminar de la biología reproductiva (andrología, criopreservación de gametos, inseminación artificial entre otros. Para obtener semen se dispone de diversas técnicas; entre estos están; la electroeyaculación por sonda bipolar rectal o por estimulación directa del pene, la masturbación, la automasturbación, la punción epidídimal, el lavado vaginal post-eyaculación, vagina artificial y la Estimulación Vibratoria del Pene (EVP. Esta ultima (EVP una de las más novedosas y no invasivas que últimamente ha ganado terreno con el FertiCare® personal vibrator, ya que no representa mayores consecuencias a los animales muestreados, su adquisición no es costosa comparada con los electroeyaculadores, apenas mide 20cm de largo y pesa 285gr, y como mayor ventaja en cuanto a viabilidad y concentración de espermatozoides, la cual es mayor en aquellos métodos no invasivos como la masturbación, la vagina artificial y la estimulación vibratoria del pene, claro que esta ultima tiene una gran ventaja y es el control para evitar la contaminación por bacterias o aditivos (talcos o resinas de látex en vaginas artificiales del semen, por consiguiente la calidad de la muestra seminal obtenida es mucho mayor.

Robin Poches-Franco

2010-10-01

494

New species of Demidospermus (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) of pimelodid catfish (Siluriformes) from Peruvian Amazonia and the reassignment of Urocleidoides lebedevi Kritsky and Thatcher, 1976.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three new species of Demidospermus Suriano, 1983 were found in mixed infections on the gills of 4 pimelodid catfish collected in the Amazon River basin around Iquitos, Peru, namely, Demidospermus peruvianus n. sp. from Pimelodus ornatus Kner, Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes, Pimelodus sp. (type host), and an unidentified pimelodid. Demidospermus peruvianus n. sp. (type host, Pimelodus sp.) is characterized by the presence of the male copulatory organ with 2 lateral, thickened projections, and the vagina with a loop at its middle. Demidospermus curvovaginatus n. sp. from P. ornatus , Pimelodus sp. (type host), and Pimelodidae gen. sp. differs from its congeners by the presence of a funnel-shaped vagina directed posteriorly and a male copulatory organ with a small lateral projection at its base. Demidospermus striatus n. sp. from P. blochii and Pimelodus sp. (type host) is distinguished by a cup-shaped vagina with conspicuous ridges at the perimeter of the aperture with a short tube directed anteriorly. In addition, Urocleidoides lebedevi Kritsky and Thatcher, 1976 , a parasite originally described from the gills of Pimelodus grosskopfii (type host) from Colombia, is transferred to Demidospermus , based on morphological characters that we observed in type specimens. PMID:21506840

Mendoza-Palmero, Carlos A; Scholz, Tomáš

2011-08-01

495

Utility of vaginal and rectal contrast medium in MRI for the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To study the sensitivity of MRI performed utilising vaginal and rectal opacification with ultrasound gel in the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis. This was a prospective monocentric study. All patients evaluated by the gynaecologist for pelvic pain, endometriosis or infertility were included. Axial and sagittal T2-weighted images were performed both with and without vaginal and rectal opacification with ultrasound gel. Three radiologists, all blinded, interpreted the images with a minimum of 15 days between the two readings. MRI performance with and without vaginal and rectal opacification was evaluated by calculating sensitivity, specificity and both positive and negative predictive values. Seventy-eight patients were included. Among these, 31 patients had deep pelvic endometriosis of which 24 were confirmed by laparoscopy. Seventy-six locations of deep pelvic endometriosis were discovered on MRI. For the three reviewers there was a significant improvement in sensitivity between pre- and post-contrast MRI (p < 0.0002). Opacification of the vagina and rectum significantly improved the sensitivity of MRI for the detection of deep pelvic endometriosis by expanding the vagina and rectum, thus allowing better delineation of the pelvic organs. This was especially apparent for lesions localised to the vagina and rectovaginal septum. (orig.)

496

Excretory urography and ultrasonography in the diagnosis of bilateral ectopic ureters in a foal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 7-week-old Appaloosa filly was admitted for persistent urinary incontinence since birth. Vaginal speculum examination revealed urine flowing from an opening in the right vaginal wall. Cytoscopy demonstrated that the ureters did not terminate at the bladder. The endoscope passed easily from the vagina directly into a dilated right ureter. An excretory urogram confirmed the vaginal termination of at least one ureter, based upon extensive filling of the vagina with contrast media in the absence of bladder filling. Bilateral hydroureter and dilated renal pelves were demonstrated both by excretory urography and by urtrasonography. Euthanasia was required by the owner in lieu of attempted surgical correction. At necroscopy, it was confirmed that the right ureter entered the vagina and the left ureter terminated at the urethra. The diagnosis of bilateral ectopic ureter in this foal was suggested by this history and clinical signs, supported by endoscopy and ultrasonography, and confirmed by excretory urography and necropsy. This case establishes the value of diagnostic imaging techniques in the antemortem diagnosis of ectopic ureter

497

Pengaruh Tepung Teripang Pasir (Holothuria Scabra Terhadap Perilaku Seksual dan Kadar Testosteron Darah Mencit (Mus musculus  

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Full Text Available Sea cucumber is generally believed as a natural material that can be used as a tonic food to increase man vitality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sandfish powder on sexual behavior and blood testosterone level of male mice. Method applied in the study was laboratory experimental method. Mature male mice were treated with administration of sandfish powder with three dosage rate of steroid content (10, 30 and 50 ìg/100 g body weight during 12 days, whereas for control treatment were without hormone administration and with the metil testosterone administration. Parameters that were investigated were kissing vagina and mounting for sexual behavior and the blood testosterone level of male mice. It was found that administration of sandfish powder significantly give effect on the number of kissing vagina and mounting compared to control. Administration of 10 ìg/100 g body weight on male mice showed the highest sexual behavior with 25 kissing vagina for and 6 mounting for 30 minutes. Moreover, administration of sandfish powder increased the testosterone level in the male mice blood. This may due to the steroid contained in sandfish powder and nutrition value that increase mice libido. The study proved that the sandfish powder has a potential as a nature aphrodisiac.

Sarifah Nurjanah

2009-09-01

498

Recurrent microdeletion at 17q12 as a cause of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH syndrome: two case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH consists of congenital aplasia of the uterus and the upper part of vagina due to anomalous development of Müllerian ducts, either isolated or associated with other congenital malformations, including renal, skeletal, hearing and heart defects. This disorder has an incidence of approximately 1 in 4500 newborn girls and the aetiology is poorly understood. Methods and Results we report on two patients affected by MRKH syndrome in which array-CGH analysis disclosed an identical deletion spanning 1.5 Mb of genomic DNA at chromosome 17q12. One patient was affected by complete absence of uterus and vagina, with bilaterally normal ovaries, while the other displayed agenesis of the upper part of vagina, right unicornuate uterus, non cavitating rudimentary left horn and bilaterally multicystic kidneys. The deletion encompassed two candidate genes, TCF2 and LHX1. Mutational screening of these genes in a selected group of 20 MRKH females without 17q12 deletion was negative. Conclusion Deletion 17q12 is a rare albeit recurrent anomaly mediated by segmental duplications, previously reported in subjects with developmental kidney abnormalities and diabetes. The present two patients expand the clinical spectrum associated with this imbalance and suggest that this region is a candidate locus for a subset of MRKH syndrome individuals, with or without renal defects.

Novelli Antonio

2009-11-01

499

Our experience of the use of Martius method to eliminate the vesicovaginal fistula  

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Full Text Available Sometimes after delivery, gynecological or other surgeries, radiological therapy, or destructions of vesico-vaginal septum due to the tumor or trauma, the unnatural communication between the bladder and vagina occurs. Those are fistulas that occur after the delivery (tocogenic caused by the prolonged delivery or some obstetrics operations 1,2. Some fistulas are high, coming from the fundus of the bladder, medium, if they come just behind the trigonum of the bladder, and low, if they are in the level of trigonum and the neck of the bladder3. The purpose of this paper is to show the operative technique of elimination of medium and low vesicovaginal fistula and the results of the treatment. Material and method The elimination of the vesicovaginal fistula by original Martius technique is done through vagina4. The catheter is inserted through the fistula(figure 1. Than the mucosis of the vagina is cut around the fistula and the vaginal wall is separated from the bladder. The catheter is pulled out and the fistula on the bladder is sown with resorptive stitches. Than the labia maiora nearer to the fistula is cut along from Mons Veneris to the middle and the lipoid tissue is taken with vascular pedicle Than the catheter is inserted in the bladder that should stay there for four weeks. This is the method we used to make surgery in twenty patients with vesicovaginal fistula. The first one had the fistula as the result of the Caesarean section. She was operated twice through the bladder without success. The second patient was a fourteen years old girl that cut herself on the glass and damaged anal sfincter, rectum, vagina and the bladder. The fistula appeared later in the level of trigonum of the bladder. The other eighteen patients got fistula after hysterectomy. All patients were treated as described above and fistulas disappeared. The first patient had another baby a year after the operation by Caesarean section. The other patients have regular miction (figure 4 and 5. Discussion and the conclusion Vesicovaginal fistula are serous complications, for the patients and for the doctors. The only treatment of the vesicovaginal fistula is surgical5,6,7. If any damage of the bladder occurs during any operation it should be treated immediately, otherwise the fistula will appear. The treatment depends of the localization of the fistula. Low fistulas and some medium and urethrovaginal fistulas should be approached through vagina and according to our experience Martius,s method is very efficient. The only important thing is when the fistula is detected to wait at least for two or three months for the fistula to "consolidate" and also to cure the infection.

Stanojevi? Dušan

2004-01-01

500

Prevención del prolapso genital en histerectomía abdominal utilizando los ligamentos redondos: Experiencia personal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Prevenir el prolapso de la cúpula vaginal, empleando una técnica peroperatoria que consiste en fijar la cúpula vaginal a los ligamentos redondos, en el momento de realizar la intervención. Métodos: Realizada la histerectomía, se procedió al cierre de la cúpula vaginal con puntos separados [...] en número de 6 a 8 con material no absorbible, dependiendo de la amplitud de la vagina. Los cabos distales son utilizados para anudar horizontalmente los ligamentos redondos. La fijación de las dos paredes del extremo superior de la vagina, garantiza mayor estabilidad de la vagina y menor posibilidad de producir el prolapso de la cúpula y/o de las paredes anterior y posterior de la vagina. Ambiente: Servicio de Ginecología, Hospital Universitario de Caracas Resultados: Las 124 pacientes histerectomizadas y controladas anualmente en un lapso entre 2 y 27 años, con un promedio de 7 años, ninguna de ellas presentó prolapso de cúpula vaginal. Las histerectomías se realizaron en el ejercicio privado. En centros asistenciales públicos, es muy difícil hacer seguimiento y evaluar las pacientes, por razones múltiples. Conclusiones: La histerectomía ocupa el primer lugar de las intervenciones ginecológicas, esto obliga a realizar la suspensión y fijación de la cúpula vaginal y simultáneamente corregir la patología asociada del aparato genital. El procedimiento que hemos empleado tuvo resultados muy favorables. La calidad de vida de las mujeres intervenidas quirúrgicamente no se desmejoró, como suele suceder cuando se produce el prolapso de la cúpula vaginal. Abstract in english Objective: To prevent vaginal vault prolapse, using a preoperative technique to fix the vaginal vault to the round ligaments in total abdominal hysterectomy, and identify associated pathology in the genital area. Methods: After hysterectomy, we proceed to the closure of the vaginal vault with interr [...] upted sutures with non-absorbable material, in number of 6-8, depending of the amplitude of the vagina, the distal ends are used to tie horizontally bilateral round ligaments. The setting of the two upper walls of the vagina, ensures greater stability of the vagina and lower possibility of occurrence of prolapse of the dome and/or the anterior and posterior vaginal walls. Setting: Servicio de Ginecologia, Hospital Universitario de Caracas Results: The 124 patients undergoing hysterectomy, checked annually over a period of time between 2 and 27 years, with an average of 7 years, neither had vaginal prolapse. Conclusion: Histerectomy is the firstone gynecological operation. It requires making the suspension and fixation of the vaginal vault and simultaneously correct the genital tract associated pathology. The procedure we used had very favorable results. We can not compare our results with other techniques, do to scarse national an international references. The quality of life of women surgically intervened did not deteriorated, as usually happens when there is prolapse of the vaginal vault.

Farith, Atías.

2010-06-01