WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Comparing buprenorphine induction experience with heroin and prescription opioid users  

Science.gov (United States)

Prescription opioid (PO) dependent treatment presentations are becoming increasingly common, however, most research on the treatment of opioid dependent populations has been conducted in heroin users. The aim of this secondary data analysis was to compare the buprenorphine induction experience of 167 heroin and 61 PO users. Results demonstrate that although the groups differed on some baseline characteristics, many of the key induction experience variables were comparable between the groups. Heroin users were found to have significantly higher pre-induction Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) scores (p = .014) and post-induction COWS score (p = .008) compared to the PO users. No differences between groups were found for self-reported craving and withdrawal scores, mean buprenorphine dose on day 1, or retention at the end of the first week. The findings of this study suggest existing buprenorphine induction practices developed for heroin users appear to be equally effective with PO users.

Nielsen, Suzanne; Hillhouse, Maureen; Mooney, Larissa; Fahey, Jacqueline; Ling, Walter

2012-01-01

2

Bias in Observational Studies of Prevalent Users: Lessons for Comparative Effectiveness Research From a Meta-Analysis of Statins  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are usually the preferred strategy with which to generate evidence of comparative effectiveness, but conducting an RCT is not always feasible. Though observational studies and RCTs often provide comparable estimates, the questioning of observational analyses has recently intensified because of randomized-observational discrepancies regarding the effect of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy on coronary heart disease. Reanalyses of observational data th...

2012-01-01

3

Comparing Task Models for User Interface Design  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many task models, task analysis methods, and supporting tools have been introduced in the literature and are widely used in practice. With this comes need to understand their scopes and their differences. This chapter provides a thorough review of selected, significant task models along with their method and supporting tools. For this purpose, a meta-model of each task model is expressed as an Entity-Relationship-Attribute schema (ERA) and discussed. This leads to a comparative analysis of ta...

Limbourg, Quentin; Vanderdonckt, Jean

2003-01-01

4

Trajectory analysis and optimization system (TAOS) user`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Trajectory Analysis and Optimization System (TAOS) is software that simulates point--mass trajectories for multiple vehicles. It expands upon the capabilities of the Trajectory Simulation and Analysis program (TAP) developed previously at Sandia National Laboratories. TAOS is designed to be a comprehensive analysis tool capable of analyzing nearly any type of three degree-of-freedom, point-mass trajectory. Trajectories are broken into segments, and within each segment, guidance rules provided by the user control how the trajectory is computed. Parametric optimization provides a powerful method for satisfying mission-planning constraints. Althrough TAOS is not interactive, its input and output files have been designed for ease of use. When compared to TAP, the capability to analyze trajectories for more than one vehicle is the primary enhancement, although numerous other small improvements have been made. This report documents the methods used in TAOS as well as the input and output file formats.

Salguero, D.E.

1995-12-01

5

Relative injury severity among vulnerable non-motorised road users: comparative analysis of injury arising from bicycle-motor vehicle and bicycle-pedestrian collisions.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the expansion of bicycle usage and limited funding and/or space for segregated pedestrian and bicycle paths, there is a need for traffic, road design and local government engineers to decide if it is more appropriate for space to be shared between either cyclists and pedestrians, or between cars and cyclists, and what restrictions need to be applied in such circumstances. To provide knowledge to aid engineers and policy makers in making these decisions, this study explored death and morbidity data for the state of New South Wales, Australia to examine rates and severity of injury arising from collisions between pedestrians and cyclists, and between cyclists and motor vehicles (MVs). An analysis of the severity of hospitalised injuries was conducted using International Classification of Diseases, Version 10, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) diagnosis-based Injury Severity Score (ICISS) and the Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) was used to measure burden of injury arising from collisions resulting in death or hospitalisation. The greatest burden of injury in NSW, for the studied collision mechanisms, is for cyclists who are injured in collisions with motor vehicles. Collisions between cyclists and pedestrians also result in significant injuries. For all collision mechanisms, the odds of serious injury on admission are greater for the elderly than for those in other age groups. The significant burden of injury arising from collisions of cyclists and MVs needs to be addressed. However in the absence of appropriate controls, increasing the opportunity for conflict between cyclists and pedestrians (through an increase in shared spaces for these users) may shift the burden of injury from cyclists to pedestrians, in particular, older pedestrians. PMID:19887170

Chong, Shanley; Poulos, Roslyn; Olivier, Jake; Watson, Wendy L; Grzebieta, Raphael

2010-01-01

6

User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns within LHCb and experience with the updated LHCb DIRAC workload management system are presented.

2010-04-01

7

Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa / Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1) [...] , e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2), foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%), anisometropia (18,6%) e esotropia (16,9%). Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%), ametropia e leucoma (18,6%) cada, e phthisis (16,3%). A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável) no grupo 1 (45,8%) e no grupo 2 (32,6%). A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3%) e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%). CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife [...] - PE- Brazil - group 1), and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2), was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%), anisometropia (18.6%) and esotropia (16.9%). In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%), ametropia (18.6%), leukoma (18.6%) and phthisis (16.3%). Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8%) and in group 2 (32.6%). The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3%) and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%). CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

Daniela Araújo, Toscano; Ana Cláudia Tabosa, Florêncio; Maria da Conceição, Sales; Márcia Trovão Duarte, Cavalcanti; Daniela Almeida Lyra, Antunes.

8

Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1, e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2, foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%, anisometropia (18,6% e esotropia (16,9%. Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%, ametropia e leucoma (18,6% cada, e phthisis (16,3%. A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável no grupo 1 (45,8% e no grupo 2 (32,6%. A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3% e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%. CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se.PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife - PE- Brazil - group 1, and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2, was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%, anisometropia (18.6% and esotropia (16.9%. In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%, ametropia (18.6%, leukoma (18.6% and phthisis (16.3%. Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8% and in group 2 (32.6%. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3% and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

Daniela Araújo Toscano

2009-04-01

9

Comparative risk analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper, the risks of various energy systems are discussed considering severe accidents analysis, particularly the probabilistic safety analysis, and probabilistic safety criteria, and the applications of these criteria and analysis. The comparative risk analysis has demonstrated that the largest source of risk in every society is from daily small accidents. Nevertheless, we have to be more concerned about severe accidents. The comparative risk analysis of five different energy systems (coal, oil, gas, LWR and STEC (Solar)) for the public has shown that the main sources of risks are coal and oil. The latest comparative risk study of various energy has been conducted in the USA and has revealed that the number of victims from coal is 42 as many than victims from nuclear. A study for severe accidents from hydro-dams in United States has estimated the probability of dam failures at 1 in 10,000 years and the number of victims between 11,000 and 260,000. The average occupational risk from coal is one fatal accident in 1,000 workers/year. The probabilistic safety analysis is a method that can be used to assess nuclear energy risks, and to analyze the severe accidents, and to model all possible accident sequences and consequences. The 'Fault tree' analysis is used to know the probability of failure of the different systems at each point of accident sequences and to calculate the probability of risks. After calculating the probability of failure, the criteria for judging the numerical results have to be developed, that is the quantitative and qualitative goals. To achieve these goals, several systems have been devised by various countries members of AIEA. The probabilistic safety ana-lysis method has been developed by establishing a computer program permit-ting to know different categories of safety related information. 19 tabs. (author)

1988-01-01

10

Component analysis of respirator user training.  

Science.gov (United States)

Respirators must be properly used to be effective. In an experimental protocol, 145 subjects were trained and then observed donning and doffing respirators. Filtering facepiece and dual cartridge half face mask types were studied. Subjects were then tested for knowledge and for proper performance using video recording analysis. Knowledge tests showed adequate learning, but performance was often poor. Inspection, strap tension (half mask), seal checking, and avoiding mask contact during doffing were particularly problematic. Mask positioning was generally well done. Correlation between knowledge and performance for specific items was generally poor, although there was a weak correlation between overall knowledge and overall performance (rho = 0.32) for the half mask users. Actual unprompted performance as well as knowledge and fit-testing should be assessed for user certification. Respirator design approval should consider users' ability to learn proper technique. PMID:24011265

Harber, Philip; Boumis, Robert J; Su, Jing; Barrett, Sarah; Alongi, Gabriela

2013-01-01

11

Automation of user analysis workflow in CMS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CMS has a distributed computing model, based on a hierarchy of tiered regional computing centres. However, the end physicist is not interested in the details of the computing model nor the complexity of the underlying infrastructure, but only to access and use efficiently and easily the remote services. The CMS Remote Analysis Builder (CRAB) is the official CMS tool that allows the access to the distributed data in a transparent way. We present the current development direction, which is focused on improving the interface presented to the user and adding intelligence to CRAB such that it can be used to automate more and more the work done on behalf of user. We also present the status of deployment of the CRAB system and the lessons learnt in deploying this tool to the CMS collaboration.

2010-04-01

12

Comparing the Iowa and Soochow gambling tasks in opiate users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT is in many respects the gold-standard for demonstrating decision-making in drug using groups. However, it is not clear how basic task properties such as the frequency and magnitude of rewards and losses affect choice behaviour in drug users and even in healthy players. In this study, we used a variant of the IGT, the Soochow Gambling Task (SGT, to observe choice behaviour in opiate users and healthy decision makers in a task where reward frequency is not confounded with the long-term outcome of each alternative. In both opiate users (n=26 and healthy controls (n=27, we show that reward frequency strongly influences choice behaviour in the IGT and SGT. Neither group showed a consistent preference across tasks for alternatives with good long-term outcomes, but rather, subjects appeared to prefer alternatives that win most frequently. We interpret this as evidence to suggest that healthy players perform better than opiate users on the IGT because they are able to utilize gain-loss frequencies to guide their choice behaviour on the task. This challenges the previous notion that poorer performance on the IGT in drug users is due to an inability to be guided by future consequences.

RebeccaKerestes

2012-03-01

13

Security Analysis of the Swedish Road User Charging System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A security analysis based on probabilities, consequences and costs resulted in a priority ranking for physical, logical and human threats for the proposed Swedish road user charging system using a smartcard solution. Countermeasures are described as top prioritized, highly prioritized, average prioritized and low prioritized and compared to operational errors. Logical countermeasures like encryption and local buffering are most cost efficient to implement and different...

Carlsson, Bengt; Boldt, Martin

2008-01-01

14

Evaluation of Microblog Users’ Influence Based on PageRank and Users Behavior Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper explores the uses’ influences on microblog. At first, according to the social network theory, we present an analysis of information transmitting network structure based on the relationship of following and followed phenomenon of microblog users. Informed by the microblog user behavior analysis, the paper also addresses a model for calculating wei...

Lijuan Huang; Yeming Xiong

2013-01-01

15

Process-oriented evaluation of user interactions in integrated system analysis tools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

When computer-based tools are used for analysis of complex systems, the design of user interactions and interfaces becomes an essential part of development that determines the overall quality. The objective of this study is to investigate the processes and results of user interactions with integrated analysis tools to synthesize design implications for future tool development. In this study, two space exploration logistics tools are compared in a controlled user experiment. Through a comparat...

2012-01-01

16

Residential Network Traffic and User Behavior Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Internet usage is changing and the demands on the broadband networks are ever increasing. So it is still crucial to understand today's network traffic and the usage patterns of the end users, which will lead to more efficient network design, energy and costs savings, and improvement of the service offered to end users. This thesis aims at finding hidden patterns of traffic and user behavior in a residential fiber based access network. To address the problem, a systematic framework of traffic ...

Zhang, Yichi

2010-01-01

17

Content analysis of user generated video  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Due to the availability of online repositories, such as YouTube and social networking sites, there has been a tremendous increase in the amount of personal video generated and consumed by average users. Such video is often referred to as user generated video (UGV) or consumer video as opposed to produced video, which is produced and edited by professionals. Examples of produced video are television programs, movies, and commercials. The large amount of user generated content available has inc...

2009-01-01

18

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) user`s manual. Revision 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) calculates the consequences of the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. Using a personal computer, a user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or nuclear criticalities. RSAC-5 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated through the inhalation, immersion, ground surface, and ingestion pathways. RSAC+, a menu-driven companion program to RSAC-5, assists users in creating and running RSAC-5 input files. This user`s manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-5 and RSAC+. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-5 and RSAC+. These programs are designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Wenzel, D.R.

1994-02-01

19

User office proposal handling and analysis software  

CERN Multimedia

At FRM-II the installation of a user office software is under consideration, supporting tasks like proposal handling, beam time allocation, data handling and report creation. Although there are several software systems in use at major facilities, most of them are not portable to other institutes. In this paper the requirements for a modular and extendable user office software are discussed with focus on security related aspects like how to prevent a denial of service attack on fully automated systems. A suitable way seems to be the creation of a web based application using Apache as webserver, MySQL as database system and PHP as scripting language.

Beckmann, J; Beckmann, Joern; Pulz, Joerg

2002-01-01

20

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

User friendly gamma spectrum analysis in a multiuser environment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

SAMPO type algorithms have been combined into a totally new user friendly gamma spectrum analysis program APOGEE. Multiple users are supported even on minimal computer configurations. Up to eight different MCAs with up to eight ADCs each can be controlled by a single user. Extensive utility functions such as editing gamma libraries, defining and listing system parameters, tabulating or plotting calibration data, etc., is all built into APOGEE

1984-01-01

22

Semantic compared cross impact analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of cross impact analysis (CIA) is to predict the impact of a first event on a second. For organizations strategic planning, it is helpful to identify the impacts among organizations internal events and to compare these impacts to the corresponding impacts of external events from organizations competitors. For this, literature has introduced compared cross impact analysis (CCIA) that depicts advantages and disadvantages of the relationships between organizations events to the relations...

2014-01-01

23

FPGA Based OM Analysis of User Authentication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays inter-disciplinary research studies are emerging rapidly to improve the effective usage of individual domains. This study integrates User Authentication, Opinion Mining (OM and Field programmable Gate Array (FPGA. It is a good practice for any organization to get the opinion of their employees before implementing a new mechanism. This study deals about getting opinions from employees about a variety of entry and exit securities and processing to have decision support information. The user satisfaction opinions and organization’s affordability are analyzed for obtaining better authentication mechanism to prevent unauthorized entries. Since opinion mining process involves processing of large corpus, the objective of this study is to combine FPGA and thereby increasing the efficiency and performance of the system speed.

N. Bharathi

2014-01-01

24

Comparative Analysis of University Sports  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The authors compare collegiate sports governance in Turkey and the United States using comparative analysis techniques. Using the U.S. National Collegiate Athletic Association as a model, the authors evaluate structural and political aspects of the Turkish University Sports Federation to identify new potentialities for its growth and for the support of collegiate sports within Turkey.

2012-01-01

25

ORMONTE, Uncertainty Analysis for User-Developed System Models  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

1 - Description of program or function: ORMONTE is a generic multivariable uncertainty analysis driver which can be linked to any FORTRAN model supplied by the user. The user tells ORMONTE which variables in his model are uncertain and describes the associated probability distributions. The user also tells ORMONTE which outputs from his model are of interest and for which uncertainty profiles are desired. Given the uncertainties in the inputs, ORMONTE samples the user-defined input distributions and 'drives' or runs the users model enough times such that a probability histogram or profile is constructed for the user-defined outputs of interest. ORMONTE can also perform sequential one-variable-at-a-time sensitivity studies and elasticity analysis. The user-supplied model is not restricted to a shielding model. Any FORTRAN model where uncertain outputs can be represented as functions of uncertain, independent inputs can be used. The ORMONTE package includes a set of Probability Data Analysis (PDA) routines for converting raw probability data into probability distribution format suitable for input to ORMONTE. 2 - Method of solution: ORMONTE uses the Monte Carlo technique to sample user-defined input probability distributions. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: None noted

1991-01-01

26

User-definable bull's-eye database analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We developed a type of bull's-eye analysis which facilitates user-defined processing, and then explored the effects of various types of processing on the comparisons of patient information with that of reference databases. Male and female bull's-eye database were generated from 32 normal patients using unweighted 2D prefiltering, ramp backprojection, unweighted 3D postfiltering, and peak value circumferential plotting (base method). The data from each patient were then reprocessed and compared to the databases by means of three different approaches: (1) using the base method, (2) using average as opposed to peak value profiles, and (3) using a resolution recovery prefilter instead of a smoothing prefilter. Significant differences in the number of apparently abnormal regions were found between the three methods. In other words, the type of SPET-processing affected the accuracy of comparisons between patient and database information. Because even sophisticated analysis can now be performed on personal computers, we conclude that, rather than a pre-processed data file, clinical ''normal reference'' information should consist of original SPET data from a series of documented normal patients. Each user could then generate reference bull's-eye database by applying his or her own clinical processing procedures to the data. (orig./MG)

1994-02-01

27

Beyond Categories: A Structural Analysis of the Social Representations of Information Users' Collective Perceptions on 'Relevance'  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Relevance has a long history of scholarly investigation and discussion in information science. One of its notable concepts is that of 'user-based' relevance. The purpose of this study is to examine how users construct their perspective on the concept of relevance; to analyze what the constituent elements (facets of relevance are, in terms of core-periphery status; and to compare the difference of constructions of two groups of users (information users vs. information professionals as applied with a social representations theory perspective. Data were collected from 244 information users and 123 information professionals through use of a free word association method. Three methods were employed to analyze data: (1 content analysis was used to elicit 26 categories (facets of the concept of relevance; (2 structural analysis of social representations was used to determine the core-periphery status of those facets in terms of coreness, sum of similarity, and weighted frequency; and, (3 maximum tree analysis was used to present and compare the differences between the two groups. Elicited categories in this study overlap with the ones from previous relevance studies, while the findings of a core-periphery analysis show that Topicality, User-needs, Reliability/Credibility, and Importance are configured as core concepts for the information user group, while Topicality, User-needs, Reliability/Credibility, and Currency are core concepts for the information professional group. Differences between the social representations of relevance revealed that Topicality was similar to User-needs and to Importance. Author is closely related to Title while Reliability/Credibility is linked with Currency. Easiness/Clarity is similar to Accuracy. Overall, information users and professionals function with a similar social collective of shared meanings for the concept of relevance. The overall findings identify the core and periphery concepts of relevance and their relationships in terms of coreness, similarity, and weighted frequency.

Boryung Ju

2013-06-01

28

Relay Selection and Performance Analysis in Multiple-User Networks  

CERN Document Server

This paper investigates the relay selection (RS) problem in networks with multiple users and multiple common amplify-and-forward (AF) relays. Considering the overall quality-of-service of the network, we first specify our definition of optimal RS for multiple-user relay networks. Then an optimal RS (ORS) algorithm is provided, which is a straightforward extension of an RS scheme in the literature that maximizes the minimum end-to-end receive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of all users. The complexity of the ORS is quadratic in both the number of users and the number of relays. Then a suboptimal RS (SRS) scheme is proposed, which has linear complexity in the number of relays and quadratic complexity in the number of users. Furthermore, diversity orders of both the ORS and the proposed SRS are theoretically derived and compared with those of a naive RS scheme and the single-user RS network. It is shown that the ORS achieves full diversity; while the diversity order of the SRS decreases with the the number of users...

Atapattu, Saman; Jiang, Hai; Tellambura, Chintha

2011-01-01

29

Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester parameters be held and managed in a single managed data repository, while allows users to customize standard values and perform individual analysis. Server-based calculations can be easily extended, versions and upgrades managed, and any changes are immediately available to all users. This user manual describes how to use and/or modify input database tables, run DANA, view and modify reports.

Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

2012-10-01

30

Conversation Analysis and the User Experience  

CERN Multimedia

We provide two case studies in the application of ideas drawn from conversation analysis to the design of technologies that enhance the experience of human conversation. We first present a case study of the design of an electronic guidebook, focusing on how conversation analytic principles played a role in the design process. We then discuss how the guidebook project has inspired our continuing work in social, mobile audio spaces. In particular, we describe some as yet unrealized concepts for adaptive audio spaces.

Woodruff, A; Woodruff, Allison; Aoki, Paul M.

2004-01-01

31

User`s manual of a support system for human reliability analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many kinds of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, users are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer (PC) based support system for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system consists of two methods, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability (HEP) data were collected and a database of them was built to use for the support system. This paper describes outline of the HRA methods, support functions and user`s guide of the system. (author).

Yokobayashi, Masao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Tamura, Kazuo

1995-10-01

32

User-definable resource bounds analysis for logic programs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a static analysis that infers both upper and lower bounds on the usage that a logic program makes of a set of user-definable resources. The inferred bounds will in general be functions of input data sizes. A resource in our approach is a quite general, user-defined notion which associates a basic cost function with elementary operations. The analysis then derives the related (upper- and lower-bound) resource usage functions for all predicates in the program. We also present an asse...

Navas, J.; Mera, E.; Lo?pez Garci?a, Pedro; Hermenegildo Salinas, Manuel Vicente

2007-01-01

33

Residence time distribution software analysis. User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiotracer applications cover a wide range of industrial activities in chemical and metallurgical processes, water treatment, mineral processing, environmental protection and civil engineering. Experiment design, data acquisition, treatment and interpretation are the basic elements of tracer methodology. The application of radiotracers to determine impulse response as RTD as well as the technical conditions for conducting experiments in industry and in the environment create a need for data processing using special software. Important progress has been made during recent years in the preparation of software programs for data treatment and interpretation. The software package developed for industrial process analysis and diagnosis by the stimulus-response methods contains all the methods for data processing for radiotracer experiments

1996-12-01

34

USER'S GUIDE MICRONUCLEUS ASSAY DATA MANAGEMENT AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM  

Science.gov (United States)

This user's manual provides guidance to researchers and the regulatory community for interacting with a data management and statistical analysis system, designated MN. N is dedicated to the in vivo micronucleus test, a routinely used genetic toxicology assay for chemical compound...

35

Study and Analysis of Software Development and User Satisfaction Level  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been observed that the design and development of the software is usually not carried out keeping in mind the satisfaction level of user, software cost and problems encountered during usage. The user satisfaction level may depend upon parameters including software exploration SE, software quality satisfaction level SQ, software cost SC, problems encountered during work SPE and time taken to rectify the problems ST. However, mostly the satisfaction level of the software is not as high as the cost involved. An analysis of the level of satisfaction of the software vis-a-vis the cost can help understand and further improve the software development process [1].

Jamwal, Deepshikha; Abrol, Pawanesh; Padha, Devanand

36

Users' guide to CACECO containment analysis code. [LMFBR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The CACECO containment analysis code was developed to predict the thermodynamic responses of LMFBR containment facilities to a variety of accidents. The code is included in the National Energy Software Center Library at Argonne National Laboratory as Program No. 762. This users' guide describes the CACECO code and its data input requirements. The code description covers the many mathematical models used and the approximations used in their solution. The descriptions are detailed to the extent that the user can modify the code to suit his unique needs, and, indeed, the reader is urged to consider code modification acceptable.

Peak, R.D.

1979-06-01

37

Comparative analysis of collaboration networks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper we carry out a comparative analysis of the word network as the collaboration network based on the novel by M. Bulgakov 'Master and Margarita', the synonym network of the Russian language as well as the Russian movie actor network. We have constructed one-mode projections of these networks, defined degree distributions for them and have calculated main characteristics. In the paper a generation algorithm of collaboration networks has been offered which allows one to generate networks statistically equivalent to the studied ones. It lets us reveal a structural correlation between word network, synonym network and movie actor network. We show that the degree distributions of all analyzable networks are described by the distribution of q-type.

2011-03-14

38

Software Users Manual (SUM): Extended Testability Analysis (ETA) Tool  

Science.gov (United States)

This software user manual describes the implementation and use the Extended Testability Analysis (ETA) Tool. The ETA Tool is a software program that augments the analysis and reporting capabilities of a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) testability analysis software package called the Testability Engineering And Maintenance System (TEAMS) Designer. An initial diagnostic assessment is performed by the TEAMS Designer software using a qualitative, directed-graph model of the system being analyzed. The ETA Tool utilizes system design information captured within the diagnostic model and testability analysis output from the TEAMS Designer software to create a series of six reports for various system engineering needs. The ETA Tool allows the user to perform additional studies on the testability analysis results by determining the detection sensitivity to the loss of certain sensors or tests. The ETA Tool was developed to support design and development of the NASA Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle. The diagnostic analysis provided by the ETA Tool was proven to be valuable system engineering output that provided consistency in the verification of system engineering requirements. This software user manual provides a description of each output report generated by the ETA Tool. The manual also describes the example diagnostic model and supporting documentation - also provided with the ETA Tool software release package - that were used to generate the reports presented in the manual

Maul, William A.; Fulton, Christopher E.

2011-01-01

39

Comparative Analysis of Yandex and Google Search Engines  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis presents a comparative analysis of algorithms and information retrieval performance of two search engines: Yandex and Google in the Russian language. Comparing two search engines is usually done with user satisfaction studies and market share measures in addition to the basic comparison measures. Yandex is the most popular search engine in Russia, while Google is the most popular search engine in the world and well known for the quality of the results. The most common opinion a...

Paananen, Anna

2012-01-01

40

Learning Mobile App Design from User Review Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a new learning environment for developers of mobile apps that merges two quite different views of the same topic. Creative design and system engineering are core issues in the development process that are based on diverging principles. This new learning environment aims to address both points of view by not suppressing one of them but trying to benefit from both. User review content analysis is introduced as a tool to generate information that is useful for both aspects.

Elisabeth Platzer; Otto Petrovic

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Graphical User Interface for Simulink Integrated Performance Analysis Model  

Science.gov (United States)

The J-2X Engine (built by Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne,) in the Upper Stage of the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle, will only start within a certain range of temperature and pressure for Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Oxygen propellants. The purpose of the Simulink Integrated Performance Analysis Model is to verify that in all reasonable conditions the temperature and pressure of the propellants are within the required J-2X engine start boxes. In order to run the simulation, test variables must be entered at all reasonable values of parameters such as heat leak and mass flow rate. To make this testing process as efficient as possible in order to save the maximum amount of time and money, and to show that the J-2X engine will start when it is required to do so, a graphical user interface (GUI) was created to allow the input of values to be used as parameters in the Simulink Model, without opening or altering the contents of the model. The GUI must allow for test data to come from Microsoft Excel files, allow those values to be edited before testing, place those values into the Simulink Model, and get the output from the Simulink Model. The GUI was built using MATLAB, and will run the Simulink simulation when the Simulate option is activated. After running the simulation, the GUI will construct a new Microsoft Excel file, as well as a MATLAB matrix file, using the output values for each test of the simulation so that they may graphed and compared to other values.

Durham, R. Caitlyn

2009-01-01

42

Strategic Analysis of Trust Models for User-Centric Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We present a strategic analysis of a trust model that has recently been proposed for promoting cooperative behaviour in user-centric networks. The mechanism for cooperation is based on a combination of reputation and virtual currency schemes in which service providers reward paying customers and punish non-paying ones by adjusting their reputation, and hence the price they pay for services. We model and analyse this system using PRISM-games, a tool that performs automated verification and strategy synthesis for stochastic multi-player games using the probabilistic alternating-time temporal logic with rewards (rPATL. We construct optimal strategies for both service users and providers, which expose potential risks of the cooperation mechanism and which we use to devise improvements that counteract these risks.

Marta Kwiatkowska

2013-03-01

43

Comparative analysis of metal samples  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Metal wastes were analysed to establish its origin with respect to a set of pieces. The elemental analysis was realized using the PIXE technique (Proton induced X-ray emission). Results are presented. (Author)

2001-12-05

44

Comparing Response Time, Errors, and Satisfaction Between Text-based and Graphical User Interfaces During Nursing Order Tasks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite the general adoption of graphical users interfaces (GUIs) in health care, few empirical data document the impact of this move on system users. This study compares two distinctly different user interfaces, a legacy text-based interface and a prototype graphical interface, for differences in nurses' response time (RT), errors, and satisfaction when the interfaces are used in the performance of computerized nursing order tasks. In a medical center on the East Coast of the United St...

Staggers, Nancy; Kobus, David

2000-01-01

45

A Comparative Study of Library Surveys of Internet Users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compares data collected in library surveys of Internet users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001 to provide information on changes in library users' Internet use behavior, satisfaction levels, and problems in using the Internet. Discusses use of the university library home page; search strategies; and search training. (Author/LRW)

Bao, Xue-Ming

2002-01-01

46

User Interface Design for Analysis of Sensor Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the future network-based Swedish Defence (NBD), attaining information superiority will be of great importance. This will be achieved by a network of networks where decision-makers, information- and weapon-systems are linked together. As a part of the development of NBD, we have performed a study of user interface design for a future network-based tool package for analysis of sensor systems, referred to as the C2SR-system. This thesis was performed at Ericsson Microwave Systems AB, Sensor ...

Jonsson, Lisa; Sallhammar, Karin

2003-01-01

47

CMS dashboard for monitoring of the user analysis activities  

CERN Document Server

The CMS Virtual Organisation (VO) uses various fully distributed job submission methods and execution backends. The CMS jobs are processed on several middleware platforms such as the gLite, the ARC and the OSG. Up to 200,000 CMS jobs are submitted daily to the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure and this number is steadily growing. These mentioned factors increase the complexity of the monitoring of the user analysis activities within the CMS VO. Reliable monitoring is an aspect of particular importance; it is a vital factor for the overall improvement of the quality of the CMS VO infrastructure.

INFN, Bari; Maier, Gerhild

2009-01-01

48

BWR plant dynamic analysis code BWRDYN user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Computer code BWRDYN has been developed for thermal-hydraulic analysis of a BWR plant. It can analyze the various types of transient caused by not only small but also large disturbances such as operating mode changes and/or system malfunctions. The verification of main analytical models of the BWRDYN code has been performed with measured data of actual BWR plant. Furthermore, the installation of BOP (Balance of Plant) model has made it possible to analyze the effect of BOP on reactor system. This report describes on analytical models and instructions for user of the BWRDYN code. (author)

1989-01-01

49

Quality of Online Chat Reference Answers Differ between Local and Consortium Library Staff: Providing Consortium Staff with More Local Information Can Mitigate these Differences. A Review of: Meert, D.L., & Given, L.M. (2009. Measuring quality in chat reference consortia: A comparative analysis of responses to users’ queries.” College & Research Libraries, 70(1, 71?84.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To evaluate the quality of answers from a 24/7 online chat reference service by comparing the responses given by local and consortia library staff using in?house reference standards, and by assessing whether or not the questions were answered in real time.Design – Comparative analysis of online chat reference transcripts.Setting – Large academic library in Alberta, Canada.Subjects – A total of online chat reference transcripts from the first year of consortium service were analyzed for this study. Of these, 252 were answered by local library staff and 226 from consortia (non?local library staff.Methods – A stratified random sample of 1,402 transcripts were collected from the first year of consortium service (beginning of October to end of April. This method was then applied monthly, resulting in a sample size of 478 transcripts. In the first part of the study, responses were coded within the transcripts with a “yes” or “no” label to determine if they met the standards set by the local university library’s reference management. Reference transaction standards included questions regarding whether or not correct information or instructions were given and if not, whether the user was referred to an authoritative source for the correct information. The second part of the study coded transcripts with a “yes” or “no” designation as to whether the user received an answer from the staff member in “real time” and if not, was further analyzed to determine why the user did not receive a real?time response. Each transcript was coded as reflecting one of four “question categories” that included library user information, request for instruction, request for academic information, and miscellaneous/non?library questions.Main Results – When all question types were integrated, analysis revealed that local library staff met reference transaction standards 94% of the time. Consortia staff met these same standards 82% of the time. The groups showed the most significant differences when separated into the question categories. Local library staff met the standards for “Library User Information” questions 97% of the time, while consortia staff met the standards only 76% of the time. “Request for Instruction” questions were answered with 97% success by local library staff and with 84% success by consortia. Local library staff met the “Request for Academic Information” standards 90% of the time while consortia staff met these standards 87% of the time. For “Miscellaneous Non?Library Information” questions, 93% of local and 83% of consortia staff met the reference transaction standards. For the second part of the study, 89% of local library staff answered the questions in real time, as opposed to only 69% of non?local staff. The three most common reasons for not answering in real time (known as deferment categories included not knowing the answer (48% local; 40% consortia, technical difficulty (26% local; 16% consortia, and information not being available (15% local; 31% consortia.Conclusion – The results of this research reveal that there are differences in the quality of answers between local and non?local staff when taking part in an online chat reference consortium, although these discrepancies vary depending on the type of question. Providing non?local librarians with the information they need to answer questions accurately and in real time can mitigate these differences.

Laura Newton Miller

2010-03-01

50

The ESA River and Lake System: Current Capabilities and User Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Measuring the earth's river and lake resources using satellite radar altimetry offers a unique global monitoring capability, which complements the detailed measurements made by the steadily decreasing number of in-situ gauges. To exploit this unique remote monitoring capability, a global pilot scheme was implemented in 2005 to derive river and lake surface height measurements from multi-mission satellite radar altimetry. Currently Near-Real-Time (NRT) products from the Jason-2 satellite altimeter are automatically generated within 3 days of the satellite measurement. Jason-1 and EnviSat, before it switched into its new 30-day orbit, have also produced NRT results. EnviSat RA-2 provided results for 1229 targets globally, with an additional 52 targets available from Jason-2. Cumulatively these combined missions represent over 20,000 measurements spanning 9 years. Supplementing the available NRT data are historical records and time-series. These are available for the complete EnviSat RA-2 35 day mission period and Jason-2. As the system has been in continuous operation it is possible to derive multi-mission results for a number of targets, providing users with easy access to a valuable historical reference of inland water height variation. This paper presents an overview of the current capabilities of the River and Lake Near-Real-Time system, along with examples of combined time-series over a number of targets. Many users have subscribed to this service, with requirements encompassing water resource management, river modelling, hydroelectric power generation and siting of in-situ gauges. Using the records from this very successful pilot scheme, a detailed analysis of River & Lake users has been undertaken to investigate user geographic distribution and data requirements, and to assess trends among the user data. The main focus of this analysis was based on overall current users, subscribed users and subscribed targets. From this analysis, it was observed that the majority of users are located in European countries, with a significant proportion also from the USA. The global analysis showed that the subscribed users occur in higher proportion from developed countries compared to developing countries. A significant number of developing countries also have subscribed users; this is particularly true for users choosing the email option, where data from subscribed targets are automatically sent to users every time new data are created. In contrast, the majority of the subscribed targets obtained from the web interface are found to be within developing countries. A global target analysis revealed that the most popular targets subscribed to with this service are within Asia. The analysis indicate that most of the subscribed users that were not from Asia and Africa were interested in targets within those developing continents, emphasising the critical importance of the River and Lake service in providing key data over targets where in-situ gauge data are not available.

Berry, P. A.; Smith, R. G.; Salloway, M. K.; Quessou, M.; Dinardo, S.; Lucas, B. M.; Benveniste, J.

2012-12-01

51

A graphical user interface for infant ERP analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recording of event-related potentials (ERPs) is one of the best-suited technologies for examining brain function in human infants. Yet the existing software packages are not optimized for the unique requirements of analyzing artifact-prone ERP data from infants. We developed a new graphical user interface that enables an efficient implementation of a two-stage approach to the analysis of infant ERPs. In the first stage, video records of infant behavior are synchronized with ERPs at the level of individual trials to reject epochs with noncompliant behavior and other artifacts. In the second stage, the interface calls MATLAB and EEGLAB (Delorme & Makeig, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 134(1):9-21, 2004) functions for further preprocessing of the ERP signal itself (i.e., filtering, artifact removal, interpolation, and rereferencing). Finally, methods are included for data visualization and analysis by using bootstrapped group averages. Analyses of simulated and real EEG data demonstrated that the proposed approach can be effectively used to establish task compliance, remove various types of artifacts, and perform representative visualizations and statistical comparisons of ERPs. The interface is available for download from http://www.uta.fi/med/icl/methods/eeg.html in a format that is widely applicable to ERP studies with special populations and open for further editing by users. PMID:24264591

Kaatiala, Jussi; Yrttiaho, Santeri; Forssman, Linda; Perdue, Katherine; Leppänen, Jukka

2014-09-01

52

GCtool for fuel cell systems design and analysis : user documentation.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GCtool is a comprehensive system design and analysis tool for fuel cell and other power systems. A user can analyze any configuration of component modules and flows under steady-state or dynamic conditions. Component models can be arbitrarily complex in modeling sophistication and new models can be added easily by the user. GCtool also treats arbitrary system constraints over part or all of the system, including the specification of nonlinear objective functions to be minimized subject to nonlinear, equality or inequality constraints. This document describes the essential features of the interpreted language and the window-based GCtool environment. The system components incorporated into GCtool include a gas flow mixer, splitier, heater, compressor, gas turbine, heat exchanger, pump, pipe, diffuser, nozzle, steam drum, feed water heater, combustor, chemical reactor, condenser, fuel cells (proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, phosphoric acid, and molten carbonate), shaft, generator, motor, and methanol steam reformer. Several examples of system analysis at various levels of complexity are presented. Also given are instructions for generating two- and three-dimensional plots of data and the details of interfacing new models to GCtool.

Ahluwalia, R.K.; Geyer, H.K.

1999-01-15

53

Micromechanical combined stress analysis: MICSTRAN, a user manual  

Science.gov (United States)

Composite materials are currently being used in aerospace and other applications. The ability to tailor the composite properties by the appropriate selection of its constituents, the fiber and matrix, is a major advantage of composite materials. The Micromechanical Combined Stress Analysis (MICSTRAN) code provides the materials engineer with a user-friendly personal computer (PC) based tool to calculate overall composite properties given the constituent fiber and matrix properties. To assess the ability of the composite to carry structural loads, the materials engineer also needs to calculate the internal stresses in the composite material. MICSTRAN is a simple tool to calculate such internal stresses with a composite ply under combined thermomechanical loading. It assumes that the fibers have a circular cross-section and are arranged either in a repeating square or diamond array pattern within a ply. It uses a classical elasticity solution technique that has been demonstrated to calculate accurate stress results. Input to the program consists of transversely isotropic fiber properties and isotropic matrix properties such as moduli, Poisson's ratios, coefficients of thermal expansion, and volume fraction. Output consists of overall thermoelastic constants and stresses. Stresses can be computed under the combined action of thermal, transverse, longitudinal, transverse shear, and longitudinal shear loadings. Stress output can be requested along the fiber-matrix interface, the model boundaries, circular arcs, or at user-specified points located anywhere in the model. The MICSTRAN program is Windows compatible and takes advantage of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface which facilitates multitasking and extends memory access far beyond the limits imposed by the DOS operating system.

Naik, R. A.

1992-01-01

54

RENT CONTROL: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders – and consequential homelessness – on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socio-economic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease should not be imposed in an absolutist fashion but rather place a

Sue-Mari Maass

2012-11-01

55

Rent control: a comparative analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders - and consequential homelessness - on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do [...] not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socioeconomic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease shoul

S, Maass.

56

The ganga user interface for physics analysis and distributed resources  

CERN Document Server

A physicist analysing data from the LHC experiments will have to deal with data and computing resources that are distributed across multiple locations and have different access methods. Ganga helps by providing a uniform high-level interface to the different low-level solutions for the required tasks, ranging from the specification of input data to the retrieval and post-processing of the output. For LHCb and ATLAS the goal is to assist in running jobs based on the Gaudi/Athena C++ framework. Ganga is written in python and presents the user with a single GUI rather than a set of different applications. It uses pluggable modules to interact with external tools for operations such as querying metadata catalogues, job configuration and job submission. At start-up, the user is presented with a list of templates for common analysis tasks, and information about ongoing tasks is stored from one invocation to the next. Ganga can also be used through a command line interface. This closely mirrors the functionality of ...

Soroko, A; Adams, D; Harrison, K; Charpentier, P; Maier, A; Mato, P; Moscicki, J T; Egede, U; Martyniak, J; Jones, R; Patrick, G N

2004-01-01

57

Blog Content and User Engagement - An Insight Using Statistical Analysis.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the past few years organizations have increasingly realized the value of social media in positioning, propagating and marketing the product/service and organization itself. Today every organization be it small or big has realized the essence of creating a space in the World Wide Web. Social Media through its multifaceted platforms has enabled the organizations to propagate their brands. There are a number of social media networks which are helpful in spreading the message to customers. Many organizations are having full time web analytics teams that are regularly trying to ensure that prospectivecustomers are visiting their organization through various forms of social media. Web analytics is foreseen as a tool for Business Intelligence by organizations and there are a large number of analytics tools available for monitoring the visibility of a particular brand on the web. For example, Google has its ownanalytic tool that is very widely used. There are number of free as well as paid analytical tools available on the internet. The objective of this paper is to study what content in a blog present in the social media creates a greater impact on user engagement. The study statistically analyzes the relation between content of the blog and user engagement. The statistical analysis was carried out on a blog of a reputed management institute in Pune to arrive at conclusions.

Apoorva Vikrant Kulkarni

2013-06-01

58

Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP): User's guide. Revision 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A microcomputer program called the Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP) has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in determining the replacement energy costs associated with short-term shutdowns or deratings of one or more nuclear reactors. The calculations are based on the seasonal, unit-specific cost estimates for 1993--1996 previously published in NRC Report NUREG/CR--4012, Vol. 3 (1992), for all 112 US reactors. Because the RECAP program is menu-driven, the user can define specific case studies in terms of such parameters as the units to be included, the length and timing of the shutdown or derating period, the unit capacity factors, and the reference year for reporting cost results. In addition to simultaneous shutdown cases, more complicated situations, such as overlapping shutdown periods or shutdowns that occur in different years, can be examined through the use of a present-worth calculation option

1994-01-01

59

SOR Users` Guide : How to Navigate Through the SOR Analysis.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Columbia River System Operation Review (SOR) gave river managers, users, and the general public a chance to examine system operations in detail, to study how each river use affects others, and to consider the consequences of changing the way the system works. The task was enormous, and it was a multiyear undertaking. In its wake, the SOR left a multitude of documents and six years of analysis that can and should be used broadly for other reference and research purposes. This catalog will introduce you to numerous SOR products to be found throughout the 20 appendices and the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Main Report. They include maps, models, data bases, current descriptions of Federal hydro projects and river resources, publications, and slide shows.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1996-08-01

60

Comparing the performance of expert user heuristics and an integer linear program in aircraft carrier deck operations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Planning operations across a number of domains can be considered as resource allocation problems with timing constraints. An unexplored instance of such a problem domain is the aircraft carrier flight deck, where, in current operations, replanning is done without the aid of any computerized decision support. Rather, veteran operators employ a set of experience-based heuristics to quickly generate new operating schedules. These expert user heuristics are neither codified nor evaluated by the United States Navy; they have grown solely from the convergent experiences of supervisory staff. As unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are introduced in the aircraft carrier domain, these heuristics may require alterations due to differing capabilities. The inclusion of UAVs also allows for new opportunities for on-line planning and control, providing an alternative to the current heuristic-based replanning methodology. To investigate these issues formally, we have developed a decision support system for flight deck operations that utilizes a conventional integer linear program-based planning algorithm. In this system, a human operator sets both the goals and constraints for the algorithm, which then returns a proposed schedule for operator approval. As a part of validating this system, the performance of this collaborative human-automation planner was compared with that of the expert user heuristics over a set of test scenarios. The resulting analysis shows that human heuristics often outperform the plans produced by an optimization algorithm, but are also often more conservative. PMID:23934675

Ryan, Jason C; Banerjee, Ashis Gopal; Cummings, Mary L; Roy, Nicholas

2014-06-01

 
 
 
 
61

User-Defined Material Model for Progressive Failure Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

An overview of different types of composite material system architectures and a brief review of progressive failure material modeling methods used for structural analysis including failure initiation and material degradation are presented. Different failure initiation criteria and material degradation models are described that define progressive failure formulations. These progressive failure formulations are implemented in a user-defined material model (or UMAT) for use with the ABAQUS/Standard1 nonlinear finite element analysis tool. The failure initiation criteria include the maximum stress criteria, maximum strain criteria, the Tsai-Wu failure polynomial, and the Hashin criteria. The material degradation model is based on the ply-discounting approach where the local material constitutive coefficients are degraded. Applications and extensions of the progressive failure analysis material model address two-dimensional plate and shell finite elements and three-dimensional solid finite elements. Implementation details and use of the UMAT subroutine are described in the present paper. Parametric studies for composite structures are discussed to illustrate the features of the progressive failure modeling methods that have been implemented.

Knight, Norman F. Jr.; Reeder, James R. (Technical Monitor)

2006-01-01

62

STAR (structural test and analysis database for reliable design) Version 7.1. User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The STAR is characterized by having two supporting functions for developing strength evaluation methods in addition to usual data base management system, an automatic damage calculation function with external programs and an analysis system on accuracy of prediction. This report describes the structure and user information for execution of STAR code. (K. Itami)

Hosogai, Hiromi [Joyo Industries Co. Ltd., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Kasahara, Naoto

1998-12-01

63

Primary User Emulation Attacks Analysis for Cognitive Radio Networks Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cognitive Radio Network is an effective technology and a hot research direction which can solve the problem of deficient resource and revolutionize utilization. And its safety technology attracts more and more researches. Primary user emulation attacks (PUEAs) are typically easy and largely affecting. PUEAs come from both malicious misbehavior secondary users (MMUs) and selfish misbehavior secondary users (SMUs). The former is studied much more deeply than the later one. Distinguishing MMU...

Wang Shan-Shan; Luo Xing-Guo; Li Bai-Nan

2013-01-01

64

Micromechanics Analysis Code (MAC). User Guide: Version 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code's (MAC) who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells (GMC), micromechanics model is described. MAC is a versatile form of research software that 'drives' the double or triply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein (1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control) and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed, (2) different integration algorithms may be selected, (3) a variety of constituent constitutive models may be utilized and/or implemented, and (4) a variety of fiber and laminate architectures may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements.

Wilt, T. E.; Arnold, S. M.

1996-01-01

65

Micromechanics Analysis Code (MAC). User guide: Version 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code, MAC, who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells, GMC, micromechanics model is described. MAC is a versatile form of research software that 'drives' the double or triple ply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein (1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control), and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed; (2) different integration algorithms may be selected; (3) a variety of constituent constitutive models may be utilized and/or implemented; and (4) a variety of fiber architectures may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements.

Wilt, T. E.; Arnold, S. M.

1994-01-01

66

Analysis of Web Logs and Web User in Web Mining  

CERN Multimedia

Log files contain information about User Name, IP Address, Time Stamp, Access Request, number of Bytes Transferred, Result Status, URL that Referred and User Agent. The log files are maintained by the web servers. By analysing these log files gives a neat idea about the user. This paper gives a detailed discussion about these log files, their formats, their creation, access procedures, their uses, various algorithms used and the additional parameters that can be used in the log files which in turn gives way to an effective mining. It also provides the idea of creating an extended log file and learning the user behaviour.

Grace, L K Joshila; Nagamalai, Dhinaharan

2011-01-01

67

Analysis of Factors for Incorporating User Preferences in Air Traffic Management: A system Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents an analysis of factors that impact user flight schedules during air traffic congestion. In pre-departure flight planning, users file one route per flight, which often leads to increased delays, inefficient airspace utilization, and exclusion of user flight preferences. In this paper, first the idea of filing alternate routes and providing priorities on each of those routes is introduced. Then, the impact of varying planning interval and system imposed departure delay increment is discussed. The metrics of total delay and equity are used for analyzing the impact of these factors on increased traffic and on different users. The results are shown for four cases, with and without the optional routes and priority assignments. Results demonstrate that adding priorities to optional routes further improves system performance compared to filing one route per flight and using first-come first-served scheme. It was also observed that a two-hour planning interval with a five-minute system imposed departure delay increment results in highest delay reduction. The trend holds for a scenario with increased traffic.

Sheth, Kapil S.; Gutierrez-Nolasco, Sebastian

2010-01-01

68

A comparative analysis of aircraft noise performances  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a comparative analysis of aircraft acoustical performance based on the definition of a noise performance indicator called ENSA (equivalent number of standard aircraft. ENSA methodology is based on the choice of a standard aircraft, then ENSA’s values are obtained by comparing the generic aircraft’s performances with the standard aircraft’s performances. The performance evaluation is performed by analysing for each aircraft the equivalent number of standard aircrafts movements generating a noise level corresponding with one standard aircraft movement. This comparative analysis permits the evaluation of aircraft noise performance by comparing the ENSA values for different aircrafts.

Nicola Gualandi

2009-09-01

69

Methodological proposal for the analysis of user participation mechanisms in online media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the results of an analysis of user participation mechanisms, particularly those based in Web 2.0 technologies and applications, based on a sample of fourteen relevant Spanish online media, including the websites of newspapers, radio stations, and television channels. This analysis was conducted in October and November 2010 as part of the research subproject La evolución de los cibermedios en el marco de la convergencia digital. Tecnología y distribución (The evolution of online media in the context of digital convergence. Tecnology and distribution. The study is based on a taxonomy of the different user participation mechanisms, which distinguishes between those that are integrated within the media’s news sections and those that are independent spaces. The analysis also examines the form in which these mechanisms are managed by the media in function of the role they are assigned. Finally, the study aims to compare the different online media and to show examples and trends in the field of user participation.

Jaime Alonso, Ph.D.

2012-01-01

70

Motives, barriers and quality evaluation in fish consumption situations : Exploring and comparing heavy and light users in Spain and Belgium  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate motives and barriers for eating fish among light users and heavy users, to discuss consumer evaluation of fish quality, and to explore the existence of cross-cultural fish consumer  segments. Design/methodology/approach - Qualitative data were collected through six focus group discussions, three in Spain and three in Belgium. In each country, one group consisted of heavy users while two groups included light users. Findings - The same attitudinal motives and barriers for fish consumption can be found in both countries and across user groups, even though fish consumption levels differ considerably. The main motives for eating fish are health and taste, while the main barriers are price perception, smell when cooking fish, and that fish does not deliver the same level of satiety as compared to meat. Big differences are found between countries and user groups with respect to preparation skills and the use of quality cues. Heavy users are very skilled in evaluating fish quality, especially those in Spain, while light users, especially those in Belgium, make seemingly irrational assumptions when evaluating the quality of fish. Research limitations/implications - This study is based on qualitative focus group discussions in two European countries only. Originality/value - This study explores and compares motives, barriers and quality evaluation among heavy and light fish consumers in two European countries. The paper yields valuable insights for further quantitative research into explaining variations in fish consumption, as well as for fish quality evaluation and fish market segmentation studies.

Brunsø, Karen; Verbeke, Wim

2009-01-01

71

Microblogging User Feature Analysis based on Boolean Classification Operations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the advance of many social network applications, social group feature analytics are attracting a lot of attention. In the meantime, microblogging, as a kind of social network application, attracts more and more people to use it. With the utilization of bigger and broader crowds over microblogging, surveying massive user features will be an important aspect of exploitation of crowd-sourced data. For better understanding microblogging user group features, in this study, a user classification approach was proposed by means of Boolean operations and it is easily find different microblogging user group features by this approach. In the experiment, some facts were discussed on the exploratory survey to exploit a great deal of microblogging data and how to analyze the features of the different user groups.

Bing Li

2014-01-01

72

Analysis of Users Web Browsing Behavior Using Markov chain Model  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In present days of growing information technology, many browsers available for surfing and web mining. A user has option to use any of them at a time to mine out the desired website. Every browser has pre-defined level of popularity and reputation in the market. This paper considers the setup of only two browsers in a computer system and a user prefers to any one, if fails, switches to the other one .The behavior of user is modeled through Markov chain procedure and transition probabilities are calculated. The quitting to browsing is treated as a parameter of variation over the popularity. Graphical study is performed to explain the inter relationship between user behavior parameters and browser market popularity parameters. If rate of a company is lowest in terms of browser failure and lowest in terms of quitting probability then company enjoys better popularity and larger user proportion

Diwakar Shukla

2011-03-01

73

A generic analysis code of dynamic compartment model for evaluation of doses in terrestrial biosphere. GACOM user`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A computer code GACOM (Generic Analysis code for dynamic COmpartment Model) has been developed to evaluate the behavior of radionuclides in terrestrial biosphere and the subsequent individual doses. In this code, the simultaneous ordinary differential equations are solved by using the sixth-step fifth-order Runge-Kutta method called Fehlberg formula. This principal characteristics of this code are shown as follows; (1) user definition of such as a number of compartments and transfer pathways of nuclides makes it possible to apply this code to various subjects of analysis, (2) various kinds of equations for evaluating doses in terrestrial biosphere are available for making input data of this code, (3) the units of time and nuclides can be defined flexibly, (4) probabilistic analysis by using the Monte-Carlo simulation is possible. This report describes the structure and user information for execution of GACOM code. (author)

Takahashi, Tomoyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

1998-02-01

74

MultiMetEval: comparative and multi-objective analysis of genome-scale metabolic models  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Comparative metabolic modelling is emerging as a novel field, supported by the development of reliable and standardized approaches for constructing genome-scale metabolic models in high throughput. New software solutions are needed to allow efficient comparative analysis of multiple models in the context of multiple cellular objectives. Here, we present the user-friendly software framework Multi-Metabolic Evaluator (MultiMetEval), built upon SurreyFBA, which allows the user to compose collect...

Zakrzewski, P.; Medema, M. H.; Gevorgyan, A.; Kierzek, A. M.; Breitling, R.; Takano, E.

2012-01-01

75

MultiMetEval: Comparative and Multi-Objective Analysis of Genome-Scale Metabolic Models  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Comparative metabolic modelling is emerging as a novel field, supported by the development of reliable and standardized approaches for constructing genome-scale metabolic models in high throughput. New software solutions are needed to allow efficient comparative analysis of multiple models in the context of multiple cellular objectives. Here, we present the user-friendly software framework Multi-Metabolic Evaluator (MultiMetEval), built upon SurreyFBA, which allows the user to compose collect...

Zakrzewski, Piotr; Medema, Marnix H.; Gevorgyan, Albert; Kierzek, Andrzej M.; Breitling, Rainer; Takano, Eriko

2012-01-01

76

Replacement energy cost analysis package (RECAP): User's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A microcomputer program called the Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP) has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in determining the replacement energy costs associated with short-term shutdowns or deratings of one or more nuclear reactors. The calculations are based on the seasonal, unit-specific cost estimates for 1988-1991 that were previously published in NRC Report NUREG/CR-4012, Vol. 2 (1986), for all 117 US reactors, with updates that were made in July 1988. The program is menu-driven, allowing the user to define specific case studies in terms of such parameters as the units to be included, the length and timing of the shutdown or derating period, the unit capacity factors, and the reference year for reporting cost results. In addition to simultaneous shutdown cases, more-complicated situations, such as overlapping shutdown periods or shutdowns that occur in different years, can be examined through use of a present-worth calculation option

1989-01-01

77

Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MAED-2). User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The IAEA has been supporting its Member States in the area of energy planning for sustainable development. Development and dissemination of appropriate methodologies and their computer codes are important parts of this support. This manual has been produced to facilitate the use of the MAED model: Model for Analysis of Energy Demand. The methodology of the MAED model was originally developed by. B. Chateau and B. Lapillonne of the Institute Economique et Juridique de l'Energie (IEJE) of the University of Grenoble, France, and was presented as the MEDEE model. Since then the MEDEE model has been developed and adopted to be appropriate for modelling of various energy demand system. The IAEA adopted MEDEE-2 model and incorporated important modifications to make it more suitable for application in the developing countries, and it was named as the MAED model. The first version of the MAED model was designed for the DOS based system, which was later on converted for the Windows system. This manual presents the latest version of the MAED model. The most prominent feature of this version is its flexibility for representing structure of energy consumption. The model now allows country-specific representations of energy consumption patterns using the MAED methodology. The user can now disaggregate energy consumption according to the needs and/or data availability in her/his country. As such, MAED has now become a powerful tool for modelling widely diverse energy consumption patterns. This manual presents the model in details and provides guidelines for its application

2006-01-01

78

Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MAED-2). User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The IAEA has been supporting its Member States in the area of energy planning for sustainable development. Development and dissemination of appropriate methodologies and their computer codes are important parts of this support. This manual has been produced to facilitate the use of the MAED model: Model for Analysis of Energy Demand. The methodology of the MAED model was originally developed by. B. Chateau and B. Lapillonne of the Institute Economique et Juridique de l'Energie (IEJE) of the University of Grenoble, France, and was presented as the MEDEE model. Since then the MEDEE model has been developed and adopted to be appropriate for modelling of various energy demand system. The IAEA adopted MEDEE-2 model and incorporated important modifications to make it more suitable for application in the developing countries, and it was named as the MAED model. The first version of the MAED model was designed for the DOS based system, which was later on converted for the Windows system. This manual presents the latest version of the MAED model. The most prominent feature of this version is its flexibility for representing structure of energy consumption. The model now allows country-specific representations of energy consumption patterns using the MAED methodology. The user can now disaggregate energy consumption according to the needs and/or data availability in her/his country. As such, MAED has now become a powerful tool for modelling widely diverse energy consumption patterns. This manual presents the model in details and provides guidelines for its application

2007-07-01

79

Analysis of the Navigation Behavior of the Users' using Grey Relational Pattern Analysis with Markov Chains  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Generally user page visits are sequential in nature. The large number of Web pages on many Web sites has raised navigational problems. Markov chains have been used to model user sequential navigational behavior on the World Wide Web (WWW.The enormous growth in the number of documents in the WWW increases the need for improved link navigation and path analysis models. Link prediction and path analysis are important problems with a wide range of applications ranging from personalization to websites. The complete size of the WWW coupled with the variation in users' navigation patterns makes this a very difficult sequence modeling problem. This paper generalizes the concept of grey relational analysis to develop a technique, called grey relational pattern analysis associated with Markov chains for sequential web data, for analyzing the similarity between given patterns. Based on this technique, a clustering algorithm” Grey Clustering algorithm for Sequential Data” is proposed to finding cluster of a given data set .The problem of determining the optimal number of clusters . We develop an evaluationframework in which the Sum of Squared Error (SSE is calculated to get the efficiency of proposed algorithm. The analyzed behavior of the users used in application areas for Web usage mining Personalization, System Improvement, Site Modification, Business Intelligence, and Usage Characterization.

BINDU MADHURI .Ch,

2010-10-01

80

Internal versus external preference analysis : an exploratory study on end-user evaluation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Internal and external preference analysis emphasise fundamentally different perspectives on the same data. We extend the literature on comparisons between internal and external preference analysis by incorporating the perspective of the end user of the preference analysis results. From a conceptual analysis of the methodological similarities and differences between these two techniques, we develop and implement a framework for end-user evaluation of preference analysis output in terms of perc...

Kleef, E.; Trijp, H. C. M.; Luning, P. A.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Web User Behavior Analysis Using Improved Naïve Bayes Prediction Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the continued growth and proliferation of Web services and Web based information systems, the volumes of user data have reached astronomical proportions. Analyzing such data using Web Usage Mining can help to determine the visiting interests or needs of the web user. As web log is incremental in nature, it becomes a crucial issue to predict exactly the ways how users browse websites. It is necessary for web miners to use predictive mining techniques to filter the unwanted categories for reducing the operational scope. Markov models& its variations have also been used to analyze web navigation behavior of users. A user's web link transition on a particular website can be modeled using first, second-order or higher-order Markov models and can be used to make predictions regarding future navigation and to personalize the web page for an individual user. All higher order Markov model holds the promise of achieving higher prediction accuracies, improved coverage than any single-order Markov model but holds high state space complexity. Hence a Hybrid Markov Model is required to improve the operation performance and prediction accuracy significantly. Markov model is assumed to be a probability model by which users’ browsing behaviors can be predicted at category level. Bayesian theorem can also be applied to present and infer users’ browsing behaviors at webpage level. In this research, Markov models and Bayesian theorem are combined and a two-level prediction model is designed. By the Markov Model, the system can effectively filter the possible category of the websites and Bayesian theorem will help to predict websites accuracy. The experiments will show that our provided model has noble hit ratio for prediction.

B.Harindra Varma

2013-11-01

82

Command Analysis of End-users in Online Searching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this artic1e is to analyze the searching behavior of end-users. The subjects are real end-users from National Taiwan University. This article uses the DIALOG command language as its searching tool. It attempts to analyze the commands used in online searching environment and to provide some basic statistic data for use studies.[Article content in Chinese

Mu-hsuan Huan

1996-12-01

83

SALOME. Software for the analysis of lines or multiplets from Extrap. User's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This user's guide describes the centre piece of spectral analysis programs for Extrap-T1. The method for spectral analysis is presented theoretically. It also presents the actual use of the program PROBESCHUSS and how to work on the multiplet library. The present user's guide is about PROBESCHUSS 2.1 and MULTIFIT 2.0. 7 figs, 5 appendices

1994-01-01

84

Comparative analysis of Carnaval II Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Carnaval II cross sections library from the french fast reactor calculation system is evaluated in two ways: 1"0) a comparative analysis of the calculations system for fast reactors at IEN (Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear) using a 'benchmark' model is done; 2"0) a comparative analysis in relation to the french system itself is also done, using calculations realized with two versions of the french library: the SETR-II and the CARNAVAL IV, the first one being anterior and the second one posterior to the Carnaval II version, the one used by IEN. (Author)

1981-04-15

85

User-friendly software for SANS data reduction and analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At the Geesthacht Neutron Facility (GeNF) a new software is being developed for the reduction of two-dimensional small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) data. The main motivation for this work was to created software for users of our SANS facilities that is easy to use. Another motivation was to provide users with software they can also use at their home institute. Therefore, the software is implemented on a personal computer running WINDOWS. The program reads raw data from an area detector in binary or ascii format and produces ascii files containing the scattering curve. The cross section can be averaged over the whole area of the detector or over users defined sectors only. Scripts can be created for processing large numbers of files. (author)

1999-01-01

86

Data oriented job submission scheme for the PHENIX user analysis in CCJ  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RIKEN Computing Center in Japan (CCJ) has been developed to make it possible analyzing huge amount of data corrected by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC. The corrected raw data or reconstructed data are transferred via SINET3 with 10 Gbps bandwidth from Brookheaven National Laboratory (BNL) by using GridFTP. The transferred data are once stored in the hierarchical storage management system (HPSS) prior to the user analysis. Since the size of data grows steadily year by year, concentrations of the access request to data servers become one of the serious bottlenecks. To eliminate this I/O bound problem, 18 calculating nodes with total 180 TB local disks were introduced to store the data a priori. We added some setup in a batch job scheduler (LSF) so that user can specify the requiring data already distributed to the local disks. The locations of data are automatically obtained from a database, and jobs are dispatched to the appropriate node which has the required data. To avoid the multiple access to a local disk from several jobs in a node, techniques of lock file and access control list are employed. As a result, each job can handle a local disk exclusively. Indeed, the total throughput was improved drastically as compared to the preexisting nodes in CCJ, and users can analyze about 150 TB data within 9 hours. We report this successful job submission scheme and the feature of the PC cluster.

2011-12-23

87

User`s guide for the frequency domain algorithms in the LIFE2 fatigue analysis code  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The LIFE2 computer code is a fatigue/fracture analysis code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. The numerical formulation of the code uses a series of cycle count matrices to describe the cyclic stress states imposed upon the turbine. However, many structural analysis techniques yield frequency-domain stress spectra and a large body of experimental loads (stress) data is reported in the frequency domain. To permit the analysis of this class of data, a Fourier analysis is used to transform a frequency-domain spectrum to an equivalent time series suitable for rainflow counting by other modules in the code. This paper describes the algorithms incorporated into the code and their numerical implementation. Example problems are used to illustrate typical inputs and outputs.

Sutherland, H.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Linker, R.L. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01

88

Uplink Interference Analysis for Two-tier Cellular Networks with Diverse Users under Random Spatial Patterns  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Multi-tier architecture improves the spatial reuse of radio spectrum in cellular networks, and user classification allows consideration for diverse user service requirements. However, they introduce complicated heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of transmitters, which brings new challenges in interference analysis. In this work, we present a stochastic geometric model to evaluate the uplink interference in a two-tier network considering multi-type users and base stati...

Bao, Wei; Liang, Ben

2013-01-01

89

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18

90

Diagnosing MOV problems using comparative trace analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper presents the concept of comparative trace analysis and shows it to be very effective in diagnosing motor operated valve (MOV) problems. Comparative trace analysis is simply the process of interpreting simultaneously gathered traces, each presenting a different perspective on the same series of events. The opening and closing of a motor operated valve is such a series of events. The simultaneous traces are obtained using Liberty Technologies' Valve Operation Test and Evaluation System (VOTES)reg-sign. The traces include stem thrust, motor current, motor power factor, motor power, switch actuations, vibration in three different frequency bands, spring pack displacement, and spring pack force. Spare and auxiliary channels enable additional key parameters to be measured, such as differential pressure and stem displacement. Though not specifically illustrated in this paper, the VOTES system also provides for FFT analysis on all traces except switches

1992-07-01

91

Software Graphical User Interface For Analysis Of Images  

Science.gov (United States)

CAMTOOL software provides graphical interface between Sun Microsystems workstation and Eikonix Model 1412 digitizing camera system. Camera scans and digitizes images, halftones, reflectives, transmissives, rigid or flexible flat material, or three-dimensional objects. Users digitize images and select from three destinations: work-station display screen, magnetic-tape drive, or hard disk. Written in C.

Leonard, Desiree M.; Nolf, Scott R.; Avis, Elizabeth L.; Stacy, Kathryn

1992-01-01

92

Interactive user's application to Genie 2000 spectroscopy system for automation of hair neutron activation analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: In recent years lower plants such as mosses or lichens and for arid countries bark and leaves of tree have been used as biomonitors in environmental studies. Alongside with plants the trace elemental human hair composition also has been used as an indicator of pollution of natural and industrial environments. Because of convenience, easy access, nondestruction of sampling, and also preservation of information for a long time period, human hair even more often and widely used in various researches. In the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan hair trace element analysis in environment monitoring and mapping and in health status studies have been used. Scientist of activation analysis laboratory always has a lot of routine work on biological objects analysis, so they regularly improved applied nuclear techniques. At present one of such good work-out technique is consider a hair multielement instrumental neutron activation analysis using single comparator standard method. Since in frames of the 'Enhanced nuclear techniques for materials identification' STCU project, the Radioanalytical Center (RAC) was created in October 2004, for analysis such objects as metals and alloys, minerals and ores, hydrogeological samples, technological products, soils, fertilizers, biological samples, foodstuff, water, sediments, construction materials, as well as materials of unknown composition the unique equipment of RAC have been used. For example, human hair analysis has performed on the base of HP Ge-detector with high resolution gamma-spectrometer of Canberra Industries, Inc. Genie-2000 Spectroscopy System of Canberra spectrometers, represents the true state of the art in spectroscopy software platforms. Genie 2000 is a comprehensive set of capabilities for acquiring and analyzing spectra from Multichannel Analyzers (MCA). Its functions include MCA control, spectral display and manipulation, basic spectrum analysis and reporting. Genie 2000 software is available in several variations and with several layered optional packages. Genie 2000 Basic Spectroscopy and Gamma Analysis Software, which available in RAC permitting us automatically obtain nuclide identification report with all needed parameters. Any applications of Genie 2000 software have not possibility to calculate analyzed elements concentration. For automation this step of INAA by using Canberra Genie 2000 Spectroscopy System we developed user's 'Human hair analysis Application' software for single comparator standard method of hair INAA. The work with the developed Application for GENIE-2000 begins with the menu, which contains four items. 1. Copying of the data. 2. Data input. 3. Viewing, editing and analyzing of the data. 4. EXIT. The item 'Copying of the data' makes copying the entered values of special user parameters from one data source into another. It is very user-friendly. It is enough to him once in one data source to enter values of necessary parameters (nuclides name, ?-lines value, factors of transformation for various times of an irradiation and cooling). Further, with the help of procedure 'Copying of the data' he can transfer them to any other data source. The item 'Data input' is carried out with the help of Graphical Batch Tools function GBTPARS and specially developed set of Form Design Specification (FDS) files for this function. This developed Application works in interactive environment as a dialogue system with user and allows calculating required nuclides concentration in analyzed samples, separately for long-lived, middle-lived and short-lived nuclides. Using the Nuclide Library Editor and comprehensive standard libraries of Genie package we created three custom libraries: Stdlib.HairL, Stdlib.HairM, Stdlib.HairS, accordingly for long-, middle- and short-lived nuclides. After processing of the next data source the Application returns the user to the menu. From here he can continue data processing, having chosen the following data source, or through menu item EXIT to leave from the application. Th

2006-09-01

93

Signature Based Detection of User Events for Post-Mortem Forensic Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper introduces a novel approach to user event reconstruction by showing the practicality of generating and implementing signature-based analysis methods to reconstruct high-level user actions from a collection of low-level traces found during a post-mortem forensic analysis of a system. Traditional forensic analysis and the inferences an investigator normally makes when given digital evidence, are examined. It is then demonstrated that this natural process of inferrin...

James, Joshua I.; Gladyshev, Pavel; Zhu, Yuandong

2013-01-01

94

Image analysis in comparative genomic hybridization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a new technique by which genomic imbalances can be detected by combining in situ suppression hybridization of whole genomic DNA and image analysis. We have developed software for rapid, quantitative CGH image analysis by a modification and extension of the standard software used for routine karyotyping of G-banded metaphase spreads in the Magiscan chromosome analysis system. The DAPI-counterstained metaphase spread is karyotyped interactively. Corrections for image shifts between the DAPI, FITC, and TRITC images are done manually by moving the three images relative to each other. The fluorescence background is subtracted. A mean filter is applied to smooth the FITC and TRITC images before the fluorescence ratio between the individual FITC and TRITC-stained chromosomes is computed pixel by pixel inside the area of the chromosomes determined by the DAPI boundaries. Fluorescence intensity ratio profiles are generated, and peaks and valleys indicating possible gains and losses of test DNA are marked if they exceed ratios below 0.75 and above 1.25. By combining the analysis of several metaphase spreads, consistent findings of gains and losses in all or almost all spreads indicate chromosomal imbalance. Chromosomal imbalances are detected either by visual inspection of fluorescence ratio (FR) profiles or by a statistical approach that compares FR measurements of the individual case with measurements of normal chromosomes. The complete analysis of one metaphase can be carried out in approximately 10 minutes. 8 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Lundsteen, C.; Maahr, J.; Christensen, B. [and others

1995-01-01

95

Integrating the Imposed Query into the Evaluation of Reference Service: A Dichotomous Analysis of User Ratings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses a secondary analysis of a user survey from 13 public libraries to isolate factors that contribute to high levels of performance by reference librarians and to identify reliable indicators that can be used to measure and evaluate reference services. Examined user ratings of reference services by transaction type, either self-generated or…

Gross, Melissa; Saxton, Matthew L.

2002-01-01

96

Comparative Analysis on Constitutional Supervision Modes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Constitution is the fundamental law of a nation and also the general regulations on administering state affairs and ensuring national security. This is why constitutional supervision is so important for a country. However, there are still many problems existing under the supervision mechanism regarding to its operability, materiality, and rationality. This paper tries to give proper suggestions on perfecting Chinese constitutional supervision through comparative analysis and other countries’ advanced experiences.

Key words: Constitutional supervision modes; Comparative study

Wenjing WANG

2012-11-01

97

HORECA. Hoger onderwijs reactor elementary core analysis system. User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

HORECA is developed at IRI Delft for quick analysis of power distribution, burnup and safety for the HOR. It can be used for the manual search of a better loading of the reactor. HORECA is based on the Penn State Fuel Management Package and uses the MCRAC code included in this package as a calculation engine. (orig./HP).

Battum, E. van; Serov, I.V.

1993-07-01

98

Weighted Centroid Algorithm for Estimating Primary User Location: Theoretical Analysis and Distributed Implementation  

CERN Multimedia

Information about primary user (PU) location is crucial in enabling several key capabilities in dynamic spectrum access networks, including improved spatio-temporal sensing, intelligent location-aware routing, as well as aiding spectrum policy enforcement. Compared to other proposed non-interactive localization algorithms, the weighted centroid localization (WCL) scheme uses only received signal strength information, which makes it simple and robust to variations in the propagation environment. In contrast to prior work, which focused mainly on proposing algorithmic variations and verifying their performance through simulations, in this paper we present the first theoretical framework for WCL performance analysis in terms of its localization error distribution parameterized by node density, node placement, shadowing variance and correlation distance. Using this analysis, we quantify the robustness of WCL to various physical conditions and provide guidelines, such as node placement, for practical deployment of...

Wang, Jun; Han, Yuxing; ?abri?, Danijela

2010-01-01

99

Users' manual for fault tree analysis code: CUT-TD  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CUT-TD code has been developed to find minimal cut sets for a given fault tree and to calculate the occurrence probability of its top event. This code uses an improved top-down algorithm which can enhance the efficiency in deriving minimal cut sets. The features in processing techniques incorporated into CUT-TD are as follows: (1) Consecutive OR gates or consecutive AND gates can be coalesced into a single gate. As a result, this processing directly produces cut sets for the redefined single gate with each gate not being developed. (2) The independent subtrees are automatically identified and their respective cut sets are separately found to enhance the efficiency in processing. (3) The minimal cut sets can be obtained for the top event of a fault tree by combining their respective minimal cut sets for several gates of the fault tree. (4) The user can reduce the computing time for finding minimal cut sets and control the size and significance of cut sets by inputting a minimum probability cut off and/or a maximum order cut off. (5) The user can select events that need not to be further developed in the process of obtaining minimal cut sets. This option can reduce the number of minimal cut sets, save the computing time and assists the user in reviewing the result. (6) Computing time is monitored by the CUT-TD code so that it can prevent the running job from abnormally ending due to excessive CPU time and produce an intermediate result. The CUT-TD code has the ability to restart the calculation with use of the intermediate result. This report provides a users' manual for the CUT-TD code. (author)

1992-01-01

100

Comparative Analysis on Constitutional Supervision Modes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Constitution is the fundamental law of a nation and also the general regulations on administering state affairs and ensuring national security. This is why constitutional supervision is so important for a country. However, there are still many problems existing under the supervision mechanism regarding to its operability, materiality, and rationality. This paper tries to give proper suggestions on perfecting Chinese constitutional supervision through comparative analysis and other co...

Wang, Wenjing; Wang, Xiaorui

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Comparative genomic analysis of prion genes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The homologues of human disease genes are expected to contribute to better understanding of physiological and pathogenic processes. We made use of the present availability of vertebrate genomic sequences, and we have conducted the most comprehensive comparative genomic analysis of the prion protein gene PRNP and its homologues, shadow of prion protein gene SPRN and doppel gene PRND, and prion testis-specific gene PRNT so...

Premzl Marko; Gamulin Vera

2007-01-01

102

Comparative Analysis: A Feasible Software Engineering Method  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The reasonable choice is a critical success factor for decision- making in the field of software engineering (SE). A case-driven comparative analysis has been introduced and a procedure for its systematic application has been suggested. The paper describes how the proposed method can be built in a general framework for SE activities. Some examples of experimental versions of the framework are brie y presented.

Maneva, Nelly

2007-01-01

103

Analysis and Improvement of a User Authentication Improved Protocol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Remote user authentication always adopts the method of password to login the server within insecure network environments. Recently, Peyravin and Jeffries proposed a practical authentication scheme based on one-way collision-resistant hash functions. However, Shim and Munilla independently showed that the scheme is vulnerable to off-line guessing attacks. In order to remove the weakness, Hölbl, Welzer and Brumenn presented an improved secure password-based protocols for remote user authentication, password change and session key establishment.  Unfortunately, the remedies of their improved scheme cannot work. The improved scheme still suffers from the off-line attacks. And the password change protocol is insecure against Denial-of-Service attack. A proposed scheme is presented which overcomes these weaknesses. Detailed cryanalysis show that the proposed password-based protocols for remote user authentication, password change and session key establishment are immune against man-in-the-middle attacks, replay attacks, password guessing attacks, outsider attacks, denial-of-Service attacks and impersonation attacks.

Zuowen Tan

2010-05-01

104

“Beautiful picture of an ugly place” : Exploring photo collections using opinion and sentiment analysis of user comments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

User generated content in the form of customer reviews, feedbacks and comments plays an important role in all types of Internet services and activities like news, shopping, forums and blogs. Therefore, the analysis of user opinions is potentially beneficial for the understanding of user attitudes or the improvement of various Internet services. In this paper, we propose a practical unsupervised approach to improve user

Kisilevich, Slava; Rohrdantz, Christian; Keim, Daniel

2010-01-01

105

Structural Analysis, Frailty Evaluation and Redesign (SAFER). Volume II. SAFER Users' Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The document is the users description of the SAFER Code: Version O, Mode O. It describes input requirements, output interpretation and some sample validation problems. Input data consists of data defining analysis options and problem characteristics and a...

R. J. Melosh R. W. Steeley

1970-01-01

106

Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched \\'controls\\' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status. RESULTS: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words).

Cullen, Walter

2009-01-01

107

Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched \\'controls\\' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status. RESULTS: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words).

Cullen, Walter

2012-02-01

108

Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched 'controls' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. Methods A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS status. Results Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91% had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use and 39(68% were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. Conclusion Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words

O'Kelly Fergus D

2009-04-01

109

Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid  

CERN Document Server

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is operating system and GRID environment independent. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L; The ATLAS collaboration; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

2013-01-01

110

Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid  

CERN Document Server

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and GRID environment . This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L; The ATLAS collaboration; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

2013-01-01

111

Dashboard Task Monitor for Managing ATLAS User Analysis on the Grid  

Science.gov (United States)

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and Grid environment. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L.; Andreeva, J.; Jha, M.; Karavakis, E.; Kokoszkiewicz, L.; Saiz, P.; Schovancova, J.; Tuckett, D.; Atlas Collaboration

2014-06-01

112

User Interactive Software for Analysis of Human Physiological Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Ambulatory physiological monitoring has been used to study human health and performance in space and in a variety of Earth-based environments (e.g., military aircraft, armored vehicles, small groups in isolation, and patients). Large, multi-channel data files are typically recorded in these environments, and these files often require the removal of contaminated data prior to processing and analyses. Physiological data processing can now be performed with user-friendly, interactive software developed by the Ames Psychophysiology Research Laboratory. This software, which runs on a Windows platform, contains various signal-processing routines for both time- and frequency- domain data analyses (e.g., peak detection, differentiation and integration, digital filtering, adaptive thresholds, Fast Fourier Transform power spectrum, auto-correlation, etc.). Data acquired with any ambulatory monitoring system that provides text or binary file format are easily imported to the processing software. The application provides a graphical user interface where one can manually select and correct data artifacts utilizing linear and zero interpolation and adding trigger points for missed peaks. Block and moving average routines are also provided for data reduction. Processed data in numeric and graphic format can be exported to Excel. This software, PostProc (for post-processing) requires the Dadisp engineering spreadsheet (DSP Development Corp), or equivalent, for implementation. Specific processing routines were written for electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, blood pressure, skin conductance level, impedance cardiography (cardiac output, stroke volume, thoracic fluid volume), temperature, and respiration

Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William; Taylor, Bruce C.; Acharya, Soumydipta

2006-01-01

113

ST-analyzer: A web-based user interface for simulation trajectory analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation has become one of the key tools to obtain deeper insights into biological systems using various levels of descriptions such as all-atom, united-atom, and coarse-grained models. Recent advances in computing resources and MD programs have significantly accelerated the simulation time and thus increased the amount of trajectory data. Although many laboratories routinely perform MD simulations, analyzing MD trajectories is still time consuming and often a difficult task. ST-analyzer, http://im.bioinformatics.ku.edu/st-analyzer, is a standalone graphical user interface (GUI) toolset to perform various trajectory analyses. ST-analyzer has several outstanding features compared to other existing analysis tools: (i) handling various formats of trajectory files from MD programs, such as CHARMM, NAMD, GROMACS, and Amber, (ii) intuitive web-based GUI environment-minimizing administrative load and reducing burdens on the user from adapting new software environments, (iii) platform independent design-working with any existing operating system, (iv) easy integration into job queuing systems-providing options of batch processing either on the cluster or in an interactive mode, and (v) providing independence between foreground GUI and background modules-making it easier to add personal modules or to recycle/integrate pre-existing scripts utilizing other analysis tools. The current ST-analyzer contains nine main analysis modules that together contain 18 options, including density profile, lipid deuterium order parameters, surface area per lipid, and membrane hydrophobic thickness. This article introduces ST-analyzer with its design, implementation, and features, and also illustrates practical analysis of lipid bilayer simulations. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24638223

Jeong, Jong Cheol; Jo, Sunhwan; Wu, Emilia L; Qi, Yifei; Monje-Galvan, Viviana; Yeom, Min Sun; Gorenstein, Lev; Chen, Feng; Klauda, Jeffery B; Im, Wonpil

2014-05-01

114

Task Knowledges Commonality Analysis Method (TKCAM) User's Manual.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document is a step by step guide to Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) commonality analysis using the Task Knowledges Commonality Analysis Method (TKCAM). TKCAM is an analytical method that can be used to determine the commonality between MOSs in ...

A. Akman

1998-01-01

115

User Behavior Analysis from Web Log using Log Analyzer Tool  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Now a day, internet plays a role of huge database in which many websites, information and search engines are available. But due to unstructured and semi-structured data in webpage, it has become a challenging task to extract relevant information. Its main reason is that traditional knowledge based technique are not correct to efficiently utilization the knowledge, because it consist of many discover pattern, contains a lots of noise and uncertainty. In this paper, analyzing of web usage mining has been made with the help if web log data for which web log analyzer tool, “Deep Log Analyzer” to find out abstract information from particular server and also tried to find out the user behavior and also developed an ontology which consist the relation among efficient web apart of web usage mining.

Brijesh Bakariya

2013-11-01

116

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Four Prymnesiophyte Algae  

Science.gov (United States)

Genomic studies of bacteria, archaea and viruses have provided insights into the microbial world by unveiling potential functional capabilities and molecular pathways. However, the rate of discovery has been slower among microbial eukaryotes, whose genomes are larger and more complex. Transcriptomic approaches provide a cost-effective alternative for examining genetic potential and physiological responses of microbial eukaryotes to environmental stimuli. In this study, we generated and compared the transcriptomes of four globally-distributed, bloom-forming prymnesiophyte algae: Prymnesium parvum, Chrysochromulina brevifilum, Chrysochromulina ericina and Phaeocystis antarctica. Our results revealed that the four transcriptomes possess a set of core genes that are similar in number and shared across all four organisms. The functional classifications of these core genes using the euKaryotic Orthologous Genes (KOG) database were also similar among the four study organisms. More broadly, when the frequencies of different cellular and physiological functions were compared with other protists, the species clustered by both phylogeny and nutritional modes. Thus, these clustering patterns provide insight into genomic factors relating to both evolutionary relationships as well as trophic ecology. This paper provides a novel comparative analysis of the transcriptomes of ecologically important and closely related prymnesiophyte protists and advances an emerging field of study that uses transcriptomics to reveal ecology and function in protists.

Koid, Amy E.; Liu, Zhenfeng; Terrado, Ramon; Jones, Adriane C.; Caron, David A.; Heidelberg, Karla B.

2014-01-01

117

Comparative study between AZERTY-type and K- Hermes virtual keyboards dedicated to users with cerebral palsy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to compare two virtual keyboards for people with cerebral palsy; many of these users have difficulty performing actions using their upper limbs due to large numbers of unwanted movements. The first is a classical QWERTY type keyboard, called Clavicom NG. The second is the K-Hermes proposed in this paper. K-Hermes is a reduced and monotape keyboard; its entry principles are inspired by the T9 keyboard. The aim of the experiment is to demonstrate the reduced effort and ...

2011-01-01

118

Light water reactor fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2). Detailed structure and user`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A light water reactor fuel behavior analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2) was developed as an improved version of FEMAXI-IV. Development of FEMAXI-IV has been already finished in 1992, though a detailed structure and input manual of the code have not been open to users yet. Here, the basic theories and structure, the models and numerical solutions applied to FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), and the material properties adopted in the code are described in detail. In FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), programming bugs in previous FEMAXI-IV were eliminated, renewal of the pellet thermal conductivity was performed, and a model of thermal-stress restraint on FP gas release was incorporated. For facilitation of effective and wide-ranging application of the code, methods of input/output of the code are also described in detail, and sample output is included. (author)

Suzuki, Motoe [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Saitou, Hiroaki

1997-11-01

119

"Do Users Do What They Think They Do?"- A Comparative Study of User Perceived and Actual Information Searching Behaviour in the National Electronic Library of Infection  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last decade, the Internet has profoundly changed the delivery of healthcare. Medical websites for professionals and patients are playing an increasingly important role in providing the latest evidence-based knowledge for professionals, facilitating virtual patient support groups, and providing an invaluable information source for patients. Information seeking is the key user activity on the Internet. However, the discrepancy between what information is available and what the user is able to find has a profound effect on user satisfaction. The UK National electronic Library of Infection (NeLI, www.neli.org.uk) and its subsidiary projects provide a single-access portal for quality-appraised evidence in infectious diseases. We use this national portal, as test-bed for investigating our research questions. In this paper, we investigate actual and perceived user navigation behaviour that reveals important information about user perceptions and actions, in searching for information. Our results show: (i) all users were able to access information they were seeking; (ii) broadly, there is an agreement between "reported" behaviour (from questionnaires) and "observed" behaviour (from web logs), although some important differences were identified; (iii) both browsing and searching were equally used to answer specific questions and (iv) the preferred route for browsing for data on the NeLI website was to enter via the "Top Ten Topics" menu option. These findings provide important insights into how to improve user experience and satisfaction with health information websites.

Roy, Anjana; Kostkova, Patty; Catchpole, Mike; Carson, Ewart

120

Modelling User-Costs in Life Cycle Cost-Benefit (LCCB) analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The importance of including user's costs in Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit analysis of structures is discussed in this paper. This is especially for bridges of great importance. Repair or/and failure of a bridge will usually result in user costs greater than the repair or replacement costs of the bridge. For the society (and the user's) it is therefore of great importance that maintenance or replacement of a bridge is performed in such a way that all costs are minimized - not only the owners cost.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Hawaiian propolis: comparative analysis and botanical origin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Propolis is a resinous mixture of substances collected and processed from various botanical sources by honeybees (Apis mellifera). We recently obtained Hawaiian propolis, the study of which, to our knowledge, has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to analyze the composition of Hawaiian propolis and to identify its botanical origin. A comparative analysis of Hawaiian and Okinawan propolis and of the glandular trichomes on Macaranga tanarius fruit (the botanical origin of Okinawan propolis) was performed using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution-electrospray mass spectrometry. Hawaiian propolis contained nine prenylflavonoids that were also isolated from Okinawan propolis. In conclusion, we suggest that the botanical origin of Hawaiian propolis is M. tanarius, the same as that of Okinawan propolis. PMID:24689281

Inui, Saori; Hosoya, Takahiro; Kumazaw, Shigenori

2014-02-01

122

Construction QA/QC systems: comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An analysis which compares the quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) systems adopted in the highway, nuclear power plant, and U.S. Navy construction areas with the traditional quality control approach used in building construction is presented. Full participation and support by the owner as well as the contractor and AE firm are required if a QA/QC system is to succeed. Process quality control, acceptance testing and quality assurance responsibilities must be clearly defined in the contract documents. The owner must audit these responsibilities. A contractor quality control plan, indicating the tasks which will be performed and the fact that QA/QC personnel are independent of project time/cost pressures should be submitted for approval. The architect must develop realistic specifications which consider the natural variability of material. Acceptance criteria based on the random sampling technique should be used. 27 refs

1980-01-01

123

A critical analysis of user satisfaction surveys in addiction services: opioid maintenance treatment as a representative case study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Satisfaction with services represents a key component of the user’s perspective, and user satisfaction surveys are the most commonly used approach to evaluate the aforementioned perspective. The aim of this discursive paper is to provide a critical overview of user satisfaction surveys in addiction treatment and harm reduction services, with a particular focus on opioid maintenance treatment as a representative case. Methods We carried out a selective critical review and analysis of the literature on user satisfaction surveys in addiction treatment and harm reduction services. Results Most studies that have reported results of satisfaction surveys have found that the great majority of users (virtually all, in many cases) are highly satisfied with the services received. However, when these results are compared to the findings of studies that use different methodologies to explore the patient’s perspective, the results are not as consistent as might be expected. It is not uncommon to find that “highly satisfied” patients report significant problems when mixed-methods studies are conducted. To understand this apparent contradiction, we explored two distinct (though not mutually exclusive) lines of reasoning, one of which concerns conceptual aspects and the other, methodological questions. Conclusion User satisfaction surveys, as currently designed and carried out in addiction treatment and harm reduction services, do not significantly help to improve service quality. Therefore, most of the enthusiasm and naiveté with which satisfaction surveys are currently performed and interpreted – and rarely acted on in the case of nonoptimal results – should be avoided. A truly participatory approach to program evaluation is urgently needed to reshape and transform patient satisfaction surveys.

Trujols, Joan; Iraurgi, Ioseba; Oviedo-Joekes, Eugenia; Guardia-Olmos, Joan

2014-01-01

124

FACTOR ANALYSIS OF USERS PREFERENCE ATTRIBUTES IN USING WEB OPAC IN ACADEMIC LIBRARY: A SURVEY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to gain an understanding of the acceptance andpreference attributes of Web-Opac services among the users of Gandhi Group ofInstitutions, Odisha, who uses library regularly. Web OPAC is an online public accesscatalogue provides the full description of the library resources through online. In thisstudy Reliability Analysis was conducted for testing the preference of user on Web-Opacfeatures.

MAHENDRA K SAHU

2013-05-01

125

Comparative Analysis of Competitive Strategy Implementation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents research findings on Competitive Strategy Implementation which compared the levels of strategy implementation achieved by different generic strategy groups, comprising firms inclined towards low cost leadership, differentiation or dual strategic advantage.  The study sought to determine the preferences for use of implementation armaments and compared how such armaments related to the level of implementation achieved.   Respondents comprised 71 top executives from 59 companies among the top 300 private sector firms in Kenya.  SPSS software was used to conduct t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis, to within 95% confidence interval or 5% statistical significance. The results indicated that there was no significant difference between the levels of strategy implementation achieved by any pair set of the three strategic groups.  The study revealed that the predictors of strategy implementation include the firm’s capacity to overcome resistance to change, having incentives based on meeting strictly quantitative targets, adopting a win-lose competitive posture, its effectiveness in strategy implementation, and the environmental rate of change.  The results also indicated that there was no significant difference between the preferences for use of either win-lose or win-win competition by any pair set of the strategic groups. 

Maina A. S. Waweru

2011-09-01

126

Comparative performance analysis of agro-ecosystems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Detailed and reliable information on land use systems, as needed for quantitative studies, is scarce and often of low quality. This calls for (guidelines on) data harmonization. Practical concepts to describe and study land use are discussed; the development of the Land Use Database software was instrumental in defining them. Required is that by plot, information on land use purpose(s), on operations and on observations as made by land users is put on record through interviews. To classify la...

Bie, C. A. J. M.

2000-01-01

127

Visual Analysis of Controversy in User-generated Encyclopedias  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wikipedia is a large and rapidly growing Web-based collaborative authoring environment, where anyone on the Internet can create, modify, and delete pages about encyclopedic topics. A remarkable property of some Wikipedia pages is that they are written by up to thousands of authors who may have contradicting opinions. In this paper we show that a visual analysis of the who revises whom - network gives deep insight into controversies. We propose a set of analysis and visualization techniques t...

Brandes, Ulrik; Lerner, Ju?rgen

2007-01-01

128

Users? guide to the orthopaedic literature: What is a cost-effectiveness analysis?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the cost of healthcare continue to rise, orthopaedic surgeons are being pressured to practice cost-effective healthcare. Consequently, economic evaluation of treatment options are being reported more commonly in medical and surgical literature. As new orthopaedic procedures and treatments may improve patient outcome and function over traditional treatment options, the effect of the potentially higher costs of new treatments should be formally evaluated. Unfortunately, the resources available for healthcare spending are typically limited. Therefore, cost-effectiveness analyses have become an important and useful tool in informing which procedure or treatment to implement into practice. Cost-effectiveness analysis is a type of economic analysis that compares both the clinical outcomes and the costs of new treatment options to current treatment options or standards of care. For a clinician to be able to apply the results of a cost-effectiveness analysis to their practice, they must be able to critically review the available literature. Conducting an economic analysis is a challenging process, which has resulted in a number of published economic analyses that are of lower quality and may be fraught with bias. It is important that the reader of an economic analysis or cost-effectiveness analysis have the skills required to properly evaluate and critically appraise the methodology used before applying the recommendations to their practice. Using the principles of evidence-based medicine and the questions outlined in the Journal of the American Medical Association?s Users? Guide to the Medical Literature, this article attempts to illustrate how to critically appraise a cost-effectiveness analysis in the orthopaedic surgery literature.

Tanner Stephanie

2008-01-01

129

CMS Configuration Editor: GUI based application for user analysis job definition  

CERN Document Server

We present the user interface and the software architecture of the Configuration Editor that is used by CMS physicists to configure their physics analysis tasks. Analysis workflows typically involve execution of a sequence of algorithms, and these are implemented as software modules that are integrated within the CMS software framework (CMSSW). In particular, a set of common analysis tools is provided in the so-called CMS Physics Analysis Toolkit (PAT) and these need to be steered and configured during the execution of an analysis job. The Python scripting language is used to define the job configuration that drives the analysis workflow. Configuring analysis jobs can be quite a challenging task, particularly for newcomers, and therefore a graphical tool, called the Configuration Editor, has been developed to facilitate the creation and inspection of these configuration files. Typically, a user-defined analysis workflow can be produced starting from a standard configuration file, applying and configuring PAT ...

De Cosa, Annapaola

2010-01-01

130

User's guide for 10 CFR 61 impact analysis codes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document explains how to use the Impact Analysis Codes used in the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) (NUREG-0782, Vol. 1-4) supporting 10 CFR 61, Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste. The mathematical development of the impact Analysis Codes and other information necessary to understand the results of using the Codes is contained in the DEIS, and in a supporting document, Data Base for Radioactive Waste Management (NUREG/CR-1759, Vol. 1-3). This document was prepared with the intention of accompanying a computer magnetic tape containing the Impact Analysis Codes. A form is included at the end of this document which can be used to obtain such a tape

1983-01-01

131

Visual analysis of controversy in user-generated encyclopedias  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Wikipedia is a large and rapidly growing Web-based collaborative authoring environment,wher e anyone on the Internet can create,modify ,and delete pages about encyclopedic topics. A remarkable property of some Wikipedia pages is that they are written by up to thousands of authors who may have contradicting opinions. In this paper,w e show that a visual analysis of the 'who revises whom'-network gives deep insight into controversies. We propose a set of analysis and visualization techniques th...

Brandes, Ulrik; Lerner, Ju?rgen

2008-01-01

132

User Suggestions Extraction from customer Reviews A Sentiment Analysis approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Customer review is a major criterion for the improvement of the quality of services rendered and enhancement of the deliverables. Blogs, articles and discussion forums, provide manufacturers or sellers with a good understanding of the reception level of their products in the competitive market. An interesting area from the business analysis perspective, this paper discusses an opinion based mining technique for the extraction of the relevant data using Natural Language Processing and text analysis, and comprehends suggestions from an actionable feedback.

Vishwanath.J,

2011-03-01

133

User's Guide: Arch Dam Stress Analysis System (ADSAS).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Arch Dam Stress Analysis System (ADSAS) is a computerized version of the trial load method of analyzing arch dams. ADSAS assumes linear elastic behavior for the entire dam, i.e. the dam is assumed to support the computed tensile stresses within the co...

1997-01-01

134

Comparative metagenome analysis of an Alaskan glacier.  

Science.gov (United States)

The temperature in the Arctic region has been increasing in the recent past accompanied by melting of its glaciers. We took a snapshot of the current microbial inhabitation of an Alaskan glacier (which can be considered as one of the simplest possible ecosystems) by using metagenomic sequencing of 16S rRNA recovered from ice/snow samples. Somewhat contrary to our expectations and earlier estimates, a rich and diverse microbial population of more than 2,500 species was revealed including several species of Archaea that has been identified for the first time in the glaciers of the Northern hemisphere. The most prominent bacterial groups found were Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes. Firmicutes were not reported in large numbers in a previously studied Alpine glacier but were dominant in an Antarctic subglacial lake. Representatives of Cyanobacteria, Actinobacteria and Planctomycetes were among the most numerous, likely reflecting the dependence of the ecosystem on the energy obtained through photosynthesis and close links with the microbial community of the soil. Principal component analysis (PCA) of nucleotide word frequency revealed distinct sequence clusters for different taxonomic groups in the Alaskan glacier community and separate clusters for the glacial communities from other regions of the world. Comparative analysis of the community composition and bacterial diversity present in the Byron glacier in Alaska with other environments showed larger overlap with an Arctic soil than with a high Arctic lake, indicating patterns of community exchange and suggesting that these bacteria may play an important role in soil development during glacial retreat. PMID:24712530

Choudhari, Sulbha; Lohia, Ruchi; Grigoriev, Andrey

2014-04-01

135

Comparing group dehumanization and intra-sexual competition among normally ovulating women and hormonal contraceptive users.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies address the role of hormonal shift across menstrual cycle in female dehumanization of other women. In Study 1, normally ovulating women (NOW) and women who use hormonal contraceptives (HCW) are compared in terms of how much they dehumanize other women and two other control targets (men and elderly people). In NOW, the level of dehumanization of other women, but not of men and elderly people, increases as the conception risk is enhanced. HCW do not show this pattern of results. In Study 2, we investigate the level of dehumanization of other women and of intra-sexual competition. Findings concerning dehumanization replicate those of Study 1. Intra-sexual competition increases with the rise of conception risk only in NOW. In addition, dehumanization is significantly associated with intra-sexual competition in NOW but not in HCW. Together, these studies demonstrate that dehumanization of women is elicited by menstrual cycle-related processes and associated with women's mate-attraction goals. PMID:23928396

Piccoli, Valentina; Foroni, Francesco; Carnaghi, Andrea

2013-12-01

136

Empirical analysis of web-based user-object bipartite networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the structure and evolution of web-based user-object networks is a significant task since they play a crucial role in e-commerce nowadays. This letter reports the empirical analysis on two large-scale web sites, audioscrobbler.com and del.icio.us, where users are connected with music groups and bookmarks, respectively. The degree distributions and degree-degree correlations for both users and objects are reported. We propose a new index, named collaborative similarity, to quantify the diversity of tastes based on the collaborative selection. Accordingly, the correlation between degree and selection diversity is investigated. We report some novel phenomena well characterizing the selection mechanism of web users and outline the relevance of these phenomena to the information recommendation problem.

Shang, Ming-Sheng; Lü, Linyuan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

2010-05-01

137

Comparative analysis of safety related site characteristics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document presents a comparative analysis of site characteristics related to long-term safety for the two candidate sites for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark (municipality of Oesthammar) and in Laxemar (municipality of Oskarshamn) from the point of view of site selection. The analyses are based on the updated site descriptions of Forsmark /SKB 2008a/ and Laxemar /SKB 2009a/, together with associated updated repository layouts and designs /SKB 2008b and SKB 2009b/. The basis for the comparison is thus two equally and thoroughly assessed sites. However, the analyses presented here are focussed on differences between the sites rather than evaluating them in absolute terms. The document serves as a basis for the site selection, from the perspective of long-term safety, in SKB's application for a final repository. A full evaluation of safety is made for a repository at the selected site in the safety assessment SR-Site /SKB 2011/, referred to as SR-Site main report in the following

Andersson, Johan (ed.)

2010-12-15

138

Comparative analysis of safety related site characteristics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document presents a comparative analysis of site characteristics related to long-term safety for the two candidate sites for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark (municipality of Oesthammar) and in Laxemar (municipality of Oskarshamn) from the point of view of site selection. The analyses are based on the updated site descriptions of Forsmark /SKB 2008a/ and Laxemar /SKB 2009a/, together with associated updated repository layouts and designs /SKB 2008b and SKB 2009b/. The basis for the comparison is thus two equally and thoroughly assessed sites. However, the analyses presented here are focussed on differences between the sites rather than evaluating them in absolute terms. The document serves as a basis for the site selection, from the perspective of long-term safety, in SKB's application for a final repository. A full evaluation of safety is made for a repository at the selected site in the safety assessment SR-Site /SKB 2011/, referred to as SR-Site main report in the following

2010-01-01

139

A comparative analysis of the statistical properties of large mobile phone calling networks  

CERN Multimedia

Mobile phone calling is one of the most widely used communication methods in modern society. The records of calls among mobile phone users provide us a valuable proxy for the understanding of human communication patterns embedded in social networks. Mobile phone users call each other forming a directed calling network. If only reciprocal calls are considered, we obtain an undirected mutual calling network. The preferential communication behavior between two connected users can be statistically tested and it results in two Bonferroni networks with statistically validated edges. We perform a comparative analysis of the statistical properties of four networks, which are constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that these networks share many common structural properties and also exhibit idiosyncratic features when compared with previously studied large mobile calling networks. The empirical findings provide us an intriguing picture o...

Li, Ming-Xia; Xie, Wen-Jie; Miccichè, Salvatore; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N

2014-01-01

140

Critical Connections: Communication for the Future. Volume 2. Contractor Documents. Part 4: Industry Integration, Comparative Advantage in Business, Categorization of Communication Users, State Regulation, Defense Interests.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contents: Integration in key communications industries: business and policy considerations; Communication and comparative advantage in the business arena: operations and technological development; Categorization of communication users; State regulation of...

A. Mowshowitz B. Dervin M. Edmonds P. Teske S. N. Brotman

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

CULTURE AND SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE: ANALYSIS OF JAPANESE TWITTER USERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Twitter, one of the most popular microblogging tools, has been used extensively all around the world. However, up to date, no study has addressed how culture influences the use of this communication platform. In order to close the literature gap and promote cross-cultural understandings, this paper content analyzed 4,000 tweets from 200 college students in Japan and the USA. The results showed that Japanese college students post more self-related messages and ask fewer questions compared to American college students. It was also found that tweets that refer to TV are more common in Japan, whereas sports and news tweets stand out in the USA. The evidence from this study suggests that there is a subtle and complicated relationship between culture and Twitter use.

Adam Acar

2013-06-01

142

AUDITOR ROTATION - A CRITICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper starts out from the challenge regarding auditor tenure launched in 2010 by the Green Paper of the European Commission Audit Policy: Lessons from the Crisis. According to this document, the European Commission speaks both in favor of the mandatory rotation of the audit firm, and in favor of the mandatory rotation of audit partners. Rotation is considered a solution to mitigate threats to independence generated by familiarity, intimidation and self-interest in the context of a long-term audit-client relationship. At international level, there are several studies on auditor rotation, both empirical (e.g. Lu and Sivaramakrishnan, 2009, Li, 2010, Kaplan and Mauldin, 2008, Jackson et al., 2008 and normative in nature (e.g. Marten et al., 2007, Muller, 2006 and Gelter, 2004. The objective of the present paper is to perform a critical and comparative analysis of the regulations on internal and external rotation in force at international level, in the European Union and in the United States of America. Moreover, arguments both in favor and against mandatory rotation are brought into discussion. With regard to the research design, the paper has a normative approach. The main findings are first of all that by comparison, all regulatory authorities require internal rotation at least in the case of public interest entities, while the external rotation is not in the focus of the regulators. In general, the most strict and detailed requirements are those issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission from the United States of America. Second of all, in favor of mandatory rotation speaks the fact that the auditor becomes less resilient in case of divergence of opinions between him and company management, less stimulated to follow his own interest, and more scrupulous in conducting the audit. However, mandatory rotation may also have negative consequences, thus the debate on the opportunity of this regulatory measure remains open-ended.

Mocanu Mihaela

2011-12-01

143

Economic growth analysis system: User's guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The guide is intended to function as a manual for the Economic Growth Analysis System (E-GAS). The objective of the report was to describe the development of a prototype E-GAS modeling system. The E-GAS model will be used to project emissions inventories of volatile organic compounds, oxides of nitrogen, and carbon monoxide for ozone nonattainment areas and Regional Oxidation Model (ROM) modeling regions. The guide describes in detail the workings of the E-GAS computer modeling software, and its relationships with internal modeling software components, like Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) models, and external software, like ROM, the Aerometric Information Retrieval System (AIRS), and the Urban Airshed Model (UAM). The guide describes all inputs and outputs from the software, and includes a description of all variables used by the E-GAS system.

1993-04-01

144

Driving an electric vehicle. A sociological analysis on pioneer users  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In most of the western countries, car is the prevalent means of transport for local mobility. At the same time, sensitivity to environmental issues is increasing, correlated to the consciousness that carbon dioxide emissions have to be reduced. In regard to these two trends (individual mobility and public opinions favourable to a reduction of carbon emissions), energy-efficient vehicles will probably develop in the future-car manufacturers actually prepare new offers for the mass market. Comparable cases have occurred during the last decades-probably more modest but full of learning: some local authorities have promoted innovations based on electric vehicles in the 1990s, and some people have chosen this kind of cars for their daily travels. This article deals with these pioneers (This article comes from a communication at the ECEEE Summer Study, June 2009, Panel 6: Energy efficiency in transport and mobility.). Reporting studies carried out in 2006 and 2008, we intend to identify the reasons of this innovative modal choice, to show the difficulties that electric vehicle drivers then encountered and to analyse the patterns of use that governed their mobility and their use of electric vehicles.

Pierre, M. [EDF R and D, Electricite de France, Research and Development, 1 avenue du General de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart (France); Jemelin, C. [6T research bureau, 11 rue Duhesme, 75018 Paris (France); Louvet, N. [EPFL, Lausanne Federal Polytechnic School, 11 rue Duhesme, 75018 Paris (France)

2011-11-15

145

User performance analysis of different image-based navigation systems for needle placement procedures  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a user performance analysis of four navigation systems based on different visualization schemes (2D, 3D, stereoscopy on a monitor, and a stereo head mounted display (HMD)). We developed a well-defined user workflow, which starts with the selection of a safe and efficient needle path, followed by the placement, insertion and removal of the needle. We performed the needle procedure on a foam-based phantom, targeting a virtual lesion while avoiding virtual critical structures. The phantom and needle"s position and orientation were optically tracked in real-time. 28 users performed each a total of 20 needle placements, on five phantom configurations using the four visualization schemes. Based on digital measurements, and on qualitative user surveys, we computed the following parameters: accuracy and duration of the procedure, user progress, efficiency, confidence, and judgment. The results show that all systems are about equivalent when it comes to reaching the center of the target. However the HMD- and 2D- based systems performed better in avoiding the surrounding structures. The needle procedures were performed in a shorter amount of time using the HMD- and 3D- based systems. With appropriate user training, procedure time for the 2D- based system decreased significantly.

Azar, Fred S.; Perrin, Nathalie; Khamene, Ali; Vogt, Sebastian; Sauer, Frank

2004-05-01

146

Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data  

CERN Document Server

A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of semantic and temporal-based constraints. We have processed over 30 thousand user browsing sessions extracted from usage logs of DBPedia and Semantic Web Dog Food. All these events are formalized semantically using respective domain ontologies and RDF representations of the Web resources being accessed. We show the eectiveness of our approach through experimental results, providing in this way an exploratory analysis of the way users browse theWeb of Data.

Hoxha, Julia; Agarwal, Sudhir

2012-01-01

147

Human Capital Development: Comparative Analysis of BRICs  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The goal of this article is to conduct macro-level analysis of human capital (HC) development strategies, pursued by four countries commonly referred to as BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). Design/methodology/approach: This analysis is based on comparisons of macro indices of human capital and innovativeness of the economy and a…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Zavyalova, Elena; Minina, Vera

2012-01-01

148

Army Sustainability Modelling Analysis and Reporting Tool Phase 1: User Manual and Results Interpretation Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report is designed to assist users of the Army Sustainability Modelling Analysis and Reporting Tool (A-SMART) in setting up input parameters and scenarios, running the models and interpreting the model outputs. A-SMART is a software tool under contra...

A. Roth J. Stewien M. Zucchi M. K. Richmond S. Miller

2009-01-01

149

Inventory of activation analysis facilities available in the European Community to Industrial users  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This inventory includes lists of activation equipment produced in the European Community, facilities available for industrial users and activation laboratories existing in the European companies. The aim of this inventory is to provide all information that may be useful, to companies interested in activation analysis, as well as to give an idea on existing routine applications and on the European market in facilities

1975-01-01

150

A critical analysis of user satisfaction surveys in addiction services: opioid maintenance treatment as a representative case study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Joan Trujols,1,2 Ioseba Iraurgi,3 Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes,4,5 Joan Guàrdia-Olmos61Unitat de Conductes Addictives, Servei de Psiquiatria, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau, Barcelona, 2Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM, Madrid, 3DeustoPsych – Unidad de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación en Psicología y Salud, Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, Spain; 4School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 5Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, Providence Health Care Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada; 6Departament de Metodologia de les Ciències del Comportament, Facultat de Psicologia, Institut de Recerca en Cervell, Cognició i Conducta (IR3C, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, SpainBackground: Satisfaction with services represents a key component of the user's perspective, and user satisfaction surveys are the most commonly used approach to evaluate the aforementioned perspective. The aim of this discursive paper is to provide a critical overview of user satisfaction surveys in addiction treatment and harm reduction services, with a particular focus on opioid maintenance treatment as a representative case.Methods: We carried out a selective critical review and analysis of the literature on user satisfaction surveys in addiction treatment and harm reduction services.Results: Most studies that have reported results of satisfaction surveys have found that the great majority of users (virtually all, in many cases are highly satisfied with the services received. However, when these results are compared to the findings of studies that use different methodologies to explore the patient's perspective, the results are not as consistent as might be expected. It is not uncommon to find that “highly satisfied” patients report significant problems when mixed-methods studies are conducted. To understand this apparent contradiction, we explored two distinct (though not mutually exclusive lines of reasoning, one of which concerns conceptual aspects and the other, methodological questions.Conclusion: User satisfaction surveys, as currently designed and carried out in addiction treatment and harm reduction services, do not significantly help to improve service quality. Therefore, most of the enthusiasm and naiveté with which satisfaction surveys are currently performed and interpreted – and rarely acted on in the case of nonoptimal results – should be avoided. A truly participatory approach to program evaluation is urgently needed to reshape and transform patient satisfaction surveys.Keywords: patient satisfaction, substance abuse treatment services, harm reduction services, patient-centered evaluation, service user perspective, user involvement

Trujols J

2014-01-01

151

A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing: phase, baseline correction and normalization. Importing processed spectra. Including/excluding spectral ranges, optional binning and bucketing, detection and alignment of peaks. Sorting of metabolites based on their ability to discriminate, metabolite selection, and outlier identification. Multivariate unsupervised analysis: principal components analysis (PCA. Multivariate supervised analysis: partial least squares (PLS, linear discriminant analysis (LDA, k-nearest neighbor classification. Neural networks. Visualization and overlapping of spectra. Plot values of the chemical shift position for different samples. Furthermore, the "Metabonomic" GUI includes a console to enable other kinds of analyses and to take advantage of all R statistical tools. Conclusion We made complex multivariate analysis user-friendly for both experienced and novice users, which could help to expand the use of NMR-based metabonomics.

Villa Palmira

2009-10-01

152

Comparative sequence analysis of tmRNA.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Minimal secondary structures of the bacterial and plastid tmRNAs were derived by comparative analyses of 50 aligned tmRNA sequences. The structures include 12 helices and four pseudoknots and are refinements of earlier versions, but include only those base pairs for which there is comparative evidence. Described are the conserved and variable features of the tmRNAs from a wide phylogenetic spectrum, the structural properties specific to the bacterial subgroups and preliminary 3-dimensional mo...

Zwieb, C.; Wower, I.; Wower, J.

1999-01-01

153

Comparative analysis of Indonesian and Korean governance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper overviews governance issues in Indonesia and Korea from a comparative perspective. To do so, the WGI (World Governance Index) developed by the World Bank is employed for a more objective and consistent comparison between the two countries. WGI consists of six dimensions of voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption. The two countries are analyzed and compared by ea...

Hwang, Yunwon

2011-01-01

154

Comparative Analysis of Competitive Strategy Implementation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents research findings on Competitive Strategy Implementation which compared the levels of strategy implementation achieved by different generic strategy groups, comprising firms inclined towards low cost leadership, differentiation or dual strategic advantage.  The study sought to determine the preferences for use of implementation armaments and compared how such armaments related to the level of implementation achieved.   Respondents comprised 71 top executives from 59 com...

Waweru, Maina A. S.

2011-01-01

155

Comparative Genome Analysis of Malaria Parasite Species  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With over 200 million infections and up to one million deaths every year, malaria remains one of the most devastating infectious diseases affecting humans. Over the last few years, complete genome sequences of both human and non-human malaria parasite species have become available, adding comparative genomics to the toolbox of molecular biologists to study the genetic basis of human virulence. In this thesis, I computationally compared the published genomes of seven malaria parasite species w...

2013-01-01

156

E-learning interventions are comparable to user's manual in a randomized trial of training strategies for the AGREE II  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Practice guidelines (PGs are systematically developed statements intended to assist in patient and practitioner decisions. The AGREE II is the revised tool for PG development, reporting, and evaluation, comprised of 23 items, two global rating scores, and a new User's Manual. In this study, we sought to develop, execute, and evaluate the impact of two internet interventions designed to accelerate the capacity of stakeholders to use the AGREE II. Methods Participants were randomized to one of three training conditions. 'Tutorial'--participants proceeded through the online tutorial with a virtual coach and reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II. 'Tutorial + Practice Exercise'--in addition to the Tutorial, participants also appraised a 'practice' PG. For the practice PG appraisal, participants received feedback on how their scores compared to expert norms and formative feedback if scores fell outside the predefined range. 'AGREE II User's Manual PDF (control condition'--participants reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II only. All participants evaluated a test PG using the AGREE II. Outcomes of interest were learners' performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, mental effort, time-on-task, and perceptions of AGREE II. Results No differences emerged between training conditions on any of the outcome measures. Conclusions We believe these results can be explained by better than anticipated performance of the AGREE II PDF materials (control condition or the participants' level of health methodology and PG experience rather than the failure of the online training interventions. Some data suggest the online tools may be useful for trainees new to this field; however, this requires further study.

Durocher Lisa D

2011-07-01

157

Sentiment Analysis Based Approaches for Understanding User Context in Web Content?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our day to day lives, we highly value the opinions of friends in making decisions about issueslike which brand to buy or which movie to watch. With the increasing popularity of blogs, online reviews andsocial networking sites, the current trend is to look up reviews, expert opinions and discussions on the Web,so that one can make an informed decision. Sentiment analysis, also known as opinion mining is thecomputational study of opinions, sentiments and emotions expressed in natural language for the purpose ofdecision making. Sentiment analysis applies natural language processing techniques and computationallinguistics to extract information about sentiments expressed by authors and readers about a particularsubject, thus helping users in making sense of huge volume of unstructured Web data. Applications likereview classification, product review mining and trend prediction benefit from sentiment analysis basedtechniques. This paper presents a study of different approaches in this field, the state of the art techniquesand current research in Sentiment Analysis based approaches for understanding user's context.We show that information about social relationships can be used to improve user-level sentiment analysis.The main motivation behind our approach is that users that are somehow "connected" may be more likely tohold similar opinions; therefore, relationship information can complement what we can extract about auser's viewpoints from their utterances. Employing Twitter as a source for our experimental data, andworking within a semi-supervised framework, we propose models that are induced either from the Twitterfollower/follower network or from the network in Twitter formed by users referring to each other using "@"mentions. Our transductive learning results reveal that incorporating social-network information can indeedlead to statistically significant sentiment classification improvements over the performance of an approachbased on Support Vector Machines having access only to textual features.

M. SAKTHIVEL

2013-07-01

158

Code development and analysis program. RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2): user's manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This manual describes RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2), which is the latest version of the RELAP4 LPWR blowdown code. Version 2 is a precursor to the final version of RELAP4/MOD7, which will address LPWR LOCA analysis in integral fashion (i.e., blowdown, refill, and reflood in continuous fashion). This manual describes the new code models and provides application information required to utilize the code. It must be used in conjunction with the RELAP4/MOD5 User's Manual (ANCR-NUREG-1335, dated September 1976), and the RELAP4/MOD6 User's Manual (CDAP-TR-003, dated January 1978).

None

1978-08-01

159

A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI) for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. /Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing: phase, baseline correction and norma...

Izquierdo-garci?a, Jose L.; Rodriguez, Ignacio; Kyriazis, Angelos; Villa, Palmira; Barreiro Elorza, Pilar; Desco, Manuel; Ruiz Cabello Osuna, Jesus Maria

2009-01-01

160

AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table. (RWR)

1977-10-01

 
 
 
 
161

AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table

1977-01-01

162

A multivariate analysis of the factors that influence the modification of sexual desire in oral hormonal contraceptive (OC users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. This work studied the influencing factors of age, level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the age at which sexual relationships were initiated, parity, the method of contraceptive previously used, the type of contraceptive pill used and the duration of oral hormonal contraception (OC use in relation to the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Materials and Methods. Prospective study of 760 OC users at the Family Planning Center “Marina Alta” in Alicante (Spain. A logistical regression analysis was carried out to study the relative risk of reduction in libido, taking other risk factors into account. Results. In the simple analysis, women who initiated sexual relationships between 18 and 25 years of age had a lower sexual desire in comparison with women who were sexually active before the age of 18 (OR = 2.11; CI: 1.15 - 3.91. Nulliparous women had a reduced sexual desire compared with those women that had given birth (OR = 2.32; CI: 1.41 - 3.82. An OC use of between 6 months and 1 year reduced sexual desire in comparison with a use of less than 6 months (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64. In the multivariate analysis, age (OR = 1.12; CI: 1.01 - 1.21 and the use of OC within an initial 6 month to a year period (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64 presented a statistically significant relationship with the modification of sexual desire. The level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the method of contraception previously used and the type of contraceptive pill prescribed showed no statistical significance with the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Conclusions. Sexual desire in OC users decreases as a woman’s age increases and in an early stage of use in the first six months after beginning OC treatment.

Mariano Martin-Loeches

2011-09-01

163

Aggregate Characterization of User Behavior in Twitter and Analysis of the Retweet Graph  

CERN Document Server

Most previous analysis of Twitter user behavior is focused on individual information cascades and the social followers graph. We instead study aggregate user behavior and the retweet graph with a focus on quantitative descriptions. We find that the lifetime tweet distribution is a type-II discrete Weibull stemming from a power law hazard function, the tweet rate distribution, although asymptotically power law, exhibits a lognormal cutoff over finite sample intervals, and the inter-tweet interval distribution is power law with exponential cutoff. The retweet graph is small-world and scale-free, like the social graph, but is less disassortative and has much stronger clustering. These differences are consistent with it better capturing the real-world social relationships of and trust between users. Beyond just understanding and modeling human communication patterns and social networks, applications for alternative, decentralized microblogging systems-both predicting real-word performance and detecting spam-are d...

Bild, David R; Dick, Robert P; Mao, Z Morley; Wallach, Dan S

2014-01-01

164

Formal Model for Data Dependency Analysis between Controls and Actions of a Graphical User Interface  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available End-user development is an emerging computer science discipline that provides programming paradigms, techniques, and tools suitable for users not trained in software engineering. One of the techniques that allow ordinary computer users to develop their own applications without the need to learn a classic programming language is a GUI-level programming based on programming-by-demonstration. To build wizard-based tools that assist users in application development and to verify the correctness of user programs, a computer-supported method for GUI-level data dependency analysis is necessary. Therefore, formal model for GUI representation is needed. In this paper, we present a finite state machine for modeling the data dependencies between GUI controls and GUI actions. Furthermore, we present an algorithm for automatic construction of finite state machine for arbitrary GUI application. We show that proposed state aggregation scheme successfully manages state explosion in state machine construction algorithm, which makes the model applicable for applications with complex GUIs.

SKVORC, D.

2012-02-01

165

Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries  

Science.gov (United States)

Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a reorganization of practices, service rationing due to lack of reimbursement, and some overcharging or shifting of resources. Conclusions This transversal analysis confirms the need to assign a great deal of importance to the implementation of user fees exemption policies once these decisions have been taken. It also highlights some practices that suggest avenues of future research.

2012-01-01

166

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ? ?????????? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  The article is devoted to the study of the implementation of the VAT in various countries around the world. The author analyses the peculiarities of VAT in different taxation models, studies the modern trends in the application of VAT. Based on the carried out analysis the recommendations on the possible improvement of the VAT application in Ukraine are given. ?????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????? ????. ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????? ???????????????, ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????, ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????????? ??? ???????????????? ? ???????. ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ? ?????? ??????? ?????. ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????????, ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ????? ???????????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????, ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???? ?????????????? ? ???????.

?.?. ??????

2011-06-01

167

Comparative analysis of the spatial analysis methods for hotspot identification.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spatial analysis technique has been introduced as an innovative approach for hazardous road segments identification (HRSI). In this study, the performance of two spatial analysis methods and four conventional methods for HRSI was compared against three quantitative evaluation criteria. The spatial analysis methods considered in this study include the local spatial autocorrelation method and the kernel density estimation (KDE) method. It was found that the empirical Bayesian (EB) method and the KDE method outperformed other HRSI approaches. By transferring the kernel density function into a form that was analogous to the form of the EB function, we further proved that the KDE method can eventually be considered a simplified version of the EB method in which crashes reported at neighboring spatial units are used as the reference population for estimating the EB-adjusted crashes. Theoretically, the KDE method may outperform the EB method in HRSI when the neighboring spatial units provide more useful information on the expected crash frequency than a safety performance function does. PMID:24530515

Yu, Hao; Liu, Pan; Chen, Jun; Wang, Hao

2014-05-01

168

A Novel Biometric Identification Based on a User’s Input Pattern Analysis for Intelligent Mobile Devices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As intelligent mobile devices become more popular, security threats targeting them are increasing. The resource constraints of mobile devices, such as battery life and computing power, however, make it harder to handle such threats effectively. The existing physical and behavioural biometric identification methods ? looked upon as good alternatives ? are unsuitable for the current mobile environment. This paper proposes a specially designed biometric identification method for intelligent mobile devices by analysing the user’s input patterns, such as a finger’s touch duration, pressure level and the touching width of the finger on the touch screen. We collected the input pattern data of individuals to empirically test our method. Our testing results show that this method effectively identifies users with near a 100% rate of accuracy.

Hojin Seo

2012-07-01

169

Industrialization Lessons from BRICS: A Comparative Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To date there has been few systematic and comparative empirical analyses of the nature of economic development in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). We contribute to addressing this gap by exploring the patterns of structural change between 1980 and 2010, focusing on the manufacturing sector. We show that three of the BRICS are experiencing de-industrialization (Brazil, Russia and South Africa). China is the only country where an expanding manufacturing sector accounts for...

Naude?, Wim A.; Szirmai, Adam; Lavopa, Alejandro

2013-01-01

170

Optimised access to user analysis data using the gLite DPM  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ScotGrid distributed Tier-2 now provides more that 4MSI2K and 500TB for LHC computing, which is spread across three sites at Durham, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Tier-2 sites have a dual role to play in the computing models of the LHC VOs. Firstly, their CPU resources are used for the generation of Monte Carlo event data. Secondly, the end user analysis data is distributed across the grid to the site's storage system and held on disk ready for processing by physicists' analysis jobs. In this paper we show how we have designed the ScotGrid storage and data management resources in order to optimise access by physicists to LHC data. Within ScotGrid, all sites use the gLite DPM storage manager middleware. Using the EGEE grid to submit real ATLAS analysis code to process VO data stored on the ScotGrid sites, we present an analysis of the performance of the architecture at one site, and procedures that may be undertaken to improve such. The results will be presented from the point of view of the end user (in terms of number of events processed/second) and from the point of view of the site, which wishes to minimise load and the impact that analysis activity has on other users of the system.

2010-04-01

171

Comparative analysis of plant oil based fuels  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the evaluation results from the analysis of different blends of fuels using the 13-mode standard SAE testing method. Six high oleic safflower oil blends, six ester blends, six high oleic sunflower oil blends, and six sunflower oil blends were used in this portion of the investigation. Additionally, the results from the repeated 13-mode tests for all the 25/75% mixtures with a complete diesel fuel test before and after each alternative fuel are presented.

Ziejewski, M.; Goettler, H.J.; Haines, H.; Huong, C.

1995-12-31

172

A cluster-randomised controlled trial to compare the effectiveness of different knowledge-transfer interventions for rural working equid users in Ethiopia.  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been few studies evaluating the efficacy of knowledge-transfer methods for livestock owners in developing countries, and to the authors' knowledge no published work is available that evaluates the effect of knowledge-transfer interventions on the education of working equid users. A cluster-randomised controlled trial (c-RCT) was used to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of three knowledge-transfer interventions on knowledge-change about equid health amongst rural Ethiopian working equid users. Groups were exposed to either; an audio programme, a village meeting or a diagrammatic handout, all of which addressed identical learning objectives, and were compared to a control group which received no intervention. Thirty-two villages were randomly selected and interventions randomly assigned. All participants in a village received the same intervention. Knowledge levels were assessed by questionnaire administration. Data analysis included comparison of baseline data between intervention groups followed by multilevel linear regression models (allowing for clustering of individuals within village) to evaluate the change in knowledge between the different knowledge-transfer interventions. A total of 516 randomly selected participants completed the pre-intervention questionnaire, 504 of whom undertook the post-dissemination questionnaire, a follow up response rate of 98%. All interventions significantly improved the overall 'change in knowledge' score on the questionnaire compared to the control, with the diagrammatic handout (coefficient (coef) 9.5, S.E.=0.6) and the village meeting (coef 9.7, S.E.=0.6) having a significantly greater impact than the audio programme (coef 4.8, S.E.=0.6). Covariates that were different at baseline, and which were also significant in the final model, were age and pre-intervention score. Although they had a minimal effect on the intervention coefficients there was a significant interaction between age and intervention. This study should aid the design of education materials for adult learning for working equid users and other groups in developing countries. PMID:21420748

Stringer, A P; Bell, C E; Christley, R M; Gebreab, F; Tefera, G; Reed, K; Trawford, A; Pinchbeck, G L

2011-06-15

173

CORCON-MOD3: An integrated computer model for analysis of molten core-concrete interactions. User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The CORCON-Mod3 computer code was developed to mechanistically model the important core-concrete interaction phenomena, including those phenomena relevant to the assessment of containment failure and radionuclide release. The code can be applied to a wide range of severe accident scenarios and reactor plants. The code represents the current state of the art for simulating core debris interactions with concrete. This document comprises the user`s manual and gives a brief description of the models and the assumptions and limitations in the code. Also discussed are the input parameters and the code output. Two sample problems are also given.

Bradley, D.R.; Gardner, D.R.; Brockmann, J.E.; Griffith, R.O. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01

174

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) Version 2. 0 user's guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Also provided in the system is an integrated full-screen editor for use when interfacing with remote mainframe computer systems. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 2.0 and is the subject of this user's guide. Version 2.0 of IRRAS provides all of the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance. 9 refs., 292 figs., 4 tabs.

Russell, K.D.; Sattison, M.B. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA)); Rasmuson, D.M. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Systems Research)

1990-06-01

175

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) Version 2.0 user's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Also provided in the system is an integrated full-screen editor for use when interfacing with remote mainframe computer systems. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 2.0 and is the subject of this user's guide. Version 2.0 of IRRAS provides all of the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance. 9 refs., 292 figs., 4 tabs

1990-01-01

176

Nigerian Criminal Networks; A comparative analysis.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Why is an African federation the home to one of the more dominating criminal networks operating globally? Nigeria is not well known for its high level of Internet-infrastructure. Still, it is in a class of its own when it comes to e-fraud or 419 spam mails. It is also prominent within the drug trade and the African-European trafficking network. By comparatively analysing other forms of Organized Crime against the Nigerian Brand, the thesis has tried to find the particulars of Nigerian Crimina...

Alkholt, Aimar

2010-01-01

177

Radionuclides in sediments - a comparative analysis, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On behalf of the BMI (Federal German Ministry of the Interior), the BfG in 1981 again started an interlaboratory comparison (among 42 measuring points) on the topic of radionuclides in sediments. The study was intended to test the reliability of G?, G?/R? measurements in sedimentary samples under practical conditions. The comparative analyses again revealed a number of error sources, and errors could be corrected. This was achieved not least by a good cooperation among the participating laboratories who contributed a.o. very useful information and ideas. (orig./HP)

178

Audience participation in online news websites : a comparative analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In a moment of transformation of media as a result of ongoing processes of digitalization and convergence, television broadcasters are increasingly betting on tools that allow the public to assume a more active role in the production of contents. Emergent phenomena such as participatory journalism, user-generated content or the integration of social networking websites are becoming more and more relevant in the online public sphere. This paper compares the models for online news websites part...

Franquet I Calvet, Rosa

2011-01-01

179

Nonlinear analysis of RED - a comparative study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Random Early Detection (RED) is an active queue management (AQM) mechanism for routers on the Internet. In this paper, performance of RED and Adaptive RED are compared from the viewpoint of nonlinear dynamics. In particular, we reveal the relationship between the performance of the network and its nonlinear dynamical behavior. We measure the maximal Lyapunov exponent and Hurst parameter of the average queue length of RED and Adaptive RED, as well as the throughput and packet loss rate of the aggregate traffic on the bottleneck link. Our simulation scenarios include FTP flows and Web flows, one-way and two-way traffic. In most situations, Adaptive RED has smaller maximal Lyapunov exponents, lower Hurst parameters, higher throughput and lower packet loss rate than that of RED. This confirms that Adaptive RED has better performance than RED.

Jiang Kai; Wang Xiaofan E-mail: xfwang@sjtu.edu.cn; Xi Yugeng

2004-09-01

180

Nonlinear analysis of RED - a comparative study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Random Early Detection (RED) is an active queue management (AQM) mechanism for routers on the Internet. In this paper, performance of RED and Adaptive RED are compared from the viewpoint of nonlinear dynamics. In particular, we reveal the relationship between the performance of the network and its nonlinear dynamical behavior. We measure the maximal Lyapunov exponent and Hurst parameter of the average queue length of RED and Adaptive RED, as well as the throughput and packet loss rate of the aggregate traffic on the bottleneck link. Our simulation scenarios include FTP flows and Web flows, one-way and two-way traffic. In most situations, Adaptive RED has smaller maximal Lyapunov exponents, lower Hurst parameters, higher throughput and lower packet loss rate than that of RED. This confirms that Adaptive RED has better performance than RED

2004-09-01

 
 
 
 
181

Resilience and electricity systems: A comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Electricity systems have generally evolved based on the natural resources available locally. Few metrics exist to compare the security of electricity supply of different countries despite the increasing likelihood of potential shocks to the power system like energy price increases and carbon price regulation. This paper seeks to calculate a robust measure of national power system resilience by analysing each step in the process of transformation from raw energy to consumed electricity. Countries with sizeable deposits of mineral resources are used for comparison because of the need for electricity-intensive metals processing. We find that shifts in electricity-intensive industry can be predicted based on countries' power system resilience. - Highlights: ? We establish a resilience index measure for major electricity systems. ? We examine a range of OECD and developing nations electricity systems and their ability to cope with shocks. ? Robustness measures are established to show resilience of electricity systems.

2012-08-01

182

A Comparative Analysis of Selection Scheme  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Selection scheme is an important part of geneticalgorithms, which chooses a chromosome from the currentgeneration’s population for inclusion in the next generation’spopulation, is the main subject of this paper. A selection operatorselects the best chromosome using fitness function. Selectionscheme is used to improve chances of the survivals of the fittestindividuals. This paper recommends a number of selection(reproduction methods most commonly used in geneticalgorithms and analyzes them. These methods are: roulettewheel, rank selection, Boltzmann selection, tournamentselection, steady state selection and elitism are compared on thebasis of performance and takeover time computations .theanalysis provides approximate or exact solutions. The paperrecommends practical application and analyses a number ofways for more detailed analytical investigation of selectionschemes.

Sonali Gandhi

2012-09-01

183

User's manual of VARS: a computer code system for uncertainty analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the user's manual of the computer code system VARS for the uncertainty analysis. The VARS code system calculates uncertainties in output data of a computer code caused by propagation of uncertainties in input data using a response surface method. The VARS code system consists of a group of computer codes which have the following function: determination of cases of computer run based on an orthogonal factorial design, analysis of variance, regression analysis, and Monte Carlo calculation based on the regression equation. The uncertainties in output data are obtained in terms of a probability density function and a cumulative function. (author)

1988-01-01

184

Evaluating a Web-Based Health Risk Assessment With Tailored Feedback: What Does an Expert Focus Group Yield Compared to a Web-Based End-User Survey?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Increasingly, Web-based health applications are developed for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. However, their reach and utilization is often disappointing. Qualitative evaluations post-implementation can be used to inform the optimization process and ultimately enhance their adoption. In current practice, such evaluations are mainly performed with end-user surveys. However, a review approach by experts in a focus group may be easier to administer and might provide similar results. Objective The aim of this study was to assess whether industrial design engineers in a focus group would address the same issues as end users in a Web-based survey when evaluating a commercial Web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback. Methods Seven Dutch companies used the HRA as part of their corporate health management strategy. Employees using the HRA (N=2289) and 10 independent industrial designers were invited to participate in the study. The HRA consisted of four components: (1) an electronic health questionnaire, (2) biometric measurements, (3) laboratory evaluation, and (4) individually tailored feedback generated by decision support software. After participating in the HRA as end users, both end users and designers evaluated the program. End users completed an evaluation questionnaire that included a free-text field. Designers participated in a focus group discussion. Constructs from user satisfaction and technology acceptance theories were used to categorize and compare the remarks from both evaluations. Results We assessed and qualitatively analyzed 294 remarks of 189 end users and 337 remarks of 6 industrial designers, pertaining to 295 issues in total. Of those, 137 issues were addressed in the end-user survey and 148 issues in the designer focus group. Only 7.3% (10/137) of the issues addressed in the survey were also addressed in the focus group. End users made more remarks about the usefulness of the HRA and prior expectations that were not met. Designers made more remarks about how the information was presented to end users, quality of the feedback provided by the HRA, recommendations on the marketing and on how to create more unity in the design of the HRA, and on how to improve the HRA based on these issues. Conclusions End-user surveys should not be substituted for expert focus groups. Issues identified by end users in the survey and designers in the focus group differed considerably, and the focus group produced a lot of new issues. The issues addressed in the focus group often focused on different aspects of user satisfaction and technology acceptance than those addressed by the survey participants; when they did focus on the same aspects, then the nature of issues differed considerably in content.

Vosbergen, Sandra; Mahieu, Guy R; Laan, Eva K; Kraaijenhagen, Roderik A; Jaspers, Monique WM

2014-01-01

185

A comparative analysis of trypanosomatid SNARE proteins.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kinetoplastida are flagellated protozoa evolutionary distant and divergent from yeast and humans. Kinetoplastida include trypanosomatids, and a number of important pathogens. Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania spp. inflict significant morbidity and mortality on humans and livestock as the etiological agents of human African trypanosomiasis, Chagas' disease and leishmaniasis respectively. For all of these organisms, intracellular trafficking is vital for maintenance of the host-pathogen interface, modulation/evasion of host immune system responses and nutrient uptake. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) are critical components of the intracellular trafficking machinery in eukaryotes, mediating membrane fusion and contributing to organelle specificity. We asked how the SNARE complement evolved across the trypanosomatids. An in silico search of the predicted proteomes of T. b. brucei and T. cruzi was used to identify candidate SNARE sequences. Phylogenetic analysis, including comparisons with yeast and human SNAREs, allowed assignment of trypanosomatid SNAREs to the Q or R subclass, as well as identification of several SNAREs orthologous with those of opisthokonts. Only limited variation in number and identity of SNAREs was found, with Leishmania major having 27 and T. brucei 26, suggesting a stable SNARE complement post-speciation. Expression analysis of T. brucei SNAREs revealed significant differential expression between mammalian and insect infective forms, especially within R and Qb-SNARE subclasses, suggesting possible roles in adaptation to different environments. For trypanosome SNAREs with clear orthologs in opisthokonts, the subcellular localization of TbVAMP7C is endosomal while both TbSyn5 and TbSyn16B are at the Golgi complex, which suggests conservation of localization and possibly also function. Despite highly distinct life styles, the complement of trypanosomatid SNAREs is quite stable between the three pathogenic lineages, suggesting establishment in the last common ancestor of trypanosomes and Leishmania. Developmental changes to SNARE mRNA levels between blood steam and procyclic life stages suggest that trypanosomes modulate SNARE functions via expression. Finally, the locations of some conserved SNAREs have been retained across the eukaryotic lineage. PMID:24269876

Murungi, Edwin; Barlow, Lael D; Venkatesh, Divya; Adung'a, Vincent O; Dacks, Joel B; Field, Mark C; Christoffels, Alan

2014-04-01

186

An Analysis and Knowledge Representation System to attain the genuine web user usage behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the explosive growth of WWW, the web mining techniques are densely concentrated to discover the relevant behaviors of the web user from the web log data. In fact the pattern discovery techniques generate many hundreds, often thousands, of patterns, that are unwanted, unexpected, disputable and unbelievable in nature. The success of representing the real knowledge out of such patterns is highly reliant on the pattern analysis stage in investigating the web user usage behavior. To retain most genuine and interesting patterns it is necessary to filter out unqualified patterns and use moresophisticated visualization techniques to present the knowledge of web user usage effectively. The authors in the present paper propose an Analysis and Knowledge Representation System (AKRS that equally concentrates on both knowledge identification and representation. The key measures are combinedly used for the knowledge identification as a three phase filtering system, to determine the interestingness of patterns in the proposed AKRS. Initially, the objective measures applied on the patterns discovered by pattern discovery techniques to filter out the patterns that do not meet statistical strengths with the frame work of interest factor. Later, subjective measures are applied to identify the patterns that are of most genuine interestingness based on web knowledge. Finally, the heuristic measures evaluate the semantics of patterns based on both user specific objectives and utility of mined patterns. The measures of AKRS efficiently determine the correlation among the most interesting patterns. In addition, to meet the challenges in knowledge representation, like identifying relevant information, finding the depth of information and achieving the visualization competency, the proposed AKRS also designates the recent knowledge visualization techniques like multidimensional and specialized hierarchical. The AKRS amplifies the truthfulness and rate of success in representing final knowledge of web user behavior.

V.V.R. Maheswara Rao

2013-05-01

187

Comparative Analysis of Various Scheduling Algorithms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scheduling is the technique used for controlling the order of the job which is to be performed by a CPU of a computer. The motive of scheduling is to engage the CPU at its maximum capacity and no process shall wait for longer time and to finish the entire task in minimum possible time. In this paper, we discuss various types of Scheduling algorithms and Compare their performance on terms of throughput and waiting time. First of them is First Come First Served (FCFS which is a non-preemptive and the simplest scheduling. FCFS is good for long job. Second is Shortest Job First (SJF scheduling which selects that job first which has least processing time i.e. the processing demanding the less CPU time is executed first. Next is Round Robin (RR scheduling, it removes the drawbacks of FCFS by preempting running jobs periodically. But if the length of time quantum is too short then more time will waste in context switching. Last one is Priority Based scheduling where each process is assigned a priority (preference to create the order of execution.

Lalit Kishor, Dinesh Goyal

2013-04-01

188

GEDI: a user-friendly toolbox for analysis of large-scale gene expression data  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Several mathematical and statistical methods have been proposed in the last few years to analyze microarray data. Most of those methods involve complicated formulas, and software implementations that require advanced computer programming skills. Researchers from other areas may experience difficulties when they attempting to use those methods in their research. Here we present an user-friendly toolbox which allows large-scale gene expression analysis to be...

2007-01-01

189

DisQo : A user needs analysis method for smart home  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

How can people identify the services that they might expect from their smart home when they have little to no knowledge about novel technologies? This paper reports on a user needs analysis method designed to answer this question: DisQo. We have recruited 17 families and used a combination of interviews and playful cultural probes. Results show that families are willing to couple smart objects to improve their lives.

Coutaz, Joe?lle; Fontaine, Emeric; Mandran, Nadine; Demeure, Alexandre

2010-01-01

190

An Irish Cross-Institutional User Needs Analysis of Undergraduate Programming  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research literature and practical experience of subject experts indicate that teaching programming to novices has proven challenging for both learner and lecturer. A number of difficulties arise when teaching novices to program. These ranges from the inadequacy of the undergraduate students’ problem-solving skills, problems with understanding programming constructs, to the complexity of the environments in which the students develop their solutions. This paper outlines a project which aims to address some of the challenges faced by novice programmers by providing them with an innovative learning tool, incorporating a set of Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs, based on sound pedagogical principles and encapsulated in a Constructivist Learning Environment (CLE. The Learning Objects will focus on the common areas of weaknesses that are determined by an Irish cross-institutional User Needs Analysis. The initial research activity was to conduct a User Needs Analysis, which was carried out in the three third level academic partner institutions and which will inform and direct the remainder of the research project. The User Needs Analysis confirmed that first year undergraduate students find programming the most challenging module they study. Programming constructs such as Arrays, Looping and Selection were shown to be the most problematic in semester one, and Methods and Polymorphism posing difficulties in semester two. Interestingly the students’ actual and perceived difficulties with the concepts were not in-line, with the students perceiving their difficulties to be less than they actually were. The students acknowledge that problem-solving abilities impacted on their performance but only 20% of students in one college admitted to thinking about their approach in designing programming solutions. The results of the User Needs Analysis directs the design and development of the RLOs and the learning tool.

Eileen Mary Costelloe

2006-07-01

191

Symbolic Data Analysis for the Assessment of User Satisfaction: An Application to Reading Rooms Services.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper re-examines and deepens the study of a portion of the data collected within the context of a wider 2007 research project conducted in the Autonomous Region of Azores. The 2007 study aimed to understand users’ habits, attitudes and cultural practices, concerning reading and utilization of different library services, archives and museums. Based upon knowledge that only data analysis of a representative sample can supply, the study aimed to identify the aspects that should be priori...

Sousa, A?urea; Toma?s, Lici?nio Manuel Vicente; Silva, Osvaldo; Bacelar-nicolau, Helena

2013-01-01

192

WT-ERA user's manual. Program for Wind Turbine. Extreme Response Analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since the IEC61400-1 (2005) edition 3 standard has been issued the statistical extrapolation of responses for the ultimate strength analysis is part of the design of wind turbines. At ECN a software tool WT-ERA is developed to facilitate statistical extrapolation for the wind turbine industry. This report is a user's manual for the WT-ERA software.

Peeringa, J.M. [ECN Wind Energy, Petten (Netherlands)

2010-06-15

193

The users' perception in relation to health practices: a literary analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

The health care practices have become object of study when it comes to knowing profoundly the patients’ perception about daily health care services. The objective of this study is to discuss the results of researches based on health practices and the perception the users have of the Public Health Services of primary and psychosocial care. The results of a dissertation and a thesis have been compared in order to identify and analyze their convergences and singularities. Three subjects have been identified: care completeness; health problem solution in the attendance and; the participation of users in organized movements. Despite the changes in the health care system politics proposed by Health Unique System, it is evident that completeness aspects happen in a diversified and unsatisfactory way. Also, the presented solution is partial and; the participation of users is limited in psychosocial care, not to mention it is incipient in the primary care. The responsibility of interacting with the users in order to build a health care process whose objective is the suitable completeness of the service, lays on a multi-professional team and managers.

Gicelle Galvan Machineski

2009-08-01

194

GEDI: a user-friendly toolbox for analysis of large-scale gene expression data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Several mathematical and statistical methods have been proposed in the last few years to analyze microarray data. Most of those methods involve complicated formulas, and software implementations that require advanced computer programming skills. Researchers from other areas may experience difficulties when they attempting to use those methods in their research. Here we present an user-friendly toolbox which allows large-scale gene expression analysis to be carried out by biomedical researchers with limited programming skills. Results Here, we introduce an user-friendly toolbox called GEDI (Gene Expression Data Interpreter, an extensible, open-source, and freely-available tool that we believe will be useful to a wide range of laboratories, and to researchers with no background in Mathematics and Computer Science, allowing them to analyze their own data by applying both classical and advanced approaches developed and recently published by Fujita et al. Conclusion GEDI is an integrated user-friendly viewer that combines the state of the art SVR, DVAR and SVAR algorithms, previously developed by us. It facilitates the application of SVR, DVAR and SVAR, further than the mathematical formulas present in the corresponding publications, and allows one to better understand the results by means of available visualizations. Both running the statistical methods and visualizing the results are carried out within the graphical user interface, rendering these algorithms accessible to the broad community of researchers in Molecular Biology.

Ferreira Carlos E

2007-11-01

195

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 Users’ Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users’ manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2010-10-01

196

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 Users’ Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users’ manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2009-03-01

197

User`s manual for the data analysis system for monitoring the fuel oil spill at the Sandia National Laboratories installation in Livermore, California  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the use of the data analysis software developed by Argonne National laboratory (ANL) and installed at the fuel oil spill site at Sandia National Laboratories. This software provides various programs for anlayzing the data from physical and chemical sensors. This manual provides basic information on the design and use of these user interfaces. Analysts use these interfaces to evaluate the site data. Four software programs included in the data analysis software suite provide the following capabilities; physical data analysis, chemical data entry, chemical data analysis, and data management.

Widing, M.A.; Leser, C.C.

1995-04-01

198

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (WebTRAGIS) User's Manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the early 1980s, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed two transportation routing models: HIGHWAY, which predicts truck transportation routes, and INTERLINE, which predicts rail transportation routes. Both of these models have been used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) community for a variety of routing needs over the years. One of the primary uses of the models has been to determine population-density information, which is used as input for risk assessment with the RADTRAN model, which is available on the TRANSNET computer system. During the recent years, advances in the development of geographic information systems (GISs) have resulted in increased demands from the user community for a GIS version of the ORNL routing models. In April 1994, the DOE Transportation Management Division (EM-261) held a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session with transportation routing experts and users of the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models. As a result of the session, the development of a new GIS routing model, Transportation Routing Analysis GIS (TRAGIS), was initiated. TRAGIS is a user-friendly, GIS-based transportation and analysis computer model. The older HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models are useful to calculate routes, but they cannot display a graphic of the calculated route. Consequently, many users have experienced difficulty determining the proper node for facilities and have been confused by or have misinterpreted the text-based listing from the older routing models. Some of the primary reasons for the development of TRAGIS are (a) to improve the ease of selecting locations for routing, (b) to graphically display the calculated route, and (c) to provide for additional geographic analysis of the route

2000-01-01

199

PuppetDroid: A User-Centric UI Exerciser for Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Similar Android Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Popularity and complexity of malicious mobile applications are rising, making their analysis difficult and labor intensive. Mobile application analysis is indeed inherently different from desktop application analysis: In the latter, the interaction of the user (i.e., victim) is crucial for the malware to correctly expose all its malicious behaviors. We propose a novel approach to analyze (malicious) mobile applications. The goal is to exercise the user interface (UI) of an...

Gianazza, Andrea; Maggi, Federico; Fattori, Aristide; Cavallaro, Lorenzo; Zanero, Stefano

2014-01-01

200

An Exploratory Analysis of the Impact of Named Ranges on the Debugging Performance of Novice Users  

CERN Multimedia

This paper describes an exploratory empirical study of the effect of named ranges on spreadsheet debugging performance. Named ranges are advocated in both academia and industry, yet no experimental evidence has been cited to back up these recommendations. This paper describes an exploratory experiment involving 21 participants that assesses the performance of novices debugging a spreadsheet containing named ranges. The results are compared with the performance of a different set of novices debugging the same spreadsheet without named ranges. The findings suggest that novice users debug on average significantly fewer errors if the spreadsheet contains named ranges. The purpose of the investigative study is to derive a detailed and coherent set of research questions regarding the impact of range names on the debugging performance and behaviour of spreadsheet users. These will be answered through future controlled experiments.

McKeever, Ruth; Bishop, Brian

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

PuffinPlot: A versatile, user-friendly program for paleomagnetic analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

PuffinPlot is a user-friendly desktop application for analysis of paleomagnetic data, offering a unique combination of features. It runs on several operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux; supports both discrete and long core data; and facilitates analysis of very weakly magnetic samples. As well as interactive graphical operation, PuffinPlot offers batch analysis for large volumes of data, and a Python scripting interface for programmatic control of its features. Available data displays include demagnetization/intensity, Zijderveld, equal-area (for sample, site, and suite level demagnetization data, and for magnetic susceptibility anisotropy data), a demagnetization data table, and a natural remanent magnetization intensity histogram. Analysis types include principal component analysis, Fisherian statistics, and great-circle path intersections. The results of calculations can be exported as CSV (comma-separated value) files; graphs can be printed, and can also be saved as publication-quality vector files in SVG or PDF format. PuffinPlot is free, and the program, user manual, and fully documented source code may be downloaded from http://code.google.com/p/puffinplot/.

Lurcock, P. C.; Wilson, G. S.

2012-06-01

202

Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a reorganization of practices, service rationing due to lack of reimbursement, and some overcharging or shifting of resources. Conclusions This transversal analysis confirms the need to assign a great deal of importance to the implementation of user fees exemption policies once these decisions have been taken. It also highlights some practices that suggest avenues of future research.

Ridde Valéry

2012-11-01

203

GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data (http://code.google.com/p/guardd/http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ?2-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community.

2012-01-01

204

GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data ( http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ? (2)-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community. PMID:22160811

Kleckner, Ian R; Foster, Mark P

2012-01-01

205

Alkahest NuclearBLAST : a user-friendly BLAST management and analysis system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background - Sequencing of EST and BAC end datasets is no longer limited to large research groups. Drops in per-base pricing have made high throughput sequencing accessible to individual investigators. However, there are few options available which provide a free and user-friendly solution to the BLAST result storage and data mining needs of biologists. Results - Here we describe NuclearBLAST, a batch BLAST analysis, storage and management system designed for the biologist. It is a wrapper for NCBI BLAST which provides a user-friendly web interface which includes a request wizard and the ability to view and mine the results. All BLAST results are stored in a MySQL database which allows for more advanced data-mining through supplied command-line utilities or direct database access. NuclearBLAST can be installed on a single machine or clustered amongst a number of machines to improve analysis throughput. NuclearBLAST provides a platform which eases data-mining of multiple BLAST results. With the supplied scripts, the program can export data into a spreadsheet-friendly format, automatically assign Gene Ontology terms to sequences and provide bi-directional best hits between two datasets. Users with SQL experience can use the database to ask even more complex questions and extract any subset of data they require. Conclusion - This tool provides a user-friendly interface for requesting, viewing and mining of BLAST results which makes the management and data-mining of large sets of BLAST analyses tractable to biologists.

Burke Mark

2005-06-01

206

Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Software Package (1997 Version) User Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This manual provides instructions for using the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) risk analysis and decision making software (1997 version) developed at BDM Petroleum Technologies by BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. for DOE, under contract No. DE-AC22-94PC91OO8. This software provides petroleum producers with a simple, handy tool for exploration and production risk analysis and decision-making. It collects useful risk analysis tools in one package so that users do not have to use several programs separately. The software is simple to use, but still provides many functions. The 1997 version of the software package includes the following tools: (1) Investment risk (Gambler's ruin) analysis; (2) Monte Carlo simulation; (3) Best fit for distribution functions; (4) Sample and rank correlation; (5) Enhanced oil recovery method screening; and (6) artificial neural network. This software package is subject to change. Suggestions and comments from users are welcome and will be considered for future modifications and enhancements of the software. Please check the opening screen of the software for the current contact information. In the future, more tools will be added to this software package. This manual includes instructions on how to use the software but does not attempt to fully explain the theory and algorithms used to create it.

Chung, F.T.H.

1999-02-11

207

Inter-Session Network Coding with Strategic Users: A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Network Coding  

CERN Multimedia

A common assumption in the existing network coding literature is that the users are cooperative and non-selfish. However, this assumption can be violated in practice. In this paper, we analyze inter-session network coding in a wired network using game theory. We assume selfish users acting strategically to maximize their own utility, leading to a resource allocation game among users. In particular, we study the well-known butterfly network topology where a bottleneck link is shared by several network coding and routing flows. We prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium for a wide range of utility functions. We show that the number of Nash equilibria can be large (even infinite) for certain choices of system parameters. This is in sharp contrast to a similar game setting with traditional packet forwarding where the Nash equilibrium is always unique. We then characterize the worst-case efficiency bounds, i.e., the Price-of-Anarchy (PoA), compared to an optimal and cooperative network design. We show that by us...

Mohsenian-Rad, Amir-Hamed; Wong, Vincent W S; Jaggi, Sidharth; Schober, Robert

2009-01-01

208

User's manual of a support system for human reliability analysis. JASPAHR Version 1.5  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many kind of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, analysts are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer based support system JASPAHR for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system supports HRAs with two different types of method, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability data were collected and a database of them is provided to link with the support system. JASPAHR was improved such as the introduction of the INTENT method for misdiagnosis evaluation and the improvement of user interface. The report is a user's manual for modified JASPAHR (Ver. 1.5). (author)

2000-01-01

209

arrayCGHbase: an analysis platform for comparative genomic hybridization microarrays  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The availability of the human genome sequence as well as the large number of physically accessible oligonucleotides, cDNA, and BAC clones across the entire genome has triggered and accelerated the use of several platforms for analysis of DNA copy number changes, amongst others microarray comparative genomic hybridization (arrayCGH. One of the challenges inherent to this new technology is the management and analysis of large numbers of data points generated in each individual experiment. Results We have developed arrayCGHbase, a comprehensive analysis platform for arrayCGH experiments consisting of a MIAME (Minimal Information About a Microarray Experiment supportive database using MySQL underlying a data mining web tool, to store, analyze, interpret, compare, and visualize arrayCGH results in a uniform and user-friendly format. Following its flexible design, arrayCGHbase is compatible with all existing and forthcoming arrayCGH platforms. Data can be exported in a multitude of formats, including BED files to map copy number information on the genome using the Ensembl or UCSC genome browser. Conclusion ArrayCGHbase is a web based and platform independent arrayCGH data analysis tool, that allows users to access the analysis suite through the internet or a local intranet after installation on a private server. ArrayCGHbase is available at http://medgen.ugent.be/arrayCGHbase/.

Moreau Yves

2005-05-01

210

Atherosclerotic plaque burden in cocaine users with acute chest pain: analysis by coronary computed tomography angiography.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chest pain associated with cocaine use represents an increasing problem in the emergency department (ED). Cocaine use has been linked to the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We used coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to evaluate the prevalence, severity and composition of atherosclerotic lesions in cocaine users. We studied 78 patients with non-occasional cocaine use (52 men, 44 ± 7 years, 23 under the acute influence) and acute chest pain but without ACS, who had undergone cCTA in the ED. Patients were matched one-to-one by gender, race, symptoms, and risk-factors with a control cohort (n = 78; 52 men, 45 ± 6 years) not using cocaine. Each coronary segment was evaluated for the presence and composition (calcified, non-calcified, partially calcified) of atherosclerotic plaque and for stenosis. The prevalence of coronary stenosis was not significantly different between patients with and without cocaine use (13% versus 5%, P > 0.05). However, cocaine users on average had significantly more atherosclerotic plaques (0.44 ± 0.88 versus 0.29 ± 0.83, P 0.05) and non-calcified plaques (0.26 ± 0.63 versus 0.17 ± 0.57, P > 0.05), yet not reaching statistical significance. Furthermore, cocaine users had significantly more partially calcified plaques (0.41 ± 0.61 versus 0.17 ± 0.41, P < 0.05) and higher partially calcified plaque volume (59.7 ± 33.3 mm(3) versus 25.6 ± 12.6 mm(3), P < 0.05). Thus, cocaine users tend to have more pronounced coronary atherosclerosis compared to patients without cocaine use at the time of presentation with acute chest pain. PMID:23880201

Ebersberger, Ullrich; Sudarski, Sonja; Schoepf, U Joseph; Bamberg, Fabian; Tricarico, Francesco; Apfaltrer, Paul; Blanke, Philipp; Schindler, Andreas; Makowski, Marcus R; Headden, Gary F; Leber, Alexander W; Hoffmann, Ellen; Vliegenthart, Rozemarijn

2013-08-01

211

Thermal APU/hydraulics analysis program. User's guide and programmer's manual  

Science.gov (United States)

The User's Guide information plus program description necessary to run and have a general understanding of the Thermal APU/Hydraulics Analysis Program (TAHAP) is described. This information consists of general descriptions of the APU/hydraulic system and the TAHAP model, input and output data descriptions, and specific subroutine requirements. Deck setups and input data formats are included and other necessary and/or helpful information for using TAHAP is given. The math model descriptions for the driver program and each of its supporting subroutines are outlined.

Deluna, T. A.

1976-01-01

212

User's guide for the PWR LOCA analysis capability of the WRAP-EM system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Water Reactor Analysis Package (WRAP) has been expanded to provide the capability to analyze loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) in both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) by using evaluation models (EMs). The input specifications for modules in the WRAP-EM system are presented in this document along with the JOSHUA input templates. This document, along with the WRAP user's guide, provides a step-by-step procedure for setting up a PWR data base for the WRAP-EM system. 12 refs.

Beranek, F; Gregory, M V

1980-02-01

213

User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL Ver.2 for reactor pressure vessel (Contract research)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of the aging structural integrity research for LWR components, the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed in JAEA. This code evaluates the conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) under transient conditions such as pressurized thermal shock (PTS). The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the recent development in the fracture mechanics and computer performance. PASCAL Ver.1 has functions of optimized sampling in the stratified Monte Carlo simulation, elastic-plastic fracture criterion of the R6 method, crack growth analysis models for a semi-elliptical crack, recovery of fracture toughness due to thermal annealing and so on. Since then, under the contract between the Ministry of Economy, Trading and Industry of Japan and JAEA, we have continued to develop and introduce new functions into PASCAL Ver.2 such as the evaluation method for an embedded crack, KI database for a semi-elliptical crack considering stress discontinuity at the base/cladding interface, PTS transient database, and others. A generalized analysis method is proposed on the basis of the development of PASCAL Ver.2 and results of sensitivity analyses. Graphical user interface (GUI) including a generalized method as default values has been also developed for PASCAL Ver.2. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.2. (author)

2006-01-01

214

LISA package user guide. Part III: SPOP (Statistical POst Processor). Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis for model output. Program description and user guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This manual is subdivided into three parts. In the third part, the SPOP (Statistical POst Processor) code is described as a tool to perform Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses on the output of a User implemented model. It has been developed at the joint Research Centre of Ispra as part of the LISA package. SPOP performs Sensitivity Analysis (SA) and Uncertainty Analysis (UA) on a sample output from a Monte Carlo simulation. The sample is generated by the User and contains values of the output variable (in the form of a time series) and values of the input variables for a set of different simulations (runs), which are realised by varying the model input parameters. The User may generate the Monte Carlo sample with the PREP pre-processor, another module of the LISA package. The SPOP code is completely written in FORTRAN 77 using structured programming. Among the tasks performed by the code are the computation of Tchebycheff and Kolmogorov confidence bounds on the output variable (UA), and the use of effective non-parametric statistics to rank the influence of model input parameters (SA). The statistics employed are described in the present manual. 19 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs. Note: This PART III is a revised version of the previous EUR report N.12700EN (1990)

1992-01-01

215

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

216

E-learning interventions are comparable to user's manual in a randomized trial of training strategies for the AGREE II  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Practice guidelines (PGs) are systematically developed statements intended to assist in patient and practitioner decisions. The AGREE II is the revised tool for PG development, reporting, and evaluation, comprised of 23 items, two global rating scores, and a new User's Manual. In this study, we sought to develop, execute, and evaluate the impact of two internet interventions designed to accelerate the capacity of stakeholders to use the AGREE II. Me...

Brouwers Melissa C; Makarski Julie; Durocher Lisa D; Levinson Anthony J

2011-01-01

217

Randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing compared with drug information and advice for early intervention among young cannabis users  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aim To test the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in comparison with drug information and advice in opportunistically securing reductions in drug-related risk among young cannabis users not seeking help. Design Randomized controlled trial Setting Eleven London Further Education colleges. Participants A total of 326 students aged 16-19 years who smoked cannabis weekly or more frequently. Interventions Participants were randomized to a single-session intervention of MI or drug inf...

Mccambridge, Jim; Slym, Renee L.; Strang, John

2008-01-01

218

ClimatePipes: User-Friendly Data Access, Manipulation, Analysis & Visualization of Community Climate Models  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of climate change will resonate through a broad range of fields including public health, infrastructure, water resources, and many others. Long-term coordinated planning, funding, and action are required for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Unfortunately, widespread use of climate data (simulated and observed) in non-climate science communities is impeded by factors such as large data size, lack of adequate metadata, poor documentation, and lack of sufficient computational and visualization resources. We present ClimatePipes to address many of these challenges by creating an open source platform that provides state-of-the-art, user-friendly data access, analysis, and visualization for climate and other relevant geospatial datasets, making the climate data available to non-researchers, decision-makers, and other stakeholders. The overarching goals of ClimatePipes are: - Enable users to explore real-world questions related to climate change. - Provide tools for data access, analysis, and visualization. - Facilitate collaboration by enabling users to share datasets, workflows, and visualization. ClimatePipes uses a web-based application platform for its widespread support on mainstream operating systems, ease-of-use, and inherent collaboration support. The front-end of ClimatePipes uses HTML5 (WebGL, Canvas2D, CSS3) to deliver state-of-the-art visualization and to provide a best-in-class user experience. The back-end of the ClimatePipes is built around Python using the Visualization Toolkit (VTK, http://vtk.org), Climate Data Analysis Tools (CDAT, http://uv-cdat.llnl.gov), and other climate and geospatial data processing tools such as GDAL and PROJ4. ClimatePipes web-interface to query and access data from remote sources (such as ESGF). Shown in the figure is climate data layer from ESGF on top of map data layer from OpenStreetMap. The ClimatePipes workflow editor provides flexibility and fine grained control, and uses the VisTrails (http://www.vistrails.org) workflow engine in the backend.

Chaudhary, A.; DeMarle, D.; Burnett, B.; Harris, C.; Silva, W.; Osmari, D.; Geveci, B.; Silva, C.; Doutriaux, C.; Williams, D. N.

2013-12-01

219

Analysis and Management of Heterogeneous User Mobility in Large-scale Downlink Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Modern cellular networks need to serve user terminals with large disparities in mobility, which incurs different accuracy of the channel state information for each user. The impact of such heterogeneous mobility on the multi-cell downlink is analyzed in this paper. The base stations serve a multitude of users by coordinated beamforming. We derive deterministic equivalents for the user performance in a large scale system where the number of transmit antennas and user terminals grow large at a ...

Mu?ller, Axel; Bjo?rnson, Emil; Couillet, Romain; Debbah, Me?rouane

2013-01-01

220

Sentiment Analysis of User Comments for One-Class Collaborative Filtering over TED Talks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

User-generated texts such as reviews, comments or discussions are valuable indicators of users’ preferences. Unlike previous works which focus on labeled data from user-contributed reviews, we focus here on user comments which are not accompanied by pre-defined rating labels. We investigate their role in a one-class collaborative filtering task such as bookmarking, where only the user action is given as ground-truth. We propose a sentiment-aware nearest neighbor model (SANN) for multimedia ...

Pappas, Nikolaos; Popescu-belis, Andrei

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Online Social Networks That Connect Users to Physical Activity Partners: A Review and Descriptive Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have identified a lack of encouragement, support, or companionship from family and friends as a major barrier to physical activity. To overcome this barrier, online social networks are now actively leveraging principles of companion social support in novel ways. Objective The aim was to evaluate the functionality, features, and usability of existing online social networks which seek to increase physical activity and fitness among users by connecting them to physical activity partners, not just online, but also face-to-face. Methods In September 2012, we used 3 major databases to identify the website addresses for relevant online social networks. We conducted a Google search using 8 unique keyword combinations: the common keyword “find” coupled with 1 of 4 prefix terms “health,” “fitness,” “workout,” or “physical” coupled with 1 of 2 stem terms “activity partners” or “activity buddies.” We also searched 2 prominent technology start-up news sites, TechCrunch and Y Combinator, using 2 unique keyword combinations: the common keyword “find” coupled with 1 of 2 stem terms “activity partners” and “activity buddies.” Sites were defined as online social health activity networks if they had the ability to (1) actively find physical activity partners or activities for the user, (2) offer dynamic, real-time tracking or sharing of social activities, and (3) provide virtual profiles to users. We excluded from our analysis sites that were not Web-based, publicly available, in English, or free. Results Of the 360 initial search results, we identified 13 websites that met our complete criteria of an online social health activity network. Features such as physical activity creation (13/13, 100%) and private messaging (12/13, 92%) appeared almost universally among these websites. However, integration with Web 2.0 technologies such as Facebook and Twitter (9/13, 69%) and the option of direct event joining (8/13, 62%) were not as universally present. Largely absent were more sophisticated features that would enable greater usability, such as interactive engagement prompts (3/13, 23%) and system-created best fit activities (3/13, 23%). Conclusions Several major online social networks that connect users to physical activity partners currently exist and use standardized features to achieve their goals. Future research is needed to better understand how users utilize these features and how helpful they truly are.

Passarella, Ralph Joseph; Appel, Lawrence J

2014-01-01

222

Security analysis and enhancements of an effective biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, many biometrics-based user authentication schemes using smart cards have been proposed to improve the security weaknesses in user authentication system. In 2011, Das proposed an efficient biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards that can provide strong authentication and mutual authentication. In this paper, we analyze the security of Das's authentication scheme, and we have shown that Das's authentication scheme is still insecure against the various attacks. Also, we proposed the enhanced scheme to remove these security problems of Das's authentication scheme, even if the secret information stored in the smart card is revealed to an attacker. As a result of security analysis, we can see that the enhanced scheme is secure against the user impersonation attack, the server masquerading attack, the password guessing attack, and the insider attack and provides mutual authentication between the user and the server. PMID:22899887

An, Younghwa

2012-01-01

223

INSTITUTIONS AND VALUES OF ROMANIANS – COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HISTORICAL REGIONS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Starting from the results of a national survey, a questionnaire on the values of Romanians was applied in April 2008 which was used for a comparative analysis of historical regions of Romania: Moldova, Bucharest, Dobrogea, Transilvania and Muntenia. Ou

Baciu Livia; Asandului Laura; Iacobuta Andreea-Oana

2009-01-01

224

??????: DNA sequence and comparative analysis of chimpanzee chromosome 22.  

Full Text Available DNA sequence and comparative analysis of chimpanzee chromosome 22. Watanabe H et.al Nature. 2004 nd ciona http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/web _resource_portal/LATEST/workflow_images/15164055.jp

225

Methods to recruit hard-to-reach groups: comparing two chain referral sampling methods of recruiting injecting drug users across nine studies in Russia and Estonia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence suggests rapid diffusion of injecting drug use and associated outbreaks of HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the Russian Federation and Eastern Europe. There remains a need for research among non-treatment and community-recruited samples of IDUs to better estimate the dynamics of HIV transmission and to improve treatment and health services access. We compare two sampling methodologies "respondent-driven sampling" (RDS) and chain referral sampling using "indigenous field workers" (IFS) to investigate the relative effectiveness of RDS to reach more marginal and hard-to-reach groups and perhaps to include those with the riskiest behaviour around HIV transmission. We evaluate the relative efficiency of RDS to recruit a lower cost sample in comparison to IFS. We also provide a theoretical comparison of the two approaches. We draw upon nine community-recruited surveys of IDUs undertaken in the Russian Federation and Estonia between 2001 and 2005 that used either IFS or RDS. Sampling effects on the demographic composition and injecting risk behaviours of the samples generated are compared using multivariate analysis. Our findings suggest that RDS does not appear to recruit more marginalised sections of the IDU community nor those engaging in riskier injecting behaviours in comparison with IFS. RDS appears to have practical advantages over IFS in the implementation of fieldwork in terms of greater recruitment efficiency and safety of field workers, but at a greater cost. Further research is needed to assess how the practicalities of implementing RDS in the field compromises the requirements mandated by the theoretical guidelines of RDS for adjusting the sample estimates to obtain estimates of the wider IDU population. PMID:17096189

Platt, Lucy; Wall, Martin; Rhodes, Tim; Judd, Ali; Hickman, Matthew; Johnston, Lisa G; Renton, Adrian; Bobrova, Natalia; Sarang, Anya

2006-11-01

226

Peer-Education Intervention to Reduce Injection Risk Behaviors Benefits High-Risk Young Injection Drug Users: A Latent Transition Analysis of the CIDUS 3/DUIT Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We analyzed data from a large randomized HIV/HCV prevention intervention trial with young injection drug users (IDUs) conducted in five U.S. cities. The trial compared a peer education intervention (PEI) with a time-matched, attention control group. Applying categorical latent variable analysis (mixture modeling) to baseline injection risk behavior data, we identified four distinct classes of injection-related HIV/HCV risk: low risk, non-syringe equipment-sharing, moderate-risk syringe-sharin...

Mackesy-amiti, Mary E.; Finnegan, Lorna; Ouellet, Lawrence J.; Golub, Elizabeth T.; Hagan, Holly; Hudson, Sharon M.; Latka, Mary H.; Garfein, Richard S.

2013-01-01

227

A comparative analysis of the statistical properties of large mobile phone calling networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mobile phone calling is one of the most widely used communication methods in modern society. The records of calls among mobile phone users provide us a valuable proxy for the understanding of human communication patterns embedded in social networks. Mobile phone users call each other forming a directed calling network. If only reciprocal calls are considered, we obtain an undirected mutual calling network. The preferential communication behavior between two connected users can be statistically tested and it results in two Bonferroni networks with statistically validated edges. We perform a comparative analysis of the statistical properties of these four networks, which are constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that these networks share many common structural properties and also exhibit idiosyncratic features when compared with previously studied large mobile calling networks. The empirical findings provide us an intriguing picture of a representative large social network that might shed new lights on the modelling of large social networks. PMID:24875444

Li, Ming-Xia; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Xie, Wen-Jie; Miccichè, Salvatore; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N

2014-01-01

228

Commenting on health: a framing analysis of user comments in response to health articles online.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health officials have continually urged journalists and other members of the news media to ease off health frames that focus on individuals and to instead promote broader societal frames. Although some scholarly research has reinforced these pleas, none has examined the interplay between frames of health news coverage and resulting public comments. The current online environment invites such an analysis, allowing news organizations to post articles online and the public to comment on those articles. Using a content analysis, this study reveals thematic frames in online health stories may drive down gain-oriented responses, while episodic frames may prompt the public to share more personal comments. Furthermore, the findings examine other textual factors-gain and loss frames and mobilizing information-that may be driving the volume and frames of user comments to health stories online. PMID:24446785

Holton, Avery; Lee, Nayeon; Coleman, Renita

2014-07-01

229

MultiMetEval: comparative and multi-objective analysis of genome-scale metabolic models.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparative metabolic modelling is emerging as a novel field, supported by the development of reliable and standardized approaches for constructing genome-scale metabolic models in high throughput. New software solutions are needed to allow efficient comparative analysis of multiple models in the context of multiple cellular objectives. Here, we present the user-friendly software framework Multi-Metabolic Evaluator (MultiMetEval), built upon SurreyFBA, which allows the user to compose collections of metabolic models that together can be subjected to flux balance analysis. Additionally, MultiMetEval implements functionalities for multi-objective analysis by calculating the Pareto front between two cellular objectives. Using a previously generated dataset of 38 actinobacterial genome-scale metabolic models, we show how these approaches can lead to exciting novel insights. Firstly, after incorporating several pathways for the biosynthesis of natural products into each of these models, comparative flux balance analysis predicted that species like Streptomyces that harbour the highest diversity of secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters in their genomes do not necessarily have the metabolic network topology most suitable for compound overproduction. Secondly, multi-objective analysis of biomass production and natural product biosynthesis in these actinobacteria shows that the well-studied occurrence of discrete metabolic switches during the change of cellular objectives is inherent to their metabolic network architecture. Comparative and multi-objective modelling can lead to insights that could not be obtained by normal flux balance analyses. MultiMetEval provides a powerful platform that makes these analyses straightforward for biologists. Sources and binaries of MultiMetEval are freely available from https://github.com/PiotrZakrzewski/MetEval/downloads. PMID:23272111

Zakrzewski, Piotr; Medema, Marnix H; Gevorgyan, Albert; Kierzek, Andrzej M; Breitling, Rainer; Takano, Eriko

2012-01-01

230

MultiMetEval: Comparative and Multi-Objective Analysis of Genome-Scale Metabolic Models  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparative metabolic modelling is emerging as a novel field, supported by the development of reliable and standardized approaches for constructing genome-scale metabolic models in high throughput. New software solutions are needed to allow efficient comparative analysis of multiple models in the context of multiple cellular objectives. Here, we present the user-friendly software framework Multi-Metabolic Evaluator (MultiMetEval), built upon SurreyFBA, which allows the user to compose collections of metabolic models that together can be subjected to flux balance analysis. Additionally, MultiMetEval implements functionalities for multi-objective analysis by calculating the Pareto front between two cellular objectives. Using a previously generated dataset of 38 actinobacterial genome-scale metabolic models, we show how these approaches can lead to exciting novel insights. Firstly, after incorporating several pathways for the biosynthesis of natural products into each of these models, comparative flux balance analysis predicted that species like Streptomyces that harbour the highest diversity of secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters in their genomes do not necessarily have the metabolic network topology most suitable for compound overproduction. Secondly, multi-objective analysis of biomass production and natural product biosynthesis in these actinobacteria shows that the well-studied occurrence of discrete metabolic switches during the change of cellular objectives is inherent to their metabolic network architecture. Comparative and multi-objective modelling can lead to insights that could not be obtained by normal flux balance analyses. MultiMetEval provides a powerful platform that makes these analyses straightforward for biologists. Sources and binaries of MultiMetEval are freely available from https://github.com/PiotrZakrzewski/MetEval/downloads.

Gevorgyan, Albert; Kierzek, Andrzej M.; Breitling, Rainer; Takano, Eriko

2012-01-01

231

Flavor stability analysis of supernova neutrino fluxes compared with simulations  

CERN Multimedia

We apply a linearized stability analysis to simplified models of accretion-phase neutrino fluxes streaming from a supernova. We compare the results with recent numerical studies and find excellent agreement. This provides confidence that a linearized stability analysis can be further applied to more realistic models.

Sarikas, Srdjan

2011-01-01

232

Comparative Analysis of the Main Business Intelligence Solutions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays, Business Intelligence solutions are the main tools for analyzing and monitoring the company’s performance at any organizational level. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the most powerful Business Intelligence solutions using a set of technical features such as infrastructure of the platform, development facilities, complex analysis tools, interactive dashboards and scorecards, mobile integration and complex implementation of performance management methodologies.

Rusaneanu, Alexandra

2013-01-01

233

A cluster-randomised controlled trial to compare the effectiveness of different knowledge-transfer interventions for rural working equid users in Ethiopia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There have been few studies evaluating the efficacy of knowledge-transfer methods for livestock owners in developing countries, and to the authors’ knowledge no published work is available that evaluates the effect of knowledge-transfer interventions on the education of working equid users. A cluster-randomised controlled trial (c-RCT) was used to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of three knowledge-transfer interventions on knowledge-change about equid health amongst rural Ethiopian w...

2011-01-01

234

Methods to Recruit Hard-to-Reach Groups: Comparing Two Chain Referral Sampling Methods of Recruiting Injecting Drug Users Across Nine Studies in Russia and Estonia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Evidence suggests rapid diffusion of injecting drug use and associated outbreaks of HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the Russian Federation and Eastern Europe. There remains a need for research among non-treatment and community-recruited samples of IDUs to better estimate the dynamics of HIV transmission and to improve treatment and health services access. We compare two sampling methodologies “respondent-driven sampling” (RDS) and chain referral sampling using “indigenous field...

2006-01-01

235

Community Service and User Support for the Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) Data Assimilation and Analysis System  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) system is a unified variational data assimilation and analysis system for both global and regional applications. It is currently used as a data assimilation system by various operational centers, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (e.g., Global Forecasting System (GFS), North American Mesoscale (NAM) system, the Hurricane WRF (HWRF), and the RAPid Refresh (RAP) system), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Model), and the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). This analysis system is also used to generate certain analysis products, such as output from NOAA's GFS reanalysis and the Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA) (e.g., 2m temperature, 10m winds gust, surface pressure and surface visibility). GSI can also be used to generate analyses for climate studies (e.g., ozone and sea surface temperature (SST) analyses) or assimilate non-'traditional' fields (e.g., aerosol data assimilation) for air quality studies (e.g., dust storms). Lately, an effort was initiated to use GSI for data assimilation throughout the entire atmosphere. One example of such an effort is the development of a data assimilation system for the Whole Atmosphere Model (WAM) at NCEP. Over the past few years, GSI has been transitioned to a community resource through a joint effort led by the Developmental Testbed Center (DTC), in collaboration with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Environmental Modeling Center (EMC) and other GSI partners. The DTC is a distributed facility with a goal of serving as a bridge between the research and operational communities by transitioning the operational capability to a community resource and committing the contributions from the research community to the operational repository. The DTC has hosted four Community GSI tutorials and released five versions of the community GSI system with a corresponding User's Guide. The DTC has built and continues to maintain a community GSI User's Page to provide GSI code, documentation, and on-line tutorials for the research community. The DTC staff has been providing support to GSI users through the GSI help desk since the release of version 1 of the community code in 2009. This paper will briefly describe the GSI system and emphasize the GSI community services and support available from the DTC and other developers.

Shao, H.; Hu, M.; Stark, D.; Newman, K.; Zhou, C.; Derber, J.; Lueken, M.

2013-12-01

236

User Centered Design as a Framework for Applying Conversation Analysis in Hearing Aid Consultations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Recurrent issues in applying CA results to change in institutional practices concern the degree to which the CA researcher is involved and what aspects of the change process CA researchers is involved in. This paper presents a methodology from innovation studies called User Centered Design (Buur and Bagger, 1999) and, more recently, Participatory Innovation (Buur and Matthews, 2008) which is uniquely compatible with conversation analysis. Designers following this approach study how a â??userâ?? of goods or services interacts with products and other interaction partners in order to derive ideas for innovation. Although this methodological convergence of disciplines is rooted in different traditions, it augurs well for successful cooperation. This paper reports on such a collaboration carried out within a federally funded research center for innovation. We present principles of the interdisciplinary collaboration, as well as successes and pitfalls. In particular we focus on the role of conversation analysistsboth from the perspective of the designers and the conversation analysts. To illustrate this, we have selected a project on hearing aid fitting. To understand the perspective of the users (the person with hearing loss and the hearing aid fitter is imperative because the compliance rate for hearing aid use is staggeringly low. One of the barriers of hearing aid use lies in problematic encounters between the person with hearing loss and audiologists. Buur, J and Matthews, B. (2008) â??Participatory Innovationâ?? International Journal of Innovation Management. vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 255-273. Buur, J. and Bagger, K. (1999). â??Replacing usability testing with user dialogueâ?? Communications of the ACM 42(5), pp. 63-66.

Egbert, Maria; Matthews, Ben

2011-01-01

237

The influence of user behaviour on energy use in old dwellings: case-study analysis of a social housing neighbourhood  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Taking user behaviour into account to predict the real energy use and possible savings in houses, remains a challenge of huge importance for the Belgian social housing sector, which owns large buildings stocks in urgent need of refurbishment. Within this context, a case-study analysis was carried out on 36 (nearly) identical social houses from a single neighbourhood, dating from the sixties. Information on user behaviour, indoor air quality and thermal comfort was gathered both through in-sit...

Delghust, Marc; Laverge, Jelle; Janssens, Arnold; Erck, Charline; Taelman, Charlotte

2012-01-01

238

TRACE Project. Deliverable 1.2. Road users and accident causation. Part 2: In-depth accident causation analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report aims to present the final results of the descriptive statistical, in-depth and risk analysis performed within the first TRACE Work Package, 'WP1-Road Users', in order to identify the main problems and the magnitude of these problems related to accident causation and risk factors for the following five different road user groups: passenger car drivers; powered two wheelers riders; van, bus and truck drivers; pedestrian and cyclists and, finally, elderly people and gender classifica...

Molinero, A.; Perandones, J. M.; Hermitte, T.; Grimaldi, A.; Gwehengerber, J.; Daschner, D.; Barrios, J. M.; Aparicio, A.; Schick, S.; Elslande, P.; Fouquet, K.

2008-01-01

239

BPO crude oil analysis data base user`s guide: Methods, publications, computer access correlations, uses, availability  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has one of the largest and most complete collections of information on crude oil composition that is available to the public. The computer program that manages this database of crude oil analyses has recently been rewritten to allow easier access to this information. This report describes how the new system can be accessed and how the information contained in the Crude Oil Analysis Data Bank can be obtained.

Sellers, C.; Fox, B.; Paulz, J.

1996-03-01

240

RKWard: A Comprehensive Graphical User Interface and Integrated Development Environment for Statistical Analysis with R  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available R is a free open-source implementation of the S statistical computing language and programming environment. The current status of R is a command line driven interface with no advanced cross-platform graphical user interface (GUI, but it includes tools for building such. Over the past years, proprietary and non-proprietary GUI solutions have emerged, based on internal or external tool kits, with different scopes and technological concepts. For example, Rgui.exe and Rgui.app have become the de facto GUI on the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X platforms, respectively, for most users. In this paper we discuss RKWard which aims to be both a comprehensive GUI and an integrated development environment for R. RKWard is based on the KDE software libraries. Statistical procedures and plots are implemented using an extendable plugin architecture based on ECMAScript (JavaScript, R, and XML. RKWard provides an excellent tool to manage different types of data objects; even allowing for seamless editing of certain types. The objective of RKWard is to provide a portable and extensible R interface for both basic and advanced statistical and graphical analysis, while not compromising on flexibility and modularity of the R programming environment itself.

Stephan Rödiger

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
241

A graphical user interface for real-time analysis of XPCS using HPC  

Science.gov (United States)

With the development of third generation synchrotron radiation sources, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for characterizing equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics in complex materials at nanometer length scales over a wide range of time-scales (0.001-1000 s). Moreover, the development of powerful new direct detection CCD cameras has allowed investigation of faster dynamical processes. A consequence of these technical improvements is the need to reduce a very large amount of area detector data within a short time. This problem can be solved by utilizing a large number of processors (32-64) in the cluster architecture to improve the efficiency of the calculations by 1-2 orders of magnitude [1] (Tieman et al., this issue). However, to make such a data analysis system operational, powerful and user-friendly control software needs to be developed. As a part of the effort to maintain a high data acquisition and reduction rate, we have developed a Matlab-based software that acts as an interface between the user and the high performance computing (HPC) cluster.

Sikorski, M.; Jiang, Z.; Sprung, M.; Narayanan, S.; Sandy, A. R.; Tieman, B.

2011-09-01

242

A graphical user interface for real-time analysis of XPCS using HPC  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the development of third generation synchrotron radiation sources, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for characterizing equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics in complex materials at nanometer length scales over a wide range of time-scales (0.001-1000 s). Moreover, the development of powerful new direct detection CCD cameras has allowed investigation of faster dynamical processes. A consequence of these technical improvements is the need to reduce a very large amount of area detector data within a short time. This problem can be solved by utilizing a large number of processors (32-64) in the cluster architecture to improve the efficiency of the calculations by 1-2 orders of magnitude (Tieman et al., this issue). However, to make such a data analysis system operational, powerful and user-friendly control software needs to be developed. As a part of the effort to maintain a high data acquisition and reduction rate, we have developed a Matlab-based software that acts as an interface between the user and the high performance computing (HPC) cluster.

Sikorski, M., E-mail: sikorski@aps.anl.gov [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Jiang, Z. [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Sprung, M. [HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestr. 85, D 22-607 Hamburg (Germany); Narayanan, S.; Sandy, A.R.; Tieman, B. [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2011-09-01

243

Formal Model for Data Dependency Analysis between Controls and Actions of a Graphical User Interface  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

End-user development is an emerging computer science discipline that provides programming paradigms, techniques, and tools suitable for users not trained in software engineering. One of the techniques that allow ordinary computer users to develop their own applications without the need to learn a classic programming language is a GUI-level programming based on programming-by-demonstration. To build wizard-based tools that assist users in application development and to verify the correctne...

Skvorc, D.; Zuzak, I.; Srbljic, S.

2012-01-01

244

Satistical Graphical User Interface Plug-In for Survival Analysis in R Statistical and Graphics Language and Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: R is a statistical and graphics language and environment. Although it is extensively used in command line, graphical user interfaces exist to ease the accommodation with it for new users. Rcmdr is an R package providing a basic-statistics graphical user interface to R. Survival analysis interface is not provided by Rcmdr. The AIM of this paper was to create a plug-in for Rcmdr to provide survival analysis user interface for some basic R survival analysis functions.Materials and Methods: The Rcmdr plug-in code was written in Tinn-R. The plug-in package was tested and built with Rtools. The plug-in was installed and tested in R with Rcmdr package on a Windows XP workstation with the "aml" and "kidney" data sets from survival R package.Results: The Rcmdr survival analysis plug-in was successfully built and it provides the functionality it was designed to offer: interface for Kaplan Meier and log log survival graph, interface for the log-rank test, interface to create a Cox proportional hazard regression model, interface commands to test and assess graphically the proportional hazard assumption, and influence observations. Conclusion: Rcmdr and R though their flexible and well planed structure, offer an easy way to expand their functionality that was used here to make the statistical environment more user friendly in respect with survival analysis.

Daniel C. LEUCU?A

2008-12-01

245

GRPAUT: a program for Pu isotopic analysis (a user's guide). ISPO task A.76  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GRPAUT is a modular program for performing automated Pu isotopic analysis supplied to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) per ISPO Task A.76. Section I of this user's guide for GRPAUT presents an overview of the various programs and disk files that are used in performing a Pu isotopic analysis. Section II describes the program GRFEDT which is used in creating and editing the analysis parameter file that contains all the spectroscopic information needed at runtime by GRPAUT. An example of the dialog and output of GRFEDT is shown in Appendix B. Section III describes the operation of the various GRPAUT modules: GRPNL2, the peak stripping module; EFFCH2, the efficiency calculation module; and ISOAUT, the isotopic calculation module. (A description of the peak fitting methodology employed by GRPNL2 is presented in Appendix A.) Finally, Section IV outlines the procedure for determining the peak shape constants for a detector system and describes the operation of the program used to create and edit the peak shape parameter files. An output of GRPAUT, showing an example of a complete isotopic analysis, is presented in Appendix C. Source listings of all the Fortran programs supplied to the Agency under ISPO Task A.76 are contained in Appendix E

1981-01-01

246

User's manuals of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for aged piping, PASCAL-SP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of research on the material degradation and structural integrity assessment for aged LWR components, a PFM (Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics) analysis code PASCAL-SP (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Stress Corrosion Cracking at Welded Joints of Piping) has been developed. This code evaluates the failure probabilities at welded joints of aged piping by a Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-SP treats stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and fatigue crack growth in piping, according to the approaches of NISA and JSME FFS Code. The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the latest knowledge in the SCC assessment and fracture criteria of piping. In addition, the accuracy of flaw detection and sizing at in-service inspection and residual stress distribution were modeled based on experimental data and introduced into PASCAL-SP. This code has been developed for a cross-check use by the regulatory body in Japan. In addition to this, this code can also be used for a research purpose by researchers in academia and industries. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of the code. (author)

2010-01-01

247

Bitmap Indices for Fast End-User Physics Analysis in ROOT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Most physics analysis jobs involve multiple selection steps on the input data. These selection steps are called ''cuts'' or ''queries''. A common strategy to implement these queries is to read all input data from files and then process the queries in memory. In many applications the number of variables used to define these queries is a relative small portion of the overall data set therefore reading all variables into memory takes unnecessarily long time. In this paper we describe an integration effort that can significantly reduce this unnecessary reading by using an efficient compressed bitmap index technology. The primary advantage of this index is that it can process arbitrary combinations of queries very efficiently, while most other indexing technologies suffer from the ''curse of dimensionality'' as the number of queries increases. By integrating this index technology with the ROOT analysis framework, the end-users can benefit from the added efficiency without having to modify their analysis programs. Our performance results show that for multi-dimensional queries, bitmap indices outperform the traditional analysis method up to a factor of 10.

Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng; Brun, Rene; Canal, Philippe

2005-07-26

248

Comparative analysis of traditional and alternative energy sources  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The presented thesis with designation of Comparing analysis of traditional and alternative energy resources includes, on basisof theoretical information source, research in firm, internal data, trends in company development and market, descriptionof the problem and its application. Theoretical information source is dedicated to the traditional and alternative energy resources,reserves of it, trends in using and development, the balance of it in the world, EU and in Slovakia as well. Analysis of the thesisis reflecting profile of the company and the thermal pump market evaluation using General Electric method. While the companyis implementing, except other products, the thermal pumps on geothermal energy base and surround energy base (air, the missionof the comparing analysis is to compare traditional energy resources with thermal pump from the ecological, utility and economic sideof it. The results of the comparing analysis are resumed in to the SWOT analysis. The part of the thesis includes he questionnaire offerfor effectiveness improvement and customer satisfaction analysis, and expected possibilities of alternative energy resources assistance(benefits from the government and EU funds.

Adriana Csikósová

2008-11-01

249

User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant

2001-01-01

250

User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant.

Kim, Jung Soo; Hwang, In Koo; Song, Sun Ja; Kim, Tae Hwane

2001-02-01

251

The Quantitative Analysis of User Behavior Online - Data, Models and Algorithms  

Science.gov (United States)

By blending principles from mechanism design, algorithms, machine learning and massive distributed computing, the search industry has become good at optimizing monetization on sound scientific principles. This represents a successful and growing partnership between computer science and microeconomics. When it comes to understanding how online users respond to the content and experiences presented to them, we have more of a lacuna in the collaboration between computer science and certain social sciences. We will use a concrete technical example from image search results presentation, developing in the process some algorithmic and machine learning problems of interest in their own right. We then use this example to motivate the kinds of studies that need to grow between computer science and the social sciences; a critical element of this is the need to blend large-scale data analysis with smaller-scale eye-tracking and "individualized" lab studies.

Raghavan, Prabhakar

252

Exploiting all phone media? A multidimensional network analysis of phone users' sociality  

CERN Multimedia

The growing awareness that human communications and social interactions are assuming a stratified structure, due to the availability of multiple techno-communication channels, including online social networks, mobile phone calls, short messages (SMS) and e-mails, has recently led to the study of multidimensional networks, as a step further the classical Social Network Analysis. A few papers have been dedicated to develop the theoretical framework to deal with such multiplex networks and to analyze some example of multidimensional social networks. In this context we perform the first study of the multiplex mobile social network, gathered from the records of both call and text message activities of millions of users of a large mobile phone operator over a period of 12 weeks. While social networks constructed from mobile phone datasets have drawn great attention in recent years, so far studies have dealt with text message and call data, separately, providing a very partial view of people sociality expressed on p...

Zignani, Matteo; Gaitto, Sabrina; Rossi, Gian Paolo

2014-01-01

253

Light water reactor fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2). Detailed structure and user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A light water reactor fuel behavior analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2) was developed as an improved version of FEMAXI-IV. Development of FEMAXI-IV has been already finished in 1992, though a detailed structure and input manual of the code have not been open to users yet. Here, the basic theories and structure, the models and numerical solutions applied to FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), and the material properties adopted in the code are described in detail. In FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), programming bugs in previous FEMAXI-IV were eliminated, renewal of the pellet thermal conductivity was performed, and a model of thermal-stress restraint on FP gas release was incorporated. For facilitation of effective and wide-ranging application of the code, methods of input/output of the code are also described in detail, and sample output is included. (author)

1997-01-01

254

Thermal Insulation System Analysis Tool (TISTool) User's Manual. Version 1.0.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The Thermal Insulation System Analysis Tool (TISTool) was developed starting in 2004 by Jonathan Demko and James Fesmire. The first edition was written in Excel and Visual BasIc as macros. It included the basic shapes such as a flat plate, cylinder, dished head, and sphere. The data was from several KSC tests that were already in the public literature realm as well as data from NIST and other highly respectable sources. More recently, the tool has been updated with more test data from the Cryogenics Test Laboratory and the tank shape was added. Additionally, the tool was converted to FORTRAN 95 to allow for easier distribution of the material and tool. This document reviews the user instructions for the operation of this system.

Johnson, Wesley; Fesmire, James; Leucht, Kurt; Demko, Jonathan

2010-01-01

255

Performance Analysis of Multi-user Multi Input Multi Output- Interleave-Division Multiple-Access System Employing Turbo Coding with Multi-User Detection over Frequency-Selective Wireless Communication Channel  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: This study presents the performance analysis of multi-user Multi Input Multi Output (MIMO) assisted interleave based multiple-access system. In IDMA, different interleavers are used to distinguish users as against different signature sequence in a conventional code-Division Multiple-Access (CDMA) scheme. Approach: The basic principle of IDMA is that the interleaver is unique for the users. Results: In this study, we consider that Int...

Vishvaksenan, Kuttathatti S.; Seshasayanan, R.; Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy

2011-01-01

256

Micromechanics Analysis Code With Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC): User Guide. Version 3  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code, MAC, who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells, GMC, micromechanics model is described. MAC/ GMC is a versatile form of research software that "drives" the double or triply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC/GMC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein 1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control) and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed, 2) different integration algorithms may be selected, 3) a variety of material constitutive models (both deformation and life) may be utilized and/or implemented, and 4) a variety of fiber architectures (both unidirectional, laminate and woven) may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements contained within the supplied library of RVEs or input directly by the user, and 5) graphical post processing of the macro and/or micro field quantities is made available.

Arnold, S. M.; Bednarcyk, B. A.; Wilt, T. E.; Trowbridge, D.

1999-01-01

257

SHEAT for PC. A computer code for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis for personal computer, user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SHEAT code developed at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis which is one of the tasks needed for seismic Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) of a nuclear power plant. At first, SHEAT was developed as the large sized computer version. In addition, a personal computer version was provided to improve operation efficiency and generality of this code in 2001. It is possible to perform the earthquake hazard analysis, display and the print functions with the Graphical User Interface. With the SHEAT for PC code, seismic hazard which is defined as an annual exceedance frequency of occurrence of earthquake ground motions at various levels of intensity at a given site is calculated by the following two steps as is done with the large sized computer. One is the modeling of earthquake generation around a site. Future earthquake generation (locations, magnitudes and frequencies of postulated earthquake) is modeled based on the historical earthquake records, active fault data and expert judgment. Another is the calculation of probabilistic seismic hazard at the site. An earthquake ground motion is calculated for each postulated earthquake using an attenuation model taking into account its standard deviation. Then the seismic hazard at the site is calculated by summing the frequencies of ground motions by all the earthquakes. This document is the user's manual of the SHEAT for PC code. It includes: (1) Outline of the code, which include overall concept, logical process, code structure, data file used and special characteristics of code, (2) Functions of subprogram and analytical models in them, (3) Guidance of input and output data, (4) Sample run result, and (5) Operational manual. (author)

2002-01-01

258

An Economic Analysis of User-Privacy Options in Ad-Supported Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We analyze the value to e-commerce website operators of offering privacy options to users, e.g., of allowing users to opt out of ad targeting. In particular, we assume that site operators have some control over the cost that a privacy option imposes on users and ask when it is to their advantage to make such costs low. We consider both the case of a single site and the case of multiple sites that compete both for users who value privacy highly and for users who value it less...

Feigenbaum, Joan; Mitzenmacher, Michael; Zervas, Georgios

2012-01-01

259

Recent national trends in Salvia divinorum use and substance-use disorders among recent and former Salvia divinorum users compared with nonusers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Li-Tzy Wu1, George E Woody2, Chongming Yang3, Jih-Heng Li4, Dan G Blazer11Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA; 2Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania and Treatment Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 3Social Science Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; 4College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, TaiwanContext: Media and scientific reports have indicated an increase in recreational use of Salvia divinorum. Epidemiological data are lacking on the trends, prevalence, and correlates of S. divinorum use in large representative samples, as well as the extent of substance use and mental health problems among S. divinorum users.Objective: To examine the national trend in prevalence of S. divinorum use and to identify sociodemographic, behavioral, mental health, and substance-use profiles of recent (past-year and former users of S. divinorum.Design: Analyses of public-use data files from the 2006–2008 United States National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N = 166,453.Setting: Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 12 years or older were interviewed in their places of residence.Main measures: Substance use, S. divinorum, self-reported substance use disorders, criminality, depression, and mental health treatment were assessed by standardized survey questions administered by the audio computer-assisted self-interviewing method.Results: Among survey respondents, lifetime prevalence of S. divinorum use had increased from 0.7% in 2006 to 1.3% in 2008 (an 83% increase. S. divinorum use was associated with ages 18–25 years, male gender, white or multiple race, residence of large metropolitan areas, arrests for criminal activities, and depression. S. divinorum use was particularly common among recent drug users, including users of lysergic acid diethylamide (53.7%, ecstasy (30.1%, heroin (24.2%, phencyclidine (22.4%, and cocaine (17.5%. Adjusted multinomial logistic analyses indicated polydrug use as the strongest determinant for recent and former S. divinorum use. An estimated 43.0% of past-year S. divinorum users and 28.9% of former S. divinorum users had an illicit or nonmedical drug-use disorder compared with 2.5% of nonusers. Adjusted logistic regression analyses showed that recent and former S. divinorum users had greater odds of having past-year depression and a substance-use disorder (alcohol or drugs than past-year alcohol or drug users who did not use S. divinorum.Conclusion: S. divinorum use is prevalent among recent or active drug users who have used other hallucinogens or stimulants. The high prevalence of substance use disorders among recent S. divinorum users emphasizes the need to study health risks of drug interactions.Keywords: alcohol-use disorders, drug-use disorders, ecstasy, lysergic acid diethylamide, major depression, multiple race, nicotine dependence, phencyclidine, prescription drug abuse

Blazer DG

2011-04-01

260

Models for comparative analysis of culture: the case of Poland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the main theoretical frameworks for analysis comparative cultural attitudes. A critical discussion of the work by Kluckhohn Strodtbeck, Hofstede and Trompenaars leads to a new theoretical approach for study the national cultural attitudes and norms of behaviour. A methodology based on research is designed to compare the 'internalized' norms of behaviour with 'perceived' norms. Two different but complementary techniques are applied to a sample of Polish students to inves...

Todeva, E.

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Gap Analysis Comparing LLNL ISMS and ISO 14001  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A gap analysis was conducted comparing the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) with the international standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1. This analysis was accomplished as part of LLNL's assessment of the impacts of adopting DOE Order 450.1 and comprises a portion of its continuous improvement efforts under ISMS.

Doerr, T B

2004-08-09

262

Comparative analysis of traditional and alternative energy sources  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The presented thesis with designation of Comparing analysis of traditional and alternative energy resources includes, on basisof theoretical information source, research in firm, internal data, trends in company development and market, descriptionof the problem and its application. Theoretical information source is dedicated to the traditional and alternative energy resources,reserves of it, trends in using and development, the balance of it in the world, EU and in Slovakia as well. Analysis ...

2008-01-01

263

A new comparative approach to macroeconomic modeling and policy analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, the state of macroeconomicmodeling and the use of macroeconomic models in policy analysis has come under heavy criticism. Macroeconomists in academia and policy institutions have been blamed for relying too much on a particular class of macroeconomic models. This paper proposes a comparative approach to macroeconomic policy analysis that is open to competing modeling paradigms. Macroeconomic model comparison projects have helped ...

Wieland, Volker; Cwik, Tobias; Mu?ller, Gernot J.; Schmidt, Sebastian; Wolters, Maik Hendrik

2012-01-01

264

A new comparative approach to macroeconomic modeling and policy analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, the state of macroeconomic modeling and the use of macroeconomic models in policy analysis has come under heavy criticism. Macroeconomists in academia and policy institutions have been blamed for relying too much on a particular class of macroeconomic models. This paper proposes a comparative approach to macroeconomic policy analysis that is open to competing modeling paradigms. Macroeconomic model comparison projects have helped produce some v...

Wieland, Volker; Cwik, Tobias J.; Mu?ller, Gernot J.; Schmidt, Sebastian; Wolters, Maik H.

2012-01-01

265

Privacy - an Issue for eLearning? A Trend Analysis Reflecting the Attitude of European eLearning Users  

CERN Document Server

Availing services provided via the Internet became a widely accepted means in organising one's life. Beside others, eLearning goes with this trend as well. But, while employing Internet service makes life more convenient, at the same time, it raises risks with respect to the protection of the users' privacy. This paper analyses the attitudes of eLearning users towards their privacy by, initially, pointing out terminology and legal issues connected with privacy. Further, the concept and implementation as well as a result analysis of a conducted study is presented, which explores the problem area from different perspectives. The paper will show that eLearning users indeed care for the protection of their personal information when using eLearning services. However, their attitudes and behaviour slightly differ. In conclusion, we provide first approaches of assisting possibilities for users how to resolve the difference of requirements and their actual activities with respect to privacy protection.

Borcea-Pfitzmann, Katrin

2007-01-01

266

Does Offline Political Segregation Affect the Filter Bubble? An Empirical Analysis of Information Diversity for Dutch and Turkish Twitter Users  

CERN Document Server

From a liberal perspective, pluralism and viewpoint diversity are seen as a necessary condition for a well-functioning democracy. Recently, there have been claims that viewpoint diversity is diminishing in online social networks, putting users in a "bubble", where they receive political information which they agree with. The contributions from our investigations are fivefold: (1) we introduce different dimensions of the highly complex value viewpoint diversity using political theory; (2) we provide an overview of the metrics used in the literature of viewpoint diversity analysis; (3) we operationalize new metrics using the theory and provide a framework to analyze viewpoint diversity in Twitter for different political cultures; (4) we share our results for a case study on minorities we performed for Turkish and Dutch Twitter users; (5) we show that minority users cannot reach a large percentage of Turkish Twitter users. With the last of these contributions, using theory from communication scholars and philoso...

Bozdag, Engin; Houben, Geert-Jan; Warnier, Martijn

2014-01-01

267

User's manual for seismic analysis code 'SONATINA-2V'  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, has been developed to analyze the behavior of the HTTR core graphite components under seismic excitation. The SONATINA-2V code is a two-dimensional computer program capable of analyzing the vertical arrangement of the HTTR graphite components, such as fuel blocks, replaceable reflector blocks, permanent reflector blocks, as well as their restraint structures. In the analytical model, each block is treated as rigid body and is restrained by dowel pins which restrict relative horizontal movement but allow vertical and rocking motions between upper and lower blocks. Moreover, the SONATINA-2V code is capable of analyzing the core vibration behavior under both simultaneous excitations of vertical and horizontal directions. The SONATINA-2V code is composed of the main program, pri-processor for making the input data to SONATINA-2V and post-processor for data processing and making the graphics from analytical results. Though the SONATINA-2V code was developed in order to work in the MSP computer system of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the computer system was abolished with the technical progress of computer. Therefore, improvement of this analysis code was carried out in order to operate the code under the UNIX machine, SR8000 computer system, of the JAERI. The users manual for seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, including pri- and post-processor is given in the present report. (author)

Hanawa, Satoshi; Iyoku, Tatsuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment

2001-08-01

268

C language program analysis system (CLAS) part 1: graphical user interface (GUI)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CLAS (C Language Program Analysis System) is a reverse engineering tool intended for use in the verification and validation (V and V) phase of software programs developed in the ANSI C language. From the source code, CLAS generates data pertaining to two conceptual models of software programs viz., Entity-Relationship (E-R) model and Control Flow Graphs (CFG) model. Browsing tools within CLAS, make use of this data, to provide different graphical views of the project. Static analysis tools have been developed earlier for analysing assembly language programs. CLAS is a continuation of this work to provide automated support in analysis of ANSI C language programs. CLAS provides an integrated Graphical User Interface (GUI) based environment under which programs can be analysed into the above mentioned models and the analysed data can be viewed using the browsing tools. The GUI of CLAS is implemented using an OPEN LOOK compliant tool kit XVIEW on Sun SPARC IPC workstation running Sun OS 4.1.1 rev. B. This report describes the GUI of CLAS. CLAS is also expected to be useful in other contexts which may involve understanding architecture/structure of already developed C language programs. Such requirements can arise while carrying out activities like code modification, parallelising etc. (author). 5 refs., 13 figs., 1 appendix

1994-01-01

269

Micromechanics Analysis Code Post-Processing (MACPOST) User Guide. 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

As advanced composite materials have gained wider usage. the need for analytical models and computer codes to predict the thermomechanical deformation response of these materials has increased significantly. Recently, a micromechanics technique called the generalized method of cells (GMC) has been developed, which has the capability to fulfill this -oal. Tc provide a framework for GMC, the Micromechanics Analysis Code with Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC) has been developed. As MAC/GMC has been updated, significant improvements have been made to the post-processing capabilities of the code. Through the MACPOST program, which operates directly within the MSC/PATRAN graphical pre- and post-processing package, a direct link between the analysis capabilities of MAC/GMC and the post-processing capabilities of MSC/PATRAN has been established. MACPOST has simplified the production, printing. and exportation of results for unit cells analyzed by MAC/GMC. MACPOST allows different micro-level quantities to be plotted quickly and easily in contour plots. In addition, meaningful data for X-Y plots can be examined. MACPOST thus serves as an important analysis and visualization tool for the macro- and micro-level data generated by MAC/GMC. This report serves as the user's manual for the MACPOST program.

Goldberg, Robert K.; Comiskey, Michele D.; Bednarcyk, Brett A.

1999-01-01

270

INSTITUTIONS AND VALUES OF ROMANIANS – COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HISTORICAL REGIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Starting from the results of a national survey, a questionnaire on the values of Romanians was applied in April 2008 which was used for a comparative analysis of historical regions of Romania: Moldova, Bucharest, Dobrogea, Transilvania and Muntenia. Ou

Iacobuta Andreea-Oana

2009-05-01

271

Comparative and Familial Analysis of Handedness in Great Apes  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, population-level handedness has been considered a hallmark of human evolution. Whether nonhuman primates exhibit population-level handedness remains a topic of considerable debate. This paper summarizes published data on handedness in great apes. Comparative analysis indicated that chimpanzees and bonobos show population-level right…

Hopkins, William D.

2006-01-01

272

A Comparative Analysis of Three Unique Theories of Organizational Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to present three classical theories on organizational learning and conduct a comparative analysis that highlights their strengths, similarities, and differences. Two of the theories -- experiential learning theory and adaptive -- generative learning theory -- represent the thinking of the cognitive perspective, while…

Leavitt, Carol C.

2011-01-01

273

Comparative Risk Analysis of Spar-Based FPSO's.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this research was to conduct a Comparative Risk Analysis for a Spar-based Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) facility in the Gulf of Mexico. This work represents an extension of a previously completed project where the oil ...

E. G. Ward R. B. Gilbert

2003-01-01

274

Comparative Analysis and Evaluation of Existing Risk Management Software  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The focus of this article lies on the specific features of the existing software packages for risk management differentiating three categories. Representative for these categories we consider the Crystal Ball, Haufe Risikomanager and MIS - Risk Management solutions, outlining the strenghts and weaknesses in a comparative analysis.

Apostol-maurer, Iulia

2007-01-01

275

Initial Implementation of a Comparative Data Analysis Ontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Comparative analysis is used throughout biology. When entities under comparison (e.g. proteins, genomes, species are related by descent, evolutionary theory provides a framework that, in principle, allows N-ary comparisons of entities, while controlling for non-independence due to relatedness. Powerful software tools exist for specialized applications of this approach, yet it remains under-utilized in the absence of a unifying informatics infrastructure. A key step in developing such an infrastructure is the definition of a formal ontology. The analysis of use cases and existing formalisms suggests that a significant component of evolutionary analysis involves a core problem of inferring a character history, relying on key concepts: “Operational Taxonomic Units” (OTUs, representing the entities to be compared; “character-state data” representing the observations compared among OTUs; “phylogenetic tree”, representing the historical path of evolution among the entities; and “transitions”, the inferred evolutionary changes in states of characters that account for observations. Using the Web Ontology Language (OWL, we have defined these and other fundamental concepts in a Comparative Data Analysis Ontology (CDAO. CDAO has been evaluated for its ability to represent token data sets and to support simple forms of reasoning. With further development, CDAO will provide a basis for tools (for semantic transformation, data retrieval, validation, integration, etc. that make it easier for software developers and biomedical researchers to apply evolutionary methods of inference to diverse types of data, so as to integrate this powerful framework for reasoning into their research.

Francisco Prosdocimi

2009-07-01

276

Initial Implementation of a comparative Data Analysis Ontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Comparative analysis is used throughout biology. When entities under comparison (e.g. proteins, genomes, species are related by descent, evolutionary theory provides a framework that, in principle, allows N-ary comparisons of entities, while controlling for non-independence due to relatedness. Powerful software tools exist for specialized applications of this approach, yet it remains under-utilized in the absence of a unifying informatics infrastructure. A key step in developing such an infrastructure is the definition of a formal ontology. The analysis of use cases and existing formalisms suggests that a significant component of evolutionary analysis involves a core problem of inferring a character history, relying on key concepts: “Operational Taxonomic Units” (OTUs, representing the entities to be compared; “character-state data” representing the observations compared among OTUs; “phylogenetic tree”, representing the historical path of evolution among the entities; and “transitions”, the inferred evolutionary changes in states of characters that account for observations. Using the Web Ontology Language (OWL, we have defined these and other fundamental concepts in a Comparative Data Analysis Ontology (CDAO. CDAO has been evaluated for its ability to represent token data sets and to support simple forms of reasoning. With further development, CDAO will provide a basis for tools (for semantic transformation, data retrieval, validation, integration, etc. that make it easier for software developers and biomedical researchers to apply evolutionary methods of inference to diverse types of data, so as to integrate this powerful framework for reasoning into their research.

Francisco Prosdocimi

2009-01-01

277

A Comparative Analysis: The Meaning of Home Economics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 1899-1908 Lake Placid Conferences' definition of home economics as a professional field of study was compared to the 1979 meaning in Home Economics: A Definition, a paper by Brown and Paolucci, to provide clarity and future direction for the field. A componential analysis was conducted with the following domains: family, religion, politics,…

Jax, Judy

278

Comparative analysis of equalization methods for SC-FDMA  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper we introduce comparative analysis for different types of equalization schemes, based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE) optimization. The following types of equalizers were compared: linear equalization, decision feedback equalization (DFE) and turbo equalization. Performance and complexity of these schemes were tested for Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) system with Single Input Single Output (SISO) antenna configuration. SC-FDMA is a common technique, which is used in the UTRA LTE Uplink, so the results of complexity and performance analysis could be applied to find the appropriate equalization algorithm to be used in the Uplink channel of the LTE â?? the famous standard in 4G telecommunications. Simulation results in the end in this paper show bit error ratio (BER) and modulation error ratio (MER) for compared schemes.

Dogadaev, Anton Konstantinovich; Ukhanova, Ann

2010-01-01

279

Spatial Analysis of HIV Positive Injection Drug Users in San Francisco, 1987 to 2005  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spatial analyses of HIV/AIDS related outcomes are growing in popularity as a tool to understand geographic changes in the epidemic and inform the effectiveness of community-based prevention and treatment programs. The Urban Health Study was a serial, cross-sectional epidemiological study of injection drug users (IDUs in San Francisco between 1987 and 2005 (N = 29,914. HIV testing was conducted for every participant. Participant residence was geocoded to the level of the United States Census tract for every observation in dataset. Local indicator of spatial autocorrelation (LISA tests were used to identify univariate and bivariate Census tract clusters of HIV positive IDUs in two time periods. We further compared three tract level characteristics (% poverty, % African Americans, and % unemployment across areas of clustered and non-clustered tracts. We identified significant spatial clustering of high numbers of HIV positive IDUs in the early period (1987–1995 and late period (1996–2005. We found significant bivariate clusters of Census tracts where HIV positive IDUs and tract level poverty were above average compared to the surrounding areas. Our data suggest that poverty, rather than race, was an important neighborhood characteristic associated with the spatial distribution of HIV in SF and its spatial diffusion over time.

Alexis N. Martinez

2014-04-01

280

A macroscopic model for multiple user-class traffic operations: derivation, analysis and numerical results:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this report we derive a macroscopic Multiple User-Class traffic model from mesoscopic principles. These principles yield equilibrium relationships between traffic density and equilibrium velocities as a function of the current traffic conditions, the traffic composition, and the distribution of user-class dependent desired velocities, rather than these relations need to be defined exogenously. These relations encompass contributions of drivers accelerating towards their user-class specific...

Hoogendoorn, S. P.; Bovy, P. H. L.

1998-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Does user satisfaction relate to adoption behavior?: an exploratory analysis using CPRS implementation.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

User satisfaction is commonly assessed in evaluations of information systems as a proxy for user adoption. However few studies actually report directly assessing the relationship between the two constructs. In this study the relationship between four user satisfaction measures and five adoption behaviors were explored in the context of the implementation of the Veteran's Health Administration Computerized Patient Record System 1.0. Findings suggest that the relationship is modest and depends ...

Weir, C. R.; Crockett, R.; Gohlinghorst, S.; Mccarthy, C.

2000-01-01

282

Shape Analysis of 3D Head Scan Data for U.S. Respirator Users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 2003, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH conducted a head-and-face anthropometric survey of diverse, civilian respirator users. Of the 3,997 subjects measured using traditional anthropometric techniques, surface scans and 26 three-dimensional (3D landmark locations were collected for 947 subjects. The objective of this study was to report the size and shape variation of the survey participants using the 3D data. Generalized Procrustes Analysis (GPA was conducted to standardize configurations of landmarks associated with individuals into a common coordinate system. The superimposed coordinates for each individual were used as commensurate variables that describe individual shape and were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA to identify population variation. The first four principal components (PC account for 49% of the total sample variation. The first PC indicates that overall size is an important component of facial variability. The second PC accounts for long and narrow or short and wide faces. Longer narrow orbits versus shorter wider orbits can be described by PC3, and PC4 represents variation in the degree of ortho/prognathism. Geometric Morphometrics provides a detailed and interpretable assessment of morphological variation that may be useful in assessing respirators and devising new test and certification standards.

Stephanie Lynch

2010-01-01

283

Does user satisfaction relate to adoption behavior?: an exploratory analysis using CPRS implementation.  

Science.gov (United States)

User satisfaction is commonly assessed in evaluations of information systems as a proxy for user adoption. However few studies actually report directly assessing the relationship between the two constructs. In this study the relationship between four user satisfaction measures and five adoption behaviors were explored in the context of the implementation of the Veteran's Health Administration Computerized Patient Record System 1.0. Findings suggest that the relationship is modest and depends on the measurement system used. Specifically, direct reports of affect and judgements of specific task efficacy related to behavior more often than usability and a general user satisfaction instrument.

Weir, C. R.; Crockett, R.; Gohlinghorst, S.; McCarthy, C.

2000-01-01

284

User-based and Cognitive Approaches to Knowledge Organization : A Theoretical Analysis of the Research Literature.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the 1970s and 1980s, forms of user-based and cognitive approaches to knowledge organization came to the forefront as part of the overall development in library and information science and in the broader society. The specific nature of userbased approaches is their basis in the empirical studies of users or the principle that users need to be involved in the construction of knowledge organization systems. It might seem obvious that user-friendly systems should be designed on user studies or user involvement, but extremely successful systems such as Appleâ??s iPhone, Dialogâ??s search system and Googleâ??s PageRank are not based on the empirical studies of users. In knowledge organization, the Book House System is one example of a system based on user studies. In cognitive science the important WordNet database is claimed to be based on psychological research. This article considers such examples. The role of the user is often confused with the role of subjectivity. Knowledge organization systems cannot be objective and must therefore, by implication, be based on some kind of subjectivity. This subjectivity should, however, be derived from collective views in discourse communities rather than be derived from studies of individuals or from the study of abstract minds.

Hjørland, Birger

2013-01-01

285

Randomized Trial Comparing Two Treatment Strategies Using Prize-Based Reinforcement of Abstinence in Cocaine and Opiate Users  

Science.gov (United States)

We compared two strategies of prize-based contingency management (CM) in methadone-maintained outpatients. Urine was tested thrice weekly for 5 weeks pre-CM, 12 weeks CM, and 8 weeks post-CM. Participants were randomly assigned to a cocaine contingency (four prize draws for each cocaine-negative urine, N = 29) or an opiate-cocaine contingency (one…

Preston, Kenzie L.; Ghitza, Udi E.; Schmittner, John P.; Schroeder, Jennifer R.; Epstein, David H.

2008-01-01

286

MicroScope—an integrated microbial resource for the curation and comparative analysis of genomic and metabolic data  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

MicroScope is an integrated platform dedicated to both the methodical updating of microbial genome annotation and to comparative analysis. The resource provides data from completed and ongoing genome projects (automatic and expert annotations), together with data sources from post-genomic experiments (i.e. transcriptomics, mutant collections) allowing users to perfect and improve the understanding of gene functions. MicroScope (http://www.genoscope.cns.fr/agc/microscope) combines tools and gr...

Vallenet, David; Belda, Eugeni; Calteau, Alexandra; Cruveiller, Ste?phane; Engelen, Stefan; Lajus, Aure?lie; Le Fe?vre, Franc?ois; Longin, Cyrille; Mornico, Damien; Roche, David; Rouy, Zoe?; Salvignol, Gregory; Scarpelli, Claude; Thil Smith, Adam Alexander; Weiman, Marion

2013-01-01

287

Analysis comparing robotic to human TRUPACT unloading at WIPP  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This economic analysis compares human and robotic TRUPACT unloading at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Robots speed up the unloading process, reduce human labor requirements, and reduce human exposure to radiation. The analysis shows that benefit/cost ratios are greater than one for most cases using government economic parameters. This suggests that robots are an attractive option for the TRUPACT application, from a government perspective. Rates of return on capital investment are below 15% for most cases using private economic parameters. Thus, robots are not an attractive option for this application, from a private enterprise perspective.

Edenburn, M.W.

1992-01-01

288

An Empirical Study on User-oriented Association Analysis of Library Classification Schemes  

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Full Text Available Library classification schemes are mostly organized based on disciplines with a hierarchical structure. From the user point of view, some highly related yet non-hierarchical classes may not be easy to perceive in these schemes. This paper is to discover hidden associations between classes by analyzing users’ usage of library collections. The proposed approach employs collaborative filtering techniques to discover associated classes based on the circulation patterns of similar users. Many associated classes scattered across different subject hierarchies could be discovered from the circulation patterns of similar users. The obtained association norms between classes were found to be useful in understanding users' subject preferences for a given class. Classification schemes can, therefore, be made more adaptable to changes of users and the uses of different library collections. There are implications for applications in information organization and retrieval as well. For example, catalogers could refer to the ranked associated classes when they perform multi-classification, and users could also browse the associated classes for related subjects in an enhanced OPAC system. In future research, more empirical studies will be needed to validate the findings, and methods for obtaining user-oriented associations can still be improved.[Article content in Chinese

Hsiao-Tieh Pu

2002-12-01

289

New Software Product Feature Identification: An Analysis of E-mail User Characteristics and Functional Requirements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Improving the product development process is becoming more important as business environment gets more competitive. This study aims at understanding and characterizing potential users of a software product through idea sharing of users. It also targets to create a new product concept through understanding the common features users prefer most. During this product conceptualization stage, the customer ideas are captured through use of a questionnaire. The target users, priority of product functions and features are investigated and the details of the existing e-mail systems as well as of the ideal e-mail systems are identified. Some of the key results included users with demographic differences having different usage and requirements characteristics, expectations of females being higher than those of males and the software functions used and characteristics required being different for those with different job categories or educational backgrounds.

Ecehan Sofuoglu

2007-01-01

290

Comparative performance analysis of three meteorological drought indices  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Three indices for designating drought are examined and their comparative performance in depicting periods of different drought intensities is discussed. These indices are the rainfall anomaly index (RAI), Bhalme and Mooley drought index (BMDI) and the Palmer drought index (PDI). Using data from Nebraska state as an example, the three indices all appear to be effective in detecting drought periods. The results of the analysis suggest that precipitation is the most important climatic element as an input into meteorological drought. It can, therefore, be concluded that for meteorological purposes, and when undertaking single-station analysis, simple indices with rainfall as the only input perform comparatively as well as the more complicated indices in depicting periods and intensity of drought. 11 references, 5 figures, 1 table.

Oladipo, E.O.

1985-01-01

291

Reactor neutron activation analysis by single comparator method: Ko measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron activation analysis using single comparator has been adapted for multi element analysis in different matrices. Gold was used as comparator. High resolution gamma ray spectrometry was used for measuring radioactivity. Ko factors for fifteen isotopes were measured using this method. Ko values for 111 radioisotopes for the elements from fluorine to uranium were also calculated using latest nuclear data. Good agreement between the experimental and calculated Ko values was obtained. Ratio of the sub-cadmium to epi-cadmium neutron flux which is an important input parameter was measured in different irradiation positions of Apsara reactor. Using this method, macro and micro concentrations of analytes in a geological standard (USGS-W-1) and a few gem samples were determined. (author). 28 refs., 5 tabs., 1 appendix

1995-01-01

292

Comparative analysis of radionuclide inventory in sediment 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to test the reliability of methods used in environmental monitoring for radioactive substances, the Bundesanstalt fuer Gewaesserkunde in 1995 again carried out a comparative analysis ''Radionuclides in sediment'' with correspondingly labelled or conditioned samples. The primary aim of this project - independently of the method used in each instance and the measuring conditions observed - was to establish the extent to which the measuring results of the individual participants deviate from specified supposed values or likeliest contents, and also to valuate these deviations by means of illustrative quality parameters. In so far the aim of this comparative analysis differs from that of a so-called inter-laboratory experiment, where the primary objective is to obtain characteristic data for an analytical method (orig./SR)

1996-01-01

293

Linear Inferential Modeling: Theoretical Perspectives, Extensions, and Comparative Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Inferential models are widely used in the chemical industry to infer key process variables, which are challenging or expensive to measure, from other more easily measured variables. The aim of this paper is three-fold: to present a theoretical review of some of the well known linear inferential modeling techniques, to enhance the predictive ability of the regularized canonical correlation analysis (RCCA) method, and finally to compare the performances of these techniques and highlight some of...

Muddu Madakyaru; Nounou, Mohamed N.; Nounou, Hazem N.

2012-01-01

294

Revealing Mammalian Evolutionary Relationships by Comparative Analysis of Gene Clusters  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many software tools for comparative analysis of genomic sequence data have been released in recent decades. Despite this, it remains challenging to determine evolutionary relationships in gene clusters due to their complex histories involving duplications, deletions, inversions, and conversions. One concept describing these relationships is orthology. Orthologs derive from a common ancestor by speciation, in contrast to paralogs, which derive from duplication. Discriminating orthologs from pa...

Song, Giltae; Riemer, Cathy; Dickins, Benjamin; Kim, Hie Lim; Zhang, Louxin; Zhang, Yu; Hsu, Chih-hao; Hardison, Ross C.; Nisc, Comparative Sequencing Program; Green, Eric D.; Miller, Webb

2012-01-01

295

Comparative analysis of fungal protein kinases and associated domains  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Protein phosphorylation is responsible for a large portion of the regulatory functions of eukaryotic cells. Although the list of sequenced genomes of filamentous fungi has grown rapidly, the kinomes of recently sequenced species have not yet been studied in detail. The objective of this study is to apply a comparative analysis of the kinase distribution in different fungal phyla, and to explore its relevance to understanding the evolution of fungi and thei...

Kosti Idit; Mandel-Gutfreund Yael; Glaser Fabian; Horwitz Benjamin A

2010-01-01

296

Noncoding RNA gene detection using comparative sequence analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Noncoding RNA genes produce transcripts that exert their function without ever producing proteins. Noncoding RNA gene sequences do not have strong statistical signals, unlike protein coding genes. A reliable general purpose computational genefinder for noncoding RNA genes has been elusive. Results We describe a comparative sequence analysis algorithm for detecting novel structural RNA genes. The key idea is to test the pattern of substitution...

Rivas Elena; Eddy Sean R

2001-01-01

297

Comparative analysis of the rapid development and its alternatives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article deals with a new criterion “relation to the leader” to classification of development types. According to this feature the development is divided into catching-up, rapid and development at the leader’s level. Authors determine three blocks of characteristics that enhance to understand the nature of these types: economic characteristics, innovation activity and governance. A comparative analysis of these development types is conducted.

N.S. Illiashenko

2014-06-01

298

Comparative Analysis of Organizational Structures in Industrial Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Successful realization of industrial strategy of the industrial enterprise is determined not onlyquality of her preparation and presence of the detailed plan of realization, but also the effective organizationof process of monitoring of her realization. In article various classifications of organizational structures ofmanagement of the industrial enterprises are considered, comparative which economic analysis will allow theiruse as bases of construction of system of monitoring of an economic status of the industrial enterprise.

Daniel Furcila

2011-05-01

299

Comparative and Familial Analysis of Handedness in Great Apes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Historically, population-level handedness has been considered a hallmark of human evolution. Whether nonhuman primates exhibit population-level handedness remains a topic of considerable debate. This paper summarizes published data on handedness in great apes. Comparative analysis indicated that chimpanzees and bonobos show population-level right handedness, whereas gorillas and orangutans do not. All ape species showed evidence of population-level handedness when considering specific tasks. ...

2006-01-01

300

Comparative analysis of solid waste management in 20 cities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper uses the ‘lens’ of integrated and sustainable waste management (ISWM) to analyse the new data set compiled on 20 cities in six continents for the UN-Habitat flagship publication Solid Waste Management in the World’s Cities. The comparative analysis looks first at waste generation rates and waste composition data. A process flow diagram is prepared for each city, as a powerful tool for representing the solid waste system as a whole in a comprehensive but concise way. Benchmark...

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Poverty and fertility in less developed countries: a comparative analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Just as poverty analysis has a central part in Development Economics, studies of fertility behaviour have an equally important standing in the Demography literature. Poverty and fertility are two important aspects of welfare that are closely related. In this paper we use unique longitudinal data sources to study the relationship between poverty and fertility at household level over a two to five year period. In particular we compare the relationship between fertility and poverty in four count...

Aassve, Arnstein; Engelhardt, Henriette; Francavilla, Francesca; Kedir, Abbi; Kim, Jungho; Mealli, Fabrizia; Mencarini, Letizia; Pudney, Stephen; Prskawetz, Alexia

2005-01-01

302

Comparative Analysis of Numerical Methods for Parameter Determination  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We made a comparative analysis of numerical methods for multidimensional optimization. The main parameter is a number of computations of the test function to reach necessary accuracy, as it is computationally "slow". For complex functions, analytic differentiation by many parameters can cause problems associated with a significant complication of the program and thus slowing its operation. For comparison, we used the methods: "brute force" (or minimization on a regular grid)...

Andronov, Ivan L.; Tkachenko, Maria G.

2013-01-01

303

Transit Analysis Package (TAP and autoKep): IDL Graphical User Interfaces for Extrasolar Planet Transit Photometry  

CERN Document Server

We present an IDL graphical user interface-driven software package designed for the analysis of extrasolar planet transit light curves. The Transit Analysis Package (TAP) software uses Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques to fit light curves using the analytic model of Mandel and Agol (2002). The package incorporates a wavelet based likelihood function developed by Carter and Winn (2009) which allows the MCMC to assess parameter uncertainties more robustly than classic chi-squared methods by parameterizing uncorrelated "white" and correlated "red" noise. The software is able to simultaneously analyze multiple transits observed in different conditions (instrument, filter, weather, etc). The graphical interface allows for the simple execution and interpretation of Bayesian MCMC analysis tailored to a user's specific data set and has been thoroughly tested on ground-based and Kepler photometry. AutoKep provides a similar GUI for the preparation of Kepler MAST archive data for analysis by TAP or any other a...

Gazak, J Zachary; Tonry, John; Eastman, Jason; Mann, Andrew W; Agol, Eric

2011-01-01

304

SINGULAB - A Graphical user Interface for the Singularity Analysis of Parallel Robots based on Grassmann-Cayley Algebra  

CERN Multimedia

This paper presents SinguLab, a graphical user interface for the singularity analysis of parallel robots. The algorithm is based on Grassmann-Cayley algebra. The proposed tool is interactive and introduces the designer to the singularity analysis performed by this method, showing all the stages along the procedure and eventually showing the solution algebraically and graphically, allowing as well the singularity verification of different robot poses.

Ben-Horin, Patricia; Caro, Stéphane; Chablat, Damien; Wenger, Philippe

2008-01-01

305

GATA: a graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Several problems exist with current methods used to align DNA sequences for comparative sequence analysis. Most dynamic programming algorithms assume that conserved sequence elements are collinear. This assumption appears valid when comparing orthologous protein coding sequences. Functional constraints on proteins provide strong selective pressure against sequence inversions, and minimize sequence duplications and feature shuffling. For non-coding sequences this collinearity assumption is often invalid. For example, enhancers contain clusters of transcription factor binding sites that change in number, orientation, and spacing during evolution yet the enhancer retains its activity. Dot plot analysis is often used to estimate non-coding sequence relatedness. Yet dot plots do not actually align sequences and thus cannot account well for base insertions or deletions. Moreover, they lack an adequate statistical framework for comparing sequence relatedness and are limited to pairwise comparisons. Lastly, dot plots and dynamic programming text outputs fail to provide an intuitive means for visualizing DNA alignments. Results To address some of these issues, we created a stand alone, platform independent, graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis (GATA http://gata.sourceforge.net/. GATA uses the NCBI-BLASTN program and extensive post-processing to identify all small sub-alignments above a low cut-off score. These are graphed as two shaded boxes, one for each sequence, connected by a line using the coordinate system of their parent sequence. Shading and colour are used to indicate score and orientation. A variety of options exist for querying, modifying and retrieving conserved sequence elements. Extensive gene annotation can be added to both sequences using a standardized General Feature Format (GFF file. Conclusions GATA uses the NCBI-BLASTN program in conjunction with post-processing to exhaustively align two DNA sequences. It provides researchers with a fine-grained alignment and visualization tool aptly suited for non-coding, 0–200 kb, pairwise, sequence analysis. It functions independent of sequence feature ordering or orientation, and readily visualizes both large and small sequence inversions, duplications, and segment shuffling. Since the alignment is visual and does not contain gaps, gene annotation can be added to both sequences to create a thoroughly descriptive picture of DNA conservation that is well suited for comparative sequence analysis.

Nix David A

2005-01-01

306

A user-friendly Matlab program and GUI for the pseudorotation analysis of saturated five-membered ring systems based on scalar coupling constants  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The advent of combinatorial chemistry has revived the interest in five-membered heterocyclic rings as scaffolds in pharmaceutical research. They are also the target of modifications in nucleic acid chemistry. Hence, the characterization of their conformational features is of considerable interest. This can be accomplished from the analysis of the 3JHH scalar coupling constants. Results A freely available program including an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI) has been developed for the calculation of five-membered ring conformations from scalar coupling constant data. A variety of operational modes and parameterizations can be selected by the user, and the coupling constants and electronegativity parameters can be defined interactively. Furthermore, the possibility of generating high-quality graphical output of the conformational space accessible to the molecule under study facilitates the interpretation of the results. These features are illustrated via the conformational analysis of two 4'-thio-2'-deoxynucleoside analogs. Results are discussed and compared with those obtained using the original PSEUROT program. Conclusion A user-friendly Matlab interface has been developed and tested. This should considerably improve the accessibility of this kind of calculations to the chemical community.

Hendrickx, Pieter MS; Martins, Jose C

2008-01-01

307

A user-friendly Matlab program and GUI for the pseudorotation analysis of saturated five-membered ring systems based on scalar coupling constants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The advent of combinatorial chemistry has revived the interest in five-membered heterocyclic rings as scaffolds in pharmaceutical research. They are also the target of modifications in nucleic acid chemistry. Hence, the characterization of their conformational features is of considerable interest. This can be accomplished from the analysis of the 3JHH scalar coupling constants. Results A freely available program including an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI has been developed for the calculation of five-membered ring conformations from scalar coupling constant data. A variety of operational modes and parameterizations can be selected by the user, and the coupling constants and electronegativity parameters can be defined interactively. Furthermore, the possibility of generating high-quality graphical output of the conformational space accessible to the molecule under study facilitates the interpretation of the results. These features are illustrated via the conformational analysis of two 4'-thio-2'-deoxynucleoside analogs. Results are discussed and compared with those obtained using the original PSEUROT program. Conclusion A user-friendly Matlab interface has been developed and tested. This should considerably improve the accessibility of this kind of calculations to the chemical community.

Martins José C

2008-10-01

308

A Comparative Analysis of Global Cropping Systems Models and Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

Agricultural practices have dramatically altered the land cover of the Earth, but the spatial extent and intensity of these practices is often difficult to catalogue. Cropland accounts for nearly 15 million km2 of the Earth's land cover - amounting to 12% of the Earth's ice-free land surface - yet information on the distribution and performance of specific crops is often available only through national or sub-national statistics. While remote sensing products offer spatially disaggregated information, those currently available on a global scale are ill-suited for many applications due to the limited separation of crop types within the area classified as cropland. Recently, however, there have been multiple independent efforts to incorporate the detailed information available from statistical surveys with supplemental spatial information to produce a spatially explicit global dataset specific to individual cropss for the year 2000. While these datasets provide analysts and decision makers with improved information on global cropping systems, the final global cropping maps differ from one another substantially. This study aims to explore and quantify systematic similarities and differences between four major global cropping systems products: the monthly irrigated and rainfed crop areas around the year 2000 (MIRAC2000) dataset, the spatial production allocation model (SPAM), the global agro-ecological zone (GAEZ) dataset, and the dataset developed by Monfreda et al., 2008. The analysis explores not only the final cropping systems maps but also the interdependencies of each product, methodological differences and modeling assumptions, which will provide users with information vital for discerning between datasets in selecting a product appropriate for each intended application.

Anderson, W. B.; You, L.; Wood, S.; Wood-Sichra, U.; Wu, W.

2013-12-01

309

Digital video analysis of health professionals' interactions with an electronic whiteboard : A longitudinal, naturalistic study of changes to user interactions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

As hospital departments continue to introduce electronic whiteboards in real clinical settings a range of human factor issues have emerged and it has become clear that there is a need for improved methods for designing and testing these systems. In this study, we employed a longitudinal and naturalistic method in the usability evaluation of an electronic whiteboard system. The goal of the evaluation was to explore the extent to which usability issues experienced by users change as they gain more experience with the system. In addition, the paper explores the use of a new approach to collection and analysis of continuous digital video recordings of naturalistic "live" user interactions. The method developed and employed in the study included recording the users' interactions with system during actual use using screen-capturing software and analyzing these recordings for usability issues. In this paper we describe and discuss both the method and the results of the evaluation. We found that the electronic whiteboard system contains system-related usability issues that did not change over time as the clinicians collectively gained more experience with the system. Furthermore, we also found user-related issues that seemed to change as the users gained more experience and we discuss the underlying reasons for these changes. We also found that the method used in the study has certain advantages over traditional usability evaluation methods, including the ability to collect analyze live user data over time. However, challenges and drawbacks to using the method (including the time taken for analysis and logistical issues in doing live recordings) should be considered before utilizing a similar approach. In conclusion we summarize our findings and call for an increased focus on longitudinal and naturalistic evaluations of health information systems and encourage others to apply and refine the method utilized in this study.

Rasmussen, Rasmus; Kushniruk, Andre

2013-01-01

310

Comparative transcriptomic analysis of streptococcus pseudopneumoniae with viridans group streptococci  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae, is a novel member of the genus Streptococcus, falling close to related members like S. pneumoniae, S. mitis, and S. oralis. Its recent appearance has shed light on streptococcal infections, which has been unclear till recently. In this study, the transcriptome of S. pseudopneumoniae CCUG 49455T was analyzed using the S. pneumoniae R6 microarray platform and compared with those of S. pneumoniae KCTC 5080T, S. mitis KCTC 3556T, and S. oralis KCTC 13048T strains. Results Comparative transcriptome analysis revealed the extent of genetic relatedness among the species, and implies that S. pseudopneumoniae is the most closely related to S. pneumoniae. A total of 489, 444 and 470 genes were upregulated while 347, 484 and 443 were downregulated relative to S. pneumoniae in S. pseudopneumoniae, S. oralis and S. mitis respectively. Important findings were the up-regulation of TCS (two component systems and transposase which were found to be specific to S. pseudopneumoniae. Conclusions This study provides insight to the current understanding of the genomic content of S. pseudopneumoniae. The comparative transcriptome analysis showed hierarchical clustering of expression data of S. pseudopneumoniae with S. pneumoniae and S. mitis with S. oralis. This proves that transcriptional profiling can facilitate in elucidating the genetic distance between closely related strains.

Park Hee

2012-07-01

311

The imagined audience on Facebook: Analysis of Estonian teen sketches about typical Facebook users  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyses Estonian high–school students (N=15) perceptions about the imagined audience on Facebook. Students’ sketches (N=39) and reflections on focus group interviews indicate that the youth are well aware of the plurality of the imagined audience on Facebook. From the total of six prevalent user types and sub–types that emerged, just one user type could be considered representative of an ideal audience on Facebook in the eyes of youth.

Murumaa, Maria University Of Tartu; Siibak, Andra University Of Tartu

2012-01-01

312

AnaDroid: Malware Analysis of Android with User-supplied Predicates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today's mobile platforms provide only coarse-grained permissions to users with regard to how third- party applications use sensitive private data. Unfortunately, it is easy to disguise malware within the boundaries of legitimately-granted permissions. For instance, granting access to "contacts" and "internet" may be necessary for a text-messaging application to function, even though the user does not want contacts transmitted over the internet. To understand fine-grained app...

Liang, Shuying; Might, Matthew; Horn, David

2013-01-01

313

Monitoring User-System Interactions through Graph-Based Intrinsic Dynamics Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Monitoring the evolution of user-system interactions is of high importance for complex systems and for information systems in particular, especially to raise alerts automatically when abnormal behaviors occur. However current methods fail at capturing the intrinsic dynamics of the system, and focus on evolution due to exogenous factors like day-night patterns. In order to capture the intrinsic dynamics of user-system interactions, we propose an innovative graph-based approach relying on a nov...

Heymann, Se?bastien; Le Grand, Be?ne?dicte

2013-01-01

314

Elimination of User-fees in Tertiary Education: A Distributive Analysis for Ecuador  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper offers new evidence and methods for understanding the distributive effect of a universal government policy to eliminate user fees in public universities in Ecuador. The main argument to eliminate user fees in higher education is that it will increase enrollment among the poor. In this regard, eliminating tuition fees is supposed to be a progressive policy. Using several panel data, however, credible evidence exists that eliminating tuition fees has no significant impact on oppor...

Juan Ponce; Yessenia Loayza

2012-01-01

315

An Analysis of User Satisfaction of K University’s Library Service  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study purposed to discover whether or not academic libraries reflect these changing roles. We selected K University as the research target and surveyed user satisfaction of materials, staff services, facilities, electronic devices, media, and so on. The research findings are as follows: 1 the frequency of library visits of University K was on the high side, 2 the primary purpose of using the academic library was associated with learning or reading, therefore, the most used library spaces were related to that, 3 the most used library materials were ‘general books’, the most unused were ‘reference books’, 4 the most preferred way to obtain needed materials when failing to find wanted materials was ‘Contact librarian’. A similar phenomenon occurred in terms of facility use, 5 university K’s users were usually satisfied with the loan policy, 6 the rate of users who don't know whether there is user education was very high, the rate of users who have no experience with user education was extremely low. These research findings can be referenced by library management to improve libraries’ service quality and take advantage of complex spatial configurations.

Younghee Noh

2011-06-01

316

An image analysis workstation designed for multiple users: application of quantitative digital imaging techniques to electron microscopy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study is to describe the setup of an image analysis workstation designed for multiple users, and to show the application of digital imaging techniques to the analysis of electron microscopic images. The image analysis system consists of a conventional light microscope mounted on a table-top, vibration-free platform, a light box for viewing negatives, two separate video cameras, a switch box, a video monitor, a digitizing tablet, a computer, and morphometric software packages. The system can quantitate the amount that each of the 256 gray levels contributes to the image, perform morphometric analysis (eg, shape and size) on individual gray level-defined subimages, and perform statistical analysis. Each operator has access to his or her own data and program setups through the use of 21.4-Mb removable Bernoulli cartridges. This setup for multiple users prevents the cluttering of the hard drive of the computer and avoids the possibility of accidentally removing the stored data of another user. The quantitative capabilities of the digital imaging system is demonstrated using an image of a normal lymphocyte and an apoptotic cell (ie, a cell which has undergone programmed cell death), both captured on the same electron microscopic negative. A comparison of the histograms of nuclear densities determined for these two cells reveals subtleties in gray level distribution not appreciated by the naked eye. PMID:1557817

Payne, C M; Cromey, D W

1992-01-01

317

Comparative greenhouse emissions analysis of domestic solar hot water systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is commonly assumed that solar hot water systems save energy and reduce greenhouse emissions relative to conventional fossil fuel-powered systems. Very rarely has the life-cycle greenhouse emissions (including the embodied greenhouse emissions of manufacture) of solar hot water systems been analysed. The extent to which solar hot water systems can reduce emissions compared with conventional systems can be shown through a comparative life-cycle greenhouse emissions analysis. This method determined the time it takes for these net greenhouse emissions savings to occur, or the 'emissions payback period'. This paper presents the results of a life-cycle greenhouse emissions analysis of solar hot water systems in comparison with conventional hot water systems for a southern (Melbourne) and a northern (Brisbane) Australian city. The life-cycle costs of these hot water systems were also analysed to determine the financial payback period. The fuel source and solar fraction determined the emissions resulting from the energy used for operating hot water systems. The solar systems provide net emissions savings compared with the conventional systems after 2.5-5 years in Melbourne and after 2.5 years in Brisbane, depending on the auxiliary fuel. The life-cycle cost analysis also revealed that the financial payback period for solar hot water systems is more than 10 years in Melbourne and around 10 years for an electric-boosted system in Brisbane. This suggests the need for greater subsidies to increase market take-up for solar systems, especially where electricity is the only available fuel. (author)

Crawford, R.H.; Treloar, G.J.; Ilozor, B.D. [Deakin University, Geelong (Australia). School of Architecture and Building; Love, P.E.D. [Edith Cowan University, Perth (Australia). School of Management Information Systems

2003-02-01

318

Sequence and comparative analysis of Leuconostoc dairy bacteriophages  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Bacteriophages attacking Leuconostoc species may significantly influence the quality of the final product. There is however limited knowledge of this group of phages in the literature. We have determined the complete genome sequences of nine Leuconostoc bacteriophages virulent to either Leuconostoc mesenteroides or Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides strains. The phages have dsDNA genomes with sizes ranging from 25.7 to 28.4kb. Comparative genomics analysis helped classify the 9 phages into two classes, which correlates with the host species. High percentage of similarity within the classes on both nucleotide and protein levels was observed. Genome comparison also revealed very high conservation of the overall genomic organization between the classes. The genes were organized in functional modules responsible for replication, packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis and regulation and modification, respectively. No lysogeny modules were detected. To our knowledge this report provides the first comparative genomic work done on Leuconostoc dairy phages.

Kot, Witold; Hansen, Lars Henrik

2014-01-01

319

CRITICAL FACTORS AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS THAT INFLUENCING THE REGISTRATION OF DOMAIN NAME  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Growth and increasing use worldwide domain is inconsistent with growth of world population. Although in terms of domain usage statistics across the world increased, but the distribution of the domain name registration unevenly between countries around the world. There are a number of users of the gap between the domain names countries around the world. The technologies domain name system (DNS, marketing strategic, domain names services and other factors such as economy in the country, culture, environment, educational, geographical location, political, internet activity trends and so on, are also influenced the use and registration of the domain name. Malaysia is also one of the countries categorized as a developing country that is still minimal use of domain names compared to the rate of population, consumer internet and social media. This paper also presents the comparative analysis is the item-by-item comparison critical factors that influence the registration of domain name. This paper shows how perspectives can be used for comparative analysis, summarizes a soundness proof for critical factors that influence the registration of domain name.

Norul Bahriyah Shaari

2014-03-01

320

Comparative transcriptome analysis of the metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens  

Science.gov (United States)

The metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens is an established model to study the adaptation of plants to metalliferous soils. Various comparators have been used in these studies. The choice of suitable comparators is important and depends on the hypothesis to be tested and methods to be used. In high-throughput analyses such as microarray, N. caerulescens has been compared to non-tolerant, non-accumulator plants like Arabidopsis thaliana or Thlaspi arvense rather than to the related hypertolerant or hyperaccumulator plants. An underutilized source is N. caerulescens populations with considerable variation in their capacity to accumulate and tolerate metals. Whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) is revealing interesting variation in their gene expression profiles. Combining physiological characteristics of N. caerulescens accessions with their RNA-Seq has a great potential to provide detailed insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms, including entirely new gene products. In this review we will critically consider comparative transcriptome analyses carried out to explore metal hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance of N. caerulescens, and demonstrate the potential of RNA-Seq analysis as a tool in evolutionary genomics.

Halimaa, Pauliina; Blande, Daniel; Aarts, Mark G. M.; Tuomainen, Marjo; Tervahauta, Arja; Karenlampi, Sirpa

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Establishing a framework for comparative analysis of genome sequences  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes a framework and a high-level language toolkit for comparative analysis of genome sequence alignment The framework integrates the information derived from multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree (hypothetical tree of evolution) to derive new properties about sequences. Multiple sequence alignments are treated as an abstract data type. Abstract operations have been described to manipulate a multiple sequence alignment and to derive mutation related information from a phylogenetic tree by superimposing parsimonious analysis. The framework has been applied on protein alignments to derive constrained columns (in a multiple sequence alignment) that exhibit evolutionary pressure to preserve a common property in a column despite mutation. A Prolog toolkit based on the framework has been implemented and demonstrated on alignments containing 3000 sequences and 3904 columns.

Bansal, A.K.

1995-06-01

322

Comparative Study of Reliability Analysis Methods for Discrete Bimodal Information  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution of a response usually depends on the distribution of a variable. When the distribution of a variable has two different modes, the response also follows a distribution with two different modes. In most reliability analysis methods, the number of modes is irrelevant, but not the type of distribution. However, in actual problems, because information is often provided with two or more modes, it is important to estimate the distributions with two or more modes. Recently, some reliability analysis methods have been suggested for bimodal distributions. In this paper, we review some methods such as the Akaike information criterion (Aic) and maximum entropy principle (Me) and compare them with the Monte Carlo simulation (MRCS) using mathematical examples with two different modes.

Lim, Woochul; Jang, Junyong; Lee, Taehee [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-15

323

Comparative Analysis of Methods and Tools for Nuclear Knowledge Preservation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication draws on the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on comparative analysis of methods and tools for knowledge preservation in nuclear organizations. The CRP was initiated by the IAEA in order to enhance the capacity of Member States to maintain and preserve the information and knowledge resources related to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The project participants explored methods and tools used to capture, interpret, analyse and disseminate data and information, as well as the knowledge ultimately derived from them. Furthermore, a survey tool on the current status of knowledge preservation in nuclear and supporting organizations was developed. The analysis of the survey served as a basis for the recommendations and conclusions on good practices in knowledge preservation. This publication represents the final report of the CRP. The reports of national organizations are presented on this CD-ROM.

2011-07-01

324

Systems design and comparative analysis of large antenna concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

Conceptual designs are evaluated and comparative analyses conducted for several large antenna spacecraft for Land Mobile Satellite System (LMSS) communications missions. Structural configurations include trusses, hoop and column and radial rib. The study was conducted using the Interactive Design and Evaluation of Advanced Spacecraft (IDEAS) system. The current capabilities, development status, and near-term plans for the IDEAS system are reviewed. Overall capabilities are highlighted. IDEAS is an integrated system of computer-aided design and analysis software used to rapidly evaluate system concepts and technology needs for future advanced spacecraft such as large antennas, platforms, and space stations. The system was developed at Langley to meet a need for rapid, cost-effective, labor-saving approaches to the design and analysis of numerous missions and total spacecraft system options under consideration. IDEAS consists of about 40 technical modules efficient executive, data-base and file management software, and interactive graphics display capabilities.

Garrett, L. B.; Ferebee, M. J., Jr.

1983-01-01

325

Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. We discuss topics including the analysis of the evolutionary forces shaping the size, structure and sequence of the genomes; the conservation of large-scale synteny across most of the genomes; the much lower extent of sequence orthology covering less than half of the genomes; the proportions of the genomes under selection; the number of protein-coding genes; the expansion of gene families related to reproduction and immunity; the evolution of proteins; and the identification of intraspecies polymorphism.

Waterston, Robert H.; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Birney, Ewan; Rogers, Jane; Abril, Josep F.; Agarwal, Pankaj; Agarwala, Richa; Ainscough, Rachel; Alexandersson, Marina; An, Peter; Antonarakis, Stylianos E.; Attwood, John; Baertsch, Robert; Bailey, Jonathon; Barlow, Karen; Beck, Stephan; Berry, Eric; Birren, Bruce; Bloom, Toby; Bork, Peer; Botcherby, Marc; Bray, Nicolas; Brent, Michael R.; Brown, Daniel G.; Brown, Stephen D.; Bult, Carol; Burton, John; Butler, Jonathan; Campbell, Robert D.; Carninci, Piero; Cawley, Simon; Chiaromonte, Francesca; Chinwalla, Asif T.; Church, Deanna M.; Clamp, Michele; Clee, Christopher; Collins, Francis S.; Cook, Lisa L.; Copley, Richard R.; Coulson, Alan; Couronne, Olivier; Cuff, James; Curwen, Val; Cutts, Tim; Daly, Mark; David, Robert; Davies, Joy; Delehaunty, Kimberly D.; Deri, Justin; Dermitzakis, Emmanouil T.; Dewey, Colin; Dickens, Nicholas J.; Diekhans, Mark; Dodge, Sheila; Dubchak, Inna; Dunn, Diane M.; Eddy, Sean R.; Elnitski, Laura; Emes, Richard D.; Eswara, Pallavi; Eyras, Eduardo; Felsenfeld, Adam; Fewell, Ginger A.; Flicek, Paul; Foley, Karen; Frankel, Wayne N.; Fulton, Lucinda A.; Fulton, Robert S.; Furey, Terrence S.; Gage, Diane; Gibbs, Richard A.; Glusman, Gustavo; Gnerre, Sante; Goldman, Nick; Goodstadt, Leo; Grafham, Darren; Graves, Tina A.; Green, Eric D.; Gregory, Simon; Guigo, Roderic; Guyer, Mark; Hardison, Ross C.; Haussler, David; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide; Hillier, LaDeana W.; Hinrichs, Angela; Hlavina, Wratko; Holzer, Timothy; Hsu, Fan; Hua, Axin; Hubbard, Tim; Hunt, Adrienne; Jackson, Ian; Jaffe, David B.; Johnson, L. Steven; Jones, Matthew; Jones, Thomas A.; Joy, Ann; Kamal, Michael; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Karolchik, Donna; Kasprzyk, Arkadiusz; Kawai, Jun; Keibler, Evan; Kells, Cristyn; Kent, W. James; Kirby, Andrew; Kolbe, Diana L.; Korf, Ian; Kucherlapati, Raju S.; Kulbokas III, Edward J.; Kulp, David; Landers, Tom; Leger, J.P.; Leonard, Steven; Letunic, Ivica; Levine, Rosie; et al.

2002-12-15

326

Performance Analysis and Evaluation of UWB Wireless Computer Network for Multi-users and Dynamic Channel Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ultra wideband (UWB technology has been widely used for wireless communication systems including long and short ranges. Wireless computer network is a short range communication system. The present study provides a detailed analysis and performance evaluation of an Ultra-Wideband wireless computer network in a dynamic environment. This includes multi-users state, various modulation schemes and different channel models. Time-Hopping multiple access technique (TH has been selected to evaluate the network performance in multi-users environment. In addition, three modulation techniques including Pulse Position Modulation (TH-PPM, Binary Phase Shift Keying (TH-BPSK and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM have been used in this analysis. Two types of channel models for each modulation scheme have been used to simulate dynamic environment. The channel models are CM1 (line-of-sight and/or CM3 (Non-line-of-sight along with AWGN (IEEE 802.15.3a. Simulation results show that performance of the local area wireless computer network is highly dependent on the channel environment, the maximum allowable number of active users and the receiver structure. Therefore, prior information of the channel model as well as maximum number of active users is required to optimize the desired performance of the wireless computer network for a specific receiver model.

Safa Saad Hussein

2013-01-01

327

Comparative thermodynamic analysis of dual cycle under alternative conditions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, finite-time thermodynamic analysis of an air-standard internal-combustion Dual cycle is performed. Maximum power (MP, maximum power density (MPD, maximum efficient power (MEP which are three alternative performance criteria are derived. The effects of the design parameters such as volume ratio and extreme temperature ratio of the cycle have been investigated under MP, MPD and MEP conditions. The analyzed results of air-standard internal-combustion Dual cycle showed the design parameters at maximum power (MP conditions and maximum efficient power (MEP conditions have a significant advantage compared to maximum power density (MPD criterion.

Atmaca Mustafa

2011-01-01

328

Comparative Analysis of Fare Collection System on Bus Operations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study presents a comparative analysis of fare collection systems for inter-city bus operation. One of the important issues in the bus scheduling model is stops of buses in the bus stations (called dwell time -where buses have to stop for boarding and alighting passengers in the bus station). This issue has a direct impact on increased travel time. Subsequently, increased travel time for one bus mission can cause delay in the loops of bus scheduling. This article describes a survey of far...

Hafezi, M. H.; Ismail, A.; Shariff, A. A.

2012-01-01

329

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to...

Stroe, Mihaela Andreea

2011-01-01

330

Comparative analysis of five protein-protein interaction corpora  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Growing interest in the application of natural language processing methods to biomedical text has led to an increasing number of corpora and methods targeting protein-protein interaction (PPI) extraction. However, there is no general consensus regarding PPI annotation and consequently resources are largely incompatible and methods are difficult to evaluate. Results We present the first comparative evaluation of the diverse PPI corpora, performing quantitative evaluation using two separate information extraction methods as well as detailed statistical and qualitative analyses of their properties. For the evaluation, we unify the corpus PPI annotations to a shared level of information, consisting of undirected, untyped binary interactions of non-static types with no identification of the words specifying the interaction, no negations, and no interaction certainty. We find that the F-score performance of a state-of-the-art PPI extraction method varies on average 19 percentage units and in some cases over 30 percentage units between the different evaluated corpora. The differences stemming from the choice of corpus can thus be substantially larger than differences between the performance of PPI extraction methods, which suggests definite limits on the ability to compare methods evaluated on different resources. We analyse a number of potential sources for these differences and identify factors explaining approximately half of the variance. We further suggest ways in which the difficulty of the PPI extraction tasks codified by different corpora can be determined to advance comparability. Our analysis also identifies points of agreement and disagreement in PPI corpus annotation that are rarely explicitly stated by the authors of the corpora. Conclusions Our comparative analysis uncovers key similarities and differences between the diverse PPI corpora, thus taking an important step towards standardization. In the course of this study we have created a major practical contribution in converting the corpora into a shared format. The conversion software is freely available at .

Pyysalo, Sampo; Airola, Antti; Heimonen, Juho; Bjorne, Jari; Ginter, Filip; Salakoski, Tapio

2008-01-01

331

HYDRA-II: A hydrothermal analysis computer code: Volume 2, User's manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

HYDRA-II is a hydrothermal computer code capable of three-dimensional analysis of coupled conduction, convection, and thermal radiation problems. This code is especially appropriate for simulating the steady-state performance of spent fuel storage systems. The code has been evaluated for this application for the US Department of Energy's Commercial Spent Fuel Management Program. HYDRA-II provides a finite-difference solution in cartesian coordinates to the equations governing the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. A cylindrical coordinate system may also be used to enclose the cartesian coordinate system. This exterior coordinate system is useful for modeling cylindrical cask bodies. The difference equations for conservation of momentum incorporate directional porosities and permeabilities that are available to model solid structures whose dimensions may be smaller than the computational mesh. The equation for conservation of energy permits modeling of orthotropic physical properties and film resistances. Several automated methods are available to model radiation transfer within enclosures and from fuel rod to fuel rod. The documentation of HYDRA-II is presented in three separate volumes. Volume 1 - Equations and Numerics describes the basic differential equations, illustrates how the difference equations are formulated, and gives the solution procedures employed. This volume, Volume 2 - User's Manual, contains code flow charts, discusses the code structure, provides detailed instructions for preparing an input file, and illustrates the operation of the code by means of a sample problem. The final volume, Volume 3 - Verification/Validation Assessments, provides a comparison between the analytical solution and the numerical simulation for problems with a known solution. 6 refs.

McCann, R.A.; Lowery, P.S.; Lessor, D.L.

1987-09-01

332

HYDRA-II: A hydrothermal analysis computer code: Volume 2, User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

HYDRA-II is a hydrothermal computer code capable of three-dimensional analysis of coupled conduction, convection, and thermal radiation problems. This code is especially appropriate for simulating the steady-state performance of spent fuel storage systems. The code has been evaluated for this application for the US Department of Energy's Commercial Spent Fuel Management Program. HYDRA-II provides a finite-difference solution in cartesian coordinates to the equations governing the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. A cylindrical coordinate system may also be used to enclose the cartesian coordinate system. This exterior coordinate system is useful for modeling cylindrical cask bodies. The difference equations for conservation of momentum incorporate directional porosities and permeabilities that are available to model solid structures whose dimensions may be smaller than the computational mesh. The equation for conservation of energy permits modeling of orthotropic physical properties and film resistances. Several automated methods are available to model radiation transfer within enclosures and from fuel rod to fuel rod. The documentation of HYDRA-II is presented in three separate volumes. Volume 1 - Equations and Numerics describes the basic differential equations, illustrates how the difference equations are formulated, and gives the solution procedures employed. This volume, Volume 2 - User's Manual, contains code flow charts, discusses the code structure, provides detailed instructions for preparing an input file, and illustrates the operation of the code by means of a sample problem. The final volume, Volume 3 - Verification/Validation Assessments, provides a comparison between the analytical solution and the numerical simulation for problems with a known solution. 6 refs

1987-01-01

333

CGAT: a comparative genome analysis tool for visualizing alignments in the analysis of complex evolutionary changes between closely related genomes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The recent accumulation of closely related genomic sequences provides a valuable resource for the elucidation of the evolutionary histories of various organisms. However, although numerous alignment calculation and visualization tools have been developed to date, the analysis of complex genomic changes, such as large insertions, deletions, inversions, translocations and duplications, still presents certain difficulties. Results We have developed a comparative genome analysis tool, named CGAT, which allows detailed comparisons of closely related bacteria-sized genomes mainly through visualizing middle-to-large-scale changes to infer underlying mechanisms. CGAT displays precomputed pairwise genome alignments on both dotplot and alignment viewers with scrolling and zooming functions, and allows users to move along the pre-identified orthologous alignments. Users can place several types of information on this alignment, such as the presence of tandem repeats or interspersed repetitive sequences and changes in G+C contents or codon usage bias, thereby facilitating the interpretation of the observed genomic changes. In addition to displaying precomputed alignments, the viewer can dynamically calculate the alignments between specified regions; this feature is especially useful for examining the alignment boundaries, as these boundaries are often obscure and can vary between programs. Besides the alignment browser functionalities, CGAT also contains an alignment data construction module, which contains various procedures that are commonly used for pre- and post-processing for large-scale alignment calculation, such as the split-and-merge protocol for calculating long alignments, chaining adjacent alignments, and ortholog identification. Indeed, CGAT provides a general framework for the calculation of genome-scale alignments using various existing programs as alignment engines, which allows users to compare the outputs of different alignment programs. Earlier versions of this program have been used successfully in our research to infer the evolutionary history of apparently complex genome changes between closely related eubacteria and archaea. Conclusion CGAT is a practical tool for analyzing complex genomic changes between closely related genomes using existing alignment programs and other sequence analysis tools combined with extensive manual inspection.

Kobayashi Ichizo

2006-10-01

334

A User-Centred Design and Evaluation of IR Interfaces  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a user-centred design and evaluation methodology for ensuring the usability of IR interfaces. The methodology is based on sequentially performing: a competitive analysis, user task analysis, heuristic evaluation, formative evaluation and a summative comparative evaluation. These techniques are described, and their application…

Ahmed, S. M. Zabed; McKnight, Cliff; Oppenheim, Charles

2006-01-01

335

[Specialized software product for comparative analysis of multicomponent DNA fingerprints].  

Science.gov (United States)

"GelAnalyzer" software, which is used to identify and correctly compare DNA fingerprints consisting of a large number of discrete bands, has been developed by the project to study the quantitative changes in DNA polymorphism patterns in animals and humans exposed to gamma radiation. The actual capabilities of this program are much broader and include the possibility to analyze the images of any multicomponent gels containing fragments of DNA, RNA, and proteins. This software product runs on Windows. "GelAnalyzer" allows one to analyze gel images obtained by a scanner, camera, or digital camera and ensures the visual control of the identification and comparative analysis of bands; it also makes it possible to take into account the bands that are poorly identified automatically and exclude the artifacts (incidental marks) on images. The operation of "GelAnalyzer" software is based on the determination of the values of normalized coordinates of bands with allowance for the relative electrophoretic mobility (Rf) of PCR products and comparison of their spectra (set of bands in gel lanes) to reveal the similarities or differences in their components with subsequent statistical data processing and display the results of the analysis. PMID:23866630

Skosyrev, V S; Vasil'eva, G V; Lomaeva, M G; Malakhova, L V; Antipova, V N; Bezlepkin, V G

2013-04-01

336

Thermal buckling comparative analysis using Different FE (Finite Element) tools  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

High operational temperature and pressure in offshore pipelines may lead to unexpected lateral movements, sometimes call lateral buckling, which can have serious consequences for the integrity of the pipeline. The phenomenon of lateral buckling in offshore pipelines needs to be analysed in the design phase using FEM. The analysis should take into account many parameters, including operational temperature and pressure, fluid characteristic, seabed profile, soil parameters, coatings of the pipe, free spans etc. The buckling initiation force is sensitive to small changes of any initial geometric out-of-straightness, thus the modeling of the as-laid state of the pipeline is an important part of the design process. Recently some dedicated finite elements programs have been created making modeling of the offshore environment more convenient that has been the case with the use of general purpose finite element software. The present paper aims to compare thermal buckling analysis of sub sea pipeline performed using different finite elements tools, i.e. general purpose programs (ANSYS, ABAQUS) and dedicated software (SAGE Profile 3D) for a single pipeline resting on an the seabed. The analyses considered the pipeline resting on a flat seabed with a small levels of out-of straightness initiating the lateral buckling. The results show the quite good agreement of results of buckling in elastic range and in the conclusions next comparative analyses with sensitivity cases are recommended. (author)

Banasiak, Waldemar; Labouriau, Pedro [INTECSEA do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Burnett, Christopher [INTECSEA UK, Surrey (United Kingdom); Falepin, Hendrik [Fugro Engineers SA/NV, Brussels (Belgium)

2009-12-19

337

Comparative analysis of satisfaction in hospital treatment among cardiological patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate satisfaction in hospital treatment among cardiological patients and to compare the received data with results of the program Massachusetts Health Quality Partners (MHQP Statewide Patient Survey, which is noted for high representation of the data (analysis of 12680 patient questionnaires obtained from 51 medical institutions of the state of Massachusetts.Material ?nd methods. Questioning of patients in internal medicine clinic was carried out. We used Picker Institute questions, the same questionnaire which was used in program MHQP.Results. 376 patients took part in questioning. Preferences of cardiological patients did not differ from preferences of other therapeutic patients. On such criteria as respect for a patient, organization of treatment, rendering the information and physical comfort, satisfaction of our and American patients is quite comparable. Estimation of emotional support is somewhat lower at domestic patients. Involvement of a family to the treatment process is not sufficient both in our clinic, and in the American hospitals. All the patients were mostly unsatisfied in the process of discharge.Conclusion. The estimations of hospital treatment made by patients from clinics of different countries are similar very much. The process of discharge has got the lowest estimation by the surveyed patients. The form of final conversation and its environment require further analysis and correction.

Y.G. Shvarts

2007-01-01

338

A user's manual for the program TRES4: Random vibration analysis of vertical-axis wind turbines in turbulent winds  

Science.gov (United States)

TRES4 is a software package that works with the MSC/NASTRAN finite element analysis code to conduct random vibration analysis of vertical-axis wind turbines. The loads on the turbine are calculated in the time domain to retain the nonlinearities of stalled aerodynamic loadings. The loads are transformed into modal coordinates to reduce the number of degrees of freedom. Power spectra and cross spectra of the loads are calculated in the modal coordinate system. These loads are written in NASTRAN Bulk Data format to be read and applied in a random vibration analysis by NASTRAN. The resulting response is then transformed back to physical coordinates to facilitate user interpretation.

1994-03-01

339

Massive comparative genomic analysis reveals convergent evolution of specialized bacteria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Genome size and gene content in bacteria are associated with their lifestyles. Obligate intracellular bacteria (i.e., mutualists and parasites have small genomes that derived from larger free-living bacterial ancestors; however, the different steps of bacterial specialization from free-living to intracellular lifestyle have not been studied comprehensively. The growing number of available sequenced genomes makes it possible to perform a statistical comparative analysis of 317 genomes from bacteria with different lifestyles. Results Compared to free-living bacteria, host-dependent bacteria exhibit fewer rRNA genes, more split rRNA operons and fewer transcriptional regulators, linked to slower growth rates. We found a function-dependent and non-random loss of the same 100 orthologous genes in all obligate intracellular bacteria. Thus, we showed that obligate intracellular bacteria from different phyla are converging according to their lifestyle. Their specialization is an irreversible phenomenon characterized by translation modification and massive gene loss, including the loss of transcriptional regulators. Although both mutualists and parasites converge by genome reduction, these obligate intracellular bacteria have lost distinct sets of genes in the context of their specific host associations: mutualists have significantly more genes that enable nutrient provisioning whereas parasites have genes that encode Types II, IV, and VI secretion pathways. Conclusion Our findings suggest that gene loss, rather than acquisition of virulence factors, has been a driving force in the adaptation of parasites to eukaryotic cells. This comparative genomic analysis helps to explore the strategies by which obligate intracellular genomes specialize to particular host-associations and contributes to advance our knowledge about the mechanisms of bacterial evolution. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Eugene V. Koonin, Nicolas Galtier, and Jeremy Selengut.

Raoult Didier

2009-04-01

340

Comparative analysis of EPA cost-benefit methodologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In recent years, reforming the regulatory process has received much attention from diverse groups such as environmentalists, the government, and industry. A cost-benefit analysis can be a useful way to organize and compare the favorable and unfavorable impacts a proposed action night have on society. Since 1981, two Executive Orders have required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory agencies to perform cost-benefit analyses in support of regulatory decision making. At the EPA, a cost-benefit analysis is published as a document called a regulatory impact analysis (RIA). This report reviews cost-benefit methodologies used by three EPA program offices: Office of Air and Radiation, Office of Solid Waste, and Office of Water. These offices were chosen because they promulgate regulations that affect the policies of this study`s sponsor (U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy) and the technologies it uses. The study was conducted by reviewing 11 RIAs recently published by the three offices and by interviewing staff members in the offices. To draw conclusions about the EPA cost-benefit methodologies, their components were compared with those of a standard methodology (i.e., those that should be included in a comprehensive cost-benefit methodology). This study focused on the consistency of the approaches as well as their strengths and weaknesses, since differences in the cost-benefit methodologies themselves or in their application can cause confusion and preclude consistent comparison of regulations both within and among program offices.

Poch, L.; Gillette, J.; Veil, J.

1998-05-01

 
 
 
 
341

In silico comparative genomic analysis of GABAA receptor transcriptional regulation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Subtypes of the GABAA receptor subunit exhibit diverse temporal and spatial expression patterns. In silico comparative analysis was used to predict transcriptional regulatory features in individual mammalian GABAA receptor subunit genes, and to identify potential transcriptional regulatory components involved in the coordinate regulation of the GABAA receptor gene clusters. Results Previously unreported putative promoters were identified for the ?2, ?1, ?3, ?, ? and ? subunit genes. Putative core elements and proximal transcriptional factors were identified within these predicted promoters, and within the experimentally determined promoters of other subunit genes. Conserved intergenic regions of sequence in the mammalian GABAA receptor gene cluster comprising the ?1, ?2, ?2 and ?6 subunits were identified as potential long range transcriptional regulatory components involved in the coordinate regulation of these genes. A region of predicted DNase I hypersensitive sites within the cluster may contain transcriptional regulatory features coordinating gene expression. A novel model is proposed for the coordinate control of the gene cluster and parallel expression of the ?1 and ?2 subunits, based upon the selective action of putative Scaffold/Matrix Attachment Regions (S/MARs. Conclusion The putative regulatory features identified by genomic analysis of GABAA receptor genes were substantiated by cross-species comparative analysis and now require experimental verification. The proposed model for the coordinate regulation of genes in the cluster accounts for the head-to-head orientation and parallel expression of the ?1 and ?2 subunit genes, and for the disruption of transcription caused by insertion of a neomycin gene in the close vicinity of the ?6 gene, which is proximal to a putative critical S/MAR.

Joyce Christopher J

2007-06-01

342

Texture analysis of multiple sclerosis: a comparative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The difficulty of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to support early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) stems from the subtle pathological changes in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, texture analysis was performed on MR images of MS patients and normal controls and a combined set of texture features were explored in order to better discriminate tissues between MS lesions, normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and normal white matter (NWM). Features were extracted from gradient matrix, run-length (RL) matrix, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), autoregressive (AR) model and wavelet analysis, and were selected based on greatest difference between different tissue types. The results of the combined set of texture features were compared with our previous results of GLCM-based features alone. The results of this study demonstrated that (1) with the combined set of texture features, classification was perfect (100%) between MS lesions and NAWM (or NWM), less successful (88.89%) among the three tissue types and worst (58.33%) between NAWM and NWM; (2) compared with GLCM-based features, the combined set of texture features were better at discriminating MS lesions and NWM, equally good at discriminating MS lesions and NAWM and at all three tissue types, but less effective in classification between NAWM and NWM. This study suggested that texture analysis with the combined set of texture features may be equally good or more advantageous than the commonly used GLCM-based features alone in discriminating MS lesions and NWM/NAWM and in supporting early diagnosis of MS. PMID:18513908

Zhang, Jing; Tong, Longzheng; Wang, Lei; Li, Ning

2008-10-01

343

Mycobacterial species as case-study of comparative genome analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The genus Mycobacterium represents more than 120 species including important pathogens of human and cause major public health problems and illnesses. Further, with more than 100 genome sequences from this genus, comparative genome analysis can provide new insights for better understanding the evolutionary events of these species and improving drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics tools for controlling Mycobacterial diseases. In this present study we aim to outline a comparative genome analysis of fourteen Mycobacterial genomes: M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis Kâ??10, M. bovis AF2122/97, M. bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2, M. leprae Br4923, M. marinum M, M. sp. KMS, M. sp. MCS, M. tuberculosis CDC1551, M. tuberculosis F11, M. tuberculosis H37Ra, M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis KZN 1435 , M. ulcerans Agy99,and M. vanbaalenii PYRâ??1, For this purpose a comparison has been done based on their length of genomes, GC content, number of genes in different data bases (Genbank, Refseq, and Prodigal). The BLAST matrix of these genomes has been figured to give a lot of information about the similarity between species in a simple scheme. As a result of multiple genome analysis, the pan and core genome have been defined for twelve Mycobacterial species. We have also introduced the genome atlas of the reference strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv which can give a good overview of this genome. And for examining the phylogenetic relationships among these bacteria, a phylogenic tree has been constructed from 16S rRNA gene for tuberculosis and non tuberculosis Mycobacteria to understand the evolutionary events of these species.

Zakham, F.; Belayachi, L.

2011-01-01

344

Comparative QTL analysis and its application to cereal breeding  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Following the construction of comprehensive genetic maps for almost all the major crop species, application of marker assisted selection can become a major tool in plant breeding. However, successful application of this approach requires that a portfolio of the tagged genes that control the traits of interest be established within each individual species. Since many of the important agronomic traits are quantitative in nature, this first requires the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) using established and new statistical approaches. However, QTL analysis can now be considered in a wider context, since the great advantage of molecular markers over conventional markers is that DNA probes hybridize across crosses within the same species, across genomes within polyploid species, and frequently across independent genomes of taxonomically related species. Thus, comparative genetic analysis allows a new approach to gene location, provides new insights into gene action and gives breeders access to a wider spectrum of genes. Two major uses of comparative mapping approaches to map QTL within and between cereal genomes are discussed. First, it is shown that within many polyploid and genome duplicated species the homology of marker loci and the collinearity of maps allow QTL locations in one genome to be extrapolated to another, for example, in bread wheat and maize. Second, it is shown that genetic analysis in one species can be indicative of the presence of homologous genes in another species and that hitherto undetected genes in a related species can be identified. Examples from studies of the QTL that control grain quality in wheat, and adaptation and responses to abiotic stress, in particular low temperatures, in wheat and barley, are presented. (author). 15 refs, 3 figs, 1 tab

1995-11-01

345

Comparative analysis of interactions of RASSF1-10.  

Science.gov (United States)

Members of the RASSF family (RASSF1-10) have been identified as candidate tumour suppressors that are frequently downregulated by promoter hypermethylation in cancers. These proteins carry a common Ras-association (RA) and SARAH domain (RASSF1-6) that can potentially bind Ras oncoproteins and mediate protein-protein interactions with other SARAH domain proteins. However, there is a notable lack of comparative characterisation of the RASSF family, as well as molecular and structural information that facilitate their tumour suppressive functions. As part of our comparative analysis, we modelled the RA and SARAH domains of the RASSF members based on existing structures and predicted their potential interactions. These in silico predictions were compared to in vitro interaction studies with Ras and MST kinase (a SARAH domain-containing protein). Our data shows a diversity of interaction within the RASSF family RA domain, whereas the SARAH domain-mediated interactions for RASSF1-6 are consistent with the predictions. This suggests that different members, despite shared general architecture, could have distinct functional properties. Additionally, we identify a new interacting partner for MST kinase in the form of RASSF7. Current data supports an interaction model where RASSF serves as an adaptor for the assembly of multiple protein complexes and further functional interactions, involving MST kinases and other SARAH domain proteins, which could be regulated by Ras. PMID:23357313

Chan, Jia Jia; Flatters, Delphine; Rodrigues-Lima, Fernando; Yan, Jun; Thalassinos, Konstantinos; Katan, Matilda

2013-05-01

346

Being Old Doesn't Mean Acting Old: How Older Users Interact with Spoken Dialogue System.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Most studies on adapting voice interfaces to older users work top-down by comparing the interaction behavior of older and younger users. In contrast, we present a bottom-up approach. A statistical cluster analysis of 447 appointment scheduling dialogs between 50 older and younger users and 9 simulated spoken dialog systems revealed two main user groups, a “social” group and a “factual” group. “Factual” users adapted quickly to the systems and interacted efficiently with them. “S...

Wolters, Maria K.; Georgila, Kallirroi; Moore, Johanna D.; Macpherson, Sarah E.

2009-01-01

347

Multiple comparative studies of Green Supply Chain Management : Pressures analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Environmental sustainability is of great concern among world organizations and enterprises due to recent trends in global warming. Many developed nations have put in place stricter environmental regulations. Industries in such nations have established full-fledged systems to adopt environment friendly operation strategies to lower their overall carbon footprint. Currently, there is increased awareness among customers even in developing countries about eco friendly manufacturing solutions. Multi-national firms have identified economies of developed nations as a potential market for their products. Such organizations in developing countries like India and China are under pressure to adopt green concepts in supply chain operations to compete in the market and satisfy their customers' increasing needs. This paper offers a comparative study of pressures that impact the adoption of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). Thirty two pressures are identified from extensive literature reviews and they are classified into five distinct groups based on their similarities. A detailed questionnaire is prepared and circulated among industries in various sectors. Industries were requested through this survey to rate the impact of each pressure. Two independent hypotheses were formulated from literature to test the nature of impact and the differences affecting Indian industries. Statistical data analysis through one-way single factor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), followed by pair-wise comparison of means using Tukey's test was used. The analysis was performed for different sectors and different scales of production categories. The results and their implications are also discussed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Xu, Lihui; Mathiyazhagan, K.

2013-01-01

348

SCANS (Shipping Cask ANalysis System) a microcomputer-based analysis system for shipping cask design review: User`s manual to Version 3a. Volume 1, Revision 2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

SCANS (Shipping Cask ANalysis System) is a microcomputer-based system of computer programs and databases developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for evaluating safety analysis reports on spent fuel shipping casks. SCANS is an easy-to-use system that calculates the global response to impact loads, pressure loads and thermal conditions, providing reviewers with an independent check on analyses submitted by licensees. SCANS is based on microcomputers compatible with the IBM-PC family of computers. The system is composed of a series of menus, input programs, cask analysis programs, and output display programs. All data is entered through fill-in-the-blank input screens that contain descriptive data requests. Analysis options are based on regulatory cases described in the Code of Federal Regulations 10 CFR 71 and Regulatory Guides published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1977 and 1978.

Mok, G.C.; Thomas, G.R.; Gerhard, M.A.; Trummer, D.J.; Johnson, G.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1998-03-01

349

Power Quality Analysis of Photovoltaic Generation Integrated in User-Side Grid  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes impacts of grid-connected photovoltaic power plant on the harmonic current in the power quality aspect of distribution network, Summaries the requirement of harmonic current injecting in grid caused by photovoltaic power plant which connected in user side. Based on the DIgSILENT PowerFactory simulation platform, this paper simulates harmonic current injecting into grid in one case of grid-connected photovoltaic generation and then analyzes it by build models of photovoltaic generation and power grid belonged the user. The result illustrated that the harmonic current caused by user side grid connected photovoltaic generation injecting into grid satisfies standards requirements, the photovoltaic generation system should have 400kvar reactive power regulation capability.

Zhou Chang

2013-04-01

350

An analysis of the information behaviors, goals, and intentions of frequent Internet users: Findings from online activity diaries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using a method that combines the Experience Sampling Method (Kubey, et al., 1996) and the diary survey method, we surveyed frequent Internet users about their online activities, along with their interest, confidence, and satisfaction in regard to these activities. A link to an online survey was sent to respondents five times a day for three consecutive days. The results reported here are based on 2,656 diary forms submitted by 417 respondents. Through inductive analysis of respondents’ ...

St Jean, Beth University Of Maryland; Rieh, Soo Young School Of Information; Kim, Yong-mi Center For Technology; Yang, Ji Yeon School Of Information

2012-01-01

351

PALETTE: User Centred Description of PALETTE tools and services and first analysis of usability  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present deliverable aims at providing any CoP member, CoP animator or CoP mediator with the most complete view of the PALETTE tools and services. It gives a voice to the developer, the educationalist, the ergonomist and of course the user to explain how they consider them. So, it suggests use cases, scenarios but also shows to the reader where are the obstacles of use (with the aim of avoiding a too quick discouragement on his/her part) and it provides real users’ testimonies.

2006-01-01

352

Comparative Genomics and Transcriptomic Analysis of Mycobacterium Kansasii  

The group of Mycobacteria is one of the most intensively studied bacterial taxa, as they cause the two historical and worldwide known diseases: leprosy and tuberculosis. Mycobacteria not identified as tuberculosis or leprosy complex, have been referred to by ‘environmental mycobacteria’ or ‘Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Mycobacterium kansasii (M. kansasii) is one of the most frequent NTM pathogens, as it causes pulmonary disease in immuno-competent patients and pulmonary, and disseminated disease in patients with various immuno-deficiencies. There have been five documented subtypes of this bacterium, by different molecular typing methods, showing that type I causes tuberculosis-like disease in healthy individuals, and type II in immune-compromised individuals. The remaining types are said to be environmental, thereby, not causing any diseases. The aim of this project was to conduct a comparative genomic study of M. kansasii types I-V and investigating the gene expression level of those types. From various comparative genomics analysis, provided genomics evidence on why M. kansasii type I is considered pathogenic, by focusing on three key elements that are involved in virulence of Mycobacteria: ESX secretion system, Phospholipase c (plcb) and Mammalian cell entry (Mce) operons. The results showed the lack of the espA operon in types II-V, which renders the ESX- 1 operon dysfunctional, as espA is one of the key factors that control this secretion system. However, gene expression analysis showed this operon to be deleted in types II, III and IV. Furthermore, plcB was found to be truncated in types III and IV. Analysis of Mce operons (1-4) show that mce-1 operon is duplicated, mce-2 is absent and mce-3 and mce-4 is present in one copy in M. kansasii types I-V. Gene expression profiles of type I-IV, showed that the secreted proteins of ESX-1 were slightly upregulated in types II-IV when compared to type I and the secreted forms of ESX-5 were highly down regulated in the same types. Differentially expressed genes in types II-IV were also evaluated and validated by qPCR for selected genes. This study gave a general view of the genome of this bacterium and its types, highlighted some different aspects of its subtypes and supplemented by gene expression data.

Alzahid, Yara

2014-04-01

353

Large-System Analysis of Multiuser Detection with an Unknown Number of Users: A High-SNR Approach  

CERN Document Server

We analyze multiuser detection under the assumption that the number of users accessing the channel is unknown by the receiver. In this environment, users' activity must be estimated along with any other parameters such as data, power, and location. Our main goal is to determine the performance loss caused by the need for estimating the identities of active users, which are not known a priori. To prevent a loss of optimality, we assume that identities and data are estimated jointly, rather than in two separate steps. We examine the performance of multiuser detectors when the number of potential users is large. Statistical-physics methodologies are used to determine the macroscopic performance of the detector in terms of its multiuser efficiency. Special attention is paid to the fixed-point equation whose solution yields the multiuser efficiency of the optimal (maximum a posteriori) detector in the large signal-to-noise ratio regime. Our analysis yields closed-form approximate bounds to the minimum mean-squared...

Campo, Adrià Tauste; Biglieri, Ezio

2010-01-01

354

Comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in photosynthetic eukaryotes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Kinesins, a superfamily of molecular motors, use microtubules as tracks and transport diverse cellular cargoes. All kinesins contain a highly conserved ~350 amino acid motor domain. Previous analysis of the completed genome sequence of one flowering plant (Arabidopsis has resulted in identification of 61 kinesins. The recent completion of genome sequencing of several photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic eukaryotes that belong to divergent lineages offers a unique opportunity to conduct a comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in plant and non-plant systems and infer their evolutionary relationships. Results We used the kinesin motor domain to identify kinesins in the completed genome sequences of 19 species, including 13 newly sequenced genomes. Among the newly analyzed genomes, six represent photosynthetic eukaryotes. A total of 529 kinesins was used to perform comprehensive analysis of kinesins and to construct gene trees using the Bayesian and parsimony approaches. The previously recognized 14 families of kinesins are resolved as distinct lineages in our inferred gene tree. At least three of the 14 kinesin families are not represented in flowering plants. Chlamydomonas, a green alga that is part of the lineage that includes land plants, has at least nine of the 14 known kinesin families. Seven of ten families present in flowering plants are represented in Chlamydomonas, indicating that these families were retained in both the flowering-plant and green algae lineages. Conclusion The increase in the number of kinesins in flowering plants is due to vast expansion of the Kinesin-14 and Kinesin-7 families. The Kinesin-14 family, which typically contains a C-terminal motor, has many plant kinesins that have the motor domain at the N terminus, in the middle, or the C terminus. Several domains in kinesins are present exclusively either in plant or animal lineages. Addition of novel domains to kinesins in lineage-specific groups contributed to the functional diversification of kinesins. Results from our gene-tree analyses indicate that there was tremendous lineage-specific duplication and diversification of kinesins in eukaryotes. Since the functions of only a few plant kinesins are reported in the literature, this comprehensive comparative analysis will be useful in designing functional studies with photosynthetic eukaryotes.

Reddy Anireddy SN

2006-01-01

355

Comparative Evaluation and Analysis of IAX and RSW  

CERN Multimedia

Voice over IP (VoIP) is a technology to transport media over IP networks such as the Internet. VoIP has the capability of connecting people over packet switched networks instead of traditional circuit switched networks. Recently, the InterAsterisk Exchange Protocol (IAX) has emerged as a new VoIP which is gaining popularity among VoIP products. IAX is known for its simplicity, NAT friendliness, efficiency, and robustness. More recently, the Real time Switching (RSW) control criterion has emerged as a multimedia conferencing protocol. In this paper, we made a comparative evaluation and analysis of IAX and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS) and found that they both perform well under different network packet delays in ms.

Kolhar, Manjur S; Abouabdalla, Omar; Wan, Tat Chee; Manasrah, Ahmad M

2010-01-01

356

Comparative analysis of environmental impact of fast reactor fuel cycles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is an increasing interest in the development of processes for separation of minor actinides from the fission products and their elimination through transmutation. Fast reactor systems have certain advantages over thermal reactors in achieving this and the overall success is influenced by the choice of the fuel cycle. A comparative analysis of the different options is attempted in this paper taking into account long term waste management, extraction of maximum fuel value and intercompatability among the different fuel cycles. It is considered more appropriate that, from the long term environmental point of view, the choice of the fuel, core design and fuel cycle technology based on considerations of ultimate disposition of radioactive wastes. The integrated metal fuel cycle employing the pyroprocess flow sheet and the associated waste processing schemes emerges as a more attractive option in this context. (author).

Saha, B.; Sundararajan, A.R.; Krishnan, L.V. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (India)

1995-12-31

357

Thermoeconomic comparative analysis of different process of cement production  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This work presents the results of a comparative exergetic and thermoeconomic analysis among four distinct processes of clinker production in cement industry: wet process in long rotary kiln, Lepol kiln, dry process with rotary kiln provided with suspension preheater and rotary kiln with preheater and pre-calciner. All the stages of production are considered, and their exergetic efficiency evaluated. Starting from the exergetic cost of each one of the flows in the process, the monetary cost of the exergy used is calculated for different situations. The influence in the costs of the class of tariff of electric energy practised in Brazil and a variation in the cost of the fuel is taken into account. 13 refs, 4 figs, 7 tabs

Silva, R.J. da [Escola Federal de Engenharia de Itajuba, MG (Brazil); Nebra, S.A. [State Univ. of Campinas, SP (Brazil). Energy Dept.

1996-11-01

358

Compare containment subcompartment analysis code evaluation. [PWR; BWR  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Nuclear power plant subcompartment analyses are required to determine the containment pressure distribution that might result from a loss-of-coolant accident. The pressure distribution is used to calculate structural and mechanical design loads. The COMPARE code is used widely to perform subcompartment analysis. However, several simplifying assumptions are utilized to facilitate solution of the complex transient, two-phase, multidimensional flow problem. In particular, it is assumed that the flow is homogeneous, in thermodynamic equilibrium, and one-dimensional. In this study, these assumptions are evaluated by performing simplified transport and relaxation analyses. This results in definition of (a) geometric features and early-time periods that produce significant deviations from reality and (b) specific areas that require further study.

Gido, R.G.; Koestel, A.

1982-01-01

359

Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary condition. The paper first develops three sets of competing explanatory variables that potentially can explain variations in the judicial independence of ICs. The causal effects of these explanatory variables upon variance in judicial independence are investigated in a comparative analysis of the ACJ, ECJ, ECtHR and IACHR. It is found that the threat of governmental noncompliance and the strength of the constituency possessed by an IC have the most explanatory power, although there is still a significant residual that can only be explained by looking at factors relating to judicial choices and agency.

Beach, Derek

360

Comparative Analysis of Agriculture Industrialization: Hebei Province and Shandong Province  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hebei Province and Shandong Province are the neighbors with many common points as well as different points.Both of them are the big agricultural provinces and make lots of measures to push the agricultureindustrialization which is seemed as the matchmaker of farmers and markets and can push the industrialrestructuring in rural area and can improve the income of farmers. However after years of development there is awide difference between the two Provinces in the field of agriculture industrialization. This paper is going tomake a comparative analysis of agriculture industrialization between the two provinces. Then try to find theweakness of agriculture industrialization in Hebei Province and finally find the policies to narrow the differenceand push the agriculture industrialization in Hebei Province.

Yanfang Wang

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
361

Comparative Analysis of Fare Collection System on Bus Operations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study presents a comparative analysis of fare collection systems for inter-city bus operation. One of the important issues in the bus scheduling model is stops of buses in the bus stations (called dwell time -where buses have to stop for boarding and alighting passengers in the bus station. This issue has a direct impact on increased travel time. Subsequently, increased travel time for one bus mission can cause delay in the loops of bus scheduling. This article describes a survey of fare collection systems for bus operations, covering two fare collection systems: paying cash and using the touch-n-go card. We studied this issue in a real case inter-city bus operation. It has been highlighted that a fare collection system using the touch-n-go card has higher efficiency than other the cash method in relation to reducing dwell time of buses in the bus station.

M.H. Hafezi

2012-01-01

362

Comparative analysis of heat transfer correlations for forced convection boiling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A critical survey was conducted of the most relevant correlations of boiling heat transfer in forced convection flow. Most of the investigations carried out on partial nucleate boiling and fully developed nucleate boiling have led to the formulation of correlations that are not able to cover a wide range of operating conditions, due to the empirical approach of the problem. A comparative analysis is therefore required in order to delineate the relative accuracy of the proposed correlations, on the basis of the experimental data presently available. The survey performed allows the evaluation of the accuracy of the different calculating procedure; the results obtained, moreover, indicate the most reliable heat transfer correlations for the different operating conditions investigated. This survey was developed for five pressure range (up to 180bar) and for both saturation and subcooled boiling condition

1978-01-01

363

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to render an economic model and its statistics components. VAT is a value added tax which appeared about 50 years, initially with two purposes: one to replace certain indirect taxes, and another to reduce the budget deficit according to the faith of that time. The first country that has adopted this model was France, calling it today as value-added tax.

MIHAELA ANDREEA STROE

2011-04-01

364

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to render an economic model and its statistics components. VAT is a value added tax which appeared about 50 years, initially with two purposes: one to replace certain indirect taxes, and another to reduce the budget deficit according to the faith of that time. The first country that has adopted this model was France, calling it today as value-added tax.

Mihaela Andreea STROE

2011-08-01

365

Cardiovascular disease research in Latin America: A comparative bibliometric analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the number of publications in cardiovascular disease (CVD in Latin America and the Caribbean over the last decade. METHODS: We performed a bibliometric analysis in PubMed from 2001 to 2010 for Latin America and the Caribbean, the United States, Canada, Europe, China, and India. RESULTS: Latin America published 4% of articles compared with 26% from the United States/Canada and 42% from Europe. In CVD, Latin America published 4% of articles vs 23% from the United States/Canada and 40% from Europe. The number of publications in CVD in Latin America increased from 41 in 2001 to 726 in 2010. CONCLUSION: Latin America, while publishing more articles than previously, lags behind developed countries. Further advances in research infrastructure are necessary to develop prevention strategies for this region.

Adolfo Rubinstein

2011-01-01

366

Comparative analysis of cytogenetic manifestations of human genome instability  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The comparative analysis of cytogenetic manifestations of human genome instability was carried out. The studied parameters are the micronuclei rate (MNR), the level of single and double chromosome fragment and the level of premature chromatid division (PCD). PCD and chromosome fragments were chosen as anomalies that possibly result in MN formation. We analysed the MNR in buccal epithelium (BE) and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), the level of single and double chromosome fragment as well as level PCD - in PBL only. Average MNR in BE was higher than in PBL. The studied parameters are independent ones and have to be considered altogether for more comprehensive evaluation of the level and peculiarities of manifestation of human genome instability

2004-10-01

367

Comparative Analysis of Visco-elastic Models with Variable Parameters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents a theoretical comparative study for computational behaviour analysis of vibration isolation elements based on viscous and elastic models with variable parameters. The changing of elastic and viscous parameters can be produced by natural timed evolution demo-tion or by heating developed into the elements during their working cycle. It was supposed both linear and non-linear numerical viscous and elastic models, and their combinations. The results show the impor-tance of numerical model tuning with the real behaviour, as such the characteristics linearity, and the essential parameters for damping and rigidity. Multiple comparisons between linear and non-linear simulation cases dignify the basis of numerical model optimization regarding mathematical complexity vs. results reliability.

Silviu Nastac

2010-01-01

368

Comparative Analysis and Implementation of Image Encryption Algorithms?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the rapid growth of digital communication and multimedia application, security becomesan important issue of communication and storage of images. Image security has found a great need in manyapplications where the information (in the form of image is to be protected from unauthorized access.Encryption is one of the ways to ensure high security. In recent years, encryption technology has beendeveloped and many image encryption methods have been used. These methods produce randomness in theimage so that the content is not visible. Encryption and decryption consume a considerable amount of time.So there is a need for an efficient algorithm. This paper proposed three different image encryptiontechniques for color image. Simulation results are presented and a comparative analysis of the differentmethods is discussed.

Rajinder Kaur

2013-04-01

369

Imaging hydrated microbial extracellular polymers: Comparative analysis by electron microscopy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Microbe-mineral and -metal interactions represent a major intersection between the biosphere and geosphere but require high-resolution imaging and analytical tools for investigating microscale associations. Electron microscopy has been used extensively for geomicrobial investigations and although used bona fide, the traditional methods of sample preparation do not preserve the native morphology of microbiological components, especially extracellular polymers. Herein, we present a direct comparative analysis of microbial interactions using conventional electron microscopy approaches of imaging at room temperature and a suite of cryogenic electron microscopy methods providing imaging in the close-to-natural hydrated state. In situ, we observed an irreversible transformation of the hydrated bacterial extracellular polymers during the traditional dehydration-based sample preparation that resulted in their collapse into filamentous structures. Dehydration-induced polymer collapse can lead to inaccurate spatial relationships and hence could subsequently affect conclusions regarding nature of interactions between microbial extracellular polymers and their environment.

Dohnalkova, A.C.; Marshall, M. J.; Arey, B. W.; Williams, K. H.; Buck, E. C.; Fredrickson, J. K.

2011-01-01

370

Cost/Schedule Risk Analysis of Engineering Development Phase for Army User Equipment of GPS.  

Science.gov (United States)

The NAVSTAR GPS is a space-based radio navigation system that will permit users to determine accurately their three-dimensional position and velocity in real time. The GPS will consist of a space segment (satellites), control segment (ground monitors and ...

1977-01-01

371

Compulsory substance-user treatment and harm reduction: a critical analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compulsory treatment potentially offers a cost-effective and rehabilitative alternative to incarceration for substance-user offenders. However, the compatibility of harm-reduction principles and compulsory substance-user treatment initiatives is unclear. First, the historical record suggests that policy and legislative changes promoting diversion to treatment are typically not followed up by administrative, fiscal, and evaluative support. Moreover, cost-saving arguments underlying past programs may be inadequate to cope with concerns about civil liberties raised by compulsory treatment practices. Second, empirical evidence suggests that there may be a fundamental incompatibility between attitudes endorsing compulsory treatment and attitudes endorsing harm reduction. Finally, empirical claims about the relative efficacy of mandated versus nonmandated substance-user treatment are plagued by conceptual and methodological problems. These arguments suggest that compulsory substance-user treatment and harm reduction may not be as compatible as is commonly believed. Consequently, caution is warranted in moving toward a widespread adoption of compulsory treatment policies. [Translations are provided in the International Abstracts Section of this issue.] PMID:10052392

Wild, T C

1999-01-01

372

Can Money Buy Happiness? A Statistical Analysis of Predictors for User Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

2007 data from LibQUAL+[TM] and the ACRL Library Trends and Statistics database were analyzed to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between library expenditures and usage statistics and library patron satisfaction across 73 universities. The results show that users of larger, better funded libraries have higher…

Hunter, Ben; Perret, Robert

2011-01-01

373

Extreme storm surges: a comparative study of frequency analysis approaches  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In France, nuclear facilities were designed to very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, exceptional climatic events have given rise to surges much larger than observations (outliers and had clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the present work is to conduct a comparative study of three approaches including the Annual Maxima (AM, the Peaks-Over Threshold (POT and the r-Largest Order Statistics (r-LOS. These methods are illustrated in a real analysis case study. All the data sets were screened for outliers. Non-parametric tests for randomness, homogeneity and stationarity of time series were used. The shape and scale parameters stability plots, the mean excess residual life plot and the stability of the standard errors of return levels were used to select optimal thresholds and r values for the POT and r-LOS method, respectively. The comparison of methods was based on: (i the uncertainty degrees, (ii the adequacy criteria and tests and (iii the visual inspection. It was found that the r-LOS and POT methods have reduced the uncertainty on the distributions parameters and return level estimates and have systematically shown values of the 100 and 500 yr return levels smaller than those estimated with the AM method. Results have also shown that none of the compared methods has allowed a good fitting at the right tail of the distribution in the presence of outliers. As a perspective, the use of historical information was proposed in order to increase the representativity of outliers in data sets. Findings are of practical relevance not only to nuclear energy operators in France, for applications in storm surge hazard analysis and flood management, but also for the optimal planning and design of facilities to withstand extreme environmental conditions, with an appropriate level of risk.

Y. Hamdi

2013-11-01

374

A comparative analysis of metal transportomes from metabolically versatile Pseudomonas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The availability of complete genome sequences of versatile Pseudomonas occupying remarkably diverse ecological niches enabled to gain insights into their adaptative assets. The objective of this study was to analyze the complete genetic repertoires of metal transporters (metal transportomes from four representative Pseudomonas species and to identify metal transporters with "Genomic Island" associated features. Methods A comparative metal transporter inventory was built for the following four Pseudomonas species: P.putida (Ppu KT2440, P.aeruginosa (Pae PA01, P.fluorescens (Pfl Pf-5 and P.syringae (Psypv.tomato DC3000 using TIGR-CMR and Transport DB. Genomic analysis of essential and toxic metal ion transporters was accomplished from the above inventory. Metal transporters with "Genomic Island" associated features were identified using Islandpath analysis. Results Dataset cataloguing has been executed for 262 metal transporters from the four spp. Additional metal ion transporters belonging to NiCoT, Ca P-type ATPase, Cu P-type ATPases, ZIP and MgtC families were identified. In Psy DC3000, 48% of metal transporters showed strong GI features while it was 45% in Ppu KT2440. In Pfl Pf-5 and Pae PA01 only 26% of their metal transporters exhibited GI features. Conclusion Our comparative inventory of 262 metal transporters from four versatile Pseudomonas spp is the complete suite of metal transportomes analysed till date in a prokaryotic genus. This study identified differences in the basic composition of metal transportomes from Pseudomonas occupying diverse ecological niches and also elucidated their novel features. Based on this inventory we analysed the role of horizontal gene transfer in expansion and variability of metal transporter families.

Rodrigue Agnes

2008-09-01

375

Nucleic acid structure analysis: Local, mathematically rigorous, comparable  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A more sophisticated mathematical treatments for analyzing nucleic acid coordinate data is presented. The methodology is both rigorous and comparable for parameterizing nucleic acids in terms of the local structural morphology of complementary and neighboring base pairs. Chapter 1 clearly defines the problems of nucleic acid structure parameterization by examining the consequences of the EMBO workshop guidelines published in 1989. Chapter 2 defines mathematics to rigorously and comparably calculate all of the parameters for nucleic acid structure from a local viewpoint. The mathematics satisfies all EMBO guidelines for local structural parameters. One of the main features making this program flexible is that any base pair relationship can be rigorously analyzed. This is because the meaning of zero for the complementary base parameters is clearly definable for any base pairing relationship. Chapter 3 analyses and explains why certain pairwise parameter correlations were observed between rotational and translational parameters. It was observed that the method of calculating the rotational parameters greatly affected the calculated translational parameters. As a result of our analysis, we determined the optimum location about which rotations should be performed in order to reduce and/or eliminate the correlations which are artifacts of the mathematics employed and do not reflect true structural properties of nucleic acids. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of the available nucleic acid X-ray crystallographic structural data, showing that the experimental base pairs do not generally have the ideal Watson-Crick structure. By utilizing a hybrid between helical and Cartesian parameterization methods, the relative distribution of the complementary base parameters was examined as a function of the nearest neighboring base pairs. The final chapter includes a review article explaining each of the available methods in plain English as well as giving the mathematics.

Babcock, M.S.

1993-01-01

376

Comparative expression pathway analysis of human and canine mammary tumors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Spontaneous tumors in dog have been demonstrated to share many features with their human counterparts, including relevant molecular targets, histological appearance, genetics, biological behavior and response to conventional treatments. Mammary tumors in dog therefore provide an attractive alternative to more classical mouse models, such as transgenics or xenografts, where the tumour is artificially induced. To assess the extent to which dog tumors represent clinically significant human phenotypes, we performed the first genome-wide comparative analysis of transcriptional changes occurring in mammary tumors of the two species, with particular focus on the molecular pathways involved. Results We analyzed human and dog gene expression data derived from both tumor and normal mammary samples. By analyzing the expression levels of about ten thousand dog/human orthologous genes we observed a significant overlap of genes deregulated in the mammary tumor samples, as compared to their normal counterparts. Pathway analysis of gene expression data revealed a great degree of similarity in the perturbation of many cancer-related pathways, including the 'PI3K/AKT', 'KRAS', 'PTEN', 'WNT-beta catenin' and 'MAPK cascade'. Moreover, we show that the transcriptional relationships between different gene signatures observed in human breast cancer are largely maintained in the canine model, suggesting a close interspecies similarity in the network of cancer signalling circuitries. Conclusion Our data confirm and further strengthen the value of the canine mammary cancer model and open up new perspectives for the evaluation of novel cancer therapeutics and the development of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers to be used in clinical studies.

Marconato Laura

2009-03-01

377

A Comparative Performance Analysis of Approximate String Matching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a comparative study to evaluate experimental results for approximate string matching algorithms on the basis of edit distance. We compare the algorithms in terms of the number of character comparisons and the running time for molecular data, binary alphabets English alphabets etc. The terms like word processors, web search engine, molecular sequence, DNA sequence analysis and natural language processing have lead to the development of many algorithms in the field of pattern matching in a string. Amongst the various string searching algorithms being used, here the focus is mainly approximate implementation of pattern matching algorithms such as Knuth-Morris-Pratt, Boyer-Moore, Raita, Horspool based on PHP. The comparison between these algorithms is done with the help of Levenshtein distance. It also describes the importance of design of efficient “Approximate Pattern Search Algorithms in molecular database, binary alphabets, English alphabets and so on”. This approach is advantageous from all other string-pattern matching algorithms in terms of time complexity. Therefore this procedure improves the efficiency of approximate string matching and gives the near-optimal results.

Shivani Jain

2013-10-01

378

N-terminal protein processing: A comparative proteogenomic analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

N-Terminal Methionine Excision (NME) is a universally conserved mechanism with the same specificity across all life forms that removes the first Methionine in proteins when the second residue is Gly, Ala, Ser, Cys, Thr, Pro, or Val. In spite of its necessity for proper cell functioning, the functional role of NME remains unclear. In 1988, Arfin and Bradshaw connected NME with the N-end protein degradation rule and postulated that the role of NME is to expose the stabilizing residues with the goal to resist protein degradation. While this explanation (that treats 7 stabilizing residues in the same manner) has become the de facto dogma of NME, comparative proteogenomics analysis of NME tells a different story. We suggest that the primary role of NME is to expose only two (rather than seven) amino acids Ala and Ser for post-translational modifications (e.g., acetylation) rather than to regulate protein degradation. We argue that, contrary to the existing view, NME is not crucially important for proteins with 5 other stabilizing residue at the 2nd positions that are merely bystanders (their function is not affected by NME) that become exposed to NME because their sizes are comparable or smaller than the size of Ala and Ser.

Bonissone, Stefano; Gupta, Nitin; Romine, Margaret F.; Bradshaw, Ralph A.; Pevzner, Pavel A.

2013-01-01

379

Comparative analysis of mapping burned areas from landsat TM images  

Science.gov (United States)

Remote sensing is a major source of mapping the burned area caused by forest fire. The focus in this application is to map a single class of interest, i.e. burned area. In this study, three different data combinations were classified using different classifiers and quantitatively compared. The adopted classifiers are Support Vector Data Description (SVDD), a one-class classifier, Binary classifier Support Vector Machines (SVMs) and traditional Maximum Likelihood classifier (ML). At first, the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to extract the best possible features form the original multispectral image (OMI) and calculated spectral indices (SI). Then the resulting subset of features was applied to the classifiers. The comparative study has undertaken to find firstly, the best possible set of features (data combination) and secondly, an effective classifier to map the burned areas. The best possible set of features was attained by data combination- II (i.e., OMI information). Furthermore, the results of the SVM showed the high classification accuracies than ML. Experimental results demonstrate that even though the SVDD for mapping the burned areas doesn't showed the higher classification accuracy than SVM, but it shows the suitability for the cases with few or poorly represented labelled samples available. The parameters should be further optimized through the use of intelligent training for improving the accuracy of SVDD.

Mazher, A.

2013-06-01

380

Juvenile spondylolysis: a comparative analysis of CT, SPECT and MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate whether MRI correlates with CT and SPECT imaging for the diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis, and to determine whether MRI can be used as an exclusive image modality. Juveniles and young adults with a history of extension low back pain were evaluated by MRI, CT and SPECT imaging. All images were reviewed blindly. Correlative analyses included CT vs MRI for morphological grading and SPECT vs MRI for functional grading. Finally, an overall grading system compared MRI vs CT and SPECT combined. Statistical analysis was performed using the kappa statistic. Seventy-two patients (mean age 16 years) were recruited. Forty pars defects were identified in 22 patients (31%), of which 25 were chronic non-union, five acute complete defects and ten acute incomplete fractures. Kappa scores demonstrated a high level of agreement for all comparative analyses. MRI vs SPECT (kappa: 0.794), MRI vs CT (kappa: 0.829) and MRI vs CT/SPECT (kappa: 0.786). The main causes of discrepancy were between MRI and SPECT for the diagnosis of stress reaction in the absence of overt fracture, and distinguishing incomplete fractures from intact pars or complete defects. MRI can be used as an effective and reliable first-line image modality for diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis. However, localised CT is recommended as a supplementary examination in selected cases as a baseline for assessment of healing and for evaluation of indeterminate cases. (orig.)

Campbell, R.S.D. [Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Liverpool (United Kingdom); Grainger, A.J. [Leeds General Infirmary, Department of Radiology, Leeds (United Kingdom); Hide, I.G. [Freeman Hospital, Department of Radiology, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom); Papastefanou, S. [James Cook University Hospital, Department Radiology, Middlesbrough (United Kingdom); Greenough, C.G. [James Cook University Hospital, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Middlesbrough (United Kingdom)

2005-02-01

 
 
 
 
381

Comparative analysis of face recognition techniques with illumination variation  

Science.gov (United States)

Illumination variation is one of the major challenges in the face recognition. To deal with this problem, this paper presents comparative analysis of three different techniques. : First, the DCT is employed to compensate for illumination variations in the logarithm domain. Since illumination variation lies mainly in the low frequency band, an appropriate number of DCT coefficients are truncated to reduce the variations under different lighting conditions. The nearest neighbor classifier based on Euclidean distance is employed for classification. Second, the performance of PCA is checked on normalized image. PCA is a technique used to reduce multidimensional data sets to a lower dimension for analysis. Third, LDA based methods gives a satisfactory result under controlled lighting condition. But its performance under large illumination variation is not satisfactory. So, the performance of LDA is checked on normalized image. Experimental results on the Yale B and ORL database show that the proposed approach of application of PCA and LDA on normalized dataset improves the performance significantly for the face images with large illumination variations.

Jondhale, K. C.; Waghmare, L. M.

2010-06-01

382

Comparative analysis of borehole interaction in the HAW test field  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A comparative finite element study has been performed on 2 models of the HAW test field, which is an underground experimental facility used for the investigation of the effects of storage of nuclear waste in salt formations. The HAW test field consists of 2 parallel galleries in an anticline type of salt formation. From each gallery 4 vertical boreholes have been drilled at equal distance in which electrical heaters or heat producing nuclear sources will be installed. In a former 3D analysis this HAW field has been modelled as if an infinite number of boreholes existed in each gallery which reduced the size of the model due to symmetry conditions. In order to investigate the influence of this assumption a comparison has been made between two models. One uses the actual 8 boreholes and the other is based on two infinite rows of holes. The comparison has been executed for a horizontal plane through the centre of the heat sources in which a state of plane strain has been assumed. From the analysis it appears that maximum compressive stress on the borehole liner can be determined with good accuracy with the model based on an infinite number of holes. For development of the compressive stress after longer periods of time however the comparison shows that the boundary conditions have a larger influence on the evolution of the stress on the liner. A full 3D analysis of the field will be required to account for geometry effects in a correct way. (author). 5 refs.; 21 figs.; 1 tab.

Heijdra, J.J.

1991-08-01

383

CASKS (Computer Analysis of Storage casKS): A microcomputer based analysis system for storage cask design review. User`s manual to Version 1b (including program reference)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

CASKS (Computer Analysis of Storage casKS) is a microcomputer-based system of computer programs and databases developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for evaluating safety analysis reports on spent-fuel storage casks. The bulk of the complete program and this user`s manual are based upon the SCANS (Shipping Cask ANalysis System) program previously developed at LLNL. A number of enhancements and improvements were added to the original SCANS program to meet requirements unique to storage casks. CASKS is an easy-to-use system that calculates global response of storage casks to impact loads, pressure loads and thermal conditions. This provides reviewers with a tool for an independent check on analyses submitted by licensees. CASKS is based on microcomputers compatible with the IBM-PC family of computers. The system is composed of a series of menus, input programs, cask analysis programs, and output display programs. All data is entered through fill-in-the-blank input screens that contain descriptive data requests.

Chen, T.F.; Gerhard, M.A.; Trummer, D.J.; Johnson, G.L.; Mok, G.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1995-02-01

384

Modeling and Analysis of User-Defined-Constant-Switching Frequency DSTATCOM for Three Phase Four Wire Distribution System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with modeling and analysis of User Defined Constant Switching (UDCS frequency current-controlled based four-leg DSTATCOM. The first three-phase legs are operated in hysteresis current tracking mode, and the neutral is operated by fixed switching square pulses of desired frequency. Consequently, the first three legs get tuned to the fourth leg’s user defined frequency. Analytical expressions arederived to specify the range of frequency at which the scheme functions effectively. Design procedure for selection parameter of the four leg inverter such as hysteresis band, DC link voltage, DC link capacitor and inductor are suggested, and simulations are done to value the design procedure for a UDCS-controller based DSTATCOM. Comparison is made between the performance of the UDCS controlled DSTATCOM and conventional hysteresis-controlled DSTATCOM and presented.

S. Suresh, Dr. Devarajan,N.Vidhya,V. Rajasekaran

2012-04-01

385

The building loads analysis and system thermodynamics (BLAST) program. Version 2. 0. Users manual. Volume II. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) program is a comprehensive set of subprograms for predicting energy consumption in buildings. There are three major subprograms: (1) the space load predicting subprogram, which computes hourly space loads in a building or zone based on user input and hourly weather data; (2) the air distribution system simulation subprogram, which uses the computed space load and user inputs describing the building air-handling system to calculate hot water or steam, chilled water, and electric demands; and (3) the central plant simulation program, which simulates boilers, chillers, onsite power generating equipment and solar energy systems and computes monthly and annual fuel and electrical power consumption and plant life cycle cost.

Hittle, D.C.

1979-06-01

386

SIMULATE-E: a nodal core-analysis program for light-water reactors. Computer code user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains the methods descriptions and user's manual for the light-water reactor nodal core-analysis computer program, SIMULATE-E. SIMULATE yields the distribution of fission power within the core in three-dimensional detail while including the significant effects of hydraulics, control systems and fuel depletion on the macroscopic cross sections. All calculations solve for volume average values using a nodalization of the core volume which is limited to equal sized nodes, 10 to 20 centimeters on each side. Several variants of conventional coarse mesh diffusion theory are available as options. The user should expect the code to predict a three-dimensional power distribution showing all of the features of the measured distribution; accuracy should be sufficient to enable effective detailed decision making by the utility staff. Substantial numbers of processing options and favorable benchmarking experience enable effective core follow, core design and licensing analyses for BWRs and PWRs

1983-01-01

387

Predicting Financial Distress of Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents aprognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied toimprove banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis o...

Manel Hamdi; Adel Karaa

2012-01-01

388

Prediction of Financial Distress for Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a prognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied to improve banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis of a company not included i...

Manel Hamdi

2012-01-01

389

A user-friendly computational workflow for the analysis of microRNA deep sequencing data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Second-generation high-throughput sequencing is a robust and inexpensive methodology that is becoming an increasingly common technique for the study of microRNA (miRNA) expression levels in the central nervous system. This method allows for the identification of both known and novel miRNAs, reporting on the qualitative and quantitative levels these RNA species represent in any given sample. Numerous bioinformatic programs are currently available to analyze deep sequencing data but many require at least a partial understanding of the command line interface. In this chapter, we describe a user-friendly computational workflow guiding the user through the process from the initial FASTQ deep sequencing file to the identification of known and potentially novel miRNAs in a given experiment, as well as the assessment of the differential expression of these miRNAs between experimental samples. Furthermore, programs that can predict potential targets for these miRNAs are also highlighted. PMID:23007497

Majer, Anna; Caligiuri, Kyle A; Booth, Stephanie A

2013-01-01

390

Analysis of steam chugging phenomena. Volume 2: user's manual for the CHUG1 computer program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A user's manual is presented for the CHUG1 computer program. CHUG1 utilizes fundamental thermalhydraulic models to describe steam condensation phenomena which may occur in pressure suppression pools in light water reactors. Basic conservation laws are used in CHUG1 to describe each aspect of the chugging phenomena and the code is therefore relatively free of empiricism. The present code geometry is restricted to a single downcomer pipe submerged in a pool of incompressible water

1979-01-01

391

Internet language in user-generated comments : Linguistic analysis of data from four commenting groups  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study examines typical features of internet language found in user-generated comments collected from commenting groups from four online magazines aimed at different readerships: (1) adult women (Working Mother and Mothering), (2) adult men (Esquire), (3) young women (Seventeen) and (4) young men (Gameinformer). Approximately 5,000 words from each commenting group were collected, creating a 21,087 word corpus which was analyzed with regard to typographic (emoticons, nonstandard typ...

Dahlstro?m, Jenny

2013-01-01

392

Brainstorm: A User-Friendly Application for MEG/EEG Analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Brainstorm is a collaborative open-source application dedicated to magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) data visualization and processing, with an emphasis on cortical source estimation techniques and their integration with anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The primary objective of the software is to connect MEG/EEG neuroscience investigators with both the best-established and cutting-edge methods through a simple and intuitive graphical user interface...

Tadel, Francois; Baillet, Sylvain; Mosher, John C.; Pantazis, Dimitrios; Leahy, Richard M.

2010-01-01

393