WorldWideScience
1

A Comparative Analysis of User Preferences for Four Major Internet Based Education Means in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Internet based education media are developing at an amazing rate and being seen as an upstart that will likely take the place of traditional education means worldwide in the future. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis on user preferences for four major categories of internet-based media used in China. In this paper, we first sort the current pervasive media into four different types and summarize their different characteristics, then we classify the users by two-step clustering analysis, based on which we finally figure out the preference of each user cluster and identify the major influencing factors.

Chunyang Wan

2014-07-01

2

A Comparative Analysis of User Preferences for Four Major Internet Based Education Means in China  

OpenAIRE

Internet based education media are developing at an amazing rate and being seen as an upstart that will likely take the place of traditional education means worldwide in the future. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis on user preferences for four major categories of internet-based media used in China. In this paper, we first sort the current pervasive media into four different types and summarize their different characteristics, then we classify the users by two-step ...

Chunyang Wan; Yanqing Jiang

2014-01-01

3

A comparative analysis of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who reported mental health problems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: The use of psychotropic medication has increased over the years and there are concerns about the inappropriate use and prescribing of such medication. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who report mental health problems. Method: Data from the 2006 Health Research Board, National Psychological Wellbeing and Distress Survey (HRB NPWDS was used to compare users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among 382 individuals who reported mental health problems. The HRB NPWDS was carried out between December 2005 and April 2006. Results: One-third of respondents who had experienced a mental health problem in the past 12 months had used prescribed psychotropic medication. The majority of the respondents had their medication prescribed by the general practitioner (GP. Those who had used psychotropic medication in the previous year had also used more supports than those who had not used medication. Users were also more likely to have lower weekly income, attend the GP more often and have lower perceived mental health status. Users were not more willing to disclose distressing information and did not have higher levels of psychological distress. Conclusion: The findings highlight the importance of the GP in the treatment and care of common mental health problems. Furthermore, the findings highlight the gap in treatment for those who are experiencing mental health problems.

Silvia Gallagher

2010-01-01

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Non-Academic Service Quality: Comparative Analysis of Students and Faculty as Users  

Science.gov (United States)

The research focus was a non-academic service quality assessment within higher education. In particular, non-academic service quality perceptions of faculty and students were evaluated using a service profit chain. This enabled a comparison which helped understanding of non-academic service quality orientation from a key users' perspective. Data…

Sharif, Khurram; Kassim, Norizan Mohd

2012-01-01

5

SOCIAL NETWORKS USER ANALYSIS TOOLS COMPARISON  

OpenAIRE

In the presented graduate seminar we have focused on social networks user analysis tools. First, we generally defined social networks and presented three most commonly used networks, these are Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. Then we identified tools for analysis in terms of traffic analysis and from the user perspective. We have presented some of the most commonly used tools for the user analysis. In the practical part we have compared to each other three tools for the social user analysis...

Z?erdin, Rok

2013-01-01

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Tree, funny, to_read, google: What are Tags Supposed to Achieve? A Comparative Analysis of User Keywords for Different Digital Resource Types  

OpenAIRE

Social tagging systems have become increasingly popular over the past years. Users' tagging practices have been little studied and understood so far. However, understanding tagging behaviour can contribute towards a thorough understanding of the tagging phenomenon from multiple perspectives. In the present paper, results of a comparative analysis of tag characteristics on the tagging platforms connotea.org (scientific articles), del.icio.us (bookmarks), flickr.com (photos), and youtube.com (v...

Heckner, Markus; Neubauer, Tanja; Wolff, Christian

2008-01-01

7

Bias in Observational Studies of Prevalent Users: Lessons for Comparative Effectiveness Research From a Meta-Analysis of Statins  

OpenAIRE

Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are usually the preferred strategy with which to generate evidence of comparative effectiveness, but conducting an RCT is not always feasible. Though observational studies and RCTs often provide comparable estimates, the questioning of observational analyses has recently intensified because of randomized-observational discrepancies regarding the effect of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy on coronary heart disease. Reanalyses of observational data th...

Danaei, Goodarz; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Herna?n, Miguel A.

2012-01-01

8

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GRAPHICAL USER AUTHENTICATION APPROACHES?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, authentication technology is the main measure to guarantee information security, and the most common and convenient authentication method in use is the alphanumeric password. However, their inherent defects led to the development of graphical password as an alternative. Graphical password which uses images as passwords, rather than alphanumeric characters is motivated particularly by the fact that it is generally easier for users to remember and recall images than words, and it is conceivable that graphical password would be able to provide better security than alphanumeric password. Authentication, authorization and auditing are the most important issues of security on data communication. In particular, authentication is the life of every individual essential closest friend. The user authentication security is dependent on the strength of user password. A secure password is usually random, strange, very long and difficult to remember. For most users, remember these irregular passwords are very difficult. To easily remember and security are two sides of one coin. Graphical password authentication technology is the use of click on the image to replace input some characters. The graphical user interface can help user easy to create and remember their secure passwords. However, in the graphical password system based on images can provide an alternative password, but too many images will be a large database to store issue. In this thesis, a study of various schemes of graphical user authentication is made and also several challenges in graphical authentication are discussed.

Radhika?

2014-09-01

9

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GRAPHICAL USER AUTHENTICATION APPROACHES?  

OpenAIRE

Today, authentication technology is the main measure to guarantee information security, and the most common and convenient authentication method in use is the alphanumeric password. However, their inherent defects led to the development of graphical password as an alternative. Graphical password which uses images as passwords, rather than alphanumeric characters is motivated particularly by the fact that it is generally easier for users to remember and recall images than words, an...

Radhika?; Siddhartha Sankar Biswas?

2014-01-01

10

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PERSONALITY CHARACERISITCSOF FACEBOOK USER AND NON-USER.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was undertaken a comparative study of personality characteristics of Facebook users andnon-users (personality characters, introversion and extroversion. The sample consists of 60 youths of Facebookusers and non-users selected from Aurangabad districts. The age range of acebookusers and non-users are 18 to 21. The research tools selected to NeymannKohlstedt Extraversion, Introversion Scalenamely. The proposed statistical procedure is descriptive statistics i .e Mean SD was computed and‘t’ test. Conclusion in this study on the basis of data and discussion of result the hypotheses are tested and verified. The result to be found was there is a significant difference between Facebook user and non-user on their personality characteristics Extroverts and Introverts.

Ahire Rajkumarsing Bhagwan

2015-01-01

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Comparative Analysis of Allocative Efficiency in Input use by Credit and Non Credit User Small Scale Poulty Farmers in Delta State, Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the relative allocative efficiencies in input use by credit user and non credit user small scale poultry farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. Relative elasticities of production and returns to scale of the defined poultry farmers were examined. Primary data were collected from a random sample of 108 small scale poultry farmers consisting of 54 credit users and 54 non credit users. A stochastic frontier production function model was used to analyse the data. Results of the findings indicate that none of the poultry farmer groups allocated any production input optimally. All the variables entered in the model were significant for credit and non credit users except drugs and veterinary services which was not significant for non credit user poultry farmers. On the whole, the credit user poultry farmers over utilized (Kij1 feed input as well as drugs and veterinary services. The non credit user farmers over utilized (Kij1 feed input. It is therefore the recommendation of this study that economic policies and programmes such as the Delta state microcredit programme should be strengthened so as to improve access to credit and enhance efficiency in the use of resources by small scale poultry farmers.

P.C. Ike

2011-11-01

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Comparing the life concerns of prescription opioid and heroin users.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored life concerns of prescription opioid (PO) and heroin users. Persons entering opioid detoxification rated their level of concern about 43 health and welfare items. Using exploratory factor analysis and conceptual rationale, we identified ten areas of concern. Participants (N=529) were 69.9% male, 87.5% non-Hispanic Caucasian, and 24.2% PO users. Concern about drug problems was perceived as the most serious concern, followed by money problems, relationship problems, mental health, and cigarette smoking. PO users expressed significantly lower concern about drug problems (p=.017) and transmissible diseases (pRecognition of the daily worries of opioid dependent persons could allow providers to better tailor their services to the context of their patients' lives. PMID:25171955

Stein, Michael D; Anderson, Bradley J; Thurmond, Portia; Bailey, Genie L

2015-01-01

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Comparative risk analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper, the risks of various energy systems are discussed considering severe accidents analysis, particularly the probabilistic safety analysis, and probabilistic safety criteria, and the applications of these criteria and analysis. The comparative risk analysis has demonstrated that the largest source of risk in every society is from daily small accidents. Nevertheless, we have to be more concerned about severe accidents. The comparative risk analysis of five different energy systems (coal, oil, gas, LWR and STEC (Solar)) for the public has shown that the main sources of risks are coal and oil. The latest comparative risk study of various energy has been conducted in the USA and has revealed that the number of victims from coal is 42 as many than victims from nuclear. A study for severe accidents from hydro-dams in United States has estimated the probability of dam failures at 1 in 10,000 years and the number of victims between 11,000 and 260,000. The average occupational risk from coal is one fatal accident in 1,000 workers/year. The probabilistic safety analysis is a method that can be used to assess nuclear energy risks, and to analyze the severe accidents, and to model all possible accident sequences and consequences. The 'Fault tree' analysis is used to know the probability of failure of the different systems at each point of accident sequences and to calculate the probability of risks. After calculating the probability of failure, the criteria for judginbility of failure, the criteria for judging the numerical results have to be developed, that is the quantitative and qualitative goals. To achieve these goals, several systems have been devised by various countries members of AIEA. The probabilistic safety ana-lysis method has been developed by establishing a computer program permit-ting to know different categories of safety related information. 19 tabs. (author)

14

Electronic Medical Record Cancer Incidence over Six Years Comparing New Users of Glargine with New Users of NPH Insulin  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Recent studies suggested that insulin glargine use could be associated with increased risk of cancer. We compared the incidence of cancer in new users of glargine versus new users of NPH in a longitudinal clinical cohort with diabetes for up to 6 years. Methods and Findings From all patients who had been regularly followed at Massachusetts General Hospital from 1/01/2005 to 12/31/2010, 3,680 patients who had a medication record for glargine or NPH usage were obtained from the electronic medical record (EMR). From those we selected 539 new glargine users (age: 60.1±13.6 years, BMI: 32.7±7.5 kg/m2) and 343 new NPH users (61.5±14.1 years, 32.7±8.3 kg/m2) who had no prevalent cancer during 19 months prior to glargine or NPH initiation. All incident cancer cases were ascertained from the EMR requiring at least 2 ICD-9 codes within a 2 month period. Insulin exposure time and cumulative dose were validated. The statistical analysis compared the rates of cancer in new glargine vs. new NPH users while on treatment, adjusted for the propensity to receive one or the other insulin. There were 26 and 28 new cancer cases in new glargine and new NPH users for 1559 and 1126 person-years follow-up, respectively. There were no differences in the propensity-adjusted clinical characteristics between groups. The adjusted hazard ratio for the cancer incidence comparing glargine vs. NPH use was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.36–1.19). Conclusions Insulin glargine is not associated with development of cancers when compared with NPH in this longitudinal and carefully retrieved EMR data. PMID:25329887

He, Wei; Bianca, Porneala C.; Yelibi, Carine; Marquis, Alison; Stürmer, Til; Buse, John B.; Meigs, James B.

2014-01-01

15

Consumption capability analysis for Micro-blog users based on data mining  

OpenAIRE

Data mining is an effective method of discovering useful information in a large amount of data. Thecapability of understanding the user’s consumptionis vital for a company. Discovering the significantcustomers allows the company to focus on the most valuable customers. This paper uses micro-blog users’check-in data and shop information for analysis andcluster method of data mining. We analyze user’sspending ability quantitatively based on user’s check-in actions. Compared with other c...

Yue Sun

2013-01-01

16

LEXICAL ANALYSIS TO EFFECTIVELY DETECT USERS’ OPINION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we present a lexical approach that will identify opinion of web users popularly expressedusing short words or sms words. These words are pretty popular with diverse web users and are used forexpressing their opinion on the web. The study of opinion from web arises to know the diverse opinion ofweb users. The opinion expressed by web users may be on diverse topics such as politics, sports, products,movies etc. These opinions will be very useful to others such as, leaders of political parties, selectioncommittees of various sports, business analysts and other stake holders of products, directors andproducers of movies as well as to the other concerned web users. We use semantic based approach to findusers opinion from short words or sms words apart of regular opinionated phrases. Our approachefficiently detects opinion from opinionated texts using lexical analysis and is found to be better than theother approaches on different data sets.

Anil Kumar K.M

2011-11-01

17

User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns within LHCb and experience with the updated LHCb DIRAC workload management system are presented.

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User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns within LHCb and experience with the updated LHCb DIRAC workload management system are presented.

Maier, Andrew; Gaidioz, Benjamin; Moscicki, Jakub; Muraru, Adrian; Ster, Daniel van der [European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN CH-1211, Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Brochu, Frederic [Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Cowan, Greg [Particle Physics Experiments Group, School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Egede, Ulrik; Reece, Will; Williams, Mike [Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Elmsheuser, Johannes [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 Munich (Germany); Harrison, Karl; Slater, Mark; Tan, Chun Lik [School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Lee, Hurng-Chun [Nationaal instituut voor subatomaire fysica (NIKHEF), Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Liko, Dietrich [Institute of High Energy Physics of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsdorfer Gasse 18, A-1050 Wien (Austria); Pajchel, Katarina; Samset, Bjoern [Experimental Particle Physics Group, Department of Physics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1048, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo (Norway); Soroko, Alexander, E-mail: andrew.maier@cern.c [University of Oxford (United Kingdom)

2010-04-01

19

Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa / Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1) [...] , e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2), foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%), anisometropia (18,6%) e esotropia (16,9%). Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%), ametropia e leucoma (18,6%) cada, e phthisis (16,3%). A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável) no grupo 1 (45,8%) e no grupo 2 (32,6%). A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3%) e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%). CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife [...] - PE- Brazil - group 1), and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2), was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%), anisometropia (18.6%) and esotropia (16.9%). In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%), ametropia (18.6%), leukoma (18.6%) and phthisis (16.3%). Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8%) and in group 2 (32.6%). The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3%) and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%). CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

Daniela Araújo, Toscano; Ana Cláudia Tabosa, Florêncio; Maria da Conceição, Sales; Márcia Trovão Duarte, Cavalcanti; Daniela Almeida Lyra, Antunes.

2009-04-01

20

Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1, e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2, foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%, anisometropia (18,6% e esotropia (16,9%. Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%, ametropia e leucoma (18,6% cada, e phthisis (16,3%. A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável no grupo 1 (45,8% e no grupo 2 (32,6%. A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3% e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%. CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se.PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife - PE- Brazil - group 1, and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2, was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%, anisometropia (18.6% and esotropia (16.9%. In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%, ametropia (18.6%, leukoma (18.6% and phthisis (16.3%. Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8% and in group 2 (32.6%. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3% and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

Daniela Araújo Toscano

2009-04-01

21

Anaerobic digestion analysis model: User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Anaerobic Digestion Analysis Model (ADAM) has been developed to assist investigators in performing preliminary economic analyses of anaerobic digestion processes. The model, which runs under Microsoft Excel{trademark}, is capable of estimating the economic performance of several different waste digestion process configurations that are defined by the user through a series of option selections. The model can be used to predict required feedstock tipping fees, product selling prices, utility rates, and raw material unit costs. The model is intended to be used as a tool to perform preliminary economic estimates that could be used to carry out simple screening analyses. The model`s current parameters are based on engineering judgments and are not reflective of any existing process; therefore, they should be carefully evaluated and modified if necessary to reflect the process under consideration. The accuracy and level of uncertainty of the estimated capital investment and operating costs are dependent on the accuracy and level of uncertainty of the model`s input parameters. The underlying methodology is capable of producing results accurate to within {+-} 30% of actual costs.

Ruth, M.; Landucci, R.

1994-08-01

22

COMPARE USABILITY AND SECURITY OF GRAPHICAL USER AUTHENTICATION APPROACHES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, authentication technology is the main measure to guarantee information security, and the most common and convenient authentication method in use is the alphanumeric password. However, their inherent defects led to the development of graphical password as an alternative. Graphical password which uses images as passwords, rather than alphanumeric characters is motivated particularly by the fact that it is generally easier for users to remember and recall images than words, and it is conceivable that graphical password would be able to provide better security than alphanumeric password. Authentication, authorization and auditing are the most important issues of security on data communication. In particular, authentication is the life of every individual essential closest friend. The user authentication security is dependent on the strength of user password. A secure password is usually random, strange, very long and difficult to remember. For most users, remember these irregular passwords are very difficult. To easily remember and security are two sides of one coin. Graphical password authentication technology is the use of click on the image to replace input some characters. The graphical user interface can help user easy to create and remember their secure passwords. However, in the graphical password system based on images can provide an alternative password, but too many images will be a large database to store issue. In this thesis, a study of various schemes of graphical user authentication is made and also several challenges in graphical authentication are discussed.

Radhika?

2014-09-01

23

Automation of user analysis workflow in CMS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CMS has a distributed computing model, based on a hierarchy of tiered regional computing centres. However, the end physicist is not interested in the details of the computing model nor the complexity of the underlying infrastructure, but only to access and use efficiently and easily the remote services. The CMS Remote Analysis Builder (CRAB) is the official CMS tool that allows the access to the distributed data in a transparent way. We present the current development direction, which is focused on improving the interface presented to the user and adding intelligence to CRAB such that it can be used to automate more and more the work done on behalf of user. We also present the status of deployment of the CRAB system and the lessons learnt in deploying this tool to the CMS collaboration.

24

Analysis of the Skpos® users Initialisation Times  

Science.gov (United States)

From the establishment of the Slovak real time positioning service (SKPOS®), the reference stations' observations, network solutions and outputs from the user communications with the service control software were set for archiving. Today we know that all those archived data have the potential to give us valuable information about the service's character and quality and about the conditions during the performance of Real time Kinematic (RTK) measurements. After conducting some analyses, we are able to easily understand how important factors such as the number of satellites used, the state of the ionosphere, network solutions in the border zone, densification of the network, etc., can affect those measurements. For those purposes the users' initialisation times derived from the archived National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) messages are used in advance. As a tool for analysis the new Application for SKPOS® Monitoring and R

Droš?ák, Branislav; Smolík, Karol

2014-09-01

25

Video stereolization: combining motion analysis with user interaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a semiautomatic system that converts conventional videos into stereoscopic videos by combining motion analysis with user interaction, aiming to transfer as much as possible labeling work from the user to the computer. In addition to the widely used structure from motion (SFM) techniques, we develop two new methods that analyze the optical flow to provide additional qualitative depth constraints. They remove the camera movement restriction imposed by SFM so that general motions can be used in scene depth estimation-the central problem in mono-to-stereo conversion. With these algorithms, the user's labeling task is significantly simplified. We further developed a quadratic programming approach to incorporate both quantitative depth and qualitative depth (such as these from user scribbling) to recover dense depth maps for all frames, from which stereoscopic view can be synthesized. In addition to visual results, we present user study results showing that our approach is more intuitive and less labor intensive, while producing 3D effect comparable to that from current state-of-the-art interactive algorithms. PMID:21690648

Liao, Miao; Gao, Jizhou; Yang, Ruigang; Gong, Minglun

2012-07-01

26

Evaluation of Microblog Users’ Influence Based on PageRank and Users Behavior Analysis  

OpenAIRE

This paper explores the uses’ influences on microblog. At first, according to the social network theory, we present an analysis of information transmitting network structure based on the relationship of following and followed phenomenon of microblog users. Informed by the microblog user behavior analysis, the paper also addresses a model for calculating wei...

Lijuan Huang; Yeming Xiong

2013-01-01

27

Semantic compared cross impact analysis  

OpenAIRE

The aim of cross impact analysis (CIA) is to predict the impact of a first event on a second. For organizations strategic planning, it is helpful to identify the impacts among organizations internal events and to compare these impacts to the corresponding impacts of external events from organizations competitors. For this, literature has introduced compared cross impact analysis (CCIA) that depicts advantages and disadvantages of the relationships between organizations events to the relations...

Thorleuchter, Dirk; Den Poel, Dirk

2014-01-01

28

Social network based microblog user behavior analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of microblog on information transmission is becoming more and more obvious. By characterizing the behavior of following and being followed as out-degree and in-degree respectively, a microblog social network was built in this paper. It was found to have short diameter of connected graph, short average path length and high average clustering coefficient. The distributions of out-degree, in-degree and total number of microblogs posted present power-law characters. The exponent of total number distribution of microblogs is negatively correlated with the degree of each user. With the increase of degree, the exponent decreases much slower. Based on empirical analysis, we proposed a social network based human dynamics model in this paper, and pointed out that inducing drive and spontaneous drive lead to the behavior of posting microblogs. The simulation results of our model match well with practical situation.

Yan, Qiang; Wu, Lianren; Zheng, Lan

2013-04-01

29

Factors affecting mobile users' switching intentions: a comparative study between the brazilian and german markets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In the competitive wireless market, there are many drivers behind customer defection. Switching barriers, service performance, perceived value in carriers' offers, satisfaction and other constructs can play a pivotal role in customer switching processes among carriers. This study attempts to compare [...] the influence of these factors, taking into account cultural similarities and dissimilarities, between Brazilian and German mobile users. A survey was conducted on two samples, comprising 202 users in Brazil and 200 users in Germany, with culture being employed as a context variable to compare their behavior. Analysis by means of multi-group structural equation modeling suggests that, in both countries, customer satisfaction, service performance and perceived value have important roles in defining customer switching intentions, while switching barriers did not prove to have significant effects upon switching behavior. The results also suggest that the two cultures are sufficiently similar (considering the sample and the variables involved in the model) to not present differences in the studied consumer behavior, except for the effect of service performance upon satisfaction.

Rodrigo C., Martins; Luis Fernando, Hor-Meyll; Jorge Brantes, Ferreira.

2013-09-01

30

User controlled analysis of gamma ray spectra  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The program 'ANGES' was designed as a general purpose high-resolution ? ray spectrometry program. It offers all main features as commercial software packages except control of acquisition process. The program is able to perform automatic analysis of spectra but it is announced as 'user controlled' because it supplies all intermediate results and gives the opportunity these results to be analyzed and corrected by the user. ANGES offers: multi document Windows interface; detailed visualization of spectra; nuclide library based on another contribution to CRP; energy and FWHM calibrations calculated by means of orthonormal polynomial fitting; peak processing engine based on a non-linear LSQ method for fitting peaks; peak location engine, based on first derivative method is provided to ease the preparation of a spectrum for processing; two methods for efficiency calibration (an efficiency calibration curve and reference table); peak identification and activity calculation procedure; a number of corrections (true coincidence summing, background correction, pile up rejection and so on); an option for processing series of similar spectra. The fitting procedure can be applied to the whole spectrum or to a single Region-of-Interest (ROI). The assumed peak shape is pure Gaussian. All peaks in single ROI are assumed to have the same FWHM. The maximum number of peaks in a single ROI is restricted to 25, the maximum ROI length is 512 channels, and the baseline is described with a polynomial of a degree up to 4. As a result of the identification procedure a report file is issued containing spectrum processing results, list of identified and not identified peaks, list of identified nuclides and background nuclides. (author)

31

Consumption capability analysis for Micro-blog users based on data mining  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data mining is an effective method of discovering useful information in a large amount of data. Thecapability of understanding the user’s consumptionis vital for a company. Discovering the significantcustomers allows the company to focus on the most valuable customers. This paper uses micro-blog users’check-in data and shop information for analysis andcluster method of data mining. We analyze user’sspending ability quantitatively based on user’s check-in actions. Compared with other clustering method, wechoose DBSCAN clustering method of data mining to analyze the shop information and position. Users aredivided into different categories according to their spending power. Discovering the users with highconsumption level in large amounts of data, which is significant for a firm, can help the firm developbetterstrategies.

Yue Sun

2013-07-01

32

Comparative analysis of biological networks  

OpenAIRE

Recent developments in molecular biology have resulted in experimental data that entails the relationships and interactions between biomolecules. Biomolecular interaction data, generally referred to as biological or cellular networks, are frequently abstracted using graph models. In systems biology, comparative analysis of these networks provides understanding of functional modularity in the cell by integrating cellular organization, functional hierarchy, and evolutionary conservation. In thi...

Koyuturk, Mehmet

2006-01-01

33

Analysis of user profile in social networks  

OpenAIRE

With this work it is intended to create / identify user profiles through their actions on social networks. This identification is to determine, in a specific way, which profile each user has, linking between the following dimensions and their sets of variables: sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, education, situation before the economic activity indicator and occupational class) the specific type of aggregate practices conducted over the internet (study, work, services, search f...

Rodrigues, Ada?o Carlos Fernandes

2013-01-01

34

Nuclear power ecology: comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ecological effects of different energy sources are compared. Main actions for further nuclear power development - safety increase and waste management, are noted. Reasons of restrained public position to nuclear power and role of social and political factors in it are analyzed. An attempt is undertaken to separate real difficulties of nuclear power from imaginary ones that appear in some mass media. International actions of environment protection are noted. Risk factors at different energy source using are compared. The results of analysis indicate that ecological influence and risk for nuclear power are of minimum

35

Comparative loneliness of users versus nonusers of online chatting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Online chatting is an important component of improving interpersonal relationships online, but it may reduce participants' communication time with family members. We conducted a study of the relationship between participants' intent to engage in online chatting and three dimensions of loneliness: social, familial, and romantic. This study was designed to show the effect of online chatting on each of these three dimensions of loneliness. The participants in the study were 709 students at two universities in Taiwan who were classified on the basis of whether or not they had ever engaged in online chatting. Of the participants, 651 (91.82%) fully completed the questionnaires that served as the study instruments and were included in data analysis. The study found that individuals who had participated in online chatting exhibited greater familial loneliness than those who had not because the time spent in online chatting reduced the time spent in familial relationships. Social loneliness was related to the quality of Internet relationships rather than to the time spent online. Individuals who participated in online chatting had less romantic loneliness because of a greater ease of maintaining romantic relationships online. We conclude that online chatting can reduce social loneliness through high-quality Internet relationships but may exacerbate familial loneliness. PMID:21329441

Ong, Chorng-Shyong; Chang, Shu-Chen; Wang, Chih-Chien

2011-01-01

36

A Study on Library Users’ Satisfaction Evaluation Using Sentimental Analysis  

OpenAIRE

This paper employs the sentimental analysis to study the library users’ satisfactory evaluation, where users’ opinions were classified as positive, neutral and negative, respectively. To provide the immediate library service improvement, the graphic representation is further used to show evaluation results. After collecting the library users’ opinions from micro webs, i.e., Plurk, to be the corpus, the corpus was then pre-processed and annotated manually. Moreover, all the related dicti...

June-Jei Kuo; Yu-Jung Zhang

2013-01-01

37

Characteristics of Bitcoin Users: An Analysis of Google Search Data  

OpenAIRE

The anonymity of Bitcoin prevents analysis of its users. We collect Google Trends data to examine determinants of interest in Bitcoin. Based on anecdotal evidence regarding Bitcoin users, we construct proxies for four possible clientele: computer programming enthusiasts, speculative investors, Libertarians, and criminals. Computer programming and illegal activity search terms are positively correlated with Bitcoin interest, while Libertarian and investment terms are not.

Wilson, Matthew; Yelowitz, Aaron

2014-01-01

38

User-definable bull's-eye database analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We developed a type of bull's-eye analysis which facilitates user-defined processing, and then explored the effects of various types of processing on the comparisons of patient information with that of reference databases. Male and female bull's-eye database were generated from 32 normal patients using unweighted 2D prefiltering, ramp backprojection, unweighted 3D postfiltering, and peak value circumferential plotting (base method). The data from each patient were then reprocessed and compared to the databases by means of three different approaches: (1) using the base method, (2) using average as opposed to peak value profiles, and (3) using a resolution recovery prefilter instead of a smoothing prefilter. Significant differences in the number of apparently abnormal regions were found between the three methods. In other words, the type of SPET-processing affected the accuracy of comparisons between patient and database information. Because even sophisticated analysis can now be performed on personal computers, we conclude that, rather than a pre-processed data file, clinical ''normal reference'' information should consist of original SPET data from a series of documented normal patients. Each user could then generate reference bull's-eye database by applying his or her own clinical processing procedures to the data. (orig./MG)

39

ORMONTE, Uncertainty Analysis for User-Developed System Models  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

1 - Description of program or function: ORMONTE is a generic multivariable uncertainty analysis driver which can be linked to any FORTRAN model supplied by the user. The user tells ORMONTE which variables in his model are uncertain and describes the associated probability distributions. The user also tells ORMONTE which outputs from his model are of interest and for which uncertainty profiles are desired. Given the uncertainties in the inputs, ORMONTE samples the user-defined input distributions and 'drives' or runs the users model enough times such that a probability histogram or profile is constructed for the user-defined outputs of interest. ORMONTE can also perform sequential one-variable-at-a-time sensitivity studies and elasticity analysis. The user-supplied model is not restricted to a shielding model. Any FORTRAN model where uncertain outputs can be represented as functions of uncertain, independent inputs can be used. The ORMONTE package includes a set of Probability Data Analysis (PDA) routines for converting raw probability data into probability distribution format suitable for input to ORMONTE. 2 - Method of solution: ORMONTE uses the Monte Carlo technique to sample user-defined input probability distributions. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: None noted

40

Statistical Analysis and Learning Method on Users' Feedbacks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: The purpose of this study was constructing an effective algorithm in order to learn the users? feedbacks from their displayed visualization. This is due to existing visualization tools typically involve presenting network data regardless of considering level of network data knowledge among different levels of computer users. The machine learning algorithm has been applied in order to find the most effective statistical analysis and learning algorithm in learning users? feedbacks. Approach: The objectives of this study were to conduct statistical analysis and learning algorithm model for different levels of computer users? feedbacks and procedure to test the classifier. Results: WEKA the machine learning workbench that supports many activities of machine learning practitioners will be used to implement the proposed algorithm. The implemented program will work as training testing model. Conclusion: We can produce an adaptive visualization to the different levels of computer users as we have learnt their feedbacks (behavior and update the classifier model.

Doris H.T. Wong

2011-01-01

41

Comparative Analysis of Classifier Fusers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many methods of decision making by an ensemble of classifiers. The most popular are methods that have their origin in voting method, where the decision of the common classifier is a combination of individual classifiers’ outputs. This work presents comparative analysis of some classifier fusion methods based on weighted voting of classifiers’ responses and combination of classifiers’ discriminant functions. We discus different methods of producing combined classifiers based on weights. We show that it is notpossible to obtain classifier better than an abstract model of committee known as an Oracle if it is based only on weighted voting but models based on discriminant function or classifier using feature values and class numbers could outperform the Oracle as well. Delivered conclusions are confirmed by the results of computer experiments carried out on benchmark and computer generated data.

Marcin Zmyslony

2012-06-01

42

TRANSNET: a user-accessible network of transportation analysis models  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Models and associated data bases, developed under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Transportation Technology Center at Sandia National Laboratories, have been used to support transportation analysis efforts for specific sites and for the assessments of the impacts of transportation of specific waste forms to processing/storage sites. TRANSNET, an interactive computer network, was developed to allow outside users access to these models. TRANSNET contains the most recent versions of models developed under DOE/TTC sponsorship - code modifications that have been made since the last published documentation is noted to the user on the TRANSNET screens. To permit a greater spectrum of users to utilize the models, considerable attention has been given to making the models user-friendly and in providing default data sets for typical problems. TRANSNET access and use is limited to support of DOE related program activities; for such activities there are currently no access or user charges

43

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) calculates the consequences of the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. Using a personal computer, a user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or nuclear criticalities. RSAC-5 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated through the inhalation, immersion, ground surface, and ingestion pathways. RSAC+, a menu-driven companion program to RSAC-5, assists users in creating and running RSAC-5 input files. This user's manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-5 and RSAC+. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-5 and RSAC+. These programs are designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods

44

Reinforcing user data analysis with Ganga in the LHC era: scalability, monitoring and user-support  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ganga is a grid job submission and management system widely used in the ATLAS and LHCb experiments and several other communities in the context of the EGEE project. The particle physics communities have entered the LHC operation era which brings new challenges for user data analysis: a strong growth in the number of users and jobs is already noticeable. Current work in the Ganga project is focusing on dealing with these challenges. In recent Ganga releases the support for the pilot job based grid systems Panda and Dirac of the ATLAS and LHCb experiment respectively have been strengthened. A more scalable job repository architecture, which allows efficient storage of many thousands of jobs in XML or several database formats, was recently introduced. A better integration with monitoring systems, including the Dashboard and job execution monitor systems is underway. These will provide comprehensive and easy job monitoring. A simple to use error reporting tool integrated at the Ganga command-line will help to improve user support and debugging user problems. Ganga is a mature, stable and widely-used tool with long-term support from the HEP community. We report on how it is being constantly improved following the user needs for faster and easier distributed data analysis on the grid.

45

An Analysis of User Attitudes to SNS  

OpenAIRE

Social Networking Service (SNS) have become widely used in Japan in recent years with Facebook, mixi and Twitter being the most popular. These are used in various fields of life together with the convenient devices such as smart-phones. A questionnaire investigation was used to clarify the current usage condition, issues and desired function etc. Information for marketing purposes was then extracted. Fundamental Statistical Analysis, Multi Corresponding Analysis, Quantitative Analysis and Tex...

Tsuyoshi Aburai; Yasuo Ishii; Kazuhiro Takeyasu

2013-01-01

46

CMS Configuration Editor: GUI based application for user analysis job  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the user interface and the software architecture of the Configuration Editor for the CMS experiment. The analysis workflow is organized in a modular way integrated within the CMS framework that organizes in a flexible way user analysis code. The Python scripting language is adopted to define the job configuration that drives the analysis workflow. It could be a challenging task for users, especially for newcomers, to develop analysis jobs managing the configuration of many required modules. For this reason a graphical tool has been conceived in order to edit and inspect configuration files. A set of common analysis tools defined in the CMS Physics Analysis Toolkit (PAT) can be steered and configured using the Config Editor. A user-defined analysis workflow can be produced starting from a standard configuration file, applying and configuring PAT tools according to the specific user requirements. CMS users can adopt this tool, the Config Editor, to create their analysis visualizing in real time which are the effects of their actions. They can visualize the structure of their configuration, look at the modules included in the workflow, inspect the dependences existing among the modules and check the data flow. They can visualize at which values parameters are set and change them according to what is required by their analysis task. The integration of common tools in the GUI needed to adopt an object-oriented structure in the Python definition of the PAT tools in the Python definition of the PAT tools and the definition of a layer of abstraction from which all PAT tools inherit.

47

Comparative Analysis of Yandex and Google Search Engines  

OpenAIRE

This thesis presents a comparative analysis of algorithms and information retrieval performance of two search engines: Yandex and Google in the Russian language. Comparing two search engines is usually done with user satisfaction studies and market share measures in addition to the basic comparison measures. Yandex is the most popular search engine in Russia, while Google is the most popular search engine in the world and well known for the quality of the results. The most common opinion a...

Paananen, Anna

2012-01-01

48

A Study on Library Users’ Satisfaction Evaluation Using Sentimental Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper employs the sentimental analysis to study the library users’ satisfactory evaluation, where users’ opinions were classified as positive, neutral and negative, respectively. To provide the immediate library service improvement, the graphic representation is further used to show evaluation results. After collecting the library users’ opinions from micro webs, i.e., Plurk, to be the corpus, the corpus was then pre-processed and annotated manually. Moreover, all the related dictionaries for sentimental analysis were constructed. accuracy each category, were employed to cluster the corpus into five categories. Furthermore, two new sentimental analyses for library satisfactory evaluation were proposed, which include introducing degree words, negatives and sentimental words weights, and introducing sentimental polarities and categories, respectively. Experimental results showed that both KNN and sentimental analysis introducing sentimental polarities and categories obtain better satisfactory evaluation results. Furthermore, all the constructed dictionaries for sentimental analysis were shown their feasibility as well.

June-Jei Kuo

2013-06-01

49

Toxic gas accident analysis code user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the offsite hazards which could threaten the safety of a nuclear power plant is nearby transportation accidents involving releases of toxic gases or volatile liquids. Significant releases of such materials could endanger the plant through incapacitation of control room personnel. An interactive computer program has been developed to aid in the evaluation of control room habitability for these accidents. The first part of the program can be used to study the time history of toxic material concentrations in the control room under varying external conditions, all of which can be specified by the user. The second part estimates the annual probability of operator incapacitation at a particular plant due to nearby accidents on roads or rail lines, or at storage sites. A data base manager is provided so that all data (site and route layouts, plant characteristics, meteorological data, and chemical data) can be entered and maintained in a convenient format. The program was developed for use on CDC computers using the NOS time-sharing system

50

An Analysis of User Attitudes to SNS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social Networking Service (SNS have become widely used in Japan in recent years with Facebook, mixi and Twitter being the most popular. These are used in various fields of life together with the convenient devices such as smart-phones. A questionnaire investigation was used to clarify the current usage condition, issues and desired function etc. Information for marketing purposes was then extracted. Fundamental Statistical Analysis, Multi Corresponding Analysis, Quantitative Analysis and Text Minig Analysis were then performed. Reviewing past research, there are some related papers, but they do not include new tools which are evolving rapidly. Moreover there has been little research conducted on this precise topic. Some interesting results were obtained.

Tsuyoshi Aburai

2013-04-01

51

User-assisted aortic aneurysm analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Aortic Aneurysms (AA) are the 13th leading cause of death in the US. In standard clinical practice, intervention is initiated when the maximal diameter cross-sectional reaches 5.5cm. However, this is a 1D measure and it has been suggested in the literature that higher order measurements (area, volume) might be more appropriate clinically. Unfortunately, no commercially available tools exist for extracting a 3D model of the epithelial layer (versus the lumen) of the vessel. Therefore, we present work towards semi-automatically recovering the aorta from CT angiography volumes with the aim to facilitate such studies. We build our work upon a previous approach to this problem. Bodur et. al., presented a variant of the iso-perimetric algorithm to semi-automatically segment several individual aortic cross-sections across longitudinal studies, quantifying any growth. As a by-product of these sparse cross-sections, it is possible to form a series of rough 3D models of the aorta. In this work we focus on creating a more detailed 3D model at a single time point by automatically recovering the aorta between the sparse user-initiated segmentations. Briefly, we fit a tube model to the sparse segmentations to approximate the cross-sections at intermediate regions, refine the approximations and apply the isoperimetric algorithm to them. From these resulting dense cross-sections we reconstruct our model. We applied our technique to 12 clinical datasets which included significant amounts of thrombus. Comparisons of the automatically recovered cross-sections with cross-sections drawn by an expert resulted in an average difference of .3cm for diameter and 2cm^2 for area.

Ouvrard, Amandine; Renapuraar, Rahul; Setser, Randolph M.; Flamm, Scott; O'Donnell, Thomas

2009-02-01

52

Relay Selection and Performance Analysis in Multiple-User Networks  

CERN Document Server

This paper investigates the relay selection (RS) problem in networks with multiple users and multiple common amplify-and-forward (AF) relays. Considering the overall quality-of-service of the network, we first specify our definition of optimal RS for multiple-user relay networks. Then an optimal RS (ORS) algorithm is provided, which is a straightforward extension of an RS scheme in the literature that maximizes the minimum end-to-end receive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of all users. The complexity of the ORS is quadratic in both the number of users and the number of relays. Then a suboptimal RS (SRS) scheme is proposed, which has linear complexity in the number of relays and quadratic complexity in the number of users. Furthermore, diversity orders of both the ORS and the proposed SRS are theoretically derived and compared with those of a naive RS scheme and the single-user RS network. It is shown that the ORS achieves full diversity; while the diversity order of the SRS decreases with the the number of users...

Atapattu, Saman; Jiang, Hai; Tellambura, Chintha

2011-01-01

53

Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester parameters be held and managed in a single managed data repository, while allows users to customize standard values and perform individual analysis. Server-based calculations can be easily extended, versions and upgrades managed, and any changes are immediately available to all users. This user manual describes how to use and/or modify input database tables, run DANA, view and modify reports.

Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

2012-10-01

54

Subsatellite Orbital Analysis Program (SOAP) user's guide  

Science.gov (United States)

The features and use of the subsatellite operational analysis are examined. The model simulates several Earth-orbiting vehicles, their pilots, control systems, and interaction with the environment. The use of the program, input and output capabilities, executive structures, and properties of the vehicles and environmental effects which it models are described.

Castle, K. G.; Voss, J. M.; Gibson, J. S.

1981-01-01

55

ECONOMIC GROWTH ANALYSIS SYSTEM: USER'S GUIDE  

Science.gov (United States)

The two-volume report describes the development of, and provides information needed to operate, a prototype Economic Growth Analysis System (E-GAS) modeling system. he model will be used to project emissions inventories of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), oxides of nitrogen (NO...

56

Primary User Emulation Attacks Analysis for Cognitive Radio Networks Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cognitive Radio Network is an effective technology and a hot research direction which can solve the problem of deficient resource and revolutionize utilization. And its safety technology attracts more and more researches. Primary user emulation attacks (PUEAs are typically easy and largely affecting. PUEAs come from both malicious misbehavior secondary users (MMUs and selfish misbehavior secondary users (SMUs. The former is studied much more deeply than the later one. Distinguishing MMU and SMU, we propose a Four Dimensional Continuous Time Markov Chain model to analyze the communication performance of normal secondary users under PUEAs, and typically affected by SMUs. Furthermore, we compare several PUEA detection schemes. The emulation results indicate that the SMU detection mechanism is essential for the PUEA detection schemes, which can improve the detection effects largely.

Wang Shan-Shan

2013-07-01

57

User-level sentiment analysis incorporating social networks  

CERN Document Server

We show that information about social relationships can be used to improve user-level sentiment analysis. The main motivation behind our approach is that users that are somehow "connected" may be more likely to hold similar opinions; therefore, relationship information can complement what we can extract about a user's viewpoints from their utterances. Employing Twitter as a source for our experimental data, and working within a semi-supervised framework, we propose models that are induced either from the Twitter follower/followee network or from the network in Twitter formed by users referring to each other using "@" mentions. Our transductive learning results reveal that incorporating social-network information can indeed lead to statistically significant sentiment-classification improvements over the performance of an approach based on Support Vector Machines having access only to textual features.

Tan, Chenhao; Tang, Jie; Jiang, Long; Zhou, Ming; Li, Ping

2011-01-01

58

Spectral analysis program. Volume 1: User's guide  

Science.gov (United States)

The spectral analysis program (SAP) was developed to provide the Manned Spacecraft Center with the capability of computing the power spectrum of a phase or frequency modulated high frequency carrier wave. Previous power spectrum computational techniques were restricted to relatively simple modulating signals because of excessive computational time, even on a high speed digital computer. The present technique uses the recently developed extended fast Fourier transform and represents a generalized approach for simple and complex modulating signals. The present technique is especially convenient for implementation of a variety of low-pass filters for the modulating signal and bandpass filters for the modulated signal.

Hayden, W. L.

1972-01-01

59

Comparative analysis of metal samples  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Metal wastes were analysed to establish its origin with respect to a set of pieces. The elemental analysis was realized using the PIXE technique (Proton induced X-ray emission). Results are presented. (Author)

60

User`s manual of a support system for human reliability analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many kinds of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, users are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer (PC) based support system for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system consists of two methods, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability (HEP) data were collected and a database of them was built to use for the support system. This paper describes outline of the HRA methods, support functions and user`s guide of the system. (author).

Yokobayashi, Masao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Tamura, Kazuo

1995-10-01

61

Residence time distribution software analysis. User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiotracer applications cover a wide range of industrial activities in chemical and metallurgical processes, water treatment, mineral processing, environmental protection and civil engineering. Experiment design, data acquisition, treatment and interpretation are the basic elements of tracer methodology. The application of radiotracers to determine impulse response as RTD as well as the technical conditions for conducting experiments in industry and in the environment create a need for data processing using special software. Important progress has been made during recent years in the preparation of software programs for data treatment and interpretation. The software package developed for industrial process analysis and diagnosis by the stimulus-response methods contains all the methods for data processing for radiotracer experiments

62

Characteristics of young adult crack-cocaine users in Brazil: A sex- and gender-based analysis  

OpenAIRE

Crack-cocaine use represents a major social and public health challenge in Brazil. Important sex and gender differences have been found among crack users in other countries, but little comparative data exists regarding male and female crack users in Brazil. This secondary, sex-and-gender-based analysis explores potential sex differences in key characteristics of a community-based sample of young crack users (n=159) in two Brazilian cities. Participants completed an anonymous questionnaire on ...

Tiesmaki, Maija Siobhan

2013-01-01

63

User's operating procedures. Volume 2: Scout project financial analysis program  

Science.gov (United States)

A review is presented of the user's operating procedures for the Scout Project Automatic Data system, called SPADS. SPADS is the result of the past seven years of software development on a Prime mini-computer located at the Scout Project Office, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. SPADS was developed as a single entry, multiple cross-reference data management and information retrieval system for the automation of Project office tasks, including engineering, financial, managerial, and clerical support. This volume, two (2) of three (3), provides the instructions to operate the Scout Project Financial Analysis program in data retrieval and file maintenance via the user friendly menu drivers.

Harris, C. G.; Haris, D. K.

1985-01-01

64

Software Users Manual (SUM): Extended Testability Analysis (ETA) Tool  

Science.gov (United States)

This software user manual describes the implementation and use the Extended Testability Analysis (ETA) Tool. The ETA Tool is a software program that augments the analysis and reporting capabilities of a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) testability analysis software package called the Testability Engineering And Maintenance System (TEAMS) Designer. An initial diagnostic assessment is performed by the TEAMS Designer software using a qualitative, directed-graph model of the system being analyzed. The ETA Tool utilizes system design information captured within the diagnostic model and testability analysis output from the TEAMS Designer software to create a series of six reports for various system engineering needs. The ETA Tool allows the user to perform additional studies on the testability analysis results by determining the detection sensitivity to the loss of certain sensors or tests. The ETA Tool was developed to support design and development of the NASA Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle. The diagnostic analysis provided by the ETA Tool was proven to be valuable system engineering output that provided consistency in the verification of system engineering requirements. This software user manual provides a description of each output report generated by the ETA Tool. The manual also describes the example diagnostic model and supporting documentation - also provided with the ETA Tool software release package - that were used to generate the reports presented in the manual

Maul, William A.; Fulton, Christopher E.

2011-01-01

65

User's manual of a support system for human reliability analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many kinds of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, users are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer (PC) based support system for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system consists of two methods, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability (HEP) data were collected and a database of them was built to use for the support system. This paper describes outline of the HRA methods, support functions and user's guide of the system. (author)

66

Development of output user interface software to support analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Data processing software packages such as VSOP and MCNPX are softwares that has been scientifically proven and complete. The result of VSOP and MCNPX are huge and complex text files. In the analyze process, user need additional processing like Microsoft Excel to show informative result. This research develop an user interface software for output of VSOP and MCNPX. VSOP program output is used to support neutronic analysis and MCNPX program output is used to support burn-up analysis. Software development using iterative development methods which allow for revision and addition of features according to user needs. Processing time with this software 500 times faster than with conventional methods using Microsoft Excel. PYTHON is used as a programming language, because Python is available for all major operating systems: Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, among others. Values that support neutronic analysis are k-eff, burn-up and mass Pu239 and Pu241. Burn-up analysis used the mass inventory values of actinide (Thorium, Plutonium, Neptunium and Uranium). Values are visualized in graphical shape to support analysis.

Wahanani, Nursinta Adi; Natsir, Khairina; Hartini, Entin

2014-09-01

67

Development of output user interface software to support analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Data processing software packages such as VSOP and MCNPX are softwares that has been scientifically proven and complete. The result of VSOP and MCNPX are huge and complex text files. In the analyze process, user need additional processing like Microsoft Excel to show informative result. This research develop an user interface software for output of VSOP and MCNPX. VSOP program output is used to support neutronic analysis and MCNPX program output is used to support burn-up analysis. Software development using iterative development methods which allow for revision and addition of features according to user needs. Processing time with this software 500 times faster than with conventional methods using Microsoft Excel. PYTHON is used as a programming language, because Python is available for all major operating systems: Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, among others. Values that support neutronic analysis are k-eff, burn-up and mass Pu239 and Pu241. Burn-up analysis used the mass inventory values of actinide (Thorium, Plutonium, Neptunium and Uranium). Values are visualized in graphical shape to support analysis

68

Rent control: a comparative analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders - and consequential homelessness - on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do [...] not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socioeconomic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease shoul

S, Maass.

69

RENT CONTROL: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders – and consequential homelessness – on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socio-economic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease should not be imposed in an absolutist fashion but rather place a

Sue-Mari Maass

2012-11-01

70

User`s Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A D

1992-08-01

71

Graphical User Interface for Simulink Integrated Performance Analysis Model  

Science.gov (United States)

The J-2X Engine (built by Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne,) in the Upper Stage of the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle, will only start within a certain range of temperature and pressure for Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Oxygen propellants. The purpose of the Simulink Integrated Performance Analysis Model is to verify that in all reasonable conditions the temperature and pressure of the propellants are within the required J-2X engine start boxes. In order to run the simulation, test variables must be entered at all reasonable values of parameters such as heat leak and mass flow rate. To make this testing process as efficient as possible in order to save the maximum amount of time and money, and to show that the J-2X engine will start when it is required to do so, a graphical user interface (GUI) was created to allow the input of values to be used as parameters in the Simulink Model, without opening or altering the contents of the model. The GUI must allow for test data to come from Microsoft Excel files, allow those values to be edited before testing, place those values into the Simulink Model, and get the output from the Simulink Model. The GUI was built using MATLAB, and will run the Simulink simulation when the Simulate option is activated. After running the simulation, the GUI will construct a new Microsoft Excel file, as well as a MATLAB matrix file, using the output values for each test of the simulation so that they may graphed and compared to other values.

Durham, R. Caitlyn

2009-01-01

72

User's manual for the Composite HTGR Analysis Program (CHAP-1)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CHAP-1 is the first release version of an HTGR overall plant simulation program with both steady-state and transient solution capabilities. It consists of a model-independent systems analysis program and a collection of linked modules, each representing one or more components of the HTGR plant. Detailed instructions on the operation of the code and detailed descriptions of the HTGR model are provided. Information is also provided to allow the user to easily incorporate additional component modules, to modify or replace existing modules, or to incorporate a completely new simulation model into the CHAP systems analysis framework

73

User-Needs Analysis in Early Design of Emerging Technologies: The Case of Augmented Reality of Automotive Maintenance Technicians' Training  

OpenAIRE

The goal of this PhD work is to compare the advantages and the disadvantages of different methods used for user-needs analysis in early design of an emerging technology, namely Augmented Reality (AR). This technology should be applied to the training of automotive maintenance technicians. After a literature review on the ergonomics issues of AR for maintenance and training, we present four studies using three methods for user-needs analysis (semi-directed interviews, observation-based task an...

Anastassova, Margarita

2006-01-01

74

User`s Guide for the NREL Force and Loads Analysis Program. Version 2.2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The following report gives the reader an overview of and instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Force and Loads Analysis Program (FLAP, version 2.2). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for two- or three-bladed rigid hub wind turbines. The effects of turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed rigid hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A D

1992-08-01

75

Development of a task analysis tool to facilitate user interface design  

Science.gov (United States)

A good user interface is one that facilitates the user in carrying out his task. Such interfaces are difficult and costly to produce. The most important aspect in producing a good interface is the ability to communicate to the software designers what the user's task is. The Task Analysis Tool is a system for cooperative task analysis and specification of the user interface requirements. This tool is intended to serve as a guide to development of initial prototypes for user feedback.

Scholtz, Jean C.

1992-01-01

76

Architecture of collaborating frameworks: simulation, visualisation, user interface and analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In modern high energy and astrophysics experiments the variety of user requirements and the complexity of the problem domain often involve the collaboration of several software frameworks, and different components are responsible for providing the functionalities related to each domain. For instance, a common use case consists in studying the physics effects and the detector performance, resulting from primary events, in a given detector configuration, to evaluate the physics reach of the experiment or optimise the detector design. Such a study typically involves various components: Simulation, Visualisation, Analysis and (interactive) User Interface. The authors focus on the design aspects of the collaboration of these frameworks and on the technologies that help to simplify the complex process of software design

77

Comparative Analysis of Virtual Education Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research was conducted in order to make comparative analysis of virtual education applications. The research is conducted in survey model. The study group consists of total 300 institutes providing virtual education in the fall, spring and summer semesters of 2004; 246 in USA, 10 in Australia, 3 in South Africa, 10 in India, 21 in UK, 6 in Japan, 4 in Turkey. The information has been collected by online questionnaire sent to the target mass by e-mail. The questionnaire has been developed in two information categories as personal information and institutes and their virtual education applications. The English web design of the online questionnaire and the database has been prepared by Microsoft ASP codes which is the script language of Microsoft Front Page editor and has been tested on personal web site. The questionnaire has been pre applied in institutions providing virtual education in Australia. The English text of the questionnaire and web site design have been sent to educational technology and virtual education specialists in the countries of the study group. With the feedback received, the spelling mistakes have been corrected and concept and language validity have been completed. The application of the questionnaire has taken 40 weeks during March-November 2004. Only 135 institutes have replied. Two of the questionnaires have been discharged because they included mistaken coding, names of the institutions and countries. Valid 133 questionnaires cover approximately 44% of the study group. Questionnaires saved in the online database have been transferred to Microsoft Excel and then to SPSS by external database connection. In regards of the research objectives, the data collected has been analyzed on computer and by using SPSS statistics package program. In data analysis frequency (f, percentage (% and arithmetic mean ( have been used. In comparisons of country, institute, year, and other variables, che-square test, independent t-Test and one way variance analysis (F Test have been used. Kruskal-Wallis H test and Mann-Whitney U test have been used. Although virtual education applications differentiate in choices and applications in different countries, education levels and types, after completion of the data analysis it is seen that study group consists of people whom are graduate and undergraduate level, personal users having education expectations, between the ages of 18-45 and working full time. They mostly offer programs providing undergraduate and graduate education in social sciences, giving accredited document, certificate and title. It is seen that most of the instructors have taken a planned education and they are mostly working as full time instructors and they are taking technical support. Financial resources are obtained from fees taken from students and the resources are mostly used for personnel costs. In applications central administration and organization take place and it is seen that they interfere with universities, for physical facilities they use information process centers and virtual classrooms, and for infrastructure and support services they use information process services. It is seen that while in the teaching process they use both synchronous and asynchronous presentation technologies; in order to support course content they use e-mail, web, cd, and course book technologies to provide basic learning environment function; they prefer different environments to cover face to face education needs; they take self learning and collaboration as basis and they take projects and term paper evaluations serious; they mostly prefer multiple choice tests and they usually make virtual courses exams through the internet. Regarding the characteristics of their institutions’ applications, the study group have agreed on mostly to connection and being dependent on connection opportunities. A significant difference between their institutions’ characteristics and the model for developing computer labs, when they had started to provide virtual lessons and presentation technologies u

Mehmet KURT

2006-10-01

78

A Comparative Study of Library Surveys of Internet Users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compares data collected in library surveys of Internet users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001 to provide information on changes in library users' Internet use behavior, satisfaction levels, and problems in using the Internet. Discusses use of the university library home page; search strategies; and search training. (Author/LRW)

Bao, Xue-Ming

2002-01-01

79

Architecture of collaborating frameworks simulation, visualisation, user interface and analysis  

CERN Document Server

The Anaphe project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments. A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities; on top of these libraries a set of HENP-specific C++ class libraries for histogram management, fitting, plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed. In order to comply with the user requirements for a command-line driven tool, we have chosen to use a scripting language (Python) as the front-end for a data analysis tool. The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant) Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provides an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scripting languages thus allowing for rapid application development. This integration is simplified even further using a specialised toolkit (SWIG) to create "shadow classes" for the Python language, which map the definitio...

Pfeier, A; Ferrero-Merlino, B; Giannitrapani, R; Longo, F; Nieminen, P; Pia, M G; Santin, G

2001-01-01

80

Systems Analysis Language Translator (SALT): user's guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Systems Analysis Language Translator (SALT), a systems-analysis and process-simulation computer code for steady-state and dynamic systems, can also be used for optimization and sensitivity studies. The SALT code uses sophisticated numerical techniques, including a hybrid steepest-descent/quasi-Newtonian multidimensional nonlinear equation solver, sequential quadratic programming methods as optimizers, and multistep integration methods for both stiff and nonstiff systems of equations. Based on a preprocessor concept, the code uses a language translator to allow the user great flexibility in specifying a systems-analysis problem using a mostly free format and user-defined labels. The code uses precompiled component models, several flow types, and numerous thermodynamic and transport property routines, including a gas chemical-equilibrium code. The SALT code has been used to study open-cycle and liquid-metal magnetohydrodynamic systems, fuel cells, ocean thermal energy conversion, municipal-solid-waste processing, fusion, breeder reactors, and geothermal and solar-energy systems. 11 refs.

Geyer, H.K.; Berry, G.F.

1985-01-01

81

CMS dashboard for monitoring of the user analysis activities  

CERN Document Server

The CMS Virtual Organisation (VO) uses various fully distributed job submission methods and execution backends. The CMS jobs are processed on several middleware platforms such as the gLite, the ARC and the OSG. Up to 200,000 CMS jobs are submitted daily to the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure and this number is steadily growing. These mentioned factors increase the complexity of the monitoring of the user analysis activities within the CMS VO. Reliable monitoring is an aspect of particular importance; it is a vital factor for the overall improvement of the quality of the CMS VO infrastructure.

INFN, Bari; Maier, Gerhild

2009-01-01

82

Comparative analysis of methods of hardness assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper is to show how it could utilize the statistical methods for the process management.Design/methodology/approach: The research methodology bases on a theoretical analysis and empirical researches. A practical solution is presented to compare measurements methods of hardness and to estimate capability indices of measurement system.Findings: Measurement system analysis (MSA, particularly theory of statistical tests brings correct results for the analysed case.Research limitations/implications: Comparative analysis of measurement methods – interlaboratory studies, delivery control etc. is necessary in the interpretation of results.Practical implications: Described methodology and results can be employed in the industrial practice.Originality/value: The complete statistical comparative analysis of methods of hardness measurement with the help of a stationary and mobile hardness tester.

A. Czarski

2009-12-01

83

A Comparative analysis: QA evaluation questions versus real-world queries  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a comparative analysis of user queries to a web search engine, questions to a Q&A service (answers.com), and questions employed in question answering (QA) evaluations at TREC and CLEF. The analysis shows that user queries to search engines contain mostly content words (i.e. keywords) but lack structure words (i.e. stopwords) and capitalization. Thus, they resemble natural language input after case folding and stopword removal. In contrast, topics for QA evaluation and ques...

Leveling, Johannes

2010-01-01

84

GCtool for fuel cell systems design and analysis : user documentation.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GCtool is a comprehensive system design and analysis tool for fuel cell and other power systems. A user can analyze any configuration of component modules and flows under steady-state or dynamic conditions. Component models can be arbitrarily complex in modeling sophistication and new models can be added easily by the user. GCtool also treats arbitrary system constraints over part or all of the system, including the specification of nonlinear objective functions to be minimized subject to nonlinear, equality or inequality constraints. This document describes the essential features of the interpreted language and the window-based GCtool environment. The system components incorporated into GCtool include a gas flow mixer, splitier, heater, compressor, gas turbine, heat exchanger, pump, pipe, diffuser, nozzle, steam drum, feed water heater, combustor, chemical reactor, condenser, fuel cells (proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, phosphoric acid, and molten carbonate), shaft, generator, motor, and methanol steam reformer. Several examples of system analysis at various levels of complexity are presented. Also given are instructions for generating two- and three-dimensional plots of data and the details of interfacing new models to GCtool.

Ahluwalia, R.K.; Geyer, H.K.

1999-01-15

85

International Reactor Physics Handbook Database and Analysis Tool (IDAT) - IDAT user manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The IRPhEP Database and Analysis Tool (IDAT) was first released in 2013 and is included on the DVD. This database and corresponding user interface allows easy access to handbook information. Selected information from each configuration was entered into IDAT, such as the measurements performed, benchmark values, calculated values and materials specifications of the benchmark. In many cases this is supplemented with calculated data such as neutron balance data, spectra data, k-eff nuclear data sensitivities, and spatial reaction rate plots. IDAT accomplishes two main objectives: 1. Allow users to search the handbook for experimental configurations that satisfy their input criteria. 2. Allow users to trend results and identify suitable benchmarks experiments for their application. IDAT provides the user with access to several categories of calculated data, including: - 1-group neutron balance data for each configuration with individual isotope contributions in the reactor system. - Flux and other reaction rates spectra in a 299-group energy scheme. Plotting capabilities were implemented into IDAT allowing the user to compare the spectra of selected configurations in the original fine energy structure or on any user-defined broader energy structure. - Sensitivity coefficients (percent changes of k-effective due to elementary change of basic nuclear data) for the major nuclides and nuclear processes in a 238-group energy structure. IDAT is actively being developed. Those approved to access the online version of the handbook will also have access to an online version of IDAT. As May 2013 marks the first release, IDAT may contain data entry errors and omissions. The handbook remains the primary source of reactor physics benchmark data. A copy of IDAT user's manual is attached to this document. A copy of the IRPhE Handbook can be obtained on request at http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/irphe-handbook/form.html

86

A comparative analysis of aircraft noise performances  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a comparative analysis of aircraft acoustical performance based on the definition of a noise performance indicator called ENSA (equivalent number of standard aircraft). ENSA methodology is based on the choice of a standard aircraft, then ENSA’s values are obtained by comparing the generic aircraft’s performances with the standard aircraft’s performances. The performance evaluation is performed by analysing for each aircraft the equivalent number of standard aircrafts...

Nicola Gualandi; Luca Mantecchini

2009-01-01

87

Comparative analysis of rigidity across protein families  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a comparative study in which 'pebble game' rigidity analysis is applied to multiple protein crystal structures, for each of six different protein families. We find that the main-chain rigidity of a protein structure at a given hydrogen bond energy cutoff is quite sensitive to small structural variations, and conclude that the hydrogen bond constraints in rigidity analysis should be chosen so as to form and test specific hypotheses about the rigidity of a particular protein. Our comparative approach highlights two different characteristic patterns ('sudden' or 'gradual') for protein rigidity loss as constraints are removed, in line with recent results on the rigidity transitions of glassy networks

88

Highly comparative fetal heart rate analysis  

OpenAIRE

A database of fetal heart rate (FHR) time series measured from 7221 patients during labor is analyzed with the aim of learning the types of features of these recordings that are informative of low cord pH. Our 'highly comparative' analysis involves extracting over 9000 time-series analysis features from each FHR time series, including measures of autocorrelation, entropy, distribution, and various model fits. This diverse collection of features was developed in previous work...

Fulcher, B. D.; Georgieva, A. E.; Redman, C. W. G.; Jones, Nick S.

2014-01-01

89

Comparative analysis of methods of hardness assessment  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to show how it could utilize the statistical methods for the process management.Design/methodology/approach: The research methodology bases on a theoretical analysis and empirical researches. A practical solution is presented to compare measurements methods of hardness and to estimate capability indices of measurement system.Findings: Measurement system analysis (MSA), particularly theory of statistical tests brings correct results for the analysed case.Resea...

Czarski, A.

2009-01-01

90

System Analysis of International Relations: Concepts’ Comparability  

OpenAIRE

The article is devoted to analysis upon comparison of international relations concepts which were formed in the environment of existence of various political regimes. First of all we mean concepts of such periods: soviet totalitarianism (USSR), post soviet authoritarianism (Russia) and democratic transformation (Ukraine). The very basis of research method which contains comparative analysis of international relations can be presented in the form of the following components. First. The m...

Troyan, Sergey

2009-01-01

91

A comparative analysis of frog early development  

OpenAIRE

The current understanding of Xenopus laevis development provides a comparative background for the analysis of frog developmental modes. Our analysis of development in various frogs reveals that the mode of gastrulation is associated with developmental rate and is unrelated to egg size. In the gastrula of the rapidly developing embryos of the foam-nesting frogs Engystomops coloradorum and Engystomops randi, archenteron and notochord elongation overlapped with involution at the blastopore lip, ...

Del Pino, Eugenia M.; Venegas-ferri?n, Michael; Romero-carvajal, Andre?s; Montenegro-larrea, Paola; Sa?enz-ponce, Natalia; Moya, Iva?n M.; Alarco?n, Ingrid; Sudou, Norihiro; Yamamoto, Shinji; Taira, Masanori

2007-01-01

92

Automatic generation of user material subroutines for biomechanical growth analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The analysis of the biomechanics of growth and remodeling in soft tissues requires the formulation of specialized pseudoelastic constitutive relations. The nonlinear finite element analysis package ABAQUS allows the user to implement such specialized material responses through the coding of a user material subroutine called UMAT. However, hand coding UMAT subroutines is a challenge even for simple pseudoelastic materials and requires substantial time to debug and test the code. To resolve this issue, we develop an automatic UMAT code generation procedure for pseudoelastic materials using the symbolic mathematics package MATHEMATICA and extend the UMAT generator to include continuum growth. The performance of the automatically coded UMAT is tested by simulating the stress-stretch response of a material defined by a Fung-orthotropic strain energy function, subject to uniaxial stretching, equibiaxial stretching, and simple shear in ABAQUS. The MATHEMATICA UMAT generator is then extended to include continuum growth by adding a growth subroutine to the automatically generated UMAT. The MATHEMATICA UMAT generator correctly derives the variables required in the UMAT code, quickly providing a ready-to-use UMAT. In turn, the UMAT accurately simulates the pseudoelastic response. In order to test the growth UMAT, we simulate the growth-based bending of a bilayered bar with differing fiber directions in a nongrowing passive layer. The anisotropic passive layer, being topologically tied to the growing isotropic layer, causes the bending bar to twist laterally. The results of simulations demonstrate the validity of the automatically coded UMAT, used in both standardized tests of hyperelastic materials and for a biomechanical growth analysis. PMID:20887023

Young, Jonathan M; Yao, Jiang; Ramasubramanian, Ashok; Taber, Larry A; Perucchio, Renato

2010-10-01

93

Chronic cannabis users: Further analysis of objective test results.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twelve objective tests, generating 16 psychological test variables were administered to 850 chronic cannabis takers and 839 non-takers, all Egyptian males, ranging in age between 15 and 50 years, and representing various positions on continua of literacy-illiteracy and urbanism-ruralism. The tests were intended to assess different modalities of 5 broad psychological functions: speed of psychomotor performance, estimation of moderate distances, estimation of a few minutes time interval, immediate memory for digits and designs and visual-motor co-ordination. Analysis of variance based on 3 x 3 x 2 factorial design was carried out and revealed statistically significant differences between the two groups of subjects on most of the test variables. Detailed analyses showed that controls displayed better performance than drug users on the majority of the variables. Significant second order interaction effects emerged in a big number of cases denoting that, under certain conditions relating to literacy-illiteracy and urbanism-ruralism, the superiority of controls over cannabis users became much more impressive. Our findings were discussed in the light of investigations which were conducted on the psychological correlates and/or effects of long term and short term cannabis consumption. The clinical psychological literature was cited where slowness of psychomotor performance, defective visual-motor co-ordination and impaired memory for designs were reported to be associated with psychiatric disorder. It is suggested that our results point to meaningful associations between chronic cannabis consumption and manifestations of psychopathology. PMID:1044285

Soueif, M I

1975-01-01

94

User's guide for the REBUS-3 fuel cycle analysis capability  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

REBUS-3 is a system of programs designed for the fuel-cycle analysis of fast reactors. This new capability is an extension and refinement of the REBUS-3 code system and complies with the standard code practices and interface dataset specifications of the Committee on Computer Code Coordination (CCCC). The new code is hence divorced from the earlier ARC System. In addition, the coding has been designed to enhance code exportability. Major new capabilities not available in the REBUS-2 code system include a search on burn cycle time to achieve a specified value for the multiplication constant at the end of the burn step; a general non-repetitive fuel-management capability including temporary out-of-core fuel storage, loading of fresh fuel, and subsequent retrieval and reloading of fuel; significantly expanded user input checking; expanded output edits; provision of prestored burnup chains to simplify user input; option of fixed-or free-field BCD input formats; and, choice of finite difference, nodal or spatial flux-synthesis neutronics in one-, two-, or three-dimensions

95

Teacher Policy: A Framework for Comparative Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This article outlines a framework for analysis of teacher focused policy studies within an international and comparative perspective. Using the notion of the professional life cycle of teachers, the article examines examples of key empirical studies that illustrate the impact of policy on addressing such issues as teacher recruitment, education,…

Tatto, Maria Teresa

2008-01-01

96

SOR Users` Guide : How to Navigate Through the SOR Analysis.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Columbia River System Operation Review (SOR) gave river managers, users, and the general public a chance to examine system operations in detail, to study how each river use affects others, and to consider the consequences of changing the way the system works. The task was enormous, and it was a multiyear undertaking. In its wake, the SOR left a multitude of documents and six years of analysis that can and should be used broadly for other reference and research purposes. This catalog will introduce you to numerous SOR products to be found throughout the 20 appendices and the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Main Report. They include maps, models, data bases, current descriptions of Federal hydro projects and river resources, publications, and slide shows.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1996-08-01

97

Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP): User's guide. Revision 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A microcomputer program called the Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP) has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in determining the replacement energy costs associated with short-term shutdowns or deratings of one or more nuclear reactors. The calculations are based on the seasonal, unit-specific cost estimates for 1993--1996 previously published in NRC Report NUREG/CR--4012, Vol. 3 (1992), for all 112 US reactors. Because the RECAP program is menu-driven, the user can define specific case studies in terms of such parameters as the units to be included, the length and timing of the shutdown or derating period, the unit capacity factors, and the reference year for reporting cost results. In addition to simultaneous shutdown cases, more complicated situations, such as overlapping shutdown periods or shutdowns that occur in different years, can be examined through the use of a present-worth calculation option

98

User-Defined Material Model for Progressive Failure Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

An overview of different types of composite material system architectures and a brief review of progressive failure material modeling methods used for structural analysis including failure initiation and material degradation are presented. Different failure initiation criteria and material degradation models are described that define progressive failure formulations. These progressive failure formulations are implemented in a user-defined material model (or UMAT) for use with the ABAQUS/Standard1 nonlinear finite element analysis tool. The failure initiation criteria include the maximum stress criteria, maximum strain criteria, the Tsai-Wu failure polynomial, and the Hashin criteria. The material degradation model is based on the ply-discounting approach where the local material constitutive coefficients are degraded. Applications and extensions of the progressive failure analysis material model address two-dimensional plate and shell finite elements and three-dimensional solid finite elements. Implementation details and use of the UMAT subroutine are described in the present paper. Parametric studies for composite structures are discussed to illustrate the features of the progressive failure modeling methods that have been implemented.

Knight, Norman F. Jr.; Reeder, James R. (Technical Monitor)

2006-01-01

99

User's manual for seismic analysis code 'SONATINA-2V'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, has been developed to analyze the behavior of the HTTR core graphite components under seismic excitation. The SONATINA-2V code is a two-dimensional computer program capable of analyzing the vertical arrangement of the HTTR graphite components, such as fuel blocks, replaceable reflector blocks, permanent reflector blocks, as well as their restraint structures. In the analytical model, each block is treated as rigid body and is restrained by dowel pins which restrict relative horizontal movement but allow vertical and rocking motions between upper and lower blocks. Moreover, the SONATINA-2V code is capable of analyzing the core vibration behavior under both simultaneous excitations of vertical and horizontal directions. The SONATINA-2V code is composed of the main program, pri-processor for making the input data to SONATINA-2V and post-processor for data processing and making the graphics from analytical results. Though the SONATINA-2V code was developed in order to work in the MSP computer system of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the computer system was abolished with the technical progress of computer. Therefore, improvement of this analysis code was carried out in order to operate the code under the UNIX machine, SR8000 computer system, of the JAERI. The users manual for seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, including pri- and post-processor is given in the present report. (author)

100

Web Users Session Analysis Using DBSCAN and Two Phase Utility Mining Algorithms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the important issues in data mining is the interestingness problem. Typically, in a data mining process, the number of patterns discovered can easily exceed the capabilities of a human user to identify interesting results. To address this problem, utility measures have been used to reduce the patterns prior to presenting them to the user. A frequent itemset only reflects the statistical correlation between items, and it does not reflect the semantic significance of the items. This proposed approach uses a utility based itemset mining approach to overcome this limitation. This proposed system first uses Dbscan clustering algorithm which identifies the behavior of the users page visits, order of occurrence of visits. After applying the clustering technique High Two phase utility mining algorithm is applied, aimed at finding itemsets that contribute high utility.Mining web access sequences can discover very useful knowledge from web logs with broad applications. Mining useful Web path traversal patterns is a very important research issue in Web technologies. Knowledge about the frequent Web path traversal patterns enables us to discover the most interesting Websites traversed by the users. However, considering only the binary (presence/absence occurrences of the Websites in the Web traversal paths, real world scenarios may not be reflected. Therefore, if we consider the time spent by each user as a utility value of a website, more interesting web traversal paths can be discovered using proposed two-phase algorithm. User page visits are sequential in nature. In this paper MSNBC web navigation dataset is used to compare the efficiency and performance in web usage mining is finding the groups which share common interests General Terms Web session mining, log analysis.

G. Sunil Kumar

2012-01-01

101

Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

2007-01-01

102

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF STRESS OF COMPETITIVE ORGANIZATIONS  

OpenAIRE

In this thesis we examined the scope for coping with stress levels of the organization. We focused on the evaluation of stress in the Slovenian company A and consequently carried out a comparative analysis to model stress in relation to work with competing company in Italy. Initially, we presented the problem of stress, types of stress effects of stress, stres causes, consequences of stress, ways of management and accounting information relating to the work and stress. We have deepened th...

Kolic?, Marina

2012-01-01

103

Comparative analysis of twelve Dothideomycete plant pathogens  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Dothideomycetes are one of the largest and most diverse groups of fungi. Many are plant pathogens and pose a serious threat to agricultural crops grown for biofuel, food or feed. Most Dothideomycetes have only a single host and related Dothideomycete species can have very diverse host plants. Twelve Dothideomycete genomes have currently been sequenced by the Joint Genome Institute and other sequencing centers. They can be accessed via Mycocosm which has tools for comparative analysis

Ohm, Robin; Aerts, Andrea; Salamov, Asaf; Goodwin, Stephen B.; Grigoriev, Igor

2011-03-11

104

Comparative genomic analysis of prion genes  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The homologues of human disease genes are expected to contribute to better understanding of physiological and pathogenic processes. We made use of the present availability of vertebrate genomic sequences, and we have conducted the most comprehensive comparative genomic analysis of the prion protein gene PRNP and its homologues, shadow of prion protein gene SPRN and doppel gene PRND, and prion testis-specific gene PRNT so...

Gamulin Vera; Premzl Marko

2007-01-01

105

1991 comparative analysis of tritium in water  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For environmental monitoring of radioactive materials, the competent authorities of the States and Federal Government of Germany continuously perform measurements and make their results accessible to the public in an appropriate way. In order to guarantee the comparability of measured values and a high degree of reliability of the applied methods, the authorities in charge of carrying out such tasks are obliged to take part in the comparative analyses (ring tests) organized by the central offices of the Federal Government. Therefore, the aim of this comparative analysis performed by order of the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Protection and Reactor Safety consists mainly in providing the measuring offices in charge of monitoring waters, with samples with known tritium contents in order to get an overview of the accuracy of currently used processes; check the accuracy of the determinations performed, and, if necessary, detect and eliminate systematic errors; check, in particular by means of the samples T2 and T3, the calibration of the measuring devices and, if necessary, make corrections. To this effect, the comparative analysis fulfills the function of quality control of the processes used in environmental monitoring. (orig./BBR)

106

Micromechanics Analysis Code (MAC) User Guide: Version 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to accurately predict the thermomechanical deformation response of advanced composite materials continues to play an important role in the development of these strategic materials. Analytical models that predict the effective behavior of composites are used not only by engineers performing structural analysis of large-scale composite components but also by material scientists in developing new material systems. For an analytical model to fulfill these two distinct functions it must be based on a micromechanics approach which utilizes physically based deformation and life constitutive models and allows one to generate the average (macro) response of a composite material given the properties of the individual constituents and their geometric arrangement. Here the user guide for the recently developed, computationally efficient and comprehensive micromechanics analysis code, MAC, who's predictive capability rests entirely upon the fully analytical generalized method of cells, GMC, micromechanics model is described. MAC is a versatile form of research software that 'drives' the double or triple ply periodic micromechanics constitutive models based upon GMC. MAC enhances the basic capabilities of GMC by providing a modular framework wherein (1) various thermal, mechanical (stress or strain control), and thermomechanical load histories can be imposed; (2) different integration algorithms may be selected; (3) a variety of constituent constitutive models may be utilized and/or implemented; and (4) a variety of fiber architectures may be easily accessed through their corresponding representative volume elements.

Wilt, T. E.; Arnold, S. M.

1994-01-01

107

User's Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)  

Science.gov (United States)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are taken into account. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user's guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A. D.

1992-08-01

108

Matrix analysis of the insider threat (MAIT) user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MAIT is a sophisticated method for the analysis of safeguards or security systems that determines if single or multiple insiders can covertly sabotage a facility or system, or can covertly divert a resource that is present in the facility or system. The MAIT method provides a detailed, organized way to exhaustively examine the safeguards or security system against these covert threats. An evaluation of this broad scope is beyond the reasonable capability of an analyst working without computer assistance. The MAIT analysis is conducted by first manually collecting detailed facility design data and access and control information for each individual safeguard measure. With this information, the MAIT computer code synthesizes every possible situation and returns data to the analyst concerning those particular events that are not adequately protected. This report replaces the previous user's manual (SAI-78-960-LJ). It includes the details that an analyst needs to know to use the upgraded MAIT evaluation method. The major changes incorporated in the present version of the method include the evaluation of scenarios that span two conditions, the consolidation of theft and sabotage versions of the program and the incorporation and consideration of secondary targets in a path

109

Assessing Quality of Experience while comparing competing mobile broadband services from the user perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

The growth of mobile traffic is exploding globally, and users can already choose their best smartphone or tablet options from a handful of manufacturers based on specific criteria such as price and usability. It is much less clear when the user needs to pick from various mobile broadband service providers when choices are available. After all, how does one know what is the best provider for a given usage profile? This work uses drive tests to investigate the variation of radio frequency conditions and relate them to the quality of experience from the viewpoint of the user.

Madruga, Ewerton L.; David, Rodrigo; Sabóia de Souza, Rodolfo; Dantas, Romulo

2015-01-01

110

Performance and security analysis of Gait-based user authentication  

OpenAIRE

Verifying the identity of a user, usually referred to as user authentication, before granting access to the services or objects is a very important step in many applications. People pass through some sorts of authentication process in their daily life. For example, to prove having access to the computer the user is required to know a password. Similarly, to be able to activate a mobile phone the owner has to know its PIN code, etc. Some user authentication techniques are based on human physio...

Gafurov, Davrondzhon

2008-01-01

111

Logatome discrimination in cochlear implant users: subjective tests compared to the mismatch negativity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a logatome discrimination test for the assessment of speech perception in cochlear implant users (CI users), based on a multilingual speech database, the Oldenburg Logatome Corpus, which was originally recorded for the comparison of human and automated speech recognition. The logatome discrimination task is based on the presentation of 100 logatome pairs (i.e., nonsense syllables) with balanced representations of alternating "vowel-replacement" and "consonant-replacement" paradigms in order to assess phoneme confusions. Thirteen adult normal hearing listeners and eight adult CI users, including both good and poor performers, were included in the study and completed the test after their speech intelligibility abilities were evaluated with an established sentence test in noise. Furthermore, the discrimination abilities were measured electrophysiologically by recording the mismatch negativity (MMN) as a component of auditory event-related potentials. The results show a clear MMN response only for normal hearing listeners and CI users with good performance, correlating with their logatome discrimination abilities. Higher discrimination scores for vowel-replacement paradigms than for the consonant-replacement paradigms were found. We conclude that the logatome discrimination test is well suited to monitor the speech perception skills of CI users. Due to the large number of available spoken logatome items, the Oldenburg Logatome Corpus appears to provide a useful and powerful basis for further development of speech perception tests for CI users. PMID:20191246

Rahne, Torsten; Ziese, Michael; Rostalski, Dorothea; Mühler, Roland

2010-01-01

112

Highly comparative fetal heart rate analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

A database of fetal heart rate (FHR) time series measured from 7 221 patients during labor is analyzed with the aim of learning the types of features of these recordings that are informative of low cord pH. Our 'highly comparative' analysis involves extracting over 9 000 time-series analysis features from each FHR time series, including measures of autocorrelation, entropy, distribution, and various model fits. This diverse collection of features was developed in previous work [1]. We describe five features that most accurately classify a balanced training set of 59 'low pH' and 59 'normal pH' FHR recordings. We then describe five of the features with the strongest linear correlation to cord pH across the full dataset of FHR time series. The features identified in this work may be used as part of a system for guiding intervention during labor in future. This work successfully demonstrates the utility of comparing across a large, interdisciplinary literature on time-series analysis to automatically contribute new scientific results for specific biomedical signal processing challenges. PMID:23366590

Fulcher, B D; Georgieva, A E; Redman, C W G; Jones, N S

2012-01-01

113

Comparative Genome Analysis in the Integrated Microbial Genomes(IMG) System  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Comparative genome analysis is critical for the effectiveexploration of a rapidly growing number of complete and draft sequencesfor microbial genomes. The Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) system(img.jgi.doe.gov) has been developed as a community resource thatprovides support for comparative analysis of microbial genomes in anintegrated context. IMG allows users to navigate the multidimensionalmicrobial genome data space and focus their analysis on a subset ofgenes, genomes, and functions of interest. IMG provides graphicalviewers, summaries and occurrence profile tools for comparing genes,pathways and functions (terms) across specific genomes. Genes can befurther examined using gene neighborhoods and compared with sequencealignment tools.

Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Markowitz, Victor M.

2006-03-01

114

Microblogging User Feature Analysis based on Boolean Classification Operations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the advance of many social network applications, social group feature analytics are attracting a lot of attention. In the meantime, microblogging, as a kind of social network application, attracts more and more people to use it. With the utilization of bigger and broader crowds over microblogging, surveying massive user features will be an important aspect of exploitation of crowd-sourced data. For better understanding microblogging user group features, in this study, a user classification approach was proposed by means of Boolean operations and it is easily find different microblogging user group features by this approach. In the experiment, some facts were discussed on the exploratory survey to exploit a great deal of microblogging data and how to analyze the features of the different user groups.

Bing Li

2014-01-01

115

Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MAED-2). User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The IAEA has been supporting its Member States in the area of energy planning for sustainable development. Development and dissemination of appropriate methodologies and their computer codes are important parts of this support. This manual has been produced to facilitate the use of the MAED model: Model for Analysis of Energy Demand. The methodology of the MAED model was originally developed by. B. Chateau and B. Lapillonne of the Institute Economique et Juridique de l'Energie (IEJE) of the University of Grenoble, France, and was presented as the MEDEE model. Since then the MEDEE model has been developed and adopted to be appropriate for modelling of various energy demand system. The IAEA adopted MEDEE-2 model and incorporated important modifications to make it more suitable for application in the developing countries, and it was named as the MAED model. The first version of the MAED model was designed for the DOS based system, which was later on converted for the Windows system. This manual presents the latest version of the MAED model. The most prominent feature of this version is its flexibility for representing structure of energy consumption. The model now allows country-specific representations of energy consumption patterns using the MAED methodology. The user can now disaggregate energy consumption according to the needs and/or data availability in her/his country. As such, MAED has now become a powerful tool for modelling widely diverse energy consumption patterns. This manual presents the model in details and provides guidelines for its application

116

Comparative analysis of protein interaction networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent advances in proteomics and computational biology have lead to a flood of protein interaction data and resulting interaction networks (e.g. (Gavin et al., 2002)). Here I first analyse the status and quality of parts lists (genes and proteins), then comparatively assess large-scale protein interaction data (von Mering et al., 2002) and finally try to identify biological meaningful units (e.g. pathways, cellular processes) within interaction networks that are derived from the conservation of gene neighborhood (Snel et al., 2002). Possible extensions of gene neighborhood analysis to eukaryotes (von Mering and Bork, 2002) will be discussed. PMID:12385984

Bork, Peer

2002-01-01

117

Structural Analysis of User Association Patterns in Wireless LAN  

CERN Document Server

Due to the rapid growth in wireless local area networks (WLANs), it has become important to characterize the fine-grained structure of user association patterns. In this paper, we focus on unraveling the structure in user's daily association patterns in WLANs in the long run. The daily access pattern is defined by the fraction of time it spends with a particular location. We answer three questions: 1) Do users demonstrate consistent behavior? Using our novel metrics and clustering, we conclude that many users (more than 50%) are multi-modal. 2) Is it possible to represent user association patterns using a compact representation? Using eigen-decomposition, we show that the intrinsic dimensionality of the constructed user association matrices is low and only the top five eigenvalues and their corresponding eigenvectors can be used to reconstruct those association matrices with an error of 5%, in terms of the L1 and L2 matrix norms. 3) How can we decide if two users have similar association patterns? We define t...

Hsu, W; Helmy, A; Hsu, Wei-jen; Dutta, Debojyoti; Helmy, Ahmed

2006-01-01

118

SALOME. Software for the analysis of lines or multiplets from Extrap. User's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This user's guide describes the centre piece of spectral analysis programs for Extrap-T1. The method for spectral analysis is presented theoretically. It also presents the actual use of the program PROBESCHUSS and how to work on the multiplet library. The present user's guide is about PROBESCHUSS 2.1 and MULTIFIT 2.0. 7 figs, 5 appendices

119

Microblogging User Feature Analysis based on Boolean Classification Operations  

OpenAIRE

Due to the advance of many social network applications, social group feature analytics are attracting a lot of attention. In the meantime, microblogging, as a kind of social network application, attracts more and more people to use it. With the utilization of bigger and broader crowds over microblogging, surveying massive user features will be an important aspect of exploitation of crowd-sourced data. For better understanding microblogging user group features, ...

Bing Li; Bingjie Sun; Xuan Wang; Xintong Huang; Xiaoyu Xiu

2014-01-01

120

Command Analysis of End-users in Online Searching  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this artic1e is to analyze the searching behavior of end-users. The subjects are real end-users from National Taiwan University. This article uses the DIALOG command language as its searching tool. It attempts to analyze the commands used in online searching environment and to provide some basic statistic data for use studies.[Article content in Chinese

Mu-hsuan Huan

1996-01-01

121

Command Analysis of End-users in Online Searching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this artic1e is to analyze the searching behavior of end-users. The subjects are real end-users from National Taiwan University. This article uses the DIALOG command language as its searching tool. It attempts to analyze the commands used in online searching environment and to provide some basic statistic data for use studies.[Article content in Chinese

Mu-hsuan Huan

1996-12-01

122

Web User Behavior Analysis Using Improved Naïve Bayes Prediction Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the continued growth and proliferation of Web services and Web based information systems, the volumes of user data have reached astronomical proportions. Analyzing such data using Web Usage Mining can help to determine the visiting interests or needs of the web user. As web log is incremental in nature, it becomes a crucial issue to predict exactly the ways how users browse websites. It is necessary for web miners to use predictive mining techniques to filter the unwanted categories for reducing the operational scope. Markov models& its variations have also been used to analyze web navigation behavior of users. A user's web link transition on a particular website can be modeled using first, second-order or higher-order Markov models and can be used to make predictions regarding future navigation and to personalize the web page for an individual user. All higher order Markov model holds the promise of achieving higher prediction accuracies, improved coverage than any single-order Markov model but holds high state space complexity. Hence a Hybrid Markov Model is required to improve the operation performance and prediction accuracy significantly. Markov model is assumed to be a probability model by which users’ browsing behaviors can be predicted at category level. Bayesian theorem can also be applied to present and infer users’ browsing behaviors at webpage level. In this research, Markov models and Bayesian theorem are combined and a two-level prediction model is designed. By the Markov Model, the system can effectively filter the possible category of the websites and Bayesian theorem will help to predict websites accuracy. The experiments will show that our provided model has noble hit ratio for prediction.

B.Harindra Varma

2013-11-01

123

Data oriented job submission scheme for the PHENIX user analysis in CCJ  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The RIKEN Computing Center in Japan (CCJ) has been developed to make it possible analyzing huge amount of data corrected by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC. The corrected raw data or reconstructed data are transferred via SINET3 with 10 Gbps bandwidth from Brookheaven National Laboratory (BNL) by using GridFTP. The transferred data are once stored in the hierarchical storage management system (HPSS) prior to the user analysis. Since the size of data grows steadily year by year, concentrations of the access request to data servers become one of the serious bottlenecks. To eliminate this I/O bound problem, 18 calculating nodes with total 180 TB local disks were introduced to store the data a priori. We added some setup in a batch job scheduler (LSF) so that user can specify the requiring data already distributed to the local disks. The locations of data are automatically obtained from a database, and jobs are dispatched to the appropriate node which has the required data. To avoid the multiple access to a local disk from several jobs in a node, techniques of lock file and access control list are employed. As a result, each job can handle a local disk exclusively. Indeed, the total throughput was improved drastically as compared to the preexisting nodes in CCJ, and users can analyze about 150 TB data within 9 hours. We report this successful job submission scheme and the feature of the PC cluster.

124

Rottlerin and curcumin: a comparative analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rottlerin and curcumin are natural plant polyphenols with a long tradition in folk medicine. Over the past two decades, curcumin has been extensively investigated, while rottlerin has received much less attention, in part, as a consequence of its reputation as a selective PKC? inhibitor. A comparative analysis of genomic, proteomic, and cell signaling studies revealed that rottlerin and curcumin share a number of targets and have overlapping effects on many biological processes. Both molecules, indeed, modulate the activity and/or expression of several enzymes (PKC?, heme oxygenase, DNA methyltransferase, cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase) and transcription factors (NF-?B, STAT), and prevent aggregation of different amyloid precursors (?-synuclein, amyloid A?, prion proteins, lysozyme), thereby exhibiting convergent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiamyloid actions. Like curcumin, rottlerin could be a promising candidate in the fight against a variety of human diseases. PMID:22758638

Maioli, Emanuela; Torricelli, Claudia; Valacchi, Giuseppe

2012-07-01

125

Comparative Analysis on Visual Cryptographic Schemes?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Visual cryptography is the techniques that deal with providing security to the multimedia data. The main concept behind this is, to encrypt a secret image into some shares. The secret can be revealed only when all the shares are combined. The central theme of visual cryptography is that it doesn’t require any manipulation or tough cryptographic knowledge and the decryption is done by human vision without the help of computers. Thus, visual cryptography is known for its least computational complexity yet much secure. In this work, we compared traditional visual cryptography, extended visual cryptography and colour extended cryptography with respect to PSNR, NCC and MSE. On analysis, it is found that the performance of colour extended visual cryptography is much better than the traditional visual cryptography and extended visual cryptography, in terms of Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR, Normalized Correlation Coefficient (NCC and Mean Square Error (MSE.

T. Anuradha

2014-09-01

126

Comparative Genome Analysis of Basidiomycete Fungi  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota (basidiomycetes), make up some 37percent of the described fungi, and are important in forestry, agriculture, medicine, and bioenergy. This diverse phylum includes the mushrooms, wood rots, symbionts, and plant and animal pathogens. To better understand the diversity of phenotypes in basidiomycetes, we performed a comparative analysis of 35 basidiomycete fungi spanning the diversity of the phylum. Phylogenetic patterns of lignocellulose degrading genes suggest a continuum rather than a sharp dichotomy between the white rot and brown rot modes of wood decay. Patterns of secondary metabolic enzymes give additional insight into the broad array of phenotypes found in the basidiomycetes. We suggest that the profile of an organism in lignocellulose-targeting genes can be used to predict its nutritional mode, and predict Dacryopinax sp. as a brown rot; Botryobasidium botryosum and Jaapia argillacea as white rots.

Riley, Robert; Salamov, Asaf; Morin, Emmanuelle; Nagy, Laszlo; Manning, Gerard; Baker, Scott; Brown, Daren; Henrissat, Bernard; Levasseur, Anthony; Hibbett, David; Martin, Francis; Grigoriev, Igor

2012-03-19

127

Compare containment subcompartment analysis code evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear power plant subcompartment analyses are required to determine the containment pressure distribution that might result from a loss-of-coolant accident. The pressure distribution is used to calculate structural and mechanical design loads. The COMPARE code is used widely to perform subcompartment analysis. However, several simplifying assumptions are utilized to facilitate solution of the complex transient, two-phase, multidimensional flow problem. In particular, it is assumed that the flow is homogeneous, in thermodynamic equilibrium, and one-dimensional. In this study, these assumptions are evaluated by performing simplified transport and relaxation analyses. This results in definition of (a) geometric features and early-time periods that produce significant deviations from reality and (b) specific areas that require further study

128

Comparative analysis of selected fuel cell vehicles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Vehicles powered by fuel cells operate more efficiently, more quietly, and more cleanly than internal combustion engines (ICEs). Furthermore, methanol-fueled fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) can utilize major elements of the existing fueling infrastructure of present-day liquid-fueled ICE vehicles (ICEVs). DOE has maintained an active program to stimulate the development and demonstration o fuel cell technologies in conjunction with rechargeable batteries in road vehicles. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the availability of data on FCVs, and to develop a vehicle subsystem structure that can be used to compare both FCVs and ICEV, from a number of perspectives--environmental impacts, energy utilization, materials usage, and life cycle costs. This report focuses on methanol-fueled FCVs fueled by gasoline, methanol, and diesel fuel that are likely to be demonstratable by the year 2000. The comparative analysis presented covers four vehicles--two passenger vehicles and two urban transit buses. The passenger vehicles include an ICEV using either gasoline or methanol and an FCV using methanol. The FCV uses a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, an on-board methanol reformer, mid-term batteries, and an AC motor. The transit bus ICEV was evaluated for both diesel and methanol fuels. The transit bus FCV runs on methanol and uses a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) fuel cell, near-term batteries, a DC motor, and an on-board methanol reformer. 75 refs.

NONE

1993-05-07

129

Comparative Analysis of Competitive Strategy Implementation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents research findings on Competitive Strategy Implementation which compared the levels of strategy implementation achieved by different generic strategy groups, comprising firms inclined towards low cost leadership, differentiation or dual strategic advantage.  The study sought to determine the preferences for use of implementation armaments and compared how such armaments related to the level of implementation achieved.   Respondents comprised 71 top executives from 59 companies among the top 300 private sector firms in Kenya.  SPSS software was used to conduct t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis, to within 95% confidence interval or 5% statistical significance. The results indicated that there was no significant difference between the levels of strategy implementation achieved by any pair set of the three strategic groups.  The study revealed that the predictors of strategy implementation include the firm’s capacity to overcome resistance to change, having incentives based on meeting strictly quantitative targets, adopting a win-lose competitive posture, its effectiveness in strategy implementation, and the environmental rate of change.  The results also indicated that there was no significant difference between the preferences for use of either win-lose or win-win competition by any pair set of the strategic groups. 

Maina A. S. Waweru

2011-09-01

130

Interactive user's application to Genie 2000 spectroscopy system for automation of hair neutron activation analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: In recent years lower plants such as mosses or lichens and for arid countries bark and leaves of tree have been used as biomonitors in environmental studies. Alongside with plants the trace elemental human hair composition also has been used as an indicator of pollution of natural and industrial environments. Because of convenience, easy access, nondestruction of sampling, and also preservation of information for a long time period, human hair even more often and widely used in various researches. In the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan hair trace element analysis in environment monitoring and mapping and in health status studies have been used. Scientist of activation analysis laboratory always has a lot of routine work on biological objects analysis, so they regularly improved applied nuclear techniques. At present one of such good work-out technique is consider a hair multielement instrumental neutron activation analysis using single comparator standard method. Since in frames of the 'Enhanced nuclear techniques for materials identification' STCU project, the Radioanalytical Center (RAC) was created in October 2004, for analysis such objects as metals and alloys, minerals and ores, hydrogeological samples, technological products, soils, fertilizers, biological samples, foodstuff, water, sediments, construction materials, as well as materials of unknown composition the unique equipment of RAC have been used. For example, human hair analysis has performed on the base of HP Ge-detector with high resolution gamma-spectrometer of Canberra Industries, Inc. Genie-2000 Spectroscopy System of Canberra spectrometers, represents the true state of the art in spectroscopy software platforms. Genie 2000 is a comprehensive set of capabilities for acquiring and analyzing spectra from Multichannel Analyzers (MCA). Its functions include MCA control, spectral display and manipulation, basic spectrum analysis and reporting. Genie 2000 software is available in several variations and with several layered optional packages. Genie 2000 Basic Spectroscopy and Gamma Analysis Software, which available in RAC permitting us automatically obtain nuclide identification report with all needed parameters. Any applications of Genie 2000 software have not possibility to calculate analyzed elements concentration. For automation this step of INAA by using Canberra Genie 2000 Spectroscopy System we developed user's 'Human hair analysis Application' software for single comparator standard method of hair INAA. The work with the developed Application for GENIE-2000 begins with the menu, which contains four items. 1. Copying of the data. 2. Data input. 3. Viewing, editing and analyzing of the data. 4. EXIT. The item 'Copying of the data' makes copying the entered values of special user parameters from one data source into another. It is very user-friendly. It is enough to him once in one data source to enter values of necessary parameters (nuclides name, ?-lines value, factors of transformation for various times of an irradiation and cooling). Further, with the help of procedure 'Copying of the data' he can transfer them to any other data source. The item 'Data input' is carried out with the help of Graphical Batch Tools function GBTPARS and specially developed set of Form Design Specification (FDS) files for this function. This developed Application works in interactive environment as a dialogue system with user and allows calculating required nuclides concentration in analyzed samples, separately for long-lived, middle-lived and short-lived nuclides. Using the Nuclide Library Editor and comprehensive standard libraries of Genie package we created three custom libraries: Stdlib.HairL, Stdlib.HairM, Stdlib.HairS, accordingly for long-, middle- and short-lived nuclides. After processing of the next data source the Application returns the user to the menu. From here he can continue data processing, having chosen the following data source, or through menu item EXIT to leave from the application. Th

131

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18

132

Development of a web application for the analysis of Facebook user profiles  

OpenAIRE

The thesis demonstrates the development, operation, and usage of an application for the analysis of Facebook user profiles. A mayor development problem is broken down into smaller parts and the selected application architecture is described. The implementation process of an asynchronous web user interface, and of objects used for dynamic content generation is presented. The structure of the Facebook's social graph is studied, and a user authentication process and a method of accessing Faceboo...

Kras?evec, Matjaz?

2013-01-01

133

Weighted Centroid Algorithm for Estimating Primary User Location: Theoretical Analysis and Distributed Implementation  

CERN Document Server

Information about primary user (PU) location is crucial in enabling several key capabilities in dynamic spectrum access networks, including improved spatio-temporal sensing, intelligent location-aware routing, as well as aiding spectrum policy enforcement. Compared to other proposed non-interactive localization algorithms, the weighted centroid localization (WCL) scheme uses only received signal strength information, which makes it simple and robust to variations in the propagation environment. In contrast to prior work, which focused mainly on proposing algorithmic variations and verifying their performance through simulations, in this paper we present the first theoretical framework for WCL performance analysis in terms of its localization error distribution parameterized by node density, node placement, shadowing variance and correlation distance. Using this analysis, we quantify the robustness of WCL to various physical conditions and provide guidelines, such as node placement, for practical deployment of...

Wang, Jun; Han, Yuxing; ?abri?, Danijela

2010-01-01

134

Comparative Analysis of Various Cloud Technologies  

OpenAIRE

With the increasing prevalence and demand of large scale cloud computing environment, a researcher has to draw more attention towards the services provided by the CLOUD. As the access to the server is increasing, centralized and distributed computing architecture will produce bottlenecks data which affect the quality of cloud computing services and bring the huge support to users. In this paper we are going to propose certain vital aspects such as memory utilization, storage capacity...

Dr Gurdev Singh; Akanksha Akanksha

2012-01-01

135

Comparative kinetic analysis of two fungal ?-glucosidases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose is still considered as one of the main limiting steps of the biological production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass. It is a complex multistep process, and various kinetic models have been proposed. The cellulase enzymatic cocktail secreted by Trichoderma reesei has been intensively investigated. ?-glucosidases are one of a number of cellulolytic enzymes, and catalyze the last step releasing glucose from the inhibitory cellobiose. ?-glucosidase (BGL1 is very poorly secreted by Trichoderma reesei strains, and complete hydrolysis of cellulose often requires supplementation with a commercial ?-glucosidase preparation such as that from Aspergillus niger (Novozymes SP188. Surprisingly, kinetic modeling of ?-glucosidases lacks reliable data, and the possible differences between native T. reesei and supplemented ?-glucosidases are not taken into consideration, possibly because of the difficulty of purifying BGL1. Results A comparative kinetic analysis of ?-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger and BGL1 from Trichoderma reesei, purified using a new and efficient fast protein liquid chromatography protocol, was performed. This purification is characterized by two major steps, including the adsorption of the major cellulases onto crystalline cellulose, and a final purification factor of 53. Quantitative analysis of the resulting ?-glucosidase fraction from T. reesei showed it to be 95% pure. Kinetic parameters were determined using cellobiose and a chromogenic artificial substrate. A new method allowing easy and rapid determination of the kinetic parameters was also developed. ?-Glucosidase SP188 (Km = 0.57 mM; Kp = 2.70 mM has a lower specific activity than BGL1 (Km = 0.38 mM; Kp = 3.25 mM and is also more sensitive to glucose inhibition. A Michaelis-Menten model integrating competitive inhibition by the product (glucose has been validated and is able to predict the ?-glucosidase activity of both enzymes. Conclusions This article provides a useful comparison between the activity of ?-glucosidases from two different fungi, and shows the importance of fully characterizing both enzymes. A Michaelis-Menten model was developed, including glucose inhibition and kinetic parameters, which were accurately determined and compared. This model can be further integrated into a cellulose hydrolysis model dissociating ?-glucosidase activity from that of other cellulases. It can also help to define the optimal enzymatic cocktails for new ?-glucosidase activities.

Casanave Dominique

2010-02-01

136

Performance Analysis of Multiple User Optical Code Division Multiple Access  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we discuss and analyze an optical code division multiple access for multiple user system. Media access control implementation has been considered. For fulfilling the huge need of bandwidth services, technology tends to move to optical networks and three major optical systems come into existence. Code division of the optical network is most used and real concept i...

Himanshu Monga2; Kaler, R. S.

2014-01-01

137

Comparative genomic analysis of prion genes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The homologues of human disease genes are expected to contribute to better understanding of physiological and pathogenic processes. We made use of the present availability of vertebrate genomic sequences, and we have conducted the most comprehensive comparative genomic analysis of the prion protein gene PRNP and its homologues, shadow of prion protein gene SPRN and doppel gene PRND, and prion testis-specific gene PRNT so far. Results While the SPRN and PRNP homologues are present in all vertebrates, PRND is known in tetrapods, and PRNT is present in primates. PRNT could be viewed as a TE-associated gene. Using human as the base sequence for genomic sequence comparisons (VISTA, we annotated numerous potential cis-elements. The conserved regions in SPRNs harbour the potential Sp1 sites in promoters (mammals, birds, C-rich intron splicing enhancers and PTB intron splicing silencers in introns (mammals, birds, and hsa-miR-34a sites in 3'-UTRs (eutherians. We showed the conserved PRNP upstream regions, which may be potential enhancers or silencers (primates, dog. In the PRNP 3'-UTRs, there are conserved cytoplasmic polyadenylation element sites (mammals, birds. The PRND core promoters include highly conserved CCAAT, CArG and TATA boxes (mammals. We deduced 42 new protein primary structures, and performed the first phylogenetic analysis of all vertebrate prion genes. Using the protein alignment which included 122 sequences, we constructed the neighbour-joining tree which showed four major clusters, including shadoos, shadoo2s and prion protein-likes (cluster 1, fish prion proteins (cluster 2, tetrapode prion proteins (cluster 3 and doppels (cluster 4. We showed that the entire prion protein conformationally plastic region is well conserved between eutherian prion proteins and shadoos (18–25% identity and 28–34% similarity, and there could be a potential structural compatibility between shadoos and the left-handed parallel beta-helical fold. Conclusion It is likely that the conserved genomic elements identified in this analysis represent bona fide cis-elements. However, this idea needs to be confirmed by functional assays in transgenic systems.

Gamulin Vera

2007-01-01

138

Comparative analysis of safety related site characteristics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document presents a comparative analysis of site characteristics related to long-term safety for the two candidate sites for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark (municipality of Oesthammar) and in Laxemar (municipality of Oskarshamn) from the point of view of site selection. The analyses are based on the updated site descriptions of Forsmark /SKB 2008a/ and Laxemar /SKB 2009a/, together with associated updated repository layouts and designs /SKB 2008b and SKB 2009b/. The basis for the comparison is thus two equally and thoroughly assessed sites. However, the analyses presented here are focussed on differences between the sites rather than evaluating them in absolute terms. The document serves as a basis for the site selection, from the perspective of long-term safety, in SKB's application for a final repository. A full evaluation of safety is made for a repository at the selected site in the safety assessment SR-Site /SKB 2011/, referred to as SR-Site main report in the following

139

Comparative analysis of safety related site characteristics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document presents a comparative analysis of site characteristics related to long-term safety for the two candidate sites for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark (municipality of Oesthammar) and in Laxemar (municipality of Oskarshamn) from the point of view of site selection. The analyses are based on the updated site descriptions of Forsmark /SKB 2008a/ and Laxemar /SKB 2009a/, together with associated updated repository layouts and designs /SKB 2008b and SKB 2009b/. The basis for the comparison is thus two equally and thoroughly assessed sites. However, the analyses presented here are focussed on differences between the sites rather than evaluating them in absolute terms. The document serves as a basis for the site selection, from the perspective of long-term safety, in SKB's application for a final repository. A full evaluation of safety is made for a repository at the selected site in the safety assessment SR-Site /SKB 2011/, referred to as SR-Site main report in the following

Andersson, Johan (ed.)

2010-12-15

140

A Comparative Analysis on Mining Frequent Itemsets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research on mining frequent itemsets is one of ` the emerging task in data mining.The purchasing of one product when another product is purchased represents an association rule. Association rules are useful for analyzing the customer behavior. It takes an important part in shopping basket data analysis, clustering. The FP-Growth and Apriori algorithm is the basic algorithm for mining association rules. This paper presents an efficient algorithm for mining frequent itemsets using Two Dimensional Transactions Reduction(TDTR approach which reduces the original database(D transactions to the reduced data base transactions D1 based on the min_sup count. Then for each item it finds the number of transactions that the item present and hence find the largest frequent itemset using the two dimensional approach. Using the largest item set property ,it finds the subset of frequent item sets. Thus TDTR approach reduces the number of scans in the database and hence improve the efficiency & accuracy by finding the number of association rules and reduces time to find the rules.This proposed approach compares the efficiency with traditional Apriori and FP-Growth algorithm.

D.Kerana Hanirex

2012-12-01

141

User interaction with scatterplots on small screens--A comparative evaluation of geometric-semantic zoom and fisheye distortion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Existing information-visualization techniques that target small screens are usually limited to exploring a few hundred items. In this article we present a scatterplot tool for Personal Digital Assistants that allows the handling of many thousands of items. The application's scalability is achieved by incorporating two alternative interaction techniques: a geometric-semantic zoom that provides smooth transition between overview and detail, and a fisheye distortion that displays the focus and context regions of the scatterplot in a single view. A user study with 24 participants was conducted to compare the usability and efficiency of both techniques when searching a book database containing 7500 items. The study was run on a pen-driven Wacom board simulating a PDA interface. While the results showed no significant difference in task-completion times, a clear majority of 20 users preferred the fisheye view over the zoom interaction. In addition, other dependent variables such as user satisfaction and subjective rating of orientation and navigation support revealed a preference for the fisheye distortion. These findings partly contradict related research and indicate that, when using a small screen, users place higher value on the ability to preserve navigational context than they do on the ease of use of a simplistic, metaphor-based interaction style. PMID:17080806

Büring, Thorsten; Gerken, Jens; Reiterer, Harald

2006-01-01

142

FusoBase: an online Fusobacterium comparative genomic analysis platform  

Science.gov (United States)

Fusobacterium are anaerobic gram-negative bacteria that have been associated with a wide spectrum of human infections and diseases. As the biology of Fusobacterium is still not well understood, comparative genomic analysis on members of this species will provide further insights on their taxonomy, phylogeny, pathogenicity and other information that may contribute to better management of infections and diseases. To facilitate the ongoing genomic research on Fusobacterium, a specialized database with easy-to-use analysis tools is necessary. Here we present FusoBase, an online database providing access to genome-wide annotated sequences of Fusobacterium strains as well as bioinformatics tools, to support the expanding scientific community. Using our custom-developed Pairwise Genome Comparison tool, we demonstrate how differences between two user-defined genomes and how insertion of putative prophages can be identified. In addition, Pathogenomics Profiling Tool is capable of clustering predicted genes across Fusobacterium strains and visualizing the results in the form of a heat map with dendrogram. Database URL: http://fusobacterium.um.edu.my. PMID:25149689

Ang, Mia Yang; Heydari, Hamed; Jakubovics, Nick S.; Mahmud, Mahafizul Imran; Dutta, Avirup; Wee, Wei Yee; Wong, Guat Jah; Mutha, Naresh V.R.; Tan, Shi Yang; Choo, Siew Woh

2014-01-01

143

Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched 'controls' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. Methods A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS status. Results Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91% had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use and 39(68% were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. Conclusion Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words

O'Kelly Fergus D

2009-04-01

144

Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched \\'controls\\' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status. RESULTS: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words).

Cullen, Walter

2012-02-01

145

AUDITOR ROTATION - A CRITICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper starts out from the challenge regarding auditor tenure launched in 2010 by the Green Paper of the European Commission Audit Policy: Lessons from the Crisis. According to this document, the European Commission speaks both in favor of the mandatory rotation of the audit firm, and in favor of the mandatory rotation of audit partners. Rotation is considered a solution to mitigate threats to independence generated by familiarity, intimidation and self-interest in the context of a long-term audit-client relationship. At international level, there are several studies on auditor rotation, both empirical (e.g. Lu and Sivaramakrishnan, 2009, Li, 2010, Kaplan and Mauldin, 2008, Jackson et al., 2008 and normative in nature (e.g. Marten et al., 2007, Muller, 2006 and Gelter, 2004. The objective of the present paper is to perform a critical and comparative analysis of the regulations on internal and external rotation in force at international level, in the European Union and in the United States of America. Moreover, arguments both in favor and against mandatory rotation are brought into discussion. With regard to the research design, the paper has a normative approach. The main findings are first of all that by comparison, all regulatory authorities require internal rotation at least in the case of public interest entities, while the external rotation is not in the focus of the regulators. In general, the most strict and detailed requirements are those issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission from the United States of America. Second of all, in favor of mandatory rotation speaks the fact that the auditor becomes less resilient in case of divergence of opinions between him and company management, less stimulated to follow his own interest, and more scrupulous in conducting the audit. However, mandatory rotation may also have negative consequences, thus the debate on the opportunity of this regulatory measure remains open-ended.

Mocanu Mihaela

2011-12-01

146

HORECA. Hoger onderwijs reactor elementary core analysis system. User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

HORECA is developed at IRI Delft for quick analysis of power distribution, burnup and safety for the HOR. It can be used for the manual search of a better loading of the reactor. HORECA is based on the Penn State Fuel Management Package and uses the MCRAC code included in this package as a calculation engine. (orig./HP).

Battum, E. van; Serov, I.V.

1993-07-01

147

Worst-case User Analysis in Poisson Voronoi Cells  

OpenAIRE

In this letter, we focus on the performance of a worst-case mobile user (MU) in the downlink cellular network. We derive the coverage probability and the spectral efficiency of the worst-case MU using stochastic geometry. Through analytical and numerical results, we draw out interesting insights that the coverage probability and the spectral efficiency of the worst-case MU decrease down to 23% and 19% of those of a typical MU, respectively. By applying a coordinated scheduli...

Jung, Sang Yeob; Lee, Hyun-kwan; Kim, Seong-lyun

2013-01-01

148

Detailed description and user`s manual of high burnup fuel analysis code EXBURN-I  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

EXBURN-I has been developed for the analysis of LWR high burnup fuel behavior in normal operation and power transient conditions. In the high burnup region, phenomena occur which are different in quality from those expected for the extension of behaviors in the mid-burnup region. To analyze these phenomena, EXBURN-I has been formed by the incorporation of such new models as pellet thermal conductivity change, burnup-dependent FP gas release rate, and cladding oxide layer growth to the basic structure of low- and mid-burnup fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV. The present report describes in detail the whole structure of the code, models, and materials properties. Also, it includes a detailed input manual and sample output, etc. (author). 55 refs.

Suzuki, Motoe [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Saitou, Hiroaki

1997-11-01

149

Aviation System Analysis Capability Quick Response System Report Server User's Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

This report is a user's guide for the Aviation System Analysis Capability Quick Response System (ASAC QRS) Report Server. The ASAC QRS is an automated online capability to access selected ASAC models and data repositories. It supports analysis by the aviation community. This system was designed by the Logistics Management Institute for the NASA Ames Research Center. The ASAC QRS Report Server allows users to obtain information stored in the ASAC Data Repositories.

Roberts, Eileen R.; Villani, James A.; Wingrove, Earl R., III

1996-01-01

150

Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid  

CERN Document Server

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is operating system and GRID environment independent. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L; The ATLAS collaboration; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

2013-01-01

151

Dashboard Task Monitor for Managing ATLAS User Analysis on the Grid  

Science.gov (United States)

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and Grid environment. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L.; Andreeva, J.; Jha, M.; Karavakis, E.; Kokoszkiewicz, L.; Saiz, P.; Schovancova, J.; Tuckett, D.; Atlas Collaboration

2014-06-01

152

Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid  

CERN Document Server

The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and GRID environment . This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

Sargsyan, L; The ATLAS collaboration; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

2013-01-01

153

SYNCH: A program for design and analysis of synchrotrons and beamlines -- user`s guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

SYNCH is a computer program for use in the design and analysis of synchrotrons, storage rings, and beamlines. It has a large repertoire of commands that can be accessed in a flexible way. The input statements and the results of the calculations they invoke are saved in an internal database so that this information may be shared by other statements. SYNCH is the first accelerator program to organize its input in the form of a language. The statements, which resemble sentences, provide a natural way of describing lattices and invoking relevant calculations. The organization of the program is modular, so that it has been possible to expand its capabilities progressively.

Garren, A.A.; Kenney, A.S.; Courant, E.D.; Russell, A.D.; Syphers, M.J.

1993-12-31

154

Comparable Worth: An Analysis and Recommendations.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report discusses sex-based wage discrimination, the role of comparable worth doctrine in analyzing or combating such discrimination, and the appropriateness of the remedial prescriptions that comparable worth doctrine envisions. The report consists of a brief introduction and five chapters. Chapter 1 presents a brief overview of women in the…

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

155

Synfuel program analysis. Volume II. VENVAL users manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This volume is intended for program analysts and is a users manual for the VENVAL model. It contains specific explanations as to input data requirements and programming procedures for the use of this model in handling various cases. VENVAL is a generalized computer program to aid in evaluation of prospective private-sector production ventures. The program can project interrelated values of installed capacity, production, sales revenue, operating costs, depreciation, investment, debt, earnings, taxes, return on investment, depletion, and cash flow measures. It can also compute related public sector and other external costs and revenues if unit costs are furnished. (DMC)

Muddiman, J. B.; Whelan, J. W.

1980-07-01

156

Tracking and Analysis Framework (TAF) model documentation and user`s guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, the United States embarked on a policy for controlling acid deposition that has been estimated to cost at least $2 billion. Title IV of the Act created a major innovation in environmental regulation by introducing market-based incentives - specifically, by allowing electric utility companies to trade allowances to emit sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). The National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) has been tasked by Congress to assess what Senator Moynihan has termed this {open_quotes}grand experiment.{close_quotes} Such a comprehensive assessment of the economic and environmental effects of this legislation has been a major challenge. To help NAPAP face this challenge, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has sponsored development of an integrated assessment model, known as the Tracking and Analysis Framework (TAF). This section summarizes TAF`s objectives and its overall design.

Bloyd, C.; Camp, J.; Conzelmann, G. [and others

1996-12-01

157

Human Capital Development: Comparative Analysis of BRICs  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The goal of this article is to conduct macro-level analysis of human capital (HC) development strategies, pursued by four countries commonly referred to as BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). Design/methodology/approach: This analysis is based on comparisons of macro indices of human capital and innovativeness of the economy and a…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Zavyalova, Elena; Minina, Vera

2012-01-01

158

User Interactive Software for Analysis of Human Physiological Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Ambulatory physiological monitoring has been used to study human health and performance in space and in a variety of Earth-based environments (e.g., military aircraft, armored vehicles, small groups in isolation, and patients). Large, multi-channel data files are typically recorded in these environments, and these files often require the removal of contaminated data prior to processing and analyses. Physiological data processing can now be performed with user-friendly, interactive software developed by the Ames Psychophysiology Research Laboratory. This software, which runs on a Windows platform, contains various signal-processing routines for both time- and frequency- domain data analyses (e.g., peak detection, differentiation and integration, digital filtering, adaptive thresholds, Fast Fourier Transform power spectrum, auto-correlation, etc.). Data acquired with any ambulatory monitoring system that provides text or binary file format are easily imported to the processing software. The application provides a graphical user interface where one can manually select and correct data artifacts utilizing linear and zero interpolation and adding trigger points for missed peaks. Block and moving average routines are also provided for data reduction. Processed data in numeric and graphic format can be exported to Excel. This software, PostProc (for post-processing) requires the Dadisp engineering spreadsheet (DSP Development Corp), or equivalent, for implementation. Specific processing routines were written for electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, blood pressure, skin conductance level, impedance cardiography (cardiac output, stroke volume, thoracic fluid volume), temperature, and respiration

Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William; Taylor, Bruce C.; Acharya, Soumydipta

2006-01-01

159

PARS: Programs for Analysis and Resizing of Structures, user manual  

Science.gov (United States)

PARS processors and their use, flutter analysis, sensitivity analysis for stresses, and resizing are presented. Design variable definition and interface with finite element model, static constraints and their derivatives, flutter derivatives, and optimization are discussed.

Haftka, R. T.; Prasad, B.; Tsach, U.

1979-01-01

160

MANAGEMENT AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DATASET ENSEMBLES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary Phase I technical objective was to develop a prototype that demonstrates the functionality of all components required for an end-to-end meta-data management and comparative visualization system.

Geveci, Berk [Senior Director, Scientific Computing

2010-05-17

161

Comparative analysis of enterprise risk management models ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????  

OpenAIRE

The article is devoted to the analysis and the comparison of modern enterprise risk management models used in domestic and world practice. Some thesis to build such a model are proposed.?????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ? ?????????? ????????. ?????????? ????...

Nikolaev Igor V.

2012-01-01

162

Comparative analysis of enterprise risk management models ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis and the comparison of modern enterprise risk management models used in domestic and world practice. Some thesis to build such a model are proposed.?????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ? ?????????? ????????. ?????????? ????????? ?????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????.

Nikolaev Igor V.

2012-08-01

163

Comparative analysis of seismic risk assessment methodology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

SRA methodologies are separated into SPSA and SMM. SPSA methodology that has been widely used for seismic risk analysis has two kinds of methodologies such as Zion method and SSMRP method. SPSA methodology is suitable to interfacing with the analysis of internal event. However, the results of SPSA have uncertainties because of uncertainties in seismic hazard analysis and subjective judgement. Zion method specially developed for commercial use is less expensive and less time consuming but more uncertain than SSMRP method, since the former performs the fragility analysis less in detail than the latter. SMM is impossible to interface with the analysis of internal event but the uncertainties that are occurred during seismic hazard analysis is reduced because of the screening using RLE (review level earthquake). Therefore, if SPSA-based SMM methodology is chosen to be developed, the results of SRA will be more reliable and it requires low costs and time. In addition, the new methodology will require the development of a new evaluating code for SRA. (Author) 26 refs., 25 figs., 16 tabs.

Park, Chang Kyoo; Kim, Tae Woon; Hwang, Mi Jung [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

1994-07-01

164

Comparative analysis of seismic risk assessment methodology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

SRA methodologies are separated into SPSA and SMM. SPSA methodology that has been widely used for seismic risk analysis has two kinds of methodologies such as Zion method and SSMRP method. SPSA methodology is suitable to interfacing with the analysis of internal event. However, the results of SPSA have uncertainties because of uncertainties in seismic hazard analysis and subjective judgement. Zion method specially developed for commercial use is less expensive and less time consuming but more uncertain than SSMRP method, since the former performs the fragility analysis less in detail than the latter. SMM is impossible to interface with the analysis of internal event but the uncertainties that are occurred during seismic hazard analysis is reduced because of the screening using RLE (review level earthquake). Therefore, if SPSA-based SMM methodology is chosen to be developed, the results of SRA will be more reliable and it requires low costs and time. In addition, the new methodology will require the development of a new evaluating code for SRA. (Author) 26 refs., 25 figs., 16 tabs

165

Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis with missing data: A simple method for SPSS users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Missing data is a frequent problem for researchers conducting exploratory factor analysis (EFA or reliability analysis. The SPSS FACTOR procedure allows users to select listwise deletion, pairwise deletion or mean substitution as a method for dealing with missing data. The shortcomings of these methods are well-known. Graham (2009 argues that a much better way to deal with missing data in this context is to use a matrix of expectation maximization (EM covariances(or correlations as input for the analysis. SPSS users who have the Missing Values Analysis add-on module can obtain vectors ofEM means and standard deviations plus EM correlation and covariance matrices via the MVA procedure. But unfortunately, MVA has no /MATRIX subcommand, and therefore cannot write the EM correlations directly to a matrix dataset of the type needed as input to the FACTOR and RELIABILITY procedures. We describe two macros that (in conjunction with an intervening MVA command carry out the data management steps needed to create two matrix datasets, one containing EM correlations and the other EM covariances. Either of those matrix datasets can then be used asinput to the FACTOR procedure, and the EM correlations can also be used as input to RELIABILITY. We provide an example that illustrates the use of the two macros to generate the matrix datasets and how to use those datasets as input to the FACTOR and RELIABILITY procedures. We hope that this simple method for handling missing data will prove useful to both students andresearchers who are conducting EFA or reliability analysis.

Bruce Weaver

2014-09-01

166

Comparative analysis of the spatial analysis methods for hotspot identification.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spatial analysis technique has been introduced as an innovative approach for hazardous road segments identification (HRSI). In this study, the performance of two spatial analysis methods and four conventional methods for HRSI was compared against three quantitative evaluation criteria. The spatial analysis methods considered in this study include the local spatial autocorrelation method and the kernel density estimation (KDE) method. It was found that the empirical Bayesian (EB) method and the KDE method outperformed other HRSI approaches. By transferring the kernel density function into a form that was analogous to the form of the EB function, we further proved that the KDE method can eventually be considered a simplified version of the EB method in which crashes reported at neighboring spatial units are used as the reference population for estimating the EB-adjusted crashes. Theoretically, the KDE method may outperform the EB method in HRSI when the neighboring spatial units provide more useful information on the expected crash frequency than a safety performance function does. PMID:24530515

Yu, Hao; Liu, Pan; Chen, Jun; Wang, Hao

2014-05-01

167

A comparative 2D modeling of debris-flow propagation and outcomes for end-users  

Science.gov (United States)

In Alpine regions gravity-driven natural hazards, in particular debris flows, endanger settlements and human life. Mitigation strategies based on hazard maps are necessary tools for land planning. These maps can be made more precise by using numerical models to forecasting the inundated areas after a careful setting of those 'key parameters' (K-P) which directly affect the flow motion and its interaction with the ground surface. Several physically based 2D models are available for practitioners and governmental agencies, but the selection criteria of model type and of the related K-P remain flexible and partly subjective. This remark has driven us to investigate how different models simulate different types of debris flows (from granular to muddy debris flows, going through intermediate types), in particular when the flow is influenced by the presence of deposition basins. Two commercial 2D physical models (RAMMS and FLO-2D) have been tested for five well-documented debris flows events from five Italian catchments were different geology and flow dynamics are observed: 1) a viscous debris flow occurred in 2009 in a catchment with a metamorphic geology (Gadria torrent, Bolzano Province); 2) the 2009 granular debris flow in an granitic geological setting (Rio Dosson, Trento Province); 3-4) two events occurred in the 'rio Val del Lago' and 'rio Molinara' (Trento Province) in 2010 where porphyritic lithology prevails (intermediate granular debris flow); 5) the Rotolon torrent (Vicenza Province) 2009 debris flow containing sedimentary rocks enclosed in an abundant clay-rich matrix (intermediate viscous case). Event volumes range from 5.000 to 50.000 cubic meters. The Gadria, Rotolon and Val del Lago events are also influenced by artificial retention basins. Case study simulations allowed delineation of some practical end-user suggestions and good practices in order to guide the model choice and the K-P setting, particularly related to different flow dynamics. The presence of mitigation structures (e.g. check dams and retention basins) demands both the implementation of a precise topography and the introduction of devices to better model sediment trapping and functionality of open/closed check dams. The study results represent: i) a first support for practitioners to directly manage debris-flow simulations; ii) an help for local authorities to give the right value to simulations carried out by practitioners and scientific community; iii) a warning that hazard maps should not be based just on model simulation results.

Bettella, F.; Bertoldi, G.; Pozza, E.; McArdell, B. W.; D'Agostino, V.

2012-04-01

168

Towards for Analyzing Alternatives of Interaction Design Based on Verbal Decision Analysis of User Experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In domains (as digital TV, smart home, and tangible interfaces that represent a new paradigm of interactivity, the decision of the most appropriate interaction design solution is a challenge. HCI researchers have promoted in their works the validation of design alternative solutions with users before producing the final solution. User experience with technology is a subject that has also gained ground in these works in order to analyze the appropriate solution(s. Following this concept, a study was accomplished under the objective of finding a better interaction solution for an application of mobile TV. Three executable applications of mobile TV prototypes were built. A Verbal Decision Analysis model was applied on the investigations for the favorite characteristics in each prototype based on the user’s experience and their intentions of use. This model led a performance of a qualitative analysis which objectified the design of a new prototype.

Marília Soares Mendes

2010-04-01

169

Modelling User-Costs in Life Cycle Cost-Benefit (LCCB) analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The importance of including user's costs in Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit analysis of structures is discussed in this paper. This is especially for bridges of great importance. Repair or/and failure of a bridge will usually result in user costs greater than the repair or replacement costs of the bridge. For the society (and the user's) it is therefore of great importance that maintenance or replacement of a bridge is performed in such a way that all costs are minimized - not only the owners cost.

Thoft-Christensen, Palle

2008-01-01

170

Anti-human immunodeficiency virus-1 antibody titers in injection drug users compared to sexually infected individuals  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Sera from infected injection drug users (IDU) have shown to have antibodies against synthetic human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) envelope peptides more frequently. In this study, reactivity of 48 IDU plasma were compared to 60 plasmas obtained from sexually infected individuals (S). The overall [...] reactivity of plasma from IDU compared to S was higher, and the reactivity titers were much higher for IDU plasma than S. IDU plasma also showed a broader antibody response. The higher reactivity titers were observed mainly for the gp41 immunodominant epitope and V3 peptides corresponding to the consensus sequences of HIV-1 subtypes/variants prevalent in Brazil (B, F, C) indicating the specificity in the higher immune response of IDU.

Vera, Bongertz; Elaine Priscilla, Ouverney; Sylvia LM, Teixeira; Carlos, Silva-de-Jesus; Mariana A, Hacker; Mariza G, Morgado; Francisco I, Bastos.

2003-03-01

171

"Do Users Do What They Think They Do?"- A Comparative Study of User Perceived and Actual Information Searching Behaviour in the National Electronic Library of Infection  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last decade, the Internet has profoundly changed the delivery of healthcare. Medical websites for professionals and patients are playing an increasingly important role in providing the latest evidence-based knowledge for professionals, facilitating virtual patient support groups, and providing an invaluable information source for patients. Information seeking is the key user activity on the Internet. However, the discrepancy between what information is available and what the user is able to find has a profound effect on user satisfaction. The UK National electronic Library of Infection (NeLI, www.neli.org.uk) and its subsidiary projects provide a single-access portal for quality-appraised evidence in infectious diseases. We use this national portal, as test-bed for investigating our research questions. In this paper, we investigate actual and perceived user navigation behaviour that reveals important information about user perceptions and actions, in searching for information. Our results show: (i) all users were able to access information they were seeking; (ii) broadly, there is an agreement between "reported" behaviour (from questionnaires) and "observed" behaviour (from web logs), although some important differences were identified; (iii) both browsing and searching were equally used to answer specific questions and (iv) the preferred route for browsing for data on the NeLI website was to enter via the "Top Ten Topics" menu option. These findings provide important insights into how to improve user experience and satisfaction with health information websites.

Roy, Anjana; Kostkova, Patty; Catchpole, Mike; Carson, Ewart

172

Comparative analysis of genic structure in plants  

OpenAIRE

The availability of fully sequenced genomes and comprehensive expression studies offer new opportunities for studying the relationships between structures and functions of genes. These topics are relevant for the fields of plant biotechnology since the debate on transgenic plants has raised concerns about the impact of heterologous gene expression and structure on host genome integrity. In this thesis we adopted comparative approaches to study the degree of variation of genic structur...

Milia, Giampiera

2013-01-01

173

Comparative Analysis of Protein Structure Alignments  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Several methods are currently available for the comparison of protein structures. These methods have been analysed regarding the performance in the identification of structurally/evolutionary related proteins, but so far there has been less focus on the objective comparison between the alignments produced by different methods. Results We analysed and compared the structural alignments obtained by different methods using three sets of pairs of...

Domingues Francisco S; Mayr Gabriele; Lackner Peter

2007-01-01

174

Monetary policy implementation frameworks: A comparative analysis  

OpenAIRE

We compare two stylized frameworks for the implementation of monetary policy. The first framework relies only on standing facilities, and the second one relies only on open market operations. We show that the Friedman rule cannot be implemented in the first framework, but can be implemented using the second framework. However, for a given rate of inflation, we show that the first framework unambiguously achieves higher welfare than the second one. We conclude that an optimal system of monetar...

Martin, Antoine; Monnet, Cyril

2008-01-01

175

Industrialization Lessons from BRICS: A Comparative Analysis  

OpenAIRE

To date there has been few systematic and comparative empirical analyses of the nature of economic development in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). We contribute to addressing this gap by exploring the patterns of structural change between 1980 and 2010, focusing on the manufacturing sector. We show that three of the BRICS are experiencing de-industrialization (Brazil, Russia and South Africa). China is the only country where an expanding manufacturing sector accounts for...

Naude?, Wim A.; Szirmai, Adam; Lavopa, Alejandro

2013-01-01

176

Light water reactor fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2). Detailed structure and user`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A light water reactor fuel behavior analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2) was developed as an improved version of FEMAXI-IV. Development of FEMAXI-IV has been already finished in 1992, though a detailed structure and input manual of the code have not been open to users yet. Here, the basic theories and structure, the models and numerical solutions applied to FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), and the material properties adopted in the code are described in detail. In FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), programming bugs in previous FEMAXI-IV were eliminated, renewal of the pellet thermal conductivity was performed, and a model of thermal-stress restraint on FP gas release was incorporated. For facilitation of effective and wide-ranging application of the code, methods of input/output of the code are also described in detail, and sample output is included. (author)

Suzuki, Motoe [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Saitou, Hiroaki

1997-11-01

177

User-oriented summary extraction for soccer video based on multimodal analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

An advanced user-oriented summary extraction method for soccer video is proposed in this work. Firstly, an algorithm of user-oriented summary extraction for soccer video is introduced. A novel approach that integrates multimodal analysis, such as extraction and analysis of the stadium features, moving object features, audio features and text features is introduced. By these features the semantic of the soccer video and the highlight mode are obtained. Then we can find the highlight position and put them together by highlight degrees to obtain the video summary. The experimental results for sports video of world cup soccer games indicate that multimodal analysis is effective for soccer video browsing and retrieval.

Liu, Huayong; Jiang, Shanshan; He, Tingting

2011-11-01

178

Comparative analysis of plant oil based fuels  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the evaluation results from the analysis of different blends of fuels using the 13-mode standard SAE testing method. Six high oleic safflower oil blends, six ester blends, six high oleic sunflower oil blends, and six sunflower oil blends were used in this portion of the investigation. Additionally, the results from the repeated 13-mode tests for all the 25/75% mixtures with a complete diesel fuel test before and after each alternative fuel are presented.

Ziejewski, M.; Goettler, H.J.; Haines, H.; Huong, C.

1995-12-31

179

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF QUANTUM KEY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS  

OpenAIRE

Quantum cryptography has attracted considerable interest among specialists in information security. The overwhelming majority of research projects in quantum cryptography are related to the development of quantum key distribution protocols. Absence of generalized classification & systematization makes it difficult to estimate the level of the latest achievements and does not allow using quantum technologies with full efficiency. From this viewpoint the analysis of existed quantum key dist...

Gnatyuk, S. O. National Aviation University

2013-01-01

180

Vegetation Change Analysis User's Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Diagnostic techniques are needed to identify thresholds of sustainable military use. A cooperative effort among U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, and selected university scientists was undertaken to focus on developing new techniques for monitoring and mitigating military impacts in arid lands. This manual focuses on the development of new monitoring techniques that have been implemented at Fort Irwin, California. New mitigation techniques are described in a separate companion manual. This User's Manual is designed to address diagnostic capabilities needed to distinguish between various degrees of sustainable and nonsustainable impacts due to military training and testing and habitat-disturbing activities in desert ecosystems. Techniques described here focus on the use of high-resolution imagery and the application of image-processing techniques developed primarily for medical research. A discussion is provided about the measurement of plant biomass and shrub canopy cover in arid. lands using conventional methods. Both semiquantitative methods and quantitative methods are discussed and reference to current literature is provided. A background about the use of digital imagery to measure vegetation is presented.

D. J. Hansen; W. K. Ostler

2002-10-01

181

EXPOSURE ANALYSIS MODELING SYSTEM (EXAMS): USER MANUAL AND SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION  

Science.gov (United States)

The Exposure Analysis Modeling System, first published in 1982 (EPA-600/3-82-023), provides interactive computer software for formulating aquatic ecosystem models and rapidly evaluating the fate, transport, and exposure concentrations of synthetic organic chemicals - pesticides, ...

182

Comparative metabolic systems analysis of pathogenic Burkholderia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Burkholderia cenocepacia and Burkholderia multivorans are opportunistic drug-resistant pathogens that account for the majority of Burkholderia cepacia complex infections in cystic fibrosis patients and also infect other immunocompromised individuals. While they share similar genetic compositions, B. cenocepacia and B. multivorans exhibit important differences in pathogenesis. We have developed reconciled genome-scale metabolic network reconstructions of B. cenocepacia J2315 and B. multivorans ATCC 17616 in parallel (designated iPY1537 and iJB1411, respectively) to compare metabolic abilities and contextualize genetic differences between species. The reconstructions capture the metabolic functions of the two species and give insight into similarities and differences in their virulence and growth capabilities. The two reconstructions have 1,437 reactions in common, and iPY1537 and iJB1411 have 67 and 36 metabolic reactions unique to each, respectively. After curating the extensive reservoir of metabolic genes in Burkholderia, we identified 6 genes essential to growth that are unique to iPY1513 and 13 genes uniquely essential to iJB1411. The reconstructions were refined and validated by comparing in silico growth predictions to in vitro growth capabilities of B. cenocepacia J2315, B. cenocepacia K56-2, and B. multivorans ATCC 17616 on 104 carbon sources. Overall, we identified functional pathways that indicate B. cenocepacia can produce a wider array of virulence factors compared to B. multivorans, which supports the clinical observation that B. cenocepacia is more virulent than B. multivorans. The reconciled reconstructions provide a framework for generating and testing hypotheses on the metabolic and virulence capabilities of these two related emerging pathogens. PMID:24163337

Bartell, Jennifer A; Yen, Phillip; Varga, John J; Goldberg, Joanna B; Papin, Jason A

2014-01-01

183

[Amaranth flour: characteristics, comparative analysis, application possibilities].  

Science.gov (United States)

Amaranth flour--a product of amaranth seeds processing--is a valuable industrial raw material that has an unique chemical composition and may be used for nutrition of people suffering from intolerance to traditional cereals protein, including celiac disease patients. The research aim was to study the composition of amaranth flour of two types compared with semolina which is traditionally used for nutrition by Russian population, as well as to compare the composition of milk amaranth flour porridge with milk semolina porridge. The composition of amaranth whole-ground flour and amaranth flour of premium grade processed from amaranth seeds grown in Voronezh region has been researched. It is to be noted that protein content in amaranth flour was 10.8-24.3% higher than in semolina, and its biological value and NPU-coefficient were higher by 22.65 and 46.51% respectively; lysine score in amaranth flour protein of premium grade came up to 107.54%, and in semolina protein only 40.95%. The level of digestible carbohydrates, including starch, was lower in amaranth flour than in semolina by 2.79-12.85 and 4.76-15.85% respectively, while fiber content was 15.5-30 fold higher. Fat content in amaranth flour of premium grade was 2,4 fold lower than in whole-ground amaranth flour but it was 45% higher than in semolina. The main advantage of amaranth flour protein compared to wheat protein is the predominance of albumins and globulins and a minimal content of prolamines and alpha-gliadin complete absence. The specifics of chemical composition allow the amaranth flour to be recommended for being included into nutrition of both healthy children and adults and also celiac disease patients. PMID:25059059

Zharkov, I M; Miroshnichenko, L A; Zviagin, A A; Bavykina, I A

2014-01-01

184

Radionuclides in sediments - a comparative analysis, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

On behalf of the BMI (Federal German Ministry of the Interior), the BfG in 1981 again started an interlaboratory comparison (among 42 measuring points) on the topic of radionuclides in sediments. The study was intended to test the reliability of G?, G?/R? measurements in sedimentary samples under practical conditions. The comparative analyses again revealed a number of error sources, and errors could be corrected. This was achieved not least by a good cooperation among the participating laboratories who contributed a.o. very useful information and ideas. (orig./HP)

185

Comparative Analysis of Color Video Enhancment Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contrast enhancement has an important role in image processing applications. This paper presents a color enhancement algorithm based on adaptive filter technique. First, the proposed method is  divided into  three  major  parts:  obtain  luminance  image  and backdrop  image,  adaptive  modification  and  color restoration.  different  traditional  color  image  enhancement algorithms,  the  adaptive  filter  in  the  algorithm  takes  color information  into  consideration.  The algorithm finds the significance of color information in color image enhancement and utilizes color space conversion to obtain a much better visibility.  . In the practical results, the proposed method reproduces better enhancement and reduce the halo distortion compared with the bilateral  methods.

Rajeev Sunakara

2013-10-01

186

REVIEW AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF WEBINAR SOLUTIONS  

OpenAIRE

In this thesis we examined and compared solutions to support web seminars. The first part we focused on only webinars area within which we defined key terms, reviewed the history, design technology and presented ten best practices. In the second part we examined solutions to support web seminars, smart phones and tablets. In the third section we analyzed the solution to online seminars, we were limited to the following solutions: Citrix Online 5.0, Adobe Connect 8.0, 8.5 and Cisco WebEx on An...

Vunderl, Mitja

2012-01-01

187

Regression Analysis of Effective Factor on People Participation in Protecting, Revitalizing, Developing and Using Renewable Natural Resources in Ilam Province from the View of Users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: The purpose of this study was the regression analysis of effective factor on people participation in protecting, revitalizing, developing and using renewable natural resources in Ilam province. Approach: This study was a casual comparative and applies one. Sample was taken from natural resources users. Results: The sample size of groups was 317 for users respectively. For sample selection, stratified, cluster and multiple sampling were utilized. The main tools for gathering data were questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were obtained by experts and pilot study and its Alfa level was 88%. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used and data was analyzed by sp. 15. To test the hypothesis, correlation, multiple regressions were employed. Conclusion: The result indicated that level of education, rate of media using, users trusting on natural resources executive, consulting with users before implementation the plans, number of cattles, kind of occupation, users membership in public institution and organization, social status of users, Technical knowledge of users, present status of natural of natural resources extensive plans, political and low full support of users, amount of loan received by users and organizing nature assistant, have a significant role on people participation on protecting, revitalizing, developing and using renewable natural resources.

Bagher Arayesh

2010-01-01

188

Comparative analysis of life insurance market  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the comprehensive analysis of statistic insight into development of the world and regional life insurance markets on the basis of macroeconomic indicators. The author located domestic life insurance market on the global scale, analyzed its development and suggested the methods to calculate the marketing life insurance index. There was also approbated the mentioned methods on database of 77 countries all over the world. The author also defined the national rating on the basis of marketing life insurance index.

Malynych, Anna Mykolayivna

2011-05-01

189

A comparative analysis of capacity adequacy policies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper a stochastic dynamic optimization model is used to analyze the effect of different generation adequacy policies in restructured power systems. The expansion decisions of profit-maximizing investors are simulated under a number of different market designs: Energy Only with and without a price cap, Capacity Payment, Capacity Obligation, Capacity Subscription, and Demand Elasticity. The results show that the overall social welfare is reduced compared to a centralized social welfare optimization for all policies except Capacity Subscription and Demand Elasticity. In particular, an energy only market with a low price cap leads to a significant increase in involuntary load shedding. Capacity payments and obligations give additional investment incentives and more generating capacity, but also result in a considerable transfer of wealth from consumers to producers due to the capacity payments. Increased demand elasticity increases social welfare, but also results in a transfer from producers to consumers, compared to the theoretical social welfare optimum. In contrast, the capacity subscription policy increases the social welfare, and both producers and consumers benefit. This is possible because capacity subscription explicitly utilizes differences in consumers' preferences for uninterrupted supply. This advantage must be weighed against the cost of implementation, which is not included in the model.

190

Orthodoxy and reflexivity in international comparative analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This contribution aims at four points.First we want to argue why we think a reflexive social science is more adequate than the orthodox consensus. In current practice much of the criticism on the orthodox consensus is shared on a theoretical level, without considering the implications and acting upon the consequences on the level of empirical research. We want to avoid that, so our second and third subject will be the practical implications of reflexivity for empirical research as well as for social policy. Our discussion on these subjects is based on the practical experiences in the INPART project, in which we have tried to deal with these consequences. Fourth, and hopefully as a result of the first three aims, we want to argue that a reflexive approach of international, comparative research is not only desirable, but attainable as well. In order to do so, we begin with a short discussion of the main methodological principles of the orthodox consensus and the empirical-analytical research model that is basedupon them. In that paragraph we will also argue why this approach apparently gives their adherents little problems in doing international research. Next, we will explore and elaborate on the main issues in the so-called ?reflexive approach? and consider the main consequences of this approach for both social science and social policy. Against this background we will discuss the implications for comparative research and the experiences of the INPART project end up with a few central issues for further debate.

Lind, Jens; Valkenburg, Ben

2002-01-01

191

Quantitative analysis of comparative genomic hybridization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a new molecular cytogenetic method for the detection of chromosomal imbalances. Following cohybridization of DNA prepared from a sample to be studied and control DNA to normal metaphase spreads, probes are detected via different fluorochromes. The ratio of the test and control fluorescence intensities along a chromosome reflects the relative copy number of segments of a chromosome in the test genome. Quantitative evaluation of CGH experiments is required for the determination of low copy changes, e.g., monosomy or trisomy, and for the definition of the breakpoints involved in unbalanced rearrangements. In this study, a program for quantitation of CGH preparations is presented. This program is based on the extraction of the fluorescence ratio profile along each chromosome, followed by averaging of individual profiles from several metaphase spreads. Objective parameters critical for quantitative evaluations were tested, and the criteria for selection of suitable CGH preparations are described. The granularity of the chromosome painting and the regional inhomogeneity of fluorescence intensities in metaphase spreads proved to be crucial parameters. The coefficient of variation of the ratio value for chromosomes in balanced state (CVBS) provides a general quality criterion for CGH experiments. Different cutoff levels (thresholds) of average fluorescence ratio values were compared for their specificity and sensitivity with regard to the detection of chromosomal imbalances. 27 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Manoir, S. du; Bentz, M.; Joos, S. [Abteilung Organisation komplexer Genome, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Institut fuer Humangenetik, Heidelberg (Germany)] [and others

1995-01-01

192

The Constant Comparative Method of Qualitative Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Currently, the general approaches to the analysis of qualitative data are these:1. If the analyst wishes to convert qualitative data into crudely quantifiable form so that he can provisionally test a hypothesis, he codes the data first and then analyzes it. He makes an effort to code “all relevant data [that] can be brought to bear on a point,” and then systematically assembles, assesses and analyzes these data in a fashion that will “constitute proof for a given proposition.”i2. If the analyst wishes only to generate theoretical ideasnew categories and their properties, hypotheses and interrelated hypotheses- he cannot be confined to the practice of coding first and then analyzing the data since, in generating theory, he is constantly redesigning and reintegrating his theoretical notions as he reviews his material.ii Analysis with his purpose, but the explicit coding itself often seems an unnecessary, burdensome task. As a result, the analyst merely inspects his data for new properties of his theoretical categories, and writes memos on these properties.We wish to suggest a third approach

Barney G. Glaser, Ph.D.

2008-11-01

193

Audience participation in online news websites : a comparative analysis  

OpenAIRE

In a moment of transformation of media as a result of ongoing processes of digitalization and convergence, television broadcasters are increasingly betting on tools that allow the public to assume a more active role in the production of contents. Emergent phenomena such as participatory journalism, user-generated content or the integration of social networking websites are becoming more and more relevant in the online public sphere. This paper compares the models for online news websites part...

Franquet I Calvet, Rosa

2011-01-01

194

Resilience and electricity systems: A comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Electricity systems have generally evolved based on the natural resources available locally. Few metrics exist to compare the security of electricity supply of different countries despite the increasing likelihood of potential shocks to the power system like energy price increases and carbon price regulation. This paper seeks to calculate a robust measure of national power system resilience by analysing each step in the process of transformation from raw energy to consumed electricity. Countries with sizeable deposits of mineral resources are used for comparison because of the need for electricity-intensive metals processing. We find that shifts in electricity-intensive industry can be predicted based on countries' power system resilience. - Highlights: ? We establish a resilience index measure for major electricity systems. ? We examine a range of OECD and developing nations electricity systems and their ability to cope with shocks. ? Robustness measures are established to show resilience of electricity systems.

195

Comparative analysis of nanostructured diblock copolymer films  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nanostructured polymer films of poly(styrene-block-paramethylstyrene) diblock copolymers P(Sd-b-pMS) on silicon substrates with a native oxide layer are investigated. Resulting from a storage under toluene vapor, a surface structure is installed. The early stages, characterized by the creation of a host structure out of an initially continuous film, are addressed. Grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) experiments were performed as a function of exposure time. Results are compared to modelling of the scattering pattern and other experimental techniques, such as grazing incidence small-angle neutron scattering (GISANS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) data. Possibilities and limits of the techniques are discussed

196

Comparative analysis of some search engines  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english We compared the information retrieval performances of some popular search engines (namely, Google, Yahoo, AlltheWeb, Gigablast, Zworks and AltaVista and Bing/MSN) in response to a list of ten queries, varying in complexity. These queries were run on each search engine and the precision and response [...] time of the retrieved results were recorded. The first ten documents on each retrieval output were evaluated as being 'relevant' or 'non-relevant' for evaluation of the search engine's precision. To evaluate response time, normalised recall ratios were calculated at various cut-off points for each query and search engine. This study shows that Google appears to be the best search engine in terms of both average precision (70%) and average response time (2 s). Gigablast and AlltheWeb performed the worst overall in this study.

J, Edosomwan; TO, Edosomwan.

2010-12-01

197

Comparative analysis of some search engines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We compared the information retrieval performances of some popular search engines (namely, Google, Yahoo, AlltheWeb, Gigablast, Zworks and AltaVista and Bing/MSN in response to a list of ten queries, varying in complexity. These queries were run on each search engine and the precision and response time of the retrieved results were recorded. The first ten documents on each retrieval output were evaluated as being ‘relevant’ or ‘non-relevant’ for evaluation of the search engine’s precision. To evaluate response time, normalised recall ratios were calculated at various cut-off points for each query and search engine. This study shows that Google appears to be the best search engine in terms of both average precision (70% and average response time (2 s. Gigablast and AlltheWeb performed the worst overall in this study.

Taiwo O. Edosomwan

2010-10-01

198

User's guide for 10 CFR 61 impact analysis codes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document explains how to use the Impact Analysis Codes used in the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) (NUREG-0782, Vol. 1-4) supporting 10 CFR 61, Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste. The mathematical development of the impact Analysis Codes and other information necessary to understand the results of using the Codes is contained in the DEIS, and in a supporting document, Data Base for Radioactive Waste Management (NUREG/CR-1759, Vol. 1-3). This document was prepared with the intention of accompanying a computer magnetic tape containing the Impact Analysis Codes. A form is included at the end of this document which can be used to obtain such a tape

199

User Suggestions Extraction from customer Reviews A Sentiment Analysis approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Customer review is a major criterion for the improvement of the quality of services rendered and enhancement of the deliverables. Blogs, articles and discussion forums, provide manufacturers or sellers with a good understanding of the reception level of their products in the competitive market. An interesting area from the business analysis perspective, this paper discusses an opinion based mining technique for the extraction of the relevant data using Natural Language Processing and text analysis, and comprehends suggestions from an actionable feedback.

Vishwanath.J,

2011-03-01

200

SimHap GUI: An intuitive graphical user interface for genetic association analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Researchers wishing to conduct genetic association analysis involving single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs or haplotypes are often confronted with the lack of user-friendly graphical analysis tools, requiring sophisticated statistical and informatics expertise to perform relatively straightforward tasks. Tools, such as the SimHap package for the R statistics language, provide the necessary statistical operations to conduct sophisticated genetic analysis, but lacks a graphical user interface that allows anyone but a professional statistician to effectively utilise the tool. Results We have developed SimHap GUI, a cross-platform integrated graphical analysis tool for conducting epidemiological, single SNP and haplotype-based association analysis. SimHap GUI features a novel workflow interface that guides the user through each logical step of the analysis process, making it accessible to both novice and advanced users. This tool provides a seamless interface to the SimHap R package, while providing enhanced functionality such as sophisticated data checking, automated data conversion, and real-time estimations of haplotype simulation progress. Conclusion SimHap GUI provides a novel, easy-to-use, cross-platform solution for conducting a range of genetic and non-genetic association analyses. This provides a free alternative to commercial statistics packages that is specifically designed for genetic association analysis.

Carter Kim W

2008-12-01

201

Comparing sound localization deficits in bilateral cochlear-implant users and vocoder simulations with normal-hearing listeners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bilateral cochlear-implant (BiCI) users are less accurate at localizing free-field (FF) sound sources than normal-hearing (NH) listeners. This performance gap is not well understood but is likely due to a combination of compromises in acoustic signal representation by the two independent speech processors and neural degradation of auditory pathways associated with a patient's hearing loss. To exclusively investigate the effect of CI speech encoding on horizontal-plane sound localization, the present study measured sound localization performance in NH subjects listening to vocoder processed and nonvocoded virtual acoustic space (VAS) stimuli. Various aspects of BiCI stimulation such as independently functioning devices, variable across-ear channel selection, and pulsatile stimulation were simulated using uncorrelated noise (Nu), correlated noise (N0), or Gaussian-enveloped tone (GET) carriers during vocoder processing. Additionally, FF sound localization in BiCI users was measured in the same testing environment for comparison. Distinct response patterns across azimuthal locations were evident for both listener groups and were analyzed using a multilevel regression analysis. Simulated implant speech encoding, regardless of carrier, was detrimental to NH localization and the GET vocoder best simulated BiCI FF performance in NH listeners. Overall, the detrimental effect of vocoder processing on NH performance suggests that sound localization deficits may persist even for BiCI patients who have minimal neural degradation associated with their hearing loss and indicates that CI speech encoding plays a significant role in the sound localization deficits experienced by BiCI users. PMID:25385244

Jones, Heath; Kan, Alan; Litovsky, Ruth Y

2014-01-01

202

Comparative Modal Analysis of Sieve Hardware Designs  

Science.gov (United States)

The CMTB Thwacker hardware operates as a testbed analogue for the Flight Thwacker and Sieve components of CHIMRA, a device on the Curiosity Rover. The sieve separates particles with a diameter smaller than 150 microns for delivery to onboard science instruments. The sieving behavior of the testbed hardware should be similar to the Flight hardware for the results to be meaningful. The elastodynamic behavior of both sieves was studied analytically using the Rayleigh Ritz method in conjunction with classical plate theory. Finite element models were used to determine the mode shapes of both designs, and comparisons between the natural frequencies and mode shapes were made. The analysis predicts that the performance of the CMTB Thwacker will closely resemble the performance of the Flight Thwacker within the expected steady state operating regime. Excitations of the testbed hardware that will mimic the flight hardware were recommended, as were those that will improve the efficiency of the sieving process.

Thompson, Nathaniel

2012-01-01

203

Comparative Analysis Of Cloud Computing Security Issues  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Almost all the organizations are seriously thinking to adopt the cloud computingservices, seeing its benefits in terms of cost, accessibility, availability, flexibility andhighly automated process of updation. Cloud Computing enhance the current capabilitiesdynamically without further investment. Cloud Computing is a band of resources, applicationsand services. In cloud computing customer’s access IT related services in terms of infrastructure platform and software without getting knowledge of underlying technologies. With the executionof cloud computing, organizations have strong concerns about the security of their data.Organizations are hesitating to take initiatives in the deployment of their businesses due to data security problem. This paper gives an overview of cloud computing and analysis of security issues in cloud computing.

AKRAM MUJAHID

2014-01-01

204

Sensorial analysis and electronic aroma detection to compare olive oils  

OpenAIRE

Sensorial analysis and electronic aroma detection to compare olive oils produced by different extraction methods. A sensorial analysis and an aroma analysis by electronic sensory devices were used to compare olive oils produced according to two different extraction methods. The extraction methods compared were the press system and two phase decanter. Samples were taken from the harvests of 2002-2004 and the olives were all from the same variety. The variety used was...

Vaz-freire, L.; Cabrita, M. J.; Gomes Da Silva, M. D. R.; Costa Freitas, A. M.

2011-01-01

205

ECONOMIC GROWTH ANALYSIS SYSTEM: USER'S GUIDE VERSION 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The two-volume report describes the development of and provides information needed to operate, the Economic Growth Analysis System (E-GAS) Version 2.0 model. The model will be used to project emissions inventories of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), a...

206

ECONOMIC GROWTH ANALYSIS SYSTEM: USER'S GUIDE - VERSION 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The two-volume report describes the development of and provides information needed to operate, the Economic Growth Analysis System (E-GAS) Version 2.0 model. he model will be used to project emissions inventories of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and...

207

ECONOMIC GROWTH ANALYSIS SYSTEM: USER'S GUIDE - VERSION 3.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The two-volume report describes the development of, and provides information needed to operate, the Economic Growth Analysis System (E-GAS) Version 3.0 model. The model will be used to project emissions inventories of volatile organic compounds, oxides of nitrogen, and carbon mon...

208

Comparative analysis of metazoan chromatin organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Genome function is dynamically regulated in part by chromatin, which consists of the histones, non-histone proteins and RNA molecules that package DNA. Studies in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster have contributed substantially to our understanding of molecular mechanisms of genome function in humans, and have revealed conservation of chromatin components and mechanisms. Nevertheless, the three organisms have markedly different genome sizes, chromosome architecture and gene organization. On human and fly chromosomes, for example, pericentric heterochromatin flanks single centromeres, whereas worm chromosomes have dispersed heterochromatin-like regions enriched in the distal chromosomal 'arms', and centromeres distributed along their lengths. To systematically investigate chromatin organization and associated gene regulation across species, we generated and analysed a large collection of genome-wide chromatin data sets from cell lines and developmental stages in worm, fly and human. Here we present over 800 new data sets from our ENCODE and modENCODE consortia, bringing the total to over 1,400. Comparison of combinatorial patterns of histone modifications, nuclear lamina-associated domains, organization of large-scale topological domains, chromatin environment at promoters and enhancers, nucleosome positioning, and DNA replication patterns reveals many conserved features of chromatin organization among the three organisms. We also find notable differences in the composition and locations of repressive chromatin. These data sets and analyses provide a rich resource for comparative and species-specific investigations of chromatin composition, organization and function. PMID:25164756

Ho, Joshua W K; Jung, Youngsook L; Liu, Tao; Alver, Burak H; Lee, Soohyun; Ikegami, Kohta; Sohn, Kyung-Ah; Minoda, Aki; Tolstorukov, Michael Y; Appert, Alex; Parker, Stephen C J; Gu, Tingting; Kundaje, Anshul; Riddle, Nicole C; Bishop, Eric; Egelhofer, Thea A; Hu, Sheng'en Shawn; Alekseyenko, Artyom A; Rechtsteiner, Andreas; Asker, Dalal; Belsky, Jason A; Bowman, Sarah K; Chen, Q Brent; Chen, Ron A-J; Day, Daniel S; Dong, Yan; Dose, Andrea C; Duan, Xikun; Epstein, Charles B; Ercan, Sevinc; Feingold, Elise A; Ferrari, Francesco; Garrigues, Jacob M; Gehlenborg, Nils; Good, Peter J; Haseley, Psalm; He, Daniel; Herrmann, Moritz; Hoffman, Michael M; Jeffers, Tess E; Kharchenko, Peter V; Kolasinska-Zwierz, Paulina; Kotwaliwale, Chitra V; Kumar, Nischay; Langley, Sasha A; Larschan, Erica N; Latorre, Isabel; Libbrecht, Maxwell W; Lin, Xueqiu; Park, Richard; Pazin, Michael J; Pham, Hoang N; Plachetka, Annette; Qin, Bo; Schwartz, Yuri B; Shoresh, Noam; Stempor, Przemyslaw; Vielle, Anne; Wang, Chengyang; Whittle, Christina M; Xue, Huiling; Kingston, Robert E; Kim, Ju Han; Bernstein, Bradley E; Dernburg, Abby F; Pirrotta, Vincenzo; Kuroda, Mitzi I; Noble, William S; Tullius, Thomas D; Kellis, Manolis; MacAlpine, David M; Strome, Susan; Elgin, Sarah C R; Liu, Xiaole Shirley; Lieb, Jason D; Ahringer, Julie; Karpen, Gary H; Park, Peter J

2014-08-28

209

Comparative analysis of mobilizable genomic islands.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mobilizable genomic islands (MGIs) are small genomic islands of less than 35 kbp containing an integrase gene and a sequence that resembles the origin of transfer (oriT) of an integrating conjugative element (ICE). MGIs have been shown to site-specifically integrate and excise from the chromosome of bacterial hosts and hijack the conjugative machinery of a coresident ICE to disseminate. To date, MGIs have been described in three strains belonging to three different Vibrio species. In this study, we report the discovery of 11 additional putative MGIs found in various species of Vibrio, Alteromonas, Pseudoalteromonas, and Methylophaga. We designed an MGI capture system that allowed us to relocate chromosomal MGIs onto a low-copy-number plasmid and facilitate their isolation and sequencing. Comparative genomics and phylogenetic analyses of these mobile genetic elements revealed their mosaic structure and their evolution through recombination and acquisition of exogenous DNA. MGIs were found to belong to a larger family of genomic islands (GIs) sharing a similar integrase gene and often integrated into the same integration site yet exhibiting a different mechanism of regulation of excision and mobilization. We found that MGIs can excise only when an ICE of the SXT/R391 family is coresident in the same cell, while GIs still excise regardless. PMID:23204461

Daccord, Aurélie; Ceccarelli, Daniela; Rodrigue, Sébastien; Burrus, Vincent

2013-02-01

210

Comparative Analysis of Various Scheduling Algorithms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scheduling is the technique used for controlling the order of the job which is to be performed by a CPU of a computer. The motive of scheduling is to engage the CPU at its maximum capacity and no process shall wait for longer time and to finish the entire task in minimum possible time. In this paper, we discuss various types of Scheduling algorithms and Compare their performance on terms of throughput and waiting time. First of them is First Come First Served (FCFS which is a non-preemptive and the simplest scheduling. FCFS is good for long job. Second is Shortest Job First (SJF scheduling which selects that job first which has least processing time i.e. the processing demanding the less CPU time is executed first. Next is Round Robin (RR scheduling, it removes the drawbacks of FCFS by preempting running jobs periodically. But if the length of time quantum is too short then more time will waste in context switching. Last one is Priority Based scheduling where each process is assigned a priority (preference to create the order of execution.

Lalit Kishor, Dinesh Goyal

2013-04-01

211

CARBON SEQUESTRATION: A METHODS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

All human activities are related with the energy consumption. Energy requirements will continue to rise, due to the modern life and the developing countries growth. Most of the energy demand emanates from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels combustion has negative environmental impacts, with the CO2 production to be dominating. The fulfillment of the Kyoto protocol criteria requires the minimization of CO2 emissions. Thus the management of the CO2 emissions is an urgent matter. The use of appliances with low energy use and the adoption of an energy policy that prevents the unnecessary energy use, can play lead to the reduction of carbon emissions. A different route is the introduction of ''clean'' energy sources, such as renewable energy sources. Last but not least, the development of carbon sequestration methods can be promising technique with big future potential. The objective of this work is the analysis and comparison of different carbon sequestration and deposit methods. Ocean deposit, land ecosystems deposit, geological formations deposit and radical biological and chemical approaches will be analyzed

212

Community detection algorithms: A comparative analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Uncovering the community structure exhibited by real networks is a crucial step toward an understanding of complex systems that goes beyond the local organization of their constituents. Many algorithms have been proposed so far, but none of them has been subjected to strict tests to evaluate their performance. Most of the sporadic tests performed so far involved small networks with known community structure and/or artificial graphs with a simplified structure, which is very uncommon in real systems. Here we test several methods against a recently introduced class of benchmark graphs, with heterogeneous distributions of degree and community size. The methods are also tested against the benchmark by Girvan and Newman [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99, 7821 (2002)] and on random graphs. As a result of our analysis, three recent algorithms introduced by Rosvall and Bergstrom [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 7327 (2007); Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105, 1118 (2008)], Blondel [J. Stat. Mech.: Theory Exp. (2008), P10008], and Ronhovde and Nussinov [Phys. Rev. E 80, 016109 (2009)] have an excellent performance, with the additional advantage of low computational complexity, which enables one to analyze large systems.

Lancichinetti, Andrea; Fortunato, Santo

2009-11-01

213

CULTURE AND SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE: ANALYSIS OF JAPANESE TWITTER USERS  

OpenAIRE

Twitter, one of the most popular microblogging tools, has been used extensively all around the world. However, up to date, no study has addressed how culture influences the use of this communication platform. In order to close the literature gap and promote cross-cultural understandings, this paper content analyzed 4,000 tweets from 200 college students in Japan and the USA. The results showed that Japanese college students post more self-related messages and ask fewer questions compared to ...

Adam Acar; Ayaka Deguchi

2013-01-01

214

Comparative and demographic analysis of orangutan genomes  

Science.gov (United States)

“Orangutan” is derived from the Malay term “man of the forest” and aptly describes the Southeast Asian great apes native to Sumatra and Borneo. The orangutan species, Pongo abelii (Sumatran) and Pongo pygmaeus (Bornean), are the most phylogenetically distant great apes from humans, thereby providing an informative perspective on hominid evolution. Here we present a Sumatran orangutan draft genome assembly and short read sequence data from five Sumatran and five Bornean orangutan genomes. Our analyses reveal that, compared to other primates, the orangutan genome has many unique features. Structural evolution of the orangutan genome has proceeded much more slowly than other great apes, evidenced by fewer rearrangements, less segmental duplication, a lower rate of gene family turnover and surprisingly quiescent Alu repeats, which have played a major role in restructuring other primate genomes. We also describe the first primate polymorphic neocentromere, found in both Pongo species, emphasizing the gradual evolution of orangutan genome structure. Orangutans have extremely low energy usage for a eutherian mammal1, far lower than their hominid relatives. Adding their genome to the repertoire of sequenced primates illuminates new signals of positive selection in several pathways including glycolipid metabolism. From the population perspective, both Pongo species are deeply diverse; however, Sumatran individuals possess greater diversity than their Bornean counterparts, and more species-specific variation. Our estimate of Bornean/Sumatran speciation time, 400k years ago (ya), is more recent than most previous studies and underscores the complexity of the orangutan speciation process. Despite a smaller modern census population size, the Sumatran effective population size (Ne) expanded exponentially relative to the ancestral Ne after the split, while Bornean Ne declined over the same period. Overall, the resources and analyses presented here offer new opportunities in evolutionary genomics, insights into hominid biology, and an extensive database of variation for conservation efforts. PMID:21270892

Locke, Devin P.; Hillier, LaDeana W.; Warren, Wesley C.; Worley, Kim C.; Nazareth, Lynne V.; Muzny, Donna M.; Yang, Shiaw-Pyng; Wang, Zhengyuan; Chinwalla, Asif T.; Minx, Pat; Mitreva, Makedonka; Cook, Lisa; Delehaunty, Kim D.; Fronick, Catrina; Schmidt, Heather; Fulton, Lucinda A.; Fulton, Robert S.; Nelson, Joanne O.; Magrini, Vincent; Pohl, Craig; Graves, Tina A.; Markovic, Chris; Cree, Andy; Dinh, Huyen H.; Hume, Jennifer; Kovar, Christie L.; Fowler, Gerald R.; Lunter, Gerton; Meader, Stephen; Heger, Andreas; Ponting, Chris P.; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Alkan, Can; Chen, Lin; Cheng, Ze; Kidd, Jeffrey M.; Eichler, Evan E.; White, Simon; Searle, Stephen; Vilella, Albert J.; Chen, Yuan; Flicek, Paul; Ma, Jian; Raney, Brian; Suh, Bernard; Burhans, Richard; Herrero, Javier; Haussler, David; Faria, Rui; Fernando, Olga; Darré, Fleur; Farré, Domènec; Gazave, Elodie; Oliva, Meritxell; Navarro, Arcadi; Roberto, Roberta; Capozzi, Oronzo; Archidiacono, Nicoletta; Valle, Giuliano Della; Purgato, Stefania; Rocchi, Mariano; Konkel, Miriam K.; Walker, Jerilyn A.; Ullmer, Brygg; Batzer, Mark A.; Smit, Arian F. A.; Hubley, Robert; Casola, Claudio; Schrider, Daniel R.; Hahn, Matthew W.; Quesada, Victor; Puente, Xose S.; Ordoñez, Gonzalo R.; López-Otín, Carlos; Vinar, Tomas; Brejova, Brona; Ratan, Aakrosh; Harris, Robert S.; Miller, Webb; Kosiol, Carolin; Lawson, Heather A.; Taliwal, Vikas; Martins, André L.; Siepel, Adam; RoyChoudhury, Arindam; Ma, Xin; Degenhardt, Jeremiah; Bustamante, Carlos D.; Gutenkunst, Ryan N.; Mailund, Thomas; Dutheil, Julien Y.; Hobolth, Asger; Schierup, Mikkel H.; Chemnick, Leona; Ryder, Oliver A.; Yoshinaga, Yuko; de Jong, Pieter J.; Weinstock, George M.; Rogers, Jeffrey; Mardis, Elaine R.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Wilson, Richard K.

2011-01-01

215

User Suggestions Extraction from customer Reviews A Sentiment Analysis approach  

OpenAIRE

Customer review is a major criterion for the improvement of the quality of services rendered and enhancement of the deliverables. Blogs, articles and discussion forums, provide manufacturers or sellers with a good understanding of the reception level of their products in the competitive market. An interesting area from the business analysis perspective, this paper discusses an opinion based mining technique for the extraction of the relevant data using Natural Language Processing and text ana...

Vishwanath.J,; Aishwarya.S

2011-01-01

216

A comparative study of descriptions and value added of bibliographic records through MARC, DC and MODS: From the viewpoints of the users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understand which bibliographic data are the core elements of the user’s queries? What users’ viewpoints about resource descriptions using different metadata standards? What kinds of value-added items are the users’ favorite when they conduct a bibliographic search? What are users’ viewpoints about bibliographic records integrated with the Digital Archival and Institutional Repository resources through metadata interoperability methods? This research adopted experiments, observation and interviews. The sample subjects are drawn from 14 students of The Graduate Institute of Library and Information Science and College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. First of all, the researcher displayed the bibliographic records using original MARC from the library. Secondly, users compared the images of OPAC from the library with the format of DC and MODS transformed through the MarcEdit software. Additionally, the researcher conducted interviews to understand users’ viewpoints about using three metadata schemas to describe the same book. Finally, the researcher asked the degree of users’ satisfaction about using bibliographic records alone and bibliographic records integrated with the Digital Archival and Institutional Repository resources. The findings suggest that libraries could provide more value-added and comprehensive services of bibliographic records and information retrieval, in order for all kinds of resources to be fully utilized, which helps to meet the users’ information needs.

Huei-Chu Chang

2014-04-01

217

Does social media users’ commenting behavior differ by their local community tie? A computer–assisted linguistic analysis approach  

OpenAIRE

This study is an exploratory attempt to use automatic linguistic analysis for understanding social media users’ news commenting behavior. The study addresses geographically–based dynamics in human–computer interaction, namely, users’ tie to a geographic community. Specifically, the study reveals that commenting behavior differs between users of different levels of local community tie. Comments by local users, those with higher level of local community tie, exhibit different linguistic...

Xu, Weiai Wayne Department Of Communication At The University At Buffalo; Li, Liangyue Department Of Electrical And Computer Engineering At Northeastern University In Boston; Stefanone, Michael A. Department Of Communication At The University At Buffalo; Fu, Yun Assistant Professor And Founding Director Of The Smile Lab In The Department Of Electrical And Computer Engineering At Northeastern University At Boston

2013-01-01

218

Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data  

CERN Document Server

A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of semantic and temporal-based constraints. We have processed over 30 thousand user browsing sessions extracted from usage logs of DBPedia and Semantic Web Dog Food. All these events are formalized semantically using respective domain ontologies and RDF representations of the Web resources being accessed. We show the eectiveness of our approach through experimental results, providing in this way an exploratory analysis of the way users browse theWeb of Data.

Hoxha, Julia; Agarwal, Sudhir

2012-01-01

219

Driving an electric vehicle. A sociological analysis on pioneer users  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In most of the western countries, car is the prevalent means of transport for local mobility. At the same time, sensitivity to environmental issues is increasing, correlated to the consciousness that carbon dioxide emissions have to be reduced. In regard to these two trends (individual mobility and public opinions favourable to a reduction of carbon emissions), energy-efficient vehicles will probably develop in the future-car manufacturers actually prepare new offers for the mass market. Comparable cases have occurred during the last decades-probably more modest but full of learning: some local authorities have promoted innovations based on electric vehicles in the 1990s, and some people have chosen this kind of cars for their daily travels. This article deals with these pioneers (This article comes from a communication at the ECEEE Summer Study, June 2009, Panel 6: Energy efficiency in transport and mobility.). Reporting studies carried out in 2006 and 2008, we intend to identify the reasons of this innovative modal choice, to show the difficulties that electric vehicle drivers then encountered and to analyse the patterns of use that governed their mobility and their use of electric vehicles.

Pierre, M. [EDF R and D, Electricite de France, Research and Development, 1 avenue du General de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart (France); Jemelin, C. [6T research bureau, 11 rue Duhesme, 75018 Paris (France); Louvet, N. [EPFL, Lausanne Federal Polytechnic School, 11 rue Duhesme, 75018 Paris (France)

2011-11-15

220

Comparative QSAR analysis of cyclo-oxygenase2 inhibiting drugs  

OpenAIRE

Cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX2) inhibiting drugs were subjected to comparative quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) analysis with an attempt to derive and to understand the relationship between the biological activity and molecular descriptors by multiple regression analysis. The different drugs that inhibit cyclo-oxygenase 2 enzyme were compared instead of subjecting one drug and its derivatives to QSAR analysis. The study was conducted to look for the common structural f...

Mohanapriya, Arumugam; Achuthan, Dayalan

2012-01-01

221

Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Training Requirements Analysis Model Users Guide. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This user's guide describes the functions, logical operations and subroutines, input data requirements, and available outputs of the Training Requirements Analysis Model (TRAMOD), a computerized analytical life cycle cost modeling system for use in the early stages of system design. Operable in a stand-alone mode, TRAMOD can be used for the…

Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

222

STAR (structural test and analysis database for reliable design) Version 7.1. User's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The STAR is characterized by having two supporting functions for developing strength evaluation methods in addition to usual data base management system, an automatic damage calculation function with external programs and an analysis system on accuracy of prediction. This report describes the structure and user information for execution of STAR code. (K. Itami)

223

Inventory of activation analysis facilities available in the European Community to Industrial users  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This inventory includes lists of activation equipment produced in the European Community, facilities available for industrial users and activation laboratories existing in the European companies. The aim of this inventory is to provide all information that may be useful, to companies interested in activation analysis, as well as to give an idea on existing routine applications and on the European market in facilities

224

E-learning interventions are comparable to user's manual in a randomized trial of training strategies for the AGREE II  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Practice guidelines (PGs are systematically developed statements intended to assist in patient and practitioner decisions. The AGREE II is the revised tool for PG development, reporting, and evaluation, comprised of 23 items, two global rating scores, and a new User's Manual. In this study, we sought to develop, execute, and evaluate the impact of two internet interventions designed to accelerate the capacity of stakeholders to use the AGREE II. Methods Participants were randomized to one of three training conditions. 'Tutorial'--participants proceeded through the online tutorial with a virtual coach and reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II. 'Tutorial + Practice Exercise'--in addition to the Tutorial, participants also appraised a 'practice' PG. For the practice PG appraisal, participants received feedback on how their scores compared to expert norms and formative feedback if scores fell outside the predefined range. 'AGREE II User's Manual PDF (control condition'--participants reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II only. All participants evaluated a test PG using the AGREE II. Outcomes of interest were learners' performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, mental effort, time-on-task, and perceptions of AGREE II. Results No differences emerged between training conditions on any of the outcome measures. Conclusions We believe these results can be explained by better than anticipated performance of the AGREE II PDF materials (control condition or the participants' level of health methodology and PG experience rather than the failure of the online training interventions. Some data suggest the online tools may be useful for trainees new to this field; however, this requires further study.

Durocher Lisa D

2011-07-01

225

Comparative analysis of 1-phenyl-2-propanone (P2P), an amphetamine-type stimulant precursor, using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry: presented in part as a poster at the 2nd meeting of the Joint European Stable Isotope User Meeting (JESIUM), Giens, France, September 2008.  

Science.gov (United States)

The isotope ratios of amphetamine type stimulants (ATS) depend as well on the precursor as the synthetic pathway. For clandestine production of amphetamine and methamphetamine, 1-phenyl-2-propanone (P2P, benzylmethylketone) is a commonly used precursor. Our aim was to determine the variation of the isotope ratios within precursor samples of one manufacturer and to compare seized samples of unknown sources to these values. delta13C(V-PDB), delta2H(V-SMOW) and delta118O(V-SMOW) isotope ratios were determined using elemental analysis (EA) and gas chromatography (GC) coupled toan isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS). The comparison of all seized samples to the data of the samples of one manufacturer revealed considerable differences. The results show that IRMS provides a high potential in differentiating between precursors from different manufacturers for the clandestine production of ATS and identifying corresponding sources. PMID:19606587

Schneiders, S; Holdermann, T; Dahlenburg, R

2009-06-01

226

A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing: phase, baseline correction and normalization. Importing processed spectra. Including/excluding spectral ranges, optional binning and bucketing, detection and alignment of peaks. Sorting of metabolites based on their ability to discriminate, metabolite selection, and outlier identification. Multivariate unsupervised analysis: principal components analysis (PCA. Multivariate supervised analysis: partial least squares (PLS, linear discriminant analysis (LDA, k-nearest neighbor classification. Neural networks. Visualization and overlapping of spectra. Plot values of the chemical shift position for different samples. Furthermore, the "Metabonomic" GUI includes a console to enable other kinds of analyses and to take advantage of all R statistical tools. Conclusion We made complex multivariate analysis user-friendly for both experienced and novice users, which could help to expand the use of NMR-based metabonomics.

Villa Palmira

2009-10-01

227

A multivariate analysis of the factors that influence the modification of sexual desire in oral hormonal contraceptive (OC users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. This work studied the influencing factors of age, level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the age at which sexual relationships were initiated, parity, the method of contraceptive previously used, the type of contraceptive pill used and the duration of oral hormonal contraception (OC use in relation to the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Materials and Methods. Prospective study of 760 OC users at the Family Planning Center “Marina Alta” in Alicante (Spain. A logistical regression analysis was carried out to study the relative risk of reduction in libido, taking other risk factors into account. Results. In the simple analysis, women who initiated sexual relationships between 18 and 25 years of age had a lower sexual desire in comparison with women who were sexually active before the age of 18 (OR = 2.11; CI: 1.15 - 3.91. Nulliparous women had a reduced sexual desire compared with those women that had given birth (OR = 2.32; CI: 1.41 - 3.82. An OC use of between 6 months and 1 year reduced sexual desire in comparison with a use of less than 6 months (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64. In the multivariate analysis, age (OR = 1.12; CI: 1.01 - 1.21 and the use of OC within an initial 6 month to a year period (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64 presented a statistically significant relationship with the modification of sexual desire. The level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the method of contraception previously used and the type of contraceptive pill prescribed showed no statistical significance with the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Conclusions. Sexual desire in OC users decreases as a woman’s age increases and in an early stage of use in the first six months after beginning OC treatment.

Mariano Martin-Loeches

2011-09-01

228

Sentiment Analysis Based Approaches for Understanding User Context in Web Content?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our day to day lives, we highly value the opinions of friends in making decisions about issueslike which brand to buy or which movie to watch. With the increasing popularity of blogs, online reviews andsocial networking sites, the current trend is to look up reviews, expert opinions and discussions on the Web,so that one can make an informed decision. Sentiment analysis, also known as opinion mining is thecomputational study of opinions, sentiments and emotions expressed in natural language for the purpose ofdecision making. Sentiment analysis applies natural language processing techniques and computationallinguistics to extract information about sentiments expressed by authors and readers about a particularsubject, thus helping users in making sense of huge volume of unstructured Web data. Applications likereview classification, product review mining and trend prediction benefit from sentiment analysis basedtechniques. This paper presents a study of different approaches in this field, the state of the art techniquesand current research in Sentiment Analysis based approaches for understanding user's context.We show that information about social relationships can be used to improve user-level sentiment analysis.The main motivation behind our approach is that users that are somehow "connected" may be more likely tohold similar opinions; therefore, relationship information can complement what we can extract about auser's viewpoints from their utterances. Employing Twitter as a source for our experimental data, andworking within a semi-supervised framework, we propose models that are induced either from the Twitterfollower/follower network or from the network in Twitter formed by users referring to each other using "@"mentions. Our transductive learning results reveal that incorporating social-network information can indeedlead to statistically significant sentiment classification improvements over the performance of an approachbased on Support Vector Machines having access only to textual features.

M. SAKTHIVEL

2013-07-01

229

A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI) for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing...

Villa Palmira; Kyriazis Angelos; Rodríguez Ignacio; Izquierdo-García Jose L; Barreiro Pilar; Desco Manuel; Ruiz-Cabello Jesús

2009-01-01

230

Delight2 Daylighting Analysis in Energy Plus: Integration and Preliminary User Results  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DElight is a simulation engine for daylight and electric lighting system analysis in buildings. DElight calculates interior illuminance levels from daylight, and the subsequent contribution required from electric lighting to meet a desired interior illuminance. DElight has been specifically designed to integrate with building thermal simulation tools. This paper updates the DElight capability set, the status of integration into the simulation tool EnergyPlus, and describes a sample analysis of a simple model from the user perspective.

Carroll, William L.; Hitchcock, Robert J.

2005-04-26

231

Code development and analysis program. RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2): user's manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This manual describes RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2), which is the latest version of the RELAP4 LPWR blowdown code. Version 2 is a precursor to the final version of RELAP4/MOD7, which will address LPWR LOCA analysis in integral fashion (i.e., blowdown, refill, and reflood in continuous fashion). This manual describes the new code models and provides application information required to utilize the code. It must be used in conjunction with the RELAP4/MOD5 User's Manual (ANCR-NUREG-1335, dated September 1976), and the RELAP4/MOD6 User's Manual (CDAP-TR-003, dated January 1978).

None

1978-08-01

232

Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2 Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis  

CERN Document Server

This research volume focuses on analyzing the web user browsing behaviour and preferences in traditional web-based environments, social  networks and web 2.0 applications,  by using advanced  techniques in data acquisition, data processing, pattern extraction and  cognitive science for modeling the human actions.  The book is directed to  graduate students, researchers/scientists and engineers  interested in updating their knowledge with the recent trends in web user analysis, for developing the next generation of web-based systems and applications.

Palade, Vasile; Jain, Lakhmi

2013-01-01

233

Large System Analysis of the Energy Consumption Distribution in Multi-User MIMO Systems with Mobility  

OpenAIRE

In this work, we consider the downlink of a single-cell multi-user MIMO system in which the base station (BS) makes use of $N$ antennas to communicate with $K$ single-antenna user equipments (UEs). The UEs move around in the cell according to a random walk mobility model. We aim at determining the energy consumption distribution when different linear precoding techniques are used at the BS to guarantee target rates within a finite time interval $T$. The analysis is conducted...

Sanguinetti, Luca; Moustakas, Aris L.; Bjornson, Emil; Debbah, Merouane

2014-01-01

234

Satistical Graphical User Interface Plug-In for Survival Analysis in R Statistical and Graphics Language and Environment  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: R is a statistical and graphics language and environment. Although it is extensively used in command line, graphical user interfaces exist to ease the accommodation with it for new users. Rcmdr is an R package providing a basic-statistics graphical user interface to R. Survival analysis interface is not provided by Rcmdr. The AIM of this paper was to create a plug-in for Rcmdr to provide survival analysis user interface for some basic R survival analysis functions.Materials and ...

Leucut?a, Daniel C.; Achimas? Cadariu, Andrei

2008-01-01

235

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

OpenAIRE

Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

236

Nuclear power plant control room crew task analysis database: SEEK system. Users manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Crew Task Analysis SEEK Users Manual was prepared for the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. It is designed for use with the existing computerized Control Room Crew Task Analysis Database. The SEEK system consists of a PR1ME computer with its associated peripherals and software augmented by General Physics Corporation SEEK database management software. The SEEK software programs provide the Crew Task Database user with rapid access to any number of records desired. The software uses English-like sentences to allow the user to construct logical sorts and outputs of the task data. Given the multiple-associative nature of the database, users can directly access the data at the plant, operating sequence, task or element level - or any combination of these levels. A complete description of the crew task data contained in the database is presented in NUREG/CR-3371, Task Analysis of Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Crews (Volumes 1 and 2)

237

AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table

238

AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table. (RWR)

1977-10-01

239

Chromosomal damage and apoptosis analysis in exfoliated oral epithelial cells from mouthwash and alcohol users  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Chromosomal damage and apoptosis were analyzed in users of mouthwash and/or alcoholic beverages, using the micronucleus test on exfoliated oral mucosa cells. Samples from four groups of 20 individuals each were analyzed: three exposed groups (EG1, EG2 and EG3) and a control group (CG). EG1 comprised [...] mouthwash users; EG2 comprised drinkers, and EG3 users of both mouthwashes and alcoholic beverages. Cell material was collected by gently scraping the insides of the cheeks. Then the cells were fixed in a methanol/acetic acid (3:1) solution and stained and counterstained, respectively, with Schiff reactive and fast green. Endpoints were computed on 2,000 cells in a blind test. Statistical analysis showed that chromosomal damage and apoptosis were significantly higher in individuals of groups EG1 and EG3 than in controls (p

Rodrigo dos Santos, Rocha; José Roberto Cardoso, Meireles; Eneida de Moraes Marcílio, Cerqueira.

2014-12-01

240

Formal Model for Data Dependency Analysis between Controls and Actions of a Graphical User Interface  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available End-user development is an emerging computer science discipline that provides programming paradigms, techniques, and tools suitable for users not trained in software engineering. One of the techniques that allow ordinary computer users to develop their own applications without the need to learn a classic programming language is a GUI-level programming based on programming-by-demonstration. To build wizard-based tools that assist users in application development and to verify the correctness of user programs, a computer-supported method for GUI-level data dependency analysis is necessary. Therefore, formal model for GUI representation is needed. In this paper, we present a finite state machine for modeling the data dependencies between GUI controls and GUI actions. Furthermore, we present an algorithm for automatic construction of finite state machine for arbitrary GUI application. We show that proposed state aggregation scheme successfully manages state explosion in state machine construction algorithm, which makes the model applicable for applications with complex GUIs.

SKVORC, D.

2012-02-01

241

Optimised access to user analysis data using the gLite DPM  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ScotGrid distributed Tier-2 now provides more that 4MSI2K and 500TB for LHC computing, which is spread across three sites at Durham, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Tier-2 sites have a dual role to play in the computing models of the LHC VOs. Firstly, their CPU resources are used for the generation of Monte Carlo event data. Secondly, the end user analysis data is distributed across the grid to the site's storage system and held on disk ready for processing by physicists' analysis jobs. In this paper we show how we have designed the ScotGrid storage and data management resources in order to optimise access by physicists to LHC data. Within ScotGrid, all sites use the gLite DPM storage manager middleware. Using the EGEE grid to submit real ATLAS analysis code to process VO data stored on the ScotGrid sites, we present an analysis of the performance of the architecture at one site, and procedures that may be undertaken to improve such. The results will be presented from the point of view of the end user (in terms of number of events processed/second) and from the point of view of the site, which wishes to minimise load and the impact that analysis activity has on other users of the system.

242

Comparative analysis of different methods of radiation diagnosis of choledocholithiasis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The comparative analysis of different methods of radiation diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, i.e. transabdominal ultrasonography, helical computed tomography, magnetic resonance and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography to optimize the indications for their use, depending on the clinical situation was performed

243

Analysis of chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei and hematological disorders among workers of wireless communication instruments and cell phone (Mobile) users  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was carried out to investigate the hazardous effect of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) such as chromosomal aberration, disturbed micronucleus formation and hematological disorders that may detected among workers of wireless communication instruments and mobile phone users. Seven individuals ( 3 males and 4 females) of a central workers in the microwave unit of the wireless station and 7 users of Mobil phone (4 males and 3 females ) were volunteered to give blood samples. Chromosomes and micronucleus were prepared for cytogenetic analysis as well as blood film for differential count. The results obtained in the microwave group indicated that, the total summation of all types of aberrations (chromosomes and chromatid aberrations) had a frequency of 6. 14% for the exposed group, whereas, the frequency in the control group amounted to 1.57%. In Mobil phone users, the total summation of all types of aberrations(chromosome and chromatid aberrations) had a frequency of 4.43% for the exposed group and 1.71% for the control group. The incidence of the total number of micronuclei in the exposed microwave group was increased 4.3 folds as compared with those of the control group The incidence of the total number of micronuclei in the exposed mobile phone group was increased 2 fold as compared with those in the control group. On the other hand, normal ranges of total white blood cells counts were determined for mobile phone users but abnormalities in the differential cos but abnormalities in the differential counts of the different types of the white blood cells such as neutropenia, eosinophilia and lymphocytosis were observed in the individuals number 1,2,3,7 in microwave group

244

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) Version 2.0 user's guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Also provided in the system is an integrated full-screen editor for use when interfacing with remote mainframe computer systems. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 2.0 and is the subject of this user's guide. Version 2.0 of IRRAS provides all of the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance. 9 refs., 292 figs., 4 tabs

245

Development of a graphical user interface for the TRAC plant/safety analysis code  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A graphical user interface (GUI) for the Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC) has been developed at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory. This X Window based GUI supports the design and analysis process, acting as a preprocessor, runtime editor, help system and post processor to TRAC-PF1/MOD2. TRAC was developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The preprocessor is an icon-based interface which allows the user to create a TRAC model. When the model is complete, the runtime editor provides the capability to execute and monitor TRAC runs on the workstation or supercomputer. After runs are made, the output processor allows the user to extract and format data from the TRAC graphics file. The TRAC GUI is currently compatible with TRAC-PF1/MOD2 V5.3 and is available with documentation from George Niederauer, Section Leader of the Software Development Section, Group TSA-8, at LANL. Users may become functional in creating, running, and interpreting results from TRAC without having to know Unix commands and the detailed format of any of the data files. This reduces model development and debug time and increases quality control. Integration with post-processing and visualization tools increases engineering effectiveness

246

GATA: a graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Several problems exist with current methods used to align DNA sequences for comparative sequence analysis. Most dynamic programming algorithms assume that conserved sequence elements are collinear. This assumption appears valid when comparing orthologous protein coding sequences. Functional constraints on proteins provide strong selective pressure against sequence inversions, and minimize sequence duplications and feature shuffling. For non-coding sequence...

Nix David A; Eisen Michael B

2005-01-01

247

Waves in microstructured materials: comparative analysis of models  

OpenAIRE

Several mathematical models describing wave propagation in microstructured materials are comparatively analysed. The basic model is taken along Mindlin (1964) and its asymptotic simplification (Engelbrecht and Pastrone, 2003). This asymptotic model describes (i) hierarchical character of wave motion; (ii) changes in wave speed; (iii) influence of dispersion. The comparative analysis of lattice models (Maugin, 1999) and models for periodic structures (Santosa and Symes, 1991)...

Engelbrecht, Juri; Pastrone, Franco; Berezovski, Arkadi

2009-01-01

248

[Regulating the internet: a comparative analysis of Brazil, Chile, Spain, the US, and France.  

Science.gov (United States)

Global governance is of key concern in the current debate over the workings of the world's computer network, and Brazil has played a notable role in this process, especially after approval of the Marco Civil da Internet (law 12.965, april 23, 2014), which defines Brazil's regulatory framework for the internet. Dubbed the internet bill of rights, this law sets out the principles, guarantees, rights, and duties of internet users and providers in Brazil. Based on the fundamental categories of net neutrality, internet users' right to privacy, and copyright discussions from the perspective of intellectual property, the article offers a comparative analysis of regulations in five countries: Brazil, Chile, Spain, the US, and France. PMID:25119248

Segurado, Rosemary; Lima, Carolina Silva Mandú de; Ameni, Cauê S

2014-08-13

249

The Constant Comparative Analysis Method Outside of Grounded Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This commentary addresses the gap in the literature regarding discussion of the legitimate use of Constant Comparative Analysis Method (CCA) outside of Grounded Theory. The purpose is to show the strength of using CCA to maintain the emic perspective and how theoretical frameworks can maintain the etic perspective throughout the analysis. My…

Fram, Sheila M.

2013-01-01

250

User's manual of VARS: a computer code system for uncertainty analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the user's manual of the computer code system VARS for the uncertainty analysis. The VARS code system calculates uncertainties in output data of a computer code caused by propagation of uncertainties in input data using a response surface method. The VARS code system consists of a group of computer codes which have the following function: determination of cases of computer run based on an orthogonal factorial design, analysis of variance, regression analysis, and Monte Carlo calculation based on the regression equation. The uncertainties in output data are obtained in terms of a probability density function and a cumulative function. (author)

251

CORCON-MOD3: An integrated computer model for analysis of molten core-concrete interactions. User`s manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The CORCON-Mod3 computer code was developed to mechanistically model the important core-concrete interaction phenomena, including those phenomena relevant to the assessment of containment failure and radionuclide release. The code can be applied to a wide range of severe accident scenarios and reactor plants. The code represents the current state of the art for simulating core debris interactions with concrete. This document comprises the user`s manual and gives a brief description of the models and the assumptions and limitations in the code. Also discussed are the input parameters and the code output. Two sample problems are also given.

Bradley, D.R.; Gardner, D.R.; Brockmann, J.E.; Griffith, R.O. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01

252

An Irish Cross-Institutional User Needs Analysis of Undergraduate Programming  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research literature and practical experience of subject experts indicate that teaching programming to novices has proven challenging for both learner and lecturer. A number of difficulties arise when teaching novices to program. These ranges from the inadequacy of the undergraduate students’ problem-solving skills, problems with understanding programming constructs, to the complexity of the environments in which the students develop their solutions. This paper outlines a project which aims to address some of the challenges faced by novice programmers by providing them with an innovative learning tool, incorporating a set of Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs, based on sound pedagogical principles and encapsulated in a Constructivist Learning Environment (CLE. The Learning Objects will focus on the common areas of weaknesses that are determined by an Irish cross-institutional User Needs Analysis. The initial research activity was to conduct a User Needs Analysis, which was carried out in the three third level academic partner institutions and which will inform and direct the remainder of the research project. The User Needs Analysis confirmed that first year undergraduate students find programming the most challenging module they study. Programming constructs such as Arrays, Looping and Selection were shown to be the most problematic in semester one, and Methods and Polymorphism posing difficulties in semester two. Interestingly the students’ actual and perceived difficulties with the concepts were not in-line, with the students perceiving their difficulties to be less than they actually were. The students acknowledge that problem-solving abilities impacted on their performance but only 20% of students in one college admitted to thinking about their approach in designing programming solutions. The results of the User Needs Analysis directs the design and development of the RLOs and the learning tool.

Eileen Mary Costelloe

2006-07-01

253

User's manual for the coupled mode version of the normal modes rotor aeroelastic analysis computer program  

Science.gov (United States)

This User's Manual was prepared to provide the engineer with the information required to run the coupled mode version of the Normal Modes Rotor Aeroelastic Analysis Computer Program. The manual provides a full set of instructions for running the program, including calculation of blade modes, calculations of variable induced velocity distribution and the calculation of the time history of the response for either a single blade or a complete rotor with an airframe (the latter with constant inflow).

Bergquist, R. R.; Carlson, R. G.; Landgrebe, A. J.; Egolf, T. A.

1974-01-01

254

Symbolic Data Analysis for the Assessment of User Satisfaction: An Application to Reading Rooms Services.  

OpenAIRE

This paper re-examines and deepens the study of a portion of the data collected within the context of a wider 2007 research project conducted in the Autonomous Region of Azores. The 2007 study aimed to understand users’ habits, attitudes and cultural practices, concerning reading and utilization of different library services, archives and museums. Based upon knowledge that only data analysis of a representative sample can supply, the study aimed to identify the aspects that should be priori...

Sousa, A?urea; Toma?s, Lici?nio Manuel Vicente; Silva, Osvaldo; Bacelar-nicolau, Helena

2013-01-01

255

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 Users’ Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users’ manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2010-10-01

256

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 Users’ Manual  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users’ manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2009-03-01

257

GEDI: a user-friendly toolbox for analysis of large-scale gene expression data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Several mathematical and statistical methods have been proposed in the last few years to analyze microarray data. Most of those methods involve complicated formulas, and software implementations that require advanced computer programming skills. Researchers from other areas may experience difficulties when they attempting to use those methods in their research. Here we present an user-friendly toolbox which allows large-scale gene expression analysis to be carried out by biomedical researchers with limited programming skills. Results Here, we introduce an user-friendly toolbox called GEDI (Gene Expression Data Interpreter, an extensible, open-source, and freely-available tool that we believe will be useful to a wide range of laboratories, and to researchers with no background in Mathematics and Computer Science, allowing them to analyze their own data by applying both classical and advanced approaches developed and recently published by Fujita et al. Conclusion GEDI is an integrated user-friendly viewer that combines the state of the art SVR, DVAR and SVAR algorithms, previously developed by us. It facilitates the application of SVR, DVAR and SVAR, further than the mathematical formulas present in the corresponding publications, and allows one to better understand the results by means of available visualizations. Both running the statistical methods and visualizing the results are carried out within the graphical user interface, rendering these algorithms accessible to the broad community of researchers in Molecular Biology.

Ferreira Carlos E

2007-11-01

258

Comparative analysis of traditional and alternative energy sources  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The presented thesis with designation of Comparing analysis of traditional and alternative energy resources includes, on basis of theoretical information source, research in firm, internal data, trends in company development and market, description of the problem and its application. Theoretical information source is dedicated to the traditional and alternative energy resources, reserves of it, trends in using and development, the balance of it in the world, EU and in Slovakia as well. Analysis of the thesis is reflecting profile of the company and the thermal pump market evaluation using General Electric method. While the company is implementing, except other products, the thermal pumps on geothermal energy base and surround energy base (air), the mission of the comparing analysis is to compare traditional energy resources with thermal pump from the ecological, utility and economic side of it. The results of the comparing analysis are resumed in to the SWOT analysis. The part of the thesis includes t he questionnaire offer for effectiveness improvement and customer satisfaction analysis, and expected possibilities of alternative energy resources assistance (benefits) from the government and EU funds. (authors)

259

Comparative Analysis of Fragment based and Exemplar based Inpainting Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Inpainting is an art of modifying the digital image in such a way that the modifications/alterations are undetectable to an observer who is unknown of the original image. Applications of this technique include restoration of damaged photographs & films, removal of superimposed text, removal/replacement of unwanted objects. After the user selects a region to be inpainted the algorithm automatically fills in these holes by data sampled from remainder of the image. In past the problem of inpainting was addressed by two classes of algorithms (i “diffusion based inpainting” and (ii “texture synthesis”. Further extensive research has undergone in this field which resulted in variety of inpainting techniques. In this paper we will compare Fragment based [2] and Exemplar based [1] inpainting techniques.

J.N.KAZI

2013-03-01

260

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (WebTRAGIS) User's Manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the early 1980s, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed two transportation routing models: HIGHWAY, which predicts truck transportation routes, and INTERLINE, which predicts rail transportation routes. Both of these models have been used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) community for a variety of routing needs over the years. One of the primary uses of the models has been to determine population-density information, which is used as input for risk assessment with the RADTRAN model, which is available on the TRANSNET computer system. During the recent years, advances in the development of geographic information systems (GISs) have resulted in increased demands from the user community for a GIS version of the ORNL routing models. In April 1994, the DOE Transportation Management Division (EM-261) held a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session with transportation routing experts and users of the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models. As a result of the session, the development of a new GIS routing model, Transportation Routing Analysis GIS (TRAGIS), was initiated. TRAGIS is a user-friendly, GIS-based transportation and analysis computer model. The older HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models are useful to calculate routes, but they cannot display a graphic of the calculated route. Consequently, many users have experienced difficulty determining the proper node for facilities and have been confused by or have misinterpreted the text-based listing from the older routing mode-based listing from the older routing models. Some of the primary reasons for the development of TRAGIS are (a) to improve the ease of selecting locations for routing, (b) to graphically display the calculated route, and (c) to provide for additional geographic analysis of the route

261

A User's Guide for the Differential Reduced Ejector/Mixer Analysis "DREA" Program. 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

A system of analytical and numerical two-dimensional mixer/ejector nozzle models that require minimal empirical input has been developed and programmed for use in conceptual and preliminary design. This report contains a user's guide describing the operation of the computer code, DREA (Differential Reduced Ejector/mixer Analysis), that contains these mathematical models. This program is currently being adopted by the Propulsion Systems Analysis Office at the NASA Glenn Research Center. A brief summary of the DREA method is provided, followed by detailed descriptions of the program input and output files. Sample cases demonstrating the application of the program are presented.

DeChant, Lawrence J.; Nadell, Shari-Beth

1999-01-01

262

IMAT (Integrated Multidisciplinary Analysis Tool) user's guide for the VAX/VMS computer  

Science.gov (United States)

The Integrated Multidisciplinary Analysis Tool (IMAT) is a computer software system for the VAX/VMS computer developed at the Langley Research Center. IMAT provides researchers and analysts with an efficient capability to analyze satellite control systems influenced by structural dynamics. Using a menu-driven executive system, IMAT leads the user through the program options. IMAT links a relational database manager to commercial and in-house structural and controls analysis codes. This paper describes the IMAT software system and how to use it.

Meissner, Frances T. (editor)

1988-01-01

263

Information Retrieval in Domain-Specific Databases: An Analysis To Improve the User Interface of the Alcohol Studies Database.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the methodology and results of the log analysis for the Alcohol Studies Database (ASDB), a domain-specific database supported by the Center of Alcohol Studies at Rutgers University Libraries. The objectives were to better understand user search behavior, to analyze failure rates, and to develop approaches for improving the user

Jantz, Ronald

2003-01-01

264

Comparative analysis of equalization methods for SC-FDMA  

OpenAIRE

In this paper we introduce comparative analysis for different types of equalization schemes, based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE) optimization. The following types of equalizers were compared: linear equalization, decision feedback equalization (DFE) and turbo equalization. Performance and complexity of these schemes were tested for Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) system with Single Input Single Output (SISO) antenna configuration. SC-FDMA is a common tech...

Dogadaev, Anton Konstantinovich; Kozlov, Alexander; Ukhanova, Ann

2010-01-01

265

A comparative proteomic analysis during urodele lens regeneration  

OpenAIRE

To examine underlying mechanisms of urodele lens regeneration we have employed a proteomic analysis of 650 proteins involved in several signaling pathways. We compared expression of these proteins between the regeneration-competent dorsal iris and the regeneration-incompetent ventral iris in the newt. After a series of screenings we selected several proteins to evaluate their expression quantitatively on immunoblots. We then used these selected proteins to compare their expression between the...

Roddy, Meagan; Fox, Timothy P.; Mcfadden, Jonathan P.; Nakamura, Kenta; Del Rio-tsonis, Katia; Tsonis, Panagiotis A.

2008-01-01

266

Evaluating experimental bias and completeness in comparative phosphoproteomics analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Unraveling the functional dynamics of phosphorylation networks is a crucial step in understanding the way in which biological networks form a living cell. Recently there has been an enormous increase in the number of measured phosphorylation events. Nevertheless, comparative and integrative analysis of phosphoproteomes is confounded by incomplete coverage and biases introduced by different experimental workflows. As a result, we cannot differentiate whether phosphosites indentified in only one or two samples are the result of condition or species specific phosphorylation, or reflect missing data. Here, we evaluate the impact of incomplete phosphoproteomics datasets on comparative analysis, and we present bioinformatics strategies to quantify the impact of different experimental workflows on measured phosphoproteomes. We show that plotting the saturation in observed phosphosites in replicates provides a reproducible picture of the extent of a particular phosphoproteome. Still, we are still far away from a complete picture of the total human phosphoproteome. The impact of different experimental techniques on the similarity between phosphoproteomes can be estimated by comparing datasets from different experimental pipelines to a common reference. Our results show that comparative analysis is most powerful when datasets have been generated using the same experimental workflow. We show this experimentally by measuring the tyrosine phosphoproteome from Caenorhabditis elegans and comparing it to the tyrosine phosphoproteome of HeLa cells, resulting in an overlap of about 4%. This overlap between very different organisms represents a three-fold increase when compared to dataset of older studies, wherein different workflows were used. The strategies we suggest enable an estimation of the impact of differences in experimental workflows on the overlap between datasets. This will allow us to perform comparative analyses not only on datasets specifically generated for this purpose, but also to extract insights through comparative analysis of the ever-increasing wealth of publically available phosphorylation data. PMID:21853102

Boekhorst, Jos; Boersema, Paul J; Tops, Bastiaan B J; van Breukelen, Bas; Heck, Albert J R; Snel, Berend

2011-01-01

267

PuffinPlot: A versatile, user-friendly program for paleomagnetic analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

PuffinPlot is a user-friendly desktop application for analysis of paleomagnetic data, offering a unique combination of features. It runs on several operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux; supports both discrete and long core data; and facilitates analysis of very weakly magnetic samples. As well as interactive graphical operation, PuffinPlot offers batch analysis for large volumes of data, and a Python scripting interface for programmatic control of its features. Available data displays include demagnetization/intensity, Zijderveld, equal-area (for sample, site, and suite level demagnetization data, and for magnetic susceptibility anisotropy data), a demagnetization data table, and a natural remanent magnetization intensity histogram. Analysis types include principal component analysis, Fisherian statistics, and great-circle path intersections. The results of calculations can be exported as CSV (comma-separated value) files; graphs can be printed, and can also be saved as publication-quality vector files in SVG or PDF format. PuffinPlot is free, and the program, user manual, and fully documented source code may be downloaded from http://code.google.com/p/puffinplot/.

Lurcock, P. C.; Wilson, G. S.

2012-06-01

268

Protein intrinsic disorder toolbox for comparative analysis of viral proteins  

OpenAIRE

Abstract To examine the usefulness of protein disorder predictions as a tool for the comparative analysis of viral proteins, a relational database has been constructed. The database includes proteins from influenza A and HIV-related viruses. Annotations include viral protein sequence, disorder prediction, structure, and function. Location of each protein within a virion, if known, is also denoted. Our analysis reveals a clear relationship between proximity to the RNA core and the pe...

Uversky Vladimir N; Keith, Dunker A.; Goh Gerard

2008-01-01

269

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL CONNECTIONS CONCEPTS 1919-1945  

OpenAIRE

The thesis entitled »A Comparative Analysis of Regional Connections Concepts 1919-1945« presents an analysis of regional integration in three regions, namely American, East Asian and European. The main focus is the period after First World War, but since everything has its beginning the period before First World War has also been analyzed. The author has noted that the cooperation or association were on the initiative of most powerful forces in regions and that the main concepts of in...

Guc?ek, Tomaz?

2011-01-01

270

THE DEVELOPMENT AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BEGINNING GUITAR METHODS  

OpenAIRE

The diploma thesis entitled The Development and Comparative Analysis of Beginning Guitar Methods deals with different elements of beginning guitar methods, which are an indispensible part of guitar lessons, in detail. The theoretical part presents the guitar teachers who influenced the development of guitar pedagogy in the world as well as in Slovenia, and whose influence is also reflected in the guitar teaching literature. The empirical part includes the analysis, comparison and interpretati...

Florjanc?ic?, Katja

2011-01-01

271

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE EU AND ROMANIA: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

OpenAIRE

The present paper has as purpose the comparative analysis of the way in which sustainable development is approached within EU and Romania. By this analysis it is aimed to identify ways and solutions for improving the future strategy of sustainable development in Romania. Most quoted definition of sustainable development is found in the Bruntland report, where sustainable development is described as „development meeting the needs of the present without compromising the capacity of future gen...

Platon, Victor; Turdeanu, Andreea

2006-01-01

272

A deterministic equivalent for the capacity analysis of correlated multi-user MIMO channels  

CERN Document Server

This paper provides the analysis of capacity expressions in multi-user and multi-cell systems when the transmitters and receivers have a large number of correlated antennas. Our main contribution mathematically translates into a deterministic equivalent of the Shannon transform of a class of large dimensional random matrices. This class of large matrices is used in this contribution to model (i) multi-antenna multiple access (MAC) and broadcast channels (BC) with transmit and receive channel correlation, (ii) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications with inter-cell interference and channel correlation both at the base stations and at the receiver. These models extend the classical results on multi-user MIMO capacities in independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) Gaussian channels to the more realistic Gaussian channels with separable variance profile. On an information theoretical viewpoint, this article provides: in scenario (i), an asymptotic description of the MAC and BC rate regions as ...

Couillet, Romain; Silverstein, Jack W

2009-01-01

273

Discovering Latent Patterns from the Analysis of User-Curated Movie Lists  

CERN Document Server

User content curation is becoming an important source of preference data, as well as providing information regarding the items being curated. One popular approach involves the creation of lists. On Twitter, these lists might contain accounts relevant to a particular topic, whereas on a community site such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), this might take the form of lists of movies sharing common characteristics. While list curation involves substantial combined effort on the part of users, researchers have rarely looked at mining the outputs of this kind of crowdsourcing activity. Here we study a large collection of movie lists from IMDb. We apply network analysis methods to a graph that reflects the degree to which pairs of movies are "co-listed", that is, assigned to the same lists. This allows us to uncover a more nuanced grouping of movies that goes beyond categorisation schemes based on attributes such as genre or director.

Greene, Derek

2013-01-01

274

TRAB: A transient analysis program for BWR. Part 2: User's manual  

Science.gov (United States)

A user manual with documentation of the structure, contents, and preparation of input, for the TRAB (Transient Analysis) code for BWR's (Boiling Water Reactors) is presented. TRAB models the phenomena in the interior of the BWR pressure vessel and in related subsystems. The code model of TRAB can be used separately for LWR (Light) modeling. For PWR (Pressurized) modeling the core model of TRAB is connected to circuit model SMABRE to form the SMATRA code. The structure of TRAB input is very flexible, featuring input groups and subgroups identified with keywords and given in any order as well as data items in free format, freely mixed with explanatory texts. The user interface of the code can be used for modeling within input; through normal input it is possible to create new submodels. These may be functional or tabulated dependencies of the code variables, different types of delays, or ordinary linear differential equations (control systems).

Raty, Hanna; Rajamaeki, Markku

1991-05-01

275

Alkahest NuclearBLAST : a user-friendly BLAST management and analysis system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background - Sequencing of EST and BAC end datasets is no longer limited to large research groups. Drops in per-base pricing have made high throughput sequencing accessible to individual investigators. However, there are few options available which provide a free and user-friendly solution to the BLAST result storage and data mining needs of biologists. Results - Here we describe NuclearBLAST, a batch BLAST analysis, storage and management system designed for the biologist. It is a wrapper for NCBI BLAST which provides a user-friendly web interface which includes a request wizard and the ability to view and mine the results. All BLAST results are stored in a MySQL database which allows for more advanced data-mining through supplied command-line utilities or direct database access. NuclearBLAST can be installed on a single machine or clustered amongst a number of machines to improve analysis throughput. NuclearBLAST provides a platform which eases data-mining of multiple BLAST results. With the supplied scripts, the program can export data into a spreadsheet-friendly format, automatically assign Gene Ontology terms to sequences and provide bi-directional best hits between two datasets. Users with SQL experience can use the database to ask even more complex questions and extract any subset of data they require. Conclusion - This tool provides a user-friendly interface for requesting, viewing and mining of BLAST results which makes the management and data-mining of large sets of BLAST analyses tractable to biologists.

Burke Mark

2005-06-01

276

GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data ( http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ? (2)-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community. PMID:22160811

Kleckner, Ian R; Foster, Mark P

2012-01-01

277

GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data (http://code.google.com/p/guardd/http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ?2-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serdesign future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community.

278

User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL3 for reactor pressure vessel (Contract research)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of the structural integrity research for aging LWR (Light Water Reactor) components, the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed in JAEA. The PASCAL code evaluates the conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) under transient conditions such as pressurized thermal shock (PTS). The continuous development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering recent developments in the fracture mechanics and computer performance. Previous version of PASCAL (PASCAL Ver.2) that was released in 2007 has many functions including the evaluation method for an embedded crack and conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a RPV, PTS transient database, inspection crack detection probability model and others. Since 2007, the PASCAL Ver. 2 has been improved mainly considering the effects of weld-overlay cladding on the inner surface of RPV. A generalized analysis method is available on the basis of the development of PASCAL Ver.3 and sensitivity analysis results. Graphical user interface (GUI) including a generalized method and some functions of probabilistic fracture mechanics have been also updated for PASCAL3. This report provides the user's manual, examples of analysis and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.3. (author)

279

A user`s manual for the program TRES4: Random vibration analysis of vertical-axis wind turbines in turbulent winds  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

TRES4 is a software package that works with the MSC/NASTRAN finite element analysis code to conduct random vibration analysis of vertical-axis wind turbines. The loads on the turbine are calculated in the time domain to retain the nonlinearities of stalled aerodynamic loadings. The loads are transformed into modal coordinates to reduce the number of degrees of freedom. Power spectra and cross spectra of the loads are calculated in the modal coordinate system. These loads are written in NASTRAN Bulk Data format to be read and applied in a random vibration analysis by NASTRAN. The resulting response is then transformed back to physical coordinates to facilitate user interpretation.

NONE

1994-03-01

280

Optimised access to user analysis data using the gLite DPM  

CERN Document Server

The ScotGrid distributed Tier-2 now provides more that 4MSI2K and 500TB for LHC computing, which is spread across three sites at Durham, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Tier-2 sites have a dual role to play in the computing models of the LHC VOs. Firstly, their CPU resources are used for the generation of Monte Carlo event data. Secondly, the end user analysis data is distributed across the grid to the site's storage system and held on disk ready for processing by physicists' analysis jobs. In this paper we show how we have designed the ScotGrid storage and data management resources in order to optimise access by physicists to LHC data. Within ScotGrid, all sites use the gLite DPM storage manager middleware. Using the EGEE grid to submit real ATLAS analysis code to process VO data stored on the ScotGrid sites, we present an analysis of the performance of the architecture at one site, and procedures that may be undertaken to improve such. The results will be presented from the point of view of the end user (in terms of...

Skipsey, Sam; Kenyon, Mike; Purdie, Stuart; Stewart, Graeme

2009-01-01

281

A Comparative Analysis of Three Unique Theories of Organizational Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to present three classical theories on organizational learning and conduct a comparative analysis that highlights their strengths, similarities, and differences. Two of the theories -- experiential learning theory and adaptive -- generative learning theory -- represent the thinking of the cognitive perspective, while…

Leavitt, Carol C.

2011-01-01

282

Comparative analysis of dispersive histograms in gamma background measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The presented dispersive histograms are based on the measurements carried out in station for non stop radiation gamma background measurements at National Center of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection; at Kurtovo resort and Shabla. The given histograms of slipping average and their analysis allow to made comparative assessment of the various equipment and of the measured values

283

Initial Implementation of a comparative Data Analysis Ontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Comparative analysis is used throughout biology. When entities under comparison (e.g. proteins, genomes, species are related by descent, evolutionary theory provides a framework that, in principle, allows N-ary comparisons of entities, while controlling for non-independence due to relatedness. Powerful software tools exist for specialized applications of this approach, yet it remains under-utilized in the absence of a unifying informatics infrastructure. A key step in developing such an infrastructure is the definition of a formal ontology. The analysis of use cases and existing formalisms suggests that a significant component of evolutionary analysis involves a core problem of inferring a character history, relying on key concepts: “Operational Taxonomic Units” (OTUs, representing the entities to be compared; “character-state data” representing the observations compared among OTUs; “phylogenetic tree”, representing the historical path of evolution among the entities; and “transitions”, the inferred evolutionary changes in states of characters that account for observations. Using the Web Ontology Language (OWL, we have defined these and other fundamental concepts in a Comparative Data Analysis Ontology (CDAO. CDAO has been evaluated for its ability to represent token data sets and to support simple forms of reasoning. With further development, CDAO will provide a basis for tools (for semantic transformation, data retrieval, validation, integration, etc. that make it easier for software developers and biomedical researchers to apply evolutionary methods of inference to diverse types of data, so as to integrate this powerful framework for reasoning into their research.

Francisco Prosdocimi

2009-01-01

284

Recent national trends in Salvia divinorum use and substance-use disorders among recent and former Salvia divinorum users compared with nonusers  

Science.gov (United States)

Context Media and scientific reports have indicated an increase in recreational use of Salvia divinorum. Epidemiological data are lacking on the trends, prevalence, and correlates of S. divinorum use in large representative samples, as well as the extent of substance use and mental health problems among S. divinorum users. Objective To examine the national trend in prevalence of S. divinorum use and to identify sociodemographic, behavioral, mental health, and substance-use profiles of recent (past-year) and former users of S. divinorum. Design Analyses of public-use data files from the 2006–2008 United States National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N = 166,453). Setting Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 12 years or older were interviewed in their places of residence. Main measures Substance use, S. divinorum, self-reported substance use disorders, criminality, depression, and mental health treatment were assessed by standardized survey questions administered by the audio computer-assisted self-interviewing method. Results Among survey respondents, lifetime prevalence of S. divinorum use had increased from 0.7% in 2006 to 1.3% in 2008 (an 83% increase). S. divinorum use was associated with ages 18–25 years, male gender, white or multiple race, residence of large metropolitan areas, arrests for criminal activities, and depression. S. divinorum use was particularly common among recent drug users, including users of lysergic acid diethylamide (53.7%), ecstasy (30.1%), heroin (24.2%), phencyclidine (22.4%), and cocaine (17.5%). Adjusted multinomial logistic analyses indicated polydrug use as the strongest determinant for recent and former S. divinorum use. An estimated 43.0% of past-year S. divinorum users and 28.9% of former S. divinorum users had an illicit or nonmedical drug-use disorder compared with 2.5% of nonusers. Adjusted logistic regression analyses showed that recent and former S. divinorum users had greater odds of having past-year depression and a substance-use disorder (alcohol or drugs) than past-year alcohol or drug users who did not use S. divinorum. Conclusion S. divinorum use is prevalent among recent or active drug users who have used other hallucinogens or stimulants. The high prevalence of substance use disorders among recent S. divinorum users emphasizes the need to study health risks of drug interactions. PMID:21709724

Wu, Li-Tzy; Woody, George E; Yang, Chongming; Li, Jih-Heng; Blazer, Dan G

2011-01-01

285

User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL Ver.2 for reactor pressure vessel (Contract research)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of the aging structural integrity research for LWR components, the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed in JAEA. This code evaluates the conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) under transient conditions such as pressurized thermal shock (PTS). The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the recent development in the fracture mechanics and computer performance. PASCAL Ver.1 has functions of optimized sampling in the stratified Monte Carlo simulation, elastic-plastic fracture criterion of the R6 method, crack growth analysis models for a semi-elliptical crack, recovery of fracture toughness due to thermal annealing and so on. Since then, under the contract between the Ministry of Economy, Trading and Industry of Japan and JAEA, we have continued to develop and introduce new functions into PASCAL Ver.2 such as the evaluation method for an embedded crack, KI database for a semi-elliptical crack considering stress discontinuity at the base/cladding interface, PTS transient database, and others. A generalized analysis method is proposed on the basis of the development of PASCAL Ver.2 and results of sensitivity analyses. Graphical user interface (GUI) including a generalized method as default values has been also developed for PASCAL Ver.2. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.2. (author)

286

User's manual of a support system for human reliability analysis. JASPAHR Version 1.5  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many kind of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, analysts are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer based support system JASPAHR for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system supports HRAs with two different types of method, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability data were collected and a database of them is provided to link with the support system. JASPAHR was improved such as the introduction of the INTENT method for misdiagnosis evaluation and the improvement of user interface. The report is a user's manual for modified JASPAHR (Ver. 1.5). (author)

287

Methods to Recruit Hard-to-Reach Groups: Comparing Two Chain Referral Sampling Methods of Recruiting Injecting Drug Users Across Nine Studies in Russia and Estonia  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence suggests rapid diffusion of injecting drug use and associated outbreaks of HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the Russian Federation and Eastern Europe. There remains a need for research among non-treatment and community-recruited samples of IDUs to better estimate the dynamics of HIV transmission and to improve treatment and health services access. We compare two sampling methodologies “respondent-driven sampling” (RDS) and chain referral sampling using “indigenous field workers” (IFS) to investigate the relative effectiveness of RDS to reach more marginal and hard-to-reach groups and perhaps to include those with the riskiest behaviour around HIV transmission. We evaluate the relative efficiency of RDS to recruit a lower cost sample in comparison to IFS. We also provide a theoretical comparison of the two approaches. We draw upon nine community-recruited surveys of IDUs undertaken in the Russian Federation and Estonia between 2001 and 2005 that used either IFS or RDS. Sampling effects on the demographic composition and injecting risk behaviours of the samples generated are compared using multivariate analysis. Our findings suggest that RDS does not appear to recruit more marginalised sections of the IDU community nor those engaging in riskier injecting behaviours in comparison with IFS. RDS appears to have practical advantages over IFS in the implementation of fieldwork in terms of greater recruitment efficiency and safety of field workers, but at a greater cost. Further research is needed to assess how the practicalities of implementing RDS in the field compromises the requirements mandated by the theoretical guidelines of RDS for adjusting the sample estimates to obtain estimates of the wider IDU population. PMID:17096189

Wall, Martin; Rhodes, Tim; Judd, Ali; Hickman, Matthew; Johnston, Lisa G.; Renton, Adrian; Bobrova, Natalia; Sarang, Anya

2006-01-01

288

Effective Analysis on Remote to User (R2L Attacks Using Random Forest Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper focus on analysis of Remote to User attack using random forest algorithm. The R2L attack occurs when the attacker tries to send packets to a machine over a network who have no account on it. The R2L attack leads to vulnerability issues to access secured information from the machine. In intrusion detection system the R2L attacks plays a vital role in accessing unauthorized information and it affects security issues more effectively. This paper proposed a new concept of analyzing individual attacks of R2L using efficient machine learning random forest algorithm which shows high efficiency.

S. Revathi*1

2014-05-01

289

User's guide for the PWR LOCA analysis capability of the WRAP-EM system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Water Reactor Analysis Package (WRAP) has been expanded to provide the capability to analyze loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) in both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) by using evaluation models (EMs). The input specifications for modules in the WRAP-EM system are presented in this document along with the JOSHUA input templates. This document, along with the WRAP user's guide, provides a step-by-step procedure for setting up a PWR data base for the WRAP-EM system. 12 refs.

Beranek, F; Gregory, M V

1980-02-01

290

ATLAS, an integrated structural analysis and design system. Volume 3: User's manual, input and execution data  

Science.gov (United States)

The input data and execution control statements for the ATLAS integrated structural analysis and design system are described. It is operational on the Control Data Corporation (CDC) 6600/CYBER computers in a batch mode or in a time-shared mode via interactive graphic or text terminals. ATLAS is a modular system of computer codes with common executive and data base management components. The system provides an extensive set of general-purpose technical programs with analytical capabilities including stiffness, stress, loads, mass, substructuring, strength design, unsteady aerodynamics, vibration, and flutter analyses. The sequence and mode of execution of selected program modules are controlled via a common user-oriented language.

Dreisbach, R. L. (editor)

1979-01-01

291

COMPARATIVE STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF BER OF CDMA FOR DIFFERENT MODULATION SCHEME  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the increasing demand in wireless communication, it has become necessary to give better and efficient service to users by using better technique. This paper propose and analyse the bit error rate of CDMA, for different modulation schemes such as BPSK, QPSK and QAM. By Choosing a reliable modulation scheme and better filtration Technique the enhancement of the performance can be obtained in transmitter and receiver of CDMA system. Simulated result is shown to analyse and compare the performance of these systems by using additive white Gaussian noise channel (AWGN.Finally the different modulation schemes is compared on the basis of BER and best modulation scheme is determined.  From analysis of three modulation techniques, the system could use more appropriate modulation technique to suit the channel quality, thus we can deliver the optimum and efficient data rate to mobile terminal.

Arun Kumar

2014-03-01

292

Innovation Process Barriers in Public Sector: a Comparative Analysis in Lithuania and the European Union  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Innovation design and implementation becomes one of the essential conditions for the modernization of publicgovernance, but innovation process in public sector is a quite risky and the success is not always guaranteed, so itis important to identify and to prevent innovation barriers. Public sector organizations’ abilities to identify theinnovation barriers and to develop their management instruments, determine the quality and efficiency ofinnovation processes. The most frequently mentioned barriers to public sector innovations are a lack of foundingand human resources, regulatory requirements, a lack of management support and incentives for staff, an uncertainacceptance by users, a risk-averse culture and a staff resistance. The article focuses on the classification of publicsector innovation problems and barriers. The authors, using meta-analysis method, attempt to model interferencesof internal and external barriers to innovation. By a content analysis of secondary data, authors try to finddifferences, similarities and to compare innovation barriers in Lithuania and other countries of the EuropeanUnion.

Alvydas Raipa

2014-09-01

293

Factors Affecting Collective Action for Forest Fire Management: A Comparative Study of Community Forest User Groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal  

Science.gov (United States)

The attributes of social ecological systems affect the management of commons. Strengthening and enhancing social capital and the enforcement of rules and sanctions aid in the collective action of communities in forest fire management. Using a set of variables drawn from previous studies on the management of commons, we conducted a study across 20 community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal, by dividing the groups into two categories based on the type and level of their forest fire management response. Our study shows that the collective action in forest fire management is consistent with the collective actions in other community development activities. However, the effectiveness of collective action is primarily dependent on the complex interaction of various variables. We found that strong social capital, strong enforcement of rules and sanctions, and users' participation in crafting the rules were the major variables that strengthen collective action in forest fire management. Conversely, users' dependency on a daily wage and a lack of transparency were the variables that weaken collective action. In fire-prone forests such as the Siwalik, our results indicate that strengthening social capital and forming and enforcing forest fire management rules are important variables that encourage people to engage in collective action in fire management.

Sapkota, Lok Mani; Shrestha, Rajendra Prasad; Jourdain, Damien; Shivakoti, Ganesh P.

2015-01-01

294

Factors affecting collective action for forest fire management: a comparative study of community forest user groups in central siwalik, Nepal.  

Science.gov (United States)

The attributes of social ecological systems affect the management of commons. Strengthening and enhancing social capital and the enforcement of rules and sanctions aid in the collective action of communities in forest fire management. Using a set of variables drawn from previous studies on the management of commons, we conducted a study across 20 community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal, by dividing the groups into two categories based on the type and level of their forest fire management response. Our study shows that the collective action in forest fire management is consistent with the collective actions in other community development activities. However, the effectiveness of collective action is primarily dependent on the complex interaction of various variables. We found that strong social capital, strong enforcement of rules and sanctions, and users' participation in crafting the rules were the major variables that strengthen collective action in forest fire management. Conversely, users' dependency on a daily wage and a lack of transparency were the variables that weaken collective action. In fire-prone forests such as the Siwalik, our results indicate that strengthening social capital and forming and enforcing forest fire management rules are important variables that encourage people to engage in collective action in fire management. PMID:25413128

Sapkota, Lok Mani; Shrestha, Rajendra Prasad; Jourdain, Damien; Shivakoti, Ganesh P

2015-01-01

295

User Decisions in a (Partly) Digital World : Comparing Digital Piracy to Legal Alternatives for Film and Music  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Technologies enabling digital piracy have expanded the variety of options available to users when deciding how to access a product. As a result, access-mode decisions for film and music are broader than for other goods where the piracy option is not as prevalent. This paper presents a model of access-mode decisions for film and music which integrates elements of previous digital piracy models and expands upon them to reflect the decision’s complexity. We depict the access-mode decision as being influenced by the user’s product desire, price perceptions, perceived risks, internal regulators of behaviour, resources and legal availability. We test the model for film and music using causal data of access-mode decisions collected from students at two Danish universities. Our findings indicate that the economic considerations of price perception and legal availability are the most consistent factors in influencing the access-mode decision across different legal options. The paper concludes with an outline for future research.

Veitch, Rob; Constantiou, Ioanna

2012-01-01

296

A comparative runtime analysis of heuristic algorithms for satisfiability problems.  

Science.gov (United States)

The satisfiability problem is a basic core NP-complete problem. In recent years, a lot of heuristic algorithms have been developed to solve this problem, and many experiments have evaluated and compared the performance of different heuristic algorithms. However, rigorous theoretical analysis and comparison are rare. This paper analyzes and compares the expected runtime of three basic heuristic algorithms: RandomWalk, (1+1) EA, and hybrid algorithm. The runtime analysis of these heuristic algorithms on two 2-SAT instances shows that the expected runtime of these heuristic algorithms can be exponential time or polynomial time. Furthermore, these heuristic algorithms have their own advantages and disadvantages in solving different SAT instances. It also demonstrates that the expected runtime upper bound of RandomWalk on arbitrary k-SAT(k >/= 3) is O((k - 1)(n)), and presents a k-SAT instance that has Theta((k - 1)(n)) expected runtime bound. PMID:20126510

Zhou, Yuren; He, Jun; Nie, Qing

2009-02-01

297

Reactor neutron activation analysis by single comparator method: Ko measurements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron activation analysis using single comparator has been adapted for multi element analysis in different matrices. Gold was used as comparator. High resolution gamma ray spectrometry was used for measuring radioactivity. Ko factors for fifteen isotopes were measured using this method. Ko values for 111 radioisotopes for the elements from fluorine to uranium were also calculated using latest nuclear data. Good agreement between the experimental and calculated Ko values was obtained. Ratio of the sub-cadmium to epi-cadmium neutron flux which is an important input parameter was measured in different irradiation positions of Apsara reactor. Using this method, macro and micro concentrations of analytes in a geological standard (USGS-W-1) and a few gem samples were determined. (author). 28 refs., 5 tabs., 1 appendix

298

Comparative analysis of radionuclide inventory in sediment 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to test the reliability of methods used in environmental monitoring for radioactive substances, the Bundesanstalt fuer Gewaesserkunde in 1995 again carried out a comparative analysis ''Radionuclides in sediment'' with correspondingly labelled or conditioned samples. The primary aim of this project - independently of the method used in each instance and the measuring conditions observed - was to establish the extent to which the measuring results of the individual participants deviate from specified supposed values or likeliest contents, and also to valuate these deviations by means of illustrative quality parameters. In so far the aim of this comparative analysis differs from that of a so-called inter-laboratory experiment, where the primary objective is to obtain characteristic data for an analytical method (orig./SR)

299

ClimatePipes: User-Friendly Data Access, Manipulation, Analysis & Visualization of Community Climate Models  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of climate change will resonate through a broad range of fields including public health, infrastructure, water resources, and many others. Long-term coordinated planning, funding, and action are required for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Unfortunately, widespread use of climate data (simulated and observed) in non-climate science communities is impeded by factors such as large data size, lack of adequate metadata, poor documentation, and lack of sufficient computational and visualization resources. We present ClimatePipes to address many of these challenges by creating an open source platform that provides state-of-the-art, user-friendly data access, analysis, and visualization for climate and other relevant geospatial datasets, making the climate data available to non-researchers, decision-makers, and other stakeholders. The overarching goals of ClimatePipes are: - Enable users to explore real-world questions related to climate change. - Provide tools for data access, analysis, and visualization. - Facilitate collaboration by enabling users to share datasets, workflows, and visualization. ClimatePipes uses a web-based application platform for its widespread support on mainstream operating systems, ease-of-use, and inherent collaboration support. The front-end of ClimatePipes uses HTML5 (WebGL, Canvas2D, CSS3) to deliver state-of-the-art visualization and to provide a best-in-class user experience. The back-end of the ClimatePipes is built around Python using the Visualization Toolkit (VTK, http://vtk.org), Climate Data Analysis Tools (CDAT, http://uv-cdat.llnl.gov), and other climate and geospatial data processing tools such as GDAL and PROJ4. ClimatePipes web-interface to query and access data from remote sources (such as ESGF). Shown in the figure is climate data layer from ESGF on top of map data layer from OpenStreetMap. The ClimatePipes workflow editor provides flexibility and fine grained control, and uses the VisTrails (http://www.vistrails.org) workflow engine in the backend.

Chaudhary, A.; DeMarle, D.; Burnett, B.; Harris, C.; Silva, W.; Osmari, D.; Geveci, B.; Silva, C.; Doutriaux, C.; Williams, D. N.

2013-12-01

300

Strategic planning effectiveness comparative analysis of the Macedonian context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Strategic planning is an important element in the organizational success and the key to effectiveness and overall competitiveness of the organizations. Strategic planning practice and effectiveness has been the subject of much academic debate in the Western context, but little empirical research and comparative analysis exists on this subject in emerging and developing countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between strategic planning and the organizational effectiveness with the examination of a wider list of strategic planning dimensions and different approaches and measures to assess the strategic planning effectiveness in the case of the Republic of Macedonia, as well as to conduct comparative analysis of the strategic planning effectiveness in different emerging and developing countries. After the initial processing of the total number of received questionnaires, 113 questionnaires proceeded to the next phase of processing, as companies were found to be strategic planners. Two regression models were performed, enclosed with necessary tests, as well as in order to achieve unidimensionality, factor analysis was performed for all stated items for each of the investigated variables. The empirical analysis conducted in Macedonian companies shows that strategic planning can generally contribute to organizational effectiveness. A significant correlation between different strategic planning dimensions and the strategic planning effectiveness was found in the relationship between the formality of strategic planning, the management participation in strategic planning and the employee participation in strategic planning. The comparative analysis conducted in this study with the purpose of comparing the case of Republic of Macedonia with the studies in the other emerging and developing counties, and indicating the probable reasons for potential differences in strategic planning effectiveness in different counties, refers to useful knowledge conclusions. The originality and the value of the study for the literature and theoretical knowledge lies in the attempt for the strategic planning effectiveness to be investigated for first time on the ground of many emerging and developing counties from the regions of Eastern, Central and especially South-Eastern Europe, as well as for a comparative analysis to be conducted with several non-European emerging and developing counties, with useful conclusions about the strategic planning and its relationship with organizational effectiveness Practical implications refer to setting up the different dimensions of the strategic planning practice in a way that will enhance the strategic planning effectiveness and give useful suggestions to managers by focusing their efforts on the effective strategic planning practice. Considering that this study has been conducted in the Republic of Macedonia and that the strategic planning practice can be subject to some contingencies i.e. some cultural and institutional environment influences, much can be done in future research in this direction.

Bobek Šuklev

2012-01-01

301

The comparative cost-efficacy analysis of various antihypertensive therapies  

OpenAIRE

Aim. To perform the comparative cost-efficacy analysis of various antihypertensive therapies in hypertensives patients.Material and methods. 140 hypertensive patients with history of ineffective antihypertensive therapy were randomized in to 4 groups, 35 patients in each one. Patients of Group A received indapamide retard plus perindopril; group B - indapamide retard plus amlodipine; group C - amlodipine plus lisinopril; group D - amlodipine plus bisoprolol. The Russian version of general que...

Malchikova, S. V.; Tarlovskaya, E. I.

2009-01-01

302

Comparative analysis of the performance of MIMO techniques  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a comparative analysis of three Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques. It is observed that the spatial MIMO technique slightly out-performs both the polarisation and joint spatial and polarisation MIMO Systems. But, owing to the fact that the orthogonal polarisation MIMO antennas are co-located, the resulting compact set makes the polarisation MIMO technique attractive for future designs of high-speed high-capacity mobile communications systems. © 2004 IEEE.

Mtumbuka, Mc; Edwards, Dj

2004-01-01

303

Comparative analysis of Sierra de Gádor endemic flora  

OpenAIRE

Comparative analysis of Sierra de Gádor endemic flora. The Gádor Sierra flora, its isolation levels and its relations with the sorrounding areas are analized in this work; moreover the corological importance of some taxons and an estimation of how their presence is threatened are highlighted. With this purpose those taxons included in the General Catalogue of Species of Recommended Protection in Andalucia present in the Gádor Sierra and adjacent corological units have been used developin...

Go?mez Mercado, Francisco; Gime?nez Luque, Esther

1998-01-01

304

Comparative analysis of some brushless motors based on catalog data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Brushless motors (polyphased AC induction, synchronous and brushless DC motors have no alternatives in modern electric drives. They possess highly efficient and very wide range of speeds. The objective of this paper is to represent some relation between the basic parameters and magnitudes of electrical machines. This allows to be made a comparative analysis and a choice of motor concerning each particular case based not only on catalogue data or price for sale.

Anton Kalapish

2005-10-01

305

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

306

LISA package user guide. Part III: SPOP (Statistical POst Processor). Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis for model output. Program description and user guide  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This manual is subdivided into three parts. In the third part, the SPOP (Statistical POst Processor) code is described as a tool to perform Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses on the output of a User implemented model. It has been developed at the joint Research Centre of Ispra as part of the LISA package. SPOP performs Sensitivity Analysis (SA) and Uncertainty Analysis (UA) on a sample output from a Monte Carlo simulation. The sample is generated by the User and contains values of the output variable (in the form of a time series) and values of the input variables for a set of different simulations (runs), which are realised by varying the model input parameters. The User may generate the Monte Carlo sample with the PREP pre-processor, another module of the LISA package. The SPOP code is completely written in FORTRAN 77 using structured programming. Among the tasks performed by the code are the computation of Tchebycheff and Kolmogorov confidence bounds on the output variable (UA), and the use of effective non-parametric statistics to rank the influence of model input parameters (SA). The statistics employed are described in the present manual. 19 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs. Note: This PART III is a revised version of the previous EUR report N.12700EN (1990)

307

ANALYSIS OF INTERNET TRAFFIC IN EDUCATIONAL NETWORK BASED ON USERS’ PREFERENCES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The demand for Internet services and network resources in Educational networks are increasing rapidly. Specifically, the revolution of web 2.0 “also referred to as the Read-Write Web” has changed the way of information exchange and distribution. Although web 2.0 has gained attraction in all sectors of the education industry, but it results in high-traffic loads on networks which often leads to the Internet users’ dissatisfaction. Therefore, analyzing Internet traffic becomes an urgent need to provide high-quality service, monitoring bandwidth usage. In this study, we focus on analyzing the Internet traffic in Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM main campus. We performed measurement analysis form the application level characteristics based on users’ preferences. A total of three methodological steps are carried out to meet the objective of this study namely data collection, data analysis and data presentation. The finding shows that social networks are the most web applications visited in UUM. These findings lead to facilitate the enhancement of Educational network performance and Internet bandwidth strategies.

Mustafa M.H. Ibrahim

2014-01-01

308

Commenting on health: a framing analysis of user comments in response to health articles online.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health officials have continually urged journalists and other members of the news media to ease off health frames that focus on individuals and to instead promote broader societal frames. Although some scholarly research has reinforced these pleas, none has examined the interplay between frames of health news coverage and resulting public comments. The current online environment invites such an analysis, allowing news organizations to post articles online and the public to comment on those articles. Using a content analysis, this study reveals thematic frames in online health stories may drive down gain-oriented responses, while episodic frames may prompt the public to share more personal comments. Furthermore, the findings examine other textual factors--gain and loss frames and mobilizing information--that may be driving the volume and frames of user comments to health stories online. PMID:24446785

Holton, Avery; Lee, Nayeon; Coleman, Renita

2014-01-01

309

GATA: a graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Several problems exist with current methods used to align DNA sequences for comparative sequence analysis. Most dynamic programming algorithms assume that conserved sequence elements are collinear. This assumption appears valid when comparing orthologous protein coding sequences. Functional constraints on proteins provide strong selective pressure against sequence inversions, and minimize sequence duplications and feature shuffling. For non-coding sequences this collinearity assumption is often invalid. For example, enhancers contain clusters of transcription factor binding sites that change in number, orientation, and spacing during evolution yet the enhancer retains its activity. Dot plot analysis is often used to estimate non-coding sequence relatedness. Yet dot plots do not actually align sequences and thus cannot account well for base insertions or deletions. Moreover, they lack an adequate statistical framework for comparing sequence relatedness and are limited to pairwise comparisons. Lastly, dot plots and dynamic programming text outputs fail to provide an intuitive means for visualizing DNA alignments. Results To address some of these issues, we created a stand alone, platform independent, graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis (GATA http://gata.sourceforge.net/. GATA uses the NCBI-BLASTN program and extensive post-processing to identify all small sub-alignments above a low cut-off score. These are graphed as two shaded boxes, one for each sequence, connected by a line using the coordinate system of their parent sequence. Shading and colour are used to indicate score and orientation. A variety of options exist for querying, modifying and retrieving conserved sequence elements. Extensive gene annotation can be added to both sequences using a standardized General Feature Format (GFF file. Conclusions GATA uses the NCBI-BLASTN program in conjunction with post-processing to exhaustively align two DNA sequences. It provides researchers with a fine-grained alignment and visualization tool aptly suited for non-coding, 0–200 kb, pairwise, sequence analysis. It functions independent of sequence feature ordering or orientation, and readily visualizes both large and small sequence inversions, duplications, and segment shuffling. Since the alignment is visual and does not contain gaps, gene annotation can be added to both sequences to create a thoroughly descriptive picture of DNA conservation that is well suited for comparative sequence analysis.

Nix David A

2005-01-01

310

A comparative analysis of the Global Land Cover 2000 and MODIS land cover data sets  

Science.gov (United States)

Accurate and up-to-date global land cover data sets are necessary for various global change research studies including climate change, biodiversity conservation, ecosystem assessment, and environmental modeling. In recent years, substantial advancement has been achieved in generating such data products. Yet, we are far from producing geospatially consistent high-quality data at an operational level. We compared the recently available Global Land Cover 2000 (GLC-2000) and MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) global land cover data to evaluate the similarities and differences in methodologies and results, and to identify areas of spatial agreement and disagreement. These two global land cover data sets were prepared using different data sources, classification systems, and methodologies, but using the same spatial resolution (i.e., 1 km) satellite data. Our analysis shows a general agreement at the class aggregate level except for savannas/shrublands, and wetlands. The disagreement, however, increases when comparing detailed land cover classes. Similarly, percent agreement between the two data sets was found to be highly variable among biomes. The identified areas of spatial agreement and disagreement will be useful for both data producers and users. Data producers may use the areas of spatial agreement for training area selection and pay special attention to areas of disagreement for further improvement in future land cover characterization and mapping. Users can conveniently use the findings in the areas of agreement, whereas users might need to verify the informaiton in the areas of disagreement with the help of secondary information. Learning from past experience and building on the existing infrastructure (e.g., regional networks), further research is necessary to (1) reduce ambiguity in land cover definitions, (2) increase availability of improved spatial, spectral, radiometric, and geometric resolution satellite data, and (3) develop advanced classification algorithms. ?? 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Giri, C.; Zhu, Z.; Reed, B.

2005-01-01

311

Modeling and Analysis of User-Defined-Constant-Switching Frequency DSTATCOM for Three Phase Four Wire Distribution System  

OpenAIRE

This paper deals with modeling and analysis of User Defined Constant Switching (UDCS) frequency current-controlled based four-leg DSTATCOM. The first three-phase legs are operated in hysteresis current tracking mode, and the neutral is operated by fixed switching square pulses of desired frequency. Consequently, the first three legs get tuned to the fourth leg’s user defined frequency. Analytical expressions arederived to specify the range of frequency at which the scheme functions effectiv...

S Suresh, Dr Devarajan

2012-01-01

312

Single and Multiple Hand Gesture Recognition Systems: A Comparative Analysis  

OpenAIRE

With the evolution of higher computing speed, efficient communication technologies, and advanced display techniques the legacy HCI techniques become obsolete and are no more helpful in accurate and fast flow of information in present day computing devices. Hence the need of user friendly human machine interfaces for real time interfaces for human computer interaction have to be designed and developed to make the man machine interaction more intuitive and user friendly. The vision based hand ...

Siddharth Rautaray; Manjusha Pandey

2014-01-01

313

Sequence and comparative analysis of Leuconostoc dairy bacteriophages  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Bacteriophages attacking Leuconostoc species may significantly influence the quality of the final product. There is however limited knowledge of this group of phages in the literature. We have determined the complete genome sequences of nine Leuconostoc bacteriophages virulent to either Leuconostoc mesenteroides or Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides strains. The phages have dsDNA genomes with sizes ranging from 25.7 to 28.4kb. Comparative genomics analysis helped classify the 9 phages into two classes, which correlates with the host species. High percentage of similarity within the classes on both nucleotide and protein levels was observed. Genome comparison also revealed very high conservation of the overall genomic organization between the classes. The genes were organized in functional modules responsible for replication, packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis and regulation and modification, respectively. No lysogeny modules were detected. To our knowledge this report provides the first comparative genomic work done on Leuconostoc dairy phages.

Kot, Witold; Hansen, Lars Henrik

2014-01-01

314

Comparative and functional analysis of cardiovascular-related genes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The ability to detect putative cis-regulatory elements in cardiovascular-related genes has been accelerated by the availability of genomic sequence data from numerous vertebrate species and the recent development of comparative genomic tools. This improvement is anticipated to lead to a better understanding of the complex regulatory architecture of cardiovascular (CV) genes and how genetic variants in these non-coding regions can potentially play a role in cardiovascular disease. This manuscript reviews a recently established database dedicated to the comparative sequence analysis of 250 human CV genes of known importance, 37 of which currently contain sequence comparison data for organisms beyond those of human, mouse and rat. These data have provided a glimpse into the variety of possible insights from deep vertebrate sequence comparisons and the identification of putative gene regulatory elements.

Cheng, Jan-Fang; Pennacchio, Len A.

2003-09-01

315

Toehold Purchase Problem: A comparative analysis of two strategies  

CERN Document Server

Toehold purchase, defined here as purchase of one share in a firm by an investor preparing a tender offer to acquire majority of shares in it, reduces by one the number of shares this investor needs for majority. In the paper we construct mathematical models for the toehold and no-toehold strategies and compare the expected profits of the investor and the probabilities of takeover the firm in both strategies. It turns out that the expected profits of the investor in both strategies coincide. On the other hand, the probability of takeover the firm using the toehold strategy is considerably higher comparing to the no-toehold strategy. In the analysis of the models we apply the apparatus of incomplete Beta functions and some refined bounds for central binomial coefficients.

Banakh, Taras

2012-01-01

316

Advanced analysis system and user interface for gyrokinetic simulations of microturbulence  

Science.gov (United States)

Fully-global, 5D gyrokinetic simulations of turbulent transport in tokamak devices generate a large amount of time-dependant data that contain a wealth of information about waves, particles, and their self-consistent interactions. To explore these data in spectral space, in both wave numbers and frequencies, the information needs to be written out and analyzed in a post-process stage. This work describes the development of a MATLAB-based system for the extensive analysis of gyrokinetic simulation data, with particular application to the Gyrokinetic Tokamak Simulation code (GTS), which is being used for studying experimental discharges from NSTX, DIIID, and C-MOD. Parallel FORTRAN and C routines are used in some cases to read in the large amount of data and carry out the first stage of post-processing. Advanced MATLAB functions are then used for calculating statistical quantities, correlations, etc. A graphical user interface enhances the user experience and provides advanced plotting capabilities. Examples of microturbulence data analyses are given and discussed.

Lestz, Jeff; Shahidain, Sadik; Ethier, Stephane; Wang, Weixing

2012-10-01

317

A graphical user interface for real-time analysis of XPCS using HPC  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

With the development of third generation synchrotron radiation sources, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for characterizing equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics in complex materials at nanometer length scales over a wide range of time-scales (0.001-1000 s). Moreover, the development of powerful new direct detection CCD cameras has allowed investigation of faster dynamical processes. A consequence of these technical improvements is the need to reduce a very large amount of area detector data within a short time. This problem can be solved by utilizing a large number of processors (32-64) in the cluster architecture to improve the efficiency of the calculations by 1-2 orders of magnitude (Tieman et al., this issue). However, to make such a data analysis system operational, powerful and user-friendly control software needs to be developed. As a part of the effort to maintain a high data acquisition and reduction rate, we have developed a Matlab-based software that acts as an interface between the user and the high performance computing (HPC) cluster.

Sikorski, M., E-mail: sikorski@aps.anl.gov [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Jiang, Z. [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Sprung, M. [HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestr. 85, D 22-607 Hamburg (Germany); Narayanan, S.; Sandy, A.R.; Tieman, B. [Argonne National Laboratory, Advanced Photon Source, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2011-09-01

318

Exploratory Search on Twitter Utilizing User Feedback and Multi-Perspective Microblog Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, besides typical information retrieval, a broader concept of information exploration – exploratory search - is emerging into the foreground. In addition, more and more valuable information is presented in microblogs on social networks. We propose a new method for supporting the exploratory search on the Twitter social network. The method copes with several challenges, namely brevity of microblogs called tweets, limited number of available ratings and the need to process the recommendations online. In order to tackle the first challenge, the representation of microblogs is enriched by information from referenced links, topic summarization and affect analysis. The small number of available ratings is raised by interpreting implicit feedback trained by feedback model during browsing. Recommendations are made by a preference model that models user’s preferences over tweets. The evaluation shows promising results even when navigating in the space of brief pieces of information, making recommendations based only on a small number of ratings, and by optimizing the models to process in real time. PMID:24265724

Zilincik, Michal; Navrat, Pavol; Koskova, Gabriela

2013-01-01

319

User's manual of SECOM2-DQFM. A computer code for seismic system reliability analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the English translation of the Japanese version of the user's manual of SECOM2-DQFM, which is developed for seismic reliability analysis of complex engineering systems, such as nuclear power plants. Given that the seismic hazard curve of the location site of a plant and the fault tree/event tree (FT/ET) models of this plant were known, if the capacities and responses of components were available, the conditional occurrence probability (or frequency) of the top event of the FT models could be estimated with SECOM2-DQFM. In addition, the importance of each basic event as well as the occurrence frequency of each accident sequence could also be obtained. In order to evaluate the concurrent failure probability of multiple components due to earthquake, the method of Direct Quantification of Fault Tree using Monte Carlo simulation (DQFM) is adopted in SECOM2-DQFM. In this method, the capacity and response of each component are generated from their probability distributions. Then the capacities (as well as responses) of several components are made correlated following a given set of correlation rules. As a user manual of SECOM2-DQFM, this report is organized as follows. Chapter 1 gives a short summary of SECOM2-DQFM. Then how to combine and execute SECOM2-DQFM is described in Chapter 2. Further, how to prepare the original SECOM2 format input data is written in Chapter 3. Finally, how to prepare the NAMELIST format input data is given in Chapter 4. (author)

320

A graphical user interface for real-time analysis of XPCS using HPC  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the development of third generation synchrotron radiation sources, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for characterizing equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics in complex materials at nanometer length scales over a wide range of time-scales (0.001-1000 s). Moreover, the development of powerful new direct detection CCD cameras has allowed investigation of faster dynamical processes. A consequence of these technical improvements is the need to reduce a very large amount of area detector data within a short time. This problem can be solved by utilizing a large number of processors (32-64) in the cluster architecture to improve the efficiency of the calculations by 1-2 orders of magnitude (Tieman et al., this issue). However, to make such a data analysis system operational, powerful and user-friendly control software needs to be developed. As a part of the effort to maintain a high data acquisition and reduction rate, we have developed a Matlab-based software that acts as an interface between the user and the high performance computing (HPC) cluster.

321

User's guide for the REBUS-3 fuel cycle analysis capability  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

REBUS-3 is a system of programs designed for the fuel-cycle analysis of fast reactors. This new capability is an extension and refinement of the REBUS-3 code system and complies with the standard code practices and interface dataset specifications of the Committee on Computer Code Coordination (CCCC). The new code is hence divorced from the earlier ARC System. In addition, the coding has been designed to enhance code exportability. Major new capabilities not available in the REBUS-2 code system include a search on burn cycle time to achieve a specified value for the multiplication constant at the end of the burn step; a general non-repetitive fuel-management capability including temporary out-of-core fuel storage, loading of fresh fuel, and subsequent retrieval and reloading of fuel; significantly expanded user input checking; expanded output edits; provision of prestored burnup chains to simplify user input; option of fixed-or free-field BCD input formats; and, choice of finite difference, nodal or spatial flux-synthesis neutronics in one-, two-, or three-dimensions.

Toppel, B.J.

1983-03-01

322

Comparative transcriptome analysis of the metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens.  

Science.gov (United States)

The metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens is an established model to study the adaptation of plants to metalliferous soils. Various comparators have been used in these studies. The choice of suitable comparators is important and depends on the hypothesis to be tested and methods to be used. In high-throughput analyses such as microarray, N. caerulescens has been compared to non-tolerant, non-accumulator plants like Arabidopsis thaliana or Thlaspi arvense rather than to the related hypertolerant or hyperaccumulator plants. An underutilized source is N. caerulescens populations with considerable variation in their capacity to accumulate and tolerate metals. Whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) is revealing interesting variation in their gene expression profiles. Combining physiological characteristics of N. caerulescens accessions with their RNA-Seq has a great potential to provide detailed insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms, including entirely new gene products. In this review we will critically consider comparative transcriptome analyses carried out to explore metal hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance of N. caerulescens, and demonstrate the potential of RNA-Seq analysis as a tool in evolutionary genomics. PMID:24904610

Halimaa, Pauliina; Blande, Daniel; Aarts, Mark G M; Tuomainen, Marjo; Tervahauta, Arja; Kärenlampi, Sirpa

2014-01-01

323

Peace Negotiations in the Third World: A Comparative Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article the negotiations and peace processes in the Third World are analized from a comparative viewpoint in order to focus in on the case of Centroamerica. Reference is made to the special features and common elements of those peace processes in otherregions of the Third World and they are compared to those which have taken place in Centroamerica. It is a retrospective and comparative analysis. For this reason, the author has decided to carry out a brief typology of those conflicts offered by Centroamerica: inNicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. Later, the author goes on to analyse the most relevant peace and negotiation processes involving the Third World including one or two from Latin America: the cases of Panama, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq, Colombia, southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia and Angola and Cambodia. Later, the author goes overthe peace process periods in Centroamerica and the temporary contradictions which are presented by internal conflict, regional conflict and geopolitical conflict. Finally, a comparative methodological exercise is carried out which allows to focus on modes of implementation of the peace processes.

Raúl Benítez Manaut

1995-01-01

324

Comparative transcriptome analysis of the metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens  

Science.gov (United States)

The metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens is an established model to study the adaptation of plants to metalliferous soils. Various comparators have been used in these studies. The choice of suitable comparators is important and depends on the hypothesis to be tested and methods to be used. In high-throughput analyses such as microarray, N. caerulescens has been compared to non-tolerant, non-accumulator plants like Arabidopsis thaliana or Thlaspi arvense rather than to the related hypertolerant or hyperaccumulator plants. An underutilized source is N. caerulescens populations with considerable variation in their capacity to accumulate and tolerate metals. Whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) is revealing interesting variation in their gene expression profiles. Combining physiological characteristics of N. caerulescens accessions with their RNA-Seq has a great potential to provide detailed insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms, including entirely new gene products. In this review we will critically consider comparative transcriptome analyses carried out to explore metal hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance of N. caerulescens, and demonstrate the potential of RNA-Seq analysis as a tool in evolutionary genomics. PMID:24904610

Halimaa, Pauliina; Blande, Daniel; Aarts, Mark G. M.; Tuomainen, Marjo; Tervahauta, Arja; Kärenlampi, Sirpa

2014-01-01

325

Systems design and comparative analysis of large antenna concepts  

Science.gov (United States)

Conceptual designs are evaluated and comparative analyses conducted for several large antenna spacecraft for Land Mobile Satellite System (LMSS) communications missions. Structural configurations include trusses, hoop and column and radial rib. The study was conducted using the Interactive Design and Evaluation of Advanced Spacecraft (IDEAS) system. The current capabilities, development status, and near-term plans for the IDEAS system are reviewed. Overall capabilities are highlighted. IDEAS is an integrated system of computer-aided design and analysis software used to rapidly evaluate system concepts and technology needs for future advanced spacecraft such as large antennas, platforms, and space stations. The system was developed at Langley to meet a need for rapid, cost-effective, labor-saving approaches to the design and analysis of numerous missions and total spacecraft system options under consideration. IDEAS consists of about 40 technical modules efficient executive, data-base and file management software, and interactive graphics display capabilities.

Garrett, L. B.; Ferebee, M. J., Jr.

1983-05-01

326

Comparative Analysis of Methods and Tools for Nuclear Knowledge Preservation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This publication draws on the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on comparative analysis of methods and tools for knowledge preservation in nuclear organizations. The CRP was initiated by the IAEA in order to enhance the capacity of Member States to maintain and preserve the information and knowledge resources related to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The project participants explored methods and tools used to capture, interpret, analyse and disseminate data and information, as well as the knowledge ultimately derived from them. Furthermore, a survey tool on the current status of knowledge preservation in nuclear and supporting organizations was developed. The analysis of the survey served as a basis for the recommendations and conclusions on good practices in knowledge preservation. This publication represents the final report of the CRP. The reports of national organizations are presented on this CD-ROM.

327

The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10.  

Science.gov (United States)

The finished sequence of human chromosome 10 comprises a total of 131,666,441 base pairs. It represents 99.4% of the euchromatic DNA and includes one megabase of heterochromatic sequence within the pericentromeric region of the short and long arm of the chromosome. Sequence annotation revealed 1,357 genes, of which 816 are protein coding, and 430 are pseudogenes. We observed widespread occurrence of overlapping coding genes (either strand) and identified 67 antisense transcripts. Our analysis suggests that both inter- and intrachromosomal segmental duplications have impacted on the gene count on chromosome 10. Multispecies comparative analysis indicated that we can readily annotate the protein-coding genes with current resources. We estimate that over 95% of all coding exons were identified in this study. Assessment of single base changes between the human chromosome 10 and chimpanzee sequence revealed nonsense mutations in only 21 coding genes with respect to the human sequence. PMID:15164054

Deloukas, P; Earthrowl, M E; Grafham, D V; Rubenfield, M; French, L; Steward, C A; Sims, S K; Jones, M C; Searle, S; Scott, C; Howe, K; Hunt, S E; Andrews, T D; Gilbert, J G R; Swarbreck, D; Ashurst, J L; Taylor, A; Battles, J; Bird, C P; Ainscough, R; Almeida, J P; Ashwell, R I S; Ambrose, K D; Babbage, A K; Bagguley, C L; Bailey, J; Banerjee, R; Bates, K; Beasley, H; Bray-Allen, S; Brown, A J; Brown, J Y; Burford, D C; Burrill, W; Burton, J; Cahill, P; Camire, D; Carter, N P; Chapman, J C; Clark, S Y; Clarke, G; Clee, C M; Clegg, S; Corby, N; Coulson, A; Dhami, P; Dutta, I; Dunn, M; Faulkner, L; Frankish, A; Frankland, J A; Garner, P; Garnett, J; Gribble, S; Griffiths, C; Grocock, R; Gustafson, E; Hammond, S; Harley, J L; Hart, E; Heath, P D; Ho, T P; Hopkins, B; Horne, J; Howden, P J; Huckle, E; Hynds, C; Johnson, C; Johnson, D; Kana, A; Kay, M; Kimberley, A M; Kershaw, J K; Kokkinaki, M; Laird, G K; Lawlor, S; Lee, H M; Leongamornlert, D A; Laird, G; Lloyd, C; Lloyd, D M; Loveland, J; Lovell, J; McLaren, S; McLay, K E; McMurray, A; Mashreghi-Mohammadi, M; Matthews, L; Milne, S; Nickerson, T; Nguyen, M; Overton-Larty, E; Palmer, S A; Pearce, A V; Peck, A I; Pelan, S; Phillimore, B; Porter, K; Rice, C M; Rogosin, A; Ross, M T; Sarafidou, T; Sehra, H K; Shownkeen, R; Skuce, C D; Smith, M; Standring, L; Sycamore, N; Tester, J; Thorpe, A; Torcasso, W; Tracey, A; Tromans, A; Tsolas, J; Wall, M; Walsh, J; Wang, H; Weinstock, K; West, A P; Willey, D L; Whitehead, S L; Wilming, L; Wray, P W; Young, L; Chen, Y; Lovering, R C; Moschonas, N K; Siebert, R; Fechtel, K; Bentley, D; Durbin, R; Hubbard, T; Doucette-Stamm, L; Beck, S; Smith, D R; Rogers, J

2004-05-27

328

Comparative Study of Reliability Analysis Methods for Discrete Bimodal Information  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The distribution of a response usually depends on the distribution of a variable. When the distribution of a variable has two different modes, the response also follows a distribution with two different modes. In most reliability analysis methods, the number of modes is irrelevant, but not the type of distribution. However, in actual problems, because information is often provided with two or more modes, it is important to estimate the distributions with two or more modes. Recently, some reliability analysis methods have been suggested for bimodal distributions. In this paper, we review some methods such as the Akaike information criterion (Aic) and maximum entropy principle (Me) and compare them with the Monte Carlo simulation (MRCS) using mathematical examples with two different modes

329

Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. We discuss topics including the analysis of the evolutionary forces shaping the size, structure and sequence of the genomes; the conservation of large-scale synteny across most of the genomes; the much lower extent of sequence orthology covering less than half of the genomes; the proportions of the genomes under selection; the number of protein-coding genes; the expansion of gene families related to reproduction and immunity; the evolution of proteins; and the identification of intraspecies polymorphism.

Waterston, Robert H.; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Birney, Ewan; Rogers, Jane; Abril, Josep F.; Agarwal, Pankaj; Agarwala, Richa; Ainscough, Rachel; Alexandersson, Marina; An, Peter; Antonarakis, Stylianos E.; Attwood, John; Baertsch, Robert; Bailey, Jonathon; Barlow, Karen; Beck, Stephan; Berry, Eric; Birren, Bruce; Bloom, Toby; Bork, Peer; Botcherby, Marc; Bray, Nicolas; Brent, Michael R.; Brown, Daniel G.; Brown, Stephen D.; Bult, Carol; Burton, John; Butler, Jonathan; Campbell, Robert D.; Carninci, Piero; Cawley, Simon; Chiaromonte, Francesca; Chinwalla, Asif T.; Church, Deanna M.; Clamp, Michele; Clee, Christopher; Collins, Francis S.; Cook, Lisa L.; Copley, Richard R.; Coulson, Alan; Couronne, Olivier; Cuff, James; Curwen, Val; Cutts, Tim; Daly, Mark; David, Robert; Davies, Joy; Delehaunty, Kimberly D.; Deri, Justin; Dermitzakis, Emmanouil T.; Dewey, Colin; Dickens, Nicholas J.; Diekhans, Mark; Dodge, Sheila; Dubchak, Inna; Dunn, Diane M.; Eddy, Sean R.; Elnitski, Laura; Emes, Richard D.; Eswara, Pallavi; Eyras, Eduardo; Felsenfeld, Adam; Fewell, Ginger A.; Flicek, Paul; Foley, Karen; Frankel, Wayne N.; Fulton, Lucinda A.; Fulton, Robert S.; Furey, Terrence S.; Gage, Diane; Gibbs, Richard A.; Glusman, Gustavo; Gnerre, Sante; Goldman, Nick; Goodstadt, Leo; Grafham, Darren; Graves, Tina A.; Green, Eric D.; Gregory, Simon; Guigo, Roderic; Guyer, Mark; Hardison, Ross C.; Haussler, David; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide; Hillier, LaDeana W.; Hinrichs, Angela; Hlavina, Wratko; Holzer, Timothy; Hsu, Fan; Hua, Axin; Hubbard, Tim; Hunt, Adrienne; Jackson, Ian; Jaffe, David B.; Johnson, L. Steven; Jones, Matthew; Jones, Thomas A.; Joy, Ann; Kamal, Michael; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Karolchik, Donna; Kasprzyk, Arkadiusz; Kawai, Jun; Keibler, Evan; Kells, Cristyn; Kent, W. James; Kirby, Andrew; Kolbe, Diana L.; Korf, Ian; Kucherlapati, Raju S.; Kulbokas III, Edward J.; Kulp, David; Landers, Tom; Leger, J.P.; Leonard, Steven; Letunic, Ivica; Levine, Rosie; et al.

2002-12-15

330

Comparative analysis of some soil compaction measurement techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a need to properly define soil compaction as one of the complex soil characteristics relevant to agriculture since it greatly influences plant growth and energy consumption. The level of soil compaction may be described by many, well known, parameters, which also can be comparatively analysed according to its sensitivity and ability to describe soil reaction to the applied load. This paper presents a specific analysis of soil compaction measurement methods based on laboratory testing. The sensitivity of usual compaction parameters such as tire sinkage, cone index and soil bulk density, as well as needle penetration were taken into consideration. The paper also includes the critical analysis of different measurement techniques and its possibility to be a source of valuable agricultural information.

I. Shmulevich

1995-09-01

331

STATISTICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATION IN MELILLA (SPAIN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We describe the main results obtained in a statistical study carried out at the request of the Economy,Employment and Tourism Council of Melilla (Spain. These results were used in drawing up the firstphase of the Strategic Plan: Diagnosis and Analysis of the Situation of Melilla. The data analyzed wereobtained from the National Educational Council, the Ministry of Education and Science and the SpanishNational Institute of Statistics (INE, and the conclusions reached are set out in the present article. Forpurposes of comparison, we also made a comprehensive analysis of the real situation of the populationin the education sector, including a comparative study of Ceuta (Spain. These two Spanish enclaves inthe north of Africa in general present similar characteristics.

Juan Antonio Marmolejo Martín, Miguel Ángel Montero Alonso

2009-04-01

332

User Evaluation of Web Clustering Search Engines  

OpenAIRE

This study provides user evaluation of clustering and ranked list search engines by comparing their search efficiency, search effectiveness, and users' satisfaction level. The methods include experiment, observation, questionnaire, interview, and search log analysis. The results show that the ranked list search engine performs better in users' search speed, relevant pages retrieved, and the satisfaction level. On the other hand, the clustering search engine has the merits of demonstrating imp...

Sih-Ying Chen; Hsiao-Tieh Pu

2007-01-01

333

Comparative analysis of plates obtained with different aerial photogrammetric cameras  

Science.gov (United States)

The image quality and metric precision of three aerial cameras, the Zeiss Jena LMK, the Wild Heerbrugg RC10A, and the Zeiss Oberkochen RMK, are compared. The metric precision analysis is based on an aerial triangulation of a photogrammetric block of six bands using seven plates with the scale set at 1:5500. Differences in image quality were successfully analyzed by determination of the modulation transfer function under flight conditions, and the reproduction of singularized points is also considered. Results using Panatomic-X film demonstrate that the quality of the image depends principally on the objective used.

Koelbl, Otto

334

Comparative Analysis of Measured and Predicted Shrinkage Strain in Concrete  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article discusses the issues related to concrete shrinkage. The basic information on the phenomenon is presented as well as the factors that determine the contraction are pointed out and the stages of the process are described. The guidance for estimating the shrinkage strain is given according to Eurocode standard PN-EN 1992-1-1:2008. The results of studies of the samples shrinkage strain of concrete C25/30 are presented with a comparative analysis of the results estimated by the guidelines of the standard according to PN-EN 1992-1- 1:2008

Kossakowski P. G.

2014-06-01

335

A comparative analysis of measles virus RNA by oligonucleotide fingerprinting  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Isolates from two cases of acute measles, one case of acute measles encephalitis and three patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis were compared. This comparison was based upon the electrophoretic analysis of T1 oligonucleotides from single-stranded, full-length RNA isolated from cytoplasmic nucleocapsids. Although all viruses have oligonucleotides in common, each isolate generated a unique pattern of oligonucleotides. However, no group of oligonucleotides was observed which would allow differentiation between viruses isolated from acute infections and those isolated from CNS diseases; indicating that probably all measles viruses differ in their nucleotide sequence, regardless of origin. (Author)

336

Comparative thermodynamic analysis of dual cycle under alternative conditions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, finite-time thermodynamic analysis of an air-standard internal-combustion Dual cycle is performed. Maximum power (MP, maximum power density (MPD, maximum efficient power (MEP which are three alternative performance criteria are derived. The effects of the design parameters such as volume ratio and extreme temperature ratio of the cycle have been investigated under MP, MPD and MEP conditions. The analyzed results of air-standard internal-combustion Dual cycle showed the design parameters at maximum power (MP conditions and maximum efficient power (MEP conditions have a significant advantage compared to maximum power density (MPD criterion.

Atmaca Mustafa

2011-01-01

337

Comparative Analysis of Uncertainties in Urban Surface Runoff Modelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the present paper a comparison between three different surface runoff models, in the numerical urban drainage tool MOUSE, is conducted. Analysing parameter uncertainty, it is shown that the models are very sensitive with regards to the choice of hydrological parameters, when combined overflow volumes are compared - especially when the models are uncalibrated. The occurrences of flooding and surcharge are highly dependent on both hydrological and hydrodynamic parameters. Thus, the conclusion of the paper is that if the use of model simulations is to be a reliable tool for drainage system analysis, further research in improved parameter assessment for surface runoff models is needed.

Thorndahl, SØren; Schaarup-Jensen, Kjeld

2007-01-01

338

User friendly analysis of MR investigations of the cerebral perfusion: Windows trademark -based image processing  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Quick and user-friendly analysis of perfusion and diffusion weighted MRI by means of interactive computer software. Method: A Windows trademark -based software was developed for analysis of perfusion (PWI) and diffusion (DWI) MR imaging. The computer program was developed in the programming language C++ using optimized algorithms, so that a high computing speed on Win95/98/NT systems is achieved. The established SVD algorithms of Oestergaard et al. for quantitative perfusion analysis were implemented. Results: Perfusion parameter maps of the cerebral blood flow (rCBF), the mean transit time (MTT) and the cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in consideration of the arterial input function (AIF) can be calculated and visualized using color tables. Additionally, the calculation of ''time-to-peak'' maps (TTP) and of maps of the percentage change in signal intensity (PC) is possible. The analysis of n = 10 normal persons shows perfusion values that agree with those found in the literature. Discussion: With the computer program developed here color-coded perfusion parameter maps can be calculated easily. Because of the high computing speed it is possible to get information about tissue perfusion on the basis of the large MR data sets even in acute investigations. (orig.)

339

Bitmap indices for fast end-user physics analysis in ROOT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Most physics analysis jobs involve multiple selection steps on the input data. These selection steps are called cuts or queries. A common strategy to implement these queries is to read all input data from files and then process the queries in memory. In many applications the number of variables used to define these queries is a relative small portion of the overall data set therefore reading all variables into memory takes unnecessarily long time. In this paper we describe an integration effort that can significantly reduce this unnecessary reading by using an efficient compressed bitmap index technology. The primary advantage of this index is that it can process arbitrary combinations of queries very efficiently, while most other indexing technologies suffer from the 'curse of dimensionality' as the number of queries increases. By integrating this index technology with the ROOT analysis framework, the end-users can benefit from the added efficiency without having to modify their analysis programs. Our performance results show that for multi-dimensional queries, bitmap indices outperform the traditional analysis method up to a factor of 10

340

User's manuals of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for aged piping, PASCAL-SP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a part of research on the material degradation and structural integrity assessment for aged LWR components, a PFM (Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics) analysis code PASCAL-SP (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Stress Corrosion Cracking at Welded Joints of Piping) has been developed. This code evaluates the failure probabilities at welded joints of aged piping by a Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-SP treats stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and fatigue crack growth in piping, according to the approaches of NISA and JSME FFS Code. The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the latest knowledge in the SCC assessment and fracture criteria of piping. In addition, the accuracy of flaw detection and sizing at in-service inspection and residual stress distribution were modeled based on experimental data and introduced into PASCAL-SP. This code has been developed for a cross-check use by the regulatory body in Japan. In addition to this, this code can also be used for a research purpose by researchers in academia and industries. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of the code. (author)

341

GRPAUT: a program for Pu isotopic analysis (a user's guide). ISPO task A.76  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

GRPAUT is a modular program for performing automated Pu isotopic analysis supplied to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) per ISPO Task A.76. Section I of this user's guide for GRPAUT presents an overview of the various programs and disk files that are used in performing a Pu isotopic analysis. Section II describes the program GRFEDT which is used in creating and editing the analysis parameter file that contains all the spectroscopic information needed at runtime by GRPAUT. An example of the dialog and output of GRFEDT is shown in Appendix B. Section III describes the operation of the various GRPAUT modules: GRPNL2, the peak stripping module; EFFCH2, the efficiency calculation module; and ISOAUT, the isotopic calculation module. (A description of the peak fitting methodology employed by GRPNL2 is presented in Appendix A.) Finally, Section IV outlines the procedure for determining the peak shape constants for a detector system and describes the operation of the program used to create and edit the peak shape parameter files. An output of GRPAUT, showing an example of a complete isotopic analysis, is presented in Appendix C. Source listings of all the Fortran programs supplied to the Agency under ISPO Task A.76 are contained in Appendix E

342

User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant.

Kim, Jung Soo; Hwang, In Koo; Song, Sun Ja; Kim, Tae Hwane

2001-02-01

343

Design and Analysis of Multi-User SDMA Systems with Noisy Limited CSIT Feedback  

CERN Document Server

In this paper, we consider spatial-division multiple-access (SDMA) systems with one base station with multiple antennae and a number of single antenna mobiles under noisy limited CSIT feedback. We propose a robust noisy limited feedback design for SDMA systems. The solution consists of a real-time robust SDMA precoding, user selection and rate adaptation as well as an offline feedback index assignment algorithm. The index assignment problem is cast into a Traveling Sales Man problem (TSP). Based on the specific structure of the feedback constellation and the precoder, we derive a low complex but asymptotically optimal solution. Simulation results show that the proposed framework has significant goodput gain compared to the traditional naive designs under noisy limited feedback channel. Furthermore, we show that despite the noisy feedback channel, the average SDMA system goodput grows with the number of feedback bits in the interference limited regime while in noise limited regime increases linearly with the n...

Wu, Tianyu

2010-01-01

344

User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant

345

Comparative Analysis of Different Cryptosystems for Hierarchical Mobile IPv6-based Wireless Mesh Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Wireless Mesh Network (WMN is advocated as the major supporting technology for the next generation wireless Internet satisfying the needs of anywhere-anytime broadband Internet access. In order to support secure ubiquitous communications for mobile users, WMN must have an efficient key setup procedure to secure control packets as well as data packets. In this paper we apply four different cryptosystems, namely: (1 RSA; (2 Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA (3 Identity-Based Cryptography (IBC; and, (4 Elliptic Curve Cryptography-Based Public Key Cryptosystem (ECCSCPKC, to secure Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6 based WMN. We present detailed cost analysis and numerical results to compare these systems for their suitability to secure HMIPv6 based WMN.

Ramanarayana Kandikattu

2010-05-01

346

BPO crude oil analysis data base user`s guide: Methods, publications, computer access correlations, uses, availability  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has one of the largest and most complete collections of information on crude oil composition that is available to the public. The computer program that manages this database of crude oil analyses has recently been rewritten to allow easier access to this information. This report describes how the new system can be accessed and how the information contained in the Crude Oil Analysis Data Bank can be obtained.

Sellers, C.; Fox, B.; Paulz, J.

1996-03-01

347

Clustering Algorithm Analysis of Web Users with Dissimilarity and SOM Neural Networks  

OpenAIRE

To effectively organize and analyze massive web information, design a web user’s clustering mining algorithm. SOM neural network algorithm has lots of disadvantages, to solve the data clustering, propose a new method that uses D-SOM (Dissimilarity-Self Organizing feature Mapping) algorithm, for clustering web user’s. This algorithm can estimate the center and number of clustering data set by dissimilarity computing, optimize SOM neural network learning and impro...

Qiang Xiao; Xiao-dong Qian; Hui Liao

2012-01-01

348

Thermal Insulation System Analysis Tool (TISTool) User's Manual. Version 1.0.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The Thermal Insulation System Analysis Tool (TISTool) was developed starting in 2004 by Jonathan Demko and James Fesmire. The first edition was written in Excel and Visual BasIc as macros. It included the basic shapes such as a flat plate, cylinder, dished head, and sphere. The data was from several KSC tests that were already in the public literature realm as well as data from NIST and other highly respectable sources. More recently, the tool has been updated with more test data from the Cryogenics Test Laboratory and the tank shape was added. Additionally, the tool was converted to FORTRAN 95 to allow for easier distribution of the material and tool. This document reviews the user instructions for the operation of this system.

Johnson, Wesley; Fesmire, James; Leucht, Kurt; Demko, Jonathan

2010-01-01

349

The Quantitative Analysis of User Behavior Online - Data, Models and Algorithms  

Science.gov (United States)

By blending principles from mechanism design, algorithms, machine learning and massive distributed computing, the search industry has become good at optimizing monetization on sound scientific principles. This represents a successful and growing partnership between computer science and microeconomics. When it comes to understanding how online users respond to the content and experiences presented to them, we have more of a lacuna in the collaboration between computer science and certain social sciences. We will use a concrete technical example from image search results presentation, developing in the process some algorithmic and machine learning problems of interest in their own right. We then use this example to motivate the kinds of studies that need to grow between computer science and the social sciences; a critical element of this is the need to blend large-scale data analysis with smaller-scale eye-tracking and "individualized" lab studies.

Raghavan, Prabhakar

350

Light water reactor fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2). Detailed structure and user's manual  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A light water reactor fuel behavior analysis code FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2) was developed as an improved version of FEMAXI-IV. Development of FEMAXI-IV has been already finished in 1992, though a detailed structure and input manual of the code have not been open to users yet. Here, the basic theories and structure, the models and numerical solutions applied to FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), and the material properties adopted in the code are described in detail. In FEMAXI-IV(Ver.2), programming bugs in previous FEMAXI-IV were eliminated, renewal of the pellet thermal conductivity was performed, and a model of thermal-stress restraint on FP gas release was incorporated. For facilitation of effective and wide-ranging application of the code, methods of input/output of the code are also described in detail, and sample output is included. (author)

351

Comparative analysis among sampling methods of underground water  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The monitoring of the underground water quality assumes importance because of the increasing use of it for the different purposes of the contemporaneous society. Different methods for sampling and monitoring of underground water can take to very distinct results. In this way, the present work has as objective to carry out comparative studies among three methods of sampling of underground waters. Bailer, Electric pump of high flowing and pump of low flowing. Quantitative and qualitative sampling techniques of water quality were opted through monitoring wells. The research involved the identification and analysis of the differences in the results obtained by the methods of sampling of underground waters; the geologic and hydrologic description of the monitoring well, on which the sampling was taken from; and the comparative analysis among the three methods of sampling, determining which ones present the best efficiency. There were made mensurations at the site, collection of samples and interpretation of the chemical analyses. At the end of the works, with the integration of the geologic and hydrologic data and analytic results was possible to indicate that the most precise method of sampling of underground water is the low flowing one.

Fábio Augusto Gomes Vieira Reis

2005-06-01

352

Comparative proteomic analysis of canola leaves under salinity stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although canola is a moderately salt-tolerant species, its growth, seed yield, and oil production are markedly reduced under salt stress, particularly during the early vegetative growth stage. To identify the mechanisms of salt responsiveness in canola, the proteins expressed in the second and third newly developed leaves of salt-tolerant, Hyola 308, and salt-sensitive, Sarigol, cultivars were analyzed. Plants were exposed to 0, 175, and 350?mM NaCl during the vegetative stage. An increase in the Na content and a reduction in growth were observed in the third leaves compared to the second leaves. The accumulation of Na was more pronounced in the salt-sensitive compared with the salt-tolerant genotype. Out of 900 protein spots detected on 2-DE gels, 44 and 31 proteins were differentially expressed in the tolerant and susceptible genotypes, respectively. Cluster analysis based on the expression level of total and responsive proteins indicated that the second leaves had a discriminator role between the two genotypes at both salinity levels. Using MS analysis, 46 proteins could be identified including proteins involved in responses to oxidative stress, energy production, electron transport, translation, and photosynthesis. Our results suggest that these proteins might play roles in canola adaptation to salt stress. PMID:21480525

Bandehagh, Ali; Salekdeh, Ghasem Hosseini; Toorchi, Mahmoud; Mohammadi, Abolghasem; Komatsu, Setsuko

2011-05-01

353

2004/2008 labour market information comparative analysis report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The electricity sector has entered into a phase of both challenges and opportunities. Challenges include workforce retirement, labour shortages, and increased competition from other employers to attract and retain the skilled people required to deliver on the increasing demand for electricity in Canada. The electricity sector in Canada is also moving into a new phase, whereby much of the existing infrastructure is either due for significant upgrades, or complete replacement. The increasing demand for electricity means that increased investment and capital expenditure will need to be put toward building new infrastructure altogether. The opportunities for the electricity industry will lie in its ability to effectively and efficiently react to these challenges. The purpose of this report was to provide employers and stakeholders in the sector with relevant and current trend data to help them make appropriate policy and human resource decisions. The report presented a comparative analysis of a 2004 Canadian Electricity Association employer survey with a 2008 Electricity Sector Council employer survey. The comparative analysis highlighted trends and changes that emerged between the 2004 and 2008 studies. Specific topics that were addressed included overall employment trends; employment diversity in the sector; age of non-support staff; recruitment; and retirements and pension eligibility. Recommendations were also offered. It was concluded that the electricity sector coulconcluded that the electricity sector could benefit greatly from implementing on-going recruitment campaigns. refs., tabs., figs

354

Analysis of RNAseq datasets from a comparative infectious disease zebrafish model using GeneTiles bioinformatics.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a RNA deep sequencing (RNAseq) analysis of a comparison of the transcriptome responses to infection of zebrafish larvae with Staphylococcus epidermidis and Mycobacterium marinum bacteria. We show how our developed GeneTiles software can improve RNAseq analysis approaches by more confidently identifying a large set of markers upon infection with these bacteria. For analysis of RNAseq data currently, software programs such as Bowtie2 and Samtools are indispensable. However, these programs that are designed for a LINUX environment require some dedicated programming skills and have no options for visualisation of the resulting mapped sequence reads. Especially with large data sets, this makes the analysis time consuming and difficult for non-expert users. We have applied the GeneTiles software to the analysis of previously published and newly obtained RNAseq datasets of our zebrafish infection model, and we have shown the applicability of this approach also to published RNAseq datasets of other organisms by comparing our data with a published mammalian infection study. In addition, we have implemented the DEXSeq module in the GeneTiles software to identify genes, such as glucagon A, that are differentially spliced under infection conditions. In the analysis of our RNAseq data, this has led to the possibility to improve the size of data sets that could be efficiently compared without using problem-dedicated programs, leading to a quick identification of marker sets. Therefore, this approach will also be highly useful for transcriptome analyses of other organisms for which well-characterised genomes are available. PMID:25503064

Veneman, Wouter J; de Sonneville, Jan; van der Kolk, Kees-Jan; Ordas, Anita; Al-Ars, Zaid; Meijer, Annemarie H; Spaink, Herman P

2015-03-01

355

Rice fortification: a comparative analysis in mandated settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Legal mandates can play an important role in the success of rice fortification programs that involve the private sector. However, merely enacting mandatory legislation does not guarantee success; it requires a coordinated, multidimensional cross-sector effort that addresses stewardship, develops an appropriate rice fortification technology, enables sustainable production and distribution channels through a range of private-sector players, ensures quality, generates consumer demand, and monitors progress. Furthermore, economic sustainability must be built into the supply chain and distribution network to enable the program to outlast government administrations and/or time-limited funding. Hence, mandates can serve as valuable long-term enablers of cross-sector mobilization and collaboration and as catalysts of civil society engagement in and ownership of fortification programs. This paper compares the rice fortification experiences of Costa Rica and the Philippines--two countries with mandates, yet distinctly different industry landscapes. Costa Rica has achieved national success through strong government stewardship and active market development--key elements of success regardless of industry structure. With a comparatively more diffuse rice industry structure, the Philippines has also had success in limited geographies where key stakeholders have played an active role in market development. A comparative analysis provides lessons that may be relevant to other rice fortification programs. PMID:24913356

Forsman, Carmen; Milani, Peiman; Schondebare, Jill A; Matthias, Dipika; Guyondet, Christophe

2014-09-01

356

Comparative co-expression analysis in plant biology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The analysis of gene expression data generated by high-throughput microarray transcript profiling experiments has shown that transcriptionally coordinated genes are often functionally related. Based on large-scale expression compendia grouping multiple experiments, this guilt-by-association principle has been applied to study modular gene programmes, identify cis-regulatory elements or predict functions for unknown genes in different model plants. Recently, several studies have demonstrated how, through the integration of gene homology and expression information, correlated gene expression patterns can be compared between species. The incorporation of detailed functional annotations as well as experimental data describing protein-protein interactions, phenotypes or tissue specific expression, provides an invaluable source of information to identify conserved gene modules and translate biological knowledge from model organisms to crops. In this review, we describe the different steps required to systematically compare expression data across species. Apart from the technical challenges to compute and display expression networks from multiple species, some future applications of plant comparative transcriptomics are highlighted. PMID:22489681

Movahedi, Sara; Van Bel, Michiel; Heyndrickx, Ken S; Vandepoele, Klaas

2012-10-01

357

Mycobacterial species as case-study of comparative genome analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The genus Mycobacterium represents more than 120 species including important pathogens of human and cause major public health problems and illnesses. Further, with more than 100 genome sequences from this genus, comparative genome analysis can provide new insights for better understanding the evolutionary events of these species and improving drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics tools for controlling Mycobacterial diseases. In this present study we aim to outline a comparative genome analysis of fourteen Mycobacterial genomes: M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis K—10, M. bovis AF2122/97, M. bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2, M. leprae Br4923, M. marinum M, M. sp. KMS, M. sp. MCS, M. tuberculosis CDC1551, M. tuberculosis F11, M. tuberculosis H37Ra, M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis KZN 1435 , M. ulcerans Agy99,and M. vanbaalenii PYR—1, For this purpose a comparison has been done based on their length of genomes, GC content, number of genes in different data bases (Genbank, Refseq, and Prodigal). The BLAST matrix of these genomes has been figured to give a lot of information about the similarity between species in a simple scheme. As a result of multiple genome analysis, the pan and core genome have been defined for twelve Mycobacterial species. We have also introduced the genome atlas of the reference strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv which can give a good overview of this genome. And for examining the phylogenetic relationships among these bacteria, a phylogenic tree has been constructed from 16S rRNA gene for tuberculosis and non tuberculosis Mycobacteria to understand the evolutionary events of these species.

Zakham, F.; Belayachi, L.

2011-01-01

358

Extreme storm surges: a comparative study of frequency analysis approaches  

Science.gov (United States)

In France, nuclear facilities were designed around very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, some extreme climatic events have given rise to exceptional observed surges (outliers) much larger than other observations, and have clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the present work is to conduct a comparative study of three approaches to extreme value analysis, including the annual maxima (AM), the peaks-over-threshold (POT) and the r-largest order statistics (r-LOS). These methods are illustrated in a real analysis case study. All data sets were screened for outliers. Non-parametric tests for randomness, homogeneity and stationarity of time series were used. The shape and scale parameter stability plots, the mean excess residual life plot and the stability of the standard errors of return levels were used to select optimal thresholds and r values for the POT and r-LOS method, respectively. The comparison of methods was based on (i) the uncertainty degrees, (ii) the adequacy criteria and tests, and (iii) the visual inspection. It was found that the r-LOS and POT methods have reduced the uncertainty on the distribution parameters and return level estimates and have systematically shown values of the 100 and 500-year return levels smaller than those estimated with the AM method. Results have also shown that none of the compared methods has allowed a good fit at the right tail of the distribution in the presence of outliers. As a perspective, the use of historical information was proposed in order to increase the representativeness of outliers in data sets. Findings are of practical relevance, not only to nuclear energy operators in France, for applications in storm surge hazard analysis and flood management, but also for the optimal planning and design of facilities to withstand extreme environmental conditions, with an appropriate level of risk.

Hamdi, Y.; Bardet, L.; Duluc, C.-M.; Rebour, V.

2014-08-01

359

User's manual for seismic analysis code 'SONATINA-2V'  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, has been developed to analyze the behavior of the HTTR core graphite components under seismic excitation. The SONATINA-2V code is a two-dimensional computer program capable of analyzing the vertical arrangement of the HTTR graphite components, such as fuel blocks, replaceable reflector blocks, permanent reflector blocks, as well as their restraint structures. In the analytical model, each block is treated as rigid body and is restrained by dowel pins which restrict relative horizontal movement but allow vertical and rocking motions between upper and lower blocks. Moreover, the SONATINA-2V code is capable of analyzing the core vibration behavior under both simultaneous excitations of vertical and horizontal directions. The SONATINA-2V code is composed of the main program, pri-processor for making the input data to SONATINA-2V and post-processor for data processing and making the graphics from analytical results. Though the SONATINA-2V code was developed in order to work in the MSP computer system of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the computer system was abolished with the technical progress of computer. Therefore, improvement of this analysis code was carried out in order to operate the code under the UNIX machine, SR8000 computer system, of the JAERI. The users manual for seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, including pri- and post-processor is given in the present report. (author)

Hanawa, Satoshi; Iyoku, Tatsuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment

2001-08-01

360

Comparing cardiovascular factors in opium abusers and non-users candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: In some opinions, opium consumption has traditionally been considered to be a means to lower blood lipids and to put off heart diseases. In this study, the relationship between opium consumption and risk factors of coronary artery diseases, hemodynamic factors and cardiac related functions before and after surgery was evaluated. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study 325 patient's candidate for elective coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled in a period of 6 months. Opium addicted patients were recognized based on taking history from the patients by an anaesthesiologist. Serum lipid profile was determined at the beginning of the study. Frequency and distribution of coronary artery diseases were assessed according to the pre-operative coronary angiography. Results: From 325 patients, 117 patients were opium abusers and 208 patients were not. Mean duration of opium abuse was 12.6 ± 7.7 years. Mean total serum cholesterol levels were not significantly different in abusers and non-users patients (185 ± 47 vs. 190 ± 49, P > 0.05). Mean level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly higher in addicted group (121 ± 27 vs. 81 ± 22, P coronary artery disease. PMID:25625118

Aghadavoudi, Omid; Eizadi-Mood, Nastaran; Najarzadegan, Mohammad Reza

2015-01-01

361

Privacy - an Issue for eLearning? A Trend Analysis Reflecting the Attitude of European eLearning Users  

CERN Document Server

Availing services provided via the Internet became a widely accepted means in organising one's life. Beside others, eLearning goes with this trend as well. But, while employing Internet service makes life more convenient, at the same time, it raises risks with respect to the protection of the users' privacy. This paper analyses the attitudes of eLearning users towards their privacy by, initially, pointing out terminology and legal issues connected with privacy. Further, the concept and implementation as well as a result analysis of a conducted study is presented, which explores the problem area from different perspectives. The paper will show that eLearning users indeed care for the protection of their personal information when using eLearning services. However, their attitudes and behaviour slightly differ. In conclusion, we provide first approaches of assisting possibilities for users how to resolve the difference of requirements and their actual activities with respect to privacy protection.

Borcea-Pfitzmann, Katrin

2007-01-01

362

Multiple comparative studies of Green Supply Chain Management : Pressures analysis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Environmental sustainability is of great concern among world organizations and enterprises due to recent trends in global warming. Many developed nations have put in place stricter environmental regulations. Industries in such nations have established full-fledged systems to adopt environment friendly operation strategies to lower their overall carbon footprint. Currently, there is increased awareness among customers even in developing countries about eco friendly manufacturing solutions. Multi-national firms have identified economies of developed nations as a potential market for their products. Such organizations in developing countries like India and China are under pressure to adopt green concepts in supply chain operations to compete in the market and satisfy their customers' increasing needs. This paper offers a comparative study of pressures that impact the adoption of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). Thirty two pressures are identified from extensive literature reviews and they are classified into five distinct groups based on their similarities. A detailed questionnaire is prepared and circulated among industries in various sectors. Industries were requested through this survey to rate the impact of each pressure. Two independent hypotheses were formulated from literature to test the nature of impact and the differences affecting Indian industries. Statistical data analysis through one-way single factor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), followed by pair-wise comparison of means using Tukey's test was used. The analysis was performed for different sectors and different scales of production categories. The results and their implications are also discussed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Xu, Lihui; Mathiyazhagan, K.

2013-01-01

363

White matter degeneration in schizophrenia: a comparative diffusion tensor analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Schizophrenia is a serious and disabling mental disorder. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies performed on schizophrenia have demonstrated white matter degeneration either due to loss of myelination or deterioration of fiber tracts although the areas where the changes occur are variable across studies. Most of the population based studies analyze the changes in schizophrenia using scalar indices computed from the diffusion tensor such as fractional anisotropy (FA) and relative anisotropy (RA). The scalar measures may not capture the complete information from the diffusion tensor. In this paper we have applied the RADTI method on a group of 9 controls and 9 patients with schizophrenia. The RADTI method converts the tensors to log-Euclidean space where a linear regression model is applied and hypothesis testing is performed between the control and patient groups. Results show that there is a significant difference in the anisotropy between patients and controls especially in the parts of forceps minor, superior corona radiata, anterior limb of internal capsule and genu of corpus callosum. To check if the tensor analysis gives a better idea of the changes in anisotropy, we compared the results with voxelwise FA analysis as well as voxelwise geodesic anisotropy (GA) analysis.

Ingalhalikar, Madhura A.; Andreasen, Nancy C.; Kim, Jinsuh; Alexander, Andrew L.; Magnotta, Vincent A.

2010-03-01

364

Comparative Genomics and Transcriptomic Analysis of Mycobacterium Kansasii  

KAUST Repository

The group of Mycobacteria is one of the most intensively studied bacterial taxa, as they cause the two historical and worldwide known diseases: leprosy and tuberculosis. Mycobacteria not identified as tuberculosis or leprosy complex, have been referred to by ‘environmental mycobacteria’ or ‘Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Mycobacterium kansasii (M. kansasii) is one of the most frequent NTM pathogens, as it causes pulmonary disease in immuno-competent patients and pulmonary, and disseminated disease in patients with various immuno-deficiencies. There have been five documented subtypes of this bacterium, by different molecular typing methods, showing that type I causes tuberculosis-like disease in healthy individuals, and type II in immune-compromised individuals. The remaining types are said to be environmental, thereby, not causing any diseases. The aim of this project was to conduct a comparative genomic study of M. kansasii types I-V and investigating the gene expression level of those types. From various comparative genomics analysis, provided genomics evidence on why M. kansasii type I is considered pathogenic, by focusing on three key elements that are involved in virulence of Mycobacteria: ESX secretion system, Phospholipase c (plcb) and Mammalian cell entry (Mce) operons. The results showed the lack of the espA operon in types II-V, which renders the ESX- 1 operon dysfunctional, as espA is one of the key factors that control this secretion system. However, gene expression analysis showed this operon to be deleted in types II, III and IV. Furthermore, plcB was found to be truncated in types III and IV. Analysis of Mce operons (1-4) show that mce-1 operon is duplicated, mce-2 is absent and mce-3 and mce-4 is present in one copy in M. kansasii types I-V. Gene expression profiles of type I-IV, showed that the secreted proteins of ESX-1 were slightly upregulated in types II-IV when compared to type I and the secreted forms of ESX-5 were highly down regulated in the same types. Differentially expressed genes in types II-IV were also evaluated and validated by qPCR for selected genes. This study gave a general view of the genome of this bacterium and its types, highlighted some different aspects of its subtypes and supplemented by gene expression data.

Alzahid, Yara

2014-04-01

365

Comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in photosynthetic eukaryotes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Kinesins, a superfamily of molecular motors, use microtubules as tracks and transport diverse cellular cargoes. All kinesins contain a highly conserved ~350 amino acid motor domain. Previous analysis of the completed genome sequence of one flowering plant (Arabidopsis has resulted in identification of 61 kinesins. The recent completion of genome sequencing of several photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic eukaryotes that belong to divergent lineages offers a unique opportunity to conduct a comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in plant and non-plant systems and infer their evolutionary relationships. Results We used the kinesin motor domain to identify kinesins in the completed genome sequences of 19 species, including 13 newly sequenced genomes. Among the newly analyzed genomes, six represent photosynthetic eukaryotes. A total of 529 kinesins was used to perform comprehensive analysis of kinesins and to construct gene trees using the Bayesian and parsimony approaches. The previously recognized 14 families of kinesins are resolved as distinct lineages in our inferred gene tree. At least three of the 14 kinesin families are not represented in flowering plants. Chlamydomonas, a green alga that is part of the lineage that includes land plants, has at least nine of the 14 known kinesin families. Seven of ten families present in flowering plants are represented in Chlamydomonas, indicating that these families were retained in both the flowering-plant and green algae lineages. Conclusion The increase in the number of kinesins in flowering plants is due to vast expansion of the Kinesin-14 and Kinesin-7 families. The Kinesin-14 family, which typically contains a C-terminal motor, has many plant kinesins that have the motor domain at the N terminus, in the middle, or the C terminus. Several domains in kinesins are present exclusively either in plant or animal lineages. Addition of novel domains to kinesins in lineage-specific groups contributed to the functional diversification of kinesins. Results from our gene-tree analyses indicate that there was tremendous lineage-specific duplication and diversification of kinesins in eukaryotes. Since the functions of only a few plant kinesins are reported in the literature, this comprehensive comparative analysis will be useful in designing functional studies with photosynthetic eukaryotes.

Reddy Anireddy SN

2006-01-01

366

Urban street networks: a comparative analysis of ten European cities  

CERN Document Server

We compare the structural properties of the street networks of ten different European cities using their primal representation. We investigate the properties of the geometry of the networks and a set of centrality measures highlighting differences and similarities among cases. In particular, we found that cities share structural similarities due to their quasi planarity but that there are also several distinctive geometrical proprieties. A Principal Component Analysis is also performed on the distributions of centralities and their respective moments, which is used to find distinctive characteristics by which we can classify cities into families. We believe that, beyond the improvement of the empirical knowledge on streets network proprieties, our findings can open new perspectives in the scientific relation between city planning and complex networks, stimulating the debate on the effectiveness of the set of knowledge that statistical physics can contribute for city planning and urban morphology studies.

Strano, Emanuele; Cardillo, Alessio; Costa, Luciano Da Fontoura; Porta, Sergio; Latora, Vito

2012-01-01

367

Recurrence quantification analysis to compare the machinability of steels  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Machinability, though is a simple term, is difficult to generalize. But nevertheless, it can be realized as the ease or difficulty with which a material can be machined. Assessing the machinability of various materials before they are used in commercial manufacturing is very demanding, as the machinability affects the material removal rate, surface finish of the workpiece, cutting power consumption and tool wear rate. The present work aims at establishing Recurrence Quantification Analysis, a relatively new technique in the study of chaotic systems, as a potential tool to establish and compare the machinability of steels. The technique has its roots in quantifying the Recurrence Plots obtained by the phase space reconstruction of time domain signals. Variation in Determinism, one of the variables of the technique, is used as a mean to establish the comparison of machinability.

Ravish

2011-01-01

368

A comparative analysis of soft computing techniques for gene prediction.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rapid growth of genomic sequence data for both human and nonhuman species has made analyzing these sequences, especially predicting genes in them, very important and is currently the focus of many research efforts. Beside its scientific interest in the molecular biology and genomics community, gene prediction is of considerable importance in human health and medicine. A variety of gene prediction techniques have been developed for eukaryotes over the past few years. This article reviews and analyzes the application of certain soft computing techniques in gene prediction. First, the problem of gene prediction and its challenges are described. These are followed by different soft computing techniques along with their application to gene prediction. In addition, a comparative analysis of different soft computing techniques for gene prediction is given. Finally some limitations of the current research activities and future research directions are provided. PMID:23529114

Goel, Neelam; Singh, Shailendra; Aseri, Trilok Chand

2013-07-01

369

Comparative Analysis of Hydrogen Production Methods with Nuclear Reactors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hydrogen is highly effective and ecologically clean fuel. It can be produced by a variety of methods. Presently the most common are through electrolysis of water and through the steam reforming of natural gas. It is evident that the leading method for the future production of hydrogen is nuclear energy. Several types of reactors are being considered for hydrogen production, and several methods exist to produce hydrogen, including thermochemical cycles and high-temperature electrolysis. In the article the comparative analysis of various hydrogen production methods is submitted. It is considered the possibility of hydrogen production with the nuclear reactors and is proposed implementation of research program in this field at the IPPE sodium-potassium eutectic cooling high temperature experimental facility (VTS rig). (authors)

Morozov, Andrey [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering by A.I. Leypunsky, 1 Bondarenko sq. Obninsk, 249033 (Russian Federation)

2008-07-01

370

Comparative Evaluation and Analysis of IAX and RSW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Voice over IP (VoIP is a technology to transport media over IP networks such as the Internet. VoIP has the capability of connecting people over packet switched networks instead of traditional circuit switched networks. Recently, the InterAsterisk Exchange Protocol (IAX has emerged as a new VoIP which is gaining popularity among VoIP products. IAX is known for its simplicity, NAT-friendliness, efficiency, and robustness. More recently, the Real time Switching (RSW control criterion has emerged as a multimedia conferencing protocol. In this paper, we made a comparative evaluation and analysis of IAX and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS and found that they both perform well under different network packet delays in ms. Keywords-VoIP; MOS; InterAsterisk eXchange Protocol and Real Time Switching Control Criteria.

Manjur S Kolhar

2009-12-01

371

Phylogeny and comparative genome analysis of a Basidiomycete fungi  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota, make up some 37percent of the described fungi, and are important from the perspectives of forestry, agriculture, medicine, and bioenergy. This diverse phylum includes the mushrooms, wood rots, plant pathogenic rusts and smuts, and some human pathogens. To better understand these important fungi, we have undertaken a comparative genomic analysis of the Basidiomycetes with available sequenced genomes. We report a phylogeny that sheds light on previously unclear evolutionary relationships among the Basidiomycetes. We also define a `core proteome? based on protein families conserved in all Basidiomycetes. We identify key expansions and contractions in protein families that may be responsible for the degradation of plant biomass such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Finally, we speculate as to the genomic changes that drove such expansions and contractions.

Riley, Robert W.; Salamov, Asaf; Grigoriev, Igor; Hibbett, David

2011-03-14

372

Comparative Analysis of Fare Collection System on Bus Operations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study presents a comparative analysis of fare collection systems for inter-city bus operation. One of the important issues in the bus scheduling model is stops of buses in the bus stations (called dwell time -where buses have to stop for boarding and alighting passengers in the bus station. This issue has a direct impact on increased travel time. Subsequently, increased travel time for one bus mission can cause delay in the loops of bus scheduling. This article describes a survey of fare collection systems for bus operations, covering two fare collection systems: paying cash and using the touch-n-go card. We studied this issue in a real case inter-city bus operation. It has been highlighted that a fare collection system using the touch-n-go card has higher efficiency than other the cash method in relation to reducing dwell time of buses in the bus station.

M.H. Hafezi

2012-01-01

373

Comparative analysis of existing models for power-grid synchronization  

CERN Document Server

The dynamics of power-grid networks is becoming an increasingly active area of research within the physics and network science communities. The results from such studies are typically insightful and illustrative, but are often based on simplifying assumptions that can be either difficult to assess or not fully justified for realistic applications. Here we perform a comprehensive comparative analysis of three leading models recently used to study synchronization dynamics in power-grid networks -- a fundamental problem of practical significance given that frequency synchronization of all power generators in the same interconnection is a necessary condition for a power grid to operate. We show that each of these models can be derived from first principles within a common framework based on the classical model of a generator, thereby clarifying all assumptions involved. This framework allows us to view power grids as complex networks of coupled second-order phase oscillators with both forcing and damping terms. U...

Nishikawa, Takashi

2015-01-01

374

Comparative analysis of heat transfer correlations for forced convection boiling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A critical survey was conducted of the most relevant correlations of boiling heat transfer in forced convection flow. Most of the investigations carried out on partial nucleate boiling and fully developed nucleate boiling have led to the formulation of correlations that are not able to cover a wide range of operating conditions, due to the empirical approach of the problem. A comparative analysis is therefore required in order to delineate the relative accuracy of the proposed correlations, on the basis of the experimental data presently available. The survey performed allows the evaluation of the accuracy of the different calculating procedure; the results obtained, moreover, indicate the most reliable heat transfer correlations for the different operating conditions investigated. This survey was developed for five pressure range (up to 180bar) and for both saturation and subcooled boiling condition

375

Comparative Analysis of Hydrogen Production Methods with Nuclear Reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hydrogen is highly effective and ecologically clean fuel. It can be produced by a variety of methods. Presently the most common are through electrolysis of water and through the steam reforming of natural gas. It is evident that the leading method for the future production of hydrogen is nuclear energy. Several types of reactors are being considered for hydrogen production, and several methods exist to produce hydrogen, including thermochemical cycles and high-temperature electrolysis. In the article the comparative analysis of various hydrogen production methods is submitted. It is considered the possibility of hydrogen production with the nuclear reactors and is proposed implementation of research program in this field at the IPPE sodium-potassium eutectic cooling high temperature experimental facility (VTS rig). (authors)

376

Vermiculites of the Northeast Brazilian region: comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Vermiculites are clay minerals similar to montmorillonites differing for crystalline structures. The product exfoliated is odorless, hydrophobic, not irritate the skin and not the lungs. These properties provide the modified thermally vermiculite a product of broad application in the sectors of construction, agriculture and industry. The aim this work is the comparative analysis between two vermiculites micron fractions from different localities of the northeastern Brazilian region, UBM/PB and EUCATEX/PI. Samples exfoliated to 950 deg C were leached for removal of organic matter by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. The spectroscopy in the infrared, FTIR and X-ray diffraction, XRD, were used to characterize the samples. Data from X-ray diffraction showed that the structural characteristics of the mineral samples were not significantly altered with the process of leaching and the IR spectra proved the efficiency of procedure for removal of organic impurities (author)

377

Comparative Analysis of Congestion Control Algorithms Using ns-2  

CERN Document Server

In order to curtail the escalating packet loss rates caused by an exponential increase in network traffic, active queue management techniques such as Random Early Detection (RED) have come into picture. Flow Random Early Drop (FRED) keeps state based on instantaneous queue occupancy of a given flow. FRED protects fragile flows by deterministically accepting flows from low bandwidth connections and fixes several shortcomings of RED by computing queue length during both arrival and departure of the packet. Stochastic Fair Queuing (SFQ) ensures fair access to network resources and prevents a busty flow from consuming more than its fair share. In case of (Random Exponential Marking) REM, the key idea is to decouple congestion measure from performance measure (loss, queue length or delay). Stabilized RED (SRED) is another approach of detecting nonresponsive flows. In this paper, we have shown a comparative analysis of throughput, delay and queue length for the various congestion control algorithms RED, SFQ and REM...

Patel, Sanjeev; Garg, Arjun; Mehrotra, Prateek; Chhabra, Manish

2012-01-01

378

Comparative Analysis of Visco-elastic Models with Variable Parameters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents a theoretical comparative study for computational behaviour analysis of vibration isolation elements based on viscous and elastic models with variable parameters. The changing of elastic and viscous parameters can be produced by natural timed evolution demo-tion or by heating developed into the elements during their working cycle. It was supposed both linear and non-linear numerical viscous and elastic models, and their combinations. The results show the impor-tance of numerical model tuning with the real behaviour, as such the characteristics linearity, and the essential parameters for damping and rigidity. Multiple comparisons between linear and non-linear simulation cases dignify the basis of numerical model optimization regarding mathematical complexity vs. results reliability.

Silviu Nastac

2010-01-01

379

Imaging hydrated microbial extracellular polymers: Comparative analysis by electron microscopy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Microbe-mineral and -metal interactions represent a major intersection between the biosphere and geosphere but require high-resolution imaging and analytical tools for investigating microscale associations. Electron microscopy has been used extensively for geomicrobial investigations and although used bona fide, the traditional methods of sample preparation do not preserve the native morphology of microbiological components, especially extracellular polymers. Herein, we present a direct comparative analysis of microbial interactions using conventional electron microscopy approaches of imaging at room temperature and a suite of cryogenic electron microscopy methods providing imaging in the close-to-natural hydrated state. In situ, we observed an irreversible transformation of the hydrated bacterial extracellular polymers during the traditional dehydration-based sample preparation that resulted in their collapse into filamentous structures. Dehydration-induced polymer collapse can lead to inaccurate spatial relationships and hence could subsequently affect conclusions regarding nature of interactions between microbial extracellular polymers and their environment.

Dohnalkova, A.C.; Marshall, M. J.; Arey, B. W.; Williams, K. H.; Buck, E. C.; Fredrickson, J. K.

2011-01-01

380

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to render an economic model and its statistics components. VAT is a value added tax which appeared about 50 years, initially with two purposes: one to replace certain indirect taxes, and another to reduce the budget deficit according to the faith of that time. The first country that has adopted this model was France, calling it today as value-added tax.

MIHAELA ANDREEA STROE

2011-04-01

381

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to render an economic model and its statistics components. VAT is a value added tax which appeared about 50 years, initially with two purposes: one to replace certain indirect taxes, and another to reduce the budget deficit according to the faith of that time. The first country that has adopted this model was France, calling it today as value-added tax.

Mihaela Andreea STROE

2011-08-01

382

A Comparative Analysis of Privacy Impact Assessment in Six Countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available he European Commission is revising the EU’s data protection framework. One of the changes concerns privacy impact assessment (PIA. This paper argues that the European Commission and the EU Member States should draw on the experience of other countries that have adopted PIA policies and methodologies to construct its own framework. There are similarities and differences in the approaches of Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the UK and US, the countries with the most experience in PIA. Each has its strong points, but also shortcomings. Audits have identified some of the latter in the instance of Canada. This paper provides a comparative analysis of the six countries to identify some of the best elements that could be used to improve Article 33 in European Commission’s proposed Data Protection Regulation.

David Wright

2013-02-01

383

Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary condition. The paper first develops three sets of competing explanatory variables that potentially can explain variations in the judicial independence of ICs. The causal effects of these explanatory variables upon variance in judicial independence are investigated in a comparative analysis of the ACJ, ECJ, ECtHR and IACHR. It is found that the threat of governmental noncompliance and the strength of the constituency possessed by an IC have the most explanatory power, although there is still a significant residual that can only be explained by looking at factors relating to judicial choices and agency.

Beach, Derek

384

Spatial analysis of HIV positive injection drug users in San Francisco, 1987 to 2005.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spatial analyses of HIV/AIDS related outcomes are growing in popularity as a tool to understand geographic changes in the epidemic and inform the effectiveness of community-based prevention and treatment programs. The Urban Health Study was a serial, cross-sectional epidemiological study of injection drug users (IDUs) in San Francisco between 1987 and 2005 (N = 29,914). HIV testing was conducted for every participant. Participant residence was geocoded to the level of the United States Census tract for every observation in dataset. Local indicator of spatial autocorrelation (LISA) tests were used to identify univariate and bivariate Census tract clusters of HIV positive IDUs in two time periods. We further compared three tract level characteristics (% poverty, % African Americans, and % unemployment) across areas of clustered and non-clustered tracts. We identified significant spatial clustering of high numbers of HIV positive IDUs in the early period (1987-1995) and late period (1996-2005). We found significant bivariate clusters of Census tracts where HIV positive IDUs and tract level poverty were above average compared to the surrounding areas. Our data suggest that poverty, rather than race, was an important neighborhood characteristic associated with the spatial distribution of HIV in SF and its spatial diffusion over time. PMID:24722543

Martinez, Alexis N; Mobley, Lee R; Lorvick, Jennifer; Novak, Scott P; Lopez, Andrea; Kral, Alex H

2014-04-01

385

Extreme storm surges: a comparative study of frequency analysis approaches  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In France, nuclear facilities were designed to very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, exceptional climatic events have given rise to surges much larger than observations (outliers and had clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the present work is to conduct a comparative study of three approaches including the Annual Maxima (AM, the Peaks-Over Threshold (POT and the r-Largest Order Statistics (r-LOS. These methods are illustrated in a real analysis case study. All the data sets were screened for outliers. Non-parametric tests for randomness, homogeneity and stationarity of time series were used. The shape and scale parameters stability plots, the mean excess residual life plot and the stability of the standard errors of return levels were used to select optimal thresholds and r values for the POT and r-LOS method, respectively. The comparison of methods was based on: (i the uncertainty degrees, (ii the adequacy criteria and tests and (iii the visual inspection. It was found that the r-LOS and POT methods have reduced the uncertainty on the distributions parameters and return level estimates and have systematically shown values of the 100 and 500 yr return levels smaller than those estimated with the AM method. Results have also shown that none of the compared methods has allowed a good fitting at the right tail of the distribution in the presence of outliers. As a perspective, the use of historical information was proposed in order to increase the representativity of outliers in data sets. Findings are of practical relevance not only to nuclear energy operators in France, for applications in storm surge hazard analysis and flood management, but also for the optimal planning and design of facilities to withstand extreme environmental conditions, with an appropriate level of risk.

Y. Hamdi

2013-11-01

386

COMPAR  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

COMPAR works on FORTRAN arrays with four indices: A = A(i,j,k,l) where, for each fixed k0,l0, only the 'plane' [A(i,j,k0,l0), i = 1, isub(max), j = 1, jsub(max)] is held in fast memory. Given two arrays A, B of this type COMPAR has the capability to 1) re-norm A and B ind different ways; 2) calculate the deviations epsilon defined as epsilon(i,j,k,l): =[A(i,j,k,l) - B(i,j,k,l)] / GEW(i,j,k,l) where GEW (i,j,k,l) may be chosen in three different ways; 3) calculate mean, standard deviation and maximum in the array epsilon (by several intermediate stages); 4) determine traverses in the array epsilon; 5) plot these traverses by a printer; 6) simplify plots of these traverses by the PLOTEASY-system by creating input data blocks for this system. The main application of COMPAR is given (so far) by the comparison of two- and three-dimensional multigroup neutron flux-fields. (orig.)

387

N-terminal protein processing: A comparative proteogenomic analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

N-Terminal Methionine Excision (NME) is a universally conserved mechanism with the same specificity across all life forms that removes the first Methionine in proteins when the second residue is Gly, Ala, Ser, Cys, Thr, Pro, or Val. In spite of its necessity for proper cell functioning, the functional role of NME remains unclear. In 1988, Arfin and Bradshaw connected NME with the N-end protein degradation rule and postulated that the role of NME is to expose the stabilizing residues with the goal to resist protein degradation. While this explanation (that treats 7 stabilizing residues in the same manner) has become the de facto dogma of NME, comparative proteogenomics analysis of NME tells a different story. We suggest that the primary role of NME is to expose only two (rather than seven) amino acids Ala and Ser for post-translational modifications (e.g., acetylation) rather than to regulate protein degradation. We argue that, contrary to the existing view, NME is not crucially important for proteins with 5 other stabilizing residue at the 2nd positions that are merely bystanders (their function is not affected by NME) that become exposed to NME because their sizes are comparable or smaller than the size of Ala and Ser.

Bonissone, Stefano; Gupta, Nitin; Romine, Margaret F.; Bradshaw, Ralph A.; Pevzner, Pavel A.

2013-01-01

388

Molecular organization in liquid crystals: A comparative computational analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A comparative computational analysis of molecular organization in four-nematogenic acids (nOCAC) having two, four, six, and eight carbon atoms in the alkyl chain is carried out with respect to translatory and orientational motions. The evaluation of the atomic charge and dipole moment at each atomic center is performed through the complete neglect differential overlap (CNDO/2) method. The Rayleigh-Schroedinger perturbation theory, along with the multicentered-multipole expansion method, is employed to evaluate the long-range interactions, while the '6-exp' potential function is assumed for short-range interactions. The total interaction-energy values obtained through these computations are used to calculate the probability of each configuration at the phase transition temperature via the Maxwell-Boltzmann formula. Further, the flexibility of various configurations is studied in terms of variation of probability due to small departures from the most probable configuration. A comparative picture of molecular parameters, such as the total energy, binding energy, and total dipole moment, is given. An attempt is made to explain the nematogenic behavior of these liquid crystals in terms of their relative order and, thereby, to develop a molecular model for the liquid crystallinity.

389

Differentiation between Intramedullary spinal ependymoma and astrocytoma: Comparative MRI analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings that could be used to differentiate intramedullary spinal ependymoma from astrocytoma, and to determine predictors for this differentiation. Materials and methods: MRI images of 43 consecutive patients with pathologically proven intramedullary spinal ependymoma (n = 24) and astrocytoma (n = 19) were comparatively evaluated with regard to size, location, margin, signal intensity, contrast enhancement, presence of syringohydromyelia, tumoural cyst, non-tumoural cyst, and haemorrhage. MRI findings and demographic data were compared between the two tumour groups using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: In patients with ependymoma, older age and a larger solid component were more often observed than in astrocytoma. Central location, presence of enhancement, diffuse enhancement, syringohydromyelia, haemorrhage, and cap sign were more frequently observed in ependymoma. However, multivariate analysis revealed that syringohydromyelia was the only variable able to independently differentiate ependymoma from astrocytoma, with an odds ratio of 62.9 (95% CI: 4.38–903.22; p = 0.002). Conclusion: Among the various findings, the presence of syringohydromyelia is the main factor distinguishing ependymoma from astrocytoma

390

Subchannel Notching and Channel Bonding: Comparative Analysis of Opportunistic Spectrum OFDMA Designs  

CERN Document Server

We present an analytical model that enables a comparison of multiple design options of Opportunistic Spectrum Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OS-OFDMA). The model considers continuous and non-continuous subchannel allocation algorithms, as well as different ways to bond separate non-continuous frequency bands. Different user priorities and channel dwell times, for the Secondary Users and the Primary Users of the radio spectrum, are studied. Further, the model allows the inclusion of different types of Secondary User traffic. Finally, the model enables the study of multiple two-stage spectrum sensing algorithms. Analysis is based on a discrete time Markov chain model which allows for the computation of network characteristics such as the average throughput. From the analysis we conclude that OS-OFDMA with subchannel notching and channel bonding could provide, under certain network configurations, almost seven times higher throughput than the design without those options enabled.

Park, Jihoon; Grønsund, Pål; ?abri?, Danijela

2010-01-01

391

Model Based User's Access Requirement Analysis of E-Governance Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The strategic and contemporary importance of e-governance has been recognized across the world. In India too, various ministries of Govt. of India and State Governments have taken e-governance initiatives to provide e-services to citizens and the business they serve. To achieve the mission objectives, and make such e-governance initiatives successful it would be necessary to improve the trust and confidence of the stakeholders. It is assumed that the delivery of government services will share the same public network information that is being used in the community at large. In particular, the Internet will be the principal means by which public access to government and government services will be achieved. To provide the security measures main aim is to identify user's access requirement for the stakeholders and then according to the models of Nath's approach. Based on this analysis, the Govt. can also make standards of security based on the e-governance models. Thus there will be less human errors and bias. This analysis leads to the security architecture of the specific G2C application.

Saha, Shilpi; Jeon, Seung-Hwan; Robles, Rosslin John; Kim, Tai-Hoon; Bandyopadhyay, Samir Kumar

392

Comparative structural analysis of human DEAD-box RNA helicases.  

Science.gov (United States)

DEAD-box RNA helicases play various, often critical, roles in all processes where RNAs are involved. Members of this family of proteins are linked to human disease, including cancer and viral infections. DEAD-box proteins contain two conserved domains that both contribute to RNA and ATP binding. Despite recent advances the molecular details of how these enzymes convert chemical energy into RNA remodeling is unknown. We present crystal structures of the isolated DEAD-domains of human DDX2A/eIF4A1, DDX2B/eIF4A2, DDX5, DDX10/DBP4, DDX18/myc-regulated DEAD-box protein, DDX20, DDX47, DDX52/ROK1, and DDX53/CAGE, and of the helicase domains of DDX25 and DDX41. Together with prior knowledge this enables a family-wide comparative structural analysis. We propose a general mechanism for opening of the RNA binding site. This analysis also provides insights into the diversity of DExD/H- proteins, with implications for understanding the functions of individual family members. PMID:20941364

Schütz, Patrick; Karlberg, Tobias; van den Berg, Susanne; Collins, Ruairi; Lehtiö, Lari; Högbom, Martin; Holmberg-Schiavone, Lovisa; Tempel, Wolfram; Park, Hee-Won; Hammarström, Martin; Moche, Martin; Thorsell, Ann-Gerd; Schüler, Herwig

2010-01-01

393

Kinesins in the Arabidopsis genome: A comparative analysis among eukaryotes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Kinesins constitute a superfamily of microtubule motor proteins that are found in eukaryotic organisms. Members of the kinesin superfamily perform many diverse cellular functions such as transport of vesicles and organelles, spindle formation and elongation, chromosome segregation, microtubule dynamics and morphogenesis. Only a few kinesins have been characterized in plants including Arabidopsis thaliana. Because of the diverse cellular functions in which kinesins are involved, the number, types and characteristics of kinesins present in the Arabidopsis genome would provide valuable information for many researchers. Results Here we have analyzed the recently completed Arabidopsis genome sequence and identified sixty-one kinesin genes in the Arabidopsis genome. Among the five completed eukaryotic genomes the Arabidopsis genome has the highest percentage of kinesin genes. Further analyses of the kinesin gene products have resulted in identification of several interesting domains in Arabidopsis kinesins that provide clues in understanding their functions. A phylogenetic analysis of all Arabidopsis kinesin motor domain sequences with 113 motor domain sequences from other organisms has revealed that Arabidopsis has seven of the nine recognized subfamilies of kinesins whereas some kinesins do not fall into any known family. Conclusion There are groups of Arabidopsis kinesins that are not present in yeast, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster that may, therefore, represent new subfamilies specific to plants. The domains present in different kinesins may provide clues about their functions in cellular processes. The comparative analysis presented here provides a framework for future functional studies with Arabidopsis kinesins.

Day Irene S

2001-06-01

394

Comparative evaluation of gene-set analysis methods  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Multiple data-analytic methods have been proposed for evaluating gene-expression levels in specific biological pathways, assessing differential expression associated with a binary phenotype. Following Goeman and Bühlmann's recent review, we compared statistical performance of three methods, namely Global Test, ANCOVA Global Test, and SAM-GS, that test "self-contained null hypotheses" Via. subject sampling. The three methods were compared based on a simulation experiment and analyses of three real-world microarray datasets. Results In the simulation experiment, we found that the use of the asymptotic distribution in the two Global Tests leads to a statistical test with an incorrect size. Specifically, p-values calculated by the scaled ?2 distribution of Global Test and the asymptotic distribution of ANCOVA Global Test are too liberal, while the asymptotic distribution with a quadratic form of the Global Test results in p-values that are too conservative. The two Global Tests with permutation-based inference, however, gave a correct size. While the three methods showed similar power using permutation inference after a proper standardization of gene expression data, SAM-GS showed slightly higher power than the Global Tests. In the analysis of a real-world microarray dataset, the two Global Tests gave markedly different results, compared to SAM-GS, in identifying pathways whose gene expressions are associated with p53 mutation in cancer cell lines. A proper standardization of gene expression variances is necessary for the two Global Tests in order to produce biologically sensible results. After the standardization, the three methods gave very similar biologically-sensible results, with slightly higher statistical significance given by SAM-GS. The three methods gave similar patterns of results in the analysis of the other two microarray datasets. Conclusion An appropriate standardization makes the performance of all three methods similar, given the use of permutation-based inference. SAM-GS tends to have slightly higher power in the lower ?-level region (i.e. gene sets that are of the greatest interest. Global Test and ANCOVA Global Test have the important advantage of being able to analyze continuous and survival phenotypes and to adjust for covariates. A free Microsoft Excel Add-In to perform SAM-GS is available from http://www.ualberta.ca/~yyasui/homepage.html.

Potter John D

2007-11-01

395

Prediction of Financial Distress for Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a prognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied to improve banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis of a company not included i...

Manel Hamdi

2012-01-01

396

Comparative genomic analysis and phylogenetic position of Theileria equi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Transmission of arthropod-borne apicomplexan parasites that cause disease and result in death or persistent infection represents a major challenge to global human and animal health. First described in 1901 as Piroplasma equi, this re-emergent apicomplexan parasite was renamed Babesia equi and subsequently Theileria equi, reflecting an uncertain taxonomy. Understanding mechanisms by which apicomplexan parasites evade immune or chemotherapeutic elimination is required for development of effective vaccines or chemotherapeutics. The continued risk of transmission of T. equi from clinically silent, persistently infected equids impedes the goal of returning the U. S. to non-endemic status. Therefore comparative genomic analysis of T. equi was undertaken to: 1 identify genes contributing to immune evasion and persistence in equid hosts, 2 identify genes involved in PBMC infection biology and 3 define the phylogenetic position of T. equi relative to sequenced apicomplexan parasites. Results The known immunodominant proteins, EMA1, 2 and 3 were discovered to belong to a ten member gene family with a mean amino acid identity, in pairwise comparisons, of 39%. Importantly, the amino acid diversity of EMAs is distributed throughout the length of the proteins. Eight of the EMA genes were simultaneously transcribed. As the agents that cause bovine theileriosis infect and transform host cell PBMCs, we confirmed that T. equi infects equine PBMCs, however, there is no evidence of host cell transformation. Indeed, a number of genes identified as potential manipulators of the host cell phenotype are absent from the T. equi genome. Comparative genomic analysis of T. equi revealed the phylogenetic positioning relative to seven apicomplexan parasites using deduced amino acid sequences from 150 genes placed it as a sister taxon to Theileria spp. Conclusions The EMA family does not fit the paradigm for classical antigenic variation, and we propose a novel model describing the role of the EMA family in persistence. T. equi has lost the putative genes for host cell transformation, or the genes were acquired by T. parva and T. annulata after divergence from T. equi. Our analysis identified 50 genes that will be useful for definitive phylogenetic classification of T. equi and closely related organisms.

Kappmeyer Lowell S

2012-11-01

397

Vertical Guidance Performance Analysis of the L1–L5 Dual-Frequency GPS/WAAS User Avionics Sensor  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS)/wide area augmentation system (WAAS) user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP) confidence (?air). The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1–L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Simulation Tool (MAAST) to determine the required values for the ?air, so that an L1–L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor can meet the vertical guidance requirements of APproach with Vertical guidance (APV) II and CATegory (CAT) I over conterminous United States (CONUS). A modified MAAST that includes the Galileo satellite constellation is used to determine under what user configurations WAAS could be an APV II system or a CAT I system over CONUS. Furthermore, this paper examines the combinations of possible improvements in signal models and the addition of Galileo to determine if GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor could achieve 10 m Vertical Alert Limit (VAL) within the service volume. Finally, this paper presents the future vertical guidance performance of GPS user avionics sensor for the United States’ WAAS, Japanese MTSAT-based satellite augmentation system (MSAS) and European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS). PMID:22319263

Jan, Shau-Shiun

2010-01-01

398

Vertical Guidance Performance Analysis of the L1-L5 Dual-Frequency GPS/WAAS User Avionics Sensor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS/wide area augmentation system (WAAS user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP confidence (?air. The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Simulation Tool (MAAST to determine the required values for the ?air, so that an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor can meet the vertical guidance requirements of APproach with Vertical guidance (APV II and CATegory (CAT I over conterminous United States (CONUS. A modified MAAST that includes the Galileo satellite constellation is used to determine under what user configurations WAAS could be an APV II system or a CAT I system over CONUS. Furthermore, this paper examines the combinations of possible improvements in signal models and the addition of Galileo to determine if GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor could achieve 10 m Vertical Alert Limit (VAL within the service volume. Finally, this paper presents the future vertical guidance performance of GPS user avionics sensor for the United States’ WAAS, Japanese MTSAT-based satellite augmentation system (MSAS and European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS.

Shau-Shiun Jan

2010-03-01

399

Epidemiology of syphilis infection among drug users at methadone maintenance treatment clinics in China: systematic review and meta-analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Illicit drug trade has re-emerged in China since 1979 and the number of drug addicts had increased. Syphilis is mainly spread through sexual contact and blood. The incidence of syphilis is high among drug users. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics have been implemented in China since 2004. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of syphilis among drug users at MMT clinics in China between 2004 and 2013. Chinese and English databases (CBM, CNKI, Weipu, Pubmed) of literature were searched for studies reporting syphilis among drug users in MMT clinics from 2004 to 2013. The prevalence estimates and risk factors were summarized through a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literatures. In all, 29 eligible articles with a total of 8899 drug users, were selected in this review. The pooled prevalence of syphilis infection was 7.78% (95%CI: 5.83%-9.99%). The meta-analyses demonstrated significant differences in syphilis infection rates between men and women (OR?=?0.34 [95%CI: 0.26-0.45]) but not between drug users and non-intravenous drug users (OR?=?0.82 [95%CI: 0.51-1.32]). Enhanced detection of syphilis and health promotion is warranted in MMT clinics in China. PMID:24352128

Wang, Bing-Xiang; Zhang, Li; Wang, Yu-Jie; Yan, Jun-Wei; Wan, Ya-Nan; Peng, Wen-Jia; Wang, Jing

2013-12-18

400

Inter-Session Network Coding with Strategic Users: A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Network Coding  

OpenAIRE

A common assumption in the existing network coding literature is that the users are cooperative and non-selfish. However, this assumption can be violated in practice. In this paper, we analyze inter-session network coding in a wired network using game theory. We assume selfish users acting strategically to maximize their own utility, leading to a resource allocation game among users. In particular, we study the well-known butterfly network topology where a bottleneck link is...

Mohsenian-rad, Amir-hamed; Huang, Jianwei; Wong, Vincent W. S.; Jaggi, Sidharth; Schober, Robert

2009-01-01

401

DoF Analysis of the K-user MISO Broadcast Channel with Alternating CSIT  

OpenAIRE

We consider a $K$-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC) where the channel state information (CSI) of user $i(i=1,2,\\ldots,K)$ may be either perfect (P), delayed (D) or not known (N) at the transmitter with probabilities $\\lambda_P^i$, $\\lambda_D^i$ and $\\lambda_N^i$, respectively. In this channel, according to the three possible CSIT for each user, joint CSIT of the $K$ users could have at most $3^K$ realizations. Although the results by Tandon et a...

Rassouli, Borzoo; Hao, Chenxi; Clerckx, Bruno

2013-01-01

402

User-based and Cognitive Approaches to Knowledge Organization : A Theoretical Analysis of the Research Literature.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the 1970s and 1980s, forms of user-based and cognitive approaches to knowledge organization came to the forefront as part of the overall development in library and information science and in the broader society. The specific nature of userbased approaches is their basis in the empirical studies of users or the principle that users need to be involved in the construction of knowledge organization systems. It might seem obvious that user-friendly systems should be designed on user studies or user involvement, but extremely successful systems such as Apple’s iPhone, Dialog’s search system and Google’s PageRank are not based on the empirical studies of users. In knowledge organization, the Book House System is one example of a system based on user studies. In cognitive science the important WordNet database is claimed to be based on psychological research. This article considers such examples. The role of the user is often confused with the role of subjectivity. Knowledge organization systems cannot be objective and must therefore, by implication, be based on some kind of subjectivity. This subjectivity should, however, be derived from collective views in discourse communities rather than be derived from studies of individuals or from the study of abstract minds.

HjØrland, Birger

2013-01-01

403

TADS--A CFD-Based Turbomachinery Analysis and Design System with GUI: User's Manual. 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary objective of this study was the development of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based turbomachinery airfoil analysis and design system, controlled by a Graphical User Interface (GUI). The computer codes resulting from this effort are referred to as TADS (Turbomachinery Analysis and Design System). This document is intended to serve as a User's Manual for the computer programs which comprise the TADS system, developed under Task 18 of NASA Contract NAS3-27350, ADPAC System Coupling to Blade Analysis & Design System GUI and Task 10 of NASA Contract NAS3-27394, ADPAC System Coupling to Blade Analysis & Design System GUI, Phase II-Loss, Design and, Multi-stage Analysis. TADS couples a throughflow solver (ADPAC) with a quasi-3D blade-to-blade solver (RVCQ3D) in an interactive package. Throughflow analysis and design capability was developed in ADPAC through the addition of blade force and blockage terms to the governing equations. A GUI was developed to simplify user input and automate the many tasks required to perform turbomachinery analysis and design. The coupling of the various programs was done in such a way that alternative solvers or grid generators could be easily incorporated into the TADS framework. Results of aerodynamic calculations using the TADS system are presented for a highly loaded fan, a compressor stator, a low speed turbine blade and a transonic turbine vane.

Koiro, M. J.; Myers, R. A.; Delaney, R. A.

1999-01-01

404

Comparative Analysis of Various Authentication Techniques in Cloud Computing  

OpenAIRE

Over the recent years, there is a great advancement in the field of Computer Science. Cloud Computing is the result of advancement in the existing technologies. It shares the characteristics with Autonomic Computing, Client-Server Model, Grid Computing, Mainframe Computer, Utility Computing, Peer-to-Peer and Cloud Gaming. Cloud Computing is beneficial not only for users but also for large and small organizations. Security issues are the major concern in Cloud Computing. In this paper, our foc...

SHABNAM SHARMA; USHA MITTAL

2013-01-01

405

Comparative Analysis of Fragment based and Exemplar based Inpainting Techniques  

OpenAIRE

Inpainting is an art of modifying the digital image in such a way that the modifications/alterations are undetectable to an observer who is unknown of the original image. Applications of this technique include restoration of damaged photographs & films, removal of superimposed text, removal/replacement of unwanted objects. After the user selects a region to be inpainted the algorithm automatically fills in these holes by data sampled from remainder of the image. In past the problem of inpaint...

Kazi, J. N.; Patil, Y. M.

2013-01-01

406

Transit Analysis Package (TAP and autoKep): IDL Graphical User Interfaces for Extrasolar Planet Transit Photometry  

CERN Document Server

We present an IDL graphical user interface-driven software package designed for the analysis of extrasolar planet transit light curves. The Transit Analysis Package (TAP) software uses Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques to fit light curves using the analytic model of Mandel and Agol (2002). The package incorporates a wavelet based likelihood function developed by Carter and Winn (2009) which allows the MCMC to assess parameter uncertainties more robustly than classic chi-squared methods by parameterizing uncorrelated "white" and correlated "red" noise. The software is able to simultaneously analyze multiple transits observed in different conditions (instrument, filter, weather, etc). The graphical interface allows for the simple execution and interpretation of Bayesian MCMC analysis tailored to a user's specific data set and has been thoroughly tested on ground-based and Kepler photometry. AutoKep provides a similar GUI for the preparation of Kepler MAST archive data for analysis by TAP or any other a...

Gazak, J Zachary; Tonry, John; Eastman, Jason; Mann, Andrew W; Agol, Eric

2011-01-01

407

Comparative analysis of existing models for power-grid synchronization  

Science.gov (United States)

The dynamics of power-grid networks is becoming an increasingly active area of research within the physics and network science communities. The results from such studies are typically insightful and illustrative, but are often based on simplifying assumptions that can be either difficult to assess or not fully justified for realistic applications. Here we perform a comprehensive comparative analysis of three leading models recently used to study synchronization dynamics in power-grid networks—a fundamental problem of practical significance given that frequency synchronization of all power generators in the same interconnection is a necessary condition for a power grid to operate. We show that each of these models can be derived from first principles within a common framework based on the classical model of a generator, thereby clarifying all assumptions involved. This framework allows us to view power grids as complex networks of coupled second-order phase oscillators with both forcing and damping terms. Using simple illustrative examples, test systems, and real power-grid datasets, we study the inherent frequencies of the oscillators as well as their coupling structure, comparing across the different models. We demonstrate, in particular, that if the network structure is not homogeneous, generators with identical parameters need to be modeled as non-identical oscillators in general. We also discuss an approach to estimate the required (dynamical) system parameters that are unavailable in typical power-grid datasets, their use for computing the constants of each of the three models, and an open-source MATLAB toolbox that we provide for these computations.

Nishikawa, Takashi; Motter, Adilson E.

2015-01-01

408

New drought frequency index: Definition and comparative performance analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Drought periods appear as extreme events whose characterization encompasses several issues. Many issues are related to the multiple natures that a drought may have: meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, or socioeconomical. There are also issues related to the complexity of the phenomena, which may be characterized by many magnitudes, such as duration, severity, or intensity. None of them alone may be used as a general drought characterization criterion. Others arise from the kind of methodologies that are available for their significance evaluation, which focus on different aspects for specific objectives. However, most have a common aspect: the extreme persistent realization of a random hydroclimatic variable. For the goal of general drought analysis, in this paper a new index for drought characterization is presented: the drought frequency index (DFI). The index focuses on this common aspect of the drought origins, with a purely probabilistic treatment. Because droughts are persistent phenomena, the index is based on the stochastic characterization of extreme persistent deviation sequences using a novel probabilistic criterion. In this way, the DFI is related to the mean frequency of recurrence of extreme persistent events. Therefore the mean frequency of recurrence is adopted as the scale for drought significance evaluation. The index performance is analyzed and compared with respect to the different issues that result from applying other methodologies: magnitude selection, univariate versus multivariate, threshold selection (related to the run theory), and timescale issues (related with the standard precipitation index (SPI) application). Furthermore, to apply runs theory for any magnitude number, an original generalization of drought multivariate recurrence models is presented. Finally, the spatial comparability of the indexes is analyzed. Results reveal the ability of the DFI to reduce the sensitivity to practical issues. The DFI provides a consistent index for spatial comparisons and for application to general drought characterization goals.

GonzáLez, Javier; ValdéS, Juan B.

2006-11-01

409

Comparative proteomic analysis of Clostridium difficile isolates of varying virulence.  

Science.gov (United States)

The soluble proteome of three Clostridium difficile strains of varying pathogenic potential, designated B-1, Tra 5/5 and 027 SM, were compared using differential in-gel electrophoresis in which the proteins of each strain were labelled with CyDyes. This enabled visual inspection of the 2D profiles of strains and identification of differentially expressed proteins using image analysis software. Unlabelled protein reference maps of the predominant proteins were then generated for each strain using 2D gel electrophoresis followed by protein sequencing of each spot using a Reflectron matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometer. Increased coverage of the proteome was achieved using 1D gel electrophoresis in a bottom-up approach using LC-MS/MS of 1 cm gel slices. A total of 888 different proteins were detected by comparative analysis of isolates grown in parallel for 64 h on blood agar plates. Of these, only 38?% were shared between all isolates. One hundred and ten proteins were identified as showing ?2-fold difference in expression between strains. Differential expression was shown in a number of potential virulence and colonization factors. Toxin B was detected in the more virulent strains B-1 and 027 SM, but not in the lower virulent strain Tra 5/5, despite all strains possessing an intact pathogenicity locus. The S-layer protein (Cwp2) was identified in strains 027 SM and Tra 5/5 but not strain B-1, and differences in the post-translational modification of SlpA were noted for strain B-1. The variant S-layer profile of strain B-1 was confirmed by genomic comparison, which showed a 58 kb insertion in the S-layer operon of strain B-1. Differential post-translation modification events were also noted in flagellar proteins, thought to be due to differential glycosylation. This study highlights genomic and proteomic variation of different Clostridium difficile strains and suggests a number of factors may play a role in mediating the varying virulence of these different strains. PMID:24445512

Chilton, C H; Gharbia, S E; Fang, M; Misra, R; Poxton, I R; Borriello, S P; Shah, H N

2014-04-01

410

A user-friendly Matlab program and GUI for the pseudorotation analysis of saturated five-membered ring systems based on scalar coupling constants  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The advent of combinatorial chemistry has revived the interest in five-membered heterocyclic rings as scaffolds in pharmaceutical research. They are also the target of modifications in nucleic acid chemistry. Hence, the characterization of their conformational features is of considerable interest. This can be accomplished from the analysis of the 3JHH scalar coupling constants. Results A freely available program including an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI has been developed for the calculation of five-membered ring conformations from scalar coupling constant data. A variety of operational modes and parameterizations can be selected by the user, and the coupling constants and electronegativity parameters can be defined interactively. Furthermore, the possibility of generating high-quality graphical output of the conformational space accessible to the molecule under study facilitates the interpretation of the results. These features are illustrated via the conformational analysis of two 4'-thio-2'-deoxynucleoside analogs. Results are discussed and compared with those obtained using the original PSEUROT program. Conclusion A user-friendly Matlab interface has been developed and tested. This should considerably improve the accessibility of this kind of calculations to the chemical community.

Martins José C

2008-10-01

411

Comparative analysis of discrete exosome fractions obtained by differential centrifugation  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Cells release a mixture of extracellular vesicles, amongst these exosomes, that differ in size, density and composition. The standard isolation method for exosomes is centrifugation of fluid samples, typically at 100,000×g or above. Knowledge of the effect of discrete ultracentrifugation speeds on the purification from different cell types, however, is limited. Methods We examined the effect of applying differential centrifugation g-forces ranging from 33,000×g to 200,000×g on exosome yield and purity, using 2 unrelated human cell lines, embryonic kidney HEK293 cells and bladder carcinoma FL3 cells. The fractions were evaluated by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), total protein quantification and immunoblotting for CD81, TSG101, syntenin, VDAC1 and calreticulin. Results NTA revealed the lowest background particle count in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium media devoid of phenol red and cleared by 200,000×g overnight centrifugation. The centrifugation tube fill level impacted the sedimentation efficacy. Comparative analysis by NTA, protein quantification, and detection of exosomal and contamination markers identified differences in vesicle size, concentration and composition of the obtained fractions. In addition, HEK293 and FL3 vesicles displayed marked differences in sedimentation characteristics. Exosomes were pelleted already at 33,000×g, a g-force which also removed most contaminating microsomes. Optimal vesicle-to-protein yield was obtained at 67,000×g for HEK293 cells but 100,000×g for FL3 cells. Relative expression of exosomal markers (TSG101, CD81, syntenin) suggested presence of exosome subpopulations with variable sedimentation characteristics. Conclusions Specific g-force/k factor usage during differential centrifugation greatly influences the purity and yield of exosomes. The vesicle sedimentation profile differed between the 2 cell lines. PMID:25396408

Jeppesen, Dennis K.; Hvam, Michael L.; Primdahl-Bengtson, Bjarke; Boysen, Anders T.; Whitehead, Bradley; Dyrskjøt, Lars; Ørntoft, Torben F.; Howard, Kenneth A.; Ostenfeld, Marie S.

2014-01-01

412

Comparative analysis of discrete exosome fractions obtained by differential centrifugation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Cells release a mixture of extracellular vesicles, amongst these exosomes, that differ in size, density and composition. The standard isolation method for exosomes is centrifugation of fluid samples, typically at 100,000×g or above. Knowledge of the effect of discrete ultracentrifugation speeds on the purification from different cell types, however, is limited. Methods: We examined the effect of applying differential centrifugation g-forces ranging from 33,000×g to 200,000×g on exosome yield and purity, using 2 unrelated human cell lines, embryonic kidney HEK293 cells and bladder carcinoma FL3 cells. The fractions were evaluated by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA, total protein quantification and immunoblotting for CD81, TSG101, syntenin, VDAC1 and calreticulin. Results: NTA revealed the lowest background particle count in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium media devoid of phenol red and cleared by 200,000×g overnight centrifugation. The centrifugation tube fill level impacted the sedimentation efficacy. Comparative analysis by NTA, protein quantification, and detection of exosomal and contamination markers identified differences in vesicle size, concentration and composition of the obtained fractions. In addition, HEK293 and FL3 vesicles displayed marked differences in sedimentation characteristics. Exosomes were pelleted already at 33,000×g, a g-force which also removed most contaminating microsomes. Optimal vesicle-to-protein yield was obtained at 67,000×g for HEK293 cells but 100,000×g for FL3 cells. Relative expression of exosomal markers (TSG101, CD81, syntenin suggested presence of exosome subpopulations with variable sedimentation characteristics. Conclusions: Specific g-force/k factor usage during differential centrifugation greatly influences the purity and yield of exosomes. The vesicle sedimentation profile differed between the 2 cell lines.

Dennis K. Jeppesen

2014-11-01

413

Arms control verification costs: the need for a comparative analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The end of the Cold War era has presented practitioners and analysts of international non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament (NACD) the opportunity to focus more intently on the range and scope of NACD treaties and their verification. Aside from obvious favorable and well-publicized developments in the field of nuclear non-proliferation, progress also has been made in a wide variety of arenas, ranging from chemical and biological weapons, fissile material, conventional forces, ballistic missiles, to anti-personnel landmines. Indeed, breaking from the constraints imposed by the Cold War United States-Soviet adversarial zero-sum relationship that impeded the progress of arms control, particularly on a multilateral level, the post Cold War period has witnessed significant developments in NACD commitments, initiatives, and implementation. The goals of this project - in its final iteration - will be fourfold. First, it will lead to the creation of a costing analysis model adjustable for uses in several current and future arms control verification tasks. Second, the project will identify data accumulated in the cost categories outlined in Table 1 in each of the five cases. By comparing costs to overall effectiveness, the application of the model will demonstrate desirability in each of the cases (see Chart 1). Third, the project will identify and scrutinize 'political costs' as well as real expenditures and investment in the verification regimes (see Chart 2). And,e verification regimes (see Chart 2). And, finally, the project will offer some analysis on the relationship between national and multilateral forms of arms control verification, as well as the applicability of multilateralism as an effective tool in the verification of international non-proliferation, arms control, and disarmament agreements. (author)

414

Comparative analysis of different methods for graphene nanoribbon synthesis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs are thin strips of graphene that have captured the interest of scientists due to their unique structure and promising applications in electronics. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis of morphological properties of graphene nanoribbons synthesized by different methods. Various methods have been reported for graphene nanoribons synthesis. Lithography methods usually include electron-beam (e-beam lithography, atomic force microscopy (AFM lithography, and scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM lithography. Sonochemical and chemical methods exist as well, namely chemical vapour deposition (CVD and anisotropic etching. Graphene nanoribbons can also be fabricated from unzipping carbon nanotubes (CNTs. We propose a new highly efficient method for graphene nanoribbons production by gamma irradiation of graphene dispersed in cyclopentanone (CPO. Surface morphology of graphene nanoribbons was visualized with atomic force and transmission electron microscopy. It was determined that dimensions of graphene nanoribbons are inversely proportional to applied gamma irradiation dose. It was established that the narrowest nanoribbons were 10-20 nm wide and 1 nm high with regular and smooth edges. In comparison to other synthesis methods, dimensions of graphene nanoribbons synthesized by gamma irradiation are slightly larger, but the yield of nanoribbons is much higher. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used for structural analysis of graphene nanoribbons. Results of photoluminescence spectroscopy revealed for the first time that synthesized nanoribbons showed photoluminescence in the blue region of visible light in contrast to graphene nanoribbons synthesized by other methods. Based on disclosed facts, we believe that our synthesis method has good prospects for potential future mass production of graphene nanoribbons with uniform size, as well as for future investigations of carbon nanomaterials for applications in optoelectronics and biological labeling.

Toši? Dragana D.

2013-01-01

415

Comparative analysis of discrete exosome fractions obtained by differential centrifugation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Cells release a mixture of extracellular vesicles, amongst these exosomes, that differ in size, density and composition. The standard isolation method for exosomes is centrifugation of fluid samples, typically at 100,000×g or above. Knowledge of the effect of discrete ultracentrifugation speeds on the purification from different cell types, however, is limited. METHODS: We examined the effect of applying differential centrifugation g-forces ranging from 33,000×g to 200,000×g on exosome yield and purity, using 2 unrelated human cell lines, embryonic kidney HEK293 cells and bladder carcinoma FL3 cells. The fractions were evaluated by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), total protein quantification and immunoblotting for CD81, TSG101, syntenin, VDAC1 and calreticulin. RESULTS: NTA revealed the lowest background particle count in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium media devoid of phenol red and cleared by 200,000×g overnight centrifugation. The centrifugation tube fill level impacted the sedimentation efficacy. Comparative analysis by NTA, protein quantification, and detection of exosomal and contamination markers identified differences in vesicle size, concentration and composition of the obtained fractions. In addition, HEK293 and FL3 vesicles displayed marked differences in sedimentation characteristics. Exosomes were pelleted already at 33,000×g, a g-force which also removed most contaminating microsomes. Optimal vesicle-to-protein yield was obtained at 67,000×g for HEK293 cells but 100,000×g for FL3 cells. Relative expression of exosomal markers (TSG101, CD81, syntenin) suggested presence of exosome subpopulations with variable sedimentation characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Specific g-force/k factor usage during differential centrifugation greatly influences the purity and yield of exosomes. The vesicle sedimentation profile differed between the 2 cell lines.

Jeppesen, Dennis KjØlhede; Hvam, Michael L

2014-01-01

416

A Comparative Study of Kernel and Robust Canonical Correlation Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A number of measures of canonical correlation coefficient are now used in multimedia related fields like object recognition, image segmentation facial expression recognition and pattern recognition in the different literature. Some robust forms of classical canonical correlation coefficient are introduced recently to address the robustness issue of the canonical coefficient in the presence of outliers and departure from normality. Also a few number of kernels are used in canonical analysis to capture nonlinear relationship in data space, which is linear in some higher dimensional feature space. But not much work has been done to investigate their relative performances through i simulation from the view point of sensitivity, breakdown analysis as well as ii using real data sets. In this paper an attempt has been made to compare performances of kernel canonical correlation coefficients (Gaussian function, Laplacian function and Polynomial function with that of robust and classical canonical correlation coefficient measures using simulation with five sample sizes (50, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000, influence function, breakdown point along with several real data and a multi-modal data sets, focusing on the specific case of segmented images with associated text. We investigate the bias, mean square error(MISE, qualitative robustness index (RI, sensitivity curve of each estimator under a variety of situations and also employ box plots and scatter plots of canonical variates to judge their performances. We have observed that the class of kernel estimators perform better than the class of classical and robust estimators in general and the kernel estimator with Laplacian function has shown the best performance for large sample size and break down is high in case of nonlinear data.

Ashad M. Alam

2010-02-01

417

User's Manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) Software: Version 3  

Science.gov (United States)

The Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software provides an accurate, consistent, and efficient mechanism for analyzing invertebrate data collected as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and stored in the Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB). The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft (MS) Windows?. It allows users to read data downloaded from Bio-TDB and stored either as MS Excel? or MS Access? files. The program consists of five modules. The Edit Data module allows the user to subset, combine, delete, and summarize community data. The Data Preparation module allows the user to select the type(s) of sample(s) to process, calculate densities, delete taxa based on laboratory processing notes, combine lifestages or keep them separate, select a lowest taxonomic level for analysis, delete rare taxa, and resolve taxonomic ambiguities. The Calculate Community Metrics module allows the user to calculate over 130 community metrics, including metrics based on organism tolerances and functional feeding groups. The Calculate Diversities and Similarities module allows the user to calculate nine diversity and eight similarity indices. The Data export module allows the user to export data to other software packages and produce tables of community data that can be imported into spreadsheet and word-processing programs. Though the IDAS program was developed to process invertebrate data downloaded from USGS databases, it will work with other data sets that are converted to the USGS (Bio-TDB) format. Consequently, the data manipulation, analysis, and export procedures provided by the IDAS program can be used by anyone involved in using benthic macroinvertebrates in applied or basic research.

Cuffney, Thomas F.

2003-01-01

418

Prediction of Financial Distress for Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a prognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied to improve banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis of a company not included in our base sample. The artificial neural network can effectively automate the granting credit decision then performed better than traditional financial analysis.

Manel Hamdi

2012-07-01

419

Comparative analysis of graphite oxidation behaviour based on microstructure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two unidentified powdered graphite samples, from a natural and a synthetic origin respectively, were examined. These materials are intended for use in nuclear applications, but have an unknown treatment history since they are considered proprietary. In order to establish a baseline for comparison, the samples were compared to two commercial flake natural graphite samples with varying impurity levels. The samples were characterized by conventional techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. The results indicated that all four samples were very similar, with low impurity levels and good crystallinity, yet they exhibit remarkably different oxidation behaviours. The oxidized microstructures of the materials were examined using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy at low acceleration voltages. The relative influence of each factor affecting the oxidation was established, enabling a structured comparison of the different oxidative behaviours. Based on this analysis, it was possible to account for the measured differences in oxidative reactivity. The material with the lowest reactivity was a flake natural graphite which was characterized as having