WorldWideScience

Sample records for users comparative analysis

  1. A comparative analysis of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who reported mental health problems

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Gallagher; Donna Tedstone Doherty

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The use of psychotropic medication has increased over the years and there are concerns about the inappropriate use and prescribing of such medication. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who report mental health problems. Method: Data from the 2006 Health Research Board, National Psychological Wellbeing and Distress Survey (HRB NPWDS) was used to compare users and non-users of ...

  2. A comparative analysis of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who reported mental health problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Gallagher

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The use of psychotropic medication has increased over the years and there are concerns about the inappropriate use and prescribing of such medication. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among individuals who report mental health problems. Method: Data from the 2006 Health Research Board, National Psychological Wellbeing and Distress Survey (HRB NPWDS was used to compare users and non-users of prescribed psychotropic medication among 382 individuals who reported mental health problems. The HRB NPWDS was carried out between December 2005 and April 2006. Results: One-third of respondents who had experienced a mental health problem in the past 12 months had used prescribed psychotropic medication. The majority of the respondents had their medication prescribed by the general practitioner (GP. Those who had used psychotropic medication in the previous year had also used more supports than those who had not used medication. Users were also more likely to have lower weekly income, attend the GP more often and have lower perceived mental health status. Users were not more willing to disclose distressing information and did not have higher levels of psychological distress. Conclusion: The findings highlight the importance of the GP in the treatment and care of common mental health problems. Furthermore, the findings highlight the gap in treatment for those who are experiencing mental health problems.

  3. Comparing Text-based and Graphic User Interfaces for Novice and Expert Users

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jung-wei; Zhang, Jiajie

    2007-01-01

    Graphic User Interface (GUI) is commonly considered to be superior to Text-based User Interface (TUI). This study compares GUI and TUI in an electronic dental record system. Several usability analysis techniques compared the relative effectiveness of a GUI and a TUI. Expert users and novice users were evaluated in time required and steps needed to complete the task. A within-subject design was used to evaluate if the experience with either interface will affect task performance. The results s...

  4. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GRAPHICAL USER AUTHENTICATION APPROACHES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radhika?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, authentication technology is the main measure to guarantee information security, and the most common and convenient authentication method in use is the alphanumeric password. However, their inherent defects led to the development of graphical password as an alternative. Graphical password which uses images as passwords, rather than alphanumeric characters is motivated particularly by the fact that it is generally easier for users to remember and recall images than words, and it is conceivable that graphical password would be able to provide better security than alphanumeric password. Authentication, authorization and auditing are the most important issues of security on data communication. In particular, authentication is the life of every individual essential closest friend. The user authentication security is dependent on the strength of user password. A secure password is usually random, strange, very long and difficult to remember. For most users, remember these irregular passwords are very difficult. To easily remember and security are two sides of one coin. Graphical password authentication technology is the use of click on the image to replace input some characters. The graphical user interface can help user easy to create and remember their secure passwords. However, in the graphical password system based on images can provide an alternative password, but too many images will be a large database to store issue. In this thesis, a study of various schemes of graphical user authentication is made and also several challenges in graphical authentication are discussed.

  5. Trajectory analysis and optimization system (TAOS) user`s manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salguero, D.E.

    1995-12-01

    The Trajectory Analysis and Optimization System (TAOS) is software that simulates point--mass trajectories for multiple vehicles. It expands upon the capabilities of the Trajectory Simulation and Analysis program (TAP) developed previously at Sandia National Laboratories. TAOS is designed to be a comprehensive analysis tool capable of analyzing nearly any type of three degree-of-freedom, point-mass trajectory. Trajectories are broken into segments, and within each segment, guidance rules provided by the user control how the trajectory is computed. Parametric optimization provides a powerful method for satisfying mission-planning constraints. Althrough TAOS is not interactive, its input and output files have been designed for ease of use. When compared to TAP, the capability to analyze trajectories for more than one vehicle is the primary enhancement, although numerous other small improvements have been made. This report documents the methods used in TAOS as well as the input and output file formats.

  6. MAUS: MICE Analysis User Software

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) has developed the MICE Analysis User Software (MAUS) to simulate and analyse experimental data. It serves as the primary codebase for the experiment, providing for online data quality checks and offline batch simulation and reconstruction. The code is structured in a Map-Reduce framework to allow parallelization whether on a personal machine or in the control room. Various software engineering practices from industry are also used to ensure correct and maintainable physics code, which include unit, functional and integration tests, continuous integration and load testing, code reviews, and distributed version control systems. Lastly, there are various small design decisions like using JSON as the data structure, using SWIG to allow developers to write components in either Python or C++, or using the SCons python-based build system that may be of interest to other experiments.

  7. Comparative risk analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the risks of various energy systems are discussed considering severe accidents analysis, particularly the probabilistic safety analysis, and probabilistic safety criteria, and the applications of these criteria and analysis. The comparative risk analysis has demonstrated that the largest source of risk in every society is from daily small accidents. Nevertheless, we have to be more concerned about severe accidents. The comparative risk analysis of five different energy systems (coal, oil, gas, LWR and STEC (Solar)) for the public has shown that the main sources of risks are coal and oil. The latest comparative risk study of various energy has been conducted in the USA and has revealed that the number of victims from coal is 42 as many than victims from nuclear. A study for severe accidents from hydro-dams in United States has estimated the probability of dam failures at 1 in 10,000 years and the number of victims between 11,000 and 260,000. The average occupational risk from coal is one fatal accident in 1,000 workers/year. The probabilistic safety analysis is a method that can be used to assess nuclear energy risks, and to analyze the severe accidents, and to model all possible accident sequences and consequences. The 'Fault tree' analysis is used to know the probability of failure of the different systems at each point of accident sequences and to calculate the probability of risks. After calculating the probability of failure, the criteria for judginbility of failure, the criteria for judging the numerical results have to be developed, that is the quantitative and qualitative goals. To achieve these goals, several systems have been devised by various countries members of AIEA. The probabilistic safety ana-lysis method has been developed by establishing a computer program permit-ting to know different categories of safety related information. 19 tabs. (author)

  8. User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns within LHCb and experience with the updated LHCb DIRAC workload management system are presented.

  9. User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Andrew; Brochu, Frederic; Cowan, Greg; Egede, Ulrik; Elmsheuser, Johannes; Gaidioz, Benjamin; Harrison, Karl; Lee, Hurng-Chun; Liko, Dietrich; Moscicki, Jakub; Muraru, Adrian; Pajchel, Katarina; Reece, Will; Samset, Bjørn; Slater, Mark; Soroko, Alexander; van der Ster, Daniel; Williams, Mike; Lik Tan, Chun

    2010-04-01

    GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns within LHCb and experience with the updated LHCb DIRAC workload management system are presented.

  10. User analysis of LHCb data with Ganga

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, A; Cowan, G; Egede, U; Elmsheuser, J; Gaidioz, B; Harrison, K; Lee, H -C; Liko, D; Moscicki, J; Muraru, A; Pajchel, K; Reece, W; Samset, B; Slater, M; Soroko, A; van der Ster, D; Williams, M; Tan, C L; 10.1088/1742-6596/219/7/072008

    2010-01-01

    GANGA (http://cern.ch/ganga) is a job-management tool that offers a simple, efficient and consistent user analysis tool in a variety of heterogeneous environments: from local clusters to global Grid systems. Experiment specific plug-ins allow GANGA to be customised for each experiment. For LHCb users GANGA is the officially supported and advertised tool for job submission to the Grid. The LHCb specific plug-ins allow support for end-to-end analysis helping the user to perform his complete analysis with the help of GANGA. This starts with the support for data selection, where a user can select data sets from the LHCb Bookkeeping system. Next comes the set up for large analysis jobs: with tailored plug-ins for the LHCb core software, jobs can be managed by the splitting of these analysis jobs with the subsequent merging of the resulting files. Furthermore, GANGA offers support for Toy Monte-Carlos to help the user tune their analysis. In addition to describing the GANGA architecture, typical usage patterns with...

  11. ForAVis : explorative user forum analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wanner, Franz; Ramm, Thomas; Keim, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    User generated textual content on the internet has become increasingly valueable during the past few years. Forums, blogs, twitter and other social media websites are accessible for a huge amount of people all over the world. Hence, methods and tools are needed to handle this vast bulk of textual data. In this paper we present an explorative forum analysis system helping various stakeholders to cope with the task analyzing user generated content in online forums. The used mobile communication...

  12. Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa / Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daniela Araújo, Toscano; Ana Cláudia Tabosa, Florêncio; Maria da Conceição, Sales; Márcia Trovão Duarte, Cavalcanti; Daniela Almeida Lyra, Antunes.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1) [...] , e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2), foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%), anisometropia (18,6%) e esotropia (16,9%). Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%), ametropia e leucoma (18,6%) cada, e phthisis (16,3%). A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável) no grupo 1 (45,8%) e no grupo 2 (32,6%). A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3%) e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%). CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife [...] - PE- Brazil - group 1), and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2), was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%), anisometropia (18.6%) and esotropia (16.9%). In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%), ametropia (18.6%), leukoma (18.6%) and phthisis (16.3%). Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8%) and in group 2 (32.6%). The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3%) and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%). CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

  13. Crianças usuárias de lente de contato nos serviços público e privado: análise comparativa Pediatric contact lens users in public and private services: comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Araújo Toscano

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Analisar as indicações, tipo, complicações do uso de lentes de contato e acuidade visual em crianças de serviços de Oftalmologia público e privado. MÉTODOS: Os dados dos prontuários de 59 crianças usuárias de lentes de contato em serviço privado (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Grupo 1, e 43 no serviço público (Fundação Altino Ventura - Grupo 2, foram analisados. A coleta de dados incluiu características sociodemográficas, idade da primeira consulta, indicação do uso da lente, tipo de lente, complicações e acuidade visual. RESULTADOS: As mais comuns indicações do uso de lente de contato no grupo 1 foram: ametropia (55,9%, anisometropia (18,6% e esotropia (16,9%. Neste grupo o leucoma e phthisis não estavam presentes. No grupo 2, as indicações mais comuns foram: anisometropia (23,2%, ametropia e leucoma (18,6% cada, e phthisis (16,3%. A esotropia não apareceu no grupo 2. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente (não descartável no grupo 1 (45,8% e no grupo 2 (32,6%. A complicação mais encontrada no grupo 1 foi desconforto (33,3% e no grupo 2 perda da lente (60%. CONCLUSÕES: A indicação de ametropia predominou nos pacientes privados e as anisometropias nos públicos. O tipo de lente de contato mais prescrita nos dois grupos foi a gelatinosa de uso permanente. A complicação mais frequente no grupo 1 foi desconforto e no grupo 2 perda da lente. A acuidade visual na maioria dos pacientes manteve-se.PURPOSE: To analyze the indications, type and complications of contact lens use and visual acuity in children, in ophthalmological, public and private, services. METHODS: The information from the medical records of 59 contact lens users at a private service (Hospital de Olhos de Pernambuco - Recife - PE- Brazil - group 1, and 43 at public service (Fundação Altino Ventura - Recife - PE - Brazil - group 2, was analyzed. The collected data included: demographic information; age at first examination; indication of lens use; contact lens type; complications and visual acuity. RESULTS: The most common indications of contact lenses in group 1 were: ametropia (55.9%, anisometropia (18.6% and esotropia (16.9%. In this group leukoma and phthisis were not present. In group 2 the most common indications were: anisometropia (23.2%, ametropia (18.6%, leukoma (18.6% and phthisis (16.3%. Esotropia was not found in group 2. The most prescribed contact lens was soft and of permanent use in group 1 (45.8% and in group 2 (32.6%. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort (33.3% and in group 2 was the loss of the lens (60%. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent indication in private services was ametropia and anisometropia in the public ones. The type of lens mostly prescribed in both groups was soft and of permanent use. The most frequent complication in group 1 was discomfort and in group 2 loss of the lens. The visual acuity was the same in the majority of the patients.

  14. Language workbench user interfaces for data analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Victoria M.

    2015-01-01

    Biological data analysis is frequently performed with command line software. While this practice provides considerable flexibility for computationally savy individuals, such as investigators trained in bioinformatics, this also creates a barrier to the widespread use of data analysis software by investigators trained as biologists and/or clinicians. Workflow systems such as Galaxy and Taverna have been developed to try and provide generic user interfaces that can wrap command line analysis software. These solutions are useful for problems that can be solved with workflows, and that do not require specialized user interfaces. However, some types of analyses can benefit from custom user interfaces. For instance, developing biomarker models from high-throughput data is a type of analysis that can be expressed more succinctly with specialized user interfaces. Here, we show how Language Workbench (LW) technology can be used to model the biomarker development and validation process. We developed a language that models the concepts of Dataset, Endpoint, Feature Selection Method and Classifier. These high-level language concepts map directly to abstractions that analysts who develop biomarker models are familiar with. We found that user interfaces developed in the Meta-Programming System (MPS) LW provide convenient means to configure a biomarker development project, to train models and view the validation statistics. We discuss several advantages of developing user interfaces for data analysis with a LW, including increased interface consistency, portability and extension by language composition. The language developed during this experiment is distributed as an MPS plugin (available at http://campagnelab.org/software/bdval-for-mps/). PMID:25755929

  15. Language workbench user interfaces for data analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Victoria M; Campagne, Fabien

    2015-01-01

    Biological data analysis is frequently performed with command line software. While this practice provides considerable flexibility for computationally savy individuals, such as investigators trained in bioinformatics, this also creates a barrier to the widespread use of data analysis software by investigators trained as biologists and/or clinicians. Workflow systems such as Galaxy and Taverna have been developed to try and provide generic user interfaces that can wrap command line analysis software. These solutions are useful for problems that can be solved with workflows, and that do not require specialized user interfaces. However, some types of analyses can benefit from custom user interfaces. For instance, developing biomarker models from high-throughput data is a type of analysis that can be expressed more succinctly with specialized user interfaces. Here, we show how Language Workbench (LW) technology can be used to model the biomarker development and validation process. We developed a language that models the concepts of Dataset, Endpoint, Feature Selection Method and Classifier. These high-level language concepts map directly to abstractions that analysts who develop biomarker models are familiar with. We found that user interfaces developed in the Meta-Programming System (MPS) LW provide convenient means to configure a biomarker development project, to train models and view the validation statistics. We discuss several advantages of developing user interfaces for data analysis with a LW, including increased interface consistency, portability and extension by language composition. The language developed during this experiment is distributed as an MPS plugin (available at http://campagnelab.org/software/bdval-for-mps/). PMID:25755929

  16. COMPARE USABILITY AND SECURITY OF GRAPHICAL USER AUTHENTICATION APPROACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radhika?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, authentication technology is the main measure to guarantee information security, and the most common and convenient authentication method in use is the alphanumeric password. However, their inherent defects led to the development of graphical password as an alternative. Graphical password which uses images as passwords, rather than alphanumeric characters is motivated particularly by the fact that it is generally easier for users to remember and recall images than words, and it is conceivable that graphical password would be able to provide better security than alphanumeric password. Authentication, authorization and auditing are the most important issues of security on data communication. In particular, authentication is the life of every individual essential closest friend. The user authentication security is dependent on the strength of user password. A secure password is usually random, strange, very long and difficult to remember. For most users, remember these irregular passwords are very difficult. To easily remember and security are two sides of one coin. Graphical password authentication technology is the use of click on the image to replace input some characters. The graphical user interface can help user easy to create and remember their secure passwords. However, in the graphical password system based on images can provide an alternative password, but too many images will be a large database to store issue. In this thesis, a study of various schemes of graphical user authentication is made and also several challenges in graphical authentication are discussed.

  17. Security Analysis of the Swedish Road User Charging System

    OpenAIRE

    Carlsson, Bengt; Boldt, Martin

    2008-01-01

    A security analysis based on probabilities, consequences and costs resulted in a priority ranking for physical, logical and human threats for the proposed Swedish road user charging system using a smartcard solution. Countermeasures are described as top prioritized, highly prioritized, average prioritized and low prioritized and compared to operational errors. Logical countermeasures like encryption and local buffering are most cost efficient to implement and different...

  18. Evaluation of Microblog Users’ Influence Based on PageRank and Users Behavior Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lijuan Huang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the uses’ influences on microblog. At first, according to the social network theory, we present an analysis of information transmitting network structure based on the relationship of following and followed phenomenon of microblog users. Informed by the microblog user behavior analysis, the paper also addresses a model for calculating weights of users’ influence. It proposes a U-R model, using which we can evaluate users’ influence based on PageRank algorithms and analyzes user behaviors. In the U-R model, the effect of user behaviors is explored and PageRank is applied to evaluate the importance and the influence of every user in a microblog network by repeatedly iterating their own U-R value. The users’ influences in a microblog network can be ranked by the U-R value. Finally, the validity of U-R model is proved with a real-life numerical example.

  19. CONPAS 1.0 (CONtainment Performance Analysis System). User's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CONPAS (CONtainment Performance Analysis System) is a verified computer code package to integrate the numerical, graphical, and results-operation aspects of Level 2 probabilistic safety assessments (PSA) for nuclear power plants automatically under a PC window environment. Compared with the existing DOS-based computer codes for Level 2 PSA, the most important merit of the window-based computer code is that user can easily describe and quantify the accident progression models, and manipulate the resultant outputs in a variety of ways. As a main logic for accident progression analysis, CONPAS employs a concept of the small containment phenomenological event tree (CPET) helpful to trace out visually individual accident progressions and of the large supporting event tree (LSET) for its detailed quantification. For the integrated analysis of Level 2 PSA, the code utilizes four distinct, but closely related modules; (1) ET Editor for construction of several event tree models describing the accident progressions, (2) Computer for quantification of the constructed event trees and graphical display of the resultant outputs, (3) Text Editor for preparation of input decks for quanification and utilization of calculational results, and (4) Mechanistic Code Plotter for utilization of results obtained from severe accident analysis codes. Compared with other existing computer codes for Level 2 PSA, the CONPAS code provides several advanced features: computational aspects including systematic uncertainty analysis, importance analysis, sensitivity analysis and data interpretation, reporting aspects including tabling and graphic as well as user-friend interface. 10 refs. (Author) .new

  20. Semantic compared cross impact analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Thorleuchter, Dirk; Den Poel, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    The aim of cross impact analysis (CIA) is to predict the impact of a first event on a second. For organizations strategic planning, it is helpful to identify the impacts among organizations internal events and to compare these impacts to the corresponding impacts of external events from organizations competitors. For this, literature has introduced compared cross impact analysis (CCIA) that depicts advantages and disadvantages of the relationships between organizations events to the relations...

  1. Comparative Analysis of University Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Tiffany Allen; ?sra ?rturan, ?.; Natasha Brison

    2012-01-01

    The authors compare collegiate sports governance in Turkey and the United States using comparative analysis techniques. Using the U.S. National Collegiate Athletic Association as a model, the authors evaluate structural and political aspects of the Turkish University Sports Federation to identify new potentialities for its growth and for the support of collegiate sports within Turkey.

  2. Social network based microblog user behavior analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Qiang; Wu, Lianren; Zheng, Lan

    2013-04-01

    The influence of microblog on information transmission is becoming more and more obvious. By characterizing the behavior of following and being followed as out-degree and in-degree respectively, a microblog social network was built in this paper. It was found to have short diameter of connected graph, short average path length and high average clustering coefficient. The distributions of out-degree, in-degree and total number of microblogs posted present power-law characters. The exponent of total number distribution of microblogs is negatively correlated with the degree of each user. With the increase of degree, the exponent decreases much slower. Based on empirical analysis, we proposed a social network based human dynamics model in this paper, and pointed out that inducing drive and spontaneous drive lead to the behavior of posting microblogs. The simulation results of our model match well with practical situation.

  3. Factors affecting mobile users' switching intentions: a comparative study between the brazilian and german markets

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo C., Martins; Luis Fernando, Hor-Meyll; Jorge Brantes, Ferreira.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In the competitive wireless market, there are many drivers behind customer defection. Switching barriers, service performance, perceived value in carriers' offers, satisfaction and other constructs can play a pivotal role in customer switching processes among carriers. This study attempts to compare [...] the influence of these factors, taking into account cultural similarities and dissimilarities, between Brazilian and German mobile users. A survey was conducted on two samples, comprising 202 users in Brazil and 200 users in Germany, with culture being employed as a context variable to compare their behavior. Analysis by means of multi-group structural equation modeling suggests that, in both countries, customer satisfaction, service performance and perceived value have important roles in defining customer switching intentions, while switching barriers did not prove to have significant effects upon switching behavior. The results also suggest that the two cultures are sufficiently similar (considering the sample and the variables involved in the model) to not present differences in the studied consumer behavior, except for the effect of service performance upon satisfaction.

  4. Factors Affecting Mobile Users’ Switching Intentions: A Comparative Study between the Brazilian and German Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo C. Martins

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the competitive wireless market, there are many drivers behind customer defection. Switching barriers, service performance, perceived value in carriers’ offers, satisfaction and other constructs can play a pivotal role in customer switching processes among carriers. This study attempts to compare the influence of these factors, taking into account cultural similarities and dissimilarities, between Brazilian and German mobile users. A survey was conducted on two samples, comprising 202 users in Brazil and 200 users in Germany, with culture being employed as a context variable to compare their behavior. Analysis by means of multi-group structural equation modeling suggests that, in both countries, customer satisfaction, service performance and perceived value have important roles in defining customer switching intentions, while switching barriers did not prove to have significant effects upon switching behavior. The results also suggest that the two cultures are sufficientlysimilar (considering the sample and the variables involved in the model to not present differences in the studied consumer behavior, except for the effect of service performance upon satisfaction.

  5. User controlled analysis of gamma ray spectra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The program 'ANGES' was designed as a general purpose high-resolution ? ray spectrometry program. It offers all main features as commercial software packages except control of acquisition process. The program is able to perform automatic analysis of spectra but it is announced as 'user controlled' because it supplies all intermediate results and gives the opportunity these results to be analyzed and corrected by the user. ANGES offers: multi document Windows interface; detailed visualization of spectra; nuclide library based on another contribution to CRP; energy and FWHM calibrations calculated by means of orthonormal polynomial fitting; peak processing engine based on a non-linear LSQ method for fitting peaks; peak location engine, based on first derivative method is provided to ease the preparation of a spectrum for processing; two methods for efficiency calibration (an efficiency calibration curve and reference table); peak identification and activity calculation procedure; a number of corrections (true coincidence summing, background correction, pile up rejection and so on); an option for processing series of similar spectra. The fitting procedure can be applied to the whole spectrum or to a single Region-of-Interest (ROI). The assumed peak shape is pure Gaussian. All peaks in single ROI are assumed to have the same FWHM. The maximum number of peaks in a single ROI is restricted to 25, the maximum ROI length is 512 channels, and the baseline is described with a polynomial of a degree up to 4. As a result of the identification procedure a report file is issued containing spectrum processing results, list of identified and not identified peaks, list of identified nuclides and background nuclides. (author)

  6. Web Sites that Compare Loans Gain Users, Lose Lenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Ingrid

    2008-01-01

    Web sites that allow borrowers to compare student loans proliferated in the wake of last year's scandals that exposed conflicts of interest in the lending industry. Now the credit crunch is shifting demand for loan-comparison sites again, providing both new challenges and opportunities. More financial-aid officers are also pointing their students…

  7. Supporting the habit: income generation activities of frequent crack users compared with frequent users of other hard drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, J C; Johnson, B D; Davis, W R; Liberty, H J

    2001-10-01

    US Federal sentencing guidelines punish possession of crack cocaine very differently from powder cocaine, based partially upon the assumption that crack users engage more frequently in criminal behavior to pay for their habit. This article analyzed frequent users (those who have used at least 15 of the last 30 days) of crack with subgroups of less frequent hard drug users in terms of various income generation activities reported during the past 30 days. The sample consists of 602 African-Americans who were current (in past 30 days) users or sellers of cocaine powder, crack, and heroin. They were carefully recruited from randomly selected blocks in the Central Harlem area of New York City and interviewed extensively in 1998-1999. Their IGAs were classified into six categories. Compared with not-frequent (less than 15 days) hard drug users, frequent crack and multiple hard drug users were equally likely to be involved in drug distribution activities, but were significantly less likely to have full-time jobs, part-time jobs, aid to families with dependent children or welfare support. They had much higher odds ratios for non-drug related illegal (theft mainly) income generation activities and sex work among women. Often, gender and birth cohort variables had higher odds ratios with specific income generation activities than the frequent use of the primary drug(s). This evidence suggests that very frequent crack users have been stigmatized by, are largely excluded from, and perform very marginal economic roles in the legal economic system (jobs and welfare), the illegal economic system, and even in the hard drug distribution system. PMID:11543989

  8. Analysis of user profile in social networks

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Ada?o Carlos Fernandes

    2013-01-01

    With this work it is intended to create / identify user profiles through their actions on social networks. This identification is to determine, in a specific way, which profile each user has, linking between the following dimensions and their sets of variables: sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, education, situation before the economic activity indicator and occupational class) the specific type of aggregate practices conducted over the internet (study, work, services, search f...

  9. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model

  10. User-definable bull's-eye database analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed a type of bull's-eye analysis which facilitates user-defined processing, and then explored the effects of various types of processing on the comparisons of patient information with that of reference databases. Male and female bull's-eye database were generated from 32 normal patients using unweighted 2D prefiltering, ramp backprojection, unweighted 3D postfiltering, and peak value circumferential plotting (base method). The data from each patient were then reprocessed and compared to the databases by means of three different approaches: (1) using the base method, (2) using average as opposed to peak value profiles, and (3) using a resolution recovery prefilter instead of a smoothing prefilter. Significant differences in the number of apparently abnormal regions were found between the three methods. In other words, the type of SPET-processing affected the accuracy of comparisons between patient and database information. Because even sophisticated analysis can now be performed on personal computers, we conclude that, rather than a pre-processed data file, clinical ''normal reference'' information should consist of original SPET data from a series of documented normal patients. Each user could then generate reference bull's-eye database by applying his or her own clinical processing procedures to the data. (orig./MG)

  11. FPGA Based OM Analysis of User Authentication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Bharathi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays inter-disciplinary research studies are emerging rapidly to improve the effective usage of individual domains. This study integrates User Authentication, Opinion Mining (OM and Field programmable Gate Array (FPGA. It is a good practice for any organization to get the opinion of their employees before implementing a new mechanism. This study deals about getting opinions from employees about a variety of entry and exit securities and processing to have decision support information. The user satisfaction opinions and organization’s affordability are analyzed for obtaining better authentication mechanism to prevent unauthorized entries. Since opinion mining process involves processing of large corpus, the objective of this study is to combine FPGA and thereby increasing the efficiency and performance of the system speed.

  12. FPGA Based OM Analysis of User Authentication

    OpenAIRE

    Bharathi, N.; Brindha, G. R.; Santhi, B.; Neelamegam, P.

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays inter-disciplinary research studies are emerging rapidly to improve the effective usage of individual domains. This study integrates User Authentication, Opinion Mining (OM) and Field programmable Gate Array (FPGA). It is a good practice for any organization to get the opinion of their employees before implementing a new mechanism. This study deals about getting opinions from employees about a variety of entry and exit securities and processing to ...

  13. Composing user models through logic analysis.

    OpenAIRE

    Bergeron, B. P.; Shiffman, R. N.; Rouse, R. L.; Greenes, R. A.

    1991-01-01

    The evaluation of tutorial strategies, interface designs, and courseware content is an area of active research in the medical education community. Many of the evaluation techniques that have been developed (e.g., program instrumentation), commonly produce data that are difficult to decipher or to interpret effectively. We have explored the use of decision tables to automatically simplify and categorize data for the composition of user models--descriptions of student's learning styles and pref...

  14. The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer Program (RSAC-5) calculates the consequences of the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. Using a personal computer, a user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or nuclear criticalities. RSAC-5 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated through the inhalation, immersion, ground surface, and ingestion pathways. RSAC+, a menu-driven companion program to RSAC-5, assists users in creating and running RSAC-5 input files. This user's manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-5 and RSAC+. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-5 and RSAC+. These programs are designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods

  15. Reinforcing user data analysis with Ganga in the LHC era: scalability, monitoring and user-support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmsheuser, Johannes; Brochu, Frederic; Dzhunov, Ivan; Ebke, Johannes; Egede, Ulrik; Jha, Manoj Kumar; Kokoszkiewicz, Lukasz; Lee, Hurng-Chun; Maier, Andrew; Mo?cicki, Jakub; München, Tim; Reece, Will; Samset, Bjorn; Slater, Mark; Tuckett, David; Vanderster, Daniel; Williams, Michael

    2011-12-01

    Ganga is a grid job submission and management system widely used in the ATLAS and LHCb experiments and several other communities in the context of the EGEE project. The particle physics communities have entered the LHC operation era which brings new challenges for user data analysis: a strong growth in the number of users and jobs is already noticeable. Current work in the Ganga project is focusing on dealing with these challenges. In recent Ganga releases the support for the pilot job based grid systems Panda and Dirac of the ATLAS and LHCb experiment respectively have been strengthened. A more scalable job repository architecture, which allows efficient storage of many thousands of jobs in XML or several database formats, was recently introduced. A better integration with monitoring systems, including the Dashboard and job execution monitor systems is underway. These will provide comprehensive and easy job monitoring. A simple to use error reporting tool integrated at the Ganga command-line will help to improve user support and debugging user problems. Ganga is a mature, stable and widely-used tool with long-term support from the HEP community. We report on how it is being constantly improved following the user needs for faster and easier distributed data analysis on the grid.

  16. Reinforcing user data analysis with Ganga in the LHC era: scalability, monitoring and user-support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ganga is a grid job submission and management system widely used in the ATLAS and LHCb experiments and several other communities in the context of the EGEE project. The particle physics communities have entered the LHC operation era which brings new challenges for user data analysis: a strong growth in the number of users and jobs is already noticeable. Current work in the Ganga project is focusing on dealing with these challenges. In recent Ganga releases the support for the pilot job based grid systems Panda and Dirac of the ATLAS and LHCb experiment respectively have been strengthened. A more scalable job repository architecture, which allows efficient storage of many thousands of jobs in XML or several database formats, was recently introduced. A better integration with monitoring systems, including the Dashboard and job execution monitor systems is underway. These will provide comprehensive and easy job monitoring. A simple to use error reporting tool integrated at the Ganga command-line will help to improve user support and debugging user problems. Ganga is a mature, stable and widely-used tool with long-term support from the HEP community. We report on how it is being constantly improved following the user needs for faster and easier distributed data analysis on the grid.

  17. Toxic gas accident analysis code user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the offsite hazards which could threaten the safety of a nuclear power plant is nearby transportation accidents involving releases of toxic gases or volatile liquids. Significant releases of such materials could endanger the plant through incapacitation of control room personnel. An interactive computer program has been developed to aid in the evaluation of control room habitability for these accidents. The first part of the program can be used to study the time history of toxic material concentrations in the control room under varying external conditions, all of which can be specified by the user. The second part estimates the annual probability of operator incapacitation at a particular plant due to nearby accidents on roads or rail lines, or at storage sites. A data base manager is provided so that all data (site and route layouts, plant characteristics, meteorological data, and chemical data) can be entered and maintained in a convenient format. The program was developed for use on CDC computers using the NOS time-sharing system

  18. An Analysis of User Attitudes to SNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsuyoshi Aburai

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Social Networking Service (SNS have become widely used in Japan in recent years with Facebook, mixi and Twitter being the most popular. These are used in various fields of life together with the convenient devices such as smart-phones. A questionnaire investigation was used to clarify the current usage condition, issues and desired function etc. Information for marketing purposes was then extracted. Fundamental Statistical Analysis, Multi Corresponding Analysis, Quantitative Analysis and Text Minig Analysis were then performed. Reviewing past research, there are some related papers, but they do not include new tools which are evolving rapidly. Moreover there has been little research conducted on this precise topic. Some interesting results were obtained.

  19. Relay Selection and Performance Analysis in Multiple-User Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Atapattu, Saman; Jiang, Hai; Tellambura, Chintha

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the relay selection (RS) problem in networks with multiple users and multiple common amplify-and-forward (AF) relays. Considering the overall quality-of-service of the network, we first specify our definition of optimal RS for multiple-user relay networks. Then an optimal RS (ORS) algorithm is provided, which is a straightforward extension of an RS scheme in the literature that maximizes the minimum end-to-end receive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of all users. The complexity of the ORS is quadratic in both the number of users and the number of relays. Then a suboptimal RS (SRS) scheme is proposed, which has linear complexity in the number of relays and quadratic complexity in the number of users. Furthermore, diversity orders of both the ORS and the proposed SRS are theoretically derived and compared with those of a naive RS scheme and the single-user RS network. It is shown that the ORS achieves full diversity; while the diversity order of the SRS decreases with the the number of users...

  20. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester parameters be held and managed in a single managed data repository, while allows users to customize standard values and perform individual analysis. Server-based calculations can be easily extended, versions and upgrades managed, and any changes are immediately available to all users. This user manual describes how to use and/or modify input database tables, run DANA, view and modify reports.

  1. Primary User Emulation Attacks Analysis for Cognitive Radio Networks Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shan-Shan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive Radio Network is an effective technology and a hot research direction which can solve the problem of deficient resource and revolutionize utilization. And its safety technology attracts more and more researches. Primary user emulation attacks (PUEAs are typically easy and largely affecting. PUEAs come from both malicious misbehavior secondary users (MMUs and selfish misbehavior secondary users (SMUs. The former is studied much more deeply than the later one. Distinguishing MMU and SMU, we propose a Four Dimensional Continuous Time Markov Chain model to analyze the communication performance of normal secondary users under PUEAs, and typically affected by SMUs. Furthermore, we compare several PUEA detection schemes. The emulation results indicate that the SMU detection mechanism is essential for the PUEA detection schemes, which can improve the detection effects largely.

  2. GRAFLAB 2.3 for UNIX - A MATLAB database, plotting, and analysis tool: User`s guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunn, W.N.

    1998-03-01

    This report is a user`s manual for GRAFLAB, which is a new database, analysis, and plotting package that has been written entirely in the MATLAB programming language. GRAFLAB is currently used for data reduction, analysis, and archival. GRAFLAB was written to replace GRAFAID, which is a FORTRAN database, analysis, and plotting package that runs on VAX/VMS.

  3. Conversation Analysis and the User Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Woodruff, Allison; Aoki, Paul M.

    2004-01-01

    We provide two case studies in the application of ideas drawn from conversation analysis to the design of technologies that enhance the experience of human conversation. We first present a case study of the design of an electronic guidebook, focusing on how conversation analytic principles played a role in the design process. We then discuss how the guidebook project has inspired our continuing work in social, mobile audio spaces. In particular, we describe some as yet unrea...

  4. Sociological analysis and comparative education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woock, Roger R.

    1981-12-01

    It is argued that comparative education is essentially a derivative field of study, in that it borrows theories and methods from academic disciplines. After a brief humanistic phase, in which history and philosophy were central for comparative education, sociology became an important source. In the mid-50's and 60's, sociology in the United States was characterised by Structural Functionalism as a theory, and Social Survey as a dominant methodology. Both were incorporated into the development of comparative education. Increasingly in the 70's, and certainly today, the new developments in sociology are characterised by an attack on Positivism, which is seen as the philosophical position underlying both functionalism and survey methods. New or re-discovered theories with their attendant methodologies included Marxism, Phenomenological Sociology, Critical Theory, and Historical Social Science. The current relationship between comparative education and social science is one of uncertainty, but since social science is seen to be returning to its European roots, the hope is held out for the development of an integrated social theory and method which will provide a much stronger basis for developments in comparative education.

  5. User`s manual of a support system for human reliability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokobayashi, Masao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Tamura, Kazuo

    1995-10-01

    Many kinds of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been developed. However, users are required to be skillful so as to use them, and also required complicated works such as drawing event tree (ET) and calculation of uncertainty bounds. Moreover, each method is not so complete that only one method of them is not enough to evaluate human reliability. Therefore, a personal computer (PC) based support system for HRA has been developed to execute HRA practically and efficiently. The system consists of two methods, namely, simple method and detailed one. The former uses ASEP that is a simplified THERP-technique, and combined method of OAT and HRA-ET/DeBDA is used for the latter. Users can select a suitable method for their purpose. Human error probability (HEP) data were collected and a database of them was built to use for the support system. This paper describes outline of the HRA methods, support functions and user`s guide of the system. (author).

  6. Residence time distribution software analysis. User's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiotracer applications cover a wide range of industrial activities in chemical and metallurgical processes, water treatment, mineral processing, environmental protection and civil engineering. Experiment design, data acquisition, treatment and interpretation are the basic elements of tracer methodology. The application of radiotracers to determine impulse response as RTD as well as the technical conditions for conducting experiments in industry and in the environment create a need for data processing using special software. Important progress has been made during recent years in the preparation of software programs for data treatment and interpretation. The software package developed for industrial process analysis and diagnosis by the stimulus-response methods contains all the methods for data processing for radiotracer experiments

  7. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NUMBER PORTABILITY ROUTING SCHEMES

    OpenAIRE

    Suman Deswal; Anita Singhrova

    2014-01-01

    To reap the benefits of liberalized telecom market, th e implementation of number portability (NP) is utmo st important. NP allows end user to retain their telep hone number in case of change of geographical locat ion or service type or service provider. This paper des cribes the various number portability routing schem es namely, All Call Query, Query on Release, Call Drop back and Onward routing. The comparative analysis between these routing schemes on v...

  8. Breath analysis: clinical research to the end-user market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, T

    2011-09-01

    Breath research is now well established and is solving some of the applications in the area of identifying volatiles for medical diagnosis. This paper looks at how this research has been taken to an end-user market. It is not intended to be an indepth study of the science but simply to draw attention to the role of the commercial link between the researcher and end-user. This market is not only in research but exists in hospitals, clinics, sports medicine and even homecare. The link between research and the end-user market is a vital one to avoid breath analysis being the tool of researchers only. The ubiquitous use of breath analysis depends upon it. This is a review of some of the success stories in commercializing the important breath analysis research that has been conducted over the last few decades. In order to make breath analysis the new blood test, products that have end-user appeal need to be developed and routes to market established. PMID:21896972

  9. Factors Affecting Mobile Users’ Switching Intentions: A Comparative Study between the Brazilian and German Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Rodrigo C.; Luis Fernando Hor-Meyll; Jorge Brantes Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    In the competitive wireless market, there are many drivers behind customer defection. Switching barriers, service performance, perceived value in carriers’ offers, satisfaction and other constructs can play a pivotal role in customer switching processes among carriers. This study attempts to compare the influence of these factors, taking into account cultural similarities and dissimilarities, between Brazilian and German mobile users. A survey was conducted on two samples, comprising 202 us...

  10. Users' guide to CACECO containment analysis code. [LMFBR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peak, R.D.

    1979-06-01

    The CACECO containment analysis code was developed to predict the thermodynamic responses of LMFBR containment facilities to a variety of accidents. The code is included in the National Energy Software Center Library at Argonne National Laboratory as Program No. 762. This users' guide describes the CACECO code and its data input requirements. The code description covers the many mathematical models used and the approximations used in their solution. The descriptions are detailed to the extent that the user can modify the code to suit his unique needs, and, indeed, the reader is urged to consider code modification acceptable.

  11. User's operating procedures. Volume 2: Scout project financial analysis program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, C. G.; Haris, D. K.

    1985-01-01

    A review is presented of the user's operating procedures for the Scout Project Automatic Data system, called SPADS. SPADS is the result of the past seven years of software development on a Prime mini-computer located at the Scout Project Office, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. SPADS was developed as a single entry, multiple cross-reference data management and information retrieval system for the automation of Project office tasks, including engineering, financial, managerial, and clerical support. This volume, two (2) of three (3), provides the instructions to operate the Scout Project Financial Analysis program in data retrieval and file maintenance via the user friendly menu drivers.

  12. Comparative analysis of diadochokinetic movements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermsdörfer, J; Marquardt, C; Wack, S; Mai, N

    1999-08-01

    Tests of diadochokinesia are an inherent part of a neurological examination. Various quantifying methods have been proposed to increase the objectivity, sensitivity, and reliability of such examinations. The methods used and analyses performed, however, differ substantially between tasks. We used a three-dimensional, ultrasound-based recording device to continuously record joint angles during three diadochokinetic movements, avoiding any external constraints of the movements. Alternate pronation and supination of the forearm, tapping with the whole hand and with the index finger in isolation were analyzed in a sample of 63 healthy control subjects. The most sensitive measure for capturing effects of gender, sex, and active hand was frequency. The right hand was faster than the left in all tasks, tapping performance declined with increasing age, and male subjects were faster than females in forearm diadochokinesia. Other measures that characterize speed of movement such as maximum angular velocities and accelerations did not yield comparable sensitivity in detecting the same statistical effects. However, angular velocity achieved the highest test-retest reliability for forearm diadochokinesia, while frequency was reproduced in the tapping tasks. Additional measures characterizing symmetry of the angular velocity profiles and intraindividual variability were shown to be largely independent of movement speed. Examples in neurological patients showed that the data define a valuable standard against which pathological performance can be precisely evaluated. In addition, the different measures captured dissociable aspects of motor performance that may further help to characterize the deficit and adjust therapy. PMID:10437981

  13. Performance Analysis of Multiple Antenna Multi-User Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Kazemitabar, Javad

    2008-01-01

    We derive the diversity order of some multiple antenna multi-user cancellation and detection schemes. The common property of these detection methods is the usage of Alamouti and quasi-orthogonal space-time block codes. For detecting $J$ users each having $N$ transmit antennas, these schemes require only $J$ antennas at the receiver. Our analysis shows that when having $M$ receive antennas, the array-processing schemes provide the diversity order of $N(M-J+1)$. In addition, our results prove that regardless of the number of users or receive antennas, when using maximum-likelihood decoding we get the full transmit and receive diversities, i.e. $NM$, similar to the no-interference scenario.

  14. ModelMate - A graphical user interface for model analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banta, Edward R.

    2011-01-01

    ModelMate is a graphical user interface designed to facilitate use of model-analysis programs with models. This initial version of ModelMate supports one model-analysis program, UCODE_2005, and one model software program, MODFLOW-2005. ModelMate can be used to prepare input files for UCODE_2005, run UCODE_2005, and display analysis results. A link to the GW_Chart graphing program facilitates visual interpretation of results. ModelMate includes capabilities for organizing directories used with the parallel-processing capabilities of UCODE_2005 and for maintaining files in those directories to be identical to a set of files in a master directory. ModelMate can be used on its own or in conjunction with ModelMuse, a graphical user interface for MODFLOW-2005 and PHAST.

  15. Development of output user interface software to support analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data processing software packages such as VSOP and MCNPX are softwares that has been scientifically proven and complete. The result of VSOP and MCNPX are huge and complex text files. In the analyze process, user need additional processing like Microsoft Excel to show informative result. This research develop an user interface software for output of VSOP and MCNPX. VSOP program output is used to support neutronic analysis and MCNPX program output is used to support burn-up analysis. Software development using iterative development methods which allow for revision and addition of features according to user needs. Processing time with this software 500 times faster than with conventional methods using Microsoft Excel. PYTHON is used as a programming language, because Python is available for all major operating systems: Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, among others. Values that support neutronic analysis are k-eff, burn-up and mass Pu239 and Pu241. Burn-up analysis used the mass inventory values of actinide (Thorium, Plutonium, Neptunium and Uranium). Values are visualized in graphical shape to support analysis

  16. Development of output user interface software to support analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wahanani, Nursinta Adi, E-mail: sintaadi@batan.go.id; Natsir, Khairina, E-mail: sintaadi@batan.go.id; Hartini, Entin, E-mail: sintaadi@batan.go.id [Center for Development of Nuclear Informatics - National Nuclear Energy Agency, PUSPIPTEK, Serpong, Tangerang, Banten (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30

    Data processing software packages such as VSOP and MCNPX are softwares that has been scientifically proven and complete. The result of VSOP and MCNPX are huge and complex text files. In the analyze process, user need additional processing like Microsoft Excel to show informative result. This research develop an user interface software for output of VSOP and MCNPX. VSOP program output is used to support neutronic analysis and MCNPX program output is used to support burn-up analysis. Software development using iterative development methods which allow for revision and addition of features according to user needs. Processing time with this software 500 times faster than with conventional methods using Microsoft Excel. PYTHON is used as a programming language, because Python is available for all major operating systems: Windows, Linux/Unix, OS/2, Mac, Amiga, among others. Values that support neutronic analysis are k-eff, burn-up and mass Pu{sup 239} and Pu{sup 241}. Burn-up analysis used the mass inventory values of actinide (Thorium, Plutonium, Neptunium and Uranium). Values are visualized in graphical shape to support analysis.

  17. Rent control: a comparative analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S, Maass.

    Full Text Available Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders - and consequential homelessness - on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do [...] not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socioeconomic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease should not be imposed in an absolutist fashion but rather place a

  18. RENT CONTROL: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sue-Mari Maass

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders – and consequential homelessness – on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do not have access to alternative accommodation. In terms of the Constitution, this group of marginalised tenants have a constitutional right of access to adequate housing and a right to occupy land with legally secure tenure. The purpose of this article is to critically analyse a number of legislative interventions, and specifically rent control, that were imposed in various jurisdictions in order to provide strengthened tenure protection for tenants. The rationale for this analysis is to determine whether the current South African landlord-tenant regime is able to provide adequate tenure protection for vulnerable tenants and therefore in the process of transforming in line with the Constitution. The legal construction of rent control was adopted in pre-1994 South Africa, England and New York City to provide substantive tenure protection for tenants during housing shortages. These statutory interventions in the different private rental markets were justified on the basis that there was a general need to protect tenants against exploitation by landlords. However, the justification for the persistent imposition of rent control in New York City is different since it protects a minority group of financially weak tenants against homelessness. The English landlord-tenant regime highlights the importance of a well-structured social sector that can provide secure, long-term housing options for low-income households who are struggling to access the private rental sector. Additionally, the English rental housing framework shows that if the social sector is functioning as a "safety net" for low-income households, the private sector would be able to uphold deregulation. In light of these comparisons and the fact that the South African social sector is not functioning optimally yet, the question is whether the South African private sector is able to provide the required level of tenure protection for struggling tenants. Recent case law shows that tenants are at liberty to lodge unfair practice complaints with the Rental Housing Tribunals on the basis that the landlords' ground for termination of the lease constitutes an unfair practice. The Court defined an unfair practice as a practice that unreasonably prejudices the tenants' rights or interests. This judicial development signifies some transformation in the private sector since it allows the Tribunals to scrutinise landlords' reasons for termination of tenancies in light of tenants' personal and socio-economic circumstances. The Tribunals are therefore empowered to weigh the interests of both parties and decide whether to confirm termination of the lease or set aside such termination. In light of this recent development, the Tribunals can provide strengthened tenure protection for destitute tenants on a case by case basis, which incorporates a flexible context-sensitive approach to the provision of secure housing rights in the landlord-tenant framework. This methodology is similar to the German approach. Even though this judicial development is welcomed, it raises some concerns with regard to landlords' property rights and specifically landlords' constitutional property rights since Tribunals are now at liberty to set aside contractually agreed grounds for termination of leases without any statutory guidance. The legislation fails to provide any information regarding legitimate grounds for termination, which might have to be rectified in future. The grounds listed in the rent control legislation should serve as a starting point to determine which grounds for termination of a lease should generally be upheld. However, German landlord-tenant law shows that a statutory ground for termination of a lease should not be imposed in an absolutist fashion but rather place a

  19. Reactor safety analysis computer program features that enhance user productivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes several design features of the MARY computer program that increase user productivity. The MARY program was used to analyze behavior of the Savannah River Site (SRS) K Reactor during postulated nuclear and thermal-hydraulic transients, such as overpower and underflow events, before K Reactor was placed in cold standby in 1993. These analyses provide the bases for portions of the accident chapter of the K-Reactor Safety Analysis Report

  20. Single and Multiple Hand Gesture Recognition Systems: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddharth Rautaray

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available With the evolution of higher computing speed, efficient communication technologies, and advanced display techniques the legacy HCI techniques become obsolete and are no more helpful in accurate and fast flow of information in present day computing devices. Hence the need of user friendly human machine interfaces for real time interfaces for human computer interaction have to be designed and developed to make the man machine interaction more intuitive and user friendly. The vision based hand gesture recognition affords users with the ability to interact with computers in more natural and intuitive ways. These gesture recognition systems generally consist of three main modules like hand segmentation, hand tracking and gesture recognition from hand features, designed using different image processing techniques which are further integrated with different applications. An increase use of new interfaces based on hand gesture recognition designed to cope up with the computing devices for interaction. This paper is an effort to provide a comparative analysis between such real time vision based hand gesture recognition systems which are based on interaction using single and multiple hand gestures. Single hand gesture based recognition systems (SHGRS have fewer complexes to implement, with a constraint to the count of different gestures which is large enough with various permutations and combinations of gesture, which is possible with multiple hands in multiple hand gesture recognition systems (MHGRS. The thorough comparative analysis has been done on various other vital parameters for the recognition systems.

  1. Elevated impulsivity and impaired decision-making in abstinent Ecstasy (MDMA) users compared to polydrug and drug-naive controls.

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan, Mj; Impallomeni, Lc; Pirona, A.; Rogers, Rd

    2006-01-01

    Ecstasy (MDMA; 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) has a well-recognized neurotoxic effect on central serotonergic (5-HT) systems in animals, and there is some evidence of persistent serotonergic dysregulation in human ecstasy users. Serotonin is believed to mediate impulsive behavior and effective decision-making. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate impulsive behavior and decision-making in abstinent regular ecstasy users. Three groups were compared: 'ecstasy users' (recreat...

  2. User's manual for the Composite HTGR Analysis Program (CHAP-1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CHAP-1 is the first release version of an HTGR overall plant simulation program with both steady-state and transient solution capabilities. It consists of a model-independent systems analysis program and a collection of linked modules, each representing one or more components of the HTGR plant. Detailed instructions on the operation of the code and detailed descriptions of the HTGR model are provided. Information is also provided to allow the user to easily incorporate additional component modules, to modify or replace existing modules, or to incorporate a completely new simulation model into the CHAP systems analysis framework

  3. Reinforcing User Data Analysis with Ganga in the LHC Era: Scalability, Monitoring and User-support

    CERN Document Server

    Brochu, F; The ATLAS collaboration; Ebke, J; Egede, U; Elmsheuser, J; Jha, M K; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Lee, H C; Maier, A; Moscicki, J; Munchen, T; Reece, W; Samset, B; Slater, M; Tuckett, D; Van der Ster, D; Williams, M

    2010-01-01

    Ganga is a grid job submission and management system widely used in the ATLAS and LHCb experiments and several other communities in the context of the EGEE project. The particle physics communities have entered the LHC operation era which brings new challenges for user data analysis: a strong growth in the number of users and jobs is already noticable. Current work in the Ganga project is focusing on dealing with these challenges. In recent Ganga releases the support for the pilot job based grid systems Panda and Dirac of the ATLAS and LHCb experiment respectively have been strengthened. A more scalable job repository architecture, which allows efficient storage of many thousands of jobs in XML or several database formats, was recently introduced. A better integration with monitoring systems, including the Dashboard and job execution monitor systems is underway. These will provide comprehensive and easy job monitoring. A simple to use error reporting tool integrated at the Ganga command-line will help to impr...

  4. Strategic Analysis of Trust Models for User-Centric Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Kwiatkowska

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a strategic analysis of a trust model that has recently been proposed for promoting cooperative behaviour in user-centric networks. The mechanism for cooperation is based on a combination of reputation and virtual currency schemes in which service providers reward paying customers and punish non-paying ones by adjusting their reputation, and hence the price they pay for services. We model and analyse this system using PRISM-games, a tool that performs automated verification and strategy synthesis for stochastic multi-player games using the probabilistic alternating-time temporal logic with rewards (rPATL. We construct optimal strategies for both service users and providers, which expose potential risks of the cooperation mechanism and which we use to devise improvements that counteract these risks.

  5. GPP user`s guide - a general-purpose postprocessor for wind turbine data analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buhl, Jr, M L

    1995-01-01

    GPP (pronounced {open_quotes}jeep{close_quotes}) is a General-Purpose Postprocessor for wind turbine data analysis. The author, a member of the Wind Technology Division (WTD) of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), developed GPP to postprocess test data and simulation predictions. GPP reads data into large arrays and allows the user to run many types of analyses on the data stored in memory. It runs on inexpensive computers common in the wind industry. One can even use it on a laptop in the field. The author wrote the program in such a way as to make it easy to add new types of analyses and to port it to many types of computers. Although GPP is very powerful and feature-rich, it is still very easy to learn and to use. Exhaustive error trapping prevents one from losing valuable work due to input errors. GPP will, hopefully, make a significant impact on engineering productivity in the wind industry.

  6. Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP): User`s guide. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    VanKuiken, J.C.; Willing, D.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1994-07-01

    A microcomputer program called the Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP) has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in determining the replacement energy costs associated with short-term shutdowns or deratings of one or more nuclear reactors. The calculations are based on the seasonal, unit-specific cost estimates for 1993--1996 previously published in NRC Report NUREG/CR--4012, Vol. 3 (1992), for all 112 US reactors. Because the RECAP program is menu-driven, the user can define specific case studies in terms of such parameters as the units to be included, the length and timing of the shutdown or derating period, the unit capacity factors, and the reference year for reporting cost results. In addition to simultaneous shutdown cases, more complicated situations, such as overlapping shutdown periods or shutdowns that occur in different years, can be examined through the use of a present-worth calculation option.

  7. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NUMBER PORTABILITY ROUTING SCHEMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suman Deswal

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available To reap the benefits of liberalized telecom market, th e implementation of number portability (NP is utmo st important. NP allows end user to retain their telep hone number in case of change of geographical locat ion or service type or service provider. This paper des cribes the various number portability routing schem es namely, All Call Query, Query on Release, Call Drop back and Onward routing. The comparative analysis between these routing schemes on various parameters is presented here. The issues pertaining to NP hav e also been described.

  8. Comparing injection and non-injection routes of administration for heroin, methamphetamine, and cocaine users in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Scott P; Kral, Alex H

    2011-01-01

    Research examining the demographic and substance use characteristics of illicit drug use in the United States has typically failed to consider differences in routes of administration or has exclusively focused on a single route of administration?injection drug use. Data from National Survey on Drug Use and Health were used to compare past-year injection drug users and non-injection drug users' routes of administration of those who use the three drugs most commonly injected in the United States: heroin, methamphetamine, and cocaine. Injection drug users were more likely than those using drugs via other routes to be older (aged 35 and older), unemployed, possess less than a high school education, and reside in rural areas. IDUs also exhibited higher rates of abuse/dependence, perceived need for substance abuse treatment, and co-occurring physical and psychological problems. Fewer differences between IDUs and non-IDUs were observed for heroin users compared with methamphetamine or cocaine users. PMID:21745047

  9. Architecture of collaborating frameworks simulation, visualisation, user interface and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pfeier, A; Ferrero-Merlino, B; Giannitrapani, R; Longo, F; Nieminen, P; Pia, M G; Santin, G

    2001-01-01

    The Anaphe project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments. A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities; on top of these libraries a set of HENP-specific C++ class libraries for histogram management, fitting, plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed. In order to comply with the user requirements for a command-line driven tool, we have chosen to use a scripting language (Python) as the front-end for a data analysis tool. The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant) Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provides an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scripting languages thus allowing for rapid application development. This integration is simplified even further using a specialised toolkit (SWIG) to create "shadow classes" for the Python language, which map the definitio...

  10. Learning Mobile App Design from User Review Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Platzer

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new learning environment for developers of mobile apps that merges two quite different views of the same topic. Creative design and system engineering are core issues in the development process that are based on diverging principles. This new learning environment aims to address both points of view by not suppressing one of them but trying to benefit from both. User review content analysis is introduced as a tool to generate information that is useful for both aspects.

  11. User-friendly software for Moessbauer spectrum analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new user-friendly software for analysis of Moessbauer-spectra has been developed. The program makes use of the advantages provided by the current generation of fast personal computers. An Evolution Algorithm1,2 is used for global search of Moessbauer parameters in order to enhance the reliability of the obtained results. Fitting of Lorentzians, Pseudo-Voigt line profiles, and deriving hyperfine-field distributions including correlations and combinations and Moessbauer Line Sharpening by Fourier transformation provide a wide range of applicability. (author). 20 refs., 7 figs

  12. Motives, barriers and quality evaluation in fish consumption situations : Exploring and comparing heavy and light users in Spain and Belgium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    BrunsØ, Karen; Verbeke, Wim

    2009-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate motives and barriers for eating fish among light users and heavy users, to discuss consumer evaluation of fish quality, and to explore the existence of cross-cultural fish consumer  segments. Design/methodology/approach - Qualitative data were collected through six focus group discussions, three in Spain and three in Belgium. In each country, one group consisted of heavy users while two groups included light users. Findings - The same attitudinal motives and barriers for fish consumption can be found in both countries and across user groups, even though fish consumption levels differ considerably. The main motives for eating fish are health and taste, while the main barriers are price perception, smell when cooking fish, and that fish does not deliver the same level of satiety as compared to meat. Big differences are found between countries and user groups with respect to preparation skills and the use of quality cues. Heavy users are very skilled in evaluating fish quality, especially those in Spain, while light users, especially those in Belgium, make seemingly irrational assumptions when evaluating the quality of fish. Research limitations/implications - This study is based on qualitative focus group discussions in two European countries only. Originality/value - This study explores and compares motives, barriers and quality evaluation among heavy and light fish consumers in two European countries. The paper yields valuable insights for further quantitative research into explaining variations in fish consumption, as well as for fish quality evaluation and fish market segmentation studies.

  13. Comparative analysis of Carnaval II Library

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Carnaval II cross sections library from the french fast reactor calculation system is evaluated in two ways: 10) a comparative analysis of the calculations system for fast reactors at IEN (Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear) using a 'benchmark' model is done; 20) a comparative analysis in relation to the french system itself is also done, using calculations realized with two versions of the french library: the SETR-II and the CARNAVAL IV, the first one being anterior and the second one posterior to the Carnaval II version, the one used by IEN. (Author)

  14. GCtool for fuel cell systems design and analysis : user documentation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahluwalia, R.K.; Geyer, H.K.

    1999-01-15

    GCtool is a comprehensive system design and analysis tool for fuel cell and other power systems. A user can analyze any configuration of component modules and flows under steady-state or dynamic conditions. Component models can be arbitrarily complex in modeling sophistication and new models can be added easily by the user. GCtool also treats arbitrary system constraints over part or all of the system, including the specification of nonlinear objective functions to be minimized subject to nonlinear, equality or inequality constraints. This document describes the essential features of the interpreted language and the window-based GCtool environment. The system components incorporated into GCtool include a gas flow mixer, splitier, heater, compressor, gas turbine, heat exchanger, pump, pipe, diffuser, nozzle, steam drum, feed water heater, combustor, chemical reactor, condenser, fuel cells (proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, phosphoric acid, and molten carbonate), shaft, generator, motor, and methanol steam reformer. Several examples of system analysis at various levels of complexity are presented. Also given are instructions for generating two- and three-dimensional plots of data and the details of interfacing new models to GCtool.

  15. International Reactor Physics Handbook Database and Analysis Tool (IDAT) - IDAT user manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IRPhEP Database and Analysis Tool (IDAT) was first released in 2013 and is included on the DVD. This database and corresponding user interface allows easy access to handbook information. Selected information from each configuration was entered into IDAT, such as the measurements performed, benchmark values, calculated values and materials specifications of the benchmark. In many cases this is supplemented with calculated data such as neutron balance data, spectra data, k-eff nuclear data sensitivities, and spatial reaction rate plots. IDAT accomplishes two main objectives: 1. Allow users to search the handbook for experimental configurations that satisfy their input criteria. 2. Allow users to trend results and identify suitable benchmarks experiments for their application. IDAT provides the user with access to several categories of calculated data, including: - 1-group neutron balance data for each configuration with individual isotope contributions in the reactor system. - Flux and other reaction rates spectra in a 299-group energy scheme. Plotting capabilities were implemented into IDAT allowing the user to compare the spectra of selected configurations in the original fine energy structure or on any user-defined broader energy structure. - Sensitivity coefficients (percent changes of k-effective due to elementary change of basic nuclear data) for the major nuclides and nuclear processes in a 238-group energy structure. IDAT is actively being developed. Those approved to access the online version of the handbook will also have access to an online version of IDAT. As May 2013 marks the first release, IDAT may contain data entry errors and omissions. The handbook remains the primary source of reactor physics benchmark data. A copy of IDAT user's manual is attached to this document. A copy of the IRPhE Handbook can be obtained on request at http://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wprs/irphe/irphe-handbook/form.html

  16. Comparing the performance of expert user heuristics and an integer linear program in aircraft carrier deck operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Jason C; Banerjee, Ashis Gopal; Cummings, Mary L; Roy, Nicholas

    2014-06-01

    Planning operations across a number of domains can be considered as resource allocation problems with timing constraints. An unexplored instance of such a problem domain is the aircraft carrier flight deck, where, in current operations, replanning is done without the aid of any computerized decision support. Rather, veteran operators employ a set of experience-based heuristics to quickly generate new operating schedules. These expert user heuristics are neither codified nor evaluated by the United States Navy; they have grown solely from the convergent experiences of supervisory staff. As unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are introduced in the aircraft carrier domain, these heuristics may require alterations due to differing capabilities. The inclusion of UAVs also allows for new opportunities for on-line planning and control, providing an alternative to the current heuristic-based replanning methodology. To investigate these issues formally, we have developed a decision support system for flight deck operations that utilizes a conventional integer linear program-based planning algorithm. In this system, a human operator sets both the goals and constraints for the algorithm, which then returns a proposed schedule for operator approval. As a part of validating this system, the performance of this collaborative human-automation planner was compared with that of the expert user heuristics over a set of test scenarios. The resulting analysis shows that human heuristics often outperform the plans produced by an optimization algorithm, but are also often more conservative. PMID:23934675

  17. Development of Point Kernel Shielding Analysis Computer Program Implementing Recent Nuclear Data and Graphic User Interfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to comply with revised national regulationson radiological protection and to implement recent nuclear data and dose conversion factors, KOPEC developed a new point kernel gamma and beta ray shielding analysis computer program. This new code, named VisualShield, adopted mass attenuation coefficient and buildup factors from recent ANSI/ANS standards and flux-to-dose conversion factors from the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 74 for estimation of effective/equivalent dose recommended in ICRP 60. VisualShield utilizes graphical user interfaces and 3-D visualization of the geometric configuration for preparing input data sets and analyzing results, which leads users to error free processing with visual effects. Code validation and data analysis were performed by comparing the results of various calculations to the data outputs of previous programs such as MCNP 4B, ISOSHLD-II, QAD-CGGP, etc

  18. Diagnosing MOV problems using comparative trace analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the concept of comparative trace analysis and shows it to be very effective in diagnosing motor operated valve (MOV) problems. Comparative trace analysis is simply the process of interpreting simultaneously gathered traces, each presenting a different perspective on the same series of events. The opening and closing of a motor operated valve is such a series of events. The simultaneous traces are obtained using Liberty Technologies' Valve Operation Test and Evaluation System (VOTES)reg-sign. The traces include stem thrust, motor current, motor power factor, motor power, switch actuations, vibration in three different frequency bands, spring pack displacement, and spring pack force. Spare and auxiliary channels enable additional key parameters to be measured, such as differential pressure and stem displacement. Though not specifically illustrated in this paper, the VOTES system also provides for FFT analysis on all traces except switches

  19. User's guide for the REBUS-3 fuel cycle analysis capability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    REBUS-3 is a system of programs designed for the fuel-cycle analysis of fast reactors. This new capability is an extension and refinement of the REBUS-3 code system and complies with the standard code practices and interface dataset specifications of the Committee on Computer Code Coordination (CCCC). The new code is hence divorced from the earlier ARC System. In addition, the coding has been designed to enhance code exportability. Major new capabilities not available in the REBUS-2 code system include a search on burn cycle time to achieve a specified value for the multiplication constant at the end of the burn step; a general non-repetitive fuel-management capability including temporary out-of-core fuel storage, loading of fresh fuel, and subsequent retrieval and reloading of fuel; significantly expanded user input checking; expanded output edits; provision of prestored burnup chains to simplify user input; option of fixed-or free-field BCD input formats; and, choice of finite difference, nodal or spatial flux-synthesis neutronics in one-, two-, or three-dimensions

  20. Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP): User's guide. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A microcomputer program called the Replacement Energy Cost Analysis Package (RECAP) has been developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in determining the replacement energy costs associated with short-term shutdowns or deratings of one or more nuclear reactors. The calculations are based on the seasonal, unit-specific cost estimates for 1993--1996 previously published in NRC Report NUREG/CR--4012, Vol. 3 (1992), for all 112 US reactors. Because the RECAP program is menu-driven, the user can define specific case studies in terms of such parameters as the units to be included, the length and timing of the shutdown or derating period, the unit capacity factors, and the reference year for reporting cost results. In addition to simultaneous shutdown cases, more complicated situations, such as overlapping shutdown periods or shutdowns that occur in different years, can be examined through the use of a present-worth calculation option

  1. Spanish Internet users and tourism : analysis of online tourist behaviour among experienced users

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Pintado, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Internet and E-commerce continue to expand in today´s information and communication society. This research focuses on the most relevant characteristics of experienced Spanish Internet users. More specifically, this document concentrates on Internet users and travellers who buy or may buy in the future services offered by travel agents or other operators in the tourism industry. The findings from this study were collected through questionnaires. Once collected, all the data ...

  2. Spanish Internet users and tourism: analysis of online tourist behaviour among experienced users.

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Pintado, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Internet and E-commerce continue to expand in today´s information and communication society. This research focuses on the most relevant characteristics of experienced Spanish Internet users. More specifically, this document concentrates on Internet users and travellers who buy or may buy in the future services offered by travel agents or other operators in the tourism industry. The findings from this study were collected through questionnaires. Once collected, all the data ...

  3. User-Defined Material Model for Progressive Failure Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Norman F. Jr.; Reeder, James R. (Technical Monitor)

    2006-01-01

    An overview of different types of composite material system architectures and a brief review of progressive failure material modeling methods used for structural analysis including failure initiation and material degradation are presented. Different failure initiation criteria and material degradation models are described that define progressive failure formulations. These progressive failure formulations are implemented in a user-defined material model (or UMAT) for use with the ABAQUS/Standard1 nonlinear finite element analysis tool. The failure initiation criteria include the maximum stress criteria, maximum strain criteria, the Tsai-Wu failure polynomial, and the Hashin criteria. The material degradation model is based on the ply-discounting approach where the local material constitutive coefficients are degraded. Applications and extensions of the progressive failure analysis material model address two-dimensional plate and shell finite elements and three-dimensional solid finite elements. Implementation details and use of the UMAT subroutine are described in the present paper. Parametric studies for composite structures are discussed to illustrate the features of the progressive failure modeling methods that have been implemented.

  4. User's manual for seismic analysis code 'SONATINA-2V'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, has been developed to analyze the behavior of the HTTR core graphite components under seismic excitation. The SONATINA-2V code is a two-dimensional computer program capable of analyzing the vertical arrangement of the HTTR graphite components, such as fuel blocks, replaceable reflector blocks, permanent reflector blocks, as well as their restraint structures. In the analytical model, each block is treated as rigid body and is restrained by dowel pins which restrict relative horizontal movement but allow vertical and rocking motions between upper and lower blocks. Moreover, the SONATINA-2V code is capable of analyzing the core vibration behavior under both simultaneous excitations of vertical and horizontal directions. The SONATINA-2V code is composed of the main program, pri-processor for making the input data to SONATINA-2V and post-processor for data processing and making the graphics from analytical results. Though the SONATINA-2V code was developed in order to work in the MSP computer system of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the computer system was abolished with the technical progress of computer. Therefore, improvement of this analysis code was carried out in order to operate the code under the UNIX machine, SR8000 computer system, of the JAERI. The users manual for seismic analysis code, SONATINA-2V, including pri- and post-processor is given in the present report. (author)

  5. Fundus camera systems: a comparative analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dehoog, Edward; Schwiegerling, James

    2009-01-01

    Retinal photography requires the use of a complex optical system, called a fundus camera, capable of illuminating and imaging the retina simultaneously. The patent literature shows two design forms but does not provide the specifics necessary for a thorough analysis of the designs to be performed. We have constructed our own designs based on the patent literature in optical design software and compared them for illumination efficiency, image quality, ability to accommodate for patient refract...

  6. Comparative analysis of twelve Dothideomycete plant pathogens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohm, Robin; Aerts, Andrea; Salamov, Asaf; Goodwin, Stephen B.; Grigoriev, Igor

    2011-03-11

    The Dothideomycetes are one of the largest and most diverse groups of fungi. Many are plant pathogens and pose a serious threat to agricultural crops grown for biofuel, food or feed. Most Dothideomycetes have only a single host and related Dothideomycete species can have very diverse host plants. Twelve Dothideomycete genomes have currently been sequenced by the Joint Genome Institute and other sequencing centers. They can be accessed via Mycocosm which has tools for comparative analysis

  7. Embedded Hyperchaotic Generators: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadoudi, Said; Tanougast, Camel; Azzaz, Mohamad Salah; Dandache, Abbas

    In this paper, we present a comparative analysis of FPGA implementation performances, in terms of throughput and resources cost, of five well known autonomous continuous hyperchaotic systems. The goal of this analysis is to identify the embedded hyperchaotic generator which leads to designs with small logic area cost, satisfactory throughput rates, low power consumption and low latency required for embedded applications such as secure digital communications between embedded systems. To implement the four-dimensional (4D) chaotic systems, we use a new structural hardware architecture based on direct VHDL description of the forth order Runge-Kutta method (RK-4). The comparative analysis shows that the hyperchaotic Lorenz generator provides attractive performances compared to that of others. In fact, its hardware implementation requires only 2067 CLB-slices, 36 multipliers and no block RAMs, and achieves a throughput rate of 101.6 Mbps, at the output of the FPGA circuit, at a clock frequency of 25.315 MHz with a low latency time of 316 ns. Consequently, these good implementation performances offer to the embedded hyperchaotic Lorenz generator the advantage of being the best candidate for embedded communications applications.

  8. Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

  9. Methodological proposal for the analysis of user participation mechanisms in online media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Alonso, Ph.D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of an analysis of user participation mechanisms, particularly those based in Web 2.0 technologies and applications, based on a sample of fourteen relevant Spanish online media, including the websites of newspapers, radio stations, and television channels. This analysis was conducted in October and November 2010 as part of the research subproject La evolución de los cibermedios en el marco de la convergencia digital. Tecnología y distribución (The evolution of online media in the context of digital convergence. Tecnology and distribution. The study is based on a taxonomy of the different user participation mechanisms, which distinguishes between those that are integrated within the media’s news sections and those that are independent spaces. The analysis also examines the form in which these mechanisms are managed by the media in function of the role they are assigned. Finally, the study aims to compare the different online media and to show examples and trends in the field of user participation.

  10. Elevated impulsivity and impaired decision-making in abstinent Ecstasy (MDMA) users compared to polydrug and drug-naïve controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Michael John; Impallomeni, Lara Chiara; Pirona, Alessandro; Rogers, Robert David

    2006-07-01

    Ecstasy (MDMA; 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) has a well-recognized neurotoxic effect on central serotonergic (5-HT) systems in animals, and there is some evidence of persistent serotonergic dysregulation in human ecstasy users. Serotonin is believed to mediate impulsive behavior and effective decision-making. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate impulsive behavior and decision-making in abstinent regular ecstasy users. Three groups were compared: 'ecstasy users' (recreational ecstasy users who reported modest use of illicit drugs other than cannabis), 'polydrug controls' (ecstasy naïve illicit drug users), and 'drug-naïve controls'. All participants completed personal details and general drug history questionnaires, the National Adult Reading Test, Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFF20), a risky decision-making task (RDMT), and the Card Arranging Reward Responsivity Objective Test (CARROT). The groups did not differ on the CARROT measure of responsiveness to financial incentive; however, the ecstasy group displayed significantly elevated MFF20 impulsivity, and showed reduced discrimination between magnitudes of prospective gains and losses when making risky decisions, compared to the 'polydrug' and 'drug-naïve' control groups. These findings may reflect a vulnerability of 5-HT systems in the orbital prefrontal cortex and interconnected corticolimbic circuitry to the cumulative neurotoxic effects of ecstasy and have clinical significance for regular ecstasy users. The combination of elevated impulsivity and impaired use of reinforcement cues in uncertain decision-making may comprise risk factors for continued drug abuse and everyday functioning. PMID:16292322

  11. What Are Health-Related Users Tweeting? A Qualitative Content Analysis of Health-Related Users and Their Messages on Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCamp, Matthew; Dredze, Mark; Chisolm, Margaret S; Berger, Zackary D

    2014-01-01

    Background Twitter is home to many health professionals who send messages about a variety of health-related topics. Amid concerns about physicians posting inappropriate content online, more in-depth knowledge about these messages is needed to understand health professionals’ behavior on Twitter. Objective Our goal was to characterize the content of Twitter messages, specifically focusing on health professionals and their tweets relating to health. Methods We performed an in-depth content analysis of 700 tweets. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on tweets by health users on Twitter. The primary objective was to describe the general type of content (ie, health-related versus non-health related) on Twitter authored by health professionals and further to describe health-related tweets on the basis of the type of statement made. Specific attention was given to whether a tweet was personal (as opposed to professional) or made a claim that users would expect to be supported by some level of medical evidence (ie, a “testable” claim). A secondary objective was to compare content types among different users, including patients, physicians, nurses, health care organizations, and others. Results Health-related users are posting a wide range of content on Twitter. Among health-related tweets, 53.2% (184/346) contained a testable claim. Of health-related tweets by providers, 17.6% (61/346) were personal in nature; 61% (59/96) made testable statements. While organizations and businesses use Twitter to promote their services and products, patient advocates are using this tool to share their personal experiences with health. Conclusions Twitter users in health-related fields tweet about both testable claims and personal experiences. Future work should assess the relationship between testable tweets and the actual level of evidence supporting them, including how Twitter users—especially patients—interpret the content of tweets posted by health providers. PMID:25591063

  12. Matrix analysis of the insider threat (MAIT) user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MAIT is a sophisticated method for the analysis of safeguards or security systems that determines if single or multiple insiders can covertly sabotage a facility or system, or can covertly divert a resource that is present in the facility or system. The MAIT method provides a detailed, organized way to exhaustively examine the safeguards or security system against these covert threats. An evaluation of this broad scope is beyond the reasonable capability of an analyst working without computer assistance. The MAIT analysis is conducted by first manually collecting detailed facility design data and access and control information for each individual safeguard measure. With this information, the MAIT computer code synthesizes every possible situation and returns data to the analyst concerning those particular events that are not adequately protected. This report replaces the previous user's manual (SAI-78-960-LJ). It includes the details that an analyst needs to know to use the upgraded MAIT evaluation method. The major changes incorporated in the present version of the method include the evaluation of scenarios that span two conditions, the consolidation of theft and sabotage versions of the program and the incorporation and consideration of secondary targets in a path

  13. Assessing Quality of Experience while comparing competing mobile broadband services from the user perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madruga, Ewerton L.; David, Rodrigo; Sabóia de Souza, Rodolfo; Dantas, Romulo

    2015-01-01

    The growth of mobile traffic is exploding globally, and users can already choose their best smartphone or tablet options from a handful of manufacturers based on specific criteria such as price and usability. It is much less clear when the user needs to pick from various mobile broadband service providers when choices are available. After all, how does one know what is the best provider for a given usage profile? This work uses drive tests to investigate the variation of radio frequency conditions and relate them to the quality of experience from the viewpoint of the user.

  14. Analysis of Web Logs and Web User in Web Mining

    OpenAIRE

    Joshila Grace, L. K.; Maheswari, V.; Dhinaharan Nagamalai

    2011-01-01

    Log files contain information about User Name, IP Address, Time Stamp, Access Request, number of Bytes Transferred, Result Status, URL that Referred and User Agent. The log files are maintained by the web servers. By analysing these log files gives a neat idea about the user. This paper gives a detailed discussion about these log files, their formats, their creation, access procedures, their uses, various algorithms used and the additional parameters that can be used in the ...

  15. Performance and security analysis of Gait-based user authentication

    OpenAIRE

    Gafurov, Davrondzhon

    2008-01-01

    Verifying the identity of a user, usually referred to as user authentication, before granting access to the services or objects is a very important step in many applications. People pass through some sorts of authentication process in their daily life. For example, to prove having access to the computer the user is required to know a password. Similarly, to be able to activate a mobile phone the owner has to know its PIN code, etc. Some user authentication techniques are based on human physio...

  16. Fundus camera systems: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeHoog, Edward; Schwiegerling, James

    2009-01-10

    Retinal photography requires the use of a complex optical system, called a fundus camera, capable of illuminating and imaging the retina simultaneously. The patent literature shows two design forms but does not provide the specifics necessary for a thorough analysis of the designs to be performed. We have constructed our own designs based on the patent literature in optical design software and compared them for illumination efficiency, image quality, ability to accommodate for patient refractive error, and manufacturing tolerances, a comparison lacking in the existing literature. PMID:19137032

  17. Comparative Analysis of Virtual Education Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt, Mehmet

    2006-01-01

    The research was conducted in order to make comparative analysis of virtual education applications. The research is conducted in survey model. The study group consists of total 300 institutes providing virtual education in the fall, spring and summer semesters of 2004; 246 in USA, 10 in Australia, 3 in South Africa, 10 in India, 21 in UK, 6 in Japan, 4 in Turkey. The information has been collected by online questionnaire sent to the target mass by e-mail. The questionnaire has been developed ...

  18. Comparative Analysis of Hand Gesture Recognition Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arpana K. Patel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available During past few years, human hand gesture for interaction with computing devices has continues to be active area of research. In this paper survey of hand gesture recognition is provided. Hand Gesture Recognition is contained three stages: Pre-processing, Feature Extraction or matching and Classification or recognition. Each stage contains different methods and techniques. In this paper define small description of different methods used for hand gesture recognition in existing system with comparative analysis of all method with its benefits and drawbacks are provided.

  19. Sentiment Detection of Web Users Using Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijian Ren

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available With the wide application of Internet in almost all fields, it has become the most important way for information publication, providing a large number of channels for spreading public opinion. Public opinions, as the response of Internet users to the information such as social events and government policies, reflect the status of both society and economics, which is highly valuable for the decision-making and public relations of enterprises. At present, the analysis methods for Internet public opinion are mainly based on discriminative approaches, such as Support Vector Machine (SVM and neural network. However, when these approaches analyze the sentiment of Internet public opinion, they are failed to exploit information hidden in text, e.g. topic. Motivated by the above observation, this paper proposes a detection method for public sentiment based on Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis (PLSA model. PLSA inherits the advantages of LSA, exploiting the semantic topic hidden in data. The procedure of detecting the public sentiment using this algorithm is composed of three main steps: (1 Chinese word segmentation and word refinement, with which each document is represented by a bag of words; (2 modeling the probabilistic distribution of documents using PLSA; (3 using the Z-vector of PLSA as the features of documents and delivering it to SVM for sentiment detection. We collect a set of text data from Weibo, blog, BBS etc. to evaluate our proposed approach. The experimental results shows that the proposed method in this paper can detect the public sentiment with high accuracy, outperforming the state-of-the-art approaches, i.e., word histogram based approach. The results also suggest that, text semantic analysis using PLSA could significantly boost the sentiment detection

  20. Observing Users: An Empirical Analysis of User Interaction with Online Finding Aids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Joyce Celeste

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results from a usability study of the finding aid Web display at the Southern Historical Collection. The results show that Internet proficiency may be slightly more important than archival expertise when navigating online finding aids, that novice users are able to attain a considerable understanding of finding aids…

  1. Analysis of the Navigation Behavior of the Users' using Grey Relational Pattern Analysis with Markov Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BINDU MADHURI .Ch,

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Generally user page visits are sequential in nature. The large number of Web pages on many Web sites has raised navigational problems. Markov chains have been used to model user sequential navigational behavior on the World Wide Web (WWW.The enormous growth in the number of documents in the WWW increases the need for improved link navigation and path analysis models. Link prediction and path analysis are important problems with a wide range of applications ranging from personalization to websites. The complete size of the WWW coupled with the variation in users' navigation patterns makes this a very difficult sequence modeling problem. This paper generalizes the concept of grey relational analysis to develop a technique, called grey relational pattern analysis associated with Markov chains for sequential web data, for analyzing the similarity between given patterns. Based on this technique, a clustering algorithm” Grey Clustering algorithm for Sequential Data” is proposed to finding cluster of a given data set .The problem of determining the optimal number of clusters . We develop an evaluationframework in which the Sum of Squared Error (SSE is calculated to get the efficiency of proposed algorithm. The analyzed behavior of the users used in application areas for Web usage mining Personalization, System Improvement, Site Modification, Business Intelligence, and Usage Characterization.

  2. Internal versus external preference analysis : an exploratory study on end-user evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Kleef, E.; Trijp, H. C. M.; Luning, P. A.

    2006-01-01

    Internal and external preference analysis emphasise fundamentally different perspectives on the same data. We extend the literature on comparisons between internal and external preference analysis by incorporating the perspective of the end user of the preference analysis results. From a conceptual analysis of the methodological similarities and differences between these two techniques, we develop and implement a framework for end-user evaluation of preference analysis output in terms of perc...

  3. A generic analysis code of dynamic compartment model for evaluation of doses in terrestrial biosphere. GACOM user`s manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Tomoyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1998-02-01

    A computer code GACOM (Generic Analysis code for dynamic COmpartment Model) has been developed to evaluate the behavior of radionuclides in terrestrial biosphere and the subsequent individual doses. In this code, the simultaneous ordinary differential equations are solved by using the sixth-step fifth-order Runge-Kutta method called Fehlberg formula. This principal characteristics of this code are shown as follows; (1) user definition of such as a number of compartments and transfer pathways of nuclides makes it possible to apply this code to various subjects of analysis, (2) various kinds of equations for evaluating doses in terrestrial biosphere are available for making input data of this code, (3) the units of time and nuclides can be defined flexibly, (4) probabilistic analysis by using the Monte-Carlo simulation is possible. This report describes the structure and user information for execution of GACOM code. (author)

  4. SALOME. Software for the analysis of lines or multiplets from Extrap. User's guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This user's guide describes the centre piece of spectral analysis programs for Extrap-T1. The method for spectral analysis is presented theoretically. It also presents the actual use of the program PROBESCHUSS and how to work on the multiplet library. The present user's guide is about PROBESCHUSS 2.1 and MULTIFIT 2.0. 7 figs, 5 appendices

  5. A content analysis on the use of methods in online user research

    OpenAIRE

    Greifeneder, Elke

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of international publications on digital user research in a digital library environement during the last ten years and it considers whether the method was used on- or offline. Digital library users are no longer tied to a local place. Online users of digital libraries are multi-local, multi-lingual and live in multiple time-zones. Getting purposeful data in online user research requires that the research be done online because the users are there. Not all met...

  6. Structural Analysis of User Association Patterns in Wireless LAN

    CERN Document Server

    Hsu, W; Helmy, A; Hsu, Wei-jen; Dutta, Debojyoti; Helmy, Ahmed

    2006-01-01

    Due to the rapid growth in wireless local area networks (WLANs), it has become important to characterize the fine-grained structure of user association patterns. In this paper, we focus on unraveling the structure in user's daily association patterns in WLANs in the long run. The daily access pattern is defined by the fraction of time it spends with a particular location. We answer three questions: 1) Do users demonstrate consistent behavior? Using our novel metrics and clustering, we conclude that many users (more than 50%) are multi-modal. 2) Is it possible to represent user association patterns using a compact representation? Using eigen-decomposition, we show that the intrinsic dimensionality of the constructed user association matrices is low and only the top five eigenvalues and their corresponding eigenvectors can be used to reconstruct those association matrices with an error of 5%, in terms of the L1 and L2 matrix norms. 3) How can we decide if two users have similar association patterns? We define t...

  7. Construction QA/QC systems: comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis which compares the quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) systems adopted in the highway, nuclear power plant, and U.S. Navy construction areas with the traditional quality control approach used in building construction is presented. Full participation and support by the owner as well as the contractor and AE firm are required if a QA/QC system is to succeed. Process quality control, acceptance testing and quality assurance responsibilities must be clearly defined in the contract documents. The owner must audit these responsibilities. A contractor quality control plan, indicating the tasks which will be performed and the fact that QA/QC personnel are independent of project time/cost pressures should be submitted for approval. The architect must develop realistic specifications which consider the natural variability of material. Acceptance criteria based on the random sampling technique should be used. 27 refs

  8. Comparative Genome Analysis of Basidiomycete Fungi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riley, Robert; Salamov, Asaf; Morin, Emmanuelle; Nagy, Laszlo; Manning, Gerard; Baker, Scott; Brown, Daren; Henrissat, Bernard; Levasseur, Anthony; Hibbett, David; Martin, Francis; Grigoriev, Igor

    2012-03-19

    Fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota (basidiomycetes), make up some 37percent of the described fungi, and are important in forestry, agriculture, medicine, and bioenergy. This diverse phylum includes the mushrooms, wood rots, symbionts, and plant and animal pathogens. To better understand the diversity of phenotypes in basidiomycetes, we performed a comparative analysis of 35 basidiomycete fungi spanning the diversity of the phylum. Phylogenetic patterns of lignocellulose degrading genes suggest a continuum rather than a sharp dichotomy between the white rot and brown rot modes of wood decay. Patterns of secondary metabolic enzymes give additional insight into the broad array of phenotypes found in the basidiomycetes. We suggest that the profile of an organism in lignocellulose-targeting genes can be used to predict its nutritional mode, and predict Dacryopinax sp. as a brown rot; Botryobasidium botryosum and Jaapia argillacea as white rots.

  9. Comparative Analysis on Visual Cryptographic Schemes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Anuradha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Visual cryptography is the techniques that deal with providing security to the multimedia data. The main concept behind this is, to encrypt a secret image into some shares. The secret can be revealed only when all the shares are combined. The central theme of visual cryptography is that it doesn’t require any manipulation or tough cryptographic knowledge and the decryption is done by human vision without the help of computers. Thus, visual cryptography is known for its least computational complexity yet much secure. In this work, we compared traditional visual cryptography, extended visual cryptography and colour extended cryptography with respect to PSNR, NCC and MSE. On analysis, it is found that the performance of colour extended visual cryptography is much better than the traditional visual cryptography and extended visual cryptography, in terms of Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR, Normalized Correlation Coefficient (NCC and Mean Square Error (MSE.

  10. Business intelligence gap analysis: a user, supplier and academic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Molensky, L.; Ketter, W.; Collins, J.; Bloemhof, J. M.; Koppel, H.

    2010-01-01

    Business intelligence (BI) takes many different forms, as indicated by the varying definitions of BI that can be found in industry and academia. These different definitions help us understand of what BI issues are important to the main players in the field of BI; users, suppliers and academics. The goal of this research is to discover gaps and trends from the standpoints of BI users, BI suppliers and academics, and to examine their effects on business and academia. Consultants also play an im...

  11. Interactive user's application to Genie 2000 spectroscopy system for automation of hair neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In recent years lower plants such as mosses or lichens and for arid countries bark and leaves of tree have been used as biomonitors in environmental studies. Alongside with plants the trace elemental human hair composition also has been used as an indicator of pollution of natural and industrial environments. Because of convenience, easy access, nondestruction of sampling, and also preservation of information for a long time period, human hair even more often and widely used in various researches. In the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan hair trace element analysis in environment monitoring and mapping and in health status studies have been used. Scientist of activation analysis laboratory always has a lot of routine work on biological objects analysis, so they regularly improved applied nuclear techniques. At present one of such good work-out technique is consider a hair multielement instrumental neutron activation analysis using single comparator standard method. Since in frames of the 'Enhanced nuclear techniques for materials identification' STCU project, the Radioanalytical Center (RAC) was created in October 2004, for analysis such objects as metals and alloys, minerals and ores, hydrogeological samples, technological products, soils, fertilizers, biological samples, foodstuff, water, sediments, construction materials, as well as materials of unknown composition the unique equipment of RAC have been used. For example, human hair analysis has performed on the base of HP Ge-detector with high resolution gamma-spectrometer of Canberra Industries, Inc. Genie-2000 Spectroscopy System of Canberra spectrometers, represents the true state of the art in spectroscopy software platforms. Genie 2000 is a comprehensive set of capabilities for acquiring and analyzing spectra from Multichannel Analyzers (MCA). Its functions include MCA control, spectral display and manipulation, basic spectrum analysis and reporting. Genie 2000 software is available in several variations and with several layered optional packages. Genie 2000 Basic Spectroscopy and Gamma Analysis Software, which available in RAC permitting us automatically obtain nuclide identification report with all needed parameters. Any applications of Genie 2000 software have not possibility to calculate analyzed elements concentration. For automation this step of INAA by using Canberra Genie 2000 Spectroscopy System we developed user's 'Human hair analysis Application' software for single comparator standard method of hair INAA. The work with the developed Application for GENIE-2000 begins with the menu, which contains four items. 1. Copying of the data. 2. Data input. 3. Viewing, editing and analyzing of the data. 4. EXIT. The item 'Copying of the data' makes copying the entered values of special user parameters from one data source into another. It is very user-friendly. It is enough to him once in one data source to enter values of necessary parameters (nuclides name, ?-lines value, factors of transformation for various times of an irradiation and cooling). Further, with the help of procedure 'Copying of the data' he can transfer them to any other data source. The item 'Data input' is carried out with the help of Graphical Batch Tools function GBTPARS and specially developed set of Form Design Specification (FDS) files for this function. This developed Application works in interactive environment as a dialogue system with user and allows calculating required nuclides concentration in analyzed samples, separately for long-lived, middle-lived and short-lived nuclides. Using the Nuclide Library Editor and comprehensive standard libraries of Genie package we created three custom libraries: Stdlib.HairL, Stdlib.HairM, Stdlib.HairS, accordingly for long-, middle- and short-lived nuclides. After processing of the next data source the Application returns the user to the menu. From here he can continue data processing, having chosen the following data source, or through menu item EXIT to leave from the application. Th

  12. Comparative performance analysis of agro-ecosystems

    OpenAIRE

    Bie, C. A. J. M.

    2000-01-01

    Detailed and reliable information on land use systems, as needed for quantitative studies, is scarce and often of low quality. This calls for (guidelines on) data harmonization. Practical concepts to describe and study land use are discussed; the development of the Land Use Database software was instrumental in defining them. Required is that by plot, information on land use purpose(s), on operations and on observations as made by land users is put on record through interviews. To classify la...

  13. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, PE

    2003-09-18

    The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

  14. Comparative metagenome analysis of an Alaskan glacier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhari, Sulbha; Lohia, Ruchi; Grigoriev, Andrey

    2014-04-01

    The temperature in the Arctic region has been increasing in the recent past accompanied by melting of its glaciers. We took a snapshot of the current microbial inhabitation of an Alaskan glacier (which can be considered as one of the simplest possible ecosystems) by using metagenomic sequencing of 16S rRNA recovered from ice/snow samples. Somewhat contrary to our expectations and earlier estimates, a rich and diverse microbial population of more than 2,500 species was revealed including several species of Archaea that has been identified for the first time in the glaciers of the Northern hemisphere. The most prominent bacterial groups found were Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes. Firmicutes were not reported in large numbers in a previously studied Alpine glacier but were dominant in an Antarctic subglacial lake. Representatives of Cyanobacteria, Actinobacteria and Planctomycetes were among the most numerous, likely reflecting the dependence of the ecosystem on the energy obtained through photosynthesis and close links with the microbial community of the soil. Principal component analysis (PCA) of nucleotide word frequency revealed distinct sequence clusters for different taxonomic groups in the Alaskan glacier community and separate clusters for the glacial communities from other regions of the world. Comparative analysis of the community composition and bacterial diversity present in the Byron glacier in Alaska with other environments showed larger overlap with an Arctic soil than with a high Arctic lake, indicating patterns of community exchange and suggesting that these bacteria may play an important role in soil development during glacial retreat. PMID:24712530

  15. Comparative genomic analysis of prion genes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamulin Vera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The homologues of human disease genes are expected to contribute to better understanding of physiological and pathogenic processes. We made use of the present availability of vertebrate genomic sequences, and we have conducted the most comprehensive comparative genomic analysis of the prion protein gene PRNP and its homologues, shadow of prion protein gene SPRN and doppel gene PRND, and prion testis-specific gene PRNT so far. Results While the SPRN and PRNP homologues are present in all vertebrates, PRND is known in tetrapods, and PRNT is present in primates. PRNT could be viewed as a TE-associated gene. Using human as the base sequence for genomic sequence comparisons (VISTA, we annotated numerous potential cis-elements. The conserved regions in SPRNs harbour the potential Sp1 sites in promoters (mammals, birds, C-rich intron splicing enhancers and PTB intron splicing silencers in introns (mammals, birds, and hsa-miR-34a sites in 3'-UTRs (eutherians. We showed the conserved PRNP upstream regions, which may be potential enhancers or silencers (primates, dog. In the PRNP 3'-UTRs, there are conserved cytoplasmic polyadenylation element sites (mammals, birds. The PRND core promoters include highly conserved CCAAT, CArG and TATA boxes (mammals. We deduced 42 new protein primary structures, and performed the first phylogenetic analysis of all vertebrate prion genes. Using the protein alignment which included 122 sequences, we constructed the neighbour-joining tree which showed four major clusters, including shadoos, shadoo2s and prion protein-likes (cluster 1, fish prion proteins (cluster 2, tetrapode prion proteins (cluster 3 and doppels (cluster 4. We showed that the entire prion protein conformationally plastic region is well conserved between eutherian prion proteins and shadoos (18–25% identity and 28–34% similarity, and there could be a potential structural compatibility between shadoos and the left-handed parallel beta-helical fold. Conclusion It is likely that the conserved genomic elements identified in this analysis represent bona fide cis-elements. However, this idea needs to be confirmed by functional assays in transgenic systems.

  16. User-friendly software for SANS data reduction and analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the Geesthacht Neutron Facility (GeNF) a new software is being developed for the reduction of two-dimensional small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) data. The main motivation for this work was to created software for users of our SANS facilities that is easy to use. Another motivation was to provide users with software they can also use at their home institute. Therefore, the software is implemented on a personal computer running WINDOWS. The program reads raw data from an area detector in binary or ascii format and produces ascii files containing the scattering curve. The cross section can be averaged over the whole area of the detector or over users defined sectors only. Scripts can be created for processing large numbers of files. (author)

  17. Comparative analysis of safety related site characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersson, Johan (ed.)

    2010-12-15

    This document presents a comparative analysis of site characteristics related to long-term safety for the two candidate sites for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark (municipality of Oesthammar) and in Laxemar (municipality of Oskarshamn) from the point of view of site selection. The analyses are based on the updated site descriptions of Forsmark /SKB 2008a/ and Laxemar /SKB 2009a/, together with associated updated repository layouts and designs /SKB 2008b and SKB 2009b/. The basis for the comparison is thus two equally and thoroughly assessed sites. However, the analyses presented here are focussed on differences between the sites rather than evaluating them in absolute terms. The document serves as a basis for the site selection, from the perspective of long-term safety, in SKB's application for a final repository. A full evaluation of safety is made for a repository at the selected site in the safety assessment SR-Site /SKB 2011/, referred to as SR-Site main report in the following

  18. User interaction with scatterplots on small screens--A comparative evaluation of geometric-semantic zoom and fisheye distortion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büring, Thorsten; Gerken, Jens; Reiterer, Harald

    2006-01-01

    Existing information-visualization techniques that target small screens are usually limited to exploring a few hundred items. In this article we present a scatterplot tool for Personal Digital Assistants that allows the handling of many thousands of items. The application's scalability is achieved by incorporating two alternative interaction techniques: a geometric-semantic zoom that provides smooth transition between overview and detail, and a fisheye distortion that displays the focus and context regions of the scatterplot in a single view. A user study with 24 participants was conducted to compare the usability and efficiency of both techniques when searching a book database containing 7500 items. The study was run on a pen-driven Wacom board simulating a PDA interface. While the results showed no significant difference in task-completion times, a clear majority of 20 users preferred the fisheye view over the zoom interaction. In addition, other dependent variables such as user satisfaction and subjective rating of orientation and navigation support revealed a preference for the fisheye distortion. These findings partly contradict related research and indicate that, when using a small screen, users place higher value on the ability to preserve navigational context than they do on the ease of use of a simplistic, metaphor-based interaction style. PMID:17080806

  19. AUDITOR ROTATION - A CRITICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mocanu Mihaela

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper starts out from the challenge regarding auditor tenure launched in 2010 by the Green Paper of the European Commission Audit Policy: Lessons from the Crisis. According to this document, the European Commission speaks both in favor of the mandatory rotation of the audit firm, and in favor of the mandatory rotation of audit partners. Rotation is considered a solution to mitigate threats to independence generated by familiarity, intimidation and self-interest in the context of a long-term audit-client relationship. At international level, there are several studies on auditor rotation, both empirical (e.g. Lu and Sivaramakrishnan, 2009, Li, 2010, Kaplan and Mauldin, 2008, Jackson et al., 2008 and normative in nature (e.g. Marten et al., 2007, Muller, 2006 and Gelter, 2004. The objective of the present paper is to perform a critical and comparative analysis of the regulations on internal and external rotation in force at international level, in the European Union and in the United States of America. Moreover, arguments both in favor and against mandatory rotation are brought into discussion. With regard to the research design, the paper has a normative approach. The main findings are first of all that by comparison, all regulatory authorities require internal rotation at least in the case of public interest entities, while the external rotation is not in the focus of the regulators. In general, the most strict and detailed requirements are those issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission from the United States of America. Second of all, in favor of mandatory rotation speaks the fact that the auditor becomes less resilient in case of divergence of opinions between him and company management, less stimulated to follow his own interest, and more scrupulous in conducting the audit. However, mandatory rotation may also have negative consequences, thus the debate on the opportunity of this regulatory measure remains open-ended.

  20. A comparative analysis of the statistical properties of large mobile phone calling networks

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ming-Xia; Xie, Wen-Jie; Miccichè, Salvatore; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N

    2014-01-01

    Mobile phone calling is one of the most widely used communication methods in modern society. The records of calls among mobile phone users provide us a valuable proxy for the understanding of human communication patterns embedded in social networks. Mobile phone users call each other forming a directed calling network. If only reciprocal calls are considered, we obtain an undirected mutual calling network. The preferential communication behavior between two connected users can be statistically tested and it results in two Bonferroni networks with statistically validated edges. We perform a comparative analysis of the statistical properties of four networks, which are constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that these networks share many common structural properties and also exhibit idiosyncratic features when compared with previously studied large mobile calling networks. The empirical findings provide us an intriguing picture o...

  1. Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cullen, Walter

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched \\'controls\\' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status. RESULTS: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words).

  2. Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cullen, Walter

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched \\'controls\\' and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status. RESULTS: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal inter-observer variation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue. (238 words).

  3. Users' manual for fault tree analysis code: CUT-TD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CUT-TD code has been developed to find minimal cut sets for a given fault tree and to calculate the occurrence probability of its top event. This code uses an improved top-down algorithm which can enhance the efficiency in deriving minimal cut sets. The features in processing techniques incorporated into CUT-TD are as follows: (1) Consecutive OR gates or consecutive AND gates can be coalesced into a single gate. As a result, this processing directly produces cut sets for the redefined single gate with each gate not being developed. (2) The independent subtrees are automatically identified and their respective cut sets are separately found to enhance the efficiency in processing. (3) The minimal cut sets can be obtained for the top event of a fault tree by combining their respective minimal cut sets for several gates of the fault tree. (4) The user can reduce the computing time for finding minimal cut sets and control the size and significance of cut sets by inputting a minimum probability cut off and/or a maximum order cut off. (5) The user can select events that need not to be further developed in the process of obtaining minimal cut sets. This option can reduce the number of minimal cut sets, save the computing time and assists the user in reviewing the result. (6) Computing time is monitored by the CUT-TD code so that it can prevent the running job from abnormally ending due to excessive CPU time and produce an intermediate result. The CUT-TD code has the ability to restart the calculation with use of the intermediate result. This report provides a users' manual for the CUT-TD code. (author)

  4. Performance Analysis of Massive MIMO for Cell-Boundary Users

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Yeon-geun; Chae, Chan-byoung; Caire, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we consider massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems for both downlink and uplink scenarios, where three radio units (RUs) connected via one digital unit (DU) support multiple user equipments (UEs) at the cell-boundary through the same radio resource, i.e., the same time-frequency slot. Zero-forcing (ZF) and maximum ratio transmission (MRT) are considered as downlink transmitter options, while ZF and maximum ratio combining (MRC) are considered as...

  5. Comparative proteomic analysis of Clostridium difficile

    OpenAIRE

    Chilton, Caroline Hazel

    2011-01-01

    The recent increase in availability of next generation sequencing methodologies has led to extensive analysis of the genome of Clostridium difficile. In contrast, protein expression analysis, crucial to the elucidation of mechanisms of disease, has severely lagged behind. In this study, in-depth proteomic analysis of three strains of varying virulence, demonstrated previously in an animal model, has been undertaken against a background of the sequenced genomes. Strain B-1 is ...

  6. A fluid flow approach to usability analysis of multi-user systems - Full Version

    OpenAIRE

    Massink, Mieke; Latella, Diego; Ter Beek, Maurice H.; Harrison, Michael D.; Loreti, Michele

    2008-01-01

    The analysis of usability aspects of multi-user systems, such as cooperative work systems and pervasive systems, pose particular problems because group behavior of their users may have considerable impact on usability. Model-based analysis of such features leads to state-space explosion because of the sheer number of entities to be modeled when automatic techniques such as model checking are used. In this paper we explore the use of a recently proposed scalable model-based technique based on ...

  7. Aviation System Analysis Capability Quick Response System Report Server User's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Eileen R.; Villani, James A.; Wingrove, Earl R., III

    1996-01-01

    This report is a user's guide for the Aviation System Analysis Capability Quick Response System (ASAC QRS) Report Server. The ASAC QRS is an automated online capability to access selected ASAC models and data repositories. It supports analysis by the aviation community. This system was designed by the Logistics Management Institute for the NASA Ames Research Center. The ASAC QRS Report Server allows users to obtain information stored in the ASAC Data Repositories.

  8. Dashboard Task Monitor for Managing ATLAS User Analysis on the Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargsyan, L.; Andreeva, J.; Jha, M.; Karavakis, E.; Kokoszkiewicz, L.; Saiz, P.; Schovancova, J.; Tuckett, D.; Atlas Collaboration

    2014-06-01

    The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and Grid environment. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

  9. Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Sargsyan, L; The ATLAS collaboration; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

    2013-01-01

    The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is operating system and GRID environment independent. This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

  10. Dashboard Task Monitor for managing ATLAS user analysis on the Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Sargsyan, L; Jha, M; Karavakis, E; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Saiz, P; Schovancova, J; Tuckett, D

    2013-01-01

    The organization of the distributed user analysis on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure is one of the most challenging tasks among the computing activities at the Large Hadron Collider. The Experiment Dashboard offers a solution that not only monitors but also manages (kill, resubmit) user tasks and jobs via a web interface. The ATLAS Dashboard Task Monitor provides analysis users with a tool that is independent of the operating system and GRID environment . This contribution describes the functionality of the application and its implementation details, in particular authentication, authorization and audit of the management operations.

  11. WASP (Wavelet Analysis of Secondary Particles Angular Distributions) package. Version 1.0. User's guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    WASP package is a C++ program aimed to analyze angular distributions of secondary particles generated in nuclear interactions. (WASP is designed for data analysis of the STAR and ALICE experiments). It uses a wavelet analysis for this purpose and the vanishing momentum or gaussian wavelets are chosen for transformations. WASP provides an user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI) which makes it quite simple to use. WASP design, a brief description of the used wavelet transformation algorithm and GUI are presented in this user's guide

  12. Detailed description and user`s manual of high burnup fuel analysis code EXBURN-I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Motoe [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Saitou, Hiroaki

    1997-11-01

    EXBURN-I has been developed for the analysis of LWR high burnup fuel behavior in normal operation and power transient conditions. In the high burnup region, phenomena occur which are different in quality from those expected for the extension of behaviors in the mid-burnup region. To analyze these phenomena, EXBURN-I has been formed by the incorporation of such new models as pellet thermal conductivity change, burnup-dependent FP gas release rate, and cladding oxide layer growth to the basic structure of low- and mid-burnup fuel analysis code FEMAXI-IV. The present report describes in detail the whole structure of the code, models, and materials properties. Also, it includes a detailed input manual and sample output, etc. (author). 55 refs.

  13. Human Capital Development: Comparative Analysis of BRICs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardichvili, Alexandre; Zavyalova, Elena; Minina, Vera

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The goal of this article is to conduct macro-level analysis of human capital (HC) development strategies, pursued by four countries commonly referred to as BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). Design/methodology/approach: This analysis is based on comparisons of macro indices of human capital and innovativeness of the economy and a…

  14. MANAGEMENT AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DATASET ENSEMBLES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geveci, Berk [Senior Director, Scientific Computing

    2010-05-17

    The primary Phase I technical objective was to develop a prototype that demonstrates the functionality of all components required for an end-to-end meta-data management and comparative visualization system.

  15. Comparative Analysis of Competitive Strategy Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Waweru, Maina A. S.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents research findings on Competitive Strategy Implementation which compared the levels of strategy implementation achieved by different generic strategy groups, comprising firms inclined towards low cost leadership, differentiation or dual strategic advantage.  The study sought to determine the preferences for use of implementation armaments and compared how such armaments related to the level of implementation achieved.   Respondents comprised 71 top executives from 59 com...

  16. Comparative sequence analysis of tmRNA.

    OpenAIRE

    Zwieb, C.; Wower, I.; Wower, J.

    1999-01-01

    Minimal secondary structures of the bacterial and plastid tmRNAs were derived by comparative analyses of 50 aligned tmRNA sequences. The structures include 12 helices and four pseudoknots and are refinements of earlier versions, but include only those base pairs for which there is comparative evidence. Described are the conserved and variable features of the tmRNAs from a wide phylogenetic spectrum, the structural properties specific to the bacterial subgroups and preliminary 3-dimensional mo...

  17. Comparative analysis of enterprise risk management models ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaev Igor V.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis and the comparison of modern enterprise risk management models used in domestic and world practice. Some thesis to build such a model are proposed.?????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ? ?????????? ????????. ?????????? ????????? ?????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????.

  18. DOA Estimation-a Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayesha Naaz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the direction of arrival (DOA angle estimation of signals impinging on 3- D array of sensors in cubical arrangement is studied. The results thus obtainedwere compared with the direction of arrivals obtained with a combination of two uniform square arrays which were considered in parallel to form a structure as cube. MUSIC algorithm (Multiple Signal Classification was used to estimate the directions of arrival (DOA of the signals .Also in this paper cubical array geometry for low signal to noise ratio was tested and the results compared were with that of the two parallel square arrays .Experimental results demonstrate that the cubical geometry has better detection capability as compared to two 2-D square arrays with the same or even a higher SNR.

  19. User Interactive Software for Analysis of Human Physiological Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William; Taylor, Bruce C.; Acharya, Soumydipta

    2006-01-01

    Ambulatory physiological monitoring has been used to study human health and performance in space and in a variety of Earth-based environments (e.g., military aircraft, armored vehicles, small groups in isolation, and patients). Large, multi-channel data files are typically recorded in these environments, and these files often require the removal of contaminated data prior to processing and analyses. Physiological data processing can now be performed with user-friendly, interactive software developed by the Ames Psychophysiology Research Laboratory. This software, which runs on a Windows platform, contains various signal-processing routines for both time- and frequency- domain data analyses (e.g., peak detection, differentiation and integration, digital filtering, adaptive thresholds, Fast Fourier Transform power spectrum, auto-correlation, etc.). Data acquired with any ambulatory monitoring system that provides text or binary file format are easily imported to the processing software. The application provides a graphical user interface where one can manually select and correct data artifacts utilizing linear and zero interpolation and adding trigger points for missed peaks. Block and moving average routines are also provided for data reduction. Processed data in numeric and graphic format can be exported to Excel. This software, PostProc (for post-processing) requires the Dadisp engineering spreadsheet (DSP Development Corp), or equivalent, for implementation. Specific processing routines were written for electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, blood pressure, skin conductance level, impedance cardiography (cardiac output, stroke volume, thoracic fluid volume), temperature, and respiration

  20. Comparative Analysis of Monographic Collections in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, Virginia M.; And Others

    The results of a project comparing the nursing monograph collections of academic health science center libraries in the Southwest are reported. Records for nursing monographs from the TALON (South Central Regional Medical Library Program) Union Catalog of Monographs from 1977-1983 were analyzed to reveal the distribution by year, publisher, and…

  1. Wellness Model of Supervision: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenz, A. Stephen; Sangganjanavanich, Varunee Faii; Balkin, Richard S.; Oliver, Marvarene; Smith, Robert L.

    2012-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study compared the effectiveness of the Wellness Model of Supervision (WELMS; Lenz & Smith, 2010) with alternative supervision models for developing wellness constructs, total personal wellness, and helping skills among counselors-in-training. Participants were 32 master's-level counseling students completing their…

  2. Investigating and Comparing User Experiences of Course Management Systems: Blackboard vs. Moodle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Zafer; Unal, Aslihan

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study is to report the results of a comparative usability study conducted in 2008-2009 on two different course management systems (CMS), BlackBoard and Moodle. 135 students enrolled in the fall 2008 and spring 2009 section of Introduction to Educational Technology participated in the study (72 and 63 respectively). At the…

  3. Automatic Keyword Identification by Artificial Neural Networks Compared to Manual Identification by Users of Filtering Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boger, Zvi; Kuflik, Tsvi; Shoval, Peretz; Shapira, Bracha

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of information filtering (IF) and information retrieval focuses on the use of an artificial neural network (ANN) as an alternative method for both IF and term selection and compares its effectiveness to that of traditional methods. Results show that the ANN relevance prediction out-performs the prediction of an IF system. (Author/LRW)

  4. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis with missing data: A simple method for SPSS users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Weaver

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Missing data is a frequent problem for researchers conducting exploratory factor analysis (EFA or reliability analysis. The SPSS FACTOR procedure allows users to select listwise deletion, pairwise deletion or mean substitution as a method for dealing with missing data. The shortcomings of these methods are well-known. Graham (2009 argues that a much better way to deal with missing data in this context is to use a matrix of expectation maximization (EM covariances(or correlations as input for the analysis. SPSS users who have the Missing Values Analysis add-on module can obtain vectors ofEM means and standard deviations plus EM correlation and covariance matrices via the MVA procedure. But unfortunately, MVA has no /MATRIX subcommand, and therefore cannot write the EM correlations directly to a matrix dataset of the type needed as input to the FACTOR and RELIABILITY procedures. We describe two macros that (in conjunction with an intervening MVA command carry out the data management steps needed to create two matrix datasets, one containing EM correlations and the other EM covariances. Either of those matrix datasets can then be used asinput to the FACTOR procedure, and the EM correlations can also be used as input to RELIABILITY. We provide an example that illustrates the use of the two macros to generate the matrix datasets and how to use those datasets as input to the FACTOR and RELIABILITY procedures. We hope that this simple method for handling missing data will prove useful to both students andresearchers who are conducting EFA or reliability analysis.

  5. User Behavior Analysis from Web Log using Log Analyzer Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brijesh Bakariya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Now a day, internet plays a role of huge database in which many websites, information and search engines are available. But due to unstructured and semi-structured data in webpage, it has become a challenging task to extract relevant information. Its main reason is that traditional knowledge based technique are not correct to efficiently utilization the knowledge, because it consist of many discover pattern, contains a lots of noise and uncertainty. In this paper, analyzing of web usage mining has been made with the help if web log data for which web log analyzer tool, “Deep Log Analyzer” to find out abstract information from particular server and also tried to find out the user behavior and also developed an ontology which consist the relation among efficient web apart of web usage mining.

  6. Industrialization Lessons from BRICS: A Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Naude?, Wim A.; Szirmai, Adam; Lavopa, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    To date there has been few systematic and comparative empirical analyses of the nature of economic development in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). We contribute to addressing this gap by exploring the patterns of structural change between 1980 and 2010, focusing on the manufacturing sector. We show that three of the BRICS are experiencing de-industrialization (Brazil, Russia and South Africa). China is the only country where an expanding manufacturing sector accounts for...

  7. Comparative Analysis of Protein Structure Alignments

    OpenAIRE

    Domingues Francisco S; Mayr Gabriele; Lackner Peter

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Several methods are currently available for the comparison of protein structures. These methods have been analysed regarding the performance in the identification of structurally/evolutionary related proteins, but so far there has been less focus on the objective comparison between the alignments produced by different methods. Results We analysed and compared the structural alignments obtained by different methods using three sets of pairs of structurally related proteins....

  8. Comparative study on tea chemical analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the application of the instrumental analytical methods: neutron activation techniques, atomic absorption spectroscopy and flame emission spectroscopy, used to analyse some home-made teas, determining Na, K and Cl and comparing the results. This study verify whether the home-made teas used for rehydration of the children reach the composition recommended by WHO (World Health Organization). (author). 6 refs., 6 tabs

  9. DOA Estimation-a Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Ayesha Naaz; Rameshwar Rao

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the direction of arrival (DOA) angle estimation of signals impinging on 3- D array of sensors in cubical arrangement is studied. The results thus obtainedwere compared with the direction of arrivals obtained with a combination of two uniform square arrays which were considered in parallel to form a structure as cube. MUSIC algorithm (Multiple Signal Classification) was used to estimate the directions of arrival (DOA) of the signals .Also in this paper cubical array geometry for...

  10. Comparative analysis of drills for composite laminates

    OpenAIRE

    Dura?o, Lui?s Miguel P.; Gonc?alves, Daniel J. S.; Tavares, Joa?o Manuel R. S.; Albuquerque, Victor Hugo C.; Torres Marques, A.

    2012-01-01

    The characteristics of carbon fiber-reinforced plastics allow a very broad range of uses. Drilling is often necessary to assemble different components, but this can lead to various forms of damage, such as delamination which is the most severe. However, a reduced thrust force can decrease the risk of delamination. In this work, two variables of the drilling process were compared: tool material and geometry, as well as the effect of feed rate and cutting speed. The parameters that were analyze...

  11. Loss Given Default Modelling: Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Yashkir, Olga; Yashkir, Yuriy

    2013-01-01

    In this study we investigated several most popular Loss Given Default (LGD) models (LSM, Tobit, Three-Tiered Tobit, Beta Regression, Inflated Beta Regression, Censored Gamma Regression) in order to compare their performance. We show that for a given input data set, the quality of the model calibration depends mainly on the proper choice (and availability) of explanatory variables (model factors), but not on the fitting model. Model factors were chosen based on the amplitude of their correlati...

  12. Comparative analysis of plant oil based fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziejewski, M.; Goettler, H.J.; Haines, H.; Huong, C.

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents the evaluation results from the analysis of different blends of fuels using the 13-mode standard SAE testing method. Six high oleic safflower oil blends, six ester blends, six high oleic sunflower oil blends, and six sunflower oil blends were used in this portion of the investigation. Additionally, the results from the repeated 13-mode tests for all the 25/75% mixtures with a complete diesel fuel test before and after each alternative fuel are presented.

  13. A Cooperative Diversity Analysis of Two User Mobile Communication System with Maximal Ratio Combining

    OpenAIRE

    Sateeshkrishna Dhuli; Mani, V. V.

    2013-01-01

    Cooperative communication is going to play a vital role in the next generation wireless networks. In this paper we derive the expression for symbol error probability (SEP) of a two-user cooperative diversity system, where two users cooperate through the decode-and-forward (DF) relaying with binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation in a flat Rayleigh fading environment. We compare the computational results obtained by the SEP expression with the simulation results using maximal-ratio combi...

  14. Towards for Analyzing Alternatives of Interaction Design Based on Verbal Decision Analysis of User Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Soares Mendes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In domains (as digital TV, smart home, and tangible interfaces that represent a new paradigm of interactivity, the decision of the most appropriate interaction design solution is a challenge. HCI researchers have promoted in their works the validation of design alternative solutions with users before producing the final solution. User experience with technology is a subject that has also gained ground in these works in order to analyze the appropriate solution(s. Following this concept, a study was accomplished under the objective of finding a better interaction solution for an application of mobile TV. Three executable applications of mobile TV prototypes were built. A Verbal Decision Analysis model was applied on the investigations for the favorite characteristics in each prototype based on the user’s experience and their intentions of use. This model led a performance of a qualitative analysis which objectified the design of a new prototype.

  15. Modelling User-Costs in Life Cycle Cost-Benefit (LCCB) analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Thoft-christensen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    The importance of including user's costs in Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit analysis of structures is discussed in this paper. This is especially for bridges of great importance. Repair or/and failure of a bridge will usually result in user costs greater than the repair or replacement costs of the bridge. For the society (and the user's) it is therefore of great importance that maintenance or replacement of a bridge is performed in such a way that all costs are minimized - not only the owners cost.

  16. Modelling User-Costs in Life Cycle Cost-Benefit (LCCB) analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    2008-01-01

    The importance of including user's costs in Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit analysis of structures is discussed in this paper. This is especially for bridges of great importance. Repair or/and failure of a bridge will usually result in user costs greater than the repair or replacement costs of the bridge. For the society (and the user's) it is therefore of great importance that maintenance or replacement of a bridge is performed in such a way that all costs are minimized - not only the owners cost.

  17. Comparative analysis of some search engines

    OpenAIRE

    Edosomwan, Taiwo O.; Joseph Edosomwan

    2010-01-01

    We compared the information retrieval performances of some popular search engines (namely, Google, Yahoo, AlltheWeb, Gigablast, Zworks and AltaVista and Bing/MSN) in response to a list of ten queries, varying in complexity. These queries were run on each search engine and the precision and response time of the retrieved results were recorded. The first ten documents on each retrieval output were evaluated as being ‘relevant’ or ‘non-relevant’ for evaluation of the search engine’s pr...

  18. Radionuclides in sediments - a comparative analysis, 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On behalf of the BMI (Federal German Ministry of the Interior), the BfG in 1981 again started an interlaboratory comparison (among 42 measuring points) on the topic of radionuclides in sediments. The study was intended to test the reliability of G?, G?/R? measurements in sedimentary samples under practical conditions. The comparative analyses again revealed a number of error sources, and errors could be corrected. This was achieved not least by a good cooperation among the participating laboratories who contributed a.o. very useful information and ideas. (orig./HP)

  19. Comparative sequence analysis of human cytomegalovirus strains.

    OpenAIRE

    Lehner, R.; Stamminger, T.; Mach, M.

    1991-01-01

    Three regions of DNA from five low-passage clinical isolates of human cytomegalovirus were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The DNA sequences as well as the predicted amino acid sequences were compared with those of the laboratory strains AD169 and Towne. The genomic regions consisted of (i) three regions from the major glycoprotein (gp58/116, unique long [UL]55), (ii) three regions from the integral membrane protein (IMP, UL100), and (iii) a region from the major immediate-early 1 and...

  20. A Methodology for Evaluating User Perceptions of the Delivery of ICT Services: a comparative study of six UK local authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Les Worrall

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Evaluating and managing the effective delivery of ICT services is an issue that has been brought into sharper relief recently. This has been particularly prevalent in the UK public sector where the growing emphasis on formalised client-contractor relationships, outsourcing and benchmarking (both between local authorities and between local authorities and private sector organisations has meant that the definition of service standards and agreeing performance criteria has attracted considerable practitioner attention. This research is based on 295 interviews conducted in six UK local authorities. The investigation used both gap analysis and perceptual mapping techniques to develop an understanding of the aspects of ICT service delivery that users' value most in conjunction with an assessment of how well they perceive their ICT department is performing on these criteria. The paper exposes considerable differences in the relative performance of the six local authorities from both the gap analysis and the perceptual mapping elements of the investigation. The methodology is shown to provide an effective way of identifying key performance issues from the user perspective and benchmarking service performance across organisations.

  1. Comparative genomic analysis of soybean flowering genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Chol-Hee; Wong, Chui E; Singh, Mohan B; Bhalla, Prem L

    2012-01-01

    Flowering is an important agronomic trait that determines crop yield. Soybean is a major oilseed legume crop used for human and animal feed. Legumes have unique vegetative and floral complexities. Our understanding of the molecular basis of flower initiation and development in legumes is limited. Here, we address this by using a computational approach to examine flowering regulatory genes in the soybean genome in comparison to the most studied model plant, Arabidopsis. For this comparison, a genome-wide analysis of orthologue groups was performed, followed by an in silico gene expression analysis of the identified soybean flowering genes. Phylogenetic analyses of the gene families highlighted the evolutionary relationships among these candidates. Our study identified key flowering genes in soybean and indicates that the vernalisation and the ambient-temperature pathways seem to be the most variant in soybean. A comparison of the orthologue groups containing flowering genes indicated that, on average, each Arabidopsis flowering gene has 2-3 orthologous copies in soybean. Our analysis highlighted that the CDF3, VRN1, SVP, AP3 and PIF3 genes are paralogue-rich genes in soybean. Furthermore, the genome mapping of the soybean flowering genes showed that these genes are scattered randomly across the genome. A paralogue comparison indicated that the soybean genes comprising the largest orthologue group are clustered in a 1.4 Mb region on chromosome 16 of soybean. Furthermore, a comparison with the undomesticated soybean (Glycine soja) revealed that there are hundreds of SNPs that are associated with putative soybean flowering genes and that there are structural variants that may affect the genes of the light-signalling and ambient-temperature pathways in soybean. Our study provides a framework for the soybean flowering pathway and insights into the relationship and evolution of flowering genes between a short-day soybean and the long-day plant, Arabidopsis. PMID:22679494

  2. Comparative analysis of life insurance market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malynych, Anna Mykolayivna

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the comprehensive analysis of statistic insight into development of the world and regional life insurance markets on the basis of macroeconomic indicators. The author located domestic life insurance market on the global scale, analyzed its development and suggested the methods to calculate the marketing life insurance index. There was also approbated the mentioned methods on database of 77 countries all over the world. The author also defined the national rating on the basis of marketing life insurance index.

  3. TADS: A CFD-based turbomachinery and analysis design system with GUI. Volume 2: User's manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, R. A.; Topp, D. A.; Delaney, R. A.

    1995-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was the development of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based turbomachinery airfoil analysis and design system, controlled by a graphical user interface (GUI). The computer codes resulting from this effort are referred to as the Turbomachinery Analysis and Design System (TADS). This document is intended to serve as a user's manual for the computer programs which comprise the TADS system. TADS couples a throughflow solver (ADPAC) with a quasi-3D blade-to-blade solver (RVCQ3D) in an interactive package. Throughflow analysis capability was developed in ADPAC through the addition of blade force and blockage terms to the governing equations. A GUI was developed to simplify user input and automate the many tasks required to perform turbomachinery analysis and design. The coupling of various programs was done in a way that alternative solvers or grid generators could be easily incorporated into the TADS framework.

  4. User-oriented summary extraction for soccer video based on multimodal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Huayong; Jiang, Shanshan; He, Tingting

    2011-11-01

    An advanced user-oriented summary extraction method for soccer video is proposed in this work. Firstly, an algorithm of user-oriented summary extraction for soccer video is introduced. A novel approach that integrates multimodal analysis, such as extraction and analysis of the stadium features, moving object features, audio features and text features is introduced. By these features the semantic of the soccer video and the highlight mode are obtained. Then we can find the highlight position and put them together by highlight degrees to obtain the video summary. The experimental results for sports video of world cup soccer games indicate that multimodal analysis is effective for soccer video browsing and retrieval.

  5. User-defined Material Model for Thermo-mechanical Progressive Failure Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Norman F., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    Previously a user-defined material model for orthotropic bimodulus materials was developed for linear and nonlinear stress analysis of composite structures using either shell or solid finite elements within a nonlinear finite element analysis tool. Extensions of this user-defined material model to thermo-mechanical progressive failure analysis are described, and the required input data are documented. The extensions include providing for temperature-dependent material properties, archival of the elastic strains, and a thermal strain calculation for materials exhibiting a stress-free temperature.

  6. The Constant Comparative Method of Qualitative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, Ph.D.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the general approaches to the analysis of qualitative data are these:1. If the analyst wishes to convert qualitative data into crudely quantifiable form so that he can provisionally test a hypothesis, he codes the data first and then analyzes it. He makes an effort to code “all relevant data [that] can be brought to bear on a point,” and then systematically assembles, assesses and analyzes these data in a fashion that will “constitute proof for a given proposition.”i2. If the analyst wishes only to generate theoretical ideasnew categories and their properties, hypotheses and interrelated hypotheses- he cannot be confined to the practice of coding first and then analyzing the data since, in generating theory, he is constantly redesigning and reintegrating his theoretical notions as he reviews his material.ii Analysis with his purpose, but the explicit coding itself often seems an unnecessary, burdensome task. As a result, the analyst merely inspects his data for new properties of his theoretical categories, and writes memos on these properties.We wish to suggest a third approach

  7. Audience participation in online news websites : a comparative analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Franquet I Calvet, Rosa

    2011-01-01

    In a moment of transformation of media as a result of ongoing processes of digitalization and convergence, television broadcasters are increasingly betting on tools that allow the public to assume a more active role in the production of contents. Emergent phenomena such as participatory journalism, user-generated content or the integration of social networking websites are becoming more and more relevant in the online public sphere. This paper compares the models for online news websites part...

  8. Comparative analysis of some search engines

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Edosomwan; TO, Edosomwan.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We compared the information retrieval performances of some popular search engines (namely, Google, Yahoo, AlltheWeb, Gigablast, Zworks and AltaVista and Bing/MSN) in response to a list of ten queries, varying in complexity. These queries were run on each search engine and the precision and response [...] time of the retrieved results were recorded. The first ten documents on each retrieval output were evaluated as being 'relevant' or 'non-relevant' for evaluation of the search engine's precision. To evaluate response time, normalised recall ratios were calculated at various cut-off points for each query and search engine. This study shows that Google appears to be the best search engine in terms of both average precision (70%) and average response time (2 s). Gigablast and AlltheWeb performed the worst overall in this study.

  9. Resilience and electricity systems: A comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electricity systems have generally evolved based on the natural resources available locally. Few metrics exist to compare the security of electricity supply of different countries despite the increasing likelihood of potential shocks to the power system like energy price increases and carbon price regulation. This paper seeks to calculate a robust measure of national power system resilience by analysing each step in the process of transformation from raw energy to consumed electricity. Countries with sizeable deposits of mineral resources are used for comparison because of the need for electricity-intensive metals processing. We find that shifts in electricity-intensive industry can be predicted based on countries' power system resilience. - Highlights: ? We establish a resilience index measure for major electricity systems. ? We examine a range of OECD and developing nations electricity systems and their ability to cope with shocks. ? Robustness measures are established to show resilience of electricity systems.

  10. Comparative LIBS Analysis Of Calcified Tissues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Signal enhancement, limits of detection, and relevance to environmental concentration for element in calcified tissues using LIBS with single and double laser pulses will be presented. These measurements were performed on three calcified tissues representing different matrices, namely enamel of human teeth, shells and eggshells. This method depends on the role of the laser induced shock wave on the ionization rate of the ablated target material atoms. The effect of the laser single and double pulse on the ionic to atomic ratio of calcium and magnesium spectral emission lines, CaII/CaI and MgII/MgI, will be presented and compared with the previous results and its relevance to the target material hardness. The results show that in case of single pulse the intensity ratios in calcium are higher than the double pulse while there is no appreciable difference between both in case of magnesium.

  11. Comparative LIBS Analysis Of Calcified Tissues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Salam, Z. A.; Harith, M. A.

    2008-09-01

    Signal enhancement, limits of detection, and relevance to environmental concentration for element in calcified tissues using LIBS with single and double laser pulses will be presented. These measurements were performed on three calcified tissues representing different matrices, namely enamel of human teeth, shells and eggshells. This method depends on the role of the laser induced shock wave on the ionization rate of the ablated target material atoms. The effect of the laser single and double pulse on the ionic to atomic ratio of calcium and magnesium spectral emission lines, CaII/CaI and MgII/MgI, will be presented and compared with the previous results and its relevance to the target material hardness. The results show that in case of single pulse the intensity ratios in calcium are higher than the double pulse while there is no appreciable difference between both in case of magnesium.

  12. Comparative analysis of some search engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taiwo O. Edosomwan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available We compared the information retrieval performances of some popular search engines (namely, Google, Yahoo, AlltheWeb, Gigablast, Zworks and AltaVista and Bing/MSN in response to a list of ten queries, varying in complexity. These queries were run on each search engine and the precision and response time of the retrieved results were recorded. The first ten documents on each retrieval output were evaluated as being ‘relevant’ or ‘non-relevant’ for evaluation of the search engine’s precision. To evaluate response time, normalised recall ratios were calculated at various cut-off points for each query and search engine. This study shows that Google appears to be the best search engine in terms of both average precision (70% and average response time (2 s. Gigablast and AlltheWeb performed the worst overall in this study.

  13. Nonlinear analysis of RED - a comparative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Random Early Detection (RED) is an active queue management (AQM) mechanism for routers on the Internet. In this paper, performance of RED and Adaptive RED are compared from the viewpoint of nonlinear dynamics. In particular, we reveal the relationship between the performance of the network and its nonlinear dynamical behavior. We measure the maximal Lyapunov exponent and Hurst parameter of the average queue length of RED and Adaptive RED, as well as the throughput and packet loss rate of the aggregate traffic on the bottleneck link. Our simulation scenarios include FTP flows and Web flows, one-way and two-way traffic. In most situations, Adaptive RED has smaller maximal Lyapunov exponents, lower Hurst parameters, higher throughput and lower packet loss rate than that of RED. This confirms that Adaptive RED has better performance than RED

  14. Regression Analysis of Effective Factor on People Participation in Protecting, Revitalizing, Developing and Using Renewable Natural Resources in Ilam Province from the View of Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagher Arayesh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The purpose of this study was the regression analysis of effective factor on people participation in protecting, revitalizing, developing and using renewable natural resources in Ilam province. Approach: This study was a casual comparative and applies one. Sample was taken from natural resources users. Results: The sample size of groups was 317 for users respectively. For sample selection, stratified, cluster and multiple sampling were utilized. The main tools for gathering data were questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were obtained by experts and pilot study and its Alfa level was 88%. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used and data was analyzed by sp. 15. To test the hypothesis, correlation, multiple regressions were employed. Conclusion: The result indicated that level of education, rate of media using, users trusting on natural resources executive, consulting with users before implementation the plans, number of cattles, kind of occupation, users membership in public institution and organization, social status of users, Technical knowledge of users, present status of natural of natural resources extensive plans, political and low full support of users, amount of loan received by users and organizing nature assistant, have a significant role on people participation on protecting, revitalizing, developing and using renewable natural resources.

  15. Comparative Analysis Of Cloud Computing Security Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AKRAM MUJAHID

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Almost all the organizations are seriously thinking to adopt the cloud computingservices, seeing its benefits in terms of cost, accessibility, availability, flexibility andhighly automated process of updation. Cloud Computing enhance the current capabilitiesdynamically without further investment. Cloud Computing is a band of resources, applicationsand services. In cloud computing customer’s access IT related services in terms of infrastructure platform and software without getting knowledge of underlying technologies. With the executionof cloud computing, organizations have strong concerns about the security of their data.Organizations are hesitating to take initiatives in the deployment of their businesses due to data security problem. This paper gives an overview of cloud computing and analysis of security issues in cloud computing.

  16. Vegetation Change Analysis User's Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. J. Hansen; W. K. Ostler

    2002-10-01

    Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Diagnostic techniques are needed to identify thresholds of sustainable military use. A cooperative effort among U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, and selected university scientists was undertaken to focus on developing new techniques for monitoring and mitigating military impacts in arid lands. This manual focuses on the development of new monitoring techniques that have been implemented at Fort Irwin, California. New mitigation techniques are described in a separate companion manual. This User's Manual is designed to address diagnostic capabilities needed to distinguish between various degrees of sustainable and nonsustainable impacts due to military training and testing and habitat-disturbing activities in desert ecosystems. Techniques described here focus on the use of high-resolution imagery and the application of image-processing techniques developed primarily for medical research. A discussion is provided about the measurement of plant biomass and shrub canopy cover in arid. lands using conventional methods. Both semiquantitative methods and quantitative methods are discussed and reference to current literature is provided. A background about the use of digital imagery to measure vegetation is presented.

  17. A comparative analysis of trypanosomatid SNARE proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murungi, Edwin; Barlow, Lael D; Venkatesh, Divya; Adung'a, Vincent O; Dacks, Joel B; Field, Mark C; Christoffels, Alan

    2014-04-01

    The Kinetoplastida are flagellated protozoa evolutionary distant and divergent from yeast and humans. Kinetoplastida include trypanosomatids, and a number of important pathogens. Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania spp. inflict significant morbidity and mortality on humans and livestock as the etiological agents of human African trypanosomiasis, Chagas' disease and leishmaniasis respectively. For all of these organisms, intracellular trafficking is vital for maintenance of the host-pathogen interface, modulation/evasion of host immune system responses and nutrient uptake. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) are critical components of the intracellular trafficking machinery in eukaryotes, mediating membrane fusion and contributing to organelle specificity. We asked how the SNARE complement evolved across the trypanosomatids. An in silico search of the predicted proteomes of T. b. brucei and T. cruzi was used to identify candidate SNARE sequences. Phylogenetic analysis, including comparisons with yeast and human SNAREs, allowed assignment of trypanosomatid SNAREs to the Q or R subclass, as well as identification of several SNAREs orthologous with those of opisthokonts. Only limited variation in number and identity of SNAREs was found, with Leishmania major having 27 and T. brucei 26, suggesting a stable SNARE complement post-speciation. Expression analysis of T. brucei SNAREs revealed significant differential expression between mammalian and insect infective forms, especially within R and Qb-SNARE subclasses, suggesting possible roles in adaptation to different environments. For trypanosome SNAREs with clear orthologs in opisthokonts, the subcellular localization of TbVAMP7C is endosomal while both TbSyn5 and TbSyn16B are at the Golgi complex, which suggests conservation of localization and possibly also function. Despite highly distinct life styles, the complement of trypanosomatid SNAREs is quite stable between the three pathogenic lineages, suggesting establishment in the last common ancestor of trypanosomes and Leishmania. Developmental changes to SNARE mRNA levels between blood steam and procyclic life stages suggest that trypanosomes modulate SNARE functions via expression. Finally, the locations of some conserved SNAREs have been retained across the eukaryotic lineage. PMID:24269876

  18. Comparative economic analysis: Anaerobic digester case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An economic guide is developed to assess the value of anaerobic digesters used on dairy farms. Two varieties of anaerobic digesters, a conventional mixed-tank mesophilic and an innovative earthen psychrophilic, are comparatively evaluated using a cost-effectiveness index. The two case study examples are also evaluated using three other investment merit statistics: simple payback period, net present value, and internal rate of return. Life-cycle savings are estimated for both varieties, with sensitivities considered for investment risk. The conclusion is that an earthen psychrophilic digester can have a significant economic advantage over a mixed-tank mesophilic digester because of lower capital cost and reduced operation and maintenance expenses. Because of this economic advantage, additional projects are being conducted in North Carolina to increase the rate of biogas utilization. The initial step includes using biogas for milk cooling at the dairy farm where the existing psychrophilic digester is located. Further, a new project is being initiated for electricity production with thermal reclaim at a swine operation

  19. Comparative Analysis of Various Scheduling Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalit Kishor, Dinesh Goyal

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Scheduling is the technique used for controlling the order of the job which is to be performed by a CPU of a computer. The motive of scheduling is to engage the CPU at its maximum capacity and no process shall wait for longer time and to finish the entire task in minimum possible time. In this paper, we discuss various types of Scheduling algorithms and Compare their performance on terms of throughput and waiting time. First of them is First Come First Served (FCFS which is a non-preemptive and the simplest scheduling. FCFS is good for long job. Second is Shortest Job First (SJF scheduling which selects that job first which has least processing time i.e. the processing demanding the less CPU time is executed first. Next is Round Robin (RR scheduling, it removes the drawbacks of FCFS by preempting running jobs periodically. But if the length of time quantum is too short then more time will waste in context switching. Last one is Priority Based scheduling where each process is assigned a priority (preference to create the order of execution.

  20. Comparative network analysis via differential graphlet communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Serene W H; Cercone, Nick; Jurisica, Igor

    2015-01-01

    While current protein interaction data provides a rich resource for molecular biology, it mostly lacks condition-specific details. Abundance of mRNA data for most diseases provides potential to model condition-specific transcriptional changes. Transcriptional data enables modeling disease mechanisms, and in turn provide potential treatments. While approaches to compare networks constructed from healthy and disease samples have been developed, they do not provide the complete comparison, evaluations are performed on very small networks, or no systematic network analyses are performed on differential network structures. We propose a novel method for efficiently exploiting network structure information in the comparison between any graphs, and validate results in non-small cell lung cancer. We introduce the notion of differential graphlet community to detect deregulated subgraphs between any graphs such that the network structure information is exploited. The differential graphlet community approach systematically captures network structure differences between any graphs. Instead of using connectivity of each protein or each edge, we used shortest path distributions on differential graphlet communities in order to exploit network structure information on identified deregulated subgraphs. We validated the method by analyzing three non-small cell lung cancer datasets and validated results on four independent datasets. We observed that the shortest path lengths are significantly longer for normal graphs than for tumor graphs between genes that are in differential graphlet communities, suggesting that tumor cells create "shortcuts" between biological processes that may not be present in normal conditions. PMID:25283527

  1. Comparative analysis of mobilizable genomic islands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daccord, Aurélie; Ceccarelli, Daniela; Rodrigue, Sébastien; Burrus, Vincent

    2013-02-01

    Mobilizable genomic islands (MGIs) are small genomic islands of less than 35 kbp containing an integrase gene and a sequence that resembles the origin of transfer (oriT) of an integrating conjugative element (ICE). MGIs have been shown to site-specifically integrate and excise from the chromosome of bacterial hosts and hijack the conjugative machinery of a coresident ICE to disseminate. To date, MGIs have been described in three strains belonging to three different Vibrio species. In this study, we report the discovery of 11 additional putative MGIs found in various species of Vibrio, Alteromonas, Pseudoalteromonas, and Methylophaga. We designed an MGI capture system that allowed us to relocate chromosomal MGIs onto a low-copy-number plasmid and facilitate their isolation and sequencing. Comparative genomics and phylogenetic analyses of these mobile genetic elements revealed their mosaic structure and their evolution through recombination and acquisition of exogenous DNA. MGIs were found to belong to a larger family of genomic islands (GIs) sharing a similar integrase gene and often integrated into the same integration site yet exhibiting a different mechanism of regulation of excision and mobilization. We found that MGIs can excise only when an ICE of the SXT/R391 family is coresident in the same cell, while GIs still excise regardless. PMID:23204461

  2. Comparative proteomics analysis of human gastric cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Li, Jian-Fang Li, Ying Qu, Xue-Hua Chen, Jian-Min Qin, Qin-Long Gu, Min Yan, Zheng-Gang Zhu, Bing-Ya Liu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To isolate and identify differentially expressed proteins between cancer and normal tissues of gastric cancer by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS.METHODS: Soluble fraction proteins of gastric cancer tissues and paired normal tissues were separated by 2-DE. The differentially expressed proteins were selected and identified by MALDI-TOF-MS and database search.RESULTS: 2-DE profiles with high resolution and reproducibility were obtained. Twenty-three protein spots were excised from sliver staining gel and digested in gel by trypsin, in which fifteen protein spots were identified successfully. Among the identified proteins, there were ten over-expressed and five under-expressed proteins in stomach cancer tissues compared with normal tissues.CONCLUSION: In this study, the well-resolved, reproducible 2-DE patterns of human gastric cancer tissue and paired normal tissue were established and optimized and certain differentially-expressed proteins were identified. The combined use of 2-DE and MS provides an effective approach to screen for potential tumor markers.

  3. Comparative analysis of metazoan chromatin organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Joshua W K; Jung, Youngsook L; Liu, Tao; Alver, Burak H; Lee, Soohyun; Ikegami, Kohta; Sohn, Kyung-Ah; Minoda, Aki; Tolstorukov, Michael Y; Appert, Alex; Parker, Stephen C J; Gu, Tingting; Kundaje, Anshul; Riddle, Nicole C; Bishop, Eric; Egelhofer, Thea A; Hu, Sheng'en Shawn; Alekseyenko, Artyom A; Rechtsteiner, Andreas; Asker, Dalal; Belsky, Jason A; Bowman, Sarah K; Chen, Q Brent; Chen, Ron A-J; Day, Daniel S; Dong, Yan; Dose, Andrea C; Duan, Xikun; Epstein, Charles B; Ercan, Sevinc; Feingold, Elise A; Ferrari, Francesco; Garrigues, Jacob M; Gehlenborg, Nils; Good, Peter J; Haseley, Psalm; He, Daniel; Herrmann, Moritz; Hoffman, Michael M; Jeffers, Tess E; Kharchenko, Peter V; Kolasinska-Zwierz, Paulina; Kotwaliwale, Chitra V; Kumar, Nischay; Langley, Sasha A; Larschan, Erica N; Latorre, Isabel; Libbrecht, Maxwell W; Lin, Xueqiu; Park, Richard; Pazin, Michael J; Pham, Hoang N; Plachetka, Annette; Qin, Bo; Schwartz, Yuri B; Shoresh, Noam; Stempor, Przemyslaw; Vielle, Anne; Wang, Chengyang; Whittle, Christina M; Xue, Huiling; Kingston, Robert E; Kim, Ju Han; Bernstein, Bradley E; Dernburg, Abby F; Pirrotta, Vincenzo; Kuroda, Mitzi I; Noble, William S; Tullius, Thomas D; Kellis, Manolis; MacAlpine, David M; Strome, Susan; Elgin, Sarah C R; Liu, Xiaole Shirley; Lieb, Jason D; Ahringer, Julie; Karpen, Gary H; Park, Peter J

    2014-08-28

    Genome function is dynamically regulated in part by chromatin, which consists of the histones, non-histone proteins and RNA molecules that package DNA. Studies in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster have contributed substantially to our understanding of molecular mechanisms of genome function in humans, and have revealed conservation of chromatin components and mechanisms. Nevertheless, the three organisms have markedly different genome sizes, chromosome architecture and gene organization. On human and fly chromosomes, for example, pericentric heterochromatin flanks single centromeres, whereas worm chromosomes have dispersed heterochromatin-like regions enriched in the distal chromosomal 'arms', and centromeres distributed along their lengths. To systematically investigate chromatin organization and associated gene regulation across species, we generated and analysed a large collection of genome-wide chromatin data sets from cell lines and developmental stages in worm, fly and human. Here we present over 800 new data sets from our ENCODE and modENCODE consortia, bringing the total to over 1,400. Comparison of combinatorial patterns of histone modifications, nuclear lamina-associated domains, organization of large-scale topological domains, chromatin environment at promoters and enhancers, nucleosome positioning, and DNA replication patterns reveals many conserved features of chromatin organization among the three organisms. We also find notable differences in the composition and locations of repressive chromatin. These data sets and analyses provide a rich resource for comparative and species-specific investigations of chromatin composition, organization and function. PMID:25164756

  4. Strategic cost-benefit analysis of energy policies: comparative analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davitian, H.; Groncki, P.J.; Kleeman, P.; Lukachinski, J.; Goettle, R.J. IV; Hudson, E.A.

    1979-10-01

    Current US energy policy includes many programs directed toward restructuring the energy system in order to decrease US dependence on foreign supplies and to increase our reliance on plentiful and environmentally benign energy flow. This study describes three possible energy strategies and analyzes each in terms of its economic, environmental, and national security benefits and costs. Each strategy is represented by a specific policy. In the first strategy no additional programs or policies are initiated beyond those currently in effect or announced. The second is directed toward reducing the growth in energy demand, i.e., energy conservation. The third promotes increased domestic supply through accelerated development of synthetic and unconventional fuels. The analysis focuses on the evaluation and comparison of these strategy alternatives with respect to their energy, economic, and environmental consequences. The results indicate that conservation can substantially reduce import dependence and slow the growth of energy demand, with only a small macroeconomic cost and with substantial environmental benefits; the synfuels policy reduces imports by a smaller amount, does not reduce the growth in energy demand, involves substantial environmental costs, and slows the rate of economic growth. These relationships could be different if the energy savings per unit cost for conservation are less than anticipated, or if the costs of synthetic fuels can be significantly lowered. Given these uncertainties, both conservation and RD and D support for synfuels should be included in future energy policy. However, between these policy alternatives, conservation appears to be the preferred strategy. The results of this study are presented in three reports: The Overview; The Detailed Projections; and The Comparative Analysis.

  5. CARBON SEQUESTRATION: A METHODS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All human activities are related with the energy consumption. Energy requirements will continue to rise, due to the modern life and the developing countries growth. Most of the energy demand emanates from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels combustion has negative environmental impacts, with the CO2 production to be dominating. The fulfillment of the Kyoto protocol criteria requires the minimization of CO2 emissions. Thus the management of the CO2 emissions is an urgent matter. The use of appliances with low energy use and the adoption of an energy policy that prevents the unnecessary energy use, can play lead to the reduction of carbon emissions. A different route is the introduction of ''clean'' energy sources, such as renewable energy sources. Last but not least, the development of carbon sequestration methods can be promising technique with big future potential. The objective of this work is the analysis and comparison of different carbon sequestration and deposit methods. Ocean deposit, land ecosystems deposit, geological formations deposit and radical biological and chemical approaches will be analyzed

  6. User's guide for 10 CFR 61 impact analysis codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document explains how to use the Impact Analysis Codes used in the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) (NUREG-0782, Vol. 1-4) supporting 10 CFR 61, Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste. The mathematical development of the impact Analysis Codes and other information necessary to understand the results of using the Codes is contained in the DEIS, and in a supporting document, Data Base for Radioactive Waste Management (NUREG/CR-1759, Vol. 1-3). This document was prepared with the intention of accompanying a computer magnetic tape containing the Impact Analysis Codes. A form is included at the end of this document which can be used to obtain such a tape

  7. Measuring user similarity using electric circuit analysis: application to collaborative filtering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Joonhyuk; Kim, Jinwook; Kim, Wonjoon; Kim, Young Hwan

    2012-01-01

    We propose a new technique of measuring user similarity in collaborative filtering using electric circuit analysis. Electric circuit analysis is used to measure the potential differences between nodes on an electric circuit. In this paper, by applying this method to transaction networks comprising users and items, i.e., user-item matrix, and by using the full information about the relationship structure of users in the perspective of item adoption, we overcome the limitations of one-to-one similarity calculation approach, such as the Pearson correlation, Tanimoto coefficient, and Hamming distance, in collaborative filtering. We found that electric circuit analysis can be successfully incorporated into recommender systems and has the potential to significantly enhance predictability, especially when combined with user-based collaborative filtering. We also propose four types of hybrid algorithms that combine the Pearson correlation method and electric circuit analysis. One of the algorithms exceeds the performance of the traditional collaborative filtering by 37.5% at most. This work opens new opportunities for interdisciplinary research between physics and computer science and the development of new recommendation systems. PMID:23145095

  8. Exploiting Formal Concept Analysis in a Customizing Recommendation for New User and Gray Sheep Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaohui; Murata, Tomohiro

    Recommender systems are becoming an indispensable application and re-shaping the world in e-commerce scopes. This paper reviews the major problems in the existing recommender systems and presents a tracking recommendation approach based on information of user's behavior and two-level property of items. A new recommendation model based the synergistic use of knowledge from repository, which includes user's behavior, and items property was constructed and utilizes the Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) mapping to guide a personalized recommendation for user. We simulate a prototype recommender system that can make the quality recommendation by tracking user's behavior for implementing the proposed approach and testing its performance. Experiments using two datasets show our strategy was more robust against the drawbacks and preponderate over traditional recommendation approaches in cold-start conditions.

  9. Empirical analysis of web-based user-object bipartite networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Ming-Sheng; Lü, Linyuan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

    2010-05-01

    Understanding the structure and evolution of web-based user-object networks is a significant task since they play a crucial role in e-commerce nowadays. This letter reports the empirical analysis on two large-scale web sites, audioscrobbler.com and del.icio.us, where users are connected with music groups and bookmarks, respectively. The degree distributions and degree-degree correlations for both users and objects are reported. We propose a new index, named collaborative similarity, to quantify the diversity of tastes based on the collaborative selection. Accordingly, the correlation between degree and selection diversity is investigated. We report some novel phenomena well characterizing the selection mechanism of web users and outline the relevance of these phenomena to the information recommendation problem.

  10. Empirical analysis of web-based user-object bipartite networks

    CERN Document Server

    Shang, Mingsheng; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the structure and evolution of web-based user-object networks is a significant task since they play a crucial role in e-commerce nowadays. This Letter reports the empirical analysis on two large-scale web sites, audioscrobbler.com and del.icio.us, where users are connected with music groups and bookmarks, respectively. The degree distributions and degree-degree correlations for both users and objects are reported. We propose a new index, named collaborative clustering coefficient, to quantify the clustering behavior based on the collaborative selection. Accordingly, the clustering properties and clustering-degree correlations are investigated. We report some novel phenomena well characterizing the selection mechanism of web users and outline the relevance of these phenomena to the information recommendation problem.

  11. How different types of users develop trust in technology: a qualitative analysis of the antecedents of active and passive user trust in a shared technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jie; Le, Kim; Deitermann, Annika; Montague, Enid

    2014-11-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the antecedents of trust in technology for active users and passive users working with a shared technology. According to the prominence-interpretation theory, to assess the trustworthiness of a technology, a person must first perceive and evaluate elements of the system that includes the technology. An experimental study was conducted with 54 participants who worked in two-person teams in a multi-task environment with a shared technology. Trust in technology was measured using a trust in technology questionnaire and antecedents of trust were elicited using an open-ended question. A list of antecedents of trust in technology was derived using qualitative analysis techniques. The following categories emerged from the antecedent: technology factors, user factors, and task factors. Similarities and differences between active users and passive user responses, in terms of trust in technology were discussed. PMID:24882059

  12. CULTURE AND SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE: ANALYSIS OF JAPANESE TWITTER USERS

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Acar; Ayaka Deguchi

    2013-01-01

    Twitter, one of the most popular microblogging tools, has been used extensively all around the world. However, up to date, no study has addressed how culture influences the use of this communication platform. In order to close the literature gap and promote cross-cultural understandings, this paper content analyzed 4,000 tweets from 200 college students in Japan and the USA. The results showed that Japanese college students post more self-related messages and ask fewer questions compared to ...

  13. Neutron activation analysis at the Californium User Facility for Neutron Science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Californium User Facility (CUF) for Neutron Science has been established to provide 252Cf-based neutron irradiation services and research capabilities including neutron activation analysis (NAA). A major advantage of the CUF is its accessibility and controlled experimental conditions compared with those of a reactor environment The CUF maintains the world's largest inventory of compact 252Cf neutron sources. Neutron source intensities of ? 1011 neutrons/s are available for irradiations within a contamination-free hot cell, capable of providing thermal and fast neutron fluxes exceeding 108 cm-2 s-1 at the sample. Total flux of ?109 cm-2 s-1 is feasible for large-volume irradiation rabbits within the 252Cf storage pool. Neutron and gamma transport calculations have been performed using the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP to estimate irradiation fluxes available for sample activation within the hot cell and storage pool and to design and optimize a prompt gamma NAA (PGNAA) configuration for large sample volumes. Confirmatory NAA irradiations have been performed within the pool. Gamma spectroscopy capabilities including PGNAA are being established within the CUF for sample analysis

  14. Instrumental activation analysis with nichrome comparator of reactor neutron flux

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron flux comparator, made of a nichrome wire, for insrtumental activation analysis has been studied. A formula has been derived for calculation of element contents of a sample from the activities of the sample and comparatoe. Using a nichrome comparator, it is possible to carry out multielement instrumental neutron activation analysis with an error of about 10% rel

  15. Comparative analysis from hydroelectric generation versus natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the work was to present a comparative analysis between hydroelectric generation and natural gas based on integrated resource planning and sustainable development. The introduced comparative analysis considers the financial aspects; the appropriated technology; and the social, environmental and political factors. The hydroelectric option it showed more advantageous than the thermoelectric. This result was independent of the enterprise scale

  16. User Suggestions Extraction from customer Reviews A Sentiment Analysis approach

    OpenAIRE

    Vishwanath.J,; Aishwarya.S

    2011-01-01

    Customer review is a major criterion for the improvement of the quality of services rendered and enhancement of the deliverables. Blogs, articles and discussion forums, provide manufacturers or sellers with a good understanding of the reception level of their products in the competitive market. An interesting area from the business analysis perspective, this paper discusses an opinion based mining technique for the extraction of the relevant data using Natural Language Processing and text ana...

  17. Multi-user Twitter Analysis for Crisis Room Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Butscher, Simon; Mu?ller, Jens; Weiler, Andreas; Ra?dle, Roman; Reiterer, Harald; Scholl, Marc H.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we suggest novel interaction and visualization techniques for a prospective ECML crisis room environment focusing on the analysis of social media data. For this purpose we describe both, concepts providing a Daily Newsflash and concepts for the preparation of Daily Reports referring to a selected incident or crisis situation. The Daily Newsflash is an overview of global incidents regarding humanitarian crises, natural disasters, disease outbreaks, conflicts, etc. Such a bulletin...

  18. NFAP: the nonlinear finite element analysis program. Users manual; Version 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief outline of the analysis capability together with the input instructions are given for a nonlinear finite element analysis program called NFAP, which is an extended version of the NONSAP Program. Extensions include additional element types, material models and several user's features as further described in the report. Similar to NONSAP, the NFAP program can be used for conducting linear or nonlinear analysis of various structures under static or dynamic loadings. Nonlinearities involve both nonlinear materials and large deformations

  19. A comparative study of descriptions and value added of bibliographic records through MARC, DC and MODS: From the viewpoints of the users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huei-Chu Chang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understand which bibliographic data are the core elements of the user’s queries? What users’ viewpoints about resource descriptions using different metadata standards? What kinds of value-added items are the users’ favorite when they conduct a bibliographic search? What are users’ viewpoints about bibliographic records integrated with the Digital Archival and Institutional Repository resources through metadata interoperability methods? This research adopted experiments, observation and interviews. The sample subjects are drawn from 14 students of The Graduate Institute of Library and Information Science and College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. First of all, the researcher displayed the bibliographic records using original MARC from the library. Secondly, users compared the images of OPAC from the library with the format of DC and MODS transformed through the MarcEdit software. Additionally, the researcher conducted interviews to understand users’ viewpoints about using three metadata schemas to describe the same book. Finally, the researcher asked the degree of users’ satisfaction about using bibliographic records alone and bibliographic records integrated with the Digital Archival and Institutional Repository resources. The findings suggest that libraries could provide more value-added and comprehensive services of bibliographic records and information retrieval, in order for all kinds of resources to be fully utilized, which helps to meet the users’ information needs.

  20. A Conjoint Analysis Framework for Evaluating User Preferences in Machine Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchhoff, Katrin; Capurro, Daniel; Turner, Anne M

    2014-03-01

    Despite much research on machine translation (MT) evaluation, there is surprisingly little work that directly measures users' intuitive or emotional preferences regarding different types of MT errors. However, the elicitation and modeling of user preferences is an important prerequisite for research on user adaptation and customization of MT engines. In this paper we explore the use of conjoint analysis as a formal quantitative framework to assess users' relative preferences for different types of translation errors. We apply our approach to the analysis of MT output from translating public health documents from English into Spanish. Our results indicate that word order errors are clearly the most dispreferred error type, followed by word sense, morphological, and function word errors. The conjoint analysis-based model is able to predict user preferences more accurately than a baseline model that chooses the translation with the fewest errors overall. Additionally we analyze the effect of using a crowd-sourced respondent population versus a sample of domain experts and observe that main preference effects are remarkably stable across the two samples. PMID:24683295

  1. Does social media users’ commenting behavior differ by their local community tie? A computer–assisted linguistic analysis approach

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Weiai Wayne Department Of Communication At The University At Buffalo; Li, Liangyue Department Of Electrical And Computer Engineering At Northeastern University In Boston; Stefanone, Michael A. Department Of Communication At The University At Buffalo; Fu, Yun Assistant Professor And Founding Director Of The Smile Lab In The Department Of Electrical And Computer Engineering At Northeastern University At Boston

    2013-01-01

    This study is an exploratory attempt to use automatic linguistic analysis for understanding social media users’ news commenting behavior. The study addresses geographically–based dynamics in human–computer interaction, namely, users’ tie to a geographic community. Specifically, the study reveals that commenting behavior differs between users of different levels of local community tie. Comments by local users, those with higher level of local community tie, exhibit different linguistic...

  2. Comparative QSAR analysis of cyclo-oxygenase2 inhibiting drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Mohanapriya, Arumugam; Achuthan, Dayalan

    2012-01-01

    Cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX2) inhibiting drugs were subjected to comparative quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) analysis with an attempt to derive and to understand the relationship between the biological activity and molecular descriptors by multiple regression analysis. The different drugs that inhibit cyclo-oxygenase 2 enzyme were compared instead of subjecting one drug and its derivatives to QSAR analysis. The study was conducted to look for the common structural f...

  3. Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data

    CERN Document Server

    Hoxha, Julia; Agarwal, Sudhir

    2012-01-01

    A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of semantic and temporal-based constraints. We have processed over 30 thousand user browsing sessions extracted from usage logs of DBPedia and Semantic Web Dog Food. All these events are formalized semantically using respective domain ontologies and RDF representations of the Web resources being accessed. We show the eectiveness of our approach through experimental results, providing in this way an exploratory analysis of the way users browse theWeb of Data.

  4. Exploratory analysis of user-generated photos and indicators that influence their appeal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urban Sedlar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze if simple indicators related to photo quality (brightness, sharpness, color palette and established content detection techniques (face detection can predict the success of photos in obtaining more “likes” from other users of photo-sharing social networks. This provides a unique look into the habits of users of such networks. The analysis was performed on 394.000 images downloaded from the social photo-sharing site Instagram, paired with a de-identified dataset of user liking activity, provided by a seller of a social-media mobile app. Two user groups were analyzed: all users in a two month period (N = 122.260 and a highly selective group (N = 3.982 of users that only like <10% of what they view. No correlation was found with any of the indicators using the whole (non-selective population, likely due to their bias towards earning virtual currency in exchange for liking. However, in selective group, small positive correlation was found between like ratio and image sharpness (r=0.09, p<0.0001 and small negative correlation between like ratio and the number of faces (r=-0.10, p<0.0001.

  5. Comparative analysis of 1-phenyl-2-propanone (P2P), an amphetamine-type stimulant precursor, using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry: presented in part as a poster at the 2nd meeting of the Joint European Stable Isotope User Meeting (JESIUM), Giens, France, September 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiders, S; Holdermann, T; Dahlenburg, R

    2009-06-01

    The isotope ratios of amphetamine type stimulants (ATS) depend as well on the precursor as the synthetic pathway. For clandestine production of amphetamine and methamphetamine, 1-phenyl-2-propanone (P2P, benzylmethylketone) is a commonly used precursor. Our aim was to determine the variation of the isotope ratios within precursor samples of one manufacturer and to compare seized samples of unknown sources to these values. delta13C(V-PDB), delta2H(V-SMOW) and delta118O(V-SMOW) isotope ratios were determined using elemental analysis (EA) and gas chromatography (GC) coupled toan isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS). The comparison of all seized samples to the data of the samples of one manufacturer revealed considerable differences. The results show that IRMS provides a high potential in differentiating between precursors from different manufacturers for the clandestine production of ATS and identifying corresponding sources. PMID:19606587

  6. A User-Oriented Interface for Generalised Informetric Analysis Based on Applying Advanced Data Modelling Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvelin, Kalervo; Ingwersen, Peter; Niemi, Timo

    2000-01-01

    Presents a user-oriented interface for generalized informetric analysis and demonstrates how informetric calculations can be specified through advanced data modeling techniques. Topics include bibliographic data; online information retrieval systems; citation networks; query interface; impact factors; data restructuring; and multi-level…

  7. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Training Requirements Analysis Model Users Guide. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

    This user's guide describes the functions, logical operations and subroutines, input data requirements, and available outputs of the Training Requirements Analysis Model (TRAMOD), a computerized analytical life cycle cost modeling system for use in the early stages of system design. Operable in a stand-alone mode, TRAMOD can be used for the…

  8. WT-ERA user's manual. Program for Wind Turbine. Extreme Response Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the IEC61400-1 (2005) edition 3 standard has been issued the statistical extrapolation of responses for the ultimate strength analysis is part of the design of wind turbines. At ECN a software tool WT-ERA is developed to facilitate statistical extrapolation for the wind turbine industry. This report is a user's manual for the WT-ERA software.

  9. imDEV: a graphical user interface to R multivariate analysis tools in Microsoft Excel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interactive modules for data exploration and visualization (imDEV) is a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet embedded application providing an integrated environment for the analysis of omics data sets with a user-friendly interface. Individual modules were designed to provide toolsets to enable interactive ...

  10. E-learning interventions are comparable to user's manual in a randomized trial of training strategies for the AGREE II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durocher Lisa D

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Practice guidelines (PGs are systematically developed statements intended to assist in patient and practitioner decisions. The AGREE II is the revised tool for PG development, reporting, and evaluation, comprised of 23 items, two global rating scores, and a new User's Manual. In this study, we sought to develop, execute, and evaluate the impact of two internet interventions designed to accelerate the capacity of stakeholders to use the AGREE II. Methods Participants were randomized to one of three training conditions. 'Tutorial'--participants proceeded through the online tutorial with a virtual coach and reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II. 'Tutorial + Practice Exercise'--in addition to the Tutorial, participants also appraised a 'practice' PG. For the practice PG appraisal, participants received feedback on how their scores compared to expert norms and formative feedback if scores fell outside the predefined range. 'AGREE II User's Manual PDF (control condition'--participants reviewed a PDF copy of the AGREE II only. All participants evaluated a test PG using the AGREE II. Outcomes of interest were learners' performance, satisfaction, self-efficacy, mental effort, time-on-task, and perceptions of AGREE II. Results No differences emerged between training conditions on any of the outcome measures. Conclusions We believe these results can be explained by better than anticipated performance of the AGREE II PDF materials (control condition or the participants' level of health methodology and PG experience rather than the failure of the online training interventions. Some data suggest the online tools may be useful for trainees new to this field; however, this requires further study.

  11. A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villa Palmira

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing: phase, baseline correction and normalization. Importing processed spectra. Including/excluding spectral ranges, optional binning and bucketing, detection and alignment of peaks. Sorting of metabolites based on their ability to discriminate, metabolite selection, and outlier identification. Multivariate unsupervised analysis: principal components analysis (PCA. Multivariate supervised analysis: partial least squares (PLS, linear discriminant analysis (LDA, k-nearest neighbor classification. Neural networks. Visualization and overlapping of spectra. Plot values of the chemical shift position for different samples. Furthermore, the "Metabonomic" GUI includes a console to enable other kinds of analyses and to take advantage of all R statistical tools. Conclusion We made complex multivariate analysis user-friendly for both experienced and novice users, which could help to expand the use of NMR-based metabonomics.

  12. arrayCGHbase: an analysis platform for comparative genomic hybridization microarrays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreau Yves

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The availability of the human genome sequence as well as the large number of physically accessible oligonucleotides, cDNA, and BAC clones across the entire genome has triggered and accelerated the use of several platforms for analysis of DNA copy number changes, amongst others microarray comparative genomic hybridization (arrayCGH. One of the challenges inherent to this new technology is the management and analysis of large numbers of data points generated in each individual experiment. Results We have developed arrayCGHbase, a comprehensive analysis platform for arrayCGH experiments consisting of a MIAME (Minimal Information About a Microarray Experiment supportive database using MySQL underlying a data mining web tool, to store, analyze, interpret, compare, and visualize arrayCGH results in a uniform and user-friendly format. Following its flexible design, arrayCGHbase is compatible with all existing and forthcoming arrayCGH platforms. Data can be exported in a multitude of formats, including BED files to map copy number information on the genome using the Ensembl or UCSC genome browser. Conclusion ArrayCGHbase is a web based and platform independent arrayCGH data analysis tool, that allows users to access the analysis suite through the internet or a local intranet after installation on a private server. ArrayCGHbase is available at http://medgen.ugent.be/arrayCGHbase/.

  13. A multivariate analysis of the factors that influence the modification of sexual desire in oral hormonal contraceptive (OC users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Martin-Loeches

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This work studied the influencing factors of age, level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the age at which sexual relationships were initiated, parity, the method of contraceptive previously used, the type of contraceptive pill used and the duration of oral hormonal contraception (OC use in relation to the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Materials and Methods. Prospective study of 760 OC users at the Family Planning Center “Marina Alta” in Alicante (Spain. A logistical regression analysis was carried out to study the relative risk of reduction in libido, taking other risk factors into account. Results. In the simple analysis, women who initiated sexual relationships between 18 and 25 years of age had a lower sexual desire in comparison with women who were sexually active before the age of 18 (OR = 2.11; CI: 1.15 - 3.91. Nulliparous women had a reduced sexual desire compared with those women that had given birth (OR = 2.32; CI: 1.41 - 3.82. An OC use of between 6 months and 1 year reduced sexual desire in comparison with a use of less than 6 months (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64. In the multivariate analysis, age (OR = 1.12; CI: 1.01 - 1.21 and the use of OC within an initial 6 month to a year period (OR = 0.24; CI: 0.09 - 0.64 presented a statistically significant relationship with the modification of sexual desire. The level of education, family planning awareness, relationship with partner, the method of contraception previously used and the type of contraceptive pill prescribed showed no statistical significance with the modification of sexual desire in OC users. Conclusions. Sexual desire in OC users decreases as a woman’s age increases and in an early stage of use in the first six months after beginning OC treatment.

  14. TUCAN: Twitter User Centric ANalyzer

    OpenAIRE

    Munafo, Maurizio Matteo; Mellia, Marco; Grimaudo, Luigi; Baldi, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Twitter has attracted millions of users that generate a humongous flow of information at constant pace. The research community has thus started proposing tools to extract meaningful information from tweets. In this paper, we take a different angle from the mainstream of previous works: we explicitly target the analysis of the timeline of tweets from "single users". We define a framework - named TUCAN - to compare information offered by the target users over time, and to pinpoint recurrent top...

  15. A novel R-package graphic user interface for the analysis of metabonomic profiles

    OpenAIRE

    Villa Palmira; Kyriazis Angelos; Rodríguez Ignacio; Izquierdo-García Jose L; Barreiro Pilar; Desco Manuel; Ruiz-Cabello Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Analysis of the plethora of metabolites found in the NMR spectra of biological fluids or tissues requires data complexity to be simplified. We present a graphical user interface (GUI) for NMR-based metabonomic analysis. The "Metabonomic Package" has been developed for metabonomics research as open-source software and uses the R statistical libraries. Results The package offers the following options: Raw 1-dimensional spectra processing: phase, baseline correction and norma...

  16. Delight2 Daylighting Analysis in Energy Plus: Integration and Preliminary User Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, William L.; Hitchcock, Robert J.

    2005-04-26

    DElight is a simulation engine for daylight and electric lighting system analysis in buildings. DElight calculates interior illuminance levels from daylight, and the subsequent contribution required from electric lighting to meet a desired interior illuminance. DElight has been specifically designed to integrate with building thermal simulation tools. This paper updates the DElight capability set, the status of integration into the simulation tool EnergyPlus, and describes a sample analysis of a simple model from the user perspective.

  17. A comparative study between release analysis and column flotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jorge Pineres; Juan Barraza [Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia)

    2007-07-01

    This paper shows the results of a comparative study between release analysis and column flotation of three Colombian coals: Guachinte (South West), Cerrejon (North) and Nech (Midlands). Analysis release was used in order to evaluate the coal potential cleaning in terms of both low ash and high organic recovery of froth. Results from release analysis were compared with those from a column flotation and showed that the froth from Nechi coal had the highest recovery and the lowest ash, followed by Cerrejon and then by Guachinte. Results of release analysis were in agreement with the column flotation. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2 Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Palade, Vasile; Jain, Lakhmi

    2013-01-01

    This research volume focuses on analyzing the web user browsing behaviour and preferences in traditional web-based environments, social  networks and web 2.0 applications,  by using advanced  techniques in data acquisition, data processing, pattern extraction and  cognitive science for modeling the human actions.  The book is directed to  graduate students, researchers/scientists and engineers  interested in updating their knowledge with the recent trends in web user analysis, for developing the next generation of web-based systems and applications.

  19. Code development and analysis program. RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2): user's manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-08-01

    This manual describes RELAP4/MOD7 (Version 2), which is the latest version of the RELAP4 LPWR blowdown code. Version 2 is a precursor to the final version of RELAP4/MOD7, which will address LPWR LOCA analysis in integral fashion (i.e., blowdown, refill, and reflood in continuous fashion). This manual describes the new code models and provides application information required to utilize the code. It must be used in conjunction with the RELAP4/MOD5 User's Manual (ANCR-NUREG-1335, dated September 1976), and the RELAP4/MOD6 User's Manual (CDAP-TR-003, dated January 1978).

  20. Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Notess

    2004-01-01

    Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

  1. AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-10-01

    AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table. (RWR)

  2. Nuclear power plant control room crew task analysis database: SEEK system. Users manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Crew Task Analysis SEEK Users Manual was prepared for the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. It is designed for use with the existing computerized Control Room Crew Task Analysis Database. The SEEK system consists of a PR1ME computer with its associated peripherals and software augmented by General Physics Corporation SEEK database management software. The SEEK software programs provide the Crew Task Database user with rapid access to any number of records desired. The software uses English-like sentences to allow the user to construct logical sorts and outputs of the task data. Given the multiple-associative nature of the database, users can directly access the data at the plant, operating sequence, task or element level - or any combination of these levels. A complete description of the crew task data contained in the database is presented in NUREG/CR-3371, Task Analysis of Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Crews (Volumes 1 and 2)

  3. AITRAC: Augmented Interactive Transient Radiation Analysis by Computer. User's information manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AITRAC is a program designed for on-line, interactive, DC, and transient analysis of electronic circuits. The program solves linear and nonlinear simultaneous equations which characterize the mathematical models used to predict circuit response. The program features 100 external node--200 branch capability; conversional, free-format input language; built-in junction, FET, MOS, and switch models; sparse matrix algorithm with extended-precision H matrix and T vector calculations, for fast and accurate execution; linear transconductances: beta, GM, MU, ZM; accurate and fast radiation effects analysis; special interface for user-defined equations; selective control of multiple outputs; graphical outputs in wide and narrow formats; and on-line parameter modification capability. The user describes the problem by entering the circuit topology and part parameters. The program then automatically generates and solves the circuit equations, providing the user with printed or plotted output. The circuit topology and/or part values may then be changed by the user, and a new analysis, requested. Circuit descriptions may be saved on disk files for storage and later use. The program contains built-in standard models for resistors, voltage and current sources, capacitors, inductors including mutual couplings, switches, junction diodes and transistors, FETS, and MOS devices. Nonstandard models may be constructed from standard models or by using the special equations interface. Time functions may be described by straight-line segments or by sine, damped sine, and exponential functions. 42 figures, 1 table

  4. A comparative analysis of business corruption in Russia and China

    OpenAIRE

    Korobkov, Denis; Liu, Zhihua; Yue, Mingshi

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese markets in terms of businesscorruption. This study is based on quantitative and qualitative case analysis and small surveysaccording to different criteria.The aim of this work is to find out the general feature of corruption and show main differencesand similarities on corruption practices in Russian Federation and People’s Republic of China. Along with the comparative study this paper also presents general overview on corruption f...

  5. Chromosomal damage and apoptosis analysis in exfoliated oral epithelial cells from mouthwash and alcohol users

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo dos Santos, Rocha; José Roberto Cardoso, Meireles; Eneida de Moraes Marcílio, Cerqueira.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Chromosomal damage and apoptosis were analyzed in users of mouthwash and/or alcoholic beverages, using the micronucleus test on exfoliated oral mucosa cells. Samples from four groups of 20 individuals each were analyzed: three exposed groups (EG1, EG2 and EG3) and a control group (CG). EG1 comprised [...] mouthwash users; EG2 comprised drinkers, and EG3 users of both mouthwashes and alcoholic beverages. Cell material was collected by gently scraping the insides of the cheeks. Then the cells were fixed in a methanol/acetic acid (3:1) solution and stained and counterstained, respectively, with Schiff reactive and fast green. Endpoints were computed on 2,000 cells in a blind test. Statistical analysis showed that chromosomal damage and apoptosis were significantly higher in individuals of groups EG1 and EG3 than in controls (p

  6. Aggregate Characterization of User Behavior in Twitter and Analysis of the Retweet Graph

    CERN Document Server

    Bild, David R; Dick, Robert P; Mao, Z Morley; Wallach, Dan S

    2014-01-01

    Most previous analysis of Twitter user behavior is focused on individual information cascades and the social followers graph. We instead study aggregate user behavior and the retweet graph with a focus on quantitative descriptions. We find that the lifetime tweet distribution is a type-II discrete Weibull stemming from a power law hazard function, the tweet rate distribution, although asymptotically power law, exhibits a lognormal cutoff over finite sample intervals, and the inter-tweet interval distribution is power law with exponential cutoff. The retweet graph is small-world and scale-free, like the social graph, but is less disassortative and has much stronger clustering. These differences are consistent with it better capturing the real-world social relationships of and trust between users. Beyond just understanding and modeling human communication patterns and social networks, applications for alternative, decentralized microblogging systems-both predicting real-word performance and detecting spam-are d...

  7. Formal Model for Data Dependency Analysis between Controls and Actions of a Graphical User Interface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SKVORC, D.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available End-user development is an emerging computer science discipline that provides programming paradigms, techniques, and tools suitable for users not trained in software engineering. One of the techniques that allow ordinary computer users to develop their own applications without the need to learn a classic programming language is a GUI-level programming based on programming-by-demonstration. To build wizard-based tools that assist users in application development and to verify the correctness of user programs, a computer-supported method for GUI-level data dependency analysis is necessary. Therefore, formal model for GUI representation is needed. In this paper, we present a finite state machine for modeling the data dependencies between GUI controls and GUI actions. Furthermore, we present an algorithm for automatic construction of finite state machine for arbitrary GUI application. We show that proposed state aggregation scheme successfully manages state explosion in state machine construction algorithm, which makes the model applicable for applications with complex GUIs.

  8. Analysis and testing of the SELECS methodology, and users guide to SELECS software. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramek, R G; Purcupile, J C

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this report is twofold; first, to describe the analysis and testing of the SELECS Methodology for anomalies, and secondly, to present a users guide for the software implementation of the SELECS Methodology. The report consists of two major sections. The first section contains: a mathematical analysis of the SELECS Methodology, in which expressions are derived for writing values of site and process score sensitivity; a description of the software for testing the SELECS Methodology; and description and analysis of computer test runs of the SELECS Methodology, using randomized data for 167 test runs. The second section, which in the users guide contains: a description of the software programs SELECS, and CURVIA; and instructions for executing SELELS, CURVIA, and SELRND.

  9. Analysis of chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei and hematological disorders among workers of wireless communication instruments and cell phone (Mobile) users

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was carried out to investigate the hazardous effect of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) such as chromosomal aberration, disturbed micronucleus formation and hematological disorders that may detected among workers of wireless communication instruments and mobile phone users. Seven individuals ( 3 males and 4 females) of a central workers in the microwave unit of the wireless station and 7 users of Mobil phone (4 males and 3 females ) were volunteered to give blood samples. Chromosomes and micronucleus were prepared for cytogenetic analysis as well as blood film for differential count. The results obtained in the microwave group indicated that, the total summation of all types of aberrations (chromosomes and chromatid aberrations) had a frequency of 6. 14% for the exposed group, whereas, the frequency in the control group amounted to 1.57%. In Mobil phone users, the total summation of all types of aberrations(chromosome and chromatid aberrations) had a frequency of 4.43% for the exposed group and 1.71% for the control group. The incidence of the total number of micronuclei in the exposed microwave group was increased 4.3 folds as compared with those of the control group The incidence of the total number of micronuclei in the exposed mobile phone group was increased 2 fold as compared with those in the control group. On the other hand, normal ranges of total white blood cells counts were determined for mobile phone users but abnormalities in the differential cos but abnormalities in the differential counts of the different types of the white blood cells such as neutropenia, eosinophilia and lymphocytosis were observed in the individuals number 1,2,3,7 in microwave group

  10. Comparative Analysis of the Main Business Intelligence Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Rusaneanu, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, Business Intelligence solutions are the main tools for analyzing and monitoring the company’s performance at any organizational level. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the most powerful Business Intelligence solutions using a set of technical features such as infrastructure of the platform, development facilities, complex analysis tools, interactive dashboards and scorecards, mobile integration and complex implementation of performance management methodologies.

  11. EMERGY ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS A COMPARATIVE STUDY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Our mission at USEPA is to protect human health and safeguard the natural environment. We aim to base our environmental regulations and policies on sound scientific and, where appropriate, economic analyses. Although EPA has conducted analysis of the impact of regulations on ...

  12. A comparative analysis of the statistical properties of large mobile phone calling networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming-Xia; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Xie, Wen-Jie; Miccichè, Salvatore; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N.

    2014-05-01

    Mobile phone calling is one of the most widely used communication methods in modern society. The records of calls among mobile phone users provide us a valuable proxy for the understanding of human communication patterns embedded in social networks. Mobile phone users call each other forming a directed calling network. If only reciprocal calls are considered, we obtain an undirected mutual calling network. The preferential communication behavior between two connected users can be statistically tested and it results in two Bonferroni networks with statistically validated edges. We perform a comparative analysis of the statistical properties of these four networks, which are constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that these networks share many common structural properties and also exhibit idiosyncratic features when compared with previously studied large mobile calling networks. The empirical findings provide us an intriguing picture of a representative large social network that might shed new lights on the modelling of large social networks.

  13. Langley Stability and Transition Analysis Code (LASTRAC) Version 1.2 User Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chau-Lyan

    2004-01-01

    LASTRAC is a general-purposed, physics-based transition prediction code released by NASA for Laminar Flow Control studies and transition research. The design and development of the LASTRAC code is aimed at providing an engineering tool that is easy to use and yet capable of dealing with a broad range of transition related issues. It was written from scratch based on the state-of-the-art numerical methods for stability analysis and modern software technologies. At low fidelity, it allows users to perform linear stability analysis and N-factor transition correlation for a broad range of flow regimes and configurations by using either the linear stability theory or linear parabolized stability equations method. At high fidelity, users may use nonlinear PSE to track finite-amplitude disturbances until the skin friction rise. This document describes the governing equations, numerical methods, code development, detailed description of input/output parameters, and case studies for the current release of LASTRAC.

  14. Comparative analysis of traditional and alternative energy sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presented thesis with designation of Comparing analysis of traditional and alternative energy resources includes, on basis of theoretical information source, research in firm, internal data, trends in company development and market, description of the problem and its application. Theoretical information source is dedicated to the traditional and alternative energy resources, reserves of it, trends in using and development, the balance of it in the world, EU and in Slovakia as well. Analysis of the thesis is reflecting profile of the company and the thermal pump market evaluation using General Electric method. While the company is implementing, except other products, the thermal pumps on geothermal energy base and surround energy base (air), the mission of the comparing analysis is to compare traditional energy resources with thermal pump from the ecological, utility and economic side of it. The results of the comparing analysis are resumed in to the SWOT analysis. The part of the thesis includes t he questionnaire offer for effectiveness improvement and customer satisfaction analysis, and expected possibilities of alternative energy resources assistance (benefits) from the government and EU funds. (authors)

  15. Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data

    OpenAIRE

    Hoxha, Julia; Junghans, Martin; Agarwal, Sudhir

    2012-01-01

    A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of sem...

  16. NECAP 4.1: NASA's energy-cost analysis program user's manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, R. N.; Henninger, R. H.; Miner, D. L.

    1983-01-01

    The Enery Cost Analysis Program (NECAP) is a powerful computerized method to determine and to minimize building energy consumption. The program calculates hourly heat gain or losses taking into account the building thermal resistance and mass, using hourly weather and a "response factor' method. Internal temperatures are allowed to vary in accordance with thermostat settings and equipment capacity. A simplified input procedure and numerous other technical improvements are presented. This Users Manual describes the program and provides examples.

  17. Alkahest NuclearBLAST : a user-friendly BLAST management and analysis system

    OpenAIRE

    Burke Mark; Windham DE; Kalat Sam E; Houfek Thomas D; Diener Stephen E; Opperman Charles; Dean Ralph A

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background - Sequencing of EST and BAC end datasets is no longer limited to large research groups. Drops in per-base pricing have made high throughput sequencing accessible to individual investigators. However, there are few options available which provide a free and user-friendly solution to the BLAST result storage and data mining needs of biologists. Results - Here we describe NuclearBLAST, a batch BLAST analysis, storage and management system designed for the biologist. It is a w...

  18. imDEV: a graphical user interface to R multivariate analysis tools in Microsoft Excel

    OpenAIRE

    Grapov, Dmitry; Newman, John W.

    2012-01-01

    Summary: Interactive modules for Data Exploration and Visualization (imDEV) is a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet embedded application providing an integrated environment for the analysis of omics data through a user-friendly interface. Individual modules enables interactive and dynamic analyses of large data by interfacing R's multivariate statistics and highly customizable visualizations with the spreadsheet environment, aiding robust inferences and generating information-rich data visualization...

  19. Symbolic Data Analysis for the Assessment of User Satisfaction: An Application to Reading Rooms Services.

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, A?urea; Toma?s, Lici?nio Manuel Vicente; Silva, Osvaldo; Bacelar-nicolau, Helena

    2013-01-01

    This paper re-examines and deepens the study of a portion of the data collected within the context of a wider 2007 research project conducted in the Autonomous Region of Azores. The 2007 study aimed to understand users’ habits, attitudes and cultural practices, concerning reading and utilization of different library services, archives and museums. Based upon knowledge that only data analysis of a representative sample can supply, the study aimed to identify the aspects that should be priori...

  20. mcaGUI: microbial community analysis R-Graphical User Interface (GUI)

    OpenAIRE

    Copeland, Wade K.; Krishnan, Vandhana; Beck, Daniel; Settles, Matt; Foster, James A.; Cho, Kyu-chul; Day, Mitch; Hickey, Roxana; Schu?tte, Ursel M. E.; Zhou, Xia; Williams, Christopher J.; Forney, Larry J.; Abdo, Zaid

    2012-01-01

    Summary: Microbial communities have an important role in natural ecosystems and have an impact on animal and human health. Intuitive graphic and analytical tools that can facilitate the study of these communities are in short supply. This article introduces Microbial Community Analysis GUI, a graphical user interface (GUI) for the R-programming language (R Development Core Team, 2010). With this application, researchers can input aligned and clustered sequence data to create custom abundance ...

  1. Crawling Ajax-based Web Applications through Dynamic Analysis of User Interface State Changes:

    OpenAIRE

    Mesbah, A.; Deursen, A.; Lenselink, S.

    2011-01-01

    Using JavaScript and dynamic DOM manipulation on the client-side of web applications is becoming a widespread approach for achieving rich interactivity and responsiveness in modern web applications. At the same time, such techniques, collectively known as Ajax, shatter the metaphor of web ‘pages’ with unique URLs, on which traditional web crawlers are based. This paper describes a novel technique for crawling Ajax-based applications through automatic dynamic analysis of user interface sta...

  2. Comparative Analysis of Fragment based and Exemplar based Inpainting Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.N.KAZI

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Inpainting is an art of modifying the digital image in such a way that the modifications/alterations are undetectable to an observer who is unknown of the original image. Applications of this technique include restoration of damaged photographs & films, removal of superimposed text, removal/replacement of unwanted objects. After the user selects a region to be inpainted the algorithm automatically fills in these holes by data sampled from remainder of the image. In past the problem of inpainting was addressed by two classes of algorithms (i “diffusion based inpainting” and (ii “texture synthesis”. Further extensive research has undergone in this field which resulted in variety of inpainting techniques. In this paper we will compare Fragment based [2] and Exemplar based [1] inpainting techniques.

  3. CoVennTree: a new method for the comparative analysis of large datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Steffen C.; Voß, Björn; Hess, Wolfgang R.; Steglich, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    The visualization of massive datasets, such as those resulting from comparative metatranscriptome analyses or the analysis of microbial population structures using ribosomal RNA sequences, is a challenging task. We developed a new method called CoVennTree (Comparative weighted Venn Tree) that simultaneously compares up to three multifarious datasets by aggregating and propagating information from the bottom to the top level and produces a graphical output in Cytoscape. With the introduction of weighted Venn structures, the contents and relationships of various datasets can be correlated and simultaneously aggregated without losing information. We demonstrate the suitability of this approach using a dataset of 16S rDNA sequences obtained from microbial populations at three different depths of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. CoVennTree has been integrated into the Galaxy ToolShed and can be directly downloaded and integrated into the user instance.

  4. CoVennTree: a new method for the comparative analysis of large datasets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Steffen C; Voß, Björn; Hess, Wolfgang R; Steglich, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    The visualization of massive datasets, such as those resulting from comparative metatranscriptome analyses or the analysis of microbial population structures using ribosomal RNA sequences, is a challenging task. We developed a new method called CoVennTree (Comparative weighted Venn Tree) that simultaneously compares up to three multifarious datasets by aggregating and propagating information from the bottom to the top level and produces a graphical output in Cytoscape. With the introduction of weighted Venn structures, the contents and relationships of various datasets can be correlated and simultaneously aggregated without losing information. We demonstrate the suitability of this approach using a dataset of 16S rDNA sequences obtained from microbial populations at three different depths of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. CoVennTree has been integrated into the Galaxy ToolShed and can be directly downloaded and integrated into the user instance. PMID:25750651

  5. The role of the salience network in processing lexical and nonlexical stimuli in cochlear implant users: An ALE Meta-Analysis of PET Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Jae-Jin; Vanneste, Sven; Lazard, Diane S; Van de Heyning, Paul; Park, Joo Hyun; Oh, Seung Ha; De Ridder, Dirk

    2015-05-01

    Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies have shown that various cortical areas are activated to process speech signal in cochlear implant (CI) users. Nonetheless, differences in task dimension among studies and low statistical power preclude from understanding sound processing mechanism in CI users. Hence, we performed activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis of PET studies in CI users and normal hearing (NH) controls to compare the two groups. Eight studies (58 CI subjects/92 peak coordinates; 45 NH subjects/40 peak coordinates) were included and analyzed, retrieving areas significantly activated by lexical and nonlexical stimuli. For lexical and nonlexical stimuli, both groups showed activations in the components of the dual-stream model such as bilateral superior temporal gyrus/sulcus, middle temporal gyrus, left posterior inferior frontal gyrus, and left insula. However, CI users displayed additional unique activation patterns by lexical and nonlexical stimuli. That is, for the lexical stimuli, significant activations were observed in areas comprising salience network (SN), also known as the intrinsic alertness network, such as the left dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), left insula, and right supplementary motor area in the CI user group. Also, for the nonlexical stimuli, CI users activated areas comprising SN such as the right insula and left dACC. Previous episodic observations on lexical stimuli processing using the dual auditory stream in CI users were reconfirmed in this study. However, this study also suggests that dual-stream auditory processing in CI users may need supports from the SN. In other words, CI users need to pay extra attention to cope with degraded auditory signal provided by the implant. Hum Brain Mapp 36:1982-1994, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25619989

  6. Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 Users’ Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. Bradley J Schrader

    2009-03-01

    The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users’ manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

  7. Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 Users Manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods

  8. Image retrieval : Theoretical analysis an empirical user studies on accessing information in images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørnager, Susanne

    1997-01-01

    The paper touches upon indexing and retrieval for effective searches of digitized images. Different conceptions of what subject indexing means are described as a basis for defining an operational subject indexing strategy for images. The methodology is based on the art historian Erwin Panofsky, and his work on renaissance paintings. On the basic of works of art he develops a theory about ways in which one analyses representational images. Panofsky describes three levels of meaning in a work of art which indicate a difference in presupposed knowledge i.e. nothing (or only practical experience), special knowledge about image codes, and special knowledge about history of ideas. The semiologist Roland Barthes has established a semiology for pictorial expressions based on advertising photos. Barthes uses the concepts denotation/connotation where denotations can be explained as the sober expression of signs and connotation as meanings relating to feelings or associations. A joint methodology is suggested between the two researchers and the methodology is implemented in analyzing press photos. Fields of application discussed include the messages in an image and the linking between information running from text, image to object. An empirical study, based on 17 newspaper archives, demonstrates user group requirements including archivists (creators), journalists (immediate users), and newspaper readers (end-users). A word association test is completed and the terms are used to build a user interface. The empirical analysis demonstrates how the results can be applied as the foundation for a semantic model.

  9. Comparative economic analysis of full scale MABR configurations

    OpenAIRE

    Casey, Eoin; Syron, Eoin; Shanahan, John W.; Semmens, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    The membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) is a technology that can deliver oxygen at high rates and transfer efficiencies. This paper provides a comparative cost analysis of the MABR compared to the activated sludge process. Membrane cost and electricity cost were found to be the critical parameters determining the relative feasibility of the conventional process to the membrane based process. The general downward trend in the market price of membranes and the steady increase...

  10. A new comparative approach to macroeconomic modeling and policy analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wieland, Volker; Cwik, Tobias J.; Mu?ller, Gernot J.; Schmidt, Sebastian; Wolters, Maik H.

    2012-01-01

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, the state of macroeconomic modeling and the use of macroeconomic models in policy analysis has come under heavy criticism. Macroeconomists in academia and policy institutions have been blamed for relying too much on a particular class of macroeconomic models. This paper proposes a comparative approach to macroeconomic policy analysis that is open to competing modeling paradigms. Macroeconomic model comparison projects have helped produce some v...

  11. Comparative Analysis of the Main Business Intelligence Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra RUSANEANU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, Business Intelligence solutions are the main tools for analyzing and monitoring the company’s performance at any organizational level. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the most powerful Business Intelligence solutions using a set of technical features such as infrastructure of the platform, development facilities, complex analysis tools, interactive dashboards and scorecards, mobile integration and complex implementation of performance management methodologies.

  12. Reconceptualizing European equality law : a comparative institutional analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Croon, Johanna

    2013-01-01

    The thesis seeks to widen our understanding of the general principle of equality within European Union law. In its approach it is theoretically ambitious yet grounded in case law analysis. After an introduction into the origins of the notion of equality, the thesis sets out to deconstruct the adjudication by the European Court of Justice as well as by selected Member State courts on some of the most pressing issues of European equality law via the means of comparative institutional analysis. ...

  13. Gap Analysis Comparing LLNL ISMS and ISO 14001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doerr, T B

    2004-08-09

    A gap analysis was conducted comparing the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) with the international standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1. This analysis was accomplished as part of LLNL's assessment of the impacts of adopting DOE Order 450.1 and comprises a portion of its continuous improvement efforts under ISMS.

  14. Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (WebTRAGIS) User's Manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the early 1980s, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed two transportation routing models: HIGHWAY, which predicts truck transportation routes, and INTERLINE, which predicts rail transportation routes. Both of these models have been used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) community for a variety of routing needs over the years. One of the primary uses of the models has been to determine population-density information, which is used as input for risk assessment with the RADTRAN model, which is available on the TRANSNET computer system. During the recent years, advances in the development of geographic information systems (GISs) have resulted in increased demands from the user community for a GIS version of the ORNL routing models. In April 1994, the DOE Transportation Management Division (EM-261) held a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session with transportation routing experts and users of the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models. As a result of the session, the development of a new GIS routing model, Transportation Routing Analysis GIS (TRAGIS), was initiated. TRAGIS is a user-friendly, GIS-based transportation and analysis computer model. The older HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models are useful to calculate routes, but they cannot display a graphic of the calculated route. Consequently, many users have experienced difficulty determining the proper node for facilities and have been confused by or have misinterpreted the text-based listing from the older routing mode-based listing from the older routing models. Some of the primary reasons for the development of TRAGIS are (a) to improve the ease of selecting locations for routing, (b) to graphically display the calculated route, and (c) to provide for additional geographic analysis of the route

  15. A User's Guide for the Differential Reduced Ejector/Mixer Analysis "DREA" Program. 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeChant, Lawrence J.; Nadell, Shari-Beth

    1999-01-01

    A system of analytical and numerical two-dimensional mixer/ejector nozzle models that require minimal empirical input has been developed and programmed for use in conceptual and preliminary design. This report contains a user's guide describing the operation of the computer code, DREA (Differential Reduced Ejector/mixer Analysis), that contains these mathematical models. This program is currently being adopted by the Propulsion Systems Analysis Office at the NASA Glenn Research Center. A brief summary of the DREA method is provided, followed by detailed descriptions of the program input and output files. Sample cases demonstrating the application of the program are presented.

  16. An Exploratory Analysis of the Impact of Named Ranges on the Debugging Performance of Novice Users

    CERN Document Server

    McKeever, Ruth; Bishop, Brian

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes an exploratory empirical study of the effect of named ranges on spreadsheet debugging performance. Named ranges are advocated in both academia and industry, yet no experimental evidence has been cited to back up these recommendations. This paper describes an exploratory experiment involving 21 participants that assesses the performance of novices debugging a spreadsheet containing named ranges. The results are compared with the performance of a different set of novices debugging the same spreadsheet without named ranges. The findings suggest that novice users debug on average significantly fewer errors if the spreadsheet contains named ranges. The purpose of the investigative study is to derive a detailed and coherent set of research questions regarding the impact of range names on the debugging performance and behaviour of spreadsheet users. These will be answered through future controlled experiments.

  17. Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridde Valéry

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a reorganization of practices, service rationing due to lack of reimbursement, and some overcharging or shifting of resources. Conclusions This transversal analysis confirms the need to assign a great deal of importance to the implementation of user fees exemption policies once these decisions have been taken. It also highlights some practices that suggest avenues of future research.

  18. Comparing Theories of Language Learning Strategies: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Tsung-Yuan; Oxford, Rebecca

    2002-01-01

    Compared classification theories of language learning strategies. Results from confirmatory factor analysis of data measured by the English-as-a-Second/Foreign-Language (ESL/EFL) version of the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning and collected from 517 college EFL learners are discussed. Suggests other possible approaches to strategy…

  19. A Comparative Analysis of Three Unique Theories of Organizational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Carol C.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present three classical theories on organizational learning and conduct a comparative analysis that highlights their strengths, similarities, and differences. Two of the theories -- experiential learning theory and adaptive -- generative learning theory -- represent the thinking of the cognitive perspective, while…

  20. Discovering Latent Patterns from the Analysis of User-Curated Movie Lists

    CERN Document Server

    Greene, Derek

    2013-01-01

    User content curation is becoming an important source of preference data, as well as providing information regarding the items being curated. One popular approach involves the creation of lists. On Twitter, these lists might contain accounts relevant to a particular topic, whereas on a community site such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), this might take the form of lists of movies sharing common characteristics. While list curation involves substantial combined effort on the part of users, researchers have rarely looked at mining the outputs of this kind of crowdsourcing activity. Here we study a large collection of movie lists from IMDb. We apply network analysis methods to a graph that reflects the degree to which pairs of movies are "co-listed", that is, assigned to the same lists. This allows us to uncover a more nuanced grouping of movies that goes beyond categorisation schemes based on attributes such as genre or director.

  1. Alkahest NuclearBLAST : a user-friendly BLAST management and analysis system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burke Mark

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background - Sequencing of EST and BAC end datasets is no longer limited to large research groups. Drops in per-base pricing have made high throughput sequencing accessible to individual investigators. However, there are few options available which provide a free and user-friendly solution to the BLAST result storage and data mining needs of biologists. Results - Here we describe NuclearBLAST, a batch BLAST analysis, storage and management system designed for the biologist. It is a wrapper for NCBI BLAST which provides a user-friendly web interface which includes a request wizard and the ability to view and mine the results. All BLAST results are stored in a MySQL database which allows for more advanced data-mining through supplied command-line utilities or direct database access. NuclearBLAST can be installed on a single machine or clustered amongst a number of machines to improve analysis throughput. NuclearBLAST provides a platform which eases data-mining of multiple BLAST results. With the supplied scripts, the program can export data into a spreadsheet-friendly format, automatically assign Gene Ontology terms to sequences and provide bi-directional best hits between two datasets. Users with SQL experience can use the database to ask even more complex questions and extract any subset of data they require. Conclusion - This tool provides a user-friendly interface for requesting, viewing and mining of BLAST results which makes the management and data-mining of large sets of BLAST analyses tractable to biologists.

  2. GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data (http://code.google.com/p/guardd/http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ?2-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serdesign future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community.

  3. User's manual and analysis methodology of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL Ver.2 for reactor pressure vessel (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of the aging structural integrity research for LWR components, the probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR) has been developed in JAEA. This code evaluates the conditional probabilities of crack initiation and fracture of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) under transient conditions such as pressurized thermal shock (PTS). The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the recent development in the fracture mechanics and computer performance. PASCAL Ver.1 has functions of optimized sampling in the stratified Monte Carlo simulation, elastic-plastic fracture criterion of the R6 method, crack growth analysis models for a semi-elliptical crack, recovery of fracture toughness due to thermal annealing and so on. Since then, under the contract between the Ministry of Economy, Trading and Industry of Japan and JAEA, we have continued to develop and introduce new functions into PASCAL Ver.2 such as the evaluation method for an embedded crack, KI database for a semi-elliptical crack considering stress discontinuity at the base/cladding interface, PTS transient database, and others. A generalized analysis method is proposed on the basis of the development of PASCAL Ver.2 and results of sensitivity analyses. Graphical user interface (GUI) including a generalized method as default values has been also developed for PASCAL Ver.2. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of PASCAL Ver.2. (author)

  4. COMPARATIVE STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF BER OF CDMA FOR DIFFERENT MODULATION SCHEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing demand in wireless communication, it has become necessary to give better and efficient service to users by using better technique. This paper propose and analyse the bit error rate of CDMA, for different modulation schemes such as BPSK, QPSK and QAM. By Choosing a reliable modulation scheme and better filtration Technique the enhancement of the performance can be obtained in transmitter and receiver of CDMA system. Simulated result is shown to analyse and compare the performance of these systems by using additive white Gaussian noise channel (AWGN.Finally the different modulation schemes is compared on the basis of BER and best modulation scheme is determined.  From analysis of three modulation techniques, the system could use more appropriate modulation technique to suit the channel quality, thus we can deliver the optimum and efficient data rate to mobile terminal.

  5. Evaluation of user-oriented attractiveness of imaging spectroscopy data using the value-benefit analysis (VBA)

    OpenAIRE

    Nieke, Jens; Seiler, Bruno; Itten, Klaus I.; Reusen, Ils; Adriaensen, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    While there is a strong need for hyperspectral imagery, the user-driven requirements are not well defined in view of defined protocols for calibration, acquisition, processing and in-situ measurements in compliance with existing standards. Therefore an analysis was performed in the frame of the EC project HYRESSA, regarding the question “What are the individual user requirements on hyperspectral imagery and the related data products?”. For this analysis a questionnaire and a subsequent be...

  6. Inter-Session Network Coding with Strategic Users: A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Network Coding

    CERN Document Server

    Mohsenian-Rad, Amir-Hamed; Wong, Vincent W S; Jaggi, Sidharth; Schober, Robert

    2009-01-01

    A common assumption in the existing network coding literature is that the users are cooperative and non-selfish. However, this assumption can be violated in practice. In this paper, we analyze inter-session network coding in a wired network using game theory. We assume selfish users acting strategically to maximize their own utility, leading to a resource allocation game among users. In particular, we study the well-known butterfly network topology where a bottleneck link is shared by several network coding and routing flows. We prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium for a wide range of utility functions. We show that the number of Nash equilibria can be large (even infinite) for certain choices of system parameters. This is in sharp contrast to a similar game setting with traditional packet forwarding where the Nash equilibrium is always unique. We then characterize the worst-case efficiency bounds, i.e., the Price-of-Anarchy (PoA), compared to an optimal and cooperative network design. We show that by us...

  7. Comparative Study of Data Cluster Analysis for Microarray

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lokesh Kumar Sharma, Sourabh Rungta

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Microarray has been a popular method for representing biological data. Microarray technology allows biologists to monitor genome-wide patterns of gene expression in a high-throughput fashion. Clustering the biological sequences according to their components may reveal the biological functionality among the sequences. Data cluster analysis is an important task in microarray data. There is no clustering algorithm that can be universally used to solve all problems. Therefore in this paper comparative study of data cluster analysis for microarray is presented. Here the most popular cluster algorithms that can be applied for microarray data are discussed. The uncertainty of data, optimization and density estimation are considered for comparison.

  8. Alcohol: view 2000 - comparative analysis gasoline versus alcohol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The comparative analysis between alcohol and gas reveals the pros and the cons of the use of each one of those energy sources, taking as a basis an analysis of the world supply and demand of oil, and of PETROBRAS sceneries, including price expectancies for next decade, and the repercussion of PROALCOOL during its existence in the country. Regarding competitiveness, gas and the energy substitute hydrous alcohol are analyzed jointly, as an energy policy for carburetant fuels, taking into account aspects related with both the direct and the indirect cost of each energy source, as well as the benefits provided by then both. (author)

  9. Atherosclerotic plaque burden in cocaine users with acute chest pain: analysis by coronary computed tomography angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebersberger, Ullrich; Sudarski, Sonja; Schoepf, U Joseph; Bamberg, Fabian; Tricarico, Francesco; Apfaltrer, Paul; Blanke, Philipp; Schindler, Andreas; Makowski, Marcus R; Headden, Gary F; Leber, Alexander W; Hoffmann, Ellen; Vliegenthart, Rozemarijn

    2013-08-01

    Chest pain associated with cocaine use represents an increasing problem in the emergency department (ED). Cocaine use has been linked to the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We used coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to evaluate the prevalence, severity and composition of atherosclerotic lesions in cocaine users. We studied 78 patients with non-occasional cocaine use (52 men, 44 ± 7 years, 23 under the acute influence) and acute chest pain but without ACS, who had undergone cCTA in the ED. Patients were matched one-to-one by gender, race, symptoms, and risk-factors with a control cohort (n = 78; 52 men, 45 ± 6 years) not using cocaine. Each coronary segment was evaluated for the presence and composition (calcified, non-calcified, partially calcified) of atherosclerotic plaque and for stenosis. The prevalence of coronary stenosis was not significantly different between patients with and without cocaine use (13% versus 5%, P > 0.05). However, cocaine users on average had significantly more atherosclerotic plaques (0.44 ± 0.88 versus 0.29 ± 0.83, P 0.05) and non-calcified plaques (0.26 ± 0.63 versus 0.17 ± 0.57, P > 0.05), yet not reaching statistical significance. Furthermore, cocaine users had significantly more partially calcified plaques (0.41 ± 0.61 versus 0.17 ± 0.41, P < 0.05) and higher partially calcified plaque volume (59.7 ± 33.3 mm(3) versus 25.6 ± 12.6 mm(3), P < 0.05). Thus, cocaine users tend to have more pronounced coronary atherosclerosis compared to patients without cocaine use at the time of presentation with acute chest pain. PMID:23880201

  10. User Centered Design as a Framework for Applying Conversation Analysis in Hearing Aid Consultations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egbert, Maria; Matthews, Ben

    2011-01-01

    Recurrent issues in applying CA results to change in institutional practices concern the degree to which the CA researcher is involved and what aspects of the change process CA researchers is involved in. This paper presents a methodology from innovation studies called User Centered Design (Buur and Bagger, 1999) and, more recently, Participatory Innovation (Buur and Matthews, 2008) which is uniquely compatible with conversation analysis. Designers following this approach study how a ‘user’ of goods or services interacts with products and other interaction partners in order to derive ideas for innovation. Although this methodological convergence of disciplines is rooted in different traditions, it augurs well for successful cooperation. This paper reports on such a collaboration carried out within a federally funded research center for innovation. We present principles of the interdisciplinary collaboration, as well as successes and pitfalls. In particular we focus on the role of conversation analysistsboth from the perspective of the designers and the conversation analysts. To illustrate this, we have selected a project on hearing aid fitting. To understand the perspective of the users (the person with hearing loss and the hearing aid fitter is imperative because the compliance rate for hearing aid use is staggeringly low. One of the barriers of hearing aid use lies in problematic encounters between the person with hearing loss and audiologists. Buur, J and Matthews, B. (2008) ‘Participatory Innovation’ International Journal of Innovation Management. vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 255-273. Buur, J. and Bagger, K. (1999). ‘Replacing usability testing with user dialogue’ Communications of the ACM 42(5), pp. 63-66.

  11. Development of the Graphical User Interface for the Fuel Assembly Bow Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    KEPCO NF, Westinghouse and ENUSA jointly developed a new fuel assembly growth and bow computer code(SAVAN2D), a new fuel assembly analysis and performance model, and a new GUI(Graphical User Interface) for the prediction of incore deformation behaviour of the fuel assemblies. The SAVAN2D code can analyze fuel assembly growth and bow using fuel assembly design data and core conditions. In this paper, the development results and application areas of the SAVAN2D pre-processing and post-processing program are presented

  12. User's guide for the PWR LOCA analysis capability of the WRAP-EM system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beranek, F; Gregory, M V

    1980-02-01

    The Water Reactor Analysis Package (WRAP) has been expanded to provide the capability to analyze loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) in both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) by using evaluation models (EMs). The input specifications for modules in the WRAP-EM system are presented in this document along with the JOSHUA input templates. This document, along with the WRAP user's guide, provides a step-by-step procedure for setting up a PWR data base for the WRAP-EM system. 12 refs.

  13. VIPRE-01: a thermal-hydraulic analysis code for reactor cores. Volume 2. User's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    VIPRE (Versatile Internals and Component Program for Reactors; EPRI) has been developed for nuclear power utility thermal-hydraulic analysis applications. It is designed to help evaluate nuclear energy reactor core safety limits including minimum departure from nucleate boiling ratio (MDNBR), critical power ratio (CPR), fuel and clad temperatures, and coolant state in normal operation and assumed accident conditions. This volume (Volume 2: User's Manual) describes the input requirements of VIPRE and its auxiliary programs, SPECSET, ASP and DECCON, and lists the input instructions for each code

  14. Initial Implementation of a Comparative Data Analysis Ontology

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Prosdocimi; Brandon Chisham; Enrico Pontelli; Thompson, Julie D.; Arlin Stoltzfus

    2009-01-01

    Comparative analysis is used throughout biology. When entities under comparison (e.g. proteins, genomes, species) are related by descent, evolutionary theory provides a framework that, in principle, allows N-ary comparisons of entities, while controlling for non-independence due to relatedness. Powerful software tools exist for specialized applications of this approach, yet it remains under-utilized in the absence of a unifying informatics infrastructure. A key step in developing such an infr...

  15. Comparative analysis of different methods for graphene nanoribbon synthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Toši? Dragana D.; Markovi? Zoran M.; Jovanovi? Svetlana P.; Milosavljevi? Momir S.; Todorovi?-Markovi? Biljana M.

    2013-01-01

    Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) are thin strips of graphene that have captured the interest of scientists due to their unique structure and promising applications in electronics. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis of morphological properties of graphene nanoribbons synthesized by different methods. Various methods have been reported for graphene nanoribons synthesis. Lithography methods usually include electron-beam (e-beam) lithography, atomic force microscopy (AFM) ...

  16. Poverty and fertility in less developed countries: a comparative analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Aassve, Arnstein; Engelhardt, Henriette; Francavilla, Francesca; Kedir, Abbi; Kim, Jungho; Mealli, Fabrizia; Mencarini, Letizia; Pudney, Stephen; Prskawetz, Alexia

    2005-01-01

    Just as poverty analysis has a central part in Development Economics, studies of fertility behaviour have an equally important standing in the Demography literature. Poverty and fertility are two important aspects of welfare that are closely related. In this paper we use unique longitudinal data sources to study the relationship between poverty and fertility at household level over a two to five year period. In particular we compare the relationship between fertility and poverty in four count...

  17. Comparative Analysis of Visco-elastic Models with Variable Parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Silviu Nastac; Adrian Leopa

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents a theoretical comparative study for computational behaviour analysis of vibration isolation elements based on viscous and elastic models with variable parameters. The changing of elastic and viscous parameters can be produced by natural timed evolution demo-tion or by heating developed into the elements during their working cycle. It was supposed both linear and non-linear numerical viscous and elastic models, and their combinations. The results show the impor-tance of nume...

  18. Comparative analysis of solid waste management in 20 cities

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, D. C.; Rodic-wiersma, L.; Scheinberg, A.; Velis, C. A.; Alabaster, G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses the ‘lens’ of integrated and sustainable waste management (ISWM) to analyse the new data set compiled on 20 cities in six continents for the UN-Habitat flagship publication Solid Waste Management in the World’s Cities. The comparative analysis looks first at waste generation rates and waste composition data. A process flow diagram is prepared for each city, as a powerful tool for representing the solid waste system as a whole in a comprehensive but concise way. Benchmark...

  19. Comparative Analysis of S-Shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Jigar M Patel, Shobhit K. Patel

    2013-01-01

    An antenna is the most important element of any wireless communication. This paper is highly focused on the multiband application of the Microstrip Patch Antenna. In first phase the S – shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch antenna is simulated and analyzed. Comparative analysis between Common S-shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna, Defected Ground Structure S-shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna using Complementary Split Ring Resonator and S – shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Ante...

  20. User Decisions in a (Partly) Digital World : Comparing Digital Piracy to Legal Alternatives for Film and Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veitch, Rob; Constantiou, Ioanna

    2012-01-01

    Technologies enabling digital piracy have expanded the variety of options available to users when deciding how to access a product. As a result, access-mode decisions for film and music are broader than for other goods where the piracy option is not as prevalent. This paper presents a model of access-mode decisions for film and music which integrates elements of previous digital piracy models and expands upon them to reflect the decision’s complexity. We depict the access-mode decision as being influenced by the user’s product desire, price perceptions, perceived risks, internal regulators of behaviour, resources and legal availability. We test the model for film and music using causal data of access-mode decisions collected from students at two Danish universities. Our findings indicate that the economic considerations of price perception and legal availability are the most consistent factors in influencing the access-mode decision across different legal options. The paper concludes with an outline for future research.

  1. Comparative analysis of breast cancer detection in mammograms and thermograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milosevic, Marina; Jankovic, Dragan; Peulic, Aleksandar

    2015-02-01

    Abstract In this paper, we present a system based on feature extraction techniques for detecting abnormal patterns in digital mammograms and thermograms. A comparative study of texture-analysis methods is performed for three image groups: mammograms from the Mammographic Image Analysis Society mammographic database; digital mammograms from the local database; and thermography images of the breast. Also, we present a procedure for the automatic separation of the breast region from the mammograms. Computed features based on gray-level co-occurrence matrices are used to evaluate the effectiveness of textural information possessed by mass regions. A total of 20 texture features are extracted from the region of interest. The ability of feature set in differentiating abnormal from normal tissue is investigated using a support vector machine classifier, Naive Bayes classifier and K-Nearest Neighbor classifier. To evaluate the classification performance, five-fold cross-validation method and receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed. PMID:25720034

  2. ClimatePipes: User-Friendly Data Access, Manipulation, Analysis & Visualization of Community Climate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, A.; DeMarle, D.; Burnett, B.; Harris, C.; Silva, W.; Osmari, D.; Geveci, B.; Silva, C.; Doutriaux, C.; Williams, D. N.

    2013-12-01

    The impact of climate change will resonate through a broad range of fields including public health, infrastructure, water resources, and many others. Long-term coordinated planning, funding, and action are required for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Unfortunately, widespread use of climate data (simulated and observed) in non-climate science communities is impeded by factors such as large data size, lack of adequate metadata, poor documentation, and lack of sufficient computational and visualization resources. We present ClimatePipes to address many of these challenges by creating an open source platform that provides state-of-the-art, user-friendly data access, analysis, and visualization for climate and other relevant geospatial datasets, making the climate data available to non-researchers, decision-makers, and other stakeholders. The overarching goals of ClimatePipes are: - Enable users to explore real-world questions related to climate change. - Provide tools for data access, analysis, and visualization. - Facilitate collaboration by enabling users to share datasets, workflows, and visualization. ClimatePipes uses a web-based application platform for its widespread support on mainstream operating systems, ease-of-use, and inherent collaboration support. The front-end of ClimatePipes uses HTML5 (WebGL, Canvas2D, CSS3) to deliver state-of-the-art visualization and to provide a best-in-class user experience. The back-end of the ClimatePipes is built around Python using the Visualization Toolkit (VTK, http://vtk.org), Climate Data Analysis Tools (CDAT, http://uv-cdat.llnl.gov), and other climate and geospatial data processing tools such as GDAL and PROJ4. ClimatePipes web-interface to query and access data from remote sources (such as ESGF). Shown in the figure is climate data layer from ESGF on top of map data layer from OpenStreetMap. The ClimatePipes workflow editor provides flexibility and fine grained control, and uses the VisTrails (http://www.vistrails.org) workflow engine in the backend.

  3. Appropriateness of antibiotic treatment in intravenous drug users, a retrospective analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fluckiger Ursula

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Infectious disease is often the reason for intravenous drug users being seen in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of treatment and outcomes for this patient population in a hospital setting. Methods Retrospective study of all intravenous drug users hospitalized for treatment of infectious diseases and seen by infectious diseases specialists 1/2001–12/2006 at a university hospital. Treatment was administered according to guidelines when possible or to alternative treatment program in case of patients for whom adherence to standard protocols was not possible. Outcomes were defined with respect to appropriateness of treatment, hospital readmission, relapse and mortality rates. For statistical analysis adjustment for multiple hospitalizations of individual patients was made by using a generalized estimating equation. Results The total number of hospitalizations for infectious diseases was 344 among 216 intravenous drug users. Skin and soft tissue infections (n = 129, 37.5% of hospitalizations, pneumonia (n = 75, 21.8% and endocarditis (n = 54, 15.7% were most prevalent. Multiple infections were present in 25%. Treatment was according to standard guidelines for 78.5%, according to an alternative recommended program for 11.3%, and not according to guidelines or by the infectious diseases specialist advice for 10.2% of hospitalizations. Psychiatric disorders had a significant negative impact on compliance (compliance problems in 19.8% of hospitalizations in multiple logistic regression analysis (OR = 2.4, CI 1.1–5.1, p = 0.03. The overall readmission rate and relapse rate within 30 days was 13.7% and 3.8%, respectively. Both non-compliant patient behavior (OR = 3.7, CI 1.3–10.8, p = 0.02 and non-adherence to treatment guidelines (OR = 3.3, CI 1.1–9.7, p = 0.03 were associated with a significant increase in the relapse rate in univariate analysis. In 590 person-years of follow-up, 24.6% of the patients died: 6.4% died during hospitalization (1.2% infection-related and 13.6% of patients died after discharge. Conclusion Appropriate antibiotic therapy according to standard guidelines in hospitalized intravenous drug users is generally practicable and successful. In a minority alternative treatments may be indicated, although associated with a higher risk of relapse.

  4. Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Notess

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

  5. LISA package user guide. Part III: SPOP (Statistical POst Processor). Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis for model output. Program description and user guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual is subdivided into three parts. In the third part, the SPOP (Statistical POst Processor) code is described as a tool to perform Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses on the output of a User implemented model. It has been developed at the joint Research Centre of Ispra as part of the LISA package. SPOP performs Sensitivity Analysis (SA) and Uncertainty Analysis (UA) on a sample output from a Monte Carlo simulation. The sample is generated by the User and contains values of the output variable (in the form of a time series) and values of the input variables for a set of different simulations (runs), which are realised by varying the model input parameters. The User may generate the Monte Carlo sample with the PREP pre-processor, another module of the LISA package. The SPOP code is completely written in FORTRAN 77 using structured programming. Among the tasks performed by the code are the computation of Tchebycheff and Kolmogorov confidence bounds on the output variable (UA), and the use of effective non-parametric statistics to rank the influence of model input parameters (SA). The statistics employed are described in the present manual. 19 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs. Note: This PART III is a revised version of the previous EUR report N.12700EN (1990)

  6. Security analysis and enhancements of an effective biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Younghwa

    2012-01-01

    Recently, many biometrics-based user authentication schemes using smart cards have been proposed to improve the security weaknesses in user authentication system. In 2011, Das proposed an efficient biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards that can provide strong authentication and mutual authentication. In this paper, we analyze the security of Das's authentication scheme, and we have shown that Das's authentication scheme is still insecure against the various attacks. Also, we proposed the enhanced scheme to remove these security problems of Das's authentication scheme, even if the secret information stored in the smart card is revealed to an attacker. As a result of security analysis, we can see that the enhanced scheme is secure against the user impersonation attack, the server masquerading attack, the password guessing attack, and the insider attack and provides mutual authentication between the user and the server. PMID:22899887

  7. ANALYSIS OF INTERNET TRAFFIC IN EDUCATIONAL NETWORK BASED ON USERS’ PREFERENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa M.H. Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The demand for Internet services and network resources in Educational networks are increasing rapidly. Specifically, the revolution of web 2.0 “also referred to as the Read-Write Web” has changed the way of information exchange and distribution. Although web 2.0 has gained attraction in all sectors of the education industry, but it results in high-traffic loads on networks which often leads to the Internet users’ dissatisfaction. Therefore, analyzing Internet traffic becomes an urgent need to provide high-quality service, monitoring bandwidth usage. In this study, we focus on analyzing the Internet traffic in Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM main campus. We performed measurement analysis form the application level characteristics based on users’ preferences. A total of three methodological steps are carried out to meet the objective of this study namely data collection, data analysis and data presentation. The finding shows that social networks are the most web applications visited in UUM. These findings lead to facilitate the enhancement of Educational network performance and Internet bandwidth strategies.

  8. Behind HumanBoost: Analysis of Users’ Trust Decision Patterns for Identifying Fraudulent Websites

    OpenAIRE

    Daisuke Miyamoto; Hiroaki Hazeyama; Youki Kadobayashi; Takeshi Takahashi

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes users’ trust decision patterns for detecting phishing sites. Our previous work proposed HumanBoost [1] which improves the accuracy of detecting phishing sites by using users’ Past Trust Decisions (PTDs). Web users are generally required to make trust decisions whenever their personal information is requested by a website. Human-Boostassumed that a database of Web user’s PTD would be transformed into a binary vector, representing phishing or not-phishing, and the bina...

  9. User's guide to the Mission Analysis Evaluation and Space Trajectory Operations program (MAESTRO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutzky, D.; Schafer, J.

    1973-01-01

    The MAESTRO system is a mission analysis tool designed to present to the user information necessary to make the various decisions required in the design and execution of a spaceflight mission. The system was designed so that it can be used in both the pre-launch mission planning phase of a mission and during the flight as an in-flight decision making tool. A description of each of the following modes is presented: (1) trajectory propagation mode; (2) retro-fire determination mode; (3) midcourse analysis determination mode; (4) Monte Carlo mode; (5) verification mode; (6) orbit stability mode; and (7) post injection trim mode. A description of the inputs necessary to run the program mode is given along with a sample case.

  10. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of streptococcus pseudopneumoniae with viridans group streptococci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Hee

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae, is a novel member of the genus Streptococcus, falling close to related members like S. pneumoniae, S. mitis, and S. oralis. Its recent appearance has shed light on streptococcal infections, which has been unclear till recently. In this study, the transcriptome of S. pseudopneumoniae CCUG 49455T was analyzed using the S. pneumoniae R6 microarray platform and compared with those of S. pneumoniae KCTC 5080T, S. mitis KCTC 3556T, and S. oralis KCTC 13048T strains. Results Comparative transcriptome analysis revealed the extent of genetic relatedness among the species, and implies that S. pseudopneumoniae is the most closely related to S. pneumoniae. A total of 489, 444 and 470 genes were upregulated while 347, 484 and 443 were downregulated relative to S. pneumoniae in S. pseudopneumoniae, S. oralis and S. mitis respectively. Important findings were the up-regulation of TCS (two component systems and transposase which were found to be specific to S. pseudopneumoniae. Conclusions This study provides insight to the current understanding of the genomic content of S. pseudopneumoniae. The comparative transcriptome analysis showed hierarchical clustering of expression data of S. pseudopneumoniae with S. pneumoniae and S. mitis with S. oralis. This proves that transcriptional profiling can facilitate in elucidating the genetic distance between closely related strains.

  11. Comparative analysis of the river buffalo somatostatin gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stafuzza, N B; Borges, M M; Amaral, M E J

    2014-01-01

    The somatostatin protein plays a crucial role in the regulation of multiple biological functions, such as growth, fat deposition, and nutrient absorption in vertebrates. Polymorphisms in the somatostatin gene have been associated with growth traits in livestock species, including cattle and goat. In this study, we conducted complete molecular characterization of the somatostatin gene in Bubalus bubalis (Murrah breed) by sequencing a Murrah BAC clone spanning 72,489 base pairs (bp) in length. The buffalo somatostatin gene contains 1481 bp organized into a 5'-untranslated region (135 bp), exon 1 (139 bp), intron 1 (839 bp), exon 2 (212 bp), and 3'UTR (156 bp). Comparative analysis between the buffalo somatostatin DNA coding sequence and the amino acid sequence with other bovids (cattle, goat, and sheep), horse, pig, human, rodents (mouse and rat), and chicken. Identity varied from 83-99% on the DNA sequence level and 88-100% on the protein level. In addition, a comparison of gene sequences between Murrah and Mediterranean breeds revealed 6 potential single-nucleotide polymorphisms (1 in exon 1 and 5 in intron 1), which were validated in different buffalo populations. This comparative analysis provides basic information for future studies of different buffalo herds using the position candidate gene approach, quantitative trait loci analysis, and polymorphisms associated with growth traits. PMID:25501213

  12. Comparative and functional analysis of cardiovascular-related genes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Jan-Fang; Pennacchio, Len A.

    2003-09-01

    The ability to detect putative cis-regulatory elements in cardiovascular-related genes has been accelerated by the availability of genomic sequence data from numerous vertebrate species and the recent development of comparative genomic tools. This improvement is anticipated to lead to a better understanding of the complex regulatory architecture of cardiovascular (CV) genes and how genetic variants in these non-coding regions can potentially play a role in cardiovascular disease. This manuscript reviews a recently established database dedicated to the comparative sequence analysis of 250 human CV genes of known importance, 37 of which currently contain sequence comparison data for organisms beyond those of human, mouse and rat. These data have provided a glimpse into the variety of possible insights from deep vertebrate sequence comparisons and the identification of putative gene regulatory elements.

  13. Comparative analysis of routine laboratory diagnostic tests for rabies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadam, S S; Sherikar, A A; Pingale, V S

    2011-12-01

    Present study was undertaken to compare various routine laboratory diagnostic tests for rabies detection. Seller's staining, mouse inoculation test (MIT), Dot-ELISA, Agar gel precipitation test (AGPT) and counter immunoelectrophoresis test (CIET) were the main basic tests performed in the laboratory for the rabies diagnosis. Out of 200 brain specimens, Negri bodies were observed in 52 brain samples by Seller's staining. Rabies virus was isolated in 56 samples by intra-cerebral inoculation in newborn Swiss-albino mice. Dot-ELISA and AGPT could detect rabies antigen in 55 and 57 samples respectively. Comparative analysis revealed that the CIET is the most sensitive and rapid test among performed diagnostic tests. PMID:23637517

  14. Toehold Purchase Problem: A comparative analysis of two strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Banakh, Taras

    2012-01-01

    Toehold purchase, defined here as purchase of one share in a firm by an investor preparing a tender offer to acquire majority of shares in it, reduces by one the number of shares this investor needs for majority. In the paper we construct mathematical models for the toehold and no-toehold strategies and compare the expected profits of the investor and the probabilities of takeover the firm in both strategies. It turns out that the expected profits of the investor in both strategies coincide. On the other hand, the probability of takeover the firm using the toehold strategy is considerably higher comparing to the no-toehold strategy. In the analysis of the models we apply the apparatus of incomplete Beta functions and some refined bounds for central binomial coefficients.

  15. Sequence and comparative analysis of Leuconostoc dairy bacteriophages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kot, Witold; Hansen, Lars Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Bacteriophages attacking Leuconostoc species may significantly influence the quality of the final product. There is however limited knowledge of this group of phages in the literature. We have determined the complete genome sequences of nine Leuconostoc bacteriophages virulent to either Leuconostoc mesenteroides or Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides strains. The phages have dsDNA genomes with sizes ranging from 25.7 to 28.4kb. Comparative genomics analysis helped classify the 9 phages into two classes, which correlates with the host species. High percentage of similarity within the classes on both nucleotide and protein levels was observed. Genome comparison also revealed very high conservation of the overall genomic organization between the classes. The genes were organized in functional modules responsible for replication, packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis and regulation and modification, respectively. No lysogeny modules were detected. To our knowledge this report provides the first comparative genomic work done on Leuconostoc dairy phages.

  16. Comparative analysis of vitamin status of schoolchildren in recreational period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Podrigalo L.V.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available It is a comparative analysis of the characteristics of the vitamin status of schoolchildren during the summer recreation of 90th years of the last century and now. The study involved 167 schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. With the help of questionnaires developed by the authors assessed the severity of symptoms of vitamin deficiency, the prevalence of vitamin supplementation, frequency and volume of consumption of fruits and vegetables. It is confirmed that the saturation is the state of the vitamin in children is the best compared with data from 20 years ago, the state of multi-vitamin deficiency is replaced mono-vitamin deficit. The results, data evaluation and the availability of additional fortification of the diet of fruit and vegetables support the need for measures aimed at improving vitamin status. Using the questionnaire method is most appropriate for monitoring the vitamin status of schoolchildren.

  17. Stigma, sex work, and substance use: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, Cecilia; McCarthy, Bill; Jansson, Mikael

    2015-03-01

    Stigma is a widely used concept in social science research and an extensive literature claims that stigmatisation contributes to numerous negative health outcomes. However, few studies compare groups that vary in the extent to which they are stigmatised and even fewer studies examine stigma's independent and mediating effects. This article addresses these gaps in a comparative study of perceived stigma and drug use among three low-income feminised service occupations: sex work, food and alcoholic beverage serving, and barbering and hairstyling. An analysis of longitudinal data shows positive associations between sex work, perceived stigma, and socially less acceptable drug use (for example, heroin and cocaine), and that stigma mediates part of the link between sex work and the use of these drugs. Our overall findings suggest that perceived stigma is pronounced among those who work in the sex industry and negatively affects health independently of sex work involvement. PMID:25688450

  18. Sequence and comparative analysis of Leuconostoc dairy bacteriophages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kot, Witold; Hansen, Lars H; Neve, Horst; Hammer, Karin; Jacobsen, Susanne; Pedersen, Per D; Sørensen, Søren J; Heller, Knut J; Vogensen, Finn K

    2014-04-17

    Bacteriophages attacking Leuconostoc species may significantly influence the quality of the final product. There is however limited knowledge of this group of phages in the literature. We have determined the complete genome sequences of nine Leuconostoc bacteriophages virulent to either Leuconostoc mesenteroides or Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides strains. The phages have dsDNA genomes with sizes ranging from 25.7 to 28.4 kb. Comparative genomics analysis helped classify the 9 phages into two classes, which correlates with the host species. High percentage of similarity within the classes on both nucleotide and protein levels was observed. Genome comparison also revealed very high conservation of the overall genomic organization between the classes. The genes were organized in functional modules responsible for replication, packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis and regulation and modification, respectively. No lysogeny modules were detected. To our knowledge this report provides the first comparative genomic work done on Leuconostoc dairy phages. PMID:24561391

  19. Comparative proteomic analysis of fibrosarcoma and skin fibroblast cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meral, Ogunc; Uysal, Hamdi

    2015-02-01

    Comparative proteomic analysis of normal and cancer cell lines provides for a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of cancer development and is essential for developing more effective strategies for new biomarker or drug target discovery. The purpose of this study is to compare protein expression levels between fibrosarcoma and fibroblast cell lines. In our study, two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) and liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) techniques were carried out to compare the protein profile between fibrosarcoma and fibroblast cell lines. We prepared cell lysate samples to analyze intracellular proteins and secretome samples to analyze extracellular proteins in both cell lines. Our results revealed 13 upregulated proteins and 1 downregulated protein of which all of them identified in fibrosarcoma cell line after the comparison with fibroblast cell line cell lysates. When comparing secretome profiles of both cell lines, we found and identified 13 proteins only expressed in fibrosarcoma cell line. These identified proteins have common functions such as cell proliferation, cell differentiation, invasion, metastasis, and apoptosis in cancer. The data obtained from this study indicates that these proteins have importance on understanding the molecular mechanism of fibrosarcoma. These proteins may serve as candidate biomarkers and drug targets for future clinical studies. PMID:25270740

  20. Peace Negotiations in the Third World: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Benítez Manaut

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the negotiations and peace processes in the Third World are analized from a comparative viewpoint in order to focus in on the case of Centroamerica. Reference is made to the special features and common elements of those peace processes in otherregions of the Third World and they are compared to those which have taken place in Centroamerica. It is a retrospective and comparative analysis. For this reason, the author has decided to carry out a brief typology of those conflicts offered by Centroamerica: inNicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. Later, the author goes on to analyse the most relevant peace and negotiation processes involving the Third World including one or two from Latin America: the cases of Panama, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq, Colombia, southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia and Angola and Cambodia. Later, the author goes overthe peace process periods in Centroamerica and the temporary contradictions which are presented by internal conflict, regional conflict and geopolitical conflict. Finally, a comparative methodological exercise is carried out which allows to focus on modes of implementation of the peace processes.

  1. Comparative Study of Reliability Analysis Methods for Discrete Bimodal Information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Woochul; Jang, Junyong; Lee, Taehee [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-15

    The distribution of a response usually depends on the distribution of a variable. When the distribution of a variable has two different modes, the response also follows a distribution with two different modes. In most reliability analysis methods, the number of modes is irrelevant, but not the type of distribution. However, in actual problems, because information is often provided with two or more modes, it is important to estimate the distributions with two or more modes. Recently, some reliability analysis methods have been suggested for bimodal distributions. In this paper, we review some methods such as the Akaike information criterion (Aic) and maximum entropy principle (Me) and compare them with the Monte Carlo simulation (MRCS) using mathematical examples with two different modes.

  2. Comparative Study of Reliability Analysis Methods for Discrete Bimodal Information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of a response usually depends on the distribution of a variable. When the distribution of a variable has two different modes, the response also follows a distribution with two different modes. In most reliability analysis methods, the number of modes is irrelevant, but not the type of distribution. However, in actual problems, because information is often provided with two or more modes, it is important to estimate the distributions with two or more modes. Recently, some reliability analysis methods have been suggested for bimodal distributions. In this paper, we review some methods such as the Akaike information criterion (Aic) and maximum entropy principle (Me) and compare them with the Monte Carlo simulation (MRCS) using mathematical examples with two different modes

  3. Comparative analysis of some soil compaction measurement techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Shmulevich

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a need to properly define soil compaction as one of the complex soil characteristics relevant to agriculture since it greatly influences plant growth and energy consumption. The level of soil compaction may be described by many, well known, parameters, which also can be comparatively analysed according to its sensitivity and ability to describe soil reaction to the applied load. This paper presents a specific analysis of soil compaction measurement methods based on laboratory testing. The sensitivity of usual compaction parameters such as tire sinkage, cone index and soil bulk density, as well as needle penetration were taken into consideration. The paper also includes the critical analysis of different measurement techniques and its possibility to be a source of valuable agricultural information.

  4. STATISTICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATION IN MELILLA (SPAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Marmolejo Martín, Miguel Ángel Montero Alonso

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available We describe the main results obtained in a statistical study carried out at the request of the Economy,Employment and Tourism Council of Melilla (Spain. These results were used in drawing up the firstphase of the Strategic Plan: Diagnosis and Analysis of the Situation of Melilla. The data analyzed wereobtained from the National Educational Council, the Ministry of Education and Science and the SpanishNational Institute of Statistics (INE, and the conclusions reached are set out in the present article. Forpurposes of comparison, we also made a comprehensive analysis of the real situation of the populationin the education sector, including a comparative study of Ceuta (Spain. These two Spanish enclaves inthe north of Africa in general present similar characteristics.

  5. Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waterston, Robert H.; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Birney, Ewan; Rogers, Jane; Abril, Josep F.; Agarwal, Pankaj; Agarwala, Richa; Ainscough, Rachel; Alexandersson, Marina; An, Peter; Antonarakis, Stylianos E.; Attwood, John; Baertsch, Robert; Bailey, Jonathon; Barlow, Karen; Beck, Stephan; Berry, Eric; Birren, Bruce; Bloom, Toby; Bork, Peer; Botcherby, Marc; Bray, Nicolas; Brent, Michael R.; Brown, Daniel G.; Brown, Stephen D.; Bult, Carol; Burton, John; Butler, Jonathan; Campbell, Robert D.; Carninci, Piero; Cawley, Simon; Chiaromonte, Francesca; Chinwalla, Asif T.; Church, Deanna M.; Clamp, Michele; Clee, Christopher; Collins, Francis S.; Cook, Lisa L.; Copley, Richard R.; Coulson, Alan; Couronne, Olivier; Cuff, James; Curwen, Val; Cutts, Tim; Daly, Mark; David, Robert; Davies, Joy; Delehaunty, Kimberly D.; Deri, Justin; Dermitzakis, Emmanouil T.; Dewey, Colin; Dickens, Nicholas J.; Diekhans, Mark; Dodge, Sheila; Dubchak, Inna; Dunn, Diane M.; Eddy, Sean R.; Elnitski, Laura; Emes, Richard D.; Eswara, Pallavi; Eyras, Eduardo; Felsenfeld, Adam; Fewell, Ginger A.; Flicek, Paul; Foley, Karen; Frankel, Wayne N.; Fulton, Lucinda A.; Fulton, Robert S.; Furey, Terrence S.; Gage, Diane; Gibbs, Richard A.; Glusman, Gustavo; Gnerre, Sante; Goldman, Nick; Goodstadt, Leo; Grafham, Darren; Graves, Tina A.; Green, Eric D.; Gregory, Simon; Guigo, Roderic; Guyer, Mark; Hardison, Ross C.; Haussler, David; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide; Hillier, LaDeana W.; Hinrichs, Angela; Hlavina, Wratko; Holzer, Timothy; Hsu, Fan; Hua, Axin; Hubbard, Tim; Hunt, Adrienne; Jackson, Ian; Jaffe, David B.; Johnson, L. Steven; Jones, Matthew; Jones, Thomas A.; Joy, Ann; Kamal, Michael; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Karolchik, Donna; Kasprzyk, Arkadiusz; Kawai, Jun; Keibler, Evan; Kells, Cristyn; Kent, W. James; Kirby, Andrew; Kolbe, Diana L.; Korf, Ian; Kucherlapati, Raju S.; Kulbokas III, Edward J.; Kulp, David; Landers, Tom; Leger, J.P.; Leonard, Steven; Letunic, Ivica; Levine, Rosie; et al.

    2002-12-15

    The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. We discuss topics including the analysis of the evolutionary forces shaping the size, structure and sequence of the genomes; the conservation of large-scale synteny across most of the genomes; the much lower extent of sequence orthology covering less than half of the genomes; the proportions of the genomes under selection; the number of protein-coding genes; the expansion of gene families related to reproduction and immunity; the evolution of proteins; and the identification of intraspecies polymorphism.

  6. A comparative quantitative analysis of Greek orthographic transparency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protopapas, Athanassios; Vlahou, Eleni L

    2009-11-01

    Orthographic transparency refers to the systematicity in the mapping between orthographic letter sequences and phonological phoneme sequences in both directions, for reading and spelling. Measures of transparency previously used in the analysis of orthographies of other languages include regularity, consistency, and entropy. However, previous reports have typically been hampered by severe restrictions, such as using only monosyllables or only word-initial phonemes. Greek is sufficiently transparent to allow complete sequential alignment between graphemes and phonemes, therefore permitting full analyses at both letter and grapheme levels, using every word in its entirety. Here, we report multiple alternative measures of transparency, using both type and token counts, and compare these with estimates for other languages. We discuss the problems stemming from restricted analysis sets and the implications for psycholinguistic experimentation and computational modeling of reading and spelling. PMID:19897808

  7. Comparative analysis of five protein-protein interaction corpora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginter Filip

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Growing interest in the application of natural language processing methods to biomedical text has led to an increasing number of corpora and methods targeting protein-protein interaction (PPI extraction. However, there is no general consensus regarding PPI annotation and consequently resources are largely incompatible and methods are difficult to evaluate. Results We present the first comparative evaluation of the diverse PPI corpora, performing quantitative evaluation using two separate information extraction methods as well as detailed statistical and qualitative analyses of their properties. For the evaluation, we unify the corpus PPI annotations to a shared level of information, consisting of undirected, untyped binary interactions of non-static types with no identification of the words specifying the interaction, no negations, and no interaction certainty. We find that the F-score performance of a state-of-the-art PPI extraction method varies on average 19 percentage units and in some cases over 30 percentage units between the different evaluated corpora. The differences stemming from the choice of corpus can thus be substantially larger than differences between the performance of PPI extraction methods, which suggests definite limits on the ability to compare methods evaluated on different resources. We analyse a number of potential sources for these differences and identify factors explaining approximately half of the variance. We further suggest ways in which the difficulty of the PPI extraction tasks codified by different corpora can be determined to advance comparability. Our analysis also identifies points of agreement and disagreement in PPI corpus annotation that are rarely explicitly stated by the authors of the corpora. Conclusions Our comparative analysis uncovers key similarities and differences between the diverse PPI corpora, thus taking an important step towards standardization. In the course of this study we have created a major practical contribution in converting the corpora into a shared format. The conversion software is freely available at http://mars.cs.utu.fi/PPICorpora.

  8. Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riechmann, J L; Heard, J; Martin, G; Reuber, L; Jiang, C; Keddie, J; Adam, L; Pineda, O; Ratcliffe, O J; Samaha, R R; Creelman, R; Pilgrim, M; Broun, P; Zhang, J Z; Ghandehari, D; Sherman, B K; Yu, G

    2000-12-15

    The completion of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome sequence allows a comparative analysis of transcriptional regulators across the three eukaryotic kingdoms. Arabidopsis dedicates over 5% of its genome to code for more than 1500 transcription factors, about 45% of which are from families specific to plants. Arabidopsis transcription factors that belong to families common to all eukaryotes do not share significant similarity with those of the other kingdoms beyond the conserved DNA binding domains, many of which have been arranged in combinations specific to each lineage. The genome-wide comparison reveals the evolutionary generation of diversity in the regulation of transcription. PMID:11118137

  9. A comparative analysis of measles virus RNA by oligonucleotide fingerprinting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Isolates from two cases of acute measles, one case of acute measles encephalitis and three patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis were compared. This comparison was based upon the electrophoretic analysis of T1 oligonucleotides from single-stranded, full-length RNA isolated from cytoplasmic nucleocapsids. Although all viruses have oligonucleotides in common, each isolate generated a unique pattern of oligonucleotides. However, no group of oligonucleotides was observed which would allow differentiation between viruses isolated from acute infections and those isolated from CNS diseases; indicating that probably all measles viruses differ in their nucleotide sequence, regardless of origin. (Author)

  10. Comparative Analysis of Numerical Methods for Parameter Determination

    CERN Document Server

    Andronov, Ivan L

    2013-01-01

    We made a comparative analysis of numerical methods for multidimensional optimization. The main parameter is a number of computations of the test function to reach necessary accuracy, as it is computationally "slow". For complex functions, analytic differentiation by many parameters can cause problems associated with a significant complication of the program and thus slowing its operation. For comparison, we used the methods: "brute force" (or minimization on a regular grid), Monte Carlo, steepest descent, conjugate gradients, Brent's method (golden section search), parabolic interpolation etc. The Monte-Carlo method was applied to the eclipsing binary system AM Leo.

  11. Comparative genomic analysis at the PATRIC, a bioinformatic resource center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wattam, Alice R; Gabbard, Joseph L; Shukla, Maulik; Sobral, Bruno W

    2014-01-01

    The Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC) is a genomics-centric relational database and bioinformatics resource designed to assist scientists in infectious-disease research. This method paper provides detailed instructions on using this resource to finding data specific to genomes, saving it in a personalized workspace and using a variety of interactive tools to analyze that data. While PATRIC contains many diverse tools and functionalities to explore both genome-scale and gene expression data, the main focus of this chapter is on comparative analysis of bacterial genomes. PMID:25172288

  12. Comparative Analysis of Methods to Denoise CT Scan Images

    OpenAIRE

    Tarandeep Chhabra, Geetika Dua

    2013-01-01

    Medical images are generally noisy due to the physical mechanisms of the acquisition process. In CT Scan there is a scope to adapt patient image quality and dose. Reduction in radiation dose (i.e the amount of X-rays) affects the quality of image and is responsible for image noise in CT. Most of the denoising algorithms assume additive white Gaussian noise but however most medical images may contain non Gaussian noise like poisson noise in CT. This paper contains the comparative analysis of a...

  13. Comparative Analysis of Uncertainties in Urban Surface Runoff Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorndahl, SØren; Schaarup-Jensen, Kjeld

    2007-01-01

    In the present paper a comparison between three different surface runoff models, in the numerical urban drainage tool MOUSE, is conducted. Analysing parameter uncertainty, it is shown that the models are very sensitive with regards to the choice of hydrological parameters, when combined overflow volumes are compared - especially when the models are uncalibrated. The occurrences of flooding and surcharge are highly dependent on both hydrological and hydrodynamic parameters. Thus, the conclusion of the paper is that if the use of model simulations is to be a reliable tool for drainage system analysis, further research in improved parameter assessment for surface runoff models is needed.

  14. Vertical Guidance Performance Analysis of the L1-L5 Dual-Frequency GPS/WAAS User Avionics Sensor

    OpenAIRE

    Shau-Shiun Jan

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS)/wide area augmentation system (WAAS) user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP) confidence (?air). The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Si...

  15. Life-Cycle Cost-Benefit (LCCB) Analysis of Bridges from a User and Social Point of View

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    During the last two decades, important progress has been made in the life-cycle cost-benefit (LCCB) analysis of structures, especially offshore platforms, bridges and nuclear installations. Due to the large uncertainties related to the deterioration, maintenance, and benefits of such structures, analysis based on stochastic modelling of all significant parameters seems to be the only relevant analysis. However, a great number of difficulties are involved, not only in the modelling, but also in the practical implementation of the models developed at present. The main purpose of this paper is to present and discuss some of these problems from a user and social point of view. A brief presentation of a preliminary study of the importance of including benefits in life-cycle cost-benefit analysis in management systems for bridges is shown. Benefits may be positive as well as negative from the user point of view. In the paper, negative benefits (user costs) are discussed in relation to the maintenance of concrete bridges. A limited number of excerpts from published reports that are related to the importance of estimating user costs when repairs of bridges are planned, and when optimized strategies are formulated, are shown. These excerpts clearly show that user costs in several cases completely dominate the total costs. In some cases, the user costs are more than ten times higher than the repair costs. A simple example of how to relate and estimate user costs to the repair of a single bridge is shown. Finally, how the total maintenance costs (including user costs) may be estimated for a large bridge stock is discussed.

  16. Qualitative analysis of end user computing strategy and experiences in promoting nursing informatics in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, I-Ching; Chang, Polun; Wang, Tsen-Yung

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyse end user computing strategy and experiences in promoting nursing informatics in Taiwan. In February 2004, an 8-day NI technology training campaign was held in Taipei for 60 clinical nurses. Excel VBA was used as the tool to teach the clinical nurses, who had never written any programs, but were very interested in informatics. Three projects were determined after detailed discussion and evaluation of clinical needs and technical feasibility between the nurses and the technical support team, which was composed of one experienced informatics professor and one clinical NI assistant. A qualitative analysis was used to interview the three pairs of programming clinical nurses and their direct supervisors with a structured but open questionnaire. Representative concepts were categorized from the data until all were categorized. The concepts were organized under three categories: the purposes, the benefits and the challenges of system development. According to this study, end user computing strategy with Excel VBA was successful so far. PMID:17102334

  17. A graphical user interface for real-time analysis of XPCS using HPC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the development of third generation synchrotron radiation sources, X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for characterizing equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics in complex materials at nanometer length scales over a wide range of time-scales (0.001-1000 s). Moreover, the development of powerful new direct detection CCD cameras has allowed investigation of faster dynamical processes. A consequence of these technical improvements is the need to reduce a very large amount of area detector data within a short time. This problem can be solved by utilizing a large number of processors (32-64) in the cluster architecture to improve the efficiency of the calculations by 1-2 orders of magnitude (Tieman et al., this issue). However, to make such a data analysis system operational, powerful and user-friendly control software needs to be developed. As a part of the effort to maintain a high data acquisition and reduction rate, we have developed a Matlab-based software that acts as an interface between the user and the high performance computing (HPC) cluster.

  18. Thermal buckling comparative analysis using Different FE (Finite Element) tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banasiak, Waldemar; Labouriau, Pedro [INTECSEA do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Burnett, Christopher [INTECSEA UK, Surrey (United Kingdom); Falepin, Hendrik [Fugro Engineers SA/NV, Brussels (Belgium)

    2009-12-19

    High operational temperature and pressure in offshore pipelines may lead to unexpected lateral movements, sometimes call lateral buckling, which can have serious consequences for the integrity of the pipeline. The phenomenon of lateral buckling in offshore pipelines needs to be analysed in the design phase using FEM. The analysis should take into account many parameters, including operational temperature and pressure, fluid characteristic, seabed profile, soil parameters, coatings of the pipe, free spans etc. The buckling initiation force is sensitive to small changes of any initial geometric out-of-straightness, thus the modeling of the as-laid state of the pipeline is an important part of the design process. Recently some dedicated finite elements programs have been created making modeling of the offshore environment more convenient that has been the case with the use of general purpose finite element software. The present paper aims to compare thermal buckling analysis of sub sea pipeline performed using different finite elements tools, i.e. general purpose programs (ANSYS, ABAQUS) and dedicated software (SAGE Profile 3D) for a single pipeline resting on an the seabed. The analyses considered the pipeline resting on a flat seabed with a small levels of out-of straightness initiating the lateral buckling. The results show the quite good agreement of results of buckling in elastic range and in the conclusions next comparative analyses with sensitivity cases are recommended. (author)

  19. 2004/2008 labour market information comparative analysis report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electricity sector has entered into a phase of both challenges and opportunities. Challenges include workforce retirement, labour shortages, and increased competition from other employers to attract and retain the skilled people required to deliver on the increasing demand for electricity in Canada. The electricity sector in Canada is also moving into a new phase, whereby much of the existing infrastructure is either due for significant upgrades, or complete replacement. The increasing demand for electricity means that increased investment and capital expenditure will need to be put toward building new infrastructure altogether. The opportunities for the electricity industry will lie in its ability to effectively and efficiently react to these challenges. The purpose of this report was to provide employers and stakeholders in the sector with relevant and current trend data to help them make appropriate policy and human resource decisions. The report presented a comparative analysis of a 2004 Canadian Electricity Association employer survey with a 2008 Electricity Sector Council employer survey. The comparative analysis highlighted trends and changes that emerged between the 2004 and 2008 studies. Specific topics that were addressed included overall employment trends; employment diversity in the sector; age of non-support staff; recruitment; and retirements and pension eligibility. Recommendations were also offered. It was concluded that the electricity sector coulconcluded that the electricity sector could benefit greatly from implementing on-going recruitment campaigns. refs., tabs., figs

  20. [Specialized software product for comparative analysis of multicomponent DNA fingerprints].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skosyrev, V S; Vasil'eva, G V; Lomaeva, M G; Malakhova, L V; Antipova, V N; Bezlepkin, V G

    2013-04-01

    "GelAnalyzer" software, which is used to identify and correctly compare DNA fingerprints consisting of a large number of discrete bands, has been developed by the project to study the quantitative changes in DNA polymorphism patterns in animals and humans exposed to gamma radiation. The actual capabilities of this program are much broader and include the possibility to analyze the images of any multicomponent gels containing fragments of DNA, RNA, and proteins. This software product runs on Windows. "GelAnalyzer" allows one to analyze gel images obtained by a scanner, camera, or digital camera and ensures the visual control of the identification and comparative analysis of bands; it also makes it possible to take into account the bands that are poorly identified automatically and exclude the artifacts (incidental marks) on images. The operation of "GelAnalyzer" software is based on the determination of the values of normalized coordinates of bands with allowance for the relative electrophoretic mobility (Rf) of PCR products and comparison of their spectra (set of bands in gel lanes) to reveal the similarities or differences in their components with subsequent statistical data processing and display the results of the analysis. PMID:23866630

  1. Comparative Analysis of Congestion Control Algorithms Using ns-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Patel

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to curtail the escalating packet loss rates caused by an exponential increase in network traffic, active queue management techniques such as Random Early Detection (RED have come into picture. Flow Random Early Drop (FRED keeps state based on instantaneous queue occupancy of a given flow. FRED protects fragile flows by deterministically accepting flows from low bandwidth connections and fixes several shortcomings of RED by computing queue length during both arrival and departure of the packet. Stochastic Fair Queuing (SFQ ensures fair access to network resources and prevents a busty flow from consuming more than its fair share. In case of (Random Exponential Marking REM, the key idea is to decouple congestion measure from performance measure (loss, queue length or delay. Stabilized RED (SRED is another approach of detecting nonresponsive flows. In this paper, we have shown a comparative analysis of throughput, delay and queue length for the various congestion control algorithms RED, SFQ and REM. We also included the comparative analysis of loss rate having different bandwidth for these algorithms.

  2. User's manuals of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for aged piping, PASCAL-SP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of research on the material degradation and structural integrity assessment for aged LWR components, a PFM (Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics) analysis code PASCAL-SP (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Stress Corrosion Cracking at Welded Joints of Piping) has been developed. This code evaluates the failure probabilities at welded joints of aged piping by a Monte Carlo method. PASCAL-SP treats stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and fatigue crack growth in piping, according to the approaches of NISA and JSME FFS Code. The development of the code has been aimed to improve the accuracy and reliability of analysis by introducing new analysis methodologies and algorithms considering the latest knowledge in the SCC assessment and fracture criteria of piping. In addition, the accuracy of flaw detection and sizing at in-service inspection and residual stress distribution were modeled based on experimental data and introduced into PASCAL-SP. This code has been developed for a cross-check use by the regulatory body in Japan. In addition to this, this code can also be used for a research purpose by researchers in academia and industries. This report provides the user's manual and theoretical background of the code. (author)

  3. Bitmap indices for fast end-user physics analysis in ROOT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most physics analysis jobs involve multiple selection steps on the input data. These selection steps are called cuts or queries. A common strategy to implement these queries is to read all input data from files and then process the queries in memory. In many applications the number of variables used to define these queries is a relative small portion of the overall data set therefore reading all variables into memory takes unnecessarily long time. In this paper we describe an integration effort that can significantly reduce this unnecessary reading by using an efficient compressed bitmap index technology. The primary advantage of this index is that it can process arbitrary combinations of queries very efficiently, while most other indexing technologies suffer from the 'curse of dimensionality' as the number of queries increases. By integrating this index technology with the ROOT analysis framework, the end-users can benefit from the added efficiency without having to modify their analysis programs. Our performance results show that for multi-dimensional queries, bitmap indices outperform the traditional analysis method up to a factor of 10

  4. The Comparative Analysis of Aversive and Ordinary Noise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, C. Marion, Jr.

    There is a vast amount of literature concerning the psychological and physiological effects of ordinary noise on the individual. However, few publications have addressed the analysis of aversive noise. This research analyzes three noises which produce the familiar goose flesh or chilling effect responsivity. These aversive sounds which are made by chalk squeaking on the chalkboard, fingernails on the chalkboard and rubbing styrofoam against a smooth surface are digitally compared to ordinary noise to show how these aversive sounds differ from sounds which are only annoying. This work, which uses Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis is a combination with cross correlation analysis and other innovative methods to produce comparative data on noises, illustrates subtle differences between ordinary and aversive noise which may be useful for future work in acoustics or experimental psychology. The literature review shows disagreement among the numerous works on the effects of ordinary noise on human subjects. One explanation for this difference is the failure to adequately measure and define the dynamic nature of the noise used. The existing literature also establishes that a mixture of tones plus random noise is more annoying (but not aversive) than either the random noise or the tones alone. This investigation shows that one property of aversive noises is the combination of randomness plus tones which vary rapidly with time. This paper utilizes a new digital technique which improves the FFT analyzer resolution by a factor of 25. The resulting +/-2 Hz accuracy facilitated the presentation of frequency variation as a function of time data. Other computer generated graphical data includes the percent harmonic deviation as a function of time, the rate of change of fundamental frequency, and the rate of change in harmonic deviation. From these dynamic data, average values are calculated which show the aversive noise to be consistently greater in mean frequency deviation, average frequency deviation rate, harmonic deviation, and harmonic deviation rate. The cross correlation analysis is used to compare aversive sounds to each other and then the aversive sounds to ordinary noise. The results show average cross correlations among aversive sounds to be 0.91 while the aversive to ordinary noise cross correlation averages 0.57. This work includes 326 computer generated graphical presentations of the dynamic properties of noise.

  5. User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant

  6. User guide for data analysis of estimation algorithm of loose parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Soo; Hwang, In Koo; Song, Sun Ja; Kim, Tae Hwane

    2001-02-01

    Generally, it is known that loose parts in the reactor coolant systems (RCS) bring serious damage into the system components and impede the normal function of the system. So, it is necessary to rapidly respond when the impact event has occurred. But the existing system is known to only alarm information for the operator. The report presented the user guide of the estimation algorithm needed to diagnosis and proposed how to use the impact test and actual impact of Database. The Database will be used to compare the test data with the actual data when the impact event has occurred. Appendix I include that the estimation algorithm applied to the impact test data and actual impact data is proposed. Appendix II is represented to the report about the actual impact data sent to the operator, until now. Appendix III shows the flowchart of LPMS's Monitoring and diagnosis at each plant.

  7. Rice fortification: a comparative analysis in mandated settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsman, Carmen; Milani, Peiman; Schondebare, Jill A; Matthias, Dipika; Guyondet, Christophe

    2014-09-01

    Legal mandates can play an important role in the success of rice fortification programs that involve the private sector. However, merely enacting mandatory legislation does not guarantee success; it requires a coordinated, multidimensional cross-sector effort that addresses stewardship, develops an appropriate rice fortification technology, enables sustainable production and distribution channels through a range of private-sector players, ensures quality, generates consumer demand, and monitors progress. Furthermore, economic sustainability must be built into the supply chain and distribution network to enable the program to outlast government administrations and/or time-limited funding. Hence, mandates can serve as valuable long-term enablers of cross-sector mobilization and collaboration and as catalysts of civil society engagement in and ownership of fortification programs. This paper compares the rice fortification experiences of Costa Rica and the Philippines--two countries with mandates, yet distinctly different industry landscapes. Costa Rica has achieved national success through strong government stewardship and active market development--key elements of success regardless of industry structure. With a comparatively more diffuse rice industry structure, the Philippines has also had success in limited geographies where key stakeholders have played an active role in market development. A comparative analysis provides lessons that may be relevant to other rice fortification programs. PMID:24913356

  8. Mycobacterial species as case-study of comparative genome analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zakham, F.; Belayachi, L.

    2011-01-01

    The genus Mycobacterium represents more than 120 species including important pathogens of human and cause major public health problems and illnesses. Further, with more than 100 genome sequences from this genus, comparative genome analysis can provide new insights for better understanding the evolutionary events of these species and improving drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics tools for controlling Mycobacterial diseases. In this present study we aim to outline a comparative genome analysis of fourteen Mycobacterial genomes: M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis K—10, M. bovis AF2122/97, M. bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2, M. leprae Br4923, M. marinum M, M. sp. KMS, M. sp. MCS, M. tuberculosis CDC1551, M. tuberculosis F11, M. tuberculosis H37Ra, M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis KZN 1435 , M. ulcerans Agy99,and M. vanbaalenii PYR—1, For this purpose a comparison has been done based on their length of genomes, GC content, number of genes in different data bases (Genbank, Refseq, and Prodigal). The BLAST matrix of these genomes has been figured to give a lot of information about the similarity between species in a simple scheme. As a result of multiple genome analysis, the pan and core genome have been defined for twelve Mycobacterial species. We have also introduced the genome atlas of the reference strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv which can give a good overview of this genome. And for examining the phylogenetic relationships among these bacteria, a phylogenic tree has been constructed from 16S rRNA gene for tuberculosis and non tuberculosis Mycobacteria to understand the evolutionary events of these species.

  9. Texture analysis of multiple sclerosis: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Tong, Longzheng; Wang, Lei; Li, Ning

    2008-10-01

    The difficulty of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to support early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) stems from the subtle pathological changes in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, texture analysis was performed on MR images of MS patients and normal controls and a combined set of texture features were explored in order to better discriminate tissues between MS lesions, normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and normal white matter (NWM). Features were extracted from gradient matrix, run-length (RL) matrix, gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), autoregressive (AR) model and wavelet analysis, and were selected based on greatest difference between different tissue types. The results of the combined set of texture features were compared with our previous results of GLCM-based features alone. The results of this study demonstrated that (1) with the combined set of texture features, classification was perfect (100%) between MS lesions and NAWM (or NWM), less successful (88.89%) among the three tissue types and worst (58.33%) between NAWM and NWM; (2) compared with GLCM-based features, the combined set of texture features were better at discriminating MS lesions and NWM, equally good at discriminating MS lesions and NAWM and at all three tissue types, but less effective in classification between NAWM and NWM. This study suggested that texture analysis with the combined set of texture features may be equally good or more advantageous than the commonly used GLCM-based features alone in discriminating MS lesions and NWM/NAWM and in supporting early diagnosis of MS. PMID:18513908

  10. Extreme storm surges: a comparative study of frequency analysis approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdi, Y.; Bardet, L.; Duluc, C.-M.; Rebour, V.

    2014-08-01

    In France, nuclear facilities were designed around very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, some extreme climatic events have given rise to exceptional observed surges (outliers) much larger than other observations, and have clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the present work is to conduct a comparative study of three approaches to extreme value analysis, including the annual maxima (AM), the peaks-over-threshold (POT) and the r-largest order statistics (r-LOS). These methods are illustrated in a real analysis case study. All data sets were screened for outliers. Non-parametric tests for randomness, homogeneity and stationarity of time series were used. The shape and scale parameter stability plots, the mean excess residual life plot and the stability of the standard errors of return levels were used to select optimal thresholds and r values for the POT and r-LOS method, respectively. The comparison of methods was based on (i) the uncertainty degrees, (ii) the adequacy criteria and tests, and (iii) the visual inspection. It was found that the r-LOS and POT methods have reduced the uncertainty on the distribution parameters and return level estimates and have systematically shown values of the 100 and 500-year return levels smaller than those estimated with the AM method. Results have also shown that none of the compared methods has allowed a good fit at the right tail of the distribution in the presence of outliers. As a perspective, the use of historical information was proposed in order to increase the representativeness of outliers in data sets. Findings are of practical relevance, not only to nuclear energy operators in France, for applications in storm surge hazard analysis and flood management, but also for the optimal planning and design of facilities to withstand extreme environmental conditions, with an appropriate level of risk.

  11. Mycobacterial species as case-study of comparative genome analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakham, F; Belayachi, L; Ussery, D; Akrim, M; Benjouad, A; El Aouad, R; Ennaji, M M

    2011-01-01

    The genus Mycobacterium represents more than 120 species including important pathogens of human and cause major public health problems and illnesses. Further, with more than 100 genome sequences from this genus, comparative genome analysis can provide new insights for better understanding the evolutionary events of these species and improving drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics tools for controlling Mycobacterial diseases. In this present study we aim to outline a comparative genome analysis of fourteen Mycobacterial genomes: M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis K—10, M. bovis AF2122/97, M. bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2, M. leprae Br4923, M. marinum M, M. sp. KMS, M. sp. MCS, M. tuberculosis CDC1551, M. tuberculosis F11, M. tuberculosis H37Ra, M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis KZN 1435 , M. ulcerans Agy99,and M. vanbaalenii PYR—1, For this purpose a comparison has been done based on their length of genomes, GC content, number of genes in different data bases (Genbank, Refseq, and Prodigal). The BLAST matrix of these genomes has been figured to give a lot of information about the similarity between species in a simple scheme. As a result of multiple genome analysis, the pan and core genome have been defined for twelve Mycobacterial species. We have also introduced the genome atlas of the reference strain M. tuberculosis H37Rv which can give a good overview of this genome. And for examining the phylogenetic relationships among these bacteria, a phylogenic tree has been constructed from 16S rRNA gene for tuberculosis and non tuberculosis Mycobacteria to understand the evolutionary events of these species. PMID:21396338

  12. Discrete-time Queuing Analysis of Opportunistic Spectrum Access: Single User Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jin-long; Xu, Yu-hua; Gao, Zhan; Wu, Qi-hui

    2011-11-01

    This article studies the discrete-time queuing dynamics of opportunistic spectrum access (OSA) systems, in which the secondary user seeks spectrum vacancies between bursty transmissions of the primary user to communicate. Since spectrum sensing and data transmission can not be performed simultaneously, the secondary user employs a sensing-then-transmission strategy to detect the presence of the primary user before accessing the licensed channel. Consequently, the transmission of the secondary user is periodically suspended for spectrum sensing. To capture the discontinuous transmission nature of the secondary user, we introduce a discrete-time queuing subjected to bursty preemption to describe the behavior of the secondary user. Specifically, we derive some important metrics of the secondary user, including secondary spectrum utilization ratio, buffer length, packet delay and packet dropping ratio. Finally, simulation results validate the proposed theoretical model and reveal that the theoretical results fit the simulated results well.

  13. Multivariate Comparative Analysis of Stock Exchanges: The European Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koralun-Bere?nicka, Julia

    The aim of the research is to perform a multivariate comparative analysis of 20 European stock exchanges in order to identify the main similarities between the objects. Due to the convergence process of capital markets in Europe the similarities between stock exchanges could be expected to increase over time. The research is meant to show whether and how these similarities change. Consequently, the distances between clusters of similar stock exchanges should become less significant, which the analysis also aims at verifying. The basis of comparison is a set of 48 monthly variables from the period January, 2003 to December, 2006. The variables are classified into three categories: size of the market, equity trading and bonds. The paper aims at identifying the clusters of alike stock exchanges and at finding the characteristic features of each of the distinguished groups. The obtained categorization to some extent corresponds with the division of the European Union into “new” and “old” member countries. Clustering method, performed for each quarter separately, also reveals that the classification is fairly stable in time. The factor analysis, which was carried out to reduce the number of variables, reveals three major factors behind the data, which are related with the earlier mentioned categories of variables.

  14. White matter degeneration in schizophrenia: a comparative diffusion tensor analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingalhalikar, Madhura A.; Andreasen, Nancy C.; Kim, Jinsuh; Alexander, Andrew L.; Magnotta, Vincent A.

    2010-03-01

    Schizophrenia is a serious and disabling mental disorder. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies performed on schizophrenia have demonstrated white matter degeneration either due to loss of myelination or deterioration of fiber tracts although the areas where the changes occur are variable across studies. Most of the population based studies analyze the changes in schizophrenia using scalar indices computed from the diffusion tensor such as fractional anisotropy (FA) and relative anisotropy (RA). The scalar measures may not capture the complete information from the diffusion tensor. In this paper we have applied the RADTI method on a group of 9 controls and 9 patients with schizophrenia. The RADTI method converts the tensors to log-Euclidean space where a linear regression model is applied and hypothesis testing is performed between the control and patient groups. Results show that there is a significant difference in the anisotropy between patients and controls especially in the parts of forceps minor, superior corona radiata, anterior limb of internal capsule and genu of corpus callosum. To check if the tensor analysis gives a better idea of the changes in anisotropy, we compared the results with voxelwise FA analysis as well as voxelwise geodesic anisotropy (GA) analysis.

  15. Multiple comparative studies of Green Supply Chain Management : Pressures analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Lihui; Mathiyazhagan, K.

    2013-01-01

    Environmental sustainability is of great concern among world organizations and enterprises due to recent trends in global warming. Many developed nations have put in place stricter environmental regulations. Industries in such nations have established full-fledged systems to adopt environment friendly operation strategies to lower their overall carbon footprint. Currently, there is increased awareness among customers even in developing countries about eco friendly manufacturing solutions. Multi-national firms have identified economies of developed nations as a potential market for their products. Such organizations in developing countries like India and China are under pressure to adopt green concepts in supply chain operations to compete in the market and satisfy their customers' increasing needs. This paper offers a comparative study of pressures that impact the adoption of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). Thirty two pressures are identified from extensive literature reviews and they are classified into five distinct groups based on their similarities. A detailed questionnaire is prepared and circulated among industries in various sectors. Industries were requested through this survey to rate the impact of each pressure. Two independent hypotheses were formulated from literature to test the nature of impact and the differences affecting Indian industries. Statistical data analysis through one-way single factor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), followed by pair-wise comparison of means using Tukey's test was used. The analysis was performed for different sectors and different scales of production categories. The results and their implications are also discussed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Exploiting all phone media? A multidimensional network analysis of phone users' sociality

    CERN Document Server

    Zignani, Matteo; Gaitto, Sabrina; Rossi, Gian Paolo

    2014-01-01

    The growing awareness that human communications and social interactions are assuming a stratified structure, due to the availability of multiple techno-communication channels, including online social networks, mobile phone calls, short messages (SMS) and e-mails, has recently led to the study of multidimensional networks, as a step further the classical Social Network Analysis. A few papers have been dedicated to develop the theoretical framework to deal with such multiplex networks and to analyze some example of multidimensional social networks. In this context we perform the first study of the multiplex mobile social network, gathered from the records of both call and text message activities of millions of users of a large mobile phone operator over a period of 12 weeks. While social networks constructed from mobile phone datasets have drawn great attention in recent years, so far studies have dealt with text message and call data, separately, providing a very partial view of people sociality expressed on p...

  17. FETSIM user's manual and example. [D.C. and transient analysis of MOS circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    A batch program written in FORTRAN IV which does D.C. and transient analysis of MOS circuits is presented. Circuits employing N-MOS transistors and/or P-MOS transistors in either a bulk technology or an SOS technology, or almost any combination of R-C elements may be analyzed. The program requires as input data the complete circuit topology, device parameters, process parameters, and control parameters. The user can specify initial node conditions and the input pulse format. For example, pulse rise time, fall time, width and time between succeeding pulses are all independently controllable. The program contains a sophisticated mathematical model that can accurately handle either NMOS, P-MOS, Bulk or SOS devices. Sensitivity to process changes is maintained by requiring such process parameters as threshold voltage and doping level as program inputs.

  18. BPO crude oil analysis data base user`s guide: Methods, publications, computer access correlations, uses, availability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sellers, C.; Fox, B.; Paulz, J.

    1996-03-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has one of the largest and most complete collections of information on crude oil composition that is available to the public. The computer program that manages this database of crude oil analyses has recently been rewritten to allow easier access to this information. This report describes how the new system can be accessed and how the information contained in the Crude Oil Analysis Data Bank can be obtained.

  19. Reconceptualizing Early and Late Onset: A Life Course Analysis of Older Heroin Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boeri, Miriam Williams; Sterk, Claire E.; Elifson, Kirk W.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Researchers' knowledge regarding older users of illicit drugs is limited despite the increasing numbers of users. In this article, we apply a life course perspective to gain a further understanding of older adult drug use, specifically contrasting early- and late-onset heroin users. Design and Methods: We collected qualitative data from…

  20. SHEAT for PC. A computer code for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis for personal computer, user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SHEAT code developed at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis which is one of the tasks needed for seismic Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) of a nuclear power plant. At first, SHEAT was developed as the large sized computer version. In addition, a personal computer version was provided to improve operation efficiency and generality of this code in 2001. It is possible to perform the earthquake hazard analysis, display and the print functions with the Graphical User Interface. With the SHEAT for PC code, seismic hazard which is defined as an annual exceedance frequency of occurrence of earthquake ground motions at various levels of intensity at a given site is calculated by the following two steps as is done with the large sized computer. One is the modeling of earthquake generation around a site. Future earthquake generation (locations, magnitudes and frequencies of postulated earthquake) is modeled based on the historical earthquake records, active fault data and expert judgment. Another is the calculation of probabilistic seismic hazard at the site. An earthquake ground motion is calculated for each postulated earthquake using an attenuation model taking into account its standard deviation. Then the seismic hazard at the site is calculated by summing the frequencies of ground motions by all the earthquakes. This document is the user's manual of the SHEAT for PC code. It includes: (1) Outline of the code, which include overall concept, logical process, code structure, data file used and special characteristics of code, (2) Functions of subprogram and analytical models in them, (3) Guidance of input and output data, (4) Sample run result, and (5) Operational manual. (author)

  1. EDGAR: A software framework for the comparative analysis of prokaryotic genomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vorhölter Frank-Jörg

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The introduction of next generation sequencing approaches has caused a rapid increase in the number of completely sequenced genomes. As one result of this development, it is now feasible to analyze large groups of related genomes in a comparative approach. A main task in comparative genomics is the identification of orthologous genes in different genomes and the classification of genes as core genes or singletons. Results To support these studies EDGAR – "Efficient Database framework for comparative Genome Analyses using BLAST score Ratios" – was developed. EDGAR is designed to automatically perform genome comparisons in a high throughput approach. Comparative analyses for 582 genomes across 75 genus groups taken from the NCBI genomes database were conducted with the software and the results were integrated into an underlying database. To demonstrate a specific application case, we analyzed ten genomes of the bacterial genus Xanthomonas, for which phylogenetic studies were awkward due to divergent taxonomic systems. The resultant phylogeny EDGAR provided was consistent with outcomes from traditional approaches performed recently and moreover, it was possible to root each strain with unprecedented accuracy. Conclusion EDGAR provides novel analysis features and significantly simplifies the comparative analysis of related genomes. The software supports a quick survey of evolutionary relationships and simplifies the process of obtaining new biological insights into the differential gene content of kindred genomes. Visualization features, like synteny plots or Venn diagrams, are offered to the scientific community through a web-based and therefore platform independent user interface http://edgar.cebitec.uni-bielefeld.de, where the precomputed data sets can be browsed.

  2. Does Offline Political Segregation Affect the Filter Bubble? An Empirical Analysis of Information Diversity for Dutch and Turkish Twitter Users

    CERN Document Server

    Bozdag, Engin; Houben, Geert-Jan; Warnier, Martijn

    2014-01-01

    From a liberal perspective, pluralism and viewpoint diversity are seen as a necessary condition for a well-functioning democracy. Recently, there have been claims that viewpoint diversity is diminishing in online social networks, putting users in a "bubble", where they receive political information which they agree with. The contributions from our investigations are fivefold: (1) we introduce different dimensions of the highly complex value viewpoint diversity using political theory; (2) we provide an overview of the metrics used in the literature of viewpoint diversity analysis; (3) we operationalize new metrics using the theory and provide a framework to analyze viewpoint diversity in Twitter for different political cultures; (4) we share our results for a case study on minorities we performed for Turkish and Dutch Twitter users; (5) we show that minority users cannot reach a large percentage of Turkish Twitter users. With the last of these contributions, using theory from communication scholars and philoso...

  3. Privacy - an Issue for eLearning? A Trend Analysis Reflecting the Attitude of European eLearning Users

    CERN Document Server

    Borcea-Pfitzmann, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Availing services provided via the Internet became a widely accepted means in organising one's life. Beside others, eLearning goes with this trend as well. But, while employing Internet service makes life more convenient, at the same time, it raises risks with respect to the protection of the users' privacy. This paper analyses the attitudes of eLearning users towards their privacy by, initially, pointing out terminology and legal issues connected with privacy. Further, the concept and implementation as well as a result analysis of a conducted study is presented, which explores the problem area from different perspectives. The paper will show that eLearning users indeed care for the protection of their personal information when using eLearning services. However, their attitudes and behaviour slightly differ. In conclusion, we provide first approaches of assisting possibilities for users how to resolve the difference of requirements and their actual activities with respect to privacy protection.

  4. Micromechanics Analysis Code Post-Processing (MACPOST) User Guide. 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg, Robert K.; Comiskey, Michele D.; Bednarcyk, Brett A.

    1999-01-01

    As advanced composite materials have gained wider usage. the need for analytical models and computer codes to predict the thermomechanical deformation response of these materials has increased significantly. Recently, a micromechanics technique called the generalized method of cells (GMC) has been developed, which has the capability to fulfill this -oal. Tc provide a framework for GMC, the Micromechanics Analysis Code with Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC) has been developed. As MAC/GMC has been updated, significant improvements have been made to the post-processing capabilities of the code. Through the MACPOST program, which operates directly within the MSC/PATRAN graphical pre- and post-processing package, a direct link between the analysis capabilities of MAC/GMC and the post-processing capabilities of MSC/PATRAN has been established. MACPOST has simplified the production, printing. and exportation of results for unit cells analyzed by MAC/GMC. MACPOST allows different micro-level quantities to be plotted quickly and easily in contour plots. In addition, meaningful data for X-Y plots can be examined. MACPOST thus serves as an important analysis and visualization tool for the macro- and micro-level data generated by MAC/GMC. This report serves as the user's manual for the MACPOST program.

  5. C language program analysis system (CLAS) part 1: graphical user interface (GUI)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CLAS (C Language Program Analysis System) is a reverse engineering tool intended for use in the verification and validation (V and V) phase of software programs developed in the ANSI C language. From the source code, CLAS generates data pertaining to two conceptual models of software programs viz., Entity-Relationship (E-R) model and Control Flow Graphs (CFG) model. Browsing tools within CLAS, make use of this data, to provide different graphical views of the project. Static analysis tools have been developed earlier for analysing assembly language programs. CLAS is a continuation of this work to provide automated support in analysis of ANSI C language programs. CLAS provides an integrated Graphical User Interface (GUI) based environment under which programs can be analysed into the above mentioned models and the analysed data can be viewed using the browsing tools. The GUI of CLAS is implemented using an OPEN LOOK compliant tool kit XVIEW on Sun SPARC IPC workstation running Sun OS 4.1.1 rev. B. This report describes the GUI of CLAS. CLAS is also expected to be useful in other contexts which may involve understanding architecture/structure of already developed C language programs. Such requirements can arise while carrying out activities like code modification, parallelising etc. (author). 5 refs., 13 figs., 1 appendix

  6. Comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in photosynthetic eukaryotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reddy Anireddy SN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Kinesins, a superfamily of molecular motors, use microtubules as tracks and transport diverse cellular cargoes. All kinesins contain a highly conserved ~350 amino acid motor domain. Previous analysis of the completed genome sequence of one flowering plant (Arabidopsis has resulted in identification of 61 kinesins. The recent completion of genome sequencing of several photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic eukaryotes that belong to divergent lineages offers a unique opportunity to conduct a comprehensive comparative analysis of kinesins in plant and non-plant systems and infer their evolutionary relationships. Results We used the kinesin motor domain to identify kinesins in the completed genome sequences of 19 species, including 13 newly sequenced genomes. Among the newly analyzed genomes, six represent photosynthetic eukaryotes. A total of 529 kinesins was used to perform comprehensive analysis of kinesins and to construct gene trees using the Bayesian and parsimony approaches. The previously recognized 14 families of kinesins are resolved as distinct lineages in our inferred gene tree. At least three of the 14 kinesin families are not represented in flowering plants. Chlamydomonas, a green alga that is part of the lineage that includes land plants, has at least nine of the 14 known kinesin families. Seven of ten families present in flowering plants are represented in Chlamydomonas, indicating that these families were retained in both the flowering-plant and green algae lineages. Conclusion The increase in the number of kinesins in flowering plants is due to vast expansion of the Kinesin-14 and Kinesin-7 families. The Kinesin-14 family, which typically contains a C-terminal motor, has many plant kinesins that have the motor domain at the N terminus, in the middle, or the C terminus. Several domains in kinesins are present exclusively either in plant or animal lineages. Addition of novel domains to kinesins in lineage-specific groups contributed to the functional diversification of kinesins. Results from our gene-tree analyses indicate that there was tremendous lineage-specific duplication and diversification of kinesins in eukaryotes. Since the functions of only a few plant kinesins are reported in the literature, this comprehensive comparative analysis will be useful in designing functional studies with photosynthetic eukaryotes.

  7. Comparative Genomic Analysis and Evolutionary Study of CD4 Antigen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ilyas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available CD4 antigen is important to act as the primary receptor for the HIV. In order to understand the human CD4 gene and to determine its evolutionary aspects, we characterized this gene in detail in six different organisms. A comparative study was made of nucleotide length variations, intron and exon sizes and number variations, differential compositions of coding to non-coding bases, etc., to look for similarities/dissimilarities in the CD4 gene across all six taxa. Phylogenetic analysis showed the pattern found in other genes, as Homo sapiens and Pan troglodytes were placed in a single clade, and Rattus norvegicus and Mus musculus in another. We further focused on the two primates and aligned the amino acid sequences; there were small differences between humans and chimpanzees; both w ere more different from the other organisms.

  8. Comparative crystal chemical analysis of borophosphates and borosilicates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurbanova, O. A.; Belokoneva, E. L.

    2007-07-01

    A comparative crystal chemical analysis of mixed borophosphate and borosilicate anionic radicals revealed the main difference between them: the condensation of [PO4] tetrahedra does not proceed via common vertices, whereas the sharing of vertices is possible for the [SiO4] tetrahedra. In all the borophosphates considered, phosphorus is found only in the formally isolated tetrahedra. The central part of the heterogeneous radicals is formed by tetrahedra of lower charge ions (B+3), and the tetrahedra that incrust the central part have higher valences (Si+4, P+5). In borosilicates, silicon forms its own constructions up to complex layers and frameworks because its charge (Si+4) is lower than that of phosphorus (P+5). The higher charge of phosphorus impedes two-dimensional and three-dimensional condensation. As a result, borophosphates form a variety of soro and chain radicals and only few layer and framework constructions.

  9. Vermiculites of the Northeast Brazilian region: comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vermiculites are clay minerals similar to montmorillonites differing for crystalline structures. The product exfoliated is odorless, hydrophobic, not irritate the skin and not the lungs. These properties provide the modified thermally vermiculite a product of broad application in the sectors of construction, agriculture and industry. The aim this work is the comparative analysis between two vermiculites micron fractions from different localities of the northeastern Brazilian region, UBM/PB and EUCATEX/PI. Samples exfoliated to 950 deg C were leached for removal of organic matter by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. The spectroscopy in the infrared, FTIR and X-ray diffraction, XRD, were used to characterize the samples. Data from X-ray diffraction showed that the structural characteristics of the mineral samples were not significantly altered with the process of leaching and the IR spectra proved the efficiency of procedure for removal of organic impurities (author)

  10. Malaysian Real Estate Investment Trusts: A Performance and Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tze San Ong

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the investment performance of conventional and Islamic Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs listed in Malaysia over the 2005–10 time period. Analysis reveals that both conventional and Islamic REITs experienced negative monthly return during 2008 global financial crisis (GFC period, and positive monthly return post GFC period. Compared to market indices, most REITs are under-performed before GFC. Divergent findings were reported during the GFC and post-GFC, depending on the measurement tools used. Based on Treynor and Sharpe measurements, most REITs under-performed the market portfolio in during and post GFC period. However, according to Jensen measurement, the REITs out-performed market indices during and post GFC period. Despite these seemingly divergent findings, this study can assist investors, regulatory body, fund managers and academics to make a better informed investment decision on Malaysia REITs. This study has provided interesting and important information and insights into the performance of Malaysia REITs.

  11. Comparative Analysis of Congestion Control Algorithms Using ns-2

    CERN Document Server

    Patel, Sanjeev; Garg, Arjun; Mehrotra, Prateek; Chhabra, Manish

    2012-01-01

    In order to curtail the escalating packet loss rates caused by an exponential increase in network traffic, active queue management techniques such as Random Early Detection (RED) have come into picture. Flow Random Early Drop (FRED) keeps state based on instantaneous queue occupancy of a given flow. FRED protects fragile flows by deterministically accepting flows from low bandwidth connections and fixes several shortcomings of RED by computing queue length during both arrival and departure of the packet. Stochastic Fair Queuing (SFQ) ensures fair access to network resources and prevents a busty flow from consuming more than its fair share. In case of (Random Exponential Marking) REM, the key idea is to decouple congestion measure from performance measure (loss, queue length or delay). Stabilized RED (SRED) is another approach of detecting nonresponsive flows. In this paper, we have shown a comparative analysis of throughput, delay and queue length for the various congestion control algorithms RED, SFQ and REM...

  12. Comparative Analysis of Hydrogen Production Methods with Nuclear Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrogen is highly effective and ecologically clean fuel. It can be produced by a variety of methods. Presently the most common are through electrolysis of water and through the steam reforming of natural gas. It is evident that the leading method for the future production of hydrogen is nuclear energy. Several types of reactors are being considered for hydrogen production, and several methods exist to produce hydrogen, including thermochemical cycles and high-temperature electrolysis. In the article the comparative analysis of various hydrogen production methods is submitted. It is considered the possibility of hydrogen production with the nuclear reactors and is proposed implementation of research program in this field at the IPPE sodium-potassium eutectic cooling high temperature experimental facility (VTS rig). (authors)

  13. Urban street networks: a comparative analysis of ten European cities

    CERN Document Server

    Strano, Emanuele; Cardillo, Alessio; Costa, Luciano Da Fontoura; Porta, Sergio; Latora, Vito

    2012-01-01

    We compare the structural properties of the street networks of ten different European cities using their primal representation. We investigate the properties of the geometry of the networks and a set of centrality measures highlighting differences and similarities among cases. In particular, we found that cities share structural similarities due to their quasi planarity but that there are also several distinctive geometrical proprieties. A Principal Component Analysis is also performed on the distributions of centralities and their respective moments, which is used to find distinctive characteristics by which we can classify cities into families. We believe that, beyond the improvement of the empirical knowledge on streets network proprieties, our findings can open new perspectives in the scientific relation between city planning and complex networks, stimulating the debate on the effectiveness of the set of knowledge that statistical physics can contribute for city planning and urban morphology studies.

  14. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VAT EVOLUTION IN THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHAELA ANDREEA STROE

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study a comparative analysis of VAT in different states of the world. I made some observation on this theme because I believe that VAT is very important in carrying out transactions and the increase or decrease of this tax has a major impact upon national economies and also on the quality of life in developing countries. The papers has to pourpose to make a comparison between the American and European system of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages and, in the end to render an economic model and its statistics components. VAT is a value added tax which appeared about 50 years, initially with two purposes: one to replace certain indirect taxes, and another to reduce the budget deficit according to the faith of that time. The first country that has adopted this model was France, calling it today as value-added tax.

  15. Comparative Analysis of Fuzzy Inference Systems for Air Conditioner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati R. Chaudhari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In today’s world there is exponential increase in the use of air conditioning devices. The enhancement in utilization of such devices makes it essential for them to work with their full capability and efficiency. The fuzzy inference systems are best suited for the applications requiring easy interpretation, human reasoning, accurate decision making and control. The fuzzy inference systems resemble human decision making and generate precise solutions from approximate information. A comprehensive review of fuzzy inference systems with weighted average and defuzzification is covered in this paper. The objective of the paper is to provide the comparative analysis of fuzzy inference systems. This paper is a quick reference for the researchers in studying the characteristics of fuzzy inference system in air conditioner.

  16. Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beach, Derek

    What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary condition. The paper first develops three sets of competing explanatory variables that potentially can explain variations in the judicial independence of ICs. The causal effects of these explanatory variables upon variance in judicial independence are investigated in a comparative analysis of the ACJ, ECJ, ECtHR and IACHR. It is found that the threat of governmental noncompliance and the strength of the constituency possessed by an IC have the most explanatory power, although there is still a significant residual that can only be explained by looking at factors relating to judicial choices and agency.

  17. Comparative Evaluation and Analysis of IAX and RSW

    CERN Document Server

    Kolhar, Manjur S; Abouabdalla, Omar; Wan, Tat Chee; Manasrah, Ahmad M

    2010-01-01

    Voice over IP (VoIP) is a technology to transport media over IP networks such as the Internet. VoIP has the capability of connecting people over packet switched networks instead of traditional circuit switched networks. Recently, the InterAsterisk Exchange Protocol (IAX) has emerged as a new VoIP which is gaining popularity among VoIP products. IAX is known for its simplicity, NAT friendliness, efficiency, and robustness. More recently, the Real time Switching (RSW) control criterion has emerged as a multimedia conferencing protocol. In this paper, we made a comparative evaluation and analysis of IAX and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS) and found that they both perform well under different network packet delays in ms.

  18. Comparative Analysis on Turing Machine and Quantum Turing Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanistha Nayak

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Now-a-days every computing device is based on the Turing Machine. It is known that classical physics is sufficient to explain macroscopic phenomena, but is not to explain microscopic phenomena like the interference of electrons. In these days, speed-up and down-sizing of computing devices have been carried out using quantum physical effects; however, principles of computation on these devices are also based on classical physics. This paper tries to analyze mathematically a possibility that the Universal Quantum Turing Machine (UQTM is able to compute faster than any other classical models of computation. Basically we focused on comparative study on computation power of Universal Turing Machine (UTM and UQTM. Namely, in the equal, we tried to show that the UQTM can solve any NP-complete problem in polynomial time. The result analysis showed that UQTM is faster for any computation.

  19. Energy sources and nuclear energy. Comparative analysis and ethical reflections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the authority of the episcopacy of Brugge in Belgium an independent working group Ethics and Nuclear Energy was set up. The purpose of the working group was to collect all the necessary information on existing energy sources and to carry out a comparative analysis of their impact on mankind and the environment. Also attention was paid to economical and social aspects. The results of the study are subjected to an ethical reflection. The book is aimed at politicians, teachers, journalists and every interested layman who wants to gain insight into the consequences of the use of nuclear energy and other energy sources. Based on the information in this book one should be able to objectively define one's position in future debates on this subject

  20. Comparative analysis of heat transfer correlations for forced convection boiling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A critical survey was conducted of the most relevant correlations of boiling heat transfer in forced convection flow. Most of the investigations carried out on partial nucleate boiling and fully developed nucleate boiling have led to the formulation of correlations that are not able to cover a wide range of operating conditions, due to the empirical approach of the problem. A comparative analysis is therefore required in order to delineate the relative accuracy of the proposed correlations, on the basis of the experimental data presently available. The survey performed allows the evaluation of the accuracy of the different calculating procedure; the results obtained, moreover, indicate the most reliable heat transfer correlations for the different operating conditions investigated. This survey was developed for five pressure range (up to 180bar) and for both saturation and subcooled boiling condition

  1. Comparative expression pathway analysis of human and canine mammary tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marconato Laura

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spontaneous tumors in dog have been demonstrated to share many features with their human counterparts, including relevant molecular targets, histological appearance, genetics, biological behavior and response to conventional treatments. Mammary tumors in dog therefore provide an attractive alternative to more classical mouse models, such as transgenics or xenografts, where the tumour is artificially induced. To assess the extent to which dog tumors represent clinically significant human phenotypes, we performed the first genome-wide comparative analysis of transcriptional changes occurring in mammary tumors of the two species, with particular focus on the molecular pathways involved. Results We analyzed human and dog gene expression data derived from both tumor and normal mammary samples. By analyzing the expression levels of about ten thousand dog/human orthologous genes we observed a significant overlap of genes deregulated in the mammary tumor samples, as compared to their normal counterparts. Pathway analysis of gene expression data revealed a great degree of similarity in the perturbation of many cancer-related pathways, including the 'PI3K/AKT', 'KRAS', 'PTEN', 'WNT-beta catenin' and 'MAPK cascade'. Moreover, we show that the transcriptional relationships between different gene signatures observed in human breast cancer are largely maintained in the canine model, suggesting a close interspecies similarity in the network of cancer signalling circuitries. Conclusion Our data confirm and further strengthen the value of the canine mammary cancer model and open up new perspectives for the evaluation of novel cancer therapeutics and the development of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers to be used in clinical studies.

  2. Comparative and evolutionary analysis of major peanut allergen gene families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnaparkhe, Milind B; Lee, Tae-Ho; Tan, Xu; Wang, Xiyin; Li, Jingping; Kim, Changsoo; Rainville, Lisa K; Lemke, Cornelia; Compton, Rosana O; Robertson, Jon; Gallo, Maria; Bertioli, David J; Paterson, Andrew H

    2014-09-01

    Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) causes one of the most serious food allergies. Peanut seed proteins, Arah1, Arah2, and Arah3, are considered to be among the most important peanut allergens. To gain insights into genome organization and evolution of allergen-encoding genes, approximately 617 kb from the genome of cultivated peanut and 215 kb from a wild relative were sequenced including three Arah1, one Arah2, eight Arah3, and two Arah6 gene family members. To assign polarity to differences between homoeologous regions in peanut, we used as outgroups the single orthologous regions in Medicago, Lotus, common bean, chickpea, and pigeonpea, which diverged from peanut about 50 Ma and have not undergone subsequent polyploidy. These regions were also compared with orthologs in many additional dicot plant species to help clarify the timing of evolutionary events. The lack of conservation of allergenic epitopes between species, and the fact that many different proteins can be allergenic, makes the identification of allergens across species by comparative studies difficult. The peanut allergen genes are interspersed with low-copy genes and transposable elements. Phylogenetic analyses revealed lineage-specific expansion and loss of low-copy genes between species and homoeologs. Arah1 syntenic regions are conserved in soybean, pigeonpea, tomato, grape, Lotus, and Arabidopsis, whereas Arah3 syntenic regions show genome rearrangements. We infer that tandem and segmental duplications led to the establishment of the Arah3 gene family. Our analysis indicates differences in conserved motifs in allergen proteins and in the promoter regions of the allergen-encoding genes. Phylogenetic analysis and genomic organization studies provide new insights into the evolution of the major peanut allergen-encoding genes. PMID:25193311

  3. A comparative analysis of metal transportomes from metabolically versatile Pseudomonas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigue Agnes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The availability of complete genome sequences of versatile Pseudomonas occupying remarkably diverse ecological niches enabled to gain insights into their adaptative assets. The objective of this study was to analyze the complete genetic repertoires of metal transporters (metal transportomes from four representative Pseudomonas species and to identify metal transporters with "Genomic Island" associated features. Methods A comparative metal transporter inventory was built for the following four Pseudomonas species: P.putida (Ppu KT2440, P.aeruginosa (Pae PA01, P.fluorescens (Pfl Pf-5 and P.syringae (Psypv.tomato DC3000 using TIGR-CMR and Transport DB. Genomic analysis of essential and toxic metal ion transporters was accomplished from the above inventory. Metal transporters with "Genomic Island" associated features were identified using Islandpath analysis. Results Dataset cataloguing has been executed for 262 metal transporters from the four spp. Additional metal ion transporters belonging to NiCoT, Ca P-type ATPase, Cu P-type ATPases, ZIP and MgtC families were identified. In Psy DC3000, 48% of metal transporters showed strong GI features while it was 45% in Ppu KT2440. In Pfl Pf-5 and Pae PA01 only 26% of their metal transporters exhibited GI features. Conclusion Our comparative inventory of 262 metal transporters from four versatile Pseudomonas spp is the complete suite of metal transportomes analysed till date in a prokaryotic genus. This study identified differences in the basic composition of metal transportomes from Pseudomonas occupying diverse ecological niches and also elucidated their novel features. Based on this inventory we analysed the role of horizontal gene transfer in expansion and variability of metal transporter families.

  4. Comparative Analysis of Probabilistic Models for Activity Recognition with an Instrumented Walker

    CERN Document Server

    Omar, Farheen; Truszkowski, Jakub; Poupart, Pascal; Tung, James; Caine, Allen

    2012-01-01

    Rollating walkers are popular mobility aids used by older adults to improve balance control. There is a need to automatically recognize the activities performed by walker users to better understand activity patterns, mobility issues and the context in which falls are more likely to happen. We design and compare several techniques to recognize walker related activities. A comprehensive evaluation with control subjects and walker users from a retirement community is presented.

  5. N-terminal protein processing: A comparative proteogenomic analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonissone, Stefano; Gupta, Nitin; Romine, Margaret F.; Bradshaw, Ralph A.; Pevzner, Pavel A.

    2013-01-01

    N-Terminal Methionine Excision (NME) is a universally conserved mechanism with the same specificity across all life forms that removes the first Methionine in proteins when the second residue is Gly, Ala, Ser, Cys, Thr, Pro, or Val. In spite of its necessity for proper cell functioning, the functional role of NME remains unclear. In 1988, Arfin and Bradshaw connected NME with the N-end protein degradation rule and postulated that the role of NME is to expose the stabilizing residues with the goal to resist protein degradation. While this explanation (that treats 7 stabilizing residues in the same manner) has become the de facto dogma of NME, comparative proteogenomics analysis of NME tells a different story. We suggest that the primary role of NME is to expose only two (rather than seven) amino acids Ala and Ser for post-translational modifications (e.g., acetylation) rather than to regulate protein degradation. We argue that, contrary to the existing view, NME is not crucially important for proteins with 5 other stabilizing residue at the 2nd positions that are merely bystanders (their function is not affected by NME) that become exposed to NME because their sizes are comparable or smaller than the size of Ala and Ser.

  6. The comparative cost-efficacy analysis of various antihypertensive therapies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Malchikova

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To perform the comparative cost-efficacy analysis of various antihypertensive therapies in hypertensives patients.Material and methods. 140 hypertensive patients with history of ineffective antihypertensive therapy were randomized in to 4 groups, 35 patients in each one. Patients of Group A received indapamide retard plus perindopril; group B - indapamide retard plus amlodipine; group C - amlodipine plus lisinopril; group D - amlodipine plus bisoprolol. The Russian version of general questionnaire MOS-SF-36 was applied for quality of a life estimated. Endothelium function was evaluated with B-mode ultrasonography (Acuson 128 ??/10.Albuminuria level was detected by immunoturbometric method (Integra-700, Roche.Results. The drug combination B had the least cost. The drug combination C was the most effective. The drug combination C was the most economically rational. The drug combination A was the least economically rational for BP reduction. However the drug combination A was comparable with drug combination C in effects on quality of life and on endothelium function, and it was the most economically rational for albuminuria reduction.Conclusion. Indapamide retard plus perindopril combination is the most economically rational in patients with target-organ lesions (nephropathy. Lisinopril plus amlodipine combination is economically rational in patients without target-organ lesions.

  7. Juvenile spondylolysis: a comparative analysis of CT, SPECT and MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate whether MRI correlates with CT and SPECT imaging for the diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis, and to determine whether MRI can be used as an exclusive image modality. Juveniles and young adults with a history of extension low back pain were evaluated by MRI, CT and SPECT imaging. All images were reviewed blindly. Correlative analyses included CT vs MRI for morphological grading and SPECT vs MRI for functional grading. Finally, an overall grading system compared MRI vs CT and SPECT combined. Statistical analysis was performed using the kappa statistic. Seventy-two patients (mean age 16 years) were recruited. Forty pars defects were identified in 22 patients (31%), of which 25 were chronic non-union, five acute complete defects and ten acute incomplete fractures. Kappa scores demonstrated a high level of agreement for all comparative analyses. MRI vs SPECT (kappa: 0.794), MRI vs CT (kappa: 0.829) and MRI vs CT/SPECT (kappa: 0.786). The main causes of discrepancy were between MRI and SPECT for the diagnosis of stress reaction in the absence of overt fracture, and distinguishing incomplete fractures from intact pars or complete defects. MRI can be used as an effective and reliable first-line image modality for diagnosis of juvenile spondylolysis. However, localised CT is recommended as a supplementary examination in selected cases as a baseline for assessment of healing and for evaluation of indeterminate cases. (orig.))

  8. Comparative methods for the analysis of continuous variables: geometric interpretations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohlf, F J

    2001-11-11

    This study is concerned with statistical methods used for the analysis of comparative data (in which observations are not expected to be independent because they are sampled across phylogenetically related species). The phylogenetically independent contrasts (PIC), phylogenetic generalized least-squares (PGLS), and phylogenetic autocorrelation (PA) methods are compared. Although the independent contrasts are not orthogonal, they are independent if the data conform to the Brownian motion model of evolution on which they are based. It is shown that uncentered correlations and regressions through the origin using the PIC method are identical to those obtained using PGLS with an intercept included in the model. The PIC method is a special case of PGLS. Corrected standard errors are given for estimates of the ancestral states based on the PGLS approach. The treatment of trees with hard polytomies is discussed and is shown to be an algorithmic rather than a statistical problem. Some of the relationships among the methods are shown graphically using the multivariate space in which variables are represented as vectors with respect to OTUs used as coordinate axes. The maximum-likelihood estimate of the autoregressive parameter, p, has not been computed correctly in previous studies (an appendix with MATLAB code provides a corrected algorithm). The importance of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the connection matrix, W, for the distribution of p is discussed. The PA method is shown to have several problems that limit its usefulness in comparative studies. Although the PA method is a generalized least-squares procedure, it cannot be made equivalent to the PGLS method using a phylogenetic model. PMID:11794776

  9. Comparative Analysis and Performance Evaluation of MANET Routing Protocols?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Amit D. Chavan?

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available (MANETs is a kind of distribution network system such as the internet World Wide Web social network and in MANET node are mobile and have the freedom to join or leave the network system . A simulation have carried out to evaluate the efficient of event MANET routing protocols (DSR, AODV, DSDV, TORA, FSR, CBRP and CGSR [9]. In this paper we have sure comparative performance analysis of different routing protocol. The number of node increasing random way point mobility and scenario where the node for detail simulation result and analysis a stable routing protocol can be close for specification. MANET network is a collection of mobile nodes that are dynamically and arbitrarily located in such a manner that the interconnections between nodes are capable of changing on a continual basis. In order to facilitate communication within the network, a routing protocol is used to discover routes between nodes. The primary goal of such an ad hoc network routing protocol is correct and efficient route establishment between a pair of nodes so that messages may be delivered in a timely manner

  10. A method for hierarchical comparative analysis of crystal structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blatov, Vladislav A

    2006-09-01

    A geometrical-topological description of crystal structure as a three-dimensional graph with coloured nodes, weighted and coloured edges is used to generate a hierarchical sequence of the structure representations. The solid angles of Voronoi-Dirichlet polyhedra of atoms are used as the edge weights and the nodes and edges are coloured according to chemical reasons. Two operations are defined to derive the representations: contracting an atom to other atoms keeping the local connectivity, and removing an atom together with all its bonds. The atoms of the crystal structure are called origin, removed, contracted or target according to their roles in the operations. Each structure representation is described as a labelled quotient graph and determined by (i) colours of the graph nodes and edges, (ii) some level for edge weights, and (iii) an arrangement of atoms according to their roles. The computer enumeration and topological comparative analysis of all representations for crystal structures of any composition and complexity are implemented into the TOPOS program package. The advantages of the method are shown by the analysis of typical inorganic compounds and a molecular packing. PMID:16926484

  11. Comparing cardiovascular factors in opium abusers and non-users candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghadavoudi, Omid; Eizadi-Mood, Nastaran; Najarzadegan, Mohammad Reza

    2015-01-01

    Background: In some opinions, opium consumption has traditionally been considered to be a means to lower blood lipids and to put off heart diseases. In this study, the relationship between opium consumption and risk factors of coronary artery diseases, hemodynamic factors and cardiac related functions before and after surgery was evaluated. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study 325 patient's candidate for elective coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled in a period of 6 months. Opium addicted patients were recognized based on taking history from the patients by an anaesthesiologist. Serum lipid profile was determined at the beginning of the study. Frequency and distribution of coronary artery diseases were assessed according to the pre-operative coronary angiography. Results: From 325 patients, 117 patients were opium abusers and 208 patients were not. Mean duration of opium abuse was 12.6 ± 7.7 years. Mean total serum cholesterol levels were not significantly different in abusers and non-users patients (185 ± 47 vs. 190 ± 49, P > 0.05). Mean level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly higher in addicted group (121 ± 27 vs. 81 ± 22, P < 0.05). Mean triglyceride level was also higher in addicted patients (203 ± 114 vs. 162 ± 98, P < 0.05). The prevalence of diabetes and glucose levels was considerably lower in opium addicted cases. Mean body mass index was also lower in addicted patients significantly (25.3 ± 3.7 vs. 27.5 ± 4.1, P < 0.05). Conclusion: There may be a relationship between opium abuse and aggravating lipid profile and hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease. PMID:25625118

  12. Prediction of Financial Distress for Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Manel Hamdi

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a prognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied to improve banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis of a company not included i...

  13. Spatial analysis of HIV positive injection drug users in San Francisco, 1987 to 2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Alexis N; Mobley, Lee R; Lorvick, Jennifer; Novak, Scott P; Lopez, Andrea; Kral, Alex H

    2014-04-01

    Spatial analyses of HIV/AIDS related outcomes are growing in popularity as a tool to understand geographic changes in the epidemic and inform the effectiveness of community-based prevention and treatment programs. The Urban Health Study was a serial, cross-sectional epidemiological study of injection drug users (IDUs) in San Francisco between 1987 and 2005 (N = 29,914). HIV testing was conducted for every participant. Participant residence was geocoded to the level of the United States Census tract for every observation in dataset. Local indicator of spatial autocorrelation (LISA) tests were used to identify univariate and bivariate Census tract clusters of HIV positive IDUs in two time periods. We further compared three tract level characteristics (% poverty, % African Americans, and % unemployment) across areas of clustered and non-clustered tracts. We identified significant spatial clustering of high numbers of HIV positive IDUs in the early period (1987-1995) and late period (1996-2005). We found significant bivariate clusters of Census tracts where HIV positive IDUs and tract level poverty were above average compared to the surrounding areas. Our data suggest that poverty, rather than race, was an important neighborhood characteristic associated with the spatial distribution of HIV in SF and its spatial diffusion over time. PMID:24722543

  14. HOW CAN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ATTRACT USERS FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES? A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THAILAND AND JAPAN

    OpenAIRE

    Tetsuro Kobayashi; Hitoshi Okada; Nagul Cooharojananone; Vanessa Bracamonte; Takahisa Suzuki

    2013-01-01

    A comparative study of Thailand and Japan investigated how electronic commerce (EC) in developing countries can be used to attract customers from developed countries. Thai and Japanese participants were shown language-appropriate versions of a hotel booking website in Thailand. Perceptions of and trust in the website were assessed, as was the willingness to book a room in the hotel using the website. The Thai participants tended to evaluate the quality of the website more highly and to trust ...

  15. Vertical Guidance Performance Analysis of the L1-L5 Dual-Frequency GPS/WAAS User Avionics Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shau-Shiun Jan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS/wide area augmentation system (WAAS user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP confidence (?air. The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Simulation Tool (MAAST to determine the required values for the ?air, so that an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor can meet the vertical guidance requirements of APproach with Vertical guidance (APV II and CATegory (CAT I over conterminous United States (CONUS. A modified MAAST that includes the Galileo satellite constellation is used to determine under what user configurations WAAS could be an APV II system or a CAT I system over CONUS. Furthermore, this paper examines the combinations of possible improvements in signal models and the addition of Galileo to determine if GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor could achieve 10 m Vertical Alert Limit (VAL within the service volume. Finally, this paper presents the future vertical guidance performance of GPS user avionics sensor for the United States’ WAAS, Japanese MTSAT-based satellite augmentation system (MSAS and European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS.

  16. Vertical Guidance Performance Analysis of the L1–L5 Dual-Frequency GPS/WAAS User Avionics Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jan, Shau-Shiun

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS)/wide area augmentation system (WAAS) user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP) confidence (?air). The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1–L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Simulation Tool (MAAST) to determine the required values for the ?air, so that an L1–L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor can meet the vertical guidance requirements of APproach with Vertical guidance (APV) II and CATegory (CAT) I over conterminous United States (CONUS). A modified MAAST that includes the Galileo satellite constellation is used to determine under what user configurations WAAS could be an APV II system or a CAT I system over CONUS. Furthermore, this paper examines the combinations of possible improvements in signal models and the addition of Galileo to determine if GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor could achieve 10 m Vertical Alert Limit (VAL) within the service volume. Finally, this paper presents the future vertical guidance performance of GPS user avionics sensor for the United States’ WAAS, Japanese MTSAT-based satellite augmentation system (MSAS) and European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS). PMID:22319263

  17. Vertical guidance performance analysis of the L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jan, Shau-Shiun

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the potential vertical guidance performance of global positioning system (GPS)/wide area augmentation system (WAAS) user avionics sensor when the modernized GPS and Galileo are available. This paper will first investigate the airborne receiver code noise and multipath (CNMP) confidence (?air). The ?air will be the dominant factor in the availability analysis of an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor. This paper uses the MATLAB Algorithm Availability Simulation Tool (MAAST) to determine the required values for the ?air, so that an L1-L5 dual-frequency GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor can meet the vertical guidance requirements of APproach with Vertical guidance (APV) II and CATegory (CAT) I over conterminous United States (CONUS). A modified MAAST that includes the Galileo satellite constellation is used to determine under what user configurations WAAS could be an APV II system or a CAT I system over CONUS. Furthermore, this paper examines the combinations of possible improvements in signal models and the addition of Galileo to determine if GPS/WAAS user avionics sensor could achieve 10 m Vertical Alert Limit (VAL) within the service volume. Finally, this paper presents the future vertical guidance performance of GPS user avionics sensor for the United States' WAAS, Japanese MTSAT-based satellite augmentation system (MSAS) and European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS). PMID:22319263

  18. Comparative Analysis Of Fuzzy Clustering Algorithms In Data Mining

    OpenAIRE

    Binsy Thomas, Madhu Nashipudimath

    2012-01-01

    Data clustering acts as an intelligent tool, a method that allows the user to handle large volumes of data effectively. The basic function of clustering is to transform data of any origin into a more compact form, one that represents accurately the original data. Clustering algorithms are used to analyze these large collection of data by means of subdividing them into groups of similar data. Fuzzy clustering extends the crisp clustering technique in such a way that instead of an object belong...

  19. Comparative Analysis of Various Authentication Techniques in Cloud Computing

    OpenAIRE

    SHABNAM SHARMA; USHA MITTAL

    2013-01-01

    Over the recent years, there is a great advancement in the field of Computer Science. Cloud Computing is the result of advancement in the existing technologies. It shares the characteristics with Autonomic Computing, Client-Server Model, Grid Computing, Mainframe Computer, Utility Computing, Peer-to-Peer and Cloud Gaming. Cloud Computing is beneficial not only for users but also for large and small organizations. Security issues are the major concern in Cloud Computing. In this paper, our foc...

  20. Comparative analysis of existing models for power-grid synchronization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, Takashi; Motter, Adilson E.

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of power-grid networks is becoming an increasingly active area of research within the physics and network science communities. The results from such studies are typically insightful and illustrative, but are often based on simplifying assumptions that can be either difficult to assess or not fully justified for realistic applications. Here we perform a comprehensive comparative analysis of three leading models recently used to study synchronization dynamics in power-grid networks—a fundamental problem of practical significance given that frequency synchronization of all power generators in the same interconnection is a necessary condition for a power grid to operate. We show that each of these models can be derived from first principles within a common framework based on the classical model of a generator, thereby clarifying all assumptions involved. This framework allows us to view power grids as complex networks of coupled second-order phase oscillators with both forcing and damping terms. Using simple illustrative examples, test systems, and real power-grid datasets, we study the inherent frequencies of the oscillators as well as their coupling structure, comparing across the different models. We demonstrate, in particular, that if the network structure is not homogeneous, generators with identical parameters need to be modeled as non-identical oscillators in general. We also discuss an approach to estimate the required (dynamical) system parameters that are unavailable in typical power-grid datasets, their use for computing the constants of each of the three models, and an open-source MATLAB toolbox that we provide for these computations.

  1. Comparing Sustainable Forest Management Certifications Standards: A Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joelyn Sarrah. Kozar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available To solve problems caused by conventional forest management, forest certification has emerged as a driver of sustainable forest management. Several sustainable forest management certification systems exist, including the Forest Stewardship Council and those endorsed by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification, such as the Canadian Standards Association - Sustainable Forestry Management Standard CAN/CSA - Z809 and Sustainable Forestry Initiative. For consumers to use certified products to meet their own sustainability goals, they must have an understanding of the effectiveness of different certification systems. To understand the relative performance of three systems, we determined: (1 the criteria used to compare the Forest Stewardship Council, Canadian Standards Association - Sustainable Forestry Management, and Sustainable Forestry Initiative, (2 if consensus exists regarding their ability to achieve sustainability goals, and (3 what research gaps must be filled to improve our understanding of how forest certification systems affect sustainable forest management. We conducted a qualitative meta-analysis of 26 grey literature references (books, industry and nongovernmental organization publications and 9 primary literature references (articles in peer-reviewed academic journals that compared at least two of the aforementioned certification systems. The Forest Stewardship Council was the highest performer for ecological health and social sustainable forest management criteria. The Canadian Standards Association - Sustainable Forestry Management and Sustainable Forestry Initiative performed best under sustainable forest management criteria of forest productivity and economic longevity of a firm. Sixty-two percent of analyses were comparisons of the wording of certification system principles or criteria; 34% were surveys of foresters or consumers. An important caveat to these results is that only one comparison was based on empirically collected field data. We recommend that future studies collect ecological and socioeconomic data from forests so purchasers can select certified forest products based on empirical evidence.

  2. Placing the public library – a comparative analysis of political perceptions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evjen, Sunniva

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores politicians’ perceptions of the public library and public library development. While many call for a redefined vision for public libraries, eye-catching libraries are built in major cities around the world. What library visions are expressed through such projects? I attempt to discern how local politicians view the role of the public library, and how do they want to develop it in their local context, using concepts from institutional theory in the analysis. The research questions include issues concerning norms politicians connect with public libraries compared with those expressed by the professional field, library legitimization, as well as plans and visions for the future library. I have addressed these questions through a comparative case study done in three cities; Oslo, Aarhus, and Birmingham, and taken a qualitative approach, using interviews with local politicians and document analysis of local and national policy documents. One important premise for this study has been to find cases where there are on-going developments; in the shape of main library construction. The findings show that politicians have extensive knowledge about the norms and values found on the professional library field. They share much of the same views regarding library roles and missions, as well as core values such as equal access to knowledge and culture – expressed for instance through a free service. When the informants legitimize public libraries in general, they primarily connect them with citizens’ democratic rights and the country’s democratic practice. Legitimizing the local projects is done using a slightly different argumentation: These are connected to city development and a desire to make visible the city’s knowledge and culture profile. The perceptions expressed through this study show that the local politicians through their work with library issues – and the projects in particular – have acquired knowledge about and understanding of the public library institution. There are shared perceptions in the three cases, however the biggest difference is found in the extent to which the library service is subjected to political planning – both locally and nationally. I find it likely that a stronger degree of formal vii institutionalisation will render the public library service more resilient when faced with external pressure, in the form of technological or economic challenges.

  3. A Comparative Study of Kernel and Robust Canonical Correlation Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashad M. Alam

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available A number of measures of canonical correlation coefficient are now used in multimedia related fields like object recognition, image segmentation facial expression recognition and pattern recognition in the different literature. Some robust forms of classical canonical correlation coefficient are introduced recently to address the robustness issue of the canonical coefficient in the presence of outliers and departure from normality. Also a few number of kernels are used in canonical analysis to capture nonlinear relationship in data space, which is linear in some higher dimensional feature space. But not much work has been done to investigate their relative performances through i simulation from the view point of sensitivity, breakdown analysis as well as ii using real data sets. In this paper an attempt has been made to compare performances of kernel canonical correlation coefficients (Gaussian function, Laplacian function and Polynomial function with that of robust and classical canonical correlation coefficient measures using simulation with five sample sizes (50, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000, influence function, breakdown point along with several real data and a multi-modal data sets, focusing on the specific case of segmented images with associated text. We investigate the bias, mean square error(MISE, qualitative robustness index (RI, sensitivity curve of each estimator under a variety of situations and also employ box plots and scatter plots of canonical variates to judge their performances. We have observed that the class of kernel estimators perform better than the class of classical and robust estimators in general and the kernel estimator with Laplacian function has shown the best performance for large sample size and break down is high in case of nonlinear data.

  4. Comparative analysis of discrete exosome fractions obtained by differential centrifugation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Dennis KjØlhede; Hvam, Michael L

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cells release a mixture of extracellular vesicles, amongst these exosomes, that differ in size, density and composition. The standard isolation method for exosomes is centrifugation of fluid samples, typically at 100,000×g or above. Knowledge of the effect of discrete ultracentrifugation speeds on the purification from different cell types, however, is limited. METHODS: We examined the effect of applying differential centrifugation g-forces ranging from 33,000×g to 200,000×g on exosome yield and purity, using 2 unrelated human cell lines, embryonic kidney HEK293 cells and bladder carcinoma FL3 cells. The fractions were evaluated by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), total protein quantification and immunoblotting for CD81, TSG101, syntenin, VDAC1 and calreticulin. RESULTS: NTA revealed the lowest background particle count in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium media devoid of phenol red and cleared by 200,000×g overnight centrifugation. The centrifugation tube fill level impacted the sedimentation efficacy. Comparative analysis by NTA, protein quantification, and detection of exosomal and contamination markers identified differences in vesicle size, concentration and composition of the obtained fractions. In addition, HEK293 and FL3 vesicles displayed marked differences in sedimentation characteristics. Exosomes were pelleted already at 33,000×g, a g-force which also removed most contaminating microsomes. Optimal vesicle-to-protein yield was obtained at 67,000×g for HEK293 cells but 100,000×g for FL3 cells. Relative expression of exosomal markers (TSG101, CD81, syntenin) suggested presence of exosome subpopulations with variable sedimentation characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Specific g-force/k factor usage during differential centrifugation greatly influences the purity and yield of exosomes. The vesicle sedimentation profile differed between the 2 cell lines.

  5. Comparative analysis of different methods for graphene nanoribbon synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toši? Dragana D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs are thin strips of graphene that have captured the interest of scientists due to their unique structure and promising applications in electronics. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis of morphological properties of graphene nanoribbons synthesized by different methods. Various methods have been reported for graphene nanoribons synthesis. Lithography methods usually include electron-beam (e-beam lithography, atomic force microscopy (AFM lithography, and scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM lithography. Sonochemical and chemical methods exist as well, namely chemical vapour deposition (CVD and anisotropic etching. Graphene nanoribbons can also be fabricated from unzipping carbon nanotubes (CNTs. We propose a new highly efficient method for graphene nanoribbons production by gamma irradiation of graphene dispersed in cyclopentanone (CPO. Surface morphology of graphene nanoribbons was visualized with atomic force and transmission electron microscopy. It was determined that dimensions of graphene nanoribbons are inversely proportional to applied gamma irradiation dose. It was established that the narrowest nanoribbons were 10-20 nm wide and 1 nm high with regular and smooth edges. In comparison to other synthesis methods, dimensions of graphene nanoribbons synthesized by gamma irradiation are slightly larger, but the yield of nanoribbons is much higher. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used for structural analysis of graphene nanoribbons. Results of photoluminescence spectroscopy revealed for the first time that synthesized nanoribbons showed photoluminescence in the blue region of visible light in contrast to graphene nanoribbons synthesized by other methods. Based on disclosed facts, we believe that our synthesis method has good prospects for potential future mass production of graphene nanoribbons with uniform size, as well as for future investigations of carbon nanomaterials for applications in optoelectronics and biological labeling.

  6. Comparative analysis of discrete exosome fractions obtained by differential centrifugation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis K. Jeppesen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cells release a mixture of extracellular vesicles, amongst these exosomes, that differ in size, density and composition. The standard isolation method for exosomes is centrifugation of fluid samples, typically at 100,000×g or above. Knowledge of the effect of discrete ultracentrifugation speeds on the purification from different cell types, however, is limited. Methods: We examined the effect of applying differential centrifugation g-forces ranging from 33,000×g to 200,000×g on exosome yield and purity, using 2 unrelated human cell lines, embryonic kidney HEK293 cells and bladder carcinoma FL3 cells. The fractions were evaluated by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA, total protein quantification and immunoblotting for CD81, TSG101, syntenin, VDAC1 and calreticulin. Results: NTA revealed the lowest background particle count in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium media devoid of phenol red and cleared by 200,000×g overnight centrifugation. The centrifugation tube fill level impacted the sedimentation efficacy. Comparative analysis by NTA, protein quantification, and detection of exosomal and contamination markers identified differences in vesicle size, concentration and composition of the obtained fractions. In addition, HEK293 and FL3 vesicles displayed marked differences in sedimentation characteristics. Exosomes were pelleted already at 33,000×g, a g-force which also removed most contaminating microsomes. Optimal vesicle-to-protein yield was obtained at 67,000×g for HEK293 cells but 100,000×g for FL3 cells. Relative expression of exosomal markers (TSG101, CD81, syntenin suggested presence of exosome subpopulations with variable sedimentation characteristics. Conclusions: Specific g-force/k factor usage during differential centrifugation greatly influences the purity and yield of exosomes. The vesicle sedimentation profile differed between the 2 cell lines.

  7. Comparative and retrospective molecular analysis of Parapoxvirus (PPV) isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friederichs, Schirin; Krebs, Stefan; Blum, Helmut; Wolf, Eckhard; Lang, Heike; von Buttlar, Heiner; Büttner, Mathias

    2014-03-01

    Species members of the genus Parapoxvirus (PPV) within the family Poxviridae cause contagious pustular dermatitis in small ruminants (Orf virus, ORFV) and mostly mild localized inflammation in cattle (bovine papular stomatitis virus, BPSV and pseudocowpox virus, PCPV). All PPVs are known to be zoonotic, leading to circumscribed skin lesions in humans, historically known as milker's nodules. Human PPV isolates are often ill defined concerning their allocation to an animal origin. Here we present a comparative molecular analysis of a unique collection of 21 historic and recent human and animal PPV cell culture isolates (and two PPV DNA samples). Cell culture PPV propagation was restricted to primary ruminant fibroblasts and was strictly kept at low passages to avoid genomic changes by in vitro influences. For molecular arrangement of the isolate DNAs and their attribution to established PPV species DNA fragments of the PPVs were generated by two different discriminating PCR protocols, targeting the major part of the open reading frame (ORF) 011 (B2L gene) and the complete ORF 032. Multiple sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis of both genes resulted in affiliation to the known PPV species. The sequences from the ORF 032 allowed discrimination of the isolate DNAs at a higher resolution. Human PPV isolates could be clearly assigned to the PPV species belonging to the reported or assumed animal host of transmission. For the first time, a whole PPV genome sequence comparison of a human biopsy derived virus (B029) and its ovine counterpart (B015) originating from a defined Orf outbreak in Germany is provided, revealing their well conserved relationship. Thus human PPVs can be molecularly retraced to the PPV species indicating the animal of transmission. After transmission to the human host, molecular conservation of the animal's virus peculiarities indicative for a PPV species became evident. PMID:24373950

  8. User-based and Cognitive Approaches to Knowledge Organization : A Theoretical Analysis of the Research Literature.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    HjØrland, Birger

    2013-01-01

    In the 1970s and 1980s, forms of user-based and cognitive approaches to knowledge organization came to the forefront as part of the overall development in library and information science and in the broader society. The specific nature of userbased approaches is their basis in the empirical studies of users or the principle that users need to be involved in the construction of knowledge organization systems. It might seem obvious that user-friendly systems should be designed on user studies or user involvement, but extremely successful systems such as Apple’s iPhone, Dialog’s search system and Google’s PageRank are not based on the empirical studies of users. In knowledge organization, the Book House System is one example of a system based on user studies. In cognitive science the important WordNet database is claimed to be based on psychological research. This article considers such examples. The role of the user is often confused with the role of subjectivity. Knowledge organization systems cannot be objective and must therefore, by implication, be based on some kind of subjectivity. This subjectivity should, however, be derived from collective views in discourse communities rather than be derived from studies of individuals or from the study of abstract minds.

  9. Prediction of Financial Distress for Tunisian Firms: A Comparative Study Between Financial Analysis and Neuronal Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manel Hamdi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a prognosis of financial distress of Tunisian firms. For the purpose, we empirically compared the financial analysis to artificial neural network analysis. Five multilayer perceptron are applied to improve banking-decision. Based on the results of correct classification rate, artificial neural network proved an intact predictive ability. As well, the findings of generalization test confirmed the conclusion of the classical financial analysis of a company not included in our base sample. The artificial neural network can effectively automate the granting credit decision then performed better than traditional financial analysis.

  10. User-Librarian Negotiations and Information Search Procedures in Public Libraries: Analysis of Verbal Protocols. Final Research Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingwersen, Peter; Kaae, Soren

    This study of negotiation processes between users and librarians in typical reference situations describes association patterns and search procedures in the information transfer process in terms of theoretical approaches, design, analysis, and findings. The thinking-aloud technique of cognitive psychology was adopted to the project, which involved…

  11. Comparative analysis of graphite oxidation behaviour based on microstructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badenhorst, Heinrich; Focke, Walter

    2013-11-01

    Two unidentified powdered graphite samples, from a natural and a synthetic origin respectively, were examined. These materials are intended for use in nuclear applications, but have an unknown treatment history since they are considered proprietary. In order to establish a baseline for comparison, the samples were compared to two commercial flake natural graphite samples with varying impurity levels. The samples were characterized by conventional techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. The results indicated that all four samples were very similar, with low impurity levels and good crystallinity, yet they exhibit remarkably different oxidation behaviours. The oxidized microstructures of the materials were examined using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy at low acceleration voltages. The relative influence of each factor affecting the oxidation was established, enabling a structured comparison of the different oxidative behaviours. Based on this analysis, it was possible to account for the measured differences in oxidative reactivity. The material with the lowest reactivity was a flake natural graphite which was characterized as having highly visible crystalline perfection, large particles with a high aspect ratio and no traces of catalytic activity. The second sample, which had an identical inherent microstructure, was found to have an increased reactivity due to the presence of small catalytic impurities. This material also exhibited a more gradual reduction in the oxidation rate at higher conversion, caused by the accumulation of particles which impede the oxidation. The sample with the highest reactivity was found to be a milled, natural graphite material, despite its evident crystallinity. The increased reactivity was attributable to a smaller particle size, the presence of catalytic impurities and extensive damage to the particle structure caused by jet milling. Despite displaying the lowest levels of crystalline perfection, the synthetic graphite had an intermediate reactivity, comparable to that of the highly crystalline but contaminated sample. The absence of catalytic impurities and the needle coke-derived particle structure were found to account for this behaviour. This work illustrates that the single most important factor when comparing unknown graphite materials from different origins is an assessment of the oxidized microstructure. This approach has the added benefit of identifying further potential processing steps and limitations for material customization.

  12. Comparative analysis of graphite oxidation behaviour based on microstructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Badenhorst, Heinrich, E-mail: heinrich.badenhorst@up.ac.za; Focke, Walter

    2013-11-15

    Two unidentified powdered graphite samples, from a natural and a synthetic origin respectively, were examined. These materials are intended for use in nuclear applications, but have an unknown treatment history since they are considered proprietary. In order to establish a baseline for comparison, the samples were compared to two commercial flake natural graphite samples with varying impurity levels. The samples were characterized by conventional techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. The results indicated that all four samples were very similar, with low impurity levels and good crystallinity, yet they exhibit remarkably different oxidation behaviours. The oxidized microstructures of the materials were examined using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy at low acceleration voltages. The relative influence of each factor affecting the oxidation was established, enabling a structured comparison of the different oxidative behaviours. Based on this analysis, it was possible to account for the measured differences in oxidative reactivity. The material with the lowest reactivity was a flake natural graphite which was characterized as having highly visible crystalline perfection, large particles with a high aspect ratio and no traces of catalytic activity. The second sample, which had an identical inherent microstructure, was found to have an increased reactivity due to the presence of small catalytic impurities. This material also exhibited a more gradual reduction in the oxidation rate at higher conversion, caused by the accumulation of particles which impede the oxidation. The sample with the highest reactivity was found to be a milled, natural graphite material, despite its evident crystallinity. The increased reactivity was attributable to a smaller particle size, the presence of catalytic impurities and extensive damage to the particle structure caused by jet milling. Despite displaying the lowest levels of crystalline perfection, the synthetic graphite had an intermediate reactivity, comparable to that of the highly crystalline but contaminated sample. The absence of catalytic impurities and the needle coke-derived particle structure were found to account for this behaviour. This work illustrates that the single most important factor when comparing unknown graphite materials from different origins is an assessment of the oxidized microstructure. This approach has the added benefit of identifying further potential processing steps and limitations for material customization.

  13. TADS--A CFD-Based Turbomachinery Analysis and Design System with GUI: User's Manual. 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koiro, M. J.; Myers, R. A.; Delaney, R. A.

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was the development of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based turbomachinery airfoil analysis and design system, controlled by a Graphical User Interface (GUI). The computer codes resulting from this effort are referred to as TADS (Turbomachinery Analysis and Design System). This document is intended to serve as a User's Manual for the computer programs which comprise the TADS system, developed under Task 18 of NASA Contract NAS3-27350, ADPAC System Coupling to Blade Analysis & Design System GUI and Task 10 of NASA Contract NAS3-27394, ADPAC System Coupling to Blade Analysis & Design System GUI, Phase II-Loss, Design and, Multi-stage Analysis. TADS couples a throughflow solver (ADPAC) with a quasi-3D blade-to-blade solver (RVCQ3D) in an interactive package. Throughflow analysis and design capability was developed in ADPAC through the addition of blade force and blockage terms to the governing equations. A GUI was developed to simplify user input and automate the many tasks required to perform turbomachinery analysis and design. The coupling of the various programs was done in such a way that alternative solvers or grid generators could be easily incorporated into the TADS framework. Results of aerodynamic calculations using the TADS system are presented for a highly loaded fan, a compressor stator, a low speed turbine blade and a transonic turbine vane.

  14. ComPath: comparative enzyme analysis and annotation in pathway/subsystem contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Sun

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Once a new genome is sequenced, one of the important questions is to determine the presence and absence of biological pathways. Analysis of biological pathways in a genome is a complicated task since a number of biological entities are involved in pathways and biological pathways in different organisms are not identical. Computational pathway identification and analysis thus involves a number of computational tools and databases and typically done in comparison with pathways in other organisms. This computational requirement is much beyond the capability of biologists, so information systems for reconstructing, annotating, and analyzing biological pathways are much needed. We introduce a new comparative pathway analysis workbench, ComPath, which integrates various resources and computational tools using an interactive spreadsheet-style web interface for reliable pathway analyses. Results ComPath allows users to compare biological pathways in multiple genomes using a spreadsheet style web interface where various sequence-based analysis can be performed either to compare enzymes (e.g. sequence clustering and pathways (e.g. pathway hole identification, to search a genome for de novo prediction of enzymes, or to annotate a genome in comparison with reference genomes of choice. To fill in pathway holes or make de novo enzyme predictions, multiple computational methods such as FASTA, Whole-HMM, CSR-HMM (a method of our own introduced in this paper, and PDB-domain search are integrated in ComPath. Our experiments show that FASTA and CSR-HMM search methods generally outperform Whole-HMM and PDB-domain search methods in terms of sensitivity, but FASTA search performs poorly in terms of specificity, detecting more false positive as E-value cutoff increases. Overall, CSR-HMM search method performs best in terms of both sensitivity and specificity. Gene neighborhood and pathway neighborhood (global network visualization tools can be used to get context information that is complementary to conventional KEGG map representation. Conclusion ComPath is an interactive workbench for pathway reconstruction, annotation, and analysis where experts can perform various sequence, domain, context analysis, using an intuitive and interactive spreadsheet-style interface.

  15. Comparative tectonic analysis of Black sea and western Mediterranean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : This paper outlines preliminary results of comparative tectonic analysis for two regions of the Alpides belt - Black Sea and western Mediterranean. It is speculated, that these two regions have despite of a number of essential differences, many profound analogies in their geological structure and development so the found similarities can elaborate new prospecting trends for oil and gas exploration in the circum-Black sea basin using geological knowledge on the Western Mediterranean. Such numerous analogies cannot be as an accidental coincidence. They are deeply rooted in common kinematical style reproducing the pretty much same ensemble of tectonic terrains and fault patterns of different scale in remote segments of the Western Tethys as a whole and its Ponto-Caspian segment in particular. Understanding of cohesive evolving of the circum Black area structural constituents and driving forces of its tectonic development represents the longstanding and intriguing geological problem. Over the past two decades, much has been published concerning structural development of the Black Sea region as a consequence of the advent of moderngeodynamical models employing plate tectonic reconstructions and new phases of exploration activity. On the other hand an existence of mutually exclusive scenarios for structural development of the area, timing of its onset and reconciliation of different data raise many questions puzzling the assessment of hydrocarbon charge of its s assessment of hydrocarbon charge of its subbasins and prospecting efforts to determine top-priority trends for petroleum exploration.

  16. Comparative Analysis of German and Anglo-Saxon Business Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamburg Andrea

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Two premises built the starting point for following study: that cultural background, cultural conditioning have a considerable influence upon business area at one hand and at the other hand that nations having common origins are likely to present similar cultural conditioning. The first hypothesis found proving in the works of theoreticians and practitioners like E.T. Hall, Geert Hofstede, Richard Gesteland and others dealing with the problem of people’s “mental programming” called culture and with cultural differences around the world. For the second premise we wanted to analyze three cultures having common Germanic roots namely the German, British (focusing on the English component of it and American cultures through the prism of their concept of time, relation to business, working and communicational style, structure of management, attitude towards hierarchy and interpersonal distance including physical contact. As the results of our comparative analysis showed above mentioned business cultures had very much in common regarding attitude to time, business and interpersonal distance but in the other segments they presented considerable differences as well. Taking all aspects into consideration the similarities deriving from their common Germanic origin offer the three cultures in question some advantages in business relations but the essential differences they present should be minded, too to avoid failure in deal making.

  17. Comparative Imaging and Analysis of the Auroral Morphology of Ganymede

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Lucia A.

    2015-01-01

    The Jovian satellite Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system, and is the only known non-planetary object with its own magnetosphere. The magnetic field interacts with the magnetospheric plasma of Jupiter to create ultraviolet emissions at the 1356Å wavelength of atomic oxygen. Multiple unmanned missions to and beyond Jupiter are being developed by NASA and ESA, and require knowledge about the conditions they will encounter amongst the satellites and what phenomena should be studied. McGrath et al. (2013) processed and analyzed HST observations of the aurorae from four observing dates spanning 8.5 years. By comparing line-of-sight images and polar projections of the aurorae, McGrath et al. found evidence that the auroral oval on Ganymede is globally quite stable over time despite large localized brightness fluctuations, and is consistent with a magnetohydrodynamic model. Over the summer of 2014, two more recent sets of images were processed and analyzed using the same methods as the earlier work. Additionally, all the data were re-analyzed for comparison by brightness, by image polar projection, by repeating areas of bright emission, and when appropriate, by individual orbits' morphologies. Initial analysis is consistent with previous results of generally steady auroral ovals created by the Jovian magnetospheric plasma, and has revealed curious patterns of repeating areas of bright emission to be further studied.

  18. Comparative Analysis of Serial Decision Tree Classification Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Nwokejizie Anyanwu

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Classification of data objects based on a predefined knowledge of the objects is a data mining and knowledge management technique used in grouping similar data objects together. It can be defined as supervised learning algorithms as it assigns class labels to data objects based on the relationship between the data items with a pre-defined class label. Classification algorithms have a wide range of applications like churn prediction, fraud detection, artificial intelligence, and credit card rating etc. Also there are many classification algorithms available in literature but decision trees is the most commonly used because of its ease of implementation and easier to understand compared to other classification algorithms. Decision Tree classification algorithm can be implemented in a serial or parallel fashion based on the volume of data, memory space available on the computer resource and scalability of the algorithm. In this paper we will review the serial implementations of the decision tree algorithms, identify those that are commonly used. We will also use experimental analysis based on sample data records (Statlog data sets to evaluate the performance of the commonly used serial decision tree algorithms

  19. A comparative analysis of fertility differentials in Ghana and Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olatoregun, Oluwaseun; Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis; Akinyemi, Odunayo Joshua; Yusuf, Oyindamola Bidemi; Bamgboye, Elijah Afolabi

    2014-09-01

    Nigeria and Ghana are the most densely populated countries in the West African sub-region with fertility levels above world average. Our study compared the two countries' fertility levels and their determinants as well as the differentials in the effect of these factors across the two countries. We carried out a retrospective analysis of data from the Nigeria and Ghana Demographic Health Surveys, 2008. The sample of 33,385 and 4,916 women aged 15-49 years obtained in Nigeria and Ghana respectively was stratified into low, medium and high fertility using reported children ever born. Data was summarized using appropriate descriptive statistics. Factors influencing fertility were identified using ordinal logistic regression at 5% significance level. While unemployment significantly lowers fertility in Nigeria, it wasn't significant in Ghana. In both countries, education, age at first marriage, marital status, urban-rural residence, wealth index and use of oral contraception were the main factors influencing high fertility levels. PMID:25508039

  20. Comparative modular analysis of gene expression in vertebrate organs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piasecka Barbara

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The degree of conservation of gene expression between homologous organs largely remains an open question. Several recent studies reported some evidence in favor of such conservation. Most studies compute organs' similarity across all orthologous genes, whereas the expression level of many genes are not informative about organ specificity. Results Here, we use a modularization algorithm to overcome this limitation through the identification of inter-species co-modules of organs and genes. We identify such co-modules using mouse and human microarray expression data. They are functionally coherent both in terms of genes and of organs from both organisms. We show that a large proportion of genes belonging to the same co-module are orthologous between mouse and human. Moreover, their zebrafish orthologs also tend to be expressed in the corresponding homologous organs. Notable exceptions to the general pattern of conservation are the testis and the olfactory bulb. Interestingly, some co-modules consist of single organs, while others combine several functionally related organs. For instance, amygdala, cerebral cortex, hypothalamus and spinal cord form a clearly discernible unit of expression, both in mouse and human. Conclusions Our study provides a new framework for comparative analysis which will be applicable also to other sets of large-scale phenotypic data collected across different species.

  1. [Comparative analysis of seven marine biological source of mineral drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, Wei; A, Ru-na; Li, Shang-rong; Zhang, Jing-Xian; Wu, Wan-ying; Cui, Ya-jun

    2014-09-01

    The marine biological source of mineral drugs recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 version) mainly including pearl, nacre, clam shell, common oyster shell, ark shell, cuttle bone, and sea-ear shell are widely used in clinical. Calcium carbonate and a small amount of protein are the main components in this type of drugs. In this paper, a systematical and comparable study were carried out by determination of calcium carbonate by EDTA titration method, the crystal of calcium carbonate by X-Ray powder diffraction and the total amino acids (TAAs) of the hydrolyzed samples by ultraviolet spectrophotometry method. As a result, the crystal structure is calcite for common oyster shell, mixture of calcite and aragonite for nacre and sea-ear shell, aragonite for the other drugs. The content of calcium carbonate ranged from 86% to 96%. Cuttle bone has the highest amount of TAAs among the seven drugs which reached 1.7% while clam shell has the lowest content of 0.16% on average. In conclusion, an effective method was developed for the quality control of marine mineral drugs by comprehensive analysis of calcium carbonate and TAAs in the seven marine mineral drugs. PMID:25522620

  2. Comparative whole genome analysis of six diagnostic brucellaphages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farlow, Jason; Filippov, Andrey A; Sergueev, Kirill V; Hang, Jun; Kotorashvili, Adam; Nikolich, Mikeljon P

    2014-05-15

    Whole genome sequencing of six diagnostic brucellaphages, Tbilisi (Tb), Firenze (Fz), Weybridge (Wb), S708, Berkeley (Bk) and R/C, was followed with genomic comparisons including recently described genomes of the Tb phage from Mexico (TbM) and Pr phage to elucidate genomic diversity and candidate host range determinants. Comparative whole genome analysis revealed high sequence homogeneity among these brucellaphage genomes and resolved three genetic groups consistent with defined host range phenotypes. Group I was composed of Tb and Fz phages that are predominantly lytic for Brucella abortus and Brucella neotomae; Group II included Bk, R/C, and Pr phages that are lytic mainly for B. abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis; Group III was composed of Wb and S708 phages that are lytic for B. suis, B. abortus and B. neotomae. We found that the putative phage collar protein is a variable locus with features that may be contributing to the host specificities exhibited by different brucellaphage groups. The presence of several candidate host range determinants is illustrated herein for future dissection of the differential host specificity observed among these phages. PMID:24530704

  3. A combined approach for comparative exoproteome analysis of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scrivens James H

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacterial exported proteins represent key components of the host-pathogen interplay. Hence, we sought to implement a combined approach for characterizing the entire exoproteome of the pathogenic bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the etiological agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA in sheep and goats. Results An optimized protocol of three-phase partitioning (TPP was used to obtain the C. pseudotuberculosis exoproteins, and a newly introduced method of data-independent MS acquisition (LC-MSE was employed for protein identification and label-free quantification. Additionally, the recently developed tool SurfG+ was used for in silico prediction of sub-cellular localization of the identified proteins. In total, 93 different extracellular proteins of C. pseudotuberculosis were identified with high confidence by this strategy; 44 proteins were commonly identified in two different strains, isolated from distinct hosts, then composing a core C. pseudotuberculosis exoproteome. Analysis with the SurfG+ tool showed that more than 75% (70/93 of the identified proteins could be predicted as containing signals for active exportation. Moreover, evidence could be found for probable non-classical export of most of the remaining proteins. Conclusions Comparative analyses of the exoproteomes of two C. pseudotuberculosis strains, in addition to comparison with other experimentally determined corynebacterial exoproteomes, were helpful to gain novel insights into the contribution of the exported proteins in the virulence of this bacterium. The results presented here compose the most comprehensive coverage of the exoproteome of a corynebacterial species so far.

  4. Comparative Analysis of Various Condenser in Vapour Compression Refrigeration System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil Deepak P.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present work is to analyze performance of refrigeration system on three condensers viz. micro-channel, round tube and coil tube using R134a and R290 refrigerants. These three condensers are kept in parallel with other components of refrigerating unit while construction.The performance of refrigeration system is checked for each condenser at various cooling loads in the range from 175 W to 288 W.The performance of the condenser is measured for whole refrigeration unit in terms of coefficient of performance, efficiency of the system, heat rejection ratio, heat rejected from condenserand heat transfer coefficient. The experimental data of heat transfer coefficient is validated with existing correlation.The result shows that for both refrigerants R134a and R290, coefficient of performance increases with increase in heating load. From the analysis of three condensers, coefficient of performance of refrigeration system using microchannel condenser is more compared to round tube and coil tube condenser. The coefficient of performance of the system with the microchannel condenser is found 15.3% higher than that with the round tube condenser and 8% higher than that with the coil tube condenser. AlsoR134a gives better cooling effect than the R290 for all operating condition.

  5. Comparative proteomic analysis in Miscanthus sinensis exposed to antimony stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Liang; Ren, Huadong; Li, Sheng; Gao, Ming; Shi, Shengqing; Chang, Ermei; Wei, Yuan; Yao, Xiaohua; Jiang, Zeping; Liu, Jianfeng

    2015-06-01

    To explore the molecular basis of Sb tolerance mechanism in plant, a comparative proteomic analysis of both roots and leaves in Miscanthus sinensis has been conducted in combination with physiological and biochemical analyses. M. sinensis seedlings were exposed to different doses of Sb, and both roots and leaves were collected after 3 days of treatment. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and image analyses found that 29 protein spots showed 1.5-fold change in abundance in leaves and 19 spots in roots, of which 31 were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-TOF-MS. Proteins involved in antioxidant defense and stress response generally increased their expression all over the Sb treatments. In addition, proteins relative to transcription, signal transduction, energy metabolism and cell division and cell structure showed a variable expression pattern over Sb concentrations. Overall these findings provide new insights into the probable survival mechanisms by which M. sinensis could be adapting to Sb phytotoxicity. PMID:25800729

  6. Comparative analysis of PSO algorithms for PID controller tuning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Štimac, Goranka; Braut, Sanjin; Žiguli?, Roberto

    2014-09-01

    The active magnetic bearing(AMB) suspends the rotating shaft and maintains it in levitated position by applying controlled electromagnetic forces on the rotor in radial and axial directions. Although the development of various control methods is rapid, PID control strategy is still the most widely used control strategy in many applications, including AMBs. In order to tune PID controller, a particle swarm optimization(PSO) method is applied. Therefore, a comparative analysis of particle swarm optimization(PSO) algorithms is carried out, where two PSO algorithms, namely (1) PSO with linearly decreasing inertia weight(LDW-PSO), and (2) PSO algorithm with constriction factor approach(CFA-PSO), are independently tested for different PID structures. The computer simulations are carried out with the aim of minimizing the objective function defined as the integral of time multiplied by the absolute value of error(ITAE). In order to validate the performance of the analyzed PSO algorithms, one-axis and two-axis radial rotor/active magnetic bearing systems are examined. The results show that PSO algorithms are effective and easily implemented methods, providing stable convergence and good computational efficiency of different PID structures for the rotor/AMB systems. Moreover, the PSO algorithms prove to be easily used for controller tuning in case of both SISO and MIMO system, which consider the system delay and the interference among the horizontal and vertical rotor axes.

  7. Comparative Analysis of Methods to Denoise CT Scan Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TARANDEEP CHHABRA, GEETIKA DUA, TRIPTI MALHOTRA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Medical images are generally noisy due to the physical mechanisms of the acquisition process. In CT Scan there is a scope to adapt patient image quality and dose. Reduction in radiation dose (i.e the amount of X-rays affects the quality of image and is responsible for image noise in CT. Most of the denoising algorithms assume additive white Gaussian noise but however most medical images may contain non Gaussian noise like poisson noise in CT. This paper contains the comparative analysis of a number of denoising algorithms namely wiener filtering, wavelet decomposition, anisotropic diffusion, anisotropic diffusion in wavelet domain, wave atom decomposition, median filtering and NL-means filtering. Then, some quantitative performance metrics like PSNR, SNR, MSE, S/MSE and MAD are computed. This comparison helps in the assessment of image quality and fidelity. We conclude that the anisotropic diffusion in wavelet domain is the most efficient method in removing poisson noise from CT Scan images.

  8. A Comparative Analysis of Two Land Surface Heterogeneity Representations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Randal D.; Suarez, Max J.

    1992-12-01

    Two contrasting representations of land surface variability used in general circulation models (GCMS) are compared through an analysis of their corresponding surface energy balance equations. In one representation (the `mixture' approach), different vegetation types are assumed to be homogeneously mixed over a grid square, so that the GCM atmosphere sees near-surface conditions pertaining to the mixture only. In the second representation (the `mosaic' approach), different vegetation types are viewed as separate `tiles' of a grid-square `mosaic,' and each tile interacts with the atmosphere independently. The mosaic approach is computationally simpler and in many ways more flexible than the mixture approach.Analytical solutions to the linearized energy balance equations and numerical solutions to the nonlinear equations both demonstrate that the mixture strategy, when applied to two coexisting vegetation types that differ only in canopy transpiration resistance, promotes both total turbulent flux and latent beat flux relative to the mosaic strategy. The effective differences between the strategies, however, are small over a wide range of conditions. In particular, the strategies are effectively equivalent when the transpiration resistances of the different vegetation types are of the saint order of magnitude.

  9. Comparative Analysis of S-Shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIGAR M. PATEL, SHOBHIT K.PATEL, FALGUN N.THAKKAR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An antenna is the most important element of any wireless communication. This paper is highly focused on the multiband application of the Microstrip Patch Antenna. In first phase the S – shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch antenna is simulated and analyzed. Comparative analysis between Common S-shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna, Defected Ground Structure S-shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna using Complementary Split Ring Resonator and S – shaped Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna using Metamaterial is shown in this paper. The proposed antenna is designed for various multiple applications such as Bluetooth, L and S band applications which are used in Medical Application and ISM Application, in the operating range 1-5 GHz. Here S-shaped meandered patch of dimension 50×50 mm2 is analyzed. Design results of VSWR, Return loss S11, Total Gain plot and Total Directivity Plot are shown in this paper. Design results are obtained by a HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator which is used for simulating microwave passive components.

  10. User's Manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) Software: Version 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuffney, Thomas F.

    2003-01-01

    The Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software provides an accurate, consistent, and efficient mechanism for analyzing invertebrate data collected as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and stored in the Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB). The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft (MS) Windows?. It allows users to read data downloaded from Bio-TDB and stored either as MS Excel? or MS Access? files. The program consists of five modules. The Edit Data module allows the user to subset, combine, delete, and summarize community data. The Data Preparation module allows the user to select the type(s) of sample(s) to process, calculate densities, delete taxa based on laboratory processing notes, combine lifestages or keep them separate, select a lowest taxonomic level for analysis, delete rare taxa, and resolve taxonomic ambiguities. The Calculate Community Metrics module allows the user to calculate over 130 community metrics, including metrics based on organism tolerances and functional feeding groups. The Calculate Diversities and Similarities module allows the user to calculate nine diversity and eight similarity indices. The Data export module allows the user to export data to other software packages and produce tables of community data that can be imported into spreadsheet and word-processing programs. Though the IDAS program was developed to process invertebrate data downloaded from USGS databases, it will work with other data sets that are converted to the USGS (Bio-TDB) format. Consequently, the data manipulation, analysis, and export procedures provided by the IDAS program can be used by anyone involved in using benthic macroinvertebrates in applied or basic research.

  11. Analysis of Optimization Techniques to Improve User Response Time of Web Applications and Their Implementation for MOODLE

    OpenAIRE

    Manchanda, Priyanka

    2013-01-01

    Analysis of seven optimization techniques grouped under three categories (hardware, back-end, and front-end) is done to study the reduction in average user response time for Modular Object Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle), a Learning Management System which is scripted in PHP5, runs on Apache web server and utilizes MySQL database software. Before the implementation of these techniques, performance analysis of Moodle is performed for varying number of concurren...

  12. SINGULAB - A Graphical user Interface for the Singularity Analysis of Parallel Robots based on Grassmann-Cayley Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Ben-Horin, Patricia; Caro, Stéphane; Chablat, Damien; Wenger, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents SinguLab, a graphical user interface for the singularity analysis of parallel robots. The algorithm is based on Grassmann-Cayley algebra. The proposed tool is interactive and introduces the designer to the singularity analysis performed by this method, showing all the stages along the procedure and eventually showing the solution algebraically and graphically, allowing as well the singularity verification of different robot poses.

  13. Comparing uncertainty analysis techniques for a SWAT application to the Chaohe Basin in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jing; Reichert, Peter; Abbaspour, K. C.; Xia, Jun; Yang, Hong

    2008-08-01

    SummaryDistributed watershed models are increasingly being used to support decisions about alternative management strategies in the areas of land use change, climate change, water allocation, and pollution control. For this reason it is important that these models pass through a careful calibration and uncertainty analysis. To fulfil this demand, in recent years, scientists have come up with various uncertainty analysis techniques for watershed models. To determine the differences and similarities of these techniques we compared five uncertainty analysis procedures: Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE), Parameter Solution (ParaSol), Sequential Uncertainty FItting algorithm (SUFI-2), and a Bayesian framework implemented using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and Importance Sampling (IS) techniques. As these techniques are different in their philosophies and leave the user some freedom in formulating the generalized likelihood measure, objective function, or likelihood function, a literal comparison between these techniques is not possible. As there is a small spectrum of different applications in hydrology for the first three techniques, we made this choice according to their typical use in hydrology. For Bayesian inference, we used a recently developed likelihood function that does not obviously violate the statistical assumptions, namely a continuous-time autoregressive error model. We implemented all these techniques for the soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) and applied them to the Chaohe Basin in China. We compared the results with respect to the posterior parameter distributions, performances of their best estimates, prediction uncertainty, conceptual bases, computational efficiency, and difficulty of implementation. The comparison results for these categories are listed and the advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. From the point of view of the authors, if computationally feasible, Bayesian-based approaches are most recommendable because of their solid conceptual basis, but construction and test of the likelihood function requires critical attention.

  14. Translators and Interpreters Certification in Australia, Canada, the Us? and Ukraine: Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skyba Kateryna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the certification process by which potential translators and interpreters demonstrate minimum standards of performance to warrant official or professional recognition of their ability to translate or interpret and to practice professionally in Australia, Canada, the USA and Ukraine. The aim of the study is to research and to compare the certification procedures of translators and interpreters in Australia, Canada, the USA and Ukraine; to outline possible avenues of creating a certification system network in Ukraine. It has been revealed that there is great variation in minimum requirements for practice, availability of training facilities and formal bodies that certify practitioners and that monitor and advance specialists’ practices in the countries. Certification can be awarded by governmental or non-governmental organizations or associations of professionals in the field of translation/interpretation. Testing has been acknowledged as the usual avenue for candidates to gain certification. There are less popular grounds to get certification such as: completed training, presentation of previous relevant experience, and/or recommendations from practicing professionals or service-user. The comparative analysis has revealed such elements of the certification procedures and national conventions in the researched countries that may form a basis for Ukrainian translators/interpreters certifying system and make it a part of a cross-national one.

  15. User-Centered Design for Interactive Maps: A Case Study in Crime Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Roth

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we address the topic of user-centered design (UCD for cartography, GIScience, and visual analytics. Interactive maps are ubiquitous in modern society, yet they often fail to “work” as they could or should. UCD describes the process of ensuring interface success—map-based or otherwise—by gathering input and feedback from target users throughout the design and development of the interface. We contribute to the expanding literature on UCD for interactive maps in two ways. First, we synthesize core concepts on UCD from cartography and related fields, as well as offer new ideas, in order to organize existing frameworks and recommendations regarding the UCD of interactive maps. Second, we report on a case study UCD process for GeoVISTA CrimeViz, an interactive and web-based mapping application supporting visual analytics of criminal activity in space and time. The GeoVISTA CrimeViz concept and interface were improved iteratively by working through a series of user?utility?usability loops in which target users provided input and feedback on needs and designs (user, prompting revisions to the conceptualization and functional requirements of the interface (utility, and ultimately leading to new mockups and prototypes of the interface (usability for additional evaluation by target users (user… and so on. Together, the background review and case study offer guidance for applying UCD to interactive mapping projects, and demonstrate the benefit of including target users throughout design and development.

  16. An Empirical Study on User-oriented Association Analysis of Library Classification Schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsiao-Tieh Pu

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Library classification schemes are mostly organized based on disciplines with a hierarchical structure. From the user point of view, some highly related yet non-hierarchical classes may not be easy to perceive in these schemes. This paper is to discover hidden associations between classes by analyzing users’ usage of library collections. The proposed approach employs collaborative filtering techniques to discover associated classes based on the circulation patterns of similar users. Many associated classes scattered across different subject hierarchies could be discovered from the circulation patterns of similar users. The obtained association norms between classes were found to be useful in understanding users' subject preferences for a given class. Classification schemes can, therefore, be made more adaptable to changes of users and the uses of different library collections. There are implications for applications in information organization and retrieval as well. For example, catalogers could refer to the ranked associated classes when they perform multi-classification, and users could also browse the associated classes for related subjects in an enhanced OPAC system. In future research, more empirical studies will be needed to validate the findings, and methods for obtaining user-oriented associations can still be improved.[Article content in Chinese

  17. A Needs-Analysis Survey of Users of an Audio Book Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Users (n=148) of an audio book library were surveyed to collect data for formulating a policy on development of the library's collection. The survey found a broad range of reading interests among users and differences in preferred genres of fiction between men and women. Policy changes made based on survey results are discussed. (Author/PB)

  18. MeV+R: using MeV as a graphical user interface for Bioconductor applications in microarray analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Vu T; Gottardo, Raphael; Raftery, Adrian E; Bumgarner, Roger E; Yeung, Ka Yee

    2008-01-01

    We present MeV+R, an integration of the JAVA MultiExperiment Viewer program with Bioconductor packages. This integration of MultiExperiment Viewer and R is easily extensible to other R packages and provides users with point and click access to traditionally command line driven tools written in R. We demonstrate the ability to use MultiExperiment Viewer as a graphical user interface for Bioconductor applications in microarray data analysis by incorporating three Bioconductor packages, RAMA, BRIDGE and iterativeBMA. PMID:18652698

  19. New Software Product Feature Identification: An Analysis of E-mail User Characteristics and Functional Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofuoglu, Ecehan; Basoglu, Nuri; Daim, Tugrul

    Improving the product development process is becoming more important as business environment gets more competitive. This study aims at understanding and characterizing potential users of a software product through idea sharing of users. It also targets to create a new product concept through understanding the common features users prefer most. During this product conceptualization stage, the customer ideas are captured through use of a questionnaire. The target users, priority of product functions and features are investigated and the details of the existing e-mail systems as well as of the ideal e-mail systems are identified. Some of the key results included users with demographic differences having different usage and requirements characteristics, expectations of females being higher than those of males and the software functions used and characteristics required being different for those with different job categories or educational backgrounds.

  20. HOW CAN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ATTRACT USERS FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES? A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THAILAND AND JAPAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetsuro Kobayashi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study of Thailand and Japan investigated how electronic commerce (EC in developing countries can be used to attract customers from developed countries. Thai and Japanese participants were shown language-appropriate versions of a hotel booking website in Thailand. Perceptions of and trust in the website were assessed, as was the willingness to book a room in the hotel using the website. The Thai participants tended to evaluate the quality of the website more highly and to trust it more than did the Japanese participants. Furthermore, the Thai participants tended to think that the hotel was more responsible for their hotel reservations than was the EC service, and that the content of the website was developed by the hotel rather than by the EC service. Thai participants were more likely to express willingness to reserve a room if they thought that the hotel had developed the website content, whereas the Japanese participants’ willingness to book a room were greater when they thought that the EC service had developed the content. Based on these results, customization strategies for EC in developing countries to attract customers from developed countries are discussed.

  1. SHEAT: a computer code for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SHEAT code developed at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis which is one of the tasks needed for seismic Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) of a nuclear power plant. Seismic hazard is defined as an annual exceedance frequency of occurrence of earthquake ground motions at various levels of intensity at a given site. With the SHEAT code, seismic hazard is calculated by the following two steps: (1) Modeling of earthquake generation around a site. Future earthquake generation (locations, magnitudes and frequencies of postulated earthquakes) is modelled based on the historical earthquake records, active fault data and expert judgement. (2) Calculation of probabilistic seismic hazard at the site. An earthquake ground motion is calculated for each postulated earthquake using an attenuation model taking into account its standard deviation. Then the seismic hazard at the site is calculated by summing the frequencies of ground motions by all the earthquakes. This document is the user's manual of the SHEAT code. It includes: (1) Outlines of the code, which include overall concept, logical process, code structure, data file used and special characteristics of the code, (2) Functions of subprograms and analytical models in them, (3) Guidance of input and output data, and (4) Sample run results. The code has widely been used at JAERI to analyze seismic hazard at various nuclear power plant sites in japan. (author)

  2. Comparative Analysis of Various Authentication Techniques in Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHABNAM SHARMA

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the recent years, there is a great advancement in the field of Computer Science. Cloud Computing is the result of advancement in the existing technologies. It shares the characteristics with Autonomic Computing, Client-Server Model, Grid Computing, Mainframe Computer, Utility Computing, Peer-to-Peer and Cloud Gaming. Cloud Computing is beneficial not only for users but also for large and small organizations. Security issues are the major concern in Cloud Computing. In this paper, our focus is on the authentication techniques used for verifying the client identity to the Cloud Broker.

  3. User centric approach to itemset utility mining in Market Basket Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyothi Pillai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Business intelligence is information about a company's past performance that is used to help predict the company's future performance. It can reveal emerging trends from which the company might profit [31]. Data mining allows users to sift through the enormous amount of information available in data warehouses; it is from this sifting process that business intelligence gems may be found [31]. Within the area of data mining, the problem of deriving associations from data has received a great deal of attention. This problem is referred as “market-basket problem”. Association Rule Mining (ARM, a well-studied technique in the data mining field, identifies frequent itemsets from databases and generates association rules by assuming that all items have the same significance andfrequency of occurrence in a record. However, items are actually different in many aspects in a number of real applications such as retail marketing, nutritional pattern mining, etc [26]. Rare items are less frequent items [32]. For many real world applications, however, utility of rare itemsets based on cost, profit or revenue is of importance. For extracting rare itemsets, the equal frequency based approaches like Apriori approach suffer from “rare item problem dilemma”. Utility mining aims at identifying rare itemsets with high utility. The main objective of Utility Mining is to identify the itemsets with highest utilities, by considering profit, quantity, costor other user preferences [40]. Also valuable patterns cannot be discovered by traditional non-temporal data mining approaches that treat all the data as one large segment, with no attention paid to utilizing the time information of transactions. Now, as increasingly complex real-world problems are addressed, temporal rare itemset utility problem, are taking center stage. In many real-life applications, high-utility itemsets consist of rare items. Rare itemsets provide useful information in different decision-making domains such as business transactions, medical, security, fraudulenttransactions, and retail communities. For example, in a supermarket, customers purchase microwave ovens or frying pans rarely as compared to bread, washing powder, soap. But the former transactions yield more profit for the supermarket. A retail business may be interested in identifying its most valuable customers i.e. who contribute a major fraction of overall company profit [40]. In this paper, these problems of analyzing market-basket data are considered and important contributions are presented. It is assumed that the utilities of itemsets may differ and determine the high utility itemsets based onboth internal (transaction and external utilities.

  4. Comparative analysis of duplicated sox21 genes in zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Xianjiang; Wen, Lu; Li, Kui; Liu, Xiaojun; Luo, Benping; Chen, Feng; Xie, Dan; Kung, Hsiang-fu

    2011-04-01

    Sox21 is thought to function as a counteracting partner of SoxB1 (Sox1, 2, 3) genes and is involved in cell fate determination. In this study, we comparatively analyzed the expression patterns and conserved cis-regulatory elements of the duplicated sox21 genes in zebrafish. In embryogenesis, sox21b is predominantly expressed in the telencephalon, hypothalamus, mesencephalon and lens, and sox21a is solely expressed in the midbrain-hindbrain boundary, olfactory placode and lateral line, while both genes are expressed in the hindbrain, spinal cord and ear. In adult, sox21a is expressed in the brain, skin, ovary and intestine, while sox21b is expressed in the brain and testis. Interestingly, all 16 pan-vertebrate conserved non-coding elements (CNEs) are asymmetrically preserved in the sox21b locus, whereas two fish-specific elements are kept in the sox21a locus, and this is correlated with increased evolutionary rate of the sox21a protein sequence. Transient transgenic reporter analysis revealed that six sox21b CNEs and two sox21a CNEs drove green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression in tissues correlated with the partitioning of expression in two orthologues. These results indicate that sox21a and sox21b have reciprocally lost expression domains of the ancestral gene reflected by degeneration of certain CNEs in their genomic loci and provide clear evidence for evolution of the duplicated sox21 genes by subfunctionalization. In addition, our data suggest that some CNEs-based regulatory pathways have been predominantly preserved in the sox21b locus. PMID:21492149

  5. Comparative analysis of fungal protein kinases and associated domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaser Fabian

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Protein phosphorylation is responsible for a large portion of the regulatory functions of eukaryotic cells. Although the list of sequenced genomes of filamentous fungi has grown rapidly, the kinomes of recently sequenced species have not yet been studied in detail. The objective of this study is to apply a comparative analysis of the kinase distribution in different fungal phyla, and to explore its relevance to understanding the evolution of fungi and their taxonomic classification. We have analyzed in detail 12 subgroups of kinases and their distribution over 30 species, as well as their potential use as a classifier for members of the fungal kingdom. Results Our findings show that despite the similarity of the kinase distribution in all fungi, their domain distributions and kinome density can potentially be used to classify them and give insight into their evolutionary origin. In general, we found that the overall representation of kinase groups is similar across fungal genomes, the only exception being a large number of tyrosine kinase-like (TKL kinases predicted in Laccaria bicolor. This unexpected finding underscores the need to continue to sequence fungal genomes, since many species or lineage-specific properties may remain to be discovered. Furthermore, we found that the domain organization significantly varies between the fungal species. Our results suggest that protein kinases and their functional domains strongly reflect fungal taxonomy. Conclusions Comparison of the predicted kinomes of sequenced fungi suggests essential signaling functions common to all species, but also specific adaptations of the signal transduction networks to particular species.

  6. Multisite surface electromyography and complementary healing intervention: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, D P; Cram, J R

    1997-01-01

    A comparative analysis was conducted on a series of three experimental studies that examined the effect of various local and nonlocal (distant) complementary healing methods on multisite surface electromyographic (sEMG) and autonomic measures. The series concentrated sEMG electrode placement on specific neuromuscular paraspinal centers (cervical [C4], thoracic [T6], and lumbar [L3]), along with the frontalis region, due to the fact that these sites corresponded to the location of individual chakra centers as delineated in ancient Eastern medical and philosophical texts. It was hypothesized that the sEMG assessment procedure had the potential to provide objective, quantifiable correlates for complementary healing treatment effects, as well as assess the energy flow through the chakras during a healing treatment. The studies were the first of their kind to incorporate randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled protocols in order to evaluate correlative neuromuscular multisite sEMG paraspinal measures with different complementary healing treatment interventions. Although the measurement protocols were similar between experiments, the results, demonstrated by the individual studies, varied. Whereas the overall findings of the series are encouraging because they indicate a potential objective scientific correlate to complementary healing treatment intervention, the results are considered preliminary in nature and appear to be linked to either the meditational experience of the subjects or dependent on the particular healer(s) used. Additional research is needed in order to establish the multisite sEMG assessment procedure as a reliable correlative measure for complementary healing treatment effects and to determine whether a consistent replicative treatment effect can be demonstrated independent of the specific subject population or practitioner(s) used. PMID:9449057

  7. User's manual for HPTAM: A two-dimensional Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Model, including the startup from a frozen state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tournier, Jean-Michel; El-Genk, Mohamed S.

    1995-09-01

    This report describes the user's manual for 'HPTAM,' a two-dimensional Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Model. HPTAM is described in detail in the UNM-ISNPS-3-1995 report which accompanies the present manual. The model offers a menu that lists a number of working fluids and wall and wick materials from which the user can choose. HPTAM is capable of simulating the startup of heat pipes from either a fully-thawed or frozen condition of the working fluid in the wick structure. The manual includes instructions for installing and running HPTAM on either a UNIX, MS-DOS or VMS operating system. Samples for input and output files are also provided to help the user with the code.

  8. User's Manual for HPTAM: a Two-Dimensional Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Model, Including the Startup from a Frozen State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tournier, Jean-Michel; El-Genk, Mohamed S.

    1995-01-01

    This report describes the user's manual for 'HPTAM,' a two-dimensional Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Model. HPTAM is described in detail in the UNM-ISNPS-3-1995 report which accompanies the present manual. The model offers a menu that lists a number of working fluids and wall and wick materials from which the user can choose. HPTAM is capable of simulating the startup of heat pipes from either a fully-thawed or frozen condition of the working fluid in the wick structure. The manual includes instructions for installing and running HPTAM on either a UNIX, MS-DOS or VMS operating system. Samples for input and output files are also provided to help the user with the code.

  9. Comparative Analysis of Cross-Platform MAD Frameworks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunal Verma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Mobile Application Development is getting to be additionally difficult with differing stages and their product improvement packs. Lately, mobile computing has been having truly a revolution. Anyways one of the difficulties that has been conceived due to this revolution is technology and device fragmentation leaving developers stupefied. Platform developers, device manufacturers accompany such a variety of gimmicks and functionalities that it has been hard to give developers a less demanding method for creating applications and running the application on every cell phone with expense and time compelling measures. To lessen the expense of development and connectivity with maximum users across a plethora of platforms, developers are relocating to cross-platform application development tools. In this paper, we give a few choice criteria past the portability concerns toward picking suitable cross-platform solution for application development. Nonetheless, we discovered that cross-platform solutions might be suggested by and large, yet they are still constrained if high prerequisites apply with respect to execution, convenience or native user experience.

  10. GENOVA: a generalized perturbation theory program for various applications to CANDU core physics analysis (II) - a user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A user's guide for GENOVA, a GENeralized perturbation theory (GPT)-based Optimization and uncertainty analysis program for Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) physics VAriables, was prepared. The program was developed under the framework of CANDU physics design and analysis code RFSP. The generalized perturbation method was implemented in GENOVA to estimate the zone controller unit (ZCU) level upon refueling operation and calculate various sensitivity coefficients for fuel management study and uncertainty analyses, respectively. This documentation contains descriptions and directions of four major modules of GENOVA such as ADJOINT, GADJINT, PERTURB, and PERTXS so that it can be used as a practical guide for GENOVA users. This documentation includes sample inputs for the ZCU level estimation and sensitivity coefficient calculation, which are the main application of GENOVA. The GENOVA can be used as a supplementary tool of the current CANDU physics design code for advanced CANDU core analysis and fuel development

  11. Behind HumanBoost: Analysis of Users’ Trust Decision Patterns for Identifying Fraudulent Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisuke Miyamoto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes users’ trust decision patterns for detecting phishing sites. Our previous work proposed HumanBoost [1] which improves the accuracy of detecting phishing sites by using users’ Past Trust Decisions (PTDs. Web users are generally required to make trust decisions whenever their personal information is requested by a website. Human-Boostassumed that a database of Web user’s PTD would be transformed into a binary vector, representing phishing or not-phishing, and the binary vector can be used for detecting phishing sites, similar to the existing heuristics. Here, this paper explores the types of the users whose PTDs are useful by running a subject experiment, where 309 participants- browsed 40 websites, judged whether the site appeared to be a phishing site, and described the criterion while assessing the credibility of the site. Based on the result of the experiment, this paper classifies the participants into eight groups by clustering approach and evaluates the detection accuracy for each group. It then clarifies the types of the users who can make suitable trust decisions for HumanBoost.

  12. A COMPARATIVE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF RICE CULTIVARS DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugemangango Cyprien

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, rice cultivars data have been analysed by three different statisticaltechniques viz. Split-plot analysis in RBD, two-factor factorial analysis in RBD and analysis oftwo-way classified data with several observations per cell. The powers of the tests under differentmethods of analysis have been calculated. The method of two-way classified data with severalobservations per cell is found better followed by two-factor factorial technique in RBD and splitplot analysis for analyzing the given data.

  13. Large-System Analysis of Joint User Selection and Vector Precoding for Multiuser MIMO Downlink

    OpenAIRE

    Takeuchi, Keigo; Mueller, Ralf R.; Kawabata, Tsutomu

    2012-01-01

    Joint user selection (US) and vector precoding (US-VP) is proposed for multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) downlink. The main difference between joint US-VP and conventional US is that US depends on data symbols for joint US-VP, whereas conventional US is independent of data symbols. The replica method is used to analyze the performance of joint US-VP in the large-system limit, where the numbers of transmit antennas, users, and selected users tend to infinity ...

  14. Comparative Analysis of Load Balancing Algorithms in Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms.NITIKA , Ms.SHAVETA ,Mr. GAURAV RAJ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Issues with the performance of business applications can cause detritions of an organization business performance. A recent research study indicates that organizations could lose significant part of their revenues due to delay beyond defined baselines for performance of their web applications. This paper shows that end users would wait between 4 and 6 seconds for a page to open. This paper works on several issues in IT industry like delay time, response time i.e. overall response time with the data centre processing time. The result of this paper is to reduced delay & response time towards throughput .IT industry improve application performance such as revenue growth, cost saving and reputation.

  15. Comparative performance analysis of PEM and solid oxide steam electrolysers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nieminen, Jonathan; Dincer, Ibrahim; Naterer, Greg [Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4 (Canada)

    2010-10-15

    This paper presents a comprehensive overview of comparative performance characteristics of proton exchange membrane (PEM) and solid oxide steam (SOS) electrolysers based on a thermodynamic analysis. The main factors which influence electrolyser energy and exergy efficiencies were temperature, summation of overpotentials, applied voltage, and to a lesser extent pressure. It is found that anodic overpotentials make up a majority of the total overpotentials in both electrolyser types studied and therefore further development of catalysts to reduce the overpotentials was recommended. In the PEM electrolyser analyzed, the energy and exergy efficiencies are calculated and assumed to be identical due to the low thermal energy demand of a PEM because of low operating temperatures. It is calculated that an increase in pressure from 1.0 atm to 5.0 atm increased PEM electrolyser energy and exergy efficiency increased approximately 2.5% over the range of applicable current densities. This is found to be because of anodic and cathodic concentration overpotentials going towards negative values with increasing pressures. This reduces the thermodynamic irreversibility and thus, increases the energy and exergy efficiencies. Given this trend, it is recommended that PEM be enhanced to operate at higher temperatures and pressures, while retaining thermal and mechanical stability. Hydrogen transport is found to be efficient in PEM operation, only accounting for less than 5% of the overpotential distribution. Also, the assumption of neglecting concentration overpotentials for a PEM electrolyser is verified in this paper. In the SOS electrolyser analyzed, the energy and exergy efficiencies vary with increasing pressure and current density. Both energy and exergy efficiencies are calculated and validated. The maximum energy efficiency is found to approximately 53%, 53.5%, and 54% at pressures of 1.0 atm, 3.0 atm, and 5.0 atm, respectively, while operating at a current density of approximately 2000 A/m{sup 2}. The maximum exergy efficiency is calculated to be approximately 60% at a pressure of 1.0 atm, temperature of 873 K, and current density of 2100 A/m{sup 2}. Also, at a temperature of 873 K, a current density of 2100 A/m{sup 2}, and a pressure of 3.0 atm and 5.0 atm, the exergy efficiency is calculated to be approximately 62%. Furthermore, electrolytes with higher ionic conductivity at lower temperatures are recommended to decrease ohmic overpotentials and increase the efficiency at lower temperatures. (author)

  16. Performance Analysis and Evaluation of UWB Wireless Computer Network for Multi-users and Dynamic Channel Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safa Saad Hussein

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ultra wideband (UWB technology has been widely used for wireless communication systems including long and short ranges. Wireless computer network is a short range communication system. The present study provides a detailed analysis and performance evaluation of an Ultra-Wideband wireless computer network in a dynamic environment. This includes multi-users state, various modulation schemes and different channel models. Time-Hopping multiple access technique (TH has been selected to evaluate the network performance in multi-users environment. In addition, three modulation techniques including Pulse Position Modulation (TH-PPM, Binary Phase Shift Keying (TH-BPSK and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM have been used in this analysis. Two types of channel models for each modulation scheme have been used to simulate dynamic environment. The channel models are CM1 (line-of-sight and/or CM3 (Non-line-of-sight along with AWGN (IEEE 802.15.3a. Simulation results show that performance of the local area wireless computer network is highly dependent on the channel environment, the maximum allowable number of active users and the receiver structure. Therefore, prior information of the channel model as well as maximum number of active users is required to optimize the desired performance of the wireless computer network for a specific receiver model.

  17. Evaluating Variable Length Markov Chain Models for Analysis of User Web Navigation Sessions

    CERN Document Server

    Borges, J; Borges, Jose; Levene, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Markov models have been widely used to represent and analyse user web navigation data. In previous work we have proposed a method to dynamically extend the order of a Markov chain model and a complimentary method for assessing the predictive power of such a variable length Markov chain. Herein, we review these two methods and propose a novel method for measuring the ability of a variable length Markov model to summarise user web navigation sessions up to a given length. While the summarisation ability of a model is important to enable the identification of user navigation patterns, the ability to make predictions is important in order to foresee the next link choice of a user after following a given trail so as, for example, to personalise a web site. We present an extensive experimental evaluation providing strong evidence that prediction accuracy increases linearly with summarisation ability.

  18. Performance Analysis of Spectrum Sensing With Multiple Status Changes in Primary User Traffic

    CERN Document Server

    Tang, Liang; Hines, Evor L; Alouini, Mohamed-Slim

    2012-01-01

    In this letter, the impact of primary user traffic with multiple status changes on the spectrum sensing performance is analyzed. Closed-form expressions for the probabilities of false alarm and detection are derived. Numerical results show that the multiple status changes of the primary user cause considerable degradation in the sensing performance. This degradation depends on the number of changes, the primary user traffic model, the primary user traffic intensity and the signal-to-noise ratio of the received signal. Numerical results also show that the amount of degradation decreases when the number of changes increases, and converges to a minimum sensing performance due to the limited sensing period and primary holding time.

  19. Comparative Analysis of Two Models of the Strouma River Ecosystem

    OpenAIRE

    Mitko Petrov; Tatiana Ilkova

    2008-01-01

    A modified method of regression analysis for modelling of the water quality of river ecosystems is offered. The method is distinguished from the conventional regression analysis of that the factors included in the regression dependence are time functions. Two type functions are tested: polynomial and periodical. The investigations show better results the periodical functions give. In addition, a model for analysis of river quality has been developed, which is a modified method of the time ser...

  20. Community College Student Mental Health: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Daniel Seth; Davison, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This study explores community college student mental health by comparing the responses of California community college and traditional university students on the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II). Using MANOVA, we compared community college and traditional university students, examining…

  1. Mapa-an object oriented code with a graphical user interface for accelerator design and analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shasharina, S.G.; Cary, J.R. [Tech-X Corporation 4588 Pussy Willow Court, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States)

    1997-02-01

    We developed a code for accelerator modeling which will allow users to create and analyze accelerators through a graphical user interface (GUI). The GUI can read an accelerator from files or create it by adding, removing and changing elements. It also creates 4D orbits and lifetime plots. The code includes a set of accelerator elements classes, C++ utility and GUI libraries. Due to the GUI, the code is easy to use and expand. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Mapa-an object oriented code with a graphical user interface for accelerator design and analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed a code for accelerator modeling which will allow users to create and analyze accelerators through a graphical user interface (GUI). The GUI can read an accelerator from files or create it by adding, removing and changing elements. It also creates 4D orbits and lifetime plots. The code includes a set of accelerator elements classes, C++ utility and GUI libraries. Due to the GUI, the code is easy to use and expand

  3. Mapa-an object oriented code with a graphical user interface for accelerator design and analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed a code for accelerator modeling which will allow users to create and analyze accelerators through a graphical user interface (GUI). The GUI can read an accelerator from files or create it by adding, removing and changing elements. It also creates 4D orbits and lifetime plots. The code includes a set of accelerator elements classes, C++ utility and GUI libraries. Due to the GUI, the code is easy to use and expand. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics

  4. Elimination of User-fees in Tertiary Education: A Distributive Analysis for Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Ponce; Yessenia Loayza

    2012-01-01

    This paper offers new evidence and methods for understanding the distributive effect of a universal government policy to eliminate user fees in public universities in Ecuador. The main argument to eliminate user fees in higher education is that it will increase enrollment among the poor. In this regard, eliminating tuition fees is supposed to be a progressive policy. Using several panel data, however, credible evidence exists that eliminating tuition fees has no significant impact on opportun...

  5. An Analysis of User Satisfaction of K University’s Library Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younghee Noh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study purposed to discover whether or not academic libraries reflect these changing roles. We selected K University as the research target and surveyed user satisfaction of materials, staff services, facilities, electronic devices, media, and so on. The research findings are as follows: 1 the frequency of library visits of University K was on the high side, 2 the primary purpose of using the academic library was associated with learning or reading, therefore, the most used library spaces were related to that, 3 the most used library materials were 'general books', the most unused were 'reference books', 4 the most preferred way to obtain needed materials when failing to find wanted materials was 'Contact librarian'. A similar phenomenon occurred in terms of facility use, 5 university K's users were usually satisfied with the loan policy, 6 the rate of users who don't know whether there is user education was very high, the rate of users who have no experience with user education was extremely low. These research findings can be referenced by library management to improve libraries' service quality and take advantage of complex spatial configurations.

  6. An Analysis of User Satisfaction of K University’s Library Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younghee Noh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study purposed to discover whether or not academic libraries reflect these changing roles. We selected K University as the research target and surveyed user satisfaction of materials, staff services, facilities, electronic devices, media, and so on. The research findings are as follows: 1 the frequency of library visits of University K was on the high side, 2 the primary purpose of using the academic library was associated with learning or reading, therefore, the most used library spaces were related to that, 3 the most used library materials were ‘general books’, the most unused were ‘reference books’, 4 the most preferred way to obtain needed materials when failing to find wanted materials was ‘Contact librarian’. A similar phenomenon occurred in terms of facility use, 5 university K’s users were usually satisfied with the loan policy, 6 the rate of users who don't know whether there is user education was very high, the rate of users who have no experience with user education was extremely low. These research findings can be referenced by library management to improve libraries’ service quality and take advantage of complex spatial configurations.

  7. HYDRA-II: A hydrothermal analysis computer code: Volume 2, User's manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCann, R.A.; Lowery, P.S.; Lessor, D.L.

    1987-09-01

    HYDRA-II is a hydrothermal computer code capable of three-dimensional analysis of coupled conduction, convection, and thermal radiation problems. This code is especially appropriate for simulating the steady-state performance of spent fuel storage systems. The code has been evaluated for this application for the US Department of Energy's Commercial Spent Fuel Management Program. HYDRA-II provides a finite-difference solution in cartesian coordinates to the equations governing the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. A cylindrical coordinate system may also be used to enclose the cartesian coordinate system. This exterior coordinate system is useful for modeling cylindrical cask bodies. The difference equations for conservation of momentum incorporate directional porosities and permeabilities that are available to model solid structures whose dimensions may be smaller than the computational mesh. The equation for conservation of energy permits modeling of orthotropic physical properties and film resistances. Several automated methods are available to model radiation transfer within enclosures and from fuel rod to fuel rod. The documentation of HYDRA-II is presented in three separate volumes. Volume 1 - Equations and Numerics describes the basic differential equations, illustrates how the difference equations are formulated, and gives the solution procedures employed. This volume, Volume 2 - User's Manual, contains code flow charts, discusses the code structure, provides detailed instructions for preparing an input file, and illustrates the operation of the code by means of a sample problem. The final volume, Volume 3 - Verification/Validation Assessments, provides a comparison between the analytical solution and the numerical simulation for problems with a known solution. 6 refs.

  8. Behavioral therapies for treatment-seeking cannabis users: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Michelle L; Powers, Mark B; Handelsman, Pamela; Medina, Johnna L; Zvolensky, Michael; Smits, Jasper A J

    2015-03-01

    Narrative reviews conclude that behavioral therapies (BTs) produce better outcomes than control conditions for cannabis use disorders (CUDs). However, the strength and consistency of this effect has not been directly empirically examined. The present meta-analysis combined multiple well-controlled studies to help clarify the overall impact of behavioral interventions in the treatment of CUDs. A comprehensive literature search produced 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs; n = 2,027) that were included in the final analyses. Analyses indicated an effect of BTs (including contingency management, relapse prevention, and motivational interviewing, and combinations of these strategies with cognitive behavioral therapy) over control conditions (including waitlist [WL], psychological placebo, and treatment as usual) across pooled outcomes and time points (Hedges' g = 0.44). These results suggest that the average patient receiving a behavioral intervention fared better than 66% of those in the control conditions. BT also outperformed control conditions when examining primary outcomes alone (frequency and severity of use) and secondary outcomes alone (psychosocial functioning). Effect sizes were not moderated by inclusion of a diagnosis (RCTs including treatment-seeking cannabis users who were not assessed for abuse or dependence vs. RCTs including individuals diagnosed as dependent), dose (number of treatment sessions), treatment format (either group vs. individual treatment or in-person vs. non-in-person treatment), sample size, or publication year. Effect sizes were significantly larger for studies that included a WL control comparison versus those including active control comparisons, such that BT significantly outperformed WL controls but not active control comparisons. PMID:24695072

  9. Comparative anaComparative analysis of losatan and enalapril antihypertensive efficacy (ELLA trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.M. Chihladze

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To compare antihypertensive efficacy of ??1 receptors blocker (losartan and ACE inhibitor (enalapril, including their combinations with hydrochlorothiazide.Material and methods. 60 patients (30-65 y.o. with arterial hypertension (HT of stages 1-3 were involved in 12-week opened comparative randomized study. Patients of group-I (n=30 received losartan, patients of group-II (n=30 - enalapril. Blood pressure (BP changes assessed on the basis of clinical measurements and ambulatory monitoring. Microalbuminuria (MAU levels, plasma aldosterone levels and plasma renin activity were estimated.Results. Target BP levels were reached in 76,6% of patients in group-I and in 73,3% of patients in group-II. Among patients with moderate HT of stage 2 (n=50 target BP levels were reached in 96% of patients in group-I and in 72% of patients in group-II. Patients of both groups had positive changes in BP levels according to ambulatory BP monitoring. Significant reduction in MAU level and uric acid plasma concentrations were observed.Conclusion. Losartan (Losap, Zentiva and losartan combination with hydrochlorothiazide (Losap-plus, Zentiva demonstrated antihypertensive efficacy comparable with this of enalapril as well as nephroprotective features.

  10. MethLAB: a graphical user interface package for the analysis of array-based DNA methylation data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilaru, Varun; Barfield, Richard T; Schroeder, James W; Smith, Alicia K; Conneely, Karen N

    2012-03-01

    Recent evidence suggests that DNA methylation changes may underlie numerous complex traits and diseases. The advent of commercial, array-based methods to interrogate DNA methylation has led to a profusion of epigenetic studies in the literature. Array-based methods, such as the popular Illumina GoldenGate and Infinium platforms, estimate the proportion of DNA methylated at single-base resolution for thousands of CpG sites across the genome. These arrays generate enormous amounts of data, but few software resources exist for efficient and flexible analysis of these data. We developed a software package called MethLAB (http://genetics.emory.edu/conneely/MethLAB) using R, an open source statistical language that can be edited to suit the needs of the user. MethLAB features a graphical user interface (GUI) with a menu-driven format designed to efficiently read in and manipulate array-based methylation data in a user-friendly manner. MethLAB tests for association between methylation and relevant phenotypes by fitting a separate linear model for each CpG site. These models can incorporate both continuous and categorical phenotypes and covariates, as well as fixed or random batch or chip effects. MethLAB accounts for multiple testing by controlling the false discovery rate (FDR) at a user-specified level. Standard output includes a spreadsheet-ready text file and an array of publication-quality figures. Considering the growing interest in and availability of DNA methylation data, there is a great need for user-friendly open source analytical tools. With MethLAB, we present a timely resource that will allow users with no programming experience to implement flexible and powerful analyses of DNA methylation data. PMID:22430798

  11. Microarray ? US: a user-friendly graphical interface to Bioconductor tools that enables accurate microarray data analysis and expedites comprehensive functional analysis of microarray results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dai Yilin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray data analysis presents a significant challenge to researchers who are unable to use the powerful Bioconductor and its numerous tools due to their lack of knowledge of R language. Among the few existing software programs that offer a graphic user interface to Bioconductor packages, none have implemented a comprehensive strategy to address the accuracy and reliability issue of microarray data analysis due to the well known probe design problems associated with many widely used microarray chips. There is also a lack of tools that would expedite the functional analysis of microarray results. Findings We present Microarray ? US, an R-based graphical user interface that implements over a dozen popular Bioconductor packages to offer researchers a streamlined workflow for routine differential microarray expression data analysis without the need to learn R language. In order to enable a more accurate analysis and interpretation of microarray data, we incorporated the latest custom probe re-definition and re-annotation for Affymetrix and Illumina chips. A versatile microarray results output utility tool was also implemented for easy and fast generation of input files for over 20 of the most widely used functional analysis software programs. Conclusion Coupled with a well-designed user interface, Microarray ? US leverages cutting edge Bioconductor packages for researchers with no knowledge in R language. It also enables a more reliable and accurate microarray data analysis and expedites downstream functional analysis of microarray results.

  12. Multi-user quantum cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bing C.; Kumavor, Patrick; Yelin, Susanne F.; Beal, Alan C.

    2005-10-01

    Quantum cryptography applies the uncertainty principle and the no-cloning theorem of quantum mechanics to provide ultra-secure encryption key distribution between two parties. Present quantum cryptography technologies provide encryption key distribution between two parties. However, practical implementations encryption key distribution schemes require establishing secure quantum communications amongst multiple users. In this talk, we survey some of the state of the art quantum encryption deployment in communication networks. We will also discuss some common topologies that are being considered for multi-user quantum encryption networks. The performance of the multi-user quantum key distribution systems is then compared for four different optical network topologies: the Sagnac-based fiber ring, the wavelength routed, the passive star and the bus network. Their performances are compared and analyzed using quantum bit error rate analysis.

  13. User's manual for CONTAIN 1.1: A computer code for severe nuclear reactor accident containment analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CONTAIN 1.1 computer code is an integrated analysis tool used for predicting the physical, chemical, and radiological conditions inside a containment building following the release of radioactive environment. CONTAIN 1.1 is the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's principal best-estimate, mechanistic containment analysis code for severe accidents. CONTAIN 1.1 is intended to replace the earlier CONTAIN 1.0, which was released in 1984. The purpose of this User's Manual is to provide a basic understanding of the features and models in CONTAIN 1.1 so that users can prepare reasonable input and understand the output and its significance for particular applications. 148 refs., 63 figs., 10 tabs

  14. Comprehensive comparative analysis of strand-specific RNA sequencing methods

    OpenAIRE

    Levin, Joshua Z.; Yassour, Moran; Adiconis, Xian; Nusbaum, Chad; Thompson, Dawn Anne; Friedman, Nir; Gnirke, Andreas; Regev, Aviv

    2010-01-01

    Strand-specific, massively-parallel cDNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) is a powerful tool for novel transcript discovery, genome annotation, and expression profiling. Despite multiple published methods for strand-specific RNA-Seq, no consensus exists as to how to choose between them. Here, we developed a comprehensive computational pipeline to compare library quality metrics from any RNA-Seq method. Using the well-annotated Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcriptome as a benchmark, we compared seven libra...

  15. Comparative analysis of bacteria in uranium mining wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compositional analysis of predominant bacterial groups in three different kinds of uranium wastes gives indications for different biogeological processes running at the studied sites which seems to be influenced by the anthropological activities involved in the production of uranium. (orig.)

  16. Performance Analysis and Evaluation of UWB Wireless Computer Network for Multi-users and Dynamic Channel Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Safa Saad Hussein; Aliaa Youssif; Hussein Hamed Mahmoud Ghouz

    2013-01-01

    Ultra wideband (UWB) technology has been widely used for wireless communication systems including long and short ranges. Wireless computer network is a short range communication system. The present study provides a detailed analysis and performance evaluation of an Ultra-Wideband wireless computer network in a dynamic environment. This includes multi-users state, various modulation schemes and different channel models. Time-Hopping multiple access technique ...

  17. Development of Graphical User Interface for Finite Element Analysis of Static Loading of a Column using MATLAB

    OpenAIRE

    Petinrin, Moses Omolayo

    2010-01-01

    In this work, the capability of MATLAB software package to develop graphical user interface (GUI) package was demonstrated. A GUI was successfully developed using MATLAB programming language to study the behaviour of a suspended column under uniaxial static loading by solving the numerical model created based on the finite element method (FEM). The comparison between the exact solution from previous researches and the numerical analysis showed good agreement. The column average strain, averag...

  18. Measuring service quality and a comparative analysis in airline industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Mehdi Izadi; Naser Azad; Seyed Mohsen SeyedAliAkbar; Kuimars Bahreini

    2013-01-01

    Quality of services in airline industry plays an important role in market penetration and customer retention. In this paper, we present a factor analysis to find important factors in Iranian Airline industry. The study designs a questionnaire consist of 35 questions and distribute it among 200 customers who regularly use services from 16 different airlines and they are investigated based on the implementation of factor analysis. The results of our survey determines seven important factors inc...

  19. GProX, a User-Friendly Platform for Bioinformatics Analysis and Visualization of Quantitative Proteomics Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rigbolt, Kristoffer T G; Vanselow, Jens T

    2011-01-01

    Recent technological advances have made it possible to identify and quantify thousands of proteins in a single proteomics experiment. As a result of these developments, the analysis of data has become the bottleneck of proteomics experiment. To provide the proteomics community with a user-friendly platform for comprehensive analysis, inspection and visualization of quantitative proteomics data we developed the Graphical Proteomics Data Explorer (GProX)(1). The program requires no special bioinformatics training, as all functions of GProX are accessible within its graphical user-friendly interface which will be intuitive to most users. Basic features facilitate the uncomplicated management and organization of large data sets and complex experimental setups as well as the inspection and graphical plotting of quantitative data. These are complemented by readily available high-level analysis options such as database querying, clustering based on abundance ratios, feature enrichment tests for e.g. GO terms and pathway analysis tools. A number of plotting options for visualization of quantitative proteomics data is available and most analysis functions in GProX create customizable high quality graphical displays in both vector and bitmap formats. The generic import requirements allow data originating from essentially all mass spectrometry platforms, quantitation strategies and software to be analyzed in the program. GProX represents a powerful approach to proteomics data analysis providing proteomics experimenters with a toolbox for bioinformatics analysis of quantitative proteomics data. The program is released as open-source and can be freely downloaded from the project webpage at http://gprox.sourceforge.net.

  20. SCANS (Shipping Cask ANalysis System) a microcomputer-based analysis system for shipping cask design review: User`s manual to Version 3a. Volume 1, Revision 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mok, G.C.; Thomas, G.R.; Gerhard, M.A.; Trummer, D.J.; Johnson, G.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    SCANS (Shipping Cask ANalysis System) is a microcomputer-based system of computer programs and databases developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for evaluating safety analysis reports on spent fuel shipping casks. SCANS is an easy-to-use system that calculates the global response to impact loads, pressure loads and thermal conditions, providing reviewers with an independent check on analyses submitted by licensees. SCANS is based on microcomputers compatible with the IBM-PC family of computers. The system is composed of a series of menus, input programs, cask analysis programs, and output display programs. All data is entered through fill-in-the-blank input screens that contain descriptive data requests. Analysis options are based on regulatory cases described in the Code of Federal Regulations 10 CFR 71 and Regulatory Guides published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1977 and 1978.

  1. Analysis of user characteristics related to drop-off detection with long cane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dae Shik Kim, PhD

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This study examined how user characteristics affect drop-off detection with the long cane. A mixed-measures design with block randomization was used for the study, in which 32 visually impaired adults attempted to detect the drop-offs using different cane techniques. Younger cane users detected drop-offs significantly more reliably (mean +/- standard deviation = 74.2% +/- 11.2% of the time than older cane users (60.9% +/- 10.8%, p = 0.009. The drop-off detection threshold of the younger participants (5.2 +/- 2.1 cm was also statistically significantly smaller than that of the older participants (7.9 +/- 2.2 cm, p = 0.007. Those with early-onset visual impairment (78.0% +/- 9.0% also detected drop-offs significantly more reliably than those with later-onset visual impairment (67.3% +/- 12.4%, p = 0.01. No interaction occurred between examined user characteristics (age and age at onset of visual impairment and the type of cane technique used in drop-off detection. The findings of the study may help orientation and mobility specialists select appropriate cane techniques in accordance with the cane user's age and onset of visual impairment.

  2. Comparative Analysis of Vehicle Make and Model Recognition Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faiza Ayub Syed

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle Make and Model Recognition (VMMR has emerged as a significant element of vision based systems because of its application in access control systems, traffic control and monitoring systems, security systems and surveillance systems, etc. So far a number of techniques have been developed for vehicle recognition. Each technique follows different methodology and classification approaches. The evaluation results highlight the recognition technique with highest accuracy level. In this paper we have pointed out the working of various vehicle make and model recognition techniques and compare these techniques on the basis of methodology, principles, classification approach, classifier and level of recognition After comparing these factors we concluded that Locally Normalized Harris Corner Strengths (LHNS performs best as compared to other techniques. LHNS uses Bayes and K-NN classification approaches for vehicle classification. It extracts information from frontal view of vehicles for vehicle make and model recognition.

  3. Large-Scale Battery System Development and User-Specific Driving Behavior Analysis for Emerging Electric-Drive Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yihe Sun

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Emerging green-energy transportation, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs, has a great potential for reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse emissions. The lithium-ion battery system used in these vehicles, however, is bulky, expensive and unreliable, and has been the primary roadblock for transportation electrification. Meanwhile, few studies have considered user-specific driving behavior and its significant impact on (PHEV fuel efficiency, battery system lifetime, and the environment. This paper presents a detailed investigation of battery system modeling and real-world user-specific driving behavior analysis for emerging electric-drive vehicles. The proposed model is fast to compute and accurate for analyzing battery system run-time and long-term cycle life with a focus on temperature dependent battery system capacity fading and variation. The proposed solution is validated against physical measurement using real-world user driving studies, and has been adopted to facilitate battery system design and optimization. Using the collected real-world hybrid vehicle and run-time driving data, we have also conducted detailed analytical studies of users’ specific driving patterns and their impacts on hybrid vehicle electric energy and fuel efficiency. This work provides a solid foundation for future energy control with emerging electric-drive applications.

  4. Comparative genomic analysis as a tool for biologicaldiscovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nobrega, Marcelo A.; Pennacchio, Len A.

    2003-03-30

    Biology is a discipline rooted in comparisons. Comparative physiology has assembled a detailed catalogue of the biological similarities and differences between species, revealing insights into how life has adapted to fill a wide-range of environmental niches. For example, the oxygen and carbon dioxide carrying capacity of vertebrate has evolved to provide strong advantages for species respiring at sea level, at high elevation or within water. Comparative- anatomy, -biochemistry, -pharmacology, -immunology and -cell biology have provided the fundamental paradigms from which each discipline has grown.

  5. Power Quality Analysis of Photovoltaic Generation Integrated in User-Side Grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Chang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes impacts of grid-connected photovoltaic power plant on the harmonic current in the power quality aspect of distribution network, Summaries the requirement of harmonic current injecting in grid caused by photovoltaic power plant which connected in user side. Based on the DIgSILENT PowerFactory simulation platform, this paper simulates harmonic current injecting into grid in one case of grid-connected photovoltaic generation and then analyzes it by build models of photovoltaic generation and power grid belonged the user. The result illustrated that the harmonic current caused by user side grid connected photovoltaic generation injecting into grid satisfies standards requirements, the photovoltaic generation system should have 400kvar reactive power regulation capability.

  6. Alexithymia components in excessive internet users: a multi-factorial analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandri, Theodora A; Bonotis, Konstantinos S; Floros, Georgios D; Zafiropoulou, Maria M

    2014-12-15

    The increasing use of computers and the internet - especially among young people - apart from its positive effects, sometimes leads to excessive and pathological use. The present study examined the relationship among the excessive use of the internet by university students, the alexithymia components and sociodemographic factors associated with internet users and their online activities. 515 university students from the University of Thessaly participated in the study. Participants anonymously completed: a) the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), b) the Toronto Alexithymia Test (TAS 20) and c) a questionnaire covering various aspects of internet use and demographic characteristics of internet users. Excessive use of the internet among Greek university students was studied within a multi-factorial context and was associated with the alexithymia and demographic factors in nonlinear correlations, forming thus a personalized emotional and demographic profile of the excessive internet users. PMID:25149129

  7. Security Analysis and Improvement of User Authentication Framework for Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Computing, as an emerging, virtual, large-scale distributed computing model, has gained increasing attention these years. Meanwhile it also faces many secure challenges, one of which is authentication. In this paper, we firstly analyze a user authentication framework for cloud computing proposed by Amlan Jyoti Choudhury et al and point out the security attacks existing in the protocol. Then we propose an improved user authentication scheme. Our improved protocol ensures user legitimacy before entering into the cloud. The confidentiality and the mutual authentication of our protocol are formally proved by the strand space model theory and the authentication test method. The simulation illustrates that the communication performance of our scheme is efficient

  8. Analysis of reliability AAN laboratory with comparative method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AAN method is an analysis method which has good accuracy and precision. The samples of SRM 1646a Estuary sediment, SRM 1648 Urban particulate, SRM 1573 a Tomato leaves, and CRM No. 3 Chlorella was analyzed with AAN method in the AAN Laboratory at P2TRR. The analyzed method result show the 10 % relation of the element contain with long life time, if considered with certificate. These mean the result of the analysis done by the NAA in P2TRR is good

  9. A Comparative Analysis of Entrepreneur and College Business Student Values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, George T.; Fernald, Jr., Lloyd W.

    1990-01-01

    The study compared values of 123 senior-level college business students and 400 Florida entrepreneurs. Findings indicated value differences between entrepreneurs and students, as well as between female entrepreneurs and female students, but few differences between male entrepreneurs and male students. (DB)

  10. A comparability analysis of global burden sharing GHG reduction scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of the mitigation burden across countries is a key issue regarding the post-2012 global climate policies. This article explores the economic implications of alternative allocation rules, an assessment made in the run-up to the COP15 in Copenhagen (December 2009). We analyse the comparability of the allocations across countries based on four single indicators: GDP per capita, GHG emissions per GDP, GHG emission trends in the recent past, and population growth. The multi-sectoral computable general equilibrium model of the global economy, GEM-E3, is used for that purpose. Further, the article also compares a perfect carbon market without transaction costs with the case of a gradually developing carbon market, i.e. a carbon market with (gradually diminishing) transaction costs. - Highlights: ? Burden sharing of global mitigation efforts should consider equity and efficiency. ? The comparability of allocations across countries is based on four indicators. ? The four indicators are GDP/capita, GHG/GDP, population growth, and GHG trend. ? Any possible agreement on effort comparability needs a combination of indicators. ? We analyse the role played by the degree of flexibility in global carbon trading

  11. Sustainability of Social Programs: A Comparative Case Study Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savaya, Riki; Spiro, Shimon; Elran-Barak, Roni

    2008-01-01

    The article reports on the findings of a comparative case study of six projects that operated in Israel between 1980 and 2000. The study findings identify characteristics of the programs, the host organizations, and the social and political environment, which differentiated programs that are sustained from those that are not. The findings reaffirm…

  12. Comparative Analysis of Online vs. Face-to-Face Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Scott D.; Aragon, Steven R.; Shaik, Najmuddin; Palma-Rivas, Nilda

    This empirical study compared a graduate online course with an equivalent course taught in a traditional face-to-face format. Comparisons included student ratings of instructor and course quality; assessment of course interaction, structure, and support; and learning outcomes such as course grades and student self-assessment of ability to perform…

  13. Comparative analysis of Asian citrus psyllid and Potato psyllid antennae

    Science.gov (United States)

    The comparative investigation of the morphological basis for olfactory reception in two psyllid species, Diaphorina citri (the Asian citrus psyllid), and Bacterocera cockerelli (the potato/tomato psyllid) (both species Hemiptera:Psyllidae) was performed using scanning electron microscopy to elucidat...

  14. Child Sexual Abuse and Adolescent Prostitution: A Comparative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seng, Magnus J.

    1989-01-01

    Explored relationship between sexual abuse and adolescent prostitution by comparing 70 sexually abused children with 35 prostitution-involved children on 22 variables. Findings suggest that relationship is not direct, but involves runaway behavior as intervening variable. Concludes that it is not so much sexual abuse that leads to prostitution, as…

  15. Comparative analysis of optogenetic actuators in cultured astrocytes

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Melina; Lane, Samantha; Stout, Randy F.; Liu, Beihui; Parpura, Vladimir; Teschemacher, Anja G.; Kasparov, Sergey

    2014-01-01

    •We compared six optogenetic tools to selectively stimulate and study astrocytes.•Channelrhodopsin-2 variants cause release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores.•Opto-GPCRs activate selective second messenger cascades, leading to [Ca2+]i rises.•Autocrine action of ATP mediates the bulk of [Ca2+]i signals evoked by opto-GPCRs.•Current optogenetic tools initiate relevant signalling events in astrocytes.

  16. Comparative analysis of endurance of not hearing and hearing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwa?ska Dagmara

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Study aim: Sport participation is important for deaf children, as participants experience physical, psychological and social benefits [23]. This study is a summary of four year’s researches on the endurance level of deaf and well hearing girls and boys. The aim of this study was to compare endurance of not hearing and hearing students.

  17. Comparative proteomic analysis of virulent and rifampicin attenuated Flavobacterium psychrophilum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the etiologic agent of bacterial coldwater disease and rainbow trout fry syndrome. In this study we compared a wild-type strain (CSF 259.93) with a rifampicin resistant and virulence attenuated strain of F. psychrophilum (CSF 259.93B.17). The attenuated strain harbour...

  18. Comparative genomic analysis of the Tribolium immune system

    Science.gov (United States)

    The red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum has contributed a wealth of knowledge on insect development but limited information about innate immunity. With its complete nucleotide sequence determined, we have taken the opportunity to annotate immunity-related genes and compare them with homologous mole...

  19. Online Genome Analysis Resources for Educators, a Comparative Review

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Grace Prescott

    2012-01-01

    A comparative review of several companies that offer similar kits or services that allow students to isolate DNA (human and others), amplify it by PCR, and in some cases sequence the resulting sample.  The companies include:  Carolina® Biological Supply Company, Bio-Rad®, Edvotek® Inc., Hiram Genomics Store, and 23andMe.

  20. Environment Reporters and U.S. Journalists: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachsman, David B.; Simon, James; Valenti, JoAnn Myer

    2008-01-01

    This study provides baseline data regarding environment reporters in the twenty-first century, and then compares this baseline information about a specialized journalism beat to existing studies of U.S. journalists in general. This comparison between 652 environmental journalists working at daily newspapers and television stations and more than…

  1. User's manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software, version 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuffney, Thomas F.; Brightbill, Robin A.

    2011-01-01

    The Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software was developed to provide an accurate, consistent, and efficient mechanism for analyzing invertebrate data collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft Windows(Registered). It allows users to read data downloaded from the NAWQA Program Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB) or to import data from other sources either as Microsoft Excel(Registered) or Microsoft Access(Registered) files. The program consists of five modules: Edit Data, Data Preparation, Calculate Community Metrics, Calculate Diversities and Similarities, and Data Export. The Edit Data module allows the user to subset data on the basis of taxonomy or sample type, extract a random subsample of data, combine or delete data, summarize distributions, resolve ambiguous taxa (see glossary) and conditional/provisional taxa, import non-NAWQA data, and maintain and create files of invertebrate attributes that are used in the calculation of invertebrate metrics. The Data Preparation module allows the user to select the type(s) of sample(s) to process, calculate densities, delete taxa on the basis of laboratory processing notes, delete pupae or terrestrial adults, combine lifestages or keep them separate, select a lowest taxonomic level for analysis, delete rare taxa on the basis of the number of sites where a taxon occurs and (or) the abundance of a taxon in a sample, and resolve taxonomic ambiguities by one of four methods. The Calculate Community Metrics module allows the user to calculate 184 community metrics, including metrics based on organism tolerances, functional feeding groups, and behavior. The Calculate Diversities and Similarities module allows the user to calculate nine diversity and eight similarity indices. The Data Export module allows the user to export data to other software packages (CANOCO, Primer, PC-ORD, MVSP) and produce tables of community data that can be imported into spreadsheet, database, graphics, statistics, and word-processing programs. The IDAS program facilitates the documentation of analyses by keeping a log of the data that are processed, the files that are generated, and the program settings used to process the data. Though the IDAS program was developed to process NAWQA Program invertebrate data downloaded from Bio-TDB, the Edit Data module includes tools that can be used to convert non-NAWQA data into Bio-TDB format. Consequently, the data manipulation, analysis, and export procedures provided by the IDAS program can be used to process data generated outside of the NAWQA Program.

  2. Comparative analysis between gamma logging and GRS logging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gamma logging and GRS (Gamma Ray Spectrometer) logging are done in granite type uranium deposits inclusive thorium. After modified thorium influence, the interpretative result of Gamma logging and GRS logging is com- pared with sampling analysis, and relative error of 3 method is less then Specification order, so GRS logging is suggested to do for reducing money and shorting exploration period. (authors)

  3. A comparative analysis of adult siblings' perceptions toward caregiving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Meghan M; Fish, Thomas; Lawton, Kathy

    2015-04-01

    Siblings of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are likely to become caregivers for their brothers and sisters. The expectations of and experiences with caregiving, however, may be different. In this study, using focus groups, we compared the perspectives of siblings who were current caregivers (n ?=? 25) to siblings who anticipated being caregivers (n ?=? 17). Responses were compared and contrasted across four areas: caregiving responsibilities, rewards, challenges, and opinions toward being paid as a caregiver. Both caregiver groups were knowledgeable about and invested in their brothers and sisters. Also, they both reported that they enjoyed bonding with their brothers and sisters. Challenges, for current caregivers, related to understanding and navigating the service system. In contrast, anticipated caregivers were concerned about planning for the future. Mixed viewpoints were expressed about receiving pay for providing care although a greater number of current caregivers were receptive to it as a means to supporting their own families. PMID:25860452

  4. Comparative Analysis of the CERN Accelerator Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, C

    1998-01-01

    In the framework of a future unique accelerator control structure for the LHC era, the convergence of the PS and SL systems was relaunched in 1997. The present study was triggered by a directive from the SL and PS Divisions to investigate and propose concrete actions. The two systems are compared in the areas of server architecture, networking capabilities including performance and flexibility, support for generic, re-configurable applications, and general purpose operator interfaces. Additional sub-systems covered by this report include the timing system software, error reporting, and the alarm sub-system. Areas where duplication of effort exists are noted, as are areas where each system could profit from the strengths of the other system. Additionally, areas are pointed out where features are missing from both systems as compared to other state- of-the-art accelerator control systems. A set of specific recommendations is proposed leading in the direction of future integration of these two systems. features ...

  5. Comparative Analysis of Dayside Reconnection Models in Global Magnetosphere Simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Komar, C M; Cassak, P A

    2015-01-01

    We test and compare a number of existing models predicting the location of magnetic reconnection at Earth's dayside magnetopause for various solar wind conditions. We employ robust image processing techniques to determine the locations where each model predicts reconnection to occur. The predictions are then compared to the magnetic separators, the magnetic field lines separating different magnetic topologies. The predictions are tested in distinct high-resolution simulations with interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) clock angles ranging from 30 to 165 degrees in global magnetohydrodynamic simulations using the three-dimensional Block-Adaptive Tree Solarwind Roe-type Upwind Scheme (BATS-R-US) code with a uniform resistivity, although the described techniques can be generally applied to any self-consistent magnetosphere code. Additional simulations are carried out to test location model dependence on IMF strength and dipole tilt. We find that most of the models match large portions of the magnetic separators wh...

  6. Short communication: A comparative analysis of recombinant chymosins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallejo, J A; Ageitos, J M; Poza, M; Villa, T G

    2012-02-01

    The first step in cheesemaking is the milk clotting process, in which ?-caseinolytic enzymes contribute to micelle precipitation. The best enzyme for this purpose is chymosin because of its high degree of specificity toward ?-casein. Although recombinant bovine chymosin is the most frequently used chymosin in the industry, new sources of recombinant chymosin, such as goat, camel, or buffalo, are now available. The present work represents a comparative study of 4 different recombinant chymosins (goat and buffalo chymosins expressed in Pichia pastoris, and bovine and camel chymosin expressed in Aspergillus niger). Recombinant goat chymosin exhibited the best catalytic efficiency compared with the buffalo, bovine, or camel recombinant enzymes. Moreover, recombinant goat chymosin exhibited the best specific proteolytic activity, a wider pH range of action, and a lower glycosylation degree than the other 3 enzymes. In conclusion, we propose that recombinant goat chymosin represents a serious alternative to recombinant bovine chymosin for use in the cheesemaking industry. PMID:22281325

  7. Tourism Expenditures of Taiwanese and Slovenes: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Slak Valek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Slovenia and Taiwan have many similarities. Both countries havea mountainous landscape, seaside, countryside and two majorbig cities. In 2011 the average annual income was 28,500 usd inTaiwan, but slightly higher in Slovenia at 29,500 usd. The averagemonthly net earnings amounted to 1,328 usd in Slovenia and1,541 usd in Taiwan over the same period. Both countries areemerging tourism destinations; 6,087,484 arrivals were recordedon entry into Taiwan in 2011 compared to 3,218,000 tourist arrivalsregistered in tourist accommodation in Slovenia for the sameperiod. Based on the similarities between these countries the presentstudy was designed to compare expenditures of outbound touristsdeparting from Slovenia and Taiwan.

  8. Comparative analysis of graphite oxidation behaviour based on microstructure

    OpenAIRE

    Badenhorst, Heinrich; Focke, Walter Wilhelm

    2013-01-01

    Two unidentified powdered graphite samples, from a natural and a synthetic origin respectively, were examined. These materials are intended for use in nuclear applications, but have an unknown treatment history since they are considered proprietary. In order to establish a baseline for comparison, the samples were compared to two commercial flake natural graphite samples with varying impurity levels. The samples were characterized by conventional techniques such as powder X-ra...

  9. Comparative Analysis of Routine Laboratory Diagnostic Tests for Rabies

    OpenAIRE

    Kadam, S. S.; Sherikar, A. A.; Pingale, V. S.

    2011-01-01

    Present study was undertaken to compare various routine laboratory diagnostic tests for rabies detection. Seller’s staining, mouse inoculation test (MIT), Dot-ELISA, Agar gel precipitation test (AGPT) and counter immunoelectrophoresis test (CIET) were the main basic tests performed in the laboratory for the rabies diagnosis. Out of 200 brain specimens, Negri bodies were observed in 52 brain samples by Seller’s staining. Rabies virus was isolated in 56 samples by intra-cerebral inoculation...

  10. Comparative analysis of drought resistance genes in Arabidopsis and rice

    OpenAIRE

    Trijatmiko, K. R.

    2005-01-01

    Keywords: rice, Arabidopsis, drought, genetic mapping,microarray, transcription factor, AP2/ERF, SHINE, wax, stomata, comparative genetics, activation tagging, Ac/Ds, En/IThis thesis describes the use of genomics information and tools from Arabidopsis and rice to understand the mechanisms controlling drought resistance. Genetic mapping in a rice population revealed that around 30% of variation for grain yield under drought was controlled by a locus close to the dwarfing gene responsible for t...

  11. Extreme storm surges: a comparative study of frequency analysis approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdi, Y.; Bardet, L.; -m Duluc, C.; Rebour, V.

    2014-01-01

    In France, nuclear facilities were designed to very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, exceptional climatic events have given rise to surges much larger than observations (outliers) and had clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the present work is to conduct a comparative study of three approaches including the Annual Maxima (AM), the Peaks-Over ...

  12. Hospital profitability and capital structure: a comparative analysis.

    OpenAIRE

    Valvona, J.; Sloan, F. A.

    1988-01-01

    This article compares the financial performance of hospitals by ownership type and of five publicly traded hospital companies with other industries, using such indicators as profit margins, return on equity (ROE) and total capitalization, and debt-to-equity ratios. We also examine stock returns to investors for the five hospital companies versus other industries, as well as the relative roles of debt and equity in new financing. Investor-owned hospitals had substantially greater margins and R...

  13. Endoscopic versus external approach dacryocystorhinostomy: A comparative analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Rinki; Sinha, Anuradha; Phukan, Jyoti Prakash

    2013-01-01

    Background: Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) consists of creating a lacrimal drainage pathway to the nasal cavity to restore permanent drainage of previously obstructed excreting system. Aim: To compare the result and advantages of both endonasal endoscopic and external DCR regarding the patency rate, patient compliance and complications. Study Design: Prospective non-randomized comparative study. Materials and Methods: Study was conducted for 16 months duration in a teaching hospital with 50 cases of endoscopic and 30 cases of external DCR with a follow-up of minimum 6 months. Data regarding surgical outcome and complications were analysed and compared using ?2 test. Results: Total 72 patients were included in the study with six having bilateral involvement, out of which 20 were male and 52 were female. The mean age for endoscopic and external DCR was 33.6 years and 46.0 years, respectively. Right eye (63.8%) was involved more commonly than left eye (36.2%). Epiphora was the commonest presenting symptom (63.7%). Mean duration of surgery was much lengthier in external (mean 119.6 minutes) than endoscopic (mean 49.0 minutes) DCR. Bleeding was the most common immediate postoperative complication seen in 33.3% and 10.0% of external and endoscopic DCR cases, respectively. Primary surgical success rate was 90% and 96.7% for endoscopic and external DCR, respectively (P = 0.046). Among the endoscopic DCR group, four patients underwent revision surgery giving a total successful surgical outcome of 98% at third month of follow-up. However, at 6 month of follow-up, success rate was 92% for endoscopic DCR and 93.3% for external DCR. The difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.609). Conclusion: Intranasal endoscopic DCR is a simple, minimally invasive, day care procedure and had comparable result with conventional external DCR. PMID:23901178

  14. Comparative analysis of harmonized forest area stimates for European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seebach, Lucia Maria; Strobl, P.

    2011-01-01

    Harmonized forest area information provides an important basis for environmental modelling and policy-making at both national and international levels. Traditionally, this information has been provided by national forest inventory statistics but is now increasingly complemented with remote sensing tools. Reliability and harmonization of both sources are important aspects to ensure comparability and to enable the development of international forest scenarios. Initiatives with the purpose of harmonization of forest area for both sources are currently ongoing. Nevertheless, all forest area estimates contain uncertainties, which must be quantified and included in the error budget. This is a prerequisite for combining and comparing data. The purpose of this study is to compare, taking into account uncertainties, forest area estimates for year 2000 derived from four different harmonized satellite-based maps, covering Europe with recognized official forest statistics. It was found that the major cause of disagreements between official statistics and map-derived forest area originates from the general issue of accounting for land cover instead of land use. Consequently, CORINE land cover results had the best accordance with official statistics due to its focus on land use. The other maps overestimated the forest area in mountainous countries and showed underestimation in countries with large forest area or open forest formations.

  15. Rural water supply and related services in developing countries — Comparative analysis of several approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajard, Y.; Draper, M.; Viens, P.

    1981-05-01

    The proposed paper deals with a comparative analysis of several approaches possible and actually used for a joint action of local institutions and foreign aid in the field of water supply and related services such as sanitation to villages and small rural agglomerations (market towns, etc.) in developing countries. This comparative analysis is based on examples of actual programmes in this field. The authors have participated in most of the programmes selected as examples, at various levels and in various capacities, from conception to design, implementation and/or evaluation (i.e. rural development programmes in Ivory Coast, Ghana (upper region), Benin and Ethiopia. The authors were not involved in other examples such as water supply and/or sanitation to small urban centres in Benin, Ivory Coast, etc. They have, however, witnessed them directly and have obtained, therefore, first-hand information on their organization, execution and results. Several typical examples of actual projects are briefly defined and characterized. The paper undertakes, then, to compare, in a clinical fashion, the advantages and drawbacks of the approaches taken in the various examples presented. The paper finally proposes a recommendation for a realistic approach to joint action between local/domestic and foreign financing/assistance agencies and executing bodies (consultants, contractors) in the field of rural water supply, sanitation, and more generally, health improvement. The definition of this line of approach is made in terms of logical framework, i.e. goals, purposes, outputs and inputs at the various stages of the project, up to actual evaluation of execution and impact if possible; description of practical indicators of the two types of evaluation. A particular attention is given to the problems of technological choices, in view of the constraints imposed by the natural environment, by the human and social patterns; in view also of the institutions and the economy. Another point of importance taken into consideration by the paper is the problem of information, education, and support to users for the introduction, implementation, operation and maintenance of technical developments at village level. Conclusions are drawn as to the relative advantages of this approach over the "classical" approach and its replicability.

  16. Can Money Buy Happiness? A Statistical Analysis of Predictors for User Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Ben; Perret, Robert

    2011-01-01

    2007 data from LibQUAL+[TM] and the ACRL Library Trends and Statistics database were analyzed to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between library expenditures and usage statistics and library patron satisfaction across 73 universities. The results show that users of larger, better funded libraries have higher…

  17. Mobile User Behavior Pattern Analysis by Associated Tree in Web Service Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohbey, Krishna K.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile devices are the most important equipment for accessing various kinds of services. These services are accessed using wireless signals, the same used for mobile calls. Today mobile services provide a fast and excellent way to access all kinds of information via mobile phones. Mobile service providers are interested to know the access behavior pattern of the users from different locations at different timings. In this paper, we have introduced an associated tree for analyzing user behavior patterns while moving from one location to another. We have used four different parameters, namely user, location, dwell time, and services. These parameters provide stronger frequent accessing patterns by matching joins. These generated patterns are valuable for improving web services, recommending new services, and predicting useful services for individuals or groups of users. In addition, an experimental evaluation has been conducted on simulated data. Finally, performance of the proposed approach has been measured in terms of efficiency and scalability. The proposed approach produces excellent results.

  18. Comparative Phylogenetic Analysis of E6 and E7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta Daf*, Lingaraja Jena, Satish Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Simultaneous phylogenetic analysis of E6 and E7 proteins of 42 different HPV strains was carried out indetail. Both E6 and E7 proteins of different HPV strains consistently showed evolutionary divergence intotwo major distinct lineages. While E6 protein was further differentiated into 7 smaller lineages, E7differentiated into 8 lineages. Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA results revealed their amino acid profilesdemonstrated conserved lineage-specific substitutions independently. Dendrogram topologies of E6 andE7 proteins among different HPV strains were very similar which showed that in most of the strains ofHPV, both the proteins were evolved in a similar manner. Also, similar phylogenetic profiles among differentHPV types having fully / highly conserved residues were observed, suggesting possible functional similaritiesamong different strains. Completion of evolutionary analysis of the E6 and E7 proteins of 42 HPV strainsrevealed co-dependent evolution of genes with some variations.

  19. Measuring service quality and a comparative analysis in airline industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mehdi Izadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of services in airline industry plays an important role in market penetration and customer retention. In this paper, we present a factor analysis to find important factors in Iranian Airline industry. The study designs a questionnaire consist of 35 questions and distribute it among 200 customers who regularly use services from 16 different airlines and they are investigated based on the implementation of factor analysis. The results of our survey determines seven important factors including physical features of the environment, Kettering, Pre-flight passenger services, Ability to respond, Reliability, Passenger service flight and Virtual Passenger Services. The paper discusses that improving these seven factors can significantly improve service quality in this sector.

  20. Comparing Distributions of Environmental Outcomes for Regulatory Environmental Justice Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Sheriff

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Economists have long been interested in measuring distributional impacts of policy interventions. As environmental justice (EJ emerged as an ethical issue in the 1970s, the academic literature has provided statistical analyses of the incidence and causes of various environmental outcomes as they relate to race, income, and other demographic variables. In the context of regulatory impacts, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding what information is relevant for EJ analysis, and how best to present it. This paper helps frame the discussion by suggesting a set of questions fundamental to regulatory EJ analysis, reviewing past approaches to quantifying distributional equity, and discussing the potential for adapting existing tools to the regulatory context.