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Factor analysis of the transcultural self-efficacy tool (TSET).  

Science.gov (United States)

he factor structure of the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool (TSET) was analyzed using data from 272 culturally diverse undergraduate nursing students. The TSET is a questionnaire designed to measure students' confidence for performing general transcultural nursing skills among diverse client populations. Using the most recent imputation techniques for missing data, researchers demonstrate how common exploratory factor analysis (CEFA)--(as opposed to principal components analysis)--can (and should be) used in examining the factorial composition of the tool. Standard errors for factor loadings were computed and utilized in deciding whether a given item loaded significantly on a factor and whether the difference between the factor loadings of two or more items on the same factor were statistically significant. The CEFA, comprised of 69 of the 83 items, yielded four factors--"Knowledge and Understanding'," "Interview," "Awareness, Acceptance, and Appreciation," and "Recognition"--with internal consistency ranging from .94 to .98. Reliability of the total instrument was .99. It was concluded that the present CEFA study continues to support that the TSET assesses the multidimensional nature of transcultural self-efficacy while also differentiating between three types of learning: cognitive, practical, and affective. The benefits of this support allow the researcher/ educator to move beyond mere assessment to the design, implementation, and evaluation of diagnostic-prescriptive teaching strategies for cultural competence education. PMID:20806653

Jeffreys, Marianne R; Dogan, Enis

2010-01-01

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Adaptación transcultural de la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino / Cross cultural adaptation of condom uses self-efficacy scale  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo principal: adaptar culturalmente la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino, determinando su fiabilidad y validez para la investigación en el contexto cubano. Metodología: diseño transversal con metodología exploratoria en una muestra de 38 estudiantes de enfermería en [...] tre 17 y 42 años de edad. Resultados: el Alpha Cronbach para la escala total fue de 0,78 y el Índice de Correlación Interclase fue de 0,73. Conclusiones: la escala es confiable y válida para medir el uso del condón masculino en el contexto cubano. Abstract in english Objective: The purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate a Spanish version of the Condom Uses Self Efficacy Scale, and to determine its reliability and validity for use in cross-cultural research among Cuban populations. Methods: A cross- sectional design an exploratory survey methodology was used i [...] n 38 nursing students between 17 and 41 years old. Results: The Alpha Coefficient for the total scale was 0,78. The interclass correlation coefficient to measure scale's stability over time was 0,73 (test-retest two weeks). Conclusions: Findings support that Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale is a reliable and valid scale in measuring condom self-efficacy among Cuban persons.

Hernández Cortina, Abdul; López Rebolledo, Miladis.

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Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a comprehensive summary of the topic written by one of its pioneers. The site provides a definition of self-efficacy, characteristics of efficacious people, and a description of how self-efficacy can be developed or undermined. The author describes self-efficacy in social, family and school settings and in various stages of life. There is also a short bibliography.

Bandura, Albert; University, Stanford

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The impact of reading self-efficacy and task value on reading comprehension scores in different item formats  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It has been hypothesized that students with low self-ef?cacy will struggle with complex reading tasks in assessment situations. In this study we examined whether perceived reading self-ef?cacy and reading task value uniquely predicted reading comprehension scores in two different item formats in a sample of ?fth-grade students. Results showed that, after controlling for variance associated with word reading ability, listening comprehension, and nonverbal ability through hierarchical mul...

2011-01-01

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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do "Harris Hip Score modificado por Byrd" / Translation and transcultural adaptation of the modified Harris Hip Score  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: As artroscopias do quadril têm sido utilizadas tanto para fins diagnósticos, como para fins terapêuticos, fazendo parte do arsenal rotineiro dos cirurgiões do quadril. Devido a necessidade de avaliação dos resultados artroscópicos, Byrd propôs a modificação do "Harris Hip Score", realizand [...] o a avaliação da dor e função. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o protocolo de avaliação do "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd, utilizado nas artroscopias do quadril. MÉTODO: O método utilizado constituiu em: 1) tradução inicial, 2) retrotradução, 3) pré - teste e 4) teste definitivo. RESULTADOS: A versão em português foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecções do quadril para verificar o nível de compreensão do protocolo. Foram realizadas mudanças e substituições de termos e expressões que não foram entendidas pelos pacientes durante o pré-teste e realizada a versão final em consenso. Novamente a versão final do questionário foi aplicada com 100% de entendimento pelos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: disponibiliza-se assim a versão final em português do questionário "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd. A validação desta versão já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Hip arthroscopy has been used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, and it is part of the daily arsenal of hip surgeons. Due to the need for arthroscopic evaluation of the results, Byrd proposed a modification of the Harris Hip Score by assessing pain and function. This study ai [...] med to translate and cross-culturally adapt the evaluation protocol of the modified Harris Hip Score used in hip arthroscopies. METHOD: The method used consisted of: 1) an initial translation, 2) a back translation, 3) a pre-test and 4) a final test. RESULTS: The Portuguese version was used with 30 patients with hip disorders to determine the level of comprehension of the protocol. Expressions which were not understood by patients during the pre-test were modified or replaced, and the final version was obtained by consensus. The final version of the questionnaire was used once again, with 100% understanding by patients. CONCLUSION: Thus we arrived at the final Portuguese version of the modified Harris Hip Score questionnaire. Verification of the validity of this version is already in progress.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Thiago Leonardi, Azuaga; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Lucia Emi, Ueno; Nilza Aparecida Almeida De, Carvalho.

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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do "Harris Hip Score modificado por Byrd" Translation and transcultural adaptation of the modified Harris Hip Score  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: As artroscopias do quadril têm sido utilizadas tanto para fins diagnósticos, como para fins terapêuticos, fazendo parte do arsenal rotineiro dos cirurgiões do quadril. Devido a necessidade de avaliação dos resultados artroscópicos, Byrd propôs a modificação do "Harris Hip Score", realizando a avaliação da dor e função. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o protocolo de avaliação do "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd, utilizado nas artroscopias do quadril. MÉTODO: O método utilizado constituiu em: 1 tradução inicial, 2 retrotradução, 3 pré - teste e 4 teste definitivo. RESULTADOS: A versão em português foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecções do quadril para verificar o nível de compreensão do protocolo. Foram realizadas mudanças e substituições de termos e expressões que não foram entendidas pelos pacientes durante o pré-teste e realizada a versão final em consenso. Novamente a versão final do questionário foi aplicada com 100% de entendimento pelos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: disponibiliza-se assim a versão final em português do questionário "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd. A validação desta versão já está em desenvolvimento.OBJECTIVE: Hip arthroscopy has been used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, and it is part of the daily arsenal of hip surgeons. Due to the need for arthroscopic evaluation of the results, Byrd proposed a modification of the Harris Hip Score by assessing pain and function. This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the evaluation protocol of the modified Harris Hip Score used in hip arthroscopies. METHOD: The method used consisted of: 1 an initial translation, 2 a back translation, 3 a pre-test and 4 a final test. RESULTS: The Portuguese version was used with 30 patients with hip disorders to determine the level of comprehension of the protocol. Expressions which were not understood by patients during the pre-test were modified or replaced, and the final version was obtained by consensus. The final version of the questionnaire was used once again, with 100% understanding by patients. CONCLUSION: Thus we arrived at the final Portuguese version of the modified Harris Hip Score questionnaire. Verification of the validity of this version is already in progress.

Rodrigo Pereira Guimarães

2010-01-01

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/ Nursing Activities Score (NAS): adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa / Nursing Activities Score (NAS): adaptación transcultural y validación para el portugués  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo teve como objetivos adaptar para o português e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Nursing Activities Score (NAS), instrumento de medida de carga de trabalho de enfermagem em UTI. Após o processo de adaptação cultural, o NAS foi aplicado em uma amostra de 200 pacientes adultos internad [...] os em UTIs. A análise da consistência interna pelo coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach revelou que o NAS possui 23 medidas independentes que não comportam consolidação ou redução. A avaliação da confiabilidade interobservadores demonstrou alta concordância (99,8%) e índice Kappa médio de 0,99. A validade concorrente foi demonstrada pela correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o TISS-28 e o NAS (r=0,67; p Abstract in spanish El estudio tuvo como objetivos adaptar al portugués y evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de el Nursing Activities Score (NAS), un instrumento para medir la carga de trabajo de enfermería en UCI. Tras el proceso de adaptación cultural, el NAS se aplicó a una muestra de 200 pacientes adultos ingres [...] ados en las UCIs. El análisis de consistencia interna por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach reveló que el NAS cuenta con 23 medidas independientes que no permiten consolidación o reducción. La evaluación de la fiabilidad interobservador mostró alta concordancia (99,8%) y el índice Kappa media de 0,99. La validez concurrente se demostró por la correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el TISS-28 y NAS (r=0,67, p Abstract in english The study aimed to adapt to the Portuguese language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS), an instrument for measuring the nursing workload in ICUs. After the process of cross-cultural adaptation, the NAS was applied to a sample of 200 adult ICU patients. [...] The analysis of internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient revealed that the NAS has 23 independent measures that do not allow for either consolidation or reduction. Assessment of inter-rater reliability showed high concordance level (99.8%) and a Kappa index average of 0.99. The concurrent validity was demonstrated by statistically significant correlation between the TISS-28 and NAS (r=0.67, p

Alda Ferreira, Queijo; Kátia Grillo, Padilha.

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Path analysis of self-efficacy and diving performance revisited.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Feltz (1982) path analysis of the relationship between diving efficacy and performance showed that, over trials, past performance was a stronger predictor than self-efficacy of performance. Bandura (1997) criticized the study as statistically "overcontrolling" for past performance by using raw past performance scores along with self-efficacy as predictors of performance. He suggests residualizing past performance by regressing the raw scores on self-efficacy and entering them into the model to remove prior contributions of self-efficacy imbedded in past performance scores. To resolve this controversy, we reanalyzed the Feltz data using three statistical models: raw past performance, residual past performance, and a method that residualizes past performance and self-efficacy. Results revealed that self-efficacy was a stronger predictor of performance in both residualized models than in the raw past performance model. Furthermore, the influence of past performance on future performance was weaker when the residualized methods were conducted. PMID:18648112

Feltz, Deborah L; Chow, Graig M; Hepler, Teri J

2008-06-01

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Brief Psychometric Analysis of the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides preliminary analysis of reliability and validity of scores on the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale, which was designed to assess teacher perceptions of self-efficacy of students aged 8 to 17 years. (Contains 3 tables.)

Erford, Bradley T.; Duncan, Kelly; Savin-Murphy, Janet

2010-01-01

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Integration of Electronic Communication in Higher Education: Contributions of Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined relationships between faculty computer self-efficacy and integration of electronic communication when teaching. Results showed computer self-efficacy scores differed on age, gender, college, integration, and computer experience. Recommends faculty development efforts to increase self-efficacy by providing hands-on experiences…

Kagima, Leah Keino; Hausafus, Cheryl O.

2000-01-01

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Correlates of self-efficacy among rural smokers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited research exists regarding self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking > or =10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking history, and psychosocial variables (e.g. motivation, depression). Among the 750 participants, lower self-efficacy was correlated with high depression scores, shorter previous abstinence, lower autonomous motivation, younger age, higher nicotine dependence, readiness to quit, and being female. Future studies should examine the potential to improve self-efficacy by addressing depression and autonomous motivation. PMID:18420774

Berg, Carla J; Sanderson Cox, Lisa; Mahnken, Jonathan D; Greiner, K Allen; Ellerbeck, Edward F

2008-04-01

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Autonomous Motivation as a Critical Factor in Self-Efficacy among Rural Smokers  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited attention has been given to self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking ? 10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking and medical history, social environment, self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, motivation for quitting, and depression. Among the 750 participants, higher self-efficacy was correlated with lower depression scores, longer length of previous abstinence period, higher autonomous motivation, older age, lower nicotine dependence, readiness to quit, and being male. By targeting characteristics associated with self-efficacy, health care providers may be able to better enhance self-efficacy in their efforts to help smokers quit.

Berg, Carla J.; Cox, Lisa Sanderson; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Greiner, K. Allen; Ellerbeck, Edward F.

2010-01-01

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Self efficacy measurement and goal attainment after pulmonary rehabilitation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rachel Garrod, Johanna Marshall, Fiona JonesSchool of Physiotherapy, St George’s, University of London and Kingston University Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, UKBackground: Little is known about self-efficacy in COPD and its role as a mediator of goal attainment after rehabilitation. We hypothesized that higher baseline self efficacy may facilitate goal attainment.Methods: 48 COPD patients completed pulmonary rehabilitation, self-efficacy was measured using the COPD Self Efficacy Scale (CSES. Personal goals were used as self reported outcome. Relationships were evaluated between CSES and St George’s Hospital Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ; depression; using Brief Assessment Schedule Cards (BASDEC, London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale (LCADL and exercise tolerance; using Six-Minute Walking Distance (6MWD and muscle strength.Results: 74 Stable COPD patients, mean FEV1 1.2 (0.6 l, age 68.1 (10.2 years were recruited. 51 patients completed rehabilitation and 48 of those CSES and reported goal attainment. 94 goals were documented. Baseline self efficacy did not differ according to whether goal was achieved or not. Relationships were evident between CSES and SGRQ (r = –0.53, 6MWD (r = 0.36, BASDEC (r = –0.31, LCADL (r = –0.33 (all p ? 0.01, but not FEV1, pack years or muscle strength. There was a significant improvement in CSES scores pre to post rehabilitation, mean difference (95% CI 0. 27 (0.04 to 0.51.Conclusions: Self efficacy, using the CSES, improves with rehabilitation but baseline self efficacy does not appear to influence goal attainment.Keywords: self-efficacy, COPD, pulmonary rehabilitation, goal

Rachel Garrod

2008-11-01

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Examining Elementary Education Pre-Service Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary education pre-service teachers? self-efficacy beliefs by gender, grade level and age. Participants were 163 elementary education pre-service teachers. An instrument titled “Music Education Self-Efficacy Scale” (Afacan, 2008 was used as a means of data collection. Descriptive statistics and t test was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that elementary education pre-service teachers? music education self-efficacy was, in general, moderate. Results revealed that participants? self-efficacy beliefs differ by gender, grade level and age. Women?s self-efficacy beliefs were higher than men. Junior (3rd year students? self-efficacy was higher than sophomores (2nd year. Similarly, self-efficay scores of particiapants with an age of between 22 and 24 was higher than those with an age of between 19–21.

Deniz Beste ÇEV?K

2011-04-01

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Self-efficacy in romantic relationships: prediction of relationship attitudes and outcomes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three studies examine discriminant and predictive validity of a self-report measure of self -efficacy in romantic relationships (Self-Efficacy in Romantic Relationships; SERR). Study 1 indicates SERR scores predict relationship anxiety and expectations of relationship success when general self-efficacy, self-esteem, social desirability, and efficacy beliefs about relating to specific relationship partners are considered. Study 2 indicates SERR scores predict later relationship satisfaction and commitment when relationship type and length are considered. Study 3 indicates that SERR scores predict later relationship outcomes when other self-efficacy indicators are considered. The SERR assesses broad feelings of relationship self-efficacy, independent of specific relationships or partners. PMID:24236377

Riggio, Heidi R; Weiser, Dana A; Valenzuela, Ann Marie; Lui, P Priscilla; Montes, Roberto; Heuer, Julie

2013-01-01

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Evaluating Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Changes among Counselor Educators and Site Supervisors  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of pretest-posttest scores on the Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Instrument (Page & Hulse-Killacky, [Page, B. J., 1999]) following a supervision workshop indicated a significant positive relationship between workshop training and supervisors' feedback self-efficacy in giving corrective feedback. Furthermore, the association…

Motley, Veronica; Reese, Mary Kate; Campos, Peter

2014-01-01

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Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

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Promoting Self-Efficacy in Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers have linked self-efficacy to a wide array of outcomes including psychological adjustment, resilience, physical health, achievement, and self-regulation, among others. In this article, the author describes self-efficacy and the factors that contribute to it, highlights the positive outcomes that self-efficacy leads to, and provides…

Reivich, Karen

2010-01-01

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Hypomania: a transcultural perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the transcultural robustness of a screening instrument for hypomania, the Hypomania Checklist-32, first revised version (HCL-32 R1). It was carried out in 2606 patients from twelve countries in five geographic regions (Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe, South America and East Asia). In addition, GAMIAN Europe contributed data from its members. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine the transregional stability of the measurement properties of the HCL-32 R1, including the influence of sex and age as covariates. Across cultures, a two-factor structure was confirmed: the first factor (F1) reflected the more positive aspects of hypomania (being more active, elated, self-confident, and cogni-tively enhanced); the second factor (F2) reflected the more negative aspects (being irritable, impulsive, careless, more substance use). The measurement properties of the HCL-32 R1 were largely invariant across cultures. Only few items showed transcultural differences in their relation to hypomania as measured by the test. F2 was higher among men and in more severe manic syndromes; F1 was highest in North and East Europe and lowest in South America. The scores decreased slightly with age. The frequency of the 32 items showed remarkable similarities across geographic areas, with two excep-tions: South Europeans had lower symptom frequencies in general and East Europeans higher rates of substance use. These findings support the interna-tional applicability of the HCL-32 R1 as a screening instrument for hypomania.

ANGST, JULES; MEYER, THOMAS D.; ADOLFSSON, ROLF; SKEPPAR, PETER; CARTA, MAURO; BENAZZI, FRANCO; LU, RU-BAND; WU, YI-HSUAN; YANG, HAI-CHEN; YUAN, CHENG-MEI; MORSELLI, PAOLO; BRIEGER, PETER; KATZMANN, JUDITH; TEIXEIRA LEAO, INES ALICE; DEL PORTO, JOSE ALBERTO; HUPFELD MORENO, DORIS; MORENO, RICARDO A.; SOARES, ODEILTON T.; VIETA, EDUARD; GAMMA, ALEX

2010-01-01

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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do instrumento de avaliação do quadril "Harris Hip Score" / Translation and cultural adaptation of the Harris Hip Score into portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O Harris Hip Score é instrumento de avaliação específica, desenvolvido originalmente para avaliar os resultados da artroplastia total de quadril. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar culturalmente este instrumento para a língua portuguesa. MÉTODO: O método de tradução e adaptação [...] cultural do Harris Hip Score envolveu quatro etapas: 1 - tradução inicial; 2 - retrotradução; 3 - apreciação das versões com elaboração da versão de consenso; 4 - pré-teste comentado com elaboração da versão final. RESULTADOS: A versão de consenso foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecção do quadril, sendo verificadas dificuldades no entendimento de algumas expressões, as quais foram substituídas por termos de mais fácil entendimento. Na reaplicação do questionário com a nova versão houve entendimento por 100% dos pacientes no que diz respeito ao sentido semântico, idiomático e contextual. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Harris Hip Score permitiu a disponibilização de mais este instrumento para avaliação da qualidade de vida de pacientes com afecções do quadril. Há necessidade de um estudo de avaliação da confiabilidade e validade da versão adaptada culturalmente, a qual já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Harris Hip Score is a specific evaluation tool, originally developed to assess the results of hip arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Harris Hip Score for the Portuguese language. METHOD: The method of translating and culturally ad [...] apting the Harris Hip Score involved four steps: 1 - initial translation, 2 - back-translation, 3 - evaluation of the pre-final versions with the development of a consensus version, 4 - commented pre-test with development of the final version. RESULTS: The consensus version was applied to thirty patients with hip disorders. Some difficulties were identified in understanding some expressions, which were replaced by more commonly-used expressions. When the questionnaire was re-applied, it was understood by 100% of the patients, in relation to the semantic, idiomatic and conceptual meanings. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Harris Hip Score provides another important tool for assessing quality of life of patients with hip disorders. A further study is currently underway to evaluate the reliability and validity of the culturally adapted version.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Gustavo Bersani, Silva; Simoni Teixeira, Bittar; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Nilza Aparecida Almeida de, Carvalho.

 
 
 
 
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Self-efficacy, coping with stress and goal-orientation in nurse managers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between self-efficacy, coping with stress, and goal-orientation in nurse managers. The results indicated that the self-efficacy scores were significantly correlated with learning goal-orientation (r=.37, p.05, helplessness approach (r=-.13, p>.05, social support approach (r=-.01, p>.05, and performance avoid orientation (r=.18, p>.05 was not significant. This study showed a positive meaningful relationship between nurse managers' self-efficacy levels and learning goal orientation and performance-proving orientation. The study provided information related to the variables with self-efficacy of nurse managers. Given the results of this study, it seems important to develop intervention programs to facilitate self-efficacy and goal-orientation and to reduce stress

Melek Kalkan

2011-09-01

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Self-Efficacy and Critical Thinking Dispositions as Predictors of Success in School Practicum  

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Full Text Available A growing body of literature supports the relation between students’ sense of self-efficacy and their academic performance. Similarly, there are studies indicating a relationship between critical thinking dispositions and academic performance. The purpose of the present study is to examine in what degree the teacher candidates’ sense of self-efficacy and critical thinking dispositions predict their success in school practicum course. A total of 104 subjects (23 male, 81 female participated in the study. Data related to teacher candidates’ sense self-efficacy was collected using Teachers’ Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (Çapa, Çak?ro?lu & Sar?kaya, 2005. Teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions were collected using the Turkish version of California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI which was adapted into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003. As for the success in school practicum course, teacher candidates’ grades awarded by their school practicum supervisors were used. Statistically significant correlation was found between the self-efficacy and critical dispositions scores, and between critical thinking disposition scores and school practicum grades of the participants. The results of the regression analysis showed that teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions scores predict their success in school practicum course. However, contrary to the expectations, their senses of self-efficacy scores do not predict their success in the same course.

Gülru Yüksel

2012-04-01

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Writing Anxiety as a Predictor of Writing Self-Efficacy in English for Special Education Arab Learners  

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Full Text Available The study aimed at investigating the relationship between writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English for special education Arab learners of English. It also investigated the use of writing anxiety scores as a predictor of writing self-efficacy. In addition, it explored differences between males and females in both writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English. The sample of the study consisted of 90 intermediate school students in the state of Kuwait (47 males and 43 females; the mean age was 8.67 years and the standard deviation was 2.4 years. The descriptive research design was adopted in the study. The researchers used writing anxiety scale, writing self-efficacy scale and an achievement test in English writing skills. Results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between students’ writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy for male students and the overall sample while no relationship was detected among these variables for female students. In addition, results revealed that writing anxiety scores could be used as a predictor of students’ writing self-efficacy in English for male students and the overall sample of the study whereas writing anxiety scores could not be used as a predictor of writing self-efficacy for female students. It was found that there were no statistically significant differences between male and female students in their scores of writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English Language.

Ashraf Atta M. S. Salem

2014-05-01

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An Analysis on the Effect of Computer Self-Efficacy over Scientific Research Self-Efficacy and Information Literacy Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Present research investigates reciprocal relations amidst computer self-efficacy, scientific research and information literacy self-efficacy. Research findings have demonstrated that according to standardized regression coefficients, computer self-efficacy has a positive effect on information literacy self-efficacy. Likewise it has been detected…

Tuncer, Murat

2013-01-01

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Depression and smoking cessation: the role of motivation and self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this paper is to examine whether depression, assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory, is related to smoking cessation motivation and self-efficacy. In a population sample of 1,547 Finnish men and 1,856 Finnish women, aged between 25-64 years, there were 34% male and 21% female current smokers. The current smokers had higher mean depression scores than former or never smokers. The higher depression scores were related to greater motivation to quit smoking among female smokers [OR = 1.51 (1.15-1.97)]. In addition, higher depression scores were related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy, especially among male smokers [OR = .63 (.45-.90)]. Depression scores were not related to whether a smoker had had previous cessation attempts. Our results suggest that depression is related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy while smokers with higher depression scores seem to be more motivated to quit smoking. PMID:10795958

Haukkala, A; Uutela, A; Vartiainen, E; McAlister, A; Knekt, P

2000-01-01

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SELF EFFICACY OF TEACHERS OF SECONDARY EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study presents a research of self efficacy of teachers of secondary education in the Trnava region in Slovakia. Research was realised in the year 2013 and its main objective was description and comparison of the level of self efficacy of teachers according to gender, length of practice and the type of school they teach at. The results of the research document the high self efficacy of the participating respondents, indicating a relatively high conviction of teachers about their professional competence.

Lívia Fenyvesiová

2013-10-01

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Student information literacy: psychometric validation of a self-efficacy report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychometric characteristics of the Student Information Literacy Self-efficacy Report based on responses from 498 students ages 9 to 12 years are reported. Students report their self-efficacy (confidence and difficulty) in 11 different phases of being information literate, i.e., developing a topic, planning, self-management, locating sources, selecting sources, retrieving information, analysing information, evaluating information, synthesising knowledge, presenting knowledge, and self-evaluation using a positively packed rating scale. The data were strongly internally consistent (Cronbach alpha=.95) with a test-retest reliability of .78. The 11 phases, factors measured by a matching pair of self-efficacy questions, were confirmed (chi2=529.68; df= 198; RMSEA =.058; TLI=.940). Ratings were correlated low with teachers' ratings and test scores of information literacy skills and moderately correlated with academic self-concept. The test provides unique information about students' self-efficacy for information literacy. Its use in classrooms is warranted. PMID:16173376

Brown, Gavin T L

2005-06-01

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ACTIVE STRATEGIES DURING INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE TEACHER EDUCATION TO IMPROVE LONG-TERM TEACHER SELF-EFFICACY  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Teacher development aimed at increasing the use of inquiry based methods in schools is an important way to reach science learning goals. To this end, the EC has promoted inquiry based science teaching (IBST) within the Seventh Framework Program (FP7). One dimension, typically absent from the FP7 products, is the personal capacity belief of self- efficacy which has been shown to be important to personal behavioral change. The purpose of this research was to develop and test a model of teacher professional development (TPD) which adds specific elements for altering teacher self-efficacies to existing FP7 IBST products. This model was tested for its usefulness in increasing participant self-efficacy as evidenced by short and long term quantitative measures as well as by evaluation of long terminquiry lessons. Workshops to promote IBST were conducted in five different countries. Each workshop included strategies for increasing participantâ??s self-efficacies. Pre and post assessments showed consistently improved personal self-efficacy scores in all of the workshops. In addition, and unlike other long-term studies of teachers, these self-efficacy scores did not significantly diminish over six months. The promotion of self-efficacy in TPD provides a consistent way of evaluating the impact of IBST workshops through the use of changes in self-efficacy.

Evans, Robert Harry

2012-01-01

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Interprofessional clinical training improves self-efficacy of health care students  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Interprofessional collaboration potentially enhances patient safety and satisfaction, and reduces tensions and conflicts among health care professionals. Such collaboration is challenging, however, because health care professionals lack sufficient knowledge of other professional roles and competences to engage in fruitful interprofessional teamwork. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an interprofessional training program on studentsâ?? self-efficacy in interprofessional collaboration. Methods: The study was designed as a quasi-experiment with an intervention group (239 students) and a comparison group (405 students). The intervention was provided by an interprofessional clinical study unit (ICS) and included students from nursing, medicine, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, laboratory technology and radiography. Self-efficacy data were collected through web-based questionnaires completed before and after the studentsâ?? clinical training. Results: In the simple statistical analysis, all four self-efficacy scores for the ICS group improved over time although one score (Q4) change did not reach statistical significance (p=0.08). After adjustment for profession, gender, baseline difference between the two groups and the score change for the comparison group, the ICS groupâ??s self-efficacy score gain remained statistically significant. Conclusion: The study showed that interprofessional training improved studentsâ?? perception of self-efficacy more than traditional clinical training.

Nørgaard, Birgitte; Draborg, Eva

2013-01-01

30

When functional capacity and real-world functioning converge: the role of self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although functional capacity is typically diminished, there is substantial heterogeneity in functional outcomes in schizophrenia. Motivational factors likely play a significant role in bridging the capacity-to-functioning gap. Self-efficacy theory suggests that although some individuals may have the capacity to perform functional behaviors, they may or may not have confidence they can successfully perform these behaviors in real-world settings. We hypothesized that the relationship between functional capacity and real-world functioning would be moderated by the individual's self-efficacy in a sample of 97 middle-aged and older adults with schizophrenia (mean age = 50.9 ± 6.5 years). Functional capacity was measured using the Brief UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment (UPSA-B), self-efficacy with the Revised Self-Efficacy Scale, and Daily Functioning via the Specific Level of Functioning (SLOF) scale and self-report measures. Results indicated that when self-efficacy was low, the relationship between UPSA-B and SLOF scores was not significant (P = .727). However, when self efficacy was high, UPSA-B scores were significantly related to SLOF scores (P = .020). Similar results were observed for self-reported social and work functioning. These results suggest that motivational processes (ie, self-efficacy) may aid in understanding why some individuals have the capacity to function well but do not translate this capacity into real-world functioning. Furthermore, while improvement in capacity may be necessary for improved functioning in this population, it may not be sufficient when motivation is absent. PMID:22328642

Cardenas, Veronica; Abel, Stephanie; Bowie, Christopher R; Tiznado, Denisse; Depp, Colin A; Patterson, Thomas L; Jeste, Dilip V; Mausbach, Brent T

2013-07-01

31

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

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Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

32

Validity testing of the Long-Term Medication Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is an important determinant of health behavior that can be targeted for intervention. Little effort has been given to the development of valid measures for self-efficacy with medication taking for adherence research. The purpose of this study was to determine the criterion validity of the Long-Term Medication Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale (LTMBSES). Individual patient data from 6 existing adherence studies in transplant, hyperlipidemia, and AIDS/HIV patients (n = 1021) were pooled. Validity was determined by assessing the relation between the LTMBSES score and medication adherence--both self-reported and electronically monitored. A weak relationship was found between the LTMBSES score and adherence, which can possibly be attributed to a ceiling effect, caused by a too homogeneous population and/or a failure of the scale to challenge patients. Generalized Estimating Equations revealed that the total average self-efficacy score predicted reported medication adherence (p < .0001). The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve revealed the area under the curve was 0.67, indicating a significant (p < .0001), but poor predictive capability. Evidence for criterion validity of the Long-Term Medication Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale is not yet convincing. Future research should focus on: (1) validation in a population with a more heterogenous level of adherence, and (2) making the scale more challenging by referring to "always taking the medication without exception." PMID:15633781

Denhaerynck, Kris; Abraham, Ivo; Gourley, Greta; Drent, Gerda; De Vleeschouwer, Peter; Papajcik, Doreen; Lince, Elaine; De Geest, Sabina

2003-01-01

33

Effects of a Nursing Intervention on Improving Self-Efficacy and Reducing Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases  

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Full Text Available Background & Aim: Patients adherence to medical recommendations requires new and effective strategies. Promoting self-efficacy is considered as an important measurement to help patients to participate in their own treatment protocol. This study was conducted to determine the effect of a nursing intervention on improving self-efficacy and reducing cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cardiovascular diseases in a public hospital in Urmia. Methods & Materials: In this single group before/after study, 81 patients with at least two cardiovascular adjustable risk factors were recruited. The self-efficacy intervention was presented to the patients and one of their family members. The self-efficacy was scored before, immediately and one month after the intervention. The Cardiovascular risk factors were measured before and one year after the intervention. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA with repeated measures, paired t-tests, and McNemar test were used to analyze data. Results: Overall self-efficacy scores and its sub-groups were significantly improved after one month. There were significant differences in the mean BMI, HDL, LDL, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and weight before and one year after the intervention. The number of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia were significantly decreased one year after the intervention. However, there were not significant differences in the number of overweight patients and patients with hypertension before and after the intervention. Conclusion: Results showed that our intervention to improve self-efficacy had positive effect on the overall self-efficacy score and the scores of its subgroups. Our intervention was also effective in controlling cardiovascular risk factors and in reducing the frequency of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia. It seems that combination of medical orders with self-efficacy improving interventions on patients and their families are influential in controlling cardiovascular risk factors.   Key words: cardiovascular risk factors, self-efficacy, nursing intervention

E Baljani

2011-02-01

34

Self-Efficacy and green entrepreneurship  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study is to investigate empirically the extent to which self-efficacy contributes to the development of green entrepreneurial intention. The measurement constructs of self-efficacy were classified into market opportunities, innovative environment, initiating relationships, defining purpose, coping with challenges, and developing human resources. The study comprises 252 usable convenient samples through structured questionnaires. The coefficient of determination R2 shows that the variance of intention to entrepreneurship is explained by the variance of the independent variables. It was also found that the model is fit for prediction.

2013-06-17

35

Self-Efficacy and green entrepreneurship  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study is to investigate empirically the extent to which self-efficacy contributes to the development of green entrepreneurial intention. The measurement constructs of self-efficacy were classified into market opportunities, innovative environment, initiating relationships, defining purpose, coping with challenges, and developing human resources. The study comprises 252 usable convenient samples through structured questionnaires. The coefficient of determination R2 shows that the variance of intention to entrepreneurship is explained by the variance of the independent variables. It was also found that the model is fit for prediction.

Tan, K. L.; Suhaida, S.; Leong, Y. P.

2013-06-01

36

Krachtige leeromgeving: relatie met self-efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

DOEL. De laatste jaren zijn er nieuwe vormen van praktijkleren ontwikkeld binnen verpleegkundige opleidingen. Het doel van deze studie is onderzoeken of stage lopen binnen een krachtige leeromgeving leidt tot een sterkere ontwikkeling van ervaren self-efficacy bij hbo-verpleegkundestudenten dan stage lopen in een reguliere omgeving.

2012-01-01

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Examining Dimensions of Self-Efficacy for Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

A multifactor perspective on writing self-efficacy was examined in 2 studies. Three factors were proposed--self-efficacy for writing ideation, writing conventions, and writing self-regulation--and a scale constructed to reflect these factors. In Study 1, middle school students (N = 697) completed the Self-Efficacy for Writing Scale (SEWS), along…

Bruning, Roger; Dempsey, Michael; Kauffman, Douglas F.; McKim, Courtney; Zumbrunn, Sharon

2013-01-01

38

The Interface between EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy Concerning Listening Comprehension and Listening Proficiency  

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Full Text Available Since the focus of education has shifted from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in recent decades, a growing body of research in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. It should be pointed out that one of the important factors affecting test scores is test takers’ characteristics. Therefore, the present study concentrated on one of these individual differences; namely self-efficacy. To narrow down the focus of investigation, this study aimed at exploring the role of EFL learner's self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension in their listening test performance. Hence, the main research question addressed by the present study was ‘Are there any relationships between EFL learners’ self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension and listening proficiency?’ A group of 61 freshmen undergraduate learners of English consented to participate in the present study. Data on the learners’ self-efficacy were collected through an author-designed questionnaire. The listening proficiency was quantified and extracted based on the students’ answers to a listening test performance titled as 'Listening Diagnostic Pre-test' adopted from paper-based Longman TOEFL(2001, pp.3-6. The results of statistical analyses indicated that listening comprehension self- efficacy was significantly related to listening proficiency.

Ali RAHIMI

2009-04-01

39

The Music Education Self Efficacy Scale  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to develop a valid and reliable scale which will be able to asses the level of self efficacy about music education of Turkish primary school student teachers. The scale, composed of 23 questions and prepared in 5 point likert scale, was applied to 137 primary school student teachers who were 3rd and 4th grades of Ahi Evran University Education Faculty Department of Primary Education in 2006-2007 academic year. The data was analised by SPSS software programme. After the factor analysis, 4 questions were taken out of the scale. There were 11 positive questions and 8 negative questions at “The Music Education Self Efficacy Scale”. Cronbach Alfa internal integrity of the scale was found to be 0.8410.

?enol AFACAN

2008-04-01

40

Memory Self-efficacy after Stroke  

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Memory deficits occur frequently after stroke. In general, functional recovery of these deficits is hard to achieve. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effectiveness of a Memory Self-efficacy training for patients after chronic stroke. 153 Patients were included and radomized between a MSE-training program and a control peer support group. Patients under 65 years of age improved significantly on MSE and psychological quality of life after the experimental MSE-training in comparison t...

Aben, L.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Hypomania: a transcultural perspective  

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This study examined the transcultural robustness of a screening instrument for hypomania, the Hypomania Checklist-32, first revised version (HCL-32 R1). It was carried out in 2606 patients from twelve countries in five geographic regions (Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe, South America and East Asia). In addition, GAMIAN Europe contributed data from its members. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine the transregional stability of the measurem...

Angst, Jules; Meyer, Thomas D.; Adolfsson, Rolf; Skeppar, Peter; Carta, Mauro; Benazzi, Franco; Lu, Ru-band; Wu, Yi-hsuan; Yang, Hai-chen; Yuan, Cheng-mei; Morselli, Paolo; Brieger, Peter; Katzmann, Judith; Teixeira Lea?o, Ines Alice; Del Porto, Jose? Alberto

2010-01-01

42

Correlates of self-efficacy for condom use among male clients of female sex workers in tijuana, Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana, Mexico engage in high levels of unprotected sex. While behavioral change theories posit that self-efficacy predicts condom use, correlates of self-efficacy for condom use remain largely unstudied. We examined these correlates among male clients of FSWs in Tijuana. Eligible male clients were at least 18 years of age, HIV-negative, lived in Tijuana or San Diego, reported unprotected sex with a Tijuana FSW at least once in the past 4 months, and agreed to be treated for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire including demographics, substance use, psychosocial and psychosexual characteristics (e.g., outcome expectancies for negotiation of safer sex, social support, and sexual sensation seeking), and sexual behaviors. Participants also underwent HIV/STI testing. A stepwise hierarchical multiple regression analysis identified correlates of self-efficacy for condom use. Of 393 male clients, median age was 37 years. Participants were mostly Spanish-speaking and employed. Factors independently associated with higher self-efficacy for condom use were higher positive outcome expectancies for negotiation of safer sex, lower sexual sensation seeking scores, and higher social support scores. Both psychosocial and psychosexual factors may influence self-efficacy for condom use among male clients of FSWs. These factors represent central constructs in sociocognitive models that explain behavioral change and could be intervention targets for improving self-efficacy for condom use and, ultimately, safer sex behavior. PMID:23842786

Volkmann, Tyson; Wagner, Karla D; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Semple, Shirley J; Ompad, Danielle C; Chavarin, Claudia V; Patterson, Thomas L

2014-05-01

43

The development of self-efficacy and self-esteem in pharmacy students based on experiential education  

Science.gov (United States)

This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as pharmacists upon graduation. A quantitative survey, which includes two standardized instruments, the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), was administered to students at five schools of pharmacy in the northeast United States, resulting in a total of 399 responses. The findings confirm the significance of paid experiences and increased levels of a student's self-efficacy in a pharmacy setting. The other finding was related to ethnicity where the Asian/Pacific Islander students showed lower self-efficacy than other ethnic groups, which may be due to a cultural difference in displaying traits of high self-efficacy. Self-esteem also showed a positive finding for students with paid experiences and students who were older. There was an ethnicity finding where Asian/Pacific Islanders scored lower on the self-esteem scale, while the African-Americans scored higher than all the other groups. The results show that students improve their levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem through extended practical experiences. Schools should provide structured experiences of a sufficient length, beyond the present 300 hours, to prepare students for their transition into a professional role. Educators should be aware of the difference in Asian/Pacific Islander culture and encourage students to demonstrate their self-efficacy and self-esteem so other professionals can recognize them for their attributes.

Yorra, Mark L.

44

Covariates of Self-Efficacy: Caregiver Characteristics Related to Mental Health Services Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasingly, professionals are recognizing the need to involve parents and other caregivers in the mental health treatment of children. However, parents and caregivers may not feel efficacious when participating in mental health care. Self-efficacy is a mechanism of human agency that describes people's beliefs about their capabilities to exercise…

Reich, S.; Bickman, L.; Heflinger, C. A.

2004-01-01

45

Relationship between self-efficacy and Organizational Commitment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self efficacy, a social cognitive construct which refines a person’s belief in his/her ability to perform specific tasks, is considered to be a reliable predictor of organisational commitment. Studies have examined self efficacy and organisational commitment separately. However the relationship between these two constructs has largely remained unexplored. Objective of this study, therefore, is to examine the relationship between self efficacy and organizational commitment through an analy...

2012-01-01

46

Self efficacy measurement and goal attainment after pulmonary rehabilitation  

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Rachel Garrod, Johanna Marshall, Fiona JonesSchool of Physiotherapy, St George’s, University of London and Kingston University Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, UKBackground: Little is known about self-efficacy in COPD and its role as a mediator of goal attainment after rehabilitation. We hypothesized that higher baseline self efficacy may facilitate goal attainment.Methods: 48 COPD patients completed pulmonary rehabilitation, self-efficacy was measured using the COPD Self Eff...

Rachel Garrod; Johanna Marshall; Fiona Jones

2008-01-01

47

Self-efficacy in Second/Foreign Language Learning Contexts  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study reviews the empirical literature of self-efficacy, a central component of social cognitive theory, in the area of second language learning by focusing on two research questions: first, to what extent, has self-efficacy, as a predicting variable, has been explored in the field of second language learning? Second, what factors affect learners’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning a foreign/second language? On addressing the research questions, 32 art...

Saeid Raoofi; Bee Hoon Tan; Swee Heng Chan

2012-01-01

48

Comparison of self-efficacy and its improvement after artificial simulator or live animal model emergency procedure training.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study is to compare post-training self-efficacy between artificial simulators and live animal training for the performance of emergency medical procedures. Volunteer airmen of the 81st Medical Group, without prior medical procedure training, were randomly assigned to two experimental arms consisting of identical lectures and training of diagnostic peritoneal lavage, thoracostomy (chest tube), and cricothyroidotomy on either the TraumaMan (Simulab Corp., Seattle, Washington) artificial simulator or a live pig (Sus scrofa domestica) model. Volunteers were given a postlecture and postskills training assessment of self-efficacy. Twenty-seven volunteers that initially performed artificial simulator training subsequently underwent live animal training and provided assessments comparing both modalities. The results were first, postskills training self-efficacy scores were significantly higher than postlecture scores for either training mode and for all procedures (p < 0.0001). Second, post-training self-efficacy scores were not statistically different between live animal and artificial simulator training for diagnostic peritoneal lavage (p = 0.555), chest tube (p = 0.486), and cricothyroidotomy (p = 0.329). Finally, volunteers undergoing both training modalities indicated preference for live animal training (p < 0.0001). We conclude that artificial simulator and live animal training produce equivalent levels of self-efficacy after initial training, but there is a preference in using a live animal model to achieve those skills. PMID:24594468

Hall, Andrew B; Riojas, Ramon; Sharon, Danny

2014-03-01

49

Evaluation of Primary School Teachers' Technological Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the technological self-efficacy of primary school teachers, and compare their technological efficiencies depending on gender and professional experience variables. The study was quantitative descriptive and survey method was applied to collect data. The data of the study was gathered through personal information questionnaire and “Technology Self-Efficacy Scale”. The results of the research showed that technology self-efficacy beliefs of teacher were in the mid level. In addition, it was found that while technology self-efficacy beliefs of teachers did not differ in gender, but there became a difference depending on their professional experience.

Tuba Gökçek

2013-04-01

50

Investigation of the effect of self-efficacy levels of caregiver family members of the individuals with schizophrenia on burden of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sixty-two individuals with schizophrenia and their families were part of a descriptive study that investigated the effect of self-efficacy levels on the burden of care, using family member caregivers of schizophrenia patients. Data were collected using a questionnaire on the descriptive characteristics of patients and their families, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. The results for caregivers indicated a total mean self-efficacy score of 76.4±17.76 and a total mean of burden of care score of 68.64±18.60. A negative significant relation was discovered by looking at the correlation between the total mean scores (r=-.260, pburden of care decreases with the increasing level of self-efficacy in caregiver family members. PMID:25017564

Durmaz, Hatice; Okanl?, Ay?e

2014-08-01

51

Self-Efficacy in Social Work: Development and Initial Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Social Workers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-efficacy beliefs do not reflect a generic sense of competence, but are instead context-specific. Therefore, self-efficacy should be assessed by using an ad hoc scale measuring individual behaviors that allows social workers to exercise influence over events that affect their work life. The present study describes the development and initial validation of the self-efficacy scale for social workers (SESSW). Items were generated through the Critical Incident Technique. Sixteen social worker...

Monica Pedrazza; Elena Trifiletti; Sabrina Berlanda; Gian Antonio Di Bernardo

2013-01-01

52

Effects of Observational Practice and Gender on the Self-efficacy and Learning of Aiming Skill  

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Full Text Available The purposes of the present investigation were to study the effects of observational model and gender on the learning and self-efficacy of dart throwing skill. Forty eight novice girls and boys from PE classes were divided into two observational and physical practice groups, randomly. In acquisition phase and in retention and transfer tests, they practiced 60 trials and 12 trials, respectively. The results of acquisition phase showed that there was significant main effect of gender and the follow-up results demonstrated that the males had more accurate performance and more self-efficacy score than females (p<0.05. There were no significant differences between observational and physical groups on throwing accuracy and self-efficacy (p>0.05, but the males had more accurate performance than females in retention and transfer phases. In conclusion, observing a model can result in acquiring and learning of a skill as well as the executing a skill because of the role of self-efficacy and observational model is more effective for males than females for learning facilitation.

Mohsen Shafizadeh

2007-01-01

53

Standardization and determination of reliability and validity of abbreviated self- efficacy form of personal globe inventory  

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Full Text Available Abbreviated self-efficacy form of Personal Globe Inventory is a shorter measure that is based on the most comprehensive model of career self-efficacy, and can be very useful for use in research and interventions of career counseling. In order to standardize and determine its reliability and validity, 320 university students of University of Isfahan (137male, 183female were randomly selected and responded to activity preference form and abbreviated self-efficacy form of Personal Globe Inventory. Alpha coefficients showed good internal consistency of 0.8 in its subscales and test-retest coefficients showed good reliability in all its subscales (min=0.71, max=0.87. In relation to vocational interest, all subscales showed good convergent construct and predictive criteria validity. Randomization test supported the structural validity for this measure (CI>0.55,sig=0.02 for Holland’s Model and CI>0.50,sig<0.001 for Tracey’s Model. Normative table of standard T scores was presented. In general, results supported the efficacy of this measure and the validity of Holland’s 6-type, Tracey 8-type, and spherical models in assessment of career self-efficacy. Other findings were discussed.

M. Akbarzadeh

2012-01-01

54

Development and evaluation of the Marijuana Reduction Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

To evaluate several psychometric properties of a questionnaire designed to assess college students' self-efficacy to employ 21 cognitive-behavioral strategies intended to reduce the amount and/or frequency with which they consume marijuana, we recruited 273 marijuana-using students to rate their confidence that they could employ each of the strategies. Examination of frequency counts for each item, principal components analysis, internal consistency reliability, and mean interitem correlation supported retaining all 21 items in a single scale. In support of criterion validity, marijuana use-reduction self-efficacy scores were significantly positively correlated with cross-situational confidence to abstain from marijuana, and significantly negatively correlated with quantity and frequency of marijuana use and marijuana-related problems. In addition, compared with respondents whose use of marijuana either increased or remained stable, self-efficacy was significantly higher among those who had decreased their use of marijuana over the past year. This relatively short and easily administered questionnaire could be used to identify college students who have low self-efficacy to employ specific marijuana reduction strategies and as an outcome measure to evaluate educational and skill-training interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24955675

Davis, Alan K; Osborn, Lawrence A; Leith, Jaclyn; Rosenberg, Harold; Ashrafioun, Lisham; Hawley, Anna; Bannon, Erin E; Jesse, Samantha; Kraus, Shane; Kryszak, Elizabeth; Cross, Nicole; Carhart, Victoria; Baik, Kyoung-Deok

2014-06-01

55

Self-Efficacy and Self-Regulated Learning Strategies for English Language Learners: Comparison between Chinese and German College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Two hundred Chinese and 160 German college students completed two surveys about their self-efficacy beliefs and self-regulated learning (SRL strategies learning English in China and Germany. All participants took an English language test to measure their English proficiency. Cronbach’s alpha was used to check the internal consistency of the surveys, and confirmatory factor analysis was employed for the construct validity. Factorial invariance of the self-efficacy survey was tested between Chinese and German students. Both surveys turned out to be reliable and valid with satisfactory goodness-of-fit indices. The self-efficacy survey was found to have the same latent structure between Chinese and German students. The SRL strategy survey, however, was found to have a different latent structure. Mean differences between Chinese and German students were compared with multivariate analysis of variance, and relationships between self-efficacy, SRL strategies, and English proficiency were examined with structural equation modeling. Chinese students reported a lower level of self-efficacy beliefs but their English proficiency was not significantly different in comparison to German students. Their use of SRL strategies was not significantly different, either. Statistically significant relationships were noted between self-efficacy, use of SRL strategies, and English language test scores. Female students reported higher levels of self-efficacy beliefs but gained lower scores on the English language test in both countries. Implications of the results are discussed for English language instruction in both countries. Future studies are recommended to use the same English language test in two countries and to use a balanced sample between male and female students.

Chuang Wang

2013-01-01

56

Children's Self-Efficacy, Motivational Intentions, and Attributions in Physical Education and Sport.  

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Examined how self-efficacy level influenced children's motivational intentions, future self-efficacy beliefs, and attributions in physical education or sports. Children participating in low or high self-efficacy groups were exposed to a failure scenario. Higher self-efficacy children chose to participate and had higher future self-efficacy. They…

Chase, Melissa A.

2001-01-01

57

Exploring gender differences in leaders' occupational self-efficacy.  

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Purpose – This study focuses on gender differences in the relationship between transformational leadership and leader's occupational self-efficacy. The aim is to explain how female and male leaders develop their self-efficacy. This knowledge is important for leaders as well as organizations (e.g. human resources departments).

2005-01-01

58

Perfectionism and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy  

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This study investigated the relationship between perfectionism and career decision-making self-efficacy. Participants completed the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (R. B. Slaney, K. G. Rice, M. Mobley, J. Trippi, & J. S. Ashby, 2001) and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy-Short Form (N. E. Betz, K. L. Klein, & K. M. Taylor, 1996). Adaptive…

Ganske, Kathryn H.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

2007-01-01

59

Questioning the Utility of Self-Efficacy Measurements for Indians  

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This study examined the influence of academic self-efficacy and social support on the academic success of Indian-American and Caucasian-American undergraduate students. 200 Indian-American and Caucasian-American students completed a demographic form and five surveys. The data showed that academic self-efficacy had a significant effect on college…

Rushi, Purva J.

2007-01-01

60

Research Self-Efficacy, Publication Output, and Early Career Development  

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Purpose: This paper has two aims: to investigate the relationship of self-efficacy beliefs in terms of research on publication output; and, to identify the relationship of self-efficacy beliefs about research to the publishing outputs of neophyte lecturers. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was utilised to obtain responses from…

Hemmings, Brian; Kay, Russell

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates gender differences in computer use among 147 college students. Students completed a questionnaire designed to measure self-efficacy, computer anxiety, computer liking, and computer confidence. Results indicate gender differences in perceived self-efficacy in word processing and spreadsheet software. No gender differences were found in…

Busch, Tor

1995-01-01

62

Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

Gunduz, Bulent

2012-01-01

63

Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy among Latino College Freshmen  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the changes in self-efficacy among Latinos during the freshman year in a highly selective institution. Results indicate that gender differences exist during this period. Males rate themselves high in self-efficacy at the beginning of the year, while females rate themselves low. An interaction effect occurs at the end of the…

Lopez, J. Derek

2014-01-01

64

Further examination of the Self-efficacy Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine further the factorial validity of the Self-efficacy Scale via component and subsequent correlational analyses. 651 undergraduates enrolled in an introductory psychology course voluntarily completed the Self-efficacy Scale and the Bem Sex-role Inventory. A principal component analysis with an orthogonal rotation produced a two-factor solution which was remarkably similar to the factor structures reported previously. The two factors (General Self-efficacy and Social Self-efficacy) accounted for about 34% of the total variance. Further, the correlation coefficients indicated that General Self-efficacy was more strongly related to masculine traits than to feminine traits, as defined by the Bem Sex-role Inventory. PMID:12785628

Choi, Namok

2003-04-01

65

Impact of Self Efficacy on Motivation and Performance of Employees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to perform a meta-analysis which analyses the individual research findings which pertainto the relationship between self-efficacy, employee motivation and work related performance of the employee.From the results of the study it is observed that self-efficacy theory can be applied for work related performancein terms of motivating different employee related facets as well as organizational pursuits. In this study theresearcher has attempted to assess the influence of self-efficacy on the performance of individuals at workplaceand the mechanism by which self-efficacy of an individual determines his/her work related performance andmotivation. Thus, it becomes necessary to identify the practical implications of the outcomes related toimproving employee self-efficacy in order to motivate them and improve their performance.

Jacob Cherian

2013-06-01

66

Witness self-efficacy: development and validation of the construct.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the application of Self-Efficacy Theory (Bandura, 1977, 2000) to many areas of psychology, there is a lack of research on self-efficacy in the ability to testify in court. The present study fills this gap by incrementally developing the construct of Witness Self-Efficacy and establishing its psychometric properties. Study I features exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielding a two-factor Witness Self-Efficacy Scale (WSES). The two components are Poise and Communication Style. Study II uses a second data collection to show that both WSES domains possess convergent, divergent, and predictive validity relations consistent with those expected using an SET framework. Notably, WSES components predicted perceptions of witness credibility and sentencing outcomes above and beyond witness extraversion, general self-efficacy, and general self-confidence. Implications for SET and witness preparation training are discussed. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:20731010

Cramer, Robert J; Neal, Tess M S; DeCoster, Jamie; Brodsky, Stanley L

2010-01-01

67

[Chronic pain and the belief in self-efficacy].  

Science.gov (United States)

The treatment of chronic pain patients includes beliefs, attitudes, values and behavior modifications. Dysfunctional beliefs about pain and management can become the central problem and determine the treatment's outcome. Among the important beliefs for the management of chronic pain, self-efficacy deserves to be highlighted. The concept of self-efficacy, developed by Bandura, is the belief on the individual ability to perform successfully certain tasks or behaviors in order to produce a desired outcome. This study is a critical review of the literature on the belief of self-efficacy related to chronic pain and about the methods to assess self-efficacy. Studies listed in Medline (1992 to 2002), Lilacs and Dedalus (the entire databases) were analyzed. The key words were pain and self-efficacy, dor and auto-eficácia. PMID:17542137

Salvetti, Marina de Góes; Pimenta, Cibele Andrucioli de Mattos

2007-03-01

68

The association between foot-care self efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour in people with peripheral neuropathy: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background People with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy often do not implement the foot-care behavioural strategies that are suggested by many health professionals. The concept of self-efficacy has been shown to be an effective predictor of behaviour in many areas of health. This study investigated the relationships between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs, self-reported foot-care behaviour and history of diabetes-related foot pathology in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation in their feet. Methods Ninety-six participants were included in this cross-sectional study undertaken in a regional city of Australia. All participants had diabetes and clinically diagnosed loss of protective sensation in their feet. The participants completed a self-report pen-paper questionnaire regarding foot-care self efficacy beliefs (the "Foot Care Confidence Scale" and two aspects of actual foot-care behaviour-preventative behaviour and potentially damaging behaviour. Pearson correlation coefficients were then calculated to determine the association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual reported foot-care behaviour. Multiple analysis of variance was undertaken to compare mean self-efficacy and behaviour subscale scores for those with a history of foot pathology, and those that did not. Results A small positive correlation (r = 0.2, p = 0.05 was found between self-efficacy beliefs and preventative behaviour. There was no association between self-efficacy beliefs and potentially damaging behaviour. There was no difference in self-efficacy beliefs in people that had a history of foot pathology compared to those that did not. Conclusion There is little association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour. The usefulness of measuring foot-care self-efficacy beliefs to assess actual self foot-care behaviour using currently available instruments is limited in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation.

Swerissen Hal

2009-02-01

69

Writing Essays: Does Self-Efficacy Matter? The Relationship between Self-Efficacy in Reading and in Writing and Undergraduate Students' Performance in Essay Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy beliefs have been identified as associated with students' academic performance. The present research assessed the relationship between two new self-efficacy scales (self-efficacy in reading [SER] and self-efficacy in writing [SEW]) and students' writing performance on a piece of assessed written coursework. Using data from first and…

Prat-Sala, Merce; Redford, Paul

2012-01-01

70

Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Integration, and the Likelihood of Managerial Retention in Governmental Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

Results based on responses from 679 managers in three governmental agencies confirmed that career-related organizational practices and relationships impacted their staying in the organization. Specifically, managers who scored higher in career decision-making self efficacy, a relatively new variable to the turnover literature, career integration,…

Peterson, Shari

2009-01-01

71

Primary teachers’ and primary pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to compare the primary teachers and pre-service primary teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession in Turkey. Descriptive method was used in the study and the study was carried out on 180 first grade and 107 fourth grade primary pre-service teachers at the Faculty of Education in Rize University and 131 primary teachers working in the primary schools located in Çayeli (Rize district. The Attitude Scale towards Teaching Profession (Özgür, 1994 and the Turkish form of the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale (Balo?lu and Karada?, 2008 were used as data gathering instrument in the study. The study results revealed that the first grade primary pre-service teachers’ scores on the attitudes towards teaching professions were statistically higher than the scores of the fourth grade primary pre-service teachers and of the primary teachers. However, the study results indicated that the teaching self-efficacy scores of the first grade pre-service teachers were statistically lower than the teaching self-efficacy scores of the fourth grade pre-service teachers and primary teachers. On the other hand, the study results showed that females’ attitudes towards teaching profession were higher than the attitudes of their male counterparts whereas self-efficacy scores did not differentiate due to the gender of the primary pre-service teachers and primary teachers. Moreover, the study results indicated that there were not any significant correlation between the self-efficacy and attitudes scores of the pre-service teachers and primary teachers.

Cemalettin ?pek

2012-10-01

72

Role of Self Efficacy Predictors in Nutritional Behaviors of Kerman High School Female Students in 2006-2007 Academic Year  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Enhancing the nutritional condition of teenaged girls can be the most effective and fundamental preventive measure against chronic disease in years ahead. Knowing the predictive factors of behaviors is one the most efficient way of preventive programs in societies, especially in the developing countries. This study was conducted to determine the role of selfefficacy in predicting the dietary behaviors of Kerman high school girls in 2006-2007. Methods: In this correlation study, girl students in Kerman high schools were selected as research population. Based on pilot study, sample size was estimated to be 800 students. Taking into consideration sample drop out, 900 questionnaires were distributed, and 812 were finally analyzed. Data were gathered using research– made questionnaire comprising of 5 parts including general & demographic questions, dietary behaviors, dietary selfefficacy, physical activity and exercise selfefficacy. Data were collected and analyzed following validity and reliability determination. Results: Results indicated that most students (57/4% were 16 years of age or younger, and the obtained total scores in the dietary behavior and related self- efficacy was 66% and 61%, respectively. The results of the multiple regression model showed that besides dietary selfefficacy, factors including level of fathers education, assessment of the family status in comparison with others from the student’s point of view, importance of safe and healthy food consumption, right of choosing desired foods, number of meals served with family, and mother’s occupation were among the predictive factors of dietary behavior. Conclusion: The results have confirmed the role of selfefficacy concepts, according to Pender’s model as a health promoting behavior. Therefore, increased selfefficacy methods such adverbial stimulation and good model offer can be used as one of the health behaviors promotion factors

AA Haghdoost

2008-10-01

73

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76{+-}11.20, 90.55{+-}8.59, 80.58{+-}11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55{+-}9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as {gamma} = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships.

Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2007-06-15

74

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as ? = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships

2007-06-01

75

Effect of resistance training on body composition, self-efficacy, depression, and activity in postpartum women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the effect of resistance training (RT) in 60 healthy postpartum women. Participants were randomized to 18 weeks of RT or an active comparison group (flexibility training). RT and flexibility training (FT) exercises were completed twice-weekly based on the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. Study outcomes included muscular strength, body composition (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), exercise self-efficacy, depressive symptoms [Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)], and physical activity (accelerometery). For completers (n = 44), the RT group showed greater strength gains than the FT group, respectively (bench press: +36% vs +8%, P exercise self-efficacy (F = 5.33, P = 0.026). For CES-D score, the RT group decreased (F = 4.61, P = 0.016), while the FT group did not; however, the group × time interaction in CES-D score was not significant (F = 1.33, P = 0.255). Sedentary time decreased (F = 5.27, P = 0.027) and light-intensity activity time increased (F = 5.55, P = 0.023) more in the RT than FT group. Intent-to-treat analyses did not alter the results. Twice-weekly RT increases strength and may be associated with better exercise self-efficacy and improved physical activity outcomes compared with FT in postpartum women. PMID:22738284

LeCheminant, J D; Hinman, T; Pratt, K B; Earl, N; Bailey, B W; Thackeray, R; Tucker, L A

2014-04-01

76

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Breastfeeding, Tehran, Iran  

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Full Text Available Background & Aim: Breastfeeding is the most cost-effective, health-promoting, and disease-preventing activity that new mothers can perform. Many researches have focused on identifying factors that influence breastfeeding initiation and duration. An important and modifiable factor is the perceived self-efficacy of mothers for breast feedings. It refers to a mother's perceived ability to breastfeed her newborn; and is a dominant variable in the duration of breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between self-efficacy and breastfeeding. Methods & Materials: A descriptive, longitudinal, analytic approach was used in this study. The three-part questionnaire was administered to the eligible pregnant women (437 pregnant women who were at least in 37 weeks of gestation and intended to breastfeed. They were then contacted again at one and four months postpartum to determine their infants' feeding level and method. The questionnaire was re-administered to the participants at that time. Results: The results showed that 80.4 percent of participants had exclusive breastfeeding during one month. There was no significant relationship between antenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy and the breastfeeding. The self-efficacy was significantly related to breastfeeding outcomes at one month. Mothers with high self-efficacy were significantly more likely to breastfed their babies exclusively at one and four months postpartum than the mothers with low self-efficacy. Conclusion: Maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy is significantly related to breastfeeding duration and level. Measuring breastfeeding self-efficacy not only identifies high risk mothers, but also provides important information to health care providers in providing support to new mothers.   Key words: breastfeeding, pregnant women, self-efficacy

Sh Varaei (MSc.

2009-10-01

77

Influence of Self-Efficacy on Compliance to Workplace Exercise  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Continuous neck and shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Physical exercise can reduce pain symptoms, but compliance to exercise is a challenge. Exercise-specific self-efficacy has been found to be a predictor of participation in preplanned exercise. Little is known about the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to workplace physical exercise. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to specific strength exercises during working hours for laboratory technicians. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized controlled trial, including laboratory technicians from two industrial production units in Copenhagen, Denmark. The participants were randomized to supervised specific strength exercises for the neck and shoulder muscles for 20 minutes three times a week (n¿=¿282) or to a reference group (n¿=¿255). The participants answered baseline and follow-up questions regarding self-efficacy and registered all exercises in a diary. RESULTS: Overall compliance to exercises was 45 %. Compliance in company A (private sector) differed significantly between the three self-efficacy groups after 20 weeks. The odds ratio of compliance was 2.37 for moderate versus low self-efficacy, and 2.93 for high versus low self-efficacy. No significant difference was found in company B (public sector) or in the intervention group as a whole. CONCLUSION: We did not find self-efficacy to be a general statistically significant predictor of compliance to exercises during 20 weeks, but found self-efficacy to be a predictor of compliance in a private sector setting. Workplace-specific differences might be present and should be taken into account.

Pedersen, Mette Merete; Zebis, Mette Kreutzfeldt

2012-01-01

78

Self-Efficacy in Social Work: Development and Initial Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Social Workers  

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Full Text Available Self-efficacy beliefs do not reflect a generic sense of competence, but are instead context-specific. Therefore, self-efficacy should be assessed by using an ad hoc scale measuring individual behaviors that allows social workers to exercise influence over events that affect their work life. The present study describes the development and initial validation of the self-efficacy scale for social workers (SESSW. Items were generated through the Critical Incident Technique. Sixteen social workers with at least 10 years of service participated in two focus groups; they were asked to recall critical incidents in their work and to indicate the most effective behaviors to manage the incidents. Content analysis of the focus group transcripts provided 13 key self-efficacy beliefs. The 13-item scale was validated with a sample of 805 social workers. Data were analyzed using a split-sample technique. Exploratory factor analysis on the first split sample (n = 402 revealed three dimensions of self-efficacy, corresponding to emotion regulation, support request, and procedural self-efficacy. The three-factor structure of the scale was further confirmed with confirmatory factor analysis on the second split sample (n = 403. Our results show that SESSW is an adequate instrument for assessment of self-efficacy beliefs in social work.

Monica Pedrazza

2013-09-01

79

Science self-efficacy of African American middle school students: Relationship to motivation self-beliefs, achievement, gender, and gender orientation  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation researchers have established that students' self-efficacy beliefs, the confidence they have in their academic capabilities, are related to academic outcomes. Self-efficacy has been amply researched in mathematics and language arts and nearly exclusively with White students. African American students and the area of science have each received scant attention. Typically, gender differences favor boys in mathematics and girls in language arts. Researchers have also found that these differences may be a function of gender orientation beliefs. The purpose of this study was to extend findings in science self-efficacy and to African American middle school students. I sought to determine whether self-efficacy assessed at differing levels of specificity (lab skills versus science grades) would each predict science achievement assessed at corresponding levels, to discover whether mean scores in academic motivation and achievement would differ by gender, and to determine whether these differences are a function of gender orientation (N = 268). Science grade self-efficacy was positively associated with the grades obtained by boys and by girls. For girls, grades were also associated positively with science self-concept and negatively with value of science. For reasons resulting from problematic instructional practices, lab skills self-efficacy was not associated with lab grades. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy and received higher grades in science class. Gender orientation beliefs did not account for these differences, but masculinity and femininity were each associated with science grade self-efficacy, suggesting that androgyny is an adaptive orientation for the science self-efficacy beliefs of African American students. Findings are interpreted within the framework of A. Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari Lynn

80

Self-efficacy feelings moderate implementation intention effects  

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Self-efficacy was analyzed as a potential moderator of implementation intention effects on goal attainment. Participants' self-efficacy with respect to taking an analytic reasoning test (Advanced Progressive Matrices; Raven, 1976) was manipulated before they formed the goal to perform well. Next, all participants learned about double checking as an effective strategy to improve test performance, but only in the implementation intention condition did they put this strategy into an if-then plan...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Childbirth self-efficacy inventory in Tanzania : a pilot study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background. To give birth can be a stressful experience and women cope with thisstress in many different ways and have different personal outcomes. Self-efficacy orconfidence in ability to cope with labour can be considered as an important factoraffecting pregnant women’s motivation of normal childbirth and their interpretation ofthe childbirth event.The aim. The purpose of this study was to test the Chinese short form of theinstrument Childbirth self-efficacy instrument (CBSEI) in Tanzania...

Bjo?rk, Eleonora; Thorildsson, Mari

2007-01-01

82

Impact of Self Efficacy on Motivation and Performance of Employees  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to perform a meta-analysis which analyses the individual research findings which pertainto the relationship between self-efficacy, employee motivation and work related performance of the employee.From the results of the study it is observed that self-efficacy theory can be applied for work related performancein terms of motivating different employee related facets as well as organizational pursuits. In this study theresearcher has attempted ...

2013-01-01

83

Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' : translation and psychometric properties  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; 26; 615-623 Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale': translation and psychometric properties The aim of the study was to translate 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' (CSES) into Danish and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Danish version (CSES-DK). CSES enables assessment of self-efficacy in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The scale consists of 34 items, describing situations which may cause dyspnoea in patients with COPD. The CSES was translated into Danish using a standard forward-backward translation procedure. To estimate the reliability, measurements of internal consistency and repeatability were applied. The validity of the Danish version was evaluated by examining the associations between the CSES-DK score and socio-demographic variables (age, gender, education, disease severity and self-rated health). Factor analysis was conducted to compare the internal structure of the Danish version and the American source version. The studyincluded 151 patients with COPD, recruited from three outpatient clinics. Estimates of reliability were in accordance with the original version of CSES (Cronbach's a = 0.97, test-retest r = 0.82, p

Emme, Christina; Mortensen, Erik L

2012-01-01

84

Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostate cancer is the most frequently non-skin cancer diagnosed among men. Diagnosis, a significant burden, generates many challenges which impact on emotional adjustment and so warrants further investigation. Most studies to date however, have been carried out at or post treatment with an emphasis on functional quality of life outcomes. Men recently diagnosed with localised prostate cancer (N = 89) attending a Rapid Access Prostate Clinic to discuss treatment options completed self report questionnaires on stress, self-efficacy, and mood. Information on age and disease status was gathered from hospital records. Self-efficacy and stress together explained more than half of the variance on anxiety and depression. Self-efficacy explained variance on all 6 emotional domains of the POMS (ranging from 5–25%) with high scores linked to good emotional adjustment. Perceived global and cancer specific stress also explained variance on the 6 emotional domains of the POMS (8–31%) with high stress linked to poor mood. These findings extend understanding of the role of efficacy beliefs and stress appraisal in predicting emotional adjustment in men at diagnosis and identify those at risk for poor adaptation at this time. Such identification may lead to more effective patient management.

Curtis, Ruth; Groarke, AnnMarie; Sullivan, Frank

2014-01-01

85

Malay Secondary School Students’ Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Descriptive Study  

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Full Text Available As the influential factors affecting intention to become an entrepreneur, entrepreneurial attitude orientation and self-efficacy of students have been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship research. However, there is not enough information on secondary school students’ attitude toward and efficacy of entrepreneurship particularly, in Malaysia. Through a descriptive approach, this study aimed to determine entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in order to evaluate the entrepreneurship inclination and potential among Malaysian secondary school students. A sample of 2,574 students was randomly selected from three states around Malaysia as the participants of this study. A set of questionnaire was developed based on previous researches to measure students’ entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy. The findings indicate that Malay students have a moderately high attitude toward entrepreneurship. More specifically, the students scored high in self-esteem cognition and achievement cognition but low in self-esteem behavior and self-esteem affect. Moreover, the students perceived themselves as moderately capable of establishing new ventures. The implication of the findings and areas for future researches are discussed.

Z.A. Lope Pihie

2011-01-01

86

Impact of Journaling on Students’ Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control  

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Full Text Available While considerable research has examined the academic and cognitive value of journaling, little has examined the psychological impact of journaling on the personal development of college students. Research on cognitive-behavioral therapy indicates that journaling can have a positive impact on individuals’ self-growth and intrapersonal characteristics. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of classroom-based journaling on students’ self-efficacy and locus of control. Students in two undergraduate courses were required to complete weekly journal assignments; one class received targeted information on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT and one class did not. Students completed pre-, mid-, and post-course assessments on self-efficacy, locus of control, and learning. Results revealed that self-efficacy scores for both groups significantly improved after the early journaling assignments; however, there were no differences between those who received direct CBT instruction and those who did not. These findings indicate that journaling may have important psychological benefits above and beyond its expected academic and cognitive outcomes.

Krista K. Fritson

2008-08-01

87

Who Cares about Others?: Empathic Self-Efficacy as an Antecedent to Prosocial Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies tested associations among self-efficacy and prosocial behavior. In Study 1 we measured academic self-efficacy, emotional self-efficacy and self-reported prosocial behavior. The study showed that academic but not emotional self-efficacy was positively correlated with prosocial behavior. Study 1 included only self-oriented emotions, and…

Eklund, Jakob; Loeb, Carina; Hansen, Eric M.; Andersson-Wallin, Ann-Charlotte

2012-01-01

88

Human and Social Capital Development for Self Efficacy of University Graduates: Bases for Development of Society  

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Full Text Available The study investigated perceptions of students and employers about the development of human and social capital in terms of intellectual development skills, personal development skills, professional development skills, and social development skills for self efficacy of university graduates. How students and employers were viewing the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates; which areas of development skills were relatively stronger; and which sectors of industry or discipline of study were more satisfied or worried about were the questions answered in the study. Students of 4 public and 4 private universities and managers of 65 companies from 12 sectors of industry listed with Lahore Stock Exchange constituted the sample. Data were collected through an adopted, 30-item survey scale which was found reliable at 0.930 Cronbach's alpha. Mean scores and correlations were calculated for the four sub-scales. One-Sample t-test, Independent samples t-test, and one-way ANOA were employed for significance and variance analysis. The study concluded that students and employers were not fully satisfied with the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates. Intellectual development skills got the highest position whereas personal development skills were found at the lowest position. Professional and social development skills were found in the middle. This situation reflects performance of universities below standards and speaks of under utilization of their potential for contributing to the development of society. Serious initiative for the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates was the major recommendation.

Shoukat Ali Raza

2011-08-01

89

Sources of science self-efficacy beliefs of middle school students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree to which A. Bandura's ([1997]) hypothesized sources of self-efficacy predict the science self-efficacy beliefs of middle school students (N = 319), to replicate previous findings that science self-efficacy predicts science achievement, and to explore how science self-efficacy and its antecedents differ by gender. Significant correlations were found between mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, social persuasions, physiological arousal, and self-efficacy. Only mastery experiences significantly predicted science self-efficacy. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy than did boys. Findings support and extend the theoretical tenets of Bandura's social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari L.; Pajares, Frank

2006-05-01

90

Self-Efficacy and Postpartum Depression Teaching Behaviors of Hospital-Based Perinatal Nurses  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based upon the Self-Efficacy Theory, this study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, self-efficacy-related variables, and postpartum depression teaching behaviors of hospital-based perinatal nurses. Findings revealed that teaching new mothers about postpartum depression is related to a perinatal nurse's self-efficacy in postpartum-depression teaching, self-esteem, and the following self-efficacy-related variables: social persuasion (supervisor's expectations for teaching); mastery...

Logsdon, M. Cynthia; Foltz, Melissa Pinto; Scheetz, James; Myers, John A.

2010-01-01

91

A program to support self-efficacy among athletes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a proprietary program for increasing self-efficacy among track and field athletes through vicarious experience and successful control over excitation and to determine the changes in the cognitive dimensions related to self-efficacy: dispositional optimism, hope of success and locus of control. An experimental two-group design with a pre-test and a post-test in the experimental and control groups was used. Forty-two athletes (29 women and 13 men) aged 17 to 24 years randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups took part in the study. The General Scale of Self-Efficacy, Hope for Success Questionnaire, Life Orientation Test Revised, and Internal-External Locus of Control Scale were used. The study's results indicate that the program was effective. Participants in the intervention group demonstrated a substantial increase in self-efficacy (P?=?0.001). This was not observed in the control group (P?=?0.732). After the completion of the program, athletes in the intervention group had significantly higher levels of self-efficacy (P?=?0.001) and optimism (P?=?0.017). They also had more internal locus of control compared to the control group (P?=?0.001). Contrary to expectations, athletes in the intervention group demonstrated a substantially lower level of propensity in pathways (P?=?0.001) as well as in agency (P?=?0.001) (both components of the hope for success). PMID:24118561

Zagórska, A; Guszkowska, M

2014-06-01

92

Predicting of perceived self efficacy in the amount of macronutrients intake in women with metabolic syndrome - 2012  

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Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is a collection of metabolic disorders, which can increase the mortality rates from 20% to 80%. One of strategies to control the disease is the attention to the dietary habits. Compliance with proper diet is one of the major challenges in the management of this syndrome. Due to this fact, that the patient is responsible for the adjustment of the daily diet, it is important to identify the factors affecting the adoption of nutritional self-care. Besides, self-efficacy is considered as an important pre-requisite for this behavior because it acts as an independent part of the basic skills. This study was carried out with the purpose of determining the predictive role of perceived self-efficacy on macronutrients intake in women with metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study with correlational nature in 2012, there were 329 patients with the metabolic syndrome. The patients were covered by Isfahan oil industry medical centers and selected by a systematic method. In order to gather information on perceived self-efficacy, the questionnaires constructed by the researchers were used and the validity and reliability had been confirmed by the calculation of content validity indexand content validity ratio values and the indices of internal consistency and stability of the tool. The 24-h dietary recall questionnaire was also used for 3 days in order to investigate the nutritional behavior. The obtained data from the dietary recall questionnaire were analyzed by the N4 nutritional software. In this study, AMOS software version 16 was used for the structural model fitting by using the generalized least squares method besides the SPSS statistical software version 16. Results: These averages obtained from the results: 2512.37 kcal energy intake, 70.95 g protein, 420 g carbohydrates and 61.61 g of fat per day. The mean of perceived self-efficacy score was 47.89. The Pearson correlation coefficient was indicated a significant inverse relationship between the perceived self-efficacy and intake of macronutrients in the metabolic syndrome. The most direct effect of the coefficient of perceived self-efficacy was observed on fat and carbohydrate intake (P < 0.05 and ? = ?0.592) and (P < 0.05 and ? = ?0.395). Conclusions: The amount of energy, carbohydrate, fat and protein were more than the recommended dietary allowances levels and the amount of self-efficacy was moderate. The present study showed that perceived self-efficacy provided a useful framework to understand and predict adherence to dietary self-care behaviors in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Mohebi, Siamak; Azadbakht, Leila; Feizi, Avat; Sharifirad, Gholamreza; Hozori, Mohammad

2014-01-01

93

Research and Teaching: Engaging Students - An Examination of the Effects of Teaching Strategies on Self-Efficacy and Course Climate in a Nonmajors Physics Course  

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Given the success of self-efficacy theory for predicting student success in scientific study, and the demonstrated effect that teaching approaches have on student self-efficacy in majors courses, the purpose of this study is to ask if similar relationships between pedagogy and self-efficacy exist in introductory science courses for non-physical science majors. In particular, this study proposes to identify which, if any, teaching approaches affect student self-efficacy in physics, and to identify the sources of efficacy through which those pedagogies have their effect. An additional goal of the study is to probe the relationship among teaching approaches, course climate, and student confidence. A three-part student survey instrument was developed to gather information about the course, physics self-efficacy, and demographics. Demographic information included math background, ACT score, GPA, race/ethnicity, age, sex, and major. Question and answer, collaborative learning, conceptual problems, electronic applications, and inquiry labs were found to make significant, unique contributions to self-efficacy and/or classroom climate.

Fencl, Heidi S.; Scheel, Karen R.

2012-01-20

94

Comparación intergeneracional del machismo sexual y conductas de autoeficacia / Intergenerational Comparison of Sexual Machismo and Self-efficacy Behaviors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presente investigación tomó como marco de referencia la teoría de la autoeficacia de Bandura, la clasificación en cuatro grupos generacionales (silenciosos, baby boomers, X, milenio) con base en los planteamientos de Bickel y Brown, (2005); Sánchez (2008), así como la definición de machismo de Ca [...] stañeda (2002, 2007). Lo anterior para dar respuesta a los objetivos de evaluar diferencias entre grupos generacionales en las variables autoeficacia en el uso del condón, autoeficacia para evitar conductas de riesgo y machismo, y establecer las diferencias dentro de cada grupo generacional. Se evaluó a un total de 565 personas. Los principales resultados reflejan que las variables de autoeficacia muestran un mayor puntaje conforme avanzan las generaciones, observando que las generaciones más jóvenes presentan mayor autoeficacia. En cuanto al machismo, se encontró nivel equivalente entre la generación milenio y la X, así como entre la generación milenio y los baby boomers. Se discuten los resultados en su utilidad para establecer programas de prevención. Abstract in english This research took as a framework the self-efficacy theory of Bandura, the classification into four generational groups (Silent, Baby-Boomers, X and Millennium)based on the approach of Bickel and Brown, (2005); Sanchez (2008), and others cited by them; and the definition of machismo by Castañeda (20 [...] 02, 2007). This in order to respond to the proposed objectives of find differences between generational groups on self-efficacy in condom use, self-efficacy to avoid risky behaviors and machismo, and establish differences within each age group. The analysis was made with 565 persons. The main result show that self-efficacy variables show a higher score as the generation progress, noting that younger generations have higher self-efficacy. As for sexism, equivalent score was found between Millennium and X generation and among the Millennium and Baby-Boomers. Results are discussed in its utility to establish prevention programs.

Cecilia Lourdes, Díaz-Rodríguez; Mónica Teresa, González Ramírez.

95

The effect of self-talk in learning the volleyball service skill and self-efficacy improvement.  

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Full Text Available In this study the effect of self-talk on learning the volleyball service skill was examined and also the self-efficacy improvement. Participants were 57 female players 13 years old (mean age =12.83, SD=0.97 with two years experience (?=1.99, SD=0.67. Prior to the beginning of the program, participants were randomly assigned into two groups: a. the instructional self-talk group (ISTG, n = 28 and b. the control (traditional group (CG, n = 29. All athletes followed a four-week practice program, aiming at overhand service skill learning and self-efficacy improvement. The program consisted of two practice units (60 min per week. Participants of ISTG were taught to use the self-talk (for technique loud before they performed the service drills. The control group received traditional feedback, that is, knowledge of performance and knowledge of results provided by the instructor. Service performance was assessed by videotaped evaluations in five basic elements of skill. There were three measurement periods for field test: pre-, post- and retention tests (one week after post-test. ANOVA repeated measures revealed significant interaction between groups and measures. There was also significant interaction between groups and self-efficacy scores. The results indicated that participants of the ISTG had better scores in the final measurement than the control group, when technique was evaluated and improved also their self-efficacy. In conclusion the Self-talk helps female volleyball athletes to improve performance and learning of overhand service skill and to improve also their self-efficacy. This study adds some useful elements to practitioners and how they used self-talk in the practice.

Eleni Zetou

2013-02-01

96

Abstinence self-efficacy in people with severe mental illness.  

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To validate the Brief Situational Confidence Questionniare (BSCQ) with people diagnosed with severe mental illness (N=129), we examined the associations between abstinence self-efficacy (BSCQ) and alcohol consumption level (within the previous 6months), drug use, and problems related to substance use while controlling for key symptoms of major mental illness and motives for alcohol use (Drinking Motives Questionnaire). Regression models revealed that abstinence self-efficacy was a significant predictor of all three substance use measures suggesting that, even when controlling for psychiatric symptoms and substance use motives, abstinence self-efficacy accounts for unique variance in alcohol use, drug use, and related problems. This study is limited by the cross sectional design and lack of structured diagnostic interviewing. PMID:23357468

O'Hare, Thomas; Shen, Ce

2013-07-01

97

Is a strong sense of self-efficacy always beneficial?  

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Full Text Available The concept of self-efficacy, introduced by Albert Bandura, has received a lot of attention in psychological research. This comes as no surprise, as it encompasses a person's beliefs about his or her capabilities to successfully do what is necessary for desired goals, which is a central mechanism in human agency. The concept has been linked to many outcomes (e.g. motivation and performance, almost exclusively yielding positive results. Recently, however, arguments have risen that a strong sense of selfefficacy may not always be as beneficial as presumed until now. In this article, I review the core of the positive literature on self-efficacy and highlight studies that question and oppose the dominance of these positive self-efficacy associations. Implications for future research, emphasizing the need of a different research approach, are mentioned.

Thomas VERHAEREN

2012-01-01

98

English Language Teachers’ Knowledge and their Self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available The present research aims at exploring the relationship between novice English teachers' knowledge and their self-efficacy. A teacher knowledge test and an efficacy questionnaire were administered to 55 novice English teachers. The data were gathered from male and female novice teachers teaching at language institutes in Tehran with ages between 20 and 25. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between English Teachers Knowledge Test (TKT and their self-efficacy. The results are discussed in the light of previous findings.

Azadeh Zakeri

2011-03-01

99

Academic procrastination, emotional intelligence, academic self-efficacy, and GPA: a comparison between students with and without learning disabilities.  

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Academic procrastination has been seen as an impediment to students' academic success. Research findings suggest that it is related to lower levels of self-regulated learning and academic self-efficacy and associated with higher levels of anxiety, stress, and illness. Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to assess, regulate, and utilize emotions and has been found to be associated with academic self-efficacy and a variety of better outcomes, including academic performance. Students with learning disabilities (LD) are well acquainted with academic difficulty and maladaptive academic behavior. In comparison to students without LD, they exhibit high levels of learned helplessness, including diminished persistence, lower academic expectations, and negative affect. This study examined the relationships among academic procrastination, EI, and academic performance as mediated by academic self-efficacy in 287 LD and non-LD students. Results indicated that the indirect effect of EI on academic procrastination and GPA was stronger in LD students than in non-LD students. In addition, results indicated that LD students scored lower than non-LD students on both EI and academic self-efficacy and higher on academic procrastination. No difference was found in GPA. PMID:22442254

Hen, Meirav; Goroshit, Marina

2014-01-01

100

The Relation among Candidate Teachers' Computer Self-Efficacies, Attitudes towards the Internet and Achievements in a Computer Course  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among computer self efficacy perception level and attitude towards the Internet with achievement of candidate teachers. Candidate teachers studying in educational faculties are chosen for the universe. The sample determined by appropriate sampling method includes total 342 candidate teachers, 34.80 % (n=119 from Cyprus International University (CIU, 38.30 % (n=131 from Adnan Menderes University (ADU and 26.90 % (n=92 from Istanbul University (IU. The data were collected through Perception of Computer Self Efficacy Scale, developed by A?kar ve Umay (2001, and Attitude Towards Internet Scale developed by Tav?anc?l and Keser (2001. In addition to these scales, candidate teachers’ achievement scores were obtained from student affairs. For the analysis of the data frequency, mean, t-test, F-test (ANOVA, and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient were used. Significance level was taken as .05. As a result, it was found that the university in which the students studied is effective on computer self-efficacy, attitude towards the Internet and achievement in computer course. Gender is effective only on achievement in computer course. Also, it was determined that there is a significant correlation among computer self-efficacy, attitude towards the Internet and achievement in computer course.

Asuman Seda SARACALO?LU2

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
101

Outcome expectancy and self-efficacy: theoretical implications of an unresolved contradiction.  

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According to self-efficacy theory, self-efficacy--defined as perceived capability to perform a behavior--causally influences expected outcomes of behavior, but not vice versa. However, research has shown that expected outcomes causally influence self-efficacy judgments, and some authors have argued that this relationship invalidates self-efficacy theory. Bandura has rebutted those arguments saying that self-efficacy judgments are not invalidated when influenced by expected outcomes. This article focuses on a contradiction in Bandura's rebuttal. Specifically, Bandura has argued (a) expected outcomes cannot causally influence self-efficacy, but (b) self-efficacy judgments remain valid when causally influenced by expected outcomes. While the debate regarding outcome expectancies and self-efficacy has subsided in recent years, the inattention to this contradiction has led to a disproportionate focus on self-efficacy as a causal determinant of behavior at the expense of expected outcomes. PMID:20505161

Williams, David M

2010-11-01

102

Comparing self-efficacy and self-care behaviours between outpatients with comorbid schizophrenia and type 2 diabetes and outpatients with only type 2 diabetes.  

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People with schizophrenia show higher-than-normal rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, research on their understanding of diabetes self-efficacy and self-care behaviours is lacking. This study compared differences in scores of self-efficacy and self-care behaviours between outpatients with comorbid schizophrenia and T2DM and outpatients with T2DM alone. Data were collected using the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activity questionnaire. In total, 105 outpatients with schizophrenia and T2DM and 106 outpatients with T2DM returned completed questionnaires. Results of this study revealed that outpatients with schizophrenia and T2DM had significantly lower total self-efficacy and self-care scores than outpatients with only T2DM. The stepwise regression analysis revealed that self-efficacy, the haemoglobin A1C level and current smoking were significant predictors of self-care behaviours in outpatients with comorbid schizophrenia and T2DM, which explained 33.20% of the variance. These findings help mental health professionals improve patient care through a better understanding of self-care behaviours among outpatients with comorbid schizophrenia and T2DM. PMID:23829198

Chen, S-R; Chien, Y-P; Kang, C-M; Jeng, C; Chang, W-Y

2014-06-01

103

The Relationship between Computer Anxiety and Computer Self-Efficacy  

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This study examined the relationship between computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy of students and teachers in elementary and secondary schools. The sample included a total of 845 subjects from two private school systems in Turkey. The Oetting's Computer Anxiety Scale was used to measure computer anxiety whereas the Murphy's Computer…

Simsek, Ali

2011-01-01

104

Parent Self-Efficacy Mediates the Impact of Family Intervention.  

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Self-appraisals are thought to play an important role in a number of youth problem behaviors. Self-perceived competence in the parental role may be an important mediator of family interventions. The purpose of the study described was to determine whether parental self-efficacy is causally related to effective child rearing. To do so, the authors…

MacPhee, David; Miller-Heyl, Jan

105

Skills-Based Training and Counseling Self-Efficacy.  

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Studies the effectiveness of the skilled counselor training module (SCTM). Counseling students who completed the SCTM demonstrated greater gains in skills acquisition and counseling self-efficacy than students who did not receive the training. (Contains 21 references and 2 tables.) (GCP)

Urbani, Steve; Smith, Michael Robert; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Smaby, Marlowe H.; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Crews, Judith

2002-01-01

106

The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Help Evasion  

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Objective: To examine the relationship between self-efficacy and not wanting help to change health behaviors. Method: All employees in the Danish police department were invited to respond to an electronic questionnaire. All respondents expressing a desire to change health behaviors in relation to smoking ("n" = 845), alcohol…

Persson, Roger; Cleal, Bryan; Jakobsen, Mette Øllgaard; Villadsen, Ebbe; Andersen, Lars L.

2014-01-01

107

Evidence for a Multidimensional Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale  

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This series of three studies considers the multidimensionality of exercise self-efficacy by examining the psychometric characteristics of an instrument designed to assess three behavioral subdomains: task, scheduling, and coping. In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis revealed the expected factor structure in a sample of 395 students.…

Rodgers, W. M.; Wilson, P. M.; Hall, C. R.; Fraser, S. N.; Murray, T. C.

2008-01-01

108

Age, Socioeconomic Status, and Exercise Self-Efficacy.  

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Uses data from current research and two older adult focus groups to develop a conceptual model of exercise self-efficacy and its predictors among older adults. Specifically addresses the issue of low socioeconomic status among older adults and how to improve their health and activity level. (SNR)

Clark, Daniel O.

1996-01-01

109

Self-efficacy scale for teachers”-Preliminary study-  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to introduce “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” into scientific field in order to evaluate teachers’ opinions on their self-efficacy. This study which is conducted to develop “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” aims at making clear the contribution of teacher behaviour to psychological measuring as well as providing support for psychometric studies which have recently become popular. In order to determine the self-efficacy of teachers, 3 experts who have a good command on the field and work in education sector put forward 20 items after having discussed on them and later they reduced them to 13 items. Then, 5 point likert scale comprising of 13 items was prepared. 3 experts who have a good command on the field removed 5 items of the scale which are not suitable for self-efficacy, which cannot define self-efficacy and whose scale set up could not be formed properly. Finally, 8 items remained in the scale, which is also the final state of it. Upon reducing the scale to 8 items, 50 teachers were applied the 8-item scale. It was investigated that whether the questions are comprehensible and whether there are general problems regarding the questions. Second application started after proving the comprehensibility of the 8 items. 670 teachers from each branch were applied the scale in the second application. 170 teachers were removed from the study as they lacked several questions in the scale. Statistical analyses were carried out on the forms filled out by 500 teachers from each branch. Descriptive Statistics, Pearson’s Correlation Technique, Principal Components Factor Analysis and Cronbach’s Alpha were used for the analyses of the statistics. According to the findings obtained from the analyses, it was found out that there were no inoperative items and all 8 items could be utilized. It was determined that Cronbach’s Alpha, which is an internal consistency coefficient, was .87 and the scale had high reliability coefficient. The scale was under only one factor. Results showed that “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” could be more beneficial when it is applied on a broader group of teachers.

P?nar K?v?lc?m

2013-09-01

110

SELF-EFFICACY OF FORMALLY AND NON-FORMALLY TRAINED PUBLIC SECTOR TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to compare the formally and non-formally trained in-service public sector teachers’ Self-efficacy. Five hypotheses were developed describing no difference in the self-efficacy of formally and non-formally trained teachers to influence decision making, influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and create positive school climate. Teacher Efficacy Instrument (TSES developed by Bandura (2001 consisting of thirty 9-point items was used in the study. 342 formally trained and 255 non-formally trained respondents’ questionnaires were received out of 1500 mailed. The analysis of data revealed that the formally trained public sector teachers are high in their self-efficacy on all the five categories: to influence decision making, to influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and self-efficacy to create positive school climate.

Muhammad Nadeem ANWAR

2009-07-01

111

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

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Full Text Available This study explores the relationship between Iranian EFL juniors’ self-efficacy beliefs and their employed vocabulary learning strategies. The participants were 50 juniors studying English Translation at University of Sistan & Baluchestan. The self-efficacy and vocabulary learning strategies questionnaires were administered to identify the students’ self-efficacy beliefs and their vocabulary learning strategies. The obtained results revealed that students had rather high level of self-efficacy and that self-efficacy was significantly positively related to their use of the four subcategories of vocabulary learning strategies in general and the use of memory strategies in particular. Highly self-efficacious students reported significantly more use of vocabulary strategies than those with low self-efficacy. The results point out the importance of nurturing learners’ self-efficacy beliefs and its impact on successful learning experiences and achievement.

Farrokhlagha Heidari

2012-01-01

112

Dynamics in self-regulation : Plan execution self-efficacy and mastery of action plans  

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This study investigated whether an individual's plan execution self-efficacy precedes mastery of the respective action plan or vice versa. Study participants were 122 cardiac rehabilitation patients. Plan execution self-efficacy and mastery of a personal

Scholz, Urte; Sniehotta, Falco F.; Schu?z, Benjamin; Oeberst, Andries

2007-01-01

113

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHING COMPETENCE AND TECHER SELF EFFICACY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The present investigation was undertaken to study the Teaching Competence of secondary school Teachers in relation to self efficacy of secondary school teachers. Sex, type of family, qualification, locality of the school and type and size of school were considered as background variables to study their effect on the teaching competence of secondary school teachers. The researcher had selected 425 Teachers in government, aided and private secondary schools giving representation to sex, type of school management. Teaching Competence Scale, based on the 'Core Teaching Skills' Published by NCERT, developed Mary Noya Leena( 2010 and the Self Efficay Scale developed by Mrs. Masooda Jamal and Dr. Haseen Taj were used as tools. In order to visualize the nature of the score of distribution of the data collected, numerical determinants like Mean, SD were worked out, Pearson's product moment correlation was applied to find out the relationship between Teaching Competence and Teacher Self Efficacy of secondary school Teachers and 't' test was applied to find out the significant difference between different variables. The study found that there is a positive significant relationship between Teaching Competence of secondary school Teachers and the Self Efficacy of secondary school Teachers (and also the study found that there is a significant difference in the Teaching Competence of males and female Teachers of secondary schools; it is further revealed that type of family was found to have a significant effect on the teaching competence of the secondary school teachers whereas the locality of the school and the qualification of the teachers did not found to have any effect on the teaching competence of secondary school teachers.

HASEEN TAJ

2013-05-01

114

Validação da Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale para a língua portuguesa Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale portuguese validation  

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Full Text Available A crença de auto-eficácia relaciona-se com a percepção da dor e com a funcionalidade física e psíquica dos doentes. O objetivo deste estudo foi validar para a língua portuguesa a Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale. A amostra foi de 132 pacientes com dor crônica de etiologia variada. A validade da escala em língua portuguesa foi confirmada pela análise fatorial, que manteve os três domínios e os 22 itens da escala original; a variância explicada foi de 60,8%. A confiabilidade, analisada pelo alfa de Cronbach, variou entre 0,76 e 0,92 para os domínios e foi de 0,94 para a escala total. A validade convergente, verificada por meio da comparação entre a Escala de Auto-Eficácia para Dor Crônica (AEDC e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (IDB mostrou correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa. Este estudo disponibiliza para a língua portuguesa um instrumento válido e confiável para a avaliação da auto-eficácia de pacientes com dor crônica.The self-efficacy belief relates to pain perception and physical and psychiatric functionality. The goal of this study was to validate to the Portuguese language the Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale (CPSS. The subjects were 132 chronic pain patients with pain from several etiologies. The scale validity in the Portuguese language was confirmed by factor analyzis, which maintained the 3 factors and 22 items of the original scale; the accounted variance was 60,8%. The reliability, analyzed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, were 0,76 - 0,92 to the factors and 0,94 to the total scale. The convergent validity, verified by the comparison with the Portuguese version of the Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale and Beck Depression Inventory (IDB showed significantly negative correlation. This study made available to the Portuguese language a valid and reliable instrument to assess self-efficacy in chronic pain patients.

Marina de Góes Salvetti

2005-07-01

115

High-risk relapse situations and self-efficacy: comparison between alcoholics and heroin addicts.  

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The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the differences between alcoholics and heroin addicts in some relapse dimensions and self-efficacy. The sample consisted of 180 inpatient males, who admitted to Al-Amal Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, for treatment from substance abuse. The total sample was divided into two groups: 105 participants were heroin addicts and 75 were alcoholics. Two standardized questionnaires [inventory of drug taking situations (IDTS) and situational confidence questionnaire (SCQ)] were used. Heroin addicts have statistically significant high mean IDTS scores compared with the alcoholics sample, whereas the alcoholics have significantly higher mean SCQ scores than did their heroin counterpart. Again, the alcoholics had significantly lower admission and relapse rates compared with the heroin group. Furthermore, the results indicate that the highest high-risk relapse situations are negative emotions (NE), testing personal control (TPC), social pressure (SP), and urge and temptations (UT). PMID:15135557

El-Sheikh, Salah El-Gaily; Bashir, Taha Z

2004-06-01

116

Autonomous Motivation as a Critical Factor in Self-Efficacy among Rural Smokers  

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Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited attention has been given to self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking ? 10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking and medical history, social environment, self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, motivation for quitting, and depression. Am...

Berg, Carla J.; Cox, Lisa Sanderson; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Greiner, K. Allen; Ellerbeck, Edward F.

2008-01-01

117

Auto-eficácia e sintomas depressivos em doentes com dor crônica Self-efficacy and depressive symptoms in chronic pain patients  

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Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Auto-eficácia é a crença na habilidade pessoal de desempenhar com sucesso tarefas ou de apresentar comportamentos para produzir um resultado desejável. É conceito-chave para o adequado controle de doenças crônicas e estudos sobre o tema são incipientes no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a crença de auto-eficácia de pacientes com dor crônica e relacioná-la a variáveis sociodemográficas, de características da dor e à presença de sintomas depressivos. MÉTODOS: A amostra, de conveniência, foi de 132 sujeitos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram a Escala de Auto-Eficácia para Dor Crônica (AEDC e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (IDB. RESULTADOS: O escore médio de auto-eficácia foi 170,8 (DP = 56,7. Auto-eficácia menor foi observada nos pacientes com até 8 anos de escolaridade, quando comparada à de pacientes com escolaridade entre 9 e 11 anos (p = 0,015. Auto-eficácia mais elevada foi observada nos doentes com dor menos intensa (p = 0,042. A Escala AEDC apresentou correlação negativa com o IDB (r = - 0,48; p BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is the belief about one’s personal ability to perform a task or specific behavior successfully. Self-efficacy is a key concept to manage chronic diseases and the studies about it are insufficient in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate chronic pain patient’s self-efficacy belief and relate to social demographic variables, pain and depressive symptoms. METHODS: The convenience sample was 132 subjects. The instruments utilized were Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale (CPSS in Portuguese version (AEDC and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI. RESULTS: The self-efficacy average score was 170.8 (DP = 56.7. Low self-efficacy was observed in 8 year education level patients compared to 9 to 11 year education level (p = 0.015. Higher self-efficacy was observed in patients with lower pain intensity (p = 0.042. The AEDC was negative correlated to IDB depression (r = - 0.48; p < 0.01. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with 8 year education level showed low self-efficacy than patients with 9 to 11 year education level. Subjects with lower pain intensity and fewer depressive symptoms showed higher self-efficacy scores.

Marina de Góes Salvetti

2007-01-01

118

Family Background and Academic Achievement: Does Self-Efficacy Mediate Outcomes?  

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Research indicates both family background and self-efficacy influence academic outcomes; however, family background also impacts self-efficacy development. The purpose of the current study was to establish whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between family background and academic achievement. Results indicated family background…

Weiser, Dana A.; Riggio, Heidi R.

2010-01-01

119

Persistence at an Urban Community College: The Implications of Self-Efficacy and Motivation  

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This study examined how self-efficacy and motivation affected student persistence at an urban community college. Self-efficacy was studied at two dimensions: self-regulated learning efficacy and self-efficacy for academic achievement. Motivation was also investigated at two levels: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Results show that…

Liao, Hsiang-Ann; Edlin, Margot; Ferdenzi, Anita Cuttita

2014-01-01

120

An Investigation of Factors Related to Self-Efficacy for Java Programming among Engineering Students  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the factors related to self-efficacy for Java programming among first year engineering students. An instrument assessing Java programming self-efficacy was developed from the computer programming self-efficacy scale of Ramalingam & Wiedenbeck. The instrument was administered at the beginning of the course…

Askar, Petek; Davenport, David

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Job Search Self-Efficacy of East Asian International Graduate Students  

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Using a sample of 86 East Asian international graduate students, this study examined Bandura's perceived self-efficacy model (1986) in the domain of job search self-efficacy and tested the mediating effects of job search self-efficacy in the relationship between efficacy source variables and job search behaviors. Results show that both performance…

Lin, Yi-Jiun; Flores, Lisa Y.

2013-01-01

122

Gaining a Degree: The Effect on Teacher Self-Efficacy and Emotions  

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Bandura's concept of self-efficacy has been the focus of numerous research studies related to teacher self-efficacy. Most studies have investigated Bandura's first three sources of self-efficacy beliefs: mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, and social persuasion--with much less emphasis placed on Bandura's fourth source, the role of…

Williams, Ruth

2009-01-01

123

Developing Academic Self-Efficacy: Strategies to Support Gifted Elementary School Students  

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Self-efficacy is the belief in one's capacity to perform and accomplish goals. Specifically, academic self-efficacy refers to a student's perception of their ability to engage and successfully complete academic tasks. Self-efficacy affects students' behavioral choices, motivation, thought patterns and responses, perception of control, and…

Merriman, Lauren

2012-01-01

124

Sources of self-efficacy and coach/instructor behaviors underlying relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) in recreational youth sport.  

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Interpersonal feedback from coaches may be instrumental in the formation of children's self-efficacy to learn or perform sport skills. We report on two studies that explored perceived sources of self-efficacy and relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) in one-on-one interviews with sport camp participants (N = 61; ages 7-12) and focus groups with recreational league participants (N = 28; ages 8-12). Participants' responses indicated that prior experiences and socially constructed interactions contributed to the development of self-efficacy and RISE beliefs. Results support Bandura's (1997) theorizing that self-efficacy is developed through processing of experiential feedback as well as Lent and Lopez's (2002) tripartite theory proposing interpersonal feedback from influential others contributes to children's RISE and self-efficacy. PMID:24686951

Saville, Paul D; Bray, Steven R; Martin Ginis, Kathleen A; Cairney, John; Marinoff-Shupe, Deborah; Pettit, Andrew

2014-04-01

125

Self-efficacy and postpartum teaching: a replication study.  

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Postpartum depression (PPD) occurs in 13% of new mothers internationally, but many do not receive treatment. In the Western world, hospital-based perinatal nurses have extended contact with new mothers and are in a unique position to teach them to recognize symptoms of and seek treatment for PPD. In this replication study framed by self-efficacy theory, teaching new mothers about PPD was predicted by a nurse's self-efficacy related to PPD teaching, expectations for teaching from supervisor, PPD continuing education, teaching experience on other topics, and experience with observing other nurses teaching patients about PPD. The results of the study demonstrate the importance of the climate created by the nursing supervisor in which teaching about PPD is expected and facilitators of effective patient teaching are available. PMID:24868128

Logsdon, M Cynthia; Eckert, Diane; Tomasulo, Roselyn; Myers, John

2013-01-01

126

Promoting Self-Efficacy in Minimally Invasive Surgery Training  

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Many surgeons continue to actively pursue surgical approaches that are less invasive for their patients. This pursuit requires the surgeon to adapt to new instruments, techniques, technologies, knowledge bases, visual perspectives, and motor skills, among other changes. The premise of this paper is that surgeons adopting minimally invasive approaches are particularly obligated to maintain an accurate perception of their own competencies and learning needs in these areas (ie, self-efficacy). T...

Risucci, Donald A.; Wolfe, Kevin C.; Kaul, Ashutosh

2009-01-01

127

Cardiac-self efficacy predicts adverse outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Little is known about the predictive role of Cardiac Self Efficacy (CSE in the ensuing months following a coronary event. We sought to determine whether CSE predicts adverse events in the months following discharge in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD. Design: Data from a prospective study of 193 patients recently hospitalized for CAD. Methods: Data were collected via participant self-report and medical records at 3-month post-discharge (baseline; T1, 6-month post-discharge (T2 and 9-month post-discharge (T3. CSE was measured using the Cardiac Self Efficacy Scale. Multi-variate regression modeling was applied to explore the association between baseline CSE scores and cardiac-related hospital admissions and functional cardiac status at T2 and T3. Other outcomes included any hospital admissions, self-reported mental and physical health at follow up. Results: Higher CSE scores at baseline significantly predicted better cardiac functioning and self-rated mental and physical health at both T2 and T3 (with one exception; this was consistent across all five models. While baseline CSE did not predict cardiac or other hospital admission at T2, CSE was a significant predictor of both outcomes at T3; higher CSE scores resulted in reductions in likelihood of hospital admissions. After adjustment for psychosocial variables however, neither association remained. Baseline depression explained the association between baseline CSE and any cardiac admissions, as well as baseline CSE and any hospital admissions at T3 follow up. Conclusions: While CSE can predict key outcomes following a CAD event, much of the association can be explained by the presence of depression.

Lesley Stafford

2013-07-01

128

About development of transcultural relevance  

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Full Text Available Nowadays, it discusses more frequently and more acute the problem of spiritual crisis ofmodern people. A solution for removing our world from deadlock is promoted by BasarabNicolescu, french-roumanian physicist and philosopher. Basaran Nicolescu proposes the concept ofLevels of Reality, starting from researches and discoveries in quantum physics and from the logic ofquantum pshysics. The concept of Levels of Reality is implemented in the direction of the way ofsetting a trandisciplinary culture, with theory of third included and the idea of complexity. Thequantum revolution requests the intelligence revolution. According to the new evaluation ofmultiple reality, the sacred - as a primary source of our values - is rehabilitated, but released fromthe captivity of religiosity. „Trans” signifies what it is between, in and what it transcends them. Inthis case we can speak about transculturation, transreligiosity or transliterarity.

Victoria BARAGA

2012-01-01

129

Self-Efficacy, State Anxiety, and Motivation during Mandatory Combative Training  

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Full Text Available U.S. Army soldiers (n = 52 attending Instructor Combative Training (ICT courses at two military installations in the US were examined before, during and at the end of the course on self-defense efficacy (SDE, teaching combatives self-efficacy (TCSE, combatives state anxiety (CSA, and motivation. In a quasi-experimental design, a cognitive-behavioral coping intervention targeting combative anxiety was implemented. Two classes (n = 32 constituted the interventions and one class as a control group (n = 20. RM ANOVAs revealed a significant increase in SDE and TCSE across the course for the experimental groups. Specifically, the intervention group soldiers scored lower in CSA during high anxiety driven events and higher in motivation than the control group soldiers along the course progression. The results provide preliminary evidence that a combatives anxiety coping strategy can influence SDE, TCSE, CSA, and motivation during mandatory psychologically demanding training.

Hector R. Morales-Negron

2011-09-01

130

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para o português Traducción y adaptación cultural de la Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para el portugués Translation and cultural adaptation of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar a Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale ( BSES, para a realidade cultural do Brasil e avaliar a validade de conteúdo da versão em português, para que possa ser utilizada na população brasileira. MÉTODOS: O estudo envolveu duas fases (1. protocolo de tradução e adaptação cultural e 2. validade de conteúdo. RESULTADOS: O escore total variou de 93 a 162 pontos (M = 127,03; DP = 19,62. Quando considerado apenas as multíparas, a pontuação da escala variou de 106 a 156 (M = 131,66; DP = 15,91. A versão mostrou ser de fácil compreensão, obtendo-se adequada validação semântica e de consistência. O Índice de Validação de Conteúdo foi 0,84 e o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSÕES: Os achados sugerem que a BSES é adequada para screening da confiança materna no seu potencial para amamentar. No entanto, é necessário avaliar as propriedades psicométricas deste instrumento em amostra com diferentes níveis sociais e educacionais e em outras regiões do Brasil.OBJETIVOS: traducir y adaptar la escala Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES, para la realidad cultural de Brasil y evaluar la validez de contenido de la versión en portugués para que pueda ser utilizada en la población brasileña. MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en dos fases (1- protocolo de traducción y adaptación cultural, y 2- Validación del contenido. RESULTADOS: El puntaje total varió de 93 a 162 puntos (P = 127,03; DE = 19,62. Cuando fueron consideradas apenas las multíparas, la puntuación de la escala varió de 106 a 156 (P = 131,66; DE = 15,91. La versión mostró ser de fácil comprensión, obteniéndose una adecuada validación semántica y de consistencia. El Índice de Validación de Contenido fue 0,84 y el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la BSES es adecuada para detectar la confianza materna en su potencialidad para amamantar. Sin embargo, es necesario evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de este instrumento en muestras con diferentes niveles sociales y educacionales y en otras regiones de Brasil.OBJECTIVES: Translate and adapt the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES to the cultural reality of Brazil and evaluate the content validity of the Portuguese version, so that it can be used in the Brazilian population. METHODS: The study was made in two phases (1- Protocol translation and cultural adaptation, and 2- Validity of Content. RESULTS: The total score ranged from 93 to 162 points (M = 127.03, SD = 19.62. When considering only women who bore many children, the score scale ranged from 106 to 156 (M = 131.66, SD = 15.91. The translated version proved to be easy to understand, showing good consistency and semantic validation. The Index for the Validation of Content was 0.84 and the Cronbach's alpha = 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the BSES is suitable for screening the maternal confidence in its potentiality to breastfeed. However, it is necessary to evaluate the psychometric properties of this instrument in samples with different social and educational levels, and in other regions of Brazil

Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá

2010-04-01

131

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para o português / Translation and cultural adaptation of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese / Traducción y adaptación cultural de la Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para el portugués  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar a Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale ( BSES), para a realidade cultural do Brasil e avaliar a validade de conteúdo da versão em português, para que possa ser utilizada na população brasileira. MÉTODOS: O estudo envolveu duas fases (1. protocolo de tradução e adaptação cu [...] ltural e 2. validade de conteúdo). RESULTADOS: O escore total variou de 93 a 162 pontos (M = 127,03; DP = 19,62). Quando considerado apenas as multíparas, a pontuação da escala variou de 106 a 156 (M = 131,66; DP = 15,91). A versão mostrou ser de fácil compreensão, obtendo-se adequada validação semântica e de consistência. O Índice de Validação de Conteúdo foi 0,84 e o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSÕES: Os achados sugerem que a BSES é adequada para screening da confiança materna no seu potencial para amamentar. No entanto, é necessário avaliar as propriedades psicométricas deste instrumento em amostra com diferentes níveis sociais e educacionais e em outras regiões do Brasil. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: traducir y adaptar la escala Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES), para la realidad cultural de Brasil y evaluar la validez de contenido de la versión en portugués para que pueda ser utilizada en la población brasileña. MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en dos fases (1- protocolo de trad [...] ucción y adaptación cultural, y 2- Validación del contenido). RESULTADOS: El puntaje total varió de 93 a 162 puntos (P = 127,03; DE = 19,62). Cuando fueron consideradas apenas las multíparas, la puntuación de la escala varió de 106 a 156 (P = 131,66; DE = 15,91). La versión mostró ser de fácil comprensión, obteniéndose una adecuada validación semántica y de consistencia. El Índice de Validación de Contenido fue 0,84 y el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la BSES es adecuada para detectar la confianza materna en su potencialidad para amamantar. Sin embargo, es necesario evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de este instrumento en muestras con diferentes niveles sociales y educacionales y en otras regiones de Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Translate and adapt the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) to the cultural reality of Brazil and evaluate the content validity of the Portuguese version, so that it can be used in the Brazilian population. METHODS: The study was made in two phases (1- Protocol translation and cultu [...] ral adaptation, and 2- Validity of Content). RESULTS: The total score ranged from 93 to 162 points (M = 127.03, SD = 19.62). When considering only women who bore many children, the score scale ranged from 106 to 156 (M = 131.66, SD = 15.91). The translated version proved to be easy to understand, showing good consistency and semantic validation. The Index for the Validation of Content was 0.84 and the Cronbach's alpha = 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the BSES is suitable for screening the maternal confidence in its potentiality to breastfeed. However, it is necessary to evaluate the psychometric properties of this instrument in samples with different social and educational levels, and in other regions of Brazil

Mônica Oliveira Batista, Oriá; Lorena Barbosa, Ximenes.

132

Self-efficacy is mainly genetic, not learned: a multiple-rater twin study on the causal structure of general self-efficacy in young people.  

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Social learning theory postulates that self-efficacy is learned through the person's interaction with his/her physical and social environment. In this genetically informative, population-based, multi-informant study of 1,394 adolescent twin pairs, self-efficacy was modeled as one latent psychometric self-efficacy factor with genetic and environmental effects common to all informants, as well as for effects specific for each informant. The results showed that 75% of variation in self-efficacy was due to genetic factors. Non-shared environmental causes explained the remaining 25% of the variance in the latent factor, with no effect of common environment. Some informant-specific effects were also found. The present study challenges the theoretical assumption of learning as the dominant etiological factor behind self-efficacy in young people. PMID:23601253

Waaktaar, Trine; Torgersen, Svenn

2013-06-01

133

Development of Condom-Use Self-Efficacy over 36 Months among Early Adolescents: A Mediation Analysis  

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This research evaluates condom-use self-efficacy and its increase throughout adolescence. Documentation of the development of condom-use self-efficacy would be important for prevention efforts given the influence of self-efficacy on actual condom usage. This study assesses a hypothesized mediation mechanism of the development of self-efficacy

Chen, Xinguang; Dinaj-Koci, Veronica; Brathwaite, Nanika; Cottrell, Lesley; Deveaux, Lynette; Gomez, Perry; Harris, Carole; Li, Xiaoming; Lunn, Sonja; Marshall, Sharon; Stanton, Bonita

2012-01-01

134

Relationship of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Urban Public School Students to Performance on a High-Stakes Mathematics Test  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of "self-efficacy" for "Enlisting Social Resources, Self-Regulatory Efficacy, self-efficacy" for "Self-Regulated Learning," and "self-efficacy" for "Academic Achievement" (Bandura's Children's "Self-Efficacy Scale," 2006) of urban public school students to performance on the high stakes…

Afolabi, Kolajo A.

2010-01-01

135

Validity of the Turkish version of the medication adherence self-efficacy scale-short form in hypertensive patients  

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Full Text Available Objective: Study purpose was to examine the validity of a 13-item short form of the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (MASES-SF in an independent sample of 150 hypertensive Turkish patients.Methods: This is a methodological study and 150 adult patients, who are receiving medication for hypertension in the last one year, were included as the study sample. The sample of the study was chosen with the method of simple random sampling. The study was conducted between October 25, 2010 and December 31, 2010 at Family Health Center (FHC. In this study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used for psychometric evaluation. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to evaluate the reliability of the scale. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis showed that all goodness indexes were at acceptable quality: ?2=61.72, df=65, p>0.05, GFI=0.99, CFI=1.00, RMSA=0.00. Reliability coefficient of the Turkish adaptation of MASES-SF was found as 0.94 and item-total correlations ranged between 0.13 - 0.52. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension had lower self-efficacy scores compared to those with normal blood pressure. Conclusion: This result indicated that the preliminary criterion validity is adequate. Psychometric testing demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and validity of the instrument for patients in the study group. It can be used confidently in determining and testing interventions to improve medication adherence self-efficacy perceptions and behaviors in hypertensive Turkish patients. The MASES-SF is brief, quick to administer, and capture useful data on medication adherence self-efficacy in hypertensive patients.

Rabia Hac?hasano?lu

2012-03-01

136

Science self-efficacy in tenth grade Hispanic female high school students  

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Historical data have demonstrated an underrepresentation of females and minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions. The purpose of the study considered the variables of gender and ethnicity collectively in relationship to tenth grade Hispanic females' perception of their self-efficacy in science. The correlation of science self-efficacy to science academic achievement was also studied. Possible interventions for use with female Hispanic minority populations might help increase participation in STEM field preparation during the high school career. A population of 272 students was chosen through convenience sampling methods, including 80 Hispanic females. Students were administered a 27-item questionnaire taken directly from the Smist (1993) Science Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ). Three science self-efficacy factors were successfully extracted and included Academic Engagement Self-efficacy (M=42.57), Laboratory Self-efficacy (M=25.44), and Biology Self-efficacy ( M=19.35). Each factor showed a significant positive correlation ( pacademic engagement, influenced participant perceptions of science self efficacy the greatest. Suggested further studies on the impact of science self-efficacy and science achievement are discussed. Information gleaned from the continued study of science self-efficacy may influence the ability of traditionally underrepresented racial/ethnic females to persist in their science preparation and training in an effort to prevent leaving the STEM pipeline at this crucial juncture.

Miller, Maria Decanio

137

Academic Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teacher Candidates  

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Full Text Available This study aims determining academic self-efficacy perception of teacher candidates. It is survey model. Population of the study consists of teacher candidates in 2010-2011 academic years at Ahmet Kele?o?lu Education Faculty of Education Formation of Selçuk University. A simple random sample was selected as sampling method and the study was conducted on 312 teacher candidates. The data of this study was obtained by “academic selfefficacy scale” which was developed by Jerusalem and Schwazer (1981 and translated into Turkish by Y?lmaz, Gürçay, and Ekici (2007 and its reliability value was determined as .79. However, Cronbach Alfa reliability value of this scale became .76 with the result of the data analysis of the study. SPSS package program was used to analyze the data; and the data analysis, frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA and post hoc tests (LSD test were used. When the findings of the research were considered in general, the result showed that the academic self-efficacy perception level of the candidates was at desired level. However, teachers' views about the level of academic self-efficacy perception showed that most of them preferred a lower level option "suits me", instead of "totally suits me" option that was the highest degree of participation of four likert-type scale. This illustrated that their perception about this issue was not at a very high level. When independent variables were taken into account, among the academic perception levels of teacher candidates, a significant difference was detected in terms of working as a teacher or not and academic achievement variables but it revealed no significant difference in terms of gender and type of education program variables.

Dr. Etem YE??LYURT

2013-04-01

138

Comparison of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment strategies in promotion of infertility self-efficacy scale in infertile women: A randomized controlled trial  

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Full Text Available Background: The infertility is associated with psychological consequence including depression, and lack of self-efficacy. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacological and no pharmacological strategies in promotion of self-efficacy of infertile women. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 89 infertile women who were recruited from Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center and were randomized into three groups; cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT, antidepressant therapy with flouxetine 20 mg daily for 3 month, and a control group. All participants completed Infertility Self-efficacy Inventory (ISE and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI at the beginning and end of the study. Results: The means ISE scores among the CBT, fluoxetine, and control groups at the beginning and end of the study were 6.1±1.6 vs. 7.2±0.9, 6.4±1.4 vs. 6.9±1.3 and 6.1±1.1 vs. 5.9±1.4 respectively. Both CBT and fluoxetine increased the mean of ISE scores more than control group after intervention (p<0.0001, p=0.033; respectively, but increase in the CBT group was significantly greater than flouxetine group. Finally, there was evidence of high infertility self-efficacy for women exposed to the intervention compared with those in the control group. Also, there was an improvement in depression. Both fluoxetine and CBT decreased significantly the mean of BDI scores more than the control group; decrease in the CBT group was significantly more than that in the fluoxetine group. Conclusion: CBT can serve as an effective psychosocial intervention for promoting self-efficacy of infertile women

Hajar Pasha

2013-06-01

139

Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Motivation, Race, and Gender in Middle School Science  

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The purpose of this study was to discover whether the science motivation beliefs of middle school students (N = 262) vary as a function of their gender or race/ethnicity and to determine whether science self-efficacy beliefs predict science achievement when motivation variables shown to predict achievement in other academic areas are controlled. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy and self-efficacy for self-regulation, and they received higher grades in science. Boys had stronger performance-approach goals. White students had stronger self-efficacy and achievement, and African American students reported stronger task goals. Self-efficacy was the only motivation variable to predict the science achievement of girls, boys, and White students. Self-efficacy and self-concept predicted the science achievement of African American students. Results are interpreted from the perspective of Bandura's social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari L.; Pajares, Frank

140

The role of sports training and recreation at self-efficacy perception of adolescents  

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In the following diploma the role of a sports training and a sports recreation for the perception of adolescents’ self-efficacy is presented. In the theoretical part the self-efficacy theory and its placement into adolescence are described as well as all three kinds of sports workout (sports training, sports recreation and sports education), connection between sport and adolescence and sport’s influence on the self-efficacy.

Ivanc?ic?, Hani

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

A Study of Self-efficacy in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Its Predictors  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Enhancement of empowerment in patients with coronary artery disease has a major role in the promotion of their health behaviors. Promotion of self-efficacy is a one of the ways for improving this skill, which has a significant impact on improving patients’ condition and on preventing complications and readmission. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of general, exercise, and diet behavior self-efficacies in coronary artery disease patients.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 195 patients with coronary artery disease referred to the Heart Clinic of Educational Treatment Center of Dr Heshmat Hospital in Rasht, were selected through convenient sampling and were surveyed through questionnaires about illness perception, general self-efficacy, exercise self-efficacy and diet behavior self-efficacy. The Chi 2 test was used to examine the relations between variables, and the multiple logistic regression test was used to determine the predictors.Results: In this study, 74.9% of samples had desirable general self-efficacy, 86.2% had desirable diet self-efficacy, and 28.2% had desirable exercise self-efficacy. In addition, variables such as age, sex, diagnosis of heart disease, and illness perception were predictors of general self-efficacy. Occupational status and illness perception variables were the predictors of exercise self-efficacy; and the predictor of diet self-efficacy was illness perception.Conclusion: Considering the results of this research, it seems that more precise plannings are needed for the promotion of exercise self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients.

Ezzat Paryad

2013-03-01

142

Expanding crossover Research : The crossover of job-related self-efficacy within couples  

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This article reports a study that examined the crossover of job-related self-efficacy within working couples, its underlying mechanisms, and its work-related consequences. We proposed that the job-related self-efficacy of one partner (the ‘actor’) can be transmitted to the other partner (the ‘partner’). By building on self-efficacy research (Bandura, 1997), we hypothesized vicarious experience and verbal persuasion to be the mediators underlying this crossover process. We expected tha...

Neff, Angela; Niessen, Cornelia; Sonnentag, Sabine; Unger, Dana

2013-01-01

143

A behavior-analytic critique of Bandura's self-efficacy theory  

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A behavior-analytic critique of self-efficacy theory is presented. Self-efficacy theory asserts that efficacy expectations determine approach behavior and physiological arousal of phobics as well as numerous other clinically important behaviors. Evidence which is purported to support this assertion is reviewed. The evidence consists of correlations between self-efficacy ratings and other behaviors. Such response-response relationships do not unequivocally establish that one response causes an...

Biglan, Anthony

1987-01-01

144

Ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among tertiary education students  

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This study examined the relationships between ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students at a higher learning institution. These relationships were examined among a sample of 144 respondents. The multigroup ethnic identity measure, the collective self-esteem scale and the academic self-efficacy scale were used to measure ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy, respectively. Positive correlations were found be...

Thomas, Tsholofelo Angela

2011-01-01

145

An Investigation into Iranian EFL Learners’ Level of Writing Self-efficacy  

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This article sets out to examine the relationship between EFL learners’ sense of self-efficacy and their writing achievement. In order to tackle with this question, two self-efficacy questionnaires were employed, English and General self-efficacy. Ninety-three Iranian EFL learners from four different universities in north-eastern part of Iran took part in the study. Pearson correlation and ANOVA were run to analyze the collected data. The findings indicated a significant relationship...

2013-01-01

146

Help seeking, self-efficacy, and writing performance among college students  

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Adaptive help seeking and self-efficacy have been examined extensively over the last 20 years, but few studies have investigated their role in writing center tutoring, which has become an important component of process-oriented writing instruction. Using data collected over an 8-year period, this study analyzes the effect of writing self-efficacy (assessed using established self-efficacy scales) and help-seeking behavior (measured by frequency of writing center visitation) on writing performa...

2011-01-01

147

Prospective and regular ELT teachers digital empowerment and self-efficacy  

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This study examines the possible correlation between (a) digital empowerment and their teacher self-efficacy in general, (b) the level of prospective ELT teachers’ digital empowerment and their teacher self-efficacy beliefs, (c) the level of regular ELT teachers’ digital empowerment and their self-efficacy beliefs, and tries to see if prospective ELT teachers and regular ELT teachers differ in digital empowerment

Sary?c?oban, Arif

2013-01-01

148

Self-Efficacy In Relation Emotional Intelligence Of Senior Secondary School Students  

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Full Text Available This research has been performed with the aim of determining the relation between emotional intelligence (EI and Self-Efficacy of the senior secondary school students. In gathering the data the descriptive method has been used and the measuring tools of Self-Efficacy Questionnaire developed by Peter Muris and Emotional Intelligence scale (2005 developed by Dr. Rambir Sharma have been used. The results obtained from Pearson Correlation showed that there is a positive significant correlation between emotional intelligence (EI and self-efficacy (r =0.3. It was also found that female students were better than male students with regard to their self efficacy and emotional intelligence

Rita Saini

2012-10-01

149

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

150

Health locus of control and the sense of self-efficacy in patients with systolic heart failure: a pilot study  

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Full Text Available Agnieszka Rydlewska,1,2 Justyna Krzysztofik,3 Julia Libergal,3 Agata Rybak,3 Waldemar Banasiak,1 Piotr Ponikowski,1,2 Ewa A Jankowska1,21Centre for Heart Diseases, Department of Cardiology, Military Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland; 2Department of Heart Diseases, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland; 3Student’s Scientific Organization, Laboratory for Applied Research on Cardiovascular System, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, PolandBackground: Treatment of heart failure (HF requires the lifelong adherence to medical self-care regimes. The objective of this study was to examine health-control beliefs and the sense of self-efficacy (psychological features particularly important for efficient compliance among patients suffering from chronic diseases in patients with systolic HF in relation to clinical status and depressive symptoms.Subjects and methods: Sixty-six consecutive patients with chronic systolic HF, hospitalized in the Centre for Heart Diseases, Military Hospital (94% men, age: 61 ± 11 years, ischemic etiology: 63%, left ventricular ejection fraction: 32% ± 12%, filled in (during their hospital stay: (1 the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale measuring three possible localizations of health control: “internality” (ie, the belief that health status depends only on personal decisions and behaviors; “powerful others externality” ([PHLC subscale] ie, the conviction that health depends on “powerful people” such as doctors, family members, close friends, and “chance externality” (ie, belief that health status is determined by chance, fate, or luck, and (2 the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. The results obtained by HF patients were compared to those reported by patients with other chronic diseases and healthy subjects.Results: In patients with HF, internality was similar to values obtained by patients with diabetes, men after myocardial infarction, and women after mastectomy; and was lower than in healthy subjects. Powerful others externality was more pronounced in patients with HF as compared to other groups of patients and healthy people. Only women after mastectomy had higher scores of PHLC. In patients with HF, chance externality was similar to values reported in patients with renal failure, men after myocardial infarction, and women after mastectomy; and was less pronounced than in healthy subjects. The majority (77% of patients with HF were characterized by a high sense of self-efficacy (>the 7th sten score, having the highest sense of self-efficacy among patients with other chronic diseases and healthy controls. Higher internality was accompanied by higher sense of self-efficacy (P < 0.05 in patients with HF. Subjects with high plasma N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (reflecting the disease severity had the least pronounced internality (P < 0.05, whereas those with more advance depressive symptoms had the lower sense of self-efficacy (P = < 0.05.Conclusion: Patients with systolic HF demonstrate a conviction that other people, including physicians, have a large influence on their health status, and at the same time are aware of the efficacy of their own activities in coping with the disease. Such a configuration of psychological features seems to be beneficial in the context of the developing modern strategies, which due to the improved cooperation between the physicians and the patients could enhance the compliance in patients with HF.Keywords: health locus of control, self-efficacy, heart failure, compliance, depressive symptoms

Rydlewska A

2013-04-01

151

The influence of self-efficacy and outcome expectations on the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity in the workplace  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent research and commentary contends that ecological approaches may be particularly useful for understanding and promoting physical activity participation in various settings including the workplace. Yet within the physical activity domain there is a lack of understanding of how ecological environment factors influence behaviour. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between perceived environment, social-cognitive variables, and physical activity behaviour. Methods Participants (N = 897 were employees from three large worksites who completed self-report inventories containing measures of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, perceptions of the workplace environment (PWES, and physical activity behaviour during both leisure-time and incorporated throughout the workday. Results Results of both bivariate and multiple regression analyses indicated the global PWES scores had a limited association with leisure-time physical activity (R2adj =.01. Sequential regression analyses supported a weak association between physical activity incorporated in the workplace and PWES (R2adj = .04 and the partial mediation of self-efficacy on the relationship between PWES and workplace physical activity (variance accounted for reduced to R2adj = .02 when self-efficacy was controlled. Conclusion Overall, the results of the present investigation indicate that self-efficacy acted as a partial mediator of the relationship between perceived environment and workplace physical activity participation. Implications of the findings for physical activity promotion using ecological-based approaches, and future directions for research from this perspective in worksite settings are discussed.

Plotnikoff Ronald C

2004-03-01

152

Investigating Preschool and Primary School Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Needs in Teaching Science: A Pilot Study  

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Full Text Available In recent years, the curricula reforms at the levels of preschool and primary school in Sweden have caused new demands on the teachers. In particular, numerous teachers lack the educational training in science subjects. Therefore, this study aims to investigate teachers’ self-efficacy and needs in relationto science teaching. A total of 71 teachers, divided into three groups of preschool, 1-3 grades and 4-6 grades, were invited to join this pilot study. From the EU FP7 project, PROFILES, a Likert scale questionnaire (with scores from 1 to 3 to represent strongly disagree, agree to strongly agree, and I don’t know was scored 0 was used and revised for the data collection in this pilot study. The results showed that the participating teachers had relatively high self-efficacy and no significant differences were found among the three groups of teachers. However, even though the teachers had high self-efficacy, the needs of further education were expressed by the teachers to a large extent. In particular, the group of preschool teachers addressed the need for more content knowledge (CK in physics and chemistry (>41%. In terms of the groups of 1-3 and 4-6 grades teachers, the needs relating to scientific literacy were revealed, with a focus on engaging students in socio-scientific problems (52%, 56% and assessment (44%, 61%. The implication of this study is discussed in the hope to contribute to teachers’ professional development for both pre- and in-service teachers in science education.

Susanne Walan

2014-03-01

153

Cultural adaptation of condom use self efficacy scale in Ghana  

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Full Text Available Accurate assessment of self-reports of sexual behaviours are vital to the evaluation of HIV prevention and family planning interventions. This investigation was to determine the cross-cultural suitability of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale (CUSES for Ghana. A survey using a sample of 520 aged 17 to 32 years from Ghana completed the anonymous scale. A Principal Component Analysis identified a 14 item scale with four reliable factors labelled Appropriation (Cronbach alpha=.85, Assertive (Cronbach alpha=.90, Pleasure and Intoxicant (Cronbach alpha=.83, and STDs (Cronbach alpha=.81 that altogether explained 73.72% of total variance. The scale correlated well with a measure of actual condom use (r=.73, indicating evidence of construct validity. The factor loadings were similar to the original scale but not identical suggesting relevant cultural variations. The study therefore cautioned researchers against the use of the original CUSES without validation in African settings and contexts

Paul Narh Doku

2010-10-01

154

Nanotechnology and Secondary Science Teacher's Self-Efficacy  

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The recommendations of the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and the multi-agency National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) identified the need to prepare the workforce and specialists in the field of nanotechnology in order for the United States to continue to compete in the global marketplace. There is a lack of research reported in recent literature on the readiness of secondary science teachers to introduce higher level sciences---specifically nanotechnology---in their classes. The central research question of this study examined secondary science teachers' beliefs about teaching nanotechnology comfortably, effectively, and successfully. Bandura's self-efficacy theory provided the conceptual framework for this phenomenological study. A data analysis rubric was used to identify themes and patterns that emerged from detailed descriptions during in-depth interviews with 15 secondary science teachers. The analysis revealed the shared, lived experiences of teachers and their beliefs about their effectiveness and comfort in teaching higher-level sciences, specifically nanotechnology. The results of the study indicated that, with rare exceptions, secondary science teachers do not feel comfortable or effective, nor do they believe they have adequate training to teach nanotechnology concepts to their students. These teachers believed they were not prepared or trained in incorporating these higher level science concepts in the curriculum. Secondary science teachers' self-efficacy and personal beliefs of effectiveness in teaching nanotechnology can be an important component in achieving a positive social change by helping to familiarize high school students with nanotechnology and how it can benefit society and the future of science.

Cox, Elena K.

155

Predictive Power of the Sources of Primary School Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs for Learning and Performance  

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The purpose of this study is to reveal the extent to which the sources of 6th- 8th grade students' self-efficacy beliefs predict their self-efficacy beliefs for learning and performance. The study is correlational and was conducted on a total of 1049 students during the fall term of the educational year 2010-2011. The data of the study were…

Arslan, Ali

2012-01-01

156

Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Abstinence 1 Year After Substance Use Disorder Treatment  

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To better understand the relationship between abstinence self-efficacy and treatment outcomes in substance use disorder patients, experts in the field need more information about the levels of abstinence self-efficacy most predictive of treatment outcomes. Participants (N = 2,967) from 15 residential substance use disorder treatment programs were…

Ilgen, Mark; McKellar, John; Tiet, Quyen

2005-01-01

157

The Relationship between General Self-Efficacy Belief and Burnout Level among Turkish Academicians  

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The aim of this study is to examine the relation between burnout level and general self-efficacy beliefs of academicians working in School of Physical Education and Sport. 178 Academicians working at various universities in Turkey participated in this study. The General Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Schwarzer and Jerusalem (1995), adapted to…

Sevindi, Tarik

2013-01-01

158

Determination of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of High School Students towards Math Literacy  

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The purpose of this study is to determine the high school students' self-efficacy beliefs about math literacy, and examine this beliefs in terms of some variables. The research was conducted on 712 high school students. A questionnaire and Math Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale were used for data collection. The data were analyzed in terms of t-test,…

Ozgen, Kemal; Bindaka, Recep

2011-01-01

159

Personal, social, and cultural correlates of self-efficacy beliefs among South Korean college smokers.  

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Much research has documented the significant influence of self-efficacy on smoking cessation, but considerably less is known as to what health communicators can do to promote or address barriers to self-efficacy. This study investigated personal, social, and cultural correlates of smoking self-efficacy. A survey of college smokers was done in South Korea, where the current smoking rate among males is over 56%. At the personal level, the perceived success-fullness of the last quit trial positively predicted self-efficacy. At the social level, interpersonal communication with friends was positively associated with self-efficacy. The cultural orientation of independent self-construal was positively associated with self-efficacy. These results indicate that factors affecting smokers' self-efficacy are operative in multiple domains and levels. Future communication programs should promote positive perceptions about prior quit trials, and segment the audience in terms of their self-construal to effectively enhance self-efficacy. PMID:19499427

Cho, Hyunyi; So, Jiyeon; Lee, Jinro

2009-06-01

160

Role Ambiguity and Self-Efficacy: The Moderating Effects of Goal Orientation and Procedural Justice  

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The present study investigated variables that moderated the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy. Results of a field study found support for the moderating role of learning goal orientation, such that the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy was weaker when learning goal orientation was high. In addition, we found…

Li, Andrew; Bagger, Jessica

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Self-Efficacy's Influence on Student Academic Achievement in the Medical Anatomy Curriculum  

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Self-efficacy is defined as a person's beliefs in his or her own abilities to successfully complete a task and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic behaviors. More specifically, anatomical self-efficacy is defined as an individual's judgment of his or her ability to successfully complete tasks related to the anatomy…

Burgoon, Jennifer Marie; Meece, Judith L.; Granger, Noelle A.

2012-01-01

162

Self-Efficacy, Curriculum Content, Practicum Experience, and the Interest of Social Work Students in Gerontology  

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The present study examined the linkages among perceptions of self-efficacy, curriculum, and field experience on students' attitudes and interest in working with older adults. Graduate level social work students were surveyed regarding perceived self-efficacy to intervene with older adult clients, the amount of aging content in the master of social…

Olson, Mark D.

2011-01-01

163

Moderating Effects of Adolescents' Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Psychological Responses to Social Change  

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This study investigated whether self-efficacy beliefs measured before the onset of social change would moderate effects of social change on adolescents' life satisfaction, optimism regarding their future, and educational success. Self-efficacy beliefs of 593 German adolescents were measured between 1985 and 1988 before German unification. In 1992,…

Pinquart, Martin; Silbereisen, Rainer K.; Juang, Linda P.

2004-01-01

164

Leadership Attributes Valence in Self-Concept and Occupational Self-Efficacy  

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between leadership-relevant attributes and occupational self-efficacy in management students. It is assumed that leadership-relevant attributes are related to high self-efficacy beliefs. Design/methodology/approach: In the present study management students from three different…

Schyns, Birgit; Sczesny, Sabine

2010-01-01

165

Ideal Teacher Behaviors: Student Motivation and Self-Efficacy Predict Preferences  

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Differences in students' academic self-efficacy and motivation were examined in predicting preferred teacher traits. Undergraduates (261) completed the Teaching Behavior Checklist, Academic Self-Concept scale, and Academic Motivation scale. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that academic self-efficacy and extrinsic motivation explained…

Komarraju, Meera

2013-01-01

166

Item Response Modeling: An Evaluation of the Children's Fruit and Vegetable Self-Efficacy Questionnaire  

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Perceived self-efficacy (SE) for eating fruit and vegetables (FV) is a key variable mediating FV change in interventions. This study applies item response modeling (IRM) to a fruit, juice and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire (FVSEQ) previously validated with classical test theory (CTT) procedures. The 24-item (five-point Likert scale) FVSEQ…

Watson, Kathy; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe

2006-01-01

167

Middle School Students' Science Self-Efficacy and Its Sources: Examination of Gender Difference  

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The main purpose of the present study is to investigate middle school students' science self-efficacy as well as its sources and outcomes as a function of gender. Bandura's hypothesized sources of self-efficacy (i.e., mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal) in addition to being inviting with self and…

Kiran, Dekant; Sungur, Semra

2012-01-01

168

Developing Teaching Self-Efficacy in Research Institutions: A Study of Award-Winning Professors  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the sources of award-wining research professors' (six women; six men) teaching self-efficacy through the framework of Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory. Semi-structured interviews revealed that mastery experiences and social persuasions were particularly influential sources of self-efficacy and that…

Morris, David B.; Usher, Ellen L.

2011-01-01

169

Social Self-Efficacy, Academic Locus of Control, and Internet Addiction  

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The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of internet addiction, social self-efficacy, and academic locus of control. Participants were 311 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Academic Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale. The…

Iskender, Murat; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

170

An Investigation of the Self-Efficacy of Male and Female Academics.  

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Assessed strength of self-efficacy and frequency of performing academic tasks in Australian academics (N=337). Results showed significant differences in self-efficacy and task frequency due to rank and sex on each factor (research, teaching, administration, miscellaneous academic tasks) and across factors. Highlights implications for academic…

Schoen, Linda Gail; Winocur, Sharon

1988-01-01

171

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-Efficacy  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that…

Knowles, Reco T.

2012-01-01

172

Effects of Using Spreadsheets on Secondary School Students' Self-Efficacy for Algebra  

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Although research has shown that self-efficacy beliefs predict academic achievement across all academic subjects and levels, little is known about the effect of using spreadsheets on self-efficacy beliefs in mathematics. This study is an investigation of the effect of instruction that includes spreadsheet-based purposeful activities on secondary…

Topcu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

173

Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment  

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A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial university. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as…

Goodwin, K. Shane; Ostrom, Lee; Scott, Karen Wilson

2009-01-01

174

Library Instruction and College Student Self-Efficacy in Electronic Information Searching.  

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Explores whether library instruction can enhance college students' self-efficacy in electronic information searching. Assesses self-efficacy before and after library instruction; examines how self-esteem is related to students' attitudes toward acquiring electronic search skills, their emotions, and search performance; and discusses implications…

Ren, Wen-Hua

2000-01-01

175

Educational Aspirations: The Contribution of Personality, Self-Efficacy, and Interests.  

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Using data from 365 students, blocks of Big Five personality factors, six self-efficacy measures, and six interests from the Strong Interest Inventory were entered into hierarchical regressions. Personality, self-efficacy, and interests each made independent contributions explaining the level of educational aspiration. (Contains 58 references.)…

Rottinghaus, Patrick J.; Lindley, Lori D.; Green, Melinda A.; Borgen, Fred H.

2002-01-01

176

Social Support, Infant Temperament, and Parenting Self-Efficacy: A Mediational Model of Postpartum Depression  

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Infant temperamental difficulty was strongly related to mothers' level of postpartum depression, both directly and through the mediation of parenting self-efficacy. Social support appeared to function protectively against depression, primarily through self-efficacy. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed. (Author/RH)

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Troutman, Beth R.

1986-01-01

177

Teacher Self-Efficacy for Teaching Students to Lead IEP Meetings  

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The level of self-efficacy exhibited by an individual has been closely linked to how that individual will perform a given task. Previous studies on teacher self-efficacy focused on general activities and were less specific regarding special education teachers' perceived ability to perform a given task. Based on the theoretical framework of…

Scott, LaRon

2010-01-01

178

Path Analysis Examining Self-Efficacy and Decision-Making Performance on a Simulated Baseball Task  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision-making self-efficacy and decision-making performance in sport. Undergraduate students (N = 78) performed 10 trials of a decision-making task in baseball. Self-efficacy was measured before performing each trial. Decision-making performance was assessed by decision speed and…

Hepler, Teri J.; Feltz, Deborah L.

2012-01-01

179

Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity Scale  

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This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation yielded five factors: self-efficacy to overcome internal, harassment, physical…

Dwyer, John J. M.; Chulak, Tala; Maitland, Scott; Allison, Kenneth R.; Lysy, Daria C.; Faulkner, Guy E. J.; Sheeshka, Judy

2012-01-01

180

The Effects of Exercise Advertising on Self-efficacy and Decisional Balance  

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Objectives: To investigate the effects of exercise advertising on self-efficacy and decisional balance for changing exercise behavior. Methods: One hundred seventy-four university students (females = 108; males = 66) watched a video that contained health, appearance, or control advertising and completed stage of change, exercise self-efficacy, and…

Berry, Tanya R.; Howe, Bruce L.

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

The Impact of Achievement Goals on Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Does Self-Efficacy Make a Difference?  

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Purpose: The relationships among students' self-efficacy, 2 × 2 achievement goals (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], and performance-avoidance goals), and achievement performance remain largely unanswered. We tested a model of the mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between 2 × 2…

Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lochbaum, Marc; Guan, Jianmin

2013-01-01

182

The Relationships between University Students' Chemistry Laboratory Anxiety, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

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The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between chemistry laboratory anxiety, chemistry attitudes, and self-efficacy. Participants were 395 university students. Participants completed the Chemistry Laboratory Anxiety Scale, the Chemistry Attitudes Scale, and the Self-efficacy Scale. Results showed that chemistry laboratory anxiety…

Kurbanoglu, N. Izzet; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

183

Using logistic regression to investigate self-efficacy and the predictors for National Council Licensure Examination success for baccalaureate nursing students  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Ensuring success on the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX® is a complex role for nurse educators. It is vital that nurse educators attain knowledge about the predictors of NCLEX success so they can design strategies and interventions to optimize student performance. Numerous studies are noted that examined the predictors for NCLEX success, reflecting great interest in this area. However, most investigated the academic predictors; few studies examined the nonacademic predictors. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of selected academic, nonacademic, and self-efficacy variables on NCLEX outcomes to provide new knowledge to nursing science about these predictors. Methods: This quantitative study used Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory as the theoretical framework to guide its focus. Academic variables were pre-nursing scores/grades and nursing course grades, while the nonacademic variables focused on personal and environmental factors/stressors, primary language spoken, and self-efficacy expectations. A national study was conducted using an online survey. After nursing graduates (n=196 received their NCLEX scores, instruments with established reliability and validity were used to collect data about their experiences while attending school. The instruments included the (1 Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (RLCQ; (2 The Brief Measure of Worry Severity (BMWS; and (3 The General Perceived Self-Efficacy scale. Multiple logistic regression was the primary data analysis method used to identify the variables that influence NCLEX passage. Correlation analysis using Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was also done to identify relationships existing among self-efficacy, and academic and nonacademic variables of NCLEX passage. The Chi-square test for independence was used to investigate primary language spoken and NCLEX outcome. Results: Logistic regression findings demonstrated that the medical-surgical grade, home and family events and responsibilities, and self-efficacy expectations were significant variables affecting NCLEX outcomes. Correlation analysis revealed that all academic variables showed a positive correlation with self-efficacy expectations, indicating that as a course grade improved, self-efficacy increased. Also, negative correlations between the nonacademic variables and self-efficacy expectations indicated that as worry or responsibilities increased for the individual, self-efficacy decreased. The Chi-square test for independence showed a significant relationship between primary language spoken and NCLEX outcome. Conclusions: Findings imply that medical-surgical nursing courses need to be a priority in curriculum planning. Another finding demonstrates the influence of self-efficacy on NCLEX passage – the more confident a student is and the more support systems available, the better he or she will perform. This finding points to the critical need for nurse educators to study ways to increase a student’s self-confidence. The findings of this study also demonstrated that home and family events and responsibilities influence success. This knowledge may assist nurse educators to consider informing students about the need for them to seek out assistance from faculty if home and family events present obstacles to learning. Finally, it was noted that primary language spoken affects outcome. Nurse educators need to plan curricular strategies that will meet individual student needs by having a variety of support resources in place for these students. 

Linda Anne Silvestri

2012-12-01

184

Enhancing Pre-service Teacher’s Self-efficacy and Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Designing Digital Media with Self-regulated Learning Instructional Support in Online Project-based Learning  

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Full Text Available This study investigated pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy in designing digital media and their technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK for designing digital media using different forms of self- regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning. The study used a 2x2 factorial research design. The sample consisted of 232 pre-service teachers from an institution situated in Bangkok, Thailand. The four different forms of self-regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning were PB+SQ+PA, PB+SQonly, PB+PAonly, and PBonly. Two-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was used for data analysis. The results showed significant differences in pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy and TPCK posttest scores. No main effect was found between two different self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores and TPCK scores. The self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had a statistically significant interaction upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores while the self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had no interaction upon the means of the TPCK scores.

2013-01-01

185

Self-efficacy and its application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a critical review  

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Full Text Available Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, a prevalent progressively disabling disease affecting one or both knee joints requires extensive self-management. Self-efficacy, a psychological attribute generally denoting one’s perceived belief about their ability to successfully perform a particular behavior, including health behaviors, is a significant predictor of psychological well-being, adherence to prescribed treatments, and pain coping mechanisms in persons with various forms of chronic disease, including arthritis. This paper examines the available peer-reviewed research published over the last 35 years detailing: i the concept of self-efficacy, ii the relationship between self-efficacy and adjustment to arthritis, iii the research concerning self-efficacy in the context of knee osteoarthritis disability, and iv some promising approaches for promoting the wellbeing of adults with knee osteoarthritis through the application of self-efficacy theory and other approaches. Based on this data, directions for future research and practice are offered.

Ray Marks

2012-01-01

186

Emotional Intelligence, Self-efficacy and Diversity Receptiveness of University Students: A Correlation Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the interrelationship of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy drives, and diversity receptiveness of overseas college students. Factors of emotional intelligence, self-efficacies and diversity receptiveness were examined with these overseas students. Survey data on demographics, the Emotions Scale (EIS, Self-efficacy scale (SES and Diversity Receptive Scale (DRS were collected from eighty nine students enrolled in post graduate business programs. In data collection this study used simple random sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and bivariate correlations between emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and diversity receptiveness. The findings of the study indicate that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence, the competencies of self-efficacy, and diversity receptiveness of college students.

Saeed Behjat

2012-04-01

187

[Self-efficacy and related factors related in Parkinson's disease patients].  

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This study was designed to assess self-efficacy and the factors leading to higher self-efficacy in Parkinson's disease patients, as measured by General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES). Questionnaires were mailed to patients with Parkinson's disease in Tokyo. This study surveyed 73 male and 70 female patients. Approximately 66.5% of the patients fell into the low self-efficacy group. Data was divided into 3 groups (high, moderate and low) and evaluated statistically. Approximately 66.5% of the patients fell into the low self-efficacy group. Patients in the high self-efficacy group exhibited the following features: Males: 1) The male patients in the high self-efficacy group tended to belong to more groups and had less trouble than any other groups in coping with their daily lives; 2) they generally had people to turn to for mental support outside their families, and for their daily life inside or outside their families; 3) they also felt confident that they had sufficient understanding of better life styles and how to exercise. Females: 1) The female patients in the high self-efficacy group tended to go out more often than any other groups and had places to go where they could practice hobbies and exercise; 2) they generally had people outside their families to turn to for mental support; 3) their subjective symptoms, such as freezing and dysarthria, tend to be less acute than in the moderate or low self-efficacy patients. 4) had les trouble than any other groups in coping with their housing accommodations; 5) they also felt confident that they understood how to exercise. In order to increase self-efficacy among Parkinson's disease patients, this study suggests that support, both social and psychological, and providing health education, are important. PMID:9528275

Fujii, C; Aoshima, T; Sato, S; Mori, N; Ohkoshi, N; Oda, S

1997-11-01

188

Self-Efficacy, Performance, Training and Well-Being of Industrial Workers in Lagos, Nigeria  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether Self- Efficacy (SE has anything to do with industrialemployees’ training, performance and well-being in Nigeria industrial settings. Self-Efficacy (belief about one’sability to accomplish specific tasks form a central role in the regulatory process through which an individual’smotivation and performance are governed. It also affects employees’ training and well-being. The descriptivesurvey research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted. The population for the study consisted ofemployees of SKG Lagos, Glaxo, Ikeja and Smithkline Beecham, Ogba. The simple random sampling techniquewas used to select 274 respondents for the study. Four research instruments structured on a modified four pointrating format of Strongly Agree (SA=4, Agree (A=3, Disagree (D=2. Strongly Disagree (SD=1 were used andhaving reliability coefficient of: Self-Efficacy Scale (SES=0.85; Training Acquisition Scale (TAS=0.80; WorkPerformance Scale (WPS=0.82 and Well-being Scale (WBS=0.87. Data were analyzed with t-test statistic. Thefinding revealed that workers with high self-efficacy are higher performers of assigned duties than those withlow selfefficacy, workers with high level of self-efficacy are more amenable to training than those with lowlevel of selfefficacy and workers with high self-efficacy are better in their well-being than those with low selfefficacy. It was recommended that industrial social worker should work on the psychic of the workers so thattheir self-efficacy can be developed or strengthen positively with the intent of promoting higher performance,adaptability to training and fostering of employees well-being.

E. M. Ajala

2013-05-01

189

The Combined Effects of Classroom Teaching and Learning Strategy Use on Students' Chemistry Self-Efficacy  

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For students to be successful in school chemistry, a strong sense of self-efficacy is essential. Chemistry self-efficacy can be defined as students' beliefs about the extent to which they are capable of performing specific chemistry tasks. According to Bandura (Psychol. Rev. 84:191-215, 1977), students acquire information about their level of self-efficacy from four sources: performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. No published studies have investigated how instructional strategies in chemistry lessons can provide students with positive experiences with these four sources of self-efficacy information and how the instructional strategies promote students' chemistry self-efficacy. In this study, questionnaire items were constructed to measure student perceptions about instructional strategies, termed efficacy-enhancing teaching, which can provide positive experiences with the four sources of self-efficacy information. Structural equation modeling was then applied to test a hypothesized mediation model, positing that efficacy-enhancing teaching positively affects students' chemistry self-efficacy through their use of deep learning strategies such as metacognitive control strategies. A total of 590 chemistry students at nine secondary schools in Hong Kong participated in the survey. The mediation model provided a good fit to the student data. Efficacy-enhancing teaching had a direct effect on students' chemistry self-efficacy. Efficacy-enhancing teaching also directly affected students' use of deep learning strategies, which in turn affected students' chemistry self-efficacy. The implications of these findings for developing secondary school students' chemistry self-efficacy are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2014-05-01

190

Validation of a self-efficacy instrument and its relationship to performance of crisis resource management skills  

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Self-efficacy is thought to be important for resuscitation proficiency in that it influences the development of and access to the associated medical knowledge, procedural skills and crisis resource management (CRM) skills. Since performance assessment of CRM skills is challenging, self-efficacy is often used as a measure of competence in this area. While self-efficacy may influence performance, the true relationship between self-efficacy and performance in this setting has not been delineated...

Plant, Jennifer L.; Schaik, Sandrijn M.; Sliwka, Diane C.; Boscardin, Christy K.; O’sullivan, Patricia S.

2011-01-01

191

Examining Elementary School-Aged Children's Self-Efficacy and Proxy Efficacy for Fruit and Vegetable Consumption  

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Children's self-efficacy for fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) and proxy efficacy to influence others to make fruit and vegetables (FV) available may influence their FVC. A previous investigation has demonstrated that self-efficacy for fruit consumption, self-efficacy for vegetable consumption, proxy efficacy to influence parents to make FV…

Geller, Karly S.; Dzewaltowski, David A.

2010-01-01

192

Junior High School Students Internet Usage and Self-Efficacy: A Re-Examination of the Gender Gap  

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This paper investigated the gender differences in junior high school students' Internet self-efficacy and their use of the Internet. A total of 1080 eighth graders were randomly selected from all junior high school students in Taiwan. The Internet Self-Efficacy Scale (ISES) was developed and used to examine students' Internet self-efficacy in two…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

193

Does Math Self-Efficacy Mediate the Effect of the Perceived Classroom Environment on Standardized Math Test Performance?  

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We examined the effect of the perceived classroom environment on math self-efficacy and the effect of math self-efficacy on standardized math test performance. Upper elementary school students (N = 1,163) provided self-reports of their perceived math self-efficacy and the degree to which their math classroom environment was mastery oriented,…

Fast, Lisa A.; Lewis, James L.; Bryant, Michael J.; Bocian, Kathleen A.; Cardullo, Richard A.; Rettig, Michael; Hammond, Kimberly A.

2010-01-01

194

The Use of the "Teaching as Inquiry Model" to Develop Students' Self-Efficacy in Literature Response Essay Writing  

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This article describes a project conducted with Year 12 English students. It was based on the model of "Teaching as Inquiry" (Ministry of Education, 2007) and aimed to develop students' self-efficacy in relation to their literature-response essay writing. Self-efficacy was measured using Bandura's (2006) self-efficacy scale and an intervention was…

Featonby, Amy

2012-01-01

195

Gender Differences in School Children's Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Students' and Teachers' Perspectives  

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This small scale study examined gender differences in self-efficacy. 24 girls and 28 boys aged between 10 and 12 years completed self-efficacy questionnaires and attainment tests. The study was conducted in two primary school classrooms in England and the results indicated that gender differences in self-efficacy were significant with boys holding…

Webb-Williams, Jane

2014-01-01

196

2011 Outstanding AFCPE[R] Conference Paper: Development and Validation of a Financial Self-Efficacy Scale  

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This study developed a 6-item Financial Self-Efficacy Scale for use by researchers, educators, counselors, and advisors. Bandura's concept of self-efficacy and Prochaska's Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change provided the theoretical framework. Scale items were adapted from Schwarzer and Jerusalem's (1995) General Self-Efficacy Scale.…

Lown, Jean M.

2011-01-01

197

Self-Efficacy in EFL: Difference among Proficiency Groups and Relationship with Success  

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Full Text Available This study intended to investigate the self-efficacy of EFL students enrolled at Gaziantep University’s School of Foreign Languages (GUSFL. More specifically, the aim was to explore EFL self-efficacy level of the students in relation to their academic success in English. In addition, demographic variables such as students’ age and gender were studied in relation to their self-efficacy. This study was conducted in the spring semester of 2007-2008 academic years. One hundred seventy five preparatory students at GUSFL (60 females and 115 males participated in the study with the mean age of 19.7. The data were collected through the English as a Foreign Language Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (EFL-SEQ. The analysis of the EFL self-efficacy survey revealed that EFL learners at GUSFL had high sense of self-efficacy in language learning tasks. Therefore, self-efficacy was disclosed to be an influential aspect in students’ success in English language learning.

Filiz Yalç?n TILFARLIO?LU

2009-10-01

198

A COMPARISON OF FOOTBALL PLAYERS’ SPORT CONFIDENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS IN TURKEY  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to examine the sport confidence and self-efficacy beliefs in football players participating in either super league (N = 48 or second league (N = 53. Athletes completed the Trait Sport Confidence Inventory (TSCI, State Sport Confidence Invetory (SSCI, and Self-Efficacy Scale (SES. Pearson Moment Correlation results indicated a positive significant relationship between State Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacy levels (r = .492, Trait Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacty levels (r = .493 and State Sport Confidence and Trait Sport Confidence levels (r = .766 of the Super League players. Results also revealed a non-significant relationship between State Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacy levels (r = .227 and a postive significant relationship was found between Trait Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacty levels (r = .271 and State Sport Confidence and Trait Sport Confidence levels (r = .787 of the Second League players. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA analyses revealed significant differences between the Super League and Second League players’ self-efficacy beliefs (F(1,99 = 7.188, p = .009. The linear regression results revealed that for both the Super League and Second League players, trait sport-confidence predicted state sport-confidence and self-efficacy. Finally, it was revealed that the super league and second league football players were similar with regard to sport confidence, whereas, they had different self-efficacy beliefs..

Ozan BOZKURT

2012-12-01

199

Associations between depressive symptoms, self-efficacy, eating styles, exercise and body mass index in women.  

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This article explores cross-sectional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass index (BMI) in women working in schools in the Greater New Orleans area. Self-efficacy for eating and exercise, eating styles, and exercise are examined as potential pathways. This is a secondary data analysis of 743 women who were participating in a workplace wellness randomized controlled trial to address environmental factors influencing eating and exercise behaviors using baseline data prior to the intervention. BMI was the primary outcome examined. Path analysis suggested that increased depressive symptoms were associated with increased BMI in women. Indirect effects of depressive symptoms on BMI were found for increased healthy eating self-efficacy, increased emotional eating, and decreased exercise self-efficacy. The association between greater healthy eating self efficacy and BMI was unexpected, and may indicate a suppressor effect of eating self-efficacy in the relationship between depressive symptoms and BMI in women. The findings suggest the importance of depressive symptoms to BMI in women. Targets for interventions to reduce BMI include targeting depressive symptoms and related sequelae including self-efficacy for exercise, and emotional eating. Further investigation of eating self-efficacy and BMI are recommended with particular attention to both efficacy for health eating and avoidance of unhealthy foods. PMID:23934179

Clum, Gretchen A; Rice, Janet C; Broussard, Marsha; Johnson, Carolyn C; Webber, Larry S

2014-08-01

200

The relationships of self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work to health-related quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)  

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Purpose Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) primarily affects the lungs, it is regarded as a systemic disorder associated with comorbidity and physical deterioration, which often results in reduced levels of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Self-efficacy is an important concept in self-management, which is vital for improving HRQoL in patients with COPD. The purpose of this study was to examine how general self-efficacy, leisure time physical activity, and sociodemographic variables such as employment status are related to the physical and mental health components of HRQoL in patients with COPD. Patients and methods In this cross-sectional study, 97 COPD patients (54.6% male, mean age 64.6 years, standard deviation [SD] 9.5) beginning a pulmonary rehabilitation program completed three self-report questionnaires: the short form (SF)-12v2 Health Survey as a measure of HRQoL; the General Self-Efficacy Scale; and a standardized instrument measuring regular leisure time physical activity. Results The physical health component median score was 31.3 (interquartile range [IQR] 16.3) and the mental health component median score was 45.9 (IQR 21.5). Two sets of linear regression analyses were performed, one predicting physical health and the other predicting mental health. The first analysis showed that better physical health was directly related to being in paid work (P-value pulmonary rehabilitation.

Andenaes, Randi; Bentsen, Signe Berit; Hvinden, Kari; Fagermoen, May Solveig; Lerdal, Anners

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Writing self-efficacy changes after cognitive strategy intervention in students with learning disabilities: the mediational role of gender in calibration.  

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This study examines the mediational role of gender in the effects of two patterns of cognitive and self-regulatory strategy interventions in the writing self-efficacy calibration of students with learning disabilities (LD). 121 5th and 6th Primary grade students with LD (43 girls and 78 boys), ranging in age from 10 to 12 years old were randomly allocated either to one of the experimental intervention groups, (n=48, 19 girls and 29 boys), and followed a intervention program based on the Self-Regulated Strategy Development Model, or they received training based on the Social Cognitive Model of Sequential Skill Acquisition (n=31, 15 girls and 26 boys), or alternatively they were allocated to the ordinary instruction group (n=32, 9 girls and 23 boys). Writing performance was assessed using two types of writing evaluation: a reader-based score concerned with structure, coherence and quality, and a text based score regarding productivity, coherence and structure. Writing self-efficacy beliefs were also assessed using a self-report scale including eight items about the students' confidence in completing a writing task and to gain specific writing skills. The results suggest that the miscalibration of writing self-efficacy in girls with LD was significantly modified to a more realistic calibration of their writing competence after experimental intervention. However, the findings do not confirm the same clear statement for boys. PMID:18988428

García, Jesús-Nicasio; Fidalgo, Raquel

2008-11-01

202

Affective Factors That Influence Chemistry Achievement (Attitude And Self EfficacyAnd The Power Of These Factors To Predict Chemistry Achievement-I  

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Full Text Available In this research, our aim was to determine students’ perception level of attitude and self efficacy towards chemistry and to put forth effects of these variables on chemistry achievement for consideration (in other words, to determine how the chemistry achievement were predicted by these variables. In this point of view the research was conducted with 819 students studying at the 1st, 2nd and the 3rd grade of 10 high schools which are located in the city center of Mersin. Addressed to research problems, data was analyzed via descriptive, correlation, linear and multiple regression statistical analyses. As a result it is determined that 2nd graders group of high schools has maximum attitude scores and the attitude towards chemistry lesson, on its own, is a significant predictor of chemistry achievement. it is also determined that 2nd graders group of high schools has maximum self efficacy scores and the self efficacy towards chemistry lesson, on its own, is a significant predictor of chemistry achievement.

Adnan KAN

2006-05-01

203

Do job autonomy and negotiation self-efficacy improve employment relationships?  

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Full Text Available This study investigated whether improving the employment relationship does more depend on negotiation selfefficacy or on task outonomy for a sample of employees from a Dutch telecom company. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the effects of negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy on integrative negotiation and the effect of integrative negotiation on psychological contract breach. Results indicate that employees negotiate more integratively when they have higher negotiation self-efficacy, compared to employees with more task autonomy. Empirical support was found for the prediction that higher negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy correlates with less psychological contract breach.

Peter R A Oeij

2006-02-01

204

A new occupational self-efficacy scale and its relation to personality constructs and organizational variables.  

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Three studies on occupational self-efficacy are presented. In the first study, a scale of occupational self-efficacy is developed and set in relation to several personality constructs (general self-efficacy, self-esteem, internal control beliefs, and neuroticism). The correlations found are in the expected direction and of the expected size. In a second and third study, results on the relation to task demands, leader-member exchange (that is quality of exchange between a leader and his/her su...

2002-01-01

205

Self-Efficacy in EFL: Difference among Proficiency Groups and Relationship with Success  

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This study intended to investigate the self-efficacy of EFL students enrolled at Gaziantep University’s School of Foreign Languages (GUSFL). More specifically, the aim was to explore EFL self-efficacy level of the students in relation to their academic success in English. In addition, demographic variables such as students’ age and gender were studied in relation to their self-efficacy. This study was conducted in the spring semester of 2007-2008 academic years. One hundred seventy five p...

2009-01-01

206

Change in self-efficacy, autonomous and controlled motivation predicting smoking.  

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Although motivational interviewing (MI) has been shown to be effective in changing health behaviors, its effects on smoking cessation have been mixed. The purpose of the present study is to assess factors of motivation and self-efficacy as they mediate the relationship between MI and smoking cessation. This is a secondary analysis of an MI based smoking cessation randomized trial. MI counseling was associated with change in smoking behaviors during a 12 months intervention but was not related to autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, or self-efficacy at baseline and 6 months, the hypothesized mediators. This study confirmed the pathway to quit smoking through increase in self-efficacy. PMID:22076554

Cupertino, Ana-Paula; Berg, Carla; Gajewski, Byron; Hui, Siu-kuen Azor; Richter, Kimber; Catley, Delwyn; Ellerbeck, Edward F

2012-07-01

207

Effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence and exercise self-efficacy in community-dwelling older persons.  

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Background. This study determines the effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence (step counts) and level of exercise self-efficacy (ESE) in community-dwelling older persons. Methods. Sixty-three participants (age = 63.8 ± 4.5 years) were enrolled in this controlled quasi-experimental study. They were divided into 3 groups: (1) EBG performed a 6-week exercise intervention followed by a 5-week behavioral program, (2) EG performed exercise intervention similar to EBG, and (3) control group (CG) did not receive any interventions. Step counts were measured based on the scores recorded by a pedometer while ESE was measured by a self-reported ESE scale. Results. Data analysis showed significant differences due to time effect (F(1,2) = 39.884, P step counts. As for ESE, significant differences were also found for time effect (F(2,4) = 66.628, P step counts and ESE compared to other groups (all P < 0.05). Conclusion. This study suggests that the addition of a behavioral program is superior as compared to exercising alone on increasing exercise adherence and level of self-efficacy in older persons. PMID:24489539

Azizan, Azliyana; Justine, Maria; Kuan, Chua Siew

2013-01-01

208

Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Barriers on the Low-Iodine Diet among Thyroid Cancer Patients Preparing for Radioactive Iodine Therapy  

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The purposes of the study were to assess knowledge, self-efficacy, and perceived barriers on a low-iodine diet among thyroid cancer patients and to identify strategies for nutrition education. A self-administered questionnaire was developed based on a review of literature and pilot-tested. A total of 121 female thyroid cancer patients participated in a survey and 117 responses were used for data analysis. An average knowledge score of the thyroid cancer patients was 4.5 point (available score...

Moon, Jeong-ah; Yoo, Chang-hee; Kim, Mi Hwa; Lee, Song Mi; Oh, Young Ja; Ryu, Young Hoon; Lee, Yong Sang; Chang, Hang Seok; Park, Cheong Soo; Lee, Kyung-eun

2012-01-01

209

Transcultured Selves under Scrutiny: W(h)ither Languages?  

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The paper responds to the invitation in the Conference Guidelines to consider whether "the transcultured self is a utopian ideal". Taking a humanist and Bergsonian view, it presents three transcultured selves from modern European culture to explore a model of cultural identity based on the idea of "being in becoming". Foreign language acquisition…

Parry, Margaret

2003-01-01

210

Self-efficacy of knee function as a pre-operative predictor of outcome 1 year after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.  

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The knee self-efficacy scale (K-SES) has been shown to have good reliability, validity and responsiveness during rehabilitation for patients' perceived self-efficacy of knee function. Determinants of self-efficacy of knee function 1 year after ACL reconstruction have been found to be the patients' internal locus of control and knee symptoms in sports and recreation. The predictive ability of perceived self-efficacy of knee function measured by the K-SES has not been studied in terms of patient outcome after an ACL reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential for pre-operative self-efficacy of knee function measured by the K-SES to predict patient outcome in terms of physical activity, knee symptoms and muscle function 1 year after an ACL reconstruction. Thirty-eight patients were evaluated for outcome in terms of physical activity with the Tegner activity scale and the physical activity scale (PAS), knee symptoms with the Lysholm knee scoring scale and the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) and knee function with ability tests for muscle function 1 year after ACL reconstruction. Multiple regression and logistic multiple regression analysis were used to evaluate the K-SES as a possible predictor of outcome. The patients' present perceived self-efficacy of knee function (K-SES(Present)) pre-operatively was a significant predictor (P = 0.016) of the patients returning to their intensity and frequency of physical activity (PAS) 1 year after ACL reconstruction, when adjusted for age, gender and pre-injury physical activity level (Tegner(Pre-injury)) (odds ratio = 2.1). The patients' perceived future self-efficacy of knee function (K-SES(Future)) pre-operatively was a significant predictor (P = 0.045) of their self-rated knee function in sports/recreational activities (KOOS(Sports/recreation)) at the 1-year follow-up, when adjusted for age, gender and Tegner(Pre-injury )(R (2 )=0.25). The pre-operative K-SES(Future) was also a significant predictor (P = 0.023) of the patients' knee-related quality of life (KOOS(Qol)), at the 1-year follow-up, when adjusted for age, gender and Tegner(Pre-injury) (R (2 )=0.23). The pre-operative K-SES(Future) was furthermore a significant predictor of an acceptable outcome 1 year after surgery, on the Lysholm knee scoring scale (P = 0.003, odds ratio = 1.7), as well as on KOOS(Sports/recreation) (P = 0.002, odds ratio = 1.6) and knee-related quality of life (KOOS(Qol)) (P = 0.037, odds ratio = 1.4), when adjusted for age, gender and Tegner(Pre-injury). The pre-operative K-SES(Future) was also a significant predictor (P = 0.04) of an acceptable outcome 1 year after surgery, on the one-leg hop for distance (odds ratio = 2.2), when adjusted for age, gender and Tegner(Pre-injury). In conclusion, this study indicates that patients' perceived self-efficacy of knee function pre-operatively is of predictive value for their return to acceptable levels of physical activity, symptoms and muscle function 1 year after ACL reconstruction. PMID:18034333

Thomeé, Pia; Währborg, Peter; Börjesson, Mats; Thomeé, Roland; Eriksson, B I; Karlsson, Jon

2008-02-01

211

Italian youth subculture: collection, self-esteem, and self-efficacy.  

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63 young people (M age=23.9 yr., SD=2.4, 50 men, 13 women) belonging to four subculture groups (New American Punk, Cyberpunk, Trash Style, and Rasta-Hippy) were studied to examine the relationship between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and the development of a body modification collection. A survey was created to evaluate quality of life, risk behaviour, and body modification. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. Belonging to a group which permits neglect of standard norms of communal life makes it possible to avoid facing up to low self-esteem. Adherence to a group appears, from the results of this study, to be correlated with self-efficacy; inability to cope with life situations suggests a state of malaise in these young people. PMID:15587221

Pravettoni, Gabriella; Miglioretti, Massimo

2004-10-01

212

Parental Attachment, Inter-Parental Conflict and Late Adolescent’s Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between parental attachment, inter-parental conflict and self-efficacy among 374 college students aged 17 to 19 years old in Iran. The probability proportional to size sampling technique was used to obtain sample size. The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, the Children’s Perception of Inter-parental Conflict Scale, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale were used to measure parental attachment, inter-parental conflict and self-efficacy, respectively. Results of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that parental attachment was positively and inter-parental conflict was negatively associated with adolescent’s self-efficacy.

Nakisa Parsa

2014-03-01

213

Teacher self-efficacy and perceived autonomy: relations with teacher engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion.  

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When studied separately, research shows that both teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are associated with adaptive motivational and emotional outcomes. This study tested whether teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are independently associated with engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. 2,569 Norwegian teachers in elementary school and middle school (719 men, 1,850 women; M age = 45.0 yr., SD = 11.5) were administered the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale, the Teacher Autonomy Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Teacher Job Satisfaction Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The analysis revealed that both teacher autonomy and self-efficacy were independent predictors of engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. This study suggests that autonomy or decision latitude works positively but through different processes for teachers with high and low mastery expectations. PMID:24765710

Skaalvik, Einar M; Skaalvik, Sidsel

2014-02-01

214

Help seeking, self-efficacy, and writing performance among college students  

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Full Text Available Adaptive help seeking and self-efficacy have been examined extensively over the last 20 years, but few studies have investigated their role in writing center tutoring, which has become an important component of process-oriented writing instruction. Using data collected over an 8-year period, this study analyzes the effect of writing self-efficacy (assessed using established self-efficacy scales and help-seeking behavior (measured by frequency of writing center visitation on writing performance as measured by composition grades. Participants were 671 undergraduates, approximately half of whom were international students for whom English was a second or third language. Data analyses showed an inverse correlation between self-efficacy and help-seeking behavior. In addition, high levels of help-seeking behavior resulted in better performance in composition classes, especially for the ESL participants; indeed, this behavior was the strongest predictor of success.

Williams, James D.

2011-07-01

215

Bystander behavior in bullying situations: basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy.  

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The aim of the present study was to investigate how basic moral sensitivity in bullying, moral disengagement in bullying and defender self-efficacy were related to different bystander behaviors in bullying. Therefore, we examined pathways that linked students' basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement, and defender self-efficacy to different bystander behaviors in bullying situations. Three hundred and forty-seven teenagers completed a bullying survey. Findings indicated that compared with boys, girls expressed higher basic moral sensitivity in bullying, lower defender self-efficacy and moral disengagement in bullying. Results from the SEM showed that basic moral sensitivity in bullying was negatively related to pro-bully behavior and positively related to outsider and defender behavior, mediated by moral disengagement in bullying, which in turn was positively related to pro-bully behavior and negatively related to outsider and defender behavior. What differed in the relations between outsider and defender behaviors was the degree of defender self-efficacy. PMID:23522703

Thornberg, Robert; Jungert, Tomas

2013-06-01

216

Effect of baseline self-efficacy on physical activity and psychological stress after a one-week pedometer intervention.  

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Physical activity and psychological stress were hypothesized to improve more in participants with high self-efficacy than in those with low and medium self-efficacy after a one-week intervention. 39 female university students participated. The intervention had two steps: a lecture on self-monitoring and goal setting (160 min.) and a one-week pedometer intervention. Analyses were conducted on tertile groups according to self-efficacy at baseline. Pedometer step counts were higher in the high self-efficacy group than in the low self-efficacy group after intervention. Helplessness decreased time dependently after intervention only in the high-self-efficacy group. Because physical activity improved more in the high self-efficacy group after a one-week intervention, one hypothesis was supported. PMID:22755445

Tayama, Jun; Yamasaki, Hironori; Tamai, Mami; Hayashida, Masaki; Shirabe, Susumu; Nishiura, Kazuki; Hamaguchi, Toyohiro; Tomiie, Tadaaki; Nakaya, Naoki

2012-04-01

217

Autoeficacia en escolares adolescentes: su relación con la depresión, el rendimiento académico y las relaciones familiares / Self-efficacy in school age adolescents: its relationship with depression, academic achievement and family relationships  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las relaciones familiares son estimadas como elementos mediadores en diferentes tipos de autoeficacia; no obstante existe poca evidencia sobre la mediación de las relaciones familiares con la autoeficacia académica. Con respecto a ésta última se ha reportado su relación con la ansiedad y poco se ha [...] documentado el vínculo con la depresión. En este trabajo se explora la relación entre la depresión, la autoeficacia académica, la dinámica familiar y el rendimiento académico. Participaron ochenta alumnos de educación secundaria, divididos en dos grupos en función de sus puntajes del Inventario de Depresión de Kovacs: en uno de ellos se incluyeron los que fueron identificados como deprimidos severos y en el otro, los que se diagnosticaron sin depresión. A ambos grupos les fueron aplicadas dos escalas: Clima Social en la Familia y Autoeficacia. Los resultados revelan una relación inversa entre depresión y autoeficacia total. La cohesión familiar correlaciona positivamente con la autoeficacia total y con el factor de autoeficacia académica en los sujetos sin depresión, en tanto que en los sujetos deprimidos severos las relaciones familiares conflictivas correlacionan de manera negativa tanto en el factor de autoeficacia social como en la autoeficacia académica. Abstract in english Family relationships are regarded as mediating elements in different types of self-efficacy. However, there is few evidence on the mediating of family relationships with academic self efficacy. In respect to the latter, its relation to anxiety has been reported and its link with depression has been [...] poorly documented. This work explores the relationship between depression, academic self-efficacy, family dynamics and academic achievement. Eighty middle school students participated, divided into two groups by their scores m Kovacs' Inventory of Depression. One group was formed with those students diagnosed with severe depression; the other one was formed with students diagnosed without depression. Both groups were applied two scales: that of Family Enviromental Scale and that of Self Efficacy. The results show an inverse relationship between depression and total self-efficacy. Family cohesion positively correlates total self efficacy and the factor of academic self efficacy on subjects without depression, while, on subjects severely depressed, conflictive family relations correlate in a negative way both the social self efficacy factor and the total academic self efficacy.

Galicia-Moyeda, Iris X.; Sánchez-Velasco, Alejandra; Robles-Ojeda, Francisco J..

218

Self-efficacy and self-management after stroke: a systematic review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose. The purpose of this review is to examine (1) the influence of self-efficacy on rehabilitation outcomes post-stroke, and (2) the evidence to support self-management interventions based on self-efficacy principals for stroke survivors. Method. Medline, Embase, Psychlit, Web of Science, AMED and Cochrane Databases for systematic reviews databases were searched for relevant articles in English between 2000 and ending in July 2009. Articles included (1) primary research testing relationsh...

Jones, Fiona; Riazi, Afsane

2010-01-01

219

Using Self-Efficacy to measure primary school teachers’ perception of ICT: results from two studies  

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The aim of this article is twofold. First, the final results of two research projects, which investigated the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on primary schools teachers in disadvantaged areas in Brazil (BET k-12) and South Africa (MELISSA), are presented and discussed. Second, the Self-Efficacy construct is proposed as a tool to measure how teachers’ perception of being able to use technology (CSE - Computer Self-Efficacy) affects teachers’ perception of being ...

Fanni, Francesca; Rega, Isabella; Cantoni, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

220

Malay Secondary School Students’ Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Descriptive Study  

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As the influential factors affecting intention to become an entrepreneur, entrepreneurial attitude orientation and self-efficacy of students have been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship research. However, there is not enough information on secondary school students’ attitude toward and efficacy of entrepreneurship particularly, in Malaysia. Through a descriptive approach, this study aimed to determine entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in order to evaluate t...

Lope Pihie, Z. A.; Bagheri, A.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Self-Efficacy In Relation Emotional Intelligence Of Senior Secondary School Students  

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This research has been performed with the aim of determining the relation between emotional intelligence (EI) and Self-Efficacy of the senior secondary school students. In gathering the data the descriptive method has been used and the measuring tools of Self-Efficacy Questionnaire developed by Peter Muris and Emotional Intelligence scale (2005) developed by Dr. Rambir Sharma have been used. The results obtained from Pearson Correlation showed that there is a positive signi...

2012-01-01

222

Legal Self-efficacy and its Latent Causes : Human Legal Capital, and Access to Information  

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This study reveals that legal self-efficacy as well as access to and search for internal and external information concerning business risks each bring a significant reduction of business risk in two separate but interrelated channels. The direct channel of risk mediation is that of legal self-efficacy, while the indirect channel of risk mediation is that of information acquisition from texts, media and human sources. Both channels confirm previous findings by Jörgensen (2008) and Cho and Lee...

Fredrik, Jo?rgensen

2008-01-01

223

Effects of EFL Teachers’ Self-efficacy on Motivational Teaching Behaviors  

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This study examined the predictability of EFL teachers’ self-efficacy on their motivational teaching behaviors. Participants involved 112 English teachers from China’s tertiary education institutes selected by a “snowball” sampling strategy and also from an EFL teacher training camp. They completed a questionnaire survey of the demographic information of participants, their perception of self-efficacy, and their motivational teaching behaviors in English classroom. Results from the de...

Wei Huangfu

2012-01-01

224

Human and Social Capital Development for Self Efficacy of University Graduates: Bases for Development of Society  

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The study investigated perceptions of students and employers about the development of human and social capital in terms of intellectual development skills, personal development skills, professional development skills, and social development skills for self efficacy of university graduates. How students and employers were viewing the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates; which areas of development skills were relatively stronger; and which sectors o...

Shoukat Ali Raza; Shahid Zia; Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi; Shaikh, Faiz M.

2011-01-01

225

A Study of Self-efficacy in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Its Predictors  

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Background and Objectives: Enhancement of empowerment in patients with coronary artery disease has a major role in the promotion of their health behaviors. Promotion of self-efficacy is a one of the ways for improving this skill, which has a significant impact on improving patients’ condition and on preventing complications and readmission. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of general, exercise, and diet behavior self-efficacies in coronary artery disease patients....

2013-01-01

226

Preliminary Investigation of the Sources of Self-Efficacy Among Teachers of Students with Autism  

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Teacher self-efficacy refers to the beliefs teachers hold regarding their capability to bring about desired instructional outcomes and may be helpful for understanding and addressing critical issues such as teacher attrition and teacher use of research-supported practices. Educating students with autism likely presents teachers with some of the most significant instructional challenges. The self-efficacy of 35 special education teachers of students with autism between the ages of 3 to 9 years...

Ruble, Lisa A.; Usher, Ellen L.; Mcgrew, John H.

2011-01-01

227

Self-Efficacy and Depression as Mediators of the Relationship between Pain and Antiretroviral Adherence  

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The goals of this study were to examine the association between pain and antiretroviral adherence, and to estimate the mediating effect of adherence self-efficacy and depression symptom severity. Surveys using audio computer-assisted self-interview were conducted among 70 HIV-infected current and former drug users enrolled in a methadone program. We assessed antiretroviral adherence and adherence self-efficacy using questions from the Adult Clinical Trials Group survey. We considered particip...

Berg, Karina M.; Cooperman, Nina A.; Newville, Howard; Arnsten, Julia H.

2009-01-01

228

Factors associated with self-efficacy in persons with chronic illness  

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Change of lifestyle may be necessary for persons with chronic illnesses in order to manage their health situation and reduce symptom distress. Success in changing lifestyle partly depends on a person’s self-efficacy beliefs. This cross-sectional study explores social support, physical activity, and illness perceptions in relation to self-efficacy in a sample with morbid obesity and in a sample with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The linear regression analyses showed that high...

Bonsaksen, Tore; Lerdal, Anners; Fagermoen, Solveig

2012-01-01

229

The Relationship between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Self-efficacy among Iranian EFL Teachers  

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The current study examined the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ trait EI (trait EI) and Self-efficacy. To this end, 336 teachers were asked to complete “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Short Form (TEIQue–SF)” (Petrides and Furnham, 2006) and “Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES)” (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001). Pearson product-moment correlation showed a significant relationship between trait EI and self-efficacy. Trait ...

Jahanbakhsh Nikoopour; Mohammad Amini Farsani; Mohammad Tajbakhsh; Seyedeh Hoda Sadat Kiyaie

2012-01-01

230

Self-Efficacy as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

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Self-efficacy denotes people's beliefs about their ability to perform in different situations. It functions as a multilevel and multifaceted set of beliefs that influence how people feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave during various tasks. Self-efficacy beliefs are informed by enactive attainment, vicarious experience, imaginal experiences, and social persuasion as well as physical and emotional states. These beliefs are mediated by cognitive, motivational, affective, and selection p...

Tsang, Sandra K. M.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.; Law, Bella C. M.

2012-01-01

231

Bystander behavior in bullying situations : basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy  

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The aim of the present study was to investigate how basic moral sensitivity in bullying, moral disengagement in bullying and defender self-efficacy were related to different bystander behaviors in bullying. Therefore, we examined pathways that linked students' basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement, and defender self-efficacy to different bystander behaviors in bullying situations. Three hundred and forty-seven teenagers completed a bullying survey. Findings indicated that compared with...

Thornberg, Robert; Jungert, Tomas

2013-01-01

232

Predictors Of Java Programming Self Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

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The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The ...

Jegede, Philip Olu

2009-01-01

233

Basic Conditioning Factors' Influences on Adolescents' Healthy Behaviors, Self-Efficacy, and Self-Care  

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This article reports a secondary statistical analysis of data from a study investigating the relationships among health-promoting self-care behaviors, self-care self-efficacy, and self-care agency in an adolescent population (Callaghan, 2005). The purpose of this study was to identify the influences of selected basic conditioning factors on the practice of healthy behaviors, self-efficacy beliefs, and ability for self-care in 256 adolescents. The research instruments used to collect data for ...

Callaghan, Donna

2006-01-01

234

Osteoporosis Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Beliefs among College Students in the USA and China  

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This study investigated differences in osteoporosis knowledge, self-efficacy, and health beliefs among Chinese and American college students. Information obtained will be used in developing osteoporosis prevention programs for younger adults. Methods. Chinese (n = 409) and US (n = 408) college students completed the Osteoporosis Health Belief, Self-Efficacy, and Knowledge Tests. Results. Differences were seen in osteoporosis knowledge (Mus = 14.52, MChinese = 11.82), exercise knowledge (Mus ...

Ford, M. Allison; Bass, Martha; Zhao, Yan; Bai, Jin-bing; Zhao, Yue

2011-01-01

235

Motives of cheating among secondary students: The role of self-efficacy and peer influence  

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A survey research study was conducted with a sample of 100 secondary students from a local secondary school about the motives of cheating. The primary focus of this study was the interplay among variables of self-efficacy, peer influence and cheating. The results showed that students with low self-efficacy were more likely to cheat than those who perceived themselves as efficacious. It was further found that peers played a significant role in discouraging cheating by expressing disapproval an...

2010-01-01

236

The Relationship between EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Their Language Learning Strategy Use  

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Full Text Available The focus of education has changed from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in previous years. Majority of studies in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. Therefore, the present study focused on some of these individual variables; namely self-efficacy and language learning strategies. This study aimed at exploring the relationship between EFL learner's self-efficacy and language learning strategy use. Also, frequently language learning strategies by EFL learners and the existence of a significant difference in their self-efficacy beliefs and strategy use due to gender and years of English study are investigated. A group of 130 first year university students consented to participate in the present study. The results of statistical analyses indicated that there was no relationship between self-efficacy and language learning strategy use. Moreover, metacognitive strategies are frequently used language learning strategies by EFL learners. In addition, there were no significant differences in both self-efficacy and strategy use due to gender. But, there were significant differences in self-efficacy beliefs and only in metacognitive strategies due to years of English study.

Alireza Bonyadi

2012-06-01

237

Computer self-efficacy - is there a gender gap in tertiary level introductory computing classes?  

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Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between introductory computing students, self-efficacy, and gender. Since the use of computers has become more common there has been speculation that the confidence and ability to use them differs between genders. Self-efficacy is an important and useful concept used to describe how a student may perceive their own ability or confidence in using and learning new technology. A survey of students in an introductory computing class has been completed intermittently since the late 1990s. Although some questions have been adapted to meet the changing technology the aim of the survey has remain unchanged. In this study self-efficacy is measured using two self-rating questions. Students are asked to rate their confidence using a computer and also asked to give their perception of their computing knowledge. This paper examines these two aspects of a person's computer self-efficacy in order to identify any differences that may occur between genders in two introductory computing classes, one in 1999 and the other in 2012. Results from the 1999 survey are compared with those from the survey completed in 2012 and investigated to ascertain if the perception that males were more likely to display higher computer self-efficacy levels than their female classmates does or did exist in a class of this type. Results indicate that while overall there has been a general increase in self-efficacy levels in 2012 compared with 1999, there is no significant gender gap.

Shirley Gibbs

2013-01-01

238

SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS, ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND GENDER AS RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

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Full Text Available This study aims to investigate preservice computer teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and achievement motivation levels for educational software development before and after the “Educational Software Design, Development and Evaluation (ESDDE” course. A pretest and post test design without a control group was employed. In 2008, 46 senior students (25 male and 21 female who were enrolled at Computer Education and Instructional Technology department participated in this study.The data were collected by the scale of self-efficacy beliefs towards Educational Software Development (ESD, achievement motivation scale besides student demographics form. Positively, the results revealed that the students’ self efficacy beliefs towards educational software development significantly improved after ESDDE course. Before the course, the students’ self-efficacy beliefs were significantly different according to perceived level of programming competency and gender in favor of male, however after the course there was no significant difference in self-efficacy beliefs regarding gender and perceived level of programming competency. Hence, achievement motivation levels after the course were significantly higher than before while gender and perceived level of programming competency had no significant effect on achievement motivation for ESD. The study is considered to contribute studies investigating gender and computer related self efficacy beliefs in IT education.

Alev ATES

2011-07-01

239

Neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, and self-efficacy influences on physical activity in older women  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Perceptions of one's environment and functional status have been linked to physical activity in older adults. However, little is known about these associations over time, and even less about the possible mediators of this relationship. We examined the roles played by neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, self-efficacy, and physical activity in a sample of older women over a 6-month period. Methods Participants (N = 137, M age = 69.6 years completed measures of neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, self-efficacy, and physical activity at baseline and again 6 months later. Results Analyses indicated that changes in neighborhood satisfaction and functional limitations had direct effects on residual changes in self-efficacy, and changes in self-efficacy were associated with changes in physical activity at 6 months. Conclusion Our findings support a social cognitive model of physical activity in which neighborhood satisfaction and functional status effects on physical activity are in part mediated by intermediate individual outcomes such as self-efficacy. Additionally, these findings lend support to the position that individual perceptions of both the environment and functional status can have prospective effects on self-efficacy cognitions and ultimately, physical activity behavior.

McAuley Edward

2008-02-01

240

How can self-efficacy be increased? Meta-analysis of dietary interventions.  

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Targeting individuals' beliefs that they are able to eat healthily can improve dietary-related behaviours. However, the most effective behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to promote dietary self-efficacy have not been systematically reviewed. This research addressed this gap. Studies testing the effect of interventions on healthy eating and underlying dietary-related self-efficacy, within randomised controlled trials, were systematically reviewed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and PSYCINFO. Two reviewers independently coded intervention content in both intervention and comparison groups. Data pertaining to study quality were also extracted. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate an overall effect size on dietary self-efficacy for each study. The associations between 26 BCTs and self-efficacy effects were calculated using meta-regression. In some of the analyses, interventions that incorporated self-monitoring (tracking one's own food-related behaviour), provided feedback on performance, prompted review of behavioural goals, provided contingent rewards (rewarding diet success), or planned for social support/social change increased dietary self-efficacy significantly more than interventions that did not. Stress management was consistently associated with self-efficacy effects across all analyses. There was strong evidence for stress management and weaker evidence for a number of other BCTs. The findings can be used to develop more effective, theory- and evidence-based behavioural interventions. PMID:25053214

Prestwich, Andrew; Kellar, Ian; Parker, Richard; MacRae, Siobhan; Learmonth, Matthew; Sykes, Bianca; Taylor, Natalie; Castle, Holly

2014-09-01

 
 
 
 
241

Registered nurses' self-efficacy for assessing and responding to woman abuse in emergency department settings.  

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Enhanced knowledge regarding the factors that influence and support the self-efficacy of emergency department (ED) registered nurses and their provision of care to women who have experienced abuse is necessary for the promotion of optimal health care. The purpose of this study was to examine the self-efficacy of registered nurses with respect to assessing and responding to woman abuse in the ED. Study hypotheses and research questions were derived from Bandura's theory of self-efficacy. A secondary analysis (N = 158) of data from the Violence against Women: Health Care Provider Survey was completed. Originally, survey questions were not developed to operationalize the concepts outlined by Bandura. However, they were found to be good indicators. Four scales were developed from the item pool, validated through factor analysis and used to operationalize study variables. Positive relationships were found between self-efficacy information available to ED registered nurses and their self-efficacy for assessing and responding to woman abuse (r= .73, p Bandura's theory and demonstrate that the clinical responses of ED registered nurses are complex and must be understood in terms of self-efficacy and the factors that support its development. PMID:17290955

Hollingsworth, Erin; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn

2006-12-01

242

Self-efficacy and functional status in schizophrenia: relationship to insight, cognition and negative symptoms.  

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Self-efficacy, defined as the confidence one has in the ability to perform a behavior or specific task, has been introduced as a crucial motivational factor for successfully carrying out social and everyday living skills (Bandura, 1977, 1997). Few studies have assessed its role in functioning in schizophrenia. The current study was designed to investigate whether degree of illness insight determined whether self-efficacy was a mediator of the relationship between two key illness features, negative symptoms and cognition, and functional skills. Sixty-nine individuals with schizophrenia were administered measures of self-efficacy, cognition, symptoms, insight and performance-based measure of everyday living and social skill. Results revealed that self-efficacy was only linked to measures of functional skills when illness insight was intact. There was evidence of moderation of confounding effects such that when self-efficacy was controlled, the relationship between negative symptoms and measures of everyday life skills became non-significant, but only when illness insight was intact. These findings emphasize the importance of including illness insight in models of the role of self-efficacy in functioning in schizophrenia. PMID:23375941

Kurtz, Matthew M; Olfson, Rachel H; Rose, Jennifer

2013-04-01

243

Teacher Training and Pre-service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

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This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful for teacher training universities, so that they can adapt their curriculum to accommodate these factors. Participants included 292 pre-service primary teachers, a cross-sectional sample from two different universities in the Netherlands across the four different years of study in the training program. Based upon our results, we conclude that the science teaching self-efficacy of pre-service teachers, in particular, improved during years 1 and 2, and not during years 3 and 4. Higher levels of self-rated subject-matter knowledge and science teaching experience in primary schools both contributed to higher levels of personal self-efficacy for science teaching. Differences at the university level in courses taken during the first year between science content courses and science methods courses also influenced the pre-service teachers' development of science teaching self-efficacy. After their first year, the pre-service teachers from the university with science content courses had significantly higher self-efficacy than pre-service teachers from the university that offered science methods courses. After the second year of teacher training, however, this difference in self-efficacy was no longer present.

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-06-01

244

The effects of collaborative concept mapping on the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth-grade students  

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This study sought to examine whether collaborative concept mapping would affect the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth grade science students. The research questions are: (1) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the achievement of female students in science? (2) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the science self-efficacy of female students? (3) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the attitudes of females toward science? The study was quasi-experimental and utilized a pretest-posttest design for both experimental and control groups. Eighth grade female and male students from three schools in a large northeastern school district participated in this study. The achievement test consisted of 10 multiple choice and two open-response questions and used questions from state-wide and national assessments as well as teacher-constructed items. A 29 item Likert type instrument (McMillan, 1992) was administered to measure science self-efficacy and attitude toward science. The study was of 12 weeks duration. During the study, experimental group students were asked to perform collaborative concept map construction in single sex dyads using specific terms designated by the classroom teacher and the researcher. During classroom visitations, student perceptions of collaborative concept mapping were collected and were used to provide insight into the results of the quantitative data analysis. Data from the pre and posttest instruments were analyzed for both experimental and control groups using t-tests. Additionally, the three teachers were interviewed and their perceptions of the study were also used to gain insight into the results of the study. The analysis of data showed that experimental group females showed significantly higher gains in achievement than control group females. An additional analysis of data showed experimental group males showed significantly greater gains in achievement than experimental group females. The analysis of science self-efficacy data showed that neither experimental nor control group females increased their scores pre to posttest, both showed small decreases in scores. However, the posttest scores of the experimental group females were significantly higher than the posttest scores of the control group females. The analysis of the attitude toward science survey data showed that the scores of the experimental group females did not change from pre to posttest. However, scores of the control group females declined from pre to posttest. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Ledger, Antoinette Frances

245

Attitudes, Interests, and Perceived Self-efficacy toward Science of Middle School Minority Female Students: Considerations for their Low Achievement and Participation in STEM Disciplines  

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The under participation of minority females in STEM fields has been a chronic problem in the United States, mainly when it is analyzed through the lens of their relative representation in the population. The results of the first or quantitative phase, of this two phase sequential, mixed method study, revealed academic achievement or performance in science accounted for most of the variance of mean scores for students' attitudes and interests in science as measured by the TOSRA Likert-scale survey, when compared to the degree of parent education and ethnicity/ racial background. Additionally, this study investigated possible sources of perceived self-efficacy in eighteen seventh grade Hispanic female students by conducting personal semi-structured interviews. The purpose of this study was to explore if middle school female student ethnic/racial backgrounds and academic performance influence their attitudes and interests toward science and to study the possible effects external (family, school, peers, and community) and internal factors may have for Hispanic student self-efficacy toward science. The results revealed that of the five ethnic/racial groups studied, Asian/Filipino female students expressed higher positive attitudes and interests toward science, than the rest of the student ethnic groups studied, followed by the Hispanic student group. The results indicated that students' perceived encouragement from their mothers, regardless of the mother's degree of education, as being the main source of these girls' perceived self-efficacy in science. However, the lack of perceived school-related, peer-related, and community-related support was evident. These results are encouraging because they demonstrate how verbal persuasion, in the form of encouragement and support, fosters perceived self-efficacy for minority female students.

Dowey, Ana Lucrecia

246

Statistics Related Self-Efficacy A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Demonstrating a Significant Link to Prior Mathematics Experiences for Graduate Level Students  

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Full Text Available The present study examined students' statistics-related self-efficacy, as measured with the current statistics self-efficacy (CSSE inventory developed by Finney and Schraw (2003. Structural equation modeling was used to check the confirmatory factor analysis of the one-dimensional factor of CSSE. Once confirmed, this factor was used to test whether a significant link to prior mathematics experiences exists. Additionally a new post-structural equation modeling (SEM application was employed to compute error-free latent variable score for CSSE in an effort to examine the ancillary effects of gender, age, ethnicity, department, degree level, hours completed, expected course grade, number of college-level math classes, current GPA on students' CSSE scores. Results support the one-dimensional construct and as expected, the model demonstrated a significant link between CSSE scores and prior mathematics experiences to CSSE. Additionally the students' department, expected grade, and number of prior math classes were found to have a significant effect on student's CSSE scores.

Karen Larwin

2014-02-01

247

Psychometric properties of the Swedish childbirth self-efficacy inventory (Swe-CBSEI)  

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Background Previous research has reported that women who are admitted to delivery wards in early labour process before an active stage of labour has started run an increased risk of instrumental deliveries. Therefore, it is essential to focus on factors such as self-efficacy that can enhance a woman’s own ability to cope with the first stage of labour. However, there was no Swedish instrument measuring childbirth self-efficacy available. Thus, the aim of the study was to translate the Childbirth Self-efficacy Inventory and to psychometrically test the Swedish version on first- time mothers within the Swedish culture. Methods The method included a forward-backward translation with face and content validity. The psychometric properties were evaluated using a Principal Component Analysis and by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and inter-item correlations. Descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests were used to describe and compare the scales. All data were collected from January 2011 to June 2012, from 406 pregnant women during the gestational week 35-42. Results The Swedish version of the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory indicated good reliability and the Principal Component Analysis showed a three-component structure. The Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test indicated that the women could differentiate between the concepts outcome expectancy and self-efficacy expectatancy and between the two labour stages, active stage and the second stage of labour. Conclusions The Swedish version of Childbirth Self-efficacy Inventory is a reliable and valid instrument. The inventory can act as a tool to identify those women who need extra support and to evaluate the efforts of improving women’s self-efficacy during pregnancy.

2014-01-01

248

The SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES: development and psychometric properties  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Rising prevalence of secondary conditions among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI has focused recent attention to potential health promotion programs designed to reduce such adverse health conditions. A healthy lifestyle for people with SCI, including and specifically, the adoption of a vigorous exercise routine, has been shown to produce an array of health benefits, prompting many providers to recommend the implementation of such activity to those with SCI. Successfully adopting such an exercise regimen however, requires confidence in one's ability to engage in exercise or exercise self-efficacy. Exercise self-efficacy has not been assessed adequately for people with SCI due to a lack of validated and reliable scales, despite self efficacy's status as one of the most widely researched concepts and despite its broad application in health promotion studies. Exercise self efficacy supporting interventions for people with SCI are only meaningful if appropriate measurement tools exist. The objective of our study was to develop a psychometrically sound exercise self-efficacy self-report measure for people with SCI. Methods Based on literature reviews, expert comments and cognitive testing, 10 items were included and made up the 4-point Likert SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES in its current form. The ESES was administered as part of the first wave of a nationwide survey (n = 368 on exercise behavior and was also tested separately for validity in four groups of individuals with SCI. Reliability and validity testing was performed using SPSS 12.0. Results Cronbach's alpha was .9269 for the ESES. High internal consistency was confirmed in split-half (EQ Length Spearman Brown = .8836. Construct validity was determined using principal component factor analysis by correlating the aggregated ESES items with the Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE. We found that all items loaded on one factor only and that there was a statistically significant correlation between Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES and Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE (Spearman RHO = .316; p Conclusion Preliminary findings indicate that the ESES is a reliable instrument with high internal consistency and scale integrity. Content validity both in terms of face and construct validity is satisfactory.

Ho Pei-Shu

2007-08-01

249

Growth Trajectories of Exercise Self-Efficacy in Older Adults: Influence of Measures and Initial Status  

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Objective This study examines differential trajectories of exercise-related self-efficacy beliefs across a 12-month randomized controlled exercise trial. Methods Previously inactive older adults (N = 144; M age = 66.5) were randomly assigned to one of two exercise conditions (walking, flexibility-toning-balance) and completed measures of barriers self-efficacy (BARSE), exercise self-efficacy (EXSE), and self-efficacy for walking (SEW) across a 12-month period. Changes in efficacy were examined according to efficacy type and inter-individual differences. Latent growth curve modeling was employed to (a) examine average levels and change in each type of efficacy for the collapsed sample and by intervention condition, and (b) explore subpopulations (i.e., latent classes) within the sample that differ in their baseline efficacy and trajectory. Results Analyses revealed two negative trends in BARSE and EXSE at predicted transition points, in addition to a positive linear trend in SEW. Two subgroups with unique baseline efficacy and trajectory profiles were also identified. Conclusions These results shed new light on the relationship between exercise and self-efficacy in older adults, and highlight the need for strategies for increasing and maintaining efficacy within interventions, namely targeting participants who start with a disadvantage (lower efficacy) and integrating efficacy-boosting strategies for all participants prior to program end.

McAuley, Edward; Mailey, Emily L.; Mullen, Sean P.; Szabo, Amanda N.; Wojcicki, Thomas R.; White, Siobhan M.; Gothe, Neha; Olson, Erin A.; Kramer, Arthur F.

2012-01-01

250

Factor analyses of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy measures in diverse samples.  

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Measurement of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy is variable, reducing research generalizability. The purpose of this study was to assess reliability and construct validity of measures of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy across 3,989 youth. Data were collected at computer kiosks and on the Internet. Analyses included internal consistency reliability assessments and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of three constructs in a 32-item a priori instrument. Reliability estimates ranged between 0.68 and 0.89, and goodness of fit indices all exceeded 0.90. Factor analysis results supported the compatibility of the items from the three subscales with their conceptual domains. Final scales include measures of positive and negative outcome expectancies related to condom use, peer and partner condom norms, self-efficacy for condom negotiation, and self-efficacy for condom use. These measures of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy can be employed for assessments to improve standardization of measures and generalizability of research, particularly related to HIV prevention. PMID:21290923

Pratte, Katherine; Whitesell, Nancy; McFarlane, Mary; Bull, Sheana

2010-01-01

251

Effects of EFL Teachers’ Self-efficacy on Motivational Teaching Behaviors  

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Full Text Available This study examined the predictability of EFL teachers’ self-efficacy on their motivational teaching behaviors. Participants involved 112 English teachers from China’s tertiary education institutes selected by a “snowball” sampling strategy and also from an EFL teacher training camp. They completed a questionnaire survey of the demographic information of participants, their perception of self-efficacy, and their motivational teaching behaviors in English classroom. Results from the descriptive statistics and a multiple regression analysis were generated based on the survey. It indicated that college EFL teachers perceived themselves with much higher self-efficacy for instructional strategies than efficacy for classroom management and efficacy for student engagement. Also, the results revealed that two most frequently used motivational strategies by teachers in language classroom were strategies for generating students’ initial motivation and strategies for maintaining and protecting students’ motivation. The results also showed that teachers’ self-efficacy significantly contributed to the prediction of teachers’ motivational teaching behaviors and accounted for more than one third of the variance to teachers’ motivational teaching behaviors. This study confirmed that there was a direct causal relationship between English teachers’ perceptions of their self-efficacy and their adoption of motivational strategies.

Wei Huangfu

2012-12-01

252

Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course  

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Self-efficacy is a person's own perception about performing a task with a certain level of proficiency (Bandura, 1986). An important affective aspect of learning chemistry is chemistry self-efficacy (CSE). Several researchers have found chemistry self-efficacy to be a fair predictor of achievement in chemistry. This study was done in a college preparatory chemistry class for science majors exploring chemistry self-efficacy and its change as it relates to achievement. A subscale of CAEQ, Chemistry Attitudes and Experiences Questionnaire (developed by Dalgety et al, 2003) as well as student interviews were used to determine student chemistry self-efficacy as it changed during the course. The questionnaire was given to the students five times during the semester: in the first class and the class before each the four tests taken through the semester. Twenty-six students, both men and women, of the four major races/ethnicities were interviewed three times during the semester and events that triggered changes in CSE were followed through the interviews. HLM (hierarchical linear modeling) was used to model the results of the CSE surveys. Among the findings, women who started at significantly lower CSE than men accomplished a significant gain by the end of the semester. Blacks' CSE trends through the semester were found to be significantly different from the rest of the ethnicities.

Garcia, Carmen Alicia

253

The Impact of Teacher Self-efficacy on the Students’ Motivation and Achievement  

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Full Text Available The study of self-efficacy and its impact on human performance has intrigued a lot of scholars during the last two decades (e.g. Clayson, D. & Sheffet, M. 2006; Nauta, M. 2001; Muijs &Rejnolds, 2001; Bandura, 1997; Podell & Soodak, 1993. The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of teacher self-efficacy (TSE on the students’ motivation and achievement. To this end, eighty senior high school teachers in four different cities in Iran, and one hundred and fifty senior high school students, based on their teachers’ level of self-efficacy, have been selected randomly. For data collection, two instruments were employed: Teacher Self-Efficacy and Students’ Motivation questionnaires. Data were analyzed through Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and ANOVA. The results of the study revealed that teacher self-efficacy has a positive influence on the students’ motivation and achievement. The results of the study and their pedagogical implications are discussed, and recommendations for further research are provided.

Marzieh Poodineh Tamiz

2012-03-01

254

The impact of clinical simulation on learner self-efficacy in pre-registration nursing education.  

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Clinical simulation is becoming increasingly popular in pre-registration nursing education. Incorporating teaching and learning strategies that enhance learner self-efficacy will theoretically improve clinical competence (Bandura, 1986, 1997). This paper presents the findings of a study that aimed to explore the impact of clinical simulation on self-efficacy beliefs amongst pre-registration nurses. A preliminary study (Pike, 2008) used a pre- and post-test design to measure learner self-efficacy before and after a clinical simulation session. Qualitative responses to questions on the post-test questionnaire provided themes to explore in a focus group interview with a convenience sample of nine participants. Thematic content analysis of the interview highlighted two principal findings. Firstly, students described low levels of self-efficacy with regards to communication skills, an area identified as a priority within pre-registration nursing education (NMC, 2007a). Second, students highlighted the need for learning experiences within clinical simulation to be more authentic, to improve the theory to practice gap. It is argued by incorporating strategies within clinical simulation that enhance learner self-efficacy, overall clinical competence will be improved. Suggestions for how pedagogical approaches may be developed within clinical simulation are discussed, whilst acknowledging the limitations of the small scale nature of the study. PMID:19883960

Pike, Tamsin; O'Donnell, Victoria

2010-07-01

255

Believe, and you will achieve: changes over time in self-efficacy, engagement, and performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to answer the question whether changes in students' self-efficacy levels co-vary with similar changes in engagement and performance, a field study and an experimental study were conducted among university students. In order to do this, we adopted a subgroup approach. We created "natural" (Study 1) and manipulated (Study 2) subgroups based upon their change in self-efficacy over time and examined whether these subgroups showed similar changes over time in engagement and performance. The results of both studies are partly in line with Social Cognitive Theory, in that they confirm that changes in self-efficacy may have a significant impact on students' changes in cognition and motivation (i.e. engagement), as well as behavior (i.e. performance). More specifically, our results show that students' increases/decreases in self-efficacy were related to corresponding increases/decreases in their study engagement and task performance over time. Examining the consequences of changes in students' self-efficacy levels seems promising, both for research and practice. PMID:23616308

Ouweneel, Else; Schaufeli, Wilmar B; Le Blanc, Pascale M

2013-07-01

256

Introducing a New Measure for Assessing Self-Efficacy in Response to Air Pollution Hazardsd for Pregnant Women  

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A self-efficacy instrument should be condition-specific. There are several instruments for measuring self-efficacy, but none are air pollution-specific. This study aimed to develop a self-efficacy measure for assessing pregnant women’s responses to air pollution hazards. A random sample of pregnant women aged between 18 and 35 years attending three prenatal care centers were entered into the study. Prenatal care centers randomly selected from a list of centers located in different geographi...

2013-01-01

257

Supporting Self-efficacy and Learner Autonomy in Relation to Academic Success in EFL Classrooms (A Case Study)  

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This research was conducted for revealing the missing point of the discussions related to foreign language teaching and learning in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and learner autonomy, self-efficacy and academic success, learner autonomy and academic success, and these two concepts and academic success. Also, it was aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy on academic success, the effect of learner autonomy on academic success and the eff...

2011-01-01

258

Is self-efficacy for smoking abstinence a cause of, or a reflection on, smoking behavior change?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social learning theory considers self-efficacy as a causal factor in behavior change. However, in line with behavioral theory, recent clinical research suggests self-efficacy ratings may reflect, rather than cause, behavior change. To test these two disparate views, self-efficacy was related to actual smoking abstinence on the next day (i.e., self-efficacy causes change), and abstinence status over 1 day was tested as a predictor of rated self-efficacy for quitting the next day (i.e., reflects change). All data were from two similar crossover studies evaluating the short-term effects of both placebo versus medication, nicotine patch (n = 209) or varenicline (n = 123), on smoking abstinence during week-long practice quit attempts. Placebo and active medication periods were separated by an ad lib smoking washout, and analyses were controlled for prior-day's abstinence or self-efficacy values. Results were very consistent between studies in showing essentially bidirectional associations: daily self-efficacy predicted next-day's abstinence, and current-day's abstinence status predicted self-efficacy for abstinence the next day. However, secondary factors differentially predicted abstinence and, to a lesser extent, self-efficacy, between these two medication studies. These data provide some support for both social learning and behavioral theories of smoking behavior change, although self-efficacy may only briefly predict subsequent short periods of abstinence as assessed in these studies. Nonetheless, because self-efficacy has long been assumed to cause behavior change, including smoking cessation, the notion of self-efficacy as a reflection of recent smoking behavior change in these studies warrants greater attention in clinical research on smoking cessation treatment. PMID:21910550

Perkins, Kenneth A; Parzynski, Craig; Mercincavage, Melissa; Conklin, Cynthia A; Fonte, Carolyn A

2012-02-01

259

An Ecological Study of the Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Personality and Biomechanical Consistency  

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Self-efficacy is a widely called upon theory in the domain of sport sciences. However, much debate surrounds the way precepts of self-efficacy are measured (Bandura, 2006) and how they relate to performance (Moritz, Feltz, Fahrbach & Mack, 2001). Following Bandura's (2006) guidelines, the present paper aims to make sense of the above criticism by testing the strength of a purpose-built self-efficacy questionnaire in predicting subjects' biomechanical performance in a dart-throwing task, again...

Gibas, David; Hansen, Clint; Isableu, Brice; Le Scanff, Christine

2012-01-01

260

Love Hurts: The Influence of Social Relations on Exercise Self-Efficacy for Older Adults With Osteoarthritis  

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Exercise self-efficacy is a powerful predictor of physical activity behavior, which enhances health and well-being for older adults. Social relations have been proposed as influential precursors for exercise self-efficacy. In a longitudinal study of 160 older adults with osteoarthritis (76.9% women), the authors found that social support (but not social strain) significantly predicted exercise self-efficacy in a structural equation model examining cross-sectional data: ?2(178, N = 160) = 264...

Cotter, Kelly A.; Sherman, Aurora M.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Change in Self-efficacy Partially Mediates the Effects of the FRESH START Intervention on Cancer Survivors’ Dietary Outcomes  

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This study examined change in self-efficacy as a mediator of the effects of a mailed print intervention on the dietary and exercise practices of newly diagnosed breast and prostate cancer survivors (N = 519). Results indicated that changes in self-efficacy for fat restriction and eating more fruits and vegetables were significant mediators of the intervention’s effects on dietary outcomes at 1-year follow-up. The intervention did not significantly affect self-efficacy for exercise; however,...

Mosher, Catherine E.; Fuemmeler, Bernard F.; Sloane, Richard; Kraus, William E.; Lobach, David F.; Snyder, Denise Clutter; Demark-wahnefried, Wendy

2008-01-01

262

ELEMENTARY STUDENT SELF EFFICACY SCALE DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOCUSED ON STUDENT LEARNING, PEER RELATIONS, AND RESISTING DRUG USE  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item self efficacy scale and social support and social skills instruments. The results provide evidence for a valid and reliable 3-factor self efficacy scal...

2009-01-01

263

Adaptação transcultural preliminar do Children's Eating Attitude Test (Cheat para o idioma português The preliminary transcultural adaptation of the Children's Eating Attitude Test (Cheat for portuguese  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar o instrumento "Children's Eating Attitude Test" (Cheat para o idioma português, avaliar a equivalência semântica e a compreensão verbal. MÉTODOS: envolveu quatro etapas: (1 tradução, (2 retradução, (3 revisão técnica e avaliação semântica, (4 pré-teste - avaliação da compreensão verbal por especialistas em transtorno alimentar. RESULTADOS: as 26 questões foram traduzidas e adaptadas para o idioma português. A versão final constou dos mesmos 26 itens apresentando-se de forma clara e de fácil compreensão (valores médios superior a 4,5 - máximo 5,0. CONCLUSÕES: o instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o idioma português demonstrando bons resultados no processo de adaptação transcultural. São necessárias análises de validade externa, equivalência de mensuração e reprodutibilidade.OBJECTIVES: to translate and adapt the "Children's Eating Attitude Test" (Cheat to Portuguese and evaluate the semantic equivalence and verbal comprehension. METHODS: the process involved four stages: (1 translation, (2 back-translation, (3 technical review and semantic evaluation, (4 pre-test - evaluation of verbal comprehension by specialists in eating disorders. RESULTS: the 26 questions were translated and adapted for Portuguese. The final version contained the same 26 items presented in a clear and easy-tounderstand format (average score higher than 4.5 - maximum 5.0. CONCLUSIONS: the tool has been translated and adapted for Portuguese and the transcultural adaptation process was a success. There is still a need for analyses of external validity, measurement equivalence and reproducibility.

Mariana Loureiro Barillari

2011-12-01

264

The impact of an introductory college-level biology class on biology self-efficacy and attitude towards science  

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Self-efficacy theory was first introduced in a seminal article by Albert Bandura in 1977 entitled "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change". Since its original introduction, self-efficacy has been a major focus of academic performance, anxiety, career development, and teacher retention research. Self-efficacy can be defined as the belief an individual possesses about their ability to perform a given task. Bandura proposed that self-efficacy should be measured at the highest level of specificity due to the fact that different people are efficacious in different areas. Interested in students' efficacy toward biology, Ebert-May, Baldwin, & Allred (1997) created and validated a survey to measure students' biology self-efficacy. Their survey was modeled after the guidelines for science literacy, and loaded to three sub-factors; methods of biology, generalization to other science courses, and application of the concepts. As self-efficacy theory has been related to effort expenditure and persistence (Bandura, 1977; 1997), one might think it would have some effect on students' attitudes toward the topic at hand. The current research investigated what changes in biology self-efficacy occurred after an introductory biology course with an inquiry based laboratory learning environment. In addition, changes in students' attitudes towards science were explored and how self-efficacy might affect them.

Thomas, Megan Elizabeth

265

High-fidelity patient simulation and nursing students' self-efficacy: a review of the literature.  

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This paper highlights findings from a literature search to examine the effects of patient simulation on students' self-efficacy and confidence. The old teaching method of "see one, do one and teach one" which has long been used to teach nursing skills and to promote the acquisition of clinical expertise is no longer accepted as the best way to teach students. A nurse's confidence in her/his ability is essential for good patient care. Only when nursing students have confidence in their own abilities are they able to shift focus to the needs of their patients. Shifting from their own needs to that of a patient is essential to being a safe and competent practitioner. A literature review was conducted to examine the available research findings relating to self-efficacy in the education of nurses, high-fidelity patient simulation effect on nurses' self-efficacy, and the effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation and its challenges. PMID:18976234

Leigh, Gwen T

2008-01-01

266

Computer Self-Efficacy: A Practical Indicator of Student Computer Competency in Introductory IS Courses  

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Full Text Available Students often receive their first college-level computer training in introductory information systems courses. Students and faculty frequently expect this training to develop a level of student computer competence that will support computer use in future courses. In this study, we applied measures of computer self-efficacy to students in a typical introductory IS course. The measures provided useful evidence that student perceptions of their ability to use computers effectively in the future significantly improved as a result of their training experience. The computer self-efficacy measures also provided enhanced insight into course-related factors of practical concern to IS educators. Study results also suggest computer self-efficacy measures may be a practical and informative means of assessing computer-training outcomes in the introductory IS course context

Rex Karsten

1998-01-01

267

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants Teaching Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available The graduate experience is a critical time for development of academic faculty, but often there is little preparation for teaching during the graduate career.  Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor’s belief in his or her ability to teach students in a specific context, can help to predict teaching behavior and student achievement, and can be used as a measure of graduate students’ development as instructors.  An instrument measuring teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM graduate teaching assistants (GTAs was developed from a general university faculty teaching instrument to the specific teaching context of STEM GTAs.  Construct and face validity, measurement reliability, and factor structure of the instrument were determined from survey data of 253 STEM GTAs at six universities.  STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy correlated to various measures of GTA professional development and teaching experience.  Implications and applications for faculty involved in GTA professional development, supervision, and research are discussed.

Sue Ellen DeChenne

2012-12-01

268

Perceived competence: a common core for self-efficacy and self-concept?  

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This study uses Bandura's Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self-Efficacy (MSPSE; Bandura, 1990) and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA; Harter, 1988) to examine the extent to which self-efficacy and competency-related elements of the self-concept are independent constructs. Factor analysis of data provided by 778 high school students revealed that when measured using domain-general measures such as the MSPSE and SPPA, self-efficacy and competency self-concept do not represent totally separate, distinct constructs. Overlap of dimensions occurs at both the first- and second-order levels of analysis. The practical and theoretical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:21516587

Hughes, Amanda; Galbraith, David; White, David

2011-05-01

269

Adolescents own perceptions of self-evaluation: Self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction  

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Full Text Available In this study we analyse the relationships between three variablesof self-evaluations, being self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction. Moreover, we study the evolution of these three aspects during adolescence paying attention to gender differences. The sample was made up of 2400 teenagers aged between 12 and 17 years old taken from 20 high schools in Western Andalusia. In this study we also analyse the relationship between teenager self evaluation and parenting style. Our results show, on one hand, high correlation between self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction, and on the other hand, between teenager self evaluationand parenting style. In fact, parental warmth and communication and sense of humor show high correlation with adolescent self evaluation. We also found increasing differences between boys and girls as regards their self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction as adolescence progressed. Specifically, little changedwas observed in boys, whereas girls’ self-evaluation decreased with age.

Águeda Parra

2010-05-01

270

Enhancing Self-Efficacy in Elementary Science Teaching With Professional Learning Communities  

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Emerging from Bandura's Social Learning Theory, this study of in-service elementary school teachers examined the effects of sustained Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) on self-efficacy in science teaching. Based on mixed research methods, and a non-equivalent control group experimental design, the investigation explored changes in personal self-efficacy and outcome expectancy among teachers engaged in PLCs that featured Demonstration Laboratories, Lesson Study, and annual Summer Institutes. Significant changes favoring the experimental group were found on all quantitative measures of self-efficacy. Structured clinical interviews revealed that observed changes were largely attributable to a wide range of direct (mastery) and vicarious experiences, as well as emotional reinforcement and social persuasion.

Mintzes, Joel J.; Marcum, Bev; Messerschmidt-Yates, Christl; Mark, Andrew

2013-11-01

271

Disability Identification and Self-Efficacy among College Students on the Autism Spectrum  

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The number of youth on the autism spectrum approaching young adulthood and attending college is growing. Very little is known about the subjective experience of these college students. Disability identification and self-efficacy are two subjective factors that are critical for the developmental and logistical tasks associated with emerging adulthood. This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study 2 to examine the prevalence and correlates of disability identification and self-efficacy among college students on the autism spectrum. Results indicate nearly one-third of these students do not report seeing themselves as disabled or having a special need. Black race was associated with lower likelihood of both disability identification and self-efficacy.

Shattuck, Paul T.; Steinberg, Jessica; Yu, Jennifer; Wei, Xin; Cooper, Benjamin P.; Newman, Lynn; Roux, Anne M.

2014-01-01

272

Role of Self-efficacy in Youth Exercise Commitment and Participation  

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Full Text Available The present study aimed to conceptualize a model to examine the potential factors that lead youth to participate in exercise. The conceptual model was developed based on previously tested exercise commitment model (Alexandris, Zahariadis, Tsorbatzoudis, & Grouious, 2002 with additional factors of self-efficacies (i.e., coping, task, and scheduling. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the model and the findings showed that the proposed model had fair fit with the data (CFI = .962, TLI = .901, RMSEA = .09. The results indicated that investment (? = .532 and two self-efficacies [i.e., scheduling (?= .233 and task (? = .223] were the three significant determinants for exercise commitment for youth in 7th and 8th grade (p <001. Further, scheduling self-efficacy (? = .273, p<.005 and exercise commitment (? = .235, p<.05 contributed significantly positively on the stage of exercise participation.

Antonio S. Williams

2014-04-01

273

Discourse in freshman engineering teams: The relationship between verbal persuasions, self-efficacy, and achievement  

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Collaborative teamwork is a common practice in both science and engineering schools and workplaces. This study, using a mixed-methods approach, was designed to identify which team discourse characteristics are correlated with changes in student self-efficacy and achievement. Bandura's self-efficacy theory constitutes the theoretical framework. Seven teams, consisting of first-year engineering students, took the pre- and post-surveys and were video- and audio-recorded during a semester-long Introduction to Engineering Design course. Three instruments were developed: a self-efficacy survey, a team interaction observation protocol, and a team interaction self-report survey. The reliability and validity of these instruments were established. An iterative process of code development and refinement led to the development of thirty-five discourse types, which were grouped under six discourse categories: task-oriented, response-oriented, learning-oriented, support-oriented, challenge-oriented, and disruptive. The results of the quantitative data analysis showed that achievement and gain in self-efficacy were significantly correlated ( r=.55, pteamwork can lead to achievement to the extent that it supports self-efficacy. They also suggest that interactions such as receiving positive or negative feedback have less impact on self-efficacy than does the overall constructive behavior of the group. The qualitative component of the study, which focused on three case studies, presents how supportive and disruptive interactions occurred during team discourse. Discussion includes recommendations for educators on how to help teams build supportive environments as well as what to look for when forming teams and evaluating student team interactions.

Yasar, Senay

274

Tinkering self-efficacy and team interaction on freshman engineering design teams  

Science.gov (United States)

This study utilizes Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a framework to examine the development of tinkering skills white working on a freshman engineering design team. The four sources of self-efficacy were analyzed in the context of tinkering within the design team. The research question, 'Does tinkering self-efficacy change for female students during the Freshman Engineering Design class while working on mixed sex teams?', was addressed using quantitative data collection and field observations. Approximately 41 students enrolled in a freshman engineering design class at a public university in the southwest participated by providing self-reports about their tinkering involvement during each design project. In addition, three mixed-sex student teams were observed while working to complete the course design projects. An observation protocol based on Bandura's sources of self efficacy, was used to document tinkering interactions within the three observed teams. The results revealed that Bandura's sources of self-efficacy influenced tinkering involvement. The self-efficacy source, performance accomplishment measured through prior tinkering experience, was the most influential on tinkering involvement. Unlike Bandura's ranking of influence, verbal persuasion was shown to correlate with more tinkering behaviors than the observation of others. The number of females on a team had no impact on tinkering involvement. Tinkering involvement did not change as students progressed from one project to another. However, the competitive nature of the design project appeared to have a negative impact on tinkering involvement and the division of tasks within the team. In addition, a difference was found in the female students' perception of their tinkering involvement and observation of their tinkering involvement. The findings suggest that effective implementation of teamwork including teamwork preparation, more emphasis on the design process and the elimination of competition between teams are necessary to create a more equitable learning environment.

Richardson, Arlisa Labrie

275

Disability, Activities of Daily Living and Self Efficacy in Dialysis Patients  

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Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess patients’ disability, activities of daily living and self-efficacy patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD and continuos ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD, to examine the relationship between them. Material and Methods: This study was carried with 152 patients as sample group. In this study, three instruments were used: Personal Information Form, Brief Disability Questionnaire, Katz\\'s Activity\\'s of Daily Living Index and Lawton and Brody\\'s Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Index and Self-efficacy Assessment Form. Data collected from the study was analyzed using percent, mean, Tukey test, significance test of two means, One-way variant analysis and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The study results demonstrate that while there is a correlation between self-care ability and age, education level, marital status and additional health problems, factors such as age, gender, education level, work status, income level, social insurance status and frequency of hemodialysis application determine self-efficacy. Furthermore, a negative correlation was found between patients’ disability and activities of daily living , self-efficacy. It was determined that as the level of disability increases self-efficiacy level decreases. Conclusions: Dialysis application affects patients’ disability, activities of daily living and self-efficacy levels. In view of this study’s results, it is recommended to organize education programs to increase self-efficacy levels of dialysis patients and prepare comprehensive plans including patients’ families. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000: 181-186

Mukadder Mollaoglu

2011-04-01

276

The influence of self-efficacy on the effects of framed health messages  

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Health promoting messages can be framed in terms of the gains that are associated with healthy behaviour, or the losses that are associated with unhealthy behaviour. In this study, we examined the influence of self-efficacy to quit smoking on the effects of gain framed and loss framed anti-smoking messages in a randomized controlled trial among 539 adult smokers. Participants with a high self-efficacy to quit smoking reported higher levels of motivation to quit smoking after receiving a loss ...

2008-01-01

277

The role of attitudes and self-efficacy in predicting condom use and purchase intentions.  

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This study examines the condom purchasing and use habits of 256 college students in Norway and English-speaking Canada, and develops a structural equation model to explain condom purchase and use. In the model, intention to purchase condoms is influenced by self-efficacy in condom purchasing, as well as by intention to use condoms. Intention to use condoms is influenced by having a positive attitude toward condom usage and by self-efficacy in persuading a partner to use condoms. The implications for health promotion and social marketing campaigns are discussed. PMID:15739827

Gabler, Joanna; Kropp, Fredric; Silvera, David H; Lavack, Anne M

2004-01-01

278

Increasing Memory Self-Efficacy and Strategy Use in Hispanic Elders  

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This study tested the effects of a 4-week, nine-session group intervention taught in Spanish to Hispanic older adults entitled “Quieres Mejorar Tu Memoria” (Do you wish to improve your memory?). The program was based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory and was designed to increase memory self-efficacy and strategy use. A total of 33 older adults attending a senior center (mean--age = 69 years; education = 5 years; MMSE = 25) participated in the study. A booster session and a post-test wer...

Mcdougall, Graham J.

1998-01-01

279

A Study on the Correlation between Self Efficacy and Foreign Language Learning Anxiety  

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Full Text Available Anxiety in language learning is one of the less researched areas; that is why this study explores whether the anxiety level of foreign language learners is related to their self efficacy levels. For this purpose, 100 participants joined the study and the Foreign Language Learning Anxiety Scale and The Self Efficacy Scale were administered to them. The results show that both aspects are uncorrelated and gender plays no important role in terms of the anxiety level and self perception ratings of these junior teacher trainees.

Feryal ÇUBUKÇU

2008-01-01

280

Self-efficacy moderates message-framing effects: The case of skin-cancer detection  

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Health-promoting messages can be framed in terms of the gains associated with healthy behaviour, or the losses associated with unhealthy behaviour. Studies show inconsistent results as to which type of framing is more effective. In this study, we examined the influence of self-efficacy to perform skin self-examination on the effects of gain- and loss-framed skin-cancer detection messages among 124 university students. For participants with high self-efficacy, a loss-framed message resulted in...

Riet, J. P.; Ruiter, R. A. C.; Werrij, M. Q.; Vries, H.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Gender-Differences in Self-Efficacy ICT Related to Various ICT-User Profiles in Finland and Norway. How Do Self-Efficacy, Gender and ICT-User Profiles Relate to Findings from PISA 2006  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we explored the relationship between self-efficacy, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) user profiles, and gender. Self-efficacy is an important theoretical and empirical concept to identify and describe how students perceive their own ability to solve a task. ICT user profiles were developed as an empirical framework to…

Tomte, Cathrine; Hatlevik, Ove E.

2011-01-01

282

Academic Procrastination of Undergraduates: Low Self-Efficacy to Self-Regulate Predicts Higher Levels of Procrastination  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports two studies exploring the academic procrastination of 456 undergraduates. Study 1 explores the relationships among academic procrastination, self-regulation, academic self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-efficacy for self-regulation. Results reveal that although other self-variables are related to procrastination,…

Klassen, Robert M.; Krawchuk, Lindsey L.; Rajani, Sukaina

2008-01-01

283

Comparison of the medical students' perceived self-efficacy and the evaluation of the observers and patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The accuracy of self-assessment has been questioned in studies comparing physicians' self-assessments to observed assessments; however, none of these studies used self-efficacy as a method for self-assessment.The aim of the study was to investigate how medical students' perceived self-efficacy of specific communication skills corresponds to the evaluation of simulated patients and observers.

Ammentorp, Jette; Thomsen, Janus Laust

2013-01-01

284

The Relationship between Statistics Self-Efficacy, Statistics Anxiety, and Performance in an Introductory Graduate Statistics Course  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between statistics self-efficacy, statistics anxiety, and performance in introductory graduate statistics courses. The study design compared two statistics self-efficacy measures developed by Finney and Schraw (2003), a statistics anxiety measure developed by Cruise and Wilkins (1980),…

Schneider, William R.

2011-01-01

285

The Effects of Aural versus Notated Instructional Materials on Achievement and Self-Efficacy in Jazz Improvisation  

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of aural versus notated pedagogical materials on achievement and self-efficacy in instrumental jazz improvisation performance. A secondary purpose of this study was to investigate how achievement and self-efficacy may be related to selected experience variables. The sample for the…

Watson, Kevin E.

2010-01-01

286

Effects of Self-Regulatory Interventions on the Self-Efficacy of Community College Non-Science Majors.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines how self-regulatory interventions affected the biology self-efficacy of a sample of non-science majors enrolled in a Midwestern community college. Portfolio assignments and a survey instrument were used to measure the self-efficacy of college non-majors for performing biology-related tasks. Results show that the vast majority…

Maurer, Matthew J.

287

The impact of affectivity dispositions, self-efficacy and locus of control on psychosocial adjustment in patients with epilepsy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The main hypothesis of this study was that negative and positive affectivity, self-efficacy and health-related locus of control are important for psychosocial adjustment in patients with epilepsy. These dimensions are rarely examined directly in relation to the psychosocial adjustment in these patients. Correlations between measures of these constructs and measures of psychosocial adjustment in epilepsy were investigated. One hundred and one patients answered the Washington psychosocial seizure inventory (WPSI), the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS-X), the multidimensional health locus of control scales (MHLC), the generalized self-efficacy scale and a scale measuring self-efficacy in epilepsy. Reliability analyses, correlational analyses and multiple stepwise regression analyses were performed. Negative affectivity (NA), positive affectivity (PA) and generalized self-efficacy showed high correlations with the WPSI scales emotional adjustment, overall psychosocial adjustment and quality of life. The epilepsy self-efficacy measures showed high, but lower correlations with the same WPSI scales. The MHLC scales showed low correlations with the WPSI scales. Multiple regression analyses showed that PA, NA and measures of self-efficacy explained more than 50% of the variances on emotional adjustment, overall psychosocial functioning and quality of life. In conclusion, positive and negative affectivity and self-efficacy are important predictors of perceived emotional adjustment, psychosocial adjustment and quality of life in patients with epilepsy. NA is the best predictor, but PA and self-efficacy measures give unique predictions independent of NA. PMID:11395289

Gramstad, A; Iversen, E; Engelsen, B A

2001-07-01

288

The Role of Personality and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy in the Career Choice Commitment of College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the effects of personality and career decision-making self-efficacy on progress in career choice commitment in a sample of 184 college students. It was hypothesized that self-efficacy would mediate the relationship between neuroticism and extraversion and career choice commitment. Results revealed significant differences…

Wang, Naitian; Jome, LaRae M.; Haase, Richard F.; Bruch, Monroe A.

2006-01-01

289

Adult Attachment, Social Self-Efficacy, Self-Disclosure, Loneliness, and Subsequent Depression for Freshman College Students: A Longitudinal Study  

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This longitudinal study examined whether social self-efficacy and self-disclosure serve as mediators between attachment and feelings of loneliness and subsequent depression. Participants were 308 freshmen at a large Midwestern university. Results indicated that social self-efficacy mediated the association between attachment anxiety and feelings…

Wei, Meifen; Russel, Daniel W.; Zakalik, Robyn A.

2005-01-01

290

Effects of an Undergraduate Career Class on Men's and Women's Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Vocational Identity  

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The current study hypothesized that undergraduates enrolled in a career explorations course would report significant gains in career decision-making self-efficacy and vocational identity during a semester. A repeated measures MANOVA was used to assess 88 students' precourse and postcourse self-efficacy for five tasks related to career decision…

Scott, Anne B.; Ciani, Keith D.

2008-01-01

291

Using Commonality Analysis to Quantify Contributions that Self-Efficacy and Motivational Factors Make in Mathematics Performance  

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Self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety have been identified as predictors of mathematics achievement. In the present study, secondary analyses on matrix summaries available from prior published studies were utilized to investigate the contribution that self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety made in mathematics performance. Commonality analyses were…

Zientek, Linda Reichwein; Thompson, Bruce

2010-01-01

292

Democratic Values and Teacher Self-Efficacy Perceptions: A Case of Pre-Service English Language Teachers in Turkey  

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This study investigated democratic values of pre-service English language teachers in relation to their teacher self-efficacy perceptions in a Turkish context. It also examined the possible relationships between gender, grade and democratic values and self-efficacy perceptions. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 294 pre-service teachers.…

Topkaya, Ece Zehir; Yavu, Aysun

2011-01-01

293

Use of ICT Technologies and Factors Affecting Pre-Service ELT Teachers' Perceived ICT Self-Efficacy  

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This study aims to identify both level and frequency of ICT technology use and factors affecting perceived self-efficacy levels of pre-service English Language Teaching (ELT) teachers' (n = 241) ICT self-efficacy. The data were collected through a survey (Çuhadar & Yücel, 2010) during the 2011-2012 academic year that includes items on the…

Bozdogan, Derya; Özen, Rasit

2014-01-01

294

Understanding the Antecedents of Korean High School Students’ Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy: Parental Influence, Peer Influence, and Behavior  

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The current study examined the factors that influence Korean adolescents’ drinking refusal self-efficacy, which is known to be associated with alcohol use and drinking intentions. Specifically, this study considered parental monitoring, parent-child communication satisfaction, peer influence, and prior alcohol use as possible antecedents of Korean high school students’ drinking refusal self-efficacy. High school stud...

Su Ahn Jang; NamAuk Cho; Jina Yoo

2011-01-01

295

Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy in Beginning Weight Training Class: Their Relations to Students' Behavioral Intention and Actual Behavior  

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This study was an initial attempt to investigate the relationships among self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, behavioral intention, and actual behavior over time in a beginning weight training class. A total of 109 participants completed questionnaires assessing their self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and intentions for future weight training.…

Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia M.; Harrison, Louis, Jr.

2008-01-01

296

Preliminary Evidence that Self-Efficacy Predicts Physical Activity in Multiple Sclerosis  

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Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are less physically active than nondiseased people. One method for increasing physical activity levels involves the identification of factors that correlate with physical activity and that are modifiable by a well designed intervention. This study examined two types of self-efficacy as cross-sectional and…

Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Doerksen, Shawna; Hu, Liang; Morris, Katherine S.

2009-01-01

297

The Generality of Drug Resistance Self-Efficacy across Social Situations and Solitary Contexts.  

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According to a recent national survey, 9 out of 10 high school students in the United States reported that they had tried alcohol at least once. Previous research has identified drug resistance self-efficacy (DRSE) as an important construct in adolescent drug use, which is the focus of this research study. A total of 361 students in grades 9-12…

Jenkins, Jeanne E.; Nolan, Heather; Rieder, Christie

298

Using Self-Efficacy to Assess the Readiness of Nursing Educators and Students for Mobile Learning  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the self-efficacy of nursing faculty and students related to their potential use of mobile technology and to ask what implications this technology has for their teaching and learning in practice education contexts. We used a cross-sectional survey design involving students and faculty in two nursing…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Burton, Pamela A.; Park, Caroline L.; Qayyum, Adnan

2012-01-01

299

Depression among Collage Students; The Role of General Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support  

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Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder reported among college students. Evidence suggests that depression rate is especially high among medical students. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship of general self-efficacy and social support with depression levels of university students.Materials & Methods: This was a descriptive analytic study carried out among 235 students in Hamadan University of medical sciences. Samples were classified with the appropriate assignment done and gathering information from standard questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory test & General Self Efficacy Scale & Perceived Social Support Scale. The data were analyzed by SPSS-13.Results: 37 percent of students showed different degrees of depression. A significant negative correlation was found among depression, self efficacy (P.value= 0.000, r= -0.581, and social support (P.value= 0.000, r= -0.617. Also the results showed that there was significant relationship between depression and student's dwelling (P<0.05.Conclusion: These findings also indicated the potential roles of social support in mediating depression. According to the results self efficacy strategies could improve the students' mental health.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2012;18(4:60-66

F. Jalilian

2012-01-01

300

Investigating School Counselors' Perceived Role and Self-Efficacy in Managing Multiparty Student Conflict  

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The purpose of this study was to examine school counselors' perceived role and self-efficacy in managing multiparty student conflict. Literature on conflict resolution in the field of education has not addressed conflicts that take place among three or more students, or multiparty student conflict. Therefore, investigated in this study were middle…

Yacco, Summer

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students  

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The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

Gocer, Ali

2013-01-01

302

Prospective Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Emotions in Science Teaching  

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The self-efficacy of prospective primary teachers was studied, considering in particular the relationship of that construct with the emotions they expect to experience as future science teachers, differentiating between when they will be teaching the content of the "nature sciences" (biology and geology) and that of the "hard sciences" (physics…

Brigido, Maria; Borrachero, Ana Belen; Bermejo, Maria Luisa; Mellado, Vicente

2013-01-01

303

Relationships among Young Adults' Marital Messages Received, Marital Attitudes, and Relationship Self-Efficacy  

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The authors examined relationships among university students' marital messages received (MMR), marital attitudes, and romantic relationship self-efficacy (RSE). Results indicated that students' marital attitudes and romantic relationship status predicted their level of RSE. The authors found differences in MMR, marital attitudes, and RSE on the…

Shurts, W. Matthew; Myers, Jane E.

2012-01-01

304

Mathematical Literacy in Undergraduates: Role of Gender, Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Self-Efficacy  

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This empirical study explores the roles that Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Emotional Self-Efficacy (ESE) play in undergraduates' mathematical literacy, and the influence of EI and ESE on students' attitudes towards and beliefs about mathematics. A convenience sample of 93 female and 82 male first-year undergraduates completed a test of…

Tariq, Vicki N.; Qualter, Pamela; Roberts, Sian; Appleby, Yvon; Barnes, Lynne

2013-01-01

305

Taiwan College Students' Self-Efficacy and Motivation of Learning in Online Peer Assessment Environments  

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Online peer assessment is an innovative evaluation method that has caught both educators' and practitioners' attention in recent years. The purpose of this study was to develop relevant questionnaires for teachers to understand student self-efficacy and motivation in online peer assessment learning environments. A total of 205 college students…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

306

Improving Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Self-Efficacy through a Teaching Intervention for University Students  

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Emotional intelligence continues to receive a substantial amount of attention from researchers who argue that it is an important predictor of health, wellbeing and in particular, work-related outcomes. Emotional self-efficacy, which is concerned with beliefs in one's emotional functioning capabilities, has recently been shown to be important in…

Pool, Lorraine Dacre; Qualter, Pamela

2012-01-01

307

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Teachers' Emotional Intelligence and Their Self-Efficacy in Language Institutes  

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The study reported in this paper was conducted to examine the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers' emotional intelligence and their self-efficacy in Language Institutes. To this end, 89 EFL teachers were selected from different Language Institutes in Mashhad, a city in north-east of Iran. The participants were asked to complete the…

Moafian, Fatemeh; Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh

2009-01-01

308

Emotional Intelligence and Teacher Self Efficacy: The Contribution of Teacher Status and Length of Experience  

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Practicing teachers and principals in selected Government schools in Victoria provided data on their levels of emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy beliefs. The data supported the theoretical expectation of a linkage between emotional intelligence and teacher self efficacy. Regression analyses showed that neither gender nor age moderated…

Penrose, Andrea; Perry, Chris; Ball, Ian

2007-01-01

309

Elementary EFL Teachers' Computer Phobia and Computer Self-Efficacy in Taiwan  

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The advent and application of computer and information technology has increased the overall success of EFL teaching; however, such success is hard to assess, and teachers prone to computer avoidance face negative consequences. Two major obstacles are high computer phobia and low computer self-efficacy. However, little research has been carried out…

Chen, Kate Tzuching

2012-01-01

310

Self-Efficacy and Attitudes of the Teacher Candidates Who Participated in Pedagogical Formation Training  

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This study was performed to investigate the perception of self-efficacy and attitudes towards teaching profession of the teacher candidates who participated in the certificate program of pedagogical formation training with regards to such variables as gender, age and graduated undergraduate programs. A descriptive survey model was utilized. The…

Sahin, Harun

2013-01-01

311

COMPARISONS OF SELF-EFFICACY AND HOPE AMONG STUDENTS WITH AND WITHOUT LEARNING DISABILITIES  

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Full Text Available Learning disability is a life-long condition that can affect academic functioning, everyday life and social life. In multiple areas, academic and other, students with LD often underachieve, and often with pervasive negative consequences. This study compared self-efficacy and hope in 30 elementary school (sixth grade children with learning disabilities (LD and 30 their peers without LD. An ex post facto design was used. Statistical population comprised of all students in elementary schools (sixth grade in, Harsin, Iran, during the 2012-2013 academic year. Students with learning disabilities were randomly selected. The students with LD had been diagnosed by Colorado Learning Difficulties Questionnaire (CLDQ. The students completed the Wechsler Memory Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Children’s Hope Scale. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 20 was used for computing descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Differences were found between the groups on the self-efficacy and hope. The study demon­strated the important role of self-efficacy and hope for students with LD.

Mohammad HOJATI

2013-03-01

312

Meaningful and Maladaptive Homework Practices: The Role of Self-Efficacy and Self-Regulation  

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This article examines the role of self-regulation of learning on assigned homework. The findings reveal positive relationships between homework activities and self-efficacy, responsibility for learning, and delay of gratification. This review shows a positive relationship between homework and a range of self-regulation skills that facilitates…

Bembenutty, Hefer

2011-01-01

313

Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Florida School Principals regarding Federal and State Accountability Measures  

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This study examined how self-efficacy beliefs, a central construct of social cognitive theory, might be used to inform educational leadership and policy decisions related to school accountability measures. A survey of 112 principals in Florida was used to investigate the degree to which principals believed the goals of federal and state school…

McCullers, John Frank

2009-01-01

314

Relations of Gender and Socioeconomic Status to Physics through Metacognition and Self-Efficacy  

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The authors explored how gender and socioeconomic status (SES) predicted physics achievement as mediated by metacognition and physics self-efficacy. Data were collected from 338 high school students. The model designed for exploring how gender and SES-related differences in physics achievement were explained through metacognition and physics…

Yerdelen-Damar, Sevda; Pesman, Haki

2013-01-01

315

Relationship between Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Emotions of Future Teachers of Physics in Secondary Education  

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The self-efficacy beliefs of prospective teachers of secondary education in their physics classes are analysed, observing their perceived ability to successfully teach their students and to relate to the emotions they foresee in their future physics classes. To this end, a questionnaire was designed inquiring into the possible emotions they might…

Borrachero, Ana Belen; Brigido, Maria; Costillo, Emilio; Bermejo, M. Luisa; Melado, Vicente

2013-01-01

316

The Adoption and Integration of Technology within the Classroom: Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

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Many teachers are failing to incorporate technology into their classroom instruction. Researchers have reported a general failure in this regard; however, minimal study is available on the role of teacher self-efficacy in incorporating technology into pedagogy. This sequential, mixed-method study sought to discover whether a significant…

Haight, Kevin W.

2011-01-01

317

Parental Self-Efficacy and Joining a Savings Program for Children's Education  

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Objectives: Using baseline survey data, the study examined self-efficacy of 381 lower-income parents who had opportunities to build financial assets for their children by opening college savings accounts in a human service agency. Methods: Of the study sample, 62% of the parents decided to open accounts while 38% did not. Structural equation…

Okech, David; Little, Todd D.; Williams Shanks, Trina R.; Adams, Deborah

2011-01-01

318

The Psychometric Properties of the Difficult Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale  

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The study was designed to estimate the psychometric properties of Hastings and Brown's (2002a) Difficult Behavior Self-efficacy Scale. Participants were two samples of physical educators teaching in Korea (n = 229) and the United States (U.S.; n = 139). An initial translation of the questionnaire to Korean and pilot study were conducted along with…

Oh, Hyun-Kyoung; Kozub, Francis M.

2010-01-01

319

Self-efficacy: a mediator of smoking behavior and depression among college students.  

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Cigarette smoking is a growing problem among adolescents. This correlational study tested theoretical relationships between the dependent variable (smoking behavior) and the independent variables (depression and smoking resistance self-efficacy) in a convenience sample of 364 college students ages 18 to 21 years recruited from a large urban public college. An a priori mediational model tested the role of smoking resistance self-efficacy as a mediator in the relationship between smoking behavior and depression. Findings showed there was a statistically significant positive relationship between depression and smoking behavior (r = 0.122, p = 0.01). There was a statistically significant negative relationship between smoking resistance self-efficacy and smoking behavior (r = -0.744, p = 0.01). Additionally, smoking resistance self-efficacy was a mediator of the relationship between depression and smoking behavior (beta = -0.757, p = 0.001). This study identifies a need for further theory-driven study of the relation of adolescent depression and smoking behavior. The findings of this study have implications for nursing interventions targeted to both current smokers and smoking initiation prevention programs. PMID:24757914

Mee, Susan

2014-01-01

320

Young Workers' Job Self-Efficacy and Affect: Pathways to Health and Performance  

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This longitudinal study of 195 young workers responds to calls for the study of healthy work at discrete life stages. Based on social cognitive and affective events theories and using structural equation modeling, results indicated that both perceived job self-efficacy and job-related affect fully mediate the relationship between interpersonal…

Lubbers, Ralph; Loughlin, Catherine; Zweig, David

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Technology Readiness, Internet Self-Efficacy and Computing Experience of Professional Accounting Students  

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Purpose: This study aims to assess the state of technology readiness of professional accounting students in Malaysia, to examine their level of internet self-efficacy, to assess their prior computing experience, and to explore if they are satisfied with the professional course that they are pursuing in improving their technology skills.…

Lai, Ming-Ling

2008-01-01

322

The Effect of "Tenebrio Obscurus" on Elementary Preservice Teachers' Content Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy  

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This study explores the extent to which an activity used in an elementary science methods course affected the preservice teachers' content knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy. The participants were 172 students enrolled in five sections of elementary science methods. Students participated in a 9-week investigation on life cycles using…

Weinburgh, Molly

2007-01-01

323

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

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The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

324

Agricultural Personnel’s Proactive Behavior: Effects of Self efficacy Perceptions and Perceived Organizational Support  

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A model for predicting psychological empowerment and proactive behavior was examined with 80 agricultural personnel from Karaj, Iran country. They completed measures of perceived organizational support (POS), psychological empowerment (PE), self efficacy (JSE), and proactive behavior (PB). Results supported the conceptual framework of study for understanding internal and motivational underpinnings that may contribute to explain psychological empowerment and proactive behavior. Perceived organ...

Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi; Hossein Kazem Nadi; Seyed Mahmood Hosseini; Ahmad Rezvanfar

2012-01-01

325

Career Interests, Self-Efficacy, and Personality as Antecedents of Career Exploration  

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Career interests and self-efficacy (using J. L. Holland's realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional types for both) and the big five personality dimensions (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism) were used to predict college students' career exploration behaviors approximately 18…

Nauta, Margaret M.

2007-01-01

326

Contextual Effects on the Self-Efficacy of High School Teachers.  

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This study was conducted to examine high school teachers' perceptions of self-efficacy and ways in which self-perception is affected by: (1) differences in the characteristics of classes taught; (2) differences in the organizational environments in which teachers work; and (3) interactions that neutralize the negative effects of difficult classes.…

Raudenbush, Stephen W.; And Others

327

Science Teaching Self-Efficacy in a Primary School: A Case Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of interviews, observations, and surveys using the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument of (n=37) primary science teachers indicated teachers with high personal science teaching self-efficacy have had a long interest in science and a relatively strong background of formal science studies with opportunities for exploring…

de Laat, Jenny; Watters, James J.

1995-01-01

328

Impact of Peer Coaching on Self-Efficacy and Instructional Skills in TEFL Teacher Education  

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The goal of the study was to test whether student teachers trained using a peer coaching training program after teaching practicum sessions in teaching of English as a foreign language would demonstrate greater improvement on measures of a number of identified instructional skills and self-efficacy than those just receiving traditional supervisor…

Goker, Suleyman Davut

2006-01-01

329

Changes in perceived self-efficacy and attitude toward science and teaching science in elementary school  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was developed in an effort to ascertain if a proposed biological laboratory curriculum as developed and modeled by the instructor would affect the attitudes and perceived self-efficacy towards science, science teaching and ability to learn science of pre-service elementary teachers. Self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies were incorporated as the variation. Attitudinal topics investigated were the perceived ability to learn science and to teach science. Students in one biology for non-science majors. biology laboratory class at the University of Southern Mississippi participated in this case study. The group participated in the modified laboratory section which utilized SRL activities, including reflections on in-class activities. In addition to these activities, the group worked within the state.s elementary science framework to design and implement science lessons. Password protected on-line surveys were used at the beginning and the end of the course to assess the attitudes, perceived self-efficacy and self-regulated learning level of all students. Interviews with participants were conducted as follow up to ascertain long-term impact of the curriculum. Student artifacts, researcher observations and follow up interviews were analyzed to identify any changes in student attitude towards and perceived self-efficacy in science and teaching science. Analysis identified a positive change in students. attitudes and perceived self-efficacy after participation in the modified laboratory section, indicating moderate success of the proposed curriculum based on SRL.

Sullivan, Betsy Ann

330

FACULTY MENTORS' AND STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS' RESEARCH SELF-EFFICACY  

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Mentoring in nursing is an important process for socializing nurse researchers, developing a body of professional knowledge, and influencing career choices of students. Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997) is concerned with one's perceived ability to perform tasks within a specific domain.

Lev, Elise L.; Kolassa, John; Bakken, Lori L.

2010-01-01

331

Exploring Teacher Self-Efficacy for Inclusive Practices in Three Diverse Countries  

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The purpose of this study was to explain teachers' perceived efficacy for teaching in inclusive classrooms by using a sample of 1911 in-service teachers from China, Finland, and South Africa. Bandura's theory of self-efficacy was used as a starting point to develop distinct models for each country. We found that in all countries, experience in…

Malinen, Olli-Pekka; Savolainen, Hannu; Engelbrecht, Petra; Xu, Jiacheng; Nel, Mirna; Nel, Norma; Tlale, Dan

2013-01-01

332

Women's self-efficacy perceptions in mathematics and science: Investigating USC-MESA students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is an investigation into female high school seniors in the USC-MESA program and how the role of self-efficacy perceptions in mathematics and science relates to their college major choice. Bandura's theory on self-efficacy provides the backdrop for this study. This study is qualitative and takes an ethnographic approach incorporating 23 interviews, 2 focus groups, 49.5 hours of observation, and document analysis. Results show that female high school seniors participating in the USC-MESA program demonstrate a strong self-efficacy perception in mathematics and science through their academic choices and pursuits in high school and beyond. This finding confirms a linear approach in understanding how courses taken in high school contribute to the trajectory of college academic choices. It also challenges the theory of self-efficacy in math and science to examine historically underrepresented populations in the field and the external factors that play a key role in their persistence to pursue STEM fields in college and beyond.

Hong, Rebecca Cheng-Shun

333

Lecturer Self Efficacy: Its Related Dimensions and the Influence of Gender and Qualifications  

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In this study, a sample of Australian academics from two institutions, was used to investigate factors which relate to lecturer self-efficacy. A questionnaire was utilised to obtain responses in three separate areas, namely, research, teaching, and service (i.e., administration/professional engagement). Subsequent factor analysis resulted in the…

Hemmings, Brian; Kay, Russell

2009-01-01

334

Self-Efficacy, Goal Orientations and Learning Strategies as Mediators between Preceding and Subsequent Academic Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

High school grade point average (HSGPA), self-efficacy, goal orientations, learning strategies, and examination grade were measured in a sample of Norwegian undergraduate psychology students in order to investigate motives and strategies as mediators between preceding and subsequent academic achievement. Correlation analysis showed strong…

Diseth, Age

2011-01-01

335

Understanding the Influence of Perceived Usability and Technology Self-Efficacy on Teachers' Technology Acceptance  

Science.gov (United States)

The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) represents how users come to accept and use a given technology and can be applied to teachers' use of educational technologies. Here the model is extended to incorporate teachers' perceived usability and self-efficacy measures toward the technologies they are currently using. The authors administered a survey…

Holden, Heather; Rada, Roy

2011-01-01

336

The Role of Self-Efficacy, Goal, and Affect in Dynamic Motivational Self-Regulation  

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In this paper, we examined the within-person relationship between self-efficacy and performance in an Internet-based stock investment simulation in which participants engaged in a series of stock trading activities trying to achieve performance goals in response to dynamic task environments (performance feedback and stock market movements).…

Seo, Myeong-gu; Ilies, Remus

2009-01-01

337

The Early Intervention Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale (EIPSES): Scale Construction and Initial Psychometric Evidence  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties of an instrument designed to measure parenting efficacy within the context of early intervention, the Early Intervention Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale (EIPSES), were explored. One hundred seventeen caregivers of children receiving early intervention services completed the 20-item EIPSES. The scale was reduced to 16…

Guimond, Amy B.; Wilcox, M. Jeanne; Lamorey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

338

Examining the relationship between elementary teachers' science self-efficacy and science content knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) education is currently commanding an ever-greater share of our national dialogue about education. Very few STEM initiatives focus on studies involving in-service teachers; most education research involves preservice teacher candidates. This researcher used a 54 question survey to examine in-service elementary teachers' science content knowledge and self-efficacy constructs. The instrument combines Enochs and Riggs' (1990) Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (STEBI) with the researcher's content knowledge instrument created from a northwest Florida school district's science textbook series. The researcher's instrument was created to access participants' science content knowledge so the results can be compared to science self-efficacy results from the STEBI. The results of this study show there is a statistically significant relationship between the teachers' science self-efficacy and science content knowledge. The researcher concluded that in order to increase in-service teachers' science self-efficacy, district and school personnel need to increase opportunities for teachers to improve their science content knowledge.

Wimsatt, Mary Jo

339

Work Volition, Career Decision Self-Efficacy, and Academic Satisfaction: An Examination of Mediators and Moderators  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the relation of work volition to career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) and academic satisfaction in a diverse sample of 447 undergraduate college students. Work volition was found to be moderately correlated with academic satisfaction and strongly correlated with CDSE. Potential mediators and moderators in the link of…

Jadidian, Alex; Duffy, Ryan D.

2012-01-01

340

Self Efficacy in English and Iranian Senior High School Students Majoring in Humanities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Observing the low English achievements of Iranian senior high school students majoring in humanities ascompared with those of the other majors motivated the researcher to set out this study. The reseracher investigatedthe humanities students’ English self-efficacy beliefs, and examined the contributions they make to their EFLachievements. A total of 80 senior high school students and 20 high school English teachers participated in the study.The methodology underlying the study was both qualitative (teacher interviews, classroom observations, and studentdiaries and quantitative (through the implementation of a structured questionnaire and a measure of EFLachievement. The approach was both exploratory and confirmatory in design for the qualitative data, while thequantitative data were analyzed using a chi-square test and a set of correlational analysis. The results revealed thatthe students majoring in humanities had a very weak English self-efficacy and held certain negative beliefs abouttheir academic ability as foreign language learners. A strong positive correlation was found between their EFLachievements and self-efficacy. The qualtitative data provided very rich and invaluable information regarding thesources of their low self-efficacy and its negative consequences. The implications suggested in the study seem to behelpful to teachers, who proved to have a great role in shaping the students’ self-perceptions of their academicabilitiy.

Jamileh RAHEMI

2007-10-01

 
 
 
 
341

Anticipated Work-Family Conflict: Effects of Role Salience and Self-Efficacy  

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The current study investigated how male and female university students' self-efficacy and their role salience contributed to the variance in their anticipated work-family conflict (WFC). Participants comprised 387 unmarried students (mean age 24 years). Cluster analysis yielded four profiles of participants who differed in their attributions of…

Cinamon, Rachel Gali

2010-01-01

342

Parenting Styles Influence on Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy and Academic Adjustment in College Students  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting style, locus of control, self-efficacy, and student outcome (i.e. academic performance, GPA) in a sample of college students. The relationship among gender and ethnicity were also examined across these variables. There were 100 participants in this study,…

Mills, Kimberly Tracey

2010-01-01

343

The Roles of Self-efficacy and Locus of Control in the Intrapreneurship  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to discover the role of the self efficacy and locus of control on the process of intrapreneurship. The data were collected from 211 employees working in the information sector with using the Intrepreneurship Scale, Self-efficacy Scale and Locus of Control Scale. The results of the structural model showed that there are negative relationship between locus of control and the innovativeness (?=-0,12, p<0,01, risk taking (?=-0,11, p<0,01 and expanding network (?=-0,10, p<0,01 as the dimensions of the intrapreneurship. Moreover it was revealed that there are positive relations between the self efficacy and the innovativeness (?=0,25, p<0,01, proactivity (?=0,22, p<0,01, risk taking (?=0,17, p<0,01, autonomy (?=0,19, p<0,01 and expanding network (?=0,16, p<0,01. Ultimately, these findings determined the important roles of the people in high self-efficacy and internal locus of control on the success of the intrapreneurship processes.

Fatih Cetin

2011-07-01

344

Self-Efficacy for Resolving Environmental Uncertainties: Implications for Entrepreneurial Educational and Support Programs  

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Using a unique sample of rural Kentucky residents, we demonstrated that, in the domain of operational and competitive environmental uncertainties, self-efficacy beliefs are significantly higher among nascent entrepreneurs than among non-entrepreneurs. We employed the hierarchical logistic regression analysis to demonstrate that this result is…

Pushkarskaya, Helen; Usher, Ellen L.

2010-01-01

345

Generalist Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Primary School Music Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study focuses on the music teaching experiences of five Australian generalist primary school teachers in their third year of teaching. The aim was to identify these teachers' current practices in teaching music, in particular their self-efficacy in relation to teaching music. A narrative inquiry methodology was employed,…

de Vries, Peter

2013-01-01

346

Mathematics Anxiety as a Function of Multidimensional Self-Regulation and Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tested the veracity of a model of Mathematics Anxiety as the end-point of related self-regulatory and self-efficacy processes. Data were collected in India from 232, eighth grade students on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire and the Mathematics Anxiety Scale. Demographic information such as student' gender, age, marks…

Jain, Sachin; Dowson, Martin

2009-01-01

347

Examining Measurement Properties of an English Self-Efficacy Scale for English Language Learners in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides evidence for the validity of the Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy in a sample of 167 college students in Korea. Results show that the scale measures largely satisfy the Rasch model for unidimensionality. The rating scale appeared to function effectively. The item hierarchy was consistent with the expected item order. The…

Wang, Chuang; Kim, Do-Hong; Bong, Mimi; Ahn, Hyun Seon

2013-01-01

348

Improving Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy through Service Learning: Lessons Learned  

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Full Text Available University students have been barraged with service learning opportunities both as course required and as volunteer opportunities in recent years. Currently, many universities now require students to participate in engaged learning as a graduation requirement. Situated in Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy, this study examines the effects service learning has on students teaching self-efficacy when required to participate in an activity (course connected, compared to when they chose to volunteer in service learning projects. As instructors of preservice teachers it is our commitment to prepare these students to their maximum potential. Identifying best practices for teacher preparation is an overarching goal of this study. A pre/post survey examined students’ self-perceptions for each service opportunity in regards to their perceived teaching self-efficacy. Results indicate that students’ self-efficacy improved when service learning was connected or imbedded in the context of learning and connected to a specific course. These findings indicate course connected service learning has a greater impact on preservice teachers’ perceptions of their ability to be effective future classroom teachers. Therefore course connected service learning can be viewed as a best practice in preservice teaching instruction.

Carianne Bernadowski

2013-07-01

349

Gender Differences in Academic Self-Efficacy: A Meta-Analysis  

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A meta-analysis of 187 studies containing 247 independent studies (N = 68,429) on gender differences in academic self-efficacy identified an overall effect size of 0.08, with a small difference favoring males. Moderator analysis demonstrated that content domain was a significant moderator in explaining effect size variation. Females displayed…

Huang, Chiungjung

2013-01-01

350

The Five-Factor Model And Career Self-Efficacy: General and Domain-Specific Relationships  

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The present study investigates the hypothesis that the big five personality factors could exert two kinds of effects on career self-efficacy: (a) generalized or nonspecific effects and (b) domain-specific, content-correspondence effects. The hypothesis is examined using relationships of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory to 24 distinct domains of…

Hartman, Robert O.; Betz, Nancy E.

2007-01-01

351

Development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale  

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The authors present the development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (ELICSES). The purpose of this article is threefold: (a) present a rationale for the ELICSES, (b) review statistical analysis procedures used to develop the ELICSES, and (c) offer implications for future research and counselor education.

Mullen, Patrick R.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Conley, Abigail H.

2014-01-01

352

Behavioral Treatment for Marijuana Dependence: Randomized Trial of Contingency Management and Self-Efficacy Enhancement  

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Objective The purpose of the present study was to develop a treatment for marijuana dependence specifically designed to enhance self-efficacy. Method The participants were 215 marijuana-dependent men and women randomized to one of three 9-week outpatient treatments: a condition intended to enhance self-efficacy through successful completion of treatment-related tasks (Mot ivational Enhancement plus Cognitive-Behavioral treatment plus Contingency Management reinforcing completion of treatment homework; MET+CBT+CMHomework); a condition that controlled for all elements except for reinforcement of homework (MET+CBT + Contingency Management reinforcing drug abstinence ; MET+CBT+CMAbstinence); or a Case Management control condition (CaseM). Participants in the two MET+CBT conditions were also asked to complete interactive voice recordings three times per week during treatment to confirm homework completion. Results All patients showed modest improvements over time through 14 months, with few between-treatment effects on outcomes. Latent Class Growth Models, however, indicated that a subsample of patients did extremely well over time. This subsample was more likely to have been treated in the CMAbstinence condition. In turn, this treatment effects appears to have been accounted for by days of continuous abstinence accrued during treatment, and by pre-post increases in self-efficacy. Conclusions The most effective treatments may be those that elicit abstinence while increasing self-efficacy.

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Petry, Nancy M.

2012-01-01

353

Physical Activity Patterns and Self-Efficacy of Selected College Students  

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Much attention has been given to the fact that Americans are becoming less active. This study was designed to examine the levels of exercise-specific self-efficacy and physical activity rates in a selected group of college students. Students were recruited as they entered a fitness facility. Participation consisted of completing a survey that…

Hutchins, Matt; Drolet, Judy C.; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2010-01-01

354

Postpartum Exercise among Nigerian Women: Issues Relating to Exercise Performance and Self-Efficacy  

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Physical exercise during postpartum period is beneficial to mothers, and the health gains are abundantly reported. This study characterises the postpartum exercise profile of a group of Nigerian women and reports how their exercise self-efficacies are influenced by sociodemographic characteristics.

Adeniyi, A. F.; Ogwumike, O. O.; Bamikefa, T. R.

2013-01-01

355

Southern Chinese Collegiate Stage of Exercise Behavior Changes and Exercise Self-Efficacy  

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This study aimed to examine southern Chinese college student (N = 1983) stage of exercise behavior changes (SEBC) and their exercise self-efficacy (ESE). The SEBC and ESE scales were used to collect data. ANOVA was performed to investigate the differences in ESE by SEBC. Post Hoc Tukey tests were employed to determine which variables contributed…

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Huang, Yong; Deng, Minying; Chen, Li; Dwan, Chuanwei; Bridges, Dwan

2009-01-01

356

Exercise Self-Efficacy and Perceived Wellness among College Students in a Basic Studies Course  

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University basic studies courses provide a valuable opportunity for facilitating the knowledge, skills, and beliefs that develop healthy behaviors to last a lifetime. Belief in one's ability to participate in physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, is a psychological construct that has had a documented impact on physical activity. Although…

Sidman, Cara L.; D'Abundo, Michelle Lee; Hritz, Nancy

2009-01-01

357

Long term follow-up on health care professionals’ self-efficacy after communication skills training  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Good communication is commonly recognised to be a precondition for optimal health care and treatment.  Nevertheless, serious communication problems are still experienced by patients as well as by health care professionals and therefore an orthopaedic surgery department initiated a three-day communication skills training course for all staff members expecting an increase in patient-centeredness in communication and more respectful inter-collegial communi- cation. The aim of this study is to report the long term effect of communication skills training course on health care professionals’ self-efficacy in communication with patients and colleagues. Method: An intervention study assessing health care professionals’ self-efficacy before and eighteen months after having participated in the course using pre-course data as baseline for paired t-tests of means. Data were collected by means of questionnaires. Results: Responses to the 18-months post-course questionnaire were received from 121 participants (93% showing sustained significant increases in self-efficacy across professions for all questions regarding communication with both patients and colleagues. Discussion: This long term assessment shows that communication skills training can produce significant and sustainable increases in the self-efficacy of health care professionals in communication with both patients and colleagues.

Birgitte Nørgaard

2013-03-01

358

Social-Identity and Self-Efficacy Concern for Disability Labels  

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Introduction: Educational policy in the UK has moved towards inclusion (Lindsay, 2003), resulting in debate over the use of disability labels (Lauchlan & Boyle, 2007). Labelling influences social-identity (Olney & Brockelman, 2003), this paper suggests social-identity influences self-efficacy and, therefore, academic performance (Zimmerman, 1996,…

Jodrell, David

2010-01-01

359

The Moderating Role of Self-Efficacy in the Organizational Culture-Training Transfer Relationship  

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This paper aims to examine the combined effects of self-efficacy and organizational culture on employees' transfer of knowledge/skills acquired through training. The questionnaires were distributed to 252 newly hired employees working in a service organization in Greece. Each of the independent variables examined added incrementally to the…

Simosi, Maria

2012-01-01

360

Constructivism and Career Decision Self-Efficacy for Asian Americans and African Americans  

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Career development that adequately addresses the needs of multicultural students is important. The authors explored whether a constructivist career course might be a viable mechanism for improving career decision self-efficacy for 81 Asian American and African American college students. Results indicated significant increases in all 5 elements of…

Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Ganuza, Zoila M.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Boosting scholastic test scores by willpower : the role of implementation intentions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As both high self-efficacy beliefs (Bandura, 1997) and forming implementation intentions (Gollwitzer & Sheeran, 2006) are known to improve goal attainment, it is suggested that implementation intentions geared at strengthening self-efficacy should be a very helpful self-regulation strategy to achieve high scholastic test scores. In Study 1, female participants had to perform a math test either with the goal intention of solving as many problems as possible or with an additional selfefficacy s...

Bayer, Ute C.; Gollwitzer, Peter M.

2007-01-01

362

Pre-service science teachers' teaching self-efficacy in relation to personality traits and academic self-regulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship among pre-service science teachers' personality traits, academic self-regulation and teaching self-efficacy by proposing and testing a conceptual model. For the specified purpose, 1794 pre-service science teachers participated in the study. The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale, the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were administered to assess pre-service science teachers' teaching self-efficacy, personality, and academic self-regulation respectively. Results showed that agreeableness, neuroticism, performance approach goals, and use of metacognitive strategies are positively linked to different dimensions of teaching self-efficacy, namely self-efficacy for student engagement, instructional strategies, and classroom management. In general, while agreeableness and neuroticism were found to be positively associated with different facets of self-regulation and teaching self-efficacy, openness was found to be negatively linked to these adaptive outcomes. PMID:23866205

Senler, Burcu; Sungur-Vural, Semra

2013-01-01

363

INVESTIGATING THE SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS OF SCIENCE AND ELEMENTARY TEACHERS WITH RESPECT TO SOME VARIABLES  

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Full Text Available This study was carried out to identify how the level of the primary school science and elementary teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs changed in terms of some variables such as branch, gender, seniority, weekly lesson hours, in-service training, satisfaction with her/his job, socio-economic level of the school, and satisfaction with the working environment. In this study, which is bases on the correlative investigation model, the Scale of Self-efficacy Belief in Science Teaching developed by Riggs and Enochs (1990 and studied in terms of validity and reliability by Haz?r-B?kmaz (2004, and a 12-question Personal Information Form were applied to the science and elementary teachers working in the primary schools in Ayd?n. The study was carried out with science teachers (N=58 and elementary teachers (N=74, in total 132 participants. 54.5% of the participants were female and 45.5% of the participants were male. The data gathered in this study were evaluated with SPSS 11.5, percent and frequency values were calculated and ANOVA, ‘t’ and ‘Scheffe’ tests were applied. According to the findings of this study, teachers’ perception of self-efficacy does not differentiate in respect to gender, seniority, number of the lessons they give, having in-service training and being satisfied with the working conditions; it differentiates in respect to the branches and the job satisfaction. Additionally, between the number of the courses they give, science self-efficacy belief (r= -.178 and science teaching outcome expectancy negative and low level relations were found. Thus, it can be said that the more the number of the lessons they give increases, the more science self-efficacy beliefs decrease.

Asuman Seda SARACALO?LU

2009-01-01

364

Stigma Mediates the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy, Medication Adherence, and Quality of Life Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in China  

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Although the relationship between self-efficacy and health-related behaviors is well known, limited data are available describing the association between self-efficacy and HIV stigma. Specifically, it is not known if the relationship between self-efficacy and health outcomes is mediated by HIV stigma. This study aimed to test these relationships. Data were collected from 202 HIV/AIDS patients in China using questionnaires measuring self-efficacy for disease management, self-reported 7 day med...

2011-01-01

365

The contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work  

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Full Text Available Orientation: Taking charge as an extra role in the workplace is necessary for the survival of modern firms. Therefore, understanding the personal and organisational factors when one takes charge is critical for organisations.

Research purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work.

Motivation for the study: Although many previous studies have examined the antecedents of taking charge in North American business environments, we know little about taking charge in the developing economies of Africa. Research about taking charge will provide valuable information for managers of businesses in developing countries in Africa.

Research design, approach and method: This study used a cross-sectional survey design to examine the contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support to taking charge at work amongst 201 bank workers in Nsukka, Southeast Nigeria.

Main findings: Regression analysis results showed that self-efficacy had a significant relationship with taking charge at work. The results also showed a statistically significant relationship between perceived organisational support and taking charge at work.

Practical/managerial implications: The implications of the results are that interventions that focus on improving self-efficacy will contribute to the behaviours of employees who take charge. In addition, organisations that develop strategies to make employees perceive the organisation as supportive will also have members that engage in more supervisory behaviours.

Contribution/value-add: This study was one of the first attempts to investigate taking charge at work in a developing economy of Africa. The results of the study, that self-efficacy and perceived organisational support have relationships with taking charge at work, will contribute to a better understanding of the concept and to building robust theories.

How to cite this article:
Onyishi, I.E., & Ogbodo, E. (2012. The contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 38(1, Art. #979, 11 pages. http:// dx.doi.org./10.4102/sajip.v38i1.979

Elizabeth Ogbodo

2012-01-01

366

Supporting Self-efficacy and Learner Autonomy in Relation to Academic Success in EFL Classrooms (A Case Study  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted for revealing the missing point of the discussions related to foreign language teaching and learning in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and learner autonomy, self-efficacy and academic success, learner autonomy and academic success, and these two concepts and academic success. Also, it was aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy on academic success, the effect of learner autonomy on academic success and the effect of self-efficacy and learner autonomy on academic success. The study was applied to 250 preparatory level students at Gaziantep, Zirve, ?nönü, Selçuk and Karatay Universities in 2010-2011 academic year. The data were collected through Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ and Autonomous Learner Questionnaire (ALQ and analyzed by SPSS 19.0. The analysis of the data revealed that there was a positive relationship between self-efficacy and learner autonomy (r= .667 p>.01, self-efficacy and academic success (r=.597 p>.01, and learner autonomy and academic success (r=.506 p>.01.

Fatma Seyma Ciftci

2011-10-01

367

Primary Pre-Serv?ce Teachers’ Computer Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Att?tudes Toward Educat?onal Technologies  

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Full Text Available This study aims to investigate primary pre-service teachers’ computer self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards educational technologies. The study was performed on 217 primary pre-service teachers in the Faculty of Education in Rize University. Data were collected through the applications of Computer Self-Efficacy Scale (A?kar and Umay, 2001 and Technology Attitude Scale (Yavuz, 2005. Pre-service teachers’ computer self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards educational technologies were compared based on the variables such as class level, gender, computer ownership, and computer experiences. Moreover, pre-service teachers’ computer self-efficacy beliefs were predicted from their attitudes toward educational technologies. The study results revealed that male pre-service teachers have higher computer self-efficacy beliefs than their female counter parts and pre-service teachers owning personal computer have higher computer self-efficacy beliefs than those do not have personal computer. The study results also indicated that the pre-service teachers’ computer self-efficacy beliefs can be predicted from their attitudes towards educational technologies.

H. Yusuf ACUNER

2011-06-01

368

The effect of training in communication skills on medical doctors' and nurses' self-efficacy. A randomized controlled trial.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of communication skills training on doctors' and nurses' self-efficacy, to explore how training courses influence the initial experience of self-efficacy and to identify determinants of health professionals' self-efficacy. METHODS: The study was conducted as a randomized trial. Clinicians in the intervention group received a 5 day communication course and the control group received no intervention. The impact of the intervention was evaluated by means of questionnaires measuring the effect of communication courses on changes in doctors' and nurses' self-efficacy. RESULTS: Clinicians who participated in the communication course improved their self-efficacy for specific communication tasks with up to 37%. The improvements remained constant for the following 6 months. The training course did not influence the initial experience of self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: Communication skills training can improve clinicians' evaluation of his or her ability to perform a specific communication task - measured as self-efficacy. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Communication courses can be used to improve doctors' and nurses' ability to perform some of the essential communicative demands they are facing in daily praxis. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jun

Ammentorp, Jette; Sabroe, Svend

2007-01-01

369

Alcohol use, externalizing problems, and depressive symptoms among American Indian youth: The role of self-efficacy.  

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Abstract Background: There is a need to understand resiliency factors which can be used to inform and design interventions to prevent externalizing problems, substance use, and depressive symptoms among American Indian (AI) youth. Objectives: The present study examined the role of self-efficacy in externalizing problems, alcohol use, and depressive symptoms among AI youth from the North American plains. Methods: Participants for this study included 146 (53 boys and 93 girls) adolescents, with an age range of 13-18 (M?=?14.5) years of age. Results: High self-efficacy for resisting negative peer influences predicted both lower rates of alcohol use and fewer externalizing behaviors. Furthermore, higher levels of both academic and social self-efficacy predicted fewer depressive symptoms. The hypothesis that academic self-efficacy would predict depressive symptoms was not supported. Conclusion: As expected, the best-fitting path model showed self-efficacy for resisting negative peer influences predicting both alcohol use and externalizing problems, and social self-efficacy (as well as being female) predicting depressive symptoms among AI youth. Therefore, this study supports the importance of self-efficacy beliefs for alcohol use and externalizing problems, as well as depressive symptoms, among AI youth. PMID:24949669

Mileviciute, Inga; Scott, Walter D; Mousseau, Alicia C

2014-07-01

370

Relations of self-regulation and self-efficacy for exercise and eating and BMI change: A field investigation  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objectives This study aimed to assess relations of self-regulatory skill use with self-efficacy for exercise and appropriate eating, and the resulting change in weight associated with participation in a nutrition and exercise treatment supported by cognitive-behavioral methods. Methods Adults with severe obesity (N = 95; mean BMI = 40.5 ± 3.9 kg/m2 participated in a 6-month exercise and nutrition treatment emphasizing self-regulatory skills. Changes in self-regulatory skills usage, self-efficacy, overall mood, and BMI were measured. Relations of changes in self-regulatory skill use and self-efficacy, for both physical activity and appropriate eating, were assessed, as was the possibility of mood change being a mediator of these relationships. Indirect effects of the variables associated with the present treatment on BMI change were then estimated. Results For both exercise and appropriate eating, changes in self-regulation were associated with self-efficacy change. Mood change partially mediated the relationship between changes in self-regulation for appropriate eating and self-efficacy for appropriate eating. Self-efficacy changes for physical activity and controlled eating, together, explained a significant portion of the variance in BMI change (R2 = 0.26, p Conclusion Findings suggest that training in self-regulation for exercise and eating may benefit self-efficacy and weight-loss outcomes. Thus, these variables should be considered in both the theory and behavioral treatment of obesity.

Annesi James J

2010-09-01

371

From Ethnocentrism to Transculturalism: A Film Studies Pedagogical Journey  

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Full Text Available  This study reviews the exploratory implementation of an ‘internationalising the curriculum’ policy in relation to a cultural studies unit within a Creative Industries Faculty at an Australian university. Charting certain pedagogical practices in the delivery of transnational film studies, this case study involves a critical, contextual examination of student feedback as well as current theories about transcultural curricula in general and film studies curricula in particular. The study shows that tertiary students can be provided with an extraordinarily rich range of differing, sometimes conflicting, but always engaging transcultural insights and understandings.  It is further argued that transnational competencies may be developed and enabled through the innovative realisation of a type of ‘border crossing’ pedagogical model, largely by foregrounding transcultural ‘affective’ issues around social justice.

Helen Yeates

2011-09-01

372

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

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We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999) were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final s...

Ernest Afari; Graeme Ward; Myint Swe Khine

2012-01-01

373

The effects of problem-based learning on the self-efficacy and attitudes of beginning biology majors  

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The problem of low persistence of science majors has resulted in calls for changes in undergraduate instruction toward environments that foster positive self-efficacy among beginning science majors. Low science self-efficacy and poor attitudes toward science may contribute to high attrition rates of science majors. Classroom environments that foster positive self-efficacy development include pedagogies that promote authentic learning contexts and involve collaborative learning teams. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional model that attempts to create both conditions and may provide every source of information needed for the development of self-efficacy (i.e., mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states) as postulated by Albert Bandura. The degree to which these sources of self-efficacy are delivered to individuals within a PBL group may depend on how the group members interact and how students perceive the PBL process itself. This study examined the development of biology self-efficacy and attitudes among biology majors in a PBL setting and in a traditional lecture-based setting. Specifically, this project investigated changes in students' biology self-efficacy beliefs, mediating aspects of PBL in self-efficacy development, the relationship between PBL processes and group collective efficacy, the predictive nature of entering self-efficacy levels on attitudes toward PBL and mid-term grades, and changes in student attitudes toward biology. The study design was quasi-experimental and included quantitative pre- and post-surveys, qualitative interviews, and classroom observations. Findings revealed that students enrolled in a PBL class exhibited greater gains in biology self-efficacy and were likely to report more favorable attitudes toward biology compared to students enrolled in a traditional class. The aspects of PBL that most accounted for these findings were students' ownership of the learning process, their deep understanding of the material, and their perceptions of the utility of PBL for their futures. Other aspects of PBL that may have contributed to the self-efficacy and attitudes of PBL students were the interactions of students in their PBL groups. Furthermore, students had favorable attitudes toward PBL regardless of their pre-treatment self-efficacy and achievement levels. Thus PBL may be useful for both high-achieving and low achieving students.

Rajab, Adel Mohammad

374

Selected respondent characteristics and training program characteristics as determinants of trainees’ perceptions of self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to examine the effect of selected respondent characteristics and training program characteristics on trainees’ perceptions of self-efficacy using a sample of 74 usable questionnaires gathered from employees in an electrical company in Sarawak, Malaysia. The outcomes of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA showed that none of the demographic characteristics of the respondents had a significant impact on their perceived levels of selfefficacy. Conversely, the results of multiple regression analysis confirmed that trainees’ self regulations did act as an important determinant of trainees’ perceptions of self-efficacy. As such,the authors recommend that a positive self-talk session daily before starting work should be implemented to boost employees’ self regulation in the organizational sample.

Angelina Chan Wan Sian

2011-12-01

375

COMPUTER SELF EFFICACY (CSE MAHASISWA AKUNTANSI DALAM PENGGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI: TINJAUAN PERSPEKTIF GENDER  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the study is first, to investigated about propensity of computer self efficacy mahasiswa akuntansi in using information technology and to investigated differences about computer self efficacy between man and woman. The 149 students are enrolled in management information system are drawn by personally queistionaire. This research result that man's CSE higher than woman's CSE. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki kecenderungan keahlian penggunaan komputer para mahasiswa akuntansi dalam penggunaan teknologi informasi dan menyelidiki perbedaan keahlian penggunaan komputer diantara mahasiswa laki-laki dan perempuan. Sebanyak 149 mahasiswa yang mengambil matakuliah sistem informasi manajemen dijadikan sebagai subyek penelitian dengan metoda pengumpulan data menggunakan kueisoner. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa CSE mahasiswa liki-laki lebih baik dibanding mahasiswa perempuan. Kata kunci: keahlian penggunaan komputer, mahasiswa akuntansi, teknologi informasi.

Rustiana Rustiana

2004-01-01

376

Confirmation of Expectations and Satisfaction with the Internet Shopping: The Role of Internet Self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available Customers’ intentions of reusing e-commerce websites for shopping has a major consequence for the website’s profitability; therefore, understanding the factors that influence a Web customer’s repurchase intentions is of great importance to e-commerce. This research represented a careful and systemic effort to incorporate factors from various distinct theories (ECT, SCT, abd TAM, examined the hypotheses within the context of Internet shopping repurchase intentions. Empirical data for hypotheses testing were collected from Taiwan, yielding 342 valid samples. The results suggest that consumer’s repurchase intention is determined by satisfaction and perceived usefulness. Users’ satisfaction is influenced by confirmation and perceived usefulness. Perceived usefulness, in turn, is influenced by confirmation, while confirmation is affected by Internet self-efficacy. Internet self-efficacy has been shown to have not a significant impact on perceived usefulness and confirmation.

Yue-Yang Chen

2010-07-01

377

The Effect of Tenebrio obscurus on Elementary Preservice Teachers' Content Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the extent to which an activity used in an elementary science methods course affected the preservice teachers’ content knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy. The participants were 172 students enrolled in five sections of elementary science methods. Students participated in a 9-week investigation on life cycles using mealworms ( Tenebrio obscurus). Multiple data sources indicate that most of the students had limited prior content knowledge about mealworms, expressed neutral attitudes toward mealworms upon first exposure to them, and were uncomfortable with the idea of having to teach with and about them. At the end of 9 weeks, content knowledge on mealworms had greatly improved. The preservice teachers’ attitudes about mealworms and their self-efficacy about using mealworms with children had also improved.

Weinburgh, Molly

2007-12-01

378

Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: the role of perceived self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present article integrates findings from diverse studies on the generalized role of perceived coping self-efficacy in recovery from different types of traumatic experiences. They include natural disasters, technological catastrophes, terrorist attacks, military combat, and sexual and criminal assaults. The various studies apply multiple controls for diverse sets of potential contributors to posttraumatic recovery. In these different multivariate analyses, perceived coping self-efficacy emerges as a focal mediator of posttraumatic recovery. Verification of its independent contribution to posttraumatic recovery across a wide range of traumas lends support to the centrality of the enabling and protective function of belief in one's capability to exercise some measure of control over traumatic adversity. PMID:15350854

Benight, Charles C; Bandura, Albert

2004-10-01

379

The Effect of Negotiated Syllabus on EFL Learners’ Writing Ability and Self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available Language curriculum and syllabus play crucial roles in finding some ways to develop and facilitate the process of learning English. Learner involvement based on variety of mechanisms has recently received momentum in ESL/EFL education in line with this, this study attempted to unravel the effects of negotiation syllabus on both skill acquisition and affection change: writing ability and writing self-efficacy based on data gathered following the treatment to 62 Iranian EFL adult learners. Exercising conventional writing instruction to a control group and negotiation syllabus- based one to an experimental group, the study unraveled that skill acquisition (i.e., writing ability was more significantly affected in light of the treatment than the self-efficacy trait. The general language proficiency was not also much affected following the experiment. Impressionistic analyses proved that the negotiated syllabus leads to more learner autonomy though.

Gholam-Reza Abbasian

2013-08-01

380

AUTOEFICACIA Y CONDUCTAS DE SALUD / SELF-EFFICACY AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se revisa el constructo de autoeficacia, se exponen algunos elementos centrales del concepto que presentan algunos hallazgos de importancia en relación con conductas generales de salud y con las conductas específicas del ejercicio, el estrés y control del dolor. Las distintas invest [...] igaciones avalan la relevancia de la auto-eficacia en las conductas presentadas. Finalmente se explícita su aporte para la disciplina de enfermería Abstract in english Self-efficacy constructo is reviewed in this article and some main aspects of the concept are exposed, presenting some findings of importance in relation to general health behaviour and specific behaviour such as exercise, stress and control of pain. Different investigations support the relevance of [...] self-efficacy upon behaviours mentioned. Finally its contribution for nursing discipline is explained

CECILIA, OLIVARI MEDINA; EUGENIA, URRA MEDINA.

 
 
 
 
381

Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on psychological distress, well-being, and maternal self-efficacy in breast-feeding mothers: results of a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several pilot studies have provided evidence that mindfulness-based intervention is beneficial during pregnancy, yet its effects in mothers during the early parenting period are unknown. The purpose of the present pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention in breast-feeding mothers. We developed and tested an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention aimed at improving maternal self-efficacy, mindfulness, self-compassion, satisfaction with life, and subjective happiness, and at reducing psychological distress. A randomized controlled, between-groups design was used with treatment and control groups (n = 26) and pretest and posttest measures. ANCOVA results indicated that, compared to the control group, mothers in the treatment group scored significantly higher on maternal self-efficacy, some dimensions of mindfulness (observing, acting with awareness, non-judging, and non-reactivity), and self-compassion (self-kindness, mindfulness, over-identification, and total self-compassion). In addition, mothers who received the treatment exhibited significantly less anxiety, stress, and psychological distress. The results supported previous research findings about the benefits of mindfulness-based intervention in women from the perinatal and postpartum periods through the early parenting period. Additional research is needed to validate our findings in non-breast-feeding mothers and to examine the intervention's indirect benefits in terms of family relationships and child development. PMID:23512648

Perez-Blasco, Josefa; Viguer, Paz; Rodrigo, Maria F

2013-06-01

382

The effectiveness of stress inoculation training, systematic desensitization, and a combined approach on test anxiety, academic performance and self-efficacy of male university students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main focus of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of three methods, i.e. stress inoculation training, systematic desensitization, and a combined approach of these two methods on test anxiety, academic performance and self-efficacy of male university students with test anxiety. The population was all male students of Dehdasht Azad University studying in 1389 who got high scores in the pre-test and had test anxiety. The sample size was 341 students who were randomly selected. 80 who had test anxiety according to the test anxiety inventory of Spielberger were assigned to three experimental groups and one control group. The data for this study were collected via test anxiety inventory of Spielberger (1980, self-efficiency inventory (Sherer et al, 1982 and students' grade point average which was considered as their academic performance. The results of multivariable analysis of variance showed that all three training methods were efficient in reducing students' test anxiety (F=6.269, P<0.0001, increasing their academic performance (F=6.374, P<0.001, and their self-efficacy (F=3.536, P<0.019. Moreover, the results showed that systematic desensitization therapy and training stress inoculation were less efficient than the combined approach.

A. Maredpour

2012-01-01

383

From Collective Memory to Transcultural Remembrance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the last thirty or so years, historians and social scientists have undertaken a wide ranging exploration of the processes involved in forgetting and remembering, with a particular focus on the level of the nation-state. Their interest corresponds to the period that Pierre Nora, the French historian responsible for the ground-breaking Les Lieux de memoire in the 1980s, terms the ‘era of commemoration,’ drawing attention to what he describes as the ‘tidal wave of memorial concerns that has broken over the world.’ Across the world, nation-states have paid renewed attention to the ceremonial and observance of national days, and have undertaken campaigns of education, information, even legislation, to enshrine the parameters of national remembering and therefore identity, while organisations and institutions of civil society and special interest groups have sought to draw the attention of their fellow citizens to their particular experiences, and perhaps gain national recognition for what they believe to have been long overlooked or forgotten. This article traces the over-lapping evolution of the practices of commemoration, the politics of memory and the academic field of ‘Memory Studies.’ It seeks in particular to identify the theoretical and methodological advances that have moved the focus of the study of memory from the static and homogenising category of ‘collective memory’ to practices of remembering, and from national to transcultural perspectives.

Matthew Graves

2010-05-01

384

Transcultural Nursing: Basic Concepts and Case Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Created by the nonprofit organization Transcultural Nursing, this very useful website covers both basic concepts related to diversity as well as providing an array of case studies designed to help students, nurses and anyone practicing in the health professions better understand cultural diversity. The case studies are nicely designed, divided by general cultural community (Hispanic, Middle Eastern, Deaf, Asian, Afro American and Migrant Worker) with basic information about religion(s) or other demographic information that might relate to that particular group. Following the general information are three or four case studies illustrating specific instances where cultural differences came into play in a nursing or medical situation. The site also has an introductory area, which outlines some basic concepts including defining terms such as, cultural values and ethnocentrism. A page dedicated to the topic of third world nursing offers insight into this type of hands on experience in nursing in diverse communities, and a list of references and related links round out this very useful site.

Fernandez, Kathy; Fernandez, Victor

2006-11-03

385

A single group follow-up study of non-surgical patients seen by physiotherapists working in expanded roles in orthopaedic departments: recall of recommendations, change in exercise and self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Specially trained physiotherapists (advanced practice physiotherapists (APP are working in orthopaedic clinics to improve access to orthopaedic services and support chronic disease management. Little attention has been paid to the impact APPs may have on non-surgical patients. In non-surgical patients with hip or knee arthritis consulting an APP in an orthopaedic clinic, the objectives were to: 1 describe patients’ recall of APP recommendations, use of self-management strategies, and barriers to management six weeks following consultation; and, 2 compare exercise behaviour and self-efficacy at baseline and six weeks. Findings This was a single group pre-and post-intervention study of patients who saw an APP when consulting the orthopaedic departments of two hospitals. At baseline and six weeks participants completed the adapted Stanford Exercise Behaviour Scale (response options: none, ?3 hours/week, and the Chronic Disease Self-efficacy Scale (range 1–10; higher scores indicate higher self-efficacy. At follow-up participants completed questions on recall of APP recommendations, use of self-management strategies and barriers to management. Seventy three non-surgical patients with hip or knee arthritis participated, a response rate of 89% at follow-up. Seventy one percent of patients reported that the APP recommended exercise, of whom 83% reported exercising to manage their arthritis since the visit. Almost 50% reported an increase in time spent stretching; over 40% reported an increase in time spent walking or doing strengthening exercises at follow-up. Common barriers to arthritis management were time, cost and other health problems. Mean chronic disease self-efficacy scores significantly improved from 6.3 to 7.2 (p? Conclusions This pilot study of an APP intervention for non-surgical patients referred for orthopaedic consultation showed promising results, particularly for enhancing use of conservative management strategies such as exercise.

MacKay Crystal

2012-12-01

386

Adaptação transcultural preliminar do Children's Eating Attitude Test (Cheat) para o idioma português / The preliminary transcultural adaptation of the Children's Eating Attitude Test (Cheat) for portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar o instrumento "Children's Eating Attitude Test" (Cheat) para o idioma português, avaliar a equivalência semântica e a compreensão verbal. MÉTODOS: envolveu quatro etapas: (1) tradução, (2) retradução, (3) revisão técnica e avaliação semântica, (4) pré-teste - avaliação [...] da compreensão verbal por especialistas em transtorno alimentar. RESULTADOS: as 26 questões foram traduzidas e adaptadas para o idioma português. A versão final constou dos mesmos 26 itens apresentando-se de forma clara e de fácil compreensão (valores médios superior a 4,5 - máximo 5,0). CONCLUSÕES: o instrumento encontra-se traduzido e adaptado para o idioma português demonstrando bons resultados no processo de adaptação transcultural. São necessárias análises de validade externa, equivalência de mensuração e reprodutibilidade. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to translate and adapt the "Children's Eating Attitude Test" (Cheat) to Portuguese and evaluate the semantic equivalence and verbal comprehension. METHODS: the process involved four stages: (1) translation, (2) back-translation, (3) technical review and semantic evaluation, (4) pre-test [...] - evaluation of verbal comprehension by specialists in eating disorders. RESULTS: the 26 questions were translated and adapted for Portuguese. The final version contained the same 26 items presented in a clear and easy-tounderstand format (average score higher than 4.5 - maximum 5.0). CONCLUSIONS: the tool has been translated and adapted for Portuguese and the transcultural adaptation process was a success. There is still a need for analyses of external validity, measurement equivalence and reproducibility.

Mariana Loureiro, Barillari; Paula Costa, Teixeira; Norman, Hearst; Marcela Salim, Kotait; Táki Athanássios, Cordas; Maria Aparecida, Conti.

387

Ask, Understand, Remember: A Brief Measure of Patient Communication Self-Efficacy Within Clinical Encounters  

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Patients' ability to effectively communicate with their health care providers is an essential aspect of proper self-care, especially for those with chronic conditions. We wanted to develop and validate a brief reliable measure of patient communication self-efficacy within clinical encounters. Consecutively recruited patients (n = 330) with diagnosed hypertension from seven primary care clinics in Chicago, Illinois, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Shreveport, Louisiana completed an in-person inter...

Clayman, Marla L.; Pandit, Anjali U.; Bergeron, Ashley R.; Cameron, Kenzie A.; Ross, Emily; Wolf, Michael S.

2010-01-01

388

The relationship between employees’ self-monitoring and occupational self-efficacy and transformational leadership.  

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The topic of the present study is the relationship between transformational leadership as perceived by followers and follower characteristics such as self-monitoring and self-efficacy. Self-monitoring was hypothesized to be positively related to transformational leadership, as persons with high self-monitoring are a) sensitive to expressive behaviors of others and b) able to control their own expressive behavior. The correlations found here, however, are too small to confirm this assumption. ...

2001-01-01

389

The problem-based learning integrated with simulation to improve nursing students’ self-efficacy  

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Introduction: The purposes of this study were to describe the simulation integrated with problem-based learning (SIM-PBL) module to educate the nursing process for clients with hypertension and to evaluate its effectiveness on nursing students’ self-efficacy (SE). Methods: This study was a one group pre- and post-test design. Twenty five students received a 5-hour SIM-PBL program focused on nursing care of clients with hypertension. A newly develo...

Min Sohn; Youngmee Ahn; Mijin Lee; Heami Park; Narae Kang

2013-01-01

390

Coping Self-Efficacy Mediates the Effects of Negative Cognitions on Posttraumatic Distress  

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Although cognitive distortions have predicted posttraumatic distress after various types of traumatic events, the mechanisms through which cognitive distortions influence posttraumatic distress remain unclear. We hypothesized that coping self-efficacy, the belief in one’s own ability to manage posttraumatic recovery demands, would operate as a mediator between negative cognitions (about self, about the world, and self-blame beliefs) and posttraumatic distress. In the cross-sectional Study 1...

Cieslak, Roman; Benight, Charles C.; Lehman, Victoria Caden

2008-01-01

391

Self Efficacy and Distress in Women with AIDS: The SMART/EST Women's Project  

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Though African American and Hispanic women accounted for 14% of the female population in the US, they represented 66% of the total HIV/AIDS diagnoses among women in 2007. Among men living with HIV, increased coping self efficacy following a cognitive behavioral intervention has been related to decreased distress, anxiety, anger and confusion, but comparable studies had not been carried out with HIV+ women.

2010-01-01

392

Searching for the wellspring of leading *change: Leader self-efficacy in organizations  

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Many organizations are increasingly looking to managers to drive change and continuous improvement within their units. This research project develops and tests a leadership model that focuses on the source of a manager's motivation for stepping forward and attempting to lead change. The new construct of leadership self-efficacy (LSE) is defined and featured as the key variable in the model. Three dimensions of LSE are proposed: direction-setting, gaining followers' commitment, and overcoming ...

1999-01-01

393

Cultural adaptation of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale (CUSES) in Ghana  

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Abstract Background Accurate assessment of self-reports of sexual behaviours is vital to the evaluation of HIV prevention and family planning interventions. This investigation was to determine the cross-cultural suitability of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale (CUSES) originally developed for American adolescents and young adults by examining the structure and psychometric properties. Method A self-administered cross-sectional survey of a convenient sample of 5...

Asante Kwaku O; Doku Paul N

2010-01-01

394

Predictors of Condom Use Self-Efficacy in an Ethnically Diverse University Sample  

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A multitude of factors influence condom use self-efficacy, including age, gender, ethnicity, condom use attitudes and barriers, sexual experience, and partner characteristics. The current study integrated past research by evaluating these factors in a large, ethnically diverse university sample of women and men (N = 665). The role of gender on condom use and sexuality variables was assessed across ethnic groups. Hierarchical linear regressions were then calculated to explain levels of condom ...

Farmer, Melissa A.; Meston, Cindy M.

2006-01-01

395

Assessment of feedback factors affecting pharmacy student patient counseling self-efficacy  

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Student learning is a major outcome associated with every higher education institution. Many factors influence student learning, including student motivational beliefs, student self-efficacy, and the learning environment. Feedback is designed to provide students with the tools to restructure their understanding, develop their skills, and build upon their ideas and capabilities. Positive and constructive feedback can have varied effects on students’ selfefficacy and personal goal orientation...

2011-01-01

396

AUTOEFICACIA Y CONDUCTAS DE SALUD SELF-EFFICACY AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS  

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En este artículo se revisa el constructo de autoeficacia, se exponen algunos elementos centrales del concepto que presentan algunos hallazgos de importancia en relación con conductas generales de salud y con las conductas específicas del ejercicio, el estrés y control del dolor. Las distintas investigaciones avalan la relevancia de la auto-eficacia en las conductas presentadas. Finalmente se explícita su aporte para la disciplina de enfermeríaSelf-efficacy constructo is reviewed in ...

2007-01-01

397

Effekter av funktionell träning på balans, benstyrka och self-efficacy hos äldre  

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Physical activity can prevent and reduce age-related physiological and psychological changes. The effects of functional training on older people are poorly studied. A prevention programme in the county of Sörmland is underway, which aims to halve the number of hip fractures by 2012. The aim of this study was to examine whether the balance, leg strength and self-efficacy, a person's degree of self-confidence to perform a specific task successfully, of elderly persons was affected by performin...

2009-01-01

398

THE RELATION OF SELF-EFFICACY AND ERROR-RELATED SELF-REGULATION  

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Relations between a modifiable psychosocial factor, self-efficacy (SE), and behavioral and neural indices of self-regulation, including post-error behavior, the error-related negativity (ERN), and error positivity (Pe) were examined in young adults during a flanker task emphasizing either accuracy or speed. SE was predicted to be associated with larger ERN and Pe amplitudes, as well as greater post-error behavioral performance during task conditions emphasizing accuracy, but not speed. Result...

Themanson, Jason R.; Pontifex, Matthew B.; Hillman, Charles H.; Mcauley, Edward

2011-01-01

399

Anxiety, Self Efficacy Expectation and Social Support in Patients after Coronary Angioplasty and Coronary Bypass  

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"nBackground: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) and precutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI) are safe and effective in the treatment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine and compare anxi­ety, self efficacy expectation and perceived social support between CABG patients and PCI patients referral to receiving car­diac rehabilitation programs."nMethods: In this descriptive- analytical study 150 patients with CABG and PCI we...

Dehdari, T.; Heidarnia, A.; Ramezankhani, A.; Sadeghian, S.; Ghofranipour, F.

2008-01-01

400

Success Breeds Success, Especially When Self-efficacy is Related With a Causality Internal Attribution  

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Taking the Social Cognitive Theory by Albert Bandura as its starting point, this paper tests the hypothesis that academic self-efficacy influences future academic success through the differential impact of internal and external attribution of past success. Structural Equation Modelling performed with data from a longitudinal sample of 527 university students provides strong evidence supporting the research model. These findings show that past academic success has a positive influence on acade...

Salanova Soria, Marisa; Marti?nez Marti?nez, Isabel M.; Llorens Gumbau, Susana

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Relations between OCBs, organizational justice, work motivation and self-efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The importance of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) in organizations is well documented, and studies that originate from the interactionist perspective and combine personal and situational factors in predicting OCBs are needed. Toward this end, and based on a recent theoretical model, the current study attempted to predict OCB by organizational justice, work motivation, and self-efficacy. A research questionnaire measuring the three predictors was administered to 151 employees, and ...

2013-01-01

402

Effect of Self-efficacy on the Relationship between Corporal Punishment and School Dropout  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Corporal punishment results in aggressive behaviours in students. As a result, some students leave school. Researchers believe that the issue of school dropout can be reduced by adopting different motivational techniques. Self-efficacy is one technique that can be promoted to create a caring and supportive learning environment. The issue of dropout is alarming in many Pakistani schools especially at the primary level due to the prevalence of corporal punishment and other factors. This issue prevails mostly in government schools where teachers adopt stringent steps in the teaching process. This study was specifically designed to examine the role of self-efficacy as a moderator between corporal punishment and school dropout. Many studies have explored the relations of corporal punishment with school dropout. It remains to be seen what actually moderates these relations. This study contributes to this gap in the literature by examining self-efficacy as an influencing factor. The study used a validated questionnaire to survey 300 government primary school teachers’ attitude on this issue. Results of the study indicated that corporal punishment significantly correlated with school dropout rate. Secondly, self-efficacy significantly moderates the relations between corporal punishment and school dropout. On the basis of these findings, the study concludes that teachers may reduce the issue of school dropout by creating a supportive and caring teaching and learning environment in school. Finally, the study suggests that the school administration play a key role to overcome the issue of increasing rate of school dropout by adopting rules and procedures to convince and motivate teachers to avoid corporal punishment.

Iqbal Ahmad

2014-01-01

403

Vocational High School Students’ Sense of Self-Efficacy and Test Anxiety Regarding Biology Learning  

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Self-regulation perspective on motivation provides an important model to study on motivation in biologyeducation. Motivational part of the Pintrich’s model as one of the most studied models has self-efficacy andtest-anxiety factors as two dominant factors reflecting positive and negative sides of the model in terms ofnumber of relationship with other factors in the model. In the study, two hundred thirteen vocational highschool students were included and survey technique was used for examin...

2009-01-01

404

Examining the influence of instructional strategy on student learning and self-efficacy in science  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated whether the level of instructional guidance affected student learning and science self-efficacy when nine- and ten- year old children learn to design unconfounded experiments using control of variable strategies (CVS). Specifically, the goal of this study was to replicate and extend prior research that examines the impact of the level of guidance on ability to successfully design scientifically credible experiments that isolate the relationship between two variables (Klahr & Nigam, 2004). Sixty children, who were enrolled in a summer sports program, were randomly assigned in equal numbers to one of the three following conditions: (1) guided instruction, where children received instruction with examples and explanations; (2) direct instruction, where children received instruction through lecture with examples; and (3) discovery learning, where children received instruction through methods of self discovery. Before starting the experiment, participants completed a prior knowledge pretest and a science self-efficacy measure. After receiving a common introduction to scientists' use of experiments, children received their assigned instructional treatment and completed the outcomes. The outcomes included: (1) design of experiments; (2) a recall measure about designing unconfounded experiments using CVS; (3) an application measure about applying CVS to scientific experiments; (4) an evaluation measure using CVS to evaluate a scientific experiment; and, (5) science self-efficacy. Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVAs and repeated-measures ANOVA. Children who received guided instruction designed a greater percentage of experiments correctly and had greater changes in self-efficacy relative to direct instruction and discovery learning. Children receiving direct instruction and guided instruction performed better than children who learned through discovery on all other learning measures. Results were interpreted in terms of theoretical and educational implications.

Hushman, Carolyn

405

The Effect of Negotiated Syllabus on EFL Learners’ Writing Ability and Self-efficacy  

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Language curriculum and syllabus play crucial roles in finding some ways to develop and facilitate the process of learning English. Learner involvement based on variety of mechanisms has recently received momentum in ESL/EFL education in line with this, this study attempted to unravel the effects of negotiation syllabus on both skill acquisition and affection change: writing ability and writing self-efficacy based on data gathered following the treatment to 62 Iranian EFL adult learners. E...

Gholam-Reza Abbasian; Parvin Malardi

2013-01-01

406

Yes we can! Improving medical screening for intimate partner violence through self-efficacy  

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BACKGROUND: Because individual practitioner's commitment to routine screening for IPV is the greatest predictor that women will be screened and referred for services, it is vital that screeners are dedicated, knowledgeable, and confident in their ability to recognize and assist victims of violence. Self-efficacy has been consistently linked in the literature with successful outcomes. Objectives: Intimate partner violence (IPV) constitutes a major public health problem. In the absence of Feder...

2011-01-01

407

Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease  

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Abstract Background Fear of falling (FOF) is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and it is considered a vital aspect of comprehensive balance assessment in PD. FOF can be conceptualized differently. The Falls-Efficacy Scale (FES) assesses fall-related self-efficacy, whereas the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE) assesses activity avoidance due to the risk of falling. This study aimed at investigating the validity and reliability of FES and SAFFE i...

Nilsson Maria H; Drake Anna-Maria; Hagell Peter

2010-01-01

408

Empowerment, feminism, and self-efficacy: relationships to body image and disordered eating.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociocultural norms pertaining to an ideal of thinness for women likely play a role in the development and maintenance of disturbance in body image, and by extension, disordered eating. However, competing norms associated with feminism may buffer women from pressures associated with achieving the thin ideal. The present study explored the relationship between feminist ideology, empowerment, and self-efficacy relative to body image and eating behavior with a sample of U.S. undergraduate women (N=318) attending a southeastern U.S. mid-sized university. In planned hierarchical multiple regression analyses, endorsement of feminist ideology predicted perceptions of positive body image, but did not appear to predict disordered eating. Self-efficacy emerged as a robust predictor of positive body image and lower disordered eating even after controlling for perceptions of personal empowerment and feminism. Results, although limited by correlational data, suggest that self-efficacy may protect college-aged women from disordered eating and negative body image. PMID:24018338

Kinsaul, Jessica A E; Curtin, Lisa; Bazzini, Doris; Martz, Denise

2014-01-01

409

Faculty mentors' and students' perceptions of students' research self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mentoring in nursing is an important process for socializing nurse researchers, developing a body of professional knowledge, and influencing career choices of students. Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997) is concerned with one's perceived ability to perform tasks within a specific domain. The purpose of this study was to compare undergraduate and graduate student's perceptions of their abilities to pursue research (research self-efficacy) with their mentors' perceptions. A cross-sectional design was used to study mentors in any academic discipline who received external funding and worked with an undergraduate or graduate student on the research study. Recruitment and data collection were completed using the Internet and included 21 faculty mentors and student dyads. The Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory was used to measure research self-efficacy. Differences between the faculty mentor's perception of the student's confidence in research and students' perception were significant at p=<0.001. Misjudgment of efficacy appraisals can result in opportunities forsaken and careers not pursued. Assisting mentors to guide students' skill perfection may increase students' choice of research careers, promote the effectiveness of mentorship, aid in the development of a body of professional knowledge and benefit careers of both mentors and students. PMID:19682774

Lev, Elise L; Kolassa, John; Bakken, Lori L

2010-02-01

410

Locus of control, interest in schooling, self-efficacy and academic achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Academic achievement is interestingly an important issue; a fundamental premium upon which all teaching-learning activitiesare measured using some criteria of excellence e.g. good academic performance, poor academic performance and academicfailure. This study examined locus of control, interest in schooling and self-efficacy as predictors of academic achievement ofJunior Secondary School Students. The population of the study consisted of 500 students comprising 300 boys and 200 girls.These were selected from twenty-five secondary schools through stratified random techniques. An ex-post facto researchdesign was adopted. Three independents variables (Locus of Control, Interest in schooling and selfefficacy with thedependent variable (academic achievement were measured with relevant standardized instruments. Two research questionswere developed and answered. The results indicate that locus of control, interest in schooling and self efficacy jointly andrelatively contribute significantly to the prediction of academic achievement of the Junior Secondary School Students. Based onthese findings, the need to continuously stimulate the interest of the students and teaching them time management and forteachers to see all the three variables on the study as important and improve them simultaneously was emphasized.

Adedeji Tella

2009-12-01

411

Moderation of Fatigue and Stress in the Carry-over of Self-Regulation and Self-Efficacy for Exercise to Self-Regulation and Self-Efficacy for Managed Eating  

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Behavioral treatments for morbid obesity have not been effective, possibly because of a poor understanding of the relations of psychosocial factors and exercise and eating behaviors. Recent research suggests that exercise program-induced improvements in self-efficacy and self-regulatory skills use may carry-over to self-efficacy and self-regulation for controlled eating. However, for individuals with morbid obesity, fatigue and anxiety may moderate these relationships. The purpose of this res...

Annesi, James J.

2011-01-01

412

An investigation of pre-service teacher’s self-efficacy and self-image as a science teacher in Egypt  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the possible impact of a science teaching methods course on pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy and perceptions of self as science teachers. The study also investigated the probable relationship­ between these two variables, which both measure issues related to the expected behaviour teachers adopt when teaching science. Participants were enrolled in a 4-year educational programme at one of the Schools of Education in Egypt. Self-efficacy was measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument, Form B (STEBI-B developed by Riggs and Enochs (1990. The Draw-A-Science-Teacher Teaching Checklist (DASTT-C was used to measure perceptions of self as a science teacher (Thomas, & Pedersen, 1998; Thomas, Pedersen, & Finson 2001. These instruments measure the expected behaviour teachers adopt when teaching science in light of what they think they are capable of. Pre-test and post-test data generated by both instruments from 36 pre-service science teachers representing three groups (Primary, Chemistry and Physics, and Biology enrolled in a science teaching methods class were compared to determine the relationship between the two instruments. Significant gains on the Personal Science Teaching Efficacy (PSTE subscale and Science Teaching Outcome Expectancy (STOE subscale STOE were found for all three groups of pre-service teachers. Significant mean decreases in the modified total of the DASTT-C score were found for one group. Moderate correlations were found between scores from the two instruments, for those with ‘high’ PSTE and STOE scores. The specific design of the science teaching methods course may be responsible for these changes.

Heba EL-DEGHAIDY

2006-12-01

413

Influence of Trainee Gaming Experience and Computer Self-Efficacy on Learner Outcomes of Videogame-Based Learning Environments.  

Science.gov (United States)

Videogame-based environments are an increasingly popular choice to facilitate training. The purpose of the current research was to investigate the influence of two trainee characteristics, prior videogame experience and computer self-efficacy, on learner ...

K. A. Orvis K. L. Orvis J. Belanich L. N. Mullin

2005-01-01

414

The relationship between employees' occupational self-efficacy and perceived transformational leadership-replication and extension of recent results.  

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The relationship between transformational leadership and self-efficacy is not yet fully explained. Different hypotheses have been posed ranging from positive to negative relationships between the constructs. The aim of this study is to further clarify how transformational leadership and self-efficacy relate. In addition, this paper considers possible moderators of this relationship. Task demands and climate are tested as moderators of the relationship between transformational leadership and s...

2002-01-01

415

Benefits, barriers, self-efficacy and knowledge regarding healthy foods; perception of African Americans living in eastern North Carolina  

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African Americans in the United States suffer from many health disparities such as obesity, diabetes or hypertension. Lifestyle factors including diet and physical activity play an important role in prevention of these health conditions. The purpose of this research project was to assess beliefs, barriers and self-efficacy of eating a healthy diet and self efficacy of shopping for foods such as whole grains or foods designated as low fat or low sodium. Additionally, the objective was to asses...

Pawlak, Roman; Colby, Sarah

2009-01-01

416

Gender differences in the perceived self-efficacy of safer HIV practices among polydrug abusers in Taiwan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies have documented that the perceived self-efficacy of attempts to engage in safer behavior is critical for the prevention of blood-borne diseases, including hepatitis C and HIV. The aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the perceived self-efficacy of safer HIV-related behavior among heroin and amphetamine abusers. Of the eligible participants from Taiwan prisons, 1622 polydrug users voluntarily agreed to complete a questionnaire regarding HIV risks. Participants had to be polydrug abusers (amphetamines and heroin), 18 years or older, sexually experienced, and literate. The questionnaire addressed background information, drug abuse, sexual behavior, and perceived self-efficacy in drug- and sex-related HIV risk situations. Twenty-four percent of respondents were HIV positive. Compared to men, women started illicit drug use at a younger age and were less likely to share syringes. Women also tended to have their first sexual coitus at an older age and were less likely to use a condom in their last sexual encounter. Men were more likely to have multiple sexual partners in the past 6 months. Results from a multinomial logistic regression indicate that gender, age, their interaction, age of first sexual encounter, HIV knowledge, condom use at last sexual encounter, and multiple sexual partners were associated with perceived self-efficacy of condom use. Results also show that gender, HIV serostatus, HIV knowledge, condom use at last sexual encounter, and sharing needles at last injection were associated with perceived self-efficacy in not sharing needles. The findings provide evidence for gender differences among polydrug abusers in Taiwan regarding perceived self-efficacy in adopting HIV prevention practices. Findings also provide evidence that knowledge about HIV transmission is related to perceived self-efficacy in promoting safe behavior. To raise polydrug abusers' perceived self-efficacy, gender and HIV/AIDS education must be taken into consideration in counseling and/or public health education related to HIV prevention for drug abusers. PMID:21195395

Lee, Tony Szu-Hsien; Chen, Yu-Pei; Chang, Chun-Wei

2011-01-01

417

Sources of academic self-efficacy-beliefs : The role of the specificity level of autobiographical memories about academic performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The impact on academic self-efficacy beliefs of the specificity at which memories of past academic performance are processed was investigated. Relying on autobiographical memory (AM) theories, it was predicted that, for past academic failures, which represent a threat to self-efficacy beliefs, specific processing would help in maintaining high selfefficacy beliefs compared to general processing. For past academic successes, no difference was expected between the two levels of specificity. An ...

2009-01-01

418

On the Would-be Bonds between Emotional Intelligence and Self-efficacy: The Case of Iranian EFL University Professors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Though a plethora of varied probes, thus far, have been conducted into the effectiveness of emotional intelligence as well as the paramountcy of self-efficacy in educational settings, one area of research that seems to have remained partly intact or which has been given scant attention is the viable relationship between these two constructs, i.e. EQ and self-efficacy. In effect, the principal incentive underlying the researchers’ interest in the current study emanated from their credenc...

Parviz Alavinia; Shabnam Kurosh

2012-01-01

419

Relationship among Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy in Writing, Attitude towards Writing, Writing Apprehension and Writing Performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main trust of the present study was to investigate whether writing performance in students of English as a foreign language (EFL) was related to self-efficacy in writing, writing apprehension,  and attitude towards writing. Fifty IELTS students (30 females and 20 males) studying IELTS Writing participated in this study. In order to collect data, three instruments were used which were a writing apprehension test (WAT), a self-efficacy in writing scale (SWS), and a questionnaire on ...

2013-01-01

420

Relationships between transtheoretical model stages of change, decisional balance, self-efficacy, and physical activity level among nigerian market vendors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Purpose This study explored decisional balance, self-efficacy, and physical activity (PA) level in relation to stages of change (SoC) for PA among Nigerian vendors. The study explored associations among decisional balance, self-efficacy, and PA level, and examined differences, by stage, in decisional balance, self-efficacy, and PA level. Design . Cross-sectional survey. Setting . Outdoor markets located in Eke Amobi, Nkwo, and Okpuno Egbu in Nnewi, southeastern Nigeria. Subjects . Participants were 499 market vendors (98 males and 401 females). Measures . Self-efficacy, perceived barrier and benefit, PA level, and SoC for PA. Analysis . Spearman rank-order and partial correlations; analysis of variance by gender with Bonferroni post hoc adjustment. Results Self-efficacy (r = 0.69; p = 0.000), perceived benefit (r = .12; p = .007), and perceived barrier (r = -.11; p = .017) for PA were related to the SoC. Adjusting for age, gender, and marital status, only self-efficacy (r = .48; p = .000) remained correlated with the SoC. In males, significant differences in perceived barrier (p = .003) and benefit (p = .003) lay between stages of contemplation and preparation and between stages of precontemplation and contemplation for self-efficacy (p = .006). In females, there were significance differences in self-efficacy across stages of precontemplation and contemplation (p = .000) and preparation and action (p = .007). Conclusion When designing PA interventions, age, gender, and marital status should be considered in explaining the relationships between outcome constructs of transtheoretical model (TTM) and SoC in vendors. It is also important to note that the stages at which outcome constructs of TTM change during PA interventions vary in males and females. PMID:23971521

Maruf, Fatai Adesina; Ibikunle, Peter Olanrewaju; Raji, Najim Olanrewaju

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Self-Efficacy and Self-Regulated Learning Strategies for English Language Learners: Comparison between Chinese and German College Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Two hundred Chinese and 160 German college students completed two surveys about their self-efficacy beliefs and self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies learning English in China and Germany. All participants took an English language test to measure their English proficiency. Cronbach’s alpha was used to check the internal consistency of the surveys, and confirmatory factor analysis was employed for the construct validity. Factorial invariance of the self-efficacy survey was tested betwe...

Chuang Wang; Götz Schwab; Pete Fenn; Mei Chang

2013-01-01

422

Career Decision-making Difficulties, Dysfunctional Thinking and Generalized Self-Efficacy of University Students in Greece  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study aims to examine the relationship of career decision-making difficulties, dysfunctional career thoughts and generalized self-efficacy, as factors involved in the decision-making process for university students. The study also investigates the influence of demographics and individual variables, and examines the predictive power of the Career Decision-making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ) and the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) over the dimensions assessed by ...

Despina Sidiropoulou-Dimakakou; Kostas Mylonas; Katerina Argyropoulou; Sofia Tampouri

2012-01-01

423

Preliminary validation of a self-efficacy scale for child functioning despite chronic pain (child and parent versions)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite frequent targeting of health beliefs in pediatric chronic pain treatment interventions, there are currently no reliable and valid self-efficacy measures for children with chronic pain and their parents. The current study examined the psychometric properties of parent and child versions of a self-efficacy measure related to the child functioning normally when in pain. Pediatric pain patients, 9–18 years of age, and a caregiver completed questionnaires before an initial tertiary care ...

Bursch, Brenda; Tsao, Jennie C. I.; Meldrum, Marcia; Zeltzer, Lonnie K.

2006-01-01

424

The Survey of Relationship of Attachment Styles and Self-Efficacy to Conflict Resolution Styles of Sport Coaches  

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The main aim of this study is to evaluate relationship of attachment styles and self-efficacy to conflict resolution styles among sport coaches. Statistical sample include 120 of coaches of sport centers of Ardabil province at 2006. Research method was correlation. For data collection Rahim’s conflict resolution styles questionnaire, revised adults attachment scale of Collins and Read and Bandura’s self-efficacy questionnaire were used. For data analysis Pierson correlation and ...

Narimani, M.; Agamohammadian, H. R.; Ghaffari, M.

2008-01-01

425

Understanding the Antecedents of Korean High School Students’ Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy: Parental Influence, Peer Influence, and Behavior  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The current study examined the factors that influence Korean adolescents’ drinking refusal self-efficacy, which is known to be associated with alcohol use and drinking intentions. Specifically, this study considered parental monitoring, parent-child communication satisfaction, peer influence, and prior alcohol use as possible antecedents of Korean high school students’ drinking refusal self-efficacy...

Su Ahn Jang; NamAuk Cho; Jina Yoo

2012-01-01

426

The relation between self-regulated learning, self-efficacy, learning strategies and academic achievement / Modumo Jonas Mofokeng  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to determine by means of the review of the literature and an empirical investigation whether self-regulated learning, self-efficacy and learning strategies influence the academic achievement in Physical Science of Std. 10 Qwaqwa students. From the review of literature, it was established that there is a relationship between self-regulated learning, self-efficacy, learning strategies and academic achievement. Self-regulated learning theories of academic achievemen...

Mofokeng, Modumo Jonas

1996-01-01

427