WorldWideScience
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Do Self-Efficacy and Ability Self-Estimate Scores Reflect Distinct Facets of Ability Judgments?  

Science.gov (United States)

Vocational psychology has generated a number of concepts and assessment instruments considered to reflect ability self-concept (i.e., one's view of one's own abilities) relevant to career development. These concepts and measures often are categorized as either self efficacy beliefs or self-estimated (i.e., self-rated, self-evaluated) abilities.…

Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Bubany, Shawn T.

2008-01-01

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Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a comprehensive summary of the topic written by one of its pioneers. The site provides a definition of self-efficacy, characteristics of efficacious people, and a description of how self-efficacy can be developed or undermined. The author describes self-efficacy in social, family and school settings and in various stages of life. There is also a short bibliography.

Bandura, Albert; University, Stanford

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The impact of reading self-efficacy and task value on reading comprehension scores in different item formats  

OpenAIRE

It has been hypothesized that students with low self-ef?cacy will struggle with complex reading tasks in assessment situations. In this study we examined whether perceived reading self-ef?cacy and reading task value uniquely predicted reading comprehension scores in two different item formats in a sample of ?fth-grade students. Results showed that, after controlling for variance associated with word reading ability, listening comprehension, and nonverbal ability through hierarchical mul...

Solheim, Oddny Judith

2011-01-01

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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do "Harris Hip Score modificado por Byrd" / Translation and transcultural adaptation of the modified Harris Hip Score  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: As artroscopias do quadril têm sido utilizadas tanto para fins diagnósticos, como para fins terapêuticos, fazendo parte do arsenal rotineiro dos cirurgiões do quadril. Devido a necessidade de avaliação dos resultados artroscópicos, Byrd propôs a modificação do "Harris Hip Score", realizand [...] o a avaliação da dor e função. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o protocolo de avaliação do "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd, utilizado nas artroscopias do quadril. MÉTODO: O método utilizado constituiu em: 1) tradução inicial, 2) retrotradução, 3) pré - teste e 4) teste definitivo. RESULTADOS: A versão em português foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecções do quadril para verificar o nível de compreensão do protocolo. Foram realizadas mudanças e substituições de termos e expressões que não foram entendidas pelos pacientes durante o pré-teste e realizada a versão final em consenso. Novamente a versão final do questionário foi aplicada com 100% de entendimento pelos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: disponibiliza-se assim a versão final em português do questionário "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd. A validação desta versão já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Hip arthroscopy has been used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, and it is part of the daily arsenal of hip surgeons. Due to the need for arthroscopic evaluation of the results, Byrd proposed a modification of the Harris Hip Score by assessing pain and function. This study ai [...] med to translate and cross-culturally adapt the evaluation protocol of the modified Harris Hip Score used in hip arthroscopies. METHOD: The method used consisted of: 1) an initial translation, 2) a back translation, 3) a pre-test and 4) a final test. RESULTS: The Portuguese version was used with 30 patients with hip disorders to determine the level of comprehension of the protocol. Expressions which were not understood by patients during the pre-test were modified or replaced, and the final version was obtained by consensus. The final version of the questionnaire was used once again, with 100% understanding by patients. CONCLUSION: Thus we arrived at the final Portuguese version of the modified Harris Hip Score questionnaire. Verification of the validity of this version is already in progress.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Thiago Leonardi, Azuaga; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Lucia Emi, Ueno; Nilza Aparecida Almeida De, Carvalho.

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Nursing Activities Score (NAS: adaptación transcultural y validación para el portugués Nursing Activities Score (NAS: adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivos adaptar para o português e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Nursing Activities Score (NAS, instrumento de medida de carga de trabalho de enfermagem em UTI. Após o processo de adaptação cultural, o NAS foi aplicado em uma amostra de 200 pacientes adultos internados em UTIs. A análise da consistência interna pelo coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach revelou que o NAS possui 23 medidas independentes que não comportam consolidação ou redução. A avaliação da confiabilidade interobservadores demonstrou alta concordância (99,8% e índice Kappa médio de 0,99. A validade concorrente foi demonstrada pela correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o TISS-28 e o NAS (r=0,67; pEl estudio tuvo como objetivos adaptar al portugués y evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de el Nursing Activities Score (NAS, un instrumento para medir la carga de trabajo de enfermería en UCI. Tras el proceso de adaptación cultural, el NAS se aplicó a una muestra de 200 pacientes adultos ingresados en las UCIs. El análisis de consistencia interna por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach reveló que el NAS cuenta con 23 medidas independientes que no permiten consolidación o reducción. La evaluación de la fiabilidad interobservador mostró alta concordancia (99,8% y el índice Kappa media de 0,99. La validez concurrente se demostró por la correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el TISS-28 y NAS (r=0,67, pThe study aimed to adapt to the Portuguese language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS, an instrument for measuring the nursing workload in ICUs. After the process of cross-cultural adaptation, the NAS was applied to a sample of 200 adult ICU patients. The analysis of internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient revealed that the NAS has 23 independent measures that do not allow for either consolidation or reduction. Assessment of inter-rater reliability showed high concordance level (99.8% and a Kappa index average of 0.99. The concurrent validity was demonstrated by statistically significant correlation between the TISS-28 and NAS (r=0.67, p<0.0001, and by multivariate regression analysis (R²=94.4%, p<0.0001. The convergent validity was supported by the statistically significant association between the NAS and the SAPS II, when adjusted for age (R²=99.8%, p<0.0001. These results indicate that the NAS is a valid and reliable instrument to measure nursing workload of Brazilian ICUs.

Alda Ferreira Queijo

2009-12-01

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Educational Persistence: Self-Efficacy and Topics in a College Orientation Course  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines whether a college orientation course for online programs leads to increased self-efficacy and, if so, which course topics are related to changes in students' self-efficacy. The culminating research question explores whether self-efficacy is related to enrollment persistence. Students' self-efficacy scores improved significantly…

Brewer, Susan A.; Yucedag-Ozcan, Arfe

2013-01-01

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The Relationship among Computer Self-Efficacy Scores, Demographic Characteristics, and Grades in Computer Courses of Students at the School of Physical Education and Sports  

Science.gov (United States)

Computers have become a part of every area of human life, and are often used in the field of education. Becoming self-confident with regard to computer use can therefore make individuals' lives particularly the lives of university students substantially easier. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the computer self-efficacy belief (CSEB)…

Colak, Serap

2013-01-01

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Leadership, self-efficacy, and student achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships between teacher leadership, science teacher self-efficacy, and fifth-grade science student achievement in diverse schools in a San Antonio, Texas, metropolitan school district. Teachers completed a modified version of the Leadership Behavior Description Question (LBDQ) Form XII by Stogdill (1969), the Science Efficacy and Belief Expectations for Science Teaching (SEBEST) by Ritter, Boone, and Rubba (2001, January). Students' scores on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) measured fifth-grade science achievement. At the teacher level of analysis multiple regressions showed the following relationships between teachers' science self-efficacy and teacher classroom leadership behaviors and the various teacher and school demographic variables. Predictors of teacher self efficacy beliefs included teacher's level of education, gender, and leadership initiating structure. The only significant predictor of teacher self-efficacy outcome expectancy was gender. Higher teacher self-efficacy beliefs predicted higher leadership initiating structure. At the school level of analysis, higher school levels of percentage of students from low socio-economic backgrounds and higher percentage of limited English proficient students predicted lower school student mean science achievement. These findings suggest a need for continued research to clarify relationships between teacher classroom leadership, science teacher self-efficacy, and student achievement especially at the teacher level of analysis. Findings also indicate the importance of developing instructional methods to address student demographics and their needs so that all students, despite their backgrounds, will achieve in science.

Grayson, Kristin

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Middle school science teachers' teaching self-efficacy and students' science self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Project 2061, initiated by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), developed recommendations for what is essential in education to produce scientifically literate citizens. Furthermore, they suggest that teachers teach effectively. There is an abundance of literature that focuses on the effects of a teacher's science teaching self-efficacy and a student's science self-efficacy. However, there is no literature on the relationship between the two self-efficacies. This study investigated if there is a differential change in students' science self-efficacy over an academic term after instruction from a teacher with high science teaching self-efficacy. Quantitative analysis of STEBI scores for teachers showed that mean STEBI scores did not change over one academic term. A t test indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in mean SMTSL scores for students' science self-efficacy over the course of one academic term for a) the entire sample, b) each science class, and c) each grade level. In addition, ANOVA indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in mean gain factor of students rated as low, medium, and high on science self-efficacy as measured by the SMTSL, when students received instruction from a teacher with a high science teaching self-efficacy value as measured by the STEBI. Finally, there was no statistically significant association between the pre- and post-instructional rankings of SMTSL by grade level when students received instruction from a teacher with a high science teaching self-efficacy value as measured by the STEBI. This is the first study of its kind. Studies indicated that teaching strategies typically practiced by teachers with high science teaching were beneficial to physics self-efficacy (Fencl & Scheel, 2005). Although it was unsuccessful at determining whether or not a teacher with high science teaching self-efficacy has a differential affect on students' science self-efficacy, it is worth repeating on a more diverse sample of teacher and students over a longer period of time.

Pisa, Danielle

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Brief Psychometric Analysis of the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides preliminary analysis of reliability and validity of scores on the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale, which was designed to assess teacher perceptions of self-efficacy of students aged 8 to 17 years. (Contains 3 tables.)

Erford, Bradley T.; Duncan, Kelly; Savin-Murphy, Janet

2010-01-01

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The Interactive Effects of Race and and Teacher Self Efficacy on the Achievement Gap in School  

Science.gov (United States)

This article investigated the interactive effects of race and teacher self efficacy on the achievement gap in math scores for one middle school. A modified teacher self efficacy scale was used to measure the teaching self efficacy of the students' teachers. Two Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) procedures showed a main effect for the teacher self…

Hines, Mack T., III

2008-01-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation and clinical validation of the Neonatal Skin Condition Score to Brazilian Portuguese / Adaptación transcultural y validación clínica de la Neonatal Skin Condition Score para el portugués de Brasil / Adaptação transcultural e validação clínica da Neonatal Skin Condition Score para o português do Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural e validação clínica para uso no Brasil da Neonatal Skin Condition Score. MÉTODOS: trata-se de estudo metodológico de adaptação transcultural, incluindo cinco etapas: tradução inicial, síntese da tradução inicial, retrotradução, avaliaçã [...] o por um Comitê de Especialistas e testagem da versão pré-final e estudo transversal observacional com análise das propriedades psicométricas, utilizando os testes estatísticos de Kappa Ajustado, coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e método de Bland-Altman. Recrutaram-se, aleatoriamente, 38 profissionais para avaliação da clareza do instrumento adaptado e, por conveniência, 47 recém-nascidos internados na Neonatologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, para a validação clínica do instrumento. RESULTADOS: os resultados demonstraram 85% de clareza da escala adaptada. Os testes estatísticos evidenciaram confiabilidades intra e interobservador item a item de moderada a forte e, no escore total de forte a muito forte, houve variação entre os escores atribuídos pelos enfermeiros aos pacientes menor que 2 pontos. CONCLUSÕES: a escala foi adaptada e validada para uso no português falado no Brasil. As propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Condição da Pele do Recém-Nascido, versão brasileira do instrumento, apresentaram resultados semelhantes à validação da escala original. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: describir el proceso de adaptación transcultural y validación clínica para uso en Brasil de la Neonatal Skin Condition Score. MÉTODOS: se trata de un estudio metodológico de adaptación transcultural incluyendo cinco etapas: traducción inicial, síntesis de la traducción inicial, retro [...] traducción, evaluación por un Comité de Especialistas y prueba de la versión prefinal y estudio transversal observacional con análisis de las propiedades psicométricas utilizando las pruebas estadísticas de Kappa Ajustado, Coeficiente de Correlación Intraclase y método de Bland Altman. Se reclutó aleatoriamente 38 profesionales para evaluación de la claridad del instrumento adaptado y por conveniencia 47 recién nacidos internados en la Neonatología del Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre para la validación clínica del instrumento. RESULTADOS: demostraron cerca de 85% de claridad de la escala adaptada. Las pruebas estadísticas evidenciaron confiabilidades intra e interobservador ítem a ítem de moderada a fuerte y en el puntaje total de fuerte a muy fuerte, hubo variación entre los puntajes atribuidos por los enfermeros a los pacientes menor que 2 puntos. CONCLUSIONES: la escala fue adaptada y validada para uso en el portugués hablado en Brasil. Las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Condição da Pele do Recém-Nascido, versión brasileña del instrumento, presentaron resultados semejantes a la validación de la escala original. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation and clinical validation of the Neonatal Skin Condition Score. METHODS: this methodological cross-cultural adaptation study included five steps: initial translation, synthesis of the initial translation, back translation, review by [...] an Committee of Specialists and testing of the pre-final version, and an observational cross-sectional study with analysis of the psychometric properties using the Adjusted Kappa, Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, and Bland-Altman Method statistical tests. A total of 38 professionals were randomly recruited to review the clarity of the adapted instrument, and 47 newborns hospitalized in the Neonatology Unit of the Clinical Hospital of Porto Alegre were selected by convenience for the clinical validation of the instrument. RESULTS: the adapted scale showed approximately 85% clarity. The statistical tests showed moderate to strong intra and interobserver item to item reliability and from strong to very strong in the total score, with a varia

Juliana Machado, Schardosim; Luma Maiara, Ruschel; Giordana de Cássia Pinheiro da, Motta; Maria Luzia Chollopetz da, Cunha.

2014-10-01

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Correlations of Self-Efficacy among Women with Gestational Diabetes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Gestational diabetes is a major concern during pregnancy. Psychological factors such as self-efficacy play important role in adherence of the treatment, control of blood glucose, and the outcomes of the pregnancy. The main purpose of this study was to determine correlations of self-efficacy in women with gestational diabetes attending to educational medical centers of Iran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. Methods & Materials: In this descriptive correlational study, we recruited 100 women aged 15-49 years old with gestational diabetes and singleton pregnancies using consecutive sampling method. Data were collected using Diabetic Self-Efficacy scale. Results: The mean age of the women was 31 years. The majority of the women (66% had moderate economic status; and more than half (60% had no higher education. Sixty eight percent of the study participants were obese or overweight. About 33% of the participants were nullipara; and 69% had wanted pregnancies. The results showed that 43% of the women had low self-efficacy. The self-efficacy scores were significantly correlated with education (P=0.005 and occupation (P=0.016. Conclusion: Self-efficacy is an important determinant of self-management and self-control in gestational diabetes. Regarding low self-efficacy among the women, it seems that implementing educational-counseling strategies to enhance self-efficacy can be helpful to promote optimum self-care among women with gestational diabetes

Bastani F

2010-09-01

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A Reanalysis of Engineering Majors' Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines differences in women's engineering self-efficacy beliefs across grade levels in comparison to men's engineering self-efficacy (ESE) beliefs across grade levels. Data for this study was collected from 746 (635 men, 111 women) engineering students enrolled in a large research extensive university. Four major conclusions resulted from this study. (1) No significant differences in overall mean engineering self-efficacy scores were found by gender. However, this study found differences between men's and women's mean coping self-efficacy (CSE) and engineering career outcome expectations (ECOE) subscale scores. Freshmen men had significantly higher ECOE compared to upperclassmen women. (2) Overall, fifthyear men had significantly lower mean ESE scores compared to all other groups. (3) When the fifth-year group was removed from the data set, all first-year students had significantly lower subscale scores compared to all other years. In addition, men in their first-year of engineering had significantly lower subscale scores compared to other groups of men. (4) No significant differences in overall ESE scores were found among first to fifth-year women. Also, no significant differences in self-efficacy subscale scores were found among first to fifth-year women.

Concannon, James P.; Barrow, Lloyd H.

2012-12-01

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Self-efficacy, coping with stress and goal-orientation in nurse managers  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between self-efficacy, coping with stress, and goal-orientation in nurse managers. The results indicated that the self-efficacy scores were significantly correlated with learning goal-orientation (r=.37, p<.01), performance proving orientation subscale (r=.29, p<.05) and self-confidence/approach subscale (r=.51, p<.01) in nurse managers. Significant negative correlations were found between self-efficacy scores and submissiveness/app...

Melek Kalkan; Hatice Odac?; Hatice Epli Koç

2011-01-01

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Freshmen's use of library electronic resources and self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To encourage students use of the library, and in particular of its electronic resources, we need to understand what factors encourage students to seek out information in the library setting. Research has shown that self-efficacy influences academic achievement. This paper looks at the role self-efficacy plays in their search for information and use of the library's electronic resources, by surveying a class of freshmen at Baruch College. Their library and computer use were analyzed and correlated with their self-efficacy scores. Through statistical analysis, we found that use of the library correlated to the students' use of the library's electronic resources. We also found out that students who express an interest in learning about the library's electronic resources will be more likely to have higher self-efficacy.

Micaela Waldman

2003-01-01

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Low Self-Efficacy Lead to Failure in Adopting CHO-Counting Approach to Control Diabetes: Pilot Study  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of self-efficacy in adopting carbohydrate counting behavior on their glycemic control, lipid profile and body weight among patients with type 2 diabetes. Self-efficacy was measured using chwarzer and Renner self-efficacy scale. All patients, regardless of their self-efficacy score, received an intervention composed of tailored diet plans based on the carbohydrate counting method. Anthropometric and laboratory measurements were performed at baselin...

Abu-mweis, Suhad S.; Reema Fayez Tayyem; Bawadi, Hiba A.

2013-01-01

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Teacher self-efficacy in instruction and in parent involvement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study investigated self-efficacy of a sample of Slovak primary schoolteachers in two areas: area of instruction and area of parent involvement. Twoinstruments were used: the 16-item Slovak version of Teacher Efficacy Scale ofGibson and Dembo, and ZdUR, a 24-item scale to measure self-efficacy of teacherin parents’ involvement, developed by authors of the present study. The correlation between scores of personal teaching efficacy dimension of TES and ZdUR was 0.58 and between general teaching efficacy of TES and ZdUR was only 0.01. Teachers inthis sample had better scores in all dimensions of ZdUR than those of TES, with theexception of engaging parents in school activities. Scores of four teachers in TES andZdUR were analysed to document the possibility of making the individual profiles ofteacher self-efficacy.

Peter Gavora

2012-06-01

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Examining Elementary Education Pre-Service Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary education pre-service teachers? self-efficacy beliefs by gender, grade level and age. Participants were 163 elementary education pre-service teachers. An instrument titled “Music Education Self-Efficacy Scale” (Afacan, 2008 was used as a means of data collection. Descriptive statistics and t test was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that elementary education pre-service teachers? music education self-efficacy was, in general, moderate. Results revealed that participants? self-efficacy beliefs differ by gender, grade level and age. Women?s self-efficacy beliefs were higher than men. Junior (3rd year students? self-efficacy was higher than sophomores (2nd year. Similarly, self-efficay scores of particiapants with an age of between 22 and 24 was higher than those with an age of between 19–21.

Deniz Beste ÇEV?K

2011-04-01

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Evaluating Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Changes among Counselor Educators and Site Supervisors  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of pretest-posttest scores on the Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Instrument (Page & Hulse-Killacky, [Page, B. J., 1999]) following a supervision workshop indicated a significant positive relationship between workshop training and supervisors' feedback self-efficacy in giving corrective feedback. Furthermore, the association…

Motley, Veronica; Reese, Mary Kate; Campos, Peter

2014-01-01

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Enhancing Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy through Vocational Entrepreneurship Education Programmes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to report the results of a longitudinal evaluation of a vocational entrepreneurship education programme (EEP) using entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) measures. An empirical, mixed methods longitudinal and effectuation scale was used to measure ESE scores. Results indicate that participation in the programme had a…

Maritz, Alex; Brown, Chris

2013-01-01

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Confirmatory Analysis of Computer Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extended previous exploratory work on computer self-efficacy and tested a four-factor self-efficacy model. Results for 414 college students demonstrate support for the hypothesized model. Survey questions appeared relevant in most situations. (SLD)

Torkzadeh, Gholamreza; Koufteros, Xenophon; Pflughoeft, Kurt

2003-01-01

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Promoting Self-Efficacy in Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers have linked self-efficacy to a wide array of outcomes including psychological adjustment, resilience, physical health, achievement, and self-regulation, among others. In this article, the author describes self-efficacy and the factors that contribute to it, highlights the positive outcomes that self-efficacy leads to, and provides…

Reivich, Karen

2010-01-01

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The relationship between academic self-efficacy and self-efficacy levels of teacher candidates  

OpenAIRE

In this research, the relationship between academic self-efficacy beliefs and teachers' sense of efficacy were investigated for teacher candidate. The research is a descriptive study in relational screening model. Two separate instruments were used to collect data: the Academic Self-efficacy Scale to measure academic self-efficacy, and Teacher Self-efficacy Scale to measure the self-efficacy perceptions of teacher candidate. Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were conducted since the dat...

Kaz?m Çelik; Erkan Tabancal?

2013-01-01

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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do instrumento de avaliação do quadril "Harris Hip Score" / Translation and cultural adaptation of the Harris Hip Score into portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O Harris Hip Score é instrumento de avaliação específica, desenvolvido originalmente para avaliar os resultados da artroplastia total de quadril. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar culturalmente este instrumento para a língua portuguesa. MÉTODO: O método de tradução e adaptação [...] cultural do Harris Hip Score envolveu quatro etapas: 1 - tradução inicial; 2 - retrotradução; 3 - apreciação das versões com elaboração da versão de consenso; 4 - pré-teste comentado com elaboração da versão final. RESULTADOS: A versão de consenso foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecção do quadril, sendo verificadas dificuldades no entendimento de algumas expressões, as quais foram substituídas por termos de mais fácil entendimento. Na reaplicação do questionário com a nova versão houve entendimento por 100% dos pacientes no que diz respeito ao sentido semântico, idiomático e contextual. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Harris Hip Score permitiu a disponibilização de mais este instrumento para avaliação da qualidade de vida de pacientes com afecções do quadril. Há necessidade de um estudo de avaliação da confiabilidade e validade da versão adaptada culturalmente, a qual já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Harris Hip Score is a specific evaluation tool, originally developed to assess the results of hip arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Harris Hip Score for the Portuguese language. METHOD: The method of translating and culturally ad [...] apting the Harris Hip Score involved four steps: 1 - initial translation, 2 - back-translation, 3 - evaluation of the pre-final versions with the development of a consensus version, 4 - commented pre-test with development of the final version. RESULTS: The consensus version was applied to thirty patients with hip disorders. Some difficulties were identified in understanding some expressions, which were replaced by more commonly-used expressions. When the questionnaire was re-applied, it was understood by 100% of the patients, in relation to the semantic, idiomatic and conceptual meanings. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Harris Hip Score provides another important tool for assessing quality of life of patients with hip disorders. A further study is currently underway to evaluate the reliability and validity of the culturally adapted version.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Gustavo Bersani, Silva; Simoni Teixeira, Bittar; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Nilza Aparecida Almeida de, Carvalho.

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Self-efficacy, coping with stress and goal-orientation in nurse managers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between self-efficacy, coping with stress, and goal-orientation in nurse managers. The results indicated that the self-efficacy scores were significantly correlated with learning goal-orientation (r=.37, p.05, helplessness approach (r=-.13, p>.05, social support approach (r=-.01, p>.05, and performance avoid orientation (r=.18, p>.05 was not significant. This study showed a positive meaningful relationship between nurse managers' self-efficacy levels and learning goal orientation and performance-proving orientation. The study provided information related to the variables with self-efficacy of nurse managers. Given the results of this study, it seems important to develop intervention programs to facilitate self-efficacy and goal-orientation and to reduce stress

Melek Kalkan

2011-09-01

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Self-efficacy as a potential moderator of the effects of framed health messages  

OpenAIRE

This study focuses on self-efficacy as a potential moderator of the effects of gain- and loss-framed health messages. Undergraduate students (N = 124) received a gain- or loss-framed message about consuming ecological meat. The data revealed that for participants high in self-efficacy, the gain-framed message resulted in consuming more ecological meat than the loss-framed message. Moreover it was found that – within the gain-frame condition – participants low in self-efficacy scored highe...

Werrij, M. Q.; Ruiter, R. A. C.; Riet, J. P.; Vries, H.

2011-01-01

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Interprofessional clinical training improves self-efficacy of health care students  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Interprofessional collaboration potentially enhances patient safety and satisfaction, and reduces tensions and conflicts among health professionals. However, health professionals often lack sufficient knowledge of other professional roles and competences to engage in interprofessional teamwork. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an interprofessional training programme on students' perceived self-efficacy. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with an intervention group (239 students) and a control group (405 students). The intervention was an interprofessional clinical study (ICS) unit including students from nursing, medicine, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, laboratory technology and radiography. Data on students' perceived self-efficacy were collected through web-based questionnaires. Aspects of self-efficacy measured were: (1) collaboration with other professions in planning goals and actions for patients; (2) collaboration with other professions for rehabilitation; (3) identifying the functions of other professions and (4) assessing and describing patients' needs and problems. Results: All scores of perceived self-efficacy for the ICS group improved over time although one score change was non-significant (p?=?0.08). After adjustment for baseline differences and the score change for the control group, the ICS group's self-efficacy score gain remained statistically significant. Conclusion: The study showed that interprofessional training improved students' perception of self-efficacy more than traditional clinical training.

NØrgaard, Birgitte; Draborg, Eva

2013-01-01

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Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Pre-Service Primary Teachers on Physical Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the self-efficacy perception of the pre-service teachers towards Physical Education. Subjects are 423 student teachers from four Educational Faculties in Artvin, Rize, Trabzon and Giresun. Data were gathered via “The Scale of Physical Education Self Efficacy Perception” which was developed by the researchers. The scale developed in three parts as theoretical knowledge, practice skills and formation skills. The scale was applied to the student teachers who had completed Physical Education courses in their faculty programs. Findings indicated that male student teachers had higher self-efficacy perception scores toward Physical Education than female student teachers in terms of theoretical knowledge and practice skills dimensions. Also, the students teachers who had get the Physical Education Courses in sport facilities had higher self-efficacy perception scores toward Physical Education than the student teachers who hadn?t get this course in sport facilities.

Cengiz BAYRAKTAR

2009-08-01

30

Writing Anxiety as a Predictor of Writing Self-Efficacy in English for Special Education Arab Learners  

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Full Text Available The study aimed at investigating the relationship between writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English for special education Arab learners of English. It also investigated the use of writing anxiety scores as a predictor of writing self-efficacy. In addition, it explored differences between males and females in both writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English. The sample of the study consisted of 90 intermediate school students in the state of Kuwait (47 males and 43 females; the mean age was 8.67 years and the standard deviation was 2.4 years. The descriptive research design was adopted in the study. The researchers used writing anxiety scale, writing self-efficacy scale and an achievement test in English writing skills. Results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between students’ writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy for male students and the overall sample while no relationship was detected among these variables for female students. In addition, results revealed that writing anxiety scores could be used as a predictor of students’ writing self-efficacy in English for male students and the overall sample of the study whereas writing anxiety scores could not be used as a predictor of writing self-efficacy for female students. It was found that there were no statistically significant differences between male and female students in their scores of writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy in English Language.

Ashraf Atta M. S. Salem

2014-05-01

31

Development of Physics Self-Efficacy Scale  

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In this article, we describe development of a Physics Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES) that is a self-administered measure to assess physics self-efficacy beliefs regarding one's ability to successfully perform physics tasks in physics classroom. The scale is initially composed of 56 items prepared following a brief scrutiny of relating literature on self-efficacy. It was initially administered 30 physics teacher candidates and was also examined by 6 experts of physics education, then ambiguous or incomprehensible 6 items were dismissed. This PSES was tested on 558 undergraduate students all completed fundamental physics courses. Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient of the PSES was calculated as 0.94. The final version of the PSES contained 30 items with 5 dimensions namely, 1. Self-efficacy towards solving physics problems, 2. Self-efficacy towards physics laboratory, 3. Self-efficacy towards learning physics, 4. Self-efficacy towards application of physics knowledge and 5. Self-efficacy towards memorizing physics knowledge.

Çali?kan, Serap; Selçuk, Gamze S.; Erol, Mustafa

2007-04-01

32

An Analysis on the Effect of Computer Self-Efficacy over Scientific Research Self-Efficacy and Information Literacy Self-Efficacy  

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Present research investigates reciprocal relations amidst computer self-efficacy, scientific research and information literacy self-efficacy. Research findings have demonstrated that according to standardized regression coefficients, computer self-efficacy has a positive effect on information literacy self-efficacy. Likewise it has been detected…

Tuncer, Murat

2013-01-01

33

The relationship between academic self-efficacy and self-efficacy levels of teacher candidates  

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Full Text Available In this research, the relationship between academic self-efficacy beliefs and teachers' sense of efficacy were investigated for teacher candidate. The research is a descriptive study in relational screening model. Two separate instruments were used to collect data: the Academic Self-efficacy Scale to measure academic self-efficacy, and Teacher Self-efficacy Scale to measure the self-efficacy perceptions of teacher candidate. Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were conducted since the data were not normally distributed. The study group was comprised of 250 teacher candidate. The result of the study indicated that academic self-efficacy beliefs and teachers' sense of teacher candidates were quite high. Additionally it was found out that teacher candidates who had higher level of academic self-efficacy beliefs (comparing to teacher candidates who had moderate or lower level of academic self-efficacy practiced better in each dimension of Teacher's Self-Efficacy Belief Scale (except for academic development. There wasn't a significant difference according to neither gender nor having a job or not. But there was a significant difference in the dimension of effective learning and teaching process according to teacher candidates' majors of study in favour of Social Sciences. Besides there was a significant difference in the dimension of creating positive classroom environment and academic self-efficacy in terms of their ages in favor of 20 year-old and below.

Kaz?m Çelik

2013-04-01

34

SELF EFFICACY OF TEACHERS OF SECONDARY EDUCATION  

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Full Text Available The study presents a research of self efficacy of teachers of secondary education in the Trnava region in Slovakia. Research was realised in the year 2013 and its main objective was description and comparison of the level of self efficacy of teachers according to gender, length of practice and the type of school they teach at. The results of the research document the high self efficacy of the participating respondents, indicating a relatively high conviction of teachers about their professional competence.

Lívia Fenyvesiová

2013-10-01

35

Predictors Of Java Programming Self Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

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The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The resulting data were analyzed using Pearson product correlation and Multiple regression analysis. Findings revealed that Java Programming self-efficacy has no significant relationship with each of the computing and programming background factors. It was additionally obtained that the number of programming courses offered and programming courses weighed scores were the only predictors of Java self-efficacy.

Jegede, Philip Olu

2009-01-01

36

Does Emotional Self-efficacy Predict Teachers' Self-efficacy and Empathy?  

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Full Text Available Research has shown that teachers` self-efficacy and empathy are two of the most important variables consistently related to outcomes of positive teaching and student learning. Emotional self-efficacy refers to peoples' judgment regarding their own capacity to process emotional information accurately and effectively. It is considered a powerful variable affecting the emotional state of individuals and their performance. The main objective of the present study was to examine to what extent emotional self-efficacy predicts teachers` self-efficacy and empathy in teachers. Findings indicated that emotional self-efficacy predicts both empathy and teachers` self-efficacy. These results contribute to the growing body of literature maintaining that in order to practice and succeed in the complex and demanding school milieu, teachers must develop not only their teaching skills, but the emotional capacity required to enhance their resilience, their survival and their ability to innovate.

Marina Goroshit

2014-05-01

37

ACTIVE STRATEGIES DURING INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE TEACHER EDUCATION TO IMPROVE LONG-TERM TEACHER SELF-EFFICACY  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Teacher development aimed at increasing the use of inquiry based methods in schools is an important way to reach science learning goals. To this end, the EC has promoted inquiry based science teaching (IBST) within the Seventh Framework Program (FP7). One dimension, typically absent from the FP7 products, is the personal capacity belief of self- efficacy which has been shown to be important to personal behavioral change. The purpose of this research was to develop and test a model of teacher professional development (TPD) which adds specific elements for altering teacher self-efficacies to existing FP7 IBST products. This model was tested for its usefulness in increasing participant self-efficacy as evidenced by short and long term quantitative measures as well as by evaluation of long terminquiry lessons. Workshops to promote IBST were conducted in five different countries. Each workshop included strategies for increasing participant’s self-efficacies. Pre and post assessments showed consistently improved personal self-efficacy scores in all of the workshops. In addition, and unlike other long-term studies of teachers, these self-efficacy scores did not significantly diminish over six months. The promotion of self-efficacy in TPD provides a consistent way of evaluating the impact of IBST workshops through the use of changes in self-efficacy.

Evans, Robert Harry

2012-01-01

38

Developing Self-Efficacy through Sport.  

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A coach's role is to develop and sustain the athlete's self-efficacy by ensuring performance success, communicating effectively, using role-modeling techniques, reducing anxiety-producing factors, and using positive reinforcement. (JN)

Feltz, Deborah L.; Weiss, Maureen R.

1982-01-01

39

Self-Efficacy After Life Skills Training: A Case-Control Study  

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Background: Nursing students’ self-efficacy is a predictor for their educational progress. Students, who believe that they can be successful in their studies, are more confident. Therefore, many universities have focused on life skills training programs to improve the mental health of their students. Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare self-efficacy in two groups of nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). One group of students was trained on life skill programs, and the second group was not trained on the issue. Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted on two groups of nursing students in TUMS in the late 2012. The case group (n = 112) had passed life skills training course, and the control group (n = 139) was not trained on the issue. Data was collected using a questionnaire containing 12 questions about demographic features, and the Sherer’s general self-efficacy questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using independent sample t-test, Chi-square, odds ratio, and Fisher’s exact test. Results: In the untrained and trained groups, 23% and 8% of the students had very high self-efficacy, respectively. The overall mean scores of self-efficacy were 41.99 ± 9.31 and 38.99 ± 10.48 in the trained and untrained groups, respectively (P = 0.015), and the higher mean score indicates lower level of self-efficacy. A significant difference was also found between the self-efficacy and family income (P = 0.029). Conclusions: The present study showed that life skills training program did not affect self-efficacy of nursing students. Perhaps, the methods used in education were influencing and then, more effective techniques such as role-play and group discussion should be substituted in life skills training. PMID:25414884

Rezayat, Fatemeh; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid

2013-01-01

40

Social-Cognitive Predictors of Health Behavior : Action Self-Efficacy and Coping Self-Efficacy  

OpenAIRE

The effects of social-cognitive variables on preventive nutrition and behavioral intentions were studied in 580 adults at 2 points in time. The authors hypothesized optimistic self-beliefs operate in 2 phases and made a distinction between action self-efficacy (preintention) and coping self-efficacy (postintantion). Risk perceptions, outcome expectancies, and action self-efficacy were specified as predictors of the intention at Wave 1. Behavioral intention and coping serf-efficacy served as ...

Schwarzer, Ralf; Renner, Britta

2000-01-01

41

Self-efficacy hos arbetslösa : Påverkas self-efficacy av långtidsarbetslöshet?  

OpenAIRE

Sverige avsätter idag över en miljard kronor på att hjälpa arbetslösa att starta eget och därmed bli entreprenörer. Hög self-efficacy är en grundförutsättning för att lyckas som entreprenör och våra erfarenheter av att lyckas är den enskilt största källan till self-efficacy. Miljön som arbetslös är både fysiskt och psykiskt påfrestande och ofta kantad av motgångar, något som i teorin skulle kunna leda till sänkt self-efficacy. Studiens syfte var att undersöka om arbe...

Hennerdal, Erik

2008-01-01

42

Self- efficacy and aggressive driving reliationship  

OpenAIRE

The paper was designed to analize and evaluate the aggressiveness and self- efficacy of Lithuanian drivers. The aim of this study was : to evaluate the level of aggressiveness of Lithuanian drivers and to eveluate the reliationship between self- efficacy and aggressive driving. The data was collected from 196 participants ( 18-74 years old). Buss - Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Deffenbacher and his colleagues’ Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and George and his joint authors’ Adelaide Driving ...

Kas?inska, Agnies?ka

2010-01-01

43

Krachtige leeromgeving: relatie met self-efficacy  

OpenAIRE

DOEL. De laatste jaren zijn er nieuwe vormen van praktijkleren ontwikkeld binnen verpleegkundige opleidingen. Het doel van deze studie is onderzoeken of stage lopen binnen een krachtige leeromgeving leidt tot een sterkere ontwikkeling van ervaren self-efficacy bij hbo-verpleegkundestudenten dan stage lopen in een reguliere omgeving. METHODE. Een quasi experimenteel design (non-equivalent pretest-posttest control group) is toegepast, waarbij gebruik is gemaakt van de General Self Efficacy ...

Gloudemans, Henk; Schalk, Rene; Reynaert, Wouter

2012-01-01

44

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

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Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

45

Effects of a Nursing Intervention on Improving Self-Efficacy and Reducing Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases  

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Full Text Available Background & Aim: Patients adherence to medical recommendations requires new and effective strategies. Promoting self-efficacy is considered as an important measurement to help patients to participate in their own treatment protocol. This study was conducted to determine the effect of a nursing intervention on improving self-efficacy and reducing cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cardiovascular diseases in a public hospital in Urmia. Methods & Materials: In this single group before/after study, 81 patients with at least two cardiovascular adjustable risk factors were recruited. The self-efficacy intervention was presented to the patients and one of their family members. The self-efficacy was scored before, immediately and one month after the intervention. The Cardiovascular risk factors were measured before and one year after the intervention. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA with repeated measures, paired t-tests, and McNemar test were used to analyze data. Results: Overall self-efficacy scores and its sub-groups were significantly improved after one month. There were significant differences in the mean BMI, HDL, LDL, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and weight before and one year after the intervention. The number of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia were significantly decreased one year after the intervention. However, there were not significant differences in the number of overweight patients and patients with hypertension before and after the intervention. Conclusion: Results showed that our intervention to improve self-efficacy had positive effect on the overall self-efficacy score and the scores of its subgroups. Our intervention was also effective in controlling cardiovascular risk factors and in reducing the frequency of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia. It seems that combination of medical orders with self-efficacy improving interventions on patients and their families are influential in controlling cardiovascular risk factors.   Key words: cardiovascular risk factors, self-efficacy, nursing intervention

E Baljani

2011-02-01

46

Developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale  

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Full Text Available Reading comprehension has affective and social dimensions as well as its cognitive dimension. Thus, to understand and improve reading instruction, affective and social dimensions should be well understood. Perceived self-efficacy is one of affective issues influencing learning and it should be taken into consideration in reading instruction. With this in mind, this study aims at developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale with a group of 518 students as participants. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a 6-item scale with one factor. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was determined to be 0.948. This new Reader Self-Efficacy Scale could easily be used for training and research purposes depending on its high validity and reliability.

Hakan ÜLPER

2013-04-01

47

General Self-Efficacy Among Family’s Female Caregiver of Elderly with Alzheimer’s Disease  

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Full Text Available Background & Aim: Caregivers of elderly with Alzheimer's disease, particularly females, encounter challenges. Their different roles in giving care to the patients could result in physical and mental disorders. The self-efficacy seems to be an essential factor in empowering individuals coping with stressful situations and challenging tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate general self-efficacy among women as family caregivers of elderly with Alzheimers disease. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 112 women reffered to the Iran Alzheimer Association, Tehran were selected through convenience sampling method. The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-10 was used to collect data. Data were entered into the SPSS-16 and then processed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe. Results: The mean score of the general self-efficacy was 28.24±6.34 indicating that considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy (65.2%. In addition, there were significant relationships between the women's general self-efficacy with educational and economic statuses (P<0.05. There were no significant relationships between general self-efficacy with age, marital status, occupational status and duration of caring. Conclusion: According to the findings, a considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy. Therefore, it is essential to promote the caregivers self-efficacy in order to give them the ability of better adaptation with the lifes challenges. In particular, the self-efficacy promotive programs should be implemented among caregivers with lower educational and economic status.

Hamid Haghani

2012-06-01

48

Self-Efficacy and Academic Listening  

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This paper takes as its starting point the difficulties inherent in listening in a second language. It argues that self-efficacy, broadly defined as the belief in one's ability to carry out specific tasks successfully, is crucial to the development of effective listening skills, and that listening strategy instruction has the potential to boost…

Graham, Suzanne

2011-01-01

49

Knowledge Monitoring, Goal Orientations, Self-Efficacy, and Academic Performance: A Path Analysis  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between knowledge monitoring and motivation as defined by self-efficacy and goal orientations. A path model was proposed to hypothesize the causal relations among predictors of the students' total score in the Educational Psychology course. The sample consisted of undergraduate…

Al-Harthy, Ibrahim S.; Was, Christopher A.

2013-01-01

50

Measuring General Self-Efficacy: A Comparison of Three Measures Using Item Response Theory  

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General self-efficacy (GSE), individuals' belief in their ability to perform well in a variety of situations, has been the subject of increasing research attention. However, the psychometric properties (e.g., reliability, validity) associated with the scores on GSE measures have been criticized, which has hindered efforts to further establish the…

Scherbaum, Charles A.; Cohen-Charash, Yochi; Kern, Michael J.

2006-01-01

51

Effect of Education on Perceived Self-Efficacy for Individuals with Arthritis  

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Full Text Available Background: Arthritis self-efficacy characterizes individuals’ confidence in managing their arthritis. Patienteducation in arthritis aims to improve health outcomes by prompting people to adopt self-managementbehaviours. Therefore, perceived self-efficacy and patient education in arthritis is of great importance.Aims: This study was performed to determine the effects of education on self-efficacy perception in arthritisindividuals.Methodology: This study was a semi-experimental of pre-test and post test design in an equivalent controlgroup. The research was conducted in a physiotherapy and immunology clinics in Erzurum, Turkey. The datawere obtained from 80 individuals with arthritis. These eighty arthritis individuals were composed 40 of whomwere in the experimental and 40 of whom were in control group. As the data gathering tools, a questionnaireform and arthritis self-efficacy scale (ASES were used. ASES developed by Lorig et al. and adjusted fromEnglish to Turkish by Ünsal&Ka??kç? was used to measure individuals’ self-efficacy. Questionnaire form andscale were completed by the individuals in both groups. Patients in the experimental group were educated withthe booklet. The education program was applied 4 times, once in 3 weeks. The time required for each stage was45~60 minutes. In the control group, care was provided according to the usual routine.Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the pre-test ASES scores of the individuals inboth groups. Self-efficacy levels after education were significantly improved in the experimental groupcompared to the control group.Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the planned education can be considered an effectiveintervention for increasing self-efficacy perception in arthritis individuals.

Magfiret Kara Kasikci

2010-01-01

52

Factors influencing Australian agricultural workers' self-efficacy using chemicals in the workplace.  

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A hypothetical model was formulated to explore which factors can simultaneously influence the self-reported ability of agricultural employees to embrace chemical safety practices. Eight variables were considered in the study, including the employees' gender, age, duration of current employment status, and whether they were employed full-time or part-time. The self-efficacy measures of 169 participants were then estimated by measuring their self-rated ability to understand and perform different chemical safety practices. Models identifying employee self-efficacy pathways leading to worker readiness to engage in chemical safety were then tested using Partial Least Squares Path Analysis. Study results suggest that employees' self-efficacy to successfully engage in safe chemical practices in their workplace can be directly predicted by four variables, with additional indirect effects offered by one other variable, which cumulatively account for 41% of the variance of employees' chemical safety self-efficacy scores. The most significant predictor variables that directly influenced employees' self-efficacy in adopting chemical safety practices in the workplace were worker age, gender, years of employment, and concurrent confidence (self-efficacy) arising from prior experience using chemicals in the workplace. The variables of employees' prior knowledge and understanding about the use of administrative controls and personal protective equipment to protect workers from chemical exposure had no direct influence on self-efficacy to handle chemical emergencies. Employees' unfamiliarity with risk control strategies and reliance on material safety data sheets for information suggest that ongoing and targeted training are necessary if chemical safety issues are to be addressed. PMID:23413482

Blackman, Ian R

2012-11-01

53

Self-efficacy Among Students of Pedagogical Universities  

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This article deals with the questions of self-efficacy among students of pedagogical universities. Results have shown that students-athletes had higher level of physical self-efficacy than students non-athletes

Pancekauskas, Darius J.; Vazne, Zermena A.; Malinauskas, Romualdas K.; Malinauskiene, Vilija A.

2012-01-01

54

Self-efficacy Among Students of Pedagogical Universities  

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Full Text Available This article deals with the questions of self-efficacy among students of pedagogical universities. Results have shown that students-athletes had higher level of physical self-efficacy than students non-athletes

Darius J. Pancekauskas

2012-03-01

55

Does Emotional Self-efficacy Predict Teachers' Self-efficacy and Empathy?  

OpenAIRE

Research has shown that teachers` self-efficacy and empathy are two of the most important variables consistently related to outcomes of positive teaching and student learning. Emotional self-efficacy refers to peoples' judgment regarding their own capacity to process emotional information accurately and effectively. It is considered a powerful variable affecting the emotional state of individuals and their performance. The main objective of the present study was to examine to what extent e...

Marina Goroshit; Meirav Hen

2014-01-01

56

The moderating effect of self-efficacy on normal-weight, overweight, and obese children's math achievement: A longitudinal analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Increased body weight is associated with decreased cognitive function in school-aged children. The role of self-efficacy in shaping the connection between children's educational achievement and obesity-related comorbidities has not been examined to date. Evidence of the predictive ability of self-efficacy in children is demonstrated in cognitive tasks, including math achievement scores. This study examined the relationship between self-efficacy and math achievement in normal weight, overweight, and obese children. I hypothesized that overweight and obese children with higher self-efficacy will be less affected in math achievement than otherwise comparable children with lower self-efficacy. I tested this prediction with multilevel growth modeling techniques using the ECLS-K 1998-1999 survey data, a nationally representative sample of children. Increased self-efficacy moderates the link between body weight and children's math achievement by buffering the risks that increased weight status poses to children's cognitive function. My findings indicate that self-efficacy moderates math outcomes in overweight, but not obese, children. PMID:25618606

Kranjac, Ashley Wendell

2015-03-01

57

The Nursing Home Falls Self-Efficacy Scale: development and testing.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined a brief measure of falls self-efficacy in nursing home residents participating in a pilot randomized controlled trial to study the effects of hip protectors on the prevention of fractures (N = 116, mean age 82 ± 8, 72% female). Internal consistency reliability was acceptable with Cronbach's alpha of .79. Factor analysis supported two factors representing self-efficacy expectations and outcome expectancy. Contrasted groups comparisons and construct validity were examined. We found lower falls self-efficacy in participants who needed help with mobility, in people with lower executive function, and in participants who reported fear of falling. Scores were not associated with prospective falls or adherence with hip protector use. The findings of this study provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale for future research. PMID:22042908

Lach, Helen W; Ball, Linda J; Birge, Stanley J

2012-02-01

58

The Interface between EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy Concerning Listening Comprehension and Listening Proficiency  

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Full Text Available Since the focus of education has shifted from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in recent decades, a growing body of research in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. It should be pointed out that one of the important factors affecting test scores is test takers’ characteristics. Therefore, the present study concentrated on one of these individual differences; namely self-efficacy. To narrow down the focus of investigation, this study aimed at exploring the role of EFL learner's self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension in their listening test performance. Hence, the main research question addressed by the present study was ‘Are there any relationships between EFL learners’ self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension and listening proficiency?’ A group of 61 freshmen undergraduate learners of English consented to participate in the present study. Data on the learners’ self-efficacy were collected through an author-designed questionnaire. The listening proficiency was quantified and extracted based on the students’ answers to a listening test performance titled as 'Listening Diagnostic Pre-test' adopted from paper-based Longman TOEFL(2001, pp.3-6. The results of statistical analyses indicated that listening comprehension self- efficacy was significantly related to listening proficiency.

Ali RAHIMI

2009-04-01

59

Psychometric evaluation of the Gambling Self-Efficacy Questionnaire with treatment-seeking pathological gamblers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gambling-related self-efficacy has been shown to correspond with treatment success and maintenance of treatment gains. Accordingly, there is a need for gambling assessment measures that have been validated with treatment-seeking individuals. In this study, we reported on the evaluation of a measure of perceived self-efficacy to control gambling behavior in high-risk relapse situations, the Gambling Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (GSEQ; May, Whelan, Steenbergh, & Meyers, 2003). Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses provided some support for the original single-factor solutions, but also suggested the presence of individual patterns of self-efficacy across high-risk situations. The GSEQ demonstrated convergence with indices of problem-gambling severity and scores on the measure significantly increased across a brief cognitive-behavioral intervention. The sensitivity and specificity were evaluated and the findings supported that an average self-efficacy rating of 70% corresponded with indices of pathological gambling. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25180557

Winfree, Walter R; Ginley, Meredith K; Whelan, James P; Meyers, Andrew W

2014-12-01

60

Self-Efficacy and Multicultural Competence of School Counselors  

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The study examined the relationship between school counselor self efficacy and perceived multicultural competence self efficacy in a sample of 157 school counselors. Results reveal School Counselor Self-Efficacy (SCSE) cultural acceptance subscale was a statistically significant predictor of all three multicultural competencies (MCC: Terminology,…

Owens, Delila; Bodenhorn, Nancy; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2010-01-01

61

Examining Dimensions of Self-Efficacy for Writing  

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A multifactor perspective on writing self-efficacy was examined in 2 studies. Three factors were proposed--self-efficacy for writing ideation, writing conventions, and writing self-regulation--and a scale constructed to reflect these factors. In Study 1, middle school students (N = 697) completed the Self-Efficacy for Writing Scale (SEWS), along…

Bruning, Roger; Dempsey, Michael; Kauffman, Douglas F.; McKim, Courtney; Zumbrunn, Sharon

2013-01-01

62

Identifying Events that Impact Self-Efficacy in Physics Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a method of analyzing the development of self-efficacy in real time using a framework of self-efficacy opportunities (SEOs). Considerable research has shown a connection between self-efficacy, or the confidence in one's own ability to perform a task, and success in science fields. Traditional methods of investigating the development of…

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Goertzen, Renee Michelle; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-01-01

63

Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology  

OpenAIRE

Two studies tested the hypothesis that use of learning technologies among undergraduate psychology students was associated with higher Internet self-efficacy (ISE). In Study 1, the ISE scores of 86 students were found not to be associated with either attitudes towards, or measured use of, blogs and wikis as part of an IT skills course. ISE was associated with time spent online, and positive attitudes to wikis were associated with higher use. Study 2 measured 163 students’ ISE scores at the ...

Tom Buchanan; Sanjay Joban; Alan Porter

2014-01-01

64

Self-efficacy in Second/Foreign Language Learning Contexts  

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Full Text Available This study reviews the empirical literature of self-efficacy, a central component of social cognitive theory, in the area of second language learning by focusing on two research questions: first, to what extent, has self-efficacy, as a predicting variable, has been explored in the field of second language learning? Second, what factors affect learners’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning a foreign/second language? On addressing the research questions, 32 articles published between 2003 and 2012 were selected. The articles were classified into two main categories – effects of self-efficacy and factors affecting self-efficacy. Then each category was divided into certain subcategories for discussion. The findings of the review revealed that several factors enhance the level of students’ self-efficacy, and self-efficacy is a strong predictor of performance in different language skills and tasks. Limitations of the empirical studies discussed and directions for further investigation are also presented.

Saeid Raoofi

2012-09-01

65

Creating Opportunities to Influence Self-Efficacy through Modeling Instruction  

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In this paper we present an initial analysis connecting key elements of Modeling Instruction (MI) to self-efficacy experience opportunities. Previously, we demonstrated that MI has positive effects on self-efficacy when compared with traditional Lecture instruction. We also found a particularly strong positive effect on the social persuasion source of self-efficacy for women in the MI class. Our current study seeks to understand through what mechanisms MI influences self-efficacy. We demonstrate this connection through an in-depth analysis of video chosen to exemplify Modeling techniques used in a problem-solving episode by three female participants enrolled in a MI introductory physics class. We provide a rich and descriptive analysis of the self-efficacy experiences opportunities within this context and discuss how these opportunities provide a potential explanation of how MI influences self-efficacy.

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Goertzen, Renee M.; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-05-15

66

Positive Impacts of Modeling Instruction on Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of the impact of Modeling Instruction (MI) on the sources of self-efficacy for students in Introductory Physics 1 will be presented. We measured self-efficacy through a quantitative diagnostic (SOSESC) developed by Fencl and Scheel to investigate the impact of instruction on the sources of self-efficacy in all introductory physics classes. We collected both pre- semester data and post-semester data, and evaluated the effect of the classroom by analyzing the shift (Post-Pre). At Florida International University, a Hispanic-serving institution, we find that traditional lecture classrooms negatively impact the self-efficacy of all students, while the MI courses had no impact for all students. Further, when disaggregating the data by gender and sources of self-efficacy, we find that Modeling Instruction positively impacted the Verbal Persuasion source of self-efficacy for women. This positive impact helps to explain high rates of retention for women in the MI classes.

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird H.

2011-01-07

67

Creating opportunities to influence self-efficacy through modeling instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present an initial analysis connecting key elements of Modeling Instruction (MI) to self-efficacy experience opportunities. Previously, we demonstrated that MI has positive effects on self-efficacy when compared with traditional Lecture instruction [1]. We also found a particularly strong positive effect on the social persuasion source of self-efficacy for women in the MI class. Our current study seeks to understand through what mechanisms MI influences self-efficacy. We demonstrate this connection through an in-depth analysis of video chosen to exemplify Modeling techniques used in a problem-solving episode by three female participants enrolled in a MI introductory physics class. We provide a rich and descriptive analysis of the self-efficacy experiences opportunities within this context and discuss how these opportunities provide a potential explanation of how MI influences self-efficacy.

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Goertzen, Renee Michelle; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-02-01

68

Ask, understand, remember: a brief measure of patient communication self-efficacy within clinical encounters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients' ability to effectively communicate with their health care providers is an essential aspect of proper self-care, especially for those with chronic conditions. We wanted to develop and validate a brief, reliable measure of patient communication self-efficacy within clinical encounters. Consecutively recruited patients (n = 330) with diagnosed hypertension from seven primary care clinics in Chicago, Illinois, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Shreveport, Louisiana completed an in-person interview including chronic disease self-efficacy, hypertension knowledge, health literacy assessments, and items modified from the Communication and Attitudinal Self-Efficacy (CASE) - Cancer scale. Six items from the CASE were candidates for a new scale due to their focus on the patient-provider relationship. Using principal components analysis with varimax rotation, four items strongly loaded onto one factor (Eigenvalue = 2.33; proportion of variance explained = 58%) with a Cronbach's ? coefficient of 0.75. The measure, referred to as the Ask, Understand, Remember Assessment, (AURA) was moderately correlated with the total score from an existing chronic disease management self-efficacy scale (r = 0.31) and disease knowledge (beta coefficient = 0.2, 95% Confidence Interval 0.04 - 0.3, p = .03). Patients with low health literacy had lower scores on the AURA than those with marginal or adequate health literacy (p < .05). The AURA demonstrated high internal consistency and was correlated with both hypertension knowledge and a chronic disease self-efficacy scale. The AURA is brief, valid, has low reading demands, and is an appropriate tool for use among patients with chronic illness. It may also be useful in identifying and assisting patients who are at risk for errors or non-adherence with self-care behaviors. PMID:20845194

Clayman, Marla L; Pandit, Anjali U; Bergeron, Ashley R; Cameron, Kenzie A; Ross, Emily; Wolf, Michael S

2010-01-01

69

Betydelsen av self-efficacy och socialt stöd för studieprestation  

OpenAIRE

Self-efficacy och socialt stöd är två fenomen som visats ha ett flertal goda effekter på individers beteende framförallt inom utbildning. Devonport och Lanes (2006) studie kunde bekräfta relationen mellan self-efficacy och prestation. Den föreliggande studiens syfte var att studera betydelsen av self-efficacy och socialt stöd för studieprestation hos en grupp studenter. Två mätningstillfällen utfördes, med 65 deltagare vid första och 49 vid andra tillfället. Resultaten visade a...

Ekstrand, Maria

2007-01-01

70

Self efficacy measurement and goal attainment after pulmonary rehabilitation  

OpenAIRE

Rachel Garrod, Johanna Marshall, Fiona JonesSchool of Physiotherapy, St George’s, University of London and Kingston University Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, UKBackground: Little is known about self-efficacy in COPD and its role as a mediator of goal attainment after rehabilitation. We hypothesized that higher baseline self efficacy may facilitate goal attainment.Methods: 48 COPD patients completed pulmonary rehabilitation, self-efficacy was measured using the COPD Self...

Rachel Garrod; Johanna Marshall; Fiona Jones

2008-01-01

71

Effects of Observational Practice and Gender on the Self-efficacy and Learning of Aiming Skill  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purposes of the present investigation were to study the effects of observational model and gender on the learning and self-efficacy of dart throwing skill. Forty eight novice girls and boys from PE classes were divided into two observational and physical practice groups, randomly. In acquisition phase and in retention and transfer tests, they practiced 60 trials and 12 trials, respectively. The results of acquisition phase showed that there was significant main effect of gender and the follow-up results demonstrated that the males had more accurate performance and more self-efficacy score than females (p<0.05. There were no significant differences between observational and physical groups on throwing accuracy and self-efficacy (p>0.05, but the males had more accurate performance than females in retention and transfer phases. In conclusion, observing a model can result in acquiring and learning of a skill as well as the executing a skill because of the role of self-efficacy and observational model is more effective for males than females for learning facilitation.

Mohsen Shafizadeh

2007-01-01

72

Development and evaluation of the Marijuana Reduction Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

To evaluate several psychometric properties of a questionnaire designed to assess college students' self-efficacy to employ 21 cognitive-behavioral strategies intended to reduce the amount and/or frequency with which they consume marijuana, we recruited 273 marijuana-using students to rate their confidence that they could employ each of the strategies. Examination of frequency counts for each item, principal components analysis, internal consistency reliability, and mean interitem correlation supported retaining all 21 items in a single scale. In support of criterion validity, marijuana use-reduction self-efficacy scores were significantly positively correlated with cross-situational confidence to abstain from marijuana, and significantly negatively correlated with quantity and frequency of marijuana use and marijuana-related problems. In addition, compared with respondents whose use of marijuana either increased or remained stable, self-efficacy was significantly higher among those who had decreased their use of marijuana over the past year. This relatively short and easily administered questionnaire could be used to identify college students who have low self-efficacy to employ specific marijuana reduction strategies and as an outcome measure to evaluate educational and skill-training interventions. PMID:24955675

Davis, Alan K; Osborn, Lawrence A; Leith, Jaclyn; Rosenberg, Harold; Ashrafioun, Lisham; Hawley, Anna; Bannon, Erin E; Jesse, Samantha; Kraus, Shane; Kryszak, Elizabeth; Cross, Nicole; Carhart, Victoria; Baik, Kyoung-deok

2014-06-01

73

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SELF-EFFICACY, PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, AND PARTICIPATION IN YOUTH BASKETBALL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study analyzed the relationship between the level of self-efficacy of the player with the ball in basketball, various performance indicators, and individual participation of the youth player in competition, with the goal of being able to establish initial values that help to define game styles and systems that are adapted to the characteristics of the youth player. In order to evaluate the levels of self-efficacy, a questionnaire was administered to 187 players from the under-16 age category. From a total of 22 games, the following variables related to the individual performance of the player were analyzed: a points scored; b shot attempts and shots made of 1, 2, and 3 points; c efficacy percentage of 1, 2, and 3-point shots; d rebounds made; and e personal fouls received. With regard to participation, the following variables were analyzed: f minutes played; g total time of ball possession; h number of ball possessions; i number of passes received; and j number of offensive phases in which the player participates. The results indicate that the performance and participation variables correctly classify 74.2% when differentiating between players with high and low levels of selfefficacy. The players with high levels of self-efficacy presented higher values in the different performance and participation variables than the players with low levels of self-efficacy.

Enrique Ortega

2009-01-01

74

Emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and occupational therapy students' fieldwork performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the relationship of emotional intelligence level and self-efficacy to fieldwork performance for occupational therapy students. Occupational therapy students (n = 199) from 36 occupational therapy programs in the United States completed the two surveys, the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test and the Student Confidence Questionnaire, during their professional Level 2 fieldwork placements. The surveys were compared to the Fieldwork Performance Evaluation for the Occupational Therapy Student completed by the fieldwork educators. Results showed that degree of emotional intelligence, having a choice in the fieldwork setting, and having professional experience in a related setting were positively correlated to Fieldwork Performance scores. Students' self-efficacy was not related to Fieldwork Performance scores. This suggests fostering students' emotional intelligence and capacity for accurate skill appraisal supports fieldwork success. PMID:23855607

Andonian, Lynne

2013-07-01

75

Self-Efficacy in Social Work: Development and Initial Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Social Workers  

OpenAIRE

Self-efficacy beliefs do not reflect a generic sense of competence, but are instead context-specific. Therefore, self-efficacy should be assessed by using an ad hoc scale measuring individual behaviors that allows social workers to exercise influence over events that affect their work life. The present study describes the development and initial validation of the self-efficacy scale for social workers (SESSW). Items were generated through the Critical Incident Technique. Sixteen social worker...

Monica Pedrazza; Elena Trifiletti; Sabrina Berlanda; Gian Antonio Di Bernardo

2013-01-01

76

The association between foot-care self efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour in people with peripheral neuropathy: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background People with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy often do not implement the foot-care behavioural strategies that are suggested by many health professionals. The concept of self-efficacy has been shown to be an effective predictor of behaviour in many areas of health. This study investigated the relationships between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs, self-reported foot-care behaviour and history of diabetes-related foot pathology in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation in their feet. Methods Ninety-six participants were included in this cross-sectional study undertaken in a regional city of Australia. All participants had diabetes and clinically diagnosed loss of protective sensation in their feet. The participants completed a self-report pen-paper questionnaire regarding foot-care self efficacy beliefs (the "Foot Care Confidence Scale" and two aspects of actual foot-care behaviour-preventative behaviour and potentially damaging behaviour. Pearson correlation coefficients were then calculated to determine the association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual reported foot-care behaviour. Multiple analysis of variance was undertaken to compare mean self-efficacy and behaviour subscale scores for those with a history of foot pathology, and those that did not. Results A small positive correlation (r = 0.2, p = 0.05 was found between self-efficacy beliefs and preventative behaviour. There was no association between self-efficacy beliefs and potentially damaging behaviour. There was no difference in self-efficacy beliefs in people that had a history of foot pathology compared to those that did not. Conclusion There is little association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour. The usefulness of measuring foot-care self-efficacy beliefs to assess actual self foot-care behaviour using currently available instruments is limited in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation.

Swerissen Hal

2009-02-01

77

Entrepreneurial self-efficacy in a multicultural society: Measures and ethnic differences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Deficits in self-beliefs lower entrepreneurial activity in the broader South African context. A brief theoretical analysis preceded establishing the psychometric evaluations of the entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE and general selfefficacy (GSE measures. Participants representing different major ethnic groups in SA were sampled. Results indicate that the GSE scale remains a single factor solution thereby confirming the unidimensionality and reliability of this measure. The different ESE sub-domains provide a far more fine-grained approach to understanding self-efficacy. ANOVA determined significant differences in self-efficacy scores between the different groups. Apart from introducing the ESE construct to the SA literature, it is the first time that a study has united the general and specific measures of self-efficacy as well as measuring both the magnitude and strength dimensions of self-efficacy beliefs. Opsomming Tekortkominge in selfgeloofwaardigheid doen afbreuk aan entrepreneuriese aktiwiteite in die breër Suid Afrikaanse konteks. ’n Samevattende teoretiese analise het die vasstelling van strukturele ekwivalensie van die entrepreneuriese ESE en GSE skale voorafgegaan. ’n Steekproef van MBA respondente, verteenwoordigend van die hoof etniese groepe binne SA, is vir die studie gebruik. Bevindinge dui daarop dat die GSE skaal ’n enkel faktor oplossing is bevestigend van die enkel dimensionaliteit en betroubaarheid van hierdie maatstaf. ANOVA dui daarop dat merkbare verskille bestaan tussen die ESE tellings van die verskillende groeperinge. Benewens die bekendstelling van die ESE konsep, aan die SA literatuur, verenig hierdie studie vir die eerste keer die breë en spesifieke maatstawwe van selfgeloofwaardigheid, en meet dit ook die grote en sterkte van hierdie verandelikes.

Boris Urban

2006-01-01

78

Development of Self-Efficacy towards Using Alternative Assessment Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

Determining the candidate teachers' opinions regarding self-efficacy towards alternative assessment will be beneficial in that this will improve their competencies while using these approaches in their applications within the classroom. In this article, the development and validation of the "Self-efficacy towards Using Alternative Assessment…

Buldur, Serkan; Tatar, Nilgun

2011-01-01

79

Career self-efficacy in occupational therapy practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Career expectations contribute to job satisfaction, which ultimately affects personnel retention. This paper focuses on a current trend in career literature: career self-efficacy, judgments about the efficacy of one's career choice and adjustment. Career self-efficacy is relevant to occupational therapy in that therapists are leaving the profession because of unmet career expectations. This paper explores Bandura's self-efficacy theory (the basis of career self-efficacy) and discusses the authors' experience in clinical practice and education relating the application of career self-efficacy to occupational therapy. Suggested methods for enhancing career self-efficacy include the implementation of a professional development course based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory; incorporation of self-efficacy content into the professional theory and practice courses; clinical supervision that creates realistic self-perceptions of performance during the field-work experience; and transitional programs for entry-level practitioners that identify and explore personal career expectations and support for the experienced practitioner. PMID:8109613

Bush, J V; Powell, N J; Herzberg, G

1993-10-01

80

Self-Efficacy and Collaborative Learning: An Intervention Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Findings from empirical research suggest that both self-efficacy beliefs and collaborative learning may have an influence upon student academic performance. However, the phenomena of self-efficacy beliefs, collaborative learning, and academic achievement have not been studied in concert with one another. Using quantitative research methods, I…

Robertson, Jane

2012-01-01

81

Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy among Latino College Freshmen  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the changes in self-efficacy among Latinos during the freshman year in a highly selective institution. Results indicate that gender differences exist during this period. Males rate themselves high in self-efficacy at the beginning of the year, while females rate themselves low. An interaction effect occurs at the end of the…

Lopez, J. Derek

2014-01-01

82

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy among Physical Education Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations between EI and self-efficacy among physical education teachers. The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) and the Teacher Sense of…

Mouton, Alexandre; Hansenne, Michel; Delcour, Romy; Cloes, Marc

2013-01-01

83

Business Student Computer Self-Efficacy: Ten Years Later  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyzes computer self-efficacy for two independent samples of students enrolled in an introduction to information systems course in 1996 and 2006. We administered two validated and frequently employed measures of general computer self-efficacy to each group of students and collected demographic and computer-use data. Our findings…

Karsten, Rex; Schmidt, Dennis

2008-01-01

84

Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

Gunduz, Bulent

2012-01-01

85

Career Self-Efficacy Development and Students with Learning Disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated self-efficacy beliefs, sources of efficacy information, person input variables, and outcome expectations in relationship to the career interests of 96 adolescents with learning disabilities. Self-efficacy beliefs were found to be a substantial predictor of career interests and to consistently mediate the relationship of other…

Panagos, Rebecca J.; DuBois, David L.

1999-01-01

86

20 The Tools - 03 Self-Efficacy Questionnaires - TfLN Self-Efficacy Questionnaires: Rationale (01 Guide to Self-Efficacy)  

OpenAIRE

Explanation of what 'self-efficacy' is taken to mean in terms of student self-perception of ability, and relating that to the literature, current academic discourse and the use of the term in the TfLN context.

TfLN-Transforming Perspectives project

2007-01-01

87

Impact of Self Efficacy on Motivation and Performance of Employees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to perform a meta-analysis which analyses the individual research findings which pertainto the relationship between self-efficacy, employee motivation and work related performance of the employee.From the results of the study it is observed that self-efficacy theory can be applied for work related performancein terms of motivating different employee related facets as well as organizational pursuits. In this study theresearcher has attempted to assess the influence of self-efficacy on the performance of individuals at workplaceand the mechanism by which self-efficacy of an individual determines his/her work related performance andmotivation. Thus, it becomes necessary to identify the practical implications of the outcomes related toimproving employee self-efficacy in order to motivate them and improve their performance.

Jacob Cherian

2013-06-01

88

An Examination of the Biology Teachers’ Laboratory Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available This study is prepared for two basic aims: first one is to prepare a valid and reliable scale which determines laboratory selfefficacyperceptions of biology teachers and the second is to examine biology teachers’ laboratory self-efficacy perceptions from the personal characteristics points of view. The participants of this study are 126 biology teachers. In this study, to collect the data the Laboratory Self-Efficacy Scale was developed by the researcher. Frequency, arithmetic mean, t-test, factor analysis is used in evaluation of the data. At the end of the study, it was found out that laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of biology teachers are on intermediate level. In addition to this, two statically significant differences were determined between professional experience levels and laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of teachers, and betweenprofessional experience levels and laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of teachers. These differences were in favor of femaleteachers and teachers with less than 10 years experience.

Gülay EK?C?

2009-12-01

89

The German Teacher Trainers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, the aim is to identify the interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs of German teacher trainers’ in Turkey. It is a descriptive survey and the population of the study consists of German teacher trainers who have worked in the seven regions of Turkey during the 2012-2013 academic year. The sample comprises 52 German teacher trainers chosen randomly from the related population. The version of “The Teacher Interpersonal Self-efficacy Scale (TISE” which was developed by Brouwers and Tomic (2002, translated into Turkish and whose reliability and validity were determined by Çapri and Kan (2006, was used to collect data. As a result of the study, it is understood that the level of self-efficacy beliefs, particularly of more experienced male teachers, is high. Keywords: German teacher trainers, self-efficacy beliefs, interpersonal self-efficacy, teaching process

Veli Batdi

2014-08-01

90

Writing Essays: Does Self-Efficacy Matter? The Relationship between Self-Efficacy in Reading and in Writing and Undergraduate Students' Performance in Essay Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy beliefs have been identified as associated with students' academic performance. The present research assessed the relationship between two new self-efficacy scales (self-efficacy in reading [SER] and self-efficacy in writing [SEW]) and students' writing performance on a piece of assessed written coursework. Using data from first and…

Prat-Sala, Merce; Redford, Paul

2012-01-01

91

Implications from Self-Efficacy and Attribution Theories for an Understanding of Undergraduates' Motivation in a Foreign Language Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Although studies on self-efficacy and attribution have independently contributed to the motivation literature, these two constructs have rarely been considered together in the domain of foreign language learning. Here, 500 undergraduates in Spanish, German, and French courses were asked to report whether test scores represented a successful or…

Hsieh, Pei-Hsuan Peggy; Schallert, Diane L.

2008-01-01

92

Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Integration, and the Likelihood of Managerial Retention in Governmental Agencies  

Science.gov (United States)

Results based on responses from 679 managers in three governmental agencies confirmed that career-related organizational practices and relationships impacted their staying in the organization. Specifically, managers who scored higher in career decision-making self efficacy, a relatively new variable to the turnover literature, career integration,…

Peterson, Shari

2009-01-01

93

Primary teachers and primary pre-service teachers self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to compare the primary teachers and pre-service primary teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession in Turkey. Descriptive method was used in the study and the study was carried out on 180 first grade and 107 fourth grade primary pre-service teachers at the Faculty of Education in Rize University and 131 primary teachers working in the primary schools located in Çayeli (Rize district. The Attitude Scale towards Teaching Profession (Özgür, 1994 and the Turkish form of the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale (Balo?lu and Karada?, 2008 were used as data gathering instrument in the study. The study results revealed that the first grade primary pre-service teachers’ scores on the attitudes towards teaching professions were statistically higher than the scores of the fourth grade primary pre-service teachers and of the primary teachers. However, the study results indicated that the teaching self-efficacy scores of the first grade pre-service teachers were statistically lower than the teaching self-efficacy scores of the fourth grade pre-service teachers and primary teachers. On the other hand, the study results showed that females’ attitudes towards teaching profession were higher than the attitudes of their male counterparts whereas self-efficacy scores did not differentiate due to the gender of the primary pre-service teachers and primary teachers. Moreover, the study results indicated that there were not any significant correlation between the self-efficacy and attitudes scores of the pre-service teachers and primary teachers.

Cemalettin 0pek

2012-10-01

94

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed ers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as ? = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships

95

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76{+-}11.20, 90.55{+-}8.59, 80.58{+-}11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55{+-}9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as {gamma} = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships.

Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2007-06-15

96

A Survey of Correlation Infertility Self-Efficacy with Behavioral Health Scales in Infertile Women  

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Full Text Available Background: Infertility is a unique medical challenge that can have health behavioral consequence on infertile women including lack of self-esteem, depression, anxiety, fertility problem in infertile couples. The aim of this study was to evaluate correlation between self-efficacy and health behaviors scales in infertile women. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 89 infertile women with mild to moderate depression (Beck scores 10 - 47 who were recruited from Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center. All participants completed Self-efficacy Inventory (ISE and other health behavioral scales (e.g., the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, Cattle Anxiety Scale (CAS, Fertility Problem Infertility (FPI, and GHQ. Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman rho correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Variables were included in the study if they had a p-value of

Mahbobeh Faramarzi

2014-04-01

97

Impact of preconception health education on health locus of control and self-efficacy in women.  

Science.gov (United States)

The preconception period is an ideal opportunity to optimize women's health. This study of women attending premarital clinics in the Islamic Republic of Iran aimed to evaluate the impact of a health education workshop on their health locus of control and self-efficacy in physical activity. The design was a randomized controlled trial with a questionnaire before and after the intervention. At post-intervention, there were significant increases in scores of internal health locus of control and self-efficacy in the experimental group (n = 109) compared to the control group (n = 101). It was concluded that a short-term health education may empower women to adopt healthy lifestyles. PMID:20795423

Bastani, F; Hashemi, S; Bastani, N; Haghani, H

2010-04-01

98

Iranian Students' Self Efficacy and Their Language Achievements  

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Full Text Available Many studies have examined the function of self efficacy in academic achievement, though as Pajares (2000 mentioned the relation of language achievement and self efficacy has not been studied well and there has been small research in this regard. This made the researcher to investigate the relationship between Iranian students' language achievements and their self efficacy. It also studied the variations of Iranian students' self efficacy and their majors. Besides, it explores the differences between students' majors and their language achievements. 112 students from Islamic Azad University Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University Ghaemshahr Branch, and Babol University of Medical sciences were chosen for the sample of present study. In order to measure students' language proficiency, Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency (MTELP was administered. The self-efficacy questionnaire which was an adaptation of Bandura's questionnaire included 40 items with subsequent 5-point Likert-scale response choices. The result of study shows a positive relation between self efficacy and Iranian students' language proficiency. This study also found that students' major will have an effect on both language proficiency and self efficacy

Atefeh Nasrollahi

2013-10-01

99

Influence of Self-Efficacy on Compliance to Workplace Exercise  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Continuous neck and shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Physical exercise can reduce pain symptoms, but compliance to exercise is a challenge. Exercise-specific self-efficacy has been found to be a predictor of participation in preplanned exercise. Little is known about the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to workplace physical exercise. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of exercise-specific self-efficacy on compliance to specific strength exercises during working hours for laboratory technicians. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized controlled trial, including laboratory technicians from two industrial production units in Copenhagen, Denmark. The participants were randomized to supervised specific strength exercises for the neck and shoulder muscles for 20 minutes three times a week (n?=?282) or to a reference group (n?=?255). The participants answered baseline and follow-up questions regarding self-efficacy and registered all exercises in a diary. RESULTS: Overall compliance to exercises was 45 %. Compliance in company A (private sector) differed significantly between the three self-efficacy groups after 20 weeks. The odds ratio of compliance was 2.37 for moderate versus low self-efficacy, and 2.93 for high versus low self-efficacy. No significant difference was found in company B (public sector) or in the intervention group as a whole. CONCLUSION: We did not find self-efficacy to be a general statistically significant predictor of compliance to exercises during 20 weeks, but found self-efficacy to be a predictor of compliance in a private sector setting. Workplace-specific differences might be present and should be taken into account.

Pedersen, Mette Merete; Zebis, Mette Kreutzfeldt

2013-01-01

100

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Breastfeeding, Tehran, Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Breastfeeding is the most cost-effective, health-promoting, and disease-preventing activity that new mothers can perform. Many researches have focused on identifying factors that influence breastfeeding initiation and duration. An important and modifiable factor is the perceived self-efficacy of mothers for breast feedings. It refers to a mother's perceived ability to breastfeed her newborn; and is a dominant variable in the duration of breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between self-efficacy and breastfeeding. Methods & Materials: A descriptive, longitudinal, analytic approach was used in this study. The three-part questionnaire was administered to the eligible pregnant women (437 pregnant women who were at least in 37 weeks of gestation and intended to breastfeed. They were then contacted again at one and four months postpartum to determine their infants' feeding level and method. The questionnaire was re-administered to the participants at that time. Results: The results showed that 80.4 percent of participants had exclusive breastfeeding during one month. There was no significant relationship between antenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy and the breastfeeding. The self-efficacy was significantly related to breastfeeding outcomes at one month. Mothers with high self-efficacy were significantly more likely to breastfed their babies exclusively at one and four months postpartum than the mothers with low self-efficacy. Conclusion: Maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy is significantly related to breastfeeding duration and level. Measuring breastfeeding self-efficacy not only identifies high risk mothers, but also provides important information to health care providers in providing support to new mothers.   Key words: breastfeeding, pregnant women, self-efficacy

Sh Varaei (MSc.

2009-10-01

101

Self-efficacy and smoking cessation: a meta-analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

According to relapse models, self-efficacy (SE), or confidence in one's ability to abstain, should predict the outcome of an attempt to quit smoking. We reviewed 54 studies that prospectively examined this relationship. The relationship between SE and future smoking depended upon the population studied and the timing of the SE assessment. The relationship between SE and future smoking was modest when SE was assessed prior to a quit attempt; SE scores were .21 standard deviation units (SD) higher for those not smoking at follow-up than for those who were smoking. The relationship was stronger (.47 SD) when SE was assessed post-quit. However, this effect was diminished when only abstainers at the time of the SE assessment were included in analysis (.28 SD). Controlling for smoking status at the time of SE assessment substantially reduced the relationship between SE and future smoking. Although SE has a reliable association with future abstinence, it is less robust than expected. Many studies may overestimate the relationship by failing to appropriately control for smoking behavior at the time of the SE assessment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:19290690

Gwaltney, Chad J; Metrik, Jane; Kahler, Christopher W; Shiffman, Saul

2009-03-01

102

Science self-efficacy of African American middle school students: Relationship to motivation self-beliefs, achievement, gender, and gender orientation  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation researchers have established that students' self-efficacy beliefs, the confidence they have in their academic capabilities, are related to academic outcomes. Self-efficacy has been amply researched in mathematics and language arts and nearly exclusively with White students. African American students and the area of science have each received scant attention. Typically, gender differences favor boys in mathematics and girls in language arts. Researchers have also found that these differences may be a function of gender orientation beliefs. The purpose of this study was to extend findings in science self-efficacy and to African American middle school students. I sought to determine whether self-efficacy assessed at differing levels of specificity (lab skills versus science grades) would each predict science achievement assessed at corresponding levels, to discover whether mean scores in academic motivation and achievement would differ by gender, and to determine whether these differences are a function of gender orientation (N = 268). Science grade self-efficacy was positively associated with the grades obtained by boys and by girls. For girls, grades were also associated positively with science self-concept and negatively with value of science. For reasons resulting from problematic instructional practices, lab skills self-efficacy was not associated with lab grades. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy and received higher grades in science class. Gender orientation beliefs did not account for these differences, but masculinity and femininity were each associated with science grade self-efficacy, suggesting that androgyny is an adaptive orientation for the science self-efficacy beliefs of African American students. Findings are interpreted within the framework of A. Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari Lynn

103

Self-Efficacy in Social Work: Development and Initial Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Social Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-efficacy beliefs do not reflect a generic sense of competence, but are instead context-specific. Therefore, self-efficacy should be assessed by using an ad hoc scale measuring individual behaviors that allows social workers to exercise influence over events that affect their work life. The present study describes the development and initial validation of the self-efficacy scale for social workers (SESSW. Items were generated through the Critical Incident Technique. Sixteen social workers with at least 10 years of service participated in two focus groups; they were asked to recall critical incidents in their work and to indicate the most effective behaviors to manage the incidents. Content analysis of the focus group transcripts provided 13 key self-efficacy beliefs. The 13-item scale was validated with a sample of 805 social workers. Data were analyzed using a split-sample technique. Exploratory factor analysis on the first split sample (n = 402 revealed three dimensions of self-efficacy, corresponding to emotion regulation, support request, and procedural self-efficacy. The three-factor structure of the scale was further confirmed with confirmatory factor analysis on the second split sample (n = 403. Our results show that SESSW is an adequate instrument for assessment of self-efficacy beliefs in social work.

Monica Pedrazza

2013-09-01

104

Assessment of self-efficacy levels of Toros University students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the self-efficacy levels of Toros University students according to some demographic characteristics between 2012-2013 academic year. The sample group includes 325 students studying in different departments in Toros University. Besides the questionnaire that contains demographic information, the self-efficacy scale was used in order to gather the data. The scale was developed Y?ld?r?m and ?lhan (2010. One way ANOVA for more than two groups and t test analysis were used. The results showed that there was not any significant difference for self-efficacy levels of students according to their gender, age and families’ income level (p>0.05. As a result it could be said that self-efficacy levels of students did not differ according to the demographic variables which were examined in this research.

Zafer Bekiro?ullar?

2013-10-01

105

Impact of Self Efficacy on Motivation and Performance of Employees  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to perform a meta-analysis which analyses the individual research findings which pertainto the relationship between self-efficacy, employee motivation and work related performance of the employee.From the results of the study it is observed that self-efficacy theory can be applied for work related performancein terms of motivating different employee related facets as well as organizational pursuits. In this study theresearcher has attempted ...

Jacob Cherian; Jolly Jacob

2013-01-01

106

Assessment of self-efficacy levels of Toros University students  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed to examine the self-efficacy levels of Toros University students according to some demographic characteristics between 2012-2013 academic year. The sample group includes 325 students studying in different departments in Toros University. Besides the questionnaire that contains demographic information, the self-efficacy scale was used in order to gather the data. The scale was developed Y?ld?r?m and ?lhan (2010). One way ANOVA for more than two groups and t test analysis ...

Zafer Bekiro?ullar?; ?hsan Sar?; Mehmet Miman; Erol Türedi

2013-01-01

107

Teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Self-Efficacies  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to determine teachers’ views on technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK), their self-efficacy, and whether these views changed according to sex, age, period of service, faculty graduated from, branch, access to the internet, the use of technology level, and access to in-service training which is oriented to the use of technology. Teachers’ self-efficacies which are oriented to TPACK and its sub-dimensions known as technological knowledge (TK), conte...

Ibrahim Yasar Kazu; P?nar Erten

2014-01-01

108

Self-efficacy and HIV-related risk behaviors among multiethnic adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

A cross-sectional correlational design was used to investigate (a) self-efficacy and risk behaviors related to HIV; (b) the comparative predictiveness of self-efficacy and knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding sexual activity and substance use; and (c) possible risk profiles for HIV among adolescents. High school students (N = 427), ranging in age from 12 to 20 years and attending Family Life Education classes in Alameda, California, volunteered to complete a self-administered questionnaire, resulting in a 73% response rate. Ethnic representation included African American, Chinese, Filipino, other Asian/Pacific Islander, Latino, and European American. Over half of this sample of teens were sexually active by the age of 14, with sexually active teens and substance-using teens scoring higher on HIV knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding HIV-related behaviors. Ethnicity consistently appeared more significant in predicting these risk behaviors than gender, self-efficacy, and knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. The predominance of ethnicity as the predictor for these HIV risk behaviors indicates that theoretical models for behavior change must include a dimension of culture, diversity, and ethnic identity. PMID:10975166

Faryna, E L; Morales, E

2000-02-01

109

Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' : translation and psychometric properties  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; 26; 615-623 Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale': translation and psychometric properties The aim of the study was to translate 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' (CSES) into Danish and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Danish version (CSES-DK). CSES enables assessment of self-efficacy in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The scale consists of 34 items, describing situations which may cause dyspnoea in patients with COPD. The CSES was translated into Danish using a standard forward-backward translation procedure. To estimate the reliability, measurements of internal consistency and repeatability were applied. The validity of the Danish version was evaluated by examining the associations between the CSES-DK score and socio-demographic variables (age, gender, education, disease severity and self-rated health). Factor analysis was conducted to compare the internal structure of the Danish version and the American source version. The studyincluded 151 patients with COPD, recruited from three outpatient clinics. Estimates of reliability were in accordance with the original version of CSES (Cronbach's a = 0.97, test-retest r = 0.82, p

Emme, Christina; Mortensen, Erik L

2012-01-01

110

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

Serap Bulduk

2008-09-01

111

Malay Secondary School Students’ Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Descriptive Study  

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Full Text Available As the influential factors affecting intention to become an entrepreneur, entrepreneurial attitude orientation and self-efficacy of students have been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship research. However, there is not enough information on secondary school students’ attitude toward and efficacy of entrepreneurship particularly, in Malaysia. Through a descriptive approach, this study aimed to determine entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in order to evaluate the entrepreneurship inclination and potential among Malaysian secondary school students. A sample of 2,574 students was randomly selected from three states around Malaysia as the participants of this study. A set of questionnaire was developed based on previous researches to measure students’ entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy. The findings indicate that Malay students have a moderately high attitude toward entrepreneurship. More specifically, the students scored high in self-esteem cognition and achievement cognition but low in self-esteem behavior and self-esteem affect. Moreover, the students perceived themselves as moderately capable of establishing new ventures. The implication of the findings and areas for future researches are discussed.

Z.A. Lope Pihie

2011-01-01

112

Exercise behavior among female occupational health nurses. Influence of self efficacy, perceived health control, and age.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical fitness of the American worker is a core element of personal good health and a key factor in corporate cost containment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention specifically notes that health professionals should be physically active not only to benefit their own health but also to make more credible their endorsement of an active lifestyle. Guided by Pender's Health Promotion Model, this study gives a profile of the current status of exercise behaviors, physical self efficacy, and perceived health control among a sample of occupational health nurses. Surveys were mailed to a random sample of 300 female members from a midwestern state association of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses. The mean exercise score was 30.7 MET hours per week, with walking the activity most often selected. Physical self efficacy was a significant positive predictor of exercise practice, while age exerted a significant inverse effect on exercise. The study findings may be used to stimulate discussion among occupational health nurses about how their own physical self efficacy and perceived health control may influence their exercise behaviors, and how in turn these beliefs and exercise practices may influence their decisions about promoting exercise programs at their workplaces. PMID:11760269

Piazza, J; Conrad, K; Wilbur, J

2001-02-01

113

Anxiety, Self Efficacy Expectation and Social Support in Patients after Coronary Angioplasty and Coronary Bypass  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nBackground: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG and precutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI are safe and effective in the treatment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine and compare anxi­ety, self efficacy expectation and perceived social support between CABG patients and PCI patients referral to receiving car­diac rehabilitation programs."nMethods: In this descriptive- analytical study 150 patients with CABG and PCI were selected. The Spilberger state trait anxi­ety inventory, general self efficacy scale and perceived social support scale three instruments for collecting data in the pre­sent study."nResults: PCI patients as compared to CABG patients experience higher anxiety (P= 0.02 and lower perceived social sup­port (P= 0.02. Self efficacy score in the PCI patients was higher than CABG patients (P= 0.01."nConclusion: It is necessary to be more considerate to psychological problems in the PCI patients.

T Dehdari

2008-12-01

114

Investigation of the effect of self-efficacy levels of caregiver family members of the individuals with schizophrenia on burden of care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sixty-two individuals with schizophrenia and their families were part of a descriptive study that investigated the effect of self-efficacy levels on the burden of care, using family member caregivers of schizophrenia patients. Data were collected using a questionnaire on the descriptive characteristics of patients and their families, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. The results for caregivers indicated a total mean self-efficacy score of 76.4±17.76 and a total mean of burden of care score of 68.64±18.60. A negative significant relation was discovered by looking at the correlation between the total mean scores (r=-.260, pcaregiver family members. PMID:25017564

Durmaz, Hatice; Okanl?, Ay?e

2014-08-01

115

Self-efficacy and fear avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain patients: coexistence and associated factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

A cross sectional study was conducted with the objective to assess the coexistence of self-efficacy and fear avoidance beliefs and establish the associated factors. Data collection was performed (215 individuals with lower back pain at three health services and two industries). The following instruments were used: Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, Beck's Depression Inventory, Piper's Fatigue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index, and the Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale. Wilks' lambda test was performed, followed by MANOVA model to assess the effect of self-efficacy beliefs and fear avoidance on independent variables. Most subjects were women (65.1%), 45 years of age or younger (50.7%), with a family income between $450 and $1,350 per month (49.3%). Depression was present in 21.4%, fatigue in 29.3%, and disability in 68%. The average (standard deviation) of self-efficacy was 180.8 (60.4), and fear avoidance was 42.0 (11.5). A significant negative correlation was observed between the total score of both beliefs. The Wilks' lambda test showed that gender, income, depression, disability, and fatigue were significant and were included in the model. In the Manova analysis, low self-efficacy was associated with lower income, fatigue, depression, and level of disability (p < .001). High fear avoidance was associated to the male gender, lower income, depression, and level of disability (p < .001). The analysis of the confidence areas showed that a reduced self-efficacy and increased fear avoidance are related to an increased level of disability (p < .001). Specific intervention strategies must be implemented change these beliefs. PMID:23891180

de Moraes Vieira, Erica Brandão; de Góes Salvetti, Marina; Damiani, Lucas Petri; de Mattos Pimenta, Cibele Andrucioli

2014-09-01

116

Who Cares about Others?: Empathic Self-Efficacy as an Antecedent to Prosocial Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies tested associations among self-efficacy and prosocial behavior. In Study 1 we measured academic self-efficacy, emotional self-efficacy and self-reported prosocial behavior. The study showed that academic but not emotional self-efficacy was positively correlated with prosocial behavior. Study 1 included only self-oriented emotions, and…

Eklund, Jakob; Loeb, Carina; Hansen, Eric M.; Andersson-Wallin, Ann-Charlotte

2012-01-01

117

Writing Self-Efficacy in Young Children: Issues for the Early Grades Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

The intent of this study was to examine young children's perceptions of writing self-efficacy (Grades K-1). Most research studies find a significant relationship between self-efficacy and achievement in older students (Grades 4-16). Research has also shown that children are affected by personal perceived self-efficacy. Therefore, self-efficacy can…

Kim, Jin-Ah; Lorsbach, Anthony W.

2005-01-01

118

20 The Tools - 01 About the Tools - TfLN Tools Rationale: Self-Efficacy (Self-Efficacy)  

OpenAIRE

Rationale behind 'self-efficacy' research in the TFLN: An important aspect of the pedagogy program being carried out at the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, is assessment of the impact of evidence-based development of small-group teaching practices. To this end, a range of assessments which span academic achievement, attitudes to specific supervision practices and also the self-efficacy beliefs of students, will be compared before and after implementation of these changes.

TfLN-Transforming Perspectives project

2007-01-01

119

Self-Efficacy and Postpartum Depression Teaching Behaviors of Hospital-Based Perinatal Nurses  

OpenAIRE

Based upon the Self-Efficacy Theory, this study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, self-efficacy-related variables, and postpartum depression teaching behaviors of hospital-based perinatal nurses. Findings revealed that teaching new mothers about postpartum depression is related to a perinatal nurse's self-efficacy in postpartum-depression teaching, self-esteem, and the following self-efficacy-related variables: social persuasion (supervisor's expectations for teaching); mastery...

Logsdon, M. Cynthia; Foltz, Melissa Pinto; Scheetz, James; Myers, John A.

2010-01-01

120

Understanding women's self-efficacy beliefs and career choices in chemistry  

OpenAIRE

This study identified the factors and experiences that contribute to the development of women's self-efficacy beliefs in chemistry; how women's self-efficacy beliefs contribute to their education and career decisions; and how women's self-efficacy beliefs in science and chemistry change over time. This was accomplished through a comparison of self-efficacy beliefs among female chemistry graduate and undergraduate students. Data collection included a self-efficacy survey and three in-depth int...

Grunert, Megan L.

2008-01-01

121

Research and Teaching: Engaging Students - An Examination of the Effects of Teaching Strategies on Self-Efficacy and Course Climate in a Nonmajors Physics Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the success of self-efficacy theory for predicting student success in scientific study, and the demonstrated effect that teaching approaches have on student self-efficacy in majors courses, the purpose of this study is to ask if similar relationships between pedagogy and self-efficacy exist in introductory science courses for non-physical science majors. In particular, this study proposes to identify which, if any, teaching approaches affect student self-efficacy in physics, and to identify the sources of efficacy through which those pedagogies have their effect. An additional goal of the study is to probe the relationship among teaching approaches, course climate, and student confidence. A three-part student survey instrument was developed to gather information about the course, physics self-efficacy, and demographics. Demographic information included math background, ACT score, GPA, race/ethnicity, age, sex, and major. Question and answer, collaborative learning, conceptual problems, electronic applications, and inquiry labs were found to make significant, unique contributions to self-efficacy and/or classroom climate.

Fencl, Heidi S.; Scheel, Karen R.

2012-01-20

122

Arthritis Self-Efficacy and Self-Efficacy for Resisting Eating: Relationships to Pain, Disability, and Eating Behavior in Overweight and Obese Individuals with Osteoarthritic Knee Pain  

OpenAIRE

This study examined arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating as predictors of pain, disability, and eating behaviors in overweight or obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Patients (N=174) with a body mass index between 25 and 42 completed measures of arthritis-related self-efficacy, weight-related self-efficacy, pain, physical disability, psychological disability, overeating, and demographic and medical information. Hierarchical linear regression analyses...

Pells, Jennifer J.; Shelby, Rebecca A.; Keefe, Francis J.; Dixon, Kim E.; Blumenthal, James A.; Lacaille, Lara; Tucker, Jessica M.; Schmitt, Daniel; Caldwell, David S.; Kraus, Virginia B.

2008-01-01

123

The effect of self-talk in learning the volleyball service skill and self-efficacy improvement.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study the effect of self-talk on learning the volleyball service skill was examined and also the self-efficacy improvement. Participants were 57 female players 13 years old (mean age =12.83, SD=0.97 with two years experience (?=1.99, SD=0.67. Prior to the beginning of the program, participants were randomly assigned into two groups: a. the instructional self-talk group (ISTG, n = 28 and b. the control (traditional group (CG, n = 29. All athletes followed a four-week practice program, aiming at overhand service skill learning and self-efficacy improvement. The program consisted of two practice units (60 min per week. Participants of ISTG were taught to use the self-talk (for technique loud before they performed the service drills. The control group received traditional feedback, that is, knowledge of performance and knowledge of results provided by the instructor. Service performance was assessed by videotaped evaluations in five basic elements of skill. There were three measurement periods for field test: pre-, post- and retention tests (one week after post-test. ANOVA repeated measures revealed significant interaction between groups and measures. There was also significant interaction between groups and self-efficacy scores. The results indicated that participants of the ISTG had better scores in the final measurement than the control group, when technique was evaluated and improved also their self-efficacy. In conclusion the Self-talk helps female volleyball athletes to improve performance and learning of overhand service skill and to improve also their self-efficacy. This study adds some useful elements to practitioners and how they used self-talk in the practice.

Eleni Zetou

2013-02-01

124

Comparación intergeneracional del machismo sexual y conductas de autoeficacia / Intergenerational Comparison of Sexual Machismo and Self-efficacy Behaviors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presente investigación tomó como marco de referencia la teoría de la autoeficacia de Bandura, la clasificación en cuatro grupos generacionales (silenciosos, baby boomers, X, milenio) con base en los planteamientos de Bickel y Brown, (2005); Sánchez (2008), así como la definición de machismo de Ca [...] stañeda (2002, 2007). Lo anterior para dar respuesta a los objetivos de evaluar diferencias entre grupos generacionales en las variables autoeficacia en el uso del condón, autoeficacia para evitar conductas de riesgo y machismo, y establecer las diferencias dentro de cada grupo generacional. Se evaluó a un total de 565 personas. Los principales resultados reflejan que las variables de autoeficacia muestran un mayor puntaje conforme avanzan las generaciones, observando que las generaciones más jóvenes presentan mayor autoeficacia. En cuanto al machismo, se encontró nivel equivalente entre la generación milenio y la X, así como entre la generación milenio y los baby boomers. Se discuten los resultados en su utilidad para establecer programas de prevención. Abstract in english This research took as a framework the self-efficacy theory of Bandura, the classification into four generational groups (Silent, Baby-Boomers, X and Millennium)based on the approach of Bickel and Brown, (2005); Sanchez (2008), and others cited by them; and the definition of machismo by Castañeda (20 [...] 02, 2007). This in order to respond to the proposed objectives of find differences between generational groups on self-efficacy in condom use, self-efficacy to avoid risky behaviors and machismo, and establish differences within each age group. The analysis was made with 565 persons. The main result show that self-efficacy variables show a higher score as the generation progress, noting that younger generations have higher self-efficacy. As for sexism, equivalent score was found between Millennium and X generation and among the Millennium and Baby-Boomers. Results are discussed in its utility to establish prevention programs.

Cecilia Lourdes, Díaz-Rodríguez; Mónica Teresa, González Ramírez.

2012-08-01

125

Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fear of falling (FOF is common in Parkinson's disease (PD, and it is considered a vital aspect of comprehensive balance assessment in PD. FOF can be conceptualized differently. The Falls-Efficacy Scale (FES assesses fall-related self-efficacy, whereas the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE assesses activity avoidance due to the risk of falling. This study aimed at investigating the validity and reliability of FES and SAFFE in people with PD. Methods Seventy-nine people with PD (mean age; 64 years, SD 7.2 completed the Swedish version of FES(S, SAFFE and the physical functioning (PF scale of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. FES(S and SAFFE were administered twice, with an 8.8 (SD 2.3 days interval. Assumptions for summing item scores into total scores were examined and score reliability (Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability were calculated. Construct validity was assessed by examining the pattern of Spearman correlations (rs between the FES(S/SAFFE and other variables, and by examining differences in FES(S/SAFFE scores between fallers and non-fallers, genders, and between those reporting FOF and unsteadiness while turning. Results For both scales, item mean scores (and standard deviations were roughly similar and corrected item-total correlations exceeded 0.4. Reliabilities were ?0.87. FES(S-scores correlated strongest (rs, -0.74, p s, -0.76, p s ? 0.08. Experiencing falls, unsteadiness while turning, and FOF was associated with lower fall-related self-efficacy and higher activity avoidance. Conclusions This study provides initial support for the score reliability and validity of the FES(S and SAFFE in people with PD.

Drake Anna-Maria

2010-10-01

126

The Relation among Candidate Teachers' Computer Self-Efficacies, Attitudes towards the Internet and Achievements in a Computer Course  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among computer self efficacy perception level and attitude towards the Internet with achievement of candidate teachers. Candidate teachers studying in educational faculties are chosen for the universe. The sample determined by appropriate sampling method includes total 342 candidate teachers, 34.80 % (n=119 from Cyprus International University (CIU, 38.30 % (n=131 from Adnan Menderes University (ADU and 26.90 % (n=92 from Istanbul University (IU. The data were collected through Perception of Computer Self Efficacy Scale, developed by A?kar ve Umay (2001, and Attitude Towards Internet Scale developed by Tav?anc?l and Keser (2001. In addition to these scales, candidate teachers’ achievement scores were obtained from student affairs. For the analysis of the data frequency, mean, t-test, F-test (ANOVA, and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient were used. Significance level was taken as .05. As a result, it was found that the university in which the students studied is effective on computer self-efficacy, attitude towards the Internet and achievement in computer course. Gender is effective only on achievement in computer course. Also, it was determined that there is a significant correlation among computer self-efficacy, attitude towards the Internet and achievement in computer course.

Asuman Seda SARACALO?LU2

2010-12-01

127

Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

128

Assessing Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy in Three Countries  

OpenAIRE

The Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy (RESE) scale was developed to assess perceived self-efficacy in managing negative (NEG) and in expressing positive (POS) affect (G. V. Caprara & M. Gerbino, 2001). In this study of young adults, the factorial structure of the RESE scale was found to be similar in Italy, the United States, and Bolivia: In addition to a factor for POS, NEG was represented by a second-order factor of 2 different negative affects: despondency-distress (DES) and anger-irritat...

Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Di Giunta, Laura; Eisenberg, Nancy; Gerbino, Maria; Pastorelli, Concetta; Tramontano, Carlo

2008-01-01

129

English Language Teachers’ Knowledge and their Self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available The present research aims at exploring the relationship between novice English teachers' knowledge and their self-efficacy. A teacher knowledge test and an efficacy questionnaire were administered to 55 novice English teachers. The data were gathered from male and female novice teachers teaching at language institutes in Tehran with ages between 20 and 25. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between English Teachers Knowledge Test (TKT and their self-efficacy. The results are discussed in the light of previous findings.

Azadeh Zakeri

2011-03-01

130

Peculiarities of ?areer Self-efficacy of Young Basketball Players  

OpenAIRE

This study is focused on career self-efficacy of young (15–16 and 17–18 years old) basketball players. The total number of participants was 116 basketball players, aged 15–16 and 108, aged 17–18. The questionnaire method (Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale) was used in the study. It has found that career of young basketball players, aged 17–18 if compared to the ones, aged 15–16 (p <0.05) is chiefly based on the vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, positive emotional arousal ...

Malinauskas, Romualdas K.; Brusokas, Andrius K.; Gudonis, Vytautas P.

2012-01-01

131

Effect of resistance training on body composition, self-efficacy, depression, and activity in postpartum women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the effect of resistance training (RT) in 60 healthy postpartum women. Participants were randomized to 18 weeks of RT or an active comparison group (flexibility training). RT and flexibility training (FT) exercises were completed twice-weekly based on the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. Study outcomes included muscular strength, body composition (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), exercise self-efficacy, depressive symptoms [Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)], and physical activity (accelerometery). For completers (n = 44), the RT group showed greater strength gains than the FT group, respectively (bench press: +36% vs +8%, P CES-D score, the RT group decreased (F = 4.61, P = 0.016), while the FT group did not; however, the group × time interaction in CES-D score was not significant (F = 1.33, P = 0.255). Sedentary time decreased (F = 5.27, P = 0.027) and light-intensity activity time increased (F = 5.55, P = 0.023) more in the RT than FT group. Intent-to-treat analyses did not alter the results. Twice-weekly RT increases strength and may be associated with better exercise self-efficacy and improved physical activity outcomes compared with FT in postpartum women. PMID:22738284

LeCheminant, J D; Hinman, T; Pratt, K B; Earl, N; Bailey, B W; Thackeray, R; Tucker, L A

2014-04-01

132

“Mismatching Perspectives and Pacific Transculturality  

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Full Text Available Increased critical consciousness and awareness of interculturality in a global and glocal context at the beginning of the twenty - first century has increasingly used the concept of transculturation when discussing modernities. Politically transculturation can be used to describe processes of negotiation in contemporary society that lead to social awareness and solidarity, as well as ensuring the continuity of societies. The fusing of cultural forms leads to a mismatching of perspectives, hence some critics have preferred to use the terms translation and/or transliteracy to describe this concept. Transculturation is related to the “normal processes of artistic borrowing and influence, by which any cul ture makes part of its contribution to the conversation of mankind,” as Les Murray maintained, and “it engages multiple lines of difference simultaneous ly” with overlapping boundaries (Rogers 491. Referring to various authors and linking it to cultural ap propriation and border crossings, this article examines how the narrative expression of Both Sides of the Moon, to cite the title of Alan Duff’s book, is a key feature of Pacific writing, in an area where centuries of migration from near and far have expos ed different cultures to each other on social, political, linguistic and aesthetic levels. These ‘contact zones’, to use Mary Pratt’s words, provide the reader with constantly moving translated identities, cultural hybridity and a use of language that has a highly local significance in a global context.

Anne Holden Rønning

2013-01-01

133

Cultivating Self-Efficacy in Adolescent Mothers: A Collaborative Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes flexibly funded, adolescent parent support program, situated in self-efficacy theory that coordinates an array of services. Optimal development of teen parents and their children is promoted. The effect of expectations on outcomes is discussed from research and theory. Program components and agreements are presented; funding is…

Griffin, Nancy C.

1998-01-01

134

Self-Efficacy and Marijuana Cessation: A Construct Validity Analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines possible relationships between self-efficacy for avoiding marijuana use and theoretically related measures in a sample of 161 men and 51 women who sought marijuana cessation treatments. Predictive validity was stronger for frequency of posttreatment use than for abstinence status. Discusses the need for better assessment of the efficacy…

Stephens, Robert S.; And Others

1995-01-01

135

Positive Exercise Experience Facilitates Behavior Change via Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose. Motivational processes can be set in motion when positive consequences of physical exercise are experienced. However, relationships between positive exercise experience and determinants of the motivational and the volitional phases of exercise change have attracted only sparse attention in research. Method. This research examines direct and indirect associations between positive experience and motivational as well as volitional self-efficacy, intention, action planning, and exercise in two distinct longitudinal samples. The first one originates from an online observational study in the general population with three measurement points in time (N = 350) and the second one from a clinical intervention study in a rehabilitation context with four measurement points (N = 275). Results. Structural equation modeling revealed the following: Positive experience is directly related with motivational self-efficacy as well as intentions in both samples. In the online sample only, positive experience is associated with volitional self-efficacy. In each sample, experience is indirectly associated with action planning via motivational self-efficacy and intentions. Moreover, action planning, in turn, predicts changes in physical exercise levels. Conclusions. Findings suggest a more prominent role of positive experience in the motivational than in the volitional phase of physical exercise change. Thus, this research contributes to the understanding of how positive experience is involved in the behavior change process. PMID:24722218

Parschau, Linda; Fleig, Lena; Warner, Lisa Marie; Pomp, Sarah; Barz, Milena; Knoll, Nina; Schwarzer, Ralf; Lippke, Sonia

2014-04-10

136

The role of coaching and self-efficacy  

OpenAIRE

Increasingly companies seek to enhance employee entrepreneurial behaviour. In this study we explore how coaching first reduces role conflicts associated with acting entrepreneurial and at the same time improving efficiency and reducing failure and secondly increases the entrepreneurial self-efficacy of employees. Building on previous conceptual and empirical studies on intrapreneurship, social psychology and human resource management we formulate several hypotheses concerning t...

Wakkee, Ingrid; Elfring, Tom; Monaghan, Sylvia

2008-01-01

137

Factors Affecting Students' Self-Efficacy in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers working in educational settings are increasingly paying attention to the role students' thoughts and beliefs play in the learning process. Self-efficacy, a key element of social cognitive theory, appears to be an important variable because it affects students' motivation and learning. This article investigates empirical literature…

van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien

2011-01-01

138

A Gender Study Investigating Physics Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The underrepresentation of women in physics has been well documented and a source of concern for both policy makers and educators. My dissertation focuses on understanding the role self-efficacy plays in retaining students, particularly women, in introductory physics. I use an explanatory mixed methods approach to first investigate quantitatively…

Sawtelle, Vashti

2011-01-01

139

College Student Disposition and Academic Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Dispositional optimism is an adopted orientation in which one believes that goals will generally be attained and that tasks can generally be successfully completed, whereas pessimists orient toward less belief in successful task or goal completion. A related concept, individuals with high self-efficacy believe they will be successful at particular…

Conner, Timothy W., II; Skidmore, Ronald L.; Aagaard, Lola

2012-01-01

140

The Relationship between Computer Anxiety and Computer Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy of students and teachers in elementary and secondary schools. The sample included a total of 845 subjects from two private school systems in Turkey. The Oetting's Computer Anxiety Scale was used to measure computer anxiety whereas the Murphy's Computer…

Simsek, Ali

2011-01-01

141

Reading and Writing Self-Efficacy of Incarcerated Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is the first to examine the Reading and Writing Self-Efficacy Scale among incarcerated adults. The aim was to examine whether performance of reading and spelling tests (Reading Speed, Nonsense Words and Spelling) explained individual differences in the participants' efficacy beliefs in reading and writing. Six hundred subjects rated…

Jones, Lise Oen; Varberg, Jeanette; Manger, Terje; Eikeland, Ole-Johan; Asbjornsen, Arve

2012-01-01

142

Exploring Factors Related to Preschool Teachers' Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how teacher (teaching experience, perceptions of teacher collaboration and teacher influence) and classroom (children's engagement) characteristics predicted teacher self-efficacy for 48 preschool teachers in the U.S. Results showed a significant interaction effect between teachers' perceptions of collaboration and children's…

Guo, Ying; Justice, Laura M.; Sawyer, Brook; Tompkins, Virginia

2011-01-01

143

Can Process Portfolios Affect Students' Writing Self-Efficacy?  

Science.gov (United States)

Can process portfolios that support students in goal setting, reflection, self-evaluation and feedback have a positive impact on students' writing self-efficacy? This article presents the findings of a yearlong study conducted in three 4th grade elementary classes in Cyprus where paper-based and web-based portfolios were implemented to help…

Nicolaidou, Iolie

2012-01-01

144

Multidimensional Self-Efficacy and Affect in Wheelchair Basketball Players  

Science.gov (United States)

In the current study, variables grounded in social cognitive theory with athletes with disabilities were examined. Performance, training, resiliency, and thought control self-efficacy, and positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect were examined with wheelchair basketball athletes (N = 79). Consistent with social cognitive theory, weak to strong…

Martin, Jeffrey J.

2008-01-01

145

Career Self-Efficacy Theory: Back to the Future  

Science.gov (United States)

This article begins by reviewing the scientific origins of research on career self-efficacy, highlighting its original development as a means of understanding the career development of women and discussing its development through the years into what is now, along with its extension as social cognitive career theory, a widely applicable major…

Betz, Nancy E.; Hackett, Gail

2006-01-01

146

Prediction of Research Self-Efficacy and Future Research Involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although graduate programs hope that their students will be committed to research in their careers, most students express ambivalence towards research. Identifying the variables that predict involvement in research thus seems crucial. In this study 136 doctoral students from a wide range of disciplines completed the Research Self-Efficacy Scale…

Bishop, Rosean M.; And Others

147

The effect of site-based preservice experiences on elementary science teaching self-efficacy beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

Current reform in science education has focused on the need for improvement of preservice teacher training (National Science Education Standards, 1996). As a situation specific construct (Bandura, 1977), self-efficacy studies have been conducted to investigate factors that impact preservice teachers' sense of confidence as it relates to their ability to become successful science teachers. This descriptive study identified factors in the site based experiences that affected preservice elementary teachers' self-efficacy as measured by the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBL-B) (Enochs and Riggs, 1990). The sample consisted of the entire population of undergraduate elementary preservice teachers in the site based teacher education program during the fall semester of 1997 at a large south central urban university. The 131 paired, pretest posttests of the entire STEBL-B and the two constructs were analyzed for significance in mean score gains. Results of the paired t test yielded a t value of 11.52 which was significant at p statistically significant at p educators is that this specific affective dimension can be significantly enhanced. The site based program can provide the four factors Bandura identified as sources of information used to determine self-efficacy. These include performance accomplishments through authentic teaching experiences, vicarious experiences through observation of the site based teachers, and verbal persuasion and physiological states from feedback given by the university coordinators. The majority of these preservice teachers started the semester with a negative attitude toward teaching science, but ended the semester with a positive view of themselves as effective science teachers in the future.

Wingfield, Mary E.

148

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHING COMPETENCE AND TECHER SELF EFFICACY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The present investigation was undertaken to study the Teaching Competence of secondary school Teachers in relation to self efficacy of secondary school teachers. Sex, type of family, qualification, locality of the school and type and size of school were considered as background variables to study their effect on the teaching competence of secondary school teachers. The researcher had selected 425 Teachers in government, aided and private secondary schools giving representation to sex, type of school management. Teaching Competence Scale, based on the 'Core Teaching Skills' Published by NCERT, developed Mary Noya Leena( 2010 and the Self Efficay Scale developed by Mrs. Masooda Jamal and Dr. Haseen Taj were used as tools. In order to visualize the nature of the score of distribution of the data collected, numerical determinants like Mean, SD were worked out, Pearson's product moment correlation was applied to find out the relationship between Teaching Competence and Teacher Self Efficacy of secondary school Teachers and 't' test was applied to find out the significant difference between different variables. The study found that there is a positive significant relationship between Teaching Competence of secondary school Teachers and the Self Efficacy of secondary school Teachers (and also the study found that there is a significant difference in the Teaching Competence of males and female Teachers of secondary schools; it is further revealed that type of family was found to have a significant effect on the teaching competence of the secondary school teachers whereas the locality of the school and the qualification of the teachers did not found to have any effect on the teaching competence of secondary school teachers.

HASEEN TAJ

2013-05-01

149

SELF-EFFICACY OF FORMALLY AND NON-FORMALLY TRAINED PUBLIC SECTOR TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to compare the formally and non-formally trained in-service public sector teachers’ Self-efficacy. Five hypotheses were developed describing no difference in the self-efficacy of formally and non-formally trained teachers to influence decision making, influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and create positive school climate. Teacher Efficacy Instrument (TSES developed by Bandura (2001 consisting of thirty 9-point items was used in the study. 342 formally trained and 255 non-formally trained respondents’ questionnaires were received out of 1500 mailed. The analysis of data revealed that the formally trained public sector teachers are high in their self-efficacy on all the five categories: to influence decision making, to influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and self-efficacy to create positive school climate.

Muhammad Nadeem ANWAR

2009-07-01

150

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

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Full Text Available This study explores the relationship between Iranian EFL juniors’ self-efficacy beliefs and their employed vocabulary learning strategies. The participants were 50 juniors studying English Translation at University of Sistan & Baluchestan. The self-efficacy and vocabulary learning strategies questionnaires were administered to identify the students’ self-efficacy beliefs and their vocabulary learning strategies. The obtained results revealed that students had rather high level of self-efficacy and that self-efficacy was significantly positively related to their use of the four subcategories of vocabulary learning strategies in general and the use of memory strategies in particular. Highly self-efficacious students reported significantly more use of vocabulary strategies than those with low self-efficacy. The results point out the importance of nurturing learners’ self-efficacy beliefs and its impact on successful learning experiences and achievement.

Farrokhlagha Heidari

2012-01-01

151

Perceived Barriers and Self-efficacy: Impact on Self-care Behaviors in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes  

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Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1":*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0pt 5.4pt 0pt 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Background & Aim: Regarding the importance of determining the determinants of diabetes self-care, this study aimed to examine two major determinants of self-care activities, i.e. perceived barriers, and perceived self-efficacy among type two diabetic patients in Tehran, Iran. "n"n Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 128 patients were recruited to the study using convenience sampling. The validated diabetes instruments were completed by the patients. The included participants aged older than 18 years. Data were analyzed using bivariate correlation and path analysis. "n"n Results: The mean score of the perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy were 3.05 and 2.18, respectively. The maximum score of self-care was 4.18. There was a positive correlation between self-efficacy and the self-care (r=0.22; P<0.01. Positive correlations were also found between education with self-efficacy and self-care (r=0.28; P<0.05, (r=0.29; P<0.05. There was a negative correlation between perceived barriers and self-care behaviors (r=-0.68; P<0.000. Using serial multiple regressions and path analysis, we had a final model (RMSEA=0.05; GFI=0.95; CFI=0.98; P=0.44; and Chi-Square=26.5. This model showed that perceived barriers were the strongest predictor for self-care behaviors. Perceived barriers mediated the effect of self-efficacy on the self-care behaviors. "n"n Conclusion: The intervention efforts that address the studied determinants related to self-care behavior could potentially impact type two diabetic patients' self-care activities. These determinants should be mentioned in the program developing."n"n  "n"n Key words: self efficacy, self-care, diabetes mellitus, determinants

E Shakibazadeh

2009-01-01

152

Impact of SCALE-UP on science teaching self-efficacy of students in general education science courses  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two pedagogical models used in general education science on non-majors' science teaching self-efficacy. Science teaching self-efficacy can be influenced by inquiry and cooperative learning, through cognitive mechanisms described by Bandura (1997). The Student Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs (SCALE-UP) model of inquiry and cooperative learning incorporates cooperative learning and inquiry-guided learning in large enrollment combined lecture-laboratory classes (Oliver-Hoyo & Beichner, 2004). SCALE-UP was adopted by a small but rapidly growing public university in the southeastern United States in three undergraduate, general education science courses for non-science majors in the Fall 2006 and Spring 2007 semesters. Students in these courses were compared with students in three other general education science courses for non-science majors taught with the standard teaching model at the host university. The standard model combines lecture and laboratory in the same course, with smaller enrollments and utilizes cooperative learning. Science teaching self-efficacy was measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument - B (STEBI-B; Bleicher, 2004). A science teaching self-efficacy score was computed from the Personal Science Teaching Efficacy (PTSE) factor of the instrument. Using non-parametric statistics, no significant difference was found between teaching models, between genders, within models, among instructors, or among courses. The number of previous science courses was significantly correlated with PTSE score. Student responses to open-ended questions indicated that students felt the larger enrollment in the SCALE-UP room reduced individual teacher attention but that the large round SCALE-UP tables promoted group interaction. Students responded positively to cooperative and hands-on activities, and would encourage inclusion of more such activities in all of the courses. The large enrollment SCALE-UP model as implemented at the host university did not increase science teaching self-efficacy of non-science majors, as hypothesized. This was likely due to limited modification of standard cooperative activities according to the inquiry-guided SCALE-UP model. It was also found that larger SCALE-UP enrollments did not decrease science teaching self-efficacy when standard cooperative activities were used in the larger class.

Cassani, Mary Kay Kuhr

153

Autonomous Motivation as a Critical Factor in Self-Efficacy among Rural Smokers  

OpenAIRE

Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited attention has been given to self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking ? 10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking and medical history, social environment, self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, motivation for quitting, and depression. Am...

Berg, Carla J.; Cox, Lisa Sanderson; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Greiner, K. Allen; Ellerbeck, Edward F.

2008-01-01

154

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Stress among Iranian EFL Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the relationship between self- efficacy and stress among 108 EFL teachers in Iran. The participants were administered self-efficacy and stress questionnaires. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression analyses were used. The results indicated significant negative correlation between self efficacy and stress. Also it was found that both dimensions of self-efficacy, namely, classroom and organizational efficacies, either collectively or separately, could predict stress among EFL teachers. Implications of the study are discussed.

Shahin Vaezi

2011-09-01

155

SELF-EFFICACY OF FORMALLY AND NON-FORMALLY TRAINED PUBLIC SECTOR TEACHERS  

OpenAIRE

The main objective of the study was to compare the formally and non-formally trained in-service public sector teachers’ Self-efficacy. Five hypotheses were developed describing no difference in the self-efficacy of formally and non-formally trained teachers to influence decision making, influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and create positive school climate. Teacher Efficacy Instrument (TSES) developed by Bandura (2001) consisting of thirty 9-...

Anwar, Muhammad Nadeem

2009-01-01

156

Testing Phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs in the context of dietary behaviour change  

OpenAIRE

Background: Self-efficacy is an important predictor of health behaviour change. Within the health action process approach (HAPA; Schwarzer, 2008), motivational and volitional self-efficacy can be distinguished. Motivational self-efficacy is assumed to serve as predictor of intention formation whereas volitional self-efficacy should be relevant for behaviour change. This study examined these assumptions in a sample with overweight and obese individuals. Moreover, we tested whether behavioural ...

Ochsner, Sibylle; Scholz, Urte; Hornung, Rainer

2013-01-01

157

Vem är ”schysst” i skolan? : Samband mellan self-efficacy och gymnasieelevers  

OpenAIRE

Två studier undersökte hur self-efficacy, individens tro på sin förmåga, inverkar på prosocialt beteende i skolmiljö. I Studie 1 besvarade 121 gymnasieelever en enkät, som mätte akademisk och emotionell self-efficacy samt prosocialt beteende. I Studie 2 besvarade 48 gymnasieelever en enkät, som mätte emotionell self-efficacy och prosocialt beteende. Studie 1 visade att akademisk men inte emotionell self-efficacy korrelerade positivt med prosocialt beteende. I begreppet emotionell s...

Andersson, Ann-charlotte

2007-01-01

158

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Stress among Iranian EFL Teachers  

OpenAIRE

This study investigated the relationship between self- efficacy and stress among 108 EFL teachers in Iran. The participants were administered self-efficacy and stress questionnaires. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression analyses were used. The results indicated significant negative correlation between self efficacy and stress. Also it was found that both dimensions of self-efficacy, namely, classroom and organizational efficacies, either collectively or separately, could...

Shahin Vaezi; Nasser Fallah

2011-01-01

159

Exploring the Effects of Self-efficacy on Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the effects of self-efficacy on language learning strategies by focusing on vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs). A group of 281 EFL learners from two universities participated in the study. They completed the Vocabulary Size Test (Nation & Beglar, 2007), questionnaires on self-efficacy, and an open-ended question about their use of VLSs. The learners were divided into three groups based on their responses to the self-efficacy questionnaire. The effect of self-efficacy wa...

Atsushi Mizumoto

2012-01-01

160

Breastfeeding self-efficacy: a cohort study / Autoeficácia na amamentação: um estudo de coorte  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Avaliar o uso clínico da Escala de Autoeficácia na amamentação como preditiva do desmame precoce e verificar se as mulheres que obtiveram maiores escores de autoeficácia amamentaram por mais tempo. Métodos Estudo de coorte com 100 puérperas. Instrumento de pesquisa utilizado: Breastfee [...] ding Self-Eficacy Scale-Short Form. O aleitamento foi monitorado no 7º, 15º, 30º, 45º e 60º dia, por telefone. Resultados A média de aleitamento materno exclusivo foi de 53,2 dias (DP 14,2). A maioria das mães (82,3%) obteve escores compatíveis com alta autoeficácia para a amamentação, nenhuma apresentou baixa eficácia. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na comparação da média de tempo de aleitamento exclusivo e não exclusivo, com os escores de média e alta eficácia. Conclusão Os resultados não permitiram confirmar a utilização da escala como preditiva de risco de desmame precoce. Não se observou relação entre maiores escores de alta eficácia e maior tempo de aleitamento materno exclusivo. Abstract in english Objective Evaluate the clinical use of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale as predictive of early weaning and verify if women who had higher self-efficacy scores breastfed for longer periods. Methods Cohort study developed with 100 postpartum mothers. Research instrument used: Breastfeeding S [...] elf-Efficacy Scale-Short Form. The feeding was monitored on the 7th, 15th, 30th, 45th and 60th day, by phone. Results The mean duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 53.2 days (SD 14.2). Most mothers (82.3%) had scores compatible with high self-efficacy for breastfeeding, none had low efficacy. There was no statistically significant difference in the comparison of mean duration of exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding, with the scores of medium and high efficacy. Conclusion Findings did not enable the confirmation of the use of the scale as a predictor of risk of early weaning. No relation was observed between higher scores of high efficacy and longer periods of exclusive breastfeeding.

Erdnaxela Fernandes do Carmo, Souza; Rosa Áurea Quintella, Fernandes.

2014-10-01

161

Mathematically precocious and female: Self-efficacy and STEM course choices among high achieving middle grade students  

Science.gov (United States)

The problem addressed in this project is the lack of mathematically gifted females choosing to pursue advanced science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses in secondary education due to deficiencies in self-efficacy. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of a child-guided robotics program as it relates to the self-efficacy of mathematically gifted 6th grade female students and their future course choices in the advanced STEM content areas. This mixed-model study utilized a STEM attitude survey, artifacts, interviews, field notes, and standardized tests as measurement tools. Significance was found between genders in the treatment group for the standardized science scores, indicating closure in the achievement gap. Research suggests that STEM enrichment is beneficial for mathematically gifted females.

Burt, Stacey M.

162

Effects of music therapy on drug avoidance self-efficacy in patients on a detoxification unit: a three-group randomized effectiveness study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is a component of Bandura's social cognitive theory and can lead to abstinence and a reduction of relapse potential for people who have substance abuse disorders. To date, no music therapy researcher has utilized this theoretical model to address abstinence and reduce the likelihood of relapse in people who have addictions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on drug avoidance self-efficacy in a randomized three-group wait-list control design with patients on a detoxification unit. Participants (N = 131) were cluster randomized to one of three single-session conditions: music therapy, verbal therapy, or wait-list control. Music therapy participants received a group lyric analysis intervention, verbal therapy participants received a group talk therapy session, and wait-list control participants eventually received a group recreational music therapy intervention. Although there was no significant between-group difference in drug avoidance self-efficacy, participants in the music therapy condition tended to have the highest mean drug avoidance self-efficacy scores. Posttest written comments supported the use of both music therapy and verbal therapy sessions. Two music therapy participants specifically noted that their initial skepticism had dissipated after receiving music therapy. Despite a lack of significant differences, the theoretical support of self-efficacy for substance abuse rehabilitation suggests that this may be an area of continued clinical focus and empirical investigation. Clinical anecdotes, limitations of the study, and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:25514686

Silverman, Michael J

2014-01-01

163

The confounded self-efficacy construct: conceptual analysis and recommendations for future research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is central to health behaviour theories due to its robust predictive capabilities. In this paper, we present and review evidence for a self-efficacy-as-motivation argument in which standard self-efficacy questionnaires - i.e., ratings of whether participants 'can do' the target behaviour - reflect motivation rather than perceived capability. The potential implication is that associations between self-efficacy ratings (particularly those that employ a 'can do' operationalisation) and health-related behaviours simply indicate that people are likely to do what they are motivated to do. There is some empirical evidence for the self-efficacy-as-motivation argument, with three studies demonstrating causal effects of outcome expectancy on subsequent self-efficacy ratings. Three additional studies show that - consistent with the self-efficacy-as-motivation argument - controlling for motivation by adding the phrase 'if you wanted to' to the end of self-efficacy items decreases associations between self-efficacy ratings and motivation. Likewise, a qualitative study using a thought-listing procedure demonstrates that self-efficacy ratings have motivational antecedents. The available evidence suggests that the self-efficacy-as-motivation argument is viable, although more research is needed. Meanwhile, we recommend that researchers look beyond self-efficacy to identify the many and diverse sources of motivation for health-related behaviours. PMID:25117692

Williams, David M; Rhodes, Ryan E

2014-08-12

164

Self-Efficacy Expectations and Causal Attributions for Achievement among Male and Female University Faculty.  

Science.gov (United States)

Responses from 284 of 428 college faculty found a significant relationship between research self-efficacy and productivity and between self-efficacy and causal attributions. Males reported significantly stronger self-efficacy beliefs, greater time spent in research, and greater productivity than did females. (SK)

Vasil, Latika

1992-01-01

165

Brief Psychometric Analysis of the Self-Efficacy Parent Report Scale (SEPRS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Self-Efficacy Parent-Report Scale was designed to assess parent perceptions of self-efficacy of their children aged 7 to 17 years. Internal aspects of validity indicated a marginal fit of the data to the unidimensional model. External facets of validity indicated the Self-Efficacy Parent-Report Scale had excellent convergent and discriminant…

Erford, Bradley T.; Gavin, Kate

2013-01-01

166

Job Search Self-Efficacy of East Asian International Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a sample of 86 East Asian international graduate students, this study examined Bandura's perceived self-efficacy model (1986) in the domain of job search self-efficacy and tested the mediating effects of job search self-efficacy in the relationship between efficacy source variables and job search behaviors. Results show that both performance…

Lin, Yi-Jiun; Flores, Lisa Y.

2013-01-01

167

Assessing BSW Student Direct Practice Skill Using Standardized Clients and Self-Efficacy Theory  

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Entering and exiting BSW students were compared on self-efficacy and on direct practice skill performance with a standardized client. Self-efficacy was tested as a predictor and as a mediator of skill performance. Ordinary least squares hierarchical regression found BSW education to be predictive of higher skill and higher self-efficacy. After…

Rawlings, Mary A.

2012-01-01

168

Persistence at an Urban Community College: The Implications of Self-Efficacy and Motivation  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how self-efficacy and motivation affected student persistence at an urban community college. Self-efficacy was studied at two dimensions: self-regulated learning efficacy and self-efficacy for academic achievement. Motivation was also investigated at two levels: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Results show that…

Liao, Hsiang-Ann; Edlin, Margot; Ferdenzi, Anita Cuttita

2014-01-01

169

The Effects of Self-Efficacy on Academic Success of First-Generation College Sophomore Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of self-efficacy on academic success of first-generation college sophomore students. The participants in the study consisted of college sophomores from 5 of the 23 California State University campuses. An online College Self-Efficacy Inventory was employed to measure participants' self-efficacy

Vuong, Mui; Brown-Welty, Sharon; Tracz, Susan

2010-01-01

170

Developing Academic Self-Efficacy: Strategies to Support Gifted Elementary School Students  

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Self-efficacy is the belief in one's capacity to perform and accomplish goals. Specifically, academic self-efficacy refers to a student's perception of their ability to engage and successfully complete academic tasks. Self-efficacy affects students' behavioral choices, motivation, thought patterns and responses, perception of control, and…

Merriman, Lauren

2012-01-01

171

Developing a Measurement Tool for Assessing Physiotherapy Students' Self-Efficacy: A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research was to determine if self-efficacy can be correlated with prior academic achievement and whether self-efficacy can be an outcome measure of education. A self-efficacy instrument was developed and administered to physiotherapy students following completion of their pre-clinical theory experience. The questionnaire results…

Jones, Anne; Sheppard, Lorraine

2012-01-01

172

Exploring Baccalaureate Social Work Students' Self-Efficacy: Did It Change over Time?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored baccalaureate social work students' self-efficacy at a rural southern university. Bandura's concept of self-efficacy is used as a theoretical base for the study. Students (N = 43) in introductory social work courses and in the field practicum course completed the Foundation Practice Self Efficacy Scale. Following The Council on…

Ahn, Bonnie; Boykin, Lolita; Hebert, Corie; Kulkin, Heidi

2012-01-01

173

Exploring Gender and Self-Efficacy Ratings of Athletic Training Students over Time  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To describe the development of a self-efficacy instrument and to explore the changes by gender in student self-efficacy ratings over 1 year. Design and Setting: An exploratory study utilizing an instrument that measures self-efficacy in undergraduate students in a university setting. Patients or Other Participants: Thirty students (13…

Carr, W. David; Volberding, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

174

An Investigation of Factors Related to Self-Efficacy for Java Programming among Engineering Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors related to self-efficacy for Java programming among first year engineering students. An instrument assessing Java programming self-efficacy was developed from the computer programming self-efficacy scale of Ramalingam & Wiedenbeck. The instrument was administered at the beginning of the course…

Askar, Petek; Davenport, David

2009-01-01

175

Career Self-Efficacy Expectations and Perceived Range of Career Options in Community College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explored the relation of socioeconomic status (SES), race, gender, career self-efficacy, career interests, and sex role orientation to career-choice range in female-male and non-gender-dominated careers and career self-efficacy. Career interest and career self-efficacy expectations significantly predicted range of perceived career options. Career…

Rotberg, Heidi L.; And Others

1987-01-01

176

Relations between Informational Sources, Self-Efficacy and Academic Achievement: A Developmental Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

As a cognitive-motivational construct, self-efficacy has been researched extensively and has involved two important lines of inquiries, namely the impact of sources of information on self-efficacy and the predictive effect of self-efficacy on learning outcomes. We proposed and tested the relations between the four major sources of information…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2012-01-01

177

Confidence and Competence in Writing: The Role of Self-Efficacy, Outcome Expectancy, and Apprehension.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated the writing self-efficacy, writing outcome expectations, writing apprehension, personal self-efficacy, and writing performance of 30 undergraduate students throughout one semester. Results indicated support for social cognitive theory and prior findings that report a relationship between self-efficacy and performance. A…

Pajares, M. Frank; Johnson, Margaret J.

178

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

179

HIV-infected individuals with high coping self-efficacy are less likely to report depressive symptoms : a cross-sectional study from Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVES: Having effective ways to cope helps HIV-infected individuals maintain good psychological and physical well-being. This study investigated the relationship between coping self-efficacy levels, as determined by the Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE), HIV status disclosure, and depression in a Danish cohort. METHODS: In 2008, the CSE was administered to 304 HIV-infected individuals to measure their confidence in their ability to cope with HIV infection. HIV status disclosure was assessed on a three-point scale: living openly with the disease, partly openly, or secretly. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess depression prevalence and severity. RESULTS: The CSE score was significantly related to depression (Spearman's rho = -0.71; the test of H0: BDI and coping, probability >t=0.0001). There was a significant relationship between higher CSE scores and living openly with HIV. The risk of depression was four times higher in HIV-infected individuals who did not disclose their HIV status (i.e. who lived 'secretly'; odds ratio = 4.1) than in individuals who lived openly. CONCLUSION: Those with low CSE scores were more likely to report living secretly with HIV and to be depressed. Disclosing HIV may constitute a social stressor, and a lack of coping self-efficacy may increase the likelihood of non-disclosure and depression. Interventions that enhance self-efficacy may help in managing the demands of daily life with HIV, increase disclosure, and reduce depression.

Rodkjaer, L; Chesney, M A

2014-01-01

180

Career interest, self-efficacy, and perception in undecided and nursing undergraduate students: A quantitative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Career choice variables of career interest, self-efficacy, and perception were chosen based upon Social Cognitive Career Theory concepts for study between nursing and undecided undergraduate student groups. Components of the Career Search Questionnaire and Perceptions of Professional Nursing instruments were combined and adapted to form the Career Choice Survey for use in this research. This web-based survey totaling 40 questions was sent to 577 undergraduate students with a 12% response rate (N=68). Due to the need to increase nursing recruitment and retention, hypotheses were developed that distinguish if any relationship existed between groups. Findings of this quantitative study resulted in statistically significant results on two of the three variable hypotheses (p=.006 for career interest, p=.002 for self-efficacy, p=.395 for perception), aligning with previous research and provide insight into the change in nursing perception. Overall, scores for each subscale were encouraging to current nurses and expected from undecided students. Implications for practice include increases in accurate nursing portrayal in the media and early career counseling to younger populations. Nurse educators can further research in career choice with focus on continuing education for current nurses and recruitment of young nursing hopefuls. PMID:25218036

Fillman, Valentina M

2015-01-01

181

Cardiac-self efficacy predicts adverse outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Little is known about the predictive role of Cardiac Self Efficacy (CSE in the ensuing months following a coronary event. We sought to determine whether CSE predicts adverse events in the months following discharge in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD. Design: Data from a prospective study of 193 patients recently hospitalized for CAD. Methods: Data were collected via participant self-report and medical records at 3-month post-discharge (baseline; T1, 6-month post-discharge (T2 and 9-month post-discharge (T3. CSE was measured using the Cardiac Self Efficacy Scale. Multi-variate regression modeling was applied to explore the association between baseline CSE scores and cardiac-related hospital admissions and functional cardiac status at T2 and T3. Other outcomes included any hospital admissions, self-reported mental and physical health at follow up. Results: Higher CSE scores at baseline significantly predicted better cardiac functioning and self-rated mental and physical health at both T2 and T3 (with one exception; this was consistent across all five models. While baseline CSE did not predict cardiac or other hospital admission at T2, CSE was a significant predictor of both outcomes at T3; higher CSE scores resulted in reductions in likelihood of hospital admissions. After adjustment for psychosocial variables however, neither association remained. Baseline depression explained the association between baseline CSE and any cardiac admissions, as well as baseline CSE and any hospital admissions at T3 follow up. Conclusions: While CSE can predict key outcomes following a CAD event, much of the association can be explained by the presence of depression.

Lesley Stafford

2013-07-01

182

Academic Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teacher Candidates  

OpenAIRE

This study aims determining academic self-efficacy perception of teacher candidates. It is survey model. Population of the study consists of teacher candidates in 2010-2011 academic years at Ahmet Kele?o?lu Education Faculty of Education Formation of Selçuk University. A simple random sample was selected as sampling method and the study was conducted on 312 teacher candidates. The data of this study was obtained by “academic selfefficacy scale” which was developed by Jerusalem and Schw...

Yes?i?lyurt, Dr Etem

2013-01-01

183

An Investigation into Iranian EFL Learners’ Level of Writing Self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available This article sets out to examine the relationship between EFL learners’ sense of self-efficacy and their writing achievement. In order to tackle with this question, two self-efficacy questionnaires were employed, English and General self-efficacy. Ninety-three Iranian EFL learners from four different universities in north-eastern part of Iran took part in the study. Pearson correlation and ANOVA were run to analyze the collected data. The findings indicated a significant relationship not only between learners’ writing performance and English self-efficacy beliefs, but also between learners’ writing performance and their General self-efficacy beliefs. It is worth mentioning that English self-efficacy beliefs showed stronger relationship with learners’ writing performance as compared to General self-efficacy.

Azar Hosseini Fatemi

2013-09-01

184

Self-efficacy, Neighborhood Walking, and Fall History in Older Adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

This cross-sectional study examined the association of self-efficacy with neighborhood walking in older adult (mean age = 76.1, SD = 8.34) fallers (n = 108) and nonfallers (n = 217) while controlling for demographic characteristics and mobility. Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that the full model explained 39% of the variance in neighborhood walking in fallers (P Self-efficacy explained 23% of the variance in fallers (P self-efficacy for individual barriers in both groups. Self-efficacy for neighborhood barriers trended toward significance in fallers (? = .18, P = .06). Fall history did not moderate the relationship between self-efficacy and neighborhood walking. Walking interventions for older adults should address self-efficacy in overcoming individual walking barriers. Those targeting fallers should consider addressing self-efficacy for overcoming neighborhood barriers. PMID:24412975

Gallagher, Nancy Ambrose; Clarke, Philippa J; Loveland-Cherry, C; Ronis, David L; Gretebeck, Kim A

2015-01-01

185

An investigation of the attitudes, anxieties and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics lessons high school students’ in terms of gender, types of school, and students’ grades  

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Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an increasing recognition that mathematics anxiety plays an important role in students’ learning of mathematics and thus, mathematics anxiety has gained heightened awareness by mathematics educators as an important factor in the teaching of mathematics (Bursal & Paznokas, 2006; Thomas & Higbee, 1999; McLeod, 1988; Singh, Granville, & Dika, 2002; Sloan, Daane, & Geisen, 2002; Vinson, 2001; Zettle & Raines, 2000. Math anxiety defined by Richardson & Suinn (1972 as a “feelings of tension and anxiety that interfere with the manipulation of numbers and the solving of mathematical problems in a wide variety of ordinary life and academic situations”. Research demonstrated that the physiological, cognitive, and behavioral consequences of math anxiety may impair life functioning. For example, students who have math anxiety exhibit physiological reactivity to numeric stimuli and have faulty beliefs and negative attitudes regarding their problem solving abilities. These students also may avoid environment and careers that require utilization of math skills, and will sacrifice accuracy for speed when performing numeric tasks (Ashcraft & Kirk, 2001. Purpose and significanceThe purpose of this research is to examine whether there is a significant difference between the attitudes, anxieties, and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics lessons high school students’ in terms of gender, types of school and students’ grades. It is very important to reveal relationships between attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs to develop high school students’ positive attitudes towards mathematics lessons.MethodsIn this study, descriptive research method was conducted. A total of 418 students, from three different school types participated in the study. The schools are Anatolian High School, Vocational High School and Public High School. Three scales were implemented on students to reveal relationships between students’ attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. The results obtained from scales were analyzed with SPSS 13.0.ResultsIt was observed in the findings of study that there are no statistically significant differences between students’ gender and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. But there are statistically significant differences between students’ types of school and students’ grades and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs.Discussion and ConclusionsStudents’ achievements in mathematics lessons are directly related to students’ self-efficacy beliefs, attitudes towards mathematics lessons and anxieties towards mathematics lessons. Students’ mathematics achievements will increase because of students’ high self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons. In this study, there are no statistically significant differences between students’ gender and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. But there are statistically significant differences between students’ types of school and students’ grades and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. While students’ who attended from successful schools- self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons are high, their anxiety levels towards mathematics lessons are low. Besides, it was observed, when students’ grades increase, their self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons get higher and their anxiety levels towards mathematics lessons get lower.

N. ?zzet Kurbano?lu

2012-01-01

186

The effect of community health nurse home visit on self-care self-efficacy of the elderly living in selected Falavarjan villages in Iran in 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Perceived self-efficacy is a strong predictor for behavior. Considering the importance of health-promoting self-care behaviors in increasing quality of life in the elderly, this study was aimed at defining the effect of nurse home visits on self-care self-efficacy of the elderly in rural areas. Materials and Methods: This is a pre and post quasi-experimental study conducted on 33 older adults randomly selected from five villages in Falavarjan province in Iran. Intervention program was in the direction of self-care self-efficacy in four domains including nutrition, health practice, physical activity, and well-being in the form of five home visit programs and one group session by a nurse during 6 weeks, and included two different sections of education and nursing interventions administered based on needs assessment and determination of the tasks for the clients and their families. Theoretical framework of this study was supported by Bandura's self-efficacy, Orem's self-care theory, and Pender's revised health promotion model. The data were collected by self-care self-efficacy and demographic information questionnaire before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and paired t-test. Results: The mean elderly score in the four aforementioned domains increased after the home visit program. A significant difference was seen in the mean total scores of self-care self-efficacy and its subscales by paired t-test before and after intervention (P < 0.001). Conclusions: It was observed that home visit program, integrated with the theories, had a positive influence on improving self-care self-efficacy of the elderly, and was supported by Bandura's theory of self-efficacy suggesting four sources of performance accomplishment, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal. With regard to the importance of self-care behavior in health promotion of the elderly, multifaceted low-cost interventions with the highest effect seem essential. PMID:23983728

Hosseini, Habibollah; Torkani, Sara; Tavakol, Khosrow

2013-01-01

187

Trans-cultural nursing in Spain  

OpenAIRE

The present study analyzes the state of Trans-cultural Nursing in Spain, from a historical perspective. The outcome shows a lack of knowledge on these trans-cultural nursing theories at their basics although there are some nursing schools really advanced in the matter. In Spain at present, the question is some nursing schools are moving rather slow while others go too fast. Those who “think ahead” are not those in power to promote those theories and to put them ...

Chamizo Vega, Carmen

2005-01-01

188

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para o português Traducción y adaptación cultural de la Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para el portugués Translation and cultural adaptation of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar a Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale ( BSES, para a realidade cultural do Brasil e avaliar a validade de conteúdo da versão em português, para que possa ser utilizada na população brasileira. MÉTODOS: O estudo envolveu duas fases (1. protocolo de tradução e adaptação cultural e 2. validade de conteúdo. RESULTADOS: O escore total variou de 93 a 162 pontos (M = 127,03; DP = 19,62. Quando considerado apenas as multíparas, a pontuação da escala variou de 106 a 156 (M = 131,66; DP = 15,91. A versão mostrou ser de fácil compreensão, obtendo-se adequada validação semântica e de consistência. O Índice de Validação de Conteúdo foi 0,84 e o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSÕES: Os achados sugerem que a BSES é adequada para screening da confiança materna no seu potencial para amamentar. No entanto, é necessário avaliar as propriedades psicométricas deste instrumento em amostra com diferentes níveis sociais e educacionais e em outras regiões do Brasil.OBJETIVOS: traducir y adaptar la escala Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES, para la realidad cultural de Brasil y evaluar la validez de contenido de la versión en portugués para que pueda ser utilizada en la población brasileña. MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en dos fases (1- protocolo de traducción y adaptación cultural, y 2- Validación del contenido. RESULTADOS: El puntaje total varió de 93 a 162 puntos (P = 127,03; DE = 19,62. Cuando fueron consideradas apenas las multíparas, la puntuación de la escala varió de 106 a 156 (P = 131,66; DE = 15,91. La versión mostró ser de fácil comprensión, obteniéndose una adecuada validación semántica y de consistencia. El Índice de Validación de Contenido fue 0,84 y el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la BSES es adecuada para detectar la confianza materna en su potencialidad para amamantar. Sin embargo, es necesario evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de este instrumento en muestras con diferentes niveles sociales y educacionales y en otras regiones de Brasil.OBJECTIVES: Translate and adapt the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES to the cultural reality of Brazil and evaluate the content validity of the Portuguese version, so that it can be used in the Brazilian population. METHODS: The study was made in two phases (1- Protocol translation and cultural adaptation, and 2- Validity of Content. RESULTS: The total score ranged from 93 to 162 points (M = 127.03, SD = 19.62. When considering only women who bore many children, the score scale ranged from 106 to 156 (M = 131.66, SD = 15.91. The translated version proved to be easy to understand, showing good consistency and semantic validation. The Index for the Validation of Content was 0.84 and the Cronbach's alpha = 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the BSES is suitable for screening the maternal confidence in its potentiality to breastfeed. However, it is necessary to evaluate the psychometric properties of this instrument in samples with different social and educational levels, and in other regions of Brazil

Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá

2010-04-01

189

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para o português / Translation and cultural adaptation of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese / Traducción y adaptación cultural de la Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale para el portugués  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: traduzir e adaptar a Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale ( BSES), para a realidade cultural do Brasil e avaliar a validade de conteúdo da versão em português, para que possa ser utilizada na população brasileira. MÉTODOS: O estudo envolveu duas fases (1. protocolo de tradução e adaptação cu [...] ltural e 2. validade de conteúdo). RESULTADOS: O escore total variou de 93 a 162 pontos (M = 127,03; DP = 19,62). Quando considerado apenas as multíparas, a pontuação da escala variou de 106 a 156 (M = 131,66; DP = 15,91). A versão mostrou ser de fácil compreensão, obtendo-se adequada validação semântica e de consistência. O Índice de Validação de Conteúdo foi 0,84 e o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSÕES: Os achados sugerem que a BSES é adequada para screening da confiança materna no seu potencial para amamentar. No entanto, é necessário avaliar as propriedades psicométricas deste instrumento em amostra com diferentes níveis sociais e educacionais e em outras regiões do Brasil. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: traducir y adaptar la escala Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES), para la realidad cultural de Brasil y evaluar la validez de contenido de la versión en portugués para que pueda ser utilizada en la población brasileña. MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en dos fases (1- protocolo de trad [...] ucción y adaptación cultural, y 2- Validación del contenido). RESULTADOS: El puntaje total varió de 93 a 162 puntos (P = 127,03; DE = 19,62). Cuando fueron consideradas apenas las multíparas, la puntuación de la escala varió de 106 a 156 (P = 131,66; DE = 15,91). La versión mostró ser de fácil comprensión, obteniéndose una adecuada validación semántica y de consistencia. El Índice de Validación de Contenido fue 0,84 y el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach = 0,90. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren que la BSES es adecuada para detectar la confianza materna en su potencialidad para amamantar. Sin embargo, es necesario evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de este instrumento en muestras con diferentes niveles sociales y educacionales y en otras regiones de Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Translate and adapt the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) to the cultural reality of Brazil and evaluate the content validity of the Portuguese version, so that it can be used in the Brazilian population. METHODS: The study was made in two phases (1- Protocol translation and cultu [...] ral adaptation, and 2- Validity of Content). RESULTS: The total score ranged from 93 to 162 points (M = 127.03, SD = 19.62). When considering only women who bore many children, the score scale ranged from 106 to 156 (M = 131.66, SD = 15.91). The translated version proved to be easy to understand, showing good consistency and semantic validation. The Index for the Validation of Content was 0.84 and the Cronbach's alpha = 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the BSES is suitable for screening the maternal confidence in its potentiality to breastfeed. However, it is necessary to evaluate the psychometric properties of this instrument in samples with different social and educational levels, and in other regions of Brazil

Mônica Oliveira Batista, Oriá; Lorena Barbosa, Ximenes.

2010-04-01

190

Development of Condom-Use Self-Efficacy over 36 Months among Early Adolescents: A Mediation Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This research evaluates condom-use self-efficacy and its increase throughout adolescence. Documentation of the development of condom-use self-efficacy would be important for prevention efforts given the influence of self-efficacy on actual condom usage. This study assesses a hypothesized mediation mechanism of the development of self-efficacy

Chen, Xinguang; Dinaj-Koci, Veronica; Brathwaite, Nanika; Cottrell, Lesley; Deveaux, Lynette; Gomez, Perry; Harris, Carole; Li, Xiaoming; Lunn, Sonja; Marshall, Sharon; Stanton, Bonita

2012-01-01

191

Transcultural Literature and Contemporary World Literature(s)  

OpenAIRE

In her article "Transcultural Literature and Contemporary World Literature(s)" Arianna Dagnino argues that within the emerging field of transcultural literary studies and despite the inevitable issues raised by categorization, we may classify transcultural literature within the wider domain of world literature(s). Dagnino presents a brief overview of the growing importance of a transcultural perspective in the fields of (comparative) cultural studies and literary studies and proceeds by outli...

Dagnino, Arianna

2013-01-01

192

Academic Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teacher Candidates  

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Full Text Available This study aims determining academic self-efficacy perception of teacher candidates. It is survey model. Population of the study consists of teacher candidates in 2010-2011 academic years at Ahmet Kele?o?lu Education Faculty of Education Formation of Selçuk University. A simple random sample was selected as sampling method and the study was conducted on 312 teacher candidates. The data of this study was obtained by “academic selfefficacy scale” which was developed by Jerusalem and Schwazer (1981 and translated into Turkish by Y?lmaz, Gürçay, and Ekici (2007 and its reliability value was determined as .79. However, Cronbach Alfa reliability value of this scale became .76 with the result of the data analysis of the study. SPSS package program was used to analyze the data; and the data analysis, frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA and post hoc tests (LSD test were used. When the findings of the research were considered in general, the result showed that the academic self-efficacy perception level of the candidates was at desired level. However, teachers' views about the level of academic self-efficacy perception showed that most of them preferred a lower level option "suits me", instead of "totally suits me" option that was the highest degree of participation of four likert-type scale. This illustrated that their perception about this issue was not at a very high level. When independent variables were taken into account, among the academic perception levels of teacher candidates, a significant difference was detected in terms of working as a teacher or not and academic achievement variables but it revealed no significant difference in terms of gender and type of education program variables.

Dr. Etem YE??LYURT

2013-04-01

193

Does interprofessional simulation increase self-efficacy: a comparative study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives In this work, we have compared uniprofessional and interprofessional versions of a simulation education intervention, in an attempt to understand more about whether it improves trainees’ self-efficacy. Background Interprofessionalism has been climbing the healthcare agenda for over 50?years. Simulation education attempts to create an environment for healthcare professionals to learn, without potential safety risks for patients. Integrating simulation and interprofessional education can provide benefits to individual learners. Setting The intervention took place in a high-fidelity simulation facility located on the campus of a large urban hospital. The centre provides educational activities for an Academic Health Sciences Centre. Approximately 2500 staff are trained at the centre each year. Participants One hundred and fifteen nurses and midwives along with 156 doctors, all within the early years of their postgraduate experience participated. All were included on the basis of their ongoing postgraduate education. Methods Each course was a one-day simulation course incorporating five clinical and one communication scenarios. After each a facilitated debriefing took place. A mixed methods approach utilised precourse and postcourse questionnaires measuring self-efficacy in managing emergency situations, communication, teamwork and leadership. Results Thematic analysis of qualitative data showed improvements in communication/teamwork and leadership, for doctors and nurses undergoing simulation training. These findings were confirmed by statistical analysis showing that confidence ratings improved in nurses and doctors overall (pclinical situations. It also leads to increases in their perceived abilities relating to communication/teamwork and leadership/management of clinical scenarios. Interprofessional training showed increased positive effects on self-efficacy for nurses and doctors. PMID:25586366

Watters, Colm; Reedy, Gabriel; Ross, Alastair; Morgan, Nicola J; Handslip, Rhodri; Jaye, Peter

2015-01-01

194

About development of transcultural relevance  

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Full Text Available Nowadays, it discusses more frequently and more acute the problem of spiritual crisis ofmodern people. A solution for removing our world from deadlock is promoted by BasarabNicolescu, french-roumanian physicist and philosopher. Basaran Nicolescu proposes the concept ofLevels of Reality, starting from researches and discoveries in quantum physics and from the logic ofquantum pshysics. The concept of Levels of Reality is implemented in the direction of the way ofsetting a trandisciplinary culture, with theory of third included and the idea of complexity. Thequantum revolution requests the intelligence revolution. According to the new evaluation ofmultiple reality, the sacred - as a primary source of our values - is rehabilitated, but released fromthe captivity of religiosity. „Trans” signifies what it is between, in and what it transcends them. Inthis case we can speak about transculturation, transreligiosity or transliterarity.

Victoria BARAGA

2012-01-01

195

The Effect of Science Teacher Candidates’ Self-Efficacy towards Science Education on Academic Achievement  

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Full Text Available The aim of study is to determinate the effect of self-efficacy beliefs towards science instruction on the academic achievement. In addition, it is investigated that effect of gender on self-efficacy and academic achievement. The sample of this research consist of total 127 candidates science teachers who attend II. III. IV. grades of Gazi University, Educational Faculty, Science Teaching Program on the spring semester of 2008-2009 educational period. In this study, to collect data, “System in Our Body Achievement Test” and “Science Instruction Self-efficacy Beliefs Scale” were used. The results showed that most of the science teacher candidates? general achievement level and self-efficacy beliefs are not sufficient. In addition the teacher candidates? general achievement level and self-efficacy beliefs do not vary according to the gender and it can be concluded that, self-efficacy beliefs predicts the academic achievement in system in our body concept positively in meaningful way.

P?nar FETTAHLIO?LU

2011-08-01

196

Self-efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, Anxiety and Mathematics Achievement: Findings from Turkey, Japan and Finland  

OpenAIRE

In this study, relationships among self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation and anxiety were investigated across Turkey, Japan and Finland to predict the PISA 2003 mathematics performance. The data of student questionnaire was used in the study. In three of the countries, self-efficacy positively predicted mathematics achievement and this effect was relatively higher in Finland and mediating roles of intrinsic motivation and anxiety between self-efficacy and mathematics achievement were quite smal...

Selada Y?ld?r?m

2011-01-01

197

Ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among tertiary education students  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the relationships between ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students at a higher learning institution. These relationships were examined among a sample of 144 respondents. The multigroup ethnic identity measure, the collective self-esteem scale and the academic self-efficacy scale were used to measure ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy, respectively. Positive correlations were found be...

Thomas, Tsholofelo Angela

2011-01-01

198

Self-efficacy instruments for patients with chronic diseases suffer from methodological limitations - a systematic review  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Measurement of self-efficacy requires carefully developed and validated instruments. It is currently unclear whether available self-efficacy instruments for chronic diseases fulfill these requirements. Our aim was to systematically identify all existing self-efficacy scales for five major chronic diseases and to assess their development and validation process. Methods We conducted a systematic literature search in electronic databases (MEDLIN...

Steurer-Stey Claudia; Svarin Anna; Frei Anja; Puhan Milo A

2009-01-01

199

The Association Between Self-Efficacy and Hypertension Self-Care Activities Among African American Adults  

OpenAIRE

Chronic disease management requires the individual to perform varying forms of self-care behaviors. Self-efficacy, a widely used psychosocial concept, is associated with the ability to manage chronic disease. In this study, we examine the association between self-efficacy to manage hypertension and six clinically prescribed hypertension self-care behaviors. We interviewed 190 African Americans with hypertension who resided in the greater metropolitan Charlotte area about their self-efficacy a...

Warren-findlow, Jan; Seymour, Rachel B.; Brunner Huber, Larissa R.

2012-01-01

200

Reliability and Validity of the Self Efficacy Expectations and Outcome Expectations After ICD Implantation Scales  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity characteristics of two new scales that measure self-efficacy expectations (SE-ICD) and outcome expectations (OE-ICD) in survivors (n=168) of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), all of whom received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Cronbach's alpha reliability demonstrated good internal consistency (SE-ICD ? = 0.93 and OE-ICD ? = 0.81). Correlations with other self-efficacy instruments (general self-efficacy and so...

Dougherty, Cynthia M.; Johnston, Sandra K.; Thompson, Elaine Adams

2007-01-01

201

The role of sports training and recreation at self-efficacy perception of adolescents  

OpenAIRE

In the following diploma the role of a sports training and a sports recreation for the perception of adolescents’ self-efficacy is presented. In the theoretical part the self-efficacy theory and its placement into adolescence are described as well as all three kinds of sports workout (sports training, sports recreation and sports education), connection between sport and adolescence and sport’s influence on the self-efficacy. In the empirical part the role of the sports training and rec...

Ivanc?ic?, Hani

2013-01-01

202

A Study of Self-efficacy in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Its Predictors  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Enhancement of empowerment in patients with coronary artery disease has a major role in the promotion of their health behaviors. Promotion of self-efficacy is a one of the ways for improving this skill, which has a significant impact on improving patients’ condition and on preventing complications and readmission. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of general, exercise, and diet behavior self-efficacies in coronary artery disease patients.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 195 patients with coronary artery disease referred to the Heart Clinic of Educational Treatment Center of Dr Heshmat Hospital in Rasht, were selected through convenient sampling and were surveyed through questionnaires about illness perception, general self-efficacy, exercise self-efficacy and diet behavior self-efficacy. The Chi 2 test was used to examine the relations between variables, and the multiple logistic regression test was used to determine the predictors.Results: In this study, 74.9% of samples had desirable general self-efficacy, 86.2% had desirable diet self-efficacy, and 28.2% had desirable exercise self-efficacy. In addition, variables such as age, sex, diagnosis of heart disease, and illness perception were predictors of general self-efficacy. Occupational status and illness perception variables were the predictors of exercise self-efficacy; and the predictor of diet self-efficacy was illness perception.Conclusion: Considering the results of this research, it seems that more precise plannings are needed for the promotion of exercise self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients.

Ezzat Paryad

2013-03-01

203

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

OpenAIRE

This study explores the relationship between Iranian EFL juniors’ self-efficacy beliefs and their employed vocabulary learning strategies. The participants were 50 juniors studying English Translation at University of Sistan & Baluchestan. The self-efficacy and vocabulary learning strategies questionnaires were administered to identify the students’ self-efficacy beliefs and their vocabulary learning strategies. The obtained results revealed that students had rather high level of s...

Farrokhlagha Heidari; Mehri Izadi; Mansooreh Vahed Ahmadian

2012-01-01

204

Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology  

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Full Text Available Two studies tested the hypothesis that use of learning technologies among undergraduate psychology students was associated with higher Internet self-efficacy (ISE. In Study 1, the ISE scores of 86 students were found not to be associated with either attitudes towards, or measured use of, blogs and wikis as part of an IT skills course. ISE was associated with time spent online, and positive attitudes to wikis were associated with higher use. Study 2 measured 163 students’ ISE scores at the beginning and end of the same course. ISE was again not correlated with attitudes towards, or actual measured use of, learning technologies used in the course. However, ISE was shown to increase during the course. Positive attitudes towards wikis and discussion boards were associated with higher use of each. Overall, ISE scores did not influence measured use of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE, including blogs, wikis and a discussion board, or attitudes towards those technologies. This implies that while ISE is linked to aspects of online behaviour (time spent online and can be modified by online activity or training, it does not predict student use of educational Internet technologies.

Tom Buchanan

2014-08-01

205

The Relationship between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Self-efficacy among Iranian EFL Teachers  

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Full Text Available The current study examined the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ trait EI (trait EI and Self-efficacy. To this end, 336 teachers were asked to complete “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Short Form (TEIQue–SF” (Petrides and Furnham, 2006 and “Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES” (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001. Pearson product-moment correlation showed a significant relationship between trait EI and self-efficacy. Trait EI subconstructs also showed significant relationship with Self-efficacy subconstructs as well as total self-efficacy. To investigate which subconstructs of trait emotional intelligence might have more predictive power in predicting teacher’s self-efficacy, regression analysis was run. Results revealed all subconstructs of trait EI to be moderate predictors of Self-efficacy. In addition, the ANOVA were employed to investigate the influence of teachers’ age, gender, and years of teaching experience on EI and Self-efficacy.  Results showed teachers with more years of teaching experience to have achieved higher levels in both trait EI and self-efficacy. However no effect of EFL teachers’ age, gender and their interactions on teachers’ trait EI and Self-efficacy were observed.

Jahanbakhsh Nikoopour

2012-11-01

206

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

207

Exploring the Effects of Self-efficacy on Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

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Full Text Available This study examined the effects of self-efficacy on language learning strategies by focusing on vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs. A group of 281 EFL learners from two universities participated in the study. They completed the Vocabulary Size Test (Nation & Beglar, 2007, questionnaires on self-efficacy, and an open-ended question about their use of VLSs. The learners were divided into three groups based on their responses to the self-efficacy questionnaire. The effect of self-efficacy was then examined by utilizing text mining. The results show that the effects of self-efficacy were observed in the participants’ open-ended responses. It also became clear that those with high self-efficacy were active users of VLSs, they employed deep strategies, and they were metacognitively superior to participants with medium and low efficiency. Those with medium self-efficacy were also active users of VLSs, but they used shallow strategies compared with the high self-efficiency group. Those with low self-efficacy tended to be passive users of VLSs. The pedagogical implications of the current study are discussed mainly in terms of incorporating self-efficacy and self-regulation enhancing instructions into vocabulary teaching.

Atsushi Mizumoto

2012-12-01

208

Self-Efficacy In Relation Emotional Intelligence Of Senior Secondary School Students  

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Full Text Available This research has been performed with the aim of determining the relation between emotional intelligence (EI and Self-Efficacy of the senior secondary school students. In gathering the data the descriptive method has been used and the measuring tools of Self-Efficacy Questionnaire developed by Peter Muris and Emotional Intelligence scale (2005 developed by Dr. Rambir Sharma have been used. The results obtained from Pearson Correlation showed that there is a positive significant correlation between emotional intelligence (EI and self-efficacy (r =0.3. It was also found that female students were better than male students with regard to their self efficacy and emotional intelligence

Rita Saini

2012-10-01

209

Autoeficacia en la prevención sexual del Sida: la influencia del género / Self-efficacy in AIDS sexual prevention: influence of gender  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La literatura científica apunta a que la escasa autoeficacia para el uso del preservativo explicaría muchas conductas de riesgo de transmisión del VIH en jóvenes. Se analiza la autoeficacia de los jóvenes en el uso del preservativo, la existencia de diferencias de género y la relación con variables [...] relevantes en la prevención. Se aplicó la "Subescala de Autoeficacia en el Uso del Preservativo", incluida en el Cuestionario de Prevención del Sida (Ballester, Gil y Giménez, 2007), a 3540 universitarios (50.9% mujeres, 49.1% hombres). Los resultados indican que los jóvenes obtienen puntuaciones medias-altas en autoeficacia, mostrándose la menor puntuación en el autocontrol en el momento de excitación. Se obtienen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en distintas situaciones según el género, siendo las mujeres las que se perciben más autoeficaces que los hombres, sobre todo en situaciones relacionadas con una posible evaluación negativa por parte de la pareja al sugerir su uso; y menos que ellos en aquellas referidas al ámbito público (comprar preservativos). Además, la autoeficacia correlacionó significativamente con la intención de conducta preventiva, la mayor frecuencia autoinformada de uso del preservativo y la percepción de eficacia del preservativo en la prevención del VIH. Las futuras intervenciones preventivas deberían incluir un componente de autoeficacia y una perspectiva de género. Abstract in english The scientific literature suggests that a low self-efficacy for condom use may be related to many risky behaviors for HIV transmission in young people. We analyze the self-efficacy of condom use among youth, the existence of gender differences and the relationship with other relevant variables in HI [...] V prevention. The "Self-Efficacy Condom Use Subscale", included in the AIDS Prevention Questionnaire (Ballester, Gil and Giménez, 2007), was administrated to 3540 university students (50.9% women, 49.1% men). The results showed that the sample obtained medium-high scores on self-efficacy, showing the lowest scores when behavior involves their sexual control at the time of excitation. Statistically significant differences were obtained in different situations according to gender. In this regard, women perceived themselves higher condom use self-efficacy than men, especially when their suggestion about condom use might cause a negative evaluation to the partner; and unless than men those relating to public domain (buying condoms). Moreover, self-efficacy correlated significantly with preventive behavior intention, increased self-reported frequency of condom use and perceived effectiveness of condoms in HIV prevention. Future preventive interventions should include an element of self-efficacy and a differentiated perspective by gender.

Rafael, Ballester; María Dolores, Gil-Llario; Estefanía, Ruiz-Palomino; Cristina, Giménez-García.

2013-01-01

210

Testing the effectiveness of a self-efficacy based exercise intervention for inactive people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: design of a controlled clinical trial  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Sufficient exercise is important for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM, as it can prevent future health problems. Despite, it is estimated that only 30-40% of people with T2DM are sufficiently active. One of the psychosocial constructs that is believed to influence physical activity behaviour, is exercise self-efficacy. The goal of this study is to evaluate a patient-tailored exercise intervention for people with T2DM that takes exercise self-efficacy into account. Methods/Design This study is conducted as a non-randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients are eligible when they are diagnosed with T2DM, exercise less than advised in the ADA guideline of 150?min/week of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, have an BMI >25 and are between 18 and 80?years old. Recruitment takes place at a Primary care organization of general practitioners and practice nurses in the south of the Netherlands. Participants are allocated to three groups: An advice intervention -for participants with a high exercise self-efficacy score- in which participants receive a patient-tailored exercise intervention, an intensive intervention -for participants with a low exercise self-efficacy score- in which participants receive a patient-tailored exercise intervention accomplished by a group based intervention, and a control group in which participants receive regular Dutch diabetes care. The primary outcome measure of this study is physical activity. Secondary outcome measures are health status, (symptoms of depression, exercise self-efficacy, Body Mass Index (BMI, blood pressure and glycemic control. Discussion We aimed to design an intervention that can be implemented in Primary care, but also to design an easy accessible program. This study is innovative as it is -to our best knowledge- the first study that takes level of exercise self-efficacy of people with T2DM into account by means of giving extra support to those with the lowest exercise self-efficacy. If the program succeeds in increasing the amount of physical activity it can be implemented in regular primary care. Trial registration Dutch Trial Register NTR2734

van der Heijden Marion MP

2012-07-01

211

The influence of self-efficacy and outcome expectations on the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity in the workplace  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent research and commentary contends that ecological approaches may be particularly useful for understanding and promoting physical activity participation in various settings including the workplace. Yet within the physical activity domain there is a lack of understanding of how ecological environment factors influence behaviour. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between perceived environment, social-cognitive variables, and physical activity behaviour. Methods Participants (N = 897 were employees from three large worksites who completed self-report inventories containing measures of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, perceptions of the workplace environment (PWES, and physical activity behaviour during both leisure-time and incorporated throughout the workday. Results Results of both bivariate and multiple regression analyses indicated the global PWES scores had a limited association with leisure-time physical activity (R2adj =.01. Sequential regression analyses supported a weak association between physical activity incorporated in the workplace and PWES (R2adj = .04 and the partial mediation of self-efficacy on the relationship between PWES and workplace physical activity (variance accounted for reduced to R2adj = .02 when self-efficacy was controlled. Conclusion Overall, the results of the present investigation indicate that self-efficacy acted as a partial mediator of the relationship between perceived environment and workplace physical activity participation. Implications of the findings for physical activity promotion using ecological-based approaches, and future directions for research from this perspective in worksite settings are discussed.

Plotnikoff Ronald C

2004-03-01

212

Investigating Preschool and Primary School Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Needs in Teaching Science: A Pilot Study  

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Full Text Available In recent years, the curricula reforms at the levels of preschool and primary school in Sweden have caused new demands on the teachers. In particular, numerous teachers lack the educational training in science subjects. Therefore, this study aims to investigate teachers’ self-efficacy and needs in relationto science teaching. A total of 71 teachers, divided into three groups of preschool, 1-3 grades and 4-6 grades, were invited to join this pilot study. From the EU FP7 project, PROFILES, a Likert scale questionnaire (with scores from 1 to 3 to represent strongly disagree, agree to strongly agree, and I don’t know was scored 0 was used and revised for the data collection in this pilot study. The results showed that the participating teachers had relatively high self-efficacy and no significant differences were found among the three groups of teachers. However, even though the teachers had high self-efficacy, the needs of further education were expressed by the teachers to a large extent. In particular, the group of preschool teachers addressed the need for more content knowledge (CK in physics and chemistry (>41%. In terms of the groups of 1-3 and 4-6 grades teachers, the needs relating to scientific literacy were revealed, with a focus on engaging students in socio-scientific problems (52%, 56% and assessment (44%, 61%. The implication of this study is discussed in the hope to contribute to teachers’ professional development for both pre- and in-service teachers in science education.

Susanne Walan

2014-03-01

213

Association of research self-efficacy with medical student career interests, specialization, and scholarship: a case study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used variables proposed in social cognitive career theory (SCCT) to focus the evaluation of a research curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University (CCLCM). Eight cohorts of CCLCM medical students completed a web-based version of the six-scale Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory-Short Form (CRAI-SF) items at matriculation (n = 128) or graduation (n = 111) during 2009-2013. Parametric statistics were used to compare CRAI-SF scales to domains proposed in SCCT: trainees' characteristics (gender, training level, advanced degree), career interests, career intentions (medical specialty), and performance (peer-reviewed publications and required thesis topic). A number of lessons emerged in using theory to frame the evaluation of a complex educational program. Graduates rated their research self-efficacy significantly higher on all six CRAI-SF scales with large effect sizes (>.90) on five scales (Conceptualizing a Study, Study Design and Analysis, Responsible Research Conduct, Collaborating with Others, and Reporting a Study). Women and men did not have significantly different scores on CRAI-SF scales (p > .05), suggesting that the research program provides adequate supports for women students. Most thesis projects addressed clinical (36.9 %, n = 41) or translational (34.2 %, n = 38) research topics. The CRAI-SF discriminated between medical school matriculates and graduates, suggesting that research self-efficacy increases with mastery experiences. No significant relationships occurred between CRAI-SF scores and graduates' thesis topics or chosen clinical specialty. Correlations demonstrated significant relationships between graduates' perceptions of research self-efficacy and their interest in clinical research careers. PMID:25037264

Bierer, S Beth; Prayson, Richard A; Dannefer, Elaine F

2014-07-19

214

Enhancing Pre-service Teacher’s Self-efficacy and Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Designing Digital Media with Self-regulated Learning Instructional Support in Online Project-based Learning  

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Full Text Available This study investigated pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy in designing digital media and their technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK for designing digital media using different forms of self- regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning. The study used a 2x2 factorial research design. The sample consisted of 232 pre-service teachers from an institution situated in Bangkok, Thailand. The four different forms of self-regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning were PB+SQ+PA, PB+SQonly, PB+PAonly, and PBonly. Two-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was used for data analysis. The results showed significant differences in pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy and TPCK posttest scores. No main effect was found between two different self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores and TPCK scores. The self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had a statistically significant interaction upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores while the self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had no interaction upon the means of the TPCK scores.

2013-01-01

215

Predictive Power of the Sources of Primary School Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs for Learning and Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to reveal the extent to which the sources of 6th- 8th grade students' self-efficacy beliefs predict their self-efficacy beliefs for learning and performance. The study is correlational and was conducted on a total of 1049 students during the fall term of the educational year 2010-2011. The data of the study were…

Arslan, Ali

2012-01-01

216

The Role of Self-Efficacy in HIV Treatment Adherence: Validation of the HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (HIV-ASES)  

OpenAIRE

Adherence to HIV treatment, including adherence to antiretroviral (ART) medication regimens, is paramount in the management of HIV. Self-efficacy for treatment adherence has been identified as an important correlate of medication adherence in the treatment of HIV and other medical conditions. This paper describes the validation of the HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (HIV-ASES) with two samples of HIV+ adults on ART. Factor analyses support subscales measuring Adherence Integration...

Johnson, Mallory O.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Dilworth, Samantha; Morin, Stephen F.; Remien, Robert H.; Chesney, Margaret A.

2007-01-01

217

Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

2012-04-01

218

Cultural adaptation of condom use self efficacy scale in Ghana  

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Full Text Available Accurate assessment of self-reports of sexual behaviours are vital to the evaluation of HIV prevention and family planning interventions. This investigation was to determine the cross-cultural suitability of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale (CUSES for Ghana. A survey using a sample of 520 aged 17 to 32 years from Ghana completed the anonymous scale. A Principal Component Analysis identified a 14 item scale with four reliable factors labelled Appropriation (Cronbach alpha=.85, Assertive (Cronbach alpha=.90, Pleasure and Intoxicant (Cronbach alpha=.83, and STDs (Cronbach alpha=.81 that altogether explained 73.72% of total variance. The scale correlated well with a measure of actual condom use (r=.73, indicating evidence of construct validity. The factor loadings were similar to the original scale but not identical suggesting relevant cultural variations. The study therefore cautioned researchers against the use of the original CUSES without validation in African settings and contexts

Paul Narh Doku

2010-10-01

219

Teacher Self-Efficacy and Classroom Management Styles in Jordanian Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Two main purposes guided this study. The first was to identify the degree to which Jordanian teachers practise classroom management styles in their classrooms and their level of teacher self-efficacy. The second purpose was to explore the relationships between classroom management styles and teacher self-efficacy. This study is quantitative in…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.; Khasawneh, Samar A.; Khalaileh, Huda A.

2011-01-01

220

Effects of Using Spreadsheets on Secondary School Students' Self-Efficacy for Algebra  

Science.gov (United States)

Although research has shown that self-efficacy beliefs predict academic achievement across all academic subjects and levels, little is known about the effect of using spreadsheets on self-efficacy beliefs in mathematics. This study is an investigation of the effect of instruction that includes spreadsheet-based purposeful activities on secondary…

Topcu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

221

Rating Scale Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale for Transfers  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents and caregivers faced with the challenges of transferring children with disability are at risk of musculoskeletal injuries and/or emotional stress. The Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale for Transfers (CSEST) is a 14-item questionnaire that measures self-efficacy for transferring under common conditions. The CSEST yields reliable data and valid…

Cipriani, Daniel J.; Hensen, Francine E.; McPeck, Danielle L.; Kubec, Gina L. D.; Thomas, Julie J.

2012-01-01

222

Role Ambiguity and Self-Efficacy: The Moderating Effects of Goal Orientation and Procedural Justice  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated variables that moderated the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy. Results of a field study found support for the moderating role of learning goal orientation, such that the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy was weaker when learning goal orientation was high. In addition, we found…

Li, Andrew; Bagger, Jessica

2008-01-01

223

The Relationship between Hope, Eustress, Self-Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction among Undergraduates  

Science.gov (United States)

The construct of eustress was studied alongside hope and self-efficacy, to explore how these constructs are related to life satisfaction among undergraduates. Questionnaires were administered to undergraduates to test the hypotheses that (1) as eustress levels increase, so will life satisfaction levels; (2) when eustress, hope, and self-efficacy

O'Sullivan, Geraldine

2011-01-01

224

Self-Efficacy's Influence on Student Academic Achievement in the Medical Anatomy Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is defined as a person's beliefs in his or her own abilities to successfully complete a task and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic behaviors. More specifically, anatomical self-efficacy is defined as an individual's judgment of his or her ability to successfully complete tasks related to the anatomy…

Burgoon, Jennifer Marie; Meece, Judith L.; Granger, Noelle A.

2012-01-01

225

Effects of a Low-Element Challenge Course on Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Group Cohesion  

Science.gov (United States)

Substance abuse researchers identify self-efficacy and group cohesion as important components in alcohol and other drug-dependency treatment. Objectives: The purpose of this single-group, pretest-posttest study is to explore the therapeutic value of a challenge course intervention on the self-efficacy and group cohesion of nine chemically…

Clem, Jamie M.; Smith, Thomas E.; Richards, Kristin V.

2012-01-01

226

Self-Efficacy Expectancy and Outcome Expectancy: Their Relationship and Their Effects on Behavioral Intentions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy theory maintains that self-efficacy expectancy, a belief about one's ability to perform a behavior successfully, is independent of outcome expectancy, a belief about the likelihood of the behavior leading to a specific outcome. To examine this hypothesis, subjects (N=95) read communications that differed in descriptions of the…

Maddux, James E.; And Others

227

Correlations between Perceived Teacher Empowerment and Perceived Sense of Teacher Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research has linked teacher efficacy with student achievement. In this study, the authors determined the perceived levels of empowerment and self-efficacy from 70 elementary teachers in two schools. Descriptive and predictive statistics were used to explore the degree to which perceived empowerment and self-efficacy were related in an…

Hemric, Marty; Eury, Allen D.; Shellman, David

2010-01-01

228

Self-Efficacy, Reflection, and Achievement: A Short-Term Longitudinal Examination  

Science.gov (United States)

This short-term longitudinal study involved the inclusion of personal self-efficacy and the 4 categories of reflective thinking practice within 1 conceptual framework. Using structural equation modeling, the author explored the temporally displaced effects of prior performance (Time 1) on self-efficacy (Time 2, Time 3) and the four categories of…

Phan, Huy P.

2014-01-01

229

Academic Support Services and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy in Student Athletes  

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This study examined the relationship between evaluations of academic support services and student athletes' career decision-making self-efficacy. One hundred and fifty-eight NCAA athletes (68% male) from 11 Division I teams completed measures of satisfaction with their academic support services, career decision-making self-efficacy, general…

Burns, Gary N.; Jasinski, Dale; Dunn, Steve; Fletcher, Duncan

2013-01-01

230

Initial Teacher Education: Does Self-Efficacy Influence Candidate Teacher Academic Achievement and Future Career Performance?  

Science.gov (United States)

This quantitative investigation examined the influence of low and high self-efficacy on candidate teacher academic performance in a foreign language teaching methodology course through testing the speculation that high self-efficacy levels would improve pedagogical-content knowledge (PCK). Positivism guided the research design at the levels of…

Shawer, Saad F.

2013-01-01

231

Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Mediation Effect of Self-Regulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Specifying the mechanism through which perceived self-efficacy affects one's behavior has been one of the main concerns of researchers and educators particularly in entrepreneurship domain due to the critical role that entrepreneurial self-efficacy plays in motivating and enabling individuals to establish a new venture. This study examines…

Pihie, Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope; Bagheri, Afsaneh

2013-01-01

232

Attribution and Self-Efficacy and Their Interrelationship in the Korean EFL Context  

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This study examined the interrelationships between learners' attributions and self-efficacy and their achievements in learning English as a foreign language. Participants were 192 ninth-grade English learners in Korea who were asked to provide attribution and self-efficacy ratings upon receiving test grades. Results indicated that learners with…

Hsieh, Peggy Pei-Hsuan; Kang, Hyun-Sook

2010-01-01

233

Social Support Reciprocity and Occupational Self-Efficacy Beliefs during Mothers' Organizational Re-Entry  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study assesses the effects of a lack of social support reciprocity at work on employees' occupational self-efficacy beliefs. We assume that the self-efficacy effects of received support and support reciprocity depend on the specific work context (e.g., phase in the process of organizational socialization). 297 women who returned to…

Jaeckel, Dalit; Seiger, Christine P.; Orth, Ulrich; Wiese, Bettina S.

2012-01-01

234

School Psychologists' Sense of Self-Efficacy for Consultation  

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The Consultation Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) was developed and validated to assess school psychologists' perceptions of self-efficacy for engaging in school-based consultation. A pilot study with graduate students (N = 92) indicated high internal consistency (a = 0.99) and provided evidence of discriminant validity, as a group with more…

Guiney, Meaghan C.; Harris, Abigail; Zusho, Akane; Cancelli, Anthony

2014-01-01

235

Ideal Teacher Behaviors: Student Motivation and Self-Efficacy Predict Preferences  

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Differences in students' academic self-efficacy and motivation were examined in predicting preferred teacher traits. Undergraduates (261) completed the Teaching Behavior Checklist, Academic Self-Concept scale, and Academic Motivation scale. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that academic self-efficacy and extrinsic motivation explained…

Komarraju, Meera

2013-01-01

236

The Effect of Self-Assessment on EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy  

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This study investigated the continuous influence of self-assessment on EFL (English as a foreign language) learners' self-efficacy. The participants, divided into an experimental and a control group, were 57 Iranian EFL learners in an English-language institute. The participants' self-efficacy was measured through a questionnaire that…

Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Masoun, Atieh

2013-01-01

237

Path Analysis Examining Self-Efficacy and Decision-Making Performance on a Simulated Baseball Task  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision-making self-efficacy and decision-making performance in sport. Undergraduate students (N = 78) performed 10 trials of a decision-making task in baseball. Self-efficacy was measured before performing each trial. Decision-making performance was assessed by decision speed and…

Hepler, Teri J.; Feltz, Deborah L.

2012-01-01

238

The Effect of Communication Skills and Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills on Social Self-Efficacy  

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The purpose of this study was to examine communication skills, interpersonal problem solving skills, and social self-efficacy perception of adolescents and the predictive role of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. This study is a quantitative and relational study aimed at examining the…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2013-01-01

239

Mastery of Negative Affect: A Hierarchical Model of Emotional Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

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Building on previous studies that formulated measures for assessing self-efficacy beliefs regarding the management of anger/irritation and despondency/sadness, we developed 3 new scales to assess perceived self-efficacy in managing fear, shame/embarrassment, and guilt. In Study 1, the internal and construct validity of the 5 aforementioned…

Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Di Giunta, Laura; Pastorelli, Concetta; Eisenberg, Nancy

2013-01-01

240

Student and Teacher Self-Efficacy and the Connection to Reading and Writing  

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Self-efficacy or the belief in one's ability (Bandura, 1977) on the part of both teachers and students is thought to be directly related to teacher and student success. Few studies have compared teacher efficacy, student efficacy, and student ability at once. This study examined the relationship between teacher self-efficacy, student…

Corkett, Julie; Hatt, Blaine; Benevides, Tina

2011-01-01

241

Interaction between Task Values and Self-Efficacy on Maladaptive Achievement Strategy Use  

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We tested the interaction between task value and self-efficacy on defensive pessimism, academic cheating, procrastination and self-handicapping among 574 Korean 11th graders in the context of English as a foreign language. We hypothesised that perceiving high value in tasks or domains for which self-efficacy was low would pose a threat to…

Lee, Jeesoo; Bong, Mimi; Kim, Sung-il

2014-01-01

242

Sources of Self-Efficacy: An Investigation of Elementary School Students in France  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of Bandura's (1997) theorized sources of self-efficacy on the academic and self-regulatory efficacy beliefs of 3rd-grade elementary school students (N = 395) in France, to examine whether classroom context might explain a significant portion of the variation in self-efficacy, and to assess…

Joet, Gwenaelle; Usher, Ellen L.; Bressoux, Pascal

2011-01-01

243

Relationships between Teachers' Creativity Fostering Behaviors and Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

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This study aims to examine primary and secondary school teachers' creativity fostering behaviors and self-efficacy beliefs according to gender and subject matters taught by teachers and to investigate the relationships between teachers' creativity fostering behaviors and their self-efficacy beliefs. The study was conducted with the…

Ozkal, Nese

2014-01-01

244

Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Prospective Primary Mathematics Teachers about Mathematical Literacy  

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The aim of this study was to examine the self-efficacy beliefs about mathematical literacy among teachers of primary school mathematics and the relationship between the self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics. To that end, a descriptive research study was conducted with 550 prospective teachers studying primary school mathematics…

Yavuz, Gunes; Gunhan, Berna Canturk; Ersoy, Esen; Narli, Serkan

2013-01-01

245

The Self-Efficacy Scale for Preschool Teachers Regarding Asthma Care: Instrument Development and Validation  

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Background: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire that assesses preschool teachers' self-efficacy in providing asthma care. Methods: A total of 407 teachers from 54 preschools in Taiwan participated in the study by completing the asthma management self-efficacy scale. We assessed…

Gau, Bih-Shya; Hung, Chao-Chia

2014-01-01

246

Middle School Students' Science Self-Efficacy and Its Sources: Examination of Gender Difference  

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The main purpose of the present study is to investigate middle school students' science self-efficacy as well as its sources and outcomes as a function of gender. Bandura's hypothesized sources of self-efficacy (i.e., mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal) in addition to being inviting with self and…

Kiran, Dekant; Sungur, Semra

2012-01-01

247

Informational Sources, Self-Efficacy and Achievement: A Temporally Displaced Approach  

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Personal self-efficacy is an important theoretical orientation that helps to explain students' learning and academic achievements. One area of research inquiry has involved the four major sources of information and their predictive effects on self-efficacy. As an extension for examination, the purpose of our investigation was to explore the…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2012-01-01

248

Effects of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support on Teacher Self-Efficacy  

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This study examined the relationships between implementation of a school-wide approach to behavior, School-wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS), and teacher self-efficacy. Twenty-two teachers from schools implementing SWPBS and 40 teachers from schools not implementing SWPBS completed a questionnaire measuring aspects of self-efficacy.…

Kelm, Joanna L.; McIntosh, Kent

2012-01-01

249

Beginning Generalist Teacher Self-Efficacy for Music Compared with Maths and English  

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In 2008, 201 beginning generalist teachers throughout Queensland, Australia, responded to a questionnaire intended to create a snapshot of current self-efficacy beliefs towards teaching music. Beginning teachers were asked to rank their perceived level of teacher self-efficacy for music, English and maths. Results were analysed through a series of…

Garvis, Susanne

2013-01-01

250

Measuring the Sources of Self-Efficacy among Secondary School Music Students  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the four sources of self-efficacy in music performance and examine responses from the Music Performance Self-Efficacy Scale (MPSES). Participants (N = 290) were middle and high school music students from 10 schools in two regions of the United States. Questions included the following: (1) How much…

Zelenak, Michael S.

2015-01-01

251

Research Design and the Predictive Power of Measures of Self-Efficacy  

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The purpose of this enquiry was to examine how research design impacts on the predictive power of measures of self-efficacy. Three cautions for designing research into self-efficacy drawn from the seminal work of Albert Bandura (1986) and a further caution proposed by the current author together form the analytical framework for this enquiry. For…

Moriarty, Beverley

2014-01-01

252

Social Self-Efficacy, Academic Locus of Control, and Internet Addiction  

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The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of internet addiction, social self-efficacy, and academic locus of control. Participants were 311 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Academic Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale. The…

Iskender, Murat; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

253

Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity Scale  

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This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation yielded five factors: self-efficacy to overcome internal, harassment, physical…

Dwyer, John J. M.; Chulak, Tala; Maitland, Scott; Allison, Kenneth R.; Lysy, Daria C.; Faulkner, Guy E. J.; Sheeshka, Judy

2012-01-01

254

Generalized Self-Efficacy Expectancies and Optimism as Predictors of Growth Group Outcomes.  

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Examined optimism, generalized self-efficacy, and interactions between these variables, along with member expectancies for group, as predictors of growth group outcomes. Results based on student responses (N=19) indicate that the ability of initial expectancies to predict outcome depended on the level of generalized self-efficacy. (RJM)

Lightsey, Owen Richard, Jr.

1997-01-01

255

Developing Teaching Self-Efficacy in Research Institutions: A Study of Award-Winning Professors  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the sources of award-wining research professors' (six women; six men) teaching self-efficacy through the framework of Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory. Semi-structured interviews revealed that mastery experiences and social persuasions were particularly influential sources of self-efficacy and that…

Morris, David B.; Usher, Ellen L.

2011-01-01

256

Self-Efficacy, Motivation, and Academic Adjustment among African American Women Attending Institutions of Higher Education  

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This study examined the relationships among self-efficacy beliefs, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and academic adjustment among 111 African American women in college. Results revealed that self-efficacy beliefs predicted Motivation to Know, Externally Regulated motivation, Identified motivation, and academic adjustment. Furthermore,…

Thomas, Deneia M.; Love, Keisha M.; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Tyler, Keneth M.; Brown, Carrie Lynn; Garriott, Patton O.

2009-01-01

257

A Qualitative Exploration of Higher Self-Efficacy String Students Preparing for a Competition  

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This study examined and qualitatively described the music practice behaviors, strategies, and thoughts of four high school string students who indicated a high string playing self-efficacy. Concepts of practice, motivation, achievement, and self-efficacy were linked together to analyze tendencies and summarize strategies. These students were…

Clark, Jennifer Cahill

2013-01-01

258

A Survey Study of Chinese In-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy about Inclusive Education  

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A survey study was conducted to a total of 323 in-service teachers (110 special education teachers and 213 general education teachers) in Shanghai regarding their self-efficacy and concerns about inclusive education. Multivariate analysis results reveal that special teachers have significantly higher self-efficacy about inclusive education than…

Wang, Mian; Zan, Fei; Liu, Jiaqiu; Liu, Chunling; Sharma, Umesh

2012-01-01

259

Self-Efficacy in Internet-Based Learning Environments: A Literature Review  

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This paper reviews 46 papers from 1999 to 2009 regarding self-efficacy in Internet-based learning environments, and discusses three major categories of research: (1) learners' Internet self-efficacy, assessing learners' confidence in their skills or knowledge of operating general Internet functions or applications in Internet-based learning; (2)…

Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chuang, Shih-Chyueh; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Meng-Jung

2011-01-01

260

Internet Self-Efficacy Preferences of Internet Based Environments and Achievement of Prospective Teachers  

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The aims of this study are to determine prospective chemistry teachers' internet self-efficacy and preferences of constructivist internet-assisted environments and to examine the relationship between their internet self-efficacy and their preferences for constructivist internet-assisted environments, the relationship between their achievement in…

Ozyalcin Oskay, Ozge

2011-01-01

261

The Relationship between General Self-Efficacy Belief and Burnout Level among Turkish Academicians  

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The aim of this study is to examine the relation between burnout level and general self-efficacy beliefs of academicians working in School of Physical Education and Sport. 178 Academicians working at various universities in Turkey participated in this study. The General Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Schwarzer and Jerusalem (1995), adapted to…

Sevindi, Tarik

2013-01-01

262

The Effects of Participant Modeling on Self-Efficacy, Incentive, Productivity, and Performance.  

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This study investigated the effect of participant modeling on college students' self-efficacy, incentive, productivity, and performance on a self-regulated task (writing test items on class content). Half the students received participant modeling from the instructor. Measures of self-efficacy, incentive, and performance indicated that participant…

Newman, E. Jean; Tuckman, Bruce W.

1997-01-01

263

interna y al diálogo transcultural  

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Full Text Available Inspirado en los conceptos de An-Na´im (1995 del discurso interno y el diálogo transcultural, este artículo está focalizado en el análisis de dos herramientas que usan los practicantes de derecho y los usuarios del Consultorio Jurídico Rural de Fredonia (Antioquia durante su interacción y que, de ser estimuladas adecuadamente, pueden derivar no solo en procesos pedagógicos de refl exión sobre presupuestos fundamentales en materia de derechos, sino que también pueden llegar a constituirse en estrategias que permitan la actualización de las expectativas de los propios sujetos frente a su cultura. Para el caso de los practicantes, se explora en el tránsito entre dos lenguajes, uno eminentemente jurídico y otro coloquial, donde se da un acercamiento al lenguaje y valores de los consultantes. Ya en lo que atañe a los usuarios del Consultorio Jurídico, el análisis se construye en torno a la red local de consejos, pieza clave a partir de la cual se articulan ideas y valores de los actores sobre su entorno, pero donde el hilo conductor es la intención de resolver un confl icto por la vía jurídica.

Silvia Monroy \\u00C1lvarez

2007-01-01

264

Self-efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, Anxiety and Mathematics Achievement: Findings from Turkey, Japan and Finland  

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Full Text Available In this study, relationships among self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation and anxiety were investigated across Turkey, Japan and Finland to predict the PISA 2003 mathematics performance. The data of student questionnaire was used in the study. In three of the countries, self-efficacy positively predicted mathematics achievement and this effect was relatively higher in Finland and mediating roles of intrinsic motivation and anxiety between self-efficacy and mathematics achievement were quite small. To investigate the possible sources of self-efficacy beliefs in different cultures may contribute to understand the differences on the relationship between self-efficacy and achievement. Also findings suggest that examining joint relationships when evaluating the strength of relationships among motivational beliefs and achievement are important.

Selada Y?ld?r?m

2011-06-01

265

Self-efficacy and its application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a critical review  

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Full Text Available Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, a prevalent progressively disabling disease affecting one or both knee joints requires extensive self-management. Self-efficacy, a psychological attribute generally denoting one’s perceived belief about their ability to successfully perform a particular behavior, including health behaviors, is a significant predictor of psychological well-being, adherence to prescribed treatments, and pain coping mechanisms in persons with various forms of chronic disease, including arthritis. This paper examines the available peer-reviewed research published over the last 35 years detailing: i the concept of self-efficacy, ii the relationship between self-efficacy and adjustment to arthritis, iii the research concerning self-efficacy in the context of knee osteoarthritis disability, and iv some promising approaches for promoting the wellbeing of adults with knee osteoarthritis through the application of self-efficacy theory and other approaches. Based on this data, directions for future research and practice are offered.

Ray Marks

2012-01-01

266

Changes in Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy: From Science Methods to Student Teaching  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to assess preservice teachers self-efficacy at different stages of their educationalcareer in an attempt to determine the extent to which self-efficacy beliefs may change over time. In addition, thecritical incidents, which may contribute to changes in self-efficacy, were also investigated. The instrument usedin the study was the Teaching Science as Inquiry (TSI Instrument. The TSI Instrument was administered to 38preservice elementary teachers to measure the self-efficacy beliefs of the teacher participants in regard to theteaching of science as inquiry. Based on the results and the associated data analysis, mean and median valuesdemonstrate positive change for self-efficacy and outcome expectancy throughout the data collection period.

Lori A. Smolleck

2011-12-01

267

Pedagogical approaches, contextual variables, and the development of student self-efficacy in undergraduate physics courses  

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Self-efficacy, or a person's situation-specific belief that s/he can succeed in a given task, has been successful in a variety of educational studies for predicting behaviors such as perseverance and success (grades), and for understanding which behaviors are attempted or avoided. The focus of this study was to examine if classroom factors such as teaching strategies and classroom climate contribute to students' physics self-efficacy. 121 undergraduates in first semester, calculus-based introductory physics courses completed surveys assessing course experiences, self-efficacy and other outcome variables, and demographic information. Students in sections including a mix of teaching strategies did significantly better than students in the traditional section on outcome variables including self-efficacy. When individual strategies were examined, the strongest relationships were found between cooperative learning strategies and all sources of self-efficacy, and between climate variables and all sources of efficacy.

Fencl, Heidi S.; Scheel, Karen R.

2005-10-21

268

Preliminary studies of adaptation of Self- efficacy Scale for Sources of Mathematics  

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Full Text Available In the field of educational psychologically the construct of self-efficacy has received special attention. It has been shown that those students who trust in their own abilities get better academic performance. However, few studies analyze the sources of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy believes are developed according to how people interpret information coming from four different sources: experience skills, vicarious learning, social persuasion, and physiological states. Recently, Usher & Pajares (2009 developed an instrument to assess sources of self-efficacy in Math. The goal of the present work was to evaluate psychometric properties of this scale in a local sample of adolescents from 13 to 15 years old. Preliminary results supported the use of this measure as an adequate alternative to assess self-efficacy in Math. However, more studies are needed in order to obtain a measure more contextualized to the educational system of local students.

Ramírez Flores, Celia María

2011-07-01

269

The Combined Effects of Classroom Teaching and Learning Strategy Use on Students' Chemistry Self-Efficacy  

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For students to be successful in school chemistry, a strong sense of self-efficacy is essential. Chemistry self-efficacy can be defined as students' beliefs about the extent to which they are capable of performing specific chemistry tasks. According to Bandura (Psychol. Rev. 84:191-215, 1977), students acquire information about their level of self-efficacy from four sources: performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. No published studies have investigated how instructional strategies in chemistry lessons can provide students with positive experiences with these four sources of self-efficacy information and how the instructional strategies promote students' chemistry self-efficacy. In this study, questionnaire items were constructed to measure student perceptions about instructional strategies, termed efficacy-enhancing teaching, which can provide positive experiences with the four sources of self-efficacy information. Structural equation modeling was then applied to test a hypothesized mediation model, positing that efficacy-enhancing teaching positively affects students' chemistry self-efficacy through their use of deep learning strategies such as metacognitive control strategies. A total of 590 chemistry students at nine secondary schools in Hong Kong participated in the survey. The mediation model provided a good fit to the student data. Efficacy-enhancing teaching had a direct effect on students' chemistry self-efficacy. Efficacy-enhancing teaching also directly affected students' use of deep learning strategies, which in turn affected students' chemistry self-efficacy. The implications of these findings for developing secondary school students' chemistry self-efficacy are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2014-05-01

270

Self-Efficacy, Performance, Training and Well-Being of Industrial Workers in Lagos, Nigeria  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether Self- Efficacy (SE has anything to do with industrialemployees’ training, performance and well-being in Nigeria industrial settings. Self-Efficacy (belief about one’sability to accomplish specific tasks form a central role in the regulatory process through which an individual’smotivation and performance are governed. It also affects employees’ training and well-being. The descriptivesurvey research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted. The population for the study consisted ofemployees of SKG Lagos, Glaxo, Ikeja and Smithkline Beecham, Ogba. The simple random sampling techniquewas used to select 274 respondents for the study. Four research instruments structured on a modified four pointrating format of Strongly Agree (SA=4, Agree (A=3, Disagree (D=2. Strongly Disagree (SD=1 were used andhaving reliability coefficient of: Self-Efficacy Scale (SES=0.85; Training Acquisition Scale (TAS=0.80; WorkPerformance Scale (WPS=0.82 and Well-being Scale (WBS=0.87. Data were analyzed with t-test statistic. Thefinding revealed that workers with high self-efficacy are higher performers of assigned duties than those withlow selfefficacy, workers with high level of self-efficacy are more amenable to training than those with lowlevel of selfefficacy and workers with high self-efficacy are better in their well-being than those with low selfefficacy. It was recommended that industrial social worker should work on the psychic of the workers so thattheir self-efficacy can be developed or strengthen positively with the intent of promoting higher performance,adaptability to training and fostering of employees well-being.

E. M. Ajala

2013-05-01

271

The Combined Effects of Classroom Teaching and Learning Strategy Use on Students' Chemistry Self-Efficacy  

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For students to be successful in school chemistry, a strong sense of self-efficacy is essential. Chemistry self-efficacy can be defined as students' beliefs about the extent to which they are capable of performing specific chemistry tasks. According to Bandura (Psychol. Rev. 84:191-215, 1977), students acquire information about their level of self-efficacy from four sources: performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. No published studies have investigated how instructional strategies in chemistry lessons can provide students with positive experiences with these four sources of self-efficacy information and how the instructional strategies promote students' chemistry self-efficacy. In this study, questionnaire items were constructed to measure student perceptions about instructional strategies, termed efficacy-enhancing teaching, which can provide positive experiences with the four sources of self-efficacy information. Structural equation modeling was then applied to test a hypothesized mediation model, positing that efficacy-enhancing teaching positively affects students' chemistry self-efficacy through their use of deep learning strategies such as metacognitive control strategies. A total of 590 chemistry students at nine secondary schools in Hong Kong participated in the survey. The mediation model provided a good fit to the student data. Efficacy-enhancing teaching had a direct effect on students' chemistry self-efficacy. Efficacy-enhancing teaching also directly affected students' use of deep learning strategies, which in turn affected students' chemistry self-efficacy. The implications of these findings for developing secondary school students' chemistry self-efficacy are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2015-02-01

272

Maternal feeding self-efficacy and fruit and vegetable intakes in infants. Results from the SAIDI study.  

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Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) is a characteristic of a healthy diet but remains a challenge in nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study explored the multi-directional relationships between maternal feeding self-efficacy, parenting confidence, child feeding behaviour, exposure to new food and FV intake in a cohort of 277 infants. Mothers with healthy infants weighing ?2500?g and ?37?weeks gestation were recruited post-natally from 11 South Australian hospitals. Socio-demographic data were collected at recruitment. At 6?months postnatal, infants were weighed and measured, and mothers completed a questionnaire exploring their perceptions of child feeding behaviour and child exposure to new foods. The questionnaire also included the Short Temperament Scale for Infants, Kessler 10 to measure maternal psychological distress and 5 items measuring maternal feeding self-efficacy. The number of occasions and variety of FV (number of subgroups within food groups) consumed by infants were estimated from a 24-hour dietary recall and 2?days food record. Structural equation modelling was performed using Mplus version 6.11. Median (IQR) variety scores were 2 (1-3) for fruit and 3 (2-5) for vegetable intake. The most popular FV consumed were apple (n?=?108, 45.0%) and pumpkin (n?=?143, 56.3%). None of the variables studied predicted the variety of child fruit intake. Parenting confidence, exposure to new foods and child feeding behaviour were indirectly related to child vegetable intake through maternal feeding self-efficacy while total number of children negatively predicted child vegetable variety (p?children. PMID:24911620

Koh, Gloria A; Scott, Jane A; Woodman, Richard J; Kim, Susan W; Daniels, Lynne A; Magarey, Anthea M

2014-10-01

273

Writing self-efficacy changes after cognitive strategy intervention in students with learning disabilities: the mediational role of gender in calibration.  

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This study examines the mediational role of gender in the effects of two patterns of cognitive and self-regulatory strategy interventions in the writing self-efficacy calibration of students with learning disabilities (LD). 121 5th and 6th Primary grade students with LD (43 girls and 78 boys), ranging in age from 10 to 12 years old were randomly allocated either to one of the experimental intervention groups, (n=48, 19 girls and 29 boys), and followed a intervention program based on the Self-Regulated Strategy Development Model, or they received training based on the Social Cognitive Model of Sequential Skill Acquisition (n=31, 15 girls and 26 boys), or alternatively they were allocated to the ordinary instruction group (n=32, 9 girls and 23 boys). Writing performance was assessed using two types of writing evaluation: a reader-based score concerned with structure, coherence and quality, and a text based score regarding productivity, coherence and structure. Writing self-efficacy beliefs were also assessed using a self-report scale including eight items about the students' confidence in completing a writing task and to gain specific writing skills. The results suggest that the miscalibration of writing self-efficacy in girls with LD was significantly modified to a more realistic calibration of their writing competence after experimental intervention. However, the findings do not confirm the same clear statement for boys. PMID:18988428

García, Jesús-Nicasio; Fidalgo, Raquel

2008-11-01

274

The effect of computer-based resuscitation simulation on nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction.  

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Computer-based simulation has intuitive appeal to both educators and learners with the flexibility of time, place, immediate feedback, and self-paced and consistent curriculum. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of computer-based simulation on nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction between computer-based simulation plus instructor-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation training group and instructor-led resuscitation training-only group. This study was a nonequivalent control group posttest-only design. There were 213 second year nursing students randomly assigned to one of two groups: 109 nursing students with computer-based simulation or 104 with control group. Overall nursing students' performance score was higher in the computer-based simulation group than in the control group but reached no statistical significance (t = 1.086, p = .283). There were no significant differences in resuscitation-specific self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction between the two groups. Computer-based simulation combined with hands-on practice did not affect in nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction in nursing students. Further study must be conducted to inform instructional design and help integrate computer-based simulation and rigorous scoring rubrics. PMID:25087325

Roh, Young Sook; Kim, Sang Suk

2014-01-01

275

A nurse-family partnership intervention to increase the self-efficacy of family caregivers and reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection in catheterized patients.  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a nurse-family partnership model on the self-efficacy of family caregivers (FCs) and the incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) among patients. A randomized controlled study was conducted. We recruited 61 patients and their FCs, who were randomly divided into an experimental group (n?=?30) and a control group (n?=?31). In the experimental group, the main caregivers comprised a nurse-family partnership, whereas the control participants received routine care. The findings were as follows: (i) the incidence of CAUTI was lower in the experimental group than in the control group (20% vs. 38.8%), but the difference was not statistically significant; and (ii) no significant difference emerged for reported Caregiver Self-Efficacy Score between the two groups. The nursing team and FCs must become partners in cooperative caregiving to enhance the quality of patient care. PMID:24750286

Lee, Kwo-Chen; Chao, Yann-Fen C; Wang, Yueh-Mien; Lin, Pi-Chu

2014-04-22

276

Modeling the Interrelationships Among Pre-service Science Teachers' Understanding and Acceptance of Evolution, Their Views on Nature of Science and Self-Efficacy Beliefs Regarding Teaching Evolution  

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This study proposed a path model of relationships among understanding and acceptance of evolution, views on nature of science, and self-efficacy beliefs regarding teaching evolution. A total of 415 pre-service science teachers completed a series of self-report instruments for the specified purpose. After the estimation of scale scores using unidimensional IRT models, path analysis suggested that sophisticated views on NOS were associated with higher levels of both understanding and acceptance of evolution, and the higher level of understanding of evolution was related to the higher level of acceptance of evolution. Besides, higher levels of both understanding and acceptance of the theory and naïve views on NOS were found to be associated with stronger self-efficacy beliefs for teaching evolution effectively.

Akyol, Gülsüm; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Traynor, Anne

2012-12-01

277

The Role of Different Types of Feedback in the Reciprocal Interaction of Teaching Performance and Self-Efficacy Belief  

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The purpose of this study was to explore the role of feedback based on self-efficacy belief sources in the reciprocal interaction of teaching performance and self-efficacy beliefs. A single case study design was employed to address and began to bridge the gap in our understanding of the relationship between feedback, self-efficacy belief and…

Akkuzu, Nalan

2014-01-01

278

Gender Differences in School Children's Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Students' and Teachers' Perspectives  

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This small scale study examined gender differences in self-efficacy. 24 girls and 28 boys aged between 10 and 12 years completed self-efficacy questionnaires and attainment tests. The study was conducted in two primary school classrooms in England and the results indicated that gender differences in self-efficacy were significant with boys holding…

Webb-Williams, Jane

2014-01-01

279

The Use of the "Teaching as Inquiry Model" to Develop Students' Self-Efficacy in Literature Response Essay Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a project conducted with Year 12 English students. It was based on the model of "Teaching as Inquiry" (Ministry of Education, 2007) and aimed to develop students' self-efficacy in relation to their literature-response essay writing. Self-efficacy was measured using Bandura's (2006) self-efficacy scale and an intervention was…

Featonby, Amy

2012-01-01

280

Agricultural Personnel’s Proactive Behavior: Effects of Self efficacy Perceptions and Perceived Organizational Support  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A model for predicting psychological empowerment and proactive behavior was examined with 80 agricultural personnel from Karaj, Iran country. They completed measures of perceived organizational support (POS, psychological empowerment (PE, self efficacy (JSE, and proactive behavior (PB. Results supported the conceptual framework of study for understanding internal and motivational underpinnings that may contribute to explain psychological empowerment and proactive behavior. Perceived organizational support and self efficacy related positively to psychological empowerment and proactive behavior, and perceived organizational support and self efficacy each contributed distinctive variance to the explanation of psychological empowerment. Self efficacy partially mediated the relationship between perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment, psychological empowerment partially mediated the relationship between self efficacy and proactive behavior, and the combination of psychological empowerment and self efficacy fully mediated the relationship between perceived organizational support and proactive behavior. Finally, the research provided managerial implications.
Key words: Psychological Empowerment (PE; Proactive Behavior (PB; Perceived Organizational Support (POS; Self Efficacy

Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi

2012-03-01

281

Physical activity intervention effects on perceived stress in working mothers: the role of self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Working mothers often report elevated stress, and efforts to improve their coping resources are needed to buffer the detrimental effects of stress on health. This study examined the impact of changes in physical activity, self-efficacy, and self-regulation across the course of a brief intervention on subsequent levels of stress in working mothers. Participants (N = 141) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control condition (2:1 ratio). The intervention was conducted in Illinois between March 2011 and January 2012 and consisted of two group-mediated workshop sessions with content based on social cognitive theory. Participants completed measures of physical activity, self-efficacy, self-regulation, and perceived stress at baseline, immediately postintervention, and 6-month follow-up. Stress levels declined across the 6-month period in both groups. Changes in stress were negatively associated with changes in self-efficacy and self-regulation among intervention participants only. Regression analyses revealed the intervention elicited short-term increases in physical activity, self-efficacy, and self-regulation, but only changes in self-efficacy predicted perceived stress at 6-month follow-up. These results suggest that enhancing self-efficacy is likely to improve working mothers' perceived capabilities to cope with stressors in their lives. Future interventions should continue to focus on increasing self-efficacy to promote improvements in physical activity and psychological well-being in this population. PMID:24964227

Mailey, Emily L; McAuley, Edward

2014-01-01

282

Financial Hardship, Unmet Medical Need, and Health Self-Efficacy Among African American Men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Health self-efficacy (the confidence to take care of one's health) is a key component in ensuring that individuals are active partners in their health and health care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between financial hardship and health self-efficacy among African American men and to determine if unmet medical need due to cost potentially mediates this association. Method. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from a convenience sample of African American men who attended a 1-day annual community health fair in Northeast Ohio (N = 279). Modified Poisson regression models were estimated to obtain the relative risk of reporting low health self-efficacy. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, those reporting financial hardship were 2.91 times, RR = 2.91 (confidence interval [1.24, 6.83]; p health self-efficacy. When unmet medical need due to cost was added to the model, the association between financial hardship and low health self-efficacy was no longer statistically significant. Conclusion. Our results suggest that the association between financial hardship and health self-efficacy can be explained by unmet medical need due to cost. Possible intervention efforts among African American men with low financial resources should consider expanding clinical and community-based health assessments to capture financial hardship and unmet medical need due to cost as potential contributors to low health self-efficacy. PMID:25413374

Tucker-Seeley, Reginald D; Mitchell, Jamie A; Shires, Deirdre A; Modlin, Charles S

2014-11-19

283

Self-Efficacy in EFL: Difference among Proficiency Groups and Relationship with Success  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study intended to investigate the self-efficacy of EFL students enrolled at Gaziantep University’s School of Foreign Languages (GUSFL. More specifically, the aim was to explore EFL self-efficacy level of the students in relation to their academic success in English. In addition, demographic variables such as students’ age and gender were studied in relation to their self-efficacy. This study was conducted in the spring semester of 2007-2008 academic years. One hundred seventy five preparatory students at GUSFL (60 females and 115 males participated in the study with the mean age of 19.7. The data were collected through the English as a Foreign Language Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (EFL-SEQ. The analysis of the EFL self-efficacy survey revealed that EFL learners at GUSFL had high sense of self-efficacy in language learning tasks. Therefore, self-efficacy was disclosed to be an influential aspect in students’ success in English language learning.

Filiz Yalç?n TILFARLIO?LU

2009-10-01

284

Do job autonomy and negotiation self-efficacy improve employment relationships?  

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Full Text Available This study investigated whether improving the employment relationship does more depend on negotiation selfefficacy or on task outonomy for a sample of employees from a Dutch telecom company. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the effects of negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy on integrative negotiation and the effect of integrative negotiation on psychological contract breach. Results indicate that employees negotiate more integratively when they have higher negotiation self-efficacy, compared to employees with more task autonomy. Empirical support was found for the prediction that higher negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy correlates with less psychological contract breach.

Peter R A Oeij

2006-02-01

285

Gambling control self-efficacy as a mediator of the effects of low emotional intelligence on problem gambling.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated whether lower emotional intelligence would be related to less self-efficacy to control gambling and more problem gambling and whether gambling self-efficacy would mediate the relationship between emotional intelligence and problem gambling. A total of 117 participants, including 49 women and 68 men, with an average age of 39.93 (SD = 13.87), completed an emotional intelligence inventory, a gambling control self-efficacy scale, and a measure of problem gambling. Lower emotional intelligence was related to lower gambling self-efficacy and more problem gambling. Gambling control self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between emotional intelligence and problem gambling. PMID:17096202

Kaur, Inderjit; Schutte, Nicola S; Thorsteinsson, Einar B

2006-12-01

286

Autoeficacia en escolares adolescentes: su relación con la depresión, el rendimiento académico y las relaciones familiares / Self-efficacy in school age adolescents: its relationship with depression, academic achievement and family relationships  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las relaciones familiares son estimadas como elementos mediadores en diferentes tipos de autoeficacia; no obstante existe poca evidencia sobre la mediación de las relaciones familiares con la autoeficacia académica. Con respecto a ésta última se ha reportado su relación con la ansiedad y poco se ha [...] documentado el vínculo con la depresión. En este trabajo se explora la relación entre la depresión, la autoeficacia académica, la dinámica familiar y el rendimiento académico. Participaron ochenta alumnos de educación secundaria, divididos en dos grupos en función de sus puntajes del Inventario de Depresión de Kovacs: en uno de ellos se incluyeron los que fueron identificados como deprimidos severos y en el otro, los que se diagnosticaron sin depresión. A ambos grupos les fueron aplicadas dos escalas: Clima Social en la Familia y Autoeficacia. Los resultados revelan una relación inversa entre depresión y autoeficacia total. La cohesión familiar correlaciona positivamente con la autoeficacia total y con el factor de autoeficacia académica en los sujetos sin depresión, en tanto que en los sujetos deprimidos severos las relaciones familiares conflictivas correlacionan de manera negativa tanto en el factor de autoeficacia social como en la autoeficacia académica. Abstract in english Family relationships are regarded as mediating elements in different types of self-efficacy. However, there is few evidence on the mediating of family relationships with academic self efficacy. In respect to the latter, its relation to anxiety has been reported and its link with depression has been [...] poorly documented. This work explores the relationship between depression, academic self-efficacy, family dynamics and academic achievement. Eighty middle school students participated, divided into two groups by their scores m Kovacs' Inventory of Depression. One group was formed with those students diagnosed with severe depression; the other one was formed with students diagnosed without depression. Both groups were applied two scales: that of Family Enviromental Scale and that of Self Efficacy. The results show an inverse relationship between depression and total self-efficacy. Family cohesion positively correlates total self efficacy and the factor of academic self efficacy on subjects without depression, while, on subjects severely depressed, conflictive family relations correlate in a negative way both the social self efficacy factor and the total academic self efficacy.

Iris X., Galicia-Moyeda; Alejandra, Sánchez-Velasco; Francisco J., Robles-Ojeda.

2013-05-01

287

Interventions to increase self-efficacy in the context of addiction behaviours: a systematic literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the effectiveness of interventions aimed at increasing self-efficacy and consequently, changing addiction behaviours. Electronic databases were searched and bibliographies of retrieved references scanned. Ten studies targeting tobacco smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use met the inclusion criteria. The interventions ranged from computer-generated tailored letters to intensive group-based interventions. Seven of the 10 studies reported positive effects of interventions upon self-efficacy. The two that assessed behaviour change reported a significant effect but as neither performed mediation analyses, behaviour change could not reliably be attributed to self-efficacy change. In conclusion, self-efficacy can be increased using a range of methods. There is, however, little evidence to determine whether such increases change behaviour. PMID:18519435

Hyde, J; Hankins, M; Deale, A; Marteau, T M

2008-07-01

288

Test of a Self-Efficacy Model of Interpersonal Communication Competence.  

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Finds that self-efficacy mediates the effect of past experience and situation difficulty on interpersonal communication outcomes, with interpersonal communication competence directly effecting rewarding, satisfying communication. Provides concurrent validity information on the Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale. (SR)

Rubin, Rebecca B.; And Others

1993-01-01

289

An Empirical Examination of a Four-component of Creative Self-efficacy among Undergraduate Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Creativity is very important to undergraduate students’careers as other important ability and skills. In this study, the author surveyed 135 undergraduate students who study in Zhejiang Gongshang University, China. Their majors is a wide range. The survey is about their creative self-efficacy. Creative self-efficacy and other key variables were measured by subjective way, using self-described questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis, MANOVA and so on were used to get the results. The results showed that confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit of theoretical construct of the scale. Creative self-efficacy had four dimensions. This paper makes a valuable contribution to creative self-efficacy literatures and university education. This study also will give some theoretical supports for university, the academic communities and other parties who are devoted in improving undergraduate students’creativity.

Chen Yu

2013-01-01

290

Help seeking, self-efficacy, and writing performance among college students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Adaptive help seeking and self-efficacy have been examined extensively over the last 20 years, but few studies have investigated their role in writing center tutoring, which has become an important component of process-oriented writing instruction. Using data collected over an 8-year period, this study analyzes the effect of writing self-efficacy (assessed using established self-efficacy scales and help-seeking behavior (measured by frequency of writing center visitation on writing performance as measured by composition grades. Participants were 671 undergraduates, approximately half of whom were international students for whom English was a second or third language. Data analyses showed an inverse correlation between self-efficacy and help-seeking behavior. In addition, high levels of help-seeking behavior resulted in better performance in composition classes, especially for the ESL participants; indeed, this behavior was the strongest predictor of success.

Williams, James D.

2011-07-01

291

Learning to teach effectively: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate teaching assistants' teaching self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are important in the teaching of undergraduate students (Golde & Dore, 2001). However, they are often poorly prepared for teaching (Luft, Kurdziel, Roehrig, & Turner, 2004). This dissertation addresses teaching effectiveness in three related manuscripts: (1) A position paper that summarizes the current research on and develops a model of GTA teaching effectiveness. (2) An adaptation and validation of two instruments; GTA perception of teaching training and STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. (3) A model test of factors that predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Together these three papers address key questions in the understanding of teaching effectiveness in STEM GTAs including: (a) What is our current knowledge of factors that affect the teaching effectiveness of GTAs? (b) Given that teaching self-efficacy is strongly linked to teaching performance, how can we measure STEM GTAs teaching self-efficacy? (c) Is there a better way to measure GTA teaching training than currently exists? (d) What factors predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy? An original model for GTA teaching effectiveness was developed from a thorough search of the GTA teaching literature. The two instruments---perception of training and teaching self-efficacy---were tested through self-report surveys using STEM GTAs from six different universities including Oregon State University (OSU). The data was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Using GTAs from the OSU colleges of science and engineering, the model of sources of STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy was tested by administering self-report surveys and analyzed by using OLS regression analysis. Language and cultural proficiency, departmental teaching climate, teaching self-efficacy, GTA training, and teaching experience affect GTA teaching effectiveness. GTA teaching self-efficacy is a second-order factor combined from self-efficacy for instructional strategies and a positive learning environment. It is correlated to GTA perception of teaching training and university GTA training. The K-12 teaching experience, GTA perception of teaching training, and facilitating factors in the departmental climate predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Hours of GTA training and supervision are fully mediated by perception of GTA training. Implications for research and training of STEM GTAs are discussed.

Dechenne, Sue Ellen

292

The effects of collaborative concept mapping on the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth-grade students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to examine whether collaborative concept mapping would affect the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth grade science students. The research questions are: (1) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the achievement of female students in science? (2) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the science self-efficacy of female students? (3) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the attitudes of females toward science? The study was quasi-experimental and utilized a pretest-posttest design for both experimental and control groups. Eighth grade female and male students from three schools in a large northeastern school district participated in this study. The achievement test consisted of 10 multiple choice and two open-response questions and used questions from state-wide and national assessments as well as teacher-constructed items. A 29 item Likert type instrument (McMillan, 1992) was administered to measure science self-efficacy and attitude toward science. The study was of 12 weeks duration. During the study, experimental group students were asked to perform collaborative concept map construction in single sex dyads using specific terms designated by the classroom teacher and the researcher. During classroom visitations, student perceptions of collaborative concept mapping were collected and were used to provide insight into the results of the quantitative data analysis. Data from the pre and posttest instruments were analyzed for both experimental and control groups using t-tests. Additionally, the three teachers were interviewed and their perceptions of the study were also used to gain insight into the results of the study. The analysis of data showed that experimental group females showed significantly higher gains in achievement than control group females. An additional analysis of data showed experimental group males showed significantly greater gains in achievement than experimental group females. The analysis of science self-efficacy data showed that neither experimental nor control group females increased their scores pre to posttest, both showed small decreases in scores. However, the posttest scores of the experimental group females were significantly higher than the posttest scores of the control group females. The analysis of the attitude toward science survey data showed that the scores of the experimental group females did not change from pre to posttest. However, scores of the control group females declined from pre to posttest. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Ledger, Antoinette Frances

293

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and African American Male Students: An Examination of Models of Success  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to investigate the personal stories of African American men who excelled in mathematics to understand the impact of their self-efficacy beliefs on their motivation and subsequent academic achievement in mathematics at the postsecondary level. General analyses of autobiographies and interviews revealed that enactive attainment and vicarious experience were influential sources for these African American men.s self-efficacy beliefs and were supported by family, frie...

Iii, Richard Noble

2011-01-01

294

A Study on the Correlation between Self Efficacy and Foreign Language Learning Anxiety  

OpenAIRE

Anxiety in language learning is one of the less researched areas; that is why this study explores whether the anxiety level of foreign language learners is related to their self efficacy levels. For this purpose, 100 participants joined the study and the Foreign Language Learning Anxiety Scale and The Self Efficacy Scale were administered to them. The results show that both aspects are uncorrelated and gender plays no important role in terms of the anxiety level and self perception ratings of...

C?ubukc?u, Feryal

2008-01-01

295

Predictors Of Java Programming Self–Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

OpenAIRE

The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The resulting data wer...

Philip Olu Jegede

2009-01-01

296

The Effect Of Portfolio Assessment On University Students’ Self Efficacy And Life Skills  

OpenAIRE

In this study, the effect of portfolio assessment on university students? self-efficacy and life skills was researched. It aimed to find out the difference between assessment of the learning process and traditional way of assessment which only focuses on the product (learning outcomes). Portfolio assessment considers students from different perspectives and particularly focuses on students? affective characteristics. Therefore, in this study, studying on self-efficacy, peer and self asses...

Bahc?eci?, Dilber; Kuru, Mustafa

2008-01-01

297

The construction and evaluation of a questionnaire measuring self-efficacy for academic self-regulation  

OpenAIRE

Research has proven that academic success is strongly influenced by students perceived self-efficacy, and has resulted in tremendous contributions to the academic realm amongst others. Almost no research has been conducted on this topic within the South African context. The focal point of this study was to develop a questionnaire to measure self-efficacy for academic self-regulation, the belief in ones current ability to execute the necessary tasks for achieving academic success. ...

Gama, Sheldon Victor

2006-01-01

298

Differential effects of planning and self-efficacy on fruit and vegetable consumption  

OpenAIRE

To change dietary behaviors, people must be motivated to do so. But intentions often do not translate into behavior. Strategic planning (as a mediator) is expected to move people from intention to action. However, individuals who lack perceived self-efficacy might fail to apply their plans when encountering challenging situations. Thus, self-efficacy might operate as a moderator variable when it comes to studying the mediator effects of planning on behaviors. This study examines the interacti...

Richert, Jana; Reuter, Tabea; Wiedemann, Amelie U.; Lippke, Sonia; Ziegelmann, Jochen Philipp; Schwarzer, Ralf

2010-01-01

299

A Study of Self-efficacy in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Its Predictors  

OpenAIRE

Background and Objectives: Enhancement of empowerment in patients with coronary artery disease has a major role in the promotion of their health behaviors. Promotion of self-efficacy is a one of the ways for improving this skill, which has a significant impact on improving patients’ condition and on preventing complications and readmission. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of general, exercise, and diet behavior self-efficacies in coronary artery disease patients....

Ezzat Paryad; Touba Hosseinzade; Ehsan Kazemnejad; Shahla Asiri

2013-01-01

300

Effects of different evaluative feedback on students' self-efficacy in learning  

OpenAIRE

Two studies examined the effects of four types of teachers' evaluative feedback on Chinese students' self-efficacy in English vocabulary acquisition. In Study 1, a random sample of Grade 8 students (N = 79) learned prefixes and received either formative or summative feedback after failure in test. The results showed that students who received summative feedback showed a larger decrease in their self-efficacy than those who received formative feedback. In Study 2, a random sample of Grade 7 st...

Chan, Jcy; Lam, Sf

2010-01-01

301

The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Reductions in Smoking in a Contingency Management Procedure  

OpenAIRE

Social– cognitive and behavioral theories of change disagree on what the relevant controlling variables for initiating behavior change are. Correlations between baseline smoking cessation self-efficacy and the changes in breath carbon monoxide (CO) and the reduction in breath CO and increases in smoking cessation self-efficacy from baseline were obtained from a contingency management smoking cessation procedure. A test of the difference between the cross-lag correlations suggested a nonspur...

Romanowich, Paul; Mintz, Jim; Lamb, R. J.

2009-01-01

302

An interactive course to enhance self-efficacy of family practitioners to treat obesity  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Physicians' awareness of their important role in defusing the obesity epidemic has increased. However, the number of family practitioners who treat obesity problems continues to be low. Self-efficacy refers to the belief in one's ability to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments. Thus, practitioners who judge themselves incapable of managing obesity do not even try. We hypothesized that practitioners' self-efficacy...

Pasternak Shmuel; Feigenbaum Amiel; Katz Sara; Vinker Shlomo

2005-01-01

303

Assessment and correlates of teaching self-efficacy in a preschool and kindergarten teacher population  

OpenAIRE

Since teaching self-efficacy first came to the forefront of social cognition research in the 1970s, considerable amounts of research have been devoted to this topic. Research shows a relationship between increased teaching self-efficacy in teachers and a number of positive outcomes for students (e.g. Anderson, Greene, & Loewen, 1988; Midgley, Feldlaufer, & Eccles, 1989; Moore & Esselman, 1992; Ross, 1992) and teachers (Allinder, 1994; Coladarci, 1992; Greenwood, Olejnik, & Parkay, 1990). It i...

Quinn, Mirjam

2007-01-01

304

Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and the Use of Prescription Medication: A Pilot Study  

OpenAIRE

Objective. To examine the association of self-efficacy, perception of milk production, and lactating women's use of medication prescribed to increase breast milk in a cohort of 18–40-year-old mothers over six months. Methods. Mothers (n = 76) attending community clinics completed the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale and the Humenick/Hill Lactation Scale, a measure of perceived milk production, three times. Results. Domperidone, a dopamine antagonist, was used by 28% of participants. On ave...

Deborah Mansell; Cynthia Mannion

2012-01-01

305

Preliminary Investigation of the Sources of Self-Efficacy Among Teachers of Students with Autism  

OpenAIRE

Teacher self-efficacy refers to the beliefs teachers hold regarding their capability to bring about desired instructional outcomes and may be helpful for understanding and addressing critical issues such as teacher attrition and teacher use of research-supported practices. Educating students with autism likely presents teachers with some of the most significant instructional challenges. The self-efficacy of 35 special education teachers of students with autism between the ages of 3 to 9 years...

Ruble, Lisa A.; Usher, Ellen L.; Mcgrew, John H.

2011-01-01

306

Leadership attributes valence in self-concept and occupational self-efficacy.  

OpenAIRE

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between leadership-relevant attributes and occupational self-efficacy in management students. It is assumed that leadership-relevant attributes are related to high self-efficacy beliefs. Design/methodology/approach – In the present study management students from three different countries, namely Germany, Australia, and India, described to what degree they possess task- and person-oriented leadership attributes and ind...

Schyns, B.; Sczesny, S.

2010-01-01

307

Self-Efficacy as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

OpenAIRE

Self-efficacy denotes people's beliefs about their ability to perform in different situations. It functions as a multilevel and multifaceted set of beliefs that influence how people feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave during various tasks. Self-efficacy beliefs are informed by enactive attainment, vicarious experience, imaginal experiences, and social persuasion as well as physical and emotional states. These beliefs are mediated by cognitive, motivational, affective, and selection p...

Tsang, Sandra K. M.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.; Law, Bella C. M.

2012-01-01

308

Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Pre-Service Primary Teachers on Physical Education  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to determine the self-efficacy perception of the pre-service teachers towards Physical Education. Subjects are 423 student teachers from four Educational Faculties in Artvin, Rize, Trabzon and Giresun. Data were gathered via “The Scale of Physical Education Self Efficacy Perception” which was developed by the researchers. The scale developed in three parts as theoretical knowledge, practice skills and formation skills. The scale was applied to the student teac...

Bayraktar, Cengiz; I?pek, Cemalettin

2009-01-01

309

Predictors Of Java Programming Self Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

OpenAIRE

The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The ...

Jegede, Philip Olu

2009-01-01

310

Predictors Of Java Programming Self–Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

OpenAIRE

The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The ...

Philip Olu Jegede

2009-01-01

311

Improving Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy through Service Learning: Lessons Learned  

OpenAIRE

University students have been barraged with service learning opportunities both as course required and as volunteer opportunities in recent years. Currently, many universities now require students to participate in engaged learning as a graduation requirement. Situated in Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy, this study examines the effects service learning has on students teaching self-efficacy when required to participate in an activity (course connected), compared to when they chose to volu...

Carianne Bernadowski; Ronald Perry; Robert Del Greco

2013-01-01

312

Human and Social Capital Development for Self Efficacy of University Graduates: Bases for Development of Society  

OpenAIRE

The study investigated perceptions of students and employers about the development of human and social capital in terms of intellectual development skills, personal development skills, professional development skills, and social development skills for self efficacy of university graduates. How students and employers were viewing the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates; which areas of development skills were relatively stronger; and which sectors o...

Shoukat Ali Raza; Shahid Zia; Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi; Shaikh, Faiz M.

2011-01-01

313

Using Self-Efficacy to measure primary school teachers’ perception of ICT: results from two studies  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this article is twofold. First, the final results of two research projects, which investigated the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on primary schools teachers in disadvantaged areas in Brazil (BET k-12) and South Africa (MELISSA), are presented and discussed. Second, the Self-Efficacy construct is proposed as a tool to measure how teachers’ perception of being able to use technology (CSE - Computer Self-Efficacy) affects teachers’ perception of being ...

Fanni, Francesca; Rega, Isabella; Cantoni, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

314

Are Teachers Qualified to Teach Entrepreneurship? Analysis of Entrepreneurial Attitude and Self-efficacy  

OpenAIRE

Recent research on the impacts of entrepreneurship education revealed that graduates lack the motivation and competencies required for new venture creation. Students entrepreneurial motivation and competencies can be highly influenced by teachers attitude toward and self-efficacy in entrepreneurship. However, there is little knowledge about entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy of teachers specifically at vocational and technical schools. This study aimed to examine entrepreneurial attit...

Bagheri, A.; Lope Pihie, Z. A.

2011-01-01

315

The Relationship between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Self-efficacy among Iranian EFL Teachers  

OpenAIRE

The current study examined the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ trait EI (trait EI) and Self-efficacy. To this end, 336 teachers were asked to complete “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Short Form (TEIQue–SF)” (Petrides and Furnham, 2006) and “Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES)” (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001). Pearson product-moment correlation showed a significant relationship between trait EI and self-efficacy. Tr...

Jahanbakhsh Nikoopour; Mohammad Amini Farsani; Mohammad Tajbakhsh; Seyedeh Hoda Sadat Kiyaie

2012-01-01

316

Social Norms and Self-efficacy Among Heavy Using Adolescent Marijuana Smokers  

OpenAIRE

Adolescence is a time in which individuals are particularly likely to engage in health-risk behaviors, with marijuana being the most prevalent illicit drug used. Perceptions of others’ use (i.e., norms) have previously been found to be related to increased marijuana use. Additionally, low refusal self-efficacy has been associated with increased marijuana consumption. This cross-sectional study examined the effects of normative perceptions and self-efficacy on negative marijuana outcomes for...

Walker, Denise D.; Neighbors, Clayton; Rodriguez, Lindsey M.; Stephens, Robert S.; Roffman, Roger A.

2011-01-01

317

Relationship between Quality of Life, Hardiness,Self-efficacy and Self-esteem amongst Employed and Unemployed Married Women in Zabol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Examining the interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, selfefficacy and self-esteem among working (professional and non-professional, and non-working married women has motivated the researcher to launch this study. Method: The samples in the present study consisted of 250 married employed women and 250 married unemployed women in the age range of 24-41 years old belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups, with educational qualification of 10±2 and above and having at least one school child. Stratified convenience sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample. The World Health Organization -Quality of Life (WHO QOL – BREF, the Personal View Survey (PVS, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE, The Coopersmith Self-Eesteem Inventory (CSEI and demographic questionnaire Sheet were chosen for collection of the data. Results: Obtained Pearson r values revealed significant positive interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem in the whole sample, within the subgroups of professional and non-professional employed and unemployed women. Obtained pearson r values revealed significant negative relationship between employment and the above variables in women. Conclusion: It indicates that women with higher quality of life score rank also higher on hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem and vice versa.

Promila Vasudeva

2006-07-01

318

Self-Objectification and Condom Use Self-Efficacy in Women University Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the roles of indicators of the self-objectification process in women's condom use self-efficacy. Data were collected from 595 college women. Self-objectification variables were assessed with measures of internalization of cultural standards of beauty, body surveillance, and body shame. Participants also completed measures of perceived control over sexual activity, acceptance of sexuality, and condom use self-efficacy. Measurement and structural invariance were supported, indicating that the measurement model and hypothesized structural model did not differ across participants who were or were not sexually active. Structural equation modeling results were consistent with hypotheses and prior evidence indicating that body surveillance partially mediated the link between internalization of cultural standards of beauty and body shame. Results also indicated that body shame was associated with lower condom use self-efficacy both directly and indirectly through the partial mediation of perceived control over sexual activity; acceptance of sexuality was not a significant mediator of this link but was associated directly with greater condom use self-efficacy. These results connect the substantial literature on the self-objectification process with women's condom use self-efficacy. Specifically, these results point to interrupting the self-objectification process and reducing body shame as well as to enhancing acceptance of sexuality and control over sexual activity as potentially fruitful targets for interventions to promote women's condom use self-efficacy. PMID:25304902

Parent, Mike C; Moradi, Bonnie

2014-10-11

319

Computer self-efficacy - is there a gender gap in tertiary level introductory computing classes?  

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Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between introductory computing students, self-efficacy, and gender. Since the use of computers has become more common there has been speculation that the confidence and ability to use them differs between genders. Self-efficacy is an important and useful concept used to describe how a student may perceive their own ability or confidence in using and learning new technology. A survey of students in an introductory computing class has been completed intermittently since the late 1990s. Although some questions have been adapted to meet the changing technology the aim of the survey has remain unchanged. In this study self-efficacy is measured using two self-rating questions. Students are asked to rate their confidence using a computer and also asked to give their perception of their computing knowledge. This paper examines these two aspects of a person's computer self-efficacy in order to identify any differences that may occur between genders in two introductory computing classes, one in 1999 and the other in 2012. Results from the 1999 survey are compared with those from the survey completed in 2012 and investigated to ascertain if the perception that males were more likely to display higher computer self-efficacy levels than their female classmates does or did exist in a class of this type. Results indicate that while overall there has been a general increase in self-efficacy levels in 2012 compared with 1999, there is no significant gender gap.

Shirley Gibbs

2013-01-01

320

Teacher Training and Pre-service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful for teacher training universities, so that they can adapt their curriculum to accommodate these factors. Participants included 292 pre-service primary teachers, a cross-sectional sample from two different universities in the Netherlands across the four different years of study in the training program. Based upon our results, we conclude that the science teaching self-efficacy of pre-service teachers, in particular, improved during years 1 and 2, and not during years 3 and 4. Higher levels of self-rated subject-matter knowledge and science teaching experience in primary schools both contributed to higher levels of personal self-efficacy for science teaching. Differences at the university level in courses taken during the first year between science content courses and science methods courses also influenced the pre-service teachers' development of science teaching self-efficacy. After their first year, the pre-service teachers from the university with science content courses had significantly higher self-efficacy than pre-service teachers from the university that offered science methods courses. After the second year of teacher training, however, this difference in self-efficacy was no longer present.

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-06-01

321

[The application of self-efficacy counseling skills to health education in patients with diabetes].  

Science.gov (United States)

As the incidence of chronic disease increases, empowerment of patients with chronic disease to adopt self-care responsibilities becomes paramount. Self-efficacy is a belief in one's ability to perform a task that will lead to the desired outcome. Utilizing self-efficacy counseling skills is an effective way to enhance patients' compliance with self-care activities. The development of such skills can compensate for the lack of traditional health education provided for diabetes patients and plays a significant part in the prevention of acute and chronic complications. Self-efficacy counseling strategies involve: asking questions; focusing on patient's agenda; planning personal treatment schedules; defining problems; setting goals (taking a step-by-step approach); regular follow-up and contact with patients; scaling questions; brainstorming solutions; considering past efforts, successes and failures; reassessing confidence; and finally checking behavior changes. Self-efficacy counseling skills can be learned through structured training courses in counseling skills. The aims of this report were twofold: (1) to undertake a literature review on self-efficacy and counseling skills used as the theoretical framework in a health education training program for diabetes; (2) to analyze cases when a counseling guide based upon a self-efficacy framework was used by health counselors to help patients improve their self-confidence and self-care ability. This report reveals it is important to promote the application of counseling skills in nursing interventions in the clinical practice field. PMID:17340550

Wang, Shu-Fang; Li, Yu-Chan; Chang, Jia-Rong; Courtney, Mary; Chang, Yueh-Ling

2007-02-01

322

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Writing Performance across Genders  

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Full Text Available The study examined the relationship between the learners’ self-efficacy and their writing performance across genders. Specifically, this study investigated the self-efficacy and writing performance of Makoo and Marand EFL students majoring in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL. One hundred twenty learners, between ages 20-29, were chosen. Two instruments were used to collect data. At three different points in time, the participants were given writing assessments and also responded to the questionnaires on self-efficacy. The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation statistic and independent-samples t-test. Results revealed that there was no significant relationship between male and female EFL students’ self-efficacy and writing performance. It was also found that there was a significant positive relationship in self-efficacy between female and male EFL students. This study is expected to contribute to the related literature by shedding light on the relation of student self-efficacy and writing performance.

Felor Hashemnejad

2014-05-01

323

Effects of Feedback Types on the Student?s Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available Self-efficacy has been found to play a key role in academic learning, and has a positive correlation with the student’s learning performance. Hence, how to improve student’s self-efficacy has become a major topic. Previous research shows that feedback can promote students' positive attitude towards learning and enhance the learning achievement. Hence, this study investigated the impact of the type of feedback for self-efficacy. There were 13 senior high school students participated in this study, and our results showed that self-efficacy and feedback behavior has a significant correlation. From the point of view of receiving different kinds of feedback, receiving KCR type of feedback can enhance student’s self-efficacy. Our findings can be used as a reference for teachers to design their Web-based learning courses. In particular, the EF type of feedback is regarded as a higher level of feedback. The more EF types of feedback students receive, the less self-efficacy students have. One possible reason is that the EF type of feedback is few, while many students receive the KCR types of feedback.

Kai-Hsiang Yang

2013-06-01

324

OCCUPATIONAL SELF EFFICACY ROLE CONFLICT AND MENTAL HEALTH OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of the present study was to study the Occupational Selfefficacy role conflict and Mental Health of school teachers. The sample consisted of 600 primary school teachers selected from Belgaum and Dharwad district of Karnatak state.The objectives of the present study were; i to study the significant difference in the occupational self efficacy, role conflict and mental health of male and female primary school teachers working in public and private aided schools. ii To find out the correlation between occupational Self-efficacy and Role Conflict of School Teachers. iii To find out the correlation between Occupational Self-efficacy and Mental Health of School Teachers.Findings of the study revealed that, i There is no significant difference in the Occupational Self-efficacy, Role Conflict and Mental Health of both Male and Female Primary School Teachers working in Public and Private aided schools. ii There is Negative and significant correlation between Occupational Self-efficacy and Role Conflict of Teachers. iii There is a positive and significant correlation between occupational self-efficacy and Mental Health of School Teachers.

S.G.JADHAV

2013-01-01

325

SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS, ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND GENDER AS RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

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Full Text Available This study aims to investigate preservice computer teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and achievement motivation levels for educational software development before and after the “Educational Software Design, Development and Evaluation (ESDDE” course. A pretest and post test design without a control group was employed. In 2008, 46 senior students (25 male and 21 female who were enrolled at Computer Education and Instructional Technology department participated in this study.The data were collected by the scale of self-efficacy beliefs towards Educational Software Development (ESD, achievement motivation scale besides student demographics form. Positively, the results revealed that the students’ self efficacy beliefs towards educational software development significantly improved after ESDDE course. Before the course, the students’ self-efficacy beliefs were significantly different according to perceived level of programming competency and gender in favor of male, however after the course there was no significant difference in self-efficacy beliefs regarding gender and perceived level of programming competency. Hence, achievement motivation levels after the course were significantly higher than before while gender and perceived level of programming competency had no significant effect on achievement motivation for ESD. The study is considered to contribute studies investigating gender and computer related self efficacy beliefs in IT education.

Alev ATES

2011-07-01

326

The association of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy with specific hypertension self-care behaviours in Chinese local community.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to test the role of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy on specific self-care behaviours. In a local community health center, 318 patients with hypertension completed a questionnaire assessing self-care, family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy in 2012. Each self-care behaviour was separately analyzed with logistic regression models. The mean score of perceived family social support for hypertension treatment was 20.91 (maximum=60). Adult children were identified as the primary support source. Approximately 22.3% and 15.4% of participants reported symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively. Participants had moderately positive levels of confidence performing self-care (42.1±13.3 out of 60). After adjusting for demographic and health variables, a 10-unit increase in family social support increased the odds ratio (OR) of taking medication by 1.39 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.87) and increased the OR for measuring blood pressure (BP) regularly by 1.33 (95% CI 1.02-1.74). Depression and anxiety were not associated with any self-care behaviours. A10-unit increase in self-efficacy increased the adjusted OR for performing physical exercise to 1.25 (95% CI 1.04-1.49). In conclusion, family social support was positively associated with medication adherence and regular BP measurement. Strategies to improve family social support should be developed for hypertension control, yet further prospective studies are needed to understand the effects of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy on self-care behaviours. PMID:25008000

Hu, H H; Li, G; Arao, T

2015-03-01

327

Attitudes, Interests, and Perceived Self-efficacy toward Science of Middle School Minority Female Students: Considerations for their Low Achievement and Participation in STEM Disciplines  

Science.gov (United States)

The under participation of minority females in STEM fields has been a chronic problem in the United States, mainly when it is analyzed through the lens of their relative representation in the population. The results of the first or quantitative phase, of this two phase sequential, mixed method study, revealed academic achievement or performance in science accounted for most of the variance of mean scores for students' attitudes and interests in science as measured by the TOSRA Likert-scale survey, when compared to the degree of parent education and ethnicity/ racial background. Additionally, this study investigated possible sources of perceived self-efficacy in eighteen seventh grade Hispanic female students by conducting personal semi-structured interviews. The purpose of this study was to explore if middle school female student ethnic/racial backgrounds and academic performance influence their attitudes and interests toward science and to study the possible effects external (family, school, peers, and community) and internal factors may have for Hispanic student self-efficacy toward science. The results revealed that of the five ethnic/racial groups studied, Asian/Filipino female students expressed higher positive attitudes and interests toward science, than the rest of the student ethnic groups studied, followed by the Hispanic student group. The results indicated that students' perceived encouragement from their mothers, regardless of the mother's degree of education, as being the main source of these girls' perceived self-efficacy in science. However, the lack of perceived school-related, peer-related, and community-related support was evident. These results are encouraging because they demonstrate how verbal persuasion, in the form of encouragement and support, fosters perceived self-efficacy for minority female students.

Dowey, Ana Lucrecia

328

The effect of empowerment on the self-efficacy, quality of life and clinical and laboratory indicators of patients treated with hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hemodialysis patients face numerous physical and psychological stresses that result in reduced health. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of an empowerment program on self-efficacy, quality of life, clinical indicators of blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain, and laboratory results in these patients. Methods This randomized, controlled trial was conducted at Boo Ali Sina Dialysis Center, Shiraz, Iran. A total of 48 hemodialysis patients participated in this study. After acquisition of informed consent, eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups, control and experimental. Pre-test data were obtained by using a demographic data form and two questionnaires for self-efficacy and quality of life. Blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain were measured. We extracted laboratory data from patients’ charts. A six-week empowerment intervention that included four individual and two group counselling sessions was performed for the experimental group. Six weeks after intervention, post-test data were obtained from both groups in the same manner as the pre-test. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS v11.5. Results There were no statistically significant differences in demographic variables between the groups. Pre-test mean scores for self-efficacy, quality of life, blood pressure, interdialytic weight gain and laboratory results did not differ between the groups. There was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of pre-to post-intervention changes in overall self-efficacy scores, stress reduction, and decision making, in addition to overall quality of life and all dimensions included within quality of life based on this questionnaire. Additionally, the pre- to post-intervention changes in systolic/diastolic blood pressures, interdialytic weight gain, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels significantly differed between the groups. Conclusion Our study demonstrates that a combination of individual and group empowerment counselling sessions improves self-efficacy, quality of life, clinical signs, and hemoglobin and hematocrit levels in hemodialysis patients. Empowerment of hemodialysis patients should be considered in hemodialysis centers to assist patients with the management of their health-related problems. Trial registration Irct ID: IRCT138901172621N4

Moattari Marzieh

2012-09-01

329

Self-efficacy in Environmental Education: Experiences of elementary education preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite research showing Environmental Education can provide positive student outcomes in academic achievement, critical thinking, motivation and engagement (Ernst, 2007; Lieberman & Hoody, 1998; Orr, 1992; Palmer, 1998; Powers, 2004; Volk & Cheak, 2003), Environmental Education is currently not a critical element in American public school K-12 education. The present study investigates self-efficacy in Environmental Education through a mixed methods research approach. The data reveal the participants' perspectives of their sense of self-efficacy in Environmental Education. It adds to the body of work on Environmental Education and self-efficacy by specifically investigating the topics through interviews with preservice teachers. Purposeful sampling is used to identify preservice elementary education teachers in their senior year of college with a high measure of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is measured using the Environmental Education Efficacy Belief Instrument (Sia, 1992). Forty-six preservice teachers completed the instrument. Six preservice teachers were interviewed to determine experiences that impact their self-efficacy in Environmental Education. Continual comparison and cross-case analysis are used to analyze the data. The results reveal a relationship between personal experiences with nature as a young child and current beliefs toward their personal efficacy and teaching outcome efficacy in Environmental Education. Similar to the findings of Sia (1992), the researcher discovered that preservice teachers realize that they lack sufficient knowledge and skill in Environmental Education but believe that effective teaching can increase students understanding of Environmental Education. While the preservice teachers do not believe they will teach Environmental Education as well as other subjects, they will continually seek out better ways to teach Environmental Education. Interviews with participants who had a high self-efficacy revealed the importance of playing outdoors as young children and having an adult role model with whom to share nature. Results showed that experiences with nature are absent in formal schooling, including courses in teacher education programs.

Gardner, Cynthia Crompton

330

The Interrelationship of Science Experiences, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy: A Case Study of a Pre-Service Teacher with Positive Science Attitude and High Science Teaching Self-Efficacy  

OpenAIRE

This qualitative case study aimed to focus on the experiences and subsequent science and science teaching beliefs, attitudes, and self-efficacy of an elementary pre-service teacher, Heather, with extremely positive attitude and high self-efficacy. For this particular population of pre-service teachers, possessing a high science teaching self-efficacy alone is not sufficient to assume reform-based beliefs and teaching practices. This study was unique in that it concurrently explored the relati...

Mahsa Kazempour

2014-01-01

331

Regulatory focus, self-efficacy and outcome expectations as drivers of motivation to consume healthy food products  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper we apply the principle of RegulatoryFocus Theory to investigate the interaction between self-efficacy and outcomeexpectations on individuals’ intentions to adopt health behaviors. The participants, 959 individuals (Survey 1) and 2400 individuals (Survey 2), reported self-efficacy beliefs and outcomeexpectations with regard to the consumption of omega-3 supplements and omega-3-enriched foodproducts. We found that the relationship prevention outcomeexpectations-intention was significantly attenuated at low levels of self-efficacy and strengthened at high levels of self-efficacy, respectively; whereas, the relationship promotion outcomeexpectations-intention was unaffected by the perceived levels of self-efficacy. The implications suggest that consumers’ motivation to adopt healthyfoodproducts, such as omega-3 supplements and omega-3 enriched products, should be encouraged by stimulating promotion outcomeexpectations. However, when a prevention frame is used, the individuals’ motivation should be significantly enhanced by self-efficacy beliefs.

Tudoran, Ana Alina; Scholderer, Joachim

2012-01-01

332

The SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES: development and psychometric properties  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Rising prevalence of secondary conditions among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI has focused recent attention to potential health promotion programs designed to reduce such adverse health conditions. A healthy lifestyle for people with SCI, including and specifically, the adoption of a vigorous exercise routine, has been shown to produce an array of health benefits, prompting many providers to recommend the implementation of such activity to those with SCI. Successfully adopting such an exercise regimen however, requires confidence in one's ability to engage in exercise or exercise self-efficacy. Exercise self-efficacy has not been assessed adequately for people with SCI due to a lack of validated and reliable scales, despite self efficacy's status as one of the most widely researched concepts and despite its broad application in health promotion studies. Exercise self efficacy supporting interventions for people with SCI are only meaningful if appropriate measurement tools exist. The objective of our study was to develop a psychometrically sound exercise self-efficacy self-report measure for people with SCI. Methods Based on literature reviews, expert comments and cognitive testing, 10 items were included and made up the 4-point Likert SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES in its current form. The ESES was administered as part of the first wave of a nationwide survey (n = 368 on exercise behavior and was also tested separately for validity in four groups of individuals with SCI. Reliability and validity testing was performed using SPSS 12.0. Results Cronbach's alpha was .9269 for the ESES. High internal consistency was confirmed in split-half (EQ Length Spearman Brown = .8836. Construct validity was determined using principal component factor analysis by correlating the aggregated ESES items with the Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE. We found that all items loaded on one factor only and that there was a statistically significant correlation between Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES and Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE (Spearman RHO = .316; p Conclusion Preliminary findings indicate that the ESES is a reliable instrument with high internal consistency and scale integrity. Content validity both in terms of face and construct validity is satisfactory.

Ho Pei-Shu

2007-08-01

333

The Impact of Parents' Sleep Quality and Hypoglycemia Worry on Diabetes Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents of young children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) may experience poor sleep quality, possibly impacting their confidence in T1D management. This study investigated sleep characteristics among parents of children with T1D and relationships among parents' sleep quality, hypoglycemia worry, and diabetes self-efficacy. As part of baseline assessment for a randomized clinical trial (RCT) to promote parental management of T1D, 134 parents of children ? age 6 reported on demographics, parent sleep characteristics, hypoglycemia worry, and diabetes self-efficacy. Parents reported they slept less time than recommended by the National Sleep Foundation and endorsed greater global sleep problems than standardized norms of healthy adults; one third of parents reported their overall sleep quality was "fairly bad" or "very bad." Hypoglycemia worry and parents' sleep quality were both significantly related to diabetes self-efficacy, but parents' sleep quality did not mediate the relationship of hypoglycemia worry and diabetes self-efficacy. Many parents experience disrupted sleep that impacts their perceived ability to perform T1D management. Interventions designed to improve parental T1D self-efficacy should consider sleep and concerns about children's hypoglycemia. PMID:24738994

Herbert, Linda Jones; Monaghan, Maureen; Cogen, Fran; Streisand, Randi

2014-04-16

334

Self-efficacy and perceived benefits / barriers on the AIDs preventive behaviors  

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Full Text Available Background: Drug users (opiate dependency account for about 65% of all AIDS cases in Iran. Drug injection has been identified as the most common way of HIV transmission in these patients. This study aimed to determine self-efficacy, and perceived benefits / barriers of AIDs preventive behaviors in opiate dependency. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009.The study population was 86 drug user men at Re-birth association in Zarandieh city. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires includeing demographic characteristics, perceived benefits/barriers of self-efficacy and AIDS preventive behaviors. Data was analyzed with ANOVA, regression and correlation coefficients and descriptive statistical methods. Results: Regression analysis showed that age, education level, knowledge and perceived benefits/barriers, self-efficacy, all together explain 28% of AIDS preventive behaviors variance. Perceived barriers and self- efficacy were the most important predicting factor. 63% of the samples believed that they have ability of HIV-preventive behaviors.Conclusion: The study showed the relationship of perceived benefits/barriers, self- efficacy with AIDS preventive behaviors. It is suggested that the findings of this study may be used as a basis for designing interventions to improve better performance in the concerned area.

Mahmoud Karimi

2011-11-01

335

The Impact of Teacher Self-efficacy on the Students’ Motivation and Achievement  

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Full Text Available The study of self-efficacy and its impact on human performance has intrigued a lot of scholars during the last two decades (e.g. Clayson, D. & Sheffet, M. 2006; Nauta, M. 2001; Muijs &Rejnolds, 2001; Bandura, 1997; Podell & Soodak, 1993. The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of teacher self-efficacy (TSE on the students’ motivation and achievement. To this end, eighty senior high school teachers in four different cities in Iran, and one hundred and fifty senior high school students, based on their teachers’ level of self-efficacy, have been selected randomly. For data collection, two instruments were employed: Teacher Self-Efficacy and Students’ Motivation questionnaires. Data were analyzed through Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and ANOVA. The results of the study revealed that teacher self-efficacy has a positive influence on the students’ motivation and achievement. The results of the study and their pedagogical implications are discussed, and recommendations for further research are provided.

Ahmad Mojavezi

2012-03-01

336

Teachers’ Self-efficacy as Determinant of Students’ Attitudes toward School: A study at the School Level  

OpenAIRE

Teachers’ self-efficacy was examined as determinant of students’ attitudes toward school. Over 679 teachers and 1820 students in 23 Jordanian (primary and junior) schools were selected using simple random sampling. The instrument used in this study is Norwegian teachers’ self-efficacy scale which was developed by Skaalvik and Skaalvik (2007) and students’ attitudes toward school scale which was designed by the researchers. Results indicated that the level of teachers’ self-efficacy ...

Ahmed Falah Al-Alwan; Ahmad Mohammed mahasneh

2014-01-01

337

The development and validation of a five factor model of sources of self-efficacy in clinical nursing education  

OpenAIRE

Background: The aim of this study is to validate a newly developed nurses' self-efficacy sources inventory. We test the validity of a five-dimensional model of sources of self-efficacy, which we contrast with the traditional four-dimensional model based on Bandura's theoretical concepts. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis was used in the development of the newly developed self-efficacy measure. Model fit was evaluated based upon commonly recommended goodness-of-fit indices, inc...

Gloudemans, Henk; Schalk, Rene; Reynaert, Wouter; Braeken, Johan

2012-01-01

338

The Importance of General Self-Efficacy for the Quality of Life of Adolescents with Chronic Conditions  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the influence of general self-efficacy perceived by adolescents with chronic conditions and parents on quality of life. This cross-sectional study used the general self-efficacy scale and DISABKIDS condition-generic module to survey adolescents (92/293; 31 %) with type I diabetes, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, kidney/urological conditions, and neuromuscular disorders; and parents (121/293; 41 %). Self perceived and parents' perceived general self-efficacy of ...

Cramm, J. M.; Strating, M. M. H.; Roebroeck, M. E.; Nieboer, A. P.

2013-01-01

339

Examining Elementary School–Aged Children’s Self-Efficacy and Proxy Efficacy for Fruit and Vegetable Consumption  

OpenAIRE

Children’s self-efficacy for fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) and proxy efficacy to influence others to make fruit and vegetables (FV) available may influence their FVC. A previous investigation has demonstrated that self-efficacy for fruit consumption, self-efficacy for vegetable consumption, proxy efficacy to influence parents to make FV available, and proxy efficacy to influence after-school staff to make FV available can be measured with four independent but related scales. The pur...

Geller, Karly S.; Dzewaltowski, David A.

2010-01-01

340

Supporting Self-efficacy and Learner Autonomy in Relation to Academic Success in EFL Classrooms (A Case Study)  

OpenAIRE

This research was conducted for revealing the missing point of the discussions related to foreign language teaching and learning in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and learner autonomy, self-efficacy and academic success, learner autonomy and academic success, and these two concepts and academic success. Also, it was aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy on academic success, the effect of learner autonomy on academic success and the eff...

Filiz Yalcin Tilfarlioglu; Fatma Seyma Ciftci

2011-01-01

341

The Importance of General Self-Efficacy for the Quality of Life of Adolescents with Chronic Conditions  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the influence of general self-efficacy perceived by adolescents with chronic conditions and parents on quality of life. This cross-sectional study used the general self-efficacy scale and DISABKIDS condition-generic module to survey adolescents (92/293; 31 %) with type I diabetes, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, kidney/urological conditions, and neuromuscular disorders; and parents (121/293; 41 %). Self perceived and parents’ perceived general self-efficacy...

Cramm, Jane M.; Strating, Mathilde M. H.; Roebroeck, Marij E.; Nieboer, Anna P.

2012-01-01

342

Evaluation of the Validity of the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES) in Young Men Using Two Behavioral Simulations  

OpenAIRE

Assessment of behavioral skills remains critical to the evaluation of HIV prevention interventions; however, investigators often rely upon participant reports of self-efficacy to estimate such skills. We evaluated the relationship between self-efficacy beliefs for condom use and behavioral performance. Forty-three men completed the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES) and participated in two behavioral assessments. Regression analyses indicated that the CUSES subscales relevant to negotiati...

Forsyth, Andrew D.; Carey, Michael P.; Fuqua, R. Wayne

1997-01-01

343

The relationships of self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work to health-related quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD  

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Full Text Available Randi Andenæs,1 Signe Berit Bentsen,2 Kari Hvinden,3,4 May Solveig Fagermoen,5,6 Anners Lerdal6,71Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; 2Department of Health Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway; 3LHL Helse AS, Glittreklinikken, Hakadal, Norway; 4Norwegian Advisory Unit for Learning and Mastery in Health, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 5Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 6Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; 7Department of Research, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, NorwayPurpose: Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD primarily affects the lungs, it is regarded as a systemic disorder associated with comorbidity and physical deterioration, which often results in reduced levels of health-related quality of life (HRQoL. Self-efficacy is an important concept in self-management, which is vital for improving HRQoL in patients with COPD. The purpose of this study was to examine how general self-efficacy, leisure time physical activity, and sociodemographic variables such as employment status are related to the physical and mental health components of HRQoL in patients with COPD.Patients and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 97 COPD patients (54.6% male, mean age 64.6 years, standard deviation [SD] 9.5 beginning a pulmonary rehabilitation program completed three self-report questionnaires: the short form (SF-12v2 Health Survey as a measure of HRQoL; the General Self-Efficacy Scale; and a standardized instrument measuring regular leisure time physical activity.Results: The physical health component median score was 31.3 (interquartile range [IQR] 16.3 and the mental health component median score was 45.9 (IQR 21.5. Two sets of linear regression analyses were performed, one predicting physical health and the other predicting mental health. The first analysis showed that better physical health was directly related to being in paid work (P-value <0.001, but was not significantly related to age, sex, marital status, education, work status, physical activity, or self-efficacy. In the second analysis, better mental health was directly related to living with a partner, being physically active, and having higher self-efficacy (P-value <0.001.Conclusion: The findings suggest that general self-efficacy has differential relationships to the two dimensions of HRQoL. Our results indicate that general self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work might be important factors for improving HRQoL of persons with COPD, and should be taken into consideration in pulmonary rehabilitation.Keywords: chronic disease, employment, lung, rehabilitation, self-care

Andenæs R

2014-06-01

344

Madeleine Leininger: claroscuro trascultural / Madeleine Leininger: Clear and dark transcultural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A principios de la década de los años 60, Madeleine Leininger conceptualiza y funda la Enfermería transcultural, pero a pesar de la vigencia y reconocimiento que actualmente posee la enfermería transcultural, ésta no se escapa de un territorio claro-oscuro de contradicciones y dicciones. ¿Qué concep [...] to de cultura utiliza Madeleine Leininger? ¿Qué consecuencias implica su transculturalidad? En el artículo se debate la particularidad conceptual utilizada por Leininger. Así mismo se propone cambiar terminológicamente y conceptualmente significados y significantes como la etnoenfermería y los conceptos de transculturalidad que a ella refieren. Para evitar los determinismos culturales se considera más correcto hablar de las identidades culturales, propias e individuales. La enfermería debe establecer un diálogo transcultural con las identidades culturales, con las medicinas y enfermerías transculturales. Un diálogo en igualdad, no sin por ello renunciar a la riqueza y eficiencia de la enfermería y de la medicina occidentales. Abstract in english At the beginning of the decade of the 60s, Madeleine Leininger conceptualizes and founds the nursing transcultural, but in spite of the current force and recognition that nowadays possesses the nursing transcultural, this does not escape of a clear - dark territory of contradictions and dictions. Wh [...] at concept of culture does Madeleine Leininger use? What consequences does it imply her transculturality? In the article the conceptual particularity used by Leininger is debated. Likewise it proposes to change the term and conceptual important and significant as the etno-infirmary and the concepts of transcultural that recount her. To avoid the cultural determinisms it is more correct to speak about the cultural, own and individual identities. The nursing must establish a dialog transcultural with the cultural identities, with the medicines and transcultural nursing. A dialog in equality, not without for it to resign the richness and efficiency of the nursing and of the western medicine.

David, Fornons Fontdevila.

2010-09-01

345

Collectivistic orientation, acculturative stress, cultural self-efficacy, and depression: a longitudinal study among chinese internal migrants.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the longitudinal relationship of collectivistic orientation and depression and the mediating effects of acculturative stress and cultural self-efficacy between collectivistic orientation and depression. We expect that collectivistic orientation would decrease acculturative stress and increase cultural self-efficacy, and in turn, improve depression. Using data from 641 Chinese internal migrants during a 1-year period, the results supported the hypothesis that collectivistic orientation predicted decreased depression. Moreover, collectivistic orientation alleviated depression through reducing acculturative stress. Although cultural self-efficacy was also a significant mediator, collectivistic orientation relieved depression through decreasing cultural self-efficacy. Implications for future research directions and counseling are discussed. PMID:25480108

Du, Hongfei; Li, Xiaoming; Lin, Danhua; Tam, Cheuk Chi

2015-02-01

346

The Influence of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Learning Behavior - Using Entrepreneurial Intention as the Mediator Variable  

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Full Text Available This study examines 448 technical and vocational school students’ entrepreneurial learning behavior and its influencing factors to serve as a school reference for the development of entrepreneurship education measures. The results show that students’ ‘entrepreneurial intention (EI’ has a significant direct effect on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior (ELB’, and ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE ‘has a significant effect on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior’ through ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy.’ The influence pattern and empirical data of ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy’ and ‘entrepreneurial intention’ on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior’ has a good fit.
Key words: Entrepreneurial intention; Entrepreneurial learning behavior; Entrepreneurial self-efficacy

Chun-Mei CHOU

2011-12-01

347

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and African American Male Students: An Examination of Models of Success  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the personal stories of African American men who excelled in mathematics to understand the impact of their self-efficacy beliefs on their motivation and subsequent academic achievement in mathematics at the postsecondary level. General analyses of autobiographies and interviews revealed that enactive attainment and vicarious experience were influential sources for these African American men.s self-efficacy beliefs and were supported by family, friends, and peers. However, vicarious experience appeared to be more influential than enactive attainment for these participants. This finding may contradict Bandura.s (1986; 1997 claim that enactive attainment has the most significant impact on self-efficacy; in contrast, it supports other claims, such as peers play a major role in the development of attitudes toward academics for African American men (Hrabowski & Maton, 1995; Hrabowski, Maton, & Greif, 1998; Kunjufu, 1986; Taylor, 1989.

Richard Noble III

2011-08-01

348

Emotional Exhaustion in Graduate Students: The Role of Engagement, Self-Efficacy and Social Support  

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Full Text Available Graduate students, particularly those based in research intensive universities are susceptible to exhaustion. Thestudy utilized a quantitative approach to test the impact of student engagement, self- efficacy, and social supporton college students’ emotional exhaustion. A hierarchical regression approach was used for analysis. Findingsdemonstrated that students who were engaged, and selfefficacious were less exhausted from their studies.Social support especially from advisors was important in helping students cope with emotional exhaustion.Additionally, student engagement proved to be important as it partially mediates the advisor support- exhaustionrelationship while fully mediating the self-efficacy- exhaustion relationship. Implications and suggestions forinstitutions of higher learning regarding intervention strategies to mitigate the exhaustion and burnout processwere discussed.

Julaine Rigg

2013-09-01

349

Enhancing Self-Efficacy in Elementary Science Teaching With Professional Learning Communities  

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Emerging from Bandura's Social Learning Theory, this study of in-service elementary school teachers examined the effects of sustained Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) on self-efficacy in science teaching. Based on mixed research methods, and a non-equivalent control group experimental design, the investigation explored changes in personal self-efficacy and outcome expectancy among teachers engaged in PLCs that featured Demonstration Laboratories, Lesson Study, and annual Summer Institutes. Significant changes favoring the experimental group were found on all quantitative measures of self-efficacy. Structured clinical interviews revealed that observed changes were largely attributable to a wide range of direct (mastery) and vicarious experiences, as well as emotional reinforcement and social persuasion.

Mintzes, Joel J.; Marcum, Bev; Messerschmidt-Yates, Christl; Mark, Andrew

2013-11-01

350

Social anxiety, alcohol expectancies, and self-efficacy as predictors of heavy drinking in college students.  

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Burke and Stephens (1999) [Burke, R.S., Stephens, R.S. Social anxiety and drinking in college students: A social cognitive theory analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, (1999) 513-530.] proposed a social cognitive theory of heavy drinking in college students. According to this theory, alcohol expectancies for social facilitation and self-efficacy for refusing heavy drinking in anxiety-producing social situations moderate the relationship between social anxiety and drinking. In the current study, a significant three-way interaction was observed among social anxiety, expectancies, and self-efficacy when amount and frequency of drinking was the dependent variable. As predicted by the model, socially anxious college students with low self-efficacy for avoiding heavy drinking in social situations and high positive expectancies for social facilitation reported more alcohol consumption than other socially anxious individuals. PMID:15951128

Gilles, Donna M; Turk, Cynthia L; Fresco, David M

2006-03-01

351

Adolescents own perceptions of self-evaluation: Self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction  

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Full Text Available In this study we analyse the relationships between three variablesof self-evaluations, being self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction. Moreover, we study the evolution of these three aspects during adolescence paying attention to gender differences. The sample was made up of 2400 teenagers aged between 12 and 17 years old taken from 20 high schools in Western Andalusia. In this study we also analyse the relationship between teenager self evaluation and parenting style. Our results show, on one hand, high correlation between self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction, and on the other hand, between teenager self evaluationand parenting style. In fact, parental warmth and communication and sense of humor show high correlation with adolescent self evaluation. We also found increasing differences between boys and girls as regards their self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction as adolescence progressed. Specifically, little changedwas observed in boys, whereas girls’ self-evaluation decreased with age.

Águeda Parra

2010-05-01

352

Relationship between principals’ and teachers’ attitudes toward inclusion and self-efficacy  

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Full Text Available Previous studies show evidence that a school’s organizational structure and leadership behavior has an influence on self-efficacy and educational attitudes among its teachers. The present study examines the relationship between the self-efficacy, the attitudes toward inclusion, and burnout, among school principles (N=79 and faculty members (N=501 of primary schools practicing inclusion. The results corroborate the assumption that between school faculties differences in attitudes towards inclusion, self-efficacy and collective efficacy do exist. As we expected, a significant influence of schools’ directors was to be found in relation to teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion and to their sense of collective efficacy. In contrast, no evidence of a relationship between burnout risk among schools, teachers and school principals.

Karolina Urton

2014-03-01

353

Self-efficacy in acutely traumatized patients and the risk of developing a posttraumatic stress syndrome  

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Full Text Available Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD occurs across 15-20% of victims suffering physical injury. The occurrence of PTSD has been attributed to both the trauma and the victim’s individual resources, such as resilience, coping strategies, and social support systems. In the present study, we explored the role of self-efficacy for cognitive self-regulation in the posttraumatic adaptation process of sixty-five patients immediately following trauma (T1 and approximately four months later (T2 assessing posttraumatic stress syndrome according to DSM-IV criteria. We hypothesized perceived self-efficacy as a predictor for an increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress symptoms. Self-efficacy measured immediately following trauma correlated significantly with the development of posttraumatic stress syndromes. This finding suggests that the evaluation of cognitive adaptation to trauma is a helpful marker for clinical outcome assessment and can therefore be used for the identification of patients needing psychotherapeutic intervention.

Flatten, Guido

2008-06-01

354

The role of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and leadership style as attributes of leadership effectiveness  

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Full Text Available Orientation: Researching the impact of psychological constructs on police leadership may add value when appointing people in leadership positions or developing people for leadership roles in the police environment. Research purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between three constructs, namely emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness in a policing context. Motivation for this study: In the police sector, there are difficulties in linking leadership to organisational outcomes since common police-leadership measures are affected by multiple contributory factors. This study explores the psychological constructs of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on the leadership effectiveness of the police. Research design, approach and method: This research adopted a quantitative approach to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as attributes of leadership effectiveness. A total of 107 police personnel in commanding positions made up the sample. The measuring instruments used were the Assessing Emotions Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ Form 5X. Main findings: The results confirmed a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness. The correlations were significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed. Practical/managerial implications: Emotional intelligence and self-efficacy should be considered as attributes during the selection of leaders in police organisations or used for developmental purposes to enhance these attributes in police leaders. Contribution/value-add: The insights gained from the findings may be used to guide the selection of future leaders in the policing environment, and they could also be used to establish future developmental programmes and research initiatives.

Yvette Ramchunder

2014-05-01

355

Effect of depression and psychosocial stressors on cessation self-efficacy in mothers who smoke.  

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Motherhood offers factors that may contribute to or confound attempts to quit smoking, including social cues around pregnancy, post partum depression, financial and other pressures of child rearing, being a role model and concern that secondhand smoke might affect their child's health. We sought to characterize a population of tobacco-using mothers in order to identify barriers to quitting that both mirror the general population and are unique to motherhood. A cross-sectional survey collected information in two urban emergency departments from women who smoked and were mothers of small children. The survey asked about tobacco use, including levels of addiction, attempts to quit, readiness and self efficacy for quitting, and other psychosocial risks. We hypothesized that mothers reporting psychosocial stressors and depression would be less motivated to quit and less likely to have attempted quitting. One hundred ninety-two smoking mothers enrolled, representing 433 children exposed to secondhand smoke. Nicotine addiction was moderate. Women reporting at least one form of stress (relationship, financial, work, emotional, family-related) had similar levels of addiction (Fagerstrom score 2.8 vs. 2.9, p = 0.63) and motivation to quit (Ladder of Contemplation 6.4 vs. 6.1, p = 0.26), but reported feeling less confident in their ability to quit than non-stressed counterparts (6.6 vs. 7.6, p = 0.04). Over half (51.3%) of smoking mothers reported symptoms of depression for more than 2 weeks in a row in the last year. Depressed mothers had similar levels of addiction (Fagerstrom score 2.9 vs. 2.8, p = 0.63), and readiness to quit (6.6 vs. 6.5, p = 0.89), and had attempted to quit at similar rates (78% vs. 82%, p = 0.58). However, depressed mothers were less confident in their ability to quit (6.4 vs. 7.4, p = 0.02) and were more than twice as likely to report they are "not at all confident" (22% vs. 9%, p = 0.03). Providers who encourage mothers to quit smoking must identify and be prepared to address psychosocial stressors and co-morbid depression. PMID:20607376

Prusakowski, Melanie K; Shofer, Frances S; Rhodes, Karin V; Mills, Angela M

2011-07-01

356

A Study on the Correlation between Self Efficacy and Foreign Language Learning Anxiety  

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Full Text Available Anxiety in language learning is one of the less researched areas; that is why this study explores whether the anxiety level of foreign language learners is related to their self efficacy levels. For this purpose, 100 participants joined the study and the Foreign Language Learning Anxiety Scale and The Self Efficacy Scale were administered to them. The results show that both aspects are uncorrelated and gender plays no important role in terms of the anxiety level and self perception ratings of these junior teacher trainees.

Feryal ÇUBUKÇU

2008-01-01

357

Increasing Memory Self-Efficacy and Strategy Use in Hispanic Elders  

OpenAIRE

This study tested the effects of a 4-week, nine-session group intervention taught in Spanish to Hispanic older adults entitled “Quieres Mejorar Tu Memoria” (Do you wish to improve your memory?). The program was based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory and was designed to increase memory self-efficacy and strategy use. A total of 33 older adults attending a senior center (mean--age = 69 years; education = 5 years; MMSE = 25) participated in the study. A booster session and a post-test wer...

Mcdougall, Graham J.

1998-01-01

358

Self-efficacy as a mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations in low-income urban families.  

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The objective of this study is to examine the role of maternal self-efficacy as a potential mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations in low-income families. We analyzed data from 432 mother-child pairs who were part of the control-group for the Nurse-Family Partnership trial in Memphis, TN. Low-income urban, mostly minority women were interviewed 12 and 24 months after their first child's birth and their child's medical records were collected from birth to 24 months. We fit linear and ordered logistic regression models to test for mediation. We also tested non-linear relationships between the dependent variable (child hospitalization) and covariates (depressive symptoms and self-efficacy). Elevated depressive symptoms (OR: 1.70; 90% CI: 1.05, 2.74) and lower maternal self-efficacy (OR: 0.674; 90% CI: 0.469, 0.970) were each associated with increased child hospitalizations. When both maternal self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were included in a single model, the depressive symptoms coefficient decreased significantly (OR decreased by 0.13, P = 0.069), supporting the hypothesis that self-efficacy serves as a mediator. A non-linear, inverse-U shaped relationship between maternal self-efficacy and child hospitalizations was supported: lower compared to higher self-efficacy was associated with more child hospitalizations (P = 0.039), but very low self-efficacy was associated with fewer hospitalizations than low self-efficacy (P = 0.028). In this study, maternal self-efficacy appears to be a mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations. Further research is needed to determine if interventions specifically targeting self-efficacy in depressed mothers might decrease child hospitalizations. PMID:20706866

Holland, Margaret L; Yoo, Byung-Kwang; Kitzman, Harriet; Chaudron, Linda; Szilagyi, Peter G; Temkin-Greener, Helena

2011-10-01

359

Gender-Differences in Self-Efficacy ICT Related to Various ICT-User Profiles in Finland and Norway. How Do Self-Efficacy, Gender and ICT-User Profiles Relate to Findings from PISA 2006  

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In this paper, we explored the relationship between self-efficacy, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) user profiles, and gender. Self-efficacy is an important theoretical and empirical concept to identify and describe how students perceive their own ability to solve a task. ICT user profiles were developed as an empirical framework to…

Tomte, Cathrine; Hatlevik, Ove E.

2011-01-01

360

Effect of a motivational group intervention upon exercise self efficacy and outcome expectations for exercise in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs)  

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Background Persons with SSDs contend with multiple barriers to exercise. Interventions are needed to enhance attitudes theoretically linked to exercise behavior. Objective Examine effect of Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise for SSDs (WALC-S) intervention upon exercise self efficacy (SEE) and outcome expectations (OEES) in 97 outpatients with SSDs. Design Experimental, pre test posttest. Randomization to experimental (WALC-S) or time-and-attention control (TAC) after baseline SEE and OEES measures. Measures repeated after WALC-S or TAC. Results N = 97, 46% female, 43% African American, average age 46.9 years (SD = 2.0). Mean SEE scores were significantly higher in WALC-S participants after intervention (F (1,95) = 5.92, p = 0.0168), however, mean OEES scores were significantly higher in control participants after intervention (F (1,95) = 5.76, p = 0.0183. Conclusion This is the first study to examine SEE and OEES in SSDs. Interventions to enhance exercise attitudes are a critical first step toward the ultimate goal of increasing exercise participation. PMID:20445768

2010-01-01

361

Democratic Values and Teacher Self-Efficacy Perceptions: A Case of Pre-Service English Language Teachers in Turkey  

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This study investigated democratic values of pre-service English language teachers in relation to their teacher self-efficacy perceptions in a Turkish context. It also examined the possible relationships between gender, grade and democratic values and self-efficacy perceptions. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 294 pre-service teachers.…

Topkaya, Ece Zehir; Yavu, Aysun

2011-01-01

362

Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy in Beginning Weight Training Class: Their Relations to Students' Behavioral Intention and Actual Behavior  

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This study was an initial attempt to investigate the relationships among self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, behavioral intention, and actual behavior over time in a beginning weight training class. A total of 109 participants completed questionnaires assessing their self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and intentions for future weight training.…

Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lee, Amelia M.; Harrison, Louis, Jr.

2008-01-01

363

Job Satisfaction, Self-Efficacy, Burnout, and Path of Teacher Certification: Predictors of Attrition in Special Education Teachers  

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This study investigated the constructs of job satisfaction, self-efficacy, burnout and path of certification in relation to attrition of special education teachers. A correlational, predictive design assessed the five facets of the abridged Job Descriptive Index and the abridged Job in General survey, the factors of the Teacher Self-Efficacy

Johnson, Bradley W.

2010-01-01

364

Perceived Risk and Self-Efficacy as Motivators: Understanding Individuals' Long-Term Use of Health Information.  

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Considers to what extent perceived risk and self-efficacy interact with each other to determine individuals' motivation to seek health information. Identifies 4 groups of individuals according to their perceived risk and self-efficacy; responsive, proactive, avoidance, and indifference. Attempts to resolve some of the outstanding issues with…

Rimal, Rajiv N.

2001-01-01

365

Acculturation, Enculturation, Ethnic Identity, and Conscientiousness as Predictors of Latino Boys' and Girls' Career Decision Self-Efficacy  

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This study examined the role of culture and personality on the career decision self-efficacy of 338 Latino seventh-grade public middle school students. Specifically, we examined the role of acculturation, enculturation, ethnic identity, and conscientiousness on career decision self-efficacy. Findings indicated Latina girls were more acculturated…

Ojeda, Lizette; Pina-Watson, Brandy; Castillo, Linda G.; Castillo, Rosalinda; Khan, Noshaba; Leigh, Jennifer

2012-01-01

366

Comparison of the medical students' perceived self-efficacy and the evaluation of the observers and patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The accuracy of self-assessment has been questioned in studies comparing physicians' self-assessments to observed assessments; however, none of these studies used self-efficacy as a method for self-assessment.The aim of the study was to investigate how medical students' perceived self-efficacy of specific communication skills corresponds to the evaluation of simulated patients and observers.

Ammentorp, Jette; Thomsen, Janus Laust

2013-01-01

367

Family Background, Students' Academic Self-Efficacy, and Students' Career and Life Success Expectations  

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This study examined the relationship of family background on students' academic self-efficacy and the impact of students' self-efficacy on their career and life success expectations. The study used the national dataset of the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS: 2002), funded by the U.S. Department of Education. Based on a path…

Kim, Mihyeon

2014-01-01

368

Instructor Verbal and Nonverbal Immediacy and the Relationship with Student Self-Efficacy and Task Value Motivation  

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This descriptive correlation study sought to examine the relationships between verbal immediacy, nonverbal immediacy, self-efficacy and task value. Respondents assessed the verbal and nonverbal immediacy of their course instructor, and then assessed their personal self-efficacy and task value motivation. Results showed a significant positive…

Velez, Jonathan J.; Cano, Jamie

2012-01-01

369

The development and validation of a five-factor model of Sources of Self-Efficacy in clinical nursing education  

OpenAIRE

Background: The aim of this study is to validate a newly developed nurses' self-efficacy sources inventory. We test the validity of a five-dimensional model of sources of self-efficacy, which we contrast with the traditional four-dimensional model based on Bandura’s theoretical concepts. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis was used in the development of the...

Henk Gloudemans; René Schalk; Wouter Reynaert; Johan Braeken

2013-01-01

370

Attitudes to Technology, Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Computer Anxiety as Predictors of Computer Supported Education  

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There is a large body of research regarding computer supported education, perceptions of computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety and the technological attitudes of teachers and teacher candidates. However, no study has been conducted on the correlation between and effect of computer supported education, perceived computer self-efficacy, computer…

Celik, Vehbi; Yesilyurt, Etem

2013-01-01

371

The Role of Personality and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy in the Career Choice Commitment of College Students  

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This study investigated the effects of personality and career decision-making self-efficacy on progress in career choice commitment in a sample of 184 college students. It was hypothesized that self-efficacy would mediate the relationship between neuroticism and extraversion and career choice commitment. Results revealed significant differences…

Wang, Naitian; Jome, LaRae M.; Haase, Richard F.; Bruch, Monroe A.

2006-01-01

372

Adult Attachment, Social Self-Efficacy, Self-Disclosure, Loneliness, and Subsequent Depression for Freshman College Students: A Longitudinal Study  

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This longitudinal study examined whether social self-efficacy and self-disclosure serve as mediators between attachment and feelings of loneliness and subsequent depression. Participants were 308 freshmen at a large Midwestern university. Results indicated that social self-efficacy mediated the association between attachment anxiety and feelings…

Wei, Meifen; Russel, Daniel W.; Zakalik, Robyn A.

2005-01-01

373

The Development of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Pharmacy Students Based on Experiential Education  

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This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as…

Yorra, Mark L.

2012-01-01

374

Biology Self Efficacy Beliefs of the Students Studying in the Department of Biology and Department of Biology Teaching  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to evaluate the self-efficacy beliefs toward biology of the students studying in the department of biology and studying in the department of biology teaching. Also in this study biology self-efficacy beliefs of students were examined according to variables of grade and department. The study was done through survey method. The research was held in 2008-2009 spring semester Faculty of Education Biology Teaching Program 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th grade students and Faculty of Science Department of Biology 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th grade students-478 students in total. As a tool of data collection, biology self-efficacy scale was used in this study. Findings indicate that biology self-efficacy beliefs of students are at the mid-level. In addition, in this study it was identified that biology self-efficacy of students studying in department of biology teaching is higher than the self-efficacy of students studying in the department of biology. Also, at the end of eta-square correlation coefficient analysis it was determined that variable of department affected self-efficacy towards biology at a low level (?=.01. On the other hand, it was identified that variable of grade did not affect the biology self-efficacy beliefs.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved

Gülay Ekici

2012-04-01

375

Effects of Online College Student's Internet Self-Efficacy on Learning Motivation and Performance  

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This study investigates how Internet self-efficacy helps students to transform motivation into learning action, and its influence on learning performance. In this study, the effects of Internet self-efficacy on motivation and the learning performance of online college students were examined using social cognitive theory. The subjects of this study…

Chang, Chiung-Sui; Liu, Eric Zhi-Feng; Sung, Hung-Yen; Lin, Chun-Hung; Chen, Nian-Shing; Cheng, Shan-Shan

2014-01-01

376

The Impact of a 15-Week Lifetime Wellness Course on Behavior Change and Self-Efficacy in College Students  

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a lifetime wellness course on changing students' global self-efficacy, physical self-efficacy, and wellness behavior. Methods: Seventy-one college students from a lifetime wellness course completed the TestWell Wellness Inventory--Standard Edition (National Wellness Institute,…

Lockwood, Park; Wohl, Roy

2012-01-01

377

The Impact of Supervisory Mentoring on Personal Learning and Career Outcomes: The Dual Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy  

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Using survey data from 226 employees and their supervisors in four manufacturing companies in China, we found that employee self-efficacy has a dual moderating effect on the impact of supervisory mentoring on subordinate career outcomes. Path analytic tests of mediated moderation suggested that self-efficacy moderates the mediated effects of…

Pan, Wen; Sun, Li-Yun; Chow, Irene Hau Siu

2011-01-01

378

Use of ICT Technologies and Factors Affecting Pre-Service ELT Teachers' Perceived ICT Self-Efficacy  

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This study aims to identify both level and frequency of ICT technology use and factors affecting perceived self-efficacy levels of pre-service English Language Teaching (ELT) teachers' (n = 241) ICT self-efficacy. The data were collected through a survey (Çuhadar & Yücel, 2010) during the 2011-2012 academic year that includes items on the…

Bozdogan, Derya; Özen, Rasit

2014-01-01

379

Group versus Goal-Setting Effects on the Self-Regulated Performance of Students Differing in Self-Efficacy.  

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The effects of working in groups (WIG), goal-setting, and a control condition on self-regulated performance were compared for 126 college students (prospective teachers at high, middle, and low self-efficacy levels). A strong interaction between performance condition and individual self-efficacy level surfaced. WIG only increased performance of…

Tuckman, Bruce W.

1990-01-01

380

Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Gifted and Non-Gifted Students in the Elementary School System  

Science.gov (United States)

According to the social-cognitive theory, students increase or decrease their self-efficacy and self-esteem based on previous performance, comparison with peers, and feedback from their learning environment. Similar studies have looked at self-efficacy and/or self-esteem; for example, a study was done at the University of Georgia in which they…

Edins, Cynthia A.

2009-01-01

381

Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Mathematical Literacy and Connections between Mathematics and Real World: The Case of High School Students  

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The aim of this study is to investigate high school student's self-efficacy beliefs in mathematical literacy (ML) and to explore their views on the connections between mathematics and the real world according to their levels of ML self-efficacy beliefs. Both quantitative and qualitative data was collected from 40 high school students. Data…

Ozgen, Kemal

2013-01-01

382

Impact of an Engineering Mentorship Program on African-American Male High School Students' Perceptions and Self-Efficacy  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an engineering mentorship program on African-American male high school students' perceptions of engineering as a viable career choice. In this study, indicators included students' perceptions of engineering, their self-efficacy in the area of mathematics, and their self-efficacy in the area of…

Denson, Cameron D.; Hill, Roger B.

2010-01-01

383

Teaching Diversity by Using Instructional Technology: Application of Self-Efficacy and Cultural Competence  

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Purpose: This study examines the use of an instructional technology of utilizing the online forum as a tool for improving self-efficacy related to cultural competency among social work graduate students. As a supplement to face-to-face classes, students (n=103) were encouraged to participate in an Online Diversity Forum (ODF).…

Lee, E. Othelia; Bertera, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

384

Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Testing of the Short Form of Iranian Childbirth Self Efficacy Inventory  

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Background: To assess maternal confidence in her ability to cope with labor, a measure of childbirth self efficacy is necessary. Objectives: This paper aims to assess the cultural adaptation and psychometric testing of the short form of childbirth self-efficacy Inventory among Iranian pregnant women. Patients and Methods: In this descriptive-methodological study, we investigated 383 Iranian pregnant women in the third trimester. They were recruited from the outpatient prenatal care clinic of Taleghani Hospital and an urban health center from August to November 2011. Content validity was evaluated by a panel of specialists after adding two religious items. The women completed the inventory and the demographic characteristics questionnaire in an interview room. The internal consistency and construct validity were assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, respectively. Known group analysis on gravity assessed the discriminant validity of the measure. Results: Content validity of the short form of the Iranian childbirth self-efficacy Inventory was confirmed. Factor analyses supported the conceptual two-factor structure of measure and hence supported its construct validity. The internal consistency was approved for the total scale and both subscales. The instrument differentiated prim gravid from multigravida women in the total scale and the efficacy expectancy subscale. Conclusions: Validity and reliability of the measure supports the use of the short form of the instrument as a clinical and research instrument in measuring childbirth self-efficacy among Iranian pregnant women. PMID:24719682

Khorsandi, Mahboubeh; Asghari Jafarabadi, Mohammad; Jahani, Farzaneh; Rafiei, Mohammad

2013-01-01

385

The Measurement of Classroom Management Self-Efficacy: A Review of Measurement Instrument Development and Influences  

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Teachers' self-efficacy (SE) in their classroom management capabilities is thought to be an important factor in teachers' overall judgements of their teaching SE. Low SE in classroom management has been linked to teacher attrition and burnout, and reduced student learning outcomes. This article provides the first comprehensive review of classroom…

O'Neill, Sue Catherine; Stephenson, Jennifer

2011-01-01

386

Self-Efficacy and Classroom Management: A Correlation Study Regarding the Factors That Influence Classroom Management  

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Classroom management has proved to be a plaguing aspect of the teaching and learning process over the past century. This single skill has heavily contributed to teacher stress and burnout (Gordon, 2002;Jepson & Forrest, 2006), teacher turnover (Ritter & Hancock, 2007; Rosas & West, 2009), overall teacher self-efficacy (Caprara,…

Hicks, Stephanie Diamond

2012-01-01

387

The confidence to practice midwifery: preceptor influence on student self-efficacy.  

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The imperative for midwifery educators is to transmit to their students midwifery's unique body of knowledge and hallmarks of care that guide midwifery practice. Concerns have been raised about the ability to maintain the unique aspects of midwifery practice in a culture where routine use of intervention prevails. A theory-practice gap may lead to fewer student midwives exposed to the perspective and practices of midwifery during their clinical education. Preceptor role modeling is important to developing student confidence, conceptualized as self-efficacy, to persist in the practice of midwifery hallmark behaviors, particularly under conditions that undermine these practices. This study examined student perceptions of preceptor behaviors of two midwifery hallmarks of practice: therapeutic presence and non-intervention in the absence of complication and student self-efficacy for performing these behaviors. Recent graduates of education programs accredited by the American College of Nurse-Midwives Division of Accreditation completed researcher-developed tools regarding perceptions of preceptor behaviors of therapeutic presence and non-intervention and their outcome expectancy and self-efficacy for the same behaviors. The results indicate that preceptor behaviors influence student confidence to perform hallmark behaviors. Student belief in the value of the hallmark to benefit women is the biggest predictor of self-efficacy for hallmark behaviors. Clinical and educational implications and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:18761294

Jordan, Robin; Farley, Cindy L

2008-01-01

388

Perceived Self-Efficacy of Licensed Counselors to Provide Substance Abuse Counseling  

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This nationwide, quantitative study documented licensed counselors' perceived self-efficacy of adequately providing substance abuse services. Despite their lack of substance abuse training, counselors were highly confident in their ability to provide quality substance abuse services. Counselor training implications are discussed. (Contains 3…

Chandler, Nichelle; Balkin, Richard S.; Perepiczka, Michelle

2011-01-01

389

Depression among Collage Students; The Role of General Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support  

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Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder reported among college students. Evidence suggests that depression rate is especially high among medical students. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship of general self-efficacy and social support with depression levels of university students.Materials & Methods: This was a descriptive analytic study carried out among 235 students in Hamadan University of medical sciences. Samples were classified with the appropriate assignment done and gathering information from standard questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory test & General Self Efficacy Scale & Perceived Social Support Scale. The data were analyzed by SPSS-13.Results: 37 percent of students showed different degrees of depression. A significant negative correlation was found among depression, self efficacy (P.value= 0.000, r= -0.581, and social support (P.value= 0.000, r= -0.617. Also the results showed that there was significant relationship between depression and student's dwelling (P<0.05.Conclusion: These findings also indicated the potential roles of social support in mediating depression. According to the results self efficacy strategies could improve the students' mental health.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2012;18(4:60-66

F. Jalilian

2012-01-01

390

The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students  

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The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

Gocer, Ali

2013-01-01

391

Agricultural Personnel’s Proactive Behavior: Effects of Self efficacy Perceptions and Perceived Organizational Support  

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A model for predicting psychological empowerment and proactive behavior was examined with 80 agricultural personnel from Karaj, Iran country. They completed measures of perceived organizational support (POS), psychological empowerment (PE), self efficacy (JSE), and proactive behavior (PB). Results supported the conceptual framework of study for understanding internal and motivational underpinnings that may contribute to explain psychological empowerment and proactive behavior. Perceived organ...

Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi; Hossein Kazem Nadi; Seyed Mahmood Hosseini; Ahmad Rezvanfar

2012-01-01

392

Computer Self-Efficacy, Competitive Anxiety and Flow State: Escaping from Firing Online Game  

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Flow state in game playing affected by computer self-efficacy and game competitive anxiety was studied. In order to examine the effect of those constructs with high competition, this study select "Escaping from firing online game" which require college students to escape from fire and rescue people and eliminate the fire damage along the way of…

Hong, Jon-Chao; Pei-Yu, Chiu; Shih, Hsiao-Feng; Lin, Pei-Shin; Hong, Jon-Chao

2012-01-01

393

Teacher Self-Efficacy and Occupational Stress: A Major Australian Curriculum Reform Revisited  

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Purpose: The purpose of this research was to study teachers' self-efficacy and occupational stress in the context of a large-scale curriculum reform in New South Wales, Australia. The study aims to follow up and replicate a study carried out approximately one year earlier. Design/methodology/approach: A theoretical framework, primarily based on…

McCormick, John; Ayres, Paul L.

2009-01-01

394

Cross-Validation of the Norwegian Teacher's Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES)  

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The study assesses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale--NTSES. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis was used to explore the measurement invariance of the scale across two countries. Analyses performed on Italian and Norwegian samples confirmed a six-factor structure of the scale…

Avanzi, Lorenzo; Miglioretti, Massimo; Velasco, Veronica; Balducci, Cristian; Vecchio, Luca; Fraccaroli, Franco; Skaalvik, Einar M.

2013-01-01

395

Creative Self-Efficacy and Innovative Behavior in a Service Setting: Optimism as a Moderator  

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Creativity research on the personality approach has focused on the relationship between individual attributes and innovative behavior. However, few studies have empirically examined the effects of positive psychological traits on innovative behavior in an organizational setting. This study examines the relationships among creative self-efficacy,…

Hsu, Michael L. A.; Hou, Sheng-Tsung; Fan, Hsueh-Liang

2011-01-01

396

Enhancing Entrepreneurship: The Role of Goal Orientation and Self-Efficacy  

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Entrepreneurship has become increasingly important in the workplace. Research suggests motivational traits are important in pursuing entrepreneurial activities. Yet, the extent to which factors influencing entrepreneurial versus managerial goals differ remains unclear. This study assessed the influence of goal orientation and self-efficacy in…

Culbertson, Satoris S.; Smith, Michael R.; Leiva, Pedro I.

2011-01-01

397

Goal Orientation, Learning Self-Efficacy, and Climate Perceptions in a Post-Acquisition Corporate Context  

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The present investigation offers some insight for human resource development (HRD) practitioners and researchers focused on helping employees pursue learning goals as they adapt to organizational changes. Using a repeated measurement over a five-year time period, this study examined goal orientation, learning self-efficacy, climate perceptions,…

Potosky, Denise

2010-01-01

398

The Role of Moral Disengagement and Self-Efficacy in Cyberbullying  

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This study examines the association between moral disengagement and cyberbullying using a measure of moral disengagement tailored to cyberbullying. It also examines adolescents' self-beliefs in their competence to engage in cyberbullying (cyberbullying self-efficacy beliefs) and how these beliefs may moderate the relation between moral…

Bussey, Kay; Fitzpatrick, Sally; Raman, Amrutha

2015-01-01

399

Relationships among Young Adults' Marital Messages Received, Marital Attitudes, and Relationship Self-Efficacy  

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The authors examined relationships among university students' marital messages received (MMR), marital attitudes, and romantic relationship self-efficacy (RSE). Results indicated that students' marital attitudes and romantic relationship status predicted their level of RSE. The authors found differences in MMR, marital attitudes, and RSE on the…

Shurts, W. Matthew; Myers, Jane E.

2012-01-01

400

An educational intervention designed to increase women's leadership self-efficacy.  

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Women are sparsely represented in leadership in academic science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). Cultural stereotypes about men, women, and leaders influence the attitudes, judgments, and decisions that others make about women and the choices women make for themselves. Multilevel interventions are needed to counteract the impact of these pervasive and easily activated stereotypes, which conspire in multiple ways to constrain women's entry, persistence, and advancement in academic STEMM. We describe an individual-level educational intervention. Using the transtheoretical model of behavioral change as a framework, we assessed the success of a semester course on increasing women's leadership self-efficacy for the first three cohorts of course participants (n = 30). Pre/post questionnaires showed gains in leadership self-efficacy, personal mastery, and self-esteem, and decreases in perceived constraints. Qualitative text analysis of weekly journals indicated increasing leadership self-efficacy as course participants applied course information and integrated strategies to mitigate the impact of societal stereotypes into their own leadership practices. Follow-up queries of the first two cohorts supported the enduring value of course participation. We conclude that providing strategies to recognize and mitigate the impact of gender stereotypes is effective in increasing leadership self-efficacy in women at early stages of academic STEMM careers. PMID:22949427

Isaac, Carol; Kaatz, Anna; Lee, Barbara; Carnes, Molly

2012-01-01

401

Team Conflict Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy of Business Students  

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On the basis of a self-efficacy framework, the authors present a theoretically sound model explaining the behavioral intentions of students to apply teamwork skills they learn in business courses. The model links variables at least partially controllable by faculty in a classroom setting to students' behavioral intentions to use teamwork skills.…

Stone, Robert W.; Bailey, Jeffrey J.

2007-01-01

402

Influence of Self-Efficacy on Fat-Related Dietary Behavior in Chinese Americans  

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The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between self-efficacy and fat-related dietary behavior among a sample of first and second generation Chinese Americans living in New York City. A survey questionnaire was administered to a purposive sample of 743 Chinese Americans, ranging from ages 21 to 73. The questionnaire measured…

Liou, Doreen

2004-01-01

403

The Relationship between Enactive Mastery Experiences and Online-Course Self Efficacy (OCSE)  

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The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between enactive mastery experiences (with computers, the Internet, training, online courses, and hybrid course experiences) and online course self-efficacy (OCSE). A total of 94 mid-Illinois university students participated in the research. Pearson's correlation and multiple regression…

Kim, Sooyoung

2005-01-01

404

The Effects of Parental Involvement on Students' Academic Self-Efficacy, Engagement and Intrinsic Motivation  

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This research examined whether various dimensions of parental involvement predicted 10th-grade students' motivation (engagement, self-efficacy towards maths and English, intrinsic motivation towards maths and English) using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS 2002). Results showed that both parents' educational aspiration for…

Fan, Weihua; Williams, Cathy M.

2010-01-01

405

Japanese Children and Plate Waste: Contexts of Low Self-Efficacy  

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Objective: Leaving a portion of meals uneaten, known as plate waste, is a serious problem among children in Japan. Although children's confidence that they can completely finish meals is related to plate waste, the circumstances that influence this confidence are not known. This study examined situations in which low self-efficacy for…

Abe, Keina; Akamatsu, Rie

2015-01-01

406

Predicting Post Traumatic Growth Based upon Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support in Cancer Patients  

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Background Despite the fact that being exposed to traumatic and stressful events could have severe consequences, studies have shown that even in the wake of negative events such as cancer diagnosis, we see some changes and positive impacts in scheme, philosophy of life and self-perception, a process which is called Post Traumatic Growth (PTG). The aim of the current research is to define share of self-efficacy and perceived social support in the prediction of PTG. Methods The research is a correlation type. For this aim, 95 patients with cancer came to Shohadaye Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Zanjan, and Mehraneh Charity Institute, Zanjan in 2012 have been selec ted based on available sampling and evaluated regarding self-efficacy, and perceived social support and PTG. Results Data analysis using Pearson correlation and regression analysis (simple and multiple) showed that self-efficacy and Perceived Social Support in cancer patients have direct significant relation with variable of PTG and explain 13.5%, 10.6% and jointly 20.7% of PTG changes respectively. Conclusion The research findings show that the variables of self-efficacy and Perceived Social Support explain significantly the PTG and these psychological variables can be used to provide improvement plans and mental health and PTG facilities. PMID:25250161

Lotfi-Kashani, Farah; Vaziri, Shahram; Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil; Kazemi-Zanjani, Nahid; Shamkoeyan, Leila

2014-01-01

407

Student Perceptions of Assessment and Student Self-Efficacy in Competence-Based Education  

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The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the interplay between student perceptions of competence-based assessment and student self-efficacy, and how this influences student learning outcomes. Results reveal that student perceptions of the form authenticity aspect and the quality feedback aspect of assessment do predict student…

van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien; Braeken, Johan

2014-01-01

408

Distinctions between Computer Self-Efficacy of Pupils and Teachers in Elementary School  

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The aim of this study was to establish whether there are differences between the computer self-efficacy of pupils and teachers (N = 507) in the context of the classroom, as a developing workplace of the teacher in elementary education. The survey covered 184 teachers and 323 pupils in elementary school. The results show that there is no…

Topolovcan, Tomislav; Matijevic, Milan

2014-01-01

409

Preservice Teachers' Content Knowledge and Self-Efficacy for Teaching Reading  

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This mixed methods study examined preservice teachers' growth in content knowledge and self-efficacy for teaching reading as they participated in a literacy course/reading clinic practicum with those not enrolled in the experience. Groups were compared on three measures using a pretest-posttest design. Additionally, five preservice teachers from…

Leader-Janssen, Elizabeth M.; Rankin-Erickson, Joan L.

2013-01-01

410

Analysis of Social Problem Solving and Social Self-Efficacy in Prospective Teachers  

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between social problem solving and social selfefficacy and the predictive role of social problem solving skills with social self-efficacy. The sample consists of 706 prospective teachers (362 female and 344 male) who are majoring in different fields at Mugla Sitki Kocman…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2014-01-01

411

Relationship between Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Their Willingness to Implement Curriculum Reform  

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The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships between classroom teachers' self-efficacy and their willingness to implement curriculum reform. The sample of this study included 255 classroom teachers. The data in this study were collected using the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and the Teachers' Willingness to…

Cerit, Yusuf

2013-01-01

412

Gender Differences in Academic Self-Efficacy: A Meta-Analysis  

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A meta-analysis of 187 studies containing 247 independent studies (N = 68,429) on gender differences in academic self-efficacy identified an overall effect size of 0.08, with a small difference favoring males. Moderator analysis demonstrated that content domain was a significant moderator in explaining effect size variation. Females displayed…

Huang, Chiungjung

2013-01-01

413

Factors Influencing the Self-Efficacy Beliefs of First-Year Engineering Students  

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A survey incorporating qualitative measures of student self-efficacy beliefs was administered to 1,387 first-year engineering students enrolled in ENGR 106, Engineering Problem-Solving and Computer Tools, at Purdue University. The survey was designed to identify factors related to students' self-efficacy beliefs, their beliefs about their capabilities to perform the tasks necessary to achieve a desired outcome. Open-ended questions prompted students to list factors affecting their confidence in their ability to succeed in the course. Students were then asked to rank these factors based on the degree to which their self-efficacy beliefs were influenced. Gender trends emerged in student responses to factors that affect confident in success. These trends are discussed in light of the categories identified by efficacy theorists as sources of self-efficacy beliefs. The results presented here provide a useful look at the first-year engineering experiences that influence students' efficacy beliefs, an important consideration in explaining student achievement, persistence, and interest.

Hutchison, Mica A.; Follman, Deborah K.; Sumpter, Melissa; Bodner, George M.

2006-05-24

414

Teacher Training and Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

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This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful…

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-01-01

415

College and Academic Self-Efficacy as Antecedents for High School Dual-Credit Enrollment  

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Do high school students who are predisposed to enroll in dual-credit courses already possess high levels of motivation or college and academic self-efficacy? Students in this study reported being academically motivated, but they did not report high levels of confidence in their ability to perform certain college-associated tasks. Of 52 items…

Ozmun, Cliff D.

2013-01-01

416

Factors Related to Middle School Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Inclusion Classrooms  

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Special educators, general educators, and paraeducators work collaboratively in inclusion classrooms where students with learning disabilities receive education in general education classes. Successful inclusion relies on teacher self-efficacy and positive educator attitudes toward inclusion. Previous research has indicated that educators…

Smith, Kentina R.

2012-01-01

417

Understanding Teaching Assistant Self-Efficacy in Role and in Training: Its Susceptibility to Influence  

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There has been a noted growth in the number of teaching assistants (TAs) in mainstream schools. Research is inconclusive about their efficacy at changing outcomes for children and has proposed more training for TAs. Generic training models have suggested that enhancing self-efficacy in turn improves performance. This exploratory study investigated…

Higgins, Helen; Gulliford, Anthea

2014-01-01

418

Attrition in Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs and Self-Efficacy at Enrollment  

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Among other goals, the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is designed to improve self-efficacy of the chronically ill. However, a substantial proportion of the enrollees often leave CDSMPs before completing the program curriculum. This study examines factors associated with program attrition in a CDSMP implemented in a community…

Verevkina, Nina; Shi, Yunfeng; Fuentes-Caceres, Veronica Alejandra; Scanlon, Dennis Patrick

2014-01-01

419

A Perceptual Scale for Measurement and Evaluation of Prospective Teachers Self-Efficacy in Education  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study is to construct a scale to measure self- efficacy of teacher candidates and develop a measurement tool measuring their self-efficacy related to assessment and evaluation in education. Study group has been composed of 764 candidates teachers currently studying in different universities. After providing content and appearance validity of 23 items about self-efficacy, turned into 5-point Likert scale. For validity and reliability, Cronbach?s Alpha Coefficient was calculated because the study was applied at one session. For factor analyzing and validity of structure, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed. In this factor analysis four different models were tried. The values of GFI, CFI, NNFI and RMSEA were found acceptable. The scale was seen highly reliable from both general and sub-dimension respect. As a result, 23-item measurement tool was found constructed in two sub-dimensions such as cognitive and skill based and also scaling self-efficacy of candidate teachers? perceptions.

Mustafa KILINÇ

2011-12-01

420

Technology Readiness, Internet Self-Efficacy and Computing Experience of Professional Accounting Students  

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Purpose: This study aims to assess the state of technology readiness of professional accounting students in Malaysia, to examine their level of internet self-efficacy, to assess their prior computing experience, and to explore if they are satisfied with the professional course that they are pursuing in improving their technology skills.…

Lai, Ming-Ling

2008-01-01

421

Development and Validation of Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale for College Students  

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This study described the process of developing and validating the College Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale (CCSS) that can be used to assess college students' beliefs in their ability to perform essential tasks in chemistry. In the first phase, data collected from 363 college students provided evidence for the validity and reliability of the new…

Uzuntiryaki, Esen; Aydin, Yesim Capa

2009-01-01

422

Microteaching and Pre-Service Teachers' Sense of Self-Efficacy in Teaching  

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This study examined the effect of microteaching on pre-service teachers' sense of self-efficacy in teaching using a pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental design. The sample of the study consisted of 70 pre-service teachers on a special education teacher preparation programme. The pre-service teachers in the experimental group were exposed to…

Arsal, Zeki

2014-01-01

423

Women's success in science: The role of self-efficacy and resiliency in building social capital  

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The experiences of seven women pursuing undergraduate degrees in atmospheric sciences are examined through lenses constructed from social science theories of self-efficacy, resiliency and social capital. Each of the women successfully earned a Bachelor's degree in atmospheric sciences in spite of being the minority in a male-dominated field. Examination of individual characteristics and experiences of each woman support the theory that successful women in atmospheric sciences enter into the degree program with a strong science self-efficacy and that self-efficacy is built upon as the women continue working toward their degree. All women in this study display characteristics of individuals who are resilient---who are able to continue on in the pursuit of personal goals in the face of adversity. During their tenure as an undergraduate, they use their self-efficacy and resilient nature to develop social capital through relationship building. This social capital provides them with an entree into the atmospheric sciences community and facilitates their further development of meaningful, professional relationships. The findings of this research are used as a scaffold to develop recommended structures, both physical and social, that atmospheric science departments can develop in order to promote the success of women in their undergraduate programs.

Charlevoix-Romine, Donna J.

424

Finding Fulfillment: Women's Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Career Choices in Chemistry  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has shown that self-efficacy beliefs are effective predictors of academic major and career choices in middle school, high school, and early college populations. There is little understanding, however, of how these beliefs develop and what influence they have on academic and career choices in women at the advanced undergraduate and…

Grunert, Megan L.; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

425

Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Self-Efficacy in Relation to Medication Calculation Performance in Nurses  

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The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the relationships that exist between mathematics anxiety and nurse self-efficacy for mathematics, and the medication calculation performance of acute care nurses. This research used a quantitative correlational research design and involved a sample of 84 acute care nurses, LVNs and RNs, from a…

Melius, Joyce

2012-01-01

426

Sleep characteristics, sleep problems, and associations of self-efficacy among German university students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Angelika A Schlarb1,2, Dominika Kulessa1,*, Marco D Gulewitsch1,*1Faculty of Science, Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen, 2Faculty of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Sleep problems, especially insomnia, are a common complaint among adults. International studies on university students have shown prevalence rates between 4.7% and 36.2% for sleep difficulties, and 13.1% and 28.1% for insomnia. Sleep problems are associated with lower social and academic performance and can have a severe impact on psychological and physical health.Objective: The goal of this study was to outline sleep characteristics, prevalence of sleep problems, insomnia, and associations with self-efficacy among German university students.Methods: A total of 2196 university students (70.9% women; mean age 24.16 years participated in the study. Sleep characteristics, sleep problems, insomnia, and self-efficacy were assessed using a questionnaire.Results and conclusion: Analyses revealed that more than 16% of surveyed students needed more than 30 minutes to fall asleep. About 7.7% of the students suffered from insomnia. Short sleep was significantly associated with a considerably increased rate of insomnia (20%. Insomniacs showed lower self-efficacy than students without sleep problems.Keywords: university students, sleep characteristics, sleep problems, insomnia, self-efficacy

Gulewitsch MD

2012-02-01

427

Development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale  

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The authors present the development of the Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (ELICSES). The purpose of this article is threefold: (a) present a rationale for the ELICSES, (b) review statistical analysis procedures used to develop the ELICSES, and (c) offer implications for future research and counselor education.

Mullen, Patrick R.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Conley, Abigail H.

2014-01-01

428

Relations of Gender and Socioeconomic Status to Physics through Metacognition and Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors explored how gender and socioeconomic status (SES) predicted physics achievement as mediated by metacognition and physics self-efficacy. Data were collected from 338 high school students. The model designed for exploring how gender and SES-related differences in physics achievement were explained through metacognition and physics…

Yerdelen-Damar, Sevda; Pesman, Haki

2013-01-01

429

Progress Feedback Effects on Students' Writing Mastery Goal, Self-Efficacy Beliefs, and Performance  

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The effects of progress feedback on university students' writing mastery goal, self-efficacy beliefs, and writing performance were examined in this experiment. Students in the experimental condition (n = 42) received progress feedback on their writing assignment, whereas students in the control condition (n = 44) received feedback without progress…

Duijnhouwer, Hendrien; Prins, Frans J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2010-01-01

430

Preliminary Evidence that Self-Efficacy Predicts Physical Activity in Multiple Sclerosis  

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Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are less physically active than nondiseased people. One method for increasing physical activity levels involves the identification of factors that correlate with physical activity and that are modifiable by a well designed intervention. This study examined two types of self-efficacy as cross-sectional and…

Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Doerksen, Shawna; Hu, Liang; Morris, Katherine S.

2009-01-01

431

Long term follow-up on health care professionals’ self-efficacy after communication skills training  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Good communication is commonly recognised to be a precondition for optimal health care and treatment.  Nevertheless, serious communication problems are still experienced by patients as well as by health care professionals and therefore an orthopaedic surgery department initiated a three-day communication skills training course for all staff members expecting an increase in patient-centeredness in communication and more respectful inter-collegial communi- cation. The aim of this study is to report the long term effect of communication skills training course on health care professionals’ self-efficacy in communication with patients and colleagues. Method: An intervention study assessing health care professionals’ self-efficacy before and eighteen months after having participated in the course using pre-course data as baseline for paired t-tests of means. Data were collected by means of questionnaires. Results: Responses to the 18-months post-course questionnaire were received from 121 participants (93% showing sustained significant increases in self-efficacy across professions for all questions regarding communication with both patients and colleagues. Discussion: This long term assessment shows that communication skills training can produce significant and sustainable increases in the self-efficacy of health care professionals in communication with both patients and colleagues.

Birgitte Nørgaard

2013-03-01

432

Determination of the Computer Self-Efficacy Perception of Students and Metaphors Related to "Computer Ownership"  

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The aim of this research is to determine the computer self-efficacy perception of second grade primary school students and their opinions regarding computer ownership through metaphors. The research applied the scanning model and was conducted during the 2011-2012 academic year among seven primary schools of the Ministry of National Education in…

Gecer, Aynur

2013-01-01

433

Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

Adalier, Ahmet

2012-01-01

434

Seeing Self as Others See You: Variability in Self-Efficacy Ratings in Student Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

The main objective of this study was to compare pre-service English teachers' self-efficacy beliefs with the instructors' views of the teaching competence of these pre-service teachers. Thirty-nine student teachers (13 males and 26 females) and five female instructors participated in the study. For data collection, student teacher and instructor…

Cakir, Ozler; Alici, Devrim

2009-01-01

435

Psychometric Characteristics of the Parsimonious Chinese Version of the Smoking Self-Efficacy Survey (CSSES-20)  

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Background: Cigarette smoking is a health-risk behavior of global proportions. Self-efficacy plays an important role in both smoking acquisition and smoking resistance. Reliability and validity of an instrument is fundamental to research results, particularly in its simplified form on a different population. The purpose of this study was to…

Chen, Huey-Shys; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Ho, Ching-Sung

2010-01-01

436

Student Self-Efficacy in Introductory Project-Based Learning Courses  

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This study investigates first-year engineering students' self-efficacy in two introductory Project-Based Learning (PjBL) courses -- Physics (Mechanics) Laboratory and Engineering Design -- taught at a small technical institution. Twelve students participated in semi-structured open-ended interviews about their experiences in both courses. Analysis was performed using grounded theory. Results indicate that students had lower self-efficacy in Physics Lab than in Engineering Design. In Physics Lab, students reported high levels of faculty-supported scaffolding related to final project deliverables, which in turn established perceptions of an outcome-based course emphasis. Conversely, in Engineering Design, students observed high levels of scaffolding related to the intermediate project deliverables, highlighting process-centered aspects of the course. Our analyses indicate that this difference in student perceptions of course emphases -- resulting from the differences in scaffolding -- is a primary factor for the discrepancy in self-efficacy between Physics Lab and Engineering Design. Future work will examine how other variables (e.g., academic background, perception of community, gender) affect students' self-efficacy and perception of scaffolding in these PjBL courses.

Pleiss, Geoffrey; Zastavker, Yevgeniya V.

2012-02-01

437

Neighborhood Environment, Self-Efficacy, and Physical Activity in Urban Adolescents  

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Objectives: To test the pathways between perceptions of built environment factors and physical activity in urban youth. Methods: Three hundred fifty high school students' perceptions of neighborhood, and barrier self efficacy were measured by a Web survey. Physical activities were assessed using a one-week diary and accelerometers. Results:…

Voorhees, Carolyn C.; Yan, Alice F.; Clifton, Kelly J.; Wang, Min Qi

2011-01-01

438

Investigation of Primary School Students’ Science Attitudes and Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine the science attitudes and the self-efficacy levels of 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade elementary school students and to investigate in terms of gender, grade and socio-economic status. Survey model is used in the research and this research is conducted with 296 elementary students in three different schools in the center of Balikesir province. Science Attitude Scale, Generalized Self Efficacy Scale and interviews obtained from 36 students were used for data collection. According to analysis, the results of the research indicate that gender has no effect on science attitude and self-efficacy, according to students’ attitude toward science there are significant differences among 5th-7th, 5th-8th, 6th-7th, 6th-8th grades and according to self-efficacy there are significant differences among 5th-6th, 5th-7th, 5th-8th grades in favor of upper grades.

Olcay S?NAN

2014-07-01

439

Self-efficacy as a relevant construct in understanding sexual response and dysfunction.  

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While self-efficacy has been widely used to explain and treat various biobehavioral responses, few investigations have examined this concept in the context of sexual response and dysfunction. In this study, the authors constructed a measure of sexual self-efficacy, investigated whether it differentiated men with and without sexual dysfunction, and determined the utility of this construct by exploring its relation to other variables known to be related to erectile dysfunction in a sample of 60 men with erectile dysfunction and 14 functional men visiting a urology clinic. The sexual self-efficacy index differentiated men with and without erectile dysfunction, and general linear modeling showed that the index did indeed relate to other variables known to affect sexual and emotional response during a partnered sexual experience. These findings suggest that, as a unifying construct that predicts cognitive, affective, motivational, and behavioral responses, sexual self-efficacy has the potential to play an important role in the assessment of effective treatments for sexual problems. PMID:24328698

Rowland, David L; Adamski, Beth A; Neal, Cody J; Myers, Amy L; Burnett, Arthur L

2015-01-01

440

Assessment of attitudes and self-efficacy of pre-service teachers towards inclusive education  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to assess attitudes and self-efficacy of pre-service teachers regarding inclusive education. A sample of N = 241 pre-service teachers was asked to self-report in a questionnaire about their attitudes towards the arrangement of inclusive education, the effects of inclusive learning settings, and the influence of the students’ behavior on teaching and learning in an inclusive setting. Moreover, they were asked to evaluate their self-efficacy with regard to the arrangement of inclusive education, the handling of classroom disruptions and the collaboration with parents. A confirmative factor analysis resulted in a second-order model with three distinctive factors both for attitude as well as for self-efficacy. For all subscales, internal consistency reliabilities were satisfying. Additionally, the participants were asked to report on their personal and instructional experiences with people with a disability. The results indicated a positive relation between attitude and personal experiences, and instructional experiences and self-efficacy.

Stefanie Bosse

2014-11-01

441

Investigating School Counselors' Perceived Role and Self-Efficacy in Managing Multiparty Student Conflict  

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The purpose of this study was to examine school counselors' perceived role and self-efficacy in managing multiparty student conflict. Literature on conflict resolution in the field of education has not addressed conflicts that take place among three or more students, or multiparty student conflict. Therefore, investigated in this study were middle…

Yacco, Summer

2010-01-01

442

The Generality of Drug Resistance Self-Efficacy across Social Situations and Solitary Contexts.  

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According to a recent national survey, 9 out of 10 high school students in the United States reported that they had tried alcohol at least once. Previous research has identified drug resistance self-efficacy (DRSE) as an important construct in adolescent drug use, which is the focus of this research study. A total of 361 students in grades 9-12…

Jenkins, Jeanne E.; Nolan, Heather; Rieder, Christie

443

A Scenario-Based Dieting Self-Efficacy Scale: The DIET-SE  

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The article discusses a scenario-based dieting self-efficacy scale, the DIET-SE, developed from dieter's inventory of eating temptations (DIET). The DIET-SE consists of items that describe scenarios of eating temptations for a range of dieting situations, including high-caloric food temptations. Four studies assessed the psychometric properties of…

Stich, Christine; Knauper, Barbel; Tint, Ami

2009-01-01

444

Protection Motivation and Self-Efficacy: Toward a General Expectancy-Value Model of Attitude Change.  

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Rogers' protection motivation theory that, in a fear-producing situation, stresses cognitive processes rather than emotional ones and emphasizes coping with or avoiding aversive events rather than reducing unpleasant emotional states and Bandura's theory of self-efficacy, i.e., all processes of psychological change operate through the alteration…

Maddux, James E.; Rogers, Ronald W.

445

Protection Motivation and Self-Efficacy: A Model of Health Enhancement.  

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Protection motivation theory proposes that a perceived threat to health activates cognitive appraisals of the severity of the threatened event, the probability of its occurrence, and the efficacy of a coping response; a recent reformulation of the theory incorporates self-efficacy expectancy as a fourth mediating cognitive process. To test the…

Stanley, Melinda A.

446

The Psychometric Properties of the Difficult Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale  

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The study was designed to estimate the psychometric properties of Hastings and Brown's (2002a) Difficult Behavior Self-efficacy Scale. Participants were two samples of physical educators teaching in Korea (n = 229) and the United States (U.S.; n = 139). An initial translation of the questionnaire to Korean and pilot study were conducted along with…

Oh, Hyun-Kyoung; Kozub, Francis M.

2010-01-01

447

Identity Styles and Academic Achievement: Mediating Role of Academic Self-Efficacy  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between identity styles and academic achievement. Four-hundred high school students (200 male, 200 female) who were selected through cluster random sampling, completed the Revised Identity Styles Inventory (ISI, 6G) and Morgan-Jink Student Efficacy…

Hejazi, Elaheh; Shahraray, Mehrnaz; Farsinejad, Masomeh; Asgary, Ali

2009-01-01

448

Emotional Intelligence and Teacher Self Efficacy: The Contribution of Teacher Status and Length of Experience  

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Practicing teachers and principals in selected Government schools in Victoria provided data on their levels of emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy beliefs. The data supported the theoretical expectation of a linkage between emotional intelligence and teacher self efficacy. Regression analyses showed that neither gender nor age moderated…

Penrose, Andrea; Perry, Chris; Ball, Ian

2007-01-01

449

Improving Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Self-Efficacy through a Teaching Intervention for University Students  

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Emotional intelligence continues to receive a substantial amount of attention from researchers who argue that it is an important predictor of health, wellbeing and in particular, work-related outcomes. Emotional self-efficacy, which is concerned with beliefs in one's emotional functioning capabilities, has recently been shown to be important in…

Pool, Lorraine Dacre; Qualter, Pamela

2012-01-01

450

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Teachers' Emotional Intelligence and Their Self-Efficacy in Language Institutes  

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The study reported in this paper was conducted to examine the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers' emotional intelligence and their self-efficacy in Language Institutes. To this end, 89 EFL teachers were selected from different Language Institutes in Mashhad, a city in north-east of Iran. The participants were asked to complete the…

Moafian, Fatemeh; Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh

2009-01-01

451

The Relationship between Bullying, Victimization, Trait Emotional Intelligence, Self-Efficacy and Empathy among Preadolescents  

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The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between bullying, victimization and a number of social-emotional variables such as trait emotional intelligence, empathy and self-efficacy in 206 elementary school 6th graders in Greece. Results indicated that boys reported significantly more direct and indirect bullying behaviors…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Kipritsi, Eirini

2012-01-01

452

Constructivism and Career Decision Self-Efficacy for Asian Americans and African Americans  

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Career development that adequately addresses the needs of multicultural students is important. The authors explored whether a constructivist career course might be a viable mechanism for improving career decision self-efficacy for 81 Asian American and African American college students. Results indicated significant increases in all 5 elements of…

Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Ganuza, Zoila M.

2011-01-01

453

Elementary EFL Teachers' Computer Phobia and Computer Self-Efficacy in Taiwan  

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The advent and application of computer and information technology has increased the overall success of EFL teaching; however, such success is hard to assess, and teachers prone to computer avoidance face negative consequences. Two major obstacles are high computer phobia and low computer self-efficacy. However, little research has been carried out…

Chen, Kate Tzuching

2012-01-01

454

Confidence: A Better Predictor of Academic Achievement than Self-Efficacy, Self-Concept and Anxiety?  

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In this paper we report the results from a study that assessed confidence together with scales measuring self-belief--i.e., self-efficacy, different kinds of self-concepts, and anxiety--among the 15-year old students from Singapore. A distinct confidence factor was identified in the domains of mathematics (N = 1940) and English (N = 1786). Our…

Stankov, Lazar; Lee, Jihyun; Luo, Wenshu; Hogan, David J.

2012-01-01

455

Understanding the Influence of Perceived Usability and Technology Self-Efficacy on Teachers' Technology Acceptance  

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The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) represents how users come to accept and use a given technology and can be applied to teachers' use of educational technologies. Here the model is extended to incorporate teachers' perceived usability and self-efficacy measures toward the technologies they are currently using. The authors administered a survey…

Holden, Heather; Rada, Roy

2011-01-01

456

The Jigsaw Technique and Self-Efficacy of Vocational Training Students: A Practice Report  

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Can teenagers' self-efficacy be improved in a short time? Previous research has shown the positive effect of cooperative learning methods, including "jigsaw classrooms" (Aronson and Patnoe, 1997), on various outcomes (e.g., the liking of school, self-esteem, and reduction of prejudices). The present practice report investigated the effects of…

Darnon, Celine; Buchs, Celine; Desbar, Delphine

2012-01-01

457

Academic underachievement, self-esteem and self-efficacy in decision making  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles, self-esteem and self-beliefs about decision- making ability and the differences linked to academic performance. A sample of 100 students split into two groups aged 15-16 years and 17-18 years participated in the study. All subjects compiled the Multidimensional Self-esteem Test (T.M.A. – Bracken, 1993 for the evaluation of academic success and competence of environmental control and How I Make my Choices (H.M.C. – Filippello et al., 2011, a structured interview, specifically designed to measure decision-making styles in two different contexts (school context vs. social context and decision-making self-efficacy (Low vs. High Self-efficacy in making decisions.The exploratory factor analysis reflects the theorized construction. Age and gender differences were found. Furthermore, as expected, low academic performance was associated with lower self-esteem, lower decision-making self-efficacy and more dysfunctional decision-making styles. Students with a high  academic performance, instead, showed higher self-esteem, higher decision-making self-efficacy and more functional decision-making styles.Data encourages the use of H.M.C., not only in the research of personality but also for educational and counseling purposes.

Pina Filippello

2014-01-01

458

Taiwan College Students' Self-Efficacy and Motivation of Learning in Online Peer Assessment Environments  

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Online peer assessment is an innovative evaluation method that has caught both educators' and practitioners' attention in recent years. The purpose of this study was to develop relevant questionnaires for teachers to understand student self-efficacy and motivation in online peer assessment learning environments. A total of 205 college students…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

459

A Scale to Measure Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Deaf-Blindness Education  

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Introduction: The Teacher Efficacy in Deafblindness Education Scale (TEDE) was developed to expand the construct of self-efficacy to teach children with deaf-blindness. Methods: Eighty-seven special educators in the United States were asked to rate their confidence to perform a variety of tasks that are associated with teaching children who are…

Hartmann, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

460

Examining the relationship between elementary teachers' science self-efficacy and science content knowledge  

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Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) education is currently commanding an ever-greater share of our national dialogue about education. Very few STEM initiatives focus on studies involving in-service teachers; most education research involves preservice teacher candidates. This researcher used a 54 question survey to examine in-service elementary teachers' science content knowledge and self-efficacy constructs. The instrument combines Enochs and Riggs' (1990) Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (STEBI) with the researcher's content knowledge instrument created from a northwest Florida school district's science textbook series. The researcher's instrument was created to access participants' science content knowledge so the results can be compared to science self-efficacy results from the STEBI. The results of this study show there is a statistically significant relationship between the teachers' science self-efficacy and science content knowledge. The researcher concluded that in order to increase in-service teachers' science self-efficacy, district and school personnel need to increase opportunities for teachers to improve their science content knowledge.

Wimsatt, Mary Jo

461

Relationships among Preservice Science Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs, Epistemological World Views, and Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

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This study discusses preservice elementary science teachers' (PSTs) epistemological beliefs and the relationships among their epistemological beliefs, epistemological world views, and self-efficacy beliefs. Four hundred and twenty-nine PSTs who were enrolled in five large universities completed the Schommer Epistemological Questionnaire (SEQ), the…

Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul; Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2008-01-01

462

Rubric-Referenced Self-Assessment and Self-Efficacy for Writing  

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The authors investigated the relation between long- and short-term rubric use (including self-assessment), gender, and self-efficacy for writing by elementary and middle school students (N = 268). They measured long-term rubric use with a questionnaire. They manipulated short-term rubric use by a treatment that involved reviewing a model and using…

Andrade, Heidi L.; Wang, Xiaolei; Du, Ying; Akawi, Robin L.

2009-01-01

463

Self-Efficacy, Goal Orientations and Learning Strategies as Mediators between Preceding and Subsequent Academic Achievement  

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High school grade point average (HSGPA), self-efficacy, goal orientations, learning strategies, and examination grade were measured in a sample of Norwegian undergraduate psychology students in order to investigate motives and strategies as mediators between preceding and subsequent academic achievement. Correlation analysis showed strong…

Diseth, Age

2011-01-01

464

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants Teaching Self-Efficacy  

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The graduate experience is a critical time for development of academic faculty, but often there is little preparation for teaching during the graduate career. Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor's belief in his or her ability to teach students in a specific context, can help to predict teaching behavior and student achievement, and can be used…

DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Enochs, Larry G.; Needham, Mark

2012-01-01

465

Exploring Teacher Self-Efficacy for Inclusive Practices in Three Diverse Countries  

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The purpose of this study was to explain teachers' perceived efficacy for teaching in inclusive classrooms by using a sample of 1911 in-service teachers from China, Finland, and South Africa. Bandura's theory of self-efficacy was used as a starting point to develop distinct models for each country. We found that in all countries, experience in…

Malinen, Olli-Pekka; Savolainen, Hannu; Engelbrecht, Petra; Xu, Jiacheng; Nel, Mirna; Nel, Norma; Tlale, Dan

2013-01-01

466

Relationship between Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Emotions of Future Teachers of Physics in Secondary Education  

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The self-efficacy beliefs of prospective teachers of secondary education in their physics classes are analysed, observing their perceived ability to successfully teach their students and to relate to the emotions they foresee in their future physics classes. To this end, a questionnaire was designed inquiring into the possible emotions they might…

Borrachero, Ana Belen; Brigido, Maria; Costillo, Emilio; Bermejo, M. Luisa; Melado, Vicente

2013-01-01

467

Self-efficacy and self-care behavior of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross sectional survey.  

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This study investigated the association between self-efficacy and self-care behavior to determine the degree of self-efficacy and to examine differences in self-efficacy according to patient variables, including state of health, of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes. The sample comprised 388 patients (respondents). We collected the data from December 2010 to February 2011. We found a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and self-care behavior (r(s) = 0.481, P care behavior. Individualized nursing interventions based on self-efficacy theory should be utilized in high risk diabetic patients so as to assist and improve self-care behavior. PMID:22288688

Sharoni, Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad; Wu, Shu-Fang Vivienne

2012-03-01

468

The Effect Of Secondary School Teachers’ Preparation Program On The Pre-service Teachers’ Self-efficacy Beliefs  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate effect of secondary school mathematics teachers’ preparation program on the pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy. In this sense, self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics scale developed by Umay (2001 were administered to 108 freshmen, junior and senior pre-service teachers enrolled in secondary school mathematics teachers’ education program at Karadeniz Technical University. Result revealed that junior pre-service teachers taking only mathematical content knowledge have higher self-efficacy beliefs than freshmen and senior pre-service teachers. Moreover, there is no significant difference between freshmen pre-service mathematics teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and senior pre-service mathematics’ self-efficacy beliefs.

Fatih Karaku?

2010-12-01

469

The Relationship Between Reading Self-efficacy Beliefs, Reading Strategy Use and Reading Comprehension Level of Iranian EFL Learners  

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Full Text Available This co-relational study explored the relationship between reading self-efficacy beliefs, reading strategies use and reading comprehension level of Iranian EFL learners. In this study, Michigan reading comprehension test, a self-reported Reading Strategy Use Questionnaire, and a Reading Self-efficacy Questionnaire were administered to eighty Junior and Senior EFL students. The results of Spearman Correlation coefficient, descriptive statistics, and Canonical correlation indicated that a there were significant strong positive correlation between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading comprehension and also between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading strategies use, b the most frequent use of reading strategy was found to be cognitive strategy, followed by testing strategy, meta-cognitive strategy, and finally compensatory strategy, c regarding the gender, the relationship between Reading Self-efficacy and Reading Strategies used by Iranian EFL senior and junior  students  made no difference.

Mahdieh Naseri

2012-04-01

470

Practicing biology: Undergraduate laboratory research, persistence in science, and the impact of self-efficacy beliefs  

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As undergraduate laboratory research internships become more popular and universities devote considerable resources towards promoting them, it is important to clarify what students specifically gain through involvement in these experiences and it is important to understand their impact on the science pipeline. By examining recent findings describing the primary benefits of undergraduate research participation, along with self-efficacy theory, this study aims to provide more explanatory power to the anecdotal and descriptive accounts regarding the relationship between undergraduate research experiences and interest in continuing in science. Furthermore, this study characterizes practices that foster students' confidence in doing scientific work with detailed description and analysis of the interactions of researchers in a laboratory. Phase 1 of the study, a survey of undergraduate biology majors (n=71) at a major research university, investigates the relationships among participation in biology laboratory research internships, biology laboratory self-efficacy strength, and interest in persisting in science. Phase 2 of the study, a two-year investigation of a university biology research laboratory, investigates how scientific communities of practice develop self-efficacy beliefs. The findings suggest that participation in lab internships results in increased interest in continuing in life science/biology graduate school and careers. They also suggest that a significant proportion of that interest is related to the students' biology laboratory self-efficacy. The findings of this study point to two primary ways that undergraduate research participation might work to raise self-efficacy strength. First, university research laboratory communities can provide students with a variety of resources that scaffold them into biology laboratory mastery experiences. Second, university research laboratory communities can provide students with coping and mastery Discourse models and mentors, offering them access to and practice with the social norms of an epistemic community. This study begins to integrate what is currently known regarding student motivation through research experience, traditionally studied by program evaluations, with social learning theories. Given the role strong self-efficacy beliefs play in motivating students, understanding the kinds of social interactions that develop science self-efficacy could provide important policy guidelines for primary investigators who