WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Effectiveness of cultural immersion and culture classes for enhancing nursing students' transcultural self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

With diversity increasing in the United States, educators are struggling to find the most effective methods to prepare nursing students to care for diverse populations. This study's purpose was to determine the impact of immersion experiences and cultural classes on nursing students' transcultural competence. A pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design was used. Nursing students completing a 2-week to 3-week immersion experience (n = 14) completed the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool online 1 week prior to and immediately following an immersion experience. The control group (n = 25), who were students not participating in an immersion experience, completed the instrument during the same time frame. Students who participated in an immersion experience had significantly higher posttest transcultural self-efficacy scores (p < 0.001). Compared with the control group, the students in the immersion group had significantly higher change scores (p < 0.001). In addition, the number of culture classes completed was not correlated with transcultural self-efficacy scores. Recommendations included encouraging student participation in immersion experiences to enhance transcultural competence. PMID:21323246

Larsen, Rachelle; Reif, LuAnn

2011-06-01

2

The Influence of International Service-Learning on Transcultural Self-Efficacy in Baccalaureate Nursing Graduates and Their Subsequent Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explain how participation in an international service-learning project during a community health course influenced transcultural self-efficacy of baccalaureate nursing graduates following graduation and their subsequent clinical practice. A qualitative, explanatory case study was used to conduct telephone…

Amerson, Roxanne

2012-01-01

3

Development and Validation of Scores on a Computer Programming Self-Efficacy Scale and Group Analyses of Novice Programmer Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 32-item self-efficacy scale for computer programming was developed, primed to the C++ programming language. The scale was administered to 421 students at the beginning and end of an introductory course in C++ programming. There was growth in self-efficacy between two administrations of the scale 12 weeks apart, particularly for students who…

Ramalingam, Vennila; Wiedenbeck, Susan

1998-01-01

4

Adaptación transcultural de la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino / Cross cultural adaptation of condom uses self-efficacy scale  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo principal: adaptar culturalmente la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino, determinando su fiabilidad y validez para la investigación en el contexto cubano. Metodología: diseño transversal con metodología exploratoria en una muestra de 38 estudiantes de enfermería en [...] tre 17 y 42 años de edad. Resultados: el Alpha Cronbach para la escala total fue de 0,78 y el Índice de Correlación Interclase fue de 0,73. Conclusiones: la escala es confiable y válida para medir el uso del condón masculino en el contexto cubano. Abstract in english Objective: The purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate a Spanish version of the Condom Uses Self Efficacy Scale, and to determine its reliability and validity for use in cross-cultural research among Cuban populations. Methods: A cross- sectional design an exploratory survey methodology was used i [...] n 38 nursing students between 17 and 41 years old. Results: The Alpha Coefficient for the total scale was 0,78. The interclass correlation coefficient to measure scale's stability over time was 0,73 (test-retest two weeks). Conclusions: Findings support that Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale is a reliable and valid scale in measuring condom self-efficacy among Cuban persons.

Abdul, Hernández Cortina; Miladis, López Rebolledo.

5

Adaptación transcultural de la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino Cross cultural adaptation of condom uses self-efficacy scale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo principal: adaptar culturalmente la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino, determinando su fiabilidad y validez para la investigación en el contexto cubano. Metodología: diseño transversal con metodología exploratoria en una muestra de 38 estudiantes de enfermería entre 17 y 42 años de edad. Resultados: el Alpha Cronbach para la escala total fue de 0,78 y el Índice de Correlación Interclase fue de 0,73. Conclusiones: la escala es confiable y válida para medir el uso del condón masculino en el contexto cubano.Objective: The purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate a Spanish version of the Condom Uses Self Efficacy Scale, and to determine its reliability and validity for use in cross-cultural research among Cuban populations. Methods: A cross- sectional design an exploratory survey methodology was used in 38 nursing students between 17 and 41 years old. Results: The Alpha Coefficient for the total scale was 0,78. The interclass correlation coefficient to measure scale's stability over time was 0,73 (test-retest two weeks. Conclusions: Findings support that Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale is a reliable and valid scale in measuring condom self-efficacy among Cuban persons.

Abdul Hernández Cortina

2011-09-01

6

Adaptación transcultural de la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino / Cross cultural adaptation of condom uses self-efficacy scale  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo principal: adaptar culturalmente la escala para medir autoeficacia en el uso del condón masculino, determinando su fiabilidad y validez para la investigación en el contexto cubano. Metodología: diseño transversal con metodología exploratoria en una muestra de 38 estudiantes de enfermería en [...] tre 17 y 42 años de edad. Resultados: el Alpha Cronbach para la escala total fue de 0,78 y el Índice de Correlación Interclase fue de 0,73. Conclusiones: la escala es confiable y válida para medir el uso del condón masculino en el contexto cubano. Abstract in english Objective: The purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate a Spanish version of the Condom Uses Self Efficacy Scale, and to determine its reliability and validity for use in cross-cultural research among Cuban populations. Methods: A cross- sectional design an exploratory survey methodology was used i [...] n 38 nursing students between 17 and 41 years old. Results: The Alpha Coefficient for the total scale was 0,78. The interclass correlation coefficient to measure scale's stability over time was 0,73 (test-retest two weeks). Conclusions: Findings support that Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale is a reliable and valid scale in measuring condom self-efficacy among Cuban persons.

Abdul, Hernández Cortina; Miladis, López Rebolledo.

2011-09-01

7

Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a comprehensive summary of the topic written by one of its pioneers. The site provides a definition of self-efficacy, characteristics of efficacious people, and a description of how self-efficacy can be developed or undermined. The author describes self-efficacy in social, family and school settings and in various stages of life. There is also a short bibliography.

Bandura, Albert; University, Stanford

8

Transcultural adaptation and testing psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS).  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was performed to translate and transculturally adapt the English version of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) into a Korean version, and to test psychometric properties of the Korean FAOS in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and dimensionality. Translation and transcultural adaptation of FAOS into a Korean version was performed according to internationally recommended guidelines. Internal consistency (N = 294) and test-retest reliability (N = 21) were evaluated. Convergent validity was analyzed using correlation with pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score. All subscales, except for the quality of life (Q) subscale (Cronbach's alpha, 0.615), showed satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha?> 0.7). Cronbach's alpha of function in daily living (ADL) was highest (0.962), which might represent the redundancy of the items. All five subscales showed satisfactory reliability with ADL subscale showing the highest ICC (intraclass correlation coefficient; 0.851) and Q subscale the lowest ICC (0.718). Pain VAS score showed the highest correlation with pain (P) subscale of FAOS (r = 0.675, p FAOS into the Korean language was performed successfully. The items were understandable, and the subscales showed satisfactory test-retest reliability. Some minor revision might be needed to enhance the internal consistency of Q subscale and reduce the redundancy of ADL subscale. PMID:23703359

Lee, Kyoung Min; Chung, Chin Youb; Kwon, Soon Sun; Sung, Ki Hyuk; Lee, Seung Yeol; Won, Sung Hun; Lee, Damian J; Lee, Seoryong C; Park, Moon Seok

2013-10-01

9

Tradução e adaptação transcultural do "Harris Hip Score modificado por Byrd" Translation and transcultural adaptation of the modified Harris Hip Score  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: As artroscopias do quadril têm sido utilizadas tanto para fins diagnósticos, como para fins terapêuticos, fazendo parte do arsenal rotineiro dos cirurgiões do quadril. Devido a necessidade de avaliação dos resultados artroscópicos, Byrd propôs a modificação do "Harris Hip Score", realizando a avaliação da dor e função. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o protocolo de avaliação do "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd, utilizado nas artroscopias do quadril. MÉTODO: O método utilizado constituiu em: 1 tradução inicial, 2 retrotradução, 3 pré - teste e 4 teste definitivo. RESULTADOS: A versão em português foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecções do quadril para verificar o nível de compreensão do protocolo. Foram realizadas mudanças e substituições de termos e expressões que não foram entendidas pelos pacientes durante o pré-teste e realizada a versão final em consenso. Novamente a versão final do questionário foi aplicada com 100% de entendimento pelos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: disponibiliza-se assim a versão final em português do questionário "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd. A validação desta versão já está em desenvolvimento.OBJECTIVE: Hip arthroscopy has been used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, and it is part of the daily arsenal of hip surgeons. Due to the need for arthroscopic evaluation of the results, Byrd proposed a modification of the Harris Hip Score by assessing pain and function. This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the evaluation protocol of the modified Harris Hip Score used in hip arthroscopies. METHOD: The method used consisted of: 1 an initial translation, 2 a back translation, 3 a pre-test and 4 a final test. RESULTS: The Portuguese version was used with 30 patients with hip disorders to determine the level of comprehension of the protocol. Expressions which were not understood by patients during the pre-test were modified or replaced, and the final version was obtained by consensus. The final version of the questionnaire was used once again, with 100% understanding by patients. CONCLUSION: Thus we arrived at the final Portuguese version of the modified Harris Hip Score questionnaire. Verification of the validity of this version is already in progress.

Rodrigo Pereira Guimarães

2010-01-01

10

Tradução e adaptação transcultural do "Harris Hip Score modificado por Byrd" / Translation and transcultural adaptation of the modified Harris Hip Score  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: As artroscopias do quadril têm sido utilizadas tanto para fins diagnósticos, como para fins terapêuticos, fazendo parte do arsenal rotineiro dos cirurgiões do quadril. Devido a necessidade de avaliação dos resultados artroscópicos, Byrd propôs a modificação do "Harris Hip Score", realizand [...] o a avaliação da dor e função. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o protocolo de avaliação do "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd, utilizado nas artroscopias do quadril. MÉTODO: O método utilizado constituiu em: 1) tradução inicial, 2) retrotradução, 3) pré - teste e 4) teste definitivo. RESULTADOS: A versão em português foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecções do quadril para verificar o nível de compreensão do protocolo. Foram realizadas mudanças e substituições de termos e expressões que não foram entendidas pelos pacientes durante o pré-teste e realizada a versão final em consenso. Novamente a versão final do questionário foi aplicada com 100% de entendimento pelos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: disponibiliza-se assim a versão final em português do questionário "Harris Hip Score" modificado por Byrd. A validação desta versão já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Hip arthroscopy has been used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, and it is part of the daily arsenal of hip surgeons. Due to the need for arthroscopic evaluation of the results, Byrd proposed a modification of the Harris Hip Score by assessing pain and function. This study ai [...] med to translate and cross-culturally adapt the evaluation protocol of the modified Harris Hip Score used in hip arthroscopies. METHOD: The method used consisted of: 1) an initial translation, 2) a back translation, 3) a pre-test and 4) a final test. RESULTS: The Portuguese version was used with 30 patients with hip disorders to determine the level of comprehension of the protocol. Expressions which were not understood by patients during the pre-test were modified or replaced, and the final version was obtained by consensus. The final version of the questionnaire was used once again, with 100% understanding by patients. CONCLUSION: Thus we arrived at the final Portuguese version of the modified Harris Hip Score questionnaire. Verification of the validity of this version is already in progress.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Thiago Leonardi, Azuaga; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Lucia Emi, Ueno; Nilza Aparecida Almeida De, Carvalho.

11

The Relationship among Computer Self-Efficacy Scores, Demographic Characteristics, and Grades in Computer Courses of Students at the School of Physical Education and Sports  

Science.gov (United States)

Computers have become a part of every area of human life, and are often used in the field of education. Becoming self-confident with regard to computer use can therefore make individuals' lives particularly the lives of university students substantially easier. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the computer self-efficacy belief (CSEB)…

Colak, Serap

2013-01-01

12

Nursing Activities Score (NAS: adaptación transcultural y validación para el portugués Nursing Activities Score (NAS: adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivos adaptar para o português e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Nursing Activities Score (NAS, instrumento de medida de carga de trabalho de enfermagem em UTI. Após o processo de adaptação cultural, o NAS foi aplicado em uma amostra de 200 pacientes adultos internados em UTIs. A análise da consistência interna pelo coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach revelou que o NAS possui 23 medidas independentes que não comportam consolidação ou redução. A avaliação da confiabilidade interobservadores demonstrou alta concordância (99,8% e índice Kappa médio de 0,99. A validade concorrente foi demonstrada pela correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o TISS-28 e o NAS (r=0,67; pEl estudio tuvo como objetivos adaptar al portugués y evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de el Nursing Activities Score (NAS, un instrumento para medir la carga de trabajo de enfermería en UCI. Tras el proceso de adaptación cultural, el NAS se aplicó a una muestra de 200 pacientes adultos ingresados en las UCIs. El análisis de consistencia interna por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach reveló que el NAS cuenta con 23 medidas independientes que no permiten consolidación o reducción. La evaluación de la fiabilidad interobservador mostró alta concordancia (99,8% y el índice Kappa media de 0,99. La validez concurrente se demostró por la correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el TISS-28 y NAS (r=0,67, pThe study aimed to adapt to the Portuguese language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS, an instrument for measuring the nursing workload in ICUs. After the process of cross-cultural adaptation, the NAS was applied to a sample of 200 adult ICU patients. The analysis of internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient revealed that the NAS has 23 independent measures that do not allow for either consolidation or reduction. Assessment of inter-rater reliability showed high concordance level (99.8% and a Kappa index average of 0.99. The concurrent validity was demonstrated by statistically significant correlation between the TISS-28 and NAS (r=0.67, p<0.0001, and by multivariate regression analysis (R²=94.4%, p<0.0001. The convergent validity was supported by the statistically significant association between the NAS and the SAPS II, when adjusted for age (R²=99.8%, p<0.0001. These results indicate that the NAS is a valid and reliable instrument to measure nursing workload of Brazilian ICUs.

Alda Ferreira Queijo

2009-12-01

13

/ Nursing Activities Score (NAS): adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa / Nursing Activities Score (NAS): adaptación transcultural y validación para el portugués  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo teve como objetivos adaptar para o português e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Nursing Activities Score (NAS), instrumento de medida de carga de trabalho de enfermagem em UTI. Após o processo de adaptação cultural, o NAS foi aplicado em uma amostra de 200 pacientes adultos internad [...] os em UTIs. A análise da consistência interna pelo coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach revelou que o NAS possui 23 medidas independentes que não comportam consolidação ou redução. A avaliação da confiabilidade interobservadores demonstrou alta concordância (99,8%) e índice Kappa médio de 0,99. A validade concorrente foi demonstrada pela correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o TISS-28 e o NAS (r=0,67; p Abstract in spanish El estudio tuvo como objetivos adaptar al portugués y evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de el Nursing Activities Score (NAS), un instrumento para medir la carga de trabajo de enfermería en UCI. Tras el proceso de adaptación cultural, el NAS se aplicó a una muestra de 200 pacientes adultos ingres [...] ados en las UCIs. El análisis de consistencia interna por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach reveló que el NAS cuenta con 23 medidas independientes que no permiten consolidación o reducción. La evaluación de la fiabilidad interobservador mostró alta concordancia (99,8%) y el índice Kappa media de 0,99. La validez concurrente se demostró por la correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el TISS-28 y NAS (r=0,67, p Abstract in english The study aimed to adapt to the Portuguese language and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS), an instrument for measuring the nursing workload in ICUs. After the process of cross-cultural adaptation, the NAS was applied to a sample of 200 adult ICU patients. [...] The analysis of internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient revealed that the NAS has 23 independent measures that do not allow for either consolidation or reduction. Assessment of inter-rater reliability showed high concordance level (99.8%) and a Kappa index average of 0.99. The concurrent validity was demonstrated by statistically significant correlation between the TISS-28 and NAS (r=0.67, p

Alda Ferreira, Queijo; Kátia Grillo, Padilha.

14

Leadership, self-efficacy, and student achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships between teacher leadership, science teacher self-efficacy, and fifth-grade science student achievement in diverse schools in a San Antonio, Texas, metropolitan school district. Teachers completed a modified version of the Leadership Behavior Description Question (LBDQ) Form XII by Stogdill (1969), the Science Efficacy and Belief Expectations for Science Teaching (SEBEST) by Ritter, Boone, and Rubba (2001, January). Students' scores on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) measured fifth-grade science achievement. At the teacher level of analysis multiple regressions showed the following relationships between teachers' science self-efficacy and teacher classroom leadership behaviors and the various teacher and school demographic variables. Predictors of teacher self efficacy beliefs included teacher's level of education, gender, and leadership initiating structure. The only significant predictor of teacher self-efficacy outcome expectancy was gender. Higher teacher self-efficacy beliefs predicted higher leadership initiating structure. At the school level of analysis, higher school levels of percentage of students from low socio-economic backgrounds and higher percentage of limited English proficient students predicted lower school student mean science achievement. These findings suggest a need for continued research to clarify relationships between teacher classroom leadership, science teacher self-efficacy, and student achievement especially at the teacher level of analysis. Findings also indicate the importance of developing instructional methods to address student demographics and their needs so that all students, despite their backgrounds, will achieve in science.

Grayson, Kristin

15

Middle school science teachers' teaching self-efficacy and students' science self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Project 2061, initiated by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), developed recommendations for what is essential in education to produce scientifically literate citizens. Furthermore, they suggest that teachers teach effectively. There is an abundance of literature that focuses on the effects of a teacher's science teaching self-efficacy and a student's science self-efficacy. However, there is no literature on the relationship between the two self-efficacies. This study investigated if there is a differential change in students' science self-efficacy over an academic term after instruction from a teacher with high science teaching self-efficacy. Quantitative analysis of STEBI scores for teachers showed that mean STEBI scores did not change over one academic term. A t test indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in mean SMTSL scores for students' science self-efficacy over the course of one academic term for a) the entire sample, b) each science class, and c) each grade level. In addition, ANOVA indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in mean gain factor of students rated as low, medium, and high on science self-efficacy as measured by the SMTSL, when students received instruction from a teacher with a high science teaching self-efficacy value as measured by the STEBI. Finally, there was no statistically significant association between the pre- and post-instructional rankings of SMTSL by grade level when students received instruction from a teacher with a high science teaching self-efficacy value as measured by the STEBI. This is the first study of its kind. Studies indicated that teaching strategies typically practiced by teachers with high science teaching were beneficial to physics self-efficacy (Fencl & Scheel, 2005). Although it was unsuccessful at determining whether or not a teacher with high science teaching self-efficacy has a differential affect on students' science self-efficacy, it is worth repeating on a more diverse sample of teacher and students over a longer period of time.

Pisa, Danielle

16

Measuring Pain Self-efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: It is likely that people with chronic pain who have low self-efficacy have a worse prognosis. A standard, high-quality measure of self-efficacy in such populations would improve evidence, by allowing meaningful comparisons amongst subgroups and between treatments, and by facilitating pooling across studies in systematic reviews. OBJECTIVES: To identify self-administered pain-related self-efficacy measures used in people with chronic pain and to evaluate the clinimetric evidence of...

Miles, Clare L.; Pincus, Tamar; Carnes, Dawn; Taylor, Stephanie J. C.; Underwood, Martin

2011-01-01

17

Freshmen's use of library electronic resources and self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To encourage students use of the library, and in particular of its electronic resources, we need to understand what factors encourage students to seek out information in the library setting. Research has shown that self-efficacy influences academic achievement. This paper looks at the role self-efficacy plays in their search for information and use of the library's electronic resources, by surveying a class of freshmen at Baruch College. Their library and computer use were analyzed and correlated with their self-efficacy scores. Through statistical analysis, we found that use of the library correlated to the students' use of the library's electronic resources. We also found out that students who express an interest in learning about the library's electronic resources will be more likely to have higher self-efficacy.

Micaela Waldman

2003-01-01

18

Self efficacy measurement and goal attainment after pulmonary rehabilitation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rachel Garrod, Johanna Marshall, Fiona JonesSchool of Physiotherapy, St George’s, University of London and Kingston University Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, UKBackground: Little is known about self-efficacy in COPD and its role as a mediator of goal attainment after rehabilitation. We hypothesized that higher baseline self efficacy may facilitate goal attainment.Methods: 48 COPD patients completed pulmonary rehabilitation, self-efficacy was measured using the COPD Self Efficacy Scale (CSES. Personal goals were used as self reported outcome. Relationships were evaluated between CSES and St George’s Hospital Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ; depression; using Brief Assessment Schedule Cards (BASDEC, London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale (LCADL and exercise tolerance; using Six-Minute Walking Distance (6MWD and muscle strength.Results: 74 Stable COPD patients, mean FEV1 1.2 (0.6 l, age 68.1 (10.2 years were recruited. 51 patients completed rehabilitation and 48 of those CSES and reported goal attainment. 94 goals were documented. Baseline self efficacy did not differ according to whether goal was achieved or not. Relationships were evident between CSES and SGRQ (r = –0.53, 6MWD (r = 0.36, BASDEC (r = –0.31, LCADL (r = –0.33 (all p ? 0.01, but not FEV1, pack years or muscle strength. There was a significant improvement in CSES scores pre to post rehabilitation, mean difference (95% CI 0. 27 (0.04 to 0.51.Conclusions: Self efficacy, using the CSES, improves with rehabilitation but baseline self efficacy does not appear to influence goal attainment.Keywords: self-efficacy, COPD, pulmonary rehabilitation, goal

Rachel Garrod

2008-11-01

19

Science self-efficacy of African Americans enrolled in freshman level physical science courses in two historically black institutions  

Science.gov (United States)

Science education must be a priority for citizens to function and be productive in a global, technological society. African Americans receive fewer science degrees in proportion to the Caucasian population. The primary purposes of this study were to determine the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American nonscience majors, the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors, the relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, the relationship between gender and science self-efficacy score, and the relationship between science self-efficacy score and course withdrawal. This study utilized a Likert survey instrument. All participants were enrolled in freshman level courses in the physical sciences at a historically black institution: a college or university. Participants completed the pretest survey within two weeks after the 12th class day of the semester. Initially, 458 participants completed the pretest survey. The posttest was administered within two weeks before the final exam. Only 245 participants completed the posttest survey. Results indicate that there is a difference in science self-efficacy of science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, gender and science self-efficacy score, and course withdrawal and science self-efficacy score.

Prihoda, Belinda Ann

20

Examining Elementary Education Pre-Service Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary education pre-service teachers? self-efficacy beliefs by gender, grade level and age. Participants were 163 elementary education pre-service teachers. An instrument titled “Music Education Self-Efficacy Scale” (Afacan, 2008 was used as a means of data collection. Descriptive statistics and t test was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that elementary education pre-service teachers? music education self-efficacy was, in general, moderate. Results revealed that participants? self-efficacy beliefs differ by gender, grade level and age. Women?s self-efficacy beliefs were higher than men. Junior (3rd year students? self-efficacy was higher than sophomores (2nd year. Similarly, self-efficay scores of particiapants with an age of between 22 and 24 was higher than those with an age of between 19–21.

Deniz Beste ÇEV?K

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
21

Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning: A Validation Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties and multigroup measurement invariance of scores on the Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning Scale taken from Bandura's Children's Self-Efficacy Scale were assessed in a sample of 3,760 students from Grades 4 to 11. Latent means differences were also examined by gender and school level. Results reveal a…

Usher, Ellen L.; Pajares, Frank

2008-01-01

22

Evaluating Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Changes among Counselor Educators and Site Supervisors  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of pretest-posttest scores on the Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Instrument (Page & Hulse-Killacky, [Page, B. J., 1999]) following a supervision workshop indicated a significant positive relationship between workshop training and supervisors' feedback self-efficacy in giving corrective feedback. Furthermore, the association…

Motley, Veronica; Reese, Mary Kate; Campos, Peter

2014-01-01

23

Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

24

Enhancing Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy through Vocational Entrepreneurship Education Programmes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to report the results of a longitudinal evaluation of a vocational entrepreneurship education programme (EEP) using entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) measures. An empirical, mixed methods longitudinal and effectuation scale was used to measure ESE scores. Results indicate that participation in the programme had a…

Maritz, Alex; Brown, Chris

2013-01-01

25

Self-Efficacy: Conditioning the Entrepreneurial Mindset  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Research that has sought to identify the underlying determinants of self-efficacy is sparse. This chapter seeks to identify antecedents of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and the processes that produce and reinforce self-efficacy. It seeks to broaden our understanding of the self-efficacy concept through an exploration of its origins and via a journey to its impact in the field of entrepreneurship. Finally, it suggests pedagogical initiatives needed to promote entrepreneurial self-efficacy in the different social arenas of life.

Neergaard, Helle; Mauer, René

2009-01-01

26

Science self-efficacy in tenth grade Hispanic female high school students  

Science.gov (United States)

Historical data have demonstrated an underrepresentation of females and minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions. The purpose of the study considered the variables of gender and ethnicity collectively in relationship to tenth grade Hispanic females' perception of their self-efficacy in science. The correlation of science self-efficacy to science academic achievement was also studied. Possible interventions for use with female Hispanic minority populations might help increase participation in STEM field preparation during the high school career. A population of 272 students was chosen through convenience sampling methods, including 80 Hispanic females. Students were administered a 27-item questionnaire taken directly from the Smist (1993) Science Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ). Three science self-efficacy factors were successfully extracted and included Academic Engagement Self-efficacy (M=42.57), Laboratory Self-efficacy (M=25.44), and Biology Self-efficacy ( M=19.35). Each factor showed a significant positive correlation ( ptwo factors. ANOVA procedures compared all female subgroups in their science self-efficacy perceptions. Asian/Pacific and Native American females had higher self-efficacy mean scores as compared to White, Black and Hispanic females on all three extracted science self-efficacy factors. Asian/Pacific females had the highest mean scores. No statistically significant correlations were found between science-self-efficacy and a measure of science achievement. Two high-ability and two low-ability Hispanic females were randomly chosen to participate in a brief structured interview. Three general themes emerged. Classroom Variables, Outside School Variables, and Personal Variables were subsequently divided into sub themes influenced by participants' views of science. It was concluded that Hispanic female science self-efficacy was among the subgroups which self-scored the lowest. Asian/Pacific and Native American females fared better than White, Black, and Hispanic female counterparts respectively. Triangulation of interview and quantitative data showed that classroom factors, specifically academic engagement, influenced participant perceptions of science self efficacy the greatest. Suggested further studies on the impact of science self-efficacy and science achievement are discussed. Information gleaned from the continued study of science self-efficacy may influence the ability of traditionally underrepresented racial/ethnic females to persist in their science preparation and training in an effort to prevent leaving the STEM pipeline at this crucial juncture.

Miller, Maria Decanio

27

Transracial and Transcultural Adoption  

Science.gov (United States)

... You Can Prepare for a Transracial or Transcultural Adoption Preparation for adoption is important for anyone thinking ... I Find Out More About Transracial or Transcultural Adoption? Child Welfare Information Gateway often receives questions about ...

28

Psychometric properties of the General Self Efficacy-12 Scale in Spanish: General and clinical population samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

The General Self Efficacy Scale (GSES-12) is a short version of the Sherer's Self-Efficacy Scale, and evaluates a general dimension and three aspects of self-efficacy: initiative, persistence and effort. The aim of this study is to explore the factorial structure, reliability, and criterion validity of the Spanish adaptation of the GSES-12 in general and clinical populations. The sample was composed of 714 volunteers (332 from the clinical population). Results of the principal components analysis yielded a 3-factor structure that was later confirmed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Moreover, this study shows good internal consistency and test-retest values, and differences in self-efficacy scores between the clinical and non-clinical groups. The present study demonstrates that the Spanish version of the GSES-12 is a valid and reliable measure, and it adds relevant information to the debate about the dimensional structure of general self-efficacy. PMID:24973225

Herrero, R; Espinoza, M; Molinari, G; Etchemendy, E; Garcia-Palacios, A; Botella, C; Baños, R M

2014-10-01

29

Tradução e adaptação transcultural do instrumento de avaliação do quadril "Harris Hip Score" Translation and cultural adaptation of the Harris Hip Score into portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O Harris Hip Score é instrumento de avaliação específica, desenvolvido originalmente para avaliar os resultados da artroplastia total de quadril. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar culturalmente este instrumento para a língua portuguesa. MÉTODO: O método de tradução e adaptação cultural do Harris Hip Score envolveu quatro etapas: 1 - tradução inicial; 2 - retrotradução; 3 - apreciação das versões com elaboração da versão de consenso; 4 - pré-teste comentado com elaboração da versão final. RESULTADOS: A versão de consenso foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecção do quadril, sendo verificadas dificuldades no entendimento de algumas expressões, as quais foram substituídas por termos de mais fácil entendimento. Na reaplicação do questionário com a nova versão houve entendimento por 100% dos pacientes no que diz respeito ao sentido semântico, idiomático e contextual. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Harris Hip Score permitiu a disponibilização de mais este instrumento para avaliação da qualidade de vida de pacientes com afecções do quadril. Há necessidade de um estudo de avaliação da confiabilidade e validade da versão adaptada culturalmente, a qual já está em desenvolvimento.OBJECTIVE: The Harris Hip Score is a specific evaluation tool, originally developed to assess the results of hip arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Harris Hip Score for the Portuguese language. METHOD: The method of translating and culturally adapting the Harris Hip Score involved four steps: 1 - initial translation, 2 - back-translation, 3 - evaluation of the pre-final versions with the development of a consensus version, 4 - commented pre-test with development of the final version. RESULTS: The consensus version was applied to thirty patients with hip disorders. Some difficulties were identified in understanding some expressions, which were replaced by more commonly-used expressions. When the questionnaire was re-applied, it was understood by 100% of the patients, in relation to the semantic, idiomatic and conceptual meanings. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Harris Hip Score provides another important tool for assessing quality of life of patients with hip disorders. A further study is currently underway to evaluate the reliability and validity of the culturally adapted version.

Rodrigo Pereira Guimarães

2010-01-01

30

Tradução e adaptação transcultural do instrumento de avaliação do quadril "Harris Hip Score" / Translation and cultural adaptation of the Harris Hip Score into portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O Harris Hip Score é instrumento de avaliação específica, desenvolvido originalmente para avaliar os resultados da artroplastia total de quadril. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar culturalmente este instrumento para a língua portuguesa. MÉTODO: O método de tradução e adaptação [...] cultural do Harris Hip Score envolveu quatro etapas: 1 - tradução inicial; 2 - retrotradução; 3 - apreciação das versões com elaboração da versão de consenso; 4 - pré-teste comentado com elaboração da versão final. RESULTADOS: A versão de consenso foi aplicada em 30 pacientes com afecção do quadril, sendo verificadas dificuldades no entendimento de algumas expressões, as quais foram substituídas por termos de mais fácil entendimento. Na reaplicação do questionário com a nova versão houve entendimento por 100% dos pacientes no que diz respeito ao sentido semântico, idiomático e contextual. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Harris Hip Score permitiu a disponibilização de mais este instrumento para avaliação da qualidade de vida de pacientes com afecções do quadril. Há necessidade de um estudo de avaliação da confiabilidade e validade da versão adaptada culturalmente, a qual já está em desenvolvimento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Harris Hip Score is a specific evaluation tool, originally developed to assess the results of hip arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Harris Hip Score for the Portuguese language. METHOD: The method of translating and culturally ad [...] apting the Harris Hip Score involved four steps: 1 - initial translation, 2 - back-translation, 3 - evaluation of the pre-final versions with the development of a consensus version, 4 - commented pre-test with development of the final version. RESULTS: The consensus version was applied to thirty patients with hip disorders. Some difficulties were identified in understanding some expressions, which were replaced by more commonly-used expressions. When the questionnaire was re-applied, it was understood by 100% of the patients, in relation to the semantic, idiomatic and conceptual meanings. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Harris Hip Score provides another important tool for assessing quality of life of patients with hip disorders. A further study is currently underway to evaluate the reliability and validity of the culturally adapted version.

Rodrigo Pereira, Guimarães; Débora Pinheiro Lédio, Alves; Gustavo Bersani, Silva; Simoni Teixeira, Bittar; Nelson Keiske, Ono; Emerson, Honda; Giancarlo Cavalli, Polesello; Walter, Ricioli Junior; Nilza Aparecida Almeida de, Carvalho.

31

Career Development and Self-Efficacy Belief.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the application of self-efficacy beliefs on career development. This theory was introduced by Hackett and Betz (1981) and has received many extensive studies. There are many factors that may influence career self-efficacy such as gender, culture, parental, and family backgrounds. The methods of increasing career…

Sumari, Melati

32

An exploratory study of nursing and medical students health promotion counselling self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy of nursing and medical students for client health promotion counselling was examined in an exploratory study using Bandura's (1977) self-efficacy theoretical perspective. Third-year nursing students (n = 41) and fourth-year medical students (n = 60) were compared on their self-efficacy for engaging in clients health promotion activities within 5 areas: smoking, exercise, nutrition, sexually-transmitted diseases and injuries. Their self-efficacy about their knowledge levels in the same 5 areas of health was also compared along with their perceptions of the relative impact of various curricular learning experiences on building health promotion counselling self efficacy. Self-efficacy scores were high for both groups. Nursing students scored significantly higher on both knowledge and ability to counsel patients in the areas of exercise, nutrition and injury prevention. In both groups, confidence in knowledge for health promotion activities was higher than ability to counsel patients. Learning specific health promotion strategies in class and actual practice were strongly associated with nursing students' self-efficacy while practice, feedback on performance, and role modelling were strongest for medical students. PMID:10693488

Laschinger, H K; Tresolini, C P

1999-07-01

33

Self-efficacy's influence on student academic achievement in the medical anatomy curriculum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is defined as a person's beliefs in his or her own abilities to successfully complete a task and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic behaviors. More specifically, anatomical self-efficacy is defined as an individual's judgment of his or her ability to successfully complete tasks related to the anatomy curriculum; these include dissecting, learning anatomical concepts, and applying anatomical knowledge to clinical situations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of anatomical self-efficacy on the academic performance of students enrolled in a medical gross anatomy course. To obtain students' anatomical self-efficacy ratings, surveys containing the same anatomical self-efficacy instrument were completed by first-year medical students at a southeastern United States allopathic medical school after each of four gross anatomy assessments. Additional data collected included student demographic information, Medical College Admission Test(®) (MCAT(®)) scores, and anatomy assessment scores, both written examination and laboratory practical. To investigate the potential predictive nature of self-efficacy for academic performance on both the written examination and the laboratory practical components of medical anatomy assessments, hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted. For these analyses, academic ability (defined as the sum of the physical sciences and biological sciences MCAT scores) was controlled. The results of the hierarchical linear regressions indicated that all four laboratory practical scores were predicted by the corresponding self-efficacy ratings, while two (i.e., thorax/abdomen and pelvis/lower limb) of the four written examination scores were predicted by the corresponding self-efficacy ratings (P ? 0.05). PMID:22653759

Burgoon, Jennifer Marie; Meece, Judith L; Granger, Noelle A

2012-01-01

34

Self-Efficacy and Critical Thinking Dispositions as Predictors of Success in School Practicum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A growing body of literature supports the relation between students’ sense of self-efficacy and their academic performance. Similarly, there are studies indicating a relationship between critical thinking dispositions and academic performance. The purpose of the present study is to examine in what degree the teacher candidates’ sense of self-efficacy and critical thinking dispositions predict their success in school practicum course. A total of 104 subjects (23 male, 81 female participated in the study. Data related to teacher candidates’ sense self-efficacy was collected using Teachers’ Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (Çapa, Çak?ro?lu & Sar?kaya, 2005. Teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions were collected using the Turkish version of California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI which was adapted into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003. As for the success in school practicum course, teacher candidates’ grades awarded by their school practicum supervisors were used. Statistically significant correlation was found between the self-efficacy and critical dispositions scores, and between critical thinking disposition scores and school practicum grades of the participants. The results of the regression analysis showed that teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions scores predict their success in school practicum course. However, contrary to the expectations, their senses of self-efficacy scores do not predict their success in the same course.

Gülru Yüksel

2012-04-01

35

Interprofessional clinical training improves self-efficacy of health care students  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: Interprofessional collaboration potentially enhances patient safety and satisfaction, and reduces tensions and conflicts among health professionals. However, health professionals often lack sufficient knowledge of other professional roles and competences to engage in interprofessional teamwork. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an interprofessional training programme on students' perceived self-efficacy. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with an intervention group (239 students) and a control group (405 students). The intervention was an interprofessional clinical study (ICS) unit including students from nursing, medicine, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, laboratory technology and radiography. Data on students' perceived self-efficacy were collected through web-based questionnaires. Aspects of self-efficacy measured were: (1) collaboration with other professions in planning goals and actions for patients; (2) collaboration with other professions for rehabilitation; (3) identifying the functions of other professions and (4) assessing and describing patients' needs and problems. Results: All scores of perceived self-efficacy for the ICS group improved over time although one score change was non-significant (p?=?0.08). After adjustment for baseline differences and the score change for the control group, the ICS group's self-efficacy score gain remained statistically significant. Conclusion: The study showed that interprofessional training improved students' perception of self-efficacy more than traditional clinical training.

NØrgaard, Birgitte; Draborg, Eva

2013-01-01

36

Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Pre-Service Primary Teachers on Physical Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the self-efficacy perception of the pre-service teachers towards Physical Education. Subjects are 423 student teachers from four Educational Faculties in Artvin, Rize, Trabzon and Giresun. Data were gathered via “The Scale of Physical Education Self Efficacy Perception” which was developed by the researchers. The scale developed in three parts as theoretical knowledge, practice skills and formation skills. The scale was applied to the student teachers who had completed Physical Education courses in their faculty programs. Findings indicated that male student teachers had higher self-efficacy perception scores toward Physical Education than female student teachers in terms of theoretical knowledge and practice skills dimensions. Also, the students teachers who had get the Physical Education Courses in sport facilities had higher self-efficacy perception scores toward Physical Education than the student teachers who hadn?t get this course in sport facilities.

Cengiz BAYRAKTAR

2009-08-01

37

An Analysis on the Effect of Computer Self-Efficacy over Scientific Research Self-Efficacy and Information Literacy Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Present research investigates reciprocal relations amidst computer self-efficacy, scientific research and information literacy self-efficacy. Research findings have demonstrated that according to standardized regression coefficients, computer self-efficacy has a positive effect on information literacy self-efficacy. Likewise it has been detected…

Tuncer, Murat

2013-01-01

38

The relationship between academic self-efficacy and self-efficacy levels of teacher candidates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, the relationship between academic self-efficacy beliefs and teachers' sense of efficacy were investigated for teacher candidate. The research is a descriptive study in relational screening model. Two separate instruments were used to collect data: the Academic Self-efficacy Scale to measure academic self-efficacy, and Teacher Self-efficacy Scale to measure the self-efficacy perceptions of teacher candidate. Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were conducted since the data were not normally distributed. The study group was comprised of 250 teacher candidate. The result of the study indicated that academic self-efficacy beliefs and teachers' sense of teacher candidates were quite high. Additionally it was found out that teacher candidates who had higher level of academic self-efficacy beliefs (comparing to teacher candidates who had moderate or lower level of academic self-efficacy practiced better in each dimension of Teacher's Self-Efficacy Belief Scale (except for academic development. There wasn't a significant difference according to neither gender nor having a job or not. But there was a significant difference in the dimension of effective learning and teaching process according to teacher candidates' majors of study in favour of Social Sciences. Besides there was a significant difference in the dimension of creating positive classroom environment and academic self-efficacy in terms of their ages in favor of 20 year-old and below.

Kaz?m Çelik

2013-04-01

39

Science teaching self-efficacy in a primary school: A case study  

Science.gov (United States)

Bandura's theory of self-efficacy predicts that teachers with high, self-efficacy should persist longer, provide a greater academic focus in child-centred classrooms and exhibit different types of feedback than teachers who have lower self-efficacy. This paper reports on the science teaching self-efficacy in a group of teachers at a state primary school. The research was conducted in two stages using firstly the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (STEBI-A) to identify cases, and secondly, a semistructured interview coupled with classroom observations. Thirty seven teaching staff were surveyed with the STEBI-A instrument. The five highest and five lowest scoring teachers on the personal science teaching self-efficacy subscale of the STEBI-A were interviewed. The analysis of interviews and observations indicated that teachers with high personal science teaching self-efficacy have had a long interest in science and a relatively strong background of formal science studies with opportunities for exploring out of school activities. Although they may have experienced negative science experiences in their own schooling other ameliorating factors existed which maintained their interest. Their instructional strategies in science lessons were more child-centred than those reported by teachers with lower personal science teaching self-efficacy. The implications of the results for the inservice training of teachers are discussed.

de Laat, Jenny; Watters, James J.

1995-12-01

40

Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Third-Year Pharmacy Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To identify the experiential and demographic factors affecting the self-efficacy and self-esteem of third-year pharmacy (P3) students. Methods. A 25-item survey that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale, as well as types and length of pharmacy practice experiences and demographic information was administered to doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students from 5 schools of pharmacy in New England at the completion of their P3 year. Results. The survey response rate was approximately 50% of the total target population (399/820). Students with a grade point average (GPA)?3.0 demonstrated a higher significant effect from unpaid introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) on their self-efficacy scores (p<0.05) compared to students with lower GPAs. Students who had completed more than the required amount of pharmacy experiences had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem (p<0.05). Ethnicity also was related to students’ levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Conclusion. Self-efficacy and self-esteem are two important factors in pharmacy practice. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should ensure that students complete enough practice experiences, beyond the minimum of 300 IPPE hours, as one way to improve their self-efficacy and self-esteem. PMID:25258439

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Self-efficacy and self-esteem in third-year pharmacy students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To identify the experiential and demographic factors affecting the self-efficacy and self-esteem of third-year pharmacy (P3) students. Methods. A 25-item survey that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale, as well as types and length of pharmacy practice experiences and demographic information was administered to doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students from 5 schools of pharmacy in New England at the completion of their P3 year. Results. The survey response rate was approximately 50% of the total target population (399/820). Students with a grade point average (GPA)?3.0 demonstrated a higher significant effect from unpaid introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) on their self-efficacy scores (pstudents with lower GPAs. Students who had completed more than the required amount of pharmacy experiences had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem (pstudents' levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Conclusion. Self-efficacy and self-esteem are two important factors in pharmacy practice. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should ensure that students complete enough practice experiences, beyond the minimum of 300 IPPE hours, as one way to improve their self-efficacy and self-esteem. PMID:25258439

Yorra, Mark L

2014-09-15

42

Does Emotional Self-efficacy Predict Teachers' Self-efficacy and Empathy?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research has shown that teachers` self-efficacy and empathy are two of the most important variables consistently related to outcomes of positive teaching and student learning. Emotional self-efficacy refers to peoples' judgment regarding their own capacity to process emotional information accurately and effectively. It is considered a powerful variable affecting the emotional state of individuals and their performance. The main objective of the present study was to examine to what extent emotional self-efficacy predicts teachers` self-efficacy and empathy in teachers. Findings indicated that emotional self-efficacy predicts both empathy and teachers` self-efficacy. These results contribute to the growing body of literature maintaining that in order to practice and succeed in the complex and demanding school milieu, teachers must develop not only their teaching skills, but the emotional capacity required to enhance their resilience, their survival and their ability to innovate.

Marina Goroshit

2014-05-01

43

Validation of a self-efficacy instrument and its relationship to performance of crisis resource management skills.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is thought to be important for resuscitation proficiency in that it influences the development of and access to the associated medical knowledge, procedural skills and crisis resource management (CRM) skills. Since performance assessment of CRM skills is challenging, self-efficacy is often used as a measure of competence in this area. While self-efficacy may influence performance, the true relationship between self-efficacy and performance in this setting has not been delineated. We developed an instrument to measure pediatric residents' self-efficacy in CRM skills and assessed its content validity, internal structure, and relationship to other variables. After administering the instrument to 125 pediatric residents, critical care fellows and faculty, we performed an exploratory factor analysis within a confirmatory factor analysis as well as a known group comparison. The analyses specified four factors that we defined as: situation awareness, team management, environment management, and decision making. Pediatric residents reported lower self-efficacy than fellows and faculty in each factor. We also examined the correlation between self-efficacy and performance scores for a subset of 30 residents who led video recorded simulated resuscitations and had their performances rated by three observers. We found a significant, positive correlation between residents' self-efficacy in situation awareness and environment management and their overall performance of CRM skills. Our findings suggest that in a specific context, self-efficacy as a form of self-assessment may be informative with regards to performance. PMID:21264508

Plant, Jennifer L; van Schaik, Sandrijn M; Sliwka, Diane C; Boscardin, Christy K; O'Sullivan, Patricia S

2011-12-01

44

Self- efficacy and aggressive driving reliationship  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper was designed to analize and evaluate the aggressiveness and self- efficacy of Lithuanian drivers. The aim of this study was : to evaluate the level of aggressiveness of Lithuanian drivers and to eveluate the reliationship between self- efficacy and aggressive driving. The data was collected from 196 participants ( 18-74 years old). Buss - Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Deffenbacher and his colleagues’ Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and George and his joint authors’ Adelaide Driving ...

Kas?inska, Agnies?ka

2010-01-01

45

Predictors Of Java Programming Self Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

CERN Document Server

The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The resulting data were analyzed using Pearson product correlation and Multiple regression analysis. Findings revealed that Java Programming self-efficacy has no significant relationship with each of the computing and programming background factors. It was additionally obtained that the number of programming courses offered and programming courses weighed scores were the only predictors of Java self-efficacy.

Jegede, Philip Olu

2009-01-01

46

Breastfeeding self-efficacy and the use of prescription medication: a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To examine the association of self-efficacy, perception of milk production, and lactating women's use of medication prescribed to increase breast milk in a cohort of 18-40-year-old mothers over six months. Methods. Mothers (n = 76) attending community clinics completed the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale and the Humenick/Hill Lactation Scale, a measure of perceived milk production, three times. Results. Domperidone, a dopamine antagonist, was used by 28% of participants. On average, those using domperidone had lower self-efficacy scores than those not using it (P galactogogues is recommended for mothers and healthy term babies. Following Baby-Friendly hospital protocols and increasing self-efficacy for lactating women may be most effective in sustaining breastfeeding. Risks and benefits of various galactogogues are discussed. PMID:22220176

Mannion, Cynthia; Mansell, Deborah

2012-01-01

47

ACTIVE STRATEGIES DURING INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE TEACHER EDUCATION TO IMPROVE LONG-TERM TEACHER SELF-EFFICACY  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Teacher development aimed at increasing the use of inquiry based methods in schools is an important way to reach science learning goals. To this end, the EC has promoted inquiry based science teaching (IBST) within the Seventh Framework Program (FP7). One dimension, typically absent from the FP7 products, is the personal capacity belief of self- efficacy which has been shown to be important to personal behavioral change. The purpose of this research was to develop and test a model of teacher professional development (TPD) which adds specific elements for altering teacher self-efficacies to existing FP7 IBST products. This model was tested for its usefulness in increasing participant self-efficacy as evidenced by short and long term quantitative measures as well as by evaluation of long terminquiry lessons. Workshops to promote IBST were conducted in five different countries. Each workshop included strategies for increasing participant’s self-efficacies. Pre and post assessments showed consistently improved personal self-efficacy scores in all of the workshops. In addition, and unlike other long-term studies of teachers, these self-efficacy scores did not significantly diminish over six months. The promotion of self-efficacy in TPD provides a consistent way of evaluating the impact of IBST workshops through the use of changes in self-efficacy.

Evans, Robert Harry

2012-01-01

48

Relation of Interest and Self-Efficacy Occupational Congruence and Career Choice Certainty  

Science.gov (United States)

A sample of 2145 adults completed the Personal Globe Inventory (PGI) as well as indicating their occupational choice and the certainty of this choice. The PGI yielded interest and self-efficacy scores and these were used with the occupational choice to calculate a congruence score for interests and one for efficacy. The prediction of career…

Tracey, Terence J. G.

2010-01-01

49

Eating Disorders, Normative Eating Self-Efficacy and Body Image Self-Efficacy: Women in Recovery Homes  

Science.gov (United States)

Although eating disorders (EDs) and ED symptoms are common among individuals in recovery for substance abuse (SA), long-term SA treatment programmes rarely address these problems. The present study examined the prevalence of EDs among women residing in Oxford Houses—low-cost, self-governed recovery homes for SA. Further, among women both with and without an ED diagnosis, the association between duration of Oxford House residency and eating-related self-efficacy scores was examined as an indicator of potential treatment effects on ED symptoms. During a telephone assessment, participants were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and the Eating Disorder Recovery Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. Results indicated that 12 of the 31 women analysed met criteria for an ED (bulimia nervosa, 2; ED not otherwise specified, 10). Differential findings were evident for eating-related self-efficacy measures depending on ED diagnostic status and duration of residency. Potential interpretations, limitations and implications are discussed. PMID:21751298

Czarlinski, Jennifer A.; Aase, Darrin M.; Jason, Leonard A.

2014-01-01

50

Self-efficacy, physical activity, and aerobic fitness in middle school children: examination of a pedometer intervention program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical activity in children has been associated with a number of health benefits. Unfortunately, physical inactivity continues to increase. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among self-efficacy levels, physical activity, aerobic fitness, and body composition (relative body mass index [RBMI]) and to determine whether a school-based pedometer intervention program would improve those variables. The sample consisted of 116 rural 11- to 13-year-old students. Weakly positive correlations between self-efficacy, physical activity, and aerobic fitness and weakly correlated inverse relationships between self-efficacy, physical activity, aerobic fitness and RBMI were found. There was no statistical significance between the intervention and control group when analyzing outcome variables. These findings suggest that those with optimal RBMI levels have higher self-efficacy, physical activity and aerobic fitness levels. Although not statistically significant, the intervention group had greater improvements in mean self-efficacy scores, aerobic fitness levels, and RBMI. PMID:24263251

Manley, Dana; Cowan, Patricia; Graff, Carolyn; Perlow, Michael; Rice, Pamela; Richey, Phyllis; Sanchez, Zoila

2014-01-01

51

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

52

Low Self-Efficacy Lead to Failure in Adopting CHO-Counting Approach to Control Diabetes: Pilot Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the impact of self-efficacy in adopting carbohydrate counting behavior on their glycemic control, lipid profile and body weight among patients with type 2 diabetes. Self-efficacy was measured using chwarzer and Renner self-efficacy scale. All patients, regardless of their self-efficacy score, received an intervention composed of tailored diet plans based on the carbohydrate counting method. Anthropometric and laboratory measurements were performed at baseline, 3 and 6 months after the intervention. The short-acting insulin dose was modified based on the total amount of carbohydrate per meal. Two patients (1 and 2 out of five recorded high self-efficacy scores. A significant decrease (p<0.001 in FBG, HbA1c, total cholesterol and LDL and an increase in HDL levels were observed in patients 1 and 2 when baseline readings compared to the six-month readings. A decrease in daily insulin dose was observed after the intervention for patients 1 and 2. The significant differences were also found in weight, BMI and body fat percentage after intervention period. Regarding the three patients (3, 4 and 5 who recorded low self-efficacy scores, a significant improvement was found in total cholesterol and triglycerides in patients 3 and 4. It could be concluded that high self-efficacy for adopting carbohydrate counting-based dietary regimens may be effective in improving health status for patients with diabetes.

Suhad S. Abu-Mweis

2013-01-01

53

Developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reading comprehension has affective and social dimensions as well as its cognitive dimension. Thus, to understand and improve reading instruction, affective and social dimensions should be well understood. Perceived self-efficacy is one of affective issues influencing learning and it should be taken into consideration in reading instruction. With this in mind, this study aims at developing the Reader Self-Efficacy Scale with a group of 518 students as participants. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a 6-item scale with one factor. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was determined to be 0.948. This new Reader Self-Efficacy Scale could easily be used for training and research purposes depending on its high validity and reliability.

Hakan ÜLPER

2013-04-01

54

Effects of a Nursing Intervention on Improving Self-Efficacy and Reducing Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Patients adherence to medical recommendations requires new and effective strategies. Promoting self-efficacy is considered as an important measurement to help patients to participate in their own treatment protocol. This study was conducted to determine the effect of a nursing intervention on improving self-efficacy and reducing cardiovascular risk factors in patients with cardiovascular diseases in a public hospital in Urmia. Methods & Materials: In this single group before/after study, 81 patients with at least two cardiovascular adjustable risk factors were recruited. The self-efficacy intervention was presented to the patients and one of their family members. The self-efficacy was scored before, immediately and one month after the intervention. The Cardiovascular risk factors were measured before and one year after the intervention. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA with repeated measures, paired t-tests, and McNemar test were used to analyze data. Results: Overall self-efficacy scores and its sub-groups were significantly improved after one month. There were significant differences in the mean BMI, HDL, LDL, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and weight before and one year after the intervention. The number of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia were significantly decreased one year after the intervention. However, there were not significant differences in the number of overweight patients and patients with hypertension before and after the intervention. Conclusion: Results showed that our intervention to improve self-efficacy had positive effect on the overall self-efficacy score and the scores of its subgroups. Our intervention was also effective in controlling cardiovascular risk factors and in reducing the frequency of smokers and patients with hyperlipidemia. It seems that combination of medical orders with self-efficacy improving interventions on patients and their families are influential in controlling cardiovascular risk factors.   Key words: cardiovascular risk factors, self-efficacy, nursing intervention

E Baljani

2011-02-01

55

Self-Efficacy and green entrepreneurship  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study is to investigate empirically the extent to which self-efficacy contributes to the development of green entrepreneurial intention. The measurement constructs of self-efficacy were classified into market opportunities, innovative environment, initiating relationships, defining purpose, coping with challenges, and developing human resources. The study comprises 252 usable convenient samples through structured questionnaires. The coefficient of determination R2 shows that the variance of intention to entrepreneurship is explained by the variance of the independent variables. It was also found that the model is fit for prediction.

Tan, K. L.; Suhaida, S.; Leong, Y. P.

2013-06-01

56

Service Learning and Its Influence on Pre-Service Teachers: A Study of Social Responsibility and Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the research was to study pre-service teachers on social responsibility and self-efficacy through service learning. The mixed methodology included two major procedures (i the actual use of a developed service learning instructional model by means of action research principles and qualitative research and (ii the study into the pre-service teacher on social responsibility and self-efficacy by means of quantitative research and quantitative research. The findings revealed that the pre-service teachers had after score of social responsibility and self-efficacy higher than those before learning through service learning.

Parichart Prasertsang

2013-06-01

57

General Self-Efficacy Among Family’s Female Caregiver of Elderly with Alzheimer’s Disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Caregivers of elderly with Alzheimer's disease, particularly females, encounter challenges. Their different roles in giving care to the patients could result in physical and mental disorders. The self-efficacy seems to be an essential factor in empowering individuals coping with stressful situations and challenging tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate general self-efficacy among women as family caregivers of elderly with Alzheimers disease. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 112 women reffered to the Iran Alzheimer Association, Tehran were selected through convenience sampling method. The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-10 was used to collect data. Data were entered into the SPSS-16 and then processed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe. Results: The mean score of the general self-efficacy was 28.24±6.34 indicating that considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy (65.2%. In addition, there were significant relationships between the women's general self-efficacy with educational and economic statuses (P<0.05. There were no significant relationships between general self-efficacy with age, marital status, occupational status and duration of caring. Conclusion: According to the findings, a considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy. Therefore, it is essential to promote the caregivers self-efficacy in order to give them the ability of better adaptation with the lifes challenges. In particular, the self-efficacy promotive programs should be implemented among caregivers with lower educational and economic status.

Hamid Haghani

2012-06-01

58

Malaysian Counselors’ Self-Efficacy: Implication for Career Counseling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was intended to measure Malaysian counselors’ self-efficacy. The finding shows thatMalaysian school counselors have high self-efficacy. Self-efficacy correlated significantly with work experienceas a counselor. The study also shows that counselors with postgraduate education are more effacious than theircounterparts who have an undergraduate degree only. Counselors’ self-efficacy does not differ as a function ofgender and program of study. However, what is important is their experiences and advance education.

Ab Rahim Bakar

2011-09-01

59

Self-efficacy scale for teachers”-Preliminary study-  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to introduce “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” into scientific field in order to evaluate teachers’ opinions on their self-efficacy. This study which is conducted to develop “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” aims at making clear the contribution of teacher behaviour to psychological measuring as well as providing support for psychometric studies which have recently become popular. In order to determine the self-efficacy of teachers, 3 experts who have ...

P?nar K?v?lc?m; Turhan Toros; Mehmet Miman; Fikret Soyer

2013-01-01

60

Measuring General Self-Efficacy: A Comparison of Three Measures Using Item Response Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

General self-efficacy (GSE), individuals' belief in their ability to perform well in a variety of situations, has been the subject of increasing research attention. However, the psychometric properties (e.g., reliability, validity) associated with the scores on GSE measures have been criticized, which has hindered efforts to further establish the…

Scherbaum, Charles A.; Cohen-Charash, Yochi; Kern, Michael J.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Effect of Education on Perceived Self-Efficacy for Individuals with Arthritis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Arthritis self-efficacy characterizes individuals’ confidence in managing their arthritis. Patienteducation in arthritis aims to improve health outcomes by prompting people to adopt self-managementbehaviours. Therefore, perceived self-efficacy and patient education in arthritis is of great importance.Aims: This study was performed to determine the effects of education on self-efficacy perception in arthritisindividuals.Methodology: This study was a semi-experimental of pre-test and post test design in an equivalent controlgroup. The research was conducted in a physiotherapy and immunology clinics in Erzurum, Turkey. The datawere obtained from 80 individuals with arthritis. These eighty arthritis individuals were composed 40 of whomwere in the experimental and 40 of whom were in control group. As the data gathering tools, a questionnaireform and arthritis self-efficacy scale (ASES were used. ASES developed by Lorig et al. and adjusted fromEnglish to Turkish by Ünsal&Ka??kç? was used to measure individuals’ self-efficacy. Questionnaire form andscale were completed by the individuals in both groups. Patients in the experimental group were educated withthe booklet. The education program was applied 4 times, once in 3 weeks. The time required for each stage was45~60 minutes. In the control group, care was provided according to the usual routine.Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the pre-test ASES scores of the individuals inboth groups. Self-efficacy levels after education were significantly improved in the experimental groupcompared to the control group.Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the planned education can be considered an effectiveintervention for increasing self-efficacy perception in arthritis individuals.

Magfiret Kara Kasikci

2010-01-01

62

Identifying Events that Impact Self-Efficacy in Physics Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a method of analyzing the development of self-efficacy in real time using a framework of self-efficacy opportunities (SEOs). Considerable research has shown a connection between self-efficacy, or the confidence in one's own ability to perform a task, and success in science fields. Traditional methods of investigating the development of…

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Goertzen, Renee Michelle; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-01-01

63

Self-Efficacy and Learning in Sorority and Fraternity Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Past research consistently reveals that "self-efficacy," referring to one's perceived ability to obtain a desired outcome, in academic courses is linked to academic achievement and motivation in those courses. In particular, high self-efficacy in courses is associated with high academic performance, and low self-efficacy in courses is associated…

Thompson, Jon G., Jr.; Oberle, Crystal D.; Lilley, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

64

Measuring Distinct Types of Musical Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examines the specific nature of self-efficacy beliefs within music. Separate questionnaires assessing self-efficacy for musical learning and self-efficacy for musical performing were developed and tested, and the reliability of the new questionnaires was demonstrated using internal reliability tests and exploratory factor analysis. A…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

65

Internet Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Prospective Teachers (Case of F?rat University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine if prospective teachers’ perception of internet self-efficacy differ related to gender, faculty, frequency of internet access and accession place variables. Population of the study includes fourth year students enrolled at Education, Science and Humanitarian & Social Sciences Faculties. The sample consists of 661 students. A 25-item five-point Likert type scale was developed and used. Percent, frequency, item test correlation, mean score, independent samples t test, Anova, LSD, KWH and MWU tests were used to analyze the data. Students’ views differed related to gender, faculty, frequency of internet access and accession place variables. Male prospective teachers have higher level of self-efficacy towards internet than females. Education Faculty students’ self-efficacy levels are higher than the other two faculties. The students who connect internet more have higher level of self-efficacy than those who connect less. Those who connect internet at internet cafes have lower level of self-efficacy.

Mehmet Nuri GÖMLEKS?Z

2013-04-01

66

The Interface between EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy Concerning Listening Comprehension and Listening Proficiency  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the focus of education has shifted from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in recent decades, a growing body of research in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. It should be pointed out that one of the important factors affecting test scores is test takers’ characteristics. Therefore, the present study concentrated on one of these individual differences; namely self-efficacy. To narrow down the focus of investigation, this study aimed at exploring the role of EFL learner's self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension in their listening test performance. Hence, the main research question addressed by the present study was ‘Are there any relationships between EFL learners’ self-efficacy regarding listening comprehension and listening proficiency?’ A group of 61 freshmen undergraduate learners of English consented to participate in the present study. Data on the learners’ self-efficacy were collected through an author-designed questionnaire. The listening proficiency was quantified and extracted based on the students’ answers to a listening test performance titled as 'Listening Diagnostic Pre-test' adopted from paper-based Longman TOEFL(2001, pp.3-6. The results of statistical analyses indicated that listening comprehension self- efficacy was significantly related to listening proficiency.

Ali RAHIMI

2009-04-01

67

Balance self-efficacy determines walking capacity in people with Parkinson's disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to examine the contribution of balance self-efficacy to walking capacity in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Seventy-one patients with PD and 55 healthy subjects completed the study. Walking capacity was quantified by 6-min walk (6MW) test. Perceived balance self-efficacy was assessed by activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale. PD-specific motor impairments were determined by Unified PD rating scale (Motor Examination III) and maximum muscle strength of lower extremities. Patients with PD achieved significantly shorter 6MW distance and lower ABC score than control subjects (P 6MW distance, accounting for 17.1% of the variance (P < 0.001). This is the first study demonstrating that balance self-efficacy is an important and independent determinant of functional walking capacity in patients with PD. Improving balance confidence could be crucial in promoting walking capacity in PD population. PMID:18759335

Mak, Margaret K Y; Pang, Marco Y C

2008-10-15

68

The Music Education Self Efficacy Scale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this research is to develop a valid and reliable scale which will be able to asses the level of self efficacy about music education of Turkish primary school student teachers. The scale, composed of 23 questions and prepared in 5 point likert scale, was applied to 137 primary school student teachers who were 3rd and 4th grades of Ahi Evran University Education Faculty Department of Primary Education in 2006-2007 academic year. The data was analised by SPSS software programme. After the factor analysis, 4 questions were taken out of the scale. There were 11 positive questions and 8 negative questions at “The Music Education Self Efficacy Scale”. Cronbach Alfa internal integrity of the scale was found to be 0.8410.

?enol AFACAN

2008-04-01

69

Memory Self-efficacy after Stroke  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Memory deficits occur frequently after stroke. In general, functional recovery of these deficits is hard to achieve. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effectiveness of a Memory Self-efficacy training for patients after chronic stroke. 153 Patients were included and radomized between a MSE-training program and a control peer support group. Patients under 65 years of age improved significantly on MSE and psychological quality of life after the experimental MSE-training in comparison t...

Aben, L.

2013-01-01

70

Psychometric properties of the 8-item english arthritis self-efficacy scale in a diverse sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arthritis self-efficacy is important for successful disease management. This study examined psychometric properties of the 8-item English version of the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES-8) and differences in ASES-8 scores across sample subgroups. In 401 participants with self-reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis, exploratory factor analysis and tests of internal consistency were conducted. Concurrent validity was examined by associating ASES-8 scores with disease-specific, psychosocial, functional, and behavioral measures expected to be related to arthritis self-efficacy. All analyses were conducted for the full sample and within subgroups (gender, race, age, education, and weight status). Exploratory factor analysis for the entire sample and in all 12 subgroups demonstrated a one factor solution (factor loadings: 0.61 to 0.89). Internal consistency was high for measures of Cronbach's alpha (0.87 to 0.94), omega (0.87 to 0.93), and greatest lower bound (0.90 to 0.95). ASES-8 scores were significantly correlated with all measures assessed (P subgroup differences were found. The ASES-8 is a valid and reliable tool to measure arthritis self-efficacy efficiently and thereby reduce participant burden in research studies. PMID:25215233

Wilcox, Sara; Schoffman, Danielle E; Dowda, Marsha; Sharpe, Patricia A

2014-01-01

71

Self-efficacy in Second/Foreign Language Learning Contexts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study reviews the empirical literature of self-efficacy, a central component of social cognitive theory, in the area of second language learning by focusing on two research questions: first, to what extent, has self-efficacy, as a predicting variable, has been explored in the field of second language learning? Second, what factors affect learners’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning a foreign/second language? On addressing the research questions, 32 articles published between 2003 and 2012 were selected. The articles were classified into two main categories – effects of self-efficacy and factors affecting self-efficacy. Then each category was divided into certain subcategories for discussion. The findings of the review revealed that several factors enhance the level of students’ self-efficacy, and self-efficacy is a strong predictor of performance in different language skills and tasks. Limitations of the empirical studies discussed and directions for further investigation are also presented.

Saeid Raoofi

2012-09-01

72

Relative contributions of self-efficacy, self-regulation, and self-handicapping in predicting student procrastination.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relative contributions of self-efficacy, self-regulation, and self-handicapping student procrastination were explored. College undergraduate participants (N = 138; 40 men, 97 women, one not reporting sex) filled out the Procrastination Scale, the Self-Handicapping Scale-Short Form, and the Self-regulation and Self-handicapping scales of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. A hierarchical regression of the above measures indicated that self-efficacy, self-regulation, and self-handicapping all predicted scores on the Procrastination Scale, but self-regulation fully accounted for the predictive power of self-efficacy. The results suggested self-regulation and self-handicapping predict procrastination independently. These findings are discussed in relation to the literature on the concept of "self-efficacy for self-regulation" and its use in the field of procrastination research. PMID:22420126

Strunk, Kamden K; Steele, Misty R

2011-12-01

73

Correlates of self-efficacy for condom use among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana, Mexico engage in high levels of unprotected sex. While behavioral change theories posit that self-efficacy predicts condom use, correlates of self-efficacy for condom use remain largely unstudied. We examined these correlates among male clients of FSWs in Tijuana. Eligible male clients were at least 18 years of age, HIV-negative, lived in Tijuana or San Diego, reported unprotected sex with a Tijuana FSW at least once in the past 4 months, and agreed to be treated for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire including demographics, substance use, psychosocial and psychosexual characteristics (e.g., outcome expectancies for negotiation of safer sex, social support, and sexual sensation seeking), and sexual behaviors. Participants also underwent HIV/STI testing. A stepwise hierarchical multiple regression analysis identified correlates of self-efficacy for condom use. Of 393 male clients, median age was 37 years. Participants were mostly Spanish-speaking and employed. Factors independently associated with higher self-efficacy for condom use were higher positive outcome expectancies for negotiation of safer sex, lower sexual sensation seeking scores, and higher social support scores. Both psychosocial and psychosexual factors may influence self-efficacy for condom use among male clients of FSWs. These factors represent central constructs in sociocognitive models that explain behavioral change and could be intervention targets for improving self-efficacy for condom use and, ultimately, safer sex behavior. PMID:23842786

Volkmann, Tyson; Wagner, Karla D; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Semple, Shirley J; Ompad, Danielle C; Chavarin, Claudia V; Patterson, Thomas L

2014-05-01

74

Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Internet Self-Efficacy in Web-based Instruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a study of junior high school students in Seoul, Korea that examined the effects of student motivation on performance in Web-based instruction. Tested the applicability of the self-efficacy theory in Web-based contexts through motivational surveys, path analyses, written tests, and search tests. Internet self-efficacy scale and sample…

Joo, Young-Ju; Bong, Mimi; Choi, Ha-Jeen

2000-01-01

75

The Music Education Self Efficacy Scale  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this research is to develop a valid and reliable scale which will be able to asses the level of self efficacy about music education of Turkish primary school student teachers. The scale, composed of 23 questions and prepared in 5 point likert scale, was applied to 137 primary school student teachers who were 3rd and 4th grades of Ahi Evran University Education Faculty Department of Primary Education in 2006-2007 academic year. The data was analised by SPSS software programme. After...

Afacan, S?enol

2008-01-01

76

The Transcultural Journey  

Science.gov (United States)

Ready or not, a "transcultural" era is here. The dramatic expansion of airline travel and telecommunications technologies, tourism and student exchanges, immigration policies and trade agreements have served to connect vastly different peoples and places into increasingly complex relationships. Local, regional, and national economies are now…

Slimbach, Richard

2005-01-01

77

A gender study investigating physics self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The underrepresentation of women in physics has been well documented and a source of concern for both policy makers and educators. My dissertation focuses on understanding the role self-efficacy plays in retaining students, particularly women, in introductory physics. I use an explanatory mixed methods approach to first investigate quantitatively the influence of self-efficacy in predicting success and then to qualitatively explore the development of self-efficacy. In the initial quantitative studies, I explore the utility of self-efficacy in predicting the success of introductory physics students, both women and men. Results indicate that self-efficacy is a significant predictor of success for all students. I then disaggregate the data to examine how self-efficacy develops differently for women and men in the introductory physics course. Results show women rely on different sources of self-efficacy than do men, and that a particular instructional environment, Modeling Instruction, has a positive impact on these sources of self-efficacy. In the qualitative phase of the project, this dissertation focuses on the development of self-efficacy. Using the qualitative tool of microanalysis, I introduce a methodology for understanding how self-efficacy develops moment-by-moment using the lens of self-efficacy opportunities. I then use the characterizations of self-efficacy opportunities to focus on a particular course environment and to identify and describe a mechanism by which Modeling Instruction impacts student self-efficacy. Results indicate that the emphasizing the development and deployment of models affords opportunities to impact self-efficacy. The findings of this dissertation indicate that introducing key elements into the classroom, such as cooperative group work, model development and deployment, and interaction with the instructor, create a mechanism by which instructors can impact the self-efficacy of their students. Results from this study indicate that creating a model to impact the retention rates of women in physics should include attending to self-efficacy and designing activities in the classroom that create self-efficacy opportunities.

Sawtelle, Vashti

78

Creating Opportunities to Influence Self-Efficacy through Modeling Instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present an initial analysis connecting key elements of Modeling Instruction (MI) to self-efficacy experience opportunities. Previously, we demonstrated that MI has positive effects on self-efficacy when compared with traditional Lecture instruction. We also found a particularly strong positive effect on the social persuasion source of self-efficacy for women in the MI class. Our current study seeks to understand through what mechanisms MI influences self-efficacy. We demonstrate this connection through an in-depth analysis of video chosen to exemplify Modeling techniques used in a problem-solving episode by three female participants enrolled in a MI introductory physics class. We provide a rich and descriptive analysis of the self-efficacy experiences opportunities within this context and discuss how these opportunities provide a potential explanation of how MI influences self-efficacy.

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Goertzen, Renee M.; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-05-15

79

[Parental self-efficacy in family-centered early intervention].  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental self-efficacy is seen as an important concern in family-centered early intervention. This article reports the data from 125 parents of young children with intellectual disabilities, hearing impairment or visual impairment. The relationship between parental self-efficacy, parental stress and several parent and child variables is analyzed. The results support the relevance of parental self-efficacy for parental coping. Some recommendations for promoting their experience of participation and partnership in early intervention services are discussed. PMID:22550769

Sarimski, Klaus; Hintermair, Manfred; Lang, Markus

2012-01-01

80

Memory self-efficacy and psychosocial factors in stroke  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: To explore whether Memory Self-efficacy is related to depression, neuroticism and coping in patients after stroke, as it is in healthy elderly subjects. Design: A cross-sectional design. The relation between Memory Self-efficacy and psychosocial factors was analysed using a Mann-Whitney U test and non-parametric Spearman correlations. Patients: Seventeen male and 6 female patients after stroke from an inpatient rehabilitation setting were included. Methods: Memory Self-efficacy, de...

Aben, L.; Busschbach, J. J.; Ponds, R. W. H. M.; Ribbers, G. M.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Evaluation of Primary School Teachers' Technological Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the technological self-efficacy of primary school teachers, and compare their technological efficiencies depending on gender and professional experience variables. The study was quantitative descriptive and survey method was applied to collect data. The data of the study was gathered through personal information questionnaire and “Technology Self-Efficacy Scale”. The results of the research showed that technology self-efficacy beliefs of teacher were in the mid level. In addition, it was found that while technology self-efficacy beliefs of teachers did not differ in gender, but there became a difference depending on their professional experience.

Tuba Gökçek

2013-04-01

82

Effects of Observational Practice and Gender on the Self-efficacy and Learning of Aiming Skill  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purposes of the present investigation were to study the effects of observational model and gender on the learning and self-efficacy of dart throwing skill. Forty eight novice girls and boys from PE classes were divided into two observational and physical practice groups, randomly. In acquisition phase and in retention and transfer tests, they practiced 60 trials and 12 trials, respectively. The results of acquisition phase showed that there was significant main effect of gender and the follow-up results demonstrated that the males had more accurate performance and more self-efficacy score than females (p<0.05. There were no significant differences between observational and physical groups on throwing accuracy and self-efficacy (p>0.05, but the males had more accurate performance than females in retention and transfer phases. In conclusion, observing a model can result in acquiring and learning of a skill as well as the executing a skill because of the role of self-efficacy and observational model is more effective for males than females for learning facilitation.

Mohsen Shafizadeh

2007-01-01

83

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SELF-EFFICACY, PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, AND PARTICIPATION IN YOUTH BASKETBALL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study analyzed the relationship between the level of self-efficacy of the player with the ball in basketball, various performance indicators, and individual participation of the youth player in competition, with the goal of being able to establish initial values that help to define game styles and systems that are adapted to the characteristics of the youth player. In order to evaluate the levels of self-efficacy, a questionnaire was administered to 187 players from the under-16 age category. From a total of 22 games, the following variables related to the individual performance of the player were analyzed: a points scored; b shot attempts and shots made of 1, 2, and 3 points; c efficacy percentage of 1, 2, and 3-point shots; d rebounds made; and e personal fouls received. With regard to participation, the following variables were analyzed: f minutes played; g total time of ball possession; h number of ball possessions; i number of passes received; and j number of offensive phases in which the player participates. The results indicate that the performance and participation variables correctly classify 74.2% when differentiating between players with high and low levels of selfefficacy. The players with high levels of self-efficacy presented higher values in the different performance and participation variables than the players with low levels of self-efficacy.

Enrique Ortega

2009-01-01

84

The Interface between EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy Concerning Listening Comprehension and Listening Proficiency  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since the focus of education has shifted from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in recent decades, a growing body of research in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. It should be pointed out that one of the important factors affecting test scores is test takers’ characteristics. Therefore, the present study concentrated on one of these individual differences; namely self-efficacy. To narrow down the focus of inve...

Rahimi, Ali; Abedini, Atiyeh

2009-01-01

85

Self-Efficacy and Statistics Performance among Sport Studies Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study explored predictive paths between performance accomplishments, self-efficacy, and performance among Sport Studies students taking a Level 1 statistics module. Fifty-eight Level 1 Sport Studies undergraduate degree students completed a 44-item self-efficacy measure and an assessment of perceived academic success at the start of…

Lane, Andrew M.; Hall, Ross; Lane, John

2004-01-01

86

Self-Efficacy and Collaborative Learning: An Intervention Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Findings from empirical research suggest that both self-efficacy beliefs and collaborative learning may have an influence upon student academic performance. However, the phenomena of self-efficacy beliefs, collaborative learning, and academic achievement have not been studied in concert with one another. Using quantitative research methods, I…

Robertson, Jane

2012-01-01

87

College English Writing Affect: Self-Efficacy and Anxiety  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a research project into the self-efficacy and anxiety of college English students at four universities in China. A total of 738 participants completed a questionnaire measuring self-efficacy and anxiety in writing in English. This was immediately followed by a writing task. The questionnaire used a seven point Likert type…

Woodrow, Lindy

2011-01-01

88

Regulation of Cognitive Processes through Perceived Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Addresses issues concerning the extension of self-efficacy theory to memory functioning. Issues include perceived memory capabilities, memory self-appraisal, personal control over memory functioning, preservation of a favorable sense of memory self-efficacy, and strategies for generalizing the impact of training in memory skills. (RJC)

Bandura, Albert

1989-01-01

89

Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

Gunduz, Bulent

2012-01-01

90

Creative Self-Efficacy Development and Creative Performance over Time  

Science.gov (United States)

Building from an established framework of self-efficacy development, this study provides a longitudinal examination of the development of creative self-efficacy in an ongoing work context. Results show that increases in employee creative role identity and perceived creative expectation from supervisors over a 6-month time period were associated…

Tierney, Pamela; Farmer, Steven M.

2011-01-01

91

Self-Efficacy, Stress, and Academic Success in College  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper investigates the joint effects of academic self-efficacy and stress on the academic performance of 107 nontraditional, largely immigrant and minority, college freshmen at a large urban commuter institution. We developed a survey instrument to measure the level of academic self-efficacy and perceived stress associated with 27…

Zajacova, Anna; Lynch, Scott M.; Espenshade, Thomas J.

2005-01-01

92

Attributional Style and Self-Efficacy in Singaporean Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation examined the relationship between adolescent students' attributional style and their perceived academic self-efficacy using the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire (CASQ) (Seligman et al., 1984) and Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self Efficacy (Bandura, 1989). Attributional style, defined as the way in which…

Yeo, Lay See; Tan, Kayce

2012-01-01

93

Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy among Latino College Freshmen  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the changes in self-efficacy among Latinos during the freshman year in a highly selective institution. Results indicate that gender differences exist during this period. Males rate themselves high in self-efficacy at the beginning of the year, while females rate themselves low. An interaction effect occurs at the end of the…

Lopez, J. Derek

2014-01-01

94

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy among Physical Education Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations between EI and self-efficacy among physical education teachers. The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) and the Teacher Sense of…

Mouton, Alexandre; Hansenne, Michel; Delcour, Romy; Cloes, Marc

2013-01-01

95

Learners with Low Self-Efficacy for Information Literacy Rely on Library Resources Less Often But Are More Willing to Learn How to Use Them  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives – To determine whether there is a relationship between self-efficacy (i.e., confidence regarding information literacy skills and self-efficacy for distance learning; and to compare the use of electronic resources by high and low information literacy self-efficacy distance learners and their interest in learning more about searching. Design – Online survey. Setting – A small public university in the United States of America. Subjects – Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in one or more online courses. Most respondents were in their twenties, 76% were female, 59% were undergraduates, and 69% were full time students. Methods – Students were asked six demographic questions, eight questions measuring their self-efficacy for information literacy, and four questions measuring their self-efficacy for online learning. All self-efficacy questions were adapted from previous studies and used a one to five Likert scale. The response rate was 6.2%. Correlational analysis was conducted to test the first two hypotheses (students who have higher self-efficacy for information seeking are more likely to have higher self-efficacy for online learning and for information manipulation. Descriptive analysis was used for the remaining hypotheses, to test whether students who have higher information literacy self-efficacy are more likely to have high library skills (hypothesis three and are more interested in learning about how to use library resources (hypothesis four. Among respondents high information literacy self-efficacy and low self-efficacy groups were distinguished, using the mean score of information literacy self-efficacy. Main Results – There was a significant correlation between self-efficacy for information seeking and self-efficacy for online learning (r = .27, as well as self-efficacy for information manipulation (r = .79. Students with high information seeking self-efficacy were more likely to use library databases (28.72%, while low self-efficacy respondents more often chose commercial search engines (30.98%. However those respondents were more likely to be interested in learning how to use library resources. Conclusion – Distance students with higher self-efficacy for information seeking and use also had higher self-efficacy for online learning. It is important to encourage such self-efficacy since studies have shown that it relates to better information literacy skills and a higher ability to be self-regulated learners. Confident learners process information, make effective decisions, and improve their learning more easily. Furthermore many respondents in this survey had little or false knowledge of how to use appropriate resources for their learning needs. This points to the need for effective library instruction. This study also shows that low self-efficacy students would like to have library instruction, especially to help them plan specific research assignments.

Dominique Daniel

2014-09-01

96

An Examination of the Biology Teachers’ Laboratory Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is prepared for two basic aims: first one is to prepare a valid and reliable scale which determines laboratory selfefficacyperceptions of biology teachers and the second is to examine biology teachers’ laboratory self-efficacy perceptions from the personal characteristics points of view. The participants of this study are 126 biology teachers. In this study, to collect the data the Laboratory Self-Efficacy Scale was developed by the researcher. Frequency, arithmetic mean, t-test, factor analysis is used in evaluation of the data. At the end of the study, it was found out that laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of biology teachers are on intermediate level. In addition to this, two statically significant differences were determined between professional experience levels and laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of teachers, and betweenprofessional experience levels and laboratory self-efficacy perceptions of teachers. These differences were in favor of femaleteachers and teachers with less than 10 years experience.

Gülay EK?C?

2009-12-01

97

Impact of Self Efficacy on Motivation and Performance of Employees  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to perform a meta-analysis which analyses the individual research findings which pertainto the relationship between self-efficacy, employee motivation and work related performance of the employee.From the results of the study it is observed that self-efficacy theory can be applied for work related performancein terms of motivating different employee related facets as well as organizational pursuits. In this study theresearcher has attempted to assess the influence of self-efficacy on the performance of individuals at workplaceand the mechanism by which self-efficacy of an individual determines his/her work related performance andmotivation. Thus, it becomes necessary to identify the practical implications of the outcomes related toimproving employee self-efficacy in order to motivate them and improve their performance.

Jacob Cherian

2013-06-01

98

The association between foot-care self efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour in people with peripheral neuropathy: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background People with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy often do not implement the foot-care behavioural strategies that are suggested by many health professionals. The concept of self-efficacy has been shown to be an effective predictor of behaviour in many areas of health. This study investigated the relationships between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs, self-reported foot-care behaviour and history of diabetes-related foot pathology in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation in their feet. Methods Ninety-six participants were included in this cross-sectional study undertaken in a regional city of Australia. All participants had diabetes and clinically diagnosed loss of protective sensation in their feet. The participants completed a self-report pen-paper questionnaire regarding foot-care self efficacy beliefs (the "Foot Care Confidence Scale" and two aspects of actual foot-care behaviour-preventative behaviour and potentially damaging behaviour. Pearson correlation coefficients were then calculated to determine the association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual reported foot-care behaviour. Multiple analysis of variance was undertaken to compare mean self-efficacy and behaviour subscale scores for those with a history of foot pathology, and those that did not. Results A small positive correlation (r = 0.2, p = 0.05 was found between self-efficacy beliefs and preventative behaviour. There was no association between self-efficacy beliefs and potentially damaging behaviour. There was no difference in self-efficacy beliefs in people that had a history of foot pathology compared to those that did not. Conclusion There is little association between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and actual foot-care behaviour. The usefulness of measuring foot-care self-efficacy beliefs to assess actual self foot-care behaviour using currently available instruments is limited in people with diabetes and loss of protective sensation.

Swerissen Hal

2009-02-01

99

Parenting Behavior, Mothers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs, and Toddler Performance on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined parenting self-efficacy as a potential mediator of effect of competence-promoting and inhibiting parenting on toddlers' scores on mental scale of the Bayley Scales. Found that effect of competence-inhibiting composite (forceful redirection of child's attention, ignoring and reinforcing misbehavior, potentially distracting self- conscious…

Coleman, Priscilla K.; Trent, Alacia; Bryan, Sarah; King, Barbara; Rogers, Nikel; Nazir, Mahvash

2002-01-01

100

Role of Self Efficacy Predictors in Nutritional Behaviors of Kerman High School Female Students in 2006-2007 Academic Year  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Enhancing the nutritional condition of teenaged girls can be the most effective and fundamental preventive measure against chronic disease in years ahead. Knowing the predictive factors of behaviors is one the most efficient way of preventive programs in societies, especially in the developing countries. This study was conducted to determine the role of selfefficacy in predicting the dietary behaviors of Kerman high school girls in 2006-2007. Methods: In this correlation study, girl students in Kerman high schools were selected as research population. Based on pilot study, sample size was estimated to be 800 students. Taking into consideration sample drop out, 900 questionnaires were distributed, and 812 were finally analyzed. Data were gathered using research– made questionnaire comprising of 5 parts including general & demographic questions, dietary behaviors, dietary selfefficacy, physical activity and exercise selfefficacy. Data were collected and analyzed following validity and reliability determination. Results: Results indicated that most students (57/4% were 16 years of age or younger, and the obtained total scores in the dietary behavior and related self- efficacy was 66% and 61%, respectively. The results of the multiple regression model showed that besides dietary selfefficacy, factors including level of fathers education, assessment of the family status in comparison with others from the student’s point of view, importance of safe and healthy food consumption, right of choosing desired foods, number of meals served with family, and mother’s occupation were among the predictive factors of dietary behavior. Conclusion: The results have confirmed the role of selfefficacy concepts, according to Pender’s model as a health promoting behavior. Therefore, increased selfefficacy methods such adverbial stimulation and good model offer can be used as one of the health behaviors promotion factors

AA Haghdoost

2008-10-01

 
 
 
 
101

Primary teachers’ and primary pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to compare the primary teachers and pre-service primary teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes toward teaching profession in Turkey. Descriptive method was used in the study and the study was carried out on 180 first grade and 107 fourth grade primary pre-service teachers at the Faculty of Education in Rize University and 131 primary teachers working in the primary schools located in Çayeli (Rize district. The Attitude Scale towards Teaching Profession (Özgür, 1994 and the Turkish form of the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale (Balo?lu and Karada?, 2008 were used as data gathering instrument in the study. The study results revealed that the first grade primary pre-service teachers’ scores on the attitudes towards teaching professions were statistically higher than the scores of the fourth grade primary pre-service teachers and of the primary teachers. However, the study results indicated that the teaching self-efficacy scores of the first grade pre-service teachers were statistically lower than the teaching self-efficacy scores of the fourth grade pre-service teachers and primary teachers. On the other hand, the study results showed that females’ attitudes towards teaching profession were higher than the attitudes of their male counterparts whereas self-efficacy scores did not differentiate due to the gender of the primary pre-service teachers and primary teachers. Moreover, the study results indicated that there were not any significant correlation between the self-efficacy and attitudes scores of the pre-service teachers and primary teachers.

Cemalettin ?pek

2012-10-01

102

Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed ers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married and general hospital demonstrated high self-efficacy levels. 3. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management showed statistical differences according to the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude, the knowledge and the behavior, the attitude and the behavior, the attitude and the self-efficacy, and the behavior and the self-efficacy. The relationship between the behavior and the self-efficacy was represented as ? = 0.482, which was the strongest relationship in such factors. Also, the knowledge and self-efficacy didn't show certain relationships

103

Effect of resistance training on body composition, self-efficacy, depression, and activity in postpartum women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the effect of resistance training (RT) in 60 healthy postpartum women. Participants were randomized to 18 weeks of RT or an active comparison group (flexibility training). RT and flexibility training (FT) exercises were completed twice-weekly based on the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. Study outcomes included muscular strength, body composition (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), exercise self-efficacy, depressive symptoms [Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)], and physical activity (accelerometery). For completers (n = 44), the RT group showed greater strength gains than the FT group, respectively (bench press: +36% vs +8%, P exercise self-efficacy (F = 5.33, P = 0.026). For CES-D score, the RT group decreased (F = 4.61, P = 0.016), while the FT group did not; however, the group × time interaction in CES-D score was not significant (F = 1.33, P = 0.255). Sedentary time decreased (F = 5.27, P = 0.027) and light-intensity activity time increased (F = 5.55, P = 0.023) more in the RT than FT group. Intent-to-treat analyses did not alter the results. Twice-weekly RT increases strength and may be associated with better exercise self-efficacy and improved physical activity outcomes compared with FT in postpartum women. PMID:22738284

LeCheminant, J D; Hinman, T; Pratt, K B; Earl, N; Bailey, B W; Thackeray, R; Tucker, L A

2014-04-01

104

Effects of single sex lab groups on physics self-efficacy, behavior, and academic performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the gender composition of a laboratory group and student behaviors, self-efficacy, and quiz performance, within the college physics laboratory. A student population was chosen and subdivided into two groups, which were assigned either same-sex or coed laboratory teams while executing identical laboratory activities and instruction. Assessments were carried out prior to instruction, during the course, and at the end of one semester worth of instruction and laboratory activities. Students were assessed in three areas: behaviors exhibited during laboratory activities, self-efficacy, and scores on laboratory quizzes. Analyses considered the differences in outcomes after a single semester of physics laboratories that differed only in team gender organization. The results indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in behavior variable, self-efficacy or laboratory quiz scores between same sex teams and coed teams. There were also no statistically significant differences between genders, and no interaction effect present. In a post-hoc analysis of the individual behaviors data, it was noted that there is present a practical difference in the individual behaviors exhibited by males and females. This difference implies a difference in how males and females successfully engage in the laboratory activities.

Hunt, Gary L.

105

A Survey of Correlation Infertility Self-Efficacy with Behavioral Health Scales in Infertile Women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Infertility is a unique medical challenge that can have health behavioral consequence on infertile women including lack of self-esteem, depression, anxiety, fertility problem in infertile couples. The aim of this study was to evaluate correlation between self-efficacy and health behaviors scales in infertile women. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 89 infertile women with mild to moderate depression (Beck scores 10 - 47 who were recruited from Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center. All participants completed Self-efficacy Inventory (ISE and other health behavioral scales (e.g., the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, Cattle Anxiety Scale (CAS, Fertility Problem Infertility (FPI, and GHQ. Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman rho correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Variables were included in the study if they had a p-value of

Mahbobeh Faramarzi

2014-04-01

106

Using Self-Efficacy to Assess the Readiness of Nursing Educators and Students for Mobile Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the self-efficacy of nursing faculty and students related to their potential use of mobile technology and to ask what implications this technology has for their teaching and learning in practice education contexts. We used a cross-sectional survey design involving students and faculty in two nursing education programs in a western Canadian college. In January, 2011, 121 faculty members and students completed the survey. Results showed a high level of ownership and use of mobile devices among our respondents. The median mobile self-efficacy score was 75 on a scale of 100, indicating that both faculty and students were highly confident in their use of mobile technologies and prepared to engage in mobile learning.

Richard F. Kenny Caroline L. Park

2012-06-01

107

Nurses' self-efficacy and academic degree advancement.  

Science.gov (United States)

The last decade has brought about a synergy of influences for registered nurses to advance their academic preparation. Literature indicates that there is correlation between self-efficacy and goal establishment and success. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the relationship between self-efficacy and advancing academic aspirations of registered nurses. Findings indicated that there was a trend toward a difference in the self-efficacy of nurses who began their career with a diploma or associate degree and went on for academic advancement and those who did not. PMID:24845088

Winslow, Susan; DeGuzman, Pamela; Kulbok, Pamela; Jackson, Stephanie

2014-01-01

108

Academic self-efficacy: from educational theory to instructional practice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-efficacy is a personal belief in one’s capability to organize and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performances. Often described as task-specific self-confidence, self-efficacy has been a key component in theories of motivation and learning in varied contexts. Furthermore, over the last 34 years, educational researchers from diverse fields of inquiry have used the notion of self-efficacy to predict and explain a wide range of human functioning, from ath...

Artino, Anthony R.

2012-01-01

109

Self-Efficacy in Social Work: Development and Initial Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Social Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-efficacy beliefs do not reflect a generic sense of competence, but are instead context-specific. Therefore, self-efficacy should be assessed by using an ad hoc scale measuring individual behaviors that allows social workers to exercise influence over events that affect their work life. The present study describes the development and initial validation of the self-efficacy scale for social workers (SESSW. Items were generated through the Critical Incident Technique. Sixteen social workers with at least 10 years of service participated in two focus groups; they were asked to recall critical incidents in their work and to indicate the most effective behaviors to manage the incidents. Content analysis of the focus group transcripts provided 13 key self-efficacy beliefs. The 13-item scale was validated with a sample of 805 social workers. Data were analyzed using a split-sample technique. Exploratory factor analysis on the first split sample (n = 402 revealed three dimensions of self-efficacy, corresponding to emotion regulation, support request, and procedural self-efficacy. The three-factor structure of the scale was further confirmed with confirmatory factor analysis on the second split sample (n = 403. Our results show that SESSW is an adequate instrument for assessment of self-efficacy beliefs in social work.

Monica Pedrazza

2013-09-01

110

Science self-efficacy of African American middle school students: Relationship to motivation self-beliefs, achievement, gender, and gender orientation  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation researchers have established that students' self-efficacy beliefs, the confidence they have in their academic capabilities, are related to academic outcomes. Self-efficacy has been amply researched in mathematics and language arts and nearly exclusively with White students. African American students and the area of science have each received scant attention. Typically, gender differences favor boys in mathematics and girls in language arts. Researchers have also found that these differences may be a function of gender orientation beliefs. The purpose of this study was to extend findings in science self-efficacy and to African American middle school students. I sought to determine whether self-efficacy assessed at differing levels of specificity (lab skills versus science grades) would each predict science achievement assessed at corresponding levels, to discover whether mean scores in academic motivation and achievement would differ by gender, and to determine whether these differences are a function of gender orientation (N = 268). Science grade self-efficacy was positively associated with the grades obtained by boys and by girls. For girls, grades were also associated positively with science self-concept and negatively with value of science. For reasons resulting from problematic instructional practices, lab skills self-efficacy was not associated with lab grades. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy and received higher grades in science class. Gender orientation beliefs did not account for these differences, but masculinity and femininity were each associated with science grade self-efficacy, suggesting that androgyny is an adaptive orientation for the science self-efficacy beliefs of African American students. Findings are interpreted within the framework of A. Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari Lynn

111

Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Transcultural issues often play a vital role in the delivery of effective nursing care. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

Editorial Office

1996-01-01

112

Health Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy Predict Back Pain Rehabilitation Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Chronic back pain treatments have generally been costly and/or ineffective despite advances in medical technology. Patient selection and factors intrinsic to patients, including beliefs and behaviors, have been increasingly looked upon as possible predictive factors for success following multidisciplinary intervention for chronic back pain. The current study investigated the value of using patients' perceived control over health changes (health locus of control) and their perceived ability to engage in pain management behaviors (pain-related self-efficacy) to predict physical and mental health outcomes. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 61 patients who completed a two-week multidisciplinary chronic back pain rehabilitation program at our institution between 2007 and 2009. Patient demographics were identified and categorized. Pre- and post-intervention functional surveys, including the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Form C, Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale, Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Version 2, Beck Depression Inventory-II, and Oswestry Disability Index Version 2, were used to evaluate benefit from back pain intervention and to examine patient factors that may predict physical and mental health outcomes. Results Participants included 28 males and 33 females, ages 28 to 72, completing chronic back pain rehabilitation. Locus of control, self-efficacy, and physical and mental health demonstrated treatment-related changes, with notable improvements in physical and mental health. Regression analyses examined the value of pre-treatment health locus of control and pain-related self-efficacy as predictors of physical and mental health one month following treatment. Higher internal and lower doctor health locus of control, and higher self-efficacy at baseline predicted higher lift scores one month after treatment (p functioning (p <. 01) and lower disability (p <. 01) at one month. Conclusions In addition to supporting the multiple benefits of multidisciplinary rehabilitation, this study suggests that pain-related self-efficacy and health locus of control may be valuable predictors of treatment benefit for chronic back pain patients. These results provide direction in screening for factors that may maximize the potential to benefit from multidisciplinary intervention for chronic back pain.

Keedy, Nicole H; Keffala, Valerie J; Altmaier, Elizabeth M; Chen, Joseph J

2014-01-01

113

Self-efficacy, imagery use, and adherence during injury rehabilitation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous observational studies examining imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence during injury rehabilitation have been cross-sectional and thus have not provided a clear representation of what occurs over the course of the rehabilitation period. The objectives of this research were (1) to examine the temporal patterns of imagery, self-efficacy, and rehabilitation adherence during an 8-week rehabilitation program and (2) to identify the time-order relationships between imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence. The design of the study was prospective and observational. 90 injured people (n=57 males; n=33 females) aged 18-78 years attending an injury rehabilitation clinic participated. The main outcome measures were imagery (cognitive, motivational, and healing), self-efficacy (task and coping), and rehabilitation adherence (duration, quality, and frequency). Results indicated that task efficacy, imagery use, and adherence levels remained stable, while coping efficacy declined over time. During the course of rehabilitation, moderate to strong reciprocal relationships existed between self-efficacy and adherence to rehabilitation. Weak to moderate relationships were found between imagery use and rehabilitation adherence. The results of this study can be used to inform the development of interventions steeped in self-efficacy and imagery aimed at improving rehabilitation adherence and treatment outcome. PMID:21496107

Wesch, N; Hall, C; Prapavessis, H; Maddison, R; Bassett, S; Foley, L; Brooks, S; Forwell, L

2012-10-01

114

Measuring pain self-efficacy and health related quality of life among hemodialysis patients in Greece: a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patients with chronic kidney disease and associated comorbid conditions often experience pain. It is also known that the presence of chronic pain greatly impacts upon quality of life (QOL and can play a major role in the co-morbidity of anxiety and depression. The main aim of this study protocol is the investigation of pain self - efficacy, QOL as well as their relation in patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. The final sample size will be around 70-80 patients. Each subject’s QOL and pain self - efficacy will be measured using the following instruments: a. The Missoula - VITAS Quality of Life Index - 15 (MVQOLI-15 and b. The Pain Self - Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ. QOL is expected to be related to pain self - efficacy scores.

Paraskevi Theofilou

2013-09-01

115

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

Serap Bulduk

2008-09-01

116

Malay Secondary School Students’ Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Descriptive Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the influential factors affecting intention to become an entrepreneur, entrepreneurial attitude orientation and self-efficacy of students have been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship research. However, there is not enough information on secondary school students’ attitude toward and efficacy of entrepreneurship particularly, in Malaysia. Through a descriptive approach, this study aimed to determine entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in order to evaluate the entrepreneurship inclination and potential among Malaysian secondary school students. A sample of 2,574 students was randomly selected from three states around Malaysia as the participants of this study. A set of questionnaire was developed based on previous researches to measure students’ entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy. The findings indicate that Malay students have a moderately high attitude toward entrepreneurship. More specifically, the students scored high in self-esteem cognition and achievement cognition but low in self-esteem behavior and self-esteem affect. Moreover, the students perceived themselves as moderately capable of establishing new ventures. The implication of the findings and areas for future researches are discussed.

Z.A. Lope Pihie

2011-01-01

117

Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' : translation and psychometric properties  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; 26; 615-623 Danish version of 'The COPD self-efficacy scale': translation and psychometric properties The aim of the study was to translate 'The COPD self-efficacy scale' (CSES) into Danish and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Danish version (CSES-DK). CSES enables assessment of self-efficacy in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The scale consists of 34 items, describing situations which may cause dyspnoea in patients with COPD. The CSES was translated into Danish using a standard forward-backward translation procedure. To estimate the reliability, measurements of internal consistency and repeatability were applied. The validity of the Danish version was evaluated by examining the associations between the CSES-DK score and socio-demographic variables (age, gender, education, disease severity and self-rated health). Factor analysis was conducted to compare the internal structure of the Danish version and the American source version. The studyincluded 151 patients with COPD, recruited from three outpatient clinics. Estimates of reliability were in accordance with the original version of CSES (Cronbach's a = 0.97, test-retest r = 0.82, p

Emme, Christina; Mortensen, Erik L

2012-01-01

118

Impact of Journaling on Students’ Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While considerable research has examined the academic and cognitive value of journaling, little has examined the psychological impact of journaling on the personal development of college students. Research on cognitive-behavioral therapy indicates that journaling can have a positive impact on individuals’ self-growth and intrapersonal characteristics. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of classroom-based journaling on students’ self-efficacy and locus of control. Students in two undergraduate courses were required to complete weekly journal assignments; one class received targeted information on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT and one class did not. Students completed pre-, mid-, and post-course assessments on self-efficacy, locus of control, and learning. Results revealed that self-efficacy scores for both groups significantly improved after the early journaling assignments; however, there were no differences between those who received direct CBT instruction and those who did not. These findings indicate that journaling may have important psychological benefits above and beyond its expected academic and cognitive outcomes.

Krista K. Fritson

2008-08-01

119

Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostate cancer is the most frequently non-skin cancer diagnosed among men. Diagnosis, a significant burden, generates many challenges which impact on emotional adjustment and so warrants further investigation. Most studies to date however, have been carried out at or post treatment with an emphasis on functional quality of life outcomes. Men recently diagnosed with localised prostate cancer (N = 89) attending a Rapid Access Prostate Clinic to discuss treatment options completed self report questionnaires on stress, self-efficacy, and mood. Information on age and disease status was gathered from hospital records. Self-efficacy and stress together explained more than half of the variance on anxiety and depression. Self-efficacy explained variance on all 6 emotional domains of the POMS (ranging from 5–25%) with high scores linked to good emotional adjustment. Perceived global and cancer specific stress also explained variance on the 6 emotional domains of the POMS (8–31%) with high stress linked to poor mood. These findings extend understanding of the role of efficacy beliefs and stress appraisal in predicting emotional adjustment in men at diagnosis and identify those at risk for poor adaptation at this time. Such identification may lead to more effective patient management. PMID:24993798

Curtis, Ruth; Groarke, AnnMarie; Sullivan, Frank

2014-01-01

120

The Way Forward for Transcultural Nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests incorporating a sociological perspective into transcultural nursing to enhance its anthropological approach. Discusses assimilation, acculturation, and ethnicity. Considers transcultural health care from the point of view of the user of health care services, rather than the provider. (SK)

Price, Kathleen M.; Cortis, Joseph D.

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Health visitors and breastfeeding support: influence of knowledge and self-efficacy.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Little is known about what influences health visitors' breastfeeding support. The objective was to describe health visitors' breastfeeding experiences, beliefs, knowledge and self-efficacy in breastfeeding guidance and determine the impact of a training course on these factors, and how they were reflected in practice. METHODS: A randomized intervention study enrolled 52 health visitors in the intervention group and 57 in the comparison group. The intervention group participated in an 18-hour pre-study training course that focused on knowledge about lactation and how to guide the mother to learn the mechanisms of breastfeeding. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires before the intervention and after the follow-up period. One hundred and six (97%) health visitors and 1302 (82%) mothers responded. RESULTS: At baseline no substantial differences were seen between the two groups on years since education, own breastfeeding experiences, beliefs or self-efficacy in breastfeeding guidance except that health visitors in the intervention group, who had completed the course, demonstrated significantly higher scores on knowledge questions (P < 0.01). After the intervention health visitors in the intervention group reported significantly higher self-efficacy in guidance on three of five breastfeeding problems (P < 0.01). Mothers in the intervention group reported having received more support than mothers in the comparison group. CONCLUSION: An interactive course increased the health visitors' knowledge of breastfeeding practice. After the intervention period the health visitors in the intervention group had increased their self-efficacy in helping mothers with common breastfeeding problems. The mothers in the intervention group reported more informational and instrumental breastfeeding support.

Kronborg, Hanne; Væth, Michael

2008-01-01

122

Human and Social Capital Development for Self Efficacy of University Graduates: Bases for Development of Society  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study investigated perceptions of students and employers about the development of human and social capital in terms of intellectual development skills, personal development skills, professional development skills, and social development skills for self efficacy of university graduates. How students and employers were viewing the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates; which areas of development skills were relatively stronger; and which sectors of industry or discipline of study were more satisfied or worried about were the questions answered in the study. Students of 4 public and 4 private universities and managers of 65 companies from 12 sectors of industry listed with Lahore Stock Exchange constituted the sample. Data were collected through an adopted, 30-item survey scale which was found reliable at 0.930 Cronbach's alpha. Mean scores and correlations were calculated for the four sub-scales. One-Sample t-test, Independent samples t-test, and one-way ANOA were employed for significance and variance analysis. The study concluded that students and employers were not fully satisfied with the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates. Intellectual development skills got the highest position whereas personal development skills were found at the lowest position. Professional and social development skills were found in the middle. This situation reflects performance of universities below standards and speaks of under utilization of their potential for contributing to the development of society. Serious initiative for the development of human and social capital for self efficacy of university graduates was the major recommendation.

Shoukat Ali Raza

2011-08-01

123

Research and Teaching: Engaging Students - An Examination of the Effects of Teaching Strategies on Self-Efficacy and Course Climate in a Nonmajors Physics Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the success of self-efficacy theory for predicting student success in scientific study, and the demonstrated effect that teaching approaches have on student self-efficacy in majors courses, the purpose of this study is to ask if similar relationships between pedagogy and self-efficacy exist in introductory science courses for non-physical science majors. In particular, this study proposes to identify which, if any, teaching approaches affect student self-efficacy in physics, and to identify the sources of efficacy through which those pedagogies have their effect. An additional goal of the study is to probe the relationship among teaching approaches, course climate, and student confidence. A three-part student survey instrument was developed to gather information about the course, physics self-efficacy, and demographics. Demographic information included math background, ACT score, GPA, race/ethnicity, age, sex, and major. Question and answer, collaborative learning, conceptual problems, electronic applications, and inquiry labs were found to make significant, unique contributions to self-efficacy and/or classroom climate.

Fencl, Heidi S.; Scheel, Karen R.

2012-01-20

124

Case studies of community college non-science majors: Effects of self-regulatory interventions on biology self-efficacy and biological literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Science literacy has been at the heart of current reform efforts in science education. The focus on developing essential skills needed for individual ability to be literate in science has been at the forefront of most K--12 science curricula. Reform efforts have begun to stretch into the postsecondary arena as well, with an ever increasing dialogue regarding the need for attention to science literacy by college students, especially non-science majors. This study set out to investigate how the use of self-regulatory interventions (specifically, goal setting, concept mapping, and reflective writing) affected student biology self-efficacy and biological literacy. This study employed a qualitative research design, analyzing three case studies. Participants in the study received ten self-regulatory interventions as a set of portfolio assignments. Portfolio work was qualitatively analyzed and coded for self-efficacy, as well as evidence of biological literacy. A biology self-efficacy survey was administered pre- and post- to provide a means of self-efficacy data triangulation. Literacy data was supported via a biological literacy rubric, constructed specifically for this study. Results indicated that mastery experiences were the source of biology self-efficacy. Self-efficacy for specific tasks increased over time, and changes in self-efficacy were corroborated by the self-efficacy survey. Students were found to express biological literacy at nominal, functional, or conceptual levels depending on the specific task. This was supported by data from the biological literacy rubric scores. Final conclusions and implications for the study indicated the need for further research with more samples of students in similar and different contexts. Given the fact that the literature in this area is sparse, the results obtained here have only begun to delve into this area of research. Generalization to other biology courses or contexts outside of the one presented in this study was cautioned until future studies can be conducted.

Maurer, Matthew J.

125

Is a strong sense of self-efficacy always beneficial?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of self-efficacy, introduced by Albert Bandura, has received a lot of attention in psychological research. This comes as no surprise, as it encompasses a person's beliefs about his or her capabilities to successfully do what is necessary for desired goals, which is a central mechanism in human agency. The concept has been linked to many outcomes (e.g. motivation and performance, almost exclusively yielding positive results. Recently, however, arguments have risen that a strong sense of selfefficacy may not always be as beneficial as presumed until now. In this article, I review the core of the positive literature on self-efficacy and highlight studies that question and oppose the dominance of these positive self-efficacy associations. Implications for future research, emphasizing the need of a different research approach, are mentioned.

Thomas VERHAEREN

2012-01-01

126

Religiosity, self-efficacy for exercise, and African American women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical inactivity among African American women persists despite health promotion efforts targeting this population. In the African American faith community, thinking patterns related to personal versus divine control over health status could affect self-efficacy beliefs and physical activity behavior. Religiosity, a determinate of self-efficacy for exercise, is influenced by culture. This exploratory pilot study assessed the psychometric properties and relevance of selected study instruments and relationships among the study variables in African American women recruited through a rural church. Findings indicated a trend toward significance among study variables and that the God Locus of Health Control and Physical Exercise Self-Efficacy Scales were reliable for capturing attitudes about ability to engage in physical activity and religiosity in this sample. Six of the twenty-five women recruited failed to complete the Stanford Brief Activity Survey for Work and Leisure Time Activity correctly, suggesting the need to revise instructions prior to future instrument administration. PMID:20842529

Robinson, Bridget K; Wicks, Mona Newsome

2012-09-01

127

Comparación intergeneracional del machismo sexual y conductas de autoeficacia / Intergenerational Comparison of Sexual Machismo and Self-efficacy Behaviors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La presente investigación tomó como marco de referencia la teoría de la autoeficacia de Bandura, la clasificación en cuatro grupos generacionales (silenciosos, baby boomers, X, milenio) con base en los planteamientos de Bickel y Brown, (2005); Sánchez (2008), así como la definición de machismo de Ca [...] stañeda (2002, 2007). Lo anterior para dar respuesta a los objetivos de evaluar diferencias entre grupos generacionales en las variables autoeficacia en el uso del condón, autoeficacia para evitar conductas de riesgo y machismo, y establecer las diferencias dentro de cada grupo generacional. Se evaluó a un total de 565 personas. Los principales resultados reflejan que las variables de autoeficacia muestran un mayor puntaje conforme avanzan las generaciones, observando que las generaciones más jóvenes presentan mayor autoeficacia. En cuanto al machismo, se encontró nivel equivalente entre la generación milenio y la X, así como entre la generación milenio y los baby boomers. Se discuten los resultados en su utilidad para establecer programas de prevención. Abstract in english This research took as a framework the self-efficacy theory of Bandura, the classification into four generational groups (Silent, Baby-Boomers, X and Millennium)based on the approach of Bickel and Brown, (2005); Sanchez (2008), and others cited by them; and the definition of machismo by Castañeda (20 [...] 02, 2007). This in order to respond to the proposed objectives of find differences between generational groups on self-efficacy in condom use, self-efficacy to avoid risky behaviors and machismo, and establish differences within each age group. The analysis was made with 565 persons. The main result show that self-efficacy variables show a higher score as the generation progress, noting that younger generations have higher self-efficacy. As for sexism, equivalent score was found between Millennium and X generation and among the Millennium and Baby-Boomers. Results are discussed in its utility to establish prevention programs.

Cecilia Lourdes, Díaz-Rodríguez; Mónica Teresa, González Ramírez.

2012-08-01

128

Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Fear of falling (FOF is common in Parkinson's disease (PD, and it is considered a vital aspect of comprehensive balance assessment in PD. FOF can be conceptualized differently. The Falls-Efficacy Scale (FES assesses fall-related self-efficacy, whereas the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE assesses activity avoidance due to the risk of falling. This study aimed at investigating the validity and reliability of FES and SAFFE in people with PD. Methods Seventy-nine people with PD (mean age; 64 years, SD 7.2 completed the Swedish version of FES(S, SAFFE and the physical functioning (PF scale of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. FES(S and SAFFE were administered twice, with an 8.8 (SD 2.3 days interval. Assumptions for summing item scores into total scores were examined and score reliability (Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability were calculated. Construct validity was assessed by examining the pattern of Spearman correlations (rs between the FES(S/SAFFE and other variables, and by examining differences in FES(S/SAFFE scores between fallers and non-fallers, genders, and between those reporting FOF and unsteadiness while turning. Results For both scales, item mean scores (and standard deviations were roughly similar and corrected item-total correlations exceeded 0.4. Reliabilities were ?0.87. FES(S-scores correlated strongest (rs, -0.74, p s, -0.76, p s ? 0.08. Experiencing falls, unsteadiness while turning, and FOF was associated with lower fall-related self-efficacy and higher activity avoidance. Conclusions This study provides initial support for the score reliability and validity of the FES(S and SAFFE in people with PD.

Drake Anna-Maria

2010-10-01

129

Peculiarities of ?areer Self-efficacy of Young Basketball Players  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is focused on career self-efficacy of young (15–16 and 17–18 years old basketball players. The total number of participants was 116 basketball players, aged 15–16 and 108, aged 17–18. The questionnaire method (Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale was used in the study. It has found that career of young basketball players, aged 17–18 if compared to the ones, aged 15–16 (p <0.05 is chiefly based on the vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, positive emotional arousal and good breeding.

Romualdas K. Malinauskas

2012-01-01

130

Self-efficacy, attendance, and weight loss in obesity treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is an important predictor of treatment outcomes for a variety of addictive behaviors. However, little research is available regarding its predictive value in obesity treatment. We assessed the predictive validity of the 20-item version of the Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire (WEL) in a consecutive sample of 109 obese adults seeking outpatient treatment at a university-based weight-management center. Although the WEL demonstrated a stable factor structure and sound psychometric properties, it failed to correlate with either program attendance or weight loss. We concluded that self-efficacy judgments (as measured by the WEL) are not predictive of short-term obesity treatment outcomes. PMID:9290865

Fontaine, K R; Cheskin, L J

1997-01-01

131

English Language Teachers’ Knowledge and their Self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present research aims at exploring the relationship between novice English teachers' knowledge and their self-efficacy. A teacher knowledge test and an efficacy questionnaire were administered to 55 novice English teachers. The data were gathered from male and female novice teachers teaching at language institutes in Tehran with ages between 20 and 25. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between English Teachers Knowledge Test (TKT and their self-efficacy. The results are discussed in the light of previous findings.

Azadeh Zakeri

2011-03-01

132

Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

133

The Role of Informal Science Centers in Science Education: Attitudes, Skills, and Self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Informal learning relates to activities that occur outside the school environment. These learning environments, such as visits to science centers provide valuable motivational opportunities for students to learn science. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the pre-academic center in science education and particularly to explore its effects on 750 middle-school students' attitudes toward science, their scientific thinking skills and self-efficacy. Pre and post-case based questionnaires were designed to assess the students’ higher order thinking skills – inquiry, graphing, and argumentation. In addition, a five-point Likert scale questionnaire was used to assess students' attitudes and self-efficacy. The research results indicated a positive effect of the pre-academic science center activities on scientific thinking skills. A significant improvement in the students' inquiry and graphing skills was found, yet non significant differences were found in argumentation skill. The students significantly improved their ability to ask research questions based on reading a scientific text, and to describe and analyze research results that were presented graphically. While no significant differences were found between girls and boys in the pre-questionnaire, in the post-questionnaire the girls' scores in inquiry skill were significantly higher than boys' scores. Increases in students' positive attitudes toward science and self-efficacy were found but the results were not statistically significant. However, the program length was found to be an important variable that affects achievement of educational goals. A three-dimension-based framework is suggested to characterize learning environments: organizational, psychological, and pedagogical.

Irit Sasson

2014-09-01

134

Effectiveness of breastfeeding education on the weight of child and self-efficacy of mothers - 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Breastfeeding is the most natural and essential way for feeding newborn babies. This is an ideal approach for physical and emotional development of babies, as well as for the recovery of mothers. This study was aimed to determine the effect of breastfeeding education based on the health belief model (HBM) toward primiparous women. Materials and Methods: In a case–control group, quasi-experimental study, 88 subjects were allocated in control and experimental groups. Subjects who were assigned to the experimental group were provided a program consisting of group education based on HBM during their prenatal period. Instrument for data gathering was made by the researchers and standard questionnaire from Dennis and Faux for Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale (BSES). Baseline interviews were conducted before delivery and follow-up visits were conducted after 30 days and at the fourth month after delivery. Data were analyzed using SPSS (version 16) with c2, independent sample t-tests, and paired t-test. Results: Mean age of pregnant women who participated in the study was 22 ± 3.29 years. After the program, the experimental group had significantly better scores in terms of self-efficacy, knowledge, and attitude scores statistically. In the fourth month, the mean of child weight in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P=0.001) and exclusive breastfeeding was significantly higher than in the control group (P=0.007). Conclusion: Prenatal education in this study based on HBM was successful, and knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and related indicators improved. The necessity of producing standard education package and education of pregnant mothers, especially in their first pregnancy, by health professionals is perceived. PMID:23555114

Kamran, Aziz; Shrifirad, Gholamreza; Mirkarimi, Seyed Kamal; Farahani, Abbas

2012-01-01

135

Multidimensional Self-Efficacy and Affect in Wheelchair Basketball Players  

Science.gov (United States)

In the current study, variables grounded in social cognitive theory with athletes with disabilities were examined. Performance, training, resiliency, and thought control self-efficacy, and positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect were examined with wheelchair basketball athletes (N = 79). Consistent with social cognitive theory, weak to strong…

Martin, Jeffrey J.

2008-01-01

136

Factors Affecting Students' Self-Efficacy in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers working in educational settings are increasingly paying attention to the role students' thoughts and beliefs play in the learning process. Self-efficacy, a key element of social cognitive theory, appears to be an important variable because it affects students' motivation and learning. This article investigates empirical literature…

van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien

2011-01-01

137

Reading and Writing Self-Efficacy of Incarcerated Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is the first to examine the Reading and Writing Self-Efficacy Scale among incarcerated adults. The aim was to examine whether performance of reading and spelling tests (Reading Speed, Nonsense Words and Spelling) explained individual differences in the participants' efficacy beliefs in reading and writing. Six hundred subjects rated…

Jones, Lise Oen; Varberg, Jeanette; Manger, Terje; Eikeland, Ole-Johan; Asbjornsen, Arve

2012-01-01

138

Self-Efficacy and Latina Leaders in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2008, minorities represented only 16% of all senior administrators at institutions of higher learning and very few Hispanic women have made it to the "executive suites" of academia (Bridges et al., 2008). The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the self-efficacy of Hispanic women in leadership positions at higher education…

Montas-Hunter, Sonja S.

2012-01-01

139

Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change  

Science.gov (United States)

This research presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of "self-efficacy". (Editor/RK)

Bandura, Albert

1977-01-01

140

Evidence for a Multidimensional Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This series of three studies considers the multidimensionality of exercise self-efficacy by examining the psychometric characteristics of an instrument designed to assess three behavioral subdomains: task, scheduling, and coping. In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis revealed the expected factor structure in a sample of 395 students.…

Rodgers, W. M.; Wilson, P. M.; Hall, C. R.; Fraser, S. N.; Murray, T. C.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Diversity Training: Analysis of the Impact of Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the importance of diversity in organizations is widely recognized, diversity training is under attack. Drawing from self-efficacy theory and research, we developed a questionnaire to measure one's efficacy of successfully coping with widely recognized diversity initiatives. Then we conducted a study examining the effect of…

Combs, Gwendolyn M.; Luthans, Fred

2007-01-01

142

Self-Efficacy Development in School Leaders: An Alternate Paradigm  

Science.gov (United States)

Although self-efficacy is an area of self-cognition that has been well explored in psychology, teacher education and business management, it has not been investigated or related to school leadership. In this article the author presents an example of how her administrative credential students developed greater efficacy perceptions through a…

Ketelle, Diane

2005-01-01

143

Parent Self-Efficacy Mediates the Impact of Family Intervention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-appraisals are thought to play an important role in a number of youth problem behaviors. Self-perceived competence in the parental role may be an important mediator of family interventions. The purpose of the study described was to determine whether parental self-efficacy is causally related to effective child rearing. To do so, the authors…

MacPhee, David; Miller-Heyl, Jan

144

Choosing with confidence: Self-efficacy and preferences for choice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Previous research on the role of choice set size in decision making has focused on decision outcomes and satisfaction. In contrast, little is known about interindividual differences in preferences for larger versus smaller choice sets, let alone the causes of such differences. Drawing on self-efficacy theory, two studies examined the role of decision-making self-efficacy in preferences for choice. Using a correlational approach, Study 1 (n = 89 found that decision-making self-efficacy was positively associated with preferences for choice across a range of consumer decisions. This association was found both between- and within-subjects. Study 2 (n = 65 experimentally manipulated decision-making self-efficacy for an incentive-compatible choice among photo printers. Preferences for choice and pre-choice information seeking were significantly lower in a low-efficacy condition compared to a high-efficacy condition and a control group. Future research directions and implications for decision-making theory and public policy are discussed.

Andrew E. Reed

2012-03-01

145

The Relationship between Computer Anxiety and Computer Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy of students and teachers in elementary and secondary schools. The sample included a total of 845 subjects from two private school systems in Turkey. The Oetting's Computer Anxiety Scale was used to measure computer anxiety whereas the Murphy's Computer…

Simsek, Ali

2011-01-01

146

Factors determining self-efficacy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Level of impaired activities of daily living due to respiratory limitation and the number of years since diagnosis are independent variables that predict self-efficacy, or level of confidence in engaging specific behaviors that lead to specific desired outcomes in COPD.

Deniz Inal-Ince

2005-04-01

147

The role of coaching and self-efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increasingly companies seek to enhance employee entrepreneurial behaviour. In this study we explore how coaching first reduces role conflicts associated with acting entrepreneurial and at the same time improving efficiency and reducing failure and secondly increases the entrepreneurial self-efficacy of employees. Building on previous conceptual and empirical studies on intrapreneurship, social psychology and human resource management we formulate several hypotheses concerning t...

Wakkee, Ingrid; Elfring, Tom; Monaghan, Sylvia

2008-01-01

148

Can Process Portfolios Affect Students' Writing Self-Efficacy?  

Science.gov (United States)

Can process portfolios that support students in goal setting, reflection, self-evaluation and feedback have a positive impact on students' writing self-efficacy? This article presents the findings of a yearlong study conducted in three 4th grade elementary classes in Cyprus where paper-based and web-based portfolios were implemented to help…

Nicolaidou, Iolie

2012-01-01

149

Loss of Parenting Self-Efficacy among Immigrant Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

The early settlement experiences of immigrant parents of young children arriving in Canada make it difficult for them to meet their young children's physiological, social and emotional needs, or to help them navigate the structures of their new environment. They lose their sense of self-efficacy in their parenting role in the face of rapid…

Ali, Mehrunnisa Ahmad

2008-01-01

150

Self-efficacy scale for teachers”-Preliminary study-  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to introduce “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” into scientific field in order to evaluate teachers’ opinions on their self-efficacy. This study which is conducted to develop “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” aims at making clear the contribution of teacher behaviour to psychological measuring as well as providing support for psychometric studies which have recently become popular. In order to determine the self-efficacy of teachers, 3 experts who have a good command on the field and work in education sector put forward 20 items after having discussed on them and later they reduced them to 13 items. Then, 5 point likert scale comprising of 13 items was prepared. 3 experts who have a good command on the field removed 5 items of the scale which are not suitable for self-efficacy, which cannot define self-efficacy and whose scale set up could not be formed properly. Finally, 8 items remained in the scale, which is also the final state of it. Upon reducing the scale to 8 items, 50 teachers were applied the 8-item scale. It was investigated that whether the questions are comprehensible and whether there are general problems regarding the questions. Second application started after proving the comprehensibility of the 8 items. 670 teachers from each branch were applied the scale in the second application. 170 teachers were removed from the study as they lacked several questions in the scale. Statistical analyses were carried out on the forms filled out by 500 teachers from each branch. Descriptive Statistics, Pearson’s Correlation Technique, Principal Components Factor Analysis and Cronbach’s Alpha were used for the analyses of the statistics. According to the findings obtained from the analyses, it was found out that there were no inoperative items and all 8 items could be utilized. It was determined that Cronbach’s Alpha, which is an internal consistency coefficient, was .87 and the scale had high reliability coefficient. The scale was under only one factor. Results showed that “Self-efficacy scale for teachers” could be more beneficial when it is applied on a broader group of teachers.

P?nar K?v?lc?m

2013-09-01

151

A longitudinal multilevel model analysis of the within-person and between-person effect of effortful engagement and academic self-efficacy on academic performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from an accelerated longitudinal study, we examined the within-person and between-person effect of effortful engagement and academic self-efficacy on academic performance across students (N=135) in elementary school. Teachers assessed participants' effortful engagement and participants rated their academic self-efficacy once per year for 3 years. Academic performance was assessed through standardized test scores in reading and math. Multilevel models indicated that within-person change in Effortful Engagement and Academic Self-Efficacy scores significantly predicted concomitant within-person change in reading test scores, B=2.71, p=.043, Pseudo-R2=.02 and B=4.72, p=.005, Pseudo-R2=.04, respectively. Participants with higher between-person levels of Effortful Engagement had higher initial reading test scores, B=10.03, p=.001, Pseudo-R2=.09, and math test scores, B=11.20, pAcademic Self-Efficacy showed a faster rate of increase in math test scores across elementary school, B=10.21, p=.036, Pseudo-R2=.25. At the between-person level, Effortful Engagement mediated the association between Academic Self-Efficacy and both reading and math test scores, although no support was found for mediation at the within-person level. Collectively, results suggest that trait-level psychological factors can vary meaningfully within school-aged children and that both within-person change and between-person individual differences in these traits have important consequences for academic performance. PMID:24930821

Galla, Brian M; Wood, Jeffrey J; Tsukayama, Eli; Har, Kim; Chiu, Angela W; Langer, David A

2014-06-01

152

SELF-EFFICACY OF FORMALLY AND NON-FORMALLY TRAINED PUBLIC SECTOR TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main objective of the study was to compare the formally and non-formally trained in-service public sector teachers’ Self-efficacy. Five hypotheses were developed describing no difference in the self-efficacy of formally and non-formally trained teachers to influence decision making, influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and create positive school climate. Teacher Efficacy Instrument (TSES developed by Bandura (2001 consisting of thirty 9-point items was used in the study. 342 formally trained and 255 non-formally trained respondents’ questionnaires were received out of 1500 mailed. The analysis of data revealed that the formally trained public sector teachers are high in their self-efficacy on all the five categories: to influence decision making, to influence school resources, instructional self-efficacy, disciplinary self-efficacy and self-efficacy to create positive school climate.

Muhammad Nadeem ANWAR

2009-07-01

153

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study explores the relationship between Iranian EFL juniors’ self-efficacy beliefs and their employed vocabulary learning strategies. The participants were 50 juniors studying English Translation at University of Sistan & Baluchestan. The self-efficacy and vocabulary learning strategies questionnaires were administered to identify the students’ self-efficacy beliefs and their vocabulary learning strategies. The obtained results revealed that students had rather high level of self-efficacy and that self-efficacy was significantly positively related to their use of the four subcategories of vocabulary learning strategies in general and the use of memory strategies in particular. Highly self-efficacious students reported significantly more use of vocabulary strategies than those with low self-efficacy. The results point out the importance of nurturing learners’ self-efficacy beliefs and its impact on successful learning experiences and achievement.

Farrokhlagha Heidari

2012-01-01

154

Self-efficacy, stress, and acculturation as predictors of first year science success among Latinos at a South Texas university  

Science.gov (United States)

The study tested the hypothesis that self-efficacy, stress, and acculturation are useful predictors of academic achievement in first year university science, independent of high school GPA and SAT scores, in a sample of Latino students at a South Texas Hispanic serving institution of higher education. The correlational study employed a mixed methods explanatory sequential model. The non-probability sample consisted of 98 university science and engineering students. The study participants had high science self-efficacy, low number of stressors, and were slightly Anglo-oriented bicultural to strongly Anglo-oriented. As expected, the control variables of SAT score and high school GPA were statistically significant predictors of the outcome measures. Together, they accounted for 19.80% of the variation in first year GPA, 13.80% of the variation in earned credit hours, and 11.30% of the variation in intent to remain in the science major. After controlling for SAT scores and high school GPAs, self-efficacy was a statistically significant predictor of credit hours earned and accounted for 5.60% of the variation; its unique contribution in explaining the variation in first year GPA and intent to remain in the science major was not statistically significant. Stress and acculturation were not statistically significant predictors of any of the outcome measures. Analysis of the qualitative data resulted in six themes (a) high science self-efficacy, (b) stressors, (c) positive role of stress, (d) Anglo-oriented, (e) bicultural, and (f) family. The quantitative and qualitative results were synthesized and practical implications were discussed.

McNamara, Mark W.

155

Validação da Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale para a língua portuguesa Chronic Pain Self-Efficacy Scale portuguese validation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A crença de auto-eficácia relaciona-se com a percepção da dor e com a funcionalidade física e psíquica dos doentes. O objetivo deste estudo foi validar para a língua portuguesa a Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale. A amostra foi de 132 pacientes com dor crônica de etiologia variada. A validade da escala em língua portuguesa foi confirmada pela análise fatorial, que manteve os três domínios e os 22 itens da escala original; a variância explicada foi de 60,8%. A confiabilidade, analisada pelo alfa de Cronbach, variou entre 0,76 e 0,92 para os domínios e foi de 0,94 para a escala total. A validade convergente, verificada por meio da comparação entre a Escala de Auto-Eficácia para Dor Crônica (AEDC e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (IDB mostrou correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa. Este estudo disponibiliza para a língua portuguesa um instrumento válido e confiável para a avaliação da auto-eficácia de pacientes com dor crônica.The self-efficacy belief relates to pain perception and physical and psychiatric functionality. The goal of this study was to validate to the Portuguese language the Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale (CPSS. The subjects were 132 chronic pain patients with pain from several etiologies. The scale validity in the Portuguese language was confirmed by factor analyzis, which maintained the 3 factors and 22 items of the original scale; the accounted variance was 60,8%. The reliability, analyzed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, were 0,76 - 0,92 to the factors and 0,94 to the total scale. The convergent validity, verified by the comparison with the Portuguese version of the Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale and Beck Depression Inventory (IDB showed significantly negative correlation. This study made available to the Portuguese language a valid and reliable instrument to assess self-efficacy in chronic pain patients.

Marina de Góes Salvetti

2005-07-01

156

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Stress among Iranian EFL Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated the relationship between self- efficacy and stress among 108 EFL teachers in Iran. The participants were administered self-efficacy and stress questionnaires. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression analyses were used. The results indicated significant negative correlation between self efficacy and stress. Also it was found that both dimensions of self-efficacy, namely, classroom and organizational efficacies, either collectively or separately, could...

Nasser Fallah; Shahin Vaezi

2011-01-01

157

The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Stress among Iranian EFL Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the relationship between self- efficacy and stress among 108 EFL teachers in Iran. The participants were administered self-efficacy and stress questionnaires. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression analyses were used. The results indicated significant negative correlation between self efficacy and stress. Also it was found that both dimensions of self-efficacy, namely, classroom and organizational efficacies, either collectively or separately, could predict stress among EFL teachers. Implications of the study are discussed.

Shahin Vaezi

2011-09-01

158

Modeling the Interrelationships among Pre-Service Science Teachers' Understanding and Acceptance of Evolution, Their Views on Nature of Science and Self-Efficacy Beliefs regarding Teaching Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

This study proposed a path model of relationships among understanding and acceptance of evolution, views on nature of science, and self-efficacy beliefs regarding teaching evolution. A total of 415 pre-service science teachers completed a series of self-report instruments for the specified purpose. After the estimation of scale scores using…

Akyol, Gulsum; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Traynor, Anne

2012-01-01

159

Balance, Falls-Related Self-Efficacy, and Psychological Factors amongst Older Women with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Preliminary Case-Control Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To investigate balance functions in older women and evaluate the association of the fear-avoidance beliefs model (FABM) factors with balance and mobility performance. Participants. Fifteen older women with CLBP was compared with age-matched pain-free controls (n = 15). Main Outcome Measures. Pain intensity, falls-related self-efficacy and intrinsic constructs in the FABM were evaluated. Postural steadiness (centre of pressure (COP)) and mobility functions were assessed. Linear relationships of FABM variables with COP and mobility score were estimated. Results. CLBP showed lower mobility score compared to controls. CLBP presented lower falls-related self-efficacy and it was associated with reduced mobility scores. FABM variables and falls-related self-efficacy were correlated with postural steadiness. Physical activity was reduced in CLBP, but no between-group difference was evident for knee extensor strength. No systematic linkages were observed between FABM variables with mobility score or postural steadiness. Conclusions. Back pain status affects balance and mobility functions in older women. Falls-related self-efficacy is lower in CLBP and is associated with reduced mobility. Disuse syndrome in CLBP elderly is partly supported by the results of this preliminary study. PMID:22937276

Champagne, Annick; Prince, Francois; Bouffard, Vicky; Lafond, Danik

2012-01-01

160

Sex Differences in Performance Attributions, Self-Efficacy, and Achievement in Mathematics: If I'm So Smart, Why Don't I Know It?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we tested the claim that sex differences in mathematics achievement are related to boys' and girls' differing achievement-related beliefs. We compared the mathematics report card grades, 2001 Foundation Skills Assessment (FSA) Numeracy subtest scores, performance attributions, and self-efficacy of 161 British Columbian public school…

Lloyd, Jennifer E. V.; Walsh, John; Yailagh, Manizheh Shehni

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Parenting Effects on Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Late Adolescence and How Those Factors Impact Adjustment to College  

Science.gov (United States)

Approximately three months before starting college, 203 high school seniors completed a questionnaire consisting of the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) assessing their parents' parenting styles. The PAQ yielded scores on three parenting styles originally proposed by…

Smith, Gregory J

2007-01-01

162

An Investigation of Factors Related to Self-Efficacy for Java Programming among Engineering Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors related to self-efficacy for Java programming among first year engineering students. An instrument assessing Java programming self-efficacy was developed from the computer programming self-efficacy scale of Ramalingam & Wiedenbeck. The instrument was administered at the beginning of the course…

Askar, Petek; Davenport, David

2009-01-01

163

Exploring Baccalaureate Social Work Students' Self-Efficacy: Did It Change over Time?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored baccalaureate social work students' self-efficacy at a rural southern university. Bandura's concept of self-efficacy is used as a theoretical base for the study. Students (N = 43) in introductory social work courses and in the field practicum course completed the Foundation Practice Self Efficacy Scale. Following The Council on…

Ahn, Bonnie; Boykin, Lolita; Hebert, Corie; Kulkin, Heidi

2012-01-01

164

Self-Efficacy and Stress of Staff Managing Challenging Behaviours of People with Learning Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy has been reported to play a significant role in stress levels of parents facing challenging behaviours of their children with learning disabilities. The role of self-efficacy has also been found to affect the stress levels of professional caregivers in such situations. To understand the implications of staff self-efficacy in…

Cudre-Mauroux, Annick

2011-01-01

165

Relations between Informational Sources, Self-Efficacy and Academic Achievement: A Developmental Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

As a cognitive-motivational construct, self-efficacy has been researched extensively and has involved two important lines of inquiries, namely the impact of sources of information on self-efficacy and the predictive effect of self-efficacy on learning outcomes. We proposed and tested the relations between the four major sources of information…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2012-01-01

166

Self-Efficacy of College Intermediate French Students: Relation to Achievement and Motivation  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this investigation was to examine the influence of self-efficacy and other motivational self-beliefs on the achievement of college intermediate French students (N= 303). Self-efficacy for self-regulation was a stronger predictor of intermediate French language achievement than were self-efficacy to obtain grades in French, French…

Mills, Nicole; Pajares, Frank; Herron, Carol

2007-01-01

167

Sources of Writing Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Elementary, Middle, and High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of Albert Bandura's four hypothesized sources of self-efficacy on students' writing self-efficacy beliefs (N = 1256) and to explore how these sources differ as a function of gender and academic level (elementary, middle, high). Consistent with the tenets of self-efficacy theory, each of the…

Pajares, Frank; Johnson, Margaret J.; Usher, Ellen L.

2007-01-01

168

Self-Efficacy as Related to Career Aspirations Based on the Educational Quality Assessment Inventory.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study examined the relationship between the self-efficacy and career aspirations of 37,942 11th-grade students across the state of Pennsylvania. Using Albert Bandura's theory of self-efficacy, which states that the level and strength of self-efficacy of an individual will determine (1) whether or not the individual will initiate coping behavior,…

Dentler, Donna J.

169

Supervision and Increasing Self-Efficacy in the Therapist-Trainee.  

Science.gov (United States)

This work includes a discussion of the concept of self-efficacy, originally introduced by Albert Bandura, as it pertains to the therapist-trainee. Therapist self-efficacy has only recently gained attention theoretically as well as empirically. Measures used to assess the self-efficacy of the therapist are highlighted as well as factors…

Shanklin, Jennifer E.

170

An Investigation of Early Childhood Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs in the Teaching of Arts Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The self-efficacy beliefs teachers hold about their ability to teach subjects shapes their competence in teaching. Teacher self-efficacy is defined as teacher beliefs in their ability to perform a teaching task. If teachers have strong teacher self-efficacy in the teaching of arts education, they are more likely to incorporate arts in the…

Garvis, Susanne; Pendergast, Donna

2011-01-01

171

Developing a Measurement Tool for Assessing Physiotherapy Students' Self-Efficacy: A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research was to determine if self-efficacy can be correlated with prior academic achievement and whether self-efficacy can be an outcome measure of education. A self-efficacy instrument was developed and administered to physiotherapy students following completion of their pre-clinical theory experience. The questionnaire results…

Jones, Anne; Sheppard, Lorraine

2012-01-01

172

Principals' Self-Efficacy: Relations with Job Autonomy, Job Satisfaction, and Contextual Constraints  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to explore relations between principals' self-efficacy, perceived job autonomy, job satisfaction, and perceived contextual constraints to autonomy. Principal self-efficacy was measured by a multidimensional scale called the Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale. Job autonomy, job satisfaction, and contextual…

Federici, Roger A.

2013-01-01

173

Principal Self-Efficacy: Relations with Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Motivation to Quit  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore relations between principals' self-efficacy, burnout, job satisfaction and principals' motivation to quit. Principal self-efficacy was measured by a recently developed multidimensional scale called the Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale. Burnout was measured by a modified version of the Maslach Burnout…

Federici, Roger A.; Skaalvik, Einar M.

2012-01-01

174

Job Search Self-Efficacy of East Asian International Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a sample of 86 East Asian international graduate students, this study examined Bandura's perceived self-efficacy model (1986) in the domain of job search self-efficacy and tested the mediating effects of job search self-efficacy in the relationship between efficacy source variables and job search behaviors. Results show that both performance…

Lin, Yi-Jiun; Flores, Lisa Y.

2013-01-01

175

Developing Academic Self-Efficacy: Strategies to Support Gifted Elementary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is the belief in one's capacity to perform and accomplish goals. Specifically, academic self-efficacy refers to a student's perception of their ability to engage and successfully complete academic tasks. Self-efficacy affects students' behavioral choices, motivation, thought patterns and responses, perception of control, and…

Merriman, Lauren

2012-01-01

176

Persistence at an Urban Community College: The Implications of Self-Efficacy and Motivation  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how self-efficacy and motivation affected student persistence at an urban community college. Self-efficacy was studied at two dimensions: self-regulated learning efficacy and self-efficacy for academic achievement. Motivation was also investigated at two levels: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Results show that…

Liao, Hsiang-Ann; Edlin, Margot; Ferdenzi, Anita Cuttita

2014-01-01

177

Family Background and Academic Achievement: Does Self-Efficacy Mediate Outcomes?  

Science.gov (United States)

Research indicates both family background and self-efficacy influence academic outcomes; however, family background also impacts self-efficacy development. The purpose of the current study was to establish whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between family background and academic achievement. Results indicated family background…

Weiser, Dana A.; Riggio, Heidi R.

2010-01-01

178

Perceived Barriers and Self-efficacy: Impact on Self-care Behaviors in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1":*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0pt 5.4pt 0pt 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Background & Aim: Regarding the importance of determining the determinants of diabetes self-care, this study aimed to examine two major determinants of self-care activities, i.e. perceived barriers, and perceived self-efficacy among type two diabetic patients in Tehran, Iran. "n"n Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 128 patients were recruited to the study using convenience sampling. The validated diabetes instruments were completed by the patients. The included participants aged older than 18 years. Data were analyzed using bivariate correlation and path analysis. "n"n Results: The mean score of the perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy were 3.05 and 2.18, respectively. The maximum score of self-care was 4.18. There was a positive correlation between self-efficacy and the self-care (r=0.22; P<0.01. Positive correlations were also found between education with self-efficacy and self-care (r=0.28; P<0.05, (r=0.29; P<0.05. There was a negative correlation between perceived barriers and self-care behaviors (r=-0.68; P<0.000. Using serial multiple regressions and path analysis, we had a final model (RMSEA=0.05; GFI=0.95; CFI=0.98; P=0.44; and Chi-Square=26.5. This model showed that perceived barriers were the strongest predictor for self-care behaviors. Perceived barriers mediated the effect of self-efficacy on the self-care behaviors. "n"n Conclusion: The intervention efforts that address the studied determinants related to self-care behavior could potentially impact type two diabetic patients' self-care activities. These determinants should be mentioned in the program developing."n"n  "n"n Key words: self efficacy, self-care, diabetes mellitus, determinants

E Shakibazadeh

2009-01-01

179

Effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence and exercise self-efficacy in community-dwelling older persons.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. This study determines the effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence (step counts) and level of exercise self-efficacy (ESE) in community-dwelling older persons. Methods. Sixty-three participants (age = 63.8 ± 4.5 years) were enrolled in this controlled quasi-experimental study. They were divided into 3 groups: (1) EBG performed a 6-week exercise intervention followed by a 5-week behavioral program, (2) EG performed exercise intervention similar to EBG, and (3) control group (CG) did not receive any interventions. Step counts were measured based on the scores recorded by a pedometer while ESE was measured by a self-reported ESE scale. Results. Data analysis showed significant differences due to time effect (F(1,2) = 39.884, P exercising alone on increasing exercise adherence and level of self-efficacy in older persons. PMID:24489539

Azizan, Azliyana; Justine, Maria; Kuan, Chua Siew

2013-01-01

180

Mathematically precocious and female: Self-efficacy and STEM course choices among high achieving middle grade students  

Science.gov (United States)

The problem addressed in this project is the lack of mathematically gifted females choosing to pursue advanced science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses in secondary education due to deficiencies in self-efficacy. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of a child-guided robotics program as it relates to the self-efficacy of mathematically gifted 6th grade female students and their future course choices in the advanced STEM content areas. This mixed-model study utilized a STEM attitude survey, artifacts, interviews, field notes, and standardized tests as measurement tools. Significance was found between genders in the treatment group for the standardized science scores, indicating closure in the achievement gap. Research suggests that STEM enrichment is beneficial for mathematically gifted females.

Burt, Stacey M.

 
 
 
 
181

The Impact of Multimedia Education on Knowledge and Self-efficacy among Parents of Children with Asthma: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Asthma is one of the most common chronic disease among children, and is considered as a global health problem. According to the guidelines of childhood Asthma, parental education in order to improve their knowledge and self-efficacy should be considered in clinical care. Therefore, this study was performed with the purpose of investigating the influence of multimedia education on knowledge and self-efficacy of the parents of children with Asthma. Methods: This study is a clinical trial which was carried out on 50 parents of children with Asthma. Data collection instrument included the demographic questionnaires, assessing knowledge and self-efficacy of the parents of children with Asthma. Reliability and validity of the instruments were assessed and the multimedia education was carried out for the experimental group. Data analysis was done using SPSS 13 and descriptive inferential statistical tests (independent t-test and Mann-Whitney). Results: History of Asthma was present in majority 52% of the families of the children and 54% reported smoking in their home. The average scores of knowledge and self-efficacy of the study samples in the experimental group showed an increase after multimedia education methods, so that there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: The results obtained in this study also demonstrate that educating parents through multimedia technology increase their knowledge and self–efficacy in their care of children.

Zarei, Ahmad Reza; Jahanpour, Faezeh; Alhani, Fatemeh; Razazan, Najmeh; Ostovar, Afshin

2014-01-01

182

Impact of Self Efficacy on Innovative Behaviour Pharmacist in Hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hospitals are always required in order to improve the quality of service in accordance with professional standards in accordance with their code of ethics. Therefore, health workers in hospitals, especially pharmacists, are required to continuously improve its service to the community. To improve health services to the community, then the pharmacist must interact and be accepted by other professional health personnel in hospitals. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of self-efficacy pharmacist in a hospital organization that became an impact on innovative behavior. This study used an obsevational quantitative measurement using questionnaire instrument. The results measured by number consist of value, rank, and frequencies were analyzed using statistics software smartPLS to answer the research question or hypothesis to predict a particular variable affects another variable. The results showed that effect between self-efficacy of behavioral innovations in the hospital pharmacist significantly different. A pharmacist who has high self-efficacy will obviously have the higher innovation behavior in hospitals.

Sri M. Wahyuningrum

2012-06-01

183

The Challenge of Transcultural Diversities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The economic and social dynamics of globalisation have brought with them a new kind of migration movement that can no longer be approached within the traditional framework of the Nation-State and its limits. Starting from the idea of the importance of transcultural diversity as a democratic social resource that should be emphasised and preserved through cultural political intervention, the author of the article stresses the need for a change of paradigm in drafting cultural policies. The case of Europe is a clear example of the process of complexisation and diversification of this transnational space and of the need for the continuation of the process of Europeisation for some kind of accommodation between national and cosmopolitan principles. In this way, the author –basing his argument on reports from the Council of Europe– calls for a transnational cultural policy to defend transcultural diversity; a policy in which the Council will have to play a key role.

Kevin Robins

2008-09-01

184

Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Barriers on the Low-Iodine Diet among Thyroid Cancer Patients Preparing for Radioactive Iodine Therapy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purposes of the study were to assess knowledge, self-efficacy, and perceived barriers on a low-iodine diet among thyroid cancer patients and to identify strategies for nutrition education. A self-administered questionnaire was developed based on a review of literature and pilot-tested. A total of 121 female thyroid cancer patients participated in a survey and 117 responses were used for data analysis. An average knowledge score of the thyroid cancer patients was 4.5 point (available score: 0-10 point). Majority of the respondents knew that seaweeds such as lavers, brown seaweeds, and sea tangles contain large amount of iodine. However they mistook the low iodine diet as a low salt diet and were not aware of foods and seasonings that are allowed on the low iodine diet. While self-efficacy related to consuming various fruits and vegetables, to choosing potatoes and sweet potatoes for snacks, and restricting consumption of eggs, milk and milk products, and processed foods was rated highly, self-efficacy for preparing foods without using sea salts was rated low. The self-efficacy score increased as their interest on the dietary life and perceived cooking skills were greater. Most perceived barriers toward practicing the low iodine diet were related to preparation of the low iodine menus. As their interest in the dietary life and cooking and perceived cooking skills were greater, the patients perceived barriers on practicing the low iodine diet less. While the patients showed higher self-efficacy and lower barrier perception on selecting foods low in iodine and restricting food high in iodine, they showed lower self-efficacy and higher barrier perceptions on preparing low iodine meals. Clinical dietitians should recognize the gap between what the patients should know and what they really know and identify strategies on how to improve self-efficacy and reduce perceived barriers on the low iodine diet. Recent literature and the findings of the study reveal that incorporating cooking classes into nutrition education for thyroid patients is effective to enhance self-efficacy and to reduce perceived barriers on the low iodine diet. PMID:23430156

Moon, Jeong-Ah; Yoo, Chang-Hee; Kim, Mi Hwa; Lee, Song Mi; Oh, Young Ja; Ryu, Young Hoon; Lee, Yong Sang; Chang, Hang Seok; Park, Cheong Soo

2012-01-01

185

Europe - Space for Transcultural Existence?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Europe - Space for Transcultural Existence? is the first volume of the new series, Studies in Euroculture, published by Göttingen University Press. The series derives its name from the Erasmus Mundus Master of Excellence Euroculture: Europe in the Wider World, a two year programme offered by a consortium of eight European universities in collaboration with four partner universities outside Europe. This master highlights regional, national and supranational dimensions of the European democrat...

2013-01-01

186

Reliability and validity of the continence self-efficacy scale in Turkish women with urinary incontinence.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale. Data was collected from 128 women who had urinary incontinence using the following instruments: the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale, the Broome Pelvic Muscle Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis and convergent and divergent validity analyses. The reliability of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was examined in terms of internal consistency and test-retest correlations. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a three -factor model that had acceptable goodness-of-fit indices. The convergent validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was supported by a positive correlation between the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale and the Broome Pelvic Muscle Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale. The divergent validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was supported by negative relationships between the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. The Cronbach's alpha values regarding internal consistency were 0.94 for the overall scale and 0.92-0.93 for the subscales. Test-retest correlations were 0.75 for the overall scale and 0.52-0.74 for the subscales. The Continence Self-Efficacy Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for use in Turkish women with urinary incontinence. PMID:22632069

Zengin, Neriman; Pinar, Rukiye

2012-09-01

187

An Investigation into Iranian EFL Learners’ Level of Writing Self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article sets out to examine the relationship between EFL learners’ sense of self-efficacy and their writing achievement. In order to tackle with this question, two self-efficacy questionnaires were employed, English and General self-efficacy. Ninety-three Iranian EFL learners from four different universities in north-eastern part of Iran took part in the study. Pearson correlation and ANOVA were run to analyze the collected data. The findings indicated a significant relationship not only between learners’ writing performance and English self-efficacy beliefs, but also between learners’ writing performance and their General self-efficacy beliefs. It is worth mentioning that English self-efficacy beliefs showed stronger relationship with learners’ writing performance as compared to General self-efficacy.

Azar Hosseini Fatemi

2013-09-01

188

An investigation of the attitudes, anxieties and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics lessons high school students’ in terms of gender, types of school, and students’ grades  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an increasing recognition that mathematics anxiety plays an important role in students’ learning of mathematics and thus, mathematics anxiety has gained heightened awareness by mathematics educators as an important factor in the teaching of mathematics (Bursal & Paznokas, 2006; Thomas & Higbee, 1999; McLeod, 1988; Singh, Granville, & Dika, 2002; Sloan, Daane, & Geisen, 2002; Vinson, 2001; Zettle & Raines, 2000. Math anxiety defined by Richardson & Suinn (1972 as a “feelings of tension and anxiety that interfere with the manipulation of numbers and the solving of mathematical problems in a wide variety of ordinary life and academic situations”. Research demonstrated that the physiological, cognitive, and behavioral consequences of math anxiety may impair life functioning. For example, students who have math anxiety exhibit physiological reactivity to numeric stimuli and have faulty beliefs and negative attitudes regarding their problem solving abilities. These students also may avoid environment and careers that require utilization of math skills, and will sacrifice accuracy for speed when performing numeric tasks (Ashcraft & Kirk, 2001. Purpose and significanceThe purpose of this research is to examine whether there is a significant difference between the attitudes, anxieties, and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics lessons high school students’ in terms of gender, types of school and students’ grades. It is very important to reveal relationships between attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs to develop high school students’ positive attitudes towards mathematics lessons.MethodsIn this study, descriptive research method was conducted. A total of 418 students, from three different school types participated in the study. The schools are Anatolian High School, Vocational High School and Public High School. Three scales were implemented on students to reveal relationships between students’ attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. The results obtained from scales were analyzed with SPSS 13.0.ResultsIt was observed in the findings of study that there are no statistically significant differences between students’ gender and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. But there are statistically significant differences between students’ types of school and students’ grades and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs.Discussion and ConclusionsStudents’ achievements in mathematics lessons are directly related to students’ self-efficacy beliefs, attitudes towards mathematics lessons and anxieties towards mathematics lessons. Students’ mathematics achievements will increase because of students’ high self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons. In this study, there are no statistically significant differences between students’ gender and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. But there are statistically significant differences between students’ types of school and students’ grades and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. While students’ who attended from successful schools- self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons are high, their anxiety levels towards mathematics lessons are low. Besides, it was observed, when students’ grades increase, their self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics lessons get higher and their anxiety levels towards mathematics lessons get lower.

N. ?zzet Kurbano?lu

2012-01-01

189

A Comparison of Brunei and Hong Kong - SAR Student Teachers’ Self-efficacy in Implementing Inclusive Education Practices: Implications for Teacher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The survey compared the scores of 159 (118 females randomly selected Brunei and Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region student teachers on the New General Self-efficacy Scale (NGSS; Self-efficacy in Implementing Inclusive Practices Scale (SIIPS; Sentiments, Attitudes and Concerns about Inclusive Education Scale (SACIES; and Inclusive Classroom Setting Scale (ICSS. The scales were reliable and valid for use with participants in both countries. Females scored significantly higher on NGSS than male counterparts. In addition, Brunei participants scored significantly higher on NGSS and SACIES than Hong Kong peers. Furthermore, the samples’ scores differed significantly on NGSS and SACIES by participants’ educational level with A-Level trainees scoring highest. Moreover, the majority of the participants generally scored high on all the scales. However, Two-Way ANOVA revealed only one independent variable (ICSS with a significant main effect on SIIPS, the dependent variable. Also only one lower-order interaction variable (gender and educational level had a significant joint effect on the dependent variable, SIIPS. Overall, the results indicate a need to increase self-efficacy in males and Hong Kong students. Extra attention and interventions ought to be directed to SACIES and ICSS variables. Mixed-methods research was recommended to gain more comprehensive insights.

Kathleen Tait

2013-12-01

190

Self-Efficacy, State Anxiety, and Motivation during Mandatory Combative Training  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available U.S. Army soldiers (n = 52 attending Instructor Combative Training (ICT courses at two military installations in the US were examined before, during and at the end of the course on self-defense efficacy (SDE, teaching combatives self-efficacy (TCSE, combatives state anxiety (CSA, and motivation. In a quasi-experimental design, a cognitive-behavioral coping intervention targeting combative anxiety was implemented. Two classes (n = 32 constituted the interventions and one class as a control group (n = 20. RM ANOVAs revealed a significant increase in SDE and TCSE across the course for the experimental groups. Specifically, the intervention group soldiers scored lower in CSA during high anxiety driven events and higher in motivation than the control group soldiers along the course progression. The results provide preliminary evidence that a combatives anxiety coping strategy can influence SDE, TCSE, CSA, and motivation during mandatory psychologically demanding training.

Hector R. Morales-Negron

2011-09-01

191

Relationship of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Urban Public School Students to Performance on a High-Stakes Mathematics Test  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of "self-efficacy" for "Enlisting Social Resources, Self-Regulatory Efficacy, self-efficacy" for "Self-Regulated Learning," and "self-efficacy" for "Academic Achievement" (Bandura's Children's "Self-Efficacy Scale," 2006) of urban public school students to performance on the high stakes…

Afolabi, Kolajo A.

2010-01-01

192

Validity of the Turkish version of the medication adherence self-efficacy scale-short form in hypertensive patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Study purpose was to examine the validity of a 13-item short form of the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (MASES-SF in an independent sample of 150 hypertensive Turkish patients.Methods: This is a methodological study and 150 adult patients, who are receiving medication for hypertension in the last one year, were included as the study sample. The sample of the study was chosen with the method of simple random sampling. The study was conducted between October 25, 2010 and December 31, 2010 at Family Health Center (FHC. In this study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used for psychometric evaluation. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to evaluate the reliability of the scale. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis showed that all goodness indexes were at acceptable quality: ?2=61.72, df=65, p>0.05, GFI=0.99, CFI=1.00, RMSA=0.00. Reliability coefficient of the Turkish adaptation of MASES-SF was found as 0.94 and item-total correlations ranged between 0.13 - 0.52. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension had lower self-efficacy scores compared to those with normal blood pressure. Conclusion: This result indicated that the preliminary criterion validity is adequate. Psychometric testing demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and validity of the instrument for patients in the study group. It can be used confidently in determining and testing interventions to improve medication adherence self-efficacy perceptions and behaviors in hypertensive Turkish patients. The MASES-SF is brief, quick to administer, and capture useful data on medication adherence self-efficacy in hypertensive patients.

Rabia Hac?hasano?lu

2012-03-01

193

Development and initial validation of a survey to assess students' self-efficacy in medical school.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is a personal belief in one's capability to successfully execute the behaviors necessary to attain designated types of performances. Sometimes described as task-specific self-confidence, self-efficacy is a key component in many contemporary theories of motivation and learning. The purpose of this study was to develop a survey for measuring students' medical skills self-efficacy and to collect reliability and validity evidence for the instrument. A secondary purpose was to explore differences in students' self-efficacy from year 1 of medical school to year 4. We created 19 survey items based on the 6 core competencies of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and we collected data from 304 medical students. Results from an exploratory factor analysis suggested three interpretable factors: patient care self-efficacy (eight items, Cronbach's alpha = 0.92), interpersonal skills self-efficacy (three items, Cronbach's alpha = 0.76), and evidence-based medicine self-efficacy (three items, Cronbach's alpha = 0.79). We then compared students' self-efficacy at different stages of training using a one-way multivariate analysis of variance. Consistent with our expectations, we found several statistically significant differences, suggesting students' self-efficacy increased considerably from year 1 of medical school to year 4, F(9, 725) = 30.58, p students' medical skills self-efficacy during undergraduate medical education. Practical implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:23029858

Artino, Anthony R; Dong, Ting; DeZee, Kent J; Gilliland, William R; Waechter, Donna M; Cruess, David F; Durning, Steven J

2012-09-01

194

Academic Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teacher Candidates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims determining academic self-efficacy perception of teacher candidates. It is survey model. Population of the study consists of teacher candidates in 2010-2011 academic years at Ahmet Kele?o?lu Education Faculty of Education Formation of Selçuk University. A simple random sample was selected as sampling method and the study was conducted on 312 teacher candidates. The data of this study was obtained by “academic selfefficacy scale” which was developed by Jerusalem and Schwazer (1981 and translated into Turkish by Y?lmaz, Gürçay, and Ekici (2007 and its reliability value was determined as .79. However, Cronbach Alfa reliability value of this scale became .76 with the result of the data analysis of the study. SPSS package program was used to analyze the data; and the data analysis, frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA and post hoc tests (LSD test were used. When the findings of the research were considered in general, the result showed that the academic self-efficacy perception level of the candidates was at desired level. However, teachers' views about the level of academic self-efficacy perception showed that most of them preferred a lower level option "suits me", instead of "totally suits me" option that was the highest degree of participation of four likert-type scale. This illustrated that their perception about this issue was not at a very high level. When independent variables were taken into account, among the academic perception levels of teacher candidates, a significant difference was detected in terms of working as a teacher or not and academic achievement variables but it revealed no significant difference in terms of gender and type of education program variables.

Dr. Etem YE??LYURT

2013-04-01

195

Comparison of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment strategies in promotion of infertility self-efficacy scale in infertile women: A randomized controlled trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The infertility is associated with psychological consequence including depression, and lack of self-efficacy. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacological and no pharmacological strategies in promotion of self-efficacy of infertile women. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 89 infertile women who were recruited from Fatemeh Zahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center and were randomized into three groups; cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT, antidepressant therapy with flouxetine 20 mg daily for 3 month, and a control group. All participants completed Infertility Self-efficacy Inventory (ISE and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI at the beginning and end of the study. Results: The means ISE scores among the CBT, fluoxetine, and control groups at the beginning and end of the study were 6.1±1.6 vs. 7.2±0.9, 6.4±1.4 vs. 6.9±1.3 and 6.1±1.1 vs. 5.9±1.4 respectively. Both CBT and fluoxetine increased the mean of ISE scores more than control group after intervention (p<0.0001, p=0.033; respectively, but increase in the CBT group was significantly greater than flouxetine group. Finally, there was evidence of high infertility self-efficacy for women exposed to the intervention compared with those in the control group. Also, there was an improvement in depression. Both fluoxetine and CBT decreased significantly the mean of BDI scores more than the control group; decrease in the CBT group was significantly more than that in the fluoxetine group. Conclusion: CBT can serve as an effective psychosocial intervention for promoting self-efficacy of infertile women

Hajar Pasha

2013-06-01

196

Developing resident learning profiles: Do scientific evidence epistemology beliefs, EBM self-efficacy beliefs and EBM skills matter?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated resident scientific evidence epistemology beliefs, evidence based medicine (EBM) self-efficacy beliefs, and EBM skills. A convenience sample of fifty-one residents located in six U.S. based residency programs completed an online instrument. Hofer's epistemology survey questionnaire was modified to test responses based on four types of scientific evidence encountered in medical practice (Clinical Trial Phase 1, Clinical Trial Phase 3, Meta-analysis and Qualitative). It was hypothesized that epistemology beliefs would differ based on the type of scientific evidence considered. A principal components analysis produced a two factor solution that was significant across type of scientific evidence suggesting that when evaluating epistemology beliefs context does matter. Factor 1 is related to the certainty of research methods and the certainty of medical conclusions and factor 2 denotes medical justification. For each type of scientific evidence, both factors differed on questions comprising the factor structure with significant differences found for the factor 1 and 2 questions. A justification belief case problem using checklist format was triangulated with the survey results, and as predicted the survey and checklist justification z scores indicated no significant differences, and two new justification themes emerged. Modified versions of Finney and Schraw's statistical self-efficacy and skill instruments produced expected significant EBM score correlations with unexpected results indicating that the number of EBM and statistics courses are not significant for EBM self-efficacy and skill scores. The study results were applied to the construction of a learning profile that provided residents belief and skill feedback specific to individual learning needs. The learning profile design incorporated core values related to 'Believer' populations that focus on art, harmony, tact and diplomacy. Future research recommendations include testing context and case problems in other domains with larger sample sizes, offering belief feedback profiles to understand how individuals value and apply belief knowledge, and conducting belief and skill testing using online access.

Robert, Nancy J.

197

Adolescents' physical activities and peer norms: the mediating role of self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relations among adolescents' self-efficacy and social norms, and physical activity and whether self-efficacy mediated the relationship between social norms and physical activity. 400 junior high school students (202 boys, 198 girls, 2 not identified; M age = 15.3yr., SD = 0.6) completed a demographic questionnaire, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Perceived Self-Efficacy in Physical Activity Scale, and the Physical Activity Social Norms Scale. Regression analyses indicated that both self-efficacy and social norms predicted physical activity. Self-efficacy fully mediated the relationship between peer norms and physical activity for boys but partially mediated the relationship for girls. An application of the results may be to foster self-efficacy and peer norms as a motivational strategy for supporting increased physical activity. PMID:24897873

Lu, Frank J H; Lin, Ju-Han; Hsu, Ya-Wen; Chou, Chien-Chih; Wang, Erica T W; Yeh, Li-Chin

2014-04-01

198

The Effect of Science Teacher Candidates’ Self-Efficacy towards Science Education on Academic Achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of study is to determinate the effect of self-efficacy beliefs towards science instruction on the academic achievement. In addition, it is investigated that effect of gender on self-efficacy and academic achievement. The sample of this research consist of total 127 candidates science teachers who attend II. III. IV. grades of Gazi University, Educational Faculty, Science Teaching Program on the spring semester of 2008-2009 educational period. In this study, to collect data, “System in Our Body Achievement Test” and “Science Instruction Self-efficacy Beliefs Scale” were used. The results showed that most of the science teacher candidates? general achievement level and self-efficacy beliefs are not sufficient. In addition the teacher candidates? general achievement level and self-efficacy beliefs do not vary according to the gender and it can be concluded that, self-efficacy beliefs predicts the academic achievement in system in our body concept positively in meaningful way.

P?nar FETTAHLIO?LU

2011-08-01

199

Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Motivation, Race, and Gender in Middle School Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to discover whether the science motivation beliefs of middle school students (N = 262) vary as a function of their gender or race/ethnicity and to determine whether science self-efficacy beliefs predict science achievement when motivation variables shown to predict achievement in other academic areas are controlled. Girls reported stronger science self-efficacy and self-efficacy for self-regulation, and they received higher grades in science. Boys had stronger performance-approach goals. White students had stronger self-efficacy and achievement, and African American students reported stronger task goals. Self-efficacy was the only motivation variable to predict the science achievement of girls, boys, and White students. Self-efficacy and self-concept predicted the science achievement of African American students. Results are interpreted from the perspective of Bandura's social cognitive theory.

Britner, Shari L.; Pajares, Frank

200

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Students' Self-efficacy Beliefs and Critical Thinking Ability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The improvement of critical thinking and motivational factors such as self-efficacy seem to have great effects on students' academic achievements. The way in which learners identify their language learning abilities and their ability to control thinking may have a significant impact on their learning outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Iranian students' self efficacy and their critical thinking ability. To this end 50 university students majoring in English teaching in Islamic Azad university of Amol and Ghaemshahr branch have been randomly selected to fill out the two questionnaires on Self-efficacy and Critical thinking skills. The finding of the study shows a strong relationship between Iranian students' critical thinking ability and self efficacy. In other words, the higher the students' self efficacy, the higher their critical thinking ability. Generally, the finding provides empirical support that self-efficacy should be considered for developing learners' critical thinking skills.

Mansoor Fahim

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
201

The role of sports training and recreation at self-efficacy perception of adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the following diploma the role of a sports training and a sports recreation for the perception of adolescents’ self-efficacy is presented. In the theoretical part the self-efficacy theory and its placement into adolescence are described as well as all three kinds of sports workout (sports training, sports recreation and sports education), connection between sport and adolescence and sport’s influence on the self-efficacy. In the empirical part the role of the sports training and rec...

Ivanc?ic?, Hani

2013-01-01

202

The association between maternal self-efficacy and maternal perception of child language competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to describe maternal self-efficacy beliefs within the parenting domain and maternal rating of pre-school child’s language abilities, where the child has a communication disability. The association between these two constructs was also investigated. Twenty-five Mothers completed a questionnaire consisting of two subsections: parental self-efficacy and maternal rating of child language ability. The results revealed that mothers generally had high self-efficacy belief...

Harty, Michal

2004-01-01

203

A Study of Self-efficacy in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Its Predictors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Enhancement of empowerment in patients with coronary artery disease has a major role in the promotion of their health behaviors. Promotion of self-efficacy is a one of the ways for improving this skill, which has a significant impact on improving patients’ condition and on preventing complications and readmission. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of general, exercise, and diet behavior self-efficacies in coronary artery disease patients.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 195 patients with coronary artery disease referred to the Heart Clinic of Educational Treatment Center of Dr Heshmat Hospital in Rasht, were selected through convenient sampling and were surveyed through questionnaires about illness perception, general self-efficacy, exercise self-efficacy and diet behavior self-efficacy. The Chi 2 test was used to examine the relations between variables, and the multiple logistic regression test was used to determine the predictors.Results: In this study, 74.9% of samples had desirable general self-efficacy, 86.2% had desirable diet self-efficacy, and 28.2% had desirable exercise self-efficacy. In addition, variables such as age, sex, diagnosis of heart disease, and illness perception were predictors of general self-efficacy. Occupational status and illness perception variables were the predictors of exercise self-efficacy; and the predictor of diet self-efficacy was illness perception.Conclusion: Considering the results of this research, it seems that more precise plannings are needed for the promotion of exercise self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients.

Ezzat Paryad

2013-03-01

204

Emotional Intelligence, Self-efficacy and Diversity Receptiveness of University Students: A Correlation Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of the study was to examine the interrelationship of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy drives, and diversity receptiveness of overseas college students. Factors of emotional intelligence, self-efficacies and diversity receptiveness were examined with these overseas students. Survey data on demographics, the Emotions Scale (EIS), Self-efficacy scale (SES) and Diversity Receptive Scale (DRS) were collected from eighty nine students enrolled in post graduate business programs....

Saeed Behjat; Chowdhury, Mohammmed S.

2012-01-01

205

Self-efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, Anxiety and Mathematics Achievement: Findings from Turkey, Japan and Finland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study, relationships among self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation and anxiety were investigated across Turkey, Japan and Finland to predict the PISA 2003 mathematics performance. The data of student questionnaire was used in the study. In three of the countries, self-efficacy positively predicted mathematics achievement and this effect was relatively higher in Finland and mediating roles of intrinsic motivation and anxiety between self-efficacy and mathematics achievement were quite smal...

Selada Y?ld?r?m

2011-01-01

206

The association between maternal self-efficacy and maternal perception of child language competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to describe maternal self-efficacy beliefs within the parenting domain and maternal rating of pre-school childs language abilities, where the child has a communication disability. The association between these two constructs was also investigated. Twenty-five Mothers completed a questionnaire consisting of two subsections: parental self-efficacy and maternal rating of child language ability. The results revealed that mothers generally had high self-efficacy beliefs w...

Harty, Michal

2005-01-01

207

The Relationship between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Self-efficacy among Iranian EFL Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study examined the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ trait EI (trait EI and Self-efficacy. To this end, 336 teachers were asked to complete “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Short Form (TEIQue–SF” (Petrides and Furnham, 2006 and “Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES” (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001. Pearson product-moment correlation showed a significant relationship between trait EI and self-efficacy. Trait EI subconstructs also showed significant relationship with Self-efficacy subconstructs as well as total self-efficacy. To investigate which subconstructs of trait emotional intelligence might have more predictive power in predicting teacher’s self-efficacy, regression analysis was run. Results revealed all subconstructs of trait EI to be moderate predictors of Self-efficacy. In addition, the ANOVA were employed to investigate the influence of teachers’ age, gender, and years of teaching experience on EI and Self-efficacy.  Results showed teachers with more years of teaching experience to have achieved higher levels in both trait EI and self-efficacy. However no effect of EFL teachers’ age, gender and their interactions on teachers’ trait EI and Self-efficacy were observed.

Jahanbakhsh Nikoopour

2012-11-01

208

Self-Efficacy In Relation Emotional Intelligence Of Senior Secondary School Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research has been performed with the aim of determining the relation between emotional intelligence (EI and Self-Efficacy of the senior secondary school students. In gathering the data the descriptive method has been used and the measuring tools of Self-Efficacy Questionnaire developed by Peter Muris and Emotional Intelligence scale (2005 developed by Dr. Rambir Sharma have been used. The results obtained from Pearson Correlation showed that there is a positive significant correlation between emotional intelligence (EI and self-efficacy (r =0.3. It was also found that female students were better than male students with regard to their self efficacy and emotional intelligence

Rita Saini

2012-10-01

209

Exploring the Effects of Self-efficacy on Vocabulary Learning Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the effects of self-efficacy on language learning strategies by focusing on vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs. A group of 281 EFL learners from two universities participated in the study. They completed the Vocabulary Size Test (Nation & Beglar, 2007, questionnaires on self-efficacy, and an open-ended question about their use of VLSs. The learners were divided into three groups based on their responses to the self-efficacy questionnaire. The effect of self-efficacy was then examined by utilizing text mining. The results show that the effects of self-efficacy were observed in the participants’ open-ended responses. It also became clear that those with high self-efficacy were active users of VLSs, they employed deep strategies, and they were metacognitively superior to participants with medium and low efficiency. Those with medium self-efficacy were also active users of VLSs, but they used shallow strategies compared with the high self-efficiency group. Those with low self-efficacy tended to be passive users of VLSs. The pedagogical implications of the current study are discussed mainly in terms of incorporating self-efficacy and self-regulation enhancing instructions into vocabulary teaching.

Atsushi Mizumoto

2012-12-01

210

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

211

Academic delay of gratification, self-efficacy, and time management among academically unprepared college students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the associations between academic delay of gratification, self-efficacy beliefs, and time management among academically unprepared college students participating in a summer-immersion program. This study also examined whether the relation of self-efficacy with time management is mediated by academic delay of gratification. Analysis indicated that self-efficacy was directly associated with time management, as delay of gratification served to mediate this effect partially. Self-efficacy emerged as the strongest positive predictor of academic achievement. PMID:19610492

Bembenutty, Héfer

2009-04-01

212

Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Two studies tested the hypothesis that use of learning technologies among undergraduate psychology students was associated with higher Internet self-efficacy (ISE. In Study 1, the ISE scores of 86 students were found not to be associated with either attitudes towards, or measured use of, blogs and wikis as part of an IT skills course. ISE was associated with time spent online, and positive attitudes to wikis were associated with higher use. Study 2 measured 163 students’ ISE scores at the beginning and end of the same course. ISE was again not correlated with attitudes towards, or actual measured use of, learning technologies used in the course. However, ISE was shown to increase during the course. Positive attitudes towards wikis and discussion boards were associated with higher use of each. Overall, ISE scores did not influence measured use of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE, including blogs, wikis and a discussion board, or attitudes towards those technologies. This implies that while ISE is linked to aspects of online behaviour (time spent online and can be modified by online activity or training, it does not predict student use of educational Internet technologies.

Tom Buchanan

2014-08-01

213

The relationships of self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work to health-related quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) primarily affects the lungs, it is regarded as a systemic disorder associated with comorbidity and physical deterioration, which often results in reduced levels of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Self-efficacy is an important concept in self-management, which is vital for improving HRQoL in patients with COPD. The purpose of this study was to examine how general self-efficacy, leisure time physical activity, and sociodemographic variables such as employment status are related to the physical and mental health components of HRQoL in patients with COPD. Patients and methods In this cross-sectional study, 97 COPD patients (54.6% male, mean age 64.6 years, standard deviation [SD] 9.5) beginning a pulmonary rehabilitation program completed three self-report questionnaires: the short form (SF)-12v2 Health Survey as a measure of HRQoL; the General Self-Efficacy Scale; and a standardized instrument measuring regular leisure time physical activity. Results The physical health component median score was 31.3 (interquartile range [IQR] 16.3) and the mental health component median score was 45.9 (IQR 21.5). Two sets of linear regression analyses were performed, one predicting physical health and the other predicting mental health. The first analysis showed that better physical health was directly related to being in paid work (P-value <0.001), but was not significantly related to age, sex, marital status, education, work status, physical activity, or self-efficacy. In the second analysis, better mental health was directly related to living with a partner, being physically active, and having higher self-efficacy (P-value <0.001). Conclusion The findings suggest that general self-efficacy has differential relationships to the two dimensions of HRQoL. Our results indicate that general self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work might be important factors for improving HRQoL of persons with COPD, and should be taken into consideration in pulmonary rehabilitation. PMID:24944515

Andenaes, Randi; Bentsen, Signe Berit; Hvinden, Kari; Fagermoen, May Solveig; Lerdal, Anners

2014-01-01

214

Testing the effectiveness of a self-efficacy based exercise intervention for inactive people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: design of a controlled clinical trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sufficient exercise is important for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM, as it can prevent future health problems. Despite, it is estimated that only 30-40% of people with T2DM are sufficiently active. One of the psychosocial constructs that is believed to influence physical activity behaviour, is exercise self-efficacy. The goal of this study is to evaluate a patient-tailored exercise intervention for people with T2DM that takes exercise self-efficacy into account. Methods/Design This study is conducted as a non-randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients are eligible when they are diagnosed with T2DM, exercise less than advised in the ADA guideline of 150?min/week of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, have an BMI >25 and are between 18 and 80?years old. Recruitment takes place at a Primary care organization of general practitioners and practice nurses in the south of the Netherlands. Participants are allocated to three groups: An advice intervention -for participants with a high exercise self-efficacy score- in which participants receive a patient-tailored exercise intervention, an intensive intervention -for participants with a low exercise self-efficacy score- in which participants receive a patient-tailored exercise intervention accomplished by a group based intervention, and a control group in which participants receive regular Dutch diabetes care. The primary outcome measure of this study is physical activity. Secondary outcome measures are health status, (symptoms of depression, exercise self-efficacy, Body Mass Index (BMI, blood pressure and glycemic control. Discussion We aimed to design an intervention that can be implemented in Primary care, but also to design an easy accessible program. This study is innovative as it is -to our best knowledge- the first study that takes level of exercise self-efficacy of people with T2DM into account by means of giving extra support to those with the lowest exercise self-efficacy. If the program succeeds in increasing the amount of physical activity it can be implemented in regular primary care. Trial registration Dutch Trial Register NTR2734

van der Heijden Marion MP

2012-07-01

215

Autoeficacia en la prevención sexual del Sida: la influencia del género / Self-efficacy in AIDS sexual prevention: influence of gender  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La literatura científica apunta a que la escasa autoeficacia para el uso del preservativo explicaría muchas conductas de riesgo de transmisión del VIH en jóvenes. Se analiza la autoeficacia de los jóvenes en el uso del preservativo, la existencia de diferencias de género y la relación con variables [...] relevantes en la prevención. Se aplicó la "Subescala de Autoeficacia en el Uso del Preservativo", incluida en el Cuestionario de Prevención del Sida (Ballester, Gil y Giménez, 2007), a 3540 universitarios (50.9% mujeres, 49.1% hombres). Los resultados indican que los jóvenes obtienen puntuaciones medias-altas en autoeficacia, mostrándose la menor puntuación en el autocontrol en el momento de excitación. Se obtienen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en distintas situaciones según el género, siendo las mujeres las que se perciben más autoeficaces que los hombres, sobre todo en situaciones relacionadas con una posible evaluación negativa por parte de la pareja al sugerir su uso; y menos que ellos en aquellas referidas al ámbito público (comprar preservativos). Además, la autoeficacia correlacionó significativamente con la intención de conducta preventiva, la mayor frecuencia autoinformada de uso del preservativo y la percepción de eficacia del preservativo en la prevención del VIH. Las futuras intervenciones preventivas deberían incluir un componente de autoeficacia y una perspectiva de género. Abstract in english The scientific literature suggests that a low self-efficacy for condom use may be related to many risky behaviors for HIV transmission in young people. We analyze the self-efficacy of condom use among youth, the existence of gender differences and the relationship with other relevant variables in HI [...] V prevention. The "Self-Efficacy Condom Use Subscale", included in the AIDS Prevention Questionnaire (Ballester, Gil and Giménez, 2007), was administrated to 3540 university students (50.9% women, 49.1% men). The results showed that the sample obtained medium-high scores on self-efficacy, showing the lowest scores when behavior involves their sexual control at the time of excitation. Statistically significant differences were obtained in different situations according to gender. In this regard, women perceived themselves higher condom use self-efficacy than men, especially when their suggestion about condom use might cause a negative evaluation to the partner; and unless than men those relating to public domain (buying condoms). Moreover, self-efficacy correlated significantly with preventive behavior intention, increased self-reported frequency of condom use and perceived effectiveness of condoms in HIV prevention. Future preventive interventions should include an element of self-efficacy and a differentiated perspective by gender.

Rafael, Ballester; María Dolores, Gil-Llario; Estefanía, Ruiz-Palomino; Cristina, Giménez-García.

2013-01-01

216

The influence of self-efficacy and outcome expectations on the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity in the workplace  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent research and commentary contends that ecological approaches may be particularly useful for understanding and promoting physical activity participation in various settings including the workplace. Yet within the physical activity domain there is a lack of understanding of how ecological environment factors influence behaviour. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between perceived environment, social-cognitive variables, and physical activity behaviour. Methods Participants (N = 897 were employees from three large worksites who completed self-report inventories containing measures of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, perceptions of the workplace environment (PWES, and physical activity behaviour during both leisure-time and incorporated throughout the workday. Results Results of both bivariate and multiple regression analyses indicated the global PWES scores had a limited association with leisure-time physical activity (R2adj =.01. Sequential regression analyses supported a weak association between physical activity incorporated in the workplace and PWES (R2adj = .04 and the partial mediation of self-efficacy on the relationship between PWES and workplace physical activity (variance accounted for reduced to R2adj = .02 when self-efficacy was controlled. Conclusion Overall, the results of the present investigation indicate that self-efficacy acted as a partial mediator of the relationship between perceived environment and workplace physical activity participation. Implications of the findings for physical activity promotion using ecological-based approaches, and future directions for research from this perspective in worksite settings are discussed.

Plotnikoff Ronald C

2004-03-01

217

Investigating Preschool and Primary School Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Needs in Teaching Science: A Pilot Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, the curricula reforms at the levels of preschool and primary school in Sweden have caused new demands on the teachers. In particular, numerous teachers lack the educational training in science subjects. Therefore, this study aims to investigate teachers’ self-efficacy and needs in relationto science teaching. A total of 71 teachers, divided into three groups of preschool, 1-3 grades and 4-6 grades, were invited to join this pilot study. From the EU FP7 project, PROFILES, a Likert scale questionnaire (with scores from 1 to 3 to represent strongly disagree, agree to strongly agree, and I don’t know was scored 0 was used and revised for the data collection in this pilot study. The results showed that the participating teachers had relatively high self-efficacy and no significant differences were found among the three groups of teachers. However, even though the teachers had high self-efficacy, the needs of further education were expressed by the teachers to a large extent. In particular, the group of preschool teachers addressed the need for more content knowledge (CK in physics and chemistry (>41%. In terms of the groups of 1-3 and 4-6 grades teachers, the needs relating to scientific literacy were revealed, with a focus on engaging students in socio-scientific problems (52%, 56% and assessment (44%, 61%. The implication of this study is discussed in the hope to contribute to teachers’ professional development for both pre- and in-service teachers in science education.

Susanne Walan

2014-03-01

218

Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

2012-04-01

219

Cultural adaptation of condom use self efficacy scale in Ghana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Accurate assessment of self-reports of sexual behaviours are vital to the evaluation of HIV prevention and family planning interventions. This investigation was to determine the cross-cultural suitability of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale (CUSES for Ghana. A survey using a sample of 520 aged 17 to 32 years from Ghana completed the anonymous scale. A Principal Component Analysis identified a 14 item scale with four reliable factors labelled Appropriation (Cronbach alpha=.85, Assertive (Cronbach alpha=.90, Pleasure and Intoxicant (Cronbach alpha=.83, and STDs (Cronbach alpha=.81 that altogether explained 73.72% of total variance. The scale correlated well with a measure of actual condom use (r=.73, indicating evidence of construct validity. The factor loadings were similar to the original scale but not identical suggesting relevant cultural variations. The study therefore cautioned researchers against the use of the original CUSES without validation in African settings and contexts

Paul Narh Doku

2010-10-01

220

Predictive Power of the Sources of Primary School Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs for Learning and Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to reveal the extent to which the sources of 6th- 8th grade students' self-efficacy beliefs predict their self-efficacy beliefs for learning and performance. The study is correlational and was conducted on a total of 1049 students during the fall term of the educational year 2010-2011. The data of the study were…

Arslan, Ali

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

The effectiveness of stress inoculation training, systematic desensitization, and a combined approach on test anxiety, academic performance and self-efficacy of male university students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main focus of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of three methods, i.e. stress inoculation training, systematic desensitization, and a combined approach of these two methods on test anxiety, academic performance and self-efficacy of male university students with test anxiety. The population was all male students of Dehdasht Azad University studying in 1389 who got high scores in the pre-test and had test anxiety. The sample size was 341 students who were randomly selected. 80...

Maredpour, A.; Jahanbakhsh Ganjeh, S.; Hossininik, S.

2012-01-01

222

Relationships between Teachers' Creativity Fostering Behaviors and Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to examine primary and secondary school teachers' creativity fostering behaviors and self-efficacy beliefs according to gender and subject matters taught by teachers and to investigate the relationships between teachers' creativity fostering behaviors and their self-efficacy beliefs. The study was conducted with the…

Ozkal, Nese

2014-01-01

223

A Survey Study of Chinese In-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy about Inclusive Education  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey study was conducted to a total of 323 in-service teachers (110 special education teachers and 213 general education teachers) in Shanghai regarding their self-efficacy and concerns about inclusive education. Multivariate analysis results reveal that special teachers have significantly higher self-efficacy about inclusive education than…

Wang, Mian; Zan, Fei; Liu, Jiaqiu; Liu, Chunling; Sharma, Umesh

2012-01-01

224

Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Abstinence 1 Year After Substance Use Disorder Treatment  

Science.gov (United States)

To better understand the relationship between abstinence self-efficacy and treatment outcomes in substance use disorder patients, experts in the field need more information about the levels of abstinence self-efficacy most predictive of treatment outcomes. Participants (N = 2,967) from 15 residential substance use disorder treatment programs were…

Ilgen, Mark; McKellar, John; Tiet, Quyen

2005-01-01

225

Social Support, Infant Temperament, and Parenting Self-Efficacy: A Mediational Model of Postpartum Depression  

Science.gov (United States)

Infant temperamental difficulty was strongly related to mothers' level of postpartum depression, both directly and through the mediation of parenting self-efficacy. Social support appeared to function protectively against depression, primarily through self-efficacy. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed. (Author/RH)

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Troutman, Beth R.

1986-01-01

226

Nurses' Motivations for Web-Based Learning and the Role of Internet Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical nurses' Internet self-efficacy and motivations toward Web-based learning. The sample consisted of 256 volunteer nurses from one selected medical centre in Taiwan. This study used the Internet Self-efficacy Survey (ISS) and the Motivations about Web-based Continuing Learning Survey (MWCL) for…

Liang, Jyh-Chong; Wu, Szu-Hsien

2010-01-01

227

Self-Efficacy's Influence on Student Academic Achievement in the Medical Anatomy Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is defined as a person's beliefs in his or her own abilities to successfully complete a task and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic behaviors. More specifically, anatomical self-efficacy is defined as an individual's judgment of his or her ability to successfully complete tasks related to the anatomy…

Burgoon, Jennifer Marie; Meece, Judith L.; Granger, Noelle A.

2012-01-01

228

Path Analysis Examining Self-Efficacy and Decision-Making Performance on a Simulated Baseball Task  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision-making self-efficacy and decision-making performance in sport. Undergraduate students (N = 78) performed 10 trials of a decision-making task in baseball. Self-efficacy was measured before performing each trial. Decision-making performance was assessed by decision speed and…

Hepler, Teri J.; Feltz, Deborah L.

2012-01-01

229

Determination of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of High School Students towards Math Literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to determine the high school students' self-efficacy beliefs about math literacy, and examine this beliefs in terms of some variables. The research was conducted on 712 high school students. A questionnaire and Math Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale were used for data collection. The data were analyzed in terms of t-test,…

Ozgen, Kemal; Bindaka, Recep

2011-01-01

230

The Relationship between General Self-Efficacy Belief and Burnout Level among Turkish Academicians  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to examine the relation between burnout level and general self-efficacy beliefs of academicians working in School of Physical Education and Sport. 178 Academicians working at various universities in Turkey participated in this study. The General Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Schwarzer and Jerusalem (1995), adapted to…

Sevindi, Tarik

2013-01-01

231

The Effect of Self-Assessment on EFL Learners' Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the continuous influence of self-assessment on EFL (English as a foreign language) learners' self-efficacy. The participants, divided into an experimental and a control group, were 57 Iranian EFL learners in an English-language institute. The participants' self-efficacy was measured through a questionnaire that…

Baleghizadeh, Sasan; Masoun, Atieh

2013-01-01

232

Teacher Self-Efficacy and Teacher Burnout: A Study of Relations  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was partly to test the factor structure of a recently developed Norwegian scale for measuring teacher self-efficacy and partly to explore relations between teachers' perception of the school context, teacher self-efficacy, collective teacher efficacy, teacher burnout, teacher job satisfaction, and teachers' beliefs that…

Skaalvik, Einar M.; Skaalvik, Sidsel

2010-01-01

233

Investigating the Effect of School Ability on Self-Efficacy, Learning Approaches, and Metacognition  

Science.gov (United States)

The relations among school ability, self-efficacy, learning approach, and metacognition were examined in a path model. Questionnaires measuring these constructs were administered to 194 Filipino college students. Path analysis was used to determine the effects of school ability on self-efficacy and learning approaches, and in turn, the effects of…

Magno, Carlo

2009-01-01

234

Effects of Competition on Students' Self-Efficacy in Vicarious Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Vicarious learning is one of the fundamental sources of self-efficacy that is frequently employed in educational settings. However, little research has investigated the effects of competition on students' writing self-efficacy when they engage in vicarious learning. Aim: This study compared the effects of competitive and…

Chan, Joanne C. Y.; Lam, Shui-fong

2008-01-01

235

Involving Children in Reflective Discussions about Their Perceived Self-Efficacy and Learning Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research indicates the importance of self-efficacy beliefs for young children's learning and achievement. However, the challenge has been to research young children's self-efficacy in authentic learning situations. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate young children's immediate experiences of confidence in…

Määttä, Elina; Järvelä, Sanna

2013-01-01

236

Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Prospective Primary Mathematics Teachers about Mathematical Literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the self-efficacy beliefs about mathematical literacy among teachers of primary school mathematics and the relationship between the self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes towards mathematics. To that end, a descriptive research study was conducted with 550 prospective teachers studying primary school mathematics…

Yavuz, Gunes; Gunhan, Berna Canturk; Ersoy, Esen; Narli, Serkan

2013-01-01

237

Principles and Practices for Building Academic Self-Efficacy in Middle Grades Language Arts Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

Academic self-efficacy contributes to students' motivation and persistence for learning. However, motivation for reading and learning, and students' self-efficacy in school often declines in adolescence. This manuscript presents research-based strategies for facilitating students' motivations within the context of language arts classes.

McTigue, Erin; Liew, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

238

The Development of English and Mathematics Self-Efficacy: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research has provided evidence supporting the validation and prediction of 4 major sources of self-efficacy: enactive performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional states. Other research studies have also attested to the importance and potency of self-efficacy in academic learning and achievement.…

Phan, Huy P.

2012-01-01

239

Informational Sources, Self-Efficacy and Achievement: A Temporally Displaced Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Personal self-efficacy is an important theoretical orientation that helps to explain students' learning and academic achievements. One area of research inquiry has involved the four major sources of information and their predictive effects on self-efficacy. As an extension for examination, the purpose of our investigation was to explore the…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2012-01-01

240

Self-Efficacy in Internet-Based Learning Environments: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews 46 papers from 1999 to 2009 regarding self-efficacy in Internet-based learning environments, and discusses three major categories of research: (1) learners' Internet self-efficacy, assessing learners' confidence in their skills or knowledge of operating general Internet functions or applications in Internet-based learning; (2)…

Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chuang, Shih-Chyueh; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Meng-Jung

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Role Ambiguity and Self-Efficacy: The Moderating Effects of Goal Orientation and Procedural Justice  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated variables that moderated the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy. Results of a field study found support for the moderating role of learning goal orientation, such that the relationship between role ambiguity and self-efficacy was weaker when learning goal orientation was high. In addition, we found…

Li, Andrew; Bagger, Jessica

2008-01-01

242

A Probe into Three Chinese Boys' Self-Efficacy Beliefs Learning English as a Second Language  

Science.gov (United States)

In this case study, we investigate three Chinese boys' self-efficacy beliefs learning English as a second language across English language learning tasks and home-based and school-based contexts. Participants reported higher self-efficacy to complete listening and speaking activities than during reading and writing activities. All participants…

Wang, Chuang; Pape, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

243

Impact of Adolescents' Filial Self-Efficacy on Quality of Family Functioning and Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

In this prospective study, we tested a structural model in which adolescents' perceived self-efficacy to manage parental relationships affected their satisfaction with family life both directly, and indirectly, through its impact on family practices. Findings based on 380 Italian adolescents showed that perceived filial self-efficacy was linked…

Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Pastorelli, Concetta; Regalia, Camillo; Scabini, Eugenia; Bandura, Albert

2005-01-01

244

Research Design and the Predictive Power of Measures of Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this enquiry was to examine how research design impacts on the predictive power of measures of self-efficacy. Three cautions for designing research into self-efficacy drawn from the seminal work of Albert Bandura (1986) and a further caution proposed by the current author together form the analytical framework for this enquiry. For…

Moriarty, Beverley

2014-01-01

245

Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation yielded five factors: self-efficacy to overcome internal, harassment, physical…

Dwyer, John J. M.; Chulak, Tala; Maitland, Scott; Allison, Kenneth R.; Lysy, Daria C.; Faulkner, Guy E. J.; Sheeshka, Judy

2012-01-01

246

Effects of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem on Homesickness and College Adjustment  

Science.gov (United States)

(Purpose) The purpose of the present study was to assess the impact of self-efficacy and self-esteem on the experiences of homesickness and initial adjustment to college in first-year college students. (Methods) The second week of college 107 first-year college students (28 men, 79 women) completed a questionnaire assessing self-efficacy,…

Smith, Gregory J

2007-01-01

247

Validity-Supporting Evidence of the Self-Efficacy for Teaching Mathematics Instrument  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to provide evidence of reliability and validity of the Self-Efficacy for Teaching Mathematics Instrument (SETMI). Self-efficacy, as defined by Bandura, was the theoretical framework for the development of the instrument. The complex belief systems of mathematics teachers, as touted by Ernest provided insights into the…

McGee, Jennifer R.; Wang, Chuang

2014-01-01

248

Effects of an Intensive Disability-Focused Training Experience on University Faculty Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study evaluates the short-term effects of a disability-focused training on the disability-related self-efficacy of university faculty. Three consecutive cohorts of faculty (N = 102) participated in an intensive four-day training institute focused on understanding and supporting university students with disabilities. Self-efficacy for…

Murray, Christopher; Lombardi, Allison; Seely, John R.; Gerdes, Hilary

2014-01-01

249

The Relationships between University Students' Chemistry Laboratory Anxiety, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between chemistry laboratory anxiety, chemistry attitudes, and self-efficacy. Participants were 395 university students. Participants completed the Chemistry Laboratory Anxiety Scale, the Chemistry Attitudes Scale, and the Self-efficacy Scale. Results showed that chemistry laboratory anxiety…

Kurbanoglu, N. Izzet; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

250

The Relationship between Hope, Eustress, Self-Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction among Undergraduates  

Science.gov (United States)

The construct of eustress was studied alongside hope and self-efficacy, to explore how these constructs are related to life satisfaction among undergraduates. Questionnaires were administered to undergraduates to test the hypotheses that (1) as eustress levels increase, so will life satisfaction levels; (2) when eustress, hope, and self-efficacy

O'Sullivan, Geraldine

2011-01-01

251

Career Decision Self-Efficacy, Career Barriers, and College Women's Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence  

Science.gov (United States)

Relationships between college women's experiences of violence from intimate partners, career decision self-efficacy, and perceived career barriers were assessed using social cognitive career theory as a theoretical guide. Among 129 students, sexual coercion was negatively associated with three aspects of career decision self-efficacy

Albaugh, Lisa M.; Nauta, Margaret M.

2005-01-01

252

The Self-Efficacy Scale for Preschool Teachers Regarding Asthma Care: Instrument Development and Validation  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire that assesses preschool teachers' self-efficacy in providing asthma care. Methods: A total of 407 teachers from 54 preschools in Taiwan participated in the study by completing the asthma management self-efficacy scale. We assessed…

Gau, Bih-Shya; Hung, Chao-Chia

2014-01-01

253

The Effect of Communication Skills and Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills on Social Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine communication skills, interpersonal problem solving skills, and social self-efficacy perception of adolescents and the predictive role of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. This study is a quantitative and relational study aimed at examining the…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2013-01-01

254

Initial Teacher Education: Does Self-Efficacy Influence Candidate Teacher Academic Achievement and Future Career Performance?  

Science.gov (United States)

This quantitative investigation examined the influence of low and high self-efficacy on candidate teacher academic performance in a foreign language teaching methodology course through testing the speculation that high self-efficacy levels would improve pedagogical-content knowledge (PCK). Positivism guided the research design at the levels of…

Shawer, Saad F.

2013-01-01

255

A Model of Metacognition, Achievement Goal Orientation, Learning Style and Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Structural equation modelling was used to test a model integrating achievement goal orientation, learning style, self-efficacy and metacognition into a single framework that explained and predicted variation in performance. Self-efficacy was the strongest predictor of performance. Metacognition was a weak predictor of performance. Deep processing…

Coutinho, Savia A.; Neuman, George

2008-01-01

256

The Relationship of Academic Self-Efficacy to Class Participation and Exam Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship of academic self-efficacy to engagement in class discussion and performance on major course exams among students (N = 165) in an undergraduate human development course. Cluster analysis was used to identify three levels of academic self-efficacy: high (n = 34), medium (n = 91), and low (n = 40). Results…

Galyon, Charles E.; Blondin, Carolyn A.; Yaw, Jared S.; Nalls, Meagan L.; Williams, Robert L.

2012-01-01

257

School Nurses' Perceptions of Self-Efficacy in Providing Diabetes Care  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to measure school nurses' perceived self-efficacy in providing diabetes care and education to children and to identify factors that correlate with higher self-efficacy levels in the performance of these tasks. The results of this study revealed that the surveyed school nurses perceived a moderate level of…

Fisher, Kelly L.

2006-01-01

258

The Effects of Exercise Advertising on Self-efficacy and Decisional Balance  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To investigate the effects of exercise advertising on self-efficacy and decisional balance for changing exercise behavior. Methods: One hundred seventy-four university students (females = 108; males = 66) watched a video that contained health, appearance, or control advertising and completed stage of change, exercise self-efficacy, and…

Berry, Tanya R.; Howe, Bruce L.

2005-01-01

259

Preservice Teachers' Work Stress, Self-Efficacy, and Occupational Commitment in Four Countries  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we examine the teaching-related stress, self-efficacy, and occupational commitment of preservice teachers from two culturally western and two culturally eastern countries. The sample included 1,187 participants from Canada (n?=?379), England (n?=?203), Hong Kong (n?=?211), and Thailand (n?=?394). Self-efficacy partially reduced…

Klassen, Robert; Wilson, Elaine; Siu, Angela F. Y.; Hannok, Wanwisa; Wong, Marina W.; Wongsri, Nongkran; Sonthisap, Panwadee; Pibulchol, Chaleosri; Buranachaitavee, Yanisa; Jansem, Anchalee

2013-01-01

260

Social Self-Efficacy, Academic Locus of Control, and Internet Addiction  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of internet addiction, social self-efficacy, and academic locus of control. Participants were 311 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Academic Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale. The…

Iskender, Murat; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Mediation Effect of Self-Regulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Specifying the mechanism through which perceived self-efficacy affects one's behavior has been one of the main concerns of researchers and educators particularly in entrepreneurship domain due to the critical role that entrepreneurial self-efficacy plays in motivating and enabling individuals to establish a new venture. This study examines…

Pihie, Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope; Bagheri, Afsaneh

2013-01-01

262

Using Mathematics in Teaching Science Self-Efficacy Scale--UMSSS: A Validity and Reliability Study  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, an instrument, Using Mathematics in Science Self-efficacy Scale (UMSSS), was developed in order to determine preservice science teachers' self-efficacy toward the use of mathematics in their lessons. Data gathered from 250 preservice science teachers were used for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis…

Can, Bilge Taskin; Gunhan, Berna Canturk; Erdal, Sevinc Ongel

2012-01-01

263

Bystander Behavior in Bullying Situations: Basic Moral Sensitivity, Moral Disengagement and Defender Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to investigate how basic moral sensitivity in bullying, moral disengagement in bullying and defender self-efficacy were related to different bystander behaviors in bullying. Therefore, we examined pathways that linked students' basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement, and defender self-efficacy to different…

Thornberg, Robert; Jungert, Tomas

2013-01-01

264

Correlations between Perceived Teacher Empowerment and Perceived Sense of Teacher Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research has linked teacher efficacy with student achievement. In this study, the authors determined the perceived levels of empowerment and self-efficacy from 70 elementary teachers in two schools. Descriptive and predictive statistics were used to explore the degree to which perceived empowerment and self-efficacy were related in an…

Hemric, Marty; Eury, Allen D.; Shellman, David

2010-01-01

265

Library Instruction and College Student Self-Efficacy in Electronic Information Searching.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explores whether library instruction can enhance college students' self-efficacy in electronic information searching. Assesses self-efficacy before and after library instruction; examines how self-esteem is related to students' attitudes toward acquiring electronic search skills, their emotions, and search performance; and discusses implications…

Ren, Wen-Hua

2000-01-01

266

Women's Self-Efficacy Perceptions in Mathematics and Science: Investigating USC-MESA Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Higher education institutions have struggled with the underrepresentation of female students in the STEM majors. The authors investigate the USC-MESA program and the role of women's self-efficacy perceptions in mathematics and science. It is crucial to understand the theory of self-efficacy in examining historically underrepresented populations in…

Hong, Rebecca C.; Jun, Alexander

2012-01-01

267

The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Reductions in Smoking in a Contingency Management Procedure  

Science.gov (United States)

Social– cognitive and behavioral theories of change disagree on what the relevant controlling variables for initiating behavior change are. Correlations between baseline smoking cessation self-efficacy and the changes in breath carbon monoxide (CO) and the reduction in breath CO and increases in smoking cessation self-efficacy from baseline were obtained from a contingency management smoking cessation procedure. A test of the difference between the cross-lag correlations suggested a nonspurious causal relationship between smoking cessation self-efficacy and changes in breath CO. Path analyses showed that decreases in breath CO (reductions in smoking) predicted later increases in smoking cessation self-efficacy. Baseline self-reports of smoking cessation self-efficacy were not significantly correlated with subsequent changes in breath CO. Rather, significant correlations were found between reductions in breath CO and later increases in smoking cessation self-efficacy. These results suggest that self-efficacy may be a cognitive response to one’s own behavior, and are inconsistent with a social– cognitive view of self-efficacy’s role in behavior change. Implications for the development of smoking cessation programs and health-promoting behavior changes in general are discussed. PMID:19586228

Romanowich, Paul; Mintz, Jim; Lamb, R. J.

2011-01-01

268

Internet Self-Efficacy Preferences of Internet Based Environments and Achievement of Prospective Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of this study are to determine prospective chemistry teachers' internet self-efficacy and preferences of constructivist internet-assisted environments and to examine the relationship between their internet self-efficacy and their preferences for constructivist internet-assisted environments, the relationship between their achievement in…

Ozyalcin Oskay, Ozge

2011-01-01

269

Teacher Self-Efficacy and Classroom Management Styles in Jordanian Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Two main purposes guided this study. The first was to identify the degree to which Jordanian teachers practise classroom management styles in their classrooms and their level of teacher self-efficacy. The second purpose was to explore the relationships between classroom management styles and teacher self-efficacy. This study is quantitative in…

Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.; Khasawneh, Samar A.; Khalaileh, Huda A.

2011-01-01

270

Self-Efficacy, Curriculum Content, Practicum Experience, and the Interest of Social Work Students in Gerontology  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the linkages among perceptions of self-efficacy, curriculum, and field experience on students' attitudes and interest in working with older adults. Graduate level social work students were surveyed regarding perceived self-efficacy to intervene with older adult clients, the amount of aging content in the master of social…

Olson, Mark D.

2011-01-01

271

Relations among Preschool Teachers' Self-Efficacy, Classroom Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relations among preschool teachers' self-efficacy (n = 67), classroom quality (instructional and emotional support), and children's (n = 328) gains in print awareness and vocabulary knowledge over an academic year in the US. Results indicated that teachers' self-efficacy and classroom quality served as significant and…

Guo, Ying; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2010-01-01

272

Mindfulness and Counseling Self-Efficacy: The Mediating Role of Attention and Empathy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the predictive relationship between mindfulness and counseling self-efficacy and the potential mediating effects of attention and empathy. Master's-level counseling interns and doctoral counseling students (N = 179) were surveyed to determine levels of mindfulness, attention, empathy, and counseling self-efficacy. Pearson…

Greason, Paige Bentley; Cashwell, Craig S.

2009-01-01

273

Developing Teaching Self-Efficacy in Research Institutions: A Study of Award-Winning Professors  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess the sources of award-wining research professors' (six women; six men) teaching self-efficacy through the framework of Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory. Semi-structured interviews revealed that mastery experiences and social persuasions were particularly influential sources of self-efficacy and that…

Morris, David B.; Usher, Ellen L.

2011-01-01

274

Interaction between Task Values and Self-Efficacy on Maladaptive Achievement Strategy Use  

Science.gov (United States)

We tested the interaction between task value and self-efficacy on defensive pessimism, academic cheating, procrastination and self-handicapping among 574 Korean 11th graders in the context of English as a foreign language. We hypothesised that perceiving high value in tasks or domains for which self-efficacy was low would pose a threat to…

Lee, Jeesoo; Bong, Mimi; Kim, Sung-il

2014-01-01

275

Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Mental Time Travel Ability: Uncovering a Hidden Relationship in Educational Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was threefold: first, it was to explore the profiles of student teachers' mental time travel ability; second, it was to examine the relationship between student teachers' mental time travel ability and self-efficacy beliefs; and third, it was to investigate the role of self-efficacy beliefs in relationship between the past…

Eren, Altay

2009-01-01

276

Self-Efficacy, Motivation, and Academic Adjustment among African American Women Attending Institutions of Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships among self-efficacy beliefs, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and academic adjustment among 111 African American women in college. Results revealed that self-efficacy beliefs predicted Motivation to Know, Externally Regulated motivation, Identified motivation, and academic adjustment. Furthermore,…

Thomas, Deneia M.; Love, Keisha M.; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Tyler, Keneth M.; Brown, Carrie Lynn; Garriott, Patton O.

2009-01-01

277

Effects of Parental Job Insecurity and Parenting Behaviors on Youth's Self-Efficacy and Work Attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Structural equation modeling results from data on 178 undergraduates and their parents in Singapore indicated that paternal job insecurity was associated positively and maternal job insecurity negatively with authoritarian parenting. Mothers' authoritarian parenting was related to young adults' self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was positively…

Lim, Vivien K. G.; Loo, Geok Leng

2003-01-01

278

The Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy in Children's Social and Academic Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

A latent variable structural model was constructed to test the relations among mothers' and fathers' parenting self-efficacy (PSE), their loneliness, and their child's peer-evaluated social competence, self-evaluated loneliness, teacher-evaluated motivational orientation, and academic skills. In order to do this, first the Self-Efficacy for…

Junttila, Niina; Vauras, Marja; Laakkonen, Eero

2007-01-01

279

Nurses’ Views Related to Transcultural Nursing in Turkey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Nurses are affected by the developments brought by the health sector’s globalization and is denoted with the concept of “transcultural nursing”. Nurses are considered transcultural healthcare personnel in transcultural approach to nursing care.Aim: The study aim was to determine nurses’ views related to transcultural nursing.Methodology: A descriptive study design was used. Participants were 80 nurses working in a private hospital in Ankara, Turkey. Data were collected usi...

Zeynep Karakus; Burcu Babadag; Halime Abay; Imatullah Akyar; Sevilay Senol Çelik

2013-01-01

280

Using logistic regression to investigate self-efficacy and the predictors for National Council Licensure Examination success for baccalaureate nursing students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: Ensuring success on the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX® is a complex role for nurse educators. It is vital that nurse educators attain knowledge about the predictors of NCLEX success so they can design strategies and interventions to optimize student performance. Numerous studies are noted that examined the predictors for NCLEX success, reflecting great interest in this area. However, most investigated the academic predictors; few studies examined the nonacademic predictors. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of selected academic, nonacademic, and self-efficacy variables on NCLEX outcomes to provide new knowledge to nursing science about these predictors. Methods: This quantitative study used Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory as the theoretical framework to guide its focus. Academic variables were pre-nursing scores/grades and nursing course grades, while the nonacademic variables focused on personal and environmental factors/stressors, primary language spoken, and self-efficacy expectations. A national study was conducted using an online survey. After nursing graduates (n=196 received their NCLEX scores, instruments with established reliability and validity were used to collect data about their experiences while attending school. The instruments included the (1 Recent Life Changes Questionnaire (RLCQ; (2 The Brief Measure of Worry Severity (BMWS; and (3 The General Perceived Self-Efficacy scale. Multiple logistic regression was the primary data analysis method used to identify the variables that influence NCLEX passage. Correlation analysis using Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was also done to identify relationships existing among self-efficacy, and academic and nonacademic variables of NCLEX passage. The Chi-square test for independence was used to investigate primary language spoken and NCLEX outcome. Results: Logistic regression findings demonstrated that the medical-surgical grade, home and family events and responsibilities, and self-efficacy expectations were significant variables affecting NCLEX outcomes. Correlation analysis revealed that all academic variables showed a positive correlation with self-efficacy expectations, indicating that as a course grade improved, self-efficacy increased. Also, negative correlations between the nonacademic variables and self-efficacy expectations indicated that as worry or responsibilities increased for the individual, self-efficacy decreased. The Chi-square test for independence showed a significant relationship between primary language spoken and NCLEX outcome. Conclusions: Findings imply that medical-surgical nursing courses need to be a priority in curriculum planning. Another finding demonstrates the influence of self-efficacy on NCLEX passage – the more confident a student is and the more support systems available, the better he or she will perform. This finding points to the critical need for nurse educators to study ways to increase a student’s self-confidence. The findings of this study also demonstrated that home and family events and responsibilities influence success. This knowledge may assist nurse educators to consider informing students about the need for them to seek out assistance from faculty if home and family events present obstacles to learning. Finally, it was noted that primary language spoken affects outcome. Nurse educators need to plan curricular strategies that will meet individual student needs by having a variety of support resources in place for these students. 

Linda Anne Silvestri

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Enhancing Pre-service Teacher’s Self-efficacy and Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Designing Digital Media with Self-regulated Learning Instructional Support in Online Project-based Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy in designing digital media and their technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK for designing digital media using different forms of self- regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning. The study used a 2x2 factorial research design. The sample consisted of 232 pre-service teachers from an institution situated in Bangkok, Thailand. The four different forms of self-regulated learning instructional support for online project-based learning were PB+SQ+PA, PB+SQonly, PB+PAonly, and PBonly. Two-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was used for data analysis. The results showed significant differences in pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy and TPCK posttest scores. No main effect was found between two different self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores and TPCK scores. The self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had a statistically significant interaction upon the means of self-efficacy in designing digital media scores while the self-regulated learning strategies (SQ and PA had no interaction upon the means of the TPCK scores.

2013-01-01

282

Developing and validating an instrument for measuring mobile computing self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

IT-related self-efficacy has been found to have a critical influence on system use. However, traditional measures of computer self-efficacy and Internet-related self-efficacy are perceived to be inapplicable in the context of mobile computing and commerce because they are targeted primarily at either desktop computer or wire-based technology contexts. Based on previous research, this study develops and validates a multidimensional instrument for measuring mobile computing self-efficacy (MCSE). This empirically validated instrument will be useful to researchers in developing and testing the theories of mobile user behavior, and to practitioners in assessing the mobile computing self-efficacy of users and promoting the use of mobile commerce systems. PMID:18721088

Wang, Yi-Shun; Wang, Hsiu-Yuan

2008-08-01

283

Preliminary studies of adaptation of Self- efficacy Scale for Sources of Mathematics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the field of educational psychologically the construct of self-efficacy has received special attention. It has been shown that those students who trust in their own abilities get better academic performance. However, few studies analyze the sources of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy believes are developed according to how people interpret information coming from four different sources: experience skills, vicarious learning, social persuasion, and physiological states. Recently, Usher & Pajares (2009 developed an instrument to assess sources of self-efficacy in Math. The goal of the present work was to evaluate psychometric properties of this scale in a local sample of adolescents from 13 to 15 years old. Preliminary results supported the use of this measure as an adequate alternative to assess self-efficacy in Math. However, more studies are needed in order to obtain a measure more contextualized to the educational system of local students.

Ramírez Flores, Celia María

2011-07-01

284

Pedagogical approaches, contextual variables, and the development of student self-efficacy in undergraduate physics courses  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy, or a person's situation-specific belief that s/he can succeed in a given task, has been successful in a variety of educational studies for predicting behaviors such as perseverance and success (grades), and for understanding which behaviors are attempted or avoided. The focus of this study was to examine if classroom factors such as teaching strategies and classroom climate contribute to students' physics self-efficacy. 121 undergraduates in first semester, calculus-based introductory physics courses completed surveys assessing course experiences, self-efficacy and other outcome variables, and demographic information. Students in sections including a mix of teaching strategies did significantly better than students in the traditional section on outcome variables including self-efficacy. When individual strategies were examined, the strongest relationships were found between cooperative learning strategies and all sources of self-efficacy, and between climate variables and all sources of efficacy.

Fencl, Heidi S.; Scheel, Karen R.

2005-10-21

285

Trait emotional intelligence and leadership self-efficacy: their relationship with collective efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, a leadership model is presented, with which to investigate the relationship of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), leadership self-efficacy and leader's task self-efficacy with collective task efficacy and group performance. The sample was made up of 217 undergraduate students, randomly assigned to work teams of 1 leader and 2 followers that were requested to perform a production task. An adapted version of the Schutte Self-Report Inventory (SSRI; Schutte et al., 1998) was used to measure trait EI. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized relationships. Results indicated that task self-efficacy was a mediator between leadership self-efficacy and collective task efficacy; the latter, in turn, was the best predictor of group performance. No significant relationship was found between trait EI and collective task efficacy although, unexpectedly, trait EI was positively associated with leadership self-efficacy. Implications of the results are discussed. PMID:17992961

Villanueva, José J; Sánchez, José C

2007-11-01

286

Emotional Intelligence, Self-efficacy and Diversity Receptiveness of University Students: A Correlation Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the interrelationship of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy drives, and diversity receptiveness of overseas college students. Factors of emotional intelligence, self-efficacies and diversity receptiveness were examined with these overseas students. Survey data on demographics, the Emotions Scale (EIS, Self-efficacy scale (SES and Diversity Receptive Scale (DRS were collected from eighty nine students enrolled in post graduate business programs. In data collection this study used simple random sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and bivariate correlations between emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and diversity receptiveness. The findings of the study indicate that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence, the competencies of self-efficacy, and diversity receptiveness of college students.

Saeed Behjat

2012-04-01

287

Self-efficacy and its application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a critical review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, a prevalent progressively disabling disease affecting one or both knee joints requires extensive self-management. Self-efficacy, a psychological attribute generally denoting one’s perceived belief about their ability to successfully perform a particular behavior, including health behaviors, is a significant predictor of psychological well-being, adherence to prescribed treatments, and pain coping mechanisms in persons with various forms of chronic disease, including arthritis. This paper examines the available peer-reviewed research published over the last 35 years detailing: i the concept of self-efficacy, ii the relationship between self-efficacy and adjustment to arthritis, iii the research concerning self-efficacy in the context of knee osteoarthritis disability, and iv some promising approaches for promoting the wellbeing of adults with knee osteoarthritis through the application of self-efficacy theory and other approaches. Based on this data, directions for future research and practice are offered.

Ray Marks

2012-01-01

288

Self-efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, Anxiety and Mathematics Achievement: Findings from Turkey, Japan and Finland  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, relationships among self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation and anxiety were investigated across Turkey, Japan and Finland to predict the PISA 2003 mathematics performance. The data of student questionnaire was used in the study. In three of the countries, self-efficacy positively predicted mathematics achievement and this effect was relatively higher in Finland and mediating roles of intrinsic motivation and anxiety between self-efficacy and mathematics achievement were quite small. To investigate the possible sources of self-efficacy beliefs in different cultures may contribute to understand the differences on the relationship between self-efficacy and achievement. Also findings suggest that examining joint relationships when evaluating the strength of relationships among motivational beliefs and achievement are important.

Selada Y?ld?r?m

2011-06-01

289

Changes in Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy: From Science Methods to Student Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to assess preservice teachers self-efficacy at different stages of their educationalcareer in an attempt to determine the extent to which self-efficacy beliefs may change over time. In addition, thecritical incidents, which may contribute to changes in self-efficacy, were also investigated. The instrument usedin the study was the Teaching Science as Inquiry (TSI Instrument. The TSI Instrument was administered to 38preservice elementary teachers to measure the self-efficacy beliefs of the teacher participants in regard to theteaching of science as inquiry. Based on the results and the associated data analysis, mean and median valuesdemonstrate positive change for self-efficacy and outcome expectancy throughout the data collection period.

Lori A. Smolleck

2011-12-01

290

The Combined Effects of Classroom Teaching and Learning Strategy Use on Students' Chemistry Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

For students to be successful in school chemistry, a strong sense of self-efficacy is essential. Chemistry self-efficacy can be defined as students' beliefs about the extent to which they are capable of performing specific chemistry tasks. According to Bandura (Psychol. Rev. 84:191-215, 1977), students acquire information about their level of self-efficacy from four sources: performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. No published studies have investigated how instructional strategies in chemistry lessons can provide students with positive experiences with these four sources of self-efficacy information and how the instructional strategies promote students' chemistry self-efficacy. In this study, questionnaire items were constructed to measure student perceptions about instructional strategies, termed efficacy-enhancing teaching, which can provide positive experiences with the four sources of self-efficacy information. Structural equation modeling was then applied to test a hypothesized mediation model, positing that efficacy-enhancing teaching positively affects students' chemistry self-efficacy through their use of deep learning strategies such as metacognitive control strategies. A total of 590 chemistry students at nine secondary schools in Hong Kong participated in the survey. The mediation model provided a good fit to the student data. Efficacy-enhancing teaching had a direct effect on students' chemistry self-efficacy. Efficacy-enhancing teaching also directly affected students' use of deep learning strategies, which in turn affected students' chemistry self-efficacy. The implications of these findings for developing secondary school students' chemistry self-efficacy are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2014-05-01

291

Self-Efficacy, Performance, Training and Well-Being of Industrial Workers in Lagos, Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether Self- Efficacy (SE has anything to do with industrialemployees’ training, performance and well-being in Nigeria industrial settings. Self-Efficacy (belief about one’sability to accomplish specific tasks form a central role in the regulatory process through which an individual’smotivation and performance are governed. It also affects employees’ training and well-being. The descriptivesurvey research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted. The population for the study consisted ofemployees of SKG Lagos, Glaxo, Ikeja and Smithkline Beecham, Ogba. The simple random sampling techniquewas used to select 274 respondents for the study. Four research instruments structured on a modified four pointrating format of Strongly Agree (SA=4, Agree (A=3, Disagree (D=2. Strongly Disagree (SD=1 were used andhaving reliability coefficient of: Self-Efficacy Scale (SES=0.85; Training Acquisition Scale (TAS=0.80; WorkPerformance Scale (WPS=0.82 and Well-being Scale (WBS=0.87. Data were analyzed with t-test statistic. Thefinding revealed that workers with high self-efficacy are higher performers of assigned duties than those withlow selfefficacy, workers with high level of self-efficacy are more amenable to training than those with lowlevel of selfefficacy and workers with high self-efficacy are better in their well-being than those with low selfefficacy. It was recommended that industrial social worker should work on the psychic of the workers so thattheir self-efficacy can be developed or strengthen positively with the intent of promoting higher performance,adaptability to training and fostering of employees well-being.

E. M. Ajala

2013-05-01

292

Auto-eficácia e sintomas depressivos em doentes com dor crônica / Self-efficacy and depressive symptoms in chronic pain patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Auto-eficácia é a crença na habilidade pessoal de desempenhar com sucesso tarefas ou de apresentar comportamentos para produzir um resultado desejável. É conceito-chave para o adequado controle de doenças crônicas e estudos sobre o tema são incipientes no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a crença [...] de auto-eficácia de pacientes com dor crônica e relacioná-la a variáveis sociodemográficas, de características da dor e à presença de sintomas depressivos. MÉTODOS: A amostra, de conveniência, foi de 132 sujeitos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram a Escala de Auto-Eficácia para Dor Crônica (AEDC) e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (IDB). RESULTADOS: O escore médio de auto-eficácia foi 170,8 (DP = 56,7). Auto-eficácia menor foi observada nos pacientes com até 8 anos de escolaridade, quando comparada à de pacientes com escolaridade entre 9 e 11 anos (p = 0,015). Auto-eficácia mais elevada foi observada nos doentes com dor menos intensa (p = 0,042). A Escala AEDC apresentou correlação negativa com o IDB (r = - 0,48; p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is the belief about one’s personal ability to perform a task or specific behavior successfully. Self-efficacy is a key concept to manage chronic diseases and the studies about it are insufficient in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate chronic pain patient’s self-efficacy belief [...] and relate to social demographic variables, pain and depressive symptoms. METHODS: The convenience sample was 132 subjects. The instruments utilized were Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale (CPSS) in Portuguese version (AEDC) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). RESULTS: The self-efficacy average score was 170.8 (DP = 56.7). Low self-efficacy was observed in 8 year education level patients compared to 9 to 11 year education level (p = 0.015). Higher self-efficacy was observed in patients with lower pain intensity (p = 0.042). The AEDC was negative correlated to IDB depression (r = - 0.48; p

Marina de Góes, Salvetti; Cibele Andrucioli de Mattos, Pimenta; Lais Verderame, Lage; José Oswaldo de, Oliveira Junior; Roberto de Oliveira, Rocha.

293

Does Math Self-Efficacy Mediate the Effect of the Perceived Classroom Environment on Standardized Math Test Performance?  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the effect of the perceived classroom environment on math self-efficacy and the effect of math self-efficacy on standardized math test performance. Upper elementary school students (N = 1,163) provided self-reports of their perceived math self-efficacy and the degree to which their math classroom environment was mastery oriented,…

Fast, Lisa A.; Lewis, James L.; Bryant, Michael J.; Bocian, Kathleen A.; Cardullo, Richard A.; Rettig, Michael; Hammond, Kimberly A.

2010-01-01

294

Using Predictions to Learn about the Self-Efficacy of Early Adolescents with and without Learning Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study used conventional self-efficacy measures as well as predictions of performance to examine the spelling and writing efficacy beliefs of early adolescents with and without learning disabilities (LD). In addition, the study examined two types of global efficacy--self-efficacy for self-regulated learning and general self-efficacy. The…

Klassen, Robert M.

2007-01-01

295

Self-Efficacy in the Context of Online Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature and Directions for Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to examine the construct of self-efficacy in the context of online learning environments. Self-efficacy is defined as "beliefs in one's capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments" (Bandura, [1997], p. 3). Traditionally, the four main sources of self-efficacy

Hodges, Charles B.

2008-01-01

296

The Role of Different Types of Feedback in the Reciprocal Interaction of Teaching Performance and Self-Efficacy Belief  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of feedback based on self-efficacy belief sources in the reciprocal interaction of teaching performance and self-efficacy beliefs. A single case study design was employed to address and began to bridge the gap in our understanding of the relationship between feedback, self-efficacy belief and…

Akkuzu, Nalan

2014-01-01

297

Elementary Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Science: Role of Grade Level, Gender, and Socio-Economic Status  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined grade level and gender difference with respect to elementary students' science and technology self-efficacy. Additionally, relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and self-efficacy was examined. A total of 145 elementary students participated in the study. Self efficacy towards Science and Technology Scale was used to…

Karaarslan, Guliz; Sungur, Semra

2011-01-01

298

Gender Differences in School Children's Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Students' and Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

This small scale study examined gender differences in self-efficacy. 24 girls and 28 boys aged between 10 and 12 years completed self-efficacy questionnaires and attainment tests. The study was conducted in two primary school classrooms in England and the results indicated that gender differences in self-efficacy were significant with boys holding…

Webb-Williams, Jane

2014-01-01

299

Discriminant and Incremental Validity of Self-Concept and Academic Self-Efficacy: A Meta-Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies examined the discriminant and incremental validity of self-concept and academic self-efficacy. Study 1, which meta-analysed 64 studies comprising 74 independent samples (N = 24,773), found a strong mean correlation of 0.43 between self-concept and academic self-efficacy. The domains of self-concept and self-efficacy, and the domain…

Huang, Chiungjung

2012-01-01

300

Examining Elementary School-Aged Children's Self-Efficacy and Proxy Efficacy for Fruit and Vegetable Consumption  

Science.gov (United States)

Children's self-efficacy for fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) and proxy efficacy to influence others to make fruit and vegetables (FV) available may influence their FVC. A previous investigation has demonstrated that self-efficacy for fruit consumption, self-efficacy for vegetable consumption, proxy efficacy to influence parents to make FV…

Geller, Karly S.; Dzewaltowski, David A.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

A COMPARISON OF FOOTBALL PLAYERS’ SPORT CONFIDENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS IN TURKEY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to examine the sport confidence and self-efficacy beliefs in football players participating in either super league (N = 48 or second league (N = 53. Athletes completed the Trait Sport Confidence Inventory (TSCI, State Sport Confidence Invetory (SSCI, and Self-Efficacy Scale (SES. Pearson Moment Correlation results indicated a positive significant relationship between State Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacy levels (r = .492, Trait Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacty levels (r = .493 and State Sport Confidence and Trait Sport Confidence levels (r = .766 of the Super League players. Results also revealed a non-significant relationship between State Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacy levels (r = .227 and a postive significant relationship was found between Trait Sport Confidence and Self-Efficacty levels (r = .271 and State Sport Confidence and Trait Sport Confidence levels (r = .787 of the Second League players. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA analyses revealed significant differences between the Super League and Second League players’ self-efficacy beliefs (F(1,99 = 7.188, p = .009. The linear regression results revealed that for both the Super League and Second League players, trait sport-confidence predicted state sport-confidence and self-efficacy. Finally, it was revealed that the super league and second league football players were similar with regard to sport confidence, whereas, they had different self-efficacy beliefs..

Ozan BOZKURT

2012-12-01

302

Agricultural Personnel’s Proactive Behavior: Effects of Self efficacy Perceptions and Perceived Organizational Support  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A model for predicting psychological empowerment and proactive behavior was examined with 80 agricultural personnel from Karaj, Iran country. They completed measures of perceived organizational support (POS, psychological empowerment (PE, self efficacy (JSE, and proactive behavior (PB. Results supported the conceptual framework of study for understanding internal and motivational underpinnings that may contribute to explain psychological empowerment and proactive behavior. Perceived organizational support and self efficacy related positively to psychological empowerment and proactive behavior, and perceived organizational support and self efficacy each contributed distinctive variance to the explanation of psychological empowerment. Self efficacy partially mediated the relationship between perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment, psychological empowerment partially mediated the relationship between self efficacy and proactive behavior, and the combination of psychological empowerment and self efficacy fully mediated the relationship between perceived organizational support and proactive behavior. Finally, the research provided managerial implications.
Key words: Psychological Empowerment (PE; Proactive Behavior (PB; Perceived Organizational Support (POS; Self Efficacy

Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi

2012-03-01

303

Cultural self-efficacy of Canadian nursing students caring for aboriginal patients with diabetes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cultural self-efficacy refers to how capable one feels functioning in culturally diverse situations. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of cultural self-efficacy among nursing students, specifically in relation to individuals of Aboriginal ancestry. The authors examined the extent to which intercultural anxiety, intercultural communication, and experience with persons of Aboriginal ancestry predicted two aspects of cultural self-efficacy, namely, knowledge and skills. In this correlational study, non-Aboriginal Canadian nursing students (N = 59) completed a survey assessing these variables. Overall, cultural self-efficacy was rated as moderate by nursing students. Regression analyses indicated that greater intercultural communication skills and experience with persons of Aboriginal ancestry were significant unique predictors of higher cultural knowledge self-efficacy. Greater intercultural communication and lower intercultural anxiety significantly predicted higher cultural skills self-efficacy. The results provide direction to nursing programs interested in facilitating higher levels of cultural self-efficacy among nursing students. PMID:22477719

Quine, Allisson; Hadjistavropoulos, Heather D; Alberts, Nicole M

2012-07-01

304

Associations between depressive symptoms, self-efficacy, eating styles, exercise and body mass index in women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores cross-sectional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass index (BMI) in women working in schools in the Greater New Orleans area. Self-efficacy for eating and exercise, eating styles, and exercise are examined as potential pathways. This is a secondary data analysis of 743 women who were participating in a workplace wellness randomized controlled trial to address environmental factors influencing eating and exercise behaviors using baseline data prior to the intervention. BMI was the primary outcome examined. Path analysis suggested that increased depressive symptoms were associated with increased BMI in women. Indirect effects of depressive symptoms on BMI were found for increased healthy eating self-efficacy, increased emotional eating, and decreased exercise self-efficacy. The association between greater healthy eating self efficacy and BMI was unexpected, and may indicate a suppressor effect of eating self-efficacy in the relationship between depressive symptoms and BMI in women. The findings suggest the importance of depressive symptoms to BMI in women. Targets for interventions to reduce BMI include targeting depressive symptoms and related sequelae including self-efficacy for exercise, and emotional eating. Further investigation of eating self-efficacy and BMI are recommended with particular attention to both efficacy for health eating and avoidance of unhealthy foods. PMID:23934179

Clum, Gretchen A; Rice, Janet C; Broussard, Marsha; Johnson, Carolyn C; Webber, Larry S

2014-08-01

305

Predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women in South Florida.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is a critical element for HIV prevention, however little is known about the predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women. In this cross-sectional study we assessed if age, living with a partner, employment status, HIV knowledge, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence (IPV) predicted self-efficacy for HIV prevention in 548 Hispanic women in South Florida who participated in a randomized controlled trial (SEPA). The majority of Hispanic women reported high levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Women who were older, living with a partner, had less HIV knowledge, and had a history of IPV reported significantly lower levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. HIV knowledge was the most important predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Employment was not a significant predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Predictors identified in the study can be used to identify high-risk Hispanic women who are in need of HIV prevention interventions. PMID:22795758

Villegas, Natalia; Cianelli, Rosina; Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa; Kaelber, Lorena; Ferrer, Lilian; Peragallo, Nilda

2013-01-01

306

Medical student self-efficacy, knowledge and communication in adolescent medicine  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To evaluate student self-efficacy, knowledge and communication with teen issues and learning activities. Methods Data were collected during the 8-week pediatric rotation for third–year medical students at a local children’s hospital. Students completed a self-efficacy instrument at the beginning and end of the rotation; knowledge and communication skills were evaluated during standardized patient cases as part of the objective structured clinical examination. Self-efficacy, knowledge and communication frequencies were described with descriptive statistics; differences between groups were also evaluated utilizing two-sample t-tests. Results Self-efficacy levels of both groups increased by the end of the pediatric rotation, but students in the two-lecture group displayed significantly higher self-efficacy in confidentiality with adolescents (t(35)=-2.543, p=0.02); interviewing adolescents, assessing risk, sexually transmitted infection risk and prevention counseling, contraception counseling were higher with marginal significance. No significant differences were found between groups for communication; assessing sexually transmitted infection risk was marginally significant for knowledge application during the clinical exam. Conclusions Medical student self-efficacy appears to change over time with effects from different learning methods; this higher self-efficacy may increase future comfort and willingness to work with this high-risk, high-needs group throughout a medical career. PMID:25341226

Pasold, Tracie L.; Boateng, Beatrice A.; Hensel, Devon J.

2014-01-01

307

An Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Scale with a Neutral Wording  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this book chapter I present a multidimensional entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) scale. The scale builds on three established ESE-scales, but the reliability of it is improved compared to the original three scales as the highly discipline-specific jargon is transformed to a more neutral wording of the items. The scale has been tested in a large scale survey including 445 students from twelve different programmes at three universities in Denmark and one university in Sweden. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) has been applied in order to investigate the multidimensionality of the items in the scale, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been applied to investigate its convergent, discriminatory and nomological validity. The results demonstrate support for a multidimensional ESE-scale with high predictive validity regarding entrepreneurial behaviours and with high reliability as the items are comprehensible to respondents, regardless if they have entrepreneurial experience or not. The scale can thus beused in programme evaluations that include control groups or other type of individuals that lack entrepreneurial experience.

Moberg, Kåre

2012-01-01

308

The effect of computer-based resuscitation simulation on nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Computer-based simulation has intuitive appeal to both educators and learners with the flexibility of time, place, immediate feedback, and self-paced and consistent curriculum. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of computer-based simulation on nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction between computer-based simulation plus instructor-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation training group and instructor-led resuscitation training-only group. This study was a nonequivalent control group posttest-only design. There were 213 second year nursing students randomly assigned to one of two groups: 109 nursing students with computer-based simulation or 104 with control group. Overall nursing students' performance score was higher in the computer-based simulation group than in the control group but reached no statistical significance (t = 1.086, p = .283). There were no significant differences in resuscitation-specific self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction between the two groups. Computer-based simulation combined with hands-on practice did not affect in nursing students' performance, self-efficacy, post-code stress, and satisfaction in nursing students. Further study must be conducted to inform instructional design and help integrate computer-based simulation and rigorous scoring rubrics. PMID:25087325

Roh, Young Sook; Kim, Sang Suk

2014-01-01

309

Affective Factors That Influence Chemistry Achievement (Attitude And Self EfficacyAnd The Power Of These Factors To Predict Chemistry Achievement-I  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, our aim was to determine students’ perception level of attitude and self efficacy towards chemistry and to put forth effects of these variables on chemistry achievement for consideration (in other words, to determine how the chemistry achievement were predicted by these variables. In this point of view the research was conducted with 819 students studying at the 1st, 2nd and the 3rd grade of 10 high schools which are located in the city center of Mersin. Addressed to research problems, data was analyzed via descriptive, correlation, linear and multiple regression statistical analyses. As a result it is determined that 2nd graders group of high schools has maximum attitude scores and the attitude towards chemistry lesson, on its own, is a significant predictor of chemistry achievement. it is also determined that 2nd graders group of high schools has maximum self efficacy scores and the self efficacy towards chemistry lesson, on its own, is a significant predictor of chemistry achievement.

Adnan KAN

2006-05-01

310

Developing Mindfulness in College Students through Movement Based Courses: Effects on Self-Regulatory Self-Efficacy, Mood, Stress, and Sleep Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective This study examined whether mindfulness increased through participation in movement based courses and whether changes in self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, and perceived stress mediated the relationship between increased mindfulness and better sleep. Participants 166 college students enrolled in the 2007-2008 academic year in 15 week classes in Pilates, Taiji quan, or GYROKINESIS®. Methods At beginning, middle, and end of the semester, participants completed measures of mindfulness, self-regulatory self-efficacy, mood, perceived stress and sleep quality. Results Total mindfulness scores and mindfulness subscales increased overall. Greater changes in mindfulness were directly related to better sleep quality at the end of the semester after adjusting for sleep disturbance at the beginning. Tired Mood, Negative Arousal, Relaxed Mood, and Perceived Stress mediated the effect of increased mindfulness on improved sleep. Conclusions Movement based courses can increase mindfulness. Increased mindfulness accounts for changes in mood and perceived stress that explain, in part, improved sleep quality. PMID:20304755

Caldwell, Karen; Harrison, Mandy; Adams, Marianne; Quin, Rebecca H; Greeson, Jeffrey

2010-01-01

311

Do job autonomy and negotiation self-efficacy improve employment relationships?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated whether improving the employment relationship does more depend on negotiation selfefficacy or on task outonomy for a sample of employees from a Dutch telecom company. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the effects of negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy on integrative negotiation and the effect of integrative negotiation on psychological contract breach. Results indicate that employees negotiate more integratively when they have higher negotiation self-efficacy, compared to employees with more task autonomy. Empirical support was found for the prediction that higher negotiation self-efficacy and task autonomy correlates with less psychological contract breach.

Peter R A Oeij

2006-02-01

312

Self-Efficacy in EFL: Difference among Proficiency Groups and Relationship with Success  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study intended to investigate the self-efficacy of EFL students enrolled at Gaziantep University’s School of Foreign Languages (GUSFL). More specifically, the aim was to explore EFL self-efficacy level of the students in relation to their academic success in English. In addition, demographic variables such as students’ age and gender were studied in relation to their self-efficacy. This study was conducted in the spring semester of 2007-2008 academic years. One hundred seventy five p...

Tilfarliog?lu, Filiz Yalc??n; Ci?nkara, Emrah

2009-01-01

313

English Bar as a Venue to Boost Students’ Speaking Self-Efficacy at the Tertiary Level  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research in EFL and ESL has confirmed that self-efficacy affects language learners’ choices of learning tasks, persistence, motivation and achievement. As a cognitive construct, self-efficacy can be strengthened by both outcomes of behaviors and input from the environment. This paper studies the effects of an English Bar, a self-access center for students to practice oral English, on Chinese college students’ self-efficacy enhancement. The study’s questionnaire and in-depth interviews reveal that students who often go to the Bar to speak in English demonstrate considerably higher levels of self-efficacy than their peers who seldom or never visit the Bar. Finally, the implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

Mingxu Liu

2013-11-01

314

Teacher self-efficacy and perceived autonomy: relations with teacher engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion.  

Science.gov (United States)

When studied separately, research shows that both teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are associated with adaptive motivational and emotional outcomes. This study tested whether teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are independently associated with engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. 2,569 Norwegian teachers in elementary school and middle school (719 men, 1,850 women; M age = 45.0 yr., SD = 11.5) were administered the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale, the Teacher Autonomy Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Teacher Job Satisfaction Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The analysis revealed that both teacher autonomy and self-efficacy were independent predictors of engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. This study suggests that autonomy or decision latitude works positively but through different processes for teachers with high and low mastery expectations. PMID:24765710

Skaalvik, Einar M; Skaalvik, Sidsel

2014-02-01

315

An Empirical Examination of a Four-component of Creative Self-efficacy among Undergraduate Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Creativity is very important to undergraduate students’careers as other important ability and skills. In this study, the author surveyed 135 undergraduate students who study in Zhejiang Gongshang University, China. Their majors is a wide range. The survey is about their creative self-efficacy. Creative self-efficacy and other key variables were measured by subjective way, using self-described questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis, MANOVA and so on were used to get the results. The results showed that confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit of theoretical construct of the scale. Creative self-efficacy had four dimensions. This paper makes a valuable contribution to creative self-efficacy literatures and university education. This study also will give some theoretical supports for university, the academic communities and other parties who are devoted in improving undergraduate students’creativity.

Chen Yu

2013-01-01

316

Learning to teach effectively: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate teaching assistants' teaching self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are important in the teaching of undergraduate students (Golde & Dore, 2001). However, they are often poorly prepared for teaching (Luft, Kurdziel, Roehrig, & Turner, 2004). This dissertation addresses teaching effectiveness in three related manuscripts: (1) A position paper that summarizes the current research on and develops a model of GTA teaching effectiveness. (2) An adaptation and validation of two instruments; GTA perception of teaching training and STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. (3) A model test of factors that predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Together these three papers address key questions in the understanding of teaching effectiveness in STEM GTAs including: (a) What is our current knowledge of factors that affect the teaching effectiveness of GTAs? (b) Given that teaching self-efficacy is strongly linked to teaching performance, how can we measure STEM GTAs teaching self-efficacy? (c) Is there a better way to measure GTA teaching training than currently exists? (d) What factors predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy? An original model for GTA teaching effectiveness was developed from a thorough search of the GTA teaching literature. The two instruments---perception of training and teaching self-efficacy---were tested through self-report surveys using STEM GTAs from six different universities including Oregon State University (OSU). The data was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Using GTAs from the OSU colleges of science and engineering, the model of sources of STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy was tested by administering self-report surveys and analyzed by using OLS regression analysis. Language and cultural proficiency, departmental teaching climate, teaching self-efficacy, GTA training, and teaching experience affect GTA teaching effectiveness. GTA teaching self-efficacy is a second-order factor combined from self-efficacy for instructional strategies and a positive learning environment. It is correlated to GTA perception of teaching training and university GTA training. The K-12 teaching experience, GTA perception of teaching training, and facilitating factors in the departmental climate predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Hours of GTA training and supervision are fully mediated by perception of GTA training. Implications for research and training of STEM GTAs are discussed.

Dechenne, Sue Ellen

317

Malay Secondary School Students’ Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Descriptive Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As the influential factors affecting intention to become an entrepreneur, entrepreneurial attitude orientation and self-efficacy of students have been one of the main focuses of entrepreneurship research. However, there is not enough information on secondary school students’ attitude toward and efficacy of entrepreneurship particularly, in Malaysia. Through a descriptive approach, this study aimed to determine entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial self-efficacy in order to evaluate t...

Lope Pihie, Z. A.; Bagheri, A.

2011-01-01

318

The Effect of Science Teacher Candidates’ Self-Efficacy towards Science Education on Academic Achievement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of study is to determinate the effect of self-efficacy beliefs towards science instruction on the academic achievement. In addition, it is investigated that effect of gender on self-efficacy and academic achievement. The sample of this research consist of total 127 candidates science teachers who attend II. III. IV. grades of Gazi University, Educational Faculty, Science Teaching Program on the spring semester of 2008-2009 educational period. In this study, to collect data, “System ...

Fettahliog?lu, P?nar; Gu?ven, Ezgi; I?nce Aka, Elvan; Sert C?ibik, Ays?e; Aydog?du, Mustafa

2011-01-01

319

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants Teaching Self-Efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The graduate experience is a critical time for development of academic faculty, but often there is little preparation for teaching during the graduate career.  Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor’s belief in his or her ability to teach students in a specific context, can help to predict teaching behavior and student achievement, and can be used as a measure of graduate students’ development as instructors.  An instrument measuring teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, ...

Sue Ellen DeChenne; Enochs, Larry G.; Mark Needham

2012-01-01

320

Goal orientation and self-efficacy in relation to memory in adulthood  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The achievement goal framework (Dweck, 1986) has been well-established in children and college-students, but has rarely been examined empirically with older adults. The current study, including younger and older adults, examined the effects of memory self-efficacy, learning goals (focusing on skill mastery over time) and performance goals (focusing on performance outcome evaluations) on memory performance. Questionnaires measured memory self-efficacy and general orientation toward learning an...

Hastings, Erin C.; West, Robin L.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Are Teachers Qualified to Teach Entrepreneurship? Analysis of Entrepreneurial Attitude and Self-efficacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent research on the impacts of entrepreneurship education revealed that graduates lack the motivation and competencies required for new venture creation. Students entrepreneurial motivation and competencies can be highly influenced by teachers attitude toward and self-efficacy in entrepreneurship. However, there is little knowledge about entrepreneurial attitude and self-efficacy of teachers specifically at vocational and technical schools. This study aimed to examine entrepreneurial attit...

Bagheri, A.; Lope Pihie, Z. A.

2011-01-01

322

Self-Efficacy and Critical Thinking Dispositions as Predictors of Success in School Practicum  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A growing body of literature supports the relation between students’ sense of self-efficacy and their academic performance. Similarly, there are studies indicating a relationship between critical thinking dispositions and academic performance. The purpose of the present study is to examine in what degree the teacher candidates’ sense of self-efficacy and critical thinking dispositions predict their success in school practicum course. A total of 104 subjects (23 male, 81 female) participat...

Gülru Yüksel; Bülent Alc?

2012-01-01

323

Self-Efficacy as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-efficacy denotes people's beliefs about their ability to perform in different situations. It functions as a multilevel and multifaceted set of beliefs that influence how people feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave during various tasks. Self-efficacy beliefs are informed by enactive attainment, vicarious experience, imaginal experiences, and social persuasion as well as physical and emotional states. These beliefs are mediated by cognitive, motivational, affective, and selection p...

Tsang, Sandra K. M.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.; Law, Bella C. M.

2012-01-01

324

The Relationships Between Music Self-Efficacies, Self-Esteems and Personal Characteristics of Music Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to determine the relationships between the music self-efficacies and self-esteems of students who receive vocational music training at the high school and university levels in Antalya. In addition, the research aims at determining the correlations between students' music self-efficacy and self-esteem levels, and their personal characteristics such as gender, school, major instrument, daily practice time and total instrument experience. The universe consisted of 56,5% ...

O?zmentes?, Go?kmen Akdeniz U?niversitesi

2014-01-01

325

Social Norms and Self-efficacy Among Heavy Using Adolescent Marijuana Smokers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Adolescence is a time in which individuals are particularly likely to engage in health-risk behaviors, with marijuana being the most prevalent illicit drug used. Perceptions of others’ use (i.e., norms) have previously been found to be related to increased marijuana use. Additionally, low refusal self-efficacy has been associated with increased marijuana consumption. This cross-sectional study examined the effects of normative perceptions and self-efficacy on negative marijuana outcomes for...

Walker, Denise D.; Neighbors, Clayton; Rodriguez, Lindsey M.; Stephens, Robert S.; Roffman, Roger A.

2011-01-01

326

Self-Efficacy In Relation Emotional Intelligence Of Senior Secondary School Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research has been performed with the aim of determining the relation between emotional intelligence (EI) and Self-Efficacy of the senior secondary school students. In gathering the data the descriptive method has been used and the measuring tools of Self-Efficacy Questionnaire developed by Peter Muris and Emotional Intelligence scale (2005) developed by Dr. Rambir Sharma have been used. The results obtained from Pearson Correlation showed that there is a positive signi...

Rita Saini

2012-01-01

327

Parenting self-efficacy and stress in mothers and fathers of children with Down Syndrome  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study, the relationship between the parenting self-efficacy and parenting stress of 53 parents (28 mothers, 25 fathers) of children with Down Syndrome (ages 4 months to 10 years) was explored. Levels of parenting stress in this sample were also compared to norms of parents of typically developing children. Results demonstrated a significant negative correlation between parenting stress and self-efficacy among parents of children with Down Syndrome. Mothers and fathers of children with...

Macinnes, Lindsey Kelsey

2009-01-01

328

Identity statuses as moderators of the relations of self -efficacy and outcome expectations to goal formation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Within the Lent, Brown and Hackett's (1994) social cognitive career theory framework, the moderating effects of identity achievement and moratorium on the relations of self-efficacy and outcome expectation to goal development were investigated. Statistically significant positive correlations were discovered among the self-efficacy, outcome expectation, identity achievement, and moratorium and goal formation variables. Identity achievement was not found to moderate the relations of self-effica...

Heatherton, Brian Francis

2002-01-01

329

Autoeficacia en escolares adolescentes: su relación con la depresión, el rendimiento académico y las relaciones familiares / Self-efficacy in school age adolescents: its relationship with depression, academic achievement and family relationships  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las relaciones familiares son estimadas como elementos mediadores en diferentes tipos de autoeficacia; no obstante existe poca evidencia sobre la mediación de las relaciones familiares con la autoeficacia académica. Con respecto a ésta última se ha reportado su relación con la ansiedad y poco se ha [...] documentado el vínculo con la depresión. En este trabajo se explora la relación entre la depresión, la autoeficacia académica, la dinámica familiar y el rendimiento académico. Participaron ochenta alumnos de educación secundaria, divididos en dos grupos en función de sus puntajes del Inventario de Depresión de Kovacs: en uno de ellos se incluyeron los que fueron identificados como deprimidos severos y en el otro, los que se diagnosticaron sin depresión. A ambos grupos les fueron aplicadas dos escalas: Clima Social en la Familia y Autoeficacia. Los resultados revelan una relación inversa entre depresión y autoeficacia total. La cohesión familiar correlaciona positivamente con la autoeficacia total y con el factor de autoeficacia académica en los sujetos sin depresión, en tanto que en los sujetos deprimidos severos las relaciones familiares conflictivas correlacionan de manera negativa tanto en el factor de autoeficacia social como en la autoeficacia académica. Abstract in english Family relationships are regarded as mediating elements in different types of self-efficacy. However, there is few evidence on the mediating of family relationships with academic self efficacy. In respect to the latter, its relation to anxiety has been reported and its link with depression has been [...] poorly documented. This work explores the relationship between depression, academic self-efficacy, family dynamics and academic achievement. Eighty middle school students participated, divided into two groups by their scores m Kovacs' Inventory of Depression. One group was formed with those students diagnosed with severe depression; the other one was formed with students diagnosed without depression. Both groups were applied two scales: that of Family Enviromental Scale and that of Self Efficacy. The results show an inverse relationship between depression and total self-efficacy. Family cohesion positively correlates total self efficacy and the factor of academic self efficacy on subjects without depression, while, on subjects severely depressed, conflictive family relations correlate in a negative way both the social self efficacy factor and the total academic self efficacy.

Iris X., Galicia-Moyeda; Alejandra, Sánchez-Velasco; Francisco J., Robles-Ojeda.

2013-05-01

330

Neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, and self-efficacy influences on physical activity in older women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Perceptions of one's environment and functional status have been linked to physical activity in older adults. However, little is known about these associations over time, and even less about the possible mediators of this relationship. We examined the roles played by neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, self-efficacy, and physical activity in a sample of older women over a 6-month period. Methods Participants (N = 137, M age = 69.6 years completed measures of neighborhood satisfaction, functional limitations, self-efficacy, and physical activity at baseline and again 6 months later. Results Analyses indicated that changes in neighborhood satisfaction and functional limitations had direct effects on residual changes in self-efficacy, and changes in self-efficacy were associated with changes in physical activity at 6 months. Conclusion Our findings support a social cognitive model of physical activity in which neighborhood satisfaction and functional status effects on physical activity are in part mediated by intermediate individual outcomes such as self-efficacy. Additionally, these findings lend support to the position that individual perceptions of both the environment and functional status can have prospective effects on self-efficacy cognitions and ultimately, physical activity behavior.

McAuley Edward

2008-02-01

331

OCCUPATIONAL SELF EFFICACY ROLE CONFLICT AND MENTAL HEALTH OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of the present study was to study the Occupational Selfefficacy role conflict and Mental Health of school teachers. The sample consisted of 600 primary school teachers selected from Belgaum and Dharwad district of Karnatak state.The objectives of the present study were; i to study the significant difference in the occupational self efficacy, role conflict and mental health of male and female primary school teachers working in public and private aided schools. ii To find out the correlation between occupational Self-efficacy and Role Conflict of School Teachers. iii To find out the correlation between Occupational Self-efficacy and Mental Health of School Teachers.Findings of the study revealed that, i There is no significant difference in the Occupational Self-efficacy, Role Conflict and Mental Health of both Male and Female Primary School Teachers working in Public and Private aided schools. ii There is Negative and significant correlation between Occupational Self-efficacy and Role Conflict of Teachers. iii There is a positive and significant correlation between occupational self-efficacy and Mental Health of School Teachers.

S.G.JADHAV

2013-01-01

332

The Relationship between EFL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Their Language Learning Strategy Use  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of education has changed from teacher-directed to learner-oriented instruction in previous years. Majority of studies in the field of EFL/ESL learning involves issues relevant to learners and their individual differences. Therefore, the present study focused on some of these individual variables; namely self-efficacy and language learning strategies. This study aimed at exploring the relationship between EFL learner's self-efficacy and language learning strategy use. Also, frequently language learning strategies by EFL learners and the existence of a significant difference in their self-efficacy beliefs and strategy use due to gender and years of English study are investigated. A group of 130 first year university students consented to participate in the present study. The results of statistical analyses indicated that there was no relationship between self-efficacy and language learning strategy use. Moreover, metacognitive strategies are frequently used language learning strategies by EFL learners. In addition, there were no significant differences in both self-efficacy and strategy use due to gender. But, there were significant differences in self-efficacy beliefs and only in metacognitive strategies due to years of English study.

Alireza Bonyadi

2012-06-01

333

Effects of Feedback Types on the Student?s Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-efficacy has been found to play a key role in academic learning, and has a positive correlation with the student’s learning performance. Hence, how to improve student’s self-efficacy has become a major topic. Previous research shows that feedback can promote students' positive attitude towards learning and enhance the learning achievement. Hence, this study investigated the impact of the type of feedback for self-efficacy. There were 13 senior high school students participated in this study, and our results showed that self-efficacy and feedback behavior has a significant correlation. From the point of view of receiving different kinds of feedback, receiving KCR type of feedback can enhance student’s self-efficacy. Our findings can be used as a reference for teachers to design their Web-based learning courses. In particular, the EF type of feedback is regarded as a higher level of feedback. The more EF types of feedback students receive, the less self-efficacy students have. One possible reason is that the EF type of feedback is few, while many students receive the KCR types of feedback.

Kai-Hsiang Yang

2013-06-01

334

Postpartum Exercise among Nigerian Women: Issues Relating to Exercise Performance and Self-Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical exercise during postpartum period is beneficial to mothers, and the health gains are abundantly reported. This study characterises the postpartum exercise profile of a group of Nigerian women and reports how their exercise self-efficacies are influenced by sociodemographic characteristics. Participants were women attending the two largest postnatal clinics in Ibadan, south-western Nigeria. A self-developed questionnaire assessed the socio-demographic and exercise profile of participants, while the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale assessed their exercise self-efficacy. About two-third (61.0%) of the participants were not aware that they could undertake physical exercise to enhance postpartum health, and 109 (47.8%) were not engaged in any exercise. Those who exercised did so for less than three days/week, and 89% of the women did not belong to any exercise support group. Exercise self-efficacy was significantly (P exercise programme, age, employment, work hours/week, monthly income, and number of pregnancies. Most of the women were not aware they could engage in postpartum exercise, and about half were not undertaking it. More women with high compared to moderate exercise self-efficacy undertook the exercise. Efforts at increasing awareness, improving exercise self-efficacy and adoption of postpartum exercise are desirable among the Nigerian women. PMID:23844290

Adeniyi, A F; Ogwumike, O O; Bamikefa, T R

2013-01-01

335

The Assessment of Self-Efficacy Level According to University StudentsAND#8217; Smoking Situation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ABSTRACT AIM: This essay is made with the aim of assessing of self-efficacy level according to university students’ smoking situation. METHOD: The study that is descriptive type was made in between September 2009-June 2010 in University of Bingol. Totally 920 students who attend Bingol Universty in 2009-2010 academic year consist of the universe of the study. The choice of sample wasn’t used in the study, the study completed with 765 students who were volunteer to join the study data was collected by using the form including socio-demographic data and self-efficacy scale. Evaluating data was made by descriptive tests in computer environment, t test and analysis of variance. RESULTS: The rate of students’ smoking is 6,9 % among girls, 37,4 % among boys and it is totally 44,3 %. It was determined that place that they live, their fathers’ education of smoking students idea quit smoking effect their self-efficacy level. It was determined that family type, marital status, fathers’ education of non-smoking students effect their self-efficacy level. CONCLUSION: It is found that self-efficacy of non-smoking students is higher than the self-efficacy of smoking students. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(3.000: 255-264

Nur Ozlem Kilinc

2012-06-01

336

Teacher Training and Pre-service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful for teacher training universities, so that they can adapt their curriculum to accommodate these factors. Participants included 292 pre-service primary teachers, a cross-sectional sample from two different universities in the Netherlands across the four different years of study in the training program. Based upon our results, we conclude that the science teaching self-efficacy of pre-service teachers, in particular, improved during years 1 and 2, and not during years 3 and 4. Higher levels of self-rated subject-matter knowledge and science teaching experience in primary schools both contributed to higher levels of personal self-efficacy for science teaching. Differences at the university level in courses taken during the first year between science content courses and science methods courses also influenced the pre-service teachers' development of science teaching self-efficacy. After their first year, the pre-service teachers from the university with science content courses had significantly higher self-efficacy than pre-service teachers from the university that offered science methods courses. After the second year of teacher training, however, this difference in self-efficacy was no longer present.

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-06-01

337

Computer self-efficacy - is there a gender gap in tertiary level introductory computing classes?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between introductory computing students, self-efficacy, and gender. Since the use of computers has become more common there has been speculation that the confidence and ability to use them differs between genders. Self-efficacy is an important and useful concept used to describe how a student may perceive their own ability or confidence in using and learning new technology. A survey of students in an introductory computing class has been completed intermittently since the late 1990s. Although some questions have been adapted to meet the changing technology the aim of the survey has remain unchanged. In this study self-efficacy is measured using two self-rating questions. Students are asked to rate their confidence using a computer and also asked to give their perception of their computing knowledge. This paper examines these two aspects of a person's computer self-efficacy in order to identify any differences that may occur between genders in two introductory computing classes, one in 1999 and the other in 2012. Results from the 1999 survey are compared with those from the survey completed in 2012 and investigated to ascertain if the perception that males were more likely to display higher computer self-efficacy levels than their female classmates does or did exist in a class of this type. Results indicate that while overall there has been a general increase in self-efficacy levels in 2012 compared with 1999, there is no significant gender gap.

Shirley Gibbs

2013-01-01

338

SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS, ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND GENDER AS RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to investigate preservice computer teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and achievement motivation levels for educational software development before and after the “Educational Software Design, Development and Evaluation (ESDDE” course. A pretest and post test design without a control group was employed. In 2008, 46 senior students (25 male and 21 female who were enrolled at Computer Education and Instructional Technology department participated in this study.The data were collected by the scale of self-efficacy beliefs towards Educational Software Development (ESD, achievement motivation scale besides student demographics form. Positively, the results revealed that the students’ self efficacy beliefs towards educational software development significantly improved after ESDDE course. Before the course, the students’ self-efficacy beliefs were significantly different according to perceived level of programming competency and gender in favor of male, however after the course there was no significant difference in self-efficacy beliefs regarding gender and perceived level of programming competency. Hence, achievement motivation levels after the course were significantly higher than before while gender and perceived level of programming competency had no significant effect on achievement motivation for ESD. The study is considered to contribute studies investigating gender and computer related self efficacy beliefs in IT education.

Alev ATES

2011-07-01

339

The Relationship between the Self-efficacy and Life Satisfaction of Young Adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between self-efficacy and life satisfaction of young adults. This study is cross-sectional study and variables. Data were collected between March 2012 and April 2012 from young adults who were bachelor degree and attending the Celal Bayar University Pedagogical Formation Program the academic term in 2011-2012. Participants consist of 405 young adults who selected by the simple random sampling. The number of women was determined to be 224 (57% and that of men to be 181 (44%. Their mean age was 26.4. Data were collected by General Self–Efficacy Scale and The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Data was analyzed by ANOVA and regression analysis. It was determined that the self-efficacy of young adults significantly predicted their life satisfaction (48%, p=.05; also, self-efficacy and life satisfaction didn’t significantly differ among the groups in accordance with the perceived level of income. Depending on the results of this study, to raise self-efficacy of young adults can help to achieve their developmental tasks, this is vital for their healthy development and life satisfaction. It can be examine the longitudinal studies of the relationship between self-efficacy and life satisfaction in the young adulthood. Also, the factors that are effective in increasing life satisfaction can be determined through experimental studies to be performed with young adults.

Firdevs Savi Çakar

2012-08-01

340

Imagined Transcultural Histories and Geographies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a globalised world, an assumption prevails that the nation has somehow lost its power to regulate our lives, being undermined by other forces, either top-down through the impact of global capitalism or bottom-up through migrations, transnational religious, ethnic or social movement communities or other transversal politics. A related idea is that ‘culture’ is now irrevocably hybridised and border-zoned, that we no longer live in a world of discrete, located, identifiable and historically grounded cultures but in some unstable and for-the-moment insterstitiality, a sort of cultural interlanguage that sits outside well-mapped structures of power. Yet, just as the nation and the boundaries it sets around culture are being conceptually chased from our maps of the world, they come galloping back to reassert themselves. They do so politically, economically, legally, symbolically. Amidst all the noise of our transnationalisms, hybridities and interstitialities, the idea of what it is to be ‘Australian’ or ‘French’ or ‘Filipino’ or ‘Asian’ reaffirms itself, in mental geographies and constructed histories, as our ‘imagined community’ (to use Benedict Anderson’s famous term [Anderson 1983], or indeed, ‘imagined Other’, even if it is an imagined ‘Other’ that we would somehow wish to incorporate into our newly hybridised Self. Using the notion of transcultural mappings, the articles in this special issue investigate this apparent paradox. They look at how the Self and Other have been mapped through imagined links between geography, history and cultural location. They interrogate the tension between the persistence of mappings of the world based on discrete national or cultural identities on one hand, and, on the other hand, the push to move beyond these carefully guarded borders and problematise precise notions of identity and belonging.

Bronwyn Winter

2012-11-01

 
 
 
 
341

Imagined Transcultural Histories and Geographies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In a globalised world, an assumption prevails that the nation has somehow lost its power to regulate our lives, being undermined by other forces, either top-down through the impact of global capitalism or bottom-up through migrations, transnational religious, ethnic or social movement communities or other transversal politics. A related idea is that ‘culture’ is now irrevocably hybridised and border-zoned, that we no longer live in a world of discrete, located, identifiable and historically grounded cultures but in some unstable and for-the-moment insterstitiality, a sort of cultural interlanguage that sits outside well-mapped structures of power. Yet, just as the nation and the boundaries it sets around culture are being conceptually chased from our maps of the world, they come galloping back to reassert themselves. They do so politically, economically, legally, symbolically. Amidst all the noise of our transnationalisms, hybridities and interstitialities, the idea of what it is to be ‘Australian’ or ‘French’ or ‘Filipino’ or ‘Asian’ reaffirms itself, in mental geographies and constructed histories, as our ‘imagined community’ (to use Benedict Anderson’s famous term [Anderson 1983], or indeed, ‘imagined Other’, even if it is an imagined ‘Other’ that we would somehow wish to incorporate into our newly hybridised Self. Using the notion of transcultural mappings, the articles in this special issue investigate this apparent paradox. They look at how the Self and Other have been mapped through imagined links between geography, history and cultural location. They interrogate the tension between the persistence of mappings of the world based on discrete national or cultural identities on one hand, and, on the other hand, the push to move beyond these carefully guarded borders and problematise precise notions of identity and belonging.

Bronwyn Winter

2012-10-01

342

The effects of collaborative concept mapping on the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth-grade students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to examine whether collaborative concept mapping would affect the achievement, science self-efficacy and attitude toward science of female eighth grade science students. The research questions are: (1) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the achievement of female students in science? (2) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the science self-efficacy of female students? (3) Will the use of collaborative concept mapping affect the attitudes of females toward science? The study was quasi-experimental and utilized a pretest-posttest design for both experimental and control groups. Eighth grade female and male students from three schools in a large northeastern school district participated in this study. The achievement test consisted of 10 multiple choice and two open-response questions and used questions from state-wide and national assessments as well as teacher-constructed items. A 29 item Likert type instrument (McMillan, 1992) was administered to measure science self-efficacy and attitude toward science. The study was of 12 weeks duration. During the study, experimental group students were asked to perform collaborative concept map construction in single sex dyads using specific terms designated by the classroom teacher and the researcher. During classroom visitations, student perceptions of collaborative concept mapping were collected and were used to provide insight into the results of the quantitative data analysis. Data from the pre and posttest instruments were analyzed for both experimental and control groups using t-tests. Additionally, the three teachers were interviewed and their perceptions of the study were also used to gain insight into the results of the study. The analysis of data showed that experimental group females showed significantly higher gains in achievement than control group females. An additional analysis of data showed experimental group males showed significantly greater gains in achievement than experimental group females. The analysis of science self-efficacy data showed that neither experimental nor control group females increased their scores pre to posttest, both showed small decreases in scores. However, the posttest scores of the experimental group females were significantly higher than the posttest scores of the control group females. The analysis of the attitude toward science survey data showed that the scores of the experimental group females did not change from pre to posttest. However, scores of the control group females declined from pre to posttest. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Ledger, Antoinette Frances

343

Self-regulation during job search: The opposing effects of employment self-efficacy and job search behavior self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adopting a self-regulatory perspective, the current study examined the within-person relationships among job search cognitions, job search behaviors, and job search success (i.e., number of job offers received). Specifically, conceptualizing job search behaviors as guided by a hierarchy of means-end (i.e., job search behavior-employment) goal structure, we differentiated employment self-efficacy from job search behavior self-efficacy. Our results showed that higher levels of perceived job search progress could lead to more frequent job search behaviors through enhancing job search behavior self-efficacy. However, higher levels of perceived job search progress could also lead to less frequent job search behaviors through elevating employment self-efficacy. In addition, the relationships between perceived job search progress and efficacy beliefs were moderated by job seekers' level of internal attribution of their progress. Finally, we found that at the within-person level, frequency of job search behaviors was positively related to number of job offers received. These findings were discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24773401

Liu, Songqi; Wang, Mo; Liao, Hui; Shi, Junqi

2014-11-01

344

Relationship between Quality of Life, Hardiness,Self-efficacy and Self-esteem amongst Employed and Unemployed Married Women in Zabol  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Examining the interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, selfefficacy and self-esteem among working (professional and non-professional, and non-working married women has motivated the researcher to launch this study. Method: The samples in the present study consisted of 250 married employed women and 250 married unemployed women in the age range of 24-41 years old belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups, with educational qualification of 10±2 and above and having at least one school child. Stratified convenience sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample. The World Health Organization -Quality of Life (WHO QOL – BREF, the Personal View Survey (PVS, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE, The Coopersmith Self-Eesteem Inventory (CSEI and demographic questionnaire Sheet were chosen for collection of the data. Results: Obtained Pearson r values revealed significant positive interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem in the whole sample, within the subgroups of professional and non-professional employed and unemployed women. Obtained pearson r values revealed significant negative relationship between employment and the above variables in women. Conclusion: It indicates that women with higher quality of life score rank also higher on hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem and vice versa.

Promila Vasudeva

2006-07-01

345

Attitudes, Interests, and Perceived Self-efficacy toward Science of Middle School Minority Female Students: Considerations for their Low Achievement and Participation in STEM Disciplines  

Science.gov (United States)

The under participation of minority females in STEM fields has been a chronic problem in the United States, mainly when it is analyzed through the lens of their relative representation in the population. The results of the first or quantitative phase, of this two phase sequential, mixed method study, revealed academic achievement or performance in science accounted for most of the variance of mean scores for students' attitudes and interests in science as measured by the TOSRA Likert-scale survey, when compared to the degree of parent education and ethnicity/ racial background. Additionally, this study investigated possible sources of perceived self-efficacy in eighteen seventh grade Hispanic female students by conducting personal semi-structured interviews. The purpose of this study was to explore if middle school female student ethnic/racial backgrounds and academic performance influence their attitudes and interests toward science and to study the possible effects external (family, school, peers, and community) and internal factors may have for Hispanic student self-efficacy toward science. The results revealed that of the five ethnic/racial groups studied, Asian/Filipino female students expressed higher positive attitudes and interests toward science, than the rest of the student ethnic groups studied, followed by the Hispanic student group. The results indicated that students' perceived encouragement from their mothers, regardless of the mother's degree of education, as being the main source of these girls' perceived self-efficacy in science. However, the lack of perceived school-related, peer-related, and community-related support was evident. These results are encouraging because they demonstrate how verbal persuasion, in the form of encouragement and support, fosters perceived self-efficacy for minority female students.

Dowey, Ana Lucrecia

346

The Norwegian version of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease self-efficacy scale (CSES): a validation and reliability study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, internal consistency and face and construct validity of the Norwegian version of the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES). The CSES was translated into Norwegian according to standard procedures for forward and backward translation, and administered to 100 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (51% men, mean age 66.1 years, range 42-82) prior to their participation in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programme. The CSES-N (translated version) consists of 34 items comprising five subscales describing negative affect, intense emotional arousal, physical exertion, weather/environment and behavioural risk factors. Each scale ranges from 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating better self-efficacy. For validation purposes, we measured lung function (FEV(1) , FEV(1) % predicted) and exercise capacity (ISWT), and administered the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A pilot study confirmed that the CSES-N was clear, understandable and easy to self-administer. Cronbach's alpha was 0.98 for the total score (0.80-0.96 for subscales). Results showed small to medium negative correlations between all CSES-N scales and anxiety, depression (HADS), physical activity, psychosocial impact of disease and total health status (SGRQ) (-0.20 to -0.49). Small or negligible negative correlations between different CSES-N scales and respiratory symptoms (SGRQ) (-0.03 to -0.23) were found. Any correlations among exercise capacity, lung function and different socio-demographic variables (age, gender and education) and CSES-N were also small or negligible (0.00 to 0.23). This study shows acceptable feasibility, internal consistency and face and construct validity for the CSES-N in a sample of Norwegian COPD patients. PMID:20534027

Bentsen, Signe Berit; Rokne, Berit; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Henriksen, Anne Hildur; Wahl, Astrid Klopstad

2010-09-01

347

Statistics Related Self-Efficacy A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Demonstrating a Significant Link to Prior Mathematics Experiences for Graduate Level Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study examined students' statistics-related self-efficacy, as measured with the current statistics self-efficacy (CSSE inventory developed by Finney and Schraw (2003. Structural equation modeling was used to check the confirmatory factor analysis of the one-dimensional factor of CSSE. Once confirmed, this factor was used to test whether a significant link to prior mathematics experiences exists. Additionally a new post-structural equation modeling (SEM application was employed to compute error-free latent variable score for CSSE in an effort to examine the ancillary effects of gender, age, ethnicity, department, degree level, hours completed, expected course grade, number of college-level math classes, current GPA on students' CSSE scores. Results support the one-dimensional construct and as expected, the model demonstrated a significant link between CSSE scores and prior mathematics experiences to CSSE. Additionally the students' department, expected grade, and number of prior math classes were found to have a significant effect on student's CSSE scores.

Karen Larwin

2014-02-01

348

The effect of empowerment on the self-efficacy, quality of life and clinical and laboratory indicators of patients treated with hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Hemodialysis patients face numerous physical and psychological stresses that result in reduced health. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of an empowerment program on self-efficacy, quality of life, clinical indicators of blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain, and laboratory results in these patients. Methods This randomized, controlled trial was conducted at Boo Ali Sina Dialysis Center, Shiraz, Iran. A total of 48 hemodialysis patients participated in this study. After acquisition of informed consent, eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups, control and experimental. Pre-test data were obtained by using a demographic data form and two questionnaires for self-efficacy and quality of life. Blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain were measured. We extracted laboratory data from patients’ charts. A six-week empowerment intervention that included four individual and two group counselling sessions was performed for the experimental group. Six weeks after intervention, post-test data were obtained from both groups in the same manner as the pre-test. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS v11.5. Results There were no statistically significant differences in demographic variables between the groups. Pre-test mean scores for self-efficacy, quality of life, blood pressure, interdialytic weight gain and laboratory results did not differ between the groups. There was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of pre-to post-intervention changes in overall self-efficacy scores, stress reduction, and decision making, in addition to overall quality of life and all dimensions included within quality of life based on this questionnaire. Additionally, the pre- to post-intervention changes in systolic/diastolic blood pressures, interdialytic weight gain, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels significantly differed between the groups. Conclusion Our study demonstrates that a combination of individual and group empowerment counselling sessions improves self-efficacy, quality of life, clinical signs, and hemoglobin and hematocrit levels in hemodialysis patients. Empowerment of hemodialysis patients should be considered in hemodialysis centers to assist patients with the management of their health-related problems. Trial registration Irct ID: IRCT138901172621N4

Moattari Marzieh

2012-09-01

349

SELF EFFICACY PERCEPTIONS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ Ö?RETMENL?K MESLE??NE DÖNÜK ÖZ YETERL?K ALGILARI  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy levels according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school and academic achievement. In the study data was collected by “Turkish Teacher Candidates’ Self Efficacy Perception Scale” developed by the researchers. The scale consisting of five sub-factors is five-item Likert-type scale. 351 Turkish teacher candidates whose 179 female and 172 male attended to the study. The participants of the study consisted of 4th grade students enrolled in Turkish Teaching Departments of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Inönü University, Ondokuz May?s University, Sakarya University, Gaziantep University, Dokuz Eylül University and Gazi University Faculties of Education. Data was analysed by using SPSS 15.0 package program. The results of the study indicated that, Turkish teachercandidates’ self-efficacy levels is “good”. Turkish teacher candidates' self-efficacy scores did not show any changes according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school. But it was observed that according to academic achievement Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy scores there was significant relationship. Bu ara?t?rman?n temel amac? Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar?n?n cinsiyete, ö?retim türüne, mezun olunan lise türüne ve akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre incelenmesidir. Çal??madaki veriler, ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Türkçe Ö?retmeni Adaylar?n?n Öz Yeterlik Alg?s? Ölçe?i” arac?l???yla toplanm??t?r. Be? alt faktörden olu?an ölçek, be?li likert tipi bir ölçme arac?d?r.Ara?t?rmaya 179’u k?z, 172’si erkekten olu?an 351 Türkçe ö?retmeni aday? kat?lm??t?r. Kat?l?mc?lar Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, ?nönü Üniversitesi, Ondokuz May?s Üniversitesi, Sakarya Üniversitesi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi ve Gazi Üniversitesi e?itim fakültelerinin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i program? son s?n?f ö?rencileridir. Veriler, SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket program?ndan yararlan?larak analiz edilmi?tir. Ara?t?rman?n sonuçlar?na göre Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? “iyi” düzeydedir. Adaylar?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? cinsiyet, ö?renim türü ve mezun olunan lise türü bak?m?ndan farkl?l?k göstermezken adaylar?n akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre anlaml? farkl?l?k göstermektedir.

Hasan BA?CI

2012-06-01

350

Self-efficacy in Environmental Education: Experiences of elementary education preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite research showing Environmental Education can provide positive student outcomes in academic achievement, critical thinking, motivation and engagement (Ernst, 2007; Lieberman & Hoody, 1998; Orr, 1992; Palmer, 1998; Powers, 2004; Volk & Cheak, 2003), Environmental Education is currently not a critical element in American public school K-12 education. The present study investigates self-efficacy in Environmental Education through a mixed methods research approach. The data reveal the participants' perspectives of their sense of self-efficacy in Environmental Education. It adds to the body of work on Environmental Education and self-efficacy by specifically investigating the topics through interviews with preservice teachers. Purposeful sampling is used to identify preservice elementary education teachers in their senior year of college with a high measure of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is measured using the Environmental Education Efficacy Belief Instrument (Sia, 1992). Forty-six preservice teachers completed the instrument. Six preservice teachers were interviewed to determine experiences that impact their self-efficacy in Environmental Education. Continual comparison and cross-case analysis are used to analyze the data. The results reveal a relationship between personal experiences with nature as a young child and current beliefs toward their personal efficacy and teaching outcome efficacy in Environmental Education. Similar to the findings of Sia (1992), the researcher discovered that preservice teachers realize that they lack sufficient knowledge and skill in Environmental Education but believe that effective teaching can increase students understanding of Environmental Education. While the preservice teachers do not believe they will teach Environmental Education as well as other subjects, they will continually seek out better ways to teach Environmental Education. Interviews with participants who had a high self-efficacy revealed the importance of playing outdoors as young children and having an adult role model with whom to share nature. Results showed that experiences with nature are absent in formal schooling, including courses in teacher education programs.

Gardner, Cynthia Crompton

351

The SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES: development and psychometric properties  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Rising prevalence of secondary conditions among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI has focused recent attention to potential health promotion programs designed to reduce such adverse health conditions. A healthy lifestyle for people with SCI, including and specifically, the adoption of a vigorous exercise routine, has been shown to produce an array of health benefits, prompting many providers to recommend the implementation of such activity to those with SCI. Successfully adopting such an exercise regimen however, requires confidence in one's ability to engage in exercise or exercise self-efficacy. Exercise self-efficacy has not been assessed adequately for people with SCI due to a lack of validated and reliable scales, despite self efficacy's status as one of the most widely researched concepts and despite its broad application in health promotion studies. Exercise self efficacy supporting interventions for people with SCI are only meaningful if appropriate measurement tools exist. The objective of our study was to develop a psychometrically sound exercise self-efficacy self-report measure for people with SCI. Methods Based on literature reviews, expert comments and cognitive testing, 10 items were included and made up the 4-point Likert SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES in its current form. The ESES was administered as part of the first wave of a nationwide survey (n = 368 on exercise behavior and was also tested separately for validity in four groups of individuals with SCI. Reliability and validity testing was performed using SPSS 12.0. Results Cronbach's alpha was .9269 for the ESES. High internal consistency was confirmed in split-half (EQ Length Spearman Brown = .8836. Construct validity was determined using principal component factor analysis by correlating the aggregated ESES items with the Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE. We found that all items loaded on one factor only and that there was a statistically significant correlation between Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES and Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE (Spearman RHO = .316; p Conclusion Preliminary findings indicate that the ESES is a reliable instrument with high internal consistency and scale integrity. Content validity both in terms of face and construct validity is satisfactory.

Ho Pei-Shu

2007-08-01

352

The SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES): development and psychometric properties  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Rising prevalence of secondary conditions among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) has focused recent attention to potential health promotion programs designed to reduce such adverse health conditions. A healthy lifestyle for people with SCI, including and specifically, the adoption of a vigorous exercise routine, has been shown to produce an array of health benefits, prompting many providers to recommend the implementation of such activity to those with SCI. Successfully adopting such an exercise regimen however, requires confidence in one's ability to engage in exercise or exercise self-efficacy. Exercise self-efficacy has not been assessed adequately for people with SCI due to a lack of validated and reliable scales, despite self efficacy's status as one of the most widely researched concepts and despite its broad application in health promotion studies. Exercise self efficacy supporting interventions for people with SCI are only meaningful if appropriate measurement tools exist. The objective of our study was to develop a psychometrically sound exercise self-efficacy self-report measure for people with SCI. Methods Based on literature reviews, expert comments and cognitive testing, 10 items were included and made up the 4-point Likert SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES) in its current form. The ESES was administered as part of the first wave of a nationwide survey (n = 368) on exercise behavior and was also tested separately for validity in four groups of individuals with SCI. Reliability and validity testing was performed using SPSS 12.0. Results Cronbach's alpha was .9269 for the ESES. High internal consistency was confirmed in split-half (EQ Length Spearman Brown = .8836). Construct validity was determined using principal component factor analysis by correlating the aggregated ESES items with the Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE). We found that all items loaded on one factor only and that there was a statistically significant correlation between Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES) and Generalised Self Efficacy Scale (GSE) (Spearman RHO = .316; p < .05; n = 53, 2-sided). Conclusion Preliminary findings indicate that the ESES is a reliable instrument with high internal consistency and scale integrity. Content validity both in terms of face and construct validity is satisfactory. PMID:17760999

Kroll, Thilo; Kehn, Matthew; Ho, Pei-Shu; Groah, Suzanne

2007-01-01

353

Self-efficacy instruments for patients with chronic diseases suffer from methodological limitations - a systematic review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Measurement of self-efficacy requires carefully developed and validated instruments. It is currently unclear whether available self-efficacy instruments for chronic diseases fulfill these requirements. Our aim was to systematically identify all existing self-efficacy scales for five major chronic diseases and to assess their development and validation process. Methods We conducted a systematic literature search in electronic databases (MEDLINE, PSYCHINFO, and EMBASE to identify studies describing the development and/or validation process of self-efficacy instruments for the five chronic diseases diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, asthma, arthritis, and heart failure. Two members of the review team independently selected articles meeting inclusion criteria. The self-efficacy instruments were evaluated in terms of their development (aim of instrument, a priori considerations, identification of items, selection of items, development of domains, answer options and validation (test-retest reliability, internal consistency reliability, validity, responsiveness process. Results Of 584 potentially eligible papers we included 25 (13 for diabetes, 5 for asthma, 4 for arthritis, 3 for COPD, 0 for heart failure which covered 26 different self-efficacy instrument versions. For 8 instruments (30.8%, the authors described the aim before the scales were developed whereas for the other instruments the aim was unclear. In one study (3.8% a priori considerations were specified. In none of the studies a systematic literature search was carried out to identify items. The item selection process was often not clearly described (38.5%. Test-retest reliability was assessed for 9 instruments (34.6%, validity using a correlational approach for 18 (69.2%, and responsiveness to change for 3 (11.5% instruments. Conclusion The development and validation process of the majority of the self-efficacy instruments had major limitations. The aim of the instruments was often not specified and for most instruments, not all measurement properties that are important to support the specific aim of the instrument (for example responsiveness for evaluative instruments were assessed. Researchers who develop and validate self-efficacy instruments should adhere more closely to important methodological concepts for development and validation of patient-reported outcomes and report their methods more transparently. We propose a systematic five step approach for the development and validation of self-efficacy instruments.

Steurer-Stey Claudia

2009-09-01

354

Regulatory focus, self-efficacy and outcome expectations as drivers of motivation to consume healthy food products  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper we apply the principle of RegulatoryFocus Theory to investigate the interaction between self-efficacy and outcomeexpectations on individuals’ intentions to adopt health behaviors. The participants, 959 individuals (Survey 1) and 2400 individuals (Survey 2), reported self-efficacy beliefs and outcomeexpectations with regard to the consumption of omega-3 supplements and omega-3-enriched foodproducts. We found that the relationship prevention outcomeexpectations-intention was significantly attenuated at low levels of self-efficacy and strengthened at high levels of self-efficacy, respectively; whereas, the relationship promotion outcomeexpectations-intention was unaffected by the perceived levels of self-efficacy. The implications suggest that consumers’ motivation to adopt healthyfoodproducts, such as omega-3 supplements and omega-3 enriched products, should be encouraged by stimulating promotion outcomeexpectations. However, when a prevention frame is used, the individuals’ motivation should be significantly enhanced by self-efficacy beliefs.

Tudoran, Ana Alina; Scholderer, Joachim

2012-01-01

355

Investigating the Effect of Levels of Proficiency on Iranian Male and Female EFL Learners’ Critical Thinking and Self-efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study explored relationship between Self-Efficacy and Critical thinking across different levels among Iranian EFL learners. The purpose of this study was twofold. This study attempted to expand our understanding of the relationship between psychologically rich variables like self-efficacy and critical thinking and language proficiency. Second, this research examined these psychological variables among genders. The study sample consisted of 120 students from some institutes in Tehran. Three measurements were used for data collection: firstly Nelson Test in order to define level of proficiency and homogeneity, then Self-Efficacy Scale (SES, and Critical Thinking Questionnaire (CTQ were administered to measure their self-efficacy and critical thinking of Iranian EFL learners. In conclusion, according to statistical analysis, the findings are indicated that there is significant relationship between critical thinking and self-efficacy and levels of proficiency. Gender has significant effect on critical thinking and self-efficacy.

Shaban Barimani Varandi

2013-12-01

356

Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is a person's own perception about performing a task with a certain level of proficiency (Bandura, 1986). An important affective aspect of learning chemistry is chemistry self-efficacy (CSE). Several researchers have found chemistry self-efficacy to be a fair predictor of achievement in chemistry. This study was done in a college preparatory chemistry class for science majors exploring chemistry self-efficacy and its change as it relates to achievement. A subscale of CAEQ, Chemistry Attitudes and Experiences Questionnaire (developed by Dalgety et al, 2003) as well as student interviews were used to determine student chemistry self-efficacy as it changed during the course. The questionnaire was given to the students five times during the semester: in the first class and the class before each the four tests taken through the semester. Twenty-six students, both men and women, of the four major races/ethnicities were interviewed three times during the semester and events that triggered changes in CSE were followed through the interviews. HLM (hierarchical linear modeling) was used to model the results of the CSE surveys. Among the findings, women who started at significantly lower CSE than men accomplished a significant gain by the end of the semester. Blacks' CSE trends through the semester were found to be significantly different from the rest of the ethnicities.

Garcia, Carmen Alicia

357

Reflections on urban science teacher-student self-efficacy dynamics  

Science.gov (United States)

This forum article consists of commentaries—authored by Sumi Hagiwara, Maria S. Rivera Maulucci and Lizette Ramos—on the feature article by Virginia Jennings Bolshakova, Carla C. Johnson, and Charlene M. Czerniak. We reflect on a series of questions that take retrospective, introspective, and prospective views of self-efficacy in science education. We review selected studies that explore some of the historical developments and methodological approaches in the literature and examine a teacher-student self-efficacy system model that shows the ways in which teachers' and students' self-efficacy judgments are based upon multiple individual and shared components, such as identity and social interaction within the classroom and school. We close with a call for the design of measures of teacher-student self-efficacy systems, so that we can begin to tailor professional development experiences to the goals and motivations of individual and collective groups of teachers and students in ways that accommodate the unique cultural features of their classrooms and foster student self-efficacy.

Hagiwara, Sumi; Maulucci, Maria S. Rivera; Ramos, S. Lizette

2011-12-01

358

The impact of clinical simulation on learner self-efficacy in pre-registration nursing education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical simulation is becoming increasingly popular in pre-registration nursing education. Incorporating teaching and learning strategies that enhance learner self-efficacy will theoretically improve clinical competence (Bandura, 1986, 1997). This paper presents the findings of a study that aimed to explore the impact of clinical simulation on self-efficacy beliefs amongst pre-registration nurses. A preliminary study (Pike, 2008) used a pre- and post-test design to measure learner self-efficacy before and after a clinical simulation session. Qualitative responses to questions on the post-test questionnaire provided themes to explore in a focus group interview with a convenience sample of nine participants. Thematic content analysis of the interview highlighted two principal findings. Firstly, students described low levels of self-efficacy with regards to communication skills, an area identified as a priority within pre-registration nursing education (NMC, 2007a). Second, students highlighted the need for learning experiences within clinical simulation to be more authentic, to improve the theory to practice gap. It is argued by incorporating strategies within clinical simulation that enhance learner self-efficacy, overall clinical competence will be improved. Suggestions for how pedagogical approaches may be developed within clinical simulation are discussed, whilst acknowledging the limitations of the small scale nature of the study. PMID:19883960

Pike, Tamsin; O'Donnell, Victoria

2010-07-01

359

Self-efficacy and perceived benefits / barriers on the AIDs preventive behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Drug users (opiate dependency account for about 65% of all AIDS cases in Iran. Drug injection has been identified as the most common way of HIV transmission in these patients. This study aimed to determine self-efficacy, and perceived benefits / barriers of AIDs preventive behaviors in opiate dependency. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009.The study population was 86 drug user men at Re-birth association in Zarandieh city. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires includeing demographic characteristics, perceived benefits/barriers of self-efficacy and AIDS preventive behaviors. Data was analyzed with ANOVA, regression and correlation coefficients and descriptive statistical methods. Results: Regression analysis showed that age, education level, knowledge and perceived benefits/barriers, self-efficacy, all together explain 28% of AIDS preventive behaviors variance. Perceived barriers and self- efficacy were the most important predicting factor. 63% of the samples believed that they have ability of HIV-preventive behaviors.Conclusion: The study showed the relationship of perceived benefits/barriers, self- efficacy with AIDS preventive behaviors. It is suggested that the findings of this study may be used as a basis for designing interventions to improve better performance in the concerned area.

Mahmoud Karimi

2011-11-01

360

Effects of EFL Teachers’ Self-efficacy on Motivational Teaching Behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the predictability of EFL teachers’ self-efficacy on their motivational teaching behaviors. Participants involved 112 English teachers from China’s tertiary education institutes selected by a “snowball” sampling strategy and also from an EFL teacher training camp. They completed a questionnaire survey of the demographic information of participants, their perception of self-efficacy, and their motivational teaching behaviors in English classroom. Results from the descriptive statistics and a multiple regression analysis were generated based on the survey. It indicated that college EFL teachers perceived themselves with much higher self-efficacy for instructional strategies than efficacy for classroom management and efficacy for student engagement. Also, the results revealed that two most frequently used motivational strategies by teachers in language classroom were strategies for generating students’ initial motivation and strategies for maintaining and protecting students’ motivation. The results also showed that teachers’ self-efficacy significantly contributed to the prediction of teachers’ motivational teaching behaviors and accounted for more than one third of the variance to teachers’ motivational teaching behaviors. This study confirmed that there was a direct causal relationship between English teachers’ perceptions of their self-efficacy and their adoption of motivational strategies.

Wei Huangfu

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
361

The Impact of Teacher Self-efficacy on the Students’ Motivation and Achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of self-efficacy and its impact on human performance has intrigued a lot of scholars during the last two decades (e.g. Clayson, D. & Sheffet, M. 2006; Nauta, M. 2001; Muijs &Rejnolds, 2001; Bandura, 1997; Podell & Soodak, 1993. The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of teacher self-efficacy (TSE on the students’ motivation and achievement. To this end, eighty senior high school teachers in four different cities in Iran, and one hundred and fifty senior high school students, based on their teachers’ level of self-efficacy, have been selected randomly. For data collection, two instruments were employed: Teacher Self-Efficacy and Students’ Motivation questionnaires. Data were analyzed through Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and ANOVA. The results of the study revealed that teacher self-efficacy has a positive influence on the students’ motivation and achievement. The results of the study and their pedagogical implications are discussed, and recommendations for further research are provided.

Ahmad Mojavezi

2012-03-01

362

Attrition in chronic disease self-management programs and self-efficacy at enrollment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Among other goals, the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is designed to improve self-efficacy of the chronically ill. However, a substantial proportion of the enrollees often leave CDSMPs before completing the program curriculum. This study examines factors associated with program attrition in a CDSMP implemented in a community setting. We used data from the Our Pathways to Health program, implemented in Humboldt County, California, from 2008 to 2011. Our conceptual framework is based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, and we used logistic regression to investigate whether baseline self-efficacy and other members' efficacy are associated with participants dropping out of the CDSMP. Twenty-three percent of the participants did not complete the program similar to previous studies. Lower baseline self-efficacy increased the odds of dropout, but other members' efficacy was not associated with differential odds of dropout. Age, educational difference between the individual and the group, weekday sessions, and social/role activity limitations are also found to be associated with program attrition. Our results suggest that participants with low starting self-efficacy may need extra help to complete the program. Further research is needed to understand how to effectively provide additional support to this group. PMID:24771128

Verevkina, Nina; Shi, Yunfeng; Fuentes-Caceres, Veronica Alejandra; Scanlon, Dennis Patrick

2014-12-01

363

A Study on Pre-service English Teachers’ Self - efficacy Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The construct of teacher efficacy has been explored by a number of researchers in recent years. Teachers’ efficacy beliefs are regarded as an important criterion in increasing the productivity and motivation during the teaching and the learning process and in defining the general framework of the requirements of the teaching profession. Consequently, teacher education programs have great responsibility for shaping the self-efficacy beliefs of pre-service teachers. The purpose of this study was to explore pre-service English teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs. Another purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of some variables (gender, perceived academic achievement, grade level, department preference and the attitude of the faculty as perceived by the pre-service teachers upon self-efficacy of pre-service English teachers. Data in this study were collected from a total number of 353 pre-service English teachers (263 girls, 90 boys enrolled in teacher education programs of the two selected universities in Turkey. Teacher self-efficacy scale (Kan, 2007 and information sheet which was developed by the researcher were utilized in the study. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis H tests were used to data regarding the sample. Data analysis indicated that pre-service English teachers generally expressed positive efficacy beliefs regarding English language teaching profession. At the same time, results showed that pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy differentiated according to perceived academic achievement and grade level.

Gül?ah KÜLEKÇ?

2011-04-01

364

Power in North Carolina Parents: Is There a Relationship Between Family Structure and Adolescent Self-Efficacy?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jones and Jolly publish here a null finding, namely that there is zero relationship between family structure and adolescent self-efficacy. However, they do find there is a negative relationship between self-efficacy and income. Low income persons have higher levels of stress than those of higher incomes. The good news in this study is that the correlation between income and self-efficacy is weak.

Angela Lewellyn Jones

2003-10-01

365

IS SELF-EFFICACY FOR SMOKING ABSTINENCE A CAUSE OF, OR A REFLECTION ON, SMOKING BEHAVIOR CHANGE?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social learning theory considers self-efficacy as a causal factor in behavior change. However, in line with behavioral theory, recent clinical research suggests that self-efficacy ratings may reflect, rather than cause, behavior change. To test these two disparate views, self-efficacy was related to actual smoking abstinence on the next day (i.e. self-efficacy causes change), and abstinence status over one day was tested as a predictor of rated self-efficacy for being quit the next day (i.e. reflects change). All data were from two very similar cross-over studies evaluating the short-term effects of both placebo versus medication, nicotine patch (n=209) or varenicline (n=123), on smoking abstinence during week-long practice quit attempts. Placebo versus active medication periods were separated by an ad lib smoking washout, and analyses controlled for prior day's abstinence or self-efficacy values. Results were very consistent between studies in showing essentially bi-directional associations: daily self-efficacy predicted next day's abstinence, and current day's abstinence status predicted self-efficacy for not smoking the next day. However, secondary factors differentially predicted abstinence and, to a lesser extent, self-efficacy between these two medication studies. These data provide some support for both social learning and behavioral theories of smoking behavior change, although self-efficacy may only briefly predict subsequent short periods of abstinence as assessed in these studies. Nonetheless, because self-efficacy has long been assumed to cause behavior change, including smoking cessation, the notion of self-efficacy as a reflection of recent smoking behavior change in these studies warrants greater attention in clinical research on smoking cessation treatment. PMID:21910550

Perkins, Kenneth A.; Parzynski, Craig S.; Mercincavage, Melissa; Conklin, Cynthia A.; Fonte, Carolyn A.

2013-01-01

366

Is self-efficacy for smoking abstinence a cause of, or a reflection on, smoking behavior change?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social learning theory considers self-efficacy as a causal factor in behavior change. However, in line with behavioral theory, recent clinical research suggests self-efficacy ratings may reflect, rather than cause, behavior change. To test these two disparate views, self-efficacy was related to actual smoking abstinence on the next day (i.e., self-efficacy causes change), and abstinence status over 1 day was tested as a predictor of rated self-efficacy for quitting the next day (i.e., reflects change). All data were from two similar crossover studies evaluating the short-term effects of both placebo versus medication, nicotine patch (n = 209) or varenicline (n = 123), on smoking abstinence during week-long practice quit attempts. Placebo and active medication periods were separated by an ad lib smoking washout, and analyses were controlled for prior-day's abstinence or self-efficacy values. Results were very consistent between studies in showing essentially bidirectional associations: daily self-efficacy predicted next-day's abstinence, and current-day's abstinence status predicted self-efficacy for abstinence the next day. However, secondary factors differentially predicted abstinence and, to a lesser extent, self-efficacy, between these two medication studies. These data provide some support for both social learning and behavioral theories of smoking behavior change, although self-efficacy may only briefly predict subsequent short periods of abstinence as assessed in these studies. Nonetheless, because self-efficacy has long been assumed to cause behavior change, including smoking cessation, the notion of self-efficacy as a reflection of recent smoking behavior change in these studies warrants greater attention in clinical research on smoking cessation treatment. PMID:21910550

Perkins, Kenneth A; Parzynski, Craig; Mercincavage, Melissa; Conklin, Cynthia A; Fonte, Carolyn A

2012-02-01

367

Examining Elementary School–Aged Children’s Self-Efficacy and Proxy Efficacy for Fruit and Vegetable Consumption  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Children’s self-efficacy for fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) and proxy efficacy to influence others to make fruit and vegetables (FV) available may influence their FVC. A previous investigation has demonstrated that self-efficacy for fruit consumption, self-efficacy for vegetable consumption, proxy efficacy to influence parents to make FV available, and proxy efficacy to influence after-school staff to make FV available can be measured with four independent but related scales. The pur...

Geller, Karly S.; Dzewaltowski, David A.

2010-01-01

368

The validation of a task-specific measure of parenting self-efficacy for use with mothers of young children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research develops and validates a task-specific parenting self-efficacy measure focussing on the following domains: showing affection and empathy, engaging in play, facilitating routines, establishing discipline strategies, providing appropriate learning and development activities, and promoting communication interaction. Self-efficacy can be described as a persons belief in his or her ability to successfully complete tasks. Self-efficacy beliefs are among the most consistent predictors ...

Harty, Michal

2009-01-01

369

The Influence of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Learning Behavior - Using Entrepreneurial Intention as the Mediator Variable  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines 448 technical and vocational school students’ entrepreneurial learning behavior and its influencing factors to serve as a school reference for the development of entrepreneurship education measures. The results show that students’ ‘entrepreneurial intention (EI’ has a significant direct effect on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior (ELB’, and ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE ‘has a significant effect on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior’ through ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy.’ The influence pattern and empirical data of ‘entrepreneurial self-efficacy’ and ‘entrepreneurial intention’ on ‘entrepreneurial learning behavior’ has a good fit.
Key words: Entrepreneurial intention; Entrepreneurial learning behavior; Entrepreneurial self-efficacy

Chun-Mei CHOU

2011-12-01

370

The impact of an introductory college-level biology class on biology self-efficacy and attitude towards science  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy theory was first introduced in a seminal article by Albert Bandura in 1977 entitled "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change". Since its original introduction, self-efficacy has been a major focus of academic performance, anxiety, career development, and teacher retention research. Self-efficacy can be defined as the belief an individual possesses about their ability to perform a given task. Bandura proposed that self-efficacy should be measured at the highest level of specificity due to the fact that different people are efficacious in different areas. Interested in students' efficacy toward biology, Ebert-May, Baldwin, & Allred (1997) created and validated a survey to measure students' biology self-efficacy. Their survey was modeled after the guidelines for science literacy, and loaded to three sub-factors; methods of biology, generalization to other science courses, and application of the concepts. As self-efficacy theory has been related to effort expenditure and persistence (Bandura, 1977; 1997), one might think it would have some effect on students' attitudes toward the topic at hand. The current research investigated what changes in biology self-efficacy occurred after an introductory biology course with an inquiry based laboratory learning environment. In addition, changes in students' attitudes towards science were explored and how self-efficacy might affect them.

Thomas, Megan Elizabeth

371

Maps and Paths: bodily practices and transculturality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Grotowski’s interest in practices from different cultures had special importance during his transition from the Paratheatre phase (1969-1978 to the so-called Theatre of Sources (1976-1982. This article deals with the way this occurred and how was conceived this experience in its transcultural dimension based on bodily practices present in different cultures and which are transmitted as embodied knowledge.

Fernando Antonio Mencarelli

2013-03-01

372

The relationships of self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work to health-related quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Randi Andenæs,1 Signe Berit Bentsen,2 Kari Hvinden,3,4 May Solveig Fagermoen,5,6 Anners Lerdal6,71Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; 2Department of Health Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway; 3LHL Helse AS, Glittreklinikken, Hakadal, Norway; 4Norwegian Advisory Unit for Learning and Mastery in Health, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 5Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 6Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; 7Department of Research, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, NorwayPurpose: Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD primarily affects the lungs, it is regarded as a systemic disorder associated with comorbidity and physical deterioration, which often results in reduced levels of health-related quality of life (HRQoL. Self-efficacy is an important concept in self-management, which is vital for improving HRQoL in patients with COPD. The purpose of this study was to examine how general self-efficacy, leisure time physical activity, and sociodemographic variables such as employment status are related to the physical and mental health components of HRQoL in patients with COPD.Patients and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 97 COPD patients (54.6% male, mean age 64.6 years, standard deviation [SD] 9.5 beginning a pulmonary rehabilitation program completed three self-report questionnaires: the short form (SF-12v2 Health Survey as a measure of HRQoL; the General Self-Efficacy Scale; and a standardized instrument measuring regular leisure time physical activity.Results: The physical health component median score was 31.3 (interquartile range [IQR] 16.3 and the mental health component median score was 45.9 (IQR 21.5. Two sets of linear regression analyses were performed, one predicting physical health and the other predicting mental health. The first analysis showed that better physical health was directly related to being in paid work (P-value <0.001, but was not significantly related to age, sex, marital status, education, work status, physical activity, or self-efficacy. In the second analysis, better mental health was directly related to living with a partner, being physically active, and having higher self-efficacy (P-value <0.001.Conclusion: The findings suggest that general self-efficacy has differential relationships to the two dimensions of HRQoL. Our results indicate that general self-efficacy, physical activity, and paid work might be important factors for improving HRQoL of persons with COPD, and should be taken into consideration in pulmonary rehabilitation.Keywords: chronic disease, employment, lung, rehabilitation, self-care

Andenæs R

2014-06-01

373

Self-efficacy as a mediator of children's achievement motivation and in-class physical activity.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study was designed to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on relations of middle school students' four achievement goals with their perceptions of two motivational climates and in-class physical activity in physical education. The four achievement goals (mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance), perceptions of the motivational climate (mastery- and performance-involving climates), and self-efficacy were measured in a sample of 194 students (93 boys, 101 girls) in a public school. Students' in-class physical activity was assessed using Actical Accelerometers. A series of multiple-regression analyses supported the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships among students' mastery-approach goal, perceived mastery-involving climate, and physical activity. PMID:22403939

Gao, Zan; Lochbaum, Marc; Podlog, Leslie

2011-12-01

374

Self-efficacy in acutely traumatized patients and the risk of developing a posttraumatic stress syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD occurs across 15-20% of victims suffering physical injury. The occurrence of PTSD has been attributed to both the trauma and the victim’s individual resources, such as resilience, coping strategies, and social support systems. In the present study, we explored the role of self-efficacy for cognitive self-regulation in the posttraumatic adaptation process of sixty-five patients immediately following trauma (T1 and approximately four months later (T2 assessing posttraumatic stress syndrome according to DSM-IV criteria. We hypothesized perceived self-efficacy as a predictor for an increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress symptoms. Self-efficacy measured immediately following trauma correlated significantly with the development of posttraumatic stress syndromes. This finding suggests that the evaluation of cognitive adaptation to trauma is a helpful marker for clinical outcome assessment and can therefore be used for the identification of patients needing psychotherapeutic intervention.

Flatten, Guido

2008-06-01

375

Emotional Exhaustion in Graduate Students: The Role of Engagement, Self-Efficacy and Social Support  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graduate students, particularly those based in research intensive universities are susceptible to exhaustion. Thestudy utilized a quantitative approach to test the impact of student engagement, self- efficacy, and social supporton college students’ emotional exhaustion. A hierarchical regression approach was used for analysis. Findingsdemonstrated that students who were engaged, and selfefficacious were less exhausted from their studies.Social support especially from advisors was important in helping students cope with emotional exhaustion.Additionally, student engagement proved to be important as it partially mediates the advisor support- exhaustionrelationship while fully mediating the self-efficacy- exhaustion relationship. Implications and suggestions forinstitutions of higher learning regarding intervention strategies to mitigate the exhaustion and burnout processwere discussed.

Julaine Rigg

2013-09-01

376

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that occurred on July 24 -30, 2011 at a public state university. The study also employed seventy-five (75) students from a magnet secondary school. Qualitative methods such as interviews both focus group and semi-structured interviews and observations were employed to evaluate the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. The study revealed that Snacks had significant impact on knowledge, attitude, confidence and understanding for both students and teachers. The study also showed that Snacks helped to increase students and teachers' science engagement, interest and enthusiasm.

Knowles, Reco T.

377

[Relationships among empathy, prosocial behavior, aggressiveness, self-efficacy and pupils' personal and social responsibility].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was, on the one hand, to present/display the Spanish version of diverse instruments that assess Empathy, Prosocial behavior, Aggressiveness, Self-efficacy and Personal and social responsibility, and, on the other hand, to analyze which of these variables could predict responsibility. Participants were 822 pupils, ages 8 to 15 years, who studied in 11 educational centres of the Valencian Community. Measures include Spanish versions of the Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents, Prosocial Behaviour, and Physical and Verbal Aggression, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Self-Efficacy, and the Contextual Self-Responsibility Questionnaire. Through structural equation modelling (SEM), the results showed positive relationships between Prosocial behaviour, Empathy, Self-efficacy, and Responsibility; and negative relationships between Aggressiveness and Responsibility. The results and implications for education are discussed. PMID:21266136

Gutiérrez Sanmartín, Melchor; Escartí Carbonell, Amparo; Pascual Baños, Carminal

2011-02-01

378

Perceived self-efficacy and everyday problem solving among young and older adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research tested the hypothesis that age differences in both self-efficacy perceptions and problem-solving performance would vary as a function of the ecological relevance of problems to young and older adults. The authors developed novel everyday problem-solving stimuli that were ecologically representative of problems commonly confronted by young adults (young-adult problems), older adults (older adult problems), or both (common problems). Performance on an abstract problem solving task lacking in ecological representativeness (the Tower of Hanoi problem) also was examined. Although young persons had higher self-efficacy beliefs and performance levels on the Tower of Hanoi task problem and the young-adult problems, this pattern reversed in the domain of older adult problems, where the self-efficacy beliefs and performance of older persons exceeded those of the young. PMID:12641313

Artistico, Daniele; Cervone, Daniel; Pezzuti, Lina

2003-03-01

379

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants Teaching Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The graduate experience is a critical time for development of academic faculty, but often there is little preparation for teaching during the graduate career.  Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor’s belief in his or her ability to teach students in a specific context, can help to predict teaching behavior and student achievement, and can be used as a measure of graduate students’ development as instructors.  An instrument measuring teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM graduate teaching assistants (GTAs was developed from a general university faculty teaching instrument to the specific teaching context of STEM GTAs.  Construct and face validity, measurement reliability, and factor structure of the instrument were determined from survey data of 253 STEM GTAs at six universities.  STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy correlated to various measures of GTA professional development and teaching experience.  Implications and applications for faculty involved in GTA professional development, supervision, and research are discussed.

Sue Ellen DeChenne

2012-12-01

380

The mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of entrepreneurial intentions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of students' intentions to become entrepreneurs. The authors used structural equation modeling with a sample of 265 master of business administration students across 5 universities to test their hypotheses. The results showed that the effects of perceived learning from entrepreneurship-related courses, previous entrepreneurial experience, and risk propensity on entrepreneurial intentions were fully mediated by entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Contrary to expectations, gender was not mediated by self-efficacy but had a direct effect such that women reported lower entrepreneurial career intentions. The authors discuss practical implications and directions for future research. PMID:16316279

Zhao, Hao; Seibert, Scott E; Hills, Gerald E

2005-11-01

 
 
 
 
381

Role of Self-efficacy in Youth Exercise Commitment and Participation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study aimed to conceptualize a model to examine the potential factors that lead youth to participate in exercise. The conceptual model was developed based on previously tested exercise commitment model (Alexandris, Zahariadis, Tsorbatzoudis, & Grouious, 2002 with additional factors of self-efficacies (i.e., coping, task, and scheduling. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the model and the findings showed that the proposed model had fair fit with the data (CFI = .962, TLI = .901, RMSEA = .09. The results indicated that investment (? = .532 and two self-efficacies [i.e., scheduling (?= .233 and task (? = .223] were the three significant determinants for exercise commitment for youth in 7th and 8th grade (p <001. Further, scheduling self-efficacy (? = .273, p<.005 and exercise commitment (? = .235, p<.05 contributed significantly positively on the stage of exercise participation.

Antonio S. Williams

2014-04-01

382

The effect of multiple intelligences training on general self efficacy of high school deaf students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present research investigated the effect of training based on multiple intelligences theory on general self efficacy of deaf students in high school. To reach this end sixty high school deaf students were selected randomly and were assigned equally to the experimental and control groups. The Shearer Questionnaire was administered as pre, post and follow up tests to the experimental and control groups the experimental group received three weeks of training while the control groups did not receive any specific training. Data were analysis utilizing a repeated measure design. Statistical analysis indicated that there were significant gains for experimental group in terms of general self efficacy (pself efficacy of deaf students is supported in the current research.

S. Rahimi Pordanjani

2012-01-01

383

Computer Self-Efficacy: A Practical Indicator of Student Computer Competency in Introductory IS Courses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Students often receive their first college-level computer training in introductory information systems courses. Students and faculty frequently expect this training to develop a level of student computer competence that will support computer use in future courses. In this study, we applied measures of computer self-efficacy to students in a typical introductory IS course. The measures provided useful evidence that student perceptions of their ability to use computers effectively in the future significantly improved as a result of their training experience. The computer self-efficacy measures also provided enhanced insight into course-related factors of practical concern to IS educators. Study results also suggest computer self-efficacy measures may be a practical and informative means of assessing computer-training outcomes in the introductory IS course context

Rex Karsten

1998-01-01

384

Adolescents own perceptions of self-evaluation: Self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study we analyse the relationships between three variablesof self-evaluations, being self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction. Moreover, we study the evolution of these three aspects during adolescence paying attention to gender differences. The sample was made up of 2400 teenagers aged between 12 and 17 years old taken from 20 high schools in Western Andalusia. In this study we also analyse the relationship between teenager self evaluation and parenting style. Our results show, on one hand, high correlation between self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction, and on the other hand, between teenager self evaluationand parenting style. In fact, parental warmth and communication and sense of humor show high correlation with adolescent self evaluation. We also found increasing differences between boys and girls as regards their self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction as adolescence progressed. Specifically, little changedwas observed in boys, whereas girls’ self-evaluation decreased with age.

Águeda Parra

2010-05-01

385

Preservice Elementary Teachers' Development of Self-Efficacy and Confidence to Teach Science: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the self-efficacy of one preservice elementary school teacher (Kasey) during and after her participation in Science in Childhood Education—a 16-week, elementary preservice science methods course. The case study of this teacher is situated in the context of the class as a whole. This is accomplished through interviewing the one teacher and examining artifacts and observations of the entire class. The results of these experiences are studied to determine what changes have taken place in the participants' self-efficacy in science teaching as well as the one preservice teacher in greater detail. Because self efficacy is influential to student learning, the results of this study have significant implications for the design of elementary teacher education programs and the support of elementary teachers in teaching science.

Gunning, Amanda M.; Mensah, Felicia Moore

2011-03-01

386

Assessing understanding of the nature of science and science self-efficacy in undergraduates involved in research in an introductory geology course  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of a campus-wide effort to transform introductory science courses to be more engaging and to more accurately convey the excitement of discovery in science, we have re-created the curriculum of our introductory geology lab. We have transformed what was a series of `cookbook' lab activities into a series of activities based in scientific inquiry and cooperative learning and have included a six-week, student driven research project focused on local groundwater and surface water issues, seeking to determine whether or not this new curriculum was an effective means to increase students' understanding of the nature of science and self-efficacy towards science. In addition to developing the research project curriculum, we worked with other university faculty to create a local hydrology research station which included eight monitoring wells and a stream gage, allowing students to collect their own water-level and water-quality data as well as to retrieve automatically collected data. In order to measure nature of science understanding, we used a modified version of the Student Understanding of Science and Scientific Inquiry questionnaire (Liang et al., 2005; Clough, 2010). We modified a vocational self-efficacy survey (Riggs et al. 1994) to measure science self-efficacy. Both instruments had average Cronbach's alpha values >0.8, making them reliable for our study. After three semesters of collecting data, we have found that an authentic research project slightly improves, but does not significantly increase overall nature of science understanding or science self-efficacy. Dis-aggregating the data into demographic sub-groups, nature of science understanding increased relatively more in non-STEM students than STEM students, and science self-efficacy increased relatively more in STEM students than non-STEM students. We also measured changes in students' understanding of geologic concepts in the Fall 2011 and Spring 2012 semesters. We gave students enrolled in the lab a 15 question version of the Geoscience Concept Inventory (GCI, Libarkin et al., 2005) and found significant improvements from pre-test to post-test scores This thesis will present an overview of the our new curriculum and details about the results we found.

Moss, Elizabeth Louise

387

The role of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and leadership style as attributes of leadership effectiveness  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english ORIENTATION: Researching the impact of psychological constructs on police leadership may add value when appointing people in leadership positions or developing people for leadership roles in the police environment. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between th [...] ree constructs, namely emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness in a policing context. MOTIVATION FOR THIS STUDY: In the police sector, there are difficulties in linking leadership to organisational outcomes since common police-leadership measures are affected by multiple contributory factors. This study explores the psychological constructs of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on the leadership effectiveness of the police. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: This research adopted a quantitative approach to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as attributes of leadership effectiveness. A total of 107 police personnel in commanding positions made up the sample. The measuring instruments used were the Assessing Emotions Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ Form 5X). MAIN FINDINGS: The results confirmed a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness. The correlations were significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Emotional intelligence and self-efficacy should be considered as attributes during the selection of leaders in police organisations or used for developmental purposes to enhance these attributes in police leaders. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The insights gained from the findings may be used to guide the selection of future leaders in the policing environment, and they could also be used to establish future developmental programmes and research initiatives.

Yvette, Ramchunder; Nico, Martins.

2014-01-01

388

The role of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and leadership style as attributes of leadership effectiveness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: Researching the impact of psychological constructs on police leadership may add value when appointing people in leadership positions or developing people for leadership roles in the police environment. Research purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between three constructs, namely emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness in a policing context. Motivation for this study: In the police sector, there are difficulties in linking leadership to organisational outcomes since common police-leadership measures are affected by multiple contributory factors. This study explores the psychological constructs of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on the leadership effectiveness of the police. Research design, approach and method: This research adopted a quantitative approach to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as attributes of leadership effectiveness. A total of 107 police personnel in commanding positions made up the sample. The measuring instruments used were the Assessing Emotions Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ Form 5X. Main findings: The results confirmed a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness. The correlations were significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed. Practical/managerial implications: Emotional intelligence and self-efficacy should be considered as attributes during the selection of leaders in police organisations or used for developmental purposes to enhance these attributes in police leaders. Contribution/value-add: The insights gained from the findings may be used to guide the selection of future leaders in the policing environment, and they could also be used to establish future developmental programmes and research initiatives.

Yvette Ramchunder

2014-05-01

389

The role of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and leadership style as attributes of leadership effectiveness  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english ORIENTATION: Researching the impact of psychological constructs on police leadership may add value when appointing people in leadership positions or developing people for leadership roles in the police environment. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between th [...] ree constructs, namely emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness in a policing context. MOTIVATION FOR THIS STUDY: In the police sector, there are difficulties in linking leadership to organisational outcomes since common police-leadership measures are affected by multiple contributory factors. This study explores the psychological constructs of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy on the leadership effectiveness of the police. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: This research adopted a quantitative approach to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as attributes of leadership effectiveness. A total of 107 police personnel in commanding positions made up the sample. The measuring instruments used were the Assessing Emotions Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ Form 5X). MAIN FINDINGS: The results confirmed a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy and leadership effectiveness. The correlations were significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Emotional intelligence and self-efficacy should be considered as attributes during the selection of leaders in police organisations or used for developmental purposes to enhance these attributes in police leaders. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The insights gained from the findings may be used to guide the selection of future leaders in the policing environment, and they could also be used to establish future developmental programmes and research initiatives.

Yvette, Ramchunder; Nico, Martins.

390

Tinkering self-efficacy and team interaction on freshman engineering design teams  

Science.gov (United States)

This study utilizes Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a framework to examine the development of tinkering skills white working on a freshman engineering design team. The four sources of self-efficacy were analyzed in the context of tinkering within the design team. The research question, 'Does tinkering self-efficacy change for female students during the Freshman Engineering Design class while working on mixed sex teams?', was addressed using quantitative data collection and field observations. Approximately 41 students enrolled in a freshman engineering design class at a public university in the southwest participated by providing self-reports about their tinkering involvement during each design project. In addition, three mixed-sex student teams were observed while working to complete the course design projects. An observation protocol based on Bandura's sources of self efficacy, was used to document tinkering interactions within the three observed teams. The results revealed that Bandura's sources of self-efficacy influenced tinkering involvement. The self-efficacy source, performance accomplishment measured through prior tinkering experience, was the most influential on tinkering involvement. Unlike Bandura's ranking of influence, verbal persuasion was shown to correlate with more tinkering behaviors than the observation of others. The number of females on a team had no impact on tinkering involvement. Tinkering involvement did not change as students progressed from one project to another. However, the competitive nature of the design project appeared to have a negative impact on tinkering involvement and the division of tasks within the team. In addition, a difference was found in the female students' perception of their tinkering involvement and observation of their tinkering involvement. The findings suggest that effective implementation of teamwork including teamwork preparation, more emphasis on the design process and the elimination of competition between teams are necessary to create a more equitable learning environment.

Richardson, Arlisa Labrie

391

The role of self-efficacy in HIV treatment adherence: validation of the HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (HIV-ASES).  

Science.gov (United States)

Adherence to HIV treatment, including adherence to antiretroviral (ART) medication regimens, is paramount in the management of HIV. Self-efficacy for treatment adherence has been identified as an important correlate of medication adherence in the treatment of HIV and other medical conditions. This paper describes the validation of the HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (HIV-ASES) with two samples of HIV+ adults on ART. Factor analyses support subscales measuring Adherence Integration (eigenvalue=6.12) and Adherence Perseverance (eigenvalue=1.16), accounting for 61% of the variance in scale items. The HIV-ASES demonstrates robust internal consistency (rhos>.90) and 3-month (rs>.70) and 15-month (rs>.40) test-retest reliability. Concurrent validity analyses revealed relationships with psychosocial measures, ART adherence, clinical status, and healthcare utilization. Findings support the use of the HIV-ASES and provide guidance for further investigation of adherence self-efficacy in the context of treatment for HIV and other diseases. PMID:17588200

Johnson, Mallory O; Neilands, Torsten B; Dilworth, Samantha E; Morin, Stephen F; Remien, Robert H; Chesney, Margaret A

2007-10-01

392

A Study on the Correlation between Self Efficacy and Foreign Language Learning Anxiety  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Anxiety in language learning is one of the less researched areas; that is why this study explores whether the anxiety level of foreign language learners is related to their self efficacy levels. For this purpose, 100 participants joined the study and the Foreign Language Learning Anxiety Scale and The Self Efficacy Scale were administered to them. The results show that both aspects are uncorrelated and gender plays no important role in terms of the anxiety level and self perception ratings of these junior teacher trainees.

Feryal ÇUBUKÇU

2008-01-01

393

Developing a career development self-efficacy instrument for Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 24-item measure, the Career Development Self-Efficacy Inventory (CD-SEI), was developed to assess career development self-efficacy among adolescents in Hong Kong. The CD-SEI covered six domains representing competencies needed by high school students transiting from school to work in Hong Kong. The confirmatory factor analyses of the responses from 6776 Grades 10-13 students showed that the six primary factors with one higher order factor model was the best fit to the data, though the one g...

Yuen, M.; Hui, Ekp; Gysbers, Nc; Chan, Rmc; Lau, Psy; Leung, Tkm; Shea, Pmk

2005-01-01

394

The Roles of Self-efficacy and Locus of Control in the Intrapreneurship  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to discover the role of the self efficacy and locus of control on the process of intrapreneurship. The data were collected from 211 employees working in the information sector with using the Intrepreneurship Scale, Self-efficacy Scale and Locus of Control Scale. The results of the structural model showed that there are negative relationship between locus of control and the innovativeness (?=-0,12, p<0,01), risk taking (?=-0,11, p<0,01) and expanding network (?...

Fatih Cetin

2011-01-01

395

Cooperative Learning and Its Effect on Fourth-Grade Mathematics Students' Achievement, Motivation, and Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The focus of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of cooperative learning strategies and student achievement, and student perceptions of self-efficacy and motivation in mathematics. Teacher perceptions of the impact that cooperative learning strategies have on student achievement, intrinsic motivation, and self-efficacy were…

Torchia, Sean P.

2012-01-01

396

Age, Gender, and Ethnicity of Counsellor Trainees and Corresponding Counselling Self-Efficacy: Research Findings and Implications for Counsellor Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the counselling self-efficacy of students in a counsellor education programme, in regard to age, gender, and ethnicity characteristics. To assess counselling self-efficacy, the Counselling Self-Estimate Inventory (COSE) of Larson "et al." ("Counsellor Education & Supervision" 41: 120-130, 1992) was…

Lam, Sarah; Tracz, Susan; Lucey, Christopher

2013-01-01

397

Self-Efficacy and Academic Achievement in Australian High School Students: The Mediating Effects of Academic Aspirations and Delinquency  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies have shown that self-efficacy, aspirational, and other psychosocial influences account for considerable variance in academic achievement through a range of mediational pathways, although no research to date has tested the mediational relationships identified. The present research investigated the structural relations among self-efficacy,…

Carroll, Annemaree; Houghton, Stephen; Wood, Robert; Unsworth, Kerrie; Hattie, John; Gordon, Lisa; Bower, Julie

2009-01-01

398

Use of ICT Technologies and Factors Affecting Pre-Service ELT Teachers' Perceived ICT Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to identify both level and frequency of ICT technology use and factors affecting perceived self-efficacy levels of pre-service English Language Teaching (ELT) teachers' (n = 241) ICT self-efficacy. The data were collected through a survey (Çuhadar & Yücel, 2010) during the 2011-2012 academic year that includes items on the…

Bozdogan, Derya; Özen, Rasit

2014-01-01

399

Efficacy Beliefs of Special Educators: The Relationships among Collective Efficacy, Teacher Self-Efficacy, and Job Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to examine the relationship between reported levels of teacher self-efficacy, collective efficacy, and job satisfaction in special educators, teachers in one school district completed three surveys measuring these constructs. The results indicated that teacher self-efficacy had a direct effect on job satisfaction. It was further found…

Viel-Ruma, Kim; Houchins, David; Jolivette, Kristine; Benson, Gwen

2010-01-01

400

Engagement with Mathematics Courseware in Traditional and Online Remedial Learning Environments: Relationship to Self-Efficacy and Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

This research applied Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory to examine engagement with courseware in traditional and online remedial mathematics learning environments. The study investigated the relationship of courseware engagement to age, computer self-efficacy, computer playfulness, and self-efficacy for self-regulated mathematics learning.…

Spence, Dianna J.; Usher, Ellen L.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Predicting Critical Thinking Skills of University Students through Metacognitive Self-Regulation Skills and Chemistry Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed at examining the extent to which metacognitive self-regulation and chemistry self-efficacy predicted critical thinking. Three hundred sixty-five university students participated in the study. Data were collected using appropriate dimensions of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire and College Chemistry Self-Efficacy

Uzuntiryaki-Kondakci, Esen; Capa-Aydin, Yesim

2013-01-01

402

The Impact of Supervisory Mentoring on Personal Learning and Career Outcomes: The Dual Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Using survey data from 226 employees and their supervisors in four manufacturing companies in China, we found that employee self-efficacy has a dual moderating effect on the impact of supervisory mentoring on subordinate career outcomes. Path analytic tests of mediated moderation suggested that self-efficacy moderates the mediated effects of…

Pan, Wen; Sun, Li-Yun; Chow, Irene Hau Siu

2011-01-01

403

A Study of English Writing and Domain-Specific Motivation and Self-Efficacy of Chinese EFL Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper aims to analyze the relationships between English writing and domain-specific motivation and self-efficacy of Chinese EFL learners. 66 English major students from two grades were invited as participants to complete a writing task and two self-designed questionnaires on English writing motivation and self-efficacy, respectively. It was…

Zhang, Yanyan; Guo, Hui

2012-01-01

404

Effects of Online College Student's Internet Self-Efficacy on Learning Motivation and Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates how Internet self-efficacy helps students to transform motivation into learning action, and its influence on learning performance. In this study, the effects of Internet self-efficacy on motivation and the learning performance of online college students were examined using social cognitive theory. The subjects of this study…

Chang, Chiung-Sui; Liu, Eric Zhi-Feng; Sung, Hung-Yen; Lin, Chun-Hung; Chen, Nian-Shing; Cheng, Shan-Shan

2014-01-01

405

Using Commonality Analysis to Quantify Contributions that Self-Efficacy and Motivational Factors Make in Mathematics Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety have been identified as predictors of mathematics achievement. In the present study, secondary analyses on matrix summaries available from prior published studies were utilized to investigate the contribution that self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety made in mathematics performance. Commonality analyses were…

Zientek, Linda Reichwein; Thompson, Bruce

2010-01-01

406

Acculturation, Enculturation, Ethnic Identity, and Conscientiousness as Predictors of Latino Boys' and Girls' Career Decision Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the role of culture and personality on the career decision self-efficacy of 338 Latino seventh-grade public middle school students. Specifically, we examined the role of acculturation, enculturation, ethnic identity, and conscientiousness on career decision self-efficacy. Findings indicated Latina girls were more acculturated…

Ojeda, Lizette; Pina-Watson, Brandy; Castillo, Linda G.; Castillo, Rosalinda; Khan, Noshaba; Leigh, Jennifer

2012-01-01

407

Validation of a Self-Efficacy Instrument and Its Relationship to Performance of Crisis Resource Management Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-efficacy is thought to be important for resuscitation proficiency in that it influences the development of and access to the associated medical knowledge, procedural skills and crisis resource management (CRM) skills. Since performance assessment of CRM skills is challenging, self-efficacy is often used as a measure of competence in this…

Plant, Jennifer L.; van Schaik, Sandrijn M.; Sliwka, Diane C.; Boscardin, Christy K.; O'Sullivan, Patricia S.

2011-01-01

408

The development and validation of a five factor model of sources of self-efficacy in clinical nursing education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: The aim of this study is to validate a newly developed nurses' self-efficacy sources inventory. We test the validity of a five-dimensional model of sources of self-efficacy, which we contrast with the traditional four-dimensional model based on Bandura’s theoretical concepts. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis was used in the development of the...

Henk Gloudemans; René Schalk; Wouter Reynaert; Johan Braeken

2012-01-01

409

Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' Response-Shift Bias: Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Science  

Science.gov (United States)

Response-shift bias occurs when participants' initial constructs, such as self-efficacy in teaching science, are incomplete because they do not fully conceptualize something they have yet to experience. This study examines whether elementary pre-service teachers can consistently evaluate constructs such as self-efficacy and attitudes toward…

Cartwright, Tina J.; Atwood, Jon

2014-01-01

410

Impact of an Engineering Mentorship Program on African-American Male High School Students' Perceptions and Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an engineering mentorship program on African-American male high school students' perceptions of engineering as a viable career choice. In this study, indicators included students' perceptions of engineering, their self-efficacy in the area of mathematics, and their self-efficacy in the area of…

Denson, Cameron D.; Hill, Roger B.

2010-01-01

411

The Effects of Aural versus Notated Instructional Materials on Achievement and Self-Efficacy in Jazz Improvisation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of aural versus notated pedagogical materials on achievement and self-efficacy in instrumental jazz improvisation performance. A secondary purpose of this study was to investigate how achievement and self-efficacy may be related to selected experience variables. The sample for the…

Watson, Kevin E.

2010-01-01

412

Family Background, Students' Academic Self-Efficacy, and Students' Career and Life Success Expectations  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship of family background on students' academic self-efficacy and the impact of students' self-efficacy on their career and life success expectations. The study used the national dataset of the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS: 2002), funded by the U.S. Department of Education. Based on a path…

Kim, Mihyeon

2014-01-01

413

Effects of an Undergraduate Career Class on Men's and Women's Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Vocational Identity  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study hypothesized that undergraduates enrolled in a career explorations course would report significant gains in career decision-making self-efficacy and vocational identity during a semester. A repeated measures MANOVA was used to assess 88 students' precourse and postcourse self-efficacy for five tasks related to career decision…

Scott, Anne B.; Ciani, Keith D.

2008-01-01

414

The Relationship between Statistics Self-Efficacy, Statistics Anxiety, and Performance in an Introductory Graduate Statistics Course  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between statistics self-efficacy, statistics anxiety, and performance in introductory graduate statistics courses. The study design compared two statistics self-efficacy measures developed by Finney and Schraw (2003), a statistics anxiety measure developed by Cruise and Wilkins (1980),…

Schneider, William R.

2011-01-01