Research on Passivity Based Controller of Three Phase Voltage Source PWM Rectifier
Yin Hongren
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Euler-Lagrange (EL model of voltage source PWM rectifier is set up based on its model in synchronous dq coordinates. Passivity based controller is designed on the basis of passivity and EL model of voltage source PWM rectifier. Three switching function are educed by passivity based controller. A switching function is only realized in engineering consequently. Voltage source PWM rectifier using passivity based controller has many advantages, such as simpler structure, low total harmonic distortion, and good disturbance rejection performance. Passivity based control law is proved feasible by simulink simulation.
A single leg switched PWM method for three-phase H-Bridge Voltage Source Converters
Senturk, Osman Selcuk; Helle, Lars; Munk-Nielsen, Stig; Rodriguez, Pedro; Teodorescu, Remus
This paper proposes a single leg switched or a hybrid PWM (HPWM) method for three-phase three-level H-Bridge Voltage Source Converters (3L-HB-VSCs). By means of the proposed modulation, a 3L-HB-VSC can generate the same output as a three-level neutral point clamped (3L-NPC) VSC with phase...... disposition (PD) PWM provided that the outputs of 3L-HBVSC are isolated by transformers or connected to open winding machines. Thus, the proposed method is called PD-HPWM. Moreover, it is emphasized that 3L-HB-VSC with HPWM utilizes its switches similar to 3L-NPC-VSC. Compared to 3L-NPC-VSCs, 3L......-HB-VSCs (without neutral point clamping diodes) have simpler, more modular, and more reliable 2L circuit structure. Therefore, this method encourages the use of 3L-HB-VSCs in the applications utilizing transformers such as grid-side converters of multi-MW wind turbines. The proposed PWM method's performance is...
Step-by-Step Design Procedure for a Grid-Connected Three-Phase PWM Voltage Source Converter,
Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede; Aquila, Antonio Dell
2004-01-01
The voltage source active rectifier is one of the most interesting solutions to interfacing dc power systems to the grid. Many elements are responsible for the overall system behaviour, such as value of the passive elements, sensors position, analog/digital filters and ac current/dc voltage contr...
S. Manivannan, S. Veerakuma; P. Karuppusamy, A. Nandhakumar
2014-01-01
The Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter supplies invariably required variable voltage and frequency of the adjustable speed drive system. A number of pulse width modulation (PWM) schemes are used to obtain variable voltage and frequency supply from an inverter. The most widely used PWM scheme for a Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter is carrier based sinusoidal PWM and Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM). There is an increasing trend of using SVPWM, beca...
Three phase voltage source converter current analysis
The proposed rectifier system consists of a three-phase diode bridge circuit as a main power circuit, A C reactors, and an additional circuit, which serves as an active filter with low switching frequencies and forced-commutation circuit for the diodes. These papers describe the operation principle, analysis of the waveforms of input voltage and current, the calculated of A C input current, multiple phase-shifted systems, and the experimental result. Avery conventional method was employed to analyze the input current equation; in that, the ripple output was neglected. The theory developed in this paper was verified twice; by calculation result and experiments. The calculated A C input the simple program using the algorithm of current equations calculated current waveforms presented in this paper. A switching circuit has been added to the diode rectifier, serving as an active filter and a forced-commutation circuit for diodes systems
罗德荣; 姬小豪; 黄晟; 廖武
2014-01-01
Mathematical modeling of voltage source PWM filter is conducted and a predictive power model under two-phase rest frame is established, on this basis an optimal model predictive direct power control (MPDPC) strategy is proposed. In the proposed control strategy the voltage vector in power supply system is taken as the basic control vector and utilizing power directive model and minimum power error principle the formula of objective control voltage vector is obtained, then combining with space vector PWM modulation(SVPWM) the model predictive direct power control is implemented. Meanwhile, considering the step delay in actual control systems a delay compensation scheme is designed. Besides, the repetitive control is led in to optimize the active and reactive power in each sampling cycle. The feasibility of the proposed control method is validated by results of simulation and experiments.%对电压型PWM整流器进行了数学建模，然后在两相静止坐标系下建立了预测功率模型，在此基础上提出了优化的模型预测直接功率控制(model predictive direct power control，MPDPC)策略。该方法用电网电压矢量作为基本控制矢量，利用功率预测模型和功率误差最小原则，得出目标控制电压矢量公式，结合空间矢量脉宽调制实现模型预测功率控制。同时针对实际系统中的一步延迟设计了延时补偿方案。此外，在系统中引入重复控制对每个采样周期系统的有功、无功功率进行优化。仿真和实验验证了表明所提出的方法的可行性。
Abolfazl Halavei Niasar; Ehsan Boloor Kashani
2013-01-01
Induction motors offer many advantages tools, and therefore are becoming very popular industrially and commercially. This paper presents the implementation of Xmega microcontroller based PWM inverter controlled of four-switch three phase voltage source inverter (FSTPI) fed induction motor drive. The reduction of the number of power switches from six to four improves the cost effectiveness, volume-compactness and reliability of the three phase inverters in addition to less complexity of contro...
Zulkifilie Bin Ibrahim
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Pulse width modulation (PWM technique is one of the vital issues for power electronic circuit control. A number of Pulse width modulation (PWM techniques are increasingly applied in many new industrial applications that require superior performance. The most widely applied PWM technique for three-phase voltage source inverters are Sine Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM, Third Harmonic Injection Pulse Width Modulation (THIPWM and Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM. SPWM is the most simple modulation technique that can realize easily in analog circuit. However, it has some drawbacks such as higher total harmonic distortion (THD, lower switching frequency and not capable in over modulation region. THIPWM and SVPWM both provide better THD compared to SPWM. SVPWM shows lower THD in over modulation region and in high frequency application compared to THIPWM. These three techniques are discussed, analyzed and compared in terms of modulation index, switching frequency and inverter input voltage in this paper. The modeling and simulation for all PWM techniques have been done by using MATLAB/SIMULINK and Origin 6.1. From the simulation results, SVPWM shows the best performance and meet IEEE 519 standard of current harmonics level.
Ajay Kumar Maurya, Kishore Chahar, Y. K. Chauhan
2013-01-01
This paper presents the analysis of a photovoltaicbases three-phase five level voltage source inverter(VSI) supplying induction motor driven waterpump. The VSI uses a unipolar PWM technique forproducing three phase 5 level voltage output andthis output is used to drive three-phase inductionmotor driving a pump load. Multilevel inverters areused for generating AC voltage from several levelsof DC voltages and enhance the performance of thesystem. The proposed system is used to reduce thefilteri...
An Integrated Inductor For Parallel Interleaved Three-Phase Voltage Source Converters
Gohil, Ghanshyamsinh Vijaysinh; Bede, Lorand; Teodorescu, Remus; Kerekes, Tamas; Blaabjerg, Frede
2016-01-01
Three phase Voltage Source Converters (VSCs) are often connected in parallel to realize high current output converter system. The harmonic quality of the resultant switched output voltage can be improved by interleaving the carrier signals of these parallel connected VSCs. As a result, the line...
Shunt PWM advanced var compensators based on voltage source inverters for Facts applications
Barbosa, Pedro G.; Misaka, Isamu; Watanabe, Edson H. [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia
1994-12-31
Increased attention has been given to improving power system operation. This paper presents modeling, analysis and design of reactive shunt power compensators based on PWM-Voltage Source Inverters (Pulse Width Modulation -Voltage Source Inverters). (Pulse Width Modulation - Voltage Source Inverters). The control algorithm is based on new concepts of instantaneous active and reactive power theory. The objective is to show that with a small capacitor in the side of a 3-phase PWM-VSI it is possible to synthesize a variable reactive (capacitive or inductive) device. Design procedures and experimental results are presented. The feasibility of this method was verified by digital simulations and measurements on a small scale model. (author) 9 refs., 12 figs.
Three-phase power conversion using soft-switching PWM techniques
Vlatkovic, Vlatko
1994-01-01
This dissertation addresses several key issues related to high-frequency soft-switching PWM three-phase power converters. These are: 1. Analysis, synthesis, and design of three-phase soft-switching PWM power converter topologies, 2. Design of input EMI filters for three-phase converters, and 3. Design of microprocessor controllers for three-phase converters. An analysis of existing soft-switching PWM techniques is performed, and two generalized soft-switching PWM converte...
Analysis of Peak-to-Peak Current Ripple Amplitude in Seven-Phase PWM Voltage Source Inverters
Gabriele Grandi; Jelena Loncarski
2013-01-01
Multiphase systems are nowadays considered for various industrial applications. Numerous pulse width modulation (PWM) schemes for multiphase voltage source inverters with sinusoidal outputs have been developed, but no detailed analysis of the impact of these modulation schemes on the output peak-to-peak current ripple amplitude has been reported. Determination of current ripple in multiphase PWM voltage source inverters is important for both design and control purposes. This paper gives the c...
Analysis of Discontinuous Space Vector PWM Techniques for a Seven-Phase Voltage Source Inverter
Mohd. Arif Khan
2012-03-01
Full Text Available This paper presents discontinuous space vector PWM (DPWM techniques for a seven-phase voltage source inverter (VSI. Space vector model of a seven-phase VSI shows that there exist 128 space vectors with different lengths and maps into fourteen sided polygons. A number of possibilities could arise to implement modulation of inverter legs due to large number of available space voltage vectors. Two strategies are adopted here; one utilising large and two middle sets of space vectors to implement discontinuous space vector PWM. Clamping of legs of inverter to either positive or negative dc bus leads to discontinuity in the switching and consequently offers reduced switching loss modulation strategy. A significant reduction in switching losses can be achieved while employing DPWM in a seven-phase VSI. A generalised method is also proposed to realize the DPWM in a seven-phase VSI. Comparison of continuous and discontinuous PWM is presented in terms of switching current ripple. The experimental set-up is illustrated and the experimental results are presented.
Simulation Study of the Carrier-Based PWM Method in Three- Phase Flying Capacitor Inverters
Adrian Şchiop
2008-01-01
This paper is a simulation study ofmodulation strategies in three-phase flying capacitorinverters. Under investigation are those strategies thatsolve the capacitor voltage balancing problem: phaseshiftPWM method, the saw-tooth rotation PWM methodand carrier redistribution PWM method. The results areshown through simulation.
Impact of PWM strategies on RMS current of the DC-link Voltage Capacitor of a dual-three phase drive
ROUHANA, Najib; DUGUEY, Jean-François; SEMAIL, Eric
2014-01-01
The major drawback of usual dual three-phase AC machines, when supplied by a Voltage Source Inverter (VSI), is the occurrence of extra harmonic currents which circulate in the stator windings causing additional losses and constraints on the power component. This paper compares dedicated Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) strategies used for controlling a dual three phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous machine supplied by a six-leg VSI. Since the application is intended for low-voltage (48V) mild-hybr...
Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Guerrero, Josep M.; Savaghebi, Mehdi; Eloy-Garcia, Joaquin; Teodorescu, Remus
2013-01-01
Power electronics based MicroGrids consist of a number of voltage source inverters (VSIs) operating in parallel. In this paper, the modeling, control design, and stability analysis of parallel connected three-phase VSIs are derived. The proposed voltage and current inner control loops and the...
SYNCHRONOUS PWM CONTROL OF SYMMETRICAL DUAL THREE-PHASE DRIVE IN THE OVERMODULATION ZONE
Oleschuk V.I.; Sizov A.
2013-01-01
The analysis of operation of symmetrical six-phase (dual three-phase) ac drive system (which is a promising solution for the medium-power and high-power applications) with synchronized pulse-width modulation (PWM) during overmodulation has been performed. The induction machine of this system topology has two sets of windings spatially shifted by 60 electrical degrees with isolated neutral points, which are connected with two standard three-phase inverters. Algorithms of synchronized PWM provi...
Integrated inductor for interleaved operation of two parallel three-phase voltage source converters
Gohil, Ghanshyamsinh; Bede, Lorand; Teodorescu, Remus; Kerekes, Tamas; Blaabjerg, Frede
This paper presents an integrated inductor for two parallel interleaved Voltage Source Converters (VSCs). Interleaving of the carrier signals leads to improvement in the harmonic quality of the resultant output voltage and the line current filtering requirements can then be reduced. However, the ...
Control Method Compensating for Unbalanced Three-Phase Voltage Supply in Voltage Source Inverter
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk; Bendl, Jiří
Sydney: The University of Newcastle Australia, 2004, s. 523-527. [Symposium IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) on Mechatronic Systems /3./. Sydney (AU), 06.09.2004-08.09.2004] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/02/0554 Keywords : voltage source inverter * unbalanced voltage supply * pulse width modulation Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Superior decoupled control of active and reactive power for three-phase voltage source converters
RAHBARIMAGHAM, HESAM; AMIRI, ERFAN MAALI; VAHIDI, Behrooz; GHAREHPETIAN, GEVORG BABAMALEK; Abedi, Mehrdad
2015-01-01
This paper presents an active-reactive power control strategy for voltage source converters (VSCs) based on derivation of the direct and quadrature components of the VSC output current. The proposed method utilizes a multivariable proportional-integral controller and provides almost completely decoupled control capability of the active and reactive power with almost full disturbance rejection due to step changes in the power exchanged between the VSC and the grid. It also imposes fast transie...
Three-Phase Voltage Source Inverter with Compensation of Unbalanced Voltage Supply
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk; Bendl, Jiří
Tokyo: Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, 2005, s. 2038-2041. ISBN 4-88686-065-6. [International Power Electronic Conference IPEC-Niigata 2005. Toki Messe, Niigata (JP), 04.04.2005-08.04.2005] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA102/04/0215 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : unbalanced voltage supply * voltage source inverter * pulse width modulation Subject RIV: JA - Electronic s ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Analysis of Peak-to-Peak Current Ripple Amplitude in Seven-Phase PWM Voltage Source Inverters
Gabriele Grandi
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Multiphase systems are nowadays considered for various industrial applications. Numerous pulse width modulation (PWM schemes for multiphase voltage source inverters with sinusoidal outputs have been developed, but no detailed analysis of the impact of these modulation schemes on the output peak-to-peak current ripple amplitude has been reported. Determination of current ripple in multiphase PWM voltage source inverters is important for both design and control purposes. This paper gives the complete analysis of the peak-to-peak current ripple distribution over a fundamental period for multiphase inverters, with particular reference to seven-phase VSIs. In particular, peak-to-peak current ripple amplitude is analytically determined as a function of the modulation index, and a simplified expression to get its maximum value is carried out. Although reference is made to the centered symmetrical PWM, being the most simple and effective solution to maximize the DC bus utilization, leading to a nearly-optimal modulation to minimize the RMS of the current ripple, the analysis can be readily extended to either discontinuous or asymmetrical modulations, both carrier-based and space vector PWM. A similar approach can be usefully applied to any phase number. The analytical developments for all different sub-cases are verified by numerical simulations.
CONTROL TECHNIQUES FOR VARIOUS BIPOLAR PWM STRATEGIES OF THREE PHASE FIVE LEVEL CASCADED INVERTER
C. R. BALAMURUGAN
2015-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents different types of bipolar Pulse Width Modulation (PWM strategies for the chosen Cascaded MultiLevel Inverter (CMLI. The main purpose of MLI is to use power semiconductor devices of lower voltage ratings to realize high voltage levels at inverter output. Due to their ability to obtain refined output voltage waveforms, reduced Total Harmonic Distortion (THD and reduced EMI problems by reducing the switching dv/dt. In this paper, a three phase CMLI is controlled with Sinusoidal PWM strategy with Phase Disposition PWM (PDPWM, Phase Opposition and Disposition PWM (PODPWM, Alternative Phase Opposition and Disposition PWM (APODPWM, Phase Shift PWM (PSPWM and hybrid modulation strategy and the variation of THD in their outputs are observed by varying the modulation index. Simulations are performed using MATLAB-SIMULINK. It is observed that APODPWM and PSPWM provide output with relatively low distortion. It is also seen that PS, APOD and hybrid PWM are found to perform better since they provide relatively higher fundamental RMS output voltage. From hardware results it is seen that POD PWM provides output with relatively low distortion. It is also observed that PSPWM is found to perform better since it provide relatively higher fundamental RMS output voltage.
Intelligent Optimize Design of LCL Filter for Three-Phase Voltage-Source PWM Rectifier
Sun, Wei; Chen, Zhe; Wu, Xiaojie
2009-01-01
Compared to traditional L filter, a LCL filter is more effective on reducing harmonic distortion at switch frequency. So it is important to choose the LCL filter parameters to achieve good filtering effect. This paper introduces some traditional design methods. Design of a LCL filter by genetic...... algorithm (GA) and particle swam optimization (PSO) are presented in this paper and comparison of the two intelligent optimization. Simulation result and calculate data are provided to prove that intelligent optimization are more effective and simple than traditional methods....
Three Phase Six-Switch PWM Buck Rectifier with Power Factor Improvement
Zafar Ullah Khan, M; Mohsin Naveed, M.; Hussain, Dil Muhammad Akbar
2013-01-01
Conventional Phase Controlled Rectifier injects low order current harmonics into the AC mains. Large size filtering components are required to attenuate these harmonics. In this paper, Three Phase Six-Switch PWM Buck Rectifier[1] is presented which operates at nearly unity power factor and provid...
SELVAMUTHUKUMARAN Rajasekar; NATARAJAN Muraly; PERIANAYAGAM Ajay-D-VimalRaj; MAHALINGAM Sudhakaran
2010-01-01
This paper investigates the performanceand comparison of two pulse-width-modulation (PWM)techniques by employing direct current control strategyapplied to three phase shunt hybrid active power filter(SHAPF). The objective of SHAPF is to eliminate linecurrent harmonics and to incur reactive powercompensation. The direct current control strategy isimplemented using Standard PWM (S-PWM) and aModified PWM (M-WM), in order to compensatecurrent harmonic and reactive power generated bydifferent load...
Three-Phase PWM Power Conversion--The Route to Ultra High Power Density and Efficiency
J W Kolar; J Minib(o)ck; T Nussbaumer
2005-01-01
A review of three-phase PWM converter topologies which do show a low complexity/high reliability and high efficiency and power density and are therefore of main interest for a future industrial application is presented.A three-switch/level Boost-type PWM rectifier (VIENNA Rectifier),a Buck+Boost-type PWM rectifier with wide output voltage range and the AC/AC Sparse Matrix Converter concept are discussed in detail and topics to be treated in the course of further research are identified. Finally,it is shown how the aspects being relevant for the realization of highly compact converter systems could be integrated into education in the field.
Abdelkrim Thameur
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a regulation method of back-to-back connected two-level PWM rectifier-five-level Voltage Source Inverter (VSI in order to reduce the torque ripple in induction motor. First part is dedicated to the presentation of the feedback control of two-level PWM rectifier. In the second part, five-level Neutral Point Clamped (NPC voltage source inverter balancing DC bus algorithm is presented. A theoretical analysis with a complete simulation of the system is presented to prove the excellent performance of the proposed technique.
Abdelkrim Thameur; Benamrane Karima; Bezza Badreddine
2015-01-01
This paper proposes a regulation method of back-to-back connected two-level PWM rectifier-five-level Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) in order to reduce the torque ripple in induction motor. First part is dedicated to the presentation of the feedback control of two-level PWM rectifier. In the second part, five-level Neutral Point Clamped (NPC) voltage source inverter balancing DC bus algorithm is presented. A theoretical analysis with a complete simulation of the system is presented to prove the...
CONTROL TECHNIQUES FOR VARIOUS BIPOLAR PWM STRATEGIES OF THREE PHASE FIVE LEVEL CASCADED INVERTER
C. R. Balamurugan; S. P. NATARAJAN; R. BENSRAJ
2015-01-01
This paper presents different types of bipolar Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) strategies for the chosen Cascaded MultiLevel Inverter (CMLI). The main purpose of MLI is to use power semiconductor devices of lower voltage ratings to realize high voltage levels at inverter output. Due to their ability to obtain refined output voltage waveforms, reduced Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and reduced EMI problems by reducing the switching dv/dt. In this paper, a three phase CMLI is controlled with S...
Microcontroller based PWM controlled four switch three phase inverter fed induction motor drive
Mohanty Kant Nalin; Muthu Ranganath
2010-01-01
This paper presents PIC microcontroller based PWM inverter controlled four switch three phase inverter (FSTPI) fed Induction Motor drive. The advantage of this inverter that uses of 4 switches instead of conventional 6 switches is lesser switching losses, lower electromagnetic interference (EMI), less complexity of control algorithms and reduced interface circuits. Simulation and experimental work are carried out and results presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. S...
A New PWM Modifying Technique for Reconstructing Three-phase Currents from DC Bus Current
Aoyagi, Shigehisa; Iwaji, Yoshitaka; Tobari, Kazuaki; Sakamoto, Kiyoshi
Vector control is used to drive a DC brushless motor and generally needs current information. DC bus current detection is often adopted as a low cost method for reconstructing three-phase currents. PWM modifying techniques increase the DC pulse duration, thereby enabling easy detection of the DC bus current. However, these techniques have two problems: reducing a noise frequency and making the reconstructed current waveforms distorted by current ripple. In the techniques, modification signals are added to the three-phase voltage commands; the sum of the signals over a single cycle is zero. The authors examined several PWM modifying techniques from the points of view of noise and current distortion performance. One of the techniques had a good noise performance, and the frequency component of the noise was the same as the carrier frequency (fc). However, the reconstructed current waveforms were distorted. The total harmonic distortion (THD) varied from 1.7% to 4.1%. Another technique had a very poor noise performance, and the frequency component on the noise was one-fourth of fc. The authors developed a new PWM modifying method called “Half Pulse Shift”, which achieves the optimum noise and current distortion performance. The frequency component of the new method was two-thirds of fc, and the current waveforms were not distorted; the THD in the simulations and experiments was 0.5%-1.4% and 3.4%-3.6%, respectively.
Microcontroller based PWM Inverter for Speed Control of a Three Phase Induction Motor
M. A. Latif
2013-04-01
Full Text Available Three phase induction motor has proven to be an extremely reliable electromechanical energy conversion device for over 100 years. The speed control of induction motor is a crying need for the real world industrial applications. However, there are so many options available for the precise speed control of induction motor except by changingthe frequency. Therefore to achieve the goal of speed control of induction motor, there is no alternative of inverters. With the availability of high speed power semiconductor devices, the three phase inverters play the key role for variable speed ac motor drives. In addition to the speed control, the inverter can also provide some unique features, like voltage control, torque control, power factor correction, auto breaking, built in protection system and so forth.In this paper, a three phases PWM inverter using MC3PHAC microcontroller with computer interface is proposed to run a squirrel case induction motor. Some results of the proposed inverter are presented.
Panfilov, Dmitry; Husev, Oleksandr; Blaabjerg, Frede; Zakis, Janis; Khandakji, Kamal
2016-01-01
This study compares a three-phase three-level voltage source inverter with an intermediate dc-dc boost converter and a quasi-Z-source inverter in terms of passive elements values and dimensions, semiconductor stresses, and overall efficiency. A comparative analysis was conducted with relative...
Microcontroller based PWM controlled four switch three phase inverter fed induction motor drive
Mohanty Kant Nalin
2010-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents PIC microcontroller based PWM inverter controlled four switch three phase inverter (FSTPI fed Induction Motor drive. The advantage of this inverter that uses of 4 switches instead of conventional 6 switches is lesser switching losses, lower electromagnetic interference (EMI, less complexity of control algorithms and reduced interface circuits. Simulation and experimental work are carried out and results presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. Simulation is carried out using MATLAB SIMULINK and in the experimental work a prototype model is built to verify the simulation results. PIC microcontroller (PIC 16F877A is used to generate the PWM pulses for FSTPI to drive the 0.5 hp 3-phase Induction Motor.
Comparative analysis of SPWM and SVPWM control for three phase inverter
K. Vinoth Kumar; Prawin Angel Michael; Joseph P. John; S.Suresh Kumar
2010-01-01
A voltage source inverter is commonly used to supply a three-phase induction motor with variable frequency and variable voltage for variable speed applications. A suitable pulse width modulation (PWM) technique is employed to obtain the required output voltage in the line side of the inverter. The different methods for PWM generation can be broadly classified into triangle comparison based PWM (TCPWM) and Space Vector based PWM (SVPWM). In TCPWM methods such as sine-triangle PWM, three phase ...
Three phase six-switch PWM buck rectifier with power factor improvement
Conventional Phase Controlled Rectifier injects low order current harmonics into the AC mains. Large size filtering components are required to attenuate these harmonics. In this paper, three phase six-switch PWM buck rectifier is presented which operates at nearly unity power factor and provides variable output voltage. Small size energy storing components are required depending upon switching frequency. MATLAB simulation is performed and modified Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM) switching technique is used in 3kW prototype converter to demonstrate low input current THD, nearly unity displacement factor, well regulated output voltage and reduced switching losses compared to conventional SPWM.
Cavagnino, Andrea; Boglietti, Aldo; Bojoi, Iustin Radu; Tenconi, Alberto
2008-01-01
A performance analysis of three-phase and dual three-phase (DTP) induction pulsewidth modulation (PWM) inverter-fed motor drives is conducted in this paper. The focus is on the efficiency performance of high-frequency DTP machines compared to their three-phase counterparts in low/medium power applications. For this purpose, a DTP machine, having two sets of stator three-phase windings spatially shifted by 30 electrical degrees (asymmetrical six-phase winding configuration), was tested for bot...
Modi, Manoj Kumar; Venugopal, S.; Narayanan, G.
2013-01-01
The equivalence of triangle-comparison-based pulse width modulation (TCPWM) and space vector based PWM (SVPWM) during linear modulation is well-known. This paper analyses triangle-comparison based PWM techniques (TCPWM) such as sine-triangle PWM (SPWM) and common-mode voltage injection PWM during overmodulation from a space vector point of view. The average voltage vector produced by TCPWM during overmodulation is studied in the stationary (a-b) reference frame. This is compared and contraste...
Doumoto, Takafumi; Akagi, Hirofumi
This paper proposes a small-sized passive EMI filter for the purpose of eliminating high-frequency shaft voltage and ground leakage current from an ac motor. The motor is driven by a general-purpose PWM inverter connected to a three-phase grounded voltage source. The passive EMI filter requires access to the ungrounded neutral point of the motor. This unique circuit configuration makes the common-mode inductor effective in reducing the high-frequency common-mode voltage generated by the PWM inverter with a carrier frequency of 15kHz. As a result, both high-frequency shaft voltage and ground leakage current can be eliminated very efficiently. However, the common-mode inductor may not play any role in reducing the low-frequency common-mode voltage generated by the diode rectifier, so that a low-frequency component still remains in the shaft voltage. Such a low-frequency shaft voltage may not produce any bad effect on motor bearings. The validity and effectiveness of the EMI filter is verified by experimental results obtained from a 200-V 5-kVA laboratory system.
VISHNU MOHAN MISHRA
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a novel control scheme and designing of reactance parameter of PWM convereterand, find the optimized value of parameters for voltage PI controller for three phase ac/dc PWM converter. Using new trends Genetic algorithms- are discussed, as well.Paper describes the application of Genetic Algorithms for optimization of controller parameters of PWM converter. The behavior of the stability region is plotted with different sampling periods.Genetic Algorithms used for off-line searching Using the MATLAB, the simulation model of the dc- link PWM ac/dc converter is built up. According to the simulation results, it is known that, the presented control strategy is feasible and valid, and the converter can work well under dc motor load condition, and thus the total harmonics distortion (THD can be reduced quickly and effectively. The PWM rectifier operates as a rectifier to supply dc power to its load a dc motor and at the same time, to improve the power factor and to compensate harmonics drawn from non-linear loads connected on the ac line.
Manoj Kumar Modi; S Venugopal; G Narayanan
2013-06-01
The equivalence of triangle-comparison-based pulse width modulation (TCPWM) and space vector based PWM (SVPWM) during linear modulation is well-known. This paper analyses triangle-comparison based PWM techniques (TCPWM) such as sine-triangle PWM (SPWM) and common-mode voltage injection PWM during overmodulation from a space vector point of view. The average voltage vector produced by TCPWM during overmodulation is studied in the stationary (a–b) reference frame. This is compared and contrasted with the average voltage vector corresponding to the well-known standard two-zone algorithm for space vector modulated inverters. It is shown that the two-zone overmodulation algorithm itself can be derived from the variation of average voltage vector with TCPWM. The average voltage vector is further studied in a synchronously revolving (d-q) reference frame. The RMS value of low-order voltage ripple can be estimated, and can be used to compare harmonic distortion due to different PWM methods during overmodulation. The measured values of the total harmonic distortion (THD) in the line currents are presented at various fundamental frequencies. The relative values of measured current THD pertaining to different PWM methods tally with those of analytically evaluated RMS voltage ripple.
An Optimal PR Control Strategy with Load Current Observer for a Three-Phase Voltage Source Inverter
Xiaobo Dou
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Inverter voltage control is an important task in the operation of a DC/AC microgrid system. To improve the inverter voltage control dynamics, traditional approaches attempt to measure and feedforward the load current, which, however, needs remote measurement with communications in a microgrid system with distributed loads. In this paper, a load current observer (LCO based control strategy, which does not need remote measurement, is proposed for sinusoidal signals tracking control of a three-phase inverter of the microgrid. With LCO, the load current is estimated precisely, acting as the feedforward of the dual-loop control, which can effectively enlarge the stability margin of the control system and improve the dynamic response to load disturbance. Furthermore, multiple PR regulators are applied in this strategy conducted in a stationary frame to suppress the transient fluctuations and the total harmonic distortion (THD of the output voltage and achieve faster transient performance compared with traditional dual-loop control in a rotating dq0 frame under instantaneous change of various types of load (i.e., balanced load, unbalanced load, and nonlinear load. The parameters of multiple PR regulators are analyzed and selected through the root locus method and the stability of the whole control system is evaluated and analyzed. Finally, the validity of the proposed approach is verified through simulations and a three-phase prototype test system with a TMS320F28335 DSP.
Lar, Ionut Andrei; Radulescu, Mircea; Ritchie, Ewen; Pop, Adrian Augustin
A comparison between two current control methods of grid side inverter, PI current control and Robust Forward control is made. PI control is implemented in d-q synchronous frame while Forward is implemented in abc stationary frames.The report contains both simulations and experimental test wich w...
C. R. Balamurugan
2012-11-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the comparison of Unipolar Inverted Sine Carrier Pulse Width Modulation (UISCPWM techniques for the Cascaded Multi Level Inverter (CMLI. Due to switch combination redundancies, there are certain degrees of freedom to generate the multilevel AC output voltage. This paper presents the use of Control Freedom Degree (CFD combination. The effectiveness of the pulse width modulation strategies developed using CFD are demonstrated using simulation. The results indicate that the chosen five level inverter triggered by the developed UISC phase shift PWM and UISC variable frequency PWM strategy with sine and stepped wave references and UISC alternate phase opposition disposition PWM strategy with 60 degree reference exhibit reduced harmonics and UISC carrier overlapping PWM provides higher fundamental RMS output voltage for all three chosen references. Simulations are performed using MATLAB-SIMULINK.
Doumoto, Takafumi; Akagi, Hirofumi
This paper proposes a practical approach to suppressing both shaft voltage and leakage current in an ac motor driven by a voltage-source PWM inverter. This approach is characterized by using a neutral line of the ac motor. A common-mode inductor is connected between the inverter and the motor. Moreover, a resistor and a capacitor are connected in series between the motor neutral point and the inverter negative dc bus. This unique circuit configuration makes the common-mode inductor effective in reducing the common-mode voltage appearing at the motor terminals. As a result, both shaft voltage and ground current are significantly suppressed with low cost. Over-voltages at the end of a cable can be suppressed by a normal-mode inductor and a resistor which are connected in parallel. The validity and effectiveness of the new approach are verified by experimental results from a 5-kVA laboratory system.
An Analytical Modelling of Three-Phase Four-Switch PWM Rectifier Under Unbalanced Supply Conditions
Klíma, J.; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor
2007-01-01
Roč. 54, č. 12 (2007), s. 1155-1159. ISSN 1549-7747 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA200760703 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : modelling * pulsewidth modulation (PWM) * reactive power Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering Impact factor: 1.104, year: 2007
Analytical closed-form solution of three-phase four-switch PWM rectifier
Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor; Klíma, J.; Pecha, I.
2010-01-01
Roč. 55, č. 3 (2010), s. 223-235. ISSN 0001-7043 R&D Projects: GA MPO FT-TA5/123 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : four-switch PWM rectifier * space vector modulation * closed-form analytical solution Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Analytical Modeling and Implementation of Three-Phase Four-Switch Space-Vector PWM Converter
Paclt, Zdeněk; Šimek, Petr; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor; Klíma, J.
Prague : Institute of Thermomechanics AS CR, v. v. i., 2008, s. 49-52. ISBN 978-80-87012-13-0. [Symposium Electric Machines and Drives, Power Electronics and Drive Control. Prague (CZ), 30.09.2008-02.10.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA200760703 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : four-switch PWM rectifier * space vector modulation * closed-form analytical solution Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Modeling and Implementation of Three-Phase Component Minimized PWM Converter
Šimek, Petr; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor; Klíma, J.
Brno : VUT FEKT Brno, 2008, s. 1-8. ISBN 978-80-7204-603-4. [Celostátní konference EPVE 2008. Brno (CZ), 11.11.2008-12.11.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA200760703 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : four-switch PWM rectifier * space vector modulation * closed-form analytical solution Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Repetitive current control of two-level and interleaved three-phase PWM utility connected converters
Jamil, Mohsin
2012-01-01
This thesis is mainly concerned with investigations into digital repetitive current control of two-level and interleaved utility connected PWM converters. The research is motivated by the relatively poor performance of classical (PI) controllers when the utility voltage harmonic distortion is high. This is due to the low gain, and poor disturbance rejection of the PI controller at the utility harmonic frequencies. Repetitive feedback controllers have the ability to track or rej...
J. CHELLADURAI
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Power quality problems caused by significant increase of non-linear loads initiated intensive research in high power factor converters. Most of the modern power electronic systems like variable speed drives, DC power supplies and battery charging systems uses uncontrolled diode bridge rectifier. The uncontrolled rectifier system injects lot of harmonics in to the AC supply system there by reducing the power factor to less than unity. Single stage PWM rectifier is the novel solution to eliminate the harmonics and to improve the input power factor. In this paper, a scalar controlled PWM rectifier is modeled and the system is compared with the conventional bridge rectifier with and without filter.The major advantages of using this technique are less intensive computational control and sensor less input voltage operation. The PWM rectifier system is investigated using the different carrier and modulating signal. The scalar control technique is used to control the boost rectifier output voltage and input power factor. The performance of the rectifier with different carrier and modulating techniques were compared with respect to the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD in source current. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the modified modulating signal and triangular carrier signal for effectively reducing the source current THD.
The integrated voltage compensation type active superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) is composed of three air-core superconducting transformers and a three-phase four-wire PWM converter. In order to realize the current-limiting characteristics of the integrated active SFCL, it is needed to control the three-phase four-wire PWM converter flexibly and reasonably. Thereby, the control strategy for the converter is analyzed in this paper. In dq0 reference frame, the mathematical model of the converter is founded. The double-loop control strategy, consisting of voltage outer loop and current inner loop, is presented. Moreover, the voltage balance control for the split DC link capacitors is also considered. Using MATLAB, the simulation model of the integrated active SFCL is built. According to the simulation results, it is known that, the presented control strategy is feasible and valid, and the converter can work well under unsymmetrical and symmetrical fault conditions, and then the fault current can be limited quickly and effectively.
DUAL THREE-PHASE ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE WITH SYNCHRONIZED SPACE-VECTOR MODULATION
Oleschuk V.I.
2008-04-01
Full Text Available Split-phase symmetrical motor drive on the base of two voltage source inverters, controlled by algorithms of synchronized pulse width modulation (PWM, has been investigated. Simulation results are presented for dual three-phase power conversion systems with continuous, discontinuous and combined versions of synchronized PWM.
DUAL THREE-PHASE ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE WITH SYNCHRONIZED SPACE-VECTOR MODULATION
Oleschuk V.I.; Prudeak R.; Sizov A.S.; Iaroshenco E.M.
2008-01-01
Split-phase symmetrical motor drive on the base of two voltage source inverters, controlled by algorithms of synchronized pulse width modulation (PWM), has been investigated. Simulation results are presented for dual three-phase power conversion systems with continuous, discontinuous and combined versions of synchronized PWM.
Hong-yu Zhu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Broken rotor bars fault detection in inverter-fed squirrel cage induction motors is still as difficult as the dynamics introduced by the control system or the dynamically changing excitation (stator frequency. This paper introduces a novel fault diagnosis techniques using motor current signature analysis (MCSA to solve the problems. Switching function concept and frequency modulation theory are firstly used to model fault current signal. The competency of the amplitude of the sideband components at frequencies (1±2sfs as indices for broken bars recognition is subsequently studied in the controlled motor via open-loop constant voltage/frequency control method. The proposed techniques are composed of five modules of anti-aliasing signal acquisition, optimal-slip-estimation based on torque-speed characteristic curve of squirrel cage motor with different load types, fault characteristic frequency determination, nonparametric spectrum estimation, and fault identification for achieving MCSA efficiently. Experimental and simulation results obtained on 3 kW three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors show that the model and the proposed techniques are effective and accurate.
Kouchaki, Alireza; Niroumand, Farideh Javidi; Haase, Frerk; Nymand, Morten
This paper presents an analytical method for designing the inductor of three-phase power factor correction converters (PFCs). The complex behavior of the inductor current complicates the inductor design procedure as well as the core loss and copper loss calculations. Therefore, this paper analyze...
Microcontroller based PWM Inverter for Speed Control of a Three Phase Induction Motor
M. A. Latif; M.J. Alam; Rashid, M. A.; Karim, A.; N. H. Ramly; I. Daut
2013-01-01
Three phase induction motor has proven to be an extremely reliable electromechanical energy conversion device for over 100 years. The speed control of induction motor is a crying need for the real world industrial applications. However, there are so many options available for the precise speed control of induction motor except by changingthe frequency. Therefore to achieve the goal of speed control of induction motor, there is no alternative of inverters. With the availability of high speed p...
PWM Technique of Five-Leg Inverter Applying Two-Arm Modulation
Oka, Kazuo; Matsuse, Kouki
This paper presents the simple pulse width modulation (PWM) technique of a five-leg inverter to drive two three-phase AC motors independently. Normal PWM techniques in three-phase voltage source inverter cannot be used for the five-leg inverter with the independent drive. In this paper, two kinds of simple and novel PWM techniques of the five-leg inverter with two three-phase AC motors are introduced. Experimental results are provided to illustrate the validity of the proposed PWM technique.
Spread spectrum in three-phase inverter by an optimised dual randomised PWM technique
Boudjerda, Nasserdine; Boudouda, Aimad; Melit, Mohammed; Nekhoul, Bachir; El Khamlichi Drissi, Khalil; Kerroum, Kamal
2014-03-01
Randomised pulse width modulation (RPWM) technique has become a viable alternative to deterministic pulse width modulation (DPWM). By spreading the power spectrum in a continuous noise, this new technique better complies with electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements for conducted electromagnetic interferences (EMI) and allows reducing the emitted acoustic noise in variable speed drives (VSDs). The most popular RPWM schemes are randomised pulse position modulation (RPPM) and randomised carrier frequency modulation (RCFM). The combination (RCFM-RPPM) or dual RPWM (DRPWM) has also been proposed. In this article, we propose an optimised DRPWM (ODRPWM) for the three-phase inverter. First, the modulating principle is proposed, and then, a mathematical model of power spectral density (PSD) of the output voltage is developed and validated for the three schemes, namely RPPM, RCFM and RCFM-RPPM. PSD analysis shows that the proposed scheme is more effective on spreading PSD. Moreover, this analysis reveals optimal parameters of randomisation for a maximum spread of the PSD. The optimisation problem is then modelled and solved using two powerful non-linear methods.
This paper is concerned with the design and implementation of current control of three-phase PWM rectifier based on predictive control strategy. The proposed predictive current control technique operates with constant switching frequency, using space-vector modulation (SVM). The main goal of the designed current control scheme is to maintain the dc-bus voltage at the required level and to achieve the unity power factor (UPF) operation of the converter. For this purpose, two predictive current control algorithms, in the sense of deadbeat control, are developed for direct controlling input current vector of the converter in the stationary α-β and rotating d-q reference frame, respectively. For both predictive current control algorithms, at the beginning of each switching period, the required rectifier average voltage vector allowing the cancellation of both tracking errors of current vector components at the end of the switching period, is computed and applied during a predefined switching period by means of SVM. The main advantages of the proposed predictive current control are that no need to use hysteresis comparators or PI controllers in current control loops, and constant switching frequency. Finally, the developed predictive current control algorithms were tested both in simulations and experimentally, and illustrative results are presented here. Results have proven excellent performance in steady and transient states, and verify the validity of the proposed predictive current control which is compared to other control strategies.
In this paper a new control strategy for voltage-source converters (VSC) is introduced. The proposed strategy consists of a nonlinear feedback controller based on feedback linearization plus a feedforward compensation of the estimated load current. In our proposal an energy function and the direct-axis current are considered as outputs, in order to avoid the internal dynamics. In this way, a full linearization is obtained via nonlinear transformation and feedback. An estimate of the load current is feedforwarded to improve the performance of the whole system and to diminish the capacitor size. This estimation allows to obtain a more rugged and cheaper implementation. The estimate is calculated by using a nonlinear reduced-order observer. The proposal is validated through different tests. These tests include performance in presence of switching frequency, measurement filters delays, parameters uncertainties and disturbances in the input voltage.
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk
2005-01-01
Roč. 152, č. 3 (2005), s. 494-500. ISSN 1350-2352 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA102/02/0554 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : DC-link voltage * unbalanced three - phase voltage Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering Impact factor: 0.587, year: 2005
Padmanaban, Sanjeevikumar; Grandi, Gabriele; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2015-01-01
This paper considered a six-phase (asymmetrical) induction motor, kept 30 phase displacement between two set of three-phase open-end stator windings configuration. The drive system consists of four classical three-phase voltage inverters (VSIs) and all four dc sources are deliberately kept isolated....... Therefore, zero-sequence/homopolar current components cannot flow. The original and effective power sharing algorithm is proposed in this paper with three variables (degree of freedom) based on synchronous field oriented control (FOC). A standard three-level space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) by...... nearest three vectors (NTVs) approach is adopted to regulate each couple of VSIs. The proposed power sharing algorithm is verified by complete numerical simulation modeling (Matlab/ Simulink-PLECS software) of whole ac drive system by observing the dynamic behaviors in different designed condition. Set of...
Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban
2015-09-01
Full Text Available This paper considered a six-phase (asymmetrical induction motor, kept 30° phase displacement between two set of three-phase open-end stator windings configuration. The drive system consists of four classical three-phase voltage inverters (VSIs and all four dc sources are deliberately kept isolated. Therefore, zero-sequence/homopolar current components cannot flow. The original and effective power sharing algorithm is proposed in this paper with three variables (degree of freedom based on synchronous field oriented control (FOC. A standard three-level space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM by nearest three vectors (NTVs approach is adopted to regulate each couple of VSIs. The proposed power sharing algorithm is verified by complete numerical simulation modeling (Matlab/Simulink-PLECS software of whole ac drive system by observing the dynamic behaviors in different designed condition. Set of results are provided in this paper, which confirms a good agreement with theoretical development.
The core losses and the lower-order voltage harmonics of four different chorded motors fed from sinusoidal supply and inverter voltage supply were invigilated at no-load condition. All the four motors were tested with 4, 8 and 16 kHz switching frequencies and 30, 40, 50 and 60 Hz modulation frequencies The motor with 120 deg. coil pitch has the least core losses and the lower-order voltage harmonics under sinusoidal and pulse width modulation (PWM) voltage supplies at all switching and modulation frequencies. The drop in the core losses for this motor was 46% and 53% under sinusoidal and PWM voltage supplies, respectively. The motor with 120 deg. coil pitch is recommended to be used under sinusoidal and PWM voltage supplies
Deshmukh, Ram; Moses, A. J.; Anayi, F.
The core losses and the lower-order voltage harmonics of four different chorded motors fed from sinusoidal supply and inverter voltage supply were invigilated at no-load condition. All the four motors were tested with 4, 8 and 16 kHz switching frequencies and 30, 40, 50 and 60 Hz modulation frequencies The motor with 120° coil pitch has the least core losses and the lower-order voltage harmonics under sinusoidal and pulse width modulation (PWM) voltage supplies at all switching and modulation frequencies. The drop in the core losses for this motor was 46% and 53% under sinusoidal and PWM voltage supplies, respectively. The motor with 120° coil pitch is recommended to be used under sinusoidal and PWM voltage supplies.
Klíma, J.; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor
Prague : Czech Technical University, 2007, s. 80-86. ISBN 978-80-01-03807-9. [International Symposium on Electric Machinery /15./. Prague (CZ), 05.09.2007-06.09.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : PWM rectifier * space-vector modulation * unbalance supply Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Klíma, J.; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor
Sichuan : Sichuan University, 2008, s. 1-4. ISBN 978-1-4244-1706-3. [IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT 2008). Chengdu (CN), 21.04.2008-24.04.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA200760703 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : four-switch PWM rectifier * space vector modulation * unbalance supply Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Inagaki, K. (Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)); Okuma, S. (Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan))
1992-06-20
The main circuit configuration and control method were proposed of the high-frequency link DC/AC converter using a three-phase output cycloconverter for UPSs (uninterruptible power supply). The control function approach of the previously proposed PWM controlled cycloconverter was applied to control of the proposed cycloconverter which converts single-phase high-frequency power into three-phase commercial frequency one. The proposed converter could not only charge DC power supplies from a power system but also compensate enough instantaneous reactive power for loads. The circuit configuration was, in particular, effective for such DC power supplies as fuel cell and solar cell which are possible to generate electric power and necessary to be insulated electrically against a power system. The isolated operation and cooperative one of the proposed DC/AC converter were verified by simulation and experiments. 4 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.
Three-phase Resonant DC-link Converter
Munk-Nielsen, Stig
1997-01-01
The purpose of the project is to develop a three-phase resonant converter suitable for standard speed drives. The motivation for working with resonant converters is found in the problem of the standard converter type used today. In standard converter type Pulse Width Modulated-Voltage Source Inverter, PWM-VSI, the switches are subject to high current and voltage stress during switching, which causes losses. The fast switching of modern switches reduces switching losses. Unfortunately this pro...
This paper proposes direct power control (DPC) for three-phase PWM rectifiers using a new switching table, without line voltage sensors. The instantaneous active and reactive powers, directly controlled by selecting the optimum state of the converter, are used as the PWM control variables instead of the phase line currents being used. The main goal of the control system is to maintain the dc-bus voltage at the required level, while input currents drawn from the power supply should be sinusoidal and in phase with respective phase voltages to satisfy the unity power factor (UPF) operation. Conventional PI and a designed fuzzy logic-based controller, in the dc-bus voltage control loop, have been used to provide active power command. A dSPACE based experimental system was developed to verify the validity of the proposed DPC. The steady-state, and dynamic results illustrating the operation and performance of the proposed control scheme are presented. As a result, it was confirmed that the novel DPC is much better than the classical one. Line currents very close to sinusoidal waveforms (THD < 2%) and good regulation of dc-bus voltage are achieved using PI or fuzzy controller. Moreover, fuzzy logic controller gives excellent performance in transient state, a good rejection of impact load disturbance, and a good robustness
Robust Variable Structure Control for Three-phase PWM Converter%三相PWM变换器的鲁棒变结构控制
郭鑫; 任海鹏
2015-01-01
分析了三相脉冲宽度调制(Pulse width modulation, PWM)功率因数校正(Power factor correction, PFC)变换器的工作原理和数学模型。针对现有控制方法在参数不确定及参数变化时性能变差的问题,提出采用鲁棒变结构控制减小系统参数不确定性的影响,同时采用渐缩滑动边界的方法减小了控制量的颤振。仿真及实验结果表明,与传统PI 控制和反馈线性化方法相比,本文方法不仅在标称参数时具有较好的动静态性能,而且在系统参数发生变化时,具有更强的鲁棒性。%In this paper, we analyze the working principle and mathematical model of the three-phase pulse width modulation (PWM) power factor correction (PFC) converter. The performance of conventional control methods will degrade due to parameter uncertainties and parameter variations. To deal with this problem, a robust variable structure control is proposed to alleviate the performance degradation caused by parameter uncertainty;meanwhile, the time-varying boundary layer is employed to decrease the chattering of the control force. Simulation and experimental results show that, compared to traditional PI control and feedback linearization control method, the proposed method not only has nice transient and steady state performances under nominal parameters, but also has better robustness against parameter perturbations.
Design of Three-phase High Power Factor PWM Rectifier%三相高功率因数PWM整流器的设计
孟大鹏; 李国锋; 王志强
2012-01-01
The technique of three-phase power factor correction is widely used in PWM rectifier. Predictive current control strategy applied in three-phase power factor correction technical fields is one of effective control strategies to realize unity power factor, which has solved the phase correction problem of voltage and current in the net-side effectively. The complex power loop is replaced by the simple voltage loop and current loop to simplify the algorithm and save the space of digital signal processor. The voltage loop using PI regnlation could keep the output voltage constant, while the current loop using phase tracking technique could make the rectifier gain higher power factor. Soft-start devices were added behind the inductors to make DC voltage up to steady- state voltage smoothly at the moment of the rectifier device turned on.%目前三相功率因数校正技术广泛应用于PWM整流环节，而预测电流控制则是实现单位功率因数的一种有效控制策略。这种控制方式有效地解决了网侧电压电流相位校正的问题，以简单的电压环和电流环替代原有的复杂的功率环，既简化了算法程序，又节省了数字信号处理器的资源。电压环采用PI调节器，可以稳定调节直流输出电压，电流环采用相位跟踪技术，可以使整流器获得较高的功率因数。此PWM整流器在网侧添加双向可控硅控制的软启动装置，使直流侧输出电压在装置上电瞬间平稳上升至稳态电压。
Fuzzy Logic Controlled Solar Module for Driving Three- Phase Induction Motor
Afiqah Zainal, Nurul; Sooi Tat, Chan; Ajisman
2016-02-01
Renewable energy produced by solar module gives advantages for generated three- phase induction motor in remote area. But, solar module's ou tput is uncertain and complex. Fuzzy logic controller is one of controllers that can handle non-linear system and maximum power of solar module. Fuzzy logic controller used for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique to control Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) for switching power electronics circuit. DC-DC boost converter used to boost up photovoltaic voltage to desired output and supply voltage source inverter which controlled by three-phase PWM generated by microcontroller. IGBT switched Voltage source inverter (VSI) produced alternating current (AC) voltage from direct current (DC) source to control speed of three-phase induction motor from boost converter output. Results showed that, the output power of solar module is optimized and controlled by using fuzzy logic controller. Besides that, the three-phase induction motor can be drive and control using VSI switching by the PWM signal generated by the fuzzy logic controller. This concluded that the non-linear system can be controlled and used in driving three-phase induction motor.
Synchronized Scheme of Continuous Space-Vector PWM with the Real-Time Control Algorithms
Oleschuk, V.; Blaabjerg, Frede
2004-01-01
This paper describes in details the basic peculiarities of a new method of feedforward synchronous pulsewidth modulation (PWM) of three-phase voltage source inverters for adjustable speed ac drives. It is applied to a continuous scheme of voltage space vector modulation. The method is based...... on a representation of the pulse patterns as a function of the fundamental and switching frequencies of the drive system. Accurate trigonometric algorithms of vector PWM have been analysed, and also compared with the algebraic ones based on linear approximation of the durations of active switching states from...
Feedforward Synchronised PWM for Adjustable Speed AC Drives with Different Control Modes
Oleschuk, Valentin; Blaabjerg, Frede; Jensen, Flemming Buus
2002-01-01
This paper presents a novel method of direct synchronised pulswidth modulation (PWM) for three-phase voltage source inverters, feeding induction motors with different control regimes. It is based on the universal algorithm with either simplified algebraic or accurate trigonometric control functions......, with vector approached for determination of the pulse patterns, with vector approach for determination of the pulse patterns. Different control modes of the drive system with synchronised PWM, including standard scalar V/F control, and also V2/F = constant and V/F2 = constant control regimes, have been...... analysed in the paper. Simulations give the behaviour of the PWM techniques proposed. Both continuous and discontinuous schemes of synchronised PWM, applied for the corresponding control regime, have been analysed and compared....
Morimoto, Keiki; Doi, Toshimitsu; Manabe, Haruhiko; Ahmed, Tarek; Hiraki, Eiji; Lee, Hyun-Woo; Nakaoka, Mutsuo
This paper presents a new circuit topology of full-bridge soft-switching PWM inverter linked DC-DC power converter composed of conventional full-bridge high frequency PWM inverter with high frequency transformer and an active quasi-resonant snubber consisting of an additional power switching device in series with DC busline and a lossless capacitor in parallel with DC busline. Under this proposed high frequency soft-switching PWM inverter linked DC-DC converter, four power switches in the full-bridge arms and DC busline series switch can achieve ZVS at turn-off commutation. By developing the advanced soft-switching PWM high frequency inverter type DC-DC converter, although the conduction power loss of DC busline series power switch increases a little, the total turn-off switching loss of full-bridge high frequency inverter power modules can be sufficiently lowered more and more in the higher frequency range of 60kHz. As a result, when the switching frequency of high frequency inverter power stage using IGBT power modules is designed so as to be more than about 10kHz, the more the switching frequency of inverter increases, the more this high frequency soft-switching DC-DC converter has remarkable advantage as for the power conversion efficiency as compared with the conventional hard-switching PWM inverter DC-DC converter. Its practical effectiveness of high power density and high performance is actually proved for TIG arc welding equipment in industry.
屈克庆; 陈国呈; 孙承波
2005-01-01
A novel software implementation for current polarity detection and current compensation is presented. For a three-phase zero-voltage soft-switching (ZVS) PWM converter based on phase and amplitude control (PAC), when saw-tooth carriers with alternate positive and negative slopes are adopted, the positive or negative slopes are chosen according to the phase current polarity. Since polarity reversal causes current distortion, current at the instant of reversal should be compensated for. Based on the characteristic of unity power factor converter in rectification and regeneration modes, a software implementation for current polarity detection is proposed.Distortion of current zero-crossing caused by using saw-tooth carriers with alternate positive and negative slopes is analyzed, and the relevant compensation method is proposed. Experimental study with a 1.5 kW device shows that phase current has a small harmonic content and power factor is high both in rectification and regeneration modes.
吴翔; 谭国俊; 叶宗彬; 李洪刚
2016-01-01
This paper proposed a programmed pulse width modulation strategy for two-level voltage source inverters based on the on-line programming of the special solutions of the volt-second balance equations with multi-objective satisfactory optimization (MSO-PWM). The global optimum special solutions for the targets that linear modulation range extension, current ripple losses minimization and switching losses minimization were respectively obtained by solving the established mathematic programming model. Meanwhile, the contradiction between different targets was analyzed in nature. The satisfactory optimization with the process of relaxing the satisfying degree of single object was introduced to avoid the insoluble phenomenon caused by the contradiction, thus realizing the three-objective satisfactory optimization. Compared to the existing local optimization pulse width modulation strategies, the MSO-PWM can adjust the importance of single objective flexibly by selecting an appropriate switching loss coefficient limitation according to the preference of the decision maker to satisfy the demand of different fields, which make it universal and flexible. In addition, MSO-PWM can give consideration to other targets when focus on the most important target, thus, it can achieve multi-objective satisfactory optimization. Experimental results show that the proposed strategy is effective and flexible.%提出了一种基于伏秒平衡方程组特解在线规划的新型多目标满意脉宽调制策略(multi-objective satisfactory optimization PWM，MSO-PWM)。首先，针对单个载波周期内线性调制范围扩展、输出电流纹波损耗与开关损耗3个优化目标分别建立了时域数学规划模型，并求解各自的全局最优解，实现了单个目标的全局最优化。通过对3个目标的全局最优解的分析，揭示了不同优化目标之间矛盾的本质原因，通过引入满意优化的思想，以多目标满意取代单目标最优，并
Mechouma Rabiaa
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In recent years, power demand of industrial applications has increased significantly reaching some megawatts. The use of multilevel converters for applications of medium and high powers is proposed as a solution to drawback semiconductor technology. A multilevel converter not only achieves high power ratings, but also enables the use of renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic can be easily interfaced to a multilevel converter system for a high power application. This paper presents the simulation study in Matlab/Simulink of a grid connected photovoltaic three phase Neutral Point Clamped (NPC inverter with DC/DC boost converter for constant and variable solar radiation.
THREE-PHASE ACTIVE POWER FILTER CONTROLLER FOR BALANCED AND UNBALANCED NON-LINEAR LOAD
G.NAGESWARA RAO
2010-09-01
Full Text Available The active power filter produces equal but opposite harmonic currents to the point of connection with the nonlinear load. This results in a reduction of the original distortion and correction of the power factor. A threephase insulated gate bipolar transistor based current controlled voltage source inverter with a dc bus capacitor is used as an active filter. The firing pulses to the shunt active filter will be generated by using sine PWM method. The models for three-phase active power filter controller for balanced and unbalanced non-linear load is made and is simulated using Matlab/simulink software.
Paul, R. N.; Arya, L. D.; Verma, H. K.
2012-09-01
In three-phase squirrel-cage ac traction motor, temperature-rise calculation during variable-voltage and variable-frequency starting is of vital importance and has to be predicted and critically examined. Under voltage source inverter supply with PWM, the generation of harmonics by inverter supply reduces the output during starting due to higher harmonic losses, thereby reducing the starting tractive effort in kN on locomotive wheel. Stator and rotor temperature-rises during starting have been determined for average acceleration torque in segmental zone (calculated from variable acceleration) which have been presented in the paper with both copper and aluminium alloy rotor bars.
A Review of Passive Filters for Grid-Connected Voltage Source Converters
Beres, Remus Narcis; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2014-01-01
LCL filter is the common interface between the Pulse Width Modulated Voltage Source Converter (PWM VSC) and the utility grid due to high harmonic attenuation capability and reduced size of the passive elements. The present paper investigates the most promising passive damping methods for the LCL ...
Gabriele Grandi
2016-05-01
Full Text Available This paper gives the complete analysis of the output current ripple in three-phase voltage source inverters considering the different discontinuous pulse-width modulation (DPWM strategies. In particular, peak-to-peak current ripple amplitude is analytically evaluated over the fundamental period and compared among the most used DPWMs, including positive and negative clamped (DPWM+ and DPWM−, and the four possible combinations between them, usually named as DPWM0, DPWM1, DPWM2, and DPWM3. The maximum and the average values of peak-to-peak current ripple are estimated, and a simple method to correlate the ripple envelope with the ripple rms is proposed and verified. Furthermore, all the results obtained by DPWMs are compared to the centered pulse-width modulation (CPWM, equivalent to the space vector modulation to identify the optimal pulse-width modulation (PWM strategy as a function of the modulation index, taking into account the different average switching frequency. In this way, the PWM technique providing for the minimum output current ripple is identified over the whole modulation range. The analytical developments and the main results are experimentally verified by current ripple measurements with a three-phase PWM inverter prototype supplying an induction motor load.
屈克庆; 陈国呈; 孙承波
2004-01-01
This paper presents a novel current feedforward control strategy for a three-phase pulse-width modulation (PWM) DC voltage-type converter based on phase and amplitude control (PAC).With right-angle triangle relation of phasors and principle of conservation of energy, a phasor adjustment method and the relevant low-frequency mathematical model of the system are analyzed in detail, both in rectification and regeneration modes for the converter, are discussed.For improving the traditional PAC dynamic performance, variable load current is detected indirectly by the change of the DC voltage, which is fed to the control system as an additional control variable to generate modulation index and phase angle.Also, the algorithm is derived and the system principle is introduced.Experimental results from a 3 kw laboratory device are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.
Comparative Study of Multicarrier PWM Techniques for a Modular Multilevel Inverter
Rajan, M S; R. Seyezhai
2014-01-01
This paper presents the simulation of three phase five-level modular multilevel cascade inverter based on double-star chopper-cell (DSCC). The multicarrier PWM techniques such as Phase disposition PWM (PDPWM), Phase opposition disposition PWM (PODPWM), Alternate phase opposition disposition PWM (APODPWM), and Phase shift PWM (PSPWM) is employed and a comparative study is done based on the spectral quality of the load voltage and load current waveforms. Simulation has been carried out for vari...
Three-phase Resonant DC-link Converter
Munk-Nielsen, Stig
The purpose of the project is to develop a three-phase resonant converter suitable for standard speed drives. The motivation for working with resonant converters is found in the problem of the standard converter type used today. In standard converter type Pulse Width Modulated-Voltage Source...... frequency three phase parallel resonant converter is realized....
Space Vector Based Hybrid PWM Techniques for Reduced Current Ripple
Narayanan, G.; Zhao, Di; Krishnamurthy, Harish K; Ayyanar, Rajapandian; Ranganathan, VT
2008-01-01
This paper investigates certain novel switching sequences involving division of active vector time for space vectorbased pulsewidth modulation (PWM) generation for a voltage source inverter. This paper proposes two new sequences, and identifies all possible sequences, which result in the same average switching frequency as conventional space vector PWM (CSVPWM) at a given sampling frequency. This paper brings out amethod for designing hybrid PWMtechniques involving multiple sequences to reduc...
Analytical Method to Calculate the DC Link Current Stress in Voltage Source Converters
Gohil, Ghanshyamsinh Vijaysinh; Bede, Lorand; Teodorescu, Remus; Kerekes, Tamas; Blaabjerg, Frede
2014-01-01
The dc-link capacitor is one of the critical components, which influences the lifetime of the whole voltage source converter unit. For reliable design, the operating temperature of the dc-link capacitor should be known, which is primarily determined by the ambient temperature and the rms value of......, especially for the applications with high line current ripple. The effect of the pulsewidth modulation (PWM) scheme on the rms value of the dc-link current is also studied and the analysis for continuous PWM and discontinuous PWM (DPWM) schemes is presented. The proposed analytical method is also verified...... the current flowing through the dc-link capacitor. A simple analytical method to calculate the rms value of the dc-link capacitor current is presented in this paper. The effect of the line current ripple on the rms value of the dc-link capacitor current is considered. This yields accurate results...
Kumar, Binoj AC; Narayanan, G.
2010-01-01
Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) fed induction motors are widely used in variable speed applications. For inverters using fixed switching frequency PWM, the output harmonic spectra are located at a few discrete frequencies. The ac motordrives powered by these inverters cause acoustic noise. This paper proposes a new variable switching frequency pwm technique and compares its performance with constant switching frequency pwm technique. It is shown that the proposed tech...
唐雄民; 朱燕飞
2011-01-01
A predictive direct power control strategy for three-phase pulse width modulation rectifier was presented. Based on instantaneous active and reactive power theory, the rectifier s active and reactive power variations were predicted in the next sampling period and control vector of rectifier was directly calculated. With control vector of rectifier,space vector modulation was used to generate the required switch pulse of con verter in a constant switching frequency. The impact of sampling delay and online calculation delay on the accu racy of active and reactive power was analyzed,and the compensation method was achieved. Simulation results validate the control strategy and compensation method.%提出了一种基于功率预测模型的三相PWM整流器控制策略.控制策略利用瞬时功率理论预测下一个固定周期内电路的有功和无功变化,直接求取整流器交流侧的电压矢量,并采用空间矢量调制方法来保证整流器工作频率的恒定.还对由于采样、实时计算等原因引起的延时对电路有功和无功的影响进行探讨,并给出了补偿方法.仿真结果验证了控制策略和补偿方法的有效性.
Modeling & Simulation of Fuel cell (Choi Model) based 3-Phase Voltage Source Inverter
Gaurav Sachdeva
2011-01-01
In the present work, performance of three phase voltage source inverter, while feeding different power factor loads, has been investigated. Fuel cells models namely Choi model are used in input side as a DC source while dynamic load have been used at the output side. Dynamic load used is induction motor (IM). Performance of IM has been investigated under various loading conditions. ANN based control strategy has been proposed to find the conduction angle of a Three Phase VSI and verified for ...
Kwon, Jun Bum; WANG, XIONGFEI; Bak, Claus Leth; Blaabjerg, Frede
2015-01-01
As the increasing of power electronics based systems, not only the component-based analysis but also a systematic interaction analysis with each other systems are being important. Especially studies about the stability and the harmonics interaction are critical in order to establish the required performance in a power network. However, the traditional small-signal modeling approaches are not enough to represent the complexity of the interaction due to the time varying components of such syste...
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk
Rio de Janeiro : IEEE Service Center, 2003, s. -. ISBN 0-7803-7912-8. [IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics - ISIE 2003. Rio de Janeiro (BR), 09.06.2003-11.06.2003] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/02/0554 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2057903 Keywords : unbalanced voltage supply * power factor correction * DC-link current pulsations Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Compensation of Unbalanced Three-Phase Voltage Supply in Voltage Source Inverter
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk
2003-01-01
Roč. 48, č. 2 (2003), s. 113-128. ISSN 0001-7043 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/02/0554 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2057903 Keywords : unbalanced voltage supply * power factor correction * DC-link current pulsations Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Kwon, Jun Bum; Wang, Xiongfei; Bak, Claus Leth;
2015-01-01
As the increasing of power electronics based systems, not only the component-based analysis but also a systematic interaction analysis with each other systems are being important. Especially studies about the stability and the harmonics interaction are critical in order to establish the required...... performance in a power network. However, the traditional small-signal modeling approaches are not enough to represent the complexity of the interaction due to the time varying components of such systems. This paper compares the small-signal modeling methods for harmonic analysis of AC - DC converters and...... discusses their advantages and limitations. The Harmonic State Space (HSS) model based on the Linear Time-Periodically varying (LTP) system and the traditional small signal model based on the Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) system are evaluated. The results show that the HSS model presents superior performance...
Synchronised PWM Schemes for Three-level Inverters with Zero Common-mode Voltage
Oleschuk, Valentin; Blaabjerg, Frede
2002-01-01
This paper presents results of analysis and comparison of novel synchronised schemes of pulsewidth modulation (PWM), applied to three-level voltage source inverters with control algorithms providing elimination of the common-mode voltage. The proposed approach is based on a new strategy of digital...... PWM with synchronous smooth pulses-ratio changing and a quarter-wave symmetry of the voltage waveforms. Three basic versions of both algebraic and trigonometric synchronised PWM have been analysed. Simulations give the behaviour of the proposed methods and show some advantage of synchronised PWM in...
Modulation and control of three-phase PWM multilevel converters
Pou Félix, Josep
2002-01-01
La present tesi doctoral estudia els inversors trifàsics multinivell del tipus denominat de díodes de fixació (diode-clamped converters). Aquests convertidors poden generar tres o més nivells de tensió a cada fase de sortida, i normalment s'apliquen a sistemes de gran potència ja que poden treballar amb tensions majors que els inversors clàssics. L'anàlisi es centra fonamentalment en la topologia de tres nivells, tot i que també es realitzen contribucions per a convertidors de més nivells. El...
Hari, Pavan Kumar VSS; Narayanan, G.
2013-01-01
Space-vector-based pulse width modulation (PWM) for a voltage source inverter (VSI) offers flexibility in terms of different switching sequences. Numerical simulation is helpful to assess the performance of a PWM method before actual implementation. A quick-simulation tool to simulate a variety of space-vector-based PWM strategies for a two-level VSI-fed squirrel cage induction motor drive is presented. The simulator is developed using C and Python programming languages, and has a graphica...
Soft Commutated Three-Phase Dc-Dc Converter
Silpa.P.T; Rajeenamol P.T
2014-01-01
High efficient DC-DC Converters find its application in electric power generation, transmission, distribution and Uninterruptable power supplies (UPS). Three phase converter system as compared with single phase converter system increases power density with reduced switching stresses, efficient usage of the transformer magnetic core and smaller filter design as the frequency of the system is higher. Inorder to make use of the above mentioned advantages a ZVS-PWM three- phase current-fed push-p...
Analys av PWM-mönster i Matlab
Milevski, Mikael
2002-01-01
One of ABB Power Systems´s business areas is HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) technology. HVDC is used for transmissions for both short and long distances. One of Power Systems’s products is called HVDC Light. HVDC Light is a relatively new technology for power transmission, but have before only been used for motor drives applications. The technology is based on VSC (Voltage Source Converter) that uses a technique called PWM (Pulse Width Modulation). There are a lot of PWM patterns that h...
无
2007-01-01
This letter presents a multi-frequency proportional-resonant (MFPR) current controller developed for PWM voltage source converter (VSC) under the unbalanced supply voltage conditions. The delta operator is used in place of the shift operator for the implementation of MFPR by using a low-cost fixed-point DSP. The experimental results with an alternative control strategy validated the feasibility of the proposed MFPR current controller for the PWM VSC during voltage unbalance.
Development of high-voltage PWM power supply for electron beam bombarding furnace
The working principle and operation characteristics of a high-voltage PWM-BUCK DC/DC converter are discussed in this paper, and a practical engineering technical route is proposed to apply the converter to high power accelerating voltage source of electron beam bombarding furnace. Compared with the traditional thyristor phase-shifted high voltage source, the application results show that the suggested power supply has the advantages of lower current harmonic, higher power factor and higher operation efficiency. (authors)
Analysis of Input and Output Ripples of PWM AC Choppers
Pekik Argo Dahono
2008-11-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of input and output ripples of PWM AC choppers. Expressions of input and output current and voltage ripples of single-phase PWM AC choppers are first derived. The derived expressions are then extended to three-phase PWM AC choppers. As input current and output voltage ripples specification alone cannot be used to determine the unique values of inductance and capacitance of the LC filters, an additional criterion based on the minimum reactive power is proposed. Experimental results are included in this paper to show the validity of the proposed analysis method.
Performance analysis of samarium cobalt P.M. synchronous motor fed from PWM inverters
This paper presents an analysis and performance of samarium cobalt permanent magnet (P.M.) synchronous motors fed from two types of voltage source pulse width modulated (PWM) inverters. The analysis and test results on the steady state performance of a P.M. motor fed from PWM inverters are presented. PWM inverters are used in variable voltage variable frequency applications to avoid a double conversion process of ordinary inverters. In drives, they are used for voltage and speed regulation of motors. Use of modulation technique in inverters also allow to eliminate or minimize selected harmonics from the inverter output voltage
Analysis and Minimization of Output Current Ripple of Multiphase Carrier-Based PWM Inverters
Pekik Argo Dahono
2010-01-01
Analysis and minimization of output current ripple of multiphase carrier-based PWM inverters are presented in this paper. Analytical expression of rms value of output current ripple of multiphase PWM inverters as a function of the reference signal is first derived. Based on this expression, it is shown that a pure sinusoidal signal is the optimum reference signal that results in minimum output current ripple. Different to three-phase PWM inverters, injection of harmonics into the sinusoidal r...
High performance direct instantaneous power control of PWM rectifiers
This paper presents a new direct instantaneous power control (DPC) strategy for active rectifiers. In this novel scheme the PWM modulator has been utilized instead of the hysteresis comparators and switching table. The required converter voltage in each sampling period is directly calculated based on the reference and measured values of powers, system parameters, and the measured voltage of the AC source through simple equations which are wisely compensated for variations of the grid voltage during a sampling period. Then, the PWM generator generates the switching pulses for the voltage source converter. It is shown that the proposed DPC-PWM exhibits several features, such as a simple algorithm, constant switching frequency, robust to sampling frequency changes, robust to inductance values mismatch, and particularly it provides low sampling frequency. Extensive simulation and experimental results have proven the excellent performance and verify the validity and effectiveness of the proposed instantaneous power control scheme.
Generalized SVPWM Algorithm for Two Legged Three Phase Multilevel Inverter
Devisree Sasi; Jisha Kuruvilla P; Anish Gopinath
2013-01-01
This paper establishes the inherent fractal structure in the space vector representation of two legged three phase multilevel inverters. The established fractal structure is utilized to propose a generalized algorithm for space vector PWM generation for two legged multilevel inverters. The voltage space vectors of higher level inverters can be generated from the voltage space vectors of equivalent 2-level inverter. The proposed algorithm can be easily extended to n-level inverters without any...
Indirect Vector Control of Three Phase Induction Motor using PSIM
Nagulapati Kiran
2014-01-01
This paper presents the implementation of indirect vector control of three phase Induction Motor using Hysteresis Band PWM current control and Synchronous Current Control in PSIM environment. In any machine drive system, current control directly influences both flux and torque developed directly. In Hysteresis current control method, actual current tracks the command current within a hysteresis band. There is no difficulty in current control tracking when CEMF is low, but at higher speeds, cu...
N. Belhaouchet
2008-03-01
Full Text Available Hysteresis current control is one of the simplest techniques used to control the magnitude and phase angle of motor current for motor drives systems. However, this technique presents several disadvantages such as operation at variable switching frequency which can reveal problems of filtering, interference between the phases in the case of the three-phase systems with insulated neutral connection or delta connection, and irregularity of the modulation pulses which especially causes an acoustic noise on the level of the machine for the high power drive. In this paper, a new technique is proposed for a variable-hysteresis-band controller based on dead beat control applied to three phase voltage source PWM inverters feeding AC motors. Its main aim is firstly ensure a constant switching frequency and secondly the synchronization of modulation pulses using the phase-locked-loop with loop gain compensation in order to ensure a better stability. The behavior of the proposed technique is verified by simulation.
A Study on Power Quality Improvement in PWM Controlled AC Voltage Controller
Ahmet ALTINTAŞ
2009-01-01
A lot of topologies of pulse-width modulated (PWM)-AC controllers for single-phase and three-phase systems are proposed up to date. PWM-AC controllers have important advantages compared with the phase-controlled AC controllers using thyristors and triacs. The PWM-AC controller has sinusoidal current waveforms, smaller THD values, better power factor, faster dynamics, and smaller input/output filter. This article presents a novel control technique for application to PWM-AC controllers with abi...
Qu, Hao; Yang, Xijun; Guo, Yougui;
2014-01-01
Single-phase voltage source converter (VSC) is an important power electronic converter (PEC), including single-phase voltage source inverter (VSI), single-phase voltage source rectifier (VSR), single-phase active power filter (APF) and single-phase grid-connection inverter (GCI). Single-phase VSC...... as well as its modulation algorithms is widely used as the fundamental part of large scale PEC’s, having a long list of applications. In the paper, as first, on the basis of the discontinuous pulse-width modulation (DPWM) of three-phase VSC, a new DPWM of single-phase VSR is presented in virtue of...... zero-sequence component injection, in order to reduce power loss and increased overall efficiency. And then by reconstructing the other two phase input voltages and currents, the transformation from stationary frame (abc) to rotating frame (dq frame) is designed. Finally, a PI regulator based...
A Study on Power Quality Improvement in PWM Controlled AC Voltage Controller
Ahmet ALTINTAŞ
2009-04-01
Full Text Available A lot of topologies of pulse-width modulated (PWM-AC controllers for single-phase and three-phase systems are proposed up to date. PWM-AC controllers have important advantages compared with the phase-controlled AC controllers using thyristors and triacs. The PWM-AC controller has sinusoidal current waveforms, smaller THD values, better power factor, faster dynamics, and smaller input/output filter. This article presents a novel control technique for application to PWM-AC controllers with ability of generating fewer harmonics. In the proposed control method, both the traditional AC voltage controllers and the PWM-AC controllers are combined; and smaller THD values are obtained. Thus, the harmonic pollution in the power system will be reduced; and consequently, the power quality will be increased. For this purpose, computer simulations are performed in order to investigate the proposed controller performance. The obtained results are compared with the conventional PWM-AC controller.
Optimal condition of memristance enhancement circuit using external voltage source
Hiroya Tanaka
2014-05-01
Full Text Available Memristor provides nonlinear response in the current-voltage characteristic and the memristance is modulated using an external voltage source. We point out by solving nonlinear equations that an optimal condition of the external voltage source exists for maximizing the memristance in such modulation scheme. We introduce a linear function to describe the nonlinear time response and derive an important design guideline; a constant ratio of the frequency to the amplitude of the external voltage source maximizes the memristance. The analysis completely accounts for the memristance behavior.
V.Arun#1 , B.Shanthi
2013-01-01
This paper presents multicarrier PWM strategies for three phase diode clamped seven level Z-source inverter. Multilevel inverters posses the advantage of reduced harmonics,high power capability and high voltage level. Impedance network in the diode clamped multilevel inverter circuit will perform boost operation. This paper focuses on multicarriersinusoidal pulse width modulation (MCSPWM) strategy for the three phase seven level Z-source diode clamped inverter. Performance parameters of three...
Power Loss Calculation and Thermal Modelling for a Three Phase Inverter Drive System
Zhou, Z.; M. S. Khanniche; P. Igic; S. M. Towers; P. A. Mawby
2005-01-01
Power losses calculation and thermal modelling for a three-phase inverter power system is presented in this paper. Aiming a long real time thermal simulation, an accurate average power losses calculation based on PWM reconstruction technique is proposed. For carrying out the thermal simulation, a compact thermal model for a three-phase inverter power module is built. The thermal interference of adjacent heat sources is analysed using 3D thermal simulation. The proposed model can provide accur...
A low cost rapid prototype platform for a three phase PFC rectifier application
Haase, Frerk; Kouchaki, Alireza; Nymand, Morten
2015-01-01
In this paper the design and development of a low cost rapid prototype platform for a Three Phase PFC rectifier application is presented. The active rectifier consists of a SiC-MOSFET based PWM converter and a low cost rapid prototype platform for simulating and implementing the digital control...
Three-Phase Grid-Connected of Photovoltaic Generator Using Nonlinear Control
Yahya, A.; El Fadil, H.; Guerrero, Josep M.;
2014-01-01
This paper proposes a nonlinear control methodology for three phase grid connected of PV generator. It consists of a PV arrays; a voltage source inverter, a grid filter and an electric grid. The controller objectives are threefold: i) ensuring the Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) in the side o...
Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Guerrero, Josep M.; Savaghebi, Mehdi;
2011-01-01
the VSIs were based on the stationary reference frame. A hierarchical control for the paralleled VSI system was developed based on three levels. The primary control includes the droop method and the virtual impedance loops, in order to share active and reactive power. The secondary control restores...... the frequency and amplitude deviations produced by the primary control. And the tertiary control regulates the power flow between the grid and the microgrid. Also, a synchronization algorithm is presented in order to connect the microgrid to the grid. The evaluation of the hierarchical control is......-grid interactivity, and to manage power flows between the main grid and the VSIs....
A Review of Passive Power Filters for Three-Phase Grid-Connected Voltage-Source Converters
Beres, Remus Narcis; Wang, Xiongfei; Liserre, Marco;
2016-01-01
In order to reduce size and cost, high-order passive filters are generally preferred in power converters to cancel out high frequency harmonics caused by pulse width modulation. However, the filter resonance peaks may require the use of passive dampers to stabilize the interactions between the lo...
Mathe, Laszlo; Lungeanu, Florin; Rasmussen, Peter Omand;
2010-01-01
This paper presents a new fixed carrier frequency random PWM method, where a new type of carrier wave is proposed for modulation. Based on the measurements, it is shown that the spread effect of the discrete components from the motor current spectra is very effective independent of the modulation...
Three-phase Photovoltaic Systems
Kerekes, Tamas; Sera, Dezso; Máthé, Lászlo
2015-01-01
grid through a three-phase power electronic converter are now well on the way to becoming a major player in the power system in many countries. Therefore, this article gives an overview of photovoltaic systems with a focus on three-phase applications, presenting these both from a hardware point of view...
Three phase downhole separator process
Cognata, Louis John
2008-06-24
Three Phase Downhole Separator Process (TPDSP) is a process which results in the separation of all three phases, (1) oil, (2) gas, and (3) water, at the downhole location in the well bore, water disposal injection downhole, and oil and gas production uphole.
Transistorized PWM inverter-induction motor drive system
Peak, S. C.; Plunkett, A. B.
1982-01-01
This paper describes the development of a transistorized PWM inverter-induction motor traction drive system. A vehicle performance analysis was performed to establish the vehicle tractive effort-speed requirements. These requirements were then converted into a set of inverter and motor specifications. The inverter was a transistorized three-phase bridge using General Electric power Darlington transistors. The description of the design and development of this inverter is the principal object of this paper. The high-speed induction motor is a design which is optimized for use with an inverter power source. The primary feedback control is a torque angle control with voltage and torque outer loop controls. A current-controlled PWM technique is used to control the motor voltage. The drive has a constant torque output with PWM operation to base motor speed and a constant horsepower output with square wave operation to maximum speed. The drive system was dynamometer tested and the results are presented.
Power Loss Calculation and Thermal Modelling for a Three Phase Inverter Drive System
Z. Zhou
2005-12-01
Full Text Available Power losses calculation and thermal modelling for a three-phase inverter power system is presented in this paper. Aiming a long real time thermal simulation, an accurate average power losses calculation based on PWM reconstruction technique is proposed. For carrying out the thermal simulation, a compact thermal model for a three-phase inverter power module is built. The thermal interference of adjacent heat sources is analysed using 3D thermal simulation. The proposed model can provide accurate power losses with a large simulation time-step and suitable for a long real time thermal simulation for a three phase inverter drive system for hybrid vehicle applications.
Nongrounded Common-Mode Equivalent Circuit for Brushless DC Motor Driven by PWM Inverter
Maetani, Tatsuo; Isomura, Yoshinori; Watanabe, Akihiko; Iimori, Kenichi; Morimoto, Shigeo
This paper describes nongrounded common-mode equivalent circuit for a motor driven by a voltage-source PWM inverter. When the capacitance of the rotor was small, the phenomenon that polarity of the common mode voltage and shaft voltage reversed was observed. In order to model this phenomenon, the bridge type equivalent circuit is proposed. It is verified with the calculation and experiment that shaft voltage values and polarity are accurately calculated with the proposed equivalent circuit.
Mathematical analysis of PWM processes
Ainslie-Malik, Gregory R.
2013-01-01
Pulse width modulation (PWM) inverters convert a direct current (DC) power supply to an alternating current (AC) supply by means of high frequency switching between two DC sources. Undesirable high-frequency components are generated in the frequency spectra of the voltages and currents of PWM inverters. The high-frequency components are ultimately removed from the input and output waveforms by filters. PWM inverters are used in a wide variety of electrical devices, ranging from microwave oven...
Gheraia, H.; Berkouk, E. M.; Manesse, G.
2001-08-01
In this paper, we study a new kind of continuous-alternating converters: a seven-level neutral point clamping (NPC) voltage source inverter (VSI). We propose this inverter for applications in high voltage and high power fields. In the first part, we develop the knowledge and the control models of this inverter using the connections functions of the semi-conductors. After that, we present two pulse width modulation (PWM) algorithms to control this converter using its control model. We propose these algorithms for digital implementation. This multilevel inverter is associated to the induction machine. The performances obtained are full of promise to use it in the high voltage and high power fields of electrical traction.
Gheraia, H.; Berkouk, E.M. [ENP, Alger (Algeria). Lab. de Commande des Processus; Manesse, G. [CNAM-Paris (France). Lab. d' Electricite Industrielle
2001-08-01
In this paper, we study a new kind of continuous-alternating converters: a seven-level neutral point clamping (NPC) voltage source inverter (VSI). We propose this inverter for applications in high voltage and high power fields. In the first part, we develop the knowledge and the control models of this inverter using the connections functions of the semi-conductors. After that, we present two pulse width modulation (PWM) algorithms to control this converter using its control model. We propose these algorithms for digital implementation. This multilevel inverter is associated to the induction machine. The performances obtained are full of promise to use it in the high voltage and high power fields of electrical traction. (orig.)
Robust Fuzzy-Second Order Sliding Mode based Direct Power Control for Voltage Source Converter
D. Kairous
2015-08-01
Full Text Available This paper focuses on a second order sliding mode based direct power controller (SOSM-DPC of a three-phase grid-connected voltage source converter (VSC. The proposed control scheme combined with fuzzy logic aims at regulating the DC-link voltage of the converter and precisely tracking arbitrary power references, in order to easily control the system’s power factor. Therefore measures are proposed to reduce the chattering effects inherent to sliding-mode control (SMC. Simulations performed under Matlab/Simulink validate the feasibility of the designed Fuzzy-SOSM. Simulation results on a 1kVA grid-connected VSC under normal and faulted grid voltage conditions demonstrate good performance of the proposed control law in terms of robustness, stability and precision.
Syed Sabir Hussain Bukhari
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Numerous industrial applications involve loads that are very sensitive to electrical supply instabilities. These instances involve various types of voltage imbalances as well as more serious disturbances such as symmetrical and asymmetrical faults. This paper proposes a cost-effective voltage imbalance and asymmetrical fault correction solution for the three phase sensitive loads utilizing an industry-standard current regulated voltage source inverter by connecting it in parallel to the grid mains powering to the sensitive load. The inverter regulates the current for the load and never permits it to go beyond a prescribed value under any type of asymmetrical fault condition, which ensures high power regulating and conditioning capacities. Experimental results are obtained from a small laboratory size prototype to validate the operation of the proposed technique.
A battery-based, low-noise voltage source
Wagner, Anke; Sturm, Sven; Schabinger, Birgit; Blaum, Klaus; Quint, Wolfgang
2010-06-01
A highly stable, low-noise voltage source was designed to improve the stability of the electrode bias voltages of a Penning trap. To avoid excess noise and ground loops, the voltage source is completely independent of the public electric network and uses a 12 V car battery to generate output voltages of ±15 and ±5 V. First, the dc supply voltage is converted into ac-voltage and gets amplified. Afterwards, the signal is rectified, filtered, and regulated to the desired output value. Each channel can deliver up to 1.5 A. The current as well as the battery voltage and the output voltages can be read out via a universal serial bus (USB) connection for monitoring purposes. With the presented design, a relative voltage stability of 7×10-7 over 6.5 h and a noise level equal or smaller than 30 nV/√Hz is achieved.
EMI in Induction Motor Drive Fed from IGCT Voltage Source
Bartoš, Stanislav; Jehlička, Vladimír; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor
Cambridge, MA: Electromagnetic s Academy, 2007, s. 93-97. ISBN 978-1-934142-02-8. [Progress In Electromagnetic s Research Symposium 2007. Prague (CZ), 27.08.2007-30.08.2007] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/06/0112 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : electromagnetic interference (EMI) * induction motor drive * IGCT voltage source inverter Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Marcelino, M.A.; Silva, G.B.S.; Grandinetti, F.J. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia; Universidade de Taubate (UNITAU), SP (Brazil)], Emails: abud@feg.unesp.br, gabonini@yahoo.com.br, grandinetti@unitau.br
2009-07-01
This paper presents a technique for speed control three-phase induction motor using the pulse width modulation (PWM), in open loop while maintaining the tension for constant frequency. The technique is adapted from a thesis entitled 'Control of the three-phase induction motor, using discrete PWM generation, optimized and synchronized', where studies are presented aimed at their application in home appliances, to eliminate mechanical parts, replaced by low cost electronic control, thus having a significant reduction in power consumption. Initially the experiment was done with the Intel 80C31 micro controller. In this paper, the PWM modulation is implemented using a PIC micro controller, and the speed control kept a low profile, based on tables, synchronized with transitions and reduced generation of harmonics in the network. Confirmations were made using the same process of building tables, but takes advantage of the program of a RISC device.
Three-phase Photovoltaic Systems
Kerekes, Tamas; Sera, Dezso; Máthé, Lászlo
2015-01-01
Photovoltaic technology has experienced unprecedented growth in the last two decades, transforming from mainly off-grid niche generation to a major renewable energy technology, reaching approximately 180 GW of capacity worldwide at the end of 2014. Large photovoltaic power plants interfacing the...... grid through a three-phase power electronic converter are now well on the way to becoming a major player in the power system in many countries. Therefore, this article gives an overview of photovoltaic systems with a focus on three-phase applications, presenting these both from a hardware point of view......, detailing the different photovoltaic inverter structures and topologies as well as discussing the different control layers within a grid-connected photovoltaic plant. Modulation schemes for various photovoltaic inverter topologies, grid synchronization, current control, active and reactive power control...
Analysis and Minimization of Output Current Ripple of Multiphase Carrier-Based PWM Inverters
Pekik Argo Dahono
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Analysis and minimization of output current ripple of multiphase carrier-based PWM inverters are presented in this paper. Analytical expression of rms value of output current ripple of multiphase PWM inverters as a function of the reference signal is first derived. Based on this expression, it is shown that a pure sinusoidal signal is the optimum reference signal that results in minimum output current ripple. Different to three-phase PWM inverters, injection of harmonics into the sinusoidal reference signal is neither necessary nor useful. The rms values of output current ripple of 5-, 7-, and 9-phase PWM inverters under various reference signals are compared. Experimental results are included to show the validity of the analysis method.
Measurements of power loss distribution in a typical stator core under PWM voltage excitation
The pulse width modulated (PWM) inverter is widely used to feed small induction motors for variable speed and torque control. When a laminated stator core is energised in this way additional iron losses occur due to localised distorted flux. Flux density and power loss distribution under PWM and sinusoidal voltage excitations were measured in a typical induction motor stator core lamination at 1.3 T, 50 Hz by using a computer-aided magnetising system to set up flux distribution as would occur in a practical three-phase stator core. The iron loss increased 15-20% under PWM excitation. The loss increase under PWM excitation in the stator core laminations was 3% lower than in Epstein strips of the same electrical steel under the same conditions showing an effect of the magnetic circuit geometry
The Application of FPGA in PWM Controlled Resonant Converter for an Ozone Generator
Mochammad Facta
2013-07-01
Full Text Available Pulse Width Modulation (PWM is a very common technique used in many different applications. The Conventional method its generation is the heart of the inverter system. This paper present methodology to generate Sinusoidal PWM (SPWM signal for three-phase inverter based on EP20K200EFC484-2x Altera Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA. Designing a PWM inverter drive using FPGA has several advantages, such as: it's quick, very modifiable, and very suitable for prototyping. In this paper, the PWM signal is used control switching action conducted by MOSFET as part of power electronics devices in resonant power converter which has 24 volt DC input voltage. As the result, by using resonant oscillation controlled by FPGA the high sinusoidal voltage until 1.0 kV peak-to peak has been generated in the load side.
Voltage harmonic variation in three-phase induction motors with different coil pitches
A pulse-width modulation (PWM) inverter feeding four different chorded three-phase induction motors was tested for low-order odd harmonic voltage component and efficiency at different loads. Total harmonic distortion (THD) due to 3rd, 5th and 9th harmonics was less in a motor with 160o coil pitch. Particular harmonic order for each coil pitch was suppressed and the efficiency of a 120o coil pitch motor was increased by 7.5%
F. J. De la Hidalga-W
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This work shows that the direct PWM output electric signal, with a duty cycle controlled by light intensity, can beobtained using a circuit containing a saw-tooth voltage generator connected in series with a dc voltage source and ametal (semitransparent gate oxide semiconductor capacitor (MOS-C.The internal PWM signal conversion occurs by the use of non-equilibrium physical processes in the semiconductorsubstrate of the MOS-C. The 10-20 V amplitude limited square PWM output signal is obtained by the amplification ofthe sensor signal with a standard 60 dB transimpedance amplifier. The amplified output signal presents positive andnegative PWM waveforms that can be easily separated using diodes. The duty of the positive part is proportional tothe light intensity, whereas the negative part is inversely proportional to the intensity. The frequency operating rangeof this proposed instrument varies from 1 Hz to a few kilohertz. The duty cycle of the PWM output signal varies from2% to 98% when the incident light intensity varies in the microwatts range. These new transducers or sensors couldbe useful for automatic control, robotic applications, dimmer systems, feedback electronic systems, and non-contactoptical position sensing for nulling and centering measurements.
Shunt active filter algorithms for a three phase system fed to adjustable speed drive
Sujatha.CH; Sravanthi.Kusam; Dr. K.Chandra shek
2011-01-01
This paper presents the simulation of Shunt Active Power filter by using two different control schemes, Indirect current control technique and Synchronous detection technique by using ANN. These two control techniques are working under both balanced and unbalanced three phase voltage source conditions and it is feeding to aadjustable speed drive the torque speed characteristics of a motor is presented. Indirect current control technique is implemented under dynamic load condition and load bal...
New Space Vector Selection Scheme for VSI Supplied Dual Three-Phase Induction Machine
MILICEVIC, D.; KATIC, V.; CORBA, Z.; GRECONICI, M.
2013-01-01
This paper presents a novel space vector selection scheme applicable for the control of dual three-phase induction motor drives supplied from a six-phase voltage source inverter (VSI). The vector selection method is based on the vector space decomposition technique (VSD). Unique vector selection pattern simplifies problems related to complicated implementation of standard VSD in commercially available digital signals processors (DSP). The proposed vector selection scheme is verified throu...
Component-Minimized Buck-Boost Voltage Source Inverters
Gao, F.; Loh, P.C.; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2007-01-01
order to form a distinct neutral potential in the corresponding voltage boost circuitry for correct B4 inverter operation, necessary modifications are derived step by step. The resulted dc networks with symmetrical placement of passive components allow complete charging and equal energy distribution...... between capacitors. Modulation wise, the proposed buck-boost B4 inverters can be controlled using a carefully designed carrier-based pulse-width modulation (PWM) scheme that will always ensure balanced threephase outputs as desired, while simultaneously achieving minimal voltage stress across...
Diode-Assisted Buck-Boost Voltage-Source Inverters
Gao, Feng; Loh, Poh Chiang; Teodorescu, Remus;
2009-01-01
This paper proposes a number of diode-assisted buck-boost voltage-source inverters with a unique X-shaped diode-capacitor network inserted between the inverter circuitry and dc source for producing a voltage gain that is comparatively higher than those of other buck-boost conversion techniques....... Using the diode-assisted network, the proposed inverters can naturally configure themselves to perform capacitive charging in parallel and discharging in series to give a higher voltage multiplication factor without compromising waveform quality. In addition, by adopting different front-end circuitries...
New algorithm to detect voltage disturbances in three phases alternative current systems
Benslimane, T.; Chetate, B. [University of Boumerdes (Algeria)
2006-07-01
In this paper is presented a new algorithm based on logical functions to detect different disturbances in alternative voltage in electrical power networks such as over-voltage, under-voltage, unbalanced voltage, short circuit besides the safe operating condition. This algorithm is based on RMS values of three phases voltages as input values to detection system that is basically based on logical functions. This system is applied on three phase electrical power network of sinusoidal voltage. It can also be applied on PWM voltage that must be filtered to get its fundamental RMS value. Simulation program was developed in Matlab/Simulinksoftware. Simulation results are presented. (orig.)
New Space Vector Selection Scheme for VSI Supplied Dual Three-Phase Induction Machine
MILICEVIC, D.
2013-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a novel space vector selection scheme applicable for the control of dual three-phase induction motor drives supplied from a six-phase voltage source inverter (VSI. The vector selection method is based on the vector space decomposition technique (VSD. Unique vector selection pattern simplifies problems related to complicated implementation of standard VSD in commercially available digital signals processors (DSP. The proposed vector selection scheme is verified through a theoretical analysis, computer simulations and practical experimental results conducted on a dual three-phase test rig prototype with control algorithm implemented in Texas Instrument?s TMS320F2808 DSP.
High-Speed Fuses in IGBT based Voltage Source Converters
Iov, Florin; Blaabjerg, Frede; Rasmussen, Henrik
2005-01-01
The demand for protection of power electronic applications has during the last couple of years increased regarding the high-power IGBT modules. Even with an active protection, a high power IGBT still has a risk of exhibiting a violent rupture in the case of a fault if IGBT fuses do not protect it....... By introducing fuses into voltage source converters a better protection of IGBTs can be achieved. This paper is a complete overview of a research project carried out in cooperation by Aalborg University, Denmark and Cooper Bussmann International. This paper discusses three main issues regarding the...... IGBT fuse protection. First, the problem of adding inductance in the DC-link circuit is treated, second a short discussion of the protection of the IGBT module is done, and finally, the impact of the high frequency loading on the current carrying capability of the fuses is presented....
Four-switch three-phase space-vector PWM AC-DC converter
Klíma, J.; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor
2008-01-01
Roč. 95, č. 4 (2008), s. 383-397. ISSN 0020-7217 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : AC-DC converter * space-vector pulsewidth modulation * rectifier Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering Impact factor: 0.567, year: 2008
C. R. Balamurugan; S. P. NATARAJAN; R. BENSRAJ
2012-01-01
This paper presents the comparison of Unipolar Inverted Sine Carrier Pulse Width Modulation (UISCPWM) techniques for the Cascaded Multi Level Inverter (CMLI). Due to switch combination redundancies, there are certain degrees of freedom to generate the multilevel AC output voltage. This paper presents the use of Control Freedom Degree (CFD) combination. The effectiveness of the pulse width modulation strategies developed using CFD are demonstrated using simulation. The results indicate that th...
Software Phase Lock Loops Applied in Three-Phase PWM Rectifier
Šimek, Petr; Škramlík, Jiří; Valouch, Viktor; Bejvl, Martin
Košice : Technical University of Košice, 2011, s. 227-232. ISBN 978-80-553-0734-3. [International Conference on Electrical Drives and Power Electronics - EDPE 11 /17./. Stará Lesná, The High Tatras (SK), 28.10.2011-30.10.2011] R&D Projects: GA MPO(CZ) FR-TI1/330 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : phase lock loop * unsymmetrical voltage system * harmonics Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
PWM nonlinearity reduction in microstepping unit firmware
Krumnikl, Michal; Olivka, Petr
2012-01-01
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) is a popular method for controlling analogue circuits with digital output of a microcontroller. This paper is focused on practical issues of using PWM in precise positioning systems. PWM is easy to grasp intuitively, but due to the motor characteristics, is not as easy to implement as one would expect. There is a distortion or nonlinear gain between the reference and real output voltage in the PWM system. In this paper, we will present a pure software sol...
Mitigation of Lower Order Harmonics with Filtered Svpwm In Multiphase Voltage Source Inverters
K. Uday Kiran
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Multi-phase machines and drives is a topic of growing relevance in recent years, and it presents many challenging issues that still need further research. This is the case of multi-phase space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM, which shows not only more space vectors than the standard three-phase case, but also new subspaces where the space vectors are mapped. In the digital implementation, multiphase reference voltages are sampled and fed into the digital modulator to produce gating signals at a constant clock rate f. This means a finite pulse-width resolution because the gating state transition can only occur at some specific time instants depending on frequency. This results in a deviation of produced phase voltages from the desired phase voltages, i.e., increasing harmonic distortion especially for a small modulation index signal. In the present paper a filtered space-vector pulse-width modulation (SVPWM considering finite pulse-width resolution is proposed to produce a switching sequence with reduced baseband harmonics for multiphase voltage source inverters (VSI. This is achieved by incorporating a pseudo feedback loop regarding weighted voltage difference between desired and produced phase voltages.
OPTIMAL PWM BASED ON REAL—TIME SOLUTION WITH NEURAL NETWORK
ShenZhongting; YanYangguang
2002-01-01
A novel concept of neural network based control in pulse-width modulation(PWM)voltage source inverters is presented.On the one hand,the optimal switching an-gles are obtained in real time by the neural network based controller；on the other hand,the output voltage is ad-justed to fit the expected value by neural network when input voltage or loads change.The structure of neural network is simple and easy to be realized by DSP hard-ware system.No large memory used for the existing opti-mal PWM schemes is required in the system.Theoreticalanlysis of the proposed so-called sparse neural network is provided,and the stability of the system is proved.Un-der the control of neural network the error of output volt-age descends sharply,and the system outputs ac voltage with high precision.
A novel PWM scheme to eliminate the diode freewheeling In the Inactive phase in BLDC motor
WEI Kun; HU Chang-sheng; ZHANG Zhong-chao
2006-01-01
The brushless DC motor (BLDCM) with trapezoidal electromotive force (back-EMF) waveform is used widely.In principle,when the motor runs in the 120°conduction mode,two of the three phases are active while the other phase is inactive at all times.However,a ripple current occurs in the inactive phase due to the diode freewheeling during the non-commutation period in the traditional pulse width modulation (PWM) methods,which aggravates the torque ripples.A new PWM method is proposed in this paper to eliminate the diode freewheeling during the non-commutation period in the inactive phase.As a result,the torque ripple is suppressed using the proposed method.The simulation and experimental results are demonstrated to verify the validity of the proposed PWM method.
Three-phase power supply, output 60v and 100a, with unit power factor and low RFI level
João Batista Vieira Júnior
2003-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a three-phase rectifier, unit power factor, non-dissipative commutation in DC-DC converter and synchronized control in frequency, working with 89% of global efficiency and low level do RFI. The proposed structure allows the operation with high switching frequency. The output voltage is controlled by PWM with a constant frequency. The operation principle, theoretical analysis from DC converter, relevant equations, current balance control technique and experimental results, are shown in this paper.
Gabriele Grandi; Jelena Loncarski; Milan Srndovic
2016-01-01
This paper gives the complete analysis of the output current ripple in three-phase voltage source inverters considering the different discontinuous pulse-width modulation (DPWM) strategies. In particular, peak-to-peak current ripple amplitude is analytically evaluated over the fundamental period and compared among the most used DPWMs, including positive and negative clamped (DPWM+ and DPWM−), and the four possible combinations between them, usually named as DPWM0, DPWM1, DPWM2, and DPWM3. The...
Resonant Demagnetization PWM Forward Converter
BİLGİN, Bülent
2003-01-01
In this paper, a new approach to demagnetization process of a PWM forward converter (FC) is proposed. According to this approach, the demagnetization winding and diode of a conventional FC are removed, and an external capacitor is added in parallel with the secondary diode. This replacement changes the linear demagnetization process of a conventional FC into a resonant demagnetization process. The theoretical performance results of the proposed resonant demagnetization forward conve...
Studying Three-Phase Supply in School
Singhal, Amit Kumar; Arun, P.
2009-01-01
The power distributions of nearly all major countries have accepted three-phase distribution as a standard. With increasing power requirements of instrumentation today even a small physics laboratory requires a three-phase supply. While physics students are given an introduction to this in passing, no experimental work is done with three-phase…
Three-Phase Power Factor Controller
Nola, F. J.
1982-01-01
Three-Phase Power-Factor Controller develops a control signal for each motor winding. As motor loading decreases, rms value of applied voltage is decreased by feedback-control circuit. Power consumption is therefore lower than in unregulated operation. Controller employs phase detector for each of three phases of delta-connected induction motor. Phase-difference sum is basis for control.
Blaabjerg, Frede; Chiarantoni, Ernesto; Aquila, Antonio Dell; Liserre, Marco; Vergura, Silvano
2004-01-01
Three-phase active rectifiers based on the voltage source converter topology can successfully replace traditional thyristor based rectifiers or diode bridge plus chopper in interfacing dc-systems to the grid. However, if the application in which they are employed has a high safety issue or if there......, to the grid side stiffness and to the parameters of the controller has never been detailed considered. In this paper the experimental results of an LCL-filter-based three-phase active rectifier are analysed with the circuit theory approach. A ?virtual circuit? is synthesized in role of the digital...
Direct Space Vector PWM Strategy for Matrix Converters with Reduced Number of Switching Transitions
Tadano, Yugo; Hamada, Shizunori; Urushibata, Shota; Nomura, Masakatsu; Sato, Yukihiko; Ishida, Muneaki
This paper proposes a novel “Direct Space Vector PWM (Direct SVPWM)” strategy based on the direct AC/AC conversion approach for three-phase to three-phase matrix converters. This method allows the sine input and sine output waveforms as a major premise, and gives top priority to the improvement of the output control performance in motor drive applications, for instance, provides maximum riding comfort for an elevator, etc. Output voltage harmonics, switching losses, and common-mode voltage can be reduced across the entire voltage region. In addition, the switching count can be reduced even further by fully utilizing the output current detection value. Direct space vectors are first defined, and the selection method of space vectors is described. Next, the PWM duty calculation technique is explained. Finally, the validity of the proposed method is proven from the comparison with the conventional virtual indirect method based on the experimental and analysis results.
Three-phase multilevel inverter configuration for open-winding high power application
Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban; Blaabjerg, Frede; Wheeler, Patrick William;
2015-01-01
This paper work exploits a new dual open-winding three-phase multilevel inverter configuration suitable for high power medium-voltage applications. Modular structure comprised of standard three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI) along with one additional bi-directional semiconductor device (MOSFET....../IGBT) per phase and two capacitors with neutral point. Hence, introduces the additional voltage levels in each phase of the VSI. Further, this paper developed a modified single carrier five-level modulation (MSCFM) scheme in such way to overcome the complexity of standard space vector modulations, ready...... for implementation purpose. Proposed dual-inverter configuration generates multilevel outputs with benefit includes reduced THD and dv/dt in comparison to other dual-inverter topologies. Complete model of the multilevel ac drive is developed with simple MSCFM modulation in Matlab/PLECs numerical software...
Kouchaki, Alireza; Nymand, Morten
2015-01-01
This paper studies the inductor design for three-wire and four-wire power factor correction converter (PFC). Designing the efficient inductor for this converter (regardless of connecting the midpoint to the ground) requires a comprehensive knowledge of the inductor current and voltage behavior. T......W PFC experimental setup. The experimental results which are performed for three-wire and four-wire PFC show a good match with the analyses....
Chomát, Miroslav; Schreier, Luděk
Piscataway, NJ : IEEE Service Center, 2003, s. 869-875. ISBN 0-7803-7818-0. [IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference(IEMDC). Madison, Wisconsin (US), 01.06.2003-04.06.2003] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/02/0554 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2057903 Keywords : unbalanced voltage supply * control method for DC link voltage ripple cancellation Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
We have performed comparative studies of Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM) and Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM) techniques utilizing MATLAB tools. During these investigations, we carried out intensive simulations, comprehensively analyzed the obtained results and compared the harmonic density, power factor (PF), and switching losses of SVPWM and SPWM. It has been observed during investigations that if the switching frequency is high then losses due to harmonics are negligible, thus based on obtained results we suggested that the SVPWM technique is a more reliable solution. Because SVPWM utilizes DC bus voltage more efficiently, generates less Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and has higher output quality it provides flexible control of output voltage and output frequency for Variable Speed Drive (VSD)
Electrochemistry at three-phase electrodes
Gulaboski, Rubin
2005-01-01
Three-phase electrodes are seen as a powerful tool for the determination of thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of ion transfer across biomimetic membranes. In this lecture, their application and the phenomena occuring at them are described and discussed.
Selection of Carrier Waveforms for PWM Inverter
陈国呈; 屈克庆; 许春雨; 孙承波
2003-01-01
In this paper the influence of different carrier waveforms upon the output characteristics of PWM inverter is described in detail. When a triangular carrier waveform is used in hard-switching PWM inverters, harmonics exist in the neighborhood of the output frequency of the inverter output voltage and current due to the dead time. The triangular carrier waveform used in soft-switching PWM inverter will cause difficulties in controlling resonance-trigger time, higher loss in the resonant circuit, and less utilization of the DC bus voltage. If a sawtooth carrier is used in hard-switching PWM inverter, there will be severe distortion in the current waveform. When sawtooth carriers with alternate positive and negative slopes are used in soft-switching PWM inverters, the resonancetrigger time is easy to control, and distortion in the output voltage and current caused by the dead time will not appear.
Active control of flying capacitor currents in multilevel voltage-source inverters
Kokeš, Petr; Semerád, Radko
2013-01-01
Roč. 58, č. 4 (2013), s. 393-410. ISSN 0001-7043 Institutional support: RVO:61388998 Keywords : voltage source inverter (VSI) * multilevel inverter * flying capacitor Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Investigation of Harmonic Characteristics in Printer due to Different Types of Voltage Source
C. Risnidar
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper discusses about harmonic characteristics due to different types of voltage sources. Usually, the voltage source is sinusoidal. But in actual condition the load that receives voltage sources through the elements where the output voltage of element as input to the load is not pure sinusoidal, for example voltage source at Power of Common Coupling (PCC between transformer and linear load and nonlinear load. This research has been done with Schhafner Power Quality Analyzer and PM300 Power Quality Analyzer, was focused to all harmonic characteristics as power, voltage, current, power factor (p.f., Harmonic Distortion, and harmonic energy losses cost. The load is printer because the printer is one of electronic device causes harmonics. The voltage sources in this research are sine wave, triangle wave and harmonic order combinations of 3rd, 5th and 9th. Why this research discuses voltage source for Harmonic order 3rd, 5th and 9th and don not combination of 3rd, 5th and 7th, because the combination 3rd, 5th and 9th is more complicated then combination of 3rd, 5th and 7th.
Rasoul Shalchi Alishah
2015-06-01
Full Text Available In recent, several numbers of multilevel inverter structures have been introduced that the numbers of circuit devices have been reduced. This paper introduces a new structure for multilevel inverter which can be used in high-power applications. The proposed topology is based on cascaded connection of basic units. This topology consists of minimum number of circuit components such as IGBT, gate driver circuit and antiparallel diode. For proposed topology, two methods are presented for determination of dc voltage sources values. Multi-carrier PWM method for 25-level proposed topology is used. Verification of the analytical results is done using MATLAB simulation.
Scalar Controlled Boost PWM Rectifier for Micro Wind Energy Systems
J. Chelladurai
2015-05-01
Full Text Available Uses of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSG are increasing in variable speed micro-Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS. In stand-alone or grid-connected Micro-WECS, extraction of maximum power is vital. To extract maximum power output and to obtain a constant DC bus voltage from variable magnitude and variable frequency voltage output of PMSG and generally a two stage scheme namely i conventional diode bridge rectifier and ii DC-DC Boost/Buck/Buck-Boost converters are used. In this study, a single stage Scalar Controlled PWM (SCPWM Boost Rectifier is proposed in order to minimize the current harmonics and to improve the power factor on source side. The modeling and simulation of PMSG based wind generator and SCPWM Boost rectifier was developed in MATLAB. The harmonic content in the input current waveform of the proposed SCPWM rectifier is compared with the conventional three-phase bridge rectifier. The Simulation results show the effectiveness of the PWM Boost rectifier in terms of effective utilization of source, improved efficiency and harmonic mitigation for PMSG based Wind Generator. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed system in reducing the current and voltage THD on source side.
PWM Inverter control and the application thereof within electric vehicles
Geppert, Steven
1982-01-01
An inverter (34) which provides power to an A.C. machine (28) is controlled by a circuit (36) employing PWM control strategy whereby A.C. power is supplied to the machine at a preselectable frequency and preselectable voltage. This is accomplished by the technique of waveform notching in which the shapes of the notches are varied to determine the average energy content of the overall waveform. Through this arrangement, the operational efficiency of the A.C. machine is optimized. The control circuit includes a micro-computer and memory element which receive various parametric inputs and calculate optimized machine control data signals therefrom. The control data is asynchronously loaded into the inverter through an intermediate buffer (38). In its preferred embodiment, the present invention is incorporated within an electric vehicle (10) employing a 144 VDC battery pack (32) and a three-phase induction motor (18).
罗江虎; 马家庆; 高鹏; 赵勇
2012-01-01
本文基于电压型超导电磁储能系统（SuperconductingMagnetEnergyStorage，简称SMES）的基本结构和工作原理，结合脉冲宽度调制（PulseWidthModulation，简称PWM）整流器的应用，建立了三相电压型PWM整流器控制的超导电磁储能系统的数学模型．设计了具有前馈解耦控制的PWM整流器双闭环控制系统，并运用Matlab／Simulink仿真分析软件对基于PWM整流器的超导电磁储能双闭环控制系统进行了仿真研究．仿真结果表明PWM整流器双闭环控制策略应用于SMES电压型SMES功率控制器比直接电流控制等传统的控制策略反应速度更快，向电网注入谐波电流更小，有利于提高了电网的稳定性．%Based on the principle of Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage （SMES） and the usage of the rectifier with control mode of Pulse Width Modulation （PWM）, a kind of mathematical model, in which a SMES is controlled by a three-phase voltage source PWM rectifier, is established and a PWM rectifier double close＆loop control system with the control mode of fee＆forward decoupling is designed. Simulation results using Matlab/Simulink software reveal that such a system has some advantages such as quicker response and higher stability compared with conventional system.
Evaluation of Modulation Schemes for Three-Phase to Three-Phase Matrix Converters
Helle, Lars; Larsen, Kim B.; Joergensen, Allan Holm;
2004-01-01
This paper presents a method for evaluating different modulation schemes employed with three-phase to three-phase matrix converters. The evaluation method addresses three important modulator characteristics: the output waveform quality, the input waveform quality and the switching losses associated...
PWM Rectifier Control Comparison for Aerospace Applications
R. Todd, K. Liu, Y. Lau
2014-01-01
High-voltage DC-bus power quality is examined when the power network is supplied by a PWM rectifier controlled using different DC-bus voltage regulation schemes. Three controllers are compared, a voltage oriented control and two model predictive control schemes, predictive current fixed frequency and predictive direct power control. A set of PWM rectifier simulation models illustrate the performance of the controllers; a switched model, an ideal averaged-value model and an enhanced averaged-v...
Three-phase Brushless DC Motor Control
Fang, Xinwei
2012-01-01
With the increasing demand of using electric power and unpleasant of using brush motor; the usage of Three-phase Brushless Motor has been significantly developed in industry. However, with market-standard motor driver, there are many inconveniences for small institutions or companies in either application developments or education purposes. For instance, the size and the price of driver. Therefore, the object of this thesis was design modular sections (Software program, PCB driver and PCB con...
Methods, systems and apparatus for adjusting duty cycle of pulse width modulated (PWM) waveforms
Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel; Kinoshita, Michael H; Ransom, Ray M; Perisic, Milun
2013-05-21
Embodiments of the present invention relate to methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of a multi-phase machine in a vector controlled motor drive system when the multi-phase machine operates in an overmodulation region. The disclosed embodiments provide a mechanism for adjusting a duty cycle of PWM waveforms so that the correct phase voltage command signals are applied at the angle transitions. This can reduce variations/errors in the phase voltage command signals applied to the multi-phase machine so that phase current may be properly regulated thus reducing current/torque oscillation, which can in turn improve machine efficiency and performance, as well as utilization of the DC voltage source.
Sliding mode Control using 3D-SVM for Three-phase Four-Leg Shunt Active Filter
Bouzidi Mansour
2013-02-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a sliding mode control strategy for a three-phase shunt active power filter. The SAPF consists of four-leg voltage source inverter bridge. The SAPF ensures full compensation for harmonic phase currents, harmonic neutral current, reactive power compensation and unbalanced nonlinear load currents. The modulation task can be carried out with three dimensional space vector modulation, which operate under a constant switching frequency. The simulation results show that the performance of the four-leg SAPF with the proposed control algorithm – compared with PI controller - is found considerably effective and adequate to compensate harmonics, reactive power, neutral current and balance load currents.
A Three-Phase Dual-Input Matrix Converter for Grid Integration of Two AC Type Energy Resources
Liu, Xiong; Wang, Peng; Chiang Loh, Poh;
2013-01-01
-switch voltage source converter replaced by a nine-switch configuration. With the additional three switches, the proposed DIMC can provide six in put terminals, which make it possible to integrate two independent ac sources into a single grid-tied power electronics interface. The proposed converter has input......This paper proposes a novel dual-input matrix converter (DIMC) to integrate two three-phase ac type energy resources to a power grid. The proposed matrix converter is developed based on the traditional indirect matrix converter under reverse power flow operation mode, but with its six...
High performance predictive current control of a three phase VSI: An experimental assessment
Vikas Kumar; Prerna Gaur; A P Mittal
2014-12-01
Delay has a significant role to play in the implementation of the predictive current control scheme as large amount of calculations are involved. Compensating delay in the predictive current controller design can lead to an improved load current total harmonic distortion (THD) and also an increased switching frequency. Minimization of switching frequency while maintaining the lower value of load current THD requires multiple objective optimization which is achieved by optimizing a single objective function, constructed using weighting factors as a linear combination of individual objective function. The effect of weighting factor on the switching frequency minimization and the current tracking error with delay compensation for the two level voltage source inverter (VSI) are investigated in this paper. The outcomes of the predictive current control using an optimized weighting factor which is calculated using branch and bound algorithm with the delay compensation are compared with the PWM based current control scheme. The experimental tests are conducted on a 2.2 kW VSI to verify the simulation observations.
An Impedance-Based Stability Analysis Method for Paralleled Voltage Source Converters
Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2014-01-01
This paper analyses the stability of paralleled voltage source converters in AC distributed power systems. An impedance-based stability analysis method is presented based on the Nyquist criterion for multiloop system. Instead of deriving the impedance ratio as usual, the system stability is asses...
High-frequency, three-phase current controller implementation in an FPGA
Hartmann, M.; Round, S. D.; Kolar, J. W.
2008-07-01
Three phase rectifiers with switching frequencies of 500 kHz or more require high speed current controllers. At such high switching frequencies analog controllers as well as high speed digital signal processing (DSP) systems have limited performance. In this paper, two high speed current controller implementations using two different field-programmable gate arrays (FPGA) - one for switching frequencies up to 1 MHz and one for switching frequencies beyond 1 MHz - are presented to overcome this performance limitation. Starting with the digital system design all the blocks of the signal chain, containing analog-to-digital (A/D) interface, digital controller implementation using HW-multipliers and implementation of a novel high speed, high resolution pulse width modulation (PWM) are discussed and compared. Final measurements verify the performance of the controllers. (author)
A vector modulated three-phase four-quadrant rectifier - Application to a dc motor drive
Jussila, Matti; Salo, Mika; Kaehkoenen, Lauri; Tuusa, Heikki
2004-07-01
This paper introduces a theory for a space vector modulation of a three-phase four-quadrant PWM rectifier (FQR). The presented vector modulation method is simple to realize with a microcontroller and it replaces the conventional modulation methods based on the analog technology. The FQR may be used to supply directly a dc load, e.g. a dc machine. The vector modulated FQR is tested in simulations supplying a 4.5 kW dc motor. The simulations show the benefits of the vector modulated FQR against thyristor converters: the supply currents are sinusoidal and the displacement power factor of the supply can be controlled. Furthermore the load current is smooth. (author)
Three phase full wave dc motor decoder
Studer, P. A. (Inventor)
1977-01-01
A three phase decoder for dc motors is disclosed which employs an extremely simple six transistor circuit to derive six properly phased output signals for fullwave operation of dc motors. Six decoding transistors are coupled at their base-emitter junctions across a resistor network arranged in a delta configuration. Each point of the delta configuration is coupled to one of three position sensors which sense the rotational position of the motor. A second embodiment of the invention is disclosed in which photo-optical isolators are used in place of the decoding transistors.
Three phase superconducting armature: Windings and cryostat
The existence of superconducting wires with reduced losses under AC magnetic fields allows to design AC Machines using superconducting coils for both field and armature windings. A superconduction armature needs new materials and new concepts for the windings and the cryostat: Glass fiber reinforced epoxy structure; Non impregnated superconducting windings; Low losses horizontal cryostat. The paper presents a cryostat designed to receive a three phase superconducting winding as to form, with a superconducting field winding rotor, a 20 kVa synchronous machine. Construction and preliminary test on the cryostat and the windings are reported
Self oscillating PWM modulators, a topological comparison
Poulsen, Søren; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.
2004-01-01
High precision control of the output voltage or current of a switch mode converter with fast response is required for a number of applications. Dependent on the type of application, the desired precision and transient response can be difficult, if not impossible, to achieve with standard PWM...... control caused by limitations in dynamic capabilities which often limits fast tracking of a reference signal, or fast settling during load steps due to too small achievable control loop bandwidth. Achievable open loop bandwidth for standard voltage and current mode PWM modulators is typical in the fs/10...... equal to fs which makes this type of modulators an excellent choice for a wide range of applications. Self oscillating PWM modulators can be made in a number of ways, either as voltage or current mode modulators, and the self oscillating behavior can be achieved either by using hysteresis control or by...
Chandra Babu Paduchuri
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes the instantaneous p-q theory based fuzzy logic controller (FLC for multi converter unified power quality conditioner (MC-UPQC to mitigate power quality issues in two feeders three-phase four-wire distribution systems. The proposed system is extended system of the existing one feeder three-phase four-wire distribution system, which is operated with UPQC. This system is employed with three voltage source converters, which are connected commonly to two feeder distribution systems. The performance of this proposed system used to compensate voltage sag, neutral current mitigation and compensation of voltage and current harmonics under linear and nonlinear load conditions. The neutral current flowing in series transformers is zero in the implementation of the proposed system. The simulation performance analysis is carried out using MATLAB.
B. Santhosh Kumar
2014-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a novel structure for a three- phase four-wire (3P4W distribution system utilizing unified power quality conditioner (UPQC. The 3P4W system is realized from a three-phase three-wire system where the neutral of series transformer used in series part UPQC is considered as the fourth wire for the 3P4W system. A new control strategy to balance the unbalanced load currents is also presented in this paper. The neutral current that may flow toward transformer neutral point is compensated by using a four-leg voltage source inverter topology for shunt part. Thus, the series transformer neutral will be at virtual zero potential during all operating conditions. The simulation results based on MATLAB/Simulink are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed UPQC-based 3P4W distribution system.
Ying Jiang; Jianguo Li; Sanbo Pan; Xi Zhang; Peng Hu; Haiyan Zhang
2013-01-01
In three-phase photovoltaic (PV) system, three-phase filter inductors are important part for the output electrical power quality. The comparison analyses of three-phase discrete filter inductors and two kinds of three-phase integrated filter inductors in three-phase PV inverter are proposed. Firstly, the three-phase PV inverter operation with discrete filter inductors is analyzed, and the design of discrete filter inductors is given; then operation of the three-phase PV inverter with three-ph...
Three-phase partitioning of hydrolyzed levan.
Coimbra, Cynthia Gisele de Oliveira; Lopes, Carlos Edison; Calazans, Glícia Maria Torres
2010-06-01
During the fructose and polymerization to synthesize levan, smaller fructooligosaccharide (FOS) molecules are produced. FOS can also be obtained by levan hydrolysis. Three-phase partitioning (TPP) is a separation technique that has been used for polysaccharide precipitation and gathers t-butanol and ammonium sulphate to exclude the polymer from the aqueous solution. In this work TPP was tested to separate levan and FOS from aqueous solution. The FOS used was obtained from Zymomonas mobilis levan acid hydrolysis and fractionation with ethanol. The yield of low TPP fractions was higher than those obtained from the native levan. The F-90 exhibited a higher yield than other fractions. However, when applying the TPP technique to lightest fraction not precipitated by ethanol at 90% (F>90), the intermediate phase was not possible to be visualize. These results have potential application because they show that by using the levan TPP separation it is possible to separate low-molecular weight sugar. PMID:20163956
The Investigation of Sinusoidal Single Phase Voltage Source Inverter Output Filter
Andrius Platakis
2011-08-01
Full Text Available The results of output filter investigation of single phase sine voltage source inverter (VSI are presented. The operating principle, construction and a most widely used topology of single phase voltage source inverter is discussed. The results obtained using modeling and experimental investigation are presented. The Total Harmonic Distortion of the inverter output voltage and maximal current of the output capacitor were analyzed using Matlab Simulink software. The 1 kW inverter prototype was built for experimental investigation. The inverter switches are realized using IGBT transistors. The toroidal iron powder core with distributed air gap was used as the core of the inductor. The experimental investigation of inductor core losses and maximal current of output filter capacitor were performed.Article in Lithuanian
PWM Switching Strategy for Torque Ripple Minimization in BLDC Motor
Salah, Wael A.; Ishak, Dahaman; Hammadi, Khaleel J.
2011-05-01
This paper describes a new PWM switching strategy to minimize the torque ripples in BLDC motor which is based on sensored rotor position control. The scheme has been implemented using a PIC microcontroller to generate a modified Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) signals for driving power inverter bridge. The modified PWM signals are successfully applied to the next up-coming phase current such that its current rise is slightly delayed during the commutation instant. Experimental results show that the current waveforms of the modified PWM are smoother than that in conventional PWM technique. Hence, the output torque exhibits lower ripple contents.
Cingoski, Vlatko; Yamashita, Hideo
1994-01-01
To optimize the production of high-efficiency induction skull melting furnace, we analyzed magnetic flux density, eddy current and electromagnetic flux density, eddy current and electromagnetic force distributions using 3-D edge- based finite element method excited from a voltage source. Changing the number of copper rods and, therefore the distance between them, we analyzed both the intensity and direction of the electromagnetic forces and the amount of power consumed by the molten alloy and...
Blahník, Vojtĕch; Peroutka, Zdenĕk; Talla, Jakub
2014-03-01
This paper introduces the advanced control of single-phase voltage-source active rectifier. This control provide direct control of trolley-wire current and active damping of low-frequency disturbances at the converter ac side. Our proposed control strategy combines PR controller with feed-forward model and low-frequency harmonic compensator based on resonant controllers. Achieved experimental results show excellent converter behavior, where converter is fed by strongly distorted supply voltage.
A low-power circuit for piezoelectric vibration control by synchronized switching on voltage sources
Shen, Hui; Qiu, Jinhao; Ji, Hongli; Zhu, Kongjun; Balsi, Marco; Giorgio, Ivan; Dell'Isola, Francesco
2010-01-01
In the paper, a vibration damping system powered by harvested energy with implementation of the so-called SSDV (synchronized switch damping on voltage source) technique is designed and investigated. In the semi-passive approach, the piezoelectric element is intermittently switched from open-circuit to specific impedance synchronously with the structural vibration. Due to this switching procedure, a phase difference appears between the strain induced by vibration and the resulting voltage, thu...
Variable speed wind turbine generator system with current controlled voltage source inverter
highlights: → Current controlled voltage source inverter scheme for wind power application. → Low voltage ride through of wind farm. → Variable speed wind turbine driven permanent magnet synchronous generator-operation and control. -- Abstract: The present popular trend of wind power generation is to use variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) driving a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), wound field synchronous generator (WFSG) or permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). Among them, stability analyses of DFIG type of VSWT have already been reported in many literatures. However, transient stability and low voltage ride through (LVRT) characteristics analyses for synchronous generator type of VSWT is not sufficient enough. This paper focuses on detailed LVRT characteristic analysis of variable speed wind turbine driving a PMSG (VSWT-PMSG) with current controlled voltage source inverter (CC-VSI). Modeling and suitable control strategies for overall system are developed to augment the low voltage ride through capability of variable speed wind generator, considering recent wind farm grid code. Both symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults are analyzed as network disturbances in this paper. The permanent fault due to unsuccessful reclosing of circuit breakers is taken into consideration, which is a salient feature of this study. Moreover, the dynamic characteristic is analyzed using real wind speed data measured in Hokkaido Island, Japan. The proposed control scheme is simulated by using the standard power system simulation package PSCAD/EMTDC and results are verified by comparing that of voltage controlled voltage source inverter scheme available in power system literature.
Variable speed wind turbine generator system with current controlled voltage source inverter
Muyeen, S.M., E-mail: muyeen0809@yahoo.co [Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box 2533, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Al-Durra, Ahmed [Dept. of Electrical Engineering, The Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box 2533, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Tamura, J. [Dept. of EEE, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami 090-8507 (Japan)
2011-07-15
highlights: {yields} Current controlled voltage source inverter scheme for wind power application. {yields} Low voltage ride through of wind farm. {yields} Variable speed wind turbine driven permanent magnet synchronous generator-operation and control. -- Abstract: The present popular trend of wind power generation is to use variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) driving a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), wound field synchronous generator (WFSG) or permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). Among them, stability analyses of DFIG type of VSWT have already been reported in many literatures. However, transient stability and low voltage ride through (LVRT) characteristics analyses for synchronous generator type of VSWT is not sufficient enough. This paper focuses on detailed LVRT characteristic analysis of variable speed wind turbine driving a PMSG (VSWT-PMSG) with current controlled voltage source inverter (CC-VSI). Modeling and suitable control strategies for overall system are developed to augment the low voltage ride through capability of variable speed wind generator, considering recent wind farm grid code. Both symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults are analyzed as network disturbances in this paper. The permanent fault due to unsuccessful reclosing of circuit breakers is taken into consideration, which is a salient feature of this study. Moreover, the dynamic characteristic is analyzed using real wind speed data measured in Hokkaido Island, Japan. The proposed control scheme is simulated by using the standard power system simulation package PSCAD/EMTDC and results are verified by comparing that of voltage controlled voltage source inverter scheme available in power system literature.
Discrete/PWM Ballast-Resistor Controller
King, Roger J.
1994-01-01
Circuit offers low switching loss and automatic compensation for failure of ballast resistor. Discrete/PWM ballast-resistor controller improved shunt voltage-regulator circuit designed to supply power from high-resistance source to low-impedance bus. Provides both coarse discrete voltage levels (by switching of ballast resistors) and continuous fine control of voltage via pulse-width modulation.
Current sources are widely used in bio-impedance spectroscopy (BIS) measurement systems to maximize current injection for increased signal to noise while keeping within medical safety specifications. High-performance current sources based on the Howland current pump with optimized impedance converters are able to minimize stray capacitance of the cables and setup. This approach is limited at high frequencies primarily due to the deteriorated output impedance of the constant current source when situated in a real measurement system. For this reason, voltage sources have been suggested, but they require a current sensing resistor, and the SNR reduces at low impedance loads due to the lower current required to maintain constant voltage. In this paper, we compare the performance of a current source-based BIS and a voltage source-based BIS, which use common components. The current source BIS is based on a Howland current pump and generalized impedance converters to maintain a high output impedance of more than 1 MΩ at 2 MHz. The voltage source BIS is based on voltage division between an internal current sensing resistor (Rs) and an external sample. To maintain high SNR, Rs is varied so that the source voltage is divided more or less equally. In order to calibrate the systems, we measured the transfer function of the BIS systems with several known resistor and capacitor loads. From this we may estimate the resistance and capacitance of biological tissues using the least-squares method to minimize error between the measured transimpedance excluding the system transfer function and that from an impedance model. When tested on realistic loads including discrete resistors and capacitors, and saline and agar phantoms, the voltage source-based BIS system had a wider bandwidth of 10 Hz to 2.2 MHz with less than 1% deviation from the expected spectra compared to more than 10% with the current source. The voltage source also showed an SNR of at least 60 dB up to 2.2 MHz in
Stability analysis and design of the improved droop controller on a voltage source inverter
Calabria, Mauro; Schumacher, Walter; Guerrero, Josep M.; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Zhao, Xin
This paper studies the dynamics of a droop-controlled voltage source inverter connected to a stiff grid and addresses the use of the improved droop controller in order to enhance the dynamic behavior of the system. The small-signal stability of the inverter is studied in depth considering...... variations on its droop parameters, providing a general understanding on the functioning of such system. Finally, three methods to tune the dynamic droop gain are introduced and compared, providing analytical, simulation, and experimental results....
NingYi Dai; Chi-Seng Lam; WenChen Zhang
2014-01-01
In order to utilize the energy from the renewable energy sources, power conversion system is necessary, in which the voltage source inverter (VSI) is usually the last stage for injecting power to the grid. It is an economical solution to add the function of power quality conditioning to the grid-connected VSI in the low-voltage distribution system. Two multifunctional VSIs are studied in this paper, that is, inductive-coupling VSI and capacitive-coupling VSI, which are named after the fundame...
Passivity-based design of robust passive damping for LCL-filtered voltage source converters
Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2015-01-01
Passive damping is proven as a robust stabilizing technique for LCL-filtered voltage source converters. However, conventional design methods of passive dampers are based on the passive components only, while the inherent damping effect of time delay in the digital control system is overlooked. In...... this paper, a frequency-domain passivity-based design approach is proposed, where the passive dampers are designed to eliminate the negative real part of the converter output admittance with closed-loop current control, rather than shaping the LCL-filter itself. Thus, the influence of time delay in the...
Zhu, Jiebei; Guerrero, Josep M.; Hung, William; Booth, Campbell D.; Adam, Grain P.
2014-01-01
A generic Inertia Emulation Controller (INEC) scheme for Multi-Terminal Voltage-Source-Converter based HVDC (VSC-MTDC) systems is proposed and presented in this paper. The proposed INEC can be incorporated in any Grid-side Voltage-Source-Converter (GVSC) station, allowing the MTDC terminal to contribute an inertial response to connected AC systems during system disturbances, in a fashion similar to synchronous generators. The DC link capacitors within the MTDC are utilised by the INEC scheme ...
Evolutionary Computing Based Area Integration PWM Technique for Multilevel Inverters
S. Jeevananthan
2007-01-01
The existing multilevel carrier-based pulse width modulation (PWM) strategies have no special provisions to offer quality output, besides lower order harmonics are introduced in the spectrum, especially at low switching frequencies. This paper proposes a novel multilevel PWM strategy to corner the advantages of low frequency switching and reduced total harmonic distortion (THD). The basic idea of the proposed area integration PWM (AIPWM) method is that the area of the required sinusoidal (fun...
Single-phase to three-phase power conversion interface
Wu, Jinn-Chang; Wang, Yung-Shan; Jou, Hurng-Liahng; Lu, Wei-Tso
2016-07-01
This study proposes a single-phase to three-phase power conversion interface which converts the power from a single-phase utility to three-phase power for a three-phase load. The proposed single-phase to three-phase power conversion interface comprises a bridge-type switch set, a set of three-phase inductors, a transformer set and a set of three-phase capacitors. A current-mode control controls the switching of bridge-type switch set, to generate a set of nonzero-sequence (NZS) currents and a set of zero-sequence (ZS) currents. The transformer set is used to decouple the NZS currents and the ZS currents. The NZS currents are used to generate a high-quality three-phase voltage that supplies power to a three-phase load. The ZS currents flow to the single-phase utility so that the utility current is sinusoidal and in phase with the utility voltage. Accordingly, only a bridge-type switch set is used in the single-phase to three-phase power conversion interface to simply the power circuit. A prototype is developed and tested to verify the performance of the proposed single-phase to three-phase power conversion interface.
Saito, Y.; Tsunehiro, Y.; Yamamura, N. [Nagoya Inst. of Tech. (Japan)
1996-02-20
In respect of the construction of motor as the driving source of electric vehicle, there are two means as inverter-driving induction motors and DC brushless motors. Both of said means have the merits and demerits respectively as DC brushless motor has the excellent driving efficiency in low speed region and the advantage to deal with the trouble of inverter by the brake of power generation while the problems thereof are the filed-weakening control like induction motors is difficult in the practical use and a position sensor is necessary. In this paper, the electric vehicle are used as the object of the research for studying the construction and controlling method of brushless motor without position sensor, the control of the constant output in high speed region, and the starting as well as braking methods of the motor. Using current-source PWM inverter is the characteristic of this means. It is indicated by the comparative investigation with respect to the operating characteristics between the present means and the system using voltage-source inverter to the same synchronous machine that for the latter system the filter at the output side is indispensable and the values of the operating characteristics, efficiency, etc., in the brushless control are lower than those of the present means. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.
System For Characterizing Three-Phase Brushless dc Motors
Howard, David E.; Smith, Dennis A.
1996-01-01
System of electronic hardware and software developed to automate measurements and calculations needed to characterize electromechanical performances of three-phase brushless dc motors, associated shaft-angle sensors needed for commutation, and associated brushless tachometers. System quickly takes measurements on all three phases of motor, tachometer, and shaft-angle sensor simultaneously and processes measurements into performance data. Also useful in development and testing of motors with not only three phases but also two, four, or more phases.
Apparatus and method for heat-run test on high-power PWM converters with low energy expenditure
J S Siva Prasad; G Narayanan
2013-06-01
Before installation, a voltage source converter is usually subjected to heat-run test to verify its thermal design and performance under load. For heat-run test, the converter needs to be operated at rated voltage and rated current for a substantial length of time. Hence, such tests consume huge amount of energy in case of high-power converters. Also, the capacities of the source and loads available in the research and development (R & D) centre or the production facility could be inadequate to conduct such tests. This paper proposes a method to conduct heat-run tests on highpower, pulse width modulated (PWM) converters with low energy consumption. The experimental set-up consists of the converter under test and another converter (of similar or higher rating), both connected in parallel on the ac side and open on the dc side. Vector-control or synchronous reference frame control is employed to control the converters such that one draws certain amount of reactive power and the other supplies the same; only the system losses are drawn from the mains. The performance of the controller is validated through simulation and experiments. Experimental results, pertaining to heat-run tests on a high-power PWM converter, are presented at power levels of 25 kVA to 150 kVA.
Simulation of Five Phase Voltage Source Inverter with Different Excitation for Star Connected Load
M.A Inayathullaah
2014-07-01
Full Text Available In order to reduce the torque ripple and harmonics for smooth operation of the machine and to reduce the amount of heat generated the motor has to be supplied with multi phase supply greater than three phase supply. Selection of even number of phases should be avoided, because it decreases the performance of the motor as poles coincide with each other. So, Five Phase Supply is preferred. A five phase five leg 10 switch inverter fed five phase star connected load operating with five different excitation is simulated and compared with that of three phase conventional inverter.
Influence of current limitation on voltage stability with voltage sourced converter HVDC
Zeni, Lorenzo; Jóhannsson, Hjörtur; Hansen, Anca Daniela; Sørensen, Poul Ejnar; Hesselbæk, Bo; Kjær, Philip C.
2013-01-01
A first study of voltage stability with relevant amount of Voltage Sourced Converter based High Voltage Direct Current (VSC-HVDC) transmission is presented, with particular focus on the converters’ behaviour when reaching their rated current. The detrimental effect of entering the current...... limitation on the Power-Voltage (PV) curves at a load bus is exemplified on a three-bus system, proposing a method to model the converters in current limiting mode through ideal current sources. The influence of the current magnitude and angle on the reduced stability margin is analysed and results show that......, when the current limit is reached, despite the detrimental effect brought about by an increased equivalent transmission impedance, the loss of stability margin can be minimised by proper control of the converter....
Voltage source ac-to-dc converters for high-power transmitters
Cormier, R.
1990-01-01
This work was done to optimize the design of the components used for the beam power supply, which is a component of the transmitters in the Deep Space Network (DSN). The major findings are: (1) the difference in regulation between a six-pulse and a twelve-pulse converter is at most 7 percent worse for the twelve-pulse converter; (2) the commutation overlap angle of a current source converter equals that of a voltage source converter with continuous line currents; (3) the sources of uncharacteristic harmonics are identified with SPICE simulation; (4) the use of an imperfect phase-shifting transformer for the twelve-pulse converter generates a harmonic at six times the line frequency; and (5) the assumptions usually made in analyzing converters can be relaxed with SPICE simulation. The results demonstrate the suitability of using SPICE simulation to obtain detailed performance predictions of ac-to-dc converters.
Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2015-01-01
the passive capacitor current through a high-pass filter, which indirectly, furnishes two superior features. They are the mitigation of phase lag experienced by a conventional damper and the avoidance of instability caused by the negative resistance inserted unintentionally. Moreover, with the virtual......Active damping and harmonic compensation are two common challenges faced by LCL-filtered voltage source converters. To manage them holistically, this paper begins by proposing a virtual RC damper in parallel with the passive filter capacitor. The virtual damper is actively inserted by feeding back...... RC damper, the frequency region, within which the harmonic compensation is effective, can be extended beyond the gain crossover frequency. This is of interest to some high-performance applications, but has presently not been achieved by existing schemes. Performance of the proposed scheme has been...
Llopis, Francisco
2013-01-01
The circuit presented in this paper aims at providing three 40 Vpp 50Hz AC voltages sources with 120-degree phase separation between them. This is a fully analogue circuit that uses standard, low-cost electronic components without resorting to a microcontroller as previously proposed by Shirvasar et al [1]. This circuit may serve as a basis for a low-voltage 3P-AC power supply that students may safely use to realize experiments, i.e. about the principles and applications of three-phase AC power lines, without the risk of electric shocks.
Pires, Dulce F. [Escola Sup. Tecnologia Setubal/Inst. Politecnico Setubal, Setubal (Portugal); Pires, V. Fernao [Escola Sup. Tecnologia Setubal/Inst. Politecnico Setubal, Setubal (Portugal)]|[LabSEI - Laboratorio de Sistemas Electricos Industriais, Setubal (Portugal); Martins, J.F. [CTS, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia/UNL, Lisboa (Portugal); Pires, A.J. [Escola Sup. Tecnologia Setubal/Inst. Politecnico Setubal, Setubal (Portugal)]|[LabSEI - Laboratorio de Sistemas Electricos Industriais, Setubal (Portugal)]|[CTS, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia/UNL, Lisboa (Portugal)
2009-04-15
This paper focuses on the detection of a rotor cage fault in a three-phase PWM feed induction motor. In inverter-fed machines there are some difficulties for the detection of a rotor cage fault. These difficulties are due to the fault signature that will be contained in the currents or voltages applied to the machine. In this way, a new approach based on the current and a virtual flux is proposed. The use of the virtual flux allows the improving of the signal to noise ratio. This approach also allows the identification of a rotor cage fault independently of the type of control used in the ac drive. The theoretical principle of this method is discussed. Simulation and experimental results are presented in order to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. (author)
Bogimi Sirisha
2012-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a three-phase two leg neutral point clamped (NPC converter is presented for power factor correction and dc-link voltage regulation. The adopted converter has simpler circuit configuration and less number of power switches compared to three-level PWM converter. In this circuit configuration, only eight power switches and four clamping diodes with voltage stress of half the dc bus voltage are used. A simplified space vector pulse width modulation scheme (SVPWM is also adopted to track the line current commands. A reference voltage vector is generated on the ac terminal for drawing the sinusoidal line currents with unity power factor. This algorithm reduces the time required to calculate the switching time durations of voltage vectors. The simulation results have been presented to verify the validity and effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.
Three phase stratified sampling with ratio method of estimation
Bijoy Kumar Pradhan
2014-01-01
In this paper a three phase sampling is proposed to estimate the population mean of character by a three phase stratified ratio estimator and some numerical results are presented to illustrate efficiency of the proposed procedure against possible alternative ones and from the expected cost optimum sample sizes on first, second and third phases are also calculated.
7 CFR 3403.4 - Three-phase program.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Three-phase program. 3403.4 Section 3403.4... Program Description § 3403.4 Three-phase program. The Small Business Innovation Research Grants Program is carried out in three separate phases described in this section. The first two phases are designed...
Single-Phase Optimal Odd PWM Problem
Kujan, Petr; Hromčík, M.; Šebek, M.
Piscataway : IEEE, 2008, s. 371-378. ISBN 978-1-4244-1767-4; ISBN 978-1-4244-1766-7. [The 34th Annual Conference of the IEEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Orlando (US), 10.12.2008-13.12.2008] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0567; GA ČR(CZ) GA102/08/0186 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) LA300 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Optimal PWM problem * selected harmonics elimination * Newton identities Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory
Push-Pull Converter Fed Three-Phase Inverter for Residential and Motor Load
Samuel Rajesh Babu
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The proposed paper is an new approach for power conditioning of a PV (photo-voltaic cell array. The main objective is to investigate an approach to provide and improve the delivered electric energy by means of power conditioning structures with the use of alternative renewable resources (ARRs for remote rural residential or industrial non-linear loads. This approach employs a series-combined connected boost and buck boost DC-DC converter for power conditioning of the dc voltage provided by a photo-voltaic array. The input voltage to the combined converters is 100 V provided from two series connected PV cells, which is converted and increased to 200 V at the dc output voltage. Series-combined connected boost and buck-boost DC-DC converters operate alternatively. This helps to reduce the input ripple current and provide the required 400 Vdc on a sinusoidal PWM three-phase inverter. Analysis of the two series-combined DC-DC converters is presented along with simulation results. Simulations of the series-combined DC-DC converters are presented with an output DC voltage of 200 V and a maximum output load of Po = 600 W.
The pulse width modulated (PWM) inverter power supplies have been used increasingly to drive many electromagnetic devices for various purposes. When typical magnetic cores are energized by such voltage waveforms, additional iron losses occur due to distorted flux waveform. Most of these losses are due to an increase in frequency dependent losses. It should be noted that core geometry may also affect total power loss increase under PWM voltage excitation. This is because of a different magnetization process with respect to sinusoidal excitation. The effects of geometrical factors on magnetic properties of wound toroidal cores made of 3% grain oriented electrical steel were investigated. The results indicated that geometrical factors affect an iron loss increase under PWM voltage excitation as well as under sinusoidal excitation. The aspect ratio is particularly important in this regard
An improved fault-tolerant control scheme for PWM inverter-fed induction motor-based EVs.
Tabbache, Bekheïra; Benbouzid, Mohamed; Kheloui, Abdelaziz; Bourgeot, Jean-Matthieu; Mamoune, Abdeslam
2013-11-01
This paper proposes an improved fault-tolerant control scheme for PWM inverter-fed induction motor-based electric vehicles. The proposed strategy deals with power switch (IGBTs) failures mitigation within a reconfigurable induction motor control. To increase the vehicle powertrain reliability regarding IGBT open-circuit failures, 4-wire and 4-leg PWM inverter topologies are investigated and their performances discussed in a vehicle context. The proposed fault-tolerant topologies require only minimum hardware modifications to the conventional off-the-shelf six-switch three-phase drive, mitigating the IGBTs failures by specific inverter control. Indeed, the two topologies exploit the induction motor neutral accessibility for fault-tolerant purposes. The 4-wire topology uses then classical hysteresis controllers to account for the IGBT failures. The 4-leg topology, meanwhile, uses a specific 3D space vector PWM to handle vehicle requirements in terms of size (DC bus capacitors) and cost (IGBTs number). Experiments on an induction motor drive and simulations on an electric vehicle are carried-out using a European urban driving cycle to show that the proposed fault-tolerant control approach is effective and provides a simple configuration with high performance in terms of speed and torque responses. PMID:23916869
Three-phase relative permeability of Berea sandstone
Oak, M.J.; Baker, L.E. (Amoco Production Co., Tulsa, OK (US)); Thomas, C.C. (Amoco Corp., Naperville Research Center, IL (US))
1990-08-01
Reservoir engineering calculations frequently require consideration of coexisting oil, water, and gas phases. Such three-phase flow occurs when oil is displaced by simultaneous gas/water flow as in CO{sub 2}, water-alternating-gas flooding, steam-flooding, or other enhanced recovery processes. For this reason, reservoir simulators generally include three-phase relative permeability prediction methods. This paper presents two- and three-phase relative permeabilities measured on a water-wet fired Berea sandstone core with a fully automated steady-state method to investigate prediction methods experimentally.
Design and Implementation of Three Phase Unbalanced Voltage Motor Controller
M. A. A. Mashud
2013-09-01
Full Text Available A state-of-the-art-technology was used to design the unbalanced three phase motor controller. The fluctuation of line voltage has been questioned in recent times due to the use of heavy powered machine with three phases. This paper is focused on deriving a control scheme to drive a three phase motor that could be used in industry or households. The very simple circuitry has been employed in this design. To do this, extensive MATLAB analysis and PSpice software was conducted in order to optimize the control system and finally the results are practically verified.
Characteristics and application of three-phase extraction systems
A literature review dealing with three-phase extraction systems has been given. A classification of three-phase systems and their physicochemical characteristics have been presented. Mechanisms and reasons of the liquid third phase separation have been discussed. Studies on the partition of elements (V, Cd, REE and others) and organic compounds between three equilibrated phases in extraction systems of various types have been presented. Literature data concerning the application of three-phase extraction systems to separation, isolation and concentration of elements prior to their determination by various methods have been reviewed. 181 refs., 5 tabs
Design and Implementation of Three Phase Unbalanced Voltage Motor Controller
Mashud, M. A. A.; S. C. Barman; M. R. A. Bhuiyan; Md. Serajul Islam
2013-01-01
A state-of-the-art-technology was used to design the unbalanced three phase motor controller. The fluctuation of line voltage has been questioned in recent times due to the use of heavy powered machine with three phases. This paper is focused on deriving a control scheme to drive a three phase motor that could be used in industry or households. The very simple circuitry has been employed in this design. To do this, extensive MATLAB analysis and PSpice software was conducted in order to optimi...
A New Generalized Discontinuous-PWM Strategy for Active Power Filters
Asiminoaei, Lucian; Rodriguez, Pedro; Blaabjerg, Frede
2007-01-01
Classical discontinuous pulse width modulations (DPWM's) may not be efficiently applied in active power filters, because it is hard to predict the peak values of the inverter current, and consequently it is difficult to calculate the position of the clamped interval, that minimizes the switching...... losses in any operating point. This paper proposes a new discontinuous pulse width modulation strategy applied to shunt active power filters. The proposed modulation strategy detects the current vector position relative to the inverter voltage reference and determines instantaneously the optimum clamped...... is described, analyzed and validated on a three-phase voltage source inverter, rated at 7 kVA, 400 V, controlled as an active power filter....
Blaabjerg, Frede; Asiminoaei, Lucian; Malinowski, M.;
2008-01-01
switching losses in any operating point. This paper proposes a new DPWM strategy for shunt APFs. The proposed modulation strategy detects the current vector position relative to the inverter voltage reference and determines the optimum clamped duration for each phase, in terms of switching power losses. It......The classical discontinuous pulsewidth modulations (DPWMs) cannot be efficiently applied in active power filters (APFs) because it is difficult to predict the peak values of the inverter current. Consequently, it is difficult to calculate the optimal position of the clamped interval to minimize the...... achieves a clamped voltage pattern, with variable lengths depending on the magnitude of the inverter current. This property reduces the current stress and minimizes the inverter switching losses. The proposed modulation strategy is described, analyzed, and validated on a three-phase voltage source inverter...
Juhi Choudhary*
2014-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the four-leg voltage source converter (VSC with capacitor in its parallel, was functioned as a distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM. In three-phase four-wire distribution system, DSTATCOM was proposed for obtaining load balancing, harmonic current reduction and voltage regulation. The proposed technology was based on synchronous reference frame (SRF Theory. This theory was used for generating a reference current or gate pulse for VSC of DSTATCOM. Performance analysis of DSTATCOM under linear non linear loads was carried out and the Simulink results were shown. The analysis was carried out in MATLAB environment using Simulink and SimPowerSystem toolbox. The proposed SRF based DSTATCOM model was seen to be very effective to enhance the power quality of a three phase four wire distribution system.
Numerical Iterative Methods Solving three-phase Multilevel Voltage Converter
Kujan, Petr
Vol. IEEE CACSC CFP10CAC-CDR. Yokohama: IEEE, 2010, s. 1801-1806. ISBN 978-1-4244-5355-9. [The 10th IEEE International Symposium on Computer - Aided Control System Design . Yokohama, Kanagawa (JP), 08.09.2010-10.09.2010] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0567 Grant ostatní: GA ČR(CZ) GPP103/10/P323 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : multilevel converter * numerical methods * optimal PWM * selective harmonic elimination Subject RIV: BC - Control Systems Theory
Accurate Parameter Estimation for Unbalanced Three-Phase System
Yuan Chen; Hing Cheung So
2014-01-01
Smart grid is an intelligent power generation and control console in modern electricity networks, where the unbalanced three-phase power system is the commonly used model. Here, parameter estimation for this system is addressed. After converting the three-phase waveforms into a pair of orthogonal signals via the α β-transformation, the nonlinear least squares (NLS) estimator is developed for accurately finding the frequency, phase, and voltage parameters. The estimator is realized by the Newt...
Testing of three-phase equipment under voltage sags
Rolan Blanco, Alejandro; Córcoles, F.; Pedra, J.; Monjo, L.; Bogarra, S.
2015-01-01
This paper provides insight into the testing of three-phase equipment exposed to voltage sags caused by faults. The voltage sag recovers at the fault-current zeros, leading to a `discrete' voltage recovery, that is, the fault is cleared in different steps. In the literature, the most widespread classification divides `discrete' sags into 14 types. The authors study shows that it is generally sufficient to consider only five sag types for three-phase equipment, here called `time-invariant (TI)...
Analyse van de Spotspray van een PWM-spuitdop
Groot, T.T.; Velde, Van de, E.; Stallinga, H.; Nieuwenhuizen, A.T.; Holterman, H.J.; Zande, van der, W.J.
2014-01-01
Sensor gestuurde spuitsystemen waarmee door middel van een sensor kwantitatief een aantasting of hoeveelheid onkruid (biomassa) in het veld gemeten kan worden vragen om spuitsystemen met een variabele dosering. Eén methode om dat te realiseren is met een Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) techniek het debiet van de spuitdop te variëren. Dit PWM-systeem bestaat uit een dophouder met daarin een klep die tijdens de bespuiting met een hoge frequentie (PWM-cyclus) open en dicht wordt gezet. Met deze deb...
O.Chandra sekha
2014-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the regulation of the voltage and frequency of a stand-alone fixed-pitch wind energy conversion system (WECS based on a self-excited squirrel-cage induction machine. A shunt connected voltage source inverter (VSI and a controllable dump load are used for regulation purposes. A battery bank is included in the dc side of the VSI so that it can absorb and inject active power thus increasing the efficiency and availability of the system. A control scheme for the VSI with self-governing control of real and reactive power allows the state of charge of the batteries to be kept in a safe range while maximizing the voltage regulating capabilities of the VSI. The characteristics of the wind turbine, selfexcited generator, and the ratings of the VSI are considered in order to find out the load range for which voltage and frequency can be regulated for a given wind speed range. The possibility of the proposed system is verified by MATLAB/SIMULINK. simulations.
Nonlinear control of voltage source converters in AC-DC power system.
Dash, P K; Nayak, N
2014-07-01
This paper presents the design of a robust nonlinear controller for a parallel AC-DC power system using a Lyapunov function-based sliding mode control (LYPSMC) strategy. The inputs for the proposed control scheme are the DC voltage and reactive power errors at the converter station and the active and reactive power errors at the inverter station of the voltage-source converter-based high voltage direct current transmission (VSC-HVDC) link. The stability and robust tracking of the system parameters are ensured by applying the Lyapunov direct method. Also the gains of the sliding mode control (SMC) are made adaptive using the stability conditions of the Lyapunov function. The proposed control strategy offers invariant stability to a class of systems having modeling uncertainties due to parameter changes and exogenous inputs. Comprehensive computer simulations are carried out to verify the proposed control scheme under several system disturbances like changes in short-circuit ratio, converter parametric changes, and faults on the converter and inverter buses for single generating system connected to the power grid in a single machine infinite-bus AC-DC network and also for a 3-machine two-area power system. Furthermore, a second order super twisting sliding mode control scheme has been presented in this paper that provides a higher degree of nonlinearity than the LYPSMC and damps faster the converter and inverter voltage and power oscillations. PMID:24906895
Effect of embedded voltage source converter on power system oscillation damping
R; DUNN
2010-01-01
This paper presents the damping torque analysis of power system oscillation stability as affected by the dynamic and control functions of an embedded voltage source converter(VSC).The objective of the study is to explain why and how the dynamic and basic control functions of the embedded VSC,ac and dc voltage regulation,provide damping to power system oscillations.The most important conclusion obtained in the paper is that both the dynamics and the dc voltage control of the VSC contribute a variable damping torque,which can be positive or negative,at different levels of system load conditions.More positive damping torque can be provided by the VSC at a heavier load condition.There exists a point of system load condition where the VSC provides no damping torque to power system oscillation hence dose not impose any influence on power system oscillation stability.The VSC studied in the paper can be the power-electronics-based interface of various FACTS(flexible ac transmission systems) devices,energy storage systems and renewable power generation units,although the focus of the discussion presented in this paper is the effect of the dynamics and basic control functions of the VSC themselves on power system oscillation damping.To demonstrate the analytical conclusions obtained in the paper,results of eigenvalue computation and nonlinear simulation of an example power system with STATCOM(static synchronous compensator) are given.
NingYi Dai
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In order to utilize the energy from the renewable energy sources, power conversion system is necessary, in which the voltage source inverter (VSI is usually the last stage for injecting power to the grid. It is an economical solution to add the function of power quality conditioning to the grid-connected VSI in the low-voltage distribution system. Two multifunctional VSIs are studied in this paper, that is, inductive-coupling VSI and capacitive-coupling VSI, which are named after the fundamental frequency impedance of their coupling branch. The operation voltages of the two VSIs are compared when they are used for renewable energy integration and power quality conditioning simultaneously. The operation voltage of the capacitive-coupling VSI can be set much lower than that of the inductive-coupling VSI when reactive power is for compensating inductive loads. Since a large portion of the loads in the distribution system are inductive, the capacitive-coupling VSI is further studied. The design and control method of the multifunctional capacitive-coupling VSI are proposed in this paper. Simulation and experimental results are provided to show its validity.
Dai, NingYi; Lam, Chi-Seng; Zhang, WenChen
2014-01-01
In order to utilize the energy from the renewable energy sources, power conversion system is necessary, in which the voltage source inverter (VSI) is usually the last stage for injecting power to the grid. It is an economical solution to add the function of power quality conditioning to the grid-connected VSI in the low-voltage distribution system. Two multifunctional VSIs are studied in this paper, that is, inductive-coupling VSI and capacitive-coupling VSI, which are named after the fundamental frequency impedance of their coupling branch. The operation voltages of the two VSIs are compared when they are used for renewable energy integration and power quality conditioning simultaneously. The operation voltage of the capacitive-coupling VSI can be set much lower than that of the inductive-coupling VSI when reactive power is for compensating inductive loads. Since a large portion of the loads in the distribution system are inductive, the capacitive-coupling VSI is further studied. The design and control method of the multifunctional capacitive-coupling VSI are proposed in this paper. Simulation and experimental results are provided to show its validity. PMID:25177725
Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang
2014-01-01
This paper addresses the interaction between harmonic resonant controllers and active damping of LCL resonance in voltage source converters. A virtual series R-C damper in parallel with the filter capacitor is proposed with the capacitor current feedback loop. The phase lag resulting from the dig...
Improved Passive-Damped LCL Filter to Enhance Stability in Grid-Connected Voltage-Source Converters
Beres, Remus Narcis; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2015-01-01
This paper proposes an improved passive-damped LCL filter to be used as interface between the grid-connected voltage-source converters and the utility grid. The proposed filter replaces the LCL filter capacitor with a traditional C-type filter with the resonant circuit tuned in such a way that sw...
Harmonic Filtering Performance of a Hybrid Active Filter for a Three-Phase 12-Pulse Diode Rectifier
Isozaki, Kohei; Akagi, Hirofumi
This paper describes a hybrid active filter for harmonic-current compensation of a three-phase 12-pulse diode rectifier used as the front end of a medium-voltage motor drive system. This hybrid filter is characterized by the direct series connection of a simple LC filter and a small-rated active filter. This circuit configuration brings low cost, small size, and light weight to the hybrid filter. The authors design, construct, and test a three-phase experimental system rated at 400V and 15kW, which is a downscaled model of the medium-voltage motor drive system. In this experiment, the LC filter is tuned to the 11th harmonic frequency, and the active filter is based on a three-level diode-clamped PWM converter with a dc capacitor voltage as low as 28V. This hybrid filter is connected on either the first or fourth winding of a line-frequency transformer with a first Δ-winding voltage of 400V in the primary, and a second Δ-winding voltage of 220V, a third Y-winding voltage of 220V, and a fourth Δ-winding voltage of 400V in the secondary. Experimental results show that the hybrid filter performs satisfactory filtering in a range from the no-load to full-load conditions.
An Investigation on the Performance of Random PWM Controlled Converters
R. Jadeja
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This paper provides an insight on various random pulse width modulation techniques and their effect on spreading the harmonic spectrum for various applications like drives, hybrid electric vehicles and renewable energy sources, for two level as well as three level inverter. Acoustic noise reduction, electromagnetic interference conducted and torque ripple are obvious advantages of random pulse width modulation (PWM. PWM converters with multilevel topology can meet with global quality standards for power supplies. The random PWM technique provides additional advantages. Among others, it may be implemented to achieve switching loss equalization in power switches for cascaded H-Bridge multilevel inverters. This paper provides in depth understanding for different random PWM techniques and their applications.
Simulation of Five Phase Voltage Source Inverter with Different Excitation for Star Connected Load
M. A. Inayathullaah; Dr. R. Anita
2014-01-01
In order to reduce the torque ripple and harmonics for smooth operation of the machine and to reduce the amount of heat generated the motor has to be supplied with multi phase supply greater than three phase supply. Selection of even number of phases should be avoided, because it decreases the performance of the motor as poles coincide with each other. So, Five Phase Supply is preferred. A five phase five leg 10 switch inverter fed five phase star connected load operating with five different ...
An Investigation on the Performance of Random PWM Controlled Converters
Jadeja, R.; Ved, A.; S. Chauhan
2015-01-01
This paper provides an insight on various random pulse width modulation techniques and their effect on spreading the harmonic spectrum for various applications like drives, hybrid electric vehicles and renewable energy sources, for two level as well as three level inverter. Acoustic noise reduction, electromagnetic interference conducted and torque ripple are obvious advantages of random pulse width modulation (PWM). PWM converters with multilevel topology can meet with global quality standar...
A Composite PWM Control Strategy for Boost Converter
Qingfeng, Liu; Zhaoxia, Leng; Jinkun, Sun; Huamin, Wang
In order to improve the control performance of boost converter with large signal disturbance, a composite PWM control strategy for boost converter operating in continuous condition mode (CCM) was proposed in this paper. The parasitical loss of Boost converter was analyzed and a loss compensation strategy was adopted to design feed-forward tracker for converter. The composite PWM controller consisted of the tracker and PID controller. Simulation and experiment results validated the validity of the control strategy presented in this paper.
VFT PHASE VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT IN THREE-PHASE ENCLOSED GIS
邹建华; 岳子丁; 李洋
2002-01-01
The measuring of VFT phase voltage in three-phase enclosed GIS is more complex and difficult than in single-phase ones. There are 3 capacitive sensors in the measuring system, the outputs of which are with a linear relation to the three phase voltages. This linear relation is presented with a factorial matrix. Because each capacitive sensor is coupled with the electric field of three phases (A, B, and C), the electric coupling coefficients are introduced. In order to determine the matrix of electric coupling coefficients, the numerical calculation method can be used. From the discussion on two types of three-phase enclosed GIS bus, i.e. standard arrangement and biased arrangement, the dominant electric coupling coefficients are named, which can be simply and approximately calculated by an analytic expression. Finally, as an example, the waveforms of VFT phase voltage generated on a three-phase enclosed GIS bus model are displayed. When a capacitive sensor is located at the 'shortest point' of phase A (or B, or C), the VFT phase voltage VA (or VB, or VC) can almost be measured by that capacitive sensor alone.
Three-phase multilevel solar inverter for motor drive system
Bhasagare, Mayuresh P.
This thesis deals with three phase inverters and the different control strategies that can be associated with an inverter being used together. The first part of this thesis discusses the present research in the fields of PV panels, motor drive systems and three phase inverters along with their control. This control includes various strategies like MPPT, Volts-Hertz and modulation index compensation. Incorporating these techniques together is the goal of this thesis. A new topology for operating an open end motor drive system has also been discusses, where a boost converter and a flyback converter have been used in cascade to run a three phase motor. The main advantage of this is increasing the number of levels and improving the quality of the output voltage, not to mention a few other benefits of having the proposed circuit. A new algorithm has also been designed for starting and stopping the motor, which controls the current drawn from the power source during starting.
Harmonic three-phase circular inclusions in finite elasticity
Wang, Xu; Schiavone, Peter
2015-09-01
We study the exterior stress field in a three-phase circular inclusion which is bonded to the surrounding matrix through an intermediate interphase layer. All three phases belong to a particular class of compressible hyperelastic materials of harmonic type. We focus on the design of a harmonic elastic inclusion which by definition, does not disturb the sum of the normal stresses in the surrounding matrix. We show that in order to make the coated inclusion harmonic, certain inequalities concerning the material and geometric parameters of the three-phase composite must first be satisfied. The corresponding remote loading parameters can then be uniquely determined while keeping the associated phase angles arbitrary. Our results allow for both uniform and non-uniform remote loading. We show that the stress field inside the inclusion is uniform when the remote loading is uniform.
Hagiwara, Makoto; Nishimura, Kazutoshi; Akagi, Hirofumi
This paper presents a medium-voltage motor drive with a three-phase modular multilevel PWM inverter and focuses on its control method and operating performance. This motor drive is particularly suitable for fans, blowers, pumps, and compressors, in which the load torque is proportional to the square of the rotating speed. Particular attention is paid to the dc-capacitor voltage fluctuation of each chopper-cell because it may affect the voltage rating of the power switching devices used. This paper describes the theoretical equations related to the amount of the voltage fluctuation. A downscaled model rated at 400V and 15kW is designed and built to confirm the validity and effectiveness of the nine-level (17-level in line-to-line) PWM inverter that is intended for use in medium-voltage motor drives to achieve energy savings.