WorldWideScience
 
 
1

The design, construction, and monitoring of photovoltaic power system and solar thermal system on the Georgia Institute of Technology Aquatic Center. Volume 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a report on the feasibility study, design, and construction of a PV and solar thermal system for the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center. The topics of the report include a discussion of site selection and system selection, funding, design alternatives, PV module selection, final design, and project costs. Included are appendices describing the solar thermal system, the SAC entrance canopy PV mockup, and the PV feasibility study.

Long, R.C.

1996-12-31

2

Technology Transfer Center | Competitive Service Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) is a designated Competitive Service Center (CSC) for technology transfer to other NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs). The CSC at TTC offers a range of services and works with each client IC to determine the IC's unique technology transfer needs.

3

Convergence Technology Center (CTC)  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the Convergence Technology Center is "to meet the growing need for skilled specialists in the area of Convergence Technology and Home Technology Integration." Their website provides resources for such training, from program development for educators to networking resources associated with various community colleges. A discussion forum, sample course designs, conference announcements, and news section combine to provide future convergence technicians with the tools they need for the marketplace.

2007-06-17

4

Solar Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy, Golden Field Office, awarded a grant to the UNLV Research Foundation (UNLVRF) on August 1, 2005 to develop a solar and renewable energy information center. The Solar Technology Center (STC) is to be developed in two phases, with Phase I consisting of all activities necessary to determine feasibility of the project, including design and engineering, identification of land access issues and permitting necessary to determine project viability without permanently disturbing the project site, and completion of a National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Environmental Assessment. Phase II is the installation of infrastructure and related structures, which leads to commencement of operations of the STC. The STC is located in the Boulder City designated 3,000-acre Eldorado Valley Energy Zone, approximately 15 miles southwest of downtown Boulder City and fronting on Eldorado Valley Drive. The 33-acre vacant parcel has been leased to the Nevada Test Site Development Corporation (NTSDC) by Boulder City to accommodate a planned facility that will be synergistic with present and planned energy projects in the Zone. The parcel will be developed by the UNLVRF. The NTSDC is the economic development arm of the UNLVRF. UNLVRF will be the entity responsible for overseeing the lease and the development project to assure compliance with the lease stipulations established by Boulder City. The STC will be operated and maintained by University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and its Center for Energy Research (UNLV-CER). Land parcels in the Eldorado Valley Energy Zone near the 33-acre lease are committed to the construction and operation of an electrical grid connected solar energy production facility. Other projects supporting renewable and solar technologies have been developed within the energy zone, with several more developments in the horizon.

Boehm, Bob

2011-04-27

5

Aquatic system as the subject of aquatic ecology and the starting point of the water treatment technology ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Discrete properties of substances found in the water can provide exhaustive information about the substances contained in it. However, they do not provide any information about the interaction between the substances and the water, or between themselves, or the overall properties of the aquatic system. Therefore, they cannot serve as the basis for the systemic approach to development of efficient water treatment technologies. The author's suggestion is to introduce the term "aquatic system" as a description of the properties of natural and sewerage water. An aquatic system represents a collection of interconnected substances and phenomena in the aquatic medium. Therefore, natural and sewerage water represent aquatic systems, or mixtures of substances that have different origins, that interact with one another on a non-stop basis, and that are interrelated, and that interact with the water at one and the same time. Primary features of aquatic systems are considered in the article, including genesis, stability, and localization. Secondary features of aquatic systems, including their aggregate state, their biotic state, and their chemical composition. The research of aquatic systems of natural and sewerage waters, their structure and interrelations identifies the top-priority subject of research in the aquatic ecology. Therefore, the subject matter of the aquatic ecology represents the area of research, learning and systematization of features and properties of natural and man-made aquatic systems. This area of research dives way to a new trend of the methodology of modeling and optimization of natural and sewerage water treatment technologies. Aquatic ecology is to develop the principal provisions aimed at the improvement of water treatment technologies based on the properties of aquatic systems.?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ??? ?????????. ?? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ? ?????, ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????, ?????????????, ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????? ????. ??? ???????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??????? «???????????». ??????????? - ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ?????. ? ???????????? ? ???? ????????, ????????? ? ??????? ???? - ??? ???????????, ?????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????????????, ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????, ??????????? ???? ? ?????? ? ????? ????????????. ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????????: ???????, ????????????, ???????????, ? ????? ??????????? - ??????-?????????? ?????????, ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????. ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???, ?? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ????????, ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? - ??? ??????? ????????, ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????. ??? ????????? ????? ??

Alekseev Evgenij Valer'evich

2012-02-01

6

Induced pluripotent stem cell technology and aquatic animal species.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aquatic animal species are the overall leaders in the scientific investigation of tough but important global health issues, including environmental toxicants and climate change. Historically, aquatic animal species also stand at the forefront of experimental biology, embryology and stem cell research. Over the past decade, intensive and high-powered investigations principally involving mouse and human cells have brought the generation and study of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to a level that facilitates widespread use in a spectrum of species. A review of key features of these investigations is presented here as a primer for the use of iPSC technology to enhance ongoing aquatic animal species studies. iPSC and other cutting edge technologies create the potential to study individuals from "the wild" closer to the level of investigation applied to sophisticated inbred mouse models. A wide variety of surveys and hypothesis-driven investigations can be envisioned using this new capability, including comparisons of organism-specific development and exposure response and the testing of fundamental dogmas established using inbred mice. However, with these new capabilities, also come new criteria for rigorous baseline assessments and testing. Both the methods for inducing pluripotency and the source material can negatively impact iPSC quality and bourgeoning applications. Therefore, more rigorous strategies not required for inbred mouse models will have to be implemented to approach global health issues using individuals from "the wild" for aquatic animal species. PMID:24548888

Temkin, Alexis M; Spyropoulos, Demetri D

2014-06-01

7

Center for Advanced Automotive Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) is a National Science Foundation (NSF) funded Advanced Technological Education (ATE) center located at Macomb Community College, and among many other efforts, houses a comprehensive, up-to-date educational resource library available to the public. This library contains resources as small as a single presentation or assignment, to complete modules and courses taught at community colleges and universities in the fields of automotive, engineering, and technology. The scope of this library includes advanced automotive technology, alternative fuels, the smart grid interface, and related industry reports.

2013-06-26

8

Technology Transfer Center | Staff Directory  

Science.gov (United States)

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview Role of TTC Success

9

Performance Technologies Learning Center  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred years ago, telephony was a bit simpler. A variety of short courses, and one could be connecting Doctor Brown to a specialist in a far away city, such as New York, Boston, or even Green Bay, if the situation demanded it. In contemporary society, those interested in a viable and productive career in telephony must stay on top of the emerging technologies in these areas on a regular basis. This website from the Performance Technologies corporation can help them do just that. The site offers a number of tutorials on a number of networking and related telecommunications technologies and programs, including the global system for mobile communication (GSM), the common channel signaling system (or "SS7"), and the voice traffic over Internet Protocol (VoIP).

2006-11-30

10

Technology Transfer Center | About TTC  

Science.gov (United States)

The NCI Technology Transfer Center (TTC) provides a complete array of services to support technology development activities for the National Cancer Institute and the NIH institutes served by TTC. TTC staff negotiate transactional agreements with outside parties, including universities, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies to ensure compliance with Federal statutes, regulations and the policies of the National Institutes of Health.

11

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D) Technology Assessment Program (TAP) was developed to provide detailed, comparable data for environmental technologies and to disseminate this data to D&D professionals in a manner that will facilitate the review and selection of technologies to perform decontamination and decommissioning. The objectives for this project include the following: Determine technology needs through review of the Site Technology Coordination Group (STCG) information and other applicable websites and needs databases; Perform a detailed review of industries that perform similar activities as those required in D&D operations to identify additional technologies; Define the technology assessment program for characterization and waste management problem sets; Define the data management program for characterization, dismantlement, and waste management problem sets; Evaluate baseline and innovative technologies under standard test conditions at Florida International University's Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) and other locations and collect data in the areas of performance, cost, health and safety, operations and maintenance, and primary and secondary waste generation; Continue to locate, verify, and incorporate technology performance data from other sources into the multimedia information system; and Develop the conceptual design for a dismantlement technology decision analysis tool for dismantlement technologies.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-10-31

12

Design and performance of the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center photovoltaic system. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A building-integrated DC PV array has been constructed on the Georgia Tech campus. The array is mounted on the roof of the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center (GTAC), site of the aquatic events during the 1996 Paralympic and Olympic Games in Atlanta. At the time of its construction, it was the world`s largest roof-mounted photovoltaic array, comprised of 2,856 modules and rates at 342 kW. This section describes the electrical and physical layout of the PV system, and the associated data acquisition system (DAS) which monitors the performance of the system and collects measurements of several important meteorological parameters.

Rohatgi, A.; Begovic, M.; Long, R.; Ropp, M.; Pregelj, A.

1996-12-31

13

Center for Advanced Separation Technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. is the largest producer of mining products in the world. In 2011, U.S. mining operations contributed a total of $232 billion to the nation’s GDP plus $138 billion in labor income. Of this the coal mining industry contributed a total of $97.5 billion to GDP plus $53 billion in labor income. Despite these contributions, the industry has not been well supported with research and development funds as compared to mining industries in other countries. To overcome this problem, the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies (CAST) was established to develop technologies that can be used by the U.S. mining industry to create new products, reduce production costs, and meet environmental regulations. Originally set up by Virginia Tech and West Virginia University, CAST is now a five-university consortium – Virginia Tech, West Virginia University, University of Kentucky, University of Utah and Montana Tech, - that is supported through U.S. DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FE0000699, Center for Advanced Separation Technology. Much of the research to be conducted with Cooperative Agreement funds will be longer term, high-risk, basic research and will be carried out in two broad areas: Advanced Pre-Combustion Clean Coal Technologies and Gas-Gas Separations. Distribution of funds is handled via competitive solicitation of research proposals through Site Coordinators at the five member universities. These were reviewed and the selected proposals were forwarded these to the DOE/NETL Project Officer for final review and approval. The successful projects are listed below by category, along with abstracts from their final reports.

Honaker, Rick

2013-09-30

14

Technology Transfer Center | Institutes Served By TTC  

Science.gov (United States)

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) provides technology transfer services to NCI. In addition, TTC is a designated Competitive Service Center (CSC) for technology transfer, offering to other NIH institutes a range of services from consultations to full technology transfer services. TTC serves the twelve institutes listed below.

15

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The final data package has been completed for the Mississippi State University, DIAL FTP Wall Depth Removal Characterization Technology. The package has been sent to DIAL for comments. Work is progressing on completing the transfer of glove boxes and tanks from Rocky Flats to FIU-HCET for the purpose of performing size reduction technology assessments. Vendors are being identified and security measures are being put in place to meet the High Risk Property criteria required by Rocky Flats. The FIU-HCET Technology Assessment Program has been included as one of 11 verification programs across the US and Canada described in the Interstate Technology Regulatory Cooperation (ITRC) document, ''Multi-state Evaluation of Elements Important to the Verification of Remediation Technologies'', dated January 1999. FIU-HCET will also participate in a panel discussion on technology verification programs at the International Environmental Technology Expo '99.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-04-30

16

Technology Transfer Center | NCI TTC Fellowship Program  

Science.gov (United States)

The DHHS, NIH, NCI Technology Transfer Center (TTC) has a fellowship opportunity available to qualified candidates in one of the fastest growing fields, technology transfer. This fellowship opportunity lets you combine your science, legal or business background with a new career in the technology transfer field.

17

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The programming and website for the advanced Technology Information System (TIS) have been completed. Over and above the LSDDP-TIS, the new system provides information on DOE's baseline technologies, technology data contained in DOE's databases, technologies assessed at FIU-HCET Technology Assessment Program (TAP), as well as links to other selected D&D sites with valuable technology information. The new name for the website is Gateway for Environmental Technology (GET). A super-vacuum type blasting system was tested for decontamination of 12-in pipe internal surfaces. The system operates on compressed air and propels grit media at high speed at wall surfaces. It is equipped with a vacuum system for collecting grit, dust, and debris. This technology was selected for further development. The electret ion chamber (EIC) system for measurement of alpha contamination on surfaces has been calibrated and is ready for demonstration and deployment. FIU-HCET is working with representatives from Fernald, Oak Ridge, Rocky Flats, and Savannah River to procure a demonstration and deployment site. Final arrangements are ongoing for the mock-up design for the glove box and tank size reduction technology assessments, including designing of support bases for tanks, a piping support system, and a mobilization plan for glove boxes and tanks from storage site to the PermaCon.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-05-31

18

Technology Transfer Center | Success Stories  

Science.gov (United States)

The success of technology transfer activities can be gauged by the advent of a therapeutic, a device, a vaccine, a diagnostic, as well as any new method or improvement to a technology that results in some benefit to patients. Please see below for some examples of notable success stories for which NCI TTC is proud to have made a contribution.

19

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

FIU-HCET participated in an ICT meeting at Mound during the second week of December and presented a brief videotape of the testing of the Robotic Climber technology. During this meeting, FIU-HCET proposed the TechXtract technology for possible testing at Mound and agreed to develop a five-page proposal for review by team members. FIU-HCET provided assistance to Bartlett Inc. and General Lasertronics Corporation in developing a proposal for a Program Opportunity Notice (PON). The proposal was submitted by these companies on January 5, 1999. The search for new equipment dismantlement technologies is continuing. The following vendors have responded to requests for demonstration: LUMONICS, Laser Solutions technology; CRYO-BEAM, Cryogenic cutting technology; Waterjet Technology Association, Waterjet Cutting technology; and DIAJET, Waterjet Cutting technology. Based on the tasks done in FY98, FIU-HCET is working closely with Numatec Hanford Corporation (NHC) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to revise the plan and scope of work of the pipeline plugging project in FY99, which involves activities of lab-scale flow loop experiments and a large-scale demonstration test bed.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-01-31

20

Technology Transfer Center | Careers & Training  

Science.gov (United States)

Technology transfer is a growing field encompassing the convergence of research, innovation, and commercialization. In order to facilitate the growth of this field, several training and education opportunities are available.

 
 
 
 
21

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

FIU-HCET personnel visited the Special Technologies Laboratory (STL) for discussions with the Principal Investigator (PI) of Laser Induced Fluorescence Imaging (LIFI) and for training in LIFI. Mr. Peter Gibbons, Tanks Retrieval Technology Integration Manager, visited FIU-HCET on July 20, 1999. Mr. Gibbons inspected the pipeline unplugging experimental facility at the HCET testing field. The detailed test bed construction, testing plan, and plugging material specifications were discussed.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-07-31

22

OUT Success Stories: National Wind Technology Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is the U.S. Department of Energy's national center for wind turbine research and development. The unique wind characteristics at the NWTC provide an ideal environment for testing wind turbines in power-producing modes as well as in extreme, high-wind conditions

2000-01-01

23

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To enhance the measurement capability of EICs to alpha spectrometry, measurements at FIU-HCET were performed on different energy alpha sources, and response factors of ST electrets in 960-mL chamber were determined. Earlier, EIC was considered as only a charge-integrating device without spectrometric capability. This is a potentially significant development accomplished by FIU-HCET. It could appreciably lower the current cost of spectral characterization. FIU-HCET has been invited to participate in the Operating Engineers' National Hazmat program's assessment of the Mini Mitter, commercially known as the VitalSense{trademark} Telemetric Monitoring System. This evaluation is scheduled for early July 1999. Additional health and safety technology evaluations, in which FIU-HCET will also participate, are also scheduled for later in the summer. The Technology Information System (TIS), MISD, and DASD are now complete and accessible through the Internet website http://www.DandD.org/tis.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-06-30

24

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Online Measurement of Decontamination project team received a commitment for a demonstration in May from the Sacramento (California) Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Rancho Seco site. Since this site is a member of the DOE Commercial Utilities Consortium, the demonstration will fulfill the DOE and commercial technology demonstration requirements. Discussion on deployment of the Integrated Vertical and Overhead Decontamination (IVOD) System at Rancho Seco was conducted; date for deployment tentatively scheduled for early spring. Based upon fictional requirements from SRS for a shiny monitor in a high-level waste tank, FIU-HCET developed and delivered a draft slurry monitor design and draft test plan. Experiments measuring slurry settling time for SRS slurry simulant at 10 wt% have been completed on FIU-HCET'S flow loop with SRS dip. The completed design package of the test mockup for evaluating Non-Intrusive Location of Buried Items Technologies was sent to Fluor Fernald and the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program for review. Comments are due at the end of January. Preliminary experiments to determine size distribution of aerosols generated during metal cutting were performed. A 1/4-inch-thick iron plate was cut using a plasma arc torch, and the size distribution of airborne particles was measured using a multistage impactor. Per request of DOE-Ohio, FIU-HCET participated in a weeklong value engineering study for the characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement of their critical path facility.

M.A. Ebadian

2000-01-31

25

Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST)  

Science.gov (United States)

Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST) CREST Supplements and HBCU Research ... Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST) CREST Supplements and HBCU Research ...

26

Technology Transfer Center | NIH Technology Transfer Training Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview NCI TTC Fellowship

27

CROSSCUTTING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AT THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Technical Progress Report describes progress made on the twenty nine subprojects awarded in the second year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT41607: Crosscutting Technology Development at the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual sub-project Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices.

Christopher E. Hull

2006-05-15

28

Crosscutting Technology Development at the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Technical Progress Report describes progress made on the twenty nine subprojects awarded in the second year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT41607: Crosscutting Technology Development at the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual sub-project Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices.

Christopher E. Hull

2006-09-30

29

Technologies for learner-centered feedback  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the number, type, and use of technologies to support learning increases, so do the opportunities for using these technologies for feedback. Learner-centered feedback is a core to the teaching-learning process. It is related to assessment in describing how learners perform in their learning, their gain in knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Feedback, types of feedback, guidelines for effective learner-centered feedback, and feedback’s relationship to assessment are presented. Methods of providing feedback, for example, automated, audio scribe pens, digital audio, etc., and the related technologies are described. Technologies that allow instructors to make informed decisions about the use of various methods for feedback are discussed.

Jane Costello

2013-09-01

30

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

31

Planning and Management of Technology Deployment Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The R and D contents are summarized as follows ; Models were set-up for transferring the developed technologies to the industry and managing technology deployment center to vitalize the commercialization and then the set-up model was tried to apply for transferring technologies for commercialization and to define interfaces between the R and D and industrial applications In this project, new products and processes were developed for promoting the commercialization. Infra-structures were firmly set-up for the venture company promotion and technology deployment developed during executing the proton Engineering frontier Project. Commercialization methodology connection with industrial companies were studied by outside specializing institute. Development of gem-stone coloring and new photo catalyst producing techniques are very high value-adding technologies, therefore, experimental and theoretical R and D were transacted simultaneously to obtain the originality of the technology. The theoretical R and D was committed to a specialist outside

2005-01-01

32

St. Luke's Medical Center: technologizing health care  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The computerization of the St. Luke's Medical Center improved the hospital administration and management, particularly in nuclear medicine department. The use of computer-aided X-ray simulator machine and computerized linear accelerator machine in diagnosing and treating cancer are the most recent medical technological breakthroughs that benefited thousands of Filipino cancer patients. 4 photos

1994-01-01

33

Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology (CBST).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology (CBST) is the only center in the country funded by the National Science Foundation and devoted to the study of light and radiant energy in biology and medicine. Our consortium of 10 world-class academic institutions and research laboratories is comprised of physical and life scientists, physicians and engineers - along with industry participants, educators and community leaders - working together to bring biophotonics to the forefront of mainstream science. The three main arms of CBST are (1) Science and Technology, (2) Education, and (3) Knowledge Transfer. The research sponsored by the center focuses on critical themes that are expected to have significant impact on current biomedical science and technology. Projects include the development of new methods in optical microscopy that work well beyond the diffraction limit; ultrafast, high-intensity X-ray lasers to resolve the structure of single biomolecules, and new devices and sensors for minimally - or noninvasive medical applications. CBST is developing a new curriculum, along with training materials, internships and research fellowships to introduce biophotonics to students and teachers at all educational levels. Finally, the knowledge transfer component of CBST is seeking to catalyze the rapid growth of biophotonics as a new technology sector by supplying intellectual capital and tools to stimulate the growth of new products and new companies. By coupling the center's biophotonics research projects with industry partners and sponsors, a unique R&D environment is created to expand the use of photons in the development of life sciences, bioengineering and health care. PMID:17271474

Chuang, Frank

2004-01-01

34

Tiger Team Assessment, Energy Technology Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Office Special Projects within the Office of Environment, Safety, and Health (EH) has the responsibility to conduct Tiger Team Assessments for the Secretary of Energy. This report presents the assessment of the buildings, facilities, and activities under the DOE/Rockwell Contract No. DE-AM03-76SF00700 for the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) and of other DOE-owned buildings and facilities at the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) site in southeastern Ventura County, California, not covered under Contract No. DE-AM03-76SF00700, but constructed over the years under various other contracts between DOE and Rockwell International. ETEC is an engineering development complex operated for DOE by the Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International Corporation. ETEC is located within SSFL on land owned by Rockwell. The balance of the SSFL complex is owned and operated by Rocketdyne, with the exception of a 42-acre parcel owned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The primary mission of ETEC is to provide engineering, testing, and development of components related to liquid metals technology and to conduct applied engineering development of emerging energy technologies.

1991-04-01

35

CROSSCUTTING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AT THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. is the largest producer of mining products in the world. In 2003, U.S. mining operations produced $57 billion worth of raw materials that contributed a total of $564 billion to the nation's wealth. Despite these contributions, the mining industry has not been well supported with research and development funds as compared to mining industries in other countries. To overcome this problem, the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies (CAST) was established to develop technologies that can be used by the U.S. mining industry to create new products, reduce production costs, and meet environmental regulations. Much of the research to be conducted with Cooperative Agreement funds will be longer-term, high-risk, basic research and will be carried out in five broad areas: (1) Solid-solid separation; (2) Solid-liquid separation; (3) Chemical/Biological Extraction; (4) Modeling and Control; and (5) Environmental Control.

Christopher E. Hull

2005-01-20

36

Crosscutting Technology Development at the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. is the largest producer of mining products in the world. In 2003, U.S. mining operations produced $57 billion worth of raw materials that contributed a total of $564 billion to the nation's wealth. Despite these contributions, the mining industry has not been well supported with research and development funds as compared to mining industries in other countries. To overcome this problem, the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies (CAST) was established to develop technologies that can be used by the U.S. mining industry to create new products, reduce production costs, and meet environmental regulations. Originally set up by Virginia Tech and West Virginia University, this endeavor has been expanded into a seven-university consortium -- Virginia Tech, West Virginia University, University of Kentucky, University of Utah, Montana Tech, New Mexico Tech and University of Nevada, Reno - that is supported through U.S. DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-02NT41607: Crosscutting Technology Development at the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. Much of the research to be conducted with Cooperative Agreement funds will be longer-term, high-risk, basic research and will be carried out in five broad areas: (1) Solid-solid separation; (2) Solid-liquid separation; (3) Chemical/biological extraction; (4) Modeling and control; and (5) Environmental control. Distribution of funds is handled via competitive solicitation of research proposals through Site Coordinators at the seven member universities. These were first reviewed and ranked by a group of technical reviewers (selected primarily from industry). Based on these reviews, and an assessment of overall program requirements, the CAST Technical Committee made an initial selection/ranking of proposals and forwarded these to the DOE/NETL Project Officer for final review and approval. The successful projects are listed by category, along with brief abstracts of their aims and objectives.

Christopher Hull

2009-10-31

37

Effects of aqueous effluents from in situ fossil fuel processing technologies on aquatic systems. Annual progress report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the first annual report issued under a project to evaluate the effects of aqueous effluents from in-situ fossil fuel processing technologies on aquatic biota. Briefly, the goals of the project are to: evaluate the toxicity of process water effluents on aquatic biota; recommend maximum exposure concentrations for process water constituents; and assist DOE in using project data and recommendations to design control technologies and to assess environmental impacts. The project objectives for Year 1 were pursued through the following five tasks: a literature review on process water constituents; toxicity studies on the effect of process waters and six process water constituents on aquatic biota; degradation rate studies on four to six process water constituents; bioaccumulation studies on four to six process water constituents; and recommendations on maximum exposure concentrations for process water constituents based on data from the project and from the literature. Progress toward completion of these goals is presented.

Bergman, H.L.; Anderson, A.D.

1977-12-01

38

SDM center technologies for accelerating scientific discoveries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the increasing volume and complexity of data produced by ultra-scale simulations and high-throughput experiments, understanding the science is largely hampered by the lack of comprehensive, end-to-end data management solutions ranging from initial data acquisition to final analysis and visualization. The SciDAC-1 Scientific Data Management (SDM) Center succeeded in bringing an initial set of advanced data management technologies to DOE application scientists in astrophysics, climate, fusion, and biology. Equally important, it established collaborations with these scientists to better understand their science as well as their forthcoming data management and data analytics challenges. Our future focus is on improving the SDM framework to address the needs of ultra-scale science during SciDAC-2. Specifically, we are enhancing and extending our existing tools to allow for more interactivity and fault tolerance when managing scientists' workflows, for better parallelism and feature extraction capabilities in their data analytics operations, and for greater efficiency and functionality in users' interactions with local parallel file systems, active storage, and access to remote storage. These improvements are necessary for the scalability and complexity challenges presented by hardware and applications at ultra scale, and are complemented by continued efforts to work with application scientists in various domains

2007-07-01

39

Biennial Research and Technology Development Report: Johnson Space Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Biennial Research and Technology Development Report is a compilation of advances in research and technology accomplished by Johnson Space Center (JSC) engineers and scientists. The articles contained within this report further JSC's and NASA's histori...

K. Lulla

2011-01-01

40

Information and Library Programs at the Technology Application Center (TAC).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Technology Application Center (TAC) at the University of New Mexico is one of six National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regional dissemination centers originally established to disseminate NASA technology to private industry on a regional basis. A fee is charged for TAC's services so it has been market oriented and has sought to…

Burch, Eugene

 
 
 
 
41

Science and Technology Centers (STC): Integrative Partnerships  

Science.gov (United States)

... operating, and managing the Center. PI Eligibility Limit: None Specified. Limit on Number of ... B. Budgetary Information Cost Sharing Requirements: Cost Sharing is Specialized. Please see the full ...

42

BROWNFIELDS TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT CENTER FACT SHEET  

Science.gov (United States)

A fact sheet that describes publications, technical support available to EPA Regions, States, and localities involved in Brownfields cleanup decisions to help understand technologies applicable to specific sites....

43

Technology Transfer Center | Standard Forms & Agreements  

Science.gov (United States)

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) are used to collaborate and develop technologies for commercialization. Research projects under a CRADA can span from basic research to clinical work.

44

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center  

Science.gov (United States)

This report discusses the following topics on fusion energy: cold fusion; alcator confinement experiments; applied plasma physics research; fusion systems; coherent electromagnetic wave generation; and fusion technology and engineering.

1989-07-01

45

Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) Center  

Science.gov (United States)

National consortium of educational institutions and organizations seeking to improve marine technology education. The website has an overview of marine technology with current status and future development, information on careers and educational and professional development opportunities. Some curriculum material is provided with more coming soon. Learn how to make your very own ROV. Additional information on ROV contests, workshops, and cost-associated teacher resources are available.

46

CREST: Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, a 501(c)(3) organization in Washington, DC, announces Solstice, a file server with state-of-the-art information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, the environment, and sustainable community development.

47

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma fusion center, technical research programs  

Science.gov (United States)

A review is given of the technical programs carried out by the Plasma Fusion Center. The major divisions of work areas are applied plasma research, confinement experiments, fusion technology and engineering, and fusion systems.

1980-08-01

48

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

49

A feasibility study for a manufacturing technology deployment center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Automation & Robotics Research Institute (ARRI) and the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy to determine the feasibility of a regional industrial technology institute to be located at the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Central Facility in Waxahachie, Texas. In response to this opportunity, ARRI and TEEX teamed with the DOE Kansas City Plant (managed by Allied Signal, Inc.), Los Alamos National Laboratory (managed by the University of California), Vought Aircraft Company, National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS), SSC Laboratory, KPMG Peat Marwick, Dallas County Community College, Navarro Community College, Texas Department of Commerce (TDOC), Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center (TMAC), Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology, Arkansas Science and Technology Authority, Louisiana Productivity Center, and the NASA Mid-Continent Technology Transfer Center (MCTTC) to develop a series of options, perform the feasibility analysis and secure industrial reviews of the selected concepts. The final report for this study is presented in three sections: Executive Summary, Business Plan, and Technical Plan. The results from the analysis of the proposed concept support the recommendation of creating a regional technology alliance formed by the states of Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana through the conversion of the SSC Central facility into a Manufacturing Technology Deployment Center (MTDC).

1994-10-31

50

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

51

Center for the Study of Technology and Society  

Science.gov (United States)

As issues about Internet surveillance and online copyright infringement as well as questions of human cloning and genetically-engineered foods increasingly feature in our national headlines, a Website such as the Washington-based Center for the Study of Technology and Society is a valuable resource for staying informed. The Website features sections entitled Government and Politics, Biotechnology, Special Focus on Who Watches the Web, National Security, Personal Security, Creativity, Convergence (defined as "the intersection of communication, computers, the Internet, invisible computing and television"), and more. These sections offer a wealth of annotated links to statistics, news, and commentary from publications, institutions, and advocacy organizations on the Internet, as well as statements by the Center's staff. The Center is a nonprofit think tank whose mission is "to emphasize and clarify the point that advances in technology are neither inherently good nor inherently evil - but that every new technology has the potential to cause problems, and the capacity to solve problems."

52

Sustainable Technology Research and Demonstration Center for Earth Structures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This is a discussion paper that the authors presented at the International Workshop on Rammed Earth Materials and Sustainable Structures and Hakka Tulou Forum 2011: Structures of Sustainability, 28–31 October 2011, Xiamen University, China. A Sustainable Technology Research and Demonstration Center for Earth Structures is proposed to study, preserve, advance, promote, and implement rammed earth structures. The Center concept including the objectives, scope of activities and benefits of ...

Judy Ueda; Minoru Ueda

2012-01-01

53

Technology and Innovation in Manufacturing & Engineering (TIME) Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Technology and Innovation in Manufacturing Education (TIME), an Advanced Technological Education (ATE) resource center, has the mission to "assist regional manufacturers to meet their current and future workforce needs, and to improve the technical and workplace support skills of new and existing technicians and workers." As part of their Manufacturing Curriculum (located in the "Training" section of the site), TIME has outlined curricular goals in the areas of Processing, Electronics/Instrumentation, Fabrication, and Industrial Maintenance. Also, in the "Resources & Events" section, visitors will find a calendar of events, links to a number of related organizations and to all other ATE resource centers.

2007-08-20

54

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Plasma Science & Fusion Center (PSFC)  

Science.gov (United States)

Considered one of the leaders in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Plasma Science & Fusion Center offers comprehensive information on the research being conducted at the center. Within the Physics Research section of the site, the Levitated Dipole Experiment Website provides details (including research documents) on the levitation of a half-ton superconducting ring as a means of exploring "the physics of plasma confinement in a magnetic dipole field." Other areas of research include the Alcator Project and a waves and beams division. A preprint archive, accessed by way of a link to the center's library, holds downloadable documents from 1997 to 1999.

55

Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing: Wiki Page  

Science.gov (United States)

The Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) provides this useful wiki page for the use by the educational community. The site includes a wealth of educational activities for middle and high school educators on a variety of topics related to the STEM disciplines, manufacturing, technology and engineering. The site also includes educational puzzles, help with career and education planning and resources for professional development.

2011-08-04

56

Savannah River Technology Center monthly report, March 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Short summaries are given on the status of projects within the Savannah River Technology Center covering the following broad topical areas: Tritium; Separations; Environmental studies; Waste management; and General. Studies listed under this last area include: Reactor support; Site robotics support; Robotics for D and D; Robotics for mixed waste operation; Integrated demonstration of an underground storage tank; and Alliance for the Advancement of Robotic Technology (AART).

NONE

1995-03-01

57

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... stabilization flexibility gait and locomotion relaxation muscle strength, power, and endurance Interventions used in Aquatic Physical Therapy ... Swimming Pool Foundation : NSPF.org Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : CDC.gov What is lifeguard lung? ...

58

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... assistive, adaptive, orthotic, protective, or supportive devices and equipment. The unique properties of the aquatic environment enhance ... Swimming Pool Foundation : NSPF.org Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : CDC.gov What is lifeguard lung? ...

59

SAVANNAH RIVER TECHNOLOGY CENTER MONTHLY REPORT AUGUST 1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

'This monthly report summarizes Programs and Accomplishments of the Savannah River Technology Center in support of activities at the Savannah River Site. The following categories are addressed: Reactor, Tritium, Separations, Environmental, Waste Management, General, and Items of Interest.'

Ferrell, J.M.

1999-06-21

60

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, Technical Research Programs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review is given of the technical programs carried out by the Plasma Fusion Center. The major divisions of work areas are applied plasma research, confinement experiments, fusion technology and engineering, and fusion systems. Some objectives and results of each program are described

1980-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, Technical Research Programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A review is given of the technical programs carried out by the Plasma Fusion Center. The major divisions of work areas are applied plasma research, confinement experiments, fusion technology and engineering, and fusion systems. Some objectives and results of each program are described. (MOW)

1980-08-01

62

The center for green technology. Centeret for groen teknik; Projektforslag  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Green Technology is a center for research and development related to ''ecological'' buildings, food production and waste management which is being developed at the Danish Center for Renewable Energy. One of its aims is to create a village which is independent of outside energy supply, which lives up to the ideals of an environment in balance with nature and where research in green technology can be carried out. It is hoped that this village will act as an example of a way of living which makes every effort to protect the environment. The ''Solar Bioshelter'' will be constructed to include a combination of offices, laboratories and a greenhouse. Each of these buildings are described in detail and the text is illustrated with diagrams. (AB).

1990-01-01

63

Establishing technology development centers at closing California bases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The challenges posed by remediating closing bases offers a special opportunity for California`s environmental technology companies, former defense contractors and Californians in general. One of the most important factors in the successful remediation and reuse of closing bases is the development of new cleanup technologies. At present, there is no method for effectively remediating some kinds of contamination found at military bases. Cal/EPA is in the process of working with the Western Governors` Association Wastes at Military Bases Workgroup to create a strategic plan that will integrate federal, state and local technology development programs. The proposed strategic plan will include a blueprint to help guide proposed technology development centers in California to a portion of the market yet to be addressed by other centers within the state, thus eliminating intra-state competition for the same market. By addressing this issue in a proactive manner, California will demonstrate to the federal government that tax dollars utilized to support technology development centers sited at closing California bases will be present in an efficient and cost effective manner.

Wood, P.J. [Office of Military Facilities, Sacramento, CA (United States). Dept. of Toxic Substances Control

1994-12-31

64

Ion Propulsion Technology Programs at NASA Glenn Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

As lead center for the agency in electric and ion propulsion, the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is pursuing technology development in ion propulsion for a range of mission applications. The program goal is to develop key technologies for advanced NSTAR-derivative high-power ion propulsion, lightweight low power high-performance ion propulsion, 'micro' ion propulsion, and engine and component technologies for high-power electric propulsion for very ambitious missions. Products include: (1) a 5 kW, 400 kg throughput ion thruster and power processing technology; (2) extremely-lightweight high-efficiency sub-kilowatt ion thruster and power processor; (3) a 1-25 W high-specific impulse ion engine; and (4) engine and component technologies for high-power (30 kW class) ion and Hall engines. Identified applications include outer planetary science missions such as Europa orbiter/lander, Comet Nucleus Sample Return mission, Titan Explorer, Neptune/Triton, Pluto-Kuiper Belt Objects Mission, various second generation interplanetary Micro spacecraft, and the Interstellar Probe Mission. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Patterson, M. J.; Oleson, S. R.

2001-01-01

65

SciDAC visualization and analytics center for enabling technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET) focuses on leveraging scientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technology have resulted in an 'information big bang,' which in turn has created a significant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporary science. The vision of VACET is to adapt, extend, create when necessary, and deploy visual data analysis solutions that are responsive to the needs of DOE's computational and experimental scientists. Our center is engineered to be directly responsive to those needs and to deliver solutions for use in DOE's large open computing facilities. The research and development directly target data understanding problems provided by our scientific application stakeholders. VACET draws from a diverse set of visualization technology ranging from production quality applications and application frameworks to state-of-the-art algorithms for visualization, analysis, analytics, data manipulation, and data management

2007-07-01

66

SciDAC visualization and analytics center for enabling technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET) focuses on leveraging scientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technology have resulted in an 'information big bang,' which in turn has created a significant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporary science. The vision of VACET is to adapt, extend, create when necessary, and deploy visual data analysis solutions that are responsive to the needs of DOE's computational and experimental scientists. Our center is engineered to be directly responsive to those needs and to deliver solutions for use in DOE's large open computing facilities. The research and development directly target data understanding problems provided by our scientific application stakeholders. VACET draws from a diverse set of visualization technology ranging from production quality applications and application frameworks to state-of-the-art algorithms for visualization, analysis, analytics, data manipulation, and data management.

Bethel, E Wes [Computing Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, The University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-8139 (United States); Johnson, Chris [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, 72 S. Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Joy, Ken [Institute for Data Analysis and Visualization, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8562 (United States); Ahern, Sean [National Center for Computational Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, One Bethel Valley Road, PO Box 2008 MS-6016, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Pascucci, Valerio [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-561, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Childs, Hank [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-561, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Cohen, Jonathan; Duchaineau, Mark [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-561, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Hamann, Bernd [Institute for Data Analysis and Visualization, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8562 (United States); Hansen, Charles; Parker, Steven; Silva, Claudio; Sanderson, Allen; Tricoche, Xavier [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, 72 S. Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Laney, Dan [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-561, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Lindstrom, Peter [Center for Applied Scientific Computing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-561, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Meredith, Jeremy; Ostrouchov, George [National Center for Computational Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, One Bethel Valley Road, PO Box 2008 MS-6016, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2007-07-15

67

Role of small nuclear research centers in technology transfer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Originally the task of the large nuclear research centers of the leading industrial nations was to develop complete reactor systems from basic principles to prototype power plants and to transfer the newly developed technologies to their country's industry for commercial utilization. The start of nuclear power plant construction in the smaller industrial countries offered the nuclear research centers an opportunity to utilize their accumulated experiences and to transfer them to industry, electricity suppliers, and public institutions. The developing countries must also purchase nuclear power plants and installations for the fuel cycle from leading industralized nations. The main support from smaller industrial countries in the transfer of technology lies in strengthening the staff infrastructure of developing countries and joint projects

1977-04-14

68

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Technical Progress Report describes progress made on the eight sub-projects awarded in the first year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT41091: Establishment of the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual sub-project Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices. Due to the time taken up by the solicitation/selection process, these cover the initial 6-month period of activity only.

Hugh W. Rimmer

2003-07-01

69

Establishment of the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Final Technical Report covers the eight sub-projects awarded in the first year and the five projects awarded in the second year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT41091: Establishment of the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual sub-project Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices.

Christopher E. Hull

2006-09-30

70

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, Technical Research Programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report gives a summary of Plasma Fusion Center research activities. Particular emphasis is placed on describing (a) technical progress during the past year, (b) future plans, and (c) research programs and objectives at the individual research group level. In particular, the report covers the following: (1) applied plasma physics, (2) toroidal confinement experiments, (3) mirror confinement experiments, (4) fusion technology and engineering, and (5) fusion systems.

1984-01-01

71

Distance Learning With NASA Lewis Research Center's Learning Technologies Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Lewis Research Center's Learning Technologies Project (LTP) has responded to requests from local school district technology coordinators to provide content for videoconferencing workshops. Over the past year we have offered three teacher professional development workshops that showcase NASA Lewis-developed educational products and NASA educational Internet sites. In order to determine the direction of our involvement with distance learning, the LTP staff conducted a survey of 500 U.S. schools. We received responses from 72 schools that either currently use distance learning or will be using distance learning in 98-99 school year. The results of the survey are summarized in the article. In addition, the article provides information on distance learners, distance learning technologies, and the NASA Lewis LTP videoconferencing workshops. The LTP staff will continue to offer teacher development workshops through videoconferencing during the 98-99 school year. We hope to add workshops on new educational products as they are developed at NASA Lewis.

Petersen, Ruth

1998-01-01

72

Publications in academic medical centers: technology-facilitated culture clash.  

Science.gov (United States)

Academic culture has a set of norms, expectations, and values that are sometimes tacit and sometimes very explicit. In medical school and other health professions educational settings, probably the most common norm includes placing a high value on peer-reviewed research publications, which are seen as the major evidence of scholarly productivity. Other features of academic culture include encouraging junior faculty and graduate students to share their research results at professional conferences and lecturing with slides as a major way to convey information. Major values that faculty share with journal editors include responsible conduct of research and proper attribution of others' words and ideas. Medical school faculty also value technology and are often quick to embrace technological advances that can assist them in their teaching and research. This article addresses the effects of technology on three aspects of academic culture: education, presentations at professional meetings, and research publications.The technologies discussed include online instruction, dissemination of conference proceedings on the Internet, plagiarism-detection software, and new technologies deployed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the home of PubMed. The author describes how the ease of deploying new technologies without faculty changing their norms and behavior in the areas of teaching and research can lead to conflicts of values among key stakeholders in the academic medical community, including faculty, journal editors, and professional associations. The implications of these conflicts and strategies for managing them are discussed. PMID:24667517

Berner, Eta S

2014-05-01

73

Introducing Aquatic Biology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Inter-Research Science Center (IR) journalsMarine Ecology Progress Series (MEPS) and AquaticMicrobial Ecology (AME) have been receiving increasingnumbers of high-quality manuscripts that are principallybiological, rather than ecological. With regret,we have had to turn these submissions away. Also,leading limnologists have for many years suggestedthat IR should provide an outlet for top quality articleson freshwater biology and ecology. Aquatic Biology(AB) fills these gaps.

Kinne, Otto; Browman, Howard I.; Seaman, Matthias

2007-01-01

74

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. is the largest producer of mining products in the world. In 1999, U.S. mining operations produced $66.7 billion worth of raw materials that contributed a total of $533 billion to the nation's wealth. Despite these contributions, the mining industry has not been well supported with research and development funds as compared to mining industries in other countries. To overcome this problem, the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies (CAST) was established by Virginia Tech and West Virginia University to develop technologies that can be used by the U.S. mining industry to create new products, reduce production costs, and meet environmental regulations. Much of the research to be carried out at CAST will be longer-term, high-risk, basic research, and will be carried out in four broad areas: (a) Solid-solid separation; (b) Solid-liquid separation; (c) Chemical/Biological extraction; and (d) Sensor and control development. This Technical Progress Report describes progress made on the eight sub-projects awarded in the first year and the five projects awarded in the second year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT41091: Establishment of the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual subproject Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices.

Christopher E. Hull

2005-01-30

75

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Technical Progress Report describes progress made on the eight sub-projects awarded in the first year and the five projects awarded in the second year of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT41091: Establishment of the Center for Advanced Separation Technologies. This work is summarized in the body of the main report: the individual subproject Technical Progress Reports are attached as Appendices. Due to the time taken up by the solicitation/selection process (approx. six months), the second year project TPR's cover the initial 6-month period of activity only.

Hugh W. Rimmer

2004-04-30

76

The 1991 research and technology report, Goddard Space Flight Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The 1991 Research and Technology Report for Goddard Space Flight Center is presented. Research covered areas such as (1) earth sciences including upper atmosphere, lower atmosphere, oceans, hydrology, and global studies; (2) space sciences including solar studies, planetary studies, Astro-1, gamma ray investigations, and astrophysics; (3) flight projects; (4) engineering including robotics, mechanical engineering, electronics, imaging and optics, thermal and cryogenic studies, and balloons; and (5) ground systems, networks, and communications including data and networks, TDRSS, mission planning and scheduling, and software development and test.

Soffen, Gerald (editor); Ottenstein, Howard (editor); Montgomery, Harry (editor); Truszkowski, Walter (editor); Frost, Kenneth (editor); Sullivan, Walter (editor); Boyle, Charles (editor)

1991-01-01

77

National Wind Technology Center sitewide, Golden, CO: Environmental assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the nation`s primary solar and renewable energy research laboratory, proposes to expand its wind technology research and development program activities at its National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Golden, Colorado. NWTC is an existing wind energy research facility operated by NREL for the US Department of Energy (DOE). Proposed activities include the construction and reuse of buildings and facilities, installation of up to 20 wind turbine test sites, improvements in infrastructure, and subsequent research activities, technology testing, and site operations. In addition to wind turbine test activities, NWTC may be used to support other NREL program activities and small-scale demonstration projects. This document assesses potential consequences to resources within the physical, biological, and human environment, including potential impacts to: air quality, geology and soils, water resources, biological resources, cultural and historic resources, socioeconomic resources, land use, visual resources, noise environment, hazardous materials and waste management, and health and safety conditions. Comment letters were received from several agencies in response to the scoping and predecisional draft reviews. The comments have been incorporated as appropriate into the document with full text of the letters contained in the Appendices. Additionally, information from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site on going sitewide assessment of potential environmental impacts has been reviewed and discussed by representatives of both parties and incorporated into the document as appropriate.

NONE

1996-11-01

78

The Savannah River Technology Center environmental monitoring field test platform  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nearly all industrial facilities have been responsible for introducing synthetic chemicals into the environment. The Savannah River Site is no exception. Several areas at the site have been contaminated by chlorinated volatile organic chemicals. Because of the persistence and refractory nature of these contaminants, a complete clean up of the site will take many years. A major focus of the mission of the Environmental Sciences Section of the Savannah River Technology Center is to develop better, faster, and less expensive methods for characterizing, monitoring, and remediating the subsurface. These new methods can then be applied directly at the Savannah River Site and at other contaminated areas in the United States and throughout the world. The Environmental Sciences Section has hosted field testing of many different monitoring technologies over the past two years primarily as a result of the Integrated Demonstration Program sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Technology Development. This paper provides an overview of some of the technologies that have been demonstrated at the site and briefly discusses the applicability of these techniques

1993-02-24

79

Research and technology, fiscal year 1986, Marshall Space Flight Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Marshall Space Flight Center is continuing its vigorous efforts in space-related research and technology. Extensive activities in advanced studies have led to the approval of the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle as a new start. Significant progress was made in definition studies of liquid rocket engine systems for future space transportation needs and the conceptualization of advanced laucnch vehicles. The space systems definition studies have brought the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility and Gravity Probe-B to a high degree of maturity. Both are ready for project implementation. Also discussed include significant advances in low gravity sciences, solar terrestrial physics, high energy astrophysics, atmospheric sciences, propulsion systems, and on the critical element of the Space Shuttle Main Engine in particular. The goals of improving the productivity of high-cost repetitive operations on reusable transportation systems, and extending the useful life of such systems are examined. The research and technology highlighted provides a foundation for progress on the Hubble Space Telescope, the Space Station, all elements of the Space Transportation System, and the many other projects assigned to this Center.

1986-01-01

80

Integrating Omic Technologies into Aquatic Ecological Risk Assessment and Environmental Monitoring: Hurdles, Achievements and Future Outlook  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: In this commentary we present the findings from an international consortium on fish toxicogenomics sponsored by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) with a remit of moving omic technologies into chemical risk assessment and environmental monitoring. Obj...

 
 
 
 
81

Systems analysis support to the waste management technology center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes a systems analysis concept being developed in support of waste management planning and analysis activities for Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), sites. This integrated systems model serves as a focus for the accumulation and documentation of technical and economic information from current waste management practices, improved operations projects, remedial actions, and new system development activities. The approach is generic and could be applied to a larger group of sites. This integrated model is a source of technical support to waste management groups in the Energy Systems complex for integrated waste management planning and related technology assessment activities. This problem-solving methodology for low-level waste (LLW) management is being developed through the Waste Management Technology Center (WMTC) for the Low-Level Waste Disposal, Development, and Demonstration (LLWDDD) Program. In support of long-range planning activities, this capability will include the development of management support tools such as specialized systems models, data bases, and information systems. These management support tools will provide continuing support in the identification and definition of technical and economic uncertainties to be addressed by technology demonstration programs. Technical planning activities and current efforts in the development of this system analysis capability for the LLWDDD Program are presented in this paper

1988-10-03

82

Organizational Cultural Assessment of the Energy Technology Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Cultural Assessment (OCA) was performed at the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) by administering an Organizational Culture Survey (OCS) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various aspects of communication, employee commitment to ETEC, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, and overall job satisfaction. A description of each of the scales used to assess these subjects is discussed below. The primary purpose of administering the survey was to attempt to measure, in a more quantitative and objective way the notion of organizational culture,'' that is, the values, attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In particular, those aspects of the working environment which are believed to be important influences on the operations of a facility and on the safety issues relevant to the organization were assessed. This document describes the results of this survey. 9 refs., 22 figs., 7 tabs.

1991-04-01

83

An organizational survey of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Survey (OS) was administrated at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various aspects of communications, employee commitment, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety, and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, safety and overall job satisfaction. The purpose of the OS is to measure in a quantitative and objective way the notion of culture''; that is, the values attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In addition, through the OS, a broad sample of individuals can be reached that would probably not be interviewed or observed during the course of a typical assessment. The OS also provides a descriptive profile of the organization at one point in time that can then be compared to a profile taken at a different point in time to assess changes in the culture of the organization.

Stock, D.A.; Shurberg, D.A.; Haber, S.B.

1991-09-01

84

An organizational survey of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Survey (OS) was administrated at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various aspects of communications, employee commitment, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety, and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, safety and overall job satisfaction. The purpose of the OS is to measure in a quantitative and objective way the notion of ``culture``; that is, the values attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In addition, through the OS, a broad sample of individuals can be reached that would probably not be interviewed or observed during the course of a typical assessment. The OS also provides a descriptive profile of the organization at one point in time that can then be compared to a profile taken at a different point in time to assess changes in the culture of the organization.

Stock, D.A.; Shurberg, D.A.; Haber, S.B.

1991-09-01

85

Florida Advanced Technology Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Florida Advanced Technology Education Center for Manufacturing is dedicated to the creation of a manufacturing education system that offers "technical programs, curriculum development, best practice demonstrations, and student training" required to create a workforce with high performance skills to fill the needs of the ever-growing manufacturing industry. To that end, its website provides multi-media projects and activities as well asfaculty support that help develop current skills which are in demand inthe industry. These projects and activities could be used in largelecture courses or in small groups. This website would be ideal forteachers seeking to update or create from scratch manufacturing courses,and for students seek to develop a skill set that will be required of them in the job market.

2007-05-30

86

50-years history of Nuclear Technology and Education Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarizes the 50 years activities that Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has conducted since its first training course started at Radioisotope School of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the predecessor of NuTEC, in 1958. NuTEC was founded in October, 2005, when JAEA was established by consolidation of JAERI and Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC). This report consists of the brief summary of NuTEC's activities both before and after the consolidation, and contributed articles written by 41 people who have been involved with the NuTEC's training activities in 50 years, as lecturers, trainees, and technical or administrative staff of NuTEC. (author)

2009-01-01

87

Technology transfer program at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center: FY 87 program report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), located in Morgantown, West Virginia, is an energy research center of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Fossil Energy. The research and development work is different from research work conducted by other Government agencies. In DOE research, the Government is not the ultimate ''customer'' for the technologies developed; the ''customer'' is business and industry in the private sector. Thus, tehcnology transfer is a fundamental goal of the DOE. The mission of the Fossil Energy program is to enhance the use of the nations's fossil energy resources. METC's mission applies to certain technologies within the broad scope of technologies encompassed by the Office of Fossil Energy. The Government functions as an underwriter of risk and as a catalyst to stimulate the development of technologies and technical information that might otherwise proceed at a slower pace because of the high-risk nature of the research involved. The research programs and priorities are industry driven; the purpose is to address the perceived needs of industry such that industry will ultimately bring the technologies to the commercial market. As evidenced in this report, METC has an active and effective technology transfer program that is incorporated into all aspects of project planning and execution. Technology transfer at METC is a way of life---a part of everyday activities to further this goal. Each person has a charge to communicate the ideas from within METC to those best able to utilize that information. 4 figs., 20 tabs.

Brown, W.A.; Lessing, K.B.

1987-10-01

88

Technology Transfer and Knowledge Management in Technological Innovation Center: A Case Study in Brazil  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this paper was to analyze the knowledge management in the process of technology transfer in a technological innovation center, known in Brazil as NIT. The used methodology included a qualitative approach. It was a case study of a Nucleus which is in a State University located in the south of Bahia state, Brazil. The results showed that this specific Nucleus presents a fine infrastructure regarding the legal regulation, based on the Federal Law of Innovation nº 10.973 and on th...

Luan Carlos Santos Silva; João Luiz Kovaleski; Silvia Gaia; Manon Garcia; Pedro Paulo Andrade Júnior

2013-01-01

89

Business of Nuclear Safety Analysis Office, Nuclear Technology Test Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Technology Test Center established the Nuclear Safety Analysis Office to execute newly the works concerning nuclear safety analysis in addition to the works related to the proving tests of nuclear machinery and equipments. The regulations for the Nuclear Safety Analysis Office concerning its organization, business and others were specially decided, and it started the business formally in August, 1980. It is a most important subject to secure the safety of nuclear facilities in nuclear fuel cycle as the premise of developing atomic energy. In Japan, the strict regulation of safety is executed by the government at each stage of the installation, construction, operation and maintenance of nuclear facilities, based on the responsibility for the security of installers themselves. The Nuclear Safety Analysis Office was established as the special organ to help the safety examination related to the installation of nuclear power stations and others by the government. It improves and puts in order the safety analysis codes required for the cross checking in the safety examination, and carries out safety analysis calculation. It is operated by the cooperation of the Science and Technology Agency and the Agency of Natural Resources and Energy. The purpose of establishment, the operation and the business of the Nuclear Safety Analysis Office, the plan of improving and putting in order of analysis codes, and the state of the similar organs in foreign countries are described. (Kako, I.)

1981-01-01

90

Aquatic Plants  

Science.gov (United States)

This site provides high level descriptions of aquatic plant life and excellent photos of common aquatic plants. Phytoplankton, macrophytes, fungi and lichens are also featured. While the text would be difficult for elementary children, a teacher could use this site for reference, and the photos would be of great interest to students.

Hebert, P.

91

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and techniques unique to the aquatic environment. Abbreviated Definition of Aquatic Physical Therapy: Aquatic Physical Therapy is ... and integumentary (skin) diseases, disorders, or conditions. Abbreviated Definition of Aquatic Physical Therapists: Aquatic Physical Therapists are ...

92

An Organizational Cultural Assessment of the Morgantown Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Cultural Assessment (OCA) was performed at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) by administering an Organizational Culture Survey (OCS) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various aspects of communications, employee commitment, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety, and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, safety and overall job satisfaction. The purpose of the OCS is to measure in a quantitative and objective way the notion of culture;'' that is, the values, attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In addition, through the OCS, a broad sample of individuals can be reached that would probably not be interviewed or observed during the course of a typical assessment. The OCA also provides a descriptive profile of the organization at one point in time that can then be compared to a profile taken at a different point in time to assess changes in the culture of the organization. 9 refs., 33 figs., 6 tabs.

Crouch, D.A.; Haber, S.B.

1991-06-01

93

Organizational Cultural Assessment of the Morgantown Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Cultural Assessment (OCA) was performed at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) by administering an Organizational Culture Survey (OCS) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various aspects of communications, employee commitment, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety, and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, safety and overall job satisfaction. The purpose of the OCS is to measure in a quantitative and objective way the notion of culture; '' that is, the values, attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In addition, through the OCS, a broad sample of individuals can be reached that would probably not be interviewed or observed during the course of a typical assessment. The OCA also provides a descriptive profile of the organization at one point in time that can than be compared to a profile taken at a different point in time to assess changes in the culture of the organization. 9 refs., 33 figs., 6 tabs.

1991-06-01

94

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings from the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) conducted December 7--11, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Individual team specialists are outside experts being supplied by a private contractor. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with PETC. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. This phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at PETC, and interviews with site personnel. The Survey team developed a Sampling and Analysis (S A) Plan to assist in further assessing certain environmental problems identified during its on-site Survey activities at PETC. The S A Plan will be executed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). When completed, the Plan's results will be incorporated into the PETC Survey findings for inclusion into the Environmental Survey Summary Report. 64 refs., 23 figs., 29 tabs.

1988-09-01

95

Gas Appliance Technology Center. Annual report, January 1985-December 1985  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report reviews the activity during the third year of Gas Research Insitute's Gas Appliance Technology Center program. The report highlights the work done in assessing, evaluating, developing and demonstrating improved concepts in the areas of gas-fired residential/commercial appliances and residential/commercial space-conditioning systems. Specific development work pertaining to low-NOx ovens, commercial steamers and doughnut fryers is described. The extensive work done on corrosion of heat exchangers, removal of NO/sub 2/ from indoor air, emissions and venting, characterization of space heaters and development of advanced burner systems is covered. The results of several studies and laboratory evaluations of state-of-the-art appliances, including integrated appliances, performance test procedures, use of 2 psig gas in residential distribution systems, use of plumbing vents for venting flue products, schoolroom heaters and Btu meters are presented. Information is included on the Energy Research House, recently acquired in the Chicago area, and the characterization studies proposed on this and other houses.

Jayaraman, V.

1987-08-01

96

Turbine Inflow Characterization at the National Wind Technology Center: Preprint  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Utility-scale wind turbines operate in dynamic flows that can vary significantly over timescales from less than a second to several years. To better understand the inflow to utility-scale turbines, two inflow towers were installed and commissioned at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, in 2011. These towers are 135 m tall and instrumented with a combination of sonic anemometers, cup anemometers, wind vanes, and temperature measurements to characterize the inflow wind speed and direction, turbulence, stability and thermal stratification to two utility-scale turbines. Herein, we present variations in mean and turbulent wind parameters with height, atmospheric stability, and as a function of wind direction that could be important for turbine operation as well as persistence of turbine wakes. Wind speed, turbulence intensity, and dissipation are all factors that affect turbine performance. Our results shown that these all vary with height across the rotor disk, demonstrating the importance of measuring atmospheric conditions that influence wind turbine performance at multiple heights in the rotor disk, rather than relying on extrapolation from lower levels.

Clifton, A.; Schreck, S.; Scott, G.; Kelley, N.; Lundquist, J.

2012-01-01

97

The nuclear technology training center of the TUEV Nord Group  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Technology Training Center of the TUeV Nord Group is used to optimize the organization's training of staff in its nuclear fields. This is to ensure that know-how will be preserved despite the phasing-out of nuclear activities in the Federal Republic of Germany and an imminent change of generations among expert consultants. There will be a continuing need for well trained experts because decommissioning work and the residual plant life periods as calculated form electricity quotas clearly exceed the phase of the shift in generations among expert consultants. Staff from different areas of expertise are prepared for working on complex nuclear problems, one important aspect being the interaction among the areas of competence involved. The curriculum offers nuclear knowledge as well as specialized knowledge in various disciplines. Training is offered not only in the format of seminars but also on the job. After all, on-the-job training is irreplaceable as it conveys specialized knowledge important in specific jobs and subjects. (orig.)

2003-02-01

98

Texas Manufacturing Technology Center feasibility study for the Inland Regional Industrial Technology Institute  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document presents the Texas Manufacturing Technology Center (TMTC) Business Plan to convert the Central Facility of the Superconducting Super Collider project to alternate uses. The plan is divided into six sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Market and Benefit Analysis, (3) Marketing Strategy, (4) Services, (5) Organization and Operations Overview, and (6) Financial Plan. Each area is supported by separate documents that address individual opportunities and challenges associated with transitioning the facility, and its asset base to new uses for benefit of the locality, state, region and nation

1994-01-01

99

Texas Manufacturing Technology Center feasibility study for the Inland Regional Industrial Technology Institute  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document presents the Texas Manufacturing Technology Center (TMTC) Business Plan to convert the Central Facility of the Superconducting Super Collider project to alternate uses. The plan is divided into six sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Market and Benefit Analysis, (3) Marketing Strategy, (4) Services, (5) Organization and Operations Overview, and (6) Financial Plan. Each area is supported by separate documents that address individual opportunities and challenges associated with transitioning the facility, and its asset base to new uses for benefit of the locality, state, region and nation.

NONE

1994-10-31

100

Energy from aquatic biomass  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aquatic biomass is considered as a second (or third) generation option for the production of bio fuels. The best utilization for energy purposes is not its direct combustion. Several technologies are available for the extraction of compounds that may find application for the production of gaseous fuels (biogas, dihydrogen) or liquid fuels (ethanol, bio oil, biodiesel).

2009-06-01

 
 
 
 
101

An organizational cultural assessment of the Energy Technology Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An Organizational Cultural Assessment (OCA) was performed at the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) by administering an Organizational Culture Survey (OCS) that queried employees on the subjects of organizational culture, various species of communication, employee commitment to ETEC, work group cohesion, coordination of work, environmental, safety and health concerns, hazardous nature of work, and overall job satisfaction. A description of each of the scales used to assess these subjects is discussed. The primary purpose of administering the survey was to attempt to measure, in a more quantitative and objective way the notion of organizational culture, '' that is, the values, attitudes, and beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. In particular, those aspects of the working environment which are believed to be important influences on the operations of a facility and on the safety issues relevant to the organization were assessed. In addition, by conducting a survey, a broad sampling of the individuals in the organization can be obtained. This is especially important when the survey is utilized in conjunction with an assessment or inspection team which typically has only a limited amount of resources to address many issues. The OCS provides a broad, but more comprehensive picture of the organization by querying a much larger number of individuals than could be reached through the assessment team alone. Finally, the OCS provides a descriptive profile of the organization at one point in time. This profile can then can be used as a baseline point against which comparisons of other points in time can be made. Such comparisons may prove valuable and would help to assess changes in the organizational culture. Comparisons of the profiles can also be made across similar facilities. 9 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

Haber, S.B.; Crouch, D.A.

1991-04-01

102

Planning nuclear energy centers under technological and demand uncertainty  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The question considered is whether new nuclear power plants should be located in nuclear energy centers, or ''power parks'' with co-located fabrication and reprocessing facilities. That issue has been addressed in a recent study by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and remains under investigation at Brookhaven and elsewhere. So far, however, the advisability of this policy has been analyzed primarily within the framework of a single view of the future. Suggestions of the types of questions that should be asked regarding this policy if it is properly to be viewed as an example of decision making under uncertainty are made. It is concluded that ''A consideration of the various uncertainties involved in the question of dispersed vs. remote siting of energy facilities introduces a number of new elements into the analysis. On balance those considerations provide somewhat greater support for the clustered concept. The NEC approach seems to provide somewhat greater flexibility in accomodating possible future electricity generating technologies. Increased regulatory and construction efficiencies possible in an NEC reduces the impact of demand uncertainty as does the lower costs associated with construction acceleration or deceleration.'' It is also noted that, in the final analysis, ''it is the public's perception of the relative costs and benefits of a measure that determine the acceptability or unacceptability of a particular innovation,'' not the engineer's cost/benefit analysis. It is further noted that if the analysis can identify limits on analytical methods and models, it will not make the job of energy decision-making any easier, but it may make the process more responsive to its impact on society

1976-04-02

103

Centeret for groen teknik. Projektforslag. (Center for green technology. Suggested project).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Green Technology is a center for research and development related to ''ecological'' buildings, food production and waste management which is being developed at the Danish Center for Renewable Energy. One of its aims is to create a village w...

1990-01-01

104

Computational Structures Technology and UVA Center for CST.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid advances in computer hardware have had a profound effect on various engineering and mechanics disciplines, including the materials, structures, and dynamics disciplines. A new technology, computational structures technology (CST), has recently emerg...

A. K. Noor

1992-01-01

105

Science and Technology at a High Throughput Genome Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Genome Center (GC) at Washington University School of Medicine has developed a state of the art genomics facility. Our scientists work on a variety of cutting edge projects with researchers from around the world. These collaborative research projects lead to cutting edge advances in the field of genomics. The structural organization at the GC reflects these efforts and is centered around six major scientific areas: Transcriptome Sequencing, Genome Assembly, Whole Genome Sequencing, Human ...

2011-01-01

106

7. Annual seminar of the scientific initiation of the Center for Development of Nuclear Technology. Abstracts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This seminar presents the Scientific Initiation Program developed at the CDTN - Brazilian Center for the Development of Nuclear Technology and focuses on activities of the sectors of: radiopharmaceutical production; radiation applied to health; waste management; structural integrity; environment; nanotechnology and nuclear materials; reactor technology; mineral technology; reactor and analytical techniques

2012-11-07

107

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Reimbursement Issues FAQs General FAQs What is "aquatic physical therapy" Aquatic Physical Therapy Aquatic Physical Therapy is the ... or written follow-up information required. Is aquatic physical therapy effective? While there is considerable research effectively documenting ...

108

KBTAC [Knowledge-Based Technology Application Center] - The EPRI [Electric Power Research Institute]-sponsored knowledge-based technology application center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has announced the establishment of the Knowledge-Based Technology Application Center (KBTAC), whose goal is to assist member utilities with expert system technology and applications. The center, established November 7, 1989, is located on the campus of Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, and will be operated jointly by Kaman Sciences Corporation and the university. The mission of the KBTAC is to assist EPRI member utilities to develop, test, and transfer expert systems into nuclear power plant operations, maintenance, and administration

1990-06-01

109

Developing US EPA`s environmental technology cooperation center: A new approach to Foster technology transfer partnerships  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents a conceptual framework and approach for establishing the US Environmental Protections Agency`s (EPA) environmental technology cooperation center. The topic is introduced with background information on events leading to the development and implementation of the center and brief overviews of the domestic and global environmental industries. The paper assesses several US environmental technology transfer programs and identifies significant, innovative, and instructive technology transfer methods which offer constructive models for the center. This examination focuses on several modes of public-private interaction required to facilitate the transfer of US environmental technologies into the international marketplace. Specific case studies of environmental technology cooperation initiatives include: the US-Asian Environmental Partnership (AEP), the US Environmental Training Institute (US ETI) and the recent International Environmental Technology Business Action Conference, which took place in Moscow last month. This information forms a basis for defining the needs, gaps and opportunities for the technology cooperation center. Technology transfer and cooperation programs must respond to a range of changing needs and requirements in the increasingly competitive and sophisticated global economy of the 1990`s. The environmental technology cooperation center concept developed by the US EPA offers an approach for enhancing public-private sector partnerships to improve domestic industry collaborations and enhance trans-national team-building. An innovative approach by EPA, in collaboration with other agencies and the private sector, can lead to the rapid introduction of a global network of national and regional centers to foster international environmental cooperation and team-building in the years ahead.

Burke, C.J.

1994-12-31

110

Bioconversion technology at the Oregon Graduate Center, 2nd year  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the future biomass technologies should prove to be among the most economically feasible developments of large-scale biotechnology. There is enormous potential for the production of fuels, chemicals and other materials from renewable biomass resources utilizing advanced technologies in biochemistry, genetics and bioengineering. During the past year, OGC has utilized congressionally mandated funds administered by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the US Department of Energy to initiate a program in Bioconversion Technology. This document describes biomass research and constitutes a proposal for the second year of support for this program.

Gold, M.H.

1988-04-27

111

Bioconversion Technology at the Oregon Graduate Center, 2nd Year.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the future biomass technologies should prove to be among the most economically feasible developments of large-scale biotechnology. There is enormous potential for the production of fuels, chemicals and other materials from renewable biomass resources u...

M. H. Gold

1988-01-01

112

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Pilot Subcommittees - Information Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

With the evolution of cutting edge biomedical technology and the resultant explosion of data in healthcare, health delivery organizations across the country have struggled with the best way to integrate old with new and utilize the data in a meaningful manner. This often requires costly investments, organizational change management and new workflows, policies and procedures to assimilate technology and impact care. This offers unique challenges to community based healthcare organizations that experience multiple barriers to acquisition and implementation.

113

Cryogenic rocket engine research within the national technology program Tekan at the German aerospace center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper presents the highlights and a summary report of the research activities on cryogenic propulsion at the German Aerospace Center in Lampoldshausen within the National Technology Program. The research is conducted in cooperation with European industries and research establishments. The German National Technology Programme on Cryogenic Rocket Engines TEKAN, which is presented here, is a joint DLR/Astrium GmbH project with the aim to provide key technologies for future cryogenic rocket engines. The research work at the German Aerospace Center is focused on the injector, combustor, and nozzle technology and related topics. (authors)

Mayer, W.O.H. [German Aerospace Center, DLR, Space Propulsion, Hardthausen a.K. (Germany)

2001-06-01

114

Consolidating Two NSF Online Materials and Information Resource Centers for Manufacturing and Engineering Technology Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation describes the plan for the future of the Manufacturing and Engineering Resource Center (MERC Online), which integrates two existing National Science Foundation electronic clearinghouses for manufacturing and engineering technology educators.

2009-09-22

115

National Automotive Center (NAC) Overview & Green Technology Initiatives: Visit by Agency for Defense Development, South Korea.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mission: The Center will serve as the Army focal point for the development of dual-use automotive technologies and their application to military ground vehicles. It will focus on facilitating joint efforts between industry, government and academia in basi...

P. F. Skalny

2010-01-01

116

Semi-annual report of Nuclear Technology and Development Center (CDTN) - July to December 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main activities developed by the several divisions of Nuclear Technology Development Center (CDTN) are described, including areas of reactor tecnologies, fuel cycle, materials and component, nuclear safety and tecnical substructure. (C.G.C.)

1989-01-01

117

THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BRAZILIAN CALL CENTERS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Call centers (CCs) show an evolution over the course of time. There is an intensive use of technology in CCs, although not always a positive side. The article is based on a survey carried out among the 103 Brazilian companies that have come (falta algum complemento, não conseguimos entender a frase) and call center services and seeks to verify the contribution of technology in four distinct dimensions: cost reduction, customer relations, communication channels and monitoring of employees. Th...

Paulo Roberto Gião; Felipe Mendes Borini; Moacir de Miranda Oliveira Júnior

2010-01-01

118

Teaching the originator to make whoopie. [ORNL Engineering Technology Division Word Processing Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A small Word Processing (Whoopie) Center was established in March 1979, as part of the Engineering Technology Division (ETD), Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Reports preparation information revealed many training items for editors and word processors but none for informing the author. The ETD Word Processing Center has begun a series of sessions with each section in ETD to help originators become more familiar with the Center and its equipment. 5 figures.

1980-01-01

119

76 FR 68220 - Navistar Truck Development and Technology Center; a Subsidiary of Navistar International...  

Science.gov (United States)

...TA-W-75,151; TA-W-75,151A] Navistar Truck Development and Technology Center; a Subsidiary of Navistar International Corporation Truck Division, 2911 Meyer Road, Including...Personnel, Inc. Fort Wayne, IN; Navistar Truck Reliability Center, a Subsidiary of...

2011-11-03

120

76 FR 39811 - International Center for Technology Assessment and the Center for Food Safety; Noxious Weed...  

Science.gov (United States)

...product, biological control organism, noxious weed...introduction of a plant pest or noxious weed into...dissemination of a plant pest or noxious weed within...difficult to manage or control once established. If...July 18, 2002, the International Center for...

2011-07-07

 
 
 
 
121

Hemispheric center for environmental technology: research and development capabilities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Contains vugraphs: decontamination and decommissioning, Latin America`s D&D needs, metal decontamination, concrete decontamination, structural demolition and dust suppression, melting/solidification/remelting/separation of glass and metals, demonstrations, decision making, information systems, waste processing, tank waste treatment, characterization/monitoring/sensor technology, metal recycling, etc.

Boudreaux, J.F.

1996-12-31

122

PERSON-CENTERED-APPROACH AS THE ALTERNATIVE TO THE TECHNOLOGIZATION OF THE MODERN EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyses the problems of depersonalization of the modern education connected with strengthening of the tendency of the priority removal from the subjects of the educational relations to the formalized of the pedagogical technologies. The person-centered-approach is regarded as the technologization of the modern education.

Podlinyaev Oleg Leonidovich

2012-06-01

123

BEHAVIOUR OF STONE FACADES IN URBAN CENTERS INNOVATIVE BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An innovative technology using stone and granite as exterior sheeting of modern steel and concrete tall buildings is presented, Granites are chosen for the indubitable superior durability in any wheather and polluted atmosfere condition. But to guarantee durability stone sheets have to be mounted in such a way as to avoid any inner irregular stress. In particular stresses from deformation of the main structure must not be trasmitted to the exterior sheeting. Moreover an all-proof wheather barrier has to be incorporated in the factory builded sheeting panel. The innovative technology allowing use of granite and stone in facing of tall buildings is here presented along with two very important realisations: The North Tower in Genoa and the Canary Wharf in London.

Antonio Monaco

1990-12-01

124

VACET: Proposed SciDAC2 Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This project focuses on leveraging scientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technology have resulted in an 'information big bang',' which in turn has created a significant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporary science. The vision for our Center is to respond directly to that challenge by adapting, extending, creating when necessary and deploying visualization and data understanding technologies for our science stakeholders. Using an organizational model as a Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET), we are well positioned to be responsive to the needs of a diverse set of scientific stakeholders in a coordinated fashion using a range of visualization, mathematics, statistics, computer and computational science and data management technologies

2006-09-01

125

VACET: Proposed SciDAC2 Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This project focuses on leveraging scientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technology have resulted in an 'information big bang',' which in turn has created a significant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporary science. The vision for our Center is to respond directly to that challenge by adapting, extending, creating when necessary and deploying visualization and data understanding technologies for our science stakeholders. Using an organizational model as a Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET), we are well positioned to be responsive to the needs of a diverse set of scientific stakeholders in a coordinated fashion using a range of visualization, mathematics, statistics, computer and computational science and data management technologies.

Bethel, W [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (United States); Johnson, C [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Hansen, C [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Parker, S [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Sanderson, A [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Silva, C [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Tricoche, X [Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah (United States); Pascucci, V [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Childs, H [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Cohen, J [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Duchaineau, M [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Laney, D [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Lindstrom, P [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Ahern, S [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Meredith, J [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Ostrouchov, G [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Joy, K [University of California, Davis (United States); Hamann, B [University of California, Davis (United States)

2006-09-15

126

Development of a National Center for Hydrogen Technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In November 2005, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), ePowerSynergies, Inc. (ePSI), and Resurfice Corporation teamed to develop, produce, and demonstrate the world's first and only fuel cell-powered ice resurfacer. The goals of this project were: {sm_bullet} To educate the public on the readiness, practicality, and safety of fuel cells powered by hydrogen fuel and {sm_bullet} To establish a commercialization pathway in an early-adopter, niche market. The vehicle was developed and produced in a short 3-month span. The vehicle made its world debut at U.S. Senator Byron Dorgan's (D-ND) 2005 Hydrogen Energy Action Summit. Subsequently, the vehicle toured North America appearing at numerous public events and conferences, receiving much attention from international media outlets.

Jay C. Almlie; Bruce Wood; Rich Schlupp

2007-03-01

127

Health information technology capacity at federally qualified health centers: a mechanism for improving quality of care  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities), particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) on improving quality of care is not well understood. We examined associations between health information technology (HIT) capac...

Frimpong Jemima A; Jackson Bradford E; Stewart LaShonda M; Singh Karan P; Rivers Patrick A; Bae Sejong

2013-01-01

128

Department of Nuclear Equipment 'High Technology Center - HITEC' - Overview  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The main activities of the Department for Nuclear Equipment High Technology Centre in 2008 were focused on the development of specialized systems using linear accelerators for medical applications, realized within the frame of the Innovative Economy Operational Program: · Calculations, simulations and design of accelerator structures and beam shaping devices · Design of a model of carrying structures · Building stands for carrying out critical component examinations and tests A new evolutionary algorithm has been implemented in a three-dimensional treatment planning system for intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) planning optimization. A design for a multi leaf collimator, second model, was worked out. The Department received an Award for the Polkam TBI therapeutic table in the first edition of the '' Teraz-Polska '' national contest for the best Polish innovative product. Equipment manufactured by the High Technology Centre and especially for total body irradiation techniques was presented for the first time during the Biennial Meeting of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology in Goeteborg, Sweden. The second edition of the School of Medical Accelerator Physics organized in October 2008 was well received by medical physicists and physicians. (author)

2009-01-01

129

A User Centered Approach to Developing Emergent Technology Products  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Current participatory design methods do not allow designers to gain the insight required to develop products with emerging technologies, that is, products that do not have any precedents in the usersâ?? knowledge base and experience. This poses challenges to the designers, as input from users cannot be used too early in the design process, given that users respond best to issues they know or can relate to. This paper presents a case study where a user-centred approach was used to determine when and how to involve users in the design of a TV-enabled mobile telephone. The aim of the study was to identify the main form factor drivers for the design of such a phone. Five possible usage scenarios were identified and five form factors were derived from testing these scenarios, which were subsequently evaluated by potential users, through highly focused feedback sessions. The paper also discusses some methodological issues related to user involvement in the implementation of emerging technologies in the consumer electronics industry.

Restrepo-Giraldo, John Dairo; McAloone, Timothy Charles

2008-01-01

130

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, technical research programs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature fusion plasmas (plasma theory, RF heating, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices); (2) major confinement results on the Alcator A and C tokamaks, including pioneering investigations of the equilibrium, stability, transport and radiation properties of fusion plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields; (3) development of a new and innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with initial operation of the TARA tandem mirror experimental facility scheduled for 1983; and (4) a broadly based program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas

131

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, technical research programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature fusion plasmas (plasma theory, RF heating, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices); (2) major confinement results on the Alcator A and C tokamaks, including pioneering investigations of the equilibrium, stability, transport and radiation properties of fusion plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields; (3) development of a new and innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with initial operation of the TARA tandem mirror experimental facility scheduled for 1983; and (4) a broadly based program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced gyrotron development for RF heating, preconceptual design studies of torsatrons and stellarators, and advanced tokamak design and reactor studies).

1982-02-01

132

VACET: Proposed SciDAC2 Visualization and Analytics Center forEnabling Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper accompanies a poster that is being presented atthe SciDAC 2006 meeting in Denver, CO. This project focuses on leveragingscientific visualization and analytics software technology as an enablingtechnology for increasing scientific productivity and insight. Advancesincomputational technology have resultedin an "information big bang,"which in turn has createda significant data understanding challenge. Thischallenge is widely acknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks incontemporary science. The vision for our Center is to respond directly tothat challenge by adapting, extending, creating when necessary anddeploying visualization and data understanding technologies for ourscience stakeholders. Using an organizational model as a Visualizationand Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET), we are wellpositioned to be responsive to the needs of a diverse set of scientificstakeholders in a coordinated fashion using a range of visualization,mathematics, statistics, computer and computational science and datamanagement technologies.

Bethel, W.; Johnson, Chris; Hansen, Charles; Parker, Steve; Sanderson, Allen; Silva, Claudio; Tricoche, Xavier; Pascucci, Valerio; Childs, Hank; Cohen, Jonathon; Duchaineau, Mark; Laney, Dan; Lindstrom,Peter; Ahern, Sean; Meredith, Jeremy; Ostrouchov, George; Joy, Ken; Hamann, Bernd

2006-06-19

133

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... modalities, physical agents and mechanical modalities using the properties of water and techniques unique to the aquatic environment. Abbreviated Definition of Aquatic Physical Therapy: Aquatic Physical Therapy is the scientific practice ...

134

Scientific Data Management (SDM) Center for Enabling Technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Over the past five years, our activities have both established Kepler as a viable scientific workflow environment and demonstrated its value across multiple science applications. We have published numerous peer-reviewed papers on the technologies highlighted in this short paper and have given Kepler tutorials at SC06,SC07,SC08,and SciDAC 2007. Our outreach activities have allowed scientists to learn best practices and better utilize Kepler to address their individual workflow problems. Our contributions to advancing the state-of-the-art in scientific workflows have focused on the following areas. Progress in each of these areas is described in subsequent sections. Workflow development. The development of a deeper understanding of scientific workflows "in the wild" and of the requirements for support tools that allow easy construction of complex scientific workflows; Generic workflow components and templates. The development of generic actors (i.e.workflow components and processes) which can be broadly applied to scientific problems; Provenance collection and analysis. The design of a flexible provenance collection and analysis infrastructure within the workflow environment; and Workflow reliability and fault tolerance. The improvement of the reliability and fault-tolerance of workflow environments.

Lud?scher, Bertram; Altintas, Ilkay

2013-09-06

135

Research on the Application of Machine Vision Technology in the Logistics Center Monitoring Platform System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Object monitoring is one of the key technologies of logistics information platform system. The study introduced an application method of machine vision technology in the logistics center monitoring system, improved covariance matrix algorithm to monitor objects in the logistics center. Against the technical difficulties of objects detection, the covariance matrix algorithm was applied to monitor objects in the logistics center and against the shortcomings of covariance matrix algorithm in the process of monitoring objects, the study proposed a method of path prediction and template dynamic adjustment. Experiments show that the method can effectively monitor objects in the logistics center, the improved method can not only adapt quickly to pose and scale variations of objects, but also track accurately and continuously those temporarily occluded objects, has good robustness. The method provides a new solution of monitoring objects in the logistics system.

Shushan Zhang

2013-01-01

136

The feasibility of a unified role for NASA regional dissemination centers and technology application teams  

Science.gov (United States)

Insights and recommendations arising from a study of the feasibility of combining the NASA Regional Dissemination Center (RDC) and Technology Application Team (Tateam) roles to form Regional Application Centers (RADC's) are presented. The apparent convergence of the functions of RDC's and Tateams is demonstrated and strongly supportive of the primary recommendation that an applications function be added to those already being performed by the RDC's. The basis of a national network for technology transfer and public and private sector problem solving is shown to exist, the skeleton of which is an interactive network of Regional Application Centers and NASA Field Centers. The feasibility of developing and extending this network is considered and the detailed ramifications of so doing are discussed and the imperatives emphasized. It is hypothesized that such a national network could become relatively independent of NASA funding within five years.

1974-01-01

137

The role of the Technology Application Center in the technology transfer program  

Science.gov (United States)

The need for and use of an active technology dissemination program by the Environmental Protection Agency is elaborated. The complexities associated with arriving at an acceptable solution to an environmental problem are addressed, and the mechanisms and associated products used by the technology transfer program to transfer the latest viable technological alternatives to the potential user are explained.

Shinnick, W. A.; Grogan, N. M.

1974-01-01

138

Savannah River Site Radiological Technology Center's Efforts Supporting Waste Minimization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the efforts of the newly formed Radiological Technology Center (RTC) at the Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS) to support waste minimization. The formation of the RTC was based upon the highly successful ALARA Center at the DOE Hanford Site. The RTC is tasked with evaluation and dissemination of new technologies and techniques for radiological hazard reduction and waste minimization. Initial waste minimization efforts have focused on the promotion of SRS containment fabrication capabilities, new personal protective equipment and use of recyclable versus disposable materials.

Rosenberger, K. H.; Smith, L. S.; Bates, R. L.

2003-02-25

139

Participants’ Focus in a Learner-Centered Technology-Rich Mathematics Professional Development Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leaders in professional development have called for more learner-centered professional development opportunities forteachers. These approaches allow teachers to have some choice about the content and pedagogies on which they focusduring professional development courses. This paper shares case studies of three participants from InterMath, a learner-centered professional development program for middle grades mathematics teachers. The findings indicate that participants’ backgrounds in both mathematics and technology as well as their goals for the course significantly impacted what they reported learning. The paper concludes with implications for the design and research of learner-centered professional development programs.

Drew Polly

2006-01-01

140

Solid and liquid radioactive waste management of the Nuclear Technology Development Center (CDTN)- Nuclebras  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Low level liquid and solid wastes are produced in several laboratories of the NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CENTER (CDTN) - NUCLEBRAS. In the last years, the intensification of technical activities at the Center has increased the radioactive waste volumes. Therefore, the implementation of a Radioactive Waste Management Program has begun. This Program includes the systematic of activities from the waste collection to the transportation for the final disposal. The liquid and solid waste are collected separately in proper containers and stored for later treatment according to the processes available or under development at the Center. (Author)

1986-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

The roles and functions of a lunar base Nuclear Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the roles and functions of a special Nuclear Technology Center which is developed as an integral part of a permanent lunar base. Numerous contemporary studies clearly point out that nuclear energy technology will play a major role in any successful lunar/Mars initiative program and in the overall establishment of humanity's solar system civilization. The key role of nuclear energy in the providing power has been recognized. A Nuclear Technology Center developed as part of of a permanent lunar base can also help bring about many other nuclear technology applications, such as producing radioisotopes for self-illumination, food preservation, waste sterilization, and medical treatment; providing thermal energy for mining, materials processing and agricultural; and as a source of emergency habitat power. Designing such a center will involve the deployment, operation, servicing and waste product management and disposal of megawatt class reactor power plants. This challenge must be met with a minimum of direct human support at the facility. Furthermore, to support the timely, efficient integration of this Nuclear Technology Center in the evolving lunar base infrastructure, an analog of such a facility will be needed here on Earth. 12 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Buden, D. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Angelo, J.A. Jr. (Science Applications International Corp., Melbourne, FL (United States))

1991-01-01

142

The roles and functions of a lunar base Nuclear Technology Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes the roles and functions of a special Nuclear Technology Center which is developed as an integral part of a permanent lunar base. Numerous contemporary studies clearly point out that nuclear energy technology will play a major role in any successful lunar/Mars initiative program and in the overall establishment of humanity's solar system civilization. The key role of nuclear energy in the providing power has been recognized. A Nuclear Technology Center developed as part of of a permanent lunar base can also help bring about many other nuclear technology applications, such as producing radioisotopes for self-illumination, food preservation, waste sterilization, and medical treatment; providing thermal energy for mining, materials processing and agricultural; and as a source of emergency habitat power. Designing such a center will involve the deployment, operation, servicing and waste product management and disposal of megawatt class reactor power plants. This challenge must be met with a minimum of direct human support at the facility. Furthermore, to support the timely, efficient integration of this Nuclear Technology Center in the evolving lunar base infrastructure, an analog of such a facility will be needed here on Earth. 12 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab

1991-10-07

143

SciDAC Visualization and Analytics Center for EnablingTechnologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Visualization and Analytics Center for EnablingTechnologies (VACET) focuses on leveraging scientific visualization andanalytics software technology as an enabling technology for increasingscientific productivity and insight. Advances in computational technologyhave resulted in an 'information big bang,' which in turn has created asignificant data understanding challenge. This challenge is widelyacknowledged to be one of the primary bottlenecks in contemporaryscience. The vision of VACET is to adapt, extend, create when necessary,and deploy visual data analysis solutions that are responsive to theneeds of DOE'scomputational and experimental scientists. Our center isengineered to be directly responsive to those needs and to deliversolutions for use in DOE's large open computing facilities. The researchand development directly target data understanding problems provided byour scientific application stakeholders. VACET draws from a diverse setof visualization technology ranging from production quality applicationsand application frameworks to state-of-the-art algorithms forvisualization, analysis, analytics, data manipulation, and datamanagement.

Bethel, E. Wes; Johnson, Chris; Joy, Ken; Ahern, Sean; Pascucci,Valerio; Childs, Hank; Cohen, Jonathan; Duchaineau, Mark; Hamann, Bernd; Hansen, Charles; Laney, Dan; Lindstrom, Peter; Meredith, Jermey; Ostrouchov, George; Parker, Steven; Silva, Claudio; Sanderson, Allen; Tricoche, Xavier.

2007-06-30

144

Radioactivity in the Canadian aquatic environment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sources of radionuclides arising from natural anthropogenic processes as well as technologically enhanced natural radiation are discussed. Transport, distribution and behaviour of these radionuclides in aquatic systems are influenced by physical, chemical, biological and geological processes and conditions in freshwater and marine environments. Dosimetry of aquatic organisms, as well as various methods of measuring dose rate are presented. Effects of ionizing radiation (acute and chronic exposure) on aquatic organisms, populations and ecosystems are reviewed. This review covers the entire spectrum of the aquatic environment. Results of many studies are summarized. 300+ refs

1983-01-01

145

An Information Management and Technology Laboratory in an Academic Health Center Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aims and goals in setting up an Information Management and Technology Laboratory in the Lyman Maynard Stowe Library at the University of Connecticut Health Center are outlined. Health professionals have a chance in the Laboratory to try software and machines and acquaint themselves with some of the new technology. The Laboratory can save individual departments time, the necessity for extensive research and money and will be used to give students and staff experience in information managem...

Peterson, Margaret G. E.; Brantz, Malcolm H.

1984-01-01

146

Creating Interoperable Meshing and Discretization Software: The Terascale Simulation Tools and Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present an overview of the technical objectives of the Terascale Simulation Tools and Technologies center. The primary goal of this multi-institution collaboration is to develop technologies that enable application scientists to easily use multiple mesh and discretization strategies within a single simulation on terascale computers. The discussion focuses on our efforts to create interoperable mesh generation tools, high-order discretization techniques, and adaptive meshing strategies.

Brown, D.; Freitag, L.; Glimm, J.

2002-03-28

147

CREATING INTEROPERABLE MESHING AND DISCRETIZATION SOFTWARE: THE TERASCALE SIMULATION TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present an overview of the technical objectives of the Terascale Simulation Tools and Technologies center. The primary goal of this multi-institution collaboration is to develop technologies that enable application scientists to easily use multiple mesh and discretization strategies within a single simulation on terascale computers. The discussion focuses on our efforts to create interoperable mesh generation tools, high-order discretization techniques, and adaptive meshing strategies.

BROWN,D.; FREITAG,L.; GLIMM,J.

2002-06-02

148

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program FY-99 Status Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1999, grout formulations were studied for transuranic waste derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste and for projected newly generated low-level liquid waste. Additional studies were completed on radionuclide leaching, microbial degradation, waste neutralization, and a small mockup for grouting the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels

1999-01-01

149

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program FY-2000 Status Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program anticipated that grouting will be used for disposal of low-level and transuranic wastes generated at the Idaho Nuclear Technology Engineering Center (INTEC). During fiscal year 2000, grout formulations were studied for transuranic waste derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste and for projected newly generated low-level liquid waste. Additional studies were completed using silica gel and other absorbents to solidify sodium-bearing wastes. A feasibility study and conceptual design were completed for the construction of a grout pilot plant for simulated wastes and demonstration facility for actual wastes

2000-01-01

150

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program FY-99 Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1999, grout formulations were studied for transuranic waste derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste and for projected newly generated low-level liquid waste. Additional studies were completed on radionuclide leaching, microbial degradation, waste neutralization, and a small mockup for grouting the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels.

A. K. Herbst; J. A. McCray; R. J. Kirkham; J. Pao; S. H. Hinckley

1999-09-30

151

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program FY-99 Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1999, grout formulations were studied for transuranic waste derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste and for projected newly generated low-level liquid waste. Additional studies were completed on radionuclide leaching, microbial degradation, waste neutralization, and a small mockup for grouting the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels.

Herbst, Alan Keith; Mc Cray, John Alan; Kirkham, Robert John; Pao, Jenn Hai; Hinckley, Steve Harold

1999-10-01

152

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program, FY-98 Status Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Low-Activity Waste Process Technology Program at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) anticipates that large volumes of low-level/low-activity wastes will need to be grouted prior to near-surface disposal. During fiscal year 1998, three grout formulations were studied for low-activity wastes derived from INTEC liquid sodium-bearing waste. Compressive strength and leach results are presented for phosphate bonding cement, acidic grout, and alkaline grout formulations. In an additional study, grout formulations are recommended for stabilization of the INTEC underground storage tank residual heels.

Herbst, A.K.; Rogers, A.Z.; McCray, J.A.; Simmons, R.F.; Palethorpe, S.J.

1999-03-01

153

Calcined Waste Storage at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a quantitative inventory and composition (chemical and radioactivity) of calcined waste stored at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center. From December 1963 through May 2000, liquid radioactive wastes generated by spent nuclear fuel reprocessing were converted into a solid, granular form called calcine. This report also contains a description of the calcine storage bins.

M. D. Staiger

2007-06-01

154

Research and development in tritium technology at the Institute of Radiochemistry, Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Tritium Technology Program at the Institute of Radiochemistry, Nuclear Research Center Karlsruhe has the following objectives: determination of physicochemical properties of solid breeding materials; tritium recovery from waste streams; development of tritium decontamination systems; and impurity monitoring in liquid metal blankets

1985-09-01

155

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC): Advancing the frontiers of computational science and technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) provides researchers with high-performance computing tools to tackle science`s biggest and most challenging problems. Founded in 1974 by DOE/ER, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that followed. Over the years the center`s name was changed to the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center and then to NERSC; it was relocated to LBNL. NERSC, one of the largest unclassified scientific computing resources in the world, is the principal provider of general-purpose computing services to DOE/ER programs: Magnetic Fusion Energy, High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences, Health and Environmental Research, and the Office of Computational and Technology Research. NERSC users are a diverse community located throughout US and in several foreign countries. This brochure describes: the NERSC advantage, its computational resources and services, future technologies, scientific resources, and computational science of scale (interdisciplinary research over a decade or longer; examples: combustion in engines, waste management chemistry, global climate change modeling).

Hules, J. [ed.

1996-11-01

156

The center for green technology. Suggested project; Centeret for groen teknik. Projektforslag  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Center for Green Technology is a center for research and development related to ``ecological`` buildings, food production and waste management which is being developed at the Danish Center for Renewable Energy. One of its aims is to create a village which is independent of outside energy supply, which lives up to the ideals of an environment in balance with nature and where research in green technology can be carried out. It is hoped that this village will act as an example of a way of living which makes every effort to protect the environment. The ``Solar Bioshelter`` will be constructed to include a combination of offices, laboratories and a greenhouse. Each of these buildings are described in detail and the text is illustrated with diagrams. (AB).

1990-12-31

157

Radiation technology facilities operating at the italian ENEA-Casaccia research center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ENEA Casaccia Research Center, 20 km far from Rome, is the main Italian technological research Center, with more than 2000 scientists involved in several advanced research fields (materials, energy, environment, etc.). Within the frame of radiation technology, three main facilities are in service at full power at the Casaccia research Center: a 1 MW TRIGA Mark II reactor (RC-1); a 5 kW fast source reactor (TAPIRO); a 3.7 x 1015 Bq Cobalt-60 irradiation plant (CALLIOPE). Main R-D programmes carried out regard medical radioisotopes and radio trackers production, neutron radiography, neutron activation analysis, radiation damage analysis, neutron diffractometry, foodstuffs treatment, crosslinking processes, wastes (hazardous, chemical, hospital) processing. The paper provides a features description of utilized facilities and reports main present carried out projects

1997-10-28

158

76 FR 77578 - In the Matter of: Brendan Technologies, Inc., CenterStaging Corp., PGMI, Inc., Thermal Energy...  

Science.gov (United States)

...EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] In the Matter of: Brendan Technologies, Inc., CenterStaging Corp., PGMI, Inc...current and accurate information concerning the securities of Brendan Technologies, Inc. because it has not filed any...

2011-12-13

159

Research on the establishment of design requirements (TOR) for Center for Nuclear Science and Technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The report presents four chapters related to the following topics: General explanation and description of the Center of Nuclear Science and Technology; The role of new research reactor; Economic efficiency evaluation directly of applications on research reactor and Requirements for selection of new research reactor. The functions and missions of the Center with the main laboratories and main equipments have been identified. The main equipment of the Center is research reactor with power from 10 to 20 MW. In order to satisfy long term application requirements, the design characteristics and the safety features of the new research reactor have been considered in detail. The basic content of the Terms of Reference (TOR) of the Center was prepared and submitted to counterpart for consideration. (author)

2013-08-01

160

Aquatic studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thermal stress to microorganisms was measured by the production of dissolved organic matter by algal communities and the mineralization of glucose by heterotrophic populations. Mutagenic activity as measured by the Ames/Salmonella/microsome assay indicate that such activity does not occur in Par Pond, although limited mutagenic activity does occur in a nearby canal system due to chlorination of cooling water. Sodium hypochlorite, used as an algicide in the reactor fuel storage basins, caused increased pitting corrosion to reactor fuel targets. Five other compounds selected for testing proved to be superior to sodium hypochlorite. Legionella pneumophila, the pathogen which causes Legionnaire's disease, was found to be a natural part of aquatic ecosystems. It occurs over a wide range of environments and is able to utilize nutrients provided by primary producers. Phytoplankton size classes of less than 3 ?m (less than 5% of the total phytoplankton biomass) accounted for 15 to 40% of the total primary productivity in Par Pond, Pond C, and Clark Hill Reservoir. Three major biological data sets were compiled and are available in the SRL computer system for analysis: the SRP deer herd data; 20 years of Par Pond data; and 25 years of biological data on the Savannah River. Results of marine studies indicated that nearly all plutonium in the Savannah River and its estuary resulted from nuclear weapons fallout. The plutonium concentration in the Savannah River is about one fourth the concentration in the Newport River which has no nuclear operations associated with it

1980-03-01

 
 
 
 
161

Columbia Environmental Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Columbia Environmental Research Center (CERC) is part of the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and provides data and scientific information needed to address environmental contaminant issues, and the effects of habitat alterations on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Their mission is to provide this data to help maintain clean water resources and habitat quality across the US. This site contains CERC research and project information, which addresses issues such as populations, contaminants in marine and estuarine environments, aquatic resources, at-risk and endangered species, ecosystems, status and trends, and wildlife. To provide an integrated approach to these complex resource problems, research projects are staffed with team members from six science branches: toxicology, ecology, environmental chemistry, biochemistry, field stations, and information technology. Details about research in each of these branches are provided, as well as many links for further information. Much of CERC's research occurs on the Missouri and Mississippi rivers.

162

Accelerator laboratories: development centers for experimental physics and technology in Mexico  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Three years ago in this Nuclear Center the author and Professor Graef expounded the inception and development of experimental physics and new techniques centered about laboratories and equipped in our country with positive ion accelerators. Extracted here is the information on the laboratories that have allowed professional training as well as the furtherance of scientific productivity in each group. An additional proposal as to how the technical groups knowledgeable in advanced technology might contribute significantly to adequate preparation of youth at the intermediate level able to generate innocuous micro industries in their own neighbourhood. (Author). 5 refs, 2 figs, 2 tabs

1989-05-25

163

Implementation of efficient technologies application center; Implantacao de um centro de aplicacao de tecnologias eficientes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper describes the basic concept and the main activities at the Electric Technology Application Center (ETAC) placed at CEPEL. The aim of the center is presented, regarding issues such as: energy waste preventing, energy-efficient production processes and environmental protection. This work also presents the initial partnerships and the first ETAC products, according to three main areas: Industrial Commercial and Residential. (author) 3 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.; e-mail: cref at fund.cepel.br; sigiliao at fund.cepel.br

Costa, Reynaldo S. da; Aguiar, Joao C.R.; Pinto Junior, Ary V.; Souza, Hamilton M. [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Sistemas de Distribuicao e Uso Eficiente de Energia Eletrica

1997-12-31

164

A review of user-centered design for diabetes-related consumer health informatics technologies.  

Science.gov (United States)

User-centered design (UCD) is well recognized as an effective human factor engineering strategy for designing ease of use in the total customer experience with products and information technology that has been applied specifically to health care information technology systems. We conducted a literature review to analyze the current research regarding the use of UCD methods and principles to support the development or evaluation of diabetes-related consumer health informatics technology (CHIT) initiatives. Findings indicate that (1) UCD activities have been applied across the technology development life cycle stages, (2) there are benefits to incorporating UCD to better inform CHIT development in this area, and (3) the degree of adoption of the UCD process is quite uneven across diabetes CHIT studies. In addition, few to no studies report on methods used across all phases of the life cycle with process detail. To address that void, the Appendix provides an illustrative case study example of UCD techniques across development stages. PMID:23911188

LeRouge, Cynthia; Wickramasinghe, Nilmini

2013-07-01

165

A Review of User-Centered Design for Diabetes-Related Consumer Health Informatics Technologies  

Science.gov (United States)

User-centered design (UCD) is well recognized as an effective human factor engineering strategy for designing ease of use in the total customer experience with products and information technology that has been applied specifically to health care information technology systems. We conducted a literature review to analyze the current research regarding the use of UCD methods and principles to support the development or evaluation of diabetes-related consumer health informatics technology (CHIT) initiatives. Findings indicate that (1) UCD activities have been applied across the technology development life cycle stages, (2) there are benefits to incorporating UCD to better inform CHIT development in this area, and (3) the degree of adoption of the UCD process is quite uneven across diabetes CHIT studies. In addition, few to no studies report on methods used across all phases of the life cycle with process detail. To address that void, the Appendix provides an illustrative case study example of UCD techniques across development stages.

LeRouge, Cynthia; Wickramasinghe, Nilmini

2013-01-01

166

Available decontamination and decommissioning capabilities at the Savannah River Technology Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Safety Analysis and Engineering Services Group has performed a survey of the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) technical capabilities, skills, and experience in Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) activities. The goal of this survey is to enhance the integration of the SRTC capabilities with the technical needs of the Environmental Restoration Department D ampersand D program and the DOE Office of Technology Development through the Integrated Demonstration Program. This survey has identified technical capabilities, skills, and experience in the following D ampersand D areas: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Material Disposal, Remote Systems, and support on Safety Technology for D ampersand D. This review demonstrates the depth and wealth of technical capability resident in the SRTC in relation to these activities, and the unique qualifications of the SRTC to supply technical support in the area of DOE facility D ampersand D. Additional details on specific technologies and applications to D ampersand D will be made available on request

1992-01-01

167

Available decontamination and decommissioning capabilities at the Savannah River Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Safety Analysis and Engineering Services Group has performed a survey of the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) technical capabilities, skills, and experience in Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) activities. The goal of this survey is to enhance the integration of the SRTC capabilities with the technical needs of the Environmental Restoration Department D&D program and the DOE Office of Technology Development through the Integrated Demonstration Program. This survey has identified technical capabilities, skills, and experience in the following D&D areas: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Material Disposal, Remote Systems, and support on Safety Technology for D&D. This review demonstrates the depth and wealth of technical capability resident in the SRTC in relation to these activities, and the unique qualifications of the SRTC to supply technical support in the area of DOE facility D&D. Additional details on specific technologies and applications to D&D will be made available on request.

Polizzi, L.M.; Norkus, J.K.; Paik, I.K.; Wooten, L.A.

1992-08-19

168

Available decontamination and decommissioning capabilities at the Savannah River Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Safety Analysis and Engineering Services Group has performed a survey of the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) technical capabilities, skills, and experience in Decontamination and Decommissioning (D D) activities. The goal of this survey is to enhance the integration of the SRTC capabilities with the technical needs of the Environmental Restoration Department D D program and the DOE Office of Technology Development through the Integrated Demonstration Program. This survey has identified technical capabilities, skills, and experience in the following D D areas: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Material Disposal, Remote Systems, and support on Safety Technology for D D. This review demonstrates the depth and wealth of technical capability resident in the SRTC in relation to these activities, and the unique qualifications of the SRTC to supply technical support in the area of DOE facility D D. Additional details on specific technologies and applications to D D will be made available on request.

Polizzi, L.M.; Norkus, J.K.; Paik, I.K.; Wooten, L.A.

1992-08-19

169

Institutional overviews. Overview of the JAEA and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Science and Technology Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Science and Technology Center (NPSTC) was formed within the new Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to carry out safeguards and material control duties for the JAEA. Development of technologies and procedures for safeguards is an important duty. In addition, the new NPSTC will assume a 'think tank' role in support of the nonproliferation regime, help train nonproliferation experts, and cooperate with academic, government and non-governmental organizations on nonproliferation issues. This report briefly summarizes the formation of the JAEA and describes the duties and structure of the NPSTC in detail. (author)

2006-06-01

170

The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and ISTC projects related to nuclear safety. Information review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ISTC is an intergovernmental organization created ten years ago by Russia, USA, EU and Japan in Moscow. The Center supports numerous science and technology projects in different areas, from biotechnologies and environmental problems to all aspects of nuclear studies, including those focused on the development of effective innovative concepts and technologies in the nuclear field, in general, and for improvement of nuclear safety, in particular. The presentation addresses some technical results of the ISTC projects as well as methods and approaches employed by the ISTC to foster close international collaboration and manage projects towards fruitful results. (author)

2003-10-01

171

Calcine Waste Storage at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents an inventory of calcined waste produced at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center during the period from December 1963 to May 2000. The report was prepared based on calciner runs, operation of the calcined solids storage facilities, and miscellaneous operational information that establishes the range of chemical compositions of calcined waste stored at Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center. The report will be used to support obtaining permits for the calcined solids storage facilities, possible treatment of the calcined waste at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, and to ship the waste to an off-site facility including a geologic repository. The information in this report was compiled from calciner operating data, waste solution analyses and volumes calcined, calciner operating schedules, calcine temperature monitoring records, and facility design of the calcined solids storage facilities. A compact disk copy of this report is provided to facilitate future data manipulations and analysis.

Staiger, Merle Daniel; M. C. Swenson

2005-01-01

172

Readiness for Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology and Patient Centered Medical Home Recognition Survey Results  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Determine the factors that impact HIT use and MU readiness for community health centers (CHCs). Background The HITECH Act allocates funds to Medicaid and Medicare providers to encourage the adoption of electronic health records (EHR), in an effort to improve health care quality and patient outcomes, and to reduce health care costs. Methods We surveyed CHCs on their Readiness for Meaningful Use (MU) of Health Information Technology (HIT) and Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) Recognition, then we combined responses with 2009 Uniform Data System data to determine which factors impact use of HIT and MU readiness. Results Nearly 70% of CHCs had full or partial EHR adoption at the time of survey. Results are presented for centers with EHR adoption, by the length of time that their EHR systems have been in operation.

Shin, Peter; Sharac, Jessica

2013-01-01

173

Tiger Team Assessment of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, [August 19--September 13, 1991  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report documents the results of the Department of Energy (DOE) Tiger Team Assessment conducted at Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, between August 19 and September 13, 1991. A team comprised of professionals from the Department, its contractors, and consultants conducted the assessment. The purpose of the assessment was to provide the Secretary of Energy the status of environment, safety, and health (ES ampersand H) programs at PETC. A management assessment was performed

1991-01-01

174

Audio networking at the Center for Art and Media Technology Karlsruhe  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Art and Media Technology is dedicated to art and its relationship to new media. The Center supports music as well as graphic art. It also will house museums. The Center will be fully operational by the middle of 1996. The audio network will interconnect five recording studios and a large theater with three control rooms. With the additional facilities, the number of 40 interconnected rooms is reached. As to the quality and the versatility, the network can be compared, to some extent, to that of a broadcast-building. Traditional networking techniques involve many kilometers of high quality audio-cables and bulky automated patch-bays. Still, we wish even more freedom in the way the rooms are interconnected. Digital audio and computer network technology are promising. Although digital audio technology is spreading, the size of the totally digital systems is still limited. Fiber optic and large capacity optical disks offer attractive alternatives to traditional techniques (cabling, multitrack recorders, sound archives, routing). The digital audio standards are evolving from point to point communication to network communication. A 1 Gbit/s network could be the backbone of a solution.

Dutilleux, Pierre

1993-01-01

175

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the individual State Practice Acts. What kind of insurance should be considered for pools in aquatic PT ... Top Reimbursement Issues FAQs I need information on Medicare reimbursement of aquatic therapy services in my state. ...

176

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Here What is the history of the Aquatic PT Section? Focus of research and study in the ... education requirements are needed to specialize in Aquatic PT? Water safety, risk management, and an understanding of ...

177

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Aquatic PT Section? Focus of research and study in the Section? Jean Irion wrote a nice article ... currently being conducted. What are the current trends in aquatic physical therapy? Trends vary depending on what ...

178

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... be available in the Spring of 2014. What education requirements are needed to specialize in Aquatic PT? ... in aquatic therapy? There should not be a problem with a patient who has Hepatitis B if ...

179

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... be available in the Spring of 2014. What education requirements are needed to specialize in Aquatic PT? ... therapy, one is strongly encouraged to take continuing education classes, and if possible, to actually observe aquatic ...

180

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... The questions are arranged below by category. Please click on the category and review questions and answers: ... Aquatic Section's "Developing an Aquatic Physical Therapy Program." (Click here to download order form) Are there any ...

 
 
 
 
181

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Rules, Regulations & Operations FAQs Where can I find information on starting my own aquatic physical therapy practice? ... Back to Top Reimbursement Issues FAQs I need information on Medicare reimbursement of aquatic therapy services in ...

182

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Top Reimbursement Issues FAQs I need information on Medicare reimbursement of aquatic therapy services in my state. ... does not recognize and pay for Aquatics. Will Medicare reimburse for group therapy or does the treatment ...

183

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... The unique properties of the aquatic environment enhance interventions for patients/clients across the age span with ... integumentary diseases, disorders, or conditions. Aquatic Physical Therapy interventions are designed to improve or maintain: function aerobic ...

184

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... therapy, one is strongly encouraged to take continuing education classes, and if possible, to actually observe aquatic therapy sessions. How do I become an aquatic physical therapist? ...

185

Update and Expansion of the Center of Automotive Technology Excellence Under the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its seventh year of operation under this agreement, its thirteenth year in total. During this period the Center has involved eleven GATE Fellows and three GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center’s focus area: Advanced Hybrid Propulsion and Control Systems. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $2,000,000.

Irick, David

2012-08-30

186

KBTAC: EPRI's center to assist the nuclear industry to apply the knowledge-based technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nuclear utility industry's complex engineering and procedure systems offer many opportunities for use of the knowledge-based technology such as expert systems and neural networks. The ability of expert systems to enhance human experts makes them an important tool in the areas of engineering, operations and maintenance. However, many current industry applications are research projects or turnkey systems supplied by vendors. These often do not impart to utility technical staff a clear understanding of the capabilities of knowledge-based systems (KBS). More importantly, simply using completed applications does not meet utilities' need to acquire the capabilities to build their own knowledge-based systems. Thus, EPRI is supporting its member utilities utilization of knowledge-based technology for power plant engineering, operations, and maintenance applications through the establishment of the Knowledge-Based Technology Application Center (KBTAC)

1993-03-21

187

DISSEMINATING AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION THROUGH THE INTERNET: INDONESIAN CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY AND TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION EXPERIENCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Indonesian Center for Library and Technology Dissemination (ICALTD has a duty to disseminate agricultural information to researchers, extension workers, academicians, and other general users. Previously, the dissemination was based on printed publications. However, along with the penetration and development of the internet, the method of dissemination has changed to ITC-based dissemination. CD/VCD and internet technology application plays an important role in ICALTD’s dissemination of agricultural information. The involvement of internet technology in the dissemination of agricultural information ranges from purchasing online electronic journals for the main library collection to electronic-based processing and internet-based services. Efforts to educate stakeholders, such as administrators, content providers, and users, are carried out to ensure the successful dissemination of agricultural information.

Bambang Winarko

2011-12-01

188

Installation of a technological center for highly efficient optical gratings at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB)  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2009 Carl Zeiss stopped the manufacture of precision gratings. All users of their gratings were very concerned about this decision, since they all need precision gratings for their experiments. One of the institutes of the HZB, the Institute for Nanometer Optics and Technology (INT), has extensive experience in micro fabrication (technology group). In spring 2010, HZB decided to take over the old C. Zeiss grating fabrication and build up its own technology center for grating fabrication. In March 2010, the INT applied to the Senate of Berlin for funding for our project from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). In October 2010, HZB received an approval of its application from the Senate of Berlin (contract No 20072013 2/43). Using this governmental support, HZB will install all necessary equipment and processes to fulfill these demands until end of 2013.

Loechel, B.; Erko, A.; Lemke, St.; Nelles, B.; Schmidt, M.; Senf, F.

2013-03-01

189

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... therapy sessions. How do I become an aquatic physical therapist? PTs/PTAs should take continuing education courses to gain knowledge in the area of ... aquatic physical therapy practice? The "Developing an Aquatic ... associated continuing education courses offered by the Section should assist you ...

190

Technology in an outpatient chemotherapy center and advanced practice nursing: observational study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background. Advanced practice nursing (APN requires nurses to support their knowledge and clinical experience in a nursing care model that delivers holistic and comprehensive care adjusted to the needs of each patient. Objetives. To identify the technological tools available to nurses in a chemotherapy unit, to select one of the specific technologies used and to generate a proposal that can be used in advanced practice. Methods. Data was collected using non-participant observation in an adult outpatient chemotherapy unit. Results. It was observed that nurses properly used hard technologies in their unit. In so far as hard-soft technologies, although there is a specialized knowledge in oncology, there is no theoretical framework associated to the nursing care provided. With regards to the use of soft technologies, their use seems to be related more with personal characteristics that a structured and conscious intervention. Conclusions. Technologies are tools that, coupled with nursing expertise, allow nurses to provide safe and effective care. The chemotherapy unit is a center where APN could be conducted. This study proposes enhancing patient-oriented care based on the knowledge of the discipline as expressed in three different models that are suggested, thus making it possible to state that advanced practice nursing is being provided to patients undergoing ambulatory chemotherapy.

María Carolina Robledo Osses

2012-12-01

191

The World Wide Web and Technology Transfer at NASA Langley Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) began using the World Wide Web (WWW) in the summer of 1993, becoming the first NASA installation to provide a Center-wide home page. This coincided with a reorganization of LaRC to provide a more concentrated focus on technology transfer to both aerospace and non-aerospace industry. Use of the WWW and NCSA Mosaic not only provides automated information dissemination, but also allows for the implementation, evolution and integration of many technology transfer applications. This paper describes several of these innovative applications, including the on-line presentation of the entire Technology Opportunities Showcase (TOPS), an industrial partnering showcase that exists on the Web long after the actual 3-day event ended. During its first year on the Web, LaRC also developed several WWW-based information repositories. The Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), a technical paper delivery system with integrated searching and retrieval, has proved to be quite popular. The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), an outgrowth of LTRS, provides uniform access to many logically similar, yet physically distributed NASA report servers. WWW is also the foundation of the Langley Software Server (LSS), an experimental software distribution system which will distribute LaRC-developed software with the possible phase-out of NASA's COSMIC program. In addition to the more formal technology distribution projects, WWW has been successful in connecting people with technologies and people with other people. With the completion of the LaRC reorganization, the Technology Applications Group, charged with interfacing with non-aerospace companies, opened for business with a popular home page.

Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1994-01-01

192

Overview of free-piston Stirling technology at the NASA Lewis Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

An overview of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Lewis Research Center (Lewis) free-piston Stirling engine activities is presented. These activities include: (1) a generic free-piston Stirling technology project being conducted to develop technologies synergistic to both space power and terrestrial heat pump applications in a cooperative, cost-shared effort with the Department of Energy (DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ONRL)), and (2) a free-piston Stirling space-power technology demonstration project as part of the SP-100 program being conducted in support of the Department of Defense (DOD), DOE, and NASA/Lewis. The generic technology effort includes extensive parametric testing of a 1 kw free-piston Stirling engine (RE-1000), development and validation of a free-piston Stirling performance computer code, and fabrication and initial testing of an hydraulic output modification for the RE-1000 engine. The space power technology effort, under SP-100, addresses the status of the 25 kWe Space Power Demonstrator Engine (SPDE) including early test results.

Slaby, J. G.

1985-01-01

193

Annual report of Nuclear Technology and Education Center. April 1, 2004 - March 31, 2005  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report summarizes the activities of Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC) of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) in the fiscal year 2004. It describes not only the domestic and the international training activities, but also the technical development for the training courses and administrative matters. This period being the second fiscal year after the unification of Tokyo and Tokai Education Center, all the planned training courses have been finished successfully, and the number of trainees completing the courses was 1,165. In addition, preparative work has been performed in order to cooperate in Nuclear Professional School, School of Engineering, the University of Tokyo. Further, the maintenance and improvement of facilities and equipments for education have been made from the viewpoint of securing safety and comfortable working environment. (author)

2005-01-01

194

Economic Development Activities at the Young - Rainey Science, Technology, & Research (STAR) Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Project mission was to mitigate the adverse economic effects of closing the U.S. Department of Energy's Pinellas Plant in Largo, Florida. This project was to facilitate the physical renovation of the plant and to help maintain and create jobs for the employees that worked at the plant when DOE terminated its operations. It also included finding and attracting high technology, industrial manufacturing and related firms to utilize the space and high tech equipment to remain at the plant. Stakeholders included the affected plant employees, local government and related public organizations, and businesses and universities in the Tampa Bay Florida area. The $17.6 million funded for this project helped produce 2,780 jobs at the Young - Rainey STAR Center at an average cost of $6,328. Rental income from STAR Center tenants and third party cash input amounted to approximately $66 million over the project period of 13.3 years.

Paul S. Sacco; Carl Smeigh; John Caponiti, Jr.

2008-06-30

195

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Newly Generated Liquid Waste Demonstration Project Feasibility Study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A research, development, and demonstration project for the grouting of newly generated liquid waste (NGLW) at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center is considered feasible. NGLW is expected from process equipment waste, decontamination waste, analytical laboratory waste, fuel storage basin waste water, and high-level liquid waste evaporator condensate. The potential grouted waste would be classed as mixed low-level waste, stabilized and immobilized to meet RCRA LDR disposal in a grouting process in the CPP-604 facility, and then transported to the state.

Herbst, A.K.

2000-02-01

196

Managing technological challenges for advanced and evolutionary power reactors at the technical center of Framatome ANP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The merger of Framatome's and Siemens' nuclear activities has resulted in a unique center of competence for technological domains like materials technology, radiochemistry, thermal hydraulics and fluid dynamics, components and systems testing, and welding-laboratory. These basic and key-technologies are centralized in the Technical Center to contribute to utmost synergies in technology, innovation and R + D at Framatome ANP. Engineering resources and tools, as well as appropriately equipped laboratories (e. g. for radiochemistry, corrosion, mechanical testing, and metallography) and large scale test-facilities are available to cope with this mission, relevant for the planning, manufacturing and erection, in-service behavior and maintenance of nuclear power plants. Powerful are the test facilities that support the tasks of the Technical Center, like: 1) Hot cell facilities, e. g. for handling of contaminated or activated materials in the course of root-cause and failure analyses or for post-irradiation examinations of Reactor Pressure Vessel materials. 2) Valve test facilities, e. g. the world largest valve test facility (GAP) in which valves up to pipe sizes of 700 mm in diameter can be tested. 3) Multi-purpose test facilities and loops with pressure up to 330 bars (MAGALY, KOPRA and BENSON), e.g. for testing of reactor components 4) Critical heat flux test loop, KATHY, with 15 MW electrical power supply for 1:1 fuel assembly investigation (BWR and PWR). 5) Integral 4-loop test facility PKL simulating a 1300 MWe PWR (diameter scale 1:12, elevations 1:1) for design and beyond-design accident investigations. Total quality management is a matter of principle. The Technical Center is certified according to ISO 9001 and ASME; the laboratories are accredited to EN 45001 as independent testing laboratories. The presentation highlights examples for recent R and D activities for advanced and evolutionary power reactors like: core melt retention concepts, new reactor internal design testing, fuel assembly development, iodine behaviour in beyond design accidents, design of advanced digital control systems and robotics as well as outstanding examples for component and systems qualification. (authors)

2005-01-01

197

Assessing consumer benefits of selected gas appliance technology center tasks. Topical report, April-December 1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Gas Appliance Technology Center (GATC) was created in 1983 to assist the gas industry in bringing about a new generation of reasonably priced, advanced gas appliances. The objective of the report is to evaluate consumer benefits of sixteen selected GATC tasks for the time period between 1983 and 1990. Tasks were selected for review based upon their degree of industry impact and how well they represented activities in the four targeted research areas of Space Conditioning, Commercial Appliances, Residential Appliances, and Codes and Standards

1992-01-01

198

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Newly Generated Liquid Waste Demonstration Project Feasibility Study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A research, development, and demonstration project for the grouting of newly generated liquid waste (NGLW) at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center is considered feasible. NGLW is expected from process equipment waste, decontamination waste, analytical laboratory waste, fuel storage basin waste water, and high-level liquid waste evaporator condensate. The potential grouted waste would be classed as mixed low-level waste, stabilized and immobilized to meet RCRA LDR disposal in a grouting process in the CPP-604 facility, and then transported to the state

2000-01-01

199

Space Solar Power Satellite Technology Development at the Glenn Research Center: An Overview  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). is participating in the Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology program (SERT) for the development of a solar power satellite concept. The aim of the program is to provide electrical power to Earth by converting the Sun's energy and beaming it to the surface. This paper will give an overall view of the technologies being pursued at GRC including thin film photovoltaics, solar dynamic power systems, space environmental effects, power management and distribution, and electric propulsion. The developmental path not only provides solutions to gigawatt sized space power systems for the future, but provides synergistic opportunities for contemporary space power architectures. More details of Space Solar Power can be found by reading the references sited in this paper and by connecting to the web site http://moonbase.msfc.nasa.gov/ and accessing the "Space Solar Power" section "Public Access" area.

Dudenhoefer, James E.; George, Patrick J.

2000-01-01

200

Artificial pinning center technology to enhance vortex pinning in YBCO coated conductors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Crystalline defects on the nano-scale, which are called artificial pinning centers (APCs), were successfully introduced into high-temperature superconductors (HTS) by nanotechnology, in order to strongly pin the quantized vortices. The critical current densities, Jc, of the HTS films were dramatically improved by APCs. It is possible to form APCs in high-quality epitaxial films, keeping the desired dimensionality, volume fraction, spatial distribution and so on. The in-field Jc of HTS films at 77 K was improved by one order of magnitude compared with previous values using APCs. This technology can be applied to the coated conductor technology in progress, and a high Jc has already been reported. A current outline of the research is described in this review.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Role of health information technologies in the Patient-centered Medical Home.  

Science.gov (United States)

A national effort to reform primary care, known as the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), requires fulfillment of six standards determined by the National Committee for Quality Assurance to (1) enhance access and continuity, (2) identify and manage patient populations, (3) plan and manage care, (4) provide self-care and community support, (5) track and coordinate care, and (6) measure and improve performance. Information technologies play a vital role in the support of most, if not all, of these standards. However, given the newness of the PCMH, little is known on how health information technologies (HITs) have been employed to accomplish these objectives. This article will review the role of HITs, including electronic health records, web-based patient portals, telemedicine, and patient registries, with a focus on diabetes care, and how these technologies have been engaged in the establishment of the PCMH. In addition, we will discuss the benefits and potential risks and barriers to employing these technologies, including privacy and security concerns, as well as describe next steps for future work in this important area. PMID:24124967

Kraschnewski, Jennifer L; Gabbay, Robert A

2013-09-01

202

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, 1984-1985. Report to the President  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. The Plasma Fusion Center is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasma theory, rf heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices); (2) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields; (3) development of an innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with initial operation of the TARA tandem mirror experiment beginning in 1984; and (4) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements). A review of these programs is given

1985-01-01

203

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center: 1986-1987 Report to the President  

Science.gov (United States)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. The Plasma Fusion Center is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasma theory, RF heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scall experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices), (2) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields, (3) operation of the medium-scale TARA tandem mirror, an axisymmetric confinement configuration with inboard thermal barriers, and (4) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements).

1987-07-01

204

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center: 1986-1987 Report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. The Plasma Fusion Center is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (a) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasma theory, RF heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scall experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices), (b) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields, (c) operation of the medium-scale TARA tandem mirror, an axisymmetric confinement configuration with inboard thermal barriers, and (d) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements).

1987-07-01

205

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center, 1984-1985. Report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. The Plasma Fusion Center is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasma theory, rf heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices); (2) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields; (3) development of an innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with initial operation of the TARA tandem mirror experiment beginning in 1984; and (4) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements). A review of these programs is given.

1985-07-01

206

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center 1987--1988 report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. The Plasma Fusion Center is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion. Its research programs have produced significant results on several fronts: the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasmas theory, RF heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics, and intermediate-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices), major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields, experiments on the medium-scale TARA tandem mirror, including the development of novel MHD stabilization techniques in axisymmetric geometry, and a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter-wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements.

1988-06-01

207

Neptunium in aquatic ecosystems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The isotope of neptunium which is considered to be of most significance in aquatic ecosytems is Np-237. The occurrence of Np-237 is reported only in aquatic ecosystems contaminated by discharges from nuclear installations. A large proportion of the published information derives from the North Sea, where Np-237 is present as a result of discharges from the fuel reprocessing plant at Sellafield, Cumbria, UK. Concentrations of neptunium are listed for several aquatic components: water, sediments, plants, crustaceans, molluscs and fish. (Auth.)

1984-01-01

208

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... functional training, manual therapy, breathing strategies, electrotherapeutic modalities, physical agents and mechanical modalities using the properties of water and techniques unique to the aquatic ...

209

NEW APPROACHES TO ESTIMATING INDIRECT PHOTOLYSIS RATES IN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS  

Science.gov (United States)

Indirect photoreactions in aquatic environments are driven by reactive species, most of which are oxygen centered. Humic substances play an important role in photosensitizing the production of these reactive species, which include singlet molecular oxygen, superoxide ions, hydrog...

210

Health information technology capacity at federally qualified health centers: a mechanism for improving quality of care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities, particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs on improving quality of care is not well understood. We examined associations between health information technology (HIT capacity at FQHCs and quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summary, frequency of patients receiving reminders/notifications for preventive care/follow-up care, and timely appointment for specialty care. Methods The analyses used 2009 data from the National Survey of Federally Qualified Health Centers. The study included 776 of the FQHCs that participated in the survey. We examined the extent of HIT use and tested the hypothesis that level of HIT capacity is associated with quality of care. Multivariable logistic regressions, reporting unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios, were used to examine whether ‘FQHCs’ HIT capacity’ is associated with the outcome measures. Results The results showed a positive association between health information technology capacity and quality of care. FQHCs with higher HIT capacity were significantly more likely to have improved quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summaries (OR=1.43; CI=1.01, 2.40, the use of a patient notification system for preventive and follow-up care (OR=1.74; CI=1.23, 2.45, and timely appointment for specialty care (OR=1.77; CI=1.24, 2.53. Conclusions Our findings highlight the promise of HIT in improving quality of care, particularly for vulnerable populations who seek care at FQHCs. The results also show that FQHCs may not be maximizing the benefits of HIT. Efforts to implement HIT must include strategies that facilitate the implementation of comprehensive and advanced functionalities, as well as promote meaningful use of these systems. Further examination of the role of health information systems in clinical decision-making and improvements in patient outcomes are needed to better understand the benefits of HIT in improving overall quality of care.

Frimpong Jemima A

2013-01-01

211

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) Sodium Bearing Waste - Waste Incidental to Reprocessing Determination  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

U.S. Department of Energy Manual 435.1-1, Radioactive Waste Management, Section I.1.C, requires that all radioactive waste subject to Department of Energy Order 435.1 be managed as high-level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, or low-level radioactive waste. Determining the radiological classification of the sodium-bearing waste currently in the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility inventory is important to its proper treatment and disposition. This report presents the technical basis for making the determination that the sodium-bearing waste is waste incidental to spent fuel reprocessing and should be managed as mixed transuranic waste. This report focuses on the radiological characteristics of the sodium-bearing waste. The report does not address characterization of the nonradiological, hazardous constituents of the waste in accordance with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act requirements

2002-01-01

212

Calcine Waste Storage at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A potential option in the program for long-term management of high-level wastes at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, calls for retrieving calcine waste and converting it to a more stable and less dispersible form. An inventory of calcine produced during the period December 1963 to May 1999 has been prepared based on calciner run, solids storage facilities operating, and miscellaneous operational information, which gives the range of chemical compositions of calcine waste stored at INTEC. Information researched includes calciner startup data, waste solution analyses and volumes calcined, calciner operating schedules, solids storage bin capacities, calcine storage bin distributor systems, and solids storage bin design and temperature monitoring records. Unique information on calcine solids storage facilities design of potential interest to remote retrieval operators is given.

M. D. Staiger

1999-06-01

213

Current Development of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion technologies at the Center for Space Nuclear Research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Nuclear power and propulsion has been considered for space applications since the 1950s. Between 1955 and 1972 the US built and tested over twenty nuclear reactors / rocket engines in the Rover/NERVA programs1. The Aerojet Corporation was the prime contractor for the NERVA program. Modern changes in environmental laws present challenges for the redevelopment of the nuclear rocket. Recent advances in fuel fabrication and testing options indicate that a nuclear rocket with a fuel composition that is significantly different from those of the NERVA project can be engineered; this may be needed to ensure public support and compliance with safety requirements. The Center for Space Nuclear Research (CSNR) is pursuing a number of technologies, modeling and testing processes to further the development of safe, practical and affordable nuclear thermal propulsion systems.

Robert C. O' Brien; Steven K. Cook; Nathan D. Jerred; Steven D. Howe; Ronald Samborsky; Daniel Brasuell

2012-09-01

214

Annual report of Nuclear Technology and Education Center (April 1, 2005 - March 31, 2006)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarizes the activities of the Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in the fiscal year 2005. On unification of JAERI and JNC on October, 2005, the former NuTEC of JAERI and the Human Resources Development Section of JNC were reorganized as the new NuTEC. Concomitantly, the training courses on nuclear emergency preparedness, held at the former NuTEC, was transferred to NEAT, JAEA, and the management related to university cooperation was assigned as one of the tasks of the new NuTEC. In total, the number of trainees for the general domestic training courses was 652, while that for the staff technical training courses was 616. The international training courses have also been carried out as planned. In addition, supportive activities for the Nuclear Professional School of Tokyo University, commenced in April, 2005, have been made mainly concerning the experimental exercises for the students. (author)

2006-01-01

215

Environment, Safety and Health Progress Assessment of the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents the result of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Progress Assessment of the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) in Morgantown, West Virginia. METC is currently a research and development facility, managed by DOE`s Office of Fossil Energy. Its goal is to focus energy research and development to develop engineered fossil fuel systems, that are economically viable and environmentally sound, for commercial application. There is clear evidence that, since the 1991 Tiger Team Assessment, substantial progress has been made by both FE and METC in most aspects of their ES&H program. The array of new and restructured organizations, systems, and programs at FE and METC; increased assignments of staff to support these initiatives; extensive training activities; and the maturing planning processes, all reflect a discernable, continuous improvement in the quality of the ES&H performance.

1993-08-01

216

Allelopathy of Aquatic Autotrophs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Allelopathy in aquatic environments may provide a competitive advantage to angiosperms, algae, or cyanobacteria in their interaction with other primary producers. Allelopathy can influence the competition between different photoautotrophs for resources and change the succession of species, for exarnple, in phytoplankton cornmunities. Field evidence and laboratory studies indicate that allelopathy occurs in all aquatic habitats (marine and freshwater), and that ail prirnary producing organisms...

Gross, Elisabeth

2003-01-01

217

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... can be derived from the National Swimming Pool Foundation (NSPF) website: nspf.org How long should someone be/can someone be required to be in the water? The Aquatic Therapy and Rehab Institute (ATRI) published a document called Safety Standards for Aquatic Therapy ...

218

Aquatic biology studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aquatic biology studies focused on studying the hydrothermal effects of Par Pond reservoir on periphyton, plankton, zooplankton, macrophytes, human pathogens, and microbial activity; the variability between the artificial streams of the Flowing Streams Laboratory and Upper Three Runs Creek; and the bacterial production of methane in Savannah River Plant aquatic systems

1976-01-01

219

NASA Education and Educational Technologies Exemplified by the Space Weather Action Center Program  

Science.gov (United States)

We explore here the Space Weather Action Center (SWAC) Program, as an example of NASA initiatives in education. Many human activities in space can be disrupted by space weather. The main objective of this program is to enable students to produce space weather forecasts by accessing current NASA data. Implementation of the SWAC Program requires: technological resources, online materials, and systematic work. Instructional guides, materials and methods are explained on the Space Weather Action Center Web site (http://sunearthday.nasa.gov/swac). Ultimately, students’ forecasts can be presented through a variety of accessible media including inexpensive video editing software and/or already existing school-based broadcast studios. This cross-curricular program is targeted to middle and high school and can be applied in almost all educational contexts as the number of schools with computer and internet access increases worldwide. SWAC is a pioneer initiative that contributes to fostering student interest in STEM and promotes their intellectual autonomy. Through SWAC, they get to act like real scientists by accessing, analyzing, recording, and communicating space weather forecasts in a professional approach.

Reis, Norma Teresinha Oliveira; André, Claudio; Cline, Troy D.; Eastman, Timothy E.; Maher, Margaret J.; Mayo, Louis A.; Lewis, Elaine M.

220

Control Technology Center 1990. A year of expanding service. Final report Oct 89-Sep 90  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The report discusses services provided by EPA's Control Technology Center (CTC) during FY90. The CTC, developed by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) and Office of Air Planning Quality and Standards (OAQPS), is an innovative technical assistance program for state and local air pollution agencies and EPA's regional offices. Since the CTC's inception, its program has expanded to address more than just air toxics issues. It now addresses emission source and control technology problems associated with air toxics, particulate matter, oxides of sulfur and nitrogen, carbon monoxide, lead, PM10, and volatile organic compounds. The CTC is designed to be flexible so that it can respond quickly to many client needs as they arise. The CTC provides three categories of services: telephone HOTLINE assistance (919/541-0800), direct engineering assistance, and technical guidance. The HOTLINE permits easy access for state and local agencies to EPA personnel who can provide prompt assistance in a variety of ways, including consultations, references to pertinent literature, and access to EPA technical data and analyses. Direct engineering assistance is short-term, averaging about 3 months and providing technical assistance without regard to national utility. Technical guidance is longer term, up to a year, broader in scope, and with national applications.

Darvin, C.H.; Blaszczak, R.J.; Crabtree, B.

1991-07-01

 
 
 
 
221

Dissemination of Advanced Mouse Resources and Technologies at RIKEN BioResource Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RIKEN BioResource Center (BRC has collected, preserved, conducted quality control of, and distributed mouse resources since 2002 as the core facility of the National BioResource Project by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT, Japan. Our mouse resources include over 5,000 strains such as humanized disease models, fluorescent reporters, and knockout mice. We have developed novel mouse strains such as tissue-specific Cre-drivers and optogenetic strains that are in high demand by the research community. We have removed all our specified pathogens from the deposited mice and used our quality control tests to examine their genetic modifications and backgrounds. RIKEN BRC is a founding member of the Federation of International Mouse Resources and the Asian Mouse Mutagenesis and Resource Association, and provides mouse resources to the one-stop International Mouse Strain Resource database. RIKEN BRC also participates in the International Gene Trap Consortium, having registered 713 gene-trap clones and their sequences in a public library, and is an advisory member of the CREATE (Coordination of resources for conditional expression of mutated mouse alleles consortium which represents major European and international mouse database holders for the integration and dissemination of Cre-driver strains. RIKEN BRC provides training courses in the use of advanced technologies for the quality control and cryopreservation of mouse strains to promote the effective use of mouse resources worldwide.

Atsushi Yoshiki

2010-12-01

222

Recent Stirling Conversion Technology Developments and Operational Measurements at NASA Glenn Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

In support of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) project and other potential applications, NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has initiated convertor technology development efforts in the areas of acoustic emission, electromagnetic field mitigation, thermoacoustic Stirling conversion, and multiple-cylinder alpha arrangements of Stirling machines. The acoustic emission measurement effort was developed as a health monitoring metric for several Stirling convertors undergoing life testing. While accelerometers have been used in the past to monitor dynamic signature, the acoustic sensors were chosen to monitor cycle events, such gas bearing operation. Several electromagnetic interference (EMI) experiments were performed on a pair of Advanced Stirling Convertors (ASC). These tests demonstrated that a simple bucking coil was capable of reducing the alternating current (ac) magnetic field below the ASRG system specification. The thermoacoustic Stirling concept eliminates the displacer typically found in Stirling machines by making use of the pressure oscillations of a traveling acoustic wave. A 100 W-class thermoacoustic Stirling prototype manufactured by Northrop Grumman Space and Technology was received and tested. Another thermoacoustic prototype designed and fabricated by Sunpower, Inc., will be tested in the near future. A four cylinder free piston alpha prototype convertor was received from Sunpower, Inc. and has been tested at GRC. This hardware was used as a proof of concept to validate thermodynamic models and demonstrate stable operation of multiple-cylinder free-piston Stirling conversion. This paper will discuss each of these activities and the results they produced.

Oriti, Salvatore M.; Schifer, Nicholas A.

2010-01-01

223

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center: 1985-1986 report to the President  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasmas theory, rf heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices), (2) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields, (3) development of an innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with encouraging results from the initial phase of operation of the TARA tandem mirror experiment, and (4) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements)

1986-01-01

224

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Fusion Center: 1985-1986 report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the past year, technical progress has been made in all Plasma Fusion Center (PFC) research programs. Its research programs have produced significant results on four fronts: (1) the basic physics of high-temperature plasmas (plasmas theory, rf heating, free electron lasers, development of advanced diagnostics and small-scale experiments on the Versator tokamak and Constance mirror devices), (2) major confinement results on the Alcator C tokamak, including pioneering investigations of the stability, heating, and confinement properties of plasmas at high densities, temperatures and magnetic fields, (3) development of an innovative design for axisymmetric tandem mirrors with inboard thermal barriers, with encouraging results from the initial phase of operation of the TARA tandem mirror experiment, and (4) a broad program of fusion technology and engineering development that addresses problems in several critical subsystem areas (e.g., magnet systems, superconducting materials development, environmental and safety studies, advanced millimeter wave source development, and system studies of fusion reactor design, operation, and technology requirements).

1986-07-01

225

Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) (formerly ICPP) ash reutilization study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 1984, the coal-fired plant at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC, formerly Idaho Chemical Processing Plant) has been generating fly ash at a rate of approximately 1,000 tons per year. This ash is hydrated and placed in an ash bury pit near the coal-fired plant. The existing ash bury pit will be full in less than 1 year at its present rate of use. A conceptual design to build a new ash bury pit was completed, and the new pit is estimated to cost $1.7 million. This report evaluates ash reutilization alternatives that propose to eliminate this waste stream and save the $1.7 million required to build a new pit. The alternatives include using ash for landfill day cover, concrete admixture, flowable fill, soil stabilization, waste remediation, and carbon recovery technology. Both physical and chemical testing, under the guidance of the American Society for Testing and Materials, have been performed on ash from the existing pit and from different steps within the facility's processes. The test results have been evaluated, compared to commercial ash, and are discussed as they relate to reutilization alternatives. This study recommends that the ash be used in flowable fill concrete for Deactivation and Demolition work at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory

1998-01-01

226

Influence of assisted reproductive technologies on imprinting centers and functional characterization of conserved elements in Beckwith Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) region  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The epigenetic mark such as DNA methylation, at imprinted centers is often disrupted in imprinting syndromes in human. Recently these epigenetic alterations have also been implicated in assisted reproduction technology (ART) derived syndromes. The DMRs (sometimes also called imprinting centers) are indispensable for gene regulation in the imprinting domains. However the details of tissue and allele specific gene regulation in imprinted regions are poorly understood. In this study I investigat...

Khare, Tarang

2006-01-01

227

Development of Russian's industrial and technological resources required to produce PET center equipment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Positron emission tomography (PET) is one of the most sensitive and promising methods of nuclear medicine. During the last 10-15 years positron-emission tomography (PET) has developed into a routine clinical diagnostics approach used in oncology, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry and pharmacokinetics applications. Present broad application of PET is associated with the use of not only very short-lived ''bio-isotopes'', but also of other, longer-lived positron emitters and generator systems. At present, PET technique is becoming increasingly important in clinical functional diagnostics. Considering the growing demand from domestic medical institutions in PET diagnostic equipment, the task of providing the national clinics with such instruments becomes not only topical, but vital. Although to present days major medical institutions in Moscow and in St. Petersburg have started procuring imported instruments for their PET, Russia's industrial and technological resources required to produce PET center equipment are already enough developed. Research and development efforts that have been underway at Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Efremov Scientific Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus (NIIEFA) with participation of Central Scientific Research Roentgen-Radiological Institute (CNIRRI) and Bakulev Cardiovascular Surgery Scientific Center (BCSSC) engendered a theoretical, technical and technological foundation for design and production of the equipment required to implement PET technique in the Russian clinical environment. A several cyclotrons with target systems for PET-radionuclide production has been constructed and manufactured. The line of this cyclotrons including negative ion cyclotron CC-18/9 with vertical magnet and simultaneous dual beam extraction for accelerating 18 MeV protons 100 ?A extracted beam current and 9 MeV deuterons 50 ?A extracted beam current and negative ion cyclotron CC-12 with vertical magnet and simultaneous dual beam extraction for accelerating 12 MeV protons 100 ?A extracted beam current. Set of units for radiochemical laboratories of PET-centers has been manufactured and put in operation for automated radiochemical production of compounds and radiopharmaceuticals labeled by PET radionuclides. The set include modules for the synthesis of 11C-fatty acids, of 11C-methylation tracers, of 18F-FDG and 13 N-ammonium. Two types of shielding boxes for putting up radiochemical modules have been constructed and manufactured too. A full automated Rb-82 generator infusion system has been constructed. Rb-82 generator system provides bolus and continuous injections under computer control with display output of all required current information. At the 90 years last century experimental specimen of a full-body PET-scanner has been designed and manufactured in ITEP. This scanner comprises two half-rings with 9x18x30 mm bismuth germanate detectors housed in a circle of 1080 mm radius. From December 2005 design of high resolution PETscanner for animal experimental investigations was started in collaboration ITEP and NIIEFA. This scanner will comprise three rings with the arrays of LYSO detectors. The arrays has 11 x 11 elements with pixels 1.6 xl.6 x 10 mm. PET-scanner will be manufactured and put in run in 2007. What is being produced in Russia for PET-centers at present is shown. Complex of technical and clinical trials of presented above units have been done. Two cyclotrons CC18 put in operation in Turku (Finland) and CNIRRI (S.-Peterburg, Russia). Cyclotron CC-12 is under construction now. Set of radiochemical modules now put in ran at CNIRRI and BCSSC and use for clinical investigations more then one thousand of patients. Nine shielding boxes are using in PETcenter CNIRRI now. The Rb-82 generator system have passed integration engineering tests. The system operates reliably within the designed specifications. Now Rb-82 generator system under validation procedure in Miami, USA. Technical parameters and clinical result of using of Russian's PET technique are corresponding

2007-11-01

228

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and land-based therapy. What is the required ratio of patients to PTs/PTAs? This is governed ... have the same diagnosis. Is there a required ratio of land to aquatic therapy required for reimbursement? ...

229

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... with hypertonicity/spasticity issues What is the required level of chlorine for aquatic therapy pools? This is ... While there are specific standards for acceptable chemical levels, one must first be aware of those enforced ...

230

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and while not all states have adequate swimming codes, this is an option. Per the Occupational Safety ... pools need lifeguards? This is dependent upon local codes. Are aquatic PTs required to be certified in ...

231

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a physical therapist, or a physical therapist assistant under the supervision of a physical therapist. Aquatic Physical ... is encouraged to refer to the APTA website under research and follow the prompts to utilize various ...

232

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... implementation of such therapy must comply with all standards of care which impact all other treatment services. ... Rehab Institute (ATRI) published a document called Safety Standards for Aquatic Therapy and Rehabilitation Practitioners - http://www. ...

233

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... office directly for assistance in how to proceed. Are there particular patients that should or should not ... is the practice analysis currently being conducted. What are the current trends in aquatic physical therapy? Trends ...

234

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Poo l Foundation (NSPF) website: nspf.org How does one go about reporting a bad working environment ( ... Aquatics. Will Medicare reimburse for group therapy or does the treatment need to be one-on-one? ...

235

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... of Aquatic Physical Therapy," Volume 10 Number 1, Spring 2002, addressing the history. The focus of research ... physical therapists which should be available in the Spring of 2014. What education requirements are needed to ...

236

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Section's "Developing an Aquatic Physical Therapy Program." (Click here to download order form) Are there any potential ... and Prevention : CDC.gov What is lifeguard lung? Here is link to a citation for an article ...

237

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... in their private pools in their homes? Things to consider include: (a) State Practice Act (b) Liability insurance (c) Local regulations Do aquatic PT pools need lifeguards? ...

238

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... physical therapists which should be available in the Spring of 2014. What education requirements are needed to specialize in Aquatic PT? Water safety, risk management, and an understanding of hydrodynamic ...

239

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... must comply with all standards of care which impact all other treatment services. Aquatic Exercise is the ... temperature, water and air chemistry, and personal medical factors). Additional sites with respect to water safety are ...

240

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... assistance in how to proceed. Are there particular patients that should or should not have aquatic physical ... based therapy. What is the required ratio of patients to PTs/PTAs? This is governed by the ...

 
 
 
 
241

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and pay for Aquatics. Will Medicare reimburse for group therapy or does the treatment need to be ... one-on-one. How many patients constitute a group for group therapy? Two to five and in ...

242

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... designed to improve or maintain: function aerobic capacity/endurance conditioning balance, coordination and agility body mechanics and ... gait and locomotion relaxation muscle strength, power, and endurance Interventions used in Aquatic Physical Therapy include, but ...

243

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Are there particular patients that should or should not have aquatic physical therapy? Indications/contraindications? This is ... by the individual State Practice Acts. Supervision is not different between pool and land-based therapy. What ...

244

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... engines to custom your search. Additionally, on this web page, one can, if an Aquatic Section member, ... www.osha.gov/fso/osp/index.html . This Web page provides links for the states that have ...

245

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... needed to specialize in Aquatic PT? Water safety, risk management, and an understanding of hydrodynamic principles and various ... to drowning). Additionally, one may want to engage risk management specialists to determine the exact risks inherent at ...

246

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... addressing the history. The focus of research and study is the practice analysis currently being conducted. What are the current trends in aquatic physical therapy? Trends vary depending on ...

247

Aquatic Ecology Section  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Population studies included stock-progeny models of use in impact analyses; density-dependent function for fishing mortality; and the effect of growth curve and sampling regime on various methods for estimating aquatic insect production; a computer simulation. Studies on ecological effects included radiological and chemical effects. Ecological transport studies were conducted on transport of radionuclides and trace elements. Other activities included environmental monitoring of aquatic ecosystems, conferences, and marine studies

1977-11-01

248

Activities of JAEA in the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the Headquarter of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) was established in Moscow, Russian Federation in 1994, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), which includes both Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute and Japan has been made various, considerable contributions as well as participation in partner projects in ISTC activities. By the way, the Russian Federation Party, which is a Government Board Member of ISTC, made the statement that the Russian Federation would withdraw from ISTC until the end of 2015 in the 52th Government Board in held Moscow, 9 December 2010. This is based on the possible consequences of the Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation dated 11 August 2010 with respect to the withdraw of the Russian Federation from ISTC. So that the Government Board has been discussing about the continuation and/or the establishment of a new organization for ISTC. In any case, the Headquarter of ISTC could stay at Moscow until the end of 2015 at latest. This time is considered as a transition period of ISTC and it is summarized that the collaborations, contributions of JAEA and outcomes from them for ISTC activities in this report. (author)

2010-12-09

249

Annual report of Nuclear Technology and Education Center. April 1, 2007-March 31, 2008  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report summarizes the activities of Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in the fiscal year 2007. This is the third year since the inauguration of JAEA, and NuTEC now flexibly designs and carries out training courses upon request while carrying out the annually scheduled training programs. During this period, the number of trainees completing the domestic training courses was 466, and that for staff technical training was 694. Three prep-examination training courses for '1st class radiation protection supervisor', 'Nuclear fuel protection supervisor' and 'Professional engineer on nuclear and radiation' which were opened only for staff members were newly opened to the public. JAEA continued its cooperative activities with universities; cooperation with graduate school of University of Tokyo, cooperative graduate school program with 14 graduate schools and 1 under-graduate school, and Nuclear HRD Program initiated by MEXT and METI implemented since 2007. Joint course has started networking 3 universities utilizing the Japan Nuclear Education Network, and trial experimental courses for students from newly participating universities were offered. International cooperation was also conducted as scheduled. Joint training course and Instructor training program were carried out bilaterally with Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Human Resources Development Workshop under the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia was arranged, and Asian Nuclear Training and Education Program to enhance the matching of the needs and available training program of the participating countries were discussed. (author)

2009-01-01

250

Calcined Waste Storage at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This comprehensive report provides definitive volume, mass, and composition (chemical and radioactivity) of calcined waste stored at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center. Calcine composition data are required for regulatory compliance (such as permitting and waste disposal), future treatment of the caline, and shipping the calcine to an off-Site-facility (such as a geologic repository). This report also contains a description of the calcine storage bins. The Calcined Solids Storage Facilities (CSSFs) were designed by different architectural engineering firms and built at different times. Each CSSF has a unique design, reflecting varying design criteria and lessons learned from historical CSSF operation. The varying CSSF design will affect future calcine retrieval processes and equipment. Revision 4 of this report presents refinements and enhancements of calculations concerning the composition, volume, mass, chemical content, and radioactivity of calcined waste produced and stored within the CSSFs. The historical calcine samples are insufficient in number and scope of analysis to fully characterize the entire inventory of calcine in the CSSFs. Sample data exist for all the liquid wastes that were calcined. This report provides calcine composition data based on liquid waste sample analyses, volume of liquid waste calcined, calciner operating data, and CSSF operating data using several large Microsoft Excel (Microsoft 2003) databases and spreadsheets that are collectively called the Historical Processing Model. The calcine composition determined by this method compares favorably with historical calcine sample data.

Staiger, M. Daniel, Swenson, Michael C.

2011-09-01

251

Personnel Dose Monitoring in Nuclear Technology Center for Materials and Radiometry - BATAN Bandung  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Personnel dose monitoring in Nuclear Technology Center for Materials and Radiometry (PTNBR) has been done using TLD NG-7776 dan TLD NG-0670 cards with the holder of TLD NG-7776 dan TLD NG-0670 respectively. The monitoring is subjected to all radiation worker who have been exposed to occupational dose. The aim of the monitoring is to keep the occupational dose not exceeding the dose limit established by BAPETEN. The management of personnel dose monitoring including : preparation, dosemeter distribution to radiation workers, dose evaluation and report. The personnel dose monitoring from the year of 2006 until 2008 is presented in this report. The result shows that most radiation workers in PTNBR received the occupational dose on the range of 1,1 – 2 mSv dan 2,1 – 3 mSv. In the year of 2007 the highest occupational dose of 9,52 mSv was received by Radiation Protection Officer (RPO) and one of radiation worker who work in radiation control area with contamination hazard potential received 8,16 mSv. In the reactor division with the activity during the year of 2007 is dominated by sipping test of nuclear fuel element giving the highest contribution of occupational dose of 6,44 mSv to one of the reactor operator. From the monitoring of personnel dose in the year 2006 until 2008 it is concluded that there is no worker who received the dose over the dose limit of 50 mSv. (author)

2009-11-01

252

Genetic evaluation of mesenchymal stem cells by G-banded karyotyping in a Cell Technology Center  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To present the initial results of first three years of implementation of a genetic evaluation test for bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a Cell Technology Center. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out of 21 candidates for cell therapy. After the isolation of bon [...] e marrow mononuclear cells by density gradient, mesenchymal stem cells were cultivated and expanded at least until the second passage. Cytogenetic analyses were performed before and after cell expansion (62 samples) using G-banded karyotyping. RESULTS: All the samples analyzed, before and after cell expansion, had normal karyotypes, showing no clonal chromosomal changes. Signs of chromosomal instability were observed in 11 out of 21 patients (52%). From a total of 910 analyzed metaphases, five chromatid gaps, six chromatid breaks and 14 tetraploid cells were detected giving as total of 25 metaphases with chromosome damage (2.75%). CONCLUSION: The absence of clonal chromosomal aberrations in our results for G-banded karyotyping shows the maintenance of chromosomal stability of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells until the second passage; however, signs of chromosomal instability such as chromatid gaps, chromosome breaks and tetraploidy indicate that the long-term cultivation of these cells can provide an intermediate step for tumorigenesis.

Tamara, Borgonovo; Isadora May, Vaz; Alexandra Cristina, Senegaglia; Carmen Lucia Kuniyoshi, Rebelatto; Paulo Roberto Slud, Brofman.

253

The Chicago Center for Green Technology: life-cycle assessment of a brownfield redevelopment project  

Science.gov (United States)

The sustainable development of brownfields reflects a fundamental, yet logical, shift in thinking and policymaking regarding pollution prevention. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool that can be used to assist in determining the conformity of brownfield development projects to the sustainability paradigm. LCA was applied to the process of a real brownfield redevelopment project, now known as the Chicago Center for Green Technology, to determine the cumulative energy required to complete the following redevelopment stages: (1) brownfield assessment and remediation, (2) building rehabilitation and site development and (3) ten years of operation. The results of the LCA have shown that operational energy is the dominant life-cycle stage after ten years of operation. The preservation and rehabilitation of the existing building, the installation of renewable energy systems (geothermal and photovoltaic) on-site and the use of more sustainable building products resulted in 72 terajoules (TJ) of avoided energy impacts, which would provide 14 years of operational energy for the site. Methodological note: data for this life-cycle assessment were obtained from project reports, construction blueprints and utility bills.

Brecheisen, Thomas; Theis, Thomas

2013-03-01

254

Annual report of Nuclear Technology and Education Center. April 1, 2006 - March 31, 2007  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This annual report summarizes the activities of Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in the fiscal year 2006, which has started half a year after the unification of the training sections of JAERI and JNC. During this period, NuTEC has conducted its training activities as planned. The number of trainees completing the domestic training courses was 518, and that for staff technical training was 545. A 'Qualification course for the 3rd class radiation protection supervisor' has been newly implemented, and a trial 'Preparatory course for qualifying examination for professional engineer in the nuclear and radiation fields' has been held for the staff members. In addition, preparative work has been performed for opening some of the staff training courses to the public. International cooperation was also conducted as scheduled, and setting up new training sites at Ongkharak, Thailand and Dalat, Vietnam has been supported. Cooperation for Nuclear Professional School, School of Engineering, the University of Tokyo which opened in 2005, has been duly continued. (author)

2008-01-01

255

Use of qualitative methods and user-centered design to develop customized health information technology tools within federally qualified health centers to keep children insured.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lack of health insurance negatively impacts children's health. Despite federal initiatives to expand children's coverage and accelerate state outreach efforts, millions of US children remain uninsured or experience frequent gaps in coverage. Most current efforts to enroll and retain eligible children in public insurance programs take place outside of the health care system. This study is a partnership between patients' families, medical informaticists, federally qualified health center (FQHC) staff, and researchers to build and test information technology tools to help FQHCs reach uninsured children and those at risk for losing coverage. PMID:24594562

DeVoe, Jennifer; Angier, Heather; Likumahuwa, Sonja; Hall, Jennifer; Nelson, Christine; Dickerson, Kay; Keller, Sara; Burdick, Tim; Cohen, Deborah

2014-01-01

256

Developments in flue gas cleanup research at the Federal Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A major research effort in the cleanup of flue gas, which is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels, is being conducted by the in-house research program at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Novel technologies being developed can abate sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), hazardous air pollutants (also referred to as air toxics), and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) from flue gas. Laws within the US mandate the control of some of these pollutants and the initial characterization of others, while potential new regulations impact the status of others. Techniques that can control one or more of the targeted pollutants in an environmentally and economically acceptable manner are of prime interest. Past efforts have included low-temperature dry scrubbing SO{sub 2} removal techniques that typically use a calcium or sodium-based disposable sorbent either in a spray drying mode or in a duct injection mode of operation; novel techniques for enhancing sorbent utilization in conventional wet or dry scrubbing processes; and control of emissions produced from small-scale combustors (residential or commercial-size) that burn coal or coal/sorbent briquettes. Recent research at FETC has focused on investigations of air toxics produced by burning various coals, with a particular emphasis on the speciation of mercury and the control of the various mercury species; dry, regenerable sorbent processes that use a metal oxide sorbent to simultaneously remove SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x}; catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR)-type NO{sub x} control; and the utilization and sequestering of CO{sub 2} removed from flue gas produced by fossil fuel combustion. The research projects range from laboratory-scale work to testing with the combustion products of coal at a scale equivalent to about 0.75 megawatt of electric power generation. An overview and status of the in-house flue gas cleanup projects at FETC are reported.

Pennline, H.W.; Hargis, R.A.; Hedges, S.W.; Hoffman, J.S.; O`Dowd, W.J.; Warzinski, R.P.; Yeh, J.T.; Scierka, S.J.; Granite, E.J. [Dept. of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Federal Energy Technology Center

1997-12-31

257

Status of teaching elementary science for English learners in science, mathematics and technology centered magnet schools  

Science.gov (United States)

According to the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (2001), one in three students speaks a language other than English. Additionally, the Commission stated that a student is considered to be an English learner if the second language acquisition is English. In California more than 1.4 million English learners enter school speaking a variety of languages, and this number continues to rise. There is an imminent need to promote instructional strategies that support this group of diverse learners. Although this was not a California study, the results derived from the nationwide participants' responses provided a congruent assessment of the basic need to provide effective science teaching strategies to all English learners. The purpose of this study was to examine the status of elementary science teaching practices used with English learners in kindergarten through fifth grade in public mathematics, science, and technology-centered elementary magnet schools throughout the country. This descriptive research was designed to provide current information and to identify trends in the areas of curriculum and instruction for English learners in science themed magnet schools. This report described the status of elementary (grades K-5) school science instruction for English learners based on the responses of 116 elementary school teachers: 59 grade K-2, and 57 grade 3-5 teachers. Current research-based approaches support incorporating self-directed learning strategy, expository teaching strategy, active listening strategies, questioning strategies, wait time strategy, small group strategy, peer tutoring strategy, large group learning strategy, demonstrations strategy, formal debates strategy, review sessions strategy, mediated conversation strategy, cooperative learning strategy, and theme-based instruction into the curriculum to assist English learners in science education. Science Technology Society (STS) strategy, problem-based learning strategy, discovery learning strategy, constructivist learning strategy, learning cycle strategy, SCALE technique strategy, conceptual change strategy, inquiry-based strategy, cognitive academic language learning approach (CALLA) strategy, and learning from text strategy provide effective science teaching instruction to English learners. These science instructional strategies assist elementary science teachers by providing additional support to make science instruction more comprehensible for English learners.

Han, Alyson Kim

258

A Student-Centered Perspective of Technology for Learning at California Community Colleges  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates how community college students' current levels of computer technology competence, confidence and attitudes toward technology in learning at a community college are affected by current access to technology and by demographic characteristics as well as by past experiences with computer technology. The research questions…

Regalado, Maria Carmen

2010-01-01

259

Transfer of oil shale research data into the Morgantown Energy Technology Center data base  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Department of Energy (DOE), Morgantown Energy Technology Center constructed a fossil energy research data base to make data readily available to the public, to avoid duplication of research, to guide future research, and to reduce costs of future research. Western Research Institute (WRI) was awarded a contract to put data from work done prior to 1983 into the data base. Most of the data that WRI transferred to DOE on magnetic tape was oil shale data because the underground coal gasification (UCG) data base was not ready to receive data until late in the contract period. The high cost of processing data in the manner specified prevented all of the highly ranked data from being transferred with available funding. One hundred and ten sets of data were transferred to DOE on magnetic tape: ninety-three sets of oil shale data and two sets of UCG data to the test data data base, and fifteen sets of oil shale data including assay, mineralogy, and lithology data from 12,907 samples using 7,972,404 computer words to the resource extraction data base. Two thousand and seventy sets of data were microfiched and transferred to DOE; these included 1111 sets of oil shale data, 211 sets of tar sands data, 195 sets of UCG data, and 216 sets of environmental data. Three recommendations are made for reducing the cost of transferring data into the data base: (1) eliminate the use of data input forms, (2) eliminate the waiting time between responses from the computer, and (3) keep the data base updated. 3 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Merriam, N. W.

1987-09-01

260

Preoperational Subsurface Conditions at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Service Wastewater Discharge Facility  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) Service Wastewater Discharge Facility replaces the existing percolation ponds as a disposal facility for the INTEC Service Waste Stream. A preferred alternative for helping decrease water content in the subsurface near INTEC, closure of the existing ponds is required by the INTEC Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Record of Decision (ROD) for Waste Area Group 3 Operable Unit 3-13 (DOE-ID 1999a). By August 2002, the replacement facility was constructed approximately 2 miles southwest of INTEC, near the Big Lost River channel. Because groundwater beneath the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is protected under Federal and State of Idaho regulations from degradation due to INEEL activities, preoperational data required by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1 were collected. These data include preexisting physical, chemical, and biological conditions that could be affected by the discharge; background levels of radioactive and chemical components; pertinent environmental and ecological parameters; and potential pathways for human exposure or environmental impact. This document presents specific data collected in support of DOE Order 5400.1, including: four quarters of groundwater sampling and analysis of chemical and radiological parameters; general facility description; site specific geology, stratigraphy, soils, and hydrology; perched water discussions; and general regulatory requirements. However, in order to avoid duplication of previous information, the reader is directed to other referenced publications for more detailed information. Documents that are not readily available are compiled in this publication as appendices. These documents include well and borehole completion reports, a perched water evaluation letter report, the draft INEEL Wellhead Protection Program Plan, and the Environmental Checklist.

Ansley, Shannon L.

2002-02-20

 
 
 
 
261

Preoperational Subsurface Conditions at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Service Waste Disposal Facility  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) Service Wastewater Discharge Facility replaces the existing percolation ponds as a disposal facility for the INTEC Service Waste Stream. A preferred alternative for helping decrease water content in the subsurface near INTEC, closure of the existing ponds is required by the INTEC Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Record of Decision (ROD) for Waste Area Group 3 Operable Unit 3-13 (DOE-ID 1999a). By August 2002, the replacement facility was constructed approximately 2 miles southwest of INTEC, near the Big Lost River channel. Because groundwater beneath the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is protected under Federal and State of Idaho regulations from degradation due to INEEL activities, preoperational data required by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1 were collected. These data include preexisting physical, chemical, and biological conditions that could be affected by the discharge; background levels of radioactive and chemical components; pertinent environmental and ecological parameters; and potential pathways for human exposure or environmental impact. This document presents specific data collected in support of DOE Order 5400.1, including: four quarters of groundwater sampling and analysis of chemical and radiological parameters; general facility description; site specific geology, stratigraphy, soils, and hydrology; perched water discussions; and general regulatory requirements. However, in order to avoid duplication of previous information, the reader is directed to other referenced publications for more detailed information. Documents that are not readily available are compiled in this publication as appendices. These documents include well and borehole completion reports, a perched water evaluation letter report, the draft INEEL Wellhead Protection Program Plan, and the Environmental Checklist.

Ansley, Shannon Leigh

2002-02-01

262

The Terascale Simulation Tools and Technologies Center Annual Report August 15, 2001-September 30, 2002  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall goal of the TSTT Center is to enable the scientific community to more easily use modern high-order, adaptive, parallel mesh and discretization tools. To achieve this goal, we are following three distinct but related paths. The first is to work directly with a number of lead application teams (for the most part SciDAC-funded) to use such technologies in their application domains. The second is to create new technology that eases the use of such tools, not only for our designated application partners, but across a broad range of application areas that require mesh and discretization tools for scientific simulation. The main technology thrust is not to create new tools (although some of this will occur), but to create new capabilities that will allow the use of these tools interoperably. This very profound step can be compared to the shift from hand craftmanship to manufactured products with interchangable components which revolutionized the world economy one to two centuries ago. The third component of our efforts is to embed this work in a larger framework of related activities, each seeking a similar, and profound, change in the practice of computational science. To ensure the relevance of our work to the SciDAC program goals, we originally selected six application areas, and in each, one or more application projects and teams with which to work directly. One application collaboration which targeted the development of an adaptive mesh refinement capability for the oceanographic code POP was postponed and may be dropped due to unanticipated technical obstacles in the specific goal selected. One new application involving jet breakup for spray combustion was added. The initial job of establishing good working relations, agreement on a plan of action, and obtaining initial results was accomplished in all cases. In general, our work with the applications has been more difficult than anticipated, in spite of the experience of the TSTT team members in similar application-motivated collaborations. For this reason, the routes to the goals have been modified in some cases, but good progress has been obtained for all of the targeted application teams. For example, in the case of the electromagnetic code for accelerator design, the original goal of developing more stable meshes has been enlarged to include the underlying difficulty which motivated this goal: to cure or ameliorate instabilities of the time stepping algorithm. With the fusion M3D code, we decided to work initially with a related, but smaller and more easily modified code from the same application team, for initial testing and proof of principle, as the full M3D code proved difficult to work with. In several applications (astrophysics, climate), our initial technology development goals were met, and while we await their use or evaluation, further collaborative goals will be pursued. The spray breakup problem achieved initial success and awaits adaptive TSTT technology to allow refined grid simulations for its next steps. We plan to continue the intensive effort to insert our existing advanced mesh and discretization technology into existing application codes for the coming year. Our main progress towards the development of new technology has been the definition of the low level interface to a variety of mesh generation and adaptive mesh management tools. This interface provides a common calling convention that will allow an application to call any compliant mesh tool in an interchangeable fashion. Most of the TSTT advanced meshing tools have been or will be made compliant to this interface. We have also pursued one-on-one interoperability goals with the development of interoperability between the FronTier front-tracking library and the Overture mesh library. This goal, advanced from year two to year one because of its need in one of our applications, has made good progress, and will be completed in the coming year. Finally, we mention the integration of this effort (interoperability and applications) with a larger computational science effort. The importanc

Glimm, J; Brown, D L; Freitag, L

2002-09-30

263

The Software Technology Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Software engineering technology transfer in a scientific R&D laboratory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Software engineering technology transfer for productivity and quality improvement can be difficult to initiate and sustain in a non-profit research laboratory where the concepts of profit and loss do not exist. In this experience report, the author discusses the approach taken to establish and maintain a software engineering technology transfer organization at a large R&D laboratory.

Zucconi, L.

1993-12-01

264

Health care needs and services for technology-dependent children in developmental centers.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In an attempt to document the trend toward a more seriously ill and medically needy population of children in California state developmental centers, we studied the medical status and health care needs of the pediatric and young adult population (birth to 22 years of age) residing in all acute care and skilled nursing care units in developmental centers in 1988. All children in California's state developmental centers are severely to profoundly mentally retarded and chronically disabled, and ...

Crain, L. S.; Mangravite, D. N.; Allport, R.; Schour, M.; Biakanja, K.

1990-01-01

265

A Review of Chemosensation and Related Behavior in Aquatic Insects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Insects that are secondarily adapted to aquatic environments are able to sense odors from a diverse array of sources. The antenna of these insects, as in all insects, is the main chemosensory structure and its input to the brain allows for integration of sensory information that ultimately ends in behavioral responses. Only a fraction of the aquatic insect orders have been studied with respect to their sensory biology and most of the work has centered either on the description of the differen...

Crespo, Jose? G.

2011-01-01

266

John C. Stennis Space Center: Partnerships for ISHM Technology Development and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

This poster shows the partners that work with NASA's Stennis Space Center's NASA Test Operations Group in development of Integrated Systems Health Management (ISHM) applications for various programs. The partners are from universities, other US government agencies, private firms and other NASA Centers.

Figueroa, Jorge F.; Schmalzel, John; Turowski, Mark; Morris, John; Smith, Harvey

2008-01-01

267

A Focus on "Hands-On," Learner-Centered Technology at The Citadel  

Science.gov (United States)

While advances in technology have enhanced the quality and variety of visual presentations in teaching, most instructors find themselves teaching to a generation of students who are difficult to dazzle. Although the innovative use of technology in and outside of the classroom is a challenge, selecting practices that optimize technology as a tool…

DeRoma, Virginia; Nida, Steve

2004-01-01

268

Assessing controls on perched saturated zones beneath the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, Idaho  

Science.gov (United States)

Waste byproducts associated with operations at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) have the potential to contaminate the eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP) aquifer. Recharge to the ESRP aquifer is controlled largely by the alternating stratigraphy of fractured volcanic rocks and sedimentary interbeds within the overlying vadose zone and by the availability of water at the surface. Beneath the INTEC facilities, localized zones of saturation perched on the sedimentary interbeds are of particular concern because they may facilitate accelerated transport of contaminants. The sources and timing of natural and anthropogenic recharge to the perched zones are poorly understood. Simple approaches for quantitative characterization of this complex, variably saturated flow system are needed to assess potential scenarios for contaminant transport under alternative remediation strategies. During 2009-2011, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, employed data analysis and numerical simulations with a recently developed model of preferential flow to evaluate the sources and quantity of recharge to the perched zones. Piezometer, tensiometer, temperature, precipitation, and stream-discharge data were analyzed, with particular focus on the possibility of contributions to the perched zones from snowmelt and flow in the neighboring Big Lost River (BLR). Analysis of the timing and magnitude of subsurface dynamics indicate that streamflow provides local recharge to the shallow, intermediate, and deep perched saturated zones within 150 m of the BLR; at greater distances from the BLR the influence of streamflow on recharge is unclear. Perched water-level dynamics in most wells analyzed are consistent with findings from previous geochemical analyses, which suggest that a combination of annual snowmelt and anthropogenic sources (for example, leaky pipes and drainage ditches) contribute to recharge of shallow and intermediate perched zones throughout much of INTEC. The source-responsive fluxes model was parameterized to simulate recharge via preferential flow associated with intermittent episodes of streamflow in the BLR. The simulations correspond reasonably well to the observed hydrologic response within the shallow perched zone. Good model performance indicates that source-responsive flow through a limited number of connected fractures contributes substantially to the perched-zone dynamics. The agreement between simulated and observed perched-zone dynamics suggest that the source-responsive fluxes model can provide a valuable tool for quantifying rapid preferential flow processes that may result from different land management scenarios.

Mirus, Benjamin B.; Perkins, Kim S.; Nimmo, John R.

2011-01-01

269

Informing Science (IS and Science and Technology Studies (STS: The University as Decision Center (DC for Teaching Interdisciplinary Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Students of history and philosophy of science courses at my University are either naïve robust realists or naïve relativists in relation to science and technology. The first group absorbs from culture stereotypical conceptions, such as the value-free character of the scientific method, that science and technology are impervious to history or ideology, and that science and religion are always at odds. The second believes science and technology were selected arbitrarily by ideologues to have privileged world views of reality to the detriment of other interpretations. These deterministic outlooks must be challenged to make students aware of the social importance of their future roles, be they as scientists and engineers or as science and technology policy decision makers. The University as Decision Center (DC not only reproduces the social by teaching standard solutions to well-defined problems but also provides information regarding conflict resolution and the epistemological, individual, historical, social, and political mechanisms that help create new science and technology. Interdisciplinary research prepares students for roles that require science and technology literacy, but raises methodological issues in the context of the classroom as it increases uncertainty with respect to apparently self-evident beliefs about scientific and technological practices.

Teresa Castelao-Lawless

2001-01-01

270

National Center of Excellence for Energy Storage Technology 168.10  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents the performance of the Ohio State University (OSU) and Edison Welding Institute (EWI) in the period from 10/1/2010 to 12/31/2012. The objective of the project is to establish a Center of Excellence that leverages the strengths of the partners to establish a unique capability to develop and transfer energy storage industries to establish a unique capability in the development and transfer of energy storage system technology through a fundamental understanding of battery electrical and thermal performance, damage and aging mechanisms, and through the development of reliable, high-speed processes for joining substrates in battery cell, module and pack assemblies with low manufacturing variability. During this period, the OSU activity focused on procuring the equipment, materials and supplies necessary to conduct the experiments planned in the statement of project objectives. In detail, multiple laboratory setups were developed to enable for characterizing the open-circuit potential of cathode and anode materials for Li-ion batteries, perform experiments on calorimetry, and finally built multiple cell and module battery cyclers to be able to perform aging campaign on a wide variety of automotive grade battery cells and small modules. This suite of equipment feeds directly into the development, calibration of battery models ranging from first principle electrochemical models to electro-thermal equivalent circuit models suitable for use in control and xEV vehicle simulations. In addition, it allows to develop and calibrate ‘aging’ models for Li-ion batteries that enable the development of diagnostics and prognostics tools to characterize and predict battery degradation from automotive usage under a wide array of environmental and usage scenarios. The objective of the EWI work scope is to develop improved processes for making metal-tometal joints in advanced battery cells and packs. It will focus on developing generic techniques for making functional (electrically conductive and mechanically robust) metal-to-metal joints between thin substrates. Joints with multiple layers and bimetallic constituents will be investigated. During the current period of performance, EWI has defined the test matrix to evaluate the application of different welding technologies (laser welding, ultrasonic welding, resistance welding) to specific components of battery cells and modules, such as foils-to-tabs, tabs-to-tabs, and tabs-to-bus bars. The test matrix also includes a range of substrates (aluminum 1145 and 1100, copper 110 and nickel 200 as substrates). Furthermore, a set of procedures was defined to perform mechanical and electrical testing of the samples, including metallography, and non-destructive evaluations. Both on the OSU and EWI, this project enabled to leverage very significant industrial collaborations with a wide array of companies ranging from battery manufacturers and pack integrator all the ways to Tier 1 automotive suppliers and OEMs during the period of exercise of the project, and in the future for years to come.

Guezennec, Yann

2011-12-31

271

Ocean Circulation Modeling for Aquatic Dispersion of Liquid Radioactive Effluents from Nuclear Power Plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, three-dimensional models have been used for aquatic dispersion of radioactive effluents in relation to nuclear power plant siting based on the Notice No. 2003-12 'Guideline for investigating and assessing hydrological and aquatic characteristics of nuclear facility site' of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in Korea. Several nuclear power plants have been under construction or planed, which are Shin-Kori Unit 1 and 2, Shin-Wolsong Unit 1 and 2, and Shin-Ulchin Unit 1 and 2. For assessing the aquatic dispersion of radionuclides released from the above nuclear power plants, it is necessary to know the coastal currents around sites which are affected by circulation of East Sea. In this study, a three dimensional hydrodynamic model for the circulation of the East Sea of Korea has been developed as the first phase, which is based on the RIAMOM (Research Institute of Applied Mechanics' Ocean Model, Kyushu University, Japan). The model uses the primitive equation with hydrostatic approximation, and uses Arakawa-B grid system horizontally and Z coordinate vertically. Model domain is 126.5 deg. E to 142.5 deg. E of east longitude and 33 deg. N and 52 deg. N of the north latitude. The space of the horizontal grid was 1/12 deg. to longitude and latitude direction and vertical level was divided to 20. This model uses Generalized Arakawa Scheme, Slant Advection, and Mode-Splitting Method. The input data were from JODC (Japan Oceanographic Data Center), KNFRDI (Korea National Fisheries Research and Development Institute), and ECMWF (European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts). The modeling results are in fairly good agreement with schematic patterns of the surface circulation in the East Sea/Japan Sea. The local current model and aquatic dispersion model of the coastal region will be developed as the second phase. The oceanic dispersion experiments will be also carried out by using ARGO Drifter around a nuclear power plant site. (authors)

2006-03-02

272

Aquatic plant management  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Twelve fact sheets are presented which cover different forms of aquatic plant management in Guntersville Reservoir. These cover the introduction of grass carp and other biological controls, drawdown of reservoir water, herbicide use, harvesting, impacts on recreational uses, and other issues of concern. (SM)

1991-01-01

273

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center 1992--1993 report to the President.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report discusses research being conducted at MIT's plasma fusion center. Some of the areas covered are: plasma diagnostics; rf plasma heating; gyrotron research; treatment of solid waste by arc plasma; divertor experiments; tokamak studies; and plasm...

1993-01-01

274

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center 1992--1993 report to the President  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report discusses research being conducted at MIT's plasma fusion center. Some of the areas covered are: plasma diagnostics; rf plasma heating; gyrotron research; treatment of solid waste by arc plasma; divertor experiments; tokamak studies; and plasma and fusion theory

1993-01-01

275

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center 1992-1993 report to the President  

Science.gov (United States)

This report discusses research being conducted at MIT's plasma fusion center. Some of the areas covered are: plasma diagnostics, RF plasma heating, gyrotron research, treatment of solid waste by arc plasma, divertor experiments, tokamak studies, and plasma and fusion theory.

1993-07-01

276

The Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory - Site Status Update  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes LLNL's progress for the period April through September of 2008 for the Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS) SciDAC. The TASCS project is organized into four major thrust areas: CCA Environment (72%), Component Technology Initiatives (16%), CCA Toolkit (8%), and User and Application Outreach & Support (4%). The percentage of LLNL's effort allocation is shown in parenthesis for each thrust area. Major thrust areas are further broken down into activity areas, LLNL's effort directed to each activity is shown in Figure 1. Enhancements, Core Tools, and Usability are all part of CCA Environment, and Software Quality is part of Component Technology Initiatives. The balance of this report will cover our accomplishments in each of these activity areas.

Epperly, T W

2008-12-03

277

Master plan: Guntersville Reservoir Aquatic Plant Management. Executive summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1989, Congress provided funding to start a five-year comprehensive project to manage aquatic plants in Guntersville Reservoir, to be jointly implemented by the US Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). TVA serves as the overall project coordinator and is the lead agency for this project. Known as the Joint Agency Guntersville Project (JAGP), the project will test and demonstrate innovative management technologies, and incorporate the most effective technologies into a comprehensive aquatic plant management plan for Guntersville Reservoir. The JAGP is intended to serve as a National Demonstration Project for aquatic plant management. As part of this JAGP, the Master Plan for Aquatic Plant Management for the Guntersville Reservoir Project, Alabama-Tennessee is authorized by Corps Contract Number DACW62-90-C-0067.

1992-12-31

278

Technology Assessment: Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC) 2012 Highlights (Fact Sheet)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This fact sheet lists key analysis products produced by NREL in 2012. Like all NREL analysis products, these aim to increase the understanding of the current and future interactions and roles of energy policies, markets, resources, technologies, environmental impacts, and infrastructure. NREL analysis, data, and tools inform decisions as energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies advance from concept to commercial application.

2013-02-01

279

Handbook of safety technology of coal mines. 2. Gas outburst{center_dot}rock-burst; Tanko hoan gijutsu yoran. 2. Gas tosshutsu{center_dot}yamahane  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of safety technologies of coal mines summarized as a handbook, described is the safety technology on gas outburst{center_dot}rock burst. The gas outburst is eruption of coal and gas, and indications of danger of the outburst are gas reserves, degrees of stress relaxation of the coal seam ground, etc. Measures against gas outburst are mainly stress relaxation and gas drainage. Measures for gas control are gas drainage made along the coal seam and made vertically through the coal seam, hydraulic fracturing and ground boring. Measures for rock pressure control are advanced drilling of a protective coal seam which is less dangerous from gas outburst, boring for stress relaxation and excavation of pressure release mine roadways. The rock burst is a phenomenon that coal and rocks bound out into the operation space by abrupt fracture of the rock mass caused by rock pressure. In addition to predictions by a geological structure survey and signs of talking and ground swelling, the following are taken up: wide-area control of coal seam rock pressure (improvement of mining methods, pressure release mine roadways), measures for coal seam strengthening (pressure release boring, pressure release blasting, pressure release water-pouring). Some coal mine accidents and prevention measures are explained. 127 refs., 130 figs., 22 tabs.

1991-03-01

280

Fish ‘n’ chips: the use of microarrays for aquatic toxicology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Gene expression analysis is changing the way that we look at toxicity, allowing toxicologists to perform parallel analyses of entire transcriptomes. While this technology is not as advanced in aquatic toxicology as it is for mammalian models, it has shown promise for determining modes of action, identifying biomarkers and developing ‘‘signatures’’ of chemicals that can be used for field and mixture studies. A major hurdle for the use of microarrays in aquatic toxicology is the lack of...

Denslow, Nancy D.; Garcia-reyero, Nata?lia; Barber, David S.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

The SPoRT Center - Infusing NASA Technology Into NWS WFO  

Science.gov (United States)

This Webcast introduces the SPoRT Center, a joint NASA and National Weather Service project to provide unique NASA datasets to several forecast offices and evaluate their usefulness and impact on forecast operations. The presentation provides a description of the SPoRT Center, examples of its collaborations with weather forecast offices, and demonstrates use of MODIS data, AMSR-E derived products and lightning flash density product applications. It also includes mention of the projects the SPoRT Center will likely undertake in the future. The information contained in this Webcast reflects the status of the SPoRT program as of the summer of 2006. Since the SPoRT program evolves to meet NASA program objectives, some of the capabilities or activities portrayed in this presentation may have changed since its original production.

Spangler, Tim

2007-02-28

282

International Ground Water Modeling Center: Technology Transfer and Research in Ground-Water Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Ground Water Modeling Center -- part of the Colorado School of Mines -- is described as an internationally-oriented information, education and research center for ground-water modeling. It advises on ground-water modeling problems, distributes ground-water modeling software, organizes short courses and workshops, conducts research in practical, applied areas of ground-water hydrology and modeling, and provides technical assistance on problems related to ground-water modeling. The Web site offers visitors free software downloads, software reviews, publications, short courses, news and newsletters, mailing lists, and other helpful information and tools specifically geared towards ground-water modeling and modelers.

2005-01-01

283

Optimization of the cementation installation from the Nuclear Technology Development Center (CDTN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Low Level Liquid Waste generated and received at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear - CDTN are being treated by chemical precipitation/filtration process, followed by comentation of the sludge. A plant was demonstrated in 1987 and it is being developed in the Center using Brazilian equipment and materials. At the end of 1994, some special equipment were installed to minimize the generation of secondary waste, to improve the efficiency and decontamination. The performed changes will be able to treat wastes from different generators, such as industries, medical clinics, hospitals, universities and other nuclear research center. (author). 11 refs, 3 figs

1995-08-07

284

Aquatic pathway 2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This third part of the investigation discusses the preliminary results of sub-investigations concerning problems of the release of radioactive substances into the environment via the water pathway. On the basis of papers on the emission into the draining ditch and the exchange processes there, investigations of a possible incorporation via different exposure pathways are reported. Special regard is paid to drinking water supply aquatic foodstuffs, the river sediment, the utilisation of the agricultural surfaces and the draining ditch including its pre-pollution. The dynamics of contamination processes is reported on with regard to the problem of accidents. The colloquium will give an outline of the progress made so far and admit participants' suggestions for further work on the sub-investigations. The following colloquia will report further findings, in particular effects on aquatic ecosystems. (orig.)

1977-03-17

285

4 years of successful knowledge transfer - the nuclear technology training center of the TUeV Nord Group  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In connection with the 2002 amendment to the German Atomic Energy Act, the topics of generational change and maintenance of competence grew in importance and necessitated new solution approaches. To this end, various activities were launched, with the aim of conducting conceptual analyses of these topics. Examples include the 'National Competence Network for Nuclear Technology' (Nationaler Kompetenzverbund fuer Kerntechnik), various networks established by colleges and universities, the 'Knowledge Management for the Maintenance and Transfer of Competence in Reactor Safety' (Wissensmanagement zum Kompetenzerhalt und -transfer in der Reaktorsicherheit) workshop held in 2001 in Garching near Munich (Germany) and the 'Ad-hoc Workgroup on the Maintenance of Competence' (Ad-hoc-Arbeitskreis Kompetenzerhalt) of the VdTUeV. The nuclear technology departments of the TUeV Nord Group were aware of te challenges associated with the generational change early on. By establishing the 'Nuclear Technology Training Center' (Ausbildungszentrum fuer Kerntechnik, AfK), the TUeV Nord Group intended to ensure the required knowledge transfer during the generational change as well as maintain the renowned high qualification as regards the subject of nuclear technology and thus continue to provide - in the sense of social responsibility - crucial contribution to the long-term safety of nuclear plants. Four years have passed since the training center held the first courses in the fall of 2002. Up to now, more than 350 participants have been trained in the courses conducted by the AfK. In the opinion of the TUeV Nord Group, the activities of the AfK have laid the foundation for a successful change of generations within the group's nuclear technology organizations. (orig.)

2007-02-01

286

Integrating molecular technologies for red blood cell typing and compatibility testing into blood centers and transfusion services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nucleic acid-based technology is now at a point where the field of transfusion medicine is ready for its widespread application. In the donor center, genotyping of red blood cell (RBC) products provides phenotype-matched products for special patient populations or antigen-negative products for patients with alloantibodies. In the immunohematology reference laboratory, molecular technologies aid in discerning blood types in the situation of a typing discrepancy and improve pretransfusion RBC testing reagents. In the hospital transfusion service, genotyping patients aids in providing phenotype-matched RBC products. In prenatal testing, genotyping for RHD aids in the decision for Rh immune globulin prophylaxis and predicting risk of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. Before genotyping is accepted as the universal standard for pretransfusion and donor testing, important limitations of this technology must be addressed, including the fact that the genotype does not always predict the phenotype and the need for creating the ideal high-throughput platform. Clinical trials are needed to answer important questions, and a donor and patient database is needed. A stepwise plan for progressive introduction into the donor centers and transfusion services must be established. In conclusion, the field of transfusion medicine is ready to expand the use of molecular diagnostics. PMID:18353252

Hillyer, Christopher D; Shaz, Beth H; Winkler, Anne M; Reid, Marion

2008-04-01

287

Traceability of aquatic animals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Effective methods of traceability are urgently required for use in research as weil as in different types of aquaculture operations and to control trade in aquatic animais and praducts. In regard to the marking of fish, many different tagging methods have been described and the method to be used depends on the purpose and need for tagging. In contrast, for molluscs and crustaceans, only a few methods of marking such animais have been described, due to the practical difficulties. The authors f...

Hastein, T.; Hill, Bj; Berthe, Franck; Lightner, Dv

2001-01-01

288

Antenna Technology and other Radio Frequency (RF) Communications Activities at the Glenn Research Center in Support of NASA's Exploration Vision  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA s Vision for Space Exploration outlines a very ambitious program for the next several decades of the Space Agency endeavors. Ahead is the completion of the International Space Station (ISS); safely flight the shuttle (STS) until 2010; develop and fly the Crew Exploration Vehicle (Orion) by no later than 2014; return to the moon by no later than 2020; extend human presence across the solar system and beyond; implement a sustainable and affordable human and robotic program; develop supporting innovative technologies, knowledge and infrastructure; and promote international and commercial participation in exploration. To achieve these goals, a series of enabling technologies must be developed or matured in a timely manner. Some of these technologies are: spacecraft RF technology (e.g., high power sources and large antennas which using surface receive arrays can get up to 1 Gbps from Mars), uplink arraying (reduce reliance on large ground-based antennas and high operation costs; single point of failure; enable greater data-rates or greater effective distance; scalable, evolvable, flexible scheduling), software define radio (i.e., reconfigurable, flexible interoperability allows for in flight updates open architecture; reduces mass, power, volume), and optical communications (high capacity communications with low mass/power required; significantly increases data rates for deep space). This presentation will discuss some of the work being performed at the NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio, in antenna technology as well as other on-going RF communications efforts.

Miranda, Felix A.

2007-01-01

289

Breast Imaging: How We Manage Diagnostic Technology at a Multidisciplinary Breast Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses the most important aspects and problems related to the management of breast cancer imaging, at a center specialized in breast pathology. We review the established and emerging diagnostic techniques, their indications, and peculiarities: digital mammography, CAD systems, and the recent digital breast tomosynthesis, ultrasound and complementary elastography, molecular imaging techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, advanced sequences (diffusion), and positron emission mammo...

2012-01-01

290

Ames Research Center FY 2000 Implementation Plan: Leading Technology into the New Millennium  

Science.gov (United States)

This document presents the implementation plan for Ames Research Center (ARC) within the overall framework of the NASA Strategic Plan. It describes how ARC intends to implement its Center of Excellence responsibilities, Agency assigned missions, Agency and Enterprise lead programs, and other roles in support of NASA's vision and mission. All Federal agencies are required by the 1993 Government Performance and Results Act to implement a long-term strategic planning process that includes measurable outcomes and strict accountability. At NASA, this planning process is shaped by the Space Act of 1958, annual appropriations, and other external mandates, as well as by customer requirements. The resulting Strategic Plan sets the overall architecture for what we do, identifies who our customers are, and directs where we are going and why. The Strategic Plan is the basis upon which decisions regarding program implementation and resource deployment are made. Whereas the strategic planning process examines the long-term direction of the organization and identifies a specific set of goals, the implementation planning process examines the detailed performance of the organization and allocates resources toward meeting these goals. It is the purpose of this implementation document to provide the connection between the NASA Strategic Plan and the specific programs and support functions that ARC employees perform. This connection flows from the NASA Strategic Plan, through the various Strategic Enterprise plans to the ARC Center of Excellence, primary missions, Lead Center programs, program support responsibilities, and ultimately, to the role of the individual ARC employee.

2000-01-01

291

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center 1992--1993 report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses research being conducted at MIT`s plasma fusion center. Some of the areas covered are: plasma diagnostics; rf plasma heating; gyrotron research; treatment of solid waste by arc plasma; divertor experiments; tokamak studies; and plasma and fusion theory.

1993-07-01

292

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Fusion Center, 1988--1989 report to the President  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the following topics on fusion energy: cold fusion; alcator confinement experiments; applied plasma physics research; fusion systems; coherent electromagnetic wave generation; and fusion technology and engineering. (LSP)

1989-07-01

293

Object-Oriented Technology-Based Software Library for Operations of Water Reclamation Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

SCADA systems in water reclamation centers have been constructed based on hardware and software that each manufacturer produced according to their design. Even though this approach used to be effective to realize real-time and reliable execution, it is an obstacle to cost reduction about system construction and maintenance. A promising solution to address the problem is to set specifications that can be used commonly. In terms of software, information model approach has been adopted in SCADA systems in other field, such as telecommunications and power systems. An information model is a piece of software specification that describes a physical or logical object to be monitored. In this paper, we propose information models for operations of water reclamation centers, which have not ever existed. In addition, we show the feasibility of the information model in terms of common use and processing performance.

Otani, Tetsuo; Shimada, Takehiro; Yoshida, Norio; Abe, Wataru

294

Practical Education Support to Foster Engineers at Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center in Muroran Institute of Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

To foster engineers with creative power, Muroran Institute of Technology established Manufacturing and Engineering Design Center (MEDeC) that concentrates on Monozukuri. MEDeC consists of three project groups : i) Education Support Group provides educational support for practical training classes on and off campus and PDCA (plan-do-check-action) -conscious engineering design education related to Monozukuri ; ii) Fundamental Manufacturing Research Group carries out nurture research into fundamental and innovative technology of machining and manufacturing, and iii) Regional Cooperation Group coordinates the activities in cooperation with bureau, schools and industries in and around Muroran City. MEDeC has a fully integrated collection of machine tools and hand tools for manufacturing, an atelier, a tatara workplace, implements for measurement and related equipment designed for practically teaching state-of-the-practice manufacturing methods.

Kazama, Toshiharu; Hanajima, Naohiko; Shimizu, Kazumichi; Satoh, Kohki

295

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

296

Clinical event management using push technology--implementation and evaluation at two health care centers.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

For two years, beginning in 1995, we developed and implemented a novel method for delivering patient information directly to clinicians. Using rules based logic to scan data bound for an electronic medical record, messages were automatically written that alert care providers to important patient information. These messages were transmitted electronically to either existing email accounts or to wide-screen pagers, or to both. This system now is operational at two medical centers. We describe t...

Warner, H. R.; Miller, S.; Jennings, K.; Lundsgaarde, H.; Pincetl, P.; Robinson, E. N.; Sommers, J.; Childress, C.

1998-01-01

297

Long-Term Demonstration of Hydrogen Production from Coal at Elevated Temperatures, Year 6-Activity 1.12-Development of a National Center for Hydrogen Technology, Topical Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has continued the work of the National Center for Hydrogen Technology (NCHT) Program Year 6 Task 1.12 project to expose hydrogen separation membranes to coal-derived syngas. In this follow-on project, the ...

J. J. Stanislowski M. Swanson S. Markovich S. G. Tolbert T. J. Curran

2012-01-01

298

A study on establishing a start-up business center for R and D cluster of atomic energy technology in Daeduck valley  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In general, the economic payoffs exceed costs of building and operating the new center, since most incumbent firms have firm technological capabilities and are expected to grow in a constant trend for the future. The main functions for the proposed business center for start-up businesses would be as followings : providing incubating facilities, consulting on management and supplying technical know-how

2004-01-01

299

The Retrieval Knowledge Center Evaluation Of Low Tank Level Mixing Technologies For DOE High Level Waste Tank Retrieval 10516  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Complex has over two-hundred underground storage tanks containing over 80-million gallons of legacy waste from the production of nuclear weapons. The majority of the waste is located at four major sites across the nation and is planned for treatment over a period of almost forty years. The DOE Office of Technology Innovation and Development within the Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) sponsors technology research and development programs to support processing advancements and technology maturation designed to improve the costs and schedule for disposal of the waste and closure of the tanks. Within the waste processing focus area are numerous technical initiatives which included the development of a suite of waste removal technologies to address the need for proven equipment and techniques to remove high level radioactive wastes from the waste tanks that are now over fifty years old. In an effort to enhance the efficiency of waste retrieval operations, the DOE-EM Office of Technology Innovation and Development funded an effort to improve communications and information sharing between the DOE's major waste tank locations as it relates to retrieval. The task, dubbed the Retrieval Knowledge Center (RKC) was co-lead by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with core team members representing the Oak Ridge and Idaho sites, as well as, site contractors responsible for waste tank operations. One of the greatest challenges to the processing and closure of many of the tanks is complete removal of all tank contents. Sizeable challenges exist for retrieving waste from High Level Waste (HLW) tanks; with complications that are not normally found with tank retrieval in commercial applications. Technologies currently in use for waste retrieval are generally adequate for bulk removal; however, removal of tank heels, the materials settled in the bottom of the tank, using the same technology have proven to be difficult. Through the RKC, DOE-EM funded an evaluation of adaptable commercial technologies that could assist with the removal of the tank heels. This paper will discuss the efforts and results of developing the RKC to improve communications and discussion of tank waste retrieval through a series of meetings designed to identify technical gaps in retrieval technologies at the DOE Hanford and Savannah River Sites. This paper will also describe the results of an evaluation of commercially available technologies for low level mixing as they might apply to HLW tank heel retrievals.

2010-03-07

300

Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division Technical Digest: Advanced materials technology  

Science.gov (United States)

The Dahlgren Division conducts full-spectrum research, development, test and evaluation (RDT and E), and fleet support on advanced materials and materials processes for application to ordnance and weapon systems. We emphasize various core technologies such as advanced ceramics, warhead materials, electrochemistry, polymer science, acoustic materials, composites, magnetostrictive materials, semiconductor materials, thermal management materials, radiation sensor materials, energetic materials, biotechnology, surface science, and nondestructive evaluation. Spin-off technologies for dual use are also actively pursued. This issue of the Digest includes articles on engineered materials, energetic materials, and the characterization of materials.

1993-09-01

 
 
 
 
301

Aquatic toxicology: fact or fiction?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A brief history of the development of the field of aquatic toxicology is provided. In order to provide a perspective on the state-of-the-art in aquatic toxicology relative to classical toxicology, the two fields are compared from the standpoint of the type of scientist practicing each field, the respective objectives of each, the forces which drive the activity in each field, and the major advantages and disadvantages accruing to the practitioner of aquatic toxicology as a result of the diffe...

Macek, K. J.

1980-01-01

302

Information Technology Cost Center Employee Perception of Their Contribution Value in a For Profit Organizational Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

A literature review revealed a lack of academic research related to cultural dynamics within organizations that influence information technology investments. The goal of this single descriptive case study of a for profit international company was to examine one area of cultural influence on investments. The aim was to gain an understanding of…

Gilstrap, Donald E.

2010-01-01

303

NCI CBIIT — CBIIT: Welcome to the NCI Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

Bioinformatics provides researchers with the tools, information technologies, and analytical methodologies needed to manage the large volumes of data generated by today’s genomic studies, large observational studies, and networked clinical trials—and to harvest insights from the information that is collected. . . . from genomics to clinical trials, bioinformatics capacity becomes a critical asset.

304

Medical complications of an aquatic innovation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sport of swimming has been affected by the innovations of technology with the evolution of the swimsuit. The health benefits of swimming are numerous and are well documented in the scientific literature. As swimming is a low-impact sport, injuries are relatively uncommon. As a direct result of the new swimsuits, team physicians have identified the emergence of a new trend in injury in the aquatic athlete. Extensive blistering and ulceration of the finger tips and distal interphalangeal joints in addition to ecchymoses of the lower limb are now common in the aquatic athlete wearing the new swimsuits. Team physicians working with elite swimmers should be aware of this phenomenon and institute preventive measures. PMID:19858109

Mountjoy, M; Gordon, I; McKeown, J; Constantini, N

2009-12-01

305

Aquatic Ecology Section  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Population studies included the following: empirical transport model of the impact of entrainment on fish; impingement losses of white perch in the Hudson river; and modeling the effects of entrainment on adult fish. Progress is also reported on the following: sediment contribution to the accumulation of 60Co and 137Cs in fish; dose rate and the frequency of abnormal embryos in Gambusia; distribution and concentration of tritium in White Oak Lake; stable element concentrations in fish; toxicant formation in condenser cooling systems; and environmental monitoring of aquatic systems

1979-04-01

306

How Do You Keep 'Em down on the Farm after They've Seen Technology? The Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture  

Science.gov (United States)

In an age dominated by technology, teachers are challenged as never before to help students understand the deep connections they share with people from earlier times and nowhere is this more dramatically revealed than in basic farm life. This article discusses the Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture and describes technology use that…

Donlevy, Jim

2004-01-01

307

NASA Glenn Research Center UEET (Ultra-Efficient Engine Technology) Program: Agenda and Abstracts  

Science.gov (United States)

Topics discussed include: UEET Overview; Technology Benefits; Emissions Overview; P&W Low Emissions Combustor Development; GE Low Emissions Combustor Development; Rolls-Royce Low Emissions Combustor Development; Honeywell Low Emissions Combustor Development; NASA Multipoint LDI Development; Stanford Activities In Concepts for Advanced Gas Turbine Combustors; Large Eddy Simulation (LES) of Gas Turbine Combustion; NASA National Combustion Code Simulations; Materials Overview; Thermal Barrier Coatings for Airfoil Applications; Disk Alloy Development; Turbine Blade Alloy; Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Materials Development; Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Materials Characterization; Environmental Barrier Coatings (EBC) for Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Materials; Ceramic Matrix Composite Vane Rig Testing and Design; Ultra-High Temperature Ceramic (UHTC) Development; Lightweight Structures; NPARC Alliance; Technology Transfer and Commercialization; and Turbomachinery Overview; etc.

Manthey, Lri

2001-01-01

308

Nuclear Information Center: 25 years of CNEN in the support of science and technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 25 years of the Nuclear Information Centre of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission - CIN/CNEN, and the role played in the context of Brazilian scientific and technological development is analyzed under two points of view: as database producer and information services provider as well as generator of knowledge and technology in the field of Information Science. The pioneer role of the Centre, not only in developing software for bibliographic information handling and in building a marketing model to information services but also contributing for the growth of database usage culture in Brazil is described. Cooperation, decentralization and sharing of resources are emphasized as the main characteristics of the work developed by the CIN/CNEN staff. Finally, the international background of CIN/CNEN coordinating Latin-American Projects as well as an active member of INIS - International Nuclear Information System, IAEA and more recently as the Brazilian representative to ETDE - Energy Technology Data Exchange is shown. IEA energy database is also discussed. (author)

1995-01-01

309

Work of the Federal Scientific and Production Center (NPO GIPO) in the region of IR technologies  

Science.gov (United States)

The main trends of FSPC GIPO activities are complex investigations and developments in IR region. Technologies of obtaining the optical characteristics of objects -- and -- backgrounds radiation, atmosphere transmission, anthropogenic formations in the wide spectral range including laser wavelengths are developed. With this end in view, the special laboratories equipped with multispectral radiometers are created. In simulation modeling the background-target situations, the technology of computer thermo-frames is widely used. Several types of thermal imaging technique of various modifications are developed and produced by great batches. Currently, works on creating the thermal imaging devices of the second and third generations using Russian components are performed and the first samples are tested. The complex of original measuring instruments for carrying out the tests, certification and operation of thermal imagers is developed. The metrologic complex realizing the new trend in metrology of the scanning thermal imaging devices, i.e., the reproduction of normalized values 'radiation temperature difference' and 'radiance difference' is created. In addition, the equipment complex for ecological monitoring the environment is made on the basis of developments of thermal imagers and spectroradiometers. Developments of IR devices are based on the creation of new optical technologies and new optical elements (diffraction, hologram, kinoform, integrated, aspheric ones) as well as optical coatings of all kinds in FSPC GIPO.

Ivanov, Vladimir P.; Belozerov, Albert F.

2001-10-01

310

Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1998-03-01

311

Aquatic Ecology Section  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Population studies were concerned with predicting long-term consequences of mortality imposed on animal populations by man's activities. These studies consisted of development of a generalized life cycle model and an empirical impingement model for use in impact analysis. Chemical effects studies were conducted on chlorine minimization; fouling by the Asiatic clam; identification of halogenated organics in cooling water; and effects of halogenated organics in cooling systems on aquatic organisms. Ecological transport studies were conducted on availability of sediment-bound "1"3"7Cs and "6"0Co to fish; "1"3"7Cs and "6"0Co in White Oak Lake fish; and chromium levels in fish from a lake chronically contaminated with chromates from cooling towers. Progress is also reported on the following: effects of irradiation on thermal tolerance of mosquito fish; toxicity of nickel to the developing eggs and larvae of carp; accumulation of selected heavy metals associated with fly ash; and environmental monitoring of aquatic ecosystems

1978-03-01

312

Overview of NASA Lewis Research Center free-piston Stirling engine technology activities applicable to space power systems  

Science.gov (United States)

Free piston Stirling technology is applicable for both solar and nuclear powered systems. As such, the Lewis Research Center serves as the project office to manage the newly initiated SP-100 Advanced Technology Program. This five year program provides the technology push for providing significant component and subsystem options for increased efficiency, reliability and survivability, and power output growth at reduced specific mass. One of the major elements of the program is the development of advanced power conversion concepts of which the Stirling cycle is a viable candidate. Under this program the research findings of the 25 kWe opposed piston Space Power Demonstrator Engine (SPDE) are presented. Included in the SPDE discussions are initial differences between predicted and experimental power outputs and power output influenced by variations in regenerators. Projections are made for future space power requirements over the next few decades. And a cursory comparison is presented showing the mass benefits that a Stirling system has over a Brayton system for the same peak temperature and output power.

Slaby, J. G.

1986-01-01

313

Recent activities of the nuclear fuel technology department of Cekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Fuel Technology Department (NFTD) in CNRTC is a unique unit in Turkey in charge of performing all activities in nuclear fuel field. It has a pilot plant on uranium refining and conversion to UO2 since 1986. Presently, its R and D activities are focused on pellet manufacturing and characterization: UO2, ThO2and (Th,U)O2. The studies on thorium dioxide fuel include to obtain ThO2 pellets from thorium nitrate and mixed (Th,U)O2 pellets. A study on evaluation of different fuel cycle options in accordance with nuclear energy planning in Turkey is also going on. (author)

1997-09-21

314

Motor Control Center (MCC) based technology study for safety-related motor operated valves  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is necessary to monitor periodically the operability of safety-related Motor-Operated Valves (MOVs) in nuclear power plants. However, acquiring diagnostic signals for MOVs is very difficult, and doing so requires an excessive amount of time, effort, and expenditure. This paper introduces an accurate and economical method to evaluate the performance of MOVs remotely. The technique to be utilized includes electrical measurements and signal processing to estimate the motor torque and the stem thrust, which have been cited as the two most effective parameters in diagnosing MOVs by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The motor torque is calculated by using electrical signals, which can be measured in the Motor Control Center (MCC). Some advantages of using the motor torque signature over other signatures are examined. The stem thrust is calculated considering the characteristics of the MOV and the estimated motor torque. The basic principle of estimating stem thrust is explained. The developed method is implemented in diagnostic equipment, namely, the Motor Operated Valve Intelligent Diagnostic System (MOVIDS), which is used to obtain the accuracy of and to validate the applicability of the developed method in nuclear power plants. Finally, the accuracy of the developed method is presented and some examples applied to field data are discussed.

Kang, Shin Cheul; Park, Sung Keun; Lee, Do Hwan; Kim, Yang Seok [KEPRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2006-03-15

315

Motor Control Center (MCC) based technology study for safety-related motor operated valves  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is necessary to monitor periodically the operability of safety-related Motor-Operated Valves (MOVs) in nuclear power plants. However, acquiring diagnostic signals for MOVs is very difficult, and doing so requires an excessive amount of time, effort, and expenditure. This paper introduces an accurate and economical method to evaluate the performance of MOVs remotely. The technique to be utilized includes electrical measurements and signal processing to estimate the motor torque and the stem thrust, which have been cited as the two most effective parameters in diagnosing MOVs by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The motor torque is calculated by using electrical signals, which can be measured in the Motor Control Center (MCC). Some advantages of using the motor torque signature over other signatures are examined. The stem thrust is calculated considering the characteristics of the MOV and the estimated motor torque. The basic principle of estimating stem thrust is explained. The developed method is implemented in diagnostic equipment, namely, the Motor Operated Valve Intelligent Diagnostic System (MOVIDS), which is used to obtain the accuracy of and to validate the applicability of the developed method in nuclear power plants. Finally, the accuracy of the developed method is presented and some examples applied to field data are discussed

2006-03-01

316

German Federal Ministry for Research and Technology: 1990 expenditures on energy research and national research centers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The draft departmental budget No. 30 covering the portfolio of the Federal Minister for Research and Technology (BMFT) within the 1990 federal budget features total expenditures of DM 7855.2 million (as against 7645.4 million in the previous year). DM 112 (119) million has been earmarked for the funding of reactor development. In addition DM 105 (104) million has been planned for reactor safety and general technical safety, DM 2.5 (2.5) million for funding nuclear fuel supply (including uranium enrichment). The sums earmarked for nuclear spent fuel and waste management R and D are DM 43 (55.9) million; for investments, DM 26 (38.1) million, and risk sharing in the nuclear field by the Federal Government, DM 20 (20) million. This adds up to DM 308.5 million, which is 14.2% less than the 1989 target figure of DM 359.5 million. (orig.)

1989-01-01

317

Management of disused sealed sources received by the Brazilian Center for Development of Nuclear Technology - CDTN, MG  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The increasing use of radioactive sources in Brazil brought as a consequence the increased number of disused sources because, after the withdrawal of the service, the sources are discarded by users of radioisotopes. These sources have been forwarded to the research institutes of the CNEN, among them CDTN - Brazilian Center for Development of Nuclear Technology -, who have received a significant amount of them, including more intense activity sources, such as from the teletherapy. For effective control of the sources, the compliance of the CNEN - Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission - and the recommendations of IAEA -International Atomic Energy Agency - implemented a management system that enables the monitoring of the entire process, from the initial contact to the delivery of supplies to its appropriate packaging. This paper describes the progress that has been made

2005-11-02

318

Technology Evaluations Related to Mercury, Technetium, and Chloride in Treatment of Wastes at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Idaho High-Level Waste and Facility Disposition Environmental Impact Statement defines alternative for treating and disposing of wastes stored at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center. Development is required for several technologies under consideration for treatment of these wastes. This report contains evaluations of whether specific treatment is needed and if so, by what methods, to remove mercury, technetium, and chlorides in proposed Environmental Impact Statement treatment processes. The evaluations of mercury include a review of regulatory requirements that would apply to mercury wastes in separations processes, an evaluation of the sensitivity of mercury flowrates and concentrations to changes in separations processing schemes and conditions, test results from laboratory-scale experiments of precipitation of mercury by sulfide precipitation agents from the TRUEX carbonate wash effluent, and evaluations of methods to remove mercury from New Waste Calcining Facility liquid and gaseous streams. The evaluation of technetium relates to the need for technetium removal and alternative methods to remove technetium from streams in separations processes. The need for removal of chlorides from New Waste Calcining Facility scrub solution is also evaluated.

C. M. Barnes; D. D. Taylor; S. C. Ashworth; J. B. Bosley; D. R. Haefner

1999-10-01

319

Proposal of an Observatory of Trends for Nanotechnology in the Context of Technology Management in an Oil and Gas R&D Center - Case: Nanotechnology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in english The paper presents basic concepts on nanotechnology and the use of this in an oil and gas research and development (R&D) center, the Research and Development Center Leopoldo Américo Miguez de Mello of Petrobras (CENPES). The aim of this paper is to present a proposal of an observatory of trends in t [...] he area of nanotechnology at CENPES, to generate information, such as the state of the art technologies, technological trajectories, movements of competitors and partners, and aspects relating to regulations and incentives for decision making in the technology management process. The model consists of five steps that should occur in a continuous cycle: literature review, expert consultation, analysis of opportunities and threats, timelines or roadmaps, and monitoring. In conclusion, the proposed observatory includes a set of topics (variables), sources, techniques of competitive technical intelligence and technological foresight, systematized in order to support decision making in technology management.

Masseran Antunes Parreiras, Viviane; de Souza Antunes, Adelaide Maria; Lowe, Lelia.

320

Heat pump centered integrated community energy systems: system development. Georgia Institute of Technology final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Heat Pump Centered-Integrated Community Energy Systems (HP-ICES) show the promise of utilizing low-grade thermal energy for low-quality energy requirements such as space heating and cooling. The Heat Pump - Wastewater Heat Recovery (HP-WHR) scheme is one approach to an HP-ICES that proposes to reclaim low-grade thermal energy from a community's wastewater effluent. This report develops the concept of an HP-WHR system, evaluates the potential performance and economics of such a system, and examines the potential for application. A thermodynamic performance analysis of a hypothetical system projects an overall system Coefficient of Performance (C.O.P.) of from 2.181 to 2.264 for waste-water temperatures varying from 50/sup 0/F to 80/sup 0/F. Primary energy source savings from the nationwide implementation of this system is projected to be 6.0 QUADS-fuel oil, or 8.5 QUADS - natural gas, or 29.7 QUADS - coal for the period 1980 to 2000, depending upon the type and mix of conventional space conditioning systems which could be displaced with the HP-WHR system. Site-specific HP-WHR system designs are presented for two application communities in Georgia. Performance analyses for these systems project annual cycle system C.O.P.'s of 2.049 and 2.519. Economic analysis on the basis of a life cycle cost comparison shows one site-specific system design to be cost competitive in the immediate market with conventional residential and light commercial HVAC systems. The second site-specific system design is shown through a similar economic analysis to be more costly than conventional systems due mainly to the current low energy costs for natural gas. It is anticipated that, as energy costs escalate, this HP-WHR system will also approach the threshold of economic viability.

Wade, D.W.; Trammell, B.C.; Dixit, B.S.; McCurry, D.C.; Rindt, B.A.

1979-12-01

 
 
 
 
321

John F. Kennedy Space Center's Technology Development and Application 2006-2007 Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Topics covered include: Reversible Chemochromic Hydrogen Detectors; Determining Trajectory of Triboelectrically Charged Particles, Using Discrete Element Modeling; Using Indium Tin Oxide To Mitigate Dust on Viewing Ports; High-Performance Polyimide Powder Coatings; Controlled-Release Microcapsules for Smart Coatings for Corrosion Applications; Aerocoat 7 Replacement Coatings; Photocatalytic Coatings for Exploration and Spaceport Design; New Materials for the Repair of Polyimide Electrical Wire Insulation; Commodity-Free Calibration; Novel Ice Mitigation Methods; Crack Offset Measurement With the Projected Laser Target Device; New Materials for Structural Composites and Protective Coatings; Fire Chemistry Testing of Spray-On Foam Insulation (SOFI); Using Aerogel-Based Insulation Material To Prevent Foam Loss on the Liquid-Hydrogen Intertank; Particle Ejection and Levitation Technology (PELT); Electrostatic Characterization of Lunar Dust; Numerical Analysis of Rocket Exhaust Cratering; RESOLVE Projects: Lunar Water Resource Demonstration and Regolith Volatile Characterization; Tribocharging Lunar Soil for Electrostatic Beneficiation; Numerically Modeling the Erosion of Lunar Soil by Rocket Exhaust Plumes; Trajectory Model of Lunar Dust Particles; Using Lunar Module Shadows To Scale the Effects of Rocket Exhaust Plumes; Predicting the Acoustic Environment Induced by the Launch of the Ares I Vehicle; Measuring Ultrasonic Acoustic Velocity in a Thin Sheet of Graphite Epoxy Composite; Hail Size Distribution Mapping; Launch Pad 39 Hail Monitor Array System; Autonomous Flight Safety System - Phase III; The Photogrammetry Cube; Bird Vision System; Automating Range Surveillance Through Radio Interferometry and Field Strength Mapping Techniques; Next-Generation Telemetry Workstation; GPS Metric Tracking Unit; and Space-Based Range.

2008-01-01

322

Obstructive sleep apnea devices for out-of-center (OOC) testing: technology evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Guidance is needed to help clinicians decide which out-of-center (OOC) testing devices are appropriate for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A new classification system that details the type of signals measured by these devices is presented. This proposed system categorizes OOC devices based on measurements of Sleep, Cardiovascular, Oximetry, Position, Effort, and Respiratory (SCOPER) parameters.Criteria for evaluating the devices are also presented, which were generated from chosen pre-test and post-test probabilities. These criteria state that in patients with a high pretest probability of having OSA, the OOC testing device has a positive likelihood ratio (LR+) of 5 or greater coinciding with an in-lab-polysomnography (PSG)-generated apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ? 5, and an adequate sensitivity (at least 0.825).Since oximetry is a mandatory signal for scoring AHI using PSG, devices that do not incorporate oximetry were excluded. English peer-reviewed literature on FDA-approved devices utilizing more than 1 signal was reviewed according to the above criteria for 6 questions. These questions specifically addressed the adequacy of different respiratory and effort sensors and combinations thereof to diagnose OSA. In summary, the literature is currently inadequate to state with confidence that a thermistor alone without any effort sensor is adequate to diagnose OSA; if a thermal sensing device is used as the only measure of respiration, 2 effort belts are required as part of the montage and piezoelectric belts are acceptable in this context; nasal pressure can be an adequate measurement of respiration with no effort measure with the caveat that this may be device specific; nasal pressure may be used in combination with either 2 piezoelectric or respiratory inductance plethysmographic (RIP) belts (but not 1 piezoelectric belt); and there is insufficient evidence to state that both nasal pressure and thermistor are required to adequately diagnose OSA. With respect to alternative devices for diagnosing OSA, the data indicate that peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) devices are adequate for the proposed use; the device based on cardiac signals shows promise, but more study is required as it has not been tested in the home setting; for the device based on end-tidal CO(2) (ETCO(2)), it appears to be adequate for a hospital population; and for devices utilizing acoustic signals, the data are insufficient to determine whether the use of acoustic signals with other signals as a substitute for airflow is adequate to diagnose OSA.Standardized research is needed on OOC devices that report LR+ at the appropriate AHI (? 5) and scored according to the recommended definitions, while using appropriate research reporting and methodology to minimize bias. PMID:22003351

Collop, Nancy A; Tracy, Sharon L; Kapur, Vishesh; Mehra, Reena; Kuhlmann, David; Fleishman, Sam A; Ojile, Joseph M

2011-10-15

323

Alternative Evaluation Designs for Data-Centered Technology-Based Geoscience Education Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper will present different strategies for how to evaluate contrasting K-12 geoscience classroom-based interventions with different goals, leveraging the first author's experiences as principal investigator of four NSF and NASA-funded geoscience education projects. Results will also be reported. Each project had its own distinctive features but all had in common the broad goal of bringing to high school classrooms uses of real place-based geospatial data to study the relationships of Earth system phenomena to climate change and sustainability. The first project's goal was to produce templates and exemplars for curriculum and assessment designs around studying contrasting geoscience topics with different data sets and forms of data representation. The project produced a near transfer performance assessment task in which students who studied climate trends in Phoenix turned their attention to climate in Chicago. The evaluation looked at the technical quality of the assessment instrument as measured by inter-rater reliability. It then analyzed the assessment results against student responses to the instructional tasks about Phoenix. The evaluation proved useful in pinpointing areas of student strength and weakness on different inquiry tasks, from simple map interpretation to analysis of contrasting claims about what the data indicate. The goal of the second project was to produce an exemplar curriculum unit that bridges Western science and traditional American Indian ecological knowledge for student learning and skill building about local environmental sustainability issues. The evaluation looked at the extent to which Western and traditional perspectives were incorporated into the design of the curriculum. The curriculum was not constructed with a separate assessment, yet evidence centered design was utilized to extrapolate from the exemplar unit templates for future instructional and assessment tasks around other places, other sustainability problems, and other repositories of traditional ecological knowledge. The goals of the two other projects, in progress, are to build forms of support and access by teachers to complex scientific geospatial data sets concerning climate change and a myriad of related Earth system phenomena for which measurements are available from different government agencies such as NASA, NCAR, and the USGS. The driving philosophy of these projects has been that teachers are more likely to use these powerful resources when provided with curricula and educative supports, yet have the option of implementing the curricula as written, adapting the curricula, or developing their own curricula provided that they on at least some of the data about the local region. These projects are being evaluated on the extent to which this model of flexible implementation is bearing fruit in teacher capacity building and student learning outcomes. Hence, teachers are being provided with a set of pre post assessment options that they can choose from, including for example selected response items on Earth system variables of their choice, map interpretation items, and open-ended constructed response items about the weather, climate, and ecosystem concepts that they select to focus on with their students. Teacher capacity building is being measured through oral and written documentation of the teachers' evolving learning about the data resources and evolving decision-making about how to use the resources.

Zalles, D. R.

2012-12-01

324

Supporting Development for the Stirling Radioisotope Generator and Advanced Stirling Technology Development at NASA Glenn Research Center  

Science.gov (United States)

A high-efficiency, 110-We (watts electric) Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG110) for possible use on future NASA Space Science missions is being developed by the Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin, Stirling Technology Company (STC), and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). Potential mission use includes providing spacecraft onboard electric power for deep space missions and power for unmanned Mars rovers. GRC is conducting an in-house supporting technology project to assist in SRG110 development. One-, three-, and six-month heater head structural benchmark tests have been completed in support of a heater head life assessment. Testing is underway to evaluate the key epoxy bond of the permanent magnets to the linear alternator stator lamination stack. GRC has completed over 10,000 hours of extended duration testing of the Stirling convertors for the SRG110, and a three-year test of two Stirling convertors in a thermal vacuum environment will be starting shortly. GRC is also developing advanced technology for Stirling convertors, aimed at substantially improving the specific power and efficiency of the convertor and the overall generator. Sunpower, Inc. has begun the development of a lightweight Stirling convertor, under a NASA Research Announcement (NRA) award, that has the potential to double the system specific power to about 8 We/kg. GRC has performed random vibration testing of a lower-power version of this convertor to evaluate robustness for surviving launch vibrations. STC has also completed the initial design of a lightweight convertor. Status of the development of a multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics code and high-temperature materials work on advanced superalloys, refractory metal alloys, and ceramics are also discussed.

Thieme, Lanny G.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

2005-01-01

325

About Aquatic Physical Therapy  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... information on the following websites: National Swimming Pool Foundation : NSPF.org Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : ... awareness for pools. These include: National Swimming Pool Foundation (NSPF ): nspf.org USA Swimming: usaswimming.org Where ...

326

Studies on Southeastern Aquatic Insects.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report is concerned with taxonomic studies of adult and immature Trichoptera in the southeast and several aspects of the ecology and distribution of southeastern aquatic insects. The distribution of the family Hydropsychidae in the Savannah River basi...

J. B. Wallace

1974-01-01

327

CHLORINATION OF AQUATIC HUMIC SUBSTANCES  

Science.gov (United States)

This research program was initiated with the overall objective of increasing our understanding of the chemical structures of aquatic humic material and their behavior during chemical oxidation in particular with chlorine. Experimental methods were devised for the isolation of hum...

328

Home-centered Health-enabling Technologies and Regional Health Information Systems. An Integration Approach Based on International Standards.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on "Using Data from Ambient Assisted Living and Smart Homes in Electronic Health Records". Objectives: In this paper, we present a prototype of a Home-Centered Health-Enabling Technology (HET-HC), which is able to capture, store, merge and process data from various sensor systems at people's home. In addition, we present an architecture designed to integrate HET-HC into an exemplary regional Health Information System (rHIS). Methods: rHIS are traditionally document-based to fit to the needs in a clinical context. However, HET-HC are producing continuous data streams for which documents might be an inappropriate representation. Therefore, the HET-HC could register placeholder-documents at rHIS. These placeholder-documents are assembled upon user-authenticated request by the HET-HC and are always up-to-date. Moreover, it is not trivial to find a clinical coding system for continuous sensor data and to make the data machine-readable in order to enhance the interoperability of such systems. Therefore, we propose the use of SNOCAP-HET, which is a nomenclature to describe the context of sensor-based measurements in health-enabling technologies. Results: We present an architectural approach to integrate HET-HC into rHIS. Our solution is the centralized registration of placeholder-documents with rHIS and the decentralized data storage at people's home. Conclusions: We concluded that the presented architecture of integrating HET-HC into rHIS might fit well to the traditional approach of document-based data storage. Data security and privacy issues are also duly considered. PMID:24477851

Gietzelt, M; von Bargen, T; Kohlmann, M; Marschollek, M; Schwartze, J; Song, B; Wagner, M; Wolf, K-H; Haux, R

2014-05-15

329

Thorium: one of the analytical techniques in neutronic activation and alpha spectrometry of the CDTN (Brazilian Nuclear Technology Development Center) in the last three decades  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For long years, the CDTN (Brazilian Nuclear Technology Development Center ) has applied several analytical techniques in the thorium determination. This work is about the evolution of the neutronic activation in the thorium 232 analysis from the 1960's to now. The importance of the analysis request and alpha spectrometry for the thorium 228 and thorium 232 determination is emphasized. (J.A.M.M.)

1994-01-01

330

Ocean circulation modelling for aquatic dispersion of liquid radioactive effluents from nuclear power plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text of publication follows: Recently, three-dimensional models have been used for aquatic dispersion of radiological material in relation to nuclear power plant siting based on the Notice No. 2003-12 'Guideline for investigating and assessing hydrological and aquatic characteristics of nuclear facility site' of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in Korea. Several nuclear power plants have been under construction or planed, which are Shin-Kori Unit 1 and 2, Shin- Wolsong Unit 1 and 2, and Shin-Ulchin Unit 1 and 2. For assessing the aquatic dispersion of radionuclides released from the above nuclear power plants, it is necessary to know the coastal currents around sites which are affected by circulation of East Sea. Model Description In this study, a three dimensional hydrodynamic model for the circulation of the East Sea has been developed as the first phase, which is based on the RIAMOM (Research Institute of Applied Mechanics' Ocean Model, Kyushu University, Japan). The model uses the primitive equation with hydrostatic approximation, and uses Arakawa-B grid system horizontally and Z-coordinate vertically. Model domain is 126.5 deg. to 142.5 deg. of east longitude and 33 deg. and 52 deg. of the north latitude. The space of the horizontal grid was 1/12 deg. to longitude and latitude direction and vertical level was divided to 46. This model uses Generalized Arakawa Scheme, Slant Advection, and Mode-Splitting Method. The input data were from JODC (Japan Oceanographic Data Center), KNFRDI (Korea National Fisheries Research and Development Institute), and ECMWF (European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts). Results and Further Study The modeling results were simulated well northwest eddy near the Ulleung basin which could influenced the ocean dispersion of radionuclide in the East Sea. The local current model and aquatic dispersion model of the coastal region will be developed as the second phase. The oceanic dispersion experiments will be also carried out by using ARGO Drifter around a nuclear power plant site. (authors)

2005-12-11

331

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center report to the Steering Committee. Final technical monthly report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s Environmental Control Technology Center. Testing on the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet FGD unit continued this month with the Trace Element Removal (TER) test block as the Pilot was operated at baseline, forced oxidation, and inhibited oxidation conditions. As the NYSEG Kintigh Station conducted a test bum this month with Petroleum coke/coal fuel blends, a one-week trace element characterization test was performed across the Pilot unit testing this flue gas. Additionally, the mercury measurement (Method 29) studies continued this month as investigations into various activated carbons, metal amalgams, and impinger capture solutions were conducted. As a result of new directions received from EPRI, August was the last scheduled month for testing on the 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit at the ECTC. This month, the unit was isolated from the flue gas path and placed in a cold-standby mode for future test activities.

NONE

1995-09-01

332

Testing of a 50-kW Wind-Diesel Hybrid System at the National Wind Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In remote off-grid villages and communities, a reliable power source is important in improving the local quality of life. Villages often use a diesel generator for their power, but fuel can be expensive and maintenance burdensome. Including a wind turbine in a diesel system can reduce fuel consumption and lower maintenance, thereby reducing energy costs. However, integrating the various components of a wind-diesel system, including wind turbine, power conversion system, and battery storage (if applicable), is a challenging task. To further the development of commercial hybrid power systems, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with the New World Village Power Corporation (NWVP), tested a NWVP 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system connected to a 15/50 Atlantic Orient Corporation (AOC) wind turbine. Testing was conducted from October 1995 through March 1996 at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). A main objective of the testing was to better understand the application of wind turbines to weak grids typical of small villages. Performance results contained in this report include component characterization, such as power conversion losses for the rotary converter system and battery round trip efficiencies. In addition, system operation over the test period is discussed with special attention given to dynamic issues. Finally, future plans for continued testing and research are discussed.

Corbus, D. A.; Green, H. J.; Allderdice, A.; Rand, K.; Bianchi, J.; Linton, E.

1996-07-01

333

Evaluation of diversity among common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. from two centers of domestication using 'omics' technologies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Genetic diversity among wild accessions and cultivars of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. has been characterized using plant morphology, seed protein allozymes, random amplified polymorphic DNA, restriction fragment length polymorphisms, DNA sequence analysis, chloroplast DNA, and microsatellite markers. Yet, little is known about whether these traits, which distinguish among genetically distinct types of common bean, can be evaluated using omics technologies. Results Three 'omics' approaches: transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics were used to qualitatively evaluate the diversity of common bean from two Centers of Domestication (COD. All three approaches were able to classify common bean according to their COD using unsupervised analyses; these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that differences exist in gene transcription, protein expression, and synthesis and metabolism of small molecules among common bean cultivars representative of different COD. Metabolomic analyses of multiple cultivars within two common bean gene pools revealed cultivar differences in small molecules that were of sufficient magnitude to allow identification of unique cultivar fingerprints. Conclusions Given the high-throughput and low cost of each of these 'omics' platforms, significant opportunities exist for their use in the rapid identification of traits of agronomic and nutritional importance as well as to characterize genetic diversity.

Thompson Henry J

2010-12-01

334

The two axis motion simulator for the large space simulator at ESTEC (European Space Research and Technology Center)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Large Space Simulator at the European Space Research and Technology Center (ESTEC) has been recently equipped with a motion simulator capable of handling test items of 5 tons mass and having a volume of 7m in diameter and a length of 7m. The motion simulator has a modular set-up. It consists of a spinbox as a basic unit on which the test article is mounted and which allows continuous rotation (spin) . This spinbox can be used in two operational configurations; the spin axis is vertical to 30 degrees when mounted on a gimbalstand; and the spin axis is horizontal when mounted on a turntable-yoke combination. The turntable provides rotation within plus or minus 90 degrees. This configuration allows one to bring a test article to all possible relative positions viv-a-vis the sun vector (which is horizontal in this case). The spinbox allows fast rotation between 1 to 6 rpm or slow rotation between 1 to 25 rotations per day as well as positioning within plus or minus 0.4 degrees accuracy.

Beckel, Kurt A.; Hutchison, Joop

1988-01-01

335

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center report to the Steering Committee. Final technical monthly report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s Environmental Control Technology Center. Testing on the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet FGD unit continued this month with the Trace Element Removal test block (TER) as the Pilot was operated under forced oxidation conditions. With this testing, the mercury measurement (Method 29) studies also continued as investigations into various activated carbons, metal amalgams, and impinger capture solutions were conducted. Following these studies, a brief test of the Pilot High Velocity FGD configuration (PHV) was conducted. This test block will be continued at the end of the month after the Fall outage is completed. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode. During this month`s outage, the inlet and outlet damper plates were sealed to isolate the SCR system from flue gas. Also, the internals of the heat pipe heat exchanger (HPHE) and catalyst reactor tower were inspected and cleaned so that the system could be available for future test activities. Monthly inspections of all SCR system equipment placed in this cold-standby mode, as well as the fire safety systems in the SCR building, will continue to be conducted by the ECTC maintenance department and will include manual rotation of the booster fan.

NONE

1995-10-01

336

The interaction between biology and the management of aquatic macrophytes  

Science.gov (United States)

'Management' refers to controlling nuisance aquatic species and to restoring or restructing aquatic plant communities. Producing stable, diverse, aquatic plant communities containing a high percentage of desirable species is a primary management goal. There are a variety of techniques including harvesting, herbicides, water-level fluctuation, sediment alteration, nutrient limitation, light alteration, and biological controls which can be used for managing macrophytes. These techniques are briefly reviewed along with discussions of biological considerations important to the efficacy of the technique and the environmental impacts of the technique. There is a growing interest in restoring and restructing aquatic plant communities. Techniques for community restoration are discussed as are emerging management technologies using growth regulators and bioengineering. New management technologies will probably be limited by costs and environmental impacts. In the near future, better macrophyte management will come through better planning and more effective use of present technology. The challenge is to make current planning and management techniques more effective through increased biological inputs. The potential for biological input ranges from subcellular biology to species biology, to community and ecosystem biology. Some information needs are identified. ?? 1991.

Nichols, S. A.

1991-01-01

337

Optimization Technology Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Provided by Argonne National Laboratory and Northwestern University, this site features a clever "Optimization Tree" from which users can explore different subfields of numerical optimization and view outlines of the major algorithms in each area by clicking on the "branches." Topics are arranged into discrete (e.g., integer programming), continuous constrained (e.g., linear programming), and continuous unconstrained (e.g., global optimization, nonlinear least squares) sections with the connections among them noted on the "tree." This site also contains a software guide with links, a search engine, a voluminous FAQ page, and wonderful interactive demonstrations (in HTML format with Java applets and AMPL pages also available).

338

Aquatic animals as indicators of environmental exposures  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aquatic animals are useful as indicators of many kinds of pollutants in the aquatic environment. The presence of pollutants in the general environments of air, land, and water is reflected in their accumulations in and effects on aquatic organisms because the aquatic portion of the biosphere is often the ''sink'' for human-generated pollutants. Aquatic animals lend themselves particularly well to the study of special phenomena, such as carcinogenesis and teratogenesis. The use of aquatic animals and systems adds an important dimension to research on those pollutants that may affect wildlife and human health.

Couch, J.A.

1982-01-01

339

Aquatic biosystems: reactions and actions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Aquatic biological systems are a critical part of the structure and function of earth's biosphere. While attention of the scientific community is often focused on the reaction of biological systems to changes in the environment, these systems also have profound effects, or actions, on the environment. Throughout the evolutionary history of earth, the rise and/or fall of different aquatic biosystems has impacted the character of the biosphere. At no time have environmental changes been more important to all life on earth than in the modern era, which underscores the need for the new journal, Aquatic Biosystems. We welcome submission of original research manuscripts, reviews, and commentaries to the journal.

Phlips Edward J

2012-01-01

340

Annual technical report Number 2 for Grant Number AFOSR-90-0085, Center for Theoretical Geoplasma Physics, Center for Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Rept. for 15 Jan 91-14 Jan 92  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This annual report contains a detailed description of the activities, accomplishments, and research progress of the MIT Center for Theoretical Geoplasma Physics established under the University Research Initiative Program by AFOSR. During this second phase of the program, the Center has made definite strides toward the goals prescribed in the renewal proposal. The Center has now a staff of twenty-five (25) faculty, research scientists, postdoctoral, graduate and undergraduate students and visiting scientists. Members of the Center published forty-eight (48) scientific papers and five (5) books and proceedings, delivered forty (40) invited lectures and fifty-one (51) contributed papers. We have initiated a number of new research activities to complement our other ongoing research programs. Some of our research efforts have already been utilized by Dr J.R. Jasperse's group at the Geophysics Directorate of the Phillips Laboratory in practical space technology applications relevant to the missions of the Air Force. In addition to the Phillips Laboratory, the Center has interacted with numerous research organizations and universities. The research publications are generally the direct product of such interactions.

Chang, T.

1992-02-15

 
 
 
 
341

The laboratories of the Monitoring Environment Unit (USE) of the National Center Energy, Nuclear Science and Technology (CNESTEN)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pole safety and security (PSS) of CNESTEN (The National Center Energy, Nuclear Science and Technology) exercises under the Directorate General authority for an advisory, monitoring, prevention, control, intervention and technical support in security, safety and radiation protection. Using qualified staff, the Environment Monitoring Unit (USE) has to implement programs designed to respond to regulatory issues, namely environmental monitoring in terms of radiological and chemical firstly to characterize the effluent produced by the various facilities CENM before discharge, and secondly, to monitor the environment, to detect any change in status radiological and chemical on the site and surroundings, USE also provides services in ensuring internal radiometric and / or chemical samples from facilities or activities conducted by teams of CNESTEN on the site or CENM outside. To carry out these programs, the unit has means to ensure: The taking of samples, in situ measurements, chemical preparations and radiochemical samples, measurements of radioactivity and chemical parameters, intervention in case of radiological emergency. Nationally, at the authorities request, the USE may intervene in a state of alert or radiological accident to determine, through field measurements and laboratory status of radiological contamination of the environment. the USE has developed a quality process for laboratories radiological measurements accreditation according to international standard ISO / IEC 17025. Currently, she participates in several inter-comparison campaigns conducted periodically at International. The USE statement on all subjects using the following ways; channels of gamma spectrometry, channel gamma spectrometry In-Situ, channels of alpha spectrometry, gas proportional counters for measuring alpha / beta total, liquid scintillation counters, system for measurement of ambient gamma radiation, pump for the removal of aerosols

2009-01-01

342

Performance of a spray dryer/ESP flue gas cleanup system during testing at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wheelabrator Air Pollution Control and the United States Department of Energy jointly sponsored a project to evaluate the potential for the application of spray dryer flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems to existing coal-fired boilers equipped with electrostatic precipitators for particulate emissions control. The objectives of this project were to characterize the performance of a spray dryer FGD system using flue gas from the combustion of different types of coal, and to study the effectiveness of an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) in controlling particulate emissions from this system. Three different coals (low-, medium-, and high-sulfur coal) were burned in a 500 lb/h pulverized-coal combustion test facility at the Pittsburg Energy Technology Center. Sulfur dioxide was removed from the flue gas by injection of a lime slurry in a spray dryer. Particulate emissions were controlled using a mobile electrostatic precipitator. For each fuel, a three-part test program was conducted. This test program consisted of: (1) base-line ESP performance tests without spray dryer operation to determine requirements for fly ash collection; (2) parametric tests defining sulfur dioxide removal efficiency and ESP collection efficiency at various spray dryer operating conditions; and (3) sorbent recycle tests in which the particulate collected by the ESP was recycled by injection into the spray dryer with the fresh sorbent to improve reagent utilization. Test results show that sulfur dioxide removal efficiencies of 90% can be achieved for each of the three coals tested using the combined spray dryer and electrostatic precipitator system for emissions control. Performance criteria for the electrostatic precipitator were met during all phases of testing. 21 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Yeh, J.T.; Drummond, C.J.; Joubert, J.I.; Tulenko, D.; Crynack, R.R.; Hochhauser, M.

1985-01-01

343

GRI's (Gas Research Institute's) Gas Appliance Technology Center: 1988 annual report (activity at Battelle). Annual report, January 1, 1988-January 31, 1989  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of GRI's Gas Appliance Technology Center (GATC) is to encourage the introduction of highly efficient, cost-effective, convenient gas appliances for residential and commercial gas users. The report covers activity at Battelle during 1988 in broad support tasks, residential space conditioning, and residential and commercial appliances. Broad support tasks included the G/A/S Newsletter; the GATC InfoBase; and technology transfer, workshops, and GATC coordination. Residential space conditioning tasks included developing a corrosion test methodology for gas-fired furnaces, testing nonmetallic materials for condensing heat exchangers, and assessing the technology for self-powered appliances. Tasks involving residential appliances included burner technology and applications, conceptual appliances, and gas lighting. These tasks are briefly described in the report, with references to publications that provide additional detail.

Locklin, D.W.

1989-03-01

344

Behavior of pirimicarb in aquatic ecosystem  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Isotope tracing and simulated ecosystem techniques were employed to study transfer, bioaccumulation and degradation of pirimicarb in aquatic ecosystem. The results revealed that 9 degradation products of pirimicarb were found in aquatic phase. Accumulation of pirimicarb in sludge, grass carp, duck weed and water lettuce increased with time. In the meantime, concentration of pirimicarb in aquatic phase decreased continuously

1996-09-01

345

Food Potential of Aquatic Macrophytes.  

Science.gov (United States)

A review is presented of the pathways in which aquatic macrophytes may be involved in the food production process, directly as human food, as livestock fodder, as fertilizer (mulch and manure, ash, green manure, compost, biogas slurry), and as food for aq...

P. Edwards

1980-01-01

346

A review of chemosensation and related behavior in aquatic insects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Insects that are secondarily adapted to aquatic environments are able to sense odors from a diverse array of sources. The antenna of these insects, as in all insects, is the main chemosensory structure and its input to the brain allows for integration of sensory information that ultimately ends in behavioral responses. Only a fraction of the aquatic insect orders have been studied with respect to their sensory biology and most of the work has centered either on the description of the different types of sensilla, or on the behavior of the insect as a whole. In this paper, the literature is exhaustively reviewed and ways in which antennal morphology, brain structure, and associated behavior can advance better understanding of the neurobiology involved in processing of chemosensory information are discussed. Moreover, the importance of studying such group of insects is stated, and at the same time it is shown that many interesting questions regarding olfactory processing can be addressed by looking into the changes that aquatic insects undergo when leaving their aquatic environment. PMID:21864156

Crespo, José G

2011-01-01

347

Secondary Waste Considerations for Vitrification of Sodium-Bearing Waste at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center FY-2001 Status Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) is considering vitrification to process liquid sodium-bearing waste. Preliminary studies were completed to evaluate the potential secondary wastes from the melter off-gas clean up systems. Projected secondary wastes comprise acidic and caustic scrubber solutions, HEPA filters, activated carbon, and ion exchange media. Possible treatment methods, waste forms, and disposal sites are evaluated from radiological and mercury contamination estimates

2002-01-01

348

Data management and GIS in the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM): from integrated spatial data to the mapping of risk  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The project "Risk Map Germany" of the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM) aims at the examination of existing and the development of new approaches for integrated risk assessment as well as the realisation of risk analyses for selected threats and regions. Hazard, vulnerability and risk maps display the results and provide valuable information for planning, insurances, emergency management, science and the public. This article describes the development of the ...

Ko?hler, P.; Mu?ller, M.; Sanders, M.; Wa?chter, J.

2006-01-01

349

Green Technology, Cloud Computing and Data Centers: the Need for Integrated Energy Efficiency Framework and Effective Metric  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Energy efficiency (EE, energy consumption cost and environmental impact are vibrant challenges to cloud computing and data centers. Reducing energy consumption and emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2 in data centers represent open areas and driving force for future research work on green data centers. Our Literature review reveals that there are currently several energy efficiency frameworks for data centers which combine a green IT architecture with specific activities and procedures that led to decrease the impact on environment and less CO2 emissions. The current available frameworks have some pros and cons that is the reason why there is an urgent need for an integrated criterion for selecting and adopting energy efficiency framework for data centers. The required energy efficiency framework criteria should also consider the social network applications as a vital related factor in elevating energy consumption, as well as high potential for better energy efficiency in data centers. Additionally, in this paper, we highlighted the importance of the identification of efficient and effective energy efficiency metric that can be used for the measurement and determination of the value of data centers efficiency and their performance combined with sound and empirically validated integrated EE framework.

Nader Nada

2014-06-01

350

Intraspecific variation of the aquatic fungus Articulospora tetracladia: an ubiquitous perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

The worldwide-distributed aquatic fungus Articulospora tetracladia Ingold is a dominant sporulating species in streams of the Northwest Iberian Peninsula. To elucidate the genetic diversity of A. tetracladia, we analyzed isolates collected from various types of plant litter or foam in streams from North and Central Portugal and North Spain, between 2000 and 2010. Genetic diversity of these fungal populations was assessed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprints and by using ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 barcodes. Moreover, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 barcodes of A. tetracladia reported in other parts of the world (Central Europe, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and Malaysia) were retrieved from the National Center for Biotechnology (NCBI) and the National Institute of Technology and Evaluation Biological Resource Center (NBRC) to probe into genetic diversity of A. tetracladia. PCR-DGGE of ITS2 region of 50 Iberian fungal isolates distinguished eight operational taxonomic units (OTUs), which were similar to those obtained from neighboring trees based on ITS2 gene sequences. On the other hand, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 barcodes of 68 fungal isolates yielded nine OTUs, but five fungal isolates were not assigned to any of these OTUs. Molecular diversity was highest for OTU-8, which included only European isolates. Two haplotypes were observed within OTU-8 and OTU-9, while only one haplotype was found within each of the remaining OTUs. Malaysia did not share haplotypes with other countries. Overall results indicate that, apart from the Malaysian genotypes, A. tetracladia genotypes were geographically widespread irrespective of sampling time, sites or substrates. Furthermore, PCR-DGGE appeared to be a rapid tool for assessing intraspecific diversity of aquatic hyphomycetes. PMID:22558256

Seena, Sahadevan; Duarte, Sofia; Pascoal, Cláudia; Cássio, Fernanda

2012-01-01

351

Proposed Release Guides to Protect Aquatic Biota  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

At the request of South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE), the Savannah River Laboratory was assigned the task of developing the release guides to protect aquatic biota. A review of aquatic radioecology literature by two leading experts in the field of radioecology concludes that exposure of aquatic biota at one rad per day or less will not produce detectable deleterious effects on aquatic organisms. On the basis of this report, DOE recommends the use of one rad per day as an interim dose standard to protect aquatic biota.

Marter, W.L.

2001-03-28

352

Long-Term Demonstration of Hydrogen Production from Coal at Elevated Temperatures Year 6 - Activity 1.12 - Development of a National Center for Hydrogen Technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has continued the work of the National Center for Hydrogen Technology® (NCHT®) Program Year 6 Task 1.12 project to expose hydrogen separation membranes to coal-derived syngas. In this follow-on project, the EERC has exposed two membranes to coal-derived syngas produced in the pilot-scale transport reactor development unit (TRDU). Western Research Institute (WRI), with funding from the State of Wyoming Clean Coal Technology Program and the North Dakota Industrial Commission, contracted with the EERC to conduct testing of WRI’s coal-upgrading/gasification technology for subbituminous and lignite coals in the EERC’s TRDU. This gasifier fires nominally 200–500 lb/hour of fuel and is the pilot-scale version of the full-scale gasifier currently being constructed in Kemper County, Mississippi. A slipstream of the syngas was used to demonstrate warm-gas cleanup and hydrogen separation using membrane technology. Two membranes were exposed to coal-derived syngas, and the impact of coal-derived impurities was evaluated. This report summarizes the performance of WRI’s patent-pending coalupgrading/ gasification technology in the EERC’s TRDU and presents the results of the warm-gas cleanup and hydrogen separation tests. Overall, the WRI coal-upgrading/gasification technology was shown to produce a syngas significantly lower in CO2 content and significantly higher in CO content than syngas produced from the raw fuels. Warm-gas cleanup technologies were shown to be capable of reducing sulfur in the syngas to 1 ppm. Each of the membranes tested was able to produce at least 2 lb/day of hydrogen from coal-derived syngas.

Stanislowski, Joshua; Tolbert, Scott; Curran, Tyler; Swanson, Michael

2012-04-30

353

Test and approval center for fuel cell and hydrogen technologies: Phase I. Initiation. Final report; Test- og godkendelsescenter for braendselscelle- og brintteknologier. Fase 1. Opstart. Slutrapport  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of the present project was to initialize a Test and Approval Center for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technologies at the sites of the project partners Risoe DTU (Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Division), and DGC (work package 1). The project furthermore included start-up of first activities with focus on the development of accelerated life-time tests of fuel cell systems, preparations for standardization of these methods, and advising in relation to certification and approval of fuel cell systems (work package 2). The main achievements of the project were: Work package 1: 1) A large national and international network was established comprising of important commercial players, research institutions, and other test centers; 2) The test center is known in large part of the international Fuel Cell and Hydrogen community due to substantial efforts in 'marketing'; 3) New national and international projects have been successfully applied for, with significant roles of the test center, which secure the further establishment and development of the center. Work package 2: 1) Testing equipment was installed and commissioned at DTU (Risoe Campus); 2) A comprehensive survey among international players regarding activities on accelerated SOFC testing was carried out; 3) A test procedure for 'compressed' testing of SOFC in relation to {mu} CHP application was developed and used for one-cell stack and 50-cell-stack testing; 4) Guidelines for Danish authority handling were formulated. (Author)

Hagen, A. [Technical Univ. of Denmark. DTU Energy Conversion, DTU Risoe Campus, Roskilde (Denmark)

2012-09-15

354

7. Annual seminar of the scientific initiation of the Center for Development of Nuclear Technology. Abstracts; 7. Seminario anual de iniciacao cientifica do Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear. Resumos  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This seminar presents the Scientific Initiation Program developed at the CDTN - Brazilian Center for the Development of Nuclear Technology and focuses on activities of the sectors of: radiopharmaceutical production; radiation applied to health; waste management; structural integrity; environment; nanotechnology and nuclear materials; reactor technology; mineral technology; reactor and analytical techniques.

NONE

2012-07-01

355

Selection of a co-operation agreement between EMOVE – Innovative Technologies and WavEC – Wave Energy Center  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to find the best technological co-operative arrangement for two partners – EMOVE and WavEC – concerning the development of the BluSphere technology. EMOVE provided most of the information needed for the empirical study and I based my research on academic papers. From the four options of co-operation on technological development: technology license, R&D joint arrangement, sourcing agreement and joint venture, the latter seems the best option for EMOVE in the sh...

Soares, Sofia Ventura

2013-01-01

356

Tulane/Xavier University hazardous materials in aquatic environments of the Mississippi River Basin. Annual technical report, January 1--December 31, 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tulane and Xavier Universities have singled out the environment as a major strategic focus for research and training for now and beyond the year 2000. In 1989, the Tulane/Xavier Center for Bioenvironmental Research (CBR) was established as the umbrella organization which coordinates environmental research at both universities. In December, 1992, the Tulane/Xavier CBR was awarded a five year grant to study pollution in the Mississippi River system. The Hazardous Materials in Aquatic Environments of the Mississippi River Basin project is a broad research and education program aimed at elucidating the nature and magnitude of toxic materials that contaminate aquatic environments of the Mississippi River Basin. Studies include defining the complex interactions that occur during the transport of contaminants, the actual and potential impact on ecological systems and health, and the mechanisms through which these impacts might be remediated. The Mississippi River Basin represents a model system for analyzing and solving contamination problems that are found in aquatic systems world-wide. Summaries which describe objectives, goals, and accomplishments are included on ten collaborative cluster projects, two education projects, and six initiation projects. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

NONE

1996-05-02

357

Carcinogenic hazards in aquatic ecosystems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The chemical characterization of contaminants in bottom sediments from the Great Lakes in western New York (Lake Erie) was carried out by applying reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) to fractions derived by routine organic extraction and separation methods. A comparison of the chromatograms from the sediments with those from analogous fractions isolated from tissue samples of aquatic biota showed correlations in the polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) composition. In the HPLC analysis of fractions isolated from sediment, Tubifex worms, aquatic snails, and fish tissue samples clearly indicated a characteristic PAH ''fingerprint' in all segments of the aquatic food chain. The patterns of horizontal distribution of the relative PAH levels indicated a point source of the pollution in the Buffalo River. Feral fish population samples showed several kinds of lesions that appear to be neoplasms. The histology of these lesions is described, and the significance of the data in terms of a possible human health hazard is discussed.

Black, J.J.

1979-01-01

358

From Ship-To-Shore In Real Time: Data Transmission, Distribution, Management, Processing, And Archiving Using Telepresence Technologies And The Inner Space Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Most research vessels are equipped with satellite Internet services with bandwidths capable of being upgraded to support telepresence technologies and live shore-based participation. This capability can be used for real-time data transmission to shore, where it can be distributed, managed, processed, and archived. The University of Rhode Island Inner Space Center utilizes telepresence technologies and a growing network of command centers on Internet2 to participate live with a variety of research vessels and their ocean observing and sampling systems. High-bandwidth video streaming, voice-over-IP telecommunications, and real-time data feeds and file transfers enable users on shore to take part in the oceanographic expeditions as if they were present on the ship, working in the lab. Telepresence-enabled systematic ocean exploration and similar programs represent a significant and growing paradigm shift that can change the future of seagoing ocean observations using research vessels. The required platform is the ship itself, and users of the technology rely on the ship-based technical teams, but remote and distributed shore-based science users, students, educators, and the general public can now take part by being aboard virtually.

Coleman, D. F.

2012-12-01

359

A study on organizational culture, structure and information technology as three KM enablers: A case study in five Iranian medical and healthcare research centers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigates organizational structure, culture, and information technology as knowledge management (KM infrastructural capabilities, and compares their significance and status quo in five medical research centers in Tehran, Iran. Objectives of this research were pursued by employing two statistical methods, regression analysis and Friedman test. Included in the study were 135 people (researchers and support staff from five medical and healthcare research centers of Tehran. A survey questionnaire including 23 questions was utilized to examine organizational structure, culture and information technology indicators. And another 12 questions examined KM effectiveness. The Friedman test indicated that in terms of their status quo, the three studied KM enablers are at different conditions, with organizational culture having the best (mean rank=1.79 and IT the worst (mean rank=2.14 status. Moreover, it was revealed by regression analysis that organizational structure is believed to have the most significant impact (Beta= 0.397 on the effectiveness of knowledge management initiatives, while information technology gained the least perceived impact (Beta= 0.176.

Mahdi Iran-nejad-parizi

2013-01-01

360

Technology Transfer: Learning from Lost Opportunities and Sharing Best Practices--Experiences at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

One significant aspect of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's charitable mission is to ensure that its research results benefit society at large. This is accomplished through researcher education, securing appropriate intellectual property protection and licensing so that inventions are developed into useful products. The Swan-Ganz and Barath balloon…

Vari, Sandor G.; Laur, James D.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Immediate Feedback on Accuracy and Performance: The Effects of Wireless Technology on Food Safety Tracking at a Distribution Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of wireless ring scanners, which provided immediate auditory and visual feedback, were evaluated to increase the performance and accuracy of order selectors at a meat distribution center. The scanners not only increased performance and accuracy compared to paper pick sheets, but were also instrumental in immediate and accurate data…

Goomas, David T.

2012-01-01

362

Performance Technologies for Peta-Scale Systems: A White Paper Prepared by the Performance Evaluation Research Center and Collaborators.  

Science.gov (United States)

Future-looking high end computing initiatives will deploy powerful, large-scale computing platforms that leverage novel component technologies for superior node performance in advanced system architectures with tens or even hundreds of thousands of nodes....

D. H. Bailey B. de Supinski J. Dongarra T. Dunigan G. Gao

2003-01-01

363

List of scientific and technological reports of the Nuclear Research Center Juelich Jan. 1985 - March 1988. 2. ed.  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This list of scientific and technological reports at first comprises some general publications such as abbreviations used in technical reports, annual report for 1984, 1985, 1986, the list of reports 1984 and 1985, surveys and inquiries on the population to the Chernobyl accident and on the scientific personnel of Juelich to the transfer of scientific knowledge to the public. - The other reports are concerned with the subjects mathematics - computer - cybernetics, general physics, atomic- and nuclear physics, solid state physics, materials, analytical chemistry, technology, reactor techniques, measuring techniques, biology, agriculture, questions of energy, medicine, environment, plasma physics and fusion reactor technology, physical chemistry, nuclear- and radiochemistry, chemical technology, electrotechniques - electronics, geosciences. Finally a register of the authors is added. (HK)

1988-01-01

364

Disbursement of $65 million to the State of Texas for construction of a Regional Medical Technology Center at the former Superconducting Super Collider Site, Waxahachie, Texas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As part of a settlement agreement between the US DOE and the State of Texas, DOE proposes to transfer $65 million of federal funds to the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission (TNLRC) for construction of the Regional Medical Technology Center (RMTC) to be located in Ellis County, Texas. The RMTC would be a state-of-the-art medical facility for proton cancer therapy, operated by the State of Texas in conjunction with the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. The RMTC would use the linear accelerator assets of the recently terminated DOE Superconducting Super Collider Project to accelerate protons to high energies for the treatment of cancer patients. The current design provides for treatment areas, examination rooms, support laboratories, diagnostic imaging equipment, and office space as well as the accelerators (linac and synchrotron) and beam steering and shaping components. The potential environmental consequences of the proposed action are expected to be minor

1995-01-01

365

Phytoremediation Potential of Aquatic Macrophyte, Azolla  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aquatic macrophytes play an important role in the structural and functional aspects of aquatic ecosystems by altering water movement regimes, providing shelter to fish and aquatic invertebrates, serving as a food source, and altering water quality by regulating oxygen balance, nutrient cycles, and accumulating heavy metals. The ability to hyperaccumulate heavy metals makes them interesting research candidates, especially for the treatment of industrial effluents and sewage waste water. The us...

2012-01-01

366

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, Jeffrey Whealdon; Nenni, Joseph A; Timothy S. Yoder

2003-04-01

367

Tritium research and technology facilities for fusion inside the Bruyeres-le-Chatel Research Center of the French Atomic Energy Commission  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Because of a large tritium experience in the Bruyeres-le-Chatel Research Center (Atomic Energy Commission-FRANCE), new activities could be undertaken in 1986 inside the European Fusion Technology Program, especially tritium studies within the frame work of the Next European Torus. After presenting the general tritium research program which concerns the Torus Exhaust Gas Processing (deuterium-tritium purification and storage) and involved materials (weldability of tritium-helium containing steels and corrosion of steels by tritiated water), major obtained results are given before describing the associated equipments. (orig.)

1990-01-01

368

Results of 2001 Groundwater Sampling in Support of Conditional No Longer Contained-In Determination for the Snake River Plain Aquifer in the Vicinity of the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarizes the results of sampling five groundwater monitoring wells in the vicinity of the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in 2001. Information on general sampling practices, quality assurance practices, parameter concentrations, representativeness of sampling results, and cumulative cancer risk are presented. The information is provided to support a conditional No Longer Contained-In Determination for the Snake River Plain Aquifer in the vicinity of the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

2002-01-01

369

The LISA Pathfinder Simulator for the Science and Technology Operations Center: Simulator Reuse Across the Project Life-Cycle: Practical Experiences and Lessons Learned  

Science.gov (United States)

During the operational phase of the Lisa Pathfinder (LPF) mission, the Science and Technology Operations Center (STOC) will be in charge of the operations of the LPF experiments. For the STOC to be able to perform its planning activities, an experiment simulator is required. The STOC simulator is based on the reuse of two simulators, which had originally been developed by EADS Astrium to support previous phases of the project life-cycle. This paper describes the STOC Simulator development approach, the used technologies and the high- evel design. It then focuses on the specific implications of the reuse of the existing simulators: relevant issues are highlighted, together with the adopted solutions. Finally, the paper reports the first feedback on the actual usage of the STOC Simulator and then summarizes the lessons learned.

van der Plas, P.; Leorato, C.

2010-08-01

370

National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center is Helping to Facilitate the Transition to a New Energy Future  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center (HTSC) at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) uses a systems engineering and integration approach to hydrogen research and development to help the United States make the transition to a new energy future - a future built on diverse and abundant domestic renewable resources and integrated hydrogen systems. Research focuses on renewable hydrogen production, delivery, and storage; fuel cells and fuel cell manufacturing; technology validation; safety, codes, and standards; analysis; education; and market transformation. Hydrogen can be used in fuel cells to power vehicles and to provide electricity and heat for homes and offices. This flexibility, combined with our increasing demand for energy, opens the door for hydrogen power systems. HTSC collaborates with DOE, other government agencies, industry, communities, universities, national laboratories, and other stakeholders to promote a clean and secure energy future.

2011-01-01

371

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence - from phenomenon to application  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of fluorescence to quantify and characterise aquatic organic matter in river, ocean, ground water and drinking and waste waters has come along way since its discovery as a phenomenon in the early 20th century. For example, there are over 100 papers published each year in international peer reviewed journals, an order of magnitude increase since a decade ago (see Figure taken from ISI database from 1989 to 2007 for publications in the fields of river water and waste water). Since then it has been extensively used as a research tool since the 1990's by scientists and is currently used for a wide variety of applications within a number of sectors. Universities, organisations and companies that research into aquatic organic matter have either recently readily use appropriate fluorescence based techniques and instrumentation. In industry and government, the technology is being taken up by environmental regulators and water and wastewater companies. This keynote presentation will give an overview of aquatic organic matter fluorescence from its conception as a phenomenon through to its current use in a variety of emerging applications within the sectors concerned with understanding, managing and monitoring the aquatic environment. About the Speaker Darren Reynolds pioneered the use of fluorescence spectroscopy for the analysis of wastewaters in the 1990's. He currently leads a research group within the Centre for Research in Biosciences and sits on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Institute of Bio-Sensing Technology at the University of the West of England, Bristol. He is a multidisciplinary scientist concerned with the development of technology platforms for applications in the fields of environment/agri-food and health. His current research interests include the development of optical technologies and techniques for environmental and biological sensing and bio-prospecting applications. He is currently involved in the development and use of synthetic biology (bioluminescent reporter bacteria) for the discovery and characterization of bacteriophage and to assess their potential use as a bio-control/antimicrobial in the health and agri-food sectors. Presently, he is developing, in collaboration with industrial partners, in-situ fluorescence sensors to help further understand the role of dissolved organic matter in underpinning the microbial processes in aquatic systems through time, a project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, UK.

Reynolds, Darren

2014-05-01

372

On aquatic genotoxicity in vivo  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Freshwater molluscs inhabiting various aquatic systems of Lithuania, Spain and Switzerland were used as bioindicators of environmental genotoxicity. Cytogenetic disturbances (chromosomes set aneuploidy, polyploidy, meiotic injuries, chromosomal aberrations) were assessed in somatic and gonadal cells of bivalve (Unioand Anadonta) and gastropod (Viviparus and Theodoxus) molluscs. The environmental quality of some heavily polluted sites, as well as in drinking water, was assessed using the common and endemic molluscs. Cytogenetic damage in molluscs was also assessed in lakes affected by nuclear power plants in Lithuania (Ignalina NPP) and Switzerland (Lucens and Muehleberg NPP). (author)

1997-08-24

373

The Availability and Use of 21st Century Technology Tools in South Carolina Secondary Public School Library Media Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess the readiness of South Carolina secondary school library media specialists to prepare students to meet the "AASL Standards for the 21st Century Learner" (American Association of School Librarians, 2009b) by investigating the availability of 21st century technology tools, the confidence level of media…

DuRant, Kathleen D.

2010-01-01

374

Comparison of the solid waste management practices of coal-fired electric utility participants in the Clean Coal Technology Program of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program is at a stage where meaningful comparisons can be drawn regarding the practices of the utility participants in the handling of the solid waste and by-products produced by the combustion of coal. The waste management practices of American industry have come under intense scrutiny in recent years, mainly through the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and its amendments. The waste management practices of the coal-fired electric utility industry are no exception, having been the subject of a major report and recent decision by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Coal-fired utilities in the United States are becoming veritable chemicals plants in an attempt to operate clearly. The present review examines the solid waste management practices of the coal-fired electric utility industrial participants in the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) CCT Program. No clean coal technologies have been commercialized yet, so no information concerning commercialized waste disposal practices is available. This review is limited to a discussion of clean coal demonstration projects; but it is also an attempt to realistically project what may be expected in the way of waste management from commercialized CCT technologies.

Ruppel, T.C. [Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (United States)

1994-12-31

375

EPA's Control Technology Center: Technical support to federal, state, and local agencies. Rept. for Oct 90-Sep 91  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper discusses EPA's Control Technology Center (CTC), including the technical support it provides to federal, state, and local agencies. In June 1985, the U.S. EPA announced an Air Toxics Strategy to reduce public exposure to toxic pollutants in ambient air. The Strategy addressed both routine and accidental releases and coupled responsibilities of traditional federal regulatory development and implementation programs with those of the states. The shift in regulatory roles towards state and local agencies resulted in the realization that a transfer of technical expertise and knowledge to those governmental sectors would be required, involving the significant technical resource that has been developed within the technical staffs of EPA's air regulatory programs and research offices. To facilitate that transfer of technical expertise and knowledge to state and local government agencies, the Control Technology Center was formed in 1987, as a collaborative effort between EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (Emission Standards Division) and Office of Research and Development (Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory).

Darvin, C.H.

1992-01-01

376

Passive electroreception in aquatic mammals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Passive electroreception is a sensory modality in many aquatic vertebrates, predominantly fishes. Using passive electroreception, the animal can detect and analyze electric fields in its environment. Most electric fields in the environment are of biogenic origin, often produced by prey items. These electric fields can be relatively strong and can be a highly valuable source of information for a predator, as underlined by the fact that electroreception has evolved multiple times independently. The only mammals that possess electroreception are the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) and the echidnas (Tachyglossidae) from the monotreme order, and, recently discovered, the Guiana dolphin (Sotalia guianensis) from the cetacean order. Here we review the morphology, function and origin of the electroreceptors in the two aquatic species, the platypus and the Guiana dolphin. The morphology shows certain similarities, also similar to ampullary electroreceptors in fishes, that provide cues for the search for electroreceptors in more vertebrate and invertebrate species. The function of these organs appears to be very similar. Both species search for prey animals in low-visibility conditions or while digging in the substrate, and sensory thresholds are within one order of magnitude. The electroreceptors in both species are innervated by the trigeminal nerve. The origin of the accessory structures, however, is completely different; electroreceptors in the platypus have developed from skin glands, in the Guiana dolphin, from the vibrissal system. PMID:23187861

Czech-Damal, Nicole U; Dehnhardt, Guido; Manger, Paul; Hanke, Wolf

2013-06-01

377

Estimating Aquatic Insect Populations. Introduction to Sampling.  

Science.gov (United States)

This booklet introduces high school and junior high school students to the major groups of aquatic insects and to population sampling techniques. Chapter 1 consists of a short field guide which can be used to identify five separate orders of aquatic insects: odonata (dragonflies and damselflies); ephemeroptera (mayflies); diptera (true flies);…

Chihuahuan Desert Research Inst., Alpine, TX.

378

AQUATIC INFORMATION AND RETRIEVAL (AQUIRE) DATABASE SYSTEM  

Science.gov (United States)

The AQUlRE database system is one of the foremost international resources for finding aquatic toxicity information. Information in the system is organized around the concept of an aquatic toxicity test. A toxicity test record contains information about the chemical, species, endp...

379

Chapter 6: Selenium Toxicity to Aquatic Organisms  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter addresses the characteristics and nature of organic selenium (Se) toxicity to aquatic organisms, based on the most current state of scientific knowledge. As such, the information contained in this chapter relates to the 'toxicity assessment' phase of aquatic ecologi...

380

The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC): Supporting of nuclear knowledge progress through ten years of international cooperation (Information review)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ISTC is a unique international organisation created more than ten years ago by Russia, USA, EU and Japan in Moscow. Numerous science and technology projects are realised with the ISTC support in different areas, from bio technologies and environmental problems to all aspects of nuclear studies, including those focused on the development of effective innovative concepts and technologies in the nuclear field, in general, and for improvement of nuclear safety, in particular. Indeed, the concern of the international nuclear community about keeping information and skills is reasonable, and assistance to preservation of nuclear knowledge is important and relevant task rightly undertaken under the IAEA auspices. The presentation addresses some results of the ISTC projects as well as methods and approaches employed by the ISTC to foster close international collaboration and manage projects towards fruitful results. The basic idea behind establishing the ISTC was to support non-proliferation of the mass destruction weapons technologies by re-directing former Soviet weapons scientists to peaceful research thus preventing the drain of dangerous knowledge and expertise from Russia and other CIS countries. The Agreement on the ISTC creation as an intergovernmental organisation was signed in November 1992 on behalf of the European Union, Japan, Russia, and the United States of America. It was declared that the ISTC would pursue the following objectives: - Give weapons experts in the CIS the opportunity to redirect their talents to peaceful activities; - Contribute to the solution of national and international science and technology problems; - Reinforce the transition to market economies; - Support basic and applied research; - Promote integration of CIS scientists into global scientific community. The ISTC solicits, approves, finances, and monitors peaceful science and technology research conducted by Russia and CIS weapons scientists; - Projects are carried out at research institutes and facilities located in Russia and other CIS countries; - In the process of project implementation, collaboration with Western scientists and science organizations is highly encouraged. ISTC Science Project Program covers: The Science Project Program is the most comprehensive non-proliferation activity conducted by the ISTC. ISTC Partner Program aims to contribute to the solution of national and international science and technology problems, and to match Russia and CIS scientific potential and expertise to the needs of the world science, industries and businesses. Presently, the ISTC Partner list includes over 180 organizations and leading industrial companies from all ISTC parties. ISTC Activities to Date include over 4300 project proposals; as of April 2004, about 2000 projects have been approved for funding; total funding exceeds US dollar 600 million; more than 600 institutions and 52,000 specialists have received grants through the ISTC. The ISTC established the Technologies Database Program to establish and expand information exchange infrastructure concerning research activities, toward promoting the expertise of CIS research institutes and cooperation between CIS and foreign technical experts. Main Topics, fit with nuclear knowledge management are related to different aspects of nuclear science, reactor physics and modelling, and Nuclear Fuel Cycle, including actinide transmutation and plutonium disposition. Indeed, the concern of the international nuclear community about keeping information and skills is reasonable, and assistance to preservation of nuclear knowledge is important and relevant task rightly undertaken under the IAEA auspices. These aspects are: Publishing of monographs (in English and in Russian) on Nuclear reactors; Materials and material science; Theory, and mathematical modeling; Lasers, plasma physics, accelerators; Measurement and record technique; - Generators; Plutonium disposition; Experimental and computer benchmarking; Severe accident analysis; Radio ecological information; Nuclear data - measurements and evaluati

2004-09-07

 
 
 
 
381

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/16: The Potential of Technology for the Control of Small Weapons: Applications in Developing Countries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For improving the control of small arms, technology provides many possibilities. Present and future technical means are described in several areas. With the help of sensors deployed on the ground or on board aircraft, larger areas can be monitored. Using tags, seals, and locks, important objects and installations can be safeguarded better. With modern data processing and communication systems, more information can be available, and it can be more speedily processed. Together with navigation and transport equipment, action can be taken faster and at greater range. Particular considerations are presented for cargo control at roads, seaports, and airports, for monitoring designated lines, and for the control of legal arms. By starting at a modest level, costs can be kept low, which would aid developing countries. From the menu of technologies available, systems need to be designed for the intended application and with an understanding of the local conditions. It is recommended that states start with short-term steps, such as acquiring more and better radio transceivers, vehicles, small aircraft, and personal computers. For the medium term, states should begin with experiments and field testing of technologies such as tags, sensors, and digital communication equipment.

ALTMANN, JURGEN

2000-07-01

382

Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Information Seeking Behavior of Users in Astronomy and Astrophysics Centers of India: A Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is based on a survey designed to determine the Information Seeking Behavior (ISB) of Astronomy and Astrophysics users in India. The main objective of the study is to determine the sources consulted and the general pattern of the information-gathering system of users and the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on the Astronomy and Astrophysics user's Information Seeking Behavior. It examines various Information and Communication Technology-based resources and methods of access and use. A descriptive sample stratified method has been used and data was collected using a questionnaire as the main tool. The response rate was 72%. Descriptive statistics were also employed and data have been presented in tables and graphs. The study is supported by earlier studies. It shows that Astronomy and Astrophysics users have developed a unique Information Seeking Behavior to carry out their education and research. The vast majority of respondents reported that more information is available from a variety of e-resources. Consequently, they are able to devote more time to seek out relevant information in the current Information and Communication Technology scenario. The study also indicates that respondents use a variety of information resources including e-resources for teaching and research. Books and online databases such as the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) were considered more important as formal sources of information. E-mail and face-to-face communications are used extensively by users as informal sources of information. It also reveals that despite the presence of electronic sources, Astronomy and Astrophysics users are still using printed materials. This study should to help to improve various Information and Communication Technology-based services. It also suggests that GOI should adopt Information and Communication Technology-based Information Centers and Libraries services and recommends a network-based model for Astronomy and Astrophysics users.

Sahu, H. K.; Singh, S. N.

2010-10-01

383

Technology park establishment in the Republic of Kazakhstan on a basis of enterprises of the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the most efficient ways to enter the world community in the different parts of the world, especially in the countries with the developing economy is the high technology zones establishment. One of the main goals of such zones establishment is the easier way to attract the business to the country. This is achieved by: 1. cut-rate export/import operations introduction; 2. free moving of the businessmen in and out the country; 3. exact and clear legislation; 4. extra measures to strengthen technology zone infrastructure; 5. stable government to provide mentioned above conditions fulfillment. The most important issue for the western investors is the risk of the investments and he most important thing in this aspect is the possibility for the foreign investors to buy the land and real estate. Having considered the experience of KRAS Corporation in the establishment of the joint venture together with the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakstan major part of the above mentioned takes place in the Republic of Kazakstan and mainly this is related to the defense enterprises, which have a great intellectual potential and high technologies and all these allows to consider Kazakstan as one of the countries attractive not only by its mineral deposits but being attractive in highly technological productions establishment. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the following aspects of the issue: - strategically profitable location for the world export operations; - qualified man power; - appropriate infrastructure; - liberal laws to conduct the business; - government trust towards the private companies; - profitable return on the investments; - Favorable life conditions for the emigrants; Analysis of all these factors shows that it is possible to establish high technologies and productions park if all the conditions on western investments attraction will be fulfilled

1996-10-22

384

High efficiency electricity production in the sugar industry of the future: The Pacific International Center for High Technology Research Project (>6MW{sub e})  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR) is presently starting up a 100 tpd bagasse Renugas{reg_sign} gasifier which was developed under license from the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT). For thousands of years, mankind has used biomass for energy, burning it first in campfires. In more modem times, combustion boiler systems were developed such as those fueled by coal. Through inefficient, these systems answered an increasing need for energy brought on by the industrial revolution. Yesterday`s systems are being replaced with more efficient methods of energy conversion and extraction. Recognizing the untapped potential for biomass power to provide clean and efficient energy, the U.S. Department of Energy established the National Biomass Power Program in 1991. The State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism is collaborating in this national program to complement the development of its own sustainable resource program. As a key player in this program, PICHTR will design, construct, and operate a biomass gasification facility that will be the centerpiece of the nation`s biomass gasification technology.

Trenka, A.R. [Pacific International Center for High Technology Research, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1995-12-31

385

Handbook of Scaling Methods in Aquatic Ecology: Measurement, Analysis, Simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers in aquatic sciences have long been interested in describing temporal and biological heterogeneities at different observation scales. During the 1970s, scaling studies received a boost from the application of spectral analysis to ecological sciences. Since then, new insights have evolved in parallel with advances in observation technologies and computing power. In particular, during the last 2 decades, novel theoretical achievements were facilitated by the use of microstructure profilers, the application of mathematical tools derived from fractal and wavelet analyses, and the increase in computing power that allowed more complex simulations. The idea of publishing the Handbook of Scaling Methods in Aquatic Ecology arose out of a special session of the 2001 Aquatic Science Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. The edition of the book is timely, because it compiles a good amount of the work done in these last 2 decades. The book is comprised of three sections: measurements, analysis, and simulation. Each contains some review chapters and a number of more specialized contributions. The contents are multidisciplinary and focus on biological and physical processes and their interactions over a broad range of scales, from micro-layers to ocean basins. The handbook topics include high-resolution observation methodologies, as well as applications of different mathematical tools for analysis and simulation of spatial structures, time variability of physical and biological processes, and individual organism behavior. The scientific background of the authors is highly diverse, ensuring broad interest for the scientific community.

Marrasé, Celia

2004-03-01

386

Valuation Methodology for the Intangible Negotiation Contributions to the Projects Technology Management in a University R&D Center  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A valuation methodology for the intangible negotiation contributions is proposed from the negotiation circuits of the Management of Technology Development Projects (MTDP and linking model. It is based in the definition and optimization of specific criteria mathematical cost function. The application of the methodology requires the identification of a the negotiation circuits required for the project by the development team and the technology transfer and responsible linking office. To reduce the problem complexity some valuation criteria are used as the methodology fundaments. The MTDP model activities are not applied to all the organization's R&D projects, but it is clear that in all of them it is at least required one negotiation circuitto get the acceptance of the technical and economical project proposals. Finally, a function that covers the relation of the optimal probability success with respect to the percentage of those projects using negotiation at the different phases of the MTDP model is proposed. The methodology presented al lows the calculation of the negotiation contributions with respect to the whole Project value.

Vega–González L.R.

2010-10-01

387

Aquatic Species Program review: proceedings of principal investigators meeting  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of the Aquatic Species Program is to improve the productivity, conversion to fuels, and cost efficiency of aquatic plant culture technologies. The emphasis of the program is on developing a mass culture technology for cultivating oil-yielding microalgae in the American southwest. A technical and economic analysis indicated that such a concept would be feasible if (1) lipid yields from microalgae are improved, (2) there is sufficient saline water for large-scale development, and (3) microalgal lipids can be economically converted to conventional fuels. It was determined that fuels from microalgal lipids presented better options than converting the microalgal biomass to either alcohols or methane. All lipids can potentially be catalytically converted to gasoline, or the fatty acids can be converted to substitute diesel fuels. The Southwest has the necessary low, flat, underutilized lands, and carbon dioxide is available from either natural deposits or flue gas from industrial plants. The amount of saline water available will probably determine how much fuel can be produced from aquatic species, and this question should be answered during 1985. The largest constraint of this technology is the economical production of an oil-rich microalgal feedstock. The agenda for the review was divided into four sections: species selection and characterization, applied physiological studies, outdoor mass cultivation, and systems design and analysis. Papers from these presentations are included in these proceedings. Program advances were reported in the areas of species collection and selection, modulated light physiology, mass culture yields, harvesting of microalgae, mass culture facility design and analysis, and assessments on fuel options from microalgae. Separate abstracts have been prepared for each paper for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

1985-06-01

388

Overview of NASA Lewis Research Center free-piston Stirling engine technology activities applicable to space power systems  

Science.gov (United States)

A brief overview is presented of the development and technological activities of the free-piston Stirling engine. The engine started as a small scale fractional horsepower engine which demonstrated basic engine operating principles and the advantages of being hermetically sealed, highly efficient, and simple. It eventually developed into the free piston Stirling engine driven heat pump, and then into the SP-100 Space Reactor Power Program from which came the Space Power Demonstrator Engine (SPDE). The SPDE successfully operated for over 300 hr and delivered 20 kW of PV power to an alternator plunger. The SPDE demonstrated that a dynamic power conversion system can, with proper design, be balanced; and the engine performed well with externally pumped hydrostatic gas bearings.

Slaby, Jack G.

1987-01-01

389

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, ''Radioactive Waste Management Manual.'' This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, J.W.; Nenni, J.A.; Yoder, T.S.

2003-04-22

390

Results of Occupational Monitoring Program in Technologic Navy Center in Sao Paulo; Resultados do programa de monitoracao ocupacional do Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The CTMSP, Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo, is a nuclear research Center located in the State of Sao Paulo. CTMSP headquarters is placed at the Campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Most of CTMSP nuclear facilities are at the Centro Experimental Aramar (CEA), located 120 km northwest from the Capital city of Sao Paulo. CTMSP has two major nuclear programs. One is the development of a PWR reactor for naval propulsion, and the other is associated with the front end fuel cycle technology comprising enrichment, conversion and reconversion. These activities require an extensive area monitoring program. This paper presents the results of this program covering the years of 2003 to 2011. The results include surface monitoring, dose rates and uranium concentrations in the air. (author)

Perez, Clarice F.A.; Bitelli, Ricardo D.; Oliveira, Rodemir, E-mail: clarice.acosta@ctmsp.mar.mil.br, E-mail: bitelli@ctmsp.mar.mil.br, E-mail: rodemir@ctmsp.mar.mil.br [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-10-01

391

Development of an image processing system at the Technology Applications Center, UNM: Landsat image processing in mineral exploration and related activities. Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This project was a demonstration of the capabilities of Landsat satellite image processing applied to the monitoring of mining activity in New Mexico. Study areas included the Navajo coal surface mine, the Jackpile uranium surface mine, and the potash mining district near Carlsbad, New Mexico. Computer classifications of a number of land use categories in these mines were presented and discussed. A literature review of a number of case studies concerning the use of Landsat image processing in mineral exploration and related activities was prepared. Included in this review is a discussion of the Landsat satellite system and the basics of computer image processing. Topics such as destriping, contrast stretches, atmospheric corrections, ratioing, and classification techniques are addressed. Summaries of the STANSORT II and ELAS software packages and the Technology Application Center's Digital Image Processing System (TDIPS) are presented

1980-01-01

392

Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. This report is an update, and replaces the previous report by the same title issued April 2003. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

Bryant, Jeffrey W.

2010-08-12

393

Research ambient air industrial hygiene survey of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center at Bruceton, Pennsylvania. Final report, April 15--August 30, 1978  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This ambient air industrial hygiene evaluation was made in six selected process areas at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center on April 15--August 30, 1978. Personal and area sampling for predetermined dusts, vapors, gases and fumes was conducted with NIOSH approved equipment and procedures. The sample analyses were performed at the Industrial Health Foundation's AIHA accredited Analytical Laboratory. The results, reported as time-weighted average concentrations during the sampling period, indicate compliance with the present OSHA permissible values except for benzene concentrations in both laboratory areas. The present benzene TLV was exceeded on one occasion in each of the laboratory areas. These results indicate a need for periodic monitoring of both areas. Recommendations involve additional local exhaust ventilation, adjustable hood windows and periodic benzene sampling.

Speicher, H.W.; Kretchman, K.W.

1978-01-01

394

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center Recent Studies and Technology Developments in the Area of SSA/Orbital Debris  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA/MSFC has been investigating the various aspects of the growing orbital debris problem since early 2009. Data shows that debris ranging in size from 5 mm to 10 cm presents the greatest threat to operational spacecraft today. Therefore, MSFC has focused its efforts on small orbital debris. Using off-the-shelf analysis packages, like the ESA MASTER software, analysts at MSFC have begun to characterize the small debris environment in LEO to support several spacecraft concept studies and hardware test programs addressing the characterization, mitigation, and ultimate removal, if necessary, of small debris. The Small Orbital Debris Active Removal (SODAR) architectural study investigated the overall effectiveness of removing small orbital debris from LEO using a low power, space-based laser. The Small Orbital Debris Detection, Acquisition, and Tracking (SODDAT) conceptual technology demonstration spacecraft was developed to address the challenges of in-situ small orbital debris environment classification including debris observability and instrument requirements for small debris observation. Work is underway at MSFC in the areas of hardware and testing. By combining off the shelf digital video technology, telescope lenses, and advanced video image FPGA processing, MSFC is building a breadboard of a space based, passive orbital tracking camera that can detect and track faint objects (including small debris, satellites, rocket bodies, and NEOs) at ranges of tens to hundreds of kilometers and speeds in excess of 15 km/sec,. MSFC is also sponsoring the development of a one-of-a-kind Dynamic Star Field Simulator with a high resolution large monochrome display and a custom collimator capable of projecting realistic star images with simple orbital debris spots (down to star magnitude 11-12) into a passive orbital detection and tracking system with simulated real-time angular motions of the vehicle mounted sensor. The dynamic star field simulator can be expanded for multiple sensors (including advanced star trackers), real-time vehicle pointing inputs, and more complex orbital debris images. This system is also adaptable to other sensor optics, missions, and installed sensor testing.

Wiegmann, Bruce M.; Hovater, Mary; Kos, Larry

2012-01-01

395

Biointerfaces for Two-way Communication to Assess Hazards in the Aquatic Environment.  

Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (Canada)

In October 1998, a workshop sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Program Agency (DARPA) convened to discuss the potential for using instrumented aquatic sentinel species to transmit or bring back information relevant to environmental and human health hazards in geographical regions of concern. Workshop participants, including experts in the fields of ecology, toxicology, telemetry, animal behavior, and sensor technology, discussed research on tracking free-ranging aquatic organisms and receiving telemetered information on movement, behavior, and physiological condition. Monitoring systems now functional or under development can monitor physiological parameters such as activity and swimming speed, movement patterns, heart rate, cardiac output, and ventilation rate. Increasingly sophisticated approaches are being developed for interacting with free-ranging aquatic species, and future possibilities include the use of various devices to. direct the movements of aquatic organisms to specific areas of concern. Considering advances in technology that are now or will soon be available, workshop participants discussed how best to implement the use of living environmental biomonitors. Workshop participants were enthusiastic about the future potential for using aquatic organisms to provide timely information on contaminants in freshwater and marine environments.

1999-01-01

396

Superconductivity program for electric systems, Superconductivity Technology Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, annual progress report for fiscal year 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Development of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) has undergone tremendous progress during the past year. Kilometer tape lengths and associated magnets based on BSCCO materials are now commercially available from several industrial partners. Superconducting properties in the exciting YBCO coated conductors continue to be improved over longer lengths. The Superconducting Partnership Initiative (SPI) projects to develop HTS fault current limiters and transmission cables have demonstrated that HTS prototype applications can be produced successfully with properties appropriate for commercial applications. Research and development activities at LANL related to the HTS program for Fiscal Year 1997 are collected in this report. LANL continues to support further development of Bi2223 and Bi2212 tapes in collaboration with American Superconductor Corporation (ASC) and Oxford Superconductivity Technology, Inc. (OSTI), respectively. The tape processing studies involving novel thermal treatments and microstructural characterization have assisted these companies in commercializing these materials. The research on second-generation YBCO-coated conductors produced by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) over buffer template layers produced by ion beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) continues to lead the world. The applied physics studies of magnetic flux pinning by proton and heavy ion bombardment of BSCCO and YBCO tapes have provided many insights into improving the behavior of these materials in magnetic fields. Sections 4 to 7 of this report contain a list of 29 referred publications and 15 conference abstracts, a list of patent and license activities, and a comprehensive list of collaborative agreements in progress and completed.

Willis, J.O.; Newnam, B.E. [eds.; Peterson, D.E.

1999-03-01

397

Using AquaticHealth.net to Detect Emerging Trends in Aquatic Animal Health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AquaticHealth.net is an open-source aquatic biosecurity intelligence application. By combining automated data collection and human analysis, AquaticHealth.net provides fast and accurate disease outbreak detection and forecasts, accompanied with nuanced explanations. The system has been online and open to the public since 1 January 2010, it has over 200 registered expert users around the world, and it typically publishes about seven daily reports and two weekly disease alerts. We document the ...

Aidan Lyon; Allan Mooney; Geoff Grossel

2013-01-01

398

Technologies  

... Luis Paulo Reis School of Engineering University of Minho - DSI Campus de Azurém, 4800-058 Guimaraes, Portugal Interests: artificial intelligence; intelligent robotics; information systems; intelligent simulation Prof. Dr. José Ignacio Rojas Sola Department of Engineering Graphics, Design and Projects, University of Jaen, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n, Jaen 23071, Spain Website: http://www4.ujaen.es/~jirojas/ Interests: engineering graphics; technical drawing; descriptive geometry; industrial heritage; industrial archaeology; history of technology; ...

399

In situ recovery of oil from Utah tar sand: a summary of tar sand research at the Laramie Energy Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes work done by the United States Department of Energy's Laramie Energy Technology Center from 1971 through 1982 to develop technology for future recovery of oil from US tar sands. Work was concentrated on major US tar sand deposits that are found in Utah. Major objectives of the program were as follows: determine the feasibility of in situ recovery methods applied to tar sand deposits; and establish a system for classifying tar sand deposits relative to those characteristics that would affect the design and operation of various in situ recovery processes. Contents of this report include: (1) characterization of Utah tar sand; (2) laboratory extraction studies relative to Utah tar sand in situ methods; (3) geological site evaluation; (4) environmental assessments and water availability; (5) reverse combustion field experiment, TS-1C; (6) a reverse combustion followed by forward combustion field experiment, TS-2C; (7) tar sand permeability enhancement studies; (8) two-well steam injection experiment; (9) in situ steam-flood experiment, TS-1S; (10) design of a tar sand field experiment for air-stream co-injection, TS-4; (11) wastewater treatment and oil analyses; (12) economic evaluation of an in situ tar sand recovery process; and (13) appendix I (extraction studies involving Utah tar sands, surface methods). 70 figs., 68 tabs.

Marchant, L.C.; Westhoff, J.D.

1985-10-01

400

Using AquaticHealth.net to Detect Emerging Trends in Aquatic Animal Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AquaticHealth.net is an open-source aquatic biosecurity intelligence application. By combining automated data collection and human analysis, AquaticHealth.net provides fast and accurate disease outbreak detection and forecasts, accompanied with nuanced explanations. The system has been online and open to the public since 1 January 2010, it has over 200 registered expert users around the world, and it typically publishes about seven daily reports and two weekly disease alerts. We document the major trends in aquatic animal health that the system has detected over these two years, and conclude with some forecasts for the future.

Geoff Grossel

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
401

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Aquatic Organisms  

Science.gov (United States)

The presence of active pharmaceuticals ingredients (APIs) in aquatic systems in recent years has led to a burgeoning literature examining environmental occurrence, fate, effects, risk assessment, and treatability of these compounds. Although APIs have received much attention as ...

402

Nitrous oxide emission by aquatic macrofauna  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

  A large variety of aquatic animals was found to emit the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide when nitrate was present in the environment. The emission was ascribed to denitrification by ingested bacteria in the anoxic animal gut, and the exceptionally high N2O-to-N2 production ratio suggested delayed induction of the last step of denitrification. Filter- and deposit-feeding animal species showed the highest rates of nitrous oxide emission and predators the lowest, probably reflecting the different amounts of denitrifying bacteria in the diet. We estimate that nitrous oxide emission by aquatic animals is quantitatively important in nitraterich aquatic environments like freshwater, coastal marine, and deep-sea ecosystems. The contribution of this source to overall nitrous oxide emission from aquatic environments might further increase because of the projected increase of nitrate availability in tropical regions and the numeric dominance of filter- and depositfeeders in eutrophic ecosystems.

Stief, Peter; Poulsen, Morten

2009-01-01

403

Freshwater aquatic plant biomass production in Florida  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

About 8% (1.2 million ha) of the total surface area of Florida is occupied by freshwater. Many of these water bodies are eutrophic. Nutrients present in these water bodies can be potentially used to culture aquatic plants as a possible feedstock for methane production. This paper summarizes the results of known research findings on biomass production potential of freshwater aquatic plants in Florida and identifies key research needs to improve the quality and quantity of biomass yields. Among floating aquatic plants, biomass yield potential was in the order of water-hyacinth > water lettuce > pennywort > salvinia > duckweed > azolla. Pennywort, duckweed, and azolla appear to perform well during the cooler months compared to other aquatic plants. Among emergent plants, biomass yield potential was in the order of southern wild rice > cattails > soft rush > bulrush. Cultural techniques, nutrient management, and environmental factors influencing the biomass yields were discussed. 68 references.

Reddy, K.R.; Sutton, D.L.; Bowes, G.

1983-01-01

404

AQUATIC TOXICITY INFORMATION RETRIEVAL (AQUIRE) DATABASE  

Science.gov (United States)

The AQUIRE (AQUatic toxicity Information REtrieval) database was established in 1981 by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Mid-Continent Ecology Division, Duluth, MN (MED-Duluth). Scientific papers published both nationally and internationally on the tox...

405

Banana River Aquatic Preserve Management Plan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The major objectives of the aquatic preserve management program are to manage the preserve to ensure the maintenance of an essentially natural condition, and to restore and enhance those conditions which are not in a natural condition. Management will als...

1985-01-01

406

A REVIEW OF AQUATIC HABITAT ASSESSMENT METHODS  

Science.gov (United States)

Approximately 30 aquatic habitat assessment techniques were summarized and compared to provide information to watershed and nonpoint pollution control managers. Most methods have been developed by Federal or state agencies and have had greatest application in the western United S...

407

Os Centros Federais de Educação Tecnológica e o ensino superior: duas lógicas em confronto / The federal centers of technological education and higher education: two confronting logics  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O sentido educacional que os Centros Federais de Educação Tecnológica assumem ao se tornarem, progressivamente, instituições de ensino superior, exige que se defina que ser humano se quer formar e a que finalidades se destina a educação. Cabe ainda uma reflexão sobre a questão da técnica, da ciência [...] e da tecnologia e sua relação com o trabalho e a educação. Tendo como horizonte uma visão de totalidade social dos fenômenos, nas múltiplas relações que estabelecem, portanto, na sua complexidade, trataremos do tema proposto em sua dimensão histórica e política. Primeiro, refletimos sobre o significado da técnica e sua relação com o conhecimento, a ciência e as tecnologias. A seguir, trataremos dos termos cidadão produtivo e/ou emancipado e da estrutura social brasileira e suas grandes desigualdades. Por último, da questão da universidade, da produção do conhecimento e de sua relação com o ensino médio e a formação de tecnólogos em nível superior. Abstract in english As the Federal Centers of Technological Education gradually become higher education institutions the educational meaning they assume requires a definition of which human being we want to form and what purposes education serves. A reflection about the issue of technique, science and technology and th [...] eir relation to work and education is also needed. Seeking a vision of social totality of the phenomena, in their multiple relations, therefore, in their complexity, we tackle the proposed subject in its historical and political dimension. We first reflect on the meaning of technique and its relation to knowledge, science and technologies. We then approach the terms productive and/or emancipated citizen and the Brazilian social structure, marked by great inequalities. Finally, we raise the issues of universities and production of knowledge and their relation to senior high school and the education of technologists on a higher level.

Maria, Ciavatta.

408

IRASM Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

IRASM is a national center for radiation processing developed around an industrial Co60 gamma irradiator. Being a department in an R and D national institute, IRASM Center is dealing with radiation treatment, pre/post microbiological control, validation of irradiation sterilization, detection of irradiated foodstuffs. Training is available for operators of new irradiation facilities focused on radiation technologies, dosimetry, sterilization, food treatment, conservation by irradiation of cultural heritage, quality assurance. Expertise on proper choosing the plastics for packaging versus dose is offered to the potential clients. IRASM Center is also involved in interdisciplinary applied research like chitosan treatment, sterile male technique or implementation of irradiation step in production of pharmaceuticals. All important activities: irradiation treatment, dosimetry, microbiology, detection of irradiated food, radioprotection, nuclear safety, physical protection. are performed in accordance with the proper standards in the frame of a certified quality management system. In this way Co60 industrial sources, a byproduct of certain nuclear power plants like Candu type, appear to be the key of a large technical and R and D domain. (authors)

2003-10-20

409

Aquatic toxicity of petroleum additives  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A proactive product stewardship program was undertaken by the Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers (ATC) in Europe and the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) in the United States to develop a database for the acute aquatic toxicity of the major petroleum additive classes. Different additive components chosen from major lubricant additive classes were tested for acute toxicity to freshwater fish, an invertebrate, algae, and wastewater treatment microorganisms. Test organisms were exposed to individually prepared water accommodated fractions (WAFS) of the additive component in the invertebrate and algae tests to avoid physical fouling of the test organisms. Fish were tested using both WAFs and dispersions in order to compare test methods. The test material was directly added to each microorganism suspension in the activated sludge inhibition test. Testing was performed using current OECD test guidelines and in accordance with Good Laboratory Practices (GLP). The majority of the additive components exhibited low toxicity to the test organisms. However, toxicity was observed with the zinc dithiophosphates and, to a lesser extent, with the calcium alkaryl sulfonates.

Rausina, G.; Barth, M.; Blackmon, J.; Hoke, D.; Isola, D.; Linnet, S.; Ribeiro, P.; Ward, T.

1995-12-31

410

Aquatic photochemistry of nitrofuran antibiotics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aquatic photochemical degradation of a class of pharmaceuticals known as the nitrofuran antibiotics (furaltadone, furazolidone, and nitrofurantoin) was investigated. Direct photolysis is the dominant photodegradation pathway for these compounds with the formation of a photostationary state between the syn and the anti isomers occurring during the first minutes of photolysis. The direct photolysis rate constant and quantum yield were calculated for each of the three nitrofurans. Reaction rate constants with reactive oxygen species (ROS), 102 and *OH, were also measured, and half-lives were calculated using environmentally relevant ROS concentrations. Half-lives calculated for reaction with 1O2 and *OH are in the ranges of 120-1900 and 74-82 h, respectively. When compared to the direct photolysis half-lives, 0.080-0.44 h in mid-summer at 45 degrees N latitude, it is clear that indirect photochemical processes cannot compete with direct photolysis. The major photodegradation product of the nitrofurans was found to be nitrofuraldehyde, which is also photolabile. Upon photolysis, nitrofuraldehyde produces NO, which is easily oxidized to nitrous acid. The acid produced further catalyzes the photodegradation of the parent nitrofuran antibiotics, leading to autocatalytic behavior. Natural waters were found to buffer the acid formation. PMID:16999120

Edhlund, Betsy L; Arnold, William A; McNeill, Kristopher

2006-09-01

411

Genome Data Analysis Centers  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of novel technologies, the need to integrate different data types and the immense quantity of data generated by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network has led to an expansion of the TCGA Research Network to include new centers devoted to data analysis. The Genome Data Analysis Centers (GDACs) work hand-in-hand with the Genome Characterization Centers (GCCs) to develop state-of-the-art tools that assist researchers with processing and integrating data analyses across the entire genome.

412

Biological Visualization, Imaging and Simulation(Bio-VIS) at NASA Ames Research Center: Developing New Software and Technology for Astronaut Training and Biology Research in Space  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bio- Visualization, Imaging and Simulation (BioVIS) Technology Center at NASA's Ames Research Center is dedicated to developing and applying advanced visualization, computation and simulation technologies to support NASA Space Life Sciences research and the objectives of the Fundamental Biology Program. Research ranges from high resolution 3D cell imaging and structure analysis, virtual environment simulation of fine sensory-motor tasks, computational neuroscience and biophysics to biomedical/clinical applications. Computer simulation research focuses on the development of advanced computational tools for astronaut training and education. Virtual Reality (VR) and Virtual Environment (VE) simulation systems have become important training tools in many fields from flight simulation to, more recently, surgical simulation. The type and quality of training provided by these computer-based tools ranges widely, but the value of real-time VE computer simulation as a method of preparing individuals for real-world tasks is well established. Astronauts routinely use VE systems for various training tasks, including Space Shuttle landings, robot arm manipulations and extravehicular activities (space walks). Currently, there are no VE systems to train astronauts for basic and applied research experiments which are an important part of many missions. The Virtual Glovebox (VGX) is a prototype VE system for real-time physically-based simulation of the Life Sciences Glovebox where astronauts will perform many complex tasks supporting research experiments aboard the International Space Station. The VGX consists of a physical display system utilizing duel LCD projectors and circular polarization to produce a desktop-sized 3D virtual workspace. Physically-based modeling tools (Arachi Inc.) provide real-time collision detection, rigid body dynamics, physical properties and force-based controls for objects. The human-computer interface consists of two magnetic tracking devices (Ascention Inc.) attached to instrumented gloves (Immersion Inc.) which co-locate the user's hands with hand/forearm representations in the virtual workspace. Force-feedback is possible in a work volume defined by a Phantom Desktop device (SensAble inc.). Graphics are written in OpenGL. The system runs on a 2.2 GHz Pentium 4 PC. The prototype VGX provides astronauts and support personnel with a real-time physically-based VE system to simulate basic research tasks both on Earth and in the microgravity of Space. The immersive virtual environment of the VGX also makes it a useful tool for virtual engineering applications including CAD development, procedure design and simulation of human-system systems in a desktop-sized work volume.

Smith, Jeffrey

2003-01-01

413

SciDAC's Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Semi-Annual Progress Report for the Period April 1, 2009 through September 30, 2009  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes work carried out by the ESG-CET during the period April 1, 2009 through September 30, 2009. It includes discussion of highlights, overall progress, period goals, collaborations, papers, and presentations. To learn more about our project, and to find previous reports, please visit the Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) website. This report will be forwarded to the DOE SciDAC program management, the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) program management, national and international collaborators and stakeholders (e.g., the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5), the Climate Science Computational End Station (CCES), the SciDAC II: A Scalable and Extensible Earth System Model for Climate Change Science, the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP), and other wide-ranging climate model evaluation activities). During this semi-annual reporting period, the ESG-CET team continued its efforts to complete software components needed for the ESG Gateway and Data Node. These components include: Data Versioning, Data Replication, DataMover-Lite (DML) and Bulk Data Mover (BDM), Metrics, Product Services, and Security, all joining together to form ESG-CET's first beta release. The launch of the beta release is scheduled for late October with the installation of ESG Gateways at NCAR and LLNL/PCMDI. Using the developed ESG Data Publisher, the ESG II CMIP3 (IPCC AR4) data holdings - approximately 35 TB - will be among the first datasets to be published into the new ESG enterprise system. In addition, the NCAR's ESG II data holdings will also be published into the new system - approximately 200 TB. This period also saw the testing of the ESG Data Node at various collaboration sites, including: the British Atmospheric Data Center (BADC), the Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, the University of Tokyo Center for Climate System Research, and the Australian National University. This period, a total of 14 national and international sites installed an ESG Data Node for testing. During this period, we also continued to provide production-level services to the community, providing researchers worldwide with access to CMIP3 (IPCC AR4), CCES, and CCSM, Parallel Climate Model (PCM), Parallel Ocean Program (POP), and Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP), and NARCCAP data.

Williams, D N; Foster, I T; Middleton, D E

2009-10-15

414

Objectives and Current Status of the IAEA Network of Centers of Excellence: Training in and Demonstration of Waste Disposal Technologies in Underground Research Laboratories  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) to develop and demonstrate technologies for the safe geologic disposal of radioactive wastes have been established for national purposes by several Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Under the auspices of the IAEA, nationally developed URLs and associated research institutions are being offered for use by other nations. These facilities form a Network of Centers of Excellence for training in and development of waste disposal technologies. Experience gained in the operation of the facilities, and through associated experimentation and demonstrations, will be transferred to participating Member States through hands-on work at the facilities. The Network consists of Network Members and Network Participants who share co-operative activities. Network Members are owners of facilities who have offered them to be part of the Network. At this time there are eight Members consisting of six underground facilities, a laboratory, and a university. Network Participants can potentially come from any interested IAEA Member State having spent nuclear fuel for disposal, with or without an established program for geologic disposal. There are presently about 15 Network Participants. A significant Network activity beginning in 2003 will be a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on characterization and evaluation of swelling clays for use in engineered barrier systems of geologic repositories. At the end of this project, every involved Member State should be able to identify and characterize a swelling clay that is suitable for use in a geologic repository. As the Network grows, additional CRPs to be carried out in the Underground Research Facilities of the Network Members will be defined.

Bell, M. J.; Knapp, M. R.

2003-02-27

415

technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Neurons in the mammalian neocortex receive inputs from and communicate back to thousands of other neurons, creating complex spatiotemporal activity patterns. The experimental investigation of these parallel dynamic interactions has been limited due to the technical challenges of monitoring or manipulating neuronal activity at that level of complexity. Here we describe a new massively parallel photostimulation system that can be used to control action potential firing in in vitro brain slices with high spatial and temporal resolution while performing extracellular or intracellular electrophysiological measurements. The system uses Digital-Light-Processing (DLP technology to generate 2-dimensional (2D stimulus patterns with >780,000 independently controlled photostimulation sites that operate at high spatial (5.4 µm and temporal (>13kHz resolution. Light is projected through the quartz-glass bottom of the perfusion chamber providing access to a large area (2.76 x 2.07 mm2 of the slice preparation. This system has the unique capability to induce temporally precise action potential firing in large groups of neurons distributed over a wide area covering several cortical columns. Parallel photostimulation opens up new opportunities for the in vitro experimental investigation of spatiotemporal neuronal interactions at a broad range of anatomical scales.

DetlefH.Heck

2011-08-01

416

Idaho HWMA/RCRA Closure Plan for Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tanks WM-182 and WM-183 - Rev. 2  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document presents the plan for the closure of the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility tanks WM-182 and WM-183 in accordance with Idaho Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act interim status closure requirements. Closure of these two tanks is the first in a series of closures leading to the final closure of the eleven 300,000-gal tanks in the Tank Farm Facility. As such, closure of tanks WM-182 and WM-183 will serve as a proof-of-process demonstration of the waste removal, decontamination, and sampling techniques for the closure of the remaining Tank Farm Facility tanks. Such an approach is required because of the complexity and uniqueness of the Tank Farm Facility closure. This plan describes the closure units, objectives, and compliance strategy as well as the operational history and current status of the tanks. Decontamination, closure activities, and sampling and analysis will be performed with the goal of achieving clean closure of the tanks. Coordination with other regulatory requirements, such as U.S. Department of Energy closure requirements, is also discussed.

Evans, Susan Kay; unknown

2000-12-01

417

Status of the 1.76 MeV pulsed light ion beamline at the Northrop Grumman Advanced Technology and Development Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NGC) Advanced Technology and Development Center (ATDC) beamline has recently been upgraded to provide a 1.76 MeV beam for use in the testing of various types of targets for gamma ray production. The beam is produced by an RF Driven multicusp volume ion source. After transport through a dual solenoid LEBT. the beam is captured and accelerated to 1.013 MeV by an electroformed monolithic RFQ. The DTL boosts the 1.013 MeV output of the RFQ up to 1.76 MeV. A bunching cavity and three permanent magnet quadrupoles match the RFQ output to the DTL. Downstream of the DTL an electromagnetic quadrupole HEBT transports the beam to a diagnostic station housing target testing hardware. Automatic startup and control algorithms have been developed to simplify- beamline operations. A new sequenced autostart has been developed to start up all three RF cavities and initiate amplitude, phase, and frequency control subsystems. The frequency-control system, which uses a sliding-short tuner and an I and Q tune sensor, is currently integrated into the main control system. This paper will discuss the status of the beamline with emphasis on the energy upgrade, automatic startup and control systems, and the frequency-control subsystem. (author)

1996-11-15

418

Measurement of Sedimentary Interbed Hydraulic Properties and Their Hydrologic Influence near the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory  

Science.gov (United States)

Disposal of wastewater to unlined infiltration ponds near the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), formerly known as the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has resulted in the formation of perched water bodies in the unsaturated zone (Cecil and others, 1991). The unsaturated zone at INEEL comprises numerous basalt flows interbedded with thinner layers of coarse- to fine-grained sediments and perched ground-water zones exist at various depths associated with massive basalts, basalt-flow contacts, sedimentary interbeds, and sediment-basalt contacts. Perched ground water is believed to result from large infiltration events such as seasonal flow in the Big Lost River and wastewater discharge to infiltration ponds. Evidence from a large-scale tracer experiment conducted in 1999 near the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC), approximately 13 km from the INTEC, indicates that rapid lateral flow of perched water in the unsaturated zone may be an important factor in contaminant transport at the INEEL (Nimmo and others, 2002b). Because sedimentary interbeds, and possibly baked-zone alterations at sediment-basalt contacts (Cecil and other, 1991) play an important role in the generation of perched water it is important to assess the hydraulic properties of these units.

Perkins, Kim S.

2003-01-01

419

Reconnaissance survey of site 7 of the proposed Three Rivers Regional Landfill and Technology Center, Savannah River Site, Aiken County, South Carolina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report documents the archaeological investigation of Site 7 of the proposed Three Rivers Regional Landfill and Technology Center in Aiken County on the United States Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina. Pedestrian and subsurface survey techniques were used to investigate the 1,403-acre project area. Survey resulted in the discovery of 23 previously unrecorded sites and 11 occurrences; six previously recorded sites were also investigated. These sites consist of six prehistoric sites, nine historic sites, and 14 sites with both prehistoric and historic components. Sites locations and project area boundaries are provided on a facsimile of a USGS 7.5 topographic map. The prehistoric components consist of very small, low-density lithic and ceramic scatters; most contain less than 10 artifacts. Six of the prehistoric components are of unknown cultural affiliation, the remaining prehistoric sites were occupied predominately in the Woodland period. The historic sites are dominated by postbellum/modem home places of tenant and yeoman farmers but four historic sites were locations of antebellum house sites (38AK136, 38AK613, 38AK660, and 38AK674). The historic sites also include an African-American school (38AK677).

Cabak, M.A.; Beck, M.L.; Gillam, C.; Sassaman, K.E.

1996-02-01

420

Preparation, characterization, and applications of a novel solid-phase microextraction fiber by sol-gel technology on the surface of stainless steel wire for determination of poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in aquatic environmental samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

A novel solid-phase microextraction(SPME) fiber was prepared using sol-gel technology with ethoxylated nonylphenol as a fiber coating material. The fiber was employed to develop a headspace SPME-GC-MS method suitable for quantification of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples. Surface characteristics of the fibers were inspected by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy as well as by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM measurements showed the presence of highly porous nano-sized particles in the coating. Important parameters affecting the extraction efficiency such as extraction temperature and time, desorption conditions as well as ionic strength have been evaluated and optimized. In the next step, the validation of the new method have been performed, finding it to be specific in the trace analysis of PAHs, with the limit of detection (LOD) ranging from 0.01 to 0.5 ?g L(-1) and the linear range from the respective LOD to 200 ?g L(-1) with RSD amounting to less than 8%. The thermal stability of the fibers was investigated as well and they were found to be durable at 280°C for 345 min. Furthermore, the proposed method was successfully applied for quantification of PAHs in real water samples. PMID:24528659

Es-haghi, Ali; Hosseininasab, Valiallah; Bagheri, Habib

2014-02-27

 
 
 
 
421

Gerald L. Epstein, PhD: director, center for science, technology, and security policy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Interview by Madeline Drexler.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over his entire career, Gerald Epstein has toiled at the nexus of science, technology, and security. From 2003 to 2009, he was Senior Fellow for Science and Security at the Center for Strategic and International Studies Homeland Security Program, where he worked on reducing biological weapons threats, improving national preparedness, and easing potential tensions between the scientific research and national security communities. Epstein came to CSIS from the Institute for Defense Analyses. From 1996 to 2001, he served in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. And from 1983 to 1989, and again from 1991 until its demise in 1995, Epstein worked at the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, where he directed a study on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, alongside research on other global security topics. A recognized expert in biological risk reduction, Epstein was actually trained as a physicist, having received SB degrees in physics and electrical engineering from MIT, and a PhD in physics from the University of California at Berkeley. How, then, did he come to study the evolving threat from bioterrorism? "What compelled me about bioterrorism was that it was a stellar example of a topic that would lead to a train wreck between the scientific community and the security community unless they figured out how to work together," he said. "The distance between a laboratory and a very large consequence event is a lot shorter in biology than in any other field. I got into bioterrorism to help make sure that the security community doesn't get so scared of the science that it shuts it down, and that the science community isn't so oblivious of security concerns that it pays no attention to them." Epstein spoke on November 6, 2009, with contributing writer Madeline Drexler, author of Emerging Epidemics: The Menace of New Infections (Penguin, 2009), an updated version of an earlier volume. Drexler holds a visiting appointment at the Harvard School of Public Health and is a senior fellow at Brandeis University's Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism. PMID:20028243

Epstein, Gerald L

2009-12-01

422

The National Wind Technology Center  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Wind energy research began at the Rocky Flats test site in 1976 when Rockwell International subcontracted with the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). The Rocky Flats Plant was competitively selected from a number of ERDA facilities primarily because it experienced high instantaneous winds and provided a large, clear land area. By 1977, several small wind turbines were in place. During the facility`s peak of operation, in 1979-1980, researchers were testing as many as 23 small wind turbines of various configurations, including commercially available machines and prototype turbines developed under subcontract to Rocky Flats. Facilities also included 8-kW, 40-kW, and 225-kW dynamometers; a variable-speed test bed; a wind/hybrid test facility; a controlled velocity test facility (in Pueblo, Colorado); a modal test facility, and a multimegawatt switchgear facility. The main laboratory building was dedicated in July 1981 and was operated by the Rocky Flats Plant until 1984, when the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) and Rocky Flats wind energy programs were merged and transferred to SERI. SERI and now the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) continued to conduct wind turbine system component tests after 1987, when most program personnel were moved to the Denver WEst Office Park in Golden and site ownership