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1

Emergent Literacy: Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study reports on the construction of a research instrument developed to examine preschool teachers' beliefs and practices in relation to emergent literacy. A 130-item survey (Preschool Literacy Survey, PLS) was completed by a total of 90 preschool teachers in Norway. Items were grouped into homogenous scales, and the relationship…

Sandvik, Jenny Miglis; van Daal, Victor H. P.; Adèr, Herman J.

2014-01-01

2

Emerging identity of Finnish nurse teachers: student teachers' narratives in a group exam.  

Science.gov (United States)

In Finland students pursuing in Master's Degree Programme have a previous degree in nursing from polytechnics. Nurse teacher qualification also includes at least five year's experience of working in practice. This article concentrates on the conflicts student teachers brought up in a group exam as regards changing a nurse's identity into a teacher's identity in teacher training. The approach of the study on this group was narrative. The data were collected by videotaping two group exam situations (five hours in all) of volunteer student teachers (N= 5) during the last course (Nurse teacher's inquiring mind) of their nurse teacher studies in 2002. The material was transcribed and analysed using categorical-content reading to identify particular themes, story lines and messages within material. By abstracting these, stories that describe the content can be found. Three narratives emerged in the analysis: 1. Competence creates confidence; 2. Shared teacher identity; 3. Ethics of teacher identity. The narratives raised new ideas for developing nurse teacher education in the future. Nowadays, there are good prospects for developing a shared teacher identity if there is willingness to co-operate within a learning community of a new kind. PMID:16040167

Janhonen, Sirpa; Sarja, Anneli

2005-10-01

3

Passionate Utterance and Moral Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores Stanley Cavell's notion of "passionate utterance", which acts as an extension of/departure from (we might read it as both) J. L. Austin's theory of the performative. Cavell argues that Austin having made the revolutionary discovery that truth claims in language are bound up with how words perform, then gets bogged by convention…

Munday, Ian

2009-01-01

4

THE JOURNALISTIC UTTERANCE ON TWITTER  

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Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the impact of the characteristics of the Twitter platform on the application of standard journalistic technique (TRAQUINA, 2008 during the creation and production of news releases as tweets and, at the same time, it seeks to identify their specifications regarding traditional journalistic utterances. Through the analysis of 134 tweets collected from newspaper profiles of Folha de S. Paulo, Zero Hora and Diário Popular, we have obtained indications that led us to confirm our central assumption. In other words, the hierarchical pattern and purpose that guide the creation of standard news, and therefore, the special language that characterizes traditional journalism, begin to give way to models that are more horizontal and interactive, that redesign the standard technique (based on the model of the Inverted Pyramid and thus, modify journalistic writing - interfering in its discursive effects (GOMES, 2000.

Mabel Oliveira Teixeira

2012-06-01

5

Emerging Patterns for Teacher Education and Certification in the South.  

Science.gov (United States)

Southern states are introducing one or more of a combination of five approaches to teacher education and certification, all of which are aimed at improving the quality of new teachers. These include: (1) adding test requirements at or near the end of the bachelor's degree teacher education program; (2) lengthening the probationary period for new…

Stoltz, Robert E.

6

Differences of Articulation Rate and Utterance Length in Fluent and Disfluent Utterances of Preschool Children Who Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of four types of utterances in preschool children who stutter: perceptually fluent, containing normal disfluencies (OD utterance), containing stuttering-like disfluencies (SLD utterance), and containing both normal and stuttering-like disfluencies (SLD+OD utterance).…

Chon, HeeCheong; Sawyer, Jean; Ambrose, Nicoline G.

2012-01-01

7

Coaching Teachers for Emergent Literacy Instruction Using Performance-Based Feedback  

Science.gov (United States)

Coaching has garnered support as a professional development approach that helps teachers use research-based instruction to teach emergent literacy skills to young children. However, approaches to coaching vary widely, as do the backgrounds and training of the teachers included in different studies. This study investigated the influence of…

McCollum, Jeanette A.; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Hsieh, Wu-Ying

2013-01-01

8

Emerging Theoretical Models of Reading through Authentic Assessments among Preservice Teachers: Two Case Studies  

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This two-part study examines the emerging understanding of the reading process among preservice teachers (PTs), enrolled in a teacher preparation course on diagnostic reading. The study focuses on the use of reading assessment tools to understand the process of reading, while using reading inventories for diagnostic as well as pedagogical…

Oboler, Eileen S.; Gupta, Abha

2010-01-01

9

Growing the Profession: What the Association of Teacher Educators (ATE) Offers to Emerging Scholars  

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Developing a scholarly, professional identity is one of the most difficult aspects of entering the field of higher education and teacher preparation. In this article, the authors describe the birth and success of Association of Teacher Educators' (ATE) Emerging Scholars program, a new program designed to help graduate students and those new to…

Embry-Jenlink, Karen; Peace, Terrell M.

2012-01-01

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Emergent Theorisations in Modelling the Teaching of Two Science Teachers  

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The main goal of this study is to understand the teacher's thoughts and action when he/she is immersed in the activity of teaching. To do so, it describes the procedures used to model two teachers' practice with respect to the topic of Plant Diversity. Starting from a consideration of the theoretical constructs of script, routine and…

Monteiro, Rute; Carrillo, Jose; Aguaded, Santiago

2008-01-01

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Emerging Teachers-Emerging Identities: Trust and Accountability in the Construction of Newly Qualified Teachers in Norway, Germany, and England  

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Within the context of globalisation, this article problematises some of the literature on teachers' professional identities in which a convergence and homogenisation of the profession is implied. It achieves this by focusing on the early experiences of 32 newly qualified teachers in Norway, Germany, and England. The article explores conceptions of…

Czerniawski, Gerry

2011-01-01

12

How Do People Produce Ungrammatical Utterances?  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigate whether people might come to produce utterances that they regard as ungrammatical by examining the production of ungrammatical verb-construction combinations (e.g., "The dancer donates the soldier the apple") after exposure to both grammatical and ungrammatical sentences. We contrast two accounts of how such production might take…

Ivanova, Iva; Pickering, Martin J.; McLean, Janet F.; Costa, Albert; Branigan, Holly P.

2012-01-01

13

Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the i...

Mohandas U; Chandan G

2009-01-01

14

Emerging Practice for New Teachers: Creating Possibilities for "Aesthetic" Readings  

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This article explores how exposure to aesthetic education approaches can help novice teachers reconsider their literature instruction in an age of mandated curricula and increased pressures to "teach to the test." The guiding questions were as follows: What similarities exist between transacting with a text on the page and aesthetically engaging…

Dickson, Randi; Costigan, Arthur

2011-01-01

15

Primary School Teachers’ Knowledge Regarding Emergency Management of Avulsed Permanent Incisors  

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Full Text Available Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate primary school teachers' knowledge regarding emergency management of avulsed permanent incisors.Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in fifty randomly chosen primary schools from Casablanca, Morocco. All teachers of the selected schools were included in the study. The data were collected by self administered questionnaires. The questions focusedon the teachers' general characteristics, experience of avulsed teeth and the importance of emergency management. The data were analyzed using chi square test.Results: A total of 501 teachers, of which 23.6% were male and 75.4% were female, answered the questionnaire. The results showed that 44.5 % of the teachers had an experience of avulsed tooth at school, 82.82% of them knew the importance of emergency managementand 32.6% would look for a dentist for treatment of the cases. Only 15.8% would reimplant the tooth themselves. Regarding the storage media, 21.95% would keep the avulsed tooth in milk. There was no significant difference between gender and education level (p>0.05.Conclusion: This study shows school teachers' lack of knowledge regarding dental trauma and especially tooth avulsion. Therefore, the results indicated that educational programs are necessary for improvement in their level of knowledge.

B. Touré

2011-09-01

16

Spatio-temporal variation of conversational utterances on Twitter  

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Conversations reflect the existing norms of a language. Previously, we found that utterance lengths in English fictional conversations in books and movies have shortened over a period of 200 years. In this work, we show that this shortening occurs even for a brief period of 3 years (September 2009-December 2012) using 229 million utterances from Twitter. Furthermore, the subset of geographically-tagged tweets from the United States show an inverse proportion between utterance lengths and the state-level percentage of the Black population. We argue that shortening of utterances can be explained by the increasing usage of jargon including coined words.

Alis, Christian M

2013-01-01

17

Spatio-temporal variation of conversational utterances on Twitter.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conversations reflect the existing norms of a language. Previously, we found that utterance lengths in English fictional conversations in books and movies have shortened over a period of 200 years. In this work, we show that this shortening occurs even for a brief period of 3 years (September 2009-December 2012) using 229 million utterances from Twitter. Furthermore, the subset of geographically-tagged tweets from the United States show an inverse proportion between utterance lengths and the state-level percentage of the Black population. We argue that shortening of utterances can be explained by the increasing usage of jargon including coined words. PMID:24204968

Alis, Christian M; Lim, May T

2013-01-01

18

Brunei Teachers’ Perspectives on Questioning: Investigating the Opportunities to “Talk” in Mathematics Lessons  

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Full Text Available A teachers’ practice cannot be characterised by a single lesson, hence comparison is best made with lesson sequences that better sample the diversity of a teacher’s practice. In this study, we video recorded lesson sequences in four Year 8 mathematics classrooms, as well as interviewed each of the four teachers in Brunei Darussalam. Because of our methodology and based on the findings from the richness in the data that was collected, there were some features in the video and interview data that emerged. One of the features is the significant short utterances made by the students as well as their respective teachers, and the extent of the teachers’ own and their students’ questioning behaviours in the lessons as perceived by the teachers themselves during the video-stimulated recall interviews. In the four Brunei classrooms that we studied, most of the lessons were so rushed, the teachers did most of the talking and when teachers and students do interact, it almost always involved faster-paced exchanges between them. Thus, restricting students to single words (“yes” or “no” or short choral responses. Overall, the findings appear to indicate that short utterances implied that there were less (or even no opportunities for fuller student participation in classroom discussions.

Masitah Shahrill

2014-06-01

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Detection and Recognition of Number Sequences in Spoken Utterances  

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In this paper we investigate the detection and recognition of sequences of numbers in spoken utterances. This is done in two steps: first, the entire utterance is decoded assuming that only numbers were spoken. In the second step, non-number segments (garbage) are detected based on word confidence measures. We compare this approach to conventional garbage models. Also, a comparison of several phone posterior based confidence measures is presented in this paper. The work is evaluated in terms ...

Aradilla, Guillermo; Ajmera, Jitendra

2007-01-01

20

Women’s Voice and Religious Utterances in Ancient Greece  

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Full Text Available This paper tackles the issue of women and religion through a particular looking glass: religious utterances such as curses, supplication, and prayer, as reflected in some passages from ancient Greek epic and tragedy—pivotal literary genres in the ideological discourse of the Greek polis.

Manuela Giordano

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Emerging: The Impact of the Artist Teacher Scheme MA on Students' Pedagogical and Artistic Practices  

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The United Kingdom Artist Teacher Scheme (ATS) commissioned a study of the artistic and pedagogical practices of students on a recently established Artist Teacher Scheme MA (ATS MA). The aims of this study were to: investigate the motives and objectives teachers/educators have for undertaking this ATS MA programme, the impact the programme had on…

Page, Tara; Adams, Jeff; Hyde, Wendy

2011-01-01

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"Butterfly under a Pin": An Emergent Teacher Image amid Mandated Curriculum Reform  

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The author examines 1 experienced teacher's image of teaching and how it was purposely changed--through external intervention and against the individual's will--from the view of teacher as curriculum maker to the view of teacher as curriculum implementer. Laura's account of the "butterfly under a pin" image, a version of the…

Craig, Cheryl J.

2012-01-01

23

Emergence of Confucianism from Teachers' Definitions of Guidance and Discipline in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

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Teachers in Hong Kong, as elsewhere, are concerned with students' misbehaviour. In secondary schools two teams of teachers, a guidance team and a discipline team, deal with it. This article examines how teachers make sense of their caring work and strategies for behaviour management. Taking an interactionist perspective, the framework suggested by…

Hue, Ming-Tak

2007-01-01

24

Using Computer Systems as Microswitches for Vocal Utterances of Persons with Multiple Disabilities  

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We assessed the effects of two computer systems used as microswitches for the vocal utterances of an adolescent and a young adult with multiple disabilities. The systems were to respond to three one-syllable utterances of the first participant and nine word-like utterances of the second participant by presenting favorite stimuli linked to those…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Oliva, Doretta; Montironi, Gianluigi; Piazza, Francesco; Ciavattini, Emanuele; Bettarelli, Ferruccio

2004-01-01

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Preparing the Next Generation of Early Childhood Teachers: The Emerging Role of Interprofessional Education and Collaboration in Teacher Education  

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Effective collaboration between early childhood teachers and social workers is now considered critical to providing children with adequate psycho-social supports and services in early childhood settings. In order for this interdisciplinary collaboration to be more effective, opportunities for each discipline to learn about each other's knowledge,…

Anderson, Elizabeth M.

2013-01-01

26

The Effect of Using an Educational Poster on Elementary School Health Teachers’ Knowledge of Emergency Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries  

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational poster on elementary school health teachers’ knowledge about emergency management of traumatic dental injuries. Materials and Methods: Before poster presentation, a questionnaire was distributed to 40 health teachers (30 in the study group and 10 in the control group). One month after poster distribution, the subjects were re-evaluated in both groups using the same questionnaire. Results: The percentage of participating health teachers who answered the questions correctly after poster distribution regarding crown fracture was 93.3% in the test group vs. 60% in controls; for management of luxation and avulsion, the percentages for cases and controls were 63.3% vs. 40% and 100% vs. 60%, respectively. One month after distribution of the educational poster, rate of correct responses increased in management of crown fracture, luxation, and avulsion in the test group, but there was no improvement in controls (P<0.001). Conclusion: Use of an educational poster enhanced the knowledge of health teachers. Use of posters is an effective way to inform teachers of the management of traumatic dental injuries.

Ghadimi, Sara; Seraj, Bahman; Keshavarz, Hooman; Shamshiri, Ahmad Reza; Abiri, Razieh

2014-01-01

27

Religious Foundations of Statements and Attitudes that Signify Ecstatic Utterances  

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Statements and attitudes called ecstatic utterance in mystical language and happened unconsciously in overflowing from the dab of Sufism have been the matter of a lot debates until today. It is difficult to know the true meanings and purposes of such statements, which are not possible both proving and refutation them, for someone else from who tell it. It is believed that these statements have been said in recovery, ecstasy, lost and supremacy; such that since they have outwardly been seemed ...

Necmettin ?eker

2012-01-01

28

Teachers' Emergent Goals in Spreadsheet-Based Lessons: Analyzing the Complexity of Technology Integration  

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We examine teachers' classroom activities with the spreadsheet, focusing especially on episodes marked by improvisation and uncertainty. The framework is based on Saxe's cultural approach to cognitive development. The study considers two teachers, one positively disposed towards classroom use of technology, and the other not, both of them…

Lagrange, Jean-Baptiste; Erdogan, Emel Ozdemir

2009-01-01

29

Emerging Innovative Teacher Education from Situated Cognition in a Web-Based Environment  

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In this paper, the authors first discuss the main rationales of situated cognition and its connections with innovation in teacher education. The challenges that might occur in applying situated cognition in teacher education programs, including insufficient opportunities for cognition apprenticeship, limited social interactions, and constraints in…

Lin, Tzu-Chiang; Hsu, Ying-Shao; Cheng, Yeong-Jing

2011-01-01

30

New Literacies and Emerging Technologies: Perspectives from U.S. and Chinese Middle Level Teachers  

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This study focuses on middle grades teachers from the United States and China, the two countries with the highest Internet use, in an attempt to understand both groups' perspectives on integrating new literacies and technologies into their teaching. Survey and focus group results indicate that, although U.S. and Chinese teachers are operating…

Spires, Hiller A.; Morris, Gwynn; Zhang, Junzheng

2012-01-01

31

How Accurate Can Mothers and Teachers Be regarding Children's Emergent Literacy Development? A Comparison between Mothers with High and Low Education  

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The relationship between mothers' and educators' evaluation of 75 children's emergent literacy levels and actual levels were investigated. Two groups of mothers participated: mothers with a low education and mothers with a high education. The children's emergent literacy was measured. The mothers evaluated their own children and 40 teachers

Korat, Ofra

2009-01-01

32

The role of utterance length and position in 3-year-olds' production of third person singular -s.  

Science.gov (United States)

PURPOSE Evidence from children's spontaneous speech suggests that utterance length and utterance position may help explain why children omit grammatical morphemes in some contexts but not others. This study investigated whether increased utterance length (hence, increased grammatical complexity) adversely affects children's third person singular -s production in more controlled experimental conditions. METHOD An elicited imitation task with 12 Australian English-speaking children ages 2;9 (years;months) to 3;2 (Mage = 2;11) was conducted comparing third person singular -s production in 3-word and 5-word utterances, both utterance medially (e.g., He sits back; He sits back and swings) and utterance finally (e.g., There he sits; That's the way he sits) using a within-subjects design. Children were shown pictorial representations of each utterance on a computer and were invited to repeat 16 pseudorandomized prerecorded utterances. Acoustic analysis determined the presence/absence and duration of the third person singular morpheme. RESULTS Third person singular production was significantly lower utterance medially compared to utterance finally for the 5-word utterances and significantly lower utterance medially in the 5-word compared to 3-word utterances. CONCLUSION These results suggest that increased utterance length results in significantly lower third person singular production, but only in the more articulatorily challenging utterance-medial position. Thus, morpheme omission is greatest at the intersection of grammatical and phonological complexity. PMID:24129015

Mealings, Kiri T; Demuth, Katherine

2014-04-01

33

External signs of internal representations: developments in processing utterances and beliefs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Three factors in Referential Communication are worthy of special consideration: the utterance, the speaker's internal representation, and reality. These relationships form the 'referential triangle' of communication. This thesis explores how children and adults evaluate utterances when all three elements of the referential triangle need to be considered. The main aim was to investigate why utterances might be more difficult to understand than other externalisations of internal representations...

Parsons, Sarah

2000-01-01

34

Understanding the role of the teacher in emerging classroom practices : searching for patterns of participation  

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The relationship between acquisitionism and participationism is a challenge in research on and with teachers. This study uses a patterns-of-participation framework (PoP), which aims to develop coherent and dynamic understandings of teaching as well as to meet the conceptual and methodological problems of other approaches. The paper presents PoP theoretically, but also illustrates its empirical use. It presents a novice teacher, Anna, who often engages with mathematics and with aspects of ‘the reform’ in ways that link well with how she builds relationships with her students and positions herself in her team of teachers. However, in other situations her engagement with mathematics is overshadowed by her involvement in other practices. The study suggests that there is some potential in PoP in spite of methodological difficulties.

Skott, Jeppe

2013-01-01

35

The Dynamics of Emergent Self-Organisation: Reconceptualising Child Development in Teacher Education  

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For more than half a century, child development has endured as one of the main components of teacher education. But if children do develop, as developmentalists claim, what precisely is it that develops and how? Traditionally, within education, answers to these questions have drawn heavily on the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Piaget…

Kim, Minkang; Sankey, Derek

2010-01-01

36

Teaching Mathematical Problem-Solving from an Emergent Constructivist Perspective: The Experiences of Irish Primary Teachers  

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The primary school mathematics curriculum in Ireland is based upon a constructivist philosophy of learning. As constructivism is a theory of learning and not teaching, implementing a constructivist approach in the classroom requires teachers to identify the implications and applications of constructivist philosophy for teaching. In this research,…

O'Shea, John; Leavy, Aisling M.

2013-01-01

37

A Morpheme-based Model of Nonsentential Utterance Production  

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Full Text Available The present study is an attempt to account for non-sentential utterance (NSU production without assuming the existence of a `syntactically full sentence' for every NSU. The model for NSU production that derives from this study has the following four advantages over the popular `constituent-omis-sion' model: It 1 accounts for the production of NSUs that native speakers variably `reconstruct', 2 explains why in certain contexts pro-drop cannot occur in languages that have morphologically marked subject-verb agreement 3 models the production of NSUs without devising separate production processes for `ellipses' and `fragments', and 4 predicts what constituents have to be present in a given NSU. It also keeps the involvement of syntax {in} NSU production to a minimum.

Shinji Ido

2009-01-01

38

Utterance Complexity and Stuttering on Function Words in Preschool-Age Children Who Stutter  

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The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relation between utterance complexity and utterance position and the tendency to stutter on function words in preschool-age children who stutter (CWS). Two separate studies involving two different groups of participants (Study 1, n = 30; Study 2, n = 30) were conducted. Participants were…

Richels, Corrin; Buhr, Anthony; Conture, Edward; Ntourou, Katerina

2010-01-01

39

Effects of Accent and Age on the Transcription of Medically Related Utterances: "A Pilot Study"  

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This pilot study investigated the effect speaker language and participant age had on the transcription of medically related utterances. Utterances were produced by native and nonnative English speakers. Sixty adults across three age groups participated. Measures of total number of words correct indicated participants had significantly higher…

Burda, Angela N.; Casey, Anna M.; Foster, Tonya R.; Pilkington, Anne K.; Reppe, Emily A.

2006-01-01

40

"Are PE Teacher Identities Fit for Postmodern Schools or Are They Clinging to Modernist Notions of Professionalism?" A Case Study of Norwegian PE Teacher Students' Emerging Professional Identities  

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The concept of the "professional teacher" is highly contestable, and the array of definitions that circulate in teacher education draw on competing theoretical and ideological positions. This paper explores what discourses about professionalism are currently available within Norwegian physical education teacher education (PETE) and, in particular,…

Dowling, Fiona

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Targeted versus Mixed Preschools and Kindergartens: Effects of Class Composition and Teacher-Managed Activities on Disadvantaged Children's Emergent Academic Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, longitudinal cohort-sequential latent growth modeling was used to determine the effects of (a) socioeconomically mixed preschool and kindergarten classrooms, (b) the implementation of an education program aiming to accelerate socioeconomically disadvantaged children's emergent academic skills, and (c) the amount of teacher-managed…

de Haan, Annika; Elbers, Ed; Hoofs, Huub; Leseman, Paul

2013-01-01

42

The Role of Utterance Length and Position in 3-Year-Olds' Production of Third Person Singular -s  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Evidence from children's spontaneous speech suggests that utterance length and utterance position may help explain why children omit grammatical morphemes in some contexts but not others. This study investigated whether increased utterance length (hence, increased grammatical complexity) adversely affects children's third person…

Mealings, Kiri T.; Demuth, Katherine

2014-01-01

43

An emerging role of teacher-researchers in Hong Kong through a school-university collaborative research project  

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Teachers’ engagement with research has long been advocated to enhance their professionalism. Yet classroom-based research is still relatively new to teachers in Hong Kong. This study aims at exploring the reasons behind the lack of a teacher-as-researcher ethos in Hong Kong. Teachers from four local primary schools participating in a school-university partnered project to promote collaborative inquiry project-based learning (IPjBL) were interviewed. Teachers from four different subject area...

Siu, Flc; Chow, Kck; Chu, Dsc; Chu, Skw; Tavares, N.; Ho, Sy

2010-01-01

44

Teacher Scaffolding of Oral Language Production  

Science.gov (United States)

This research involved two observational studies. It explored the scaffolding processes as part of classroom pedagogy. The research shed light on the way a teacher's instructional methodology took shape in the classroom. The target event for this study was the time in which a novice learner was engaged publicly in uttering a sentence in Arabic in…

George, May G.

2011-01-01

45

Can They Plan to Teach with Web 2.0? Future Teachers' Potential Use of the Emerging Web  

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This study examined pre-service teachers' potential use of Web 2.0 technologies for teaching. A coding scheme incorporating the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework guided the analysis of pre-service teachers' Web 2.0-enhanced learning activity descriptions. The results indicated that while pre-service teachers

Kale, Ugur

2014-01-01

46

Speech repairs, intonational boundaries and discourse markers: Modeling speakers' utterances in spoken dialog  

Science.gov (United States)

Interactive spoken dialog provides many new challenges for natural language understanding systems. One of the most critical challenges is simply determining the speaker's intended utterances: both segmenting a speaker's turn into utterances and determining the intended words in each utterance. Even assuming perfect word recognition, the latter problem is complicated by the occurrence of speech repairs, which occur where the speaker goes back and changes (or repeats) something she just said. The words that are replaced or repeated are no longer part of the intended utterance, and so need to be identified. The two problems of segmenting the turn into utterances and resolving speech repairs are strongly intertwined with a third problem: identifying discourse markers. Lexical items that can function as discourse markers, such as 'well' and 'okay,' are ambiguous as to whether they are introducing an utterance unit, signaling a speech repair, or are simply part of the context of an utterance, as in 'that's okay.' Spoken dialog systems need to address these three issues together and early on in the processing stream. In fact, just as these three issues are closely intertwined with each other, they are also intertwined with identifying the syntactic role or part-of-speech (POS) of each word and the speech recognition problem of predicting the next word given the previous words. In this thesis, we present a statistical language model for resolving these issues. Rather than finding the best word interpretation for an acoustic signal, we redefine the speech recognition problem to so that it also identifies the POS tags, discourse markers, speech repairs and intonational phrase endings (a major cue in determining utterance units). Adding these extra elements to the speech recognition problem actually allows it to better predict the words involved, since we are able to make use of the predictions of boundary tones, discourse markers and speech repairs to better account for what word will occur next. Furthermore, we can take advantage of acoustic information, such as silence information, which tends to co-occur with speech repairs and intonational phrase endings, that current language models can only regard as noise in the acoustic signal. The output of this language model is a much fuller account of the speaker's turn, with part-of-speech assigned to each word, intonation phrase endings and discourse markers identified, and speech repairs detected and corrected. In fact, the identification of the intonational phrase endings, discourse markers, and resolution of the speech repairs allows the speech recognizer to model the speaker's utterances, rather than simply the words involved, and thus it can return a more meaningful analysis of the speaker's turn for later processing.

Heeman, Peter Anthony

47

Frame-by-frame language identification in short utterances using deep neural networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This work addresses the use of deep neural networks (DNNs) in automatic language identification (LID) focused on short test utterances. Motivated by their recent success in acoustic modelling for speech recognition, we adapt DNNs to the problem of identifying the language in a given utterance from the short-term acoustic features. We show how DNNs are particularly suitable to perform LID in real-time applications, due to their capacity to emit a language identification posterior at each new frame of the test utterance. We then analyse different aspects of the system, such as the amount of required training data, the number of hidden layers, the relevance of contextual information and the effect of the test utterance duration. Finally, we propose several methods to combine frame-by-frame posteriors. Experiments are conducted on two different datasets: the public NIST Language Recognition Evaluation 2009 (3 s task) and a much larger corpus (of 5 million utterances) known as Google 5M LID, obtained from different Google Services. Reported results show relative improvements of DNNs versus the i-vector system of 40% in LRE09 3 second task and 76% in Google 5M LID. PMID:25242129

Gonzalez-Dominguez, Javier; Lopez-Moreno, Ignacio; Moreno, Pedro J; Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Joaquin

2014-09-01

48

Effect Evaluation of Utterance Length on Speech Dysfluency in Stuttering and Nonstuttering Persian-Speaker Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: The correlation of stuttering and different linguistic factors is assessed in many studies. The obtained results can pave the way to reach a better understanding of stuttering, as well as finding more appropriate treatments. This study investigates the effect of utterance length on speech dysfluency comparing stuttering Persian(Farsi -speaking children and nonstuttering ones.Methods: Ten stuttering and ten nonstuttering Persian-speaking children between 4 and 6 years of age, matched by age and gender where included in this cross-sectional study. All individuals were investigated by ten sets of simple and complex sentences. Morphemes were added one by one to sentences in each set in order to assess the impact of utterance length on dysfluency. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: In practicing ten sets of sentences, the speech dysfluency shows significant enhance with increase of utterance length in both stuttering and nonstuttering children (p=0.001. Furthermore, while comparing two groups of simple and complex sentences, significant increase of speech dysfluency was observed by length enhance of utterance, in both stuttering and nonstuttering children (p<0.05. The comparison of stuttering and nonstuttering children showed significant difference between the two groups as well (p=0.001. Conclusions: The results of this study show that increase in utterance length in both simple and complex sentences lead to increase in dysfluency in stuttering and nonstuttering children. Stuttering children indicated more dysfluency than nonstuttering ones.

Fateme Haresabadi

2011-06-01

49

Chinese Secondary School Science Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science--Emerging from Their Views of Nature  

Science.gov (United States)

The findings reported in this paper report on an investigation of Chinese people's understanding of the nature of science in relation to their conceptualisations of Nature. As an exploratory and interpretive study, it uses semi-structured interviews with 25 Chinese secondary school science teachers. The paper first presents these teachers'…

Ma, Hongming

2009-01-01

50

Sensitizing questions: a method to facilitate analyzing the meaning of an utterance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much social science research entails interpreting the meaning of utterances, that is, phrases spoken, written or gestured. But how should researchers interpret the meaning of such utterances? A recent surge of research, informed by dialogism, emphasizes the contextual, social and unfinished nature of meaning. The present article operationalizes dialogism theory into six 'sensitizing questions' which can guide analysis. The questions are: (1) What is the context? (2) What is the speaker doing? (3) Who is being addressed? (4) Who is doing the talking? (5) What future is constituted? (6) What are the responses? Each question (and 16 sub-questions) is illustrated by analyzing the potential meanings of a single utterance. The article is a contribution to the development of new forms of 'method' for interpretative qualitative research. These methods aid the 'human instrument' to become a sensitive, theoretically-informed, and accountable analyst. PMID:24763935

Gillespie, Alex; Cornish, Flora

2014-12-01

51

Personalization: An emerging direction for tackling the web searching barriers faced by teachers when searching for educational resources  

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Full Text Available This paper reviews the efficiency of web searching by teachers in the 21st century. The aim of this paper is to highlight web personalization as a perceived solution to the many barriers faced by web users and in particular the teachers in their educational web searching. Hence, research on searching requirements and problems of web users as well as the practical use of some educational search engines will be discussed. To make web searching easier for all teachers and in particular those in the UK, researchers are recommended to explore future information requirements and the search behaviors of teachers. This should enable individual teachers to personalize their search for finding online teaching resources and also the researchers, to design and develop a model of a relevant educational software design.

Faezeh Seyedarabi

2011-12-01

52

Mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes in speech of two Farsi-speaking children  

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Full Text Available Background: Children usually produce their first words when they are 10-15 months old and go through simple to complex speech by passing some stages. One of the criteria for examining development of children's language is mean length of utterance (MLU. The main purpose of this study was calculating mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes used by Farsi-speaking children during their 12-60th months of life.Case: It was a longitudinal descriptive study. Every month during children's 12 to 60th months of life, 120-minute spontaneous speech samples of two children in kindergarten were videotaped and transcribed. The girl said her first word at the age of 12, and the boy said his first word at the age of 16 months. Combining words and constructing two-word utterances started at 18 and 20th months of the girl's and the boy's lives respectively. First grammatical morpheme appeared before the 24th month of children's lives and when mean length of utterance was lower than 2 morphemes. Singular verb suffixes were acquired sooner than the plural ones. Both children started using six subject identifiers of Farsi language before 36th month of their lives.Conclusion: The speech development in Farsi-speaking children follows the same pattern as other children, starting from one-word utterances and complicates gradually by increasing the number of words, word combinations and using grammatical morphemes. The important point is that Farsi-speaking children started to use grammatical morphemes when their mean length of utterance was lower than two morphemes.

Jamshid Purqarib

2012-06-01

53

Mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes in speech of two Farsi-speaking children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Children usually produce their first words when they are 10-15 months old and go through simple to complex speech by passing some stages. One of the criteria for examining development of children's language is mean length of utterance (MLU). The main purpose of this study was calculating mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes used by Farsi-speaking children during their 12-60th months of life.Case: It was a longitudinal descriptive study. Every month during children's ...

Jamshid Purqarib; Mona Ebrahimipur; Nahid Jalilevand

2012-01-01

54

Personalization: An emerging direction for tackling the web searching barriers faced by teachers when searching for educational resources  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews the efficiency of web searching by teachers in the 21st century. The aim of this paper is to highlight web personalization as a perceived solution to the many barriers faced by web users and in particular the teachers in their educational web searching. Hence, research on searching requirements and problems of web users as well as the practical use of some educational search engines will be discussed. To make web searching easier for all teachers and in particular those in ...

Faezeh Seyedarabi

2011-01-01

55

Mean Length of Utterance Levels in 6-Month Intervals for Children 3 to 9 Years with and without Language Impairments  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The mean length of children's utterances is a valuable estimate of their early language acquisition. The available normative data lack documentation of language and nonverbal intelligence levels of the samples. This study reports age-referenced mean length of utterance (MLU) data from children with specific language impairment (SLI) and…

Rice, Mabel L.; Smolik, Filip; Perpich, Denise; Thompson, Travis; Rytting, Nathan; Blossom, Megan

2010-01-01

56

Children's Ambiguous Utterances: A Re-examination of Processing Limitations on Production.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated the relationship between children's failures to produce unambiguous utterances and the mental effort demands in children (ages five, six, seven, and nine years), using finger-tapping and message production tasks, separately and simultaneously. Findings suggest that the relative effort requirements of communication decrease with…

Surian, Luca

1995-01-01

57

Translating Change into Improved Practice: Analysis of Teachers' Attempts to Generate a New Emerging Pedagogy in Scotland  

Science.gov (United States)

In Scotland, substantial changes in the management of education at national, local authority and school/community levels are afoot. Central to future improvements are how teachers translate curriculum guidelines, with an increased focus on health and wellbeing and holistic learning experiences, into constructivist inclined pedagogical practices.…

Thorburn, Malcolm; Carse, Nicola; Jess, Mike; Atencio, Matthew

2011-01-01

58

ICT in Teacher Education in an Emerging Developing Country: Vietnam's Baseline Situation at the Start of "The Year of ICT"  

Science.gov (United States)

In many developing countries, integration of ICT is a key component of an educational reform agenda. These countries can draw on a tradition of research in the developed world on factors determining integration of ICT in education. In this tradition, this study investigates the current situation of ICT integration in teacher education in Vietnam,…

Peeraer, Jef; Van Petegem, Peter

2011-01-01

59

Pragmatic vs. Grammatical Mode: Utterance Internal Hierarchy (UIH) in Hebrew and beyond  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

I show (a) the correlations between intonation, prosody and pragmatic constituent order as far as UIH is concerned, and the iconic link between them; (b) that those factors and their linguistic expressions override and determine grammatical forms and roles, not the other way round; (c) that the relative importance attributed to each part of the utterance, as well as its communicative and expressive values, depend first and foremost on the speakers intention, idiosyncrasy, state of mind, conte...

Kirtchuk, Pablo

2011-01-01

60

On procedural discoursivation - or how local utterances are turned into binding facts  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article deals with a fundamental mechanism here referred to as 'discoursivation' meaning the transformation of local utterances into available and binding discursive facts. Discoursivation, it is claimed, lies at the heart of (legal) discourse formation since it provides the basic material for all the operations to follow such as defining, assessing, and deciding. The basic mechanism is explored in light of two models: Luhmann's "procedural past" and Foucault's "field of presence". Do the...

Scheffer, Thomas

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Effect Evaluation of Utterance Length on Speech Dysfluency in Stuttering and Nonstuttering Persian-Speaker Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Aim: The correlation of stuttering and different linguistic factors is assessed in many studies. The obtained results can pave the way to reach a better understanding of stuttering, as well as finding more appropriate treatments. This study investigates the effect of utterance length on speech dysfluency comparing stuttering Persian(Farsi) -speaking children and nonstuttering ones.Methods: Ten stuttering and ten nonstuttering Persian-speaking children between 4 and 6 years of a...

Fateme Haresabadi; Sheyda Pulad; Dr. Behrouz Mahmoudi Bakhtiyari; Dr. Mohammad Kamali

2011-01-01

62

Developing and Rewarding Excellent Teachers: The Scottish Chartered Teacher Scheme  

Science.gov (United States)

The Scottish Chartered Teacher Scheme was designed to recognise and reward teachers who attained high standards of practice. The scheme emerged in 2001 as part of an agreement between government, local employing authorities and teacher organisations. Policies such as the chartered teacher scheme aim to benefit students in two main ways: by…

Ingvarson, Lawrence

2009-01-01

63

Reflections about the Voices Contributing to the Constitution of the Literacy Teacher’s Professional Subjectivity  

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Full Text Available The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by filming the activities carried out in an extension course, edited and then analyzed based on Bakhtinian concepts of language and dialogism. The utterances reveal their teaching beliefs and uncertainties about the appropriate literacy methods, learned in a fragmented and superficial way. It is through the process of understanding a language concept as interlocution, focusing on the subject and his/her history, that the literacy teacher may surpass fads and strengthens himself/herself as the individual responsible for the critical appropriation of reading and writing as taught in school.

Maria Lidia Sica Szymanski

2013-06-01

64

Globalization, Children's Study Abroad, and Transnationalism as an Emerging Context for Language Learning: A New Task for Language Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Amidst emerging trends in transnational migration via globalization, an increasing number of families have gone abroad to help their school-aged children and youth gain international education credentials and provide them an opportunity to acquire English as a global language as early as possible. This early study abroad before college (ESA) has…

Song, Juyoung

2011-01-01

65

Reflections about the Voices Contributing to the Constitution of the Literacy Teacher’s Professional Subjectivity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by filming the activities ca...

Maria Lidia Sica Szymanski; Ivete Janice de Oliveira Brotto

2013-01-01

66

Thinking soap But Speaking ‘oaps’. The Sound Preparation Period: Backward Calculation From Utterance to Muscle Innervation  

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Full Text Available

In this article’s model—on speech and on speech errors, dyscoordinations, and disorders—, the time-course from the muscle innervation impetuses to the utterance of sounds as intended for canonical speech sound sequences is calculated backward. This time-course is shown as the sum of all the known physiological durations of speech sounds and speech gestures that are necessary to produce an utterance. The model introduces two internal clocks, based on positive or negative factors, representing certain physiologically-based time-courses during the sound preparation period (Lautvorspann. The use of these internal clocks show that speech gestures—like other motor activities—work according to a simple serialization principle: Under non-default conditions,
alterations of the time-courses may cause speech errors of sound serialization, dyscoordinations of sounds as observed during first language acquisition, or speech disorders as pathological cases. These alterations of the time-course are modelled by varying the two internal-clock factors. The calculation of time-courses uses as default values the sound durations of the context-dependent Munich PHONDAT Database of Spoken German (see Appendix 4. As a new, human approach, this calculation agrees mathematically with the approach of Linear Programming / Operations Research. This work gives strong support to the fairly old suspicion (of 1908 of the famous Austrian speech error scientist Meringer [15], namely that one mostly thinks and articulates in a different serialization than is audible from one’s uttered sound sequences.

Nora Wiedenmann

2010-04-01

67

An emerging research ethos 1998–2004 : a case study from a merger in teacher education in Iceland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this case study is to identify factors that influenced the research cul-ture and the emerging research ethos in the Iceland University of Education (IUE) during the years 1998–2004. The IUE was formed in 1998 when four organizations merged, only one of which had staff with a salaried responsibility for research prior to the merger. The study analyses published documents, as well as summaries of research activity and other information, collected between 1998–2004, in order to de...

Allyson Macdonald 1952

2013-01-01

68

Proceedings of the eleventh national convention of chemistry teachers and national seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protection to ecology and biodiversities is a challenge before us. Environment friendly chemistry is a need of the time, which will certainly reduce or eliminate hazardous elements of the environment. The seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry will pave a way that will lead to extensive use of green chemistry concept. The brain storming session of the seminar shall have a impact on research and development in this area. The souvenir certainly reflects the novel ideas in the area. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately

69

‘Are PE teacher identities fit for postmodern schools or are they clinging to modernist notions of professionalism?’:a case study of Norwegian PE teacher students’ emerging professional identities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The concept of the ‘professional teacher’ is highly contestable, and the array of definitions that circulate in teacher education draw on competing theoretical and ideological positions. This paper explores what discourses about professionalism are currently available within Norwegian physical education teacher education (PETE) and, in particular, asks whether they reflect the needs of postmodern teachers in a ‘knowledge society’? It acknowledges that there are currently two dominant ...

Dowling, Fiona

2011-01-01

70

Giving the Spoon Back: Higher Teacher Expectations of Achievement for Students Who Are Deaf  

Science.gov (United States)

This single case study examined a Deaf teacher's behaviors and beliefs that reflect her expectations of her deaf students. Primary modes of communication used were American Sign Language and written English. Data were collected via videotaped observations and interviews. Analysis was done by coding utterances of the participants using a deductive…

Smith, David H.

2008-01-01

71

Social Responsibility of Management Teacher – Beyond Teaching -  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the emerging world, responsibilities of a teacher have increased many folds. From being a person that just imparts bookish knowledge, a teacher now has the power to shape a better world. So, perhaps it’s time to understand the emerging teacher’s roles in irrespective of the subjects and levels of education. This article critically posits the responsibility of management teacher and also highlights on role beyond class room in Indian context of management education. The authors urge tha...

Barman, Arup

2012-01-01

72

Does Teacher Education Produce Better Special Education Teachers?  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty traditionally licensed first-year teachers and 20 first-year teachers with emergency provisional licensure were observed and evaluated by an experienced supervisor, unaware of licensure status, using a teacher rating scale with three subscales, based on a framework for teaching developed by Danielson (1996). The subscales included planning…

Nougaret, Andre A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

2005-01-01

73

Speech Repairs, Intonational Boundaries and Discourse Markers Modeling Speakers' Utterances in Spoken Dialog  

CERN Document Server

In this thesis, we present a statistical language model for resolving speech repairs, intonational boundaries and discourse markers. Rather than finding the best word interpretation for an acoustic signal, we redefine the speech recognition problem to so that it also identifies the POS tags, discourse markers, speech repairs and intonational phrase endings (a major cue in determining utterance units). Adding these extra elements to the speech recognition problem actually allows it to better predict the words involved, since we are able to make use of the predictions of boundary tones, discourse markers and speech repairs to better account for what word will occur next. Furthermore, we can take advantage of acoustic information, such as silence information, which tends to co-occur with speech repairs and intonational phrase endings, that current language models can only regard as noise in the acoustic signal. The output of this language model is a much fuller account of the speaker's turn, with part-of-speech ...

Heeman, P A

1999-01-01

74

Japanese mothers’ utterances about agents and actions during joint picture-book reading  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study extended the research on the scaffolding provided by mothers while reading picture books with their children from a focus on conversational styles related to labeling to a focus on those related to agents and actions to clarify the process by which language develops from the one-word to the syntactic stage. We clarified whether mothers decreased the degree of scaffolding in their initiation of conversations, in the responses to their children’s utterances, and in the choice of referential ranges of their utterances. We also investigated whether maternal conversational styles contributed to the development of their children’s vocabularies. Eighteen pairs of Japanese mothers and their children were longitudinally observed when the children were 20 and 27 months of age. The pairs were given a picture book depicting 24 animals engaged in everyday behavior. The mothers shifted their approach in the initiation of conversation from providing to requesting information as a function of their children’s age. The proportion of maternal elaborative information-seeking responses was positively correlated with the size of their children’s productive vocabulary. In terms of referential choices, mothers broadened the range of their references as their children aged. In terms of the contribution of maternal conversational styles to children’s vocabulary development, the use of a maternal elaborative information-seeking style when the children were 20 months of age predicted the size of the children’s productive vocabulary at 27 months. These results indicate that mothers decrease the degree of scaffolding by introducing more complex information into the conversations and transferring the role of actively producing information to their children by requesting information as their children develop. The results also indicate that these conversational styles promote the development of children’s vocabularies during the transition from the one-word to the syntactic stage.

ToshikiMURASE

2014-05-01

75

Construction of Graphic Symbol Utterances by Children, Teenagers, and Adults: The Effect of Structure and Task Demands  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This study investigated the impact of syntactic complexity and task demands on construction of utterances using picture communication symbols by participants from 3 age groups with no communication disorders. Method: Participants were 30 children (7;0 [years;months] to 8;11), 30 teenagers (12;0 to 13;11), and 30 adults (18 years and…

Trudeau, Natacha; Sutton, Ann; Dagenais, Emmanuelle; de Broeck, Sophie; Morford, Jill

2007-01-01

76

META-LINGUISTIC UTTERANCES AS THE SOURCE OF DATA: THE ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN GERMANS LANGUAGE SYSTEM IN SIBERIA  

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Full Text Available The present article summarizes the results of the fieldwork of the Russian Germans dialects of the Tomsk Region and sets two main goals: it asserts that metalinguistic utterances of Russian Germans can be used for dialectical studies as a source of data; on the other hand it reveals its potential as a source for description of dialects in Siberia.

Alexandrov Oleg Anatolievich

2012-09-01

77

Extending the Evaluation of a Computer System Used as a Microswitch for Word Utterances of Persons with Multiple Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Microswitches can be vital tools to help individuals with extensive multiple disabilities acquire control of environmental stimulation. This study was aimed at extending the evaluation of a computer system used as a microswitch for word utterances with three participants with multiple disabilities. Method: Sets of 7 or 12 word…

Lancioni, G. E.; O'Reilly, M. F.; Singh, N. N.; Sigafoos, J.; Oliva, D.; Montironi, G.; Savino, M.; Bosco, A.

2005-01-01

78

Coding of intonational meanings beyond F0 : evidence from utterance-final /t/ aspiration in German  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

An acoustic analysis of a German read-speech corpus showed that utterance-final /t/ aspirations differ systematically depending on the accompanying nuclear accent contour. Two contours were included: Terminal-falling early and late F0 peaks in terms of the Kiel Intonation Model. They correspond to H+L*L-% and L*+HL-% within the autosegmental metrical (AM) model. Aspirations in early-peak contexts were characterized by (a) "short", (b) "high-intensity" noise with (c) "low" frequency values for the spectral energy maximum above the lower spectral energy boundary. The opposite holds for aspirations accompanying late-peak productions. Starting from the acoustic analysis, a perception experiment was performed using a variant of the semantic differential paradigm. The stimuli were varied in the duration and intensity pattern as well as the spectral energy pattern of the final /t/ aspiration. Results revealed that the different noise patterns found in connection with early and late peak productions were able to change the attitudinal meaning of the stimuli toward the meaning profile of the respective F0 peak category. This suggests that final aspirations can be part of the coding of meanings, so far solely associated with intonation contours. Hence, the traditionally separated segmental and suprasegmental coding levels seem to be more intertwined than previously thought.

Niebuhr, Oliver

2008-01-01

79

Interdito e silêncio: análise de alguns enunciados / Interdiction and silence: analysis of some utterances  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho - situado no campo da Análise do Discurso de Pêcheux (AD), numa interface com a psicanálise - trata o interdito e o silêncio como constitutivos e fundadores do discurso. A lógica subjacente é a lógica lacaniana segundo a qual o excluído ou a contradição funda o possível. Para tal [...] tarefa usamos as quatro modalidades da lógica alética aristotélica e tratamos o quadrado lógico. Propomos e construímos um quadrado do dito e da enunciação. As análises de alguns enunciados indicam a presença do impossível na linguagem, e atestam a importância, bem como a pertinência, de um tratamento modal da linguagem. Abstract in english Within the field of Discourse Analysis (Pêcheux) and psychoanalysis, this work states interdiction and silence as constituents and founders of the discourse. In short, we claim that what makes it possible to say anything is that it is not possible to say it all, so something must remain unsaid. The [...] logic principle here is that the contradiction, the excluded founds the possible. For such task we use the logic square. We also propose and build a square of the saying or of the utterances. The analysis made here points toward the existence of the impossible in language, and also indicates how important a modal approach of language can be.

Fabio Elias Verdiani, Tfouni.

2013-06-01

80

Semi-Supervised learning of utterances using hidden vector state language model  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spoken dialogue system has an uncertain parameter during the speech recognition which controls its performance that vary for the different users as well as for the same user during multiple repetitions of even the same dialogue. This paper discusses how recognition errors in the users utterances can be handled by making use of semi-supervised learning techniques over the hidden vector state (HVS model. The HVS Model is an extension of basic Markov model in which the context is encoded in each state as a vector. The state transitions in the HVS are factored into a stack shift operation similar to the push-down automaton. HVS-Model being a statistical model requires lot of labeled training data which is practically difficult. In this paper we present how classification and expectation-maximization semi-supervised learning approaches can be trained on both labeled and unlabelled corpora for handling the uncertainty by the user as well as the recognition errors by speech recognition system. The experimental results show that the proposed framework using the HVS model can improve the performance of the dialogue management of the spoken dialogue system when compared with the baseline model.

Manzoor Ahmad Chachoo

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
81

Acoustic-phonetic differences between infant- and adult-directed speech: the role of stress and utterance position.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have shown that infant-directed speech (IDS) differs from adult-directed speech (ADS) on a variety of dimensions. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether acoustic differences between IDS and ADS in English are modulated by prosodic structure. We compared vowels across the two registers (IDS, ADS) in both stressed and unstressed syllables, and in both utterance-medial and -final positions. Vowels in target bisyllabic trochees in the speech of twenty mothers of 4- and 11-month-olds were analyzed. While stressed and unstressed vowels differed between IDS and ADS for a measure of F0, and trended in similar directions for vowel peripherality, neither set differed in duration. These profiles held for both utterance-medial and -final words. PMID:25158975

Wang, Yuanyuan; Seidl, Amanda; Cristia, Alejandrina

2014-08-27

82

Oscillatory brain responses to own names uttered by unfamiliar and familiar voices  

Science.gov (United States)

Among auditory stimuli, the own name is one of the most powerful and it is able to automatically capture attention and elicit a robust electrophysiological response. The subject’s own name (SON) is preferentially processed in the right hemisphere, mainly because of its self-relevance and emotional content, together with other personally relevant information such as the voice of a familiar person. Whether emotional and self-relevant information are able to attract attention and can be, in future, introduced in clinical studies remains unclear. In the present study we used EEG and asked participants to count a target name (active condition) or to just listen to the SON or other unfamiliar names uttered by a familiar or unfamiliar voice (passive condition). Data reveals that the target name elicits a strong alpha event related desynchronization with respect to non-target names and triggers in addition a left lateralized theta synchronization as well as delta synchronization. In the passive condition alpha desynchronization was observed for familiar voice and SON stimuli in the right hemisphere. Altogether we speculate that participants engage additional attentional resources when counting a target name or when listening to personally relevant stimuli which is indexed by alpha desynchronization whereas left lateralized theta synchronization may be related to verbal working memory load. After validating the present protocol in healthy volunteers it is suggested to move one step further and apply the protocol to patients with disorders of consciousness in which the degree of residual cognitive processing and self-awareness is still insufficiently understood. PMID:25307136

del Giudice, Renata; Lechinger, Julia; Wislowska, Malgorzata; Heib, Dominik P.J.; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin; Schabus, Manuel

2014-01-01

83

Oscillatory brain responses to own names uttered by unfamiliar and familiar voices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Among auditory stimuli, the own name is one of the most powerful and it is able to automatically capture attention and elicit a robust electrophysiological response. The subject's own name (SON) is preferentially processed in the right hemisphere, mainly because of its self-relevance and emotional content, together with other personally relevant information such as the voice of a familiar person. Whether emotional and self-relevant information are able to attract attention and can be, in future, introduced in clinical studies remains unclear. In the present study we used EEG and asked participants to count a target name (active condition) or to just listen to the SON or other unfamiliar names uttered by a familiar or unfamiliar voice (passive condition). Data reveals that the target name elicits a strong alpha event related desynchronization with respect to non-target names and triggers in addition a left lateralized theta synchronization as well as delta synchronization. In the passive condition alpha desynchronization was observed for familiar voice and SON stimuli in the right hemisphere. Altogether we speculate that participants engage additional attentional resources when counting a target name or when listening to personally relevant stimuli which is indexed by alpha desynchronization whereas left lateralized theta synchronization may be related to verbal working memory load. After validating the present protocol in healthy volunteers it is suggested to move one step further and apply the protocol to patients with disorders of consciousness in which the degree of residual cognitive processing and self-awareness is still insufficiently understood. PMID:25307136

del Giudice, Renata; Lechinger, Julia; Wislowska, Malgorzata; Heib, Dominik P J; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin; Schabus, Manuel

2014-12-01

84

On the Consequences of the Marketisation of Public Education in Sweden: For-Profit Charter Schools and the Emergence of the "Market-Oriented Teacher"  

Science.gov (United States)

The entrance of for-profit charter schools into the public educational system is one of the most recent manifestations of market-based reforms in public education. Previous studies raise concerns over the marketisation of education and suggest that market reforms clearly change teacher attitudes and behaviour. Taking a public administration…

Fredriksson, Anders

2009-01-01

85

Sexuality Education: Analysis of Moroccan Teachers' and Future Teachers' Conceptions  

Science.gov (United States)

Conceptions are analyzed as being the emergences from interactions between three poles:scientific knowledge (K), values (V) and social practices (P). The teachers' beliefs and values have a direct influence on the way of understanding and teaching a topic. These beliefs must be taken into account in the content and strategies of the teacher's…

Sabah, Selmaoui; Boujemaa, Agorram; Salah-Eddine, Khzami; Taoufik, EL Abboudi; Dominique, Berger

2010-01-01

86

Emergency procedures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The following subjects are discussed - Emergency Procedures: emergency equipment, emergency procedures; emergency procedure involving X-Ray equipment; emergency procedure involving radioactive sources

87

Metaphor and the 'Emergent Property' Problem: A Relevance-Theoretic Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The interpretation of metaphorical utterances often results in the attribution of emergent properties; these are properties which are neither standardly associated with the individual constituents of the utterance in isolation nor derivable by standard rules of semantic composition. For example, an utterance of ‘Robert is a bulldozer’ may be understood as attributing to Robert such properties as single-mindedness, insistence on having things done in his way, and insensitivity to the opinions/feelings of others, although none of these is included in the encyclopaedic information associated with bulldozers (earth-clearing machines. An adequate pragmatic account of metaphor interpretation must provide an explanation of the processes through which emergent properties are derived. In this paper, we attempt to develop an explicit account of the derivation process couched within the framework of relevance theory. The key features of our account are: (a metaphorical language use is taken to lie on a continuum with other cases of loose use, including hyperbole; (b metaphor interpretation is a wholly inferential process, which does not require associative mappings from one domain (e.g. machines to another (e.g. human beings; (c the derivation of emergent properties involves no special interpretive mechanisms not required for the interpretation of ordinary, literal utterances.

Robyn Carston

2008-08-01

88

Distributed but Undefined: New Teacher Leader Roles to Change Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines teacher leader role development and definition by looking at one emergent model of distributed leadership: the hybrid teacher leader (HTL). HTLs are teachers whose official schedule includes both teaching K-12 students and leading teachers in some capacity. Participants included six HTLs across four school districts over 2…

Margolis, Jason; Huggins, Kristin Shawn

2012-01-01

89

On the implicational/non-implicational semantics of adjectives and adverbs occurring in an utterance which contains the information 'more than'  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper considers Serbian adjectives and adverbs denoting qualification property Z in cases when they occur in an utterance of the type ’X is more Z than Y’. The author’s analysis makes it evident that, depending on the lexical meaning of the given adjective / adverb, Z either does, or does not imply that both the X and Y entities are qualified by it. She shows moreover how, by introducing the word još into his utterance, the speaker succeeds to attribute the property Z to both X an...

Ivi? Milka

2007-01-01

90

Efeitos metafóricos e graus de presença da enunciação no enunciado / Utterance's metaphorical effects and presence degrees in a sentence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo assume como referencial teórico os postulados da Semiótica Discursiva, mormente na sua versão Tensiva (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), que concebe o discurso como um campo de presença dotado de um centro sensível e de horizontes a partir dos quais as grandezas semióticas [...] são moduladas em termos de presença e ausência, ou seja, um campo no qual as grandezas se tonificam ou se atonizam em relação a uma instância de natureza proprioceptiva. Nosso objetivo é analisar três notas jornalísticas com o propósito de acompanhar as modulações da presença da enunciação no enunciado. Supomos inicialmente que estas modulações promovem a tensão entre isotopias concorrentes, repercutem no grau de sua profundidade e, nestas notas, especificamente, geram um efeito metafórico graduável em termos de modo de existência semiótica. Os exemplos analisados mostram a necessidade de adotar um tratamento mais complexo para as relações entre enunciação e enunciado, sobretudo se quisermos levar em consideração a tensão entre estas duas instâncias, sempre regulada pelos modos de existência semiótica. Abstract in english This paper's theoretical framework concerns the Discourse Semiotics' assumptions, primarily its Tensive version (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), which conceives the discourse as a field of presence, endowed with a sensitive core and horizons from which semiotic magnitudes are modula [...] ted in terms of presence and absence, i.e. a field in which magnitudes become tonic or atony regarding a proprioceptive nature instance. Our goal is to analyze three newspaper notes in order to monitor utterance presence modulations in a sentence. This study initially assumes that those modulations promote tension between co-occurring isotopies, impact their degree of depth, and specifically in these notes, they cause a gradable metaphoric effect in terms of semiotic existence mode. Examples analyzed here show the need for adopting a more complex treatment for relationships between utterance and sentence, mainly if one desires to consider the tension between both instances - always governed by semiotic existence modes.

José Américo Bezerra, Saraiva; Ricardo Lopes, Leite.

91

"Everybody Is Their Own Island": Teacher Disconnection in a Virtual School  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual schooling is a recent phenomenon in K-12 online learning. As such, the roles of the online teachers are emerging and differ from those of the traditional classroom teacher. Using qualitative interviews of eight virtual high school teachers, this study explored teachers' perceptions of their online teaching role. Teachers expressed a sense…

Hawkins, Abigail; Graham, Charles R.; Barbour, Michael K.

2012-01-01

92

Mean Length of Utterance in Children with Specific Language Impairment and in Younger Control Children Shows Concurrent Validity and Stable and Parallel Growth Trajectories  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Although mean length of utterance (MLU) is a useful benchmark in studies of children with specific language impairment (SLI), some empirical and interpretive issues are unresolved. The authors report on 2 studies examining, respectively, the concurrent validity and temporal stability of MLU equivalency between children with SLI and…

Rice, Mabel L.; Redmond, Sean M.; Hoffman, Lesa

2006-01-01

93

Narratives, choices, alienation, and identity: learning from an elementary science teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

As we contemplate on teacher identity research, there is a need to place a teacher's narratives or story-lines at the center of that work. In this forum, in response to the insightful commentary from Stephen Ritchie and Maria Iñez Mafra Goulart and Eduardo Soares, I place a greater emphasis on understanding Daisy's narratives from an existing social identity framework. Narratives tell us intricate and complex actions that a teacher has taken both personally and professionally. Additionally, narratives help us see implicit nature of identity explicitly. Therefore, a greater focus has to be placed on interactions and utterances of a teacher to make sense of who they are and what they do as expressed by their own words (identity and action). Finally, I join with Ritchie and Goulart and Soares to advocate that identity research needs to include participants as co-researchers and co-authors as identities are very personal and complex to be fully understood by the outsiders (researchers).

Upadhyay, Bhaskar

2009-09-01

94

At the edge of intonation : the interplay of utterance-final F0 movements and voiceless fricative sounds  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper is concerned with the 'edge of intonation' in a twofold sense. It focuses on utterance-final F0 movements and crosses the traditional segment-prosody divide by investigating the interplay of F0 and voiceless fricatives in speech production. An experiment was performed for German with four types of voiceless fricatives: /f/, /s/, /?/ and /x/. They were elicited with scripted dialogues in the contexts of terminal falling statement and high rising question intonations. Acoustic analyses show that fricatives concluding the high rising question intonations had higher mean centres of gravity (CoGs), larger CoG ranges and higher noise energy levels than fricatives concluding the terminal falling statement intonations. The different spectral-energy patterns are suitable to induce percepts of a high 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the questions and of a low 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the statements. The results are discussed with regard to the possible existence of 'segmental intonation' and its implication for F0 truncation and the segment-prosody dichotomy, in which segments are the alleged troublemakers for the production and perception of intonation.

Niebuhr, Oliver

2012-01-01

95

Contributos para uma análise semântico-pragmática das causais de enunciação no Português Europeu contemporâneo / Utterance causal clauses in contemporary European Portuguese: some contributions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar as orações causais de enunciação num quadro teórico que postula a existência, no discurso, de distintos domínios da significação - domínio do conteúdo, domínio epistémico e domínio ilocutório-, na convicção de que uma análise semântica destas construções pode [...] rá contribuir para iluminar o seu comportamento sintático peculiar, que tanta controvérsia tem gerado. Defende-se, neste estudo, que as orações causais de enunciação expressam a relação discursiva de Justificação, que envolve sempre a articulação de dois atos ilocutórios, um deles com o estatuto de ato principal, o outro com o estatuto de ato subordinado. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e asserções e argumenta-se a favor da inseparabilidade entre os domínios epistémico e ilocutório neste tipo de construções, contrariamente ao que defende Sweetser (1999). Num segundo momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e outras classes de atos ilocutórios, nomeadamente atos diretivos, compromissivos e expressivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to characterize utterance causal clauses within a theoretical framework that assumes different domains of discourse meaning - content, epistemic and speech-act domain. The assumption is that a semantic analysis may provide some explanation for the syntactic behaviou [...] r of the construction under scrutiny. It is argued in this paper that utterance causal clauses illustrate the discourse relation of Justification, which involves the connection between two illocutionary acts, with different hierarchical status. It is also argued, contrary to Sweetser's 1999 account, that utterance causal clauses combined with assertions give rise to an elementary argumentative text, where the epistemic and the illocutionary domain are closely intertwined. The paper also contemplates the connection between utterance causal clauses and other classes of speech acts, namely directive, compromissive and expressive ones.

Ana Cristina Macário, Lopes.

2012-12-01

96

Teacher Workspaces  

Science.gov (United States)

Well-designed and -equipped teacher workspaces provide the opportunity to improve student achievement at every step of their K-12 education. Shared workspace enhances communication among teachers as they evaluate student performance individually and collectively, and share insights with one another. This paper addresses the key elements found in…

Gordon, Douglas

2010-01-01

97

A gramática de Damourette e Pichon com Lacan: uma problemática da enunciação / Damourette and Pichon's grammar, and Lacan´s psychoanalysis: an utterance act issue  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esse artigo pretende evidenciar a importância específica conferida à gramática Des mots à la pensée: essai de grammaire de la langue française, de Damourette e Pichon (1943) para se pensar as bases lógicas do conceito de enunciação. Para cumprir esse objetivo, coloca-se a obra dos gramáticos em diál [...] ogo com elaborações da psicanálise, mais especificamente com conceitos de Jacques Lacan (2007). Busca-se, assim, uma interface entre os campos da linguística e da psicanálise, debruçando-se sobre a dicotomia existente entre os conceitos de sujeito da enunciação e sujeito do inconsciente. A abordagem tecida é eminentemente teórica, confrontando conceitos de cada pensador e buscando compreender os seus respectivos pontos de interseção. Para atingir esse objetivo, buscou-se o estudo sobre a negação em língua francesa elaborada pelos gramáticos Damourette e Pichon (1930) e colocou-a em relação com a dicotomia enunciado-enunciação construída por Lacan (2005) principalmente no Seminário 6: o desejo e sua interpretação. Como conclusão, torna-se claro como a gramática é inevitavelmente atravessada pela subjetividade e pelos fenômenos enunciativos. Abstract in english This article intends to elucidate the specific importance of Damourette and Pichon´s grammar Des mots à la pensée: Essai de grammaire de la langue française (1943) in order to think the logic basis of the utterance act notion. Accordingly, it fosters a dialogue between the grammarians' works and Jac [...] ques Lacan´s psychoanalysis notions. It is thus pursued a link between linguistic and psychoanalytic fields by investigating the existing dichotomy between the subject of an utterance act and the subject of unconcious. The strictly theoretical approach brings the three authors' notions together and attempts to catch their intersection points by compiling the French negation studies in Damourette and Pichon's grammar and relating them to the dichotomy utterance/utterance act posited by Lacan´s (2005) Seminar 6: desire and its interpretation. It concludes by stressing that both subjectivity and utterance act phenomena and grammar are interlaced.

Bruno Focas Vieira, Machado.

98

Teacher profiles  

...teacher Routes into physics teaching Making an application IOP Teacher Training Scholarships School Experience Programme Profiles Teacher profiles The path to becoming a physics ...of my highlights was when a set of pupils on my second school placement tried to persuade me to not leave at the end!...year I’m due to take up a teaching position in an all-boys school. The school is very keen for me to set up ...IOP Scholar I was working full time and gaining experience in English schools before I started my PGCE. I have a strong background ...

99

Teachers’ Thought Processes: The Case of Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers  

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Full Text Available Teacher’s behaviour is substantially influenced and even determined by teachers’ thought processes. Several studies concerning effectiveness in physical education have analysed various topics such as student engagement, curriculum time allocation, teaching methods, teacher behaviour, and teacher perceptions. However, these investigations have not applied the classroom research findings identified by other researchers. Firstly, this study explains the implied thoughts of the explained Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers (TGUT to teach gymnastics learning processes by analyzing their thought processes. Secondly, we included the analysis of the connection, interaction and relationship between the three topics reviewed. Thirdly, we identified and analyzed the difference between different Tunisian physical educational teachers’ thoughts and its influence on their didactical practice intervention. Data were collected during 4 months of observations and interviews with six TGUT at the high institute of sport and physical education (ISSEP in Tunisia. They all teach not mixed class in Level1 (first year, BAC + 1. These interviews were semi structured (40 minutes each and gave teachers the opportunity to share their perspectives on broad topics such as education, teaching, and society, and also on more succinct topics such as individual students and situations that had occurred in previous lessons. The data were analyzed using constant comparison. Three topics emerged illustrate how the teachers’ thinking influenced their selecting, ordering, and formulating of curriculum units, their didactic and pedagogical manoeuvring during lessons. This study revealed three major conceptions used by TGUT: 1 Teaching based on pedagogical conceptions (7.20%, 2 Teaching based on sciences (17.42%, and 3 Teaching based on means and practices (75.37%. A number of themes emerged from the analysis of each case, aside to the contextualised responses of individuals. The perception of the TGUT had two consequences: 1 a didactic consequence; the TGUT plan activities that will assist students in developing only physical skills, 2 the legitimacy of the contributory sciences in training programs for student teachers of physical education (PE. Basis on this argument, we might reasonably ask what might be done to address this problem. The issues discussed in this paper will encourage teachers to reflect on their own teaching beliefs and practices and to include them in the process of planning and teaching effectiveness.

Naila Bali

2013-08-01

100

Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  

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Full Text Available Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL, especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal and extrinsic (environmental motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.

Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Teachers Who Grow As Collaborative Leaders  

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Full Text Available The following narratives examine three teachers over a course of ten years as they first entered teaching and began to collaborate with other teachers on curriculum. Specifically, the study examines how the teachers 1 developed as collaborators and 2 perceived elements of support from both within and outside the classroom for their collaborative efforts. The article argues that the successful collaborative efforts helped deepen their sense of agency and initiative within their teaching and, to a lesser degree, stimulated reform and change within their schools. In turn and to varying degrees, the process of collaboration supported their personal renewal in their work. The article suggests that structural support for these teachers that connected to their emerging personal practical knowledge was crucial for their development as teacher collaborators. The article concludes by suggesting how schools may be restructured to start to become sites of authentic leadership that build on the talents, meaning, voice, and knowledge of teachers.

Richard D. Sawyer

2001-10-01

102

Responding to Expert Arguments. Emerging Lay Topoi in Focus Group Interviews on GM-Crops  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper challenges the view that attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in agriculture are "utterly resistant to persuasion", as Scholderer (2005) humorously suggests in a review of the literature. Methodologically, this is achieved by studying opinions as they emerge in situated interaction (Myers 2004), in casu in focus groups interviews with both GM-experts and lay persons without specific knowledge on GM-crops. The paper analyses the lay persons' responses to persuasive expert utterances as inventive contributions to the discussion, not just as reactions showing either support or rejection. That is, the paper analyses the topoi, the argumentative ‘places', realized by the lay persons in dealing with and making sense of the new knowledge presented by the experts. Finally, the paper identifies the social identities as participants in a public debate, which are enacted by the lay contributions.

HorsbØl, Anders

2009-01-01

103

Where Have All the Teachers Gone?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A rising need for teachers is projected for California and the nation during the next decade. Sound policy for teacher preparation should not only foster a capable workforce, it should also assure that the supply of qualified teachers balances with employment demand. A conceptual model is proposed to describe the flow of individuals through teacher preparation programs and the workplace. In California the workforce is projected to grow by thirty percent over the next ten years, stimulating the demand for teachers. At present the number of newly credentialed teachers exceeds the number hired. However, the apparent abundance masks an oversupply of teachers in some curricular and geographic areas and shortages elsewhere. Evidence for a lack of balance between supply and demand is found in an upward trend of emergency hiring of teachers who do not meet all requirements for a credential and low employment rates for first-time college and university prepared teachers. The asymmetry between supply and demand could be redressed partly through better retention of working teachers and closer coordination of preparation programs with the needs of schools in their service areas.

Mark Fetler

1997-01-01

104

Chapter 10. Emergency preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their consequences to the environment. Emergency Response Centre of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accident and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it serves as an advisory body for the national Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimising the impact on population and the vicinity of NPP. Besides of completion of emergency procedures related to NPPs Bohunice also the first part of procedures for NPP Mochovce and procedures using a new EU code system RODOS. In 2000 UJD focused activities in emergency preparedness area on inspections, approval of on-site emergency plans of nuclear installations, review of emergency transport orders and of-site emergency plans. In accordance with an UJD inspection plan the inspectors of UJD carried out several inspections in area of emergency preparedness at all NPPs. The inspections were focused on checking the emergency exercises, review of preparedness of NPP staff in the area of emergency planning and review of documentation. There were no important insufficiencies revealed during the inspections. During the year 2000 the exercises were performed at all nuclear installations and the emergency transport orders were exercised as well. Testing of communication, preparedness of individual members of emergency headquarters, co-operation, operability of emergency centres and exchange of information were the main tasks of these exercises. In March the emergency exercise at the National Radioactive waste Repository on Mochovce site was performed, in April the emergency transport order of the Slovak Energetic Company was exercised, there was a large scale exercise organised at the NPP Mochovce in May, in October the exercises were organised at VUJE facility in Bohunice and radioactive waste treatment enterprise SE-VYZ. In November large scale on-site exercise was organised at NPP Bohunice and also the emergency transport order of Slovak Railways was exercised. Besides all this two representatives of UJD took part in exercises abroad with aim to acquire new knowledge and experience in area of public relations and information in case of incident or accident oat nuclear facility and also in area of international co-operation. The assistance of European commission continued in frame of so called RAMG project, determined to strengthen the regulatory authority. Thanks to this project UJD obtained computer equipment by which the capacity of the emergency response centre was increased substantially particularly in area of data processing in case of decision making in case of incident or accident at nuclear facility. Upgrading of hardware platform of the emergency response centre enabled the application of information systems (GIS), which contain important pieces of information for decision making (geography, demography, statistic, etc.) in case of incident or accident. Installation of GIS enabled also the extension of data sets transferred from facilities and creation of corresponding database. The co-operation with U.K. in area of emergency planning was finished. Representatives of U.K. assistance declared that the level of emergency preparedness of UJD is high enough and UJD can take a role of teacher for countries where the emergency centres are being built. In the year 2000 a further phase of EU RODOS system implementation continued in the Slovak Republic. First version of RODOS code package was successfully installed. This code will enable to implement the same approach to evaluation of incidents and accident in all European countries. A development and adaptation to conditions of the Sl

105

TEACHER NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed from 1st December 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before November 20th. English National Programme - Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire

2002-01-01

106

THE SCHOOL TEACHER’S RULE IN THE EDUCATION OF THE FUTURE TEACHER OF SCIENCE : a discourse in silence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we focus our attention on the Supervised Internship teacher`s practice, specifically in relations established between the individuals involved (professor, schools, and students, seeking to identify papers about this subject as the approaches to the students of the school and the school-teacher’s role in this process. We identified a school teacher’s lack of knowledge and also a lack of appreciation of their practice and related it to the prospect of silencing in Discourse Analysis of the French Line – DA. We affiliate this silence to its historicity seeking clues on the construction of this discourse. We conclude that the naturalized absence of the school-teachers and of their knowledge in the education of the future teachers is produced by academy speeches that ignore them and silence about them. Also formed on this basis, the teacher of basic education builds his senses, for example, perceiving himself absent from the process, assuming a position and, consequently, a role that placed him in silence, even after the emergence of a new discourse produced from practice valuation in the initial teacher education.

Giselle de Souza Paula

2011-10-01

107

Emergency Alerts  

Science.gov (United States)

... alerts of non-weather emergencies such as national security, natural, environmental, and public safety through the Emergency Alert System. National Oceanic Atmospheric Agency Social Media Tools Visit the FEMA Media Library and download these tools: Facts and FAQS on ...

108

Radiological Emergencies  

...Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Emergency Planning...in the planning for a CBRN emergency. Representatives from IPRI sit...from IPRI sit on the CBRN Steering Group and help to...

109

Excellent emergency medicine educators adapt teaching methods to learner experience level and patient acuity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: This study investigates whether instructional methods used by excellent emergency medicine residency teachers change with changing conditions of learner level of training, patient acuity and department census. Methods: Four excellent, purposively selected, emergency medicine teachers consented to participate in this non-participant observational study. Teachers were observed for 32 hours in the emergency department, using a structured observation form focused on: teaching methods ...

Grall, Kristi H.; Harris, Ilene B.; Deborah Simpson; Mark Gelula; Jaime Butler; Callahan, Edward P.

2013-01-01

110

language teachers  

CERN Multimedia

The Le Rosey Institute at Rolle (autumn and spring) and Gstaad (winter) is looking for part-time language teachers of ?Bulgarian, Farsi, Hindi, Korean and Romanian for the start of the autumn term in September 2007. For further details, please contact : www.rosey.ch Please send applications with CVs to job@rosey.ch

2007-01-01

111

Male Teacher Shortage: Black Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper the authors draw on the perspectives of black teachers to provide a more nuanced analysis of male teacher shortage. Interviews with two Caribbean teachers in Toronto, Canada, are employed to illuminate the limits of an explanatory framework that foregrounds the singularity of gender as a basis for advocating male teachers as role…

Martino, Wayne; Rezai-Rashti, Goli M.

2010-01-01

112

Impact of Teacher Preparation upon Teacher Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

A cohort of students in a teacher preparation program completed questionnaires measuring their feelings of teacher self efficacy at three points in the program. Results suggest that pre-service teachers' feelings of self efficacy do improve as a result of their participation in such programs. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table. Teacher Efficacy…

Redmon, Robert J.

2007-01-01

113

Australian Teachers' Careers. Teachers in Society.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book focuses on career patterns and promotion of Australian school teachers. Following an introduction by the editors, the book is divided into 4 parts: Part 1, entitled "Understanding Teachers' Careers" includes 2 chapters: (l) "Teachers' Careers: A Conceptual Framework" (Rupert Maclean); and (2) "Teachers' Work: A Perspective on Schooling,"…

Maclean, Rupert, Ed.; McKenzie, Phillip, Ed.

114

Teachers’ beliefs, teachers’ goals and teachers’ classroom management : a study with primary teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teachers’ beliefs and teachers’ practices tend to fit together. However exceptions seem to be significant. This study, carried out with primary teachers (N = 279), explores the relation of teachers’ classroom management beliefs to teachers’ classroom goals and teachers’ practices. A cluster analysis identified three distinct teaching beliefs’ profiles: teacher-centered, student-centered and ambivalent/inconsistent. Clusters somehow overlap in the teaching goals they most value but...

Lopes, Joa?o A.; Santos, Miguel

2013-01-01

115

Teachers' Beliefs, Teachers' Goals and Teachers' Classroom Management: A Study with Primary Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teachers' beliefs and teachers' practices tend to fit together. However exceptions seem to be significant. This study, carried out with primary teachers (N = 279), explores the relation of teachers' classroom management beliefs to teachers' classroom goals and teachers' practices. A cluster analysis identified three distinct teaching beliefs' profiles: teacher-centered, student-centered and ambivalent/inconsistent. Clusters somehow overlap in the teaching goals they most value but some striki...

Lopes, Jo U. E. O.; Miguel Santos

2013-01-01

116

An assessment of the diabetic knowledge of school teachers.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ninety seven teachers of diabetic pupils in Liverpool completed a questionnaire designed to assess their knowledge of diabetes mellitus and the sources from which they had obtained information. The survey aimed to evaluate their understanding and to aid in planning an alternative policy of teacher education. Only 24 teachers (25%) seemed to have adequate understanding of diabetes and there was little knowledge of recognition and treatment of emergency diabetic problems and aspects of diet. Mo...

Bradbury, A. J.; Smith, C. S.

1983-01-01

117

Teacher Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources for Preschool Teachers in the classroom. This link will have emotion faces and a tool to create a solution box for student use. Behavior This is the home page to Positive Behavior Intervention System PBIS Entering data for check points Creative Curriculum NAYEC national page along with the IA page NAEYC IA AEYC Dr. Jean's main page with some YouTube songs Dr. Jean ...

Miller, Heather

2011-12-13

118

TEACHERS NEEDED  

CERN Document Server

The English Language Programme of the Lycée International de Ferney-Voltaire has two teaching posts available for la rentrée 2001. 1. Part-time teacher of Primary-level English Candidates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree and teaching qualification. The post involves teaching the English curriculum to pupils who are within the French educational system. Classes take place on Tuesday afternoons at the Lycée. Team spirit necessary as teachers work as a team. Induction & training are offered. 2. Part-time teacher of Secondary-level history-geography Candididates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree in history or geography and also a strong interest in the other subject. They should have a relevant teaching qualification and be confident classroom practioners. For more information on either of these posts please contact the school office on 04.50.40.82...

2001-01-01

119

Teachers ''in the Making'': Building Accounts of Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, mentoring practices during internship in teacher education are identified as boundary activities between schools and universities. By using the notions of common places and accounting practices, the emerging discourses of student teachers and mentors in a Norwegian school are explored to expand our understanding of how conceptual,…

Ottesen, Eli

2007-01-01

120

Mentoring Beginning Primary Teachers for Exemplary Teaching Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

In exploring the potential for mentoring to support novice teachers' use of effective teaching practices, we conducted a grounded theory analysis about change potential. Themes emerging from cross-case analysis of survey, interview, and observation data from six beginning primary teachers in the US and their mentors revealed factors, other than…

Roehrig, Alysia D.; Bohn, Catherine M.; Turner, Jeannine E.; Pressley, Michael

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

From Rationalization to Reflection: One Teacher Education Law Class  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the struggles of a teacher educator to acknowledge and honor her own liberal bias along with her students' more conservative perspectives as these emerge in an education law class for preservice teachers. It illustrates the author's ongoing transition from rationalization to reflection, as she considers both her…

Miretzky, Debra

2013-01-01

122

Socioscience and Ethics in Science Classrooms: Teacher Perspectives and Strategies  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored teacher perspectives on the use of socioscientific issues (SSI) and on dealing with ethics in the context of science instruction. Twenty-two middle and high school science teachers from three US states participated in semi-structured interviews, and researchers employed inductive analyses to explore emergent patterns relative…

Sadler, Troy D.; Amirshokoohi, Aidin; Kazempour, Mahsa; Allspaw, Kathleen M.

2006-01-01

123

Factors Affecting the Involvement of Teachers in Guidance and Counselling as a Whole-School Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores factors affecting the involvement of regular secondary school teachers in the whole-school approach to guidance and counselling by interviewing 12 secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. Emerging themes include teachers' ownership of their role in student guidance and counselling, the alignment of their disposition with…

Lam, Sarah K. Y.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.

2010-01-01

124

Evaluating Socio-Cultural Pedagogy in a Distance Teacher Education Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing pressure has been placed on teacher education to prepare teachers to educate bilingual/bicultural students using scientifically-based teaching methods. Socio-cultural theory and pedagogy have emerged as a research-based foundation for diversity teacher preparation. Socio-cultural theory rests on the premise that learning is social,…

Teemant, Annela

2005-01-01

125

Scenarios for Dutch Teacher Education. A Trip to Rome: Coach Bus Company or Travel Agency?  

Science.gov (United States)

Stimulated by severe teacher shortages, teacher education in the Netherlands is changing toward competence-based, work- based-, and market-oriented programs. A Dutch scenario project was developed in which four scenarios for the future of teacher education emerged. These scenarios were structured by the freedom of schools to define the type of…

Snoek, Marco

2003-01-01

126

Using Virtual Technology to Enhance Field Experiences for Pre-Service Special Education Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher educators of pre-service teachers of students with special needs face challenges in providing the unique knowledge and skills required of highly qualified special education teachers. The emerging use of various forms of virtual technology, however, offers realistic solutions to these problems. This systematic review of literature examines…

Billingsley, Glenna M.; Scheuermann, Brenda K.

2014-01-01

127

Emergency Contraception  

Science.gov (United States)

... different for each brand of pill. Combination emergency contraceptive pills need to be taken as soon as possible up to 120 hours, or 5 days, after unprotected intercourse. They are thought to work by preventing ... pills? Combination emergency contraceptive pills are not as ...

128

PBS Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The PBS (Public Broadcasting Service) Teachers web site provides access to thousands of lesson plans, teaching activities, videos, and interactive games and simulations for all levels of instruction, Pre-K to 12. These resources are correlated to state, national, and Canadian educational standards and are tied to PBS' on-air and online programming (NOVA, Nature, and others). They are organized by topic (math, science and technology, social studies, and others). Within each topic area the resources are searchable by grade level and subtopic. Other materials include links to blogs on educational topics, news articles and event announcements, a frequently-asked-questions feature, and information on PBS' professional development program, Teacherline.

2002-01-01

129

Emergency contraception.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term 'emergency contraception', as employed in this paper, refers to methods that are used as emergency procedures to prevent pregnancy following unprotected intercourse. Alternative, less appropriate, terms are postcoital and 'morning-after' contraception. References to postcoital preparations can be found as far back as 1500 BC in Egyptian papyri, but it was not until fairly recently that contraceptive research has been able to at least partially fulfill that need. The development of hormonal methods of emergency contraception goes back to the 1960s when the first human trials of postcoitally administered high-dose oestrogens were undertaken. Combined oestrogen- progestogen combination therapy (the so-called Yuzpe regimen) was introduced in the early 1970s, while the postcoital insertion of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) for emergency contraception was first reported in 1976. Other compounds that have been tested more recently include levonorgestrel, the antiprogestogen mifepristone, and danazol. Although there is some debate about the magnitude of the protective effect, few people question the important role that emergency contraception can play in preventing unwanted pregnancy and hence maternal mortality and morbidity resulting from unsafe abortion. Given that the most often used methods of emergency contraception, namely the Yuzpe regimen and postcoital insertion of an IUD, rely on technology that has been available for some 30 years, family planning programmes that claim to be concerned with improving women's reproductive health, cannot really be excused if they do not provide emergency contraception as part of their routine services. PMID:8324605

Van Look, P F; von Hertzen, H

1993-01-01

130

PRIMARY TEACHERS CANDIDATES’ VIEWS ON GOOD TEACHER  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to examine qualitatively 109 third year primary teacher candidates’ views on being a good teacher. One open-ended question was posed to teacher candidates to be answered in writing. Although opinions about being a good teacher were categorized into six subtitles: personal characteristics, knowledge of subject and its teaching;, skills, professional growth, appreciation, and commitment to the mission, most of the answers were about different dimensions of personal c...

Ubuz, Behiye; Sari, Sibel

2009-01-01

131

Emergency psychiatry.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Up to 15% of people that are visited in the Emergency Department of a Hospital have a mental disorder and/or a psychiatric symptom: often this is not recognized or not properly treated. The reasons for this are more than one and involve: the emergency physicians that are not always prepared and sensible to face this kind of disorders; the psychiatrists that are not always well tuned with the language and the clinic of the emergency; and the patients, that can ignore or deny the psychiatric na...

Bogetto, Filippo; Rocca, Paola

2007-01-01

132

Changes in Teacher-Student Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Although teacher-student relationships lie at the heart of students' schooling experience, fundamental questions regarding these relationships remain unanswered. Aims: This study investigates three related questions about these relationships: To what extent do they change from the beginning to the end of a school year? Are any emergent

Gehlbach, Hunter; Brinkworth, Maureen E.; Harris, Anna D.

2012-01-01

133

Radiation Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... Care Laboratory Law Enforcement Radiation Basics Infographics Radiation Emergency Training and Education Internal Contamination Clinical Reference (ICCR) Application Psychological First Aid in Radiation Disasters Public Health Planning for Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism Radiation Basics ...

134

911 Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... to Make Sense of Health News Anxiety Disorders Relaxation Exercises The Flu Vaccine 911 Emergencies KidsHealth > Teens > ... that you should never call 911 for your pets, for information, or to do routine stuff like ...

135

Emergency contraception  

Science.gov (United States)

... in women. It can be used: After a sexual assault or rape When a condom breaks or a diaphragm slips ... your health care provider first). Emergency contraception may cause side effects. Most are mild. They may include: ...

136

A STUDY ON THE DIFFICULTIES FACED BY PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Both teacher characteristics and professional knowledge and skills are required for teachers to offer quality preschool education. Even though teachers may know the basics of planning educational contexts, various reasons may bring them face to face with difficulties in planning and implementation. When such diffculties arise, support should be provided to teachers according to their needs so that quality preschool curricula emerge. Starting from this need, the present study aims to reveal th...

Kandir, Doc? Dr Adalet; O?zbey, Dr Saide; I?nal, Ars? Go?r Go?zde

2009-01-01

137

Professional mathematics teacher identity:analysis of reflective narratives from discourses and activities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article focuses on the methodological use of reflective narratives from discourses and activities of an experienced primary teacher as evidence of her professional identity. The teacher’s reflective narratives emerge from her participation in a 3-year developmental and research project, Learning Communities in Mathematics, conducted at the University of Agder (UiA) in Norway. As background for our study, we firstly present the teacher in action with her sixth-grade pupils in a mathemat...

Bjuland, Raymond; Cestari, Maria Luiza; Borgersen, Hans Erik

2012-01-01

138

EMERGENCY CALLS  

CERN Multimedia

IN URGENT NEED OF A DOCTOR GENEVA EMERGENCY SERVICES GENEVA AND VAUD 144 FIRE BRIGADE 118 POLICE 117 CERN FIREMEN 767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 01-251-51-51 Patient not fit to be moved, call family doctor, or: GP AT HOME, open 24h/24h 748-49-50 Association Of Geneva Doctors Emergency Doctors at home 07h-23h 322 20 20 Patient fit to be moved: HOPITAL CANTONAL CENTRAL 24 Micheli-du-Crest 372-33-11 ou 382-33-11 EMERGENCIES 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL 6 rue Willy-Donzé 372-33-11 MATERNITY 32 bvd.de la Cluse 382-68-16 ou 382-33-11 OPHTHALMOLOGY 22 Alcide Jentzer 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 MEDICAL CENTRE CORNAVIN 1-3 rue du Jura 345 45 50 HOPITAL DE LA TOUR Meyrin EMERGENCIES 719-61-11 URGENCES PEDIATRIQUES 719-61-00 LA TOUR MEDICAL CENTRE 719-74-00 European Emergency Call 112 FRANCE EMERGENCY SERVICES 15 FIRE BRIGADE 18 POLICE 17 CERN FIREMEN AT HOME 00-41-22-767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 04-72-11-69-11 All doctors ...

2001-01-01

139

Helping Teachers become Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

For school improvement, more teachers need to function as leaders. Understanding the various dimensions of teacher leadership is requisite knowledge for encouraging the development of more teachers as leaders. Teacher leaders can fulfill multiple roles as they encounter obstacles in schools. The author addresses the challenge of supporting…

Phelps, Patricia H.

2008-01-01

140

A New Teacher's Plea  

Science.gov (United States)

New teachers are often too overwhelmed by their new responsibilities to be the effective teachers they wish to be. Brian K. Jones, a new teacher who loves his job but still thinks of quitting at least once a month, says that teachers need a more comprehensive system of supports before and after they enter the classroom. Such a system would include…

Jones, Brian K.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Teacher Education in Canada  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher education programmes within Canada are markedly different in structure and duration across the provinces, which affects programme delivery for teacher candidates and their opportunities for clinical practice. This paper provides a brief overview of Canadian pre-service teacher education, a summary of new teacher induction and mentoring…

Van Nuland, Shirley

2011-01-01

142

Improving Teacher Education Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the authors review current practices in pre-service teacher education. They suggest that radical improvements are possible and that, if practiced, would help mediate many of the pressures young teachers face. To do so, the authors: 1) outline the experiences of young teachers to consider how teachers might thrive in a difficult…

Harding, Kelly; Parsons, Jim

2011-01-01

143

Technology Enhanced Teacher Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research and development study was to design and develop an affordable, computer-based, pre-service teacher assessment and reporting system to allow teacher education institutions and supervising teachers to efficiently enter evaluation criteria, record pre-service teacher evaluations, and generate evaluation reports. The…

Teter, Richard B.

2010-01-01

144

The Effects of Student and Teacher Characteristics on Teacher Impressions of – and Responses to – Student Behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined how student characteristics (e.g., race, gender and teacher characteristics (e.g., race, gender, years of experience, confidence in behavior management influence the way teachers perceive and respond to student behaviors in the U.S.A. A rigorous process was used to develop and pilot a survey consisting of questions about a defiant student behavioral incident that might be encountered in a school. This process involved systematically identifying student names that would imply different gender/ethnicity combinations, creating the instrument using these names, expert review, cognitive interviews, and a pilot study using 135 pre-service teachers. After refining the instrument based on feedback from each of these activities, we administered it to 57 practicing teachers. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four scenario conditions, each of which implied a student with a different gender/ethnicity combination (i.e., African American female student, African American male student, European American female student, European American male student.  Although some interesting trends in responding emerged based on the implied student race and ethnicity, none were statistically significant. However, teacher characteristics significantly influenced responding, with less experienced teachers being less likely to ignore behaviors – and more likely to address them directly – than their more seasoned counterparts. This adds to the extant knowledge about how teachers in different phases of their careers may interpret and approach classroom situations, and reveals implications for teacher professional development efforts. Further implications, limitations, and future directions are also discussed.

Amity Noltemeyer

2012-06-01

145

Emergency psychiatry.  

Science.gov (United States)

Up to 15% of people that are visited in the Emergency Department of a Hospital have a mental disorder and/or a psychiatric symptom: often this is not recognized or not properly treated. The reasons for this are more than one and involve: the emergency physicians that are not always prepared and sensible to face this kind of disorders; the psychiatrists that are not always well tuned with the language and the clinic of the emergency; and the patients, that can ignore or deny the psychiatric nature of their problems. After an initial definitions of the most important terms and concepts (Psychiatric Emergency and Urgency, Behavioral Emergency, Acute Presentations of Mental Disorders, and Crisis) the Medical and Psychiatric Assessment are discussed with different Clinical Presentations and Classifications, Psychosocial Evaluation and Risk Assessment. Finally the Clinical Management and the Pharmacological Treatment are presented with special attention to the underlying medical causes and to the use of new drugs, especially second generation antipsychotics, alone or combined with benzodiazepines. PMID:18043562

Villari, V; Rocca, P; Bogetto, F

2007-10-01

146

Emergency situations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nuclear activities are exercised so as to prevent the accidents. They are subjected to a rule whom application is controlled by the Asn. The risk of grave accident is so limited to a very low level of probability. He cannot be however completely pushed aside. The expression ' radiological emergency situation ' indicates a situation which ensues from an incident or of an accident risking to lead to an emission of radioactive materials or a level of radioactivity susceptible to strike a blow at the public health. The term ' nuclear crisis ' is used for the events which can lead to a radiological emergency situation on a nuclear basic installation or during a transport of radioactive materials. The preparation and the management of emergency situations, that they are of natural, accidental or terrorist origin, became a major concern of our society. We propose you of to know more about it in this file. (N.C.)

147

Emerging phleboviruses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bunyavidae family is the largest grouping of RNA viruses and arguably the most diverse. Bunyaviruses have a truly global distribution and can infect vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. The majority of bunyaviruses are vectored by arthropods and thus have the remarkable capability to replicate in hosts of disparate phylogeny. The family has provided many examples of emerging viruses including Sin Nombre and related viruses responsible for hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in the Americas, first identified in 1993, and Schmallenberg virus which emerged in Europe in 2011, causing foetal malformations in ruminants. In addition, some well-known bunyaviruses like Rift Valley fever and Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever viruses continue to emerge in new geographical locations. In this short review we focus on newly identified viruses associated with severe haemorrhagic disease in humans in China and the US. PMID:24607799

Elliott, Richard M; Brennan, Benjamin

2014-04-01

148

Emergency neuroradiology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The book is directed at emergency radiologists and neuroradiologists. It aims at providing exhaustive information that will help the reader understand the clinical problems in the full range of neurological emergencies and to select the methodological and technical options that will ensure prompt and effective response and correct interpretation of the clinical findings. The various chapters address the most common neuroradiological emergencies, summarize their fundamental physiopathological features, describe the main semiological and differential diagnostic features, and provide operative suggestions for the selection of the appropriate techniques to be applied in a sequential order. The book addresses the application of state-of-the-art techniques and their implications for clinical practice (particularly the contributions of standard and functional MRI and of spiral and multislice CT). The illustrations provide not only training but also reference material for routine clinical work. (orig.)

Scarabino, T. [Scientific Inst. ' Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza' , San Giovanni Rotondo (Italy). Dept. of Neuroradiology]|[Hospital of Andria (Italy). Dept. of Radiology, ASL BA/1; Salvolini, U. [Ancona Univ. (Italy). Neuroradiology and Dept. of Radiology; Jinkins, J.R. (eds.) [New York State Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States). Dept. of Radiology, Downstate Medical Center

2006-07-01

149

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Emergency contraception refers to any device or drug that is used as an emergency procedure to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse.The first method of emergency contraception was high dose of estrogen. Concern about side effects led to subsequent development of the so-called Yuzpe regimen which combined ethinil estradiol with levonorgestrel and levonorgestrel alone. Less convenient to use is the copper intauterine contraceptive device.It is known that in some women sexual steroids may inhibit or delay ovulation and may interfere with ovum and sperm transport and implantation. Copper intrauterine device causes a foreign-body effect on the endometrium and a direct toxic effect to sperm and blastocyst.The Yuzpe regimen reduces the risk of pregnancy after a single act of sexual intercourse by about 75% and the levonorgestrel alone by about 85%. The copper intrauterine device is an extremely effective method for selected patients.Nausea and vomiting are common among women using the Yuzpe regimen and considerably less common among women using levonorgestrel alone regimen.Emergency contraception is relatively safe with no contraindications except pregnancy. It is ineffective if a woman is pregnant. There is no need for a medical hystory or a phisical examination before providing emergency contraceptive pills. They are taken long before organogenesis starts, so they should not have a teratogenic effect.Counseling should include information about correct use of the method, possible side effects and her preferences for regular contraception.Unintended pregnancy is a great problem. Several safe, effective and inexpensive methods of emergency contraception are available including Yuzpe regimen, levonorges-trel-only regimen and copper intrauterine device.

Dragana Panti?

2007-10-01

150

Nuclear emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This leaflet, which is in the form of a fold-up chart, has panels of text which summarize the emergencies that could arise and the countermeasures and emergency plans that have been prepared should nuclear accident occur or affect the United Kingdom. The levels of radiation doses at which various measures would be introduced are outlined. The detection and monitoring programmes that would operate is illustrated. The role of NRPB and the responsible government departments are set out together with an explanation of how the National Arrangements for Incidents involving Radioactivity would be coordinated. (UK)

151

Emergency Preparedness  

CERN Document Server

The trends of RPC work in the area of preparedness for nuclear and radiological accidents are listed. RPC in cooperation with Swedish Government developed the project on preparation for iodine prophylaxis in case of accident at Ignalina NPP and arranged seminar on emergency preparedness issues in 2001.

2001-01-01

152

Emerging Scholars  

Science.gov (United States)

This year's group of "emerging scholars" is a force to be reckoned with. This diverse group of young (under-40) crusaders is pushing the boundaries of research, technology and public policy in ways never imagined and reaching new heights of accomplishments. The Class of 2009 includes a physiologist who devised an artificial pancreas to produce the…

Anyaso, Hilary Hurd; Rolo, Mark Anthony; Roach, Ronald; Delos, Robin Chen; Branch-Brioso, Karen; Miranda, Maria Eugenia; Seymour, Add, Jr.; Grossman, Wendy; Nealy, Michelle J.; Lum, Lydia

2009-01-01

153

Teacher's Mind Resources: Teacher's Transforming Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Proposing a teacher-based approach to educational reform, the Teacher's Mind Resources site is built around a recently published study of education, entitled Teaching in Mind: How Teacher Thinking Shapes Education. While largely promotional, the site offers a great deal of perspective into the current analysis of reformist trends and initiatives to stand on its own as a valuable source of insight and inspiration to educators at every level. Philosophically, the site's author is convinced that popular efforts to apply "universal" educational standards are meaningless - if they fail to take into account what each teacher brings to the class as an individual. Thus, it focuses on the teacher's mind as a unique tool destined to interpret every mandated standard differently and uniquely. Offering forums, media, and recently published research in the area, the Teacher's Mind site looks both to inform and engage all users.

154

Emerging Technologies as Cognitive Tools for Authentic Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Employing emerging technologies in learning is becoming increasingly important as a means to support the development of digital media literacy. Using a theoretical framework of authentic learning and technology as cognitive tools, this paper examined student responses to the infusion of emerging technologies in a large first year teacher education…

Herrington, Jan; Parker, Jenni

2013-01-01

155

Emergency management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1995, major efforts of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) were focused on tasks associated with completion and incorporation of the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of NRA SR in emergency planning and crisis management. Construction of the ERC had begun based on NRA SR's knowledge, as well as recommendations of Regulatory Assistance Management Group (RAMG) International Mission in 1993 and follow-up missions in 1994. Early in 1994, re-construction of selected rooms had been done and early in 1995, supported by the UK and U.S.A. Government's funding, technical equipment was purchased. The equipment was necessary for ERC operation as tools to improve NRA SR readiness for the management of emergency situations at nuclear installations. NRA SR commenced operation of the Centre in April 1995. The Centre has been on-line connected to a teledosimetric system of Radiation Monitoring Laboratory in Trnava. The basic software for assessment of radiation consequences of a NPP accident was supplied were also focused on cooperation with state administration authorities and organizations which were involved in an emergency planning structure. In September 1995, staffing of the ERC was completed and parallel, the first document concerning the ERC prime task, i.e. activities and procedures of of NRA SR Crisis crew in case of an accident at a nuclear installation on the territory of the Slovak Republic, was approved by the NRA SR's Management. In the period that is being assessed, NRA SR made significant progress in events classification and emergency planning terminology in order to unify the above between both the Slovak NPPs

156

Radiation for Students and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

... Public Reporters Librarians Students/Teachers PROGRAMS TOPICS REFERENCES Radiation Information for Students and Teachers Students/Teachers Main ... RadTown USA Careers People and Discoveries History of Radiation Protection Understanding Radiation Related Links Student Teacher Publications ...

157

Image of Ideal Teachers among Turkish Young Teacher Candidates  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the current study is to determine the perception of teacher candidates concerning ideal teachers and to determine the perception of qualitative teachers that teacher candidates have and put a light on the selection of teacher candidates and the development of teacher-training programs. In the study, quantitative and qualitative…

Budak, Yusuf

2011-01-01

158

Teacher Involvement in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Many researchers in the field of teacher education have proposed the formation of partnerships between teachers and teacher educators, without explicitly stating what additional roles teachers might play in the teacher preparation process. This article describes how some pre-service teacher education programmes have increased the involvement of…

Mason, Kevin O.

2013-01-01

159

Technology, Science and Preservice Teachers: Creating a Culture of Technology-Savvy Elementary Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explored how preservice elementary teachers incorporated technology into a microteaching activity that was a component of their science education, mathematics education, and educational technology courses. Participants displayed varied levels of technology use. Four uses emerged: knowledge source, data organizer, information presenter, and…

Pringle, Rose M.; Dawson, Kara; Adams, Thomasenia

2003-01-01

160

Emergency Contraception  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse. From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel, known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, levonorgestrel alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2 × 0.75 mg 12 hours apart showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5 mg levonorgestrel pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for emergency contraception, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that emergency contraception is considered an off label use and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Mifepristone in doses of 10 or 25 mg is being used successfully as an emergency contraceptive in China, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate in the dosage of 30 mg for emergency contraception up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose levonorgestrel pill with an even higher efficacy. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception are available on the market today with the most widely spread being levonorgestrel in a single dose of 1.5 mg (given as one tablet of 1.5 mg or 2 tablets of 0.75 mg each for administration up to 3 days after unprotected intercourse. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it can only be used for up to 72 hours after UPSI. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25 mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Recently the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM ulipristal acetate in the dose of 30 mg has been introduced in Europe for emergency contraception. It has shown to be more efficacious than levonorgestrel and can be used for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation.

Gemzell-Danielsson K

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Emergent spin  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin–statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must “emerge” for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions. -- Highlights: •The spin–statistics theorem is not required for particles on a lattice. •Spin emerges dynamically when spinless fermions have a relativistic continuum limit. •Graphene and staggered fermions are examples of this phenomenon. •The phenomenon is intimately tied to chiral symmetry and fermion doubling. •Anomaly cancellation is a crucial feature of any valid lattice fermion action.

Creutz, Michael, E-mail: creutz@bnl.gov

2014-03-15

162

Emerging issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some formal and informal mechanisms were implemented at the Ontario Ministry of the Environment that allow the identification of emerging environmental issues. The early warning is most often provided through the expertise of the personnel and their contacts. The Ministry commissioned a study to review the process, learn from the processes in place in other organizations, and implement the appropriate changes into its emerging issues procedure. The team conducting the review answered four specific questions. The first question was: What are the necessary elements of an emerging issues tool? The second question was: What are some of the best practices in other jurisdictions? It was followed by the question: How do those jurisdictions implement emerging issues models? The final question was: What implementation is appropriate for the Ontario Ministry of the Environment? The approach involved reviewing the appropriate literature and reviewing the best practices in place in other jurisdictions, both in the United States and in Europe. Senior officials in Canada and the United States were interviewed, and the procedure was identified and described. A case study concerning the acid rain problem in the 1960s and 1970s was used to test the developed procedure retroactively. This procedure involves a variation of the top-down, bottom-up input procedure at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), with a formal issues scanning process, and the prioritizing andscanning process, and the prioritizing and analysis of the steps. It was noted that if the procedure had been in place in the late 1960s in Ontario, it would have been possible to identify one or more impacts from the acid rain situation ten years earlier. Preventive and remedial action could have been implemented, leading to environmental and economic benefits for the province of Ontario. The broad involvement of stakeholders is required for an open and systematic prioritization of the issues. The authors concluded the study by identifying possible implementation options within the structure of the Ontario Ministry of the Environment

163

Emergent Relativity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A possible resolution of the incompatibility of quantum mechanics and general relativity is that the relativity principle is emergent. I show that the central paradox of black holes also occurs at a liquid-vapor critical surface of a bose condensate but is resolved there by the phenomenon of quantum criticality. I propose that real black holes are actually phase boundaries of the vacuum analogous to this, and that the Einstein field equations simply fail at the event horizon...

Laughlin, R. B.

2003-01-01

164

Emerging Technologies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Phenomenal advancements have taken place in the field of Information and communication technologies in the last decade. Spectacular and innovative changes are expected to take place in these fields in coming decade. Networking technologies are going through a sea change. This paper enumerates the likely networking technologies which are emerging, particularly WLANs. Most of the personal communication in the country will be through cellular/ mobile technologies, which are also covered in the p...

Salgar, S. M.

2004-01-01

165

`You Have to Give Them Some Science Facts': Primary Student Teachers' Early Negotiations of Teacher Identities in the Intersections of Discourses About Science Teaching and About Primary Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

In the broadest sense, the goal for primary science teacher education could be described as preparing these teachers to teach for scientific literacy. Our starting point is that making such science teaching accessible and desirable for future primary science teachers is dependent not only on their science knowledge and self-confidence, but also on a whole range of interrelated sociocultural factors. This paper aims to explore how intersections between different Discourses about primary teaching and about science teaching are evidenced in primary school student teachers' talk about becoming teachers. The study is founded in a conceptualisation of learning as a process of social participation. The conceptual framework is crafted around two key concepts: Discourse (Gee 2005) and identity (Paechter, Women's Studies International Forum, 26(1):69-77, 2007). Empirically, the paper utilises semi-structured interviews with 11 primary student teachers enrolled in a 1-year Postgraduate Certificate of Education course. The analysis draws on five previously identified teacher Discourses: `Teaching science through inquiry', `Traditional science teacher', `Traditional primary teacher', `Teacher as classroom authority', and `Primary teacher as a role model' (Danielsson and Warwick, International Journal of Science Education, 2013). It explores how the student teachers, at an early stage in their course, are starting to intersect these Discourses to negotiate their emerging identities as primary science teachers.

Danielsson, Anna T.; Warwick, Paul

2014-04-01

166

ChemTeacher: Neutron  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Neutron page includes resources for teaching students about neutrons.

2011-01-01

167

ChemTeacher: Electron  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Electron page includes resources for teaching students about electrons.

2011-01-01

168

Teachers' Voices: Celebrating Excellence.  

Science.gov (United States)

The annual theme issue of Childhood Education is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of teachers of the year. Teachers of the year describe their methods, beliefs, and concerns in personal statements. (DG)

Isenberg, Joan P.; And Others

1990-01-01

169

Effects of teacher training  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article gives a short overview over existing knowledge concerning the effect of teacher training in relation to adult learning. It presents a research design for measuring the effect of teacher traning.

Wahlgren, Bjarne; Larsen, Lea Lund

2010-01-01

170

Emerging Jets  

CERN Document Server

In this work, propose a novel search strategy for new physics at the LHC that utilizes calorimeter jets that (i) are composed dominantly of displaced tracks and (ii) have many different vertices within the jet cone. Such emerging jet signatures are smoking guns for models with a composite dark sector where a parton shower in the dark sector is followed by displaced decays of dark pions back to SM jets. No current LHC searches are sensitive to this type of phenomenology. We perform a detailed simulation for a benchmark signal with two regular and two emerging jets, and present and implement strategies to suppress QCD backgrounds by up to six orders of magnitude. At the 14 TeV LHC, this signature can be probed with mediator masses as large as 1.5 TeV for a range of dark pion lifetimes, and the reach is increased further at the high-luminosity LHC. The emerging jet search is also sensitive to a broad class of long-lived phenomena, and we show this for a supersymmetric model with R-parity violation. Possibilities...

Schwaller, Pedro; Weiler, Andreas

2015-01-01

171

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Professional development for teachers is the range of formal and informal processes and activities that teachers engage in both inside and outside of the school, in order to improve their teaching knowledge and skills. The ultimate goal of teacher professional development is improving student learning outcomes. Research indicates that teachers have control over many factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of their students. Therefore, professional development focusin...

Kayarkanni, Dr S.

2012-01-01

172

Teacher Page - Deutsch Klasse  

Science.gov (United States)

On this site you will find the resource needed to teach a German Level I Course. There are links below for lesson plans and a link to the student page. This page is an introductory page for the teacher. Below are four links that will provide teachers with additional resources to use in their classrooms. Teacher Page - Lesson Plans Teacher Page - Resources Student Page - Deutsch Klasse Student WebQuests ...

Frau Barlow

2009-11-02

173

Professionalize Sudanese Teachers’ Conception of Work through Action Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher action research is in the emergent stages in Sudanese schools and needs to be well disseminated and actively supported from the Ministry of education. Although the teacher-as-researcher movement has been in existence for some twenty years, there is a reason to think that the majority if not all, of Sudanese class teachers remain uninvolved. What lies behind their reluctance? This paper looks at the complexities in the role of a teacher engaging in action research. This includes the need to explore further the principles and practice of action research. This study puts forward explanations in four main areas: teachers’ perception of action research; teachers' professional status, teachers' confidence, and teachers' difficulty engaging in action research. For this purpose a workshop was held and representatives from seven Universities and 25 school teachers participated in a thorough discussion and further investigation was carried out based on the workshop discussion. The data was analyzed statistically and the results showed that the Sudanese teachers have no idea about action research it is not part of their culture as well as the institutions culture. Teachers are reluctant to do an action research and that due to the lack of knowledge which was an important factor. Teachers are not certain about the adequacy of doing an action research. There are other factors such as time and the over load. Based on these findings recommendations are drawn, it is suggested that classroom teaching is an all-demanding and all-involving task which is excluding of an activity as exacting as research. However, it is argued that with appropriate support more teachers may become involved in an action research.

Ishraga Bashir

2011-06-01

174

Teacher Center Responses to Teacher Needs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The intention of this article is to view specific means of meeting teacher needs through Maslow's multiple-factor theory of self-actualization. Under each of Maslow's five headings, a brief explanation of the use of the term and examples of teacher center services fitting under that heading are discussed. (Author)

Riley, Roberta D.; Mort, Ken

1981-01-01

175

English Teacher Education as Literacy Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the author's keynote address from the 2011 CEE Summer Conference at Fordham University in which he challenges educators to rethink what they do and how they do it. He talks about English teacher education as literacy teacher education. He tries to sketch a picture of the status quo and its limits, and an alternative picture…

Mayher, John S.

2012-01-01

176

Performance Pay for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

During the past few years, interest in shifting at least a portion of what teachers are paid away from a reliance on a traditional salary schedule to one that incorporates a pay for performance component has reached a new high. Proponents of the approach view it as a way to improve teacher quality by both motivating teachers and--through higher…

Protheroe, Nancy

2011-01-01

177

A program for teachers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The program developed by the Spanish Atomic Forum aimed at high school teachers' training to nuclear science information in schools and universities, is presented. The rationale of its development and its implementation is discussed: among various observations, it was found out that seminars where teachers from science and teachers from other disciplines were mixed, are of a better efficiency towards nuclear energy acceptance

178

Pupil Evaluation of Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation is concerned with (a) constructing a pupil evaluation of teachers (PET) scale, for use in grades 7-11, incorporating certain areas of teaching behavior, and affective pupil responses to teachers; and (b) using the scale as a source of feedback to both regular and student teachers. (Author)

Biggs, John; Chopra, Pran

1979-01-01

179

A really good art teacher would be like you, Mrs. C: A qualitative study of an artist -teacher and her artistically gifted middle school students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Employing Erickson's (1986) definition of teaching effectiveness as the social organization of classroom life, this study examines the year long teaching and learning experiences of a veteran artist-teacher and her artistically gifted middle school students. Two main themes emerge from this qualitative study: The teacher acts as a translator between the art world and her students' world; the teacher translates via a five stage curricular rhythm. The phases of this rhythm are: Image flood; ref...

Wolfe, Mary S.

1995-01-01

180

Using Drawings to Bridge the Transition from Student to Future Teacher of Mathematics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines a group of prospective teachers’ reflections upon the way they were taught (Set 1 and the way they want to teach (Set 2 through drawings which respectively describe their past learning experiences as students and their future plans as teachers. The purpose of this study is to identify: (a the emerging themes that appear in each set of drawing data, (b the possible factors that influence prospective teachers’ drawings, and (c the implications for mathematics teacher educators. Overall, prospective teachers showed predominantly negative or mixed feelings about their past experiences as mathematics students. In response to their own past negative experiences and struggles, the prospective teachers tended to highlight emotionally supportive classroom environment and versatile instructional teaching strategies in their future plans. This study suggests that this activity of reflecting past experience and planning future teaching assimilates prospective teachers’ identities as math students and math teachers and provides a window into the thinking of others.

Ji-Eun LEE

2014-03-01

 
 
 
 
181

Creating and Sustaining Urban Teacher Residencies: A New Way to Recruit, Prepare, and Retain Effective Teachers in High-Needs Districts  

Science.gov (United States)

Urban Teacher Residencies (UTRs) are an emerging innovation designed to embody best practices in recruitment, screening, preparation, placement, induction, and teacher leadership for urban school districts. UTRs can be a key element of urban districts' portfolio of pathways into teaching and a lynchpin of a larger strategy to strengthen the…

Berry, Barnett; Montgomery, Diana; Rachel, Curtis; Hernandez, Mindy; Wurtzel, Judy; Snyder, Jon

2008-01-01

182

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development for teachers is the range of formal and informal processes and activities that teachers engage in both inside and outside of the school, in order to improve their teaching knowledge and skills. The ultimate goal of teacher professional development is improving student learning outcomes. Research indicates that teachers have control over many factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of their students. Therefore, professional development focusing on effective classroom management will enhance a teacher's skills and performance in the classroom.

DR.S.KAYARKANNI

2012-04-01

183

Teaching grammer and writing: A beginning teacher's dilemma  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This longitudinal case study follows one high school English teacher’s path of concept development over a two-year period encompassing her student teaching and first year of full-time teaching, both at the same rural school in the southeastern United States. The authors use a sociocultural theoretical framework emerging from the work of Vygotsky to focus on the construction of activity settings and the ways in which settings help to shape concept development. In particular, the analysis fin...

Smagorinsky, P.; Wilson, Amy A.; Moore, C.

2011-01-01

184

Elementary science education: Dilemmas facing preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Prospective teachers are involved in a process of induction into a culture of teaching that has rules, or codes of conduct for engaging in teaching practice. This same culture of teaching exists within a larger culture of schooling that also has values and norms for behaviors, that over time have become institutionalized. Teacher educators are faced with the challenging task of preparing preservice teachers to resolve dilemmas that arise from conflicts between the pressure to adopt traditional teaching practices of schooling, or to adopt inquiry-based teaching practices from their university methods classes. One task for researchers in teacher education is to define with greater precision what factors within the culture of schooling hinder or facilitate implementation of inquiry-based methods of science teaching in schools. That task is the focus of this study. A qualitative study was undertaken using a naturalistic research paradigm introduced by Lincoln and Guba in 1985. Participant observation, interviews, discourse analysis of videotapes of lessons from the methods classroom and written artifacts produced by prospective teachers during the semester formed the basis of a grounded theory based on inductive analysis and emergent design. Unstructured interviews were used to negotiate outcomes with participants. Brief case reports of key participants were also written. This study identified three factors that facilitated or hindered the prospective teachers in this research success in implementing inquiry-based science teaching in their field placement classrooms: (a) the culture of teaching/teacher role-socialization, (b) the culture of schooling and its resistance to change, and (c) the culture of teacher education, especially in regards to grades and academic standing. Some recommendations for overcoming these persistent obstacles to best practice in elementary science teaching include: (a) preparing prospective teachers to understand and cope with change processes, (b) to understand the nature of teaching and schooling, and (c) to understand the nature of teacher education itself through explicit discourse about these topics. In addition, development of greater partnerships among university faculty and schools though Partnership School models and other community-building efforts can afford prospective teachers more opportunities to enter the discourse; perhaps even as change agents.

Sullivan, Sherry Elaine

185

Tecnologías emergentes en la educación: una experiencia de formación de docentes que fomenta el diseño de ambientes de aprendizaje / Technologies émergentes dans l'enseignement: une expérience de formation d'enseignants qui construit le panorama d'environnements d'apprentissage / Emerging technologies in education: a teacher training experience that encourages the design of learning environments  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este texto describe los resultados obtenidos en una experiencia de formación de docentes, que son estudiantes de la Maestría en Informática Educativa de la Universidad de La Sabana, dentro de la asignatura electiva Tecnologías Emergentes en la Educación, que cuyo objetivo es: "ofrecer al estudiante [...] un espacio de reflexión y conceptualización sobre las principales tecnologías emergentes (TE) y sus usos en la educación". Entre los principales resultados, se encuentra que los estudiantes analizaron, indagaron y reflexionaron sobre las siguientes TE: Computación en la Nube, Inteligencia Colectiva, Mashups de Datos, Webs en Colaboración y Redes sociales. Asimismo, propusieron definiciones desde el punto de vista académico de cada una de ellas y diseñaron ocho ambientes de aprendizaje que integran de forma pedagógica una o varias TE en diferentes contextos educativos. Abstract in english This paper describes the results of a teacher training experience with a group of students taking the elective Emerging Technologies in Education (in the Maestría en Informática Educativa course at Universidad de La Sabana), whose aim is to "offer students a space for reflection and conceptualizatio [...] n on main emerging technologies (ET) and their uses in education". Among the main results, we find that students analyze, investigate and reflect on the following ETs: Cloud Computing, Collective Intelligence, Data Mashups, Collaborative Webs and Social Networks. They also proposed definitions for each of these ETs from the academic point of view, and designed eight learning environments that integrate, in a pedagogical way, one or more ETs in different educational contexts.

Oscar Rafael, Boude Figueredo.

2013-06-01

186

Teacher Turnover and Teacher Quality: Refocusing the Issue. Trend 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), which provides national data on rates of teacher turnover and sources of supply of new teachers, helped dispel certain myths about U.S. teacher supply and demand and led to concerns over teacher quality instead of teacher shortages as the central staffing issue of the 1990s. (SM)

Baker, David P.; Smith, Thomas

1997-01-01

187

When Preservice Teachers Struggle or Fail: Mentor Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The activity of working with a preservice teacher during an internship is a complex and intensive one representing a huge investment on the part of mentor teachers. Given this, it is not surprising that the effects on mentor teachers when their preservice teachers struggle or fail would be complex. We began to question how preservice teacher

Siebert, Cathy J.; Clark, Amy; Kilbridge, Amy; Peterson, Heather

2006-01-01

188

Teachers’ Thought Processes: The Case of Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher’s behaviour is substantially influenced and even determined by teachers’ thought processes. Several studies concerning effectiveness in physical education have analysed various topics such as student engagement, curriculum time allocation, teaching methods, teacher behaviour, and teacher perceptions. However, these investigations have not applied the classroom research findings identified by other researchers. Firstly, this study explains the implied thoughts o...

Naila Bali

2013-01-01

189

Strengthening Teacher Education Program: Keys to Develop through Teacher Assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher performance assessment is a part of a global trend based on teacher education program. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the American Teacher Performance Assessment (TPA program, to identify some of the features in creating a system for pre-service teachers in developing countries, and to suggest an ideal TPA model for strengthening the teacher education program.

Tecnam Yoon

2014-05-01

190

New Teacher Perceptions of the "Teacher Leader" Movement  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored how untenured teachers define the concept of "teacher leadership" and how this understanding is evidenced in day-to-day practice. Results suggest that new teachers view "teacher leadership" as activities necessary for promotion to higher-level administrative roles. Much less consideration was given to the notion of teacher

Nolan, Barbara; Palazzolo, Laura

2011-01-01

191

Strengthening Teacher Education Program: Keys to Develop through Teacher Assessment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher performance assessment is a part of a global trend based on teacher education program. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the American Teacher Performance Assessment (TPA) program, to identify some of the features in creating a system for pre-service teachers in developing countries, and to suggest an ideal TPA model for strengthening the teacher education program.

Tecnam Yoon

2014-01-01

192

Emerging holography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We rederive AdS/CFT predictions for infrared two-point functions by an entirely four-dimensional approach, without reference to holography. This approach, originally due to Migdal in the context of QCD, utilizes an extrapolation from the ultraviolet to the infrared using a Pade approximation of the two-point function. We show that the Pade approximation and AdS/CFT give the same leading order predictions, and we discuss including power corrections such as those due to condensates of gluons and quarks in QCD. At finite order the Pade approximation provides a gauge invariant regularization of a higher dimensional gauge theory in the spirit of deconstructed extra dimensions. The radial direction of anti-de Sitter space emerges naturally in this approach

193

Abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforaintussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

194

Emergency Care of Children  

Science.gov (United States)

... their presenting problem. However, in some communities, some hospital emergency departments have elected not to provide pediatric services. These ... These pediatric emergency medicine specialists primarily staff emergency departments in ... hospitals. Q. What are emergency physicians doing to improve ...

195

Violence in public school: reports of teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To assess the perception of violence from the reports of teachers of elementary and high school in a public state school in Fortaleza, Ceará. Method: A qualitative descriptive study conducted with 26 teachers, in the period from January to May 2006. To collect the data we adopted the following procedures: the discussion on school violence during the meetings of the teacher training week; the reading of the school regulations and the distribution of an instrument with the guiding question about the concept of violence as from the school reality, among the participants of the study. Afterwards, the thematic analysis of the reports was carried out. Results: Through the reports of teachers emerged the following categories: physical aggression, verbal aggression and fights as the most cited; to hide personal belongings, cursing, shoving and disrespect for the teacher and pranks were also mentioned. Conclusion: From the reports it appears that violence is perceived in physical, dimension moral and symbolic, and these “typologies” corroborate the descriptions found in literature as bullying or incivility, which dominate the school context.

Renata Carneiro Ferreira

2010-03-01

196

Reaching the teachers  

CERN Multimedia

The fourth edition of CERN's High School Teachers programme welcomed 38 teachers to the Laboratory this July. For three weeks the teachers were immersed in the life of CERN, giving them a unique experience to take back to their classrooms.   Participants and organisers of the HST 2001 programme. The pupils of the teachers who attended the High School Teachers (HST) programme at CERN will notice a difference when they meet their teachers at the beginning of next term. They'll see a new-found enthusiasm in their eyes, and this will be thanks to the three weeks they spent at the Laboratory attending the summer students' lectures and working with other teachers from around the world. 'This experience fires you up again!,' explains Wim Peeters, a Belgian teacher at CERN for the second time. For many teachers of physics, university is a long time ago. Physics research has moved on, and there are many new things to learn. That's why CERN has the HST, so that teachers can mix with university students in ...

2001-01-01

197

Teacher led school-based surveillance can allow accurate tracking of emerging infectious diseases - evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys of febrile respiratory illness during the H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Schools are important foci of influenza transmission and potential targets for surveillance and interventions. We compared several school-based influenza monitoring systems with clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance, and assessed the variation in illness rates between and within schools. Methods During the initial wave of pandemic H1N1 (pdmH1N1) infections from June to Sept 2009 in Singapore, we collected data on nation-wide laboratory confirmed cases (Sch-LCC) and daily temperature monitoring (Sch-DTM), and teacher-led febrile respiratory illness reporting in 6 sentinel schools (Sch-FRI). Comparisons were made against age-stratified clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI) data from 23 primary care clinics (GP-ILI) and proportions of ILI testing positive for pdmH1N1 (Lab-ILI) by computing the fraction of cumulative incidence occurring by epidemiological week 30 (when GP-ILI incidence peaked); and cumulative incidence rates between school-based indicators and sero-epidemiological pdmH1N1 incidence (estimated from changes in prevalence of A/California/7/2009 H1N1 hemagglutination inhibition titers ? 40 between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic sera). Variation in Sch-FRI rates in the 6 schools was also investigated through a Bayesian hierarchical model. Results By week 30, for primary and secondary school children respectively, 63% and 79% of incidence for Sch-LCC had occurred, compared with 50% and 52% for GP-ILI data, and 48% and 53% for Sch-FRI. There were 1,187 notified cases and 7,588 episodes in the Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM systems; given school enrollment of 485,723 children, this represented 0.24 cases and 1.6 episodes per 100 children respectively. Mean Sch-FRI rate was 28.8 per 100 children (95% CI: 27.7 to 29.9) in the 6 schools. We estimate from serology that 41.8% (95% CI: 30.2% to 55.9%) of primary and 43.2% (95% CI: 28.2% to 60.8%) of secondary school-aged children were infected. Sch-FRI rates were similar across the 6 schools (23 to 34 episodes per 100 children), but there was widespread variation by classrooms; in the hierarchical model, omitting age and school effects was inconsequential but neglecting classroom level effects led to highly significant reductions in goodness of fit. Conclusions Epidemic curves from Sch-FRI were comparable to GP-ILI data, and Sch-FRI detected substantially more infections than Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM. Variability in classroom attack rates suggests localized class-room transmission. PMID:23206689

2012-01-01

198

Teacher led school-based surveillance can allow accurate tracking of emerging infectious diseases - evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys of febrile respiratory illness during the H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic in Singapore  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Schools are important foci of influenza transmission and potential targets for surveillance and interventions. We compared several school-based influenza monitoring systems with clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI surveillance, and assessed the variation in illness rates between and within schools. Methods During the initial wave of pandemic H1N1 (pdmH1N1 infections from June to Sept 2009 in Singapore, we collected data on nation-wide laboratory confirmed cases (Sch-LCC and daily temperature monitoring (Sch-DTM, and teacher-led febrile respiratory illness reporting in 6 sentinel schools (Sch-FRI. Comparisons were made against age-stratified clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI data from 23 primary care clinics (GP-ILI and proportions of ILI testing positive for pdmH1N1 (Lab-ILI by computing the fraction of cumulative incidence occurring by epidemiological week 30 (when GP-ILI incidence peaked; and cumulative incidence rates between school-based indicators and sero-epidemiological pdmH1N1 incidence (estimated from changes in prevalence of A/California/7/2009 H1N1 hemagglutination inhibition titers ? 40 between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic sera. Variation in Sch-FRI rates in the 6 schools was also investigated through a Bayesian hierarchical model. Results By week 30, for primary and secondary school children respectively, 63% and 79% of incidence for Sch-LCC had occurred, compared with 50% and 52% for GP-ILI data, and 48% and 53% for Sch-FRI. There were 1,187 notified cases and 7,588 episodes in the Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM systems; given school enrollment of 485,723 children, this represented 0.24 cases and 1.6 episodes per 100 children respectively. Mean Sch-FRI rate was 28.8 per 100 children (95% CI: 27.7 to 29.9 in the 6 schools. We estimate from serology that 41.8% (95% CI: 30.2% to 55.9% of primary and 43.2% (95% CI: 28.2% to 60.8% of secondary school-aged children were infected. Sch-FRI rates were similar across the 6 schools (23 to 34 episodes per 100 children, but there was widespread variation by classrooms; in the hierarchical model, omitting age and school effects was inconsequential but neglecting classroom level effects led to highly significant reductions in goodness of fit. Conclusions Epidemic curves from Sch-FRI were comparable to GP-ILI data, and Sch-FRI detected substantially more infections than Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM. Variability in classroom attack rates suggests localized class-room transmission.

Soh Shu E

2012-12-01

199

Current Issues in Teacher Autonomy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper provides a review of a selection of the literature in the field of English foreign language teaching related to teacher autonomy. The focus is on the core themes recurring in the literature, which comprise: rationale for teacher autonomy, definitions of the concept, descriptions of an autonomous teacher, recognition of the constraints on autonomy and suggestions for teacher education promoting teacher autonomy.

Wis?niewska, Danuta

2007-01-01

200

What We Should Teach Deaf Children: Deaf Teachers' Folk Models in Britain, the USA and Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

Deaf teachers around the world have folk models and beliefs that reflect their understanding of what deaf children need to learn in order to develop healthy identities as deaf people. In this research we report what teachers from England, the USA and Mexico have told us about using creative signing with deaf children. Themes emerging from our data…

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Ramsey, Claire

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

"I Need Instant Help": Assessing the Mentoring Needs of New Primary Head Teachers in Slovenia  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a peer mentoring program for new elementary school head teachers in Slovenia. First, the results of a preliminary needs assessment are reported, and the dissonance between new head teacher expectations and the realities of their work are described. We then present an overview of the two cross-cutting themes that emerged,…

Goddard, J. Tim; Erculj, Justina; Tranavcevic, Anita

2004-01-01

202

Legal Challenges to Teacher Evaluation: Pitfalls and Possibilities in the States  

Science.gov (United States)

This article forecasts potential legal problems emerging from the use of new teacher evaluation systems in the states. This research was a policy analysis that combined three types of data to forecast the states and the legal challenges they might encounter: state policy data, selected case law, and problems from the literature of teacher

Hazi, Helen M.

2014-01-01

203

Acting as Accountable Authors: Creating Interactional Spaces for Agency Work in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, relying on the sociocultural framework of learning, we report on the results of an ethnographically-grounded investigation of agency work among nine pre-service teachers: The main objective is to determine how agency emerges and is constructed in situated discourse practices within the context of a teacher education program embedded…

Lipponen, Lasse; Kumpulainen, Kristiina

2011-01-01

204

Developing Preservice Teachers' Global Understanding through Computer-Mediated Communication Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines preservice teachers' conceptual understanding of global education subsequent to participation in an asynchronous web-based multinational project to discuss issues related to cultural diversity and global challenges. Data included 59 preservice teachers' online messages and reflective essays. Six perspectives emerged from this…

Zong, Guichun

2009-01-01

205

Teacher Education for Inclusive Education in the Arab World: The Case of Jordan  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines teacher education programmes in the Arab region and the extent to which teachers are prepared to work in inclusive education settings. In the Arab world, the emerging area of inclusive education faces various challenges, among them a teaching force that is not adequately prepared to teach all children. This challenge arises…

Amr, Muna

2011-01-01

206

Preservice Social Studies Teachers' Historical Thinking and Digitized Primary Sources: What They Use and Why  

Science.gov (United States)

In this qualitative case study the authors explored secondary social studies preservice teachers' abilities to discern the digitized primary resources available to them for historical thinking instruction. The emerging analysis highlights the development of these young teachers' knowledge and understandings of digitized resources as they relate to…

Salinas, Cinthia; Bellows, M. Elizabeth; Liaw, H. Leonard

2011-01-01

207

"You Ain't My Daddy!": Black Male Teachers and the Politics of Surrogate Fatherhood  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent scholarship on male teachers across several national contexts has investigated the dilemmas of hegemonic masculinity for male educators while only recently beginning to examine race as a mediator of masculinity politics in teaching. Conversely, an emergent body of work on Black male teachers has centred analyses of race and culture, but has…

Brockenbrough, Ed

2012-01-01

208

The "Trainer in Your Pocket:" Mobile Phones within a Teacher Continuing Professional Development Program in Bangladesh  

Science.gov (United States)

Examples of mobile phones being used with teachers to provide continuing professional development (CPD) in emerging economies at scale are largely absent from the research literature. We outline English in Action's (EIA) model for providing 80,000 teachers with CPD to improve their communicative language teaching in Bangladesh over nine…

Walsh, Christopher S.; Power, Tom; Khatoon, Masuda; Biswas, Sudeb Kumar; Paul, Ashok Kumar; Sarkar, Bikash Chandra; Griffiths, Malcolm

2013-01-01

209

Introducing teachers and instructional developers to learning objects Four suggested shifts in prevailing discourse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Being convinced that the learning objects yields value creation promises for e-learning, the author, drawing on state-of-the art literature, his experience of two European projects dealing with learning objects and his experience as a teacher, documents 4 issues regarding teachers' awareness and acceptance of this emergent instructional design approach.

Verpoorten, Dominique

2007-01-01

210

Social Studies Teachers' Attitudes Concerning Controversial Public Issues Instruction and State Mandated Tests  

Science.gov (United States)

This transcendental phenomenological qualitative study examines attitudes toward Controversial Public Issue instruction by teachers who used mandated standards and state tests. After the interviews of 11 social studies teachers (high school, middle school and junior high) five distinct themes emerged in the study. Overall, participants execute…

Nance, Starlynn Raenae

2012-01-01

211

ICT Competency Standards for Teachers: Implementation Guidelines, Version 1.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the United National Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Competency Standards for Teachers (ICT-CST) project is to improve teachers' practice in all areas of a their work. By combining ICT skills with emergent views in pedagogy, curriculum, and school organization,…

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2008

2008-01-01

212

Teacher Leadership in (In)action: Three Case Studies of Contrasting Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher leadership is a concept that is gaining increasing interest from both practitioners and researchers. This article presents findings from three case studies in the UK that can be characterized as exhibiting developed, emergent and restricted teacher leadership. Differences and similarities between the schools were examined, leading us to…

Muijs, Daniel; Harris, Alma

2007-01-01

213

The Potential of Simulated Environments in Teacher Education: Current and Future Possibilities  

Science.gov (United States)

The future of virtual environments is evident in many fields but is just emerging in the field of teacher education. In this article, the authors provide a summary of the evolution of simulation in the field of teacher education and three factors that need to be considered as these environments further develop. The authors provide a specific…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Rodriguez, Jacqueline A.; Lignugaris/Kraft, Benjamin; Hynes, Michael C.; Hughes, Charles E.

2014-01-01

214

Elementary Teacher Education in Papua New Guinea: Towards a Culturally Connected Perspective of Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

Global and national agendas for quality education have led to reforms in Papua New Guinea's (PNG) elementary education, but criticism of the learner-centred Western pedagogies has emerged. One key influence on quality teacher education relates to perspectives of teaching. Existing research shows teachers' beliefs and perceptions of teaching…

Hahambu, Casper; Brownlee, Joanne M.; Petriwskyj, E. Anne

2012-01-01

215

Influence of Taoism on Teachers' Definitions of Guidance and Discipline in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines how Hong Kong secondary school teachers define caring and the strategies they adopt for behaviour management. The influence of Taoism, emerging as a theme from the data, was prominent, as its principles were incorporated into the teachers' knowledge of caring. The findings illuminate the influence of Taoism in local schools.…

Hue, Ming Tak

2010-01-01

216

Teachers and Bullying Developing a Deeper Understanding of Teachers' Perceptions of Teacher-to-Student Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Students report that teachers bully them, but a review of the literature indicates that little attention has been given to teacher-to-student bullying. This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate elementary teachers' perceptions of seriousness and their intent to intervene in teacher bullying incidents. Results indicated that teachers

Zerillo, Christine

2010-01-01

217

Quality Teacher Educators = Quality Teachers? Conceptualizing Essential Domains of Knowledge for Those Who Teach Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Becoming a teacher educator involves more than a job title. One becomes a teacher educator as soon as one does teacher education, but one's professional identity as a teacher educator is constructed over time. Developing an identity and practices in teacher education is best understood as a process of becoming. Though the work of teaching…

Goodwin, A. Lin; Kosnik, Clare

2013-01-01

218

Emerging memories  

Science.gov (United States)

Memory is a key component of any data processing system. Following the classical Turing machine approach, memories hold both the data to be processed and the rules for processing them. In the history of microelectronics, the distinction has been rather between working memory, which is exemplified by DRAM, and storage memory, exemplified by NAND. These two types of memory devices now represent 90% of all memory market and 25% of the total semiconductor market, and have been the technology drivers in the last decades. Even if radically different in characteristics, they are however based on the same storage mechanism: charge storage, and this mechanism seems to be near to reaching its physical limits. The search for new alternative memory approaches, based on more scalable mechanisms, has therefore gained new momentum. The status of incumbent memory technologies and their scaling limitations will be discussed. Emerging memory technologies will be analyzed, starting from the ones that are already present for niche applications, and which are getting new attention, thanks to recent technology breakthroughs. Maturity level, physical limitations and potential for scaling will be compared to existing memories. At the end the possible future composition of memory systems will be discussed.

Baldi, Livio; Bez, Roberto; Sandhu, Gurtej

2014-12-01

219

Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina entre 1882 y 1902 Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina between 1882 and 1902  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nacional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia de una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz.In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.

Marcela Vignoli

2011-08-01

220

Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina) entre 1882 y 1902 / Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina) between 1882 and 1902  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nac [...] ional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia de una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz. Abstract in english In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the [...] Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.

Marcela, Vignoli.

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
221

Teachers' orientations towards writing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study of 29 teachers from four states in the US investigated teachers' orientations towards writing and the influences on their beliefs. Through interviews about writing instruction, the researchers found significant differences between teachers in high and low-income schools. While teachers in high-income schools valued rhetorical style, developing voice, and reading-writing connections, teachers in low-income schools focused on grammar, mechanics and sentence structure. Teachers in high-income schools appear to be exercising more choice in curricular materials and valuing quality of writing beyond grammar and mechanics, whereas teachers in low-income schools are using specific curriculum mandated by the districts. Influences on teachers' orientations included school context, programs and materials, and assessments. The study raises concerns that students in low-income schools are missing out on authentic, challenging, and meaningful writing opportunities since the focus is on skills-based instruction. The findings point to the need for teachers to provide all students with opportunities to develop rhetorical style, voice, and reading-writing connections in addition to grammar, mechanics, and sentence structure.

Sarah J. McCarthey & Dumisile Mkhize

2013-06-01

222

Schooling for Gypsies' and Travellers' Children: Evaluating Innovation. Report of the European Teachers Seminar (35th, Donaueschingen, West Germany, May 18-23, 1987).  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers, teacher trainers, pedagogical counselors, and representatives of teachers associations and ministries from ten Council of Europe member states as well as from two non-member states met to evaluate innovation in the schooling of gypsy and traveller children. Considered were the conditions under which innovation emerges, the forms that it…

Liegeois, Jean-Pierre

223

Understanding foreign language teachers’ practical knowledge: What’s the role of prior language learning experience?  

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Full Text Available Teachers’ practical knowledge is considered as teachers’ general knowledge, beliefsand thinking (Borg, 2003 which can be traced in teachers’ practices (Connelly & Clandinin,1988 and shaped by various background sources (Borg, 2003; Grossman, 1990; Meijer,Verloop, and Beijard, 1999. This paper initially discusses how language teachers areinfluenced by three background sources: teachers’ prior language learning experiences, priorteaching experience, and professional coursework in pre- and in-service education. Bydrawing its data from the author’s longitidunal study, it also presents the findings of a crosscasetheme emerged from the investigation of three English as a foreign language (EFLteachers’ prior language learning experiences. The paper also discusses how the participationin studies on teachers’ knowledge raises teachers’ own awareness while it informs theresearch.

Sibel Ar?o?ul

2007-04-01

224

21ST CENTURY TEACHER EDUCATOR  

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Full Text Available Teaching today is no longer a craft passed on without change from one generation to the next. Teaching as one has seen teaching done, or teaching as one has been taught is the trend of the day. Teacher education is a tentacle in the educational system which has policies and procedures designed to equip prospective teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school and wider community. The main function of teacher education is to develop professionalism in the teacher trainees. The enhancement of teacher quality and professionalism of teachers is in the hands of the teacher educators. Who is a Teacher Educator.? A simple answer would be anyone who educates teachers. In this paper the author has defined a Teacher Educator as one who provides formal instruction and conduct research and development for educating prospective and practicing teachers. Teacher educators provide the professional education component of pre-service programs and the staff development component of in-service programs. The paper discusses the standards for teacher educators set by Association of Teacher Educators, Virgina, USAand its relevance to Indian teacher educators. Some of the areas discussed are teaching, cultural competence, professional development, program development, research etc ,. A more systemic orchestrated approach to selection, preparation, and renewal of teacher educators is the need of the hour. Teacher educators should explore new options for determining their roles and how those roles in working with teacher candidates are to be defined.

JACQUELINE KAREEM

2013-05-01

225

Occupational Stress among Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies were conducted to investigate the degree to which occupational stress among teachers could be attributed to personal characteristics of the individuals themselves. The first study developed dispositional stress scales. The second examined correlations between these scales, occupational stress scales, and teachers' attitudes toward…

Albertson, Larry M.; Kagan, Dona M.

1987-01-01

226

Teachers Behaving Badly.  

Science.gov (United States)

Incivility by teachers can turn into behavior that injures careers. Workplace "mobbing" or bullying begins when an individual becomes the target of disrespectful and harmful behavior. Recounts experiences of two teachers. Offers suggestions to school leaders to stop this incivility. (MLF)

Waggoner, Chuck

2003-01-01

227

Motivation innovation future teacher  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article is devoted to the study of motivation innovation of future teachers. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Philology and the Faculty of Physical Education and Safety CSPU. We used data from a survey 247 students of 4–5 courses, the aim of which was to study the motives that impel prospective teachers to engage in innovative activities.

Vera Elagina; Elena Nemydraya

2013-01-01

228

Engaged to the Teacher  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A high school teacher surveys her students about what engages them in the classroom. She discovers that her students are authorities on engagement and that her ideas about how to engage students do, for the most part, correspond with theirs. It seems that the relationship between teacher and student is at the heart of student engagement.

Louise Jarrett

2007-01-01

229

Teachers in Class  

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In this article, I argue for a closer read of the daily "class work" of teachers, as posited by Reay, 1998. In developing exploratory class portraits of four teachers who occupy distinctive social positions (two from working-class homes now teaching upper-middle-class children and two from upper-middle-class homes now teaching poor children), I…

Van Galen, Jane

2008-01-01

230

Children as Art Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

A goal of art learning is always independence, for everyone to become their own art teacher. Teaching for artistic independence can never start too early. As art teachers, children acquire confidence in their art, and in coming to school as artists. Children should be considered artists in residence and visiting artists in schools. It makes sense…

Szekely, George

2011-01-01

231

SCIS Teacher's Handbook.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's handbook provides information about the philosophy, rationale, and teaching strategies of the Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS) program, as well as information about the SCIS physical and life science sequences to provide teachers with an understanding of the program's overall content and structure. Much of the material in…

Karplus, Robert, Comp.; Lawson, Chester A., Comp.

232

Teachers with Drive  

Science.gov (United States)

For students in U.S. classrooms today, the odds of being assigned to an inexperienced teacher are higher than they have ever been because so many teachers, some in the top 20 percent of effectiveness are leaving the classroom in their first five years. Coggins and Diffenbaugh turn to Daniel Pink's work on drive to determine how to motivate…

Coggins, Celine; Diffenbaugh, P. K.

2013-01-01

233

The Interpersonal Teacher Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tuckman Teacher Feedback Form identifies five interpersonal teaching factors and styles: organized (managerial), dynamic (charismatic), flexible (laissez-faire), warm/accepting (personable), and creative (imaginative). The feedback generated can help student teachers adjust teaching style prior to service. (SK)

Tuckman, Bruce W.

1995-01-01

234

Consistency in Teachers' Judgments  

Science.gov (United States)

Professional teachers at first stage of secondary school were asked to assess the relative weights of five dimensions that in Italy must be considered when the final grades of students are decided. The teachers were also asked to give an overall evaluation of two samples of "typical" (i.e., students who record similar performances on all the…

Canal, Luisa; Bonini, Nicolao; Micciolo, Rocco; Tentori, Katya

2012-01-01

235

The teacher under stress  

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Full Text Available Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stress in teachers can have negative effects on school as an organization teacher professional achievement, his/her and his/her family psychosocial status. The most frequent symptoms of a prolonged professional stress are anxiety, depression, frustration, unfriendly behavior towards students and colleagues, emotional weariness, and extreme tension. Health and psychological problems cause, most frequently, the reduction of self-esteem job dissatisfaction, job resignation, absenteeism, and wrong decision-making. In an attempt to call professional public attention to negative effects of stress on the outcomes of teacher work, we have analyzed four important aspects of stress teachers experience in their everyday work (a definition and measurement of stress, (b distribution and sources of stress (problem behaviors in students, poor working conditions, lack of time, poor school ethos, (c teacher personality traits (sex, age, work experience, locus of control, job satisfaction, intention to resign absenteeism, (d strategies for overcoming and reducing negative effects of stress (direct action techniques, palliative techniques.

Krnjaji? Stevan B.

2003-01-01

236

Inventing Teacher-Writers  

Science.gov (United States)

K-12 teachers are often encouraged to develop their own writing projects and practices, in order to enrich their writing pedagogy and share knowledge with other educators. Yet, in pursuing their own writing, teachers face a number of constraints, not the least of which is limited time. These constraints may be particularly salient for beginning…

Dawson, Christine

2011-01-01

237

Emotionally intelligent teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article, we describe the importance of complementing teachers’ training with the learning and development of social and emotional aspects. It is in this way that Emotional Intelligence (EI –understood as a complement of the cognitive development of teachers and students– is to play a role in the educational context. We review Mayer & Salovey’s ability model (1997, some of the programmes of socio-emotional improvement that are also designed for teachers and several activities for the development of teachers’ EI. In addition, we examine the implications for teachers derived from the development of their EI to enhance their capacity to appropriately perceive, understand and manage one’s own emotions and those of others.

Rosario Cabello

2010-04-01

238

Principal's Leader Power, Teacher Empowerment, Teacher Compliance and Conflict.  

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Investigates the relationship among principal leadership power; teacher empowerment; teacher compliance; and conflict within self, with peers, and with the principal, based on a survey of 250 teachers. Factor analysis and regression analysis revealed a strong association for expert power and referent power with each conflict dimension and teacher

Johnson, Patsy E.; Short, Paula M.

1998-01-01

239

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

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In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers' and principals' expectations and perceptions related to teachers' leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazari, one of the two central municipalities in Eskisehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of…

Kiranh, Semra

2013-01-01

240

Teacher Leadership Development in PDSs: Perceptions of 22 Veteran Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there is no common definition for teacher leadership, the concept is continually advanced as a key component for both the success of schools and professionalization of teachers. Many view teacher leadership as specific administrative roles while others view it as any opportunity in which teachers contribute to the decision-making process.…

Cosenza, Michael N.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Good Teaching Matters, Teachers Matter, and Teacher Education Matters  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper was the keynote address at the June 6, 2012 Occidental College completion ceremony for new teachers completing their teacher credential program. This occasion was momentous because it was the final new teacher graduation that Occidental College would hold, due to the previously announced closure of the teacher preparation program by the…

Gordon, Lynn Melby

2012-01-01

242

Teacher Control and Affiliation: Do Students and Teachers Agree?  

Science.gov (United States)

Using an interpersonal circumplex model, we examined whether teachers and students in secondary education apply a similar frame of reference when thinking about how a teacher relates to students. We also examined the alignment of teacher and student perceptions of two dimensions of the teacher-student relationship: Control and Affiliation. Results…

Brekelmans, Mieke; Mainhard, Tim; den Brok, Perry; Wubbels, Theo

2011-01-01

243

Parent Teacher Education Connection: Preparing Preservice Teachers for Family Engagement  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the Parent Teacher Education Curriculum, a Web-based curriculum focused on instructing teachers about best practices in family involvement and assesses its impact on the knowledge and attitudes of preservice teachers related to family involvement. Pre- and post-measures of preservice teacher candidate knowledge of and…

Brown, Amber L.; Harris, Mary; Jacobson, Arminta; Trotti, Judy

2014-01-01

244

Improving Teacher Performance: Toward a Theory of Teacher Motivation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite a century-long history of teacher-incentive programs in the United States, discovering what matters to teachers and how best to motivate them remains a complex puzzle. This paper features a literature review that investigates the motivational dimension of teacher performance and constructs a theory of teacher motivation. The paper…

Ozcan, Mustafa

245

Training English Language Student Teachers to Become Reflective Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Reflective teaching practice has become a central theme in professional growth at the pre-service teacher education level almost everywhere. English language teaching (ELT) teacher trainers, like any other teacher trainers, have a powerful role to play in fostering reflection in their student teachers through the approaches and strategies they…

Al-Issa, Ali; Al-Bulushi, Ali

2010-01-01

246

Teacher Development in Action: Understanding Language Teachers' Conceptual Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation, and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change. (Contains…

Kubanyiova, Magdalena

2012-01-01

247

How Vocational Teachers Describe Their Vocational Teacher Identity  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the current demands of Swedish vocational education and the withdrawal of the requirement for formal teacher competence in vocational subject teachers, the aim of this article is to develop knowledge of what it means to be a vocational subject teacher in an upper secondary school, i.e. how vocational subject teachers describe their…

Köpsén, Susanne

2014-01-01

248

Teacher talk about science: An examination of the constructed understanding of science held by four elementary school teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The elementary school teacher's personal understanding of science has not been a primary focus of consideration in educational reform discussions. This study examines how four elementary school teachers have constructed their personal understanding of science. The purpose of this study is to explore core understandings about science held by these teachers, and to examine the origins of these ideas. This study assumes that a teacher's understanding of science is unique and constructed on personal experiences affected by influences. This study further explores the relationship of the teachers understanding to the school's stated curriculum. The theoretical framework of this research recognizes three guiding assumptions: science exists as a set of ideas that have developed over time through competing discourses; the teacher plays an important role in the implementation of the science curriculum; and the guiding influences of a teacher's understanding of science are associated with power that emerges from discourse. The methodology in this qualitative study is closely associated with narrative inquiry. Data collection methods include a questionnaire, focus group sessions, and individual interviews. Teachers' stories were collected through collaborative interview opportunities between the researcher and the participants. The findings are presented through the narratives of the four teachers, and are organized through the guiding influences, and talk related to the stated science curriculum. The teachers' talk can be categorized by three broad guiding influences: family, education, and an image of science. The talk related to the stated curriculum illustrates both conflicts, and a relationship between the teachers' understanding of science and the curriculum. The finding of this study provides evidence that each teacher's understanding of science is unique and developed over time. Additionally, this understanding plays a role in how the stated curriculum is discussed and understood. This investigation recommends that teachers' personal understanding of science, as revealed through narrative inquiry, becomes a focus in developing new educational opportunities for elementary school teachers. This study further recommends challenging a hegemony related to positivism that exists in science curricula, and the addition of the valued voice of elementary teachers to the discourse of science education.

Price, Robert John

249

Invention, Convention, and Intervention: Invented Spelling and the Teacher's Role.  

Science.gov (United States)

Highlights the teacher's critical role in spelling instruction and provides examples of how to support spelling development in classrooms. Argues that educators need to look closely at children's emerging capacities as writers, focusing especially on the issue of invented spelling, and its use and misuse in classroom practices. (SG)

Sipe, Lawrence R.

2001-01-01

250

Course Delivery: Keystones of Effective Special Education Teacher Preparation  

Science.gov (United States)

In this review of the literature, the authors examined studies investigating course delivery methods for preparing special education teachers. Ultimately, 17 studies were reviewed using a constant comparative qualitative method of analysis. This analysis led to the emergence of five themes: (a) established needs, (b) effectiveness, (c) logistics,…

Vernon-Dotson, Lisa J.; Floyd, Loury O.; Dukes, Charles; Darling, Sharon M.

2014-01-01

251

Preschool Children's Mathematical Knowledge: The Effect of Teacher "Math Talk"  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relation between the amount of mathematical input in the speech of preschool or day-care teachers and the growth of children's conventional mathematical knowledge over the school year. Three main findings emerged. First, there were marked individual differences in children's conventional mathematical knowledge by 4 years of…

Klibanoff, Raquel S.; Levine, Susan C.; Huttenlocher, Janellen; Vasilyeva, Marina; Hedges, Larry V.

2006-01-01

252

Teaching Grammar and Writing: A Beginning Teacher's Dilemma  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal case study follows one high school English teacher's path of concept development over a two-year period encompassing her student teaching and first year of full-time teaching, both at the same rural school in the southeastern United States. The authors use a sociocultural theoretical framework emerging from the work of Vygotsky…

Smagorinsky, Peter; Wilson, Amy Alexandra; Moore, Cynthia

2011-01-01

253

On Becoming a Language Teacher: Insights from Diary Studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the results of an analysis of diaries of novice English-as-a-Second-Language teachers. General themes that emerged were novices' early preoccupations with their own teaching behavior, transfer and rejection of teaching skills used in the novice's own second-language learning, discoveries about effective teaching, and continued teaching…

Numrich, Carol

1996-01-01

254

Second Language Teacher Education: Review of Recent Research on Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Second language teacher education (SLTE) has undergone considerable change over the past 25 years. The question of how language teaching is learnt and how programmes of professional preparation can contribute to this process now elicits quite different answers. A new agenda of theory and practice has emerged as SLTE has incorporated many of the…

Wright, Tony

2010-01-01

255

The Secret to Finland's Success: Educating Teachers. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last decade, Finland has emerged as the leading OECD country in educational achievement. In examining the sources of Finland's dramatic rise to the top, research shows one key element that has impacted Finland's success above all others: excellent teachers. This policy brief details the key elements of Finland's successful system, examining…

Sahlberg, Pasi

2010-01-01

256

The Intersection of Policy, Reform, and Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Policy affecting teacher education evolves from a wide range of sources, including public perceptions and attitudes, federal initiatives, current trends in public schools and higher education, the visions and whims of politicians, and the profession's own initiatives. No matter how it emerges, it is not unusual for policy ebbs and flows to result…

Wiseman, Donna L.

2012-01-01

257

Teachers' Organisations and Their Role in Teachers Welfare  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper is aimed at to acquaint regarding teachers organizations and their role inteacher welfare. Teachers' organization has to play decisive role in back drop of therecent educational reforms. The role of teachers' organizations in fosteringprofessionalism and initiating teachers into social action can hardly is overemphasizedgiven the key position that the teacher holds in a society. The obligations whichconstitute the academic ethics are not the same as a comprehensive code of conduct foruniversity teachers in all spheres of life. A working of the teachers' organizations in Indiareveals that they have addressed themselves to fulfilling union-type functions.

Bijendr Pradhan

2012-07-01

258

Constructing constructivism: The voyage of elementary science teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how participation in a professional development institute, which provided a constructivist learning environment affected the interactions between teachers and students in elementary science classrooms. The investigation considered teacher gender and experience, and also compared the less experienced participants with their non-participating mentors. A multiple case study design was utilized. Six self-selected teachers participated. Data was gathered through videotaped observations of science lessons and audiotaped teacher interviews. The research was guided by the following questions: (1) How do teachers perceive changes in their own teaching as a result of participation in a two week professional development institute using constructivist strategies? (2) How do teachers' perceptions of the changes in their teaching as a result of the summer institute measure against what is seen during the observations? (3) Are the teaching strategies of the less experienced participating teachers distinguishable from the strategies used by the non-participating teachers who were judged similar in style prior to the institute, but did not attend the institute? (4) Do differences emerge based on length of teaching experience? This study revealed some interesting findings: (1) results based on gender indicated that the women in the study interacted approximately twice as often as the men; (2) a marked difference existed between the interactions of TASK participants compared with the interactions of the non-TASK participants; and (3) a professional development experience that provides a constructivist learning environment for participants may be effective in helping teachers to transfer the experience to their classrooms or in reinforcing and validating teachers' current practices.

Freed, Andrea Beth

259

Emergency Medical Services  

Science.gov (United States)

... need help right away, you should use emergency medical services. These services use specially trained people and ... emergencies, you need help where you are. Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, do specific rescue jobs. They ...

260

The Language Teacher’s Role in the Age of the Internet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Internet can have a strong influence on students learning the Japanese language in Slovenia, as well as in other parts of Europe. Almost all freshmen have come into contact with Japanese pop culture via the Internet. The aim of this paper is to discuss the teacher’s role in overcoming certain problems associated with learning the Japanese language in the age of the Internet. First, looking at a general survey of the current situation surrounding teaching Japanese language in Slovenia, we identify the advantages and disadvantages of using the Internet when learning the language. However, the disadvantages of the Internet that lead to learner problems are, in fact, the problems that we also face in daily communication. So, as a teacher, I propose following three strategies to lead the learner: first, let the learner’s interests stimulate him to explore a wider and deeper world; second, lead the learner to reconstruct his world; and third, lead the learner to self expression so that he can be understood by the listener and improve his communication skills. Such are teacher’s strategies for interactive communication based on individual standpoint versus a world view, which has emerged in teaching Japanese language when the learner seeks language skills not solely for practical purposes as in Slovenia. Considering this, I additionally propose for Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR ideology that those strategies aim to achieve “an expertise of the relationship with the Other” (Zarate, Gohard-Radenkovic, Lussier, & Penz. 2004, p. 11.

Nagisa MORITOKI

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
261

Developing teachers' social and emotional competence: a humanistic psychology perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The social and emotional competences of teachers have a notable influence on the type of teaching that is carried out and on the type of relationships that are built in the classroom. Training teachers in personal aspects is a current urging need. Since the end of the last century there have a great deal of enriching research, courses and publications on teachers' emotional and social intelligence. From the point of view of training, this article presents some limitations of certain emerging proposals. Next, an alternative is proposed, based on the principles of humanistic psychology and promoting the development of five attitudes directly related to the teacher's emotional and social competence: phenomenological disposition, autonomy, responsibility, criteria independence and cooperative disposition. Finally, some the possible shortcomings and negative aspects of the proposed model are discussed, highlighting the need to further investigate the efficiency and relevance of training proposals such as the one presented here in order to increase their social impact.

Pablo Palomero Fernández

2009-08-01

262

Development environmental attitude of prospective science teachers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the last three decades or so, we have witnessed the growing concern of human beings, all over the world, to adopt measures to conserve and preserve environment of the planet earth, because the same has been threatened by human activity and by way of our unparalleled intervention in the otherwise balanced environment. This awareness and concern has emerged as a need of incorporating environmental Issues into the normal curricula, so that we can educate the young generation to become informed decision-makers of the future. UNESCO and UNEP have advocated (since the last three decades) to teach environmentalised science to students. In Pakistan, there have been attempts to change curricula in accordance with the need of the time. Teachers need new kinds of skills, attitudes and commitment to teach science in an environmentalised fashion. This article discusses the impact of a semester-course on change in environmental attitudes of prospective science-teachers. A pre-test, post-test method was used to ascertain any change in environmental attitude of prospective science-teachers, after studying the environmental education course. It has been shown that there was a change in the environmental attitude of science-teachers as a result of the one-semester course, but the change or the level of attitude was not substantial or satisfactory. There seems to be a need of adopting a comprehensive approach to environmental education, and introducing teaching of environmental cod introducing teaching of environmental concepts at a very early age. (author)

263

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers’ and principals’ expectations and perceptions related to teachers’ leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazar?, one of the two central municipalities in Eski?ehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of eight primary schools were taken as a sample among low, middle, high socio-economic level primary schools in Odunpazar?. 195 teachers and pri...

Semra K?ranl?

2013-01-01

264

Teachers' Organisations and Their Role in Teachers Welfare  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper is aimed at to acquaint regarding teachers organizations and their role inteacher welfare. Teachers' organization has to play decisive role in back drop of therecent educational reforms. The role of teachers' organizations in fosteringprofessionalism and initiating teachers into social action can hardly is overemphasizedgiven the key position that the teacher holds in a society. The obligations whichconstitute the academic ethics are not the same as a comprehensive code of conduct f...

Bijendr Pradhan

2012-01-01

265

IN-SERVICE TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMME : TEACHERS' PERCEPTION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher education – both pre-service and in-service is responsible for developing quality teaching work-force. It is generally observed that the quality of pre-service teacher education is low. It does not equip prospective teachers with requisite knowledge, skills and attitudes to perform effectively in their work-situation.So,in-service education of teachers is considered to be key aspect of school improvement efforts. The training, retraining and updating of teachers are ...

Suman Dala; Neetu Sharma, N. N.

2014-01-01

266

More than "Just" a Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Most teachers often pass themselves off as "just" teachers, when in truth they are so much more. Teacher, adviser, consultant, confidante, manager, leader, partner, collaborator, role model, councillor, researcher, learner, friend. Of course, in the 21st-century education system teachers are expected to carry out roles well beyond "just"…

Bianchi, Lynne

2011-01-01

267

Coaching Teachers-in-Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the implementation effects of a program for teaching coaching skills to Dutch primary school teachers acting as supervising or cooperating teachers for teachers-in-training are described. Coaching is a form of in-class support intended to provide teachers-in-training with feedback on their functioning and, thereby, stimulate…

Veenman, Simon; Gerrits, Jacqueline; Kenter, Jacqueline

268

Regulating Collaboration in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaboration in teacher education can be seen as a way to prepare student teachers for future social practices at school. When people collaborate with each other, they have to regulate their collaboration. In the Dutch teacher education programme that was investigated, student teachers were members of different types of groups, each of which had…

Dobber, Marjolein; Akkerman, Sanne F.; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan D.

2014-01-01

269

National Teacher Recruitment Clearinghouse  

Science.gov (United States)

Founded in 1986, the Recruiting New Teachers organization is driven by their mission, which is “to raise esteem for teaching, expand the pool of qualified teachers, and improve the nation’s teacher recruitment, development, and diversity policies and practices.” It is certainly a tall order, and one that maintaining the National Teacher Recruitment Clearinghouse site helps fulfill. With a site that is both visually legible and user-friendly, visitors can learn about current issues facing teachers from the homepage, and also search for a teaching job using a simple search engine. Those who might be not currently in the profession should look over the “Interested in Teaching?” section. Here they can learn about taking the first step towards becoming a teacher, whether they are a college student or someone just looking for a career change. Additionally, the site contains a section titled “Successful Teaching”, which contains important classroom tips and information on how to manage the transition from a teacher preparation program to the classroom.

270

Non-native Chinese Foreign Language (CFL) Teachers: Identity and Discourse  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Native Chinese foreign language (CFL) teacher identity is an emerging subject of research interest in the teacher education. Yet, limited study has been done on the construction of Non-native CFL teachers in their home culture. Guided by a concept of teacher identity-in-discourse, the paper reports on a qualitative study that explores how three Non-native CFL teachers construct their teacher identity as they interact with Danish students while teaching CFL at one Danish university. Data collected from in-depth interviews over a period of two years show that the Non-native CFL teachers face tensions and challenges in constructing their identities as CFL teachers, and the tensions and challenges that arose from Danish teaching culture could influence the Non-native CFL teachers' contributions to CFL teaching in their home cultures. The findings further show that in order to cope with the tensions and challenges, the Non-native CFL teachers create an alternative space in ways that enable them to construct their identities as Non-native CFL teachers.

Zhang, Chun

271

Excellent emergency medicine educators adapt teaching methods to learner experience level and patient acuity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: This study investigates whether instructional methods used by excellent emergency medicine residency teachers change with changing conditions of learner level of training, patient acuity and department census. Methods: Four excellent, purposively selected, emergency medicine teachers consented to participate in this non-participant observational study. Teachers were observed for 32 hours in the emergency department, using a structured observation form focused on: teaching methods used, context learner level of training, emergency department patient census and patients' illness severity. Data was analyzed qualitatively using constant comparative analysis. Results: Fifteen (15 categories of teaching methods were observed. The 4 most frequently observed methods were: Questioning (used in 47of teaching encounters, Advice Giving (33, Limited Teaching Points (31 and Patient Updates (22. Patient Updates were more often used with senior residents. Multiple methods were used in most encounters. Teaching methods did not vary significantly with increased emergency department volume, but faculty and residents relied more heavily on a single method of teaching per encounter as patient acuity increased to Triage levels One and Two. Conclusions: Excellent emergency medicine teachers teaching methods were classified into 15 categories. They typically rely heavily on four methods, adapting to resident training level and patient illness severity, rather than patient volume. The observed teaching methods provide teachers who have high clinical productivity expectations and/or demanding emergency care settings with an enriched repertoire of teaching strategies.

Kristi H. Grall

2013-05-01

272

Teacher Leaders Network  

Science.gov (United States)

The Teacher Leaders Network (TLN) is an independent, web-based network of experienced, leading, and award-winning teachers who have achieved success as authors, professional developers, trained mentors, policy consultants, and community leaders. This virtual community participates in daily online discussions that explore and debate the merits of educational policies, techniques, and philosophies. Materials available at the TLN web site include weblogs in which members share their experience and insights; links to resources for teacher leadership, coaching and mentoring, education policy, and other topics; links to news articles and publications; and information on the organization's sponsors, funding, and partners.

273

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decis [...] ion-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Cassie, Swanepoel.

2008-02-01

274

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Cassie Swanepoel

2008-02-01

275

Monterey Bay Aquarium Teachers & Kids  

Science.gov (United States)

Education page with resources for teachers and students. Teacher's Place has teacher professional development opportunities such as Wetlands Teacher Institute and Teacher Open House, a quarterly electronic educator newsletter, and hands-on elementary level classroom activities. Subjects include: kelp forests, sea otters, sharks, tide pools, and penguins. Kid's Corner has games and activities, aquarium career information, summer programs, web cams, and animal field guides.

276

Emerging Technologies for Hire  

Science.gov (United States)

When they assign projects, teachers often have exact end-products in mind and specific tools for students to use to get there. By considering the power of today's technology, teachers can encourage students to use these new tools in new ways. Often those end products are beyond what anyone imagined.

Dyck, Brenda A.

2010-10-01

277

Physics Teacher Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

Physics Teacher Quality at Angelo State University (ASU) and Education Service Center Region XV is funded through a US Department of Education grant. In this program secondary science teachers from local and rural districts within Region XV learn and practice physics and principles of technology concepts emphasized in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), improve practice of 5E model of guided inquiry, and complete activity-based laboratories and field investigations. Investigations include field and laboratory safety, environmental responsibility, ethical practices, application of scientific methods to open-ended problems encountered in the physical sciences, and critical thinking and problem solving. Teachers are assessed through pre- and post- testing, lab practicum, and classroom observation over a two-year cycle. Assessment data from 2004 through 2008 indicates Physics Teacher Quality is changing teaching behavior in the secondary classroom.

Wallace, Andrew; Bixler, David

2010-03-01

278

Letter to a Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

... This activity can lead to a more accepting attitude of differences among people. Also, if there appears ... their classmates at this time is also helpful. Teachers of older children might have the class make ‘ ...

279

Wind Energy Teachers Guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This guide, created by the American Wind Association, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, is a learning tool about wind energy targeted toward grades K-12. The guide provides teacher information, ideas for sparking children's and students' interest, suggestions for activities to undertake in and outside the classroom, and research tools for both teachers and students. Also included is an additional resources section.

anon.

2003-01-01

280

Teacher – parents communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This diploma paper shows the meaning of communication as the basis of relationship between people, and its meaning in the teacher – parent relationship. In the beginning I present the facts of communication and its rules and I follow with the importance of communication between teacher and parents. This communication represents the main topic as it is very important for a more quality life of children within a family and school. I emphasise the meaning and value of effective communicati...

Grilj, Alenka

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

'ICTs' IN TEACHER EDUCATION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Education in the Indian region faces a number of problems. These problems include the shortage of qualified teachers, very large student populations, high drop-out rates of students and teachers, and weak curriculum. All of these negative aspects result in poor delivery of education. The education crisis is worsened by the devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, increasing poverty, a brain drain in the teaching community, budgetary constraints, poor communication, and inadequa...

Girdhar lal Sharma

2012-01-01

282

Teachers and nuclear energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aims of the seminar were: to exchange national experience in informing and assisting teachers in the nuclear field, and to determine the conditions for improving the effectiveness of these programmes; to develop an international understanding on the basic training and information requirements to assist secondary-school teachers in discussing nuclear energy in an appropriately wide and balanced context at school; to study the respective contributions of national authorities, industry and relevant institutes in this endeavour

283

Training and informing teachers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear Electric operates 12 nuclear plants in England and Wales. Through the Visitors Centres attached to these power stations and complementary national initiatives, the company is able to provide a broad ranging educational programme for teachers and pupils. The company's policy and its education programme (books, visits, conference, events,...) are detailed from the perspective of both teachers and pupils. An evaluation of the education programme at Visitor Centres is under way and is already identifying new initiatives for the company to explore

284

Teachers' victimization-related beliefs and strategies: associations with students' aggressive behavior and peer victimization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although teachers are often called upon to reduce children's bullying and aggression, little is known regarding teachers' responses to students' harassment of peers or the beliefs which may inform their response strategies. To address this limitation, data were collected from 170 6th- and 7th-grade teachers (33 men; 137 women) and 2,938 (1,413 girls; 1,525 boys) of their students. Teachers beliefs regarding peer victimization were predictive of their efforts to advice victims how to cope with peer harassment. In particular, teachers who held more normative views of peer victimization were less likely to report reprimanding aggressive students and were more likely to utilize passive response strategies. Specific links emerged between teachers' beliefs and strategies and classroom-levels of aggression and peer victimization in the fall and in the spring, as well as changes in students' aggressive behavior and victimization over the course of the school year. Implications for intervention are discussed. PMID:24362767

Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Ladd, Gary W

2015-01-01

285

Pre-Requisites of Pre-Service Secondary Teacher Education Programme in Jharkhand: An Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The fundamental basis of the curriculum, critical andragogical input, availability of time period, modern and innovative transactional approaches and qualitative evaluation process in the prescribed curriculum, infrastructural facilities as well as the teacher composition are considered to be the quality indicators of teacher education programme. The study was delimited to colleges (both private and government having attached B.Ed. wing under Kolhan University. By utilizing both qualitative and quantitative techniques the relevant data were collected in terms of intended curriculum, infrastructural facilities and teacher composition. Subsequently it was revealed that the secondary teacher education programme of Kolhan University was more or less a knowledge transmission model inefficient to foster prospective teachers as a facilitator of pupil’s learning in varied socio-cultural contexts. The present research contrives necessary measures to evolve a quality teacher education programme which may be capable of meeting the emerging challenges of secondary education in Jharkhand.

Shilpi Kumari

2013-08-01

286

Experiences and practices of international mathematics and science teachers in urban high schools  

Science.gov (United States)

There is an emerging phenomenon of international teachers teaching in the US public schools. This study intended to understand this phenomenon. In this research, six math and science teachers from India, Nigeria, Turkey, and China were interviewed. Their classrooms were also observed and their administrators were interviewed. The analysis was performed through grounded theory principles. The findings revealed important social and professional differences between international teachers and their American counterparts. This study also identified intervening factors explaining the challenges and strengths of the international teachers, in addition to contextual reasons such as student and school profile. The strengths and challenges of international teachers shaped the nature of their interactions with the students, other teachers, parents, and administrators.

Kumek, Yunus

287

Competence analysis of dance teacher‘s as leisure organizer‘s  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The object: dance teacher‘s as leisure organizer‘s competence. The aim: identify dance teacher‘s as leisure organizer‘s competence. The problem: does dance teachers have leisure organizer competencies? Work tasks: 1. Define the concept of a dance teacher competencies in theoretical aspect; 2. Find out dance teacher’s competence improving the ways and opportunity; 3. Examine dance teacher‘s as leisure organizer‘s competences. Conclusions and main results: study reveal...

Joncevaite, Inesa

2014-01-01

288

An Examination of Early Childhood Teacher Education in Four West African Nations: Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines opportunities and challenges in early childhood teacher education in Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia. It reviews socioeconomic and political issues, current and emerging policies for early childhood and primary education, teacher preparation strategies, and examples of successful programs. Information was collected during…

Pagano, Alicia I.

289

Implementing on-Campus Microteaching to Elicit Preservice Teachers' Reflection on Teaching Actions: Fresh Perspective on an Established Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

This article calls for renewed emphasis on the use of on-campus microteaching to facilitate simultaneously preservice teachers' performance of effective teaching skills and their capability to reflect meaningfully on their emergent teaching actions. In making a case for greater focus on the implementation of microteaching in preservice teacher

Amobi, Funmi A.; Irwin, Leslie

2009-01-01

290

An Investigation into Digital Media: Characteristics of Learning Objects Which K-12 Teachers Determine Meet Their Instructional Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, learning objects have emerged as an instructional tool for teachers. Digital libraries and collections provide teachers with free or fee-base access to a variety of learning objects from photos and famous speeches to Flash animations and interactive Java Applets. Learning objects offer opportunities for students to interact with…

Guthrie, Patricia Ann

2010-01-01

291

Social Media Use--and Misuse--by Teachers: Looking to the Courts for Human Resource Policy Guidance  

Science.gov (United States)

School districts are facing a sensationalized and alarming trend of unprofessional conduct and social media misuse by public school teachers. Likewise, recent court cases as well as highly publicized scandals raise concern that inappropriate relationships between teachers and students can be initiated through online social media. These emergent

Bon, Susan C.; Bathon, Justion; Balzano, Anne-Marie

2013-01-01

292

A Grounded Theory of Behavior Management Strategy Selection, Implementation, and Perceived Effectiveness Reported by First-Year Elementary Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In this grounded theory study, 19 teachers were interviewed and then, in constant comparative fashion, the interview data were analyzed. The theoretical model that emerged from the data describes novice teachers' tendencies to select and implement differing strategies related to the severity of student behavior. When confronting mild student…

Smart, Julie B.; Igo, L. Brent

2010-01-01

293

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support…

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

294

Qualifying online teachers  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Worldwide there is an increasing demand for educational institutions to offer part of their educations online and mixed mode. For institutions to comply with these demands, it is necessary to prepare teachers (and other members of the staff), to fulfil their responsibilities within the virtual environment. Teachers must be able to organize their courses pedagogically according to different conditions, i.e., subject domains, group sizes, variations within communication and interaction. Teachers must acquire knowledge and skills in handling Information and Communication Techniques (ICT) as well as pedagogical possibilities and constraints inherited in the software available. Several studies demonstrate that technical obstacles are easier to overcome than lack of communication skills. Also the consequenses of communication breakdowns tend to create serious problems that technology cannot solve. These problems concern how teachers function satisfactory as mediators and coaches in collaborative, knowledge sharing virtual environments. For example, how teachers support their students in becoming online-students and how they facilitate complex discussions on difficult topics. This is a big challenge for everybody involved in e-learning, and the challenge is not met by offering introductory courses for university teachers. Based on basis of a recent examination of concrete actions and strategies for the future within 11 Danish universities, the auther argues that there exists a severe mismatch between the organisational expectations and strategies and the competence-evolving activities that the same organisations offer to their staff. A recent case study of a university pedagogy course on e-learning for university teachers demonstrates and identifies some of the consequences of the mismatch. Finally the author suggests strategies to meet the demands of the future online university.

Levinsen, Karin

2007-01-01

295

Attitudes of Student-teachers towards Written Teacher’s Guide  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The literature on Teacher’s Guides combines knowledge of discipline-related content and pedagogy-related content in reference to the objectives and contents of the Ministry of Education curriculum. It serves as a self-study tool that provides guidelines of how to teach in light of the various changing goals and needs of the teacher. The corpus on which this research focused was the Teacher’s Guide for Hebrew literature and the question we focused on was: Do student-teachers of Hebrew literature at a teacher education college who use this tool find that it meets their expectations? The qualitative and quantitative findings of the research, which involved 21 student-teachers for Hebrew literature at a teacher education college, led to the conclusion that the students’ expectations of the Teacher’s Guide differ from the disciplinary qualities and especially the didactic qualities it actually contains. The Teacher’s Guide is not organized in a manner suited to student-teachers even though they are a primary target audience for it.

Lea Baratz

2012-02-01

296

Reading strategy instruction and teacher change: implications for teacher training  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I report on teacher change in the context of a reading strategy instruction intervention. Reading Strategy Instruction (RSI was implemented by three teachers, new to the concept, over a period of 15 weeks. Observations of these teachers showed that a multitude of factors affect the uptake of RSI as part of everyday teaching practice, and that teachers seem to move through distinct phases in their uptake of RSI. The article focuses on teachers' reaction to RSI and highlights a number of issues that are important to the implementation of RSI, not the least of which is that a clear need exists for changes to in-service teacher training and support and pre-service teacher training. In an effort to address these training issues the article contains specific recommendations for pre-service teacher training in particular.

Nanda M Klapwijk

2012-01-01

297

Master Teachers/ Teacher-in-Residence Funding & Recruiting Strategies  

Science.gov (United States)

There is no question that a university or external funding agency must make a significant financial commitment to support a Teacher-in-Residence. Nevertheless, several PhysTEC sites have made the commitment to fund TIRs out of their own budgets, in order to sustain the benefits that only a Master Teacher can bring to a department that wishes to prepare high-quality teachers. In addition, several universities have attracted external corporate funding for a Teacher-in-Residence program.

2008-05-20

298

ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS TOOTH AVULSION AMONG SPORTS TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Tooth avulsion is one of the commonest types of physical sport injury. Themanagement of these cases is critical in order to prevent complete loss of tooth and its subsequentconsequences. The prognosis of such avulsed tooth depends on prompt treatment. The emergencymanagement of such avulsed tooth is made by the sports teacher who is present at the sports ground. Thefirst–aid knowledge about tooth avulsion is must for the sports teacher. Aim: The objective of the presentstudy was to evaluate the knowledge about management of tooth avulsion among sports teachers inAhmednagar District. Methods: A sample of 60 sports teachers were interviewed from different schools.The data was collected using a self administered questionnaire containing seven items which wasdistributed among the sports teacher from different schools. Results: we found that 90% of the sportsteachers were not having the first-aid knowledge about the emergency management of avulsed tooth andthe benefit of timely care. This demands an effort to properly educate sports teachers about first-aidmanagement and consequently change their attitude towards dental trauma.

FARHEEN USTAD

2013-05-01

299

Teachers View on Social and Emotional Aspect of Pedagogical Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Bologna process challenges European higher education area by comparability and compatibility of several issues including educators? professional competence. However, through their educational philosophy and activity educators have discovered and shaped their own sense and meaning of pedagogical competence. During the time when teacher professional standard has been reexamined nationally, teachers? voice in Latvia is still poorly considered. Therefore, this article aims to provide a balance between two directions-?from-above? that implies policy and legislation and ?from-below? that stands for practitioners? own voice. Approach: This study is an attempt to enter into professional world of elementary school teachers and to describe how they interpret meaning of their pedagogical competence embodied in educational activity. Thus, this basic interpretive study reflects characteristics of phenomenology and constructionism. The data are collected through semi-structured interviews. The sample (n = 14 is created by snowball approach and includes teachers who represent different length of service, main ethnic backgrounds and geographical parts of Latvia. The data analysis implies identification of recurrent themes that emerge through the data. Results: As a result, the study provides a description of developed themes that illustrate elementary school teachers? understanding of social and emotional aspect of pedagogical competence. Conclusion: The developed themes are discussed in the context of Bologna initiatives in higher education, holistic understanding of pedagogical competence and sustainable development of teacher education.

Inga Belousa

2012-01-01

300

Trading Places: From Physical Education Teachers to Teacher Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, there has been an increase in research on becoming teacher educators, yet little is known about becoming physical education teacher educators (PETE). Responding to concerns about the current state of doctoral PETE programs and inadequate preparation of novice teacher educators, this paper explores our transition from high school teaching…

Casey, Ashley; Fletcher, Tim

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change among Early Childhood Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher

Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia

2010-01-01

302

Recognising and Developing Urban Teachers: Chartered London Teacher Status  

Science.gov (United States)

Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…

Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne

2008-01-01

303

Programmatic Issues in Teacher Education: The Texas Teacher Corps Experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

Various aspects of program planning and implementation in the Texas Teacher Corps Network are explored. The following topics are covered: 1) program conceptualization and design; 2) intern and team leader recruitment; 3) Teacher Corps experiences dealing with graduate admission processes and their implications for change; 4) management of Teacher

Olivarez, Ruben Dario, Ed.

304

Six Beginning Music Teachers' Music Teacher Role Identities  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, I used a qualitative approach to explore the music teacher role identities of six beginning music teachers prior to, during, and after their student teaching experience. Data collection included participant-observation, interviews, and e-mail communication. Specifically, I looked at what each of these beginning music teachers

Paise, Michele Paynter

2010-01-01

305

Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers is a qualitative study that examined what prompted veteran special education teachers to continue in the critical shortage fields even though they contend with challenging situations that have been a deterrent for others to remain in the classroom (e.g. Nelson, 2001).…

Hogan, Andrea E.

2012-01-01

306

Teachers' and Preservice Teachers' Professional Goals and Motivation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Expectancy-valence models are used most in the field of motivational psychology. However, teachers' motivation had not been studied by these models and only limited research exists assessing the expectancy and the valence constructs. This study's aim was to examine preservice teachers' and practicing teachers' motivation by the expectancy-valence…

Jesus, Saul Neves de

307

Opportunities of the Collaborative Mentoring Relationships between Teachers and Student Teachers in the Classroom: The Views of Teachers, Student Teachers and University Tutors  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the views of teachers, student teachers and university tutors about the opportunities of the collaborative mentoring relationships between teachers and student teachers. A qualitative approach was employed to conduct the study using a semi-structured type of interview with teachers, student teachers and university tutors.…

Aderibigbe, Semiyu Adejare

2013-01-01

308

Research and innovation in teacher’s training and the services’s coordinators for children in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we discuss about the training of teachers and coordinators in early childhood education and care (ECEC services in Italy. We are doing this through two parts: in the first one, after an introduction on the topic of ECEC quality, we give an account of present profiles of educators in baby centres (asili nido, educators in pre-schools and coordinators of 0-6 services; the second part presents two exemplary experiences of initial training of teachers and coordinators carried out in the Universities of Bologna and Roma-Tre. We proceed departing from critical issues emerging from the analysis of profiles.

Cristina Stringher

2012-04-01

309

ChemTeacher: Metric System  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Metric System page includes resources for teaching students about the metric system.

2011-01-01

310

ChemTeacher: Metric Prefixes  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Metric Prefixes page includes resources for teaching students about prefixes used in the metric system.

2011-01-01

311

ChemTeacher: Oxidation States  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Oxidation States page includes resources for teaching students about determining oxidation states of atoms within compounds.

2011-01-01

312

ChemTeacher: Equilibrium Constant  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Equilibrium Constant page includes resources for teaching students about defining and using equilibrium constants.

2011-01-01

313

ChemTeacher: Lab Safety  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Lab Safety page includes resources for teaching students about keeping safe in the laboratory.

2011-01-01

314

ChemTeacher: Combination Reactions  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Combination Reactions page includes resources for teaching students about identifying and predicting combination reactions.

2011-01-01

315

ChemTeacher: Decomposition Reactions  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Decomposition Reactions page includes resources for teaching students about identifying and predicting decomposition reactions.

2011-01-01

316

ChemTeacher: Electric Potential  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Electric Potential page includes resources for teaching students about calculating standard electrode potentials for oxidation-reduction reactions.

2011-01-01

317

Teacher's creative competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article's aim is to study what 180 Polish teachers understand by creativity and how they put it into practice. The Creative competency of teachers was evaluated, using 6 variables: 1 understanding of teaching as a creative action; 2 knowledge of opportunities and secure limits in implementing creative changes; 3 ability to create and change elements of classroom work; 4 understanding of educational entities and having the ability to act in order to increase the autonomy of such entities; 5 critical thinking; 6 ability to research their own practice. To do so both a semi-structured interview and direct observation in their classroom were utilized. Results point out the need to foster teachers' innovative and creative capabilities.

Anna Babicka

2010-04-01

318

CLASS TEACHER IN PRIMARY SCHOOL  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis entitled »Primary school class teachers« consists of a theoretical and an empirical part. The empirical part first outlines and defines school as an institution employing the class teacher. What follows is the introduction of the roles of class teachers which are very important for their work (from the pedagogical, organisational and administrative point of view). The communication of the class teacher with parents has also been outlined, as well as the purpose, meaning and the ...

Gradis?nik, Jasmina

2013-01-01

319

PhysicsTeachers@CERN2005  

CERN Multimedia

PhysicsTeachers@CERN is a three day conference for high school teachers. It is a great opportunity to meet colleagues from other countries and keep up-to-date with today's physics. The conference is designed to provide a valuable experience for high school physics teachers and give them new insights into contemporary particle physics. The conference is open to physics teachers from all CERN member states.

Maximilien Brice

2005-01-01

320

Liberal Arts and Teacher Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we will compare different discourses about teacher education as expressed by students, departments and alumnae/i at liberal arts colleges in USA, with two contemporary texts about teacher education in Sweden. The studies show (1) that the decision to become a teacher is an active choice made by these students during their time at the college, (2) that education programs in liberal arts institutions in USA stress that teacher education should be intellectually demanding with str...

Almqvist, Jonas; Bjork, Christopher; Mccloskey, Erin

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Patient Emergency Grants  

Science.gov (United States)

... family and friends to get connected! Patient Emergency Grants The Kidney & Urology Foundation of America, now in ... Kidney & Urology Foundation of America’s (KUFA) PATIENT EMERGENCY GRANT PROGRAM (PEG) provides financial assistance to End Stage ...

322

EMERGING CONTAMINANTS IN BIOSOLIDS  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging contaminants are receiving increasing media and scientific attention. These chemicals are sometimes referred to as compounds of emerging concern or trace organic compounds, and include several groups of chemicals including endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), and phar...

323

HANARO radiation emergency plan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The emergency plan of HANARO (High-flux advanced Neutron Application Reactor) is prepared based on the Korea Atomic Law, the Civil Defence Law, Disaster Protection Law and the emergency related regulation guides such as the NUREG series from USNRC to ensure adequate response capabilities to the emergency event which would cause a significant risk to the KAERI staffs and the public near to the site. Periodic training and exercise for the reactor operators and emergency staffs will reduce accident risks and the release of radioactivities to the environment. The plan describes the organization and staff`s duties in the radiation emergency, classification on the radiation accidents, urgent actions of reactor operators in the early state, emergency response activities, maintenance of emergency equipment, training and exercise to improve response capabilities against emergency accidents. (author). 1 tab., 5 figs.

Lee, Jong Tai

1997-10-01

324

Harwell emergency handbook  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Harwell Laboratory Emergency Handbook 1987 contains emergency procedures to deal with any incident which might occur at AERE Harwell involving radioactive or toxic material releases. The Handbook gives details of the duties of members of the Site Emergency Organization and other key members of staff, the methods by which incidents are controlled, the communication links and liaison arrangements with other organizations and the possible consequences and actions that may be needed following an emergency. (UK)

325

Emergency preparedness in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document presents the countermeasures implemented in Japan in case of a nuclear accident. Various aspects of the subject are tackled such as the regulatory system for the nuclear reactor or the preparedness arrangements (responsibilities of the various government and public organizations, nuclear emergency action plans including the emergency planning zones, the emergency environmental monitoring and the emergency medical treatment). It should be noted that training exercises for the population is already implemented. (TEC). 3 figs., 3 tabs

326

Teacher Evaluation: Archiving Teaching Effectiveness  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher evaluation is a current hot topic within music education. This article offers strategies for K-12 music educators on how to promote their effectiveness as teachers through archival documentation in a teacher portfolio. Using the Danielson evaluation model (based on four domains of effective teaching practices), examples of music teaching…

Nielsen, Lance D.

2014-01-01

327

Teacher Leaders Advancing Mathematics Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

In this 8-page teacher leadership article four teachers provide insight into their roles as teacher leaders in the mathematics classroom. They discuss the leadership cohort that helped them grow as leaders and present descriptions of ways in which they have benefited their schools.

Kinzer, Cathy J.; Rincon, Mari; Ward, Jana; Rincon, Ricardo; Gomez, Lesli

2014-02-01

328

Teacher Education Extends Its Reach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on a project of the University of California at Santa Cruz in which veteran teacher-advisers meet weekly with beginning teachers to observe and coach them. Notes sources of financial support for the program, the 90 percent retention rate for program participants, and training and renumeration provided to the 40 full-time teacher-mentors…

Basinger, Julianne

2000-01-01

329

TEACHERS? ACCOUNTS OF LANGUAGE VARIATIONS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper focuses on teachers' stigmatizing perspectives of their students' nonstandard varieties of Portuguese. Theoretically, the study was grounded on Personal Construct Psychology, Perspective Transformation in Teacher Education, Transformative Bidialectalism and Critical Language Awareness. The objectives were to jointly access and assess the teachers? implicit theories about nonstandard language and to verify to what extent these theories affected their classroom pedagogy. My research ...

Telles João A.

1998-01-01

330

Social Justice Language Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…

Hawkins, Margaret R.

2011-01-01

331

Teacher Certification Systems. Policy Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between good teaching and student achievement elevates the importance of teacher quality in the eyes of parents, educators, and policymakers. While some teachers may have a special gift to help students learn, good teaching encompasses critical elements, such as knowledge of the learning process, child development, teacher

Heine, Hilda

2006-01-01

332

Teacher-Assessment and Equity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a critique of teachers' assessment practices from a social justice standpoint. It is based on two studies of different aspects of the established system of teacher assessment in the United Kingdom. Each study found that teachers' own perspectives, resources, and interpretations led to the construction of views of students'…

Watson, Anne; Morgan, Candia

333

Teacher of primary English  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2003 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply see http://enpferney.org/staff_vacancies.htm English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire (http://enpferney.org/)

2003-01-01

334

TEACHER OF ENGLISH NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before 8 July. English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire.

2002-01-01

335

Emergent gravity in graphene  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We reconsider monolayer graphene in the presence of elastic deformations. It is described by the tight - binding model with varying hopping parameters. We demonstrate, that the fermionic quasiparticles propagate in the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and in the presence of the emergent U(1) gauge field. Both emergent geometry and the gauge field are defined by the elastic deformation of graphene.

Zubkov, M. A.; Volovik, G. E.

2013-01-01

336

Emergency Action Levels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper is analyzed the innovative methodology of action levels given by the Nuclear Emergency Energy Institute (NEI) in his paper Development of Emergency Action 99-01 Levels for Non-Passive Reactors, rev 6. This methodology has not only received approval from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), but has also had a direct impact on emergency plans.

337

Nuclear accident emergency introduction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear accident emergency is an action for controlling or reliving nuclear accident and relaxing accident result. It is different from normal order and normal work procedures, and it is also the last part of depth defense. The article introduces the main content of nuclear accident emergency management work and an example of nuclear accident emergency drill. (author)

338

Wireless Emergency Alerts  

Science.gov (United States)

... Management Agency Skip to Left Menu Skip to Main Content About Contact Us FAQs Languages English Español Français Ti?ngVi?t ??????? ... Emergency Alert System Wireless Emergency Alerts Informational Materials Contact Us Support ... Alerts Main Content Why are Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) important to ...

339

Emergency Care Handover (ECHO study) across care boundaries: the need for joint decision making and consideration of psychosocial history  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Inadequate handover in emergency care is a threat to patient safety. Handover across care boundaries poses particular problems due to different professional, organisational and cultural backgrounds. While there have been many suggestions for standardisation of handover content, relatively little is known about the verbal behaviours that shape handover conversations. This paper explores both what is communicated (content) and how this is communicated (verbal behaviours) during different types of handover conversations across care boundaries in emergency care. Methods Three types of interorganisational (ambulance service to emergency department (ED) in ‘resuscitation’ and ‘majors’ areas) and interdepartmental handover conversations (referrals to acute medicine) were audio recorded in three National Health Service EDs. Handover conversations were segmented into utterances. Frequency counts for content and language forms were derived for each type of handover using Discourse Analysis. Verbal behaviours were identified using Conversation Analysis. Results 203 handover conversations were analysed. Handover conversations involving ambulance services were predominantly descriptive (60%–65% of utterances), unidirectional and focused on patient presentation (75%–80%). Referrals entailed more collaborative talk focused on the decision to admit and immediate care needs. Across all types of handover, only 1.5%–5% of handover conversation content related to the patient's social and psychological needs. Conclusions Handover may entail both descriptive talk aimed at information transfer and collaborative talk aimed at joint decision-making. Standardisation of handover needs to accommodate collaborative aspects and should incorporate communication of information relevant to the patient's social and psychological needs to establish appropriate care arrangements at the earliest opportunity. PMID:24026973

Sujan, Mark A; Chessum, Peter; Rudd, Michelle; Fitton, Laurence; Inada-Kim, Matthew; Spurgeon, Peter; Cooke, Matthew W

2015-01-01

340

Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases  

Science.gov (United States)

... Vaccine Action Program Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Centers for Disease Control ... and the NIAID Divisions supporting such research. NIAID Biodefense Research Priority Pathogens List of NIAID Category A- ...

 
 
 
 
341

EMERGENT LITERACY BELIEFS IN PRESCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN CONTEXTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to understand how a group of preschool/kindergarten teachers (N = 340 perceivesand accomplishes linguistic and literacy oriented practices. Results show that, in a set of literacyand language tasks, teachers tend to value oral driven tasks and seldom engage in activities that relate toteaching the written language. This profile of educators is a reflection of prevalent views in pre-serviceteacher education and of some of the most common practices in Portuguese preschool and kindergartenclasses (ages 3-6 and suggests that teachers have limited scientific knowledge of emergent literacy concepts.It seems that, despite being promoted to university training in the last 20 years, pre-service educationdoes not yet reflect the state of the art in early childhood education. In a set of in-depth interviews (N= 8 we found a close association between the absence of literacy practices and the absence of pre-servicespecific knowledge about this subject. Participants that report consistent and regular linguistic and literacyoriented practices seem to perceive pre-service education as critical for their commitment to thosepractices. On the other hand, older teachers and teachers with lower training levels seem to undervaluespecific literacy oriented tasks. The opposite seems to happen with younger and more educated teachers.Overall, our study suggests that the contents of pre-service and in-service education induce specific practicesin preschool/kindergarten contexts, but it also suggests that this impact may be limited by socializationeffects of dominant professional practices.

JOÃO LOPES

2009-11-01

342

Learning to Lead: A New Teacher’s Perspectives on Teacher Leadership  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The question of teacher leadership is inextricably tied to teacher effectiveness. Leadership forms the foundation of classroom management and permeates all aspects of the curriculum. While many new teachers have visions of the kinds of leaders they wish to become, this vision is often complicated by the everyday realities of classroom life. Faced with increasingly difficult circumstances, it becomes infinitely more important for teachers to foster the trust and confidence required to make mea...

Kristie Bridges

2008-01-01

343

The SUPERCOMET 2 Project: Teacher Seminar and Teacher Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

The Leonardo da Vinci pilot projects SUPERCOMET (2001-2004) and SUPERCOMET 2 (2004-2007) developed and tested teacher training materials for active, minds-on learning of electromagnetism and superconductivity at the level of upper secondary school. New multimedia materials for the pupils supported the teacher materials, including a teacher seminar in 4 half-day modules detailing the scientific contents, teaching methods, using ICT in physics teaching and learning, online collaboration and further resources for exploring the selected topics. The aim of these projects were to improve the quality of physics teaching on a European level, involving a combined total of 45 partners in 16 countries, and conducting trials at 67 schools with approx. 230 teachers, 280 trainee teachers and 2200 pupils. New follow-up projects develop hands-on materials for carrying out the activities described in the teacher guide and seminars and additional teacher materials involving modelling, simulations and data logging.

Engstrom, V.; Ireson, G.; Latal, H.; Mathelitsch, L.; Michelini, M.; Peeters, W.; Rath, G.

2008-05-01

344

Medical emergencies in Goa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Most emergencies in Goa arise due to road traffic accidents and drowning, which have been compounded by the rise in number of recorded accidents in 2007 to be above 4000. It is believed that 11 people meet with an accident on Goa?s roads every day and this is expected to rise by 10% by next year. Similar is the case with drownings and other medical emergencies. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional survey of medical emergencies and identify various types of emergencies presenting to emergency departments. Materials and Methods: Using a stratified random sampling design, all emergencies presenting to the three government hospitals in Goa, which handle 90% of all emergencies currently, were studied on specially designed data sheets in order to collect data. Emergency medical technicians (ETs were placed in the Casualty Ward of the medical colleges and they recorded all emergencies on the data sheet. The collected data were then analyzed for stratification and mapping of emergencies. Results: GMC Hospital attended to majority of emergencies (62%, which were mainly of the nature of accidents or assaults (17% and fever related (17%. Most emergencies were noncritical and about 1% expired. Maximum emergencies also presented from Salcette and Bardez, and occurred among young males in the age group of 19-45 years. Males were also more prone to accidents while females had pregnancies as emergencies. Conclusion: Potential emergency services need to target young males with higher concentrations required in Salcette in South Goa and Bardez in North Goa.

Saddichha Sahoo

2010-01-01

345

Preparing Teachers for Professional Learning: Is There a Future for Teacher Education in New Teacher Induction?  

Science.gov (United States)

Today the quality of teachers is held to be increasingly important yet there continue to be doubts about whether teacher education programs graduate teachers ready to meet the challenges of their initial years of teaching. In some jurisdictions, other agencies (Ministries of Education, school districts, and private providers) are supplementing the…

Kane, Ruth G.; Francis, Andrew

2013-01-01

346

Teaching Teachers: How Teacher Educators View the Curriculum of Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to learn what teacher educators think is important in forming our future teaching force. This study showed that most teacher educators feel they have quality programs. Teacher educators believed their programs prepare graduates well for their first year of teaching. They felt most programs are of quality in the state…

Biggs, Amy M. Kempton

2010-01-01

347

Teachers’ interactions and mathematics learning within a virtual environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The use of information and communication technology brings new ways of enrolment and motivation of individuals. These technologies have been an important vehicle for sharing information and constitute various communities. For this reason, it is necessary analysis of learning in virtual environments. The aim of this article focuses on the analysis of teachers interactions in the environment Virtual Math Team (VMT-Chat in addressing one problem of taxicab geometry. We study learning through different forms of participation of individuals within the environment. The results shows that the identification of different types of interlocution (evaluative, interpretative, informative and negociative allows the teacher the creation of strategies to contribute with the continuity of the debate and to promote the development of mathematical ideas emerged from interlocutions. The analysis also illustrates how teachers interacted online with the use of combinatorial analysis on the metric in taxicab geometry.

Aline Terra Salles

2012-09-01

348

Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Continuing Professional Development: Science Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate science teachers' views of continuing professional development (CPD) provision in Saudi Arabia and science teachers' perspectives of the CPD contextual issues that have an impact on putting the learning emerging from the CPD programmes into practice. The study used mixed methods (open-ended questionnaires and interviews) with Saudi Arabian science teachers framed by a socio-cultural perspective. This study argues that science teachers' voices concerning their professional development needs should be the key guide for their CPD. Our study shows the significance of engaging critically with science teachers' voices and views of their CPD programme. One of the unique findings of this study indicated CPD programmes should take place at school where teachers have the opportunity to collaborate with others in an authentic context and where they can participate in the content of the CPD that directly meets their needs within their work context. The study has shown that science teacher development can be effective and successful when science teachers are able to talk with each other as part of the learning activities of the CPD programmes about what they are doing in the classroom, and how they can implement the ideas of the CPD programmes into their classroom and school settings. This might shed light on why teachers were either able or unable to put some aspects of their CPD learning into practice.

Mansour, Nasser; EL-Deghaidy, Heba; Alshamrani, Saeed; Aldahmash, Abdulwali

2014-04-01

349

Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Continuing Professional Development: Science Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate science teachers' views of continuing professional development (CPD) provision in Saudi Arabia and science teachers' perspectives of the CPD contextual issues that have an impact on putting the learning emerging from the CPD programmes into practice. The study used mixed methods (open-ended questionnaires and interviews) with Saudi Arabian science teachers framed by a socio-cultural perspective. This study argues that science teachers' voices concerning their professional development needs should be the key guide for their CPD. Our study shows the significance of engaging critically with science teachers' voices and views of their CPD programme. One of the unique findings of this study indicated CPD programmes should take place at school where teachers have the opportunity to collaborate with others in an authentic context and where they can participate in the content of the CPD that directly meets their needs within their work context. The study has shown that science teacher development can be effective and successful when science teachers are able to talk with each other as part of the learning activities of the CPD programmes about what they are doing in the classroom, and how they can implement the ideas of the CPD programmes into their classroom and school settings. This might shed light on why teachers were either able or unable to put some aspects of their CPD learning into practice.

Mansour, Nasser; EL-Deghaidy, Heba; Alshamrani, Saeed; Aldahmash, Abdulwali

2014-12-01

350

Expansion of Biology Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) During a Long-Term Professional Development Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Experienced teachers possess a unique teaching knowledge comprised of an inter-related set of knowledge and beliefs that gives direction and justification to a teacher's actions. This study examined the expansion of two components of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of three in-service teachers in the course of a professional development program aimed at designing new teaching and learning materials suggested by the teachers themselves. The research presents an enlargement of previous PCK representations by focusing on a detailed representation of two main PCK domains: teaching and learning, including ten PCK components that emerged in the course of data analysis. This representation enabled revealing the unique PCK held by each teacher and to characterize the expansion of the two components of the participating teachers' PCK during the long-term professional development program. Retention of major parts of the expanded PCK a year after termination of the program implies that designing and implementing new teaching and learning materials based on the teachers' experiences, needs, and knowledge in a workshop format accompanied by biology and science education courses might provide a powerful means for PCK expansion. We recommend that designers of professional development programs be aware of the unique PCK held by each teacher in order to promote meaningful professional development of each teacher. Moreover, the PCK representations that were identified in the course of this study enabled clarifying the "orientation toward teaching science" category of PCK which appears to be unclear in current literature.

Rozenszajn, Ronit; Yarden, Anat

2014-02-01

351

HANARO radiation emergency plan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The emergency plan of High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor (HANARO), which is prepared according to the Korea Atomic Energy Law, the Civil Defense Law and the related regulation Guides such as the NUREG which is USNRC regulation guide, is designed to ensure adequate response capabilities to the emergency event which would cause a significant risk to the KAERI staff and the population living in the neighbourhood of KAERI site. This plan describes the emergency organizations and their duties, the emergency classification on the radiation accidents, the emergency response facilities and equipments, the course of action to be taken in the event which may occurs, the education and drills to improve the capability against emergency accidents of emergency staffs, and the public protection guide against radiation exposure. 14 tabs., 11 figs. (Author) .new

352

Training Distance Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines a course designed to enable distance teachers to develop and teach courses using computer-mediated communication and emphasizing basic pedagogy. The teaching strategies and learning points of each module, as well as the organizational and technical set-up, are described. (Contains seven references.) (EAM)

Ingesman, Lars

1993-01-01

353

Understanding Evolution for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This website was designed to teach evolution to teachers and explain common misconceptions, while providing guidance and tools for teaching evolution in the classroom and avoiding some of the pitfalls of the evolution "debate." Topics include the history if evolution, the evidence for evolution, evolution in the news, and lesson plans and conceptual frameworks that can be used by educators.

University of California Museum of Paleontology

354

Environment: Readings for Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty-six articles or extracts from scholarly literature and one article written for this collection are contained in this anthology intended for teachers. The articles present the viewpoints of writers in a number of scientific and sociological fields concerning human interactions with their environment. Articles are arranged in the following…

Ivany, J. W. George, Ed.

355

Aviation. Teacher Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's guide contains information, lesson plans, and diverse student learning activities focusing on aviation. The guide is divided into seven sections: (1) "Drawing Activities" (Airmail Art; Eyewitness; Kite Power); (2) "Geography" (U.S. Airports); (3) "Information" (Aviation Alphabet; Glossary; Four Forces of Flight; What about Wind?;…

2001

356

Space Flight. Teacher Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's guide contains information, lesson plans, and diverse student learning activities focusing on space flight. The guide is divided into seven sections: (1) "Drawing Activities" (Future Flight; Space Fun; Mission: Draw); (2) "Geography" (Space Places); (3) "History" (Space and Time); (4) "Information" (Space Transportation System;…

2001

357

Great Lakes Teacher's Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Great Lakes are one of the world's greatest reservoirs of fresh water, the foundation of Ontario's economic development, a primary force in ecological systems, and a base for pleasure and recreation. They are also a magnificent resource for the teachers of Ontario. Study of the Great Lakes can bring to life the factors that shape the ecology…

Reid, Ron

358

Pasteur: Student and Teacher.  

Science.gov (United States)

Louis Pasteur's career as a scientist and as a teacher of science is traced. The discovery of his ability and interest, his choice of teaching as a profession, the controversy over teaching versus research, and his methods of teaching science are included. (MNS)

Moseley, Nicholas

1983-01-01

359

Go East, Young Teacher!  

Science.gov (United States)

Because China is the world's fastest growing economy, the Chinese school system has a huge demand for English teachers at all levels. Teaching English as a second language (ESL) offers a plethora of benefits, such as developing a more critical approach to cultural understanding, more opportunities for travel, overseas experience during a time of…

Lucenta, Lindsey

2011-01-01

360

Teachers as Literacy Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors make the case that literacy leadership is not a quality restricted to specialists with extra certifications. Instead, literacy leadership qualities are within the grasp of every conscientious classroom teacher who is willing to take advantage of opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Turner, Jennifer D.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty; Applegate, Anthony J.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Recruiting Teachers in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about a system of special schools in Colombia which introduces students to teaching careers as early as the 8th grade. The Colombian system is based on a simple idea: Every student is a potential teacher. Principals talk about molding "ciudadano-pedagogos"--citizen-educators who view teaching as a way of…

Blair, Robert

2009-01-01

362

Energy Sources, Teacher's Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

The unit presented in this teacher's guide is the first of two developed for the fifth year in the Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS) curriculum. Attention is focused on energy transfers involved in the interaction of matter in solid, liquid, and gaseous forms. The chapters are presented in six parts which include activities for reviewing…

Karplus, Robert

363

Teachers as Journalists?  

Science.gov (United States)

I start by considering some of the similarities between journalists and science teachers in their work and then go on to examine three questions that are of importance in dealing with creationism in schools: Is the issue one that is worth dealing with? How might one deal with it? What does one hope to achieve by dealing with it? I conclude that…

Reiss, M.

2011-01-01

364

Teachers' Perceptions of Stutterers.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire asking respondents to list adjectives describing 4 hypothetical stutterers (2 8 year olds and 2 adults) was completed by 103 elementary and secondary teachers. The majority of reported adjectives were negative stereotypical personality traits, indicating perceptions of stutterers similar to other groups including speech-language…

Lass, Norman J.; And Others

1992-01-01

365

Air Pollution, Teachers' Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on air pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of air pollution and involves students in processes of…

Lavaroni, Charles W.; O'Donnell, Patrick A.

366

A Teacher's Creed  

Science.gov (United States)

Education is an amazingly rewarding career, and the author cannot imagine doing anything else. He stresses that being able to influence so many lives is a reward beyond compare. Teachers can make a profound difference in the future of this nation and the world, and they should respect what an exalted and exhilarating honor that is. They are…

Niece, Rick D.

2010-01-01

367

Edible Rocks: Teacher Page  

Science.gov (United States)

In this activity, students use edible samples (such as peanut brittle and fudge) as their models of rocks and meteorites. They are to observe and describe the samples' physical characteristics using geologic terminology. The Teacher Page includes recipes to make some of the samples as well as examples of field notes.

368

Cross-disciplinary Participatory & Contextual Design Research: Creating a Teacher Dashboard Application  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Concepts of Human Computer Interaction have crossed disciplinary boundaries allowing the discovery of underlying stakeholder affordances to emerge during the design research phase of system design. For the current scenario, middle school mathematics teachers as data-driven decision makers are inundated with diagnostic and assessment data, resulting in data deluge. The situation is unlikely to subside as digital technologies and media are broadly adopted for instruction and learning. Teachers ...

Abel, Troy D.; Michael Evans

2014-01-01

369

Knowledge and Attitude of School Teachers Towards Tooth Avulsion in Rural and Urban Areas  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: School teachers are most likely to be in the vicinity of the child at the time of the injury in the school. Thus they should be well prepared to intervene when such dental emergencies arise. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding tooth avulsion and dental fi rst aid among school teachers in Chandigarh (urban area) and Barwala (rural area). Material & Methods: The study was performed by administering a self-designed quest...

Manjeet Kaur; Kanika Gupta; Ruchika Goyal; Navdha Chaudhary

2014-01-01

370

Teachers' Beliefs and Teaching Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the premise that teacher education programs, with their emphasis on methods, are largely ineffective in improving current teaching practice, this paper examines ways teacher educators can change some of the beliefs of teachers and teacher candidates early in a program so as to optimize the impact of learning new teaching practices. Three central questions are addressed-what technologies are available to teacher educators for changing candidate beliefs, what ethics come into play concerning changing the beliefs of candidates, and what beliefs should we teach-and the problems posed for changing beliefs. The paper then explores the concept of "dispositions," suggesting that if teacher educators could conceptualize the problem as one of "weak dispositions" rather than one of "beliefs," many of the issues would disappear. Three possible dispositions are explored as goals for a teacher education program: knowledge, colleagueship, and advocacy.

James Raths

2001-01-01

371

A comparison of teacher stress and school climate across schools with different matric success rates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our aim was to investigate differences in teacher stress and perceptions of school climate among teachers from schools with differing matriculation success rates in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Two schools with matric pass rates of 100% and two schools with matric pass rates of less than 25% were selected from a list of schools provided by the province's Educational District Circuit. The schools were matched in terms of area, size, resources, and equipment. Thirty-three teachers from the high performing schools and forty-two teachers from the poor performing schools participated in the study. Student's t tests were used to assess the differences between the schools on the variables under investigation, and the results showed the teachers' experience of stress across the different schools was not significantly different, but significant differences did emerge with regard to school climate. The implications of these findings for the study population are discussed.

Karen Milner

2008-05-01

372

Teachers Create a Professional Learning Community to be a Place of their Own  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Spring, 2012, seven New Jersey middle school mathematics teachers volunteered to lead an afterschool Professional Learning Community. The teachers set the meeting format, selected topics, and rotated facilitation of six 90-minute sessions.  A university researcher, working within a National Science Foundation-sponsored Mathematics/Science Partnership, designed the project to investigate how, if at all, these activities would enhance teachers’ leadership.  The researcher videotaped the teachers’ meetings, elicited written reflections, conducted interviews, and analyzed these data.  Emergent themes included cohesiveness,commitment,focus on practice, respectful participation in controversies, changes in confidence and leadership. All seven teachers planned to continue meeting during the 2012-2013 school year.

Della R. Leavitt

2013-04-01

373

Middle School Science Teachers' Confidence and Pedagogical Practice of New Literacies  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to the rapid advancements of information and communication technologies (ICTs), educational researchers argue that multimodal and new literacies should become common practices in schools. As new ICTs emerge and evolve, students need the new literacies skills and practices to successfully participate fully in the civic life of a global community. Are teachers prepared to integrate ICTs in the classroom to develop students' new literacies skills? The purpose of this study is to suggest a new literacies framework that guides ICTs integration and supports scientific inquiry, as well as investigate middle school teachers' confidence to practice new literacies in science classrooms. The study adopted mixed-methodology design, surveyed 32 middle school science teachers' ICTs and new literacies skills, and randomly observed 15 teachers' new literacies practices in the classrooms. The results revealed that even though teachers have high confidence in using ICTs, the meaningful technology integration and new literacies practices were scarcely observed in their classroom practices.

Hsu, Hui-Yin; Wang, Shiang-Kwei; Runco, Lisa

2013-06-01

374

Reflexões sobre as vozes contribuintes para a constituição da subjetividade profissional do docente alfabetizador / Reflections about the voices contributing to the constitution of the literacy teacher's professional subjectivity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A angústia com relação ao processo de alfabetização é uma constante entre alfabetizadores, seja porque várias teorias de ensino e aprendizagem da língua materna são veiculadas pelo discurso acadêmico e bibliográfico, seja porque as políticas educacionais as adotam. Neste artigo, objetiva-se abordar, [...] por meio de enunciados de professores alfabetizadores, quais as diferentes vozes que os constituíram profissionalmente, determinando o que se configura como base teórica em suas práticas pedagógicas. A coleta de dados se realizou por meio de filmagens das atividades desenvolvidas em um curso de extensão, as quais, depois de editadas, foram analisadas com base nos pressupostos bakhtinianos de linguagem e dialogia. Os enunciados docentes revelam suas crenças e incertezas sobre os métodos de alfabetizar, apropriados de maneira fragmentada e superficial. É na compreensão de uma concepção de linguagem como interlocução, focalizando sujeito e história, que o professor alfabetizador poderá superar modismos e se fortalecer enquanto responsável pelo ensino crítico da leitura e da escrita escolarizada. Abstract in english The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which [...] voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by filming the activities carried out in an extension course, edited and then analyzed based on Bakhtinian concepts of language and dialogism. The utterances reveal their teaching beliefs and uncertainties about the appropriate literacy methods, learned in a fragmented and superficial way. It is through the process of understanding a language concept as interlocution, focusing on the subject and his/her history, that the literacy teacher may surpass fads and strengthens himself/herself as the individual responsible for the critical appropriation of reading and writing as taught in school.

Maria Lidia Sica, Szymanski; Ivete Janice de Oliveira, Brotto.

2013-06-01

375

WEIGHTING OF STUDENTS’ PREFERENCES OF TEACHER’S COMPETENCIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS. The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that varied in the proportion of including the subjective and objective judgement. Commonly diffused method is the Analytic Hierarchy or Network Process by prof. Saaty (AHP or ANP. Because it is not possible to see or to evaluate teacher’s competencies in complexity, we proposed the questionnaires for pairwise comparisons of various teacher’s managerial characteristics and competencies. These answers are then analysed using the AHP method. The AHP is a method deriving global weights from partial weights received as result of pairwise comparisons.

BROŽOVÁ, Helena

2011-12-01

376

Helping technophobic teachers ease the burden of marking with easy-to-use online quizzes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A number of studies have shown that teacher stress was due to teachers spending long hours in marking their students’ work such as quizzes and examination papers from large class sizes. With this problem in mind, a new web 2.0 technology has emerged, Quiz Center supported by DiscoverySchool.com which can help technophobic teachers make a free and easy-to-use online quiz. Online quizzes can be automatically marked by a script or managed by a server. In this paper, the following sections were...

Lip, Paul Chi Hong

2008-01-01

377

Doing Better: Illuminating a Framework of Equitable Science Pedagogy through a Cross- Case Analysis of Urban High School Science Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Students of color are routinely asked to participate in science education that is less intellectually rich and self-affirming. Additionally, teachers have trouble embarking on professional growth related to issues of equity and diversity in science. The purpose of this dissertation research is to develop a multi-dimensional framework for equitable science pedagogy (ESP) through analyzing the efforts and struggles of high school science teachers. This study is grounded in a conceptual framework derived from scholarship in science education, multicultural education, critical science studies, and teacher learning. The following questions guide this research: 1) What visions and enactments emerge in teachers' practices towards equitable science pedagogy? 2) How are teachers' practice decisions towards ESP influenced by their personal theories of race/culture, science, and learning and sociocultural contexts? 3) Why are there consistencies and variances across teachers' practices? This study employs a qualitative multiple case study design with ethnographic data collection to explore the practices of three urban high school science teachers who were identified as being committed to nurturing the science learning of students of color. Data include over 120 hours of classroom observation, 60 hours of teacher interviews, and 500 teacher- and student-generated artifacts. Data analysis included coding teachers' practices using theory- and participant generated codes, construction of themes based on emergent patterns, and cross-case analysis. The affordances and limitations of the participants' pedagogical approaches inform the following framework for equitable science pedagogy: 1) Seeing race and culture and sharing responsibility for learning form foundational dimensions. Practices from the other three dimensions--- nurturing students' identities, re-centering students' epistemologies, and critiquing structural inequities---emerge from the foundation. As emergent practices, they are constituted by but not reduced to practices in the initial dimensions. 2) Ideas from the foundational dimensions are filtered through teachers' stances on science. Thus, teachers' practices in the emergent dimensions and the foundational dimensions are mediated by teachers' pedagogical ideas about science and school science. 3) Teachers' articulations of practice influence the possibility of on-going work towards equitable science pedagogy.

Sheth, Manali J.

378

Teaching science to English Language Learners: Instructional approaches of high school teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional approaches including, the structure of the school, working on instructional teams, collaborating and working with other teachers especially English teachers and including science teachers, and participating in various professional development activities. The findings indicated that the instructional approaches used by teachers were largely supported by literacy education and science education done at elementary level. Findings also revealed that teachers in this study encouraged their ELLs to participate in classroom conversations and involved them in answering open-ended questions. However, not all teachers in this study had the same repertoire of instructional strategies for their ELL students and some teachers demonstrated a better understanding of these approaches than others. All teachers perceived that the structure of the school as well as collaborating and working with other teachers, especially English teachers, as their main source of support in designing instructional approaches. This study suggests that teacher educators and professional development providers need to develop courses and programs to help high school teachers learn about how to design instructional activities that simultaneously promote both academic science and English literacy. Also, administrators need to create conditions at their schools that would allow teachers to interact, collaborate, and learn from each other.

Frank, Betty-Vinca N.

379

Teachers under examination: reflections on teacher assessment policies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the current proposals of teacher assessment in Brazil. Based on historical materialism, we analysed national and international documents aiming at identifying the goals of this sort of assessment, the justifications for its implementation and debates about its outcomes. We found convergences between the policies recommended by the multilateral agencies, especially by the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and those adopted in Brazil, which indicates the great interest and influence of multilateral organizations in the development of policies for teachers. The first reactions of teachers, researchers, teacher associations and training institutions, added to the experiences of other countries that have adopted teacher assessment policies earlier, help us to understand possible outcomes and implications of these policies for teachers as a class, their careers and unions.

Eneida Oto Shiroma

2011-06-01

380

Enhancing Pre-Service Teacher Training: The Construction and Application of a Model for Developing Teacher Reflective Practice Online  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reflective practice is an essential component of pre-service teacher training programs. It facilitates the linking of theory and practice and empowers trainees to seek reasons behind their practices and their beliefs. These help novices to evolve as they witness their own teaching philosophies emerging. This research took place over 18 months and comprised 3 case studies of eight weeks with 3rd year ESOL trainees on their first intensive block practice in Hong Kong state schools. The research...

Mark Brooke

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Emergency presurgical visit  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective has been to create a Protocol of Structured Presurgical Visit applicable to the patients who are undergoing an emergency surgery, to provide the user and his family all the necessary cares on the basis of those nursing diagnosis that prevail in all the cases of surgical emergency interventions. The used method has been an analysis of the emergency surgical interventions more prevalent from February 2007 until October 2008 in our area (a regional hospital), and statistic of those...

Alfredo Castro Díaz; María Jesús Martín González

2009-01-01

382

Energy emergency handbook  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Handbook identifies selected state and federal measures available to mitigate the impact of an energy emergency, and provides a comprehensive energy emergency communications directory. In the case of state remedial actions, particular emphasis has been placed on typical implementation procedures and likely impacts. The discussions of federal actions focus on initation and implementation procedures. The directory is designed to facilitate communications of all types (telephone, Telex, TWX, or facsimile) among key energy emergency officials in the federal and state governments.

1979-01-01

383

Emergency pediatric radiology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This unique book covers the main clinical presentations of children to an emergency room and considers in detail the radiological investigation of such emergencies. Numerous high-quality illustrations of the radiological manifestations of acutely presenting illness in children ensure that the volume will serve as a rapid reference source for both pediatricians and radiologists. All of the authors are specialist pediatric radiologists who provide emergency radiological services on a daily basis, and the text reflects this level of expertise. (orig.)

Carty, H. [ed.

1999-11-01

384

Emergency preparedness for libraries  

CERN Document Server

Despite the volumes of information they contain, few libraries, whose population at any given moment is as unpredictable as the weather, know how to prepare for, endure, and survive a disaster, whether natural or man-made, and even fewer put their know-how to paper. Emergency Preparedness for Libraries provides library management with a comprehensive guide to planning and executing emergency procedures. Based, in part, on an emergency preparedness seminar the author has presented for the American Library Association, Emergency Preparedness for Libraries provides library personnel with detailed

Todaro, Julie

2009-01-01

385

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Montana  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

386

When Magic Becomes Art: Educating Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Metaphors representing the practice of teacher educators were the data for this collaborative self-study by a small group of teacher educators from across the USA. Seventy-five pre-service teachers and practicing teachers enrolled in teacher education courses were asked to create metaphors to represent the teaching practices of the authors, who…

Sowder, Mary; Leavitt, Teresa; Smith, Thomas B.; Tanase, Madalina

2013-01-01

387

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

388

Teacher Leadership: Preliminary Development of a Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent movements to empower teachers often assume that in order for teachers to assume leadership roles in schools, the teachers must leave the classroom to become school committee members or to work in adjacent classrooms with new teachers. However, teaching inherently involves leading, and leadership can be validated in terms of the teacher's…

Lynch, Mervin; Strodl, Peter

389

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Iowa  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

390

Turning Good Teachers into Great Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

According to a survey by the Center for Teacher Leadership at Virginia Commonwealth University, teachers want training to help them become effective leaders in the policy arena. The Virginia Teacher Leaders Network and the Center for Teacher Leadership provide examples of teachers who have successfully influenced policy in multiple areas: the…

Dozier, Terry Knecht

2007-01-01

391

Preparing Teachers for the Information Age.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of technology's role in education and teacher training for technology focuses on the need for preservice teacher education. Conceptual skills required by teachers are described, research and service with practicing teachers are considered, and the integration of technology into teacher preparation programs is explained via an…

Bitter, Gary G.; Yohe, Roger L.

1989-01-01

392

The Use of the European Portfolio for Student Teachers of Languages (EPOSTL) to Foster Teacher Autonomy: English Language Teaching (ELT) Student Teachers' and Teacher Trainers' Views  

Science.gov (United States)

It was the aim of this pilot study to investigate ELT student teachers' and teacher trainers' views on the use of the EPOSTL in pre-service language teacher education of a Turkish state university. Upon the implementation of the EPOSTL as a reflection tool for the second semester of 2010, 25 student teachers and 4 teacher trainers were interviewed…

Cakir, Abdulvahit; Balcikanli, Cem

2012-01-01

393

Teaching language teachers scaffolding professional learning  

CERN Document Server

Teaching Language Teachers: Scaffolding Professional Learning provides an updated view of as well as a reader-friendly introduction to the field of Teaching Teachers, with special reference to language teaching. By taking a decidedly Sociocultural perspective, the book addresses the main role of the Teacher of Teachers (ToT) as that of scaffolding the professional learning of aspiring teachers.

Maggioli, Gabriel Diaz

2012-01-01

394

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Colorado  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

395

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Kentucky  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

396

Shaping New Models for Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

American teacher education is stuck in an unproductive and dysfunctional pattern. American teacher education programs graduate thousands of newly certified teachers each year, but the evidence that even half of the new graduates are dynamic and capable teachers is weak. The reputations of the teacher education programs through which they pass are…

Rust, Frances O'Connell

2010-01-01

397

The Master Teacher Program: Professional Development for College Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this qualitative study I explored six college (CEGEP) teachers’ perspectives on teaching and learning over a two-year period, as they completed the first four courses in a professional development program, the Master Teacher Program (MTP). Repeated, semi-structured interviews were analyzed, using the complementary processes of categorizing and connecting. Results revealed, through four patterns and three major dimensions, a process of evolution from a teacher- to a learner-centered p...

Susan Kerwin-Boudreau

2009-01-01

398

The Master Teacher Program: Professional Development for College Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this qualitative study I explored six college (CEGEP teachers’ perspectives on teaching and learning over a two-year period, as they completed the first four courses in a professional development program, the Master Teacher Program (MTP. Repeated, semi-structured interviews were analyzed, using the complementary processes of categorizing and connecting. Results revealed, through four patterns and three major dimensions, a process of evolution from a teacher- to a learner-centered perspective.

Susan Kerwin-Boudreau

2009-06-01

399

Reflection in Teacher Education Programmes for Novice EFL Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper focuses on the concept of reflection as an integral component of professional English Foreign Language teacher education. Many scholars have acknowledged its paramount importance in teachers’ training and development and the relevant literature reveals that reflection may herald the beginning of a true learning process towards professional growth, productive change and professional autonomy. Thus, it appears as an imperative need to evaluate whether teacher preparation pro...

Karkaletsi, Panagiota G.

2010-01-01

400

'ICTs' IN TEACHER EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Education in the Indian region faces a number of problems. These problems include the shortage of qualified teachers, very large student populations, high drop-out rates of students and teachers, and weak curriculum. All of these negative aspects result in poor delivery of education. The education crisis is worsened by the devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, increasing poverty, a brain drain in the teaching community, budgetary constraints, poor communication, and inadequate infrastructure.While societies in the region undergo rapid changes as a result of increased access to information, the majority of the school-going youth continue to undergo traditional rote learning. ICTs are one of the major contemporary factors shaping the global economy and producing rapid changes in society. They have fundamentally changed the way people learn, communicate, and do business.

Girdhar lal Sharma

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
401

The role of an external environmental analysis in the strategic management of teacher training colleges in South Africa / Jacoba Elizabeth Fourie  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aims of this study are to determine the nature of strategic management, with specific reference to the external environmental analysis; to analyze emerging trends and challenges in the external environment of teacher training colleges and to provide guidelines for the strategic repositioning of teacher training colleges in South Africa. By means of a literature study it was determined that fundamental changes in the external environment of teacher training colleges in South Africa nec...

Fourie, Jacoba Elizabeth

1994-01-01

402

What Do Today's Teachers Want (and Not Want) from Teacher Leaders?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article looks across six years of teacher leadership research to explore what today's teachers want (and don't want) from teacher leaders. A secondary analysis was conducted on volumes of teacher leader data, focused on teacher leader-teacher interactions, using a "justice" and "integrity"-oriented framework.…

Margolis, Jason; Doring, Anne

2013-01-01

403

Alborz and its Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The success story of Alborz High School was due to a number of factors. The legacy of Dr. Jordan and other of its American founders had set unusually high standards of teaching, behavior, discipline and conduct. Dr. Mojathedi managed to maintain those standards through dedication and hard work, even though there was occasional friction between him and students and teachers. Almost all the students, some of them from the upper echelons of society, came from educated and cultured homes, had per...

Katouzian, H.

2011-01-01

404

Media Literacy for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Help your students analyze the media and its messages by following the links below. What is media literacy? New Mexico Media Literacy Project s definition Kaiser Family Foundation: Key Facts Sheet (PDF) Lesson Plan Links Read Write Think Media Lesson Plan Links for Students PBS for Kids Don t Buy It! TV411 Finding Faulty Logic in Advertising Other Helpful Links University of Oregon Resources Web English Teacher (Links) ...

Southam, T.

2007-06-21

405

Teachers and Humanism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the large investigation in the labor universe, teachers give a good illustration for “Working to be happy” (Christian Baudelot, Michel Gollac, 2003. But the question is about the reasons: what are the anthropological needs that profession answer through its sociological organization? This article investigates the cohesion of the French teachers of all grades, from pre-school level to university, manifest in the last social movement, and which can be understood as an expression of values and educational background. As one of a number of social strategies, the quest for a certain standard of living may outline the main side of this professional choice: a humanist career resolution for women and men as well.At the first level, the study provides evidences of the public-private and republican-liberal cleavage, which against all expectations, actually cuts through the male-female divide. So, if we go back to the analyses of Alain Chenu and Nicolas Herpin (2006, we cannot make conclusions on behalf of this professional category, which has shown strong, compact or homogeneous resistance to the restructuring of the order of civic priorities between equality and freedom. However, the study finds in a second level, that the humanism of the majority of teachers is based on equality of the sexes, security and respect in their work, modest material needs and the importance of time for themselves and their families. This category has found that teaching offers the conditions in which they may uphold values founded on human rights. The cohesion of the French teachers can be understood as an expression against indivudual competition.

Sophie Devineau

2010-06-01

406

Exploring what stabilizes teachers' attention and responsiveness to the substance of students' scientific thinking in the classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers' attention and responsiveness to the substance of students' disciplinary thinking is critical for promoting students' disciplinary engagement and learning, yet such attention is rare and fleeting in American classrooms. In this dissertation, I aim to learn more from teachers who do attend and respond to students' scientific ideas while teaching. I explore the classroom practices of three focal teachers in a professional development program who consistently place students' ideas at the core of their instruction with an eye toward the following research question: What might stabilize teachers' attention and responsiveness to the substance of students' scientific thinking during sustained classroom episodes? Examining three episodes from each teacher, I identify aspects within these episodes that are salient to the teachers and plausibly interrelated with their attention and responsiveness to student thinking. My primary data chapters include analyses of specific pairs of episodes that speak to my broader research question as well as other relevant topics in the literature on attending and responding to student thinking. The first data chapter makes the case that professional development efforts aimed at supporting responsiveness to student thinking primarily help teachers within planned discussions or progressions, but struggle to help teachers adapt their ongoing instruction in response to unexpected directions from students. I examine two episodes in which the discussions that emerged were not preplanned but rather emergent from students' contributions, with an eye toward what initiated and sustained teachers' responsiveness. The second data chapter contributes to discussions on what constitutes favorable change in attending and responding to the substance of student thinking, emphasizing the importance of disciplinary-specific considerations. Finally, I draw on the entire data set in noting specific commonalities within and across teachers, suggesting two complementary professional development approaches: 1) remaining open to and aware of what hooks and sustains individual teachers and their classroom practice, and 2) emphasizing aspects that cut across teachers, which might serve as meaningful foci for professional development efforts aimed at promoting an instructional focus on students' ideas.

Richards, Jennifer

407

WOMEN TEACHERS: A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores the women teachers: a sociological analysis. Women teachers played an important role in teaching profession. Teacher education is manifested locally, as lived experience, in women teacher educators' working lives. particularly through the social regulation of gender conflicts in the workplace - the terms and conditions upon which women are expected to function as 'workers' in the changing contexts of teacher education. Particular attention is paid to intensified research cultures, assessments of professionalism and fiscal restraints. Teacher education is seen as a key example where tensions surrounding female workers are often complex and contradictory, and where reforms have been implemented cross-nationally in a profession which maintains very specific historical and local patterns of work.

Chandrashekar. C

2014-10-01

408

STS 51-L crewmembers participate in emergency egress training  

Science.gov (United States)

Two members of the STS 51-L crew practice emergency egress from the Space Shuttle in JSC's mockup and integration laboratory. Sharon Christa McAuliffe, representing the Teacher in Space project as a payload specialist, prepares to swing from a hatch extension onto a cushion below. Astronaut Judith A. Resnik, one of the 51-L mission specialists, awaits her turn. They are using the full-fuselage trainer for the session.

1986-01-01

409

High school science teachers' perceptions of telecommunications utilizing a Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM)  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to describe high school science teachers' perceptions of telecommunications. The data were collected through open-ended ethnographic interviews with 24 high school science teachers from five different high schools in a single suburban school district who had been in an emerging telecommunications-rich environment for two and one-half years. The interview protocol was adapted from Honey and Henriquez (1993), with the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) (Bailey & Palsha, 1992) providing a conceptual framework for data analysis. For this study, the emerging telecommunications-rich environment included a district-wide infrastructure that had been in place for two and one-half years that included a secure district-wide Intranet, 24 network connections in each classroom, full Internet access from the network, four computers per classroom, and a variety of formal and informal professional development opportunities for teachers. Categories of results discussed include: (a) teacher's profession use of telecommuunications; (b) teachers' perceptions of student's use of telecommunications; (c) teachers' perceptions of barriers to the implementation of telecommunications; (d) teachers' perceptions of supporting conditions for the implementation of telecommunications; (e) teachers' perceptions of the effect of telecommunications on high school science instruction; (f) teachers' perceptions of the effect of telecommunications on student's learning in high school science; and (g) the demographic variables of the sex of the teacher, years of teaching experience, school assignment within the district, course assignment(s), and academic preparation. Implications discussed include: (a) telecommunications can be implemented successfully in a variety of high school science classrooms with adequate infrastructure support and sufficient professional development opportunities, including in classes taught by females and teachers who were not previously computer experts; (b) confirmation of the basic tenets of the CBAM model; (c) the need for a model that addresses nonstatic innovations; (d) the need for a model that addresses concerns of teachers who choose not to implement telecommunications; (e) the need for new assessment strategies; (f) informal professional development, teachers teaching other teachers, is essential in implementing telecommunications; (g) the pressure that telecommunications places upon the science curriculum; and (h) space and safety concerns associated with telecommunications in the science laboratory space.

Slough, Scott Wayne

410

TPACK and Pre-Service Teacher Mathematics Education: Defining a Signature Pedagogy for Mathematics Education Using ICT and Based on the Metaphor "Mathematics Is a Language"  

Science.gov (United States)

National professional standards for teachers in Australia (AITSL, 2011) expect teacher education graduates to demonstrate technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK). Those standards have emerged concurrently with the development of a new Australian mathematics curriculum. Thus, the expectation is that graduates can demonstrate the…

Larkin, Kevin; Jamieson-Proctor, Romina; Finger, Glenn

2012-01-01

411

Teacher education and higher learning.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent years .have witnessed moves in many countries to establish teaching as an all-graduate career. At the level of initial teacher education, certificate and diploma courses have gradually given way to courses leading to Bachelor's degrees, and for teachers qualified for a number of years under the older systems the number of in-service courses leading to degrees has increased. These moves reveal a significant shift in the way their work is viewed by the majority of teachers themselves ...

Hogan, Padraig

1982-01-01

412

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the quality of teacher education at the pre- and in-service stages. Drawing on evidence from a baseline study of primary teacher interactional and disco...

Hardman, Frank Christopher; Abd-kadir, Jan; A, Tibuhinda

2012-01-01

413

The valuation of knowledge and normative reflection in teacher qualification. A comparison of teacher educators, novice and experienced teachers.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The transition from teacher education to work in schools has been described as an “epistemic clash”. Teacher educators’, novice teachers’ and experienced teachers’ valuation of the academic, practical and normative demands of teaching are compared using survey data from teacher education and schools. All groups value academic knowledge and practical skills highly. Teacher educators take a more positive attitude toward inclusion, and differ in their views of the normative demands of ...

Caspersen, Joakim

2012-01-01

414

Emergency exercise scenario tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear power plant emergency exercises require a realistically presented accident situation which includes various aspects: plant process, radioactivity, radiation, weather and people. Experiences from nuclear power plant emergency exercises show that preparing accident scenarios even for relatively short exercises is tedious. In the future modern computer technology and past experience could be used for making exercise planning more effective. (au)

415

Emergency Preparedness at NCI  

Science.gov (United States)

The more you do to prepare for an emergency before something happens, the better equipped you will be to respond. Please take a moment to follow the links below and get the information you will need to build your own emergency plan.

416

USGS Emergency Response Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Every day, emergency responders are confronted with worldwide natural and manmade disasters, including earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, tsunami, volcanoes, wildfires, terrorist attacks, and accidental oil spills.The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is ready to coordinate the provisioning and deployment of USGS staff, equipment, geospatial data, products, and services in support of national emergency response requirements.

Bewley, Robert D.

2011-01-01

417

Emergency Supply List  

Science.gov (United States)

Emergency Supply List www.ready.gov Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit: q Prescription medications and glasses q Infant ... q Matches in a waterproof container q Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items q Mess kits, paper ...

418

Costs of Emergency Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... policymakers from the real cost savings in reducing hospital admissions. Emergency departments are critical to our communities and must be ... hours and equipped itself with every resource a hospital already has on hand. Emergency departments are more efficient, effective and timely in diagnosing ...

419

Emergency presurgical visit  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective has been to create a Protocol of Structured Presurgical Visit applicable to the patients who are undergoing an emergency surgery, to provide the user and his family all the necessary cares on the basis of those nursing diagnosis that prevail in all the cases of surgical emergency interventions. The used method has been an analysis of the emergency surgical interventions more prevalent from February 2007 until October 2008 in our area (a regional hospital, and statistic of those nursing diagnosis that more frequently appeared in these interventions, the previous moment to the intervention and in addition common to all of them. The results were the following ones: the more frequent emergency operations were: Caesarean, ginecological curettage, laparotomy, help in risk childbirth, orthopaedic surgery and appendectomy. The more frequent nursing diagnosis in all the emergency operations at the previous moment of the intervention were: risk of falls, pain, anxiety, deficit of knowledge, risk of infection, movement stress syndrome, risk of hemorrhage, cutaneous integrity deterioration. The conclusion is that users present at the previous moment to an emergency operation several problems, which force to the emergency surgical ward nurse to the introduction of the nursing methodology, in order to identify the problems, to mark results and to indicate the interventions to achieve those results, besides in a humanitarian way and with quality. This can be obtained by performing a Structured Emergency Presurgical Visit.

Alfredo Castro Díaz

2009-07-01

420

Computer technology teacher candidates’ views on the concepts of literacy related to information technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the views of teacher candidates in the department of Computer Education and Educational Technology at Yeditepe University on the concepts of information literacy, digital literacy and media literacy. A descriptive research method was employed in the data analysis procedure. Data was collected through a questionnaire involving 5 questions. The questionnaire was divided into two main parts: a subject profile and open-ended questions. The profile contained demographic and educational characteristics of teacher candidates such as gender, grade level, type of school attended and grade point average. The open-ended questions explored teacher candidates’ views on the concepts of literacy. Qualitative data derived from the open-ended questions was analyzed using content analysis techniques. Two main themes emerged from the analysis of data, including: teacher candidates’ definitions of the concepts and teacher candidates’ views on the use of these concepts in different fields. The findings of the study indicated that teacher candidates’ definitions of information literacy were more complete than their definitions of digital literacy and media literacy. However, they could not identify the main components of information literacy such as using diverse information resources and synthesizing them. It was also determined that teacher candidates’ knowledge of digital literacy was inadequate, and they defined the concept in different ways. As for media literacy, which was one of the major themes of the study, teacher candidates were unable to sufficiently define media literacy in terms of media sources.

Gonca K?z?lkaya Cumao?lu

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
421

Teachers of high ability pupils  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we analyze the characteristics of gifted and talented students’ expert teachers. The subject background and the specific proprieties of the instructional process to meet gifted students’ educational needs are analyzed. The value of teacher-student interactions and of teaching and learning styles are highlighted. Also, we include different action guidelines and instructional resources to use in the classroom to teach these students. There is not an ideal teacher for high ability students. However, teachers must know what the teaching-learning processes are and how these work, and the diverse psychological, content and contextual variables involved in such processes.

Cándido Genovard

2010-04-01

422

Insights for Teachers of Adults  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, I examine the field of adult learners from the teachers’ perspective. Firstly, I identify the characteristics of adults as learners and their particular needs, which teach- ers must be aware of and deal with. Secondly, I propose a combination of adult learners’ characteristics with ‘teaching orientations’, as a basis for further research on teachers of adults’ professional development. Some competencies can be taught in formal settings, but a large amount of the teacher’s career is spent in the classroom where (s)he manage the teaching by practising, and hopefully learning by experience in the field.

Lund Larsen, Lea

423

Electric power emergency handbook  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Emergency Electric Power Administration's Emergency Operations Handbook is designed to provide guidance to the EEPA organization. It defines responsibilities and describes actions performed by the government and electric utilities in planning for, and in operations during, national emergencies. The EEPA Handbook is reissued periodically to describe organizational changes, to assign new duties and responsibilities, and to clarify the responsibilities of the government to direct and coordinate the operations of the electric utility industry under emergencies declared by the President. This Handbook is consistent with the assumptions, policies, and procedures contained in the National Plan for Emergency Preparedness. Claimancy and restoration, communications and warning, and effects of nuclear weapons are subjects covered in the appendices.

Labadie, J.R.

1980-09-01

424

Pedagogical mastery development of vocational schools’ teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???? ? ????????????? ???? ?? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?????????. The article considers the problem of pedagogical mastery development of vocational schools’ teachers and analyses the ways of its resolving within the system of teacher’s professional train...

??????, ???????

2012-01-01

425

Fostering Leadership Skills in Pre-Service Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher leadership is about empowering teachers to take a more active role in school improvement. Current pathways to teacher leadership, namely the Teacher Leader Master (TLM) degree program and teacher-led professional development, mainly target in-service teachers. Less attention has been paid to teacher leadership training in current teacher

Xu, Yuejin; Patmor, George

2012-01-01

426

Teachers Helping Teachers: A Professional Development Model that Promotes Teacher Leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This mixed methods study reports on the outcomes of a professional development model (PDM developed by a K-12 private school in Beirut, Lebanon, after 3 years of its employment. Specifically, an evaluation of this PDM is provided with special emphasis on its potential of developing teacher leaders at school. The PDM embraces a constructivist approach whereby teachers train colleague teachers and some high school students provide ushering services during professional development events. Data was collected using focus group interviews with teacher trainers, surveying teacher trainees and asking student ushers to describe their most important gain from this model using a single statement. Findings of the study highlight resonant school gains from this PDM and underscore its potential in developing not only teacher leadership but also student leadership. The study provides important implications for professional development program designers.

Norma Ghamrawi

2013-03-01

427

The use of German aha in the classroom: Teachers’ demonstration and instrumentalization of aha as a response to the storytelling of children with cochlear implants : The use of German aha in the classroom with cochlear-implanted children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Response particles serve a variety of interactional purposes and are as such an essential element of conversations. One of the purposes response particles are used for is to index a change of state, that is to the display that the speaker has undergone a shift from being un-informed to being informed. In this paper I investigate one specific type of response particle, the German change-of-state token ‘aha’ and how it is used by a teacher in the classroom with prelingually deafened and cochlear-implanted children. ‘Aha’ has been documented to display surprise, thus indicating that an utterance has informed the speaker and marking an epistemic shift from that of –K (not knowing) to + K (knowing) of the producer. Based on 60 storytellings of children with cochlear-implants I show that the teacher in fact uses ‘aha’ for two purposes: firstly, as a demonstration of news receipt after unknown information within the story and secondly, as a tool to acknowledge the child’s effort to improve his/her language production. I conclude with a summary of the findings, discussing the implications the teacher’s differentiated use of ‘aha’ may have for the children and their acquisition of interactional competence.

Mourtou, Eleni

2014-01-01

428

Research trends in mathematics teacher education  

CERN Document Server

Research on the preparation and continued development of mathematics teachers is becoming an increasingly important subset of mathematics education research. Such research explores the attributes, knowledge, skills and beliefs of mathematics teachers as well as methods for assessing and developing these critical aspects of teachers and influences on teaching.Research Trends in Mathematics Teacher Education focuses on three major themes in current mathematics teacher education research: mathematical knowledge for teaching, teacher beliefs and identities, and tools and techniques to support teac

Lo, Jane-Jane; Van Zoest, Laura R

2014-01-01

429

Integrating Ict Into Teacher Education Programme  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher educators are faced with the challenges of preparing a new generation of teachers to effectively use the new learning tool in their teaching practices. ICT is an ocean. This paper focuses the possible usage of ICT in teacher education. ICT teacher training can take many forms. We can organize various ICTuse as: Main content focus of teacher training, Part of teaching methods, Core technology for delivering teacher training, and Facilitate professional development & networking. ICT can...

Geeta Thakur

2012-01-01

430

Teacher Behavior under Performance Pay Incentives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the last decade many districts have implemented performance pay incentives to reward teachers for improving student test scores. Economic theory suggests that these programs could alter teacher work effort, cooperation, and retention. Because teachers can choose to work in a performance pay district that has characteristics correlated with teacher behavior, I use the distance between a teacher’s undergraduate institution and the nearest performance pay district as an instrumental var...

Jones, Michael D.

2012-01-01

431

Evaluating Teachers Ranking Using Fuzzy AHP Technique  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teachers are the backbone of any educational institution and responsible for quality education, a good teacher can produce good student but Indian institutions are very poor in terms of quality teachers, in spite of having well qualified faculty members in their institutions. There is always a question mark about quality teaching. A teacher with good academic records may not necessarily be a good teacher hence there should be a reliable technique to evaluate teachers quality for financial and...

Dr. Hota H.S; Sirigiri Pavani; Gangadhar, P. V. S. S.

2013-01-01

432

STEM Integration: Teacher Perceptions and Practice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To gain a better understanding of teachers’ beliefs about, perceptions of, and classroom practices using STEM integration, a multi-casecase study was conducted with three middle school teachers. These teachers were purposefully selected from a pool of teachers involvedin a year-long professional development module on STEM integration to represent science, mathematics and engineering teachers. Thisstudy addresses the following research questions: (1) What are teachers’ beliefs about and pe...

Wang, Hui-hui; Moore, Tamara J.; Roehrig, Gillian H.; Park, Mi Sun

2011-01-01

433

Teachers Helping Teachers: A Professional Development Model that Promotes Teacher Leadership  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This mixed methods study reports on the outcomes of a professional development model (PDM) developed by a K-12 private school in Beirut, Lebanon, after 3 years of its employment. Specifically, an evaluation of this PDM is provided with special emphasis on its potential of developing teacher leaders at school. The PDM embraces a constructivist approach whereby teachers train colleague teachers and some high school students provide ushering services during professional development events. Data ...

Norma Ghamrawi

2013-01-01

434

Teacher education towards teacher (and learner) autonomy : what can be learnt from teacher development practices?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher education towards teacher and learner autonomy is an ideological, value-laden choice whose purpose and outcomes need to be continuously scrutinised. The authors present three case studies where pre-service student teacher development practices were investigated, and discuss their value and shortcomings as regards their transformative direction. Our experience shows that criticality and role democratisation are difficult to achieve in this context, and that we need to...

Vieira, Fla?via; Barbosa, Isabel Maria Antunes; Paiva, Madalena; Fernandes, Isabel Sandra

2008-01-01

435

Teacher Salaries and Teacher Aptitude: An Analysis Using Quantile Regressions  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the relationship between salaries and scholastic aptitude for full-time public high school humanities and mathematics/sciences teachers. For identification, we rely on variation in salaries between adjacent school districts within the same state. The results indicate that teacher aptitude is positively correlated with…

Gilpin, Gregory A.

2012-01-01

436

Teacher Beliefs and Practices of Kindergarten Teachers in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

A key educational reform proposal made in 2000 is to build a new culture for quality early childhood education through upgrading professional competence. Teachers are an important element of high-quality, developmentally appropriate early childhood programs. The Teacher Beliefs and Practices Survey (TBS) based on 2009 NAEYC Developmentally…

Leung, Chi-hung

2012-01-01

437

Teacher Professional Leadership in Support of Teacher Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Counteracting perceptions of teaching as a profession with a flat career trajectory may require professional leadership opportunities for experienced teachers that differ substantively from those typically available. This evaluation study investigated the results of a professional development initiative for subject specialist teachers seconded to…

Taylor, Mike; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Kinsella, Penny

2011-01-01

438

The teacher´s ethical competences and quality education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we reflect on the teaching profession, on the teachers’ requests and demands and how they can be met. The teacher profession requires to have a high command of knowledge and skills and to keep continually updated. We characterize the requirements of teachers in five areas: to know, to do, to want, to live together and to be, which correspond with the dimensions that the education of students must have in the present society. We consider the teachers’ ethical competences to be essential. The students’ personal full development entails cognitive, emotional and moral development. To promote such development in students it is necessary for teachers to pay special attention to their own personal, cognitive, emotional and moral development. Emotional balance, psychological well-being, satisfaction and commitment to the profession are necessary conditions for quality professional practice.

Emilio García García

2010-12-01

439

Evaluation of Teacher’s Performance Using Fuzzylogic Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most Institutes and Organization use performance appraisal system to evaluate the teachers performance. The teachers performance is very important to the students and as well as school management, in which usually involves crisp and uncertain values to evaluate teacher’s performance. In this paper we proposed to evaluate teachers performance on the basis of different factors, applying into fuzzy inference system (FIS , FIS is the process of formulating the mapping from a given input to an output using fuzzy logic. We can consider some of the most relevant factors, and developed rules will be fuzzified. As input fuzzy variable performance will be fuzzified with suitable fuzzy linguistic variable and ultimately FIS will be developed. This paper explains the comparison of two different membership function and getting more or less similar, So as to achieve the shape of membership function, which is not playing much role to evaluate the performance in positive or negative direction.

Sirigiri Pavani, P.V.S.S.Gangadhar, Kajal Kiran Gulhare

2012-04-01

440

Helen Bonny as Teacher, Mentor and Supervisor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Six individuals who trained with Helen Bonny over the years were asked to reflect on their perceptions of her as as a teacher, a mentor and a supervisor. The experience of these individuals spans the time period of Helen's training, from her first training sessions to her retirement from training. At the Bonny Foundation, they took a three level training; Helen Lindquist Bonny was Director of the Bonny Foundation; Lisa Summer was Director of the GIM Training; Frances Goldberg was Primary Trainer.

We asked each person to address several topics specifically, with some general reflections and memories which the author synthesized into an overview. 

What has emerged from the memories of the seven people contributing to this reflection is a picture of a multifaceted person and her style of teaching, including three outstanding characteristics of Helen. Their valuable insights were in relation to Helen in three roles: teacher in the training seminars, individual supervisor and individual mentor.

Roberta Wigle Justice

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
441

Teaching excellence: what great teachers teach us.  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the shortage of nurse educators, we sought to better understand teaching excellence because it is crucial for developing the next generation of nurses. A grounded theory approach was used. The sample included 17 respondents, thought to be excellent teachers, from universities across the United States. Consenting respondents were asked, "What do you do to bring nursing to life with your students?" Using line-by-line coding and the constant comparative method, five major themes emerged: (a) engagement, (b) relevance, (c) student centeredness, (d) facilitation of learning, and (e) dynamic process of becoming an excellent nursing educator. We found that the core category, engagement, included the faculty being (a) current and knowledgeable, (b) being clear in communication of objectives/outcomes, (c) being student centered, (d) being able to draw all students into active questioning and learning so that the process of discovery is enjoyable, and (e) using multiple strategies in teaching the content. The process of becoming an excellent teacher involved "change from 'instiller' to 'facilitator' and laid the foundation for continued development of my teaching self." Those beginning to teach or seeking to improve their teaching may find the results enlightening. PMID:19751930

Johnson-Farmer, Barbara; Frenn, Marilyn

2009-01-01

442

Acute oncological emergencies.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The number of people receiving systemic anti-cancer treatment and presenting at emergency departments with treatment-related problems is rising. Nurses will be the first point of contact for most patients and need to be able to recognise oncological emergencies to initiate urgent assessment of patients and referral to the acute oncology team so that the most appropriate care can be delivered promptly. This article discusses the role of acute oncology services, and provides an overview of the most common acute oncological emergencies.

Gabriel, J

2012-01-01

443

PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER  

CERN Multimedia

For the beginning of the school year 2002/2003, the A.P.E.G. has an opening for a primary school teacher in the German national language program. The position requires one afternoon of teaching (13:30 till 16:30) every Tuesday at the Collège in Prévessin. The candidate should be a native speaker of German and have some knowledge of French. If you are interested, please send your CV, a copy of your diploma, and a short letter of motivation, until March 10th, to the following address. Madeleine Dittus - Présidente A.P.E.G. 5, La vie Destraz 01630 St. Genis-Pouilly - France

Madeleine Dittus

2002-01-01

444

PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER  

CERN Multimedia

For January 2003, the A.P.E.G. has an opening for a primary school teacher in the German national language program. The position requires one afternoon of teaching (13:30 till 16:30) every Tuesday at the Collège in Prévessin. The candidate should be a native speaker of German and have some knowledge of French. If you are interested, please send your CV, a copy of your diploma, and a short letter of motivation, until December 9th, to the following address. Madeleine Dittus Présidente A.P.E.G. 5, La vie Destraz 01630 St. Genis-Pouilly (France)

Madeleine Dittus

2002-01-01

445

Viscosity: Teacher Page  

Science.gov (United States)

This site teaches students to determine how fluid a liquid really is by measuring its viscosity. The Teacher Page provides background information on viscosity and its relevance to volcanology (the viscosity of magma influences how it will behave in eruptions and lava flows), the formula for determining viscosity, an explanation of the experiment (procedures are on the Student Page), links to the Viscosity Data Tables and the Viscosity Histogram, and densities and viscosities of common liquids and lavas. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's volcanology section.

446

Seeing things through science eyes: A case study of an exemplary elementary teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Science-eyed elementary teachers exhibit relentless passions for replacing traditional teaching with realistic, integrated, responsible instruction with science at its core. The purpose of this study was to explore an exemplary elementary teacher's thinking about science and how it serves as a vehicle for the learning that occurs in her primary classroom. Two research questions were investigated in this study. First, what does it mean for an exemplary elementary teacher to view all learning with science eyes? Second, in what ways does the science-oriented elementary teacher use her knowledge of science content, pedagogy, and practical experience to structure her students' learning and her classroom teaching? A naturalistic methodology was employed in this research effort. Classroom observations, teacher interviews, documents, and selected artifacts were analyzed using a constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Lincoln & Guba, 1985) and the analysis tools of HyperRESEARCH (1994) in an effort to unravel the complex, intuitive knowledge of a nationally recognized first grade teacher. Data analyses provided insightful information about this exceptional teacher and how she organizes, plans, and implements effective lessons that integrate science with all subject areas. Four direct observation themes, Best Practice, Just Like a Scientist, Integrating Curriculum - A Balancing Act, and Expert Pedagogy, and six interview themes, Curriculum - What to Teach?, Instruction - How to Teach, Knowing Students, Getting Stuff, Professionalism, and Reflective Practitioner, emerged from independent analyses of two data sets. Three overall themes, Head, Heart, and Hands of an Exemplary Science Elementary Teacher, emerged from a convergent content analysis. The themes provide the foundation for a proposed model of an expert science pedagogue. Ten portrait-like, impressionistic, vignettes are included in this unique study to capture the spirit of the science-eyed elementary teacher's outstanding work in her first-grade classroom. Conclusions indicate that an in-depth knowledge and genuine passion for science, students, and teaching drives science-eyed teachers. The science-eyed elementary teacher organizes curriculum and instruction with scientific principles and skills of inquiry in mind. She improvises lessons to meet students' needs and interests in science. The science-eyed elementary teacher seeks out other science-eyed teachers. She is unique, inventive, and self aware.

Foster, Andrea Susan

447

Teachers' Conversation with Partial Autobiographies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports a teachers' conversation group that was part of a course in a Japanese as a second language teacher education program. Explains the rationale for using this format and quotes part of a story one student wrote and two stories told by other students on a theme in the written story. Relates these two stories to histories of students'…

Aoki, Naoko

2002-01-01

448

Ancient Chinese Bronzes: Teacher's Packet.  

Science.gov (United States)

The focus of this teacher's packet is the bronze vessels made for the kings and great families of the early Chinese dynasties between 1700 B.C. and 200 A.D. The materials in the guide are intended for use by teachers and students visiting the exhibition, "The Arts of China," at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution in…

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.

449

Deliberate Practice in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Deliberate practice is increasingly recognised as necessary for professional development. This paper sets out to explore in what ways student teachers' learning activities in a teacher education programme can be characterised as deliberate practice. Based on an in-depth exploration of 574 learning activities, our results highlight the…

Bronkhorst, Larike H.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Koster, Bob; Vermunt, Jan D.

2014-01-01

450

Teacher Beliefs and Open Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The beliefs of teachers with respect to open education are discussed. The point is made that a teacher who expresses a desire to move toward an open classroom environment must first come to trust beliefs and values that may be alien to her own beliefs and must learn to value the following ideas: (1) The life of a child in school is not a…

Wlodarczyk, Steven

451

Academic Optimism and Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

What can teachers and schools do to support achievement for all students? Surely this is a basic and critical question for teacher educators as well as families, communities, policy makers--everyone concerned about our children and our future. The question is not new and the answers proposed are legion. What could I add to the conversation? The…

Woolfolk Hoy, Anita

2012-01-01

452

Reimagining Teacher Development: Cultivating Spirit  

Science.gov (United States)

Although well-meaning, some methods of training approach teaching as a one-size-fits-all approach. Yet, there are myriad techniques for teaching and no one method works for all teachers or all students. Indeed, good teachers use a variety of techniques. Unfortunately, search for objective standards by which to measure quality teaching has…

Dress, Amelia

2012-01-01

453

Unexpected Outcomes from Teachers' TV  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author explains why she has unexpectedly become a fan of Teacher's TV. It started when she was asked to show some clips from Teachers' TV as part of a workshop she was leading. She dutifully accepted a CD containing three downloaded programmes about using ICT to teach mathematics and put it into her laptop. Within a few…

Tanner, Ruth

2006-01-01

454

Teacher Education and Social Change.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report reviews the proceedings of the First Asian Conference on Teacher Education held in Bangalore, India, June 1971. The theme of the conference was teacher education and social change. Four aspects of this theme were covered including a) modernization as a process and social ideal, b) socio-economic change and education, c) national goals…

Mehrotra, R. N.; Katiyar, S. N., Eds.

455

Urban Legend in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Many European American pre-service special education teachers participate in activities and coursework to prepare them to engage with diverse students in urban settings. This qualitative study explores the experience of two teacher candidates taking part in one such program. Specifically, the interactions and perceptions of the participants' first…

Smiley, Azure Dee

2006-01-01

456

Teacher Education for Career Changers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a graduate teacher certification program for people with baccalaureate degrees and teachable majors and minors, examining program development, design, recruitment, and admissions processes and discussing the teacher education needs of these post-baccalaureate career changers. The program is responsive to adult learners who are…

Konecki, Loretta; Pottorff, Don; King, Caryn; Lin, Emily; Armstrong, Dorothy; Pryor, Sherrill; Reinken, Barbara; Collins, Sherry; Melin, Jacque; Shroyer, Janet; Eikenberry, Glenda

457

Professional Socialization and Teacher Autonomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study examined how new teachers become socialized into their profession and how this socialization process affects their attitudes toward professional autonomy. A pretest-posttest correlation design was used to investigate the effects of both organizational evaluators' attitudes and prevailing school-staff climate on teacher attitudes toward…

Edgar, Donald E.; Brod, Rodney L.

458

Teacher Research for Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Current in-service education and training programmes (INSET) are often found to be unsatisfactory due to the fact that they do not provide the teachers with opportunities to be actively involved in their development and to reflect on their teaching experiences. This study presents an INSET programme in which Turkish EFL teachers were provided with…

Atay, Derin

2008-01-01

459

Adults and Children as Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children instruct primarily through demonstration and models, while their teachers show a greater reliance on verbal instruction. However, several authors have noted differences between the instructional styles used in classrooms and those used in nonacademic instruction. Nine-year-old teachers use more nonverbal than verbal instruction, and refer…

Ellis, Shari; Rogoff, Barbara

460

Interior Design: Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year interior design programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

Hays, Tricia

 
 
 
 
461

Teacher Certification/Preparation Guidelines.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents guidelines for general and theater specialist K-12 teacher certification developed by the American Alliance for Theatre Education and the Speech Communication Association. Advocates that all teachers have preparation in arts and communication and that theater and communication specialists continue to be trained. (SR)

Kotter, Rita

1990-01-01

462

Organizational Climate and Teacher Commitment  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship of school climate and teacher commitment in elementary schools in Alabama. A total of 67 elementary schools were surveyed and 1353 teachers voluntarily participated in the study. The instruments used in this study were the Organizational Climate Index (OCI) and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ).…

Douglas, Stephen Michael

2010-01-01

463

Studying Diversity in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

"Studying Diversity in Teacher Education" is a collaborative effort by experts seeking to elucidate one of the most important issues facing education today. First, the volume examines historically persistent, yet unresolved issues in teacher education and presents research that is currently being done to address these issues. Second, it centers on…

Ball, Arnetha, Ed.; Tyson, Cynthia A., Ed.

2011-01-01

464

Five Goals for Teacher Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

For more than a generation, education leaders have advocated for policies at federal, state, and district levels to support the spread of teacher leadership. And yet, teacher leadership has not taken hold in either a strategic or systemic way. Why? Perhaps, as Atul Gawande said of the medical industry, while good ideas abound, not all of them…

Coggins, Celine; McGovern, Kate

2014-01-01

465

Will the Courts Save Teachers?  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last few years, all but a few U.S. states have rushed to enact tougher teacher evaluation systems. Spurred by the incentives offered by two federal education initiatives--Race to the Top and the ESEA Flexibility Program--these states have designed teacher evaluation systems designed to "remove ineffective tenured and untenured…

Popham, W. James; DeSander, Marguerita

2014-01-01

466

Teacher's Guide to "Artes Latinae".  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this guide is to assist teachers in the classroom utilization of "Artes Latinae", the Encyclopaedia Britannica Latin instructional system. This guide is intended as a supplement to the publisher's teacher's manual and presupposes familiarity with it. Stress has been placed on the early units of the textbook, since the inexperienced…

Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

467

Second Language Teacher Education Today  

Science.gov (United States)

Second Language Teacher Education (SLTE) is affected by two factors; a rethinking of its knowledge base and instructional practices as a response to changes in our understanding of the nature of SLTE, as well as external pressures resulting from the expanded need for competent language teachers worldwide. The impact of these two factors is seen in…

Richards, Jack C.

2008-01-01

468

Teacher Beliefs and Technology Integration  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this exploratory mixed methods study was to investigate how teacher beliefs were related to technology integration practices. We were interested in how and to what extent teachers' (a) beliefs about the nature of knowledge and learning, (b) beliefs about effective ways of teaching, and (c) technology integration practices were…

Kim, ChanMin; Kim, Min Kyu; Lee, Chiajung; Spector, J. Michael; DeMeester, Karen

2013-01-01

469

Teacher Research: Challenging Our Assumptions  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher research--often called "action research"--is an intentional and systematic inquiry into one's own classroom practice with the goal of improved student learning (Cochran-Smith and Lytle 1993). In this article, the authors present a teacher research p

Ortiz, Christine; Passmore, Cynthia; Dockter, Derek; Christopher, Elizabeth; Villagomez, Gisela; Robins, Lori I.

2009-09-01

470

Teachers and Human Rights Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Why do teachers need to be familiar with human rights? In multicultural societies, whose values take precedence? How do schools resolve tensions between children's rights and teachers' rights? Campaigners, politicians and the media cite human rights to justify or challenge anything from peaceful protest to military action. The phrase "human…

Osler, Audrey; Starkey, Hugh

2010-01-01

471

On-line Learning of an Unlearnable True Teacher through Mobile Ensemble Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On-line learning of a hierarchical learning model is studied by a method from statistical mechanics. In our model a student of a simple perceptron learns from not a true teacher directly, but ensemble teachers who learn from the true teacher with a perceptron learning rule. Since the true teacher and the ensemble teachers are expressed as non-monotonic perceptron and simple ones, respectively, the ensemble teachers go around the unlearnable true teacher with the distance bet...

Hirama, Takeshi; Hukushima, Koji

2008-01-01

472

Brazilian primary school teachers' knowledge about immediate management of dental trauma  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of knowledge of primary school teachers in the public school network of Northeastern Brazil with respect to management of dental trauma and its relationship with prognosis. METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to 195 school teachers of public schools in Northeastern Brazil. The questionnaire comprised 12 objective questions about dental trauma and methods for its prevention and management. Data were submitted to chi-square test and Poisson regression test (P > 0.05). RESULTS: Out of the 141 teachers who responded the questionnaires, the majority were women (70.2%) and most of them had experienced previous dental accidents involving a child (53.2%). The majority (84.4%) had incomplete college education and few were given some training on how to deal with emergency situations during their undergraduate course (13.5%) or after it (38.3%). Their level of knowledge about dental trauma and emergency protocols showed that unsatisfactory knowledge level was associated with the male sex: 46% higher for men in comparison to women (P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of teachers evaluated had unsatisfactory knowledge about dental trauma and emergency protocols, with female teachers showing more knowledge than men.

Pithon, Matheus Melo; dos Santos, Rogério Lacerda; Magalhães, Pedro Henrique Bomfim; Coqueiro, Raildo da Silva

2014-01-01

473

An evaluation of the California Forestry Institute for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the California Forestry Institute for Teachers (FIT) environmental education workshop. There were two populations in this study. FIT workshop participants (n = 224) and agricultural education students (n = 72) of teacher completing FIT training (treatment) and students (n = 122) of teachers with no FIT training (control). FIT participants completed and returned a questionnaire designed to determine a profile of FIT workshop participants and to measure frequency and utilization of workshop materials, curriculum integration, barriers, and workshop improvement. Agricultural education students & teachers completed a forestry & environmental education knowledge and attitude assessment. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation and ANOVA were used to determine mean differences between groups. Findings and conclusions. Typical workshop participant was female, 46 years old, taught 16 years, holds a BS degree, works with elementary age students, resides in metropolitan area and does not belong to a conservation-type organization. As a result a of attending FIT, number of outdoor activities increased, number of environmentally-related filed trips increased and the number of lessons incorporating environmental education topics. FIT participants integrate EE into curriculum for a number of reasons. Lack of time and preparation were barriers, which existed that prevent integration of environmental education into their class curriculum. Participants were satisfied with structure of the workshop format and recommended no changes. Five thematic areas emerged as suggested changes in workshop subject content. A significant difference existed between group knowledge scores of agriculture students of teachers with FIT training compared to students of teachers with no FIT training. There were significant differences in scores of FIT-trained students when a comparison was made by place of residence. No significant differences were found in environmental attitudes between groups although females scored higher than males. No correlation was found between knowledge and attitude assessment scores.

Franklin, Edward Albert

474

Challenges for Emergent Gravity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The idea of gravity as an "emergent" phenomenon has gained popularity in recent years. I discuss some of the obstacles that any such model must overcome in order to agree with the observational underpinnings of general relativity.

Carlip, S.

2012-01-01

475

Reduction, Emergence and Renormalization  

CERN Document Server

In previous work, I described several examples combining reduction and emergence: where reduction is understood a la Ernest Nagel, and emergence is understood as behaviour or properties that are novel (by some salient standard). Here, my aim is again to reconcile reduction and emergence, for a case which is apparently more problematic than those I treated before: renormalization. Renormalization is a vast subject. So I confine myself to emphasizing how the modern approach to renormalization (initiated by Wilson and others between 1965 and 1975), when applied to quantum field theories, illustrates both Nagelian reduction and emergence. My main point is that the modern understanding of how renormalizability is a generic feature of quantum field theories at accessible energies gives us a conceptually unified family of Nagelian reductions. That is worth saying since philosophers tend to think of scientific explanation as only explaining an individual event, or perhaps a single law, or at most deducing one theory ...

Butterfield, Jeremy

2014-01-01

476

Emergency core cooling system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To obtain stabilized operation by preventing over heat in emergency cooling pumps upon accidents of flow regulators. Constitution: A pressure suppression chamber pool and a pressure vessel are communicated to each other with a pipeway and the water in the suppression pool is charged by a charging pump to the pipeway. The pipeway is interposed with an emergency cooling pump so as to feed water in the pipeway to the pressure vessel and a water source and the emergency cooling pumps are connected by way of a closed pipeway. Further, the closed pipeway and the pipeway interposed with the charging pump are communicated to each other by way of a connecting pipeway, to which are interposed an instrument for detecting the increase in the temperature of the emergency cooling pumps due to abnormality in the closed pipe (such as troubles in flow regulators) and outputting control signals and an electrically actuated valve controlled by a control device. (Furukawa, Y.)

477

Project on Emerging  

—David rejeski Director, Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies ...The authors wish to acknowledge the contributions of David rejeski and Deanna lekas of the woodrow ...Gildenhorn, Chair David A.Metzner,Vice Chair

478

Types of Radiation Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... Care Laboratory Law Enforcement Radiation Basics Infographics Radiation Emergency Training and Education Internal Contamination Clinical Reference (ICCR) Application Psychological First Aid in Radiation Disasters Public Health Planning for Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism Radiation Basics ...

479

[Emerging viral diseases].  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases have again entered the public arena in recent years. This is due to factors such as evolving lifestyles, ecological and socio-political upheavals, and recent diagnostic advances. Numerous pathogens, including viruses like West Nile, Chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis on the one hand, and hemorrhagic fever viruses like Ebola and Maburg, are particular concerns. Recently, the Corona virus responsible for SARS, which caused an epidemic sufficiently worrisome to challenge crisis management concepts, was successfully isolated. It is in this context that so-called "bird flu'", may be on the verge of causing a human pandemic. Pox and Monkeypox are "virtually emerging" viruses that have potential for use in bioterrorism. The management and treatment of these emerging infectious diseases calls for new approaches, organizations and infrastructures. PMID:17140098

Bricaire, François; Bossi, Philippe

2006-03-01

480

Emerging technologies in surgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tremendous acceleration and changes in scientific discovery and progress are presently occurring. These important emerging technologies that will affect the practicing surgeon within the next 10 to 20 years are illustrated in detail in this volume. Its purpose is not to review clinical experience of the common surgical practice of the past decade, but to outline and illustrate the future trends. International experts in this field demonstrate emerging procedures and significant advances. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
481

Design of emergency shield  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Manufacturing of an emergency movable shield in the hot laboratories center is urgently needed for the safety of personnel in case of accidents or spilling of radioactive materials. In this report, a full design for an emergency shield is presented and the corresponding dose rates behind the shield for different activities (from 1 mCi to 5 Ci) was calculated by using micro shield computer code. 4 figs., 1 tab

482

LARYNGEAL MYXOMA : EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A sixty five years male presented with stridor and dysphonia in emergency clinic of Govt. CIMS medical college, Bilaspur. Indirect laryngoscopic examination revealed a polypoidal lesion in glottic chink. CT scan evaluation confirmed the findings of clinical examination. Patient was relived of symptoms after emergency tracheostomy followed by surgical removal of polypoidal lesion from right vocal cord by microlaryngeal surgery. Histopathological examination revealed myxoma. Clinical examinatio...

Budhram Singh; Uddesh, Santosh K.

2014-01-01

483

Emerging nanoelectronic devices  

CERN Document Server

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future.  This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh

Chen, An; Zhirnov, Victor; Bourianoff, George

2014-01-01

484

An emergency exercise experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Emergency exercises are held to satisfy regulatory requirements and to hopefully improve emergency response. Unfortunately, simply satisfying the requirement is often the principle concern of those who plan drills. Argonne National Laboratory has detailed emergency plans, and each Division is required to have an emergency exercise at least once each year. However, the pressure to minimize time taken from research efforts reduces the value of many exercises. During the past year, the Health Physics Section at ANL made an effort to optimize the information and training obtained in the time allotted for a drill. The purpose of this presentation is to share our approach and the results of one experience with the anticipation that it will stimulate others to critically look at emergency exercises in their organizations. To be of value, an emergency response exercise must have clear objectives, allow organized reporting, contain a documented follow-up critique, and provide for correction of deficiencies in training and in the emergency plan. A mock criticality incident at ANL was used to test specific emergency response capabilities. The objectives of the 45 minute exercise included testing: (1) how well Health Physics, Fire Department, and Medical personnel would deal with the unexpected find of an unconscientious, contaminated person in a high radiation field; (2) the capability to quickly predict environmental radioactivity concentration for a surprise mock stack releasentration for a surprise mock stack release of fission products; (3) the time required and accuracy for dose assessment from personnel dosimeters, criticality dosimeters and samples of blood and hair which were irradiated to known doses in the Argonne Janus reactor; (4) how well Health Physics personnel would identify and sort 'exposed persons' who had no dosimeters (small radioactive sources were hidden on select persons); and (5) how persons from the evacuated building would be accounted for. As a result of findings, special Health Physics training on criticality was provided and support capabilities are being refined. (author)

485

Oncologic mechanical emergencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prevalence of cancer and its various related complications continues to rise. Increasingly these life-threatening complications are initially managed in the emergency department, making a prompt and accurate diagnosis crucial to effectively institute the proper treatment and establish goals of care. The following oncologic emergencies are reviewed in this article: pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, brain metastasis, malignant spinal cord compression, and hyperviscosity syndrome. PMID:25060246

Khan, Umar A; Shanholtz, Carl B; McCurdy, Michael T

2014-08-01

486

When will Consciousness emerge?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article is a short rewiev about one particular but important and essential question in the field of AI: the consciousness. The main idea is to cast away non-scientific pronouncements about mystics and impossibility in the field. To clear up the basic notions (emergence) and define the main theme - consciousness. The article proposes temporary definition of consciousness, consciousness emergence conditions and how to recognize and test the consciousness.

Imants Vilks

2013-01-01

487

When will Consciousness emerge?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is a short rewiev about one particular but important and essential question in the field of AI: the consciousness. The main idea is to cast away non-scientific pronouncements about mystics and impossibility in the field. To clear up the basic notions (emergence and define the main theme - consciousness. The article proposes temporary definition of consciousness, consciousness emergence conditions and how to recognize and test the consciousness.

Imants Vilks

2013-03-01

488

Emergent Universe by Tunneling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this work we propose an alternative scheme for an Emergent Universe scenario where the universe is initially in a static state supported by a scalar field located in a false vacuum. The universe begins to evolve when, by quantum tunneling, the scalar field decays into a state of true vacuum. The Emergent Universe models are interesting since they provide specific examples of nonsingular inflationary universes.

Labrana, Pedro

2011-01-01

489

Computer Science Teachers Association  

Science.gov (United States)

The website for the Computer Science Teachers Association is sprinkled with computer science word play, but their mission remains quite serious: "The Computer Science Teachers Association is a membership organization that supports and promotes the teaching of computer science and other computing disciplines." For instance, visitors can read an article under "Big News!" on the homepage titled "Why is K-12 CS Education Fading as Digital Economy Grows?" which highlights how much K-12 education in the US has fallen behind in terms of teaching computer science. The article states that "roughly two-thirds the country have few computer science education standards for secondary school education, and most states treat high school computer science courses as simply an elective." Visitors can download the full report for free, which includes state-by-state standards report cards. The "Get Connected!" section of the website can be found on the menu on the left-hand side of any page, and it provides visitors with links to podcasts, videos, their newsletter and blog.

490

Accident and emergency management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increasing potential for severe accidents as the industrial development tends towards large, centralised production units. In several industries this has led to the formation of large organisations which are prepared for accidents fighting and for emergency management. The functioning of these organisations critically depends upon efficient decision making and exchange of information. This project is aimed at securing and possibly improving the functionality and efficiency of the accident and emergency management by verifying, demonstrating, and validating the possible use of advanced information technology in the organisations mentioned above. With the nuclear industry in focus the project consists of five main activities: 1) The study and detailed analysis of accident and emergency scenarios based on records from incidents and rills in nuclear installations. 2) Development of a conceptual understanding of accident and emergency management with emphasis on distributed decision making, information flow, and control structure sthat are involved. 3) Development of a general experimental methodology for evaluating the effects of different kinds of decision aids and forms of organisation for emergency management systems with distributed decision making. 4) Development and test of a prototype system for a limited part of an accident and emergency organisation to demonstrate the potential use of computer and communication systems, data-base and knowledge base technology, and applications of expert systems and methods used in artificial intelligence. 5) Production of guidelines for the introduction of advanced information technology in the organisations based on evaluation and validation of the prototype system. (author)

491

Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Tensions in a High School Mathematics Teacher Internship: The Case of Luis and Sheri  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigate interpersonal difficulties that student teachers and cooperating teachers may experience during the teaching internship by exploring the tension between one high school mathematics student teacher and his cooperating teacher. We identified seven causes of this tension, which included different ideas about what mathematics should be…

Rhoads, Kathryn; Samkoff, Aron; Weber, Keith

2013-01-01

492

Teacher Educators as Role Models:A Qualitative Examination of Student Teacher's and Teacher Educator's Views towards Their Roles  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher Education is considered to be the first and perhaps the most important stage in the professional development of student teachers (Wideen, Mayer-Smith, & Moon, 1998) as teacher educators who work with student teachers during these programs exert significant influence on who students are and will become (Caires, 2007; Chalies, Ria, Bertone,…

Izadinia, Mahsa

2012-01-01

493

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers’ and principals’ expectations and perceptions related to teachers’ leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazar?, one of the two central municipalities in Eski?ehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of eight primary schools were taken as a sample among low, middle, high socio-economic level primary schools in Odunpazar?. 195 teachers and principals participated in this study. In this study a data device which consisted of two sections was used to accomplish the purpose of the study. A personal information form to define teachers’ and principals’ demographical features made the first section, whereas “The Questionnaire of Expectations and perceptions of Teacher Leadership Roles” developed by Beycio?lu (2009 and consisting of 25 items made the second section. Each item in the questionnaire has a five scale Lykert type evaluation and belongs to one of the three dimensions of both perception and expectation. These dimensions are institutional development, professional development and collaboration with colleagues.

Semra K1ranl?

2013-01-01

494

African-American English: Teacher Beliefs, Teacher Needs and Teacher Preparation Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate elementary school teachers' self-perceived beliefs regarding African-American English (AAE), and their professional preparedness to address linguistic needs of AA students in the classrooms. The findings revealed three central issues: (1) teachers had limited understanding of the linguistic…

Gupta, Abha

2010-01-01

495

Writing Teacher Education and Teacher Learning: Testimonies of Four EFL Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In studies of L2 writing, much more attention has been paid to the needs of students learning to write than to teachers learning to teach. In EFL contexts, while much research is geared towards helping learners cope with the challenges of writing in a foreign language, studies on EFL writing teacher education are few and far between. We have…

Lee, Icy

2010-01-01

496

Researching Teachers in Residence: Bringing More Minority Teachers and Preservice Teachers into the Research Arena.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a method for increasing the pool of potential African-American educational researchers. The approach, called Researching Teachers in Residence (RTR), provides opportunities for inservice and preservice teachers to engage in collaborative research with university-based staff and faculty. RTR was started at Grambling (Louisiana)…

Newman, Kathryn A.

497

Organizational Justice Perceptions of Virginia High School Teachers: Relationships to Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Student Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

An emergent research base suggests that teacher perceptions of fairness with respect to interactions with school administrators, decision-making processes, and decision outcomes have much to contribute to our understanding of effective schools. This study focused on the relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship…

Burns, William R. Travis

2012-01-01