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1

The Distribution of Emergency Permit Teachers in California  

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Full Text Available There is a significant negative relationship between the percentage of teachers on emergency permits and student achievement at the school level in California schools, after controlling for other student and school characteristics. Generally, the more emergency permit teachers there are in a school, the lower the school's achievement. This phenomenon is examined in the context of other contributors to student achievement such as socio-economic status and school size. The effects of teacher distribution and school selection as contributing factors are considered. In addition, policy and legislative initiatives related to emergency permit teachers that have been recently debated in California will be discussed. Finally, a set of initiatives is proposed that attempt to decrease the need for emergency permit teachers and ensure that those that must be hired due to shortage conditions have the support they need to become credentialed teachers.

Laura Goe

2002-10-01

2

Passionate Utterance and Moral Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores Stanley Cavell's notion of "passionate utterance", which acts as an extension of/departure from (we might read it as both) J. L. Austin's theory of the performative. Cavell argues that Austin having made the revolutionary discovery that truth claims in language are bound up with how words perform, then gets bogged by convention…

Munday, Ian

2009-01-01

3

Emergent Literacy: Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study reports on the construction of a research instrument developed to examine preschool teachers' beliefs and practices in relation to emergent literacy. A 130-item survey (Preschool Literacy Survey, PLS) was completed by a total of 90 preschool teachers in Norway. Items were grouped into homogenous scales, and the relationship…

Sandvik, Jenny Miglis; van Daal, Victor H. P.; Adèr, Herman J.

2014-01-01

4

BAKHTIN'S THEORY OF UTTERANCE AND DIALOGISM  

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Full Text Available Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin was a Russian philosopher, literary critic, semiotician and scholar. He worked on literary theory, ethics and the philosophy of language. His writings, on a variety of subjects, inspired scholars working in a number of different traditions. According to Bhakti's, an expression in a living context of exchange is termed as “word" or "utterance". It is the main unit of meaning and is formed through a speaker's relation to otherness i.e. other people, others' words and expressions and the lived cultural world in time and place. Bakhtin termed it as "Addressivity" and "Answerability”. It is always addressed to someone and anticipates, can generate a response and anticipates an answer. Discourse/ strings of utterances aretherefore fundamentally dialogic and historically positioned within and inseparable from, a community, a history, a place.

Elizabeth Prakash Christian

2014-04-01

5

Conversation principles and second language utterances  

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Full Text Available Conversation principles, such as those of Grice (1957, 1968, 1975, Austin (1962, Searle (1962, 1969 are formulated to enable interlocutors to interact meaningfully, in a linguistic project. Non-observance and flouting of these principles occur regularly in the verbal behaviours of users of a language, indeed, sophisticated users of a language, sometimes deliberately go against these norms, as stylistic devices in their output. When such non-conformities occur, hearers and readers resort to implicatures, maxims, inferences and their general world knowledge to interpret an utterance. Although the decision to observe some, and not all of the principles during a linguistic encounter, may seem to be taken casually, it is the contention of this paper that such decisions are made deliberately, particularly, by users of a second language. This paper attempts to identify the selection processes involved in the creation of some utterances produced by Ghanaian and Tshivenda second language users of English, using Grice’s verbal interaction maxims. The discussion will focus on the tension between semantic and pragmatic meaning, the factors involved in the creation of linguistic meaning and the role that interaction requirements such as Grice’s conversational maxims and the concept of a New Englishes approach to language play in the creation of some second language utterances.

Phyllis Kaburise

2011-08-01

6

Organizational Socialization Applied to Teacher Induction: An Emerging Conceptual Framework  

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This paper discusses the issues inherent in the teacher induction stage based on a literature review. Literature on organizational socialization is utilized as the theoretical framework and for informing the teacher education literature. A conceptual framework of teacher development is proposed to illustrate the stages from teacher preparation to…

Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Chang, Joohee; Kong, Younghee

2008-01-01

7

EMERGING CONCERNS AND PROBLEMS OF ST TEACHER EDUCATION IN 21 CENTUARY  

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Full Text Available The success of any nation depends on education system. The strength and quality of any educational system depends largely upon a sound programme of teacher education. Educational programme are bound to fail if the quality of teachers are compromised. Hence, the teacher education programme is of utmost importance. The teacher educators have to shoulder a great responsibility of educating the teacher trainees. But now these days there is a growing feeling that teacher training courses are not effective in turning out trained and competent teachers. There are so many reasons are behind this st problem. This article highlights emerging concerns and problems of teacher education in the 21 century and suggestion to improve teacher education programme

Puneet Walia

2014-03-01

8

Teacher Educator Identity Emerging through Positioning Self and Others  

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Research exploring the process of becoming a teacher educator always reveals the difficult balancing act that developing an identity as a teacher educator involves and the articles in this issue do just that. The Rice and McNeil studies of teacher educator identity in this issue are very revealing; they were conducted from the perspective of…

Pinnegar, Stefinee; Murphy, M. Shaun

2011-01-01

9

Spatio-temporal variation of conversational utterances on Twitter  

CERN Document Server

Conversations reflect the existing norms of a language. Previously, we found that utterance lengths in English fictional conversations in books and movies have shortened over a period of 200 years. In this work, we show that this shortening occurs even for a brief period of 3 years (September 2009-December 2012) using 229 million utterances from Twitter. Furthermore, the subset of geographically-tagged tweets from the United States show an inverse proportion between utterance lengths and the state-level percentage of the Black population. We argue that shortening of utterances can be explained by the increasing usage of jargon including coined words.

Alis, Christian M

2013-01-01

10

Growing the Profession: What the Association of Teacher Educators (ATE) Offers to Emerging Scholars  

Science.gov (United States)

Developing a scholarly, professional identity is one of the most difficult aspects of entering the field of higher education and teacher preparation. In this article, the authors describe the birth and success of Association of Teacher Educators' (ATE) Emerging Scholars program, a new program designed to help graduate students and those new to…

Embry-Jenlink, Karen; Peace, Terrell M.

2012-01-01

11

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Ethiopia: Progress and Emerging Challenges  

Science.gov (United States)

This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world--Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of…

Hoot, James; Szente, Judit; Tadesse, Selamawit

2006-01-01

12

Action Research with Undergraduate Preservice Teachers: Emerging/Merging Voices  

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This inquiry investigates action research as a tool to facilitate reflective practice in undergraduate preservice teachers. Typically utilized in graduate programs, action research is a viable tool for increasing preservice teachers' systematic classroom-based inquiry. This process is examined through a theoretical framework of narrative inquiry,…

Carboni, Lisa Wilson; Wynn, Susan R.; McGuire, Colleen M.

2007-01-01

13

Too Many Words: Length of Utterance and Pragmatic Failure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Data collected from both native and non-native speakers' linguistic performances in five request and seven apology situations revealed a systematic difference in length of utterance in speech acts by non-native speakers as compared to native speakers. Deviation from native norms of utterance length can cause pragmatic failure in several ways.…

Blum-Kulka, Shoshana; Olshtain, Elite

1986-01-01

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Knowledge of physical education teachers about emergency management of tooth avulsion  

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Full Text Available A great number of traumatic dental injuries occur at school, during sports-related activities. However, physical education teachers are often not prepared to provide emergency management of dental trauma in general and of tooth avulsion in particular. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion among physical education teachers at public and private schools of a city in southern Brazil. A questionnaire covering personal and professional information and eight multiple-choice questions to assess knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion was sent to 217 physical education teachers. Of a total of 217 questionnaires distributed, 102 returned. Only 23.5% of the teachers had received prior information on dental trauma. When asked about the fi rst action to be taken if faced with an avulsed tooth, only 12.7% informed they would attempt to replant the tooth. Fifty two teachers (51% were not aware of the optimum extraoral time. Signifi cant differences were found between teachers who had and who had not received prior information with regard to adequate transport medium and adequate time for replantation (chi-square, p = 0.03 and p = 0.02, respectively. There is a general lack of knowledge of emergency management of avulsed teeth among physical education teachers, pointing to an urgent need to implement regular, continuing education so as to increase the level of knowledge and improve prognosis of this important traumatic dental injury.

Fernando Branco Barletta

2011-01-01

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Emerging Teachers-Emerging Identities: Trust and Accountability in the Construction of Newly Qualified Teachers in Norway, Germany, and England  

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Within the context of globalisation, this article problematises some of the literature on teachers' professional identities in which a convergence and homogenisation of the profession is implied. It achieves this by focusing on the early experiences of 32 newly qualified teachers in Norway, Germany, and England. The article explores conceptions of…

Czerniawski, Gerry

2011-01-01

16

Linguistic and pragmatic constraints on utterance interpretation  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to model how people understand language, it is necessary to understand not only grammar and logic but also how people use language to affect their environment. This area of study is known as natural language pragmatics. Speech acts, for instance, are the offers, promises, announcements, etc., that people make by talking. The same expression may be different acts in different contexts, and yet not every expression performs every act. We want to understand how people are able to recognize other's intentions and implications in saying something. Previous plan-based theories of speech act interpretation do not account for the conventional aspect of speech acts. They can, however, be made sensitive to both linguistic and propositional information. This dissertation presents a method of speech act interpretation which uses patterns of linguistic features (e.g., mood, verb form, sentence adverbials, thematic roles) to identify a range of speech act interpretations for the utterance. These are then filtered and elaborated by inferences about agents' goals and plans. In many cases the plan reasoning consists of short, local inference chains (that are in fact conversational implicatures) and, extended reasoning is necessary only for the most difficult cases. The method is able to accommodate a wide range of cases, from those which seem very idiomatic to those which must be analyzed using knowledge about the world and human behavior. It explains how, Can you pass the salt, can be a request while, Are you able to pass the salt, is not.

Hinkelman, Elizabeth A.

1990-05-01

17

Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the i...

2009-01-01

18

Acoustic Model Adaptation for Indonesian Language Utterance Training System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: In order to build an utterance training system for Indonesian language, a speech recognition system designed for Indonesian is necessary. However, the system hardly works well due to the pronunciation variants of non-native utterances may lead to substitution/deletion error. This research investigated the pronunciation variant and proposes acoustic model adaptation to improve performance of the system. Approach: The proposed acoustic model adaptation worked in...

Linda Indrayanti; Yoshifumi Chisaki; Tsuyoshi Usagawa

2010-01-01

19

Processing 'yup!' and other short utterances in interactive speech  

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The detection of short utterances in conversational or interactive speech is essential to the proper processing of meaning in spoken interaction. Short, simple utterances are extremely common, and because of their highly variable prosody, carry many different forms of subtle interpersonal information. This paper reports on our approach to this prob- lem and describes some corpora we are working with as well as the results of an analysis showing overlapping segments to be significantly differe...

Campbell, Nick

2011-01-01

20

Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the injuries. The sample consisted 580 teachers from 700 selected schools in Bangalore city. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance between trained and untrained teachers. Among the population 70% were males physical education teachers 30% were females. 95% of the teachers had physical education training and 5% did not have the training. 95% of the population had first aid component and 5% did not have. Only 25% of trained physical education teachers had correct knowledge about tooth identification and 17% among untrained teachers. 81% of trained teachers answered correctly regarding management of fractured anterior teeth against 27.5% of untrained teachers (P< 0.0002. The present report indicates that there is lack of knowledge and practice among physical education teachers in Bangalore city regarding emergency management of dental trauma. Educational programs to improve the knowledge and awareness among the teachers have to be implemented.

Mohandas U

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Insincere utterances and gaze: eye contact during sarcastic statements.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anecdotal evidence suggests that speakers often gaze away from their listeners during sarcastic utterances; however, this question has not been directly addressed empirically. This study systematically compared gaze-direction of speakers in dyadic conversation when uttering sincere and sarcastic statements. 18 naïve participants were required to recite a series of contradictory statements on a single topic to a naive listener, while at the same time conveying their actual opinion about this topic. This latter task could only be accomplished through prosodic or nonverbal communication by indicating sincerity or insincerity (sarcasm) for the various statements and allowed examination of gaze across the two conditions for each participant. Subsequent analysis of the videotaped interaction indicated that, during the time for the actual utterance, sarcastic utterances were accompanied by greater gaze aversion than were sincere utterances. This effect occurred for 15 of 18 participants (3 men, 15 women; M age = 19.8, SD = 1.0) who had volunteered for a small credit in an Introductory Psychology course. Results are discussed in terms of nonverbal communication and possible miscommunication which may apply given cultural differences in use of nonverbal cues. PMID:19544962

Williams, Jason A; Burns, Erin L; Harmon, Elizabeth A

2009-04-01

22

Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: a survey in Bangalore urban schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher's background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher's attitude and the way they handle the injuries. The sample consisted 580 teachers from 700 selected schools in Bangalore city. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance between trained and untrained teachers. Among the population 70% were males physical education teachers 30% were females. 95% of the teachers had physical education training and 5% did not have the training. 95% of the population had first aid component and 5% did not have. Only 25% of trained physical education teachers had correct knowledge about tooth identification and 17% among untrained teachers. 81% of trained teachers answered correctly regarding management of fractured anterior teeth against 27.5% of untrained teachers (P< 0.0002). The present report indicates that there is lack of knowledge and practice among physical education teachers in Bangalore city regarding emergency management of dental trauma. Educational programs to improve the knowledge and awareness among the teachers have to be implemented. PMID:19915276

Mohandas, U; Chandan, G D

2009-01-01

23

MIKHAIL BAKHTIN, LANGSTON HUGHES AND THE POETIC UTTERANCE  

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Full Text Available A critical pragmatics finds good grounding in Bakhtin and Voloshinov’s theory of the Utterance in Marxism and the Philosophy of Language (1929. In this essay I explore and extend the notion of ‘reaccenting’ with that of ‘retexting’ and call attention to the role of textualities in the performance and deformance of written language. Critical pragmatic moves beyond stylistics and proposes a more critical linguistic approach to literary texts. I use critical pragmatics informed by Bakhtin’s theory of the utterance to read Langston Hughes’s dialogic lyrics in Montage of a Dream Deferred (1951 and poetic retexting as a literate and critical practice.

Mark Eugene Amsler

2012-12-01

24

Patterns of participation: a framework for understanding the role of the teacher for emerging classroom practices  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Research on teachersâ?? knowledge and beliefs has grown big in recent years. The larger parts of these fields are built on acquisitionist interpretations of human functioning. We explore the potentials of a participationist framework for understanding the role of the teacher for emerging classroom practices. The framework is built on social practice theory and symbolic interactionism and adopts a processual approach to understanding the role of the teacher. We use the framework in a qualitative study of two teachers with different prior experiences. The study suggests that the framework has some potential and sheds light on the dynamic relationships between the teacherâ??s engagement in the practices of the mathematics classroom and other, personally significant, past and present ones.

Larsen, Dorthe M.; Ã?stergaard, Camilla H.

25

Interrogative Utterances as Discursive Strategy in Legislative Interactional Discourse  

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Full Text Available This paper examines the discourse function of interrogative utterances in legislative interactional discourse (LID. Texts of legislative sessions of the Lagos and Ogun State Houses of Assembly in Nigeria were purposively sampled and analysed using insights from speech acts, conversation analysis and systemic functional linguistics. The analysis reveals that interrogatives in legislative interactional discourse serve two broad discursive purposes of elicitation and directive which enhance propositional development and coherence. Categories of interrogative utterances with elicitation function include elicit-inform, elicit-clarify, elicit-confirm, elicit-agree and elicit-permit. Interrogative directive utterances deployed almost exclusively by the Speaker serve as a turn allocation cue prompting other legislators’ verbal or action response. It is further revealed that, structurally, these directives are expressed as one of the forms May + request, wh-clauses and subject-operator invertednominal phrases. When skilfully deployed by legislators, these interrogative utterances enhance interactional success and improve the process and product of law making and governance in Nigeria.

Lekan Oyeleye

2012-08-01

26

Women’s Voice and Religious Utterances in Ancient Greece  

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This paper tackles the issue of women and religion through a particular looking glass: religious utterances such as curses, supplication, and prayer, as reflected in some passages from ancient Greek epic and tragedy—pivotal literary genres in the ideological discourse of the Greek polis.

Manuela Giordano

2011-01-01

27

Condições de emergência do sindicalismo docente: Conditions for the emergence of teachers' labor unions  

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Full Text Available O surgimento do sindicalismo docente de educação básica constitui o objeto de análise deste artigo. São estudados dois casos de formação de sindicatos: São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro. A questão subjacente consiste em entender porque o sindicalismo docente surgiu décadas após o sindicalismo operário no Brasil. Para a construção de organização sindical são necessárias condições objetivas e subjetivas de parte do grupo social em movimento. Nossa hipótese é de que condições relativas à formação da consciência dos trabalhadores assalariados, tanto quanto condições objetivas, são imprescindíveis para qualquer tipo de organização sindical, particularmente para os docentes de educação básica.This article deals with the emergence of elementary school teachers' labor unions. Two case studies are analyzed, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The aim of this paper is to understand why teachers' unions were created decades after the emergence of working class unions. The creation of labor unions by the social group in question requires objective and subjective conditions. Our hypothesis is that, besides the objective conditions, rising worker's awareness is also essential for the emergence of any type of union organization, particularly teachers' labor unions.

Sadi Dal Rosso

2011-08-01

28

Condições de emergência do sindicalismo docente: Conditions for the emergence of teachers' labor unions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O surgimento do sindicalismo docente de educação básica constitui o objeto de análise deste artigo. São estudados dois casos de formação de sindicatos: São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro. A questão subjacente consiste em entender porque o sindicalismo docente surgiu décadas após o sindicalismo operário no B [...] rasil. Para a construção de organização sindical são necessárias condições objetivas e subjetivas de parte do grupo social em movimento. Nossa hipótese é de que condições relativas à formação da consciência dos trabalhadores assalariados, tanto quanto condições objetivas, são imprescindíveis para qualquer tipo de organização sindical, particularmente para os docentes de educação básica. Abstract in english This article deals with the emergence of elementary school teachers' labor unions. Two case studies are analyzed, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The aim of this paper is to understand why teachers' unions were created decades after the emergence of working class unions. The creation of labor unions b [...] y the social group in question requires objective and subjective conditions. Our hypothesis is that, besides the objective conditions, rising worker's awareness is also essential for the emergence of any type of union organization, particularly teachers' labor unions.

Sadi Dal, Rosso; Hélvia Leite, Cruz; Erlando da Silva, Rêses.

29

Preservice Teachers' Emerging TPACK in a Technology-Rich Methods Class  

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Full Text Available There is a dearth of research on the mechanisms for preservice teachers' development of the pedagogical knowledge necessary for effective use of such technologies. We explored the emergent Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK (Niess 2005, 2006, 2007 of a group of secondary mathematics preservice teachers in a methods course as they designed and implemented technology-rich teaching materials in field settings. Participant surveys and collected assignments were analyzed through the lens of the TPACK framework. The data were also analyzed to examine the trajectory of the participants’ beliefs about the appropriate role of advanced digital technologies in mathematics. The results indicate that the participants’ understanding of technology shifted from viewing technology as a tool for reinforcement into viewing technology as a tool for developing student understanding. Collected data supports the notion that preservice teacher TPACK development is closely related to a shift in identity from learners of mathematics to teachers of mathematics. In a class where advanced digital technologies were used extensively as a catalyst for promoting inquiry-based learning, preservice teachers retained a great deal of skepticism about the appropriateness of using technology in concept development roles, despite their confidence that they can incorporate technology into their future teaching.

S. Asli Özgün-Koca

2009-01-01

30

Acoustic Model Adaptation for Indonesian Language Utterance Training System  

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Full Text Available Problem statement: In order to build an utterance training system for Indonesian language, a speech recognition system designed for Indonesian is necessary. However, the system hardly works well due to the pronunciation variants of non-native utterances may lead to substitution/deletion error. This research investigated the pronunciation variant and proposes acoustic model adaptation to improve performance of the system. Approach: The proposed acoustic model adaptation worked in three steps: to analyze pronunciation variant with knowledge-based and data-derived methods; to align knowledge-based and data-derived results in order to list frequently mispronounced phones with their variants; to perform a state-clustering procedure with the list obtained from the second step. Further, three Speaker Adaptation (SA techniques were used in combination with the acoustic model adaptation and they are compared each other. In order to evaluate and tune the adaptation techniques, perceptual-based evaluation by three human raters is performed to obtain the "true"recognition results. Results: The proposed method achieved an average gain in Hit + Rejection (the percentage of correctly accepted and correctly rejected utterances by the system as the human raters do of 2.9 points and 2 points for native and non-native subjects, respectively, when compared with the system without adaptation. Average gains of 12.7 and 6.2 points for native and non-native students in Hit + Rejection were obtained by combining SA to the acoustic model adaptation. Conclusion/Recommendations: Performance evaluation of the adapted system demonstrated that the proposed acoustic model adaptation can improve Hit even though there is a slight increase of False Alarm (FA, the percentage of incorrectly accepted utterances by the system of which the human raters reject. The performance of the proposed acoustic model adaptation depends strongly on the effectiveness of state-clustering procedure to recover only in-vocabulary words. For future research, a confidence measure to discriminate between in-vocabulary and out-vocabulary words will be investigated.

Linda Indrayanti

2010-01-01

31

Mean Length of Utterance and the Acquisition of Irish  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

One of the most widely used indices of language development is a measure of utterance length in morphemes (MLUm). This study examines the applicability of MLUm to the acquisition of Irish. MLUm was calculated for data from Cian, aged 1;11–3;0. Even when an attempt was made to ‘assume the maximum’ by counting all possible morphemes, the correlation between a morpheme MLU (MLUm) and a word count MLU (MLUw) was very high (0·99). This points to MLUw being as effective a measure of Irish de...

Hickey, Tina

1991-01-01

32

Classroom Academic and Social Context: Relationships among Emergent Literacy, Behavioural Functioning and Teacher Curriculum Goals in Kindergarten  

Science.gov (United States)

The teaching beliefs and classroom practices of 54 kindergarten teachers were assessed using a Q-sort measure. Cluster analysis of the Q-sort responses revealed four instructional approaches that differed in their focus on literacy skills, social development and self-esteem. In addition, measures of emergent literacy skills, classroom behaviour…

Massetti, Greta M.; Bracken, Stacey Storch

2010-01-01

33

The Coordinated Interplay of Scene, Utterance, and World Knowledge: Evidence from Eye Tracking  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies investigated the interaction between utterance and scene processing by monitoring eye movements in agent-action-patient events, while participants listened to related utterances. The aim of Experiment 1 was to determine if and when depicted events are used for thematic role assignment and structural disambiguation of temporarily…

Knoeferle, Pia; Crocker, Matthew W.

2006-01-01

34

Utterance Complexity and Stuttering on Function Words in Preschool-Age Children Who Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relation between utterance complexity and utterance position and the tendency to stutter on function words in preschool-age children who stutter (CWS). Two separate studies involving two different groups of participants (Study 1, n = 30; Study 2, n = 30) were conducted. Participants were…

Richels, Corrin; Buhr, Anthony; Conture, Edward; Ntourou, Katerina

2010-01-01

35

Impact of educational posters on the lay knowledge of school teachers regarding emergency management of dental injuries.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge of school teachers about the emergency management of dental trauma, after an educational poster campaign. A total of 1000 questionnaires were sent to 100 schools in the area where the poster had been distributed. This was compared to another 100 schools (1000 questionnaires) in an area, Where the poster had not been distributed. The questionnaire surveyed demographic data, basic knowledge of emergency management of tooth fracture, luxation and avulsion injuries. A total of 511 questionnaires were returned (25.5%) and analyzed. Results showed differences between the two assessed areas. Teachers, who worked in the area with poster distribution, had better knowledge in handling tooth injuries. For the management of tooth fractures the portion of teachers, who knew the correct handling procedure, was 78.9% (area with poster campaign) vs 72.1% (area with no poster campaign), for the management of tooth luxation it was 87% vs 84% and for the management of tooth avulsion it was 71% vs 54%. In the area with the poster campaign 49% (n = 90 out of 185) of the teachers stated to have gained some knowledge about this topic beforehand. Out of these, 75 teachers (75/90 = 83%), had gained their information from the educational poster. Out of the 75 teachers, who had seen a poster on this topic, 68 (68/75 = 91%) would have managed such an emergency correctly. The present study shows the positive effect of educational poster campaigns. It therefore should encourage professionals in this field to embark on similar projects. PMID:19519860

Lieger, Olivier; Graf, Christoph; El-Maaytah, Mohammed; Von Arx, Thomas

2009-08-01

36

Emergence of Confucianism from Teachers' Definitions of Guidance and Discipline in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers in Hong Kong, as elsewhere, are concerned with students' misbehaviour. In secondary schools two teams of teachers, a guidance team and a discipline team, deal with it. This article examines how teachers make sense of their caring work and strategies for behaviour management. Taking an interactionist perspective, the framework suggested by…

Hue, Ming-Tak

2007-01-01

37

Mean length of utterance and the acquisition of Irish.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the most widely used indices of language development is a measure of utterance length in morphemes (MLUm). This study examines the applicability of MLUm to the acquisition of Irish. MLUm was calculated for data from Cian, aged 1; 11-3; 0. Even when an attempt was made to 'assume the maximum' by counting all possible morphemes, the correlation between a morpheme MLU (MLUm) and a word count MLU (MLUw) was very high (0.99). This points to MLUw being as effective a measure of Irish development as MLUm, as well as being easier to apply and more reliable. MLUw was calculated for the two younger children in the study (Eibhlís 1; 4-2; 1 and Eoin 1; 10-2; 6). An examination of the relationship between the three children's MLUw values and their grammatical complexity as measured on ILARSP (the Irish adaptation of LARSP) indicates that MLUw is a useful preliminary index for early development in Irish. However, further data are necessary to check whether MLUw loses its predictive relationship with grammatical complexity after a certain point. The study emphasizes the caution necessary in applying MLU to languages whose acquisition has not hitherto been studied, and underlines the role of MLU as a preliminary measure, which must not be overinterpreted. PMID:1761613

Hickey, T

1991-10-01

38

Conceptual Memory: A Theory and Computer Program for Processing the Meaning Content of Natural Language Utterances.  

Science.gov (United States)

Humans perform vast quantities of spontaneous, subconscious computation in order to understand even the simplest language utterances. The computation is principally meaning-based. With syntax and traditional semantics playing insignificant roles. This the...

C. J. Rieger

1974-01-01

39

Emerging Innovative Teacher Education from Situated Cognition in a Web-Based Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the authors first discuss the main rationales of situated cognition and its connections with innovation in teacher education. The challenges that might occur in applying situated cognition in teacher education programs, including insufficient opportunities for cognition apprenticeship, limited social interactions, and constraints in…

Lin, Tzu-Chiang; Hsu, Ying-Shao; Cheng, Yeong-Jing

2011-01-01

40

Teachers' Emergent Goals in Spreadsheet-Based Lessons: Analyzing the Complexity of Technology Integration  

Science.gov (United States)

We examine teachers' classroom activities with the spreadsheet, focusing especially on episodes marked by improvisation and uncertainty. The framework is based on Saxe's cultural approach to cognitive development. The study considers two teachers, one positively disposed towards classroom use of technology, and the other not, both of them…

Lagrange, Jean-Baptiste; Erdogan, Emel Ozdemir

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Integrating mathematics and other learning areas: Emerging tensions from a study Involving four classroom teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents findings from a pilot study that investigated the extent to which teachers make connections between mathematical concepts and concepts from other disciplines. Data from concept maps and interviews were collected. The analysis revealed that the kinds of connections teachers made are closely tied to teachers’ disciplines of specialisation. The findings suggest that for some teachers, though desirable, it may not be feasible to require them to make connections with disciplines that are not within their areas of specialisation. This presents tensions for learners learning mathematics in classrooms where opportunities for making connections between mathematics and other learning areas are available but are neither taken up nor appropriately used by teachers.

Willy Mwakapenda

2011-07-01

42

Understanding the role of the teacher in emerging classroom practices : searching for patterns of participation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The relationship between acquisitionism and participationism is a challenge in research on and with teachers. This study uses a patterns-of-participation framework (PoP), which aims to develop coherent and dynamic understandings of teaching as well as to meet the conceptual and methodological problems of other approaches. The paper presents PoP theoretically, but also illustrates its empirical use. It presents a novice teacher, Anna, who often engages with mathematics and with aspects of â??the reformâ?? in ways that link well with how she builds relationships with her students and positions herself in her team of teachers. However, in other situations her engagement with mathematics is overshadowed by her involvement in other practices. The study suggests that there is some potential in PoP in spite of methodological difficulties.

Skott, Jeppe

2013-01-01

43

Teachers' Emerging Stances and Repertoires towards Reconciliation: Potential and Challenges in Greek-Cypriot Education  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we examine Greek-Cypriot teachers' positions towards the--largely unfamiliar--concept of reconciliation within the Greek-Cypriot community. Looking at a set of 40 interviews conducted in spring 2009, this study is set against the broader historical context of the continuing Cyprus Problem and the development of ethnic rivalry between…

Zembylas, Michalinos; Charalambous, Panayiota; Charalambous, Constadina

2011-01-01

44

Recognizing phrase and utterance as prosodic units in non-tonal dialects of Kammu  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a study of prosodic phras-ing in a non-tonal dialect of Kammu, a Mon-Khmer language spoken in Northern Laos. Prosodic phrasing is seen as correlated with syntactic and informational structures, and the description is made referring to these two lev-els. The material investigated comprises sen-tences of different lengths and syntactic struc-tures, uttered by seven male speakers. It is found that, based on prosodic cues, the distinc-tion between prosodic utterance and prosod...

Karlsson, Anastasia; House, David; Tayanin, Damrong

2008-01-01

45

Comprehension of Ambiguity and Other Polysemous Utterances: Presented in Spoken Mode.  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed to assess listeners' comprehension of ambiguous and polysemous utterances, this instrument is a series of 24 statements that include varying degrees and types of ambiguity. Subjects listen to prerecorded audio tapes of these statements, presented in a neutral tone that provides no stress or pitch cues to aid "disambiguation." Subjects are…

Brause, Rita S.

46

The Effect of Nonverbal Cues on the Interpretation of Utterances by People with Visual Impairments  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: The purpose of this article is to explore the effect of nonverbal information (gestures and facial expressions) provided in real time on the interpretation of utterances by people with total blindness. Methods: The article reports on an exploratory study performed on two groups of participants with visual impairments who were tested…

Sak-Wernicka, Jolanta

2014-01-01

47

The Phonological Mean Length of Utterance: Methodological Challenges from a Crosslinguistic Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study assesses the phonological development of 17 children acquiring Finnish at the developmental point of 25 words (ages 1;2-2;0). The analysis is made using the "PHONOLOGICAL MEAN LENGTH OF UTTERANCE" (PMLU) method (Ingram & Ingram, 2001; Ingram, 2002), which focuses on the children's whole-word productions. Two separate analyses are…

Saaristo-Helin, Katri; Savinainen-Makkonen, Tuula; Kunnari, Sari

2006-01-01

48

Linguistic Acts Teachers Use in the Classroom: Verbal Stimuli  

Science.gov (United States)

Utterances made by teachers to meet various educational aims in the classroom have a certain effect on student learning. The quality of teachers' linguistic acts influences efficiency in all aspects of the methods, techniques and strategies used in the instructional process. This study has been conducted to reveal the verbal behaviors that…

Karaduz, Adnan

2010-01-01

49

The Relationship between Means-End Task Analysis and Context-Specific and Global Self-Efficacy in Emergency Certification Teachers: Exploring a New Model of Teacher Efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

While consistently related to positive teacher behaviors and student outcomes, teacher efficacy as a construct is currently the subject of debate. The present study examined a new model of teacher efficacy (Tschannen-Moran, Woolfolk Hoy, & Hoy, 1998) that proposes to more clearly define important variables and integrate two theoretical traditions…

Henson, Robin K.; Bennett, D. Tyson; Sienty, Sarah F.; Chambers, Sharon M.

50

Hierarchy of conversational rule violations involving utterance-based augmentative and alternative communication systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of using messages with conversational rule violations on attitudes toward people who used utterance-based augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems in transactional interactions. Specifically, the ratings were compared across messages with relevance, informativeness, and brevity violations, when latency remained constant (i.e., short). The 96 participating sales clerks viewed scripted, videotaped bookstore conversations and completed an attitude questionnaire. Results indicated that the prestored message with repeated words/phrases was rated the highest, followed by the message with excessive information; next was the message with inadequate information, followed by the message with partly relevant information. The findings may be useful to those using utterance-based systems when making message choices during interactions with service providers. Technological implications point to the development of schema/script-based systems and intelligent editing. PMID:18465368

Hoag, Linda A; Bedrosian, Jan L; McCoy, Kathleen F; Johnson, Dallas E

2008-01-01

51

Utterance final lengthening and focus induced lengthening in standard Chinese bi-syllabic words  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the patterns of durational adjustment of bi-syllabic words in Standard Chinese when different constituents of the word are focused for correction. Results show that both focus-induced lengthening and utterance final lengthening exists in Chinese bi-syllabic words. The distribution of final lengthening is non-uniform. The final-lengthening pattern of target words is progressive, while the focus lengthening doesn’t have a certain pattern in lengthening, no progressive leng...

Chen, Hongjuan

2006-01-01

52

Grounding is not shared understanding : distinguishing grounding at an utterance and knowledge level  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper argues that for the study and facilitation of collaborative learning, existing theories of grounding such as that of Clark and Shaefer [5] cannot be applied without adjustments. When comparing collaborative learning and conversation, four dimensions can be identified where grounding at a knowledge level differs from the grounding at an utterance level. Firstly, the indirect access and the existence of a range of manifest meanings, poses the need for a notion of ‘groundedness'. Se...

Cherubini, Mauro; Pol, Jakko; Dillenbourg, Pierre

2005-01-01

53

Grounding is not Shared Understanding: Distinguishing Grounding at an Utterance and Knowledge Level  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper argues that for the study and facilitation of collaborative learning, existing theories of grounding such as that of Clark and Shaefer [5] cannot be applied without adjustments. When comparing collaborative learning and conversation, four dimensions can be identified where grounding at a knowledge level differs from the grounding at an utterance level. Firstly, the indirect access and the existence of a range of manifest meanings, poses the need for a notion of `groundedness'. Se...

Cherubini, Mauro; Pol, Jakko

2005-01-01

54

Thinking soap But Speaking ‘oaps’. The Sound Preparation Period: Backward Calculation From Utterance to Muscle Innervation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

In this article’s model—on speech and on speech errors, dyscoordinations, and disorders—, the time-course from the muscle innervation impetuses to the utterance of sounds as intended for canonical speech sound sequences is calculated backward. This time-course is shown as the sum of all the known physiological durations of speech sounds and speech gestures that are necessary to produce an utterance. The model introduces two internal clocks, based on positive or negative factors, representing certain physiologically-based time-courses during the sound preparation period (Lautvorspann. The use of these internal clocks show that speech gestures—like other motor activities—work according to a simple serialization principle: Under non-default conditions,
alterations of the time-courses may cause speech errors of sound serialization, dyscoordinations of sounds as observed during first language acquisition, or speech disorders as pathological cases. These alterations of the time-course are modelled by varying the two internal-clock factors. The calculation of time-courses uses as default values the sound durations of the context-dependent Munich PHONDAT Database of Spoken German (see Appendix 4. As a new, human approach, this calculation agrees mathematically with the approach of Linear Programming / Operations Research. This work gives strong support to the fairly old suspicion (of 1908 of the famous Austrian speech error scientist Meringer [15], namely that one mostly thinks and articulates in a different serialization than is audible from one’s uttered sound sequences.

Nora Wiedenmann

2010-04-01

55

Japanese mothers’ utterances about agents and actions during joint picture-book reading  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study extended the research on the scaffolding provided by mothers while reading picture books with their children from a focus on conversational styles related to labeling to a focus on those related to agents and actions to clarify the process by which language develops from the one-word to the syntactic stage. We clarified whether mothers decreased the degree of scaffolding in their initiation of conversations, in the responses to their children’s utterances, and in the choice of referential ranges of their utterances. We also investigated whether maternal conversational styles contributed to the development of their children’s vocabularies. Eighteen pairs of Japanese mothers and their children were longitudinally observed when the children were 20 and 27 months of age. The pairs were given a picture book depicting 24 animals engaged in everyday behavior. The mothers shifted their approach in the initiation of conversation from providing to requesting information as a function of their children’s age. The proportion of maternal elaborative information-seeking responses was positively correlated with the size of their children’s productive vocabulary. In terms of referential choices, mothers broadened the range of their references as their children aged. In terms of the contribution of maternal conversational styles to children’s vocabulary development, the use of a maternal elaborative information-seeking style when the children were 20 months of age predicted the size of the children’s productive vocabulary at 27 months. These results indicate that mothers decrease the degree of scaffolding by introducing more complex information into the conversations and transferring the role of actively producing information to their children by requesting information as their children develop. The results also indicate that these conversational styles promote the development of children’s vocabularies during the transition from the one-word to the syntactic stage.

ToshikiMURASE

2014-05-01

56

Japanese mothers' utterances about agents and actions during joint picture-book reading.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study extended the research on the scaffolding provided by mothers while reading picture books with their children from a focus on conversational styles related to labeling to a focus on those related to agents and actions to clarify the process by which language develops from the one-word to the syntactic stage. We clarified whether mothers decreased the degree of scaffolding in their initiation of conversations, in the responses to their children's utterances, and in the choice of referential ranges of their utterances. We also investigated whether maternal conversational styles contributed to the development of their children's vocabularies. Eighteen pairs of Japanese mothers and their children were longitudinally observed when the children were 20 and 27 months of age. The pairs were given a picture book depicting 24 animals engaged in everyday behavior. The mothers shifted their approach in the initiation of conversation from providing to requesting information as a function of their children's age. The proportion of maternal elaborative information-seeking responses was positively correlated with the size of their children's productive vocabulary. In terms of referential choices, mothers broadened the range of their references as their children aged. In terms of the contribution of maternal conversational styles to children's vocabulary development, the use of a maternal elaborative information-seeking style when the children were 20 months of age predicted the size of the children's productive vocabulary at 27 months. These results indicate that mothers decrease the degree of scaffolding by introducing more complex information into the conversations and transferring the role of actively producing information to their children by requesting information as their children develop. The results also indicate that these conversational styles promote the development of children's vocabularies during the transition from the one-word to the syntactic stage. PMID:24847288

Murase, Toshiki

2014-01-01

57

Japanese mothers' utterances about agents and actions during joint picture-book reading  

Science.gov (United States)

This study extended the research on the scaffolding provided by mothers while reading picture books with their children from a focus on conversational styles related to labeling to a focus on those related to agents and actions to clarify the process by which language develops from the one-word to the syntactic stage. We clarified whether mothers decreased the degree of scaffolding in their initiation of conversations, in the responses to their children’s utterances, and in the choice of referential ranges of their utterances. We also investigated whether maternal conversational styles contributed to the development of their children’s vocabularies. Eighteen pairs of Japanese mothers and their children were longitudinally observed when the children were 20 and 27 months of age. The pairs were given a picture book depicting 24 animals engaged in everyday behavior. The mothers shifted their approach in the initiation of conversation from providing to requesting information as a function of their children’s age. The proportion of maternal elaborative information-seeking responses was positively correlated with the size of their children’s productive vocabulary. In terms of referential choices, mothers broadened the range of their references as their children aged. In terms of the contribution of maternal conversational styles to children’s vocabulary development, the use of a maternal elaborative information-seeking style when the children were 20 months of age predicted the size of the children’s productive vocabulary at 27 months. These results indicate that mothers decrease the degree of scaffolding by introducing more complex information into the conversations and transferring the role of actively producing information to their children by requesting information as their children develop. The results also indicate that these conversational styles promote the development of children’s vocabularies during the transition from the one-word to the syntactic stage.

Murase, Toshiki

2013-01-01

58

Phonological Mean Length of Utterance in Specific Language Impairment: A Multi-Case Study of Children Acquiring Finnish  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assesses the phonological development of four Finnish-speaking children (ages 4;8, 4;9, 4;9 and 5;5) with specific language impairment (SLI) and dyspractic features in speech. The analysis is performed using the phonological mean length of utterance (pMLU) method. Moreover, the children's phonological abilities are evaluated…

Kunnari, Sari; Saaristo-Helin, Katri; Savinainen-Makkonen, Tuula

2012-01-01

59

ICT in Teacher Education in an Emerging Developing Country: Vietnam's Baseline Situation at the Start of "The Year of ICT"  

Science.gov (United States)

In many developing countries, integration of ICT is a key component of an educational reform agenda. These countries can draw on a tradition of research in the developed world on factors determining integration of ICT in education. In this tradition, this study investigates the current situation of ICT integration in teacher education in Vietnam,…

Peeraer, Jef; Van Petegem, Peter

2011-01-01

60

Reflections about the Voices Contributing to the Constitution of the Literacy Teacher’s Professional Subjectivity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by filming the activities carried out in an extension course, edited and then analyzed based on Bakhtinian concepts of language and dialogism. The utterances reveal their teaching beliefs and uncertainties about the appropriate literacy methods, learned in a fragmented and superficial way. It is through the process of understanding a language concept as interlocution, focusing on the subject and his/her history, that the literacy teacher may surpass fads and strengthens himself/herself as the individual responsible for the critical appropriation of reading and writing as taught in school.

Maria Lidia Sica Szymanski

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
61

Children's ambiguous utterances: a re-examination of processing limitations on production.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to convey the optimal amount of information during conversation is a fundamental aspect of language use. In this study the relationship between children's failures to produce unambiguous utterances and the mental effort demands of the communication task was investigated. Five-, six-, seven- and nine-year-old children performed a message production task and a finger-tapping task both separately and simultaneously. The decrease in finger-tapping frequency during the simultaneous performance was used as an estimate of effort demands of the message production task. Working memory capacity was assessed by means of a spatial memory test and an object features identification task. Children's intuitions about message adequacy were recorded in two message evaluation tasks. By age six children proved to be able to select the relevant information when they were explicitly asked to do so, indicating that effort demands of the communication task did not exceed their computational resources. However, results suggested that the relative effort requirements of the communication task decrease with increasing age. These findings support a performance theory of communication development in which effort demands are a determinant of children's message adequacy. PMID:7759576

Surian, L

1995-02-01

62

Developing and Rewarding Excellent Teachers: The Scottish Chartered Teacher Scheme  

Science.gov (United States)

The Scottish Chartered Teacher Scheme was designed to recognise and reward teachers who attained high standards of practice. The scheme emerged in 2001 as part of an agreement between government, local employing authorities and teacher organisations. Policies such as the chartered teacher scheme aim to benefit students in two main ways: by…

Ingvarson, Lawrence

2009-01-01

63

POLIFONIA EM ENUNCIADOS NEGATIVOS: VOZES QUE HABITAM O DIZER "NÃO" / Polyphony in Negative Utterances  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente artigo centra-se na análise de um questionário aplicado, por ocasião de um programa de treinamento, a um grupo de trabalhadores responsáveis pela supervisão das atividades de operários numa fábrica de produção de pneus situada no Brasil. O questionário deveria revelar o "estilo de lideran [...] ça" exercido por cada chefe de equipe, sendo consideradas cinco diferentes possibilidades: os estilos autocrata, demagógico, demissionário, mediador e participativo. O perfil participativo é visto pelo autor do questionário como "o mais adequado", uma vez que promoveria a conciliação entre os objetivos pessoais dos operários e os objetivos industriais. Com base numa concepção polifônica dos enunciados negativos, a análise realizada permitiu concluir que, além dos cinco estilos previstos no questionário, um sexto perfil se deixa entrever, o qual parece coincidir com" a voz da empresa". A presença desse sexto perfil explicita a pluralidade e complexidade dos saberes que se atualizam no contexto das interações em situação de trabalho. Abstract in english This paper focuses on the analysis of a written questionnaire administered to a group of foremen working in a tyre factory in Brazil. The questionnaire is designed to reveal the" style of leadership" carried out by each member of the group, among five possible variants: autocratical, demagogical, re [...] signing, mediative and participative. The participative profile is seen by the author of the questionnaire as "the adequate one", in as much as it harmonises workmen’s personal and organisational interests. On the basis of a polyphonic conception of negative utterances the case is made for a more complex view of the questionnaire: beyond the five profiles critically antecipated, a sixth one is contemplated, which seems to coincide clearly with what we call "the voice of the organisation", putting forward different kinds of knowledge in the context of interactions at work.

Décio Orlando Soares da, Rocha.

64

POLIFONIA EM ENUNCIADOS NEGATIVOS: VOZES QUE HABITAM O DIZER "NÃO" Polyphony in Negative Utterances  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente artigo centra-se na análise de um questionário aplicado, por ocasião de um programa de treinamento, a um grupo de trabalhadores responsáveis pela supervisão das atividades de operários numa fábrica de produção de pneus situada no Brasil. O questionário deveria revelar o "estilo de liderança" exercido por cada chefe de equipe, sendo consideradas cinco diferentes possibilidades: os estilos autocrata, demagógico, demissionário, mediador e participativo. O perfil participativo é visto pelo autor do questionário como "o mais adequado", uma vez que promoveria a conciliação entre os objetivos pessoais dos operários e os objetivos industriais. Com base numa concepção polifônica dos enunciados negativos, a análise realizada permitiu concluir que, além dos cinco estilos previstos no questionário, um sexto perfil se deixa entrever, o qual parece coincidir com" a voz da empresa". A presença desse sexto perfil explicita a pluralidade e complexidade dos saberes que se atualizam no contexto das interações em situação de trabalho.This paper focuses on the analysis of a written questionnaire administered to a group of foremen working in a tyre factory in Brazil. The questionnaire is designed to reveal the" style of leadership" carried out by each member of the group, among five possible variants: autocratical, demagogical, resigning, mediative and participative. The participative profile is seen by the author of the questionnaire as "the adequate one", in as much as it harmonises workmen’s personal and organisational interests. On the basis of a polyphonic conception of negative utterances the case is made for a more complex view of the questionnaire: beyond the five profiles critically antecipated, a sixth one is contemplated, which seems to coincide clearly with what we call "the voice of the organisation", putting forward different kinds of knowledge in the context of interactions at work.

Décio Orlando Soares da Rocha

1998-02-01

65

Proceedings of the eleventh national convention of chemistry teachers and national seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protection to ecology and biodiversities is a challenge before us. Environment friendly chemistry is a need of the time, which will certainly reduce or eliminate hazardous elements of the environment. The seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry will pave a way that will lead to extensive use of green chemistry concept. The brain storming session of the seminar shall have a impact on research and development in this area. The souvenir certainly reflects the novel ideas in the area. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately

2011-01-01

66

Engaging teachers, interpreters and emergency management educators in disaster preparedness and EarthScope science through joint professional development workshops (Invited)  

Science.gov (United States)

The same geological forces that form the spectacular beaches and headlands of the Pacific Northwest also threaten lives and infrastructure with earthquakes and tsunamis. A new project called the Cascadia EarthScope, Earthquake, and Tsunami Education Program (CEETEP), is helping to mitigate the effects of these potential disasters through collaboration building and professional development for K-12 teachers, park and museum interpreters, and emergency management outreach educators in communities along the Oregon and Washington coast. Tens of thousands of Oregon and Washington residents live within severe earthquake-shaking and tsunami-inundation zones, and millions of tourists visit state and federal parks in these same areas each year. Teachers in the K-12 school systems convey some basics about geological hazards to their students, and park rangers and museum educators likewise engage visitors at their sites. Emergency management educators make regular presentations to local residents about disaster preparedness. CEETEP is strengthening these efforts by providing community-based workshops that bring together all of these professionals to review the basic science of earthquakes and tsunamis, learn about EarthScope and other research efforts that monitor the dynamic Earth in the region, and develop ways to collectively engage students and the general public on the mitigation of coastal geologic hazards. As part of a nationwide effort, the NSF EarthScope Program has been deploying hundreds of seismic, GPS, and other geophysical instruments to measure movement of the Earth's crust and detect earthquakes along the Cascadia Subduction Zone. These instruments provide detail for ongoing research showing that coastal regions are storing energy that will be released in the next great Cascadia earthquake, with the resulting tsunami arriving onshore in 30 minutes or less. CEETEP is helping to convey these cutting-edge findings to coastal educators and fulfill EarthScope's intended broader impact of contributing 'to the mitigation of risks from geological hazards ... and the public's understanding of the dynamic Earth.' Preliminary results from CEETEP's 2013 August and October workshops will be presented.

Pratt-Sitaula, B. A.; Lillie, R. J.; Butler, R. F.; Hunter, N.; Magura, B.; Groom, R.; Hedeen, C. D.; Johnson, J. A.; Ault, C.; Olds, S. E.

2013-12-01

67

Using naturalistic utterances to investigate vocal communication processing and development in human and non-human primates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Humans and several non-human primates possess cortical regions that are most sensitive to vocalizations produced by their own kind (conspecifics). However, the use of speech and other broadly defined categories of behaviorally relevant natural sounds has led to many discrepancies regarding where voice-sensitivity occurs, and more generally the identification of cortical networks, "proto-networks" or protolanguage networks, and pathways that may be sensitive or selective for certain aspects of vocalization processing. In this prospective review we examine different approaches for exploring vocal communication processing, including pathways that may be, or become, specialized for conspecific utterances. In particular, we address the use of naturally produced non-stereotypical vocalizations (mimicry of other animal calls) as another category of vocalization for use with human and non-human primate auditory systems. We focus this review on two main themes, including progress and future ideas for studying vocalization processing in great apes (chimpanzees) and in very early stages of human development, including infants and fetuses. Advancing our understanding of the fundamental principles that govern the evolution and early development of cortical pathways for processing non-verbal communication utterances is expected to lead to better diagnoses and early intervention strategies in children with communication disorders, improve rehabilitation of communication disorders resulting from brain injury, and develop new strategies for intelligent hearing aid and implant design that can better enhance speech signals in noisy environments. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Communication Sounds and the Brain: New Directions and Perspectives". PMID:23994296

Talkington, William J; Taglialatela, Jared P; Lewis, James W

2013-11-01

68

Dimensão verbo-visual de enunciados de Scientific American Brasil / Verbo-Visual Dimension in Utterances from Scientifc American Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RESUMO: Os enunciados de divulgação científica caracterizam-se pelo diálogo de saberes da esfera científica com os de outras esferas. Entre as diferentes dimensões pertinentes à abordagem da divulgação científica, serão investigadas as relações entre as imagens e o texto, materializadas na parceria entre as ilustrações e o material verbal. O corpus da pesquisa é constituído por artigos da revista Scientific American Brasil no período entre 2002 e 2007. A análise focará os sentidos produzidos pela “ilustração síntese” de uma capa. ABSTRACT: The utterances of the scientific diffusion are characterized by the dialogue between the knowledge from the scientific sphere with the others spheres. It will be investigated the relationships between the images and the text, materialized in the partnership between illustrations and verbal material. The corpus of the research is formed by articles from the magazine Scientific American Brasil published from 2002 to 2007. The analyses willfocus the senses produced by the “synthetic illustration” in a cover.

Sheila Vieira de Camargo Grillo

2009-12-01

69

Maestras madres solteras: Impacto en la praxis pedagógica socio-cultural emergente. Estudio de casos / Single-mothers teachers: Their impact on the emerging Socio-cult ural pedagogical praxis. Case study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Ante los múltiples contextos emergen campos de investigación que han permitido reconocer las diferencias en lo que a género se refiere. Esta investigación se realizó con el objeto de estudiar la condición humana de las maestras madres solteras desde la perspectiva psicológica, sociológica y axiológi [...] ca, y su visión de la praxis pedagógica ante una cultura emergente. El método utilizado fue el de historia de vida; se entrevistaron dos madres solteras, docentes en ejercicio, con edades comprendidas entre 25 y 30 años. Se establecieron tres dimensiones: 1) la condición familiar, 2) posición ante la maternidad 3) la vivencia: madre soltera. Aquí se develó la necesidad de reencuadrar el sistema educativo en dos pilares fundamentales, el axiológico y el emocional. Abstract in english Before multiple contexts research fields emerge that allow to acknowledge the differences in gender. This research was done aiming to study the human condition of single-mothers teachers from the psychological, sociological and axiological perspective and their vision of the pedagogical praxis befor [...] e an emerging culture. The method used was life history. Tow single mothers were interviewed, active teachers, with ages between 25 and 30 years old. Three dimensions were established: 1) family condition, 2) position towards motherhood, 3) experience: single mother. Here, we revealed the need of reframing the educational system in two main pillars, the axiological and the emotional.

Yudith Josefina, Mata Urbina; Yusmilys, Gallardo Villarroel.

70

Social Responsibility of Management Teacher – Beyond Teaching -  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the emerging world, responsibilities of a teacher have increased many folds. From being a person that just imparts bookish knowledge, a teacher now has the power to shape a better world. So, perhaps it’s time to understand the emerging teacher’s roles in irrespective of the subjects and levels of education. This article critically posits the responsibility of management teacher and also highlights on role beyond class room in Indian context of management education. The authors urge that the management educators should not forget the general responsibilities of teachers and should follow the frame of responsibility matrix for every walk of teaching profession.

Arup BARMAN

2012-06-01

71

Emergency procedures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The following subjects are discussed - Emergency Procedures: emergency equipment, emergency procedures; emergency procedure involving X-Ray equipment; emergency procedure involving radioactive sources

2004-01-01

72

Teacher-and Child-Managed Academic Activities in Preschool and Kindergarten and Their Influence on Children's Gains in Emergent Academic Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess whether children's development benefited from teacher-and child-managed academic activities in the preschool and kindergarten classroom. Extensive systematic observations during four half-days in preschool ("n"?=?8) and kindergarten ("n"?=?8) classrooms revealed that classrooms differed…

de Haan, Annika K. E.; Elbers, Ed; Leseman, Paul P. M.

2014-01-01

73

On the Consequences of the Marketisation of Public Education in Sweden: For-Profit Charter Schools and the Emergence of the "Market-Oriented Teacher"  

Science.gov (United States)

The entrance of for-profit charter schools into the public educational system is one of the most recent manifestations of market-based reforms in public education. Previous studies raise concerns over the marketisation of education and suggest that market reforms clearly change teacher attitudes and behaviour. Taking a public administration…

Fredriksson, Anders

2009-01-01

74

Contributos para uma análise semântico-pragmática das causais de enunciação no Português Europeu contemporâneo / Utterance causal clauses in contemporary European Portuguese: some contributions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar as orações causais de enunciação num quadro teórico que postula a existência, no discurso, de distintos domínios da significação - domínio do conteúdo, domínio epistémico e domínio ilocutório-, na convicção de que uma análise semântica destas construções pode [...] rá contribuir para iluminar o seu comportamento sintático peculiar, que tanta controvérsia tem gerado. Defende-se, neste estudo, que as orações causais de enunciação expressam a relação discursiva de Justificação, que envolve sempre a articulação de dois atos ilocutórios, um deles com o estatuto de ato principal, o outro com o estatuto de ato subordinado. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e asserções e argumenta-se a favor da inseparabilidade entre os domínios epistémico e ilocutório neste tipo de construções, contrariamente ao que defende Sweetser (1999). Num segundo momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e outras classes de atos ilocutórios, nomeadamente atos diretivos, compromissivos e expressivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to characterize utterance causal clauses within a theoretical framework that assumes different domains of discourse meaning - content, epistemic and speech-act domain. The assumption is that a semantic analysis may provide some explanation for the syntactic behaviou [...] r of the construction under scrutiny. It is argued in this paper that utterance causal clauses illustrate the discourse relation of Justification, which involves the connection between two illocutionary acts, with different hierarchical status. It is also argued, contrary to Sweetser's 1999 account, that utterance causal clauses combined with assertions give rise to an elementary argumentative text, where the epistemic and the illocutionary domain are closely intertwined. The paper also contemplates the connection between utterance causal clauses and other classes of speech acts, namely directive, compromissive and expressive ones.

Ana Cristina Macário, Lopes.

75

A gramática de Damourette e Pichon com Lacan: uma problemática da enunciação / Damourette and Pichon's grammar, and Lacan´s psychoanalysis: an utterance act issue  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esse artigo pretende evidenciar a importância específica conferida à gramática Des mots à la pensée: essai de grammaire de la langue française, de Damourette e Pichon (1943) para se pensar as bases lógicas do conceito de enunciação. Para cumprir esse objetivo, coloca-se a obra dos gramáticos em diál [...] ogo com elaborações da psicanálise, mais especificamente com conceitos de Jacques Lacan (2007). Busca-se, assim, uma interface entre os campos da linguística e da psicanálise, debruçando-se sobre a dicotomia existente entre os conceitos de sujeito da enunciação e sujeito do inconsciente. A abordagem tecida é eminentemente teórica, confrontando conceitos de cada pensador e buscando compreender os seus respectivos pontos de interseção. Para atingir esse objetivo, buscou-se o estudo sobre a negação em língua francesa elaborada pelos gramáticos Damourette e Pichon (1930) e colocou-a em relação com a dicotomia enunciado-enunciação construída por Lacan (2005) principalmente no Seminário 6: o desejo e sua interpretação. Como conclusão, torna-se claro como a gramática é inevitavelmente atravessada pela subjetividade e pelos fenômenos enunciativos. Abstract in english This article intends to elucidate the specific importance of Damourette and Pichon´s grammar Des mots à la pensée: Essai de grammaire de la langue française (1943) in order to think the logic basis of the utterance act notion. Accordingly, it fosters a dialogue between the grammarians' works and Jac [...] ques Lacan´s psychoanalysis notions. It is thus pursued a link between linguistic and psychoanalytic fields by investigating the existing dichotomy between the subject of an utterance act and the subject of unconcious. The strictly theoretical approach brings the three authors' notions together and attempts to catch their intersection points by compiling the French negation studies in Damourette and Pichon's grammar and relating them to the dichotomy utterance/utterance act posited by Lacan´s (2005) Seminar 6: desire and its interpretation. It concludes by stressing that both subjectivity and utterance act phenomena and grammar are interlaced.

Bruno Focas Vieira, Machado.

76

Alternative Teacher Compensation: A Primer  

Science.gov (United States)

This policy primer is designed to provide base-line information about new forms of teacher pay that are emerging around the country, to support the local conversations and negotiations that will lead to the development of innovative compensation systems. It identifies reasons why teacher compensation is high on local, state, and federal policy…

Koppich, Julia E.; Rigby, Jessica

2009-01-01

77

Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…

Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F

2011-01-01

78

Teacher Induction: Does Scotland's Approach Stand Comparison?  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2-year probationary experience of new teachers was described by the McCrone Report as scandalous and led to the development of an induction standard (as part of an emerging framework or continuum of standards for various stages of teacher development) with related structures of support for beginner teachers in Scotland provided by schools and…

O'Brien, Jim

2009-01-01

79

Distributed but Undefined: New Teacher Leader Roles to Change Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines teacher leader role development and definition by looking at one emergent model of distributed leadership: the hybrid teacher leader (HTL). HTLs are teachers whose official schedule includes both teaching K-12 students and leading teachers in some capacity. Participants included six HTLs across four school districts over 2…

Margolis, Jason; Huggins, Kristin Shawn

2012-01-01

80

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude  

Science.gov (United States)

Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

Leigh, Andrew

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Emerging models.  

Science.gov (United States)

In all these models, the potential of child psychiatrists and other mental health professionals in decreasing student barriers to learning is promising. While expanding the traditional client service model, child psychiatrists can serve as advocates for identifying student's unmet mental health needs, encourage schools to build capacity for effective responses, be vigilant for quality assurance, develop and initiate new programs that systematically respond to needs of the school community, and provide training opportunities that demystify the psychiatric concepts that can help administrators and teachers. Relatively few child psychiatrists are active in the school setting or have developed a presence in the national movement to provide mental health services in schools. In recognition of the fact that traditional models of psychiatric care such as outpatient clinics and hospital-based programs do not reach many children and adolescents, it is hoped that child psychiatrists will be more motivated to have a more active and rewarding presence in the school setting. Even with the variety of responses to the need for increasing mental health services to children, there are a lot of unanswered questions. With only 8000 child psychiatrists in the United States and 80,000 schools, it is clear that we need to be strategic about how best to utilize our resources. The big question is whether there are predictable and alterable characteristics, mechanisms, and interactive processes that enable high-risk students to attain educational and personal success, despite seemingly poor odds. Emerging models have the potential to begin answering this question. PMID:11214410

Rappaport, N

2001-01-01

82

Teacher to Teacher: Transgenerational Mentoring  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative case study examines the relationship of teachers who mentor other teachers. We studied 125 autobiographical portfolios submitted by elementary and secondary teachers who had won awards as outstanding educators from their campuses and were competing at the district level. The research site was a midsize city (population 95,000) in…

Juarez-Torres, Rachel; Hurst, Jeannine Lane; Hurst, Roy

2007-01-01

83

Responding to Expert Arguments. Emerging Lay Topoi in Focus Group Interviews on GM-Crops  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper challenges the view that attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in agriculture are "utterly resistant to persuasion", as Scholderer (2005) humorously suggests in a review of the literature. Methodologically, this is achieved by studying opinions as they emerge in situated interaction (Myers 2004), in casu in focus groups interviews with both GM-experts and lay persons without specific knowledge on GM-crops. The paper analyses the lay persons' responses to persuasive expert utterances as inventive contributions to the discussion, not just as reactions showing either support or rejection. That is, the paper analyses the topoi, the argumentative â??places', realized by the lay persons in dealing with and making sense of the new knowledge presented by the experts. Finally, the paper identifies the social identities as participants in a public debate, which are enacted by the lay contributions.

Horsbøl, Anders

2009-01-01

84

Pediatric emergencies: thoracic emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Emergencies always require rapid diagnosis and an urgent or semi-urgent medical, interventional, or surgical action. In most cases radiology plays an essential role in making an accurate diagnosis. Reviewing the causes of acute respiratory pathology in the different pediatric age groups, we thought it would be interesting to divide the pathologies into two main parts: one part concerning pathologies involving the air flow and the other part concerning pathology affecting the pulmonary parenchyma. We acknowledge, however, that both conditions can occur concomitantly. The esophagus is another anatomic structure in the thorax that can be responsible for acute pathology in children. Acute pathology predominantly involving the air flow can be intrinsic and/or extrinsic, affecting the upper airways, trachea, main and segmental bronchi, and the small airways. Acute lung pathology can be congenital, infectious, or less frequently, tumoral or traumatic in children. Pleural pathology and cardiogenic emergencies are discussed also. Acute esophageal pathology is discussed briefly. (orig.)

Breysem, L.; Loyen, S.; Boets, A.; Smet, M.-H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Proesmans, M.; Boeck, K. de [Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

2002-12-01

85

Teachers' Concerns About Biotechnology Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The impacts of biotechnology are found in nearly all sectors of society from health care and food products to environmental issues and energy sources. Despite the significance of biotechnology within the sciences, it has not become a prominent trend in science education. In this study, we seek to more fully identify biology teachers' concerns about biotechnology instruction and their reported practices. Consistent with the Stages of Concern framework as modified by Hord et al., we investigated teachers' awareness, informational, personal, management, consequences, collaboration, and refocusing concerns about biotechnology teaching by employing a qualitative design that allowed for the emergence of teachers' ideas. Twenty high school life science teachers attending a biotechnology institute were interviewed using an interview protocol specifically designed to target various Stages of Concern. Although the Stages of Concern framework guided the development of interview questions in order to target a wide range of concerns, data analysis employed a grounded theory approach wherein patterns emerged from teachers' own words and were constantly compared with each other to generate larger themes. Our results have potential to provide guidance for professional development providers and curriculum developers committed to supporting initial implementation of biotechnology education. Recommendations include supporting teacher development of biotechnology content knowledge; promoting strategies for obtaining, storing and managing biotechnology equipment and materials; providing opportunities for peer teaching as a means of building teacher confidence; and highlighting career opportunities in biotechnology and the intersections of biotechnology and everyday life.

Borgerding, Lisa A.; Sadler, Troy D.; Koroly, Mary Jo

2013-04-01

86

Diabetic Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... PDF What to do in a Medical Emergency Diabetic Emergencies It is estimated that more than 20 ... they have it. The best way to prevent diabetic emergencies is to effectively manage the disease through ...

87

Teacher Incentives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This chapter considers hidden teacher effort in educational production and discusses the implications of multiple teacher effort dimensions on optimum incentive contracts in a theoretical framework. The analysis of educational production in a multitask framework is a new and unique contribution of this chapter to the economics of education. We first characterize the first-best and second-best outcomes. The model is extended to address specific questions concerning teacher incentive schemes: W...

2006-01-01

88

Rationales and Practices Used by Caring Physical Education Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines the reasons that physical education teachers exhibited caring behaviors during teaching. Four physical education teachers, identified as caring physical education teachers, were formally and informally interviewed and observed teaching. Data were analyzed using content analysis and inductive coding, and three themes emerged.…

Larson, Anne; Silverman, Stephen J.

2005-01-01

89

Science Teacher Quality and Effectiveness: Gweru Urban Junior Secondary School Students’ Points of View  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions among junior secondary science students from Gweru Urban secondary schools in Zimbabwe towards science teachers' teaching quality and effectiveness. This qualitative study approached and interviewed Form 2 students from 10 different schools in Gweru urban. The results show that three key dimensions of science teacher quality and effectiveness emerged: teacher's scientific knowledge, teacher’s pedagogical skills and teacher's social co...

Mandina Shadreck; Mambanda Isaac

2012-01-01

90

Corporeidad y Lenguaje: La acción como texto y expresión / Bodyness and Language: The action as text and utterance  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo aborda un análisis sobre la dimensión encarnada del lenguaje, revisando los supuestos conceptuales de la cognición, mente y lenguaje. A partir de la emergencia de nuevos antecedentes y conocimientos provenientes de diferentes aéreas disciplinares y tomando la fenomenología de Mer [...] leau-Ponty como opción epistémica se realiza una critica de las aproximaciones funcionales del lenguaje y su contraste con descripciones fenomenológicas y de las ciencias cognitivas. Los resultados del trabajo se orientan a explicitar el lenguaje como un proceso que expresa el cuerpo vivido o corporeidad, lo que establece la posibilidad de considerar la motricidad, entendida como intencionalidad en despliegue, como un texto o interpretación discursiva no verbal. Abstract in english The present work has as objective to analyse the embodied dimension of language, reviewing the conceptual issues of cognition, mind and language. Starting from the emerging of new data and knowledge that come from different disciplinary areas and taking Merlau-Ponty?s phenomenology as epistemologica [...] l option, creating a critique to the functional approaches of language and its contrast with the mention author?s descriptions and also the cognitive sciences. The results of the study are oriented to explicit and show the language as a process of vivid body or corporeal manifestation and presence, which establish the possibility of considering movement, understood as intentionality in movement, as a text or discursive non-verbal interpretation.

Toro-Arévalo, Sergio.

91

Chapter 10. Emergency preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their consequences to the environment. Emergency Response Centre of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accident and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it serves as an advisory body for the national Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimising the impact on population and the vicinity of NPP. Besides of completion of emergency procedures related to NPPs Bohunice also the first part of procedures for NPP Mochovce and procedures using a new EU code system RODOS. In 2000 UJD focused activities in emergency preparedness area on inspections, approval of on-site emergency plans of nuclear installations, review of emergency transport orders and of-site emergency plans. In accordance with an UJD inspection plan the inspectors of UJD carried out several inspections in area of emergency preparedness at all NPPs. The inspections were focused on checking the emergency exercises, review of preparedness of NPP staff in the area of emergency planning and review of documentation. There were no important insufficiencies revealed during the inspections. During the year 2000 the exercises were performed at all nuclear installations and the emergency transport orders were exercised as well. Testing of communication, preparedness of individual members of emergency headquarters, co-operation, operability of emergency centres and exchange of information were the main tasks of these exercises. In March the emergency exercise at the National Radioactive waste Repository on Mochovce site was performed, in April the emergency transport order of the Slovak Energetic Company was exercised, there was a large scale exercise organised at the NPP Mochovce in May, in October the exercises were organised at VUJE facility in Bohunice and radioactive waste treatment enterprise SE-VYZ. In November large scale on-site exercise was organised at NPP Bohunice and also the emergency transport order of Slovak Railways was exercised. Besides all this two representatives of UJD took part in exercises abroad with aim to acquire new knowledge and experience in area of public relations and information in case of incident or accident oat nuclear facility and also in area of international co-operation. The assistance of European commission continued in frame of so called RAMG project, determined to strengthen the regulatory authority. Thanks to this project UJD obtained computer equipment by which the capacity of the emergency response centre was increased substantially particularly in area of data processing in case of decision making in case of incident or accident at nuclear facility. Upgrading of hardware platform of the emergency response centre enabled the application of information systems (GIS), which contain important pieces of information for decision making (geography, demography, statistic, etc.) in case of incident or accident. Installation of GIS enabled also the extension of data sets transferred from facilities and creation of corresponding database. The co-operation with U.K. in area of emergency planning was finished. Representatives of U.K. assistance declared that the level of emergency preparedness of UJD is high enough and UJD can take a role of teacher for countries where the emergency centres are being built. In the year 2000 a further phase of EU RODOS system implementation continued in the Slovak Republic. First version of RODOS code package was successfully installed. This code will enable to implement the same approach to evaluation of incidents and accident in all European countries. A development and adaptation to conditions of the Sl

92

A Case Study of Teacher’s Politeness in EFL Class  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Politeness is an important factor in human interaction. In the past two decades or so, much has been written and different theories have emerged about politeness. This is a case study of a Chinese EFL teacher’s linguistic politeness in classroom based on observation, recorded data and interview with both the teacher and the students. Then a conclusion is drawn that politeness does exist in EFL classroom and it does contribute to both teaching and learning.

Xiaoqing Jiang

2010-09-01

93

A Case Study of Teacher’s Politeness in EFL Class  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Politeness is an important factor in human interaction. In the past two decades or so, much has been written and different theories have emerged about politeness. This is a case study of a Chinese EFL teacher’s linguistic politeness in classroom based on observation, recorded data and interview with both the teacher and the students. Then a conclusion is drawn that politeness does exist in EFL classroom and it does contribute to both teaching and learning.

Xiaoqing Jiang

2010-01-01

94

Ophthalmologic Emergencies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ophthalmologic emergencies include many diseases in a wide spectrum. Although only a small portion of the patients who admitted to emergency services with eye complaints have urgency, it should be certainly questioned about the existence of real ophthalmic emergencies that may cause a loss of vision which is one of the most important senses of us. In this compilation, ophthalmological emergencies have been reviewed in the light of current informations.

Muge Gulen

2014-04-01

95

Gauss Modular-Arithmetic Congruence = Signal X Noise PRODUCT: Clock-model Archimedes HYPERBOLICITY Centrality INEVITABILITY: Definition: Complexity= UTTER-SIMPLICITY: Natural-Philosophy UNITY SIMPLICITY Redux!!!  

Science.gov (United States)

Clock-model Archimedes [http://linkage.rockeller.edu/ wli/moved.8.04/ 1fnoise/ index. ru.html] HYPERBOLICITY inevitability throughout physics/pure-maths: Newton-law F=ma, Heisenberg and classical uncertainty-principle=Parseval/Plancherel-theorems causes FUZZYICS definition: (so miscalled) "complexity" = UTTER-SIMPLICITY!!! Watkins[www.secamlocal.ex.ac.uk/people/staff/mrwatkin/]-Hubbard[World According to Wavelets (96)-p.14!]-Franklin[1795]-Fourier[1795;1822]-Brillouin[1922] dual/inverse-space(k,w) analysis key to Fourier-unification in Archimedes hyperbolicity inevitability progress up Siegel cognition hierarchy-of-thinking (HoT): data-info.-know.-understand.-meaning-...-unity-simplicity = FUZZYICS!!! Frohlich-Mossbauer-Goldanskii-del Guidice [Nucl.Phys.B:251,375(85);275,185 (86)]-Young [arXiv-0705.4678y2, (5/31/07] theory of health/life=aqueous-electret/ ferroelectric protoplasm BEC = Archimedes-Siegel [Schrodinger Cent.Symp.(87); Symp.Fractals, MRS Fall Mtg.(89)-5-pprs] 1/w-"noise" Zipf-law power-spectrum hyperbolicity INEVITABILITY= Chi; Dirac delta-function limit w=0 concentration= BEC = Chi-Quong.

Kummer, E. E.; Carl-Ludwig Siegel, Edward

2011-03-01

96

Ski teachers '  

... Ski teachers 'Green Card' tests EU job mobility goals | EurActiv socialeurope,sports,Michel Barnier,Professional Qualifications Directive,ski instruction,worker mobility EU ... VIDEOS Home › Social Europe & Jobs › News Ski teachers 'Green Card' tests EU job mobility goals -A + A Published 17 April 2012,...updated 18 April 2012 Tags Michel Barnier, Professional Qualifications Directive, ski instruction, worker mobility European Commission plans to introduce a professional card for ski teachers ... Ski instruction is just one among hundreds of other professions that the European Commission wants to harmonise at the EU level by allowing ...

97

Teachers’ Thought Processes: The Case of Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher’s behaviour is substantially influenced and even determined by teachers’ thought processes. Several studies concerning effectiveness in physical education have analysed various topics such as student engagement, curriculum time allocation, teaching methods, teacher behaviour, and teacher perceptions. However, these investigations have not applied the classroom research findings identified by other researchers. Firstly, this study explains the implied thoughts of the explained Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers (TGUT to teach gymnastics learning processes by analyzing their thought processes. Secondly, we included the analysis of the connection, interaction and relationship between the three topics reviewed. Thirdly, we identified and analyzed the difference between different Tunisian physical educational teachers’ thoughts and its influence on their didactical practice intervention. Data were collected during 4 months of observations and interviews with six TGUT at the high institute of sport and physical education (ISSEP in Tunisia. They all teach not mixed class in Level1 (first year, BAC + 1. These interviews were semi structured (40 minutes each and gave teachers the opportunity to share their perspectives on broad topics such as education, teaching, and society, and also on more succinct topics such as individual students and situations that had occurred in previous lessons. The data were analyzed using constant comparison. Three topics emerged illustrate how the teachers’ thinking influenced their selecting, ordering, and formulating of curriculum units, their didactic and pedagogical manoeuvring during lessons. This study revealed three major conceptions used by TGUT: 1 Teaching based on pedagogical conceptions (7.20%, 2 Teaching based on sciences (17.42%, and 3 Teaching based on means and practices (75.37%. A number of themes emerged from the analysis of each case, aside to the contextualised responses of individuals. The perception of the TGUT had two consequences: 1 a didactic consequence; the TGUT plan activities that will assist students in developing only physical skills, 2 the legitimacy of the contributory sciences in training programs for student teachers of physical education (PE. Basis on this argument, we might reasonably ask what might be done to address this problem. The issues discussed in this paper will encourage teachers to reflect on their own teaching beliefs and practices and to include them in the process of planning and teaching effectiveness.

Naila Bali

2013-08-01

98

Promoting Teacher Learning Through Learning Study Discourse: The Case of Science Teachers in Singapore  

Science.gov (United States)

The potential of a theory of variation-framed learning study, a teacher professional development approach, to help teachers overcome curricular and pedagogical challenges associated with teaching new science curricula content was explored. With a group of Singapore teachers collaboratively planning and teaching new genetics content, phenomenographic analysis of data corpus from classroom observations, teacher meetings and interviews revealed teacher learning that manifested in the teachers' experiences. These were captured as (1) increased degrees of student-centered pedagogy and challenges to teachers' prior assumptions about science pedagogy, (2) increased awareness of possibilities and limitations of their beliefs about science pedagogy, and (3) emergence of new understandings about new curricular content and science pedagogy. The possibility of transformative and generative learning is also discussed.

Tan, Yuen Sze Michelle; Nashon, Samson Madera

2013-08-01

99

Teachers Who Grow As Collaborative Leaders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The following narratives examine three teachers over a course of ten years as they first entered teaching and began to collaborate with other teachers on curriculum. Specifically, the study examines how the teachers 1 developed as collaborators and 2 perceived elements of support from both within and outside the classroom for their collaborative efforts. The article argues that the successful collaborative efforts helped deepen their sense of agency and initiative within their teaching and, to a lesser degree, stimulated reform and change within their schools. In turn and to varying degrees, the process of collaboration supported their personal renewal in their work. The article suggests that structural support for these teachers that connected to their emerging personal practical knowledge was crucial for their development as teacher collaborators. The article concludes by suggesting how schools may be restructured to start to become sites of authentic leadership that build on the talents, meaning, voice, and knowledge of teachers.

Richard D. Sawyer

2001-10-01

100

Ocular emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To describe clinical data about ocular emergencies (OE) and their management. Material and Methods: A comprehensive analysis of the computer record available for admitted ocular emergencies was undertaken in terms of gender, age, etiology, procedure performed and hospital stay. Results: Ocular emergencies (1961) were 18.49% of total admissions. Male to female ratio was 2:1. Non-traumatic ocular emergencies were 1058 (53.95%) with male to female ratio of 1.47:1. In the non-traumatic ocular emergencies, majority (67.2%) were 40 years or above. Traumatic ocular emergencies were 925 (47.16%) with male to female ratio of 2.77:1. Majority (83.78%) of traumatic ocular emergencies were below 40 years and 562 (60.75%) below 20 years of age. Only 150 (16.21%) cases were 40 years and above. Corneal ulcers (44.51%) and glaucoma (24.38%) were the most common non-traumatic ocular emergencies, whereas, open globe injuries (73.4%) were leading the traumatic ocular emergencies. Total surgical procedures performed were 1382 (13.7% of total major ophthalmic surgery). Average stay in hospital was 5.5 days. Conclusion: Ocular emergencies predominantly affected the males in this series. Trauma related OE are almost as common as non-traumatic. Majority of OE need surgical intervention and the average hospital stay is longer than routine admissions. (author)

2004-06-01

 
 
 
 
101

Dental Emergencies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Emergency dental problems can result from trauma, dental pathology, or from dental treatment itself. While the physician can treat many instances of dental trauma, the patient should see a dentist as soon as possible so that teeth can be saved. Emergency treatment of dental pathology usually involves relief of pain and/or swelling. Bleeding is the most frequent post-treatment emergency. The physician should be able to make the patient comfortable until definitive dental treatment can be avail...

1982-01-01

102

Emergency thoracotomy.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Eighty-nine consecutive trauma patients, who were treated at one institution and received emergency thoracotomy, were studied. Although 76 (85%) of the patients had no vital signs at hospital arrival, 15 (17%) patients survived the emergency thoracotomy to progress to other hospital treatments. Ten patients were ultimately discharged, nine of whom have normal functions. Maintaining a broad set of indications for emergency thoracotomy may increase survival amongst trauma patients for whom the ...

Champion, H. R.; Danne, P. D.; Finelli, F.

1986-01-01

103

Swimming Emergencies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Persons who have undergone swimming emergencies are seen in emergency departments everywhere. They are frequently young healthy citizens. In some instances they will receive better care in large specialized referral hospitals. Other problems can be managed well at local facilities. This article attempts to equip all family physicians with some knowledge and management guidelines for dealing with swimming emergencies, submersion injuries including near-drowning, accidental hypothermia, and tri...

Beerman, Stephen B.

1988-01-01

104

Teacher Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

This section of the Windows to the Universe web site provides information and resources for teachers including activities about astronomy, earth science, physical science, and NASA; educational links on such topics as biology, earth science, math, mythology, space science, and physics; and Share-a-thon, which allows users to share curriculum and activities with fellow teachers. Users can also search educational standards of Windows to the Universe content pages and access a teacher workbook for use with the Windows to the Universe website. Windows to the Universe is a user-friendly learning system pertaining to the Earth and Space sciences. The objective of this project is to develop an innovative and engaging web site that spans the Earth and Space sciences and includes a rich array of documents, including images, movies, animations, and data sets that explore the Earth and Space sciences and the historical and cultural ties between science, exploration and the human experience.

Johnson, Roberta

2000-07-01

105

TEACHER NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed from 1st December 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before November 20th. English National Programme - Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire

2002-01-01

106

The Effectiveness of "Teach for America" and Other Under-certified Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The academic achievements of students taught by under-certified primary school teachers were compared to the academic achievements of students taught by regularly certified primary school teachers.  This sample of under-certified teachers included three types of under-qualified personnel: emergency, temporary and provisionally certified teachers.  One subset of these under-certified teachers was from the national program "Teach For America (TFA)."  Recent college graduates are placed...

Ildiko Laczko-Kerr; Berliner, David C.

2002-01-01

107

Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases  

Science.gov (United States)

... information on enabling JavaScript. Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area ... emerging infectious diseases. Understanding Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Anthrax Antimicrobial ... including MERS ...

108

Embarking on the Teaching Journey:Pre-service Teachers Reflecting upon Themselves as Future Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article reports on a research study that examined 25 reflective papers written by pre-service teachers a few  weeks into attending primary teacher education. The overall aim of the study was to gain insight into the students’ thoughts and ways of reflecting as a basis for taking action to improve lecturing, tasks and exercises which promote reflection in the primary teacher education program. The students were asked to write a paper reflecting upon “The teacher I want to become”. Two research questions were posed upon the material: What images of teachers emerge in the texts? How is reflection carried out in constructing these images? The analysis of the reflective papers revealed that the students’ images of themselves might be placed in the main category; “caring teacher”. Furthermore their ways and levels of reflection varied considerably from descriptions and fragmented thoughts to accounts with elements of dialogic reflection.

Kitt Margaret Lyngsnes

2012-04-01

109

Thoracic emergencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses thoracic emergencies, including the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, examination, diagnosis, technique, management, and treatment of acute upper airway obstruction, massive hemoptysis, spontaneous pneumothorax, and pulmonary empyema. PMID:24267505

Worrell, Stephanie G; Demeester, Steven R

2014-02-01

110

Emergency Accumulator.  

Science.gov (United States)

The invention RU 4100-80, entitled ''Emergency Steam Accumulator,'' concerns the basic equipment of an important safety subsystem, with which two-loop nuclear power plants having pressurized water reactors or water-water reactors are provided (at present ...

1984-01-01

111

Emergency Contraception  

Science.gov (United States)

... the same as the medicine known as the "abortion pill." This medicine is taken in the early ... with your doctor about whether emergency contraception is right for you. You should not use an IUD ...

112

Emergent Spacetime  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We give an introductory account of the AdS/CFT correspondence in the 1/2-BPS sector of ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory.Six of the dimensions of the string theory are emergent in the Yang-Mills theory. In this article we suggest how these dimensions and local physics in these dimensions emerge. The discussion is aimed at non-experts.

Koch, Robert Mello; Murugan, Jeff

2009-01-01

113

TEACHERS NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

The English Language Programme of the Lycée International de Ferney-Voltaire has two teaching posts available for la rentrée 2001. 1. Part-time teacher of Primary-level English Candidates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree and teaching qualification. The post involves teaching the English curriculum to pupils who are within the French educational system. Classes take place on Tuesday afternoons at the Lycée. Team spirit necessary as teachers work as a team. Induction & training are offered. 2. Part-time teacher of Secondary-level history-geography Candididates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree in history or geography and also a strong interest in the other subject. They should have a relevant teaching qualification and be confident classroom practioners. For more information on either of these posts please contact the school office on 04.50.40.82...

2001-01-01

114

Emerging Viruses  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging viruses are those "whose incidence in humans has increased in the past 2 decades or threatens to increase in the near future." This week's Topic in Depth focuses on sites related to viruses, particularly those that are considered "emerging."The first site (1) is an essay by Alison Jacobson of the University of Capetown that discusses some emerging and potentially emerging viruses, along with factors that contribute to the threat. From a US government interagency working group, the second report (2) focuses on the responses to infectious disease outbreaks, including drugs, vaccines, and government response. A World Health Organization site (3) highlights recent reports of infectious disease, archived by date and by disease. This ThinkQuest site (4) gives a basic introduction to viruses and how they cause infections. An online virology tutorial (5) by Ed Rybicki of the University of Cape Town serves as a lesson on the basics of virology for a more advanced student. The next two sites focus on the specifics of selected viruses. From the Institute for Molecular Virology (6) comes a resource on Marburg and Ebola viruses, and from the National Biological Information Infrastructure (7) is a site on West Nile Virus. The last resource (8) is a scholarly journal from the Centers for Disease Control that presents some of the latest scientific research on emerging diseases.

Lee, Amy.

2002-01-01

115

Student Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers’ Practices Following Curricular Change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Three low-achieving, secondary-level scien...

2011-01-01

116

Student Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers’ Practices Following Curricular Change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. Aim: In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Method: Three low-achieving, seconda...

2011-01-01

117

Emergency preparedness  

CERN Document Server

On September 19th 2008, a technical fault was at the centre of a sequence of events which hampered the performance of certain equipments of the LHC 3-4 sector. Once the first effects of this sequence of events were detected, the behaviour of the CERN staff confronted to this complex and critical situation became the centre of the risk control process. During such a downward spiral the preparation of all stakeholders is essential and should respect the (apparently) basic principles of emergency preparedness. Preparedness towards normal operation of CERN facilities towards minor up to major emergency situations will be presented. The main technical, organisational and legal frameworks of the CERN emergency preparedness will be recalled, highlighting the CERN risk management and risk control strategy. Then, the sequence of events experienced by different stakeholders on September 19th will be reported, thus starting the learned lessons process.

Cennini, E; Oortman Gerlings, P

2009-01-01

118

Emergency neuroradiology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book is directed at emergency radiologists and neuroradiologists. It aims at providing exhaustive information that will help the reader understand the clinical problems in the full range of neurological emergencies and to select the methodological and technical options that will ensure prompt and effective response and correct interpretation of the clinical findings. The various chapters address the most common neuroradiological emergencies, summarize their fundamental physiopathological features, describe the main semiological and differential diagnostic features, and provide operative suggestions for the selection of the appropriate techniques to be applied in a sequential order. The book addresses the application of state-of-the-art techniques and their implications for clinical practice (particularly the contributions of standard and functional MRI and of spiral and multislice CT). The illustrations provide not only training but also reference material for routine clinical work. (orig.)

2006-01-01

119

Emerging phleboviruses.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bunyavidae family is the largest grouping of RNA viruses and arguably the most diverse. Bunyaviruses have a truly global distribution and can infect vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. The majority of bunyaviruses are vectored by arthropods and thus have the remarkable capability to replicate in hosts of disparate phylogeny. The family has provided many examples of emerging viruses including Sin Nombre and related viruses responsible for hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in the Americas, first identified in 1993, and Schmallenberg virus which emerged in Europe in 2011, causing foetal malformations in ruminants. In addition, some well-known bunyaviruses like Rift Valley fever and Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever viruses continue to emerge in new geographical locations. In this short review we focus on newly identified viruses associated with severe haemorrhagic disease in humans in China and the US. PMID:24607799

Elliott, Richard M; Brennan, Benjamin

2014-04-01

120

Emerging phleboviruses?  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bunyavidae family is the largest grouping of RNA viruses and arguably the most diverse. Bunyaviruses have a truly global distribution and can infect vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. The majority of bunyaviruses are vectored by arthropods and thus have the remarkable capability to replicate in hosts of disparate phylogeny. The family has provided many examples of emerging viruses including Sin Nombre and related viruses responsible for hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in the Americas, first identified in 1993, and Schmallenberg virus which emerged in Europe in 2011, causing foetal malformations in ruminants. In addition, some well-known bunyaviruses like Rift Valley fever and Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever viruses continue to emerge in new geographical locations. In this short review we focus on newly identified viruses associated with severe haemorrhagic disease in humans in China and the US.

Elliott, Richard M; Brennan, Benjamin

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

What Really Happens? Community Service Learning for Multicultural Teacher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

A qualitative, interpretive case study utilized ethnographic techniques to discover what happens, and what preservice teachers think about what happens, within a credited community service learning component for a multicultural education course. Subjects were 24 preservice teachers studied as one case. Three roles and perspectives that emerged

Boyle-Baise, Marilynne; Kilbane, James

122

Promoting Reflection in Teacher Preparation Programs: A Multilevel Model  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher reflection has been promoted as a necessary tool for educators to sustain responsive instructional practices. A variety of approaches for integrating inquiry into teaching and reflection in practice emerged from extensive and intensive efforts to reform teacher preparation programs. Based on those conceptualizations, a three-level model of…

Etscheidt, Susan; Curran, Christina M.; Sawyer, Candace M.

2012-01-01

123

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Emergency contraception refers to any device or drug that is used as an emergency procedure to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse.The first method of emergency contraception was high dose of estrogen. Concern about side effects led to subsequent development of the so-called Yuzpe regimen which combined ethinil estradiol with levonorgestrel and levonorgestrel alone. Less convenient to use is the copper intauterine contraceptive device.It is known that in some women sexual steroids may inhibit or delay ovulation and may interfere with ovum and sperm transport and implantation. Copper intrauterine device causes a foreign-body effect on the endometrium and a direct toxic effect to sperm and blastocyst.The Yuzpe regimen reduces the risk of pregnancy after a single act of sexual intercourse by about 75% and the levonorgestrel alone by about 85%. The copper intrauterine device is an extremely effective method for selected patients.Nausea and vomiting are common among women using the Yuzpe regimen and considerably less common among women using levonorgestrel alone regimen.Emergency contraception is relatively safe with no contraindications except pregnancy. It is ineffective if a woman is pregnant. There is no need for a medical hystory or a phisical examination before providing emergency contraceptive pills. They are taken long before organogenesis starts, so they should not have a teratogenic effect.Counseling should include information about correct use of the method, possible side effects and her preferences for regular contraception.Unintended pregnancy is a great problem. Several safe, effective and inexpensive methods of emergency contraception are available including Yuzpe regimen, levonorges-trel-only regimen and copper intrauterine device.

Dragana Panti?

2007-10-01

124

EMERGING MARKETS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emerging markets are winning the currency war, because at this very moment its the battle of global financial institutions , as to who is more vulnerable and more exposed to the debt crisis and have their hands in more risky assets. US and Euro with their intertwining the financial stuff of the nation, the banks and the corporations are in a deep mess. One goes down, takes the other ones too. Right now , they all are struggling and getting beaten up , while the emerging markets are quiet and not really expressing their stands on the current situation except are reacting by all only putting their own houses in order.

GHEORGHE CARALICEA-M?RCULESCU

2012-03-01

125

Nuclear emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This leaflet, which is in the form of a fold-up chart, has panels of text which summarize the emergencies that could arise and the countermeasures and emergency plans that have been prepared should nuclear accident occur or affect the United Kingdom. The levels of radiation doses at which various measures would be introduced are outlined. The detection and monitoring programmes that would operate is illustrated. The role of NRPB and the responsible government departments are set out together with an explanation of how the National Arrangements for Incidents involving Radioactivity would be coordinated. (UK)

1991-01-01

126

Emergency radiology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This book is the German, translated version of the original published in 1984 in the U.S.A., entitled 'Emergency Radiology'. The publication for the most part is made up as an atlas of the radiological images presenting the findings required for assessment of the emergency cases and their first treatment. The test parts' function is to explain the images and give the necessary information. The material is arranged in seven sections dealing with the skull, the facial part of the skull, the spine, thorax, abdominal region, the pelvis and the hip, and the limbs. With 690 figs

1986-01-01

127

Embodied Discourses of Literacy in the Lives of Two Preservice Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the emerging teacher literacy identities of Ian and AJ, two preservice teachers in a graduate teacher education program in the United States. Using a poststructural feminisms theoretical framework, the study illustrates the embodiment of literacy pedagogy discourses in relation to the literacy courses' discourse of…

Phillips, Donna Kalmbach; Larson, Mindy Legard

2009-01-01

128

Co-constructing Efficacy: A "Communities of Practice" Perspective on Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers' efficacy beliefs are critical to improving student learning, but we have yet to fully understand how these beliefs develop. The prevailing model of teachers' efficacy development emerges from cognitive theories, but sociocultural theories may add insights to modeling the impact of teachers' school contexts. This case study takes a…

Takahashi, Sola

2011-01-01

129

Questioning the Character and Significance of Convergence between Social Network and Professional Practices in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper captures and characterises the interplay between a group of student teachers' narratives of social network practice and their emergent professional practice with technologies. Teachers on an Initial Teacher Education programme in the UK spent a semester studying a module that synthesised university-based lectures with a professional…

Turvey, Keith

2012-01-01

130

Emergency Preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The trends of RPC work in the area of preparedness for nuclear and radiological accidents are listed. RPC in cooperation with Swedish Government developed the project on preparation for iodine prophylaxis in case of accident at Ignalina NPP and arranged seminar on emergency preparedness issues in 2001

2002-01-01

131

Emergency Preparedness  

CERN Document Server

The trends of RPC work in the area of preparedness for nuclear and radiological accidents are listed. RPC in cooperation with Swedish Government developed the project on preparation for iodine prophylaxis in case of accident at Ignalina NPP and arranged seminar on emergency preparedness issues in 2001.

2001-01-01

132

Thyroid emergencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review presents current knowledge about the thyroid emergencies known as myxedema coma and thyrotoxic storm. Understanding the pathogenesis of these conditions, appropriate recognition of the clinical signs and symptoms, and their prompt and accurate diagnosis and treatment are crucial in optimizing survival. PMID:22443982

Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, Joanna; Wartofsky, Leonard

2012-03-01

133

Emergency management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1995, major efforts of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) were focused on tasks associated with completion and incorporation of the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of NRA SR in emergency planning and crisis management. Construction of the ERC had begun based on NRA SR's knowledge, as well as recommendations of Regulatory Assistance Management Group (RAMG) International Mission in 1993 and follow-up missions in 1994. Early in 1994, re-construction of selected rooms had been done and early in 1995, supported by the UK and U.S.A. Government's funding, technical equipment was purchased. The equipment was necessary for ERC operation as tools to improve NRA SR readiness for the management of emergency situations at nuclear installations. NRA SR commenced operation of the Centre in April 1995. The Centre has been on-line connected to a teledosimetric system of Radiation Monitoring Laboratory in Trnava. The basic software for assessment of radiation consequences of a NPP accident was supplied were also focused on cooperation with state administration authorities and organizations which were involved in an emergency planning structure. In September 1995, staffing of the ERC was completed and parallel, the first document concerning the ERC prime task, i.e. activities and procedures of of NRA SR Crisis crew in case of an accident at a nuclear installation on the territory of the Slovak Republic, was approved by the NRA SR's Management. In the period that is being assessed, NRA SR made significant progress in events classification and emergency planning terminology in order to unify the above between both the Slovak NPPs

1996-01-01

134

Teaching Nature of Science to Preservice Science Teachers: A Phenomenographic Study of Chinese Teacher Educators' Conceptions  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing from the phenomenographic perspective, this study investigated Chinese science teacher educators' conceptions of teaching nature of science (NOS) to preservice science teachers through two semi-structured interviews. The subjects were twenty-four science teacher educators in the developed regions in China. Five key dimensions emerged from the data on the conceptions of teaching NOS, including value of teaching NOS, NOS content to be taught, incorporation of NOS instruction in courses, learning of NOS, and role of the teacher. While some of these dimensions share much similarity with those reported in the studies of conceptions of teaching in general, some are distinctively different, which is embedded in some unique features of teaching NOS to preservice science teachers. These key dimensions can constitute the valuable components of the module or course to train science teachers or teacher educators to teach NOS, provide a framework to interpret the practice of teaching NOS, as well as lay a foundation for probing the conceptions of teaching NOS of other groups of subjects (e.g., school teachers' conceptions of teaching NOS) or in other contexts (e.g., teaching NOS to in-service teacher).

Wan, Zhi Hong; Wong, Siu Ling; Zhan, Ying

2013-10-01

135

Introducing the Cycle of Inquiry System: A Reflective Inquiry Practice for Early Childhood Teacher Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cycle of Inquiry (COI) is a tool for emergent curriculum planning and for professional development of early childhood teachers and teacher education students. The COI includes a sequence of five organizational forms connecting analysis of documentation data with intentional planning for long-term emergent inquiry inspired by the Reggio Emilia…

Broderick, Jane Tingle; Hong, Seong Bock

2011-01-01

136

PRIMARY TEACHERS CANDIDATES’ VIEWS ON GOOD TEACHER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine qualitatively 109 third year primary teacher candidates’ views on being a good teacher. One open-ended question was posed to teacher candidates to be answered in writing. Although opinions about being a good teacher were categorized into six subtitles: personal characteristics, knowledge of subject and its teaching;, skills, professional growth, appreciation, and commitment to the mission, most of the answers were about different dimensions of personal characteristics.

Behiye UBUZ

2009-11-01

137

[Diabetes emergencies].  

Science.gov (United States)

Diabetes-associated emergencies are frequent and include hyperglycemic states, such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) as well as hypoglycemia (hypoglycemic coma) and metabolic disturbances that are unrelated to pathological blood glucose aberrations (lactic acidosis). Knowledge of the respective risk situations, key signs and symptoms as well as early detection, special aspects of intensive care treatment and procedures for the prevention of these diabetes emergency cases is a must not only for the duty doctor in intensive care but also for diabetologists, internists and family doctors in the outpatient situation. The basic facts on these issues are presented in this continuing medical education (CME) article in a didactically clear form. PMID:24820043

Scherbaum, W A; Scherbaum, C R

2014-05-01

138

Emergence Explained  

CERN Multimedia

Emergence (macro-level effects from micro-level causes) is at the heart of the conflict between reductionism and functionalism. How can there be autonomous higher level laws of nature (the functionalist claim) if everything can be reduced to the fundamental forces of physics (the reductionist position)? We cut through this debate by applying a computer science lens to the way we view nature. We conclude (a) that what functionalism calls the special sciences (sciences other than physics) do indeed study autonomous laws and furthermore that those laws pertain to real higher level entities but (b) that interactions among such higher-level entities is epiphenomenal in that they can always be reduced to primitive physical forces. In other words, epiphenomena, which we will identify with emergent phenomena, do real higher-level work. The proposed perspective provides a framework for understanding many thorny issues including the nature of entities, stigmergy, the evolution of complexity, phase transitions, superven...

Abbott, R

2006-01-01

139

Emergency Contraception  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse. From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel, known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, levonorgestrel alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2 × 0.75 mg 12 hours apart showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5 mg levonorgestrel pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for emergency contraception, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that emergency contraception is considered an off label use and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Mifepristone in doses of 10 or 25 mg is being used successfully as an emergency contraceptive in China, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate in the dosage of 30 mg for emergency contraception up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose levonorgestrel pill with an even higher efficacy. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception are available on the market today with the most widely spread being levonorgestrel in a single dose of 1.5 mg (given as one tablet of 1.5 mg or 2 tablets of 0.75 mg each for administration up to 3 days after unprotected intercourse. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it can only be used for up to 72 hours after UPSI. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25 mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Recently the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM ulipristal acetate in the dose of 30 mg has been introduced in Europe for emergency contraception. It has shown to be more efficacious than levonorgestrel and can be used for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation.

Gemzell-Danielsson K

2010-01-01

140

Emergent spin  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin–statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must “emerge” for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions. -- Highlights: •The spin–statistics theorem is not required for particles on a lattice. •Spin emerges dynamically when spinless fermions have a relativistic continuum limit. •Graphene and staggered fermions are examples of this phenomenon. •The phenomenon is intimately tied to chiral symmetry and fermion doubling. •Anomaly cancellation is a crucial feature of any valid lattice fermion action.

Creutz, Michael, E-mail: creutz@bnl.gov

2014-03-15

 
 
 
 
141

Emerging issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some formal and informal mechanisms were implemented at the Ontario Ministry of the Environment that allow the identification of emerging environmental issues. The early warning is most often provided through the expertise of the personnel and their contacts. The Ministry commissioned a study to review the process, learn from the processes in place in other organizations, and implement the appropriate changes into its emerging issues procedure. The team conducting the review answered four specific questions. The first question was: What are the necessary elements of an emerging issues tool? The second question was: What are some of the best practices in other jurisdictions? It was followed by the question: How do those jurisdictions implement emerging issues models? The final question was: What implementation is appropriate for the Ontario Ministry of the Environment? The approach involved reviewing the appropriate literature and reviewing the best practices in place in other jurisdictions, both in the United States and in Europe. Senior officials in Canada and the United States were interviewed, and the procedure was identified and described. A case study concerning the acid rain problem in the 1960s and 1970s was used to test the developed procedure retroactively. This procedure involves a variation of the top-down, bottom-up input procedure at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), with a formal issues scanning process, and the prioritizing and analysis of the steps. It was noted that if the procedure had been in place in the late 1960s in Ontario, it would have been possible to identify one or more impacts from the acid rain situation ten years earlier. Preventive and remedial action could have been implemented, leading to environmental and economic benefits for the province of Ontario. The broad involvement of stakeholders is required for an open and systematic prioritization of the issues. The authors concluded the study by identifying possible implementation options within the structure of the Ontario Ministry of the Environment

2000-12-01

142

Theory Underlying a National Teacher Evaluation Program  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper describes a study conducted to explicate the multiple theories underlying Chile's national teacher evaluation program. These theories will serve as the basis for evaluating the intended consequences of this evaluation system, while not losing sight of emerging unintended consequences. We first analyzed legal and policy documents and then…

Taut, Sandy; Santelices, Veronica; Araya, Carolina; Manzi, Jorge

2010-01-01

143

Giving Reason to Prospective Mathematics Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the development of the authors' understanding of the contradictions in their mathematics teacher education practice. This understanding emerged from contrasting analyses of the impact of the authors' practices in mathematics content courses versus mathematics methods courses. Examples of the authors' work with two students,…

D'Ambrosio, Beatriz; Kastberg, Signe

2012-01-01

144

Industrial Design in Education. Teacher's Manual.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contents of this teacher's manual for use in an industrial design course are the same as that of the companion student manual except that answers to the objective tests are included. Chapter I describes the emergence of industrial design as a profession and emphasizes specific designers and their contributions to the field. A twenty question…

Micklus, C. Samuel

145

Changes in Teacher-Student Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Although teacher-student relationships lie at the heart of students' schooling experience, fundamental questions regarding these relationships remain unanswered. Aims: This study investigates three related questions about these relationships: To what extent do they change from the beginning to the end of a school year? Are any emergent

Gehlbach, Hunter; Brinkworth, Maureen E.; Harris, Anna D.

2012-01-01

146

Emergency preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

According the conception of the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA), and the obtained experience from exercises, and as well as on the basis of recommendations of international missions, the NRA SR started, in 1997 the ERC extension. The new room enable the work for radiation protection group, reactor safety and logistic group separately. At the same time special room was build for work of the NECRA Technical Support Group of the Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents of the SR.This group co-operates closely with ERC while evaluation the situation, and by using the information system of the NRA and database of ERC to generate the conditions of nuclear facilities in once of emergency. Extension of the mentioned rooms was carried out. The financing by the European Union helped to build the project RAMG. In this way the NRA gained a working site which, with its equipment and parameters belongs to the top working sites of regulatory bodies of developed European countries. The NRA preparation of exercise and special staff education was carried out in 1997, for employees of the NRA and members of Emergency Headquarters (EH) for work in ERC in case of nuclear installation accident. The task of education of member of EH was their preparation for carrying out three exercises. These exercises are described. In the area of emergency preparedness, in accordance with inspection plan of the Office, 7 team inspections were carried out in individual localities; in NPP Bohunice, two in NPP Mochovce and one in Bohunice Conditioning Centre for radioactive wastes. Solution of the task of development of science and technology in the area of 'Development of technical and programme means for analyses of accidents and solutions of crisis situations'continued in 1997. Another regulations were elaborated for activity of members of EH of the NRA. The following was was carried out: selection of data for transfer and the following display of the selected data from Technological Information System NPP Bohunice data from Teledosimetric System NPP Bohunice and meteorological data from from Slovak Hydro-meteorological Institute

1998-01-01

147

Professional mathematics teacher identity:analysis of reflective narratives from discourses and activities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article focuses on the methodological use of reflective narratives from discourses and activities of an experienced primary teacher as evidence of her professional identity. The teacher’s reflective narratives emerge from her participation in a 3-year developmental and research project, Learning Communities in Mathematics, conducted at the University of Agder (UiA) in Norway. As background for our study, we firstly present the teacher in action with her sixth-grade pupils in a mathemat...

Bjuland, Raymond; Cestari, Maria Luiza; Borgersen, Hans Erik

2012-01-01

148

Teaching practice and the personal and socio-professional development of prospective teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigates the interplay between individual and contextual variables during teaching practice and its impact on the personal and socio-professional development of prospective teachers. The purpose of the study was to survey how prospective teachers experienced the process of becoming aware of their emerging identities as teachers, and to demonstrate how the unique, individual student teachers' teaching and socio-professional identities are cultivated in the learning-to-teach proc...

Schoeman, S.; Mabunda, P. L.

2012-01-01

149

Inservicing the Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compares many teacher inservice programs to the artificial insemination of cows--decisions are made without teacher participation, teachers do not get to join in the act, and no one has much fun. Suggests that teachers be allowed to set their own goals and control their own learning. (Author/WD)

Sharma, Toni

1982-01-01

150

Multiple Teachers: Multiple Gains?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the concept of instrumental/vocal learning when studying the same instrument or voice with more than one concurrent teacher. In this context, teachers may be working as a team, or one or both teachers may not know of the other's contribution to a student's learning. Qualitative data from music students and teachers at the…

Haddon, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

151

Guidelines for Cooperating Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of student teaching and the impact the cooperating teacher has on the student teacher's experience leads to the formulation of guidelines for the cooperating teacher: (1) outline expectations; (2) provide for early and continued successes; and (3) communicate with the student teacher. (JL)

Cusimano, Barbara

1988-01-01

152

Abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

2012-11-01

153

Emergency contraception  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Emergency contraception (EC) is an effective way to prevent an unintended or unplanned pregnancy. EC is available in two forms in Canada: a progestin-only method and a combined hormonal method, also known as the Yuzpe regimen. EC has been proven to be most effective within 72 h and up to 120 h after unprotected sexual intercourse. To date, the progestin-only method is the preferred method of EC recommended to teens because it is known for higher efficacy and fewer side effects, and is, theref...

2010-01-01

154

Emergent spin  

CERN Multimedia

Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin-statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must "emerge" for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions. We will present a minimally doubled variation of staggered fermions describing only two species.

Creutz, Michael

2013-01-01

155

Language teachers and teaching  

CERN Document Server

This volume gathers contributions from a range of global experts in teacher education to address the topic of language teacher education. It shows how teacher education involves the agency of teachers, which forms part of their identity, and which they take on when integrating into the teaching community of practice. In addition, the volume explores the teachers' situated practice dynamic negotiation of classroom situations, socialization into the professional teaching culture, and ""on the ground experimentation"" with pedagogical skills/techniques.

Ben Said, Selim

2013-01-01

156

The teacher under stress  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stress in teachers can have negative effects on school as an organization teacher professional achievement, his/her and his/her family psychosocial status. The most frequent symptoms of a prolonged p...

Krnjaji? Stevan B.

2003-01-01

157

Emergency Lighting  

Science.gov (United States)

A lighting system originally developed for NASA's Apollo and Skylab manned spacecraft resulted in a industrial spinoff and creation of a whole new company to produce and market the product line. The company is UDEC Corp., Waltham, Mass. UDEC's "Multi-Mode" electronic lighting systems are designed for plant emergency and supplemental use, such as night lighting, "always-on" stairwell lights and illuminated exit signs. Their advantages stem from the qualities demanded for spacecraft installation: extremely high fight output with very low energy drain, compactness, light weight, and high reliability. The Multi-Mode system includes long-life fluorescent lamps operated by electronic circuitry, a sealed battery that needs no maintenance for 10 years, and a solid-state battery charger. A typical emergency installation consists of a master module with battery and an eight watt lamp, together with four remote "Satellight" modules powered by the master's battery. As a night lighting system for maintenance or I security, UDEC fixtures can bypass the battery and 1 operate on normal current at a fraction of the energy 1 demand of conventional night lighting. Industrial customers have realized savings of better than ninety percent with UDEC night lights. UDEC started as a basement industry in 1972 but the company has already sold more than 1,000 lighting systems to building operators.

1977-01-01

158

Study abroad as professional development for FSL teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In July 2009, a group of over 80 FSL teachers from British Columbia (BC participated in a two-week sojourn at the Centre d’Approches vivantes des Langues et des Médias (CAVILAM in Vichy, France, as part of an initiative to address the critical shortage of qualified French language teachers in the province. After almost four decades of study abroad (SA research, the literature offers little insight into teachers’ professional development abroad. The following article attempts to situate the recent sojourn of the BC teachers within the field by presenting an overview of some of the major research trends of SA research as well as summarizing how teachers have been acknowledged in the literature to date. A description of the program at CAVILAM and the current research study is presented to highlight some of the emerging opportunities for future research on teacher education within a SA context.

Mike Wernicke

2010-02-01

159

Emerging anxiolytics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anxiety disorders are the most common of the psychiatric disorders and are also associated with significant economic costs and impaired work productivity. The first-line pharmacotherapy of pharmatherapy for a number of anxiety disorders comprises selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin and noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Benzodiazepines are still widely used for the treatment of several anxiety disorders. Although these agents are effective, many patients are treatment-refractory and more effective, better tolerated medications are required. This paper discusses the understandings of mechanisms involved in the anxiety disorders and reviews emerging medications. Mechanisms underlying the use of d-cycloserine, second generation antipsychotics and beta-blockers are particularly exciting. PMID:17979598

Pillay, Nirvana S; Stein, Dan J

2007-11-01

160

Teacher`s authority in public school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main goal of public schools is to give successful education. This can be achieved only through a successful teaching process. The latter, however, is being conducted only by the teacher who has authority. As for authority, it is achieved through the teacher's hiearchical position as well as through the teacher's perosnality, especially his/her actions. Transfer is an unconscious moment which is crucial to gaining authority.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Newly qualified teachers (NQTs)  

...Newly qualified teachers (NQTs) Institute of Physics NQT,NQTs,physics teacher, guide, help for, newly, qualified, iop This site ... IOP Institute of Physics For physics bull; For physicists bull; For all Home News About us Contact us Calendar MyIOP Search ...Careers Policy Resources You are here Education I am new to teaching physics Newly qualified teachers (NQTs) I am new ...to teaching physics Student teachers Newly qualified teachers (NQTs) Managing the Marking Mountain Top tips for lesson observations Established teachers who are ...

162

Emergency contraception.  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI). From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (LNG), known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of UPSI, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, LNG alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2?×?0.75?mg 12 hours apart) showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5?mg LNG pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception (EC) are available on the market today with the most widely spread being LNG in a single dose of 1.5?mg (given as one tablet of 1.5?mg or 2 tablets of 0.75?mg each) for administration up to 3 days (according to WHO up to 5 days) after UPSI. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it is only approved for up to 72 hours after UPSI. This regimen has no effect on the endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation, is not abortive and don't harm the fetus if accidentally taken in early pregnancy. It has no impact on the rate of ectopic pregnancies. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for EC, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that EC is considered an off label use for most IUDs (not for the GynFix copper IUD in the European Union) and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Furthermore IUD-insertion is an invasive procedure and it is required trained providers and sterilized facilities. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25?mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after UPSI, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. While high doses of mifepristone has an effect on endometrial receptivity and will inhibit ovulation if given in the follicular phase and prevent implantation if given in the early luteal phase, low doses such as 10?mg has no impact on the endometrium. Mifepristone does not increase the rate of ectopic pregnancies. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate (UPA) in the dosage of 30?mg for EC up to 5 days after UPSI, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose LNG pill with an even higher efficacy. It has shown to be more efficacious than LNG and can be used for up to 120 hours after UPSI; the difference in efficacy is highest for 0-24 hours, followed by 0-72 hours following UPSI. No VTE has been reported following UPA-administration or any progesterone receptor modulator. No effect on endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation has been observed with doses used for EC. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation. A pre-existing pregnancy must be excluded. Possible contraindications and drug interactions must be considered according to the individual special product informations. PMID:23437846

Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; Rabe, Thomas; Cheng, Linan

2013-03-01

163

Technology, Science and Preservice Teachers: Creating a Culture of Technology-Savvy Elementary Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explored how preservice elementary teachers incorporated technology into a microteaching activity that was a component of their science education, mathematics education, and educational technology courses. Participants displayed varied levels of technology use. Four uses emerged: knowledge source, data organizer, information presenter, and…

Pringle, Rose M.; Dawson, Kara; Adams, Thomasenia

2003-01-01

164

Emerging technologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The mission of the Emerging Technologies thrust area at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to help individuals establish technology areas that have national and commercial impact, and are outside the scope of the existing thrust areas. We continue to encourage innovative ideas that bring quality results to existing programs. We also take as our mission the encouragement of investment in new technology areas that are important to the economic competitiveness of this nation. In fiscal year 1992, we have focused on nine projects, summarized in this report: (1) Tire, Accident, Handling, and Roadway Safety; (2) EXTRANSYT: An Expert System for Advanced Traffic Management; (3) Odin: A High-Power, Underwater, Acoustic Transmitter for Surveillance Applications; (4) Passive Seismic Reservoir Monitoring: Signal Processing Innovations; (5) Paste Extrudable Explosive Aft Charge for Multi-Stage Munitions; (6) A Continuum Model for Reinforced Concrete at High Pressures and Strain Rates: Interim Report; (7) Benchmarking of the Criticality Evaluation Code COG; (8) Fast Algorithm for Large-Scale Consensus DNA Sequence Assembly; and (9) Using Electrical Heating to Enhance the Extraction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Soil.

Lu, Shin-yee

1993-03-01

165

ChemTeacher: Electronegativity  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Electronegativity page includes resources for teaching students about electronegativity.

2011-01-01

166

ChemTeacher: Fission  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Fission page includes resources for teaching students about the discovery and applications of fission.

2011-01-01

167

Effects of teacher training  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article gives a short overview over existing knowledge concerning the effect of teacher training in relation to adult learning. It presents a research design for measuring the effect of teacher traning.

Wahlgren, Bjarne; Larsen, Lea Lund

2010-01-01

168

Protecting Teachers' Privacy Rights.  

Science.gov (United States)

Addresses concerns about school personnel records and legal precedents regarding privacy. Recommends inclusion in teacher education of content about teachers' privacy rights. Lists fair information practices for schools regarding the accuracy of and access to personnel records. (SK)

Spencer, Ray C.; Hoffman, Darlene Haffner

2001-01-01

169

The Teacher as Editor.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses similarities between teachers and editors, such as the fact that both editors and teachers have to approach manuscripts with open and attentive minds and respect the integrity of the text. (DF)

Bozanic, Nick

1986-01-01

170

Teacher Page - Deutsch Klasse  

Science.gov (United States)

On this site you will find the resource needed to teach a German Level I Course. There are links below for lesson plans and a link to the student page. This page is an introductory page for the teacher. Below are four links that will provide teachers with additional resources to use in their classrooms. Teacher Page - Lesson Plans Teacher Page - Resources Student Page - Deutsch Klasse Student WebQuests ...

Barlow, Frau

2009-11-02

171

`You Have to Give Them Some Science Facts': Primary Student Teachers' Early Negotiations of Teacher Identities in the Intersections of Discourses About Science Teaching and About Primary Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

In the broadest sense, the goal for primary science teacher education could be described as preparing these teachers to teach for scientific literacy. Our starting point is that making such science teaching accessible and desirable for future primary science teachers is dependent not only on their science knowledge and self-confidence, but also on a whole range of interrelated sociocultural factors. This paper aims to explore how intersections between different Discourses about primary teaching and about science teaching are evidenced in primary school student teachers' talk about becoming teachers. The study is founded in a conceptualisation of learning as a process of social participation. The conceptual framework is crafted around two key concepts: Discourse (Gee 2005) and identity (Paechter, Women's Studies International Forum, 26(1):69-77, 2007). Empirically, the paper utilises semi-structured interviews with 11 primary student teachers enrolled in a 1-year Postgraduate Certificate of Education course. The analysis draws on five previously identified teacher Discourses: `Teaching science through inquiry', `Traditional science teacher', `Traditional primary teacher', `Teacher as classroom authority', and `Primary teacher as a role model' (Danielsson and Warwick, International Journal of Science Education, 2013). It explores how the student teachers, at an early stage in their course, are starting to intersect these Discourses to negotiate their emerging identities as primary science teachers.

Danielsson, Anna T.; Warwick, Paul

2014-04-01

172

English Teacher Education as Literacy Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the author's keynote address from the 2011 CEE Summer Conference at Fordham University in which he challenges educators to rethink what they do and how they do it. He talks about English teacher education as literacy teacher education. He tries to sketch a picture of the status quo and its limits, and an alternative picture…

Mayher, John S.

2012-01-01

173

Teachers, Professionalism, and Craft.  

Science.gov (United States)

Improving teachers' professional status involves identifying salient professional characteristics. The paper compares teaching with other professions. Teachers belong to a group of craft professions different from elite expert professions. Teacher education must produce skilled practitioners with a consciousness of craft to guide their work. (SM)

Pratte, Richard; Rury, John L.

1991-01-01

174

Experienced New Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Although many researchers have focused their efforts on studying first-year teachers, little research has been conducted about experienced new teachers, educators who have teaching experience but are new to a school or school system. This qualitative study of the experiences of three experienced new teachers reveals that many experienced new…

Gant, Angela B.

2009-01-01

175

Teacher Educators: Hidden Professionals?  

Science.gov (United States)

The pace of change in today's society means that there is an ongoing need for teachers to learn, have new knowledge and use new pedagogical approaches to meet the needs of their pupils. For many teachers, this requires redefining their identity as teachers and what "teaching" means in 21st century learning environments. These…

Livingston, Kay

2014-01-01

176

Vocational Teacher Education Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted to determine the present state of vocational education in Kentucky and the supply of and demand for vocational teachers. Results are summarized for vocational teacher education in general and for teachers in the areas of agricultural education, business and office education, marketing and distributive education, health and…

Tulloch, Charlotte

177

Coaching Beginning Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes the effects of a program designed to train Dutch primary school teachers in skills needed to coach and act as mentors for beginning teachers. The study investigated whether mentors who participated in the training program would implement the target coaching skills and whether the beginning teachers coached by the mentors would…

Veenman, Simon; de Laat, Hanneke; Staring, Corine

178

Learning a Teachers Work  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to bridge the theoretical perspectives of workplace learning and teacher learning. Teacher learning takes place, for example, in the course of a teacher's work as well as in the institutional setting of a school. This article describes research conducted on such learning. Design/methodology/approach: The…

Maaranen, Katriina; Kynaslahti, Heikki; Krokfors, Leena

2008-01-01

179

The Teacher Talent Trove  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher leadership represents a powerful approach to assert the true professionalism that educators have long been seeking. Opportunities abound for teachers to contribute to school reform by demonstrating their leadership skills. This article considers strategies to rebuild the portrait of teachers and thereby encourage strong professional…

Quinn, Terrence

2003-01-01

180

Teachers' Understanding of Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Using semi-structured interviews, we examined teachers' understanding of bullying of children in their classes. Although teachers' definitions of bullying included both direct and indirect behaviours, several factors influenced how they characterized and responded to incidents. These factors included whether the teachers viewed an incident as…

Mishna, Faye; Scarcello, Iolanda; Pepler, Debra; Wiener, Judith

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Teacher Education in Scandinavia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The trend in Scandinavia is to broaden teacher education and training for academic secondary school teachers in order to overcome excessive specialization. The context of apprenticeship of pre-school, primary teachers is changing toward a more academically oriented program. However, the affective part of the learning/teaching process is becoming…

Wasser, Henry

182

Teacher led school-based surveillance can allow accurate tracking of emerging infectious diseases - evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys of febrile respiratory illness during the H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic in Singapore  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Schools are important foci of influenza transmission and potential targets for surveillance and interventions. We compared several school-based influenza monitoring systems with clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI surveillance, and assessed the variation in illness rates between and within schools. Methods During the initial wave of pandemic H1N1 (pdmH1N1 infections from June to Sept 2009 in Singapore, we collected data on nation-wide laboratory confirmed cases (Sch-LCC and daily temperature monitoring (Sch-DTM, and teacher-led febrile respiratory illness reporting in 6 sentinel schools (Sch-FRI. Comparisons were made against age-stratified clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI data from 23 primary care clinics (GP-ILI and proportions of ILI testing positive for pdmH1N1 (Lab-ILI by computing the fraction of cumulative incidence occurring by epidemiological week 30 (when GP-ILI incidence peaked; and cumulative incidence rates between school-based indicators and sero-epidemiological pdmH1N1 incidence (estimated from changes in prevalence of A/California/7/2009 H1N1 hemagglutination inhibition titers ? 40 between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic sera. Variation in Sch-FRI rates in the 6 schools was also investigated through a Bayesian hierarchical model. Results By week 30, for primary and secondary school children respectively, 63% and 79% of incidence for Sch-LCC had occurred, compared with 50% and 52% for GP-ILI data, and 48% and 53% for Sch-FRI. There were 1,187 notified cases and 7,588 episodes in the Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM systems; given school enrollment of 485,723 children, this represented 0.24 cases and 1.6 episodes per 100 children respectively. Mean Sch-FRI rate was 28.8 per 100 children (95% CI: 27.7 to 29.9 in the 6 schools. We estimate from serology that 41.8% (95% CI: 30.2% to 55.9% of primary and 43.2% (95% CI: 28.2% to 60.8% of secondary school-aged children were infected. Sch-FRI rates were similar across the 6 schools (23 to 34 episodes per 100 children, but there was widespread variation by classrooms; in the hierarchical model, omitting age and school effects was inconsequential but neglecting classroom level effects led to highly significant reductions in goodness of fit. Conclusions Epidemic curves from Sch-FRI were comparable to GP-ILI data, and Sch-FRI detected substantially more infections than Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM. Variability in classroom attack rates suggests localized class-room transmission.

Soh Shu E

2012-12-01

183

Project-based Learning : An Emergent Framework for Designing Courses  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we elaborate on a framework, a set of guidelines, for teachers when designing project based courses. The emergent framework presented in this paper will focus on six themes: (1) overall course design, (2) project task, (3) project group, (4) examination, (5) feedback and (6) course evaluation and improvement and is initially grounded in theory and practice. The framework elaborated in this paper should support teachers' development of a professional autonomy within the norms of ...

Melin, Ulf; Axelsson, Karin; Wedlund, Tommy

2006-01-01

184

Utilising a construct of teacher capacity to examine national curriculum reform in mathematics  

Science.gov (United States)

This study involving 120 Australian and Chinese teachers introduces a construct of teacher capacity to analyse how teachers help students connect arithmetic learning and emerging algebraic thinking. Four criteria formed the basis of our construct of teacher capacity: knowledge of mathematics, interpretation of the intentions of official curriculum documents, understanding of students' thinking, and design of teaching. While these key elements connect to what other researchers refer to as mathematical knowledge for teaching, several differences are made clear. Qualitative and quantitative analyses show that our construct was robust and effective in distinguishing between different levels of teacher capacity.

Zhang, Qinqiong; Stephens, Max

2013-12-01

185

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development for teachers is the range of formal and informal processes and activities that teachers engage in both inside and outside of the school, in order to improve their teaching knowledge and skills. The ultimate goal of teacher professional development is improving student learning outcomes. Research indicates that teachers have control over many factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of their students. Therefore, professional development focusing on effective classroom management will enhance a teacher's skills and performance in the classroom.

DR.S.KAYARKANNI

2012-04-01

186

Já jako u?itelka: profesní sebepojetí studentky u?itelství v posledním ro?níku pregraduální p?ípravy. / My teacher self: Professional self-concept of a student teacher in the last year of undergraduate training.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study describes the professional self-concept of a student teacher in the last year of undergraduate training. The study reflects overview studies dealing with the issue of self-concept and the professional self-concept of the teacher. The importance of positive professional self-concept at the onset of professionaldevelopment is documented and terms are conceptualized to suit needs of qualitative research. Content analysis of a free utterance and an in-depth interview concentrates on the search for dominating aspects of self-concept, the description of the selfconcept in relation to the self-discrepancy theory and the thoughts about a possibledevelopment of the professional self. It shows that the most significant aspect of the student’s self-concept is the fear emanating from the discrepancy between the ideal self and the real self, between the ought self and the real self. Despite the factthat the student is formulating her self-concept as a teacher, it is constructed almost exclusively on experience gained in the role of a pupil. Following up this findings, the study discusses the question in what way the forming of professional self-concept should be influenced during the undergraduate teacher training.

B.Pravdová

2013-03-01

187

Nigerian Teachers’ Integration of Personal Response System into ESL Classroom  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the last two decades, there has been the global clamour for the integration of emerging technologies into school curriculum; hence researchers and educators have had increased focus on technology integration in schools in order to have a shift of paradigm from the teacher-centred to student-centred classroom instruction. This study examined the predictive power of teachers’ perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU), behavioural intention (BI) to use Personal Response Syst...

2011-01-01

188

Eliciting beliefs with a narrative activity in mathematics teacher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In a teacher training course for mathematics teachers, a narrative activity was assigned to elicit participants? beliefs on proof. Proof is a very important topic in mathematics education, crucial to develop mathematical thinking, and therefore worth special attention. Individual narrations of one?s relation with proof were collected, posted on the web and discussed. This allowed a number of different aspects and views to emerge and to be compared, providing a good opportunity for t...

Dettori, Giuliana; Morselli, Francesca

2009-01-01

189

Teachers’ Awareness and Acquisition of Questioning Strategies: A Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The importance of teachers’ questioning strategy cannot be underestimated due to its widespread usage and pivotal role in teaching and learning regardless of grades and subjects. This qualitative case study design was employed to investigate middle school mathematics teachers’ awareness of asking two types of questions, probing and guiding. The study further explores teachers’ habits or skills of questioning and their acquisition of this behavior through face-to-face interviews with four middle school mathematics teachers. It was found that teachers were asking questions consciously and purposefully. Also, teachers’ answers revealed that why questions require more higher order thinking than how questions. For the second question, several themes emerged indicating how to acquire more effective questioning skills; student teaching or field experiences, watching and observing their colleagues, and workshops. It was also found that the colleges our participants attended did not provide good education for developing questioning skills. Video clips played important roles in reminding teachers what and why they taught. Importance of letting teachers’ watch their own teaching’s videotape and questioning strategies in teacher trainings was discussed.

Alpaslan SAHIN

2013-12-01

190

Elementary science education: Dilemmas facing preservice teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Prospective teachers are involved in a process of induction into a culture of teaching that has rules, or codes of conduct for engaging in teaching practice. This same culture of teaching exists within a larger culture of schooling that also has values and norms for behaviors, that over time have become institutionalized. Teacher educators are faced with the challenging task of preparing preservice teachers to resolve dilemmas that arise from conflicts between the pressure to adopt traditional teaching practices of schooling, or to adopt inquiry-based teaching practices from their university methods classes. One task for researchers in teacher education is to define with greater precision what factors within the culture of schooling hinder or facilitate implementation of inquiry-based methods of science teaching in schools. That task is the focus of this study. A qualitative study was undertaken using a naturalistic research paradigm introduced by Lincoln and Guba in 1985. Participant observation, interviews, discourse analysis of videotapes of lessons from the methods classroom and written artifacts produced by prospective teachers during the semester formed the basis of a grounded theory based on inductive analysis and emergent design. Unstructured interviews were used to negotiate outcomes with participants. Brief case reports of key participants were also written. This study identified three factors that facilitated or hindered the prospective teachers in this research success in implementing inquiry-based science teaching in their field placement classrooms: (a) the culture of teaching/teacher role-socialization, (b) the culture of schooling and its resistance to change, and (c) the culture of teacher education, especially in regards to grades and academic standing. Some recommendations for overcoming these persistent obstacles to best practice in elementary science teaching include: (a) preparing prospective teachers to understand and cope with change processes, (b) to understand the nature of teaching and schooling, and (c) to understand the nature of teacher education itself through explicit discourse about these topics. In addition, development of greater partnerships among university faculty and schools though Partnership School models and other community-building efforts can afford prospective teachers more opportunities to enter the discourse; perhaps even as change agents.

Sullivan, Sherry Elaine

191

Supporting student nurse professionalisation: the role of the clinical teacher.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports aspects of the findings from the qualitative component of a mixed methods research study that investigated the role of the Clinical Teacher in student nurse professional socialisation. Graduates and Clinical Teachers were interviewed to identify the domains where the support of a Clinical Teacher was crucial in the students' development of a professional identity. Emergent themes were clustered into seven (7) domains as follows: Professional role concept; Acculturation; Acquisition of Knowledge; Acquisition of Skill; Acquisition of Professional Values; Assimilation into the Organisation; and a seventh domain encompassing the role model attributes of Clinical Teachers. The domains are presented alongside exemplars from the interviews, in order to illustrate the importance of the support of a Clinical Teacher. PMID:21907468

Brown, Janie; Stevens, John; Kermode, Stephen

2012-07-01

192

Teacher Enactment Patterns: How Can We Help Move All Teachers to Reform-Based Inquiry Practice Through Professional Development?  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate high school teachers' beliefs about inquiry instruction and determine how their beliefs influenced their use of inquiry after a professional development program. Thirty-six high school science teachers participated in this study. The professional development program consisted of a 2-week summer institute as well as academic year support. The summer program included discipline-specific content lessons that utilized inquiry-based instruction, pedagogical practice involving the use of a summer high school enrichment program, and reflection on this practice-teaching in content area groups. Both in-depth qualitative interview and written reflection data were collected as well as data from the teachers' classroom implementation of inquiry. Based on the analysis of the teachers' interviews and classroom enactments, the teachers were placed into four enactment categories: Integrated, Emerging, Laboratory-based, and Activity-focused. We used Windschitl's (Rev Educ Res 72(2):131-175, 2002) four constructivist dilemmas as a framework to understand the teachers' enactments. We describe the teachers' beliefs and practices in each enactment category as well as the components of the professional development model that were important to making changes in the teachers' practices. In the conclusion, we connect the enactment levels to the professional development experience and suggest future directions for professional developers to move teachers toward more integrated inquiry practices.

Lotter, Christine; Rushton, Gregory T.; Singer, Jonathan

2013-12-01

193

Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina) entre 1882 y 1902 / Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina) between 1882 and 1902  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nac [...] ional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia de una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz. Abstract in english In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the [...] Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.

Marcela, Vignoli.

194

Emergency teams in Danish emergency departments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The use of designated emergency teams for cardiac arrest and trauma patients is widely implemented. However, the use of designated teams in Danish emergency departments (EDs) has not been investigated. Our aim was to investigate the use and staffing of emergency teams in Danish EDs.

Lafrenz, Thomas; Lindberg, Søren �stergaard

2012-01-01

195

Teachers Teaching Teachers (T3)[TM]. Volume 5, Number 3  

Science.gov (United States)

"Teachers Teaching Teachers" ("T3") focuses on coaches' roles in the professional development of teachers. Each issue also explores the challenges and rewards that teacher leaders encounter. This issue includes: (1) Building Bridges: Data Help Instructional Coach Make Vital Connections with Teachers (Theresa Long); (2) NSDC Tool: Instructional…

Crow, Tracy, Ed.

2009-01-01

196

Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge of Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the nature of preservice secondary mathematics teachers’ knowledge of students as emerged from a study investigating the development of their pedagogical content knowledge in a methods course and its associated field experience. Six preservice teachers participated in the study and the data were collected in the forms of observations, interviews and written documents. Knowledge of students is defined as teachers’ knowledge of what mathematical concepts are difficult for students to grasp, which concepts students typically have misconceptions about, possible sources of students’ errors, and how to eliminate those difficulties and misconceptions. The findings revealed that preservice teachers had difficulty in both identifying the source of students’ misconceptions, and errors and generating effective ways different than telling the rules or procedures to eliminate such misconceptions. Furthermore, preservice teachers’ knowledge of students was intertwined with their knowledge of subject matter and knowledge of pedagogy. They neither had strong conceptual knowledge of mathematics nor rich repertoire of teaching strategies. Therefore, they frequently failed to recognize what conceptual knowledge the students were lacking and inclined to address students’ errors by telling how to carry out the procedure or apply the rule to solve the given problem correctly.

Hülya K?l?ç

2011-04-01

197

Violence in public school: reports of teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To assess the perception of violence from the reports of teachers of elementary and high school in a public state school in Fortaleza, Ceará. Method: A qualitative descriptive study conducted with 26 teachers, in the period from January to May 2006. To collect the data we adopted the following procedures: the discussion on school violence during the meetings of the teacher training week; the reading of the school regulations and the distribution of an instrument with the guiding question about the concept of violence as from the school reality, among the participants of the study. Afterwards, the thematic analysis of the reports was carried out. Results: Through the reports of teachers emerged the following categories: physical aggression, verbal aggression and fights as the most cited; to hide personal belongings, cursing, shoving and disrespect for the teacher and pranks were also mentioned. Conclusion: From the reports it appears that violence is perceived in physical, dimension moral and symbolic, and these “typologies” corroborate the descriptions found in literature as bullying or incivility, which dominate the school context.

Renata Carneiro Ferreira

2010-03-01

198

Passive emergency core cooling systems for light water cooled nuclear reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Perspective systems for PWR and BWR reactor core emergency cooling are described. Design features of the passive condenser for the 600 MW (el.) BWR reactor thesystem for the advanced PWR reactor (AR-600) passive cooling, as well as the PECOS-BWR, MARS (PWR) and PSSS systems, are considered. Utterly passive PECOS-BWR system comprises three interrelated subsystems: the system of daily cold borated water store (FIVES) located inside the reactor vessel, the aerial system of heat removal via natural convection and the system of reloading pond drainage. The MARS system is designed for the operation under accidents caused by NPP de-energization on water loss in steam generators. The PSSS system comprises tanks with boric acid solutions, each of them being connected with hot and cold sections of the primary circuit via pipelines. Utilization of the systems considered will permit to increase noticeably the reactor operation safety

1988-01-01

199

Teachers in the digital age : design and validation of a social network interface  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This work appears as part of a doctoral thesis whose main objective would be to explore new approaches to training and professional development of Portuguese-speaking teachers in the context of the emerging educational paradigm known as Web 2.0. In order to investigate whether social networks can set up as virtual environments for the professional development of teachers, it was established a social network named "Teachers in the Digital Age - PROED", a Ning tool. In this communicatio...

Lisbo?a, Eliana Santana; Coutinho, Clara Pereira

2011-01-01

200

Towards a model of effective use of video for teacher professional development  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on previous research, this paper proposes an emerging model to outline the learning outcomes that teacher education programmes using video should consider. Besides cognitive and psychomotor learning, the affective and social needs of teachers are also highlighted in the model to inform the development of video-mediated teacher professional activities. Three broad strategies are identified in the model for bringing forth the learning outcomes, namely, critical reflection, meaningful comp...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Teachers' experience with dyslexia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This dissertation examines how Slovene teachers and Slovene teachers in Italy deal with dyslexia - a specific learning disability which mainly affects the development of literacy and skills related to language. The theoretical part focuses on dyslexic students’ difficulties, teachers’ acquisition of knowledge about dyslexia, teaching methods applied to dyslexic students and dyslexia regulations in force in Slovenia and Italy. The empirical part presents the research results relating to te...

Croselli, Martina

2013-01-01

202

Teacher's communication skills  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher's communication skills are one of the most powerful tools in its work. His professional competence, the role of being the expert in teaching specific subject of the field of subjects, must always go hand in hand with his teaching competence, the ability and skills that enable methods and forms of work that are appropriate for students’ abilities. The focus of research is the analysis of communication relations between teacher and students and between teacher and parents. A modern sc...

2010-01-01

203

Beginning Teacher Programs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article reports the findings from the conduct of a 50- state survey to determine the status of state requirements and state components of beginning teacher programs instituted from 1983 to 1992. The article discusses the implementation of beginning teacher programs during the 1980s reform movement and describes the methodology used for the study. An analysis of seven state policy issues derived from an interpretation of the information about beginning teacher programs is provided, and fo...

1995-01-01

204

WEIGHTING OF STUDENTS’ PREFERENCES OF TEACHER’S COMPETENCIES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS). The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that va...

2011-01-01

205

Integrating Collaborative PBL with Blended Learning to Explore Preservice Teachers' Development of Online Learning Communities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study integrated collaborative problem-based learning (collaborative PBL) with blended learning to explore the emerging process and function of online learning communities among preservice teachers. Thirty-two preservice teachers participated in a 16-week instruction program. Analyses of online group discussions and portfolios found that (a)…

Yeh, Yu-chu

2010-01-01

206

Teacher Professionalisation and Professionalism in Portugal and Brazil: What Do the Policy Documents Tell?  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines teacher education policy in Portugal and Brazil over the past decade, discussing implications for teacher professionalization and professionalism; identifying the emergence of competing discourses arising from policy texts and other formal documents; and asserting that the intertwined concepts of professionalization and professionalism,…

Flores, Maria Assuncao; Shiroma, Enida

2003-01-01

207

Co-Teaching in a Teacher Education Classroom: Collaboration, Compromise, and Creativity  

Science.gov (United States)

The call for reform of teacher preparation programs by Arne Duncan (2009), U.S. Secretary of Education, has the potential to be the catalyst for a re-emergence of co-teaching in higher education. Duncan argues for the need to implement innovative preservice teacher education strategies that will result in an increase in K-12 student achievement.…

Graziano, Kevin J.; Navarrete, Lori A.

2012-01-01

208

Influence of Taoism on Teachers' Definitions of Guidance and Discipline in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines how Hong Kong secondary school teachers define caring and the strategies they adopt for behaviour management. The influence of Taoism, emerging as a theme from the data, was prominent, as its principles were incorporated into the teachers' knowledge of caring. The findings illuminate the influence of Taoism in local schools.…

Hue, Ming Tak

2010-01-01

209

Teacher Leadership: Interns Crossing to the Domain of Higher Professional Learning with Mentors?  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the last two decades, the notion of teacher leadership has emerged as a key concept in both the teaching and leadership literature. While researchers have not reached consensus regarding a definition, there has been some agreement that teacher leadership can operate at both a formal and informal level in schools and that it includes…

Millwater, Jan; Ehrich, Lisa C.

2009-01-01

210

Policy Implications of Teacher Perspectives on Early Intervention for Substance Misuse  

Science.gov (United States)

Aims: Schools have emerged as a key site for prevention and early intervention strategies for antisocial behaviour. This paper examines teacher perspectives of the scope within their day-to-day practice for the implementation of monitoring and management of student risk status for substance misuse. Methods: Teacher perspectives of early…

Deed, Craig

2007-01-01

211

Elementary Teacher Education in Papua New Guinea: Towards a Culturally Connected Perspective of Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

Global and national agendas for quality education have led to reforms in Papua New Guinea's (PNG) elementary education, but criticism of the learner-centred Western pedagogies has emerged. One key influence on quality teacher education relates to perspectives of teaching. Existing research shows teachers' beliefs and perceptions of teaching…

Hahambu, Casper; Brownlee, Joanne M.; Petriwskyj, E. Anne

2012-01-01

212

Trouble in Paradise: Teacher Conflicts in Shared Decision Making. NCEL Occasional Paper No. 8.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on interviews with 180 staff members from 45 public high schools in 15 states, this document examines the advantages and disadvantages of teacher participation in shared decision making. The settings of six high schools that had structured mechanisms for teacher participation in school decisions are described, and problems that emerged

Weiss, Carol H.; And Others

213

Interactive Read Alouds: Teachers and Students Constructing Knowledge and Literacy Together  

Science.gov (United States)

Interactive read alouds are important learning opportunities for emergent readers because teachers and peers can actively model and scaffold comprehension strategies, engage readers, and cultivate a community of learners. Using data from a 9 month ethnographic study in an urban kindergarten classroom, this article describes how the teacher's…

Wiseman, Angela

2011-01-01

214

Quality Teacher Educators = Quality Teachers? Conceptualizing Essential Domains of Knowledge for Those Who Teach Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Becoming a teacher educator involves more than a job title. One becomes a teacher educator as soon as one does teacher education, but one's professional identity as a teacher educator is constructed over time. Developing an identity and practices in teacher education is best understood as a process of becoming. Though the work of teaching…

Goodwin, A. Lin; Kosnik, Clare

2013-01-01

215

Teachers and Bullying Developing a Deeper Understanding of Teachers' Perceptions of Teacher-to-Student Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Students report that teachers bully them, but a review of the literature indicates that little attention has been given to teacher-to-student bullying. This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate elementary teachers' perceptions of seriousness and their intent to intervene in teacher bullying incidents. Results indicated that teachers

Zerillo, Christine

2010-01-01

216

Teachers' orientations towards writing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study of 29 teachers from four states in the US investigated teachers' orientations towards writing and the influences on their beliefs. Through interviews about writing instruction, the researchers found significant differences between teachers in high and low-income schools. While teachers in high-income schools valued rhetorical style, developing voice, and reading-writing connections, teachers in low-income schools focused on grammar, mechanics and sentence structure. Teachers in high-income schools appear to be exercising more choice in curricular materials and valuing quality of writing beyond grammar and mechanics, whereas teachers in low-income schools are using specific curriculum mandated by the districts. Influences on teachers' orientations included school context, programs and materials, and assessments. The study raises concerns that students in low-income schools are missing out on authentic, challenging, and meaningful writing opportunities since the focus is on skills-based instruction. The findings point to the need for teachers to provide all students with opportunities to develop rhetorical style, voice, and reading-writing connections in addition to grammar, mechanics, and sentence structure.

Sarah J. McCarthey & Dumisile Mkhize

2013-06-01

217

Later Leaders in Education: Roma Gans--Teacher of Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Retired teacher Roma Gans is described in terms of her early life and education, early teaching experience, teaching experience at Teachers College, publishing experience, citizenship, and retirement. (DG)

Almy, Millie

1990-01-01

218

Emerging and re-emerging infections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An emerging infection is defined as aninfection that has newly appeared in a population whilea re-emerging infection would be one that has existedin the past but its incidence has increased in recenttimes. The reasons for the emergence or reemergenceof an infection are not completely understood butthey are multifactorial and complex in the nature oftheir interactions. These factors may be related to theetiological organism, the host or the environment.Human activity appears to be a major driver. Malaysiahad to deal with outbreaks of several emerging infectionsover the last two decades. They include Nipah virusinfection, SARS and avian influenza. Infections likedengue, tuberculosis and leptospirosis are re-emergingin Malaysia. Both human activity and climatic changesappear to be key factors in the emergence and reemergenceof infections in Malaysia. Our countryneeds to put in place a comprehensive plan to meetthe challenge of emerging diseases. A multidisciplinaryapproach is required and the strategies involved shouldnot merely confined to medical and health strategies.

Victor K E Lim

2013-04-01

219

What Diversity Means to Me: Exploration of the Impact of a Diversity Course on Preservice Teachers at a Small Private College  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to share the impact of an introductory diversity course on preservice teachers implemented in the teacher education program of a small private college located in rural South Georgia. Qualitative data from preservice teachers' course products were collected analyzed to see emerging patterns. Data results indicated that…

Zhou, Yunfang

2009-01-01

220

Emergency in Burn; Burn in Emergency  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Physicians who first meet with burned patients are often emergency service employees. When the patient was admitted to emergency service, especially in patients with major burn injury, is a matter should be dealt with strongly. Before sending the patients to a burn center, some interventions could became life saving which should be done as a first line treatment. Herein, review of the literature related to emergency burn treatment was performed and presented to all physicians as a summary gui...

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

The emerging and emergent present: a view on the indeterminate nature of mathematics lessons  

Science.gov (United States)

The notion of emergence has considerable currency in mathematics education. However, the notion tends to be used in a descriptive way rather than being theorized and developed as a phenomenon sui generis. The purpose of this article is to contribute to building a theory of emergence. After providing an exemplifying description and analysis of an episode from a second-grade mathematics classroom studying three-dimensional geometry, we discuss implications for theoretical and classroom praxis in mathematics education, especially for the curriculum planning and the preparation, training, and enhancement of teachers of mathematics.

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Maheux, Jean-François

2014-06-01

222

Teachers Behaving Badly.  

Science.gov (United States)

Incivility by teachers can turn into behavior that injures careers. Workplace "mobbing" or bullying begins when an individual becomes the target of disrespectful and harmful behavior. Recounts experiences of two teachers. Offers suggestions to school leaders to stop this incivility. (MLF)

Waggoner, Chuck

2003-01-01

223

Tell Me, Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of an inservice program, author attempted to explain the dangers of overcontrolling'' parents and teachers to the development of healthy children. Finding scholarly discussion generating little interest, he recalled a troubling experience encountered as a science teacher and told it in the poem and narrative of this article. (Editor/CB)

Cole, Henry P.

1972-01-01

224

Grooming Great Urban Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Master teachers working in real urban classrooms have shared their exemplary teaching practices in an After-School Pedagogical Laboratory (L-TAPL), a program for elementary students that aims to improve the achievement of urban students and the competence of their teachers. The L-TAPL enrichment program curriculum includes language arts, math,…

Foster, Michele; Lewis, Jeffrey; Onafowora, Laura

2005-01-01

225

Alchemy and the Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In order for teachers to reflect deeply upon themselves, they need powerful models and images to guide their introspection. In teacher reflectivity, as in the therapeutic processes, psychic energy must ultimately be "contained" by models and modalities that enable one to make sense out of one's inner and outer experiences. This enables those…

Mayes, Clifford

2003-01-01

226

Recommended Readings for Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three professors from the City University of New York colleges recommend 5 books for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers, including 3 novels, a 23-essay collection for ESL writing teachers on portfolios, and a critical volume on ESL instruction. (LB)

Block, Ellen; And Others

1994-01-01

227

Teachers for Multicultural Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Developing teachers for multicultural education is an essential assignment for teacher education and school administration today so that educators might help their students learn to live in a multicultural society. In an earlier view, public schools were considered the "great equalizers" among America's social institutions. The assumption was that…

Rivlin, Harry N.; Gold, Milton J.

228

The Flexible Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In her 35-year teaching career, which has spanned the secondary and the postsecondary levels, the author has studied both effective and ineffective teaching. In this article, she asserts that there is no recipe or formula for being an effective teacher. Instead, good teaching depends on the teachers' ability to respond to the classroom context and…

Christenbury, Leila

2011-01-01

229

Teachers Who Care  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is one of a series that grew out of the question: Just what does educational research have to say to science teachers? In the case of the topic dealt with here, however--the effects of caring teachers on student learning--the question might bet

Rowe, Mary B.

2000-01-01

230

Caring Teachers: Adolescents' Perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers represent a connection between students and parents. They have an enormous impact on how the philosophy of a school is translated and communicated to these two groups of constituents. Teachers are also intermediaries between the institution and the students, yet because of their sheer numbers in these institutions, they are also part of…

Ferreira, Maria M.

231

Teachers Take the Lead  

Science.gov (United States)

Classroom teachers can serve as instructional leaders to plan, execute, and assess staff development. Such responsibility can lead to successful outcomes, as evidenced by one school's teacher-led technology training. This article illustrates how sharing instructional leadership responsibilities helps develop collegiality among faculty members.

Corder, Gregory W.; Marshall, Ian; Lineweaver, Lori; McIntyre, Peggy

2008-01-01

232

Teachers in Class  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, I argue for a closer read of the daily "class work" of teachers, as posited by Reay, 1998. In developing exploratory class portraits of four teachers who occupy distinctive social positions (two from working-class homes now teaching upper-middle-class children and two from upper-middle-class homes now teaching poor children), I…

Van Galen, Jane

2008-01-01

233

The teacher under stress  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stress in teachers can have negative effects on school as an organization teacher professional achievement, his/her and his/her family psychosocial status. The most frequent symptoms of a prolonged professional stress are anxiety, depression, frustration, unfriendly behavior towards students and colleagues, emotional weariness, and extreme tension. Health and psychological problems cause, most frequently, the reduction of self-esteem job dissatisfaction, job resignation, absenteeism, and wrong decision-making. In an attempt to call professional public attention to negative effects of stress on the outcomes of teacher work, we have analyzed four important aspects of stress teachers experience in their everyday work (a definition and measurement of stress, (b distribution and sources of stress (problem behaviors in students, poor working conditions, lack of time, poor school ethos, (c teacher personality traits (sex, age, work experience, locus of control, job satisfaction, intention to resign absenteeism, (d strategies for overcoming and reducing negative effects of stress (direct action techniques, palliative techniques.

Krnjaji? Stevan B.

2003-01-01

234

A Community of Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The philosophies behind teachers education programs and the classrooms where their students have their field experiences may be very different, especially in elementary classrooms since passage of NCLB. For students at Berea College, an institution with a unique history and mission, the disconnect can interfere with the prospective teacher's…

Starnes, Bobby Ann; Saderholm, Jon; Webb, Althea

2010-01-01

235

Statistics Teacher Network  

Science.gov (United States)

This website provides links to all current and past issues of "The Statistics Teacher Network". This newsletter for K-12 teachers is published three times a year, and presents up to date articles that describe statistical activities that have been successful in the classroom. It also informs educators of statistical workshops, programs, and reviews of books, software, and calculators.

2012-01-01

236

Children as Art Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

A goal of art learning is always independence, for everyone to become their own art teacher. Teaching for artistic independence can never start too early. As art teachers, children acquire confidence in their art, and in coming to school as artists. Children should be considered artists in residence and visiting artists in schools. It makes sense…

Szekely, George

2011-01-01

237

Teacher Dismissal for Cause  

Science.gov (United States)

This case presents a discussion of events that led to the dismissal of a teacher for cause. A first year high school principal is confronted with teacher behavior that creates a dangerous situation for students. The decision process to determine the appropriate organizational response involves a number of individuals and systems. The…

Allison, Brad; Schumacher, Gary; Hammonds, Craig

2013-01-01

238

Counseling Skills for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

By necessity, today's teachers do much more than deliver instruction. In the classroom, on the playground, or even in the parking lot, teachers are often called upon to respond quickly and appropriately to students' social and emotional needs, drawing from instinct more than anything else. In this second edition of "Counseling Skills for…

Kottler, Jeffrey A.; Kottler, Ellen

2006-01-01

239

Excellent emergency medicine educators adapt teaching methods to learner experience level and patient acuity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: This study investigates whether instructional methods used by excellent emergency medicine residency teachers change with changing conditions of learner level of training, patient acuity and department census. Methods: Four excellent, purposively selected, emergency medicine teachers consented to participate in this non-participant observational study. Teachers were observed for 32 hours in the emergency department, using a structured observation form focused on: teaching methods used, context learner level of training, emergency department patient census and patients' illness severity. Data was analyzed qualitatively using constant comparative analysis. Results: Fifteen (15 categories of teaching methods were observed. The 4 most frequently observed methods were: Questioning (used in 47of teaching encounters, Advice Giving (33, Limited Teaching Points (31 and Patient Updates (22. Patient Updates were more often used with senior residents. Multiple methods were used in most encounters. Teaching methods did not vary significantly with increased emergency department volume, but faculty and residents relied more heavily on a single method of teaching per encounter as patient acuity increased to Triage levels One and Two. Conclusions: Excellent emergency medicine teachers teaching methods were classified into 15 categories. They typically rely heavily on four methods, adapting to resident training level and patient illness severity, rather than patient volume. The observed teaching methods provide teachers who have high clinical productivity expectations and/or demanding emergency care settings with an enriched repertoire of teaching strategies.

Kristi H. Grall

2013-05-01

240

Emergent Learning Focused Teachers and Their Ecological Complexity Worldview  

Science.gov (United States)

Although Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) has gained ground, pedagogical models are sustainable only when situated in a comprehensive worldview and consistent epistemology. After considering the five values orientations offered by Jewett, Bain, and Ennis, the authors conclude that ecological integration offers a useful starting point in…

Butler, Joy I.; Storey, Brian; Robson, Claire

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

The Role of Error Correction in Working with Emergent Readers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Numerous studies have addressed questions concerning when it is appropriate for a teacher to give oral or written corrective feedback of an emergent reader's efforts; when students should begin to take a personal role in noting their errors; and how corrective feedback is most efficiently handled. Correction should focus primarily on errors that…

Gardner, Hilary A.

242

Beginning Teacher Programs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article reports the findings from the conduct of a 50- state survey to determine the status of state requirements and state components of beginning teacher programs instituted from 1983 to 1992. The article discusses the implementation of beginning teacher programs during the 1980s reform movement and describes the methodology used for the study. An analysis of seven state policy issues derived from an interpretation of the information about beginning teacher programs is provided, and four major themes identified in beginning teacher programs are presented. Appendices include detailed state-by-state information about beginning teacher programs and an annotated reference list of state materials and publications related to these programs.

Carol B. Furtwengler

1995-02-01

243

Analyzing stories told by an elementary science teacher in a fifth-grade classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze and interpret the stories told by one teacher, Ms. M, in a fifth grade science classroom. In this study, stories are defined as teacher utterances that are used in first person or third person narrative view, and are related to an experience that occurred outside the classroom. This research answers questions concerning: (a) what types of stories Ms. M tells during science instruction; (b) when these stories occur in the classroom; and (c) what pedagogical functions do these stories serve in the classroom. Utilizing theories on the social construction of knowledge and narrative cognition, stories told may be formed through multiple paths that follow no logical expression to make sense of the context and to connect to its audience. Therefore, this study provides insight into how Ms. M made sense of science with her stories and the ways in which they worked with her students. The results illlustrated that the types of stories found with Ms. M were autobiographical, biographical, fictional, or based on current events. These stories occurred when the teacher initiated the discussion by bringing forth a definition, a question or reinforcing a concept. However, the stories were triggered by students to a greater degree with their questions, concerns, observations or their own stories or explanations. Finally, all pedagogical functions of stories were identified with Ms. M's stories: promotion of engagement or attention of students, building community, clarifying concepts or vocabulary, activation and building of background knowledge and disclosure of teacher role and voice. Ms. M stories exemplified her sense-making of science and connections to her own life that her students were eventually able to make for themselves.

Trotman, Alicia M.

244

Good Teaching Matters, Teachers Matter, and Teacher Education Matters  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper was the keynote address at the June 6, 2012 Occidental College completion ceremony for new teachers completing their teacher credential program. This occasion was momentous because it was the final new teacher graduation that Occidental College would hold, due to the previously announced closure of the teacher preparation program by the…

Gordon, Lynn Melby

2012-01-01

245

Psychognostic component of teacher`s professional activity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article tells about teacher`s psychognostic apparatus and its role in this process. Proposed a model of teacher`s psychognostic activity realization within the bounds of educational process with the usage of psychological service elements.

Albina Minahmetova

2013-02-01

246

Teacher Performance Assessment in Teacher Education: An Example in Malaysia  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of a cross-cultural collaboration, a teacher performance assessment (TPA) was implemented during 2009 in three Malaysian institutes of teacher education. This paper reports on the TPA for graduating primary teachers in Malaysia. The investigation focused on the pre-service teachers' perceptions about whether the TPA provided them with an…

Gallant, Andrea; Mayer, Diane

2012-01-01

247

Teacher Wellbeing: The Importance of Teacher-Student Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Many studies have examined the importance of teacher-student relationships for the development of children. Much less is known, however, about how these relationships impact the professional and personal lives of teachers. This review considers the importance of teacher-student relationships for the wellbeing of teachers starting from the…

Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y.; Thijs, Jochem T.

2011-01-01

248

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers' and principals' expectations and perceptions related to teachers' leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazari, one of the two central municipalities in Eskisehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of…

Kiranh, Semra

2013-01-01

249

Investigating the role of educative curriculum materials in supporting teacher enactment of a field-based urban ecology investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

This multiple case study examined how three urban science teachers used curriculum materials designed educatively. Educative curriculum materials have been suggested as one way to support science teacher learning, particularly around new innovations and new pedagogies and to support teachers in evaluating and modifying materials to meet the needs of their students (Davis & Krajcik, 2005). While not a substitute for professional development, educative curriculum materials may provide an opportunity to support teachers' enactment and learning in the classroom context (Davis & Krajcik, 2005; Remillard, 2005; Schneider & Krajcik, 2002). However, little work has examined how science teachers interact with written curriculum materials to design classroom instruction. Grounded in sociocultural analysis, this study takes the theoretical stance that teachers and curriculum materials are engaged in a dynamic and participatory relationship from which the planned and enacted curriculum emerges (Remillard, 2005). Teaching is therefore a design activity where teachers rely on their personal resources and the curricular resources to construct and shape their students' learning experiences (Brown, 2002). Specifically this study examines how teacher beliefs influence their reading and use of curriculum and how educative features in the written curriculum inform teachers' pedagogical decisions. Data sources included classroom observation and video, teacher interviews, and classroom artifacts. To make sense how teachers' make curricular decisions, video were analyzed using Brown's (2002) Pedagogical Design for Enactment Framework. These coded units were examined in light of the teacher interviews, classroom notes and artifacts to examine how teachers' beliefs influenced these decisions. Data sources were then reexamined for evidence of teachers' use of specific educative features. My analyses revealed that teachers' beliefs about curriculum influenced the degree to which teachers relied on their own personal resources or the curricular resources in designing the taught curriculum. Teacher experience was also found to influence the degree to which teachers relied on their personal resources. Implications for teacher learning, professional development and curriculum development are discussed.

Houle, Meredith

250

Union Learning Representatives: Facilitating Professional Development for Scottish Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In the United Kingdom, teachers' professional associations and labor organizations, notably in the form of trade unions have historically been involved in education and training in the workplace. Recently, in the United Kingdom this activity has gained greater credence and importance due to the emergence of trade union learning representatives who…

Alexandrou, Alex; O'Brien, Jim

2007-01-01

251

The Secret to Finland's Success: Educating Teachers. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last decade, Finland has emerged as the leading OECD country in educational achievement. In examining the sources of Finland's dramatic rise to the top, research shows one key element that has impacted Finland's success above all others: excellent teachers. This policy brief details the key elements of Finland's successful system, examining…

Sahlberg, Pasi

2010-01-01

252

Teacher training in higher education: The case of teachers of medicine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper addresses the subject of teacher training in higher education, and more specifically the training of teachers of medicine. It starts by establishing a theoretical articulation between the fields of medical education and teacher training at the higher education level.Reference is made to the teaching component of academic activity, and to the importance which should be attached to this component, in terms both of progression in teaching careers and of training. The author examines the characteristics of the teaching activity of medical teachers and describes the training programme of the teaching staff at the Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa.From the conclusions drawn by the author, there emerge issues of leadership, involvement and participation by teachers in their own training, creation of programmes for professional development, and the existence in institutions of structures specifically designed for purposes of training, with an emphasis on the contribution of educational science specialists working within these structures.

Patrícia Rosado Pinto

2008-09-01

253

The Language Teacher’s Role in the Age of the Internet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Internet can have a strong influence on students learning the Japanese language in Slovenia, as well as in other parts of Europe. Almost all freshmen have come into contact with Japanese pop culture via the Internet. The aim of this paper is to discuss the teacher’s role in overcoming certain problems associated with learning the Japanese language in the age of the Internet. First, looking at a general survey of the current situation surrounding teaching Japanese language in Slovenia, we identify the advantages and disadvantages of using the Internet when learning the language. However, the disadvantages of the Internet that lead to learner problems are, in fact, the problems that we also face in daily communication. So, as a teacher, I propose following three strategies to lead the learner: first, let the learner’s interests stimulate him to explore a wider and deeper world; second, lead the learner to reconstruct his world; and third, lead the learner to self expression so that he can be understood by the listener and improve his communication skills. Such are teacher’s strategies for interactive communication based on individual standpoint versus a world view, which has emerged in teaching Japanese language when the learner seeks language skills not solely for practical purposes as in Slovenia. Considering this, I additionally propose for Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR ideology that those strategies aim to achieve “an expertise of the relationship with the Other” (Zarate, Gohard-Radenkovic, Lussier, & Penz. 2004, p. 11.

Nagisa MORITOKI

2011-10-01

254

Teacher Identity Work in Mathematics Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Becoming a teacher is not developing an identity, but is developing identity as a continuous process of constructing and deconstructing understandings within the complexities of social practice, beliefs, experiences, and social norms. I take up this stance on identity as articulated in Judith Butler's (1999) work with gender identity and…

Neumayer-Depiper, Jill

2013-01-01

255

Teacher Induction: Exploring Beginning Teacher Mentorship  

Science.gov (United States)

Induction programs, including mentorship, serve to bridge the transition from preservice to in-service teaching. This study explored the mentorship experiences of Saskatchewan beginning teachers. Analysis of interviews identified three themes: assigned/unassigned mentors, engaged/disengaged mentors, and single/multiple mentors. One moderating…

Hellsten, Laurie-ann M.; Prytula, Michelle P.; Ebanks, Althea; Lai, Hollis

2009-01-01

256

Mobile Learning in Maths Teacher Education: Using iPads to Support Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

An emerging body of literature explores mobile learning in teacher education contexts. A common theme is the facilitation of collaborative, authentic professional learning experiences, often leveraged by the immediate and spontaneous nature of learning in informal settings. This paper takes a snapshot of current developments with mobile learning…

Kearney, Matthew; Maher, Damian

2013-01-01

257

Teacher Observations on the Implementation of the Tools of the Mind Curriculum in the Classroom: Analysis of Interviews Conducted over a One-Year Period  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The following pilot study reports on teacher observations and reflections of implementing the Tools of the Mind curriculum in pre-k and kindergarten classrooms in an east coast urban school district in the US. The study followed five teachers over the course of a school year. Structured interviews were conducted with each teacher individually shortly after Tools of the Mind teacher training sessions took place. The analysis reports on themes that emerged in these conversations. Findings addre...

2012-01-01

258

Role of the Supervising Teacher.  

Science.gov (United States)

This speech outlines the role of the teacher supervisor in public schools. After a review of the negative aspects faced by many student teachers, recommendations are made for a better working and learning relationship between the teacher supervisor and the student teacher. The integrated program at Lenoir Rhyne College includes the following…

Painter, Lorene H.

259

More than "Just" a Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Most teachers often pass themselves off as "just" teachers, when in truth they are so much more. Teacher, adviser, consultant, confidante, manager, leader, partner, collaborator, role model, councillor, researcher, learner, friend. Of course, in the 21st-century education system teachers are expected to carry out roles well beyond "just"…

Bianchi, Lynne

2011-01-01

260

Coaching Teachers-in-Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the implementation effects of a program for teaching coaching skills to Dutch primary school teachers acting as supervising or cooperating teachers for teachers-in-training are described. Coaching is a form of in-class support intended to provide teachers-in-training with feedback on their functioning and, thereby, stimulate…

Veenman, Simon; Gerrits, Jacqueline; Kenter, Jacqueline

 
 
 
 
261

Book Review: Teachers taking action  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Teachers Taking Action: A Comprehensive Guide to Teacher Research, editors Cynthia Lassonde and Susan Israel provide readers with a text that offers advice to teacher researchers on topics ranging from understanding what it means to conduct teacher research to developing a study and then getting that study published.

Bob Fecho

2009-01-01

262

Conversation principles and second language utterances  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Conversation principles, such as those of Grice (1957, 1968, 1975), Austin (1962), Searle (1962, 1969) are formulated to enable interlocutors to interact meaningfully, in a linguistic project. Non-observance and flouting of these principles occur regularly in the verbal behaviours of users of a language, indeed, sophisticated users of a language, sometimes deliberately go against these norms, as stylistic devices in their output. When such non-conformities occur, hearers an...

Phyllis Kaburise

2011-01-01

263

Nigerian Teachers’ Integration of Personal Response System into ESL Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the last two decades, there has been the global clamour for the integration of emerging technologies into school curriculum; hence researchers and educators have had increased focus on technology integration in schools in order to have a shift of paradigm from the teacher-centred to student-centred classroom instruction. This study examined the predictive power of teachers’ perceived usefulness (PU, perceived ease of use (PEU, behavioural intention (BI to use Personal Response System (PRS and computer experience (CE on teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS in improving communicative competence in the classroom where English is taught as a second language (ESL. Seventeen (17 teachers constituted the sample for the study. A self-report questionnaire and a semi-structured interview-guide were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics such as simple percentage, mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple regression were used for data analysis at 0.05 significance level. Results indicated that teachers were generally positively disposed to integrating PRS in ESL classrooms. Moreover, teachers’ disposition was not significantly dictated by gender. Except for CE, constructs like PU, PEU and BI showed significant positive correlation with attitude to PRS. The results of regression analysis indicated that the set of variables combined to predict teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS. Relatively, PU was the potent predictor of the dependent variable.

Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe Agbatogun

2011-08-01

264

Dog Bite Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... Emergency Care Animal Welfare Veterinary Careers Public Health Dog bite emergencies What do I do if I’ ... vaccination records. What do I do if my dog bites someone? Dog bites are scary for everyone ...

265

[Emerging noninfectious diseases].  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, emerging diseases were defined as being infectious, acquiring high incidence, often suddenly, or being a threat or an unexpected phenomenon. This study discusses the hallmarks of emerging diseases, describing the existence of noninfectious emerging diseases, and elaborating on the advantages of defining noninfectious diseases as emerging ones. From the discussion of various mental health disorders, nutritional deficiencies, external injuries and violence outcomes, work injuries and occupational health, and diseases due to environmental factors, the conclusion is drawn that a wide variety of noninfectious diseases can be defined as emergent. Noninfectious emerging diseases need to be identified in order to improve their control and management. A new definition of "emergent disease" is proposed, one that emphasizes the pathways of emergence and conceptual traits, rather than descriptive features. PMID:19141178

Consiglio, Ezequiel

2008-11-01

266

Emergency Supply List  

Science.gov (United States)

Emergency Supply List www.ready.gov Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit: q Prescription medications and glasses ... However, it is important that individuals review this list and consider where they live and the unique ...

267

Tube Feeding Emergency Kit  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tube Feeding Emergency Kit Imagine having fifteen minutes to evacuate before a natural disaster strikes. Or imagine rushing your ... of a local community hospital completely unfamiliar with tube-feeding. Having an emergency kit full of tube-feeding ...

268

Non-native Chinese Foreign Language (CFL) Teachers: Identity and Discourse  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Native Chinese foreign language (CFL) teacher identity is an emerging subject of research interest in the teacher education. Yet, limited study has been done on the construction of Non-native CFL teachers in their home culture. Guided by a concept of teacher identity-in-discourse, the paper reports on a qualitative study that explores how three Non-native CFL teachers construct their teacher identity as they interact with Danish students while teaching CFL at one Danish university. Data collected from in-depth interviews over a period of two years show that the Non-native CFL teachers face tensions and challenges in constructing their identities as CFL teachers, and the tensions and challenges that arose from Danish teaching culture could influence the Non-native CFL teachers' contributions to CFL teaching in their home cultures. The findings further show that in order to cope with the tensions and challenges, the Non-native CFL teachers create an alternative space in ways that enable them to construct their identities as Non-native CFL teachers.

Zhang, Chun

269

The Emergence of Student Creativity in Classroom Settings: A Case Study of Elementary Schools in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

This research explores the emergence of student creativity in classroom settings, specifically within two content areas: science and social studies. Fourteen classrooms in three elementary schools in Korea were observed, and the teachers and students were interviewed. The three types of student creativity emerging in the teaching and learning…

Cho, Younsoon; Chung, Hye Young; Choi, Kyoulee; Seo, Choyoung; Baek, Eunjoo

2013-01-01

270

Harwell emergency handbook  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Harwell Laboratory Emergency Handbook 1987 contains emergency procedures to deal with any incident which might occur at AERE Harwell involving radioactive or toxic material releases. The Handbook gives details of the duties of members of the Site Emergency Organization and other key members of staff, the methods by which incidents are controlled, the communication links and liaison arrangements with other organizations and the possible consequences and actions that may be needed following an emergency. (UK)

1986-01-01

271

Narrative construction of teacher identity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There has been an overemphasis within narrative approaches to teacher identity to use autobiographical material and personal accounts from teachers or teacher students as material sources for analysis. Very few studies draw on alternative empirical sources as a point of departure to investigate the narrative construction of teacher identity. This thesis therefore investigates how teacher identity is narratively constructed by three significant actors within the Norwegian elementary school sys...

2007-01-01

272

Information Literacy for Future Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main goal of this study is to evaluate primary teacher education programs in Croatia. Prior to evaluation of the primary teacher education programs, expected primary teacher education competencies were defined. The expected teacher competencies were determined according to the goals stated in the Croatian national curriculum. In addition, international guidelines for information literacy development among primary education teachers were used. An extensive literature review on inf...

2012-01-01

273

Monterey Bay Aquarium Teachers & Kids  

Science.gov (United States)

Education page with resources for teachers and students. Teacher's Place has teacher professional development opportunities such as Wetlands Teacher Institute and Teacher Open House, a quarterly electronic educator newsletter, and hands-on elementary level classroom activities. Subjects include: kelp forests, sea otters, sharks, tide pools, and penguins. Kid's Corner has games and activities, aquarium career information, summer programs, web cams, and animal field guides.

274

Emergent gravity in graphene  

CERN Document Server

We reconsider monolayer graphene in the presence of elastic deformations. It is described by the tight - binding model with varying hopping parameters. We demonstrate, that the fermionic quasiparticles propagate in the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and in the presence of the emergent U(1) gauge field. Both emergent geometry and the gauge field are defined by the elastic deformation of graphene.

Zubkov, M A

2013-01-01

275

An exploratory study into the experience of part-time nurse teachers compared to full-time nurse teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The part-time labour force, in nursing as elsewhere, is often unacknowledged, or conveniently assumed to have lesser commitment than the full-time labour force (Davies 1990). This paper reports the findings of an ethnographic study of five part-time nurse teachers and five full-time nurse teachers, which explored whether organisational and other constraints experienced by five part-time nurse teachers at one college of nursing, were the same for full-time nurse teachers. Four major themes emerged from the findings. Three constraints were identified by both part-time and full-time members, and they were related to issues of communication networks, valuing colleagues, and the results of coercive psychological contracts. The full-time teachers experienced these constraints but apparently to a lesser degree. The fourth theme was related to part-time teachers only. They identified that the flexibility of part-time hours enabled them to make compromises between their professional and other roles. The results of this study suggest that there is a need for part-time and full-time nurse teachers to work together in a collaborative manner, so that they are able to negotiate local working arrangements. PMID:9025529

Wareham, P L

1996-10-01

276

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Cassie Swanepoel

2008-02-01

277

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decis [...] ion-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Cassie, Swanepoel.

278

Teacher Reflection as Teacher Change, and Teacher Change as Moral Response  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher reflection has been a popular topic during the past twenty years. The literature generally discusses teacher reflection as either (a) retrospection, (b) problem solving, (c) critical reflection, or (d) reflection-in-action. This qualitative study went beyond these typical descriptors to characterize teacher reflection instead as teacher

Boody, Robert M.

2008-01-01

279

Becoming a Content-ESL Teacher: A Dialogic Journey of a Science Teacher and Teacher Educator  

Science.gov (United States)

This dialogical narrative describes the observations and changes in instruction of an 8th-grade science teacher in an English language learner (ELL) sheltered science class before and after receiving instruction in ESL methods, and the backdrop for the teacher's growth, as narrated by the second language teacher educator who directed the teacher's…

Welsh, Lori C.; Newman, Karen L.

2010-01-01

280

From emerging economies toward the Emerging Triad  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article an entirely new structural approach called the ‘Emerging Triad’ is identified, which is dealing with the increasing regional, intra- and interregional integration of the emerging regions Latin America, Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In this context the increasing south-south cooperation’s, specific transregional free trade agreements as well as foreign direct investments are identified as the main driver for this ongoing networking process. For a deeper analys...

Dehnen, Hermann Sebastian; Dinther, Jan H.; Koubek, Norbert

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Getting Along with Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

... you have this kind of relationship with a teacher, he or she can be someone to turn to with problems, such as problems with learning or school issues, such as bullying . As a kid in elementary or middle school, ...

282

Physics Teacher Quality  

Science.gov (United States)

Physics Teacher Quality at Angelo State University (ASU) and Education Service Center Region XV is funded through a US Department of Education grant. In this program secondary science teachers from local and rural districts within Region XV learn and practice physics and principles of technology concepts emphasized in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), improve practice of 5E model of guided inquiry, and complete activity-based laboratories and field investigations. Investigations include field and laboratory safety, environmental responsibility, ethical practices, application of scientific methods to open-ended problems encountered in the physical sciences, and critical thinking and problem solving. Teachers are assessed through pre- and post- testing, lab practicum, and classroom observation over a two-year cycle. Assessment data from 2004 through 2008 indicates Physics Teacher Quality is changing teaching behavior in the secondary classroom.

Wallace, Andrew; Bixler, David

2010-03-01

283

Medical emergencies in Goa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Most emergencies in Goa arise due to road traffic accidents and drowning, which have been compounded by the rise in number of recorded accidents in 2007 to be above 4000. It is believed that 11 people meet with an accident on Goa?s roads every day and this is expected to rise by 10% by next year. Similar is the case with drownings and other medical emergencies. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional survey of medical emergencies and identify various types of emergencies presenting to emergency departments. Materials and Methods: Using a stratified random sampling design, all emergencies presenting to the three government hospitals in Goa, which handle 90% of all emergencies currently, were studied on specially designed data sheets in order to collect data. Emergency medical technicians (ETs were placed in the Casualty Ward of the medical colleges and they recorded all emergencies on the data sheet. The collected data were then analyzed for stratification and mapping of emergencies. Results: GMC Hospital attended to majority of emergencies (62%, which were mainly of the nature of accidents or assaults (17% and fever related (17%. Most emergencies were noncritical and about 1% expired. Maximum emergencies also presented from Salcette and Bardez, and occurred among young males in the age group of 19-45 years. Males were also more prone to accidents while females had pregnancies as emergencies. Conclusion: Potential emergency services need to target young males with higher concentrations required in Salcette in South Goa and Bardez in North Goa.

Saddichha Sahoo

2010-01-01

284

Teachers and perceptions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A questionnaire was circulated in 2007 to the career-guidance counselors or, in their absence, mathematics teachers, teaching at the 200 primary feeder schools of the University of Pretoria to determine their perception of the accounting profession in comparison to the engineering, legal and medical professions. The South African secondary school teachers generally held the accounting profession in lower esteem than the engineering and medical professions, but in higher esteem than the legal ...

Coetzee, Stephen; Oberholzer, Ruanda

2009-01-01

285

Training and informing teachers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear Electric operates 12 nuclear plants in England and Wales. Through the Visitors Centres attached to these power stations and complementary national initiatives, the company is able to provide a broad ranging educational programme for teachers and pupils. The company's policy and its education programme (books, visits, conference, events,...) are detailed from the perspective of both teachers and pupils. An evaluation of the education programme at Visitor Centres is under way and is already identifying new initiatives for the company to explore

1994-01-01

286

Lava Layering: Teacher Page  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the Teacher Page of an activity that teaches students about the stratigraphy of lava flows produced by multiple eruptions. This page has background information on lava flows (with an emphasis on the Moon), recipes for the play dough required for the activity, and questions for the teacher to ask. The procedures for this activity can be found on the Student Page. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

287

Teachers before the 'threshold'  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the summer of 2000, the government will introduce a new system of pay and performance management for teachers. The Centre for Economic Performance is conducting a ‘before-andafter’ panel study of teachers and schools to ascertain its effects on motivation and performance. This paper reports preliminary findings from the first wave of the survey, before the introduction of the new system. The likely effects of the new system, on the basis of these results, are examined from the poin...

Marsden, David

2000-01-01

288

Routes towards emergent gravity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We discuss a toy model for an emergent non-relativistic gravitational theory. Within a certain class of Bose-Einstein condensates, it is possible to show that, in a suitable regime, a modified version of non-relativistic Newtonian gravity does effectively describes the low energy dynamics of the coupled system condensate/quasi-particles. Furthermore, we study the role of Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance in emergent gravity scenarios by developing a toy model showing an emergent Lorentzian signature from a Euclidean setting and simultaneously and emergent gravitational dynamics of the Noerdstrom type (scalar gravity). Some lessons about the crucial challenges awaiting in the future the emergent gravity proposal are finally drawn.

2010-04-01

289

Student to Teacher  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher preparation cast in Heidegger’s terms is “present-at-hand” (potentially useful until interrogation makes it ready-to-hand (actually useable. What authentic questions prompt teaching to become ready-to-hand for the beginning teacher? How might we show that the essential particularity for phronesis (knowledge as practical wisdom resides in teaching other Beings who are not just present or ready for us, but are creating the very world in which we encounter within the classroom? The study described below, undertaken in the 2008/2009 school year, juxtaposes passages from Being and Time (Heidegger, 1962 with observations in the classroom, knowledge of the local university teacher preparation program, and interviews with beginning teachers. So that no teacher might be able to self-identify, “Becky” and “Eloise” are both fictitious names. “Becky” comes from a university program outside the area now teaching in the district described in the study, whereas “Eloise” was educated in the local teacher preparation program.

Sheila Spence

2012-06-01

290

HANARO radiation emergency plan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The emergency plan of High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor (HANARO), which is prepared according to the Korea Atomic Energy Law, the Civil Defense Law and the related regulation Guides such as the NUREG which is USNRC regulation guide, is designed to ensure adequate response capabilities to the emergency event which would cause a significant risk to the KAERI staff and the population living in the neighbourhood of KAERI site. This plan describes the emergency organizations and their duties, the emergency classification on the radiation accidents, the emergency response facilities and equipments, the course of action to be taken in the event which may occurs, the education and drills to improve the capability against emergency accidents of emergency staffs, and the public protection guide against radiation exposure. 14 tabs., 11 figs. (Author) .new

1996-01-01

291

Teachers doing science: An authentic geology research experience for teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Fairmont State University (FSU) and the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES) provided a small pilot group of West Virginia science teachers with a professional development session designed to mimic experiences obtained by geology majors during a typical summer field camp. Called GEOTECH, the program served as a research capstone event complimenting the participants' multi-year association with the RockCamp professional development program. GEOTECH was funded through a Improving Teacher Quality Grant administered by West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission. Over the course of three weeks, eight GEOTEACH participants learned field measurement and field data collection techniques which they then applied to the construction of a surficial geologic map. The program exposed participants to authentic scientific processes by emphasizing the authentic scientific application of content knowledge. As a secondary product, it also enhanced their appreciation of the true nature of science in general and geology particular. After the session, a new appreciation of the effort involved in making a geologic map emerged as tacit knowledge ready to be transferred to their students. The program was assessed using pre/post instruments, cup interviews, journals, artifacts (including geologic maps, field books, and described sections), performance assessments, and constructed response items. Evaluation of the accumulated data revealed an increase in participants demonstrated use of science content knowledge, an enhanced awareness and understanding of the processes and nature of geologic mapping, positive dispositions toward geologic research and a high satisfaction rating for the program. These findings support the efficacy of the experience and document future programmatic enhancements.

Hemler, D.; Repine, T.

2006-01-01

292

Education scholarship in emergency medicine part 3: a "how-to" guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACTSuccessful emergency medicine (EM) education scholarship requires a systematic approach that includes searching the (grey) literature, mobilizing resources, adopting frameworks to focus the innovation, integrating a component of program evaluation, and disseminating the innovation via traditional and emerging avenues. This paper provides direction for EM teachers and educators looking to transform their education innovation into scholarship. Recommendations on producing EM education scholarship from the 2013 consensus conference of the Academic Section of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians are presented. PMID:25027787

Bhanji, Farhan; Cheng, Adam; Frank, Jason R; Snell, Linda; Sherbino, Jonathan

2014-05-01

293

An Examination of Early Childhood Teacher Education in Four West African Nations: Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines opportunities and challenges in early childhood teacher education in Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia. It reviews socioeconomic and political issues, current and emerging policies for early childhood and primary education, teacher preparation strategies, and examples of successful programs. Information was collected during…

Pagano, Alicia I.

294

Implementing on-Campus Microteaching to Elicit Preservice Teachers' Reflection on Teaching Actions: Fresh Perspective on an Established Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

This article calls for renewed emphasis on the use of on-campus microteaching to facilitate simultaneously preservice teachers' performance of effective teaching skills and their capability to reflect meaningfully on their emergent teaching actions. In making a case for greater focus on the implementation of microteaching in preservice teacher

Amobi, Funmi A.; Irwin, Leslie

2009-01-01

295

THE STAGES AND CONTENT OF THE CREATIVE COMPETENCE MONITORING OF A FUTURE TEACHER IN THE SCIENTIFIC CO-CREATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the stages and content of the monitoring of the creative competence of a future teacher in the scientific co-creation, which included diagnostics, assessment and forecasting of the pedagogical process. The author gives the definition of the term «creative competence of a future teacher» and leads diagnostic instruments for each component of the emerging competence.

Shumovskaya Alfiya Gamirovna

2013-06-01

296

A Teachers’ Guide for Action  

...A Teachers’ Guide for Action Institute of Physics institute,physics,iop,education,schools,teacher,support This site uses cookies. By continuing to use ... IOP Institute of Physics For physics bull; For physicists bull; For all Home News About us Contact us Calendar MyIOP Search ...are here Education I am a teacher Support for teachers Girls in physics A Teachers’ Guide for Action I am a teacher ...Support for teachers Girls in physics Science: It’s a People Thing: a discussion workshop for girls It's different for Girls - the ...

297

Emergency in Burn; Burn in Emergency  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Physicians who first meet with burned patients are often emergency service employees. When the patient was admitted to emergency service, especially in patients with major burn injury, is a matter should be dealt with strongly. Before sending the patients to a burn center, some interventions could became life saving which should be done as a first line treatment. Herein, review of the literature related to emergency burn treatment was performed and presented to all physicians as a summary guide. In addition, some questions such as how should be physician, who first meet with the burned patient, evaluated the patient, what should be physician paid attention, which principles should be employed for fluid replacement, how should be approached to burn wound are tried to be addressed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(3.000: 365-368

Yalcin Bayram

2012-06-01

298

EMERGENT LITERACY BELIEFS IN PRESCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN CONTEXTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to understand how a group of preschool/kindergarten teachers (N = 340 perceivesand accomplishes linguistic and literacy oriented practices. Results show that, in a set of literacyand language tasks, teachers tend to value oral driven tasks and seldom engage in activities that relate toteaching the written language. This profile of educators is a reflection of prevalent views in pre-serviceteacher education and of some of the most common practices in Portuguese preschool and kindergartenclasses (ages 3-6 and suggests that teachers have limited scientific knowledge of emergent literacy concepts.It seems that, despite being promoted to university training in the last 20 years, pre-service educationdoes not yet reflect the state of the art in early childhood education. In a set of in-depth interviews (N= 8 we found a close association between the absence of literacy practices and the absence of pre-servicespecific knowledge about this subject. Participants that report consistent and regular linguistic and literacyoriented practices seem to perceive pre-service education as critical for their commitment to thosepractices. On the other hand, older teachers and teachers with lower training levels seem to undervaluespecific literacy oriented tasks. The opposite seems to happen with younger and more educated teachers.Overall, our study suggests that the contents of pre-service and in-service education induce specific practicesin preschool/kindergarten contexts, but it also suggests that this impact may be limited by socializationeffects of dominant professional practices.

JOÃO LOPES

2009-11-01

299

Attitudes of Student-teachers towards Written Teacher’s Guide  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The literature on Teacher’s Guides combines knowledge of discipline-related content and pedagogy-related content in reference to the objectives and contents of the Ministry of Education curriculum. It serves as a self-study tool that provides guidelines of how to teach in light of the various changing goals and needs of the teacher. The corpus on which this research focused was the Teacher’s Guide for Hebrew literature and the question we focused on was: Do student-teachers of Hebrew literature at a teacher education college who use this tool find that it meets their expectations? The qualitative and quantitative findings of the research, which involved 21 student-teachers for Hebrew literature at a teacher education college, led to the conclusion that the students’ expectations of the Teacher’s Guide differ from the disciplinary qualities and especially the didactic qualities it actually contains. The Teacher’s Guide is not organized in a manner suited to student-teachers even though they are a primary target audience for it.

Lea Baratz

2012-02-01

300

Taiwanese Teachers’ Beliefs about Professional Growth in Shin-Ju District  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to identify experienced teachers’ perceptions of and beliefs about their professional development; examine experienced teachers’ perceptions of their process of learning to teach and forming personal practical theories of teaching, and describe experienced teachers’ perceptions of significant experiences in their professional growth and personal development that shaped or influenced their approach to teaching. The experiences serve as a backdrop for understanding teachers’ beliefs about their professional growth. This qualitative study selected 10 experienced secondary teachers with more than 15 years of teaching experiences in Shin-Chu District in Taiwan. Data collection techniques include: (1 semi-structured individual interviews; (2 informal observations, interviews, and field notes, and (3 documents and records. The OSR-NUD*IST qualitative data analysis computer software program was used as the tool for data analysis. The following conclusions were based on the results of the analysis of the data: knowledge about teachers’ beliefs about professional development, and knowledge about practice that facilitated teachers’ personal development. The emerging concerns and beliefs identified in this study included: (a beliefs about professional development; (b beliefs about teachers’ learning; (c beliefs about teachers’ role; and (d teachers’ beliefs about curriculum.

Yi-Ching Huang

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
301

Reading strategy instruction and teacher change: implications for teacher training  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english I report on teacher change in the context of a reading strategy instruction intervention. Reading Strategy Instruction (RSI) was implemented by three teachers, new to the concept, over a period of 15 weeks. Observations of these teachers showed that a multitude of factors affect the uptake of RSI as [...] part of everyday teaching practice, and that teachers seem to move through distinct phases in their uptake of RSI. The article focuses on teachers' reaction to RSI and highlights a number of issues that are important to the implementation of RSI, not the least of which is that a clear need exists for changes to in-service teacher training and support and pre-service teacher training. In an effort to address these training issues the article contains specific recommendations for pre-service teacher training in particular.

Nanda M, Klapwijk.

302

Reading strategy instruction and teacher change: implications for teacher training  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I report on teacher change in the context of a reading strategy instruction intervention. Reading Strategy Instruction (RSI was implemented by three teachers, new to the concept, over a period of 15 weeks. Observations of these teachers showed that a multitude of factors affect the uptake of RSI as part of everyday teaching practice, and that teachers seem to move through distinct phases in their uptake of RSI. The article focuses on teachers' reaction to RSI and highlights a number of issues that are important to the implementation of RSI, not the least of which is that a clear need exists for changes to in-service teacher training and support and pre-service teacher training. In an effort to address these training issues the article contains specific recommendations for pre-service teacher training in particular.

Nanda M Klapwijk

2012-01-01

303

??????????????? Research on How to Mold Teacher’s Personality Charisma  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The personality charisma of a teacher plays a very important role in the physical, intellectual and psychological development of college students. As a teacher, we should shape our own charisma by the fol-lowing...

???

2011-01-01

304

Emergent Cosmology Revisited  

CERN Document Server

We explore the possibility of emergent cosmology using the effective potential formalism. We discover new models of emergent cosmology which satisfy the constraints posed by the cosmic microwave background (CMB). We demonstrate that, within the framework of modified gravity, the emergent scenario can arise in a universe which is spatially open/closed. By contrast, in general relativity (GR) emergent cosmology arises from a spatially closed past-eternal Einstein Static Universe (ESU). In GR the ESU is unstable, which creates fine tuning problems for emergent cosmology. However, modified gravity models including Braneworld models, Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and Asymptotically Free Gravity result in a stable ESU. Consequently, in these models emergent cosmology arises from a larger class of initial conditions including those in which the universe eternally oscillates about the ESU fixed point. We demonstrate that such an oscillating universe is necessarily accompanied by graviton production. For a large region...

Bag, Satadru; Shtanov, Yuri; Unnikrishnan, Sanil

2014-01-01

305

Restructuring Teachers' Work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite repeated attempts to reform schools, teachers' work has remained surprisingly stable. The purpose of this study was to investigate implementation of a state-funded restructuring initiative that intended broad changes in teachers' professional roles. Sponsors of the founding legislation reasoned that changes in teachers' roles would contribute to higher student achievement. This study examined the question of whether and how this program of comprehensive whole-school change promoted changes in teachers' roles in school governance, collegial relations, and the classroom. Further, the study traced the relationship of these changes to one another, and weighed the likelihood that they had the capacity to affect core educational practices. Theoretically, this study is situated in the available literature on teachers' collegial relations; participation in shared decision making; and classroom roles, relationships and practice. Three elementary schools served as the sites for intensive qualitative data collection completed over a two-year period. The schools differed in geographic location (two urban, one rural, but all enrolled a racially, ethnically and linguistically diverse population of students, and more than half of the students in each school qualified for free or reduced price lunch. The study resulted in multiple types and sources of data on teachers' professional roles, including: observations in classrooms, collegial interactions, and governance situations; interviews with teachers (including teacher leaders, parents, administrators, and students; and documents pertaining to the restructuring plans and process. Findings show that changes in the three areas were achieved unevenly in the three schools. All three schools introduced changes in classroom practice and roles, ranging from the adoption of multi-age classrooms to more modest innovations in curriculum or instruction. In only one case were changes in professional roles outside the classroom organized to support and sustain classroom changes. Two of the three schools introduced changes in staff organization (teacher teams and leadership (governance committees, but under-estimated the professional development and other supports that would in turn support changes in classroom practice. Altogether, it appears unlikely that the observed changes in professional roles were sufficiently well established and connected to affect core educational practice in the long run.

Lisa Kirtman

2002-05-01

306

Handbook of pulmonary emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book presents information on the following topics: clinical assessment of the patient with pulmonary disease; interpretation of arterial blood gases in the emergency patient; life-threatening pneumonia; extrapulmonic ventilatory failure; acute inhalation lung disease; pulmonary edema; near drowning; chest trauma; upper airway emergencies; chronic lung disease with acute respiratory decompensation; acute respiratory failure in the patient with chronic airflow obstruction; asthma; hemoptysis; embolic pulmonary disease; superior vena cava syndrome; catastrophic pleural disease; ventilatory assistance and its complications; and ventilator emergencies.

Spaquolo, S.V.; Medinger, A

1986-01-01

307

Emergencies and Democratic Failure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Critics of emergency measures such as the U.S. government’s response to 9/11 invoke the Carolene Products framework, which directs courts to apply strict scrutiny to laws and executive actions that target political or ethnic minorities. The critics suggest that such laws and actions are usually the product of democratic failure, and are especially likely to be so during emergencies. However, the application of the Carolene Productsframework to emergencies is questionable. Democratic failure...

Vermeule, Cornelius Adrian; Posner, Eric A.

2006-01-01

308

Flux Emergence (Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Magnetic flux emergence from the solar convection zone into the overlying atmosphere is the driver of a diverse range of phenomena associated with solar activity. In this article, we introduce theoretical concepts central to the study of flux emergence and discuss how the inclusion of different physical effects (e.g., magnetic buoyancy, magnetoconvection, reconnection, magnetic twist, interaction with ambient field in models impact the evolution of the emerging field and plasma.

Mark C. M. Cheung

2014-07-01

309

Internal emergency rehearsal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CSN has been assigned with several functions in the management of nuclear or radiologic emergencies, such as the technical assessment to the authorities for the decision making on the forgoing steps and measures. The article describes the emergency reply organization prepared by the CSN with the description of a practical example: the tracking from the SALEM of an internal emergency rehearsal in the Asco nuclear power station. (Author) 6 refs

1998-01-01

310

Emergency preparedness for libraries  

CERN Document Server

Despite the volumes of information they contain, few libraries, whose population at any given moment is as unpredictable as the weather, know how to prepare for, endure, and survive a disaster, whether natural or man-made, and even fewer put their know-how to paper. Emergency Preparedness for Libraries provides library management with a comprehensive guide to planning and executing emergency procedures. Based, in part, on an emergency preparedness seminar the author has presented for the American Library Association, Emergency Preparedness for Libraries provides library personnel with detailed

Todaro, Julie

2009-01-01

311

ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS TOOTH AVULSION AMONG SPORTS TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Tooth avulsion is one of the commonest types of physical sport injury. Themanagement of these cases is critical in order to prevent complete loss of tooth and its subsequentconsequences. The prognosis of such avulsed tooth depends on prompt treatment. The emergencymanagement of such avulsed tooth is made by the sports teacher who is present at the sports ground. Thefirst–aid knowledge about tooth avulsion is must for the sports teacher. Aim: The objective of the presentstudy was to evaluate the knowledge about management of tooth avulsion among sports teachers inAhmednagar District. Methods: A sample of 60 sports teachers were interviewed from different schools.The data was collected using a self administered questionnaire containing seven items which wasdistributed among the sports teacher from different schools. Results: we found that 90% of the sportsteachers were not having the first-aid knowledge about the emergency management of avulsed tooth andthe benefit of timely care. This demands an effort to properly educate sports teachers about first-aidmanagement and consequently change their attitude towards dental trauma.

FARHEEN USTAD

2013-05-01

312

Teachers View on Social and Emotional Aspect of Pedagogical Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Bologna process challenges European higher education area by comparability and compatibility of several issues including educators? professional competence. However, through their educational philosophy and activity educators have discovered and shaped their own sense and meaning of pedagogical competence. During the time when teacher professional standard has been reexamined nationally, teachers? voice in Latvia is still poorly considered. Therefore, this article aims to provide a balance between two directions-?from-above? that implies policy and legislation and ?from-below? that stands for practitioners? own voice. Approach: This study is an attempt to enter into professional world of elementary school teachers and to describe how they interpret meaning of their pedagogical competence embodied in educational activity. Thus, this basic interpretive study reflects characteristics of phenomenology and constructionism. The data are collected through semi-structured interviews. The sample (n = 14 is created by snowball approach and includes teachers who represent different length of service, main ethnic backgrounds and geographical parts of Latvia. The data analysis implies identification of recurrent themes that emerge through the data. Results: As a result, the study provides a description of developed themes that illustrate elementary school teachers? understanding of social and emotional aspect of pedagogical competence. Conclusion: The developed themes are discussed in the context of Bologna initiatives in higher education, holistic understanding of pedagogical competence and sustainable development of teacher education.

Inga Belousa

2012-01-01

313

Recognising and Developing Urban Teachers: Chartered London Teacher Status  

Science.gov (United States)

Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…

Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne

2008-01-01

314

Teacher Efficacy of High School Mathematics Co-Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

High school mathematics inclusion classes help provide all students the access to rigorous curriculum. This study provides information about the teacher efficacy of high school mathematics co-teachers. It considers the influence of the amount of collaborative planning time on the efficacy of co-teachers. A quantitative research design was used,…

Rimpola, Raquel C.

2011-01-01

315

Physics Teacher SOS: Supporting New Teachers without Pushing an Agenda  

Science.gov (United States)

Few workshops for teachers focus primarily on instruction methods for basic high school physics. In Northern California, Physics Teacher SOS (PTSOS) has gained popularity doing just that. PTSOS workshops are directed toward early-career science teachers, though veterans are welcome too. The program is not influenced by scientific supply companies,…

Baird, Dean

2013-01-01

316

Narrative Construction of Professional Teacher Identity of Teachers with Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper considers the development of teachers' professional identity in the context of educators that have diverse backgrounds. We elucidate how teachers with dyslexia working in tertiary education use narrative resources to construct and negotiate their professional teacher identities. The analysis of narrative interviews, interpreted within…

Burns, Eila; Bell, Sheena

2011-01-01

317

Teacher Temperament: Correlates with Teacher Caring, Burnout, and Organizational Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

This study utilized the Big Five personality measure to assess the relationships among teacher temperament, caring orientation, and dimensions of teacher burnout. Perceptions of supervisor caring, job satisfaction, and teacher motivation were assessed. Respondents in this study were 48 college faculty teaching a variety of classes at a…

Teven, Jason J.

2007-01-01

318

Teacher Empowerment as Perceived by Teachers in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

The Hong Kong Government first introduced school-based management (ABM) to the education profession in 1991, but little attention has been paid on the role of teachers in school reforms. Under SBM, teachers are key players in determining school policies and practices. It is believed that teachers' dedication and performance are the most important…

Wan, Eric

2005-01-01

319

Depth of Teachers' Knowledge: Frameworks for Teachers' Knowledge of Mathematics  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes seven teacher knowledge frameworks and relates these frameworks to the teaching and assessment of elementary teacher's mathematics knowledge. The frameworks classify teachers' knowledge and provide a vocabulary and common language through which knowledge can be discussed and assessed. These frameworks are categorized into…

Holmes, Vicki-Lynn

2012-01-01

320

Teachers' Planning Processes: Seeking Insights from Australian Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The Australian Curriculum: Mathematics (AC:M) prompts consideration of planning processes teachers typically use (as a whole school, in grade levels, and at the classroom level). In order to gain insights into the nature of the planning decisions teachers make, Australian teachers drawn from every state and territory were invited to respond to a…

Sullivan, Peter; Clarke, Doug M.; Albright, James; Clarke, David J.; Farrell, Lesley; Freebody, Peter; Gerrard, Jessica; Michels, Deborah

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change among Early Childhood Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher

Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia

2010-01-01

322

Teacher Induction: Implications for Physical Education Teacher Development and Retention  

Science.gov (United States)

Data show that 46% of all teachers in public schools will leave the profession within their first 5 years of teaching (Ingersoll, 2003). These data refer to teachers from all disciplines including physical education. To address these problems school districts have developed teacher induction programs that show promising results. Our literature…

Banville, Dominique; Rikard, G. Linda

2009-01-01

323

Preservice Teachers: Teacher Preparation, Multicultural Curriculum and Culturally Relevant Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is part of a larger study that uses mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative methods) to investigate preservice teachers' knowledge and understanding of multiculturalism and to prepare preservice teachers to work in diverse classrooms. The results indicate two findings: 1) that preservice teachers come from homogeneous backgrounds;…

Hopkins-Gillispie, Delphina

2009-01-01

324

Student-Identified Exemplary Teachers: Insights from Talented Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

What roles do teachers play in the development of talent and in the attitude of students toward school? Research indicates that teacher enthusiasm, feedback, and content knowledge are keys to student motivation, learning, and engagement. Research also reveals the importance of positive and supportive student/teacher relationships. In previous work…

Gentry, Marcia; Steenbergen-Hu, Saiying; Choi, Byung-yeon

2011-01-01

325

Meeting Teachers Half Way: Making Educational Research Relevant to Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

A focus group of 49 teachers revealed that teachers do use research, but they seek it out under very specific conditions. They also use different criteria than researchers use to judge the quality of research. For teachers, important factors include an ethos of localized learning, a shortage of time, and the primacy of local context. Researchers…

Miller, Shazia Rafiullah; Drill, Karen; Behrstock, Ellen

2010-01-01

326

Teachers' and Preservice Teachers' Professional Goals and Motivation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Expectancy-valence models are used most in the field of motivational psychology. However, teachers' motivation had not been studied by these models and only limited research exists assessing the expectancy and the valence constructs. This study's aim was to examine preservice teachers' and practicing teachers' motivation by the expectancy-valence…

Jesus, Saul Neves de

327

mlg - emergency high risk works  

...Charges ...... 4 7.0 Specific Emergency Exemptions .... 4 8.0 Emergency Works in Response to Flood...works process; NIEA definition of Emergency Works is as follows: Emergency works are those where urgent...Is the Case a Genuine Emergency? A marine licence for emergency works will be issued to...

328

ChemTeacher: Dalton's Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Dalton's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Dalton's Law.

2011-01-01

329

ChemTeacher: Boyle's Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Boyle's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Boyle's Law.

2011-01-01

330

ChemTeacher: Combination Reactions  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Combination Reactions page includes resources for teaching students about identifying and predicting combination reactions.

2011-01-01

331

ChemTeacher: Ionization Energy  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Ionization Energy page includes resources for teaching students about trends in ionization energy.

2011-01-01

332

Teachers' Domain: Banana Hammer  

Science.gov (United States)

This 3-minute video demonstrates simple physical change as a banana is frozen in liquid nitrogen and used to hammer a nail into a piece of wood. Resource also includes teacher's guide, assessment, and background information. Editor's Note: Physical changes in matter are reversible and can include changes in color, shape, size, texture and state of matter. This video is part of "Lessons in Matter and Energy" by WOSU Public Media. See related materials for a link to the full collection, also available as a podcast. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-06-23

333

Teachers' Domain: Breathing Blue  

Science.gov (United States)

This 3-minute video demonstrates chemical reaction as a presenter exhales into "bromothymol blue", a chemical indicator for acids and bases. His breath releases carbon dioxide, which acidifies the solution and changes it from a bright blue color to yellow-green. Resource also includes teacher's guide and assessment. Editor's Note: In a chemical reaction, properties of the original substances change as new substances with different properties are formed. The molecular structure of the substances is altered irreversibly. This video is part of "Lessons in Matter and Energy" by WOSU Public Media. See related materials for a link to the full collection, also available for iTunes viewing. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-06-23

334

Grammatical competence of ESL teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this article is to report on a study investigating the grammatical competence of English Second Language teachers in secondary schools.  This study came about as a result of the widespread concern that these teachers may not always be competent enough in English. We determined the teachers’ familiarity with standard English grammar as well as their acceptance of Black South African English features. The findings indicate that teachers had problems with the gra...

Mafisa, Palesa J.; Walt, Johann L.

2011-01-01

335

Revisiting Foreign Language Teacher Beliefs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This state of the art paper revisits foreign language teacher beliefs. The first part of the paper reviews some factors that have an impact on foreign/second language (L2) teachers' beliefs. The second part outlines some characteristics of teacher beliefs by providing examples from a range of research studies conducted in the field. In the final part, the paper attempts to illuminate the complex nature of L2 teacher beliefs and belief formation processes by addressing Moscovici's social repre...

Gabillon, Zehra

2012-01-01

336

Teacher of primary English  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2003 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply see http://enpferney.org/staff_vacancies.htm English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire (http://enpferney.org/)

2003-01-01

337

TEACHER OF ENGLISH NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before 8 July. English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire.

2002-01-01

338

Emergency Percutaneous Nephrostomy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The primary indication for the urgent percutaneous nephrostomy is to relieve an obstructed and infected renal collecting system (pyonephrosis). Percutaneous nephrostomy catheter placement is a safe procedure with a high technical success rate. This article will discuss all aspects regarding the emergent placement of nephrostomy catheters, including the indications, techniques, results, and complications. Differences between emergent and nonemergent placement of percutaneous nephrostomy cathet...

Regalado, Sidney P.

2006-01-01

339

Emerging Organizational Structures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of emerging higher educational organizational structures focuses on the increasing importance of distance education. Considers the emerging organizational landscape, three types of network organizations, six organization archetypes, organizational forms that support distance education, and implications for higher education planners. (DB)

Carchidi, Daniel M.; Peterson, Marvin W.

2000-01-01

340

Emergency presurgical visit  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective has been to create a Protocol of Structured Presurgical Visit applicable to the patients who are undergoing an emergency surgery, to provide the user and his family all the necessary cares on the basis of those nursing diagnosis that prevail in all the cases of surgical emergency interventions. The used method has been an analysis of the emergency surgical interventions more prevalent from February 2007 until October 2008 in our area (a regional hospital, and statistic of those nursing diagnosis that more frequently appeared in these interventions, the previous moment to the intervention and in addition common to all of them. The results were the following ones: the more frequent emergency operations were: Caesarean, ginecological curettage, laparotomy, help in risk childbirth, orthopaedic surgery and appendectomy. The more frequent nursing diagnosis in all the emergency operations at the previous moment of the intervention were: risk of falls, pain, anxiety, deficit of knowledge, risk of infection, movement stress syndrome, risk of hemorrhage, cutaneous integrity deterioration. The conclusion is that users present at the previous moment to an emergency operation several problems, which force to the emergency surgical ward nurse to the introduction of the nursing methodology, in order to identify the problems, to mark results and to indicate the interventions to achieve those results, besides in a humanitarian way and with quality. This can be obtained by performing a Structured Emergency Presurgical Visit.

Alfredo Castro Díaz

2009-07-01

 
 
 
 
341

National nuclear emergency organisation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Experience in handling radiation incidents have been gained since the first import of radioisotopes into South Africa in 1948, and considerably extended since the operation of SAFARI-1 in 1965. The AEB emergency organisation at Pelindaba has been established and also makes provision for a National Nuclear Emergency Team, which has already served during the visits of nuclear ships

1980-01-01

342

Emergency exercise scenario tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear power plant emergency exercises require a realistically presented accident situation which includes various aspects: plant process, radioactivity, radiation, weather and people. Experiences from nuclear power plant emergency exercises show that preparing accident scenarios even for relatively short exercises is tedious. In the future modern computer technology and past experience could be used for making exercise planning more effective. (au)

1998-01-01

343

Workers' Compensation and Teacher Stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the Workers' Compensation system and teacher stress to determine if a burned-out teacher should be eligible for Workers' Compensation benefits. Concludes that although most states do not allow Workers' Compensation benefits to burned-out teachers, compensation should be granted because the injuries are real and work-related. (Contains 48…

Nisbet, Michael K.

1999-01-01

344

Teacher-Assessment and Equity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a critique of teachers' assessment practices from a social justice standpoint. It is based on two studies of different aspects of the established system of teacher assessment in the United Kingdom. Each study found that teachers' own perspectives, resources, and interpretations led to the construction of views of students'…

Watson, Anne; Morgan, Candia

345

Developing Teachers as Learning Doctors  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how workshop sessions have attempted to help teachers from one curriculum area develop their diagnostic skills to use in assessment for learning. The approach uses the metaphor of the teacher-as-learning-doctor to encourage teachers to think about the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of learning "bugs". The workshop…

Taber, Keith

2005-01-01

346

Teachers' Views on Educational Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Exploring teachers' attitudes toward educational research has been an important subject for researchers. This study aimed to determine teachers' views on educational research. A three-part survey questionnaire, the first part of which consists of demographic questions, the second part of which consists of statements aiming to determine teachers'…

Beycioglu, Kadir; Ozer, Niyazi; Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2010-01-01

347

Inservice Development of Reading Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reading teachers need to have ample opportunities to experience professional growth. Teachers first need to experience excellent role models in reading instruction. Modeling new curriculum provides teachers opportunities to observe, reflect upon, and ask questions about proposed methods. Literature on new programs should also be passed out to…

Ediger, Marlow

348

Teachers' Perceptions of Alternate Assessments  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' perceptions of alternate assessments. A total of 983 teachers from five states participated in this study. The results suggest that teachers tended to agree that their students should be included in school accountability, but they did not agree with most items assessing the educational benefits of…

Flowers, Claudia; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Browder, Diane; Spooner, Fred

2005-01-01

349

Helping Teachers Teach Plasma Physics  

Science.gov (United States)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's E/O program in Fusion Science and Plasma Physics now includes both `pre-service' as well as `in-service' high school science teacher professional development activities. Teachers are instructed and mentored by `master teachers' and LLNL plasma researchers working in concert. The Fusion/Plasma E/O program exploits a unique science education partnership that exists between LLNL's Science Education Program and the UC Davis Edward Teller Education Center. For `in-service' teachers, the Fusion & Astrophysics Teacher Research Academy (TRA) has four levels of workshops that are designed to give in-service high school science teachers experience in promoting and conducting research, most notably in the filed of plasma spectroscopy. Participating teachers in all four TRA levels may earn up to ten units of graduate credit from Cal-State University East Bay, and may apply these units toward a Masters of Science in Education. For `pre-service' teachers, the Science Teacher and Researcher (STAR) program, as a partnership with the California State University System, includes attracting undergraduate science majors to teaching careers by allowing them to pursue professional identities as both a research scientist as well as a science teacher. Participating `pre-service' STAR students are provided research internships at LLNL and work closely with the `in-service' TRA teachers. Results from the continuum `pre-service' to `in-service' science teacher professional development programs will be presented.

Correll, Donald

2008-11-01

350

How Principals Formally Evaluate Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of a high school teacher by his principal in Alberta, Canada, was examined by analyzing the conversations that occurred between the researcher, the principal, and the teacher he was evaluating. The analysis reveals much about why the principal undertook teacher evaluations, and what counts as evidence for good or poor practice.…

Oppenheim, Claude

351

Perceived Problems of Beginning Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies from different countries on perceived problems of beginning teachers are reviewed. Issues discussed include: reality shock; behavior and attitude change; situational and individual differences; principals' views; job satisfaction; teacher education; and inservice support. Three frameworks of teacher development are presented which provide…

Veenman, Simon

1984-01-01

352

Teachers' Perceptions of Merit Pay  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study is to show the various perceptions teachers have on merit pay. This research was designed to examine the perceptions and attitudes of teachers towards the idea of performance based pay. This topic has been an ongoing battle within school systems since the 1800s. The participants in this study were teachers from the state…

Jackson, Vanessa; Langheinrich, Cornelia; Loth, Dan

2012-01-01

353

Merit Pay: Good for Teachers?  

Science.gov (United States)

When asked to share her thoughts about merit-pay for teachers, one second-grade teacher said that it is a touchy subject. Other teachers, however, have a different take on the increasingly talked-about alternative pay systems. Whatever their viewpoint, merit-pay is an issue to watch. More and more districts are considering it and it could mean new…

Drevitch, Gary

2006-01-01

354

Teacher Leaders Advancing Mathematics Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

In this 8-page teacher leadership article four teachers provide insight into their roles as teacher leaders in the mathematics classroom. They discuss the leadership cohort that helped them grow as leaders and present descriptions of ways in which they have benefited their schools.

Kinzer, Cathy J.; Rincon, Mari; Ward, Jana; Rincon, Ricardo; Gomez, Lesli

2014-02-01

355

Teachers' Reactions to Children's Aggression  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on social schema theory (Fiske & Taylor, 1991) and social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979), this study examined the impact on teachers' reactions to children's aggression of three variables, two of which were related to the aggressors and one was related to the teachers. Experienced female elementary school teachers (N=90) each read…

Nesdale, Drew; Pickering, Kaye

2006-01-01

356

I Am Your Child's Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author provides a job description of teacher-librarians. In this information age, teacher-librarians make sure that children grow up and thrive in a world that requires not just knowledge, but the ability to tap into vast collections of information. Teacher-librarians also teach what is called information literacy. This…

Ewers, Sharon

2007-01-01

357

Quantization of Emergent Gravity  

CERN Multimedia

Emergent gravity is based on a novel form of the equivalence principle known as the Darboux theorem or the Moser lemma in symplectic geometry stating that the electromagnetic force can always be eliminated by a local coordinate transformation as far as spacetime admits a symplectic structure, in other words, a microscopic spacetime becomes noncommutative (NC). If gravity emerges from U(1) gauge theory on NC spacetime, this picture of emergent gravity suggests a completely new quantization scheme where quantum gravity is defined by quantizing spacetime itself, leading to a dynamical NC spacetime. Therefore the quantization of emergent gravity is radically different from the conventional approach trying to quantize a phase space of metric fields. This approach for quantum gravity allows a background independent formulation where spacetime as well as matter fields is equally emergent from a universal vacuum of quantum gravity.

Yang, Hyun Seok

2013-01-01

358

Emergency communications via satellite  

Science.gov (United States)

Winter (1982) has provided a description of a new generation of small satellite communications ground stations which are suited to transportable, emergency, and disaster response applications. These ground stations are currently in service using the Telesat Canada 6/4 GHz Anik satellites. It has been found that the considered small ground stations are excellent for emergency follow-up applications. However, more portable terminals are needed for emergency alerting applications. The present investigation is concerned with those types of satellite systems which may be better suited to the full requirements of emergency communications. Emergency communication requirements are examined, and a review of satellite systems is presented, taking into account Inmarsat, Marisat, Marecs, Msat, Fleet Satellite Communications, the Anik C 14/12 GHz satellite, and the Sarsat/Cospas system.

Winter, A. E.

1983-10-01

359

Emergency core cooling equipment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Object: To permit a nuclear reactor for researches to be protected by cooling at the time of emergency stop of the reactor by so arranging as to cause pool water to fall by the gravity with operation of a damp valve and an emergency cut-off valve caused at the time of stoppage of total power source for cooling. Structure: A damp tank system, with permits emergency cooling without changing the direction of cooling water and with the action of gravity by an emergency cut-off valve provided with a damp valve constructed as three-way valve system with a combination of a damp valve and an emergency cut-off valve and is also provided with a damp tank having a buffle member for ensuring the quantity of cooling water corresponding to the quantity of disintegration. (Kamimura, M.)

1975-01-01

360

Influences of Teacher Preparation Program on Preservice Science Teachers’ Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher preparation program is routinely make decisions regarding the best pedagogical methods from field experience studies, it can alter students’ understandings about academic content and some characteristics through professional practices. This study tries to investigate the extent to which individuals learning to be teachers feel what preservice teachers are capable of performing the pedagogical practices. Sixty seven preservice science teachers were described the influences of teacher preparation. Results indicated that preservice teachers enrolled in professional experiences courses perceived themselves as less capable of performing persuasive pedagogical practices than more generally accepted practices. In addition, preservice teachers perceived they were more capable of altering students’ knowledge about content than at modifying their beliefs about content. Implications for research and practice are forwarded.

Prasart Nuangchalerm

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Unforgettable Lesson: Emergency in Emergency Room  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main objective of this investigation was to observe difficulties and problems encountered by a pregnant woman during emergency in order to find amicable solutions in such cases. It was noticed that spontaneous liver rupture is a rare and life-threatening condition. It is usually associated with pregnancy, although it can occur with other liver pathology and, very rarely, in isolation. It is difficult to diagnose and suggest numerous treatment options under this condition which could add t...

Khalida Hamad Adiya Al-Othebi; Abd-ur-Haman Al-Shwirikh; Shazia Aslam

2012-01-01

362

Pasteur: Student and Teacher.  

Science.gov (United States)

Louis Pasteur's career as a scientist and as a teacher of science is traced. The discovery of his ability and interest, his choice of teaching as a profession, the controversy over teaching versus research, and his methods of teaching science are included. (MNS)

Moseley, Nicholas

1983-01-01

363

Teachers Reading Aloud  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating research-based expectations and education strategies for all teachers to implement consistently are the beginning steps in giving all students access to standards-based curriculum and in creating readers, writers, and content learners. Reading aloud is one research-based practice that enhances achievement for all students, whether they…

McQuillan, Kristin

2009-01-01

364

Teacher, where Are You?  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, much has been made of the increase in student absenteeism. However, an issue that has not received as much attention, but one that is equally critical to childhood education, is that of teacher absenteeism. It is important to note that schools are not only centers of learning, but also institutions that provide continuity for…

Whitehead, Diane P.

2009-01-01

365

A Teacher's Creed  

Science.gov (United States)

Education is an amazingly rewarding career, and the author cannot imagine doing anything else. He stresses that being able to influence so many lives is a reward beyond compare. Teachers can make a profound difference in the future of this nation and the world, and they should respect what an exalted and exhilarating honor that is. They are…

Niece, Rick D.

2010-01-01

366

The Language Teacher, 2001.  

Science.gov (United States)

These issues of "The Language Teacher" examine second language learning issues in Japan, focusing on such topics as the following: language educators and labor law; using videofeedback to nurture self-monitoring skills; learning diaries in learner training; English for special learners; developing listening subskills with trivia; attitude and…

Swanson, Malcolm, Ed.; Long, Robert, Ed.

367

Media Objectives for Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this book is to provide a compendium of instructional objectives concerning instructional media and materials. It is useful for either teacher training programs or college level media courses. Each objective is stated behaviorally, such as "list the important features of a tape recorder." Objectives are arranged by medium. The media…

Arrasjid, Harun, Ed.; Arrasjid, Dorine, Ed.

368

Environment: Readings for Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty-six articles or extracts from scholarly literature and one article written for this collection are contained in this anthology intended for teachers. The articles present the viewpoints of writers in a number of scientific and sociological fields concerning human interactions with their environment. Articles are arranged in the following…

Ivany, J. W. George, Ed.

369

William Brickman, Master Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author shares her encounter and relationship with William Brickman as her master teacher. William Brickman was her professor, her dissertation advisor, her mentor, and her friend. Her pursuit of a Ph.D. in late middle age may have seemed strange to friends, family, and some of her professors, but not to Brickman. She enrolled…

Swing, Elizabeth Sherman

2010-01-01

370

Reforming Teacher Pay  

Science.gov (United States)

A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

2010-01-01

371

Sustainable Workplaces, Retainable Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The sense of calling that compels educators to persist through difficult times and cope with stressful situations, also puts educators at risk for burning out. In order to fight potential burnout, both schools and individual teachers must attend to the issue. Schools must develop themselves as supportive work environments and educators must be…

Eklund, Nathan

2009-01-01

372

Space Flight. Teacher Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's guide contains information, lesson plans, and diverse student learning activities focusing on space flight. The guide is divided into seven sections: (1) "Drawing Activities" (Future Flight; Space Fun; Mission: Draw); (2) "Geography" (Space Places); (3) "History" (Space and Time); (4) "Information" (Space Transportation System;…

2001

373

Recruiting Teachers in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about a system of special schools in Colombia which introduces students to teaching careers as early as the 8th grade. The Colombian system is based on a simple idea: Every student is a potential teacher. Principals talk about molding "ciudadano-pedagogos"--citizen-educators who view teaching as a way of…

Blair, Robert

2009-01-01

374

Counseling Talented Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of counseling needs of gifted learners reviews the literature on affective and self-concept issues and discusses strategies for addressing students' psychosocial, academic counseling, and career counseling needs. Counselor, parent, and teacher roles are addressed. Tables link student characteristics to counseling approaches, counseling…

VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

1997-01-01

375

Teachers as Literacy Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors make the case that literacy leadership is not a quality restricted to specialists with extra certifications. Instead, literacy leadership qualities are within the grasp of every conscientious classroom teacher who is willing to take advantage of opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Turner, Jennifer D.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty; Applegate, Anthony J.

2009-01-01

376

Understanding Math - Teachers Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

The teacher's guide for the remedial text-workbook "Understanding Math" discusses instruction of the deaf student. An answer key for workbooks 1 and 2, a section with masters for transparencies to be used for games and activities and for teaching fractions, and two patterns for making geometric solids are included in the guide. For workbooks 1 and…

Wyks, Hollis W.; Austin, Robert J.

377

Maintaining High Teacher Morale  

Science.gov (United States)

In public education's current environment of high-stakes testing and accountability, principals are constantly engaged in an effort to balance messages to their teachers to achieve ever-higher levels of student learning with appreciation for what they do. As a result, it is not surprising that staff morale is an issue in some schools. The…

Protheroe, Nancy

2006-01-01

378

Air Pollution, Teachers' Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on air pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of air pollution and involves students in processes of…

Lavaroni, Charles W.; O'Donnell, Patrick A.

379

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF ENGLISH TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of a teacher cannot be replaced by textbooks, through moralizing or by a set of punishments and encouragements. The example set by a teacher and the influence of their personality are irreplaceable. A teacher’s work often has a far reaching, long term and suggestive impact on the development of a pupil’s personality, their behaviour and feelings. In our paper we try to describe some of the personality traits of English teachers in primary education in selected schools in the Czech Republic with the use of standardized psychological tests (quantitative method and personal interview (qualitative method.

LENKA HRUŠKOVÁ

2013-01-01

380

Job Satisfaction and Occupational Stress among Primary School Teachers and School Principals in Ireland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Internationally, a considerable amount of literature has emerged on the factors influencing job satisfaction and occupational stress among school teachers. However, there is a paucity of recent, comprehensive empirical research in this area in the context of Irish primary schools. In view of ongoing changes in schools and curricula as well as the working conditions of teachers, identifying factors influencing job satisfaction and occupational stress is timely as the abili...

Darmody, Merike; Smyth, Emer

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Continuing Professional Development: Science Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate science teachers' views of continuing professional development (CPD) provision in Saudi Arabia and science teachers' perspectives of the CPD contextual issues that have an impact on putting the learning emerging from the CPD programmes into practice. The study used mixed methods (open-ended questionnaires and interviews) with Saudi Arabian science teachers framed by a socio-cultural perspective. This study argues that science teachers' voices concerning their professional development needs should be the key guide for their CPD. Our study shows the significance of engaging critically with science teachers' voices and views of their CPD programme. One of the unique findings of this study indicated CPD programmes should take place at school where teachers have the opportunity to collaborate with others in an authentic context and where they can participate in the content of the CPD that directly meets their needs within their work context. The study has shown that science teacher development can be effective and successful when science teachers are able to talk with each other as part of the learning activities of the CPD programmes about what they are doing in the classroom, and how they can implement the ideas of the CPD programmes into their classroom and school settings. This might shed light on why teachers were either able or unable to put some aspects of their CPD learning into practice.

Mansour, Nasser; EL-Deghaidy, Heba; Alshamrani, Saeed; Aldahmash, Abdulwali

2014-04-01

382

Acute oncological emergencies.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The number of people receiving systemic anti-cancer treatment and presenting at emergency departments with treatment-related problems is rising. Nurses will be the first point of contact for most patients and need to be able to recognise oncological emergencies to initiate urgent assessment of patients and referral to the acute oncology team so that the most appropriate care can be delivered promptly. This article discusses the role of acute oncology services, and provides an overview of the most common acute oncological emergencies.

Gabriel, J

2012-01-01

383

Medical emergencies in Goa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Most emergencies in Goa arise due to road traffic accidents and drowning, which have been compounded by the rise in number of recorded accidents in 2007 to be above 4000. It is believed that 11 people meet with an accident on Goa?s roads every day and this is expected to rise by 10% by next year. Similar is the case with drownings and other medical emergencies. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional survey of medical emergencies and identify various ...

Saddichha Sahoo; Saxena Mukul

2010-01-01

384

From Reflective Practice to Practical Wisdom: Toward a Post-Foundational Teacher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The authors situate this paper within ongoing debates in related areas such as reflective practice, critical pedagogy, practical wisdom and critical theory. First, the authors identify some of the problems in the present notions of reflective teaching and progressive teacher education. They analyze and compare the traditional-technical and interpretive literature on teaching and teacher education. None of these conceptions deal with teaching and teacher education in a reflexive way. Some problems the authors identify are located in the history of the concept “reflective teaching” and its interpretive underpinnings. Others emerge from particular applications within teacher education itself. The authors’ critique challenges the prevalent conceptions of interpretive reflective teaching, and proceeds to offer a critical framework for further reconstruction of the theory and practice of reflective teaching. The final section offers an alternative conceptualization of teaching and teacher education as a post-foundational and moral-political philosophy.

Mustafa Yunus Eryaman

2007-02-01

385

WEIGHTING OF STUDENTS’ PREFERENCES OF TEACHER’S COMPETENCIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS. The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that varied in the proportion of including the subjective and objective judgement. Commonly diffused method is the Analytic Hierarchy or Network Process by prof. Saaty (AHP or ANP. Because it is not possible to see or to evaluate teacher’s competencies in complexity, we proposed the questionnaires for pairwise comparisons of various teacher’s managerial characteristics and competencies. These answers are then analysed using the AHP method. The AHP is a method deriving global weights from partial weights received as result of pairwise comparisons.

BROŽOVÁ, Helena

2011-12-01

386

The Nature of Recognition in TEFL Teachers’ Lives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article aims at sharing a vital issue that emerged from the findings of a qualitative research study into collective responses of teachers of English as a foreign language to an extended change process in their Mexican university context from 1989 to 2003. The data generation process employed was comprised of semi-structured interviews as well as the concurrent analysis of the data, based on aspects of grounded theory. The results of this inquiry demonstrated features of the com...

Scholes Gillings de González Barbara

2011-01-01

387

Recognizing medical emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... there has been or may have been a neck injury. Upon arriving at an emergency room, the person ... further injury (for example, in case of a neck injury or motor vehicle accident) The person needs the ...

388

Costs of Emergency Care  

Science.gov (United States)

... 24 hours a day and provide “one-stop shopping” with all the hospital’s resources – such as diagnostic ... cost of isolated patient visits and not the value of the emergency medical system as a whole. ...

389

Emerging and reemerging pathogens.  

Science.gov (United States)

From 1973 to 1995, 29 new and reemerging pathogenic microbes were recognized. However, in discussions about emerging infectious diseases, the focus is often on the clinical effects of the host-parasite relationship, rather than the examination of the biology of the pathogen. Many of what we refer to as emerging diseases are characterized better as 'diseases of human progress'. Thus, the aerosolization of water has played an important role in the emergence of Legionella pneumophila infections. New diseases are superimposed on endemic diseases such as diarrhoeal diseases, malaria and tuberculosis. In addition, many pathogens are becoming increasingly resistant to standard antimicrobial drugs, making treatment difficult and in some cases impossible. We summarize our experience on emerging parasitic diseases (primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, respiratory cryptosporidiosis, and diplogonoporiasis), and selected problems of bacterial resistance (MDR tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis and macrolide-resistance mechanisms of Streptococcus pneumoniae and S. pyogenes). PMID:11091058

Gomez-Lus, R; Clavel, A; Castillo, J; Seral, C; Rubio, C

2000-11-01

390

Clustering of Emerging Flux  

Science.gov (United States)

Observations show that newly emerging flux tends to appear on the Solar surface at sites where there is flux already. This results in clustering of solar activity. Standard dynamo theories do not predict this effect.

Ruzmaikin, A.

1997-01-01

391

Reduction, Emergence and Renormalization  

CERN Document Server

In previous work, I described several examples combining reduction and emergence: where reduction is understood a la Ernest Nagel, and emergence is understood as behaviour or properties that are novel (by some salient standard). Here, my aim is again to reconcile reduction and emergence, for a case which is apparently more problematic than those I treated before: renormalization. Renormalization is a vast subject. So I confine myself to emphasizing how the modern approach to renormalization (initiated by Wilson and others between 1965 and 1975), when applied to quantum field theories, illustrates both Nagelian reduction and emergence. My main point is that the modern understanding of how renormalizability is a generic feature of quantum field theories at accessible energies gives us a conceptually unified family of Nagelian reductions. That is worth saying since philosophers tend to think of scientific explanation as only explaining an individual event, or perhaps a single law, or at most deducing one theory ...

Butterfield, Jeremy

2014-01-01

392

Neonatal dermatological emergencies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The neonates are unique in several ways in comparison with older children and adults which render them highly susceptible to severe, sometimes life threatening dermatological disorders. The neonatal dermatological emergencies are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A wide range of dermatoses such as infections, genodermatoses, metabolic disorders and vascular tumors may require emergency care. The clinical presentation also varies from generalized involvement of skin to localized disease with or without systemic symptoms. Irrespective of the etiology and clinical presentation, these disorders are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the availability of effective drugs and monitoring facilities, and awareness of need for immediate care, there has been a significant decline in the fatality rate associated with neonatal dermatological emergencies. Knowledge of clinical presentations, rapid diagnostic methods, emergency care and monitoring of progress of the disease helps in comprehensive multidisciplinary care of neonates with these disorders.

Ragunatha S

2010-01-01

393

Winter Weather Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

Severe winter weather can lead to health and safety challenges. You may have to cope with Cold related health ... Although there are no guarantees of safety during winter weather emergencies, you can take actions to protect ...

394

Volunteering for Emergency Preparedness.  

Science.gov (United States)

This nation-wide quantitative telephone survey predicts levels of voluntary activity for emergency and disaster preparedness. The study involved a random national phone sample of 1,595 respondents in the 48 contiguous states. Actual voluntary activity per...

J. Nehnevajsa

1989-01-01

395

Emergency management at sea  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the past years, all kind of activities in the field of emergency management have been taken in order to handle accidents. In the scope of this paper, emergencies are those accidents that may lead to severe releases of oil and gas, whereby also attention is paid to collisions between offshore installations and drifting objects and the situation where people fall overboard. Case histories show that coping with these serious accidents is not always as effective and successful as intended. The stage from being aware of the risks, to being prepared to cope with the consequences, to actually being capable to combat is long and consists of many elements. This paper will deal with the general approach of emergency management, the development of automated tools for decision support on emergencies as well as some fate and effect models

1992-06-01

396

Emergent Universe by Tunneling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this work we propose an alternative scheme for an Emergent Universe scenario where the universe is initially in a static state supported by a scalar field located in a false vacuum. The universe begins to evolve when, by quantum tunneling, the scalar field decays into a state of true vacuum. The Emergent Universe models are interesting since they provide specific examples of nonsingular inflationary universes.

Labrana, Pedro

2011-01-01

397

Human behavior in emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Studies were carried out at ORNL to attempt to predict the human response to emergency situations, such as earthquakes and chemical or nuclear disasters. The study includes a literature review, survey of people who have been evacuated, development of a simulation model, survey of US communities, research to support evacuation planning, analysis of variability among organizations, and assessment of flood warning system in Wyoming. Suggestions are given for improving emergency preparedness.

Sorensen, J.H.

1990-01-01

398

Emergence of Life  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Indeed, even if we know that many individual components are necessary for life to exist, we do not yet know what makes life emerge. One goal of this journal Life is to juxtapose articles with multidisciplinary approaches and perhaps to answer in the near future this question of the emergence of life. Different subjects and themes will be developed, starting of course with the multiple definitions of life and continuing with others such as: life diversity and universality; characteristics of ...

Marie-Paule Bassez

2011-01-01

399

Emergency Communications Console  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA has applied its communications equipment expertise to development of a communications console that provides, in a compact package only slightly larger than an electric typewriter, all the emergency medical services communications functions needed for a regional hospital. A prototype unit, built by Johnson Space Center, has been installed in the Odessa (Texas) Medical Center Hospital. The hospital is the medical control center for the 17-county Permian Basin Emergency Medical System in west Texas. The console project originated in response to a request to NASA from the Texas governor's office, which sought a better way of providing emergency medical care in rural areas. Because ambulance travel time is frequently long in remote areas of west Texas, it is important that treatment begin at the scene of the emergency rather than at the hospital emergency room. A radio and telephone system linking ambulance emergency technicians and hospital staff makes this possible. But earlier equipment was complex, requiring specialized operators. A highly reliable system was needed to minimize breakdowns and provide controls of utmost simplicity, so that the system could be operated by physicians and nurses rather than by communications specialists. The resulting console has both radio and telephone sections. With the radio equipment, hospital personnel can communicate with ambulance drivers and paramedics, receive incoming electrocardiagrams, consult with other hospitals, page hospital staff and set up a radio-to-telephone "patch." The telephone portion of the system includes a hotline from the Permian Basin Emergency Medical Service's resource control center, an automatic dialer for contacting special care facilities in the Permian Basin network, a hospital intercom terminal and a means of relaying cardioscope displays and other data between hospitals. The integrated system also provides links with local disaster and civil defense organizations and with emergency "Dial 911" control points.

1978-01-01

400

Mechanisms of viral emergence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A number of virologic and environmental factors are involved in the emergence and re-emergence of viral disease. Viruses do not conservatively occupy a single and permanent ecological niche. Rather, due to their intrinsic capacity for genetic change, and to the evolvability of fitness levels, viruses display a potential to parasitize alternative host species. Mutation, recombination and genome segment reassortment, and combination of these molecular events, produce complex and phenotypically ...

Domingo, Esteban

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Neonatal dermatological emergencies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The neonates are unique in several ways in comparison with older children and adults which render them highly susceptible to severe, sometimes life threatening dermatological disorders. The neonatal dermatological emergencies are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A wide range of dermatoses such as infections, genodermatoses, metabolic disorders and vascular tumors may require emergency care. The clinical presentation also varies from generalized involvement of skin to localized disease ...

Ragunatha S; Inamadar Arun

2010-01-01

402

Emergency Management of Diverticulitis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The most common indications for emergency operative intervention in the treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis are peritonitis and failure of medical therapy. Primary resection and diversion (Hartmann's procedure) followed by delayed colostomy closure is the current standard of emergency surgical care. Guidelines for best operative strategy, however, remain controversial and continue to evolve based on recent comparative reviews of surgical outcomes. Primary resection and anastomosis with or wit...

Bauer, Valerie P.

2009-01-01

403

Emergence of memory  

CERN Document Server

We propose a new self-organizing mechanism behind the emergence of memory in which temporal sequences of stimuli are transformed into spatial activity patterns. In particular, the memory emerges despite the absence of temporal correlations in the stimuli. This suggests that neural systems may prepare a spatial structure for processing information before the information itself is available. A simple model illustrating the mechanism is presented based on three principles: (1) Competition between neural units, 2) Hebbian plasticity, and (3) recurrent connections.

Klemm, K; Klemm, Konstantin; Alstrom, Preben

2002-01-01

404

Acute Arterial Emergencies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The response of the primary care physician in the initial assessment and management of acute arterial injuries will often be the deciding factor in survival of life, limb or organ system. Most arterial emergencies occur as a result of trauma, disruption of vessel wall and/or occlusion of flow. The common clinical syndromes of acute arterial emergencies are injuries to and beyond the aorta, acute aortic dissection, ruptured aortic aneurysm, and thromboembolic occlusive arterial disease. The ro...

Dagnone, L. E.; Brown, P. M.

1983-01-01

405

Science Teacher Quality and Effectiveness: Gweru Urban Junior Secondary School Students’ Points of View  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions among junior secondary science students from Gweru Urban secondary schools in Zimbabwe towards science teachers' teaching quality and effectiveness. This qualitative study approached and interviewed Form 2 students from 10 different schools in Gweru urban. The results show that three key dimensions of science teacher quality and effectiveness emerged: teacher's scientific knowledge, teacher’s pedagogical skills and teacher's social competence. Findings suggest that the teachers can promote and enhance teaching effectiveness by applying a positive student approach, understanding students’ learning difficulties, acknowledging the individual student, being someone the students can trust, being able to organise and teach in interesting and flexible ways, using good teaching methods, their ability to plan and structure the content and the use of practical investigative science in the classroom. Student perspectives, however, retain a humanistic vision of teaching and learning. Students want teachers who care and respect them, who help them learn and make learning interesting and fun. This study adds value by unveiling the key antecedents and predictors of students perceptions thus confirm previous findings that teacher quality is an important educational issue. It is apparent from this study that quality teachers must embrace the vision of caring for students and their learning.The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. Secondary school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student.

Mandina Shadreck

2012-06-01

406

Emergency core cooling system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To improve the reliability and the safety of water feeding and core cooling, as well as the feedwater controllability both in usual operation and in emergency case in a BWR type reactor by providing the emergency core cooling function and the automatic pressure reduction function for the feedwater system to a core coolant recycling path. Constitution: Upon loss of coolant accidents in the reactor, condensates in a condensator are supplied with no interruption to a water drum to cool the reactor core by opening an emergency feedwater switching valve and a water drum injection valve and driving pumps operated in the usual operation and in the emergency case by an independent power source mechanism. A recycling control valve and minimum flow control valve are operated depending on the scale of raptures in coolant pipeways. A warming unit pressure releaser is employed for suppressing the pressure of the steam drum and for heating the condensator. The reactor core can thus be cooled by a cooler at high reliability actuated both in the usual operation and in the emergency case with no requirement for additional provision of an emergency core cooling system. (Seki, T.)

1982-01-01

407

Accident and emergency management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increasing potential for severe accidents as the industrial development tends towards large, centralised production units. In several industries this has led to the formation of large organisations which are prepared for accidents fighting and for emergency management. The functioning of these organisations critically depends upon efficient decision making and exchange of information. This project is aimed at securing and possibly improving the functionality and efficiency of the accident and emergency management by verifying, demonstrating, and validating the possible use of advanced information technology in the organisations mentioned above. With the nuclear industry in focus the project consists of five main activities: 1) The study and detailed analysis of accident and emergency scenarios based on records from incidents and rills in nuclear installations. 2) Development of a conceptual understanding of accident and emergency management with emphasis on distributed decision making, information flow, and control structure sthat are involved. 3) Development of a general experimental methodology for evaluating the effects of different kinds of decision aids and forms of organisation for emergency management systems with distributed decision making. 4) Development and test of a prototype system for a limited part of an accident and emergency organisation to demonstrate the potential use of computer and communication systems, data-base and knowledge base technology, and applications of expert systems and methods used in artificial intelligence. 5) Production of guidelines for the introduction of advanced information technology in the organisations based on evaluation and validation of the prototype system. (author)

1988-01-01

408

Emergency reactor cooling device  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An emergency nuclear reactor cooling device comprises a water reservoir, emergency core cooling water pipelines having one end connected to a water feeding sparger, fire extinguishing facility pipelines, cooling water pressurizing pumps, a diesel driving machine for driving the pumps and a battery. In a water reservoir, cooling water is stored by an amount required for cooling the reactor upon emergency and for fire extinguishing, and fire extinguishing facility pipelines connecting the water reservoir and the fire extinguishing facility are in communication with the emergency core cooling water pipelines connected to the water feeding sparger by system connection pipelines. Pumps are operated by a diesel power generator to introduce cooling water from the reservoir to the emergency core cooling water pipelines. Then, even in a case where AC electric power source is entirely lost and the emergency core cooling system can not be used, the diesel driving machine is operated using an exclusive battery, thereby enabling to inject cooling water from the water reservoir to a reactor pressure vessel and a reactor container by the diesel drive pump. (N.H.)

1992-03-17

409

Using Remote Labs to Serve Different Teacher’s Needs - A Case Study with VISIR and RemotElectLab  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Remote Laboratories are an emergent technological and pedagogical tool at all education levels, and their widespread use is an important part of their own improvement and evolution. This paper describes several issues encountered on laboratorial classes, on higher education courses, when using remote laboratories based on PXI systems, either using the VISIR system or an alternate in-house solution. Three main issues are presented and explained, all reported by teachers that gave support to st...

Andre Vaz Fidalgo; Gustavo Ribeiro Alves; Maria Arcelina Marques; Maria Clara Viegas; Maria Cristina Costa-Lobo; Unai Hernandez; Javier Garcia-Zubia; Ingvar Gustavsson

2012-01-01

410

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to s...

2008-01-01

411

Teacher leadership and educational innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This national conference was arranged by the Ministry of Education to support the drive to modernize the education system as a whole. This paper is based on David Frost’s presentation which explored the links between a transformative view of education, the nature of innovation and the need to develop teacher leadership. It is argued that, in transformative education, learning centres on the cultivation of capacities and dispositions. These are exemplified and illustrated. Key concepts such as agency, meta-learning, self-regulation and their link to citizenship are explained. The distinction is drawn between implementation and innovation as a process which is both long and arduous. It is argued that such a process of innovation demands learning at all levels (students, teachers, the school, the system, but teacher leadership is where the most potential lies. Stories of teacher leadership are used to illustrate what can be achieved and claims are made as to the benefits of teacher leadership. It is claimed that teacher leadership can mobilise teachers’ capacity for leading change, improve quality in the system and build professional knowledge that teachers trust. The paper concludes by outlining the theory of teacher leadership promoted by the International Teacher Leadership project.

Frost David

2010-01-01

412

Teachers under examination: reflections on teacher assessment policies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the current proposals of teacher assessment in Brazil. Based on historical materialism, we analysed national and international documents aiming at identifying the goals of this sort of assessment, the justifications for its implementation and debates about its outcomes. We found convergences between the policies recommended by the multilateral agencies, especially by the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and those adopted in Brazil, which indicates the great interest and influence of multilateral organizations in the development of policies for teachers. The first reactions of teachers, researchers, teacher associations and training institutions, added to the experiences of other countries that have adopted teacher assessment policies earlier, help us to understand possible outcomes and implications of these policies for teachers as a class, their careers and unions.

Eneida Oto Shiroma

2011-06-01

413

Teaching as practice: Blending the intellectual and moral in pursuit of science teachers' practical knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to (a) explore and understand the intricacy of science teaching as a morally committed practice engaging teachers' practical knowledge; (b) explore science teacher practical knowledge by probing and understanding teachers' interpretations, commitments, and dialectic interactions between them; and (c) scrutinize science teachers' actions in terms of their interpretations and commitments as they go about realizing 'internal goods' of their practice and resolving dilemmas of everyday science teaching practice. Case studies of three physical science teachers in different socioeconomic contexts in Lebanon were conducted using ethnographic methods of indepth dialogues, observation, and artifact analysis. An interpretive approach to data analysis was adopted to ensure that the generated themes and assertions reflected participant teachers' interpretation and commitments. A commitment of preparing students for the official exams and doing well in them prevailed across the three contexts. This commitment originated from the teachers' interpretations of their duty as 'good' teachers who will not let students and the school down. In the public schools, teachers saw that students' passing the Brevet exams gains them a right of passage to a safe zone. In the private school, the teacher saw her duty to have student attain high grades in preparation for their future educational and career plans. Each teacher's case was described in terms of a teacher's standing commitments, associated interpretations, and manifestations in action. A characterization for each teacher's practice was offered in light of interactions between commitments, interpretations and actions. Characterizations that emerged included: a disciplining governess, role model with missionary tendencies, and good employee with a mission. The concept of gap-closing (between interpretations and commitments) was used to explain development of teachers' practical knowledge. Nature of gap closing and its forms are discussed in light of the case studies. A view of teachers' knowledge involving a practical moral dimension is discussed utilizing the concept of 'phronesis.' Phronetic knowledge is compared with other forms of teacher knowledge within major science education research traditions: Constructivism and sociocultural perspectives. Finally, implications of such a view of knowledge are presented as they pertain to professional development, teacher education, and research in science education.

Salloum, Sara Labib

414

Nanotechnology and Secondary Science Teacher's Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The recommendations of the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and the multi-agency National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) identified the need to prepare the workforce and specialists in the field of nanotechnology in order for the United States to continue to compete in the global marketplace. There is a lack of research reported in recent literature on the readiness of secondary science teachers to introduce higher level sciences---specifically nanotechnology---in their classes. The central research question of this study examined secondary science teachers' beliefs about teaching nanotechnology comfortably, effectively, and successfully. Bandura's self-efficacy theory provided the conceptual framework for this phenomenological study. A data analysis rubric was used to identify themes and patterns that emerged from detailed descriptions during in-depth interviews with 15 secondary science teachers. The analysis revealed the shared, lived experiences of teachers and their beliefs about their effectiveness and comfort in teaching higher-level sciences, specifically nanotechnology. The results of the study indicated that, with rare exceptions, secondary science teachers do not feel comfortable or effective, nor do they believe they have adequate training to teach nanotechnology concepts to their students. These teachers believed they were not prepared or trained in incorporating these higher level science concepts in the curriculum. Secondary science teachers' self-efficacy and personal beliefs of effectiveness in teaching nanotechnology can be an important component in achieving a positive social change by helping to familiarize high school students with nanotechnology and how it can benefit society and the future of science.

Cox, Elena K.

415

Teachers' Domain: Dust Explosion  

Science.gov (United States)

This video package illustrates the hazard of dust explosionsâspecifically, how a material that is not generally flammable suddenly becomes combustible when its surface area is increased. The featured chemical is lycopodium powder, which is not especially flammable in normal circumstances. But disperse it into the air, bring a flame close by and.....KABOOM. (Video may be viewed in slow motion.) Editor's Note: When a substance rapidly reacts with oxygen, energy is released in the form of heat and/or light. This type of exothermic reaction is known as combustion. This resource will be especially useful in helping students see that many factors can affect combustion: temperature, the concentration of the reactants, and surface area of the fuel. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-06-27

416

A Study Of Emotional Intelligence In Relation To Academic Achievement And Academic Stress Of Student-teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, Emotional intelligence is emerging as a critical factor for sustaining high achievement, retention, and positive behaviour as well as improving life success. The purpose of this study is to see the impact of emotional intelligence on academic achievement and academic stress of student-teachers. A total of 600 studentteachers (M=300 and F=300 of various colleges of education affiliated to University of Jammu, Jammu selected as a sample randomly for the purpose of classification in low and high emotional intelligent student-teachers. Finally 80 student-teachers (40 low and 40 high emotionally intelligent student-teachers were selected randomly. To test hypotheses t-test was used. Results of this study indicated significant differences between high and low emotional intelligent student teachers on academic achievement and academic stress in favour of high emotional intelligent student-teachers

Rakesh Bharti

2012-10-01

417

Radiological emergencies - planning and preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This information and training film in three parts deals with the technical background for emergency planning, emergency planning concepts and emergency preparedness. It describes the technical characteristics of radiological emergencies on which important emergency planning concepts are based and the purpose of those concepts. The film also demonstrates how emergency organizations must work together to ensure adequate preparedness. The programme reflects the standards, guidance and recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency

1985-01-01

418

Teacher Test Accountability.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given the high stakes of teacher testing, there is no doubt that every teacher test should meet the industry guidelines set forth in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Unfortunately, however, there is no public or private business or governmental agency that serves to certify or in any other formal way declare that any teacher test does, in fact, meet the psychometric recommendations stipulated in the Standards. Consequently, there are no legislated penalties for faulty products (tests nor are there opportunities for test takers simply to raise questions about a test and to have their questions taken seriously by an impartial panel. The purpose of this article is to highlight some of the psychometric results reported by National Evaluation Systems (NES in their 1999 Massachusetts Educator Certification Test (MECT Technical Report, and more specifically, to identify those technical characteristics of the MECT that are inconsistent with the Standards. A second purpose of this article is to call for the establishment of a standing test auditing organization with investigation and sanctioning power. The significance of the present analysis is twofold: a psychometric results for the MECT are similar in nature to psychometric results presented as evidence of test development flaws in an Alabama class-action lawsuit dealing with teacher certification (an NES-designed testing system; and b there was no impartial enforcement agency to whom complaints about the Alabama tests could be brought, other than the court, nor is there any such agency to whom complaints about the Massachusetts tests can be brought. I begin by reviewing NES's role in Allen v. Alabama State Board of Education, 81-697-N. Next I explain the purpose and interpretation of standard item analysis procedures and statistics. Finally, I present results taken directly from the 1999 MECT Technical Report and compare them to procedures, results, and consequences of procedures followed by NES in Alabama.

Larry H. Ludlow

2001-02-01

419

Teachers and Humanism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the large investigation in the labor universe, teachers give a good illustration for “Working to be happy” (Christian Baudelot, Michel Gollac, 2003. But the question is about the reasons: what are the anthropological needs that profession answer through its sociological organization? This article investigates the cohesion of the French teachers of all grades, from pre-school level to university, manifest in the last social movement, and which can be understood as an expression of values and educational background. As one of a number of social strategies, the quest for a certain standard of living may outline the main side of this professional choice: a humanist career resolution for women and men as well.At the first level, the study provides evidences of the public-private and republican-liberal cleavage, which against all expectations, actually cuts through the male-female divide. So, if we go back to the analyses of Alain Chenu and Nicolas Herpin (2006, we cannot make conclusions on behalf of this professional category, which has shown strong, compact or homogeneous resistance to the restructuring of the order of civic priorities between equality and freedom. However, the study finds in a second level, that the humanism of the majority of teachers is based on equality of the sexes, security and respect in their work, modest material needs and the importance of time for themselves and their families. This category has found that teaching offers the conditions in which they may uphold values founded on human rights. The cohesion of the French teachers can be understood as an expression against indivudual competition.

Sophie Devineau

2010-06-01

420

Media Literacy for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Help your students analyze the media and its messages by following the links below. What is media literacy? New Mexico Media Literacy Project s definition Kaiser Family Foundation: Key Facts Sheet (PDF) Lesson Plan Links Read Write Think Media Lesson Plan Links for Students PBS for Kids Don t Buy It! TV411 Finding Faulty Logic in Advertising Other Helpful Links University of Oregon Resources Web English Teacher (Links) ...

Southam, T.

2007-06-21

 
 
 
 
421

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Alaska  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

422

Teaching language teachers scaffolding professional learning  

CERN Document Server

Teaching Language Teachers: Scaffolding Professional Learning provides an updated view of as well as a reader-friendly introduction to the field of Teaching Teachers, with special reference to language teaching. By taking a decidedly Sociocultural perspective, the book addresses the main role of the Teacher of Teachers (ToT) as that of scaffolding the professional learning of aspiring teachers.

Maggioli, Gabriel Diaz

2012-01-01

423

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Nevada  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

424

Teacher Growth and Assessment Process Procedural Handbook  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher Growth and Assessment (TGA) is a comprehensive teacher evaluation system that includes structures for both accountability and professional growth, taking teacher evaluation to a new level. TGA provides the opportunity to use teacher evaluation data to plan professional development, involve teachers in self-assessment, and structure…

Howard, Barbara B.

2005-01-01

425

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Kansas  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

426

A Shortage of Science Teachers by 1982?  

Science.gov (United States)

The consequences of an aging teaching force in secondary school science during this decade are discussed. Statistics are provided for teacher production, teacher age distribution, declining enrollments in teacher education programs, and teacher demand. The major conclusion is that a science teacher shortage will occur in the next decade and that…

Hausman, Howard J.; Livermore, Arthur H.

427

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

428

Examining the Effects of New Teacher Induction  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this research is to explore comprehensively the effect of induction on new teachers. Through a mixed-method design, the authors examine both the inputs of induction (i.e., the types of support provided for new teachers, its content, and frequency) and a variety of outcomes (i.e., teacher efficacy, teacher-reported growth, teacher

Wechsler, Marjorie E.; Caspary, Kyra; Humphrey, Daniel C.; Matsko, Kavita Kapadia

2012-01-01

429

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Massachusetts  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

430

The Use of the European Portfolio for Student Teachers of Languages (EPOSTL) to Foster Teacher Autonomy: English Language Teaching (ELT) Student Teachers' and Teacher Trainers' Views  

Science.gov (United States)

It was the aim of this pilot study to investigate ELT student teachers' and teacher trainers' views on the use of the EPOSTL in pre-service language teacher education of a Turkish state university. Upon the implementation of the EPOSTL as a reflection tool for the second semester of 2010, 25 student teachers and 4 teacher trainers were interviewed…

Cakir, Abdulvahit; Balcikanli, Cem

2012-01-01

431

The Alienation of Special Education Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines alienation as a factor in special-education teachers' relatively high attrition rate. Comparisons of alienation levels among 180 special-education teachers and 395 general-education teachers suggest that special-education teachers experience significantly more alienation (isolation, normlessness, and powerlessness) than "regular" teachers

Shoho, Alan R.; Katims, David S.; Meza, Paul

1998-01-01

432

Making Teacher Work Samples "Work" for Accreditation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of a teacher education program is to develop preservice teachers into knowledgeable and skilled professionals who have a positive impact on student learning. Quality teaching produces student learning, thus the product of a quality teacher education program is a teacher candidate who has a positive effect on student learning. Teacher

Lorson, Kevin

2010-01-01

433

In-Service Teacher Training in Swaziland  

Science.gov (United States)

Swaziland's need for primary teachers is growing tremendously. Because the means for training qualified teachers is below what is needed, there are unqualified teachers in the field. In-service teacher training programs are being used to upgrade teacher quality because they are inexpensive, rapid, effective, and likely to attract bilateral or…

Nsibandze, M. J.; Green, Clifford

1978-01-01

434

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Idaho  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

435

Teacher’s views about supporting learner autonomy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Autonomy support provided by the teacher to students in the learning environment affects their intrinsic motivation and active participation in learning. For this reason, teachers to demonstrate autonomy supportive behaviors carry importance. This research aims to determine the primary and secondary school in-service teachers’ views of autonomy supportive behaviors. The teachers working in primary and secondary schools of Kütahya constitute the target population and 492 teachers were sampled from it for this study. Learner Autonomy Support Scale has been used as a data collection tool. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis techniques were used in the data analysis procedure. According to the findings, in general teachers perceive autonomy supporting behaviors necessary in the learning environment, yet, in their opinion these behaviors are being demonstrated most of the time. There is a statistically significant difference between the teachers’ views regarding the necessity of autonomy support and its demonstration. Opinions differ depending on gender, school type and fields. Teachers view on the necessity of autonomy support is at a higher level than their view on its demonstration. Therefore, teachers might be given in-service training with regard to demonstrate autonomy supportive behaviors.

Aytunga O?uz

2013-05-01

436

Teacher Institute: Exploratorium  

Science.gov (United States)

The Teacher Institute at San Francisco's well-regarded Exploratorium was started in 1984, and since that time they have trained thousands of educators to excel at content-based discussions and to more effectively use web-based teaching resources. On the homepage, visitors interested in taking part in one of their workshops can learn more about their offerings, including their Summer Institutes. Other more geographically distant visitors (and those not so distant) should click right on over to the "Podcasts" area of the site. There are actually three sets of educational materials here, including the "Science Teaching Tips", "SmallTalk", and "Teacher Institute". In the "Science Teaching Tips" section, visitors can listen to almost 70 short episodes that include segments on how to teach about size and scale and the metric system. The "SmallTalk" podcasts are centered around nanotechnology and they feature short chats with scientists, artists, and writers. Finally, the "Teacher Institute" area features a few clips from past Institute gatherings for those who might be interested in attending one in the future.

437

Resenha / Review: BAKHTIN, M. Palavra própria e palavra outra na sintaxe da enunciação. A palavra na vida e na poesia: introdução ao problema da poética sociológica. São Carlos: Pedro & João Editores, 2011. 184p. / BAKHTIN, M. Toward a history of forms of utterance in language constructions (Study in the applications of the Sociological Method to problems of Syntax; Discourse in life and discourse in art – concerning sociological poetics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BAKHTIN, M. Palavra própria e palavra outra na sintaxe da enunciação. A palavra na vida e na poesia: introdução ao problema da poética sociológica. São Carlos: Pedro & João Editores, 2011. 184p.BAKHTIN, M. Toward a history of forms of utterance in language constructions (Study in the applications of the Sociological Method to problems of Syntax; Discourse in life and discourse in art – concerning sociological poetics

Gilberto de Castro

2012-06-01

438

The role of an external environmental analysis in the strategic management of teacher training colleges in South Africa / Jacoba Elizabeth Fourie  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aims of this study are to determine the nature of strategic management, with specific reference to the external environmental analysis; to analyze emerging trends and challenges in the external environment of teacher training colleges and to provide guidelines for the strategic repositioning of teacher training colleges in South Africa. By means of a literature study it was determined that fundamental changes in the external environment of teacher training colleges in South Africa nec...

Fourie, Jacoba Elizabeth

1994-01-01

439

Preservice and Inservice Teachers' Perceptions of Appropriateness of Teacher Self-Disclosure  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated preservice and inservice teachers' perceptions of appropriateness of teacher self-disclosure. A sample of 180 preservice teachers and 135 preK-12 teachers participated in the study. Results showed statistically significant differences between the groups of teachers in their perceptions of appropriateness of teacher

Zhang, Shaoan; Shi, Qingmin; Tonelson, Stephen; Robinson, Jack

2009-01-01

440

Towards Constructivist Teacher Professional Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: In recent years, much has been written about constructivist learning theories and their applications to outcomes-based teaching and learning environments in South Africa. Approach: Little, if any, has been said about the implications of these ideas and practices for teacher professional development and teacher education. The introduction of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS Policy requires teachers to acquire new skills, knowledge, attitudes and values and to employ a wide variety of teaching strategies, in order to enable students to construct their own knowledge. Results: The purpose of this desktop review is to rethink teacher professional development within a constructivist framework. Conclusion: In this article, we argue that teacher professional development can fit the context and, more specifically, in outcomes-based settings, as well as proposed a move away from a mechanistic world-view (modernist and behaviorist approach to a holistic world-view (constructivist and situational or contextual approach of teacher professional development.

V. J. Pitsoe

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
441

Towards Constructivist Teacher Professional Development  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: In recent years, much has been written about constructivist learning theories and their applications to outcomes-based teaching and learning environments in South Africa. Approach: Little, if any, has been said about the implications of these ideas and practices for teacher professional development and teacher education. The introduction of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS) Policy requires teachers to acquire new skills, knowledge, attitudes and values a...

2012-01-01

442

Growing up digital teachers, too?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper attempts to explore the relationship between technological and educational change focusing on the role of teachersŽ attitudes towards ICTs. Modernizing schools and adapting them to the new learning environment posed by new ICTs is something else than buying computers and has to be related to teachers motivation and willingness to reshape their classroom practice. The paper shows how many teachers feel upset having to learn to teach in ways they were not taught, do not clearly see...

2005-01-01

443

Teacher and the pedagogical changes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the theoretical part of my thesis Teacher and the pedagogical changes I focused on the types of changes, change implementation process, and the methods of incorporating and evaluating changes in the educational system. I also described teachers' professional work in this world of changes, their tasks, roles, and professional growth. With their lifelong learning and by implementing changes in their own pedagogical work, teachers provide favourable conditions for the students to obtain high ...

Zajams?ek, Anja

2012-01-01

444

TPACK and Pre-Service Teacher Mathematics Education: Defining a Signature Pedagogy for Mathematics Education Using ICT and Based on the Metaphor "Mathematics Is a Language"  

Science.gov (United States)

National professional standards for teachers in Australia (AITSL, 2011) expect teacher education graduates to demonstrate technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK). Those standards have emerged concurrently with the development of a new Australian mathematics curriculum. Thus, the expectation is that graduates can demonstrate the…

Larkin, Kevin; Jamieson-Proctor, Romina; Finger, Glenn

2012-01-01

445

High school science teachers' perceptions of telecommunications utilizing a Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM)  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to describe high school science teachers' perceptions of telecommunications. The data were collected through open-ended ethnographic interviews with 24 high school science teachers from five different high schools in a single suburban school district who had been in an emerging telecommunications-rich environment for two and one-half years. The interview protocol was adapted from Honey and Henriquez (1993), with the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) (Bailey & Palsha, 1992) providing a conceptual framework for data analysis. For this study, the emerging telecommunications-rich environment included a district-wide infrastructure that had been in place for two and one-half years that included a secure district-wide Intranet, 24 network connections in each classroom, full Internet access from the network, four computers per classroom, and a variety of formal and informal professional development opportunities for teachers. Categories of results discussed include: (a) teacher's profession use of telecommuunications; (b) teachers' perceptions of student's use of telecommunications; (c) teachers' perceptions of barriers to the implementation of telecommunications; (d) teachers' perceptions of supporting conditions for the implementation of telecommunications; (e) teachers' perceptions of the effect of telecommunications on high school science instruction; (f) teachers' perceptions of the effect of telecommunications on student's learning in high school science; and (g) the demographic variables of the sex of the teacher, years of teaching experience, school assignment within the district, course assignment(s), and academic preparation. Implications discussed include: (a) telecommunications can be implemented successfully in a variety of high school science classrooms with adequate infrastructure support and sufficient professional development opportunities, including in classes taught by females and teachers who were not previously computer experts; (b) confirmation of the basic tenets of the CBAM model; (c) the need for a model that addresses nonstatic innovations; (d) the need for a model that addresses concerns of teachers who choose not to implement telecommunications; (e) the need for new assessment strategies; (f) informal professional development, teachers teaching other teachers, is essential in implementing telecommunications; (g) the pressure that telecommunications places upon the science curriculum; and (h) space and safety concerns associated with telecommunications in the science laboratory space.

Slough, Scott Wayne

446

A Comparative Study Among Sports Teachers And Non-sports Teachers Respect To Personality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study to find out the personality characteristics among sports teachers and non-sports teachers. Personality Inventory (N.E.O.P.I by Paul T. Costa, Jr., Ph.D. & Robert R. McCrae, Ph.D. 1989, 1992. Besides a PDS was used to get other necessary information about the teachers. Hypotheses of the study There will be significant difference between Sports teachers and Non-Sports teachers on the dimension of personality i e Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. Conclusion 1. Sports Teachers have significantly high openness than Non- Sports Teachers. 2. Sports Teachers have significantly high conscientiousness than Non- Sports Teachers. 3. Sports Teachers have significantly high extraversion than Non- Sports Teachers. 4. There were no significant differences in between Sports Teachers and Non- Sports Teachers dimension of agreeableness. 5. Sports Teachers have significantly high neuroticism than Non- Sports Teachers.

Quadri Syed Javeed

2012-10-01

447

Teachers of high ability pupils  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we analyze the characteristics of gifted and talented students’ expert teachers. The subject background and the specific proprieties of the instructional process to meet gifted students’ educational needs are analyzed. The value of teacher-student interactions and of teaching and learning styles are highlighted. Also, we include different action guidelines and instructional resources to use in the classroom to teach these students. There is not an ideal teacher for high ability students. However, teachers must know what the teaching-learning processes are and how these work, and the diverse psychological, content and contextual variables involved in such processes.

Cándido Genovard

2010-04-01

448

Hanford Emergency Response Plan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford Emergency Response Plan for the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL), incorporates into one document an overview of the emergency management program for the Hanford Site. The program has been developed in accordance with DOE orders, and state and federal regulations to protect worker and public health and safety and the environment in the event of an emergency at or affecting the Hanford Site. This plan provides a description of how the Hanford Site will implement the provisions of DOE 5500 series and other applicable Orders in terms of overall policies and concept of operations. It should be used as the basis, along with DOE Orders, for the development of specific contractor and RL implementing procedures

1994-01-01

449

Emergency reactor shutdown device  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To smoothen the emergency operation of the control rod in a BWR type reactor and to eliminate the external discharge of radioactively contaminated water. Constitution: A drain receiving tank is connected through a scram valve to the top of a cylinder which is containing a hydraulic piston connected to a trombone-shaped control rod and an accumulator is connected through another scram valve to the bottom of the cylinder. The respective scram valves are constructed to be opened by the reactor emergency shutdown signal from a reactor control system in such a manner that drain valve and a vent valve of the tank normally opened at the standby time are closed after approx. 10 seconds from the opening of the scram valves. In this manner, back pressure is not applied to the hydraulic piston at the emergency time, thereby smoothly operating the control rod. (Sikiya, K.)

1982-01-01

450

The Emerging World Order  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is common ground amongst almost all commentators that the world has changed radically over the past 25 years – the 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall heralded the ending of the Cold War, the reunification of a tragically divided Europe, and the acceleration of the process of globalisation which has its only comparable period in the decades leading up to the First World War in 1914. When analyzing the Emerging World Order it is important to cover more than Brazil economy or any other individual BRICs or other Emerging Powers. Instead, our analysis will provide a global view about the economic and political global power structures which are evolving and forming before our eyes, and then to talk about the challenges these emerging realities pose for us in Europe, and in the West in general.

PETER COLLECOTT

2014-05-01

451

Hanford Emergency Response Plan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Emergency Response Plan for the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL), incorporates into one document an overview of the emergency management program for the Hanford Site. The program has been developed in accordance with DOE orders, and state and federal regulations to protect worker and public health and safety and the environment in the event of an emergency at or affecting the Hanford Site. This plan provides a description of how the Hanford Site will implement the provisions of DOE 5500 series and other applicable Orders in terms of overall policies and concept of operations. It should be used as the basis, along with DOE Orders, for the development of specific contractor and RL implementing procedures.

Wagoner, J.D.

1994-04-01

452

Role of New Emerging Technology in English Language Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can teach students basic grammatical rules from the English language exercises available on the Internet. Students can use on line dictionaries, pronouncing dictionaries to improve their communication skills. Students can learn English through language games, video, audio clips, text on internet and other internet language learning software. This paper intends to maximize the positive effect of new emerging technology in teaching English language and to minimize the negative effects of emerging technology in English language teaching. New media usually includes: online news, websites, 3-D and virtual reality environments and effects, highly interactive user interfaces, mobiles, presentation and computing capabilities, telephones, online communities, live internet broadcasting and print media. Our general aim is to explore the design and use of new emerging technology in English language teaching. New emerging technology makes learning atmosphere pleasant and conductive. It replaces our traditional class rooms into smart class rooms.

Dr. Madhvi Rathore

2013-10-01

453

PFP Emergency Lighting Study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

NFPA 101, section 5-9 mandates that, where required by building classification, all designated emergency egress routes be provided with adequate emergency lighting in the event of a normal lighting outage. Emergency lighting is to be arranged so that egress routes are illuminated to an average of 1.0 footcandle with a minimum at any point of 0.1 footcandle, as measured at floor level. These levels are permitted to drop to 60% of their original value over the required 90 minute emergency lighting duration after a power outage. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) has two designations for battery powered egress lights ''Emergency Lights'' are those battery powered lights required by NFPA 101 to provide lighting along officially designated egress routes in those buildings meeting the correct occupancy requirements. Emergency Lights are maintained on a monthly basis by procedure ZSR-12N-001. ''Backup Lights'' are battery powered lights not required by NFPA, but installed in areas where additional light may be needed. The Backup Light locations were identified by PFP Safety and Engineering based on several factors. (1) General occupancy and type of work in the area. Areas occupied briefly during a shiftly surveillance do not require backup lighting while a room occupied fairly frequently or for significant lengths of time will need one or two Backup lights to provide general illumination of the egress points. (2) Complexity of the egress routes. Office spaces with a standard hallway/room configuration will not require Backup Lights while a large room with several subdivisions or irregularly placed rooms, doors, and equipment will require Backup Lights to make egress safer. (3) Reasonable balance between the safety benefits of additional lighting and the man-hours/exposure required for periodic light maintenance. In some plant areas such as building 236-Z, the additional maintenance time and risk of contamination do not warrant having Backup Lights installed in all rooms. Sufficient light for egress is provided by existing lights located in the hallways

2000-01-01

454

Favorable and Unfavorable Characteristics of EFL Teachers Perceived by University Students of Thailand  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teachers play pivotal roles in EFL classrooms. Characteristics of EFL teachers may affect students’ attitudes and motivations to language learning. The effective/good characteristics of the EFL teachers perceived by the students have been extensively investigated by the previous research works. However, the perceptions of the students from different backgrounds to EFL teachers may vary in different learning settings. In addition, the research works on both favorable and unfavorable characteristics of EFL teachers are comparatively scarce. This study aimed to investigate the favorable and unfavorable characteristics of the EFL teachers perceived by Thai university students. The data were collected from 6o students at Vongchavalitkul University. Open-ended questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used as the main instruments for data collection. Useful information about EFL teachers’ personal trait-related characteristics and classroom teaching-related characteristics emerged from the data. The information is very useful and beneficial for the EFL teachers to reflect their personal characteristics and reconsider their classroom teaching, which may be very helpful for them to do some adjustment and preparation in their teaching to achieve better education results.

Jun Chen

2012-01-01

455

Characterization of radiological emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several severe radiological emergencies were reviewed to determine the likely range of conditions which must be coped with by a mobile teleoperator designed for emergencies. The events reviewed included accidents at TMI (1978), SL-1 (1961), Y-12 (1958), Bethesda (1982), Chalk River (1952 and 1958), Lucens (1969). The important conditions were: radiation fields over 10,000 R/h, severe contamination, possible critical excursion, possible inert atmosphere, temperatures from 50"0C to -20"0C, 100% relative humidity, 60-cm-high obstacles, stairs, airlocks, darkness, and lack of electric power

1985-06-23

456

Emergency workload in otolaryngology.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 6-month prospective audit of the otolaryngology emergency workload in a district general hospital was undertaken. A total of 742 cases was referred of whom 193 (26%) were children (< 16 years). The male to female ratio was equal, and 69% of cases were referred from the accident and emergency department. Although most conditions were minor enough to be managed in the ward treatment room and either discharged (40%) or followed up as outpatients (27%), more than one-quarter of patients (28%) n...

Bleach, N. R.; Williamson, P. A.; Mady, S. M.

1994-01-01

457

Ultrasonography in abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

From February 1986 to March 1988 113 abdominal US exams were performed in emergency situation to evaluate the accuracy of this methodology: 13 were blunt traumas, 18 post-operative complications. A real-time scanner with a linear probe of 5 MHz was employed. The results were confirmed by surgical and/or clinical and instrumental evaluation. In 81% of the examinations, ultrasonography allowed a diagnosis to be made. Gallbladder and biliary pathologies were the most common findings. The results (sensibility 96%, specificity 88%, accuracy 95%) confirm the affidability of ultrasonography in abdominal emergencies, as shown in literature

1989-01-01

458

Classification of Emergency Scenarios  

CERN Multimedia

In most of today's emergency scenarios information plays a crucial role. Therefore, information has to be constantly collected and shared among all rescue team members and this requires new innovative technologies. In this paper a classification of emergency scenarios is presented, describing their special characteristics and common strategies employed by rescue units to handle them. Based on interviews with professional firefighters, requirements for new systems are listed. The goal of this article is to support developers designing new systems by providing them a deeper look into the work of first responders.

Muench, Mathieu

2011-01-01

459

Emergency room angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty arteriographic examinations that imaged virtually all common sites of vascular trauma have been performed in the emergency department trauma room using portable angiographic equipment. Features of the mobile DSA C-arm system such as real-time subtraction at 30 frames per second, window and level controls, frame averaging, catheter road mapping, and automatic peak opacification allow rapid acquisition of excellent quality angiograms, with relatively low volumes of contrast agents. The availability of this technique in the emergency department significantly decreases triage time in level I trauma center care

1987-12-04

460

Pediatric hypertensive emergencies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypertensive emergency is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate evaluation and treatment. In children, severe hypertension can be caused by a variety of different underlying conditions. It usually presents with neurological involvement; however, signs and symptoms of injury to the kidneys, myocardium and eyes can also be present. Hospitalization for intravenous treatment with antihypertensive(s) and close monitoring in an intensive care setting are required for these patients. Few studies in children with hypertensive emergency have been done in the last several years. The findings and observations of these studies are discussed in this review. PMID:24908135

Baracco, Rossana; Mattoo, Tej K

2014-08-01

 
 
 
 
461

Management of Obstetric Emergencies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pregnancy is a physiological process, but the mother and fetus may encounter complications that require aggressive emergency treatment at any time. Timing of critical events and understanding of the pathophysiology of treatment provide a rapid result. Most obstetric complications cannot be predicted, and pregnancies may be complicated by trying to determine in advance the necessary measures which should be taken and the mother and fetus are evaluated together to minimize maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Here, obstetric emergencies and general appraoches will be reviewed.

Kaz?m Gezginç

2011-09-01

462

[Endocrine emergencies during pregnancy].  

Science.gov (United States)

Endocrine emergencies during pregnancy can become life-threatening for both mother and fetus. In addition to some pregnancy-linked endocrine disorders, several pre-existing forms of endocrinopathy, such as Grave's disease, type 1 diabetes and adrenal insufficiency might deteriorate acutely during pregnancy. Early diagnosis and management are challenging because the classical symptoms are often modified by pregnancy. Laboratory tests are subject to altered physiological ranges and pharmacological options are limited while therapeutic goals are stricter than in the non-pregnant patient. This article focuses on endocrine emergencies complicating pregnancy. PMID:22349529

Harbeck, B; Schütt, M; Sayk, F

2012-03-01

463

Emergency reactor cooling device  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When all of AC power sources should be lost making it impossible to use an emergency reactor core cooling system, a diesel driving machine is started by a storage battery, and pumps are driven by using the diesel driving machine. Water from a vessel which stores cooling water for emergency reactor cooling is pressurized and supplied into a reactor container or a reactor pressure vessel. Further, if it takes much time for restoring an external power source and a diesel electric power generator in the plant, it is possible to supply cooling water from a hose connection port at the outside of a reactor building. (N.H.)

1990-03-26

464

75 FR 57907 - Teacher Incentive Fund  

Science.gov (United States)

...RIN 1810-AB08 Teacher Incentive Fund...requirements for the Teacher Incentive Fund...Secondary Education (Attention: Teacher Incentive Fund...develop and implement performance- based compensation...effectiveness and student achievement,...

2010-09-23

465

Teachers Helping Teachers: A Professional Development Model that Promotes Teacher Leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This mixed methods study reports on the outcomes of a professional development model (PDM developed by a K-12 private school in Beirut, Lebanon, after 3 years of its employment. Specifically, an evaluation of this PDM is provided with special emphasis on its potential of developing teacher leaders at school. The PDM embraces a constructivist approach whereby teachers train colleague teachers and some high school students provide ushering services during professional development events. Data was collected using focus group interviews with teacher trainers, surveying teacher trainees and asking student ushers to describe their most important gain from this model using a single statement. Findings of the study highlight resonant school gains from this PDM and underscore its potential in developing not only teacher leadership but also student leadership. The study provides important implications for professional development program designers.

Norma Ghamrawi

2013-03-01

466

Adolescent Predictors of Emerging Adulthood Milestones in Youth with Spina Bifida*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective?To examine the predictive utility of demographic (illness status and SES), individual (neurocognitive functioning and intrinsic motivation), and family-based (parental intrusiveness) factors during adolescence on the achievement of emerging adulthood milestones in youth with and without spina bifida (SB).?Methods?Questionnaire and observational data were collected from 14/15-year-old adolescents with SB, typically developing peers, mothers, and teachers. Emerging adulthood mil...

2011-01-01

467

Emergency Contraception: a survey of Hospital Emergency Departments Staffs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The World Health Organization defines emergency contraception (EC) as a means to prevent unwanted pregnancy. In countries where EC is dispensed behind the counter, emergency departments are a preferred point of care for its prescription and dispensing. In light of this situation and as no studies on emergency contraception in emergency departments in Italy have been conducted to date, this study was designed with a view to analyze the responses of emergency room physicians in relation to thei...

Marco Bo; Ivo Casagranda; Mario Galzerano; Lorena Charrier; Maria Michela Gianino

2011-01-01

468