While the scope of activities that constitute teacher leadership has become better defined, the professional development of emerging teacher leaders is just beginning to be discussed. In this study, the teacher leadership activities of beginning English-as-a-second-language teachers in a wide variety of settings in New York City public schools…
Hale, Mary E.
Analysis of school documents, teacher and principal interviews, and teacher conflicts in an elementary school uncovered both an explicit rule structure fostering a desired school image and a series of implicit rules accepted by the faculty but at times contradicting the organizational image. Established master contract guidelines featured (1) care…
Pinnegar, Stefinee; Murphy, M. Shaun
Role theory is based in a conception of a social world wherein various roles are either available or made available and those participating in such worlds shape their identity according to the roles that are made available to them. In positioning theory, Haare and van Langenhove (1998) suggest that teachers are always in the process of…
This paper explores Stanley Cavell's notion of "passionate utterance", which acts as an extension of/departure from (we might read it as both) J. L. Austin's theory of the performative. Cavell argues that Austin having made the revolutionary discovery that truth claims in language are bound up with how words perform, then gets bogged by convention…
Mabel Oliveira Teixeira
Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the impact of the characteristics of the Twitter platform on the application of standard journalistic technique (TRAQUINA, 2008 during the creation and production of news releases as tweets and, at the same time, it seeks to identify their specifications regarding traditional journalistic utterances. Through the analysis of 134 tweets collected from newspaper profiles of Folha de S. Paulo, Zero Hora and Diário Popular, we have obtained indications that led us to confirm our central assumption. In other words, the hierarchical pattern and purpose that guide the creation of standard news, and therefore, the special language that characterizes traditional journalism, begin to give way to models that are more horizontal and interactive, that redesign the standard technique (based on the model of the Inverted Pyramid and thus, modify journalistic writing - interfering in its discursive effects (GOMES, 2000.
Kraehe, Amelia M.
This article presents case studies of two Black preservice art teachers and their racialized experiences in art teacher education. Drawing from a critical race theory perspective, their stories are conceptualized as emergent counternarratives of becoming an art teacher. The case studies are based on interviews from an ethnographic investigation of…
Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Chang, Joohee; Kong, Younghee
This paper discusses the issues inherent in the teacher induction stage based on a literature review. Literature on organizational socialization is utilized as the theoretical framework and for informing the teacher education literature. A conceptual framework of teacher development is proposed to illustrate the stages from teacher preparation to…
Full Text Available The success of any nation depends on education system. The strength and quality of any educational system depends largely upon a sound programme of teacher education. Educational programme are bound to fail if the quality of teachers are compromised. Hence, the teacher education programme is of utmost importance. The teacher educators have to shoulder a great responsibility of educating the teacher trainees. But now these days there is a growing feeling that teacher training courses are not effective in turning out trained and competent teachers. There are so many reasons are behind this st problem. This article highlights emerging concerns and problems of teacher education in the 21 century and suggestion to improve teacher education programme
Pinnegar, Stefinee; Murphy, M. Shaun
Research exploring the process of becoming a teacher educator always reveals the difficult balancing act that developing an identity as a teacher educator involves and the articles in this issue do just that. The Rice and McNeil studies of teacher educator identity in this issue are very revealing; they were conducted from the perspective of…
Monteiro, Rute Cristina Correia da Rocha; Carrillo Yáñez, José; Aguaded Landero, Santiago
As the main goal of this study is to understand the teacher’s thoughts and action when he/she is immersed in the activity of teaching, its purpose concerns the comprehension of the teacher’s practice. With this aim we describe the procedures used to model the teaching of two teachers with respect to the topic of Plant Diversity. Starting from the consideration of theoretical constructs of script, routine and improvisation, this modelisation basically corresponds to the microanalysis of the te...
Singh, Mala; Ingle, Navin Anand; Kaur, Navpreet; Yadav, Pramod
Introduction: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) are widespread in the population and are a serious dental public health problem among children. Dental trauma may cause both functional and esthetic problems, with possible impacts on the patient's quality of life. Aim: To investigate teacher's knowledge and attitudes of Mathura city about emergency management of TDIs in children. Materials and Methods: A total of 352 teachers from total 23 schools of Mathura city were included in the study. Data were collected through a survey, which included a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three major parts containing multiple-choice questions. Results: Among the teachers 51.1% were males and 48.9% were females. Majority of the respondents, that is, 33.5% were between 31 and 40 years of age. Most respondents (34%) had more than 10 years of teaching experience. Majority of the teachers (39.2%) had educational qualification other than B.Ed. and M.Ed. degrees. Physical education teachers comprised the largest group of school teachers. Regarding knowledge and attitude, the teachers with 10–20 years of teaching experience, physical education teachers, and the teachers other than B.Ed. and M.Ed. qualifications had given more correct answers to the questions when compared with other groups. Conclusion: For the teachers having a low level of knowledge, there is a need for greater awareness to improve teachers’ knowledge and attitudes related to the emergency management of TDIs in children by organizing educative and motivational programs. PMID:25992335
Dinkelman, Todd; Cuenca, Alexandar; Butler, Brandon; Elfer, Charles; Ritter, Jason; Powell, Dave; Hawley, Todd
Over a 7-year period, graduate teaching assistants participated in a teacher education doctoral seminar designed to develop emergent scholarship and practice in teacher education. Six former students in the seminar, all now assistant professors, joined Dinkelman in an open-ended, far-ranging, month-long conversation captured in a threaded, online…
Hoot, James; Szente, Judit; Tadesse, Selamawit
This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world--Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of…
Claudia Londero Pagliarin
Full Text Available A great number of traumatic dental injuries occur at school, during sports-related activities. However, physical education teachers are often not prepared to provide emergency management of dental trauma in general and of tooth avulsion in particular. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion among physical education teachers at public and private schools of a city in southern Brazil. A questionnaire covering personal and professional information and eight multiple-choice questions to assess knowledge of emergency management of tooth avulsion was sent to 217 physical education teachers. Of a total of 217 questionnaires distributed, 102 returned. Only 23.5% of the teachers had received prior information on dental trauma. When asked about the fi rst action to be taken if faced with an avulsed tooth, only 12.7% informed they would attempt to replant the tooth. Fifty two teachers (51% were not aware of the optimum extraoral time. Signifi cant differences were found between teachers who had and who had not received prior information with regard to adequate transport medium and adequate time for replantation (chi-square, p = 0.03 and p = 0.02, respectively. There is a general lack of knowledge of emergency management of avulsed teeth among physical education teachers, pointing to an urgent need to implement regular, continuing education so as to increase the level of knowledge and improve prognosis of this important traumatic dental injury.
The purpose of this paper is to present a method for automatic classification of dialogue utterances and the results of applying that method to a corpus. Superficial features of a set of training utterances (which we will call cues) are taken as the basis for finding relevant utterance classes and for extracting rules for assigning these classes to new utterances. Each cue is assumed to partially contribute to the communicative function of an utterance. Instead of relying on subjective judgments for the tasks of finding classes and rules, we opt for using machine learning techniques to guarantee objectivity.
Mohandas U; Chandan G
The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the i...
Adler, Jill; Ball, Deborah; Krainer, Konrad; Lin, Fou-Lai; Novotna, Jarmila
This paper reports a survey of research in mathematics teacher education from 1999 to 2003 done by an international team of five mathematics educators and researchers. The survey included published research in international mathematics education journals, international handbooks of mathematics education and international mathematics education…
Dickson, Randi; Costigan, Arthur
This article explores how exposure to aesthetic education approaches can help novice teachers reconsider their literature instruction in an age of mandated curricula and increased pressures to "teach to the test." The guiding questions were as follows: What similarities exist between transacting with a text on the page and aesthetically engaging…
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the injuries. The sample consisted 580 teachers from 700 selected schools in Bangalore city. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance between trained and untrained teachers. Among the population 70% were males physical education teachers 30% were females. 95% of the teachers had physical education training and 5% did not have the training. 95% of the population had first aid component and 5% did not have. Only 25% of trained physical education teachers had correct knowledge about tooth identification and 17% among untrained teachers. 81% of trained teachers answered correctly regarding management of fractured anterior teeth against 27.5% of untrained teachers (P< 0.0002. The present report indicates that there is lack of knowledge and practice among physical education teachers in Bangalore city regarding emergency management of dental trauma. Educational programs to improve the knowledge and awareness among the teachers have to be implemented.
Kaschak, Jennifer Cutsforth; Letwinsky, Karim Medico
This study investigates the unexpected emergence of a community of practice in a middle level mathematics and science methods course. The authors describe how preservice teacher participation in a collaborative, project-based service-learning experience resulted in the formation of a community of practice characterized by teamwork, meaningful…
Dennis, Lindsay R.; Votteler, Nancy K.
Early literacy skill development is critical during the preschool years. Under that umbrella is emergent writing, a small but important component of overall literacy development. This article presents two writing strategies: (1) writers' workshop and (2) dictation within the context of storybook reading that preschool teachers can utilize to…
Tayupova O. I.
Full Text Available The article investigates ways of actualization of mean field utterances used in modern German instructions considering the type of the text. The author determines and analyzes similarities and differences in linguistic means used in mean field utterances in the context of such text subtypes as instructions to household appliances, cosmetic products directions and prescribing information for pharmaceutical drugs use.
Beswick, J. F.; Willms, J. Douglas; Sloat, E. A.
In view of the current emphasis on teachers' contextual assessment of emergent literacy skills, we need to determine the degree to which such assessments are valid judgments about children's early literacy skill development. One approach to this issue would be to examine closely the relationship between teacher ratings of literacy skills and…
Hinkelman, Elizabeth A.
In order to model how people understand language, it is necessary to understand not only grammar and logic but also how people use language to affect their environment. This area of study is known as natural language pragmatics. Speech acts, for instance, are the offers, promises, announcements, etc., that people make by talking. The same expression may be different acts in different contexts, and yet not every expression performs every act. We want to understand how people are able to recognize other's intentions and implications in saying something. Previous plan-based theories of speech act interpretation do not account for the conventional aspect of speech acts. They can, however, be made sensitive to both linguistic and propositional information. This dissertation presents a method of speech act interpretation which uses patterns of linguistic features (e.g., mood, verb form, sentence adverbials, thematic roles) to identify a range of speech act interpretations for the utterance. These are then filtered and elaborated by inferences about agents' goals and plans. In many cases the plan reasoning consists of short, local inference chains (that are in fact conversational implicatures) and, extended reasoning is necessary only for the most difficult cases. The method is able to accommodate a wide range of cases, from those which seem very idiomatic to those which must be analyzed using knowledge about the world and human behavior. It explains how, Can you pass the salt, can be a request while, Are you able to pass the salt, is not.
Full Text Available Dialogue partners coordinate with each other to reach a common goal. The analogy with other joint activities has sparked interesting observations (e.g., about the norms governing turn taking and has informed studies of linguistic alignment in dialogue. However, the parallels between language and action have not been fully explored, especially with regard to the mechanisms that support moment-by-moment coordination during language use in conversation. We review the literature on joint actions to show (i what sorts of mechanisms allow coordination and (ii which types of experimental paradigms can be informative of the nature of such mechanisms. Regarding (i, there is converging evidence that the actions of others can be represented in the same format as one’s own actions. Furthermore, the predicted actions of others are taken into account in the planning of one’s own actions. Similarly, we propose that interlocutors find it easy to coordinate their acts of production because they can represent their partner’s utterances, they can use these representations to build predictions, which are taken into account in the planning of self-generated utterances. Regarding (ii, we propose a new methodology to study interactive language that combines joint tasks with traditional psycholinguistic methods. In one class of paradigms, two participants are involved in simultaneous production and we manipulate the relationship between their utterances to investigate whether representations of other-generated utterances are built automatically. In a second class of paradigms, the production of an utterance is distributed between two speakers (i.e., they complete each other’s utterances. The timing of their contributions is varied; we are interested in the extent to which predictions about other-generated utterances are integrated in the planning of one’s own utterances. Finally, we argue that our account of joint language use leads to a new view on isolated comprehension.
Fayolle, Julien; Saraclar, Murat; Moreau, Fabienne; Raymond, Christian; Gravier, Guillaume
This paper presents a method for indexing spoken utterances which combines lexical and phonetic hypotheses in a hybrid index built from automata. The retrieval is realised by a lexical-phonetic and semi-imperfect matching whose aim is to improve the recall. A feature vector, containing edit distance scores and a confidence measure, weights each transition to help the filtering of the candidate utterance list for a more precise search. Experiment results show that the lexical and phonetic repr...
Mark Eugene Amsler
Full Text Available A critical pragmatics finds good grounding in Bakhtin and Voloshinov’s theory of the Utterance in Marxism and the Philosophy of Language (1929. In this essay I explore and extend the notion of ‘reaccenting’ with that of ‘retexting’ and call attention to the role of textualities in the performance and deformance of written language. Critical pragmatic moves beyond stylistics and proposes a more critical linguistic approach to literary texts. I use critical pragmatics informed by Bakhtin’s theory of the utterance to read Langston Hughes’s dialogic lyrics in Montage of a Dream Deferred (1951 and poetic retexting as a literate and critical practice.
Hudson, Mildred J.
Discusses the emerging leadership qualities needed to establish and administer programs to recruit and prepare teachers of color. The discussion is derived from experience with the Pathways to Teaching Careers initiative funded by the DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund. The importance of linking efforts by educational leaders is stressed. (SLD)
Lichtert, Guido F.; Loncke, Filip T.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the development of proto-imperative and proto-declarative utterances in normally developing, non-neonatally screened, profoundly deaf toddlers. Method: Both types of proto-declarative are considered to be the most basic prelinguistic and early linguistic communicative functions.…
Sannomiya, Machiko; Kawaguchi, Atsuo; Yamakawa, Ikue; Morita, Yusuke
The relation between backchannel utterance and idea-generation has hardly been studied. Based on preliminary investigations, we formulated a hypothesis that a listener's backchannel utterances facilitate a speaker's idea-generation. This study experimentally manipulated the frequency of backchannel utterances by listeners during speakers' idea-generation for think-aloud tasks. 16 Japanese female undergraduates participated. Analysis indicated that frequent backchannel utterances increased not only the number of ideas generated but also the speaking time for the tasks. PMID:14563024
Max, Jeffrey; Koppich, Julia E.
A growing number of states and school districts are experimenting with new approaches to paying teachers. These efforts to reform teacher pay can involve a range of state and local actors, including governors, state education officials, superintendents, local school boards, teacher unions, private foundations, community organizations, and local…
Davis, Brent; Renert, Moshe
We discuss the teachers' disciplinary knowledge of mathematics in this article, arguing two main points as we report on a 2-year study involving 22 practicing teachers. First we argue that teachers' knowledge of mathematics might be productively construed as a complex evolving form, a significant dimension of which is tacit knowledge. Second,…
Williamson, Zoe; Robinson, Gillian
The present article reports on a cooperative research with a small group of teachers studying for a professionally accredited master's degree (MTeach), leading to the professional award of Chartered Teacher status, at a Scottish university. The aim of the study was to explore teachers' perceptions of the impact made on them and their practice as a…
Craig, Cheryl J.
The author examines 1 experienced teacher's image of teaching and how it was purposely changed--through external intervention and against the individual's will--from the view of teacher as curriculum maker to the view of teacher as curriculum implementer. Laura's account of the "butterfly under a pin" image, a version of the…
Smith, Allan B; Jackins, Megan
The task of developing prognoses for late-talking children has long been a challenge for speech-language pathologists, developmental psychologists, and pediatricians. Improved predictors would help to assess long-term risk and determine appropriate intervention services. The present study evaluated children's length of longest utterances (LLU) as a predictor of mean length of utterance (MLU) one year later. Relationships between LLU at 30 months, MLU at 30 months and MLU at 42 months were examined in 43 late talkers (LT) and 33 age-matched children whose language was typically developing (TD). LLU was a significant predictor of MLU at 42 months with particularly strong correlations within the LT group. Similar results were obtained when controlling for language sample size, which was positively related to LLU. For the LT group, a regression model combining 30-month LLU and MLU was better at predicting 42-month MLU than 30-month MLU alone. The results are discussed in terms of frequency distributions of utterance lengths within language samples. PMID:24160753
Purpose Though contemporary Genre Studies, and especially American Rhetorical Genre Studies (RGS), has made great progress through prioritizing the functional aspect of genre, there is now much to be gained by giving renewed space to the formal and thematic sides of genre as well, granting the concrete utterances, making up particular genres, equal weight in the theory and analysis of genre. The purpose of this shift is emphatically not to take anything away from current Genre Studies; I admire what is being done in genre research today and want to add to it and expand it by demonstrating some of the possibilities enabled by a modified approach. Findings Current Genre Studies, as encountered in RGS, is an impressive and highly organized body of knowledge. By re-introducing literary and high rhetorical subject matter, which has been under-studied in RGS, into it, the chapter demonstrates some of the complexities involved when Genre Studies confront genres whose utterances are more complex than the “homely discourses” usually discussed in RGS. Formal and thematic features play a far too significant role in literary works to be explicable simply as derivations from function alone. But this is not limited to works of literature. The chapter finds that though more complex genres, literary and high rhetorical, most consistently invite utterance-based interpretations, other genre-based studies can benefit from them as well. Originality/value The chapter offers a perspective on genre which gives renewed weight to formal and thematic interpretations of genre, by allowing the utterances themselves to re-enter center stage. This enables an improved understanding of complex genres. It also revives close reading as a viable approach to understanding genre and thus to inform the rhetorical, linguistic, and sociological perspectives dominant in current genre scholarship. Finally, it improves our understanding of genre in both a systematic and a historical perspective. The chapter demonstrates, thus, that an understanding which puts as much weight on a genre’s utterances, as it does on its function is viable as an interpretation of genres, and is fruitful as an approach to them.
The purpose of this study was to explore teacher leaders' and principals' perceptions of instructional leadership in a shared context. The multi-stage multiple-case study examined roles and relationships of teacher leaders and principal teams across four schools within a Midwestern urban school district engaging in what has been identified in…
Goldring, Ellen; Grissom, Jason A.; Rubin, Mollie; Neumerski, Christine M.; Cannata, Marisa; Drake, Timothy; Schuermann, Patrick
Increasingly, states and districts are combining student growth measures with rigorous, rubric-aligned teacher observations in constructing teacher evaluation measures. Although the student growth or value-added components of these measures have received much research and policy attention, the results of this study suggest that the data generated…
This thesis is concerned with the syntax, compositional semantics and contextually-situated interpretation of a certain kind of non-sentential utterance occuring in dialogue, namely one where the utterance, despite its ‘incomplete’ syntactic form, is intended to convey a proposition, a question or a request. Perhaps the most prominent type of such utterances is the short answer, as in “A: Who came to the party? — B: Peter.”, but there are many other types as well. Following (Morga...
Philosophy of teaching statements are autobiographical reflective statements on teaching and learning. Such statements can therefore be regarded as a window into the professional identities of teachers, and are increasingly called for internationally when promotion and appointments are considered. In this paper the philosophy of teaching statements of final-year History Education student teachers, are used as the units of analysis. Although meaningful themes on their emergin...
Kim, Minkang; Sankey, Derek
For more than half a century, child development has endured as one of the main components of teacher education. But if children do develop, as developmentalists claim, what precisely is it that develops and how? Traditionally, within education, answers to these questions have drawn heavily on the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Piaget…
Rahimi, Regina; Liston, Delores
Sexual harassment is a highly troubling gendered phenomenon that plagues young women on a daily basis. The way in which sexual harassment is perceived and treated is varied and is largely based on racial and class stereotypes. This paper highlights the findings from a study in which a group of middle and high school teachers were interviewed and…
Behrstock, Ellen; Clifford, Matthew
A generational transition is occurring in U.S. public school classrooms. Baby Boom teachers (those born between 1946 and 1964) are approaching retirement age, and many of their colleagues from Generation X (those born between 1965 and 1976) are entering their mid-career stage. The newest generation in the teaching workforce is Generation Y (those…
Steensig, Jakob; Asmuß, Birte
The article investigates ‘yes but’ initiated utterances in German and Danish conversations. The investigated utterances perform rejecting and disagreeing actions and they occur after suggestions, assessments and assertion with a clear action preference for acceptance and agreement. It is found that utterances that begin with an integrates ‘yes but’ token are constructed as "no fault" accounts and show little orientation to social problematicity, whereas utterances initiated with separated ‘yes but’ involve more socially problematic rejections and disagreements.
de Haan, Annika; Elbers, Ed; Hoofs, Huub; Leseman, Paul
In this study, longitudinal cohort-sequential latent growth modeling was used to determine the effects of (a) socioeconomically mixed preschool and kindergarten classrooms, (b) the implementation of an education program aiming to accelerate socioeconomically disadvantaged children's emergent academic skills, and (c) the amount of teacher-managed…
Marklund, Ulrika; Marklund, Ellen; Lacerda, Francisco; Schwarz, Iris-Corinna
This study compares parental pause and utterance duration in conversations with Swedish speaking children at age 1;6 who have either a large, typical, or small expressive vocabulary, as measured by the Swedish version of the McArthur-Bates CDI. The adjustments that parents do when they speak to children are similar across all three vocabulary groups; they use longer utterances than when speaking to adults, and respond faster to children than they do to other adults. However, overall pause duration varies with the vocabulary size of the children, and as a result durational aspects of the language environment to which the children are exposed differ between groups. Parents of children in the large vocabulary size group respond faster to child utterances than do parents of children in the typical vocabulary size group, who in turn respond faster to child utterances than do parents of children in the small vocabulary size group. PMID:25330786
Yeomans, D. K.
Until a few decades ago, interplanetary travel was the stuff of dreams but the dreamers often turned out to be farsighted while the predictions of some eminent scientists were far too conservative. The prescient dreamers include the Russian schoolteacher, Konstanin Tsiolkovsky who, in 1883, was the first to note that only rockets could serve the needs of space travel. In 1923, Herman Oberth published a treatise discussing various aspects of interplanetary travel including the impulse necessary to escape the Earth's gravitational pull. In his spare time, a German civil engineer, Walter Hohmann, established in 1925 that the optimal energy transfer orbit between planets is an ellipse that is tangent to the orbits of both bodies. Four year later, an Austrian army officer, Hermann Potocnik outlined the benefits of space stations including those in geosynchronous orbits. Whereas Tsiolkovsky, Oberth, Hohmann, and Potocnik provided ideas and theories, the American, Robert H. Goddard, was testing liquid fueled rockets by as early as 1925. By the time he was finished in 1941, Goddard flew liquid fueled rockets that reached speeds of 700 mph and altitudes above 8,000 feet. In direct contrast to the advances by these mostly amateur engineers, many respected authorities scoffed at space travel because of the insurmountable technological difficulties. One year prior to the launch of Sputnik, the British Astronomer Royal, Sir Richard Wooley, declared, "space travel is utter bilge." While the theories of space travel were well developed by the late 1920's, space travel technology was still a poorly funded, mostly amateur, endeavor until the German army hired Oberth's student, Werner von Braun, and others to develop long range rockets for military purposes. In the early 1940's, Von Braun's team developed the rocket propulsion and guidance systems that would one day form the basis of the American space program.
This study examined pre-service teachers' potential use of Web 2.0 technologies for teaching. A coding scheme incorporating the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework guided the analysis of pre-service teachers' Web 2.0-enhanced learning activity descriptions. The results indicated that while pre-service teachers…
A de Lima Ludgero
Conclusions: A lack of technical information was observed among teachers regarding management of tooth avulsion. Educational campaigns at schools are necessary to modify the behavior of the teachers with regard to management of tooth avulsion. Further studies should be carried out for the assessment of teachers who have participated in educational campaigns to make the treatment of dental trauma a matter of public interest.
The findings reported in this paper report on an investigation of Chinese people's understanding of the nature of science in relation to their conceptualisations of Nature. As an exploratory and interpretive study, it uses semi-structured interviews with 25 Chinese secondary school science teachers. The paper first presents these teachers'…
Dulce, Esteves; Paulo, Pinheiro; Rui, Brás; Kelly, O’Hara; Ricardo, Rodrigues.
Full Text Available O conhecimento dos Professores de Educação Física (EF) sobre 1os socorros condiciona a sua atuação em situações de emergência, pelo que é importante avaliá-lo. Neste sentido, desenhou-se um questionário para avaliar (1) o conhecimento teórico sobre como atuar em situações de emergência (KT); (2) o c [...] onhecimento operacional (KO) de atuação face à emergência e (3) de que modo idade, género, habilitações literárias, perceção do conhecimento e fontes de informação influenciam KT e KO. Participaram no estudo 284 professores (57.7% H; 41.9% M; 37.6 ± 7.1 anos), onde 19% dos professores entrevistados têm bom nível de KT e 49,5% bom nível de KO. A idade e habilitações literárias influenciam o conhecimento: os mais jovens mostram melhor KT e KO e os Mestres melhor KT mas um nível igual de KO. O género não influencia nem KT nem KO. Médicos/enfermeiros e formação profissional são as melhores fontes de informação para melhorar KO. Uma vez que 50.5% dos professores apresentam nível mau ou médio de KO, a introdução de módulos de 1os socorros na formação profissional, especialmente se estes forem lecionados por médicos/enfermeiros, pode ser uma estratégia eficiente para melhorar o conhecimento de atuação face à emergência. Abstract in english Physical Education (PE Teachers’ knowledge on 1st aid embraces their action in emergency situations, so it is important to evaluate it. We investigated 284 PE teachers (57.7% Male, 41.9% Female, 37.6 ± 7.1 years) using a questionnaire specially designed to evaluate (1) theoretical knowledge (KT) abo [...] ut how to act in emergency situations, (2) operational knowledge (KO) for action in the face of emergency and (3) how age, gender, education, perception of individual knowledge and information sources of influence KT and KO. 19% of interviewed teachers present good level of KT and 49.5% good level of KO. Age and education influence knowledge: younger teachers show best KT and KO Masters present better KT but an equal level of KO. Gender does not influence neither KT nor KO. Doctors / nurses and professional education are the best information sources to improve KO. 50.5% of teachers have a bad or average KO, which may impair their action face the accident. The introduction of modules in 1st aid training, especially if they are taught by doctors / nurses, seems to be an efficient strategy to improve the knowledge of action on emergency.
Goldwater, Micah B; Tomlinson, Marc T; Echols, Catharine H; Love, Bradley C
What mechanisms underlie children's language production? Structural priming--the repetition of sentence structure across utterances--is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less successful than older children at mapping both semantic and syntactic relations. Consistent with this account, 4-year-old children showed priming only of semantic relations when surface similarity across utterances was limited, whereas 5-year-olds showed priming of both semantic and syntactic structure regardless of shared surface similarity. The priming of semantic structure without syntactic structure is uniquely predicted by the structure-mapping account because others have interpreted structural priming as a reflection of developing syntactic knowledge. PMID:21428995
Elmadany, AbdelRahim A.; Abdou, Sherif M.; Gheith, Mervat
Text segmentation task is an essential processing task for many of Natural Language Processing (NLP) such as text summarization, text translation, dialogue language understanding, among others. Turns segmentation considered the key player in dialogue understanding task for building automatic Human-Computer systems. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to turn segmentation into utterances for Egyptian spontaneous dialogues and Instance Messages (IM) using Machine Lear...
Peeraer, Jef; Van Petegem, Peter
In many developing countries, integration of ICT is a key component of an educational reform agenda. These countries can draw on a tradition of research in the developed world on factors determining integration of ICT in education. In this tradition, this study investigates the current situation of ICT integration in teacher education in Vietnam,…
Panizzon, Debra; Westwell, Martin; Elliott, Katrina
Australia requires a flexible and scientifically literate population if we are to maintain and possibly raise our competitive edge for innovation in an ever-changing global economy (DEST, 2006). Central to achieving this outcome is a workforce of competent teachers of Science with the pedagogical expertise, subject knowledge and enthusiasm…
TakeharuSeno; KeikoIhaya; YukiYamada
Speed of utterance is an important factor in smooth and efficient conversation. We report a technique to increase utterance speed and that might improve a speaker’s impression and information efficiency in conversation. We used a visual display consisting of optic flows in a large visual field that induced participants’ illusory self-motion perception (vection). The speed of vection corresponded to the speed of the optic flows. Using this method, we investigated whether vection speed affec...
Seno, Takeharu; Ihaya, Keiko; Yamada, Yuki
Speed of utterance is an important factor in smooth and efficient conversation. We report a technique to increase utterance speed and that might improve a speaker's impression and information efficiency in conversation. We used a visual display consisting of optic flows in a large visual field that induced participants' illusory self-motion perception (vection). The speed of vection corresponded to the speed of the optic flows. Using this method, we investigated whether vection speed affects ...
Kwon, Suk-Bong; Kim, Hoirin
This paper suggests utterance verification system using state-level log-likelihood ratio with frame and state selection. We use hidden Markov models for speech recognition and utterance verification as acoustic models and anti-phone models. The hidden Markov models have three states and each state represents different characteristics of a phone. Thus we propose an algorithm to compute state-level log-likelihood ratio and give weights on states for obtaining more reliable confidence measure of recognized phones. Additionally, we propose a frame selection algorithm to compute confidence measure on frames including proper speech in the input speech. In general, phone segmentation information obtained from speaker-independent speech recognition system is not accurate because triphone-based acoustic models are difficult to effectively train for covering diverse pronunciation and coarticulation effect. So, it is more difficult to find the right matched states when obtaining state segmentation information. A state selection algorithm is suggested for finding valid states. The proposed method using state-level log-likelihood ratio with frame and state selection shows that the relative reduction in equal error rate is 18.1% compared to the baseline system using simple phone-level log-likelihood ratios.
Protection to ecology and biodiversities is a challenge before us. Environment friendly chemistry is a need of the time, which will certainly reduce or eliminate hazardous elements of the environment. The seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry will pave a way that will lead to extensive use of green chemistry concept. The brain storming session of the seminar shall have a impact on research and development in this area. The souvenir certainly reflects the novel ideas in the area. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately
Full Text Available This study extended the research on the scaffolding provided by mothers while reading picture books with their children from a focus on conversational styles related to labeling to a focus on those related to agents and actions to clarify the process by which language develops from the one-word to the syntactic stage. We clarified whether mothers decreased the degree of scaffolding in their initiation of conversations, in the responses to their children’s utterances, and in the choice of referential ranges of their utterances. We also investigated whether maternal conversational styles contributed to the development of their children’s vocabularies. Eighteen pairs of Japanese mothers and their children were longitudinally observed when the children were 20 and 27 months of age. The pairs were given a picture book depicting 24 animals engaged in everyday behavior. The mothers shifted their approach in the initiation of conversation from providing to requesting information as a function of their children’s age. The proportion of maternal elaborative information-seeking responses was positively correlated with the size of their children’s productive vocabulary. In terms of referential choices, mothers broadened the range of their references as their children aged. In terms of the contribution of maternal conversational styles to children’s vocabulary development, the use of a maternal elaborative information-seeking style when the children were 20 months of age predicted the size of the children’s productive vocabulary at 27 months. These results indicate that mothers decrease the degree of scaffolding by introducing more complex information into the conversations and transferring the role of actively producing information to their children by requesting information as their children develop. The results also indicate that these conversational styles promote the development of children’s vocabularies during the transition from the one-word to the syntactic stage.
Alexandrov Oleg Anatolievich
Full Text Available The present article summarizes the results of the fieldwork of the Russian Germans dialects of the Tomsk Region and sets two main goals: it asserts that metalinguistic utterances of Russian Germans can be used for dialectical studies as a source of data; on the other hand it reveals its potential as a source for description of dialects in Siberia.
Fabio Elias Verdiani, Tfouni.
Full Text Available O presente trabalho - situado no campo da Análise do Discurso de Pêcheux (AD), numa interface com a psicanálise - trata o interdito e o silêncio como constitutivos e fundadores do discurso. A lógica subjacente é a lógica lacaniana segundo a qual o excluído ou a contradição funda o possível. Para tal [...] tarefa usamos as quatro modalidades da lógica alética aristotélica e tratamos o quadrado lógico. Propomos e construímos um quadrado do dito e da enunciação. As análises de alguns enunciados indicam a presença do impossível na linguagem, e atestam a importância, bem como a pertinência, de um tratamento modal da linguagem. Abstract in english Within the field of Discourse Analysis (Pêcheux) and psychoanalysis, this work states interdiction and silence as constituents and founders of the discourse. In short, we claim that what makes it possible to say anything is that it is not possible to say it all, so something must remain unsaid. The [...] logic principle here is that the contradiction, the excluded founds the possible. For such task we use the logic square. We also propose and build a square of the saying or of the utterances. The analysis made here points toward the existence of the impossible in language, and also indicates how important a modal approach of language can be.
Assessment of awareness amongst school teachers regarding prevention and emergency management of dentoalveolar traumatic injuries in school children in Pune City, before and 3 months after dental educational program.
Karande, Namrata; Shah, Preetam; Bhatia, Mitali; Lakade, Laxmi; Bijle, Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed; Arora, Nitin; Bhalla, Monika
Children have boundless energy, so, they are continuously engaged in some or the other physical activity. It is seen that when child reaches school age, accidents in the school environment in the form of falls, injuries due to contact sports, fights, abuse, etc. are very common and the main cause of traumatic dental injuries. Trauma may vary from minor enamel chipping or avulsion to extensive maxillofacial damage, more serious neck and brain injury, which may cause pain, disfigurement and mental agony, having immediate and long lasting effects. In such cases, a school teacher is in the right position to handle such an emergency and refer the child to the concerned dental surgeon or a pedodontist for further needful care. The main reason for delayed treatment of dental trauma is that people present at the site of injury are unaware of protocol of rapid and appropriate management leading to improper first aid treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of a group of school teachers from different schools about the prevention and emergency management of dental trauma in school children, by means of a questionnaire. Then educating them and reassessing their knowledge after a period of 3 months. Unfortunately, the public is unaware of the risks and does not have enough information about first aid emergency treatment or to avoid traumatic injuries. PMID:23404018
Décio Orlando Soares da, Rocha.
Full Text Available O presente artigo centra-se na análise de um questionário aplicado, por ocasião de um programa de treinamento, a um grupo de trabalhadores responsáveis pela supervisão das atividades de operários numa fábrica de produção de pneus situada no Brasil. O questionário deveria revelar o "estilo de lideran [...] ça" exercido por cada chefe de equipe, sendo consideradas cinco diferentes possibilidades: os estilos autocrata, demagógico, demissionário, mediador e participativo. O perfil participativo é visto pelo autor do questionário como "o mais adequado", uma vez que promoveria a conciliação entre os objetivos pessoais dos operários e os objetivos industriais. Com base numa concepção polifônica dos enunciados negativos, a análise realizada permitiu concluir que, além dos cinco estilos previstos no questionário, um sexto perfil se deixa entrever, o qual parece coincidir com" a voz da empresa". A presença desse sexto perfil explicita a pluralidade e complexidade dos saberes que se atualizam no contexto das interações em situação de trabalho. Abstract in english This paper focuses on the analysis of a written questionnaire administered to a group of foremen working in a tyre factory in Brazil. The questionnaire is designed to reveal the" style of leadership" carried out by each member of the group, among five possible variants: autocratical, demagogical, re [...] signing, mediative and participative. The participative profile is seen by the author of the questionnaire as "the adequate one", in as much as it harmonises workmen’s personal and organisational interests. On the basis of a polyphonic conception of negative utterances the case is made for a more complex view of the questionnaire: beyond the five profiles critically antecipated, a sixth one is contemplated, which seems to coincide clearly with what we call "the voice of the organisation", putting forward different kinds of knowledge in the context of interactions at work.
Principios de Desarrollo Profesional Docente construidos por y para Profesores de Ciencia: una propuesta sustentable que emerge desde la indagación de las propias prácticas / Principies of Teacher Professional Development built by and for Science Teachers: a sustainable proposal that emerges from the inquiry of self-practices / Principios de desenvolvimento profissional docente construidos por e para professores de Ciencias: uma proposta sustentável que emerge a partir da indagação das próprias práticas
Corina, González-Weil; Melanie, Gómez Waring; Germán, Ahumada Albayay; Paulina, Bravo González; Exequiel, Salinas Tapia; Damián, Avilés Cisternas; José Luis, Pérez; Jonathan, Santana Valenzuela.
Full Text Available A transformação das práticas dos docentes na área das ciências, tanto a escolar como a universitária (incluindo formação inicial), constitui uma necessidade urgente se pretendemos alfabetizar científicamente a população. Mostra uma proposta de 5 principios para o desenvolvimento profissional docente [...] em ciências, a partir da indagação colaborativa das práticas de um grupo de docentes de educação primária, secundária e universitária que trabalha, conjuntamente, em um processo de desenvolvimento profissional, há quatro anos. Esses principios incluem a construção de uma visão comum sobre o para que ensinar ciencias, sobre a indagação das práticas a partir das particularidades da educação cientifica, sobre a reflexão individual e coletiva a cerca de tais práticas, sobre a valoração da autoridade da experiencia para a aprendizagem docente e sobre a promoção de um ambiente de desenvolvimento profissional que envolva uma diversidade de contextos e niveis de ensino. Abstract in spanish La transformación de las prácticas de los docentes en el área de ciencias, tanto a nivel escolar como universitario (incluida la formación inicial), constituye una necesidad urgente si pretendemos alfabetizar científicamente a la población. Este estudio muestra una propuesta de cinco principios para [...] el desarrollo profesional docente en ciencias, que emergen desde la indagación colaborativa de las propias prácticas de un conjunto de docentes de educación primaria, secundaria y universitaria, quienes trabajan hace cuatro años en un proceso de desarrollo profesional conjunto. Estos principios incluyen la construcción de una visión común acerca del para qué enseñar ciencias, la indagación de las prácticas a partir de las particularidades de la educación científica, la reflexión individual y colectiva sobre las prácticas, la valoración de la autoridad de la experiencia para el aprendizaje docente y la promoción de un ambiente de desarrollo profesional que involucre diversidad de contextos y niveles de enseñanza. Abstract in english The transformation of teaching practices in the area of sciences, both at school and university levels (including initial training), is an urgent need if we intend to achieve scientific literacy in the population. This study shows a proposal of five principles for teacher professional development in [...] sciences, emerged from the collaborative inquiry of self-practices in a group of primary, secondary and university teachers, who have been working together for four years in a professional development process. These principles include the construction of a common vision on the purpose for teaching sciences; the inquiry of practices starting from the distinctive features of scientific education; individual and collective reflection on practices; the valuation of the authority of experience for teacher learning; and the promotion of an environment of professional development involving diverse contexts and teaching levels. Implications for professional development are discussed.
Young, F.; Siegel, Edward Carl-Ludwig
(so MIScalled) "complexity" with INHERENT BOTH SCALE-Invariance Symmetry-RESTORING, AND 1 / w (1.000..) "pink" Zipf-law Archimedes-HYPERBOLICITY INEVITABILITY power-spectrum power-law decay algebraicity. Their CONNECTION is via simple-calculus SCALE-Invariance Symmetry-RESTORING logarithm-function derivative: (d/ d ?) ln(?) = 1 / ? , i.e. (d/ d ?) [SCALE-Invariance Symmetry-RESTORING](?) = 1/ ? . Via Noether-theorem continuous-symmetries relation to conservation-laws: (d/ d ?) [inter-scale 4-current 4-div-ergence} = 0](?) = 1 / ? . Hence (so MIScalled) "complexity" is information inter-scale conservation, in agreement with Anderson-Mandell [Fractals of Brain/Mind, G. Stamov ed.(1994)] experimental-psychology!!!], i.e. (so MIScalled) "complexity" is UTTER-SIMPLICITY!!! Versus COMPLICATEDNESS either PLUS (Additive) VS. TIMES (Multiplicative) COMPLICATIONS of various system-specifics. COMPLICATEDNESS-MEASURE DEVIATIONS FROM complexity's UTTER-SIMPLICITY!!!: EITHER [SCALE-Invariance Symmetry-BREAKING] MINUS [SCALE-Invariance Symmetry-RESTORING] via power-spectrum power-law algebraicity decays DIFFERENCES: ["red"-Pareto] MINUS ["pink"-Zipf Archimedes-HYPERBOLICITY INEVITABILITY]!!!
Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F
This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…
José Américo Bezerra, Saraiva; Ricardo Lopes, Leite.
Full Text Available Este artigo assume como referencial teórico os postulados da Semiótica Discursiva, mormente na sua versão Tensiva (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), que concebe o discurso como um campo de presença dotado de um centro sensível e de horizontes a partir dos quais as grandezas semióticas [...] são moduladas em termos de presença e ausência, ou seja, um campo no qual as grandezas se tonificam ou se atonizam em relação a uma instância de natureza proprioceptiva. Nosso objetivo é analisar três notas jornalísticas com o propósito de acompanhar as modulações da presença da enunciação no enunciado. Supomos inicialmente que estas modulações promovem a tensão entre isotopias concorrentes, repercutem no grau de sua profundidade e, nestas notas, especificamente, geram um efeito metafórico graduável em termos de modo de existência semiótica. Os exemplos analisados mostram a necessidade de adotar um tratamento mais complexo para as relações entre enunciação e enunciado, sobretudo se quisermos levar em consideração a tensão entre estas duas instâncias, sempre regulada pelos modos de existência semiótica. Abstract in english This paper's theoretical framework concerns the Discourse Semiotics' assumptions, primarily its Tensive version (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), which conceives the discourse as a field of presence, endowed with a sensitive core and horizons from which semiotic magnitudes are modula [...] ted in terms of presence and absence, i.e. a field in which magnitudes become tonic or atony regarding a proprioceptive nature instance. Our goal is to analyze three newspaper notes in order to monitor utterance presence modulations in a sentence. This study initially assumes that those modulations promote tension between co-occurring isotopies, impact their degree of depth, and specifically in these notes, they cause a gradable metaphoric effect in terms of semiotic existence mode. Examples analyzed here show the need for adopting a more complex treatment for relationships between utterance and sentence, mainly if one desires to consider the tension between both instances - always governed by semiotic existence modes.
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Wayne, Andrew J.
When discussing the teacher quality gap, policy makers have tended to focus on teacher certification, degrees, and experience. These indicators have become key benchmarks for progress toward equality of educational opportunity, in part for lack of additional teacher quality indicators. This article turns attention to teachers' academic skills. National data on teachers' entrance examination scores and college selectivity reveal substantial disparities by school poverty level. The findings com...
The paper is concerned with the 'edge of intonation' in a twofold sense. It focuses on utterance-final F0 movements and crosses the traditional segment-prosody divide by investigating the interplay of F0 and voiceless fricatives in speech production. An experiment was performed for German with four types of voiceless fricatives: /f/, /s/, /?/ and /x/. They were elicited with scripted dialogues in the contexts of terminal falling statement and high rising question intonations. Acoustic analyses show that fricatives concluding the high rising question intonations had higher mean centres of gravity (CoGs), larger CoG ranges and higher noise energy levels than fricatives concluding the terminal falling statement intonations. The different spectral-energy patterns are suitable to induce percepts of a high 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the questions and of a low 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the statements. The results are discussed with regard to the possible existence of 'segmental intonation' and its implication for F0 truncation and the segment-prosody dichotomy, in which segments are the alleged troublemakers for the production and perception of intonation.
Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Yoder, Paul J; Hochman, Julia M.; Watson, Linda R.
This study examined associations between three parent–child engagement states and social communication, expressive language, and receptive language at 8 month follow-up, in 63 preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorder. We extend the literature on supported joint engagement by dividing this state into higher order (HSJE) and lower order types, with HSJE involving greater reciprocity in toy play. We also examined parents’ follow-in utterances that co-occurred with each state. We foun...
Morning-after pill; Postcoital contraception; Birth control - emergency; Plan B ... Emergency contraception most likely prevents pregnancy in the same way as regular birth control pills: By preventing ...
Full Text Available How can teacher development be characterised? In this paper we offer a conceptualisation of teacher development as the enhancement of knowledge and capabilities to function in the activity of a teacher and illustrate with a case study. Our analytic focus is on the development of a science teacher, David, as he engaged in an innovative, collaborative project on learning photonics at a metropolitan secondary school in Australia. Three dimensions of development emerged: technical confidence and competence, pedagogical development and personal agency. We explore the transformative effects of intrapersonal tensions within the teacher’s constitution of his role in the emerging community of enquiry — positioning him in turn as learner, instructor and facilitator. We view the context for David’s actions as a complex and dynamic system and interpret David’s development as arising from his responses to the differences in his emerging roles in the project.
Bruno Focas Vieira, Machado.
Full Text Available Esse artigo pretende evidenciar a importância específica conferida à gramática Des mots à la pensée: essai de grammaire de la langue française, de Damourette e Pichon (1943) para se pensar as bases lógicas do conceito de enunciação. Para cumprir esse objetivo, coloca-se a obra dos gramáticos em diál [...] ogo com elaborações da psicanálise, mais especificamente com conceitos de Jacques Lacan (2007). Busca-se, assim, uma interface entre os campos da linguística e da psicanálise, debruçando-se sobre a dicotomia existente entre os conceitos de sujeito da enunciação e sujeito do inconsciente. A abordagem tecida é eminentemente teórica, confrontando conceitos de cada pensador e buscando compreender os seus respectivos pontos de interseção. Para atingir esse objetivo, buscou-se o estudo sobre a negação em língua francesa elaborada pelos gramáticos Damourette e Pichon (1930) e colocou-a em relação com a dicotomia enunciado-enunciação construída por Lacan (2005) principalmente no Seminário 6: o desejo e sua interpretação. Como conclusão, torna-se claro como a gramática é inevitavelmente atravessada pela subjetividade e pelos fenômenos enunciativos. Abstract in english This article intends to elucidate the specific importance of Damourette and Pichon´s grammar Des mots à la pensée: Essai de grammaire de la langue française (1943) in order to think the logic basis of the utterance act notion. Accordingly, it fosters a dialogue between the grammarians' works and Jac [...] ques Lacan´s psychoanalysis notions. It is thus pursued a link between linguistic and psychoanalytic fields by investigating the existing dichotomy between the subject of an utterance act and the subject of unconcious. The strictly theoretical approach brings the three authors' notions together and attempts to catch their intersection points by compiling the French negation studies in Damourette and Pichon's grammar and relating them to the dichotomy utterance/utterance act posited by Lacan´s (2005) Seminar 6: desire and its interpretation. It concludes by stressing that both subjectivity and utterance act phenomena and grammar are interlaced.
Full Text Available A partir de um corpus de géneros de texto publicitários, rótulos e contrarrótulos de garrafa de vinho e anúncios sobre o vinho, neste trabalho, serão analisados os enunciados injuntivos em ocorrência para averiguar as relações que se estabelecem entre marcas comerciais e consumidores, o tipo de info [...] rmação veiculada e as representações linguisticamente construídas destes sujeitos. Situando-se no âmbito da Teoria do Texto e combinando patamares de análise linguística com a dimensão social, esta investigação convoca ainda o Interacionismo Sociodiscursivo que defende uma perspetiva ontogenética da linguagem, consentânea com uma abordagem discursivo-textual da Linguística. A análise dos dados indica que os domínios sociais ou as atividades envolvidas, publicitária e de produção e de comercialização do vinho, preconizam imagens do consumidor ideal de vinho no que diz respeito à prova de vinho, a um comportamento socialmente adequado e sobre as boas propriedades do vinho. Abstract in english In this paper, we will analyse the occurrence of injunctive utterances in a corpus of genres such as advertising texts, labels and back labels in wine bottles and also advertisements about wine. The purpose of this research is to investigate the relations established between commercial brands and co [...] nsumers, as well as the type of information conveyed and the linguistically constructed representations of these subjects. Within the framework of Text Theory and combining linguistic analysis levels with the social dimension, this research also calls upon Socio-Discursive Interactionism, which defends an ontogenetic perspective of language, consistent with a discursive and textual approach to Linguistics. Data analysis shows that the social domains or the activities involved, namely those of advertising, production and commercialization of wine, support the images of the ideal wine consumer, on what concerns wine tasting, appropriate social behaviour and good properties of the wine.
Borgerding, Lisa A.; Sadler, Troy D.; Koroly, Mary Jo
The impacts of biotechnology are found in nearly all sectors of society from health care and food products to environmental issues and energy sources. Despite the significance of biotechnology within the sciences, it has not become a prominent trend in science education. In this study, we seek to more fully identify biology teachers' concerns about biotechnology instruction and their reported practices. Consistent with the Stages of Concern framework as modified by Hord et al., we investigated teachers' awareness, informational, personal, management, consequences, collaboration, and refocusing concerns about biotechnology teaching by employing a qualitative design that allowed for the emergence of teachers' ideas. Twenty high school life science teachers attending a biotechnology institute were interviewed using an interview protocol specifically designed to target various Stages of Concern. Although the Stages of Concern framework guided the development of interview questions in order to target a wide range of concerns, data analysis employed a grounded theory approach wherein patterns emerged from teachers' own words and were constantly compared with each other to generate larger themes. Our results have potential to provide guidance for professional development providers and curriculum developers committed to supporting initial implementation of biotechnology education. Recommendations include supporting teacher development of biotechnology content knowledge; promoting strategies for obtaining, storing and managing biotechnology equipment and materials; providing opportunities for peer teaching as a means of building teacher confidence; and highlighting career opportunities in biotechnology and the intersections of biotechnology and everyday life.
... Guy's Guide to Body Image Emergency Contraception KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > Birth Control > Emergency Contraception Print A A A ... using emergency contraception. It is also available to teens who are forced to have unprotected sex. Emergency contraception is not recommended for girls who ...
The emergence of and relationship between two notions in personnel evaluation, merit and worth, are traced. How worth should be evaluated, and whether teacher evaluation is worth what it costs are discussed. Limitations of current approaches to teacher evaluation are reviewed, and the potential of a duties-based approach is noted. (SLD)
This paper challenges the view that attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in agriculture are "utterly resistant to persuasion", as Scholderer (2005) humorously suggests in a review of the literature. Methodologically, this is achieved by studying opinions as they emerge in situated interaction (Myers 2004), in casu in focus groups interviews with both GM-experts and lay persons without specific knowledge on GM-crops. The paper analyses the lay persons' responses to persuasive expert utterances as inventive contributions to the discussion, not just as reactions showing either support or rejection. That is, the paper analyses the topoi, the argumentative ‘places', realized by the lay persons in dealing with and making sense of the new knowledge presented by the experts. Finally, the paper identifies the social identities as participants in a public debate, which are enacted by the lay contributions.
Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their consequences to the environment. Emergency Response Centre of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accident and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it serves as an advisory body for the national Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimising the impact on population and the vicinity of NPP. Besides of completion of emergency procedures related to NPPs Bohunice also the first part of procedures for NPP Mochovce and procedures using a new EU code system RODOS. In 2000 UJD focused activities in emergency preparedness area on inspections, approval of on-site emergency plans of nuclear installations, review of emergency transport orders and of-site emergency plans. In accordance with an UJD inspection plan the inspectors of UJD carried out several inspections in area of emergency preparedness at all NPPs. The inspections were focused on checking the emergency exercises, review of preparedness of NPP staff in the area of emergency planning and review of documentation. There were no important insufficiencies revealed during the inspections. During the year 2000 the exercises were performed at all nuclear installations and the emergency transport orders were exercised as well. Testing of communication, preparedness of individual members of emergency headquarters, co-operation, operability of emergency centres and exchange of information were the main tasks of these exercises. In March the emergency exercise at the National Radioactive waste Repository on Mochovce site was performed, in April the emergency transport order of the Slovak Energetic Company was exercised, there was a large scale exercise organised at the NPP Mochovce in May, in October the exercises were organised at VUJE facility in Bohunice and radioactive waste treatment enterprise SE-VYZ. In November large scale on-site exercise was organised at NPP Bohunice and also the emergency transport order of Slovak Railways was exercised. Besides all this two representatives of UJD took part in exercises abroad with aim to acquire new knowledge and experience in area of public relations and information in case of incident or accident oat nuclear facility and also in area of international co-operation. The assistance of European commission continued in frame of so called RAMG project, determined to strengthen the regulatory authority. Thanks to this project UJD obtained computer equipment by which the capacity of the emergency response centre was increased substantially particularly in area of data processing in case of decision making in case of incident or accident at nuclear facility. Upgrading of hardware platform of the emergency response centre enabled the application of information systems (GIS), which contain important pieces of information for decision making (geography, demography, statistic, etc.) in case of incident or accident. Installation of GIS enabled also the extension of data sets transferred from facilities and creation of corresponding database. The co-operation with U.K. in area of emergency planning was finished. Representatives of U.K. assistance declared that the level of emergency preparedness of UJD is high enough and UJD can take a role of teacher for countries where the emergency centres are being built. In the year 2000 a further phase of EU RODOS system implementation continued in the Slovak Republic. First version of RODOS code package was successfully installed. This code will enable to implement the same approach to evaluation of incidents and accident in all European countries. A development and adaptation to conditions of the Sl
This chapter considers hidden teacher effort in educational production and discusses the implications of multiple teacher effort dimensions on optimum incentive contracts in a theoretical framework. The analysis of educational production in a multitask framework is a new and unique contribution of this chapter to the economics of education. We first characterize the first-best and second-best outcomes. The model is extended to address specific questions concerning teacher incentive schemes: W...
Erford, Bradley T.; Lowe, Samantha; Chang, Catherine Y.
The Self-Evaluation Scale--Teacher version, used to assess teacher perceived self-esteem of students, was analyzed. A unidimensional model emerged from exploratory factor analysis, with cautious acceptance of data fit. Reliability and external aspects of validity were supported by the Self-Evaluation Scale--Teacher data.
"It Is Like Putting Fire in the Children's Hands": A Comparative Case Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge of and Beliefs about Education for Democracy in an Established and Emerging Post-Conflict Democracy
Lanahan, Brian K.; Phillips, Michele S.
This report documents and compares two cases of pre-service elementary teachers' beliefs about democracy and education for democracy in the USA and Bosnia and Herzegovina along with contextual factors influencing the similarities and differences among these beliefs. Findings suggest that US pre-service elementary teachers have a…
Navigating Hybridized Language Learning Spaces through Translanguaging Pedagogy: Dual Language Preschool Teachers' Languaging Practices in Support of Emergent Bilingual Children's Performance of Academic Discourse
Gort, Mileidis; Sembiante, Sabrina Francesca
In recent years, there has been a growing interest among policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in early bilingual development and the unique role of the educational setting's language policy in this development. In this article, we describe how one dual language preschool teacher, in partnership with two co-teachers, navigated the…
Oliver, Kevin M.; Stallings, Dallas T.
Blended learning environments that merge learning strategies, resources, and modes have been implemented in higher education settings for nearly two decades, and research has identified many positive effects. More recently, K-12 traditional and charter schools have begun to experiment with blended learning, but to date, research on the effects of…
Diabetic Emergencies It is estimated that more than 20 million people in the United States have diabetes, ... they have it. The best way to prevent diabetic emergencies is to effectively manage the disease through ...
Morning-after pill; Postcoital contraception; Birth control - emergency; Plan B ... Emergency contraception most likely prevents pregnancy in the same way as regular birth control pills: By preventing or delaying ...
... Prevention Week National Prescription Drug Take-Back Day Emergency Checklist If someone may have been poisoned, call ... may save you from a visit to the emergency room. Below is a checklist to help you ...
Background/Context: This article explores sustainability as an emerging paradigm for preservice preparation of teachers. Sustainability education, which is rooted in Deweyan ideas about the fundamental social purposes of schooling, attends to the tensions created by the interconnectedness of environmental, economic, and social equity systems.…
Chan, Kan Kan
Even though dynamic geometry software (DGS) is becoming an emergent instructional tool for mathematics teachers, many teachers are still in the process of consideration about whether to use it. In order to encourage teachers to use DGS, this study seeks to discover mathematics teachers' salient beliefs about the use of DGS in mathematics class.…
Safari, Parvin; Rashidi, Nasser
The teacher education field has recently undergone dramatic changes leading to a shift of focus from transmission models towards alternative approaches and theories that emerged in the post-transmission era addressing sociocultural, political, ideological, and critical issues. Despite worldwide changes in teacher education programs, it seems that…
Hardre, Patricia L.; Sullivan, David W.; Roberts, Natasha
This paper extracts and elaborates rural secondary teachers' most effective reported motivating strategies. From the data generated by two years of mixed method research in rural secondary schools, these strategies emerged as among the most successful. Selection of best practices was based on a synthesis of what both teachers and students reported…
Richard D. Sawyer
Full Text Available The following narratives examine three teachers over a course of ten years as they first entered teaching and began to collaborate with other teachers on curriculum. Specifically, the study examines how the teachers 1 developed as collaborators and 2 perceived elements of support from both within and outside the classroom for their collaborative efforts. The article argues that the successful collaborative efforts helped deepen their sense of agency and initiative within their teaching and, to a lesser degree, stimulated reform and change within their schools. In turn and to varying degrees, the process of collaboration supported their personal renewal in their work. The article suggests that structural support for these teachers that connected to their emerging personal practical knowledge was crucial for their development as teacher collaborators. The article concludes by suggesting how schools may be restructured to start to become sites of authentic leadership that build on the talents, meaning, voice, and knowledge of teachers.
Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha
Full Text Available Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL, especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal and extrinsic (environmental motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.
Salek, Charles Jerrold
For principals to help teachers improve the quality of their instructions, this author suggests that judgmental attitudes must be completely eradicated. In the place of evaluation, non-directive supervisory conferencing is suggested. This article describes the technique. (Editor)
Goff, Wendy; Veresov, Nikolai
Sharada Gade, in drawing on her long association with a mathematics teacher in Sweden, theorises the complexities of the teacher-researcher collaboration as an expansive learning activity that has developed over time. In this paper, an alternate reading of the teacher-researcher collaboration is offered, one that adds to the analysis provided by Gade, but which draws on the conceptual lens of the cultural interface. We build on Gade's theorising by further explicating the relational space that emerges when teachers and researchers come together. We argue that it is the emergence of this space that can restrain or facilitate the trajectory of collaboration.
Johnson, Elizabeth K.; Seidl, Amanda; Tyler, Michael D.
Past research has shown that English learners begin segmenting words from speech by 7.5 months of age. However, more recent research has begun to show that, in some situations, infants may exhibit rudimentary segmentation capabilities at an earlier age. Here, we report on four perceptual experiments and a corpus analysis further investigating the initial emergence of segmentation capabilities. In Experiments 1 and 2, 6-month-olds were familiarized with passages containing target words located...
Michael K. Barbour; Charles R. Graham; Abigail Hawkins
Virtual schooling is a recent phenomenon in K-12 online learning. As such, the roles of the online teachers are emerging and differ from those of the traditional classroom teacher. Using qualitative interviews of eight virtual high school teachers, this study explored teachers’ perceptions of their online teaching role. Teachers expressed a sense of disconnection from their students, the profession, and their peers as a result of limited interactions due to significant institutional barriers....
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Giselle de Souza Paula
Full Text Available In this paper we focus our attention on the Supervised Internship teacher`s practice, specifically in relations established between the individuals involved (professor, schools, and students, seeking to identify papers about this subject as the approaches to the students of the school and the school-teacher’s role in this process. We identified a school teacher’s lack of knowledge and also a lack of appreciation of their practice and related it to the prospect of silencing in Discourse Analysis of the French Line – DA. We affiliate this silence to its historicity seeking clues on the construction of this discourse. We conclude that the naturalized absence of the school-teachers and of their knowledge in the education of the future teachers is produced by academy speeches that ignore them and silence about them. Also formed on this basis, the teacher of basic education builds his senses, for example, perceiving himself absent from the process, assuming a position and, consequently, a role that placed him in silence, even after the emergence of a new discourse produced from practice valuation in the initial teacher education.
Part-time teacher of primary English needed from 1st December 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: firstname.lastname@example.org or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before November 20th. English National Programme - Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire
Mitra, Niloy J.
Emergence refers to the unique human ability to aggregate information from seemingly meaningless pieces, and to perceive a whole that is meaningful. This special skill of humans can constitute an effective scheme to tell humans and machines apart. This paper presents a synthesis technique to generate images of 3D objects that are detectable by humans, but difficult for an automatic algorithm to recognize. The technique allows generating an infinite number of images with emerging figures. Our algorithm is designed so that locally the synthesized images divulge little useful information or cues to assist any segmentation or recognition procedure. Therefore, as we demonstrate, computer vision algorithms are incapable of effectively processing such images. However, when a human observer is presented with an emergence image, synthesized using an object she is familiar with, the figure emerges when observed as a whole. We can control the difficulty level of perceiving the emergence effect through a limited set of parameters. A procedure that synthesizes emergence images can be an effective tool for exploring and understanding the factors affecting computer vision techniques. © 2009 ACM.
IN URGENT NEED OF A DOCTOR GENEVA EMERGENCY SERVICES GENEVA AND VAUD 144 FIRE BRIGADE 118 POLICE 117 CERN FIREMEN 767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 01-251-51-51 Patient not fit to be moved, call family doctor, or: GP AT HOME, open 24h/24h 748-49-50 Association Of Geneva Doctors Emergency Doctors at home 07h-23h 322 20 20 Patient fit to be moved: HOPITAL CANTONAL CENTRAL 24 Micheli-du-Crest 372-33-11 ou 382-33-11 EMERGENCIES 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL 6 rue Willy-Donzé 372-33-11 MATERNITY 32 bvd.de la Cluse 382-68-16 ou 382-33-11 OPHTHALMOLOGY 22 Alcide Jentzer 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 MEDICAL CENTRE CORNAVIN 1-3 rue du Jura 345 45 50 HOPITAL DE LA TOUR Meyrin EMERGENCIES 719-61-11 URGENCES PEDIATRIQUES 719-61-00 LA TOUR MEDICAL CENTRE 719-74-00 European Emergency Call 112 FRANCE EMERGENCY SERVICES 15 FIRE BRIGADE 18 POLICE 17 CERN FIREMEN AT HOME 00-41-22-767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 04-72-11-69-11 All doctors ...
Weitze, Charlotte Lærke
This paper presents findings from a longitudinal design-based research project examining how to enable reflection and pedagogical innovation in teacher teams. The article identifies and analyses the teachers’ learning trajectories and innovative strategies when working together in the IT-pedagogical Think Tank for Teacher Teams (after this: ITP4T) (Weitze, 2014a), a competence development model, which was developed in an earlier phase of the research project. By using theoretical lenses from innovative knowledge development frameworks to examine the teachers’ utterances, interactions and new learning designs, the research aims to clarify what kind of knowledge is being developed and shared in the teacher teams, and how this contributes to the organisational learning process. The context is Global Classroom, an innovative synchronous hybrid videoconference concept, where adult students can choose between participating in class on campus or from home via videoconference on a daily basis. The ITP4T model is a response to the needs and challenges the teachers and the organisation at VUC Storstrøms´ Global Classroom have been experiencing in this new teaching environment. The teachers find that they need to be pedagogically innovative when teaching in this learning environment, particularly when aiming to create equal learning conditions for the students in class and at home; in other words, they need to reframe their learning designs. The ITP4T model thus aims at creating a continuous practise for the teachers to be able to create their own competence development in teams in which the manager participates. The use of this new practice inside the school empowered the teachers in the organisation and created a new organisational learning design, which can innovate, help unravel complex questions, create new organisational knowledge and anchor new knowledge and practises. The teachers became both their own and the organisation’s continuous competence developers when working in this learning design/innovative model. Theyexperienced this as an efficient way of working which made them feel empowered.
The Le Rosey Institute at Rolle (autumn and spring) and Gstaad (winter) is looking for part-time language teachers of ?Bulgarian, Farsi, Hindi, Korean and Romanian for the start of the autumn term in September 2007. For further details, please contact : www.rosey.ch Please send applications with CVs to email@example.com
This article is an investigation into G. E. M. Anscombe's suggestion that there can be cases where belief takes a personal object, through an examination of the role that the activity of teaching plays in Anscombe's discussion. By contrasting various kinds of "teachers" that feature in her discussion, it is argued that the best way of…
Emerging viruses are those "whose incidence in humans has increased in the past 2 decades or threatens to increase in the near future." This week's Topic in Depth focuses on sites related to viruses, particularly those that are considered "emerging."The first site (1) is an essay by Alison Jacobson of the University of Capetown that discusses some emerging and potentially emerging viruses, along with factors that contribute to the threat. From a US government interagency working group, the second report (2) focuses on the responses to infectious disease outbreaks, including drugs, vaccines, and government response. A World Health Organization site (3) highlights recent reports of infectious disease, archived by date and by disease. This ThinkQuest site (4) gives a basic introduction to viruses and how they cause infections. An online virology tutorial (5) by Ed Rybicki of the University of Cape Town serves as a lesson on the basics of virology for a more advanced student. The next two sites focus on the specifics of selected viruses. From the Institute for Molecular Virology (6) comes a resource on Marburg and Ebola viruses, and from the National Biological Information Infrastructure (7) is a site on West Nile Virus. The last resource (8) is a scholarly journal from the Centers for Disease Control that presents some of the latest scientific research on emerging diseases.
The nuclear activities are exercised so as to prevent the accidents. They are subjected to a rule whom application is controlled by the Asn. The risk of grave accident is so limited to a very low level of probability. He cannot be however completely pushed aside. The expression ' radiological emergency situation ' indicates a situation which ensues from an incident or of an accident risking to lead to an emission of radioactive materials or a level of radioactivity susceptible to strike a blow at the public health. The term ' nuclear crisis ' is used for the events which can lead to a radiological emergency situation on a nuclear basic installation or during a transport of radioactive materials. The preparation and the management of emergency situations, that they are of natural, accidental or terrorist origin, became a major concern of our society. We propose you of to know more about it in this file. (N.C.)
Full Text Available Emergency contraception refers to any device or drug that is used as an emergency procedure to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse.The first method of emergency contraception was high dose of estrogen. Concern about side effects led to subsequent development of the so-called Yuzpe regimen which combined ethinil estradiol with levonorgestrel and levonorgestrel alone. Less convenient to use is the copper intauterine contraceptive device.It is known that in some women sexual steroids may inhibit or delay ovulation and may interfere with ovum and sperm transport and implantation. Copper intrauterine device causes a foreign-body effect on the endometrium and a direct toxic effect to sperm and blastocyst.The Yuzpe regimen reduces the risk of pregnancy after a single act of sexual intercourse by about 75% and the levonorgestrel alone by about 85%. The copper intrauterine device is an extremely effective method for selected patients.Nausea and vomiting are common among women using the Yuzpe regimen and considerably less common among women using levonorgestrel alone regimen.Emergency contraception is relatively safe with no contraindications except pregnancy. It is ineffective if a woman is pregnant. There is no need for a medical hystory or a phisical examination before providing emergency contraceptive pills. They are taken long before organogenesis starts, so they should not have a teratogenic effect.Counseling should include information about correct use of the method, possible side effects and her preferences for regular contraception.Unintended pregnancy is a great problem. Several safe, effective and inexpensive methods of emergency contraception are available including Yuzpe regimen, levonorges-trel-only regimen and copper intrauterine device.
Full Text Available The emerging markets are winning the currency war, because at this very moment its the battle of global financial institutions , as to who is more vulnerable and more exposed to the debt crisis and have their hands in more risky assets. US and Euro with their intertwining the financial stuff of the nation, the banks and the corporations are in a deep mess. One goes down, takes the other ones too. Right now , they all are struggling and getting beaten up , while the emerging markets are quiet and not really expressing their stands on the current situation except are reacting by all only putting their own houses in order.
We discuss the possibility that spacetime geometry may be an emergent phenomenon. This idea has been motivated by the Analogue Gravity programme. These are systems where the kinematics of small perturbations are dominated by an effective gravitational field. In these models there is no obvious connection between the "gravitational" field tensor and the Einstein equations, as the emergent spacetime geometry arises as a consequence of linearising around some classical field. After a brief introduction on this topic, we present our recent contributions to the field.
This leaflet, which is in the form of a fold-up chart, has panels of text which summarize the emergencies that could arise and the countermeasures and emergency plans that have been prepared should nuclear accident occur or affect the United Kingdom. The levels of radiation doses at which various measures would be introduced are outlined. The detection and monitoring programmes that would operate is illustrated. The role of NRPB and the responsible government departments are set out together with an explanation of how the National Arrangements for Incidents involving Radioactivity would be coordinated. (UK)
Carvalho, Carolina; Freire, Sofia; Conboy, Joseph; Baptista, Mónica; Freire, Ana; Azevedo, Mário; Oliveira, Teresa
Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. Aim: In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Method: Three low-achieving, secondary...
Ben B. Akpan
One emerging issue highlighted in a UNESCO booklet (Fensham, 2008, p6)is to draw attention to the need for students to receive science education from able science teachers. The booklet emphasizes that quality science learning time, albeit less, is preferable to the damage done by underequipped science teachers. It also draws attention to the important role of science teacher associations, where its members not only have the insights and experience, but also the interest in helping science tea...
Owen, Susanne; Kos, Julie; McKenzie, Phillip
Workforce planning is essential to ensure sufficient numbers of well-qualified teachers and leaders to meet the emerging needs of schools in the 21st century. Given the current ageing workforce profile in Australia, there are concerns about teacher shortage, especially in some specialist subject areas, in rural and remote locations and in…
Al-Hassan, Omayya; Al-Barakat, Ali; Al-Hassan, Yazid
This research study investigates pre-service teachers' perceptions of their field experience in kindergartens and schools in Jordan. A total of 57 pre-service early years teachers wrote weekly reflective journals describing and commenting on their experiences during placement in kindergartens and elementary schools. Three major themes emerged from…
Luk-Fong, Yuk Yee Pattie; Brennan, Marie
In a time of mass schooling in most parts of the world, the discourse of the "woman primary teacher" is often the subject of discourse. Yet most stories of these women teachers emerge from other (Western) contexts, with little known about how changing education processes affect the gendered identities of women in other cultural settings. This…
The emergency management of nuclear hazards relies on a comprehensive medical care system that includes accident prevention administration, environmental monitoring, a health physics organization, and a medical institution. In this paper, the care organization involved in the criticality accident at Tokai-mura is described, and the problems that need to be examined are pointed out. In that incident, even the expert was initially utterly confused and was unable to take appropriate measures. The author concluded that the members of the care organization were all untrained for dealing with nuclear hazards and radiation accidents. The education and training of personnel at the job site are important, and they are even more so for the leaders. Revisions of the regional disaster prevention plans and care manual are needed. (K.H.)
Harding, Edie; McLain, Barbara; Anderson, Sue
In 1998, the Board of Directors for the Washington State Institute for Public Policy directed staff to study teacher quality. The Institute examined three teacher preparation and development programs covering the early stages of teachers' careers: pre-service teacher preparation, beginning teacher assistance, and professional certification.…
In 1995, major efforts of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) were focused on tasks associated with completion and incorporation of the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of NRA SR in emergency planning and crisis management. Construction of the ERC had begun based on NRA SR's knowledge, as well as recommendations of Regulatory Assistance Management Group (RAMG) International Mission in 1993 and follow-up missions in 1994. Early in 1994, re-construction of selected rooms had been done and early in 1995, supported by the UK and U.S.A. Government's funding, technical equipment was purchased. The equipment was necessary for ERC operation as tools to improve NRA SR readiness for the management of emergency situations at nuclear installations. NRA SR commenced operation of the Centre in April 1995. The Centre has been on-line connected to a teledosimetric system of Radiation Monitoring Laboratory in Trnava. The basic software for assessment of radiation consequences of a NPP accident was supplied were also focused on cooperation with state administration authorities and organizations which were involved in an emergency planning structure. In September 1995, staffing of the ERC was completed and parallel, the first document concerning the ERC prime task, i.e. activities and procedures of of NRA SR Crisis crew in case of an accident at a nuclear installation on the territory of the Slovak Republic, was approved by the NRA SR's Management. In the period that is being assessed, NRA SR made significant progress in events classification and emergency planning terminology in order to unify the above between both the Slovak NPPs
The English Language Programme of the Lycée International de Ferney-Voltaire has two teaching posts available for la rentrée 2001. 1. Part-time teacher of Primary-level English Candidates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree and teaching qualification. The post involves teaching the English curriculum to pupils who are within the French educational system. Classes take place on Tuesday afternoons at the Lycée. Team spirit necessary as teachers work as a team. Induction & training are offered. 2. Part-time teacher of Secondary-level history-geography Candididates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree in history or geography and also a strong interest in the other subject. They should have a relevant teaching qualification and be confident classroom practioners. For more information on either of these posts please contact the school office on 04.50.40.82...
Hassler, Bjoern; Hennessy, Sara; Knight, Simon; Connolly, Teresa
Much of the current literature related to Open Educational Resource (OER) development and practice concentrates on higher education, although a growing body of work is also emerging for the primary and secondary school sectors. This article examines the user perspectives of teachers and teacher educators, regarding: discovery of teaching…
Kim, Hyeonjin; Choi, Hyungshin; Han, Jeonghye; So, Hyo-Jeong
Korean teachers are generally considered well trained to integrate ICT into their teaching since the inception of the first IT Master Plan of Korea in 1996. However, the emergence and adoption of cutting-edge technologies create demands for evolving roles and competencies of teachers in the new knowledge society. Given this changing landscape of…
Phillips, Donna Kalmbach; Larson, Mindy Legard
This study examines the emerging teacher literacy identities of Ian and AJ, two preservice teachers in a graduate teacher education program in the United States. Using a poststructural feminisms theoretical framework, the study illustrates the embodiment of literacy pedagogy discourses in relation to the literacy courses' discourse of…
Israel, Maya; Knowlton, Earle; Griswold, Deborah; Rowland, Amber
Teacher educators must find ways to teach course content situated within realistic K-12 contexts so that their preservice teachers can better understand how to apply that content effectively in situations they will face as professionals. Video-conferencing (VC) technology has emerged as a useful tool in teacher education, evincing a wide range of…
This paper captures and characterises the interplay between a group of student teachers' narratives of social network practice and their emergent professional practice with technologies. Teachers on an Initial Teacher Education programme in the UK spent a semester studying a module that synthesised university-based lectures with a professional…
Schecter, Sandra R.; Parkhurst, Shawn
Over the past few years, teacher research has become increasingly popular both as a movement and as an emerging field. Ideology plays a prominent and underestimated role in the group dynamics and activities of teacher research groups. Treatments of teacher research remain directed mainly at clarifying the content, the status, and the boundaries of…
Tabach, Michal; Levenson, Esther; Barkai, Ruthi; Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina; Dreyfus, Tommy
In light of recent reform recommendations, teachers are expected to turn proofs and proving into an ongoing component of their classroom practice. Two questions emerging from this requirement are: Is the mathematical knowledge of high school teachers sufficient to prove various kinds of statements? Does teachers' knowledge allow them to determine…
Caldarella, Paul; Shatzer, Ryan H.; Richardson, Michael J.; Shen, Jiliang; Zhang, Na; Zhang, Caiyun
Background: Research on teacher perceptions of student behavior problems is relatively recent in the People's Republic of China. Although some findings are consistent with research in Western settings, interesting differences have emerged. A question that has yet to be examined is the role of teacher and student gender in teachers' perceptions of…
Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin–statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must “emerge” for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions. -- Highlights: •The spin–statistics theorem is not required for particles on a lattice. •Spin emerges dynamically when spinless fermions have a relativistic continuum limit. •Graphene and staggered fermions are examples of this phenomenon. •The phenomenon is intimately tied to chiral symmetry and fermion doubling. •Anomaly cancellation is a crucial feature of any valid lattice fermion action
Full Text Available There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse. From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel, known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, levonorgestrel alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2 × 0.75 mg 12 hours apart showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5 mg levonorgestrel pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for emergency contraception, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that emergency contraception is considered an off label use and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Mifepristone in doses of 10 or 25 mg is being used successfully as an emergency contraceptive in China, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate in the dosage of 30 mg for emergency contraception up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose levonorgestrel pill with an even higher efficacy. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception are available on the market today with the most widely spread being levonorgestrel in a single dose of 1.5 mg (given as one tablet of 1.5 mg or 2 tablets of 0.75 mg each for administration up to 3 days after unprotected intercourse. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it can only be used for up to 72 hours after UPSI. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25 mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Recently the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM ulipristal acetate in the dose of 30 mg has been introduced in Europe for emergency contraception. It has shown to be more efficacious than levonorgestrel and can be used for up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation.
Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin-statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must "emerge" for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such...
In this work, we propose a novel search strategy for new physics at the LHC that utilizes calorimeter jets that (i) are composed dominantly of displaced tracks and (ii) have many different vertices within the jet cone. Such emerging jet signatures are smoking guns for models with a composite dark sector where a parton shower in the dark sector is followed by displaced decays of dark pions back to SM jets. No current LHC searches are sensitive to this type of phenomenology. We perform a detailed simulation for a benchmark signal with two regular and two emerging jets, and present and implement strategies to suppress QCD backgrounds by up to six orders of magnitude. At the 14 TeV LHC, this signature can be probed with mediator masses as large as 1.5 TeV for a range of dark pion lifetimes, and the reach is increased further at the high-luminosity LHC. The emerging jet search is also sensitive to a broad class of long-lived phenomena, and we show this for a supersymmetric model with R-parity violation. Possibilities for discovery at LHCb are also discussed.
Schwaller, Pedro; Stolarski, Daniel [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland). TH-PH Div.; Weiler, Andreas [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland). TH-PH Div.; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
In this work, we propose a novel search strategy for new physics at the LHC that utilizes calorimeter jets that (i) are composed dominantly of displaced tracks and (ii) have many different vertices within the jet cone. Such emerging jet signatures are smoking guns for models with a composite dark sector where a parton shower in the dark sector is followed by displaced decays of dark pions back to SM jets. No current LHC searches are sensitive to this type of phenomenology. We perform a detailed simulation for a benchmark signal with two regular and two emerging jets, and present and implement strategies to suppress QCD backgrounds by up to six orders of magnitude. At the 14 TeV LHC, this signature can be probed with mediator masses as large as 1.5 TeV for a range of dark pion lifetimes, and the reach is increased further at the high-luminosity LHC. The emerging jet search is also sensitive to a broad class of long-lived phenomena, and we show this for a supersymmetric model with R-parity violation. Possibilities for discovery at LHCb are also discussed.
Schwaller, Pedro; Weiler, Andreas
In this work, we propose a novel search strategy for new physics at the LHC that utilizes calorimeter jets that (i) are composed dominantly of displaced tracks and (ii) have many different vertices within the jet cone. Such emerging jet signatures are smoking guns for models with a composite dark sector where a parton shower in the dark sector is followed by displaced decays of dark pions back to SM jets. No current LHC searches are sensitive to this type of phenomenology. We perform a detailed simulation for a benchmark signal with two regular and two emerging jets, and present and implement strategies to suppress QCD backgrounds by up to six orders of magnitude. At the 14 TeV LHC, this signature can be probed with mediator masses as large as 1.5 TeV for a range of dark pion lifetimes, and the reach is increased further at the high-luminosity LHC. The emerging jet search is also sensitive to a broad class of long-lived phenomena, and we show this for a supersymmetric model with R-parity violation. Possibilit...
According the conception of the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA), and the obtained experience from exercises, and as well as on the basis of recommendations of international missions, the NRA SR started, in 1997 the ERC extension. The new room enable the work for radiation protection group, reactor safety and logistic group separately. At the same time special room was build for work of the NECRA Technical Support Group of the Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents of the SR.This group co-operates closely with ERC while evaluation the situation, and by using the information system of the NRA and database of ERC to generate the conditions of nuclear facilities in once of emergency. Extension of the mentioned rooms was carried out. The financing by the European Union helped to build the project RAMG. In this way the NRA gained a working site which, with its equipment and parameters belongs to the top working sites of regulatory bodies of developed European countries. The NRA preparation of exercise and special staff education was carried out in 1997, for employees of the NRA and members of Emergency Headquarters (EH) for work in ERC in case of nuclear installation accident. The task of education of member of EH was their preparation for carrying out three exercises. These exercises are described. In the area of emergency preparedness, in accordance with inspection plan of the Office, 7 team inspections were carried out in individual localities; in NPP Bohunice, two in NPP Mochovce and one in Bohunice Conditioning Centre for radioactive wastes. Solution of the task of development of science and technology in the area of 'Development of technical and programme means for analyses of accidents and solutions of crisis situations'continued in 1997. Another regulations were elaborated for activity of members of EH of the NRA. The following was was carried out: selection of data for transfer and the following display of the selected data from Technological Information System NPP Bohunice data from Teledosimetric System NPP Bohunice and meteorological data from from Slovak Hydro-meteorological Institute
Full Text Available The teacher in the emerging Indian society has a very pivotal role to play in the social reconstruction and in transmission of wisdom, knowledge and experiences of one generation to another. Children are the potential wealth of a nation. They are always exposed to the information of the teacher. It is therefore necessary to realize that the emerging Indian society can achieve all round development with the help of the teachers who acts as a powerful agency in transmitting its cherished values.
Tecnologías emergentes en la educación: una experiencia de formación de docentes que fomenta el diseño de ambientes de aprendizaje / Technologies émergentes dans l'enseignement: une expérience de formation d'enseignants qui construit le panorama d'environnements d'apprentissage / Emerging technologies in education: a teacher training experience that encourages the design of learning environments
Oscar Rafael, Boude Figueredo.
Full Text Available Este texto describe los resultados obtenidos en una experiencia de formación de docentes, que son estudiantes de la Maestría en Informática Educativa de la Universidad de La Sabana, dentro de la asignatura electiva Tecnologías Emergentes en la Educación, que cuyo objetivo es: "ofrecer al estudiante [...] un espacio de reflexión y conceptualización sobre las principales tecnologías emergentes (TE) y sus usos en la educación". Entre los principales resultados, se encuentra que los estudiantes analizaron, indagaron y reflexionaron sobre las siguientes TE: Computación en la Nube, Inteligencia Colectiva, Mashups de Datos, Webs en Colaboración y Redes sociales. Asimismo, propusieron definiciones desde el punto de vista académico de cada una de ellas y diseñaron ocho ambientes de aprendizaje que integran de forma pedagógica una o varias TE en diferentes contextos educativos. Abstract in english This paper describes the results of a teacher training experience with a group of students taking the elective Emerging Technologies in Education (in the Maestría en Informática Educativa course at Universidad de La Sabana), whose aim is to "offer students a space for reflection and conceptualizatio [...] n on main emerging technologies (ET) and their uses in education". Among the main results, we find that students analyze, investigate and reflect on the following ETs: Cloud Computing, Collective Intelligence, Data Mashups, Collaborative Webs and Social Networks. They also proposed definitions for each of these ETs from the academic point of view, and designed eight learning environments that integrate, in a pedagogical way, one or more ETs in different educational contexts.
Marchant, Gregory J.; David, Kristine A.; Rodgers, Deborah; German, Rachel L.
Current accountability trends suggest an increasing role in state mandates regarding teacher evaluation. With various evaluation models and components serving as the basis for quality teaching, teacher education programs need to recognize the role teacher evaluation plays and incorporate aspects where appropriate. This article makes that case and…
Because they focus on the quality of instruction, teacher evaluations can be powerful catalysts for teacher and school improvement. But today, the typical teacher evaluation consists of a single, fleeting classroom visit by an administrator untrained in evaluation. Often he or she wields a checklist of classroom conditions and teacher behaviors…
Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforaintussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.
Ben Said, Selim
This volume gathers contributions from a range of global experts in teacher education to address the topic of language teacher education. It shows how teacher education involves the agency of teachers, which forms part of their identity, and which they take on when integrating into the teaching community of practice. In addition, the volume explores the teachers' situated practice dynamic negotiation of classroom situations, socialization into the professional teaching culture, and ""on the ground experimentation"" with pedagogical skills/techniques.
Full Text Available The main task of this follow-up study was to describe teachers' expectations, experiences and possible changes in the pedagogical use of ICT. As a part of an ICT development project, three sets of data were gathered from a region in Eastern Finland, by means of questionnaire. A total of 156 teachers of primary and early secondary education returned the questionnaire in 1999, 155 teachers in 2001, and 81 in 2004. The results indicate that teachers have increased their use of various ICT applications (especially data processors, web-browsers, e-mails, and CD-ROMs both in their private lives and in pedagogical practice. Based on their own self-assessment, the teachers' ICT abilities have improved during the project period. Co-operative activities by means of ICT also increased between colleagues. Although teachers saw ICT as helpful for pupils' learning, some sceptical attitudes emerged as well.
Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; Rabe, Thomas; Cheng, Linan
There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI). From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (LNG), known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of UPSI, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, LNG alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2?×?0.75?mg 12 hours apart) showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5?mg LNG pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception (EC) are available on the market today with the most widely spread being LNG in a single dose of 1.5?mg (given as one tablet of 1.5?mg or 2 tablets of 0.75?mg each) for administration up to 3 days (according to WHO up to 5 days) after UPSI. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it is only approved for up to 72 hours after UPSI. This regimen has no effect on the endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation, is not abortive and don't harm the fetus if accidentally taken in early pregnancy. It has no impact on the rate of ectopic pregnancies. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for EC, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that EC is considered an off label use for most IUDs (not for the GynFix copper IUD in the European Union) and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Furthermore IUD-insertion is an invasive procedure and it is required trained providers and sterilized facilities. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25?mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after UPSI, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. While high doses of mifepristone has an effect on endometrial receptivity and will inhibit ovulation if given in the follicular phase and prevent implantation if given in the early luteal phase, low doses such as 10?mg has no impact on the endometrium. Mifepristone does not increase the rate of ectopic pregnancies. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate (UPA) in the dosage of 30?mg for EC up to 5 days after UPSI, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose LNG pill with an even higher efficacy. It has shown to be more efficacious than LNG and can be used for up to 120 hours after UPSI; the difference in efficacy is highest for 0-24 hours, followed by 0-72 hours following UPSI. No VTE has been reported following UPA-administration or any progesterone receptor modulator. No effect on endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation has been observed with doses used for EC. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation. A pre-existing pregnancy must be excluded. Possible contraindications and drug interactions must be considered according to the individual special product informations. PMID:23437846
Robinson, Sarah; Priestley, M.
The concept of teacher agency has emerged in recent literature as an alternative means of understanding how teachers might enact practice and engage with policy (e.g. Lasky, 2005; Leander & Osbourne, 2008; Ketelaar et al., 2012; Priestley, Biesta & Robinson, 2013). But what is agency? Agency remains an inexact and poorly conceptualised construct in much of the literature, where it is often not clear whether the term refers to an individual capacity of teachers to act agentically or to an emergent ‘ecological’ phenomenon dependent upon the quality of individuals’ engagement with their environments (Biesta & Tedder, 2007). In this chapter, we outline the latter conception of agency, developing a conceptual model for teacher agency that emphasizes the temporal and relational dimension of the achievement of agency. Why does this matter? Recent curriculum policy in many countries heralds a [re]turn to the centrality of the teacher in school-based curriculum development. In many cases, this renewed emphasis on teachers is explicitly tied to change agendas, with teachers described as agents of change. And yet such change agentry (Fullan, 2003) and teacher agency more broadly are often circumscribed by features of the contexts within which teachers work – for example accountability mechanisms and other forms of output regulation of teachers’ work – leading to engagement with policy that is often instrumental and blighted by unintended consequences. In the chapter, we illustrate how a detailed understanding of teacher agency and the conditions under which it is achieved offer considerable potential in enabling teachers to engage with curricular policy in more meaningful ways.
van Zee, Emily H.; Hammer, David; Bell, Mary; Roy, Patricia; Peter, Jennifer
This case study documents an example of inquiry learning and teaching during a summer institute for elementary and middle school teachers. A small group constructed an explanatory model for an intriguing optical phenomenon that they were observing. Research questions included: What physics thinking did the learners express? What aspects of scientific inquiry were evident in what the learners said and did? What questions did the learners ask one another as they worked? How did these learners collaborate in constructing understanding? How did the instructor foster their learning? Data sources included video- and audio- tapes of instruction, copies of the participants' writings and drawings, field notes, interviews, and staff reflections. An interpretative narrative of what three group members said and did presents a detailed account of their learning process. Analyses of their utterances provide evidence of physics thinking, scientific inquiry, questioning, collaborative sense making, and insight into ways to foster inquiry learning.
... Public Reporters Librarians Students/Teachers PROGRAMS TOPICS REFERENCES Radiation Information for Students and Teachers Students/Teachers Main ... RadTown USA Careers People and Discoveries History of Radiation Protection Understanding Radiation Related Links Student Teacher Publications ...
Mumthas, N. S.; Blessytha, Anwar
To be a great teacher, more than content knowledge, teacher also needs practical and technical knowledge that contribute to teacher effectiveness. A teacher with high tacit knowledge is usually considered an expert teacher. The purpose of this study is to find out whether teachers with high tacit knowledge give equal preference to the various…
Moore, Felicia M.
Using multiple theoretical frameworks, reflective writings and interviews, this study explores preservice elementary teachers’ emerging identities as science teachers and how this identity is connected to notions of critical agency and a stance toward social justice. The study addresses two central questions pertaining to preservice teachers’ conceptions as “agents of change” and how their perceptions as change agents frame their science teacher identities and understanding of teaching science in urban elementary classrooms. Their identity in the moment as elementary preservice teachers—not yet teachers—influences how they view themselves as teachers and how much agency or power they feel they have as agents of change in science classrooms. Findings suggest that science teacher education must play a more immediate, fundamental and emancipatory role in preparing preservice teachers in developing science teacher identities and a stance toward social justice.
Web-Based New Literacies and EFL Curriculum Design in Teacher Education: A Design Study for Expanding EFL Student Teachers' Language-Related Literacy Practices in an Egyptian Pre-Service Teacher Education Programme
Abdallah, Mahmoud Mohammad Sayed
With the dominance of the Web in education and English language learning, new literacies have emerged. This thesis is motivated by the assumption that these literacies need to be integrated into the Egyptian pre-service EFL teacher education programmes so that EFL student teachers can cope with the new reality of language teaching/learning.…
Danielsson, Anna T.; Warwick, Paul
In the broadest sense, the goal for primary science teacher education could be described as preparing these teachers to teach for scientific literacy. Our starting point is that making such science teaching accessible and desirable for future primary science teachers is dependent not only on their science knowledge and self-confidence, but also on a whole range of interrelated sociocultural factors. This paper aims to explore how intersections between different Discourses about primary teaching and about science teaching are evidenced in primary school student teachers' talk about becoming teachers. The study is founded in a conceptualisation of learning as a process of social participation. The conceptual framework is crafted around two key concepts: Discourse (Gee 2005) and identity (Paechter, Women's Studies International Forum, 26(1):69-77, 2007). Empirically, the paper utilises semi-structured interviews with 11 primary student teachers enrolled in a 1-year Postgraduate Certificate of Education course. The analysis draws on five previously identified teacher Discourses: `Teaching science through inquiry', `Traditional science teacher', `Traditional primary teacher', `Teacher as classroom authority', and `Primary teacher as a role model' (Danielsson and Warwick, International Journal of Science Education, 2013). It explores how the student teachers, at an early stage in their course, are starting to intersect these Discourses to negotiate their emerging identities as primary science teachers.
Correlação entre vocabulário expressivo e extensão média do enunciado em crianças com alteração específica de linguagem / Correlation between expressive vocabulary and mean length utterance in children with language disorder
Debora Maria, Befi-Lopes; Camila de Oliveira, Nuñes; Ana Manhani, Cáceres.
Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar a influência da idade no desempenho lexical e gramatical, e investigar a existência de correlação entre vocabulário expressivo e as medidas de extensão média de enunciado em crianças com alteração específica de linguagem. MÉTODO: participaram do estudo trinta sujeitos com diagnó [...] stico de alteração específica de linguagem, entre 4:0 a 6:11 anos, sendo dez de cada faixa etária. Todos realizaram de forma completa a prova de vocabulário expressivo (ABFW) e de Extensão Média do Enunciado, independente de gênero ou escolaridade. O estudo foi retrospectivo e a coleta de dados se baseou nas filmagens e gravações das provas acima mencionadas. RESULTADOS: o desempenho gramatical não apresentou diferença estatística entre as idades, mas foi observada correlação positiva entre o vocabulário expressivo e o uso de palavras de classe fechada, e entre o vocabulário expressivo e a extensão de palavras por enunciado (p-valor Abstract in english PURPOSE: to check the influence of age on the lexical and grammatical performance, and investigate the correlation between the number of usual verbal description in expressive vocabulary test and measures for mean length of utterance in children with Specific Language Impairment. METHOD: thirty chil [...] dren with Specific Language Impairment between 4:0 and 6:11 year-old took part in the study, and ten were selected from each age range that had the Expressive Vocabulary Test (ABFW) and Mean Length of Utterance Test, independent gender or education. The study was retrospective, based on filming and recordings of those tests as for the data collection. RESULTS: no statistical difference was found in the grammatical performance among ages, but positive correlation was observed among the usual verbal description and parameters MG-2 and EME-P for Mean Length of Utterance Test (p
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Electron page includes resources for teaching students about electrons.
Carbone, Peter F., Jr.
Teachers have a professional need for instruction in philosophy and philosophy of education that must be satisfied by teacher preparation institutions. Educational philosophers should devote some research effort to exploring philosophical contributions to the guidance of practice. (SK)
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Fusion page includes resources for teaching students about the discovery and applications of fusion.
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Combustion page includes resources for teaching students about the chemistry behind combustion.
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Neutron page includes resources for teaching students about neutrons.
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Proton page includes resources for teaching students about protons.
Professional development for teachers is the range of formal and informal processes and activities that teachers engage in both inside and outside of the school, in order to improve their teaching knowledge and skills. The ultimate goal of teacher professional development is improving student learning outcomes. Research indicates that teachers have control over many factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of their students. Therefore, professional development focusin...
On this site you will find the resource needed to teach a German Level I Course. There are links below for lesson plans and a link to the student page. This page is an introductory page for the teacher. Below are four links that will provide teachers with additional resources to use in their classrooms. Teacher Page - Lesson Plans Teacher Page - Resources Student Page - Deutsch Klasse Student WebQuests ...
Emergency Management Institute (EMI) provides a nationwide training program of resident courses and non-resident courses to enhance U.S. emergency management practices. Lists the courses, programs, and activities offered.
Coe, Robert; Aloisi, Cesare; Higgins, Steve; Major, Lee Elliot
This document is a summary of the report "What Makes Great Teaching". It argues that improved teacher development will positively impact on pupil attainment, particular those from disadvantaged backgrounds. "Developing Teachers" presents five policy recommendations which have been signed by 17 of Britain's leading headteachers…
Riley, Roberta D.; Mort, Ken
The intention of this article is to view specific means of meeting teacher needs through Maslow's multiple-factor theory of self-actualization. Under each of Maslow's five headings, a brief explanation of the use of the term and examples of teacher center services fitting under that heading are discussed. (Author)
Full Text Available This study examines a group of prospective teachers’ reflections upon the way they were taught (Set 1 and the way they want to teach (Set 2 through drawings which respectively describe their past learning experiences as students and their future plans as teachers. The purpose of this study is to identify: (a the emerging themes that appear in each set of drawing data, (b the possible factors that influence prospective teachers’ drawings, and (c the implications for mathematics teacher educators. Overall, prospective teachers showed predominantly negative or mixed feelings about their past experiences as mathematics students. In response to their own past negative experiences and struggles, the prospective teachers tended to highlight emotionally supportive classroom environment and versatile instructional teaching strategies in their future plans. This study suggests that this activity of reflecting past experience and planning future teaching assimilates prospective teachers’ identities as math students and math teachers and provides a window into the thinking of others.
Kim, Sungho; Hand, Brian
This multiple case study investigated how six elementary teachers' argumentation discourse patterns related to students' discussions in the science classroom. Four categories of classroom characteristics emerged through the analysis of the teachers' transcripts and recorded class periods: Structure of teacher and student argumentation, directionality, movement, and structure of student talk. Results showed that the differences between the teachers' discourse patterns were related to their modified reformed teaching observation protocol (RTOP) scores and to how the interaction of those differences affected student learning. Teachers with high RTOP scores were more likely to challenge their students' claims, explanations, and defenses and to provide less guidance and more waiting time for their students' responses than teachers with medium- and low-level RTOP scores. Students in the high-level teachers' classes challenged, defended, rejected, and supported each other's ideas with evidence and required less guidance than students in the medium-level and low-level teachers' classes.
Michael K. Barbour
Full Text Available Virtual schooling is a recent phenomenon in K-12 online learning. As such, the roles of the online teachers are emerging and differ from those of the traditional classroom teacher. Using qualitative interviews of eight virtual high school teachers, this study explored teachers’ perceptions of their online teaching role. Teachers expressed a sense of disconnection from their students, the profession, and their peers as a result of limited interactions due to significant institutional barriers. Researchers discuss the implications of this disconnection as well as future avenues for research.
Hetrick, Laura Jean
This doctoral study concerns itself with the emergent identity formation of art student teachers: the knowledge and cultural systems [including TV and movies] through which art teaching identity conceives itself, and the ontological consequences [affects on art student teachers' collective and self (dis)identifications] that evolve from those…
This article investigates the governmentality in the pedagogical systems through the teachers' mission and the corresponding teachers' education in Greece from the construction of the nation/state and for about a century, according to the socio-economical conditions that emerged. It does so in order to analyse the relation of society, the…
Thompson, Greg; Cook, Ian
This paper uses Deleuze and Guattari's concept of faciality to analyse the teacher's face. According to Deleuze and Guattari, the teacher-face is a special type of face because it is an "overcoded" face produced in specific landscapes. This paper suggests four limit-faces for teacher faciality that actualise different mixes of significance and…
Robinson, Thomas E.; Brower, Walter A.
The influence of a good teacher never ends; successful teachers build a kind of immortality through the lives and activities of their students. The authors illustrate these assertions with a personal account of memories voiced by former students at a revered teacher's funeral. (Author/WD)
Zaffini, Erin Dineen
While much discussion and research is focused on the importance of music teacher mentors for preservice teachers and novice in-service music educators, little discussion has been devoted to the topic of how we, as members of the music education profession, can support the role of music teacher mentors. This article explores some of the benefits…
Bass, Ronald E.
Peer and subordinate criticism directed at the beginning industrial arts teacher ultimately leads to teacher failure. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning is used as an analogy to explain how the beginning teacher is conditioned to the norms of teaching, resulting in the loss of his enthusiam and idealism. (DS)
This document outlines a practical teacher evaluation system that avoids the fatal invalidities of present methods. The recommended approach treats teachers as responsible professionals undertaking to perform certain duties while retaining considerable autonomy in discharging them. While teachers acknowledge a need for accountability and…
Mathematics teachers are both more difficult to attract and more difficult to retain than social sciences teachers. This fact is not unique to the United States; it is reported as being a problem in Europe as well (Howson, 2002). In the United States, however, the problem is particularly preoccupying. Because of the chronic teacher shortages and…
Brondyk, Susan; Stanulis, Randi
This is the story of a teacher leader who helped lead change in an urban elementary school by creating a new culture of support for beginning teachers. Specifically, she led focused, collaborative inquiry around discussion-based teaching to improve teaching effectiveness, and she created a school-wide coalition of support for beginning teachers to…
Chua Pei Lin
Full Text Available The rapid development of Information Communication and Technologies (ICTs has made tremendous changes in the twenty-first century. ICT is said to bring a variety of benefits in facilitating the teaching and learning process. Therefore, ICT has been the emphasis in school and higher institutions of education nowadays. However, to integrate ICT in education is not problem free, problems are faced by the teachers. This paper aims to investigate the ESL teachers’ perception toward the use of ICT in KT, Malaysia. Data were collected via interviews with four Form 4 English teachers in a secondary school in Kuala Terengganu. Findings show teachers have a positive perception towards the use of ICT. However, teachers claimed they face challenges in using ICT especially due to insufficient facilities.
Lafrenz, Thomas; Lindberg, SØren Østergaard
The use of designated emergency teams for cardiac arrest and trauma patients is widely implemented. However, the use of designated teams in Danish emergency departments (EDs) has not been investigated. Our aim was to investigate the use and staffing of emergency teams in Danish EDs.
Ria, Luc; Theureau, Jacques; Sève, Carole; Saury, Jacques; Durand, Marc
This paper both presents a framework for analyzing situated emotions and describes the evolution of two teachers' emotions during their first classroom experiences. Based on Peirce's three categories of experience (1931-1935), we categorized teachers' emotions into affective states, sentiments and emotions-types. The principal results show (a) the emotional flow during ordinary teaching situations, (b) the emergence of contradictory emotions related to phenomena of emotional hysteresis betwee...
Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe Agbatogun
In the last two decades, there has been the global clamour for the integration of emerging technologies into school curriculum; hence researchers and educators have had increased focus on technology integration in schools in order to have a shift of paradigm from the teacher-centred to student-centred classroom instruction. This study examined the predictive power of teachers’ perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU), behavioural intention (BI) to use Personal Response System (P...
... need help right away, you should use emergency medical services. These services use specially trained people and ... emergencies, you need help where you are. Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, do specific rescue jobs. They ...
Emergency airway puncture is the placement of a hollow needle through the throat into the airway. It ... Emergency airway puncture is done in an emergency situation, when someone is choking and all other efforts ...
Full Text Available Education without teacher is just like a body without soul, as the quality of citizens depends on the quality of their education and quality of education depends on the quality of teacher. Teacher in the emerging society has a pivotal role in the social reconstruction and in the transmission of wisdom, knowledge and experience of one generation to another. Hence, there is a great need of competent teachers to meet the ever changing demand of the present society. The present study focuses on “An e va l u a ti o n o f p ro fe ssi o n a l competencies among untrained teachers in Rajouri District of Jammu & Kashmir (India. For the present study data have been collected from a sample of 100 teachers without B. Ed, D. Ed and E.T.T and others types of training working in different schools of Rajouri of Jammu and Kashmir. The present study concluded that the teachers appointed without prior teacher training (B. Ed, D. Ed and E.T.T are professionally untrained, don’t meet the challenges of present era of education system and teaching by such teachers is injustice to the students.
Deborah L. Hanuscin
Beginning teachers have much to learn about teaching (Odell 1990), including navigating their own classrooms and learning new school procedures and policies. Mentors can assist beginning teachers in making the difficult transition from student to teacher. Smith and Ingersoll (2004) examined data from a national survey and found that beginning teachers who had the support of mentors and well-planned induction programs experienced increased job satisfaction and self-efficacy. This month's column describes how experienced teachers can be effective mentors and the benefits of a mentor-mentee relationship that can obtained as a result.
Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina) entre 1882 y 1902 / Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina) between 1882 and 1902
Full Text Available En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nac [...] ional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia de una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz. Abstract in english In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the [...] Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.
Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina entre 1882 y 1902 Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina between 1882 and 1902
Full Text Available En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nacional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia de una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz.In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.
Full Text Available En las últimas décadas, el discurso académico se ha convertido en objeto de estudio de numerosas investigaciones que, a partir de diferentes marcos teóricos, se proponen distintos objetivos. Por otra parte, si bien la llamada metáfora ha sido motivo de reflexión teórica desde la antigüedad, en los ú [...] ltimos años la cantidad y variedad de estudios que se han desarrollado y siguen desarrollándose en torno a este objeto de estudio ha aumentado considerablemente. En tal contexto de múltiples propuestas teóricas y metodológicas, este trabajo tiene por objetivo demostrar que, tanto el estudio de la metáfora como el del discurso académico, involucra decisivamente conceptos que no siempre aparecen explicitados. Nos referimos, entre otros, a los conceptos de lengua, sujeto, sentido, sentido literal y sentido metafórico. Por nuestra parte, desde un punto de vista semántico discursivo no referencialista de la lengua (Schulz, 2000; 2002; 2004), recogemos los aportes provenientes del Análisis del Discurso (línea francesa-brasileña). Así, partimos de la definición de discurso como efecto de sentido entre locutores y lo estudiamos en su relación constitutiva con las condiciones de producción. Entendemos que las condiciones de producción y circulación de los textos se materializan en mecanismos discursivos, según las representaciones imaginarias de los sujetos. De acuerdo con esta línea investigativa, finalmente, proponemos caracterizar las llamadas metáforas como construcciones semánticas insertas en una dinámica discursiva y, en este sentido, las redefinimos como enunciados metafóricos. Abstract in english In recent decades academic discourse has changed into an object of study of numerous investigations that, starting from different theoretical frameworks, propose different objectives. n the other hand, if the so-called metaphor has been the motive of theoretical reflection since ancient times, in re [...] cent years the quantity and variety of studies that have been developed and continue to be developed around this object of study have risen considerably. In such a context of multiple theoretical and methodological proposals, this work has as its objective to demonstrate that both the study of metaphor and that of academic discourse decisively involve concepts that don't always appear to be explicitated. We are referring to, among others, the concepts of language, subject, meaning, literal meaning, and metaphorical meaning. or our part, from a semantic discursive non referentialist point of view of language (Schulz, 2000; 2002; 2004) we gather the contributions from Discourse Analysis (the French-Brazilian variety). hus we start from the definition of discourse as a meaning effect between speakers and we study it in its constitutive relationship with the production conditions. e understand that the production conditions and circulation of texts materialize in discursive mechanisms according to the imaginary representations of the subjects. inally in accordance with this investigative line we propose characterizing the so-called metaphors as semantic constructions inserted in discursive dynamics and in this sense, we redefine them as metaphoric utterances.
Gold, Milton J.; Pepin, Bernadette
Using retired teachers as mentors for beginning teachers in New York City has made real differences in the lives of the new teachers, their mentors, the students, and the supervisors in approximately 100 schools. In these schools more than 100 mentors have worked with 500 teachers over a three-year period. The New York City Mentor/New Teacher…
Renata Carneiro Ferreira
Full Text Available Objective: To assess the perception of violence from the reports of teachers of elementary and high school in a public state school in Fortaleza, Ceará. Method: A qualitative descriptive study conducted with 26 teachers, in the period from January to May 2006. To collect the data we adopted the following procedures: the discussion on school violence during the meetings of the teacher training week; the reading of the school regulations and the distribution of an instrument with the guiding question about the concept of violence as from the school reality, among the participants of the study. Afterwards, the thematic analysis of the reports was carried out. Results: Through the reports of teachers emerged the following categories: physical aggression, verbal aggression and fights as the most cited; to hide personal belongings, cursing, shoving and disrespect for the teacher and pranks were also mentioned. Conclusion: From the reports it appears that violence is perceived in physical, dimension moral and symbolic, and these “typologies” corroborate the descriptions found in literature as bullying or incivility, which dominate the school context.
The fourth edition of CERN's High School Teachers programme welcomed 38 teachers to the Laboratory this July. For three weeks the teachers were immersed in the life of CERN, giving them a unique experience to take back to their classrooms. Participants and organisers of the HST 2001 programme. The pupils of the teachers who attended the High School Teachers (HST) programme at CERN will notice a difference when they meet their teachers at the beginning of next term. They'll see a new-found enthusiasm in their eyes, and this will be thanks to the three weeks they spent at the Laboratory attending the summer students' lectures and working with other teachers from around the world. 'This experience fires you up again!,' explains Wim Peeters, a Belgian teacher at CERN for the second time. For many teachers of physics, university is a long time ago. Physics research has moved on, and there are many new things to learn. That's why CERN has the HST, so that teachers can mix with university students in ...
Costs of Emergency Care Fact Sheet Main Points Emergency care represents less than 2 percent of the nation’s $2.4 trillion ... adequately funded. Q. What are the costs of emergency care? The cost of providing emergency care relates ...
Kale, Ugur; Goh, Debbie
Emphasis on 21st Century Skills development has increased expectations on teachers to take advantages of emerging technologies to support student learning. Yet it is not clear whether teachers are well equipped with the necessary skills, support, and positive attitudes toward integrating them in their practices. Even though student-centered…
Wrench, Alison; Garrett, Robyne
This paper focuses on the significance of embodied understandings to the emerging subjectivities and pedagogical practices of pre-service teachers undertaking a Physical Education (PE) specialisation through a B.Ed. (primary/middle). Data from a research project conducted at an Australian university with seven pre-service teachers will be…
This study is intended to deepen our understanding of enactivism, an emergent theoretical paradigm, through empirical exploration of teacher undertakings as digital game creators. Specifically, it explores the affordances and constraints, two important enactivism concepts, of practicing teachers' experiences in designing and developing games for…
Walsh, Christopher S.; Power, Tom; Khatoon, Masuda; Biswas, Sudeb Kumar; Paul, Ashok Kumar; Sarkar, Bikash Chandra; Griffiths, Malcolm
Examples of mobile phones being used with teachers to provide continuing professional development (CPD) in emerging economies at scale are largely absent from the research literature. We outline English in Action's (EIA) model for providing 80,000 teachers with CPD to improve their communicative language teaching in Bangladesh over nine…
Whalen, Carol K.; And Others
Teacher behaviors toward hyperactive boys on methylphenidate (ritalin), toward hyperactive boys on placebo, and toward normal comparison peers were compared. Teachers were more intense and controlling toward hyperactive boys on placebo, but no differences emerged between comparison and medicated groups. Need for broader monitoring of treatment…
This study integrated collaborative problem-based learning (collaborative PBL) with blended learning to explore the emerging process and function of online learning communities among preservice teachers. Thirty-two preservice teachers participated in a 16-week instruction program. Analyses of online group discussions and portfolios found that (a)…
Hue, Ming Tak
This article examines how Hong Kong secondary school teachers define caring and the strategies they adopt for behaviour management. The influence of Taoism, emerging as a theme from the data, was prominent, as its principles were incorporated into the teachers' knowledge of caring. The findings illuminate the influence of Taoism in local schools.…
Hegde, Archana V.; Sugita, Chisato; Crane-Mitchell, Linda; Averett, Paige
This study explored Japanese day nursery and kindergarten teachers' beliefs and practices regarding developmentally appropriate practices. Data were collected using in-depth interviews. Teacher interviews provided insights into the merger of the childcare and education systems of Japan. Six themes emerged from the analysis of the day nursery…
Recent scholarship on male teachers across several national contexts has investigated the dilemmas of hegemonic masculinity for male educators while only recently beginning to examine race as a mediator of masculinity politics in teaching. Conversely, an emergent body of work on Black male teachers has centred analyses of race and culture, but has…
Victor K E Lim
An emerging infection is defined as aninfection that has newly appeared in a population whilea re-emerging infection would be one that has existedin the past but its incidence has increased in recenttimes. The reasons for the emergence or reemergenceof an infection are not completely understood butthey are multifactorial and complex in the nature oftheir interactions. These factors may be related to theetiological organism, the host or the environment.Human activity appears to be a major driv...
Pellicer, Leonard O.; Anderson, Lorin W.
This handbook is written for teachers in leadership roles, including team leaders, lead teachers, department chairpersons, and master teachers. Part 1, "The Nature of School Leadership," is devoted to a description of teacher leaders and how they lead. Results are provided from research on teacher leaders, and persistent obstacles to establishing…
Seasoned principals know that when veteran teachers are replaced by large numbers of teachers new to the profession, student achievement levels are threatened. The influx of new teachers, coupled with consistently high rate of teacher attrition, creates challenges for principals who have the responsibility of bringing new teachers up the…
Teachers need to know a great deal, in many areas and in multiple ways. Teacher knowledge is a complex tapestry, and teachers must successfully weave the multiple threads. In this article, I present a conceptualisation of teacher knowledge that provides a framework for describing the complexity of teacher knowledge. The framework describes three…
Farrell, Thomas S. C., Ed.
The Language Teacher Research Series aims to connect research and practice by highlighting the insights that teachers themselves describe after examining their own practices. This first volume of the five-volume series presents research conducted by language teachers at all levels, from high school English teachers to English language teacher…
This article proposes a set of human rights education standards for classroom teachers and, by implication, outcomes for teacher preparation programs. The discussion includes a brief description of human rights education and concludes with recommendations for teacher preparation programs.
Barnett, George Michael
Current national and state science standards emphasize inquiry as the central strategy to teaching science. Yet, these standards do not give specific prescriptions for how to conduct inquiry in within the context of a K--12 classroom. Fortunately, many teachers are creative and intelligent decision makers who have their own perspectives on and definitions of inquiry and will no doubt attempt to implement inquiry in ways that they feel best benefits their students given the constraints of their context. This study balanced "insider" and "outsider" perspectives to examine how two teachers' conceptions of inquiry changed over time, how those changes evolved, and how these teachers overcame the difficulties inherent with inquiry-based teaching. A naturalistic and interpretive research approach was used to collect and analyze the data. This approached entailed classroom observations, interviews, field notes, and analysis of teachers' journals. Findings indicate that inquiry-based teaching practices are inherently a local phenomenon that emerges within and through the interplay among a teacher's beliefs, student questions and goals, the teacher's goals, and the social context of the teacher's classroom. Results also indicate that teachers' conceptions of inquiry change gradually over time and not as of the result of single critical events or stages and are intimately tied to their teaching context.
The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS). The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that varied in th...
This dissertation examines how Slovene teachers and Slovene teachers in Italy deal with dyslexia - a specific learning disability which mainly affects the development of literacy and skills related to language. The theoretical part focuses on dyslexic students’ difficulties, teachers’ acquisition of knowledge about dyslexia, teaching methods applied to dyslexic students and dyslexia regulations in force in Slovenia and Italy. The empirical part presents the research results relating to teache...
In this article, the author discusses that emerging devices, tools, media and virtual environments offer opportunities for creating new types of learning communities for students and teachers. Examples of learning communities include a national mix of kids working together to create an online encyclopedia about Harry Potter's fictional world, or…
Full Text Available Teaching today is no longer a craft passed on without change from one generation to the next. Teaching as one has seen teaching done, or teaching as one has been taught is the trend of the day. Teacher education is a tentacle in the educational system which has policies and procedures designed to equip prospective teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school and wider community. The main function of teacher education is to develop professionalism in the teacher trainees. The enhancement of teacher quality and professionalism of teachers is in the hands of the teacher educators. Who is a Teacher Educator.? A simple answer would be anyone who educates teachers. In this paper the author has defined a Teacher Educator as one who provides formal instruction and conduct research and development for educating prospective and practicing teachers. Teacher educators provide the professional education component of pre-service programs and the staff development component of in-service programs. The paper discusses the standards for teacher educators set by Association of Teacher Educators, Virgina, USAand its relevance to Indian teacher educators. Some of the areas discussed are teaching, cultural competence, professional development, program development, research etc ,. A more systemic orchestrated approach to selection, preparation, and renewal of teacher educators is the need of the hour. Teacher educators should explore new options for determining their roles and how those roles in working with teacher candidates are to be defined.
Full Text Available The study aimed at examining Iranian (N= 218 and Turkish (N=142 high school EFL teachers’ opinions about teacher autonomy over (a the choice of appropriate teaching methods, strategies and techniques and implementation of the established curriculum (b teacher involvement in decision making processes and (c teachers’ use of personal initiative in solving their work problems. An 11-item questionnaire (?= .758 was used to measure autonomy perceptions of the participants. The results revealed that Turkish teachers’ autonomy perceptions were greater than that of Iranian teachers in the three teacher autonomy dimensions. Moreover, it was observed that male and master- holder teachers perceive less autonomy than female and bachelor-holder ones; whereas, no significant relationship were observed for the age and marital status variables with any teacher autonomy dimensions. Lastly, decision making dimension was the strongest predictor of teacher autonomy among both Iranian and Turkish teachers.
Full Text Available The study aimed at examining Iranian (N= 218 and Turkish (N=142 high school EFL teachers’ opinions about teacher autonomy over (a the choice of appropriate teaching methods, strategies and techniques and implementation of the established curriculum (b teacher involvement in decision making processes and (c teachers’ use of personal initiative in solving their work problems. An 11-item questionnaire (?= .758 was used to measure autonomy perceptions of the participants. The results revealed that Turkish teachers’ autonomy perceptions were greater than that of Iranian teachers in the three teacher autonomy dimensions. Moreover, it was observed that male and master- holder teachers perceive less autonomy than female and bachelor-holder ones; whereas, no significant relationship were observed for the age and marital status variables with any teacher autonomy dimensions. Lastly, decision making dimension was the strongest predictor of teacher autonomy among both Iranian and Turkish teachers.
In the last decade, Finland has emerged as the leading OECD country in educational achievement. In examining the sources of Finland's dramatic rise to the top, research shows one key element that has impacted Finland's success above all others: excellent teachers. This policy brief details the key elements of Finland's successful system, examining…
Shao, Kun; Tamashiro, Roy
In studies conducted in the USA, teacher dispositional factors such as enthusiasm, professional esteem and learning motivation often emerge as the most significant variables affecting student learning and achievement from the primary grades through higher education. Do these factors play as significant a role in student learning and achievement in…
Eiser, Simone; Knight, Bruce Allen
Increasingly, the general media cover new advancements and research in the field of biology. Stem cell research, emerging diseases and bioethics are some of the issues gaining public attention. The rate of increase of these new developments creates additional challenges to teachers of biology as they try to remain abreast of new information and…
Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.
This document consists of the teacher's guide to a module designed to teach high school students entry-level job competencies in the new areas of agriculture that are now emerging. The module, one of a series of publications designed to identify these new competencies, contains 11 instructional units that cover the following topics: trends in…
Alexandrou, Alex; O'Brien, Jim
In the United Kingdom, teachers' professional associations and labor organizations, notably in the form of trade unions have historically been involved in education and training in the workplace. Recently, in the United Kingdom this activity has gained greater credence and importance due to the emergence of trade union learning representatives who…
Horton, Robert; Bryan, Clifford
The relationship between accountability and teacher satisfaction is examined both from the teachers' perceptions of accountability and the concomitant effects. The research was conducted in the Grand Rapids (Michigan) Public School System as part of a larger evaluation of "Experiments in Early Education: A Comparative Assessment of Project…
Fishman, Stephen M.; McCarthy, Lucille
Given the serious social problems confronting Americans and others worldwide, the authors propose that Dewey's 1932 challenge to teachers is worthy of reconsideration by educators at all levels. In times similar to our own, Dewey challenged teachers to cultivate students' capacities to identify their happiness with what they can do to improve the…
Describes a year in which new teachers reflected upon their own formation as learners and teachers. Portrays the transformation and social change that characterize the year in relation to their ideas about English as a school subject and about what constitutes the knowledge they want their pupils to acquire. (PA)
Part of the acceptance speech of the 1985 National Council for the Social Studies Teacher of the Year, this article describes the censorship experience of this honored social studies teacher. The incident involved the showing of a videotape version of the feature film entitled "The Seduction of Joe Tynan." (JDH)
Csaszar, Imre Emeric; Buchanan, Teresa
Early childhood teachers can be relaxed and peaceful as they create playful and harmonious classrooms, even if they work in stressful contexts. However, the stressors faced by teachers may lead to negative consequences that can undermine their ability to sustain personal health and positive interactions. In the absence of positive coping…
Crow, Linda W.; Buckley, Pamela K.
Discusses the use of the Training and Assessment System (TAS), a software program designed to analyze teacher behavior and interaction between teachers and students. A TAS program is described which was conducted at the Houston Community College System to help instructors analyze their classroom interaction; tables depicting the report generated…
Albertson, Larry M.; Kagan, Dona M.
Two studies were conducted to investigate the degree to which occupational stress among teachers could be attributed to personal characteristics of the individuals themselves. The first study developed dispositional stress scales. The second examined correlations between these scales, occupational stress scales, and teachers' attitudes toward…
Allison, Brad; Schumacher, Gary; Hammonds, Craig
This case presents a discussion of events that led to the dismissal of a teacher for cause. A first year high school principal is confronted with teacher behavior that creates a dangerous situation for students. The decision process to determine the appropriate organizational response involves a number of individuals and systems. The…
The Sociedade Brasileira de Cultura Inglesa of Sao Paolo, Brazil, is an English teaching center which also runs an introductory course to train teachers of English. This article describes some of the projects completed by prospective teachers; they include language games, pictures, cartoons, role-playing and writing creative dialogue. (CHK)
Scarratt, Elaine, Ed.; Davison, Jon, Ed.
"The Media Teacher's Handbook" is an indispensible guide for all teachers, both specialist and non-specialist, delivering Media Studies and media education in secondary schools and colleges. It is the first text to draw together the three key elements of secondary sector teaching in relation to media study--the "theoretical", the "practical" and…
A goal of art learning is always independence, for everyone to become their own art teacher. Teaching for artistic independence can never start too early. As art teachers, children acquire confidence in their art, and in coming to school as artists. Children should be considered artists in residence and visiting artists in schools. It makes sense…
Klemm, E. Barbara
Reviews the Teacher-in-Inner-Space (TIS) program of the Hawaii Science Teachers Association (HaSTA). Discusses the selection of winners and runners-up. Describes the dive made on June 9, 1986 in cooperation with the Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL). Lists the three goals of the TIS project. (CW)
Krnjaji? Stevan B.
Full Text Available Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stress in teachers can have negative effects on school as an organization teacher professional achievement, his/her and his/her family psychosocial status. The most frequent symptoms of a prolonged professional stress are anxiety, depression, frustration, unfriendly behavior towards students and colleagues, emotional weariness, and extreme tension. Health and psychological problems cause, most frequently, the reduction of self-esteem job dissatisfaction, job resignation, absenteeism, and wrong decision-making. In an attempt to call professional public attention to negative effects of stress on the outcomes of teacher work, we have analyzed four important aspects of stress teachers experience in their everyday work (a definition and measurement of stress, (b distribution and sources of stress (problem behaviors in students, poor working conditions, lack of time, poor school ethos, (c teacher personality traits (sex, age, work experience, locus of control, job satisfaction, intention to resign absenteeism, (d strategies for overcoming and reducing negative effects of stress (direct action techniques, palliative techniques.
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Ro?. 19, Supp.2 (2012), s. 40-48. ISSN 1335-0668 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : emergence * mind * consciousness * emergent property * system property Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Emergency Management compiles a wide variety of information in support of Emergency Preparedness, including certain elements of the System for Risk...
The emergency plan of HANARO (High-flux advanced Neutron Application Reactor) is prepared based on the Korea Atomic Law, the Civil Defence Law, Disaster Protection Law and the emergency related regulation guides such as the NUREG series from USNRC to ensure adequate response capabilities to the emergency event which would cause a significant risk to the KAERI staffs and the public near to the site. Periodic training and exercise for the reactor operators and emergency staffs will reduce accident risks and the release of radioactivities to the environment. The plan describes the organization and staff's duties in the radiation emergency, classification on the radiation accidents, urgent actions of reactor operators in the early state, emergency response activities, maintenance of emergency equipment, training and exercise to improve response capabilities against emergency accidents. (author). 1 tab., 5 figs.
... Aid Guidelines Swallowed poison. Induce vomiting ONLY if emergency personnel on the phone tell you to do ... to use to induce vomiting if recommended by emergency personnel. Be sure the date is current. Poison ...
... patients, family and friends to get connected! Patient Emergency Grants The Kidney & Urology Foundation of America, now ... The Kidney & Urology Foundation of America’s (KUFA) PATIENT EMERGENCY GRANT PROGRAM (PEG) provides financial assistance to End ...
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Full Text Available Aim of this research is to determine the qualifications which an effective teacher should have and to designate these qualifications according to their importance in the light of teachers? perception.Teachers working in K?r?ehir city center have been the environment for this research.A specific sample hasn?t been choosen because all the environment has been reached.The questionnaire which has been made by the researcher has been used in order to collect data and these data have been analysed by using techniques of frequency and percentage and then interpreted in schedules.At the end of the research,effective teacher attitudes in the light of their perceptions have been classified as „?personality??, „?professional sufficiency??, „?behaviour to students??, „?branch knowledge?? and determined order of their importance.According to the teachers in this working group, preference orders of effective theacher qualifications have not changed in terms of their branches.
Full Text Available In this article, we describe the importance of complementing teachers’ training with the learning and development of social and emotional aspects. It is in this way that Emotional Intelligence (EI –understood as a complement of the cognitive development of teachers and students– is to play a role in the educational context. We review Mayer & Salovey’s ability model (1997, some of the programmes of socio-emotional improvement that are also designed for teachers and several activities for the development of teachers’ EI. In addition, we examine the implications for teachers derived from the development of their EI to enhance their capacity to appropriately perceive, understand and manage one’s own emotions and those of others.
Price, Robert John
The elementary school teacher's personal understanding of science has not been a primary focus of consideration in educational reform discussions. This study examines how four elementary school teachers have constructed their personal understanding of science. The purpose of this study is to explore core understandings about science held by these teachers, and to examine the origins of these ideas. This study assumes that a teacher's understanding of science is unique and constructed on personal experiences affected by influences. This study further explores the relationship of the teachers understanding to the school's stated curriculum. The theoretical framework of this research recognizes three guiding assumptions: science exists as a set of ideas that have developed over time through competing discourses; the teacher plays an important role in the implementation of the science curriculum; and the guiding influences of a teacher's understanding of science are associated with power that emerges from discourse. The methodology in this qualitative study is closely associated with narrative inquiry. Data collection methods include a questionnaire, focus group sessions, and individual interviews. Teachers' stories were collected through collaborative interview opportunities between the researcher and the participants. The findings are presented through the narratives of the four teachers, and are organized through the guiding influences, and talk related to the stated science curriculum. The teachers' talk can be categorized by three broad guiding influences: family, education, and an image of science. The talk related to the stated curriculum illustrates both conflicts, and a relationship between the teachers' understanding of science and the curriculum. The finding of this study provides evidence that each teacher's understanding of science is unique and developed over time. Additionally, this understanding plays a role in how the stated curriculum is discussed and understood. This investigation recommends that teachers' personal understanding of science, as revealed through narrative inquiry, becomes a focus in developing new educational opportunities for elementary school teachers. This study further recommends challenging a hegemony related to positivism that exists in science curricula, and the addition of the valued voice of elementary teachers to the discourse of science education.
This e-book on Emerging Technologies and Ethics includes a collection of essays which explore the future and ethics of emerging information and communication technologies. Articles in the collection include an overview of the legal implications which may be relevant to the ethical aspects of emerging technologies and also ethical issues arising from the mass-take up of mobile technologies.
Nuclear accident emergency is an action for controlling or reliving nuclear accident and relaxing accident result. It is different from normal order and normal work procedures, and it is also the last part of depth defense. The article introduces the main content of nuclear accident emergency management work and an example of nuclear accident emergency drill. (author)
Emergency Supply List www.ready.gov Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit: q Prescription medications and glasses q ... q Cash or traveler’s checks and change q Emergency reference material such as a first aid book ...
... School Resource Guide Your Child’s Legal Rights to Education: IEPs and 504s Watch Planning for School Webinar Teacher Perspectives Homeschooling Camps Pediatric Transplant PPHN (persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn) Teens PHA Teens Social Network ...
Full Text Available New practices in technology-rich schools call for teachers who can be responsive to change. This article explores a group of Norwegian upper-secondary school teachers’ approach to students’ digital stories – a multimodal genre recently introduced to many classrooms. The concept of inscription (Latour, 1992 is used in an abductive analysis to show teachers’ struggle with identifying the premises of digital stories and, consequently, how to assess such texts. The analysis demonstrates that established assessment conventions tend to guide teachers’ assessment of digital stories, thereby resulting in tensions between traditional and emerging practices.
Pablo Palomero Fernández
Full Text Available The social and emotional competences of teachers have a notable influence on the type of teaching that is carried out and on the type of relationships that are built in the classroom. Training teachers in personal aspects is a current urging need. Since the end of the last century there have a great deal of enriching research, courses and publications on teachers' emotional and social intelligence. From the point of view of training, this article presents some limitations of certain emerging proposals. Next, an alternative is proposed, based on the principles of humanistic psychology and promoting the development of five attitudes directly related to the teacher's emotional and social competence: phenomenological disposition, autonomy, responsibility, criteria independence and cooperative disposition. Finally, some the possible shortcomings and negative aspects of the proposed model are discussed, highlighting the need to further investigate the efficiency and relevance of training proposals such as the one presented here in order to increase their social impact.
Full Text Available The Internet can have a strong influence on students learning the Japanese language in Slovenia, as well as in other parts of Europe. Almost all freshmen have come into contact with Japanese pop culture via the Internet. The aim of this paper is to discuss the teacher’s role in overcoming certain problems associated with learning the Japanese language in the age of the Internet. First, looking at a general survey of the current situation surrounding teaching Japanese language in Slovenia, we identify the advantages and disadvantages of using the Internet when learning the language. However, the disadvantages of the Internet that lead to learner problems are, in fact, the problems that we also face in daily communication. So, as a teacher, I propose following three strategies to lead the learner: first, let the learner’s interests stimulate him to explore a wider and deeper world; second, lead the learner to reconstruct his world; and third, lead the learner to self expression so that he can be understood by the listener and improve his communication skills. Such are teacher’s strategies for interactive communication based on individual standpoint versus a world view, which has emerged in teaching Japanese language when the learner seeks language skills not solely for practical purposes as in Slovenia. Considering this, I additionally propose for Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR ideology that those strategies aim to achieve “an expertise of the relationship with the Other” (Zarate, Gohard-Radenkovic, Lussier, & Penz. 2004, p. 11.
NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. This file contains location information for Emergency Management Regions in the State of...
A discussion of how teacher educators must respond to the sociological issues beyond everyday work that affect teachers' attitudes, dispositions, and socialization in the workplace covers: professional and traditional teacher styles; experienced teachers' attitudes of conservatism, presentism, or individualism; job ambiguities and conflicts;…
Brekelmans, Mieke; Mainhard, Tim; den Brok, Perry; Wubbels, Theo
Using an interpersonal circumplex model, we examined whether teachers and students in secondary education apply a similar frame of reference when thinking about how a teacher relates to students. We also examined the alignment of teacher and student perceptions of two dimensions of the teacher-student relationship: Control and Affiliation. Results…
Gallant, Andrea; Mayer, Diane
As part of a cross-cultural collaboration, a teacher performance assessment (TPA) was implemented during 2009 in three Malaysian institutes of teacher education. This paper reports on the TPA for graduating primary teachers in Malaysia. The investigation focused on the pre-service teachers' perceptions about whether the TPA provided them with an…
Buchanan, John; Prescott, Anne; Schuck, Sandra; Aubusson, Peter; Burke, Paul; Louviere, Jordan
The provision and maintenance of quality teachers is a matter of priority for the profession. Moreover, teacher attrition is costly to the profession, to the community and to those teachers who leave feeling disillusioned. There is a need to investigate the experiences of early career teachers to consider how these issues contribute to decisions…
Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation, and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change. (Contains…
Since the last three decades or so, we have witnessed the growing concern of human beings, all over the world, to adopt measures to conserve and preserve environment of the planet earth, because the same has been threatened by human activity and by way of our unparalleled intervention in the otherwise balanced environment. This awareness and concern has emerged as a need of incorporating environmental Issues into the normal curricula, so that we can educate the young generation to become informed decision-makers of the future. UNESCO and UNEP have advocated (since the last three decades) to teach environmentalised science to students. In Pakistan, there have been attempts to change curricula in accordance with the need of the time. Teachers need new kinds of skills, attitudes and commitment to teach science in an environmentalised fashion. This article discusses the impact of a semester-course on change in environmental attitudes of prospective science-teachers. A pre-test, post-test method was used to ascertain any change in environmental attitude of prospective science-teachers, after studying the environmental education course. It has been shown that there was a change in the environmental attitude of science-teachers as a result of the one-semester course, but the change or the level of attitude was not substantial or satisfactory. There seems to be a need of adopting a comprehensive approach to environmental education, and introducing teaching of environmental concepts at a very early age. (author)
Full Text Available Background: Most emergencies in Goa arise due to road traffic accidents and drowning, which have been compounded by the rise in number of recorded accidents in 2007 to be above 4000. It is believed that 11 people meet with an accident on Goa?s roads every day and this is expected to rise by 10% by next year. Similar is the case with drownings and other medical emergencies. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional survey of medical emergencies and identify various types of emergencies presenting to emergency departments. Materials and Methods: Using a stratified random sampling design, all emergencies presenting to the three government hospitals in Goa, which handle 90% of all emergencies currently, were studied on specially designed data sheets in order to collect data. Emergency medical technicians (ETs were placed in the Casualty Ward of the medical colleges and they recorded all emergencies on the data sheet. The collected data were then analyzed for stratification and mapping of emergencies. Results: GMC Hospital attended to majority of emergencies (62%, which were mainly of the nature of accidents or assaults (17% and fever related (17%. Most emergencies were noncritical and about 1% expired. Maximum emergencies also presented from Salcette and Bardez, and occurred among young males in the age group of 19-45 years. Males were also more prone to accidents while females had pregnancies as emergencies. Conclusion: Potential emergency services need to target young males with higher concentrations required in Salcette in South Goa and Bardez in North Goa.
Trotman, Alicia M.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze and interpret the stories told by one teacher, Ms. M, in a fifth grade science classroom. In this study, stories are defined as teacher utterances that are used in first person or third person narrative view, and are related to an experience that occurred outside the classroom. This research answers questions concerning: (a) what types of stories Ms. M tells during science instruction; (b) when these stories occur in the classroom; and (c) what pedagogical functions do these stories serve in the classroom. Utilizing theories on the social construction of knowledge and narrative cognition, stories told may be formed through multiple paths that follow no logical expression to make sense of the context and to connect to its audience. Therefore, this study provides insight into how Ms. M made sense of science with her stories and the ways in which they worked with her students. The results illlustrated that the types of stories found with Ms. M were autobiographical, biographical, fictional, or based on current events. These stories occurred when the teacher initiated the discussion by bringing forth a definition, a question or reinforcing a concept. However, the stories were triggered by students to a greater degree with their questions, concerns, observations or their own stories or explanations. Finally, all pedagogical functions of stories were identified with Ms. M's stories: promotion of engagement or attention of students, building community, clarifying concepts or vocabulary, activation and building of background knowledge and disclosure of teacher role and voice. Ms. M stories exemplified her sense-making of science and connections to her own life that her students were eventually able to make for themselves.
Sadler, Troy D.; Amirshokoohi, Aidin; Kazempour, Mahsa; Allspaw, Kathleen M.
This study explored teacher perspectives on the use of socioscientific issues (SSI) and on dealing with ethics in the context of science instruction. Twenty-two middle and high school science teachers from three US states participated in semi-structured interviews, and researchers employed inductive analyses to explore emergent patterns relative to the following two questions. (1) How do science teachers conceptualize the place of ethics in science and science education? (2) How do science teachers handle topics with ethical implications and expression of their own values in their classrooms? Profiles were developed to capture the views and reported practices, relative to the place of ethics in science and science classrooms, of participants. Profile A comprising teachers who embraced the notion of infusing science curricula with SSI and cited examples of using controversial topics in their classes. Profile B participants supported SSI curricula in theory but reported significant constraints which prohibited them from actualizing these goals. Profile C described teachers who were non-committal with respect to focusing instruction on SSI and ethics. Profile D was based on the position that science and science education should be value-free. Profile E transcended the question of ethics in science education; these teachers felt very strongly that all education should contribute to their students' ethical development. Participants also expressed a wide range of perspectives regarding the expression of their own values in the classroom. Implications of this research for science education are discussed.
Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe Agbatogun
Full Text Available In the last two decades, there has been the global clamour for the integration of emerging technologies into school curriculum; hence researchers and educators have had increased focus on technology integration in schools in order to have a shift of paradigm from the teacher-centred to student-centred classroom instruction. This study examined the predictive power of teachers’ perceived usefulness (PU, perceived ease of use (PEU, behavioural intention (BI to use Personal Response System (PRS and computer experience (CE on teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS in improving communicative competence in the classroom where English is taught as a second language (ESL. Seventeen (17 teachers constituted the sample for the study. A self-report questionnaire and a semi-structured interview-guide were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics such as simple percentage, mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple regression were used for data analysis at 0.05 significance level. Results indicated that teachers were generally positively disposed to integrating PRS in ESL classrooms. Moreover, teachers’ disposition was not significantly dictated by gender. Except for CE, constructs like PU, PEU and BI showed significant positive correlation with attitude to PRS. The results of regression analysis indicated that the set of variables combined to predict teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS. Relatively, PU was the potent predictor of the dependent variable.
Abstract Native Chinese foreign language (CFL) teacher identity is an emerging subject of research interest in the teacher education. Yet, limited study has been done on the construction of Non-native CFL teachers in their home culture. Guided by a concept of teacher identity-in-discourse, the paper reports on a qualitative study that explores how three Non-native CFL teachers construct their teacher identity as they interact with Danish students while teaching CFL at one Danish university. Data collected from in-depth interviews over a period of two years show that the Non-native CFL teachers face tensions and challenges in constructing their identities as CFL teachers, and the tensions and challenges that arose from Danish teaching culture could influence the Non-native CFL teachers' contributions to CFL teaching in their home cultures. The findings further show that in order to cope with the tensions and challenges, the Non-native CFL teachers create an alternative space in ways that enable them to construct their identities as Non-native CFL teachers.
Dong-Hee Kim; Hak-Sun Yu
Previous reports have suggested that the environment of day care centres is a crucial factor in the development of enterobiasis. There is a lack of data regarding a teacher’s knowledge about enterobiasis although kindergarten teachers have the greatest influence on a child’s habits because the child spends a lot of time with them and because they manage the child’s physical environment. The focus of the present study was to evaluate the kindergarten teacher’s T
In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers’ and principals’ expectations and perceptions related to teachers’ leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazar?, one of the two central municipalities in Eski?ehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of eight primary schools were taken as a sample among low, middle, high socio-economic level primary schools in Odunpazar?. 195 teachers and principals p...
Autonomy support provided by the teacher to students in the learning environment affects their intrinsic motivation and active participation in learning. For this reason, teachers to demonstrate autonomy supportive behaviors carry importance. This research aims to determine the primary and secondary school in-service teachers’ views of autonomy supportive behaviors. The teachers working in primary and secondary schools of Kütahya constitute the target population and 492 teachers were sampled ...
Meyer, Richard J.
Twenty-five undergraduate preservice teachers in the literacy block (a six credit hour block of reading and language arts methods courses) at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln wrote their literacy autobiographies to fulfill one of the course requirements. These autobiographies help students' develop insights into their literacy past and present.…
From a sociocultural perspective, teacher identity is constructed in relation to others, including other teachers and students. Drawing on positioning theory and the concept of investment, this study analyzed the case of a secondary English teacher who negotiated his teacher identity in relation to English language learners (ELLs). Findings…
Allen, Dennis L.; Peinert, William F.
In North Olmsted City Schools, Ohio, teacher evaluation is a continuous, cooperative, constructive process involving both the evaluator and the teachers. One set of performance variables evaluated relates to professional climate: (1) classroom management; (2) pupil-teacher relationships; (3) pupil-pupil relationships; (4) teacher-parent…
Byrnes, Deborah A.; Kiger, Gary
A survey of 184 regular classroom teachers at a summer workshop at a state university in the Rocky Mountain Region investigated teacher knowledge and attitudes about linguistic diversity in the classroom. Data was gathered on the teachers' background, kind and amount of assistance provided to teachers with limited-English-proficient (LEP) students…
Ching, Chin Phoi; Yee, Chin Peng
In Malaysia the training of primary school teachers is solely carried out by teacher training institutes which offer the Bachelor of Teaching with Honors (Primary education) program and was first launched in 2007. This program prepares primary school teachers specializing in various subjects or major and is carried out in 27 teacher training…
Geseleva N. V.
Full Text Available The article considers approaches to definition of the “emergency” notion and provides foundations of emergent properties of the system and emergent strategies of enterprise management.? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? «??????????????», ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????.
Full Text Available Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decis [...] ion-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.
Full Text Available Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.
The Teacher Leaders Network (TLN) is an independent, web-based network of experienced, leading, and award-winning teachers who have achieved success as authors, professional developers, trained mentors, policy consultants, and community leaders. This virtual community participates in daily online discussions that explore and debate the merits of educational policies, techniques, and philosophies. Materials available at the TLN web site include weblogs in which members share their experience and insights; links to resources for teacher leadership, coaching and mentoring, education policy, and other topics; links to news articles and publications; and information on the organization's sponsors, funding, and partners.
Daugbjerg, Peer SchrØder
The neoliberal restructuring of the welfare state has changed the conditions for teacher practice. Teachers’ narratives have been collected in the western part of Denmark. They give insight in teacher practice and how teachers’ conditions for working have changed. 3 themes are discussed to illustrate this development: 1) individualisation, 2) operating economy and 3) loss of authority. The teachers’ main focus is the benefit of the children even though this means they have to manipulate the demands issued on them.
Welsh, Lori C.; Newman, Karen L.
This dialogical narrative describes the observations and changes in instruction of an 8th-grade science teacher in an English language learner (ELL) sheltered science class before and after receiving instruction in ESL methods, and the backdrop for the teacher's growth, as narrated by the second language teacher educator who directed the teacher's…
There is an emerging phenomenon of international teachers teaching in the US public schools. This study intended to understand this phenomenon. In this research, six math and science teachers from India, Nigeria, Turkey, and China were interviewed. Their classrooms were also observed and their administrators were interviewed. The analysis was performed through grounded theory principles. The findings revealed important social and professional differences between international teachers and their American counterparts. This study also identified intervening factors explaining the challenges and strengths of the international teachers, in addition to contextual reasons such as student and school profile. The strengths and challenges of international teachers shaped the nature of their interactions with the students, other teachers, parents, and administrators.
Full Text Available The fundamental basis of the curriculum, critical andragogical input, availability of time period, modern and innovative transactional approaches and qualitative evaluation process in the prescribed curriculum, infrastructural facilities as well as the teacher composition are considered to be the quality indicators of teacher education programme. The study was delimited to colleges (both private and government having attached B.Ed. wing under Kolhan University. By utilizing both qualitative and quantitative techniques the relevant data were collected in terms of intended curriculum, infrastructural facilities and teacher composition. Subsequently it was revealed that the secondary teacher education programme of Kolhan University was more or less a knowledge transmission model inefficient to foster prospective teachers as a facilitator of pupil’s learning in varied socio-cultural contexts. The present research contrives necessary measures to evolve a quality teacher education programme which may be capable of meeting the emerging challenges of secondary education in Jharkhand.
Konen, Joseph; Horton, Robert L.
Elementary teachers were surveyed both before and after attending science enrichment training and also after they had taught the curriculum. They reported that their anxiety decreased, curiosity increased, and confidence grew as they participated in these training modules. (SK)
The reason some schools experienced high failure rates had less to do with lack of resouces than the lack of accountability among teachers, professor Jonathan Jansen said at the Durban International Conference in KwaZulu Natal.
A list of teacher duties is presented, focusing on the broad areas of subject matter knowledge; instructional skill; assessment skill; professionalism; and other duties to school or community. The usefulness of such a list is discussed. (SLD)
Emergency Management www.myasthenia.org www.myasthenia.org 800.541.5454 Important information for the patient, family, emergency medical technician, nurse, and emergency department personnel. EMERGENCY ...
Coetzee, Stephen; Oberholzer, Ruanda
A questionnaire was circulated in 2007 to the career-guidance counselors or, in their absence, mathematics teachers, teaching at the 200 primary feeder schools of the University of Pretoria to determine their perception of the accounting profession in comparison to the engineering, legal and medical professions. The South African secondary school teachers generally held the accounting profession in lower esteem than the engineering and medical professions, but in higher esteem than the legal ...
This guide, created by the American Wind Association, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, is a learning tool about wind energy targeted toward grades K-12. The guide provides teacher information, ideas for sparking children's and students' interest, suggestions for activities to undertake in and outside the classroom, and research tools for both teachers and students. Also included is an additional resources section.
This diploma paper shows the meaning of communication as the basis of relationship between people, and its meaning in the teacher – parent relationship. In the beginning I present the facts of communication and its rules and I follow with the importance of communication between teacher and parents. This communication represents the main topic as it is very important for a more quality life of children within a family and school. I emphasise the meaning and value of effective communication...
Girdhar lal Sharma
Education in the Indian region faces a number of problems. These problems include the shortage of qualified teachers, very large student populations, high drop-out rates of students and teachers, and weak curriculum. All of these negative aspects result in poor delivery of education. The education crisis is worsened by the devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, increasing poverty, a brain drain in the teaching community, budgetary constraints, poor communication, and inadequa...
Teacher preparation cast in Heidegger’s terms is “present-at-hand” (potentially useful) until interrogation makes it ready-to-hand (actually useable). What authentic questions prompt teaching to become ready-to-hand for the beginning teacher? How might we show that the essential particularity for phronesis (knowledge as practical wisdom) resides in teaching other Beings who are not just present or ready for us, but are creating the very world in which we encounter within the classroom? The st...
Bon, Susan C.; Bathon, Justion; Balzano, Anne-Marie
School districts are facing a sensationalized and alarming trend of unprofessional conduct and social media misuse by public school teachers. Likewise, recent court cases as well as highly publicized scandals raise concern that inappropriate relationships between teachers and students can be initiated through online social media. These emergent…
Finson, Kevin; Riggs, Iris M.; Jesunathadas, Joseph
One concern of science educators is the beliefs of preservice teachers toward science teaching. Consequently, the goal of developing positive beliefs in preservice teachers emerges frequently in science education courses and programs. In science teaching contexts, self-efficacy is an individual's belief that one has the ability to effectively…
Meerbaum-Salant, Orni; Hazzan, Orit
This paper focuses on challenges in mentoring software development projects in the high school and analyzes difficulties encountered by Computer Science teachers in the mentoring process according to Shulman's Teacher Knowledge Base Model. The main difficulties that emerged from the data analysis belong to the following knowledge sources of…
Brain-based teaching and learning focuses on how the brain learns best, and emerging brain research is a significant resource, but only if one knows how to use it as such. Teachers have the professional training and classroom experience to know first hand where there are problems in educational practices, but most teachers haven't been taught…
Jordan, Derrick D.
The purpose of this study was to determine if superintendent longevity significantly impacted teachers' perceptions of their working conditions. In addition, the study sought to determine if there were differences in perceptions among teachers whose superintendent was beginning (1 or fewer years in current position), emerging (between 2 to 6…
In this paper some key practice and policy implications emerging from a review of literature on effective teacher strategies for social, emotional and behavioural difficulties are set out. Particular attention is given to implications in relation to the development of teachers' skills.
Smart, Julie B.; Igo, L. Brent
In this grounded theory study, 19 teachers were interviewed and then, in constant comparative fashion, the interview data were analyzed. The theoretical model that emerged from the data describes novice teachers' tendencies to select and implement differing strategies related to the severity of student behavior. When confronting mild student…
Vermeule, Cornelius Adrian; POSNER, Eric A
Critics of emergency measures such as the U.S. government’s response to 9/11 invoke the Carolene Products framework, which directs courts to apply strict scrutiny to laws and executive actions that target political or ethnic minorities. The critics suggest that such laws and actions are usually the product of democratic failure, and are especially likely to be so during emergencies. However, the application of the Carolene Productsframework to emergencies is questionable. Democratic failure i...
Lewis Research Center helped design the complex EMS Communication System, originating from space operated telemetry, including the telemetry link between ambulances and hospitals for advanced life support services. In emergency medical use telemetry links ambulances and hospitals for advanced life support services and allows transmission of physiological data -- an electrocardiogram from an ambulance to a hospital emergency room where a physician reads the telemetered message and prescribes emergency procedures to ambulance attendants.
Mark C. M. Cheung
Full Text Available Magnetic flux emergence from the solar convection zone into the overlying atmosphere is the driver of a diverse range of phenomena associated with solar activity. In this article, we introduce theoretical concepts central to the study of flux emergence and discuss how the inclusion of different physical effects (e.g., magnetic buoyancy, magnetoconvection, reconnection, magnetic twist, interaction with ambient field in models impact the evolution of the emerging field and plasma.
A extensão média do enunciado (EME) como medida do desenvolvimento de linguagem de crianças com síndrome de Down / Mean length utterance (MLU) as a measure of language development of children with Down syndrome
Suelen Fernanda, Marques; Suelly Cecilia Olivan, Limongi.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a extensão média de enunciados em morfemas (EME-m) e palavras (EME-p) produzida por crianças com síndrome de Down (SD) e verificar a eficácia da utilização da EME-p como medida do desenvolvimento linguístico geral de crianças com SD. MÉTODOS: Participaram 15 crianças com SD, c [...] om idades entre cinco e 12 anos, que foram submetidas à situação de interação livre. As crianças foram divididas em três grupos, com base na idade cronológica e mental, a partir da aplicação do Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. Os 100 primeiros enunciados foram analisados quanto a: número de morfemas gramaticais para artigos, substantivos e verbos (MG-1) e pronomes, preposições e conjunções (MG-2); extensão média dos enunciados considerando-se morfemas (EME-m) e palavras (EME-p). RESULTADOS: A comparação intergrupos mostrou que quanto maior a idade, mais altas foram as médias obtidas, havendo diferença para todas as variáveis, com exceção de MG-2. Os mesmos resultados foram obtidos na comparação intragrupo para todas as variáveis. Houve forte correlação entre EME-m e EME-p. CONCLUSÃO: A EME-p pode ser utilizada como medida de identificação de desenvolvimento linguístico geral. No entanto, ressalta-se que a utilização de todas as variáveis relacionadas à extensão média de enunciados fornece maior eficiência na identificação do desenvolvimento linguístico e na análise de suas alterações. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To characterize the mean length utterance in morphemes (MLU-m) and words (MLU-w) produced by children with Down syndrome (DS), and to verify the effectiveness of using EME-w as a measure of general language development of children with DS. METHODS: Participants were 15 children with ages be [...] tween 5 and 12 years, who were submitted to a free interaction situation. They were divided into three groups, according to chronological and mental age, as established by the results of the Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. The first 100 utterances were analyzed considering: number of grammatical morphemes (GM) for articles, nouns and verbs (GM-1), and pronouns, prepositions and conjunctions (GM-2); mean length utterance for morphemes (MLU-m) and words (MLU-w). RESULTS: The between-groups comparison showed that the MLU averages were higher for older groups, and differences were found for all variables, except for GM-2. The same results were obtained in the within-group comparison, for all variables. There was a strong correlation between MLU-m and MLU-w. CONCLUSION: MLU-w can be used as an identification measure of general linguistic development. However, it is emphasized that the use of all MLU variables provides more efficacy in the characterization of linguistic development and the analysis of language impairments.
Within current Canadian learning environments, learners bring sophistication in areas such as communication/technology, a wide diversity of learning needs, and often an orientation towards social justice. This commentary refers to the ongoing responsiveness of teacher education programs to these evolving learner attributes, using as exemplars the areas of global citizenship education and technology integration. A backdrop for this discussion is the observation that the knowledge and skills...
Full Text Available Within current Canadian learning environments, learners bring sophistication in areas such as communication/technology, a wide diversity of learning needs, and often an orientation towards social justice. This commentary refers to the ongoing responsiveness of teacher education programs to these evolving learner attributes, using as exemplars the areas of global citizenship education and technology integration. A backdrop for this discussion is the observation that the knowledge and skills that contribute to successful adult lives are also evolving.
The Working Group on Inspection Practices (WGIP) was tasked by the NEA CNRA to examine and evaluate the extent to which emergency arrangements are inspected and to identify areas of importance for the development of good inspection practices. WGIP members shared their approaches to the inspection of emergency arrangements by the use of questionnaires, which were developed from the requirements set out in IAEA Safety Standards. Detailed responses to the questionnaires from WGIP member countries have been compiled and are presented in the appendix to this report. The following commendable practices have been drawn from the completed questionnaires and views provided by WGIP members: - RBs and their Inspectors have sufficient knowledge and information regarding operator's arrangements for the preparedness and response to nuclear emergencies, to enable authoritative advice to be given to the national coordinating authority, where necessary. - Inspectors check that the operator's response to a nuclear emergency is adequately integrated with relevant response organisations. - Inspectors pay attention to consider the integration of the operator's response to safety and security threats. - The efficiency of international relations is checked in depth during some exercises (e.g. early warning, assistance and technical information), especially for near-border facilities that could lead to an emergency response abroad. - RB inspection programmes consider the adequacy of arrangements for emergency preparedness and response to multi-unit accidents. - RBs assess the adequacy of arrangements to respond to accidents in other countries. - The RB's role is adequately documented and communicated to all agencies taking part in the response to a nuclear or radiological emergency. - Inspectors check that threat assessments for NPPs have been undertaken in accordance with national requirements and that up-to-date assessments have been used as the basis for developing emergency plans for NPPs. - Where RBs have an influence over land use around NPPs, they use the knowledge of their local or resident inspectors to inform decisions. - Inspectors check that appropriate action levels or criteria to identify an actual or radiological emergency are clearly defined and readily available to decision makers. - When observing emergency exercises inspectors check that: an appropriate and timely declaration is made, plant operators respond in accordance with the emergency plan and emergency instructions, and an appropriate level of response is initiated on and off-site. - RBs conduct follow-up inspections after real events, to ensure that the correct emergency response has been followed. - Inspectors verify that reliable data will be used to support the evaluation of environmental impact from a nuclear or radiological emergency, to the extent that this is within the jurisdiction of the RB. - Routine inspections and emergency exercise observations include a check that lines of communication are sufficiently resilient. - When observing emergency exercises inspectors, where practicable, check that timely, accurate and consistent information is provided to the public, in accordance with the off-site emergency plan. - RBs inspect the ability of the operator to give accurate medical and radiological information about casualties, to enable the correct treatment to be given. - Additional emergency equipment that is held in reserve off-site, provided to enhance resilience (post Fukushima), is included in the RB planned inspection and/or emergency exercise programme. - Inspectors check that licensee staff are adequately trained to connect and use additional equipment provided to enhance resilience. - Inspectors utilise the NPP operator's approved on-site emergency plan when inspecting on-site emergency arrangements. - RBs include human factors staff in emergency exercise evaluation teams to consider safety culture and human performance. - RBs consider the need for exercise scenarios to be undisclosed to exercise participants. - Bilateral trans-national inspection pro
Van Staden, Surette; Howie, Sarah J.
The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) assessment is an international comparative study of reading skills of Grade Four learners. South Africa’s first participation in the study took place in the 2006 cycle (Mullis et al., 2007), with repeat participation planned to take place for PIRLS 2011. PIRLS 2006 results pointed to serious issues of under achievement among South African Grade Four learners, resulting in the adoption of the National Reading Strategy (Department of ...
Stolle, Elizabeth Joy Petroelje
The purpose of this study was to share the details, complexities, contradictions, parallels, conceptualizations, and practices of secondary content area teachers' use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to enhance literacy practices and learning. Specifically, the research questions were: How do English, Science, and Social Studies teachers conceptualize the impacts ICTs have on literacy practices and learning? What is the relationship between English, Science, and Social Studies teachers' conceptualizations and their use of ICTs in their everyday pedagogical practices to enhance literacy practices and learning? I used the notions of literacy as a social practice to frame the study and writing as a method of inquiry to analyze the teachers' conceptualizations and practices. Through observations and interviews, I learned the teachers' stories. Within these stories, four tensions emerged in regard to how the teachers negotiate between their conceptualizations and classroom practices: (1) access to ICTs adequate for the task; (2) sufficient levels of ICT knowledge for the task; (3) fear of the unknown; and (4) identification of who benefits form the ICTs and how these benefits can be determined. The conclusions, or major themes highlighted in the teachers' stories, are that: (a) technology seems to be an add-on to support well-established practices, (b) teachers cling to traditional literacy practices, (c) teachers take up and use ICTs and literacy for unique purposes based on their individual classroom contexts, and (d) teachers' tensions limit their ability to envision beyond what they currently see and do in regards to ICTs and literacy.
Worldwide there is an increasing demand for educational institutions to offer part of their educations online and mixed mode. For institutions to comply with these demands, it is necessary to prepare teachers (and other members of the staff), to fulfil their responsibilities within the virtual environment. Teachers must be able to organize their courses pedagogically according to different conditions, i.e., subject domains, group sizes, variations within communication and interaction. Teachers must acquire knowledge and skills in handling Information and Communication Techniques (ICT) as well as pedagogical possibilities and constraints inherited in the software available. Several studies demonstrate that technical obstacles are easier to overcome than lack of communication skills. Also the consequenses of communication breakdowns tend to create serious problems that technology cannot solve. These problems concern how teachers function satisfactory as mediators and coaches in collaborative, knowledge sharing virtual environments. For example, how teachers support their students in becoming online-students and how they facilitate complex discussions on difficult topics. This is a big challenge for everybody involved in e-learning, and the challenge is not met by offering introductory courses for university teachers. Based on basis of a recent examination of concrete actions and strategies for the future within 11 Danish universities, the auther argues that there exists a severe mismatch between the organisational expectations and strategies and the competence-evolving activities that the same organisations offer to their staff. A recent case study of a university pedagogy course on e-learning for university teachers demonstrates and identifies some of the consequences of the mismatch. Finally the author suggests strategies to meet the demands of the future online university.
Alfredo Castro Díaz
Full Text Available The objective has been to create a Protocol of Structured Presurgical Visit applicable to the patients who are undergoing an emergency surgery, to provide the user and his family all the necessary cares on the basis of those nursing diagnosis that prevail in all the cases of surgical emergency interventions. The used method has been an analysis of the emergency surgical interventions more prevalent from February 2007 until October 2008 in our area (a regional hospital, and statistic of those nursing diagnosis that more frequently appeared in these interventions, the previous moment to the intervention and in addition common to all of them. The results were the following ones: the more frequent emergency operations were: Caesarean, ginecological curettage, laparotomy, help in risk childbirth, orthopaedic surgery and appendectomy. The more frequent nursing diagnosis in all the emergency operations at the previous moment of the intervention were: risk of falls, pain, anxiety, deficit of knowledge, risk of infection, movement stress syndrome, risk of hemorrhage, cutaneous integrity deterioration. The conclusion is that users present at the previous moment to an emergency operation several problems, which force to the emergency surgical ward nurse to the introduction of the nursing methodology, in order to identify the problems, to mark results and to indicate the interventions to achieve those results, besides in a humanitarian way and with quality. This can be obtained by performing a Structured Emergency Presurgical Visit.
In any emergency situation, the organisation of the response in France is based on predetermined emergency response plans. These plans define worst-case accident scenarios in terms of safety and the measures necessary to control the accident and to protect the personnel on the sites as well as the general public. (authors)
Nuclear power plant emergency exercises require a realistically presented accident situation which includes various aspects: plant process, radioactivity, radiation, weather and people. Experiences from nuclear power plant emergency exercises show that preparing accident scenarios even for relatively short exercises is tedious. In the future modern computer technology and past experience could be used for making exercise planning more effective. (au)
This article represents four emergences through which to explore the significance of lifelong learning. Drawing in particular on complexity theory and actor-network theory, it seeks to develop an understanding of the reductions and emergences, and purifications and translations to which lifelong learning is subject. To do this, the article also…
Bewley, Robert D.
Every day, emergency responders are confronted with worldwide natural and manmade disasters, including earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, tsunami, volcanoes, wildfires, terrorist attacks, and accidental oil spills.The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is ready to coordinate the provisioning and deployment of USGS staff, equipment, geospatial data, products, and services in support of national emergency response requirements.
Full Text Available While virtual technology for training in the simulation field has a long history in medicine, aviation, and the military, the application of similar emerging and innovative technologies in teacher preparation and education has been limited. TLE TeachLive™ (Teaching Learning Environment, Teaching in a Virtual Environment [TLE] is an inventive mixed-reality environment (the blending of real and synthetic content where prospective teachers can interact with a group of virtual students. The purpose of the virtual teaching environment of TLE is to strengthen teacher recruitment, preparation, and retention in education by allowing teachers to improve their skills with virtual students, providing a more constructive and ethical approach to learning the art of teaching. The protected environment allows pre-service teachers to utilize their emergent knowledge of behavior, diversity, and effective instruction in a flexible and safe practice environment. In this simulated environment, permission does not have to be gained to work with actual children and they are not exposed to missteps on the part of novice teachers as the teachers learn to refine their instructional techniques. This study investigated pre-service teachers’ use of differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior, a set of behavior management strategies, in a simulated classroom. Results indicated that the majority of participants evidenced an increase in the use of these strategies to enhance student engagement in the classroom.
Full Text Available In this article we discuss about the training of teachers and coordinators in early childhood education and care (ECEC services in Italy. We are doing this through two parts: in the first one, after an introduction on the topic of ECEC quality, we give an account of present profiles of educators in baby centres (asili nido, educators in pre-schools and coordinators of 0-6 services; the second part presents two exemplary experiences of initial training of teachers and coordinators carried out in the Universities of Bologna and Roma-Tre. We proceed departing from critical issues emerging from the analysis of profiles.
Yang, Hyun Seok
Emergent gravity is based on a novel form of the equivalence principle known as the Darboux theorem or the Moser lemma in symplectic geometry stating that the electromagnetic force can always be eliminated by a local coordinate transformation as far as space-time admits a symplectic structure, in other words, a microscopic space-time becomes noncommutative (NC). If gravity emerges from U(1) gauge theory on NC space-time, this picture of emergent gravity suggests a completely new quantization scheme where quantum gravity is defined by quantizing space-time itself, leading to a dynamical NC space-time. Therefore the quantization of emergent gravity is radically different from the conventional approach trying to quantize a phase space of metric fields. This approach for quantum gravity allows a background-independent formulation where space-time and matter fields are equally emergent from a universal vacuum of quantum gravity.
The Emergency Electric Power Administration's Emergency Operations Handbook is designed to provide guidance to the EEPA organization. It defines responsibilities and describes actions performed by the government and electric utilities in planning for, and in operations during, national emergencies. The EEPA Handbook is reissued periodically to describe organizational changes, to assign new duties and responsibilities, and to clarify the responsibilities of the government to direct and coordinate the operations of the electric utility industry under emergencies declared by the President. This Handbook is consistent with the assumptions, policies, and procedures contained in the National Plan for Emergency Preparedness. Claimancy and restoration, communications and warning, and effects of nuclear weapons are subjects covered in the appendices.
Reflexões sobre as vozes contribuintes para a constituição da subjetividade profissional do docente alfabetizador / Reflections about the voices contributing to the constitution of the literacy teacher's professional subjectivity
Maria Lidia Sica, Szymanski; Ivete Janice de Oliveira, Brotto.
Full Text Available A angústia com relação ao processo de alfabetização é uma constante entre alfabetizadores, seja porque várias teorias de ensino e aprendizagem da língua materna são veiculadas pelo discurso acadêmico e bibliográfico, seja porque as políticas educacionais as adotam. Neste artigo, objetiva-se abordar, [...] por meio de enunciados de professores alfabetizadores, quais as diferentes vozes que os constituíram profissionalmente, determinando o que se configura como base teórica em suas práticas pedagógicas. A coleta de dados se realizou por meio de filmagens das atividades desenvolvidas em um curso de extensão, as quais, depois de editadas, foram analisadas com base nos pressupostos bakhtinianos de linguagem e dialogia. Os enunciados docentes revelam suas crenças e incertezas sobre os métodos de alfabetizar, apropriados de maneira fragmentada e superficial. É na compreensão de uma concepção de linguagem como interlocução, focalizando sujeito e história, que o professor alfabetizador poderá superar modismos e se fortalecer enquanto responsável pelo ensino crítico da leitura e da escrita escolarizada. Abstract in english The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which [...] voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by filming the activities carried out in an extension course, edited and then analyzed based on Bakhtinian concepts of language and dialogism. The utterances reveal their teaching beliefs and uncertainties about the appropriate literacy methods, learned in a fragmented and superficial way. It is through the process of understanding a language concept as interlocution, focusing on the subject and his/her history, that the literacy teacher may surpass fads and strengthens himself/herself as the individual responsible for the critical appropriation of reading and writing as taught in school.
Jesus, Saul Neves de
Expectancy-valence models are used most in the field of motivational psychology. However, teachers' motivation had not been studied by these models and only limited research exists assessing the expectancy and the valence constructs. This study's aim was to examine preservice teachers' and practicing teachers' motivation by the expectancy-valence…
Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia
This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher…
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015
As part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's broader efforts to improve educational opportunities for all students, the "Teachers Know Best" research project seeks to encourage innovation in K-12 education by helping product developers and those who procure resources for teachers better understand teachers' views. The original…
Fitzsimons, Patrick; Fenwick, Penny
This literature review compares international and New Zealand research and international program information on teacher competencies and preservice and inservice teacher education, addressing two issues: (1) what literature identifies as key competencies required by quality beginning and practicing teachers in the current social, economic, and…
Norton, Priscilla; Sprague, Debra
Belen Public Schools (New Mexico) received a Goals 2000 grant for teacher education and technology integration. The Belen Goals 2000 professional development project established two three-day teachers-teaching-teachers workshops. The first focused on using an integrated software package and the second focused on using e-mail and the Internet.…
This paper analyzes the process and impact of a pre-service teacher education course assignment that engaged teacher candidates in developing and delivering an ESL professional development night for faculty colleagues and teachers from the field. The night involved a reader's theatre performance and follow-up discussion of Tara Goldstein's (2003)…
Decker, Lauren E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.
The present paper asks three questions about pre-service teachers. First, what are the prevalent beliefs about teaching among pre-service teachers? Second, what are the personality characteristics of pre-service teachers? Third, in what ways do personality traits and other demographic attributes predict beliefs about teaching? Participants were…
Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne
Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…
Evers, Will J. G.; Tomic, Welko; Brouwers, Andre
The aim of this study was to explore students' and teachers' perceptions of teacher burnout in relation to the occurrence of disruptive student classroom behaviour and the teachers' competence to cope with this kind of behaviour. First, the study shows that the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Coping with Disruptive Behaviour Scale and the Perceived…
Banville, Dominique; Rikard, G. Linda
Data show that 46% of all teachers in public schools will leave the profession within their first 5 years of teaching (Ingersoll, 2003). These data refer to teachers from all disciplines including physical education. To address these problems school districts have developed teacher induction programs that show promising results. Our literature…
This article describes seven teacher knowledge frameworks and relates these frameworks to the teaching and assessment of elementary teacher's mathematics knowledge. The frameworks classify teachers' knowledge and provide a vocabulary and common language through which knowledge can be discussed and assessed. These frameworks are categorized into…
In an interview, Barbara Koppman, a classroom teacher, reading specialist, and curriculum writer, expresses her opinions on professional standards, teacher morale, teacher evaluation, the use of master teachers, professional organizations for teachers, teacher image in the media, and the school's role in solving social problems. (JN)
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Electron Affinity page includes resources for teaching students about the concept of electron affinity.
Williams, Robert O.; Findley, Dale
This article discusses, with reference to several studies of the early 1960's, the problem of the universities' inability to train teachers for urban schools and suggests steps for changes in these teacher programs. (JA)
ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Atomic Radius page includes resources for teaching students about trends in atomic radius.
We explore the possibility of emergent cosmology using the effective potential formalism. We discover new models of emergent cosmology which satisfy the constraints posed by the cosmic microwave background (CMB). We demonstrate that, within the framework of modified gravity, the emergent scenario can arise in a universe which is spatially open/closed. By contrast, in general relativity (GR) emergent cosmology arises from a spatially closed past-eternal Einstein Static Universe (ESU). In GR the ESU is unstable, which creates fine tuning problems for emergent cosmology. However, modified gravity models including Braneworld models, Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and Asymptotically Free Gravity result in a stable ESU. Consequently, in these models emergent cosmology arises from a larger class of initial conditions including those in which the universe eternally oscillates about the ESU fixed point. We demonstrate that such an oscillating universe is necessarily accompanied by graviton production. For a large region in parameter space graviton production is enhanced through a parametric resonance, casting serious doubts as to whether this emergent scenario can be past-eternal
Every weekend during the summer, crowds gather at San Francisco's Exploratorium to watch the "Iron Science Teacher" game. Based on the wildly popular Japanese TV show, Iron Chef, in which chefs compete to see who can whip up the most creative and delicious meal with the day's "secret ingredient," Iron Science Teacher asks primary and secondary science educators to whip up a science lesson based on a "secret ingredient" -- be it PVC pipe, pantyhose, toothpicks or even marshmallow peeps! The goal of the project is to celebrate science education and to demonstrate that teachers can teach the $10 million state science standards on a $10 budget. Web surfers who can't make it to the Exploratorium can view this wacky yet totally educational program online. An archive of 25 broadcasts from June 1999 to the present is available (RealPlayer).
Almqvist, Jonas; Bjork, Christopher; McCloskey, Erin
In this paper, we will compare different discourses about teacher education as expressed by students, departments and alumnae/i at liberal arts colleges in USA, with two contemporary texts about teacher education in Sweden. The studies show (1) that the decision to become a teacher is an active choice made by these students during their time at the college, (2) that education programs in liberal arts institutions in USA stress that teacher education should be intellectually demanding with str...
The number of people receiving systemic anti-cancer treatment and presenting at emergency departments with treatment-related problems is rising. Nurses will be the first point of contact for most patients and need to be able to recognise oncological emergencies to initiate urgent assessment of patients and referral to the acute oncology team so that the most appropriate care can be delivered promptly. This article discusses the role of acute oncology services, and provides an overview of the most common acute oncological emergencies.
Skaalvik, Einar M.; Skaalvik, Sidsel
The purpose of this study was partly to test the factor structure of a recently developed Norwegian scale for measuring teacher self-efficacy and partly to explore relations between teachers' perception of the school context, teacher self-efficacy, collective teacher efficacy, teacher burnout, teacher job satisfaction, and teachers' beliefs that…
Tan, Minghua; Dobbs-Oates, Jennifer
Sixty-one preschool children and their parents and teachers participated in a cross-sectional study of the social-emotional correlates of emergent literacy skills. The children's emergent literacy skills were assessed with the standard language and literacy tests: "Expressive Vocabulary Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test" (third…
Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2003 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply see http://enpferney.org/staff_vacancies.htm English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire (http://enpferney.org/)
Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: firstname.lastname@example.org or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before 8 July. English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire.
What sorts of mathematics competencies must teachers have in order to teach the discipline well? This book offers a novel take on the question. Most research is focused on explicit knowledge-that is, on the sorts of insights that might be specified, catalogued, taught, and tested. In contrast, this book focuses on the tacit dimensions of teachers' mathematics knowledge that precede and enable their competencies with formal mathematics. It highlights the complexity of this knowledge and offers strategies to uncover it, analyze it, and re-synthesize it in ways that will make it more available
This web site is the companion to the Survival Guide for New Teachers. These resources provide a guide for new teachers and their mentors, discussing the problems they are likely to encounter and possible solutions. Support for teacher communities is also provided.
Seidl, Barbara L.; Monobe, Gumiko; Conley, Matthew D.; Burgos, Lisandra Pedraza; Rivera, Herminia Janet; Uchida, Chiharu H.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the theoretical structure of what we call multicultural apprenticeships in teacher education. This structure is drawn from decades of scholarship and research in teacher education, in general, and in preparing teachers for diversity, in particular. It is further situated within our own work in an Early…
The author's concern for how teachers nationwide are coping with unrelenting levels of stress is the topic of current research. A national sample of 1,200 teachers was asked to complete a survey addressing three areas: the sources of teacher stress; the manifestations of stress; and coping strategies they found most successful. Knowing the areas…
Swanson, Ronald G.
This article proposed a teacher evaluation system based upon the assumption that teachers are leaders, and that teaching style is leadership style. A number of teacher evaluation questionnaires were examined and were found to be asking questions identical in nature to the two leadership dimensions of Fleishman's Supervisory Behavior Description…
Lewin, Phyllis; And Others
Determined if a child would continue to be rejected by a student teacher if the child's behavior improved. Student teachers (N=39) selected a target child exhibiting disruptive behavior. An experimental group used techniques of alternative reinforcement on the problem child. Results indicated teachers' attitudes were highly stable. (RC)
Stecher, Brian; Garet, Mike; Holtzman, Deborah; Hamilton, Laura
An initial look at work being done in a reform project sponsored by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation finds that evaluations of teacher performance aren't as unpopular with teachers who have experienced the new system as some would have us believe. Leaders acknowledge that the new approach to teacher evaluation takes more time than traditional…
Nielsen, Lance D.
Teacher evaluation is a current hot topic within music education. This article offers strategies for K-12 music educators on how to promote their effectiveness as teachers through archival documentation in a teacher portfolio. Using the Danielson evaluation model (based on four domains of effective teaching practices), examples of music teaching…
Today's educational institutions should establish a system of intrinsic rewards for teachers and other staff. This article reviews research on intrinsic motivators, including Deming's total quality concepts, and recommends providing teachers with more individualized instruction, reorganizing faculty supervision practices, giving teachers greater…
Hawkins, Margaret R.
Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…
Kyriacou, Chris; Sutcliffe, John
A definition and model of teacher stress is presented which conceptualizes teacher stress as a response syndrome (anger or depression) mediated by (1) an appraisal of threat to the teacher's self-esteem or well-being and (2) coping mechanisms activated to reduce the perceived threat. (Author)
Findley, Dale; Estabrook, Robert
"The Practitioner" is subtitled "A Newsletter for the On-Line Administrator." This theme issue is devoted to recent developments in the teacher evaluation process. Contents include a review of research on teacher evaluation, an overview of legal requirements, and examples of outstanding teacher evaluation programs in six high schools. Thirteen…
This bulletin, designed to be of assistance to those interested in employing and utilizing teacher aides, presents (1) a general account of current thinking on the rationale, use, and effects of teacher aides in public school programs and (2) the results of a descriptive research study designed to determine the status of the teacher aide in both…
Aline Terra Salles
Full Text Available The use of information and communication technology brings new ways of enrolment and motivation of individuals. These technologies have been an important vehicle for sharing information and constitute various communities. For this reason, it is necessary analysis of learning in virtual environments. The aim of this article focuses on the analysis of teachers interactions in the environment Virtual Math Team (VMT-Chat in addressing one problem of taxicab geometry. We study learning through different forms of participation of individuals within the environment. The results shows that the identification of different types of interlocution (evaluative, interpretative, informative and negociative allows the teacher the creation of strategies to contribute with the continuity of the debate and to promote the development of mathematical ideas emerged from interlocutions. The analysis also illustrates how teachers interacted online with the use of combinatorial analysis on the metric in taxicab geometry.
Artman, Henrik; Brynielsson, Joel; Johansson, Björn JE; Trnka, Jiri
This paper introduces two concepts—dialogical emergency management and strategic awareness—as means touse and understand the content of social media for the purpose of emergency communication. Dialogicalemergency management denotes that the emergency management organizations follow what people publish invarious social media on emergencies and ongoing emergency response, and then adjust their informationstrategies in a way that matches the expectations and needs for emergency information of th...
Troy D. Abel; Michael Evans
Concepts of Human Computer Interaction have crossed disciplinary boundaries allowing the discovery of underlying stakeholder affordances to emerge during the design research phase of system design. For the current scenario, middle school mathematics teachers as data-driven decision makers are inundated with diagnostic and assessment data, resulting in data deluge. The situation is unlikely to subside as digital technologies and media are broadly adopted for instruction and learning. Teachers ...
DARMODY, MERIKE; SMYTH, EMER
Internationally, a considerable amount of literature has emerged on the factors influencing job satisfaction and occupational stress among school teachers. However, there is a paucity of recent, comprehensive empirical research in this area in the context of Irish primary schools. In view of ongoing changes in schools and curricula as well as the working conditions of teachers, identifying factors influencing job satisfaction and occupational stress is timely as the abili...
Severe winter weather can lead to health and safety challenges. You may have to cope with Cold related health problems, including ... there are no guarantees of safety during winter weather emergencies, you can take actions to protect yourself. ...
The place which nuclear medicine should occupy in an emergency and reanimation centre was shown. It offers simple, rapid solutions to complex and urgent problems. However the use of radioisotopes in emergency cases is recent, dating from the generalized use of Tc-99m in the laboratory. For the sake of clarity emergency situations were classified not according to degree but as a function of the organs involved: exploration of the brain and spine, thyroid, lungs, heart, liver, kidneys, blood and spleen, placenta, veins. Classification by degree of urgency was nevertheless discussed briefly since this is important for summing up and for the organization of a service. The various criteria to be met in the organization of a nuclear medicine emergency centre were listed
Hall, Deborah A.; Birch, Rachael C; Anheim, Mathieu; Jønch, Aia E; Pintado, Elizabeth; O’Keefe, Joanne; Trollor, Julian N.; Stebbins, Glenn T.; Hagerman, Randi J; Fahn, Stanley; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth; Leehey, Maureen A.
This paper summarizes key emerging issues in fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) as presented at the First International Conference on the FMR1 Premutation: Basic Mechanisms & Clinical Involvement in 2013.
Hall, Deborah A; Birch, Rachael C; Anheim, Mathieu; Jønch, Aia E; Pintado, Elizabeth; O'Keefe, Joanne; Trollor, Julian N; Stebbins, Glenn T; Hagerman, Randi J; Fahn, Stanley; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth; Leehey, Maureen A
This paper summarizes key emerging issues in fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) as presented at the First International Conference on the FMR1 Premutation: Basic Mechanisms & Clinical Involvement in 2013. PMID:25642984
Observations show that newly emerging flux tends to appear on the Solar surface at sites where there is flux already. This results in clustering of solar activity. Standard dynamo theories do not predict this effect.
... paramedics or emergency medical technicians? Would distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting the person ... a caller. Some cars now are equipped with "smart" technologies that use global positioning system satellites and ...
Ro?. 21, Supplementary Issue 1 (2014), s. 57-69. ISSN 1335-0668 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : diachronic * emergence * reduction * supervenience * synchronic Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0239405
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Emergency Management retains records of all incident responses in which it participates. This data asset includes three major sources of information:...
... Info Chemical Emergencies A–Z Abrin Adamsite Ammonia Arsenic Arsine Barium Benzene Brevetoxin Bromine BZ Carbon monoxide ... Studies Program Activities Chemical Weapons Elimination Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program National Report on Human Exposure to ...
Tremendous acceleration and changes in scientific discovery and progress are presently occurring. These important emerging technologies that will affect the practicing surgeon within the next 10 to 20 years are illustrated in detail in this volume. Its purpose is not to review clinical experience of the common surgical practice of the past decade, but to outline and illustrate the future trends. International experts in this field demonstrate emerging procedures and significant advances. (orig.)
The aim of this paper to present some items of emergence in the foresight that should be meant and handled scientifically. It highlights three resources of social emergence. One of them is originated from the development of shared future views at a community level from the individual future shapes. The second one is originated from the relations among the foresight and its social environment and the outer conditions. The third one is originated from the double loop of discourse between subjec...
Manufacturing of an emergency movable shield in the hot laboratories center is urgently needed for the safety of personnel in case of accidents or spilling of radioactive materials. In this report, a full design for an emergency shield is presented and the corresponding dose rates behind the shield for different activities (from 1 mCi to 5 Ci) was calculated by using micro shield computer code. 4 figs., 1 tab
Emergency exercises are held to satisfy regulatory requirements and to hopefully improve emergency response. Unfortunately, simply satisfying the requirement is often the principle concern of those who plan drills. Argonne National Laboratory has detailed emergency plans, and each Division is required to have an emergency exercise at least once each year. However, the pressure to minimize time taken from research efforts reduces the value of many exercises. During the past year, the Health Physics Section at ANL made an effort to optimize the information and training obtained in the time allotted for a drill. The purpose of this presentation is to share our approach and the results of one experience with the anticipation that it will stimulate others to critically look at emergency exercises in their organizations. To be of value, an emergency response exercise must have clear objectives, allow organized reporting, contain a documented follow-up critique, and provide for correction of deficiencies in training and in the emergency plan. A mock criticality incident at ANL was used to test specific emergency response capabilities. The objectives of the 45 minute exercise included testing: (1) how well Health Physics, Fire Department, and Medical personnel would deal with the unexpected find of an unconscientious, contaminated person in a high radiation field; (2) the capability to quickly predict environmental radioactivity concentration for a surprise mock stack releasentration for a surprise mock stack release of fission products; (3) the time required and accuracy for dose assessment from personnel dosimeters, criticality dosimeters and samples of blood and hair which were irradiated to known doses in the Argonne Janus reactor; (4) how well Health Physics personnel would identify and sort 'exposed persons' who had no dosimeters (small radioactive sources were hidden on select persons); and (5) how persons from the evacuated building would be accounted for. As a result of findings, special Health Physics training on criticality was provided and support capabilities are being refined. (author)
Full Text Available The article is a short rewiev about one particular but important and essential question in the field of AI: the consciousness. The main idea is to cast away non-scientific pronouncements about mystics and impossibility in the field. To clear up the basic notions (emergence and define the main theme - consciousness. The article proposes temporary definition of consciousness, consciousness emergence conditions and how to recognize and test the consciousness.
"Africa Emerges." Robert I. Rotberg. Polity. April 2013. --- Many countries in Sub–Saharan Africa are now enjoying significant economic growth and political progress. The new Africa has begun to banish the miseries of the past, and appears ready to play an important role in world affairs. Africa Emerges draws on a wealth of empirical data to explore the key challenges Africa must overcome in the coming decades, from peacekeeping to health and disease, from energy needs to education. Ainsle...
In most of today's emergency scenarios information plays a crucial role. Therefore, information has to be constantly collected and shared among all rescue team members and this requires new innovative technologies. In this paper a classification of emergency scenarios is presented, describing their special characteristics and common strategies employed by rescue units to handle them. Based on interviews with professional firefighters, requirements for new systems are listed....
In this work we propose an alternative scheme for an Emergent Universe scenario where the universe is initially in a static state supported by a scalar field located in a false vacuum. The universe begins to evolve when, by quantum tunneling, the scalar field decays into a state of true vacuum. The Emergent Universe models are interesting since they provide specific examples of nonsingular inflationary universes.
Klemm, Konstantin; Alstrom, Preben
We propose a new self-organizing mechanism behind the emergence of memory in which temporal sequences of stimuli are transformed into spatial activity patterns. In particular, the memory emerges despite the absence of temporal correlations in the stimuli. This suggests that neural systems may prepare a spatial structure for processing information before the information itself is available. A simple model illustrating the mechanism is presented based on three principles: (1) ...
Stuart, M.E.; Manamsa, K.; Talbot, J. C.; Crane, E.J.
The term ‘emerging contaminants’ is generally used to refer to compounds previously not considered or known to be significant to groundwater (in terms of distribution and/or concentration) which are now being more widely detected. As analytical techniques improve, previously undetected organic micropollutants are being observed in the aqueous environment. Many emerging contaminants remain unregulated, but the number of regulated contaminants will continue to grow slowly over th...
Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the interpretations of the term “teacher”, as well as the implications for course content and design, and for the formal qualifications that might be thought appropriate for a “teacher”. It also discusses some problems existing in college English teachers themselves in China, and then calls for the urgent need for teacher training. The teacher plays a very important role in ELT (English Language Teaching and ELL (English Language Learning. Therefore, if we want to apply creativity teaching in ELT, the first and most important thing to do is arouse the teachers’ creativity. The teachers themselves should try to improve their quality and use some teaching strategies to better their teaching effect and should also have creative mind to arrange active tasks and activities to arouse students’ interests and to cultivate their creativity.
Full Text Available Teacher preparation program is routinely make decisions regarding the best pedagogical methods from field experience studies, it can alter students’ understandings about academic content and some characteristics through professional practices. This study tries to investigate the extent to which individuals learning to be teachers feel what preservice teachers are capable of performing the pedagogical practices. Sixty seven preservice science teachers were described the influences of teacher preparation. Results indicated that preservice teachers enrolled in professional experiences courses perceived themselves as less capable of performing persuasive pedagogical practices than more generally accepted practices. In addition, preservice teachers perceived they were more capable of altering students’ knowledge about content than at modifying their beliefs about content. Implications for research and practice are forwarded.
Hilton, Annette; Hilton, Geoff
Research shows that school leaders play a key role in influencing outcomes for teachers from their professional learning. The study reported here widened this potential influence of school leaders from facilitators of teacher professional learning to active participants in it. The professional learning program aimed to enhance teaching of numeracy in the middle years through eight half-day workshops over a two-year period with further in-school support between the workshops. Additionally, the school leaders were invited to engage in the professional learning program as co-participants with the teachers. This paper reports the findings to our research question: What are the teachers’ and leaders’ perceptions of the impact on teacher professional learning brought about by the inclusion of school leaders as active participants?Data were collected using multiple open response surveys and semi-structured interviews and the participants’ comments were recorded during workshops. The survey and interview questions were based on the Interconnected Model of Teacher Professional Growth (IMTPG) (Clarke & Hollingsworth, 2002). This model is comprised of four change domains that interact to influence teachers’ professional growth within the change environment in which the teacher works. These domains include the external domain (e.g., workshop input, professional reading, interaction with colleagues), personal change (e.g., attitudes, beliefs, knowledge), change to practice (e.g., planning, teaching strategies), and salient outcomes (e.g., conceptual understanding, student engagement). Thematic analysis of the data was conducted to identify themes within each of the different elements of the IMTPG. The analysis revealed distinct differences between teachers whose school leaders participated and those whose leaders did not. The teachers with participant leaders suggested that leadership involvement influenced their growth across the domains and contributed to positive perceptions of their capacity to enact change. Themes that emerged within the change domains included collegiality, support, and sustainability. The teachers without school leader involvement tended to feel less positive about their capacity to enact change in their schools. The participating school leaders’ perceptions echoed those of the teachers and identified advantages including enhanced communication, empathy, and reflective practice.The findings of this study show clearly that involvement by school leaders in teacher professional learning programs has multiple advantages and impacts on teachers’ perceptions and their capacity to grow professionally and enact change in their classrooms. These findings have implications for school leaders, teacher educators, and designers of teacher professional learning.Clark, D., & Hollingsworth, H. (2002). Elaborating a model of teacher professional growth. Teaching and Teacher Education, 18, 947-967.
Mansour, Nasser; EL-Deghaidy, Heba; Alshamrani, Saeed; Aldahmash, Abdulwali
The aim of this study was to investigate science teachers' views of continuing professional development (CPD) provision in Saudi Arabia and science teachers' perspectives of the CPD contextual issues that have an impact on putting the learning emerging from the CPD programmes into practice. The study used mixed methods (open-ended questionnaires and interviews) with Saudi Arabian science teachers framed by a socio-cultural perspective. This study argues that science teachers' voices concerning their professional development needs should be the key guide for their CPD. Our study shows the significance of engaging critically with science teachers' voices and views of their CPD programme. One of the unique findings of this study indicated CPD programmes should take place at school where teachers have the opportunity to collaborate with others in an authentic context and where they can participate in the content of the CPD that directly meets their needs within their work context. The study has shown that science teacher development can be effective and successful when science teachers are able to talk with each other as part of the learning activities of the CPD programmes about what they are doing in the classroom, and how they can implement the ideas of the CPD programmes into their classroom and school settings. This might shed light on why teachers were either able or unable to put some aspects of their CPD learning into practice.
Full Text Available This study explored identities commonly used in teacher education and student teachers’ motives for becoming a teacher. The qualitative case methodology employed interviews and biographical questionnaires data collection methods. Data was gathered through interviewing student teachers and lecturers. Qualitative data analysis began by defining a priori themes and identifying parts of the interview transcripts that were relevant to these a priori themes. The initial coding was then refined by adding additional codes which emerged from the data to create a final coding template to interpret findings. Data analysis methods revealed that student teachers were motivated to join teaching by chance, important other, remuneration, vocation and interest developed through work experience. However prospective candidates did not get places to train as teachers on the basis of their motivation to become teachers. Further the study revealed that motives influenced “what”, “where”, and “how” student teachers were learning. This study recommends using interviews to establish motives as a way to supplement selection of student teachers.
Beuls, Katrien; Steels, Luc
Grammatical agreement means that features associated with one linguistic unit (for example number or gender) become associated with another unit and then possibly overtly expressed, typically with morphological markers. It is one of the key mechanisms used in many languages to show that certain linguistic units within an utterance grammatically depend on each other. Agreement systems are puzzling because they can be highly complex in terms of what features they use and how they are expressed. Moreover, agreement systems have undergone considerable change in the historical evolution of languages. This article presents language game models with populations of agents in order to find out for what reasons and by what cultural processes and cognitive strategies agreement systems arise. It demonstrates that agreement systems are motivated by the need to minimize combinatorial search and semantic ambiguity, and it shows, for the first time, that once a population of agents adopts a strategy to invent, acquire and coordinate meaningful markers through social learning, linguistic self-organization leads to the spontaneous emergence and cultural transmission of an agreement system. The article also demonstrates how attested grammaticalization phenomena, such as phonetic reduction and conventionalized use of agreement markers, happens as a side effect of additional economizing principles, in particular minimization of articulatory effort and reduction of the marker inventory. More generally, the article illustrates a novel approach for studying how key features of human languages might emerge. PMID:23527055
Hutchinson, Kelly M.
Previous research has shown that teachers face a number of challenges when incorporating innovative science content into their curricula. These challenges include: lack of science equipment; lack of support from a professional development team; lack of time to plan and teach the lessons; weak teacher content knowledge; and problems created by teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning including, their beliefs about reform efforts (Peers, Diezmann, & Watters, 2003; Roehrig, Kruse, & Kern, 2007). One innovative and interdisciplinary science field currently under investigation is nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) due to its emerging prominence in society, the need to help students gain entry into the job market, and the need to educate informed citizens. As teachers and science educators begin to incorporate nanoscale science and engineering concepts into existing science curricula, many factors will influence the incorporation of the NSE concepts. This study was specifically designed to examine how middle- and high-school teachers incorporated NSE lessons into their current curricula and the factors that influenced how these lessons were incorporated. Interviews were the primary data source for this study, with teachers' reflective narratives and classroom observations contributing to the data. The constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Patton, 2002) was used in analyzing the data to determine the themes that emerged. The results of this study demonstrated that although teachers indicated many factors that influenced their decision to incorporate NSE into the curriculum. Teachers' content knowledge, teachers' beliefs about student abilities, and teachers' beliefs about the fit of NSE lessons to the current science curriculum were the most influential factors in determining the way teachers' incorporated NSE lessons. If teachers did not have the content knowledge nor were confident in their content knowledge, NSE incorporation did not occur. Teachers also had to believe that their students were capable of learning NSE concepts and that the concepts were relevant to their science curriculum if they were to incorporate NSE into their classrooms.
Pishghadam, Reza; Meidani, Elham Naji; Khajavy, Gholam Hassan
The purpose of this study was to find the relationships among teachers' conceptions of intelligence, teacher care, and teacher feedback in the realm of English Language Teaching (ELT). To this aim, three scales were developed to measure the aforementioned constructs. The participants consisted of 81 English as a Foreign Language (EFL)…
Full Text Available The work of teachers has a signi?cant role both with regard to learners’ achievement and their opportunities in life. In the context of a developing country, particularly with respect to township and rural schools, it is a common occurrence that many practising teachers are un- or under quali?ed for the teaching of mathematics. What kind of professional development would be effective for upgrading the content knowledge and professional competence of such teachers? It is the aim of this article to give an overview of a professional development approach, called mentorship by master mathematics teachers, which had a positive effect both on teacher learning and their learners’ performance. Where mentorship usually focuses on the induction of beginning or student teachers, the Teacher Mentorship Programme (TMP in this case, had as its target experienced teachers who had been teaching mathematics for years in township schools, but without the appropriate quali?cations. The mentee teachers had never previously, due to no fault of their own, been exposed to excellent teaching practices as learners, student or practising teachers. The TMP was an initiative of a university’s Faculty of Engineering, that collaborated with private engineering companies and the Department of Education with the aim of preparing more and better equipped Grade 12 leavers who enrol for studies in engineering and technology related ?elds. The intended outcomes of the TMP were: To improve teachers’ content knowledge, pedagogical competence and attitude towards mathematics and science. To broaden teachers’ knowledge of careers related to the mathematics, science and technology ?elds. To improve learners’ attitudes towards mathematics, science and related careers. To increase the number of learners who enrol for mathematics on the higher grade which is the equivalent of “core” mathematics in the new National Curriculum Statement.Why a mentorship programme? A common theme occurring continuously in professional development research is that ad hoc workshops do not seem to have the sustained impact required for signi?cant teacher change and the improvement required to enhance learners’ performance. A pure workshop approach also lacks in-context follow up support and re?ection on newly acquired innovations. The body of research recommends that in-service programmes need to be school-based, they need to address the learning needs as identi?ed by teachers themselves, and, lastly, they need consistently to be subject focused. Through the latter approach, teachers are not merely cast into the role of a technical-rationalist to receive knowledge, but instead, they are perceived as knowledge producers through joint re?ection with expert mentors. The article further describes the requirements and some characteristics of master mentors that were appointed in the crucial role of change facilitators. The impact of the four year programme (2003-2006 is brie?y provided through statistical lenses, while the qualitative themes that emerged as the biggest learning and developmental needs as reported by teachers themselves are narrated. Teachers mostly needed support with subject conceptualisation, pedagogic content knowledge (how to teach challenging concepts and portfolio assessment. A detailed account of results can be found in Fricke (2008. In conclusion, the article offers a possible theoretical framework for designing and negotiating an individualised professional development plan. The suggested theoretical frame departs from the Zone of Feasible Development (ZFD, analogous to Vygotsky’s ZFD which describes the “distance” between actual performance on the one hand and the idealised performance an individual can achieve under the guidance of an expert on the other.
Full Text Available It is the motivation of teachers that moves the wheels in educational institutions. Quality of education essentially depends upon teacher motivation. Motivation varies from individual to individual and also in the individual at different times and in different situations. Self-beliefs of efficacy play a key role in the self-regulation of motivation. Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are important for a teacher. Teacher motivation leads to improved learning quality, better student achievement, school effectiveness, advancement of educational reforms and for the satisfaction and fulfilment of teachers themselves.
Decker, C. Eugene; Badger, Norman W.
Steven Chu, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in physics, graduated from Garden City High School on Long Island, New York, in 1966. The question naturally arises in any teacher's mind: "Is there something special about a Nobel prizewinner's early preparation?" We were at Garden City High School those three decades ago, along with Tom Miner, and we participated in a superior teaching environment.
ASIA Society, New York, NY.
This teacher's guide is based on the exhibition, "Visible Traces: Rare Books and Special Collections from the National Library of China," a collaborative effort of the Queens Borough Public Library and the National Library of China; it links rare treasures from the National Library of China to curriculum standards. The following themes are…
There are a multitude of powerful cultural archetypes and images of the school teacher. These include nurturing caregiver, guardian of morality, champion of the global economy, self-sacrificing do-gooder, cultural worker, intellectual, tyrant, and many more metaphors. Jim Garrison's essay introduces another figure, a mythological persona, to the…
This book is a guide to an approach to professional development in which one's own teaching is a field of inquiry. The book explores the nature of the university teacher's inquiry and the importance of questioning personal and intellectual values in university teaching. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to the Enquiry"; (2) "The Relationship…
Lavaroni, Charles W.; And Others
One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on water pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of water pollution and involves students in processes of…
In July 2011, Bill Gates told the "Wall Street Journal," "I'm enough of a scientist to want to say, "What is it about a great teacher?"" As a "practitioner" of sorts, the author has wondered the same thing for 15 years. The K-12 school sector generates little empirical research of any sort. And of this small amount, most is targeted to…
Louis Pasteur's career as a scientist and as a teacher of science is traced. The discovery of his ability and interest, his choice of teaching as a profession, the controversy over teaching versus research, and his methods of teaching science are included. (MNS)
University of California Museum of Paleontology
This website was designed to teach evolution to teachers and explain common misconceptions, while providing guidance and tools for teaching evolution in the classroom and avoiding some of the pitfalls of the evolution "debate." Topics include the history if evolution, the evidence for evolution, evolution in the news, and lesson plans and conceptual frameworks that can be used by educators.
Lavaroni, Charles W.; O'Donnell, Patrick A.
One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on air pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of air pollution and involves students in processes of…
Fletcher, Geoffrey H.
The author has taken the liberty of borrowing from past candidate (and president) Bill Clinton's "War Room" mantra to suggest that those who are working toward preparing schools for online assessments of Common Core State Standards (CCSS) might be forgetting the most important element in the process: the classroom teacher. The author argues that…
Bruno, Merle S.; And Others
This teacher's guide on earthworms includes four major sections: (1) introduction, (2) caring for earthworms in the classroom, (3) classroom activities, and (4) the appendix. The introduction includes information concerning grade level, scheduling, materials, obtaining earthworms, field study, classroom clean-up, and records. Caring for earthworms…
Riley, Tasha; Ungerleider, Charles
Having pursued policies of human rights and multiculturalism, Canadians regard themselves as tolerant. Yet some critics say that when it comes to Aboriginals, Canadians seem xenophobic and discriminatory. This study is the first empirical test of whether Canadian preservice teachers' judgments about the performance of Aboriginal students are…
In this article, the author talks about a system of special schools in Colombia which introduces students to teaching careers as early as the 8th grade. The Colombian system is based on a simple idea: Every student is a potential teacher. Principals talk about molding "ciudadano-pedagogos"--citizen-educators who view teaching as a way of…
This teacher's guide contains information, lesson plans, and diverse student learning activities focusing on aviation. The guide is divided into seven sections: (1) "Drawing Activities" (Airmail Art; Eyewitness; Kite Power); (2) "Geography" (U.S. Airports); (3) "Information" (Aviation Alphabet; Glossary; Four Forces of Flight; What about Wind?;…
Wayne, Andrew J.; Youngs, Peter; Fleischman, Steve
A common problem faced by new teachers is lack of supervisory support and learning on the job through trial and error can often dishearten the rookie enough to abandon the job and often the profession. Suggestions are offered on how to redress this problem and a starting point could be the implementation of what the Alliance for Excellent…
Full Text Available Our aim was to investigate differences in teacher stress and perceptions of school climate among teachers from schools with differing matriculation success rates in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Two schools with matric pass rates of 100% and two schools with matric pass rates of less than 25% were selected from a list of schools provided by the province's Educational District Circuit. The schools were matched in terms of area, size, resources, and equipment. Thirty-three teachers from the high performing schools and forty-two teachers from the poor performing schools participated in the study. Student's t tests were used to assess the differences between the schools on the variables under investigation, and the results showed the teachers' experience of stress across the different schools was not significantly different, but significant differences did emerge with regard to school climate. The implications of these findings for the study population are discussed.
Karen, Milner; Harriet, Khoza.
Full Text Available Our aim was to investigate differences in teacher stress and perceptions of school climate among teachers from schools with differing matriculation success rates in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Two schools with matric pass rates of 100% and two schools with matric pass rates of less than 25 [...] % were selected from a list of schools provided by the province's Educational District Circuit. The schools were matched in terms of area, size, resources, and equipment. Thirty-three teachers from the high performing schools and forty-two teachers from the poor performing schools participated in the study. Student's t tests were used to assess the differences between the schools on the variables under investigation, and the results showed the teachers' experience of stress across the different schools was not significantly different, but significant differences did emerge with regard to school climate. The implications of these findings for the study population are discussed.
Full Text Available The disappearance of method from academic discussions and the rise of the postmethod debate emanating from both the postmodernist philosophy and a globalized world have stirred a fresh round of discussion in academic circles in the field of the second language (L2 teaching profession. As a result of postmethod pedagogy, the teacher comes to the center of language learning and teaching and his/her beliefs, experiences and knowledge are greatly valued. Although postmethodists favor teacher autonomy, they do not favor the one-way flow of information inherent in a top-down syllabus, and provide a theoretical basis for the re-emergence of a learner-centered process syllabus and the negotiated contributions to syllabus development by both teachers and learners. Finally, although postmethod pedagogy favors a glocalized learner-centered curriculum, it is highly teacher-dependent since this is the postmethod teacher who can fulfill postmethod promises.
Full Text Available There is scarcity of empirical evidence focusing on teachers working in disadvantaged regions. Research has shown that being a teacher in a disadvantaged region brings psychological and social problems along with the educational ones. This article is based on a project supported by Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK as a part of science and nature schools project. This project aims to build a bridge between two different cultures, which will ensure an environment of cooperation and experience sharing among students and teachers. This study reveals the reflections of 13 teachers from Hakkari, who participated in the project and took professional development training as well as attending the science and culture oriented activities provided for their students. Face-to-face interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect the experiences of teachers. Two main themes emerged as a result of the content analysis: “interdisciplinary practice experiences” and “reflections related to the process of professional development”.
Full Text Available Educational borrowing may cause numerous dilemmas that emerge from cross-cultural differences among teachers in the globalization. Through the case study on the flipped classroom introduced from the United States into Chinese middle schools, this article presents an examination of dilemmas that teachers encountered during educational borrowing in the global era. Based on the theoretical literature on cultural-historical activity theory, the study used interviews, field observations, and documents from six secondary schools in mainland China for one and a half years to understand comprehensively the dilemmas that teachers encountered when implementing the flipped classroom. The findings indicate that understandings of knowledge production, transmission, and the goal of education in mainland China differ from those in the west, which is the main reason for the teacher dilemmas. Because of the diversity in social culture, we suggest that teachers should be more culturally sensitive and improve compatibility in the process of educational borrowing.
Della R. Leavitt
Full Text Available In Spring, 2012, seven New Jersey middle school mathematics teachers volunteered to lead an afterschool Professional Learning Community. The teachers set the meeting format, selected topics, and rotated facilitation of six 90-minute sessions. A university researcher, working within a National Science Foundation-sponsored Mathematics/Science Partnership, designed the project to investigate how, if at all, these activities would enhance teachers’ leadership. The researcher videotaped the teachers’ meetings, elicited written reflections, conducted interviews, and analyzed these data. Emergent themes included cohesiveness,commitment,focus on practice, respectful participation in controversies, changes in confidence and leadership. All seven teachers planned to continue meeting during the 2012-2013 school year.
Bengü Aksu Ataç
Problem Statement: A rapidly increasing interest has been observed in finding alternatives to traditional forms of assessment in education. For at least three decades, teachers, curriculum developers and program administrators have been studying hard to identify appropriate procedures to assess the knowledge and abilities of students. The term “authentic assessment” has emerged from this need in the field of education, and can be described as “the multiple forms of assessment that reflect stu...
Aksu Ataç, Bengü
Problem Statement: A rapidly increasing interest has been observed in finding alternatives to traditional forms of assessment in education. For at least three decades, teachers, curriculum developers and program administrators have been studying hard to identify appropriate procedures to assess the knowledge and abilities of students. The term “authentic assessment” has emerged from this need in the field of education, and can be described as “the multiple forms of assessment that reflect stu...
Alexandrou, A; O'Brien, J.
In the United Kingdom, teachers' professional associations and labor organizations, notably in the form of trade unions have historically been involved in education and training in the workplace. Recently, in the United Kingdom this activity has gained greater credence and importance due to the emergence of trade union learning representatives who are a new category of unpaid lay representation with statutory rights who operate within the workplace. They are part of the present UK government'...
LIP Paul Chi Hong
A number of studies have shown that teacher stress was due to teachers spending long hours in marking their students’ work such as quizzes and examination papers from large class sizes. With this problem in mind, a new web 2.0 technology has emerged, Quiz Center supported by DiscoverySchool.com which can help technophobic teachers make a free and easy-to-use online quiz. Online quizzes can be automatically marked by a script or managed by a server. In this paper, the following sections were a...
The purpose of this research was to explore pre-service elementary teachers' developing understanding of scientific inquiry within the context of their elementary science teaching and learning. More specifically, the study examined 24 pre-service elementary teachers' emerging understanding of (1) the nature of science and scientific inquiry; (2) the "place" of scientific inquiry in school science; and (3) the roles and responsibilities of teachers and students within an inquiry-based learning environment. Data sources consisted primarily of student-generated artifacts collected throughout the semester, including pre/post-philosophy statements and text-based materials collected from electronic dialogue journals. Individual data sources were open-coded to identify concepts and categories expressed by students. Cross-comparisons were conducted and patterns were identified. Assertions were formed with these patterns. Findings are hopeful in that they suggest pre-service teachers can develop a more contemporary view of scientific inquiry when immersed in a context that promotes this perspective. Not surprisingly, however, the prospective teachers encountered a number of barriers when attempting to translate their emerging ideas into practice. More research is needed to determine which teacher preparation experiences are most powerful in supporting pre-service teachers as they construct a framework for science teaching and learning that includes scientific inquiry as a central component.
Full Text Available This study investigated whether a senior teacher with many years of teaching experience, despite lacking adequate technology skills or contending with other barriers, can sufficiently implement technology integration in the classroom. The research was conducted between October 2013 and January 2014 and was focused on a junior high school biology teacher with 17 years of instructional experience. A qualitative method involving semistructured interviews and classroom observation of 4 conducted lessons was used to explore the teacher’s implementation of technology integration. The analytical results showed that the teacher’s perspectives on technology integration ranged from “technology as a tool for teaching” to “technology as a learning activator.” Moreover, external factors such as poor technology management affected the teacher’s implementation of technology integration. In addition, the teacher developed a technological-pedagogical-content-knowledge base, building on current pedagogical content knowledge. The findings of this study enhance the general understanding of the development and implementation of senior teachers regarding technology integration, as well as the integration of subject content and pedagogical knowledge in teaching.
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS. The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that varied in the proportion of including the subjective and objective judgement. Commonly diffused method is the Analytic Hierarchy or Network Process by prof. Saaty (AHP or ANP. Because it is not possible to see or to evaluate teacher’s competencies in complexity, we proposed the questionnaires for pairwise comparisons of various teacher’s managerial characteristics and competencies. These answers are then analysed using the AHP method. The AHP is a method deriving global weights from partial weights received as result of pairwise comparisons.
This paper describes the process used by a large industrial Department of Energy (DOE) site to communicate changing hazards to its stakeholders and install the confidence necessary to implement the resulting emergency planning changes. Over the last decade as the sites missions have shifted from full-scale production to a greater emphasis on environmental restoration and waste management, the off-site threat from its operations has substantially decreased. The challenge was to clearly communicate the reduced hazards, install confidence in the technical analysis that documented the hazard reduction, and obtain stakeholder buy-in on the path forward to change the emergency management program. The most significant change to the emergency management program was the proposed reduction of the sites Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ). As the EPZ is defined as an area for which planning is needed to protect the public in the event of an accident, the process became politically challenging. An overview of how the site initially approached this problem and then learned to more substantially involve the state and local emergency preparedness agencies and the local Citizens Advisory Board will be presented. (author)
Skaalvik, Einar M.; Skaalvik, Sidsel
In this study, the authors developed and factor analyzed the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale. They also examined relations among teacher self-efficacy, perceived collective teacher efficacy, external control (teachers' general beliefs about limitations to what can be achieved through education), strain factors, and teacher burnout.…
The transition from teacher education to work in schools has been described as an "epistemic clash". Teacher educators', novice teachers' and experienced teachers' valuation of the academic, practical and normative demands of teaching are compared using survey data from teacher education and schools. All groups value academic knowledge and…
Cox, Elena K.
The recommendations of the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and the multi-agency National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) identified the need to prepare the workforce and specialists in the field of nanotechnology in order for the United States to continue to compete in the global marketplace. There is a lack of research reported in recent literature on the readiness of secondary science teachers to introduce higher level sciences---specifically nanotechnology---in their classes. The central research question of this study examined secondary science teachers' beliefs about teaching nanotechnology comfortably, effectively, and successfully. Bandura's self-efficacy theory provided the conceptual framework for this phenomenological study. A data analysis rubric was used to identify themes and patterns that emerged from detailed descriptions during in-depth interviews with 15 secondary science teachers. The analysis revealed the shared, lived experiences of teachers and their beliefs about their effectiveness and comfort in teaching higher-level sciences, specifically nanotechnology. The results of the study indicated that, with rare exceptions, secondary science teachers do not feel comfortable or effective, nor do they believe they have adequate training to teach nanotechnology concepts to their students. These teachers believed they were not prepared or trained in incorporating these higher level science concepts in the curriculum. Secondary science teachers' self-efficacy and personal beliefs of effectiveness in teaching nanotechnology can be an important component in achieving a positive social change by helping to familiarize high school students with nanotechnology and how it can benefit society and the future of science.
Dr. Madhvi Rathore
Full Text Available English is a language which has vast scope and influences the whole personality of an individual. There is no doubt that English has become a universal language. Today language teachers are frequently making use of technology. The use of technology not only helps in improving the basic skills but also positively contributes in the development of high thinking skills. The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive white board is attracting the students in classroom. Teachers can teach students basic grammatical rules from the English language exercises available on the Internet. Students can use on line dictionaries, pronouncing dictionaries to improve their communication skills. Students can learn English through language games, video, audio clips, text on internet and other internet language learning software. This paper intends to maximize the positive effect of new emerging technology in teaching English language and to minimize the negative effects of emerging technology in English language teaching. New media usually includes: online news, websites, 3-D and virtual reality environments and effects, highly interactive user interfaces, mobiles, presentation and computing capabilities, telephones, online communities, live internet broadcasting and print media. Our general aim is to explore the design and use of new emerging technology in English language teaching. New emerging technology makes learning atmosphere pleasant and conductive. It replaces our traditional class rooms into smart class rooms.
Phase transitions are well defined in physics through concepts such as spontaneous symmetry breaking, order parameter, entropy, and critical exponents. But emergence --- also exhibiting whole-part relations (such as top-down influence), unpredictability, and insensitivity to microscopic detail --- is a loosely-defined concept being used in many disciplines, particularly in psychology, biology, philosophy, as well as in physics[1,2]. I will review the concepts of emergence as used in the various fields and consider the extent to which the methods of phase transitions can clarify the usefulness of the concept of emergence both within the discipline of physics and beyond.1. Robert B. Laughlin, A Different Universe: Reinventing Physics from the Bottom Down (New York: Basic Books, 2005). 2. George F.R. Ellis, ``Physics and the Real World'', Physics Today, vol. 58, no. 7 (July 2005) pp. 49-54.
Full Text Available The aim of this paper to present some items of emergence in the foresight that should be meant and handled scientifically. It highlights three resources of social emergence. One of them is originated from the development of shared future views at a community level from the individual future shapes. The second one is originated from the relations among the foresight and its social environment and the outer conditions. The third one is originated from the double loop of discourse between subjective – inter-subjective and human – non-human world. The paper reasons that a meta-theory and an extended participatory approach should be needed to research, study and give meaning complex social emergence in the foresight.
de Badyn, Mathias Hudoba; Sabella-Garnier, Philippe; Yeh, Ken Huai-Che
In work arXiv:1204.2788, a surface embedded in flat $R^3$ is associated to any three hermitian matrices. We study this emergent surface when the matrices are large, by constructing coherent states corresponding to points in the emergent geometry. We find the original matrices determine not only shape of the emergent surface, but also a unique Poisson structure. We prove that commutators of matrix operators correspond to Poisson brackets. Through our construction, we can realize arbitrary noncommutative membranes: for example, we examine a round sphere with a non-spherically symmetric Poisson structure. We also give a natural construction for a noncommutative torus embedded in $R^3$. Finally, we make remarks about area and find matrix equations for minimal area surfaces.
Since the early 1980s, a growing amount of attention has been paid to a small group of mostly developing countries that have come to be called the emerging nuclear suppliers. Argentina and Brazil, China and South Korea, India and Pakistan, Spain and Yugoslavia have frequently been mentioned in this category. Their actual and potential nuclear export dealings and policies have been the subject of academic writings and policy papers, of scholarly symposia and exchanges at meetings of the traditional nuclear suppliers. With foundation and other support, UCLA's Center for International and Strategic Affairs has begun a major project to develop a database on the transactions, policies, and export control institutions of the emerging suppliers. This chapter provides some guidelines for policy toward the emerging nuclear suppliers
This presentation highlighted the findings of the 2009 review of the fuel cell industry and emerging markets as they appeared in Fuel Cell Today (FCT), a benchmark document on global fuel cell activity. Since 2008, the industry has seen a 50 per cent increase in fuel cell systems shipped, from 12,000 units to 18,000 units. Applications have increased for backup power for datacentres, telecoms and light duty vehicles. The 2009 review focused on emerging markets which include non-traditional regions that may experience considerable diffusion of fuel cells within the next 5 year forecast period. The 2009 review included an analysis on the United Arab Emirates, Mexico, Brazil and India and reviewed primary drivers, likely applications for near-term adoption, and government and private sector activity in these regions. The presentation provided a forecast of the global state of the industry in terms of shipments as well as a forecast of countries with emerging markets
McClelland, James L
The study of human intelligence was once dominated by symbolic approaches, but over the last 30 years an alternative approach has arisen. Symbols and processes that operate on them are often seen today as approximate characterizations of the emergent consequences of sub- or nonsymbolic processes, and a wide range of constructs in cognitive science can be understood as emergents. These include representational constructs (units, structures, rules), architectural constructs (central executive, declarative memory), and developmental processes and outcomes (stages, sensitive periods, neurocognitive modules, developmental disorders). The greatest achievements of human cognition may be largely emergent phenomena. It remains a challenge for the future to learn more about how these greatest achievements arise and to emulate them in artificial systems. PMID:25164055
Full Text Available It is common ground amongst almost all commentators that the world has changed radically over the past 25 years – the 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall heralded the ending of the Cold War, the reunification of a tragically divided Europe, and the acceleration of the process of globalisation which has its only comparable period in the decades leading up to the First World War in 1914. When analyzing the Emerging World Order it is important to cover more than Brazil economy or any other individual BRICs or other Emerging Powers. Instead, our analysis will provide a global view about the economic and political global power structures which are evolving and forming before our eyes, and then to talk about the challenges these emerging realities pose for us in Europe, and in the West in general.
The Hanford Emergency Response Plan for the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL), incorporates into one document an overview of the emergency management program for the Hanford Site. The program has been developed in accordance with DOE orders, and state and federal regulations to protect worker and public health and safety and the environment in the event of an emergency at or affecting the Hanford Site. This plan provides a description of how the Hanford Site will implement the provisions of DOE 5500 series and other applicable Orders in terms of overall policies and concept of operations. It should be used as the basis, along with DOE Orders, for the development of specific contractor and RL implementing procedures
The use of German aha in the classroom: Teachers’ demonstration and instrumentalization of aha as a response to the storytelling of children with cochlear implants : The use of German aha in the classroom with cochlear-implanted children
Response particles serve a variety of interactional purposes and are as such an essential element of conversations. One of the purposes response particles are used for is to index a change of state, that is to the display that the speaker has undergone a shift from being un-informed to being informed. In this paper I investigate one specific type of response particle, the German change-of-state token ‘aha’ and how it is used by a teacher in the classroom with prelingually deafened and cochlear-implanted children. ‘Aha’ has been documented to display surprise, thus indicating that an utterance has informed the speaker and marking an epistemic shift from that of –K (not knowing) to + K (knowing) of the producer. Based on 60 storytellings of children with cochlear-implants I show that the teacher in fact uses ‘aha’ for two purposes: firstly, as a demonstration of news receipt after unknown information within the story and secondly, as a tool to acknowledge the child’s effort to improve his/her language production. I conclude with a summary of the findings, discussing the implications the teacher’s differentiated use of ‘aha’ may have for the children and their acquisition of interactional competence.
Eneida Oto Shiroma
Full Text Available This article discusses the current proposals of teacher assessment in Brazil. Based on historical materialism, we analysed national and international documents aiming at identifying the goals of this sort of assessment, the justifications for its implementation and debates about its outcomes. We found convergences between the policies recommended by the multilateral agencies, especially by the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and those adopted in Brazil, which indicates the great interest and influence of multilateral organizations in the development of policies for teachers. The first reactions of teachers, researchers, teacher associations and training institutions, added to the experiences of other countries that have adopted teacher assessment policies earlier, help us to understand possible outcomes and implications of these policies for teachers as a class, their careers and unions.
Fifty arteriographic examinations that imaged virtually all common sites of vascular trauma have been performed in the emergency department trauma room using portable angiographic equipment. Features of the mobile DSA C-arm system such as real-time subtraction at 30 frames per second, window and level controls, frame averaging, catheter road mapping, and automatic peak opacification allow rapid acquisition of excellent quality angiograms, with relatively low volumes of contrast agents. The availability of this technique in the emergency department significantly decreases triage time in level I trauma center care
In most of today's emergency scenarios information plays a crucial role. Therefore, information has to be constantly collected and shared among all rescue team members and this requires new innovative technologies. In this paper a classification of emergency scenarios is presented, describing their special characteristics and common strategies employed by rescue units to handle them. Based on interviews with professional firefighters, requirements for new systems are listed. The goal of this article is to support developers designing new systems by providing them a deeper look into the work of first responders.
Thunugunta Swathi*, B Veera Mallu
The main focus of EVRS is not to design a cost friendly system. Instead, it is on as useful it could get to save the life of people. System is easily operable and understanding the system helps people. A warning system for alerting the driver of a private vehicle that an emergency vehicle is approaching. In the daily life we always see that there is always a problem to an emergency vehicle such as ambulance, patrol car and fire-fighter to pass through traffic light because it was red and it’s...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST Radiochemistry Intercomparison Program [NRIP]) and the Environmental Measurements Laboratory (EML Performance Testing [PT] 0904) recently conducted two separate radiological emergency preparedness exercises to evaluate participating radioanalytical laboratories' capability of making measurements under a short time constraint. Results of the exercises demonstrated that radioanalytical laboratories can respond within eight hours to better than a factor of two, laboratories need to do a better job of estimating uncertainties of their measurements, the quality of the laboratory capabilities must be appropriate and demonstrated prior to real emergencies, and exercises will help laboratories and consequence managers be prepared for the real event. (author)
Zander, N. [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS), Oberschleissheim/Neuherberg (Germany); Sogalla, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheim (GRS) mbH, Koeln (Germany)
In order to cope with accidents beyond the design basis within German nuclear power plants which possibly lead to relevant radiological consequences, the utilities as well as the competent authorities exist emergency organisations. The efficiency, capacity for teamwork and preparedness of such organisations should be tested by regular, efficient exercise activities. Such activities can suitably be based on scenarios which provide challenging tasks for all units of the respective emergency organisation. Thus, the demonstration and further development of the efficiency of the respective organisational structures, including their ability to collaborate, is promoted. (orig.)
Full Text Available A sixty five years male presented with stridor and dysphonia in emergency clinic of Govt. CIMS medical college, Bilaspur. Indirect laryngoscopic examination revealed a polypoidal lesion in glottic chink. CT scan evaluation confirmed the findings of clinical examination. Patient was relived of symptoms after emergency tracheostomy followed by surgical removal of polypoidal lesion from right vocal cord by microlaryngeal surgery. Histopathological examination revealed myxoma. Clinical examination after eight months showed significant improvement in hoarseness of voice with no evidence of recurrence of lesion. [Natl J Med Res 2014; 4(2.000: 175-177
Several severe radiological emergencies were reviewed to determine the likely range of conditions which must be coped with by a mobile teleoperator designed for emergencies. The events reviewed included accidents at TMI (1978), SL-1 (1961), Y-12 (1958), Bethesda (1982), Chalk River (1952 and 1958), Lucens (1969). The important conditions were: radiation fields over 10,000 R/h, severe contamination, possible critical excursion, possible inert atmosphere, temperatures from 500C to -200C, 100% relative humidity, 60-cm-high obstacles, stairs, airlocks, darkness, and lack of electric power
Igwebuike, Thomas B.; Okandeji, Comfort O.; Ekwevugbe, Adams O.
Effectiveness of teaching reflects interplay among a number of teacher-variables prominent among which is the teacher’s conceptions of teaching and learning. In educational institutions where teachers are educated, the influence of these conceptions on effectiveness is geometric. This is because teacher educators are teachers of teachers and most teachers teach the way they were taught. Two major conceptions of teaching (traditionalist/transmissive and contemporary/constructivist) have been d...
Providers of extra professional support usually work with children with special needs individually in resource rooms because individual instruction allows them to focus on one’s individual needs. Despite that, teamwork between providers of extra professional support and teachers is necessary. Some foreign surveys show benefits of teamwork, especially team teaching between teachers and special education teachers for children with and without special needs. They believe that children with speci...
... NKF Newsroom Contact Us You are here Home » Emergency Meal Planning for Diabetics Why do I need an emergency meal plan? This meal plan is for you ... the emergency . What should I expect during an emergency situation? Many things we depend on daily may ...
Sowder, Mary; Leavitt, Teresa; Smith, Thomas B.; Tanase, Madalina
Metaphors representing the practice of teacher educators were the data for this collaborative self-study by a small group of teacher educators from across the USA. Seventy-five pre-service teachers and practicing teachers enrolled in teacher education courses were asked to create metaphors to represent the teaching practices of the authors, who…
Wilson, Suzanne M.
Research on teacher quality is not definitive. But, we know that developing high-quality teachers requires a multipronged approach: We need to recruit promising teachers. We need to retain and reward effective early career teachers. We need mechanisms to dismiss those who don't improve. We need to focus teacher preparation on the foundations of…
National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011
For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher…
The task of teacher personnel policies should be to get good teaching done with justice and economy. The current state of teacher personnel policies is that they are reasonably fair to teachers and extremely unfair to students, parents, and taxpayers. They protect all teachers, but they excessively protect the incompetent teacher. A system of…
Wechsler, Marjorie E.; Caspary, Kyra; Humphrey, Daniel C.; Matsko, Kavita Kapadia
The objective of this research is to explore comprehensively the effect of induction on new teachers. Through a mixed-method design, the authors examine both the inputs of induction (i.e., the types of support provided for new teachers, its content, and frequency) and a variety of outcomes (i.e., teacher efficacy, teacher-reported growth, teacher…
Girdhar lal Sharma
Full Text Available Education in the Indian region faces a number of problems. These problems include the shortage of qualified teachers, very large student populations, high drop-out rates of students and teachers, and weak curriculum. All of these negative aspects result in poor delivery of education. The education crisis is worsened by the devastating effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, increasing poverty, a brain drain in the teaching community, budgetary constraints, poor communication, and inadequate infrastructure.While societies in the region undergo rapid changes as a result of increased access to information, the majority of the school-going youth continue to undergo traditional rote learning. ICTs are one of the major contemporary factors shaping the global economy and producing rapid changes in society. They have fundamentally changed the way people learn, communicate, and do business.
Hansen, Per Skafte
The teacher of the new renaissance engineer must be able to draw on all of his or her possible resources, while inspiring students to do likewise. A somewhat pedestrian tabular method is proposed for analysing what skills and propensities are available or desirable and for managing their balanced embedding into the teaching activities. Also, to avoid the pitfall of intimidating students with the apparently massive renaissance-style demands, a method of camouflaging the learning tasks is outlined and briefly illustrated.
Full Text Available Following the large investigation in the labor universe, teachers give a good illustration for “Working to be happy” (Christian Baudelot, Michel Gollac, 2003. But the question is about the reasons: what are the anthropological needs that profession answer through its sociological organization? This article investigates the cohesion of the French teachers of all grades, from pre-school level to university, manifest in the last social movement, and which can be understood as an expression of values and educational background. As one of a number of social strategies, the quest for a certain standard of living may outline the main side of this professional choice: a humanist career resolution for women and men as well.At the first level, the study provides evidences of the public-private and republican-liberal cleavage, which against all expectations, actually cuts through the male-female divide. So, if we go back to the analyses of Alain Chenu and Nicolas Herpin (2006, we cannot make conclusions on behalf of this professional category, which has shown strong, compact or homogeneous resistance to the restructuring of the order of civic priorities between equality and freedom. However, the study finds in a second level, that the humanism of the majority of teachers is based on equality of the sexes, security and respect in their work, modest material needs and the importance of time for themselves and their families. This category has found that teaching offers the conditions in which they may uphold values founded on human rights. The cohesion of the French teachers can be understood as an expression against indivudual competition.
Larry H. Ludlow
Full Text Available Given the high stakes of teacher testing, there is no doubt that every teacher test should meet the industry guidelines set forth in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Unfortunately, however, there is no public or private business or governmental agency that serves to certify or in any other formal way declare that any teacher test does, in fact, meet the psychometric recommendations stipulated in the Standards. Consequently, there are no legislated penalties for faulty products (tests nor are there opportunities for test takers simply to raise questions about a test and to have their questions taken seriously by an impartial panel. The purpose of this article is to highlight some of the psychometric results reported by National Evaluation Systems (NES in their 1999 Massachusetts Educator Certification Test (MECT Technical Report, and more specifically, to identify those technical characteristics of the MECT that are inconsistent with the Standards. A second purpose of this article is to call for the establishment of a standing test auditing organization with investigation and sanctioning power. The significance of the present analysis is twofold: a psychometric results for the MECT are similar in nature to psychometric results presented as evidence of test development flaws in an Alabama class-action lawsuit dealing with teacher certification (an NES-designed testing system; and b there was no impartial enforcement agency to whom complaints about the Alabama tests could be brought, other than the court, nor is there any such agency to whom complaints about the Massachusetts tests can be brought. I begin by reviewing NES's role in Allen v. Alabama State Board of Education, 81-697-N. Next I explain the purpose and interpretation of standard item analysis procedures and statistics. Finally, I present results taken directly from the 1999 MECT Technical Report and compare them to procedures, results, and consequences of procedures followed by NES in Alabama.
Help your students analyze the media and its messages by following the links below. What is media literacy? New Mexico Media Literacy Project s definition Kaiser Family Foundation: Key Facts Sheet (PDF) Lesson Plan Links Read Write Think Media Lesson Plan Links for Students PBS for Kids Don t Buy It! TV411 Finding Faulty Logic in Advertising Other Helpful Links University of Oregon Resources Web English Teacher (Links) ...
Jock Collins; Carol Reid
One of the features of contemporary society is the increasing global mobility of professionals. While the education industry is a key site of the demand for contemporary global professional migration, little attention has been given to the global circulation of education professionals. Over past decades, immigrant teachers have been an important component of skilled and professional immigration into Australia, there is no comprehensive contemporary national study of the experiences of immigra...
This study began as an exploration of the following questions: What do individual science teachers bring into their teaching that frames and mediates their teaching philosophy and of what, if any, value is it in science education? Drawing from a life history case study of Anna, an in-service science teacher, I show that her moral beliefs, perceptions, experiences, and interests dialectically frame and mediate her views of science teaching. Anna brings into her classroom her personal philosophy of teaching and learning. This is in contrast to studies concluding that different aspects of teachers' personal philosophies, such as their understanding of the nature of science and their behavior and pedagogical decisions are not connected and may be neatly segregated from one another. In the "transmission" [Transmission is presented in quotes because in this manuscript it is used dialectically, as opposed to a one-directional and "objective" process. The science teacher is not just a "lens" for the transmission of cultural capital; the cultural capital "transmitted" though Anna is seen as existing in a state of creation/recreation.] of cultural capital, Anna embodies dialectical relationships and processes, not just as a mediator of culture, but also as an organic entity that contributes to how culture is created, recreated and exchanged in a science classroom, and as such, is referred to here as an organic link. Science teacher identity and science teaching philosophy are thus seen as much closer to the human experience—merging the intellectual, the personal, the cultural, the political, and the environmental with the relationships and the processes that connect each to the others and to the whole. They are viewed as, at once, being mediated by as well as mediating one another. I argue that the total of what science teaching is exceeds the sum of its commonly "measurable" parts, like content and pedagogical knowledge. Although the designing and framing of this study was initially a life history investigation, a dialectical approach and analysis were found to be necessary to develop the theoretical conceptualization of the emerging interwoven themes, illustrating how the researcher's own philosophy and development are dialectically intertwined with, and at once affect and are effects of the research process and outcomes.
Jonett, Connie L. Foye
The Motivation of Teachers to Assume the Role of Cooperating Teacher This study explored a phenomenological understanding of the motivation and influences that cause experienced teachers to assume pedagogical training of student teachers through the role of cooperating teacher. The research question guiding the study was what motivates teachers to…
Margolis, Jason; Doring, Anne
This article looks across six years of teacher leadership research to explore what today's teachers want (and don't want) from teacher leaders. A secondary analysis was conducted on volumes of teacher leader data, focused on teacher leader-teacher interactions, using a "justice" and "integrity"-oriented framework.…
Hemenway, M. K.; Armosky, B. J.
Innovative telescopes require innovative activities to explore their uniqueness. In preparation for the opening of the Texas Astronomy Education Center at McDonald Observatory in Fall 2001, we have prepared new "hand-on, minds-on" activities for secondary schools. These inquiry-based activities allow students to compare the construction, pricing, and structural design of the Hobby-Eberly Telescope to more traditional designs. Students explore basic optics using small flat mirrors before building a human model of the primary mirror. With both the human model and basic optics principles, they discover the need for a tracker to follow a star across the sky throughout an observation as Earth rotates beneath the stationary telescope. These activities are posed as a series of challenges to the student. An addition activity on using optic fiber describes how light is transferred to the astronomical instruments. These activities, which are aligned with the National Science Education Standards, have been piloted at several teacher workshops. They are a prototype for a series of activities that we are developing for future teacher workshops and on-line dissemination to teachers. Support for this project from the Friends of McDonald Observatory is gratefully acknowledged.
The emergence of new foodborne pathogens is due to a number of factors. An important factor is the globalization of the food supply with the possibility of the introduction of foodborne pathogens from other countries. Animal husbandry, food production, food processing, and food distribution system...
Haeri, Sina; Marcozzi, David
During and after disasters, focus is directed toward meeting the immediate needs of the general population. As a result, the routine health care and the special needs of some vulnerable populations such as pregnant and postpartum women may be overlooked within a resource-limited setting. In the event of hazards such as natural disasters, manmade disasters, and terrorism, knowledge of emergency preparedness strategies is imperative for the pregnant woman and her family, obstetric providers, and hospitals. Individualized plans for the pregnant woman and her family should include knowledge of shelter in place, birth at home, and evacuation. Obstetric providers need to have a personal disaster plan in place that accounts for work responsibilities in case of an emergency and business continuity strategies to continue to provide care to their communities. Hospitals should have a comprehensive emergency preparedness program utilizing an "all hazards" approach to meet the needs of pregnant and postpartum women and other vulnerable populations during disasters. With lessons learned in recent tragedies such as Hurricane Katrina in mind, we hope this review will stimulate emergency preparedness discussions and actions among obstetric providers and attenuate adverse outcomes related to catastrophes in the future. PMID:25751222
Kurtz, Michael J
It is now a commonplace observation that human society is becoming a coherent super-organism, and that the information infrastructure forms its emerging brain. Perhaps, as the underlying technologies are likely to become billions of times more powerful than those we have today, we could say that we are now building the lizard brain for the future organism.
Blanchard, A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Bell, K.; Kelly, J.; Hudson, J.
In 1995 the SRS Fire Department published the initial Operations Basis Document (OBD). This document was one of the first of its kind in the DOE complex and was widely distributed and reviewed. This plan described a multi-mission Fire Department which provided fire, emergency medical, hazardous material spill, and technical rescue services.
This paper discusses the financing of emerging energies in Canada. Transforming energy markets will involve billions of dollars of investment from businesses and residents. Many different types of return on investment can be expected. These benefits will continue to grow over time and provide a permanent income
Pankaj Agarwal; Ashu Agarwal
ED visits for dental care are on the rise. Some dental conditions can progress to life-threatening complications; stabilizing patients in such cases is incumbent on the emergency physician, as is management of pain and, to some extent, of the dental condition or injury itself. This article reviews basic dental anatomy as well as nontraumatic and traumatic causes of dental pain.
In 1995 the SRS Fire Department published the initial Operations Basis Document (OBD). This document was one of the first of its kind in the DOE complex and was widely distributed and reviewed. This plan described a multi-mission Fire Department which provided fire, emergency medical, hazardous material spill, and technical rescue services
Berardinelli, Ricardo Porto; Correa, Kleber Macedo; Moura Filho, Nelson Barboza de; Fernandez, Carlos Antonio [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Matos, Jose Eduardo Nogueira de [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
The operation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is pioneering within the PETROBRAS System. PETROBRAS Transporte - TRANSPETRO is going to operate two flexible LNG terminals, located in Ceara and Rio de Janeiro. In accordance with the Corporate Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) Directive - Training, Education and Awareness, PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. - TRANSPETRO has prepared an action plan with the objective of ensuring the operational safety of the undertaking. Among other actions a training program for the emergency control of LNG will be inserted into the timetable. The above mentioned training program was held over a period of 20 hours, and was divided between theory and practice. In the theoretical part, the characteristics of the product, the history of accidents and the emergency response procedures were covered. In the practical part, 3000 gallons of LNG were utilized where the behavior of the product could be confirmed following a confined leak, thereby verifying the efficacy of the emergency control resources. The teaching process of the course was developed in the company through the preparation of specific procedures, emergency plans and the formation of internal instructors. (author)
This conference focuses on the following major topics, presented in various written formats from speakers presentations: future of nuclear power and the problems of low-level radioactive waste storage; regulatory cooperation and reform in emergency planning; emergency management, monitoring and health assessment; standardization of exercise report form; social, political, economic, and agricultural concerns in emergency planning; organizational activities of the Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program; Emergency planning in Australia
Full Text Available This paper explores the women teachers: a sociological analysis. Women teachers played an important role in teaching profession. Teacher education is manifested locally, as lived experience, in women teacher educators' working lives. particularly through the social regulation of gender conflicts in the workplace - the terms and conditions upon which women are expected to function as 'workers' in the changing contexts of teacher education. Particular attention is paid to intensified research cultures, assessments of professionalism and fiscal restraints. Teacher education is seen as a key example where tensions surrounding female workers are often complex and contradictory, and where reforms have been implemented cross-nationally in a profession which maintains very specific historical and local patterns of work.
Ewald Kiel; Sabine Weiß; Thomas Eberle
At the present time German teacher training is confronted with a great political will to bring about change. International comparative studies of recent years have shown a dissatisfying learning outcome. The most dramatic result is a strong interdependence of school success and social background. German teachers experience their profession as problematic. At present only 35% work until the normal pension age. The article discusses structural differences in teacher training compared to other c...
Inquiry-based teaching strives to engage students in learning mathematics with understanding in the classroom. Therefore, there is great interest in supporting teachers to meet this pedagogical challenge by developing practices that promote such an educational environment at different school levels. A powerful way for teachers to learn and transform their teaching is through teacher inquiry. This paper presents a model for inquiry into mathematics teaching based on the perspectives of t...
The transition from teacher education to work in schools has been described as an “epistemic clash”. Teacher educators’, novice teachers’ and experienced teachers’ valuation of the academic, practical and normative demands of teaching are compared using survey data from teacher education and schools. All groups value academic knowledge and practical skills highly. Teacher educators take a more positive attitude toward inclusion, and differ in their views of the normative demands of teaching. ...
Presentation with acute abdominal pain or abdominal symptopathology is a very common cause of presentation of children to hospital. The causes are dependent in part on the age of the child, in part on the presence of previous surgery, and can be divided into those that relate to congenital abnormalities at whatever age they present, acquired disease and infection. Children, particularly young children are often poor historians, and therefore the clinical examination and the laboratory investigations are important in helping to come to a diagnosis. Primary imaging of abdominal emergencies in childhood is a radiograph of the abdomen, followed by ultrasound. Further imaging depends on the results of these studies. An ordered review of the abdomen radiograph is important if the salient features on X-ray are not to be missed. Practitioners should be competent with abdominal ultrasound in children and know where to seek the causes of disease, as these are different from those that are obtained in many instances in adults. Familiarity with the likely causes is important. The three commonest causes of acute abdominal pain in childhood are, in young infants, intussusception, appendicitis and mesenteric adenitis. In older children, inflammatory bowel disease and ovarian pathology are also included. This article details the approach to imaging and the salient features of some of the conditions. (orig.)
Full Text Available The study examined the extent to which there were changes in pre-service teachers’ beliefs, expectations and other teacher preparation issues over a four-year period at the University of Trinidad and Tobago. The study was guided by the conceptual framework of Calderhead and Shorrock (1997 – the personal, critical, academic, practical and technical orientation - and compared pre-service teachers’ reflections on these five components before and after their exposure to the practicum at the university. The participants in the study were 36 pre-service beginning teachers who were never exposed to any teacher training programme. There were 12 males and 24 females whose average ages were 24 years. Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews at the beginning and the end of the four year period. The interview data were audio-taped and later transcribed in the tradition of grounded theory (Glaser and Strauss, 1967. Systematic coding was used to uncover key features and emerging themes from the first and second phases of the study. Five categories consistent with the conceptual framework of the study were identified: beliefs and expectations, mentorship support, resource adequacy, content and pedagogical knowledge and adequate classroom experiences. The findings suggested there were some changes in pre-service beliefs and expectations and other preparation issues. There were also mixed messages from the beginning teachers with regard to adequate resources, mentorship support and classroom experiences. Recommendations were made for the continuing professional development of these novice teachers.
Announced on July 25, this new 28-page guide from the US Department of Education is aimed at new teachers, "with a particular emphasis on the relationships they formed with their colleagues, university professors, and their students' parents." The guide is divided into sections that examine these relationships (Working With Parents, Working With Veteran Teachers, Working With Principals, and Working With College and University Education Professors) and also includes reflections from award-winning first-year teachers. Several select links of use to first-year teachers are also provided.
Full Text Available In this article we analyze the characteristics of gifted and talented students’ expert teachers. The subject background and the specific proprieties of the instructional process to meet gifted students’ educational needs are analyzed. The value of teacher-student interactions and of teaching and learning styles are highlighted. Also, we include different action guidelines and instructional resources to use in the classroom to teach these students. There is not an ideal teacher for high ability students. However, teachers must know what the teaching-learning processes are and how these work, and the diverse psychological, content and contextual variables involved in such processes.
Rocío Anguita Martínez
Full Text Available Gender equality among women and men has been, and still is a key issue regarding the development of formal education systems. In some way, it can be seen as the cornerstone of equity. Although the most visible gender issues are drawing back in our country, others specially related to the hidden curriculum are still present. Teacher´s initial and lifelong training constitute the best tool to minimize the aforementioned hidden-curriculum-related gender inequalities. However, there is not much done with this regard in our current teacher´s formal training system.
Azam, Mehtabul; Kingdon, Geeta
Using administrative data from linked private schools from one of districts in India that matches 8,319 pupils to their subject specific teachers at the senior secondary level, we estimate the importance of individual teachers on student outcomes in the high-stake senior secondary exam (at the end of twelfth-grade). We control for prior achievement at the secondary level (at the end of tenth-grade) to estimate the value added of a teacher over a two year course, and define a good teacher as o...
Lund Larsen, Lea
In this paper, I examine the field of adult learners from the teachers’ perspective. Firstly, I identify the characteristics of adults as learners and their particular needs, which teach- ers must be aware of and deal with. Secondly, I propose a combination of adult learners’ characteristics with ‘teaching orientations’, as a basis for further research on teachers of adults’ professional development. Some competencies can be taught in formal settings, but a large amount of the teacher’s career is spent in the classroom where (s)he manage the teaching by practising, and hopefully learning by experience in the field.
Teaching is a difficult profession in and of itself. The job is even more challenging for new teachers. Mentor teachers can help student teachers overcome common fears by offering some basic management strategies for starting the year right.
Alice Merab Kagoda
Full Text Available Teacher professional development (TPD is important in keeping teachers abreast with changes that characterise the 21st century schools. However, TPD will only be valuable if teachers perceive it as important. Moreover the varying perceptions of teacher professional development by teachers are likely to affect their view of TPD. Using data collected from secondary school teachers, this study explored teachers’ understanding of the concept “teacher professional development, TPD approaches used by teachers and barriers/constraints they face. Results show that teachers have narrow understanding of the concept, and that to many TPD meant subject content upgrading by going back to teacher training college, while others view it as attending workshops and seminars. Barriers mentioned included shortage of time, lack of funds, lack of motivation and support by head teachers and government as a whole. Researchers recommend that teacher education should incorporate a component of professional teacher development in the initial teacher training. The head teachers and Ministry of Education and Sports should support in-service teachers in their endeavour to develop professionally. Teachers with low selfesteem should be motivated through attendance of conferences, workshops and group activities at local level.
Gilson Soares Feitosa-Filho
Full Text Available As urgências e as emergências hipertensivas são ocorrências clínicas que podem representar mais de 25% dos atendimentos a urgências médicas. O médico deverá estar habilitado a diferenciá-las, pois o prognóstico e o tratamento são distintos. Estima-se que 3% de todas as visitas às salas de emergência decorrem de elevações significativas da pressão arterial. Nos quadros relacionados a estes atendimentos, a emergência hipertensiva é a entidade clínica mais grave que merece cuidados intensivos. É caracterizada por pressão arterial marcadamente elevada e sinais de lesões de órgãos-alvo (encefalopatia, infarto agudo do miocárdio, angina instável, edema agudo de pulmão, eclâmpsia, acidente vascular encefálico. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar os principais pontos sobre o seu apropriado diagnóstico e tratamento. Foi realizada busca por artigos originais com os unitermos "crise hipertensiva" e "emergência hipertensiva" nas bases de dados Pubmed e MedLine nos últimos dez anos. As referências disponíveis destes artigos foram verificadas. Os artigos foram identificados e revisados e o presente estudo condensa os principais resultados descritos. Para esta revisão foram considerados ensaios clínicos em língua inglesa, estudos retrospectivos e artigos de revisão. A crise hipertensiva é a entidade clínica com aumento súbito da PA (> 180 x 120 mmHg, acompanhada por sintomas, que podem ser leves (cefaléia, tontura, zumbido ou graves (dispnéia, dor precordial, coma e até morte, com ou sem lesão aguda de órgãos-alvo. Se os sintomas forem leves e sem lesão aguda de órgãos alvos, define-se a urgência hipertensiva. Se o quadro clínico apresentar risco de vida e refletir lesão aguda de órgãos-alvo têm-se, então, a emergência hipertensiva. Muitos pacientes também apresentam uma PA elevada demais, por não usarem suas medicações, tratando-se apenas de hipertensão arterial sistêmica crônica não controlada. Este conhecimento deve ser rotineiro ao emergencista e Intensivista no momento de decidir sobre a conduta.Emergencies and hypertensive crises are clinical situations which may represent more than 25% of all medical emergency care. Considering such high prevalence, physicians should be prepared to correctly identify these crises and differentiate between urgent and emergent hypertension. Approximately 3% of all visits to emergency rooms are due to significant elevation of blood pressure. Across the spectrum of blood systemic arterial pressure, hypertensive emergency is the most critical clinical situation, thus requiring special attention and care. Such patients present with high blood pressure and signs of acute specific target organ damage (such as acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, acute pulmonary edema, eclampsia, and stroke. Key elements of diagnosis and specific treatment for the different presentations of hypertensive emergency will be reviewed in this article. The MedLine and PubMed databases were searched for pertinent abstracts, using the key words "hypertensive crises" and "hypertensive emergencies". Additional references were obtained from review articles. Available English language clinical trials, retrospective studies and review articles were identified, reviewed and summarized in a simple and practical way. The hypertensive crisis is a clinical situation characterized by acute elevation of blood pressure followed by clinical signs and symptoms. These signs and symptoms may be mild (headache, dizziness, tinnitus or severe (dyspnea, chest pain, coma or death. If the patient presents with mild symptoms, but without acute specific target organ damage, diagnosis is hypertensive urgency. However, if severe signs and symptoms and acute specific target organ damage are present, then the patient is experiencing a hypertensive emergency. Some patients arrive at the emergency rooms with high blood pressure, but without any other sign or symptom. In these cases, they usually are not taking their medications correctly. Therefore, this is not
Gilson Soares, Feitosa-Filho; Renato Delascio, Lopes; Nilson Tavares, Poppi; Hélio Penna, Guimarães.
Full Text Available As urgências e as emergências hipertensivas são ocorrências clínicas que podem representar mais de 25% dos atendimentos a urgências médicas. O médico deverá estar habilitado a diferenciá-las, pois o prognóstico e o tratamento são distintos. Estima-se que 3% de todas as visitas às salas de emergência [...] decorrem de elevações significativas da pressão arterial. Nos quadros relacionados a estes atendimentos, a emergência hipertensiva é a entidade clínica mais grave que merece cuidados intensivos. É caracterizada por pressão arterial marcadamente elevada e sinais de lesões de órgãos-alvo (encefalopatia, infarto agudo do miocárdio, angina instável, edema agudo de pulmão, eclâmpsia, acidente vascular encefálico). O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar os principais pontos sobre o seu apropriado diagnóstico e tratamento. Foi realizada busca por artigos originais com os unitermos "crise hipertensiva" e "emergência hipertensiva" nas bases de dados Pubmed e MedLine nos últimos dez anos. As referências disponíveis destes artigos foram verificadas. Os artigos foram identificados e revisados e o presente estudo condensa os principais resultados descritos. Para esta revisão foram considerados ensaios clínicos em língua inglesa, estudos retrospectivos e artigos de revisão. A crise hipertensiva é a entidade clínica com aumento súbito da PA (> 180 x 120 mmHg), acompanhada por sintomas, que podem ser leves (cefaléia, tontura, zumbido) ou graves (dispnéia, dor precordial, coma e até morte), com ou sem lesão aguda de órgãos-alvo. Se os sintomas forem leves e sem lesão aguda de órgãos alvos, define-se a urgência hipertensiva. Se o quadro clínico apresentar risco de vida e refletir lesão aguda de órgãos-alvo têm-se, então, a emergência hipertensiva. Muitos pacientes também apresentam uma PA elevada demais, por não usarem suas medicações, tratando-se apenas de hipertensão arterial sistêmica crônica não controlada. Este conhecimento deve ser rotineiro ao emergencista e Intensivista no momento de decidir sobre a conduta. Abstract in english Emergencies and hypertensive crises are clinical situations which may represent more than 25% of all medical emergency care. Considering such high prevalence, physicians should be prepared to correctly identify these crises and differentiate between urgent and emergent hypertension. Approximately 3% [...] of all visits to emergency rooms are due to significant elevation of blood pressure. Across the spectrum of blood systemic arterial pressure, hypertensive emergency is the most critical clinical situation, thus requiring special attention and care. Such patients present with high blood pressure and signs of acute specific target organ damage (such as acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, acute pulmonary edema, eclampsia, and stroke). Key elements of diagnosis and specific treatment for the different presentations of hypertensive emergency will be reviewed in this article. The MedLine and PubMed databases were searched for pertinent abstracts, using the key words "hypertensive crises" and "hypertensive emergencies". Additional references were obtained from review articles. Available English language clinical trials, retrospective studies and review articles were identified, reviewed and summarized in a simple and practical way. The hypertensive crisis is a clinical situation characterized by acute elevation of blood pressure followed by clinical signs and symptoms. These signs and symptoms may be mild (headache, dizziness, tinnitus) or severe (dyspnea, chest pain, coma or death). If the patient presents with mild symptoms, but without acute specific target organ damage, diagnosis is hypertensive urgency. However, if severe signs and symptoms and acute specific target organ damage are present, then the patient is experiencing a hypertensive emergency. Some patients arrive at the emergency rooms with high blood pressure, but without any other sign or symptom. In these cases, they usually are not taking their medica
Moses, Lindsey; Busetti-Frevert, Rachel; Pritchard, Rachael
This article includes discussion about a formative study in which inquiry was used as ESL instruction for second-grade emerging bilinguals. Drawing on the literature and research surrounding English learners, comprehension, informational text and inquiry, the teachers and researcher integrated comprehension strategy instruction with inquiry and…
Shin, Min Sun; Recchia, Susan L.; Lee, Seung Yeon; Lee, Yoon Joo; Mullarkey, Lara S.
In this qualitative study, multidimensional characteristics of the emerging leadership behavior of six young children were examined within their early childhood classrooms (infant, toddler, and preschool). Grounded in a constructivist framework, the data were gathered through teacher interviews and classroom observations in a University-affiliated…
Arnold, David H.; Kupersmidt, Janis B.; Voegler-Lee, Mary Ellen; Marshall, Nastassja A.
This study examined the relationship between social functioning and emergent academic development in a sample of 467 preschool children (M=55.9 months old, SD=3.8). Teachers reported on children's aggression, attention problems, and prosocial skills. Preliteracy, language, and early mathematics skills were assessed with standardized tests. Better…
Walker, Carol; Foote, Martha M.
Discusses use of an emergent inquiry process and children's literature to examine gender bias in the school environment. Focuses on introducing student teachers to issues of gender bias in elementary education and ways of making elementary school students aware of biases in literature and their environment. Discusses the results of an intervention…
Lo, Jane-Jane; Van Zoest, Laura R
Research on the preparation and continued development of mathematics teachers is becoming an increasingly important subset of mathematics education research. Such research explores the attributes, knowledge, skills and beliefs of mathematics teachers as well as methods for assessing and developing these critical aspects of teachers and influences on teaching.Research Trends in Mathematics Teacher Education focuses on three major themes in current mathematics teacher education research: mathematical knowledge for teaching, teacher beliefs and identities, and tools and techniques to support teac
Teacher educators are faced with the challenges of preparing a new generation of teachers to effectively use the new learning tool in their teaching practices. ICT is an ocean. This paper focuses the possible usage of ICT in teacher education. ICT teacher training can take many forms. We can organize various ICTuse as: Main content focus of teacher training, Part of teaching methods, Core technology for delivering teacher training, and Facilitate professional development & networking. ICT can...
Previous findings from experimental and non-experimental studies have demonstrated that teachers differ in their effectiveness. In addition, evidence from non-experimental studies has indicated that teacher effects can last up to five years. This study used high-quality data from a four-year randomized experiment in which teachers and students were randomly assigned to classes to examine whether teacher effects on student achievement persist over time. Teacher effects are defined as teacher s...
Linda Darling-Hammond; Deborah J. Holtzman; Su Jin Gatlin; Julian Vasquez Heilig
Recent debates about the utility of teacher education have raised questions about whether certified teachers are, in general, more effective than those who have not met the testing and training requirements for certification, and whether some candidates with strong liberal arts backgrounds might be at least as effective as teacher education graduates. This study examines these questions with a large student-level data set from Houston, Texas that links student characteristics and achievement ...
Full Text Available Recent debates about the utility of teacher education have raised questions about whether certified teachers are, in general, more effective than those who have not met the testing and training requirements for certification, and whether some candidates with strong liberal arts backgrounds might be at least as effective as teacher education graduates. This study examines these questions with a large student-level data set from Houston, Texas that links student characteristics and achievement with data about their teachers' certification status, experience, and degree levels from 1995-2002. The data set also allows an examination of whether Teach for America (TFA candidates-recruits from selective universities who receive a few weeks of training before they begin teaching-are as effective as similarly experienced certified teachers. In a series of regression analyses looking at 4th and 5th grade student achievement gains on six different reading and mathematics tests over a six-year period, we find that certified teachers consistently produce stronger student achievement gains than do uncertified teachers. These findings hold for TFA recruits as well as others. Controlling for teacher experience, degrees, and student characteristics, uncertified TFA recruits are less effective than certified teachers, and perform about as well as other uncertified teachers. TFA recruits who become certified after 2 or 3 years do about as well as other certified teachers in supporting student achievement gains; however, nearly all of them leave within three years. Teachers' effectiveness appears strongly related to the preparation they have received for teaching.
Vieira, Flávia; Barbosa, Isabel Maria Antunes; Paiva, Madalena; Fernandes, Isabel Sandra
Teacher education towards teacher and learner autonomy is an ideological, value-laden choice whose purpose and outcomes need to be continuously scrutinised. The authors present three case studies where pre-service student teacher development practices were investigated, and discuss their value and shortcomings as regards their transformative direction. Our experience shows that criticality and role democratisation are difficult to achieve in this context, and that we need to...
Full Text Available Central to classroom teaching is the teacher/student interaction known as the "recitation", a process described by Gage and Berliner in this fashion:the continually repeated chain of events in which1. the teacher provides structuring, briefly formulating the topic or issue to be discussed, then2. the teacher solicits a response or asks a question of one or more students; then3. the student responds or answers the question; and4. the teacher reacts to the student's answer.Most of works spoken by teachers are emitted in the form of questions. In his review of studies which consider the role of questions in teaching, Gall reports a figure as high as 150 questions per hour for elementary school teachers, whicle Guilford notes that questioning represents as much as 80 percent of teacher talk.In the Bahamian context there has been little empirical research carried out of any kind, and as classroom teaching is the basic procedure in Bahamian education, many of the teacher behaviour variables that are involved, such as questioning, have yet to be assessed.
Witcher, Ann; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.
This study determined preservice teachers' perceptions about the characteristics of effective teachers and investigated factors (e.g., gender, ethnicity, age, year of study, area of specialization, and parental status) that may have influenced their responses. Participants were 219 students attending a large mid-Southern university. The students…
Fitzgerald, Angela; Schneider, Katrin
Impending change can provide us with the opportunity to rethink and renew the things that we do. The first phase of the Australian Curriculum implementation offers primary school teachers the chance to examine their approaches to science learning and teaching. This paper focuses on the perceptions of three primary school teachers regarding what…
Rhoads, Kathryn; Radu, Iuliana; Weber, Keith
Nine prospective secondary mathematics teachers were interviewed about their teaching internship experience. The results of these interviews revealed that 7 of the 9 participants professed to value reform-oriented teaching and conceptual understanding in mathematics, yet all were paired with cooperating teachers who seemed to value traditional…
Clandinin, D. Jean; Long, Julie; Schaefer, Lee; Downey, C. Aiden; Steeves, Pam; Pinnegar, Eliza; McKenzie Robblee, Sue; Wnuk, Sheri
Early career teacher attrition has most often been conceptualized as either a problem associated with individual factors (e.g. burnout) or a problem associated with contextual factors (e.g. support and salary). This study considered early career teacher attrition as an identity making process that involves a complex negotiation between individual…
St. Peterburg : Peterburgskaja Akademia postdiplomovo pedagogi?eskogo obrazovania, 2006, s. 97-99. [Care of educational institutions about children health . St. Peterburg (RU), 28.06.2006-30.06.2006] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : health * personality * teacher’s professiography Subject RIV: AN - Psychology
Gribble, Mary; And Others
This paper addresses the question of teacher socialization through contrived images, i.e., the influence of advertising as part of an educational and socialization process. It examines ways in which computer advertisements directed towards teachers influence their perceptions of how computers can and should be used, and how the same advertisements…
Ellett, Chad D.; And Others
This study investigated the predictive validity of the Teacher Performance Assessment Instruments (TPAI) using pupil gains on teacher-made tests (TMT) as a criterion. The TPAI and the TMT's were administered to 56 elementary and secondary classrooms in Georgia. Results supported the validity of the TPAI with a large number of correlations ranging…
A key educational reform proposal made in 2000 is to build a new culture for quality early childhood education through upgrading professional competence. Teachers are an important element of high-quality, developmentally appropriate early childhood programs. The Teacher Beliefs and Practices Survey (TBS) based on 2009 NAEYC Developmentally…
Columna, Luis; Foley, John T.; Lytle, Rebecca K.
The purpose of this study was to analyze both male and female physical education teacher attitudes toward cultural pluralism and diversity. Participants (N = 433)were adapted physical education specialists, physical education generalists, and teacher candidates. The research method was a descriptive cross-sectional survey (Fraenkel & Wallen,…
?ehulková, Oliva; ?ehulka, Evžen
Brno : Nakladatelství K?epela, 2003, s. 129-138. [U?itelé a zdraví /5./. Brno (CZ), 26.09.2002-27.09.2002] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : Teacher stress * teacher-pupil relationship * adolescence Subject RIV: AN - Psychology
General theory of relativity (or Lovelock extensions) is a dynamical theory; given an initial configuration on a space-like hypersurface, it makes a definite prediction of the final configuration. Recent developments suggest that gravity may be described in terms of macroscopic parameters. It finds a concrete manifestation in the fluid-gravity correspondence. Most of the efforts till date has been to relate equilibrium configurations in gravity with fluid variables. In order for the emergent paradigm to be truly successful, it has to provide a statistical mechanical derivation of how a given initial static configuration evolves into another. In this essay, we show that the energy transport equation governed by the fluctuations of the horizon-fluid is similar to Raychaudhuri equation and, hence gravity is truly emergent.
Created during the presidency of Jimmy Carter, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has its distant roots in the Congressional Act of 1803, which itself provided assistance to a New Hampshire town following a dramatic fire. Currently, FEMA is part of the Department of Homeland Security and continues to respond, plan for, and mitigate against disasters. The website itself is quite full of useful materials for the general public, as it features important information about current weather warnings around the United States and various guidebooks about preparing for when disasters strike. The homepage also has an interactive map of the U.S. that lets visitors know which counties have been designated for assistance in the wake of recent disaster and emergency declarations. The site also provides ample information about FEMA's current strategic plan and the organization's history and hierarchy.
Introduced by scientific articles conserning architecture and human rights in light of cultures, emergencies, social equality and sustainability, democracy, economy, artistic development and science into architecture. Concluding in definition of needs for new roles, processes and education of architecture. Followed by articles focusing on interdisciplinary research and design of emergency shelters as well as educational environments. Finally concretized in 35 studies from international workshops arranged globally on and by different architect schools: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Denmark, Architettura di Alghero in Italy, Architecture and Design of Kocaeli University in Turkey, University of Aguascalientes in Mexico, Architectura y Urbanismo of University of Chile and Escuela de Architectura of Universidad Austral in Chile.
Wu, Zhihao; Rahmede, Christoph; Bianconi, Ginestra
Networks are mathematical structures that are universally used to describe a large variety of complex systems such as the brain or the Internet. Characterizing the geometrical properties of these networks has become increasingly relevant for routing problems, inference and data mining. In real growing networks, topological, structural and geometrical properties emerge spontaneously from their dynamical rules. Nevertheless we still miss a model in which networks develop an emergent complex geometry. Here we show that a single two parameter network model, the growing geometrical network, can generate complex network geometries with non-trivial distribution of curvatures, combining exponential growth and small-world properties with finite spectral dimensionality. In one limit, the non-equilibrium dynamical rules of these networks can generate scale-free networks with clustering and communities, in another limit planar random geometries with non-trivial modularity. Finally we find that these properties of the geo...
Full Text Available Hantaviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family, which consists of vector-borne viruses. These viruses can provoke two infection types: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS - which occurs in the Old World - and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS - an emergent zoonosis that can be found in many countries of the western hemisphere. Rodents are hantavirus reservoirs and each species seems to host a different virus type. Humans acquire the infection by inhaling contaminated aerosol particles eliminated by infected animals. The factors involved in the emergence of hantavirus infections in the human population include ecological modifications and changes in human activities. The most important risk factor is contact between man and rodents, as a result of agricultural, forestry or military activities. Rodent control remains the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus diseases, including via health education and hygienic habits.