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Teachers' Use of Motivational Utterances in Special Education in Norwegian Compulsory Schooling. A Contribution Aimed at Fostering an Inclusive Education for Pupils with Learning Difficulties?  

Science.gov (United States)

|This observational study illustrates how teachers' use of motivational utterances is expressed to pupils with learning difficulties in special education in Norwegian compulsory schooling. The term motivational utterances refers to teacher utterances that can help increase pupils' expectancy of success and task value. Video recordings were made of…

Nyborg, Geir

2011-01-01

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The Distribution of Emergency Permit Teachers in California  

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Full Text Available There is a significant negative relationship between the percentage of teachers on emergency permits and student achievement at the school level in California schools, after controlling for other student and school characteristics. Generally, the more emergency permit teachers there are in a school, the lower the school's achievement. This phenomenon is examined in the context of other contributors to student achievement such as socio-economic status and school size. The effects of teacher distribution and school selection as contributing factors are considered. In addition, policy and legislative initiatives related to emergency permit teachers that have been recently debated in California will be discussed. Finally, a set of initiatives is proposed that attempt to decrease the need for emergency permit teachers and ensure that those that must be hired due to shortage conditions have the support they need to become credentialed teachers.

Laura Goe

2002-01-01

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THE JOURNALISTIC UTTERANCE ON TWITTER  

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Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the impact of the characteristics of the Twitter platform on the application of standard journalistic technique (TRAQUINA, 2008) during the creation and production of news releases as tweets and, at the same time, it seeks to identify their specifications regarding traditional journalistic utterances. Through the analysis of 134 tweets collected from newspaper profiles of Folha de S. Paulo, Zero Hora and Diário Popular, we have obtained indications that led us to confirm our central assumption. In other words, the hierarchical pattern and purpose that guide the creation of standard news, and therefore, the special language that characterizes traditional journalism, begin to give way to models that are more horizontal and interactive, that redesign the standard technique (based on the model of the Inverted Pyramid) and thus, modify journalistic writing - interfering in its discursive effects (GOMES, 2000).

Mabel Oliveira Teixeira

2012-01-01

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Automatic Utterance Type Detection Using Suprasegmental Features  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The goal of the work presented here is to automatically predict thetype of an utterance in spoken dialogue by using automaticallyextracted suprasegmental information. For this task, we presentand compare three stochastic algorithms: hidden Markov models,artificial neural nets, and classification and regression trees.These models are easily trainable, reasonably robust and fit intothe probabilistic framework required for speech recognition. Utterancetype detection is dependent on the assumption that differenttypes of utterances have different suprasegmental characteristics.The categorisation of utterance types is based on the theoryof conversation games and consists of 12 move types (e.g. replyto a question, wh-question, acknowledgement). This utterancetype detector is used in an automatic speech recognition systemto reduce the word error rate.1. INTRODUCTIONThis paper describes a method of automatically detecting the typeof an utterance, using only prosodic informatio...

Helen Wright

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A Uniform Treatment of Pragmatic Inferences in Simple and Complex Utterances and Sequences of Utterances  

CERN Document Server

Drawing appropriate defeasible inferences has been proven to be one of the most pervasive puzzles of natural language processing and a recurrent problem in pragmatics. This paper provides a theoretical framework, called ``stratified logic'', that can accommodate defeasible pragmatic inferences. The framework yields an algorithm that computes the conversational, conventional, scalar, clausal, and normal state implicatures; and the presuppositions that are associated with utterances. The algorithm applies equally to simple and complex utterances and sequences of utterances.

Marcu, D; Marcu, Daniel; Hirst, Graeme

1995-01-01

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Perception of utterance relatedness during the first-word-period.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Interactions between six toddlers (aged 1;0 to 1;6) and adults were examined to ascertain adult perceptions of toddler utterance relatedness and to determine temporal and interactional features that underlie those perceptions. Five raters made judgments regarding relatedness of the child utterances to the previous adult utterances; 251 utterances were examined. Utterances judged by adults as related occurred within 4.25 seconds of the preceding adult utterance nearly 90% of the time. This study also points to the need for using interactional categories that go beyond describing utterance relatedness, and introduces terms (i.e. coparticipatory, initiation, narrowed focus) for doing so.

Balog HL; Roberts FD

2004-11-01

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Coaching Teachers for Emergent Literacy Instruction Using Performance-Based Feedback  

Science.gov (United States)

|Coaching has garnered support as a professional development approach that helps teachers use research-based instruction to teach emergent literacy skills to young children. However, approaches to coaching vary widely, as do the backgrounds and training of the teachers included in different studies. This study investigated the influence of…

McCollum, Jeanette A.; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Hsieh, Wu-Ying

2013-01-01

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Emergency Medical English: Structure and Vocabulary. Teacher's Manual and Exercise Answer Key. English for Special Purposes. Emergency Care Attendant.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's manual is designed to accompany the exercise book on structure and vocabulary. It is part of a package of materials developed for use in an English for Special Purposes project, which offers classes in reading, grammar, and emergency care attendant training for limited English proficient students. Brief notes and suggestions are…

Coates, Marvin R.

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Spatio-temporal variation of conversational utterances on Twitter  

CERN Document Server

Conversations reflect the existing norms of a language. Previously, we found that utterance lengths in English fictional conversations in books and movies have shortened over a period of 200 years. In this work, we show that this shortening occurs even for a brief period of 3 years (September 2009-December 2012) using 229 million utterances from Twitter. Furthermore, the subset of geographically-tagged tweets from the United States show an inverse proportion between utterance lengths and the state-level percentage of the Black population. We argue that shortening of utterances can be explained by the increasing usage of jargon including coined words.

Alis, Christian M

2013-01-01

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Emerging Solutions to Improve Student-Teacher Linkage  

Science.gov (United States)

Nationwide, states and districts are implementing programs that involve linking teachers with student data. These initiatives range from educator evaluation systems that consider student growth to data-driven professional development decisions and large-scale program evaluations. Establishing accurate links is crucial in any initiative that links…

Graham, Matthew; Watson, Jeffery; Thorn, Christopher A.

2012-01-01

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Emerging Practice for New Teachers: Creating Possibilities for "Aesthetic" Readings  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article explores how exposure to aesthetic education approaches can help novice teachers reconsider their literature instruction in an age of mandated curricula and increased pressures to "teach to the test." The guiding questions were as follows: What similarities exist between transacting with a text on the page and aesthetically engaging…

Dickson, Randi; Costigan, Arthur

2011-01-01

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Primary School Teachers’ Knowledge Regarding Emergency Management of Avulsed Permanent Incisors  

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Full Text Available Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate primary school teachers' knowledge regarding emergency management of avulsed permanent incisors.Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in fifty randomly chosen primary schools from Casablanca, Morocco. All teachers of the selected schools were included in the study. The data were collected by self administered questionnaires. The questions focusedon the teachers' general characteristics, experience of avulsed teeth and the importance of emergency management. The data were analyzed using chi square test.Results: A total of 501 teachers, of which 23.6% were male and 75.4% were female, answered the questionnaire. The results showed that 44.5 % of the teachers had an experience of avulsed tooth at school, 82.82% of them knew the importance of emergency managementand 32.6% would look for a dentist for treatment of the cases. Only 15.8% would reimplant the tooth themselves. Regarding the storage media, 21.95% would keep the avulsed tooth in milk. There was no significant difference between gender and education level (p>0.05).Conclusion: This study shows school teachers' lack of knowledge regarding dental trauma and especially tooth avulsion. Therefore, the results indicated that educational programs are necessary for improvement in their level of knowledge.

B. Touré; F. Léye Benoist; B. Faye; AW. Kane; S. Kaadioui

2011-01-01

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Informative promotional outcome on school teachers' knowledge about emergency management of dental trauma.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To assess awareness of school teachers concerning the emergency management of traumatized teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective intervention study conducted with 1000 teachers (500 urban, 500 rural) randomly selected from the entire government and private, primary (elementary) as well as secondary (high) schools of Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Study was carried out in three phases; the first phase being an initial survey conducted to assess the existing knowledge of teachers on management of traumatic injuries by using self-administered questionnaire. This was followed by a comprehensive informative promotion regarding the initial management of the traumatic dental injuries for the teachers. A post-promotion follow-up review was conducted 3 months later to evaluate the effect of the informative promotion, using the same set of questionnaires. Study was completed over a period of 9 months. STATISTICAL METHODS: Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 14.0, and Chi-square test was used to compare the knowledge of teachers prior to and after the informative promotion. The level of significance was set at P ? 0.05. RESULTS: The teachers' overall knowledge with respect to the emergency management of the traumatic injuries was deficient and significant differences were found in the knowledge of teachers before and after the informative promotion. CONCLUSION: Informative promotion programs to improve the knowledge and awareness of this group of community, who are generally the first line of assistance in case of dental trauma in schools, are mandatory.

Pujita C; Nuvvula S; Shilpa G; Nirmala S; Yamini V

2013-01-01

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PROCESSING YUP! AND OTHER SHORT UTTERANCES IN INTERACTIVE SPEECH  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The detection of short utterances in conversational or interactive speech is essential to the proper processing of meaning in spoken interaction. Short, simple utterances are extremely common, and because of their highly variable prosody, carry many different forms of subtle interpersonal informatio...

CAMPBELL, NICK

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Utterance-final particles with grammaticalized intonation in Cantonese  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cantonese is well known for possessing copious utterance-final particles, which predominantly convey pragmatic information such as the speaker's attitude and assumption in making an utterance. Their functions and meanings are one of the focuses in Cantonese Linguistics, e.g. Luke (1990) and Fang (20...

Ding, PS

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Fifty-four emergent cricothyroidotomies: are surgeons reluctant teachers?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Emergent cricothyroidotomy remains an uncommon, but life-saving, core procedural training requirement for emergency medicine (EM) physician training. We hypothesized that, although most cricothyroidotomies occur in the emergency department (ED), they are rarely performed by EM physicians. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all emergent cricothyroidotomies performed at two large level one trauma centers over 10 years. Operators and assistants for all procedures were identified, as well as mechanism of injury and patient demographics were examined. RESULTS: Fifty-four cricothyroidotomies were performed. Patients were: mean age of 50, 80% male and 90% blunt trauma. The most common primary operator was a surgeon (n = 47, 87%), followed by an Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provider (n = 6, 11%) and a EM physician (n = 1, 2%). In all cases, except those performed by EMS, the operator or assistant was an attending surgeon. All EMS procedures resulted in serious complications compared to in-hospital procedures (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: 1. Pre-hospital cricothyroidotomy results in serious complications. 2. Despite the ubiquitous presence of emergency medicine physicians in the ED, all crico-thyroidotomies were performed by a surgeon, which may represent a serious emergency medicine training deficiency.

King D; Ogilvie M; Michailidou M; Velmahos G; Alam H; deMoya M; Fikry K

2012-01-01

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Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of dental injury among physical education teachers: A survey in Bangalore urban schools  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess, by means of a self administered structured questionnaire, the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physical education teachers in Bangalore city with regards to emergency management of dental injuries. The questionnaire surveyed the physical education teacher?s background, knowledge of management of tooth fracture, avulsion, luxation injuries, it also investigated physical education teacher?s attitude and the way they handle the injuries. The sample consisted 580 teachers from 700 selected schools in Bangalore city. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance between trained and untrained teachers. Among the population 70% were males physical education teachers 30% were females. 95% of the teachers had physical education training and 5% did not have the training. 95% of the population had first aid component and 5% did not have. Only 25% of trained physical education teachers had correct knowledge about tooth identification and 17% among untrained teachers. 81% of trained teachers answered correctly regarding management of fractured anterior teeth against 27.5% of untrained teachers (P< 0.0002). The present report indicates that there is lack of knowledge and practice among physical education teachers in Bangalore city regarding emergency management of dental trauma. Educational programs to improve the knowledge and awareness among the teachers have to be implemented.

Mohandas U; Chandan G

2009-01-01

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Preservice Teachers' Emerging TPACK in a Technology-Rich Methods Class  

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Full Text Available There is a dearth of research on the mechanisms for preservice teachers' development of the pedagogical knowledge necessary for effective use of such technologies. We explored the emergent Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) (Niess 2005, 2006, 2007) of a group of secondary mathematics preservice teachers in a methods course as they designed and implemented technology-rich teaching materials in field settings. Participant surveys and collected assignments were analyzed through the lens of the TPACK framework. The data were also analyzed to examine the trajectory of the participants’ beliefs about the appropriate role of advanced digital technologies in mathematics. The results indicate that the participants’ understanding of technology shifted from viewing technology as a tool for reinforcement into viewing technology as a tool for developing student understanding. Collected data supports the notion that preservice teacher TPACK development is closely related to a shift in identity from learners of mathematics to teachers of mathematics. In a class where advanced digital technologies were used extensively as a catalyst for promoting inquiry-based learning, preservice teachers retained a great deal of skepticism about the appropriateness of using technology in concept development roles, despite their confidence that they can incorporate technology into their future teaching.

S. Asli Özgün-Koca; Michael Meagher; Michael Todd Edwards

2009-01-01

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Utterance independent bimodal emotion recognition in spontaneous communication  

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Full Text Available Abstract Emotion expressions sometimes are mixed with the utterance expression in spontaneous face-to-face communication, which makes difficulties for emotion recognition. This article introduces the methods of reducing the utterance influences in visual parameters for the audio-visual-based emotion recognition. The audio and visual channels are first combined under a Multistream Hidden Markov Model (MHMM). Then, the utterance reduction is finished by finding the residual between the real visual parameters and the outputs of the utterance related visual parameters. This article introduces the Fused Hidden Markov Model Inversion method which is trained in the neutral expressed audio-visual corpus to solve the problem. To reduce the computing complexity the inversion model is further simplified to a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) mapping. Compared with traditional bimodal emotion recognition methods (e.g., SVM, CART, Boosting), the utterance reduction method can give better results of emotion recognition. The experiments also show the effectiveness of our emotion recognition system when it was used in a live environment.

Tao Jianhua; Pan Shifeng; Yang Minghao; Li Ya; Mu Kaihui; Che Jianfeng

2011-01-01

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Utterance independent bimodal emotion recognition in spontaneous communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Emotion expressions sometimes are mixed with the utterance expression in spontaneous face-to-face communication, which makes difficulties for emotion recognition. This article introduces the methods of reducing the utterance influences in visual parameters for the audio-visual-based emotion recognition. The audio and visual channels are first combined under a Multistream Hidden Markov Model (MHMM). Then, the utterance reduction is finished by finding the residual between the real visual parameters and the outputs of the utterance related visual parameters. This article introduces the Fused Hidden Markov Model Inversion method which is trained in the neutral expressed audio-visual corpus to solve the problem. To reduce the computing complexity the inversion model is further simplified to a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) mapping. Compared with traditional bimodal emotion recognition methods (e.g., SVM, CART, Boosting), the utterance reduction method can give better results of emotion recognition. The experiments also show the effectiveness of our emotion recognition system when it was used in a live environment.

Tao, Jianhua; Pan, Shifeng; Yang, Minghao; Li, Ya; Mu, Kaihui; Che, Jianfeng

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Young children's treating of utterances as unreliable sources of knowledge.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In two investigations (N = 62 and 59), three- and four-year-old children sometimes disbelieved what they were told about the unexpected contents of a deceptive box, even when they had seen the adult speaker look inside the box before s/he told them what s/he saw, and despite being able to recall the utterance: utterances were treated as unreliable sources of knowledge compared with seeing directly. Those who did believe the utterance were no better at recalling their prior belief about the box's contents (now treated as false), than those who saw inside the box. However using a narrative procedure, we replicated Zaitchik's (1991) result that children are more likely to acknowledge another's belief when they are told about reality, than when they see reality for themselves. We argue that these children were acknowledging alternative rather than false belief.

Robinson EJ; Mitchell P; Nye R

1995-10-01

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MIKHAIL BAKHTIN, LANGSTON HUGHES AND THE POETIC UTTERANCE  

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Full Text Available A critical pragmatics finds good grounding in Bakhtin and Voloshinov’s theory of the Utterance in Marxism and the Philosophy of Language (1929). In this essay I explore and extend the notion of ‘reaccenting’ with that of ‘retexting’ and call attention to the role of textualities in the performance and deformance of written language. Critical pragmatic moves beyond stylistics and proposes a more critical linguistic approach to literary texts. I use critical pragmatics informed by Bakhtin’s theory of the utterance to read Langston Hughes’s dialogic lyrics in Montage of a Dream Deferred (1951) and poetic retexting as a literate and critical practice.

Mark Eugene Amsler

2012-01-01

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What does it mean to predict one's own utterances?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Many authors have recently highlighted the importance of prediction for language comprehension. Pickering & Garrod (P&G) are the first to propose a central role for prediction in language production. This is an intriguing idea, but it is not clear what it means for speakers to predict their own utterances, and how prediction during production can be empirically distinguished from production proper.

Meyer AS; Hagoort P

2013-08-01

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Revisiting Speech Rate and Utterance Length Manipulations in Stuttering Speakers  

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The goal of this study was to evaluate stuttering frequency across a multidimensional (2 x 2) hierarchy of speech performance tasks. Specifically, this study examined the interaction between changes in length of utterance and levels of speech rate stability. Forty-four adult male speakers participated in the study (22 stuttering speakers and 22…

Blomgren, Michael; Goberman, Alexander M.

2008-01-01

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How Much Prosody Can You Learn from Twenty Utterances?  

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Full Text Available It was examined how much speech material is required to build a prosodic model for duration, fundamental frequency and intensity. For each of two speakers, fifty multiple linear regression models were built on the basis of seventy utterances per speaker (7'522 and 7'643 segments respectively). Models based on eight and twenty utterances showed good stability, satisfactory prediction for novel material, as well as closeness of fits comparable to those reported by other researchers for much larger corpora. Linear regressions were typically based on about ten independent predictors per prosodic parameter, which had previously been ranked according to their prediction of the dependent parameter. This ranking procedure advantageously replaced more commonly used regression trees. Variation in the closeness of fit of models based on sliding windows eight and twenty utterances long were traced to variations in bias, i.e., in the degree to which models systematically under- or overestimate target values. While the models in this study involved simple, non-optimized linear regressions without interactions, avenues are suggested for further improving the performance of this class of models. The results of this study suggest that a series of well-adapted small-footprint models provide more accurate information about the individual use of prosody in specific speech situations than a single model based on abundant data.

Keller, Eric; Zellner Keller, Brigitte

2003-01-01

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Relationship between longest utterances and later MLU in late talkers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract The task of developing prognoses for late-talking children has long been a challenge for speech-language pathologists, developmental psychologists, and pediatricians. Improved predictors would help to assess long-term risk and determine appropriate intervention services. The present study evaluated children's length of longest utterances (LLU) as a predictor of mean length of utterance (MLU) one year later. Relationships between LLU at 30 months, MLU at 30 months and MLU at 42 months were examined in 43 late talkers (LT) and 33 age-matched children whose language was typically developing (TD). LLU was a significant predictor of MLU at 42 months with particularly strong correlations within the LT group. Similar results were obtained when controlling for language sample size, which was positively related to LLU. For the LT group, a regression model combining 30-month LLU and MLU was better at predicting 42-month MLU than 30-month MLU alone. The results are discussed in terms of frequency distributions of utterance lengths within language samples.?

Smith AB; Jackins M

2013-10-01

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Knowledge regarding emergency management of avulsed teeth among elementary school teachers in Jaboatao dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge regarding emergency management of tooth avulsion among elementary schoolteachers in the city of Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 338 teachers answered a questionnaire with items on emergency procedures following tooth avulsion. RESULTS: The majority of teachers (89.1%) had received no previous orientation regarding management of dental trauma and 81.4% had not witnessed an accident in which tooth avulsion had occurred. If an avulsed tooth had fallen to the ground, 84.3% of the teachers said they would pick it up, and 67.8% of them stated that they would clean it with water or some other liquid. A total of 33.1% said that they would take the student with the tooth in hand to a dental office. Of the respondents 88.5% would seek professional help immediately; 85.2% stated they would be unable to reimplant the avulsed tooth; and 39.3% would store the tooth in water. CONCLUSIONS: A lack of technical information was observed among teachers regarding management of tooth avulsion. Educational campaigns at schools are necessary to modify the behavior of the teachers with regard to management of tooth avulsion. Further studies should be carried out for the assessment of teachers who have participated in educational campaigns to make the treatment of dental trauma a matter of public interest.

de Lima Ludgero A; de Santana Santos T; Fernandes AV; de Melo DG; Peixoto AC; da Costa Araújo FA; Dourado AT; Gomes A

2012-09-01

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Methodological issues in the calculation of mean length of utterance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mean length of utterance (MLU) is widely used as a diagnostic, monitoring and group matching measure. This study investigated methodological issues regarding the calculation of MLU. The aim was to establish whether different calculation procedures render different MLUs, and whether there is a high correlation between MLU measured in words (MLU-w) and in morphemes (MLU-m). Language samples from 15 Afrikaans-speaking 6-year-olds with and 15 with ot specific language impairment were analyzed. MLU was calculated eight times for each participant, varying sample size (50 or 100 utterances), unit counted (words or morphemes) and calculation method (traditional or alternate). Significant differences in resultant MLUs were due to the calculation method used, rather than sample size or unit counted. A high positive correlation (>0.96) between MLU-w and MLU-m was found. The results imply that researchers and clinicians should clearly state their MLU calculation procedures, otherwise reliable comparisons between MLU scores from different sources cannot be made. The results furthermore imply that, in order to generalize research results and make diagnostic decisions based on MLU, consistent procedures should be used, not only with regard to language sampling, but also to MLU calculation. PMID:20235495

Oosthuizen, Helena; Southwood, Frenette

2009-01-01

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Engaging Stakeholders in Teacher Pay Reform. Emerging Issues. Report No. 1  

Science.gov (United States)

A growing number of states and school districts are experimenting with new approaches to paying teachers. These efforts to reform teacher pay can involve a range of state and local actors, including governors, state education officials, superintendents, local school boards, teacher unions, private foundations, community organizations, and local…

Max, Jeffrey; Koppich, Julia E.

2009-01-01

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Profound Understanding of Emergent Mathematics: Broadening the Construct of Teachers' Disciplinary Knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

|We discuss the teachers' disciplinary knowledge of mathematics in this article, arguing two main points as we report on a 2-year study involving 22 practicing teachers. First we argue that teachers' knowledge of mathematics might be productively construed as a complex evolving form, a significant dimension of which is tacit knowledge. Second,…

Davis, Brent; Renert, Moshe

2013-01-01

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[Dissociated preservation of written expression in aphasia with recurrent utterances  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In a female patient, aphasia with recurrent utterances resulted from a double lesion of the left hemisphere, located in the base of the third frontal gyrus and the upper temporal gyri. Predominant in the fluent oral expression was a repeated neologism of which the patient was unaware. The written expression, efficient for lexical entities, was devoid of syntax and had the features of phonological agraphia. Both orally and in written words comprehension was satisfactory but syntactic comprehension was deficient. The stereotyped verbal behaviour could be due to dysfunction of the phonemic programmer. Rupture of the audi-phonatory loop, confirmed by degradation of the verbal working, memory, made this dysfunction worse and accounted for the anosognosia. The participation of the right hemisphere and of the preserved left hemispheric structures in the persistence of various language activities are discussed.

Cambier J; Masson C; Robine B

1993-01-01

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A Morpheme-based Model of Nonsentential Utterance Production  

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Full Text Available The present study is an attempt to account for non-sentential utterance (NSU) production without assuming the existence of a `syntactically full sentence' for every NSU. The model for NSU production that derives from this study has the following four advantages over the popular `constituent-omis-sion' model: It 1) accounts for the production of NSUs that native speakers variably `reconstruct', 2) explains why in certain contexts pro-drop cannot occur in languages that have morphologically marked subject-verb agreement 3) models the production of NSUs without devising separate production processes for `ellipses' and `fragments', and 4) predicts what constituents have to be present in a given NSU. It also keeps the involvement of syntax {in} NSU production to a minimum.

Shinji Ido

2009-01-01

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Collecting And Analyzing Spoken Utterances For A Speech Controlled Application  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To estimate the parameters of stochastic knowledgebases for a speech understanding system, many utterancesspoken by many people have to be examined.For the regarded domain of a 'graphic editor', two differentmanners of collecting training data are discussed.An analysis of spoken commands recorded bya 'Wizard of Oz'-simulation shows that the way to talkto a computer usually depends on how familiar a subjectis with a computer.Keywords: speech understanding, training of stochasticmodels, 'Wizard of Oz'-simulation1. INTRODUCTIONA speech understanding system converts a spoken utterance(given as observation sequence O) into its semanticrepresentation (in our approach denoted as semanticstructure S) [7]. From the set of all possible S,that has to be found which is most probable giventhe observation sequence O, i.e. which maximizes thea-posteriori-probability . The resulting termcan be transformed using the Bayes formula.(1)Since is not relevant for maximizing, it can ...

Johannes Mller; Holger Stahl

34

Utterance Complexity and Stuttering on Function Words in Preschool-Age Children Who Stutter  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relation between utterance complexity and utterance position and the tendency to stutter on function words in preschool-age children who stutter (CWS). Two separate studies involving two different groups of participants (Study 1, n = 30; Study 2, n = 30) were conducted. Participants were…

Richels, Corrin; Buhr, Anthony; Conture, Edward; Ntourou, Katerina

2010-01-01

35

Attitudes towards homeless people among emergency department teachers and learners: a cross-sectional study of medical students and emergency physicians  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Medical students’ attitudes and beliefs about homeless people may be shaped by the attitudes of their teachers and one of the most common sites for learning about homeless patients is the emergency department. The objective of this study was to determine if medical students in the preclinical and clinical years and emergency medicine faculty and residents have different attitudes and beliefs about homeless people. Methods The Health Professional Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory (HPATHI), was administered to all medical students, and emergency medicine physicians and residents at a large academic health sciences center in Canada. The HPATHI examines attitudes, interest and confidence on a 5-point Likert scale. Differences among groups were examined using the Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson’s chi-square test. Results The HPATHI was completed by 371 individuals, for an overall response rate of 55%. Analysis of dichotomized median and percentage results revealed 5/18 statements were significant by both methods. On the attitudes subscales physicians and residents as a group were more negative for 2/9 statements and on the confidence subscale more positive for 1/4 statements. The interest subscale achieved overall statistical significance with decreased positive responses among physicians and residents compared to medical students in 2/5 statements. Conclusion This study revealed divergences in attitudes, interests and beliefs among medical students and emergency medicine physicians and residents. We offer strategies for training interventions and systemic support of emergency faculty. Emergency medicine physicians can examine their role in the development of medical students through both formal and informal teaching in the emergency department.

2013-01-01

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Attitudes towards homeless people among emergency department teachers and learners: a cross-sectional study of medical students and emergency physicians.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Medical students' attitudes and beliefs about homeless people may be shaped by the attitudes of their teachers and one of the most common sites for learning about homeless patients is the emergency department. The objective of this study was to determine if medical students in the preclinical and clinical years and emergency medicine faculty and residents have different attitudes and beliefs about homeless people. METHODS: The Health Professional Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory (HPATHI), was administered to all medical students, and emergency medicine physicians and residents at a large academic health sciences center in Canada. The HPATHI examines attitudes, interest and confidence on a 5-point Likert scale. Differences among groups were examined using the Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson's chi-square test. RESULTS: The HPATHI was completed by 371 individuals, for an overall response rate of 55%. Analysis of dichotomized median and percentage results revealed 5/18 statements were significant by both methods. On the attitudes subscales physicians and residents as a group were more negative for 2/9 statements and on the confidence subscale more positive for 1/4 statements. The interest subscale achieved overall statistical significance with decreased positive responses among physicians and residents compared to medical students in 2/5 statements. CONCLUSION: This study revealed divergences in attitudes, interests and beliefs among medical students and emergency medicine physicians and residents. We offer strategies for training interventions and systemic support of emergency faculty. Emergency medicine physicians can examine their role in the development of medical students through both formal and informal teaching in the emergency department.

Fine AG; Zhang T; Hwang SW

2013-01-01

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Notes on disaligning ‘yes but’ initiated utterances in German and Danish conversations : Two construction types for dispreferred responses  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article investigates ‘yes but’ initiated utterances in German and Danish conversations. The investigated utterances perform rejecting and disagreeing actions and they occur after suggestions, assessments and assertion with a clear action preference for acceptance and agreement. It is found that utterances that begin with an integrates ‘yes but’ token are constructed as "no fault" accounts and show little orientation to social problematicity, whereas utterances initiated with separated ‘yes but’ involve more socially problematic rejections and disagreements.

Steensig, Jakob; Asmuß, Birte

2005-01-01

38

Space Travel is Utter Bilge: Early Ideas on Interplanetary Exploration  

Science.gov (United States)

Until a few decades ago, interplanetary travel was the stuff of dreams but the dreamers often turned out to be farsighted while the predictions of some eminent scientists were far too conservative. The prescient dreamers include the Russian schoolteacher, Konstanin Tsiolkovsky who, in 1883, was the first to note that only rockets could serve the needs of space travel. In 1923, Herman Oberth published a treatise discussing various aspects of interplanetary travel including the impulse necessary to escape the Earth's gravitational pull. In his spare time, a German civil engineer, Walter Hohmann, established in 1925 that the optimal energy transfer orbit between planets is an ellipse that is tangent to the orbits of both bodies. Four year later, an Austrian army officer, Hermann Potocnik outlined the benefits of space stations including those in geosynchronous orbits. Whereas Tsiolkovsky, Oberth, Hohmann, and Potocnik provided ideas and theories, the American, Robert H. Goddard, was testing liquid fueled rockets by as early as 1925. By the time he was finished in 1941, Goddard flew liquid fueled rockets that reached speeds of 700 mph and altitudes above 8,000 feet. In direct contrast to the advances by these mostly amateur engineers, many respected authorities scoffed at space travel because of the insurmountable technological difficulties. One year prior to the launch of Sputnik, the British Astronomer Royal, Sir Richard Wooley, declared, "space travel is utter bilge." While the theories of space travel were well developed by the late 1920's, space travel technology was still a poorly funded, mostly amateur, endeavor until the German army hired Oberth's student, Werner von Braun, and others to develop long range rockets for military purposes. In the early 1940's, Von Braun's team developed the rocket propulsion and guidance systems that would one day form the basis of the American space program.

Yeomans, D. K.

2003-12-01

39

The Role of Community Colleges in Offering Baccalaureates in Teacher Education: An Emerging Possibility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the efforts of St. Petersburg College (Florida) to offer teacher education baccalaureate degrees in elementary education, special education, and secondary education in math and science. States that community colleges seeking to offer the baccalaureate degree should be aware of the demands posed by funding, curriculum, marketing, student…

Furlong, Thomas E., Jr.

2003-01-01

40

Race, Class, and Emerging Sexuality: Teacher Perceptions and Sexual Harassment in Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

|Sexual harassment is a highly troubling gendered phenomenon that plagues young women on a daily basis. The way in which sexual harassment is perceived and treated is varied and is largely based on racial and class stereotypes. This paper highlights the findings from a study in which a group of middle and high school teachers were interviewed and…

Rahimi, Regina; Liston, Delores

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Leading Gen Y Teachers: Emerging Strategies for School Leaders. TQ Research & Policy Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

A generational transition is occurring in U.S. public school classrooms. Baby Boom teachers (those born between 1946 and 1964) are approaching retirement age, and many of their colleagues from Generation X (those born between 1965 and 1976) are entering their mid-career stage. The newest generation in the teaching workforce is Generation Y (those…

Behrstock, Ellen; Clifford, Matthew

2009-01-01

42

External signs of internal representations : developments in processing utterances and beliefs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Three factors in Referential Communication are worthy of special consideration: the utterance, the speaker's internal representation, and reality. These relationships form the 'referential triangle' of communication. This thesis explores how children and adults evaluate utterances when all three elements of the referential triangle need to be considered. The main aim was to investigate why utterances might be more difficult to understand than other externalisations of internal representations, such as pictorial representations of belief. Chapter 2 investigated the usefulness of presenting an internal representation as a cartoon thought bubble. Children with autism performed significantly better on false belief tasks when they saw the protagonist's belief encapsulated in a thought bubble, compared to a false belief task without a bubble. This suggests that thought bubbles can be easily understood as representations of mental states. Given this facilitation, the use of thought bubbles was extended to the referential communication paradigm in Chapter 3. Presenting speech and thought bubbles alongside the array allowed the referential triangle to be depicted as separate, substantive elements. Children aged 6-10 years tended to overlook the pragmatic adequacy of unambiguous utterances when they could see the speaker's meaning depicted in a thought bubble. In Chapter 4, the speaker's meaning was not shown directly, but had to be inferred from the story context. Under these circumstances, children and adults tended to focus more on the relationship between the utterance and the array when deciding whether a message was adequate or not. Chapter 5 explored whether adults inappropriately overextended their focus on the utterance-array relationship. In some cases, adults seemed to be influenced by their own knowledge of utterance-array link when making evaluations from the perspective of a naive listener protagonist. The general pattern of results suggests that listeners are particularly attuned to discrepancies between elements in the referential triangle. It is possible that utterances as externalisations of internal representations are difficult to understand because children have to learn when it is appropriate to accord the discrepancy prominence versus situations when isomorphism between other elements in the triangle might be more important for utterance evaluation.

Parsons SJ

43

Effect Evaluation of Utterance Length on Speech Dysfluency in Stuttering and Nonstuttering Persian-Speaker Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: The correlation of stuttering and different linguistic factors is assessed in many studies. The obtained results can pave the way to reach a better understanding of stuttering, as well as finding more appropriate treatments. This study investigates the effect of utterance length on speech dysfluency comparing stuttering Persian(Farsi) -speaking children and nonstuttering ones.Methods: Ten stuttering and ten nonstuttering Persian-speaking children between 4 and 6 years of age, matched by age and gender where included in this cross-sectional study. All individuals were investigated by ten sets of simple and complex sentences. Morphemes were added one by one to sentences in each set in order to assess the impact of utterance length on dysfluency. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: In practicing ten sets of sentences, the speech dysfluency shows significant enhance with increase of utterance length in both stuttering and nonstuttering children (p=0.001). Furthermore, while comparing two groups of simple and complex sentences, significant increase of speech dysfluency was observed by length enhance of utterance, in both stuttering and nonstuttering children (p<0.05). The comparison of stuttering and nonstuttering children showed significant difference between the two groups as well (p=0.001). Conclusions: The results of this study show that increase in utterance length in both simple and complex sentences lead to increase in dysfluency in stuttering and nonstuttering children. Stuttering children indicated more dysfluency than nonstuttering ones.

Fateme Haresabadi; Sheyda Pulad; Dr. Behrouz Mahmoudi Bakhtiyari; Dr. Mohammad Kamali

2011-01-01

44

Advanced training in emergency medicine: a pedagogical journey from didactic teachers to virtual problems.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: As trainee numbers and the geographical spread of training departments have increased, the model of weekly face-to-face teaching has come under strain because of long travel times. This has been compounded by a reduction in the total number of hours worked by trainees. Furthermore the traditional teacher centred educational programme has been challenged as unfit for purpose on grounds of both content and style. OBJECTIVE: This article describes two shifts in the delivery of the programme. The first involved migration from a didactic delivery to a problem-based model; the second a gradual shift to the internet culminating in implementation of a web based virtual learning environment. CONCLUSION: The principles outlined in this paper are widely applicable and will be of interest to all clinical educators within the specialty, both within the UK and overseas.

Mackway-Jones K; Carley S; Kilroy D

2007-10-01

45

Parental reactions to the morphologically correct and incorrect utterances of children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The acquisition of the first language is a long and complicated process. Besides incorrect pronunciation, one can observe various morphonological, grammatical, and lexical errors in the speech of young children. The goal of the present research was to analyse the parental reactions both to the correct and incorrect utterances of children and to discuss the dependence of parental reactions on the errors of the child’s speech. The analysis is based on longitudinal data from the conversations between a Lithuanian girl (from the age of twenty months to thirty-two months) and her mother. The results of the study indicate that parents rather tend to react to the form than to the content of the incorrect utterances of children. On the other hand, the responses to the correct utterances are related more often to the content.

Ingrida Bal?i?nien?

2007-01-01

46

Mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes in speech of two Farsi-speaking children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Children usually produce their first words when they are 10-15 months old and go through simple to complex speech by passing some stages. One of the criteria for examining development of children's language is mean length of utterance (MLU). The main purpose of this study was calculating mean length of utterance and grammatical morphemes used by Farsi-speaking children during their 12-60th months of life.Case: It was a longitudinal descriptive study. Every month during children's 12 to 60th months of life, 120-minute spontaneous speech samples of two children in kindergarten were videotaped and transcribed. The girl said her first word at the age of 12, and the boy said his first word at the age of 16 months. Combining words and constructing two-word utterances started at 18 and 20th months of the girl's and the boy's lives respectively. First grammatical morpheme appeared before the 24th month of children's lives and when mean length of utterance was lower than 2 morphemes. Singular verb suffixes were acquired sooner than the plural ones. Both children started using six subject identifiers of Farsi language before 36th month of their lives.Conclusion: The speech development in Farsi-speaking children follows the same pattern as other children, starting from one-word utterances and complicates gradually by increasing the number of words, word combinations and using grammatical morphemes. The important point is that Farsi-speaking children started to use grammatical morphemes when their mean length of utterance was lower than two morphemes.

Nahid Jalilevand; Mona Ebrahimipur; Jamshid Purqarib

2012-01-01

47

A contrastive analysis of Russian and Norwegian utterance-initial coordinating conjunctions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the study presented here, the three Russian basic additive and contrastive coordinating conjunctions i, a and no were compared to their two Norwegian counterparts og and men when used in utterance-initial position. By means of a direct comparison of sentences from Russian and Norwegian novels and their translations, both differences between the languages and language-internal boundaries between the conjunctions were made apparent. A core meaning was formulated for each of the five conjunctions. Their basic properties account not only for their use in general, but they can also explain certain specific qualities and conditions for pragmatic use in utterance-initial position.

Margje Post

2011-01-01

48

Emergency  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This describes an emergency action coding system - HAZRAD -which provides clear instructions for firefighting crews attending a fire or accident where radioactivity might be released. The code gives information on the radiation risk on a scale 1 - 3, the biological risk (scale 1 - 3) and the type of source. Users label buildings and risk areas, the firemen carry plastic guide cards which enable them to interpret the code and act appropriately. (U.K.)

1988-01-01

49

Mean Length of Utterance Levels in 6-Month Intervals for Children 3 to 9 Years with and without Language Impairments  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The mean length of children's utterances is a valuable estimate of their early language acquisition. The available normative data lack documentation of language and nonverbal intelligence levels of the samples. This study reports age-referenced mean length of utterance (MLU) data from children with specific language impairment (SLI) and…

Rice, Mabel L.; Smolik, Filip; Perpich, Denise; Thompson, Travis; Rytting, Nathan; Blossom, Megan

2010-01-01

50

Effects of disfluencies, predictability, and utterance position on word form variation in English conversation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Function words, especially frequently occurring ones such as (the, that, and, and of), vary widely in pronunciation. Understanding this variation is essential both for cognitive modeling of lexical production and for computer speech recognition and synthesis. This study investigates which factors affect the forms of function words, especially whether they have a fuller pronunciation (e.g., thi, thaet, aend, inverted-v v) or a more reduced or lenited pronunciation (e.g., thax, thixt, n, ax). It is based on over 8000 occurrences of the ten most frequent English function words in a 4-h sample from conversations from the Switchboard corpus. Ordinary linear and logistic regression models were used to examine variation in the length of the words, in the form of their vowel (basic, full, or reduced), and whether final obstruents were present or not. For all these measures, after controlling for segmental context, rate of speech, and other important factors, there are strong independent effects that made high-frequency monosyllabic function words more likely to be longer or have a fuller form (1) when neighboring disfluencies (such as filled pauses uh and um) indicate that the speaker was encountering problems in planning the utterance; (2) when the word is unexpected, i.e., less predictable in context; (3) when the word is either utterance initial or utterance final. Looking at the phenomenon in a different way, frequent function words are more likely to be shorter and to have less-full forms in fluent speech, in predictable positions or multiword collocations, and utterance internally. Also considered are other factors such as sex (women are more likely to use fuller forms, even after controlling for rate of speech, for example), and some of the differences among the ten function words in their response to the factors. PMID:12597194

Bell, Alan; Jurafsky, Daniel; Fosler-Lussier, Eric; Girand, Cynthia; Gregory, Michelle; Gildea, Daniel

2003-02-01

51

Effects of disfluencies, predictability, and utterance position on word form variation in English conversation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Function words, especially frequently occurring ones such as (the, that, and, and of), vary widely in pronunciation. Understanding this variation is essential both for cognitive modeling of lexical production and for computer speech recognition and synthesis. This study investigates which factors affect the forms of function words, especially whether they have a fuller pronunciation (e.g., thi, thaet, aend, inverted-v v) or a more reduced or lenited pronunciation (e.g., thax, thixt, n, ax). It is based on over 8000 occurrences of the ten most frequent English function words in a 4-h sample from conversations from the Switchboard corpus. Ordinary linear and logistic regression models were used to examine variation in the length of the words, in the form of their vowel (basic, full, or reduced), and whether final obstruents were present or not. For all these measures, after controlling for segmental context, rate of speech, and other important factors, there are strong independent effects that made high-frequency monosyllabic function words more likely to be longer or have a fuller form (1) when neighboring disfluencies (such as filled pauses uh and um) indicate that the speaker was encountering problems in planning the utterance; (2) when the word is unexpected, i.e., less predictable in context; (3) when the word is either utterance initial or utterance final. Looking at the phenomenon in a different way, frequent function words are more likely to be shorter and to have less-full forms in fluent speech, in predictable positions or multiword collocations, and utterance internally. Also considered are other factors such as sex (women are more likely to use fuller forms, even after controlling for rate of speech, for example), and some of the differences among the ten function words in their response to the factors.

Bell A; Jurafsky D; Fosler-Lussier E; Girand C; Gregory M; Gildea D

2003-02-01

52

The SolemnAddress Uttered by Vasile Goldi? in Alba-Iulia on 1 December, 1918  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the report he presented before the Great National Assembly of Alba-Iulia, Vasile Goldi?underlined some of the ideals for which humankind had fought and continued to fight in the postwarperiod: national freedom, social equality. The solemn address he uttered is an expression of hishumanism and confidence in human civilization, of the conviction that the organization of ademocratic state and the achievement of equality of rights for all citizens are and must be a “workof civilization”.

Eugen GAGEA

2011-01-01

53

On the Systemic Meaning of Meaningless Utterances: The Place of Language in Hegel's Speculative Philosophy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of our paper is to offer a reading of the systemic significance of Hegel’s inclusion of the concept of the sign in the ‘Psychology’ of his Philosophy of Mind. We hope to explain why it is that the Hegelian system positions a specific form of sign, the meaningless utterance, at the point of Mind’s transition from ‘mechanical memory’ to ‘Thinking’. Rather than analyse the subtle advancements in the unfolding of the self-determining activity of ‘Theoretical Mind’, our strategy will be to focus attention on what we take to be some central aspects of the philosophical system’s wider developmental logic and of the general treatment of language in speculative philosophy. We do this by arguing that, according to Hegel’s Logic, language provides the element in which persons are drawn together out of their independent subjectivity into a unity that gives expression to their universal nature as in process and, ultimately, as a project to be realized. This argument is supplemented by a reading of the general nature of the movement of Spirit within Hegel’s system that draws attention to the significance of what we call ‘the absolute potentiality’ of Spirit. We argue that the transition from Mechanical Memory to ‘Thinking’ relies upon the activity of producing the meaningless utterance because this product of Mind reveals its universal nature to be its essential unity with its object. This transition allows us to show how Mind must be understood to return to itself out of its self-loss in Mechanical Memory. Finally we argue that the production of the meaningless utterance fulfils the requirement of reformulating the elementary idea of Spirit through an incorporation of the naturalness of the natural.

Toula Nicolacopoulos; George Vassilacopoulos

2005-01-01

54

ICT in Teacher Education in an Emerging Developing Country: Vietnam's Baseline Situation at the Start of "The Year of ICT"  

Science.gov (United States)

|In many developing countries, integration of ICT is a key component of an educational reform agenda. These countries can draw on a tradition of research in the developed world on factors determining integration of ICT in education. In this tradition, this study investigates the current situation of ICT integration in teacher education in Vietnam,…

Peeraer, Jef; Van Petegem, Peter

2011-01-01

55

Additive effects of lengthening on the utterance-final word in child-directed speech.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The authors investigated lengthening effects in child-directed speech (CDS) across the sentence, testing the additive effects on duration of Word Position, Register, Focus, and Sentence Mode (statement/question). METHOD: Five theater students produced 6 sentences containing 5 monosyllabic words in a simulated dialogue, varying in Register, Focus, and Sentence Mode. The authors segmented a total of 1,800 sentences using forced-alignment tools, and they analyzed the duration of each word. RESULTS: The results show significant effects of Register, Word Position, and their interactions. The simple effect of Register was significant in all 5 word positions, indicating a global elongation effect in CDS. Interestingly, there was no proportional increase of the final word in CDS. In addition, the 3-way interactions Register × Word Position × Focus and Register × Word Position × Sentence Mode were significant, which converge to the conclusion that the utterance-final word in CDS is additively elongated when it is focused and in a statement. CONCLUSION: Elongation in CDS is a global effect, but the additive effects of duration demonstrated in the authors' data suggest that the effect of enhanced utterance-final lengthening in CDS in naturalistic samples may be a by-product of discourse characteristics of CDS.

Ko ES; Soderstrom M

2013-02-01

56

Utterance length and lexical diversity in Cantonese-speaking children with and without specific language impairment.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Two studies of children's conversational language abilities are reported. In the first, mean length of utterance (MLU) and lexical diversity (D) were examined in a group of typically developing Cantonese-speaking children in Hong Kong. Regression analyses indicated a significant linear relationship between MLU and age (R = .44) and a significant curvilinear relationship between D and age (R = .73) in children age 27-68 months. MLU and D were moderately correlated with each other (r = .23); however, the two measures showed no statistical relationship when the effect of age was partialled out. In a second study, the utterances of Chinese children with specific language impairment (SLI) were found to be significantly shorter and less lexically diverse than typically developing children matched for age but similar to children matched for comprehension level. Discriminant analyses revealed that the combination of age, MLU, and D could be used to accurately differentiate children with SLI from both age-matched and language-matched children. Based on these findings, we hypothesize that these measures can be used jointly as a marker of SLI in Cantonese-speaking children.

Klee T; Stokes SF; Wong AM; Fletcher P; Gavin WJ

2004-12-01

57

Speech Repairs, Intonational Boundaries and Discourse Markers Modeling Speakers' Utterances in Spoken Dialog  

CERN Multimedia

In this thesis, we present a statistical language model for resolving speech repairs, intonational boundaries and discourse markers. Rather than finding the best word interpretation for an acoustic signal, we redefine the speech recognition problem to so that it also identifies the POS tags, discourse markers, speech repairs and intonational phrase endings (a major cue in determining utterance units). Adding these extra elements to the speech recognition problem actually allows it to better predict the words involved, since we are able to make use of the predictions of boundary tones, discourse markers and speech repairs to better account for what word will occur next. Furthermore, we can take advantage of acoustic information, such as silence information, which tends to co-occur with speech repairs and intonational phrase endings, that current language models can only regard as noise in the acoustic signal. The output of this language model is a much fuller account of the speaker's turn, with part-of-speech ...

Heeman, P A

1999-01-01

58

Extending the Evaluation of a Computer System Used as a Microswitch for Word Utterances of Persons with Multiple Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

|Background: Microswitches can be vital tools to help individuals with extensive multiple disabilities acquire control of environmental stimulation. This study was aimed at extending the evaluation of a computer system used as a microswitch for word utterances with three participants with multiple disabilities. Method: Sets of 7 or 12 word…

Lancioni, G. E.; O'Reilly, M. F.; Singh, N. N.; Sigafoos, J.; Oliva, D.; Montironi, G.; Savino, M.; Bosco, A.

2005-01-01

59

Identification of Noisy Utterance Speech Signal using GA-Based Optimized 2D-MFCC Method and a Bispectrum Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One-dimensional Mel-Frequency Cepstrum Coefficients (1D-MFCC) in conjunction with a power spectrum analysis method is usually used as a feature extraction in a speaker identification system. However, as this one dimensional feature extraction subsystem shows low recognition rate for identifying an utterance speech signal under harsh noise conditions, we have developed a speaker identification system based on two-dimensional Bispectrum data that was theoretically more robust to the addition of Gaussian noise. As the processing sequence of ID-MFCC method could not be directly used for processing the two-dimensional Bispectrum data, in this paper we proposed a 2D-MFCC method as an extension of the 1D-MFCC method and the optimization of the 2D filter design using Genetic Algorithms. By using the 2D-MFCC method with the Bispectrum analysis method as the feature extraction technique, we then used Hidden Markov Model as the pattern classifier. In this paper, we have experimentally shows our developed methods for identifying an utterance speech signal buried with various levels of noise. Experimental result shows that the 2D-MFCC method without GA optimization has a comparable high recognition rate with that of 1D-MFCC method for utterance signal without noise addition. However, when the utterance signal is buried with Gaussian noises, the developed 2D-MFCC shows higher recognition capability, especially, when the 2D-MFCC optimized by Genetics Algorithms is utilized.

2013-01-01

60

META-LINGUISTIC UTTERANCES AS THE SOURCE OF DATA: THE ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN GERMANS LANGUAGE SYSTEM IN SIBERIA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present article summarizes the results of the fieldwork of the Russian Germans dialects of the Tomsk Region and sets two main goals: it asserts that metalinguistic utterances of Russian Germans can be used for dialectical studies as a source of data; on the other hand it reveals its potential as a source for description of dialects in Siberia.

Alexandrov Oleg Anatolievich

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Proceedings of the eleventh national convention of chemistry teachers and national seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Protection to ecology and biodiversities is a challenge before us. Environment friendly chemistry is a need of the time, which will certainly reduce or eliminate hazardous elements of the environment. The seminar on emerging trends in green chemistry will pave a way that will lead to extensive use of green chemistry concept. The brain storming session of the seminar shall have a impact on research and development in this area. The souvenir certainly reflects the novel ideas in the area. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately

2011-01-01

62

Semi-Supervised learning of utterances using hidden vector state language model  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spoken dialogue system has an uncertain parameter during the speech recognition which controls its performance that vary for the different users as well as for the same user during multiple repetitions of even the same dialogue. This paper discusses how recognition errors in the users utterances can be handled by making use of semi-supervised learning techniques over the hidden vector state (HVS) model. The HVS Model is an extension of basic Markov model in which the context is encoded in each state as a vector. The state transitions in the HVS are factored into a stack shift operation similar to the push-down automaton. HVS-Model being a statistical model requires lot of labeled training data which is practically difficult. In this paper we present how classification and expectation-maximization semi-supervised learning approaches can be trained on both labeled and unlabelled corpora for handling the uncertainty by the user as well as the recognition errors by speech recognition system. The experimental results show that the proposed framework using the HVS model can improve the performance of the dialogue management of the spoken dialogue system when compared with the baseline model.

Manzoor Ahmad Chachoo

2012-01-01

63

Interdito e silêncio: análise de alguns enunciados/ Interdiction and silence: analysis of some utterances  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho - situado no campo da Análise do Discurso de Pêcheux (AD), numa interface com a psicanálise - trata o interdito e o silêncio como constitutivos e fundadores do discurso. A lógica subjacente é a lógica lacaniana segundo a qual o excluído ou a contradição funda o possível. Para tal tarefa usamos as quatro modalidades da lógica alética aristotélica e tratamos o quadrado lógico. Propomos e construímos um quadrado do dito e da enunciação. (more) As análises de alguns enunciados indicam a presença do impossível na linguagem, e atestam a importância, bem como a pertinência, de um tratamento modal da linguagem. Abstract in english Within the field of Discourse Analysis (Pêcheux) and psychoanalysis, this work states interdiction and silence as constituents and founders of the discourse. In short, we claim that what makes it possible to say anything is that it is not possible to say it all, so something must remain unsaid. The logic principle here is that the contradiction, the excluded founds the possible. For such task we use the logic square. We also propose and build a square of the saying or of (more) the utterances. The analysis made here points toward the existence of the impossible in language, and also indicates how important a modal approach of language can be.

Tfouni, Fabio Elias Verdiani

2013-06-01

64

Neural evidence that utterance-processing entails mentalizing: the case of irony.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is now well established that communicators interpret others' mental states through what has been called "Theory of Mind" (ToM). From a linguistic-pragmatics perspective, this mentalizing ability is considered critical because it is assumed that the linguistic code in all utterances underdetermines the speaker's meaning, leaving a vital role for ToM to fill the gap. From a neuroscience perspective, understanding others' intentions has been shown to activate a neural ToM network that includes the right and left temporal parietal junction (rTPJ, lTPJ), the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and the precuneus (PC). Surprisingly, however, there are no studies - to our knowledge - that aim to uncover a direct, on-line link between language processing and ToM through neuroimaging. This is why we focus on verbal irony, an obviously pragmatic phenomenon that compels a listener to detect the speaker's (dissociated, mocking) attitude (Wilson, 2009). In the present fMRI investigation, we compare participants' comprehension of 18 target sentences as contexts make them either ironic or literal. Consider an opera singer who tells her interlocutor: "Tonight we gave a superb performance!" when the performance in question was clearly awful (making the statement ironic) or very good (making the statement literal). We demonstrate that the ToM network becomes active while a participant is understanding verbal irony. Moreover, we demonstrate - through Psychophysiological Interactions (PPI) analyses - that ToM activity is directly linked with language comprehension processes. The paradigm, its predictions, and the reported results contrast dramatically with those from seven prior fMRI studies on irony. PMID:22766167

Spotorno, Nicola; Koun, Eric; Prado, Jérôme; Van Der Henst, Jean-Baptiste; Noveck, Ira A

2012-07-02

65

Neural evidence that utterance-processing entails mentalizing: the case of irony.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It is now well established that communicators interpret others' mental states through what has been called "Theory of Mind" (ToM). From a linguistic-pragmatics perspective, this mentalizing ability is considered critical because it is assumed that the linguistic code in all utterances underdetermines the speaker's meaning, leaving a vital role for ToM to fill the gap. From a neuroscience perspective, understanding others' intentions has been shown to activate a neural ToM network that includes the right and left temporal parietal junction (rTPJ, lTPJ), the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and the precuneus (PC). Surprisingly, however, there are no studies - to our knowledge - that aim to uncover a direct, on-line link between language processing and ToM through neuroimaging. This is why we focus on verbal irony, an obviously pragmatic phenomenon that compels a listener to detect the speaker's (dissociated, mocking) attitude (Wilson, 2009). In the present fMRI investigation, we compare participants' comprehension of 18 target sentences as contexts make them either ironic or literal. Consider an opera singer who tells her interlocutor: "Tonight we gave a superb performance!" when the performance in question was clearly awful (making the statement ironic) or very good (making the statement literal). We demonstrate that the ToM network becomes active while a participant is understanding verbal irony. Moreover, we demonstrate - through Psychophysiological Interactions (PPI) analyses - that ToM activity is directly linked with language comprehension processes. The paradigm, its predictions, and the reported results contrast dramatically with those from seven prior fMRI studies on irony.

Spotorno N; Koun E; Prado J; Van Der Henst JB; Noveck IA

2012-10-01

66

Assessment of awareness amongst school teachers regarding prevention and emergency management of dentoalveolar traumatic injuries in school children in Pune City, before and 3 months after dental educational program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children have boundless energy, so, they are continuously engaged in some or the other physical activity. It is seen that when child reaches school age, accidents in the school environment in the form of falls, injuries due to contact sports, fights, abuse, etc. are very common and the main cause of traumatic dental injuries. Trauma may vary from minor enamel chipping or avulsion to extensive maxillofacial damage, more serious neck and brain injury, which may cause pain, disfigurement and mental agony, having immediate and long lasting effects. In such cases, a school teacher is in the right position to handle such an emergency and refer the child to the concerned dental surgeon or a pedodontist for further needful care. The main reason for delayed treatment of dental trauma is that people present at the site of injury are unaware of protocol of rapid and appropriate management leading to improper first aid treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of a group of school teachers from different schools about the prevention and emergency management of dental trauma in school children, by means of a questionnaire. Then educating them and reassessing their knowledge after a period of 3 months. Unfortunately, the public is unaware of the risks and does not have enough information about first aid emergency treatment or to avoid traumatic injuries. PMID:23404018

Karande, Namrata; Shah, Preetam; Bhatia, Mitali; Lakade, Laxmi; Bijle, Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed; Arora, Nitin; Bhalla, Monika

2012-11-01

67

Mean length of utterance levels in 6-month intervals for children 3 to 9 years with and without language impairments.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The mean length of children's utterances is a valuable estimate of their early language acquisition. The available normative data lack documentation of language and nonverbal intelligence levels of the samples. This study reports age-referenced mean length of utterance (MLU) data from children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children without language impairments. METHOD: Of the 306 child participants drawn from a data archive, ages 2;6-9;0 (years;months), 170 were in the SLI group and 136 were in the control group. There were 1,564 spontaneous language samples collected, and these were transcribed and analyzed for sample size and MLU in words and morphemes. Means, standard deviations, and effect sizes for group differences are reported for MLUs, along with concurrent language and nonverbal intelligence assessments, per 6-month intervals. RESULTS: The results document an age progression in MLU words and morphemes and a persistent lower level of performance for children with SLI. CONCLUSION: The results support the reliability and validity of MLU as an index of normative language acquisition and a marker of language impairment. The findings can be used for clinical benchmarking of deficits and language intervention outcomes as well as for comparisons across research samples.

Rice ML; Smolik F; Perpich D; Thompson T; Rytting N; Blossom M

2010-04-01

68

Using naturalistic utterances to investigate vocal communication processing and development in human and non-human primates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Humans and several non-human primates possess cortical regions that are most sensitive to vocalizations produced by their own kind (conspecifics). However, the use of speech and other broadly defined categories of behaviorally relevant natural sounds has led to many discrepancies regarding where voice-sensitivity occurs, and more generally the identification of cortical networks, "proto-networks" or protolanguage networks, and pathways that may be sensitive or selective for certain aspects of vocalization processing. In this prospective review we examine different approaches for exploring vocal communication processing, including pathways that may be, or become, specialized for conspecific utterances. In particular, we address the use of naturally produced non-stereotypical vocalizations (mimicry of other animal calls) as another category of vocalization for use with human and non-human primate auditory systems. We focus this review on two main themes, including progress and future ideas for studying vocalization processing in great apes (chimpanzees) and in very early stages of human development, including infants and fetuses. Advancing our understanding of the fundamental principles that govern the evolution and early development of cortical pathways for processing non-verbal communication utterances is expected to lead to better diagnoses and early intervention strategies in children with communication disorders, improve rehabilitation of communication disorders resulting from brain injury, and develop new strategies for intelligent hearing aid and implant design that can better enhance speech signals in noisy environments. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled .

Talkington WJ; Taglialatela JP; Lewis JW

2013-08-01

69

Dimensão verbo-visual de enunciados de Scientific American Brasil / Verbo-Visual Dimension in Utterances from Scientifc American Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RESUMO: Os enunciados de divulgação científica caracterizam-se pelo diálogo de saberes da esfera científica com os de outras esferas. Entre as diferentes dimensões pertinentes à abordagem da divulgação científica, serão investigadas as relações entre as imagens e o texto, materializadas na parceria entre as ilustrações e o material verbal. O corpus da pesquisa é constituído por artigos da revista Scientific American Brasil no período entre 2002 e 2007. A análise focará os sentidos produzidos pela “ilustração síntese” de uma capa. ABSTRACT: The utterances of the scientific diffusion are characterized by the dialogue between the knowledge from the scientific sphere with the others spheres. It will be investigated the relationships between the images and the text, materialized in the partnership between illustrations and verbal material. The corpus of the research is formed by articles from the magazine Scientific American Brasil published from 2002 to 2007. The analyses willfocus the senses produced by the “synthetic illustration” in a cover.

Sheila Vieira de Camargo Grillo

2009-01-01

70

Heilougjiang adopts measures to strengthen land management-each square millimeter of land is utterly cherished and rationally used  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This article reports on how a Chinese province with a large area of land and a small population has adopted a series of measures to strengthen land management, to stop the illegal occupying of land, and to protect land resources. Investigations of land resources and of the state of land use, as well as soil surveys, have been launched in order to determine the rights of land ownership and use. Many counties and cities have experimented with dividing farm areas into districts and comprehensive land planning, established land files, trained key personnel in land management skills, and have launched scientific land research. Illegal occupation, waste and destruction of land have risen with the increase in population and construction. Per capita cultivated acreage has declined to 4.1 mu. An effort has been made to reach the people in urban and rural areas with this message: ''Cherish every square millimeter of land utterly and use it rationally''.

Tan Peiquan; Liu, Y.

1983-07-30

71

Efeitos metafóricos e graus de presença da enunciação no enunciado/ Utterance's metaphorical effects and presence degrees in a sentence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo assume como referencial teórico os postulados da Semiótica Discursiva, mormente na sua versão Tensiva (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), que concebe o discurso como um campo de presença dotado de um centro sensível e de horizontes a partir dos quais as grandezas semióticas são moduladas em termos de presença e ausência, ou seja, um campo no qual as grandezas se tonificam ou se atonizam em relação a uma instância de natureza proprioce (more) ptiva. Nosso objetivo é analisar três notas jornalísticas com o propósito de acompanhar as modulações da presença da enunciação no enunciado. Supomos inicialmente que estas modulações promovem a tensão entre isotopias concorrentes, repercutem no grau de sua profundidade e, nestas notas, especificamente, geram um efeito metafórico graduável em termos de modo de existência semiótica. Os exemplos analisados mostram a necessidade de adotar um tratamento mais complexo para as relações entre enunciação e enunciado, sobretudo se quisermos levar em consideração a tensão entre estas duas instâncias, sempre regulada pelos modos de existência semiótica. Abstract in english This paper's theoretical framework concerns the Discourse Semiotics' assumptions, primarily its Tensive version (FONTANILLE; ZILBERBERG, 2001; FONTANILLE, 1998), which conceives the discourse as a field of presence, endowed with a sensitive core and horizons from which semiotic magnitudes are modulated in terms of presence and absence, i.e. a field in which magnitudes become tonic or atony regarding a proprioceptive nature instance. Our goal is to analyze three newspaper (more) notes in order to monitor utterance presence modulations in a sentence. This study initially assumes that those modulations promote tension between co-occurring isotopies, impact their degree of depth, and specifically in these notes, they cause a gradable metaphoric effect in terms of semiotic existence mode. Examples analyzed here show the need for adopting a more complex treatment for relationships between utterance and sentence, mainly if one desires to consider the tension between both instances - always governed by semiotic existence modes.

Saraiva, José Américo Bezerra; Leite, Ricardo Lopes

2013-01-01

72

On the Consequences of the Marketisation of Public Education in Sweden: For-Profit Charter Schools and the Emergence of the "Market-Oriented Teacher"  

Science.gov (United States)

The entrance of for-profit charter schools into the public educational system is one of the most recent manifestations of market-based reforms in public education. Previous studies raise concerns over the marketisation of education and suggest that market reforms clearly change teacher attitudes and behaviour. Taking a public administration…

Fredriksson, Anders

2009-01-01

73

Utterances in vacuo and in Contexts: An Experimental and Theoretical Exploration of Some Interrelationships between What Is Heard and What Is Seen or Imagined  

Science.gov (United States)

Criticizes psycholinguistic experiments where messages are presented in vacuo and where the linguist has no intention of conveying a message to the subject, who fills in his own contextual frame. When utterances were presented with pictures, they were remembered more accurately than when they were repeated ten times. (SCC)

Blakar, Rolv Mikkel; Rommetveit, Ragnar

1975-01-01

74

Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…

Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F

2011-01-01

75

Emergency procedures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The following subjects are discussed - Emergency Procedures: emergency equipment, emergency procedures; emergency procedure involving X-Ray equipment; emergency procedure involving radioactive sources

2004-01-01

76

At the edge of intonation: the interplay of utterance-final F0 movements and voiceless fricative sounds.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The paper is concerned with the 'edge of intonation' in a twofold sense. It focuses on utterance-final F0 movements and crosses the traditional segment-prosody divide by investigating the interplay of F0 and voiceless fricatives in speech production. An experiment was performed for German with four types of voiceless fricatives: /f/, /s/, /?/ and /x/. They were elicited with scripted dialogues in the contexts of terminal falling statement and high rising question intonations. Acoustic analyses show that fricatives concluding the high rising question intonations had higher mean centres of gravity (CoGs), larger CoG ranges and higher noise energy levels than fricatives concluding the terminal falling statement intonations. The different spectral-energy patterns are suitable to induce percepts of a high 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the questions and of a low 'aperiodic pitch' at the end of the statements. The results are discussed with regard to the possible existence of 'segmental intonation' and its implication for F0 truncation and the segment-prosody dichotomy, in which segments are the alleged troublemakers for the production and perception of intonation.

Niebuhr O

2012-01-01

77

Contributos para uma análise semântico-pragmática das causais de enunciação no Português Europeu contemporâneo/ Utterance causal clauses in contemporary European Portuguese: some contributions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar as orações causais de enunciação num quadro teórico que postula a existência, no discurso, de distintos domínios da significação - domínio do conteúdo, domínio epistémico e domínio ilocutório-, na convicção de que uma análise semântica destas construções poderá contribuir para iluminar o seu comportamento sintático peculiar, que tanta controvérsia tem gerado. Defende-se, neste estudo, que as orações causa (more) is de enunciação expressam a relação discursiva de Justificação, que envolve sempre a articulação de dois atos ilocutórios, um deles com o estatuto de ato principal, o outro com o estatuto de ato subordinado. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e asserções e argumenta-se a favor da inseparabilidade entre os domínios epistémico e ilocutório neste tipo de construções, contrariamente ao que defende Sweetser (1999). Num segundo momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e outras classes de atos ilocutórios, nomeadamente atos diretivos, compromissivos e expressivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to characterize utterance causal clauses within a theoretical framework that assumes different domains of discourse meaning - content, epistemic and speech-act domain. The assumption is that a semantic analysis may provide some explanation for the syntactic behaviour of the construction under scrutiny. It is argued in this paper that utterance causal clauses illustrate the discourse relation of Justification, which involves the connection (more) between two illocutionary acts, with different hierarchical status. It is also argued, contrary to Sweetser's 1999 account, that utterance causal clauses combined with assertions give rise to an elementary argumentative text, where the epistemic and the illocutionary domain are closely intertwined. The paper also contemplates the connection between utterance causal clauses and other classes of speech acts, namely directive, compromissive and expressive ones.

Lopes, Ana Cristina Macário

2012-12-01

78

Teacher turnover: An issue of workgroup racial diversity.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One neglected aspect of the teacher labor supply is a recent increase in the proportion of minority teachers. Using the Schools and Staffing Survey and the Teacher Follow-up Survey, one can estimate the relationship between workgroup racial diversity and the turnover of White teachers. This approach finds that young White teachers are more likely to stay in their original schools when the proportion of minority teachers is smaller. However, the opposite pattern emerges for older teachers. This poses a policy dilemma for recruiting and retaining teachers on the one hand and diversifying teaching staff on the other hand.

Kitae Sohn

2009-01-01

79

An exploratory study of the effects of teacher attractiveness on undergraduates' perceptions of teacher-student sexual involvement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study explored whether the attractiveness of a teacher affected perceptions of teacher sexual misconduct. Respondents (120 female and 108 male undergraduates) read scenarios depicting teacher sexual misconduct varied by gender dyad (male teacher-female student and female teacher-male student) and two levels of attractiveness (very attractive or ordinary looking). The attractiveness of the teacher had little impact on respondents' perceptions. Significant interactions emerged on most variables between respondent gender and gender dyad. Specifically, male respondents tended to view the female teacher-male student dyad as less negative than the male teacher-female student dyad. Female respondents generally did not make a distinction based on the gender dyad.

Fromuth ME; Kelly DB; Wilson AK; Finch LV; Scruggs L

2013-01-01

80

Dreams, teachers, and legislation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

When I accepted the James D. Mills Award from The American College of Emergency Physicians, I had three goals in mind, which I wanted to share with those attending the commemorative dinner meeting. My first goal was to remind those in attendance that each of us must make our academic dreams come true. My next goal was to acknowledge two of my empowering teachers at the dinner, Dr. Peter Rosen and Dr. William Sacco, who have made revolutionary advances in health care; and finally, I wished to remind the membership of the need to work with Congressional leaders to pass the Access to Emergency Medical Services Act of 2009. I warned the leaders in emergency medicine of the necessity to pass the Access to Emergency Medical Services Act of 2009 to ensure that our emergency medical patients receive prompt and responsible care. This has been our quest.

Edlich RF

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
81

Narratives, choices, alienation, and identity: learning from an elementary science teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

As we contemplate on teacher identity research, there is a need to place a teacher's narratives or story-lines at the center of that work. In this forum, in response to the insightful commentary from Stephen Ritchie and Maria Iñez Mafra Goulart and Eduardo Soares, I place a greater emphasis on understanding Daisy's narratives from an existing social identity framework. Narratives tell us intricate and complex actions that a teacher has taken both personally and professionally. Additionally, narratives help us see implicit nature of identity explicitly. Therefore, a greater focus has to be placed on interactions and utterances of a teacher to make sense of who they are and what they do as expressed by their own words (identity and action). Finally, I join with Ritchie and Goulart and Soares to advocate that identity research needs to include participants as co-researchers and co-authors as identities are very personal and complex to be fully understood by the outsiders (researchers).

Upadhyay, Bhaskar

2009-09-01

82

Dental Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... Now Live » Manage Your Oral Health » Dental Emergencies Dental Emergencies Aging and Geriatrics Oral Health Topics Dental ... emergency care you need. Tips for Dealing with Dental Emergencies Bitten Lip or Tongue Clean the area ...

83

Teacher's Domain  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers' Domain is an online educational service with two related components: collections and courses that help teachers enhance their students' learning experiences and advance their own teaching skills. The Teachers' Domain collections include classroom-ready multimedia resources for use in lessons or independent study, and the Teachers' Domain Professional Development courses utilize many of the same resources along with videos of exemplary classroom practice. The collections provide learning experiences that no textbook can. This ever-expanding library currently includes collections on life science, physical science, engineering, earth and space sciences.

2010-06-01

84

Challenges for Teacher Training Colleges in Poland  

Science.gov (United States)

Foreign Language Teacher Training Colleges (TTC) were established in Poland as a need for drastic changes in education, and a need to introduce western languages at all levels of schooling in 1992 arose. By the year 2001 TTC managed to graduate the number of teachers the market demanded, yet the quality of education provided emerged as a need to…

Akar, Hanife

2006-01-01

85

Teacher's Niche  

Science.gov (United States)

This website has information and links to resources for ocean sciences teachers located in North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The resources include professional development opportunities, student opportunities, teaching resources and lessons, and organizations and agencies to connect teachers with ocean science materials.

86

Competent teacher  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article focuses on the concept of competences which are necessary for defining a teacher with certain abilities as a competent teacher. While analysing the concept of competence one should remember about the differences in interpreting the notions of competence and qualifications, as well as about recognizing both competences and qualifications as key factors.

Piatek Tadeusz

2010-01-01

87

Relationships between Teacher Characteristics, Interpersonal Teacher Behaviour and Teacher Wellbeing  

Science.gov (United States)

|The classroom as a microsystem is characterised by many interpersonal relationships. These relationships are perceived differently by the teacher than they are by the students. In our research we examine the relationship between formal teacher characteristics, interpersonal teacher behaviour as perceived by the teacher, and teacher wellbeing.…

Van Petegem, K.; Creemers, B. P. M.; Rossel, Y.; Aelterman, A.

2005-01-01

88

Relationships between Teacher Characteristics, Interpersonal Teacher Behaviour and Teacher Wellbeing  

Science.gov (United States)

The classroom as a microsystem is characterised by many interpersonal relationships. These relationships are perceived differently by the teacher than they are by the students. In our research we examine the relationship between formal teacher characteristics, interpersonal teacher behaviour as perceived by the teacher, and teacher wellbeing.…

Van Petegem, K.; Creemers, B. P. M.; Rossel, Y.; Aelterman, A.

2005-01-01

89

Preparing Sustainability-Literate Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Background/Context: This article explores sustainability as an emerging paradigm for preservice preparation of teachers. Sustainability education, which is rooted in Deweyan ideas about the fundamental social purposes of schooling, attends to the tensions created by the interconnectedness of environmental, economic, and social equity systems.…

Nolet, Victor

2009-01-01

90

Pediatric emergencies: thoracic emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Emergencies always require rapid diagnosis and an urgent or semi-urgent medical, interventional, or surgical action. In most cases radiology plays an essential role in making an accurate diagnosis. Reviewing the causes of acute respiratory pathology in the different pediatric age groups, we thought it would be interesting to divide the pathologies into two main parts: one part concerning pathologies involving the air flow and the other part concerning pathology affecting the pulmonary parenchyma. We acknowledge, however, that both conditions can occur concomitantly. The esophagus is another anatomic structure in the thorax that can be responsible for acute pathology in children. Acute pathology predominantly involving the air flow can be intrinsic and/or extrinsic, affecting the upper airways, trachea, main and segmental bronchi, and the small airways. Acute lung pathology can be congenital, infectious, or less frequently, tumoral or traumatic in children. Pleural pathology and cardiogenic emergencies are discussed also. Acute esophageal pathology is discussed briefly. (orig.)

Breysem, L.; Loyen, S.; Boets, A.; Smet, M.-H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Proesmans, M.; Boeck, K. de [Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

2002-12-01

91

Emergency Alerts  

Science.gov (United States)

Emergency Alerts You can receive important lifesaving alerts no matter where you are - at home, at school, or at ... what is available in your area. Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) send free informational ...

92

Is prosodic development correlated with grammatical and lexical development? Evidence from emerging intonation in Catalan and Spanish.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This investigation focuses on the development of intonation patterns in four Catalan-speaking children and two Spanish-speaking children between 0 ; 11 and 2 ; 4. Pitch contours were prosodically analyzed within the Autosegmental Metrical framework in all meaningful utterances, for a total of 6558 utterances. The pragmatic meaning and communicative function were also assessed. Three main conclusions arise from the results. First, the study shows that the Autosegmental Metrical model can be successfully used to transcribe early intonation contours. Second, results reveal that children's emerging intonation is largely independent of grammatical development, and generally it develops well before the appearance of two-word combinations. As for the relationship between lexical and intonational development, the data show that the emergence of intonational grammar is related to the onset of speech and the presence of a small lexicon. Finally, we discuss the implications of these results for the biological hypothesis of intonational production.

Prieto P; Estrella A; Thorson J; Vanrell Mdel M

2012-03-01

93

Responding to Expert Arguments. Emerging Lay Topoi in Focus Group Interviews on GM-Crops  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper challenges the view that attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in agriculture are "utterly resistant to persuasion", as Scholderer (2005) humorously suggests in a review of the literature. Methodologically, this is achieved by studying opinions as they emerge in situated interaction (Myers 2004), in casu in focus groups interviews with both GM-experts and lay persons without specific knowledge on GM-crops. The paper analyses the lay persons' responses to persuasive expert utterances as inventive contributions to the discussion, not just as reactions showing either support or rejection. That is, the paper analyses the topoi, the argumentative ‘places', realized by the lay persons in dealing with and making sense of the new knowledge presented by the experts. Finally, the paper identifies the social identities as participants in a public debate, which are enacted by the lay contributions.

HorsbØl, Anders

2009-01-01

94

A Case Study of Teacher’s Politeness in EFL Class  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Politeness is an important factor in human interaction. In the past two decades or so, much has been written and different theories have emerged about politeness. This is a case study of a Chinese EFL teacher’s linguistic politeness in classroom based on observation, recorded data and interview with both the teacher and the students. Then a conclusion is drawn that politeness does exist in EFL classroom and it does contribute to both teaching and learning.

Xiaoqing Jiang

2010-01-01

95

Teacher's Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

Lesson plans and exercises for teachers to use this site and the CD-ROM ?Atomic Archive: Enhanced Edition? in their classrooms. The exercises cover the following subjects: Arms Control, Atomic Physics, Delivery Systems, Fission, Fusion, History and Weapon Effects.

Griffith, Christopher

96

A Case Study of Teacher’s Politeness in EFL Class  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Politeness is an important factor in human interaction. In the past two decades or so, much has been written and different theories have emerged about politeness. This is a case study of a Chinese EFL teacher’s linguistic politeness in classroom based on observation, recorded data and interview with...

Xiaoqing Jiang

97

Teachers’ Thought Processes: The Case of Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher’s behaviour is substantially influenced and even determined by teachers’ thought processes. Several studies concerning effectiveness in physical education have analysed various topics such as student engagement, curriculum time allocation, teaching methods, teacher behaviour, and teacher perceptions. However, these investigations have not applied the classroom research findings identified by other researchers. Firstly, this study explains the implied thoughts of the explained Tunisian Gymnastic University Teachers (TGUT) to teach gymnastics learning processes by analyzing their thought processes. Secondly, we included the analysis of the connection, interaction and relationship between the three topics reviewed. Thirdly, we identified and analyzed the difference between different Tunisian physical educational teachers’ thoughts and its influence on their didactical practice intervention. Data were collected during 4 months of observations and interviews with six TGUT at the high institute of sport and physical education (ISSEP) in Tunisia. They all teach not mixed class in Level1 (first year, BAC + 1). These interviews were semi structured (40 minutes each) and gave teachers the opportunity to share their perspectives on broad topics such as education, teaching, and society, and also on more succinct topics such as individual students and situations that had occurred in previous lessons. The data were analyzed using constant comparison. Three topics emerged illustrate how the teachers’ thinking influenced their selecting, ordering, and formulating of curriculum units, their didactic and pedagogical manoeuvring during lessons. This study revealed three major conceptions used by TGUT: 1) Teaching based on pedagogical conceptions (7.20%), 2) Teaching based on sciences (17.42%), and 3) Teaching based on means and practices (75.37%). A number of themes emerged from the analysis of each case, aside to the contextualised responses of individuals. The perception of the TGUT had two consequences: 1) a didactic consequence; the TGUT plan activities that will assist students in developing only physical skills, 2) the legitimacy of the contributory sciences in training programs for student teachers of physical education (PE). Basis on this argument, we might reasonably ask what might be done to address this problem. The issues discussed in this paper will encourage teachers to reflect on their own teaching beliefs and practices and to include them in the process of planning and teaching effectiveness.

Naila Bali

2013-01-01

98

Emergency planning  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book contains 26 papers. Some of the titles are: Tri-purpose emergency management model; A feasibility study for simulating and evaluating nuclear power plant urban diaster evacuation plans; Simulation using geographic data bases: An application in emergency management; Spatial data requirements for emergency response; and Transportation emergency response personnel accident simulator (TERPAS) system.

Carroll, J.M.

1985-01-01

99

[Psychiatric emergencies].  

Science.gov (United States)

The present work is divided into four parts, the first part is a brief "Discourse on Emergency" that attempts to clarify the elements that distinguish psychiatric from medical emergency. The second part reviews the "Clinical pictures in which psychiatric emergency is not common". Psychopathological emergencies are briefly reviewed and mention is made of psychiatric emergencies deriving from non-psychiatric pathologies. The third part gives "Advice on the right approach to adopt in response to calls". Some integrated approaches are suggested. The fourth part presents several models of "Short-term psychotherapy in psychiatric emergency". Two cases of emergency treatment using multiple approach techniques are reported. PMID:3763026

Merra, S

1986-09-15

100

[Psychiatric emergencies  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present work is divided into four parts, the first part is a brief "Discourse on Emergency" that attempts to clarify the elements that distinguish psychiatric from medical emergency. The second part reviews the "Clinical pictures in which psychiatric emergency is not common". Psychopathological emergencies are briefly reviewed and mention is made of psychiatric emergencies deriving from non-psychiatric pathologies. The third part gives "Advice on the right approach to adopt in response to calls". Some integrated approaches are suggested. The fourth part presents several models of "Short-term psychotherapy in psychiatric emergency". Two cases of emergency treatment using multiple approach techniques are reported.

Merra S

1986-09-01

 
 
 
 
101

Where Have All the Teachers Gone?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A rising need for teachers is projected for California and the nation during the next decade. Sound policy for teacher preparation should not only foster a capable workforce, it should also assure that the supply of qualified teachers balances with employment demand. A conceptual model is proposed to describe the flow of individuals through teacher preparation programs and the workplace. In California the workforce is projected to grow by thirty percent over the next ten years, stimulating the demand for teachers. At present the number of newly credentialed teachers exceeds the number hired. However, the apparent abundance masks an oversupply of teachers in some curricular and geographic areas and shortages elsewhere. Evidence for a lack of balance between supply and demand is found in an upward trend of emergency hiring of teachers who do not meet all requirements for a credential and low employment rates for first-time college and university prepared teachers. The asymmetry between supply and demand could be redressed partly through better retention of working teachers and closer coordination of preparation programs with the needs of schools in their service areas.

Mark Fetler

1997-01-01

102

TEACHER NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed from 1st December 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before November 20th. English National Programme - Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire

2002-01-01

103

THE SCHOOL TEACHER’S RULE IN THE EDUCATION OF THE FUTURE TEACHER OF SCIENCE : a discourse in silence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we focus our attention on the Supervised Internship teacher`s practice, specifically in relations established between the individuals involved (professor, schools, and students), seeking to identify papers about this subject as the approaches to the students of the school and the school-teacher’s role in this process. We identified a school teacher’s lack of knowledge and also a lack of appreciation of their practice and related it to the prospect of silencing in Discourse Analysis of the French Line – DA. We affiliate this silence to its historicity seeking clues on the construction of this discourse. We conclude that the naturalized absence of the school-teachers and of their knowledge in the education of the future teachers is produced by academy speeches that ignore them and silence about them. Also formed on this basis, the teacher of basic education builds his senses, for example, perceiving himself absent from the process, assuming a position and, consequently, a role that placed him in silence, even after the emergence of a new discourse produced from practice valuation in the initial teacher education.

Giselle de Souza Paula; Suzani Cassiani

2011-01-01

104

Ocular emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To describe clinical data about ocular emergencies (OE) and their management. Material and Methods: A comprehensive analysis of the computer record available for admitted ocular emergencies was undertaken in terms of gender, age, etiology, procedure performed and hospital stay. Results: Ocular emergencies (1961) were 18.49% of total admissions. Male to female ratio was 2:1. Non-traumatic ocular emergencies were 1058 (53.95%) with male to female ratio of 1.47:1. In the non-traumatic ocular emergencies, majority (67.2%) were 40 years or above. Traumatic ocular emergencies were 925 (47.16%) with male to female ratio of 2.77:1. Majority (83.78%) of traumatic ocular emergencies were below 40 years and 562 (60.75%) below 20 years of age. Only 150 (16.21%) cases were 40 years and above. Corneal ulcers (44.51%) and glaucoma (24.38%) were the most common non-traumatic ocular emergencies, whereas, open globe injuries (73.4%) were leading the traumatic ocular emergencies. Total surgical procedures performed were 1382 (13.7% of total major ophthalmic surgery). Average stay in hospital was 5.5 days. Conclusion: Ocular emergencies predominantly affected the males in this series. Trauma related OE are almost as common as non-traumatic. Majority of OE need surgical intervention and the average hospital stay is longer than routine admissions. (author)

2004-01-01

105

[The use of verbal communicative abilities to increase the mean length of utterance in high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: high-functioning autism (HFA) and Asperger Syndrome (AS) are pervasive developmental disorders that present alterations in the communicative and social skills. AIM: to use verbal communicative skill strategies (VCS) to increase the mean length of utterance (MLU) produced by individuals with HFA and AS. METHOD: participants were three 12-year-old males with HFA or AS. Data was collected from videotape recordings of structured verbal interaction sessions with the researcher and each participant during eight months. In order to verify the effects of the intervention, a multiple baseline research design across the participants was used, being composed by two phases: baseline (BL) and intervention (I). In the BL phase, spontaneous interaction situations occurred between the researcher and each participant. In the first phase of I, the intervention sessions occurred twice a week and gradually worked their way to once a week, but only after each participant had reached the goal of increasing the MLU. The number of sessions decreased gradually to avoid any drop in performance. The strategies which were used were divided in blocks of activities: spontaneous conversation; activities involving specific language difficulties; games with rules; story/report telling; and meta-linguistic activities. RESULTS: the application of the proposed strategies for verbal communicative abilities achieved the purpose of increasing the MLU of all three participants. CONCLUSION: suggestions are made for further researches that investigate the maintenance of the results in other environments and during the interaction with different communication partners.

Lopes-Herrera SA; Almeida MA

2008-01-01

106

TESOL TEACHERS’ DIVERGENT REFLECTIVE THINKING ON WHAT MAKES A LANGUAGE TEACHER “GOOD”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Current literature reflects disparate characteristics of good language teachers: Harmer (2008) suggests that good language teachers should have sufficient knowledge of the language; studies from Grundy et.al. (2005) and Mullock (2003) both suggest the importance of teachers’ ability to understand students’ needs, while Brown (1994) discusses the importance of the desire to upgrade teaching skills. With divergent views concerning numerous characteristics that can improve one’s language teaching skills and enhancing teaching/learning effectiveness, it seems logical to assume teachers have their beliefs on what characteristics of good language teachers are more important than others. To this end, taxonomy with the characteristics of good language teachers drawn from the literature was developed by the researcher. Through ranking these characteristics in the taxonomy, this study explores what points of agreement or divergence emerge from the rankings by Chinese college TESOL teachers in Taiwan. Findings show that even with limited characteristics of good language teachers presented in the taxonomy, colleagues at the same department andschool still have conflicting rankings. It was also revealed that the characteristics they perceived as important when they were students are quite different from those characteristics they currently perceive to be important. This research revealed that Chinese TESOLcolleagues have strikingly different beliefs about the important characteristics of good language teachers, as well as demonstrated the importance of reflection by language teachers upon their own beliefs and the need to share those beliefs with their students.

Lilian Ya-Hui Chang

2012-01-01

107

Emergency contraception.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite significant declines over the past 2 decades, the United States continues to have teen birth rates that are significantly higher than other industrialized nations. Use of emergency contraception can reduce the risk of pregnancy if used up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure and is most effective if used in the first 24 hours. Indications for the use of emergency contraception include sexual assault, unprotected intercourse, condom breakage or slippage, and missed or late doses of hormonal contraceptives, including the oral contraceptive pill, contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring (ie, improper placement or loss/expulsion), and injectable contraception. Adolescents younger than 17 years must obtain a prescription from a physician to access emergency contraception in most states. In all states, both males and females 17 years or older can obtain emergency contraception without a prescription. Adolescents are more likely to use emergency contraception if it has been prescribed in advance of need. The aim of this updated policy statement is to (1) educate pediatricians and other physicians on available emergency contraceptive methods; (2) provide current data on safety, efficacy, and use of emergency contraception in teenagers; and (3) encourage routine counseling and advance emergency-contraception prescription as 1 part of a public health strategy to reduce teen pregnancy. This policy focuses on pharmacologic methods of emergency contraception used within 120 hours of unprotected or underprotected coitus for the prevention of unintended pregnancy. Emergency contraceptive medications include products labeled and dedicated for use as emergency contraception by the US Food and Drug Administration (levonorgestrel and ulipristal) and the "off-label" use of combination oral contraceptives.

2012-12-01

108

Testing Gone Amok: Leave No Teacher Candidate behind  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher preparation, now acknowledged for its impact on K-12 student achievement (Darling-Hammond, 2000; Darling-Hammond, Berry, & Thoreson, 2000), needs to be part of the discussions about ways to address emerging issues with testing and accountability. What then do teacher educators who work with those preparing to teach do to guide their…

Wepner, Shelley B.

2006-01-01

109

Organização ético-discursiva em enunciados da imprensa contemporânea: do trabalho do jornalista à construção identitária editorial / Ethical-discursive organization in contemporary print utterances: from the journalist's work to the construction of editorial identity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RESUMO: Este artigo discute como as relações intersubjetivas empreendidas no enunciado jornalístico impresso em uma série de reportagens evidenciam movimentos discursivos que, por um lado,denem o posicionamento ético no trabalho dos jornalistas e, por outro, revelam mecanismos discursivos que moldam a identidade editorial. Entendendo a reportagem como enunciado concreto instaurado a partir da orientação apreciativa revelada no acabamento dos sujeitosenunciativos, os modos de inclusão da palavra de outrem são problematizados para demonstrar como se dá a organização identitária editorial. ABSTRACT: This article discusses how the intersubjective relations accomplished in the print journalistic utterance in one series of reportage show discursive movements that, on the one hand, define the ethical positioning at the work of journalists and, on the other, reveal discursive mechanismsthat shape the editorial identity. Understanding the reportage as a concrete utterance established from the appreciative orientation revealed in the completion of the utterance subjects, the ways ofinclusion of the words of others are problematized to demonstrate how the organization of the editorial identity takes place.

Anderson Salvaterra Magalhães

2010-01-01

110

Collective Memory Loss: Secondary Teachers and School Qualifications in New Zealand  

Science.gov (United States)

This article draws on research among very experienced secondary teachers in New Zealand to show that a prolonged period of neo-liberal education policies can have a lasting effect on teachers' memories of their own radical past. Despite the existence in the 1970s and 1980s of an emerging consensus among secondary teachers that the traditional…

Alison, Judie

2006-01-01

111

Co-constructing Efficacy: A "Communities of Practice" Perspective on Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

|Teachers' efficacy beliefs are critical to improving student learning, but we have yet to fully understand how these beliefs develop. The prevailing model of teachers' efficacy development emerges from cognitive theories, but sociocultural theories may add insights to modeling the impact of teachers' school contexts. This case study takes a…

Takahashi, Sola

2011-01-01

112

Emergency preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In 1996 the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) continued in systematic development of its activities in the field of emergency planning according to the concept adopted by the Authority and according to the concept for building Emergency headquarters (EH) adopted after establishing of Emergency Response Centre (ERC). Major efforts were focused not only on building up a quality EH, but also tasks associated with completion and incorporation of ERC into emergency planning and emergency managing. An important role in building ERC was played by international missions. Significant position among these missions was taken by missions from Great Britain, which in the past years made a significant contribution to building up ERC. These missions focused on review of newly created standard procedures, preparation and implementation of first emergency exercises of the EH. The emergency exercises in which NRA SR took place in 1996 are reviewed. In order to make the co-operation of the Authority with the selected Army units of SR more effective in solving extraordinary situations in nuclear energy, an agreement was signed between NRA SR and the Headquarters of the Army of SR, which will help significantly to the objective

1997-01-01

113

High School Teacher Professionalism in Enhancing the Quality of Teaching and Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims at exploring teachers’ perceptions of characteristics of teacher’s professionalism. This study also identifies understanding of teachers on seven criteria of teacher professionalism that are educating, teaching, guiding, instructing, training, evaluating, and reflecting. In addition, this study was conducted to observe how the seven elements of teacher professionalism have been practiced in high school classroom. The research instruments were (1) open-ended questions to explore the teachers’ perception of the characteristics of teacher’s professionalism, (2) fixed-response forms to identify percentage of teachers’ understanding on the scope of duty of teachers’ professionalism, and (3) observation checklist to identify percentage of teacher’s professionalism practices in classroom. Data was analysed by using thematic and descriptive approaches. Four themes emerged from this study are students’ behaviour management, teaching and learning in classroom, encouragement and Evaluation, and students’ performance. The data shows that the teachers are familiar with teaching professionalism. Data also revealed that quite a high percentage of teachers understand the scope of teacher’s professionalism. However, when it comes to practice, they employ it unsatisfactorily. The implication is that practice of professionalism in the classroom needs to be promoted in comparison with the other elements.

M. Nur Mustafa

2013-01-01

114

PRIMARY TEACHERS CANDIDATES’ VIEWS ON GOOD TEACHER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine qualitatively 109 third year primary teacher candidates’ views on being a good teacher. One open-ended question was posed to teacher candidates to be answered in writing. Although opinions about being a good teacher were categorized into six subtitles: personal characteristics, knowledge of subject and its teaching;, skills, professional growth, appreciation, and commitment to the mission, most of the answers were about different dimensions of personal characteristics.

Behiye UBUZ; Sibel SARI

2009-01-01

115

911 Emergencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... sick, or has a headache might have a concussion or other head injury. Dealing with an emergency ... Know What to Do After a Car Crash Concussions Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a ...

116

THE JOURNALISTIC UTTERANCE ON TWITTER  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article aims to discuss the impact of the characteristics of the Twitter platform on the application of standard journalistic technique (TRAQUINA, 2008) during the creation and production of news releases as tweets and, at the same time, it seeks to identify their specifications regard...

Mabel Oliveira Teixeira

117

Emergent Spacetime  

CERN Document Server

We give an introductory account of the AdS/CFT correspondence in the 1/2-BPS sector of ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory.Six of the dimensions of the string theory are emergent in the Yang-Mills theory. In this article we suggest how these dimensions and local physics in these dimensions emerge. The discussion is aimed at non-experts.

Koch, Robert de Mello

2009-01-01

118

Paediatric emergencies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The care of sick children can be challenging for the anaesthetist who is only involved in the occasional care of paediatric patients. This paper outlines the care of medical and surgical paediatric emergencies for which an anaesthetist working at a district general hospital or equivalent may encounter. Conditions discussed include paediatric respiratory emergencies, sepsis, status epilepticus, the acute abdomen in the newborn, intussusception, the bleeding tonsil, trauma and the child with burns.

McDougall RJ

2013-01-01

119

EMERGENCY CALLS  

CERN Multimedia

IN URGENT NEED OF A DOCTOR GENEVA EMERGENCY SERVICES GENEVA AND VAUD 144 FIRE BRIGADE 118 POLICE 117 CERN FIREMEN 767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 01-251-51-51 Patient not fit to be moved, call family doctor, or: GP AT HOME, open 24h/24h 748-49-50 Association Of Geneva Doctors Emergency Doctors at home 07h-23h 322 20 20 Patient fit to be moved: HOPITAL CANTONAL CENTRAL 24 Micheli-du-Crest 372-33-11 ou 382-33-11 EMERGENCIES 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL 6 rue Willy-Donzé 372-33-11 MATERNITY 32 bvd.de la Cluse 382-68-16 ou 382-33-11 OPHTHALMOLOGY 22 Alcide Jentzer 382-33-11 ou 372-33-11 MEDICAL CENTRE CORNAVIN 1-3 rue du Jura 345 45 50 HOPITAL DE LA TOUR Meyrin EMERGENCIES 719-61-11 URGENCES PEDIATRIQUES 719-61-00 LA TOUR MEDICAL CENTRE 719-74-00 European Emergency Call 112 FRANCE EMERGENCY SERVICES 15 FIRE BRIGADE 18 POLICE 17 CERN FIREMEN AT HOME 00-41-22-767-44-44 ANTI-POISONS CENTRE Open 24h/24h 04-72-11-69-11 All doctors ...

Medical Service

2001-01-01

120

Oncologic emergencies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patients with malignancies are subject to develop a unique set of urgent and life-threatening complications. These emergency problems can be the result of the disease itself, the result from the therapy directed against the cancer or the result of previously existing pathological conditions not related to cancer. In some cases, these problems are the first symptom of the tumor. Aim: The aim of this study was to review the literature regarding the oncologic emergencies. Method: The method of this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, mainly in the on-line data base 'Pubmed'. Results: Tumor lysis syndrome, malignant spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, cardiovascular emergencies, acute renal failure, venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, metabolic emergencies, neutropenic infection, acute pulmonary problems, acute hemorrhage and hematuria are the most important oncologic emergencies. Conclusions: Early diagnosis of the oncologic emergencies and prompt interventions can be lifesaving. However, staging of the tumor, response to current treatment, overall prognosis and patient and family wishes should be assessed in order to establish an appropriate treatment plan.

Maria K. ?gapiou; Elpida Th. Georgiadi

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Introducing the Cycle of Inquiry System: A Reflective Inquiry Practice for Early Childhood Teacher Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cycle of Inquiry (COI) is a tool for emergent curriculum planning and for professional development of early childhood teachers and teacher education students. The COI includes a sequence of five organizational forms connecting analysis of documentation data with intentional planning for long-term emergent inquiry inspired by the Reggio Emilia…

Broderick, Jane Tingle; Hong, Seong Bock

2011-01-01

122

Exposure management systems in emergencies as comprehensive medical care  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The emergency management of nuclear hazards relies on a comprehensive medical care system that includes accident prevention administration, environmental monitoring, a health physics organization, and a medical institution. In this paper, the care organization involved in the criticality accident at Tokai-mura is described, and the problems that need to be examined are pointed out. In that incident, even the expert was initially utterly confused and was unable to take appropriate measures. The author concluded that the members of the care organization were all untrained for dealing with nuclear hazards and radiation accidents. The education and training of personnel at the job site are important, and they are even more so for the leaders. Revisions of the regional disaster prevention plans and care manual are needed. (K.H.)

Shinohara, Teruhiko [Ibaraki Medical Center, Mito (Japan)

2000-01-01

123

Nuclear emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This leaflet, which is in the form of a fold-up chart, has panels of text which summarize the emergencies that could arise and the countermeasures and emergency plans that have been prepared should nuclear accident occur or affect the United Kingdom. The levels of radiation doses at which various measures would be introduced are outlined. The detection and monitoring programmes that would operate is illustrated. The role of NRPB and the responsible government departments are set out together with an explanation of how the National Arrangements for Incidents involving Radioactivity would be coordinated. (UK)

1991-01-01

124

Emerging priority  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Society today looks to scientists and engineers to solve problems. An emerging challenge for these problem solvers is to discover how human numbers can be controlled and how to balance industrial development with environmental protection. This must entail a synthesis of moral, technological, political, social, and ethical considerations.

Scorer, R.S.

1981-05-01

125

Emergency Preparedness  

CERN Document Server

The trends of RPC work in the area of preparedness for nuclear and radiological accidents are listed. RPC in cooperation with Swedish Government developed the project on preparation for iodine prophylaxis in case of accident at Ignalina NPP and arranged seminar on emergency preparedness issues in 2001.

2001-01-01

126

EMERGING ISSUES  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to better fulfill its mission under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement for the restoration and maintenance of the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem GLNPO has funded strategic or emerging issues of basin-wide importance: ...

127

Coital emergencies.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The act of heterosexual coitus is associated with morbidity due to a variety of conditions as well as with a small risk of sudden death. Awareness of the presentation of coital emergencies is essential to allow appropriate medical management and sexual counselling.

Banerjee, A.

128

Emergency control  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The main trends in the development of techniques presently used for emergency control of electric power systems are illustrated, from load-shedding to islanding, generator control, automatic reclosure of circuits, reactive power control and auxiliary aids in the control centers. Methods for improving the design criteria are reviewed. 61 refs.

Di Caprio, U.

1982-01-01

129

Emergency preparedness  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This presentation included several slides depicting well control and emergency preparedness. It provided information to help in pre-emergency planning for potential well control situations. Key Safety and Blowout Control Corp has gained experience in the Canadian and International well control industry as well as from the fires of Kuwait. The president of the company lectures on the complications and concerns of managers, wellsite supervisors, service companies, the public sector, land owners, government agencies and the media. The slides presented scenarios based on actual blowout recovery assignments and described what types of resources are needed by a well control team. The presentation addressed issues such as the responsibility of a well control team and what they can be expected to do. The issue of how government agencies become involved was also discussed. The presentation combines important information and descriptive images of personal experiences in fire fighting and well control. The emergency situations presented here demonstrate the need for a thorough understanding of preplanning for emergencies and what to expect when a typical day in the oil patch turns into a high stress, volatile situation. tabs., figs.

Jackson, J. [Key Safety and Blowout Control Corp., Sylvan Lake, AB (Canada)

2001-07-01

130

Cardiac emergencies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The diagnosis and management of pediatric cardiac emergencies can be challenging and complicated. Early presentations are usually the result of ductal-dependent lesions and appear with cyanosis and shock. Later presentations are the result of volume overload or pump failure and present with signs of congestive heart failure. Acquired diseases also present as congestive heart failure or arrhythmias.

Barata IA

2013-08-01

131

Student Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers’ Practices Following Curricular Change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Three low-achieving, secondary-level science classes were studied. Motivation was measured by two scales (Intrinsic and Extrinsic); Perceptions were measured in four dimensions. Significant associations (p < .05) were observed between intrinsic motivation and (a) Perception of the use of Laboratory Work; (b) Perception of Science-Technology-Society and (c) Perceived Student Autonomy. No association was noted between intrinsic motivation and the Perception of Teacher as Facilitator. Results are generally consistent with previous literature. Teacher professional development lags behind curricular change. Teachers require new conceptions of assessment.

Carolina CARVALHO; Sofia FREIRE; Joseph CONBOY; Mónica BAPTISTA; Ana FREIRE; Mário AZEVEDO; Teresa OLIVEIRA

2011-01-01

132

Correlação entre vocabulário expressivo e extensão média do enunciado em crianças com alteração específica de linguagem/ Correlation between expressive vocabulary and mean length utterance in children with language disorder  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: verificar a influência da idade no desempenho lexical e gramatical, e investigar a existência de correlação entre vocabulário expressivo e as medidas de extensão média de enunciado em crianças com alteração específica de linguagem. MÉTODO: participaram do estudo trinta sujeitos com diagnóstico de alteração específica de linguagem, entre 4:0 a 6:11 anos, sendo dez de cada faixa etária. Todos realizaram de forma completa a prova de vocabulário e (more) xpressivo (ABFW) e de Extensão Média do Enunciado, independente de gênero ou escolaridade. O estudo foi retrospectivo e a coleta de dados se baseou nas filmagens e gravações das provas acima mencionadas. RESULTADOS: o desempenho gramatical não apresentou diferença estatística entre as idades, mas foi observada correlação positiva entre o vocabulário expressivo e o uso de palavras de classe fechada, e entre o vocabulário expressivo e a extensão de palavras por enunciado (p-valor Abstract in english PURPOSE: to check the influence of age on the lexical and grammatical performance, and investigate the correlation between the number of usual verbal description in expressive vocabulary test and measures for mean length of utterance in children with Specific Language Impairment. METHOD: thirty children with Specific Language Impairment between 4:0 and 6:11 year-old took part in the study, and ten were selected from each age range that had the Expressive Vocabulary Test ( (more) ABFW) and Mean Length of Utterance Test, independent gender or education. The study was retrospective, based on filming and recordings of those tests as for the data collection. RESULTS: no statistical difference was found in the grammatical performance among ages, but positive correlation was observed among the usual verbal description and parameters MG-2 and EME-P for Mean Length of Utterance Test (p

Befi-Lopes, Debora Maria; Nuñes, Camila de Oliveira; Cáceres, Ana Manhani

2013-02-01

133

Emerging issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some formal and informal mechanisms were implemented at the Ontario Ministry of the Environment that allow the identification of emerging environmental issues. The early warning is most often provided through the expertise of the personnel and their contacts. The Ministry commissioned a study to review the process, learn from the processes in place in other organizations, and implement the appropriate changes into its emerging issues procedure. The team conducting the review answered four specific questions. The first question was: What are the necessary elements of an emerging issues tool? The second question was: What are some of the best practices in other jurisdictions? It was followed by the question: How do those jurisdictions implement emerging issues models? The final question was: What implementation is appropriate for the Ontario Ministry of the Environment? The approach involved reviewing the appropriate literature and reviewing the best practices in place in other jurisdictions, both in the United States and in Europe. Senior officials in Canada and the United States were interviewed, and the procedure was identified and described. A case study concerning the acid rain problem in the 1960s and 1970s was used to test the developed procedure retroactively. This procedure involves a variation of the top-down, bottom-up input procedure at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), with a formal issues scanning process, and the prioritizing and analysis of the steps. It was noted that if the procedure had been in place in the late 1960s in Ontario, it would have been possible to identify one or more impacts from the acid rain situation ten years earlier. Preventive and remedial action could have been implemented, leading to environmental and economic benefits for the province of Ontario. The broad involvement of stakeholders is required for an open and systematic prioritization of the issues. The authors concluded the study by identifying possible implementation options within the structure of the Ontario Ministry of the Environment.

2000-01-01

134

ChemTeacher: Titration  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Titration page includes resources for teaching students about the theory and applications of titrations.

2011-01-01

135

ChemTeacher: Stoichiometry  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Stoichiometry page includes resources for teaching students about stoichiometry.

2011-01-01

136

ChemTeacher: Proton  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Proton page includes resources for teaching students about protons.

2011-01-01

137

ChemTeacher: Isotopes  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Isotopes page includes resources for teaching students about the structure and uses of isotopes.

2011-01-01

138

Effects of teacher training  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article gives a short overview over existing knowledge concerning the effect of teacher training in relation to adult learning. It presents a research design for measuring the effect of teacher traning.

Wahlgren, Bjarne; Larsen, Lea Lund

2010-01-01

139

Teacher Page - Deutsch Klasse  

Science.gov (United States)

On this site you will find the resource needed to teach a German Level I Course. There are links below for lesson plans and a link to the student page. This page is an introductory page for the teacher. Below are four links that will provide teachers with additional resources to use in their classrooms. Teacher Page - Lesson Plans Teacher Page - Resources Student Page - Deutsch Klasse Student WebQuests ...

Barlow, Frau

2009-11-02

140

Performance Pay for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

During the past few years, interest in shifting at least a portion of what teachers are paid away from a reliance on a traditional salary schedule to one that incorporates a pay for performance component has reached a new high. Proponents of the approach view it as a way to improve teacher quality by both motivating teachers and--through higher…

Protheroe, Nancy

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

The teacher under stress  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stre...

Krnjaji? Stevan B.

142

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes Brigham Young University's elementary rural teacher training program which has successfully provided rural student teaching experiences for over 250 prospective teachers since 1973. Details live-in experience, financial structure, reciprocal benefits, and school district-university cooperation in teacher preparation. (NEC)

Campbell, Milo K.

1986-01-01

143

Teacher Education in Scandinavia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The trend in Scandinavia is to broaden teacher education and training for academic secondary school teachers in order to overcome excessive specialization. The context of apprenticeship of pre-school, primary teachers is changing toward a more academically oriented program. However, the affective part of the learning/teaching process is becoming…

Wasser, Henry

144

Abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

2012-01-01

145

Emergent spin  

CERN Document Server

Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin-statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must "emerge" for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions. We will present a minimally doubled variation of staggered fermions describing only two species.

Creutz, Michael

2013-01-01

146

Emergency Care Handover (ECHO study) across care boundaries: the need for joint decision making and consideration of psychosocial history.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Inadequate handover in emergency care is a threat to patient safety. Handover across care boundaries poses particular problems due to different professional, organisational and cultural backgrounds. While there have been many suggestions for standardisation of handover content, relatively little is known about the verbal behaviours that shape handover conversations. This paper explores both what is communicated (content) and how this is communicated (verbal behaviours) during different types of handover conversations across care boundaries in emergency care. METHODS: Three types of interorganisational (ambulance service to emergency department (ED) in 'resuscitation' and 'majors' areas) and interdepartmental handover conversations (referrals to acute medicine) were audio recorded in three National Health Service EDs. Handover conversations were segmented into utterances. Frequency counts for content and language forms were derived for each type of handover using Discourse Analysis. Verbal behaviours were identified using Conversation Analysis. RESULTS: 203 handover conversations were analysed. Handover conversations involving ambulance services were predominantly descriptive (60%-65% of utterances), unidirectional and focused on patient presentation (75%-80%). Referrals entailed more collaborative talk focused on the decision to admit and immediate care needs. Across all types of handover, only 1.5%-5% of handover conversation content related to the patient's social and psychological needs. CONCLUSIONS: Handover may entail both descriptive talk aimed at information transfer and collaborative talk aimed at joint decision-making. Standardisation of handover needs to accommodate collaborative aspects and should incorporate communication of information relevant to the patient's social and psychological needs to establish appropriate care arrangements at the earliest opportunity.

Sujan MA; Chessum P; Rudd M; Fitton L; Inada-Kim M; Spurgeon P; Cooke MW

2013-09-01

147

Professionalize Sudanese Teachers’ Conception of Work through Action Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher action research is in the emergent stages in Sudanese schools and needs to be well disseminated and actively supported from the Ministry of education. Although the teacher-as-researcher movement has been in existence for some twenty years, there is a reason to think that the majority if not all, of Sudanese class teachers remain uninvolved. What lies behind their reluctance? This paper looks at the complexities in the role of a teacher engaging in action research. This includes the need to explore further the principles and practice of action research. This study puts forward explanations in four main areas: teachers’ perception of action research; teachers' professional status, teachers' confidence, and teachers' difficulty engaging in action research. For this purpose a workshop was held and representatives from seven Universities and 25 school teachers participated in a thorough discussion and further investigation was carried out based on the workshop discussion. The data was analyzed statistically and the results showed that the Sudanese teachers have no idea about action research it is not part of their culture as well as the institutions culture. Teachers are reluctant to do an action research and that due to the lack of knowledge which was an important factor. Teachers are not certain about the adequacy of doing an action research. There are other factors such as time and the over load. Based on these findings recommendations are drawn, it is suggested that classroom teaching is an all-demanding and all-involving task which is excluding of an activity as exacting as research. However, it is argued that with appropriate support more teachers may become involved in an action research.

Ishraga Bashir

2011-01-01

148

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development for teachers is the range of formal and informal processes and activities that teachers engage in both inside and outside of the school, in order to improve their teaching knowledge and skills. The ultimate goal of teacher professional development is improving student learning outcomes. Research indicates that teachers have control over many factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of their students. Therefore, professional development focusing on effective classroom management will enhance a teacher's skills and performance in the classroom.

DR.S.KAYARKANNI

2012-01-01

149

Emergencia del hombre¹ en la formación de maestros y maestras en Colombia/ Emergência do homem na formação de mestres na Colômbia/ Emergence of man in the formation of teachers in Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O artigo é mostra da pesquisa realizada na perspectiva arqueológica e genealógica de Michel Foucault. Ela se propôs fazer visível a forma home emergente nos programas de formação de mestres na Colômbia, particularmente na Universidade São Tomé. Os arquivos que a mostram provem da massa documental que como discursos a priori -filosóficos, sociais, humanos- a terem feito viável, documentos institucionais que a sustentam, programas e textos pelos que circula e le (more) gitima como discurso formador na segunda metade do século XX. A descrição dos saberes que lhe deram forma conduz a umas análises das forças continentes que a possibilitam; aqui está à obrigatória referência ao poder como dispositivo para produzir uma Ontologia histórica do Presente. Abstract in spanish En este artículo muestro la investigación realizada en perspectiva arqueológica y genealógica de Foucault. Ésta se propuso hacer visible la forma hombre emergente en los programas de formación de maestros y maestras en Colombia, particularmente en la Universidad Santo Tomás. Los archivos que la muestran proceden de la masa documental que como discursos a priori -filosóficos, sociales y humanos- la viabilizan, documentos institucionales que la sustentan, programas (more) y textos por los que circula y se legitima como discurso formador en la segunda mitad del siglo XX. La descripción de los saberes que le dieron forma, condujo al análisis de las fuerzas contenientes que la posibilitaron; he aquí la obligatoria referencia al poder como dispositivo para producir una Ontología histórica del Presente. Abstract in english The article shows the research made in Foucault's archaeological and genealogical perspective. Its purpose was making visible the emergencing Form Man in the Teachers' Formation Programs in Colombia, particularly in Saint Thomas University. The archives in what such a Form is registered came from the field of documentation, which is taken as: a body of a priori (philosophical, social and human) discourses that make it viable, institutional documents that uphold it (more) , Programs and Textbooks, which work as a platform where the Form Man may circulate to and from and that give it legitimacy as forming discourse in the second half of 20th Century. The description of knowledges that gave form to it, led to the analysis of containing forces that made it possible. That's why it is required the reference to power, which is the dispositive (trigger) for producing a historical Ontology of the Present.

Antonio Arias, Francisco

2011-07-01

150

Mentoring New Science Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Most experienced high school science teachers are asked at some point to serve as a mentor to a novice teacher. While mentor-training programs have been established in many states, they often only focus on how the mentor can help new science teachers understand and negotiate the school culture, such as how the school runs and where supplies are kept. Less attention is given to teaching mentors how to assist new science teachers to develop their content knowledge, general pedagogical knowledge, and science-specific pedagogical content knowledge. This article provides a checklist for mentor teachers to use when assessing the teaching skills and knowledge of new science teachers. This checklist helps prioritize what and how much assistance the new teacher needs.

Shea, Kathleen; Greenwood, Anita

2009-01-05

151

“Everybody is their own Island”: Teacher Disconnection in a Virtual School  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual schooling is a recent phenomenon in K-12 online learning. As such, the roles of the online teachers are emerging and differ from those of the traditional classroom teacher. Using qualitative interviews of eight virtual high school teachers, this study explored teachers’ perceptions of their online teaching role. Teachers expressed a sense of disconnection from their students, the profession, and their peers as a result of limited interactions due to significant institutional barriers. Researchers discuss the implications of this disconnection as well as future avenues for research.

Abigail Hawkins; Charles R. Graham; Michael K. Barbour

2012-01-01

152

Tecnologías emergentes en la educación: una experiencia de formación de docentes que fomenta el diseño de ambientes de aprendizaje/ Emerging technologies in education: a teacher training experience that encourages the design of learning environments/ Technologies émergentes dans l'enseignement: une expérience de formation d'enseignants qui construit le panorama d'environnements d'apprentissage  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este texto describe los resultados obtenidos en una experiencia de formación de docentes, que son estudiantes de la Maestría en Informática Educativa de la Universidad de La Sabana, dentro de la asignatura electiva Tecnologías Emergentes en la Educación, que cuyo objetivo es: "ofrecer al estudiante un espacio de reflexión y conceptualización sobre las principales tecnologías emergentes (TE) y sus usos en la educación". Entre los principales resultados, se encuent (more) ra que los estudiantes analizaron, indagaron y reflexionaron sobre las siguientes TE: Computación en la Nube, Inteligencia Colectiva, Mashups de Datos, Webs en Colaboración y Redes sociales. Asimismo, propusieron definiciones desde el punto de vista académico de cada una de ellas y diseñaron ocho ambientes de aprendizaje que integran de forma pedagógica una o varias TE en diferentes contextos educativos. Abstract in english This paper describes the results of a teacher training experience with a group of students taking the elective Emerging Technologies in Education (in the Maestría en Informática Educativa course at Universidad de La Sabana), whose aim is to "offer students a space for reflection and conceptualization on main emerging technologies (ET) and their uses in education". Among the main results, we find that students analyze, investigate and reflect on the following ETs: Cloud (more) Computing, Collective Intelligence, Data Mashups, Collaborative Webs and Social Networks. They also proposed definitions for each of these ETs from the academic point of view, and designed eight learning environments that integrate, in a pedagogical way, one or more ETs in different educational contexts.

Boude Figueredo, Oscar Rafael

2013-06-01

153

Pedagogical Systems and the Construction of the Primary School Teacher in the Teachers' Training Institution (Didaskalio) in Greece (1830-1933): Issues of Power and Governmentality  

Science.gov (United States)

This article investigates the governmentality in the pedagogical systems through the teachers' mission and the corresponding teachers' education in Greece from the construction of the nation/state and for about a century, according to the socio-economical conditions that emerged. It does so in order to analyse the relation of society, the…

Nikolakaki, Maria

2013-01-01

154

When Nature of Science Meets Marxism: Aspects of Nature of Science Taught by Chinese Science Teacher Educators to Prospective Science Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Nature of science (NOS) is beginning to find its place in the science education in China. In a study which investigated Chinese science teacher educators' conceptions of teaching NOS to prospective science teachers through semi-structured interviews, five key dimensions emerged from the data. This paper focuses on the dimension, "NOS content to be…

Wan, Zhi Hong; Wong, Siu Ling; Zhan, Ying

2013-01-01

155

Emergent Relativity  

CERN Multimedia

A possible resolution of the incompatibility of quantum mechanics and general relativity is that the relativity principle is emergent. I show that the central paradox of black holes also occurs at a liquid-vapor critical surface of a bose condensate but is resolved there by the phenomenon of quantum criticality. I propose that real black holes are actually phase boundaries of the vacuum analogous to this, and that the Einstein field equations simply fail at the event horizon the way quantum hydrodynamics fails at a critical surface. This can occur without violating classical general relativity anywhere experimentally accessible to external observers. Since the low-energy effects that occur at critical points are universal, it is possible to make concrete experimental predictions about such surfaces without knowing much, if anything about the true underlying equations. Many of these predictions are different from accepted views about black holes - in particular the absence of Hawking radiation and the possible...

Laughlin, R B

2003-01-01

156

Teacher led school-based surveillance can allow accurate tracking of emerging infectious diseases - evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys of febrile respiratory illness during the H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic in Singapore  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Schools are important foci of influenza transmission and potential targets for surveillance and interventions. We compared several school-based influenza monitoring systems with clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance, and assessed the variation in illness rates between and within schools. Methods During the initial wave of pandemic H1N1 (pdmH1N1) infections from June to Sept 2009 in Singapore, we collected data on nation-wide laboratory confirmed cases (Sch-LCC) and daily temperature monitoring (Sch-DTM), and teacher-led febrile respiratory illness reporting in 6 sentinel schools (Sch-FRI). Comparisons were made against age-stratified clinic-based influenza-like illness (ILI) data from 23 primary care clinics (GP-ILI) and proportions of ILI testing positive for pdmH1N1 (Lab-ILI) by computing the fraction of cumulative incidence occurring by epidemiological week 30 (when GP-ILI incidence peaked); and cumulative incidence rates between school-based indicators and sero-epidemiological pdmH1N1 incidence (estimated from changes in prevalence of A/California/7/2009 H1N1 hemagglutination inhibition titers ? 40 between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic sera). Variation in Sch-FRI rates in the 6 schools was also investigated through a Bayesian hierarchical model. Results By week 30, for primary and secondary school children respectively, 63% and 79% of incidence for Sch-LCC had occurred, compared with 50% and 52% for GP-ILI data, and 48% and 53% for Sch-FRI. There were 1,187 notified cases and 7,588 episodes in the Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM systems; given school enrollment of 485,723 children, this represented 0.24 cases and 1.6 episodes per 100 children respectively. Mean Sch-FRI rate was 28.8 per 100 children (95% CI: 27.7 to 29.9) in the 6 schools. We estimate from serology that 41.8% (95% CI: 30.2% to 55.9%) of primary and 43.2% (95% CI: 28.2% to 60.8%) of secondary school-aged children were infected. Sch-FRI rates were similar across the 6 schools (23 to 34 episodes per 100 children), but there was widespread variation by classrooms; in the hierarchical model, omitting age and school effects was inconsequential but neglecting classroom level effects led to highly significant reductions in goodness of fit. Conclusions Epidemic curves from Sch-FRI were comparable to GP-ILI data, and Sch-FRI detected substantially more infections than Sch-LCC and Sch-DTM. Variability in classroom attack rates suggests localized class-room transmission.

Soh Shu E; Cook Alex R; Chen Mark IC; Lee Vernon J; Cutter Jeffery L; Chow Vincent TK; Tee Nancy WS; Lin Raymond TP; Lim Wei-Yen; Barr Ian G; Lin Cui; Phoon Meng; Ang Li; Sethi Sunil K; Chong Chia; Goh Lee; Goh Denise LM; Tambyah Paul A; Thoon Koh; Leo Yee; Saw Seang

2012-01-01

157

Reaching the teachers  

CERN Document Server

The fourth edition of CERN's High School Teachers programme welcomed 38 teachers to the Laboratory this July. For three weeks the teachers were immersed in the life of CERN, giving them a unique experience to take back to their classrooms.   Participants and organisers of the HST 2001 programme. The pupils of the teachers who attended the High School Teachers (HST) programme at CERN will notice a difference when they meet their teachers at the beginning of next term. They'll see a new-found enthusiasm in their eyes, and this will be thanks to the three weeks they spent at the Laboratory attending the summer students' lectures and working with other teachers from around the world. 'This experience fires you up again!,' explains Wim Peeters, a Belgian teacher at CERN for the second time. For many teachers of physics, university is a long time ago. Physics research has moved on, and there are many new things to learn. That's why CERN has the HST, so that teachers can mix with university students in ...

2001-01-01

158

Emergency contraception.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI). From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (LNG), known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of UPSI, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, LNG alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2?×?0.75?mg 12 hours apart) showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5?mg LNG pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception (EC) are available on the market today with the most widely spread being LNG in a single dose of 1.5?mg (given as one tablet of 1.5?mg or 2 tablets of 0.75?mg each) for administration up to 3 days (according to WHO up to 5 days) after UPSI. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it is only approved for up to 72 hours after UPSI. This regimen has no effect on the endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation, is not abortive and don't harm the fetus if accidentally taken in early pregnancy. It has no impact on the rate of ectopic pregnancies. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for EC, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that EC is considered an off label use for most IUDs (not for the GynFix copper IUD in the European Union) and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Furthermore IUD-insertion is an invasive procedure and it is required trained providers and sterilized facilities. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25?mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after UPSI, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. While high doses of mifepristone has an effect on endometrial receptivity and will inhibit ovulation if given in the follicular phase and prevent implantation if given in the early luteal phase, low doses such as 10?mg has no impact on the endometrium. Mifepristone does not increase the rate of ectopic pregnancies. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate (UPA) in the dosage of 30?mg for EC up to 5 days after UPSI, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose LNG pill with an even higher efficacy. It has shown to be more efficacious than LNG and can be used for up to 120 hours after UPSI; the difference in efficacy is highest for 0-24 hours, followed by 0-72 hours following UPSI. No VTE has been reported following UPA-administration or any progesterone receptor modulator. No effect on endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation has been observed with doses used for EC. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation. A pre-existing pregnancy must be excluded. Possible contraindications and drug interactions must be considered according to the individual special product informations.

Gemzell-Danielsson K; Rabe T; Cheng L

2013-03-01

159

Emergency contraception.  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been numerous attempts to control fertility after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI). From very bizarre methods like the vaginal application of Coca Cola to the more serious attempts using calcium antagonists influencing fertility parameters in sperm to hormonal methods or intrauterine devices. So far, hormonal methods preventing or delaying ovulation have proved to be the most popular starting with the combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (LNG), known as the Yuzpe regimen. The first dose had to be taken within 72 hours of UPSI, a second one 12 hours later. Later on, LNG alone, at first in a regimen similar to the Yuzpe method (2?×?0.75?mg 12 hours apart) showed to be more successful, eventually resulting in the development of a 1.5?mg LNG pill that combined good efficacy with a high ease of use. Several efficacious and easy to use methods for emergency contraception (EC) are available on the market today with the most widely spread being LNG in a single dose of 1.5?mg (given as one tablet of 1.5?mg or 2 tablets of 0.75?mg each) for administration up to 3 days (according to WHO up to 5 days) after UPSI. Its limitations are the non-optimal efficacy which is decreasing the later the drug is taken and the fact that it is only approved for up to 72 hours after UPSI. This regimen has no effect on the endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation, is not abortive and don't harm the fetus if accidentally taken in early pregnancy. It has no impact on the rate of ectopic pregnancies. It has become the standard method used up to this day in most countries. Since the mid 1970s copper IUDs have been used for EC, which show a high efficacy. Their disadvantages lie in the fact that EC is considered an off label use for most IUDs (not for the GynFix copper IUD in the European Union) and that they might not be acceptable for every patient. Furthermore IUD-insertion is an invasive procedure and it is required trained providers and sterilized facilities. Mifepristone in the dosages of 10 or 25?mg is used with good results as an emergency contraceptive in China for up to 120 hours after UPSI, but has never received any significant consideration in Western countries. While high doses of mifepristone has an effect on endometrial receptivity and will inhibit ovulation if given in the follicular phase and prevent implantation if given in the early luteal phase, low doses such as 10?mg has no impact on the endometrium. Mifepristone does not increase the rate of ectopic pregnancies. The most recent development is the approval of the selective progesterone receptor modulator ulipristal acetate (UPA) in the dosage of 30?mg for EC up to 5 days after UPSI, combining the safe and easy application of the single dose LNG pill with an even higher efficacy. It has shown to be more efficacious than LNG and can be used for up to 120 hours after UPSI; the difference in efficacy is highest for 0-24 hours, followed by 0-72 hours following UPSI. No VTE has been reported following UPA-administration or any progesterone receptor modulator. No effect on endometrium, corpus luteum function and implantation has been observed with doses used for EC. Independent of the substance it should be noted that, if there is a choice, the intake of an oral emergency contraceptive pill should happen as soon as possible after the risk situation. A pre-existing pregnancy must be excluded. Possible contraindications and drug interactions must be considered according to the individual special product informations. PMID:23437846

Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; Rabe, Thomas; Cheng, Linan

2013-03-01

160

Elementary School Teachers' Manipulative Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Using data from 503 inservice elementary teachers, this study investigated the relationship between teachers' background characteristics, teachers' beliefs about manipulatives, and the frequency with which teachers use manipulatives as part of their mathematics instruction. Findings from the study show that teachers' grade level and beliefs about…

Uribe-Florez, Lida J.; Wilkins, Jesse L. M.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge of Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the nature of preservice secondary mathematics teachers’ knowledge of students as emerged from a study investigating the development of their pedagogical content knowledge in a methods course and its associated field experience. Six preservice teachers participated in the study and the data were collected in the forms of observations, interviews and written documents. Knowledge of students is defined as teachers’ knowledge of what mathematical concepts are difficult for students to grasp, which concepts students typically have misconceptions about, possible sources of students’ errors, and how to eliminate those difficulties and misconceptions. The findings revealed that preservice teachers had difficulty in both identifying the source of students’ misconceptions, and errors and generating effective ways different than telling the rules or procedures to eliminate such misconceptions. Furthermore, preservice teachers’ knowledge of students was intertwined with their knowledge of subject matter and knowledge of pedagogy. They neither had strong conceptual knowledge of mathematics nor rich repertoire of teaching strategies. Therefore, they frequently failed to recognize what conceptual knowledge the students were lacking and inclined to address students’ errors by telling how to carry out the procedure or apply the rule to solve the given problem correctly.

Hülya K?l?ç

2011-01-01

162

Violence in public school: reports of teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To assess the perception of violence from the reports of teachers of elementary and high school in a public state school in Fortaleza, Ceará. Method: A qualitative descriptive study conducted with 26 teachers, in the period from January to May 2006. To collect the data we adopted the following procedures: the discussion on school violence during the meetings of the teacher training week; the reading of the school regulations and the distribution of an instrument with the guiding question about the concept of violence as from the school reality, among the participants of the study. Afterwards, the thematic analysis of the reports was carried out. Results: Through the reports of teachers emerged the following categories: physical aggression, verbal aggression and fights as the most cited; to hide personal belongings, cursing, shoving and disrespect for the teacher and pranks were also mentioned. Conclusion: From the reports it appears that violence is perceived in physical, dimension moral and symbolic, and these “typologies” corroborate the descriptions found in literature as bullying or incivility, which dominate the school context.

Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira; Carlos Alberto Pereira de Abreu; Maria Teresa Moreno Valdês; Eliany Nazaré de Oliveira; Renata Carneiro Ferreira; Ana Maria Fontenelle Catrib

2010-01-01

163

Emerging anticoagulants.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Warfarin, heparin and their derivatives have been the traditional anticoagulants used for prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism. While the modern clinician is familiar with the efficacy and pharmacokinetics of these agents, their adverse effects have provided the impetus for the development of newer anticoagulants with improved safety, ease of administration, more predictable pharmacodynamics and comparable efficacy. Research into haemostasis and the coagulation cascade has made the development of these newer anticoagulants possible. These drugs include the factor Xa inhibitors and IIa (thrombin) inhibitors. Direct and indirect factor Xa inhibitors are being developed with a relative rapid onset of action and stable pharmacokinetic profiles negating the need for close monitoring; this potentially makes them a more attractive option than heparin or warfarin. Examples of direct factor Xa inhibitors include apixaban, rivaroxaban, otamixaban, betrixaban and edoxaban. Examples of indirect factor Xa inhibitors include fondaparinux, idraparinux and idrabiotaparinux. Direct thrombin inhibitors (factor IIa inhibitors) were developed with the limitations of standard heparin and warfarin in mind. Examples include recombinant hirudin (lepirudin), bivalirudin, ximelagatran, argatroban, and dabigatran etexilate. This review will discuss emerging novel anticoagulants and their use for the prophylaxis and management of venous thromboembolism, for stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and for coronary artery disease.

Kennedy B; Gargoum FS; Kennedy L; Khan F; Curran DR; O'Connor TM

2012-01-01

164

Human Rights Education Standards for Teachers and Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article proposes a set of human rights education standards for classroom teachers and, by implication, outcomes for teacher preparation programs. The discussion includes a brief description of human rights education and concludes with recommendations for teacher preparation programs.|

Jennings, Todd

2006-01-01

165

Teachers and Bullying Developing a Deeper Understanding of Teachers' Perceptions of Teacher-to-Student Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

Students report that teachers bully them, but a review of the literature indicates that little attention has been given to teacher-to-student bullying. This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate elementary teachers' perceptions of seriousness and their intent to intervene in teacher bullying incidents. Results indicated that teachers

Zerillo, Christine

2010-01-01

166

TRANSFORMACIÓN DE LAS REPRESENTACIONES Y EMERGENCIA DE LA IDENTIDAD PROFESIONAL DURANTE LA FORMACIÓN INICIAL DE LOS DOCENTES DE EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA: UN ESTUDIO EN LA ZONA DE NANTES – FRANCIA (TRANSFORMATION OF REPRESENTATIONS AND EMERGENCY OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY DURING INITIAL FORMATION AND TRAINING OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS: A STUDY IN THE AREA OF NANTES – FRANCE)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: En Francia, la formación de los docentes de EF se efectúa durante dos años en el Instituto Universitario de Formación de Maestros (IUFM), una vez se ha obtenido en la Universidad la licenciatura en Ciencias de la Educación Física y del Deporte (STAPS). El estudio analiza las características de los estudiantes que se orientan hacia la docencia, así como la evolución de las representaciones que van construyendo en el proceso de profesionalización. Contrastando las diferencias entre los ideales profesionales y la realidad de las prácticas, se pone de manifiesto lo que esperan los futuros docentes, en función de su recorrido inicial y de su motivación hacia la enseñanza. Si bien la emergencia de una identidad profesional aparece en el estudio, los resultados subrayan también la evolución de las tensiones y las dificultades de un acompañamiento pertinente y adaptado a la complejidad del proceso de profesionalización. Los datos en los que se basa este escrito proceden fundamentalmente de cuestionarios y entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas en dos momentos de un estudio longitudinal más amplio de un grupo de estudiantes de la Licenciatura STAPSy, años más tarde, del IUFM. Abstract: The formation and training of PE teachers in France is carried out during two years at the IUFM (University Institute for the Formation of Schoolteachers –'Maestros'). Previously, candidates have obtained the degree on STAPS (PE and Sport Sciences). In this context, this paper analyzes the profile of teaching orientated students and the changes of representations that are shaped within the professionalization process. Contrasting the differences between professional ideals with real practices, variations of future teachers expectations are considered in relation to their socialization process. Although the study shows the emergency of a professional identity, the results also underline the evolution of the tensions and the difficulties for a pertinent tutorial monitoring, adapted to the complexity of the professionalization process. The paper is mainly based on data obtained by questionnaires and semi-structured interviews carried out in two stages of a wider longitudinal study with students of the degree STAPS and, some years later, of the IUFM.

Thérèse Perez-Roux

2009-01-01

167

Educadoras, lectoras y socias: La irrupción de las mujeres en un espacio de sociabilidad masculino. La Sociedad Sarmiento de Tucumán (Argentina) entre 1882 y 1902/ Teachers, Readers and Partners: The Emergence of Women in a Sphere of Male Sociability. The Sarmiento Society of Tucumán (Argentina) between 1882 and 1902  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En 1882 se creó en San Miguel de Tucumán un espacio de sociabilidad que reunía a alumnos, egresados y maestros de dos instituciones educativas implantadas en la provincia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en el marco del despliegue del naciente Estado central, la Escuela Normal y el Colegio Nacional. Se trata de la Sociedad Sarmiento que se constituyó en un ámbito literario que permitía a sus miembros una suerte de continuidad de sus estudios ante la ausencia d (more) e una universidad. La Sociedad llevó a cabo importantes emprendimientos, entre los que destacan la creación de una biblioteca y la edición de dos publicaciones periódicas, El Porvenir y El Tucumán Literario. A partir de estos proyectos se fue moldeando una experiencia de sociabilidad masculina, con una fuerte impronta liberal, que se desarrolló en constante tensión con las posibilidades de incluir en el proyecto a las recién llegadas al mundo de la educación, de la literatura y de la lectura: las mujeres. La preocupación central del artículo es examinar las vías a través de las cuales estas se incorporaron a ese espacio y asumieron el desafío de comenzar a expresarse con su propia voz. Abstract in english In 1882, a sphere of sociability was created in San Miguel de Tucumán that brought together students, graduates and teachers from two educational institutes established in the province during the second half of the 19th century within the framework of the emergence of the nascent central state, the Teachers' College and the National College. Known as the Sarmiento Society, it constituted a literary sphere that enabled its members to achieve a sort of continuity in their (more) studies in the absence of a university. The Society embarked on various major endeavors, including the creation of a library and the edition of two periodic publications, El Porvenir and El Tucumán Literario. These projects shaped an experience of male sociability, with a strong liberal imprint, that developed in constant tensión with the project of including the latest arrivals in the world of education, literature and reading, women. The central concern of the article is to examine the ways through which women were incorporated into this space ancl took up the challenge of beginning to express themselves in their own way.

Vignoli, Marcela

2011-08-01

168

Innovations in Science and Technology Education through Science Teacher Associations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One emerging issue highlighted in a UNESCO booklet (Fensham, 2008, p6)is to draw attention to the need for students to receive science education from able science teachers. The booklet emphasizes that quality science learning time, albeit less, is preferable to the damage done by underequipped science teachers. It also draws attention to the important role of science teacher associations, where its members not only have the insights and experience, but also the interest in helping science teacher colleagues. This paper highlights the various contributions possible from Science Teacher Associations (STAs) to the development and delivery of innovative science and technology education in a world that is increasinglydriven by the outputs of science and technology. It stresses the key role of such professional bodies in developing teacher ownership, the sharing of experience at a collaborative level and to be guided to take active responsibility for the interpretations of the intended Government curriculum so as to provide innovative science education best suited to students within their school. Any shift away from ‘teaching the textbook information’,‘teaching to the examination’ and towards ‘assessment for learning’(formative assessment) will be heavily enhanced by the setting up ofmultiple professional fora for enhancing the development of teacher’s PCK(pedagogical content knowledge).

Ben B. Akpan

2010-01-01

169

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

Science.gov (United States)

|Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

170

What We Should Teach Deaf Children: Deaf Teachers' Folk Models in Britain, the USA and Mexico  

Science.gov (United States)

Deaf teachers around the world have folk models and beliefs that reflect their understanding of what deaf children need to learn in order to develop healthy identities as deaf people. In this research we report what teachers from England, the USA and Mexico have told us about using creative signing with deaf children. Themes emerging from our data…

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Ramsey, Claire

2010-01-01

171

The Moral Universe of Mr Chips: Veteran Teachers in British Literature and Drama  

Science.gov (United States)

The dominant cultural image of veteran teachers is conveyed in the fictional life story of Mr Chipping of Brookfield School as conveyed in James Hilton's short novel "Goodbye, Mr Chips." This reflects emerging ideals and practices of teacher professionalism in England from the 1920s onwards in terms of its emphasis on autonomy and individuality,…

McCulloch, Gary

2009-01-01

172

Policy Implications of Teacher Perspectives on Early Intervention for Substance Misuse  

Science.gov (United States)

Aims: Schools have emerged as a key site for prevention and early intervention strategies for antisocial behaviour. This paper examines teacher perspectives of the scope within their day-to-day practice for the implementation of monitoring and management of student risk status for substance misuse. Methods: Teacher perspectives of early…

Deed, Craig

2007-01-01

173

Seeking Better Lives by Becoming Teachers in Rural South Georgia: Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

For four years the Investigator studied students in South Georgia attempting to become teachers. Three themes emerged impacting study subjects most. They are location, teacher education program, and the economy. South Georgia is one of the poorest rural regions in the United States. People are often place-bound and they endure chronic…

Moffett, David W.

2011-01-01

174

The Curricular Importance of Mathematics: A Comparison of English and Hungarian Teachers' Espoused Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports an interview study of 45 English and 10 Hungarian teachers of mathematics. The semi-structured interviews focused on the teachers' professional life-histories and invited them to discuss their beliefs about the necessary subject content for the teaching and learning of mathematics. Substantial differences emerged between the two…

Andrews, Paul

2007-01-01

175

A Comparison of Hungarian and English Teachers' Conceptions of Mathematics and Its Teaching.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on a statistical study of English and Hungarian teachers' conceptions of mathematics and its teaching. Distributed questionnaires to 200 English and 40 Hungarian mathematics teachers. Significant similarities emerged with both countries sharing, with similar strengths, a general conception of mathematics teaching that incorporates the…

Andrews, Paul; Hatch, Gillian

2000-01-01

176

"I Need Instant Help": Assessing the Mentoring Needs of New Primary Head Teachers in Slovenia  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a peer mentoring program for new elementary school head teachers in Slovenia. First, the results of a preliminary needs assessment are reported, and the dissonance between new head teacher expectations and the realities of their work are described. We then present an overview of the two cross-cutting themes that emerged,…

Goddard, J. Tim; Erculj, Justina; Tranavcevic, Anita

2004-01-01

177

Exploring the Support Role of Special Education Teachers after Hurricane Ike: Children with Significant Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the role of special education teachers of children with significant disabilities during Hurricane Ike. Grounded theory methods were used to analyze interview data of the teachers (n = 4) who were employed in school districts directly affected by the hurricane. The five categories that emerged from the data were "losses for…

McAdams Ducy, Elizabeth; Stough, Laura M.

2011-01-01

178

Exploring Teachers' Views on Learning and Teaching in the Context of a Trans-Disciplinary Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal case study of a single school examines changes in the educational beliefs of 10 elementary-school teachers who experienced a constructivist-based trans-disciplinary curriculum (CTC). After 3 years of experiencing a CTC, which emerges through theme-oriented and project-based learning, teachers' educational beliefs had changed to…

Levin, Tamar; Nevo, Yael

2009-01-01

179

Teacher Autonomy Perceptions of Iranian and Turkish EFL Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aimed at examining Iranian (N= 218) and Turkish (N=142) high school EFL teachers’ opinions about teacher autonomy over (a) the choice of appropriate teaching methods, strategies and techniques and implementation of the established curriculum (b) teacher involvement in decision making processes and (c) teachers’ use of personal initiative in solving their work problems. An 11-item questionnaire (?= .758) was used to measure autonomy perceptions of the participants. The results revealed that Turkish teachers’ autonomy perceptions were greater than that of Iranian teachers in the three teacher autonomy dimensions. Moreover, it was observed that male and master- holder teachers perceive less autonomy than female and bachelor-holder ones; whereas, no significant relationship were observed for the age and marital status variables with any teacher autonomy dimensions. Lastly, decision making dimension was the strongest predictor of teacher autonomy among both Iranian and Turkish teachers.

Ebrahim KHEZERLOU

2013-01-01

180

Alchemy and the Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In order for teachers to reflect deeply upon themselves, they need powerful models and images to guide their introspection. In teacher reflectivity, as in the therapeutic processes, psychic energy must ultimately be "contained" by models and modalities that enable one to make sense out of one's inner and outer experiences. This enables those…

Mayes, Clifford

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Conceptualizing Teacher Professional Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article adopts a complexity theory framework to review the literature on teachers' professional development practices, the generative systems of these practices, and the impact that learning experiences have on their knowledge and changes in classroom practices. The review brings together multiple strands of literature on teacher

Opfer, V. Darleen; Pedder, David

2011-01-01

182

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

|During the past 14 years, the elementary rural teacher training program at Brigham Young University (BYU), Utah, has successfully provided an 8-week student teaching experience which has assisted more than 250 prospective teachers in comparing their lifestyle and interests with those of rural America. Student participants are required to live…

Campbell, Milo K.

183

The Liberal Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Identifies qualities of an ideal liberal teacher, including capability of giving a liberal education, living well, exhibiting orderly habits, possessing humane values, and believing in the power of the mind. Difficulties in becoming a good teacher are discussed. Available from: College of Education, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011.…

Highet, Gilbert

1976-01-01

184

Why Teachers Burn Out.  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey involving 1,211 teachers from 2 independent school districts in western Canada addressed teacher burnout issues. Findings of this qualitative/quantitative study indicate that experiences other than prolonged work stress may lead to burnout. These other factors include depersonalization and status dissatisfaction. (TJH)

Friesen, David; And Others

1988-01-01

185

The teacher under stress  

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Full Text Available Empirical records consistently point to the fact that the phenomenon of stress is characteristic of service professions, especially of teacher’s. Although stress in teachers is a problem of public interest, it is still a relatively new field of empirical investigations. Data available show that stress in teachers can have negative effects on school as an organization teacher professional achievement, his/her and his/her family psychosocial status. The most frequent symptoms of a prolonged professional stress are anxiety, depression, frustration, unfriendly behavior towards students and colleagues, emotional weariness, and extreme tension. Health and psychological problems cause, most frequently, the reduction of self-esteem job dissatisfaction, job resignation, absenteeism, and wrong decision-making. In an attempt to call professional public attention to negative effects of stress on the outcomes of teacher work, we have analyzed four important aspects of stress teachers experience in their everyday work (a) definition and measurement of stress, (b) distribution and sources of stress (problem behaviors in students, poor working conditions, lack of time, poor school ethos), (c) teacher personality traits (sex, age, work experience, locus of control, job satisfaction, intention to resign absenteeism), (d) strategies for overcoming and reducing negative effects of stress (direct action techniques, palliative techniques).

Krnjaji? Stevan B.

2003-01-01

186

Physics Teacher Resource Agents  

Science.gov (United States)

Many physics departments do some sort of professional development for area teachers, often summer workshops or summer courses. A program that is of high quality, already developed and perfect for teachers is already available, AAPT's PTRA. State MSP funding requires careful evaluation, and the PTRA program is already set up to do this sort of evaluation, both of teacher and student learning gains, as well as teacher confidence and use of technology. The professional growth of teachers involved in the program is amazing, and it is much easier to host PTRA workshops than try to develop something at your own institution from scratch. Assistance was even made available from AAPT/PTRA in preparing a proposal for the state. Some of our experiences in hosting PTRA workshops and pursuing state funding will be shared.

Stewart, Gay

2009-03-20

187

Effective Teacher’s Attitudes According to Teacher’s Perceptions  

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Full Text Available Aim of this research is to determine the qualifications which an effective teacher should have and to designate these qualifications according to their importance in the light of teachers? perception.Teachers working in K?r?ehir city center have been the environment for this research.A specific sample hasn?t been choosen because all the environment has been reached.The questionnaire which has been made by the researcher has been used in order to collect data and these data have been analysed by using techniques of frequency and percentage and then interpreted in schedules.At the end of the research,effective teacher attitudes in the light of their perceptions have been classified as „?personality??, „?professional sufficiency??, „?behaviour to students??, „?branch knowledge?? and determined order of their importance.According to the teachers in this working group, preference orders of effective theacher qualifications have not changed in terms of their branches.

Ayfer ?AH?N

2011-01-01

188

Teacher Perceptions and Teacher-Student Interaction in Integrated Classrooms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher ratings of students' potential achievement, classroom behavior, personal characteristics, and teacher-student dyadic interaction measures were obtained to examine the nature of teacher perceptions and interaction with Black and White, male and female students in integrated classrooms. Results show teachers perceived Black and White…

Cornbleth, Catherine; Korth, Willard

1980-01-01

189

Teachers in Teacher Education: Clinical Faculty Roles and Relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

The roles and relationships of clinical faculty (experienced teachers who work with students in teacher education) in university teacher-education programs are examined to see how they might contribute to improvement of teacher education and what obstacles may exist. Implications for education reform are discussed. (SLD)

Cornbleth, Catherine; Ellsworth, Jeanne

1994-01-01

190

Teachers' Organisations and Their Role in Teachers Welfare  

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Full Text Available The paper is aimed at to acquaint regarding teachers organizations and their role inteacher welfare. Teachers' organization has to play decisive role in back drop of therecent educational reforms. The role of teachers' organizations in fosteringprofessionalism and initiating teachers into social action can hardly is overemphasizedgiven the key position that the teacher holds in a society. The obligations whichconstitute the academic ethics are not the same as a comprehensive code of conduct foruniversity teachers in all spheres of life. A working of the teachers' organizations in Indiareveals that they have addressed themselves to fulfilling union-type functions.

Bijendr Pradhan

2012-01-01

191

Wireless Emergency Alerts  

Science.gov (United States)

1. Why are Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) important to me? Alerts received at the right time can help keep you safe during an ... to a service. 2. What are WEA messages? Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) are emergency messages sent by ...

192

Emergency Nurses Association  

Science.gov (United States)

ENA - Emergency Nurses Association - Safe Practice, Safe Care Sign In Help Find us on Facebook Add us on Google+ Join our ... Quality Health Professionals Act 10-08-13 Emergency Nurses Honored with Emergency Nurses Week? 10-04-13 ...

193

Book Review: Teachers taking action  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Teachers Taking Action: A Comprehensive Guide to Teacher Research, editors Cynthia Lassonde and Susan Israel provide readers with a text that offers advice to teacher researchers on topics ranging from understanding what it means to conduct teacher research to developing a study and then getting that study published.

Bob Fecho

2009-01-01

194

In the Company of Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Being in the company of teachers is at the heart of the Coalition. The center of Ted Sizer's work, of his life, of CES, is the life of the teacher. "Horace's Compromise," the first of Sizer's well known series about teachers and school change, imparted a sympathetic portrait of Horace Smith, a teacher trying to make a difference in a system…

Wood, George

2009-01-01

195

Teacher as Decision-Maker.  

Science.gov (United States)

The teacher as decisionmaker is a fairly new concept, and yet the choices teachers make--among alternative approaches--afffect the attitudes, knowledge, and skills students carry into adult life. This booklet's chapter titles are as follows: (1) New Image for Teachers--Decision-Maker; (2) Decisions Teachers Make; (3) A Rational Model; (4) Planning…

Smith, Carl B.

196

More than "Just" a Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

|Most teachers often pass themselves off as "just" teachers, when in truth they are so much more. Teacher, adviser, consultant, confidante, manager, leader, partner, collaborator, role model, councillor, researcher, learner, friend. Of course, in the 21st-century education system teachers are expected to carry out roles well beyond "just"…

Bianchi, Lynne

2011-01-01

197

Primary Teacher Education in Malaysia  

Science.gov (United States)

In Malaysia the training of primary school teachers is solely carried out by teacher training institutes which offer the Bachelor of Teaching with Honors (Primary education) program and was first launched in 2007. This program prepares primary school teachers specializing in various subjects or major and is carried out in 27 teacher training…

Ching, Chin Phoi; Yee, Chin Peng

2012-01-01

198

Development environmental attitude of prospective science teachers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the last three decades or so, we have witnessed the growing concern of human beings, all over the world, to adopt measures to conserve and preserve environment of the planet earth, because the same has been threatened by human activity and by way of our unparalleled intervention in the otherwise balanced environment. This awareness and concern has emerged as a need of incorporating environmental Issues into the normal curricula, so that we can educate the young generation to become informed decision-makers of the future. UNESCO and UNEP have advocated (since the last three decades) to teach environmentalised science to students. In Pakistan, there have been attempts to change curricula in accordance with the need of the time. Teachers need new kinds of skills, attitudes and commitment to teach science in an environmentalised fashion. This article discusses the impact of a semester-course on change in environmental attitudes of prospective science-teachers. A pre-test, post-test method was used to ascertain any change in environmental attitude of prospective science-teachers, after studying the environmental education course. It has been shown that there was a change in the environmental attitude of science-teachers as a result of the one-semester course, but the change or the level of attitude was not substantial or satisfactory. There seems to be a need of adopting a comprehensive approach to environmental education, and introducing teaching of environmental concepts at a very early age. (author)

2000-01-01

199

The Nature of Recognition in TEFL Teachers’ Lives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article aims at sharing a vital issue that emerged from the findings of a qualitative research study into collective responses of teachers of English as a foreign language to an extended change process in their Mexican university context from 1989 to 2003. The data generation process e...

Scholes Gillings de González Barbara

200

Teaching Grammar and Writing: A Beginning Teacher's Dilemma  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal case study follows one high school English teacher's path of concept development over a two-year period encompassing her student teaching and first year of full-time teaching, both at the same rural school in the southeastern United States. The authors use a sociocultural theoretical framework emerging from the work of Vygotsky…

Smagorinsky, Peter; Wilson, Amy Alexandra; Moore, Cynthia

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

[Perceptions about continuous training of Chilean health care teachers].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Background: Continuous training of teachers, in discipline and pedagogical topics, is a key step to improve the quality of educational processes. Aim: To report the perception of Chilean teachers of undergraduate health care programs, about continuous training activities. Material and Methods: Twenty teachers working at different undergraduate health care programs in Chile were interviewed. Maximum variation and theoretical sampling methods were used to select the sample. Data was analyzed by open coding, according to the Grounded Theory guidelines. Results: Nine categories emerged from data analysis: Access to continuous training, meaning of training in discipline, activities of continuous training in discipline, meaning of continuous training in pedagogy, kinds of continuous training in pedagogy, quality of continuous training in pedagogy, ideal of continuous training in pedagogy, outcomes of continuous training in pedagogy and needs for continuous training in pedagogy. Conclusions: Teachers of health care programs prefer to participate in contextualized training activities. Also, they emphasize their need of training in evaluation and teaching strategies.

Pérez V C; Fasce H E; Coloma N K; Vaccarezza G G; Ortega B J

2013-06-01

202

Developing teachers' social and emotional competence: a humanistic psychology perspective  

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Full Text Available The social and emotional competences of teachers have a notable influence on the type of teaching that is carried out and on the type of relationships that are built in the classroom. Training teachers in personal aspects is a current urging need. Since the end of the last century there have a great deal of enriching research, courses and publications on teachers' emotional and social intelligence. From the point of view of training, this article presents some limitations of certain emerging proposals. Next, an alternative is proposed, based on the principles of humanistic psychology and promoting the development of five attitudes directly related to the teacher's emotional and social competence: phenomenological disposition, autonomy, responsibility, criteria independence and cooperative disposition. Finally, some the possible shortcomings and negative aspects of the proposed model are discussed, highlighting the need to further investigate the efficiency and relevance of training proposals such as the one presented here in order to increase their social impact.

Pablo Palomero Fernández

2009-01-01

203

A extensão média do enunciado (EME) como medida do desenvolvimento de linguagem de crianças com síndrome de Down Mean length utterance (MLU) as a measure of language development of children with Down syndrome  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a extensão média de enunciados em morfemas (EME-m) e palavras (EME-p) produzida por crianças com síndrome de Down (SD) e verificar a eficácia da utilização da EME-p como medida do desenvolvimento linguístico geral de crianças com SD. MÉTODOS: Participaram 15 crianças com SD, com idades entre cinco e 12 anos, que foram submetidas à situação de interação livre. As crianças foram divididas em três grupos, com base na idade cronológica e mental, a partir da aplicação do Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. Os 100 primeiros enunciados foram analisados quanto a: número de morfemas gramaticais para artigos, substantivos e verbos (MG-1) e pronomes, preposições e conjunções (MG-2); extensão média dos enunciados considerando-se morfemas (EME-m) e palavras (EME-p). RESULTADOS: A comparação intergrupos mostrou que quanto maior a idade, mais altas foram as médias obtidas, havendo diferença para todas as variáveis, com exceção de MG-2. Os mesmos resultados foram obtidos na comparação intragrupo para todas as variáveis. Houve forte correlação entre EME-m e EME-p. CONCLUSÃO: A EME-p pode ser utilizada como medida de identificação de desenvolvimento linguístico geral. No entanto, ressalta-se que a utilização de todas as variáveis relacionadas à extensão média de enunciados fornece maior eficiência na identificação do desenvolvimento linguístico e na análise de suas alterações.PURPOSE: To characterize the mean length utterance in morphemes (MLU-m) and words (MLU-w) produced by children with Down syndrome (DS), and to verify the effectiveness of using EME-w as a measure of general language development of children with DS. METHODS: Participants were 15 children with ages between 5 and 12 years, who were submitted to a free interaction situation. They were divided into three groups, according to chronological and mental age, as established by the results of the Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. The first 100 utterances were analyzed considering: number of grammatical morphemes (GM) for articles, nouns and verbs (GM-1), and pronouns, prepositions and conjunctions (GM-2); mean length utterance for morphemes (MLU-m) and words (MLU-w). RESULTS: The between-groups comparison showed that the MLU averages were higher for older groups, and differences were found for all variables, except for GM-2. The same results were obtained in the within-group comparison, for all variables. There was a strong correlation between MLU-m and MLU-w. CONCLUSION: MLU-w can be used as an identification measure of general linguistic development. However, it is emphasized that the use of all MLU variables provides more efficacy in the characterization of linguistic development and the analysis of language impairments.

Suelen Fernanda Marques; Suelly Cecilia Olivan Limongi

2011-01-01

204

Nigerian Teachers’ Integration of Personal Response System into ESL Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the last two decades, there has been the global clamour for the integration of emerging technologies into school curriculum; hence researchers and educators have had increased focus on technology integration in schools in order to have a shift of paradigm from the teacher-centred to student-centred classroom instruction. This study examined the predictive power of teachers’ perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU), behavioural intention (BI) to use Personal Response System (PRS) and computer experience (CE) on teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS in improving communicative competence in the classroom where English is taught as a second language (ESL). Seventeen (17) teachers constituted the sample for the study. A self-report questionnaire and a semi-structured interview-guide were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics such as simple percentage, mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple regression were used for data analysis at 0.05 significance level. Results indicated that teachers were generally positively disposed to integrating PRS in ESL classrooms. Moreover, teachers’ disposition was not significantly dictated by gender. Except for CE, constructs like PU, PEU and BI showed significant positive correlation with attitude to PRS. The results of regression analysis indicated that the set of variables combined to predict teachers’ acceptance and attitude towards using PRS. Relatively, PU was the potent predictor of the dependent variable.

Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe Agbatogun

2011-01-01

205

Coming to Know in the "Eye of the Storm": A Beginning Teacher's Introduction to Different Versions of Teacher Community  

Science.gov (United States)

Through the metaphor, "learning to teach in the 'eye of the storm'", a beginning teacher's experiences of teaching in one of America's diverse urban campuses become known. Three themes of global significance emerge: (1) the similarities and differences between professional learning communities and knowledge communities; (2) the morphing of "the…

Craig, Cheryl J.

2013-01-01

206

Teachers’ Narratives indicate Professional Stamina  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The neoliberal restructuring of the welfare state has changed the conditions for teacher practice. Teachers’ narratives have been collected in the western part of Denmark. They give insight in teacher practice and how teachers’ conditions for working have changed. 3 themes are discussed to illustrate this development: 1) individualisation, 2) operating economy and 3) loss of authority. The teachers’ main focus is the benefit of the children even though this means they have to manipulate the demands issued on them.

Daugbjerg, Peer SchrØder

207

Monterey Bay Aquarium Teachers & Kids  

Science.gov (United States)

Education page with resources for teachers and students. Teacher's Place has teacher professional development opportunities such as Wetlands Teacher Institute and Teacher Open House, a quarterly electronic educator newsletter, and hands-on elementary level classroom activities. Subjects include: kelp forests, sea otters, sharks, tide pools, and penguins. Kid's Corner has games and activities, aquarium career information, summer programs, web cams, and animal field guides.

208

Student Teacher Input and Teacher Work Sample as Part of a Teacher Education Unit Accountability System.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents findings of surveys completed by student teachers on their ability to prepare a teacher work sample, discussing potential program improvements arising from survey responses related to planning, assessment, and student learning, which are components of a teacher work sample, also sharing student teachers' perceptions of their…

Keese, Nancy; Brown, Tammie

209

Helen Bonny as Teacher, Mentor and Supervisor  

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Full Text Available Six individuals who trained with Helen Bonny over the years were asked to reflect on their perceptions of her as as a teacher, a mentor and a supervisor. The experience of these individuals spans the time period of Helen's training, from her first training sessions to her retirement from training. At the Bonny Foundation, they took a three level training; Helen Lindquist Bonny was Director of the Bonny Foundation; Lisa Summer was Director of the GIM Training; Frances Goldberg was Primary Trainer. We asked each person to address several topics specifically, with some general reflections and memories which the author synthesized into an overview.  What has emerged from the memories of the seven people contributing to this reflection is a picture of a multifaceted person and her style of teaching, including three outstanding characteristics of Helen. Their valuable insights were in relation to Helen in three roles: teacher in the training seminars, individual supervisor and individual mentor.

Roberta Wigle Justice

2010-01-01

210

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decisi (more) on-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Swanepoel, Cassie

2008-02-01

211

The perceptions of teachers and school principals of each other's disposition towards teacher involvement in school reform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to educational reform. Although school-based management has recently emerged as the instrument to accomplish the decentralisation of decision-making powers to school level, the success thereof depends largely on school principals' disposition regarding teacher involvement. It is argued that the expectation of principals regarding their own leadership role, as well as the professional role teachers should fulfil, is a primary determinant of principals' willingness to involve teachers in responsibility-taking processes outside the classroom. The results from an empirical investigation revealed that principals' perception, of the wishes of teachers regarding involvement, significantly underestimated teachers' actual involvement wishes. Likewise, the expectation of teachers regarding the willingness of principals to involve them was a significant underestimation of the involvement level principals are actually in favour of. These misperceptions probably discourage actual school-based management and could jeopardize the implementation of educational reform in general.

Cassie Swanepoel

2008-01-01

212

Reducing Teacher Isolation  

Science.gov (United States)

This workshop presentation from the 2006 PTEC Conference covers issues of mentoring new physics teachers. Mentee needs, strategies for successful mentoring programs, and examples are included in the discussion.

Freeland, Dale; Olsen, Julia

2006-10-02

213

TSC Information for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

... the development of the child’s Individual Education Plan (IEP), parents, teachers, and other professionals will determine the ... with Disabilities Education Act 2004 What is an IEP (Individualized Education Program)? Transitioning from School to Community ...

214

TeacherTECH  

Science.gov (United States)

TeacherTECH is the teacher-training component of GirlTECH, a program of Center for Excellence and Equity in Education (CEEE) at Rice University. The project focuses on providing technology training and exploring "innovative teaching strategies that impact equity in the classroom." TeacherTECH offers lesson plans designed by teachers in a way that is intended to "take full advantage of Internet resources and to teach mathematics and science concepts in new and exciting ways." From this website, visitors can select lessons by the year they were developed (going back to 1995) or search on a particular topic or string of words. The lesson ideas are described along with links to additional resources. The lesson descriptions include related graphs, data tables, as well as suggested ways to extend the activity or integrate technology.

215

Motivation innovation future teacher  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article is devoted to the study of motivation innovation of future teachers. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Philology and the Faculty of Physical Education and Safety CSPU. We used data from a survey 247 students of 4–5 courses, the aim of which was to study the motives that impel prospective teachers to engage in innovative activities.

Vera Elagina; Elena Nemydraya

2013-01-01

216

Lava Layering: Teacher Page  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the Teacher Page of an activity that teaches students about the stratigraphy of lava flows produced by multiple eruptions. This page has background information on lava flows (with an emphasis on the Moon), recipes for the play dough required for the activity, and questions for the teacher to ask. The procedures for this activity can be found on the Student Page. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

217

Wind Energy Teachers Guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This guide, created by the American Wind Association, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, is a learning tool about wind energy targeted toward grades K-12. The guide provides teacher information, ideas for sparking children's and students' interest, suggestions for activities to undertake in and outside the classroom, and research tools for both teachers and students. Also included is an additional resources section.

anon.

2003-01-01

218

The Effectiveness of "Teach for America" and Other Under-certified Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The academic achievements of students taught by under-certified primary school teachers were compared to the academic achievements of students taught by regularly certified primary school teachers.  This sample of under-certified teachers included three types of under-qualified personnel: emergency, temporary and provisionally certified teachers.  One subset of these under-certified teachers was from the national program "Teach For America (TFA)."  Recent college graduates are placed by TFA where other under-qualified under-certified teachers are often called upon to work, namely, low-income urban and rural school districts. Certified teachers in this study were from accredited universities and all met state requirements for receiving the regular initial certificate to teach.  Recently hired under-certified and certified teachers (N=293) from five low-income school districts were matched on a number of variables, resulting in 109 pairs of teachers whose students all took the mandated state achievement test. Results indicate 1) that students of TFA teachers did not perform significantly different from students of other under-certified teachers, and 2) that students of certified teachers out-performed students of teachers who were under-certified.  This was true on all three subtests of the SAT 9—reading, mathematics and language arts.  Effect sizes favoring the students of certified teachers were substantial.  In reading, mathematics, and language, the students of certified teachers outperformed students of under-certified teachers, including the students of the TFA teachers, by about 2 months on a grade equivalent scale.  Students of under-certified teachers make about 20% less academic growth per year than do students of teachers with regular certification.  Traditional programs of teacher preparation apparently result in positive effects on the academic achievement of low-income primary school children.  Present policies allowing under-certified teachers, including those from the TFA program, to work with our most difficult to teach children appear harmful.  Such policies increase differences in achievement between the performance of poor children, often immigrant and minority children, and those children who are more advantaged.

Ildiko Laczko-Kerr; David C. Berliner

2002-01-01

219

Reading strategy instruction and teacher change: implications for teacher training  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I report on teacher change in the context of a reading strategy instruction intervention. Reading Strategy Instruction (RSI) was implemented by three teachers, new to the concept, over a period of 15 weeks. Observations of these teachers showed that a multitude of factors affect the uptake of RSI as part of everyday teaching practice, and that teachers seem to move through distinct phases in their uptake of RSI. The article focuses on teachers' reaction to RSI and highlights a number of issues that are important to the implementation of RSI, not the least of which is that a clear need exists for changes to in-service teacher training and support and pre-service teacher training. In an effort to address these training issues the article contains specific recommendations for pre-service teacher training in particular.

Nanda M Klapwijk

2012-01-01

220

Reading strategy instruction and teacher change: implications for teacher training  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english I report on teacher change in the context of a reading strategy instruction intervention. Reading Strategy Instruction (RSI) was implemented by three teachers, new to the concept, over a period of 15 weeks. Observations of these teachers showed that a multitude of factors affect the uptake of RSI as part of everyday teaching practice, and that teachers seem to move through distinct phases in their uptake of RSI. The article focuses on teachers' reaction to RSI and highlig (more) hts a number of issues that are important to the implementation of RSI, not the least of which is that a clear need exists for changes to in-service teacher training and support and pre-service teacher training. In an effort to address these training issues the article contains specific recommendations for pre-service teacher training in particular.

Klapwijk, Nanda M

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

The Emergence of Student Creativity in Classroom Settings: A Case Study of Elementary Schools in Korea  

Science.gov (United States)

|This research explores the emergence of student creativity in classroom settings, specifically within two content areas: science and social studies. Fourteen classrooms in three elementary schools in Korea were observed, and the teachers and students were interviewed. The three types of student creativity emerging in the teaching and learning…

Cho, Younsoon; Chung, Hye Young; Choi, Kyoulee; Seo, Choyoung; Baek, Eunjoo

2013-01-01

222

Restructuring Teachers' Work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite repeated attempts to reform schools, teachers' work has remained surprisingly stable. The purpose of this study was to investigate implementation of a state-funded restructuring initiative that intended broad changes in teachers' professional roles. Sponsors of the founding legislation reasoned that changes in teachers' roles would contribute to higher student achievement. This study examined the question of whether and how this program of comprehensive whole-school change promoted changes in teachers' roles in school governance, collegial relations, and the classroom. Further, the study traced the relationship of these changes to one another, and weighed the likelihood that they had the capacity to affect core educational practices. Theoretically, this study is situated in the available literature on teachers' collegial relations; participation in shared decision making; and classroom roles, relationships and practice. Three elementary schools served as the sites for intensive qualitative data collection completed over a two-year period. The schools differed in geographic location (two urban, one rural), but all enrolled a racially, ethnically and linguistically diverse population of students, and more than half of the students in each school qualified for free or reduced price lunch. The study resulted in multiple types and sources of data on teachers' professional roles, including: observations in classrooms, collegial interactions, and governance situations; interviews with teachers (including teacher leaders), parents, administrators, and students; and documents pertaining to the restructuring plans and process. Findings show that changes in the three areas were achieved unevenly in the three schools. All three schools introduced changes in classroom practice and roles, ranging from the adoption of multi-age classrooms to more modest innovations in curriculum or instruction. In only one case were changes in professional roles outside the classroom organized to support and sustain classroom changes. Two of the three schools introduced changes in staff organization (teacher teams) and leadership (governance committees), but under-estimated the professional development and other supports that would in turn support changes in classroom practice. Altogether, it appears unlikely that the observed changes in professional roles were sufficiently well established and connected to affect core educational practice in the long run.

Lisa Kirtman

2002-01-01

223

An Examination of Early Childhood Teacher Education in Four West African Nations: Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper examines opportunities and challenges in early childhood teacher education in Ghana, Mali, Senegal, and the Gambia. It reviews socioeconomic and political issues, current and emerging policies for early childhood and primary education, teacher preparation strategies, and examples of successful programs. Information was collected during…

Pagano, Alicia I.

224

THE STAGES AND CONTENT OF THE CREATIVE COMPETENCE MONITORING OF A FUTURE TEACHER IN THE SCIENTIFIC CO-CREATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the stages and content of the monitoring of the creative competence of a future teacher in the scientific co-creation, which included diagnostics, assessment and forecasting of the pedagogical process. The author gives the definition of the term «creative competence of a future teacher» and leads diagnostic instruments for each component of the emerging competence.

Shumovskaya Alfiya Gamirovna

2013-01-01

225

A Grounded Theory of Behavior Management Strategy Selection, Implementation, and Perceived Effectiveness Reported by First-Year Elementary Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this grounded theory study, 19 teachers were interviewed and then, in constant comparative fashion, the interview data were analyzed. The theoretical model that emerged from the data describes novice teachers' tendencies to select and implement differing strategies related to the severity of student behavior. When confronting mild student…

Smart, Julie B.; Igo, L. Brent

2010-01-01

226

Healthy lifestyle in teachers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The role of individual healthy behaviors like physical activity, nutrition and stress management on reduction of rate of disease mortality and morbidity is well known. The aim of this study is to determine healthy life style in teachers employed in district No.4 in Isfahan, Iran, in 2010. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants of this cross-sectional study were 96 teachers in district No. 4, selected via random sampling method. The data collection was performed using a questionnaire including demographic healthy lifestyle questions. Analysis of the data was performed through Software SPSS version 18. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 40.26 ± 6.05 years and, BMI mean was 25.08 ± 3.20. 96.8% of them were married and 3.1% also were single. 1% of the teachers had a weak lifestyle, 13.5%had moderate, 85.4% had a good lifestyle. In terms of nutrition, 2% of the teachers had a weak lifestyle, 23% moderate, 74% good. 76% in terms of physical activity, 29.2% smoking and 21.9% stress had a weak lifestyle. CONCLUSION: According to the results, planning for teachers in school for receiving information about healthy lifestyle is important.

Pirzadeh A; Sharifirad G; Kamran A

2012-01-01

227

Recognising and Developing Urban Teachers: Chartered London Teacher Status  

Science.gov (United States)

Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…

Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne

2008-01-01

228

Teacher Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Education Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

|The demands on teachers both in and out of classrooms combined with increased budget cuts have led many to question the levels of job satisfaction and burnout among agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence of burnout and the level at which burnout exists among agricultural education teachers in…

Chenevey, Jamie L.; Ewing, John C.; Whittington, M. Susie

2008-01-01

229

Narrative Construction of Professional Teacher Identity of Teachers with Dyslexia  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper considers the development of teachers' professional identity in the context of educators that have diverse backgrounds. We elucidate how teachers with dyslexia working in tertiary education use narrative resources to construct and negotiate their professional teacher identities. The analysis of narrative interviews, interpreted within…

Burns, Eila; Bell, Sheena

2011-01-01

230

Teacher Beliefs and Teacher Behaviour in Portfolio Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study concerns the relation between teachers' beliefs towards teaching behaviour and their actual teaching behaviour in teacher portfolio assessment. We analysed the beliefs and behaviour of 18 teachers as described in their portfolios. In addition, each portfolio was independently assessed by two trained raters on eight content standards…

van der Schaaf, Marieke F.; Stokking, Karel M.; Verloop, Nico

2008-01-01

231

Teacher Induction: Implications for Physical Education Teacher Development and Retention  

Science.gov (United States)

Data show that 46% of all teachers in public schools will leave the profession within their first 5 years of teaching (Ingersoll, 2003). These data refer to teachers from all disciplines including physical education. To address these problems school districts have developed teacher induction programs that show promising results. Our literature…

Banville, Dominique; Rikard, G. Linda

2009-01-01

232

Preservice Teachers: Teacher Preparation, Multicultural Curriculum and Culturally Relevant Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is part of a larger study that uses mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative methods) to investigate preservice teachers' knowledge and understanding of multiculturalism and to prepare preservice teachers to work in diverse classrooms. The results indicate two findings: 1) that preservice teachers come from homogeneous backgrounds;…

Hopkins-Gillispie, Delphina

2009-01-01

233

ChemTeacher: Composition Stoichiometry  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Composition Stoichiometry page includes resources for teaching students about composition stoichiometry.

2011-01-01

234

ChemTeacher: Atomic Radius  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Atomic Radius page includes resources for teaching students about trends in atomic radius.

2011-01-01

235

ChemTeacher: Charles' Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Charles' Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Charles' Law.

2011-01-01

236

ChemTeacher: Dalton's Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Dalton's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Dalton's Law.

2011-01-01

237

ChemTeacher: Avogadro's Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Avogadro's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Avogadro's Law.

2011-01-01

238

ChemTeacher: Boyle's Law  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Boyle's Law page includes resources for teaching students about the history and applications of Boyle's Law.

2011-01-01

239

Teachers View on Social and Emotional Aspect of Pedagogical Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: Bologna process challenges European higher education area by comparability and compatibility of several issues including educators? professional competence. However, through their educational philosophy and activity educators have discovered and shaped their own sense and meaning of pedagogical competence. During the time when teacher professional standard has been reexamined nationally, teachers? voice in Latvia is still poorly considered. Therefore, this article aims to provide a balance between two directions-?from-above? that implies policy and legislation and ?from-below? that stands for practitioners? own voice. Approach: This study is an attempt to enter into professional world of elementary school teachers and to describe how they interpret meaning of their pedagogical competence embodied in educational activity. Thus, this basic interpretive study reflects characteristics of phenomenology and constructionism. The data are collected through semi-structured interviews. The sample (n = 14) is created by snowball approach and includes teachers who represent different length of service, main ethnic backgrounds and geographical parts of Latvia. The data analysis implies identification of recurrent themes that emerge through the data. Results: As a result, the study provides a description of developed themes that illustrate elementary school teachers? understanding of social and emotional aspect of pedagogical competence. Conclusion: The developed themes are discussed in the context of Bologna initiatives in higher education, holistic understanding of pedagogical competence and sustainable development of teacher education.

Inga Belousa; Skaidrite Uzulina

2012-01-01

240

ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS TOOTH AVULSION AMONG SPORTS TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Tooth avulsion is one of the commonest types of physical sport injury. Themanagement of these cases is critical in order to prevent complete loss of tooth and its subsequentconsequences. The prognosis of such avulsed tooth depends on prompt treatment. The emergencymanagement of such avulsed tooth is made by the sports teacher who is present at the sports ground. Thefirst–aid knowledge about tooth avulsion is must for the sports teacher. Aim: The objective of the presentstudy was to evaluate the knowledge about management of tooth avulsion among sports teachers inAhmednagar District. Methods: A sample of 60 sports teachers were interviewed from different schools.The data was collected using a self administered questionnaire containing seven items which wasdistributed among the sports teacher from different schools. Results: we found that 90% of the sportsteachers were not having the first-aid knowledge about the emergency management of avulsed tooth andthe benefit of timely care. This demands an effort to properly educate sports teachers about first-aidmanagement and consequently change their attitude towards dental trauma.

FAREEDI MUKRAM ALI; PRIYAYANKA BHUSHAN; MOHD INAYATULLAH KHAN; FARHEEN USTAD

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Teachers' Domain: Breathing Blue  

Science.gov (United States)

This 3-minute video demonstrates chemical reaction as a presenter exhales into "bromothymol blue", a chemical indicator for acids and bases. His breath releases carbon dioxide, which acidifies the solution and changes it from a bright blue color to yellow-green. Resource also includes teacher's guide and assessment. Editor's Note: In a chemical reaction, properties of the original substances change as new substances with different properties are formed. The molecular structure of the substances is altered irreversibly. This video is part of "Lessons in Matter and Energy" by WOSU Public Media. See related materials for a link to the full collection, also available for iTunes viewing. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-06-23

242

Teachers: The vision supported  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A support system is necessary to implement the vision of standards-based science education. The National Science Resources Center has studied isolated areas where innovations have succeeded and finds that the successful enterprises have these elements in common: 1. The availability of high-quality, inquiry-centered science curriculum units that are appropriate for children; 2. Teacher education programs to prepare and support elementary teachers to teach hands-on, inquiry-centered science; 3. Support systems for supplying science materials and equipment to teachers; 4. Assessment methods for evaluating student performance that are consistent with the goals of an effective science program; and, 5. Administrative and community support for an effective science program.

Tuomi, J.

1994-12-31

243

Teacher's creative competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article's aim is to study what 180 Polish teachers understand by creativity and how they put it into practice. The Creative competency of teachers was evaluated, using 6 variables: 1) understanding of teaching as a creative action; 2) knowledge of opportunities and secure limits in implementing creative changes; 3) ability to create and change elements of classroom work; 4) understanding of educational entities and having the ability to act in order to increase the autonomy of such entities; 5) critical thinking; 6) ability to research their own practice. To do so both a semi-structured interview and direct observation in their classroom were utilized. Results point out the need to foster teachers' innovative and creative capabilities.

Anna Babicka; Przemys?aw Dudek; Ma?gorzata Makiewicz; El?bieta Perzycka

2010-01-01

244

Emergency Management of Diverticulitis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The most common indications for emergency operative intervention in the treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis are peritonitis and failure of medical therapy. Primary resection and diversion (Hartmann's procedure) followed by delayed colostomy closure is the current standard of emergency surgical care....

Bauer, Valerie P.

245

Tube Feeding Emergency Kit  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tube Feeding Emergency Kit Imagine having fifteen minutes to evacuate before a natural disaster strikes. Or imagine rushing ... of a local community hospital completely unfamiliar with tube-feeding. Having an emergency kit full of tube- ...

246

Professional development for science teachers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Next Generation Science Standards will require large-scale professional development (PD) for all science teachers. Existing research on effective teacher PD suggests factors that are associated with substantial changes in teacher knowledge and practice, as well as students' science achievement. But the complexity of the U.S. educational system continues to thwart the search for a straightforward answer to the question of how to support teachers. Interventions that take a systemic approach to reform hold promise for improving PD effectiveness.

Wilson SM

2013-04-01

247

The Development of Interdisciplinary Teaching Approaches among Pre-service Science and Mathematics Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study sought to understand how a group of pre-service teachers in a combined secondary science and mathematics teaching methods course conceptualized and experienced interdisciplinary approaches to teaching. Although knowing how to plan interdisciplinary activities is an essential teaching practice in Quebec, these pre-service teachers faced many challenges during the process of learning to teach with this approach. By using two interdisciplinary frameworks (Nikitina, 2005; Boix Mansilla & Duraising, 2007), I qualitatively analyzed the development of the pre-service teachers' prior and emerging ideas about interdisciplinarity and their ability to plan interdisciplinary teaching activities. The provincial curriculum and issues related to time greatly shaped students' conceptions about interdisciplinarity in the classroom and constrained their ability to plan for and envision the enactment of interdisciplinary lessons in secondary science and mathematics classes. In addition, images of themselves as content-specialists, self-efficacy beliefs in relation to interdisciplinary teaching, and student learning as a source of teacher motivation emerged as key factors promoting or interrupting the development of interdisciplinary teaching approaches. Examination of these factors highlights the need for teacher-education programs to provide opportunities for pre-service teachers to explore how they see themselves as educators, increase their instructional self-efficacy beliefs, and motivate them to teach in an interdisciplinary fashion. Keywords: interdisciplinary teaching, student-teachers, curriculum, teacher-education program, self-efficacy, motivation.

Miranda Martins, Dominique

248

The Use of Visual-based Simulated Environments in Teacher Preparation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While virtual technology for training in the simulation field has a long history in medicine, aviation, and the military, the application of similar emerging and innovative technologies in teacher preparation and education has been limited. TLE TeachLive™ (Teaching Learning Environment, Teaching in a Virtual Environment) [TLE] is an inventive mixed-reality environment (the blending of real and synthetic content) where prospective teachers can interact with a group of virtual students. The purpose of the virtual teaching environment of TLE is to strengthen teacher recruitment, preparation, and retention in education by allowing teachers to improve their skills with virtual students, providing a more constructive and ethical approach to learning the art of teaching. The protected environment allows pre-service teachers to utilize their emergent knowledge of behavior, diversity, and effective instruction in a flexible and safe practice environment. In this simulated environment, permission does not have to be gained to work with actual children and they are not exposed to missteps on the part of novice teachers as the teachers learn to refine their instructional techniques. This study investigated pre-service teachers’ use of differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior, a set of behavior management strategies, in a simulated classroom. Results indicated that the majority of participants evidenced an increase in the use of these strategies to enhance student engagement in the classroom.

Sharon Judge; Jonna Bobzien; Ann Maydosz; Sabra Gear; Petros Katsioloudis

2013-01-01

249

TEACHER OF ENGLISH NEEDED  

CERN Multimedia

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before 8 July. English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire.

2002-01-01

250

Teacher of primary English  

CERN Document Server

Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2003 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply see http://enpferney.org/staff_vacancies.htm English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire (http://enpferney.org/)

2003-01-01

251

The Math teachers know  

CERN Multimedia

What sorts of mathematics competencies must teachers have in order to teach the discipline well? This book offers a novel take on the question. Most research is focused on explicit knowledge-that is, on the sorts of insights that might be specified, catalogued, taught, and tested. In contrast, this book focuses on the tacit dimensions of teachers' mathematics knowledge that precede and enable their competencies with formal mathematics. It highlights the complexity of this knowledge and offers strategies to uncover it, analyze it, and re-synthesize it in ways that will make it more available

Davis, Brent

2013-01-01

252

Teachers' Domain: The Atom  

Science.gov (United States)

This Flash interactive activity explores atomic structure at a pace that middle school students can easily understand. It contains 26 animated pages that depict the atomic nucleus and the three primary subatomic particles: electrons, protons, and neutrons. It was designed to give learners a taste of the particles' properties, such as charge and mass, without introducing advanced terminology. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-07-24

253

Teachers' Domain: Heat Transfer  

Science.gov (United States)

This item is an interactive Flash animation for Grades 5-8 on the topic of heat. Users explore methods of heat transfer and classify examples from everyday life. Three methods of heat transfer are depicted: conduction, convection, and radiation. Teachers' Domain is an NSF-funded pathway of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL). It is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2008-10-21

254

Harwell emergency handbook  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Harwell Laboratory Emergency Handbook 1987 contains emergency procedures to deal with any incident which might occur at AERE Harwell involving radioactive or toxic material releases. The Handbook gives details of the duties of members of the Site Emergency Organization and other key members of staff, the methods by which incidents are controlled, the communication links and liaison arrangements with other organizations and the possible consequences and actions that may be needed following an emergency. (UK).

1986-01-01

255

Information Literacy for Future Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to evaluate primary teacher education programs in Croatia. Prior to evaluation of the primary teacher education programs, expected primary teacher education competencies were defined. The expected teacher competencies were determined according to the goals stated in the Croatian national curriculum. In addition, international guidelines for information literacy development among primary education teachers were used. An extensive literature review on information literacy curriculum in teacher education higher education was conducted as a part of this study. The evaluation of primary teacher education programs is conducted according to the content analysis methodology. Since current primary teacher education programs do not state learning outcomes, future teacher competences are evaluated according to the state course goals. The content analysis indicates that the majority of the current primary teacher education programs include goals that could be linked to information literacy standards. Future teachers are most frequently taught how to evaluate information, but lack instruction on fair use of information. The discussion includes recommendations to raise information literacy among teacher educators and to align course syllabi with the common theoretical frameworks.

Ivana Batarelo Koki?

2012-01-01

256

Difficulties of Alternatively Certified Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This daily diary study followed, over a 2-week period, 252 beginning New York City public school teachers. Seventy percent were alternatively certified (New York City Teaching Fellows) and the rest, traditionally certified teachers. Alternatively certified teachers were more likely to experience stressors such as violent incidents and classroom…

Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Feinman, Samantha J.

2012-01-01

257

Becoming a Teacher of Mathematics  

Science.gov (United States)

For many years I have engaged future mathematics teachers in activities that focus on emotional dimensions of their learning. Even those teachers who were able to reconstruct themselves as learners of mathematics had difficulties with changing their practice. Through a series of autobiographical stories, I examine my own experiences as a teacher

Pereira, Peter

2005-01-01

258

Becoming-Teachers: Desiring Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This article proposes a reading of the lives of teachers through a Deleuzian-Guattarian materialistic approach. By asking the question "what kind of life do teachers live?" this article reminds us that teachers sometimes welcome the imposed policies, procedures and programmes, the consequences of which remove them from students. This desire is…

Mercieca, Duncan

2012-01-01

259

Teacher Retention: An Appreciative Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Nationally, the problem of teacher retention compounds the unstable nature of the educational situation, especially in urban, high-needs schools. Much of the instability of urban schools is due to teacher movement, the migration of teachers from school to another school within or between school districts, particularly from high-needs schools.…

Pesavento-Conway, Jennifer Jean

2010-01-01

260

Teachers-Problems-Teachers' Problems: What is Considered as a Problem, among the Main Teacher Activities, by Hungarian Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is about a research focusing on recent problems of Hungarian teachers. The aim of the study is to reveal the real troubles of Hungarian pedagogues, on the basis of their answers to a questionnaire, the nature of these problems and how they affect the role of the teacher. Supposedly, the nucleus of the problems of the teachers is…

Mrazik, Julianna

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Teacher Flexibility in Mathematical Discussion  

Science.gov (United States)

The significance of discussion in mathematics classes has been prominently debated in the research literature. Different studies have stressed the importance of teacher flexibility in orchestrating the discussion. We introduce an operational definition of teacher flexibility. In a case study with one secondary-school mathematics teacher, we…

Leikin, Roza; Dinur, Sariga

2007-01-01

262

Military Deployments: Evaluating Teacher Knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

This mixed method study examined the possible influence of a military deployment online tutorial on teacher knowledge. DoDEA and public school teachers were the two groups used for the study. From this exploratory study, the researcher also wanted to explore if teachers would find professional development provided in an online tutorial relevant…

Thomas, Richard M.

2011-01-01

263

Emergent gravity in graphene  

CERN Document Server

We reconsider monolayer graphene in the presence of elastic deformations. It is described by the tight - binding model with varying hopping parameters. We demonstrate, that the fermionic quasiparticles propagate in the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and in the presence of the emergent U(1) gauge field. Both emergent geometry and the gauge field are defined by the elastic deformation of graphene.

Zubkov, M A

2013-01-01

264

Reflexões sobre as vozes contribuintes para a constituição da subjetividade profissional do docente alfabetizador/ Reflections about the voices contributing to the constitution of the literacy teacher's professional subjectivity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A angústia com relação ao processo de alfabetização é uma constante entre alfabetizadores, seja porque várias teorias de ensino e aprendizagem da língua materna são veiculadas pelo discurso acadêmico e bibliográfico, seja porque as políticas educacionais as adotam. Neste artigo, objetiva-se abordar, por meio de enunciados de professores alfabetizadores, quais as diferentes vozes que os constituíram profissionalmente, determinando o que se configura como base (more) teórica em suas práticas pedagógicas. A coleta de dados se realizou por meio de filmagens das atividades desenvolvidas em um curso de extensão, as quais, depois de editadas, foram analisadas com base nos pressupostos bakhtinianos de linguagem e dialogia. Os enunciados docentes revelam suas crenças e incertezas sobre os métodos de alfabetizar, apropriados de maneira fragmentada e superficial. É na compreensão de uma concepção de linguagem como interlocução, focalizando sujeito e história, que o professor alfabetizador poderá superar modismos e se fortalecer enquanto responsável pelo ensino crítico da leitura e da escrita escolarizada. Abstract in english The anxiety about the literacy process is constant among literacy educators, either because the various theories come through the academic and bibliographic discourse, or because the educational policies adopt them. This article aims at discussing, through the utterances of literacy teachers, which voices are contributing to their professional subjectivity, determining what makes up the theoretical basis of their pedagogical practice. Data collection was performed by film (more) ing the activities carried out in an extension course, edited and then analyzed based on Bakhtinian concepts of language and dialogism. The utterances reveal their teaching beliefs and uncertainties about the appropriate literacy methods, learned in a fragmented and superficial way. It is through the process of understanding a language concept as interlocution, focusing on the subject and his/her history, that the literacy teacher may surpass fads and strengthens himself/herself as the individual responsible for the critical appropriation of reading and writing as taught in school.

Szymanski, Maria Lidia Sica; Brotto, Ivete Janice de Oliveira

2013-06-01

265

Emerging and Re-emerging Swine Viruses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the past two decades or so, a number of viruses have emerged in the global swine population. Some, such as porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), cause economically important diseases in pigs, whereas others such as porcine torque teno virus (TTV), now known as Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV), porcine bocavirus (PBoV) and related novel parvoviruses, porcine kobuvirus, porcine toroviruses (PToV) and porcine lymphotropic herpesviruses (PLHV), are mostly subclinical in swine herds. Although some emerging swine viruses such as swine hepatitis E virus (swine HEV), porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) and porcine sapovirus (porcine SaV) may have a limited clinical implication in swine health, they do pose a potential public health concern in humans due to zoonotic (swine HEV) or potential zoonotic (porcine SaV) and xenozoonotic (PERV, PLHV) risks. Other emerging viruses such as Nipah virus, Bungowannah virus and Menangle virus not only cause diseases in pigs but some also pose important zoonotic threat to humans. This article focuses on emerging and re-emerging swine viruses that have a limited or uncertain clinical and economic impact on pig health. The transmission, epidemiology and pathogenic potential of these viruses are discussed. In addition, the two economically important emerging viruses, PRRSV and PCV2, are also briefly discussed to identify important knowledge gaps.

Meng XJ

2012-01-01

266

Emerging and Re-emerging Swine Viruses.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the past two decades or so, a number of viruses have emerged in the global swine population. Some, such as porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), cause economically important diseases in pigs, whereas others such as porcine torque teno virus (TTV), now known as Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV), porcine bocavirus (PBoV) and related novel parvoviruses, porcine kobuvirus, porcine toroviruses (PToV) and porcine lymphotropic herpesviruses (PLHV), are mostly subclinical in swine herds. Although some emerging swine viruses such as swine hepatitis E virus (swine HEV), porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) and porcine sapovirus (porcine SaV) may have a limited clinical implication in swine health, they do pose a potential public health concern in humans due to zoonotic (swine HEV) or potential zoonotic (porcine SaV) and xenozoonotic (PERV, PLHV) risks. Other emerging viruses such as Nipah virus, Bungowannah virus and Menangle virus not only cause diseases in pigs but some also pose important zoonotic threat to humans. This article focuses on emerging and re-emerging swine viruses that have a limited or uncertain clinical and economic impact on pig health. The transmission, epidemiology and pathogenic potential of these viruses are discussed. In addition, the two economically important emerging viruses, PRRSV and PCV2, are also briefly discussed to identify important knowledge gaps. PMID:22225855

Meng, X J

2012-01-01

267

Influences of Teacher Preparation Program on Preservice Science Teachers’ Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher preparation program is routinely make decisions regarding the best pedagogical methods from field experience studies, it can alter students’ understandings about academic content and some characteristics through professional practices. This study tries to investigate the extent to which individuals learning to be teachers feel what preservice teachers are capable of performing the pedagogical practices. Sixty seven preservice science teachers were described the influences of teacher preparation. Results indicated that preservice teachers enrolled in professional experiences courses perceived themselves as less capable of performing persuasive pedagogical practices than more generally accepted practices. In addition, preservice teachers perceived they were more capable of altering students’ knowledge about content than at modifying their beliefs about content. Implications for research and practice are forwarded.

Prasart Nuangchalerm; Veena Prachagool

2010-01-01

268

On College English Teacher’s Training and Creativity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the interpretations of the term “teacher”, as well as the implications for course content and design, and for the formal qualifications that might be thought appropriate for a “teacher”. It also discusses some problems existing in college English teachers themselves in China, and then calls for the urgent need for teacher training. The teacher plays a very important role in ELT (English Language Teaching) and ELL (English Language Learning). Therefore, if we want to apply creativity teaching in ELT, the first and most important thing to do is arouse the teachers’ creativity. The teachers themselves should try to improve their quality and use some teaching strategies to better their teaching effect and should also have creative mind to arrange active tasks and activities to arouse students’ interests and to cultivate their creativity.

Shuying An

2011-01-01

269

Medical emergencies in Goa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Most emergencies in Goa arise due to road traffic accidents and drowning, which have been compounded by the rise in number of recorded accidents in 2007 to be above 4000. It is believed that 11 people meet with an accident on Goa?s roads every day and this is expected to rise by 10% by next year. Similar is the case with drownings and other medical emergencies. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional survey of medical emergencies and identify various types of emergencies presenting to emergency departments. Materials and Methods: Using a stratified random sampling design, all emergencies presenting to the three government hospitals in Goa, which handle 90% of all emergencies currently, were studied on specially designed data sheets in order to collect data. Emergency medical technicians (ETs) were placed in the Casualty Ward of the medical colleges and they recorded all emergencies on the data sheet. The collected data were then analyzed for stratification and mapping of emergencies. Results: GMC Hospital attended to majority of emergencies (62%), which were mainly of the nature of accidents or assaults (17%) and fever related (17%). Most emergencies were noncritical and about 1% expired. Maximum emergencies also presented from Salcette and Bardez, and occurred among young males in the age group of 19-45 years. Males were also more prone to accidents while females had pregnancies as emergencies. Conclusion: Potential emergency services need to target young males with higher concentrations required in Salcette in South Goa and Bardez in North Goa.

Saddichha Sahoo; Saxena Mukul

2010-01-01

270

Emergency medicine in Slovenia--emergency center, prehospital emergency medicine and academic emergency medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public health service is organized in such a manner so as to ensure all the inhabitants of the Republic of Slovenia the emergency medical assistance available at all times, including emergency transport and provision of emergency medicinal products as soon as possible and as close to the date of their manufacture as possible and during transport. Emergency medical assistance means the implementation of necessary measures by doctors and their teams with persons whose life is imminently threatened due to illness or injury and persons, respectively, who could be affected by such a risk in a short period of time according to the symptoms. Emergency calls are received and processed by the emergency medical assistance service which forms an integral part of the public health service network. Emergency patients with life-threatening trauma or disease are treated by prehospital emergency physicians at the scene and during transport. Emergency patients are guaranteed to be reached by an appropriate emergency vehicle and a respective crew within 10 minutes in 80% of the responses and within 15 minutes in 95% of cases. In Slovenia was established 30 years ago the so-called Franco-German system, with a highly developed pre-hospital emergency physician service and interdisciplinary hospital-based emergency medicine on different departments (trauma center, department for internal intensiv medicine, department of ananstesiology, department for neurology and pediatrics department (1). This gap is now closing fast because of the rapid advancement of hospital-based emergency medicine in Slovenia. In-hospital emergency medicine has been reorganized in many hospitals during the last few years. Economic and quality arguments have initiated the development of departments for emergency medicine in Slovenia. In the future, this will lead to new qualification criteria for physicians working in these departments. Four specific recommendations for development and organizations emergency medicine are required: the recognition as a specialty, the specialist training programme, the professional organization of emergency physicians and the presence of academic emergency centres (2). Slovenia is one of the 11 European countries who recognize hospital-based emergency medicine as a specialty (3, 4). This is 5-year specialty training (based on European curriculum) and the curriculum follows a symptom-oriented approach to emergency medicine, and includes a skilled description of the key competencies of the future trained emergency physicians (4). Slovenia has very well organised prehospital on-physician based emergency service and new qualification criteria for those physicians in emergency departments, therefore, need to be developed with primary education trainers for emergency medicine. In the model of integration of prehospital and hospital emergency medicine in academic emergency centers, emergency physicians work equal in ED and in the field on the method of rotation without changes of actual prehospital on-physicians based EMS.The integrative model have one in-door for emergency patients, mobility ofprehospital emergency physicians, a nurse-driven triage system and support of primary care physicians as gatekeepers. PMID:23120863

Grmec, Stefek; Mally, Stefan

2009-01-01

271

Emergency medicine in Slovenia--emergency center, prehospital emergency medicine and academic emergency medicine.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Public health service is organized in such a manner so as to ensure all the inhabitants of the Republic of Slovenia the emergency medical assistance available at all times, including emergency transport and provision of emergency medicinal products as soon as possible and as close to the date of their manufacture as possible and during transport. Emergency medical assistance means the implementation of necessary measures by doctors and their teams with persons whose life is imminently threatened due to illness or injury and persons, respectively, who could be affected by such a risk in a short period of time according to the symptoms. Emergency calls are received and processed by the emergency medical assistance service which forms an integral part of the public health service network. Emergency patients with life-threatening trauma or disease are treated by prehospital emergency physicians at the scene and during transport. Emergency patients are guaranteed to be reached by an appropriate emergency vehicle and a respective crew within 10 minutes in 80% of the responses and within 15 minutes in 95% of cases. In Slovenia was established 30 years ago the so-called Franco-German system, with a highly developed pre-hospital emergency physician service and interdisciplinary hospital-based emergency medicine on different departments (trauma center, department for internal intensiv medicine, department of ananstesiology, department for neurology and pediatrics department (1). This gap is now closing fast because of the rapid advancement of hospital-based emergency medicine in Slovenia. In-hospital emergency medicine has been reorganized in many hospitals during the last few years. Economic and quality arguments have initiated the development of departments for emergency medicine in Slovenia. In the future, this will lead to new qualification criteria for physicians working in these departments. Four specific recommendations for development and organizations emergency medicine are required: the recognition as a specialty, the specialist training programme, the professional organization of emergency physicians and the presence of academic emergency centres (2). Slovenia is one of the 11 European countries who recognize hospital-based emergency medicine as a specialty (3, 4). This is 5-year specialty training (based on European curriculum) and the curriculum follows a symptom-oriented approach to emergency medicine, and includes a skilled description of the key competencies of the future trained emergency physicians (4). Slovenia has very well organised prehospital on-physician based emergency service and new qualification criteria for those physicians in emergency departments, therefore, need to be developed with primary education trainers for emergency medicine. In the model of integration of prehospital and hospital emergency medicine in academic emergency centers, emergency physicians work equal in ED and in the field on the method of rotation without changes of actual prehospital on-physicians based EMS.The integrative model have one in-door for emergency patients, mobility ofprehospital emergency physicians, a nurse-driven triage system and support of primary care physicians as gatekeepers.

Grmec S; Mally S

2009-01-01

272

Teachers Supporting Future Teachers: A Critical Part of Early Childhood Teacher Preparation  

Science.gov (United States)

A high-quality field experience is a fundamental part of early childhood teacher preparation where teachers-in-training observe, develop, and practice critical teaching skills and dispositions in early childhood classrooms. Many teachers welcome extra assistance in the classroom but do not know how to provide hands-on training to aspiring early…

Korth, Byran B.; Baum, Angela C.

2011-01-01

273

Studying Teacher Moves  

Science.gov (United States)

In July 2011, Bill Gates told the "Wall Street Journal," "I'm enough of a scientist to want to say, "What is it about a great teacher?"" As a "practitioner" of sorts, the author has wondered the same thing for 15 years. The K-12 school sector generates little empirical research of any sort. And of this small amount, most is targeted to…

Goldstein, Michael

2012-01-01

274

Teachers and Operant Conditioning.  

Science.gov (United States)

|A survey was conducted of 406 elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers to determine their understanding, acceptance, and use of the principle of operant conditioning. The treatment of data was by percent and chi square analysis primarily according to sex, experience, degree, and position. Subjects reported that a) they believed that the…

Frey, Sherman

275

Air Pollution, Teachers' Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on air pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of air pollution and involves students in processes of…

Lavaroni, Charles W.; O'Donnell, Patrick A.

276

Recruiting Teachers in Colombia  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about a system of special schools in Colombia which introduces students to teaching careers as early as the 8th grade. The Colombian system is based on a simple idea: Every student is a potential teacher. Principals talk about molding "ciudadano-pedagogos"--citizen-educators who view teaching as a way of…

Blair, Robert

2009-01-01

277

Water Pollution, Teachers' Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

|One of three in a series about pollution, this teacher's guide for a unit on water pollution is designed for use in junior high school grades. It offers suggestions for extending the information and activities contained in the textual material for students. Chapter 1 discusses the problem of water pollution and involves students in processes of…

Lavaroni, Charles W.; And Others

278

Teacher's Guide for Earthworms.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This teacher's guide on earthworms includes four major sections: (1) introduction, (2) caring for earthworms in the classroom, (3) classroom activities, and (4) the appendix. The introduction includes information concerning grade level, scheduling, materials, obtaining earthworms, field study, classroom clean-up, and records. Caring for…

Bruno, Merle S.; And Others

279

Aviation. Teacher Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

This teacher's guide contains information, lesson plans, and diverse student learning activities focusing on aviation. The guide is divided into seven sections: (1) "Drawing Activities" (Airmail Art; Eyewitness; Kite Power); (2) "Geography" (U.S. Airports); (3) "Information" (Aviation Alphabet; Glossary; Four Forces of Flight; What about Wind?;…

2001

280

Helping Teachers Communicate  

Science.gov (United States)

|Personality type theory describes normal differences in how people are energized, take in information, make decisions, and approach work and life--all key elements in how people teach and learn. Understanding one another's personality type preferences helps teachers share their instructional strategies and classroom information. Type theory…

Kise, Jane; Russell, Beth; Shumate, Carol

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Teacher as Prophetic Trickster  

Science.gov (United States)

There are a multitude of powerful cultural archetypes and images of the school teacher. These include nurturing caregiver, guardian of morality, champion of the global economy, self-sacrificing do-gooder, cultural worker, intellectual, tyrant, and many more metaphors. Jim Garrison's essay introduces another figure, a mythological persona, to the…

Garrison, Jim

2009-01-01

282

Folklore for Foxfire Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses using folklore as a means of connecting classroom work to surrounding communities and the real world (a Foxfire "core practice"). Includes an overview of Foxfire history, folklore concepts, and activities for learning about folklore. Stresses the value of folklore for both teachers and students. Lists information resources and books…

Duncan, Barbara Reimensnyder

1993-01-01

283

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF ENGLISH TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of a teacher cannot be replaced by textbooks, through moralizing or by a set of punishments and encouragements. The example set by a teacher and the influence of their personality are irreplaceable. A teacher’s work often has a far reaching, long term and suggestive impact on the development of a pupil’s personality, their behaviour and feelings. In our paper we try to describe some of the personality traits of English teachers in primary education in selected schools in the Czech Republic with the use of standardized psychological tests (quantitative method) and personal interview (qualitative method).

LENKA HRUŠKOVÁ

2013-01-01

284

Teachers' Beliefs and Teaching Beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the premise that teacher education programs, with their emphasis on methods, are largely ineffective in improving current teaching practice, this paper examines ways teacher educators can change some of the beliefs of teachers and teacher candidates early in a program so as to optimize the impact of learning new teaching practices. Three central questions are addressed-what technologies are available to teacher educators for changing candidate beliefs, what ethics come into play concerning changing the beliefs of candidates, and what beliefs should we teach-and the problems posed for changing beliefs. The paper then explores the concept of "dispositions," suggesting that if teacher educators could conceptualize the problem as one of "weak dispositions" rather than one of "beliefs," many of the issues would disappear. Three possible dispositions are explored as goals for a teacher education program: knowledge, colleagueship, and advocacy.

James Raths

2001-01-01

285

Preservice Science Teachers’ Views of Ways of Reducing Ecological Footprints  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since sustainability is seen as the most important problem recently, science education for sustainable life has emerged a new education area searching new teaching and learning models. Thus, this study aims to reveal preservice science teachers’ views of reducing ecological footprints. The study was carried out with 49 third year preservice science teachers in Gazi University, Faculty of Education, and Department of Science Education in 2006-2007 education term. Student-centered teaching activities about sustainable life and ecological footprints were improved and conducted within the context of the study. ‘Interview Form’ was used to gather data and analyzed qualitatively content analysis. As a result of the interviews, it was found out that the preservice science teachers made some suggestions for the ways of reducing ecological footprints such as changing their life styles and looking over their consuming preferences.

Özgül KELE?; Mustafa AYDO?DU

2010-01-01

286

Acoustic and EGG analyses of emotional utterances.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the glottal and filter variables of emotional expressions vary by emotion and valence expressed. Prolonged emotional vowels (n = 96) were produced by professional actors and actresses (n = 4) expressing joy, surprise, interest, sadness, fear, anger, disgust, and a neutral emotional state. Acoustic parameters and the contact quotient from the electroglottographic signal (CQEGG) were calculated. Statistics were calculated for the parameters. Vocal fold contact time differed significantly between the emotional expressions reflecting differences in phonation types. It was concluded that CQEGG may vary simultaneously and inversely with F3 and F4 in emotional expressions of positive emotions. Changes in the lower pharynx and larynx may affect the higher formant frequencies.

Waaramaa T; Kankare E

2013-04-01

287

Gestures modulate speech processing early in utterances.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Electroencephalogram was recorded as healthy adults viewed short videos of spontaneous discourse in which a speaker used depictive gestures to complement information expressed through speech. Event-related potentials were computed time-locked to content words in the speech stream and to subsequent related and unrelated picture probes. Gestures modulated event-related potentials to content words co-timed with the first gesture in a discourse segment, relative to the same words presented with static freeze frames of the speaker. Effects were observed 200-550 ms after speech onset, a time interval associated with semantic processing. Gestures also increased sensitivity to picture probe relatedness. Effects of gestures on picture probe and spoken word analysis were inversely correlated, suggesting that gestures differentially impact verbal and image-based processes.

Wu YC; Coulson S

2010-05-01

288

Teacher Observations on the Implementation of the Tools of the Mind Curriculum in the Classroom: Analysis of Interviews Conducted over a One-Year Period  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The following pilot study reports on teacher observations and reflections of implementing the Tools of the Mind curriculum in pre-k and kindergarten classrooms in an east coast urban school district in the US. The study followed five teachers over the course of a school year. Structured interviews were conducted with each teacher individually shortly after Tools of the Mind teacher training sessions took place. The analysis reports on themes that emerged in these conversations. Findings address; challenges the teachers faced in implementing the program, training issues, and the effectiveness of the program in supporting children’s intellectual and social skills.

Susan Imholz; Anthony Petrosino

2012-01-01

289

Emergent Properties of the System ???????????? ???????? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article considers approaches to definition of the “emergency” notion and provides foundations of emergent properties of the system and emergent strategies of enterprise management.? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? «??????????????», ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????.

Geseleva N. V.; Zaritskaya N. N.

2013-01-01

290

Expansion of Biology Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) During a Long-Term Professional Development Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Experienced teachers possess a unique teaching knowledge comprised of an inter-related set of knowledge and beliefs that gives direction and justification to a teacher's actions. This study examined the expansion of two components of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of three in-service teachers in the course of a professional development program aimed at designing new teaching and learning materials suggested by the teachers themselves. The research presents an enlargement of previous PCK representations by focusing on a detailed representation of two main PCK domains: teaching and learning, including ten PCK components that emerged in the course of data analysis. This representation enabled revealing the unique PCK held by each teacher and to characterize the expansion of the two components of the participating teachers' PCK during the long-term professional development program. Retention of major parts of the expanded PCK a year after termination of the program implies that designing and implementing new teaching and learning materials based on the teachers' experiences, needs, and knowledge in a workshop format accompanied by biology and science education courses might provide a powerful means for PCK expansion. We recommend that designers of professional development programs be aware of the unique PCK held by each teacher in order to promote meaningful professional development of each teacher. Moreover, the PCK representations that were identified in the course of this study enabled clarifying the "orientation toward teaching science" category of PCK which appears to be unclear in current literature.

Rozenszajn, Ronit; Yarden, Anat

2013-08-01

291

WEIGHTING OF STUDENTS’ PREFERENCES OF TEACHER’S COMPETENCIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe the proposed methodology of identification of the students’ weights or preferences of teacher’s managerial competencies at the Faculty of Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague (CULS). The goal of this article is not to evaluate the teacher’s scientific ability but describe the evaluation of the teacher’s managerial competencies weights from students’ point of view. For setting of weights there are many different methods that varied in the proportion of including the subjective and objective judgement. Commonly diffused method is the Analytic Hierarchy or Network Process by prof. Saaty (AHP or ANP). Because it is not possible to see or to evaluate teacher’s competencies in complexity, we proposed the questionnaires for pairwise comparisons of various teacher’s managerial characteristics and competencies. These answers are then analysed using the AHP method. The AHP is a method deriving global weights from partial weights received as result of pairwise comparisons.

BROŽOVÁ, Helena

2011-01-01

292

Accessing first-grade teachers' images and beliefs about teaching, learning, and students: The use of abstract symbolic drawing  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore teacher beliefs and images of students, learning, and teaching. The study was designed to elicit images and beliefs with the use of teachers' symbolic drawing and subsequent interpretation of their drawings. Twelve first grade teachers with teaching experience ranging from 1½ to 25 years, and from a variety of educational settings (i.e., urban, suburban, traditional public schools, non-traditional public or private schools) participated. Data collection utilized two primary methods of qualitative inquiry: teacher created abstract symbolic drawings and interviewing. The combination of symbolic drawings and interviewing provided an effective means for teachers to access, reflect upon, and express their tacit images and beliefs in a cohesive and holistic manner. The twelve teachers in this study appeared on the surface to have similar images of learning and teaching. Teachers talked about learning as a process that involved images of filtering, connecting, becoming stuck, and disconnecting. One major difference emerged that separated teachers into two distinct groups. The majority of teachers, ten out of twelve, viewed learning as a fact-based associative categorization where students either made connections through associations or replaced old information with new information. Only two teachers talked about learning as theory-based, describing learning as making connection through an assimilatory categorization process or making revisions to personal theories. Teachers who viewed learning as fact based also viewed teaching as fact-based. In general, these teachers used discussion, teacher questions, and a large variety of activities to help students collect new facts and make associative connections. Teachers who viewed learning as theory-based used activities, discussion, and teacher questions to promote conversation and thinking. They expected students to use new facts to build and revise theories with the use of logical reasoning.

Droy, Karen A.

293

Teachers Create a Professional Learning Community to be a Place of their Own  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Spring, 2012, seven New Jersey middle school mathematics teachers volunteered to lead an afterschool Professional Learning Community. The teachers set the meeting format, selected topics, and rotated facilitation of six 90-minute sessions.  A university researcher, working within a National Science Foundation-sponsored Mathematics/Science Partnership, designed the project to investigate how, if at all, these activities would enhance teachers’ leadership.  The researcher videotaped the teachers’ meetings, elicited written reflections, conducted interviews, and analyzed these data.  Emergent themes included cohesiveness,commitment,focus on practice, respectful participation in controversies, changes in confidence and leadership. All seven teachers planned to continue meeting during the 2012-2013 school year.

Della R. Leavitt; Marjory F. Palius; Robert D. Babst; Ryan Donegan; Jarrett L. Lampkin; Michael Smith; Patricia A. Whitford

2013-01-01

294

From Reflective Practice to Practical Wisdom: Toward a Post-Foundational Teacher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The authors situate this paper within ongoing debates in related areas such as reflective practice, critical pedagogy, practical wisdom and critical theory. First, the authors identify some of the problems in the present notions of reflective teaching and progressive teacher education. They analyze and compare the traditional-technical and interpretive literature on teaching and teacher education. None of these conceptions deal with teaching and teacher education in a reflexive way. Some problems the authors identify are located in the history of the concept “reflective teaching” and its interpretive underpinnings. Others emerge from particular applications within teacher education itself. The authors’ critique challenges the prevalent conceptions of interpretive reflective teaching, and proceeds to offer a critical framework for further reconstruction of the theory and practice of reflective teaching. The final section offers an alternative conceptualization of teaching and teacher education as a post-foundational and moral-political philosophy.

Mustafa Yunus Eryaman

2007-01-01

295

A comparison of teacher stress and school climate across schools with different matric success rates  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Our aim was to investigate differences in teacher stress and perceptions of school climate among teachers from schools with differing matriculation success rates in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Two schools with matric pass rates of 100% and two schools with matric pass rates of less than 25% were selected from a list of schools provided by the province's Educational District Circuit. The schools were matched in terms of area, size, resources, and equipment. Thirt (more) y-three teachers from the high performing schools and forty-two teachers from the poor performing schools participated in the study. Student's t tests were used to assess the differences between the schools on the variables under investigation, and the results showed the teachers' experience of stress across the different schools was not significantly different, but significant differences did emerge with regard to school climate. The implications of these findings for the study population are discussed.

Milner, Karen; Khoza, Harriet

2008-05-01

296

A comparison of teacher stress and school climate across schools with different matric success rates  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our aim was to investigate differences in teacher stress and perceptions of school climate among teachers from schools with differing matriculation success rates in the Limpopo province of South Africa. Two schools with matric pass rates of 100% and two schools with matric pass rates of less than 25% were selected from a list of schools provided by the province's Educational District Circuit. The schools were matched in terms of area, size, resources, and equipment. Thirty-three teachers from the high performing schools and forty-two teachers from the poor performing schools participated in the study. Student's t tests were used to assess the differences between the schools on the variables under investigation, and the results showed the teachers' experience of stress across the different schools was not significantly different, but significant differences did emerge with regard to school climate. The implications of these findings for the study population are discussed.

Karen Milner; Harriet Khoza

2008-01-01

297

A Study Of Personality Factors In Relation To Emotional Intelligence Of Student-teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Emotional intelligence seems to be everywhere. In recent years, it has emerged as a critical factor forsustaining high achievement, retention, and positive behaviour as well as improving life success. Emotionalintelligence (EI) and personality traits play a major role in maintaining work effectiveness and efficiency in anyorganization. The purpose of this study is to see the impact of emotional intelligence on personality traits of studentteacherswho aspire to become effective teachers. A total of 600 student-teachers of various colleges of educationaffiliated to University of Jammu, Jammu were selected as a sample randomly for the purpose of classification inlow and high emotional intelligent student-teachers. Finally 80 student-teachers (40 low and 40 high emotionallyintelligent) were selected randomly by using P40 and P60 percentiles. To test hypothesis t-test was used. Results ofthis study indicated significant differences between high and low emotional intelligent student teachers onpersonality factors.

Rakesh Bharti

2013-01-01

298

The International Teacher: Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Preferred Teacher-Student Interpersonal Behaviour in Two United World Colleges  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study investigated students' and teachers' views of preferred teaching in terms of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship. Interpersonal teacher behaviour was studied by means of the Model for Interpersonal Teacher Behaviour. Data was gathered from 176 students and 39 teachers from two United World Colleges, one in Norway and one in…

van Oord, Lodewijk; den Brok, Perry

2004-01-01

299

Science Teacher Quality and Effectiveness: Gweru Urban Junior Secondary School Students’ Points of View  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions among junior secondary science students from Gweru Urban secondary schools in Zimbabwe towards science teachers' teaching quality and effectiveness. This qualitative study approached and interviewed Form 2 students from 10 different schools in Gweru urban. The results show that three key dimensions of science teacher quality and effectiveness emerged: teacher's scientific knowledge, teacher’s pedagogical skills and teacher's social competence. Findings suggest that the teachers can promote and enhance teaching effectiveness by applying a positive student approach, understanding students’ learning difficulties, acknowledging the individual student, being someone the students can trust, being able to organise and teach in interesting and flexible ways, using good teaching methods, their ability to plan and structure the content and the use of practical investigative science in the classroom. Student perspectives, however, retain a humanistic vision of teaching and learning. Students want teachers who care and respect them, who help them learn and make learning interesting and fun. This study adds value by unveiling the key antecedents and predictors of students perceptions thus confirm previous findings that teacher quality is an important educational issue. It is apparent from this study that quality teachers must embrace the vision of caring for students and their learning.The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. Secondary school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student.

Mandina Shadreck; Mambanda Isaac

2012-01-01

300

Improving the Oral Language Skills of the Arabic-as-a-Second-Language Student by Introducing Dialectal Vocabulary, Minimizing Introduction of Other Language Skills, Reducing Corrections during the Uttering Process, Avoiding Excessive Grammar, and Consideration of the Student's Culture.  

Science.gov (United States)

The practicum reported was designed to improve listening and speaking skills of 30 (grades 7-11) learners of Arabic as a second language. The teacher/researcher used these classroom instructional strategies: introducing carefully selected dialectal vocabulary and language forms; concentrating only on oral skills; avoiding heavy introduction of…

Tahrawi, Khalil A.

 
 
 
 
301

The Segregation of American Teachers.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data from a unique new survey of over 1,000 teachers in K-12 public schools across the country show that our teaching force is largely segregated. Using this new dataset, I find that teachers of different races are teaching students of very different racial composition, adding an extra dimension to growing student racial segregation. White teachers comprise an overwhelming majority of the nation's teachers. Yet at the same time, they were the least likely to have had much experience with racial diversity and remain remarkably isolated. The typical African American teacher teaches in a school were nearly three-fifths of students are from low-income families while the average white teacher has only 35% of low-income students. Latino and Asian teachers are in schools that educate more than twice the proportion of English language learners as schools of white teachers. Nonwhite teachers and teachers who teach in schools with high percentages of minority or poor students are more likely to report that they are contemplating switching schools or careers. The article concludes with recommendations for diversifying the teaching force and ensuring that schools serving students of all backgrounds have a racially integrated, highly qualified faculty.

Erica Frankenberg

2009-01-01

302

Teacher leadership and educational innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This national conference was arranged by the Ministry of Education to support the drive to modernize the education system as a whole. This paper is based on David Frost’s presentation which explored the links between a transformative view of education, the nature of innovation and the need to develop teacher leadership. It is argued that, in transformative education, learning centres on the cultivation of capacities and dispositions. These are exemplified and illustrated. Key concepts such as agency, meta-learning, self-regulation and their link to citizenship are explained. The distinction is drawn between implementation and innovation as a process which is both long and arduous. It is argued that such a process of innovation demands learning at all levels (students, teachers, the school, the system), but teacher leadership is where the most potential lies. Stories of teacher leadership are used to illustrate what can be achieved and claims are made as to the benefits of teacher leadership. It is claimed that teacher leadership can mobilise teachers’ capacity for leading change, improve quality in the system and build professional knowledge that teachers trust. The paper concludes by outlining the theory of teacher leadership promoted by the International Teacher Leadership project.

Frost David

2010-01-01

303

Emergency management in Slovenia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Accidents may occur during the production, transport, use or storage of the radioactive materials. Experience has shown that advance emergency planning is essential in order to mitigate the consequences of the accidents. The paper presents the general philosophy applied in Slovenia to the problem of emergency response; background information on the Slovenian use of nuclear energy; and finally legal, organizational, planning and reviewing aspects of the civil protection applying to nuclear or radiological emergencies. (author)

1996-01-01

304

Emergence and Reflexive Downward  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper responds to Jaegwon Kim's powerful objection to the very possibility of genuinely novel emergent properties Kim argue that the incoherence of reflexive downward causation means that the causal power of an emergent phenomenon is ultimately reducible to the causal powers of its constituents. I offer a a simple argument showing how to characterize emergent properties m terms of the effects of structural relations an the causal powers of that constituents.

John Symons

2002-01-01

305

Internal emergency rehearsal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The CSN has been assigned with several functions in the management of nuclear or radiologic emergencies, such as the technical assessment to the authorities for the decision making on the forgoing steps and measures. The article describes the emergency reply organization prepared by the CSN with the description of a practical example: the tracking from the SALEM of an internal emergency rehearsal in the Asco nuclear power station. (Author) 6 refs

1998-01-01

306

Emergency exercise methodology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Competence for proper response to hazardous materials emergencies is enhanced and effectively measured by exercises which test plans and procedures and validate training. Emergency exercises are most effective when realistic criteria is used and a sequence of events is followed. The scenario is developed from pre-determined exercise objectives based on hazard analyses, actual plans and procedures. The scenario should address findings from previous exercises and actual emergencies. Exercise rules establish the extent of play and address contingencies during the exercise. All exercise personnel are assigned roles as players, controllers or evaluators. These participants should receive specialized training in advance. A methodology for writing an emergency exercise plan will be detailed.

Klimczak, C.A.

1993-03-01

307

Emergency cerclage: literature review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: This article reviews the use and effectiveness of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy and seeks to identify predictors of favorable emergency cerclage outcomes. We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library for the period January 1995 to April 2012 and used the terms "emergency cerclage," "emergency stitch," "rescue cerclage," and "rescue stitch." Thirty-four studies in which transvaginal emergency cervical cerclage was performed in women with a dilated cervix were identified and included. Predictors of poor outcome were prolapsed membranes, evidence of intra-amniotic or systemic infection, symptomatic presentation, cervical dilatation greater than 3 cm, or cerclage after 22 weeks. According to observational and limited randomized controlled trials, the cerclage group did significantly better than the bed-rest group in mean randomization-to-delivery interval, preterm delivery before 34 weeks, and compound neonatal morbidity. The current data suggest that emergency cerclage is associated with a longer latency period and, most often, with better pregnancy outcomes when compared with bed rest. Many of the predictors of adverse outcomes appear to be associated with evidence of inflammation or infection. TARGET AUDIENCE: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to review the use and evaluate the effectiveness of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated cervix in the second trimester, to identify predictors of favorable emergency cerclage outcomes, and to compare emergency cerclage versus bed rest.

Namouz S; Porat S; Okun N; Windrim R; Farine D

2013-05-01

308

Risk communications & emergency planning  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This talk outlines the interface between good risk communication and emergency planning. The major topics include the following: What is risk communication and how is it applied to emergency planning; crisis communication and the need to know and how to integrate crisis communication and risk communication; the face of the emergency: spokespersons, public information; The Media`s role in emergency Public information and risk communication; Developing the risk communication message; How to respond to continuing need for 24 hours communications; the EAS and Risk communication and Crisis communication; and finally where is risk communication heading and how it can help.

Baranski, S.C. [EQUINOX Environmental, Inc., Shushan, NY (United States)

1995-12-31

309

Teachers' Domain: Dust Explosion  

Science.gov (United States)

This video package illustrates the hazard of dust explosionsâspecifically, how a material that is not generally flammable suddenly becomes combustible when its surface area is increased. The featured chemical is lycopodium powder, which is not especially flammable in normal circumstances. But disperse it into the air, bring a flame close by and.....KABOOM. (Video may be viewed in slow motion.) Editor's Note: When a substance rapidly reacts with oxygen, energy is released in the form of heat and/or light. This type of exothermic reaction is known as combustion. This resource will be especially useful in helping students see that many factors can affect combustion: temperature, the concentration of the reactants, and surface area of the fuel. Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-06-27

310

Teachers' Domain: Forces Lab  

Science.gov (United States)

This four-part interactive simulation explores some of the most important forces to be considered in structural engineering. It's a fun way for kids in Grades 4-8 to learn about compression, tension, torque, and shear -- and then apply this knowledge to further explore structural load. In the "Materials Lab" section, they stretch and compress 8 different types of building materials: wood, plastic, aluminum, brick, concrete, reinforced concrete, cast iron, and steel. Last, in the "Shapes Lab", they choose from rectangular, arched, and triangular shapes and test their stability. Teachers' Domain is an NSF-funded pathway of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL). It is a growing collection of videos, lessons, and activities compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-10-04

311

Teachers' Domain: Gooey Gak  

Science.gov (United States)

This module explores complex fluids, mixtures that have characteristics of more than one phase of matter. It features a video of cornstarch "coming to life" -- when combined with water, the resulting mixture becomes a non-Newtonian fluid with properties of both a solid and a liquid, depending on the amount of pressure or force applied to it. In a related hands-on activity, learners make a polymer called "Gak" from borax powder, glue, and water. The experiment is a springboard for teaching about polymers, long-chained molecules consisting of smaller repeating molecule units (known as monomers). Teachers' Domain is a growing collection of more than 1,000 free educational resources compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote the use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-08-18

312

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Rhode Island  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

313

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Jersey  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

314

Teacher Self: The Practice of Humanistic Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book for teacher educators and teachers emphasizes the challenges of teacher learning as the essential feature of education. It features a collection of narratives that incorporates the personal, emotional, and intellectual commonplaces of teacher learning. It focuses on the continuous process of becoming, as one teacher educator and his…

Allender, Jerome S.

315

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. West Virginia  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The "2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

316

The Use of the European Portfolio for Student Teachers of Languages (EPOSTL) to Foster Teacher Autonomy: English Language Teaching (ELT) Student Teachers' and Teacher Trainers' Views  

Science.gov (United States)

It was the aim of this pilot study to investigate ELT student teachers' and teacher trainers' views on the use of the EPOSTL in pre-service language teacher education of a Turkish state university. Upon the implementation of the EPOSTL as a reflection tool for the second semester of 2010, 25 student teachers and 4 teacher trainers were interviewed…

Cakir, Abdulvahit; Balcikanli, Cem

2012-01-01

317

The Missing Link: Research on Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher education has recently come under attack for its perceived lack of efficacy in preparing teachers for classroom duty. A lack of comprehensive research in teacher education makes it difficult to understand the effects of teacher education programs on student learning. There is a missing link between what happens in teacher education…

Wiens, Peter D.

2012-01-01

318

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. Massachusetts  

Science.gov (United States)

For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

319

Teachers and Humanism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the large investigation in the labor universe, teachers give a good illustration for “Working to be happy” (Christian Baudelot, Michel Gollac, 2003). But the question is about the reasons: what are the anthropological needs that profession answer through its sociological organization? This article investigates the cohesion of the French teachers of all grades, from pre-school level to university, manifest in the last social movement, and which can be understood as an expression of values and educational background. As one of a number of social strategies, the quest for a certain standard of living may outline the main side of this professional choice: a humanist career resolution for women and men as well.At the first level, the study provides evidences of the public-private and republican-liberal cleavage, which against all expectations, actually cuts through the male-female divide. So, if we go back to the analyses of Alain Chenu and Nicolas Herpin (2006), we cannot make conclusions on behalf of this professional category, which has shown strong, compact or homogeneous resistance to the restructuring of the order of civic priorities between equality and freedom. However, the study finds in a second level, that the humanism of the majority of teachers is based on equality of the sexes, security and respect in their work, modest material needs and the importance of time for themselves and their families. This category has found that teaching offers the conditions in which they may uphold values founded on human rights. The cohesion of the French teachers can be understood as an expression against indivudual competition.

Sophie Devineau

2010-01-01

320

Teacher Test Accountability.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given the high stakes of teacher testing, there is no doubt that every teacher test should meet the industry guidelines set forth in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Unfortunately, however, there is no public or private business or governmental agency that serves to certify or in any other formal way declare that any teacher test does, in fact, meet the psychometric recommendations stipulated in the Standards. Consequently, there are no legislated penalties for faulty products (tests) nor are there opportunities for test takers simply to raise questions about a test and to have their questions taken seriously by an impartial panel. The purpose of this article is to highlight some of the psychometric results reported by National Evaluation Systems (NES) in their 1999 Massachusetts Educator Certification Test (MECT) Technical Report, and more specifically, to identify those technical characteristics of the MECT that are inconsistent with the Standards. A second purpose of this article is to call for the establishment of a standing test auditing organization with investigation and sanctioning power. The significance of the present analysis is twofold: a) psychometric results for the MECT are similar in nature to psychometric results presented as evidence of test development flaws in an Alabama class-action lawsuit dealing with teacher certification (an NES-designed testing system); and b) there was no impartial enforcement agency to whom complaints about the Alabama tests could be brought, other than the court, nor is there any such agency to whom complaints about the Massachusetts tests can be brought. I begin by reviewing NES's role in Allen v. Alabama State Board of Education, 81-697-N. Next I explain the purpose and interpretation of standard item analysis procedures and statistics. Finally, I present results taken directly from the 1999 MECT Technical Report and compare them to procedures, results, and consequences of procedures followed by NES in Alabama.

Larry H. Ludlow

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Constructing Outcomes in Teacher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As we enter the twenty-first century, the outcomes, consequences, and results of teacher education have become critical topics in nearly all of the state and national policy debates about teacher preparation and licensure as well as in the development of many of the privately and publicly funded research agendas related to teacher and student learning. In this article, I argue that teacher education reform over the last fifty years has been driven by a series of questions about policy and practice. The question that is currently driving reform and policy in teacher education is what I refer to as "the outcomes question." This question asks how we should conceptualize and define the outcomes of teacher education for teacher learning, professional practice, and student learning, as well as how, by whom, and for what purposes these outcomes should be documented, demonstrated, and/or measured. In this article, I suggest that the outcomes question in teacher education is being conceptualized and constructed in quite different ways depending on the policy, research, and practice contexts in which the question is posed as well as on the political and professional motives of the posers. The article begins with an overview of the policy context, including those reforms and initiatives that have most influenced how outcomes are currently being constructed, debated, and enacted in teacher education. Then I identify and analyze three major "takes" on the outcomes question in teacher education?outcomes as the long-term or general impacts of teacher education, outcomes as teacher candidates' scores on high stakes teacher tests, and outcomes as the professional performances of teacher candidates, particularly their demonstrated ability to influence student learning. For each of these approaches to outcomes, I examine underlying assumptions about teaching and schooling, the evidence and criteria used for evaluation, units of analysis, and consequences for the profession. I point out that how we construct outcomes in teacher education (including how we make the case that some outcomes matter more than others) legitimizes but also undermines particular points of view about the purposes of schooling, the nature of teaching and learning, and the role of teacher education in educational reform. In the second half of the article, I offer critique across the three constructions of outcomes, exploring the possibilities as well as the pitfalls involved in the outcomes debate. In this section, I focus on the tensions between professional consensus and critique, problems with the inputs-outputs metaphor, the need to get social justice onto the outcomes agenda, problems with the characterization of teachers as either saviors or culprits, and the connection of outcomes to educational reform strategies that are either democratic or market-driven.

Marilyn Cochran-Smith

2001-01-01

322

Mentoring Beginning and Crossover Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This poster focuses on mentoring efforts with the Physics Teacher Education Coalition Project (PhysTEC) and comments from some mentees. This poster will focus on mentor-mentee interactions during the last three years. Types of interactions, time spent on those different interaction types, and summary comments from mentees will be available. (The PhysTEC project goals include increasing the number of physics teachers produced, improving undergraduate physics teacher education preparation, better equipping prospective teachers through their undergraduate education, and providing some mentoring support during their first years of teaching. The author served as a high school Teacher in Residence at Western Michigan University during 2002-2003 and has continued his involvement with the PhysTEC project through mentoring beginning and crossover teachers.)

Freeland, Dale

2006-12-01

323

Towards Constructivist Teacher Professional Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: In recent years, much has been written about constructivist learning theories and their applications to outcomes-based teaching and learning environments in South Africa. Approach: Little, if any, has been said about the implications of these ideas and practices for teacher professional development and teacher education. The introduction of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS) Policy requires teachers to acquire new skills, knowledge, attitudes and values and to employ a wide variety of teaching strategies, in order to enable students to construct their own knowledge. Results: The purpose of this desktop review is to rethink teacher professional development within a constructivist framework. Conclusion: In this article, we argue that teacher professional development can fit the context and, more specifically, in outcomes-based settings, as well as proposed a move away from a mechanistic world-view (modernist and behaviorist approach) to a holistic world-view (constructivist and situational or contextual approach) of teacher professional development.

V. J. Pitsoe; W. M. Maila

2012-01-01

324

Balancing Teacher Quality and Quantity  

Science.gov (United States)

The world is facing a shortage of trained teachers. According to the 2010 Global Monitoring Report approximately 10.3 million teachers will be needed globally to staff classrooms from Bangkok to Canada. The situation is worse in Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates suggest that approximately 1.2 million new teachers will be needed in Sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve universal primary education goals by 2015. Increases in primary school enrollments, drought, and HIV-AIDS have exacerbated the need for well trained teachers. Despite the need, the focus is on balancing quality with quantity. An effective teacher is deemed a critical element, although not the only one, in a student's success in the classroom. This paper focuses on the dilemma of meeting universal primary education goals in Sub-Saharan Africa, while maintaining teacher quality in fragile contexts.

Bond, Helen

325

A Study Of Emotional Intelligence In Relation To Academic Achievement And Academic Stress Of Student-teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, Emotional intelligence is emerging as a critical factor for sustaining high achievement, retention, and positive behaviour as well as improving life success. The purpose of this study is to see the impact of emotional intelligence on academic achievement and academic stress of student-teachers. A total of 600 studentteachers (M=300 and F=300) of various colleges of education affiliated to University of Jammu, Jammu selected as a sample randomly for the purpose of classification in low and high emotional intelligent student-teachers. Finally 80 student-teachers (40 low and 40 high emotionally intelligent student-teachers) were selected randomly. To test hypotheses t-test was used. Results of this study indicated significant differences between high and low emotional intelligent student teachers on academic achievement and academic stress in favour of high emotional intelligent student-teachers

Rakesh Bharti; Jeewan Jyoti Sidana

2012-01-01

326

The use of German aha in the classroom: Teachers’ demonstration and instrumentalization of aha as a response to the storytelling of children with cochlear implants : The use of German aha in the classroom with cochlear-implanted children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Response particles serve a variety of interactional purposes and are as such an essential element of conversations. One of the purposes response particles are used for is to index a change of state, that is to the display that the speaker has undergone a shift from being un-informed to being informed. In this paper I investigate one specific type of response particle, the German change-of-state token ‘aha’ and how it is used by a teacher in the classroom with prelingually deafened and cochlear-implanted children. ‘Aha’ has been documented to display surprise, thus indicating that an utterance has informed the speaker and marking an epistemic shift from that of –K (not knowing) to + K (knowing) of the producer. Based on 60 storytellings of children with cochlear-implants I show that the teacher in fact uses ‘aha’ for two purposes: firstly, as a demonstration of news receipt after unknown information within the story and secondly, as a tool to acknowledge the child’s effort to improve his/her language production. I conclude with a summary of the findings, discussing the implications the teacher’s differentiated use of ‘aha’ may have for the children and their acquisition of interactional competence.

Mourtou, Eleni

2014-01-01

327

Avoiding medical emergencies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Medical emergencies can occur at any time in any location. This article and associated presentation at the forthcoming British Dental Conference Exhibition provide key advice on avoiding medical emergencies in dental practice; including advice on risk assessing all patients, understanding the importance of a checklist, and using a National Early Warning Score (NEWS).

Omar Y

2013-03-01

328

Radiology in emergency medicine  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book gives a discussion of radiologic modalities currently being used in emergency situations. Radiographs, echocardiographs, radionuclide scans and CT scans are systematically analyzed and evaluated to provide a step-by-step diagnostic process for emergency physicians to follow when a radiologist is not present.

Levy, R.; Barsan, W.G.

1986-01-01

329

Surgical emergencies and manpower.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The emergency surgical admissions to one firm during the year 1979 have been reviewed. Emergency cases constituted half the workload of this and other units in the hospital. Male and female admissions were equal. The under twenty year old was the largest age group admitted. The commonest diagnosis, ...

Stower, M. J.; Hardcastle, J. D.; Bourke, J. B.

330

Emergency exercise scenario tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nuclear power plant emergency exercises require a realistically presented accident situation which includes various aspects: plant process, radioactivity, radiation, weather and people. Experiences from nuclear power plant emergency exercises show that preparing accident scenarios even for relatively short exercises is tedious. In the future modern computer technology and past experience could be used for making exercise planning more effective. (au)

1998-01-01

331

HANARO radiation emergency plan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The emergency plan of HANARO (High-flux advanced Neutron Application Reactor) is prepared based on the Korea Atomic Law, the Civil Defence Law, Disaster Protection Law and the emergency related regulation guides such as the NUREG series from USNRC to ensu...

J. T. Lee

1997-01-01

332

A Comparative Study Among Sports Teachers And Non-sports Teachers Respect To Personality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study to find out the personality characteristics among sports teachers and non-sports teachers. Personality Inventory (N.E.O.P.I) by Paul T. Costa, Jr., Ph.D. & Robert R. McCrae, Ph.D. 1989, 1992. Besides a PDS was used to get other necessary information about the teachers. Hypotheses of the study There will be significant difference between Sports teachers and Non-Sports teachers on the dimension of personality i e Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. Conclusion 1. Sports Teachers have significantly high openness than Non- Sports Teachers. 2. Sports Teachers have significantly high conscientiousness than Non- Sports Teachers. 3. Sports Teachers have significantly high extraversion than Non- Sports Teachers. 4. There were no significant differences in between Sports Teachers and Non- Sports Teachers dimension of agreeableness. 5. Sports Teachers have significantly high neuroticism than Non- Sports Teachers.

Quadri Syed Javeed

2012-01-01

333

TEACHERS? ACCOUNTS OF LANGUAGE VARIATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper focuses on teachers' stigmatizing perspectives of their students' nonstandard varieties of Portuguese. Theoretically, the study was grounded on Personal Construct Psychology, Perspective Transformation in Teacher Education, Transformative Bidialectalism and Critical Language Awareness. The objectives were to jointly access and assess the teachers? implicit theories about nonstandard language and to verify to what extent these theories affected their classroom pedagogy. My research questions turned to how the participating teachers understood nonstandard language; and to how their understandings are reflected on their language teaching. The viewing of the teachers? videotaped classes and Repertory Grid activities inspired reflective conversations with the two teacher participants on their language and classroom experiences. These conversations were audio-recorded, transcribed and their analysis followed the thematizing approach of Hermeneutic Phenomenology. The study revealed teachers? implicit theories about language variation defining pedagogies based on deficit and standard grammar perspectives. These pedagogies are in constant interaction with the teachers? lived experiences, the contextual restrictions of schools and the limitations of teacher education programs.

Telles João A.

1998-01-01

334

Teacher Absenteeism in Urban Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available School reform efforts aimed at promoting equity and excellence at urban school settings are heavily dependent upon the quality of teaching personnel that are used to deliver the instructional program. Social Justice and other public policy issues related to equity and excellence at urban schools have begun to examine the impact that teacher absenteeism, and by extension the reliance on substitute teachers to deliver instructional might have on educational attainment. This study combines school district data gathering mechanisms on teacher absence rates at school sites with Geographical Information Systems (G.I.S.) to map the association between a school's geographical environmental space and the propensity for teacher absence. The disparity between teaching resources as delivered by the school district vs. teacher resources as actually received by students in the classroom via teacher absenteeism is examined in the context of schools located in positive (high income) and negative (low income) geographical space. The study concludes that there is a strong association between the geographical quality of the school site setting, teacher absenteeism, and the reliance on substitute teachers to deliver instructional programs. Disparity in teacher absenteeism rates across large urban geographical areas threatens the promotion of equity and excellence in the schools by attenuating or lessening the effect of school resources to support instruction and amplifying the risk factors of students in the classroom.

James E. Bruno

2002-01-01

335

Teachers of high ability pupils  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we analyze the characteristics of gifted and talented students’ expert teachers. The subject background and the specific proprieties of the instructional process to meet gifted students’ educational needs are analyzed. The value of teacher-student interactions and of teaching and learning styles are highlighted. Also, we include different action guidelines and instructional resources to use in the classroom to teach these students. There is not an ideal teacher for high ability students. However, teachers must know what the teaching-learning processes are and how these work, and the diverse psychological, content and contextual variables involved in such processes.

Cándido Genovard; Concepción Gotzens; María del Mar Badía; María Teresa Dezcallar

2010-01-01

336

Insights for Teachers of Adults  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, I examine the field of adult learners from the teachers’ perspective. Firstly, I identify the characteristics of adults as learners and their particular needs, which teach- ers must be aware of and deal with. Secondly, I propose a combination of adult learners’ characteristics with ‘teaching orientations’, as a basis for further research on teachers of adults’ professional development. Some competencies can be taught in formal settings, but a large amount of the teacher’s career is spent in the classroom where (s)he manage the teaching by practising, and hopefully learning by experience in the field.

Lund Larsen, Lea

337

Teachers' Mathematical Beliefs: A Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the nature and role of teachers’ mathematical beliefs in instruction. It is argued that teachers’ mathematical beliefs can be categorised in multiple dimensions. These beliefs are said to originate from previous traditional learning experiences mainly during schooling. Once acquired, teachers’ beliefs are eventually reproduced in classroom instruction. It is also argued that, due to their conservative nature, educational environments foster and reinforce the development of traditional instructional beliefs. Although there is evidence that teachers’ beliefs influence their instructional behaviour, the nature of the relationship is complex and mediated by external factors.

Boris Handal

2003-01-01

338

Emergency medicine in Mexico.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the past decade, México, with the third largest population of any country in the Americas, has experienced rapid growth in Emergency Medicine education. Emergency Medicine residency programs began in México City in 1986 and in 1991, spread throughout the country when the Medical Institute of Social Services (IMSS) instituted programs at their specialty hospitals. Although pre-hospital care is still rudimentary in many parts of the country and there are insufficient numbers of trained emergency physicians to staff the nation's Emergency Departments, the growth of the specialty is helping to improve the quality of medical care in México. This article discusses the current condition of and prospects for Emergency Medicine in México within the context of its medical system, and outlines objectives and guidelines for future developments.

Garcia-Rosas C; Iserson KV

2006-11-01

339

75 FR 8854 - Teacher Incentive Fund Program  

Science.gov (United States)

...Making teacher compensation pay off in the age of accountability. Washington, DC: Progressive Policy Institute. \\5\\ Odden, A., and Wallace, M. (2007, February). Rewarding Teacher Excellence: A Teacher Compensation Handbook for State...

2010-02-26

340

Teachers Helping Teachers: A Professional Development Model that Promotes Teacher Leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This mixed methods study reports on the outcomes of a professional development model (PDM) developed by a K-12 private school in Beirut, Lebanon, after 3 years of its employment. Specifically, an evaluation of this PDM is provided with special emphasis on its potential of developing teacher leaders at school. The PDM embraces a constructivist approach whereby teachers train colleague teachers and some high school students provide ushering services during professional development events. Data was collected using focus group interviews with teacher trainers, surveying teacher trainees and asking student ushers to describe their most important gain from this model using a single statement. Findings of the study highlight resonant school gains from this PDM and underscore its potential in developing not only teacher leadership but also student leadership. The study provides important implications for professional development program designers.

Norma Ghamrawi

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Reconceptulizing the Design and Delivery of Teacher Preparatory Programmes: Insights from Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study evaluated the design and delivery of an innovative teacher education programme that was intended to produce a prototype primary school teacher. The study was prompted by unprecedented resistance to the programme by the intended beneficiaries of the programme namely post-sixth form student teachers. The primary purpose of the study was to assess the adequacy and efficacy of the faculty based teacher education programme in transforming post-sixth form students into prototype primary school teachers. The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) was utilized as a conceptual and interpretive framework for conducting the study whereas Wang (1983) concept of critical programme dimensions provided a framework for identifying aspects of the programme to be evaluated. The participants in the study consisted of 54 post-sixth form student teachers who were the first group to pioneer a pre-service primary teacher education degree programme for post-sixth form students, 15 teacher educators and 12 school based mentors participating in the implementation of the programme. The results of the study indicate that design and operational flaws of the programme subvert the impacts of the programme. More precisely, the design weaknesses of the programme which include among other things, an inadequate needs assessment system, rationalist top-down curriculum development strategies, ambiguous goals, skewed content and a costly format in terms of resources undermines the impacts of the innovative teacher education programme. Operationally, the programme was found to lack an adequate emotional support infrastructure, informed and motivated implementers and an adequate budget. More significantly, the programme lacked social and moral props to sustain student teachers’ interests and concerns in primary teaching. In light of the above this study proposes a major overhaul in the conceptualisation, design and delivery of post sixth form pre-service primary teacher education programmes. First, the socio-moral concerns of post-sixth form should be regarded as problematic and should be accorded space in both the design and delivery of primary teacher education programmes. Secondly, successful implementation of pre-service primary teacher education programmes require more than the mastery of teacher education technologies. It requires among other things effective emotional support systems, quality pre-implementation planning, faculty wide cohesion among university departments and motivated teams of implementers seeking to attain shared goals. For such a landscape to emerge in primary teacher education, systemic and concerns- based approaches should be incorporated in the design and delivery of teacher education programmes.

Jonathan Mswazie

2013-01-01

342

Chapter 10. Emergency preparedness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Based on experience from exercises on recommendations of international missions and in compliance with the international projects, Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) continued also in 1999 improving the quality and completion of the equipment of the emergency Response Center by equipment, software, hardware and emergency procedures necessary for the performance of the Emergency Response Group of UJD. The Chairman of UJD approved and signed the emergency procedures, which were prepared and verified during exercises by the end of August 1999. Thus they became an official binding document for the UJD staff. In 1999 UJD has a priority in the emergency preparedness the inspection activity and review of documentation of Unit 2 NPP Mochovce prior and during its commissioning. Modified off-site plans for protection of the population of Nitra, Banska Bystrica and Trencin districts were reviewed in October 1999. Emergency plans for NPP Mochovce was also approved. UJD inspectors participated in full-scope exercise of NPP Mochovce on 26 May 1999. In connection with commissioning of Unit 2 of NPP Mochovce there were 2 team inspections focused mainly on incorporation of UJD conditions into the emergency plan of NPP Mochovce, on technical and documentation equipment of the emergency control center and technical support center and training of staff in the field of emergency preparedness. According to the inspection plan UJD inspectors made another two team inspections in the field of emergency preparedness at NPP Mochovce, as well as at other sites of NPP, one of which was at SE-VYZ and one at the National Depository of Radioactive Waste and two at NPP Bohunice. In 1999 RODOS project was launched through European Commission. Intensive co-operation with the IAEA continued in the field of RER/9/050 regional project implementation - Harmonization in emergency planning - for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In 1999 UJD developed a draft of the national emergency plan of SR, which was approved by the national Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents in March 1999.

1999-10-00

343

Computer technology teacher candidates’ views on the concepts of literacy related to information technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the views of teacher candidates in the department of Computer Education and Educational Technology at Yeditepe University on the concepts of information literacy, digital literacy and media literacy. A descriptive research method was employed in the data analysis procedure. Data was collected through a questionnaire involving 5 questions. The questionnaire was divided into two main parts: a subject profile and open-ended questions. The profile contained demographic and educational characteristics of teacher candidates such as gender, grade level, type of school attended and grade point average. The open-ended questions explored teacher candidates’ views on the concepts of literacy. Qualitative data derived from the open-ended questions was analyzed using content analysis techniques. Two main themes emerged from the analysis of data, including: teacher candidates’ definitions of the concepts and teacher candidates’ views on the use of these concepts in different fields. The findings of the study indicated that teacher candidates’ definitions of information literacy were more complete than their definitions of digital literacy and media literacy. However, they could not identify the main components of information literacy such as using diverse information resources and synthesizing them. It was also determined that teacher candidates’ knowledge of digital literacy was inadequate, and they defined the concept in different ways. As for media literacy, which was one of the major themes of the study, teacher candidates were unable to sufficiently define media literacy in terms of media sources.

Yelkin Diker Co?kun; Gonca K?z?lkaya Cumao?lu; Hümset Seçkin

2013-01-01

344

Does Teacher Preparation Matter? Evidence about Teacher Certification, Teach for America, and Teacher Effectiveness.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent debates about the utility of teacher education have raised questions about whether certified teachers are, in general, more effective than those who have not met the testing and training requirements for certification, and whether some candidates with strong liberal arts backgrounds might be at least as effective as teacher education graduates. This study examines these questions with a large student-level data set from Houston, Texas that links student characteristics and achievement with data about their teachers' certification status, experience, and degree levels from 1995-2002. The data set also allows an examination of whether Teach for America (TFA) candidates-recruits from selective universities who receive a few weeks of training before they begin teaching-are as effective as similarly experienced certified teachers. In a series of regression analyses looking at 4th and 5th grade student achievement gains on six different reading and mathematics tests over a six-year period, we find that certified teachers consistently produce stronger student achievement gains than do uncertified teachers. These findings hold for TFA recruits as well as others. Controlling for teacher experience, degrees, and student characteristics, uncertified TFA recruits are less effective than certified teachers, and perform about as well as other uncertified teachers. TFA recruits who become certified after 2 or 3 years do about as well as other certified teachers in supporting student achievement gains; however, nearly all of them leave within three years. Teachers' effectiveness appears strongly related to the preparation they have received for teaching.

Linda Darling-Hammond; Deborah J. Holtzman; Su Jin Gatlin; Julian Vasquez Heilig

2005-01-01

345

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

346

Teacher Professional Leadership in Support of Teacher Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Counteracting perceptions of teaching as a profession with a flat career trajectory may require professional leadership opportunities for experienced teachers that differ substantively from those typically available. This evaluation study investigated the results of a professional development initiative for subject specialist teachers seconded to…

Taylor, Mike; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Kinsella, Penny

2011-01-01

347

Teacher's Questions: A Survey of English Teachers' Questioning Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Central to classroom teaching is the teacher/student interaction known as the "recitation", a process described by Gage and Berliner in this fashion:the continually repeated chain of events in which1. the teacher provides structuring, briefly formulating the topic or issue to be discussed, then2. the teacher solicits a response or asks a question of one or more students; then3. the student responds or answers the question; and4. the teacher reacts to the student's answer.Most of works spoken by teachers are emitted in the form of questions. In his review of studies which consider the role of questions in teaching, Gall reports a figure as high as 150 questions per hour for elementary school teachers, whicle Guilford notes that questioning represents as much as 80 percent of teacher talk.In the Bahamian context there has been little empirical research carried out of any kind, and as classroom teaching is the basic procedure in Bahamian education, many of the teacher behaviour variables that are involved, such as questioning, have yet to be assessed.

Glinton, Patricia; King, Irene; Young, Jonathan

1983-01-01

348

Pre-Service Beginning Teachers’ Beliefs, Expectations and Other Teacher Preparation Issues of the Practicum at the University of Trinidad and Tobago  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study examined the extent to which there were changes in pre-service teachers’ beliefs, expectations and other teacher preparation issues over a four-year period at the University of Trinidad and Tobago. The study was guided by the conceptual framework of Calderhead and Shorrock (1997) – the personal, critical, academic, practical and technical orientation - and compared pre-service teachers’ reflections on these five components before and after their exposure to the practicum at the university. The participants in the study were 36 pre-service beginning teachers who were never exposed to any teacher training programme. There were 12 males and 24 females whose average ages were 24 years. Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews at the beginning and the end of the four year period. The interview data were audio-taped and later transcribed in the tradition of grounded theory (Glaser and Strauss, 1967). Systematic coding was used to uncover key features and emerging themes from the first and second phases of the study. Five categories consistent with the conceptual framework of the study were identified: beliefs and expectations, mentorship support, resource adequacy, content and pedagogical knowledge and adequate classroom experiences. The findings suggested there were some changes in pre-service beliefs and expectations and other preparation issues. There were also mixed messages from the beginning teachers with regard to adequate resources, mentorship support and classroom experiences. Recommendations were made for the continuing professional development of these novice teachers.

George Gowrie; Mala Ramdass

2012-01-01

349

[Thijsse, teacher of nature, teacher of malaria].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The start of organised malaria control in The Netherlands originated from an epidemic that became apparent in 1919. Shortly thereafter the Commission for Malaria Control realised the need for involvement of the population in the endemic area of North-Holland province. Education and propaganda would make them alert to reduce the risk of infection and aware of the need for medical diagnosis and treatment. The commission called upon Dr. Jac. P. Thijsse, a professional educator who had just received an honorary doctor's degree at the University of Amsterdam for his excellent work on bringing nature and field biology to the attention of the general public. He had founded the Society for Nature Conservation. Thijsse was invited to write a book on malaria, for use at primary school level. The booklet was called 'About mosquitoes and malaria' and it was widely used by teachers and pupils. Thijsse was also instrumental in the making of a propaganda film on malaria and its control. It was acclaimed by visiting malariologists from abroad for its quality, and it was watched with astonishment by the people in rural North-Holland. Thijsse was a member of the scientific Malaria Commission for five years. His profound knowledge about flora and fauna made him an expert in predicting the chances of mosquito breeding in polder canals with fresh or brackish water. After his resignation he was nominated president for a committee to organise a contest for a new propaganda poster. He passed away in 1945, just before a new epidemic would strike the war-exhausted population of the coastal provinces. It would have been a disappointment to him, because he had strongly believed that the scientific and organising power of the Malaria Commission would be successful in bringing the fever curse to a halt. This epidemic was the last one, and whatever the cause, malaria had disappeared from the Netherlands in 1960.

Visscher-Endeveld L; Verhave JP

2005-01-01

350

MODERN PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER’S TIFLOINFORMATION COMPETENCES ????????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tendencies of integration of visual impaired children to the mass schools as well as significant value of information-communication technologies (ICT) in the education of these children require corresponding training of primary school teachers. The purpose of this article is to analyse the approaches to the concept of ICT-competence with further definition of primary school teacher’s tifloinformation competences. Literature analysis has discovered that there is no connection between ICT-competences and pupil with visual impairments yet. As a result, the list of primary school teacher’s tifloinformation competences was formulated. The objective of further investigations consist in the development of techniques essential for creation of corresponding competences.????????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ???? ? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????????-?????????????? ?????????? (???) ????????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????. ????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????/?????????????? ? ?????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????, ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????????. ?? ???????? ??????? ??????????, ???????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ?????? ???-???????????/???????????????, ???'?????? ?? ???'????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???? ? ????????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????. ????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????????.

K.?. ?o????

2011-01-01

351

Evaluation of Teacher’s Performance Using Fuzzylogic Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most Institutes and Organization use performance appraisal system to evaluate the teachers performance. The teachers performance is very important to the students and as well as school management, in which usually involves crisp and uncertain values to evaluate teacher’s performance. In this paper we proposed to evaluate teachers performance on the basis of different factors, applying into fuzzy inference system (FIS) , FIS is the process of formulating the mapping from a given input to an output using fuzzy logic. We can consider some of the most relevant factors, and developed rules will be fuzzified. As input fuzzy variable performance will be fuzzified with suitable fuzzy linguistic variable and ultimately FIS will be developed. This paper explains the comparison of two different membership function and getting more or less similar, So as to achieve the shape of membership function, which is not playing much role to evaluate the performance in positive or negative direction.

Sirigiri Pavani, P.V.S.S.Gangadhar, Kajal Kiran Gulhare

2012-01-01

352

A GOOD TEACHER , HIS ROLE AND QUALITIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Think back to when you were in school. Who was your favorite teacher? Who was the teacher you dreaded having? Almost everyone will instantly be able to answer these two questions. We've all had good teachers and unfortunately most of us have had teachers that were not effective. So what qualities does an effective teacher have that an ineffective teacher does not? The answer is that it takes a perfect blend of several qualities to create a truly effective teacher who can have a lasting impact on virtually every student. In this article focus has been given on role of a good teacher and. qualities

UDAYSINH R. MANEPATIL

2013-01-01

353

Aviation Teachers Resource  

Science.gov (United States)

The Aeronautics Learning Laboratory presents a basic guide to teaching and learning aviation. The collection of links and articles provides exploration into the science and math behind aviation, in addition to practical considerations such as government qualification requirements. The teacher-focused research provides lesson plans for K-4, 5-8, and 9-12, but versions of the 9-12 have been adapted for college-level study. Florida International University hopes that this website will encourage more young people to go into aviation by preparing them with the knowledge and skills necessary to find gainful employment in the aviation industry.

2007-07-26

354

Teachers and Human Rights Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Why do teachers need to be familiar with human rights? In multicultural societies, whose values take precedence? How do schools resolve tensions between children's rights and teachers' rights? Campaigners, politicians and the media cite human rights to justify or challenge anything from peaceful protest to military action. The phrase "human…

Osler, Audrey; Starkey, Hugh

2010-01-01

355

Teachers' Knowledge of Education Law  

Science.gov (United States)

The knowledge base of education-related law is growing at a rapid pace. The increase in federal and state statutes is rising commensurate with litigation that directs teachers on curricular, professional, and social matters. At the same time, numerous studies provide significant evidence that teachers lack an adequate level of knowledge of…

Littleton, Mark

2008-01-01

356

Teachers Torn over Religion, Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

When science teachers in a small Pennsylvania town were asked to read a statement to their classes that introduced students to the concept of "intelligent design," they refused, citing legal and professional obligations. This article discusses teacher's views on religion and evolution and how their opinions influenced religion's place in science…

Cavanagh, Sean

2005-01-01

357

The Building as the Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers educate. Architects design. Students learn. Each serves a specific, unique purpose. But what happens when the three collaborate to achieve a greater good? In the state of Washington, a school building that is, in itself, a learning tool for students, teachers and the community happened. A school building that inspires students and…

Mason, Craig

2009-01-01

358

Multiple Gauges Best for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Student feedback, test-score growth calculations, and observations of practice appear to pick up different but complementary information that, combined, can provide a balanced and accurate picture of teacher performance, according to research recently released from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. A composite measure on teacher effectiveness…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2013-01-01

359

The Science Teacher: Spring 2005  

Science.gov (United States)

The Science Teacher (TST) is the high school publication of the National Science Teachers Association. Articles of possible interest appearing in TST between Summer 2004 and January 2005 include topics on teaching visually impaired students, the history and the nature of science, inquiry, and using art in chemistry. The reviewed articles contain classroom activities, labs, assessments, and teaching tips.

Long, Steve

2005-04-01

360

Can Teacher Evaluation Improve Teaching?  

Science.gov (United States)

The modernization of teacher evaluation systems, an increasingly common component of school reform efforts, promises to reveal new, systematic information about the performance of individual classroom teachers. Yet while states and districts race to design new systems, most discussion of how the information might be used has focused on traditional…

Taylor, Eric S.; Tyler, John H.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

NUSTEP--Teacher Assisting Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Teacher Assisting Program in NUSTEP has three major purposes: (a) blending theory and practice so that a prospective teacher can become acquainted with and instructed in a variety of important principles of learning and teaching and at the same time experience those same principles in learning/teaching situations; (b) providing prospective…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln.

362

Teacher Unionization in School Governance  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of unions in school governance is reviewed to note that labor operates in a larger context of principal-agent relationships. As agents for teachers, unions articulate the concerns that must be addressed if teachers are to be successfully enlisted in the struggle to reduce achievement gaps among at-risk students. Transcending industrial…

Jacoby, Dan

2011-01-01

363

Why Teachers Trust School Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Trust among teachers in schools is significantly related to student achievement and trust in school leaders is an important influence on such trust. The purpose of this study is to identify leadership practices which teachers interpret as signs of trustworthiness on the part of their principals. Design/methodology/approach: Evidence for…

Handford, Victoria; Leithwood, Kenneth

2013-01-01

364

Alternative Compensation Programs for Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Public support for better teacher salaries hinges on tying these salaries to performance and productivity. To succeed, alternative compensation plans must be free of legislative involvement and restrictive outside funding and feature teacher cooperation in planning; clear, attainable objectives; freedom to determine reward format; and sound and…

Poston, William K., Jr.; Frase, Larry E.

1991-01-01

365

Vascular surgical emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book contains over 30 selections. Some of the titles are: Computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in vascular surgical emergencies; Acute problems following diagnostic and interventional radiologic procedures; Venous gangrene: Pulmonary embolectomoy and vena caval interruption; Decelerating aortic injury.

Bergan, J.J.; Yao, J.S.T.

1987-01-01

366

Ten Questions about Emergence  

CERN Multimedia

Self-Organization is of growing importance for large distributed computing systems. In these systems, a central control and manual management is exceedingly difficult or even impossible. Emergence is widely recognized as the core principle behind self-organization. Therefore the idea to use both principles to control and organize large-scale distributed systems is very attractive and not so far off. Yet there are many open questions about emergence and self-organization, ranging from a clear definition and scientific understanding to the possible applications in engineering and technology, including the limitations of both concepts. Self-organizing systems with emergent properties are highly desirable, but also very challenging. We pose ten central questions about emergence, give preliminary answers, and identify four basic limits of self-organization: a size limit, a place limit, a complexity limit and finally a combinatorial limit.

Fromm, J

2005-01-01

367

Emergency Preparedness and You  

Science.gov (United States)

... Radiation Emergencies What Should I Do? Get Inside Shelter-in-Place Tips before Entering a Shelter What about my ... Develop a Family Disaster Plan Learn How to Shelter in Place At Home In a Vehicle In a Workplace ...

368

Neonatal dermatological emergencies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The neonates are unique in several ways in comparison with older children and adults which render them highly susceptible to severe, sometimes life threatening dermatological disorders. The neonatal dermatological emergencies are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A wide range of dermatoses such as infections, genodermatoses, metabolic disorders and vascular tumors may require emergency care. The clinical presentation also varies from generalized involvement of skin to localized disease with or without systemic symptoms. Irrespective of the etiology and clinical presentation, these disorders are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the availability of effective drugs and monitoring facilities, and awareness of need for immediate care, there has been a significant decline in the fatality rate associated with neonatal dermatological emergencies. Knowledge of clinical presentations, rapid diagnostic methods, emergency care and monitoring of progress of the disease helps in comprehensive multidisciplinary care of neonates with these disorders.

Ragunatha S; Inamadar Arun

2010-01-01

369

Promises of Emerging Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging technology promises to give US theater commanders the ability to destroy enemy aircraft on the ground. The Air Force's current doctrine, and predictive studies are unanimous - destroying enemy aircraft on the ground is the most effective method o...

C. W. Nystrom

1991-01-01

370

Knowledge translation in international emergency medical care.  

Science.gov (United States)

More than 90% of the world population receives emergency medical care from different types of practitioners with little or no specific training in the field and with variable guidance and oversight. Emergency medical care is being recognized by actively practicing physicians around the world as an increasingly important domain in the overall health services package for a community. The know-do gap is well recognized as a major impediment to high-quality health care in much of the world. Knowledge translation principles for application in this highly varied young domain will require investigation of numerous aspects of the knowledge synthesis, exchange, and application domains in order to bring the greatest benefit of both explicit and tacit knowledge to increasing numbers of the world's population. This article reviews some of the issues particular to knowledge development and transfer in the international domain. The authors present a set of research proposals developed from a several-month online discussion among practitioners and teachers of emergency medical care in 16 countries from around the globe and from all economic strata, aimed at improving the flow of knowledge from developers and repositories of knowledge to the front lines of clinical care. PMID:17967967

Arnold, L Kristian; Alomran, Hisham; Anantharaman, V; Halpern, Pinchas; Hauswald, Mark; Malmquist, Pia; Molyneux, Elizabeth; Rajapakse, Bishan; Ranney, Megan; Razzak, Junaid

2007-11-01

371

Knowledge translation in international emergency medical care.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

More than 90% of the world population receives emergency medical care from different types of practitioners with little or no specific training in the field and with variable guidance and oversight. Emergency medical care is being recognized by actively practicing physicians around the world as an increasingly important domain in the overall health services package for a community. The know-do gap is well recognized as a major impediment to high-quality health care in much of the world. Knowledge translation principles for application in this highly varied young domain will require investigation of numerous aspects of the knowledge synthesis, exchange, and application domains in order to bring the greatest benefit of both explicit and tacit knowledge to increasing numbers of the world's population. This article reviews some of the issues particular to knowledge development and transfer in the international domain. The authors present a set of research proposals developed from a several-month online discussion among practitioners and teachers of emergency medical care in 16 countries from around the globe and from all economic strata, aimed at improving the flow of knowledge from developers and repositories of knowledge to the front lines of clinical care.

Arnold LK; Alomran H; Anantharaman V; Halpern P; Hauswald M; Malmquist P; Molyneux E; Rajapakse B; Ranney M; Razzak J

2007-11-01

372

Teacher's Questions in Reading Classes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: The present paper discusses an English teacher's questions in Reading classes at MAN Malang III. Types of questions, functions of teacher's questions, question levels and the strategies applied by the teacher were put as the research problems. Non-participant observa­tion was applied to collect the data with the researcher as the main in­strument aided by field-notes and a tape recorder. It was found that the distribution of the questions did not allow the students to talk longer and to think more analytically. Meanwhile, the strategies applied by the teacher helped the students to respond to the questions previously unanswered. The teacher is suggested to produce more open and refer­ential question as well as inference and evaluation questions as to give more chances for the students to think aloud more.

Zuliati Rohmah

2002-01-01

373

Efficacy in German Teacher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At the present time German teacher training is confronted with a great political will to bring about change. International comparative studies of recent years have shown a dissatisfying learning outcome. The most dramatic result is a strong interdependence of school success and social background. German teachers experience their profession as problematic. At present only 35% work until the normal pension age. The article discusses structural differences in teacher training compared to other countries and analyses motivation for the choice of study, perceived self-efficacy, experience of stress, patterns of uncertainty avoidance and previous experience in a sample of 1358 students starting teacher training.Key words: Teacher training; Career choice motivation; Self-efficacy; Experience of stress; Uncertainty avoidance

Ewald Kiel; Sabine Weiß; Thomas Eberle

2012-01-01

374

Salivary gland emergencies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Salivary gland disorders are uncommon in the emergency department setting. Given the vast differential that spans infectious, autoimmune, neoplastic, and metabolic processes, they can pose a diagnostic challenge even to skilled clinicians. There is a paucity of evidence-based data regarding the management of these disorders with frequent incongruence between specific sources. Although by no means exhaustive or absolute, this article reconciles existing literature and serves as a concise and informative guide to salivary gland disorders encountered by the emergency care practitioner.

Armstrong MA; Turturro MA

2013-05-01

375

Design of emergency shield  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Manufacturing of an emergency movable shield in the hot laboratories center is urgently needed for the safety of personnel in case of accidents or spilling of radioactive materials. In this report, a full design for an emergency shield is presented and the corresponding dose rates behind the shield for different activities (from 1 mCi to 5 Ci) was calculated by using micro shield computer code. 4 figs., 1 tab.

1993-01-01

376

On Engineering and Emergence  

CERN Multimedia

The engineering and design of self-organizing systems with emergent properties is a long-standing problem in the field of complex and distributed systems, for example in the engineering of self-organizing Multi-Agent Systems. The problem of combining engineering with emergence - to find a simple rule for a complex pattern - equals the problem of science in general. Therefore the answers are similar, and the scientific method is the general solution to the problem of engineering complex systems.

Fromm, J

2006-01-01

377

[Surgical emergencies in elderly].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A higher number of elderly are seeking surgical care in the last years for different affections. The aim of the study was to analyze the characteristics of surgical emergency pathology in elderly and to establish several prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We did a retrospective study on 22.803 patients admitted in the First and the Third Clinic of Surgery from Targu-Mures between 1999 and 2006. The data were statistically processed. RESULTS: The elderly (> or =70 years) represented 15.10% of all cases and 20.70% of all emergencies. Almost half of them (47.80%) were admitted in emergency conditions, compared to only a third (32.53%) of the younger group. The malignancies represented 16.72%, meanwhile in the younger group only 6.98 %. Abdominal emergencies represented 83.59%, mostly due to intestinal occlusion and digestive hemorrhages. The operability ratio was 68%, close to the younger group (72%). The global mortality rate was 3.95%. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical emergencies affect elderly in a higher percentage than the younger group. The emergency condition, the elder age and neoplasia are the most important factors of negative prognosis, and more important when they cumulate, increasing the mortality rate up to fivefold compared to the elderly admitted in elective condition.

Coro? MF; Copotoiu C; Copotoiu S; Ioni?? S; Dobre A; Sorlea S; Georgescu R; Cr?ciun C; Ro?u I

2008-05-01

378

Definition of emergency medicine.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This SAEM position paper clarifies the role of emergency medicine in health care delivery. It builds upon the working definition of emergency medicine developed by the American College of Emergency Physicians in 1994 by describing the health care role of emergency physicians (EPs). EPs are first-contact providers who care for all patients regardless of age, gender, time of presentation, or ability to pay. They remain the only continuously accessible specialty for patients seeking help and solace in the health care system. They are an essential link in the health care continuum between primary care physicians, specialists, the out-of-hospital system, the patient, inpatient services, and communication services. The EP's role is in organizing and monitoring the emergency care delivery system. Part of this role is to better align the health care provider training and ability with the specific medical needs of a patient. The emergency health care system remains the essential medical safety net for all individuals needing care in this country.

Schneider SM; Hamilton GC; Moyer P; Stapczynski JS

1998-04-01

379

Accident and emergency management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increasing potential for severe accidents as the industrial development tends towards large, centralised production units. In several industries this has led to the formation of large organisations which are prepared for accidents fighting and for emergency management. The functioning of these organisations critically depends upon efficient decision making and exchange of information. This project is aimed at securing and possibly improving the functionality and efficiency of the accident and emergency management by verifying, demonstrating, and validating the possible use of advanced information technology in the organisations mentioned above. With the nuclear industry in focus the project consists of five main activities: 1) The study and detailed analysis of accident and emergency scenarios based on records from incidents and rills in nuclear installations. 2) Development of a conceptual understanding of accident and emergency management with emphasis on distributed decision making, information flow, and control structure sthat are involved. 3) Development of a general experimental methodology for evaluating the effects of different kinds of decision aids and forms of organisation for emergency management systems with distributed decision making. 4) Development and test of a prototype system for a limited part of an accident and emergency organisation to demonstrate the potential use of computer and communication systems, data-base and knowledge base technology, and applications of expert systems and methods used in artificial intelligence. 5) Production of guidelines for the introduction of advanced information technology in the organisations based on evaluation and validation of the prototype system. (author)

1988-01-01

380

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers’ and principals’ expectations and perceptions related to teachers’ leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazar?, one of the two central municipalities in Eski?ehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of eight primary schools were taken as a sample among low, middle, high socio-economic level primary schools in Odunpazar?. 195 teachers and principals participated in this study. In this study a data device which consisted of two sections was used to accomplish the purpose of the study. A personal information form to define teachers’ and principals’ demographical features made the first section, whereas “The Questionnaire of Expectations and perceptions of Teacher Leadership Roles” developed by Beycio?lu (2009) and consisting of 25 items made the second section. Each item in the questionnaire has a five scale Lykert type evaluation and belongs to one of the three dimensions of both perception and expectation. These dimensions are institutional development, professional development and collaboration with colleagues.

Semra K?ranl?

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Induction: A Brief Introduction for Beginning Special Education Teachers. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teachers [TII-1  

Science.gov (United States)

Induction is a term that describes the support a new teacher receives. Teacher induction begins when a new teacher enters the workforce, and it may extend throughout the next several years of teaching. Induction represents a phase in development that focuses on new teachers' concerns and problems of practice. It also serves as a catalyst for new…

National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

2010-01-01

382

Planning for What Kind of Teaching? Supporting Cooperating Teachers as Teachers of Planning  

Science.gov (United States)

Planning is a central task of teaching and a central focus in learning to teach. But what does planning entail, and how is planning best learned? What challenges do experienced teachers serving as school-based teacher educators face in becoming teachers of planning? What role can university teacher educators play in helping mentor teachers learn…

Norman, Patricia J.

2011-01-01

383

When Shortage Coexists with Surplus of Teachers: The Case of Arab Teachers in Israel  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the nexus between pre-service teacher education polices and the supply and demand of minority teachers. It problematizes the recent reports on teacher shortages in Israel, which tend to focus on the shortage of Jewish teachers while dealing with the surplus of Arab teachers only tangentially. Specifically, this article…

Agbaria, Ayman K.; Pinson, Halleli

2013-01-01

384

Identifying the Types of Student and Teacher Behaviours Associated with Teacher Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

|The objectives of this study were to identify the student behaviours associated with teacher stress and determine the types of teacher behaviours that may elicit these stressful student behaviours. Student teachers (n = 186) and their supervising teachers (n = 77) completed a stressful student behaviour questionnaire, a teacher behaviour…

Geving, Allison M.

2007-01-01

385

Accommodations in Teacher Education: Perspectives of Teacher Candidates with Learning Disabilities and Their Faculty Advisors  

Science.gov (United States)

This study of teacher candidates with learning disabilities profiles their experience in a teacher education program. Two teacher candidates and their faculty advisors offer perspectives at various points during the teacher education program. Findings indicate that the teacher candidates were able to complete their required courses when their…

Csoli, Karen; Gallagher, Tiffany L.

2012-01-01

386

Should Teachers Be Taught to Be Rational?  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher education programs have long attempted to teach students to follow a rational mode of thinking. Recent research on teacher thinking has shown that a gap exists between how teachers think and the rational model. Such research should be used to give teacher educators insight into how their students think and learn. (JN)

Floden, Robert E.; Feiman, Sharon

1981-01-01

387

Teachers' Beliefs and Continuing Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

|Purpose: Teachers' continuing professional development (CPD) should improve teacher quality and teaching practices, though teachers vary in the extent to which they participate in CPD activities. Because beliefs influence working and learning, and teachers' beliefs about learning and teaching influence their instructional decisions, this study…

de Vries, Siebrich; van de Grift, Wim J. C. M.; Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.

2013-01-01

388

Growing a New Generation of Music Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In many parts of the United States, there is a growing shortage of music teachers to take the place of the retiring teachers. This is most evident in rural areas. If music teachers are not available to fill openings, music positions are sometimes combined, spreading music teachers too thin and requiring them to possess multiple music…

Burrack, Frederick

2009-01-01

389

The Teacher as an Archetype of Spirit  

Science.gov (United States)

Many images of the teacher in the current literature on teaching and teacher reflectivity can be seen as aspects of the Jungian image of the teacher as an archetype of spirit. These images--the teacher as philosopher, prophet, Zen master, and priest--correspond to what I call dialogical, civic, ontological and incarnational spirituality,…

Mayes, Clifford

2002-01-01

390

English Language Teachers' Professional Uses of Email  

Science.gov (United States)

In terms of education, e-mail has cemented its importance, as well as its status, as the overarching Internet tool. Specifically in the research of teacher education and teacher development, e-mails have been found to be empowering teachers' collaborative and networking practices. Such use of e-mails stimulates and refreshes teachers' professional…

Kabilan, Muhammad Kamarul; Embi, Mohamed Amin

2006-01-01

391

DENTAL HEALTH KNOWLEDGES AMONG ISFAHAN TEACHERS: 2000  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Major aim of this study is evaluation teachers knowledge about health and treatment dentistry procedures. Data for this study have gotten of 1884 teacher by questionaire. Most of teachers have had low level knowledge, also relation between level knowledges and teacher sex and teaching area and ...

S.E JABBARIFAR; A.R FARZANAKHOO

392

Evaluation of Teachers for the 21st Century Training Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The United Arab Emirates has witnessed exponential growth while its schools have been lagging behind other areas of national development. Research studies attributed that to classroom practices that overemphasized theory and rote memorization. Education officials addressed this issue by setting up training programs about effective teaching techniques and strategies. The author participated in the Teachers for the 21st Century project and provided workshops to hundreds of public schools’ teachers. To evaluate this teacher training project, the author followed a qualitative methodology using participant observation and data from documents, newspaper accounts, observation notes, and transcriptions of tape-recordings during the project. After each training session, the author tape recorded observations and noted participants’ views and impressions. After the tapes were transcribed there emerged salient findings related to training content, trainers and translators, participants, training environment, and project management. The author found that an amalgam of organizational, professional, and cultural deficiencies had caused the three years’ project to be discontinued after less than one year of its inception. Despite these shortcomings, teachers and trainers had benefitted from the training. However, these pressing issues must be seriously addressed in order to conduct sustainable professional development programs in the United Arab Emirates and Gulf region.

Hassan Elannani

2013-01-01

393

Work at school: teacher and parent perceptions about children's participation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Little research has been carried out on the behaviours that lead to children's successful participation in work roles at school. The objective of this study was to identify some of the elements critical to participation of students by listening to the perspectives of teachers and parents of children who have difficulties with school work. The study is part of a larger research project aimed at developing an assessment tool to describe the participation of children at school with particular reference to students who experience a difficulty with learning. PARTICIPANTS: 50 teachers and 44 parents of children referred to occupational therapy for problems with school work. METHODS: A survey approach using an open ended written response questionnaire. RESULTS: The findings indicated that there are core elements of participation in work that are commonly perceived as crucial by teachers and parents. These included common definitions of work participation with the emergence of several themes relative to work roles and meaning, opportunity for inclusion in school work, risk taking and enjoyment as part of work, and thinking processes. Differences between teacher and parent responses related to perceived reasons for a difficulty with participation, activities which require high levels of participation and aspects of participation that are most difficult to change. CONCLUSION: This study provided descriptive data on which to build further research into children's experiences of work, and highlights the need for occupational therapists to consider perceptions of key stakeholders when assessing children's work ability at school.

Lowe S; Chapparo C

2010-01-01

394

New Opportunities for Change in American Teacher Education: Insights from Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is an exploration of the emerging narratives on learning and teacher education in the United States and Hong Kong, as found in official policy statements and curriculum documents. Particular attention is given to Hong Kong's initiative in implementing an interdisciplinary liberal studies curriculum, and the continued professional…

Gal, Diane

2011-01-01

395

Students' and Teachers' Misapplication of Le Chatelier's Principle: Implications for the Teaching of Chemical Equilibrium.  

Science.gov (United States)

Study of strategies and procedures of 170 students and 40 teachers when solving chemical equilibrium problems found misconceptions emerging through: misapplication of Le Chatelier's Principle, use of rote-learning recall, incorrect control of variables, limited use of chemical equilibrium law, lack of mastery of chemical equilibrium principles,…

Quilez-Pardo, Juan; Solaz-Portoles, Joan Josep

1995-01-01

396

Pay for Performance: Developing the Basis for Advancing Performance Incentives to Public School Teachers in Jamaica  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the bases for awarding incentive in a pay for performance system in Jamaica. The bases were generated by surveying the perspectives of a representative sample of teachers in the system at the time. The relative significance of emerging bases were examined through quantitative methods culminating in a set of criteria for…

Johnson, Leroy

2006-01-01

397

Towards Web 2.0 Schools: Rethinking the Teachers Professional Development  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims at analyzing the Web 2.0 based distance education in the K-12 schools as an emerging phenomenon that catalyzes a new educational reform all over the world. Some pre-Web 2.0 best practice examples are analyzed in order to draw the main findings in the paper. The teacher's professional...

Nikolov, Roumen

398

Teachers' Use of Computational Tools to Construct and Explore Dynamic Mathematical Models  

Science.gov (United States)

|To what extent does the use of computational tools offer teachers the possibility of constructing dynamic models to identify and explore diverse mathematical relations? What ways of reasoning or thinking about the problems emerge during the model construction process that involves the use of the tools? These research questions guided the…

Santos-Trigo, Manuel; Reyes-Rodriguez, Aaron

2011-01-01

399

Academic Optimism of High School Teachers: Its Relationship to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Student Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to build on an emergent research base for academic optimism by testing the construct and its relationship to student achievement and organizational citizenship behaviors in schools in a sample of public high schools. All participants in this study were full-time teachers, guidance counselors, and other full-time…

Wagner, Charles A.; DiPaola, Michael F.

2011-01-01

400

A Rising Tide Meets a Perfect Storm: New Accountabilities in Teaching and Teacher Education in Ireland  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper examines the emergence of new accountabilities in teaching and teacher education in Ireland in the 15 years period 1997-2012. Framing accountability in terms of the three main approaches to it globally in education systems, that is, compliance with regulations, adherence to professional norms and attainment of results/outcomes, we…

Conway, Paul F.; Murphy, Rosaleen

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

A Social Network Perspective on Teacher Collaboration in Schools: Theory, Methodology, and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

|An emerging trend in educational research is the use of social network theory and methodology to understand how teacher collaboration can support or constrain teaching, learning, and educational change. This article provides a critical synthesis of educational literature on school social networks among educators to advance our understanding of…

Moolenaar, Nienke M.

2012-01-01

402

Emergency planning zone reduction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This paper describes the process used by a large industrial Department of Energy (DOE) site to communicate changing hazards to its stakeholders and install the confidence necessary to implement the resulting emergency planning changes. Over the last decade as the sites missions have shifted from full-scale production to a greater emphasis on environmental restoration and waste management, the off-site threat from its operations has substantially decreased. The challenge was to clearly communicate the reduced hazards, install confidence in the technical analysis that documented the hazard reduction, and obtain stakeholder buy-in on the path forward to change the emergency management program. The most significant change to the emergency management program was the proposed reduction of the sites Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ). As the EPZ is defined as an area for which planning is needed to protect the public in the event of an accident, the process became politically challenging. An overview of how the site initially approached this problem and then learned to more substantially involve the state and local emergency preparedness agencies and the local Citizens Advisory Board will be presented. (author)

2002-01-01

403

A Quilting Lesson for Early Childhood Preservice and Regular Classroom Teachers: What Constitutes Mathematical Activity?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this narrative of teacher educator action research, the idea for and the context of the lesson emerged as a result of conversations between Shelly, a mathematics teacher educator, and Lisa, a quilter, about real-life mathematical problems related to Lisa’s work as she created the templates for a reproduction quilt. The lesson was used with early childhood preservice teachers in a mathematics methods course and with K-2 teachers who participated in a professional development workshop that focused on geometry and measurement content. The goal of the lesson was threefold: (a) to help the participants consider a nonstandard real-world contextual problem as mathematical activity, (b) to create an opportunity for participants to mathematize (Freudenthal, 1968), and (c) to unpack mathematical big ideas related to measurement and similarity. Participants’ strategies were analyzed, prompting conversations about these big ideas, as well as an unanticipated one.

Shelly Sheats Harkness; Lisa Portwood

2007-01-01

404

Dragonfly TV: Parents & Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

From PBS, this Dragonfly TV website offers a collection of activities and resources aimed at getting kids psyched about science. A wide variety of site offerings include: matching games featuring animal tracks, and types of fruit; riddles about things like wart removal, cow-derived electricity, and weighing whales; video clips about bugs, and archaeology; and experiment ideas involving a fish mummy, an egg in a bottle, and breathing leaves. The Dragonfly website also hosts a number of message boards for kids. For teachers and parents, the site supplies a range of downloadable, inquiry-based activities in the following subject areas: Body and Brain; Living Things; Earth and Space; Matter and Motion; and Technology and Invention. The site also offers downloadable issues of _My Science Journal_, a magazine from Dragonfly.

405

Scholarships for High School Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The Hach Scientific Foundation 's mission is very focused and very simple: supporting chemistry education, primarily at the K 12 level. Through the recruitment of new teachers, addressing the issues of existing teacher retention, and supporting the best instruction and assessment strategies in chemistry education, the Foundation has a firm commitment to making the life of the chemistry student and teacher the most positive and educational experience possible. Although the Foundation's charter has its roots firmly planted in chemistry, the outgrowth of Hach Co. cofounder Clifford Hach's love of the "central science", it took more than 20 years before the Foundation announced it would narrow its aim singly on chemistry education.

Hach, Bryce

2007-12-01

406

The image of teachers through the eyes of authors of pedagogical books from the age of dualism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We can state that 19th century educational books draft a lot of similar expectations towards the ideal teacher. Most of the analysed educational handbooks and textbooks distinguish the human beings from the other creations. The idea of human perfection characteristic to the Humanism is recalled in these books, where the authors consider the human beings as the highest level creatures which are different from any other creature of the world, both physically and mentally. It is visible from the above mentioned that the efficiency of education is based on the educator’s suitability for the teacher’s profession. The pedagogical handbooks and textbooks provide a separate chapter to the required qualities of teachers. The teachers’ required qualities are listed from the physical qualities, behaviour, and sense of vocation to the life style. The authors believe that successful teaching can be achieved by pedagogical competence and they prefer knowledge and skill to emotional features. They think it is necessary to love the profession, to be educated and methodologically trained as the main features of the ideal teacher but moral features, knowledge of children and love of children are important parts of a teacher’s profession. Analysing the educational textbooks we can see that the picture of teacher emerging from the works consists of the whole range of expectations.

Krisztina Kovács

2011-01-01

407

Multicultural Education and teacher’s social well-being  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The configuration of new intergroup and interpersonal relations that take place in the receiving social context as a result of migratory processes, owns direct influences over the school scene. Having in account there are different paradigms and models in multicultural education (Banks, 2009), the aim of the study is to analyse the impact that has on teacher’s social well-being, the main or minor percentage of immigrant students in the schools. The Social Well-Being Scale of Keyes (1998), adapted by Blanco & Diaz (2005) was applied on a sample of 281 primary education teachers from Guipúzcoa, (Spain). They were distributed in three groups for its comparison. The results indicate, that those teachers that carry out their work in schools with greater concentration of immigrant students, presented the greater level of social well-being with respect to their colleagues who belong to schools characterized by the sociocultural homogeneity of the pupils.

Alonso, María L; Martínez Taboada, Cristina

2011-01-01

408

????????????????? Tibet Emergency Geographic Information Platform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“????”??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????GIS???????????????????????????????????????????????????Emergency Geographic Information Services based on a variety of spatial information, integration of data related to emergency response resources, the analysis of emergency events, judgments, prediction and risk assessment, thus making the entire emergency command platform for the “support platform”, emergency management is to achieve , emergency decision-making and command and spatial planning on the premise and foundation. This paper describes in detail the geographic information service platform function emergency procedures, and emergency response to the Tibet Autonomous Region of geographic information systems, and introduced the Emergency GIS data resources with data integration technology to achieve marked emergency, emergency room model building, two three-dimensional interac- tive visualization system and other key technologies.

??; ???; ???

2012-01-01

409

Emergency hoisting equipment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is essential that in the event of an emergency in which the normal hoisting apparatus at a mine fails to function, any person who may be trapped below ground, or in conveyances in a shaft, have a safe means of egress. At deep mines operated by the British Coal Corporation that are served by vertical shafts, gravity hoisting is the principal means of providing emergency egress from the mine. In addition, vehicle mounted mobile hoists with self-contained power units (emergency mobile winders), are located at strategic points throughout the coalfields to provide for the release of persons trapped in a conveyance held fast or immobilised in a shaft. 2 refs., 6 figs.

Mellor, K.M. [British Coal Corporation, Stanhope Bretby (United Kingdom). Technical Services and Research Executive

1993-12-31

410

EMERGENCY AID DATA WATCH  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This invention relates to the Emergency Aid Data Watch, which integrates the GSM, GPS, Wireless and sensor technologies, and enables the user's pulse, blood pressure and location information to be reached without any loss of time, during an emergency. Owing to the GPS technology, the watch according to the invention enables the location of the patient to be reached without loss of time. The emergency aid crew reaching the patient may also directly access the patient' s most recently measured pulse and blood pressure information, via wireless technology, by the use of the data transfer button (2) on the watch. Thanks to two different operating modes of the watch, the user may switch the watch into the idle mode, when e.g., carrying out sporting activities, thereby preventing the transmission of the pulse and blood pressure information to the information center so that no misleading information will be produced.

VEDAT ONAR

411

Hanford Emergency Response Plan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Emergency Response Plan for the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL), incorporates into one document an overview of the emergency management program for the Hanford Site. The program has been developed in accordance with DOE orders, and state and federal regulations to protect worker and public health and safety and the environment in the event of an emergency at or affecting the Hanford Site. This plan provides a description of how the Hanford Site will implement the provisions of DOE 5500 series and other applicable Orders in terms of overall policies and concept of operations. It should be used as the basis, along with DOE Orders, for the development of specific contractor and RL implementing procedures.

Wagoner, J.D.

1994-04-01

412

Fuel cells : emerging markets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This presentation highlighted the findings of the 2009 review of the fuel cell industry and emerging markets as they appeared in Fuel Cell Today (FCT), a benchmark document on global fuel cell activity. Since 2008, the industry has seen a 50 per cent increase in fuel cell systems shipped, from 12,000 units to 18,000 units. Applications have increased for backup power for datacentres, telecoms and light duty vehicles. The 2009 review focused on emerging markets which include non-traditional regions that may experience considerable diffusion of fuel cells within the next 5 year forecast period. The 2009 review included an analysis on the United Arab Emirates, Mexico, Brazil and India and reviewed primary drivers, likely applications for near-term adoption, and government and private sector activity in these regions. The presentation provided a forecast of the global state of the industry in terms of shipments as well as a forecast of countries with emerging markets.

2009-06-03

413

Hanford Emergency Response Plan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Hanford Emergency Response Plan for the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL), incorporates into one document an overview of the emergency management program for the Hanford Site. The program has been developed in accordance with DOE orders, and state and federal regulations to protect worker and public health and safety and the environment in the event of an emergency at or affecting the Hanford Site. This plan provides a description of how the Hanford Site will implement the provisions of DOE 5500 series and other applicable Orders in terms of overall policies and concept of operations. It should be used as the basis, along with DOE Orders, for the development of specific contractor and RL implementing procedures.

1994-01-01

414

??????????????? Research on How to Mold Teacher’s Personality Charisma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The personality charisma of a teacher plays a very important role in the physical, intellectual and psychological development of college students. As a teacher, we should shape our own charisma by the fol-lowing key points: having wide and open fields of vision, improving the professional quality, mastering the skills on nonverbal communication and the arts on criticising students, respecting and loving students, and more, cultivating the pure love feelings to the living things.

???

2011-01-01

415

Care and support of orphaned and vulnerable children at school: helping teachers to respond  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is acknowledged that teacher training programmes around HIV in most of sub-Saharan Africa appear not to have been very effective in assisting teachers to respond to the demands placed on them by the pandemic. In response to the need identified by international development agencies, for research into teacher education and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, this study investigated teacher perceptions of the effectiveness of training programmes offered in a specific school district in South Africa to equip them to deal with issues arising from having orphans and vulnerable children in their classrooms. A qualitative research design was followed to purposively select teachers who had attended the departmental training to participate in focus groups to explore the phenomenon of teaching orphaned and vulnerable children. The findings that emerged from the thematic data analysis provided supporting evidence that current teacher education approaches in this regard are not perceived to be effective. The results are used to suggest guidelines for an alternative approach to the current forms of HIV and AIDS training for teachers that is more likely to be sustainable, culturally appropriate and suited to the context.

Lesley Wood; Linda Goba

2011-01-01

416

PFP Emergency Lighting Study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

NFPA 101, section 5-9 mandates that, where required by building classification, all designated emergency egress routes be provided with adequate emergency lighting in the event of a normal lighting outage. Emergency lighting is to be arranged so that egress routes are illuminated to an average of 1.0 footcandle with a minimum at any point of 0.1 footcandle, as measured at floor level. These levels are permitted to drop to 60% of their original value over the required 90 minute emergency lighting duration after a power outage. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) has two designations for battery powered egress lights ''Emergency Lights'' are those battery powered lights required by NFPA 101 to provide lighting along officially designated egress routes in those buildings meeting the correct occupancy requirements. Emergency Lights are maintained on a monthly basis by procedure ZSR-12N-001. ''Backup Lights'' are battery powered lights not required by NFPA, but installed in areas where additional light may be needed. The Backup Light locations were identified by PFP Safety and Engineering based on several factors. (1) General occupancy and type of work in the area. Areas occupied briefly during a shiftly surveillance do not require backup lighting while a room occupied fairly frequently or for significant lengths of time will need one or two Backup lights to provide general illumination of the egress points. (2) Complexity of the egress routes. Office spaces with a standard hallway/room configuration will not require Backup Lights while a large room with several subdivisions or irregularly placed rooms, doors, and equipment will require Backup Lights to make egress safer. (3) Reasonable balance between the safety benefits of additional lighting and the man-hours/exposure required for periodic light maintenance. In some plant areas such as building 236-Z, the additional maintenance time and risk of contamination do not warrant having Backup Lights installed in all rooms. Sufficient light for egress is provided by existing lights located in the hallways

2000-01-01

417

Research and Analysis on the Teachers' Happiness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, we analyses and comments on happiness and the development of teachers’ happiness and thus defines the concept of teacher's sense of happiness, which is the necessary premise to research on teachers' happiness based on western philosophy, psychology, pedagogy perspective. The ultimate goal of the construction of teachers is the realization of teachers' sense of happiness, which is the inevitable requirement to realize the true meaning of education.

HU Zhongying

2013-01-01

418

A STUDY ON THE DIFFICULTIES FACED BY PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Both teacher characteristics and professional knowledge and skills are required for teachers to offer quality preschool education. Even though teachers may know the basics of planning educational contexts, various reasons may bring them face to face with difficulties in planning and implementation. When such diffculties arise, support should be provided to teachers according to their needs so that quality preschool curricula emerge. Starting from this need, the present study aims to reveal the difficulties faced by preschool teachers in the planning and implementation of curricula and to offer suggestions accordingly.The study sample consisted of a total of 154 teachers working at private and official preschool education institutions in Ankara and Afyon. Data was collected by using a questionnaire with two sections. It included questions about teachers’ personal information and their views on planning educational contexts. The general data pertaining to teachers was analyzed with percentile and frequency values while Chi-Square test was used to analyze whether the teachers’ views on planning educational contexts varied with respect to variables such as their professional seniority, the institution they are working for and the type of school they graduated from.The results showed that the biggest difficulties teachers faced in preparing annual plans were distributing objectives and achievements over the year and evaluating the annual plan. At the same time, teachers were also found to experience difficulties with planning and evaluating the educational context in their daily plans. The first and foremost difficulty in connection with planning educational contexts seemed to be big class size, followed by materials selection and design, arranging the educational context, lack of physical facilities, attitude of families, selecting methods and techniques, respectively. A meaningful difference was also found between the type of institution that teachers were working for and the difficulties that arose when planning educational contexts (p<0,05). In light of these results, it may be suggested that the quality of education will be maximized if the size of preschool classes is reduced and the number of preschools increased; if school administrators are informed and appropriate measures are taken to improve the physical condition of classrooms such as space, materials, temperature and lighting, the lack of which may pose major problems in planning and implementing curricula; if preservice teachers, who initially experience more difficulties than senior teachers with regard to physical conditions, are taken to preschools with a diversity of conditions for their practice teaching during their university education so that they gain a multitude of rich experiences.

Doç. Dr. Adalet KANDIR; Dr. Saide ÖZBEY; Ar?.Gör. Gözde ?NAL

2009-01-01

419

Preservice elementary teachers' development of pedagogical design capacity for inquiry---an activity-theoretical perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Preservice elementary teachers need to begin developing their pedagogical design capacities for inquiry by learning how to translate their conceptions of inquiry into classroom practice through the adaptation and enactment of curriculum materials. Using both qualitative and quantitative research methods, I draw upon cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) to investigate preservice elementary teachers' curriculum design and development of pedagogical design capacity for inquiry during the final year of their teacher education program. This study involved analysis of curricular artifacts and survey data from 46 prospective elementary teachers in two sections of an undergraduate elementary science teaching methods course, as well as interviews, observational fieldnotes, reflective journals, and other artifacts from four preservice teachers from this larger group studied during the methods and student teaching semesters. Results show that preservice teachers were able to translate their espoused inquiry frameworks into planned and enacted science lessons. This involved adapting existing curriculum materials to better promote specific inquiry practices, but also to fundamentally shift the nature of classroom science. The preservice teachers' curriculum design efforts were constrained, however, by features of their institutional contexts and subject to emergent tensions. In attempting to resolve these tensions through curriculum design for inquiry, the preservice teachers ultimately articulated a fundamental contradiction between two distinct and competing visions for classroom inquiry: traditional classroom science, which promotes students' reproduction of scientific explanations by objectifying students, and a novel form of classroom inquiry that repositions students as contributing community members involved in the co-construction of knowledge through lesson-specific shared problem-spaces. For each of the preservice teachers, this contradiction had important implications for the design of science learning environments and remained unresolved at the end of the study. These findings have implications for practice and theory. While they illustrate the important role both formal teacher education and science curriculum materials play in supporting teachers to engage in inquiry-oriented science teaching, they also highlight the need for schools to foster inquiry practices in the classroom. Findings also provide novel insights into the teacher-curriculum relationship, teacher learning, the nature and goals of inquiry-oriented science teaching and learning, and CHAT-based research on teachers.

Forbes, Cory T.

420

The linguistically aware teacher and the teacher-aware linguist.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This review evaluates issues of teacher linguistic knowledge relating to their work with children with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCD). Information is from Ellis and McCartney [(2011a). Applied linguistics and primary school teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press], a state-of-the-art text deriving from a British Association of Applied Linguistics/Cambridge University Press expert seminar series that details: linguistic research underpinning primary school curricula and pedagogy; the form of linguistic knowledge useful for teachers supporting children with SLCD in partnership with speech and language therapists; and how and when teachers acquire and learn to apply such knowledge. Critical analysis of the options presented for teacher learning indicate that policy enjoinders now include linguistic application as an expected part of teachers' professional knowledge, for all children including those with SLCD, but there is a large unmet learning need. It is concluded that there is a role for clinical linguists to disseminate useable knowledge to teachers in an accessible format. Ways of achieving this are considered.

McCartney E; Ellis S

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
421

Classification of Emergency Scenarios  

CERN Multimedia

In most of today's emergency scenarios information plays a crucial role. Therefore, information has to be constantly collected and shared among all rescue team members and this requires new innovative technologies. In this paper a classification of emergency scenarios is presented, describing their special characteristics and common strategies employed by rescue units to handle them. Based on interviews with professional firefighters, requirements for new systems are listed. The goal of this article is to support developers designing new systems by providing them a deeper look into the work of first responders.

Muench, Mathieu

2011-01-01

422

Characterization of radiological emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several severe radiological emergencies were reviewed to determine the likely range of conditions which must be coped with by a mobile teleoperator designed for emergencies. The events reviewed included accidents at TMI (1978), SL-1 (1961), Y-12 (1958), Bethesda (1982), Chalk River (1952 and 1958), Lucens (1969). The important conditions were: radiation fields over 10,000 R/h, severe contamination, possible critical excursion, possible inert atmosphere, temperatures from 500C to -200C, 100% relative humidity, 60-cm-high obstacles, stairs, airlocks, darkness, and lack of electric power.

1985-01-01

423

Ultrasonography in abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

From February 1986 to March 1988 113 abdominal US exams were performed in emergency situation to evaluate the accuracy of this methodology: 13 were blunt traumas, 18 post-operative complications. A real-time scanner with a linear probe of 5 MHz was employed. The results were confirmed by surgical and/or clinical and instrumental evaluation. In 81% of the examinations, ultrasonography allowed a diagnosis to be made. Gallbladder and biliary pathologies were the most common findings. The results (sensibility 96%, specificity 88%, accuracy 95%) confirm the affidability of ultrasonography in abdominal emergencies, as shown in literature

1989-01-01

424

Mobile Phone as Pedagogical Tools: Are Teachers Ready?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the teachers’ perceptions on the implementation of mobile learning via mobile phone at schools. The sample for this study comprised thirty eight teachers who were teaching Information Technology (IT) subjects from various primary schools in Penang, Malaysia. A quantitative survey was administered to the respondents whereby results indicated that the adoption of mobile learning via mobile phone at schools was not perceived well among respondents. Moreover, respondents also were quite skeptical about future of mobile learning should it be implemented at their schools. The article concludes with emerging concerns which may have implications for future studies, specifically on whether or not mobile phone can effectively be adopted as teaching and learning tools for Malaysian mainstream schooling.

Issham Ismail; Siti Norbaya Azizan; Nizuwan Azman

2013-01-01

425

Exploring how surgeon teachers motivate residents in the operating room.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Motivation in teaching, mainly studied in disciplines outside of surgery, may also be an important part of intraoperative teaching. We explored techniques surgeons use to motivate learners in the operating room (OR). METHODS: Forty-four experienced surgeon teachers from multiple specialties participated in 9 focus groups about teaching in the OR. Focus groups were transcribed and subjected to qualitative thematic analysis by 3 reviewers through an iterative, rigorous process. RESULTS: Analysis revealed 8 motivational techniques. Surgeons used motivation techniques tacitly, describing multiple ways that they facilitate resident motivation while teaching. Two major categories of motivational techniques emerged: (1) the facilitation of intrinsic motivation; and (2) the provision of factors to stimulate extrinsic motivation. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons unknowingly but tacitly and commonly use motivation in intraoperative teaching and use a variety of techniques to foster learners' intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Motivating learners is 1 vital role that surgeon teachers play in nontechnical intraoperative teaching.

Dath D; Hoogenes J; Matsumoto ED; Szalay DA

2013-02-01

426

The Eisenhower Professional Development Program: Emerging Themes from Six Districts. 1998.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the first report from a 3-year evaluation of Part B of the Eisenhower Professional Development Program, the U.S. Department of Education's single largest investment dedicated to developing teachers' knowledge and skills. The report presents 10 emerging themes about the program resulting from exploratory case studies of 6 school districts…

Birman, Beatrice F.; Reeve, Alison L.; Sattler, Cheryl L.

427

Blended-Format Professional Development and the Emergence of Communities of Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this paper, we draw on Wenger's (1998) conception of communities of practice to observe the emergence of a community of practice among middle grades mathematics teachers who participated in a two-year blended-format (online synchronous, online asynchronous, and face to face) professional development program designed to increase middle-grades…

Hodges, Thomas E.; Cady, JoAnn

2013-01-01

428

The Art of Coaching Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This weblog by Elena Aguilar details important issues about coaching teachers. The topics in the entries vary in content, but are always centered around the idea of transforming instruction through coaching.

Aguilar, Elena

2013-03-16

429

Plant nutrition from teachers thinking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this work, it´s analyzed which contents related to plant nutrition are considered important by a group of secondary education teachers. Its objective is also to determine the existence of any correlations among teachers, depending on the selected and most valued contents in the evaluation activities and questions.The analysis of the obtained results has shown that the contents in which teachers are more focused are those describing the differences between autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition, the photosynthesis process and the structures involved on it (plant and cellular organs). On the other hand, the less considered contents are related to the nutrition general concept, breathing concept and those associated to the ecological dimension of plant nutrition. The existence of certain trends among the teachers taking part in this study has been confirmed; a prevailing correlation has also been found. The majority trend is the physiogical.

González Rodríguez, Concepción;; García Barros, Susana;; Martínez Losada, Cristina

2012-01-01

430

Resenha / Review: BAKHTIN, M. Palavra própria e palavra outra na sintaxe da enunciação. A palavra na vida e na poesia: introdução ao problema da poética sociológica. São Carlos: Pedro & João Editores, 2011. 184p. / BAKHTIN, M. Toward a history of forms of utterance in language constructions (Study in the applications of the Sociological Method to problems of Syntax); Discourse in life and discourse in art – concerning sociological poetics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BAKHTIN, M. Palavra própria e palavra outra na sintaxe da enunciação. A palavra na vida e na poesia: introdução ao problema da poética sociológica. São Carlos: Pedro & João Editores, 2011. 184p.BAKHTIN, M. Toward a history of forms of utterance in language constructions (Study in the applications of the Sociological Method to problems of Syntax); Discourse in life and discourse in art – concerning sociological poetics

Gilberto de Castro

2012-01-01

431

Vascular surgical emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This book contains over 30 selections. Some of the titles are: Computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in vascular surgical emergencies; Acute problems following diagnostic and interventional radiologic procedures; Venous gangrene: Pulmonary embolectomoy and vena caval interruption; Decelerating aortic injury

1987-01-01

432

The Emerging Scholarly Brain  

CERN Document Server

It is now a commonplace observation that human society is becoming a coherent super-organism, and that the information infrastructure forms its emerging brain. Perhaps, as the underlying technologies are likely to become billions of times more powerful than those we have today, we could say that we are now building the lizard brain for the future organism.

Kurtz, Michael J

2010-01-01

433

International emergency medicine fellowships.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The active interchange of intellectual ideas in the quest to improve healthcare globally will likely be best served by active interchange among physicians around the world. Subspecialty fellowship training programs for United States and foreign graduates will provide a focused path to development of a global network of physicians dedicated to the delivery of high-quality emergency health services.

Anderson PD; Aschkenasy M; Lis J

2005-02-01

434

International emergency medicine fellowships.  

Science.gov (United States)

The active interchange of intellectual ideas in the quest to improve healthcare globally will likely be best served by active interchange among physicians around the world. Subspecialty fellowship training programs for United States and foreign graduates will provide a focused path to development of a global network of physicians dedicated to the delivery of high-quality emergency health services. PMID:15663981

Anderson, Philip D; Aschkenasy, Miriam; Lis, Julian

2005-02-01

435

Emerging occupational lung infections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent experiences of emerging infections, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and avian influenza (H5N1), have highlighted the risks of serious pulmonary infections from occupational exposures. Occupationally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection could also result in li...

Ho, PL; Becker, M; ChanYeung, MM

436

Emergency scheme and stockpiling  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The ASEAN region`s economic development has been very dynamic in the past decade. Energy consumption has been increasing rapidly in line with the economic development, as well. It is predicted that energy demand in the region will be four times the 1993 level by the year 2020. Most of the demand will be dominated by oil especially in the transport sector where economic alternative fuels are lacking. In order to keep the demand and supply stable, the region needs to have in place an emergency response system that is effective for all conditions. The existing APSA (ASEAN Petroleum Sharing Agreement) will need to be reviewed and modified for situation when the ASEAN region will be highly dependent on supplier outside the region. Existing agencies of IEA member countries should be strengthened to implement emergency scheme. Legislation for emergency response should be provided, and stockpiling policy should be included in the emergency response system. For this, cooperation between executing agencies should be enhanced. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Ibrahim, H.

1996-02-06

437

LNG - emergency control  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The operation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is pioneering within the PETROBRAS System. PETROBRAS Transporte - TRANSPETRO is going to operate two flexible LNG terminals, located in Ceara and Rio de Janeiro. In accordance with the Corporate Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) Directive - Training, Education and Awareness, PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. - TRANSPETRO has prepared an action plan with the objective of ensuring the operational safety of the undertaking. Among other actions a training program for the emergency control of LNG will be inserted into the timetable. The above mentioned training program was held over a period of 20 hours, and was divided between theory and practice. In the theoretical part, the characteristics of the product, the history of accidents and the emergency response procedures were covered. In the practical part, 3000 gallons of LNG were utilized where the behavior of the product could be confirmed following a confined leak, thereby verifying the efficacy of the emergency control resources. The teaching process of the course was developed in the company through the preparation of specific procedures, emergency plans and the formation of internal instructors. (author)

Berardinelli, Ricardo Porto; Correa, Kleber Macedo; Moura Filho, Nelson Barboza de; Fernandez, Carlos Antonio [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Matos, Jose Eduardo Nogueira de [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2009-07-01

438

Fire Department Emergency Response  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1995 the SRS Fire Department published the initial Operations Basis Document (OBD). This document was one of the first of its kind in the DOE complex and was widely distributed and reviewed. This plan described a multi-mission Fire Department which provided fire, emergency medical, hazardous material spill, and technical rescue services

1997-01-01

439

Fire Department Emergency Response  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1995 the SRS Fire Department published the initial Operations Basis Document (OBD). This document was one of the first of its kind in the DOE complex and was widely distributed and reviewed. This plan described a multi-mission Fire Department which provided fire, emergency medical, hazardous material spill, and technical rescue services.

Blanchard, A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Bell, K.; Kelly, J.; Hudson, J.

1997-09-01

440

Radiological emergency case  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A report is given about an emergency case in which the patient had acute abdominal symptoms and immediately received examinations employing ultrasound, computed tomography and gastrografin contrast enema, in that order. Radiological evidence of ulcerative colitis and abdominal abscess is pointed out.

Fund, G.

1983-02-01

 
 
 
 
441

Emergency planning in Sweden  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Swedish system for nuclear safety administration for commercial and research reactors derives from national legislation first introduced by the Nuclear Accident Protection Act in 1960, which includes provisions for responsibility and authority concerning off-site emergency planning and preparedness. In Sweden, the National Institute of Radiation Protection has the overall planning responsibility and the County Boards are responsible for emergency preparedness at the local level. The most important improvements in emergency preparedness have now been implemented: (a) 24-hour emergency staff is now available for responsible agencies and bodies; (b) a programme of education and training of the various staff categories has been introduced; (c) an organization for prompt area contamination monitoring has been created for measurements within a 50 km zone around each site; (d) a telecommunication system has been set up; (e) iodine tablets have been distributed and information what to do in the event of an alarm has been distributed to the public within a zone of about 15 km around each site; (f) an alert system including both an outdoor alarm system and telephone alarm signals has been implemented. (author)

1986-01-01

442

Emergency Management of Diverticulitis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Diverticulitis is a common problem, and although most cases will respond to conservative measures, surgeons will frequently need to treat patients requiring emergency surgery. Surgical management has progressed over the past 30 years, with a change in practice from routine drainage and proximal dive...

Baxter, Nancy N.

443

Emerging nuclear energy systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

These proceedings contain papers on emerging nuclear energy systems, including fusion reactor studies; inertial confinement fusion; MHD conversion and field-reversed concepts; advanced fusion concepts; future fission reactors; accelerator sources and breeding; space and small reactors; blanket, breeder and advanced reactor designs; novel fusion topics;new concepts in nuclear energy; and economical and institutional subjects.

Velarde, G.; Minguez, E.

1987-01-01

444

JOB SATISFACTION AMONG SCHOOL TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was taken up with the theoretical assumptions that the feeling of job-satisfaction is derived from, and is caused by, many and varied interrelated personal factors such as age, sex, education, and factors controlling management such as pay, opportunity for advancement, working conditions, etc. the trends of the research work indicate that the behaviour of the satisfied and dissatisfied teachers still remains to be known further through systematic research. Hence, it is essential to make behavioural studies of the satisfied and dissatisfied teacher. Job-satisfaction is highly correlated with job-performance. A number of studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship of job-satisfaction with different Characteristics of workers. The Sample for the present study was selected from 46 primary and 26 secondary and senior secondary schools. The questionnaire was administered to the selected sample of 300 teachers personally by the investigator. Job satisfaction Scale for primary and Secondary School Teachers (Hindi version) by Dixit (1993) was used for collecting data. It will try to prepare a base which will help in formulating policies on teacher's job satisfaction and teachers' effectiveness etc.

ANIL KUMAR AGNIHOTRI

2013-01-01

445

The Mother of Eve -- As a First Language Teacher.  

Science.gov (United States)

|A mother's interactions with her young daughter were studied with special emphasis placed upon the frequencies of linguistically instructional input and the strategies employed to provide this information. The girl was between 18 and 28 months old and her mean length of utterance (MIU) was between 1.5 and 4.3 morphemes. Only maternal input was…

Moerk, Ernst L.

446

Paediatric emergencies: non-traumatic abdominal emergencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Presentation with acute abdominal pain or abdominal symptopathology is a very common cause of presentation of children to hospital. The causes are dependent in part on the age of the child, in part on the presence of previous surgery, and can be divided into those that relate to congenital abnormalities at whatever age they present, acquired disease and infection. Children, particularly young chi